Sample records for applicable lateral 01-apr-05

  1. Laterally bendable belt conveyor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peterson, William J. (Coraopolis, PA)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An endless, laterally flexible and bendable belt conveyor particularly adapted for coal mining applications in facilitating the transport of the extracted coal up- or downslope and around corners in a continuous manner is disclosed. The conveying means includes a flat rubber belt reinforced along the middle portion thereof along which the major portion of the belt tension is directed so as to cause rotation of the tubular shaped belt when trammed around lateral turns thus preventing excessive belt bulging distortion between adjacent belt supports which would inhibit belt transport. Pretension induced into the fabric reinforced flat rubber belt by conventional belt take-up means supports the load conveyed when the belt conveyor is making lateral turns. The carrying and return portions of the belt are supported and formed into a tubular shape by a plurality of shapers positioned along its length. Each shaper is supported from above by a monorail and includes clusters of idler rollers which support the belt. Additional cluster rollers in each shaper permit the belt supporting roller clusters to rotate in response to the belt's operating tension imposed upon the cluster rollers by induced lateral belt friction forces. The freely rotating roller clusters thus permit the belt to twist on lateral curves without damage to itself while precluding escape of the conveyed material by effectively enclosing it in the tube-shaped, inner belt transport length.

  2. Approximation of lateral distribution of atmospheric Cherenkov light at different observation levels for different primary particles. Applications for cosmic ray studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Mishev; Strashimir Mavrodiev; Jordan Stamenov

    2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This work summarizes the results presented at 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference in Pune India. Generally the aim of this work is to obtain the lateral distribution of the atmospheric Cherenkov light in extensive air showers produced by different primary particles in wide energy range and at several observation levels and to fit the obtained lateral distributions. Using one large detector and partially modified CORSIKA code version are obtained the lateral distributions of Cherenkov light flux densities at several observation levels for different particle primaries precisely at 536 g/cm2 Chacaltaya, 700 g/cm2 Moussala and 875 g/cm2 Kartalska field observation levels for hadronic primaries and gamma quanta in the energy range 1011 eV-1016 eV. On the basis of the solution of over-determined inverse problem the approximation of these distributions is obtained. The same model function for all the primaries is used and for the different observation levels. The different model parameters for the different primaries and levels are obtained. The approximations are compared with polynomial approximation obtained with different method. Both approximations are used for detector efficiency estimation for the different experiments in preparation and estimation of the accuracy of the reconstruction techniques. At the same time inclined showers up to 30 degrees zenith angle are studied at Chacaltaya observation level. The obtained lateral distributions of vertical showers are compared with vertical showers model and the previously obtained approximation. This permits to adjust the reconstruction strategy and to study the model parameters behavior.

  3. An Adaption Method For Fuzzy Logic Controllers In Lateral Vehicle Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hessburg, Thomas; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for LateralLogic Applications, Fuzzy Logic Control, Lateral Control iiloop system, under fuzzy logic control, follow a reference

  4. Lateral conduction infrared photodetector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kim, Jin K. (Albuquerque, NM); Carroll, Malcolm S. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A photodetector for detecting infrared light in a wavelength range of 3-25 .mu.m is disclosed. The photodetector has a mesa structure formed from semiconductor layers which include a type-II superlattice formed of alternating layers of InAs and In.sub.xGa.sub.1-xSb with 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.0.5. Impurity doped regions are formed on sidewalls of the mesa structure to provide for a lateral conduction of photo-generated carriers which can provide an increased carrier mobility and a reduced surface recombination. An optional bias electrode can be used in the photodetector to control and vary a cut-off wavelength or a depletion width therein. The photodetector can be formed as a single-color or multi-color device, and can also be used to form a focal plane array which is compatible with conventional read-out integrated circuits.

  5. Lateral electrodeposition of compositionally modulated metal layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hearne, Sean J

    2014-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for making a laterally modulated metallic structure that is compositionally modulated in the lateral direction with respect to a substrate.

  6. Studying Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis at the APS

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Gelfand, Paul; Miller, Lisa

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Researchers from Brookhaven National Lab come to Argonne's Advanced Photon Source to study Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

  7. Experimental Results Of Fuzzy Logic Control For Lateral Vehicle Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hessburg, Thomas; Peng, Hei; Zhang, Wei-bin; Arai, Alan; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M. , “Advances in Fuzzy Logic Control for Lateral VehicleExperimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for Lateral1425 Experimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for Lateral

  8. Lateral displacement and rotational displacement sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duden, Thomas

    2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A position measuring sensor formed from opposing sets of capacitor plates measures both rotational displacement and lateral displacement from the changes in capacitances as overlapping areas of capacitors change. Capacitances are measured by a measuring circuit. The measured capacitances are provided to a calculating circuit that performs calculations to obtain angular and lateral displacement from the capacitances measured by the measuring circuit.

  9. Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to...

  10. On the control of the lateral Casimir force between corrugated surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. V. Blagov; G. L. Klimchitskaya; U. Mohideen; V. M. Mostepanenko

    2004-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The general perturbative expression for the lateral Casimir force between two plates covered by longitudinal corrugations of arbitrary shape is obtained. This expression is applicable for corrugation periods larger than the separation distance. The cases of asymmetric corrugations are considered, which allow to increase the maximum to minimum force ratio and affect the character of equilibrium points. This opens new opportunities to control the lateral Casimir forces for use in microelectromechanical devices based entirely on the vacuum fluctuation properties.

  11. High Performance Lateral Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistors on SOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    C-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector transistor. To study the novel characteristics of these lateral Schottky junction of the proposed lateral PNM (NPM) transistor consists of a Schottky junction between N-base (P

  12. Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor for Quantification of Phosphorylated Cholinesterase: Biomarker of Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor...

  13. LATERAL VEHICLE STABILIZATION USING CONSTRAINED NONLINEAR CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tor Arne

    problems of designing a controller for the yaw dynamics are the nonlinearities which appear in the system, nonlinear systems, constraints. Abstract A lateral stabilization system for automotive vehicles is de of the vehicle during braking maneuvers. These systems were followed by traction control systems, which im- prove

  14. Lateral stability of long precast concrete beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgoyne, Chris

    Lateral stability of long precast concrete beams T. J. Stratford, BA, BEng, and C. J. Burgoyne, BA, MSc, CEng, MICE & Modern precast concrete bridge beams are becoming increasingly long and slender, making them more susceptible to buckling failure. This paper shows that once the beam is positioned

  15. LATERAL LANDFILL GAS MIGRATION: CHARACTERIZATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , where waste was buried without building a compacted clay liner at the bottom of the cells. Exploitation of the site. After capping the old cells with a geosynthetic liner, areas of poor crop production (zone Zl and transversal section studied. The site was initially exploited for clay and later filled with domestic waste

  16. Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Van Mierlo, Frank; Sachs, Ely;

    2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to see the progress they've made.

  17. Profiling 1366 Technologies: One Year Later

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Mierlo, Frank; Sachs, Ely

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Last January, we took a look at how ARPA-E performer, 1366 Technologies is working to dramatically reduce the cost of solar energy. A year later, we revisited their headquarters in Lexington, MA to see the progress they've made.

  18. Lateral Drilling and Completion Technologies for Shallow-Shelf Carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Gibbons; Larry A. Carrell; Richard D. George

    1997-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil- well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius laterals in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2590 to 2890 m (8500 to 9500 ft) in Richland Co., MT; Bowman Co., ND; and Harding Co., SD.

  19. Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, Paul (Boulder, CO); Lammlein, David H. (Houston, TX); Cook, George E. (Brentwood, TN); Wilkes, Don Mitchell (Nashville, TN); Strauss, Alvin M. (Nashville, TN); Delapp, David R. (Ashland City, TN); Hartman, Daniel A. (Fairhope, AL)

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Friction stir methods are disclosed for processing at least one workpiece using a rotary tool with rotating member for contacting and processing the workpiece. The methods include oscillating the rotary tool laterally with respect to a selected propagation path for the rotating member with respect to the workpiece to define an oscillation path for the rotating member. The methods further include obtaining force signals or parameters related to the force experienced by the rotary tool at least while the rotating member is disposed at the extremes of the oscillation. The force signals or parameters associated with the extremes can then be analyzed to determine a lateral position of the selected path with respect to a target path and a lateral offset value can be determined based on the lateral position. The lateral distance between the selected path and the target path can be decreased based on the lateral offset value.

  20. Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian, Libisch

    Negative quantum capacitance in graphene nanoribbons with lateral gates R. Reiter1, , U. Derra2 , S numerical simulations of the capacitive coupling between graphene nanoribbons of various widths and gate electrodes in different configurations. We compare the influence of lateral metallic or graphene side gate

  1. Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Slide 2 Aditi Majumder, UCI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majumder, Aditi

    1 Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) Slide 2 Aditi Majumder, UCI What happens beyond the retina? What happens in Lateral Geniculate Nucleus (LGN) Visual cortex Information Flow Superior colliculus #12;2 Slide Retina From Brain stem Thalamus Neurons LGN Neurons LGN Cell From Cortex From Retina To Cortex Slide 4

  2. Thermodynamic and kinetic control of the lateral Si wire growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dedyulin, Sergey N., E-mail: sdedyuli@uwo.ca; Goncharova, Lyudmila V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond St., London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Reproducible lateral Si wire growth has been realized on the Si (100) surface. In this paper, we present experimental evidence showing the unique role that carbon plays in initiating lateral growth of Si wires on a Si (100) substrate. Once initiated in the presence of ?5 ML of C, lateral growth can be achieved in the range of temperatures, T?=?450–650?°C, and further controlled by the interplay of the flux of incoming Si atoms with the size and areal density of Au droplets. Critical thermodynamic and kinetic aspects of the growth are discussed in detail.

  3. Laterally Interconnected Self-Organizing Maps in Hand-Written Digit Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An application of laterally interconnected self-organizing maps (LISSOM) to handwritten digit recognition is presented. The lateral connections learn the correlations of activity between units on the map. The resulting excitatory connections focus the activity into local patches and the inhibitory connections decorrelate redundant activity on the map. The map thus forms internal representations that are easy to recognize with e.g. a perceptron network. The recognition rate on a subset of NIST database 3 is 4.0% higher with LISSOM than with a regular Self-Organizing Map (SOM) as the front end, and 15.8% higher than recognition of raw input bitmaps directly. These results form a promising starting point for building pattern recognition systems with a LISSOM map as a front end. 1 Introduction Hand-written digit recognition has become one of the touchstone problems in neural networks recently. Large databases of training examples such as the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Tech...

  4. Self-organization and segmentation with laterally connected spiking neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing model of spiking neurons with dynamic thresholds and lateral excitatory and inhibitory connections is presented and tested in the image segmentation task. The model integrates two previously separate lines of research in modeling the visual cortex. Laterally connected self-organizing maps have been used to model how afferent structures and lateral connections could self-organize through inputdriven Hebbian adaptation. Spiking neurons with leaky integrator synapses have been used to model image segmentation and binding by synchronization and desynchronization of neuronal activity. Although these approaches differ in how they model the neuron, they have the same overall layout of a laterally connected two-dimensional network. This paper shows how both self-organization and segmentation can be achieved in such a network, thus presenting a unified model of development and functional dynamics in the primary visual cortex. 1

  5. De-noised coding by lateral interactions Cornelius Weber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Cornelius

    De-noised coding by lateral interactions Cornelius Weber Brain and Cognitive Science Dept(8):740-745 (1999). [2] C. Weber and K. Obermayer, Emergence of modularity within one sheet of intrinsically active

  6. Performance analysis for lateral-line-inspired sensor arrays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Vicente I

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral line is a critical component of the fish sensory system, found to affect numerous aspects of behavior including maneuvering in complex fluid environments, schooling, prey tracking, and environment mapping. This ...

  7. Directional sensitivity of velocity sense in lateral trunk flexion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soltys, Joseph S.; Wilson, Sara E.

    2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    motion were examined during paraspinal muscle vibration. Seventeen healthy subjects performed lateral trunk flexion movements while lying prone with pelvis fixed. A 44.5 Hz vibratory stimulus was applied to the paraspinal muscles at the L3 level...

  8. Development of novel diagnostics and therapeutics for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Seth A. (Seth Alan)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with diagnostics and treatments that are ineffective at stopping the progression. This thesis examines new ways of both diagnosing and treating ALS, including ...

  9. Field measurement of lateral earth pressures on retaining walls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riggins, Michael

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FIELD MEASUREMENT OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON RETAINING WALLS A Thesis by Michael Riggins Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1974... Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD MEASUREMENT OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON RETAINING WALLS A Thesis by Michael Riggins Approved as to style and content by: Cha rman of Committee Memb r Head of Departm t P Etc Member August 1974 ABSTRACT...

  10. Modeling Cortical Plasticity Based on Adapting Lateral Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A neural network model called LISSOM for the cooperative self-organization of afferent and lateral connections in cortical maps is applied to modeling cortical plasticity. After self-organization, the LISSOM maps are in a dynamic equilibrium with the input, and reorganize like the cortex in response to simulated cortical lesions and intracortical microstimulation. The model predicts that adapting lateral interactions are fundamental to cortical reorganization, and suggests techniques to hasten recovery following sensory cortical surgery.

  11. A study conducted on laterally loaded cylindrical footings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Kenneth Joseph

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A STUDY CONDUCTED ON LATERALLY LOADED CYLINDRICAL FOOTINGS A Thesis by Kenneth Joseph Koch Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree oi MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1968... Major Subject Civil Engineering A STUDY CONDUCTED ON LATERALLY LOADED CYLINDRICAL FOOTINGS A Thesis by Kenneth Joseph Koch Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department) (Member) (M ber) May 1968...

  12. Lateral position detection and control for friction stir systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fleming, Paul (Boulder, CO); Lammlein, David (Houston, TX); Cook, George E. (Brentwood, TN); Wilkes, Don Mitchell (Nashville, TN); Strauss, Alvin M. (Nashville, TN); Delapp, David (Ashland City, TN); Hartman, Daniel A. (Santa Fe, NM)

    2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A friction stir system for processing at least a first workpiece includes a spindle actuator coupled to a rotary tool comprising a rotating member for contacting and processing the first workpiece. A detection system is provided for obtaining information related to a lateral alignment of the rotating member. The detection system comprises at least one sensor for measuring a force experienced by the rotary tool or a parameter related to the force experienced by the rotary tool during processing, wherein the sensor provides sensor signals. A signal processing system is coupled to receive and analyze the sensor signals and determine a lateral alignment of the rotating member relative to a selected lateral position, a selected path, or a direction to decrease a lateral distance relative to the selected lateral position or selected path. In one embodiment, the friction stir system can be embodied as a closed loop tracking system, such as a robot-based tracked friction stir welding (FSW) or friction stir processing (FSP) system.

  13. Lateral vibration effects in atomic-scale friction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roth, R. [Climate and Environment Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern (Switzerland); Fajardo, O. Y.; Mazo, J. J. [Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada and Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragón, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Meyer, E. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Gnecco, E. [Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia, IMDEA Nanociencia, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of lateral vibrations on the stick-slip motion of a nanotip elastically pulled on a flat crystal surface is studied by atomic force microscopy measurements on a NaCl(001) surface in ultra-high vacuum. The slippage of the nanotip across the crystal lattice is anticipated at increasing driving amplitude, similarly to what is observed in presence of normal vibrations. This lowers the average friction force, as explained by the Prandtl-Tomlinson model with lateral vibrations superimposed at finite temperature. Nevertheless, the peak values of the lateral force, and the total energy losses, are expected to increase with the excitation amplitude, which may limit the practical relevance of this effect.

  14. Lateral load test of a drilled shaft in clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasch, Vernon R

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject...: Civil Engineering LATERAL LOAD TEST OF A DRILLED SHAFT IN CLAY A Thesis by VERNON RAY KASCH Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Ch irman of Committee Charles H. Samson, Jr. Head of Department Wayne . Dunlap - Ne er Christop er C...

  15. Impairment in Dynamic Postural Control Following an Acute Lateral Ankle Sprain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, Anne Lorene

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??Lateral ankle sprains are the most common injury in sports, with an estimated 25,000 per day. Current research assesses postural control deficits following lateral ankle… (more)

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-associated...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for the Cure, and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis... , amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; HSE, heat shock element; NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; DCIC, 3... occur...

  17. Left Lateralized Enhancement of Orofacial Somatosensory Processing Due

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JSLHR Supplement Left Lateralized Enhancement of Orofacial Somatosensory Processing Due to Speech associated with speech articulatory movements affects the perception of speech sounds and vice versa, suggesting an intimate linkage between speech production and perception systems. However, it is unclear which

  18. Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Global Warming 20 Years Later: Tipping Points Near Jim Hansen 23 June 2008 National Press Club, and House Select Committee on Energy Independence & Global Warming Washington, DC #12;1988 Testimony Has Big Effects Did Not Emphasize That Global Warming Enhances Both Extremes of Water Cycle - More

  19. Contour integration and segmentation with self-organized lateral connections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contour integration in low-level vision is believed to occur based on lateral interaction between neurons with similar orientation tuning. How such interactions could arise in the brain has been an open question. Our model suggests that the interactions can be learned through input-driven self-organization, i.e. through the same mechanism that underlies many other developmental and functional phenomena in the visual cortex. The model also shows how synchronized firing mediated by these lateral connections can represent the percept of a contour, resulting in performance similar to that of human contour integration. The model further demonstrates that contour integration performance can differ in different parts of the visual field, depending on what kinds of input distributions they receive during development. The model thus grounds an important perceptual phenomenon onto detailed neural mechanisms, so that various structural and functional properties can be measured, and predictions can be made to guide future experiments. 1

  20. Optimization of Process Parameters for Si Lateral PIN Photodiode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. S. Menon; S. Kalthom Tasirin; Ibrahim Ahmad; S. Fazlili Abdullah

    Abstract: This paper is about four optimization factors of process parameters, namely the intrinsic region length, photoabsorption layer thickness, the incident optical power and the bias voltage in a Si lateral pin-photodiode so as to obtain high frequency response and responsivity. Optimization of these parameters is based on Taguchi optimization method. In terms of simulation for the fabrication and device electrical characterization, ATHENA and ATLAS software from Silvaco Int. were used respectively. The identified factors have three best levels which give different combination based on L9 orthogonal array by Taguchi optimization method. In order to find the optimum factors and levels, signal-to-noise ratios (SNR) of larger-the-better (LTB) was applied. The analysis showed that the entire identified factors gave significant effect on the optical properties of the Si lateral pin-photodiode. It is revealed that the best result for responsivity and frequency response after the optimization approaches were 0.62A/W and 13.1 GHz respectively which respond to the optimized value for intrinsic region length of 6 µm, photoabsorption layer thickness of 50 µm, incident optical 2 power of 1 mW/cm and bias voltage of 3 V. As a conclusion, the optimum solution in achieving the desired high speed photodiode was successfully predicted using Taguchi optimization method. Key words: Taguchi method Photodiode Lateral p-i-n Simulation Silvaco

  1. Maskless lateral epitaxial overgrowth of GaN on sapphire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fini, P.; Marchand, H.; Ibbetson, J.P.; Moran, B.; Zhao, L.; Denbaars, S.P.; Speck, J.S.; Mishra, U.K.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors demonstrate a technique of lateral epitaxial overgrowth (LEO) of GaN, termed maskless LEO, in which no mask is deposited prior to LEO regrowth. Instead, a bulk (> 2 {micro}m) GaN layer on sapphire is selectively dry etched, leaving {approximately} 5 {micro}m-wide stripe mesas oriented in the <10{bar 1}0>{sub GaN} direction, with a 20 {micro}m period. These stripes serve as seeds for LEO GaN growth, which proceeds from the tops of the stripes and expands laterally, resulting in a T, or overhang, morphology. As for LEO over an SiO{sub 2} mask, significant defect reduction (from {approximately} 10{sup 9} cm{sup {minus}2} to {approximately} 10{sup 6} cm{sup {minus}2}) is observed in cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Atomic force microscopy of the top surface of the LEO GaN reveals that no threading dislocations with screw component terminate at the surfaces of laterally overgrown regions. X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the wings exhibit a crystallographic tilt away from the seed regions in an azimuth perpendicular to the stripe direction; the tilt angle ({approximately} 0.4--0.5{degree}) is relatively independent of growth temperature and wing aspect ratio.

  2. Lateral downflows in sunspot penumbral filaments and their temporal evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pozuelo, S Esteban; Rodriguez, J de la Cruz

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the temporal evolution of downflows observed at the lateral edges of penumbral filaments in a sunspot located very close to the disk center. Our analysis is based on a sequence of nearly diffraction-limited spectropolarimetric scans of the Fe I 6173 A line taken with the CRISP instrument at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope. We compute Dopplergrams from the observed intensity profiles using line bisectors and filter the resulting velocity maps for subsonic oscillations. Lateral downflows appear everywhere in the center-side penumbra as small, weak patches of redshifts next to or along the edges of blueshifted flow channels. These patches have an intermittent life and undergo mergings and fragmentations quite frequently. The lateral downflows move together with the hosting filaments and react to their shape variations, very much resembling the evolution of granular convection in the quiet Sun. There is a good relation between brightness and velocity of the flow structures in the center-side penumbra, wi...

  3. Normal and lateral Casimir forces between deformed plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Emig, Thorsten; Hanke, Andreas; Golestanian, Ramin; Kardar, Mehran [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Cologne (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany); Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan 45195-159 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Physics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Casimir force between macroscopic bodies depends strongly on their shape and orientation. To study this geometry dependence in the case of two deformed metal plates, we use a path-integral quantization of the electromagnetic field which properly treats the many-body nature of the interaction, going beyond the commonly used pairwise summation (PWS) of van der Waals forces. For arbitrary deformations we provide an analytical result for the deformation induced change in the Casimir energy, which is exact to second order in the deformation amplitude. For the specific case of sinusoidally corrugated plates, we calculate both the normal and the lateral Casimir forces. The deformation induced change in the Casimir interaction of a flat and a corrugated plate shows an interesting crossover as a function of the ratio of the mean plate distance H to the corrugation length {lambda}: For {lambda}<>H. The amplitude of the lateral force between two corrugated plates which are out of registry is shown to have a maximum at an optimal wavelength of {lambda}{approx_equal}2.5 H. With increasing H/{lambda} > or approx. 0.3 the PWS approach becomes a progressively worse description of the lateral force due to many-body effects. These results may be of relevance for the design and operation of novel microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and other nanoscale devices.

  4. Laterally confined THz sources and graphene based THz optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badhwar, Shruti

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Laterally confined THz Sources and Graphene based THz Optics Shruti Badhwar St John’s College Department of Physics, University of Cambridge A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctorate in Philosophy 31st May 2014 2 To the hands who nourished... . Without the generous support of graphene samples from Piran Kidambi and Dr. Stephan Hofmann, much of this work would not have been possible. I would iii also like to thank Reuben Puddy whose experience with graphene helped some of the ideas to kick...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - arabidopsis lateral root Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    development was demonstrated,24... :www.landesbioscience.comjournalspsbabstract.php?id3604 KEy words homeodomain protein, root development, lateral root development, ......

  6. Method for loading explosive laterally from a borehole

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ricketts, Thomas E. (Grand Junction, CO)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is provided a method for forming an in situ oil shale retort in a subterranean formation containing oil shale. At least one void is excavated in the formation, leaving zones of unfragmented formation adjacent the void. An array of main blastholes is formed in the zone of unfragmented formation and at least one explosive charge which is shaped for forming a high velocity gas jet is placed into a main blasthole with the axis of the gas jet extending transverse to the blasthole. The shaped charge is detonated for forming an auxiliary blasthole in the unfragmented formation adjacent a side wall of the main blasthole. The auxiliary blasthole extends laterally away from the main blasthole. Explosive is placed into the main blasthole and into the auxiliary blasthole and is detonated for explosively expanding formation towards the free face for forming a fragmented permeable mass of formation particles in the in situ oil shale retort.

  7. Lateral solids dispersion coefficient in large-scale fluidized beds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Daoyin; Chen, Xiaoping [School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The design of fuel feed ports in a large-scale fluidized bed combustor depends on the fuel characteristics and lateral solids mixing. However, the reported values of the effective lateral solids dispersion coefficient (D{sub sr}) are scattered in the broad range of 0.0001-0.1 m{sup 2}/s. With the aim of predicting D{sub sr} in wider fluidized beds which is difficult to measure directly or deduce from experimental results in lab-scale facilities, a computational method is proposed. It combines the Eulerian-Granular simulation and fictitious particle tracing technique. The value of D{sub sr} is calculated based on the movement of the tracers. The effect on D{sub sr} of bed width (W) ranging from 0.4 m up to 12.8 m at different levels of superficial gas velocity (U{sub 0}) is investigated. It is found that increasing W whilst maintaining U{sub 0}, D{sub sr} initially increases markedly, then its increase rate declines, and finally it stays around a constant value. The computed values of D{sub sr} are examined quantitatively and compared with a thorough list of the measured D{sub sr} in the literature since 1980s. Agreed with the measurements performed in the pilot-scale fluidized beds, the value of D{sub sr} in wider facilities at higher fluidizing velocities is predicted to be around the order of magnitude of 0.1 m{sup 2}/s, much higher than that in lab-scale beds. Finally, the effect of D{sub sr} on the distribution of fuel particles over the cross section in fluidized beds with the specified layout of feed ports is discussed. (author)

  8. Characterization of wastewater subsurface drip emitters and design approaches concerning system application uniformity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Xiaojing

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    applications showed low application uniformities, which was reflected in overloading of the field near the supply manifold while low emitter discharge rates occurred at the end of lateral. Designers are seeking appropriate operation pressures and drip zone...

  9. Alternative energy estimation from the shower lateral distribution function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitor de Souza; Carlos O. Escobar; Joel Brito; Carola Dobrigkeit; Gustavo Medina-Tanco

    2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The surface detector technique has been successfully used to detect cosmic ray showers for several decades. Scintillators or Cerenkov water tanks can be used to measure the number of particles and/or the energy density at a given depth in the atmosphere and reconstruct the primary particle properties. It has been shown that the experiment configuration and the resolution in reconstructing the core position determine a distance to the shower axis in which the lateral distribution function (LDF) of particles shows the least variation with respect to different primary particles type, simulation models and specific shapes of the LDF. Therefore, the signal at this distance (600 m for Haverah Park and 1000 m for Auger Observatory) has shown to be a good estimator of the shower energy. Revisiting the above technique, we show that a range of distances to the shower axis, instead of one single point, can be used as estimator of the shower energy. A comparison is done for the Auger Observatory configuration and the new estimator proposed here is shown to be a good and robust alternative to the standard single point procedure.

  10. Uncertain worlds of C{sub 4}, 10 years later

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maffia, G. [Widener Univ., Chester, PA (United States)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The future demand for the C{sub 4} stream which includes butadiene, isobutene, and butene-1, and cis/trans butene-2 will be considered. Changing market applications will force petrochemical plants to adopt different processes to satisfy their individual demands.

  11. FERTILISER APPLICATION IN LAND REGENERATION BPG NOTE 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and are covered in BPG Note 6: Application of sewage sludges and composts. When to apply fertiliser MineralFERTILISER APPLICATION IN LAND REGENERATION BPG NOTE 7 Best Practice Guidance for Land Regeneration to solve any mineral deficiencies that may arise later. The best way to decide whether further applications

  12. Low voltage solid-state lateral coloration electrochromic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tracy, C. Edwin (Golden, CO); Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Ruth, Marta R. (Boulder, CO)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid-state transition metal oxide device comprising a plurality of lay having a predisposed orientation including an electrochromic oxide layer. Conductive material including anode and cathode contacts is secured to the device. Coloration is actuated within the electrochromic oxide layer after the application of a predetermined potential between the contacts. The coloration action is adapted to sweep or dynamically extend across the length of the electrochromic oxide layer.

  13. Low voltage solid-state lateral coloration electrochromic device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tracy, C.E.; Benson, D.K.; Ruth, M.R.

    1984-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A solid-state transition metal oxide device comprising a plurality of layers having a predisposed orientation including an electrochromic oxide layer. Conductive material including anode and cathode contacts is secured to the device. Coloration is actuated within the electrochromic oxide layer after the application of a predetermined potential between the contacts. The coloration action is adapted to sweep or dynamically extend across the length of the electrochromic oxide layer.

  14. Nanowire-templated lateral epitaxial growth of non-polar group III nitrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, George T. (Albuquerque, NM); Li, Qiming (Albuquerque, NM); Creighton, J. Randall (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for growing high quality, nonpolar Group III nitrides using lateral growth from Group III nitride nanowires. The method of nanowire-templated lateral epitaxial growth (NTLEG) employs crystallographically aligned, substantially vertical Group III nitride nanowire arrays grown by metal-catalyzed metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) as templates for the lateral growth and coalescence of virtually crack-free Group III nitride films. This method requires no patterning or separate nitride growth step.

  15. HIGH CHARGE EFFECTS IN SILICON DRIFT DETECTORS WITH LATERAL CONFINEMENT OF ELECTRONS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CASTOLDI,A.; REHAK,P.

    1995-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A new drift detector prototype which provides suppression of the lateral diffusion of electrons has been tested as a function of the signal charge up to high charge levels, when electrostatic repulsion is not negligible. The lateral diffusion of the electron cloud has been measured for injected charges up to 2 {center_dot} 10{sup 5} electrons. The maximum number of electrons for which the suppression of the lateral spread is effective is obtained.

  16. E-Print Network 3.0 - ankle lateral stability Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ankle lateral stability Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Journal of Biomechanics 33 (2000)...

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - arteria sural lateral Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Somatosensory Conditioning Summary: NERVE. The sural nerve was stimulated at the ankle just below the lateral malleolus with a train of five... (unconditioned) or with sural...

  18. Fuzzy Logic Control For Lane Change Maneuvers In Lateral Vehicle Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hessburg, Thomas; Tomizuka, Masayoshi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental Results of Fuzzy Logic Control for LateralHessburg, 1994, "Fuzzy Logic Control with Adaptive MethodsOF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Fuzzy Logic Control for Lane Change

  19. Radiation-induced gain degradation in lateral PNP BJTs with lightly and heavily doped emitters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, A. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States); Schrimpf, R.D. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ionizing radiation may cause failures in ICs due to gain degradation of individual devices. The base current of irradiated bipolar devices increases with total dose, while the collector current remains relatively constant. This results in a decrease in the current gain. Lateral PNP (LPNP) transistors typically exhibit more degradation than vertical PNP devices at the same total dose, and have been blamed as the cause of early IC failures at low dose rates. It is important to understand the differences in total-dose response between devices with heavily- and lightly-doped emitters in order to compare different technologies and evaluate the applicability of proposed low-dose-rate hardness-assurance methods. This paper addresses these differences by comparing two different LPNP devices from the same process: one with a heavily-doped emitter and one with a lightly-doped emitter. Experimental results demonstrate that the lightly-doped devices are more sensitive to ionizing radiation and simulations illustrate that increased recombination on the emitter side of the junction is responsible for the higher sensitivity.

  20. Standard practice for measuring the ultrasonic velocity in polyethylene tank walls using lateral longitudinal (LCR) waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1.1 This practice covers a procedure for measuring the ultrasonic velocities in the outer wall of polyethylene storage tanks. An angle beam lateral longitudinal (LCR) wave is excited with wedges along a circumferential chord of the tank wall. A digital ultrasonic flaw detector is used with sending-receiving search units in through transmission mode. The observed velocity is temperature corrected and compared to the expected velocity for a new, unexposed sample of material which is the same as the material being evaluated. The difference between the observed and temperature corrected velocities determines the degree of UV exposure of the tank. 1.2 The practice is intended for application to the outer surfaces of the wall of polyethylene tanks. Degradation typically occurs in an outer layer approximately 3.2-mm (0.125-in.) thick. Since the technique does not interrogate the inside wall of the tank, wall thickness is not a consideration other than to be aware of possible guided (Lamb) wave effects or reflection...

  1. Power to the People...Energy for Now and Later

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sung, Chih-Jen; Law, Chung K; Brady, Kyle; Curtis, Nicholas

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Representing the Combustion Energy Frontier Research Center (CEFRC), this document is one of the entries in the Ten Hundred and One Word Challenge. As part of the challenge, the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers were invited to represent their science in images, cartoons, photos, words and original paintings, but any descriptions or words could only use the 1000 most commonly used words in the English language, with the addition of one word important to each of the EFRCs and the mission of DOE: energy. The mission of CEFRC is to develop a validated, predictive, multi-scale combusion modeling capacity which can be used to optimize the design and operation of evolving fuels in advanced engines for transportation applications.

  2. Calibration of the torsional spring constant and the lateral photodiode response of frictional force microscopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attard, Phil

    Calibration of the torsional spring constant and the lateral photodiode response of frictional simultaneously calibrates the photodiode response to the angular deflection of the cantilever. It does not rely steps: the calibration of the lateral photodiode response to convert the measured volts to the angle

  3. Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junk, Michael

    Preprint 24th EU PVSEC, 2009, Hamburg FITTING OF LATERAL RESISTANCES IN SILICON SOLAR CELLS cell from electroluminescence (EL) is introduced. A two-dimensional model of the solar cell screen printed monocrystalline silicon solar cell are shown and the influence of lateral diffusion

  4. Thermocapillary instabilities in a laterally heated liquid bridge with end wall rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witkowski, Laurent Martin

    Thermocapillary instabilities in a laterally heated liquid bridge with end wall rotation L in a laterally heated liquid bridge is studied numerically using the full-zone model of the floating-zone crystal growth technique. A small Prandtl number (0.02) fluid, relevant for semiconductor melts, is studied

  5. Effect of collector lateral scaling on performance of high-speed SiGe HBTs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rieh, Jae-Sung

    Effect of collector lateral scaling on performance of high-speed SiGe HBTs with fT > 300 GHz J.-S. Rieh, M. Khater, A. Jeseph, G. Freeman and D. Ahlgren The effect of collector lateral scaling followed by a degradation with decreasing collector width. Possible causes behind the observed trend

  6. Adolescent conduct problems and later risk of induced abortion: A population-based longitudinal study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Løw, Erik

    MEMORANDUM No 6:2007 Adolescent conduct problems and later risk of induced abortion: A population://www.iss.uio.no/forskning/memoranda.html #12;ii Adolescent conduct problems and later risk of induced abortion: A population- based and abortion. #12;iii Conclusions: Girls with conduct problems in early adolescence are at risk for induced

  7. Lateral Dynamics Reconstruction for Sharp'71 Motorcycle Model with P2I Observer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Lateral Dynamics Reconstruction for Sharp'71 Motorcycle Model with P2I Observer Chabane Chenane (motorcycle, scooter, etc.). For that purpose, the well-known motorcycle model developed by Sharp in 1971 is used. This model characterizes the lateral dynamics of a motorcycle [16]. The roll angle

  8. Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line Henry C. Ou online 19 July 2007 Abstract We have used time-lapse imaging to study cisplatin-induced hair cell death in lateral line neuromasts of zebrafish larvae in vivo. We found that cisplatin-induced hair cell death

  9. Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Death and Rapid Regeneration in the Lateral Line of Zebrafish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Death and Rapid Regeneration in the Lateral Line of Zebrafish (Danio ABSTRACT Mechanoreceptive hair cells are extremely sensitive to aminoglycoside antibiotics, including neomycin. Hair cell survival was assessed in larval wild-type zebrafish lateral line neuromasts 4 h after

  10. Lateral drilling and completion technologies for shallow-shelf carbonates of the Red River and Ratcliffe Formations, Williston Basin. Topical report, July 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carrell, L.A.; George, R.D.; Gibbons, D.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Luff Exploration Company (LEC) focused on involvement in technologies being developed utilizing horizontal drilling concepts to enhance oil-well productivity starting in 1992. Initial efforts were directed toward high-pressure lateral jetting techniques to be applied in existing vertical wells. After involvement in several failed field attempts with jetting technologies, emphasis shifted to application of emerging technologies for drilling short-radius lateral in existing wellbores and medium-radius technologies in new wells. These lateral drilling technologies were applied in the Mississippi Ratcliffe and Ordovician Red River formations at depths of 2,590 to 2,890 m in Richland County, MT; Bowman County, ND; and Harding County, SD. In theory, all of the horizontal drilling techniques explored in this project have merit for application fitting specific criteria. From a realistic point of view, the only relatively trouble-free, adequately-proven technology employed was the medium-radius steered motor/MWD technology. The slim-tool steered motor/MWD re-entry technology has been used extensively but appears to still be significantly in developmental stages. This technology will probably always be more troublesome than the technology used to drill new wells because the smaller diameter required for the tools contributes to both design and operational complexities. Although limited mechanical success has been achieved with some of the lateral jetting technologies and the Amoco tools, their predictability and reliability is unproven. Additionally, they appear to be limited to shallow depths and certain rock types. The Amoco technology probably has the most potential to be successfully developed for routinely reliable, field applications. A comparison of the various horizontal drilling technologies investigated is presented.

  11. Reducing the efficiency droop by lateral carrier confinement in InGaN/GaN quantum-well nanorods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Chentian; Yang, Fan; Park, Min Joo; Kwak, Joon Seop; Jung, Sukkoo; Choi, Yoon-Ho; Wang, Xiaoyong; Xiao, Min

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficiency droop is a major obstacle facing high-power application of InGaN/GaN quantum-well (QW) light-emitting diodes. In this letter, we report the suppression of efficiency droop induced by density-activated defect recombination in nanorod structure of a-plane InGaN/GaN QWs. In the high carrier density regime, the retained emission efficiency in a dry-etched nanorod sample is observed to be over two times higher than that in its parent QW sample. We further argue that the improvement is a combined effect of the amendment contributed by lateral carrier confinement and the deterioration made by surface trapping.

  12. Basal application of systemic insecticides to cotton plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reeves, Beverly Gray

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    should be conducted to perfect an alternative technique for anointing the brushes with the insecticide formulation. Two possible alternatives are suggested for consideration. A. Meter the insecticide into the hub of each brush through a hollow drive.... INTRODUCTION II. REVIEW OF LITERATURE III. METHODS AND MATERIALS Design Description of Applicator Members Rotary brush applicator Stationary brush applicator Lateral spray applicator Description of the Test, Mixture Laboratory Evaluation Procedure...

  13. STRUCTURAL RESPONSE OF THE DIII-D TOROIDAL FIELD COIL TO INCREASED LATERAL LOADS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    REIS,E.E; CHIN,E

    2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 Recent calibration shots in which full toroidal field (TF) coil current interacted with the maximum poloidal field coils have produced increased lateral loads on the outer sections of the TF-coil. The increased lateral loads have resulted in deflections that have been sufficient to cause the TF-coil to contact adjacent equipment and produce a transient short to ground within the coil. The six outer turns of each TF-coil bundle are clamped together by insulated preloaded studs to provide increased bending stiffness. These sections of the outer bundles depend on friction to react the lateral loads as a bundle rather than six individual turns. A major concern is that the increased loads will produce slip between turns resulting in excessive lateral deflections and possible damage to the insulating sleeve on the preloaded studs. A finite element structural model of the TF-coil was developed for the calculation of deflections and the shear load distribution throughout the coil for the applied lateral loads from a full current calibration shot. The purpose of the updated structural model is to correlate the applied lateral loads to the total shear force between the unbonded sections of the outer turns. An allowable integrated lateral load applied to the outer turns is established based on the maximum shear force that can be reacted by friction. A program that calculates the magnetic fields and integrated lateral load along the outer turns can be incorporated into the plasma control system. The integrated load can then be compared to the calculated allowable value prior to execution of calibration shots. Calibration shots with a calculated total lateral load greater than the allowable value will be prevented.

  14. CFD study of hydrodynamic signal perception by fish using the lateral line system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapo, Mark Andrew

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The lateral line system on fish has been found to aid in schooling behavior, courtship communication, active and passive hydrodynamic imaging, and prey detection. The most widely used artificial prey stimulus has been the ...

  15. Design, fabrication and testing of a lateral self-cleaning MEMS switch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Yong, 1965-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A lateral contact MEMS switch has been developed to address the need for a long life cycle, low contact resistance RF switch. At the present time, there is no commercial MEMS switch that meets all the requirements. The ...

  16. Simulation and fabrication of GaN-based vertical and lateral normally-off power transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuhao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is divided in two parts. First, self-consistent electro-thermal simulations have been performed for single finger and multi-finger GaN-based vertical and lateral power transistors and were validated with ...

  17. The effects of emitter-tied field plates on lateral PNP ionizing radiation response

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnaby, H.J.; Schrimpf, R.D.; Cirba, C.R. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Kosier, S.L. [VTC Inc., Bloomington, MN (United States)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation response comparisons of lateral PNP bipolar technologies reveal that device hardening may be achieved by extending the emitter contact over the active base. The emitter-tied field plate suppresses recombination of carriers with interface traps.

  18. Mechanisms of ionizing-radiation-induced gain degradation in lateral PNP BJTs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, D.M.; Wu, A.; Schrimpf, R.D. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States), Dept. of ECE; Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Combs, W.E. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, Crane, IN (United States). Crane Div.

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical mechanisms for gain degradation in laterals PNP bipolar transistors are examined experimentally and through simulation. The effect of increased surface recombination velocity at the base surface is moderated by positive oxide charge.

  19. Lateral control of articulated vehicles for automated highway systems under uncertainty in vehicle parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daud, Omar

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studied in this thesis is the formulation of lateral control algorithms for articulated vehicles performing a lane following maneuver on Automated Highway Systems (AHS). A steering control algorithm using the input/output linearization scheme...

  20. Positively and negatively large Goos-Hänchen lateral displacements from a symmetric gyrotropic slab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Bae-Ian

    A detailed study on the lateral displacements of a transverse magnetic (TM) wave transmitted and reflected from a symmetric gyrotropic slab is presented. We give the analytic formulas for the transmission coefficient and ...

  1. Laboratory investigation of lateral dispersion within dense arrays of randomly distributed cylinders at transitional Reynolds number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nepf, Heidi

    Relative (effective) lateral dispersion of a passive solute was examined at transitional Reynolds numbers within a two-dimensional array of randomly distributed circular cylinders of uniform diameter d. The present work ...

  2. Research paper Lateral line hair cell maturation is a determinant of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Research paper Lateral line hair cell maturation is a determinant of aminoglycoside susceptibility online 3 February 2006 Abstract Developmental differences in hair cell susceptibility to aminoglycoside fluorescent vital dye markers to further investigate the determinants of aminoglycoside induced hair cell

  3. New retaining wall design criteria based on lateral earth pressure measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, William Vincent

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NEW RETAINING WALL DESIGN CRITERIA BASED ON LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS A Thesis by William V. ' Wright Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A & M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Civil Engineering NEW RETAINING WALL DESIGN CRITERIA BASED ON LATERAL EARTH PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS A thesi s by William V. Wright (Chairman of Commi ttee) (M ber) (Head of Department) 0'( (Member) August 1975...

  4. Design of a reconfigurable lateral flight control system for a C-135 aircraft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaney, Colin Andrew

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DESIGN OF A RECONFIGURABLE LATERA. L FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A C ? 135 AIRCRAFT A Thesis COLIN ANDREW SWANEY Approved as to style and content by: S. Jayasuriya (Chair... and intelligence. These aircraft are equipped with specially designed radar and antennae. The C-135 aircraft has four engines and is similar in configuration to the commercial Boeing 707. A. Lateral Equations of Motion The lateral equations of motion...

  5. Field tests and new design procedure for laterally loaded drilled shafts in clay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierschwale, Mark W.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by l1ARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Submitted to ihe Graduate College Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD TESTS AND NEW DESIGN PROCEDURE FOR LATERALLY LOADED DRILLED SHAFTS IN CLAY A Thesis by NARK WILLIAM BIERSCHWALE Approved as to style and content by: Harry M. Coyle - Chairman...

  6. Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Proposal and design of a new SiC-emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor on SOI, a SiC emitter lateral NPM Schottky collector bipolar transistor (SCBT) with a silicon-on-insulator (SOI on simulation results, the authors demonstrate for the first time that the proposed SiC emitter lateral NPM

  7. Flexural support member having a high ratio of lateral-to-axial stiffness

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haas, W.M.B.

    1983-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A convoluted flexible support structure is provided which is capable of supplying a lateral to axial spring rate in excess of 1000 to 1. A support member in the form of a steel disc having a specified number of rather large radius, concentric convolutions and a thickness in the range of from about 0.01 to 0.02 inch has an axial stiffness of about 50 pounds/inch while the lateral stiffness is about 100,000 pounds/inch. The support member may be used to support a vibration device where the lateral motion of the vibrator must be highly restricted while providing relatively free axial displacement of about +-0.25 inch.

  8. Power law scaling of lateral deformations with universal Poissons index for randomly folded thin sheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander S. Balankin; Didier Samayoa Ochoa; Ernesto Pineda Leon; Rolando Cortes Montes de Oca; Antonio Horta Rangel; Miguel Angel Martinez Cruz

    2008-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the lateral deformations of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic thin sheets under the uniaxial and radial compressions. We found that the lateral deformations of cylinders folded from elastoplastic sheets of paper obey a power law behavior with the universal Poissons index nu = 0.17 pm 0.01, which does not depend neither the paper kind and sheet sizes, nor the folding confinement ratio. In contrast to this, the lateral deformations of randomly folded predominantly plastic aluminum foils display the linear dependence on the axial compression with the universal Poissons ratio nu_e = 0.33 pm 0.01. This difference is consistent with the difference in fractal topology of randomly folded elastoplastic and predominantly plastic sheets, which is found to belong to different universality classes. The general form of constitutive stress-deformation relations for randomly folded elastoplastic sheets is suggested.

  9. Coupling of lateral grating displacement to the output ports of a diffractive Fabry-Perot cavity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Hallam; S. Chelkowski; A. Freise; S. Hild; B. Barr; K. A. Strain; O. Burmeister; R. Schnabel

    2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Diffraction gratings have been proposed as core elements in future laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors. In this paper, we use a steady-state technique to derive coupling of lateral grating displacement to the output ports of a diffractive Fabry-Perot cavity. By introducing a signal to noise ratio (SNR) for each of the three cavity output ports the magnitude of the noise sidebands originating from lateral grating displacement are compared to the magnitude of a potential gravitational wave signal. For the example of a 3km long Fabry-Perot cavity featuring parameters similar to the planned Advanced Virgo instrument, we found that the forward-reflecting grating port offers the highest SNR at low frequencies. Furthermore, for this example suspension requirements for lateral isolation were computed, and a factor of twenty relaxation at a frequency of 10Hz can be gained over the transmitted port by observing the forward-reflected port.

  10. Thermal imaging measurement of lateral diffusivity and non-invasive material defect detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sun, Jiangang (Westmont, IL); Deemer, Chris (Downers Grove, IL)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A system and method for determining lateral thermal diffusivity of a material sample using a heat pulse; a sample oriented within an orthogonal coordinate system; an infrared camera; and a computer that has a digital frame grabber, and data acquisition and processing software. The mathematical model used within the data processing software is capable of determining the lateral thermal diffusivity of a sample of finite boundaries. The system and method may also be used as a nondestructive method for detecting and locating cracks within the material sample.

  11. Lateral Stability Analysis of Hypersonic Vehicle under Pressure Fluctuation by Solving Mathieu Differential Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    Lateral Stability Analysis of Hypersonic Vehicle under Pressure Fluctuation by Solving Mathieu's Republic of China Two recent test failures of Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 impose a strike in dynamic analysis of hypersonic vehicles. To demonstrate the idea, a hypersonic model is imagined

  12. Ratchet Effects Induced by Terahertz Radiation in Heterostructures with a Lateral Periodic Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganichev, Sergey

    Ratchet Effects Induced by Terahertz Radiation in Heterostructures with a Lateral Periodic of the Seebeck ratchet effect. The effect is measured in semiconductor heterostructures with a one ratchet effect, we observe a photon helicity dependent response and propose a microscopic mechanism

  13. Calibration of lateral force measurements in atomic force microscopy with a piezoresistive force sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie Hui; Vitard, Julien; Haliyo, Sinan; Regnier, Stephane [Institut des Systemes Intelligents et Robotique (ISIR), Universite Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6/CNRS, 18 Route du Panorama-BP 61, 92265 Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France); Boukallel, Mehdi [Laboratoire de Robotique et Mesorobotique (LRM), CEA, 18 Route du Panorama-BP 61, 92265 Fontenay-Aux-Roses (France)

    2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present here a method to calibrate the lateral force in the atomic force microscope. This method makes use of an accurately calibrated force sensor composed of a tipless piezoresistive cantilever and corresponding signal amplifying and processing electronics. Two ways of force loading with different loading points were compared by scanning the top and side edges of the piezoresistive cantilever. Conversion factors between the lateral force and photodiode signal using three types of atomic force microscope cantilevers with rectangular geometries (normal spring constants from 0.092 to 1.24 N/m and lateral stiffness from 10.34 to 101.06 N/m) were measured in experiments using the proposed method. When used properly, this method calibrates the conversion factors that are accurate to {+-}12.4% or better. This standard has less error than the commonly used method based on the cantilever's beam mechanics. Methods such of this allow accurate and direct conversion between lateral forces and photodiode signals without any knowledge of the cantilevers and the laser measuring system.

  14. Voxel-Based MRI Intensitometry Reveals Extent of Cerebral White Matter Pathology in Amyotrophic Lateral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaser, Christian

    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is characterized by progressive loss of upper and lower motor neurons voxel-based intensitometry (VBI). High resolution T1-weighted MRI was acquired at 1.5 Tesla in 30 ALS neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive loss of upper motor neurons (UMN) and lower motor neurons

  15. published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    published in 1984 in West Germany and later released in a bilingual Ger- man-English edition- grated to West Germany. In her next novel, Reisende auf einem Bein (1989; Traveling on One Leg, 1998 in Romania by starting a new life as an émigré in Germany. In her next novel, Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht

  16. Behavior of the drain leakage current in metal-induced laterally crystallized thin lm transistors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behavior of the drain leakage current in metal-induced laterally crystallized thin ®lm transistors crystallized (MILC) thin ®lm transistors (TFTs) are better than solid phase crystallized (SPC) TFTs in many. � 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Thin ®lm transistors; Leakage current

  17. Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. Energies December 27, 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    later) Thermal and non­thermal energies of solar flares P. Saint­Hilaire 1,2 and A.O. Benz 1 1 Institute energy of the non­thermal electrons in 14 hard X­ray peaks from 9 medium­sized solar flares have been, Switzerland Received ... / Accepted ... Abstract. The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic

  18. Harvesting for RNA Filtering the cells is the quickest way to collect them for later RNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunham, Maitreya

    Harvesting for RNA Filtering the cells is the quickest way to collect them for later RNA processing shock. The following protocol is intended for ~108 ­1010 cells. If the filtering seems slow, harvest less culture or divide the cells over multiple filters. If you're harvesting less than ~108 cells, you

  19. Self-Assembly of Microscale Objects at a Liquid/Liquid Interface through Lateral Capillary Forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    Self-Assembly of Microscale Objects at a Liquid/Liquid Interface through Lateral Capillary Forces allowed to self-assemble at the perfluorodecalin/water interface. These plates were fabricated from, the designs of hydrophobic edges necessary to generate menisci useful in self-assembly were different for 100

  20. Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using the "Capillary Bond"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    Mesoscale Self-Assembly of Hexagonal Plates Using Lateral Capillary Forces: Synthesis Using examines self-assembly in a quasi-two-dimensional, mesoscale system. The system studied here involves and hydrophilic faces on the hexagonal plates led to three outcomes: (i) the extension of the strategies of self-assembly

  1. Cyclic Testing of Braces Laterally Restrained by Steel Studs Oguz C. Celik1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    of concentrically braced frames with and without cold formed steel stud CFSS infills designed to laterally restrain subject headings: Cyclic tests; Bracing; Studs; Steel frames; Seismic response; Energy dissipation; Cold demonstrated that pipe braces with lower effective slenderness KL/r and diameter- to-wall thickness D/t ratios

  2. Evaluating the Behavior of Laterally Loaded Piles under a Scoured Condition by Model Tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismael, Omar Khaleel

    2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    , and the scour widths were 0 and 667 mm. Two-way loading was the method of applying repeated loads and a safety factor of 2.0 was applied for the ultimate lateral load capacities of the piles calculated using Broms' method. Pile failure was defined when...

  3. Role of SDF1 chemokine in the development of lateral line efferent and facial motor neurons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montpellier II, Université

    Role of SDF1 chemokine in the development of lateral line efferent and facial motor neurons Dora on the SDF1 chemokine. We show that the migration of motor neurons of the facial nucleus from rhombomere 4 to 6 is also affected in sdf1a morphants (embryos injected with morpholine- conjugated antisense

  4. ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Wen

    ECOLOGY, EVOLUTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (for students entering Biology in Fall 2011 or later course other than BIOL 54200 124 Total Credits BIOLOGY: 1. BIOL 12100 Biology I: Diversity, Ecology 28600 Intro. to Ecology and Evolution (2 cr.; spring) or BIOL 29500, Intro. to Evolution & Ecology (2 cr

  5. Realizing high-voltage thin film lateral bipolar transistors on SOI with a collector-tub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Realizing high-voltage thin film lateral bipolar transistors on SOI with a collector-tub Sukhendu-dimensional device simulation to examine the effect of a collector tub on the collector breakdown of the SOI based BJTs. This method involves creating a collector tub by etching the buried oxide followed by an n

  6. Degree Requirements 2005 and later bulletins Arts and Letters, Science and Social Science Majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    credit hours math/stat + 12 credit hours Science, 8 of which must have lab or field work (28 credit hours 2005 and later bulletins Name________________________________________________________ID Science ___ 4 credit hours math/stat ___ 12 credit hours Science-w/minimum of 8 credits which must have

  7. Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman of accident data reveals that losing the vehicle control is responsible for a huge proportion of car accidents. Preventing such kind of accidents using vehicle control systems, requires certain input data concerning

  8. Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsumoto, Shingo

    Harmonic Content of Strain-induced Potential Modulation in Unidirectional Lateral Superlattices from a ¼ 92 to 184 nm. Fourier analysis reveals the second (and the third) harmonics along of corresponding harmonics in the profile of the potential modulation. The harmonics manifest themselves in CO

  9. Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1 My presentation today is exactly 20 years after my 23 June 1988 testimony to Congress, which alerted the public that global warming has developed between what is understood about global warming by the relevant scientific community

  10. Thermal imaging measurement of lateral thermal diffusivity in continuous fiber ceramic composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, J. G.; Deemer, C.; Ellingson, W. A.

    2000-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrared thermal imaging has become a common technique for nondestructive evaluation and measurement of thermal properties in ceramic specimens. Flash thermal imaging can be used to determine two-dimensional through-thickness thermal diffusivity in a planar specimen. In this study, the authors extended the method to determine lateral, or transverse, thermal diffusivity in the specimen. During the flash thermal imaging test, pulsed heat energy is applied to a specimen's back surface, which is partially shielded, and the change of temperature distribution on the front surface is monitored by an infrared thermal imaging system. The temperature distribution represents the effect of both the normal heat transfer through the specimen's thickness and the lateral heat transfer through the interface between the shielded and unshielded back-surface regions. Those temperature distributions are then fitted with a theoretical solution of the heat transfer process to determine the lateral thermal diffusivity at the interface. This technique has been applied to measure lateral thermal diffusivity in a steel plate and a continuous fiber ceramic composite specimen.

  11. On Sandstrm's inferences from his tank experiments a hundred years later

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlbrodt, Till

    1 On Sandström's inferences from his tank experiments ­ a hundred years later Till Kuhlbrodt;2 Abstract In 1908, J.W. Sandström conducted several tank experiments to illustrate oceanic circulations. Such overturning circulations are found in the atmos- phere and in the ocean, and they have been treated in tank

  12. Lateral forces on nanoparticles near a surface under circularly-polarized plane-wave illumination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez-Fortuño, Francisco J; Engheta, Nader; Zayats, Anatoly V

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical forces allow manipulation of small particles and control of nanophotonic structures with light beams. Here, we describe a counter-intuitive lateral optical force acting on particles placed above a substrate, under uniform plane wave illumination without any field gradients. We show that under circularly-polarized illumination, nanoparticles experience a lateral force as a result of dipolar, spin-sensitive scattering, with a magnitude comparable to other optical forces. To this end, we rigorously calculate the force experienced by a circularly polarized dipole radiating above a surface. Unlike for linearly-polarized dipoles, force components parallel to the surface can exist, caused by the recoil of unidirectional guided modes excited at the surface and/or by dipole-dipole interactions with the induced image dipole. These results were presented and discussed in conferences [1] and [2].

  13. Lateral Stability Analysis of Hypersonic Vehicle under Pressure Fluctuation by Solving Mathieu Differential Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Qingkai

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two recent test failures of Hypersonic Technology Vehicle 2 impose a strike to the increasingly growing enthusiasm, not only on the United States side. It is important to find out the exact failure reason, otherwise a solution is impossible. In this Note, we propose a potential failure reason from the perspective of lateral stability analysis. We argue that the time variant pressure fluctuations, which are normally omitted in classical aircraft dynamics analysis, could not be neglected in dynamic analysis of hypersonic vehicles. To demonstrate the idea, a hypersonic model is imagined in this work and its aerodynamic parameters are estimated using fundamental fluid principles. Pressure fluctuations are thereafter estimated by an empirical formula. A lateral dynamic equation is set up, taking those time variant fluctuations into account. The resulted equation is a Mathieu differential equation. Numerical solutions of this equation show that the inclusion of fluctuation terms generates more complicated dynamics ...

  14. Lateral acoustic wave resonator comprising a suspended membrane of low damping resonator material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsson, Roy H.; El-Kady; , Ihab F.; Ziaei-Moayyed, Maryam; Branch; , Darren W.; Su; Mehmet F.,; Reinke; Charles M.,

    2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A very high-Q, low insertion loss resonator can be achieved by storing many overtone cycles of a lateral acoustic wave (i.e., Lamb wave) in a lithographically defined suspended membrane comprising a low damping resonator material, such as silicon carbide. The high-Q resonator can sets up a Fabry-Perot cavity in a low-damping resonator material using high-reflectivity acoustic end mirrors, which can comprise phononic crystals. The lateral overtone acoustic wave resonator can be electrically transduced by piezoelectric couplers. The resonator Q can be increased without increasing the impedance or insertion loss by storing many cycles or wavelengths in the high-Q resonator material, with much lower damping than the piezoelectric transducer material.

  15. Deformability-based red blood cell separation in deterministic lateral displacement devices - a simulation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm Krueger; David Holmes; Peter V. Coveney

    2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We show, via three-dimensional immersed-boundary-finite-element-lattice-Boltzmann simulations, that deformability-based red blood cell (RBC) separation in deterministic lateral displacement (DLD) devices is possible. This is due to the deformability-dependent lateral extension of RBCs and enables us to predict a priori which RBCs will be displaced in a given DLD geometry. Several diseases affect the deformability of human cells. Malaria-infected RBCs or sickle cells, for example, tend to become stiffer than their healthy counterparts. It is therefore desirable to design microfluidic devices which can detect those diseases based on the cells' deformability fingerprint, rather than preparing samples using expensive and time-consuming biochemical preparation steps. Our findings should be helpful in the development of new methods for sorting cells and particles by deformability.

  16. Numerical analysis of the laterally loaded piles in the Kuwait offshore environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Obaid, Y.F.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An attempt is made to present an automated analysis of laterally loaded piles using subgrade reaction theory and the P-delta curves governing the soil properties. The finite difference method is applied in establishing the governing equations. The pile response is obtained using the boundary conditions improved by Newtonian method. Results obtained are forces, moments, deflections and soil reactions for various depths of strata in which such piles exist. Based on these results future recommendations are made.

  17. Effect of aerodynamic uncertainties on unconventional lateral control at high angle of attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eller, Bob Gensen

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF AERODYNAMIC UNCERTAINTIES ON UNCONVENTIONAL LATERAL CONTROL AT HIGH ANGLE OF ATTACK A Thesis by BOB GENSEN ELLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering EFFECT OF AERODYNAMIC UNCERTAINTIES ON UNCONVENTIONAL LATEHAI CONTROL AT HIGH ANGI. E (&F A'I'TACK A Thesis by BOB GENSEN ELLER Approved as to style and content by: Donald T...

  18. Project W-320 Heel Jet Secondary Catch Mechanism lateral load test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bellomy, J.R.

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This test procedure establishes the requirements for performing a lateral load test of the Heel Jet Secondary Catch Mechanism (SCM). Successful performance of this test will demonstrate that the SCM is capable of performing as designed when subjected to a force applied normal to the longitudinal axis of the mechanism. This test procedure is prepared following the recommended format and content guidelines for test procedures as prescribed in WHC-IP-1026, Engineering Practice Guidelines, Appendix K, Test Plans, Specifications, Procedures and Reports.

  19. A calibration method for lateral forces for use with colloidal probe force microscopy cantilevers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quintanilla, M. A. S.; Goddard, D. T. [Nexia Solutions Ltd., Springfields, Salwick, Preston, Lancashire PR4 0XJ (United Kingdom)

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A calibration method is described for colloidal probe cantilevers that enables friction force measurements obtained using lateral force microscopy (LFM) to be quantified. The method is an adaptation of the lever method of Feiler et al. [A. Feiler, P. Attard, and I. Larson, Rev. Sci. Instum. 71, 2746 (2000)] and uses the advantageous positioning of probe particles that are usually offset from the central axis of the cantilever. The main sources of error in the calibration method are assessed, in particular, the potential misalignment of the long axis of the cantilever that ideally should be perpendicular to the photodiode detector. When this is not taken into account, the misalignment is shown to have a significant effect on the cantilever torsional stiffness but not on the lateral photodiode sensitivity. Also, because the friction signal is affected by the topography of the substrate, the method presented is valid only against flat substrates. Two types of particles, 20 {mu}m glass beads and UO{sub 3} agglomerates attached to silicon tapping mode cantilevers were used to test the method against substrates including glass, cleaved mica, and UO{sub 2} single crystals. Comparisons with the lateral compliance method of Cain et al. [R. G. Cain, S. Biggs, and N. W. Page, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 227, 55 (2000)] are also made.

  20. Topographic Receptive Fields and Patterned Lateral Interaction in a Self-Organizing Model of The Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing neural network model for the simultaneous and cooperative development of topographic receptive fields and lateral interactions in cortical maps is presented. Both afferent and lateral connections adapt by the same Hebbian mechanism in a purely local and unsupervised learning process. Afferent input weights of each neuron self-organize into hill-shaped profiles, receptive fields organize topographically across the network, and unique lateral interaction profiles develop for each neuron. The model demonstrates how patterned lateral connections develop based on correlated activity, and explains why lateral connection patterns closely follow receptive field properties such as ocular dominance. 1 Introduction The response properties of neurons in many sensory cortical areas are ordered topographically, that is, nearby neurons respond to nearby areas of the receptor surface. Such topographic maps form by the self-organization of afferent connections to the cortex, driven b...

  1. Renewal Application

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewal Individual Permit Renewal Application The Permit expires March 31, 2014 and existing permit conditions will be in effect until a new permit is issued. The Permittees...

  2. Factsheets Web Application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VIGIL,FRANK; REEDER,ROXANA G.

    2000-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Factsheets web application was conceived out of the requirement to create, update, publish, and maintain a web site with dynamic research and development (R and D) content. Before creating the site, a requirements discovery process was done in order to accurately capture the purpose and functionality of the site. One of the high priority requirements for the site would be that no specialized training in web page authoring would be necessary. All functions of uploading, creation, and editing of factsheets needed to be accomplished by entering data directly into web form screens generated by the application. Another important requirement of the site was to allow for access to the factsheet web pages and data via the internal Sandia Restricted Network and Sandia Open Network based on the status of the input data. Important to the owners of the web site would be to allow the published factsheets to be accessible to all personnel within the department whether or not the sheets had completed the formal Review and Approval (R and A) process. Once the factsheets had gone through the formal review and approval process, they could then be published both internally and externally based on their individual publication status. An extended requirement and feature of the site would be to provide a keyword search capability to search through the factsheets. Also, since the site currently resides on both the internal and external networks, it would need to be registered with the Sandia search engines in order to allow access to the content of the site by the search engines. To date, all of the above requirements and features have been created and implemented in the Factsheet web application. These have been accomplished by the use of flat text databases, which are discussed in greater detail later in this paper.

  3. Coke battery with 51-m{sup 3} furnace chambers and lateral supply of mixed gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.I. Rudyka; N.Y. Chebotarev; O.N. Surenskii; V.V. Derevich [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The basic approaches employed in the construction of coke battery 11A at OAO Magnitogorskii Metallurgicheskii Kombinat are outlined. This battery includes 51.0-m{sup 3} furnaces and a dust-free coke-supply system designed by Giprokoks with lateral gas supply; it is heated exclusively by low-calorific mixed gas consisting of blast-furnace gas with added coke-oven gas. The 82 furnaces in the coke battery are divided into two blocks of 41. The gross coke output of the battery (6% moisture content) is 1140000 t/yr.

  4. Imaging of lateral spin valves with soft x-ray microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosendz, O.; Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated Co/Cu lateral spin valves by means of high-resolution transmission soft x-ray microscopy with magnetic contrast that utilizes x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). No magnetic XMCD contrast was observed at the Cu L{sub 3} absorption edge, which should directly image the spin accumulation in Cu. Although electrical transport measurements in a non-local geometry clearly detected the spin accumulation in Cu, which remained unchanged during illumination with circular polarized x-rays at the Co and Cu L{sub 3} absorption edges.

  5. Imaging of lateral spin valves with soft x-ray microscopy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mosendz, O.; Mihajlovic, G.; Pearson, J. E.; Fischer, P.; Im, M.-Y.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A.; LBNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated Co/Cu lateral spin valves by means of high-resolution transmission soft x-ray microscopy with magnetic contrast that utilizes x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). No magnetic XMCD contrast was observed at the Cu L{sub 3} absorption edge, which should directly image the spin accumulation in Cu, although electrical transport measurements in a nonlocal geometry clearly detected the spin accumulation in Cu, which remained unchanged during illumination with circular polarized x rays at the Co and Cu L{sub 3} absorption edges.

  6. Characterization of spin pumping effect in Permalloy/Cu/Pt microfabricated lateral devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamamoto, Tatsuya, E-mail: tyamamoto@imr.tohoku.ac.jp; Seki, Takeshi; Takanashi, Koki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Ono, Shimpei [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We studied ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) for microfabricated lateral devices consisting of a Permalloy (Py) rectangular element and a Pt nano-element bridged by a Cu wire, which were located on a coplanar waveguide. A change in the resonance linewidth (?f) was observed in the FMR spectra when the distance between Py and Pt (d) was varied. For devices with d?

  7. Fundamental optical properties of InN grown by epitaxial lateral overgrowth method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kametani, Tatsuma; Kamimura, Jumpei; Inose, Yuta; Kunugita, Hideyuki; Kikuchi, Akihiko; Kishino, Katsumi; Ema, Kazuhiro [Department of Engineering and Applied Science, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

    2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical properties of InN grown by the epitaxial lateral overgrowth (ELO) method have been studied using photoluminescence (PL) and excitation-correlation (EC) measurements. The PL spectrum is analyzed by free-electron recombination band (FERB) model, which shows that the ELO sample has a very low background carrier concentration (n=5.5*10{sup 16}[cm{sup ?3]}). EC measurements show that the dependences of the band gap renormalization and Auger effect on the carrier concentrations are similar in spite of the different physical origins.

  8. Pre-synaptic Lateral Inhibition Provides a Better Architecture for Self-Organising Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unsupervised learning is an important property of the brain and of many artificial neural networks. A large variety of unsupervised learning algorithms have been proposed. This paper takes a different approach in considering the architecture of the neural network rather than the learning algorithm. It is shown that a self-organising neural network architecture using pre-synaptic lateral inhibition enables a single learning algorithm to find distributed, local, and topological representations as appropriate to the structure of the input data received. It is argued that such an architecture not only has computational advantages but is a better model of cortical self-organisation.

  9. Presentation of a modified design equation for sizing lateral spillway channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Payne, Frank Gerrard

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of NASTER OF SCIENCE August 1989 Major Subject: Civil Engineering PRESENTATION OF A MODIFIED DESIGN EQUATION FOR SIZING LATERAL SPILLWAY CHANNELS A Thesis by FRANK GERRARD PAYNE Approved as to style and content by: m D. nolds (Chair of C mittee... in Equation [4-1]. A device was constructed in the Texas A&N University Civil Engineering shop for measuring depth of flow in the clarifier launder. This device is illustrated in Figure 4-2 on the following page. The base of the device was placed...

  10. Field measurements of lateral earth pressures on a pre-cast panel retaining wall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prescott, David Monroe

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Civil Engineering FIELD MEASUREMENTS OF LATERAL EARTH PRESSURES ON A PRE-CAST PANEL RETAINING WALL A Thesis by DAVID MONROE PRESCOTT Approved as to sty1e and content by: Chai man o Co ttee~ ember ead of Departm... in Appendix I. (The style and format of this thesis follows that used by the Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, Procee ings, of t e American Society of Civil Engineers result of some large scale earth pressure tests at Massachusetts...

  11. Laterally self-ordered silicon-germanium islands with optimized confinement properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zabel, Thomas; Sircar, Narayan [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Hauke, Norman; Kaniber, Michael; Finley, Jonathan J. [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany)] [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Zweck, Josef; Bougeard, Dominique [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)] [Institut für Experimentelle und Angewandte Physik, Universität Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany); Döblinger, Markus [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany)] [Department of Chemistry, Ludwig Maximilian Universität München, D-81377 Munich (Germany); Abstreiter, Gerhard [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Walter Schottky Institut and Physik Department, Technische Universität München, Am Coulombwall 4, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Arakawa, Yasuhiko [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany) [Institute for Advanced Study, Technische Universität München, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Institute of Industrial Science, Institute for Nano Quantum Information Electronics, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan)

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analysis of the electronic confinement properties of self-assembled islands forming via silicon and germanium co-deposition in molecular beam epitaxy. This approach allows the fabrication of laterally self-ordered three dimensional islands in the Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. Using a systematic structural analysis, we derive a realistic fit-parameter free island model for band structure simulations. A comparison between these band structure simulations and photoluminescence spectroscopy shows that such islands have a significant three dimensional spatial electron-hole wave function overlap. In addition, we show that this spatial wave function overlap overcompensates a weak wave function spreading in k-space.

  12. Soil parameters required to simulate the dynamic lateral response of model piles in sand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, David Allen

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    ), Eq. (3) becomes invalid since it does not account for plastic behavior of the soil. A method of considering plastic soil behavior by modifying Eq. (3) is discussed in detail in a later section. The soil damping factor, J, has been investigated..., a distribution of kh with depth was obtained. It should be noted that each kh value, as evaluated in the above manner, is a soil property independent of the pile diameter but dependent on depth. This of course does not account for any...

  13. 240 Jobs Later: The Recovery Act's Impact at the Paducah Site |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartment of Energy 40 Jobs Later: The Recovery Act's Impact at the

  14. Breast radiotherapy in the lateral decubitus position: A technique to prevent lung and heart irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campana, Francois [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France)]. E-mail: francois.campana@curie.net; Kirova, Youlia M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Rosenwald, Jean-Claude [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Dendale, Remi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Vilcoq, Jacques R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Dreyfus, Helene [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France); Fourquet, Alain [Department of Radiation Oncology, Institute Curie, Paris (France)

    2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To present an original technique for breast radiotherapy, with the aim of limiting lung and heart irradiation, satisfying quality assurance criteria. Methods and Material: An original radiotherapy technique for breast irradiation has been developed at the Institute Curie in January 1996. It consists of isocentric breast irradiation in the lateral decubitus position (isocentric lateral decubitus [ILD]). This technique is indicated for voluminous or pendulous breasts needing breast irradiation only. Thin carbon fiber supports and special patient positioning devices have been developed especially for this technique. In vivo measurements were performed to check the dose distribution before the routine use of the technique. Results: ILD has been successfully implemented in routine practice, and 500 patients have been already treated. Breast radiotherapy is performed using a dose of 50 Gy at ICRU point in 25 fractions. ILD shows good homogeneity of the dose in breast treatment volume, treatment fields are perpendicular to the skin ensuring its protection, and extremely low dose is delivered to the underlying lung and heart. Conclusion: In cases of voluminous breasts or patients with a history of lung and heart disease, our technique provides several advantages over the conventional technique with opposing tangential fields. This technique improves the dose homogeneity according to the ICRU recommendations.

  15. Nanoair-bridged lateral overgrowth of GaN on ordered nanoporous GaN template

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Y.D.; Zang, K.Y.; Chua, S.J.; Tripathy, S.; Chen, P.; Fonstad, C.G. [Singapore-MIT Alliance, E4-04-10, 4 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore) and Centre for Optoelectronics, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, 2 Engineering Drive 3, Singapore 117576 (Singapore); Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602 (Singapore); Department of Electrical and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the growth of high-quality GaN epilayers on an ordered nanoporous GaN template by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The nanopores in GaN template were created by inductively coupled plasma etching using anodic aluminum oxide film as an etch mask. The average pore diameter and interpore distance is about 65 and 110 nm, respectively. Subsequent overgrowth of GaN first begins at the GaN crystallite surface between the pores, and then air-bridge-mediated lateral overgrowth leads to the formation of the continuous layer. Microphotoluminescence and micro-Raman measurements show improved optical properties and significant strain relaxation in the overgrown layer when compared to GaN layer of same thickness simultaneously grown on sapphire without any template. Similar to conventional epitaxial lateral overgrown GaN, such overgrown GaN on a nanopatterned surface would also serve as a template for the growth of ultraviolet-visible light-emitting III-nitride devices.

  16. Lateral Expansion of the Bridges of Cygnus A and other Powerful Radio Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greg F. Wellman; Ruth A. Daly

    1995-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the width of the radio bridge at several locations along the bridge for each of four powerful extended radio sources are presented. Adopting a few simple assumptions, these measurements may be used to predict the radio surface brightness as a function of position across the radio bridge. The predicted and observed surface brightnesses across the bridges are compared and found to agree fairly well. The results are consistent with a simple picture in which the radio power and size of the radio lobe at the forward edge of the radio bridge are roughly time-independent for a given source, and the expansion of the bridge in the lateral direction is adiabatic. There is no indication that reacceleration or energy transport is important in the bridges of these sources. The rate of lateral expansion of the bridge just behind the radio lobe and hotspot in terms of the rate of forward propagation is compared with that predicted, and found to be in good agreement with the predicted value.

  17. Resonant electromagnetic emission from intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks with laterally modulated Josephson critical current.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koshelev, A. E.; Bulaevskii, L. N.; Materials Science Division; LANL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intrinsic Josephson-junction stacks realized in mesas fabricated out of high-temperature superconductors may be used as sources of coherent electromagnetic radiation in the terahertz range. The major challenge is to synchronize Josephson oscillations in all junctions in the stack to get significant radiation out of the crystal edge parallel to the c axis. We suggest a simple way to solve this problem via artificially prepared lateral modulation of the Josephson critical current identical in all junctions. In such a stack, phase oscillations excite the in-phase Fiske mode when the Josephson frequency matches the Fiske-resonance frequency which is set by the stack lateral size. The powerful, almost standing electromagnetic wave is excited inside the crystal in the resonance. This wave is homogeneous across the layers, meaning that the oscillations are synchronized in all junctions in the stack. We evaluate behavior of the I-V characteristics and radiated power near the resonance for arbitrary modulation and find exact solutions for several special cases corresponding to symmetric and asymmetric modulations of the critical current.

  18. Comparison of three methods for control of postoperative pain in dogs after total ear canal ablation with lateral bulla osteotomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buback, Janice Lynelle

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This prospective study compared three methods of postoperative pain control in dogs undergoing total ear canal ablation with lateral bulla osteotomy. The hypothesis was that systemic opioids in conjunction with preoperative local nerve blocks would...

  19. Bull. Soc. gol. Fr., 2008, no The Rio Bravo fault, a major late Oligocene left-lateral shear zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husson, Laurent

    Upper Cretaceous sequence, are both tightly folded before 30 Ma. We think this folding is associated by gravimetric data and the offsets the Palaeocene-Eocene oil fields that are displaced left laterally. We

  20. Ocular dominance and patterned lateral connections in a self-organizing model of the primary visual cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neural network model for the self-organization of ocular dominance and lateral connections from binocular input is presented. The self-organizing process results in a network where (1) afferent weights of each neuron organize into smooth hill-shaped receptive fields primarily on one of the retinas, (2) neurons with common eye preference form connected, intertwined patches, and (3) lateral connections primarily link regions of the same eye preference. Similar self-organization of cortical structures has been observed experimentally in strabismic kittens. The model shows how patterned lateral connections in the cortex may develop based on correlated activity and explains why lateral connection patterns follow receptive field properties such as ocular dominance. 1

  1. Lateral Flow Capillary Concentration for Rapid Bacterial Identification Aaron V. Mull, Dr. Kent Voorhees, Dr. Christopher Cox

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lateral Flow Capillary Concentration for Rapid Bacterial Identification Aaron V. Mull, Dr. Kent 80401 Introduc)on Materials and Methods Abstract Future Work Acknowledgments Immunoassay Design and Spectra Results Eliminate false positives and false negatives

  2. Dormancy and spring burst of lateral buds on stems of low-pruned mulberry (Morus alba L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    decapitation, lateral shoot growth of mulberry coppice (Morus alba L.) from low-pruned stumps has an extremely (in early March). The dominant coppice shoots were allowed to grow from 1986 through 1987 and used

  3. Superharmonic nonlinear lateral vibrations of a segmented driveline incorporating a tuned damper excited by non-constant velocity joints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Browne, Michael

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A TUNED DAMPER EXCITED BY NON-CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINTS A Dissertation by MICHAEL SCOTT BROWNE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies... of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2009 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering SUPERHARMONIC NONLINEAR LATERAL VIBRATIONS OF A SEGMENTED DRIVELINE INCORPORATING A...

  4. LATERALLY PROPAGATING DETONATIONS IN THIN HELIUM LAYERS ON ACCRETING WHITE DWARFS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Townsley, Dean M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0324 (United States); Moore, Kevin; Bildsten, Lars, E-mail: Dean.M.Townsley@ua.edu [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9530 (United States)

    2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical work has shown that intermediate mass (0.01 M{sub Sun} < M{sub He} < 0.1 M{sub Sun }) helium shells will unstably ignite on the accreting white dwarf (WD) in an AM CVn binary. For more massive (M > 0.8 M{sub Sun }) WDs, these helium shells can be dense enough (>5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} g cm{sup -3}) that the convectively burning region runs away on a timescale comparable to the sound travel time across the shell, raising the possibility for an explosive outcome rather than an Eddington limited helium novae. The nature of the explosion (i.e., deflagration or detonation) remains ambiguous, is certainly density dependent, and likely breaks spherical symmetry. In the case of detonation, this causes a laterally propagating front whose properties in these geometrically thin and low-density shells we begin to study here. Our calculations show that the radial expansion time of <0.1 s leads to incomplete helium burning, in agreement with recent work by Sim and collaborators, but that the nuclear energy released is still adequate to realize a self-sustaining laterally propagating detonation. These detonations are slower than the Chapman-Jouguet speed of 1.5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm s{sup -1}, but still fast enough at 0.9 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 9} cm s{sup -1} to go around the star prior to the transit through the star of the inwardly propagating weak shock. Our simulations resolve the subsonic region behind the reaction front in the detonation wave. The two-dimensional nucleosynthesis is shown to be consistent with a truncated one-dimensional Zeldovich-von Neumann-Doering calculation at the slower detonation speed. The ashes from the lateral detonation are typically He rich, and consist of predominantly {sup 44}Ti, {sup 48}Cr, along with a small amount of {sup 52}Fe, with very little {sup 56}Ni and with significant {sup 40}Ca in carbon-enriched layers. If this helium detonation results in a Type Ia supernova, its spectral signatures would appear for the first few days after explosion.

  5. 2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT on SOI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    2D-simulation and analysis of lateral SiC N-emitter SiGe P-base Schottky metal-collector (NPM) HBT metal-collector NPM HBT on SOI. The proposed lateral NPM HBT performance has been evaluated in detail silicon NPM BJT structures. Based on our simu- lation results, it is observed that while both the lateral

  6. Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Ros; G. A. Medina-Tanco; C. De Donato; L. del Peral; D. Rodríguez-Frías; J. C. D'Olivo; J. F. Valdés-Galicia; F. Arqueros; .

    2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

  7. Lateral distribution and the energy determination of showers along the ankle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ros, G; De Donato, C; Del Peral, L; Rodríguez-Frías, D; D'Olivo, J C; Valdés-Galicia, J F; Arqueros, F

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The normalization constant of the lateral distribution function (LDF) of an extensive air shower is a monotonous (almost linear) increasing function of the energy of the primary. Therefore, the interpolated signal at some fixed distance from the core can be calibrated to estimate the energy of the shower. There is, somehow surprisingly, a reconstructed optimal distance, r_{opt}, at which the effects on the inferred signal, S(r_{opt}), of the uncertainties on true core location, LDF functional form and shower-to-shower fluctuations are minimized. We calculate the value of r_{opt} as a function of surface detector separation, energy and zenith angle and we demonstrate the advantage of using the r_{opt} value of each individual shower instead of a same fixed distance for every shower, specially in dealing with events with saturated stations. The effects on the determined spectrum are also shown.

  8. Lateral diffusion of receptor-ligand bonds in membrane adhesion zones: Effect of thermal membrane roughness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Krobath; G. J. Schuetz; R. Lipowsky; T. R. Weikl

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The adhesion of cells is mediated by membrane receptors that bind to complementary ligands in apposing cell membranes. It is generally assumed that the lateral diffusion of mobile receptor-ligand bonds in membrane-membrane adhesion zones is slower than the diffusion of unbound receptors and ligands. We find that this slowing down is not only caused by the larger size of the bound receptor-ligand complexes, but also by thermal fluctuations of the membrane shape. We model two adhering membranes as elastic sheets pinned together by receptor-ligand bonds and study the diffusion of the bonds using Monte Carlo simulations. In our model, the fluctuations reduce the bond diffusion constant in planar membranes by a factor close to 2 in the biologically relevant regime of small bond concentrations.

  9. Thermal engineering of non-local resistance in lateral spin valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasai, S., E-mail: KASAI.Shinya@nims.go.jp; Takahashi, Y. K. [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan); Hirayama, S.; Mitani, S.; Hono, K. [National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba 305-0047 (Japan); Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-0006 (Japan); Adachi, H.; Ieda, J.; Maekawa, S. [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai 319-1195 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Sanbancho, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the non-local spin transport in Permalloy/Cu lateral spin valves (LSVs) fabricated on thermally oxidized Si and MgO substrates. While these LSVs show the same magnitude of spin signals, significant substrate dependence of the baseline resistance was observed. The baseline resistance shows much weaker dependence on the inter-electrode distance than that of the spin transport observed in the Cu wires. A simple analysis of voltage-current characteristics in the baseline resistance indicates the observed result can be explained by a combination of the Peltier and Seebeck effects at the injector and detector junctions, suggesting the usage of high thermal conductivity substrate (or under-layer) is effective to reduce the baseline resistance.

  10. Feasibility of lateral emplacement in very deep borehole disposal of high level nuclear waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbs, Jonathan Sutton

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy recently filed a motion to withdraw the Nuclear Regulatory Commission license application for the High Level Waste Repository at Yucca Mountain in Nevada. As the U.S. has focused exclusively ...

  11. A Unified Neural Network Model for the Self-organization of Topographic Receptive Fields and Lateral Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A self-organizing neural network model for the simultaneous development of topographic receptive fields and lateral interactions in cortical maps is presented. Both afferent and lateral connections adapt by the same Hebbian mechanism in a purely local and unsupervised learning process. Afferent input weights of each neuron self-organize into hill-shaped profiles, receptive fields organize topographically across the network, and unique lateral interaction profiles develop for each neuron. The resulting self-organized structure remains in a dynamic and continuously-adapting equilibrium with the input. The model can be seen as a generalization of previous self-organizing models of the visual cortex, and provides a general computational framework for experiments on receptive field development and cortical plasticity. The model also serves to point out general limits on activity-dependent self-organization: when multiple inputs are presented simultaneously, the receptive field centers need ...

  12. Self-Organization and Functional Role of Lateral Connections and Multisize Receptive Fields in the Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cells in the visual cortex are selective not only to ocular dominance and orientation of the input, but also to its size and spatial frequency. The simulations reported in this paper show how size selectivity could develop through Hebbian self-organization, and how receptive fields of different sizes could organize into columns like those for orientation and ocular dominance. The lateral connections in the network self-organize cooperatively and simultaneously with the receptive field sizes, and produce patterns of lateral connectivity that closely follow the receptive field organization. Together with our previous work on ocular dominance and orientation selectivity, these results suggest that a single Hebbian self-organizing process can give rise to all the major receptive field properties in the visual cortex, and also to structured patterns of lateral interactions, some of which have been verified experimentally and others predicted by the model. The model also suggests a functiona...

  13. Investigation of the spontaneous lateral modulation in short-period superlattices by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moss, Simon C. (University of Houston, Houston, TX); Holy, Vaclav (Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic); Reno, John Louis; Krause, B. (ESRF, Grenoble, France); Norman, Andrew G. (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO); Mikulik, P. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Caha, O. (Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic); Mascarenhas, Angelo (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO)

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The process of spontaneous lateral composition modulation in short-period InAs/AlAs superlattices has been investigated by grazing-incidence x-ray diffraction. We have developed a theoretical description of x-ray scattering from laterally modulated structures that makes it possible to determine the lateral composition modulation directly without assuming any structure model. From experimental intensity distributions in reciprocal space we have determined the amplitudes of the modulation and its degree of periodicity and their dependence on the number of superlattice periods. From the data it follows that the modulation process cannot be explained by bunching of monolayer steps and most likely, it is caused by stress-driven morphological instabilities of the growing surface.

  14. Monte Carlo and Analytical Calculation of Lateral Deflection of Proton Beams in Homogeneous Targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pazianotto, Mauricio T.; Inocente, Guilherme F.; Silva, Danilo Anacleto A. d; Hormaza, Joel M. [Departamento de Fisica e Biofisica-Instituto de Biociencias, Universidade Estadual Paulista 'Julio de Mesquita Filho'-Botucatu-SP, Brasil and Distrito de Rubiao Junior s/no 18608-000 Botucatu, SP (Brazil)

    2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Proton radiation therapy is a precise form of radiation therapy, but the avoidance of damage to critical normal tissues and the prevention of geographical tumor misses require accurate knowledge of the dose delivered to the patient and the verification of his position demand a precise imaging technique. In proton therapy facilities, the X-ray Computed Tomography (xCT) is the preferred technique for the planning treatment of patients. This situation has been changing nowadays with the development of proton accelerators for health care and the increase in the number of treated patients. In fact, protons could be more efficient than xCT for this task. One essential difficulty in pCT image reconstruction systems came from the scattering of the protons inside the target due to the numerous small-angle deflections by nuclear Coulomb fields. The purpose of this study is the comparison of an analytical formulation for the determination of beam lateral deflection, based on Moliere's theory and Rutherford scattering with Monte Carlo calculations by SRIM 2008 and MCNPX codes.

  15. Electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement for particle separation in microfluidic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivas Hanasoge; Raghavendra Devendra; Javier F. Diez; German Drazer

    2014-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    An electrokinetically-driven deterministic lateral displacement (e-DLD) device is proposed for the continuous, two-dimensional fractionation of suspensions in microfluidic platforms. The suspended species are driven through an array of regularly spaced cylindrical posts by applying an electric field across the device. We explore the entire range of orientations of the driving field with respect to the array of obstacles and show that, at specific forcing-angles, particles of different size migrate in different directions, thus enabling continuous, two-dimensional separation. We discuss a number of features observed in the kinetics of the particles, including directional locking and sharp transitions between migration angles upon variations in the direction of the force, that are advantageous for high-resolution two-dimensional separation. A simple model based on individual particle-obstacle interactions accurately describes the migration angle of the particles depending on the orientation of the driving field, and can be used to re-configure driving field depending on the composition of the samples.

  16. Lateral Self-Aligned p-Type In2O3 Nanowire Arrays Epitaxially Grown on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    and carried by the carrier gas and then condensed on the substrates. The source and samples were heated to 800 nanowire (NW) and nanorod (NR) arrays has been achieved by a vapor transport and condensation method. It is an important material that has applications in optoelec- tronic devices and sensors for gas and biological

  17. A&A manuscript no. (will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boccacci, Patrizia

    to that in Computed Tomography (CT) so that it is interesting to investigate the applicability to LBT of image on Computed Tomography (CT) where it is demon- strated that it provides reliable restorations both in PET, based on ordered sub- sets of projection data and called OS-EM method, has been proposed by Hudson

  18. A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral fluidland boundary scheme for the shallow water equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketefian, Gerard

    A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral fluid­land boundary scheme conditions Conservation Energy Vorticity Potential enstrophy a b s t r a c t A numerical scheme for treating. Introduction The use of energy, enstrophy, and/or potential enstrophy conserving numerical schemes

  19. A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral boundary scheme for the shallow water equations using piecewise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ketefian, Gerard

    A mass, energy, vorticity, and potential enstrophy conserving lateral boundary scheme water equations Conservation Energy Potential enstrophy Accuracy a b s t r a c t A numerical scheme profiles with piecewise linear segments (shaved cells) while conserving the domain-summed mass, energy

  20. Accuracy of first-principles lateral interactions: Oxygen at Pd(100) Yongsheng Zhang, Volker Blum, and Karsten Reuter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a first-principles lattice-gas Hamiltonian LGH approach to determine the lateral interactions between O the finite LGH expansion and from the approximate exchange-correlation xc functional underlying the em assumption that the ordering energies can be represented by a sum of pair terms. Restricting our LGH

  1. Normal and lateral Casimir interactions between semi-infinite conductors in the presence of a dispersive medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soltani, Morteza; Sarabadani, Jalal; Kheirandish, Fardin; Rabbani, Hasan [Department of Physics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Shahrkurd, Shahrkurd 88186 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Path-integral formalism is employed to study normal and lateral Casimir interactions in a system composed of a dispersive medium surrounded by two semi-infinite ideal conductors. The dispersive medium is modeled by a continuum of harmonic oscillators, and it is shown that for smooth conductors, the normal force at small distances in the presence of a dispersive medium coincides with the original Casimir force, while at large distances, it tends to the original form with a renormalized coefficient. The correction to the normal force because of the roughness on one of the conductors is calculated. When the inner surfaces of both conductors have roughness, the lateral Casimir interaction occurs because of translational symmetry breaking, which is studied. It is shown that both normal and lateral Casimir forces in the presence of a dispersive medium are weaker in comparison with the original one and are proportional to the roughness amplitude squared. The dependence of the normal and lateral interactions on the memory and strength of the dispersive medium is considered.

  2. Functional Analysis of Genes Implicated in Down Syndrome: 2. Laterality and Corpus Callosum Size in Mice Transpolygenic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Desmond J.

    Functional Analysis of Genes Implicated in Down Syndrome: 2. Laterality and Corpus Callosum Size in Mice Transpolygenic for Down Syndrome Chromosomal Region )1 (DCR-1) Pierre L. Roubertoux,1,3,7 Zoe in Down syndrome (DS). We investigated common genetic correlates of these components of the syndrome

  3. (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) A regularization approach for the analysis of RHESSI X-ray

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piana, Michele

    and acceptance should be inserted later Abstract. The Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI for the bremsstrahlung cross-section. Key words. solar flares ­ X-rays ­ inverse problems ­ regularization 1. Introduction RHESSI (Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopy Imager) is an imaging spectroscope providing two

  4. Patient-specific hemodynamic performance of Fontan conversion templates: Lateral tunnel vs. intra-atrial with fenestration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pekkan, Kerem

    . Results: Power loss inside the lateral tunnel Fontan appeared significantly higher than the intra-averaged power loss for both Fontan connections. Flow-structures within the intra-atrial conduit were notability connections: LT-to-IAC Fontan conversion resulted better hemodynamics with less power loss, pressure gradient

  5. [49] INTERSUBUNIT MEASUREMENTS BY NEUTRON SCATTERING 629 ribosomal 30 S subparticle in its lateral view. The amount of the particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    [49] INTERSUBUNIT MEASUREMENTS BY NEUTRON SCATTERING 629 ribosomal 30 S subparticle in its lateral Neutron Scattering By PETER B. MOOREand DONALDM. ENGELMAN Several years ago we suggested that neutron.28 " The scattering lengths are taken from G. E. Bacon, "Neutron Scattering." Oxford Univ. Press (Clarendon

  6. 1070 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES, VOL. 49, NO. 6, JUNE 2002 A New Lateral PNM Schottky Collector Bipolar Transistor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    Collector Bipolar Transistor (SCBT) on SOI for Nonsaturating VLSI Logic Design M. Jagadesh Kumar and D. The collector-base junction of the proposed lateral PNM transistor consists of a Schottky junction between n PNM, numerical simulation, Schottky collector, silicon-on-insulator (SOI). I. INTRODUCTION Because

  7. Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Demonology in Ancient Egypt History and Developments during the Later Phases of Pharaonic History and the Greco-Roman Period. Rita Lucarelli In this paper the meaning and function of demons in ancient Egypt have been outlined and a few central issues concerning demonology of Pharaonic and Greco-Roman Egypt

  8. PLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Algebra MATH 203 3 ____ D. Probability for Engineers STAT 346 3 ____ E. Engineering Statistics STAT 354 3. Natural Science elective CHEM 251 or CHEM 211 4 ____ IV. ENGINEERING SCIENCE (2 credits) A. EngineeringPLAN OF STUDY FOR B.S. IN SYSTEMS ENGINEERING For students entering Spring 2008 or later Name

  9. E. Guilyardi G. Madec L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guilyardi, Eric

    inertia and to its opacity, the ocean stores vast amounts of energy, away from a direct contactE. Guilyardi á G. Madec á L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance of a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM Received: 24 January 2000 / Accepted: 11 September 2000 Abstract

  10. Developmental dierences in susceptibility to neomycin-induced hair cell death in the lateral line neuromasts of zebrash (Danio rerio)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubel, Edwin

    Developmental di¡erences in susceptibility to neomycin-induced hair cell death in the lateral line Received 25 June 2003; accepted 11 August 2003 Abstract Mechanosensory hair cells of the inner ear and mammalian development, there is a period of relative insensitivity to aminoglycoside-induced hair cell death

  11. Tri-Lateral Noor al Salaam High Concentration Solar Central Receiver Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blackmon, James B

    2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the efforts conducted primarily under the Noor al Salaam (“Light of Peace”) program under DOE GRANT NUMBER DE-FC36-02GO12030, together with relevant technical results from a closely related technology development effort, the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Foundation (USISTF) High Concentration Solar Central Receiver program. These efforts involved preliminary design, development, and test of selected prototype power production subsystems and documentation of an initial version of the system definition for a high concentration solar hybrid/gas electrical power plant to be built in Zaafarana, Egypt as a first step in planned commercialization. A major part of the planned work was halted in 2007 with an amendment in October 2007 requiring that we complete the technical effort by December 31, 2007 and provide a final report to DOE within the following 90 days. This document summarizes the work conducted. The USISTF program was a 50/50 cost-shared program supported by the Department of Commerce through the U.S./Israel Science and Technology Commission (USISTC). The USISTC was cooperatively developed by President Clinton and the late Prime Minister Rabin of Israel "to encourage technological collaboration" and "support peace in the Middle East through economic development". The program was conducted as a follow-on effort to Israel's Magnet/CONSOLAR Program, which was an advanced development effort to design, fabricate, and test a solar central receiver and secondary optics for a "beam down" central receiver concept. The status of these hardware development programs is reviewed, since they form the basis for the Noor al Salaam program. Descriptions are provided of the integrated system and the major subsystems, including the heliostat, the high temperature air receiver, the power conversion unit, tower and tower reflector, compound parabolic concentrator, and the master control system. One objective of the USISTF program was to conduct marketing research, identify opportunities for use of this technology, and to the extent possible, secure an agreement leading to a pre-commercialization demonstration or prototype plant. This was accomplished with the agreement to conduct the Noor al Salaam program as a tri-lateral project between Egypt, Israel, and the U.S. The tri-lateral project was led by the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH); this included the Egyptian New and Renewable Energy Authority and the Israeli USISTC participants. This project, known was Noor al Salaam, was funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) through the Department of Energy (DOE). The Egyptian activity was under the auspices of the Egyptian Ministry of Energy and Electricity, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) as part of Egypt's plans for renewable energy development. The objective of the Noor al Salaam project was to develop the conditions necessary to obtain funding and construct and operate an approximately 10 to 20 Megawatt hybrid solar/natural gas demonstration power plant in Zaafarana, Egypt that could serve both as a test bed for advanced solar technology evaluations, and as a forerunner to commercial plant designs. This plant, termed Noor Al Salaam, or “Light of Peace”, reached the initial phase of system definition before being curtailed, in part by changes in USAID objectives, coupled with various delays that were beyond the scope of the program to resolve. The background of the USISTF technology development and pre-commercialization effort is provided in this report, together with documentation of the technology developments conducted under the Noor al Salaam program. It should be noted that only a relatively small part of the Noor al Salaam funding was expended over the approximately five years for which UAH was prime contractor before the program was ordered closed (Reference 1) so that the remaining funds could be returned to USAID.

  12. Application Acceleration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmesApplication Acceleration on Current and Future Cray

  13. A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohseni, Kamran

    A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing This article has been downloaded from.1088/1748-3182/7/3/036016 A model of the lateral line of fish for vortex sensing Zheng Ren1 and Kamran Mohseni1,2,3,4 1 Department.iop.org/BB/7/036016 Abstract In this paper, the lateral line trunk canal (LLTC) of a fish is modeled

  14. The immediate effects of manual therapy on dorsiflexion and joint position sense at the talocrural joint in participants with a history of lateral ankle sprain.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alanson, Nathan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The purpose of this literature review is to explore the literature pertaining to normal ankle function, ankle dysfunction and lateral ankle sprains to provide a… (more)

  15. Measurements of lateral penumbra for uniform scanning proton beams under various beam delivery conditions and comparison to the XiO treatment planning system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rana, Suresh; Zeidan, Omar; Ramirez, Eric; Rains, Michael; Gao, Junfang; Zheng, Yuanshui [Department of Medical Physics, ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The main purposes of this study were to (1) investigate the dependency of lateral penumbra (80%–20% distance) of uniform scanning proton beams on various factors such as air gap, proton range, modulation width, compensator thickness, and depth, and (2) compare the lateral penumbra calculated by a treatment planning system (TPS) with measurements.Methods: First, lateral penumbra was measured using solid–water phantom and radiographic films for (a) air gap, ranged from 0 to 35 cm, (b) proton range, ranged from 8 to 30 cm, (c) modulation, ranged from 2 to 10 cm, (d) compensator thickness, ranged from 0 to 20 cm, and (e) depth, ranged from 7 to 15 cm. Second, dose calculations were computed in a virtual water phantom using the XiO TPS with pencil beam algorithm for identical beam conditions and geometrical configurations that were used for the measurements. The calculated lateral penumbra was then compared with the measured one for both the horizontal and vertical scanning magnets of our uniform scanning proton beam delivery system.Results: The results in the current study showed that the lateral penumbra of horizontal scanning magnet was larger (up to 1.4 mm for measurement and up to 1.0 mm for TPS) compared to that of vertical scanning magnet. Both the TPS and measurements showed an almost linear increase in lateral penumbra with increasing air gap as it produced the greatest effect on lateral penumbra. Lateral penumbra was dependent on the depth and proton range. Specifically, the width of lateral penumbra was found to be always lower at shallower depth than at deeper depth within the spread out Bragg peak (SOBP) region. The lateral penumbra results were less sensitive to the variation in the thickness of compensator, whereas lateral penumbra was independent of modulation. Overall, the comparison between the results of TPS with that of measurements indicates a good agreement for lateral penumbra, with TPS predicting higher values compared to measurements.Conclusions: Lateral penumbra of uniform scanning proton beams depends on air gap, proton range, compensator thickness, and depth, whereas lateral penumbra is not dependent on modulation. The XiO TPS typically overpredicted lateral penumbra compared to measurements, within 1 mm for most cases, but the difference could be up to 2.5 mm at a deep depth and large air gap.

  16. Tunable exchange bias-like effect in patterned hard-soft two-dimensional lateral composites with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hierro-Rodriguez, A., E-mail: ahierro@fc.up.pt; Alvarez-Prado, L. M.; Martín, J. I.; Alameda, J. M. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, C/Calvo Sotelo S/N, 33007 Oviedo (Spain); Centro de Investigación en Nanomateriales y Nanotecnología—CINN (CSIC—Universidad de Oviedo—Principado de Asturias), Parque Tecnológico de Asturias, 33428 Llanera (Spain); Teixeira, J. M. [IN-IFIMUP, Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Vélez, M. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Oviedo, C/Calvo Sotelo S/N, 33007 Oviedo (Spain)

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Patterned hard-soft 2D magnetic lateral composites have been fabricated by e-beam lithography plus dry etching techniques on sputter-deposited NdCo{sub 5} thin films with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Their magnetic behavior is strongly thickness dependent due to the interplay between out-of-plane anisotropy and magnetostatic energy. Thus, the spatial modulation of thicknesses leads to an exchange coupled system with hard/soft magnetic regions in which rotatable anisotropy of the thicker elements provides an extra tool to design the global magnetic behavior of the patterned lateral composite. Kerr microscopy studies (domain imaging and magneto-optical Kerr effect magnetometry) reveal that the resulting hysteresis loops exhibit a tunable exchange bias-like shift that can be switched on/off by the applied magnetic field.

  17. Magnetic field enhancement of non-local spin signal in Ni{<_80}Fe{<_20}/Ag lateral spin valves.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihajlovic, G.; Erlingsson, S. I.; Vyborny, K.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Hoffmann, A. (Center for Nanoscale Materials); ( MSD); (Hitachi Global Storage Tech.); (Reykjavik Univ.); (Acad. Sci. Czech Republic)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We observe a magnetic-field-induced enhancement of the nonlocal spin signal in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves. The enhancement depends on the bias current polarity but not on the field direction. We present a theoretical model that explains our experimental results, taking into account the electron-spin relaxation of magnetic impurities. We find that the relaxation is about an order of magnitude weaker than Elliott-Yafet relaxation.

  18. Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten masks: A method to map the free-carrier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    Micro-Raman and cathodoluminescence studies of epitaxial laterally overgrown GaN with tungsten properties of two epitaxial-laterally overgrown GaN structures with tungsten masks in 1100 and 1120 direction by tungsten masks3 to prevent the in-diffusion of silicon and oxygen atoms in the overgrown GaN, which

  19. Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C, Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, Eric; Fipps, Guy

    TR-336 2008 Ponding Test Results Seepage Losses Laterals 8E and 2A-C Maverick County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1 By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological and Agricultural... Engineering Guy Fipps, Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineer, Biological and Agricultural Engineering Texas Water Resources Institute Technical Report November 2008 PONDING TEST RESULTS SEEPAGE LOSSES LATERALS 8E AND 2A...

  20. Le modle LATER Le modle LATER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madelain, Laurent

    . Décision 3. Réponse motrice En théorie, chacune de ces étapes peut produire de la variabilité. Le modèle motrice varie très peu : Le délai entre la stimulation de moto-neurones et la réponse est relativement

  1. Thin layer chromatography residue applicator sampler

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nunes, Peter J. (Danville, CA); Kelly, Fredrick R. (Modesto, CA); Haas, Jeffrey S. (San Ramon, CA); Andresen, Brian D. (Livermore, CA)

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A thin layer chromatograph residue applicator sampler. The residue applicator sampler provides for rapid analysis of samples containing high explosives, chemical warfare, and other analyses of interest under field conditions. This satisfied the need for a field-deployable, small, hand-held, all-in-one device for efficient sampling, sample dissolution, and sample application to an analytical technique. The residue applicator sampler includes a sampling sponge that is resistant to most chemicals and is fastened via a plastic handle in a hermetically sealed tube containing a known amount of solvent. Upon use, the wetted sponge is removed from the sealed tube and used as a swiping device across an environmental sample. The sponge is then replaced in the hermetically sealed tube where the sample remains contained and dissolved in the solvent. A small pipette tip is removably contained in the hermetically sealed tube. The sponge is removed and placed into the pipette tip where a squeezing-out of the dissolved sample from the sponge into the pipette tip results in a droplet captured in a vial for later instrumental analysis, or applied directly to a thin layer chromatography plate for immediate analysis.

  2. IB Peer Advisor Application Dear Applicant,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    IB Peer Advisor Application 2014-2015 Dear Applicant, Thank you for your interest in being an IB Peer Advisor for the 2014-15 academic year. These positions provide valuable opportunities for students all of the components of the peer advisor position before applying, · a one page application form

  3. One Decade Later: Trends and Disparities in the Application of Post-Mastectomy Radiotherapy Since the Release of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guidelines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dragun, Anthony E., E-mail: aedrag01@louisville.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY (United States); Huang, Bin [Kentucky Cancer Registry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States) [Kentucky Cancer Registry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Divison of Cancer Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Gupta, Saurabh; Crew, John B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY (United States); Tucker, Thomas C. [Kentucky Cancer Registry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)] [Kentucky Cancer Registry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: In 2001 ASCO published practice guidelines for post mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT). We analyzed factors that influence the receipt of radiotherapy therapy and trends over time. Methods and Materials: We analyzed 8889 women who underwent mastectomy as primary surgical treatment for stage II or III breast cancer between 1995 and 2008 using data from the Kentucky Cancer Registry. We categorized patients according to ASCO group: group 1, PMRT not routinely recommended (T2, N0); group 2, PMRT controversial/evidence insufficient (T1-2, N1); group 3, PMRT recommended or suggested (T3-4 or N2-3). Probability of receiving PMRT was assessed using logistic regression. Results: Overall, 24.0% of women received PMRT over the study period. The rates of PMRT for group 1, 2, and 3 were 7.5%, 19.5%, and 47.3%, respectively. Since 2001, there was an increase in the use of PMRT (from 21.1%-26.5%, P<.0001), which occurred mainly among group 3 members (from 40.8%-51.2%, P<.0001). The average rate remained constant in group 1 (from 7.1%-7.4%, P=.266) and decreased in group 2 (from 20.0%-18.1%, P<.0001). On multivariate analysis, the rate of PMRT was significantly lower for women aged >70 years (vs. younger), rural Appalachia (vs. non-Appalachia) populations, and Medicaid (vs. privately insured) patients. Conclusions: ASCO guidelines have influenced practice in an underserved state; however PMRT remains underused, even for highest-risk patients. Barriers exist for elderly, rural and poor patients, which independently predict for lack of adequate care. Updated guidelines are needed to clarify the use of PMRT for patients with T1-2, N1 disease.

  4. Application Process and Eligibility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Program Application Process and Eligibility Application Process and Eligibility Both US and non-US citizens are eligible to apply, but US citizenship may be required for some...

  5. SAGE Application Process

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Application Process SAGE Application Process A National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates program Contacts Institute Director Harald Dogliani-Los Alamos...

  6. High-power, low-lateral divergence broad area quantum cascade lasers with a tilted front facet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahn, Sangil, E-mail: sangil.ahn@tuwien.ac.at; Schwarzer, Clemens; Zederbauer, Tobias; MacFarland, Donald C.; Detz, Hermann; Andrews, Aaron M.; Schrenk, Werner; Strasser, Gottfried [Institute for Solid State Electronics, Vienna University of Technology, 1040 Vienna (Austria)

    2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a simple technique to improve the beam quality of broad area quantum cascade lasers. Moderately tilted front facets of the laser provide suppression of higher order lateral waveguide modes. A device with a width of 60??m and a front facet angle of 17° shows a nearly diffraction limited beam profile. In addition, the peak output power and the slope efficiency of the device are increased since most of the light inside the cavity is emitted through the tilted front facet by an asymmetric light intensity distribution along the cavity.

  7. 1.9 kV AlGaN/GaN Lateral Schottky Barrier Diodes on Silicon

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhu, Mingda [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Song, Bo [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Qi, Meng [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Hu, Zongyang [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Nomoto, Kazuki [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Yan, Xiaodong [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Cao, Yu [IQE/HRL Labs; Johnson, Wayne [IQE, Westborough, MA (United States); Kohn, Erhard [University of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Jena, Debdeep [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States); Xing, Grace Huili [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States)

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this letter, we present AlGaN/GaN lateral Schottky barrier diodes on silicon with recessed anodes and dual field plates. A low specific on-resistance RON,SP (5.12 m?{center_dot}cm2), a low turn-on voltage (1.9 kV), were simultaneously achieved in devices with a 25 ?m anode/cathode separation, resulting in a power figure-of-merit (FOM) BV2/RON,SP of 727 MW{center_dot}cm2. The record high breakdown voltage of 1.9 kV is attributed to the dual field plate structure.

  8. Polarity driven simultaneous growth of free-standing and lateral GaAsP epitaxial nanowires on GaAs (001) substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Wen; Xu, Hongyi [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia)] [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Guo, Yanan [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia) [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Gao, Qiang; Hoe Tan, Hark; Jagadish, Chennupati [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)] [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Research School of Physics and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Zou, Jin, E-mail: j.zou@uq.edu.au [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia) [Materials Engineering, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 40732 (Australia); Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, The University of Queensland, St Lucia QLD 4072 (Australia)

    2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Simultaneous growth of ?111?{sub B} free-standing and ±[110] lateral GaAsP epitaxial nanowires on GaAs (001) substrates were observed and investigated by electron microscopy and crystallographic analysis. It was found that the growth of both free-standing and lateral ternary nanowires via Au catalysts was driven by the fact that Au catalysts prefer to maintain low-energy (111){sub B} interfaces with surrounding GaAs(P) materials: in the case of free-standing nanowires, Au catalysts maintain (111){sub B} interfaces with their underlying GaAsP nanowires; while in the case of lateral nanowires, each Au catalyst remain their side (111){sub B} interfaces with the surrounding GaAs(P) material during the lateral nanowire growth.

  9. Polarity characterization by anomalous x-ray dispersion of ZnO films and GaN lateral polar structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shelton, Christopher T.; Sachet, Edward; Paisley, Elizabeth A.; Hoffmann, Marc P.; Rajan, Joseph; Collazo, Ramón; Sitar, Zlatko; Maria, Jon-Paul [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

    2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate the use of anomalous x-ray scattering of constituent cations at their absorption edge, in a conventional Bragg-Brentano diffractometer, to measure absolutely and quantitatively the polar orientation and polarity fraction of unipolar and mixed polar wurtzitic crystals. In one set of experiments, the gradual transition between c+ and c? polarity of epitaxial ZnO films on sapphire as a function of MgO buffer layer thickness is monitored quantitatively, while in a second experiment, we map the polarity of a lateral polar homojunction in GaN. The dispersion measurements are compared with piezoforce microscopy images, and we demonstrate how x-ray dispersion and scanning probe methods can provide complementary information that can discriminate between polarity fractions at a material surface and polarity fractions averaged over the film bulk.

  10. Lateral migration of living cells in inertial microfluidic systems explored by fully three-dimensional numerical simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hongzhi Lan; Soojung Claire Hur; Dino Di Carlo; Damir B. Khismatullin

    2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of cell size and deformability on the lateral migration and deformation of living cells flowing through a rectangular microchannel has been numerically investigated and compared with the inertial-microfluidics data on detection and separation of cells. The results of this work indicate that the cells move closer to the centerline if they are bigger and/or more deformable and that their equilibrium position is largely determined by the solvent (cytosol) viscosity, which is much less than the polymer (cytoskeleton) viscosity measured in most rheological systems. Simulations also suggest that decreasing channel dimensions leads to larger differences in equilibrium position for particles of different viscoelastic properties, giving design guidance for the next generation of microfluidic cell separation chips.

  11. APPLICATION CONSTRUCTION LEADERSHIP COURSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    APPLICATION CONSTRUCTION LEADERSHIP COURSE RECOMMENDATION FORM CON464 Construction Leadership: __________________________ To be considered for the Construction Leadership course submit the following: Application with description in the construction industry 5) If your GPA

  12. Applications (Grid Tools)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Grid Fabric Software Grid Applications Core Grid Middleware User-Level Middleware (Grid Tools) !"# $ %& ' ( ) * #& + '& ' , - . / # ) ) 0 # * 1 PDB CDB Grid Fabric Hardware &+ '' + ) , '1 '1 ' % - * # ( Grid Fabric Software Grid Applications Core Grid Middleware User-Level Middleware (Grid Tools) !"# $ %& ' ( ) * #& + '& ' , - . / # ) ) 0

  13. PEER ADVISING APPLICATION PACKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    resume and the following application to 203 Peterson by Noon on Friday, October 10, 2014. Name: Student us about yourself? Applications and Resume Due: October 10, 2014 by Noon. Return completed Application & Resume to: Undergraduate Advising Office, 203 Peterson Hall #12;

  14. Application of binary parameters to the ternary cyclohexane/polybutadiene/benzene system using open tubular columns in gas chromatography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsotsis, Thomas Karl

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sanchez-Lacombe Lattice Fluid Model PERTURBATION CHROMATOGRAPHY 10 13 17 Application and Theory Open Tubular Column Comparison with Static Methods 17 19 19 vu TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) Page EXPERIMENTAL METHODS Static Measurement.../solvent behavior. Later workers made modifications to Flory's theory and, in the late 1970's, Sanchez and Lacombe'" ' developed a. La& tie&i Flu ?I &nodcl & o pr&dict poly&ner & s&ilvcni behavior. A more detailed discussion of' these ih&ori&s is presented later...

  15. Lateral flow devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mazumdar, Debapriya (Urbana, IL); Liu, Juewen (Urbana, IL); Lu, Yi (Champaign, IL)

    2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An analytical test for an analyte comprises (a) a base, having a reaction area and a visualization area, (b) a capture species, on the base in the visualization area, comprising nucleic acid, and (c) analysis chemistry reagents, on the base in the reaction area. The analysis chemistry reagents comprise (i) a substrate comprising nucleic acid and a first label, and (ii) a reactor comprising nucleic acid. The analysis chemistry reagents can react with a sample comprising the analyte and water, to produce a visualization species comprising nucleic acid and the first label, and the capture species can bind the visualization species.

  16. Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Sinderen, Marten

    Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

  17. ERIP application instructions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watt, D.M.

    1992-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides background information and instructions to assist applicants in writing Energy-Related Inventions Program (ERIP) applications. Initial feedback fro usage for the new instructions shows that the best instructions would not be read and followed by all applicants. Applications from more than thirty applicants who have received the new instructions indicated that few had read the instructions. Based on this feedback, the instructions have been further revised to include a title page and table of contents. A warning was also added to advise applicants of the potential penalty of delayed review if these instructions are not followed. This revision was intended to address the possibility that some applicants did not see or bother to follow the instructions which followed the background information about ERIP. Included are two examples of ERIP applications which have been prepared for handout at workshops or mailing to applicants. Writing of example applications was time consuming and more difficult than expected for several reasons: (1) Full disclosures can be lengthy, very detailed, and technical. This contrasts with the desire to prepare examples which are comparatively short and easy for the non-technical person to read. (2) Disclosures contain confidential information which should not be published. (3) It is difficult to imagine that applicants will study examples when they do not bother to read the basic instructions.

  18. Enhanced spin signals due to native oxide formation in Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mihajlovic, G.; Schreiber, D. K.; Liu, Y.; Pearson, J. E.; Bader, S. D.; Petford-Long, A. K.; Hoffmann, A.; Northwestern Univ.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large nonlocal spin valve signals are reported in mesoscopic Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag lateral spin valves upon exposing them to air. Magnetotransport measurements combined with transmission electron microscopy show that the formation of a native oxide layer at the Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}/Ag interface is responsible for the large signals. The results indicate that lateral spin valves with superior performance to those based on high-resistance tunnel barriers can be achieved via controllable growth of native permalloy oxides.

  19. New Markov Model Approaches to Deciphering Microbial Genome Function and Evolution: Comparative Genomics of Laterally Transferred Genes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borodovsky, M.

    2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Algorithmic methods for gene prediction have been developed and successfully applied to many different prokaryotic genome sequences. As the set of genes in a particular genome is not homogeneous with respect to DNA sequence composition features, the GeneMark.hmm program utilizes two Markov models representing distinct classes of protein coding genes denoted "typical" and "atypical". Atypical genes are those whose DNA features deviate significantly from those classified as typical and they represent approximately 10% of any given genome. In addition to the inherent interest of more accurately predicting genes, the atypical status of these genes may also reflect their separate evolutionary ancestry from other genes in that genome. We hypothesize that atypical genes are largely comprised of those genes that have been relatively recently acquired through lateral gene transfer (LGT). If so, what fraction of atypical genes are such bona fide LGTs? We have made atypical gene predictions for all fully completed prokaryotic genomes; we have been able to compare these results to other "surrogate" methods of LGT prediction.

  20. The Lateral Trigger Probability function for the Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Ray Showers detected by the Pierre Auger Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Pierre Auger Collaboration; P. Abreu; M. Aglietta; E. J. Ahn; I. F. M. Albuquerque; D. Allard; I. Allekotte; J. Allen; P. Allison; J. Alvarez Castillo; J. Alvarez-Muñiz; M. Ambrosio; A. Aminaei; L. Anchordoqui; S. Andringa; T. Anti?i?; A. Anzalone; C. Aramo; E. Arganda; F. Arqueros; H. Asorey; P. Assis; J. Aublin; M. Ave; M. Avenier; G. Avila; T. Bäcker; M. Balzer; K. B. Barber; A. F. Barbosa; R. Bardenet; S. L. C. Barroso; B. Baughman; J. Bäuml; J. J. Beatty; B. R. Becker; K. H. Becker; A. Bellétoile; J. A. Bellido; S. BenZvi; C. Berat; X. Bertou; P. L. Biermann; P. Billoir; F. Blanco; M. Blanco; C. Bleve; H. Blümer; M. Bohá?ová; D. Boncioli; C. Bonifazi; R. Bonino; N. Borodai; J. Brack; P. Brogueira; W. C. Brown; R. Bruijn; P. Buchholz; A. Bueno; R. E. Burton; K. S. Caballero-Mora; L. Caramete; R. Caruso; A. Castellina; O. Catalano; G. Cataldi; L. Cazon; R. Cester; J. Chauvin; S. H. Cheng; A. Chiavassa; J. A. Chinellato; A. Chou; J. Chudoba; R. W. Clay; M. R. Coluccia; R. Conceição; F. Contreras; H. Cook; M. J. Cooper; J. Coppens; A. Cordier; S. Coutu; C. E. Covault; A. Creusot; A. Criss; J. Cronin; A. Curutiu; S. Dagoret-Campagne; R. Dallier; S. Dasso; K. Daumiller; B. R. Dawson; R. M. de Almeida; M. De Domenico; C. De Donato; S. J. de Jong; G. De La Vega; W. J. M. de Mello Junior; J. R. T. de Mello Neto; I. De Mitri; V. de Souza; K. D. de Vries; G. Decerprit; L. del Peral; M. del Río; O. Deligny; H. Dembinski; N. Dhital; C. Di Giulio; J. C. Diaz; M. L. Díaz Castro; P. N. Diep; C. Dobrigkeit; W. Docters; J. C. D'Olivo; P. N. Dong; A. Dorofeev; J. C. dos Anjos; M. T. Dova; D. D'Urso; I. Dutan; J. Ebr; R. Engel; M. Erdmann; C. O. Escobar; J. Espadanal; A. Etchegoyen; P. Facal San Luis; I. Fajardo Tapia; H. Falcke; G. Farrar; A. C. Fauth; N. Fazzini; A. P. Ferguson; A. Ferrero; B. Fick; A. Filevich; A. Filip?i?; S. Fliescher; C. E. Fracchiolla; E. D. Fraenkel; U. Fröhlich; B. Fuchs; R. Gaior; R. F. Gamarra; S. Gambetta; B. García; D. García Gámez; D. Garcia-Pinto; A. Gascon; H. Gemmeke; K. Gesterling; P. L. Ghia; U. Giaccari; M. Giller; H. Glass; M. S. Gold; G. Golup; F. Gomez Albarracin; M. Gómez Berisso; P. Gonçalves; D. Gonzalez; J. G. Gonzalez; B. Gookin; D. Góra; A. Gorgi; P. Gouffon; S. R. Gozzini; E. Grashorn; S. Grebe; N. Griffith; M. Grigat; A. F. Grillo; Y. Guardincerri; F. Guarino; G. P. Guedes; A. Guzman; J. D. Hague; P. Hansen; D. Harari; S. Harmsma; J. L. Harton; A. Haungs; T. Hebbeker; D. Heck; A. E. Herve; C. Hojvat; N. Hollon; V. C. Holmes; P. Homola; J. R. Hörandel; A. Horneffer; M. Hrabovský; T. Huege; A. Insolia; F. Ionita; A. Italiano; C. Jarne; S. Jiraskova; M. Josebachuili; K. Kadija; K. H. Kampert; P. Karhan; P. Kasper; B. Kégl; B. Keilhauer; A. Keivani; J. L. Kelley; E. Kemp; R. M. Kieckhafer; H. O. Klages; M. Kleifges; J. Kleinfeller; J. Knapp; D. -H. Koang; K. Kotera; N. Krohm; O. Krömer; D. Kruppke-Hansen; F. Kuehn; D. Kuempel; J. K. Kulbartz; N. Kunka; G. La Rosa; C. Lachaud; P. Lautridou; M. S. A. B. Leão; D. Lebrun; P. Lebrun; M. A. Leigui de Oliveira; A. Lemiere; A. Letessier-Selvon; I. Lhenry-Yvon; K. Link; R. López; A. Lopez Agüera; K. Louedec; J. Lozano Bahilo; L. Lu; A. Lucero; M. Ludwig; H. Lyberis; M. C. Maccarone; C. Macolino; S. Maldera; D. Mandat; P. Mantsch; A. G. Mariazzi; J. Marin; V. Marin; I. C. Maris; H. R. Marquez Falcon; G. Marsella; D. Martello; L. Martin; H. Martinez; O. Martínez Bravo; H. J. Mathes; J. Matthews; J. A. J. Matthews; G. Matthiae; D. Maurizio; P. O. Mazur; G. Medina-Tanco; M. Melissas; D. Melo; E. Menichetti; A. Menshikov; P. Mertsch; C. Meurer; S. Mi?anovi?; M. I. Micheletti; W. Miller; L. Miramonti; L. Molina-Bueno; S. Mollerach; M. Monasor; D. Monnier Ragaigne; F. Montanet; B. Morales; C. Morello; E. Moreno; J. C. Moreno; C. Morris; M. Mostafá; C. A. Moura; S. Mueller; M. A. Muller; G. Müller; M. Münchmeyer; R. Mussa; G. Navarra ‡; J. L. Navarro; S. Navas; P. Necesal; L. Nellen; A. Nelles; J. Neuser; P. T. Nhung; L. Niemietz; N. Nierstenhoefer; D. Nitz; D. Nosek; L. Nožka; M. Nyklicek; J. Oehlschläger; A. Olinto; P. Oliva; V. M. Olmos-Gilbaja; M. Ortiz; N. Pacheco; D. Pakk Selmi-Dei; M. Palatka; J. Pallotta; N. Palmieri; G. Parente; E. Parizot; A. Parra; R. D. Parsons; S. Pastor; T. Paul; M. Pech; J. P?kala; R. Pelayo; I. M. Pepe; L. Perrone; R. Pesce; E. Petermann; S. Petrera; P. Petrinca; A. Petrolini; Y. Petrov; J. Petrovic; C. Pfendner; N. Phan; R. Piegaia; T. Pierog; P. Pieroni; M. Pimenta; V. Pirronello; M. Platino; V. H. Ponce; M. Pontz; P. Privitera; M. Prouza; E. J. Quel; S. Querchfeld; J. Rautenberg; O. Ravel; D. Ravignani; B. Revenu; J. Ridky; S. Riggi; M. Risse; P. Ristori; H. Rivera; V. Rizi; J. Roberts; C. Robledo; W. Rodrigues de Carvalho; G. Rodriguez; J. Rodriguez Martino; J. Rodriguez Rojo

    2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we introduce the concept of Lateral Trigger Probability (LTP) function, i.e., the probability for an extensive air shower (EAS) to trigger an individual detector of a ground based array as a function of distance to the shower axis, taking into account energy, mass and direction of the primary cosmic ray. We apply this concept to the surface array of the Pierre Auger Observatory consisting of a 1.5 km spaced grid of about 1600 water Cherenkov stations. Using Monte Carlo simulations of ultra-high energy showers the LTP functions are derived for energies in the range between 10^{17} and 10^{19} eV and zenith angles up to 65 degs. A parametrization combining a step function with an exponential is found to reproduce them very well in the considered range of energies and zenith angles. The LTP functions can also be obtained from data using events simultaneously observed by the fluorescence and the surface detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory (hybrid events). We validate the Monte-Carlo results showing how LTP functions from data are in good agreement with simulations.

  1. Technical applications of aerogels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hrubesh, L.W.

    1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerogel materials posses such a wide variety of exceptional properties that a striking number of applications have developed for them. Many of the commercial applications of aerogels such as catalysts, thermal insulation, windows, and particle detectors are still under development and new application as have been publicized since the ISA4 Conference in 1994: e.g.; supercapacitors, insulation for heat storage in automobiles, electrodes for capacitive deionization, etc. More applications are evolving as the scientific and engineering community becomes familiar with the unusual and exceptional physical properties of aerogels, there are also scientific and technical application, as well. This paper discusses a variety of applications under development at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for which several types of aerogels are formed in custom sizes and shapes. Particular discussions will focus on the uses of aerogels for physics experiments which rely on the exceptional, sometimes unique, properties of aerogels.

  2. Space Science and Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Space Science and Applications Applying world-class expertise in space sciences and associated technologies to detect and characterize national security threats Contacts Group...

  3. Computational Optimization and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    15

    2015-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Pitman Advanced Publishing Program, Boston, 1984. [10] M. Hanke, Regularizing Levenberg-Marquardt scheme, with applications to inverse groundwater. 19. 1.

  4. Application of solar energy.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jingcheng

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The purpose of the project is to learn the principle and application of solar energy and to know the situation of solar energy in China… (more)

  5. Application Power Signature Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hsu, Chung-Hsing [ORNL] [ORNL; Combs, Jacob [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Nazor, Jolie [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Santiago, Fabian [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Thysell, Rachelle [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Rivoire, Suzanne [Sonoma State University] [Sonoma State University; Poole, Stephen W [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The high-performance computing (HPC) community has been greatly concerned about energy efficiency. To address this concern, it is essential to understand and characterize the electrical loads of HPC applications. In this work, we study whether HPC applications can be distinguished by their power-consumption patterns using quantitative measures in an automatic manner. Using a collection of 88 power traces from 4 different systems, we find that basic statistical measures do a surprisingly good job of summarizing applications' distinctive power behavior. Moreover, this study opens up a new area of research in power-aware HPC that has a multitude of potential applications.

  6. The BP Oil Spill: One Year Later College Station, September 19 The Mosbacher Institute brought together an expert panel to discuss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boas, Harold P.

    The BP Oil Spill: One Year Later College Station, September 19 ­ The Mosbacher Institute brought at the Macondo oil well last year. The panel spoke to an audience of some 70 faculty and students at the Bush for the discussion, Jim Griffin reminded the audience that the oil spill that began on April 20, 2010 is the largest

  7. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, VOL. 118, 77837797, doi:10.1002/2013JA019337, 2013 Extended lateral heating of the nighttime ionosphere by ground-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experiments are performed with the 21.4 kHz, 424 kW VLF transmitter NPM in Lualualei, Hawaii, and physical effects of the NPM transmissions are studied with a subionospherically propagating VLF probe signal but rather appear to be the result of scattering from extended lateral heating of the ionosphere by the NPM

  8. High-pressure sound velocities and elasticity of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite to 45 GPa: Implications for lateral heterogeneity in Earth's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Jennifer M.

    High-pressure sound velocities and elasticity of aluminous MgSiO3 perovskite to 45 GPa lateral variations of seismic wave speeds in Earth's lower mantle are due at least in part to a chemical, J. M., J. Zhang, J. Shu, S. V. Sinogeikin, and J. D. Bass (2005), High-pressure sound velocities

  9. 25th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Valencia, Spain, 6-10 September 2010, 2CO.4.3 IMPACT OF LATERAL VARIATIONS ON THE SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    analyze various monocrystalline silicon solar cells. The light-IV curves around the maximum power point.3 IMPACT OF LATERAL VARIATIONS ON THE SOLAR CELL EFFICIENCY David Hinken, Karsten Bothe and Rolf Brendel-dimensional approach to calculate the impact of local parameters on the global solar cell efficiency. The presented

  10. P11.3 EFFECTS OF NESTING FREQUENCY AND LATERAL BOUNDARY PERTURBATIONS ON THE DISPERSION OF LIMITED-AREA ENSEMBLE FORECASTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xue, Ming

    P11.3 EFFECTS OF NESTING FREQUENCY AND LATERAL BOUNDARY PERTURBATIONS ON THE DISPERSION OF LIMITED of ensemble fore- casts, also lack consistent perturbations. Pertur- bations growing on the nested domain on the effect of LBC update in- terval on the nested-grid ensemble dispersion. Other results will be presented

  11. ccsd-00002730,version1-31Aug2004 Astronomy & Astrophysics manuscript no. article.hyper28141 31st August 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    structure of the permanent magnetic field which induces a coupling between spherical harmonics thus exciting examples of couplings be- tween pulsation and magnetism is given by the seismo- logical activity August 2004 (DOI: will be inserted by hand later) Oscillations of magnetic stars II. Axisymmetric

  12. Dissociations of the Medial and Lateral Perforant Path Projections Into Dorsal DG, CA3, and CA1 for Spatial and Nonspatial (Visual Object)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Anthony

    -amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV) infusions, whereas lateral perforant path plasticity can be attenuated by naloxone infusions. The present experiment was designed to evaluate the role of each entorhinal) changes in the overall configuration of environmental stimuli. Dorsal dentate gyrus infusions of either

  13. Title: Refreshable tactile graphics using a lateral skin deformation device Author(s): Levesque V.1, Hayward V.1, Petit G.2, Dufresne A.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayward, Vincent

    Title: Refreshable tactile graphics using a lateral skin deformation device Author(s): Levesque V.1: Tactile graphics are useful to convey spatial information and concepts to visually impaired persons with maps, mathematical diagrams and other types of illustrations. Unfortunately, tactile graphics

  14. Self-organization during growth of ZrN/SiN{sub x} multilayers by epitaxial lateral overgrowth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fallqvist, A.; Fager, H.; Hultman, L.; Persson, P. O. Å. [Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)] [Thin Film Physics Division, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden); Ghafoor, N. [Nanostructured Materials, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)] [Nanostructured Materials, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linköping University, SE-581 83 Linköping (Sweden)

    2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ZrN/SiN{sub x} nanoscale multilayers were deposited on ZrN seed layers grown on top of MgO(001) substrates by dc magnetron sputtering with a constant ZrN thickness of 40 Å and with an intended SiN{sub x} thickness of 2, 4, 6, 8, and 15 Å at a substrate temperature of 800 °C and 6 Å at 500 °C. The films were investigated by X-ray diffraction, high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The investigations show that the SiN{sub x} is amorphous and that the ZrN layers are crystalline. Growth of epitaxial cubic SiN{sub x}—known to take place on TiN(001)—on ZrN(001) is excluded to the monolayer resolution of this study. During the course of SiN{sub x} deposition, the material segregates to form surface precipitates in discontinuous layers for SiN{sub x} thicknesses ?6 Å that coalesce into continuous layers for 8 and 15 Å thickness at 800 °C, and for 6 Å at 500 °C. The SiN{sub x} precipitates are aligned vertically. The ZrN layers in turn grow by epitaxial lateral overgrowth on the discontinuous SiN{sub x} in samples deposited at 800 °C with up to 6 Å thick SiN{sub x} layers. Effectively a self-organized nanostructure can be grown consisting of strings of 1–3 nm large SiN{sub x} precipitates along apparent column boundaries in the epitaxial ZrN.

  15. Wind energy applications guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The brochure is an introduction to various wind power applications for locations with underdeveloped transmission systems, from remote water pumping to village electrification. It includes an introductory section on wind energy, including wind power basics and system components and then provides examples of applications, including water pumping, stand-alone systems for home and business, systems for community centers, schools, and health clinics, and examples in the industrial area. There is also a page of contacts, plus two specific example applications for a wind-diesel system for a remote station in Antarctica and one on wind-diesel village electrification in Russia.

  16. MSW Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    MSW Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials and Fees SUBMIT Application for Admission to Graduate Studies Statement of Academic Interests (1-2 pages) MSW

  17. Heat Pumps - Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altin, M.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    compressors (heat pumps) with actual applications in Monsanto. Guidelines for possible application areas are drawn from the analysis, and conclusions are drawn both about the usefulness of exergy analysis and about the heat pump application areas....

  18. OPS Application Requisition #: Job Title

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzotti, Frank

    to my application and resume. I certify that the application and/or resume submitted are a complete statements or omissions made by me on this form, my application, my resume, or any supplementary

  19. Neutron sources and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

  20. web identity application sectioneleven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Derisi, Joseph

    web identity application sectioneleven 99 contents elements of webpage design......................................................................... 100-101 web development and design considerations web banners is required for all official UCSF webpages. This banner includes a required link

  1. Dislocation reduction via selective-area growth of InN accompanied by lateral growth by rf-plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamimura, Jumpei [Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 330-0012 (Japan); Kishino, Katsumi; Kikuchi, Akihiko [Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama 330-0012 (Japan); Sophia Nanotechnology Research Center, Sophia University, 7-1 Kioi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

    2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the selective-area growth (SAG) of InN by rf-plasma-assisted molecular-beam epitaxy using molybdenum (Mo)-mask-patterned sapphire (0001) substrates, which resulted in the formation of regularly arranged N-polar InN microcrystals. Transmission electron microscopy observation confirmed that the laterally grown side areas were nearly dislocation-free, although many threading dislocations (10{sup 9}-10{sup 10} cm{sup -2}) were generated at the InN/sapphire interface and propagated into the center of the InN microcrystals along the crystal c-axis. The laterally grown InN microcrystals exhibited narrow near-IR emission spectra with a peak photon energy of 0.627 eV and a linewidth of 39 meV at room temperature.

  2. Self-Organization, Plasticity, and Low-level Visual Phenomena in a Laterally Connected Map Model of the Primary Visual Cortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on a Hebbian adaptation process, the afferent and lateral connections in the RF-LISSOM model organize simultaneously and cooperatively, and form structures such as those observed in the primary visual cortex. The neurons in the model develop local receptive fields that are organized into orientation, ocular dominance, and size selectivity columns. At the same time, patterned lateral connections form between neurons that follow the receptive field organization. This structure is in a continuously-adapting dynamic equilibrium with the external and intrinsic input, and can account for reorganization of the adult cortex following retinal and cortical lesions. The same learning processes may be responsible for a number of low-level functional phenomena such as tilt aftereffects, and combined with the leaky integrator model of the spiking neuron, for segmentation and binding. The model can also be used to verify quantitatively the hypothesis that the visual cortex forms a sparse, redun...

  3. Applications of cavity optomechanics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalfe, Michael [Booz Allen Hamilton, 3811 Fairfax Drive, Arlington, Virginia 22203 (United States)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    “Cavity-optomechanics” aims to study the quantum properties of mechanical systems. A common strategy implemented in order to achieve this goal couples a high finesse photonic cavity to a high quality factor mechanical resonator. Then, using feedback forces such as radiation pressure, one can cool the mechanical mode of interest into the quantum ground state and create non-classical states of mechanical motion. On the path towards achieving these goals, many near-term applications of this field have emerged. After briefly introducing optomechanical systems and describing the current state-of-the-art experimental results, this article summarizes some of the more exciting practical applications such as ultra-sensitive, high bandwidth accelerometers and force sensors, low phase noise x-band integrated microwave oscillators and optical signal processing such as optical delay-lines, wavelength converters, and tunable optical filters. In this rapidly evolving field, new applications are emerging at a fast pace, but this article concentrates on the aforementioned lab-based applications as these are the most promising avenues for near-term real-world applications. New basic science applications are also becoming apparent such as the generation of squeezed light, testing gravitational theories and for providing a link between disparate quantum systems.

  4. An experimental study of the buckling behavior and frictional effects of a circular rod laterally constrained within a horizontal circular cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Thomas H.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . 22 22 22 28 31 33 vn TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) CHAPTER Page 4. 4 Analysis of Lateral Load Applied by Buckled Pipe . 40 V DISCUSSION. VI CONCLUSIONS . 45 49 VII RECOMMENDATIONS . 51 NOMENCLATURE 53 REFERENCES APPENDIX A FIXED END... CONDITIONS. 55 58 APPENDIX B 12 FT. MODEL EXPERIMENTS. 63 APPENDIX C LOAD VARIATION DURING ROD MOVEMENT. . . 70 APPENDIX D PHOTOGRAPHS. 72 VITA 74 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 2. 1 Post buckle rod position during the sinusoidal mode. 2. 2 Post buckle...

  5. The role of the cant and lateral position of the steering wheel in the orientation of drivers to the location of the automotive pedals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrod, M. G

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    examined the effects of three steering wheel cants and three steering wheel lateral positions on drivers' preferred automotive foot pedal locations and separation distances. The dependent variables were the preferred vertical and horizontal positions... in orienting the driver to the locations of the pedals and should be part of any design recommendations detailing the relationship between the driver and the foot pedals. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank the chairman of my Advisory Committee, Dr...

  6. Optical Manipulation of Vesicles for Optofluidic Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vasdekis, Andreas E.; Scott, E. A.; O'Neil, C. P.; Psaltis, D.; Hubbell, J. A.

    2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, we review our recent results in the optical micromanipulation of vesicles. Traditionally, vesicle manipulation has been possible by employing photon momentum and optical trapping, giving rise to unique observations of vesicle shape changes and soft matter mechanics. Contrary to these attempts, we employ photon energy rather than momentum, by sensitizing vesicles with an oxidizing moiety. The later converts incident photons to reactive oxygen species, which in turn attack and compromise the stability of the vesicle membrane. Both coherent and incoherent radiation was employed. Polymersome re-organization into smaller diameter vesicles was possible by focusing the excitation beam in the vicinity of the polymersomes. Extended vesicle illumination with a collimated beam lead to their complete destabilization and micelle formation. Single particle analysis revealed that payload release takes place within seconds of illumination in an explosive burst. We will discuss the destabilization and payload release kinetics, as revealed by high resolution microscopy at the single particle level, as well as potential applications in single cell biomodulation.

  7. Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy in industrial and security applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bol'shakov, Alexander A.; Yoo, Jong H.; Liu Chunyi; Plumer, John R.; Russo, Richard E.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) offers rapid, localized chemical analysis of solid or liquid materials with high spatial resolution in lateral and depth profiling, without the need for sample preparation. Principal component analysis and partial least squares algorithms were applied to identify a variety of complex organic and inorganic samples. This work illustrates how LIBS analyzers can answer a multitude of real-world needs for rapid analysis, such as determination of lead in paint and children's toys, analysis of electronic and solder materials, quality control of fiberglass panels, discrimination of coffee beans from different vendors, and identification of generic versus brand-name drugs. Lateral and depth profiling was performed on children's toys and paint layers. Traditional one-element calibration or multivariate chemometric procedures were applied for elemental quantification, from single laser shot determination of metal traces at {approx}10 {mu}g/g to determination of halogens at 90 {mu}g/g using 50-shot spectral accumulation. The effectiveness of LIBS for security applications was demonstrated in the field by testing the 50-m standoff LIBS rasterizing detector.

  8. Building Facebook Application using Python

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, S. Felix

    Building Facebook Application using Python ECS-15, Fall 2010 Prantik Bhattacharyya #12;· Farmville ­ Game ­ 57.5m users ­ http://www.facebook.com/FarmVille · Causes ­ Issues/Movement ­ 26.4m users ­ http://www.facebook.com/causes Facebook Applications #12;Outline · Facebook Applications · Writing Applications · Development

  9. Flexible fiber batteries for applications in smart textiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Hang; Rolland, Julien; Vlad, Alexandru; Gohy, Jean-François; Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we discuss two alternative approaches for building flexible batteries for applications in smart textiles. The first approach uses well-studied inorganic electrochemistry (Al-NaOCl galvanic cell) and innovative packaging in order to produce batteries in a slender and flexible fiber form that can be further weaved directly into the textiles. During fabrication process the battery electrodes are co-drawn within a microstructured polymer fiber, which is later filled with liquid electrolyte. The second approach describes Li-ion chemistry within solid polymer electrolytes that are used to build a fully solid and soft rechargeable battery that can be furthermore stitched onto a textile, or integrated as stripes during weaving process.

  10. Uncertainty analysis for probabilistic pipe fracture evaluations in LBB applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahman, S.; Ghadiali, N.; Wilkowski, G.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the NRC`s Short Cracks in Piping and Piping Welds Program at Battelle, a probabilistic methodology was developed to conduct fracture evaluations of circumferentially cracked pipes for application to leak-rate detection. Later, in the IPIRG-2 program, several parameters that may affect leak-before-break and other pipe flaw evaluations were identified. This paper presents new results from several uncertainty analyses to evaluate the effects of normal operating stresses, normal plus safe-shutdown earthquake stresses, off-centered cracks, restraint of pressure-induced bending, and dynamic and cyclic loading rates on the conditional failure probability of pipes. systems in BWR and PWR. For each parameter, the sensitivity to conditional probability of failure and hence, its importance on probabilistic leak-before-break evaluations were determined.

  11. Microcomputer applications of, and modifications to, the modular fault trees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimmerman, T.L.; Graves, N.L.; Payne, A.C. Jr.; Whitehead, D.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LaSalle Probabilistic Risk Assessment was the first major application of the modular logic fault trees after the IREP program. In the process of performing the analysis, many errors were discovered in the fault tree modules that led to difficulties in combining the modules to form the final system fault trees. These errors are corrected in the revised modules listed in this report. In addition, the application of the modules in terms of editing them and forming them into the system fault trees was inefficient. Originally, the editing had to be done line by line and no error checking was performed by the computer. This led to many typos and other logic errors in the construction of the modular fault tree files. Two programs were written to help alleviate this problem: (1) MODEDIT - This program allows an operator to retrieve a file for editing, edit the file for the plant specific application, perform some general error checking while the file is being modified, and store the file for later use, and (2) INDEX - This program checks that the modules that are supposed to form one fault tree all link up appropriately before the files are,loaded onto the mainframe computer. Lastly, the modules were not designed for relay type logic common in BWR designs but for solid state type logic. Some additional modules were defined for modeling relay logic, and an explanation and example of their use are included in this report.

  12. System and method for ultrafast optical signal detecting via a synchronously coupled anamorphic light pulse encoded laterally

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heebner, John E. (Livermore, CA)

    2010-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In one general embodiment, a method for ultrafast optical signal detecting is provided. In operation, a first optical input signal is propagated through a first wave guiding layer of a waveguide. Additionally, a second optical input signal is propagated through a second wave guiding layer of the waveguide. Furthermore, an optical control signal is applied to a top of the waveguide, the optical control signal being oriented diagonally relative to the top of the waveguide such that the application is used to influence at least a portion of the first optical input signal propagating through the first wave guiding layer of the waveguide. In addition, the first and the second optical input signals output from the waveguide are combined. Further, the combined optical signals output from the waveguide are detected. In another general embodiment, a system for ultrafast optical signal recording is provided comprising a waveguide including a plurality of wave guiding layers, an optical control source positioned to propagate an optical control signal towards the waveguide in a diagonal orientation relative to a top of the waveguide, at least one optical input source positioned to input an optical input signal into at least a first and a second wave guiding layer of the waveguide, and a detector for detecting at least one interference pattern output from the waveguide, where at least one of the interference patterns results from a combination of the optical input signals input into the first and the second wave guiding layer. Furthermore, propagation of the optical control signal is used to influence at least a portion of the optical input signal propagating through the first wave guiding layer of the waveguide.

  13. STUDENT TRAVEL POLICY APPLICABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    STUDENT TRAVEL POLICY APPLICABILITY The student travel policy is subject to the standardized the following funding sources: Activity and Services (A & S) fees, Revenues, and Auxiliary fund. The student travel policy incorporates by reference in the University Regulation 4.006 Student Government and Student

  14. Undergraduate Application and Scholarships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherrill, David

    with Professor Nils Kroger, studying new materials made by microalgae for use in nano- technological applications such as biotechnology, renewable energy, nanotechnology, modern pharmaceuticals, environmental concerns, and forensics, which play central roles in the nation's health, nutrition, security, energy generation, and economy

  15. DATABASE SECURITY APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    DATABASE SECURITY #12;APPLICATIONS #12;Polyinstantiation for Cover Stories Ravi S. Sandhu and Sushil Jajodia* Center for Secure Information Systems & Department of Information and Software Systems Engineering George Mason University Falffax, VA 22030, USA emaih {sandhu, jajodia}Qsitevax.gmu.edu Abstract

  16. Introducing Web Application Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Wei

    Introducing Web Application Development Instructor: Dr Wei Ding Development Instructor: Dr.Wei Ding Fall 2009 1CS 437/637 Database-BackedWeb Sites andWeb Services Introduction: Internet vs. World Wide Web Internet is an interconnected network of thousands ofInternet is an interconnected network

  17. Permit application modifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains the Permit Application Modifications for the Y-12 Industrial Landfill V site on the Oak Ridge Reservation. These modifications include the assessment of stability of the proposed Landfill V under static and loading conditions. Analyses performed include the general slope stability, veneer stability of the bottom liner and cover system, and a liquefaction potential assessment of the foundation soils.

  18. APPLICATION PRESIDENTIAL INTERNSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tipple, Brett

    APPLICATION PRESIDENTIAL INTERNSHIP IN HIGHER EDUCATION 2012-2013 The Presidential Internship perspective. The Presidential Internship in Higher Education program is looking for a small, diverse group and community leaders. To qualify for this internship, a student must: 1. Exhibit an interest in higher

  19. Applied Statistics: Modern Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Real-time vehicle tracking Pollution levels Medical and genetic information .... Saturday, 5 February-time vehicle tracking Pollution levels Medical and genetic information .... Saturday, 5 February 2011 #12 · Advertising · ... Saturday, 5 February 2011 #12;Saturday, 5 February 2011 #12;Modern Application Areas

  20. INDUSTRIAL AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purvis, Richard

    INDUSTRIAL AND BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS Frank Smith, Nicholas Ovenden and Richard Purvis University are described, one industrial on violent water-air interaction during an impact process and the other biomedical: industrial, biomedical, impacts, networks, theory, computation, scales. 1. INTRODUCTION It is a pleasure

  1. Method and an apparatus to control the lateral motion of a long metal bar being formed by a mechanical process such as rolling or drawing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Tzyy-Shuh (Ann Arbor, MI); Huang, Hsun-Hau (Ann Arbor, MI); Lin, Chang-Hung (Ann Arbor, MI)

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An adjustable guide, includes two or more mechanisms each having a rotatable retaining element containing a retaining groove with a variable radius in its perimeter surface. The grooves form a guidance path to control the lateral, i.e. non-axial, motion of a long bar moving along a longitudinal axis during a production process.The diameter of the guidance path varies according to the variable radii of the grooves. The guidance path increases in size at a predetermined rate, from a point of origin to an end point on the retaining groove. Rotating the retaining elements causes the diameter of the retaining grooves to change so that the size of the guidance path can be changed to match the diameter of the bar being rolled, size of the guidance path can be changed to fit the diameter of a new bar rolled without having to exchange the guide for a different sized guide, reduce fiction between the bar and the guide, a media, such as compressed air, can be injected between the retaining elements via orifices.Each retaining element is attached to a mounting apparatus. The mounting apparatus can be fixed or flexible. The flexible mounting apparatus includes one or more springs and one or more shock absorbers. A force neutral position of the flexible mounting apparatus is designed to be located on the predetermined ideal bar path line. The flexible mounting apparatus dissipates kinetic energy from the bar thereby reducing the bar's lateral motion relative to the ideal bar path line.The damping ratio of the mounting apparatus can be adjustable to alter the product's vibration mode to enable better control of the bar's lateral motion.

  2. LATERAL OFFSET OF THE CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS FROM THE X-FLARE OF 2006 DECEMBER 13 AND ITS TWO PRECURSOR ERUPTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sterling, Alphonse C.; Moore, Ronald L. [Space Science Office, VP62, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Harra, Louise K., E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: lkh@mssl.ucl.ac.uk [UCL-Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, Surrey RH5 6NT (United Kingdom)

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Two GOES sub-C-class precursor eruptions occurred within {approx}10 hr prior to and from the same active region as the 2006 December 13 X4.3-class flare. Each eruption generated a coronal mass ejection (CME) with center laterally far offset ({approx}> 45 Degree-Sign ) from the co-produced bright flare. Explaining such CME-to-flare lateral offsets in terms of the standard model for solar eruptions has been controversial. Using Hinode/X-Ray Telescope (XRT) and EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) data, and Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)/Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) and Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) data, we find or infer the following. (1) The first precursor was a 'magnetic-arch-blowout' event, where an initial standard-model eruption of the active region's core field blew out a lobe on one side of the active region's field. (2) The second precursor began similarly, but the core-field eruption stalled in the side-lobe field, with the side-lobe field erupting {approx}1 hr later to make the CME either by finally being blown out or by destabilizing and undergoing a standard-model eruption. (3) The third eruption, the X-flare event, blew out side lobes on both sides of the active region and clearly displayed characteristics of the standard model. (4) The two precursors were offset due in part to the CME originating from a side-lobe coronal arcade that was offset from the active region's core. The main eruption (and to some extent probably the precursor eruptions) was offset primarily because it pushed against the field of the large sunspot as it escaped outward. (5) All three CMEs were plausibly produced by a suitable version of the standard model.

  3. Textbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ..................................................................................... 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sura, Philip

    allows you to search for your assigned course(s) by: Term, Location, Academic Department, Course NumberTextbook Adoption Application Guide Entering the Application ............................................................................................................ 3 Search with Academic Criteria

  4. Application of a 3D hydraulic-fracturing simulator for design of acid-fracturing treatments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morgenthaler, L.N. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (United States))

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field experience during 1989--90 shows that application of a 3D hydraulic-fracturing simulator increases success of acid-fracturing well treatments. Fracture extension can be limited to the oil-bearing pay, maximum lateral extension can be realized within the height constraint, and acid/rock contact time can be increased by a factor of between 3 and 30. Oil-production response can be improved over other stimulation designs while water-production response can be limited. These methods have been applied in mature waterfloods of the Permian Basin and Cedar Creek anticline.

  5. Regularization Method And Its Application In Problem Of Determination A Radial Distribution Of Spectral Lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vuceljic, M. J. [University of Montenegro, Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematic, Podgorica (Serbia)

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    There are a lot of methods dealing with the problems how to get the local radial intensity from a measured lateral intensity of the spectral line. All of them need some a priori information and often a preliminary filtering of the signal. Thus, it is always a question about loosing the useful information of the signal. One of the methods for determination radial intensity is a Tikhonov regularization method. This method requires minimum a priori information such as: the intensity is a monotone positive function. To check applicability limitations of the method, some model functions have been introduced. Special attention was devoted to the model function with the fine structure.

  6. Ceramics for fusion applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clinard, F.W. Jr.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ceramics are required for a variety of uses in both near-term fusion devices and in commercial powerplants. These materials must retain adequate structural and electrical properties under conditions of neutron, particle, and ionizing irradiation; thermal and applied stresses; and physical and chemical sputtering. Ceramics such as Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/, MgAl/sub 2/O/sub 4/, BeO, Si/sub 3/N/sub 4/ and SiC are currently under study for fusion applications, and results to date show widely-varying response to the fusion environment. Materials can be identified today which will meet initial operating requirements, but improvements in physical properties are needed to achieve satisfactory lifetimes for critical applications.

  7. IMPROVED MISCIBLE NITROGEN FLOOD PERFORMANCE UTILIZING ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND HORIZONTAL LATERALS IN A CLASS I RESERVOIR - EAST BINGER (MARCHAND) UNIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teresa Muhic

    2000-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The cooperative agreement for this project was finalized and signed during April 2000. The official project start date was April 11, 2000. Initial reporting requirements, including the completion of a Project Management Plan, Milestone Plan and Log, and a Hazardous Substance Plan, were completed and submitted to the DOE in early May 2000. Work on the project tasks was initiated in May 2000. During the course of this budget period, efforts will focus on enhancing reservoir characterization work that had been in progress prior to the start of this grant project, incorporation of this information into an existing 3-D full-field compositional model, and utilization of a ''window area'' of the model (representing a selected pilot area) to evaluate the impacts of horizontal laterals on recovery in the miscible nitrogen flood. The ''window area'' model will also be used to design the most effective configuration and placement of the lateral sections. The following is a summary of progress made between April 11, 2000 and June 30, 2000.

  8. Internship Application Form

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for and Application deadline: November 30, 2014 Submit

  9. Application Process and Eligibility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmesApplication Acceleration on Current and Future

  10. Heat Pipes: An Industrial Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, F.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the basics of heat pipe exchangers. Included are how they are constructed, how they operate, where they have application, and various aspects of evaluating a potential application. After discussing the technical aspects of heat...

  11. Transactional Network Platform: Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katipamula, Srinivas; Lutes, Robert G.; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In FY13, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) with funding from the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) designed, prototyped and tested a transactional network platform to support energy, operational and financial transactions between any networked entities (equipment, organizations, buildings, grid, etc.). Initially, in FY13, the concept demonstrated transactions between packaged rooftop air conditioners and heat pump units (RTUs) and the electric grid using applications or "agents" that reside on the platform, on the equipment, on a local building controller or in the Cloud. The transactional network project is a multi-lab effort with Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) also contributing to the effort. PNNL coordinated the project and also was responsible for the development of the transactional network (TN) platform and three different applications associated with RTUs. This document describes two applications or "agents" in details, and also summarizes the platform. The TN platform details are described in another companion document.

  12. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS HEALTH COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-HEALTH-2010-single-stage Further copies the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;Theme: HEALTH Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects for Applicants for calls using single-stage submission procedures. The main part of this Guide (sections 1 to 5

  13. 10 November 1998 Standard Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10 November 1998 Standard Applications Framework for EPICS (SAFE) Steve Lewis (LBNL) Revision 2.0--for EPICS R3.13Beta12-LBL.2 or R3.13.0-LBL.2 1.0 Introduction The Standard Applications Framework for EPICS (SAFE) provides an organized approach for building EPICS applications on a Unix host, include

  14. Mobile Robot Sensing for Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications Amarjeetwith Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications (a)Mobile robot sensing for environmental applications only a

  15. Direct application of geothermal energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reistad, G.M.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An overall treatment of direct geothermal applications is presented with an emphasis on the above-ground engineering. The types of geothermal resources and their general extent in the US are described. The potential market that may be served with geothermal energy is considered briefly. The evaluation considerations, special design aspects, and application approaches for geothermal energy use in each of the applications are considered. The present applications in the US are summarized and a bibliography of recent studies and applications is provided. (MHR)

  16. Evaluating land application effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarkis, K. (Philadelphia Water Department, PA (USA))

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Philadelphia, PA Water Department embarked on a land application program of its treated wastewater sludge in 1977. Initially, liquid sludge averaging from 1-5% solids was applied to approximately 400 acres of corn, soybeans, and sod at rates sufficient to supply crop nitrogen needs. During the 1978 through 1984 growing seasons, crops and soils were monitored for heavy metals (bioavailability of cadmium, copper, nickel, chromium, lead and zinc) and in 1984 for PCB accumulation. This report summarizes results of the monitoring program until 1984.

  17. Analog computer fundamentals & application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, R.N

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY LIBRARY ANALOG COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS Rc APPLICATION A Technical RePort by R. N. PATE L submitted to PROD J. H. CADDESS In n art i a 1 fulf i lment of the requi. rements for the degree of MASTER OF ENGINEERING TEXAS A...-linear operation which is necessary on a general purpose computer. A "quarter-square" tech- -nique is used to effect this operation, use being made of the identity: X7 = 'j?'P(?J3 -c~-~)3 The connections shown i. n figure be made to the patch panel...

  18. Passive solar applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balcomb, J.D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Passive solar applications in buildings are described. The major emphasis of the research has been on devising mathematical models to characterize heat flow within buildings, on the validation of these models by comparison with test results, and on the subsequent use of the models to investigate the influence of both various design parameters and the weather on system performance. Results from both test modules and monitored buildings are discussed. Simulation analysis, the development of simplified methods, and systems analysis are outlined. Passive solar potential in China is discussed.

  19. Application of Gaussian Process Modeling to Analysis of Functional Unreliability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Youngblood

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper applies Gaussian Process (GP) modeling to analysis of the functional unreliability of a “passive system.” GPs have been used widely in many ways [1]. The present application uses a GP for emulation of a system simulation code. Such an emulator can be applied in several distinct ways, discussed below. All applications illustrated in this paper have precedents in the literature; the present paper is an application of GP technology to a problem that was originally analyzed [2] using neural networks (NN), and later [3, 4] by a method called “Alternating Conditional Expectations” (ACE). This exercise enables a multifaceted comparison of both the processes and the results. Given knowledge of the range of possible values of key system variables, one could, in principle, quantify functional unreliability by sampling from their joint probability distribution, and performing a system simulation for each sample to determine whether the function succeeded for that particular setting of the variables. Using previously available system simulation codes, such an approach is generally impractical for a plant-scale problem. It has long been recognized, however, that a well-trained code emulator or surrogate could be used in a sampling process to quantify certain performance metrics, even for plant-scale problems. “Response surfaces” were used for this many years ago. But response surfaces are at their best for smoothly varying functions; in regions of parameter space where key system performance metrics may behave in complex ways, or even exhibit discontinuities, response surfaces are not the best available tool. This consideration was one of several that drove the work in [2]. In the present paper, (1) the original quantification of functional unreliability using NN [2], and later ACE [3], is reprised using GP; (2) additional information provided by the GP about uncertainty in the limit surface, generally unavailable in other representations, is discussed; (3) a simple forensic exercise is performed, analogous to the inverse problem of code calibration, but with an accident management spin: given an observation about containment pressure, what can we say about the system variables? References 1. For an introduction to GPs, see (for example) Gaussian Processes for Machine Learning, C. E. Rasmussen and C. K. I. Williams (MIT, 2006). 2. Reliability Quantification of Advanced Reactor Passive Safety Systems, J. J. Vandenkieboom, PhD Thesis (University of Michigan, 1996). 3. Z. Cui, J. C. Lee, J. J. Vandenkieboom, and R. W. Youngblood, “Unreliability Quantification of a Containment Cooling System through ACE and ANN Algorithms,” Trans. Am. Nucl. Soc. 85, 178 (2001). 4. Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems, J. C. Lee and N. J. McCormick (Wiley, 2011). See especially §11.2.4.

  20. Method and apparatus to control the lateral motion of a long metal bar being formed by a mechanical process such as rolling or drawing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Tzyy-Shuh (Ann Arbor, MI); Huang, Hsun-Hau (Ann Arbor, MI); Lin, Chang-Hung (Ypsilanti, MI)

    2011-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus to control lateral motion of a bar moving along a guidance path includes a pair of rotatable hubs each having at least first and second rollers at locations around the perimeter of the hub. The first roller has a first retaining groove of a first radius and the second roller has a second groove of a second radius smaller than the first radius. Each hub further includes at least one guiding element located between the rollers with a guide channel extending in the outer surface. A mounting system allows the hubs to be rotated between first and second positions. In the first position the first rollers oppose each other forming a guideway having a first, enlarged diameter for capturing a free end of an approaching bar. In the second position the second rollers form a second, smaller diameter to match the actual size of the bar.

  1. Migration enhanced lateral epitaxial overgrowth of AlN and AlGaN for high reliability deep ultraviolet light emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, R.; Sun, W.; Yang, J.; Shatalov, M.; Hu, X.; Sattu, A.; Lunev, A.; Deng, J.; Shturm, I.; Bilenko, Y.; Gaska, R. [Sensor Electronic Technology, Inc., 1195 Atlas Road, Columbia, South Carolina 29209 (United States); Shur, M. S. [Electrical Computer and Systems Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy New York 12180 (United States)

    2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the growth of low-defect thick films of AlN and AlGaN on trenched AlGaN/sapphire templates using migration enhanced lateral epitaxial overgrowth. Incoherent coalescence-related defects were alleviated by controlling the tilt angle of growth fronts and by allowing Al adatoms sufficient residence time to incorporate at the most energetically favorable lattice sites. Deep ultraviolet light emitting diode structures (310 nm) deposited over fully coalesced thick AlN films exhibited cw output power of 1.6 mW at 50 mA current with extrapolated lifetime in excess of 5000 hours. The results demonstrate substantial improvement in the device lifetime, primarily due to the reduced density of growth defects.

  2. Impact of artificial lateral quantum confinement on exciton-spin relaxation in a two-dimensional GaAs electronic system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiba, Takayuki, E-mail: tkiba@ist.hokudai.ac.jp; Murayama, Akihiro [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Kita 14, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Tanaka, Toru [Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Kita 14, Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo (Japan); Tamura, Yosuke [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); Higo, Akio [WPI-AIMR, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); Thomas, Cedric [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Samukawa, Seiji [Institute of Fluid Science, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); WPI-AIMR, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan); CREST Japan Science and Technology Agency, 5 Sanbancho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate the effect of artificial lateral quantum confinement on exciton-spin relaxation in a GaAs electronic system. GaAs nanodisks (NDs) were fabricated from a quantum well (QW) by top-down nanotechnology using neutral-beam etching aided by protein-engineered bio-nano-templates. The exciton-spin relaxation time was 1.4 ns due to ND formation, significantly extended compared to 0.44 ns for the original QW, which is attributed to weakening of the hole-state mixing in addition to freezing of the carrier momentum. The temperature dependence of the spin-relaxation time depends on the ND thickness, reflecting the degree of quantum confinement.

  3. Surety applications in transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matalucci, R.V.; Miyoshi, D.S.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrastructure surety can make a valuable contribution to the transportation engineering industry. The lessons learned at Sandia National Laboratories in developing surety principles and technologies for the nuclear weapons complex and the nuclear power industry hold direct applications to the safety, security, and reliability of the critical infrastructure. This presentation introduces the concepts of infrastructure surety, including identification of the normal, abnormal, and malevolent threats to the transportation infrastructure. National problems are identified and examples of failures and successes in response to environmental loads and other structural and systemic vulnerabilities are presented. The infrastructure surety principles developed at Sandia National Laboratories are described. Currently available technologies including (a) three-dimensional computer-assisted drawing packages interactively combined with virtual reality systems, (b) the complex calculational and computational modeling and code-coupling capabilities associated with the new generation of supercomputers, and (c) risk-management methodologies with application to solving the national problems associated with threats to the critical transportation infrastructure are discussed.

  4. Land application of sludge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, A.L.; Logan, T.J.; Ryan, J.A. (eds.)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book is the proceedings of a workshop held in Las Vegas, NV in 1985 entitled Effects of Sewage Sludge Quality and Soil Properties on Plant Uptake of Sludge-Applied Trace Constituents. The workshop was in response to the need to utilize the most current available information in the development of regulations and criteria to safely apply and manage the land application of municipal sewage sludge. The participants were undoubtedly the most knowledgeable of this subject matter, and were divided into five separate but related task groups. The groups addressed the following sludge-related topics: (1) role of soil properties on accumulation of trace element by crops; (2) role of sludge properties on accumulation of trace elements by crops; (3) influence of long-term application on accumulation of trace elements by crops; (4) transfer of trace elements to the food chain, and (5) effects of trace organics in agroecosystems and their risk assessment to humans. The text, therefore, parallels those of the results of the task groups. The five main chapters followed a similar format, i.e., having an introduction section, a comprehensive literature review, discussion of recent and current data, and synthesis of the most relevant information.

  5. Applications for Certification (Contracting) | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Contracting) Applications for Certification (Contracting) Application FAC-C Level I.pdf Application FAC-C Level II.pdf Application FAC-C Level III.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  6. Engineering and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications Engineering and Materials for Automotive Thermoelectric Applications Design and optimization of TE exhaust generator,...

  7. Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications in Biotechnology. Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications in Biotechnology. Abstract: Graphene...

  8. Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freihaut, Jim

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Mid Atlantic Clean Energy Application Center (MACEAC), managed by The Penn State College of Engineering, serves the six states in the Mid-Atlantic region (Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia) plus the District of Columbia. The goals of the Mid-Atlantic CEAC are to promote the adoption of Combined Heat and Power (CHP), Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) and District Energy Systems (DES) in the Mid Atlantic area through education and technical support to more than 1,200 regional industry and government representatives in the region. The successful promotion of these technologies by the MACEAC was accomplished through the following efforts; (1)The MACEAC developed a series of technology transfer networks with State energy and environmental offices, Association of Energy Engineers local chapters, local community development organizations, utilities and, Penn State Department of Architectural Engineering alumni and their firms to effectively educate local practitioners about the energy utilization, environmental and economic advantages of CHP, WHR and DES; (2) Completed assessments of the regional technical and market potential for CHP, WHR and DE technologies application in the context of state specific energy prices, state energy and efficiency portfolio development. The studies were completed for Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland and included a set of incentive adoption probability models used as a to guide during implementation discussions with State energy policy makers; (3) Using the technical and market assessments and adoption incentive models, the Mid Atlantic CEAC developed regional strategic action plans for the promotion of CHP Application technology for Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland; (4) The CHP market assessment and incentive adoption model information was discussed, on a continuing basis, with relevant state agencies, policy makers and Public Utility Commission organizations resulting in CHP favorable incentive programs in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware; (5) Developed and maintained a MACEAC website to provide technical information and regional CHP, WHR and DE case studies and site profiles for use by interested stakeholders in information transfer and policy discussions; (6) Provided Technical Assistance through feasibility studies and on site evaluations. The MACEAC completed 28 technical evaluations and 9 Level 1 CHP analyses ; and (7) the MACEAC provided Technical Education to the region through a series of 29 workshops and webinars, 37 technical presentations, 14 seminars and participation in 13 CHP conferences.

  9. Kazakhstan receiving acreage applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Kazakhstan is receiving applications for exploration and development rights to large tracts in the central and eastern parts of the republic. The program is part of a country-wide effort to attract more foreign investigators to help underwrite massive industrial privatization aimed at revitalizing Kazakhstan's economy. A delegation of Kazakh officials visited Houston the last week in November to publicize petroleum opportunities in the republic and appeared Dec. 1--2 at a conference to present an overview of Kazakhstan's petroleum prospectivity. Officials also reviewed recently approved legal, financial, and environmental legislation intended to improve the attractiveness of investing in Kazakhstan's energy sector. This paper discusses the status of development, gives a geologic overview, and highlights the geology of the South Torgay and Teniz basins.

  10. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

  11. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  12. Applications -- Science and Engineering Submissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimization Online An E-Print Site for the Optimization Community. Applications -- Science and Engineering submissions; 2000 · 2001 · 2002 · 2003 · 2004 ...

  13. Grant Application Package CFDA Number

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    Grant Application Package CFDA Number: Opportunity Title: Offering Agency: Agency Contact: Opportunity Open Date: Opportunity Close Date: CFDA Description: Opportunity Number: Competition ID

  14. Project Application: Lie Theory and Applications Short description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michor, Peter W.

    Project Application: Lie Theory and Applications Short description Several lines of investigation. Approximations procedures on regular Fr´echet Lie groups aiming towards solving certain non-linear partial differential equations. We want to apply a new approximation procedure to nonlinear partial differential

  15. Application: U.S. Educated Lawyers* Application Deadlines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    ) March 1 ­ Fall Semester (August) A complete application includes: Application Official law school statement that serves as a writing sample and states the reason for pursing an advanced law degree Questions? llm@uh.edu Graduate Legal Studies Phone: 713-743-2890 100 Law Center Houston, Tx. 77204

  16. STUDENT HEARING BOARD 20132014 APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD 2013­2014 APPLICATION INTEGRITY,CIVILITY,&CONDUCT:FOSTERINGASAFECAMPUSCOMMUNITY #12;UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD I 2013­2014 APPLICATION To serve the UMBC community and the individual student by specifying behavioral standards, and by establishing a fair and efficient process

  17. STUDENT HEARING BOARD 20122013 APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD 2012­2013 APPLICATION INTEGRITY,CIVILITY,&CONDUCT:FOSTERINGASAFECAMPUSCOMMUNITY #12;UMBC STUDENT HEARING BOARD I 2012­2013 APPLICATION To serve the UMBC community and the individual student by specifying behavioral standards, and by establishing a fair and efficient process

  18. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA Further copies of this Guide-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP-2010-EU-USA i-stage submission procedures. The main part of this Guide (sections 1 to 5) is common to all such calls. Information

  19. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS HEALTH COLLABORATIVE PROJECT Call identifier: FP7-HEALTH-2010-Alternative: Collaborative projects FP7-HEALTH-2010-Alternative-Testing i About this Guide This is version number 4 of the FP7 Guide for Applicants for calls using single-stage submission procedures. The main part

  20. GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS COLLABORATIVE PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    i GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS NMP COLLABORATIVE PROJECT FP7-NMP-2010-EU-Mexico Further copies the following web-site: http://cordis.europa.eu/ #12;NMP Guide for Applicants: Collaborative projects FP7-NMP using single-stage submission procedures. The main part of this Guide (sections 1 to 5) is common to all

  1. FieldOffice Project # Applicant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Status of Application CDD Barstow CACA 47702 B212 Stirling Energy Systems, Inc. Solar Three 11/15/06 5,994 MUC: Limited & Moderate MILITARY: RED 914 Solar: pending solar thermal Near Pisgah North of I-40 T s Proposed (Mw) Project Type Geographic Area Status of Application CDD Barstow CACA 49357 First Solar

  2. REPORT ON THE APPLICANT The Report on the Applicant (Referee Letter) is a critical part of the NSERC application.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    REPORT ON THE APPLICANT · The Report on the Applicant (Referee Letter) is a critical part of the NSERC application. · Two are required for each application. · The report cannot be completed% Communication, Interpersonal and Leadership Abilities 20% 20% NSERC ­ Report on Applicant (Referee Report) 1 #12

  3. IMPROVED MISCIBLE NITROGEN FLOOD PERFORMANCE UTILIZING ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND HORIZONTAL LATERALS IN A CLASS I RESERVOIR - EAST BINGER (MARCHAND) UNIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Sinner

    2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The first horizontal well ever in the Marchand sandstone has been drilled. Although major difficulties arose with certain aspects of the drilling operation, a horizontal section of approximately 1300 was drilled. The section was left open hole as planned. The shales just above and between the Marchand sands appear to be very water-sensitive, requiring careful drilling practices. These shales were encountered in the middle part of the curve (45{sup o}-60{sup o}), which can be the most difficult part of a directional well to clean. Difficulties with these shales and cleaning this section led to a parted drill string, requiring a sidetrack. There were no major geologic ''surprises'', such as formation tops coming in much shallower or deeper than expected, or unexpected faults. Thin kaolinite beds were encountered in the horizontal section of the well. Previous descriptions of the mineralogy of this formation did not mention any kaolinite. The lateral extent of these beds is unknown. Completion of the well is under way. One additional injection profile was gathered during the quarter. Results are consistent with other recently profiles that show gas within the C Sand is overriding the oil and failing to sweep the deeper parts of the reservoir. International Reservoir Technologies, Inc. has completed the construction of the pilot area reservoir simulation model and the updating of historical production and injection data. They have begun fine-tuning the history match to better match production data and recently acquired pressure and profile data.

  4. IMPROVED MISCIBLE NITROGEN FLOOD PERFORMANCE UTILIZING ADVANCED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND HORIZONTAL LATERALS IN A CLASS I RESERVOIR - EAST BINGER (MARCHAND) UNIT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Sinner

    2003-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementation of the work program of Budget Period 2 of the East Binger Unit (''EBU'') DOE Project continues. Major development work planned for the project includes the drilling of three horizontal production and one vertical injection wells, the conversion of five wells from production to injection service, and the expansion of injection capacity at the nitrogen management facility. Other work items include initiation of project monitoring and continued reservoir simulation. EBU 74G-2, the injection well planned to support the production of EBU 64-3H, has been drilled. Completion was underway at the time of this report. EBU 64-3H was fracture-stimulated during the period, further increasing production from this new horizontal well. Drilling of the final two wells of the pilot project is planned for 2003. Both are planned as horizontal producing wells. Work also began on projects aimed at increasing injection in the pilot area. The project to add compression and increase injection capacity at the nitrogen management facility was initiated, with completion targeted for March 2003. Additional producer-to-injector conversions are expected to be implemented around the same time. The revised history match of the simulation model has been completed, and work has begun to evaluate options with forecast simulations. The quality of the history match is significantly improved over the prior match. The predicted distribution of remaining reserves in the field is significantly changed. Decisions on projects planned for implementation later in Budget Period 2 will be guided by new forecasts.

  5. Laterally Mobile, Functionalized Self-Assembled Monolayers at the Fluorous?Aqueous Interface in a Plug-Based Microfluidic System: Characterization and Testing with Membrane Protein Crystallization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreutz, Jason E.; Li, Liang; Roach, L. Spencer; Hatakeyama, Takuji; Ismagilov, Rustem F.; (UC)

    2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes a method to generate functionalizable, mobile self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) in plug-based microfluidics. Control of interfaces is advancing studies of biological interfaces, heterogeneous reactions, and nanotechnology. SAMs have been useful for such studies, but they are not laterally mobile. Lipid-based methods, though mobile, are not easily amenable to setting up the hundreds of experiments necessary for crystallization screening. Here we demonstrate a method, complementary to current SAM and lipid methods, for rapidly generating mobile, functionalized SAMs. This method relies on plugs, droplets surrounded by a fluorous carrier fluid, to rapidly explore chemical space. Specifically, we implemented his-tag binding chemistry to design a new fluorinated amphiphile, RfNTA, using an improved one-step synthesis of RfOEG under Mitsunobu conditions. RfNTA introduces specific binding of protein at the fluorous-aqueous interface, which concentrates and orients proteins at the interface, even in the presence of other surfactants. We then applied this approach to the crystallization of a his-tagged membrane protein, Reaction Center from Rhodobacter sphaeroides, performed 2400 crystallization trials, and showed that this approach can increase the range of crystal-producing conditions, the success rate at a given condition, the rate of nucleation, and the quality of the crystal formed.

  6. Application for Graduate Admission Supplementary Application Advanced Engineering Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    061) Nuclear Engineering (online) (Z050) Project Management (Z063) Project Management (online) (Z040) Materials Science and Engineering (PMMS) Mechanical Engineering (PMME) Nuclear Engineering (online) (MENUApplication for Graduate Admission Supplementary Application ­ Advanced Engineering Programs Please

  7. Application of industrial heat pumps Proven applications in 2012 for Megawatt+

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Application of industrial heat pumps Proven applications in 2012 for Megawatt+ Heatpumps within a technical, commercial and sustainable framework Application of industrial heat pumps Proven applications Emerson Climate Technologies Core Offerings & Key Brands Residential Heating & Air Conditioning Commercial

  8. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carzaniga, Antonio

    Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di the selection of the correct paradigm for a given distributed application. Keywords Mobile code, design with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

  9. Eigenmode analysis for turbomachinery applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, Mike

    Eigenmode analysis for turbomachinery applications Pierre Moinier , Michael B. Giles Oxford-processing and for the construction of non-reflecting boundary conditions. Introduction Turbomachinery flows are approximately time

  10. Applications of Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, Glen A.; Detwiler, Rebecca S.; Peplowski, Patrick N.

    2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear Resonance Fluorescence (NRF) has the potential of addressing a wide variety of applications, which require isotopic and/or elemental information about a sample. We have investigated a variety of non-proliferation applications that may be addressed by NRF. From these applications, we have selected two, measuring uranium enrichment in UF6 cylinders and material verification in dismantlement, to investigate in more detail. Analytical models have been developed to evaluate these applications, and test measurements have been conducted to validate those models. We found that it is unlikely with current technology to address the requirements for UF6 cylinder enrichment measurements. In contrast, NRF is a very promising approach for material verification for dismantlement.

  11. Sensor applications of carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushfeldt, Scott I

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A search of published research on sensing mechanisms of carbon nanotubes was performed to identify applications in which carbon nanotubes might improve on current sensor technologies, in either offering improved performance, ...

  12. Microelectromechanical systems for biomimetical application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latif, Rhonira

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of adaptive micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device in biologically-inspired cochlear model (cochlear biomodel) has been seen as a preferable approach to mimic closely the human cochlear response. ...

  13. NSED INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    NSED INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information: Name) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Internship Specifics: Have you made or do you plan to make arrangements to receive academic credit for your internship at the Florida Program for Shark Research? Yes___ No___ Requested Dates of Internship (Specific

  14. ISAF INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    ISAF INTERNSHIP APPLICATION General Information: Name) ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Internship Specifics: Have you made or do you plan to make arrangements to receive academic credit for your internship at the Florida Program for Shark Research? Yes___ No___ Requested Dates of Internship (Specific

  15. Calibrating Pesticide Application Ground Equipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Bryan W.

    2000-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This pocket-sized guide gives step-by-step instructions for calibrating ground sprayers. Tables provide instructions, examples and sample formulas for determining speed of application, flow rate and the amount of pesticide to add to the tank....

  16. Graduate Kentucky Metropolitan Rate Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, John

    Graduate Kentucky Metropolitan Rate Application REGISTRAR'S OFFICE University of Cincinnati PO Box Kentucky counties are able to attend UC at an established metropolitan tuition rate. Non Kentucky residency, these students are not eligible for the graduate metropolitan rate. Kentucky counties

  17. Vortex Characterization for Engineering Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jankun-Kelly, M; Thompson, D S; Jiang, M; Shannahan, B; Machiraju, R

    2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Realistic engineering simulation data often have features that are not optimally resolved due to practical limitations on mesh resolution. To be useful to application engineers, vortex characterization techniques must be sufficiently robust to handle realistic data with complex vortex topologies. In this paper, we present enhancements to the vortex topology identification component of an existing vortex characterization algorithm. The modified techniques are demonstrated by application to three realistic data sets that illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of our approach.

  18. Localization of eigenvalues with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiegel, Charlotte Nyquist de

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LOCALIZATION OF EIGENVALUES WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by CHARLOTTE NYQUIST DE SPIEGEL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1975... Major Subject: Mathematics LOCALIZATION OP EIGENVALUES WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by CHARLOTTE NYQUIST DE SPIEGEL Approved as to style and content by: ca% (Head of Department) gr (Member (Memb a (g December 1975 AB STRACT Localization...

  19. Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ammar, Thoraya [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rio, Alan [King's College Hospital, Department of Dietetics (United Kingdom); Ampong, Mary Ann [King's College Hospital, Department of Neurosciences (United Kingdom); Sidhu, Paul S., E-mail: paulsidhu@nhs.ne [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

  20. Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines Energy Department Accepting Small Business Grant Applications for Large Wind Turbines November...

  1. IT Specialist (Systems Analysis/Applications Software)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The incumbent in this position will serve as a Senior IT Specialist (Systems Analysis/Applications Support) and Technical Lead in the Enterprise Applications Support organization of Software...

  2. Applications for cyber security - System and application monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marron, J. E. [Invensys Process Systems, 33 Commercial Street, Foxboro, MA 02035 (United States)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Standard network security measures are adequate for defense against external attacks. However, many experts agree that the greater threat is from internal sources. Insiders with malicious intentions can change controller instructions, change alarm thresholds, and issue commands to equipment which can damage equipment and compromise control system integrity. In addition to strict physical security the state of the system must be continually monitored. System and application monitoring goes beyond the capabilities of network security appliances. It will include active processes, operating system services, files, network adapters and IP addresses. The generation of alarms is a crucial feature of system and application monitoring. The alarms should be integrated to avoid the burden on operators of checking multiple locations for security violations. Tools for system and application monitoring include commercial software, free software, and ad-hoc tools that can be easily created. System and application monitoring is part of a 'defense-in-depth' approach to a control network security plan. Layered security measures prevent an individual security measure failure from being exploited into a successful security breach. Alarming of individual failures is essential for rapid isolation and correction of single failures. System and application monitoring is the innermost layer of this defense strategy. (authors)

  3. Improved Miscible Nitrogen Flood Performance Utilizing Advanced Reservoir Characterization and Horizontal Laterals in a Class I Reservoir - East Binger (Marchand) Unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joe Sinner

    2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE-sponsored project at the East Binger Unit is an investigation into the benefits of reservoir characterization and horizontal wells in this particular setting of geologic and recovery method. The geologic setting is a tight (average porosity of 7% and average permeability of less than 1 millidarcy) Pennsylvanian-age sandstone at about 10,000 feet, and the recovery method is a miscible nitrogen flood. The projected oil recovery of the East Binger Unit, prior to the initiation of this project, was about 25%. Gravity segregation of nitrogen and crude oil was believed to be the principal cause of the poor sweep efficiency, and it was envisioned that with horizontal producing wells in the lower portion of the reservoir and horizontal injection wells near the top, the process could be converted from a lateral displacement process to a vertical displacement/gravity assisted process. Through the characterization and field development work completed in Budget Periods 1 and 2, Binger Operations, LLC (BOL) has developed a different interpretation of the sweep problem as well as a different approach to improving recovery. The sweep problem is now believed to be one of an areal nature, due to a combination of natural and hydraulic fracturing. Vertical wells have provided a much better economic return than have the horizontal wells. The natural and hydraulic fracturing manifests itself as a direction of higher permeability, and the flood is being converted to a line drive flood aligned with this orientation. Consistent with this concept, horizontal wells have been drilled along the line of the fracture orientation, such that hydraulic fracturing leads to 'longitudinal' fractures, in line with the wellbore. As such, the hydraulically fractured horizontal wells are not significantly different than hydraulically fractured vertical wells - save for the potential for a much longer fracture face. This Topical Report contains data from new wells, plus new and updated production, pressure, and gas analysis data that was not included in the Topical Report provided at the end of Budget Period 1. The analysis and interpretation of these data are provided in the many technical reports submitted throughout this project.

  4. Review 2 Math 266 Spring 2001 APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkerson, Clarence

    . For what value of t does y(t) = 3? 2. A thermometer reads 36 when it is moved into a 70 room. Five minutes later the thermometer reads 50 . Find the thermometer reading t minutes after it is moved into the room

  5. SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS MS-EPS APPLICANT INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS MS-EPS APPLICANT INFORMATION PERSONAL INFORMATION (please type or print application requirements, applicants to the Master of Science in Environmental Policy Studies (MS-EPS) program applicants must submit a Personal Statement that outlines how the MS-EPS program will meet a candidate

  6. http://hpc.sagepub.com Computing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duisburg-Essen, Universität

    .1177/1094342007085025 2008; 22; 33International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications and �mit �atalyürek Chow://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:International Journal of High Performance Computing ApplicationsAdditional services/L APPLICATIONS The International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications, Volume 22, No. 1, Spring

  7. Journey to Leadership Certificate Program Application

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Application packet for Journey to Leadership Certificate Program Pilot course, includes description.

  8. Update on mobile applications in dermatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Shivani; Eluri, Madhu; Boyers, Lindsay N; Karimkhani, Chante; Dellavalle, Robert

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mobile application devices surpassed personal computers foruse of mobile devices surpasses that of personal computers,

  9. BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF DIGITAL AUTORADIOGRAPHY WITH A MWPC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellazzini, R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBL-13772 Biomedical Applications of Digital Autoradiographya very useful detector for biomedical applications. Compared

  10. Determination of lateral size distribution of type-II ZnTe/ZnSe stacked submonolayer quantum dots via spectral analysis of optical signature of the Aharanov-Bohm excitons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ji, Haojie; Dhomkar, Siddharth; Roy, Bidisha; Kuskovsky, Igor L. [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Shuvayev, Vladimir [Department of Physics, Queens College of CUNY, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); Deligiannakis, Vasilios; Tamargo, Maria C. [The Graduate Center of CUNY, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Department of Chemistry, City College of CUNY, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Ludwig, Jonathan [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Smirnov, Dmitry [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Tallahassee, Florida 32310 (United States); Wang, Alice [Evans Analytical Group, Sunnyvale, California 94086 (United States)

    2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    For submonolayer quantum dot (QD) based photonic devices, size and density of QDs are critical parameters, the probing of which requires indirect methods. We report the determination of lateral size distribution of type-II ZnTe/ZnSe stacked submonolayer QDs, based on spectral analysis of the optical signature of Aharanov-Bohm (AB) excitons, complemented by photoluminescence studies, secondary-ion mass spectroscopy, and numerical calculations. Numerical calculations are employed to determine the AB transition magnetic field as a function of the type-II QD radius. The study of four samples grown with different tellurium fluxes shows that the lateral size of QDs increases by just 50%, even though tellurium concentration increases 25-fold. Detailed spectral analysis of the emission of the AB exciton shows that the QD radii take on only certain values due to vertical correlation and the stacked nature of the QDs.

  11. MATLAB Applications in Chemical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Juhani, Abdulhadi A.

    MATLAB® Applications in Chemical Engineering James A. Carnell North Carolina State University MATLAB is a powerful code-based mathematical and engineering calculation program. It performs all introduction to MATLAB in chemical engineering, and in no way attempts to be a comprehensive MATLAB learning

  12. Optical Solitons and their applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palffy-Muhoray, Peter

    Optical Solitons and their applications By: Mohammad Nopoush Supervisor: Professor Palffy-Muhoray #12;Definition Optical: Non-changing optical field during propagation due to delicate balance between nonlinear and linear effects. Nonlinear effects: Due to the optical Kerr effect (AC Kerr effect

  13. Fraunhofer ISST CLOUD COMPUTING APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    #12;© Fraunhofer ISST Fraunhofer Innovation Cluster »Cloud Computing for Logistics« Budget 3 * 3 Mio© Fraunhofer ISST CLOUD COMPUTING APPLICATIONS FOR LOGISTICS Jakob Rehof Professor, Chair of Software Engineering, Technical University of Dortmund Director, Fraunhofer-ISST Dortmund and Berlin First

  14. Student Exhibition Application Dodd Galleries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Student Exhibition Application Dodd Galleries Proposals due: January 23, 2015 The Lamar Dodd School of Art Galleries is looking for innovative, dynamic exhibition proposals from students for the 2015-2016 academic year. Students are encouraged to submit proposals for several gallery spaces (or self

  15. Energy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu?trek, Mitja

    and against the SenseWear, a dedicated commercial product for energy expenditure estimation. Keywords: humanEnergy Expenditure Estimation DEMO Application Bozidara Cvetkovi´c1,2 , Simon Kozina1,2 , Bostjan://www.mps.si Abstract. The paper presents two prototypes for the estimation of hu- man energy expenditure during normal

  16. Iris: The VAO SED Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doe, Stephen; Busko, Ivo; D'Abrusco, Raffaele; Cresitello-Dittmar, Mark; Ebert, Richard; Evans, Janet; Laurino, Omar; McDowell, Jonathan; Pevunova, Olga; Refsdal, Brian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present Iris, the VAO (Virtual Astronomical Observatory) application for analyzing SEDs (spectral energy distributions). Iris is the result of one of the major science initiatives of the VAO, and the first version was released in September 2011. Iris combines key features of several existing software applications to streamline and enhance SED analysis. With Iris, users may read and display SEDs, select data ranges for analysis, fit models to SEDs, and calculate confidence limits on best-fit parameters. SED data may be uploaded into the application from IVOA-compliant VOTable and FITS format files, or retrieved directly from NED. Data written in unsupported formats may be converted using SedImporter, a new application provided with Iris. The components of Iris have been contributed by members of the VAO. Specview, contributed by STScI, provides a GUI for reading, editing, and displaying SEDs, as well as defining models and parameter values. Sherpa, contributed by the Chandra project at SAO, provides a libra...

  17. Fuel Station Procedure Applicability All

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Paul A.

    Fuel Station Procedure Applicability All Last Revised 11/20/12 Procedure Owner Andrew Grant agrant for the purchasing and distribution of fuel for vehicles owned by Bowling Green State University (BGSU). This centralization is important to ensure compliance for BGSU employees who use the centralized fuel station and fuel

  18. Updated January 2013 Student Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    : ___________ About Your Proposed Project (cannot exceed $750 total, travel & supplies/materials) Project Title with this Faculty Mentor? Yes No Special Features of Your Project Check all of the following that are applicable to your proposal. 1. Does your proposed project use non-human animals of any kind? Yes No 2. Does your

  19. July 28, 2010 Application for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    July 28, 2010 Application for: City of Sebastopol Locally Adopted Energy Standards From: Glenn Schainblatt, Building Official C.B.O. City of Sebastopol 7425 Bodega Avenue Sebastopol, CA 95472 (707) 823 of measures and cost analysis Cost Effectiveness Conclusion #12;3 Ordinance Summary The City of Sebastopol

  20. Efficient Applications in User Transparent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seinstra, Frank J.

    Chapter 7 Efficient Applications in User Transparent Parallel Image Processing "Thy will by my parallel image processing. First, in Chapter 2 we have discussed the need for the availability is a sustainable software library consisting of an extensive set of operations commonly applied in state

  1. Internship Program Academic Credit Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    Internship Program Academic Credit Application #12;Dear Intern, Congratulations on receiving an internship offer! Students wishing to receive academic credit for an internship must meet certain an internship through a listing provided by the University of Memphis (i.e. eRecruiting) does not automatically

  2. CMST 492: Internship Internship Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    CMST 492: Internship Internship Application In order to apply for entrance into CMST 492, please complete this form and submit it along with a current resume to Heather Tidwell, Internship Coordinator the number of hours that you will be working per week at your internship 1 credit hour 6 intern hours 2

  3. Applications of Continuum Shell Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Volya

    2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear many-body problem at the limits of stability is considered in the framework of the Continuum Shell Model that allows a unified description of intrinsic structure and reactions. Technical details behind the method are highlighted and practical applications combining the reaction and structure pictures are presented.

  4. Undergraduate Kentucky Metropolitan Rate Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco, John

    Undergraduate Kentucky Metropolitan Rate Application REGISTRAR'S OFFICE University of Cincinnati PO@ucmail.uc.edu Undergraduate residents of specified counties in Kentucky, who are matriculated in degree or certificate requirement to establish Kentucky residency, these students are not eligible for the undergraduate

  5. Design principle and calculations of a Scheffler fixed focus concentrator for medium temperature applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munir, A.; Hensel, O. [Department of Agricultural Engineering,University of Kassel, Nordbahnhofstr. 1 a 37213 Witzenhausen (Germany); Scheffler, W. [Solar Bruecke G.v.Werdenbergstr.6 D-89344 Aislingen (Germany)

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Scheffler fixed focus concentrators are successfully used for medium temperature applications in different parts of the world. These concentrators are taken as lateral sections of paraboloids and provide fixed focus away from the path of incident beam radiations throughout the year. The paper presents a complete description about the design principle and construction details of an 8 m{sup 2} surface area Scheffler concentrator. The first part of the paper presents the mathematical calculations to design the reflector parabola curve and reflector elliptical frame with respect to equinox (solar declination = 0) by selecting a specific lateral part of a paraboloid. Crossbar equations and their ellipses, arc lengths and their radii are also calculated to form the required lateral section of the paraboloid. Thereafter, the seasonal parabola equations are calculated for two extreme positions of summer and winter in the northern hemisphere (standing reflectors). The slopes of the parabola equations for equinox (solar declination = 0), summer (solar declination = +23.5) and winter (solar declination = -23.5) for the Scheffler reflector (8 m{sup 2} surface area) are calculated to be 0.17, 0.28, and 0.13 respectively. The y-intercepts of the parabola equations for equinox, summer and winter are calculated as 0, 0.54, and -0.53 respectively. By comparing with the equinox parabola curve, the summer parabola is found to be smaller in size and uses the top part of the parabola curve while the winter parabola is bigger in size and uses the lower part of the parabola curve to give the fixed focus. For this purpose, the reflector assembly is composed of flexible crossbars and a frame to induce the required change of the parabola curves with the changing solar declination. The paper also presents the calculation procedure of seasonal parabola equations for standing reflectors in the southern hemisphere as well as for laying reflectors in the northern and southern hemispheres. Highly reflective aluminium sheets are used on the crossbar profiles to complete the concentrator. The reflector is installed at the required site by setting its axis of rotation at an angle equal to the latitude of the site. For daily tracking, these concentrators rotate along an axis parallel to the polar axis of the earth at an angular velocity of one revolution per day with the help of simpler and cheaper self-tracking devices. For seasonal tracking, the reflector rotates at half the solar declination angle with the help of a telescopic clamp mechanism. The design procedure is simple, flexible and does not need any special computational setup, thus offering the prospect of potential application in domestic as well as industrial configurations. (author)

  6. Applicant Accepts Application Instructions Page 1 Sustainable Energy Revolving Loan Fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    _________________ Applicant Accepts Application Instructions Page 1 Sustainable Energy Revolving Loan Fund INFORMATION & INSTRUCTIONS FOR APPLICANTS Introduction The Sustainable Energy Revolving Loan sustainable energy projects at Oregon State University. Projects should provide student learning opportunities

  7. Paul S. Gravel Federal Internship Application Page 1 Paul S. Gravel Federal Internship Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Paul S. Gravel Federal Internship Application Page 1 Paul S. Gravel Federal Internship Application Internship Application Page 2 Title or Position are you interested in participating in a summer internship

  8. APPLICATION COMPONENTS All QuestBridge applicants are free to apply to Rice with the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    of the student's choosing. Applicants to the natural sciences and engineering schools must take advanced high process examines an applicant's academic prowess, creativity, motivation, artistic talent, leadership

  9. applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption byAbout SRNL HomeYoung InventorNothing AboutPowerupdated:IBM

  10. Application

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone by E-mailRadioimmunotherapy of Cancers.Appendix

  11. Technology applications bulletins: Number one

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koncinski, W. Jr. (ed.)

    1989-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), operates five facilities for the US Department of Energy (DOE): the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), which is a large, multidisciplinary research and development (R and D) center whose primary mission is energy research; the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, which engages in defense research, development, and production; and the uranium-enrichment plants at Oak Ridge; Paducah, Kentucky; and Portsmouth, Ohio. Much of the research carried out at these facilities is of interest to industry and to state or local governments. To make information about this research available, the Energy Systems Office of Technology Applications publishes brief descriptions of selected technologies and reports. These technology applications bulletins describe the new technology and inform the reader about how to obtain further information, gain access to technical resources, and initiate direct contact with Energy Systems researchers.

  12. Homeland Security and Defense Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2014-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Homeland Security and Defense Applications personnel are the best in the world at detecting and locating dirty bombs, loose nukes, and other radiological sources. The site trains the Nation's emergency responders, who would be among the first to confront a radiological or nuclear emergency. Homeland Security and Defense Applications highly training personnel, characterize the threat environment, produce specialized radiological nuclear detection equipment, train personnel on the equipment and its uses, test and evaluate the equipment, and develop different kinds of high-tech equipment to defeat terrorists. In New York City for example, NNSS scientists assisted in characterizing the radiological nuclear environment after 9/11, and produced specialized radiological nuclear equipment to assist local officials in their Homeland Security efforts.

  13. Homeland Security and Defense Applications

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Homeland Security and Defense Applications personnel are the best in the world at detecting and locating dirty bombs, loose nukes, and other radiological sources. The site trains the Nation's emergency responders, who would be among the first to confront a radiological or nuclear emergency. Homeland Security and Defense Applications highly training personnel, characterize the threat environment, produce specialized radiological nuclear detection equipment, train personnel on the equipment and its uses, test and evaluate the equipment, and develop different kinds of high-tech equipment to defeat terrorists. In New York City for example, NNSS scientists assisted in characterizing the radiological nuclear environment after 9/11, and produced specialized radiological nuclear equipment to assist local officials in their Homeland Security efforts.

  14. Panel 4 - applications to transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Au, J. [Sundstrand Aerospace, Rockford, IL (United States); Bhattacharya, R. [Universal Energy Systems, Inc., Dayton, OH (United States); Bhushan, B. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus (United States); Blunier, D. [Caterpillar, Inc., Peoria, IL (United States); Boardman, B. [Deere & Co., Moline, IL (United States); Brombolich, L. [Compu-Tec Engineering, Chesterfield, MO (United States); Davidson, J. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Graham, M. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Hakim, N. [Detroit Diesel Corp., MI (United States); Harris, K. [Dubbeldee Harris Diamond Corp., Mt. Arlington, NJ (United States); Hay, R. [Norton Diamond Film, Northboro, MA (United States); Herk, L. [Southwest Research Inst., Southfield, MI (United States); Hojnacki, H.; Rourk, D. [Intelligent Structures Incorporated, Canton, MI (United States); Kamo, R. [Adiabatics, Inc., Columbus, IN (United States); Nieman, B. [Allied-Signal Inc., Des Plaines, IL (United States); O`Neill, D. [3M, St. Paul, MN (United States); Peterson, M.B. [Wear Sciences, Arnold, MD (United States); Pfaffenberger, G. [Allison Gas Turbine, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Pryor, R.W. [Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI (United States); Russell, J. [Superconductivity Publications, Inc., Somerset, NJ (United States); Syniuta, W. [Advanced Mechanical Technology, Inc., Newton, MA (United States); Tamor, M. [Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, MI (United States); Vojnovich, T. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Yarbrough, W. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park (United States); Yust, C.S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this group was to compile a listing of current and anticipated future problem areas in the transportation industry where the properties of diamond and DLC films make them especially attractive and where the panel could strongly endorse the establishment of DOE/Transportation Industry cooperative research efforts. This section identifies the problem areas for possible applications of diamond/DLC technology and presents indications of current approaches to these problems.

  15. Application Process | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEF HISTORYAgencyLocal|AnnualApplication Process

  16. The Economics of Antifoulant Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegell, J. H.

    foul ant application are evaluated based on the optimum exchanger cleaning interval. Sensitivities to antifou1ant effectiveness are calculated and procedures which can be used to evaluate the economic optimum use of anti foul ants are described.... This fouling effect can be somewhat mitigated by periodic chemical or mechanical cleaning of the heat exchanger surface, and by the addition of antifou1ants. The typical decay in heat recovery capability due to fouling and restoration after heat exchanger...

  17. Transportation Analysis, Modeling, and Simulation (TAMS) Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation Analysis, Modeling, and Simulation (TAMS) Application Center for Transportation Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies T he Center for Transportation Analysis (CTA) TAMS application is a web-based tool that supports

  18. PROJECT COMPLETION REPORT MAGNETOTELLURICS -APPLICATION TO RESOURCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harinarayana, T.

    /LITHOSPHERE, IMPROVEMENT OF TECHNIQUES OF DATA ACQUISITION AND INTERPRETATION MLP-5103-28 (THN) NATIONAL GEOPHYSICALPROJECT COMPLETION REPORT MAGNETOTELLURICS - APPLICATION TO RESOURCE EXPLORATION, STUDIES OF CRUST;1 PROJECT COMPLETION REPORT Of MAGNETOTELLURICS ­ APPLICATION TO RESOURCE EXPLORATION, STUDIES OF CRUST

  19. Sensing Applications of Fluctuations and Noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Hung-Chih

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Noise and time-dependent fluctuations are usually undesirable signals. However, they have many applications. This dissertation deals with two kinds of sensing applications of fluctuation and noise: soil bulk density assessment and bacterium sensing...

  20. Automated intrusion recovery for web applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandra, Ramesh, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this dissertation, we develop recovery techniques for web applications and demonstrate that automated recovery from intrusions and user mistakes is practical as well as effective. Web applications play a critical role ...

  1. Technology Application Centers: Facilitating Technology Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhel, G. J.

    transfer plus technology application. A&C Enercom has learned from experience that technology deployment will not occur unless utilities achieve both technology transfer (e.g, the dissemination of information) and technology application (e.g., the direct...

  2. Science and applications of infrared semiconductor nanocrystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geyer, Scott Mitchell

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we study several applications of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) with infrared band gaps. In the first half, we explore the physics of two systems with applications in NC based photovoltaics. The physics of ...

  3. Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carzaniga, Antonio

    Designing Distributed Applications with Mobile Code Paradigms Antonio Carzaniga Politecnico di code, design paradigms, distributed applica­ tions. INTRODUCTION Distributed systems have been with the design of distributed applications, that aims at identifying the distributable components

  4. Application-level caching with transactional consistency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ports, Dan R. K. (Dan Robert Kenneth)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed in-memory application data caches like memcached are a popular solution for scaling database-driven web sites. These systems increase performance significantly by reducing load on both the database and application ...

  5. Climate Action Champions Request for Applications | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Climate Action Champions Request for Applications Climate Action Champions Request for Applications October 27, 2014 5:00PM EDT Climate Action Champions On Oct. 1, 2014, the Obama...

  6. http://hpc.sagepub.com Computing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zender, Charles

    .1177/1094342007083802 2007; 21; 485International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications Charles S. Zender://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:International Journal of High Performance Computing ApplicationsAdditional services

  7. 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    EPG 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Spectral Analysis of Power Grid PMU Data - Ning Zhou, PNNL 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - IEEE-IEC...

  8. ENGINEERING AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS OF COMPLEMENTARITY PROBLEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferris, Michael C.

    ENGINEERING AND ECONOMIC APPLICATIONS OF COMPLEMENTARITY PROBLEMS M. C. FERRIS AND J. S. PANG SIAM problems, variational inequalities, frictional contact, structural engineering, economic equilibria, the subject of complementarity problems, with its diverse applications in engineering, economics, and sciences

  9. MAPS BETWEEN CLASSIFYING SPACES AND APPLICATIONS by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notbohm, Dietrich

    MAPS BETWEEN CLASSIFYING SPACES AND APPLICATIONS space map(BG, BH) can be reduced to the case of simply connected Lie groups. Th* *is reduc- tion method allows some applications. For example a homotopy classificatio* *n of self maps BG

  10. Functionalization and applications of carbon nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnorr, Jan M. (Jan Markus)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) possess a unique set of electrical and mechanical properties and have been used in a variety of applications. In this thesis, we explore strategies to functionalize CNTs as well as applications which ...

  11. Titanium metal: extraction to application

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gambogi, Joseph (USGS, Reston, VA); Gerdemann, Stephen J.

    2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1998, approximately 57,000 tons of titanium metal was consumed in the form of mill products (1). Only about 5% of the 4 million tons of titanium minerals consumed each year is used to produce titanium metal, with the remainder primarily used to produce titanium dioxide pigment. Titanium metal production is primarily based on the direct chlorination of rutile to produce titanium tetrachloride, which is then reduced to metal using the Kroll magnesium reduction process. The use of titanium is tied to its high strength-to-weight ratio and corrosion resistance. Aerospace is the largest application for titanium. In this paper, we discuss all aspects of the titanium industry from ore deposits through extraction to present and future applications. The methods of both primary (mining of ore, extraction, and purification) and secondary (forming and machining) operations will be analyzed. The chemical and physical properties of titanium metal will be briefly examined. Present and future applications for titanium will be discussed. Finally, the economics of titanium metal production also are analyzed as well as the advantages and disadvantages of various alternative extraction methods.

  12. Laser Doppler sensor employing a single fan-shaped interference fringe system for distance and shape measurement of laterally moving objects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfister, Thorsten; Buettner, Lars; Czarske, Juergen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For monitoring the position and shape of fast moving and, especially, rotating objects such as turbo machine rotors, contactless and compact sensors with a high measurement rate as well as high precision are required. We present for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a novel laser Doppler sensor employing a single fan-shaped interference fringe system, which allows measuring for the position and shape of fast moving solid bodies with known tangential velocity. It is shown theoretically as well as experimentally that this sensor offers concurrently high position resolution and high temporal resolution in contrast to conventional measurement techniques, since its measurement uncertainty is, in principle, independent of the object velocity. Moreover, it can be built very compact, because it features low complexity. To prove its operational capability and its potential for practical applications, radial and axial shape measurements of rotating bodies are demonstrated in comparison with triangulation. An average position resolution of about 2 {mu}m could be achieved.

  13. College of Engineering Coop Program Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A resume is not a requirement to complete this application. If you already have a resume prepared, please

  14. College of Engineering Coop Program Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for spring semester A resume is not a requirement to complete this application. If you already have a resume

  15. American University of Beirut Application for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shihadeh, Alan

    to the applicant's name, to HSBC Bank Ras Beirut Branch, Bank Swift Code BBMELBBX, Bank Routing Number: 0070031

  16. M.A. POLITICAL SCIENCE Application Checklist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    M.A. POLITICAL SCIENCE Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application below. 6. Applicants to the M.A. Political Science Program normally should have a four-year baccalaureate degree in Political Science. UNBC and the Political Science Program are committed

  17. Guidelines for Applicants For Academic Positions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HR27 1008 Guidelines for Applicants For Academic Positions In assessing applications for academic; review articles in books or journals of recognised international standing; invitations to address the application. Normally this should not be more than five pages long. · Academic and Professional Leadership

  18. QIP Short Term Course Application of Renewable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, M. Jagadesh

    QIP Short Term Course on Application of Renewable Energy sources (December 11-17, 2013) Course mitigation and credit · PV modules/arrays · Batteries · Hybrid systems (wind, hydro etc.) · Life cycle cost:gntiwari@ces.iitd.ernet.in Application Form QIP Short-Term Course on Applications of Renewable Energy Sources (December 11-17, 2013) Name

  19. STUDENTS CROSSING BORDERS (SCB) COMMUNITY APPLICATION FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanchette, Robert A.

    STUDENTS CROSSING BORDERS (SCB) COMMUNITY APPLICATION FORM The Students Crossing Borders community of Minnesota. This document is a supplemental application for the SCB community only. Current U of M Housing this application to: scb@umn.edu or Students Crossing Borders c/o Kevin Dostal Dauer Comstock Hall East 210

  20. Facebook Application for Place Recommendation . . 40002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Runapongsa, Kanda

    Facebook Application for Place Recommendation 1 , 2 1,2 . . 40002 E-mail: 1,2 pjiranuwatt. This article proposes a Facebook application that recommends places based on the number of check is gathered via Facebook API requests. The experimental results of the developed Facebook application show

  1. MSW SOCIAL WORK -Application Checklist (Last updated: April 7, 2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    MSW SOCIAL WORK - Application Checklist (Last updated: April 7, 2014) IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Applicants Application Statement of Academic Interests: Your academic interests and ambitions, reasons for applying MSW

  2. SC11 Education Program Applications due July 31

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SC11 Education Program Applications due July 31 SC11 Education Program Applications due July 31 June 9, 2011 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) Applications for the Education...

  3. DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications.

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications DLFM library tools for large scale dynamic applications Large scale Python and other dynamic applications may spend huge...

  4. Application for Permit to Construct Access Driveway Facilities...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ROW Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- Permit ApplicationPermit Application: Application for Permit to Construct Access Driveway...

  5. Proposed Data Elements for PARS II Web Application | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Proposed Data Elements for PARS II Web Application Proposed Data Elements for PARS II Web Application Proposed Data Elements for PARS II Web Application More Documents &...

  6. Advanced Boost System Development for Diesel HCCI/LTC Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Boost System Development for Diesel HCCILTC Application Advanced Boost System Development for Diesel HCCILTC Application Optimization of a turbocharger for high EGR applications...

  7. Web Machines : a new platform for application construction and execution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Robert A., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's world, computer application platforms are becoming increasingly important in providing positive application end-user and developer experiences. While there are many successful application platforms available, ...

  8. Climate Action Champions Request for Applications Informational Webinar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This Webinar will provide prospective Applicants with an overview of the Climate Actions Champions Request for Applications, the application process and respond to questions posed by attendees.

  9. Comparison of FMS versus TDMS applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werner, N.E.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A business application which uses forms management is described. The screen format, data dictionary, dataflow diagrams, minispecs, and structured design chart are included to provide the description of this application. It is implemented using TDMS and FMS in separate applications. Examples of code are included showing both methods of implementation. Finally, a comparison of FMS features and TDMS features is done, indicating that the nature of the application and also the environment under which the application will be used and maintained dictates which form product would be more suitable.

  10. Solar photovoltaics for development applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepperd, L.W. [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States)] [Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (United States); Richards, E.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document introduces photovoltaic technology to individuals and groups specializing in development activities. Examples of actual installations illustrate the many services supplied by photovoltaic systems in development applications, including water pumping, lighting, health care, refrigeration, communications, and a variety of productive uses. The various aspects of the technology are explored to help potential users evaluate whether photovoltaics can assist them in achieving their organizational goals. Basic system design, financing techniques, and the importance of infrastructure are included, along with additional sources of information and major US photovoltaic system suppliers.

  11. Tantalum; Processing, properties and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kock, W. (Institute of Extractive Metallurgy of Nonferrous Metals (AT)); Paschen, P. (Leoben Mining Univ. (AT))

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tantalum - the Earth's 49th most abundant element - is frequently produced as a by-product of tin smelting. The metal is also extracted from concentrates by reduction with sodium or fused-salt electrolysis; tantalum carbide is produced by carburization of Ta/sub 2/O/sub 5/ or tantalum hydride. Sintering, electric-arc melting and electron-beam melting are used to refine and purify raw tantalum. Tantalum's unique properties make it suitable for a number of diverse applications, including capacitors, chemical equipment, hard-metal tooling and alloys. Tantalum consumption is expected to increase in the capacitor market, because of the demand for electronics equipment.

  12. Radar polarimetry for geoscience applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elachi, C.; Kuga, Y.; McDonald, K.; Sarabandi, K.; Ulaby, F.T.; Whitt, M.; Zebker, H.; van Zyl, J.J.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A source book for remote sensing and radar design engineers, this text covers wave polarization, polarization synthesis, scattering matrices, SAR polarization systems, and an array of applications It covers: an introduction to the different mathematical representations used to describe scattering properties, a review of scatterometer system design and calibration techniques for use in polarimetric measurements, a study of specific polarimetric radar systems, such as the shuttle imaging radar C (SIR-C), that includes calibration and compression techniques, data processing guidelines, and design approaches.

  13. Application Components | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (April 2012) 1Annual Fuel Economy GuideHow to Apply » Application

  14. Midwest Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cuttica, John; Haefke, Cliff

    2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Midwest Clean Energy Application Center (CEAC) was one of eight regional centers that promoted and assisted in transforming the market for combined heat and power (CHP), waste heat to power (WHP), and district energy (DE) technologies and concepts throughout the United States between October 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013. The key services the CEACs provided included: ? Market Opportunity Analyses – Supporting analyses of CHP market opportunities in diverse markets including industrial, federal, institutional, and commercial sectors. ? Education and Outreach – Providing information on the energy and non-energy benefits and applications of CHP to state and local policy makers, regulators, energy end-users, trade associations and others. Information was shared on the Midwest CEAC website: www.midwestcleanergy.org. ? Technical Assistance – Providing technical assistance to end-users and stakeholders to help them consider CHP, waste heat to power, and/or district energy with CHP in their facility and to help them through the project development process from initial CHP screening to installation. The Midwest CEAC provided services to the Midwest Region that included the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

  15. U.S. Naval war College Application | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    College Application U.S. Naval war College Application U.S. Naval War College Civilian Student Application. Naval War College Application More Documents & Publications DOE F 471.1...

  16. Optical Properties and Potential Applications of Doped Semiconductor...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Optical Properties and Potential Applications of Doped Semiconductor Nanoparticles. Optical Properties and Potential Applications of Doped Semiconductor Nanoparticles. Abstract:...

  17. NSLS-II HIGH LEVEL APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND CLIENT API DESIGN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, G.; Yang; L.; Shroff; K.

    2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the developers of APIs and how to use them to form a physics application to the users. For example, how the channels are related to magnet and what the current real-time setting of a magnet is in physics unit are the internals of APIs. Measuring chromaticities are the users of APIs. All the users of APIs are working with magnet and instrument names in a physics unit. The low level communications in current or voltage unit are minimized. In this paper, we discussed our recent progress of our infrastructure development, and client API.

  18. Applications of solar reforming technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spiewak, I. [Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovoth (Israel); Tyner, C.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Langnickel, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Koeln (Germany)

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research in recent years has demonstrated the efficient use of solar thermal energy for driving endothermic chemical reforming reactions in which hydrocarbons are reacted to form synthesis gas (syngas). Closed-loop reforming/methanation systems can be used for storage and transport of process heat and for short-term storage for peaking power generation. Open-loop systems can be used for direct fuel production; for production of syngas feedstock for further processing to specialty chemicals and plastics and bulk ammonia, hydrogen, and liquid fuels; and directly for industrial processes such as iron ore reduction. In addition, reforming of organic chemical wastes and hazardous materials can be accomplished using the high-efficiency destruction capabilities of steam reforming. To help identify the most promising areas for future development of this technology, we discuss in this paper the economics and market potential of these applications.

  19. WIPP WAC REV. 5 applicability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bisping, R.L. [U.S. Dept. of Energy, Carlsbad, NM (United States); Kelley, C.R.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is preparing for disposal operations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in 1998. WIPP is a deep geological repository designed for the safe and efficient disposal of transuranic (TRU) wastes. The Waste Acceptance Criteria (WAC) for WIPP were initially developed by a DOE steering committee in 1980. Revision 5 reflects the latest negotiations and permit requirements from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the State of New Mexico Environment Department (NMED), and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The regulatory requirements are combined with the requirements derived from the WIPP safety analysis performed for disposal operations and the original criteria established for safe waste handling operations. The WIPP WAC provides a comprehensive overview of the requirements and basis for developing waste acceptance criteria to meet today`s rules and regulations for transportation and disposal of TRU wastes. The authors believe that it is a comprehensive criteria and a guidance manual for generator/storage sites who must characterize and certify TRU waste for disposal at WIPP. It also provides valuable insight to future projects that may develop their own waste acceptance criteria. The WIPP WAC presents the requirements from the following sources: 1) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Permit Application; 2) Land Disposal No-migration Variance Petition; 3) 40 CFR 191 Draft Compliance Certification Application; 4) Certificate of Compliance (C of C) from the NRC for a Type B shipping container; 5) Federal Land Withdrawal Act for WIPP; WIPP Safety Analysis Report; 7) WIPP System Design Descriptions (SDDs). The WIPP WAC combines operations and nuclear safety requirements with transportation and hazardous waste regulatory requirements to provide a comprehensive set of criteria and requirements that ensure the safe disposal of TRU waste.

  20. Secure coprocessing applications and research issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, S.W.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential of secure coprocessing to address many emerging security challenges and to enable new applications has been a long-standing interest of many members of the Computer Research and Applications Group, including this author. The purpose of this paper is to summarize this thinking, by presenting a taxonomy of some potential applications and by summarizing what we regard as some particularly interesting research questions.

  1. DSM Load Growth Through Electrotechnology Application Assistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merchant, D. G.

    replacing outmoded energy intensive end uses in the marketplace. "In nearly every case, the electrotechnology applications save energy, largely eliminate point-of-use pollution, reduce overall carbon dioxide emissions, and--in many cases 73 ESL-IE-94... to its roots," electrotechnology applications assistance programs are beginning to provide measured results that are a key part of utility efforts to manage demand. Several innovative electrotechnology application programs exist but most share a...

  2. Data requirements for intermediate energy nuclear applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearlstein, S.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several applications that include spallation neutron sources, space radiation effects, biomedical isotope production, accelerator shielding and radiation therapy make use of intermediate energy nuclear data extending to several GeV. The overlapping data needs of these applications are discussed in terms of what projectiles, targets and reactions are of interest. Included is a discussion of what is generally known about these data and what is needed to facilitate their use in intermediate energy applications. 40 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Update on mobile applications in dermatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Shivani; Eluri, Madhu; Boyers, Lindsay N; Karimkhani, Chante; Dellavalle, Robert

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    FDA regulation of mobile health technologies. N Engl J Med.providers. As technology advances, mobile applications maytechnology continues to advance and physicians have greater access to mobile-

  4. Metallic nanostructures for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Swee Hoe

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    enhanced performance of photovoltaic and photodetector Proc.and H. Wagner, in Photovoltaic Specialists Conference. ,for Optoelectronic and Photovoltaic Applications by Swee Hoe

  5. Montana Water Quality Permit Application, Nondegradation Authorization...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    LibraryAdd to library PermittingRegulatory Guidance - Supplemental Material: Montana Water Quality Permit Application, Nondegradation Authorization, and Permit FeesPermitting...

  6. GLOBAL CONNECTIONS PROGRAM Application for International Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiegner, Tracy N.

    GLOBAL CONNECTIONS PROGRAM Application for International Students Personal Information Name of English? (Yes/No): _____ First Language: __________________________ Educational Information Major: _________________ Minor/Certificate: ___________________ Current Classification: ___ Freshman ___ Soph. ___ Junior

  7. Metallic nanostructures for optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Swee Hoe

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in photonics, optoelectronics and energy conversion. In thisrise to the fields of optoelectronics and photonics. Thelead to applications in optoelectronics, optics and energy

  8. Mobile Robot Sensing for Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    infomechanical systems: A mobile wireless sensor networkMobile robot sensing for environmental applications Amarjeetsystems per- formed using mobile robot sensing systems. Both

  9. Arizona Department of Environmental Quality's Application Forms...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Arizona Department of Environmental Quality's Application Forms and Guidance Website Abstract This site contains forms...

  10. Service Oriented Architecture for High Level Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, Chungming; Chevtsov, Sergei; Wu, Juhao; /SLAC; Shen, Guobao; /Brookhaven

    2012-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Standalone high level applications often suffer from poor performance and reliability due to lengthy initialization, heavy computation and rapid graphical update. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) is trying to separate the initialization and computation from applications and to distribute such work to various service providers. Heavy computation such as beam tracking will be done periodically on a dedicated server and data will be available to client applications at all time. Industrial standard service architecture can help to improve the performance, reliability and maintainability of the service. Robustness will also be improved by reducing the complexity of individual client applications.

  11. Additional Guidance Regarding Application of Current Procedures...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Additional Guidance Regarding Application of Current Procedures for Testing Energy Consumption of Clothes Washers with Warm Rinse Cycles, Issued: June 30, 2010. Draft of DOE...

  12. VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF ZEEMAN ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koizumi, Hideaki

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    APPLICATIONS OF ZEEMAN ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPYthe Zeeman effect to atomic absorption spectroscopy has beenthe Zeeman effect on atomic absorption spectrometry has been

  13. Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 L ast edited: 2014-06-02 08:56:54...

  14. Photonic crystals for high temperature applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeng, Yi Xiang

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis focuses on the design, optimization, fabrication, and experimental realization of metallic photonic crystals (MPhCs) for high temperature applications, for instance thermophotovoltaic (TPV) energy conversion ...

  15. Part III: Application Guidelines (Revised 2012)

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    for clarification or additional information from the Area or Operations Office within ten working days. C. Instructions for DOE Personnel Reviewing an Application 1. Field...

  16. Applications from Universities and Other Research Institutions...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Policies EFRCs FOA Applications from Universities and Other Research Institutions Construction Review EPSCoR DOE Office of Science Graduate Fellowship (DOE SCGF) External link...

  17. Interested Parties - Multiple Loan Applications per Developer...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Documents & Publications Interested Parties - Allowing Multiple Projects per Application for Section 1705 Loan Guarantees Interested Parties - K&L Group Interested Parties - Shipp...

  18. Leadership Transition Program (LTP) Application Package | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and standard form-182. LTP Application Package More Documents & Publications ITP Aluminum: Technical Working Group on Inert Anode Technologies EIS-0333: Draft Environmental...

  19. The Energy Audit Process & State Applications

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    The Energy Audit Process & State Applications May 23 rd , 2013 DOE's State and Local Technical Assistance Program 2 DOE's Technical Assistance Program * Strategic Energy Planning *...

  20. Harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Green; Varghese Mathai

    2009-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We initiate the study of harmonic Cheeger-Simons characters, with applications to smooth versions of the Geometric Langlands program in the abelian case.

  1. Verifying the ENERGY STAR® Certification Application

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Do you verify commercial building applications for ENERGY STAR certification? This webinar, based on the ENERGY STAR Guide for Licensed Professionals, covers the role of the licensed professional,...

  2. Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Precise Application of Transparent Conductive Oxide Coatings for Flat Panel Displays and Photovoltaic Cells Technology available for licensing: New transparent conducting oxide...

  3. Electrical Power Supply Applications Engineer | Princeton Plasma...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electrical Power Supply Applications Engineer Department: Engineering Supervisor(s): John Lacenere Staff: ENG 04 Requisition Number: 1400303 The Princeton University Plasma Physics...

  4. M Applications in theM Applications in the Standards CommunityStandards Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    DeliverablesStandard Deliverables XML SchemasXML Schemas Use CasesUse Cases Test CasesTest Cases Conformance #12;Petroleum ApplicationsPetroleum Applications What can Petroleum do with M ?What can Petroleum do

  5. PIC Application Notes TechTools PIC Application Notes Page 23

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Dennis

    forrotaryencodersisthemouse,whichcontainstwoencodersthattrack the x- and y-axis movements of a ball in the device's underside Application Notes Page 24 · PIC Application Notes · TechTools consisting of a slotted wheel, two LEDs, and two

  6. CARBON NANOTUBES: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fischer, John, E.

    2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon nanotubes were discovered in 1991 as a minority byproduct of fullerene synthesis. Remarkable progress has been made in the ensuing years, including the discovery of two basic types of nanotubes (single-wall and multi-wall), great strides in synthesis and purification, elucidation of many fundamental physical properties, and important steps towards practical applications. Both the underlying science and technological potential of SWNT can profitably be studied at the scale of individual tubes and on macroscopic assemblies such as fibers. Experiments on single tubes directly reveal many of the predicted quantum confinement and mechanical properties. Semiconductor nanowires have many features in common with nanotubes, and many of the same fundamental and practical issues are in play – quantum confinement and its effect on properties; possible device structures and circuit architectures; thermal management; optimal synthesis, defect morphology and control, etc. In 2000 we began a small effort in this direction, conducted entirely by undergraduates with minimal consumables support from this grant. With DOE-BES approval, this grew into a project in parallel with the carbon nanotube work, in which we studied of inorganic semiconductor nanowire growth, characterization and novel strategies for electronic and electromechanical device fabrication. From the beginnings of research on carbon nanotubes, one of the major applications envisioned was hydrogen storage for fuel-cell powered cars and trucks. Subsequent theoretical models gave mixed results, the most pessimistic indicating that the fundamental H2-SWNT interaction was similar to flat graphite (physisorption) with only modest binding energies implying cryogenic operation at best. New material families with encouraging measured properties have emerged, and materials modeling has gained enormously in predictive power, sophistication, and the ability to treat a realistically representative number of atoms. One of the new materials, highly porous carbide-derived carbons (CDC), is the subject of an add-on to this grant awarded to myself and Taner Yildirim (NIST). Results from the add-on led eventually to a new 3-year award DE-FG02-08ER46522 “From Fundamental Understanding to Predicting New Nanomaterials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage”, $1000K, (05/31/2008 - 05/01/2011) with Taner Yildirim and myself as co-PI’s.

  7. Harsh environments electronics : downhole applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vianco, Paul Thomas

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development and operational sustainment of renewable (geothermal) and non-renewable (fossil fuel) energy resources will be accompanied by increasingly higher costs factors: exploration and site preparation, operational maintenance and repair. Increased government oversight in the wake of the Gulf oil spill will only add to the cost burden. It is important to understand that downhole conditions are not just about elevated temperatures. It is often construed that military electronics are exposed to the upper limit in terms of extreme service environments. Probably the harshest of all service conditions for electronics and electrical equipment are those in oil, gas, and geothermal wells. From the technology perspective, advanced materials, sensors, and microelectronics devices are benefificial to the exploration and sustainment of energy resources, especially in terms of lower costs. Besides the need for the science that creates these breakthroughs - there is also a need for sustained engineering development and testing. Downhole oil, gas, and geothermal well applications can have a wide range of environments and reliability requirements: Temperature, Pressure, Vibration, Corrosion, and Service duration. All too frequently, these conditions are not well-defifined because the application is labeled as 'high temperature'. This ambiguity is problematic when the investigation turns to new approaches for electronic packaging solutions. The objective is to develop harsh environment, electronic packaging that meets customer requirements of cost, performance, and reliability. There are a number of challenges: (1) Materials sets - solder alloys, substrate materials; (2) Manufacturing process - low to middle volumes, low defect counts, new equipment technologies; and (3) Reliability testing - requirements documents, test methods and modeling, relevant standards documents. The cost to develop and sustain renewable and non-renewable energy resources will continue to escalate within the industry. Downhole electronics can provide a very cost-effective approach for well exploration and sustainment (data logging). However, the harsh environments are a 'game-changer' in terms defining materials, assembly processes and the long-term reliability of downhole electronic systems. The system-level approach will enable the integration of each of these contributors - materials, processes, and reliability - in order to deliver cost-effective electronics that meet customer requirements.

  8. RequiRements foR GRADuAtion ApplicAtion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Gus

    in the online graduation application. 2. Your prospectus or project proposal has been approved and your oralRequiRements foR GRADuAtion ApplicAtion ADV Form 8a 8/12 ecclesiastical endorsement Requirement for Graduation You must be a degree-seeking graduate student and have a current ecclesiastical endorsement

  9. Application for IPA Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Application for IPA Page 1 of 5 Revised: 05/23/2014 OMB Control No. 0648-0401 Expiration Date: 12/31/2014 Application For A PROPOSED INCENTIVE PLAN AGREEMENT (IPA) AND LIST OF PARTICIPANTS U.S. Dept. of Commerce NOAA is for [ ] New IPA [ ] Amended IPA [ ] Change IPA Participant List NOTE: Attach Incentive Plan Agreement. BLOCK

  10. http://hpc.sagepub.com/ Computing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    http://hpc.sagepub.com/ Computing Applications International Journal of High Performance http: 359International Journal of High Performance Computing Applications Antoine Petitet, Susan Blackford and the Grid Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com can be found at:International Journal of High

  11. Application for Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (MSc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damm, Werner

    Application for Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (MSc) 2011 / 2013 (3 terms: begin: 1 Renewable Energy Carl-von-Ossietzky Str. 9-11 26129 Oldenburg Germany Deadline for application: January 15 th , 2011 (self-financing) 1 Personal data male: female: single: married: No. of kids: __ Family

  12. Application for Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (MSc)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habel, Annegret

    Application for Postgraduate Programme Renewable Energy (MSc) 2011 / 2013 (3 terms: begin: 1 Renewable Energy Carl-von-Ossietzky Str. 9-11 26129 Oldenburg Germany Deadline for application: January 15th , 2011 (self-financing) 1 Personal data male: female: single: married: No. of kids: __ Family name

  13. Summer Academy Scholarship Application Name: Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    Summer Academy Scholarship Application Name: Date: Address: City: State: Zip Code: Please for this scholarship? In the spirit of St. Vincent DePaul, Summer Academy scholarships are distributed based on both Date Apply online to the Summer Academy before submitting your scholarship application. You must first

  14. Critical Materials For Sustainable Energy Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Critical Materials For Sustainable Energy Applications September 2011 Resnick Institute Report C in the generation, storage, transmission, conversion and conservation of energy. + Institute Leadership Harry://resnick.caltech.edu Pasadena, CA. USA + #12;Critical Materials For Sustainable Energy Applications California Institute

  15. TEMPORARY EVENT FOOD SERVICE VENDOR APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    TEMPORARY EVENT FOOD SERVICE VENDOR APPLICATION Name of Event Location Date(s) and Time(s) of Event, sandwiches, baked potatoes, hot dogs, brats, tacos, cut melon, milk,etc. #1. Prepackaged snack food vendors only need to complete Food Service Vendor Application. #2. - #4. Food vendors must 1) complete entire

  16. Reducing the Energy Usage of Oce Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinn, Jason

    Reducing the Energy Usage of OÆce Applications Jason Flinn 1 , Eyal de Lara 2 , M. Satyanarayanan 1 of the energy usage of Microsoft's PowerPoint application and show that adaptive policies can reduce energy research e#11;ort, no silver bullet for reducing energy usage has yet been found. Instead, a comprehensive

  17. Satellite Application Facility for Numerical Weather Prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    into Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) models. However, the impact of such observations often critNWP SAF Satellite Application Facility for Numerical Weather Prediction Document NWPSAF-KN-VS-002 Stoffelen KNMI #12;NWP SAF Satellite Application Facility for Numerical Weather Prediction Report

  18. APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE UTRECHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE UTRECHT EXCHANGE PROGRAM 1. Review the General in to Binghamton's Office of International Programs. Do not send anything directly to University College Utrecht and there is time to make the arrangements at the University of Utrecht. There is a $25 late application fee. Once

  19. Group Blind Digital Signatures: Theory and Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldwasser, Shafi

    Group Blind Digital Signatures: Theory and Applications by Zul kar Amin Ramzan Submitted Committee on Graduate Students #12;Group Blind Digital Signatures: Theory and Applications by Zul kar Amin Blind Digital Signature. This construct combines the already existing notions of a Group Digital

  20. Editing Nested Constraints and Application Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habel, Annegret

    Editing Nested Constraints and Application Conditions Karl Azab Carl v. Ossietzky Universit¨at Oldenburg, Germany azab@informatik.uni-oldenburg.de Abstract. Nested constraints and application conditions to get these editing features and implemented a tree-oriented visualization for editing nested constrains

  1. Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    Labelling Heuristics for CSP Application Domains Zeynep K#16;z#16;ltan Computer Science Division an application domain as a family of CSP models, so as to exhibit the generic constraint store for all models store and the domain propagation during search is analysed, so as to infer | before modelling any CSP

  2. Semantic Information Integration for Smart Grid Applications*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prasanna, Viktor K.

    Chapter 19 Semantic Information Integration for Smart Grid Applications* Yogesh Simmhan, Qunzhi Zhou, and Viktor Prasanna* Abstract. The Los Angeles Smart Grid Project aims to use informatics that supports 1.4 million customers and a rich ecosystem of Smart Grid applications from users, third party

  3. Potential applications of high temperature helium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schleicher, R.W. Jr.; Kennedy, A.J.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the DOE MHTGR-SC program`s recent activity to improve the economics of the MHTGR without sacrificing safety performance and two potential applications of high temperature helium, the MHTGR gas turbine plant and a process heat application for methanol production from coal.

  4. Potential applications of high temperature helium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schleicher, R.W. Jr.; Kennedy, A.J.

    1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the DOE MHTGR-SC program's recent activity to improve the economics of the MHTGR without sacrificing safety performance and two potential applications of high temperature helium, the MHTGR gas turbine plant and a process heat application for methanol production from coal.

  5. Revised 01/13 Retirement Application Instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    of the following documents: birth certificate, delayed birth certificate, baptismal certificate, passport members only need to complete page 1 of the application. Verification of Date of Birth Verification of the member's date of birth must accompany the retirement application. This verification may be a copy of one

  6. AMS Internship Program Student Application Date: ______________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pulfrey, David L.

    AMS Internship Program ­ Student Application Date: ______________________ Full Name: Student Number the following questions in as much detail as possible. Applications [form +resume] for summer internships are due March 4th 1) Why are you interested in the Internship Program? What do you expect to gain from

  7. Development and application of earth system models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development and application of earth system models Ronald G. Prinn *Reprinted from Proceedings, 2011) The global environment is a complex and dynamic system. Earth system modeling is needed to help: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Development and application of earth system

  8. Bachelor Project StockHome -Web Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanza, Michele

    Bachelor Project StockHome - Web Application User interface for a financial analysis tool Gilad and assisting us during dark times. Last but not least, I would like to thank my friends who spent those long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 iii #12;Gilad Geron StockHome - Web Application A Technologies 31 A.1 Ruby

  9. Measurement of the absorption coefficient for light laterally propagating in light-emitting diode structures with In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/GaN quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lelikov, Yu. S.; Bochkareva, N. I.; Gorbunov, R. I.; Martynov, I. A.; Rebane, Yu. T.; Tarkin, D. V.; Shreter, Yu. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)], E-mail: YShreter@mail.ioffe.ru

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A procedure for measuring the absorption coefficient for light propagating parallel to the surface of a GaN-based light emitting diode chip on a sapphire substrate is suggested. The procedure implies the study of emission from one end face of the chip as the opposite end face is illuminated with a light emitting diode. The absorption coefficient is calculated from the ratio between the intensities of emission emerging from the end faces of the sapphire substrate and the epitaxial layer. From the measurements for chips based on p-GaN/In{sub 0.2}Ga{sub 0.8}N/n-GaN structures, the lateral absorption coefficient is determined at a level of (23 {+-} 3)cm{sup -1} at a wavelength of 465 nm. Possible causes for the discrepancy between the absorption coefficients determined in the study and those reported previously are analyzed.

  10. Electronic and photonic power applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walko, R.J.; Ashley, C.S.; Brinker, C.J.; Reed, S.T.; Renschler, C.L. (Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (USA)); Shepodd, T.J. (Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (USA)); Ellefson, R.E.; Gill, J.T. (EG and G Mound Applied Technologies, Miamisburg, OH (USA)); Leonard, L.E. (USDOE, Washington, DC (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficient conversion of radioactive decay to electrical power has been the goal of a number of past research efforts. One of these was the Elgin-Kidde nuclear battery. In this concept promethium-147 was used as a beta source which was then mixed with a phosphor to produce a radioluminescent (RL) source of light. The light source was coupled to silicon photovoltaic converters to create electricity. This photoelectric approach is being revisited using tritium based solid state compounds and advanced gas concepts to produce RL light sources being disclosed at this conference. Efficient conversion of the RL light energy to electrical energy imposes certain requirements on the semiconductor converter. These requirements will be discussed. Projections of power source electrical and physical characteristics will be presented based on reasonable design parameter assumptions. The words Power Supply'' usually evoke a vision of a rotating machine or chemical battery. However, today's technology is making increasing use of photonics, where information and even power can be moved through optical fibers. Brighter volumetric RL light sources open a whole new range of photonics-based applications, while solid state tritiated compounds provide the foundation for improved mechanical adaptability and safety. 4 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Composite materials for fusion applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, R.H.; Henager, C.H. Jr.; Hollenberg, G.W.

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ceramic matrix composites, CMCs, are being considered for advanced first-wall and blanket structural applications because of their high-temperature properties, low neutron activation, low density and low coefficient of expansion coupled with good thermal conductivity and corrosion behavior. This paper presents a review and analysis of the hermetic, thermal conductivity, corrosion, crack growth and radiation damage properties of CMCs. It was concluded that the leak rates of a gaseous coolant into the plasma chamber or tritium out of the blanket could exceed design criteria if matrix microcracking causes existing porosity to become interconnected. Thermal conductivities of unirradiated SiC/SiC and C/SiC materials are about 1/2 to 2/3 that of Type 316 SS whereas the thermal conductivity for C/C composites is seven times larger. The thermal stress figure-of-merit value for CMCs exceeds that of Type 316 SS for a single thermal cycle. SiC/SiC composites are very resistant to corrosion and are expected to be compatible with He or Li coolants if the O{sub 2} concentrations are maintained at the appropriate levels. CMCs exhibit subcritical crack growth at elevated temperatures and the crack velocity is a function of the corrosion conditions. The radiation stability of CMCs will depend on the stability of the fiber, microcracking of the matrix, and the effects of gaseous transmutation products on properties. 23 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Wind motor applications for transportation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lysenko, G.P.; Grigoriev, B.V.; Karpin, K.B. [Moscow Aviation Inst. (Russian Federation)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Motion equation for a vehicle equipped with a wind motor allows, taking into account the drag coefficients, to determine the optimal wind drag velocity in the wind motor`s plane, and hence, obtain all the necessary data for the wind wheel blades geometrical parameters definition. This optimal drag velocity significantly differs from the flow drag velocity which determines the maximum wind motor power. Solution of the motion equation with low drag coefficients indicates that the vehicle speed against the wind may be twice as the wind speed. One of possible transportation wind motor applications is its use on various ships. A ship with such a wind motor may be substantially easier to steer, and if certain devices are available, may proceed in autonomous control mode. Besides, it is capable of moving within narrow fairways. The cruise speed of a sailing boat and wind-motored ship were compared provided that the wind velocity direction changes along a harmonic law with regard to the motion direction. Mean dimensionless speed of the wind-motored ship appears to be by 20--25% higher than that of a sailing boat. There was analyzed a possibility of using the wind motors on planet rovers in Mars or Venus atmospheric conditions. A Mars rover power and motor system has been assessed for the power level of 3 kW.

  13. On the applicability of probabilistics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roth, P.G. [GE Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    GEAE`s traditional lifing approach, based on Low Cycle Fatigue (LCF) curves, is evolving for fracture critical powder metal components by incorporating probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis. Supporting this move is a growing validation database which convincingly demonstrates that probabilistics work given the right inputs. Significant efforts are being made to ensure the right inputs. For example, Heavy Liquid Separation (HLS) analysis has been developed to quantify and control inclusion content (1). Also, an intensive seeded fatigue program providing a model for crack initiation at inclusions is ongoing (2). Despite the optimism and energy, probabilistics are only tools and have limitations. Designing to low failure probabilities helps provide protection, but other strategies are needed to protect against surprises. A low risk design limit derived from a predicted failure distribution can lead to a high risk deployment if there are unaccounted-for deviations from analysis assumptions. Recognized deviations which are statistically quantifiable can be integrated into the probabilistic analysis (an advantage of the approach). When deviations are known to be possible but are not properly describable statistically, it may be more appropriate to maintain the traditional position of conservatively bounding relevant input parameters. Finally, safety factors on analysis results may be called for in cases where there is little experience supporting new design concepts or material applications (where unrecognized deviations might be expected).

  14. Large-Scale Uncertainty and Error Analysis for Time-dependent Fluid/Structure Interactions in Wind Turbine Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alonso, Juan J. [Stanford University; Iaccarino, Gianluca [Stanford University

    2013-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The following is the final report covering the entire period of this aforementioned grant, June 1, 2011 - May 31, 2013 for the portion of the effort corresponding to Stanford University (SU). SU has partnered with Sandia National Laboratories (PI: Mike S. Eldred) and Purdue University (PI: Dongbin Xiu) to complete this research project and this final report includes those contributions made by the members of the team at Stanford. Dr. Eldred is continuing his contributions to this project under a no-cost extension and his contributions to the overall effort will be detailed at a later time (once his effort has concluded) on a separate project submitted by Sandia National Laboratories. At Stanford, the team is made up of Profs. Alonso, Iaccarino, and Duraisamy, post-doctoral researcher Vinod Lakshminarayan, and graduate student Santiago Padron. At Sandia National Laboratories, the team includes Michael Eldred, Matt Barone, John Jakeman, and Stefan Domino, and at Purdue University, we have Prof. Dongbin Xiu as our main collaborator. The overall objective of this project was to develop a novel, comprehensive methodology for uncertainty quantification by combining stochastic expansions (nonintrusive polynomial chaos and stochastic collocation), the adjoint approach, and fusion with experimental data to account for aleatory and epistemic uncertainties from random variable, random field, and model form sources. The expected outcomes of this activity were detailed in the proposal and are repeated here to set the stage for the results that we have generated during the time period of execution of this project: 1. The rigorous determination of an error budget comprising numerical errors in physical space and statistical errors in stochastic space and its use for optimal allocation of resources; 2. A considerable increase in efficiency when performing uncertainty quantification with a large number of uncertain variables in complex non-linear multi-physics problems; 3. A solution to the long-time integration problem of spectral chaos approaches; 4. A rigorous methodology to account for aleatory and epistemic uncertainties, to emphasize the most important variables via dimension reduction and dimension-adaptive refinement, and to support fusion with experimental data using Bayesian inference; 5. The application of novel methodologies to time-dependent reliability studies in wind turbine applications including a number of efforts relating to the uncertainty quantification in vertical-axis wind turbine applications. In this report, we summarize all accomplishments in the project (during the time period specified) focusing on advances in UQ algorithms and deployment efforts to the wind turbine application area. Detailed publications in each of these areas have also been completed and are available from the respective conference proceedings and journals as detailed in a later section.

  15. Advanced I/O for large-scale scientific applications.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klasky, Scott (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN); Schwan, Karsten (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Oldfield, Ron A.; Lofstead, Gerald F., II (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As scientific simulations scale to use petascale machines and beyond, the data volumes generated pose a dual problem. First, with increasing machine sizes, the careful tuning of IO routines becomes more and more important to keep the time spent in IO acceptable. It is not uncommon, for instance, to have 20% of an application's runtime spent performing IO in a 'tuned' system. Careful management of the IO routines can move that to 5% or even less in some cases. Second, the data volumes are so large, on the order of 10s to 100s of TB, that trying to discover the scientifically valid contributions requires assistance at runtime to both organize and annotate the data. Waiting for offline processing is not feasible due both to the impact on the IO system and the time required. To reduce this load and improve the ability of scientists to use the large amounts of data being produced, new techniques for data management are required. First, there is a need for techniques for efficient movement of data from the compute space to storage. These techniques should understand the underlying system infrastructure and adapt to changing system conditions. Technologies include aggregation networks, data staging nodes for a closer parity to the IO subsystem, and autonomic IO routines that can detect system bottlenecks and choose different approaches, such as splitting the output into multiple targets, staggering output processes. Such methods must be end-to-end, meaning that even with properly managed asynchronous techniques, it is still essential to properly manage the later synchronous interaction with the storage system to maintain acceptable performance. Second, for the data being generated, annotations and other metadata must be incorporated to help the scientist understand output data for the simulation run as a whole, to select data and data features without concern for what files or other storage technologies were employed. All of these features should be attained while maintaining a simple deployment for the science code and eliminating the need for allocation of additional computational resources.

  16. IDEA Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thornton, Robert

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The DOE Clean Energy Application Centers were launched with a goal of focusing on important aspects of our nation’s energy supply including Efficiency, Reliability and Resiliency. Clean Energy solutions based on Combined Heat & Power (CHP), District Energy and Waste Heat Recovery are at the core of ensuring a reliable and efficient energy infrastructure for campuses, communities, and industry and public enterprises across the country. IDEA members which include colleges and universities, hospitals, airports, downtown utilities as well as manufacturers, suppliers and service providers have long-standing expertise in the planning, design, construction and operations of Clean Energy systems. They represent an established base of successful projects and systems at scale and serve important and critical energy loads. They also offer experience, lessons learned and best practices which are of immense value to the sustained growth of the Clean Energy sector. IDEA has been able to leverage the funds from the project award to raise the visibility, improve the understanding and increase deployment CHP, District Energy and Waste Heat Recovery solutions across the regions of our nation, in collaboration with the regional CEAC’s. On August 30, 2012, President Obama signed an Executive Order to accelerate investments in industrial energy efficiency (EE), including CHP and set a national goal of 40 GW of new CHP installation over the next decade IDEA is pleased to have been able to support this Executive Order in a variety of ways including raising awareness of the goal through educational workshops and Conferences and recognizing the installation of large scale CHP and district energy systems A supporting key area of collaboration has involved IDEA providing technical assistance on District Energy/CHP project screenings and feasibility to the CEAC’s for multi building, multi-use projects. The award was instrumental in the development of a first-order screening/feasibility tool for these types of community energy projects. The Excel based tool incorporates hourly climate based building loads data to arrive at the composite energy demand for the district and compares the Net Present Value (NPV) of the costs of CHP/DE alternatives. This tool has been used to provide assistance to several projects in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Intermountain and Pacific Regions. The tool was disseminated to the CEACs and supplemented by a Training Webinar and a How to Guide IDEA produced a US Community Energy Development Guide to support mayors, planners, community leaders, real estate developers and economic development officials who are interested in planning more sustainable urban energy infrastructure, creating community energy master plans and implementing CHP/ District Energy systems in cities, communities and towns. IDEA has collected industry data and provided a comprehensive data set containing information on District Energy installations in the US. District energy systems are present in 49 states and the District of Columbia. Of the 597 systems 55% were DE alone while the remainder was some combination of CHP, district heating, and district cooling. District energy systems that do not currently involve electric generation are strong near-term candidates for the adoption of CHP due to the magnitude of their aggregated thermal load. This data has helped inform specific and targeted initiatives including technical assistance provided by the CEAC’s for EPA’s Boiler MACT Compliance by large District Heating System boilers. These outcomes have been greatly enabled by the close coordination and collaboration with DOE CEAC leadership and with the eight regional US DOE Clean Energy Application Centers and the award’s incremental funding has allowed IDEA to leverage our resources to be an effective champion for Clean Energy.

  17. Multicore Architecture-aware Scientific Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srinivasa, Avinash

    2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern high performance systems are becoming increasingly complex and powerful due to advancements in processor and memory architecture. In order to keep up with this increasing complexity, applications have to be augmented with certain capabilities to fully exploit such systems. These may be at the application level, such as static or dynamic adaptations or at the system level, like having strategies in place to override some of the default operating system polices, the main objective being to improve computational performance of the application. The current work proposes two such capabilites with respect to multi-threaded scientific applications, in particular a large scale physics application computing ab-initio nuclear structure. The first involves using a middleware tool to invoke dynamic adaptations in the application, so as to be able to adjust to the changing computational resource availability at run-time. The second involves a strategy for effective placement of data in main memory, to optimize memory access latencies and bandwidth. These capabilties when included were found to have a significant impact on the application performance, resulting in average speedups of as much as two to four times.

  18. Going to Work: Filling Out an Application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Rosemarie

    2000-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Edited by Rosemarie Hoffman Assistant Professor and Extension Individual and Family Development Specialist, The Texas A&M University System L-2366 12-99 Filling out an Application W hen looking for a job, you will have to fill out many different job.... or # Number Below are explanations of words you may see on application forms: Applicant: This means YOU, the per- son who is applying for the job. Marital status: Are you married, or single? Spouse: Your wife or husband?s name. Dependents: The number of people...

  19. Proposal for grid computing for nuclear applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idris, Faridah Mohamad; Ismail, Saaidi; Haris, Mohd Fauzi B.; Sulaiman, Mohamad Safuan B.; Aslan, Mohd Dzul Aiman Bin.; Samsudin, Nursuliza Bt.; Ibrahim, Maizura Bt.; Ahmad, Megat Harun Al Rashid B. Megat; Yazid, Hafizal B.; Jamro, Rafhayudi B.; Azman, Azraf B.; Rahman, Anwar B. Abdul; Ibrahim, Mohd Rizal B. Mamat; Muhamad, Shalina Bt. Sheik; Hassan, Hasni [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Abdullah, Wan Ahmad Tajuddin Wan; Ibrahim, Zainol Abidin; Zolkapli, Zukhaimira; Anuar, Afiq Aizuddin; Norjoharuddeen, Nurfikri [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 56003 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); and others

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of computer clusters for computational sciences including computational physics is vital as it provides computing power to crunch big numbers at a faster rate. In compute intensive applications that requires high resolution such as Monte Carlo simulation, the use of computer clusters in a grid form that supplies computational power to any nodes within the grid that needs computing power, has now become a necessity. In this paper, we described how the clusters running on a specific application could use resources within the grid, to run the applications to speed up the computing process.

  20. National Institutes of Health Electronic Submission of Applications NIH Applicant Guide September 2012 Page 1 of 11

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Institutes of Health ­ Electronic Submission of Applications NIH Applicant Guide September with the National Institutes of Health Applying and Finding Funding within the NIH Guide and Downloading the Application Package #12;National Institutes of Health ­ Electronic Submission of Applications NIH Applicant

  1. Northeast Clean Energy Application Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourgeois, Tom

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    From October 1, 2009 through September 30, 2013 (“contract period”), the Northeast Clean Energy Application Center (“NE-CEAC”) worked in New York and New England (Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine) to create a more robust market for the deployment of clean energy technologies (CETs) including combined heat and power (CHP), district energy systems (DES), and waste heat recovery (WHR) systems through the provision of technical assistance, education and outreach, and strategic market analysis and support for decision-makers. CHP, DES, and WHR can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce electrical and thermal energy costs, and provide more reliable energy for users throughout the United States. The NE-CEAC’s efforts in the provision of technical assistance, education and outreach, and strategic market analysis and support for decision-makers helped advance the market for CETs in the Northeast thereby helping the region move towards the following outcomes: • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and criteria pollutants • Improvements in energy efficiency resulting in lower costs of doing business • Productivity gains in industry and efficiency gains in buildings • Lower regional energy costs • Strengthened energy security • Enhanced consumer choice • Reduced price risks for end-users • Economic development effects keeping more jobs and more income in our regional economy Over the contract period, NE-CEAC provided technical assistance to approximately 56 different potential end-users that were interested in CHP and other CETs for their facility or facilities. Of these 56 potential end-users, five new CHP projects totaling over 60 MW of install capacity became operational during the contract period. The NE-CEAC helped host numerous target market workshops, trainings, and webinars; and NE-CEAC staff delivered presentations at many other workshops and conferences. In total, over 60 different workshops, conferences, webinars, and presentation were hosted or delivered during the contract period. The NE-CEAC also produced publically available educational materials such as CHP project profiles. Finally, the NE-CEAC worked closely with the relevant state agencies involved with CHP development. In New York, the NE-CEAC played an important role in securing and maintaining funding for CHP incentive programs administered by the New York State Energy Research Development Authority. NE-CEAC was also involved in the NYC Mayor's Office DG Collaborative. The NECEAC was also named a strategic resource for the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection’s innovative Microgrid Pilot Program.

  2. A taxonomy and business analysis for mobile web applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kevin H

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile web applications refer to web applications on mobile devices, aimed at personalizing, integrating, and discovering mobile contents in user contexts. This thesis presents a comprehensive study of mobile web applications ...

  3. Time and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Roger

    Time and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications ROGER JOHANSSON and event triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications 1 ROGER JOHANSSON Department triggered communication scheduling for automotive applications ROGER JOHANSSON © ROGER JOHANSSON, 2004

  4. Pattern-driven Partitioning in Designing Distributed Object Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Anthony J. H.

    Pattern-driven Partitioning in Designing Distributed Object Applications Widayashanti P. Sardjono of the fundamental challenges in designing distributed object applications (DOAs) is application partitioning, particularly distributable ones, are discovered. This research proposes a technique to help designers

  5. The Boston College Alumni Connections Application for Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 The Boston College Alumni Connections Application for Facebook® How to add the BC Alumni Connections application to your Facebook profile.......................................................... 2 How to bookmark the BC Alumni Connections application in Facebook so it shows on your profile

  6. Informative Sensing Using Mobile Robots for Environmental Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Amarjeet; Batalin, Maxim; Kaiser, William J

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multiple robots for environmental applications Amarjeetenvironmental applications Efficient Multi-robot InformativeApplications (IDEA) methodology Iterative feedback for further characterization Spatial characterization Sequential Allocation for multi-robot

  7. Nemesis: Preventing Authentication & Access Control Vulnerabilities in Web Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabatini, David M.

    Nemesis: Preventing Authentication & Access Control Vulnerabilities in Web Applications Michael web applications. Authentication attacks occur when a web application authenticates users unsafely, granting access to web clients that lack the ap- propriate credentials. Access control attacks occur when

  8. Polymer translocation into laterally unbounded confined environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaifu Luo; Ralf Metzler

    2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Using Langevin dynamics simulations in three dimensions (3D), we investigate the dynamics of polymer translocation into the regions between two parallel plane walls with separation $R$ under a driving force $F$, respectively. Compared with an unconfined environment, the translocation dynamics is greatly changed due to the crowding effect of the partially translocated monomers. Translocation time $\\tau$ initially decreases rapidly with increasing $R$ and then saturates for larger $R$, and the confined environment leads to a nonuniversal dependence of $\\tau$ on $F$.

  9. Lateral Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    House, Matthew Gregory

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a superconducting Josephson junction device to a microwavequbits constructed from Josephson junction devices, coupled

  10. Lateral Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    House, Matthew Gregory

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of gate voltage V P , which shows a broad oscillation whicha function of a gate voltage. These oscillations represent aof gate voltage V P , which shows a broad oscillation which

  11. Later Tertiary Leporidae of North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, M. R.

    1958-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Saskatchewan. Generic characters. Compared with Megalagus brachyodon, cheek-teeth less hypsodont, molarization of premolars less advanced, molars less reduced, and maxilla and mandibular ramus narrower in premolar region; P3-P4 each having shallow hypostria... the Myton Pocket in Utah and M. wyomingensis from Badwater Creek, Wyoming, specimens from the Wagonhound member of the Uinta Eocene, the Duchesne River (Rand- lett horizon), and the Swift Current Creek beds of Saskatchewan have been referred to this genus...

  12. Visualizing lateral anisotropy in modern carbonates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purkis, Sam

    ; purkis@nova.edu Sam Purkis' research interests are in applied sedimentology, petroleum geology sedimentology concepts to improve geostatistical reservoir models. Vlaswinkel's experience includes seismic

  13. Towards reproducible, scalable lateral molecular electronic devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durkan, Colm; Zhang, Qian

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    of a renaissance in recent years, due in part to the fact that silicon-based devices have continued to decrease in size towards molecular dimensions. Transistors have been fabricated with gate lengths as short as 3 nm [1], and a plethora of new... REFERENCES 1. Hyunjin Lee et al, 2006 Symposium on VLSI Technology, 58, 2006, DOI: 10.1109/VLSIT.2006.1705215 2. K. Tomioka, M. Yoshimura & T. Fukui, Nature, 488, 189 (2012) 3. G. Larrieu & X. –L. Han, Nanoscale, 5, 2437 (2013) 4. A. D. Franklin, S. O...

  14. Lateral Quantum Dots for Quantum Information Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    House, Matthew Gregory

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V T by ?tting. The equivalent resistance R r and capacitanceare the RLC model equivalent resistance R r and capacitanceV T by ?tting. The equivalent resistance R r and capacitance

  15. Combustion systems for power-MEMS applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spadaccini, Christopher M. (Christopher Michael), 1974-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of an effort to develop a micro-scale gas turbine engine for power generation and micro-propulsion applications, this thesis presents the design, fabrication, experimental testing, and modeling of the combustion ...

  16. Fabrication and application of patterned magnetic media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Guhua

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to overcome the superparamagnetism in thin film magnetic recording media, a novel magnetic medium, called patterned medium, is studied here as a potential candidate for the future hard disk storage application. ...

  17. Feature identification framework and applications (FIFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Audenaert, Michael Neal

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    collections that provides a general framework for applications while allowing decisions about the details of document representation and features identification to be deferred to domain specific implementations of that framework. These deferred decisions...

  18. FINALCOMMISSIONDECISION Application For Certification (08-AFC-1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINALCOMMISSIONDECISION Application For Certification (08-AFC-1) Kings County CALIFORNIA ENERGY For Certification (08-AFC-1) Kings County CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION AVENAL ENERGY DECEMBER 2009 (08-AFC-1) CEC

  19. Central Energy Systems - Applications to Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, M. S.; Diserens, S. E.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the conceptual stage of design. The second program, Central Energy Systems Analysis Program (CESAP) analyzes energy efficiency for a group of buildings and determines if a new district heating and cooling (DHC) system would be a cost effective application...

  20. APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PPL IN BRITAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PPL IN BRITAIN STUDY ABROAD PROGRAM at the UNIVERSITY OF EAST Scalet (sscalet@binghamton.edu), director of the PPL Program. Other students should schedule a telephone

  1. Optimization Online - Applications — OR and Management ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applications — OR and Management Sciences Submissions - 2007. January 2007 ... A new lower bound for one-machine earliness-tardiness scheduling. Francis Sourd ... Service System Design in the Public and Private Sectors Jaroslav ...

  2. Biological applications of weal polyelectrolyte multilayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Michael C., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis research focused on biological applications of ultra-thin weak polyelectrolyte multilayers with specific emphasis on cell patterning, drug delivery, and antibacterial coatings. All of these very different ...

  3. Linked data platform for web applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presbrey, Joe (Joseph Warren)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of today's web applications are tightly coupled to proprietary server backends that store and control all user data. This thesis presents Linked Data as a decentralized web app platform, eliminating vendor lock-in, ...

  4. Local Area Networks - Applications to Energy Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bakken, B. M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LOCAL AREA NETWORKS - APPLICATIONS TO MERCY MANAGmNT Advanced BRUCE M. BAKKEN Software bfanager Micro Syatems Corporation Milwaukee, WI ABSTRACT One of the newest advances in computer technology is the Local Area Network. Its many...

  5. Stochastic Downscaling Method: Application to Wind Refinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    for applications such as pollutant diffusion evaluation, wind energy resource estimation and construction issues particular importance on society (e.g., the insurance industry, coastal erosion, forest and infrastruc- ture

  6. Environmental Permit Application Background Statement (Delaware)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The purpose of Chapter 79 of Delaware Title 7 is to ensure that the State has adequate information about the background of applicants or regulated parties for the purposes of processing permits and...

  7. Social Innovation Fellowship Program Guidelines & Application Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, James

    8/25/2011 Social Innovation Fellowship Program Guidelines & Application Materials Introduction The Social Innovation Fellowship program was created in order to support Stanford Graduate School of Business drive social innovation and transformation in various fields including education, health, environment

  8. Orthopaedic applications of ferromagnetic shape memory alloys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Weimin, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys (FSMAs) are a new class of magnetic field-actuated active materials with no current commercial applications. By applying a magnetic field of around 0.4 T, they can exert a stress of ...

  9. Applications How to build a brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles H.

    Applications How to build a brain Chris & Terry Centre for Theoretical Neuroscience University y z A B T #12;Learning results #12;Rule (R) (Language Areas) Context (VMPFC) Right Inferior Frontal

  10. Laser Applications in Metal Surface Hardening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckersley, J. S.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The acceptance of C02 lasers in industry to provide surface hardening is an established fact. Applications number in the hundreds in such diverse fields as automotive, office machines, air compressors, jet engines, military, paper converting...

  11. Copositive optimization — recent developments and applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 7, 2011 ... Here some of the recent success stories are told, along with prin- ciples .... of copositive optimization, or Lyapunov functions for switched dynamical systems ... In engineering applications, one frequently encounters friction and ...

  12. Specialty Cellular Glass Products and Their Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rostoker, D.

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . One such field of application, the Alcoa Smelting Process, involves the use of molten salts which tend to impregnate materials which are porous to either salt vapors or to the liquid phase. Such impregnation of ordinary insulating materials causes a...

  13. Cloud Based Applications and Platforms (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brodt-Giles, D.

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Presentation to the Cloud Computing East 2014 Conference, where we are highlighting our cloud computing strategy, describing the platforms on the cloud (including Smartgrid.gov), and defining our process for implementing cloud based applications.

  14. Improving application security with data flow assertions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yip, Alexander

    Resin is a new language runtime that helps prevent security vulnerabilities, by allowing programmers to specify application-level data flow assertions. Resin provides policy objects, which programmers use to specify assertion ...

  15. Biomedical applications of nanostructured polymer films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Jonathan Brian

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Functional polymeric thin films are often stratified with nanometer level structure and distinct purposes for each layer. These nanostructured polymeric materials are useful in a wide variety of applications including drug ...

  16. Application Guidelines for Energy Efficient Motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowern, E. H.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapidly rising power costs have prompted industrial motor users to consider specifying motors having efficiencies higher than the norm. Blanket specifications calling out high efficiency units for all applications can result in extended deliveries...

  17. Immuno-inspired robotic applications: a review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raza, Ali

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Artificial immune systems primarily mimic the adaptive nature of biological immune functions. Their ability to adapt to varying pathogens makes such systems a suitable choice for various robotic applications. Generally, AIS-based robotic applications map local instantaneous sensory information into either an antigen or a co-stimulatory signal, according to the choice of representation schema. Algorithms then use relevant immune functions to output either evolved antibodies or maturity of dendritic cells, in terms of actuation signals. It is observed that researchers, in an attempt to solve the problem in hand, do not try to replicate the biological immunity but select necessary immune functions instead, resulting in an ad-hoc manner these applications are reported. Authors, therefore, present a comprehensive review of immuno-inspired robotic applications in an attempt to categorize them according to underlying immune definitions. Implementation details are tabulated in terms of corresponding mathematical expr...

  18. http://hpc.sagepub.com/ Computing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Gijzen, Martin

    25: 440 originally published online 31 JanuaryInternational Journal of High Performance Computing:International Journal of High Performance Computing ApplicationsAdditional services and information for http

  19. Measuring Interference Between Live Datacenter Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    Measuring Interference Between Live Datacenter Applications Melanie Kambadur Columbia University in datacenters due to contention over shared hardware resources. Unfortunately, understanding interference in live datacenters is more difficult than in controlled environments or on simpler architectures. Most

  20. Two-dimensional materials for electronic applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Han, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The successful isolation of graphene in 2004 has attracted great interest to search for potential applications of this unique material and other members of the two-dimensional materials family in electronics, optoelectronics ...

  1. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Loan Application Announcement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Loan Application Announcement April 2007 3.2 % Interest Rate Energy subjected to comprehensive research, development and demonstration efforts under commercial working conditions. These efforts have been funded by the Energy Commission's Public Interest Energy Research Program

  2. Advanced filters and components for power applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neugebauer, Timothy Carl, 1975-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to improve the high frequency performance of components and filters by better compensating the parasitic effects of practical components. The main application for this improvement is in ...

  3. Optimization Online - Applications — Science and Engineering ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applications — Science and Engineering Submissions - 2012 ... Victor M Zavala, Antonio Flores-Tlacuahuac. Statistics Interior Point Methods for Optimal ... A new Search via Probability Algorithm for solving Engineering Optimization Problems

  4. Application of microfluidic device to malaria diagnosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rou

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Of many diagnostic devices and technology developed, microfluidics could be superior in terms of ease of fabrication, cost, portability, speed and sensitivity. The application of diagnosis of malaria infection by microfluidics ...

  5. Operating System Support for Mobile Interactive Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Such applications demand good interactive response. However, their environments are resource-poor and turbulent, predictive resource management, history- based demand prediction, augmented reality, machine learning #12 -- augmented reality -- has enormous potential in fields ranging from entertainment to aircraft maintenance

  6. NOAA NESDIS CENTER for SATELLITE APPLICATIONS and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radiation (TOA) AWG Radiation Budget Application Team Version 2.5 July 30, 2012 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1..........................................................................................20 3.2 Processing Outline....................................................................27 3.3.2.3 ABI Static Data

  7. Information accountability for mobile financial applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saigal, Arun Karthik

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I designed and built three sets of applications for three different demographics - young people, elderly people, and people in the developing world - to enable them to be involved in their personal banking. ...

  8. Electronic Applications of High Temperature Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroger, H.; Miracky, R. F.

    ELECfRONIC APPLICAnONS OF HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS HARRY KROGER and ROBERT F. MIRACKY Superconductivity Program MCC Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The possible uses of high temperature superconductors in electronics applications... attempts a sober appraisal of the potential ap plications of high temperature superconductors to electronics. Al though we believe that these applications are very promising, and in some sense unlimited, we offer here an opinion which runs contrary...

  9. Application of Pinch Technology in Refinery Retrofits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, W. R.; Siegell, J. H.; Sideropoulos, T.; Robertson, J. L.; Papoulias, S. A.

    APPLICATION OF PINCH TECHNOLOGY IN REFINERY RETROFITS W. R. L. Thomas, J. H. Siegell, T. Sideropoulos, J. L. Robertson, S. A. Papoulias Exxon Research and Engineering Company Florham Park, New Jersey ABSTRACT This paper reviews... the application of pinch technology in the identification of the most attractive retrofit prospects in typical refineries. In the first part of the paper, methodology is described to identify attractive inter-unit heat integration opportunities as well...

  10. Application accelerator system having bunch control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, D.; Krafft, G.A.

    1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    An application accelerator system for monitoring the gain of a free electron laser is disclosed. Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) detection techniques are used with a bunch length monitor for ultra short, picosec to several tens of femtosec, electron bunches. The monitor employs an application accelerator, a coherent radiation production device, an optical or beam chopping device, an infrared radiation collection device, a narrow-banding filter, an infrared detection device, and a control. 1 fig.

  11. Exhaust Gas Energy Recovery Technology Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, Robert M [ORNL] [ORNL; Szybist, James P [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exhaust waste heat recovery systems have the potential to significantly improve vehicle fuel economy for conventional and hybrid electric powertrains spanning passenger to heavy truck applications. This chapter discusses thermodynamic considerations and three classes of energy recovery technologies which are under development for vehicle applications. More specifically, this chapter describes the state-of-the-art in exhaust WHR as well as challenges and opportunities for thermodynamic power cycles, thermoelectric devices, and turbo-compounding systems.

  12. Application accelerator system having bunch control

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wang, Dunxiong (Newport News, VA); Krafft, Geoffrey Arthur (Newport News, VA)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An application accelerator system for monitoring the gain of a free electron laser. Coherent Synchrotron Radiation (CSR) detection techniques are used with a bunch length monitor for ultra short, picosec to several tens of femtosec, electron bunches. The monitor employs an application accelerator, a coherent radiation production device, an optical or beam chopping device, an infrared radiation collection device, a narrow-banding filter, an infrared detection device, and a control.

  13. MCNP APPLICATIONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. MCKINNEY; T. BOOTH; ET AL

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, has become an international standard for a wide spectrum of neutron, photon, and electron radiation transport applications. The latest version of the code, MCNP 4C, was released to the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in February 2000. This paper describes the code development philosophy, new features and capabilities, applicability to various problems, and future directions.

  14. MCNP application for the 21 century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKinney, M.C. [and others

    2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, has become an international standard for a wide spectrum of neutron, photon, and electron radiation transport applications. The latest version of the code, MCNP 4C, was released to the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in February 2000. This paper describes the code development philosophy, new features and capabilities, applicability to various problems, and future directions.

  15. Application experiences with the Globus toolkit.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brunett, S.

    1998-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The Globus grid toolkit is a collection of software components designed to support the development of applications for high-performance distributed computing environments, or ''computational grids'' [14]. The Globus toolkit is an implementation of a ''bag of services'' architecture, which provides application and tool developers not with a monolithic system but rather with a set of stand-alone services. Each Globus component provides a basic service, such as authentication, resource allocation, information, communication, fault detection, and remote data access. Different applications and tools can combine these services in different ways to construct ''grid-enabled'' systems. The Globus toolkit has been used to construct the Globus Ubiquitous Supercomputing Testbed, or GUSTO: a large-scale testbed spanning 20 sites and included over 4000 compute nodes for a total compute power of over 2 TFLOPS. Over the past six months, we and others have used this testbed to conduct a variety of application experiments, including multi-user collaborative environments (tele-immersion), computational steering, distributed supercomputing, and high throughput computing. The goal of this paper is to review what has been learned from these experiments regarding the effectiveness of the toolkit approach. To this end, we describe two of the application experiments in detail, noting what worked well and what worked less well. The two applications are a distributed supercomputing application, SF-Express, in which multiple supercomputers are harnessed to perform large distributed interactive simulations; and a tele-immersion application, CAVERNsoft, in which the focus is on connecting multiple people to a distributed simulated world.

  16. Computer aided robust control with applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Womack, Brian David

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    COMPUTER AIDED ROBUST CONTROL WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by BRIAN DAVID WOMACK Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990... Major Subject: Electrical Engineering COMPUTER AIDED ROBUST CONTROL WITH APPLICATIONS A Thesis by BRIAN DAVID WOMACK Approved as to style and content by: Mohammed A. Dahleh (Chair of Committee) Shanker P. Bhattacharyya Member) ostas N. Georghi...

  17. Test profiles for stationary energy storage applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, P.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Cole, J.F. [International Lead Zinc Research Organization, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Taylor, P.A. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluation of battery and other energy storage technologies for stationary uses is progressing rapidly toward application-specific testing that uses computer-based data acquisition and control equipment, active electronic loads and power supplies, and customized software, to enable sophisticated test regimes that simulate actual use conditions. These simulated-use tests provide more accurate performance and life evaluations than simple constant resistance or current testing regimes. Some of the tests use stepped constant-power charge and discharge regimes to simulate conditions created by electric utility applications such as frequency regulation and spinning reserve. Other test profiles under development simulate conditions for the energy storage component of Remote Area Power Supplies (RAPS) that include renewable and/or fossil-fueled generators. Various RAPS applications have unique sets of service conditions that require specialized test profiles. However, almost all RAPS tests and many tests that represent other stationary applications need to simulate significant time periods during which storage devices operate at low-to-medium states-of-charge without full recharge. Consideration of these and similar issues in simulated-use test regimes is necessary to effectively predict the responses of the various types of batteries in specific stationary applications. This paper describes existing and evolving stationary applications for energy storage technologies and test regimes that are designed to simulate them. The paper also discusses efforts to develop international testing standards.

  18. HTGR Application Economic Model Users' Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    A.M. Gandrik

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Application Economic Model was developed at the Idaho National Laboratory for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project. The HTGR Application Economic Model calculates either the required selling price of power and/or heat for a given internal rate of return (IRR) or the IRR for power and/or heat being sold at the market price. The user can generate these economic results for a range of reactor outlet temperatures; with and without power cycles, including either a Brayton or Rankine cycle; for the demonstration plant, first of a kind, or nth of a kind project phases; for up to 16 reactor modules; and for module ratings of 200, 350, or 600 MWt. This users manual contains the mathematical models and operating instructions for the HTGR Application Economic Model. Instructions, screenshots, and examples are provided to guide the user through the HTGR Application Economic Model. This model was designed for users who are familiar with the HTGR design and Excel and engineering economics. Modification of the HTGR Application Economic Model should only be performed by users familiar with the HTGR and its applications, Excel, and Visual Basic.

  19. Renewable Energy Loan Applications Due Today! | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Loan Applications Due Today Renewable Energy Loan Applications Due Today October 5, 2010 - 12:15pm Addthis Ebony Meeks Former Assistant Press Secretary, Office...

  20. Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects Energy, Treasury Now Accepting Applications for Funding For Renewable Energy Projects July 31, 2009 -...