Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Parallel performance of two applications in the Boeing high performance computing benchmark suite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe our work to evaluate the performance of the parallel versions of two floating-point-intensive engineering applications from Boeing's high performance computing benchmark suite (BHPCBS) on emerging RISC parallel systems and PC clusters. The first application is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, OVERFLOW, developed by NASA and used by Boeing for analysis and design of advanced aircraft. The second application is a prototype of a computational electromagnetics (CEM) code, developed by Boeing and used for radar cross-section studies. The distributed memory parallel versions of both applications use the message passing interface (MPI) standard for message passing. The goal of our work was to determine whether RISC parallel systems and PC clusters, which offer high performance at low cost, may be able to meet Boeing's computing requirements in the future. We describe the test environments for the studies, discuss parallelization issues and strategies and present performance data for the two applications.

Joseph W. Manke; G. David Kerlick; David Levine; Subhankar Banerjee; Eric Dillon

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Assessing Bioenergy Sustainability: Application of a Suite of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Success Stories Contact Us Index Home | ORNL | Events and Conferences Assessing Bioenergy Sustainability: Application of a Suite of Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators...

3

LANL Go Suite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LANL Go Suite LANL Go Suite LANL Go Suite The LANL Go Suite is a collection of packages, libraries, utilities, and software patches related to Google's Go programming language (http://www.golang.org/). September 24, 2013 software Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email LANL Go Suite The LANL Go Suite is a collection of packages, libraries, utilities, and software patches related to Google's Go programming language (http://www.golang.org/). The LANL Go Suite largely takes a high-performance computing angle to Go by providing some of the mechanisms needed to use Go in a supercomputing environment. For instance, the LANL Go Suite provides a Go interface to PAPI, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville's Performance Application Programming Interface (http://icl.cs.utk.edu/papi/), which helps software developers identify

4

Enabling Process Support for Advanced Applications with the AristaFlow BPM Suite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enabling Process Support for Advanced Applications with the AristaFlow BPM Suite Andreas Lanz1. In this software demonstration we show how the AristaFlow BPM Suite ­ an adaptive process management system) as offered by AristaFlow. 1 Introduction In many domains IT support can benefit from BPM technologies

Pfeifer, Holger

5

From Hydrogen Fuel Cells to High-Altitude-Pilot Protection Suits...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

From Hydrogen Fuel Cells to High-Altitude-Pilot Protection Suits- Mound Science and Energy Museum Programs Cover a Wide Range of Topics From Hydrogen Fuel Cells to...

6

NEW OPTICAL SENSOR SUITE FOR ULTRAHIGH TEMPERATURE FOSSIL FUEL APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accomplishments during the Phase I of a program to develop and demonstrate technology for the instrumentation of advanced powerplants are described. Engineers from Prime Research, LC and Babcock and Wilcox Research Center collaborated to generate a list of potential applications for robust photonic sensors in existing and future boiler plants. From that list, three applications were identified as primary candidates for initial development and demonstration of high-temperature sensors in an ultrasupercritical power plant. A matrix of potential fiber optic sensor approaches was derived, and a data set of specifications for high-temperature optical fiber was produced. Several fiber optic sensor configurations, including interferometric (extrinsic and intrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer), gratings (fiber Bragg gratings and long period gratings), and microbend sensors, were evaluated in the laboratory. In addition, progress was made in the development of materials and methods to apply high-temperature optical claddings to sapphire fibers, in order to improve their optical waveguiding properties so that they can be used in the design and fabrication of high-temperature sensors. Through refinements in the processing steps, the quality of the interface between core and cladding of the fibers was improved, which is expected to reduce scattering and attenuation in the fibers. Numerical aperture measurements of both clad and unclad sapphire fibers were obtained and used to estimate the reduction in mode volume afforded by the cladding. High-temperature sensors based on sapphire fibers were also investigated. The fabrication of an intrinsic Fabry-Perot cavity within sapphire fibers was attempted by the bulk diffusion of magnesium oxide into short localized segments of longer sapphire fibers. Fourier analysis of the fringes that resulted when the treated fiber was interrogated by a swept laser spectrometer suggested that an intrinsic cavity had been formed in the fiber. Also, an unclad sapphire fiber was tested as a temperature sensor at moderate temperatures (up to 775 C).

Russell G. May; Tony Peng; Tom Flynn

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

New Optical Sensor Suite for Ultrahigh Temperature Fossil Fuel Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accomplishments of a program to develop and demonstrate photonic sensor technology for the instrumentation of advanced powerplants and solid oxide fuel cells are described. The goal of this project is the research and development of advanced, robust photonic sensors based on improved sapphire optical waveguides, and the identification and demonstration of applications of the new sensors in advanced fossil fuel power plants, where the new technology will contribute to improvements in process control and monitoring.

John Coggin; Tom Flynn; Jonas Ivasauskas; Daniel Kominsky; Carrie Kozikowski; Russell May; Michael Miller; Tony Peng; Gary Pickrell; Raymond Rumpf; Kelly Stinson-Bagby; Dan Thorsen; Rena Wilson

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

8

A Late Neoproterozoic (V630 Ma) high-magnesium andesite suite from southern Israel: implications for the consolidation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Late Neoproterozoic (V630 Ma) high-magnesium andesite suite from southern Israel: implications and depleted in heavy rare earth elements. They are high-magnesium andesites and are similar to low-Ca type 2; Neoproterozoic; high-magnesium andesite 1. Introduction The Arabian^Nubian Shield (ANS) comprises 0012-821X / 03

Basu, Asish R.

9

An investigation of space suit mobility with applications to EVA operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The primary aim of this thesis is to advance the current understanding of astronauts' capabilities and limitations in space-suited extravehicular activity (EVA) by compiling a detailed database of the torques needed to ...

Schmidt, Patricia Barrett, 1974-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Modular, High-Volume Fuel Cell Leak-Test Suite and Process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fuel cell stacks are typically hand-assembled and tested. As a result the manufacturing process is labor-intensive and time-consuming. The fluid leakage in fuel cell stacks may reduce fuel cell performance, damage fuel cell stack, or even cause fire and become a safety hazard. Leak check is a critical step in the fuel cell stack manufacturing. The fuel cell industry is in need of fuel cell leak-test processes and equipment that is automatic, robust, and high throughput. The equipment should reduce fuel cell manufacturing cost.

Ru Chen; Ian Kaye

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

11

STAYS PNNL SUITE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002851IBMPC00 STAYSL PNNL Suite  http://radiochemscieng.pnnl.gov/research_areas/research_area_description.asp?id=283 

12

Directed Test Suite Augmentation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Test suite augmentation techniques are used in regression testing to identify code elements affected by changes and to generate test cases to cover those elements.… (more)

Xu, Zhihong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis software suite Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Architecture 2011 AutoCAD Revit Structure Suite 2011 AutoCad Revit MEP Suite 2011 Autodesk Ecotect Analysis... : 0658 Application for Autodesk Software (Annually Renewable...

14

Converting A High Performance Application to an Elastic Cloud Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Converting A High Performance Application to an Elastic Cloud Application Dinesh Rajan, Anthony in the cloud. We show that following these directives leads to an elastic implementation that has better implementation of replica exchange, a parallel tempering molecular dynamics application, to an elastic cloud

Thain, Douglas

15

Applications of bulk high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) can be broadly generalized into thin-film electronics, wire applications, and bulk applications. We consider bulk HTSs to include sintered or crystallized forms that do not take the geometry of filaments or tapes, and we discuss major applications for these materials. For the most part applications may be realized with the HTSs cooled to 77 K, and the properties of the bulk HTSs are often already sufficient for commercial use. A non-exhaustive list of applications for bulk HTSs includes trapped field magnets, hysteresis motors, magnetic shielding, current leads, and magnetic bearings. These applications are briefly discussed in this paper.

Hull, J.R.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Security Suites | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security Suites Available by Internet Service Providers Comcast Comcast offers the Norton Security Suite with antivirus and firewall software for your protection, for no additional...

17

A Software Architecture for High Level Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modular software platform for high level applications is under development at the National Synchrotron Light Source II project. This platform is based on client-server architecture, and the components of high level applications on this platform will be modular and distributed, and therefore reusable. An online model server is indispensable for model based control. Different accelerator facilities have different requirements for the online simulation. To supply various accelerator simulators, a set of narrow and general application programming interfaces is developed based on Tracy-3 and Elegant. This paper describes the system architecture for the modular high level applications, the design of narrow and general application programming interface for an online model server, and the prototype of online model server.

Shen,G.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

18

Potential applications of high temperature helium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the DOE MHTGR-SC program`s recent activity to improve the economics of the MHTGR without sacrificing safety performance and two potential applications of high temperature helium, the MHTGR gas turbine plant and a process heat application for methanol production from coal.

Schleicher, R.W. Jr.; Kennedy, A.J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Potential applications of high temperature helium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the DOE MHTGR-SC program's recent activity to improve the economics of the MHTGR without sacrificing safety performance and two potential applications of high temperature helium, the MHTGR gas turbine plant and a process heat application for methanol production from coal.

Schleicher, R.W. Jr.; Kennedy, A.J.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

High Explosives Application Facility | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Explosives Application Facility | National Nuclear Security Explosives Application Facility | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration High Explosives Application Facility Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Office of Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation > Office of Research and Development >

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improved Martensitic Steel for High Temperature Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Improved Martensitic Steel Improved Martensitic Steel for High Temperature Applications Opportunity Research is active on the patented technology, titled "Heat-Treated 9 Cr-1 Mo Steel for High Temperature Application." This technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). Overview The operating efficiency of coal-fired power plants is directly related to combustion system temperature and pressure. Incorporation of ultra- supercritical (USC) steam conditions into new or existing power plants can achieve increased efficiency and reduce coal consumption, while reducing carbon dioxide emissions as well as other pollutants. Traditionally used materials do not possess the optimal characteristics for operation

22

High Temperature Materials for Aerospace Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

below 430 ?C for exposure times up to 20 minutes. Transition-metal carbides were initially synthesized by carbothermal reduction of transition-metal halides and polymer precursor mixtures, at temperatures that range from 900 to 1500 ?C in an argon... ........................................ 20 2.3 Present/Future Aerospace Applications ......................................... 24 2.4 Ultra-High Temperature Materials ................................................. 27 2.4.1 Transition-Metal Carbides...

Adamczak, Andrea Diane

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

23

Assessment of microelectronics packaging for high temperature, high reliability applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report details characterization and development activities in electronic packaging for high temperature applications. This project was conducted through a Department of Energy sponsored Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between Sandia National Laboratories and General Motors. Even though the target application of this collaborative effort is an automotive electronic throttle control system which would be located in the engine compartment, results of this work are directly applicable to Sandia`s national security mission. The component count associated with the throttle control dictates the use of high density packaging not offered by conventional surface mount. An enabling packaging technology was selected and thermal models defined which characterized the thermal and mechanical response of the throttle control module. These models were used to optimize thick film multichip module design, characterize the thermal signatures of the electronic components inside the module, and to determine the temperature field and resulting thermal stresses under conditions that may be encountered during the operational life of the throttle control module. Because the need to use unpackaged devices limits the level of testing that can be performed either at the wafer level or as individual dice, an approach to assure a high level of reliability of the unpackaged components was formulated. Component assembly and interconnect technologies were also evaluated and characterized for high temperature applications. Electrical, mechanical and chemical characterizations of enabling die and component attach technologies were performed. Additionally, studies were conducted to assess the performance and reliability of gold and aluminum wire bonding to thick film conductor inks. Kinetic models were developed and validated to estimate wire bond reliability.

Uribe, F.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Organic vapor separation: Process design with regards to high-flux membranes and the dependence on real gas behavior at high pressure applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-flux membranes are well-suited for separating organic vapor from air. There are many applications for organic vapor recovery at tank farms. Here, the membrane technology is already considered as state of the art. However, new applications operating at higher pressures, e.g., water and hydrocarbon dewpointing of natural gas, real gas behavior, and the so-called concentration polarization effect have to be taken into account. Experimental investigations have been carried out and the results are presented. The performance of a membrane module is calculated considering real gas behavior.

Alpers, A.; Keil, B.; Luedtke, O.; Ohlrogge, K.

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Applications of High-Resolution Electrospray Ionization Mass...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Resolution Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry to Measurements of Average Oxygen to Carbon Ratios in Applications of High-Resolution Electrospray Ionization Mass...

26

Applications of High Energy Ion Beam Techniques in Environmental...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Energy Ion Beam Techniques in Environmental Science: Investigation Associated with Glass and Ceramic Waste Applications of High Energy Ion Beam Techniques in Environmental...

27

Application of high-throughput computing in bioinformatics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Issue New science from high-performance computing organized by Richard Catlow...bioinformatics database|high-performance computing| Application of high-throughput...bioinformatics database; high-performance computing 1. Introduction Organizing...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

SHARP: Reactor Performance and Safety Simulation Suite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SHARP SHARP Argonne National Laboratory's Reactor Performance and Safety Simulation Suite SHARP could save millions in nuclear reactor design and development... The Simulation-based High-efficiency Advanced Reactor Prototyping (SHARP) suite of codes enables virtual design and engineering of nuclear plant behavior that would be impractical from a traditional experimental approach. ...by leveraging the computational power of one of the world's most powerful supercomputers. Exploiting the power of Argonne Leadership Computing Facility's near-petascale computers, researchers have developed a set of simulation tools that provide a highly detailed description of the reactor core and the nuclear plant behavior. This enables the efficient and precise design of tomorrow's safe and clean nuclear energy sources.

29

Space suit simulator for partial gravity extravehicular activity experimentation and training  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During human space exploration, mobility is extremely limited when working inside a pressurized space suit. Astronauts perform extensive training on Earth to become accustomed to space suit-imposed high joint torques and ...

Gilkey, Andrea L. (Andrea Lynn)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

High-temperature superconductor applications development at Argonne National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Developments at Argonne National Laboratory of near and intermediate term applications using high-temperature superconductors are discussed. Near-term applications of liquid-nitrogen depth sensors, current leads, and magnetic bearings are discussed in detail.

Hull, J.R.; Poeppel, R.B.

1992-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

31

In Outer Space without a Space Suit?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The author proposes and investigates his old idea - a living human in space without the encumbrance of a complex space suit. Only in this condition can biological humanity seriously attempt to colonize space because all planets of Solar system (except the Earth) do not have suitable atmospheres. Aside from the issue of temperature, a suitable partial pressure of oxygen is lacking. In this case the main problem is how to satiate human blood with oxygen and delete carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide). The proposed system would enable a person to function in outer space without a space suit and, for a long time, without food. That is useful also in the Earth for sustaining working men in an otherwise deadly atmosphere laden with lethal particulates (in case of nuclear, chemical or biological war), in underground confined spaces without fresh air, under water or a top high mountains above a height that can sustain respiration.

Alexander Bolonkin

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

32

In Outer Space without a Space Suit?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The author proposes and investigates his old idea - a living human in space without the encumbrance of a complex space suit. Only in this condition can biological humanity seriously attempt to colonize space because all planets of Solar system (except the Earth) do not have suitable atmospheres. Aside from the issue of temperature, a suitable partial pressure of oxygen is lacking. In this case the main problem is how to satiate human blood with oxygen and delete carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide). The proposed system would enable a person to function in outer space without a space suit and, for a long time, without food. That is useful also in the Earth for sustaining working men in an otherwise deadly atmosphere laden with lethal particulates (in case of nuclear, chemical or biological war), in underground confined spaces without fresh air, under water or a top high mountains above a height that can sustain respiration.

Bolonkin, Alexander

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Future scientific applications for high-energy lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses future applications for high-energy lasers in the areas of astrophysics and space physics; hydrodynamics; material properties; plasma physics; radiation sources; and radiative properties.

Lee, R.W. [comp.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

High Temperature Superconducting Fault Current Limiter for Utility Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most near term High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) applications is the Fault Current Limiter (FCL). It is a device that...

E. M. W. Leung; G. W. Albert; M. Dew…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

High power fiber delivery for laser ignition applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present contribution provides a concise review of high power fiber delivery research for laser ignition applications. The fiber delivery requirements are discussed in terms of exit...

Yalin, Azer P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

High Bandgap Phosphide Approaches for LED Applications - Energy...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications A new approach to fabricating high-efficiency Amber LEDs National Renewable Energy Laboratory Contact NREL About This Technology Publications: PDF Document...

37

High density Ru nanocrystal deposition for nonvolatile memory applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High density Ru nanocrystal deposition for nonvolatile memory applications Damon B. Farmer School density optimizes the charge storing capability of the floating layer, while a high degree of size

38

Development of CSS-42L{trademark}, a high performance carburizing stainless steel for high temperature aerospace applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Today`s aerospace engineering challenges demand materials which can operate under conditions of temperature extremes, high loads and harsh, corrosive environments. This paper presents a technical overview of the on-going development of CSS-42L (US Patent No. 5,424,028). This alloy is a case-carburizable, stainless steel alloy suitable for use in applications up to 427 C, particularly suited to high performance rolling element bearings, gears, shafts and fasteners. The nominal chemistry of CSS-42L includes: (by weight) 0.12% carbon, 14.0% chromium, 0.60% vanadium, 2.0% nickel, 4.75% molybdenum and 12.5% cobalt. Careful balancing of these components combined with VIM-VAR melting produces an alloy that can be carburized and heat treated to achieve a high surface hardness (>58 HRC at 1mm (0.040 in) depth) with excellent corrosion resistance. The hot hardness of the carburized case is equal to or better than all competitive grades, exceeding 60 HRC at 427 C. The fracture toughness and impact resistance of the heat treated core material have likewise been evaluated in detail and found to be better than M50-NiL steel. The corrosion resistance has been shown to be equivalent to that of 440C steel in tests performed to date.

Burrier, H.I.; Milam, L. [Timken Co., Canton, OH (United States); Tomasello, C.M.; Balliett, S.A.; Maloney, J.L. [Latrobe Steel Co., Latrobe, PA (United States); Ogden, W.P. [MPB Corp., Lebanon, NH (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

39

Microfluidic Technologies for High-Throughput Screening Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microfluidic Technologies for High-Throughput Screening Applications Thesis by Todd Thorsen, patiently giving me advice on a large variety of subjects, ranging from microfluidics to optics of microfluidic devices for high-throughput screening applications, such as mutant enzyme libraries expressed

Quake, Stephen R.

40

High energy heavy ions: techniques and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pioneering work at the Bevalac has given significant insight into the field of relativistic heavy ions, both in the development of techniques for acceleration and delivery of these beams as well as in many novel areas of applications. This paper will outline our experiences at the Bevalac; ion sources, low velocity acceleration, matching to the synchrotron booster, and beam delivery. Applications discussed will include the observation of new effects in central nuclear collisions, production of beams of exotic short-lived (down to 1 ..mu..sec) isotopes through peripheral nuclear collisions, atomic physics with hydrogen-like uranium ions, effects of heavy ''cosmic rays'' on satellite equipment, and an ongoing cancer radiotherapy program with heavy ions. 39 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Alonso, J.R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Silicon detector for high rate EXAFS applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multichannel silicon pad detector for EXAFS (Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure) applications has been designed and built. The X-ray spectroscopic measurements demonstrate that an adequate energy resolution of 230 eV FWHM (corresponding to 27 rms electrons in silicon) can be achieved reliably at {minus}35 C. A resolution of 190 eV FWHM (corresponding to 22 rms electrons) has been obtained from individual pads at {minus}35 C. At room temperature (25 C) an average energy resolution of 380 eV FWHM is achieved and a resolution of 350 eV FWHM (41 rms electrons) is the best performance. A simple cooling system constituted of Peltier cells is sufficient to reduce the reverse currents of the pads and their related shot noise contribution, in order to achieve resolutions better than 300 eV FWHM which is adequate for the EXAFS applications.

Kraner, H.W.; Siddons, D.P.; Furenlid, L.R. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Bertuccio, G. [Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Dipt. di Elettronica e Informazione

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Cathode applications to high-current diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A principal limitation of pulse length for high electron current density diodes is the gap closure due to plasma propagation. This closure is due to plasma formed on the cathode and anode in the process of explosive field emission created by the required high field stresses of the high current diode. Experimental results of high current density T-F'' cathode and a plasma cathode will be presented. Current densities of greater than 300 A/cm2 were obtained for pulse lengths of 3 {mu}sec. Typical closure velocities were less than 2 mm/usec compared with the typical 2 cm/{mu}sec for explosive emission cathodes. 4 refs., 7 figs.

Pincosy, P.A.; Poulsen, P.; Greenwood, D.

1990-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Spectral and High-Order Methods with Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A.1 MATLABDifferentiation Matrix Suite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 ...... (a): Graphs of the first six Laguerre polynomials Ln(x) with 0 ? n ? 5 and x ? [0, 6]; (b): Graphs of.

2006-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

44

Design of a biomechanically synergistic exotendon suit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The focus of this thesis is on the design, development, and evaluation of a lightweight, exotendon suit for load carriage. The suit is intended to be worn underneath the wearer's own clothes for use in a military setting, ...

Graves, Carmen Marten-Ellis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Video performance for high security applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The complexity of physical protection systems has increased to address modern threats to national security and emerging commercial technologies. A key element of modern physical protection systems is the data presented to the human operator used for rapid determination of the cause of an alarm, whether false (e.g., caused by an animal, debris, etc.) or real (e.g., a human adversary). Alarm assessment, the human validation of a sensor alarm, primarily relies on imaging technologies and video systems. Developing measures of effectiveness (MOE) that drive the design or evaluation of a video system or technology becomes a challenge, given the subjectivity of the application (e.g., alarm assessment). Sandia National Laboratories has conducted empirical analysis using field test data and mathematical models such as binomial distribution and Johnson target transfer functions to develop MOEs for video system technologies. Depending on the technology, the task of the security operator and the distance to the target, the Probability of Assessment (PAs) can be determined as a function of a variety of conditions or assumptions. PAs used as an MOE allows the systems engineer to conduct trade studies, make informed design decisions, or evaluate new higher-risk technologies. This paper outlines general video system design trade-offs, discusses ways video can be used to increase system performance and lists MOEs for video systems used in subjective applications such as alarm assessment.

Connell, Jack C.; Norman, Bradley C.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

High-speed 850 and 980 nm VCSELs for High-Performance Computing Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ever growing demand for more bandwidth in high-performance computing (HPC) applications leads to a continuous replacement of traditional copper-based links by optical interconnects...

Mutig, Alex; Moser, Philip; Lott, James A; Wolf, Philip; Hofmann, Werner; Ledentsov, Nikolay N; Bimberg, Dieter

47

Application of high temperature superconductors for fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) materials in future fusion machines can increase the efficiency drastically. For ITER, W7-X and JT-60SA the economic benefit of HTS current leads was recognized after a 70 kA HTS current lead demonstrator was designed, fabricated and successfully tested by Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT, which is a merge of former Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe and University of Karlsruhe). For ITER, the Chinese Domestic Agency will provide the current leads as a part of the superconducting feeder system. KIT is in charge of design, construction and test of HTS current leads for W7-X and JT-60SA. For W7-X 14 current leads with a maximum current of 18.2 kA are required that are oriented with the room temperature end at the bottom. JT60-SA will need 26 current leads (20 leads @ 20 kA and 6 leads @ 25.7 kA) which are mounted in vertical, normal position. These current leads are based on BiSCCO HTS superconductors, demonstrating that HTS material is now state of the art for highly efficient current leads. With respect to future fusion reactors, it would be very promising to use HTS material not only in current leads but also in coils. This would allow a large increase of efficiency if the coils could be operated at temperatures ?65 K. With such a high temperature it would be possible to omit the radiation shield of the coils, resulting in a less complex cryostat and a size reduction of the machine. In addition less refrigeration power is needed saving investment and operating costs. However, to come to an HTS fusion coil it is necessary to develop low ac loss HTS cables for currents well above 20 kA at high fields well above 10 T. The high field rules BiSCCO superconductors out at temperatures above 50 K, but RE-123 superconductors are promising. The development of a high current, high field RE-123 HTS fusion cable will not be targeted outside fusion community and has to be in the frame of a long term development programme for DEMO. KIT has already demonstrated a scalable concept using RE-123 HTS tapes that are assembled to Roebel type conductors. This concept can be expanded to form Rutherford cables as starting point for a development of a high current fusion cable. The status and prospect of using HTS conductors for fusion is discussed.

W.H. Fietz; R. Heller; S.I. Schlachter; W. Goldacker

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Research Ethics Hicks Academic and Administration Building, Suite 231  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Ethics Hicks Academic and Administration Building, Suite 231 6299 South Street Halifax, NS, B3H 4R2 Updated: August 2012 Dalhousie Research Ethics Boards Guidance for Submitting an Application for Research Ethics Review ­ Undergraduate Students #12;Guidance - Undergraduate 2 Table of Contents SUBMISSION

Brownstone, Rob

49

Case Studies of High Efficiency Electric Motor Applicability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Much has been written about the advantages and disadvantages of high efficiency electric motors. For a given motor application it is possible to find literature that enables a plant engineer to make an informed choice between a standard efficiency...

Wagner, J. R.

50

High Performance Computing in Electrical Energy Systems Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents a review of the main application areas of high performance computing in electrical energy systems and introduces some results obtained with ... obtained with tests conducted using actual mod...

Djalma M. Falcao; Carmen L. T. Borges…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Optimization of a turbocharger for high EGR applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Approach to optimize single turbocharger operation to drive high-EGR efficiently, and extend operating range and efficiency of diesels in cost-sensitive and packaging-constrained light-duty applications

52

JEFFERSON LAB HIGH SCHOOL SUMMER HONORS PROGRAM Application Procedure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

JEFFERSON LAB HIGH SCHOOL SUMMER HONORS PROGRAM JEFFERSON LAB HIGH SCHOOL SUMMER HONORS PROGRAM Application Procedure Dear Student Applicant: To be eligible to participate in the Jefferson Lab High School Summer Honors Program, you must attend a local high school (within 60 miles of Jefferson Lab), be at least 16 years old by the start date of the program, be in good academic standing, and maintain at least a 3.3 grade point average. Students who are selected to participate in the Jefferson Lab High School Summer Honors Program are chosen on the basis of demonstrated skills and merit. Dependents of Jefferson Lab employees are not eligible for this program. The 2014 Jefferson Lab High School Summer Honors Program begins on June 23, 2014 and concludes on August 1, 2014. To apply to the Jefferson Lab High School Summer Honors Program, follow the

53

423A HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING/NUMERICAL The International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

423A HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMPUTING/NUMERICAL The International Journal of High Performance Computing and barriers in the development of high-performance computing (HPC) algorithms and software. The activity has computing, numerical analy- sis, roadmap, applications and algorithms, software 1 The High-performance

Higham, Nicholas J.

54

Low cost highly reliable telemetry module for space applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate a low cost highly reliable telemetry module design suitable for low orbit satellites based on commercial or industrial components. The proposed telemetry module configuration employs on shelf components to achieve 3 Kg weight, ... Keywords: highly reliable design, low orbit satellite, space application, telemetry module

Aladin S. Abdelaziz; Ahmed M. Mahmoud

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Advanced cathode material for high power applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In our efforts to develop low cost high-power Li-ion batteries with excellent safety, as well as long cycle and calendar life, lithium manganese oxide spinel and layered lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide cathode materials were investigated. Our studies with the graphite/LiPF{sub 6}/spinel cells indicated a very significant degradation of capacity with cycling at 55 C. This degradation was caused by the reduction of manganese ions on the graphite surface which resulted in a significant increase of the charge-transfer impedance at the anode/electrolyte interface. To improve the stability of the spinel, we investigated an alternative salt that would not generate HF acid that may attack the spinel. The alternative salt we selected for this work was lithium bisoxalatoborate, LiB(C{sub 2}O{sub 4}){sub 2} ('LiBoB'). In this case, the graphite/LiBoB/spinel Li-ion cells exhibited much improved cycle/calendar life at 55 C and better abuse tolerance, as well as excellent power. A second system based on LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} layered material was also investigated and its performance was compared to commercial LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2}. Cells based on LiNi{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2} showed lower power fade and better thermal safety than the LiNi{sub 0.8}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}O{sub 2}-based commercial cells under similar test conditions. Li-ion cells based on the material with excess lithium (Li{sub 1.1}Ni{sub 1/3}Co{sub 1/3}Mn{sub 1/3}O{sub 2}) exhibited excellent power performance that exceeded the FreedomCAR requirements.

Amine, K.; Belharouak, I.; Kang, S. H.; Liu, J.; Vissers, D.; Henriksen, G.; Chemical Engineering

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit for space habitation and exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) is a countermeasure suit for sensorimotor adaptation and musculoskeletal deconditioning in microgravity. The V2suit will consist of modules containing arrays of control ...

Vasquez, Rebecca (Rebecca Ann)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Right-Suite Residential for  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Right-Suite Residential for Windows Right-Suite Residential for Windows Right-Suite Residential for Windows logo. All-in-one HVAC software performs residential loads calculations, duct sizing, energy analysis, equipment selection, cost comparison calculations, and geothermal loop design. Also allows you to design your own custom proposals. Used for system design, for sales representation, and for quotation preparations. Buy only what you need. Unused functions are shipped as demos, so the program can grow with your needs. Keywords residential loads calculations, duct sizing, energy analysis, HVAC equipment selection, system design Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Knowledge of general HVAC concepts. High level of computer literacy not required. Users Over 10,000 users of Right-J loads.

58

High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications | Argonne Leadership  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications High-Order Surface Reconstruction and its Applications Event Sponsor: Mathematics and Computing Science Seminar Start Date: Dec 12 2013 - 10:30am Building/Room: Building 240/Room 4301 Location: Argonne National Laboratory Speaker(s): Navamita Ray Speaker(s) Title: Postdoc Interviewee - MCS Host: Tim Tautges Surface meshes are widely used by many numerical methods for solving partial differential equations. They not only represent computational grids for various discretization methods, but also are numerical objects in themselves. The accuracy of numerical methods, especially high-order methods, are highly dependent on the geometrical accuracy of the mesh as well as on that of differential or integral quantities defined over them. The situation is further complicated if the surface mesh does not have an

59

Silicide-matrix materials for high-temperature applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intermetallic-matrix composites are attractive alternatives to carbon/carbon and ceramic/ceramic composities for applications up to 1,600 C. Recent work on the intermetallic compounds MoSi2 and Ti5Si3 has included determination of their mechanical properties and deformation behavior, selection of thermodynamically compatible high-strength and ductile reinforcements, and strengthening and toughening mechanisms in silicide-matrix composites for high-temperature service. 11 refs.

Meschter, P.J.; Schwartz, D.S. (McDonnell Douglas Research Laboratories, Saint Louis, MO (USA))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: EEM Suite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EEM Suite EEM Suite EEM Suite Logo Enables large companies to proactively monitor, analyze and manage energy costs and consumption. EEM Suite combines analysis and reporting tools; real-time, event-driven alerts; and Web-based enterprise visibility into a single solution so users can control their energy costs and usage. EEM Suite leverages meter, billing, production, real-time price, rate and weather information to drive significant energy and water reductions. Users can control utility costs through timely identification of billing errors and overcharges, drive accountability through accurate cost allocation and tenant rebilling, monitor performance against budgets, predict energy requirements to assist in key operational activities planning, improve operational efficiency through continuous facility and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Low-cost, high-power mechanical impact transducers for sonar and acoustic through-wall surveillance applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new concept is presented for mechanical acoustic transmitters and matched resonant receivers. The lightweight, compact, and low-cost transmitters produce high-power acoustic pulses at one or more discrete frequencies with very little input power. The transducer systems are well suited for coupling acoustic pulse energy into dense media, such as walls and water. Applications of the impact transducers are discussed, including detection and tracking of humans through walls and long-duration underwater surveillance by a low-cost network of autonomous, self-recharging, battery-operated sonobuoys. A conceptual design of a sonobuoy surveillance network for harbors and littoral waters is presented. An impact-transmitter and matched-receiver system that detected human motion through thick walls with only rudimentary signal processing is described, and results are presented. Signal processing methods for increasing the signal-to-noise ratio by several tens of dB are discussed.

Felber, Franklin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

High concentration low wattage solar arrays and their applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Midway Labs currently produces a 335x concentrator module that has reached as high as 19{percent} active area efficiency in production. The current production module uses the single crystal silicon back contact SunPower cell. The National Renewable Energy Lab has developed a multi junction cell using GalnP/GaAs technologies. The high efficiency ({gt}30{percent}) and high cell voltage offer an opportunity for Midway Labs to develop a tracking concentrator module that will provide 24 volts in the 140 to 160 watt range. This voltage and wattage range is applicable to a range of small scale water pumping applications that make up the bulk of water pumping solar panel sales. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Hoffmann, R. [Midway Labs, Inc., 350 N. Ogden Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); OGallagher, J.; Winston, R. [University of Chicago (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Advanced High Energy and High Power Battery Systems for Automotive Applications Khalil Amine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geothermal 2.5 Wind 0.22 Solar 0.02 Coal 110 Natural Gas 107 Residential 50 Vehicle 39 Freight 40 Air 129.30am Advanced High Energy and High Power Battery Systems for Automotive Applications Khalil Amine electric drive Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEVs), long range electric vehi cle (EV) and sm art grid

Levi, Anthony F. J.

64

High-flux solar photon processes: Opportunities for applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall goal of this study was to identify new high-flux solar photon (HFSP) processes that show promise of being feasible and in the national interest. Electric power generation and hazardous waste destruction were excluded from this study at sponsor request. Our overall conclusion is that there is promise for new applications of concentrated solar photons, especially in certain aspects of materials processing and premium materials synthesis. Evaluation of the full potential of these and other possible applications, including opportunities for commercialization, requires further research and testing. 100 refs.

Steinfeld, J.I.; Coy, S.L.; Herzog, H.; Shorter, J.A.; Schlamp, M.; Tester, J.W.; Peters, W.A. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Application of High Powered Lasers to Perforated Completions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Congress on Applications of Laser & Electro-Optics Congress on Applications of Laser & Electro-Optics October 13 - 16, 2003, Jacksonville, Florida Application of High Powered Lasers to Perforated Completions Zhiyue Xu, Claude B. Reed and Keng H. Leong Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 R. A. Parker Parker Geoscience Consulting, LLC, 6346 Secrest Street, Arvada, CO 80403 R. M. Graves, Petroleum Engineering Department, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401 ABSTRACT As part of the process of drilling an oil or gas well, a steel production casing is often inserted to the bottom of the well and sealed with cement against the productive formation. Openings must be made through the steel casing wall and cement and into the rock formation to allow formation fluid to enter the well. Conventionally, a perforator is

66

Applications of high-temperature superconductors in power technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since the discovery of the first high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) in the late 1980s, many materials and families of materials have been discovered that exhibit superconductivity at temperatures well above 20?K. Of these, several families of HTSs have been developed for use in electrical power applications. Demonstration of devices such as motors, generators, transmission lines, transformers, fault-current limiters, and flywheels in which HTSs and bulk HTSs have been used has proceeded to ever larger scales. First-generation wire, made from bismuth-based copper oxides, was used in many demonstrations. The rapid development of second-generation wire, made by depositing thin films of yttrium-based copper oxide on metallic substrates, is expected to further accelerate commercial applications. Bulk HTSs, in which large single-grain crystals are used as basic magnetic components, have also been developed and have potential for electrical power applications.

John R Hull

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Automated structure solution with the PHENIX suite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant time and effort are often required to solve and complete a macromolecular crystal structure. The development of automated computational methods for the analysis, solution, and completion of crystallographic structures has the potential to produce minimally biased models in a short time without the need for manual intervention. The PHENIX software suite is a highly automated system for macromolecular structure determination that can rapidly arrive at an initial partial model of a structure without significant human intervention, given moderate resolution, and good quality data. This achievement has been made possible by the development of new algorithms for structure determination, maximum-likelihood molecular replacement (PHASER), heavy-atom search (HySS), template- and pattern-based automated model-building (RESOLVE, TEXTAL), automated macromolecular refinement (phenix. refine), and iterative model-building, density modification and refinement that can operate at moderate resolution (RESOLVE, AutoBuild). These algorithms are based on a highly integrated and comprehensive set of crystallographic libraries that have been built and made available to the community. The algorithms are tightly linked and made easily accessible to users through the PHENIX Wizards and the PHENIX GUI.

Terwilliger, Thomas C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zwart, Peter H [LBNL; Afonine, Pavel V [LBNL; Grosse - Kunstleve, Ralf W [LBNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Automated Structure Solution with the PHENIX Suite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant time and effort are often required to solve and complete a macromolecular crystal structure. The development of automated computational methods for the analysis, solution and completion of crystallographic structures has the potential to produce minimally biased models in a short time without the need for manual intervention. The PHENIX software suite is a highly automated system for macromolecular structure determination that can rapidly arrive at an initial partial model of a structure without significant human intervention, given moderate resolution and good quality data. This achievement has been made possible by the development of new algorithms for structure determination, maximum-likelihood molecular replacement (PHASER), heavy-atom search (HySS), template and pattern-based automated model-building (RESOLVE, TEXTAL), automated macromolecular refinement (phenix.refine), and iterative model-building, density modification and refinement that can operate at moderate resolution (RESOLVE, AutoBuild). These algorithms are based on a highly integrated and comprehensive set of crystallographic libraries that have been built and made available to the community. The algorithms are tightly linked and made easily accessible to users through the PHENIX Wizards and the PHENIX GUI.

Zwart, Peter H.; Zwart, Peter H.; Afonine, Pavel; Grosse-Kunstleve, Ralf W.; Hung, Li-Wei; Ioerger, Tom R.; McCoy, A.J.; McKee, Eric; Moriarty, Nigel; Read, Randy J.; Sacchettini, James C.; Sauter, Nicholas K.; Storoni, L.C.; Terwilliger, Tomas C.; Adams, Paul D.

2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

69

Diffraction Gratings for High-Intensity Laser Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scattering of light into wavelength-dependent discrete directions (orders) by a device exhibiting a periodic modulation of a physical attribute on a spatial scale similar to the wavelength of light has been the subject of study for over 200 years. Such a device is called a diffraction grating. Practical applications of diffraction gratings, mainly for spectroscopy, have been around for over 100 years. The importance of diffraction gratings in spectroscopy for the measurement of myriad properties of matter can hardly be overestimated. Since the advent of coherent light sources (lasers) in the 1960's, applications of diffraction gratings in spectroscopy have further exploded. Lasers have opened a vast application space for gratings, and apace, gratings have enabled entirely new classes of laser systems. Excellent reviews of the history, fundamental properties, applications and manufacturing techniques of diffraction gratings up to the time of their publication can be found in the books by Hutley (1) and more recently Loewen and Popov (2). The limited scope of this chapter can hardly do justice to such a comprehensive subject, so the focus here will be narrowly limited to characteristics required for gratings suitable for high-power laser applications, and methods to fabricate them. A particular area of emphasis will be on maximally-efficient large-aperture gratings for short-pulse laser generation.

Britten, J

2008-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

70

Hardware demonstration of high-speed networks for satellite applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the implementation results of a hardware demonstration utilizing the Serial RapidIO{trademark} and SpaceWire protocols that was funded by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL's) Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) office. This demonstration was one of the activities in the Modeling and Design of High-Speed Networks for Satellite Applications LDRD. This effort has demonstrated the transport of application layer packets across both RapidIO and SpaceWire networks to a common downlink destination using small topologies comprised of commercial-off-the-shelf and custom devices. The RapidFET and NEX-SRIO debug and verification tools were instrumental in the successful implementation of the RapidIO hardware demonstration. The SpaceWire hardware demonstration successfully demonstrated the transfer and routing of application data packets between multiple nodes and also was able reprogram remote nodes using configuration bitfiles transmitted over the network, a key feature proposed in node-based architectures (NBAs). Although a much larger network (at least 18 to 27 nodes) would be required to fully verify the design for use in a real-world application, this demonstration has shown that both RapidIO and SpaceWire are capable of routing application packets across a network to a common downlink node, illustrating their potential use in real-world NBAs.

Donaldson, Jonathon W.; Lee, David S.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

High Performance Computing: Needs and Application for Thailand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the overview of High Performance Computing, the required components, and its applications. Current state of the HPC researches and facilities in Thailand has also been reviewed along with the HPC related research conducted in Kasetsart University. In summary, HPC is a technology that has an impact on Thailand competitiveness. Yet, much more qualifed man-power and broader recognition of the field are desparately needed.

Yuen Poovarawan Putchong; Putchong Uthayopas

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

SAGA: A Simple API for Grid Applications -- High-Level ApplicationProgramming on the Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid technology has matured considerably over the past fewyears. Progress in both implementation and standardization is reaching alevel of robustness that enables production quality deployments of gridservices in the academic research community with heightened interest andearly adoption in the industrial community. Despite this progress, gridapplications are far from ubiquitous, and new applications require anenormous amount of programming effort just to see first light. A keyimpediment to accelerated deployment of grid applications is the scarcityof high-level application programming abstractions that bridge the gapbetween existing grid middle-ware and application-level needs. The SimpleAPI for Grid Applications (SAGA [1]) is a GGF standardization effort thataddresses this particular gap by providing a simple, stable, and uniformprogramming interface that integrates the most common grid programmingabstractions. These most common abstractions were identified through theanalysis of several existing and emerging Grid applications. In thisarticle, we present the SAGA effort, describe its relationship to otherGrid API efforts within the GGF community, and introduce the first draftof the API using some application programming examples.

Goodale, Tom; Jha, Shantenu; Kaiser, Hartmut; Kielmann, Thilo; Kleijer, Pascal; von Laszewski, Gregor; Lee, Craig; Merzky, Andre; Rajic,Hrabri; Shalf, John

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

Design, Implementation and Performance of Exponential Integrators for High Performance Computing Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interest in high performance computing would help popularizeIntegrators for High Performance Computing Applications Aapplied mathematics, high performance computing and computer

Loffeld, John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

NYU Electronic Suite for eBilling + ePayment For additional information, visit the Electronic Suite section on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NYU Electronic Suite for eBilling + ePayment For additional information, visit the Electronic Suite of options. This will link you to the secure eSuite website. If parents want to make an electronic check-check payment, parents must be invited by the student, to create an eSuite account. NYU's Electronic Suite

Mohri, Mehryar

75

Application Of High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal Exploration At The Salton Sea, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Application Of High-Resolution Thermal Infrared Sensors For Geothermal Exploration At The Salton Sea, California Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Salton Sea geothermal field straddles the southeast margin of the Salton Sea in California, USA. This field includes approximately 20km2 of mud volcanoes and mud pots and centered on the Mullet Island thermal anomaly. The area has been previously exploited for geothermal power; there are currently seven power plants in the area that produce 1000 MW. The field itself is relatively un-vegetated, which provides for unfettered

76

Dust accelerators and their applications in high-temperature plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The perennial presence of dust in high-temperature plasma and fusion devices has been firmly established. Dust inventory must be controlled, in particular in the next-generation steady-state fusion machines like ITER, as it can pose significant safety hazards and potentially interfere with fusion energy production. Much effort has been devoted to gening rid of the dust nuisance. We have recognized a number of dust-accelerators applications in magnetic fusion, including in plasma diagnostics, in studying dust-plasma interactions, and more recently in edge localized mode (ELM)'s pacing. With the applications in mind, we will compare various acceleration methods, including electrostatic, gas-drag, and plasma-drag acceleration. We will also describe laboratory experiments and results on dust acceleration.

Wang, Zhehui [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ticos, Catakin M [NILPRP, ROMANIA

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Non-graphite crucible for high temperature applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multi-piece crucible for high temperature applications comprises a tubular side wall member having a lip on the inside surface and a bottom member or members forming a container for containing a melt of a material during a high temperature melt-casting operations. The multi-piece design prevents cracking of the crucible or leakage of the melt from the crucible during the melt-casting operation. The lip of the tubular member supports the bottom member. The contacting surfaces where the lip of the tubular side wall member contacts the bottom member of the multi-piece crucible contains a ceramic sealing material. The ceramic sealing material forms a seal sufficient to prevent the melt of the material from leaking out of the multi-piece crucible during the melt-casting process. The multi-piece crucible is made of a material which is chemically inert to the melt and has structural integrity at the melting point temperature of the melt, or of a material coated with such a material. The multi-piece crucible is contained in a thermal can assembly of a high temperature induction furnace during a high temperature melt-casting operation. One embodiment of the multi-piece crucible comprises a tubular member having a vertical slot filled with a ceramic sealing material to provide expansion of the tubular member without cracking during the high temperature melt-casting operation. 9 figs.

Holcombe, C.E.; Pfeiler, W.A.

1996-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

78

Materials Physics Applications: The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Search National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, NHMFL Home About Us Organization DIVISION Materials Physics and Applications Division GROUPS Superconductivity Technology Center Condensed Matter and Magnet Science Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Materials Chemistry CONTACTS Group Leader Mike Hundley Director, NHMFL-PFF/Deputy Group Leader Chuck Mielke Head of Users Program Operations Jon Betts Professional Staff Assistant Julie T. Gallegos TA-03 Group Office TA-03, Building 0034, Room 101 Office Administrator Juanita Armijo TA-35 Group Office TA-35, Building 0127, Room C117 Office Administrator Angeline Willow 505-667-5032 National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Pulsed Field Facility The Pulsed Field Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico, is one of three campuses of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), the other two being at Florida State University, Tallahassee (continuous fields, magnetic resonance, and general headquarters) and the University of Florida ,Gainesville(ultra-low temperatures at high magnetic fields). The NHMFL is sponsored primarily by the National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research, with additional support from the State of Florida and the US Department of Energy.

79

High-speed Light Peak optical link for high energy applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Optical links provide high speed data transmission with low mass fibers favorable for applications in high energy experiments. We report investigation of a compact Light Peak optical engine designed for data transmission at 4.8 Gbps. The module is assembled with bare die VCSEL, PIN diodes and a control IC aligned within a prism receptacle for light coupling to fiber ferrule. Radiation damage in the receptacle was examined with 60Co gamma ray. Radiation induced single event effects in the optical engine were studied with protons, neutrons and X-ray tests.

F.X. Chang; F. Chiang; B. Deng; J. Hou; S. Hou; C. Liu; T. Liu; P.K. Teng; C.H. Wang; T. Xu; J. Ye

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

High power density AEM combustion for TPV applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various emitter designs and compositions are investigated to improve the performance and reduce the cost of thermophotovoltaic (TPV) devices. In order to maximize the overall system efficiency of combustion-powered TPV devices it is desirable to design an emitter system that will provide a high and uniform volumetric heat release producing a high intensity and uniform in-band photons flux thus enabling reduced size and weight of TPV generators. Quantum Group Inc. (QGI) has developed a high power density radiant burner/emitter technology which we have called Advanced Emissive Matrix (AEM). The AEM system is applicable to broad-band and narrow-band TPV approaches. Several AEM combustors-both broad-band and narrow-band-have been built tested and have consistently demonstrated extremely high power density (up to 30 W/cm3). Radiant emissions greater than 27 W/cm2 were measured from an AEM combustor fired with natural gas at 15% excess air. This level of radiant heat flux enables the utilization of concentrator-type PV cells which is a method of reducing cost size and weight of TPV devices. Additionally it was found that the AEM structure could be engineered to provide a desired radiant emission profile. The influence of the primary combustion parameters on emitter performance will also be presented. Therefore integration of the narrow-band emitter materials into an AEM combustor results in the delivery of high intensity selective and uniform photons to the PV cell face that improves TPV device performance.

Aleksandr S. Kushch; Steven M. Skinner

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Avalanche Photo-Detection for High Data Rate Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Avalanche photo detection is commonly used in applications which require single photon sensitivity. We examine the limits of using avalanche photo diodes (APD) for characterising photon statistics at high data rates. To identify the regime of linear APD operation we employ a ps-pulsed diode laser with variable repetition rates between 0.5MHz and 80MHz. We modify the mean optical power of the coherent pulses by applying different levels of well-calibrated attenuation. The linearity at high repetition rates is limited by the APD dead time and a non-linear response arises at higher photon-numbers due to multiphoton events. Assuming Poissonian input light statistics we ascertain the effective mean photon-number of the incident light with high accuracy. Time multiplexed detectors (TMD) allow to accomplish photon- number resolution by photon chopping. This detection setup extends the linear response function to higher photon-numbers and statistical methods may be used to compensate for non-linearity. We investigated this effect, compare it to the single APD case and show the validity of the convolution treatment in the TMD data analysis.

H. B. Coldenstrodt-Ronge; C. Silberhorn

2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

82

High Performance Computing - Power Application Programming Interface Specification.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measuring and controlling the power and energy consumption of high performance computing systems by various components in the software stack is an active research area [13, 3, 5, 10, 4, 21, 19, 16, 7, 17, 20, 18, 11, 1, 6, 14, 12]. Implementations in lower level software layers are beginning to emerge in some production systems, which is very welcome. To be most effective, a portable interface to measurement and control features would significantly facilitate participation by all levels of the software stack. We present a proposal for a standard power Application Programming Interface (API) that endeavors to cover the entire software space, from generic hardware interfaces to the input from the computer facility manager.

Laros, James H.,; Kelly, Suzanne M.; Pedretti, Kevin; Grant, Ryan; Olivier, Stephen Lecler; Levenhagen, Michael J.; DeBonis, David

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Scrap tire recycling: Promising high value applications. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface modification of scrap tire rubber (rubber particles treated with chlorine gas) show promise for ameliorating the scrap tire problem (the treated rubber can be used as a component in high- performance, expensive polymer systems). The process has been proven in Phase I. Phase II covers market/applications, process development (Forberg-design mixer reactor was chosen), plant design, capital cost estimate, economics environmental/safety/health, and energy impact. Almost of the small amount of chlorine is consumed. The capital costs for a rubber particle treatment facility are attractive, being at least two orders of magnitude less than that of facilities for making new polymer materials. Large volume markets using treated rubber are needed. The amount of scrap rubber available is small compared to the polymers available for replacement. 7 tabs, 16 figs.

Bauman, B.D.; Leskovyansky, P.J.; Drela, H.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Collaboration Suite Advanced Web Client User Guide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ZimbraTM Collaboration Suite Advanced Web Client User Guide Version 5.0 #12;Zimbra Web Client User Guide Copyright Notice Copyright © 2008 Zimbra, Inc. All rights reserved materials, onscreen publication, or Web documentation--is expressly forbidden. Zimbra and the Zimbra logo

Shepp, Larry

85

Prioritisation of test suites containing precedence constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Prioritisation of test suites containing precedence constraints Tim Miller Department@unimelb.edu.au Abstract--Test case prioritisation is the process of ordering the exe- cution of test cases to achieve a certain goal, such as increasing the rate of fault detection. Many existing test case prioritisation

Miller, Tim

86

BDP: BrainSuite Diffusion Pipeline  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BDP: BrainSuite Diffusion Pipeline Chitresh Bhushan #12; Quantify microstructural tissue ROI Connectivity ROI Statistics MPRAGE Diffusion #12;Diffusion Pipeline Dicom to NIfTI Co ROIs Custom ROIs #12;Diffusion Pipeline Dicom to NIfTI Co-registration Diffusion Modeling Tractography

Leahy, Richard M.

87

Copper coated carbon fiber reinforced plastics for high and ultra high vacuum applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used copper-coated carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CuCFRP) for the construction of high and ultra-high vacuum recipients. The vacuum performance is found to be comparable to typical stainless steel used for this purpose. In test recipients we have reached pressures of 2E-8 mbar and measured a desorption rate of 1E-11 mbar*liter/s/cm^2; no degradation over time (2 years) has been found. Suitability for baking has been found to depend on the CFRP production process, presumably on the temperature of the autoclave curing. Together with other unique properties of CuCFRP such as low weight and being nearly non-magnetic, this makes it an ideal material for many high-end vacuum applications.

Burri, F; Feusi, P; Henneck, R; Kirch, K; Lauss, B; Ruettimann, P; Schmidt-Wellenburg, P; Schnabel, A; Voigt, J; Zenner, J; Zsigmond, G

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Development of high temperature superconductors for magnetic field applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key requirement for magnetic field applications of high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials is to have conductors with high transport critical current density available for magnet builders. After 3 or 4 years of being without any such object, conductor makers have had recent success in producing simple conductor prototypes. These have permitted the construction of simple HTS magnets having self fields exceeding 1 tesla at 4K. Thus the scientific feasibility of making powerful HTS magnets has been demonstrated. Attention to the technological aspects of making HTS conductors for magnets with strong flux pinning and reduced superconducting granularity is now sensible and attractive. However, extrinsic defects such as filament sausaging, cracking, misaligned grains and other perturbation to long range current flow must be controlled at a low level if the benefit of intrinsic improvements to the critical current density is to be maintained in the conductor form. Due to the great complexity of the HTS materials, there is sometimes confusion as to whether a given sample has an intrinsically or extrinsically limited critical current density. Systematic microstructure variation experiments and resistive transition analysis are shown to be particularly helpful in this phase of conductor development.

Larbalestier, D.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Development of high temperature superconductors for magnetic field applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key requirement for magnetic field applications of high temperature superconductor (HTS) materials is to have conductors with high transport critical current density available for magnet builders. After 3 or 4 years of being without any such object, conductor makers have had recent success in producing simple conductor prototypes. These have permitted the construction of simple HTS magnets having self fields exceeding 1 tesla at 4K. Thus the scientific feasibility of making powerful HTS magnets has been demonstrated. Attention to the technological aspects of making HTS conductors for magnets with strong flux pinning and reduced superconducting granularity is now sensible and attractive. However, extrinsic defects such as filament sausaging, cracking, misaligned grains and other perturbation to long range current flow must be controlled at a low level if the benefit of intrinsic improvements to the critical current density is to be maintained in the conductor form. Due to the great complexity of the HTS materials, there is sometimes confusion as to whether a given sample has an intrinsically or extrinsically limited critical current density. Systematic microstructure variation experiments and resistive transition analysis are shown to be particularly helpful in this phase of conductor development.

Larbalestier, D.C.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

90

Applications of toroids in high-pressure NMR spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Toroid detectors have distinct NMR sensitivity and imaging advantages. The magnetic field lines are nearly completely contained within the active volume element of a toroid. This results in high NMR signal sensitivity. In addition, the toroid detector may be placed next to the metallic walls of a containment vessel with minimal signal loss due to magnetic coupling with the metal container. Thus, the toroid detector is ideal for static high pressure or continuous flow monitoring systems. Toroid NMR detectors have been used to follow the hydroformylation of olefins in supercritical fluids under industrial process conditions. Supercritical fluids are potentially ideal media for conducting catalytic reactions that involve gaseous reactants, including H{sub 2}, CO, and CO{sub 2}. The presence of a single homogeneous reaction phase eliminates the gas-liquid mixing problem of alternative two-phase systems, which can limit process rates and adversely affect hydroformylation product selectivities. A second advantage of toroid NMR detectors is that they exhibit a well-defined gradient in the rf field. This magnetic field gradient can be used for NMR imaging applications. Distance resolutions of 20 {mu} have been obtained.

Klingler, R.J.; Rathke, J.W.; Woelk, K. [and others

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

DiaSuite: a Tool Suite To Develop Sense/Compute/Control Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are then passed to controller operators that trigger actions on entities. For example, in home automation, an anti automation, robotics and avionics. Keywords: Domain-Specific Design Language, Tool-Based Development automation, robotics and avionics. This pattern consists of context operators fueled by sensing entities

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

92

Vision 21 applications of high performance power systems (HIPPS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The DOE/FETC-sponsored High Performance Power Systems (HIPPS) program headed by United Technologies Research Center has defined an indirectly-fired, coal-based combined-cycle power system design that achieves over 47% efficiency (HHV) using current power system technology. Additionally, advanced technology HIPPS using Humid Air Turbine (HAT) cycle gas turbines have been projected to have efficiencies approaching 55% (HHV). The HIPPS uses a High Temperature Advanced Furnace (HITAF) to preheat combustion turbine air to 925 C--1,150 C in a radiator section located in the furnace slagging zone and in a convection section located in the downstream portion. Additional heat for the turbine, if required in the cycle, is added by special low-NOx gas-fired combustors. A HITAF design has been successfully tested at the desired temperatures at the Energy and Environmental Research Center, Grand Forks, ND. The HIPPS concept with its advanced metallic air heater is a valuable technology candidate for Vision 21, the DOE's evolving plan to utilize coal and other fossil fuels in energy complexes producing power, chemicals, process heat and other byproducts. The HIPPS could be combined with other high efficiency components such as high temperature fuel cells, e.g., the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), resulting in hybrid power systems having overall electrical efficiencies greater than 60% (HHV) with significant energy input from coal or other solid fuel. These power plants would have near zero emissions with projected power costs below current coal-fired systems. Emissions of CO{sub 2}, an important greenhouse gas, will be drastically reduced by the higher efficiencies of HIPPS-based cycles. A very important early introduction application could result from the fact that HIPPS can be an attractive repowering technology. This would allow Vision 21 based technology to be applied to those plants that seek to continue using coal and other alternative solid fuels to capture the economic benefits of their low energy costs. Here, HIPPS adds high efficiency; increased capacity; load following and dispatching flexibility; as well as important environmental benefits to sites having existing fuel and transmission infrastructure.

Robson, F.L.; Ruby, J.D.; Seery, D.J.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Applications of high-speed dust injection to magnetic fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is now an established fact that a significant amount of dust is produced in magnetic fusion devices due to plasma-wall interactions. Dust inventory must be controlled, in particular for the next-generation steady-state fusion machines like ITER, as it can pose significant safety hazards and degrade performance. Safety concerns are due to tritium retention, dust radioactivity, toxicity, and flammability. Performance concerns include high-Z impurities carried by dust to the fusion core that can reduce plasma temperature and may even induce sudden termination of the plasma. We have recognized that dust transport, dust-plasma interactions in magnetic fusion devices can be effectively studied experimentally by injection of dust with known properties into fusion plasmas. Other applications of injected dust include diagnosis of fusion plasmas and edge localized mode (ELM)'s pacing. In diagnostic applications, dust can be regarded as a source of transient neutrals before complete ionization. ELM's pacing is a promising scheme to prevent disruptions and type I ELM's that can cause catastrophic damage to fusion machines. Different implementation schemes are available depending on applications of dust injection. One of the simplest dust injection schemes is through gravitational acceleration of dust in vacuum. Experiments at Los Alamos and Princeton will be described, both of which use piezoelectric shakers to deliver dust to plasma. In Princeton experiments, spherical particles (40 micron) have been dropped in a systematic and reproducible manner using a computer-controlled piezoelectric bending actuator operating at an acoustic (0,2) resonance. The circular actuator was constructed with a 2.5 mm diameter central hole. At resonance ({approx} 2 kHz) an applied sinusoidal voltage has been used to control the flux of particles exiting the hole. A simple screw throttle located {approx}1mm above the hole has been used to set the magnitude of the flux achieved for a given voltage. Particle fluxes ranging from a few tens of particle per second up to thousands of particles per second have been achieved using this simple device. To achieve higher dust injection speed, another key consideration is how to accelerate dust at controlled amount. In addition to gravity, other possible acceleration mechanisms include electrostatic, electromagnetic, gas-dragged, plasma-dragged, and laser-ablation-based acceleration. Features and limitations of the different acceleration methods will be discussed. We will also describe laboratory experiments on dust acceleration.

Wang, Zhehui [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Li, Yangfang [Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Germany

2012-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

94

RAPPORT: running scientific high-performance computing applications on the cloud  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...RAPPORT: running scientific high-performance computing applications on the cloud...for running scientific high-performance computing (HPC) software. The...platforms. cloud computing|high-performance computing|data-intensive research...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Integration of APECS and VE-Suite for Data Overlay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the design of advanced power generation facilities, process simulation tools are being utilized to model plant behavior and quickly analyze results. While such tools enable investigation of crucial aspects of plant design, typical commercial process simulators still do not explore some plant design information, including high-fidelity data from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of complex thermal and fluid flow phenomena, economics data used for policy decisions, operational data after the plant is constructed, and as-built information for use in as-designed models. Software tools must be created that allow disparate sources of information to be integrated for facilitating accurate and effective plant design. At the Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) has been developed as an integrated software suite that combines process simulation (e.g., Aspen Plus®) and high-fidelity equipment simulation (e.g., FLUENT®). In this paper, the integration of the high-fidelity CFD data with overall process data in a virtual power simulation environment will be described. More specifically, we will highlight VE-Suite, an open-source virtual engineering (VE) software toolkit, and its support of Aspen Plus® Hierarchy blocks via the VE-AspenUnit.

McCorkel, Doug (Iowa State University, Ames, IA); Bivins, Gerrick (Iowa State University, Ames, IA); Jordan, Terry; Bryden, Mark (Iowa State University, Ames, IA); Zitney, S.E.; Widmann, John (ANSYS, Lebanon, NH); Osawe, Maxwell

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Integration of APECS and VE-Suite for data overlay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the design of advanced power generation facilities, process simulation tools are being utilized to model plant behavior and quickly analyze results. While such tools enable investigation of crucial aspects of plant design, typical commercial process simulators still do not explore some plant design information, including high-fidelity data from computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of complex thermal and fluid flow phenomena, economics data used for policy decisions, operational data after the plant is constructed, and as-built information for use in as-designed models. Software tools must be created that allow disparate sources of information to be integrated for facilitating accurate and effective plant design. At the Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS) has been developed as an integrated software suite that combines process simulation (e.g., Aspen Plus®) and high-fidelity equipment simulation (e.g., FLUENT®). In this paper, the integration of the high-fidelity CFD data with overall process data in a virtual power simulation environment will be described. More specifically, we will highlight VE-Suite, an open-source virtual engineering (VE) software toolkit, and its support of Aspen Plus® Hierarchy blocks via the VE-AspenUnit.

McCorkel, D.; Bivins, G.; Jordan, T.; Bryden, M.; Zitney, S.; Widmann, J.; Osawe, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Application of Plasma Waveguides to High Energy Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The eventual success of laser-plasma based acceleration schemes for high-energy particle physics will require the focusing and stable guiding of short intense laser pulses in reproducible plasma channels. For this goal to be realized, many scientific issues need to be addressed. These issues include an understanding of the basic physics of, and an exploration of various schemes for, plasma channel formation. In addition, the coupling of intense laser pulses to these channels and the stable propagation of pulses in the channels require study. Finally, new theoretical and computational tools need to be developed to aid in the design and analysis of experiments and future accelerators. Here we propose a 3-year renewal of our combined theoretical and experimental program on the applications of plasma waveguides to high-energy accelerators. During the past grant period we have made a number of significant advances in the science of laser-plasma based acceleration. We pioneered the development of clustered gases as a new highly efficient medium for plasma channel formation. Our contributions here include theoretical and experimental studies of the physics of cluster ionization, heating, explosion, and channel formation. We have demonstrated for the first time the generation of and guiding in a corrugated plasma waveguide. The fine structure demonstrated in these guides is only possible with cluster jet heating by lasers. The corrugated guide is a slow wave structure operable at arbitrarily high laser intensities, allowing direct laser acceleration, a process we have explored in detail with simulations. The development of these guides opens the possibility of direct laser acceleration, a true miniature analogue of the SLAC RF-based accelerator. Our theoretical studies during this period have also contributed to the further development of the simulation codes, Wake and QuickPIC, which can be used for both laser driven and beam driven plasma based acceleration schemes. We will continue our development of advanced simulation tools by modifying the QuickPIC algorithm to allow for the simulation of plasma particle pick-up by the wake fields. We have also performed extensive simulations of plasma slow wave structures for efficient THz generation by guided laser beams or accelerated electron beams. We will pursue experimental studies of direct laser acceleration, and THz generation by two methods, ponderomotive-induced THz polarization, and THz radiation by laser accelerated electron beams. We also plan to study both conventional and corrugated plasma channels using our new 30 TW in our new lab facilities. We will investigate production of very long hydrogen plasma waveguides (5 cm). We will study guiding at increasing power levels through the onset of laser-induced cavitation (bubble regime) to assess the role played by the preformed channel. Experiments in direct acceleration will be performed, using laser plasma wakefields as the electron injector. Finally, we will use 2-colour ionization of gases as a high frequency THz source (<60 THz) in order for femtosecond measurements of low plasma densities in waveguides and beams.

Milchberg, Howard M

2013-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

HOME SCHOOLED APPLICANTS Home-schooled applicants are students who have completed their high school education either in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

24 HOME SCHOOLED APPLICANTS Home-schooled applicants are students who have completed their high school education either in part or completely at home. Pennsylvania Act 169 of 1988 permits parents, guardians, and legal custodians to teach their children at home. The parent or guardian has responsibility

Jiang, Huiqiang

99

Bio/Medical Applications Using High Definition 3-D Stereo Camera and Monitor System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we demonstrated high definition resolution stereoscopic microscope as bio/medical application and 24/40inch polarized-light stereoscopic display to improve the...

Kim, Nam

100

Improved Heat Transfer and Performance of High Intensity Combustion Systems for Reformer Furnace Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the above premise. The application of vortex stabilized high intensity burners for reformer furnaces in the petrochemical industry is then reviewed and emphasized....

Williams, F. D. M.; Kondratas, H. M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Transition Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Anchored Nanocarbon Hybrid Foam for High Performance Electrochemical Energy Storage Applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In real life applications, supercapacitors (SCs) often can only be used as part of a hybrid system together with other high energy storage devices due… (more)

Wang, Wei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Calibration and application of the `clumped isotope' thermometer to foraminifera for high-resolution climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calibration and application of the `clumped isotope' thermometer to foraminifera for high proxies. Here, we present a new calibration of the `clumped isotope' thermometer to foraminifera based

Gilli, Adrian

103

High temperature membranes for DMFC (and PEFC) applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on High temperature membranes for DMFCs (and PEFCs) to the High Temperature Membrane Working Group, May 25, 2004 in Philadelphia, PA.

104

UC DAVIS FORENSIC SCIENCE CENTER 1909 Galileo Court, Suite B  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UC DAVIS FORENSIC SCIENCE CENTER 1909 Galileo Court, Suite B Davis, CA 95618 Directions to the UC Davis Forensic Science Center: Exit I80 south on Richards Blvd. Richards Blvd. changes its name at the end of the court. Our office is on the right, Suite B. FORENSIC SCIENCE CENTER SUITE B Key Contact

Peisert, Sean

105

Robust and Flexible Error Handling in the AristaFlow BPM Suite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on novel error handling procedures and capabilities using the flexibility provided by ad-hoc changes applications and to study how adaptive process management technology can be applied to deal with errorsRobust and Flexible Error Handling in the AristaFlow BPM Suite Andreas Lanz, Manfred Reichert

Pfeifer, Holger

106

PHOTOACOUSTIC IMAGING AND HIGH INTENSITY FOCUSED ULTRASOUND IN BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical and acoustical technologies for biomedical devices have been developed rapidly in the past years. These non-invasive technologies are used for diagnostic and therapeutic studies with great potential for improving biomedical applications...

Jo, Janggu

2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

107

Advanced Boost System Developing for High EGR Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To support industry efforts of clean and efficient internal combustion engine development for passenger and commercial applications • This program focuses on turbocharger improvement for medium and light duty diesel applications, from complete system optimization percepective to enable commercialization of advanced diesel combustion technologies, such as HCCI/LTC. • Improve combined turbocharger efficiency up to 10% or fuel economy by 3% on FTP cycle at Tier II Bin 5 emission level.

Sun, Harold

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

High-Temperature High-Power Packaging Techniques for HEV Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key issue associated with the wider adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) and plug in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEV) is the implementation of the power electronic systems that are required in these products [1]. To date, many consumers find the adoption of these technologies problematic based on a financial analysis of the initial cost versus the savings available from reduced fuel consumption. Therefore, one of the primary industry goals is the reduction in the price of these vehicles relative to the cost of traditional gasoline powered vehicles. Part of this cost reduction must come through optimization of the power electronics required by these vehicles. In addition, the efficiency of the systems must be optimized in order to provide the greatest range possible. For some drivers, any reduction in the range associated with a potential HEV or PHEV solution in comparison to a gasoline powered vehicle represents a significant barrier to adoption and the efficiency of the power electronics plays an important role in this range. Likewise, high efficiencies are also important since lost power further complicates the thermal management of these systems. Reliability is also an important concern since most drivers have a high level of comfort with gasoline powered vehicles and are somewhat reluctant to switch to a less proven technology. Reliability problems in the power electronics or associated components could not only cause a high warranty cost to the manufacturer, but may also taint these technologies in the consumer's eyes. A larger vehicle offering in HEVs is another important consideration from a power electronics point of view. A larger vehicle will need more horsepower, or a larger rated drive. In some ways this will be more difficult to implement from a cost and size point of view. Both the packaging of these modules and the thermal management of these systems at competitive price points create significant challenges. One way in which significant cost reduction of these systems could be achieved is through the use of a single coolant loop for both the power electronics as well as the internal combustion engine (ICE) [2]. This change would reduce the complexity of the cooling system which currently relies on two loops to a single loop [3]. However, the current nominal coolant temperature entering these inverters is 65 C [3], whereas a normal ICE coolant temperature would be much higher at approximately 100 C. This change in coolant temperature significantly increases the junction temperatures of the devices and creates a number of challenges for both device fabrication and the assembly of these devices into inverters and converters for HEV and PHEV applications. With this change in mind, significant progress has been made on the use of SiC devices for inverters that can withstand much higher junction temperatures than traditional Si based inverters [4,5,6]. However, a key problem which the single coolant loop and high temperature devices is the effective packaging of these devices and related components into a high temperature inverter. The elevated junction temperatures that exist in these modules are not compatible with reliable inverters based on existing packaging technology. This report seeks to provide a literature survey of high temperature packaging and to highlight the issues related to the implementation of high temperature power electronic modules for HEV and PHEV applications. For purposes of discussion, it will be assumed in this report that 200 C is the targeted maximum junction temperature.

Barlow, F.D.; Elshabini, A.

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

109

A Deeply Pipelined CABAC Decoder for HEVC Supporting Level 6.2 High-tier Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) is the latest video coding standard that specifies video resolutions up to 8K Ultra-HD (UHD) at 120 fps to support the next decade of video applications. This results in high-throughput ...

Chen, Yu-Hsin

110

ARIES NDA Suite: Fully-integrated and automated nuclear material assay system for measurement of special nuclear materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Retirement and Integrated Extraction System (ARIES) mission the demonstration of advanced technologies for the integrated dismantlement of surplus nuclear weapon components (pits) and the packaging of the recovered plutonium into long-term storage containers. The unclassified plutonium product is suitable for traditional international safeguards, as well as other potential inspection regimes. As indicated in the recent Secretary of Energy`s Record of Decision (ROD), this unclassified excess material is anticipated to be offered for international safeguards under the US Voluntary Offer (INFCIRC/288) performed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (TAEA). The ARIES nondestructive assay (NDA) suite offers state-of-the-art capabilities that provide highly accurate, precise material assay meeting IAEA bias defect measurement levels. Because of these levels of performance, the requirement of destructive analysis is largely removed. The unique combination of automation and high accuracy suggests the possibility of dual-use operator-owned IAEA authenticated instrumentation. Finally, the concept of continuous unattended monitoring for international safeguards applications with the ARIES NDA suite is intriguing and may encourage additional deployments of similar NDA systems internationally or elsewhere within the DOE complex.

Fearey, B.L.; Sampson, T.E.; Cremers, T.L.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Simulation Model of Common-Mode Chokes for High-Power Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation Model of Common-Mode Chokes for High-Power Applications A. Muetze C. R. Sullivan Found;Simulation Model of Common-Mode Chokes for High-Power Applications Charles R. Sullivan Annette Muetze Thayer simulation models for nanocrystalline cores, and compare the results to experimental measurements. We also

112

Notices Disabled, 1401 S. Clark Street, Suite  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

13 Federal Register 13 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 240 / Friday, December 13, 2013 / Notices Disabled, 1401 S. Clark Street, Suite 10800, Arlington, Virginia 22202-4149. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Barry S. Lineback, Telephone: (703) 603-7740, Fax: (703) 603-0655, or email CMTEFedReg@AbilityOne.gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Addition On 6/28/2013 (78 FR 38952-38953), the Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled published notice of proposed addition to the Procurement List. After consideration of the material presented to it concerning capability of qualified nonprofit agency to provide the service and impact of the addition on the current or most recent contractors, the Committee has determined that the service listed below is suitable for procurement by the

113

A Lemon Cell Battery for High-Power Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The target application is the power source of a dc electric motor for a model car constructed by first-year engineering students as part of their introductory course design project and competition. ... Dilution of the lemon juice to reduce the rate of corrosion of the magnesium anode and the addition of table salt to reduce the internal resistance of the cell are examined. ... Elementary / Middle School Science ...

Kenneth R. Muske; Christopher W. Nigh; Randy D. Weinstein

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

A high-speed hysteresis motor spindle for machining applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analysis of suitable drive technologies for use in a new high-speed machining spindle was performed to determine critical research areas. The focus is on a hysteresis motor topology using a solid, inherently-balanced ...

Bayless, Jacob D. (Jacob Daniel)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

High Temperature Superconducting Racetrack Coils for Electric Motor Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Superconductor Corporation (ASC) has designed and fabricated racetrack-shaped field coils from PbBSSCO-2223 high temperature superconducting (HTS) wire for a 125 HP, four-pole motor currently being devel...

J. P. Voccio; C. B. Prum; M. J. Navarro…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Cryocooler Applications for High-Temperature Superconductor Magnetic Bearings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency and stability of rotational magnetic suspension systems are enhanced by the use of high-temperature superconductor (HTS) magnetic bearings. Fundamental aspects of ... aspects to be considered are i...

R. C. Niemann; J. R. Hull

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Applications of highly spin-polarized xenon in NMR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main goal of the work presented in this thesis is produce highly spin-polarized xenon to create much greater signal intensities (up to 54,000 times greater) so as to allow studies to be made on systems with low surface area and long spin-lattice relaxation times. The spin-exchange optical pumping technique used to create high nuclear spin polarization is described in detail in chapter two. This technique is initially applied to some multiple-pulse optically detected NMR experiments in low magnetic field (50G) that allow the study of quadrupoler interactions with a surface of only a few square centimeters. In chapter three the apparatus used to allow high field {sup 129}Xe NMR studies to be performed with extremely high sensitivity is described and applied to experiments on diamagnetic susceptibility effects in thin ({approximately}2000 layers) films of frozen xenon. Preliminary surface investigations of laser polarized {sup 129}Xe adsorbed an a variety of materials (salts, molecular crystals, amorphous carbon, graphite) are then discussed. A full detailed study of the surface of a particular polymer, poly(acrylic acid), is presented in chapter four which shows the kind of detailed information that can be obtained from this technique. Along with preliminary results for several similar polymers, a summary is given of xenon studies of a novel ultra-high surface area polymer, poly(triarylcarbinol). Finally in chapter five the exciting possibility of transferring the high spin order of the laser polarized xenon has been used to transfer nuclear spin order to {sup 13}CO{sub 2} in a xenon matrix and to protons on poly(triarylcarbinol).

Long, H.W. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Sintering and properties of Ultra High Temperature Ceramics for aerospace applications J.F. Justin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thermal shock resistance and makes them ideal for many high-temperature thermal applications : France (2013)" #12;for example, a high thermal conductivity reduces thermal stress within the material-francois.justin@onera.fr ABSTRACT The Ultra High Temperature Ceramics (UHTCs) represent a very interesting family of materials

119

The Global Health Group 50 Beale Street, Suite 1200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Global Health Group 50 Beale Street, Suite 1200 San Francisco, CA 94105, USA tel: 415 Global Health Group Offices, 50 Beale Street, San Francisco, CA. Contact

Klein, Ophir

120

Application for Middle and High School Science Teachers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the Willamette Valley and --new ways to teach ecology to students? Want to learn in the field as well Valley Watershed Partnership Project (WVWPP) Willamette Valley Watershed Partnership Project, 2006-07 #12) institute July 17-July 21 and August 14-18, 2006 8:00 to 4:00 daily at West Salem High School that combines

Ford, Jesse

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Resilient Workflows for Cooperative Design Application of Distributed High-Performance Scientific Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Resilient Workflows for Cooperative Design Application of Distributed High-Performance Scientific-Antoine.Desideri@sophia.inria.fr Abstract--This paper describes an approach to extend process modeling for engineering design applications the traditional fault-tolerance management features provided by the existing hardware and distributed systems

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Bayesian Models for Spatial Extremes Application to inferring high values of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bayesian Models for Spatial Extremes Application to inferring high values of ground-level ozone by the National Science Foundation (NSF) #12;Outline · Background to Ozone Application · Background to Extreme Value Analysis ­ Two approaches: 1. Model all of the data, and look at extremes. 2. Only model

Gilleland, Eric

123

Research and Application of FlexRay High-Speed Bus on Transformer Substation Automation System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through researching FlexRay high-speed bus technology, this paper auxiliary builds electric power system hardware interface standards and software application layer standards. Meanwhile, this paper also realizes ...

Hui Li; Hao Zhang; Daogang Peng

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Methodology and applications of high resolution solid-state NMR to structure determination of proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A number of methodological developments and applications of solid-state NMR for assignment and high resolution structure determination of microcrystalline proteins and amyloid fibrils are presented. Magic angle spinning ...

Lewandowski, Józef Romuald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

High Speed Pumps Are No Longer Limited to Low Flow Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historically, the high-speed centrifugal pump was developed prior to World War II for rocket engine fuel pump applications for its advantages of light weight, compactness and dry running capability. Industrial derivatives were introduced in the 60’s...

Burke, P. Y.

126

Applications of heat pipes for high thermal load beam lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high flux beam produced by insertion devices often requires special heat removal techniques. For the optical elements used in such high thermal load beam lines, the required precision demands a highly accurate design. Heat pipe cooling of critical elements of the X-1 beam line at the National Synchrotron Light Source is described. This method reduces vibrations caused by water cooling systems and simplifies the design. In some of these designs, deposited heat must be transferred through unbonded contact interfaces. A pinhole assembly and a beam position monitor designed for the X-1 beam line both transfer heat through such interfaces in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. The fundamental design objective is that of removing the heat with minimal interface thermal resistance. We present our test method and results for measuring the thermal resistance across metallic interfaces as a function of contact pressure. The design of some devices which utilize both heat pipes and thermal contact interfaces will also be described. 12 refs., 8 figs.

Shu, D.; Mortazavi, P.; Rarback, H.; Howells, M.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

High-Performance Computing for Advanced Smart Grid Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The power grid is becoming far more complex as a result of the grid evolution meeting an information revolution. Due to the penetration of smart grid technologies, the grid is evolving as an unprecedented speed and the information infrastructure is fundamentally improved with a large number of smart meters and sensors that produce several orders of magnitude larger amounts of data. How to pull data in, perform analysis, and put information out in a real-time manner is a fundamental challenge in smart grid operation and planning. The future power grid requires high performance computing to be one of the foundational technologies in developing the algorithms and tools for the significantly increased complexity. New techniques and computational capabilities are required to meet the demands for higher reliability and better asset utilization, including advanced algorithms and computing hardware for large-scale modeling, simulation, and analysis. This chapter summarizes the computational challenges in smart grid and the need for high performance computing, and present examples of how high performance computing might be used for future smart grid operation and planning.

Huang, Zhenyu; Chen, Yousu

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

128

Evaluation of high strength, high conductivity CuNiBe alloys for fusion energy applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The unirradiated tensile properties for several different heats and thermomechanical treatment conditions of precipitation strengthened Hycon 3HPTM CuNiBe (Cu-2%Ni-0.35%Be in wt.%) have been measured over the temperature range of 20-500 C for longitudinal and long transverse orientations. The room temperature electrical conductivity has also been measured for several heats, and the precipitate microstructure was characterized using transmission electron microscopy. The CuNiBe alloys exhibit very good combination of strength and conductivity at room temperature, with yield strengths of 630-725 MPa and electrical conductivities of 65-72% International Annealed Copper Standard (IACS). The strength remained relatively high at all test temperatures, with yield strengths of 420-520 MPa at 500 C. However, low levels of ductility (<5% uniform elongation) were observed at test temperatures above 200-250 C, due to flow localization near grain boundaries (exacerbated by having only 10-20 grains across the gage thickness of the miniaturized sheet tensile specimens). Scanning electron microscopy observation of the fracture surfaces found a transition from ductile transgranular to ductile intergranular fracture with increasing test temperature. Fission neutron irradiation to a dose of ~0.7 displacements per atom (dpa) at temperatures between 100 and 240 C produced a slight increase in strength and a significant decrease in ductility. The measured tensile elongation increased with increasing irradiation temperature, with a uniform elongation of ~3.3% observed at 240 C. The electrical conductivity decreased slightly following irradiation, due to the presence of defect clusters and Ni, Zn, Co transmutation products. Considering also previously published fracture toughness data, this indicates that CuNiBe alloys have irradiated tensile and electrical properties comparable or superior to CuCrZr and oxide dispersion strengthened copper at temperatures <250 C, and may be an attractive candidate for certain fusion energy structural applications. Conversely, CuNiBe may not be preferred at intermediate temperatures of 250-500 C due to the poor ductility and fracture toughness of CuNiBe alloys at temperatures >250 C. The potential deformation mechanisms responsible for the transition from transgranular to intergranular fracture are discussed. The possible implications for other precipitation hardened alloys such as nickel based superalloys are briefly discussed.

Zinkle, Steven J [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

High power linear pulsed beam annealer. [Patent application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high power pulsed electron beam system for annealing semiconductors is comprised of an electron gun having a heated cathode, control grid and focus ring for confining the pulsed beam of electrons to a predetermined area, and a curved drift tube. The drift tube and an annular Faraday shield between the focus ring and the drift tube are maintained at a high positive voltage with respect to the cathode to accelerate electrons passing through the focus ring, thereby eliminating space charge limitations on the emission of electrons from said gun. A coil surrounding the curved drift tube provides a magnetic field which maintains the electron beam focused about the axis of the tube. The magnetic field produced by the coil around the curved tube imparts motion to electrons in a spiral path for shallow penetration of the electrons into a target. It also produces a scalloped profile of the electron beam. A second drift tube spaced a predetermined distance from the curved tube is positioned with its axis aligned with the axis of the first drift tube. The second drift tube and the target holder are maintained at a reference voltage between the cathode voltage and the curved tube voltage to decelerate the electrons. A second coil surrounding the second drift tube, maintains the electron beam focused about the axis of the second drift tube. The magnetic field of the second coil comprises the electron beam to the area of the semiconductor on the target holder.

Strathman, M.D.; Sadana, D.K.; True, R.B.

1980-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

130

Fiber optic current monitor for high-voltage applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A current monitor which derives its power from the conductor being measured for bidirectionally measuring the magnitude of current (from DC to above 50 khz) flowing through a conductor across which a relatively high level DC voltage is applied, includes a pair of identical transmitter modules connected in opposite polarity to one another in series with the conductor being monitored, for producing from one module a first light signal having an intensity directly proportional to the magnitude of current flowing in one direction through the conductor during one period of time, and from the other module a second light signal having an intensity directly proportional to the magnitude of current flowing in the opposite direction through the conductor during another period of time, and a receiver located in a safe area remote from the high voltage area for receiving the first and second light signals, and converting the same to first and second voltage signals having levels indicative of the magnitude of current being measured at a given time.

Renda, George F. (Plainsboro, NJ)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Test Suite Prioritization by Interaction Coverage Renee C. Bryce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Suite Prioritization by Interaction Coverage Ren´ee C. Bryce Computer Science University event sequences. Managing the size of tests suites for EDS is diffi- cult as the number of event combinations and sequences grow ex- ponentially with the number of events. We propose a new test- ing technique

Bryce, Renee

132

Test Suite Prioritization by Interaction Coverage Renee C. Bryce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Suite Prioritization by Interaction Coverage Ren´ee C. Bryce Computer Science University event sequences. Managing the size of tests suites for EDS is dif- ficult as the number of possible event combinations and sequences grow exponentially with the number of events. We propose a new testing

Memon, Atif M.

133

Soft Magnetic Materials in High-Frequency, High-Power Conversion Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Voltage DC (HVDC) technologies aim to improve the effi- ciency of power networks and benefit from high

McHenry, Michael E.

134

9 Cr-- 1 Mo steel material for high temperature application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

One or more embodiments relates to a high-temperature, titanium alloyed, 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibiting improved creep strength and oxidation resistance at service temperatures up to 650.degree. C. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel has a tempered martensite microstructure and is comprised of both large (0.5-3 .mu.m) primary titanium carbides and small (5-50 nm) secondary titanium carbides in a ratio of. from about 1:1.5 to about 1.5:1. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel may be fabricated using exemplary austenizing, rapid cooling, and tempering steps without subsequent hot working requirements. The 9 Cr-1 Mo steel exhibits improvements in total mass gain, yield strength, and time-to-rupture over ASTM P91 and ASTM P92 at the temperature and time conditions examined.

Jablonski, Paul D; Alman, David; Dogan, Omer; Holcomb, Gordon; Cowen, Christopher

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

High efficiency rare-earth emitter for thermophotovoltaic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we propose a rare-earth-based ceramic thermal emitter design that can boost thermophotovoltaic (TPV) efficiencies significantly without cold-side filters at a temperature of 1573?K (1300?°C). The proposed emitter enhances a naturally occurring rare earth transition using quality-factor matching, with a quarter-wave stack as a highly reflective back mirror, while suppressing parasitic losses via exponential chirping of a multilayer reflector transmitting only at short wavelengths. This allows the emissivity to approach the blackbody limit for wavelengths overlapping with the absorption peak of the rare-earth material, while effectively reducing the losses associated with undesirable long-wavelength emission. We obtain TPV efficiencies of 34% using this layered design, which only requires modest index contrast, making it particularly amenable to fabrication via a wide variety of techniques, including sputtering, spin-coating, and plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition.

Sakr, E. S.; Zhou, Z.; Bermel, P., E-mail: pbermel@purdue.edu [Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, 1205 W. State St., West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

High Resolution Atmospheric Modeling for Wind Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability of the WRF atmospheric model to forecast wind speed over the Nysted wind park was investigated as a function of time. It was found that in the time period we considered (August 1-19, 2008), the model is able to predict wind speeds reasonably accurately for 48 hours ahead, but that its forecast skill deteriorates rapidly after 48 hours. In addition, a preliminary analysis was carried out to investigate the impact of vertical grid resolution on the forecast skill. Our preliminary finding is that increasing vertical grid resolution does not have a significant impact on the forecast skill of the WRF model over Nysted wind park during the period we considered. Additional simulations during this period, as well as during other time periods, will be run in order to validate the results presented here. Wind speed is a difficult parameter to forecast due the interaction of large and small length scale forcing. To accurately forecast the wind speed at a given location, the model must correctly forecast the movement and strength of synoptic systems, as well as the local influence of topography / land use on the wind speed. For example, small deviations in the forecast track or strength of a large-scale low pressure system can result in significant forecast errors for local wind speeds. The purpose of this study is to provide a preliminary baseline of a high-resolution limited area model forecast performance against observations from the Nysted wind park. Validating the numerical weather prediction model performance for past forecasts will give a reasonable measure of expected forecast skill over the Nysted wind park. Also, since the Nysted Wind Park is over water and some distance from the influence of terrain, the impact of high vertical grid spacing for wind speed forecast skill will also be investigated.

Simpson, M; Bulaevskaya, V; Glascoe, L; Singer, M

2010-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

137

Novel Gas Sensors for High-Temperature Fossil Fuel Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

SRI International (SRI) is developing ceramic-based microsensors to detect exhaust gases such as NO, NO{sub 2}, and CO in advanced combustion and gasification systems under this DOE NETL-sponsored research project. The sensors detect the electrochemical activity of the exhaust gas species on catalytic electrodes attached to a solid state electrolyte and are designed to operate at the high temperatures, elevated pressures, and corrosive environments typical of large power generation exhausts. The sensors can be easily integrated into online monitoring systems for active emission control. The ultimate objective is to develop sensors for multiple gas detection in a single package, along with data acquisition and control software and hardware, so that the information can be used for closed-loop control in novel advanced power generation systems. This report details the Phase I Proof-of-Concept, research activities performed from October 2003 to March 2005. SRI's research work includes synthesis of catalytic materials, sensor design and fabrication, software development, and demonstration of pulse voltammetric analysis of NO, NO{sub 2}, and CO gases on catalytic electrodes.

Palitha Jayaweera; Francis Tanzella

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

PowerPack: Energy Profiling and Analysis of High-Performance Systems and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based nodes, and then provide in-depth analyses of the energy consumption of parallel applications on clusters and energy are primary concerns in modern high- performance computing system design. Operational costs power and energy consumption in high-performance systems, including each component's electrical

139

Development of a Beowulf-Class High Performance Computing System for Computational Science Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Beowulf cluster computing technology, the Ateneo High Performance Computing Group has developed a high performance computing system consisting of eight compute nodes. Called the AGILA HPCS this Beowulf cluster computer is designed for computational science applications. In this paper, we present the motivation for the AGILA HPCS and some results on its performance evaluation.

Rafael Saldaña; Jerrold Garcia; Felix Muga Ii; William Yu

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

High Power, High Voltage FETs in Linear Applications: A User's Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The specifications of the current crop of highpower, high-voltage field-effect transistors (FETs) can lure a designer into employing them in high-voltage DC equipment. Devices with extremely low on-resistance and very high power ratings are available from several manufacturers. However, our experience shows that high-voltage, linear operation of these devices at near-continuous duty can present difficult reliability challenges at stress levels well-below their published specifications. This paper chronicles the design evolution of a 600 volt, 8 ampere shunt regulator for use with megawatt-class radio transmitters, and presents a final design that has met its reliability criteria.

N. Greenough, E. Fredd, S. DePasquale

2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Application of High-Temperature High-Resolution Gas Chromatography to the Analysis of ?-Cyclodextrin Derivatives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......tures such as a lower cost and higher reso lution...using enantioselective gas chromatog raphy with mass...ature high resolution gas chromatography to paraffinic deposits in petroleum production pipelines. J. High Res...Injection in Capillary Gas Chromatography; with......

Alberto dos Santos Pereira; Edson Ferreira da Silva; Francisco Radler de Aquino Neto

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

A High-Performance Embedded Hybrid Methodology for Uncertainty Quantification With Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiphysics processes modeled by a system of unsteady di#11;erential equations are natu- rally suited for partitioned (modular) solution strategies. We consider such a model where probabilistic uncertainties are present in each module of the system and represented as a set of random input parameters. A straightforward approach in quantifying uncertainties in the predicted solution would be to sample all the input parameters into a single set, and treat the full system as a black-box. Although this method is easily parallelizable and requires minimal modi#12;cations to deterministic solver, it is blind to the modular structure of the underlying multiphysical model. On the other hand, using spectral representations polynomial chaos expansions (PCE) can provide richer structural information regarding the dynamics of these uncertainties as they propagate from the inputs to the predicted output, but can be prohibitively expensive to implement in the high-dimensional global space of un- certain parameters. Therefore, we investigated hybrid methodologies wherein each module has the exibility of using sampling or PCE based methods of capturing local uncertainties while maintaining accuracy in the global uncertainty analysis. For the latter case, we use a conditional PCE model which mitigates the curse of dimension associated with intru- sive Galerkin or semi-intrusive Pseudospectral methods. After formalizing the theoretical framework, we demonstrate our proposed method using a numerical viscous ow simulation and benchmark the performance against a solely Monte-Carlo method and solely spectral method.

Iaccarino, Gianluca

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

High Rate and High Capacity Li-Ion Electrodes for Vehicular Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant advances in both energy density and rate capability for Li-ion batteries are necessary for implementation in electric vehicles. We have employed two different methods to improve the rate capability of high capacity electrodes. For example, we previously demonstrated that thin film high volume expansion MoO{sub 3} nanoparticle electrodes ({approx}2 {micro}m thick) have a stable capacity of {approx}630 mAh/g, at C/2 (charge/dicharge in 2 hours). By fabricating thicker conventional electrodes, an improved reversible capacity of {approx}1000 mAh/g is achieved, but the rate capability decreases. To achieve high-rate capability, we applied a thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} atomic layer deposition coating to enable the high volume expansion and prevent mechanical degradation. Also, we recently reported that a thin ALD Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} coating can enable natural graphite (NG) electrodes to exhibit remarkably durable cycling at 50 C. Additionally, Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} ALD films with a thickness of 2 to 4 {angstrom} have been shown to allow LiCoO{sub 2} to exhibit 89% capacity retention after 120 charge-discharge cycles performed up to 4.5 V vs. Li/Li{sup +}. Capacity fade at this high voltage is generally caused by oxidative decomposition of the electrolyte or cobalt dissolution. We have recently fabricated full cells of NG and LiCoO{sub 2} and coated both electrodes, one or the other electrode as well as neither electrode. In creating these full cells, we observed some surprising results that lead us to obtain a greater understanding of the ALD coatings. In a different approach we have employed carbon single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) to synthesize binder-free, high-rate capability electrodes, with 95 wt.% active materials. In one case, Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} nanorods are employed as the active storage anode material. Recently, we have also employed this method to demonstrate improved conductivity and highly improved rate capability for a LiNi{sub 0.4}Mn{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} cathode material. Raman spectroscopy was employed to understand how the SWNTs function as a highly flexible conductive additive.

Dillon, A. C.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Microwave power thin film resistors for high frequency and high power load applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The authors report a power-dividing-based microwave power thin film resistor (MPTFR) that exhibits high operating frequency and high power load. The MPTFR is comprised of substrate ground electrodes two TaN resistive films power dividing circuit and signal input port. The experimental results show that the voltage standing wave ratio of the MPTFR is lower than 1.6 in the band of 3.4–7.4 GHz and 8.2–9.8 GHz. The power load of the MPTFR is 200 W. The experimental data are in good agreement with the electromagnetic simulations.

H. C. Jiang; X. Si; W. L. Zhang; C. J. Wang; B. Peng; Y. R. Li

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SunAngle Professional Suite  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SunAngle Professional Suite SunAngle Professional Suite SunAngle Professional logo. More sophisticated, robust, and well-documented version of SunAngle for people interested in better understanding the calculation methodology or developing their own solar angle calculation tools. The Professional Suite includes well-documented HTML/JavaScript and Microsoft Excel versions of SunAngle, plus a detailed technical manual explaining how to perform all of the underlying calculations. Screen Shots Keywords sun angle, solar calculator Validation/Testing Outputs of the SunAngle Professional Suite were compared to published standard sources of solar angle data; this is documented in the SunAngle Technical Manual. Expertise Required Knowledge of HTML, JavaScript, and/or Microsoft Excel, if the user wishes

146

2011 TAU power grid simulation contest: Benchmark suite and results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Benchmark suite is an immensely useful tool in performing research since it allows for rapid and clear comparison between different approaches to solving CAD problems. Technology scaling with decrease in supply voltage, increase in power density and ...

Zhuo Li; Raju Balasubramanian; Frank Liu; Sani Nassif

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

THE PERRYMAN GROUP 510 N. Valley Mills Dr., Suite 300  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE PERRYMAN GROUP 510 N. Valley Mills Dr., Suite 300 Waco, TX 76710 ph. 254.751.9595, fax 254 by The Perryman Group Introduction The University of Texas at Arlington (UT Arlington or UTA) has long been

Huang, Haiying

148

Mechanical counter-pressure space suit design using active materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical counter-pressure (MCP) space suits have the potential to greatly improve the mobility of astronauts as they conduct planetary exploration activities; however, the underlying technologies required to provide ...

Holschuh, Bradley Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Global Health Group 50 Beale Street, Suite 1200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Global Health Group 50 Beale Street, Suite 1200 San Francisco, CA 94105, USA tel: 415 ­ May 2014, with the possibility of extension. Location: UCSF Global Health Group Offices, 50 Beale

Derisi, Joseph

150

High-current-density, high brightness cathodes for free electron laser applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics: brightness and emittance of electron beams and cathodes; general requirements for cathodes in high brightness electron guns; candidate cathode types; plasma and field emission cathodes; true field emission cathodes; oxide cathodes; lanthanum hexaborides cathodes; laser driven thermionic cathodes; laser driven photocathodes; impregnated porous tungsten dispenser cathodes; and choice of best performing cathode types.

Green, M.C. (Varian Associates, Palo Alto, CA (USA). Palo Alto Microwave Tube Div.)

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Licence 1 -Parcours Bio Formulaire sur les suites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: " (+) - (+) ", " 1 0 ", " 0 � ", " ", " 0 0 ", " 0 ", " 0 ", " 00 ", " 0 ". 5 Limites et in´egalit´es Th´eor l . Th´eor`eme 5.2 Soient (un) et (vn) deux suites. Si lim un = + et si il existe N N tel que (n N vn un) alors lim vn = + Th´eor`eme 5.3 Soient (un), (vn) et (wn) trois suites et l un r´eel. Si lim

Frénod, Emmanuel

152

Suit filed to block sale of Love Canal homes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Suit filed to block sale of Love Canal homes ... New York's attorney general has filed suit against the Love Canal Area Revitalization Agency and its chairman to block the sale or lease of six of the 450 homes in Ring 3, the so-called Emergency Declaration Area around the Love Canal hazardous waste dump in Niagara Falls. ... Folly or not, in May the revitalization agency decided that no harm would result from the rehabilitation and reoccupancy of the six homes. ...

1985-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Ambulatory infusion suite: pre- and post-occupancy evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, London W1T 3JH, UK Building Research & Information Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/rbri20 Ambulatory infusion suite: pre- and post-occupancy evaluation Mardelle Mc... published: 08 Aug 2012. To cite this article: Mardelle McCuskey Shepley , Zofia Rybkowski , Jennifer Aliber & Cathleen Lange (2012): Ambulatory infusion suite: pre- and post-occupancy evaluation, Building Research & Information, 40:6, 700-712 To link...

Shepley, Mardelle McCuskey; Rybkowski, Zofia; Aliber, Jennifer; Lange, Cathleen

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

154

High-Pressure Phase Equilibria of Ionic Liquids and Compressed Gases for Applications in Reactions and Absorption Refrigeration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of high-melting solids not liquids at processing conditions. Coupling ionic liquids with compressed gases systems may overcome most of these difficulties for their applications in separations, reactions, materials processing and engineering applications...

Ren, Wei

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

155

Application technologies for effective utilization of advanced high strength steel sheets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, application of high strength steel sheets for automobiles has increased in order to meet a demand of light weighting of automobiles to reduce a carbon footprint while satisfying collision safety. The formability of steel sheets generally decreases with the increase in strength. Fracture and wrinkles tend to occur easily during forming. The springback phenomenon is also one of the issues which we should cope with, because it makes it difficult to obtain the desired shape after forming. Advanced high strength steel sheets with high formability have been developed in order to overcome these issues, and at the same time application technologies have been developed for their effective utilization. These sheets are normally used for cold forming. As a different type of forming, hot forming technique has been developed in order to produce parts with ultra high strength. In this report, technologies developed at NSSMC in this field will be introduced.

Suehiro, Masayoshi, E-mail: suehiro.kp5.masayoshi@jp.nssmc.com [Steel Research Laboratories, Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation, 20-1 Shintomi, Futtsu, Chiba 293-8511 (Japan)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

156

The MeDICi Integration Framework: A Platform for High Performance Data Streaming Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building high performance analytical applications for data streams generated from sensors is a challenging software engineering problem. Such applications typically comprise a complex pipeline of processing components that capture, transform and analyze the incoming data stream. In addition, applications must provide high throughput, be scalable, and easily modifiable so that new analytical components can be added with minimum effort. In this paper we describe the MeDICi Integration Framework (MIF), which is a middleware platform we have created to address these challenges. The MIF extends an open source messaging platform with a component-based API for integrating components into analytical pipelines. We describe the features and capabilities of the MIF, and show how it has been used to build a production analytical application for detecting cyber security attacks. The application was composed from multiple independently developed components using several different programming languages. The resulting application was able to process network sensor traffic in real time and provide insightful feedback to network analysts as soon as potential attacks were recognized.

Gorton, Ian; Wynne, Adam S.; Almquist, Justin P.; Chatterton, Jack

2008-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

157

A Family of L-band SRF Cavities for High Power Proton Driver Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent global interest in high duty factor or CW superconducting linacs with high average beam power highlights the need for robust and reliable SRF structures capable of delivering high average RF power to the beam with moderate HOM damping, low interception of halo and good efficiency. Potential applications include proton or H- drivers for spallation neutron sources, neutrino physics, waste transmutation, subcritical reactors, and high-intensity high-energy physics experiments. We describe a family of SRF cavities with a range of Betas capable of transporting beam currents in excess of 10 mA CW with large irises for minimal interception of halo and HOM and power couplers capable of supporting high average power operation. Goals include an efficient cell shape, high packing factor for efficient real-estate gradient and strong HOM damping to ensure stable beam operation,

Robert Rimmer, Frank Marhauser

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

A wide bandgap silicon carbide (SiC) gate driver for high-temperature and high-voltage applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Limitations of silicon (Si) based power electronic devices can be overcome with Silicon Carbide (SiC) because of its remarkable material properties. SiC is a wide bandgap semiconductor material with larger bandgap, lower leakage currents, higher breakdown electric field, and higher thermal conductivity, which promotes higher switching frequencies for high power applications, higher temperature operation, and results in higher power density devices relative to Si [1]. The proposed work is focused on design of a SiC gate driver to drive a SiC power MOSFET, on a Cree SiC process, with rise/fall times (less than 100 ns) suitable for 500 kHz to 1 MHz switching frequency applications. A process optimized gate driver topology design which is significantly different from generic Si circuit design is proposed. The ultimate goal of the project is to integrate this gate driver into a Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charger module. The application of this high frequency charger will result in lighter, smaller, cheaper, and a more efficient power electronics system.

Lamichhane, Ranjan [University of Arkansas; Ericson, Milton Nance [ORNL; Frank, Steven Shane [ORNL; BRITTONJr., CHARLES L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Mantooth, Alan [University of Arkansas; Francis, Matt [APEI, Inc.; Shepherd, Dr. Paul [University of Arkansas; Glover, Dr. Michael [University of Arkansas; Podar, Mircea [ORNL; Perez, M [University of Arkansas; Mcnutt, Tyler [APEI, Inc.; Whitaker, Mr. Bret [APEI, Inc.; Cole, Mr. Zach [APEI, Inc.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Prospects of High Temperature Superconductors for fusion magnets and power applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract During the last few years, progress in the field of second-generation High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) was breathtaking. Industry has taken up production of long length coated REBCO conductors with reduced angular dependency on external magnetic field and excellent critical current density jc. Consequently these REBCO tapes are used more and more in power application. For fusion magnets, high current conductors in the kA range are needed to limit the voltage during fast discharge. Several designs for high current cables using High Temperature Superconductors have been proposed. With the REBCO tape performance at hand, the prospects of fusion magnets based on such high current cables are promising. An operation at 4.5 K offers a comfortable temperature margin, more mechanical stability and the possibility to reach even higher fields compared to existing solutions with Nb3Sn which could be interesting with respect to DEMO. After a brief overview of HTS use in power application the paper will give an overview of possible use of HTS material for fusion application. Present high current HTS cable designs are reviewed and the potential using such concepts for future fusion magnets is discussed.

Walter H. Fietz; Christian Barth; Sandra Drotziger; Wilfried Goldacker; Reinhard Heller; Sonja I. Schlachter; Klaus-Peter Weiss

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

COSMIC-RAY MUON TOMOGRAPHY AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE DETECTION OF HIGH-Z MATERIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The mean energy of the muons at the ground is about 4 GeV. The integral 1 #12;intensity of vertical muons change their directions due to the multiple scattering, lose their energy and finally get stopped. A muonCOSMIC-RAY MUON TOMOGRAPHY AND ITS APPLICATION TO THE DETECTION OF HIGH-Z MATERIALS Konstantin

Kurien, Susan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Design of an ambient aerosol sampling system for high and medium speed applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two ambient sampling systems were designed and tested for high speed sampling application for a wind speed range of 4.47 m/s to 26.82 m/s. These systems will be used as inlets for sampling of bioaerosol from air. These systems consist of shrouded...

Irshad, Hammad

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

Analyzing the Energy-Time Trade-Off in High-Performance Computing Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyzing the Energy-Time Trade-Off in High-Performance Computing Applications Vincent W. Freeh that the energy-time trade-off can be dynamically adjusted. This paper analyzes the energy-time trade either the memory subsystem or another node. This paper investigates the trade-off between energy

Lowenthal, David

163

High tunability barium strontium titanate thin films for rf circuit applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High tunability barium strontium titanate thin films for rf circuit applications N. K. Pervez,a) P) Large variations in the permittivity of rf magnetron sputtered thin-film barium strontium titanate have/cm. © 2004 American Institute of Physics. [DOI: 10.1063/1.1818724] Barium strontium titanate (BST) is a solid

York, Robert A.

164

MERLOT: a model for flow and heat transfer through porous media for high heat flux applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MERLOT: a model for flow and heat transfer through porous media for high heat flux applications A Abstract Fusion power plant studies have found helium to be an attractive coolant based on its safety tend to provide modest heat transfer performance due to their inherently low heat capacity and heat

Raffray, A. René

165

(INVITED PAPER) SiGe/Si-Based Optoelectronic Devices for High-Speed Communication Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(INVITED PAPER) SiGe/Si-Based Optoelectronic Devices for High-Speed Communication ApplicationsGe/Si-based optoelectronic devices are described. These include photodiodes, photoreceivers and modulators. In There is immense interest in the realization of Si-based optoelectronic devices, optoelectronic integrated circuits

Rieh, Jae-Sung

166

Performance Analysis of a Hybrid Asymmetric Multilevel Inverter for High Voltage Active Power Filter Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Performance Analysis of a Hybrid Asymmetric Multilevel Inverter for High Voltage Active Power voltage-source inverters connected in series (known as cascaded hybrid asymmetric multilevel inverter voltage application due to semiconductor constraint. In order to achieve higher power level, hybrid

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

167

IMiniature Integrated Payload Suites 2010 Phase II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exchange Membrane (PEM) water-electrolysis fuel cell supplies gH2/gO2 to a simple pressure-fed thruster pointing to enable the low-cost CubeSat platform to be used to conduct high-performance missions. The Power-Isp fuel. Second, a deployable solar array that stows along the long sides of the CubeSat and deploys

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - arithmtiques des suites Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

arithmtiques des suites Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: arithmtiques des suites Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 TORSEURS ARITHMTIQUES...

169

Assessing the operational life of flexible printed boards intended for continuous flexing applications : a case study.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the vehicle of a case study, this paper describes in detail how the guidance found in the suite of IPC (Association Connecting Electronics Industries) publications can be applied to develop a high level of design assurance that flexible printed boards intended for continuous flexing applications will satisfy specified lifetime requirements.

Beck, David Franklin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

A Survey of High-Quality Computational Libraries and their Impactin Science and Engineering Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, a number of important scientific and engineering problems have been successfully studied and solved by means of computational modeling and simulation. Many of these computational models and simulations benefited from the use of available software tools and libraries to achieve high performance and portability. In this article, we present a reference matrix of the performance of robust, reliable and widely used tools mapped to scientific and engineering applications that use them. We aim at regularly maintaining and disseminating this matrix to the computational science community. This matrix will contain information on state-of-the-art computational tools, their applications and their use.

Drummond, L.A.; Hernandez, V.; Marques, O.; Roman, J.E.; Vidal, V.

2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

171

Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Results From The Alum 25-29 Well, Nevada Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Selecting The Optimal Logging Suite For Geothermal Reservoir Evaluation- Results From The Alum 25-29 Well, Nevada Details Activities (6) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: This paper presents the results of analysis of a state of the art set of wireline petrophysical and wellbore image logs recorded in the Alum 25-29 well, southwestern Nevada. The Alum well penetrated nearly 2000 ft (610 m) of volcano-clastic rocks and more than 1000 ft of basement, separated from the sediments by a shallowly dipping detachment fault. The logs were acquired both to characterize the site and also to select the

172

A compact transport and charge model for GaN-based high electron mobility transistors for RF applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gallium Nitride (GaN)-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are rapidly emerging as front-runners in high-power mm-wave circuit applications. For circuit design with current devices and to allow sensible future ...

Radhakrishna, Ujwal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Ge doped GaN with controllable high carrier concentration for plasmonic applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Controllable Ge doping in GaN is demonstrated for carrier concentrations of up to 2.4?×?10{sup 20} cm{sup ?3}. Low temperature luminescence spectra from the highly doped samples reveal band gap renormalization and band filling (Burstein-Moss shift) in addition to a sharp transition. Infrared ellipsometry spectra demonstrate the existence of electron plasma with an energy around 3500?cm{sup ?1} and a surface plasma with an energy around 2000?cm{sup ?1}. These findings open possibilities for the application of highly doped GaN for plasmonic devices.

Kirste, Ronny; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Sachet, Edward; Bobea, Milena; Bryan, Zachary; Bryan, Isaac; Maria, Jon-Paul; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-7919 (United States); Nenstiel, Christian; Hoffmann, Axel [Institut f?r Festkörperphsyik, TU-Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)] [Institut f?r Festkörperphsyik, TU-Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, 10623 Berlin (Germany)

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

174

Biotechnology Industry Organization 1201 Maryland Avenue SW, Suite 900  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biotechnology Industry Organization 1201 Maryland Avenue SW, Suite 900 Washington DC 20024 Contact, but are manufactured from renewable resources. Recent advances in biotechnology are now making it possible are home to much of the world's leading industrial biotechnology, which enables the creation of a wide

175

Office of International Education Savant Building, Suite 211  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office of International Education Savant Building, Suite 211 Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0284 PHONE: 404 Participant FROM: Stephanie Bullard Education Abroad Assistant, Office of International Education RE that GT programs do not currently sponsor. If you intend to transfer credit back to GT for courses your

Li, Mo

176

Kelly Services 1600 Valley River Drive, Suite 170  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kelly Services® 1600 Valley River Drive, Suite 170 Eugene, OR 97401 Phone: 541.687.9558 Fax: 541 put them on our payroll Experience 1946 ­ Present Kelly Services, Troy, MI We are a global, single to achieve results. We transform workforce challenges into opportunities. 1957 ­ Present Kelly Services

Oregon, University of

177

Using Dependency Structures for Prioritisation of Functional Test Suites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using Dependency Structures for Prioritisation of Functional Test Suites Shifa-e-Zehra Haidry, Australia. 3 Abstract--Test case prioritisation is the process of ordering the exe- cution of test cases software delivery. Many existing test case prioritisation techniques consider that tests can be run in any

Miller, Tim

178

PARENTE SUITE USER'S GUIDE (c) 1994-97  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Marriage Networks 5/97 (c) 1991-97 Douglas R. White. Shareware Registration: $10US, 15DM or 50FF You-Calc, and various other utility programs for an evaluation period of up to 45 days. If you wish to continue using Parente Suite after 45 days, you must register by sending $10 to Douglas R. White, Social Science Plaza

White, Douglas R.

179

CBR Fermenter Suite Frequently asked questions: Updated Jun 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and antifoam/label). Water/drain system and centralized gas station (N2, O2, and air) provide cooling water equipment is available? Our suite has Pichia Station Bacterial Station F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 Vessel size and gas to individual fermenters in need. For Pichia fermentation, additional two pumps (one for methanol

Strynadka, Natalie

180

Towards the Integration of APECS and VE-Suite for Virtual Power Plant Co-Simulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Process modeling and simulation tools are widely used for the design and operation of advanced power generation systems. These tools enable engineers to solve the critical process systems engineering problems that arise throughout the lifecycle of a power plant, such as designing a new process, troubleshooting a process unit or optimizing operations of the full process. To analyze the impact of complex thermal and fluid flow phenomena on overall power plant performance, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) has developed the Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator (APECS). The APECS system is an integrated software suite that combines process simulation (e.g., Aspen Plus) and high-fidelity equipment simulations such as those based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD), together with advanced analysis capabilities including case studies, sensitivity analysis, stochastic simulation for risk/uncertainty analysis, and multi-objective optimization. In this paper we discuss the initial phases of the integration of the APECS system with the immersive and interactive virtual engineering software, VE-Suite, developed at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory. VE-Suite uses the ActiveX (OLE Automation) controls in the Aspen Plus process simulator wrapped by the CASI library developed by Reaction Engineering International to run process/CFD co-simulations and query for results. This integration represents a necessary step in the development of virtual power plant co-simulations that will ultimately reduce the time, cost, and technical risk of developing advanced power generation systems.

Zitney, S.E.; McCorkle, D. (Iowa State University, Ames, IA); Yang, C. (Reaction Engineering International, Salt Lake City, UT); Jordan, T.; Swensen, D. (Reaction Engineering International, Salt Lake City, UT); Bryden, M. (Iowa State University, Ames, IA)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Evaluation of Phenylnaphthalenes as Heat Transfer Fluids for High Temperature Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermodynamic properties of 1- and 2-phenyl substituted polyaromatic hydrocarbons have been measured and estimated under conditions relevant to heat transport applications almost to the critical point. Densities, vapor pressures, and heat capacity measurements were used to derive critical temperature, pressure and density for the phenylnaphthalenes. The thermal and radiolytic stability of 1-phenylnaphthalene was examined using thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetery, and gamma irradiation. Low vapor pressure and resistance to thermal decomposition may make phenylnaphthalenes suitable for heat transfer applications involving parabolic solar collectors. In particular, 1-phenylnaphthalene has an advantage over high temperature inorganic salts for applications up to 800 K because it is a liquid at temperatures at or close to ambient. Thermal cycling would have to be restricted to temperatures below the critical point to avoid degradation of the fluid. Radiation stability was also tested by a 100 kGy irradiation of 1-phenylnaphthalene in a Co-60 irradiator. NMR analysis indicated 1.7 mol.% degradation, which although lower than observed for tributylphosphate/kerosene benchmark fluids for nuclear applications, is higher than that seen in imidazolium ionic liquids.

McFarlane, Joanna [ORNL; Luo, Huimin [ORNL; Garland, Marc A [ORNL; Steele, William V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Application of LBB to high energy pipings of a pressurized water reactor in Korea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of the leak before break (LBB) technology to the newly constructed pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been approved in Korea for several high energy systems that can meet rigorous acceptance criteria. The LBB application in Korea is based on the US Nuclear Regulatory Commision (USNRC) requirements. The purpose of the LBB evaluation is to eliminate the dynamic effects associated with the postulated double-ended guillotine break (DEGB) from design basis loads, as well as to eliminate pipe whip restraints and jet impingement barriers. There were several issues on the application of LBB to the primary coolant loop and the pressurizer surge line. Of concern were the material properties for the carbon steel for the primary coolant loop, estimation of the crack opening area at the pipe-to-nozzle interface considering the asymmetry, and the leakage crack size which barely meets the required margin of 2 for the surge line, etc. Some additional work was required by the safety authority to maintain the global safety of the plant at a sufficient level. This paper describes the regulatory application of LBB in Korea, and the issues encountered during the regulatory review.

Jeong-Bae Lee; Young Hwan Choi

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Application  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Application These capabilities are our science and engineering at work for the national security interest in areas...

184

PBMR as an Ideal Heat Source for High-Temperature Process Heat Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) is an advanced helium-cooled, graphite-moderated High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR). A 400 MWt PBMR Demonstration Power Plant (DPP) for the production of electricity is being developed in South Africa. This PBMR technology is also an ideal heat source for process heat applications, including Steam Methane Reforming, steam for Oil Sands bitumen recovery, Hydrogen Production and co-generation (process heat and/or electricity and/or process steam) for petrochemical industries. The cycle configuration used to transport the heat of the reactor to the process plant or to convert the reactor's heat into electricity or steam directly influences the cycle efficiency and plant economics. The choice of cycle configuration depends on the process requirements and is influenced by practical considerations, component and material limitations, maintenance, controllability, safety, performance, risk and cost. This paper provides an overview of the use of a PBMR reactor for process applications and possible cycle configurations are presented for applications which require high temperature process heat and/or electricity. (authors)

Correia, Michael; Greyvenstein, Renee [PBMR - Pty Ltd., 1279 Mike Crawford Avenue, Centurion, 0046 (South Africa); Silady, Fred; Penfield, Scott [Technology Insights, 6540 Lusk Blvd, Suite C-102, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Engineering High Performance Service-Oriented Pipeline Applications with MeDICi  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The pipeline software architecture pattern is commonly used in many application domains to structure a software system. A pipeline comprises a sequence of processing steps that progressively transform data to some desired outputs. As pipeline-based systems are required to handle increasingly large volumes of data and provide high throughput services, simple scripting-based technologies that have traditionally been used for constructing pipelines do not scale. In this paper we describe the MeDICI Integration Framework (MIF), which is specifically designed for building flexible, efficient and scalable pipelines that exploit distributed services as elements of the pipeline. We explain the core runtime and development infrastructures that MIF provides, and demonstrate how MIF has been used in two complex applications to improve performance and modifiability.

Gorton, Ian; Wynne, Adam S.; Liu, Yan

2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

186

Recent advances in fabrication of high-T{sub c} superconductors for electric power applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports an applied superconductivity program entitled ''Superconductivity Program for Electric Power Systems.'' Activities within this program contribute to development of the high-temperature superconductor (HTS) technology needed for industry to proceed with the commercial development of electric power applications such as motors, generators, transformers, transmission cables, and current limiters. Research is conducted in three categories: wire development, systems technology development, and Superconductivity Partnership Initiative (SPI). Wire development activities are devoted to improving the critical current density (J{sub c}) of short-length HTS wires, whereas systems technology development focuses on fabrication of long-length wires, coils, and on magnets. The SPI activities are aimed at development of prototype products. Significant progress has been made in the development of (HTSs) for various applications: some applications have already made significant strides in the marketplace, while others are still in the developmental stages. For successful electric power applications, it is very important that the HTS be fabricated into long-length conductors that exhibit desired superconducting and mechanical properties. Several parameters of the PIT technique must be carefully controlled to obtain the desired properties. Long lengths of Bi-2223 tapes with respectable superconducting properties have been fabricated by a carefully designed thermomechanical treatment process. A 1-MVA capacity fault current limiter, a 286-hp motor, and 630-kVA transformers, and a 50-m-long conductor, all using HTSs, have already been demonstrated. While the use of HTS devices in the electric utility area has clear advantages, impediments to successful commercialization remain. Issues such as AC losses, conductor cost, and reliable superconducting joints must be addressed. The cost of HTS conductors are still quite high, and significant R and D effort must be focused on this issue. The general acceptance of HTS power equipment will ultimately be based on system performance, reliability and maintenance, efficiency, and installed cost relative to those of conventional technologies.

Balachandran, U.

1998-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

187

Behavior of a hollow core photonic crystal fiber under high radial pressure for downhole application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pressure fiber sensors play an important role in downhole high pressure measurements to withstand long term operation. The purpose of this paper is to present an application of hollow core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF) as a high pressure sensor head for downhole application based on dispersion variation. We used a high pressure stainless steel unit to exert pressure on the sensor. The experimental results show that different wavelengths based on sagnac loop interferometer have additive sensitivities from 5?×?10{sup ?5}?nm/psi at 1480?nm to 1.3?×?10{sup ?3}?nm/psi at 1680?nm. We developed a simulation to understand the reason for difference in sensitivity of wavelengths and also the relationship between deformation of HC-PCF and dispersion variation under pressure. For this purpose, by using the finite element method, we investigated the effect of structural variation of HC-PCF on spectral transformation of two linear polarizations under 1000?psi pressure. The simulation and experimental results show exponential decay behavior of dispersion variation from ?3.4?×?10{sup ?6} 1/psi to ?1.3?×?10{sup ?6} 1/psi and from ?5?×?10{sup ?6} 1/psi to ?1.8?×?10{sup ?6} 1/psi, respectively, which were in a good accordance with each other.

Sadeghi, J., E-mail: j-sadeghi@sbu.ac.ir; Chenari, Z.; Ziaee, F. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, 1983963113 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Latifi, H., E-mail: latifi@sbu.ac.ir [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, 1983963113 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Shahid Beheshti University, Evin, 1983963113 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Santos, J. L., E-mail: josantos@fc.up.pt [INESC Porto—Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Departamento de Física, da Faculdade de Ciências, da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal)

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

188

NSLS-II HIGH LEVEL APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND CLIENT API DESIGN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the developers of APIs and how to use them to form a physics application to the users. For example, how the channels are related to magnet and what the current real-time setting of a magnet is in physics unit are the internals of APIs. Measuring chromaticities are the users of APIs. All the users of APIs are working with magnet and instrument names in a physics unit. The low level communications in current or voltage unit are minimized. In this paper, we discussed our recent progress of our infrastructure development, and client API.

Shen, G.; Yang; L.; Shroff; K.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

189

Study on the Application of High Temperature Heat Pump to Recover Waste Heat of Marine Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Being an energy-saving equipment with great development potential, high temperature heat pump is becoming one of the research hotspots in recent years. However, there is little research about the application of high temperature heat pump on ships as ... Keywords: marine diesel engine, cooling water, waste heat recovery, high temperature heat pump

Shi-jie Liu; Wu Chen; Zhen-xiong Cai; Chao-yu Zheng

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Characteristics of trap-filled gallium arsenide photoconductive switches used in high gain pulsed power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical properties of semi-insulating (SI) Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) have been investigated for some time, particularly for its application as a substrate in microelectronics. Of late this material has found a variety of applications other than as an isolation region between devices, or the substrate of an active device. High resistivity SI GaAs is increasingly being used in charged particle detectors and photoconductive semiconductor switches (PCSS). PCSS made from these materials operating in both the linear and non-linear modes have applications such as firing sets, as drivers for lasers, and in high impedance, low current Q-switches or Pockels cells. In the non-linear mode, it has also been used in a system to generate Ultra-Wideband (UWB) High Power Microwaves (HPM). The choice of GaAs over silicon offers the advantage that its material properties allow for fast, repetitive switching action. Furthermore photoconductive switches have advantages over conventional switches such as improved jitter, better impedance matching, compact size, and in some cases, lower laser energy requirement for switching action. The rise time of the PCSS is an important parameter that affects the maximum energy transferred to the load and it depends, in addition to other parameters, on the bias or the average field across the switch. High field operation has been an important goal in PCSS research. Due to surface flashover or premature material breakdown at higher voltages, most PCSS, especially those used in high power operation, need to operate well below the inherent breakdown voltage of the material. The lifetime or the total number of switching operations before breakdown, is another important switch parameter that needs to be considered for operation at high bias conditions. A lifetime of {approximately} 10{sup 4} shots has been reported for PCSS's used in UWB-HPM generation [5], while it has exceeded 10{sup 8} shots for electro-optic drivers. Much effort is currently being channeled in the study related to improvements of these two parameters high bias operation and lifetime improvement for switches used in pulsed power applications. The contact material and profiles are another important area of study. Although these problems are being pursued through the incorporation of different contact materials and introducing doping near contacts, it is important that the switch properties and the conduction mechanism in these switches be well understood such that the basic nature of the problems can be properly addressed. In this paper the authors report on these two basic issues related to the device operation, i.e., mechanisms for increasing the hold-off characteristics through neutron irradiation, and the analysis of transport processes at varying field conditions in trap dominated SI GaAs in order to identify the breakdown mechanism during device operation. It is expected that this study would result in a better understanding of photoconductive switches, specifically those used in high power operation.

ISLAM,N.E.; SCHAMILOGLU,E.; MAR,ALAN; LOUBRIEL,GUILLERMO M.; ZUTAVERN,FRED J.; JOSHI,R.P.

2000-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

191

Computational modelling of transport phenomena in high energy materials processing application: large eddy simulation and parallelisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive three-dimensional numerical model is presented in order to address the coupled turbulent momentum, heat and species transport during molten metal-pool convection in association with continuous evolution of solid-liquid interface typically encountered in high energy materials processing applications. The turbulent aspect is handled by a large eddy simulation (LES) model and the phase changing phenomena is taken care of by a modified enthalpy-porosity technique. The proposed finite volume based LES model is subsequently parallelised for effective computational economy. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the present model, a systematic analysis is subsequently carried out to simulate a typical high power laser surface alloying process, where the effects of turbulent transport can actually be realised.

Dipankar Chatterjee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Applications of Robust, Radiation Hard AlGaN Optoelectronic Devices in Space Exploration and High Energy Density Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This slide show presents: space exploration applications; high energy density physics applications; UV LED and photodiode radiation hardness; UV LED and photodiode space qualification; UV LED AC charge management; and UV LED satellite payload instruments. A UV LED satellite will be launched 2nd half 2012.

Sun, K.

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

193

Self-Assembly of Virus-Structured High Surface Area Nanomaterials and Their Application as Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Self-Assembly of Virus-Structured High Surface Area Nanomaterials and Their Application as Battery templates produced uniform metal coatings up to 40 nm in thickness. Within a nickel-zinc battery system have uses in an array of applications including electrodes, catalyst supports, thermal barriers, sensor

Rubloff, Gary W.

194

Development of ultrasonic thermometry for high-temperature high-resolution temperature profiling applications in LMFBR safety research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrasonic thermometry has been developed as a high temperature profiling diagnostic for use in the LMFBR Debris Coolability Program at Sandia National Laboratories. These instruments have been used successfully in the dc series experiments and the D10 experiment. Temperatures approaching 3000/sup 0/C with spatial resolution of 10 mm and indicated temperature gradients of 700/sup 0/C/cm have been measured. Instruments have operated in molten sodium, molten steel, and molten UO/sub 2/ environments. Up to 14 measurement zones on a single instrument in molten sodium have been used with 12 mm and 15 mm spatial resolution. Hermetically sealed units operated at elevated temperatures have been used. Posttest examination has revealed very little systematic calibration drifts (<10/sup 0/C) with random drifts occurring with less than 40/sup 0/C standard deviation in a 10 to 12 mm measurement zone. The stability of the system varies from +-1/sup 0/C to +-15/sup 0/C depending on the sensor design constraints for a particular application. Doped tungsten sensors have been developed to permit operation of total measurement zone lengths of 30 cm at temperatures above 2500/sup 0/C. 33 refs., 13 figs.

Field, M.E.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Factors Limiting the Application of Silicon Nitride Ceramics in Sulphur-Containing Environments of Low Oxygen Potential at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many high temperature applications (e.g. coal gasifiers, petrochemical plants), materials are in contact with gases containing low oxidant (O2/S2) potentials. Under these conditions, little is known about the ...

F.A. Costa Oliveira; R.A.H. Edwards; R.J. Fordham…

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

MYRRHA a multi-purpose hybrid research reactor for high-tech applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

MYRRHA (Multi-purpose hYbrid Research Reactor for High-tech Applications) is the flexible experimental accelerator driven system (ADS) in development at SCK-CEN. MYRRHA is able to work both in subcritical (ADS) as in critical mode. In this way, MYRRHA will allow fuel developments for innovative reactor systems, material developments for generation IV (GEN IV) systems, material developments for fusion reactors, radioisotope production and industrial applications, such as Si-doping. MYRRHA will also demonstrate the ADS full concept by coupling the three components (accelerator, spallation target and subcritical reactor) at reasonable power level to allow operation feedback, scalable to an industrial demonstrator and allow the study of efficient transmutation of high-level nuclear waste. MYRRHA is based on the heavy liquid metal technology and so it will contribute to the development of lead fast reactor (LFR) technology and in critical mode, MYRRHA will play the role of European technology pilot plant in the roadmap for LFR. In this paper the historical evolution of MYRRHA and the rationale behind the design choices is presented and the latest configuration of the reactor core and primary system is described. (authors)

Abderrahim, H. A.; Baeten, P. [SCK CEN, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol (Belgium)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The emergence of Clostridium thermocellum as a high utility candidate for consolidated bioprocessing applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

First isolated in 1926, Clostridium thermocellum has recently received increased attention as a high utility candidate for use in consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) applications. These applications, which seek to process lignocellulosic biomass directly into useful products such as ethanol, are gaining traction as economically feasible routes toward the production of fuel and other high value chemical compounds as the shortcomings of fossil fuels become evident. This review evaluates C. thermocellum's role in this transitory process by highlighting recent discoveries relating to its genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic responses to varying biomass sources, with a special emphasis placed on providing an overview of its unique, multivariate enzyme cellulosome complex and the role that this structure performs during biomass degradation. Both naturally evolved and genetically engineered strains are examined in light of their unique attributes and responses to various biomass treatment conditions, and the genetic tools that have been employed for their creation are presented. Several future routes for potential industrial usage are presented, and it is concluded that, although there have been many advances to significantly improve C. thermocellum's amenability to industrial use, several hurdles still remain to be overcome as this unique organism enjoys increased attention within the scientific community.

Akinsho, Hannah [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta; Yee, Kelsey L [ORNL; Close, Daniel M [ORNL; Ragauskas, Arthur [University of Tennessee, Knoxville

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Photon Activation Analysis--An Analytical Application Of High-Energy Electron Accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photon activation analysis (PAA) was introduced about contemporarily with the other activation analysis methods (neutron, NAA, and charged particle activation, CPAA). Nonetheless, for different reasons, PAA has been applied less frequently than the other techniques mentioned. The incident photon energy should exceed about 12 MeV (except in some special rare applications) so as to obtain appreciably high activity yields of the product nuclides. Thus, cyclic electron accelerators (LINACs or microtrons) are used for activation preferably. The predominant photonuclear reaction is of the ({gamma},n)-type. Thus, normally neutron-deficient nuclides are produced. These usually emit gamma rays, annihilation quanta and characteristic X-ray fluorescence, all of whom can be used for analytical evaluation. The spectrometry equipment is the same as used for the other activation techniques (semiconductor detectors, sodium iodide crystals in coincidence geometry). Being uncharged high energy photons have a large penetration power, thus do not suffer from strong matrix absorption. Although not having a detection power as large as in NAA (in the most cases), PAA offers several further convincing advantages, e.g. several elements not or hardly detectable by NAA can be analysed: Titanium, nickel, thallium, lead, bismuth and, in particular, the light elements carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, phosphorus. Several typical applications will be described.

Segebade, Christian R.; Goerner, Wolf [Federal Institute of Materials Research and Testing Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

199

Applications of high resolution ICP-AES in the nuclear industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of high resolution ICP-AES to selected problems of importance in the nuclear industry is a growing field. The advantages in sample preparation time, waste minimization and equipment cost are considerable. Two examples of these advantages are presented in this paper, burnup analysis of spent fuel and analysis of major uranium isotopes. The determination of burnup, an indicator of fuel cycle efficiency, has been accomplished by the determination of {sup 139}La by high resolution inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (HR-ICP-AES). Solutions of digested samples of reactor fuel rods were introduced into a shielded glovebox housing an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and the resulting atomic emission transmitted to a high resolution spectrometer by a 31 meter fiber optic bundle. Total and isotopic U determination by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) is presented to allow for the calculation of burnup for the samples. This method of burnup determination reduces the time, material, sample handling and waste generated associated with typical burnup determinations which require separation of lanthanum from the other fission products with high specific activities. Work concerning an alternative burnup indicator, {sup 236}U, is also presented for comparison. The determination of {sup 235}U:{sup 238}U isotope ratios in U-Zr fuel alloys is also presented to demonstrate the versatility of HR-ICP-AES.

Johnson, S.G.; Giglio, J.J.; Goodall, P.S.; Cummings, D.G.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Linking Automated Data Analysis and Visualization with Applications in Developmental Biology and High-Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Knowledge discovery from large and complex collections of today's scientific datasets is a challenging task. With the ability to measure and simulate more processes at increasingly finer spatial and temporal scales, the increasing number of data dimensions and data objects is presenting tremendous challenges for data analysis and effective data exploration methods and tools. Researchers are overwhelmed with data and standard tools are often insufficient to enable effective data analysis and knowledge discovery. The main objective of this thesis is to provide important new capabilities to accelerate scientific knowledge discovery form large, complex, and multivariate scientific data. The research covered in this thesis addresses these scientific challenges using a combination of scientific visualization, information visualization, automated data analysis, and other enabling technologies, such as efficient data management. The effectiveness of the proposed analysis methods is demonstrated via applications in two distinct scientific research fields, namely developmental biology and high-energy physics.Advances in microscopy, image analysis, and embryo registration enable for the first time measurement of gene expression at cellular resolution for entire organisms. Analysis of high-dimensional spatial gene expression datasets is a challenging task. By integrating data clustering and visualization, analysis of complex, time-varying, spatial gene expression patterns and their formation becomes possible. The analysis framework MATLAB and the visualization have been integrated, making advanced analysis tools accessible to biologist and enabling bioinformatic researchers to directly integrate their analysis with the visualization. Laser wakefield particle accelerators (LWFAs) promise to be a new compact source of high-energy particles and radiation, with wide applications ranging from medicine to physics. To gain insight into the complex physical processes of particle acceleration, physicists model LWFAs computationally. The datasets produced by LWFA simulations are (i) extremely large, (ii) of varying spatial and temporal resolution, (iii) heterogeneous, and (iv) high-dimensional, making analysis and knowledge discovery from complex LWFA simulation data a challenging task. To address these challenges this thesis describes the integration of the visualization system VisIt and the state-of-the-art index/query system FastBit, enabling interactive visual exploration of extremely large three-dimensional particle datasets. Researchers are especially interested in beams of high-energy particles formed during the course of a simulation. This thesis describes novel methods for automatic detection and analysis of particle beams enabling a more accurate and efficient data analysis process. By integrating these automated analysis methods with visualization, this research enables more accurate, efficient, and effective analysis of LWFA simulation data than previously possible.

Ruebel, Oliver

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of High Temperature Phase Change Materials for Concentrating Solar Power Plant Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3 Fig. 1.2. Solar power plant operation [Materials for Concentrating Solar Power Plant Applications AMaterials for Concentrating Solar Power Plant Applications

Roshandell, Melina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A suite of RS/1 procedures for chemical laboratory statistical quality control and Shewhart control charting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A suite of RS/1 procedures for Shewhart control charting in chemical laboratories is described. The suite uses the RS series product QCA (Quality Control Analysis) for chart construction and analysis. The suite prompts users for data in a user friendly fashion and adds the data to or creates the control charts. All activities are time stamped. Facilities for generating monthly or contiguous time segment summary charts are included. The suite is currently in use at Westinghouse Savannah River Company.

Shanahan, K.L.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

High-frame-rate intensified fast optically shuttered TV cameras with selected imaging applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This invited paper focuses on high speed electronic/electro-optic camera development by the Applied Physics Experiments and Imaging Measurements Group (P-15) of Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Physics Division over the last two decades. The evolution of TV and image intensifier sensors and fast readout fast shuttered cameras are discussed. Their use in nuclear, military, and medical imaging applications are presented. Several salient characteristics and anomalies associated with single-pulse and high repetition rate performance of the cameras/sensors are included from earlier studies to emphasize their effects on radiometric accuracy of electronic framing cameras. The Group`s test and evaluation capabilities for characterization of imaging type electro-optic sensors and sensor components including Focal Plane Arrays, gated Image Intensifiers, microchannel plates, and phosphors are discussed. Two new unique facilities, the High Speed Solid State Imager Test Station (HSTS) and the Electron Gun Vacuum Test Chamber (EGTC) arc described. A summary of the Group`s current and developmental camera designs and R&D initiatives are included.

Yates, G.J.; King, N.S.P.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Improved high temperature solar absorbers for use in Concentrating Solar Power central receiver applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concentrating solar power (CSP) systems use solar absorbers to convert the heat from sunlight to electric power. Increased operating temperatures are necessary to lower the cost of solar-generated electricity by improving efficiencies and reducing thermal energy storage costs. Durable new materials are needed to cope with operating temperatures >600 C. The current coating technology (Pyromark High Temperature paint) has a solar absorptance in excess of 0.95 but a thermal emittance greater than 0.8, which results in large thermal losses at high temperatures. In addition, because solar receivers operate in air, these coatings have long term stability issues that add to the operating costs of CSP facilities. Ideal absorbers must have high solar absorptance (>0.95) and low thermal emittance (<0.05) in the IR region, be stable in air, and be low-cost and readily manufacturable. We propose to utilize solution-based synthesis techniques to prepare intrinsic absorbers for use in central receiver applications.

Stechel, Ellen Beth; Ambrosini, Andrea; Hall, Aaron Christopher; Lambert, Timothy L.; Staiger, Chad Lynn; Bencomo, Marlene

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR SECTION I employment forms in the Social Sciences Academic Payroll Office (Humanities & Social Sciences, Suite 460

California at Santa Cruz, University of

206

Conformance Test Architecture and Test Suite for ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conformance Test Architecture and Test Suite for ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2007 Fernando L. Podio Dylan Yaga Christofer J. McGinnis NISTIR 7791 #12;NISTIR 7791 Conformance Test Architecture and Test Suite for ANSI of these standards and the associated conformance test architectures and test suites. The ANSI/NIST-ITL standard

207

Measuring and Improving Latency to Avoid Test Suite Wear Out Shin Yoo & Mark Harman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring and Improving Latency to Avoid Test Suite Wear Out Shin Yoo & Mark Harman King's College London Centre for Research on Evolution, Search & Testing (CREST) London, UK {shin.yoo, mark introduces the concept of test suite latency. The more latent a test suite, the more it is possible

Singer, Jeremy

208

Using Hybrid Algorithm For Pareto Efficient Multi-Objective Test Suite Minimisation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Hybrid Algorithm For Pareto Efficient Multi-Objective Test Suite Minimisation Shin Yoo & Mark Harman King's College London, Strand, London, WC2R 2LS, UK Abstract Test suite minimisation techniques seek to reduce the effort required for regression testing by selecting a subset of test suites

Singer, Jeremy

209

Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Designing for the Future: The New Open Suite of Programs and Peer Review Process Questions and Answers 1 Rationale 1. If the changes to the Open Suite of Programs and peer review process are successful, what will CIHR have achieved? Our goal in designing the new Open Suite of Programs and peer review

Charette, André

210

On RELAP5-simulated High Flux Isotope Reactor reactivity transients: Code change and application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a new and innovative application for the RELAP5 code (hereafter referred to as the code''). The code has been used to simulate several transients associated with the (presently) draft version of the High-Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) updated safety analysis report (SAR). This paper investigates those thermal-hydraulic transients induced by nuclear reactivity changes. A major goal of the work was to use an existing RELAP5 HFIR model for consistency with other thermal-hydraulic transient analyses of the SAR. To achieve this goal, it was necessary to incorporate a new self-contained point kinetics solver into the code because of a deficiency in the point-kinetics reactivity model of the Mod 2.5 version of the code. The model was benchmarked against previously analyzed (known) transients. Given this new code, four event categories defined by the HFIR probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) were analyzed: (in ascending order of severity) a cold-loop pump start; run-away shim-regulating control cylinder and safety plate withdrawal; control cylinder ejection; and generation of an optimum void in the target region. All transients are discussed. Results of the bounding incredible event transient, the target region optimum void, are shown. Future plans for RELAP5 HFIR applications and recommendations for code improvements are also discussed.

Freels, J.D.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

On RELAP5-simulated High Flux Isotope Reactor reactivity transients: Code change and application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a new and innovative application for the RELAP5 code (hereafter referred to as ``the code``). The code has been used to simulate several transients associated with the (presently) draft version of the High-Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) updated safety analysis report (SAR). This paper investigates those thermal-hydraulic transients induced by nuclear reactivity changes. A major goal of the work was to use an existing RELAP5 HFIR model for consistency with other thermal-hydraulic transient analyses of the SAR. To achieve this goal, it was necessary to incorporate a new self-contained point kinetics solver into the code because of a deficiency in the point-kinetics reactivity model of the Mod 2.5 version of the code. The model was benchmarked against previously analyzed (known) transients. Given this new code, four event categories defined by the HFIR probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) were analyzed: (in ascending order of severity) a cold-loop pump start; run-away shim-regulating control cylinder and safety plate withdrawal; control cylinder ejection; and generation of an optimum void in the target region. All transients are discussed. Results of the bounding incredible event transient, the target region optimum void, are shown. Future plans for RELAP5 HFIR applications and recommendations for code improvements are also discussed.

Freels, J.D.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Global Fraud Management System (GFMS) AT&T Global Fraud Management System is a robust suite of data mining and management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AT&T technology solutions Global Fraud Management System (GFMS) AT&T Global Fraud Management System is a robust suite of data mining and management applications developed by AT&T Labs to reduce fraud offer a user-friendly interface · Centralized alert manager creates an immediate alert when fraud

Fisher, Kathleen

213

High Strain-Rate Mechanical Behaviour of a Copper Matrix Composite for Nuclear Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aim of this work is the investigation of mechanical behaviour of an alumina dispersion strengthened copper, known by the trade name GLIDCOP®, subjected to dynamic loads: it is a composite material with a copper matrix strengthened with aluminium oxide ceramic particles. Since the particle content is quite small the material keeps the OFE copper physical properties, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, but with a higher yield strength, like a mild-carbon steel. Besides, with the addition of aluminium oxide, the good mechanical properties are retained also at high temperatures and the resistance to thermal softening is increased: the second phase blocks the dislocation movement preventing the grain growth. Thanks to these properties GLIDCOP® finds several applications in particle accelerator technologies, where problems of thermal management, combined with structural requirements, play a key role. Currently, it is used for the construction of structural and functional parts of the particle beam collim...

Peroni, L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

10 - Application of high temperature superconductor (HTS) technology in rotating machinery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter discusses the application of high temperature superconductors (HTS) to generators and motors. It first reviews the benefits and rationale for applying HTS technology to generators and motors. It then describes compromises affecting the electromagnetic, mechanical and thermal design for such machines. The different types of machine topology possible, their respective advantages and disadvantages and their Key performance characteristics compared to equivalent conventional machines are then outlined. Issues with developing such machines within an industrial production environment and their installation and operation within a demanding commercial environment are discussed. Challenges facing the design, build, testing and commissioning of such machines are reviewed, with a discussion of future machine and equipment requirements and trends.

R. Fair

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

High Throughput Software for Powder Diffraction and its Application to Heterogeneous Catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we investigate high throughput computational methods for processing large quantities of data collected from synchrotrons and their application to spectral analysis of powder diffraction data. We also present the main product of this PhD programme, specifically a software called 'EasyDD' developed by the author. This software was created to meet the increasing demand on data processing and analysis capabilities as required by modern detectors which produce huge quantities of data. Modern detectors coupled with the high intensity X-ray sources available at synchrotrons have led to the situation where datasets can be collected in ever shorter time scales and in ever larger numbers. Such large volumes of datasets pose a data processing bottleneck which augments with current and future instrument development. EasyDD has achieved its objectives and made significant contributions to scientific research. It can also be used as a model for more mature attempts in the future. EasyDD is currently in use by a number of researchers in a number of academic and research institutions to process high-energy diffraction data. These include data collected by different techniques such as Energy Dispersive Diffraction, Angle Dispersive Diffraction and Computer Aided Tomography. EasyDD has already been used in a number of published studies, and is currently in use by the High Energy X-Ray Imaging Technology project. The software was also used by the author to process and analyse datasets collected from synchrotron radiation facilities. In this regard, the thesis presents novel scientific research involving the use of EasyDD to handle large diffraction datasets in the study of alumina-supported metal oxide catalyst bodies. These data were collected using Tomographic Energy Dispersive Diffraction Imaging and Computer Aided Tomography techniques.

Taha Sochi

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

High-voltage air-core pulse transformers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

General types of air core pulse transformers designed for high voltage pulse generation and energy transfer applications are discussed with special emphasis on pulse charging systems which operate up to the multi-megavolt range. The design, operation, dielectric materials, and performance are described. It is concluded that high voltage air core pulse transformers are best suited to applications outside the normal ranges of conventional magnetic core transformers. In general these include charge transfer at high power levels and fast pulse generation with comparatively low energy. When properly designed and constructed, they are capable of delivering high energy transfer efficiency and have demonstrated superior high voltage endurance. The principal disadvantage of high voltage air core transformers is that they are not generally available from commercial sources. Consequently, the potential user must become thoroughly familiar with all aspects of design, fabrication and system application before he can produce a high performance transformer system. (LCL)

Rohwein, G. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Is the Weibull distribution really suited for wind statistics modeling and wind power evaluation?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind speed statistics is generally modeled using the Weibull distribution. This distribution is convenient since it fully characterizes analytically with only two parameters (the shape and scale parameters) the shape of distribution and the different moments of the wind speed (mean, standard deviation, skewness and kurtosis). This distribution is broadly used in the wind energy sector to produce maps of wind energy potential. However, the Weibull distribution is based on empirical rather than physical justification and might display strong limitations for its applications. The philosophy of this article is based on the modeling of the wind components instead of the wind speed itself. This provides more physical insights on the validity domain of the Weibull distribution as a possible relevant model for wind statistics and the quantification of the error made by using such a distribution. We thereby propose alternative expressions of more suited wind speed distribution.

Drobinski, Philippe

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

High Efficiency Nanostructured III-V Photovoltaics for Solar Concentrator Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Efficiency Nanostructured III-V Photovoltaics for Solar Concentrators project seeks to provide new photovoltaic cells for Concentrator Photovoltaics (CPV) Systems with higher cell efficiency, more favorable temperature coefficients and less sensitivity to changes in spectral distribution. The main objective of this project is to provide high efficiency III-V solar cells that will reduce the overall cost per Watt for power generation using CPV systems.This work is focused both on a potential near term application, namely the use of indium arsenide (InAs) QDs to spectrally "tune" the middle (GaAs) cell of a SOA triple junction device to a more favorable effective bandgap, as well as the long term goal of demonstrating intermediate band solar cell effects. The QDs are confined within a high electric field i-region of a standard GaAs solar cell. The extended absorption spectrum (and thus enhanced short circuit current) of the QD solar cell results from the increase in the sub GaAs bandgap spectral response that is achievable as quantum dot layers are introduced into the i-region. We have grown InAs quantum dots by OMVPE technique and optimized the QD growth conditions. Arrays of up to 40 layers of strain balanced quantum dots have been experimentally demonstrated with good material quality, low residual stain and high PL intensity. Quantum dot enhanced solar cells were grown and tested under simulated one sun AM1.5 conditions. Concentrator solar cells have been grown and fabricated with 5-40 layers of QDs. Testing of these devices show the QD cells have improved efficiency compared to baseline devices without QDs. Device modeling and measurement of thermal properties were performed using Crosslight APSYS. Improvements in a triple junction solar cell with the insertion of QDs into the middle current limiting junction was shown to be as high as 29% under one sun illumination for a 10 layer stack QD enhanced triple junction solar cell. QD devices have strong potential for net gains in efficiency at high concentration.

Hubbard, Seth

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

219

Eucentric four-axis ultrahigh vacuum goniometer for reflection high-energy electron diffraction applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and performance of a four-axis low-profile eucentric UHV goniometer for in situ reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) studies during film deposition is reported. The design provides one translational and three rotational degrees of freedom that are fully independent. Although developed to facilitate high-pressure RHEED during the growth of oxide thin films by pulsed laser deposition, this goniometer design is applicable to other UHV techniques including molecular beam epitaxy. The goniometer requires only a single DN 100 CF flange (6 in. o.d., 100 mm i.d.), making it suitable for small deposition systems, too. Samples, attached to a resistively heated holder, can be easily transferred on and off of the goniometer without breaking vacuum. The holder accommodates samples up to 10 mmx10 mm in size and allows them to be heated to 900 deg. C in pure oxygen while being attached to the goniometer. Full eucentric motion of the hot sample is possible with a typical axis precision of <0.1 deg. Most of the mechanism is located in air, allowing the use of standard materials and lubricants, substantially reducing the in-vacuum mechanics, and increasing the precision, reliability, and robustness of the system.

Schmehl, A.; Schulz, R.R.; Mannhart, J. [Experimentalphysik VI, Elektronische Korrelationen und Magnetismus, Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Augsburg, Universitaetsstrasse 1, D-86135 Augsburg (Germany)

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Software Aspects of IEEE Floating-Point Computations for Numerical Applications in High Energy Physics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Floating-point computations are at the heart of much of the computing done in high energy physics. The correctness, speed and accuracy of these computations are of paramount importance. The lack of any of these characteristics can mean the difference between new, exciting physics and an embarrassing correction. This talk will examine practical aspects of IEEE 754-2008 floating-point arithmetic as encountered in HEP applications. After describing the basic features of IEEE floating-point arithmetic, the presentation will cover: common hardware implementations (SSE, x87) techniques for improving the accuracy of summation, multiplication and data interchange compiler options for gcc and icc affecting floating-point operations hazards to be avoided About the speaker Jeffrey M Arnold is a Senior Software Engineer in the Intel Compiler and Languages group at Intel Corporation. He has been part of the Digital->Compaq->Intel compiler organization for nearly 20 years; part of that time, he worked on both low- and high-level math libraries. Prior to that, he was in the VMS Engineering organization at Digital Equipment Corporation. In the late 1980s, Jeff spent 2½ years at CERN as part of the CERN/Digital Joint Project. In 2008, he returned to CERN to spent 10 weeks working with CERN/openlab. Since that time, he has returned to CERN multiple times to teach at openlab workshops and consult with various LHC experiments. Jeff received his Ph.D. in physics from Case Western Reserve University.

None

2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Potential Application Of Radionuclide Scaling Factors To High Level Waste Characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Production sources, radiological properties, relative solubilities in waste, and laboratory analysis techniques for the forty-five radionuclides identified in Hanford?s Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Feed Acceptance Data Quality Objectives (DQO) document are addressed in this report. Based on Savannah River Site (SRS) experience and waste characteristics, thirteen of the radionuclides are judged to be candidates for potential scaling in High Level Waste (HLW) based on the concentrations of other radionuclides as determined through laboratory measurements. The thirteen radionuclides conducive to potential scaling are: Ni-59, Zr-93, Nb-93m, Cd-113m, Sn-121m, Sn-126, Cs-135, Sm-151, Ra-226, Ra-228, Ac-227, Pa-231, and Th-229. The ability to scale radionuclides is useful from two primary perspectives: 1) it provides a means of checking the radionuclide concentrations that have been determined by laboratory analysis; and 2) it provides a means of estimating radionuclide concentrations in the absence of a laboratory analysis technique or when a complex laboratory analysis technique fails. Along with the rationale for identifying and applying the potential scaling factors, this report also provides examples of using the scaling factors to estimate concentrations of radionuclides in current SRS waste and into the future. Also included in the report are examples of independent laboratory analysis techniques that can be used to check results of key radionuclide analyses. Effective utilization of radionuclide scaling factors requires understanding of the applicable production sources and the chemistry of the waste. As such, the potential scaling approaches identified in this report should be assessed from the perspective of the Hanford waste before reaching a decision regarding WTP applicability.

Reboul, S. H.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

222

Applications:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications: Applications: ● Telecommunications: cell / smartphone; multi-party secure phone calls; videoconferencing; Voice over IP (VoIP) ● Banking and financial transactions: ATM, debit / credit card and e-Commerce ● e-Business; e-gaming; e-books; e-music; e-movies; e-gambling ● Wireless internet ● Electronic voting ● Facility and vehicle access ● Information exchange for government/defense

223

User Guide for the STAYSL PNNL Suite of Software Tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The STAYSL PNNL software suite provides a set of tools for working with neutron activation rates measured in a nuclear fission reactor, an accelerator-based neutron source, or any neutron field to determine the neutron flux spectrum through a generalized least-squares approach. This process is referred to as neutron spectral adjustment since the preferred approach is to use measured data to adjust neutron spectra provided by neutron physics calculations. The input data consist of the reaction rates based on measured activities, an initial estimate of the neutron flux spectrum, neutron activation cross sections and their associated uncertainties (covariances), and relevant correction factors. The output consists of the adjusted neutron flux spectrum and associated covariance matrix, which is useful for neutron dosimetry and radiation damage calculations.

Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Johnson, Christian D.

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

224

RFNC-VNIIEF Capabilities to Production High Pure Isotopes for Scientific and Medical Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the technical paper there is presented the information on the basic equipment and more than thirty-year experience of RFNC-VNIIEF activities in the sphere of producing highly enriched isotopes of actinide elements--thorium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium--for scientific researches and practical applications. Electromagnetic separator and radiochemical methods provide obtaining of superpure isotope samples for nuclear-physical radiometric and mass-spectrometric equipment, and also as tracers when analyzing environmental contamination. There are presented the structure of the laboratory occupied with these isotopes electromagnetic separation as well as the nomenclature and characteristics of the specimens supplied. There are stated science and engineering elaborations of technologies aimed at producing alpha-ray radiating radionuclides--thorium-229, thorium-228, actinium-225, radium-224--for the purpose of anti-cancer therapy using bismuth-212 and bismuth-213 produced by the specially developed generators. There are presented the basic directions of cooperation with other Russian Institutes in developing this promising line of conversion.

Vesnovskii, S. P.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

225

Application of spatially resolved high resolution crystal spectrometry to inertial confinement fusion plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High resolution ({lambda}/{Delta}{lambda}{approx} 10 000) 1D imaging x-ray spectroscopy using a spherically bent crystal and a 2D hybrid pixel array detector is used world wide for Doppler measurements of ion-temperature and plasma flow-velocity profiles in magnetic confinement fusion plasmas. Meter sized plasmas are diagnosed with cm spatial resolution and 10 ms time resolution. This concept can also be used as a diagnostic of small sources, such as inertial confinement fusion plasmas and targets on x-ray light source beam lines, with spatial resolution of micrometers, as demonstrated by laboratory experiments using a 250-{mu}m {sup 55}Fe source, and by ray-tracing calculations. Throughput calculations agree with measurements, and predict detector counts in the range 10{sup -8}-10{sup -6} times source x-rays, depending on crystal reflectivity and spectrometer geometry. Results of the lab demonstrations, application of the technique to the National Ignition Facility (NIF), and predictions of performance on NIF will be presented.

Hill, K. W.; Bitter, M.; Delgado-Aparacio, L.; Pablant, N. A. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Beiersdorfer, P.; Schneider, M.; Widmann, K. [Physics Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Sanchez del Rio, M. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP 220, 38043-Grenoble Cedex (France); Zhang, L. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Optimal Design of a High-Speed On/Off Valve for a Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicle Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coefficient 0.6 same none eq Fluid Bulk Modulus 3.7 x 108 1.2 x 109 Pa Pc Check Valve Cracking Pressure 3.2 NOptimal Design of a High-Speed On/Off Valve for a Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicle Application Michael of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA ABSTRACT Control of hydraulic systems using high-speed on/off valves has

Li, Perry Y.

227

Recent advances in high-temperature superconductor wire fabrication and applications development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, recent advances in fabrication of HTS wires are summarized, and detailed discussion is provided for developments in near- and intermediate-term applications. Near-term applications, using presently obtainable current densities, include: liquid-nitrogen depth sensors, cryostat current leads, and magnetic bearings. Intermediate-term applications, using current densities expected to be available in the near future include fault-current limiters and short transmission lines. 25 refs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Recent advances in high-temperature superconductor wire fabrication and applications development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, recent advances in fabrication of HTS wires are summarized, and detailed discussion is provided for developments in near- and intermediate-term applications. Near-term applications, using presently obtainable current densities, include: liquid-nitrogen depth sensors, cryostat current leads, and magnetic bearings. Intermediate-term applications, using current densities expected to be available in the near future include fault-current limiters and short transmission lines. 25 refs.

Hull, J.R.; Uherka, K.L.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Barriers to the Application of High-Temperature Coolants in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was performed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to identify practical approaches, technical barriers, and cost impacts to achieving high-temperature coolant operation for certain traction drive subassemblies and components of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). HEVs are unique in their need for the cooling of certain dedicated-traction drive subassemblies/components that include the electric motor(s), generators(s), inverter, dc converter (where applicable), and dc-link capacitors. The new coolant system under study would abandon the dedicated 65 C coolant loop, such as used in the Prius, and instead rely on the 105 C engine cooling loop. This assessment is important because automotive manufacturers are interested in utilizing the existing water/glycol engine cooling loop to cool the HEV subassemblies in order to eliminate an additional coolant loop with its associated reliability, space, and cost requirements. In addition, the cooling of power electronic devices, traction motors, and generators is critical in meeting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technology (FCVT) goals for power rating, volume, weight, efficiency, reliability, and cost. All of these have been addressed in this study. Because there is high interest by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in reducing manufacturing cost to enhance their competitive standing, the approach taken in this analysis was designed to be a positive 'can-do' approach that would be most successful in demonstrating the potential or opportunity of relying entirely on a high-temperature coolant system. Nevertheless, it proved to be clearly evident that a few formidable technical and cost barriers exist and no effective approach for mitigating the barriers was evident in the near term. Based on comprehensive thermal tests of the Prius reported by ORNL in 2005 [1], the continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures were projected from test data at 900 rpm. They are approximately 15 kW with 103 C coolant and 20 kW with 50 C coolant. To avoid this 25% drop1 in continuous power, design changes for improved heat dissipation and carefully managed changes in allowable thermal limits would be required in the hybrid subsystems. This study is designed to identify the technical barriers that potentially exist in moving to a high-temperature cooling loop prior to addressing the actual detailed design. For operation at a significantly higher coolant temperature, there were component-level issues that had to be addressed in this study. These issues generally pertained to the cost and reliability of existing or near term components that would be suitable for use with the 105 C coolant. The assessed components include power electronic devices/modules such as diodes and insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), inverter-grade high-temperature capacitors, permanent magnets (PM), and motor-grade wire insulation. The need for potentially modifying/resizing subassemblies such as inverters, motors, and heat exchangers was also addressed in the study. In order to obtain pertinent information to assist ORNL researchers address the thermal issues at the component, module, subassembly, and system levels, pre-existing laboratory test data conducted at varying temperatures was analyzed in conjunction with information obtained from technical literature searches and industry sources.

Hsu, J.S.; Staunton, M.R.; Starke, M.R.

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

230

Barriers to the Application of High-Temperature Coolants in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was performed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to identify practical approaches, technical barriers, and cost impacts to achieving high-temperature coolant operation for certain traction drive subassemblies and components of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). HEVs are unique in their need for the cooling of certain dedicated-traction drive subassemblies/components that include the electric motor(s), generators(s), inverter, dc converter (where applicable), and dc-link capacitors. The new coolant system under study would abandon the dedicated 65 C coolant loop, such as used in the Prius, and instead rely on the 105 C engine cooling loop. This assessment is important because automotive manufacturers are interested in utilizing the existing water/glycol engine cooling loop to cool the HEV subassemblies in order to eliminate an additional coolant loop with its associated reliability, space, and cost requirements. In addition, the cooling of power electronic devices, traction motors, and generators is critical in meeting the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technology (FCVT) goals for power rating, volume, weight, efficiency, reliability, and cost. All of these have been addressed in this study. Because there is high interest by the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in reducing manufacturing cost to enhance their competitive standing, the approach taken in this analysis was designed to be a positive 'can-do' approach that would be most successful in demonstrating the potential or opportunity of relying entirely on a high-temperature coolant system. Nevertheless, it proved to be clearly evident that a few formidable technical and cost barriers exist and no effective approach for mitigating the barriers was evident in the near term. Based on comprehensive thermal tests of the Prius reported by ORNL in 2005 [1], the continuous ratings at base speed (1200 rpm) with different coolant temperatures were projected from test data at 900 rpm. They are approximately 15 kW with 103 C coolant and 20 kW with 50 C coolant. To avoid this 25% drop1 in continuous power, design changes for improved heat dissipation and carefully managed changes in allowable thermal limits would be required in the hybrid subsystems. This study is designed to identify the technical barriers that potentially exist in moving to a high-temperature cooling loop prior to addressing the actual detailed design. For operation at a significantly higher coolant temperature, there were component-level issues that had to be addressed in this study. These issues generally pertained to the cost and reliability of existing or near-term components that would be suitable for use with the 105 C coolant. The assessed components include power electronic devices/modules such as diodes and insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), inverter-grade high-temperature capacitors, permanent magnets (PM), and motor-grade wire insulation. The need for potentially modifying/resizing subassemblies such as inverters, motors, and heat exchangers was also addressed in the study. In order to obtain pertinent information to assist ORNL researchers address the thermal issues at the component, module, subassembly, and system levels, pre-existing laboratory test data conducted at varying temperatures was analyzed in conjunction with information obtained from technical literature searches and industry sources.

Staunton, Robert H [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL; Starke, Michael R [ORNL

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Application for Student Travel Assistance Grant The 19th ACM International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application for Student Travel Assistance Grant The 19th ACM International Symposium on High Performance Distributed Computing, 2010 Chicago, Illinois June 2025, 2010 A limited number of travel assistance grants are available from various sponsors of HPDC. Priority will be given

Bustamante, Fabián E.

232

HIGH RESOLUTION NMR IN INHOMOGENEOUS MAGNETIC FIELDS: APPLICATION OF TOTAL SPIN COHERENCE TRANSFER ECHOES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF TOTAL SPIN COHERENCE TRANSFER ECHOES D.P.by total spin coherence transfer echo spectroscopy. (a) Thesequence to use total spin coherence transfer echoes to

Weitekamp, D.P.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

High Performance Computing for Stability Problems - Applications to Hydrodynamic Stability and Neutron Transport Criticality.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this work we examine two kinds of applications in terms of stability and perform numerical evaluations and benchmarks on parallel platforms. We consider the… (more)

Subramanian, Chandramowli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Dosimetric evaluation of two treatment planning systems for high dose rate brachytherapy applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various treatment planning systems are used to design plans for the treatment of cervical cancer using high-dose-rate brachytherapy. The purpose of this study was to make a dosimetric comparison of the 2 treatment planning systems from Varian medical systems, namely ABACUS and BrachyVision. The dose distribution of Ir-192 source generated with a single dwell position was compared using ABACUS (version 3.1) and BrachyVision (version 6.5) planning systems. Ten patients with intracavitary applications were planned on both systems using orthogonal radiographs. Doses were calculated at the prescription points (point A, right and left) and reference points RU, LU, RM, LM, bladder, and rectum. For single dwell position, little difference was observed in the doses to points along the perpendicular bisector. The mean difference between ABACUS and BrachyVision for these points was 1.88%. The mean difference in the dose calculated toward the distal end of the cable by ABACUS and BrachyVision was 3.78%, whereas along the proximal end the difference was 19.82%. For the patient case there was approximately 2% difference between ABACUS and BrachyVision planning for dose to the prescription points. The dose difference for the reference points ranged from 0.4-1.5%. For bladder and rectum, the differences were 5.2% and 13.5%, respectively. The dose difference between the rectum points was statistically significant. There is considerable difference between the dose calculations performed by the 2 treatment planning systems. It is seen that these discrepancies are caused by the differences in the calculation methodology adopted by the 2 systems.

Shwetha, Bondel [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Ravikumar, Manickam, E-mail: drravikumarm@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Supe, Sanjay S.; Sathiyan, Saminathan [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Lokesh, Vishwanath [Department of Radiotherapy, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Keshava, Subbarao L. [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Hastelloy-X for high-temperature gas-cooled reactor applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hastelloy-X is a potential structural material for use in gas-cooled reactor systems. In this application, data are necessary on the mechanical properties of base metal and weldments under realistic service conditions. The test environment studied was helium that contained small amounts of H/sub 2/, CH/sub 4/, and CO. This environment was found to be carburizing, with the kinetics of this process becoming rapid above 800/sup 0/C. Suitable weldments of Hastelloy-X were prepared by several processes; those weldments generally had the same properties as base metal except for lower fracture strains under some conditions. Some samples were aged for up to 20 000 h in the test gas and tested, and some creep tests on as-received material exceeded 40 000 h. The predominant effects of aging were the significant reduction in the fracture strains at ambient temperature and the lower strains for samples aged in high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) helium than for those aged in inert gas. Under some conditions, aging also resulted in increased yield and ultimate tensile strength. Creep tests failed to show the effects of environment, aging, or welding on the creep strength of Hastelloy-X; however, the fracture strains for weldments were generally lower than they were for base metal. Prior aging in inert gas for 20 000 h at 538 and 871/sup 0/C reduced the fatigue life slightly, but no difference was observed in the fatigue properties of samples aged in air and HTGR helium environments.

McCoy, H.E.; King, J.F.; Strizak, J.P.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Hastelloy-X for high-temperature gas-cooled reactor applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hastelloy-X is a potential structural material for use in gas-cooled reactor systems. In this application, data are necessary on the mechanical properties of base metal and weldments under realistic service conditions. The test environment studied was helium that contained small amounts of H/sub 2/, CH/sub 4/, and CO. This environment was found to be carburizing, with the kinetics of this process becoming rapid above 800/sup 0/C. Suitable weldments of Hastelloy-X were prepared by several processes; those weldments generally had the same properties as base metal except for lower fracture strains under some conditions. Some samples were aged for up to 20000 h in the test gas and tested, and some creep tests on as-received material exceeded 40000 h. The predominant effects of aging were the significant reduction in the fracture strains at ambient temperature and the lower strains for samples aged in high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) helium than for those aged in inert gas. Under some conditions, aging also resulted in increased yield and ultimate tensile strength. Creep tests failed to show the effects of environment, aging, or welding on the creep strength of Hastelloy-X; however, the fracture strains for weldments were generally lower than they were for base metal. Prior aging in inert gas for 20000 h at 538 and 871/sup 0/C reduced the fatigue life slightly, but no difference was observed in the fatigue properties of samples aged in air and HTGR helium environments.

McCoy, H.E.; King, J.F.; Strizak, J.P.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - andrussian eva suits Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

tool developed in MATLAB, which computes... , the thermal load on suited astronauts or solar power generation of rovers is displayed, ... Source: Newman, Dava J. - Department of...

238

Deeply-scaled GaN high electron mobility transistors for RF applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to the unique combination of large critical breakdown field and high electron velocity, GaN-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) have great potential for next generation high power RF amplifiers. The ...

Lee, Dong Seup

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

On the performance of molecular dynamics applications on current high-end systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...exploitation of current high performance computing (HPC) platforms in molecular...capability computing|high performance computing| 1. Introduction Molecular...places increasing demands on high performance computing (HPC) resources. A vast...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Integration of High Efficiency Solar Cells on Carriers for Concentrating System Applications .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??High efficiency multi-junction (MJ) solar cells were packaged onto receiver systems. The efficiency change of concentrator cells under continuous high intensity illumination was done. Also,… (more)

Chow, Simon Ka Ming

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Optical and Thermal Characterization of High Reflective Surface with Applications in Thermal-Solar Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective solar absorbing coating consists of a high thermal reflectance layer and high solar absorbance layer deposited over a substrate. In this work optical and thermal properties...

Macias, Juan Daniel; Ramirez Rincon, Jorge Andres; Lizama Tzec, Francisco Ivan; Ares Muzio, Oscar Eduardo; Oskam, Gerko; De Coss Gomez, Romeo; Alvarado Gil, Juan José

242

Oxide materials discovery for high temperature sensing and energy harvesting applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The surfaces of turbine blades in modern gas turbine engines see temperatures as high as 1500°C, while simultaneously experiencing extremely high strain rates. Due… (more)

Amani, Matin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Demonstration of a high-efficiency steam reformer for fuel cell power plant applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Full-scale tests of a new modular steam reformer confirm its suitability for a wide range of fuel cell power plant applications. This new fuel processor offers interested utilities excellent performance, operating flexibility, reliability, and maintainability.

Udengaard, N.R.; Christiansen, L.J.; Summers, W.A.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Encoding, application and association of radio frequency identification tags on high speed manufacturing lines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the entry points of radio frequency identification technology in supply chain applications is at the manufacturing line, after production, as packaged goods leave for the next link of the network of suppliers, ...

Fonseca, Herbert Moreti, 1973-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Fabrication of Tungsten-Rhenium Cladding materials via Spark Plasma Sintering for Ultra High Temperature Reactor Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research will develop an optimized, cost-effective method for producing high-purity tungsten-rhenium alloyed fuel clad forms that are crucial for the development of a very high-temperature nuclear reactor. The study will provide critical insight into the fundamental behavior (processing-microstructure- property correlations) of W-Re alloys made using this new fabrication process comprising high-energy ball milling (HEBM) and spark plasma sintering (SPS). A broader goal is to re-establish the U.S. lead in the research field of refractory alloys, such as W-Re systems, with potential applications in very high-temperature nuclear reactors. An essential long-term goal for nuclear power is to develop the capability of operating nuclear reactors at temperatures in excess of 1,000K. This capability has applications in space exploration and some special terrestrial uses where high temperatures are needed in certain chemical or reforming processes. Refractory alloys have been identified as being capable of withstanding temperatures in excess of 1,000K and are considered critical for the development of ultra hightemperature reactors. Tungsten alloys are known to possess extraordinary properties, such as excellent high-temperature capability, including the ability to resist leakage of fissile materials when used as a fuel clad. However, there are difficulties with the development of refractory alloys: 1) lack of basic experimental data on thermodynamics and mechanical and physical properties, and 2) challenges associated with processing these alloys.

Indrajit Charit; Darryl Butt; Megan Frary; Mark Carroll

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - applicator guided stereotactic Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

range of applications, from medical diagnostics to biofuels engineering. CARS and SRS paint pictures... is suited to particular analytical needs. "If it's important for your...

247

The Regulatory Assistance Project 50 State Street, Suite 3 Montpelier, VT 05602  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loads to Resources (and Resources to Loads) 1. Targeted energy efficiency 2. Orient solar panels 3. Use State Street, Suite 3 Montpelier, VT 05602 Phone: 802-223-8199 web: www.raponline.org Resource MaterialsThe Regulatory Assistance Project 50 State Street, Suite 3 Montpelier, VT 05602 Phone: 802

California at Davis, University of

248

Specification and Analysis of the AER/NCA Active Network Protocol Suite in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specification and Analysis of the AER/NCA Active Network Protocol Suite in Real­Time Maude Peter and the Maude formal methodology to the specification and analy­ sis of the AER/NCA suite of active network and the composability of its components, AER/NCA poses challenging new problems for its formal specification

Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

249

Specification and Analysis of the AER/NCA Active Network Protocol Suite in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specification and Analysis of the AER/NCA Active Network Protocol Suite to the specification and analy- sis of the AER/NCA suite of active network multicast protocol compo- nents, AER/NCA poses challenging new problems for its formal specification and analysis. Real-Time Maude

Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

250

Integrating Customized Test Requirements with Traditional Requirements in Web Application Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrating Customized Test Requirements with Traditional Requirements in Web Application Testing Existing test suite reduction techniques employed for test- ing web applications have either used-based requirements in relation to test suite reduction for web applications. We investigate the use of usage

Sampath, Sreedevi

251

High-Temperature Circuit Boards for Use in Geothermal Well Monitoring Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Project objective: Develop and demonstrate high-temperature; multilayer electronic circuits capable of sustained operation at 300? C.

252

Third International Workshop on Software Engineering for High Performance Computing (HPC) Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Third International Workshop on Software Engineering for High Performance Computing (HPC, and financial modeling. The TOP500 website (http://www.top500.org) lists the top 500 high performance computing to define new ways of measuring high performance computing systems that take into account not only the low

Carver, Jeffrey C.

253

High-Performance, Power-Aware Distributed Computing for Scientific Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The PowerPack framework enables distributed systems to profile, analyze, and conserve energy in scientific applications using dynamic voltage scaling. For one common benchmark, the framework achieves more than 30 percent energy savings with minimal performance ... Keywords: Power-aware computing, Distributed systems, Dynamic voltage scaling, PowerPack framework

Kirk W. Cameron; Rong Ge; Xizhou Feng

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Technical Note: DIRART- A software suite for deformable image registration and adaptive radiotherapy research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Recent years have witnessed tremendous progress in image guide radiotherapy technology and a growing interest in the possibilities for adapting treatment planning and delivery over the course of treatment. One obstacle faced by the research community has been the lack of a comprehensive open-source software toolkit dedicated for adaptive radiotherapy (ART). To address this need, the authors have developed a software suite called the Deformable Image Registration and Adaptive Radiotherapy Toolkit (DIRART). Methods: DIRART is an open-source toolkit developed in MATLAB. It is designed in an object-oriented style with focus on user-friendliness, features, and flexibility. It contains four classes of DIR algorithms, including the newer inverse consistency algorithms to provide consistent displacement vector field in both directions. It also contains common ART functions, an integrated graphical user interface, a variety of visualization and image-processing features, dose metric analysis functions, and interface routines. These interface routines make DIRART a powerful complement to the Computational Environment for Radiotherapy Research (CERR) and popular image-processing toolkits such as ITK. Results: DIRART provides a set of image processing/registration algorithms and postprocessing functions to facilitate the development and testing of DIR algorithms. It also offers a good amount of options for DIR results visualization, evaluation, and validation. Conclusions: By exchanging data with treatment planning systems via DICOM-RT files and CERR, and by bringing image registration algorithms closer to radiotherapy applications, DIRART is potentially a convenient and flexible platform that may facilitate ART and DIR research.

Yang Deshan; Brame, Scott; El Naqa, Issam; Aditya, Apte; Wu Yu; Murty Goddu, S.; Mutic, Sasa; Deasy, Joseph O.; Low, Daniel A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Application of Synergistic Technologies to Achieve High Levels of Gasoline Engine Downsizing  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Discussed technologies applied in highly downsized efficient gasoline engine concept such as multiple injection, advanced boosting, cooled exhaust gas recirculation, and electrical supercharger

256

E-Print Network 3.0 - applications requiring high Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fund: GENERAL Job Duties: Responsible... for independently operating high pressure boilers and boiler heaters ... Source: Dong, Yingfei - Department of Electrical Engineering,...

257

Application of the microwave technique for burning-rate measurement in high-energy composite materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A facility designed to determine the current burning rate of high-energy composite materials is described. Methodical aspects of processing the...

A. S. Zharkov; M. G. Potapov; V. P. Lushev…

258

Application of hydrogen marine systems in high-speed sea container transport.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Conventional marine fuels have always limited the endurance of high-speed ships leading to fast but inefficient cargo ships. This research considers the fuel weight barrier… (more)

Veldhuis, Ivo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

High efficiency resonant dc/dc converter for solar power applications .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a new topology for a high efficiency dc/dc resonant power converter that utilizes a resistance compression network to provide simultaneous zero voltage… (more)

Inam, Wardah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

SAMP, the Simple Application Messaging Protocol: Letting applications talk to each other  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAMP, the Simple Application Messaging Protocol, is a hub-based communication standard for the exchange of data and control between participating client applications. It has been developed within the context of the Virtual Observatory with the aim of enabling specialised data analysis tools to cooperate as a loosely integrated suite, and is now in use by many and varied desktop and web-based applications dealing with astronomical data. This paper reviews the requirements and design principles that led to SAMP's specification, provides a high-level description of the protocol, and discusses some of its common and possible future usage patterns, with particular attention to those factors that have aided its success in practice.

Taylor, M B; Taylor, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Highly porous chemically modified carbon cryogels and their coherent nanocomposites for energy applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, high energy and high power density lithium-ion batteries with vanadium pentoxide deposited inside an array of structural forms, such as diamond, graphite, graphene, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and amor, are excellent electrical conductors. Graphene, carbon nanotubes, and fuller- enes are all derivatives

Cao, Guozhong

262

Characterization of the Radiation Shielding Properties of US andRussian EVA Suits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reported herein are results from the Eril Research, Inc.(ERI) participationin the NASA Johnson Space Center sponsored studycharacterizing the radiation shielding properties of the two types ofspace suit that astronauts are wearing during the EVA on-orbit assemblyof the International Space Station (ISS). Measurements using passivedetectors were carried out to assess the shielding properties of the USEMU Suit and the Russian Orlan-M suit during irradiations of the suitsand a tissue equivalent phantom to monoenergetic proton and electronbeams at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC). Duringirradiations of 6 MeV electrons and 60 MeV protons, absorbed dose as afunction of depth was measured using TLDs exposed behind swatches of thetwo suit materials and inside the two EVA helmets. Considerable reductionin electron dosewas measured behind all suit materials in exposures to 6MeV electrons. Slowing of the proton beam in the suit materials led to anincrease in dose measured in exposures to 60 MeV protons. During 232 MeVproton irradiations, measurements were made with TLDs and CR-39 PNTDs atfive organ locations inside a tissue equivalent phantom, exposed bothwith and without the two EVA suits. The EVA helmets produce a 13 to 27percent reduction in total dose and a 0 to 25 percent reduction in doseequivalent when compared to measurements made in the phantom head alone.Differences in dose and dose equivalent between the suit and non-suitirradiations forthe lower portions of the two EVA suits tended to besmaller. Proton-induced target fragmentation was found to be asignificant source of increased dose equivalent, especially within thetwo EVA helmets, and average quality factor inside the EMU and Orlan-Mhelmets was 2 to 14 percent greater than that measured in the barephantom head.

Benton, E.R.; Benton, E.V.; Frank, A.L.

2001-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

263

A suite of metrics for assessing the performance of solar power forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Forecasting solar energy generation is a challenging task because of the variety of solar power systems and weather regimes encountered. Inaccurate forecasts can result in substantial economic losses and power system reliability issues. One of the key challenges is the unavailability of a consistent and robust set of metrics to measure the accuracy of a solar forecast. This paper presents a suite of generally applicable and value-based metrics for solar forecasting for a comprehensive set of scenarios (i.e., different time horizons, geographic locations, and applications) that were developed as part of the U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative’s efforts to improve the accuracy of solar forecasting. In addition, a comprehensive framework is developed to analyze the sensitivity of the proposed metrics to three types of solar forecasting improvements using a design-of-experiments methodology in conjunction with response surface, sensitivity analysis, and nonparametric statistical testing methods. The three types of forecasting improvements are (i) uniform forecasting improvements when there is not a ramp, (ii) ramp forecasting magnitude improvements, and (iii) ramp forecasting threshold changes. Day-ahead and 1-hour-ahead forecasts for both simulated and actual solar power plants are analyzed. The results show that the proposed metrics can efficiently evaluate the quality of solar forecasts and assess the economic and reliability impacts of improved solar forecasting. Sensitivity analysis results show that (i) all proposed metrics are suitable to show the changes in the accuracy of solar forecasts with uniform forecasting improvements, and (ii) the metrics of skewness, kurtosis, and Rényi entropy are specifically suitable to show the changes in the accuracy of solar forecasts with ramp forecasting improvements and a ramp forecasting threshold.

Jie Zhang; Anthony Florita; Bri-Mathias Hodge; Siyuan Lu; Hendrik F. Hamann; Venkat Banunarayanan; Anna M. Brockway

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Rooftop Unit Suite: RTU Challenge, RTU Advanced Controls and RTU Smart Monitoring and Diagnostic System  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Suite of Projects Suite of Projects RTU Suite: RTU Challenge, RTU Advanced Controls and RTU Smart Monitoring and Diagnostic System Michael Brambley, Ph.D. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michael.Brambley@pnnl.gov (509) 375-6875 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Packaged air conditioners and heat pumps (RTUs) are used in about 58% of all cooled commercial buildings, serving about 69% of the cooled commercial building floor space (EIA 2003) - Navigant estimates that packaged air conditioners

265

Rooftop Unit Suite: RTU Challenge, RTU Advanced Controls and RTU Smart Monitoring and Diagnostic System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Suite of Projects Suite of Projects RTU Suite: RTU Challenge, RTU Advanced Controls and RTU Smart Monitoring and Diagnostic System Michael Brambley, Ph.D. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Michael.Brambley@pnnl.gov (509) 375-6875 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Packaged air conditioners and heat pumps (RTUs) are used in about 58% of all cooled commercial buildings, serving about 69% of the cooled commercial building floor space (EIA 2003) - Navigant estimates that packaged air conditioners

266

Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of High Temperature Phase Change Materials for Concentrating Solar Power Plant Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

537°C) steam for the steam turbine to generate electricity.as heat sources for steam turbines. Mainly three approachesto Stirling or Brayton steam turbine, moderate to high heat

Roshandell, Melina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Energy Lithium Batteries for PHEV Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high energy lithium batteries...

268

Improved performance of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene for orthopedic applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A considerable number of total-joint replacement devices used in orthopedic medicine involve articulation between a metallic alloy and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE). Though this polymer has excellent wear resistance, the wear...

Plumlee, Kevin Grant

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Optimization of Polymer-based Nanocomposites for High Energy Density Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polymers are of interest owing to their high inherent electrical resistance, low dielectric loss, flexibility, light weight, and low cost; however, capacitors produced with dielectric polymers are limited to an energy density of ~1-2 J/cc. Polymer...

Barhoumi Ep Meddeb, Amira

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

270

Electron-beam–deposited distributed polarization rotator for high-power laser applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electron-beam deposition of silica and alumina is used to fabricate distributed polarization rotators suitable for smoothing the intensity of large-aperture, high-peak-power lasers....

Oliver, J B; Kessler, T J; Smith, C; Taylor, B; Gruschow, V; Hettrick, J; Charles, B

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Benzannulation via the Reaction of Ynamides and Vinylketenes. Application to the Synthesis of Highly Substituted Indoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A two-stage “tandem strategy” for the synthesis of indoles with a high level of substitution on the six-membered ring is described. Benzannulation based on the reaction of cyclobutenones with ynamides proceeds via a cascade ...

Lam, Tin Yiu

272

Application of High Throughput Pretreatment and Co-Hydrolysis System to Thermochemical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and enzymatic hydrolysis conditions. Although hydrothermal pretreatment is currently being employed in most high were compared to results from hydrothermal pretreatments, providing new insights in understanding their recalcitrance and consolidating processing of enzymes and microorganisms to overcome biomass recalci- trance

California at Riverside, University of

273

Current mode integrators and their applications in low-voltage high frequency CMOS signal processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low voltage CMOS fully differential integrators for high frequency continuous-time filters using current-mode techniques are presented.. Current mode techniques are employed to avoid the use of the floating differential pair, in order to achieve...

Smith, Sterling Lane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

274

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: New High-Energy Electrochemical Couple for Automotive Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by [company name] at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about a new high-energy...

275

Design of a miniature high-speed carbon-nanotube-enhanced ultracapacitor for electronics applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrolytic capacitors, the current standard for high-value capacitors, are one of the most challenging components to miniaturize, accounting for up to 1/3 of the volume in some power devices, and are the weak link with ...

D'Asaro, Matthew E. (Matthew Eric)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Formal Method and its Application on Train Operation Control System of Chinese high-speed Railway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CTCS Level3 is the train control system used in Chinese High speed railway. This system makes use of GSM-R to complete ... communicating approach to ensure the safety of the system. Now in China, CTCS Level3 system

Tao Tang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

3610 N. 44th Street, Suite 250, Phoenix, AZ 85018 ● Phone 602-808-2004 ●  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 N. 44th Street, Suite 250, Phoenix, AZ 85018 ● Phone 602-808-2004 ● Fax 602-808-2099 ● www.sunzia.net 10 N. 44th Street, Suite 250, Phoenix, AZ 85018 ● Phone 602-808-2004 ● Fax 602-808-2099 ● www.sunzia.net October 17, 2013 Transmitted via electronic mail to juliea.smith@hq.doe.gov and christopher.lawrence@hq.doe.gov Subject: SunZia Southwest Transmission Project comments on Department of Energy's August 29, 2013 Federal Register Notice regarding Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects. The following comments are provided to the Department of Energy (DOE) in response to the agency's request for information on (RFI) the draft Integrated Interagency Pre-Application (IIP) Process. These comments reflect the views and suggestions of the SunZia Southwest Transmission Project (SunZia). The Bureau of Land Management is the lead agency for processing our right-of-

278

A review of the theory, methods and recent applications of high-throughput single-cell droplet microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most cell biology experiments are performed in bulk cell suspensions where cell secretions become diluted and mixed in a contiguous sample. Confinement of single cells to small, picoliter-sized droplets within a continuous phase of oil provides chemical isolation of each cell, creating individual microreactors where rare cell qualities are highlighted and otherwise undetectable signals can be concentrated to measurable levels. Recent work in microfluidics has yielded methods for the encapsulation of cells in aqueous droplets and hydrogels at kilohertz rates, creating the potential for millions of parallel single-cell experiments. However, commercial applications of high-throughput microdroplet generation and downstream sensing and actuation methods are still emerging for cells. Using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) as a benchmark for commercially available high-throughput screening, this focused review discusses the fluid physics of droplet formation, methods for cell encapsulation in liquids and hydrogels, sensors and actuators and notable biological applications of high-throughput single-cell droplet microfluidics.

Todd P Lagus; Jon F Edd

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

A WEARABLE SENSOR SUITE AND MOBILE APPLICATION FOR PARKINSON'S DISEASE TREMOR ANALYSIS IN RURAL AREAS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects approximately 7 to 10 million people worldwide. Patients who suffer from PD usually attend regular… (more)

Peltier, Kara L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Fabrication of highly transparent diamond-like carbon anti-reflecting coating for Si solar cell application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ARC grade highly transparent unhydrogenated diamond-like carbon (DLC) films were produced, directly from a-C target, using RF magnetron sputtering deposition technique, for optoelectronic applications. Optical band gap, transmittance, reflectance, sp{sup 3} fraction, I{sub D}/I{sub G}, density, and refractive index of the films have been estimated with the help of optical tools like Uv-vis spectrophotometer, ellipsometer and micro-Raman. Optimum ARC-qualities have been identified in low-temperature grown DLC films at an Ar pressure of 4 mTorr in the reactor, accomplishing its key requirements for use in silicon solar cells.

Banerjee, Amit, E-mail: erdd@iacs.res.in; Das, Debajyoti, E-mail: erdd@iacs.res.in [Nano-Science Group, Energy Research Unit, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata-700032 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Space reactor/Stirling cycle systems for high power Lunar applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NASA`s Space Exploration Initiative (SEI) has proposed the use of high power nuclear power systems on the lunar surface as a necessary alternative to solar power. Because of the long lunar night ({approximately} 14 earth days) solar powered systems with the requisite energy storage in the form of regenerative fuel cells or batteries becomes prohibitively heavy at high power levels ({approximately} 100 kWe). At these high power levels nuclear power systems become an enabling technology for variety of missions. One way of producing power on the lunar surface is with an SP-100 class reactor coupled with Stirling power converters. In this study, analysis and characterization of the SP-100 class reactor coupled with Free Piston Stirling Power Conversion (FPSPC) system will be performed. Comparison of results with previous studies of other systems, particularly Brayton and Thermionic, are made.

Schmitz, P.D. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Mason, L.S. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 810, Washington, DC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

100 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 810, Washington, DC 100 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 810, Washington, DC 20036 Washington: (202) 898-1108 / Baltimore: (410) 752-3376 Toll Free: (888) 445-3376 1 Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting 8:33 a.m. through 2:49 p.m. October 29, 2010 OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 810, Washington, DC 20036 Washington: (202) 898-1108 / Baltimore: (410) 752-3376 Toll Free: (888) 445-3376 2 National Rural Electric Cooperative Conference Center 4301 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, VA 22203 OLENDER REPORTING, INC. 1100 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 810, Washington, DC 20036 Washington: (202) 898-1108 / Baltimore: (410) 752-3376 Toll Free: (888) 445-3376 3 ELECTRICITY ADVISORY MEMBERS PRESENT: Richard Cowart

283

The Carmen-Suite: Maya Plisetskaya Challenging Soviet Culture and Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On April 20 1967, the Carmen-Suite ballet, starring Maya Plisetskaya in the leading role, premiered in Moscow’s Bolshoi Ballet Theatre. The production was immediately banned by the Soviet Ministry of Culture for perceived violations of classical...

Kalashnikova, Anna

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

284

DC Pro Software Tool Suite, Data Center Fact Sheet, Industrial Technologies Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes how DOE's Data Center Energy Profiler (DC Pro) Software Tool Suite and other resources can help U.S. companies identify ways to improve the efficiency of their data centers.

Not Available

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Understanding human-space suit interaction to prevent injury during extravehicular activity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extravehicular Activity (EVA) is a critical component of human spaceflight. Working in gas-pressurized space suits, however, causes fatigue, unnecessary energy expenditure, and injury. The problem of injury is particularly ...

Anderson, Allison P. (Allison Paige)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Development of a mechanical counter pressure Bio-Suit System for planetary exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) is critical for human spaceflight and particularly for human planetary exploration. The MIT Man Vehicle Laboratory is developing a Bio-Suit EVA System, based on mechanical counterpressure ...

Sim, Zhe Liang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

TCP/IP Security Protocol Suite for Grid Computing Architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grid computing is a term referring to the ... domains to attain a common goal. The grid can be thought of as a distributed ... paper, we propose a solution for various security issues found in High Performance Grid

Vikas Kamra; Amit Chugh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Processing and fabrication of high-{Tc} superconductors for electric power applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent developments in the powder-in-tube fabrication of (Bi,Pb){sub 2}Sr{sub 2}Ca{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} tapes include identification of high current transport regions of the superconductor core, optimization of conductor design and processing to take advantage of these high current regions, optimization of superconductor powders and heat treatments, and incorporation of flux pinning defects into the superconductor grains. These developments are briefly discussed and their implications are assessed.

Balachandran, U.; Iyer, A.N.; Goretta, K.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.; Haldar, P. [Intermagnetics General Corp., Latham, NY (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

S. Wasterlain, D. Candusso, F. Harel, X. Franois, D. Hissel. Development of test instruments and protocols for the diagnostic of fuel cell stacks. Accept dans Journal of Power Sources suite 12th  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the integration of fuel cell systems into real applications such as vehicles or stationary gensets and protocols for the diagnostic of fuel cell stacks. Accepté dans Journal of Power Sources suite à 12th Ulm for the diagnostic of fuel cell stacks Sébastien Wasterlain 1,2 , Denis Candusso 1,3,* , Fabien Harel 1,3 , Daniel

Boyer, Edmond

290

High resolution pulsed infrared cavity ringdown spectroscopy: Application to laser ablated carbon clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pass fractional absorption is 1 ppm. We observe a frequency dependent ringdown cavity transmission of 5 in molecular beams. © 2002 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1461825 INTRODUCTION Cavity ringdown rate of light trapped in a high finesse optical cavity. Since the decay rate is directly proportional

Cohen, Ronald C.

291

Towards a modular and scalable architecture for high-level smart grid applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sensor and actor population within future smart distribution grids is much denser than within transmission grids. Thereby, future grid management systems have to cope with larger amounts of data than today's grid management systems. Also, future high-level ... Keywords: component-oriented software development, modular software design, smart grids, software architecture

Niels Streekmann, Simon Giesecke, Gerriet Reents, Matthias Rohr, Michael Stadler, Nils Vogel, Martin Frenzel, Jörg Friebe, Till Luhmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Micro Catalytic Combustor with Pd/Nano-porous Alumina for High-Temperature Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the mixture temperature at the combustor inlet is set to 630 o C. Thermal conductivity of the ceramic wall Keywords: Catalytic combustion, Pd/nano-porous alumina, Ceramic tape casting, Thermophotovoltaic Abstract: A micro-scale catalytic combustor using high-precision ceramic tape-casting technology has been developed

Kasagi, Nobuhide

293

Application of High-Order Energy Stable Flux Reconstruction Schemes to the Euler Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Astronautics 49th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 4, Stanford, CA, 94305 The authors recently identified an infinite range of high-order energy stable flux method). Identification of such schemes represents a significant advance in terms of understanding why

Jameson, Antony

294

Optimizing the CORBA Component Model for High-performance and Real-time Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science, Washington University Electrical and Computer Engineering Dept. St. Louis, MO 63130, USA 2000 Conference, IFIP/ACM, Palisades, New York, April 3-7, 2000. Abstract With the recent adoption recently, however, there were no CORBA ORBs that targeted high-performance and real-time systems, which

Schmidt, Douglas C.

295

Variable selection for high-dimensional Bayesian density estimation: Application to human exposure simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory April 15, 2011 Abstract Numerous studies have linked ambient air pollution and adverse health with the eventual goal of implementing a national study of the health effects of air pollution exposure. Our: Air pollution; Bayesian nonparametrics; high dimensional data; kernel stick- breaking prior

Reich, Brian J.

296

HIGH PURITY FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS BY SOL-GEL PROCESS FOR MICROWAVE APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is dissolved in methanol at a concentration of 0.1 M. Titanium isopropoxide, Ti(C3H7O4), is then added is produced at room temperature and in dry nitrogen atmosphere. BTO powders can be obtained by calcining approach of producing BTO and BST ferroelectric materials presents several advantages, such as high purity

De Flaviis, Franco

297

Applications of high throughput (combinatorial) methodologies to electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

materials science for electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials. It is expected that high, and energy-related materials Martin L. Green, Ichiro Takeuchi, and Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers Citation: J) methodologies to electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials Martin L. Green,1 Ichiro Takeuchi,2

Rubloff, Gary W.

298

Integration of High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors into Industrial Process Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report is a summary of analyses performed by the NGNP project to determine whether it is technically and economically feasible to integrate high temperature gas cooled reactor (HTGR) technology into industrial processes. To avoid an overly optimistic environmental and economic baseline for comparing nuclear integrated and conventional processes, a conservative approach was used for the assumptions and calculations.

Lee Nelson

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

HIGH PERFORMANCE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER: APPLICATION TO THE EXCESS NOISE MEASUREMENTS OF YBCO THERMOMETERS IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THERMOMETERS IN THE TRANSITION REGION B. GUILLET, L. MÃ?CHIN AND D. ROBBES GREYC -CNRS UMR 6072, ENSICAEN et read-out electronics was developed for low impedance resistive thermometers. Using this high transition for different current bias conditions. 2. Characteristics of the thin film HTS thermometers

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

Vacuum insulation of the high energy negative ion source for fusion application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vacuum insulation on a large size negative ion accelerator with multiple extraction apertures and acceleration grids for fusion application was experimentally examined and designed. In the experiment, vacuum insulation characteristics were investigated in the JT-60 negative ion source with >1000 apertures on the grid with the surface area of {approx}2 m{sup 2}. The sustainable voltages varied with a square root of the gap lengths between the grids, and decreased with number of the apertures and with the surface area of the grids. Based on the obtained results, the JT-60SA (super advanced) negative ion source is designed to produce 22 A, 500 keV D{sup -} ion beams for 100 s.

Kojima, A.; Hanada, M.; Inoue, T.; Watanabe, K.; Taniguchi, M.; Kashiwagi, M.; Umeda, N.; Tobari, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Hilmi, A.; Kobayashi, S.; Yamano, Y. [Saitama University, Saitama, Saitama-ken, 338-8570 (Japan); Grisham, L. R. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Aerosol Resuspension Model for MELCOR for Fusion and Very High Temperature Reactor Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dust is generated in fusion reactors from plasma erosion of plasma facing components within the reactor’s vacuum vessel (VV) during reactor operation. This dust collects in cooler regions on interior surfaces of the VV. Because this dust can be radioactive, toxic, and/or chemically reactive, it poses a safety concern, especially if mobilized by the process of resuspension during an accident and then transported as an aerosol though out the reactor confinement building, and possibly released to the environment. A computer code used at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to model aerosol transport for safety consequence analysis is the MELCOR code. A primary reason for selecting MELCOR for this application is its aerosol transport capabilities. The INL Fusion Safety Program (FSP) organization has made fusion specific modifications to MELCOR. Recent modifications include the implementation of aerosol resuspension models in MELCOR 1.8.5 for Fusion. This paper presents the resuspension models adopted and the initial benchmarking of these models.

B.J. Merrill

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

The Value Proposition for High Lifetime (p-type) and Thin Silicon Materials in Solar PV Applications: Preprint  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Proposition for High Proposition for High Lifetime (p-type) and Thin Silicon Materials in Solar PV Applications Preprint Alan Goodrich, Michael Woodhouse, and Peter Hacke Presented at the 2012 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference Austin, Texas June 3-8, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-6A20-55477 June 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

303

AlGaN UV LED and Photodiodes Radiation Hardness and Space Qualifications and Their Applications in Space Science and High Energy Density Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation provides an overview of robust, radiation hard AlGaN optoelectronic devices and their applications in space exploration & high energy density physics. Particularly, deep UV LED and deep UV photodiodes are discussed with regard to their applications, radiation hardness and space qualification. AC charge management of UV LED satellite payload instruments, which were to be launched in late 2012, is covered.

Sun, K. X.

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

304

Enhanced heat transfer using wire-coil inserts for high-heat-load applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Enhanced heat-transfer techniques, used to significantly reduce temperatures and thermally induced stresses on beam-strike surfaces, are routinely used at the APS in all critical high-heat-load components. A new heat-transfer enhancement technique being evaluated at the APS involving the use of wire-coil inserts proves to be superior to previously employed techniques. Wire coils, similar in appearance to a common spring, are fabricated from solid wire to precise tolerances to mechanically fit inside standard 0.375-in-diameter cooling channels. In this study, a matrix of wire coils, fabricated with a series of different pitches from several different wire diameters, has been tested for heat-transfer performance and resulting pressure loss. This paper reviews the experimental data and the analytical calculations, compares the data with existing correlations, and interprets the results for APS front-end high-heat-load components.

Collins, J. T.; Conley, C. M.; Attig, J. N.; Baehl, M. M.

2002-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

305

Application of high-resolution geophysical methods in submarine pipeline inspection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-resolution marine geophysical equipment employed includes single beam echo sounder (SBES), multi-beam echo sounder (MBES), sub-bottom profiler (SBP) and side scan sonar (SSS). By employing SBES, the reflection curve in shallow water reveals the real condition of pipeline; while in deep water, the reflection or diffraction curve can't reveal the real condition. Compared with SBES, MBES is characterised by intuition, efficiency and high resolution. But the same as SBES, the beam angle affects its detecting ability seriously. As for the SBP, system employing Chirp technology can detect the buried conditions of pipelines. Ship speed and water depth can affect the detection. The SSS can detect the plane position, exposed height, spanning state and pipeline trench, but buried pipelines. In order to understand the whole in-situ conditions of submarine pipeline, multiple geophysical methods should be employed.

Lai Xianghua; Ye Yincan; Pan Guofu; Li Dong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Synthetic process for preparation of high surface area electroactive compounds for battery applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process is disclosed for the preparation of electroactive cathode compounds useful in lithium-ion batteries, comprising exothermic mixing of low-cost precursors and calcination under appropriate conditions. The exothermic step may be a spontaneous flameless combustion reaction. The disclosed process can be used to prepare any lithium metal phosphate or lithium mixed metal phosphate as a high surface area single phase compound.

Evenson, Carl; Mackay, Richard

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

307

HDRMC, an accelerated Monte Carlo dose calculator for high dose rate brachytherapy with CT-compatible applicators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To present a new accelerated Monte Carlo code for CT-based dose calculations in high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy. The new code (HDRMC) accounts for both tissue and nontissue heterogeneities (applicator and contrast medium). Methods: HDRMC uses a fast ray-tracing technique and detailed physics algorithms to transport photons through a 3D mesh of voxels representing the patient anatomy with applicator and contrast medium included. A precalculated phase space file for the{sup 192}Ir source is used as source term. HDRM is calibrated to calculated absolute dose for real plans. A postprocessing technique is used to include the exact density and composition of nontissue heterogeneities in the 3D phantom. Dwell positions and angular orientations of the source are reconstructed using data from the treatment planning system (TPS). Structure contours are also imported from the TPS to recalculate dose-volume histograms. Results: HDRMC was first benchmarked against the MCNP5 code for a single source in homogenous water and for a loaded gynecologic applicator in water. The accuracy of the voxel-based applicator model used in HDRMC was also verified by comparing 3D dose distributions and dose-volume parameters obtained using 1-mm{sup 3} versus 2-mm{sup 3} phantom resolutions. HDRMC can calculate the 3D dose distribution for a typical HDR cervix case with 2-mm resolution in 5 min on a single CPU. Examples of heterogeneity effects for two clinical cases (cervix and esophagus) were demonstrated using HDRMC. The neglect of tissue heterogeneity for the esophageal case leads to the overestimate of CTV D90, CTV D100, and spinal cord maximum dose by 3.2%, 3.9%, and 3.6%, respectively. Conclusions: A fast Monte Carlo code for CT-based dose calculations which does not require a prebuilt applicator model is developed for those HDR brachytherapy treatments that use CT-compatible applicators. Tissue and nontissue heterogeneities should be taken into account in modern HDR brachytherapy planning.

Chibani, Omar, E-mail: omar.chibani@fccc.edu; C-M Ma, Charlie [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111 (United States)] [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

University Health Services 910 Madison Ave, Suite 922  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the following cardiovascular or heart problems? a. Heart attack b. Stroke c. Angina d. Heart failure e. Swelling in your legs or feet (not caused by walking) f. Heart arrhythmia (heart beating irregularly) g. High blood pressure h. Any other heart problem that you've been told about 6. Have you ever had any of the following

Cui, Yan

309

APPLICATION OF HIGH TECHNOLOGY POLYMERS FOR THE IMMOBILIZATION AND SOLIDIFICATION OF COMPLEX LIQUID RADWASTE TYPES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cold War era created a massive build-up of nuclear weapon stockpiles in the former Soviet Union and the United States. The primary objective during this period was the development of nuclear technologies for weapons, space and power with lack of attention to the impact of radioactive and hazardous waste products on the environment. Effective technologies for radioactive and hazardous waste treatment and disposal were not well investigated or promoted during the arms build-up; and consequently, environmental contamination has become a major problem. These problems in Russia and the United States are well documented. Significant amounts of liquid radwaste have existed since the 1950's. The current government of the Russian Federation is addressing the issues of land remediation and permanent storage of radwaste resulting from internal and external pressures for safe cleanup and storage. The Russian government seeks new technologies from internal sources and from the West that will provide high performance, long term stability, safe for transport and for long-term storage of liquid radwaste at a reasonable economic cost. With the great diversity of liquid chemical compositions and activity levels, it is important to note that these waste products cannot be processed with commonly used methods. Different techniques and materials can be used for this problem resolution including the use of polymer materials that are capable of forming chemically stable, solidified waste products. In 2001, the V.G. Khlopin Radium Institute (St. Petersburg, Russia) and Pacific World Trade (Indianapolis, Indiana) began an extensive research and test program to determine the effectiveness and performance of high technology polymers for the immobilization and solidification of complex liquid radwaste types generated by the Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom), Russia, organization. The high tech polymers used in the tests were provided by Nochar, Inc. (Indianapolis, Indiana).

Kelley, Dennis; Brunkow, Ward; Pokhitonov, Yuri; Starchenko, Vadim

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

310

"Stokes' Second Problem in High Frequency Limit. Application to Micro (Nano)- Resonators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using kinetic equation in the relaxation approximation (RTA), we investigate a flow generated by an infinite plate oscillating with frequency $\\omega$. Geometrical simplicity of the problem allows a solution in the entire range of dimensionless frequency variation $0\\leq \\omega \\tau\\leq \\infty$, where $\\tau$ is a properly defined relaxation time. A transition from viscoelastic behavior of Newtonian fluid ($\\omega\\tau\\to 0$) to purely elastic dynamics in the limit $\\omega\\tau\\to \\infty$ is discovered. The relation of the derived solutions to microfluidics (high-frequency micro-resonators) is demonstrated on an example of a "plane oscillator .

V. Yakhot; C. Colosqui

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

311

High-voltage supply for neutron tubes in well-logging applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high voltage supply is provided for a neutron tube used in well logging. The biased pulse supply of the invention combines DC and full pulse techniques and produces a target voltage comprising a substantial negative DC bias component on which is superimposed a pulse whose negative peak provides the desired negative voltage level for the neutron tube. The target voltage is preferably generated using voltage doubling techniques and employing a voltage source which generates bipolar pulse pairs having an amplitude corresponding to the DC bias level.

Humphreys, D.R.

1982-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Device for detecting imminent failure of high-dielectric stress capacitors. [Patent application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device is described for detecting imminent failure of a high-dielectric stress capacitor utilizing circuitry for detecting pulse width variations and pulse magnitude variations. Inexpensive microprocessor circuitry is utilized to make numerical calculations of digital data supplied by detection circuitry for comparison of pulse width data and magnitude data to determine if preselected ranges have been exceeded, thereby indicating imminent failure of a capacitor. Detection circuitry may be incorporated in transmission lines, pulse power circuitry, including laser pulse circuitry or any circuitry where capacitors or capacitor banks are utilized.

McDuff, G.G.

1980-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

313

A High Resolution, Light-Weight, Synthetic Aperture Radar for UAV Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

(U) Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with General Atomics (GA) has designed and built a high resolution, light-weight, Ku-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) known as "Lynx". Although Lynx can be operated on a wide variety of manned and unmanned platforms, its design is optimized for use on medium altitude Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVS). In particular, it can be operated on the Predator, I-GNAT, and Prowler II platforms manufactured by GA. (U) The radar production weight is less than 120 lb and operates within a 3 GHz band from 15.2 GHz to 18.2 GHz with a peak output power of 320 W. Operating range is resolution and mode dependent but can exceed 45 km in adverse weather (4 mm/hr rain). Lynx has operator selectable resolution and is capable of 0.1 m resolution in spotlight mode and 0.3 m resolution in stripmap mode, over substantial depression angles (5 to 60 deg) and squint angles (broadside ±45 deg). Real-time Motion Compensation is implemented to allow high-quality image formation even during vehicle turns and other maneuvers.

Doerry, A.W.; Hensley, W.H.; Stence, J.; Tsunoda, S.I. Pace, F.; Walker, B,C.; Woodring, M.

1999-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

314

MAINTAINING HIGH RESOLUTION MASS SPECTROMETRY CAPABILITIES FOR NATIONAL NUCLEAR SECURITY ADMINISTRATION APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has a specialized need for analyzing low mass gas species at very high resolutions. The currently preferred analytical method is electromagnetic sector mass spectrometry. This method allows the NNSA Nuclear Security Enterprise (NSE) to resolve species of similar masses down to acceptable minimum detection limits (MDLs). Some examples of these similar masses are helium-4/deuterium and carbon monoxide/nitrogen. Through the 1980s and 1990s, there were two vendors who supplied and supported these instruments. However, with declining procurements and down turns in the economy, the supply of instruments, service and spare parts from these vendors has become less available, and in some cases, nonexistent. The largest NSE user of this capability is the Savannah River Site (SRS), located near Aiken, South Carolina. The Research and Development Engineering (R&DE) Group in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) investigated the areas of instrument support that were needed to extend the life cycle of these aging instruments. Their conclusions, as to the focus areas of electromagnetic sector mass spectrometers to address, in order of priority, were electronics, software and hardware. Over the past 3-5 years, the R&DE Group has designed state of the art electronics and software that will allow high resolution legacy mass spectrometers, critical to the NNSA mission, to be operated for the foreseeable future. The funding support for this effort has been from several sources, including the SRS Defense Programs, NNSA Readiness Campaign, Pantex Plant and Sandia National Laboratory. To date, electronics systems have been upgraded on one development system at SRNL, two production systems at Pantex and one production system at Sandia National Laboratory. An NSE working group meets periodically to review strategies going forward. The R&DE Group has also applied their work to the electronics for a Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer (TIMS) instrument, which applies a similar mass spectrometric technology for resolving high mass isotopes, such as plutonium and uranium. Due to non-compete clauses for DOE, all work has been performed and applied to instruments which are obsolete and are no longer supported by the original vendor.

Wyrick, S.; Cordaro, J.; Reeves, G.; Mcintosh, J.; Mauldin, C.; Tietze, K.; Varble, D.

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

315

New developments in high resolution borehole seismology and their applications to reservoir development and management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-well seismology, Reverse Vertical Seismic Profiles (VSP`s) and Crosswell seismology are three new seismic techniques that we jointly refer to as borehole seismology. Borehole seismic techniques are of great interest because they can obtain much higher resolution images of oil and gas reservoirs than what is obtainable with currently used seismic techniques. The quality of oil and gas reservoir management decisions depend on the knowledge of both the large and the fine scale features in the reservoirs. Borehole seismology is capable of mapping reservoirs with an order of magnitude improvement in resolution compared with currently used technology. In borehole seismology we use a high frequency seismic source in an oil or gas well and record the signal in the same well, in other wells, or on the surface of the earth.

Paulsson, B.N.P. [Chevron Petroleum Technology Company, La Habra, CA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Application of high?resolution interferometry to plasma density measurements on TEXT?Upgrade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High?resolution interferometry using far?infrared laser radiation is employed on TEXT?Upgrade to measure the spatial and temporal evolution of the electron density profile as well as small?scale perturbations. Perturbations to the electron density induced by naturally occurring sawtooth oscillations or externally imposed gas modulations can be used to ascertain the local particle flux and transport coefficients in the plasma interior. Density islands associated with Mirnov activity can also be resolved providing detailed information on the density profile at island X and O points. Implementation of a second orthogonal view will allow accurate determination of the density profile in the various asymmetric plasma configurations of TEXT?Upgrade.

D. L. Brower; Y. Jiang; W. A. Peebles; S. Burns; N. C. Luhmann Jr.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Applications of Emerging Parallel Optical Link Technology to High Energy Physics Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern particle detectors depend upon optical fiber links to deliver event data to upstream trigger and data processing systems. Future detector systems can benefit from the development of dense arrangements of high speed optical links emerging from the telecommunications and storage area network market segments. These links support data transfers in each direction at rates up to 120 Gbps in packages that minimize or even eliminate edge connector requirements. Emerging products include a class of devices known as optical engines which permit assembly of the optical transceivers in close proximity to the electrical interfaces of ASICs and FPGAs which handle the data in parallel electrical format. Such assemblies will reduce required printed circuit board area and minimize electromagnetic interference and susceptibility. We will present test results of some of these parallel components and report on the development of pluggable FPGA Mezzanine Cards equipped with optical engines to provide to collaborators on the Versatile Link Common Project for the HI-LHC at CERN.

Chramowicz, J.; Kwan, S.; Prosser, A.; Winchell, M.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Ultra-high-resolution alpha spectrometry for nuclear forensics and safeguards applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We will present our work on the development of ultra-high-resolution detectors for alpha particle spectrometry. These detectors, based on superconducting transition-edge sensors, offer energy resolution that is five to ten times better than conventional silicon detectors. Using these microcalorimeter detectors, the isotopic composition of mixed-actinide samples can be determined rapidly without the need for actinide separation chemistry to isolate each element, or mass spectrometry to separate isotopic signatures that can not be resolved using traditional alpha spectrometry (e.g. Pu-239/Pu-240, or Pu-238/Am-241). This paper will cover the detector and measurement system, actinide source preparation, and the quantitative isotopic analysis of a number of forensics- and safeguards-relevant radioactive sources.

Bacrania, Minesh K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Croce, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bond, Evelyn [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dry, Donald [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moody, W. Allen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lamont, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rabin, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rim, Jung [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Smith, Audrey [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Beall, James [NIST-BOULDER; Bennett, Douglas [NIST-BOULDER; Kotsubo, Vincent [NIST-BOULDER; Horansky, Robert [NIST-BOULDER; Hilton, Gene [NIST-BOULDER; Schmidt, Daniel [NIST-BOULDER; Ullom, Joel [NIST-BOULDER; Cantor, Robin [STAR CRYOELECTRONICS

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Application of High-Performance Aerogel Insulating Materials (Analysis & Test Results)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NCSX stellarator core design is built around a 3-period, highly shaped plasma with an assembly of four magnet systems, the TF coils (TF), the Modular Coils (MC), the PF Coils (PF), and the Trim Coils, that surrounds an all welded Vacuum Vessel (VV). The VV features approximately 100 ports for heating, pumping, diagnostics, and maintenance access. The entire system is surrounded by a cryostat to permit operation of the coils at liquid nitrogen temperature. The VV and coils are assembled in 120 segments. The VV segments must be placed inside the MC by sliding the coils over each end of the vessel subassembly. Installation of the port extensions is done after this operation. They are slipped through access holes in the MC onto port stubs and welded on from inside. Figures 1 & 2 illustrate the assembly of the MC over a VV section and installation of TF and port extensions to complete a sector of the VV.

Goranson, Paul L [ORNL; Freudenberg, Kevin D [ORNL; McGinnis, William Dean [ORNL; Dudek, L. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL); Zarnstorff, M. C. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Novel, fiber optic, hybrid pressure and temperature sensor designed for high-temperature gen-IV reactor applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel, fiber optic, hybrid pressure-temperature sensor is presented. The sensor is designed for reliable operation up to 1050 C, and is based on the high-temperature fiber optic sensors already demonstrated during previous work. The novelty of the sensors presented here lies in the fact that pressure and temperature are measured simultaneously with a single fiber and a single transducer. This hybrid approach will enable highly accurate active temperature compensation and sensor self-diagnostics not possible with other platforms. Hybrid pressure and temperature sensors were calibrated by varying both pressure and temperature. Implementing active temperature compensation resulted in a ten-fold reduction in the temperature-dependence of the pressure measurement. Sensors were also tested for operability in a relatively high neutron radiation environment up to 6.9x10{sup 17} n/cm{sup 2}. In addition to harsh environment survivability, fiber optic sensors offer a number of intrinsic advantages for nuclear power applications including small size, immunity to electromagnetic interference, self diagnostics / prognostics, and smart sensor capability. Deploying fiber optic sensors on future nuclear power plant designs would provide a substantial improvement in system health monitoring and safety instrumentation. Additional development is needed, however, before these advantages can be realized. This paper will highlight recent demonstrations of fiber optic sensors in environments relevant to emerging nuclear power plants. Successes and lessons learned will be highlighted. (authors)

Palmer, M. E.; Fielder, R. S.; Davis, M. A. [Luna Innovations, Incorporated, 2851 Commerce St., Blacksburg, VA 24060 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Application of laboratory results to the design of a high yield VMIS oil shale retort  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ oil shale retorts have typically been designed to process a rubble bed having uniform cross-sectional rubble properties. Edge effects during rock fragmentation commonly produce increased void at the perimeter of these low-void retorts. Previous laboratory and field results have demonstrated this void variation normal to the direction of flow causes non-uniform retort front velocities that result in significantly lower oil yield. It is unlikely that process control parameters (e.g., multiple injection points, steam, etc.) can provide any significant yield improvement in these non-uniform retorts. Any large improvement would come from modified rubblization concepts. This paper describes a modification to the retort blast design to achieve a uniform retorting front velocity in rubble with non-uniform properties (void fraction and particle size). This concept requires the creation of an anisotropic rubble bed with varying particle size and void fraction normal to the direction of flow. The unavoidable increased void at the retort perimeter is offset by modifying the ratio of the effective particle size of the rubble in the central to the perimeter regions of the retort. The results of laboratory-scale pressure drop and retorting experiments with an empirical blast design technique are used to describe how a high-yield, second generation in situ retort would be designed. 12 refs., 7 figs.

Bickel, T.C.; Ricketts, T.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Application of a highly variable gauge stabilizer at Wytch Farm to extend the ERD envelope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wytch Farm operations have demonstrated that downhole adjustable, highly variable gauge stabilizers (HVGSs) can cost-effectively extend the reach of extended-reach-drilling (ERD) wells. This paper will describe the operation and benefits of using an HVGS at the Wytch Farm ERD project to control hole inclination while minimizing time consuming oriented drilling. The first Wytch Farm well drilled with an HVGS had a Reach/TVD ratio of 4.22 at a true vertical depth (TVD) of 1603 m. The total depth was 7522 m with a reach of 6732 m, which set a new world record for reach at the subject reservoir depth. The second well drilled with an HVGS had a Reach/TVD ratio of 4.28 at a TVD of 1592 m. The HVGS was used in conjunction with an instrumented steerable motor with near-bit inclination sensor. The HVGS is controlled from the surface through a series of mud pump flow sequences, and communicates the blades` commanded and measured positions to the surface with mud pulse telemetry. Wytch Farm operations required that the HVGS telemetry be modified to Cow compatibility with previously contracted measurement-while-drilling/logging-while-drilling (MWD/LWD) systems. This paper will describe the new telemetry scheme and will document the success of the HVGS in receiving commands and in actuating to desired positions at measured depths in excess of 7300 m and departures beyond 6100 m.

Odell, A.C. II; Payne, M.L.; Cocking, D.A.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

323

The US market for high-temperature superconducting wire in transmission cable applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Telephone interviews were conducted with 23 utility engineers concerning the future prospects for high-temperature superconducting (HTS) transmission cables. All have direct responsibility for transmission in their utility, most of them in a management capacity. The engineers represented their utilities as members of the Electric Power Research Institute`s Underground Transmission Task Force (which has since been disbanded). In that capacity, they followed the superconducting transmission cable program and are aware of the cryogenic implications. Nineteen of the 23 engineers stated the market for underground transmission would grow during the next decade. Twelve of those specified an annual growth rate; the average of these responses was 5.6%. Adjusting that figure downward to incorporate the remaining responses, this study assumes an average growth rate of 3.4%. Factors driving the growth rate include the difficulty in securing rights-of-way for overhead lines, new construction techniques that reduce the costs of underground transmission, deregulation, and the possibility that public utility commissions will allow utilities to include overhead costs in their rate base. Utilities have few plans to replace existing cable as preventive maintenance, even though much of the existing cable has exceeded its 40-year lifetime. Ten of the respondents said the availability of a superconducting cable with the same life-cycle costs as a conventional cable and twice the ampacity would induce them to consider retrofits. The respondents said a cable with those characteristics would capture 73% of their cable retrofits.

Forbes, D.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Heat strain and heat stress for workers wearing protective suits at a hazardous waste site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to evaluate the effects of heat stress when full body protective suits are worn, heart rates, oral temperatures and environmental parameters were measured for five unacclimatized male workers (25-33 years of age) who performed sampling activities during hazardous waste clean-up operations. The protective ensembles included laminated PVC-Tyvec chemical resistant hood suits with rubber boots, gloves, full facepiece dual cartridge respirators and hard hats. For comparison, measurements also were performed when the men worked at a similar level of activity while they wore ordinary work clothes. A comparison of the heart rates for the men working with and without suits indicated that wearing the suits imposed a heat stress equivalent to adding 6/sup 0/ to 11/sup 0/C (11/sup 0/ to 20/sup 0/F) to the ambient WBGT index. A similar result was obtained by calculating the WBGT in the microclimate inside the suits and comparing it to the ambient WBGT. These results indicate the following: 1) there exists a significant risk of heat injury during hazardous waste work when full body protective clothing is worn, and 2) threshold limit values for heat stress established by the ACGIH must be lowered substantially before extending them to cover workers under these conditions.

Paull, J.M.; Rosenthal, F.S.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Micro-structured electrode arrays:: high-frequency discharges at atmospheric pressure—characterization and new applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Micro-structured electrode (MSE) arrays allow to generate large-area uniform glow discharges over a wide pressure range up to atmospheric pressure. The electrode dimensions in the ?m-range realized by means of modern micro-machining and galvanic techniques are small enough to generate sufficiently high electric field strengths to ignite gas discharges applying only moderate radio frequency (RF, 13.56 MHz) voltages (80–390 V in Ne, He, Ar and N2). The non-thermal plasma system is characterized by a special probe measuring the electric parameters. The MSE-driven plasmas show a different behavior from conventional discharge plasmas depending on the pressure and the type of gas. With the MSE arrays as plasma sources, several applications were developed and successfully tested: Plasma chemistry (decomposition of waste gases like CF4) and thin film deposition (e.g. SiO2 layers on various substrates). A new atmospheric pressure application realized in our lab is the sterilization of food packaging materials.

Lutz Baars-Hibbe; Christian Schrader; Philipp Sichler; Thorben Cordes; Karl-Heinz Gericke; Stephanus Büttgenbach; Siegfried Draeger

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Closed Brayton cycle power system with a high temperature pellet bed reactor heat source for NEP applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Capitalizing on past and future development of high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) technology a low mass 15 MWe closed gas turbine cycle power system using a pellet bed reactor heating helium working fluid is proposed for Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP) applications. Although the design of this directly coupled system architecture comprising the reactor/power system/space radiator subsystems is presented in conceptual form sufficient detail is included to permit an assessment of overall system performance and mass. Furthermore an attempt is made to show how tailoring of the main subsystem design characteristics can be utilized to achieve synergistic system level advantages that can lead to improved reliability and enhanced system life while reducing the number of parasitic load driven peripheral subsystems.

Albert J. Juhasz; Mohamed S. El?Genk; William Harper

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Power Modulation Investigation for High Temperature (175-200 degrees Celcius) Automotive Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid electric vehicles were re-introduced in the late 1990s after a century dominated by purely internal combustion powered engines[1]. Automotive players, such as GM, Ford, DaimlerChrysler, Honda, and Toyota, together with major energy producers, such as BPAmoco, were the major force in the development of hybrid electric vehicles. Most notable was the development by Toyota of its Prius, which was launched in Japan in 1997 and worldwide in 2001. The shift to hybrids was driven by the fact that the sheer volume of vehicles on the road had begun to tax the ability of the environment to withstand the pollution of the internal combustion engine and the ability of the fossil fuel industry to produce a sufficient amount of refined gasoline. In addition, the number of vehicles was anticipated to rise exponentially with the increasing affluence of China and India. Over the last fifteen years, major advances have been made in all the technologies essential to hybrid vehicle success, including batteries, motors, power control and conditioning electronics, regenerative braking, and power sources, including fuel cells. Current hybrid electric vehicles are gasoline internal combustion--electric motor hybrids. These hybrid electric vehicles range from micro-hybrids, where a stop/start system cuts the engine while the vehicle is stopped, and mild hybrids where the stop/start system is supplemented by regenerative braking and power assist, to full hybrids where the combustion motor is optimized for electric power production, and there is full electric drive and full regenerative braking. PSA Peugeot Citroen estimates the increased energy efficiency will range from 3-6% for the micro-hybrids to 15-25% for the full hybrids.[2] Gasoline-electric hybrids are preferred in US because they permit long distance travel with low emissions and high gasoline mileage, while still using the existing refueling infrastructure. One of the most critical areas in which technology has been advancing has been the development of electronics that can operate in the high temperature environments present in hybrid vehicles. The temperatures under the hood for a gasoline-electric hybrid vehicle are comparable to those for traditional internal combustion engines. This is known to be a difficult environment with respect to commercial-grade electronics, as there are surface and ambient temperatures ranging from 125 C to 175 C. In addition, some hybrid drive electronics are placed in even harsher environments, such as on or near the brakes, where temperatures can reach 250 C. Furthermore, number of temperature cycles experienced by electronics in a hybrid vehicle is different from that experienced in a traditional vehicle. A traditional internal combustion vehicle will have the engine running for longer periods, whereas a mild or micro-hybrid engine will experience many more starts and stops.[3] This means that hybrid automotive electronics will undergo more cycles of a potential wider temperature cycle than standard automotive electronics, which in turn see temperature cycles of 2 to 3 times the magnitude of the {Delta}T = 50 C-75 C experienced by commercial-grade electronics. This study will discuss the effects of these harsh environments on the failure mechanisms and ultimate reliability of electronic systems developed for gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles. In addition, it will suggest technologies and components that can reasonably be expected to perform well in these environments. Finally, it will suggest areas where further research is needed or desirable. Areas for further research will be highlighted in bold, italic type. It should be noted that the first area where further research is desirable is in developing a clearer understanding of the actual hybrid automotive electronics environment and how to simulate it through accelerated testing, thus: Developing specific mission profiles and accelerated testing protocols for the underhood environment for hybrid cars, as has previously been done for gasoline-powered vehicles, is an important area for further st

McCluskey, F. P.

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

328

Application of Quantitative NDE Techniques to High Level Waste Storage Tanks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As various issues make the continued usage of high-level waste storage tanks attractive, there is an increasing need to sharpen the assessment of their structural integrity. One aspect of a structural integrity program, nondestructive evaluation, is the focus of this paper. In September 2000, a program to support the sites was initiated jointly by Tanks Focus Area and Characterization, Monitoring, and Sensor Technologies Crosscutting Program of the Office of Environmental Management, Department of Energy (DOE). The vehicle was the Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, one of the National Science Foundation's Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers that is operated in close collaboration with the Ames Laboratory, USDOE. The support activities that have been provided by the center will be reviewed. Included are the organization of a series of annual workshops to allow the sites to share experiences and develop coordinated approaches to common problems, the development of an electronic source of relevant information, and assistance of the sites on particular technical problems. Directions and early results on some of these technical assistance projects are emphasized. Included are the discussion of theoretical analysis of ultrasonic wave propagation in curved plates to support the interpretation of tandem synthetic aperture focusing data to detect flaws in the knuckle region of double shell tanks; the evaluation of guided ultrasonic waves, excited by couplant free, electromagnetic acoustic transducers, to rapidly screen for inner wall corrosion in tanks; the use of spread spectrum techniques to gain information about the structural integrity of concrete domes; and the use of magnetic techniques to identify the alloys used in the construction of tanks.

Thompson, R. B.; Rehbein, D. K.; Bastiaans, G.; Terry, M.; Alers, R.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

329

Radiation from Ag high energy density Z-pinch plasmas and applications to lasing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Silver (Ag) wire arrays were recently introduced as efficient x-ray radiators and have been shown to create L-shell plasmas that have the highest electron temperature (>1.8?keV) observed on the Zebra generator so far and upwards of 30?kJ of energy output. In this paper, results of single planar wire arrays and double planar wire arrays of Ag and mixed Ag and Al that were tested on the UNR Zebra generator are presented and compared. To further understand how L-shell Ag plasma evolves in time, a time-gated x-ray spectrometer was designed and fielded, which has a spectral range of approximately 3.5–5.0?Å. With this, L-shell Ag as well as cold L{sub ?} and L{sub ?} Ag lines was captured and analyzed along with photoconducting diode (PCD) signals (>0.8?keV). Along with PCD signals, other signals, such as filtered XRD (>0.2?keV) and Si-diodes (SiD) (>9?keV), are analyzed covering a broad range of energies from a few eV to greater than 53?keV. The observation and analysis of cold L{sub ?} and L{sub ?} lines show possible correlations with electron beams and SiD signals. Recently, an interesting issue regarding these Ag plasmas is whether lasing occurs in the Ne-like soft x-ray range, and if so, at what gains? To help answer this question, a non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) kinetic model was utilized to calculate theoretical lasing gains. It is shown that the Ag L-shell plasma conditions produced on the Zebra generator at 1.7 maximum current may be adequate to produce gains as high as 6?cm{sup ?1} for various 3p???3s transitions. Other potential lasing transitions, including higher Rydberg states, are also included in detail. The overall importance of Ag wire arrays and plasmas is discussed.

Weller, M. E., E-mail: mweller@unr.edu; Safronova, A. S.; Kantsyrev, V. L.; Esaulov, A. A.; Shrestha, I.; Stafford, A.; Keim, S. F.; Shlyaptseva, V. V.; Osborne, G. C.; Petkov, E. E. [Physics Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)] [Physics Department, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Apruzese, J. P.; Giuliani, J. L. [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia 20375 (United States)] [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia 20375 (United States); Chuvatin, A. S. [Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France)] [Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

330

A test suite for quantitative comparison of hydrodynamics codes in astrophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We test four commonly used astrophysical simulation codes; Enzo, Flash, Gadget and Hydra, using a suite of numerical problems with analytic initial and final states. Situations similar to the conditions of these tests, a Sod shock, a Sedov blast and both a static and translating King sphere occur commonly in astrophysics, where the accurate treatment of shocks, sound waves, supernovae explosions and collapsed haloes is a key condition for obtaining reliable validated simulations. We demonstrate that comparable results can be obtained for Lagrangian and Eulerian codes by requiring that approximately one particle exists per grid cell in the region of interest. We conclude that adaptive Eulerian codes, with their ability to place refinements in regions of rapidly changing density, are well suited to problems where physical processes are related to such changes. Lagrangian methods, on the other hand, are well suited to problems where large density contrasts occur and the physics is related to the local density it...

Tasker, Elizabeth J; Mitchell, Nigel L; Michielsen, Dolf; Hopton, Stephen; Pearce, Frazer R; Bryan, Greg L; Theuns, Tom

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Carbon nanotube processing and chemistry for electronic interconnect applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon nanotubes possess many properties that are ideally suited for electronic applications, such as metallic/semiconducting behavior and ballistic transport. Specifically, in light of mounting concerns over the increasing ...

Wu, Tan Mau, 1979-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Summary Our short-term outlook for a wide array of energy prices has been adjusted upward as international and domestic energy supply conditions have tightened. We think that crude oil prices are as likely as not to end the year $2 to $3 per barrel higher than our previous projections. Thus, we think that the probability of West Texas Intermediate costing an average of $30 per barrel or more at midwinter is about 50 percent. On their current track, heating oil prices are likely to be about 30 percent above year-ago levels in the fourth quarter. Prices for Q1 2001 seem more likely now to match or exceed the high level seen in Q1 2000. Tight oil markets this year and an inherent propensity for high gas utilization in incremental power supply have resulted in rising North American natural gas

333

Reviving Abandoned Reservoirs with High-Pressure Air Injection: Application in a Fractured and Karsted Dolomite Reservoir  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite declining production rates, existing reservoirs in the United States contain vast volumes of remaining oil that is not being effectively recovered. This oil resource constitutes a huge target for the development and application of modern, cost-effective technologies for producing oil. Chief among the barriers to the recovery of this oil are the high costs of designing and implementing conventional advanced recovery technologies in these mature, in many cases pressure-depleted, reservoirs. An additional, increasingly significant barrier is the lack of vital technical expertise necessary for the application of these technologies. This lack of expertise is especially notable among the small operators and independents that operate many of these mature, yet oil-rich, reservoirs. We addressed these barriers to more effective oil recovery by developing, testing, applying, and documenting an innovative technology that can be used by even the smallest operator to significantly increase the flow of oil from mature U.S. reservoirs. The Bureau of Economic Geology and Goldrus Producing Company assembled a multidisciplinary team of geoscientists and engineers to evaluate the applicability of high-pressure air injection (HPAI) in revitalizing a nearly abandoned carbonate reservoir in the Permian Basin of West Texas. The Permian Basin, the largest oil-bearing basin in North America, contains more than 70 billion barrels of remaining oil in place and is an ideal venue to validate this technology. We have demonstrated the potential of HPAI for oil-recovery improvement in preliminary laboratory tests and a reservoir pilot project. To more completely test the technology, this project emphasized detailed characterization of reservoir properties, which were integrated to access the effectiveness and economics of HPAI. The characterization phase of the project utilized geoscientists and petroleum engineers from the Bureau of Economic Geology and the Department of Petroleum Engineering (both at The University of Texas at Austin) to define the controls on fluid flow in the reservoir as a basis for developing a reservoir model. The successful development of HPAI technology has tremendous potential for increasing the flow of oil from deep carbonate reservoirs in the Permian Basin, a target resource that can be conservatively estimated at more than 1.5 billion barrels. Successful implementation in the field chosen for demonstration, for example, could result in the recovery of more than 34 million barrels of oil that will not otherwise be produced. Geological and petrophysical analysis of available data at Barnhart field reveals the following important observations: (1) the Barnhart Ellenburger reservoir is similar to most other Ellenburger reservoirs in terms of depositional facies, diagenesis, and petrophysical attributes; (2) the reservoir is characterized by low to moderate matrix porosity much like most other Ellenburger reservoirs in the Permian Basin; (3) karst processes (cave formation, infill, and collapse) have substantially altered stratigraphic architecture and reservoir properties; (4) porosity and permeability increase with depth and may be associated with the degree of karst-related diagenesis; (5) tectonic fractures overprint the reservoir, improving overall connectivity; (6) oil-saturation profiles show that the oil-water contact (OWC) is as much as 125 ft lower than previous estimations; (7) production history and trends suggest that this reservoir is very similar to other solution-gas-drive reservoirs in the Permian Basin; and (8) reservoir simulation study showed that the Barnhart reservoir is a good candidate for HPAI and that application of horizontal-well technology can improve ultimate resource recovery from the reservoir.

Robert Loucks; Stephen C. Ruppel; Dembla Dhiraj; Julia Gale; Jon Holder; Jeff Kane; Jon Olson; John A. Jackson; Katherine G. Jackson

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

334

Name: Quebec Anglophone Heritage Network located at 257 Queen, Suite 400 Position Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Name: Quebec Anglophone Heritage Network ­ located at 257 Queen, Suite 400 Position Description: The Quebec Anglophone Heritage Network (QAHN) is a non-profit, non-partisan umbrella organization that promotes the preservation of the built, cultural and natural heritage of Quebec. QAHN aims to advance

335

At the Earth's surface,a complex suite of chemical,biological,and physical processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the Earth's surface,a complex suite of chemical,biological,and physical processes combines is certainly needed,and this article describes a platform on which to build the initiative to answer; stan- dardizing data and sample collection for weathering systems; decoupling complex bio- physico-chemical

Chorover, Jon

336

VAMPIRE microarray suite: a web-based platform for the interpretation of gene expression data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

density. We pre- sent here a publicly available, web-based platform that allows users to easily load data the analysis of large data sets, this interface allows users to quickly load data and characterize experimentalVAMPIRE microarray suite: a web-based platform for the interpretation of gene expression data

337

Aviation Safety Reporting System 625 Ellis St. Suite 305 Mountain View California 94043  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the event. Those who work to improve aviation safety have long recognized that incident reporting fromAviation Safety Reporting System 625 Ellis St. Suite 305 Mountain View California 94043 Cabin Crew Safety Information Article Presented at the 17th International Aircraft Cabin Safety Symposium by Linda

338

The Impact of Test Suite Granularity on the Cost-Effectiveness of Regression Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Test Suite Granularity on the Cost-Effectiveness of Regression Testing Gregg,pkallakug@cse.unl.edu ABSTRACT Regression testing is an expensive testing process used to validate software following modi cations. The cost-e ective- ness of regression testing techniques varies with characteris- tics of test

Rothermel, Gregg

339

Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand Michael D. Ernst, research advisor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand David Saff Michael D. Ernst, research and Subject Descriptors: D.2.5 (Testing and Debug� ging): Testing tools General Terms: Algorithms, Design, Performance, Verification Keywords: test factoring, mock objects, unit testing 1. Problem: slow, unfocused

Liskov, Barbara

340

On Test Suite Composition and Cost-Effective Regression Testing Gregg Rothermel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Test Suite Composition and Cost-Effective Regression Testing Gregg Rothermel , Sebastian Elbaum}@cse.unl.edu August 31, 2004 Abstract Regression testing is an expensive testing process used to re-validate software as it evolves. Various methodologies for improving regression testing processes have been explored, but the cost

Rothermel, Gregg

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand Michael D. Ernst, research advisor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Factoring: Focusing Test Suites for the Task at Hand David Saff Michael D. Ernst, research and Subject Descriptors: D.2.5 (Testing and Debug- ging): Testing tools General Terms: Algorithms, Design, Performance, Verification Keywords: test factoring, mock objects, unit testing 1. Problem: slow, unfocused

Liskov, Barbara

342

On Test Suite Composition and Cost-Effective Regression Testing. Gregg Rothermel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Test Suite Composition and Cost-Effective Regression Testing. Gregg Rothermel , Sebastian Elbaum}@cse.unl.edu August 30, 2003 Abstract Regression testing is an expensive testing process used to re-validate software as it evolves. Various methodologies for improving regression testing processes have been explored, but the cost

Rothermel, Gregg

343

The Impact of Test Suite Granularity on the CostEffectiveness of Regression Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Test Suite Granularity on the Cost­Effectiveness of Regression Testing Gregg,pkallakug@cse.unl.edu ABSTRACT Regression testing is an expensive testing process used to validate software following modifications. The cost­effective­ ness of regression testing techniques varies with characteris­ tics of test

Rothermel, Gregg

344

The Impact of Test Suite Granularity on the CostEffectiveness of Regression Testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Test Suite Granularity on the Cost­Effectiveness of Regression Testing Gregg,pkallakug@cse.unl.edu ABSTRACT Regression testing is an expensive testing process used to validate software following modi#12;cations. The cost-e#11;ective- ness of regression testing techniques varies with characteris- tics of test

Rothermel, Gregg

345

COLUMBIA RIVER INTER-TRIBAL FISH COMMISSION 700 NE Multnomah Street, Suite 1200  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLUMBIA RIVER INTER-TRIBAL FISH COMMISSION 700 NE Multnomah Street, Suite 1200 Portland, Oregon 97232 F (503) 235-4228 (503) 238-0667 F (503) 235-4228 www.critfc.org Putting fish back in the rivers and protecting the watersheds where fish live September 17, 2013 Bill Bradbury, Chairman Northwest Power

346

Hydrogen Storage Systems Analysis Meeting 955 L'Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 6000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Storage Systems Analysis Meeting 955 L'Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 6000 Washington, DC, 2005 #12;SUMMARY REPORT Hydrogen Storage Systems Analysis Meeting March 29, 2005 955 L'Enfant Plaza was to familiarize the DOE research community involved in hydrogen storage materials and process development

347

Constructed Wetlands Research Group meeting Forth Suite, SEPA Riccarton Office, Edinburgh EH14 4AP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Minutes of Constructed Wetlands Research Group meeting Forth Suite, SEPA Riccarton Office. It was set up several years ago, particularly to support the implementation of constructed farm wetlands be obtained on disk from Neil McLean. Aberdeen Council is applying for funding to implement a wetland

Heal, Kate

348

Application of high intensity UVC-LED for the removal of acetamiprid with the photo-Fenton process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Research into the use of light-emitting diodes (LED) for wastewater treatment has increased in recent years. \\{LEDs\\} are more efficient than other UV lamps because of their reduced heat dissipation and much longer life span. However, most of the UVC-LEDs that are currently available are of such low intensity that the large number of bulbs required for effective treatment of wastewater streams makes their application uneconomic. The development of higher intensity UVC-LEDs may therefore lead to more feasible technology options for wastewater treatment with UV-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). The aim of this work was to study the efficiency of high-intensity UVC-LED lamps (20 W/m2) for the removal of micropollutants with the photo-Fenton process. The pesticide acetamiprid was used as model pollutant at a concentration of 100 ?g/L in synthetic secondary effluent due to its recalcitrant nature. Degradation using a low-pressure UVC-lamp (LPL) was also assessed for comparative purposes. The process was operated at pH 2.8 and at natural pH. The volumetric photon absorption (VRPA) was calculated for the results at acidic pH, where the catalyst was soluble, to investigate the influence of iron and hydrogen peroxide concentrations on acetamiprid degradation, based on their absorption for both systems. A model was proposed and results indicated that the contribution of both hydrogen peroxide and iron to the generation of radicals was the same in the LED system. At natural pH, the high intensity LED system was effective in the removal of acetamiprid, achieving degradation in 20 min adding 1+1+1 mg Fe/L (sequential iron dosage) and 12 mg H2O2/L.

Irene Carra; José Antonio Sánchez Pérez; Sixto Malato; Olivier Autin; Bruce Jefferson; Peter Jarvis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Novel Approaches to High-Efficiency III-V Nitride Heterostructure Emitters for Next-Generation Lighting Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report research activities and technical progress on the development of high-efficiency long wavelength ({lambda} {approx} 540nm) green light emitting diodes which covers whole years of the three-year program 'Novel approaches to high-efficiency III-V nitride heterostructure emitters for next-generation lighting applications'. The research activities were focused on the development of p-type layer that has less/no detrimental thermal annealing effect on as well as excellent structural and electrical properties and the development of green LED active region that has superior luminescence quality for {lambda}{approx}540nm green LEDs. We have also studied (1) the thermal annealing effect on blue and green LED active region during the p-type layer growth; (2) the effect of growth parameters and structural factors for LED active region on electroluminescence properties; (3) the effect of substrates and orientation on electrical and electro-optical properties of green LEDs. As a progress highlight, we obtained green-LED-active-region-friendly In{sub 0.04}Ga{sub 0.96}N:Mg exhibiting low resistivity with higher hole concentration (p=2.0 x 10{sup 18} cm{sup -3} and a low resistivity of 0.5 {omega}-cm) and improved optical quality green LED active region emitting at {approx}540nm by electroluminescence. The LEDs with p-InGaN layer can act as a quantum-confined Stark effect mitigation layer by reducing strain in the QW. We also have achieved (projected) peak IQE of {approx}25% at {lambda}{approx}530 nm and of {approx}13% at {lambda}{approx}545 nm. Visible LEDs on a non-polar substrate using (11-20) {alpha}-plane bulk substrates. The absence of quantum-confined Stark effect was confirmed but further improvement in electrical and optical properties is required.

Russell Dupuis

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

high  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Highlights International Oil Markets Prices. We have raised our world oil price projection by about $2 per barrel for this month because of assumed greater compliance by OPEC to targeted cuts, especially for the second quarter of 2000 (Figure 1). The expected decline in world petroleum inventories continues (Figure 2), and, given the generally stiff resolve of OPEC members to maintain production cuts, any sign of a turnaround in stocks may be postponed until later this year than previously assumed (Q3 instead of Q2). Our current estimate for the average import cost this past January is now $25 per barrel, a nearly $15-per-barrel increase from January 1999. Crude oil prices are expected to remain at relatively high levels for the first half of 2000, but

351

Assessing the CAM5 Physics Suite in the WRF-Chem Model: Implementation, Resolution Sensitivity, and a First Evaluation for a Regional Case Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A suite of physical parameterizations (deep and shallow convection, turbulent boundary layer, aerosols, cloud microphysics, and cloud fraction) from the global climate model Community Atmosphere Model version 5.1 (CAM5) has been implemented in the regional model Weather Research and Forecasting with chemistry (WRF-Chem). A downscaling modeling framework with consistent physics has also been established in which both global and regional simulations use the same emissions and surface fluxes. The WRF-Chem model with the CAM5 physics suite is run at multiple horizontal resolutions over a domain encompassing the northern Pacific Ocean, northeast Asia, and northwest North America for April 2008 when the ARCTAS, ARCPAC, and ISDAC field campaigns took place. These simulations are evaluated against field campaign measurements, satellite retrievals, and ground-based observations, and are compared with simulations that use a set of common WRF-Chem Parameterizations. This manuscript describes the implementation of the CAM5 physics suite in WRF-Chem provides an overview of the modeling framework and an initial evaluation of the simulated meteorology, clouds, and aerosols, and quantifies the resolution dependence of the cloud and aerosol parameterizations. We demonstrate that some of the CAM5 biases, such as high estimates of cloud susceptibility to aerosols and the underestimation of aerosol concentrations in the Arctic, can be reduced simply by increasing horizontal resolution. We also show that the CAM5 physics suite performs similarly to a set of parameterizations commonly used in WRF-Chem, but produces higher ice and liquid water condensate amounts and near-surface black carbon concentration. Further evaluations that use other mesoscale model parameterizations and perform other case studies are needed to infer whether one parameterization consistently produces results more consistent with observations.

Ma, Po-Lun; Rasch, Philip J.; Fast, Jerome D.; Easter, Richard C.; Gustafson, William I.; Liu, Xiaohong; Ghan, Steven J.; Singh, Balwinder

2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

352

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN FOR A RADICALLY SMALLER, HIGHLY ADAPTIVE AND APPLICATION-FLEXIBLE MINING MACHINE FOR UTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT WORK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of this research project was to develop a preliminary ''conceptual design'' for a radically smaller, highly adaptive and application-flexible underground coal mining machine, for performing non-production utility work and/or also undertake limited production mining for the recovery of reserves that would otherwise be lost. Whereas historically, mining philosophies have reflected a shift to increasing larger mechanized systems [such as the continuous miner (CM)], specific mining operations that do not benefit from the economy of the large mining equipment are often ignored or addressed with significant inefficiencies. Developing this prototype concept will create a new class of equipment that can provide opportunities to re-think the very structure of the mining system across a broad range of possibilities, not able to be met by existing machinery. The approach involved pooling the collective input from mining professionals, using a structured listing of desired inputs in the form of a questionnaire, which was used to define the range of desired design specifications. From these inputs, a conceptual specification was blended, by the author, to embody the general concurrence of mission concepts for this machine.

Andrew H. Stern

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

353

Specification and Analysis of the AER/NCA Active Network Protocol Suite in Real-Time Maude  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Specification and Analysis of the AER/NCA Active Network Protocol Suite in Real-Time Maude Peter-Time Maude tool and the Maude formal methodology to the specification and analysis of the AER/NCA suite-sensitive behavior, the presence of probabilistic algorithms, and the composability of its components, AER/NCA poses

Ã?lveczky, Peter Csaba

354

Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theoretical prediction of high-pressure Arrhenius parameters by nonlinear regression: application to silane and disilane decomposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus theoretical prediction of high-pressure Arrhenius parameters by nonlinear regression: application to silane and disilane decomposition ... The average SiNW growth rate using disilane (Si2H6) at 400 ... ... Thermal Decomposition Mechanism of Disilane ...

Karl F. Roenigk; Klavs F. Jensen; Robert W. Carr

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Postdoctoral Position in Neuroengineering and Cognitive Engineering at the SiNAPSE Institute, Inquiries and applications are invited from highly productive, creative and ambitious young scientists for a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Postdoctoral Position in Neuroengineering and Cognitive Engineering at the SiNAPSE Institute, Singapore Inquiries and applications are invited from highly productive, creative and ambitious young Collaborators (Prof. Hasan Al-Nashash). Candidates with a PhD degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering

Adams, Mark

356

Application of slow-light photonic crystal structures for ultra-high speed all-optical analog-to-digital conversion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of slow-light photonic crystal structures for ultra-high speed all-optical analog circuits. Proposed usage of such controlled light speed devices includes buffers, synchronizer with the reduction of light speed), and slow-light all-optical nonlinear devices [9, 10] taking advantage

Park, Namkyoo

357

A HIGH ASPECT RATIO, FLEXIBLE, TRANSPARENT AND LOW-COST PARYLENE-C SHADOW MASK TECHNOLOGY FOR MICROPATTERNING APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(HAR) structures. The potential applications of this stencil technology are numerous including. Sridhar3 , A. Khademhosseini4 , A. Busnaina2 , and M. R. Dokmeci1,* 1 Department of Electrical) up to 9 times. This technology has potential applications for patterning proteins, cells and organic

Dokmeci, Mehmet

358

A test suite for quantitative comparison of hydrodynamics codes in astrophysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We test four commonly used astrophysical simulation codes; Enzo, Flash, Gadget and Hydra, using a suite of numerical problems with analytic initial and final states. Situations similar to the conditions of these tests, a Sod shock, a Sedov blast and both a static and translating King sphere occur commonly in astrophysics, where the accurate treatment of shocks, sound waves, supernovae explosions and collapsed haloes is a key condition for obtaining reliable validated simulations. We demonstrate that comparable results can be obtained for Lagrangian and Eulerian codes by requiring that approximately one particle exists per grid cell in the region of interest. We conclude that adaptive Eulerian codes, with their ability to place refinements in regions of rapidly changing density, are well suited to problems where physical processes are related to such changes. Lagrangian methods, on the other hand, are well suited to problems where large density contrasts occur and the physics is related to the local density itself rather than the local density gradient.

Elizabeth J. Tasker; Riccardo Brunino; Nigel L. Mitchell; Dolf Michielsen; Stephen Hopton; Frazer R. Pearce; Greg L. Bryan; Tom Theuns

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

359

High-speed one-dimensional spatial light modulator for Laser Direct Imaging and other patterning applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-speed one-dimensional spatial light modulator for Laser Direct Imaging and other patterning developed a one-dimensional high-speed spatial light modulator in cooperation with Micronic Mydata AB of ultraviolet light needs to be combined with high throughput and high precision. Keywords: Laser Direct Imaging

Jonsson, Fredrik

360

Thermionic/AMTEC cascade converter concept for high-efficiency space power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents trade studies that address the use of the thermionic/AMTEC cell--a cascaded, high-efficiency, static power conversion concept that appears well-suited to space power applications. Both the thermionic and AMTEC power conversion approaches have been shown to be promising candidates for space power. Thermionics offers system compactness via modest efficiency at high heat rejection temperatures, and AMTEC offers high efficiency at modest heat rejection temperature. From a thermal viewpoint the two are ideally suited for cascaded power conversion: thermionic heat rejection and AMTEC heat source temperatures are essentially the same. In addition to realizing conversion efficiencies potentially as high as 35--40%, such a cascade offers the following perceived benefits: survivability; simplicity; technology readiness; and technology growth. Mechanical approaches and thermal/electric matching criteria for integrating thermionics and AMTEC into a single conversion device are described. Focusing primarily on solar thermal space power applications, parametric trends are presented to show the performance and cost potential that should be achievable with present-day technology in cascaded thermionic/AMTEC systems.

Hagan, T.H. van; Smith, J.N. Jr. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Schuller, M. [PL/VTP, Kirtland AFB, NM (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Analysis of the Energy Savings Potential in K-5 Schools in Hot and Humid Climates: Application of High Performance Measures and Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF THE ENERGY SAVINGS POTENTIAL IN K-5 SCHOOLS IN HOT AND HUMID CLIMATES: APPLICATION OF HIGH PERFORMANCE MEASURES AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS1 Piljae Im1, and Jeff S. Haberl2 1Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 2Texas... the energy savings measures recommended as in the ASHRAE Advanced Energy Design Guides for K-12 Schools. As an effort to investigate more energy savings potential for the school building, several other energy savings measures and renewable energy...

Im, P.; Haberl, J.

362

Crystalline mesoporous tungsten oxide nanoplate monoliths synthesized by directed soft template method for highly sensitive NO{sub 2} gas sensor applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Mesoporous WO{sub 3} nanoplate monoliths were obtained by direct templating synthesis. ? Enable effective accession of the analytic molecules for the sensor applications. ? The WO{sub 3} sensor exhibited a high performance to NO{sub 2} gas at low temperature. -- Abstract: Controllable synthesis of nanostructured metal oxide semiconductors with nanocrystalline size, porous structure, and large specific surface area is one of the key issues for effective gas sensor applications. In this study, crystalline mesoporous tungsten oxide nanoplate-like monoliths with high specific surface areas were obtained through instant direct-templating synthesis for highly sensitive nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) sensor applications. The copolymer soft template was converted into a solid carbon framework by heat treatment in an inert gas prior to calcinations in air to sustain the mesoporous structure of tungsten oxide. The multidirectional mesoporous structures of tungsten oxide with small crystalline size, large specific surface area, and superior physical characteristics enabled the rapid and effective accession of analytic gas molecules. As a result, the sensor response was enhanced and the response and recovery times were reduced, in which the mesoporous tungsten oxide based gas sensor exhibited a superior response of 21,155% to 5 ppm NO{sub 2}. In addition, the developed sensor exhibited selective detection of low NO{sub 2} concentration in ammonia and ethanol at a low temperature of approximately 150 °C.

Hoa, Nguyen Duc, E-mail: ndhoa@itims.edu.vn [International Training Institute for Materials Science (ITIMS), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (HUST) (Viet Nam); Duy, Nguyen Van [International Training Institute for Materials Science (ITIMS), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (HUST) (Viet Nam)] [International Training Institute for Materials Science (ITIMS), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (HUST) (Viet Nam); Hieu, Nguyen Van, E-mail: hieu@itims.edu.vn [International Training Institute for Materials Science (ITIMS), Hanoi University of Science and Technology (HUST) (Viet Nam)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

Graystone Group Advertising, 2710 North Ave, Suite 200 Bridgeport, CT 06604 Phone: 8005440005 or 2035490060 Fax: 2035490061  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graystone Group Advertising, 2710 North Ave, Suite 200 Bridgeport, CT 06604 Phone: 8005440005 or 2035490060 Fax: 2035490061 Email: ads@graystoneadv.com Placing Recruitment Advertising To assist University departments with all recruitment and advertising needs, Clemson is now partnered

Bolding, M. Chad

364

COUPLED MULTI-GROUP NEUTRON PHOTON TRANSPORT FOR THE SIMULATION OF HIGH-RESOLUTION GAMMA-RAY SPECTROSCOPY APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The accurate and efficient simulation of coupled neutron-photon problems is necessary for several important radiation detection applications. Examples include the detection of nuclear threats concealed in cargo containers and prompt gamma neutron activation analysis for nondestructive determination of elemental composition of unknown samples.

Burns, Kimberly A.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

SnO2 functionalized AlGaN/GaN high electron mobility transistor for hydrogen sensing applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for automotive fuel [1] and fuel cells [2] applications. There is great interest in detection of hydrogen sensors for the use in hydrogen-fueled automobiles and with proton- exchange membrane (PEM) and solid oxide fuel cells for monitoring leakage of hydrogen storage equipment and fuel tanks for spacecraft and hydrogen fuel cell

Florida, University of

366

Southern Cordilleran Basaltic Andesite suite, southern Chihuahua, Mexico: A link between Tertiary continental arc and flood basalt magmatism in the North America  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mid-Cenozoic orogenic andesites and ignimbrites of western Mexico, southwestern New Mexico, and Arizona are commonly capped by basaltic andesites, most from 29--20 Ma. We refer to these mafic lavas as the Southern Cordilleran Basaltic Andesite (SCORBA) suite, and they may constitute the most extensive Cenozoic basaltic suite in North America. The SCORBA suite has trace element and isotopic characteristics of orogenic (arc) rocks (i.g., Ba/Nb/gt/40), and silica content (53--56% SiO/sub 2/) like the Grande Ronde Basalt, which represents about 80% of the volume of the Columbia River Group. Geochemical and isotopic data are presented on SCORBA lavas and rare mafic lavas (PRE-SCORBA) interlayered with older ignimbrites from a 700-km-long NE-SW transect of southern Chihuahua, Mexico. SCORBA and PRE-SCORBA lavas with relatively low K/P (/lt/7) and differing Ba/Nd (50 versus 18) have similar isotopic compositions, arguing against their isotopic signatures being controlled by crustal assimilation. Along the entire length of the transect, the basaltic rocks have /var epsilon//sub Nd/ and /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr near bulk Earth and /sup 206/Pb//sup 204/Pb and /sup 207/Pb//sup 204/Pb ratios that lie along a 1.7 Ga pseudoisochron. The Pb isotopic variation is geographically controlled, becoming more radiogenic from east to west, reflecting mixing in mantle source regions. The eastern mantle source has low/sup 206/Pb//sup 204/Pb and is a mixture of an enriched, enriched-mantle-like (EMI) component with one or more depleted components, which could include an intraplate component with relatively high Nb/Y (/gt/0.8).

Cameron, K. L.; Nimz, G. J.; Kuentz, D.; Niemeyer, S.; Gunn, S.

1989-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

367

Laboratory and Field Testing of High Performance-Zero Bleed CLSM Mixes for Future Tank Closure Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work performed in this project is intended to support the SRS and DOE complex effort to close high-level waste tanks.

Langton, C.A.

1998-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

368

Neutron Halo Isomers in Stable Nuclei and their Possible Application for the Production of Low Energy, Pulsed, Polarized Neutron Beams of High Intensity and High Brilliance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to search for neutron halo isomers populated via $\\gamma$-capture in stable nuclei with mass numbers of about A=140-180 or A=40-60, where the $4s_{1/2}$ or $3s_{1/2}$ neutron shell model state reaches zero binding energy. These halo nuclei can be produced for the first time with new $\\gamma$-beams of high intensity and small band width ($\\le$ 0.1%) achievable via Compton back-scattering off brilliant electron beams thus offering a promising perspective to selectively populate these isomers with small separation energies of 1 eV to a few keV. Similar to single-neutron halo states for very light, extremely neutron-rich, radioactive nuclei \\cite{hansen95,tanihata96,aumann00}, the low neutron separation energy and short-range nuclear force allows the neutron to tunnel far out into free space much beyond the nuclear core radius. This results in prolonged half lives of the isomers for the $\\gamma$-decay back to the ground state in the 100 ps-$\\mu$s range. Similar to the treatment of photodisintegration of the deuteron, the neutron release from the neutron halo isomer via a second, low-energy, intense photon beam has a known much larger cross section with a typical energy threshold behavior. In the second step, the neutrons can be released as a low-energy, pulsed, polarized neutron beam of high intensity and high brilliance, possibly being much superior to presently existing beams from reactors or spallation neutron sources.

D. Habs; M. Gross; P. G. Thirolf; P. Böni

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

369

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Division of Social Sciences APPLICATION FOR READER OR TUTOR SECTION I: To be completed by applicant are not currently working on campus, you must sign employment forms in the Social Sciences Academic Payroll Office (Humanities & Social Sciences, Suite 460) BEFORE YOU BEGIN WORKING. Please bring I.D. (driver's license

California at Santa Cruz, University of

370

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced High Energy Li-Ion Cell for PHEV and EV Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by 3M at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about advanced high energy Li-ion cell for PHEV...

371

Development and application of management tools within a high-mix, low-volume lean aerospace manufacturing environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design and implementation of a lean production system is a complex task requiring an intimate understanding of the fundamental lean principles. Much of the published lean literature is written at a high level of ...

McKenney, Kevin (Kevin Bryan), 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Energy, Long Cycle Life Lithium-ion Batteries for EV Applications  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by The Pennsylvania State University at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about high energy...

373

Research and development entitled smart structures for fossil energy applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two different fiber optic sensors were considered for use in ceramic cross flow filters. The intensity-based sensor was tested with a great degree of success. Even with a computerized data acquisition system, the intensity-based sensor was unable to achieve the resolution of the Fabry-Perot sensor. Another drawback of the intensity sensor is the hysteresis behavior observed over cyclic variation of temperature. We have determined that extrinsic Fabry-Perot fiber optic sensors can be used to measure thermal strains in ceramic cross-flow filters with accuracies of 0.1 {mu}m/m. The single ended approach of the reflective Fabry-Perot sensors is well suited for high thermal strain measurements; the results obtained show that the output of the fiber sensor tracks the temperature changes exactly as expected and shows no noticeable time lag between the measurand and the output signal. Sapphire fibers were manufactured with silica claddings and their spectral attenuation was measured. An intensity based sensor using sapphire fibers was fabricated and its performance calibrated. The success of the Fabry-Perot sensor has proved that such fiber optic sensors are ideally suited for smart structures'' in fossil energy applications. 11 refs., 43 figs.

Claus, R.O.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Gas Phase Diagnosis of Disilane/Hydrogen RF Glow Discharge Plasma and Its Application to High Rate Growth of High Quality Amorphous Silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gas phase diagnosis of disilane/hydrogen plasma was carried out using mass spectrometry. At high growth rate (20 Å/s) conditions using pure disilane as a source gas, the partial pressure of disilane molecules measured by mass spectrometry was more than one order of magnitude higher than in the case when mono-silane was used as a source gas. The stability of amorphous silicon films prepared from disilane was improved by the hydrogen dilution technique, although the disilane partial pressure in this condition was much higher than in the case when mono-silane was used as a source gas for device quality films. The relation between the gas phase species and the stability of the resulting films is studied. It was found that increase in disilane related signal intensity do not decrease film stability directly.

Wataru Futako; Tomoko Takagi; Tomonori Nishimoto; Michio Kondo; Isamu Shimizu; Akihisa Matsuda

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Options for improving the load matching capability of distributed photovoltaics: Methodology and application to high-latitude data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

At high latitudes, domestic electricity demand and insolation are negatively correlated on both an annual and a diurnal basis. With increasing integration of distributed photovoltaics (PV) in low-voltage distribution grids of residential areas, limits to the penetration level are set by voltage rise due to unmatched production and load. In this paper a methodology for determining the impacts of three options for increased load matching is presented and applied to high-latitude data. The studied options are PV array orientation, demand side management (DSM) and electricity storage. Detailed models for domestic electricity demand and PV output are used. An optimisation approach is applied to find an optimal distribution of PV systems on different array orientations and a best-case evaluation of DSM and a storage model are implemented. At high penetration levels, storage is the most efficient option for maximising the solar fraction, but at lower overproduction levels, the impact of DSM is equal or slightly better. An east-west orientation of PV arrays is suggested for high penetration levels, but the effect of the optimised orientation is small. Without an optimised storage operation, the overproduced power is more efficiently reduced by DSM than storage, although this is highly dependent on the applied DSM algorithm. Further research should be focused on the DSM potential and optimal operation of storage. (author)

Widen, Joakim; Waeckelgaard, Ewa [Department of Engineering Sciences, The Aangstroem Laboratory, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala (Sweden); Lund, Peter D. [Advanced Energy Systems, Helsinki University of Technology, P.O. Box 2200, FI-02015 HUT, Helsinki (Finland)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Improving Switching Performance of Power MOSFETs Used in High Rep-Rate, Short Pulse, High-Power Pulsers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As their switching and power handling characteristics improve, solid-state devices are finding new applications in pulsed power. This is particularly true of applications that require fast trains of short duration pulses. High voltage (600-1200V) MOSFETs are especially well suited for use in these systems, as they can switch at significant peak power levels and are easily gated on and off very quickly. MOSFET operation at the shortest pulse durations is not constrained by the intrinsic capabilities of the MOSFET, but rather by the capabilities of the gate drive circuit and the system physical layout. This project sought to improve MOSFET operation in a pulsed power context by addressing these issues. The primary goal of this project is to improve the switching performance of power MOSFETs for use in high rep-rate, short pulse, high-power applications by improving the design of the gate drive circuits and the circuit layouts used in these systems. This requires evaluation of new commercial gate drive circuits and upgrading the designs of LLNL-developed circuits. In addition, these circuits must be tested with the fastest available high-voltage power MOSFETs.

Cook, E G

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

377

A 1.8V 2-2 cascade Sigma-Delta modulator for high speed applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/D and D/A converters that are low voltage and high speed operation, a low voltage and high speed circuit solutions for ZA modulators are strongly demanding. However, simply reducing the supply voltage and increasing the clock frequency of the XA... modulator will introduce severe constraints to the design. In this thesis, a 1. 8V 2-2 cascade XA modulator with 1MHz signal bandwidth is realized by employing a modified ZA modulator structure which can limit the output swing of the integrator within...

Lee, Kye-Shin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

378

A summary of recent refinements to the WAKE dispersion model, a component of the HGSYSTEM/UF{sub 6} model suite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The original WAKE dispersion model a component of the HGSYSTEM/UF{sub 6} model suite, is based on Shell Research Ltd.`s HGSYSTEM Version 3.0 and was developed by the US Department of Energy for use in estimating downwind dispersion of materials due to accidental releases from gaseous diffusion plant (GDP) process buildings. The model is applicable to scenarios involving both ground-level and elevated releases into building wake cavities of non-reactive plumes that are either neutrally or positively buoyant. Over the 2-year period since its creation, the WAKE model has been used to perform consequence analyses for Safety Analysis Reports (SARs) associated with gaseous diffusion plants in Portsmouth (PORTS), Paducah (PGDP), and Oak Ridge. These applications have identified the need for additional model capabilities (such as the treatment of complex terrain and time-variant releases) not present in the original utilities which, in turn, has resulted in numerous modifications to these codes as well as the development of additional, stand-alone postprocessing utilities. Consequently, application of the model has become increasingly complex as the number of executable, input, and output files associated with a single model run has steadily grown. In response to these problems, a streamlined version of the WAKE model has been developed which integrates all calculations that are currently performed by the existing WAKE, and the various post-processing utilities. This report summarizes the efforts involved in developing this revised version of the WAKE model.

Yambert, M.W.; Lombardi, D.A.; Goode, W.D. Jr.; Bloom, S.G.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Report Period: EIA ID NUMBER: Instructions: (e.g., Street Address, Bldg, Floor, Suite)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Report Period: Report Period: EIA ID NUMBER: Instructions: (e.g., Street Address, Bldg, Floor, Suite) Secure File Transfer option available at: (e.g., PO Box, RR) Electronic Transmission: The PC Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) is available. Zip Code: - If interested in software, call (202) 586-9659. Email form to: Fax form to: (202) 586-9772 - - Mail form to: Oil & Gas Survey - - U.S. Department of Energy Ben Franklin Station PO Box 279 Washington, DC 20044-0279 Questions? Call toll free: 1-800-638-8812 OOG.SURVEYS@eia.doe.gov Contact Name: Version No.: 2013.01 Date of this Report: Mo Day State: Year Phone No.: DOMESTIC CRUDE OIL FIRST PURCHASE REPORT Company Name: A completed form must be filed by the 30th calendar day following the end of the report

380

PUBLIC ACCESS: 955 LEnfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 1500, Washington, DC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

th th Meeting Unconventional Resources Technology Advisory Committee July 14, 2009 1:00 p.m. EASTERN WebEx/Conference Call Meeting PUBLIC ACCESS: 955 L'Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 1500, Washington, DC AGENDA 12:30 Registration; Begin call in to 800-number and login to WebEx Members, Chair, Designated Federal Officer, and Committee Manager 1:00 Call to Order - Welcome Chris Hall, Committee Chair Member Roll Call and the presence of a quorum Elena Melchert Committee Manager Meeting purpose and review of the agenda; Insights regarding future funding and other pending legislation; Draft 2010 Annual Plan delivery, and pending meetings in September and October 2009 Guido DeHoratiis Designated Federal Officer 1:25 Report from the Standing Subcommittee and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

DOE-STD-1167-2003; Respiratory Acceptance Program for Supplied-Air Suits  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1167-2003 OCTOBER 2003 DOE STANDARD THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY RESPIRATORY ACCEPTANCE PROGRAM FOR SUPPLIED-AIR SUITS U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax: (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. ii DOE-STD-1167-2003 FOREWORD This non-mandatory Technical Standard provides the Department of Energy (DOE) and contractor

382

PUBLIC ACCESS: 955 LEnfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 1500, Washington, DC  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 10 th Meeting Ultra-Deepwater Advisory Committee July 15, 2009, 8:00 a.m. EASTERN, WebEx/Conference Call Meeting PUBLIC ACCESS: 955 L'Enfant Plaza North, SW, Suite 1500, Washington, DC AGENDA 7:30 Registration; Begin Member call in 8:00 Call to Order - Welcome Arnis Judzis, Vice-Chair Member Roll Call and the presence of a quorum Elena Melchert, Committee Manager Meeting purpose and review of the agenda; Insights regarding future funding and other pending legislation; Draft 2010 Annual Plan delivery, and pending meetings in September and October 2009 Guido DeHoratiis Designated Federal Officer 8:25 Report from the Standing Subcommittee regarding Process; Member Q/A and Discussion Mary Jane Wilson

383

Application of High-Temperature Simulated Distillation to the Residuum Oil Supercritical Extraction Process in Petroleum Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......fractions from the residual oil supercritical...JOURNAL ARTICLE The gas chromatographic method...presented for refinery residual feed, deasphalted...fractions from the residual oil supercritical...fuels, gasoline, turbine (jet) fuels, diesel...high-value deasphalted gas oil (DAO) from......

Joe C. Raia; Dan C. Villalanti; Murugesan Subramanian; Bruce Williams

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 34, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 1998 1059 A High-Performance Generalized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ac electric energy conversion. As shown in Fig. 1, the classical VSI has a relatively simple by programming high-frequency voltage pulses. Carrier-based PWM methods employ the "per-carrier-cycle volt (modulation) waveforms are compared with the triangular carrier wave and the intersections define

Hava, Ahmet

385

Development of Oxidative Lime Pretreatment and Shock Treatment to Produce Highly Digestible Lignocellulose for Biofuel and Ruminant Feed Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enhanced the 72-h glucan digestibility of several promising biomass feedstocks: bagasse (74.0), corn stover (92.0), poplar wood (94.0), sorghum (71.8), and switchgrass (89.0). Highly digestible lignocellulose can also be used as ruminant animal feed. Shock...

Falls, Matthew David

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

386

Application of Self-Propagating High Temperature Synthesis to the Fabrication of Actinide Bearing Nitride and Other Ceramic Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project uses an exothermic combustion synthesis reaction, termed self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS), to produce high quality, reproducible nitride fuels and other ceramic type nuclear fuels (cercers and cermets, etc.) in conjunction with the fabrication of transmutation fuels. The major research objective of the project is determining the fundamental SHS processing parameters by first using manganese as a surrogate for americium to produce dense Zr-Mn-N ceramic compounds. These fundamental principles will then be transferred to the production of dense Zr-Am-N ceramic materials. A further research objective in the research program is generating fundamental SHS processing data to the synthesis of (i) Pu-Am-Zr-N and (ii) U-Pu-Am-N ceramic fuels. In this case, Ce will be used as the surrogate for Pu, Mn as the surrogate for Am, and depleted uranium as the surrogate for U. Once sufficient fundamental data has been determined for these surrogate systems, the information will be transferred to Idaho National Laboratory (INL) for synthesis of Zr-Am-N, Pu-Am-Zr-N and U-Pu-Am-N ceramic fuels. The high vapor pressures of americium (Am) and americium nitride (AmN) are cause for concern in producing nitride ceramic nuclear fuel that contains Am. Along with the problem of Am retention during the sintering phases of current processing methods, are additional concerns of producing a consistent product of desirable homogeneity, density and porosity. Similar difficulties have been experienced during the laboratory scale process development stage of producing metal alloys containing Am wherein compact powder sintering methods had to be abandoned. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop a low-temperature or low–heat fuel fabrication process for the synthesis of Am-containing ceramic fuels. Self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS), also called combustion synthesis, offers such an alternative process for the synthesis of Am nitride fuels. Although SHS takes thermodynamic advantage of the high combustion temperatures of these exothermic SHS reactions to synthesize the required compounds, the very fast heating, reaction and cooling rates can kinetically generate extremely fast reaction rates and facilitate the retention of volatile species within the rapidly propagating SHS reaction front. The initial objective of the research program is to use Mn as the surrogate for Am to synthesize a reproducible, dense, high quality Zr-Mn-N ceramic compound. Having determined the fundamental SHS reaction parameters and optimized SHS processing steps using Mn as the surrogate for Am, the technology will be transferred to Idaho National Laboratory to successfully synthesize a high quality Zr-Am-N ceramic fuel.

John J. Moore, Marissa M. Reigel, Collin D. Donohoue

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

387

Recent progress and future challenges on the use of high performance magnetic nano-adsorbents in environmental applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The application of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) as adsorbent materials in solving environmental problems has recently received great attention due to their unique physical and chemical properties, which make them superior to traditional adsorbents. The ability of functionalization by anchoring specific functional groups on their surface makes possible the synthesis of different types of engineered \\{MNPs\\} for the removal of a large number of both organic and inorganic contaminants. However, the successful implementation of the MNPs-based adsorption technology needs of the evaluation and optimization of the magnetic recovery stages, the regeneration process and the management of both the spent regeneration solution and the exhausted adsorbent. This work presents a comprehensive review on the use of \\{MNPs\\} in the treatment of polluted wastewaters with toxic metals and dyes. In addition, the magnetic recovery options and the possible strategies that can be employed for the nanomaterials regeneration and reuse are analyzed.

Jenifer Gómez-Pastora; Eugenio Bringas; Inmaculada Ortiz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Development and testing of non-bonded flexible pipe for high temperature/high pressure/deep water/dynamic sour service applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-bonded flexible risers are a critical element of floating systems for offshore oil and gas production. This paper reviews product innovations and prototype testing of risers developed to cope with severe environments. Full scale dynamic test results with combined tension, bending, internal pressure and heating, and with these structural loads combined with sour production fluids introduced into the bore of the pipe are presented. The loading conditions for the tests were based on floating production systems in North Sea environments. End fittings must assure a leak tight transition to subsea and surface facilities when subjected to the pipe applied loads, thermal cycling during startup and shutdowns, and changing of the fluid barrier material properties over the service life. The results of analyses and tests conducted to verify the integrity of the end fitting with thermal cycling and fluid barrier changes due to the high temperature production fluids is presented. Conventional flexible pipe employs carbon steel for axial and hoop structural reinforcement. In deeper water, the tension loads induced by pipe weight increase stress levels in the pipe structure and deck and installation loads. As pipe stresses increase, larger cross sectional areas of the steel members are required, further increasing the weight. To reduce the unit weight, while retaining the required strength levels, composite materials have been developed to replace the steel tensile armor. The composite consists of carbon fibers in a thermoplastic matrix. Tests to verify the suitability of the material in the flexible pipe annulus environment and to evaluate the performance of the composite pipe structure are presented.

Kalman, M.; Belcher, J.; Chen, B.; Fraser, D.; Ethridge, A.; Loper, C.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

389

RAPID, MACHINE-LEARNED RESOURCE ALLOCATION: APPLICATION TO HIGH-REDSHIFT GAMMA-RAY BURST FOLLOW-UP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the number of observed gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) continues to grow, follow-up resources need to be used more efficiently in order to maximize science output from limited telescope time. As such, it is becoming increasingly important to rapidly identify bursts of interest as soon as possible after the event, before the afterglows fade beyond detectability. Studying the most distant (highest redshift) events, for instance, remains a primary goal for many in the field. Here, we present our Random Forest Automated Triage Estimator for GRB redshifts (RATE GRB-z ) for rapid identification of high-redshift candidates using early-time metrics from the three telescopes onboard Swift. While the basic RATE methodology is generalizable to a number of resource allocation problems, here we demonstrate its utility for telescope-constrained follow-up efforts with the primary goal to identify and study high-z GRBs. For each new GRB, RATE GRB-z provides a recommendation-based on the available telescope time-of whether the event warrants additional follow-up resources. We train RATE GRB-z using a set consisting of 135 Swift bursts with known redshifts, only 18 of which are z > 4. Cross-validated performance metrics on these training data suggest that {approx}56% of high-z bursts can be captured from following up the top 20% of the ranked candidates, and {approx}84% of high-z bursts are identified after following up the top {approx}40% of candidates. We further use the method to rank 200 + Swift bursts with unknown redshifts according to their likelihood of being high-z.

Morgan, A. N.; Richards, Joseph W.; Butler, Nathaniel R.; Bloom, Joshua S. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Long, James; Broderick, Tamara, E-mail: amorgan@astro.berkeley.edu [Department of Statistics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3860 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

390

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: The Application of High Energy Ignition and Boosting/Mixing Technology to Increase Fuel Economy in Spark Ignition Gasoline Engines by Increasing EGR Dilution Capability  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by General Motors LLC at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about the application of high...

391

Microwave Metamaterial Applications using Complementary Split Ring Resonators and High Gain Rectifying Reflectarray for Wireless Power Transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. ..................................................................................... 50 Fig. 28. (a) Half-wave rectifier with capacitor and (b) its waveforms ............................ 52 Fig. 29. Diode current-voltage characteristic curves with the incident fundamental and diode junction voltage waveforms... and 1930?s. In the 1950?s, the development of high power and efficiency micrwave tube by Raytheon Company [18] opened the modern WPT era. The first rectenna was invented in the 1960?s by combining a half-wave dipole antenna and a single diode by W...

Ahn, Chi Hyung

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

392

The application of metal cutting technologies in tasks performed in radioactive environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and use of equipment to perform work in radioactive environments is uniquely challenging. Some tasks require that the equipment be operated by a person wearing a plastic suit or full face respirator and donning several pairs of rubber gloves. Other applications may require that the equipment be remotely controlled. Other important, design considerations include material compatibility, mixed waste issues, tolerance to ionizing radiation, size constraints and weight capacities. As always, there is the ``We need it ASAP`` design criteria. This paper describes four applications where different types of metal cutting technologies were used to successfully perform tasks in radioactive environments. The technologies include a plasma cutting torch, a grinder with an abrasive disk, a hydraulic shear, and a high pressure abrasive water jet cutter.

Fogle, R.F.; Younkins, R.M.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

EXTENDING NUCLEAR ENERGY TO NON-ELECTRICAL APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electricity represents less than half of all energy consumed in the United States and globally. Although a few commercial nuclear power plants world-wide provide energy to non-electrical applications such as district heating and water desalination, nuclear energy has been largely relegated to base-load electricity production. A new generation of smaller-sized nuclear power plants offers significant promise for extending nuclear energy to many non-electrical applications. The NuScale small modular reactor design is especially well suited for these non-traditional customers due to its small unit size, very robust reactor protection features and a highly flexible and scalable plant design. A series of technical and economic evaluation studies have been conducted to assess the practicality of using a NuScale plant to provide electricity and heat to a variety of non-electrical applications, including water desalination, oil refining, and hydrogen production. The studies serve to highlight the unique design features of the NuScale plant for these applications and provide encouraging conclusions regarding the technical and economic viability of extending clean nuclear energy to a broad range of non-electrical energy consumers.

R. Boardman; M. McKellar; D. Ingersoll; Z. Houghton; , R. Bromm; C. Desportes

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Potential application of curium neutron detection in the high reliability safeguards approach for remotely handled nuclear facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The study presented in this paper is part of a series of quantitative modeling efforts to characterize the neutron flux for the major subsystems in a pyroprocessing facility. An MCNPX model has established the electroreduction process, in which uranium oxide is converted into a metal product by electrochemical methods. This process is important because the electroreduction stage is the earliest point in the system where a diversion attempt could occur. This paper will present neutron flux for a commercial batch size. The intent of this study is to determine if the magnitude of the flux is sufficiently high as to affect facility design. (author)

Borrelli, R.A.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

An investigation of high pressure/late cycle injection of CNG (compressed natural gas) as a fuel for rail applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a demonstration effort to investigate the use of natural gas in a medium-speed diesel engine. The effort was unique in the sense that natural gas was injected directly into the combustion chamber late in the compression stroke, as a high pressure gas rather than through low pressure fumigation or low pressure injection early in the compression stroke. Tests were performed on a laboratory two-cylinder, two-stroke cycle medium-speed diesel engine in an attempt to define its ability to operate on the high pressure/late cycle injection concept and to define the performance and emission characteristics of the engine under such operation. A small quantity of No.-2 diesel fuel was injected into the cylinder slightly before the gas injection to be used as an ignition source for the gas. Pilot (diesel fuel) and main (natural gas) timing and injection duration were systematically varied to optimize engine performance. The test demonstrated that the medium-speed engine was capable of attaining full rated speed and load (unlike the low pressure approach) with very low percentages of pilot injection with the absence of knock. Thermal efficiency was as much as 10 percent less than thermal efficiency levels obtained with neat diesel fuel. This was primarily due to the placement and injection characteristics of the pilot and main injectors. Optimization of the injection system would undoubtedly result in increased thermal efficiency. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Wakenell, J.F.; O'Neal, G.G.; Baker, Q.A.; Urban, C.M.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Computer Aided Multi-scale Design of SiC-Si3N4 Nanoceramic Composites for High-Temperature Structural Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is estimated that by using better and improved high temperature structural materials, the power generation efficiency of the power plants can be increased by 15% resulting in significant cost savings. One such promising material system for future high-temperature structural applications in power plants is Silicon Carbide-Silicon Nitride (SiC-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) nanoceramic matrix composites. The described research work focuses on multiscale simulation-based design of these SiC-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanoceramic matrix composites. There were two primary objectives of the research: (1) Development of a multiscale simulation tool and corresponding multiscale analyses of the high-temperature creep and fracture resistance properties of the SiC-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposites at nano-, meso- and continuum length- and timescales; and (2) Development of a simulation-based robust design optimization methodology for application to the multiscale simulations to predict the range of the most suitable phase morphologies for the desired high-temperature properties of the SiC-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} nanocomposites. The multiscale simulation tool is based on a combination of molecular dynamics (MD), cohesive finite element method (CFEM), and continuum level modeling for characterizing time-dependent material deformation behavior. The material simulation tool is incorporated in a variable fidelity model management based design optimization framework. Material modeling includes development of an experimental verification framework. Using material models based on multiscaling, it was found using molecular simulations that clustering of the SiC particles near Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} grain boundaries leads to significant nanocomposite strengthening and significant rise in fracture resistance. It was found that a control of grain boundary thicknesses by dispersing non-stoichiometric carbide or nitride phases can lead to reduction in strength however significant rise in fracture strength. The temperature dependent strength and microstructural stability was also significantly depended upon the dispersion of new phases at grain boundaries. The material design framework incorporates high temperature creep and mechanical strength data in order to develop a collaborative multiscale framework of morphology optimization. The work also incorporates a computer aided material design dataset development procedure where a systematic dataset on material properties and morphology correlation could be obtained depending upon a material processing scientist's requirements. Two different aspects covered under this requirement are: (1) performing morphology related analyses at the nanoscale and at the microscale to develop a multiscale material design and analyses capability; (2) linking material behavior analyses with the developed design tool to form a set of material design problems that illustrate the range of material design dataset development that could be performed. Overall, a software based methodology to design microstructure of particle based ceramic nanocomposites has been developed. This methodology has been shown to predict changes in phase morphologies required for achieving optimal balance of conflicting properties such as minimal creep strain rate and high fracture strength at high temperatures. The methodology incorporates complex material models including atomistic approaches. The methodology will be useful to design materials for high temperature applications including those of interest to DoE while significantly reducing cost of expensive experiments.

Vikas Tomer; John Renaud

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

High-Temperature Characterization of SiCN Ceramics for Wireless Passive Sensing Applications Up to 500oC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Online, In-Situ Monitoring Online, In-Situ Monitoring Combustion Turbines Using Wireless Passive Ceramic Sensors Xun Gong 1 , Linan An 2 , and Chengying Xu 3 1. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) 2. Advanced Materials Processing and Analysis Center (AMPAC) 3. Department of Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering (MMAE) Motivation  Harsh Environments  Combustion turbines  Physical Parameters Need to be Sensed  Higher efficiency and less pollution  Performance and reliability improvement  Sensor Requirement  Survive in harsh environments (1300 o C)  High accuracy  No electronic components  Wireless and passive  Small size  Robust and inexpensive  New materials needed Courtesy http://www.powerlabs.org/turbine.htm

398

A High-Throughput Study of PtNiZr Catalysts for Application in PEM Fuel Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of adding Zr to PtNi oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalyst alloys were examined in a study aimed at probing the possibility of creating catalysts with enhanced resistance to corrosion in a PEM fuel cell environment. Samples consisting of pure Pt or PtNiZr alloys with a range of compositions (not exceeding 11 at.% Zr) were fabricated using co-sputter deposition. A high-throughput fabrication approach was used wherein 18 distinct thin film catalyst alloy samples with varying compositions were deposited onto a large-area substrate with individual Au current collector structures. A multi-channel pseudo-potentiostat allowed for the simultaneous quantitative study of catalytic activity for all 18 electrodes in a single test bath, a first for the study of ORR electrocatalysts. A properly stirred oxygenated 1 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} electrolyte solution was used to provide each electrode with a steady-state flow of reactants during electrochemical evaluation. The onset potentials, absolute current density values, and Tafel analysis data obtained using this technique were compared with literature reports. The analyses showed that most PtNiZr alloys tested offered improvements over pure Pt, however those surfaces with a high mole fraction (>4 at.%) of Zr exhibited reduced activity that was roughly inversely correlated to the amount of Zr present. Film composition, morphology, and crystallographic properties were examined using X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), SEM, and synchrotron X-ray diffraction. These data were then correlated with electrochemical data to elucidate the relationships between composition, structure, and relative performance for this ternary system.

Whitacre, J.F.; Valdez, T.I.; Narayanan, S.R.

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

399

Office of Technology Transfer and Innovation Partnerships, Innovative Technologies Complex, Suite 2100 Mailing Address: PO Box 6000, Binghamton, New York 13902-6000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Office of Technology Transfer and Innovation Partnerships, Innovative Technologies Complex, Suite Hancock Assistant Director for Licensing Binghamton University Office of Technology Transfer

Suzuki, Masatsugu

400

08/15/2006 04:46 PMGeorgia Tech develops a `SWAN` suit Page 1 of 1http://science.monstersandcritics.com/news/printer_1190655.php  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

://science.monstersandcritics.com/news/printer_1190655.php From Monsters and Critics.com SCIENCE NEWS Georgia Tech develops a `SWAN` suit By UPI Aug 15

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Innovative Power?Augmentation?Guide?Vane Design of Wind?Solar Hybrid Renewable Energy Harvester for Urban High Rise Application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To generate greater quantities of energy from wind the most efficient solution would be by increasing the wind speed. Also due to the decreasing number of economic wind energy sites there are plans to place wind turbines closer to populated areas. To site wind turbines out from rural areas the current problems of wind turbines need to be resolved especially visual impact poor starting behaviour in low wind speeds noise and danger caused by blade failure. In this paper a patented wind?solar hybrid renewable energy harvester is introduced. It is a compact system that integrates and optimizes several green elements and can be built on the top (or between upper levels) of high rise buildings or structures. This system can be used in remote and urban areas particularly at locations where the wind speed is lower and more turbulent. It overcomes the inferior aspect on the low wind speed by guiding and increasing the speed of the high altitude free?stream wind through fixed or yaw?able power?augmentation?guide?vane (PAGV) before entering the wind turbine (straight?bladed vertical axis wind turbine VAWT in this project) at center portion. PAGV is a new and innovative design where its appearance or outer design can be blended into the building architecture without negative visual impact. From the studies it is shown that the wind speed increment in the PAGV can be produced according to the Bernoulli’s principle. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation is used to optimize the geometry of the PAGV and the simulation results demonstrated the technical possibility of this innovative concept. The PAGV replaces the free air?stream from wind by multiple channels of speed?increased and directional?controlled air?stream. With the PAGV this lift?type VAWT can be self?started and its size can be reduced for a given power output. The design is also safer since the VAWT is enclosed by the PAGV. By integrating the PAGV with the VAWT (the diameter and height of PAGV are 2 times larger than the VAWT’s) the predicted power generated (at free?stream wind speed ?=?3.5? m / s ) is 1.25 times higher than the VAWT that has the same size as the PAGV. This new wind energy generation configuration should generate interest in the international market even for regions with weaker winds. The correlation between CFD simulation and wind tunnel test will be carried out and reported elsewhere.

Chong Wen Tong; M. Z. Zainon; Poh Sin Chew; Soo Chun Kui; Wee Seng Keong; Pan Kok Chen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

STATE OF COLORADO 1560 Broadway, Suite 1600, Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 866-2723 fax (303) 866-4266  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STATE OF COLORADO 1560 Broadway, Suite 1600, Denver, Colorado 80202 (303) 866-2723 fax (303) 866-4266 http://highered.colorado.gov DEPARTMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION John Hickenlooper Governor Lt. Gov. Joseph A. Garcia Executive Director EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHER EDUCATION TRANSFER AGREEMENT Between COLORADO

Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

403

Underground coal mining is an industry well suited for robotic automation. Human operators are severely hampered in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Underground coal mining is an industry well suited for robotic automation. Human operators approach meets the requirements for cutting straight entries and mining the proper amount of coal per cycle. Introduction The mining of soft materials, such as coal, is a large industry. Worldwide, a total of 435 million

Stentz, Tony

404

Compact Accelerated Life Testing with Expanded Measurement Suite John Raguse, Russell Geisthardt, Jennifer Drayton, James R. Sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compact Accelerated Life Testing with Expanded Measurement Suite John Raguse, Russell Geisthardt -- An accelerated-life-testing (ALT) system has been built at the Colorado State University Photovoltaics Laboratory, electroluminescence, current measurement. I. INTRODUCTION A state-of-the-art accelerated-life-testing (ALT) system

Sites, James R.

405

A global approach of the representativity concept: Application on a high-conversion light water reactor MOX lattice case  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of new types of reactor and the increase in the safety specifications and requirements induce an enhancement in both nuclear data knowledge and a better understanding of the neutronic properties of the new systems. This enhancement is made possible using ad hoc critical mock-up experiments. The main difficulty is to design these experiments in order to obtain the most valuable information. Its quantification is usually made by using representativity and transposition concepts. These theories enable to extract some information about a quantity of interest (an integral parameter) on a configuration, but generally a posteriori. This paper presents a more global approach of this theory, with the idea of optimizing the representativity of a new experiment, and its transposition a priori, based on a multiparametric approach. Using a quadratic sum, we show the possibility to define a global representativity which permits to take into account several quantities of interest at the same time. The maximization of this factor gives information about all quantities of interest. An optimization method of this value in relation to technological parameters (over-clad diameter, atom concentration) is illustrated on a high-conversion light water reactor MOX lattice case. This example tackles the problematic of plutonium experiment for the plutonium aging and a solution through the optimization of both the over-clad and the plutonium content. (authors)

Santos, N. D.; Blaise, P.; Santamarina, A. [CEA, DEN/DER/SPRC Cadarache, F-13108 Saint Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Application of single ion activity coefficients to determine solvent extraction mechanism for components of high level nuclear waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The TRUEX solvent extraction process is being developed to remove and concentrate transuranic (TRU) elements from high-level and TRU radioactive wastes currently stored at US Department of Energy sites. Phosphoric acid is one of the chemical species of concern at the Hanford site where bismuth phosphate was used to recover plutonium. The mechanism of phosphoric acid extraction with TRUEX-NPH solvent at 25{degrees}C was determined by phosphoric acid distribution ratios, which were measured by using phosphoric acid radiotracer and a variety of aqueous phases containing different concentrations of nitric acid and nitrate ions. A model was developed for predicting phosphoric acid distribution ratios as a function of the thermodynamic activities of nitrate ion and hydrogen ion. The Generic TRUEX Model (GTM) was used to calculate these activities based on the Bromley method. The derived model supports CMPO and TBP extraction of a phosphoric acid-nitric acid complex and a CMPO-phosphoric acid complex in TRUEX-NPH solvent.

Nunez, L.; Vandegrift, G.F.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

> REPLACE THIS LINE WITH YOUR PAPER IDENTIFICATION NUMBER (DOUBLE-CLICK HERE TO EDIT) < 1 Abstract--In high current, high voltage, high temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and high current applications, such as HVDC transmission [1] or pulsed power application [2], a thyristor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

408

Nuclear interactions in high energy heavy ions and applications in astrophysics. Technical progress report, 1 April 1992--31 March 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective is to study the mechanisms and the energy dependence of heavy ion fragmentation by studying the reactions of heavy ion projectiles (e.g. {sup 4}He, {sup 16}O, {sup 20}Ne, {sup 28}Si, {sup 56}Fe) in a variety of targets (H, He, C, Si, Cu, Pb) and at a number of beam energies exceeding 0.1 GeV/nucleon. The results have application to questions in high-energy nuclear astrophysics. Most of the discussion is on low-energy {sup 16}O,{sup 28}Si data analysis. The description includes analysis procedures and techniques, detector calibrations, data selections and normalizations. Cross section results for the analysis are also presented. 83 figs., 6 tabs., 73 refs.

Wefel, J.P.; Guzik, T.G.

1993-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

409

Nuclear interactions in high energy heavy ions and applications in astrophysics. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State Univ. , Baton Rouge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The overall objective is to study the mechanisms and the energy dependence of heavy ion fragmentation by studying the reactions of heavy ion projectiles (e.g. [sup 4]He, [sup 16]O, [sup 20]Ne, [sup 28]Si, [sup 56]Fe) in a variety of targets (H, He, C, Si, Cu, Pb) and at a number of beam energies exceeding 0.1 GeV/nucleon. The results have application to questions in high-energy nuclear astrophysics. Most of the discussion is on low-energy [sup 16]O,[sup 28]Si data analysis. The description includes analysis procedures and techniques, detector calibrations, data selections and normalizations. Cross section results for the analysis are also presented. 83 figs., 6 tabs., 73 refs.

Wefel, J.P.; Guzik, T.G.

1993-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

410

Theoretical description of the high-field susceptibility of magnetically ordered transition metal systems with applications to Fe, Co, Ni, and Fe1?xCox  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A theoretical description of the high-field susceptibility of magnetically ordered transition metal systems is presented that is based on linear response theory formulated using the Green’s function technique. The approach allows to treat all spin and orbital contributions in a consistent way on the same footing. In contrast to previous work, the Landau susceptibility is included and spin-orbit induced contributions to the susceptibility are accessible by using a fully relativistic formulation. As an application of our approach, results obtained for the ferromagnetic transition metals Fe, Co, and Ni, as well as for the alloy system Fe1?xCox, are presented. These are discussed and compared to corresponding experimental data.

S. Mankovsky and H. Ebert

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

M5Si3(M=Ti, Nb, Mo) Based Transition-Metal Silicides for High Temperature Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transition metal silicides are being considered for future engine turbine components at temperatures up to 1600 C. Although significant improvement in high temperature strength, room temperature fracture toughness has been realized in the past decade, further improvement in oxidation resistance is needed. Oxidation mechanism of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}-based alloys was investigated. Oxidation behavior of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}-based alloy strongly depends on the atmosphere. Presence of Nitrogen alters the oxidation behavior of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3} by nucleation and growth of nitride subscale. Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3.2} and Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}C{sub 0.5} alloys exhibited an excellent oxidation resistance in nitrogen bearing atmosphere due to limited dissolution of nitrogen and increased Si/Ti activity ratio. MoSi{sub 2} coating developed by pack cementation to protect Mo-based Mo-Si-B composites was found to be effective up to 1500 C. Shifting coating composition to T1+T2+Mo{sub 3}Si region showed the possibility to extend the coating lifetime above 1500 C by more than ten times via formation of slow growing Mo{sub 3}Si or T2 interlayer without sacrificing the oxidation resistance of the coating. The phase equilibria in the Nb-rich portion of Nb-B system has been evaluated experimentally using metallographic analysis and differential thermal analyzer (DTA). It was shown that Nb{sub ss} (solid solution) and NbB are the only two primary phases in the 0-40 at.% B composition range, and the eutectic reaction L {leftrightarrow} Nb{sub SS} + NbB was determined to occur at 2104 {+-} 5 C by DTA.

Zhihong Tang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Dose-Rate Dependence of High-Dose Health Effects in Humans from Photon Radiation with Application to Radiological Terrorism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1981, as part of a symposium entitled ''The Control of Exposure of the Public to Ionizing Radiation in the Event of Accident or Attack,'' Lushbaugh, H?bner, and Fry published a paper examining ''radiation tolerance'' of various human health endpoints as a function of dose rate. This paper may not have received the notice it warrants. The health endpoints examined by Lushbaugh et al. were the lethal dose that will kill 50% of people within 60 days of exposure without medical care (LD50/60); severe bone marrow damage in healthy men; severe bone marrow damage in leukemia patients; temporary sterility (azoospermia); reduced male fertility; and late effects such as cancer. Their analysis was grounded in extensive clinical experience and anchored to a few selected data points, and based on the 1968 dose-rate dependence theory of J.L. Bateman. The Lushbaugh et al. paper did not give predictive equations for the relationships, although they were implied in the text, and the relationships were presented in a non-intuitive way. This work derives the parameters needed in Bateman's equation for each health endpoint, tabulates the results, and plots them in a more conventional manner on logarithmic scales. The results give a quantitative indication of how the human organism can tolerate more radiation dose when it is delivered at lower dose rates. For example, the LD50/60 increases from about 3 grays (300 rads) when given at very high dose rates to over 10 grays (1,000 rads) when given at much lower dose rates over periods of several months. The latter figure is borne out by the case of an individual who survived for at least 19 years after receiving doses in the range of 9 to 17 grays (900-1700 rads) over 106 days. The Lushbaugh et al. work shows the importance of sheltering when confronted with long-term exposure to radiological contamination such as would be expected from a radiological dispersion event, reactor accident, or ground-level nuclear explosion.

Strom, Daniel J.

2005-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

Detection and Correction of Silent Data Corruption for Large-Scale High-Performance Computing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Faults have become the norm rather than the exception for high-end computing on clusters with 10s/100s of thousands of cores. Exacerbating this situation, some of these faults remain undetected, manifesting themselves as silent errors that corrupt memory while applications continue to operate and report incorrect results. This paper studies the potential for redundancy to both detect and correct soft errors in MPI message-passing applications. Our study investigates the challenges inherent to detecting soft errors within MPI application while providing transparent MPI redundancy. By assuming a model wherein corruption in application data manifests itself by producing differing MPI message data between replicas, we study the best suited protocols for detecting and correcting MPI data that is the result of corruption. To experimentally validate our proposed detection and correction protocols, we introduce RedMPI, an MPI library which resides in the MPI profiling layer. RedMPI is capable of both online detection and correction of soft errors that occur in MPI applications without requiring any modifications to the application source by utilizing either double or triple redundancy. Our results indicate that our most efficient consistency protocol can successfully protect applications experiencing even high rates of silent data corruption with runtime overheads between 0% and 30% as compared to unprotected applications without redundancy. Using our fault injector within RedMPI, we observe that even a single soft error can have profound effects on running applications, causing a cascading pattern of corruption in most cases causes that spreads to all other processes. RedMPI's protection has been shown to successfully mitigate the effects of soft errors while allowing applications to complete with correct results even in the face of errors.

Fiala, David J [ORNL; Mueller, Frank [North Carolina State University; Engelmann, Christian [ORNL; Ferreira, Kurt Brian [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Brightwell, Ron [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Riesen, Rolf [IBM Research, Ireland

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Semi-nonstandard construction and its application in post-squatter ?stanbul  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prefabricated buildings have long played a role in providing inexpensive, yet high quality dwellings for the multitude. However, such structures are typically standardized in nature and poorly suited for deployment within ...

Form, Stephen (Stephen Robert)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Rough-terrain mobile robot planning and control with application to planetary exploration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future planetary exploration missions will require mobile robots to perform difficult tasks in highly challenging terrain, with limited human supervision. Current motion planning and control algorithms are not well suited ...

Iagnemma, Karl David

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

In situ vitrification: application analysis for stabilization of transuranic waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The in situ vitrification process builds upon the electric melter technology previously developed for high-level waste immobilization. In situ vitrification converts buried wastes and contaminated soil to an extremely durable glass and crystalline waste form by melting the materials, in place, using joule heating. Once the waste materials have been solidified, the high integrity waste form should not cause future ground subsidence. Environmental transport of the waste due to water or wind erosion, and plant or animal intrusion, is minimized. Environmental studies are currently being conducted to determine whether additional stabilization is required for certain in-ground transuranic waste sites. An applications analysis has been performed to identify several in situ vitrification process limitations which may exist at transuranic waste sites. Based on the process limit analysis, in situ vitrification is well suited for solidification of most in-ground transuranic wastes. The process is best suited for liquid disposal sites. A site-specific performance analysis, based on safety, health, environmental, and economic assessments, will be required to determine for which sites in situ vitrification is an acceptable disposal technique. Process economics of in situ vitrification compare favorably with other in-situ solidification processes and are an order of magnitude less than the costs for exhumation and disposal in a repository. Leachability of the vitrified product compares closely with that of Pyrex glass and is significantly better than granite, marble, or bottle glass. Total release to the environment from a vitrified waste site is estimated to be less than 10/sup -5/ parts per year. 32 figures, 30 tables.

Oma, K.H.; Farnsworth, R.K.; Rusin, J.M.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Waveguide-integrated black phosphorus photodetector with high responsivity and low dark current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Layered two-dimensional materials have shown novel optoelectronic properties and are well suited to be integrated in planar photonic circuits. For example, graphene has been utilized as a wideband photodetector. However, because it lacks a band gap, graphene photodetectors suffer from extremely high dark current8. In contrast, few-layer black phosphorous, the latest addition to the family of 2D materials, is well-suited for photodetector applications due to its narrow but finite energy gap. Here, we demonstrate a gated multilayer black phosphorus photodetector integrated in a silicon photonic waveguide operating in the near-infrared telecom band. In a significant advantage over graphene devices, black phosphorus photodetectors can operate under a bias with very low dark current and attain intrinsic responsivity up to 125 mA/W and 657 mA/W in 11.5nm and 100 nm thick devices, respectively. The photocurrent is dominated by the photovoltaic effect with a high response bandwidth exceeding 3 GHz.

Youngblood, Nathan; Koester, Steven J; Li, Mo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Improving random number generators by chaotic Application in data hiding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving random number generators by chaotic iterations Application in data hiding Christophe of this new generator are improved: the generated sequences can pass all the DieHARD statistical test suite. In addition, this generator behaves chaotically, as defined by Devaney. This makes our generator suitable

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

419

High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R&D resulted in 7 R&D 100 Awards including the 2010 R&D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

Goyal, Amit (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

420

High Temperature Superconductors: From Delivery to Applications (Presentation from 2011 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award-winner, Dr. Amit Goyal, and including introduction by Energy Secretary, Dr. Steven Chu)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Dr. Amit Goyal, a high temperature superconductivity (HTS) researcher at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, was named a 2011 winner of the Department of Energy's Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award honoring U.S. scientists and engineers for exceptional contributions in research and development supporting DOE and its mission. Winner of the award in the inaugural category of Energy Science and Innovation, Dr. Goyal was cited for his work in 'pioneering research and transformative contributions to the field of applied high temperature superconductivity, including fundamental materials science advances and technical innovations enabling large-scale applications of these novel materials.' Following his basic research in grain-to-grain supercurrent transport, Dr. Goyal focused his energy in transitioning this fundamental understanding into cutting-edge technologies. Under OE sponsorship, Dr. Goyal co-invented the Rolling Assisted Bi-Axially Textured Substrate technology (RABiTS) that is used as a substrate for second generation HTS wires. OE support also led to the invention of Structural Single Crystal Faceted Fiber Substrate (SSIFFS) and the 3-D Self Assembly of Nanodot Columns. These inventions and associated R&D resulted in 7 R&D 100 Awards including the 2010 R&D Magazine's Innovator of the Year Award, 3 Federal Laboratory Consortium Excellence in Technology Transfer National Awards, a DOE Energy100 Award and many others. As a world authority on HTS materials, Dr. Goyal has presented OE-sponsored results in more than 150 invited talks, co-authored more than 350 papers and is a fellow of 7 professional societies.

Goyal, Amit (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Development of improved processing and evaluation methods for high reliability structural ceramics for advanced heat engine applications, Phase 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program goals were to develop and demonstrate significant improvements in processing methods, process controls and non-destructive evaluation (NDE) which can be commercially implemented to produce high reliability silicon nitride components for advanced heat engine applications at temperatures to 1,370{degrees}C. The program focused on a Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}-4% Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} high temperature ceramic composition and hot-isostatic-pressing as the method of densification. Stage I had as major objectives: (1) comparing injection molding and colloidal consolidation process routes, and selecting one route for subsequent optimization, (2) comparing the performance of water milled and alcohol milled powder and selecting one on the basis of performance data, and (3) adapting several NDE methods to the needs of ceramic processing. The NDE methods considered were microfocus X-ray radiography, computed tomography, ultrasonics, NMR imaging, NMR spectroscopy, fluorescent liquid dye penetrant and X-ray diffraction residual stress analysis. The colloidal consolidation process route was selected and approved as the forming technique for the remainder of the program. The material produced by the final Stage II optimized process has been given the designation NCX 5102 silicon nitride. According to plan, a large number of specimens were produced and tested during Stage III to establish a statistically robust room temperature tensile strength database for this material. Highlights of the Stage III process demonstration and resultant database are included in the main text of the report, along with a synopsis of the NCX-5102 aqueous based colloidal process. The R and D accomplishments for Stage I are discussed in Appendices 1--4, while the tensile strength-fractography database for the Stage III NCX-5102 process demonstration is provided in Appendix 5. 4 refs., 108 figs., 23 tabs.

Pujari, V.K.; Tracey, D.M.; Foley, M.R.; Paille, N.I.; Pelletier, P.J.; Sales, L.C.; Wilkens, C.A.; Yeckley, R.L. [Norton Co., Northboro, MA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Applications of High-Resolution Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry to Measurements of Average Oxygen to Carbon Ratios in Secondary Organic Aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The applicability of high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HR ESI-MS) to measurements of the average oxygen to carbon ratio (O/C) in organic aerosols was investigated. Solutions with known average O/C containing up to 10 standard compounds representative of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) were analyzed and corresponding electrospray ionization efficiencies were quantified. The assumption of equal ionization efficiency commonly used in estimating O/C ratios of organic aerosols was found to be reasonably accurate. We found that the accuracy of the measured O/C ratios increases by averaging the values obtained from both (+) and (-) modes. A correlation was found between the ratio of the ionization efficiencies in the positive and negative ESI modes with the octanol-water partition constant, and more importantly, with the compound's O/C. To demonstrate the utility of this correlation for estimating average O/C values of unknown mixtures, we analyzed the ESI (+) and ESI (-) data for SOA produced by oxidation of limonene and isoprene and compared to online O/C measurements using an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS). This work demonstrates that the accuracy of the HR ESI-MS methods is comparable to that of the AMS, with the added benefit of molecular identification of the aerosol constituents.

Bateman, Adam P.; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Nizkorodov, Sergey

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

423

Application of the ultrasonic technique and high-speed filming for the study of the structure of air-water bubbly flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiphase flows are very common in industry, oftentimes involving very harsh environments and fluids. Accordingly, there is a need to determine the dispersed phase holdup using noninvasive fast responding techniques; besides, knowledge of the flow structure is essential for the assessment of the transport processes involved. The ultrasonic technique fulfills these requirements and could have the capability to provide the information required. In this paper, the potential of the ultrasonic technique for application to two-phase flows was investigated by checking acoustic attenuation data against experimental data on the void fraction and flow topology of vertical, upward, air-water bubbly flows in the zero to 15% void fraction range. The ultrasonic apparatus consisted of one emitter/receiver transducer and three other receivers at different positions along the pipe circumference; simultaneous high-speed motion pictures of the flow patterns were made at 250 and 1000 fps. The attenuation data for all sensors exhibited a systematic interrelated behavior with void fraction, thereby testifying to the capability of the ultrasonic technique to measure the dispersed phase holdup. From the motion pictures, basic gas phase structures and different flows patterns were identified that corroborated several features of the acoustic attenuation data. Finally, the acoustic wave transit time was also investigated as a function of void fraction. (author)

Carvalho, R.D.M.; Venturini, O.J.; Tanahashi, E.I. [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), Itajuba (Brazil); Neves, F. Jr. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Curitiba (Brazil); Franca, F.A. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas (Brazil)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Suite of Schemes for User-level Network Diagnosis without Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Northwestern University {yzhao and ychen the performance of their applications. However, the modern Internet is heterogeneous and largely un- regulated to cooperate in collecting the network traffic measurements vital for Internet fault diagnosis. Internet

Chen, Yan

425

Merging high resolution geophysical and geochemical surveys to reduce exploration risk at Glass Buttes, Oregon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE Geothermal Technologies Peer Review - 2010. The primary objective of this project is to combine a suite of high resolution geophysical and geochemical techniques to reduce exploration risk by characterizing hydrothermal alteration, fault geometries and relationships.

426

A High-Frequency Resonant Inverter Topology With Low-Voltage Stress  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new switched-mode resonant inverter, which we term the inverter, that is well suited to operation at very high frequencies and to rapid on/off control. Features of this inverter topology include low ...

Rivas, Juan M.

427

Scaling Irregular Applications through Data Aggregation and Software Multithreading  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bioinformatics, data analytics, semantic databases, knowledge discovery are emerging high performance application areas that exploit dynamic, linked data structures such as graphs, unbalanced trees or unstructured grids. These data structures usually are very large, requiring significantly more memory than available on single shared memory systems. Additionally, these data structures are difficult to partition on distributed memory systems. They also present poor spatial and temporal locality, thus generating unpredictable memory and network accesses. The Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model seems suitable for these applications, because it allows using a shared memory abstraction across distributed-memory clusters. However, current PGAS languages and libraries are built to target regular remote data accesses and block transfers. Furthermore, they usually rely on the Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) parallel control model, which is not well suited to the fine grained, dynamic and unbalanced parallelism of irregular applications. In this paper we present {\\bf GMT} (Global Memory and Threading library), a custom runtime library that enables efficient execution of irregular applications on commodity clusters. GMT integrates a PGAS data substrate with simple fork/join parallelism and provides automatic load balancing on a per node basis. It implements multi-level aggregation and lightweight multithreading to maximize memory and network bandwidth with fine-grained data accesses and tolerate long data access latencies. A key innovation in the GMT runtime is its thread specialization (workers, helpers and communication threads) that realize the overall functionality. We compare our approach with other PGAS models, such as UPC running using GASNet, and hand-optimized MPI code on a set of typical large-scale irregular applications, demonstrating speedups of an order of magnitude.

Morari, Alessandro; Tumeo, Antonino; Chavarría-Miranda, Daniel; Villa, Oreste; Valero, Mateo

2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

428

White lighting LEDs are fast replacing conventional lighting because not only are they energy efficient light sources but also can be modulated at frequencies up to 20MHz for high-speed wireless communication, especially for indoor applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are they energy efficient light sources but also can be modulated at frequencies up to 20MHz for high-speedBackground White lighting LEDs are fast replacing conventional lighting because not only wireless communication, especially for indoor applications. Moreover, using visible light as the source

Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

429

The high energy emission from black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The origin of the high energy emission (X-rays and gamma-rays) from black holes is still a matter of debate. We present new evidence that hard X-ray emission in the low/hard state may not be dominated by thermal Comptonization. We present an alternative scenario for the origin of the high energy emission that is well suited to explain the high energy emission from GRO J1655-40.

M. D. Caballero-Garcia; J. M. Miller; E. Kuulkers

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

430

Multiple crossbar network: A switched high-speed local network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Multiple Crossbar Network (MCN) is a prototype High-Speed Local Network at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. It will interconnect supercomputers, network servers and workstations from various commercial vendors. The MCN can also serve as a backbone for message traffic between local area networks. The MCN is a switched local network of switching nodes called Cross-Point Stars (CPs). Hosts and CPs are connected by 800-Mbit/s (100-Mbyte/s) point-to-point ANSI High-Speed Channels. CPs include RISC-based network protocol processors called Crossbar Interfaces and a switching core called the Crossbar Switch. Protocols include physical, data link, intranet, and network access functionality. Various internet and transport protocols are intended to run above the MCN protocol suite. A network management and simple naming service is also included within the Los Alamos Network Architecture. Immediate applications include visualization. The MCN is intended to also serve as a framework for multicomputer applications. 36 refs., 10 figs.

Hoebelheinrich, R.; Thomsen, R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431
432

CP Tech Center I Iowa State University I 2711 S. Loop Dr. Suite 4700,Ames, IA 50010-8664 I 515-294-5798 FOR MORE INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CP Tech Center I Iowa State University I 2711 S. Loop Dr. Suite 4700,Ames, IA 50010-8664 I 515 calcium sulfate in the form of hemihydrate (plaster) in the cement (false set) or the uncontrolled early

433

SFU Rental Suites Managed by AWM-Alliance Real Estate Group Ltd. Verdant Rental Housing -state of the art Eco-Designed apartments for rent on campus to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6/7/2010 SFU Rental Suites Managed by AWM-Alliance Real Estate Group Ltd. Verdant Rental Housing are interested in renting a unit at Verdant, please contact: AWM-Alliance's CONTACT INFORMATION AWM-Alliance Real

434

A Feasibility Study of an Integral PWR for Space Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fission space power systems are well suited to provide safe, reliable, economic and robust energy sources, in the order of 100 KWe. A preliminary feasibility study of a nuclear fission reactor is here presented with the following requirements: i) high reliability, ii) R and D program of moderate cost, iii) to be deployed within a reasonable period of time (e.g. 2015), iv) to be operated and controlled for a long time (10 years) without human intervention, v) possibly to be also used as a byproduct for some particular terrestrial application (or at least to share common technologies), vi) to start with stationary application. The driving idea is to extend as much as possible the PWR technology, by recurring to an integral type reactor. Two options are evaluated for the electricity production: a Rankine steam cycle and a Rankine organic fluid cycle. The neutronics calculation is based on WIMS code benchmarked with MCNP code. The reactivity control is envisaged by changing the core geometry. The resulting system appears viable and of reasonable size, well fit to the present space vector capabilities. Finally, a set of R and D needs has been identified: cold well, small steam turbines, fluid leakage control, pumps, shielding, steam generator in low-gravity conditions, self pressurizer, control system. A R and D program of reasonable extent may yield the needed answers, and some demanding researches are of interest for the new generation Light Water Reactors. (authors)

Grandis, S. De; Finzi, E.; Lombardi, C.V.; Mandelli, D.; Padovani, E.; Passoni, M.; Ricotti, M.E.; Santini, L. [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Nucleare, Politecnico di Milano, Via Ponzio, 34/3, 20133 Milano (Italy); Summerer, L. [ESA Advanced Concepts Team, ESTEC, SER-A, Keplerlaan 1, 2201 AZ Noordwijk (Netherlands)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Using the BEopt Automated Residential Simulation Test Suite to Enable Comparative Analysis Between Energy Simulation Engines: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Verification and validation are crucial software quality control procedures when developing and implementing models. This is particularly important as a variety of stakeholders rely on accurate predictions from building simulation programs. This study uses the BEopt Automated Residential Simulation Test Suite (BARTS) to facilitate comparison of two energy simulation engines across various building components and includes models that isolate the impacts of specific building components on annual energy consumption. As a case study, BARTS has been used to identify important discrepancies between the engines for several components of the building models; these discrepancies are caused by differences in the models used by the engines or coding errors.

Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Maguire, J.; Horowitz, S.; Christensen, C.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

SOLVING THE HARD PROBLEMSSOLVING THE HARD PROBLEMS Application Deadline Apr 15  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Rome, NY; Maui High Performance Computing Center, Maui, HI; Naval Air Warfare Centers in Patuxent River Manager High Performance Computing Modernization Program 10501 Furnace Road Suite 101 Lorton, VA 22079 #12;The High Performance Computing Modernization Program (HPCMP) delivers world-class commercial, high

Olsen, Stephen L.

437

Using suite energy-use and interior condition data to improve energy modeling of a 1960s MURB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Energy modeling is a useful tool for evaluating the performance of contemplated building energy retrofit measures. Traditionally, energy models are developed using data collected from building floor plans and site visits and are then calibrated using utility bills. In the work presented here, an energy model for an existing multi-unit residential building (MURB) was developed using this traditional approach. Next, a refined approach was taken. Using data gathered from a suite-based monitoring program, input data uncertainties in the energy model were addressed. Data from one year of monitoring were assembled to characterize the actual building performance and to calibrate this refined energy model. In order to identify which parameters could be used to improve the model accuracy, the output of this refined model was compared to the output from the traditional modeling approach. It was found that the interior temperature measurements and the sub-metered suite electricity use were the most beneficial in refining the energy model. However, other data collected including window operation and differential air pressures were useful for determining how the building was operating. The use of a local weather file generated from a roof-top weather station has also been discussed.

Marianne F. Touchie; Kim D. Pressnail

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

High-Power Zinc-Air Energy Storage: Enhanced Metal-Air Energy Storage System with Advanced Grid-Interoperable Power Electronics Enabling Scalability and Ultra-Low Cost  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GRIDS Project: Fluidic is developing a low-cost, rechargeable, high-power module for Zinc-air batteries that will be used to store renewable energy. Zinc-air batteries are traditionally found in small, non-rechargeable devices like hearing aids because they are well-suited to delivering low levels of power for long periods of time. Historically, Zinc-air batteries have not been as useful for applications which require periodic bursts of power, like on the electrical grid. Fluidic hopes to fill this need by combining the high energy, low cost, and long run-time of a Zinc-air battery with new chemistry providing high power, high efficiency, and fast response. The battery module could allow large grid-storage batteries to provide much more power on very short demand—the most costly kind of power for utilities—and with much more versatile performance.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Toroid cavities as NMR detectors in high pressure probes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cylindrical toroid cavity has been developed for application as an NMR detector for high sensitivity and high resolution spectroscopy in metal vessel probes. Those probes are used for in situ investigations at high temperature and pressure. Since the transmitted r.f. field is completely confined within the torus, the cavity can be placed inside the pressurized system without magnetic coupling to the metal vessel. Resonance frequencies up to 400 MHz make the toroid cavity detector especially suited for use in {sup 1}H and {sup 19}F spectroscopy. Typically achieved static {sup 1}H linewidths, measured on CHCl{sub 3} using cavities in Be-Cu pressure vessels, are 2.0 Hz. On the basis of theoretical considerations that include the radial dependence of the r.f. field within cylindrical or circular toroid detectors, equations were evolved to predict the signal intensity as a function of the pulse width. The equations precisely describe the deviations from the sinusoidal approximation, which is generally used for signal intensities derived from Helmholtz or solenoid coils.

Woelk, K.; Rathke, J.W.; Klingler, R.J.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

.NET High Performance Computing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) have been extensively applied in the High Performance Computing (HPC) community. HPC applications require additional special programming environments to improve… (more)

Ou, Hsuan-Hsiu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Simulation of planar integrated photonics devices with the LLNL time- domain finite-difference code suite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest has recently grown in applying microwave modeling techniques to optical circuit modeling. One of the simplest, yet most powerful, microwave simulation techniques is the finite-difference time-domain algorithm (FDTD). In this technique, the differential form of the time-domain Maxwell's equations are discretized and all derivatives are approximated as differences. Minor algebraic manipulations on the resulting equations produces a set of update equations that produce fields at a given time step from fields at the previous time step. The FDTD algorithm, then, is quite simple. Source fields are launched into the discrete grid by some means. The FDTD equations advance these fields in time. At the boundaries of the grid, special update equations called radiation conditions are applied that approximate a continuing, infinite space. Because virtually no assumptions are made in the development of the FDTD method, the algorithm is able to represent a wide-range of physical effects. Waves can propagate in any direction, multiple reflections within structures can cause resonances, multiple modes of various polarizations can be launched, each of which may generate within the device an infinite spectrum of bound and radiation modes. The ability to model these types of general physical effects is what makes the FDTD method interesting to the field of optics. In this paper, we discuss the application of the finite-difference time-domain technique to integrated optics. Animations will be shown of the simulations of a TE coupler, TM grating, and a TE integrated detector. 3 refs., 1 fig.

McLeod, R.; Hawkins, R.J.; Kallman, J.S.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

http://hpc.sagepub.com Computing Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1177/1094342007085025 2008; 22; 33International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications and �mit �atalyürek Chow://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:International Journal of High Performance Computing ApplicationsAdditional services/L APPLICATIONS The International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Volume 22, No. 1, Spring

Duisburg-Essen, Universität

443

SNR Denton US LLP 1301 K Street, NW Suite 600, East Tower Washington, DC 20005-3364 USA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SNR Denton US LLP SNR Denton US LLP 1301 K Street, NW Suite 600, East Tower Washington, DC 20005-3364 USA Thomas C. Jensen Partner thomas.jensen@snrdenton.com D +1 202 408 3956 M 703 304 5211 T +1 202 408 6400 F +1 202 408 6399 snrdenton.com March 28, 2012 BY E-MAIL Lamont Jackson Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability Mail Code: OE-20 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: OE Docket No. RRTT-IR-001 Dear Mr. Jackson:: This letter is submitted on behalf of PPL Electric and Public Service Electric and Gas Company ("PSE&G") 1 ,(referred to herein as "the Companies") with respect to the Susquehanna-Roseland

444

Simulation of BPM and DC-monitor assembly for the NESTOR storage ring by CST Studio Suite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The piece of NESTOR vacuum chamber with the ceramic insertion for DC-monitor and RF-shields was simulated by using both transient and wake field solvers of CST Studio Suite. For a 6 mm gap between two RF-shields the contributions of the assembly considered to the longitudinal broadband (BB) impedance Z/n and the loss factor kloss are 0.71 Ohm and 0.21 V/pC, correspondingly. These estimates are the second largest after those of the RF-cavity that were obtained till now for the NESTOR ring components. Contributions from a beam position monitor (BPM) are also obtained by simulation and compared with analytical estimates obtained earlier. We also present in the paper the frequency content of longitudinal impedance in the frequency range from 0 to 16 GHz for all ring components considered.

Androsov, V P; Telegin, Yu N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

A 3-D genetic approach to high-resolution geological modelling of the volcanic infill of a paleovalley system. Application to the Volvic catchment (Chaîne des Puys, France)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...applications). On a more local scale, such as that of...geothermal studies on a very local scale of a few square...orographic precipitation and foehn effects. Mean interannual...is subject to westerly winds, to less than 600 mm...electrical profile, a local isoresistivity surface...

Simon Rouquet; Pierre Boivin; Patrick Lachassagne; Emmanuel Ledoux

446

Molecular Chemistry of Organic Aerosols Through the Application...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chemistry of Organic Aerosols Through the Application of High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Molecular Chemistry of Organic Aerosols Through the Application of High Resolution Mass...

447

Roll-up of validation results to a target application.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Suites of experiments are preformed over a validation hierarchy to test computational simulation models for complex applications. Experiments within the hierarchy can be performed at different conditions and configurations than those for an intended application, with each experiment testing only part of the physics relevant for the application. The purpose of the present work is to develop methodology to roll-up validation results to an application, and to assess the impact the validation hierarchy design has on the roll-up results. The roll-up is accomplished through the development of a meta-model that relates validation measurements throughout a hierarchy to the desired response quantities for the target application. The meta-model is developed using the computation simulation models for the experiments and the application. The meta-model approach is applied to a series of example transport problems that represent complete and incomplete coverage of the physics of the target application by the validation experiments.

Hills, Richard Guy

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

3028 J. Phys. Chem. 1993,97, 3028-3033 EPR Spectroscopy of Interdoublet Transitions in High-Spin Iron: Applications to Transferrin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3028 J. Phys. Chem. 1993,97, 3028-3033 EPR Spectroscopy of Interdoublet Transitions in High the contribution of individual resonances to the EPR spectrumof high-apin iron via two kinds of graphical be obtained from the EPR spectra alone. Introduction Heme proteinsprovided the first opportunitiesto compare

Silverstone, Harris J.

449

Group Health Management of UAV Teams With Applications to Persistent Surveillance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Group Health Management of UAV Teams With Applications to Persistent Surveillance Brett Bethke, Jonathan P. How, and John Vian Abstract-- Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are well-suited to a wide range and dis- tributed nature of these missions often requires teams of UAVs to work together. Furthermore

How, Jonathan P.

450

Water Application Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The net amount of water added to the root zone as a ... the root zone, thus reducing the application efficiency. Sprinkling irrigation may involve losses due to ... , offer the potential for relatively high appli...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Recovery Act: High-Efficiency, Wideband Three-Phase Rectifiers and Adaptive Rectifier Management for Telecomm Central Office and Large Data Center Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lineage Power and Verizon teamed up to address a DOE funding opportunity focused on improving the power conversion chain in telecommunications facilities and data centers. The project had three significant elements: the design and development of high efficiency and high power three-phase rectifiers by Lineage Power, design and development of software to optimize overall plant energy efficiency by Lineage Power, and a field trial in active Verizon telecommunications facilities where energy consumption was measured before and after efficiency upgrades.

Mark A. Johnson

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

452

Deuterium transport and isotope effects in type 316L stainless steel at high temperatures for nuclear fusion and nuclear hydrogen technology applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present the first complete data set for the permeability, diffusivity, and solubility of both deuterium and hydrogen in 316L stainless steel (316L SS) obtained over a wide temperature range of 350–850 °C that accommodates both nuclear fusion and nuclear hydrogen technology applications. The deuterium results were also compared with the hydrogen results to estimate the isotope effect. The isotope effect ratio for diffusivity was different from the classical prediction. Furthermore, some of our results were compared with the results previously reported for 316 SS. Results and discussion are presented with an emphasis on the deuterium permeation and isotope effects.

S.K. Lee; S.-H. Yun; Han Gyu Joo; S.J. Noh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

APPLICATION COMPONENTS All QuestBridge applicants are free to apply to Rice with the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the student's choosing. Applicants to the natural sciences and engineering schools must take advanced high process examines an applicant's academic prowess, creativity, motivation, artistic talent, leadership

Alvarez, Pedro J.

454

SFU Rental Suites Managed by AWM-Alliance Real Estate Group Ltd. Verdant Rental Housing -state of the art Eco-Designed apartments for rent on campus to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3/4/2014 SFU Rental Suites Managed by AWM-Alliance Real Estate Group Ltd. Verdant Rental Housing-Alliance's CONTACT INFORMATION AWM-Alliance Real Estate Group Ltd. #401 ­ 958 West 8th Avenue Vancouver, BC V5Z 1E5-time faculty and senior administrative staff. A model of sustainable environmental living with modern

455

Dye-Sentitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) are an emerging low-cost third generation photovoltaic technology particularly suited for efficient light-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

light-to -electricity conversion efficiency in early implementations under AM1.5 solar light. EasyDye-Sentitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) are an emerging low-cost third generation photovoltaic technology particularly suited for efficient light- to-electricity conversion in indoors low-light

456

330 West State Street, Suite 1, Geneva, IL 60134 (USA) Tel: +1.888.733.1ALA (252) Fax: +1.630.578.0172  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

330 West State Street, Suite 1, Geneva, IL 60134 (USA) Tel: +1.888.733.1ALA (252) Fax: +1 Convention Center, Palm Springs, CA, USA: Jason Haaheim, M.S., Skokie, IL, USA, NanoInk ­ Dip Pen, USA, Harvard-Massachusetts Institute of Technology ­ Microengineered Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering

Tang, William C

457

http://hpc.sagepub.com Computing Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1177/1094342007083802 2007; 21; 485International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications Charles S. Zender://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:International Journal of High Performance Computing ApplicationsAdditional services

Zender, Charles

458

High level of activation Coupled product is very stable, especially  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the cross-linked matrix makes it well-suited for use in large columns. Scaling up a purification with a gel between matrix and activated group is especially suitable for immobilising small proteins and peptides · Fast Flow matrix gives high productivity and is easy to scale up · Comprehensive technical

Lebendiker, Mario

459

Geologic Sequestration Software Suite (GS3): a collaborative approach to the management of geological GHG storage projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geologic storage projects associated with large anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) will have lifecycles that may easily span a century, involve several numerical simulation cycles, and have distinct modeling teams. The process used for numerical simulation of the fate of GHG in the subsurface follows a generally consistent sequence of steps that often are replicated by scientists and engineers around the world. Site data is gathered, assembled, interpreted, and assimilated into conceptualizations of a solid-earth model; assumptions are made about the processes to be modeled; a computational domain is specified and spatially discretized; driving forces and initial conditions are defined; the conceptual models, computational domain, and driving forces are translated into input files; simulations are executed; and results are analyzed. Then, during and after the GHG injection, a continuous monitoring of the reservoir is done and models are updated with the newly collected data. Typically the working files generated during all these steps are maintained on workstations with local backups and archived once the project has concluded along with any modeling notes and records. We are proposing a new concept for supporting the management of full-scale GHG storage projects where collaboration, flexibility, accountability and long-term access will be essential features: the Geologic Sequestration Software Suite, GS3.

Bonneville, Alain; Black, Gary D.; Gorton, Ian; Hui, Peter SY; Murphy, Ellyn M.; Murray, Christopher J.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Schuchardt, Karen L.; Sivaramakrishnan, Chandrika; White, Mark D.; Williams, Mark D.; Wurstner, Signe K.

2011-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

460

Application of wavelength-scanned wavelength-modulation spectroscopy H2O absorption measurements in an engineering-scale high-pressure coal gasifier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A real-time, in situ water vapor (H2O) sensor using a tunable diode laser near 1,352 nm was developed to continuously monitor water vapor in the synthesis gas of an engineering-scale high-pressure coal gasifier....

Kai Sun; Ritobrata Sur; Jay B. Jeffries; Ronald K. Hanson; Tommy Clark…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "application suite high" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Effect of Water Vapor on the Oxidation Mechanisms of a Commercial Stainless Steel for Interconnect Application in High Temperature Water Vapor Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High temperature water vapor electrolysis is one of the most promising methods...2–5 %H2O) and cathode atmospheres (10 %H2–90 %H2O). In cathode atmosphere, ageing tests performed up to 1,000 h revealed the format...

Maria Rosa Ardigo; Ioana Popa; Sébastien Chevalier; Sylvain Weber…

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Design and Validation of a Layered Approach to Fault Tolerance for Distributed Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and E. Strohmaier, ‘‘High-performance computing: clusters,Applications for High Performance Computing,’’ InternationalJournal of High Performance Computing Applications, vol.19,

Hsu, Israel Yi-Hsin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Application of a high-power KrF laser for the study of supersonic gas flows and the development of hydrodynamic instabilities in layered media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of a miniature laser shock tube for the study of a wide range of hydrodynamic phenomena in liquids at pressures greater than 10 kbar and in supersonic flows with large Mach numbers (greater than 10) is discussed. A substance filling a chamber of quadratic cross section, with a characteristic size of several centimetres, is compressed and accelerated due to local absorption of 100 ns, 100 J KrF laser pulses near the entrance window. It is proposed to focus a laser beam by a prism raster, which provides a uniform intensity distribution over the tube cross section. The system can be used to study the hypersonic flow past objects of complex shape and the development of hydrodynamic instabilities in the case of a passage of a shock wave or a compression wave through the interfaces between different media. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Zvorykin, V D; Lebo, I G [P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for EV Applications USABC Development of Advanced High-Performance Batteries for EV Applications 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

465

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Energy Lithium...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Energy Lithium Batteries for PHEV Applications Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Energy Lithium Batteries for PHEV Applications Presentation given by...

466

Which sustainability suits you?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When talking about ‘sustainability’ in theory, people often refer to ... concept, where People, Planet and Profit are three pillars of equal value. In practice, these three terms are very often used against each....

R. Boonen; S. Aerts; J. De Tavernier

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Simulation and design of various configurations of silicon detectors for high irradiation tolerance up to 6x10{sup 14} n/cm{sup 2} in LHC application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Various new configurations (n{sup +}/p/p{sup +}, n{sup +}/n/p{sup +}, and p{sup +}/n/n{sup +}) of silicon detector designs have been simulated using processing and device simulation tools, before and after irradiation to various fluences. The aim of material selection and detector design is to ensure adequate charge collection after being irradiated up to 10{sup 15} n/cm{sup 2} (or 6x10{sup 14}{pi}/cm{sup 2}) in LHC environment, which corresponds to a net increase (with long term anneal) of space charge of 7x10{sup 13} cm{sup -3}. Starting materials selected for simulations include high resistivity p-type silicon, medium and low resistivity n-type silicon. Design of multi-guard-rings structure for high voltage operation is also considered. First irradiation data of low resistivity silicon detector is presented.

Li, Z.; Chen, W.; Beuttenmuller, R. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

High Mg-content wurtzite MgZnO alloys and their application in deep-ultraviolet light-emitters pumped by accelerated electrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High Mg-content single-phase wurtzite MgZnO alloys with a bandgap of 4.35?eV have been obtained on sapphire substrate by introducing a composition-gradient Mg{sub x}Zn{sub 1?x}O buffer layer. By employing the accelerated electrons obtained in a solid-state structure as an excitation source, an emission at around 285?nm, which is originated from the near-band-edge emission of the Mg{sub 0.51}Zn{sub 0.49}O active layer, has been observed. The results reported in this paper may provide a promising route to high performance deep-ultraviolet light-emitting devices by bypassing the challenging doping issues of wide bandgap semiconductors.

Ni, Pei-Nan [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Applications, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China); University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Shan, Chong-Xin, E-mail: shancx@ciomp.ac.cn, E-mail: shendz@ciomp.ac.cn; Li, Bing-Hui; Shen, De-Zhen, E-mail: shancx@ciomp.ac.cn, E-mail: shendz@ciomp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Applications, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130033 (China)

2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

469

FISH: A Three-dimensional Parallel Magnetohydrodynamics Code for Astrophysical Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

FISH is a fast and simple ideal magnetohydrodynamics code that scales to ~10,000 processes for a Cartesian computational domain of ~10003 cells. The simplicity of FISH has been achieved by the rigorous application of the operator splitting technique, while second-order accuracy is maintained by the symmetric ordering of the operators. Between directional sweeps, the three-dimensional data are rotated in memory so that the sweep is always performed in a cache-efficient way along the direction of contiguous memory. Hence, the code only requires a one-dimensional description of the conservation equations to be solved. This approach also enables an elegant novel parallelization of the code that is based on persistent communications with MPI for cubic domain decomposition on machines with distributed memory. This scheme is then combined with an additional OpenMP parallelization of different sweeps that can take advantage of clusters of shared memory. We document the detailed implementation of a second-order total variation diminishing advection scheme based on flux reconstruction. The magnetic fields are evolved by a constrained transport scheme. We show that the subtraction of a simple estimate of the hydrostatic gradient from the total gradients can significantly reduce the dissipation of the advection scheme in simulations of gravitationally bound hydrostatic objects. Through its simplicity and efficiency, FISH is as well suited for hydrodynamics classes as for large-scale astrophysical simulations on high-performance computer clusters. In preparation for the release of a public version, we demonstrate the performance of FISH in a suite of astrophysically orientated test cases.

R. Käppeli; S. C. Whitehouse; S. Scheidegger; U.-L. Pen; M. Liebendörfer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Application of neutron activation analysis and high resolution x-ray spectrometry for the determination of trace quantities of elements with short-lived activation products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion Interferences and Errors 3, PROCEDURES AND EXPERIMENTAL SETUP Sample Preparation Pneumatic Sample Transfer System Sample Irradiation X-ray Spectrometry Data Reduction 4. DISCUSSION AND RESULTS System Analysis Analysis Problems.... C. Roentgen made the classic observation that a highly penatrative radiation, unknown at that time, was produced when fast electrons impinged on matter. This radiation, which h called x-rays, was being studied in all parts of the world less than...

Marshall, John Richard

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Highly regioselective SN2? reaction of ?-fluoroallylic phosphates with organocopper reagents and its application to the synthesis of fluorine-containing carbocycles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Treatment of ?-fluoroallyl phosphates with 2.2 equiv. of organocuprates, prepared readily from 2.2 equiv. each of CuCN and organometallics (organolithium reagents, Grignard reagents, and organozinc reagents), in THF at ?40 to 0 °C for 0.25 to 24 h gave ?-products in a highly regioselective manner. Thus obtained ?-adducts were subjected to the ring-closing metathesis, the corresponding cyclic fluoroalkenes being afforded in good yields.

Takashi Nihei; Yusuke Kubo; Takashi Ishihara; Tsutomu Konno

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Facile method for synthesis of TiO{sub 2} film and its application in high efficiency dye sensitized-solar cell (DSSC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) is a device which converts a solar energy to electrical energy. Different with semiconductor thin film based solar cell, DSSC utilize the sensitized-dye to absorb the photon and semiconductor such as titanium dioxide (TiO{sub 2}) and zinc oxide (ZnO) as a working electrode photoanode. In this report, the preparation of TiO{sub 2} film using a facile method of spray deposition and its application in DSSC have been presented. TiO{sub 2} photoanode was synthesized by growing the droplet of titanium tetraisopropoxide diluted in acid solution on the substrate of conductive glass flourine-doped tin oxide (FTO) with variation of precursor volume. DSSC was assemblied by sandwiching both of photoanode electrode and platinum counter electrode subsequently filling the area between these electrodes with triodine/iodine electrolite solution as redox pairs. The characterization of the as prepared DSSC using solar simulator (AM 1.5G, 100 mW/cm{sup 2}) and I-V source meter Keithley 2400 showed that the performance of DSSC was affected by the precursor volume.. The overall conversion efficiency of DSSC using the optimum TiO{sub 2} film was about 1.97% with the open circuit voltage (V{sub oc}) of 0.73 V, short circuit current density (J{sub sc}) of 4.61 mA and fill factor (FF) of 0.58.

Widiyandari, Hendri, E-mail: h.widiyandari@undip.ac.id; Gunawan, S. K.V.; Suseno, Jatmiko Endro [Department of Physics, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto SH, Semarang, Central Java 50275 (Indonesia); Purwanto, Agus [Department of Chemical Engineering, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, Surakarta (Indonesia); Diharjo, Kuncoro [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sebelas Maret University, Jl. Ir. Sutami No. 36 A, Surakarta (Indonesia)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

473

Generation of a suite of 3D computer-generated breast phantoms from a limited set of human subject data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The authors previously reported on a three-dimensional computer-generated breast phantom, based on empirical human image data, including a realistic finite-element based compression model that was capable of simulating multimodality imaging data. The computerized breast phantoms are a hybrid of two phantom generation techniques, combining empirical breast CT (bCT) data with flexible computer graphics techniques. However, to date, these phantoms have been based on single human subjects. In this paper, the authors report on a new method to generate multiple phantoms, simulating additional subjects from the limited set of original dedicated breast CT data. The authors developed an image morphing technique to construct new phantoms by gradually transitioning between two human subject datasets, with the potential to generate hundreds of additional pseudoindependent phantoms from the limited bCT cases. The authors conducted a preliminary subjective assessment with a limited number of observers (n= 4) to illustrate how realistic the simulated images generated with the pseudoindependent phantoms appeared. Methods: Several mesh-based geometric transformations were developed to generate distorted breast datasets from the original human subject data. Segmented bCT data from two different human subjects were used as the 'base' and 'target' for morphing. Several combinations of transformations were applied to morph between the 'base' and 'target' datasets such as changing the breast shape, rotating the glandular data, and changing the distribution of the glandular tissue. Following the morphing, regions of skin and fat were assigned to the morphed dataset in order to appropriately assign mechanical properties during the compression simulation. The resulting morphed breast was compressed using a finite element algorithm and simulated mammograms were generated using techniques described previously. Sixty-two simulated mammograms, generated from morphing three human subject datasets, were used in a preliminary observer evaluation where four board certified breast radiologists with varying amounts of experience ranked the level of realism (from 1 ='fake' to 10 ='real') of the simulated images. Results: The morphing technique was able to successfully generate new and unique morphed datasets from the original human subject data. The radiologists evaluated the realism of simulated mammograms generated from the morphed and unmorphed human subject datasets and scored the realism with an average ranking of 5.87 {+-} 1.99, confirming that overall the phantom image datasets appeared more 'real' than 'fake.' Moreover, there was not a significant difference (p > 0.1) between the realism of the unmorphed datasets (6.0 {+-} 1.95) compared to the morphed datasets (5.86 {+-} 1.99). Three of the four observers had overall average rankings of 6.89 {+-} 0.89, 6.9 {+-} 1.24, 6.76 {+-} 1.22, whereas the fourth observer ranked them noticeably lower at 2.94 {+-} 0.7. Conclusions: This work presents a technique that can be used to generate a suite of realistic computerized breast phantoms from a limited number of human subjects. This suite of flexible breast phantoms can be used for multimodality imaging research to provide a known truth while concurrently producing realistic simulated imaging data.

Hsu, Christina M. L. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Palmeri, Mark L. [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Segars, W. Paul [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Veress, Alexander I. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Dobbins, James T. III [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

474

Scientific Systems Company, Inc. 500 West Cummings Park, Suite 3000, Woburn, MA 01801, USA Tel: (781) 933-5355 Fax: (781) 938-4752 Email: info@ssci.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scientific Systems Company, Inc. 500 West Cummings Park, Suite 3000, Woburn, MA 01801, USA Tel. Founded in 1976 and headquartered in the metro-Boston area, SSCI has built a reputation for delivering Park, Suite 3000, Woburn, MA 01801, USA Tel: (781) 933-5355 Fax: (781) 938-4752 Email: info

Plotkin, Joshua B.

475

Bridgman Growth of Large SrI2:Eu2+ Single Crystals: A High-performance Scintillator for Radiation Detection Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-crystal strontium iodide (SrI2) doped with relatively high levels (e.g., 3 - 6 %) of Eu2+ exhibits characteristics that make this material superior, in a number of respects, to other scintillators that are currently used for radiation detection. Specifically, SrI2:Eu2+ has a light yield that is significantly higher than LaBr3:Ce3+ -a currently employed commercial high-performance scintillator. Additionally, SrI2:Eu2+ is characterized by an energy resolution as high as 2.6% at the 137Cs gamma-ray energy of 662 keV, and there is no radioactive component in SrI2:Eu2+ - unlike LaBr3:Ce3+ that contains 138La. The Ce3+-doped LaBr3 decay time is, however, faster (30 nsec) than the 1.2 sec decay time of SrI2:Eu2+. Due to the relatively low melting point of strontium iodide (~515 oC), crystal growth can be carried out in quartz crucibles by the vertical Bridgman technique. Materials-processing and crystal-growth techniques that are specific to the Bridgman growth of europium-doped strontium iodide scintillators are described here. These techniques include the use of a porous quartz frit to physically filter the molten salt from a quartz antechamber into the Bridgman growth crucible and the use of a bent or bulb grain selector design to suppress multiple grain growth. Single crystals of SrI2:Eu2+ scintillators with good optical quality and scintillation characteristics have been grown in sizes up to 5.0 cm in diameter by applying these techniques. Other aspects of the SrI2:Eu2+ crystal-growth methods and of the still unresolved crystal-growth issues are described here.

Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Ramey, Joanne Oxendine [ORNL; Kolopus, James A [ORNL; Hawrami, Rastgo [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Higgins, William [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Van Loef, Edgar [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Glodo, J. [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Shah, Kanai [Radiation Monitoring Devices, Watertown, MA; Bhattacharya, P. [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Tupitsyn, E [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Groza, Michael [Fisk University, Nashville, TN; Burger, Arnold [Fisk University, Nashville, TN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Enhanced durability of high-temperature desulfurization sorbents for moving-bed applications. Option 2 Program: Development and testing of zinc titanate sorbents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most advantageous configurations of the integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power system is coupling it with a hot gas cleanup for the more efficient production of electric power in an environmentally acceptable manner. In conventional gasification cleanup systems, closely heat exchangers are necessary to cool down the fuel gases for cleaning, sometimes as low as 200--300{degree}F, and to reheat the gases prior to injection into the turbine. The result is significant losses in efficiency for the overall power cycle. High-temperature coal gas cleanup in the IGCC system can be operated near 1000{degree}F or higher, i.e., at conditions compatible with the gasifier and turbine components, resulting is a more efficient overall system. GE is developing a moving-bed, high-temperature desulfurization system for IGCC power systems in which mixed-metal oxides are currently being used as desulfurization sorbents. The objective of this contract is to identify and test fabrication methods and sorbent chemical compositions that enhance the long-term chemical reactivity and mechanical durability of zinc ferrite and other novel sorbents for moving-bed, high-temperature desulfurization of coal-derived gases. Zinc ferrite was studied under the base program of this contract. In the next phase of this program novel sorbents, particularly zinc titanate-based sorbents, are being studied under the remaining optional programs. This topical report summarizes only the work performed under the Option 2 program. In the course of carrying out the program, more than 25 zinc titanate formulations have been prepared and characterized to identify formulations exhibiting enhanced properties over the baseline zinc titanate formulation selected by the US Department of Energy.

Ayala, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

From Ions to Wires to the Grid: The Transformational Science of LANL Research in High-Tc Superconducting Tapes and Electric Power Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) has been tasked to lead national efforts to modernize the electric grid, enhance security and reliability of the energy infrastructure, and facilitate recovery from disruptions to energy supplies. LANL has pioneered the development of coated conductors – high-temperature superconducting (HTS) tapes – which permit dramatically greater current densities than conventional copper cable, and enable new technologies to secure the national electric grid. Sustained world-class research from concept, demonstration, transfer, and ongoing industrial support has moved this idea from the laboratory to the commercial marketplace.

Ken Marken

2009-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

478

Design and Simulation of Novel Enhancement Mode 5–20 kV GaN Vertical Superjunction High Electron Mobility Transistors for Smart Grid Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the design, simulations and optimization of a novel enhancement mode 5–20 kV GaN vertical superjunction (SJ) high electron mobility transistor (HEMT). We optimize the space charge in GaN pillars using GaN SJ p–n diode for the best trade-off between breakdown voltage (BV) and specific on-resistance (Ronsp), by varying the pillar dosage, length and width. The resulting GaN SJ field effect transistor (FET) structure is projected to have, for example, Ronsp of 4.2 m? cm2 with BV of 12.4 kV.

Zhongda Li; T. Paul Chow

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z