Sample records for applicable criminal laws

  1. Legal Positivism in International Criminal Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luckey, Charles

    2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I will argue that, international criminal law constitutes a valid legal system. There is skepticism over the authority of international law; some claim that it is not a genuine legal system, and does not command legal obligation. I...

  2. Taught degrees LLM in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    in the top 10 in the UK in The Sunday Times University Guide 2012, in the top 20 in the UK in The Times Good University Guide 2013, and in the top 30 in the UK in The Guardian University Guide 2014 and The Complete University Guide 2014. · Law at Sussex was rated 16th in the UK for research in the 2008 Research Assessment

  3. Graduates' Perceptions of the Criminal Justice Degree as Preparation for a Career in Law Enforcement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franks, George Robert

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    degree has contributed to their success in a law enforcement career. iv The findings of the study indicate that most graduates perceive the degree as having direct links between college course curriculum and the academy training programs for law... there is evidence of varying degrees of hostility from non-educated police officers. Eskridge reported that many officers experience this hostility when they enter the academy, finding themselves singled out by instructors. He notes that this sometimes continues...

  4. The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    1 The Boston College Law School Alumni Connections Application for Facebook® How to add the BC Law Alumni Connections application to your Facebook profile............................................................. 2 How to bookmark the BC Law Alumni Connections application in Facebook so it shows on your profile

  5. OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    OPTIMAL CONTROL OF SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS AND APPLICATION TO NON-EQUILIBRIUM TRAFFIC STEERING iteratively optimal control problems involving systems of conservation laws. The irregularity of discontinuous waves in computing an optimal (or suboptimal) control for systems of conservation laws

  6. Module No: 420476Crimes Against State SecurityModule Title: Criminal law (general part)Pre-requisite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Office Phone Academic rank Instructor Name E-mailOffice Number Office Phone Academic rank Module applications 3. develop students skills in writing and preparing articles, reports and research papers related and formation, etc.. A/6 become abreast of the methods and paradigms of legal academic research and the sources

  7. Application of Planck's law to thermionic conversion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, F.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simple, highly accurate, mathematical model of heat-to-electricity conversion is developed from Planck's law for the distribution of the radiant exitance of heat at a selected temperature. An electrical power curve is calculated by integration of the heat law over a selected range of electromagnetic wavelength corresponding to electrical voltage. A novel wavelength-voltage conversion factor, developed from the known wavelength-electron volt conversion factor, establishes the wavelength ({lambda}) for the integration. The Planck law is integrated within the limits {lambda} to 2{lambda}. The integration provides the ideal electrical power that is available from heat at the emitter temperature. When multiplied by a simple ratio, the calculated ideal power closely matches published thermionic converter experimental data. The thermal power model of thermionic conversion is validated by experiments with thermionic emission of ordinary electron tubes. A theoretical basis for the heat law based model of thermionic conversion is found in linear oscillator theory.

  8. Current Practical Applications of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenny, W. F.

    The objectives of this paper are first, to summarize the kind of activity that has been going on since 1980 in the application of the Second Law to practical problems and second, to draw some evaluation of the direction of that work and areas...

  9. LAW SUBJECT GUIDE -I/S Non-Fiction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    al.] KE444 G62 2002 Law in Action: Understanding Canadian Law / Annice Blair ... [et al.] KE444 L39/George Alexandrowicz ... [et al.] KE444 D54 2004 (teacher's guide also available) Other textbooks Criminal law and the Canadian criminal code / Richard Barnhorst, Sherrie Barnhorst KE8809 C57 2004 Canadian case law studies

  10. Applying Mathematics.... ... to catch criminals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Michael

    Applying Mathematics.... ... to catch criminals Mike O'Leary Department of Mathematics Towson University Stevenson University Kappa Mu Epsion 2008 Mike O'Leary (Towson University) Applying mathematics Department Mike O'Leary (Towson University) Applying mathematics to catch criminals September 10, 2008 2 / 42

  11. Facebook and its EU users Applicability of the EU data protection law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Facebook and its EU users ­ Applicability of the EU data protection law to US based SNS* Aleksandra (SNS). The analysis will be conducted on the example of Facebook, which is one of the most popular SNS. The goal of the paper is to examine whether European users of Facebook can rely on their national data

  12. Essays in empirical law and economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prescott, James J. (James Jondall)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis, which consists of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions in criminal procedure and employment antidiscrimination law. The first chapter measures the consequences for offenders of expanding ...

  13. A real options approach to criminal careers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguiar de Oliveira, Cristiano

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. (2004) Criminal behavior: A real option approach with anTrigeorgis, L. (1996) Real Options. Cambridge: MIT Press.A real options approach to criminal careers Cristiano Aguiar

  14. Clinic Information and Application (Fall 2012) Revised 04/11/2012 Northern Illinois University College of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    Clinic Information and Application (Fall 2012) Revised 04/11/2012 Northern Illinois University College of Law Zeke Giorgi Legal Clinic CIVIL CLINIC INFORMATION (FALL 2012) Credits: 4 credits ­ Pass / Fail Students will be registered for: Domestic Abuse Clinic - two credits Elder Law Clinic ­ two

  15. Chicago-Kent College of Law Chicago-Kent College of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    .D. program. Business Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand

  16. MMPI scores for criminal and non-criminal adult children of alcoholics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brill, Phyllis Rose

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MMPI SCORES FOR CRIMINAL AND NON-CRIMINAL ADULT CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS A Thesis by PHYLLIS ROSE BRILL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AS, M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1988 Major Subject: Psychology MMPI SCORES FOR CRIMINAL AND NON-CRIMINAL ADULT CHILDREN OF ALCOHOLICS A Thesis by PHYLLIS ROSE BRILL Approved as to style and content by: Can ida . Lutes (Chairman of Committee) Robert R. Reilley (Member...

  17. COLLEGE OF LAW UNDERGRADUATE STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    university research centres in the areas of Environmental and Energy Law and Policy, Criminal Justice and staff from over forty countries, including countries in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and North and South America. You will make enduring friendships here and build lasting memories of your time with us

  18. Criminal Investigator | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you sure you want toworldPower 2010Conferencing andContactsCriminal Investigator

  19. Criminal Strategies and Institutional Concerns in the Soviet Legal System: An Analysis of Criminal Appeals in Moscow Province, 1921-1928

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Daniel Asher

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    worded criminal codes, judicial officials expected to followworded criminal codes, judicial officials expected to followThe criminal code defined embezzlement by officials as the “

  20. Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 W. Adams St.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Law Criminal Litigation Environmental and Energy Law Intellectual Property Law International, builds software tools, teaches classes, and supports faculty, staff, and student projects on access of risks and benefits. Emphasis is placed on forging a shared understanding of the problems at hand

  1. The UVA Program in Political Philosophy, Policy and Law (PPL) PPL is now accepting applications from students planning to graduate in 2013.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    The UVA Program in Political Philosophy, Policy and Law (PPL) PPL is now accepting applications from students planning to graduate in 2013. PPL is a selective interdisciplinary major for students who wish to study law and public policy from a philosophical perspective. PPL majors study such questions

  2. Benford's Law, its applicability and breakdown in the IR Spectra of polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bormashenko, Ed; Whyman, G; Bormashenko, Ye

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrared spectra of various polymers were treated statistically. It was established that for the absorbance spectra the Benford distribution of leading digits takes place, whereas the distribution of leading digits for transmittance spectra is random. This observation may be explained by the fact that the value of transmittance Tr is restricted, due to the physical reasons, whereas the value of absorbance is not. Moreover, the transmittance and absorbance A are interrelated by the logarithmic dependence . This observation supplies the idea that the Benford's law is valid in the situations, when logarithmic dependencies take place.

  3. Benford's Law, its applicability and breakdown in the IR Spectra of polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ed. Bormashenko; E. Shulzinger; G. Whyman; Ye. Bormashenko

    2015-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Infrared spectra of various polymers were treated statistically. It was established that for the absorbance spectra the Benford distribution of leading digits takes place, whereas the distribution of leading digits for transmittance spectra is random. This observation may be explained by the fact that the value of transmittance Tr is restricted, due to the physical reasons, whereas the value of absorbance is not. Moreover, the transmittance and absorbance A are interrelated by the logarithmic dependence . This observation supplies the idea that the Benford's law is valid in the situations, when logarithmic dependencies take place.

  4. abortion criminal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    financial assistance, support handling an abusive partner, access to mental health Biggs, M; Gould, Heather; Foster, Diana 2013-01-01 32 RESURRECTING AUTONOMY: THE CRIMINAL...

  5. A New Blackbody Radiation Law Based on Fractional Calculus and its Application to NASA COBE Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biyajima, Minoru; Suzuki, Naomichi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By applying fractional calculus to the equation proposed by M. Planck in 1900, we obtain a new blackbody radiation law described by a Mittag-Leffler (ML) function. We have analyzed NASA COBE data by means of a non-extensive formula with a parameter $(q-1)$, a formula proposed by Ertik et al. with a fractional parameter $(\\alpha-1)$, and our new formula including a parameter $(p-1)$, as well as the Bose-Einstein distribution with a dimensionless chemical potential $\\mu$. It can be said that one role of the fractional parameter $(p-1)$ is almost the same as that of chemical potential $(\\mu)$ as well as that of the parameter $(q-1)$ in the non-extensive approach.

  6. FINGERPRINTING AND CRIMINAL HISTORY RECORD CHECK ANIMAL CARE LAB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eirinaki, Magdalini

    FD- 258) and submits the fingerprint card to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for identification and a criminal history records check. The FBI will return the results of its records check risks, criminal record information will be obtained from the FBI under the guideline of this policy

  7. Violation of Laws, Losses, and Incidents of Security Concerns

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1992-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To set forth Department of Energy (DOE) procedures to assure timely and effective action relating to violations of criminal, laws, loses, and incidents of security concern to DOE. Cancels DOE O 5631.5. Canceled by DOE O 470.1 of 9-28-1995.

  8. Criminal Clinics in the Pursuit of Immigrant Rights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagly, Ingrid V.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Essay examines the clinic’s work on the lonchero case.his expertise with our clinic. 41. Minute Order GrantingCriminal Clinics in the Pursuit of Immigrant Rights: Lessons

  9. Congress, NRC mull utility access to FBI criminal files

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ultroska, D.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiences at Alabama Power Company and other nuclear utilities have promped a request for institutionalizing security checks of personnel in order to eliminated convicted criminals and drug users. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), which could provide FBI criminal history information by submitting fingerprints, does not do so, and would require new legislation to take on that duty. Believing that current malevolent employees can be managed with existing procedures, NRC allows criminal background checks only on prospective employees in order to avoid a negative social impact on personnel. Legislation to transfer criminal histories to nuclear facilities is now pending, and NRC is leaning toward a request for full disclosure, partly because of terrorist threats and partly to save manpower time and costs in reviewing case histories.

  10. The Emerging Criminal War on Sex Offenders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yung, Corey Rayburn

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article addresses four central questions. First, what is the difference between normal law enforcement policy and a “war” on crime? Second, assuming such a line can be discerned, has the enactment of the Adam Walsh ...

  11. Using shortest path to discover criminal community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magalingam, Pritheega; Rao, Asha

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extracting communities using existing community detection algorithms yields dense sub-networks that are difficult to analyse. Extracting a smaller sample that embodies the relationships of a list of suspects is an important part of the beginning of an investigation. In this paper, we present the efficacy of our shortest paths network search algorithm (SPNSA) that begins with an "algorithm feed", a small subset of nodes of particular interest, and builds an investigative sub-network. The algorithm feed may consist of known criminals or suspects, or persons of influence. This sets our approach apart from existing community detection algorithms. We apply the SPNSA on the Enron Dataset of e-mail communications starting with those convicted of money laundering in relation to the collapse of Enron as the algorithm feed. The algorithm produces sparse and small sub-networks that could feasibly identify a list of persons and relationships to be further investigated. In contrast, we show that identifying sub-networks o...

  12. Application of a unified deformation-rate law to stress relaxation of AISI Type 316 stainless steel. [LMFBR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiMelfi, R.J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A unified deformation rate law is presented and its use at describing stress-relaxation in cladding material is examined. An equation is derived based on the classical theory of rate processes for type 316 stainless steel (the reference fuel-cladding material). In this framework, a strain-rate law is evolved from the concept that plastic deformation is controlled by the rate at which dislocations move past obstacles by thermal activation.

  13. The Individualization of Punishment in Missouri Criminal and Penal Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Frederick M.

    1911-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have committed the same crime were equally guilty and it became unnecessary to give any further thought to the nature of the criminal." #1. Anthropology and Sociology in Relation to Criminal Pro­ cedure, pp.14, 15. z. The classical school did its... for science in other fields,- namely, amass facts from large numbers of observations and from them learn the underlying principles, rather than depend upon a priori reasoning to lay down a theory or philosophy. Because of using this method it has been desig...

  14. A real options approach to criminal careers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguiar de Oliveira, Cristiano

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    application to restricting illegal insider trading. Europeanbest moment to engage in crime (illegal activity). The modela high return in the illegal activity even when individuals

  15. Strategies to Address Global Warming Is Sundance Kid a Criminal?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    Strategies to Address Global Warming & Is Sundance Kid a Criminal? Jim Hansen In my opinion, it is still feasible to solve the global warming problem before we pass tipping points that would guarantee ppm yields global warming about 2°C (3.6°F) above the preindustrial level. Such a level of atmospheric

  16. TECHNICAL COMPARISON OF CANDIDATE ION EXCHANGE MEDIA FOR SMALL COLUMN ION EXCHANGE (SCIX) APPLICATIONS IN SUPPORT OF SUPPLEMENTAL LAW PRETREATMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAMSEY AA; THORSON MR

    2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    At-tank supplemental pretreatment including both filtration and small column ion exchange is currently under evaluation to facilitate salt waste retrieval and processing in the Hanford tank farms. Spherical resorcinol formaldehyde (sRF) resin is the baseline ion exchange resin for use in the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). This document provides background and technical rationale to assist in determining whether spherical resorcinol formaldehyde (sRF) is also the appropriate ion exchange resin for supplemental LAW pretreatment processes and compares sRF with crystalline silicotitanate (CST) as potential supplemental pretreatment ion exchange media.

  17. The Student Conduct Process vs. the Criminal Process The student conduct system is different from the criminal court system. Generally, the student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Student Conduct Process vs. the Criminal Process The student conduct system is different from the criminal court system. Generally, the student conduct process involves a much more informal setting than a University support person during a hearing, another major difference between these two processes

  18. Monopolizing Global Justice: International Criminal Law as Challenge to Human Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nouwen, Sarah M. H.; Werner, Wouter G.

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    in the form of ‘peoples (...) united by common bonds, their cultures pieced together in a shared heritage’, while expressing concern ‘that this delicate mosaic may be shattered at any time’ by ‘unimaginable atrocities that shock the conscience of mankind... will face justice. The Tribunal has proved that efficient and transparent international justice is possible. The Tribunal has contributed to an indisputable historical record, combating denial and helping communities come to terms with their recent...

  19. A False Promise of Fair Trials: A Case Study of China's Malleable Criminal Procedure Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lan, Rongjie

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is a Vice President of the SPC. 165. See Wang Gang, supralead to a retrial by the SPC and Liu's final execution. Seeuproar, which partly pushed the SPC to exer- cise its rarely

  20. Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse - Laws and Regulations Applicable to Geothermal Energy...

  1. Breaking into a computer : attack techniques and tools used by cyber-criminals

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Oral presentation in English, slides in English. We will show you how and why cyber-criminals attack your computers: their motives, methods and tools.

  2. Breaking into a computer : attack techniques and tools used by cyber-criminals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Oral presentation in English, slides in English. We will show you how and why cyber-criminals attack your computers: their motives, methods and tools.

  3. Is Law right for me? If you are interested in the application of rules, the control of the country and how

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    -ranging, transferable and provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector as well as specific jobs in relation of the country and how people's rights are exercised then law is well suited to you. A law degree will focus and good time management for this degree. The skills you can gain from a degree in law are wide

  4. Applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) for remedial actions at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant: A compendium of environmental laws and guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etnier, E.L.; Eaton, L.A. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 121 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980 specifies that remedial actions for cleanup of hazardous substances found at sites placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) must comply with applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) or standards under federal and state environmental laws. To date, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) has not been on the NPL. Although DOE and EPA have entered into an Administrative Consent Order (ACO), the prime regulatory authority for cleanup at PGDP will be the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). This report supplies a preliminary list of available federal and state ARARs that might be considered for remedial response at PGDP in the event that the plant becomes included on the NPL or the ACO is modified to include CERCLA cleanup. A description of the terms applicable'' and relevant and appropriate'' is provided, as well as definitions of chemical-, location-, and action-specific ARARS. ARARs promulgated by the federal government and by the state of Kentucky are listed in tables. In addition, the major provisions of RCRA, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, and other acts, as they apply to hazardous and radioactive waste cleanup, are discussed.

  5. Applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) for remedial actions at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant: A compendium of environmental laws and guidance. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etnier, E.L.; Eaton, L.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 121 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980 specifies that remedial actions for cleanup of hazardous substances found at sites placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) must comply with applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARs) or standards under federal and state environmental laws. To date, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) has not been on the NPL. Although DOE and EPA have entered into an Administrative Consent Order (ACO), the prime regulatory authority for cleanup at PGDP will be the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). This report supplies a preliminary list of available federal and state ARARs that might be considered for remedial response at PGDP in the event that the plant becomes included on the NPL or the ACO is modified to include CERCLA cleanup. A description of the terms ``applicable`` and ``relevant and appropriate`` is provided, as well as definitions of chemical-, location-, and action-specific ARARS. ARARs promulgated by the federal government and by the state of Kentucky are listed in tables. In addition, the major provisions of RCRA, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, and other acts, as they apply to hazardous and radioactive waste cleanup, are discussed.

  6. TenureTrack Assistant Professor -Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    discipline. University-level teaching is an asset. Experience with government or health care sectorsTenureTrack Assistant Professor - Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health

  7. JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, John H.

    (919) 613-7020 admissions@law.duke.edu www.law.duke.edu/admis l a u n c h y o u r g l o b a l l aw p r a c t i c e h e r e APPLY NOW law.duke.edu/admis/degreeprograms/jd-llm/ Early Application Deadlines 11@ JD/LLM in International and Comparative Law Duke Law Admissions Duke University School of Law

  8. New search tool helps in fight against child porn, permits quick capture of e-criminals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fung, Benjamin C. M.

    New search tool helps in fight against child porn, permits quick capture of e-criminals Gaby Dagher Desjardins When local police came calling with child porn allegations last January, former Saint John city to the identified criminal topics, and "New search tool helps in fight against child porn, permits quick capture

  9. Applicable or Relevant and Appropriate Requirements (ARARs) for Remedial Action at the Oak Ridge Reservation: A compendium of major environmental laws. Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etnier, E.L.; McDonald, E.P.; Houlberg, L.M.

    1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Section 121 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980 specifies that remedial actions for cleanup of hazardous substances must comply with applicable or relevant and appropriate requirements (ARARS) or standards under federal and state environmental laws. The US Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) was placed on the National Priorities List by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on November 21, 1989, effective December 21, 1989. As a result of this listing, DOE, EPA, and the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation have signed a Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) for the environmental restoration of the ORR. Section XXI(F) of the FFA calls for the preparation of a draft listing of all ARARs as mandated by CERCLA {section}121. This report supplies a preliminary list of available federal and state ARARs that might be considered for remedial response at the ORR. A description of the terms ``applicable`` and ``relevant and appropriate`` is provided, as well as definitions of chemical-, location-, and action-specific ARARS. ARARs promulgated by the federal government and by the state of Tennessee are listed in tables. In addition, the major provisions of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air and other acts, as they apply to hazardous waste cleanup, are discussed. In the absence of ARARS, CERCLA {section}121 provides for the use of nonpromulgated federal criteria, guidelines, and advisories in evaluating the human risk associated with remedial action alternatives. Such nonpromulgated standards are classified as ``to-be-considered`` (TBC) guidance. A ion of available guidance is given; summary tables fist the available federal standards and guidance information. In addition, the substantive contents of the DOE orders as they apply to remediation of radioactively contaminated sites are discussed as TBC guidance.

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK INTERNATIONAL RÉSEAU INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT DE L´ENVIRONNEMENT INTERNATIONALES NETZWERK UMWELTRECHT EU Enforcement Policy of Community Environmental law as presented in the Commission Communication on implementing European Community Environmental law Marta Ballesteros The direct

  11. The Sherman Anti-Trust Law: in its Relation to the Economic Welfare of The United Stats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schnake, Francis Dean

    1912-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    on actually raises prices. This new law, then, creates and punishes an offense previously unknown to th~ laws of the United state s or to the common law, except when criminal conspirttCy wa.s inv()lved • . Since the statu,te does n0t define ' specifically...)f condemnins crnnbinations and monopolies, European countries ap"!1rove of and foster them, as "beine; normal forms of bllsiness I)perati on 9. Coercion, for<;:!e, and f'raud, whether in small or large business, are c0ndemned "by specific statutes...

  12. Prison Industries Metering at the Texas Department of Criminal Justice: Two Years of Operational Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, J.; McBride, J.; Merka, T.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PRISON INDUSTRIES METERING AT THE TEXAS DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE: TWO YEARS OF OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE John A. Bryant John R. McBride Tom Merka Assistant Professor Chief Executive Officer Director of Utilities & Energy Texas A... in the use of energy metering to promote cost-effective prison operation. REFERENCES 1. John A. Bryant, John McBride, Tom Merka, ?State-of-the-Art Energy Sub-metering Texas Department of Criminal Justice Industries,? Proceedings of the 1st...

  13. Privatizing Public Interest Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Scott L

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    graduation, she received a public interest law foundation grant to work in the consumer rights project

  14. EPA's law enforcement authority. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session, December 19, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Criminal investigators from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its field offices testified at a hearing on whether EPA has sufficient authority to investigate criminal violations, particularly in the area of illegal disposal of hazardous materials. They reported on the agency's progress in staffing a unit with authority comparable to that of Customs and the FBI. The Justice Department opposed deputizing EPA investigators, but the committee found that investigators in the 22 states surveyed operate with law-enforcement powers. Material submitted for the record by EPA, the Justice Department, and others follows the testimony of 10 witnesses.

  15. Tellus 000, 000000 (0000) Printed December 12, 2011 (Tellus LATEX style file v2.2) Power laws and inverse motion modeling: application to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , estimating the projected apparent motion of a 3D scene onto the image plane, refereed in the literatureTellus 000, 000­000 (0000) Printed December 12, 2011 (Tellus LATEX style file v2.2) Power laws, from meteorological images we are able to estimate energy and enstrophy fluxes of turbulent cascades

  16. Chinese Business Law Postgraduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Contracts for supply and use of electricity, water, gas or heating · Contracts for donation · Contracts for construction projects · Contracts for transportation · Contracts for technology · Contracts for storage · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

  17. Research Grant Application No.756/07 Printing Instructions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    of Sentencing Reform in Israel: Disparity, Discrimination and Prosecutorial Power. Keywords Criminal Justice Gazal-Ayal et al 756/07 THE EFFECTS OF SENTENCING REFORM IN ISRAEL: DISPARITY, DISCRIMINATION of this discretion led several countries to reform their sentencing laws, with the aim of reducing sentencing

  18. SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

  19. Abstract--Security in physical environments has become increasingly important in the wake of terror and criminal activity,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biuk-Aghai, Robert P.

    of terror and criminal activity, particularly over the past decade. One of the challenges is to identify, RFID, security. I. INTRODUCTION n the wake of increased terrorist and criminal activity over the past, and this technology is being adopted by governments and private agencies around the world. This research was sponsored

  20. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

  1. 94 University of Virginia School of Law law school foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    roger h. Kimmel, Law '71 George Washington University '68 chair alfonso l. carney, Jr., Law '74 Trinity allen c. goolsby iii, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J. horvitz, Law '75 University of Pennsylvania helen Mead snyder, Law '87 University of Virginia '83 chief operating officer David h. ibbeken, Law '71

  2. Water, law, science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narasimhan, T.N.

    2007-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

  3. Statistical laws in linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altmann, Eduardo G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Zipf's law is just one out of many universal laws proposed to describe statistical regularities in language. Here we review and critically discuss how these laws can be statistically interpreted, fitted, and tested (falsified). The modern availability of large databases of written text allows for tests with an unprecedent statistical accuracy and also a characterization of the fluctuations around the typical behavior. We find that fluctuations are usually much larger than expected based on simplifying statistical assumptions (e.g., independence and lack of correlations between observations).These simplifications appear also in usual statistical tests so that the large fluctuations can be erroneously interpreted as a falsification of the law. Instead, here we argue that linguistic laws are only meaningful (falsifiable) if accompanied by a model for which the fluctuations can be computed (e.g., a generative model of the text). The large fluctuations we report show that the constraints imposed by linguistic laws...

  4. INTERNSHIP COURSE INFORMATION The purpose of the internship for Criminology and Criminal Justice majors is threefold

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNSHIP COURSE INFORMATION The purpose of the internship for Criminology and Criminal Justice office has a reference book of prior internship sites. Important! Students intending to take the internship must make an appointment with Dr. Danielle McGurrin, internship coordinator, prior to contacting

  5. SIMULATION OF ENERGY SELECTIVE X-RAY IMAGES FOR MATERIAL DIS-CRIMINATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    SIMULATION OF ENERGY SELECTIVE X-RAY IMAGES FOR MATERIAL DIS- CRIMINATION Rune S Thing1 , Syen J Carlo model is presented to evaluate the clinical benefits of optimal energy bins in spectral X-ray imaging, using the BEAMnrc code system. While energy resolving photon counting detectors have been

  6. Gas Safety Law (Florida)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the establishment of rules and regulations covering the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, testing and safety standards for installation, operation and maintenance...

  7. Pathways to Identity: Aiding Law Enforcement in Identification Tasks With Visual Analytics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruce, Joseph R.; Scholtz, Jean; Hodges, Duncan; Emanuel, Lia; Stanton-Fraser, Danae; Creese, Sadie; Love, Oriana J.

    2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The nature of identity has changed dramatically in recent years, and has grown in complexity. Identities are defined in multiple domains: biological and psychological elements strongly contribute, but also biographical and cyber elements are necessary to complete the picture. Law enforcement is beginning to adjust to these changes, recognizing its importance in criminal justice. The SuperIdentity project seeks to aid law enforcement officials in their identification tasks through research of techniques for discovering identity traits, generation of statistical models of identity and analysis of identity traits through visualization. We present use cases compiled through user interviews in multiple fields, including law enforcement, as well as the modeling and visualization tools design to aid in those use cases.

  8. assist system summary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a surprising number of American criminal laws apply outside of the United States. Application is generally a question of legislative intent, expressed or implied. In...

  9. College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Ralph R.

    College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other internationally acclaimed LLM degrees NEW Holman Fenwick Willan is proud to sponsor the LLM Prize in Oil and Gas impressive range of courses on maritime and commercial law, the new LLM in Oil and Gas Law will allow

  10. NEBRASKA LAWS CHANGE WITH NEW YEAR. Several criminal law changes took effect on January 1, 2012. These are some of the changes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    treatment, probation or parole office, continuing health care or continuing health for purposes of employment, school, and substance abuse treatment. Changes to and from driver's residence for purposes of employment, school, substance abuse

  11. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    over 80 years. Academics from the Law School have driven legal thought and debate in Western Australia in consumer law. In 2011, the Law School completed research into retail trading hours in Western Australia Stuart Kaye Dean, Faculty of Law Dean's message The University of Western Australia | 01 #12;02 | law

  12. law.wlu.edu 121School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dresden, Gregory

    . Bentley Professor of Law Scott E. Sundby, J.D. Sydney and Frances Lewis Professor of Law Sarah Kirsten Zanolli Natkin, J.D. Clinical Professor of Law Clifford R. Larsen, M.A., J.D. Professor of Law Ronald J.M. Professor of Law and Director, Frances Lewis Law Center Darryl K. Brown, M.A., J.D. Class of 1958 Alumni

  13. Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk about their respective schools in a panel discussion format. Join us and learn how in Law School Admissions Panel epresentatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk

  14. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's solar easement laws are similar to those in many other states. The law does not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, the law allows parties to enter into solar easement...

  15. Applicability of Raoult's Law to the calculation of closed-cup flash points of mixtures of 1-butanol and ethylene glycol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santamaria-Pellicer, Juan

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -PELLICER Approved as to style and oontent by: y J. (C n of C m ttee) Riohard B. nze (Member) Alberto Garoia-Diaz {Member) Newton C. Ellis ad of Department) Deoember 198S ABSTRACT Applicability of Raoult's ls. w to The Calculation of Closed-Cup Flash... special thanks to my committee ohairman, Colonel Harry Z Suggs, committee member, Dr Richard B, Konsen, and oommittee member, Dr. Alberto Garcia-Diaz I am very grateful for their help and for the op- portunity to be a part of the Industrial Hygiene...

  16. TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabry, Frederic

    Gill 3644, rue Peel Montréal (Québec) H3A 1W9 www.mcgill.ca/law en couveRtuRe IF YOU'RE A REGULAR REAd

  17. Law and Corporate Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fligstein, Neil; Choo, Jennifer

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1997. A survey of corporate governance. J. Finan. 52(2):737-1999. Employees and Corporate Governance. Washington, DC:structural change in corporate governance. J. Law Soc. 27(

  18. Immigration Outside the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motomura, Hiroshi

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local Immigration Laws, 61 SMU L. Rev. 47, 53 (2008) (notingWhat Is a “Sanctuary”? , 61 SMU L. Rev. 133, 151–54 (2008) (Improve Income Distribution, 61 SMU L. Rev. 23, 25 (2008) (

  19. Strip Mine Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law authorizes the Land Reclamation Commission of the Department of Natural Resources to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining to strip mining of coal and reclamation, review...

  20. Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbonara, Emanuela; Parisi, Francesco; Wangenheim, Georg von

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unjust Laws and Illegal Norms ? Emanuela Carbonara 1 -imposing a fine for a given illegal activity, the law raisesto peer technology for illegal music downloading. identifies

  1. Conditions Required by Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    No No Sto H 2 NoIs it required by law "Violence on children"?164.512 (c) (1) H CE may disclose to government to LEO HCE may not disclose to LEO H No Yes No Required by law: "reporting certain type of injuries"? H disclose to LEO H 164.512 (f) (1) (ii) (C)(2) It provides that the request is specific and limited in scope

  2. A client management system for criminal justice referrals to drug abuse treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pate, Wayland Gordon

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    over the years of research. Therapeutic communities are typically residential, drug-free programs offering 24-hour care and they concentrate on rehabilitation through resocialization of the addict toward more adaptive and productive pursuits. Drug...A CLIENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFERRALS TO DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT A Thesis by WAYLAND GORDON PATE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  3. Environmental laws complex, but compliance is crucial

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fognani, J.D. (Gibson, Dunn and Crutcher, Denver, CO (United States))

    1992-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports that imposition of criminal penalties for violation of environmental requirements is no longer confined to the midnight dumper or to the blatant practices of illegal pollution of rivers and steams. Criminalization of the environmental regulatory process presents serious consequences to independent oil and gas producers, who use a variety of substances in drilling and production and who generate a number of waste streams What may seem like normal operations, long conducted in a particular way, come under increasing scrutiny, and penalties assessed for criminal acts can be severe. In this new climate, oil and gas operators and their personnel must take special care to satisfy all environmental requirements.

  4. The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

  5. The Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    definitive summaries f th C Lof the Common Law · These Principles needed because Congress and stateThe Evolving LawThe Evolving Law of Software Quality Cem Kaner, J.D., Ph.D. Florida Institute on Law and Ethics in Software Engineering." Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations

  6. 94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation Board of Trustees Roger H. Kimmel of Notre Dame '62 Stanford University '70 Allen C. Goolsby III, Law '68 Yale University '61 Michael J Officer David H. Ibbeken, Law '71 Princeton University '63 President Emeritus On June 30, 2010 #12;

  7. The Copernican Model and Kepler's Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Don

    and Kepler's Laws Galileo on Motion Newton's Principia Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation Some Old

  8. Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    1015 Law as Economy: Convention, Corporation, Currency Ritu Birla* I. Law as Economy: Nomos. Law Inside/Outside Economy of an orthodox faith in economy as universal law, that is, in the free market as the law of the universe

  9. A modified law of gravitation taking account of the relative speeds of moving masses.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 A modified law of gravitation taking account of the relative speeds of moving masses,version1-9Apr2010 #12;2 Abstract A modified law of gravitation is proposed which takes account law. Its application to several gravitation problems provides a good order of magnitude

  10. FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chew Lim

    FACULTY OF LAW Centre for Commercial Law Studies SEMINAR ON FINANCIAL REGULATORY REFORM Obama recently signed into law a package of financial regulatory reforms unparalleled in scope and depth since the 1930s. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act is intended

  11. APPLICATION MASTER OF LAWS (LL.M.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powers, Robert

    Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race. Race is based forth through the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System as designated or Latino b. Not Hispanic or Latino What is your racial background (mark one or more): a. American Indian

  12. Practical Application of Second Law Efficiency Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaggioli, R. A.; Wepfer, W. J.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to drop with expansion. The net useful work output from the piston rod -- the initial exergy of the air -- is then equal to the energy given up by the air, E - EO' plus that taken in by heat transfer TO[SO - S] minus that given up to push aside...). The denominator exceeds the numerator by the amount of exergy consumed (annihilated) by the transformation plus the amount lost in effluents. Thus, for steady-state (or cyclic) phenomena: A products A products +A destroyed For any conversion...

  13. Practical Application of Second Law Costing Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wepfer, W. J.; Gaggioli, R. A.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and The Design of Heat Sys terns," Trans. A.S.M.E. J. Eng. Power, 92, (1970), 27-34. 10. Szargut, J., "Zagadniene Racjonalnej Tareyty Oplat Za Pare I Goraca Wode," GospodOJ"ka Paliwami Energia, 14, No.4, 132-135, 1963. 11. Bergmann, E. and Schmidt, K...

  14. Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oregon, University of

    Knight Law Center Eugene, Oregon ASHRAE Level I Energy Audit June 2011 Prepared for University................................................................................................................................. 6 Energy Audit Procedure and Results.................................................................................................................................................. 22 #12;| ASHRAE Level One Energy Audit3 SUMMARY The William W. Knight Law Center is a four story

  15. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Maryland has a long-standing law protecting the rights of solar energy system owners. The original law prohibited restrictive land use covenants that imposed unreasonable limitations on the...

  16. School of Law Reykjavk University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karlsson, Brynjar

    in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights. Stage and Intermediate Meeting FBE. FEDERATION BARREAUX

  17. Weyl laws for partially open quantum maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmanuel Schenck

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study a toy model for "partially open" wave-mechanical system, like for instance a dielectric micro-cavity, in the semiclassical limit where ray dynamics is applicable. Our model is a quantized map on the 2-dimensional torus, with an additional damping at each time step, resulting in a subunitary propagator, or "damped quantum map". We obtain analogues of Weyl's laws for such maps in the semiclassical limit, and draw some more precise estimates when the classical dynamic is chaotic.

  18. FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Werner

    FINANCIAL AID FOR LAW SCHOOL: A PRELIMINARY GUIDE LSAC.org #12;INTRODUCTION Legal education education is the financial aid office (or the website) of any LSAC-member law school. LSAC.org provides links to many law schools as well as several good sources of financial aid information. The cost

  19. Application for Customer Account of FAU Regionales RechenZentrum Erlangen Martensstrae 1 91058 Erlangen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiebig, Peter

    of birth: About Applicant Private Official Job title: --- Name affix: Street: Address affix: Room number and the privacy commissioner! The applicant is aware that he/she may commit a criminal offence by a misuse of the information processing systems and that the presentation of a misuse will always lead to a legal action

  20. Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jianguo

    Term statistics Zipf's law text statistics October 20, 2014 text statistics 1 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Overview 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 2 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Outline 1 Term statistics 2 Zipf's law text statistics 3 / 19 #12;Term statistics Zipf's law Model

  1. California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law & Policy Issues (Fall 2008) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls): 49696 for Environmental Law & Policy and a Lecturer in Residence at Boalt Hall School of Law. He received his law degree of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include a distinguished group

  2. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Indiana state law includes both covenant restrictions and solar easement provisions. The state's covenant restrictions prevent planning and zoning authorities from prohibiting or unreasonably...

  3. Solar Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solar access provisions in the General Laws of Massachusetts allow for the creation of voluntary solar easements to protect solar exposure and authorizes zoning rules that prohibit unreasonable...

  4. A Note on Han Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Wallace

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - sages and discusses them at length in his book, Remnants of Han Law, Vol. I. 3 One of these statutes is entitled chu mai cheng ???. 4 What this particular phrase means has puzzled scholars over the centuries. In modern times Shen Jiaben? ?? (A... as a discussion of the text. 2 His biography mentions a Treatise on Law (Fa lun ??), a General Treatise on:Law (Lü lüe lun ???) and other works.. 3 A.F.P Hulsewé, Remnants of Han Law: Vol. 1. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1955, p. 33ff. A complete...

  5. Solar Permitting Law (Oregon)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With the passage of HB 3516 in June 2011, solar permit application approval is a "ministerial function", provided a system meets certain guidelines. To qualify for this simplified permitting...

  6. POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    for the oil industry, Aberdeen's influence stretches far beyond the local region. Leading oil companies Over 500 years of teaching and research excellence A top UK Law School Dedicated Law Library containing,000 and a large international community of students drawn from 120 different countries. Ranked in the top 1

  7. Relativistic dynamics without conservation laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernhard Rothenstein; Stefan Popescu

    2006-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that relativistic dynamics can be approached without using conservation laws (conservation of momentum, of energy and of the centre of mass). Our approach avoids collisions that are not easy to teach without mnemonic aids. The derivations are based on the principle of relativity and on its direct consequence, the addition law of relativistic velocities.

  8. 40th Indian Law Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Federal Bar Association is hosting the 40th Annual Indian Law Conference. This two-day conference focuses on the significant changes that have occurred in the relationship between Tribal Nations and the United States in the last four decades. The conference will cover several topics, including climate change, Indian Law, tribal courts, and more.

  9. Say's Law and modern macroeconomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Allen, Laurel Cameron

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Many economists have debated the interpretation of what is known as "Say's Law of markets"; it has been the subject of controversy for two centuries. Jean Baptiste Say describes Say's Law by noting that the "success of one branch of commerce...

  10. School of Law Web Policy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    School of Law Web Policy Introduction The University of South Carolina School of Law website is an important communications mechanism. The University of South Carolina School of Law website includes the main School of Law website, separate School of Law centers and program sites and student journal sites

  11. Contracting Out of National Law: An Empirical Look at the New Law Merchant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drahozal, Christopher R.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    law,” the “lex mercatoria,” the “new law merchant,” “transnational commercial law,” or the like. An extensive scholarly literature explores the theory of transnational commercial law and seeks to derive its governing principles from international...

  12. Exposure to airborne metals and particulate matter and risk for youth adjudicated for criminal activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haynes, Erin N., E-mail: Erin.Haynes@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Chen, Aimin, E-mail: Aimin.Chen@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States)] [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Ryan, Patrick, E-mail: Patrick.Ryan@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States)] [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Succop, Paul, E-mail: Paul.Succop@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States)] [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Wright, John, E-mail: John.Wright@uc.edu [College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (United States)] [College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (United States); Dietrich, Kim N., E-mail: Kim.Dietrich@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States)

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Antisocial behavior is a product of multiple interacting sociohereditary variables, yet there is increasing evidence that metal exposure, particularly, manganese and lead, play a role in its epigenesis. Other metals, such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and mercury, and exposure to traffic-related air pollution, such as fine particulate matter ({<=}2.5 {mu}m) have been associated with neurological deficits, yet largely unexplored with respect to their relationship with delinquent behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ecological relationship between county-wide reported airborne emissions of air metals, particulate matter, and youth adjudicated for criminal activity. Metal exposure data were collected from the Environmental Protection Agency AirData. Population statistics were obtained from the United States Census 2000 and adjudication data was obtained from the Courts of Common Pleases from each Ohio County. Simple correlations were calculated with the percentage of adjudications, all covariates, and estimated metal air emissions. Separate negative binomial regression models for each pollutant were used to provide an estimated risk ratio of pollutant emissions on the risk of adjudication for all Ohio counties adjusting for urban-rural residence, percentage of African Americans, median family income, percentage of family below poverty, percentage of high school graduation in 25 years and older populations, and population density. Metal emissions and PM in 1999 were all correlated with adjudication rate (2003-2005 average). Metal emissions were associated with slightly higher risk of adjudication, with about 3-4% increased risk per natural log unit of metal emission except chromium. The associations achieved statistical significance for manganese and mercury. The particulate matter {<=}2.5 and {<=}10 {mu}m emissions had a higher risk estimate, with 12% and 19% increase per natural log unit emission, respectively, and also achieved statistical significance. In summary, airborne exposure to manganese, mercury, and particulate matter are associated with increased risk of adjudication. Causality cannot be proven in observational studies such as this one, but the association warrants further examination in other research studies. Comprehensive epidemiologic investigations of metal exposure in pediatric populations should include social health outcomes, including measures of delinquent or criminal activity. Furthermore, the influence of metals on the neurotoxic pathway leading to delinquent activity should be further explored. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We evaluate the relationship between air pollutants and adjudication. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Manganese, mercury, and particulate matter are associated with risk of adjudication. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Further research of metal exposure should include social health outcomes.

  13. Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

  14. Technetium Retention During LAW Vitrification

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Product Melt Pool Bubbling Unagitated JHCM (West Valley, DWPF prior to October 2010, Germany, Japan) Agitated JHCM (M-Area, WTP LAW, WTP HLW, DWPF after October 2010) * WTP HLW...

  15. Missouri Air Conservation Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law's purpose is to maintain the purity of the air resources of the state to protect the health, general welfare and physical property of the people, maximum employment and the full industrial...

  16. Surface Coal Mining Law (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This law aims to provide for the regulation of coal mining in order to minimize or prevent its adverse effects, protect the environment to the extent possible, protect landowner rights, and...

  17. Law School Event Composting Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Law School Event Composting Guide HLS SUSTAINABILITY PROGRAM JANUARY 2011 Thank you for your interest in event composting! Separating materials for composting is easy, and organic materials comprise a significant portion of event waste. Composting instead

  18. Clean Water Partnership Law (Minnesota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The main purpose of the Clean Water Partnership Law is to provide financial and technical assistance to local governments for the protection, enhancement, and restoration of surface waters. However...

  19. Georgia Waste Control Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Waste Control Law makes it unlawful to dump waste in any lakes, streams or surfaces waters of the State or on any private property without consent of the property owner. Waste is very broadly...

  20. Solar and Wind Permitting Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey has enacted three separate laws addressing local permitting practices for solar and wind energy facilities. The first deals with solar and wind facilities located in industrial-zoned...

  1. Securities Law Issues Relating to Community Solar Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The law firm Stoel Rives has analyzed the issues related to Securities Law and Community Solar both in the context of Washington state law and federal law.

  2. Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality is responsible for administering the Louisiana Hazardous Waste Control Law and the regulations created under that law.

  3. INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glass, Ian S.

    1 INFORMATION NOTE United Nations/Nigeria Workshop on Space Law "Meeting international responsibilities and addressing domestic needs" Hosted by the Government of Nigeria 21-24 November 2005 Abuja, Nigeria Background Given the growing number of benefits derived from the use of space applications

  4. ESTIMATION OF INTERFACE COHESIVE LAWS BY DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    material to mimic carbon fibres. This choice enables the use of planar specimen for which the application a composite material with specific properties a relationship between the interface adhesion and fracture conditions, (c) Interface cohesive law. 2. MATERIALS AND SPECIMEN GEOMETRY Planar glassy carbon (SIGRADUR G

  5. Ris-R-1736 (EN) Cohesive laws for assessment of materials failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø-R-1736 (EN) Cohesive laws for assessment of materials failure: Theory, experimental methods-opening reaches the critical s decreased to zero, 0 n . The bridging zone is further crack extension, the fracture laws for assessment of materials failure: Theory, experimental methods and application #12;#12;Cohesive

  6. The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION MISSION STATEMENT The Mission Statement for Law community. Law Women strives to: · Raise awareness of issues related to women's participation community that address issues of concern to women. MEMBERSHIP, OFFICERS, & COMMITTEES 1. Law Women

  7. Kepler's Laws The equation of motion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knörrer, Horst

    of a gravitational field created by point mass that is fixed at the origin. FIGURE Newton's laws give the basic. By Newton's law on gravition, the force exerted by the fixed mass on the movable mass is in the direction and Kepler's laws imply the universal law on gravitation. See ??? 2 #12;the the semimajor axis of the ellipse

  8. Essays on the economics of law, crime and discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrams, David S

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation presents work empirically investigating various aspects of the criminal justice system. Chapter one, coauthored with Chris Rohlfs, examines the judicial bail-setting process and the defendant decision to ...

  9. Law 275 sec. 1 The Environmental Law Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    -oriented government intervention. With a relatively small budget and no authority to impose household solid waste Center for Law & Technology Abstract: "An Economic Assessment of Market-Based Approaches to Regulating the Municipal Solid Waste Stream" In the late 1980s and early 1990s, it was widely reported that the United

  10. Modelling power-law spread of infectious diseases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Sebastian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Short-time human travel behaviour can be well described by a power law with respect to distance. We incorporate this information in space-time models for infectious disease surveillance data to better capture the dynamics of disease spread. Two previously established model classes are extended, which both decompose disease risk additively into endemic and epidemic components: a space-time point process model for individual point-referenced data, and a multivariate time series model for aggregated count data. In both frameworks, the power-law spread is embedded into the epidemic component and its decay parameter is estimated simultaneously with all other unknown parameters using (penalised) likelihood inference. The performance of the new approach is investigated by a re-analysis of individual cases of invasive meningococcal disease in Germany (2002-2008), and count data on influenza in 140 administrative districts of Southern Germany (2001-2008). In both applications, the power-law formulations substantially ...

  11. Research Report faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobar, Michael

    for the ageing population in Western Australia. In addition, the Crime Research Centre continues to host. Professor Erika J Techera Dean, Faculty of Law © JOAN COSTA 2013 The University of Western Australia | 01 Research student profile | 07 Crime Research Centre | 09 The Centre for Mining, Energy and Natural

  12. BA Philosophy, Politics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    BA Philosophy, Politics and Law (PPL) Module Information 2013-2014 Arts and Humanities College of www.swansea.ac.uk/artsandhumanities Department of Politcial and Cultural Studies #12;PPL at Swansea Swansea offers one of only two PPL degrees in the UK. Building on the successfully launch of our PPE

  13. Fourier's Law from Closure Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean Bricmont; Antti Kupiainen

    2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a rigorous derivation of Fourier's law from a system of closure equations for a nonequilibrium stationary state of a Hamiltonian system of coupled oscillators subjected to heat baths on the boundary. The local heat flux is proportional to the temperature gradient with a temperature dependent heat conductivity and the stationary temperature exhibits a nonlinear profile.

  14. CCPPolicyBriefing Competition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    actions (paragraphs 26 to 27). The Green Paper lays out a range of "options" for how private enforcement · A plaintiff initiates a private action based on an alleged breach of competition law. It must provide all for the Revelation of Private Information The ESRC Centre for Competition Policy (CCP), at the University of East

  15. Wind Access and Permitting Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2009, the Delaware legislature enacted a law ([http://www.legis.delaware.gov/LIS/LIS145.NSF/bfa9b1a8c49c444f852568c0005... HS 1 for H.B. 70]) prohibiting unreasonable public and private...

  16. Beyond Unions, Notwithstanding Labor Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    regime created by the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 (NLRA)1--once core elements of the nation, enforcement strategies, and rulemaking abilities.4 The labor law itself has been transformed into a weapon movement is critical to achieving a more egalitarian distribution of wealth. As the NLRA's statement

  17. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    protection law, nationality Course Level: First year Credit hours:Lecture Time: 3 Credit Hours Academic Staff to write and prepare articles, reports and research papers in addition to training them for legal writing, in terms of its sources and historical development. · Communication skills (personal and academic

  18. Absolute conservation law for black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Grumiller; W. Kummer

    1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In all 2d theories of gravity a conservation law connects the (space-time dependent) mass aspect function at all times and all radii with an integral of the matter fields. It depends on an arbitrary constant which may be interpreted as determining the initial value together with the initial values for the matter field. We discuss this for spherically reduced Einstein-gravity in a diagonal metric and in a Bondi-Sachs metric using the first order formulation of spherically reduced gravity, which allows easy and direct fixations of any type of gauge. The relation of our conserved quantity to the ADM and Bondi mass is investigated. Further possible applications (ideal fluid, black holes in higher dimensions or AdS spacetimes etc.) are straightforward generalizations.

  19. The Academic Law Library in the 21st Century: Still the Heart of the Law School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    School should not open at all. Needless to say, construction of the UC Irvine Law Library went forward, Irvine School of Law (UC Irvine Law), I was asked my opinion of a proposal to delay construction

  20. Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    Page 1 Copyright (c) 2009 Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Georgetown Journal on Poverty Law & Policy Spring, 2009 16 Geo. J. Poverty Law & Pol'y 273 SPEECH: The Redefined Hero: Discovering

  1. PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krylov, Anna I.

    of USC. The Unruh Research in Applied Politics Program supports research that addresses political topics of concern to the polity. Study Abroad: Explore the origins of Western philosophy by spending a year -- Nature, origin, and development of international law; basic principles analyzed and illustrated

  2. law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    law.wayne.edu 2014 Admissions Bulletin Blake Edwards Damon J. Keith Legacy Scholar Class of 2015 State University Board of Governors Wayne Law Board of Visitors Debbie Dingell, chair Gary S. Pollard

  3. An Economics-Based Second Law Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Karan Hemant

    Second Law efficiency is a useful parameter for characterizing the energy requirements of a system in relation to the limits of performance prescribed by the Laws of Thermodynamics. However, since energy costs typically ...

  4. Do Applicant Patent Citations Matter? Christopher A. Cotropia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    1 Do Applicant Patent Citations Matter? Christopher A. Cotropia Professor of Law University Applicant Patent Citations Matter? Abstract Patent law both imposes a duty on patent applicants to submit's patentability. In this paper, we examine the validity of these assumptions by studying the use made of applicant

  5. SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    SCHOOL OF LAW WILLIAM S. BOYD HigHligHts At the William S. Boyd School of Law, we are educating ethical and effective lawyers and leaders. We are a young law school ­ less than 15 years old. And we had the privilege of building this school from the ground up: imagining the ideal legal education, modeling best

  6. The School of Business, Economics and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Karin

    The School of Business, Economics and Law 2009ANNUAL MAGAZINE EFMD #12;Graphic design & production of Gothenburg, Jeffrey Johns/School of Business, Economics and Law, Maria Norrström/School of Business at the School of Business, Economics and Law in Gothenburg Photo by: Niklas Bernstone The School

  7. ANU COLLEGE OF LAW Dr James Prest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Climate Law and Policy Canberra ACT 0200 Australia Telephone: +61 2 6125 1689 Facsimile: +61 2 6125 4899.sen@aph.gov.au 29 August 2008 Re: Renewable Energy (Electricity) Amendment (Feed-In Tariff) Bill 2008 the operation of laws to encourage deployment of renewable energy, conducted at the ANU Centre for Climate Law

  8. Molecular Cell Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molecular Cell Previews Signaling Motifs and Weber's Law James E. Ferrell, Jr.1,* 1Department that Weber's law of sensory perception may apply to a number of cell signaling processes. Most of us can shouting in our ear. This is the essence of Weber's law, put forward by the German physiologist Ernst Weber

  9. Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    ]. Instances of Monad should satisfy the following laws: return a>>=k k a m >>=return m m >>=(x k x>>=h) (m>>=k)>>=hTesting Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Patrik Jansson Cl´audio Amaral Technical Report UU-CS-2012.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Testing Type Class Laws Johan Jeuring Utrecht University and Open

  10. Will Moores law be sufficient?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeBenedictis, Erik P.

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It seems well understood that supercomputer simulation is an enabler for scientific discoveries, weapons, and other activities of value to society. It also seems widely believed that Moore's Law will make progressively more powerful supercomputers over time and thus enable more of these contributions. This paper seeks to add detail to these arguments, revealing them to be generally correct but not a smooth and effortless progression. This paper will review some key problems that can be solved with supercomputer simulation, showing that more powerful supercomputers will be useful up to a very high yet finite limit of around 1021 FLOPS (1 Zettaflops) . The review will also show the basic nature of these extreme problems. This paper will review work by others showing that the theoretical maximum supercomputer power is very high indeed, but will explain how a straightforward extrapolation of Moore's Law will lead to technological maturity in a few decades. The power of a supercomputer at the maturity of Moore's Law will be very high by today's standards at 1016-1019 FLOPS (100 Petaflops to 10 Exaflops), depending on architecture, but distinctly below the level required for the most ambitious applications. Having established that Moore's Law will not be that last word in supercomputing, this paper will explore the nearer term issue of what a supercomputer will look like at maturity of Moore's Law. Our approach will quantify the maximum performance as permitted by the laws of physics for extension of current technology and then find a design that approaches this limit closely. We study a 'multi-architecture' for supercomputers that combines a microprocessor with other 'advanced' concepts and find it can reach the limits as well. This approach should be quite viable in the future because the microprocessor would provide compatibility with existing codes and programming styles while the 'advanced' features would provide a boost to the limits of performance.

  11. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas & Mining Environmental Law I and Oil, Gas of the area of Oil, Gas &, Mining Environmental Law; 2. communicate complex legal concepts that apply within the area of Oil, Gas & Mining & Environmental Law to a high level of competence; and 3. deploy a highly

  12. Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    Profit Neutrality in Licensing: The Boundary Between Antitrust Law and Patent Law Stephen M. Maurer a century, courts and commentators have struggled to find principles that reconcile patent and antitrust law, especially as to patent licensing. We interpret case law and commentary to arrive at three unifying

  13. Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden ermglicht, Mandanten in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic Die Idee: Durch die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic wird Studierenden rechtlich zu beraten. Die Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic bietet Ihnen eine hervorragende Möglichkeit Theorie und Praxis zu verbinden! Das Projekt: Wenn Sie sich für ein Jahr Humboldt Consumer Law Clinic

  14. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (LLM) 2010 and a description of any major papers you have authored involving any aspect of energy or clean technology law: __ _____ Please indicate the courses related to Environmental Law & Energy Policy ("ENV"), IP, Entrepreneurship

  15. Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Laws of the World Project Columbia Center for Climate Change Law Monica Molina, Columbia College '14 Supervisor Meredith Wilensky, J.D. Introduction The Climate Change Laws of the World Project is an ongoing effort at the Center for Climate Change Law (CCCL) to aggregate existing domestic

  16. Baseline LAW Glass Formulation Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kruger, Albert A. [USDOE Office of River Protection, Richland, WA (United States); Mooers, Cavin [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab.; Bazemore, Gina [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Pegg, Ian L. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Hight, Kenneth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Lai, Shan Tao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Buechele, Andrew [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Rielley, Elizabeth [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Gan, Hao [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Muller, Isabelle S. [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab; Cecil, Richard [The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC (United States). Vitreous State Lab

    2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The major objective of the baseline glass formulation work was to develop and select glass formulations that are compliant with contractual and processing requirements for each of the LAW waste streams. Other objectives of the work included preparation and characterization of glasses with respect to the properties of interest, optimization of sulfate loading in the glasses, evaluation of ability to achieve waste loading limits, testing to demonstrate compatibility of glass melts with melter materials of construction, development of glass formulations to support ILAW qualification activities, and identification of glass formulation issues with respect to contract specifications and processing requirements.

  17. Public Law 104-134

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - TProcuring SolarNo. 195 - Oct. 7,Resumption ofPublic Law

  18. air law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from any symmetry group. Jeeva S. Anandan 1998-08-24 46 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  19. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name International Commercial Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weyde, Tillman

    in a single area of law: International Competition Law Maritime Law EU Commercial Law International Energy Commercial Law Award LLM School The City Law School Department or equivalent Academic Courses Programme code a dissertation in any one of those 4 chosen areas. 2) Add a specialisation to the LLM in International Commercial

  20. Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law of the University of Alicante, is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    Tax Law and Economics Tax Law and Economics Department, with headquarters in the Faculty of Law activity in the faculties of Law, Economic and Business Sciences and Arts. Studies of 1st and 2onCycle (to 3400 Fax: (+34) 96 590 3464 Tax Law and Economics #12;

  1. BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    such as BERC@Boalt, Boalt.org, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Healthcare and Biotech Law Society, Patent Law Society, or the Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic. Include the name of the organizationBERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE OF SPECIALIZATION IN ENERGY AND CLEAN TECHNOLOGY LAW (J.D.) 2010

  2. Solar Easements & Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  3. The second law of blackhole dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koustubh Ajit Kabe

    2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, the non-generalized or restricted second law blackhole dynamics as given by Bekenstein in the beginning is restated, with a rigid proof, in a different form akin to the statement of the second law of thermodynamics given by Clausius. The various physical possibilities and implications of this statement are discussed therein. This paper is a mere venture into the restricted second law of blackhole dynamics pertaining to blackholes emitting Hawking radiation. The paper thus considers a didactically interesting reformulation of the second law of blackhole thermodynamics after some revisions.

  4. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  5. Fourier's Law for a Granular Fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James W. Dufty

    2007-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Newton' viscosity law for the momentum flux and Fourier's law for the heat flux define Navier-Stokes hydrodynamics for a simple, one component fluid. There is ample evidence that a hydrodynamic description applies as well to a mesoscopic granular fluid with the same form for Newton's viscosity law. However, theory predicts a qualitative difference for Fourier's law with an additional contribution from density gradients even at uniform temperature. The reasons for the absence of such terms for normal fluids are indicated, and a related microscopic explanation for their existence in granular fluids is presented.

  6. Renewable Energy Easements and Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Florida law forbids ordinances, deed restrictions, covenants, declarations or similar binding agreements from prohibiting the use of solar collectors (including clotheslines) or "other energy...

  7. Application APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papautsky, Ian

    in the CCM Bulletin which can be downloaded from ccm.uc.edu/admissions/ application. You will automatically be considered for a talent-based scholarship when you audition/ interview for entrance into CCM. These awards would also like to invite you to tour CCM's excellent facilities and observe some classes and ensemble

  8. Solar and Wind Easements and Rights Laws and Local Option Solar Rights Law

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon has several laws that protect access to solar and wind resources and the use of solar energy systems. Oregon's solar access laws date back to 1979 and state that no person conveying or...

  9. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-400 TDI...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Project - Comments and Motion to Intervene of Conservation Law Foundation Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-400 TDI-NE - New England Clean Power Link Project -...

  10. Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Water Quality and Water Law Headline UNL's Fifth Annual Water Law, Policy and Science Conference "Water Quality Challenges in the Great Plains" is the theme of this year's University of Nebraska-Lincoln Water, Law, Policy and Science conference. The fifth annual UNL conference is April 22 and 23 at Lincoln

  11. LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    LLM Oil, Gas and Mining Law Module Information: Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law I and Oil, Gas and Mining Investment Law II Overview & Aims: This core module aims to introduce students to the political economy background as well as the international legal framework for transnational foreign investment

  12. Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Careers in Patent LawCareers in Patent Law Mitchell Jones Partner Medlen & Carroll, LLP #12;Career position Patent law seemed like a good alternative #12;Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property Patents Trademarks Copyright Trade secrets #12;Patent BasicsPatent Basics New, useful and non-obvious Granted

  13. Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Export Control Laws and Washingtonand Washington University For Washington University Faculty Authors: Cindy White, Research Office Tina Tyson, Office of General Counsel May 2006 What are export of foreign policy and national security. *NOTE: Export control laws apply to all activities -- not just

  14. On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    On the Eigenvalue Power Law Milena Mihail Georgia Tech mihail@cc.gatech.edu and Christos H. Papadimitriou U.C. Berkeley christos@cs.berkeley.edu Abstract We show that the largest eigenvalues of graphs whose highest degrees are Zipf-like distributed with slope #11; are distributed according to a power law

  15. Status of the Fundamental Laws of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walid K. Abou Salem; Juerg Froehlich

    2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe recent progress towards deriving the Fundamental Laws of thermodynamics (the 0th, 1st and 2nd Law) from nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics in simple, yet physically relevant models. Along the way, we clarify some basic thermodynamic notions and discuss various reversible and irreversible thermodynamic processes from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics.

  16. SCHOOL OF LAW UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA IRVINE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    "There is a demand for new lawyers to be exceptionally responsive to the needs of clients. And the only preparing students for the practice of law at the highest levels of the profession. All students "By every measure we are succeeding in creating a top law school, with a faculty ranked among the best

  17. Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seevinck, Michiel

    Irreversibility and the second law of thermodynamics Jos Uffink July 5, 2001 1 INTRODUCTION The second law of thermodynamics has a curious status. Many modern physicists regard it as an obsolete relic thermodynamics, in which the state does not con- tain velocity-like parameters, one may take R to be the identity

  18. Philadelphia University Faculty of law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Academic Staff Specifics E-mail Address Office Hours Office Number and Location RankName khzoubi applications 3. develop students skills in writing and preparing articles, reports and research papers related specializations and formation, etc.. A/6 become abreast of the methods and paradigms of legal academic research

  19. Second Law in Classical Non-Extensive Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. E. Gross

    2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Equilibrium statistics of Hamiltonian systems is correctly described by the microcanonical ensemble, whereas canonical ones fail in the most interesting, mostly inhomogeneous, situations like phase separations or away from the thermodynamic ``limit'' (e.g. self-gravitating systems and small quantum systems). A new derivation of the Second Law is presented that respects these fundamental complications. Our ``geometric foundation of Thermo-Statistics'' opens the fundamental (axiomatic) application of Thermo-Statistics to non-diluted systems or to ``non-simple'' systems which are not similar to (homogeneous) fluids. Supprisingly, but also understandably, a so far open problem c.f. Uffink: cond-mat/0005327, page 50 and page 72.

  20. Second Law-Like Inequalities with Quantum Relative Entropy: An Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sagawa, Takahiro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review the basic properties of the quantum relative entropy for finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. In particular, we focus on several inequalities that are related to the second law of thermodynamics, where the positivity and the monotonicity of the quantum relative entropy play key roles; these properties are directly applicable to derivations of the second law (e.g., the Clausius inequality). Moreover, the positivity is closely related to the quantum fluctuation theorem, while the monotonicity leads to a quantum version of the Hatano-Sasa inequality for nonequilibrium steady states. Based on the monotonicity, we also discuss the data processing inequality for the quantum mutual information, which has a similar mathematical structure to that of the second law. Moreover, we derive a generalized second law with quantum feedback control. In addition, we review a proof of the monotonicity in line with Petz.

  1. SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Jianfeng

    SYNAPTIC MECHANISMS Weber's law implies neural discharge more regular than a Poisson process Jing, interspike interval, psychophysical law, spike rate Abstract Weber's law is one of the basic laws established. In this paper, we carried out an analysis on the spike train statistics when Weber's law holds

  2. Application ApplicAtion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papautsky, Ian

    in the CCM Bulletin which can be downloaded from http://ccm.uc.edu/ admissions/application.html. You will automatically be considered for a talent-based scholarship when you audition/ interview for entrance into CCM is made. We would also like to invite you to tour CCM's excellent facilities and observe some classes

  3. TEEIC Laws and Regulations Applicable to Energy Transmission Development

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolar Jump to:Holdings Co08.0 -

  4. College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    College of Law, University of Saskatchewan, Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2) The College of Law at the University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada seeks to recruit and nominate a Canada Research Chair in Law (Tier 2). The Canada Research Chair program (www

  5. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 school of law catalog 2013 #12;#12;This publication is for informational purposes and does not constitute a contract. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 Please recycle #12;The University of Kansas | 2012 ......................................................... 3 School of Law Administration

  6. Copyright Law Reform: Some Achievable Goals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacQueen, Hector L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Copyright law reform in the European Union. The chapter discusses possible actions in light of new and amended EU Directives and whether these balances rights' holders and users' interests....

  7. Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torrance, Andrew W.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the phenomena largely responsible for the current mass extinction event, and patent law offers valuable assistance in combating each one. Though it cannot offer a complete solution to the biodiversity crisis, the patent system can offer powerful tools to help...

  8. Essays in empirical law and economics/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lem, Jacklin Chou

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation, which is a collection of three essays, uses empirical methods to study questions at the intersection of law and economics. The first chapter, co-authored with Joshua Fischman, explores how supervision ...

  9. Essays on malpractice law and physician behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frakes, Michael (Michael D.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contributes to an understanding of the manner in which various dimensions of malpractice law shape physician behavior and how this behavior, in turn, impacts health outcomes. In Chapter 1, I explore the ...

  10. MARYLAND CAREY LAW 2013 40 | ALUMNI PROFILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    Public Interest Law Project (MPILP) and in 2006, Mendez was a Summer MPILP Grant Recipient, working society than public interest work," said Mendez. Mendez is now working as senior attorney at Catholic public interest work." --Michelle Mendez '08 #12;

  11. Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental Protection Division of the State Department of Natural Resources Emergency Operations Center when there is a spill or release of...

  12. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  13. AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AARP, National Consumer Law Center, and Public Citizen Comments to:DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges AARP, National Consumer Law...

  14. Decolonizing Copyright Law: Learning from the Jamaican Street Dance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mann, Larisa K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Now Open) Fears of ACTA. ” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): Yu,and Now Open) Fears of ACTA,” SMU Law Review 64 (2011): 975–

  15. age laws personal: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Law School Aspects of corporate personality and the interface between business and society Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Nottingham Law...

  16. Fractal Weyl Law for Open Chaotic Maps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stéphane Nonnenmacher

    2006-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution summarizes our work with M.Zworski on open quantum open chaoticmaps (math-ph/0505034). For a simple chaotic scattering system (the open quantum baker's map), we compute the "long-living resonances" in the semiclassical r\\'{e}gime, and show that they satisfy a fractal Weyl law. We can prove this fractal law in the case of a modified model.

  17. Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Patanjali

    Nahum Gelber Law Library A Self-Guided Library Tour Welcome to the Nahum Gelber Law Library by the library and how to locate materials for assignments, course readings, reserves etc. The tour should take you about 30 minutes. The Nahum Gelber Law Library is one of the Faculty of Law buildings on the north

  18. INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of - Department of Physics, Electroweak Interaction Research Group

    INVERSE-SQUARE LAW TESTS 1 TESTS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW E.G.Adelberger, B-1560 KEYWORDS: gravitation, experimental tests of inverse-square law, quantum gravity, extra dimensions ABSTRACT: We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law, and the wide variety

  19. Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

  20. LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roscoe, Bill

    LAWS OF PROGRAMMING A complete set of algebraic laws is given for Dijkstra's nondeterministic to deriving programsfrom their specifications. C. A. R. HOARE,1.J. HAYES,HEJIFENG,C. C. MORGAN,A. W. ROSCOE, J. W. SANDERS,1.H. SORENSEN,J. M. SPIVEY,and B. A. SUFRIN Some computer scientists have abandoned

  1. RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    RECONSTRUCTION OF A CONSTITUTIVE LAW FOR RUBBER FROM IN SILICO EXPERIMENTS USING OGDEN'S LAWS MAYA for rubber. Macroscopic quantities of interest such as the Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor can be ap: paramater estimation, multiscale modelling, rubber elasticity, polymer physics. 1. Introduction

  2. Benford's Law Applies To Online Social Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Benford's Law states that the frequency of first digits of numbers in naturally occurring systems is not evenly distributed. Numbers beginning with a 1 occur roughly 30\\% of the time, and are six times more common than numbers beginning with a 9. We show that Benford's Law applies to social and behavioral features of users in online social networks. We consider social data from five major social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus, Pinterest, and Live Journal. We show that the distribution of first significant digits of friend and follower counts for users in these systems follow Benford's Law. The same holds for the number of posts users make. We extend this to egocentric networks, showing that friend counts among the people in an individual's social network also follow the expected distribution. We discuss how this can be used to detect suspicious or fraudulent activity online and to validate datasets.

  3. Laws DOE Administers | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015LMLandLaws & LegalLaws

  4. A cohesive law for interfaces in graphene/hexagonal boron nitride heterostructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Chenxi [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida 33146 (United States); Lou, Jun [Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineering, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251 (United States); Song, Jizhou, E-mail: jzsong@gmail.com [Department of Engineering Mechanics and Soft Matter Research Center, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphene/hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) heterostructure has showed great potential to improve the performance of graphene device. We have established the cohesive law for interfaces between graphene and monolayer or multi-layer h-BN based on the van der Waals force. The cohesive energy and cohesive strength are given in terms of area density of atoms on corresponding layers, number of layers, and parameters in the van der Waals force. It is found that the cohesive law in the graphene/multi-layer h-BN is dominated by the three h-BN layers which are closest to the graphene. The approximate solution is also obtained to simplify the expression of cohesive law. These results are very useful to study the deformation of graphene/h-BN heterostructure, which may have significant impacts on the performance and reliability of the graphene devices especially in the areas of emerging applications such as stretchable electronics.

  5. The generalized second law of thermodynamics in Ho?ava-Lifshitz cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamil, Mubasher [Center for Advanced Mathematics and Physics, National University of Sciences and Technology, H-12, Islamabad (Pakistan); Saridakis, Emmanuel N. [Department of Physics, University of Athens, GR-15771 Athens (Greece); Setare, M.R., E-mail: mjamil@camp.nust.edu.pk, E-mail: msaridak@phys.uoa.gr, E-mail: rezakord@ipm.ir [Department of Campus of Bijar, University of Kurdistan, Takht Street, Bijar (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics in a universe governed by Ho?ava-Lifshitz gravity. Under the equilibrium assumption, that is in the late-time cosmological regime, we calculate separately the entropy time-variation for the matter fluid and, using the modified entropy relation, that of the apparent horizon itself. We find that under detailed balance the generalized second law is generally valid for flat and closed geometry and it is conditionally valid for an open universe, while beyond detailed balance it is only conditionally valid for all curvatures. Furthermore, we also follow the effective approach showing that it can lead to misleading results. The non-complete validity of the generalized second law could either provide a suggestion for its different application, or act as an additional problematic feature of Ho?ava-Lifshitz gravity.

  6. Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde University Law Journal House Style Important Notice The guidelines presented below MUST Paragraphs start flush to the left margin after headings or quotes. All other paragraphs must be indented the punctuation and the closing quotation mark. Quotations which are longer than three lines should be in a double-indented

  7. Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

    Extending Amdahl's Law for Energy-Efficient Computing in the Many-Core Era Dong Hyuk Woo and Hsien design constraints to analyze many-core design alternatives. The revised models provide computer architects with a better understanding of many- core design types, enabling them to make more informed

  8. A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    467 19 A Taxonomy of Tort Law Defences James Goudkamp* Introduction This chapter addresses defences". A taxonomy of defences will then be delineated. Thereafter, it will be suggested how a substantial number of defences should be categorised within the taxonomy. The analysis here will be illustrated with examples

  9. Impacts of Minnesota's Primary Seat Belt Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    for Excellence in Rural Safety Humphrey School of Public Affairs #12;CERS's "Safe Six Regardless of Residence Urban/Small City Suburban Rural/Small Town Primary Seat; . . AND IN MINNESOTA #12;Predicted Impact 2009 and 2010 CERS Reports: · Primary Seat Belt Laws

  10. Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonçalves, Paulo

    Wavelet Based Estimation for Univariate Stable Laws Anestis Antoniadis Laboratoire IMAG to implement. This article describes a fast, wavelet-based, regression-type method for estimating the parameters of a stable distribution. Fourier domain representations, combined with a wavelet multiresolution

  11. Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Mnirey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Patent Law and Complementary Innovations Yann Ménièrey CERNA, Ecole Nationale Supérieure des mines: Innovation, Patent, R&D, Complementarity I am grateful to John Barton, Matthieu Glachant, François Lévêque #12;The patent system was initially designed to provide incentives to develop stand-alone innovations

  12. QER- Comment of Western Environmental Law Center

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To whom it may concern, I provided the following comments at the public meeting in Santa Fe, NM on 8/11/14: My name is Thomas Singer, and I am a Senior Policy Advisor at the Western Environmental Law Center.

  13. Robust model comparison disfavors power law cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafer, Daniel L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Late-time power law expansion has been proposed as an alternative to the standard cosmological model and shown to be consistent with some low-redshift data. We test power law expansion against the standard flat $\\Lambda$CDM cosmology using goodness-of-fit and model comparison criteria. We consider Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) data from two current compilations (Union2.1 and JLA) along with a current set of baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) measurements that includes the high-redshift Lyman-$\\alpha$ forest measurements from BOSS quasars. We find that neither power law expansion nor $\\Lambda$CDM is strongly preferred over the other when the SN Ia and BAO data are analyzed separately but that power law expansion is strongly disfavored by the combination. We treat the $R_\\text{h} = ct$ cosmology (a constant rate of expansion) separately and find that it is conclusively disfavored by all combinations of data that include SN Ia observations and a poor overall fit when systematic errors in the SN Ia measurements are ig...

  14. Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansen, Tom Henning

    Workshop on Energy Law 12 September 2014 Venue: Institut für Energie und Regulierungsrecht Berlin, EUREF-Campus am Gasometer, Haus 13, Torgauer Str. 12-15, 10829 Berlin 10:00 The impact of the new guidelines on state aid for environmental protection and energy on the promotion of renewable energies

  15. DIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramaniam, Anandh

    Diffusion bonding To comprehend many materials related phenomenon one must understand Diffusion. The focusDIFFUSION IN SOLIDSDIFFUSION IN SOLIDS FICK'S LAWS KIRKENDALL EFFECT ATOMIC MECHANISMS Diffusion in Solids P.G. Shewmon McGraw-Hill, New York (1963) #12;Oxidation Roles of Diffusion Creep Aging

  16. The Spatial Scaling Laws of Compressible Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Bohua

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter proposed spatial scaling laws of the density-weighted energy spectrum of compressible flow in terms of dissipation rate, wave number and the Mach number. The study has shown the compressible turbulence energy spectrum does not show the complete similarity, but incomplete similarity as $E(k,Ma)=(C+\\frac{D}{\\ln{Ma}})\

  17. Using Newton's Law for Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Frampton

    2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A model is introduced in which Newton's law is modified between matter and dark energy corpuscles (DECs). The model predicts that the DEC component is presently decelerating in its expansion at 14% of the magnitude of the matter expansion acceleration. In the future, expansion of the DEC universe will continue to decelerate.

  18. On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. D. Ivashchuk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

  19. Entropy evolution law in a laser process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun-hua Chen; Hong-yi Fan

    2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    For the first time, we obtain the entropy variation law in a laser process after finding the Kraus operator of the master equation describing the laser process with the use of the entangled state representation. The behavior of entropy is determined by the competition of the gain and damping in the laser process. The photon number evolution formula is also obtained.

  20. COMPUTING APPLICATIONS APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    COMPUTING APPLICATIONS APPLICATIONS APPLICATIONS David A. Bader NEW MEXICO, USA Robert Pennington of the interconnect net- work and related software is shown by comparing the same application running on a large

  1. Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everest, Graham R

    .dewing@uea.ac.uk Ivan Diaz-Rainey (NBS) Regulation of energy and environmental markets http://www.uea.ac.uk/nbs/people/People/Academic/Ivan+Diaz- Rainey i.diaz-rainey@uea.ac.uk Catherine Wad- dams (NBS/CCP) Economic regulation, competition, energy1 Network on Law, Justice and Regulation at UEA law-justice-regulation@uea.ac.uk 21 October 2010

  2. Power-laws and Non-Power-laws in Dark Matter Halos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. N. Henriksen

    2006-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulated dark matter profiles are often modelled as a `NFW' density profile rather than a single power law. Recently, attention has turned to the rather rigorous power-law behaviour exhibited by the `pseudo phase-space density' of the dark matter halo, which is defined dimensionally in terms of the local density and velocity dispersion of the dark matter particles. The non-power-law behaviour of the density profile is generally taken to exclude simple scale-free, in-fall models; however the power-law behaviour of the `pseudo-density' is a counter indication. We argue in this paper that both behaviours may be at least qualitatively understood in terms of a dynamically evolving self-similarity, rather than the form for self-similar infall that is fixed by cosmological initial conditions. The evolution is likely due to collective relaxation such as that provided by the radial-orbit instability on large scales. We deduce, from a distribution function given by first order coarse-graining, both the NFW-type density profile and the power-law pseudo-density profile. The results are not greatly sensitive to variation about 3 in the power of the velocity dispersion used in the definition of the phase space pseudo-density. We suggest that the power 2 may create the more physical quantity, whose deviations from a power-law are a diagnostic of incomplete relaxation.

  3. Returning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships to outstanding students on the basis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    of the editorial staff of the Law Review at the University of Memphis Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law. The EditorReturning 2nd and 3rd Year Law Students The School of Law annually awards scholarships by the law school. They are open to all University of Memphis School of Law students who meet the specified

  4. Attack of the killer acronyms: The Future of IT Law 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guadamuz, Andres

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the reliance of internet technology law on acronyms, and its deeper socio-legal impact. It suggests that this resonantes for the future of research, teaching, and practice within information technology law.

  5. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures March 2013 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  6. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures November 2012 #12;Table ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  7. BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seamons, Kent E.

    -6) ...........................................................13 C. Credit for Co-Curricular (Law 793R §§1BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY J. REUBEN CLARK LAW SCHOOL Policies and Procedures September 2011 (Revised ................................................................................1 C. Speakers

  8. VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS Athanasios E. Tzavaras Abstract. These lecture notes deal with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation

  9. TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    TRANSBOUNDARY GROUNDWATER AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: PAST PRACTICES AND CURRENT IMPLICATIONS By Kyoko........................................................................................................................................ 1 2. The Notion of Transboundary Groundwater................................................................................... 3 3. Evolution of International Groundwater Management in Environmental Law

  10. Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger; B. R. Heckel; A. E. Nelson

    2003-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent experimental tests of the gravitational inverse-square law and the wide variety of theoretical considerations that suggest the law may break down in experimentally accessible regions.

  11. City of Madison- Solar and Wind Access and Planning Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Madison, Wisconsin, has established several local laws to facilitate the planning and permitting of solar and wind systems. The planning guidelines are specific to solar, while the permitting laws...

  12. Forensic imaging tools for law enforcement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SMITHPETER,COLIN L.; SANDISON,DAVID R.; VARGO,TIMOTHY D.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional methods of gathering forensic evidence at crime scenes are encumbered by difficulties that limit local law enforcement efforts to apprehend offenders and bring them to justice. Working with a local law-enforcement agency, Sandia National Laboratories has developed a prototype multispectral imaging system that can speed up the investigative search task and provide additional and more accurate evidence. The system, called the Criminalistics Light-imaging Unit (CLU), has demonstrated the capabilities of locating fluorescing evidence at crime scenes under normal lighting conditions and of imaging other types of evidence, such as untreated fingerprints, by direct white-light reflectance. CLU employs state of the art technology that provides for viewing and recording of the entire search process on videotape. This report describes the work performed by Sandia to design, build, evaluate, and commercialize CLU.

  13. Lectures notes for introduction to environmental law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwell, J.J.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This four-hour overview course is designed to briefly describe the environmental law system. The course provides an overview that managers and technical people will find useful as a beginning course or a course that puts formerly taken detailed courses in perspective. The course begins by defining environmental law and describing the legal system that establishes compliance obligations. Then, all the major Environmental Acts such as The Water Pollution Control Act, The National Environmental Policy Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) are briefly described and interrelated. All the environmental DOE Orders, selected books, and other source material are referenced. Radioactive pollutants are not discussed; however, reference material is provided.

  14. Laws of thermodynamics and game theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lev Sakhnovich

    2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a game theory approach and a new extremal problem, Gibbs formula is proved in a most simple and general way for the classical mechanics case. A corresponding conjecture on the asymptotics of the classical entropy is formulated. For the ordinary quantum mechanics case, the third law of thermodynamics is derived. Some results on the number of ground states and residual entropy are obtained rigorously.

  15. Local semicircle law for random regular graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roland Bauerschmidt; Antti Knowles; Horng-Tzer Yau

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider random $d$-regular graphs on $N$ vertices, with degree $d$ at least $(\\log N)^4$. We prove that the Green's function of the adjacency matrix and the Stieltjes transform of its empirical spectral measure are well approximated by Wigner's semicircle law, down to the optimal scale given by the typical eigenvalue spacing (up to a logarithmic correction). Aside from well-known consequences for the local eigenvalue distribution, this result implies the complete delocalization of all eigenvectors.

  16. Fractal Weyl law for Linux Kernel Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Ermann; A. D. Chepelianskii; D. L. Shepelyansky

    2010-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the properties of spectrum and eigenstates of the Google matrix of a directed network formed by the procedure calls in the Linux Kernel. Our results obtained for various versions of the Linux Kernel show that the spectrum is characterized by the fractal Weyl law established recently for systems of quantum chaotic scattering and the Perron-Frobenius operators of dynamical maps. The fractal Weyl exponent is found to be $\

  17. Power-law tailed spectra from equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Biro; G. Purcsel; G. Gyorgyi; A. Jakovac; Zs. Schram

    2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose that power-law tailed hadron spectra may be viewed as stemming from a matter in an unconventional equilibrium state typical for non-extensive thermodynamics. A non-extensive Boltzmann equation, which is able to form such spectra as a stationary solution, is utilized as a rough model of quark matter hadronization. Basic ideas about non-extensive simulation of the QCD equation of state on the lattice are presented.

  18. Alternative fuel information: State alternative fuel laws and incentives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laws and incentives related to the use of alternative fuels in automobiles are listed for most states of USA.

  19. Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 224.9 Disasters and the Law: The Legal Implications of Hurricane Katrina (Spring 2006) Units: 3 Time: Mondays 3:20-6:00 Course Description: Recent hurricanes and other natural disasters demonstrate An Unnatural Disaster: The Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. This report, spearheaded by University of Texas law

  20. Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepelyansky, Dima

    Fractal Weyl law for quantum fractal eigenstates D. L. Shepelyansky Laboratoire de Physique of such states is described by the fractal Weyl law, and their Husimi distributions closely follow the strange, and the concept of the fractal Weyl law has been introduced to describe the dependence of the number of resonant

  1. Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power laws in economics and elsewhere J. Doyne Farmer and John Geanakoplos May 14, 2008 Abstract We review power laws in financial economics. This is a chapter from a preliminary draft of a book called of it applies to power laws in general ­ the nouns may change, but the underlying questions are similar in many

  2. SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    SCHOOL OF LAW ASSISTANT DEAN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY University of South Carolina $ Columbia, South Carolina 29208 $ 803/777-8296 An Equal Opportunity Institution School of Law Computer Support Policy I. Purpose: This policy outlines the support provided for law school computers by the School

  3. Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dabeer, Onkar

    1 Analysis of An Adaptive Sampler Based on Weber's Law Onkar Dabeer Subhasis Chaudhuri Onkar Dabeer;2 Abstract Weber's law suggests a logarithmic relationship between perceptual stimuli and human perception. The Weber sampler is an adaptive, non-uniform sampling mechanism that exploits Weber's law to sample

  4. Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Isolation of stimulus characteristics contributing to Weber's law for position David Whitaker a transition between the scales that determine threshold results in the continuum known as Weber's law; Vernier acuity; Weber's law 1. Introduction The ability to accurately and veridically locate objects

  5. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fokkinga, Maarten M.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 5b Transformer and Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 5cLaw and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga #12;CIP-DATA KONINKLIJKE BIBLIOTHEEK, DEN HAAG Fokkinga, Maarten M. Law and Order in Algorithmics Maarten M. Fokkinga ­ [S.l.: s.n.] Thesis Enschede

  6. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. HereTHE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction. When I was 13, the intellectual world. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  7. THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;2 DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which

  8. Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    Viscosity and Relaxation Approximation for Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws Athanasios E with the approximation of conservation laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discussed, as suggested by the second law

  9. Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    Michigan Law School Pro Bono Program Organization Evaluation of Student Date Student Name the student perform in a professionally responsible manner? Would you supervise another Michigan Law student.) Comments or suggestions regarding Michigan Law School's Pro Bono Program. From: I certify that completed

  10. Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Certificate of Specialization in Energy and Clean Technology Law (LLM) Requirements on a topic related to energy or clean technology law through one of the courses listed below that requires of the first week of classes. C t Environmental Law & Energy Policy IP, Entrepreneurship & Energy

  11. Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hehner, Eric C.R.

    Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings Lists for loop 1/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets Strings with exit for loop 2/109 #12;Review Boolean Theory laws proof Number Theory Character Theory Bunches Sets

  12. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2006) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls on a wide array of key California environmental law and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  13. Advisory Committee Page 1 of 3 2009-2010 Seattle University Criminal Justice Department Advisory Committee Member List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION Richard Conte, Special Agent richard.conte@ic.fbi.gov Kelli Glasgow, Staff Operations Specialist kelli.glasgow@ic.fbi.gov Carolyn Woodbury, Special Agent/Applicant Coordinator carolyn.woodbury@ic.fbi

  14. Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Business Law Law plays a role in our everyday lives. You don't have to be in a courtroom to see in the business world, whether you're managing a personal business or working with corporate counsel. While the business law minor is not designed to make you a lawyer, it will help you recognize legal issues

  15. Fractional Power-Law Spatial Dispersion in Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarasov, Vasily E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb's law and Debye's screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type.

  16. Systematic Breakdown of Amontons' Law of Friction for an Elastic Object Locally Obeying Amontons' Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michio Otsuki; Hiroshi Matsukawa

    2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In many sliding systems consisting of solid object on a solid substrate under dry condition, the friction force does not depend on the apparent contact area and is proportional to the loading force. This behaviour is called Amontons' law and indicates that the friction coefficient, or the ratio of the friction force to the loading force, is constant. Here, however, using numerical and analytical methods, we show that Amontons' law breaks down systematically under certain conditions for an elastic object experiencing a friction force that locally obeys Amontons' law. The macroscopic static friction coefficient, which corresponds to the onset of bulk sliding of the object, decreases as pressure or system length increases. This decrease results from precursor slips before the onset of bulk sliding, and is consistent with the results of certain previous experiments. The mechanisms for these behaviours are clarified. These results will provide new insight into controlling friction.

  17. Fractional power-law spatial dispersion in electrodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarasov, Vasily E., E-mail: tarasov@theory.sinp.msu.ru [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Trujillo, Juan J., E-mail: jtrujill@ullmat.es [Departamento de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de La Laguna, 38271 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric fields in non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion are discussed. Equations involving a fractional Laplacian in the Riesz form that describe the electric fields in such non-local media are studied. The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for power-law non-local media are characterized. We consider simple models with anomalous behavior of plasma-like media with power-law spatial dispersions. The suggested fractional differential models for these plasma-like media are discussed to describe non-local properties of power-law type. -- Highlights: •Plasma-like non-local media with power-law spatial dispersion. •Fractional differential equations for electric fields in the media. •The generalizations of Coulomb’s law and Debye’s screening for the media.

  18. Inferring the Rate-Length Law of Protein Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lane, Thomas J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the rate-length scaling law of protein folding, a key undetermined scaling law in the analytical theory of protein folding. We demonstrate that chain length is a dominant factor determining folding times, and that the unambiguous determination of the way chain length corre- lates with folding times could provide key mechanistic insight into the folding process. Four specific proposed laws (power law, exponential, and two stretched exponentials) are tested against one an- other, and it is found that the power law best explains the data. At the same time, the fit power law results in rates that are very fast, nearly unreasonably so in a biological context. We show that any of the proposed forms are viable, conclude that more data is necessary to unequivocally infer the rate-length law, and that such data could be obtained through a small number of protein folding experiments on large protein domains.

  19. Fractal Weyl law for chaotic microcavities: Fresnel's laws imply multifractal scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Wiersig; Jörg Main

    2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate that the harmonic inversion technique is a powerful tool to analyze the spectral properties of optical microcavities. As an interesting example we study the statistical properties of complex frequencies of the fully chaotic microstadium. We show that the conjectured fractal Weyl law for open chaotic systems [W. T. Lu, S. Sridhar, and M. Zworski, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 154101 (2003)] is valid for dielectric microcavities only if the concept of the chaotic repeller is extended to a multifractal by incorporating Fresnel's laws.

  20. Physical Consonance Law of Sound Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Goto

    2005-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Sound consonance is the reason why it is possible to exist music in our life. However, rules of consonance between sounds had been found quite subjectively, just by hearing. To care for, the proposal is to establish a sound consonance law on the basis of mathematical and physical foundations. Nevertheless, the sensibility of the human auditory system to the audible range of frequencies is individual and depends on a several factors such as the age or the health in a such way that the human perception of the consonance as the pleasant sensation it produces, while reinforced by an exact physical relation, may involves as well the individual subjective feeling.

  1. Drag Law of Two Dimensional Granular Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satoshi Takada; Hisao Hayakawa

    2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Drag force law acting on a moving circular disk in a two-dimensional granular medium is analyzed based on the discrete element method (DEM). It is remarkable that the drag force on the moving disk in moderate dense and pure two-dimensional granular medium can be well reproduced by a perfect fluid with separation from the boundary. A yield force, being independent of the moving speed of the disk, appears if a dry friction between the granular disks and the bottom plate exists. The perfect fluidity is violated in this case. The yield force and the drag force diverge at the jamming point.

  2. Holographic Space-time and Newton's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Banks; Willy Fischler

    2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive Newton's Law from the formalism of Holographic Space-Time (HST). More precisely, we show that for a large class of Hamiltonians of the type proposed previously for the HST description of a geodesic in Minkowski space, the eikonal for scattering of two massless particles at large impact parameter scales as expected with the impact parameter and the energies of the particles in the center of mass (CM) frame. We also discuss the criteria for black hole production in this collision, and find an estimate, purely within the HST framework, for the impact parameter at which it sets in, which coincides with the estimate based on general relativity.

  3. Error of law and flawed administrative acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, David

    2014-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , n. 1 above; R. v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers, ex parte Datafin plc [1987] Q.B. 815, CA; R. (Cart) v Upper Tribunal (Public Law Project and another intervening), n. 7 above. 28 R. (Shoesmith) v Ofsted [2011] EWCA Civ 642, [2011] P.T.S.R. 1459... 30 R. v Panel on Takeovers and Mergers, ex parte Guinness plc [1990] 1 Q.B. 146 at 177, [1989] 1 All E.R. 509 at 526, CA, per Lord Donaldson M.R. See also R. v Secretary of State for the Home Department, ex parte Swati and Butt [1986] 1 W.L.R. 477...

  4. Planck's Radiation Law in the Quantized Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rainer Collier

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Physical research looks for clues to quantum properties of the gravitational field. On the basis of the common Schr\\"odinger theory, a simple model of the quantization of a Friedmann universe comprising dust and radiation is investigated. With regard to energy quantization, the result suggests a universal limitation of the energy spacing between neighbouring quantum states by the Planck energy. Applied to black-body radiation, a modified Planck radiation law follows. If this could be verified in the laboratory, it would provide a direct hint at quantum properties of the space-time manifold.

  5. Laws & Legal Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial602 1,39732on ArmedManufacturingJune 17, 2015LMLandLaws & Legal

  6. NAC 484 - Traffic Laws | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall, Pennsylvania: Energy Resources Jump to:MuskingumMyers-4 Jump-84 - Traffic Laws

  7. additional hard power-law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a vector of parame... Robinson, Peter M 2012-01-01 49 Zipf's law, power laws, and maximum entropy CERN Preprints Summary: Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have...

  8. McGill/Shantou Summer Law Program The Faculty of Law is delighted to announce that the McGill/Shantou Summer Law Program will be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    costs in China. Financial assistance may be requested in exceptional cases. The remainder of the costs (Guangdong Province, China), will offer an exciting opportunity for McGill and Shantou law students to learn, China, May 19-30, 2014 inclusive. Program Objectives The joint program offered by the Faculty of Law

  9. A dynamical law for slow crack growth in polycarbonate films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortet, Pierre-Philippe; Ciliberto, Sergio

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study experimentally the slow growth of a single crack in polycarbonate films submitted to uniaxial and constant imposed stress. For this visco-plastic material, we uncover a dynamical law that describes the dependence of the instantaneous crack velocity with experimental parameters. The law involves a Dugdale-Barenblatt static description of crack tip plastic zones associated to an Eyring's law and an empirical dependence with the crack length that may come from a residual elastic field.

  10. Filament velocity scaling laws for warm ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Manz, P. [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Carralero, D.; Birkenmeier, G.; Müller, H. W.; Scott, B. D. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Müller, S. H. [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States)] [Center for Momentum Transport and Flow Organization, University of California at San Diego, San Diego 92093 (United States); Fuchert, G. [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Insitut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Stroth, U. [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany) [Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Assoziation, Boltzmannstr. 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, James-Franck-Str. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of filaments or blobs in the scrape-off layer of magnetic fusion devices are studied by magnitude estimates of a comprehensive drift-interchange-Alfvén fluid model. The standard blob models are reproduced in the cold ion case. Even though usually neglected, in the scrape-off layer, the ion temperature can exceed the electron temperature by an order of magnitude. The ion pressure affects the dynamics of filaments amongst others by adding up to the interchange drive and the polarisation current. It is shown how both effects modify the scaling laws for filament velocity in dependence of its size. Simplifications for experimentally relevant limit regimes are given. These are the sheath dissipation, collisional, and electromagnetic regime.

  11. The Ultimate Law of Social Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overlander, Jacob Alphaeus

    1901-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 THE ULTIf'ATE LAW OF SOCIAL E7GLUTI0?-T. I n de termin ing the u n d e r l y i n g force? o f the s o c i a l organism, t h e o r i s t s and s c i e n t i... in the KU Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu Submitted to the Department of Sociology of the University of Kansas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts P o c i t H g y • O v e r l...

  12. $?$-Deformed Statistics and Classical Fourmomentum Addition Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Daszkiewicz; J. Lukierski; M. Woronowicz

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider $\\kappa$-deformed relativistic symmetries described algebraically by modified Majid-Ruegg bicrossproduct basis and investigate the quantization of field oscillators for the $\\kappa$-deformed free scalar fields on $\\kappa$-Minkowski space. By modification of standard multiplication rule, we postulate the $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of bosonic creation and annihilation operators. Our algebra permits to define the n-particle states with classical addition law for the fourmomenta in a way which is not in contradiction with the nonsymmetric quantum fourmomentum coproduct. We introduce $\\kappa$-deformed Fock space generated by our $\\kappa$-deformed oscillators which satisfy the standard algebraic relations with modified $\\kappa$-multiplication rule. We show that such a $\\kappa$-deformed bosonic Fock space is endowed with the conventional bosonic symmetry properties. Finally we discuss the role of $\\kappa$-deformed algebra of oscillators in field-theoretic noncommutative framework.

  13. Thermodynamic laws beyond free energy relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic laws, that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and entanglement theory.

  14. A Legal Options Approach to EC Company Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hertig, Gerard; McCahery, Joseph A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005), Enforcement of Corporate Governance Codes, ECGI LawETH Zurich). Professor of Corporate Governance and BusinessVisiting Professor of Corporate Governance at the Solvay

  15. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah's solar easement provisions are similar to easement provisions in many other states. Parties may voluntarily enter into written solar easement contracts that are enforceable by law. An...

  16. abortion law reform: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to reform Massachusetts law Materials Science Websites Summary: , and access to health care. The course benefitted from the continued dedication of an exceptional teachingAdvocacy...

  17. Maximum entropy generation in open systems: the Fourth Law?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umberto Lucia

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper develops an analytical and rigorous formulation of the maximum entropy generation principle. The result is suggested as the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics.

  18. Extended law of corresponding states for protein solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian Platten; Néstor E. Valadez-Pérez; Ramón Castañeda-Priego; Stefan U. Egelhaaf

    2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The so-called extended law of corresponding states, as proposed by Noro and Frenkel [J. Chem. Phys. 113, 2941 (2000)], involves a mapping of the phase behaviors of systems with short-range attractive interactions. While it has already extensively been applied to various model potentials, here we test its applicability to protein solutions with their complex interactions. We successfully map their experimentally determined metastable gas--liquid binodals, as available in the literature, to the binodals of short-range square-well fluids, as determined by previous as well as new Monte Carlo simulations. This is achieved by representing the binodals as a function of the temperature scaled with the critical temperature (or as a function of the reduced second virial coefficient) and the concentration scaled by the cube of an effective particle diameter, where the scalings take into account the attractive and repulsive contributions to the interaction potential, respectively. The scaled binodals of the protein solutions coincide with simulation data of the adhesive hard-sphere fluid. Furthermore, once the repulsive contributions are taken into account by the effective particle diameter, the temperature dependence of the reduced second virial coefficients follows a master curve that corresponds to a linear temperature dependence of the depth of the square-well potential. We moreover demonstrate that, based on this approach and cloud-point measurements only, second virial coefficients can be estimated, which we show to agree with values determined by light scattering or by DLVO-based calculations.

  19. Arms control and the rule of law

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanzman, E.A.

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many who speak of the end of the Cold War emphasize the warming of international relations when they speak of the momentous consequences of this event. According to this image, the half century since Trinity has been a period of sparse international communication during which the Eastern and Western blocs hibernated in their isolated dens of security alliances. Yet it is equally valid to consider the implications of the end of the war footing that has underlain the policies of all of the major military powers during the last fifty years. While meaningful international dialogue was in a state of relative lethargy during much of this period, the military establishments of the Great Powers were actively engaged in using as much force as possible in their efforts to control world affairs, short of triggering a nuclear holocaust. International discourse, at least in English, was rife with such military images as appeasement, containment, crisis stability, and tripwires. From the military posture of the U.S. and Russia a tense peace ironically emerged, but the terms by which decisions were made about controlling weapons of mass destruction (i.e., nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons) were the terms of war. The thesis of this paper is that the end of the Cold War marks a shift away from reliance on military might toward an international commitment to control weapons of mass destruction through the rule of law developed by John Rawls. The progression of agreements during this century to limit weapons of mass destruction testifies to this new development. A review of arms control agreements that the U.S. is a part of show clear growth of the rule of law as the world has left the Cold War.

  20. Downloading Competition Law from a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA): A New Strategy to Introduce Competion Law in Bolivia and Ecuador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcos, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El derecho de la competencia en Bolivia”, Rev. Derecho de laal Consumidor. Casos de Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador,INTRODUCE COMPETITION LAW IN BOLIVIA AND ECUADOR Francisco

  1. To: Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider Law Firms From: Brad Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    and the details concerning the Law Firm Diversity Program for Microsoft's Premier Preferred Provider (PPP) law that each PPP firm is eligible for a two percent quarterly or annual bonus based on whether it achieves of the PPP elections. First, we are pleased and honored to announce that all PPP firms have elected

  2. The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brody, James P.

    The Cultural Power of Law? Conjunctive Readings Bill Maurer Sally Merry's (1999) Colonizing Hawai'i: The Cultural Power of Law provides a compelling account of the cultural transformation of the Kingdom of Hawaii: Adulterers had the ``choice'' to work off their sentences by building roads for the chiefs. And people deemed

  3. Two samples test for discrete power-law distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bessi, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Power-law distributions occur in wide variety of physical, biological, and social phenomena. In this paper, we propose a statistical hypothesis test based on the log-likelihood ratio to assess whether two samples of discrete data are drawn from the same power-law distribution.

  4. Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Weber's Law and Weberized TV Restoration Jianhong Shen School of Mathematics University the influence of human vi­ sion psychology. Weber's Law in psychology and psychophysics claims that hu­ man [Physica D, 60:259­268, 1992]. We study the issues of existence and uniqueness for the pro­ posed Weberized

  5. The Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuipers, Benjamin

    Introduction Much control theory is based on linear models. This works very well for steady state regulation cation." Again, design and validation of these control laws is based primarily on experienceThe Composition and Validation of Heterogeneous Control Laws Benjamin Kuipersy University of Texas

  6. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  7. W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    W&L Law Program Facts: # of Clinics: 6 # of Students Participating in Clinics: 61 # of Students Endowment Opportunities Clinic Endowment $1,500,000 The Third Year Program requires every student to have their work in the clinics. The Law School currently has six clinics: Black Lung, Tax, Community Legal

  8. UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC Where we began

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE LAW CLINIC #12;Where we began Launched in October 2003 by Professor Donald Nicolson. The first university Law Clinic in Scotland. Provides free legal assistance to people Prisons Project Initial Advice Clinics Consumer Project Innocence Project Schools Project #12;Peer

  9. Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    Strathclyde Law School "The Politics of Biotechnology Regulation ­ Perceptions of morality, trade, and EU-China and Politics in RiskRegulation of GMOs: A Comparison between the EU and China" 2:45 ­ 3:15 Coffee Break 3Law, Technology and Development Opportunities and Challenges in EU-China Relations 11 November 2014

  10. Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Remote Stabilization via Communication Networks with a Distributed Control Law Emmanuel Witrant the problem of remote stabilization via communication networks involving some time- varying delays of known average dynamics. This problem arises when the control law is remotely implemented and leads

  11. Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    ARTICLES Entanglement theory and the second law of thermodynamics FERNANDO G. S. L. BRAND~AO1 aim to draw from them formal analogies to the second law of thermodynamics; however, whereas relationship with thermodynamics may be established when considering all non-entangling transformations

  12. Conservation laws in gravitational theories with general nonminimal coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld

    2013-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the Lagrange-Noether methods to derive the conservation laws for models in which matter interacts nonminimally with the gravitational field. The nonminimal coupling function can depend arbitrarily on the gravitational field strength. The obtained result generalizes earlier findings. The generalized conservation laws provide the basis for the derivation of the equations of motion for the nonminimally coupled test bodies.

  13. Relic gravitational waves and the generalized second law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    German Izquierdo; Diego Pavon

    2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is applied to the present era of accelerated expansion of the Universe. In spite of the fact that the entropy of matter and relic gravitational waves inside the event horizon diminish, the mentioned law is fulfilled provided that the expression for the entropy density of the gravitational waves satisfies a certain condition.

  14. Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatton, Les

    Modulated power-law behaviour in Stirling's approximation Les Hatton CISM, University of Kingston. This argument used Stirling's approximation which limits its relevance to larger component sizes. Although power to broaden Stirling's approximation to see if it corresponds with the departures from power-law observed

  15. California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Law 273.71 California Environmental Law and Policy Issues (Spring 2007) Units: 2 CCN (2Ls/3Ls and policy issues. Guest speakers include academics, practicing environmental attorneys, and non. For approximately 25 years, he specialized in environmental and land use litigation, representing the State

  16. A Kinematic Conservation Law in Free Surface Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Gavrilyuk; Henrik Kalisch; Zahra Khorsand

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The Green-Naghdi system is used to model highly nonlinear weakly dispersive waves propagating at the surface of a shallow layer of a perfect fluid. The system has three associated conservation laws which describe the conservation of mass, momentum, and energy due to the surface wave motion. In addition, the system features a fourth conservation law which is the main focus of this note. It is shown how this fourth conservation law can be interpreted in terms of a concrete kinematic quantity connected to the evolution of the tangent velocity at the free surface. The equation for the tangent velocity is first derived for the full Euler equations in both two and three dimensional flows, and in both cases, it gives rise to an approximate balance law in the Green-Naghdi theory which turns out to be identical to the fourth conservation law for this system.

  17. Power-law connections: From Zipf to Heaps and beyond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eliazar, Iddo I., E-mail: eliazar@post.tau.ac.il [Holon Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102 (Israel); Cohen, Morrel H., E-mail: mcohen@physics.rutgers.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we explore the asymptotic statistics of a general model of rank distributions in the large-ensemble limit; the construction of the general model is motivated by recent empirical studies of rank distributions. Applying Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses we establish a comprehensive set of closed-form results linking together rank distributions, probability distributions, oligarchy sizes, and innovation rates. In particular, the general results reveal the fundamental underlying connections between Zipf’s law, Pareto’s law, and Heaps’ law—three elemental empirical power-laws that are ubiquitously observed in the sciences. -- Highlights: ? The large-ensemble asymptotic statistics of rank distributions are explored. ? Lorenzian, oligarchic, and Heapsian asymptotic analyses are applied. ? Associated oligarchy sizes and induced innovation rates are analyzed. ? General elemental statistical connections are established. ? The underlying connections between Zipf’s, Pareto’s and Heaps’ laws are unveiled.

  18. Copyright 2013 Michael Ian Shamos Glossary of Terms for the course "Law of Computer Technology"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    is that it is private and usually faster and cheaper than litigating in the courts. American Society of Composers owners. appeal ­ The process by which a court reviews the actions of another, lower, court. appellate STANDARD OF PROOF in criminal cases. For conviction, the trier of fact must find every element of the crime

  19. Victim of Identity Theft or Fraud Immediately report the crime to your local law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    as the anticipation, the recognition and the appraisal of a crime risk and the initiation of some action to remove Theft Dumpster Diving ­ Is when criminals go through your trash to obtain thrown out mail that contains legitimate enterprise in an attempt to obtain private information. Vishing ­ Is contacting the public via

  20. The Radiometric Bode's Law and Extrasolar Planets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Lazio; W. M. Farrell; Jill Dietrick; Elizabeth Greenlees; Emily Hogan; Christopher Jones; L. A. Hennig

    2004-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We predict the radio flux densities of the extrasolar planets in the current census, making use of an empirical relation--the radiometric Bode's Law--determined from the five ``magnetic'' planets in the solar system (Earth and the four gas giants). Radio emission from these planets results from solar-wind powered electron currents depositing energy in the magnetic polar regions. We find that most of the known extrasolar planets should emit in the frequency range 10--1000 MHz and, under favorable circumstances, have typical flux densities as large as 1 mJy. We also describe an initial, systematic effort to search for radio emission in low radio frequency images acquired with the Very Large Array. The limits set by the VLA images (~ 300 mJy) are consistent with, but do not provide strong constraints on, the predictions of the model. Future radio telescopes, such as the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) and the Square Kilometer Array (SKA), should be able to detect the known extrasolar planets or place austere limits on their radio emission. Planets with masses much lower than those in the current census will probably radiate below 10 MHz and will require a space-based array.

  1. Determining the extragalactic extinction law with SALT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido Finkelman; Noah Brosch; Alexei Y. Kniazev; David Buckley; Darragh O'Donoghue; Yas Hashimoto; Nicola Loaring; Encarni Romero; Martin Still; Petri Vaisanen

    2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present CCD imaging observations of early-type galaxies with dark lanes obtained with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT) during its performance-verification phase. We derive the extinction law by the extragalactic dust in the dark lanes in the spectral range 1.11mu m^{-1} < lambda^{-1} < 2.94 mu m^{-1} by fitting model galaxies to the unextinguished parts of the image, and subtracting from these the actual images. We find that the extinction curves run parallel to the Galactic extinction curve, which implies that the properties of dust in the extragalactic enviroment are similar to those of the Milky Way. The ratio of the total V band extinction to the selective extinction between the V and B bands is derived for each galaxy with an average of 2.82+-0.38, compared to a canonical value of 3.1 for the Milky Way. The similar values imply that galaxies with well-defined dark lanes have characteristic dust grain sizes similar to those of Galactic dust.

  2. From Key Numbers to Keywords: How Automation Has Transformed the Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 563 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 564 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 565 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 566 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 567 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 568 2002 Hein...Online -- 94 Law Libr. J. 569 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 570 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 571 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 572 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 573 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J. 574 2002 HeinOnline -- 94 Law Libr. J...

  3. OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dixon, Juan

    About OGEL OGEL (Oil, Gas & Energy Law Intelligence): Focussing on recent developments in the area of oil-gas-energy law, regulation, treaties, judicial and arbitral cases, voluntary guidelines, tax and contracting, including the oil-gas- energy geopolitics. For full Terms & Conditions and subscription rates

  4. Non maximal cyclically monotone graphs and construction of a bipotential for the Coulomb's dry friction law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buliga, Marius; Vallee, Claude

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show a surprising connexion between a property of the inf convolutions of a family of convex lower semicontinuous functions and the fact that intersections of maximal cyclically monotone graphs are the critical set of a bipotential. We then extend the results from arXiv:math/0608424v4 to bipotentials convex covers, generalizing the notion of a bi-implicitly convex lagrangian cover. As an application we prove that the bipotential related to Coulomb's friction law is related to a specific bipotential convex cover with the property that any graph of the cover is non maximal cyclically monotone.

  5. M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) 2nd Law of Thermodynamics 1 The Second Law of Thermodynamics The second law of thermodynamics asserts that processes occur it satisfies both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics. The second law also asserts that energy

  6. LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Page 1 LEXSEE 16 BERKELEY TECH L J 1 Copyright (c) 2001 Berkeley Technology Law Journal Berkeley Technology Law Journal 2001 16 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 LENGTH: 3937 words ANNUAL REVIEW OF LAW AND TECHNOLOGY Law Journal; J.D. candidate, 2001, Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley; Ph

  7. Fast Spectral Fitting of Hard X-Ray Bremsstrahlung from Truncated Power-Law Electron Spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Brown; J. Kasparova; A. M. Massone; M. Piana

    2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Hard X-Ray bremsstrahlung continuum spectra, such as from solar flares, are commonly described in terms of power-law fits, either to the photon spectra themselves or to the electron spectra responsible for them. In applications various approximate relations between electron and photon spectral indices are often used for energies both above and below electron low-energy cutoffs. We examine the form of the exact relationships in various situations, and for various cross-sections, showing that empirical relations sometimes used can be highly misleading and consider how to improve fitting procedures. We obtain expressions for photon spectra from single, double and truncated power-law electron spectra for a variety of cross-sections and for the thin and thick target models and simple analytic expressions for the Bethe-Heitler cases. We show that above a low-energy cutoff the Kramers and Bethe-Heitler results match reasonably well with results for exact cross-sections up to energies around 100 keV; that below the low-energy cutoff, Kramers and other constant spectral index forms commonly used are very poor approximations to accurate results; but that our analytical forms are a very good match. Analytical forms of the Bethe-Heitler photon spectra from general power-law electron spectra are an excellent match to exact results for both thin and thick targets and they enable much faster spectral fitting than evaluation of the full spectral integrations.

  8. A switched state feedback law for the stabilization of LTI systems.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santarelli, Keith R.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Inspired by prior work in the design of switched feedback controllers for second order systems, we develop a switched state feedback control law for the stabilization of LTI systems of arbitrary dimension. The control law operates by switching between two static gain vectors in such a way that the state trajectory is driven onto a stable n - 1 dimensional hyperplane (where n represents the system dimension). We begin by briefly examining relevant geometric properties of the phase portraits in the case of two-dimensional systems to develop intuition, and we then show how these geometric properties can be expressed as algebraic constraints on the switched vector fields that are applicable to LTI systems of arbitrary dimension. We then derive necessary and sufficient conditions to ensure stabilizability of the resulting switched system (characterized primarily by simple conditions on eigenvalues), and describe an explicit procedure for designing stabilizing controllers. We then show how the newly developed control law can be applied to the problem of minimizing the maximal Lyapunov exponent of the corresponding closed-loop state trajectories, and we illustrate the closed-loop transient performance of these switched state feedback controllers via multiple examples.

  9. Parens Patriae Litigation to Redress Societal Damages from the BP Oil Spill: The Latest Stage in the Evolution of Crimtorts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rustad, Michael L.; Koenig, Thomas H.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    actions potentially fill the enforcement gap left by the inadequacies of legislation, regu- lation, criminal law, and litigation by private

  10. America and the Misshaping of a New World Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunn, Giles; Gutiérrez-Jones, Carl

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the World Tribunal on Iraq (WTI) held in Istanbul in Juneinternational criminal law. The WTI heard testimony from ?

  11. CENTER FOR U.S. AND MEXICAN LAW UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON LAW CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    of internships with Pemex and with the Mexican Foreign Ministry (Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores to applicants available for the full summer): 2. Internship Preference (Pemex or Foreign Ministry

  12. School of Law Catalog 2008-2009 Vol. 2009, No. 2, June 30, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    School of Law Catalog 2008-2009 Vol. 2009, No. 2, June 30, 2008 Periodical postage paid at Lawrence ........................................................ 3 The University of Kansas Administration .................................. 3 School of Law Administration ...................................................... 3 The School of Law and Its Programs

  13. Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study: Reducing Water Consumption of Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation Report to Congress U.S. Department of Energy This report is being of the Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106

  14. Application for Employment Boise State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrash, Warren

    Application for Employment Boise State University Federal law obligates us to provide reasonable offered employment by Boise State University will be required to provide proof of identity and eligibility for employment. IDENTIFYING INFORMATION OFFICE USE ONLY Position Applied For: LAST NAME FIRST NAME MIDDLE Mailing

  15. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  16. OBTAINING LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS FOR IDEAL GASES USING ELASTIC COLLISIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montgomery-Smith, Stephen

    momenta. In [3], this work was used to simulate the Carnot cycle. This paper gives a slightly different Newtonian. For example, the motion is reversible, thus demonstrating that the second law of thermodynamics

  17. LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Pei

    LETTER TO A LAW STUDENT INTERESTED IN SOCIAL JUSTICE WILLIAM P. QUIGLEY* Dear Bridgette: I am. For further reading on this topic, see William P. Quigley, Revolution- ary Lawyering: Addressing the Root

  18. www.postersession.com Conformal Conservation Laws and Geometric Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Brian

    Equations · Schrdinger Equations · Shallow-Water Equations Many conservation laws are derived directly from in conformal multi-symplectic form Residual in local conformal probability Residual in total conformal

  19. Numerical modelling of hyperbolic conservation laws using bicharacteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin

    volume methods -1- #12;Overview I. Hyperbolic Conservation Laws Theory of bicharacteristics and evolution, bicharacteritsics stability, accuracy, error analysis III. Numerical Experiments: Wave equation system, Euler eqs finite volume methods -2- #12;· airflow · hydraulic schock · meteorological flow Source: efluid

  20. mer School of Law faculty member Sumner M.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Bennett

    that will kick-start the construction of an addition to LAW's main tower on the Charles River Campus. "On behalf assistant at the time, went on to become general counsel of National Amusements, the theatrical exhibition

  1. Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihail, Milena

    1 Random Walks with Lookahead in Power Law Random Graphs Milena Mihail Amin Saberi Prasad Tetali Georgia Institute of Technology Email: mihail, saberi¡ @cc.gatech.edu tetali@math.cc.gatech.edu Abstract

  2. Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swingle, Brian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta < d-1$ obey the area law, while systems with $\\theta = d-1$ can violate the area law at most logarithmically. We also discuss the case of frustration-free Hamiltonians and show that to violate the area law more than logarithmically these systems must have an unusually large number of low energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.

  3. Dynamic intrahousehold bargaining, matrimonial property law and suicide in Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam, Christopher; Hoddinott, John; Ligon, Ethan A.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PROPERTY LAW AND SUICIDE IN CANADA Gar?nkel, B. and H.Economy 82, 83–98. Health and Welfare Canada (1989).Suicide in canada. Technical report, National Task Force on

  4. Presumption of Noninfringement: Amending the Law on Educational Fair Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurman, Diane

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Law Review, 74, 617-655. Sony v. Universal City Studios, 464Court, in the case of Sony v. Universal City Studios,rigid bright-line approach” (Sony v. Universal City Studios,

  5. "Law As . . .": Theory and Practice in Legal History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    arguments Orren would elaborate in her book Belated Feudalism.2 The metaphysics in Orren's title were those & Andrew J. King eds., 1992). 2. KAREN ORREN, BELATED FEUDALISM: LABOR, THE LAW, AND LIBERAL DEVELOPMENT

  6. VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS OF CONSERVATION LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tzavaras, Athanasios E.

    VISCOSITY AND RELAXATION APPROXIMATIONS FOR HYPERBOLIC SYSTEMS deal with the approximation of conservation * *laws via viscosity or relaxation. The following topics are covered: The general structure of viscosity and relaxation approximations is discu

  7. Preliminary Investigation of Sulfur Loading in Hanford LAW Glass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Buchmiller, William C.; Ricklefs, Joel S.

    2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A preliminary estimate was developed for loading limits for high-sulfur low-activity waste (LAW) feeds that will be vitrified into borosilicate glass at the Hanford Site in the waste-cleanup effort. Previous studies reported in the literature were consulted to provide a basis for the estimate. The examination of previous studies led to questions about sulfur loading in Hanford LAW glass, and scoping tests were performed to help answer these questions. These results of these tests indicated that a formulation approach developed by Vienna and colleagues shows promise for maximizing LAW loading in glass. However, there is a clear need for follow-on work. The potential for significantly lowering the amount of LAW glass produced at Hanford (after the initial phase of processing) because of higher sulfur tolerances may outweigh the cost and effort required to perform the necessary testing.

  8. First law energy balance as a data screening tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...

  9. Welcoming the Outsider: Local Construction of the Law towards Immigrants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Linda M.

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the local construction of law on the street regarding immigrants. Local agencies play a key role in immigration enforcement and in providing services to immigrants. They are increasingly the face ...

  10. Centre for Environmental Law -Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yan

    : · As an institution we function as a sustainable community, embodying responsible consumption of energy, water, foodCentre for Environmental Law - Macquarie Sustainability Macquarie University Self-Guided Sustainability Tour #12;Acknowledgements Self-Guided Sustainability Tour Macquarie University Centre

  11. Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law (Tennessee)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Petroleum Products and Alternative Fuels Tax Law is relevant to all natural gas and/or biofuel projects. Compressed Natural Gas CNG, petroleum product and/or alternative dealers must apply for...

  12. Solar and Wind Easements and Local Option Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Minnesota law provides for the creation of solar and wind easements for solar and wind-energy systems. As in many other states, these easements are voluntary contracts. However, unlike similar...

  13. Solar Easements and Local Option Solar Rights Laws

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York's real property laws allow for the creation of solar easements. Like those in many other states, these are voluntary contracts which must be entered into in order to ensure uninterrupted...

  14. Hanford Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Low Activity Waste (LAW) Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR) Na-Al-Si (NAS) Waste Form Qualification C.M. Jantzen and E.M. Pierce November 18, 2010 2 Participating Organizations 3...

  15. Louisiana Solid Waste Management and Resource Recovery Law (Louisiana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality manages solid waste for the state of Louisiana under the authority of the Solid Waste Management and Resource Recover Law. The Department makes...

  16. Analysis of self-similar solutions of multidimensional conservation laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keyfitz, Barbara

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This project focused on analysis of multidimensional conservation laws, specifically on extensions to the study of self-siminar solutions, a project initiated by the PI. In addition, progress was made on an approach to studying conservation laws of very low regularity; in this research, the context was a novel problem in chromatography. Two graduate students in mathematics were supported during the grant period, and have almost completed their thesis research.

  17. Tolman's law in linear irreversible thermodynamics: a kinetic theory approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Sandoval-Villalbazo; A. L. Garcia-Perciante; D. Brun-Battistini

    2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper it is shown that Tolman's law can be derived from relativistic kinetic theory applied to a simple fluid in a BGK-like approximation. Using this framework, it becomes clear that the contribution of the gravitational field can be viewed as a cross effect that resembles the so-called \\emph{Thomson effect} in irreversible thermodynamics. A proper generalization of Tolman's law in an inhomogeneous medium is formally established based on these grounds.

  18. Perturbed Power-law parameters from WMAP7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minu Joy; Tarun Souradeep

    2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices, in contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  19. Perturbed Power-law parameters from WMAP7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joy, Minu

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices, in contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  20. Physical process first law and caustic avoidance for Rindler horizon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srijit Bhattacharjee; Sudipta Sarkar

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the perturbation induced by a slowly rotating massive object as it passes through a Rindler horizon. It is shown that the passage of this object can be approximately modeled as Delta\\,function type tidal distortions hitting the horizon. Further, following the analysis presented by Amsel, Marolf and Virmani related to the issue of the validity of physical process first law, we establish a condition on the size of the object so that this law holds for the Rindler horizon.

  1. Weekly Disambiguations of US Patent Grants and Applications Gabe Fierro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    Weekly Disambiguations of US Patent Grants and Applications Gabe Fierro Benjamin Balsmeie Guan patent data. The tools disambiguate inventor, assignee, law rm, and location names mentioned on each granted US patent since 1975 and all applications since 2001. While parts of this rst version are crude

  2. A New Polyethylene Scattering Law Determined Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lavelle, Christopher M [ORNL; Liu, C [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Stone, Matthew B [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monte Carlo neutron transport codes such as MCNP rely on accurate data for nuclear physics cross-sections to produce accurate results. At low energy, this takes the form of scattering laws based on the dynamic structure factor, S (Q, E). High density polyethylene (HDPE) is frequently employed as a neutron moderator at both high and low temperatures, however the only cross-sections available are for T =300 K, and the evaluation has not been updated in quite some time. In this paper we describe inelastic neutron scattering measurements on HDPE at 5 and 300 K which are used to improve the scattering law for HDPE. We describe the experimental methods, review some of the past HDPE scattering laws, and compare computations using these models to the measured S (Q, E). The total cross-section is compared to available data, and the treatment of the carbon secondary scatterer as a free gas is assessed. We also discuss the use of the measurement itself as a scattering law via the 1 phonon approximation. We show that a scattering law computed using a more detailed model for the Generalized Density of States (GDOS) compares more favorably to this experiment, suggesting that inelastic neutron scattering can play an important role in both the development and validation of new scattering laws for Monte Carlo work.

  3. Scaling Laws for Reduced-Scale Tests of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems in Non-Newtonian Slurries: Mixing Cavern Behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, Perry A.; Kurath, Dean E.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Barnes, Steven M.; Etchells, Arthur W.

    2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) under construction at the Hanford Site will use pulse jet mixer (PJM) technology for mixing and gas retention control applications in tanks expected to contain waste slurries exhibiting a non-Newtonian rheology. This paper presents the results of theoretical and experimental studies undertaken to establish a methodology to perform reduced-scale mixing tests with PJM systems in non-Newtonian fluids. A theoretical model for mixing cavern formation from steady and pulsed jets is developed and compared with data from a single unsteady jet in a yield stress simulant. Dimensional analysis is used to identify the important dimensionless parameters affecting mixing performance in more complex systems. Scaling laws are proposed based on the modeling and dimensional analysis. Experimental validation of the scaling laws governing unsteady jet mixing in non-Newtonian fluids are also presented. Tests were conducted at three scales using two non-Newtonian simulants. The data were compared non-dimensionally, and the important scale laws were confirmed. The key dimensionless parameters were found to be the Strouhal number (which describes unsteady pulse jet mixer operation), the yield Reynolds number (which governs cavern formation due to non-Newtonian fluid behavior), and the viscous Reynolds number (which determines the flow regime and the degree of turbulence). The experimentally validated scaling laws provide the basis for reduced scale testing of prototypic WTP mixing systems. It is argued that mixing systems developed from reduced scale testing will produce conservative designs at full scale.

  4. Rule by Law in Ethiopia: Rendering Constitutional Limits on Government Power Nonsensical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abebe, Adem

    and substantive, “thin” and “thick” conceptions of the rule of law. This paper will assess the constitutional basis and understanding of the rule of law and limits on government power in Ethiopia. It discusses the manifestation of rule by law or the law of rules...

  5. SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Peter

    - 1 - SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY WITH LAW ENCODING DIAGRAMS Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre for Research the concept of Law Encoding Diagrams, LEDs, and argues that they have had a role in scientific discovery the underlying relations of a law, or a system of simultaneous laws, in the structure of a diagram by the means

  6. memphis.edu/law A 2 0 1 2 -2 0 1 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dasgupta, Dipankar

    memphis.edu/law A 2 0 1 2 - 2 0 1 3 #12;B www.memphis.edu/law The University of Memphis Cecil C are considering the Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law as you plan for a legal career. We are building upon our 3 The Cecil C. Humphreys School of Law: Preparation for Tomorrow The Cecil C. Humphreys School

  7. Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion Charles Byrne (Charles Byrne@uml.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Charles

    strong evidence for Newton's law of universal gravitation. 1 Preliminaries Kepler worked from 1601's law of universal gravitation. How Kepler discovered these laws without the aid of analytic geometry's inverse square law for gravitational attraction. 2 A Little Vector Calculus We consider a body

  8. Package and PCB solutions for high-speed data link applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalantarian, Asad

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Continual increase in high-speed transfer rates is essential in today's world in order to keep up with Moor's law scaling and to meet application demands. This increase in information transfer rates is essentially limited ...

  9. The importance of domestic law to international arms control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lehman, R.F. II

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies of arms control and disarmament tend to focus on political, military, and diplomatic processes. Recently, in the context of the conversion of defense activities to civilian use, the economic aspects of arms control have also received renewed interest. The legal dimension, however, is in need of fresh examination. Both international and domestic law are sailing increasingly in uncharted waters. Recent arms control agreements and related developments in international peacekeeping have expanded the scope of international law and altered how one perceives certain fundamentals, including the principle of national sovereignty. Still, the nation state is largely unchallenged as the primary actor in international affairs. National governments retain near absolute sovereign rights and responsibilities even in an age of trans-national economic integration and codified international norms for human rights, freedom of the press, and the peaceful resolution of disputes. Indeed, the role of domestic law in arms control and disarmament may be more significant now than ever before. A brief review of relationships between arms control and domestic law should illustrate ways in which ones thinking has been underestimating the importance of domestic law. Hopefully, this survey will set the stage properly for the excellent, more detailed case studies by Elinor Hammarskjold and Alan Crawford. Toward that end, this paper will highlight a number of more general, and sometimes provocative, themes. These themes should be kept in mind when those two complementary presentations are considered.

  10. Copyright 2009 by Northwestern University School of Law Printed in U.S.A. Northwestern University Law Review Vol. 103, No. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Copyright 2009 by Northwestern University School of Law Printed in U.S.A. Northwestern University Law Review Vol. 103, No. 4 1 RECONCEPTUALIZING TRESPASS Gideon Parchomovsky* & Alex Stein............................................................................ 22 C. The Market-Rent Exception

  11. Implementation Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazhdan, Michael

    ;Outline Theory Implementation Applications Background Intuition Definition Delaunay Triangulation Shape-Dimensional Shapes #12;Outline Theory Implementation Applications Background Intuition Definition Delaunay;Outline Theory Implementation Applications Background Intuition Definition Delaunay Triangulation Shape

  12. External Employment Application and Approval Form revised 09/06/2013 #999 Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    External Employment Application and Approval Form revised 09/06/2013 #999 Page 1 of 2 External Employment Application and Approval Form Privacy Notice: State law requires that you be informed that you Regulation 31.05.01, Faculty Consulting, External Employment and Conflicts of Interest, and is applicable

  13. A constitutive law for dense granular flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierre Jop; Yoël Forterre; Olivier Pouliquen

    2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuum description of granular flows would be of considerable help in predicting natural geophysical hazards or in designing industrial processes. However, the constitutive equations for dry granular flows, which govern how the material moves under shear, are still a matter of debate. One difficulty is that grains can behave like a solid (in a sand pile), a liquid (when poured from a silo) or a gas (when strongly agitated). For the two extreme regimes, constitutive equations have been proposed based on kinetic theory for collisional rapid flows, and soil mechanics for slow plastic flows. However, the intermediate dense regime, where the granular material flows like a liquid, still lacks a unified view and has motivated many studies over the past decade. The main characteristics of granular liquids are: a yield criterion (a critical shear stress below which flow is not possible) and a complex dependence on shear rate when flowing. In this sense, granular matter shares similarities with classical visco-plastic fluids such as Bingham fluids. Here we propose a new constitutive relation for dense granular flows, inspired by this analogy and recent numerical and experimental work. We then test our three-dimensional (3D) model through experiments on granular flows on a pile between rough sidewalls, in which a complex 3D flow pattern develops. We show that, without any fitting parameter, the model gives quantitative predictions for the flow shape and velocity profiles. Our results support the idea that a simple visco-plastic approach can quantitatively capture granular flow properties, and could serve as a basic tool for modelling more complex flows in geophysical or industrial applications.

  14. What are the Hidden Quantum Processes Behind Newton's Laws?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoma, T; Ostoma, Tom; Trushyk, Mike

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the hidden quantum processes that are responsible for Newton's laws of motion and Newton's universal law of gravity. We apply Electro-Magnetic Quantum Gravity or EMQG to investigate Newtonian classical physics. EQMG is a quantum gravity theory that is manifestly compatible with Cellular Automata (CA) theory, a new paradigm for physical reality. EMQG is also based on a theory of inertia proposed by R. Haisch, A. Rueda, and H. Puthoff, which we modified and called Quantum Inertia (QI). Quantum Inertia theory states that in Newton's 2nd law of motion (F=MA), inertia is caused by the strictly local electrical force interactions bewteen matter (ultimately composed of electrically charged quantum particles) and the surrounding electrically charged virtual particles of the quantum vacuum. When an electrically charged particle is accelerated, an electrical force results between the particle and the surrounding electrically charged virtual particles of the quantum vacuum appears in a direction to oppose...

  15. Letter Report: LAW Simulant Development for Cast Stone Screening Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, Renee L.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Swanberg, David J.; Eibling, Russell E.; Cozzi, Alex; Lindberg, Michael J.; Josephson, Gary B.; Rinehart, Donald E.

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    More than 56 million gallons of radioactive and hazardous waste are stored in 177 underground storage tanks at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Hanford Site in southeastern Washington State. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is being constructed to treat the wastes and immobilize them in a glass waste form. The WTP includes a pretreatment facility to separate the wastes into a small volume of high-level waste (HLW) containing most of the radioactivity and a larger volume of low-activity waste (LAW) containing most of the nonradioactive chemicals. The HLW will be converted to glass in the HLW vitrification facility for ultimate disposal at an offsite federal repository. At least a portion (~35%) of the LAW will be converted to glass in the LAW vitrification facility and will be disposed of onsite at the Integrated Disposal Facility (IDF). The pretreatment and HLW vitrification facilities will have the capacity to treat and immobilize the wastes destined for each facility. However, a second facility will be needed for the expected volume of additional LAW requiring immobilization. A cementitious waste form known as Cast Stone is being considered to provide the required additional LAW immobilization capacity. The Cast Stone waste form must be acceptable for disposal in the IDF. The Cast Stone waste form and immobilization process must be tested to demonstrate that the final Cast Stone waste form can comply with waste acceptance criteria for the IDF disposal facility and that the immobilization processes can be controlled to consistently provide an acceptable waste form product. Further, the waste form must be tested to provide the technical basis for understanding the long term performance of the waste form in the IDF disposal environment. These waste form performance data are needed to support risk assessment and performance assessment (PA) analyses of the long-term environmental impact of the waste disposal in the IDF. A testing program was developed in fiscal year (FY) 2012 describing in some detail the work needed to develop and qualify Cast Stone as a waste form for the solidification of Hanford LAW (Westsik et al. 2012). Included within Westsik et al. (2012) is a section on the near-term needs to address Tri-Party Agreement Milestone M-062-40ZZ. The objectives of the testing program to be conducted in FY 2013 and FY 2014 are to: • Determine an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form. • Evaluate sources of dry materials for preparing the LAW Cast Stone. • Demonstrate the robustness of the Cast Stone waste form for a range of LAW compositions. • Demonstrate the robustness of the formulation for variability in the Cast Stone process. • Provide Cast Stone contaminant release data for PA and risk assessment evaluations. The first step in determining an acceptable formulation for the LAW Cast Stone waste form is to conduct screening tests to examine expected ranges in pretreated LAW composition, waste stream concentrations, dry-materials sources, and mix ratios of waste feed to dry blend. A statistically designed test matrix will be used to evaluate the effects of these key parameters on the properties of the Cast Stone as it is initially prepared and after curing. The second phase of testing will focus on selection of a baseline Cast Stone formulation for LAW and demonstrating that Cast Stone can meet expected waste form requirements for disposal in the IDF. It is expected that this testing will use the results of the screening tests to define a smaller suite of tests to refine the composition of the baseline Cast Stone formulation (e.g. waste concentration, water to dry mix ratio, waste loading).

  16. Fourier Law and Non-Isothermal Boundary in the Boltzmann Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffaele Esposito; Yan Guo; Chanwoo Kim; Rossana Marra

    2012-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In the study of the heat transfer in the Boltzmann theory, the basic problem is to construct solutions to the steady problem for the Boltzmann equation in a general bounded domain with diffuse reflection boundary conditions corresponding to a non isothermal temperature of the wall. Denoted by \\delta the size of the temperature oscillations on the boundary, we develop a theory to characterize such a solution mathematically. We construct a unique solution F_s to the Boltzmann equation, which is dynamically asymptotically stable with exponential decay rate. Moreover, if the domain is convex and the temperature of the wall is continuous we show that F_s is continuous away from the grazing set. If the domain is non-convex, discontinuities can form and then propagate along the forward characteristics. We show that they actually form for a suitable smooth temperature profile. We remark that this solution differs from a local equilibrium Maxwellian, hence it is a genuine non equilibrium stationary solution. Our analysis is based on recent studies of the boundary value problems for the Boltzmann equation but with new constructive coercivity estimates for both steady and dynamic cases. A natural question in this setup is to determine if the general Fourier law, stating that the heat conduction vector q is proportional to the temperature gradient, is valid. As an application of our result we establish an expansion in \\delta for F_s whose first order term F_1 satisfies a linear, parameter free equation. Consequently, we discover that if the Fourier law were valid for F_s, then the temperature of F_1 must be linear in a slab. Such a necessary condition contradicts available numerical simulations, leading to the prediction of break-down of the Fourier law in the kinetic regime.

  17. United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information regarding a wide range of technologies in a way that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    United States Export Control Laws Current export laws control both hardware and information Information and Guidelines: United States Export Control Laws, on the CSU Export Control website (http://web.research.colostate.edu/OSP/export.aspx). 1. What are Export Controls? The United States government has a vested interest in protecting

  18. The Reception in Honor of the 2032 Graduating Class of the Global Law Program of the University of Lucerne School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    of Lucerne School of Law - Memories from the Future Alexander H. E. Morawa "I Have a Dream.................................................................................7 How to Design a Global Law School for Lucerne and Elsewhere for the Year 2032, I was attending the graduation of the 2032 class of the University of Lucerne's global law program

  19. Local Gravity Constraints and Power Law f(R) Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yousef Bisabr

    2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There is a conformal equivalence between power law $f(R)$ theories and scalar field theories in which the scalar degree of freedom evolves under the action of an exponential potential function. In the scalar field representation there is a strong coupling of the scalar field with the matter sector due to the conformal transformation. We use chameleon mechanism to implement constraints on the potential function of the scalar field in order that the resulting model be in accord with Solar System experiments. Investigation of these constraints reveals that there may be no possibility to distinguish between a power law $f(R)$ function and the usual Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian density.

  20. Power-law friction in closely-packed granular materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahiro Hatano

    2007-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to understand the nature of friction in closely-packed granular materials, a discrete element simulation on granular layers subjected to isobaric plain shear is performed. It is found that the friction coefficient increases as the power of the shear rate, the exponent of which does not depend on the material constants. Using a nondimensional parameter that is known as the inertial number, the power-law can be cast in a generalized form so that the friction coefficients at different confining pressures collapse on the same curve. We show that the volume fraction also obeys a power-law.

  1. Zeroth Law compatibility of non-additive thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. S. Biró; P. Ván

    2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-extensive thermodynamics was criticized among others by stating that the Zeroth Law cannot be satisfied with non-additive composition rules. In this paper we determine the general functional form of those non-additive composition rules which are compatible with the Zeroth Law of thermodynamics. We find that this general form is additive for the formal logarithms of the original quantities and the familiar relations of thermodynamics apply to these. Our result offers a possible solution to the longstanding problem about equilibrium between extensive and non-extensive systems or systems with different non-extensivity parameters.

  2. Perturbed power-law parameters from WMAP7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joy, Minu [Dept. of Physics, Alphonsa College, Pala 686574 (India); Souradeep, Tarun, E-mail: minu@iucaa.ernet.in, E-mail: tarun@iucaa.ernet.in [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007 (India)

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a perturbative approach for studying inflation models with soft departures from scale free spectra of the power law model. In the perturbed power law (PPL) approach one obtains at the leading order both the scalar and tensor power spectra with the running of their spectral indices. In contrast to the widely used slow roll expansion method, for which ? and ? have to be small, PPL can look also at models with comparatively larger ? and ? with the condition that (?+?) is small. The PPL spectrum is confronted data and we show that the PPL parameters are well estimated from WMAP-7 data.

  3. Fresnel-transform's quantum correspondence and quantum optical ABCD Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan Hongyi; Hu Liyun

    2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Corresponding to Fresnel transform there exists a unitary operator in quantum optics theory, which could be named Fresnel operator (FO). We show that the multiplication rule of FO naturally leads to the quantum optical ABCD law. The canonical operator methods as mapping of ray-transfer ABCD matrix is explicitly shown by FO's normally ordered expansion through the coherent state representation and the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators. We show that time evolution of the damping oscillator embodies the quantum optical ABCD law.

  4. Branching laws for polynomial endomorphisms in CAR algebra for fermions, uniformly hyperfinite algebras and Cuntz algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsuo Abe; Katsunori Kawamura

    2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Previously, we have shown that the CAR algebra for fermions is embedded in the Cuntz algebra ${\\cal O}_{2}$ in such a way that the generators are expressed in terms of polynomials in the canonical generators of the latter, and it coincides with the U(1)-fixed point subalgebra ${\\cal A}\\equiv {\\cal O}_{2}^{U(1)}$ of ${\\cal O}_{2}$ for the canonical gauge action. Based on this embedding formula, some properties of ${\\cal A}$ are studied in detail by restricting those of ${\\cal O}_{2}$. Various endomorphisms of ${\\cal O}_{2}$, which are defined by polynomials in the canonical generators, are explicitly constructed, and transcribed into those of ${\\cal A}$. Especially, we investigate branching laws for a certain family of such endomorphisms with respect to four important representations, i.e., the Fock representation, the infinite wedge representation and their duals. These endomorphisms are completely classified by their branching laws. As an application, we show that the reinterpretation of the Fock vacuum as the Dirac vacuum is described in representation theory through a mixture of fermions.

  5. Generation of potential/surface density pairs in flat disks Power law distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. -M. Hure; D. Pelat; A. Pierens

    2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We report a simple method to generate potential/surface density pairs in flat axially symmetric finite size disks. Potential/surface density pairs consist of a ``homogeneous'' pair (a closed form expression) corresponding to a uniform disk, and a ``residual'' pair. This residual component is converted into an infinite series of integrals over the radial extent of the disk. For a certain class of surface density distributions (like power laws of the radius), this series is fully analytical. The extraction of the homogeneous pair is equivalent to a convergence acceleration technique, in a matematical sense. In the case of power law distributions, the convergence rate of the residual series is shown to be cubic inside the source. As a consequence, very accurate potential values are obtained by low order truncation of the series. At zero order, relative errors on potential values do not exceed a few percent typically, and scale with the order N of truncation as 1/N**3. This method is superior to the classical multipole expansion whose very slow convergence is often critical for most practical applications.

  6. Fractal Weyl law behavior in an open, chaotic Hamiltonian system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan A. Ramilowski; S. D. Prado; F. Borondo; David Farrelly

    2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We numerically show fractal Weyl law behavior in an open Hamiltonian system that is described by a smooth potential and which supports numerous above-barrier resonances. This behavior holds even relatively far away from the classical limit. The complex resonance wave functions are found to be localized on the fractal classical repeller.

  7. A power-law description of heavy ion collision centrality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas A. Trainor; Duncan J. Prindle

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The minimum-bias distribution on heavy ion collision multiplicity $n_{ch}$ is well approximated by power-law form $n_{ch}^{-3/4}$, suggesting that a change of variable to $n_{ch}^{1/4}$ may provide more precise access to the structure of the distribution and to A-A collision centrality. We present a detailed centrality study of Hijing-1.37 Monte Carlo data at 200 GeV using the power-law format. We find that the minimum-bias distribution on $n_{participant}^{1/4}$, determined with a Glauber Monte Carlo simulation, is uniform except for a 5% sinusoidal variation. The power-law format reveals precise linear relations between Glauber parameters $n_{part}$ and $n_{bin}$ and the fractional cross section. The power-law format applied to RHIC data facilitates incorporation of extrapolation constraints on data and Glauber distributions to obtain a ten-fold improvement in centrality accuracy for peripheral collisions.

  8. Scaling laws for immiscible displacements with capillary and viscous fingering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenormand, R.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiphase reservoir properties are generally extrapolated from laboratory measurements, and scaling laws are based on dimensionless numbers obtained from macroscopic flow equations. This approach is not valid when fingering occurs on the macroscopic scale because of an unfavorable viscosity ratio or capillary effects. The authors describe a more general scaling technique taking this fingering into account.

  9. Right tail expansion of Tracy-Widom beta laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaëtan Borot; Céline Nadal

    2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Using loop equations, we compute the large deviation function of the maximum eigenvalue to the right of the spectrum in the Gaussian beta matrix ensembles, to all orders in 1/N. We then give a physical derivation of the all order asymptotic expansion of the right tail Tracy-Widom beta laws, for all positive beta, by studying the double scaling limit.

  10. Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronis, David M.

    Carnot Engines, Efficiency, and The Second Law Chemistry 213 Fig. 1. The Carnot Cycle The Carnot in the isothermal and adiabatic parts of the Carnot cycle for an ideal gas. 1. Energy in an Ideal Gas: Joule of an ideal gas is usually only weakly dependent on temperature). 2. Reversible, Adiabatic Expansion

  11. atomic energy laws: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    atomic energy laws First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Topological quantum correction to an...

  12. atomic energy law: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    atomic energy law First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Topological quantum correction to an...

  13. A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    A First Law Thermodynamic Analysis of Biodiesel Production From Soybean Tad W. Patzek Department of Petroleum and Geosystems Engineering The University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712 Email: patzek that the overall efficiency of biodiesel production is 0.18, i.e., only 1 in 5 parts of the solar energy

  14. Board of Visitors Southern Illinois University School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nickrent, Daniel L.

    , IL Julian Pei Carbondale, IL Ryan Yates, Esq. Commonwealth Attorney's Office Paducah, KY Doreen Carbondale, IL Hon. Kimberly Dahlen First Judicial Circuit Murphysboro, IL Hon. J. William Graves Paducah, KY. Belknap, IL Karen Kendall, Esq. Peoria, IL #12;Mark Bryant, Esq. Bryant Law Center P.S.C. Paducah, KY

  15. 'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamos, Michael I.

    'Revenge porn' victim devotes life fighting to change nation's laws By Cristina Corbin Published name and discovered the naked photos on a so-called "revenge porn" website. "I just went completely the website "End Revenge Porn" and formed the group Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), under which she

  16. NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Dat H.

    NEWS AND VIEWS Modeling gene expression control using Omes Law Harmen J Bussemaker Department class of methods that fit simple mathematical models of transcription regulation to DNA microarray data factors (TFs) to specific sites in the genome is a crucial step in the molecular process controlling gene

  17. Four and Half Centuries of New (New) Law and Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Control of Economic Activity 2 Social oversight and regulation of entrepreneurial and commercial involve specific ways of sharing the costs of control and regulation of markets and of usingFour and Half Centuries of New (New) Law and Economics Legal Pragmatism, Discreet Joint Regulation

  18. Ground state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    @cims.nyu.edu; Courant Institute, New York University, New York, NY 10012, USA 4 otto@iam.uni-bonn.de; Institut fGround state energy scaling laws during the onset and destruction of the intermediate state Abstract The intermediate state of a type-I superconductor is a classical ex- ample of energy

  19. On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godfrey, Michael W.

    On the Evolution of Lehman's Laws Michael W. Godfrey David R. Cheriton School of Computer Science University of Waterloo, CANADA email: migod@uwaterloo.ca Daniel M. German Department of Computer Science" of software should be paid to think too. Like many other pioneers of computer science, Lehman lived

  20. The Scientist : Surpassing the Law of Averages The Scientist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Eric

    /8/2009 7:02:24 PM] #12;The Scientist : Surpassing the Law of Averages "Single-cell genomics appears to be the most straightforward, and at the moment the only way we can assemble the genomes of the uncultured and pushing technological limitations to bring their studies of genomics, genetics, RNA transcription

  1. Notes on the Generalised Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. -T. Sung

    1997-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Several comments are given to previous proofs of the generalised second law of thermodynamics: black hole entropy plus ordinary matter entropy never decreases for a thermally closed system. Arguments in favour of its truism are given in the spirit of conventional thermodynamics.

  2. English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    -class Reading Assessment READING WEEK 8 Evaluating academic articles Commenting on a text / Critiquing skills (1English Language Centre Certificate in Academic English and Law Appendix 1 ­ Provisional Syllabus test / Diagnostic grammar test 2 Intro to academic writing / Academic style Review of diagnostic tests

  3. Development and Testing of ICV Glasses for Hanford LAW

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dong-Sang; Vienna, John D.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Matyas, Josef; Crum, Jarrod V.; Smith, Donald E.; Sevigny, Gary J.; Buchmiller, William C.; Tixier, John S.; Yeager, John D.; Belew, Kellen B.

    2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary glass compositions for immobilizing Hanford low-activity waste (LAW) by the in-container vitrification (ICV) process were fabricated at crucible- and engineering-scale and tested at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. This testing showed that glasses with LAW loading of 20 mass% can readily be made and meet all product constraints by a far margin. It was found that the response constraint of the vapor hydration test (VHT) of less than 50 g/(m2•d) alteration rate was the most restrictive constraint placed on LAW glasses. Glasses with over 22 mass% Na2O can be made to meet this constraint along with all other product quality and processability constraints imposed by this process. The results of crucible melts with simulants were scaled-up to engineering scale and also tested with actual (radioactive) LAW. All the results suggest that the baseline glass can be successfully processed by the ICV technology and can meet all the constraints related to product quality.

  4. Effective July 1, 2013 Table of Organization: College of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanier, Charlie

    Effective July 1, 2013 Table of Organization: College of Law Dean Gail Agrawal Assistant to the Dean Legal Clinic Julie Kramer {See Clinic Table for organization} Special Assistant to the Dean Gerhild Krapf Centers {See separate tables for organization} Assoc. Dean for Research Assoc. Dean Assoc

  5. Law Update Cover 2,3 No More Spreading Lead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutyra, Lucy R.

    to customers by contractors, of the "Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home" pamphlet, be- fore beginning because the lead tastes sweet, you need to readjust your thinking. Lead poisoning occurs across allINSIDE Law Update Cover 2,3 No More Spreading Lead Tip of the Month Page 4 Rental Unit Condition

  6. COURSE OUTLINE ENV 399 Special Topic: ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with specific environmental issues such as pollution, toxic substances, water management, fisheries, forestry policy making. In-class film presentation: Crude: The Real Price of Oil (2009). 2. Basic Concepts conventions; customary international law; implementation and compliance issues; trans-boundary pollution

  7. Modified Newton's law, braneworlds, and the gravitational quantum well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Buisseret; B. Silvestre-Brac; V. Mathieu

    2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Most of the theories involving extra dimensions assume that only the gravitational interaction can propagate in them. In such approaches, called brane world models, the effective, 4-dimensional, Newton's law is modified at short as well as at large distances. Usually, the deformation of Newton's law at large distances is parametrized by a Yukawa potential, which arises mainly from theories with compactified extra dimensions. In many other models however, the extra dimensions are infinite. These approaches lead to a large distance power-law deformation of the gravitational newtonian potential $V_N(r)$, namely $V(r)=(1+k_b/r^b)V_N(r)$, which is less studied in the literature. We investigate here the dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well with such a power-law deformation. The effects of the deformation on the energy spectrum are discussed. We also compare our modified spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth's gravitational field on quantum states of ultra cold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to upper bounds on $b$ and $k_b$.

  8. On Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws and Related Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bürger, Raimund

    A classical kinematical model of sedimentation of small equal-sized particles dispersed in a viscous fluidOn Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws and Related Equations Modelling Sedimentation with nonlocal flux, systems of nonlinear conservation modelling the sedimentation of polydisperse suspensions

  9. CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bürger, Raimund

    CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING SEDIMENTATION classification: 35L65, 35R30, 65M32 1. Introduction 1.1. Scope. The sedimentation of small particles dispersed length scales (diameter and depth) of the settling vessel. Moreover, sedimentation models

  10. CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bürger, Raimund

    CONVEXITY-PRESERVING FLUX IDENTIFICATION FOR SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS MODELLING SEDIMENTATION RAIMUND B¨URGERA AND STEFAN DIEHLB, Abstract. Sedimentation of a suspension of small particles dispersed. Introduction 1.1. Scope. The sedimentation of small particles dispersed in a viscous fluid under the influence

  11. Leadership Profile Dean, University of Houston Law Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    to the field of law to serve as its next Dean. This person must possess the charisma and managerial skills's role in the future of legal education. The future Dean should demonstrate: ·The passion, energy, drive ·Well-developed management skills grounded in the best practices of major research university academic

  12. Harvard Law School Student Financial Services Document FAX Cover Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, James

    are a paperless office and use a document management system to store all data electronically. The useHarvard Law School Student Financial Services Document FAX Cover Sheet Submitting your documents. This Information is Being Submitted for: 3. Type of Document Being Submitted: 6. Federal Employer Tax ID DO NOT USE

  13. Moore's law and the impact on trusted and radiation-hardened microelectronics.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Kwok Kee

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1965 Gordon Moore wrote an article claiming that integrated circuit density would scale exponentially. His prediction has remained valid for more than four decades. Integrated circuits have changed all aspects of everyday life. They are also the 'heart and soul' of modern systems for defense, national infrastructure, and intelligence applications. The United States government needs an assured and trusted microelectronics supply for military systems. However, migration of microelectronics design and manufacturing from the United States to other countries in recent years has placed the supply of trusted microelectronics in jeopardy. Prevailing wisdom dictates that it is necessary to use microelectronics fabricated in a state-of-the-art technology for highest performance and military system superiority. Close examination of silicon microelectronics technology evolution and Moore's Law reveals that this prevailing wisdom is not necessarily true. This presents the US government the possibility of a totally new approach to acquire trusted microelectronics.

  14. FACULTY OF COMMERCE, LAW & MANAGEMENT DEAN: PROFESSOR NL MAHAO BA LLB (NUL) LLM (EDINBURGH) LLD (UWC) PG DIPLOMA (NUL, UZ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    : Instigation to commit crimes against humanity under article 6(1) of the statute of international criminal programme in South Africa BURGER, Ronel Research Report: Categorisation of actions by leaders in South by public private partnerships in South Africa CHETTY, Sugendran Research Report: Challenges and trade offs

  15. HTS applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noe, M; Fietz, W H; Goldacker, W; Schneider, Th

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Superconductivity has found many attractive applications in medicine, science, power systems, engineering, transport and electronics. One of the most prominent applications of superconductivity are superconducting magnets e.g. MRI magnets, NMR magnets, accelerator magnets, and magnets for fusion; most applications still use low temperature superconductors. Since the discovery of high temperature superconductivity (HTS) in 1986 there has been a tremendous progress in R&D of HTS material, wires and applications. Especially for power system applications, HTS offers considerable economic benefits. Many HTS demonstrator or prototype applications have been built and successfully tested, and some HTS applications like cables and superconducting fault current limiters seem very close to commercialisation. This paper gives an overview about the present and future HTS applications in power applications, high field magnets and current leads. In addition results of the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe program to develop H...

  16. MULTI-WAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF THE SPATIO-TEMPORAL EVOLUTION OF SOLAR FLARES WITH AIA/SDO. II. HYDRODYNAMIC SCALING LAWS AND THERMAL ENERGIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aschwanden, Markus J. [Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center, Org. ADBS, Bldg. 252, 3251 Hanover St., Palo Alto, CA 94304 (United States); Shimizu, Toshifumi, E-mail: aschwanden@lmsal.com, E-mail: shimizu.toshifumi@isas.jaxa.jp [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)

    2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study we measure physical parameters of the same set of 155 M- and X-class solar flares observed with AIA/SDO as analyzed in Paper I, by performing a differential emission measure analysis to determine the flare peak emission measure EM{sub p} , peak temperature T{sub p} , electron density n{sub p} , and thermal energy E{sub th}, in addition to the spatial scales L, areas A, and volumes V measured in Paper I. The parameter ranges for M- and X-class flares are log (EM{sub p}) = 47.0-50.5, T{sub p} = 5.0-17.8 MK, n{sub p} = 4 × 10{sup 9}-9 × 10{sup 11} cm{sup –3}, and thermal energies of E{sub th} = 1.6 × 10{sup 28}-1.1 × 10{sup 32} erg. We find that these parameters obey the Rosner-Tucker-Vaiana (RTV) scaling law T{sub p}{sup 2}?n{sub p} L and H?T {sup 7/2} L {sup –2} during the peak time t{sub p} of the flare density n{sub p} , when energy balance between the heating rate H and the conductive and radiative loss rates is achieved for a short instant and thus enables the applicability of the RTV scaling law. The application of the RTV scaling law predicts power-law distributions for all physical parameters, which we demonstrate with numerical Monte Carlo simulations as well as with analytical calculations. A consequence of the RTV law is also that we can retrieve the size distribution of heating rates, for which we find N(H)?H {sup –1.8}, which is consistent with the magnetic flux distribution N(?)??{sup –1.85} observed by Parnell et al. and the heating flux scaling law F{sub H} ?HL?B/L of Schrijver et al.. The fractal-diffusive self-organized criticality model in conjunction with the RTV scaling law reproduces the observed power-law distributions and their slopes for all geometrical and physical parameters and can be used to predict the size distributions for other flare data sets, instruments, and detection algorithms.

  17. Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Reforming the EU: The Future of European Law and Policy IV CONFERENCE session "Reforming the EU" Chair: Dr Luca Rubini, Deputy Director Institute Rubini Reforming European competition law: should the European Commission have

  18. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact...

  19. THE EFFECT OF PRIVATE WIRE LAWS ON DEVELOPMENT OF COMBINED HEAT...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and to consider the impact of those laws on the development of combined heat and power ("CHP") facilities, as well as to determine whether a change in those laws would impact...

  20. Constitutional legislation, European Union Law and the nature of the United Kingdom’s contemporary constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Mark

    2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    ’  —  forthcoming  in  (2014)  European  Constitutional  Law  Review     5   principle  reflected  in  it,16  was  vulnerable  to  displacement  by  EU  law  in  the  form  of  the  EIA  Directive.  The  very...

  1. CLAS C308 Roman Law C. J. Bannon SYLLABUS Fall 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    CLAS C308 Roman Law C. J. Bannon SYLLABUS Fall 2012 Professor Cynthia J. Bannon Office: Ballantine% Research Paper 20% #12;CLAS C308 Roman Law C. J. Bannon SYLLABUS Fall 2012 Course Policies and Expectations

  2. The Wayne Lawyer THE YEAR IN REVIEW: WAYNE LAW IN DETROIT AND BEYOND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    The Wayne Lawyer THE YEAR IN REVIEW: WAYNE LAW IN DETROIT AND BEYOND SPRING 2010 VOLUME 26, NO. 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Year in Review 2009-2010 Law School Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Profiles

  3. 12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of materials may be in print, microform or digital format. The Library's goal 12/22/2011 Page 1 Harvard Law School Library Collection Development Policy The primary mission of the Harvard Law School Library

  4. Certificate of Specialization in Clean Technology Law Requirements, Effective 20102011 Academic Year

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ) Energy Regulation & the Environment (3 3) · operty (4) Environmental Law & Policy ( Introduction): Finance & Energy Business IP, Entrepreneurship & Energy Science / Technology Environmental Law & Energy Policy · Energy & Environmental Markets (Haas, 3) · Energy & Infrastructure Project Finance (1

  5. UCLA space-time area law model: A persuasive foundation for hadronization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Chien, A; Chun, S; Hartfiel, B

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UCLA-HEP-06-001 UCLA space-time area law model: A persuasivedominantly controlled by a Space- Time Area Law (“STAL”), anheavy quarks whose classical space-time world-lines deviate

  6. Heat and Mass Transfer in Fires: Scaling Laws and their Application 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torero, Jose L

    Fire is a phenomenon that covers a multiplicity of scales depending on the different processes involved. Length scales range from the nanometres when addressing material flammability to the kilometres when dealing with ...

  7. A GENERALIZATION OF H-MEASURES AND APPLICATION ON PURELY FRACTIONAL SCALAR CONSERVATION LAWS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    corresponding to the sequence Permanent address od D.M. is University of Montenegro, Faculty of Mathematics, Cetinjski put bb, 81000 Podgorica, Montenegro. 1 #12;2 D. MITROVIC AND I. IVEC (uk) is the Lebesgue measure

  8. Social aspects include following applicable laws and international treaties; using open and transparent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the potential of bioenergy crops spreading genetically modified organisms, invasive species, or nonnative Biodiversity and habitat Genetically modified organisms and invasives Soil health Environ -mental mic for animal feed, food, and processed-food ingredients. Economic factors are influenced by government policies

  9. Law-Aware Access Control and its Information Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stieghahn, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cross-border access to a variety of data such as market information, strategic information, or customer-related information defines the daily business of many global companies, including financial institutions. These companies are obliged by law to keep a data processing legal for all offered services. They need to fulfill different security objectives specified by the legislation. Therefore, they control access to prevent unauthorized users from using data. Those security objectives, for example confidentiality or secrecy, are often defined in the eXtensible Access Control Markup Language that promotes interoperability between different systems. In this paper, we show the necessity of incorporating the requirements of legislation into access control. Based on the work flow in a banking scenario we describe a variety of available contextual information and their interrelations. Different from other access control systems our main focus is on law-compliant cross-border data access. By including legislation dir...

  10. Third law of thermodynamics for the dissipative cyclotron motion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Jishad [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16, Prague 2 (Czech Republic)] [Institute of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16, Prague 2 (Czech Republic)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive the heat capacity and the entropy of an exactly solvable model of a charged particle in the combined presence of a uniform homogeneous magnetic field and a finite dissipative quantum heat bath consisting of non interacting harmonic oscillators. The quantities are calculated from the reduced partition function of the damped system which is calculated using the imaginary time functional integral method within the framework of the well known microscopic system-plus-bath model. Unlike the typical choice of an ohmic spectral density of the bath oscillators, we consider the quantum heat bath is having a spectral density corresponding to a thermal harmonic noise. Subsequently we analyse the specific heat and entropy at low and high temperatures. The specific heat and the entropy obtained satisfy the third law of thermodynamics. The heat capacity vanishes as the temperature approaches its absolute zero value, as predicted by the third law of thermodynamics, and satisfies the classical equipartition theorem at high temperatures.

  11. Quantum Collapse and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahand Hormoz

    2012-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A heat engine undergoes a cyclic operation while in equilibrium with the net result of conversion of heat into work. Quantum effects such as superposition of states can improve an engine's efficiency by breaking detailed balance, but this improvement comes at a cost due to excess entropy generated from collapse of superpositions on measurement. We quantify these competing facets for a quantum ratchet comprised of an ensemble of pairs of interacting two-level atoms. We suggest that the measurement postulate of quantum mechanics is intricately connected to the second law of thermodynamics. More precisely, if quantum collapse is not inherently random, then the second law of thermodynamics can be violated. Our results challenge the conventional approach of simply quantifying quantum correlations as a thermodynamic work deficit.

  12. Fourier law, phase transitions and the stationary Stefan problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna De Masi; Errico Presutti; Dimitrios Tsagkarogiannis

    2010-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the one-dimensional stationary solutions of an integro-differential equation derived by Giacomin and Lebowitz from Kawasaki dynamics in Ising systems with Kac potentials, \\cite{GiacominLebowitz}. We construct stationary solutions with non zero current and prove the validity of the Fourier law in the thermodynamic limit showing that below the critical temperature the limit equilibrium profile has a discontinuity (which defines the position of the interface) and satisfies a stationary free boundary Stefan problem. Under-cooling and over-heating effects are also studied. We show that if metastable values are imposed at the boundaries then the mesoscopic stationary profile is no longer monotone and therefore the Fourier law is not satisfied. It regains however its validity in the thermodynamic limit where the limit profile is again monotone away from the interface.

  13. Power-laws in recurrence networks from dynamical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Zou; J. Heitzig; R. V. Donner; J. F. Donges; J. D. Farmer; R. Meucci; S. Euzzor; N. Marwan; J. Kurths

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recurrence networks are a novel tool of nonlinear time series analysis allowing the characterisation of higher-order geometric properties of complex dynamical systems based on recurrences in phase space, which are a fundamental concept in classical mechanics. In this Letter, we demonstrate that recurrence networks obtained from various deterministic model systems as well as experimental data naturally display power-law degree distributions with scaling exponents $\\gamma$ that can be derived exclusively from the systems' invariant densities. For one-dimensional maps, we show analytically that $\\gamma$ is not related to the fractal dimension. For continuous systems, we find two distinct types of behaviour: power-laws with an exponent $\\gamma$ depending on a suitable notion of local dimension, and such with fixed $\\gamma=1$.

  14. Applications of Differential Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vickers, James

    several techniques for solving commonly-occurring first- order and second-order ordinary differential electrical circuits, projectile motion and Newton's law of cooling recognise and solve second-order ordinary's law of cooling In section 19.1 we introduced Newton's law of cooling. The model equation was d dt = -k

  15. Islamic Finance: Between Classical Law and Contemporary Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Gamal, Mahmoud

    2006-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    . M.A. (Economics) February 1985, The American University in Cairo. B.A. (Econ./Comp. Sc.) February 1983, The American University in Cairo. Employment history: • Jan. 1998 – present: Chair of Islamic Economics, Finance, and Management, Pro- fessor... Theory, National Science Foundation, and Review of Economics and Statistics. 2 Publications: • Islamic Finance: Law, Economics and Practice, NY: Cambridge University Press, in press, 2006 (ISBN-10: 0521864143 | ISBN-13: 9780521864145). • “Short...

  16. Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Brandon

    2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    and Society in Saint Domingue and France: 1789-1805 (May 2014) Brandon Dawson Katelyn Polk Department of History Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Rebecca Schloss Department of History We will examine the discrepancy between boundaries of race... knowledge and expertise. 3 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Between 1789 and 1805, strict laws clearly regulated life for both free people of color and slaves in French Saint Domingue and metropolitan France. However...

  17. A second-law analysis of thermoelastic damping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milligan, Kenneth Bryan

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1990 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering A SECOND-LAW ANALYSIS OF TFIERMOELASTIC DAMPING A Thesis by KENNETH BRYAN MILLIGAN, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Vikram K. Kinra (Chair of Committee) Thomas C. Pollock (Member) Kalyan... to all other sources of material damping present in the material. Moreover, for multiphase materials such as alloys, fiber-reinforced composites, and particulate composites, the thermoelastic damping can be tailored in a manner analogous to that used...

  18. Thermo-charged capacitors and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Germano D'Abramo

    2012-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In this Letter we describe a vacuum spherical capacitor that generates a macroscopic voltage between its spheres harnessing the heat from a single thermal reservoir at room temperature. The basic idea is trivial and it makes use of two concentric spherical electrodes with different work functions. We provide a mathematical analysis of the underlying physical process and discuss its connections with the Second Law of Thermodynamics.

  19. Gravitational Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Moffat

    2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The spontaneous violation of Lorentz and diffeomorphism invariance in a phase near the big bang lowers the entropy, allowing for an arrow of time and the second law of thermodynamics. The spontaneous symmetry breaking leads to $O(3,1)\\rightarrow O(3)\\times R$, where $O(3)$ is the rotational symmetry of the Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker spacetime. The Weyl curvature tensor $C_{\\mu\

  20. On the electrical current distributions for the generalized Ohm's Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Pedro Ramirez Tachiquin

    2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper studies a particular class of analytic solutions for the Generalized Ohm's Law, approached by means of the so called formal powers of the Pseudoanalytic Function Theory. The reader will find a description of the electrical current distributions inside bounded domains, within inhomogeneous media, and their corresponding electric potentials near the boundary. Finally, it is described a technique for approaching separable-variables conductivity functions, a requisite when applying the constructive methods posed in this work.

  1. Robust regression on noisy data for fusion scaling laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verdoolaege, Geert, E-mail: geert.verdoolaege@ugent.be [Department of Applied Physics, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas de l'ERM - Laboratorium voor Plasmafysica van de KMS (LPP-ERM/KMS), Ecole Royale Militaire - Koninklijke Militaire School, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the method of geodesic least squares (GLS) regression for estimating fusion scaling laws. Based on straightforward principles, the method is easily implemented, yet it clearly outperforms established regression techniques, particularly in cases of significant uncertainty on both the response and predictor variables. We apply GLS for estimating the scaling of the L-H power threshold, resulting in estimates for ITER that are somewhat higher than predicted earlier.

  2. Mpemba effect, Newton cooling law and heat transfer equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladan Pankovic; Darko V. Kapor

    2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we suggest a simple theoretical solution of the Mpemba effect in full agreement with known experimental data. This solution follows simply as an especial approximation (linearization) of the usual heat (transfer) equation, precisely linearization of the second derivation of the space part of the temperature function (as it is well-known Newton cooling law can be considered as the effective approximation of the heat (transfer) equation for constant space part of the temperature function).

  3. The exemption laws of the State of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dozier, James Hall

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TABLE OF CO~S Chapter I I I I XX. a pg 0 XXI ~ XV? A SHORT H1STORY OF THE ZX1EIIIPTION LAWS OF TEXAS ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ First Exemption LBU a ~ ~ ~ ~ Constitutional Proteotion. Definition of Homesteads Constitution of 1SVB 0...'ther ExemPtions ~ ~ ~ ~ a e ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 4 ~ a ~ e e e ~ ~ e ~ ~ ~ e e Present Statute a ~ ~ ~ ~ e ~ Fam9. 1y Relationship. Furniture. ~ . ~ . ~ Cemetex'F Lots ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Implements of Husbandrye Tools of Tx...

  4. Law and Society in Saint Domingue, 1789-1805

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polk, Katelyn Brune

    2013-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    LAW AND SOCIETY IN SAINT DOMINGUE: 1789-1805 An Undergraduate Research Scholars Thesis by BRANDON DAWSON AND KATELYN POLK Submitted to Honors and Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University In partial fulfillment of the requirements... and Society in Saint Domingue and France: 1789-1805 (May 2014) Brandon Dawson Katelyn Polk Department of History Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Rebecca Schloss Department of History We will examine the discrepancy between boundaries of race...

  5. Survey of state water laws affecting coal slurry pipeline development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogozen, M.B.

    1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes state water laws likely to affect the development of coal slurry pipelines. It was prepared as part of a project to analyze environmental issues related to energy transportation systems. Coal slurry pipelines have been proposed as a means to expand the existing transportation system to handle the increasing coal shipments that will be required in the future. The availability of water for use in coal slurry systems in the coal-producing states is an issue of major concern.

  6. DOE Awards Hanford Site Law Enforcement Contract to Benton County

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, WASH. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded a contract to the Benton County Sheriff’s Office in Kennewick, Wash., to provide law enforcement services at the DOE Hanford Site. The contract has a five-year period of performance, consisting of a one-year base period, with four one-year option periods and an approximate total value of $5 million.

  7. Federal Energy Mangement Laws and Requirements | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsNovember 13,Statement |SaverRealityFacilityContact Us » FederalMangement Laws

  8. Formulation and experimental evaluation of closed-form control laws for the rapid maneuvering of reactor neutronic power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bernard, J.A. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (USA). Nuclear Reactor Lab.)

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes both the theoretical development and the experimental evaluation of a novel, robust methodology for the time-optimal adjustment of a reactor's neutronic power under conditions of closed-loop digital control. Central to the approach are the MIT-SNL Period-Generated Minimum Time Control Laws' which determine the rate at which reactivity should be changed in order to cause a reactor's neutronic power to conform to a specified trajectory. Using these laws, reactor power can be safely raised by five to seven orders of magnitude in a few seconds. The MIT-SNL laws were developed to facilitate rapid increases of neutronic power on spacecraft reactors operating in an SDI environment. However, these laws are generic and have other applications including the rapid recovery of research and test reactors subsequent to an unanticipated shutdown, power increases following the achievement of criticality on commercial reactors, power adjustments on commercial reactors so as to minimize thermal stress, and automated startups. The work reported here was performed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under contract to the Sandia National Laboratories. Support was also provided by the US Department of Energy's Division of University and Industry Programs. The work described in this report is significant in that a novel solution to the problem of time-optimal control of neutronic power was identified, in that a rigorous description of a reactor's dynamics was derived in that the rate of change of reactivity was recognized as the proper control signal, and in that extensive experimental trials were conducted of these newly developed concepts on actual nuclear reactors. 43 refs., 118 figs., 11 tabs.

  9. Can CCM law properly represent all extinction curves?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geminale, A; Geminale, Anna; Popowski, Piotr

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the analysis of a large sample of lines of sight with extinction curves covering wavelength range from near-infrared (NIR) to ultraviolet (UV). We derive total to selective extinction ratios based on the Cardelli, Clayton and Mathis (1989, CCM) law, which is typically used to fit the extinction data both for diffuse and dense interstellar medium. We conclude that the CCM law is able to fit most of the extinction curves in our sample. We divide the remaining lines of sight with peculiar extinction into two groups according to two main behaviors: a) the optical/IR or/and UV wavelength region cannot be reproduced by the CCM formula; b) the optical/NIR and UV extinction data are best fit by the CCM law with different values of R_V. We present examples of such curves. The study of both types of peculiar cases can help us to learn about the physical processes that affect dust in the interstellar medium, e.g., formation of mantles on the surface of grains, evaporation, growing or shattering.

  10. Can CCM law properly represent all extinction curves?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anna Geminale; Piotr Popowski

    2005-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the analysis of a large sample of lines of sight with extinction curves covering wavelength range from near-infrared (NIR) to ultraviolet (UV). We derive total to selective extinction ratios based on the Cardelli, Clayton and Mathis (1989, CCM) law, which is typically used to fit the extinction data both for diffuse and dense interstellar medium. We conclude that the CCM law is able to fit most of the extinction curves in our sample. We divide the remaining lines of sight with peculiar extinction into two groups according to two main behaviors: a) the optical/IR or/and UV wavelength region cannot be reproduced by the CCM formula; b) the optical/NIR and UV extinction data are best fit by the CCM law with different values of R_V. We present examples of such curves. The study of both types of peculiar cases can help us to learn about the physical processes that affect dust in the interstellar medium, e.g., formation of mantles on the surface of grains, evaporation, growing or shattering.

  11. POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Brian

    POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)/N. Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law

  12. OU COLLEGE OF LAW John B. Turner LL.M. Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    OU COLLEGE OF LAW John B. Turner LL.M. Program Andrew M. Coats Hall 300 TIMBERDELL RD. NORMAN OK Andrew M. Coats Hall 300 TIMBERDELL RD. NORMAN OK 73019-5081 http://www.law.ou.edu/llm/ PLEASE PRINT as possible by mail to: OU College of Law John B. Turner LL.M. Program Andrew M. Coats Hall 300 TIMBERDELL RD

  13. Effective friction law for smallscale fault heterogeneity in 3D dynamic rupture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Effective friction law for smallscale fault heterogeneity in 3D dynamic rupture S. Latour,1 M friction, we numerically construct effective friction laws that integrate the effects of smallscale, the static friction heterogeneities and the friction law. We first define a periodic smallscale heterogeneous

  14. www.strath.ac.uk/humanities/courses/law/ courses/humanrights/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    travelled to varying countries like Sri Lanka, South Africa, India and Kenya to undertake projects in areas and Penal Change MSc Mediation and Conflict Resolution (evening) LLM in Internet Law and Policy LLM including Indian environmental and energy laws, Tanzanian land law, and exploration of the low take

  15. Electrophysiological Measures of Time Processing in Infant and Adult Brains: Weber's Law Holds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electrophysiological Measures of Time Processing in Infant and Adult Brains: Weber's Law Holds to Weber's Law. More specifically, as with discriminations of other features, it has been found is that temporal discrimination obeys Weber's Law in that discrimination depends on the ratio between two values

  16. (submitted, August 4, 2009) Network-state modulation of power-law frequency-scaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bal, Thierry

    of activity distributed across large assemblies. They share in common a power-law frequency-scaling structure density of Vm activity displays a power-law structure at high frequencies, with a frac- tional scaling of correlation, often man- ifested through power-law scaling behaviour. In such systems, the power spectrum

  17. Recent tax law changes create new opportunities for leasing wind energy property

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schutzer, George J.

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent changes in tax law make leveraged lease transactions far more attractive on paper than they were before the changes. However, changes in the economy and the financial industry and other changes in law counterbalance the favorable tax law changes and make it uncertain whether lease transactions will be used to finance new wind facilities. (author)

  18. POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitzenmacher, Michael

    POWER LAWS FOR MONKEYS TYPINGS RANDOMLY: THE CASE OF UNEQUAL PROBABILITIES BRIAN CONRAD AND MICHAEL MITZENMACHER Abstract. An early result in the history of power laws, due to Miller, concerned the following)=N . Miller proved that in this experiment, the rank-frequency distribution of words follows a power law

  19. On PowerLaw Relationships of the Internet Topology Michalis Faloutsos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On Power­Law Relationships of the Internet Topology Michalis Faloutsos U.C. Riverside Dept. of Comp Despite the apparent randomness of the Internet, we dis­ cover some surprisingly simple power­laws of the Internet topology. These power­laws hold for three snapshots of the Internet, between November 1997

  20. On Power-Law Relationships of the Internet Topology Michalis Faloutsos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On Power-Law Relationships of the Internet Topology Michalis Faloutsos U.C. Riverside Dept. of Comp the apparent randomness of the Internet, we dis- cover some surprisingly simple power-laws of the Internet topology. These power-laws hold for three snapshots of the Internet, between November 1997 and December

  1. Learning Qualitative Relations in Physics with Law Encoding Diagrams Peter C-H. Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Peter

    Learning Qualitative Relations in Physics with Law Encoding Diagrams Peter C-H. Cheng ESRC Centre that evaluates the effectiveness of Law Encoding Diagrams (LEDs) for learning qualitative relations in the domain of elastic colli- sions in physics. A LED is a representation that captures the laws or important relations

  2. Imposing The Law of Demeter and Its Variations Partha pratim Pal 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsky, Naftaly

    Imposing The Law of Demeter and Its Variations Partha pratim Pal 3 partha@cs.rutgers.edu Naftaly H­time enforcement can be phrased as follows 1 : The Law of Demeter (Class Form): Inside an operation o of class c February 28, 1996 Abstract The Law of Demeter [4] is accepted as a useful design principle that promotes

  3. Unifying power-law behaviour, functionality and defect distribution in general software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hatton, Les

    Unifying power-law behaviour, functionality and defect distribution in general software systems Les between power-law distribution of component sizes and defect growth in maturing software systems. It was further noted that power-law distributions appear to be present in software systems from the beginning

  4. Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blandford, Ann

    Studying Academic Lawyers' Information Seeking to Inform the Design of Digital Law Libraries of digital law libraries. Participants found it difficult to use digital law libraries, arising from poor knowledge of the digital library system rather than from poor general electronic research skills. Hazy

  5. A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Fresh Look at Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics Elliott H. Lieb 1 , and Jakob Yngvason to either statistical mechanics or heat engines. In days long gone, the second law of thermodynamics (which numbers of atoms. Willard Gibbs wrote: ``The laws of thermodynamics may easily be obtained from

  6. Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    Fourier Law in the Alternate-Mass Hard-Core Potential Chain Baowen Li,1 Giulio Casati,2,3,1 Jiao size. We provide convincing numerical evidence for the validity of Fourier law of heat conduction in order to obey the Fourier law of heat conduction are still not known. For noninteracting particles

  7. LBNL -41447 A comparison of the power law to quadratic formulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Alberta Edmonton, AB, Canada 1 Synopsis Although the power law has been broadly accepted in measurement that the power law is true over the range of pressures that a building envelope experiences has not been well considerations, and field and laboratory measurements indicate that the power law is valid for low pressure

  8. LAW enFOrcement AcAdemy College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    LAW enFOrcement AcAdemy College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College Requirements for Certification: 16 credits The Law Enforcement Academy prepares students for a career in law en Enforcement Academy is an intense semester of full-time study. Students attend class 40 hours per week for one

  9. RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RIS0-M-2432 SIMPLIFIED LAWS OF SIMIALRITY FOR WIND TURBINE ROTORS Helge Petersen The Test Station for Small Windmills Abstract, Laws of similarity or scaling laws for the character- istics of a wind turbine rotor are of importance to the designer even during the initial design phase of a new wind turbine con

  10. PROGRESS ON A NEW EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newman, Riley D.

    1 PROGRESS ON A NEW EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF THE GRAVITATIONAL INVERSE-SQUARE LAW R.M. BONICALZI, P from an oscillating torsion-pendulum experiment searching for gravitational inverse square law Relativity, i.e. Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation. The experiment reported here is designed

  11. The Application of Linear Algebra in Rigid Body Dynamics Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzuola, Jeremy

    The Application of Linear Algebra in Rigid Body Dynamics Introduction: This research project body simulator, written in Python, capable of modeling, for example, a double pendulum, a car the force laws, such as F=mg for gravity, F=-k*displacement) for a spring, or F=-a*v^2 for drag. #12;Given

  12. Renewal Application

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewal Individual Permit Renewal Application The Permit expires March 31, 2014 and existing permit conditions will be in effect until a new permit is issued. The Permittees...

  13. Local Law Enforcement Implementation of National Anti-terrorism Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dehnke, Nathan

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    terrorism investigations in the area in recent years. There were at least two such investigations in 2010. The first was reported in May, 2010, and was an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) case resu lting in the arrest of a Kansas City man who... anti- terrorism effort. The next chapter will discuss in greater detail the terrorism threat to the United States, specific?lly hi?hli?htin? the fe?er?l ?o?ernment’s responses to this thre?t? ?s well ?s of the role of local law enforcement as part...

  14. Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swingle, Brian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.

  15. Area Law for Gapless States from Local Entanglement Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Swingle; John McGreevy

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate an area law bound on the ground state entanglement entropy of a wide class of gapless quantum states of matter using a strategy called local entanglement thermodynamics. The bound depends only on thermodynamic data, actually a single exponent, the hyper-scaling violation exponent $\\theta$. All systems in $d$ spatial dimensions obeying our scaling assumptions and with $\\theta energy states. Finally, we make contact with the recently proposed $s$-source framework and argue that $\\theta$ and $s$ are related by $s=2^\\theta$.

  16. Note on the first law with p-form potentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Compere, Geoffrey [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The conserved charges for p-form gauge fields coupled to gravity are defined using Lagrangian methods. Our expression for the surface charges is compared with an earlier expression derived using covariant phase space methods. Additional properties of the surfaces charges are discussed. The proof of the first law for gauge fields that are regular when pulled back on the future horizon is detailed and is shown to be valid on the bifurcation surface as well. The formalism is applied to black rings with dipole charges and is also used to provide a definition of energy in plane wave backgrounds.

  17. Temperature Power Law of Equilibrium Heavy Particle Density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sh. Matsumoto; M. Yoshimura

    1999-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A standard calculation of the energy density of heavy stable particles that may pair-annihilate into light particles making up thermal medium is performed to second order of coupling, using the technique of thermal field theory. At very low temperatures a power law of temperature is derived for the energy density of the heavy particle. This is in sharp contrast to the exponentially suppressed contribution estimated from the ideal gas distribution function. The result supports a previous dynamical calculation based on the Hartree approximation, and implies that the relic abundance of dark matter particles is enhanced compared to that based on the Boltzmann equation.

  18. Gravitational wave generation in power-law inflationary models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulo M. Sá; Alfredo B. Henriques

    2008-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the generation of gravitational waves in power-law inflationary models. The energy spectrum of the gravitational waves is calculated using the method of continuous Bogoliubov coefficients. We show that, by looking at the interval of frequencies between 10^(-5) and 10^5 Hz and also at the GHz range, important information can be obtained, both about the inflationary period itself and about the thermalization regime between the end of inflation and the beginning of the radiation-dominated era. We thus deem the development of gravitational wave detectors, covering the MHz/GHz range of frequencies, to be an important task for the future.

  19. International Maritime Law Institute (IMLI) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInterias Solar Energy Jump to:IES Jump to: navigation,Maritime Law

  20. An Introduction to Washington Water Law | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat Place:Alvan BlanchAmiteIn The Artesian-CityIntroduction toLaw

  1. Overview of Export Laws and Regulations The United States export laws and regulations operate to restrict the use of and access to controlled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schladow, S. Geoffrey

    Overview of Export Laws and Regulations The United States export laws and regulations operate security or protection of trade. The export control regulations are not new. Federal regulations restricting the export of goods and technology out of the country have been around since the 1940's. However

  2. How the Second Amendment to China's Patent Law Affects Firms' Patenting Behavior In this study, we examine how the second amendment to China's patent law affects the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    How the Second Amendment to China's Patent Law Affects Firms' Patenting Behavior Abstract In this study, we examine how the second amendment to China's patent law affects the patenting behavior passed a second amendment to its patent system in 2000 in accordance with the Trade-Related Aspects

  3. Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming of Hanford LAW Using THORsm Mineralizing Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, Arlin L.; Nicholas R Soelberg; Douglas W. Marshall; Gary L. Anderson

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) documented, in 2002, a plan for accelerating cleanup of the Hanford Site, located in southeastern Washington State, by at least 35 years. A key element of the plan was acceleration of the tank waste program and completion of ''tank waste treatment by 2028 by increasing the capacity of the planned Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) and using supplemental technologies for waste treatment and immobilization.'' The plan identified steam reforming technology as a candidate for supplemental treatment of as much as 70% of the low-activity waste (LAW). Mineralizing steam reforming technology, offered by THOR Treatment Technologies, LLC would produce a denitrated, granular mineral waste form using a high-temperature fluidized bed process. A pilot scale demonstration of the technology was completed in a 15-cm-diameter reactor vessel. The pilot scale facility was equipped with a highly efficient cyclone separator and heated sintered metal filters for particulate removal, a thermal oxidizer for reduced gas species and NOx destruction, and a packed activated carbon bed for residual volatile species capture. The pilot scale equipment is owned by the DOE, but located at the Science and Technology Applications Research (STAR) Center in Idaho Falls, ID. Pilot scale testing was performed August 2–5, 2004. Flowsheet chemistry and operational parameters were defined through a collaborative effort involving Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory, Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), and THOR Treatment Technologies personnel. Science Application International Corporation, owners of the STAR Center, personnel performed actual pilot scale operation. The pilot scale test achieved a total of 68.7 hrs of cumulative/continuous processing operation before termination in response to a bed de-fluidization condition. 178 kg of LAW surrogate were processed that resulted in 148 kg of solid product, a mass reduction of about 17%. The process achieved essentially complete bed turnover within approximately 40 hours. Samples of mineralized solid product materials were analyzed for chemical/physical properties. SRNL will report separately the results of product performance testing that were accomplished.

  4. LiveWall Operational Evaluation: Seattle Law Enforcement Pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barr, Jonathan L.; Burtner, Edwin R.; Stein, Steven L.

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The LiveWall concept envisioned as an outgrowth of the Precision Information Environment (PIE) project allows communications between separate groups using interactive video, audio, and a shared desktop environment; this allows everyone to participate and collaborate in real time, regardless of location. The LiveWall concept provides a virtual window to other locations, where all parties can interact and collaboratively work with each other. This functionality is intended to improve multi-site coordination amongst emergency operations centers (EOC), field operations sites and across organizations and jurisdictions to accommodate communications during routine and emergency events. For the initial LiveWall operational evaluation PNNL partnered with the Seattle Police Department (SPD). This partnership allowed for the creation of an excellent LiveWall test bed specific to law enforcement. This partnership made it possible to test the LiveWall concept with scenarios involving the many facets of the law enforcement work done by SPD. PNNL and SPD agreed that integrating the systems into operations for a real event would be the best test of the technology and give SPD staff greater visibility into the functionality and benefits offered by the LiveWall concept.

  5. Quantum Heat Engines, the Second Law and Maxwell's Daemon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tien D. Kieu

    2005-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a class of quantum heat engines which consists of two-energy-eigenstate systems, the simplest of quantum mechanical systems, undergoing quantum adiabatic processes and energy exchanges with heat baths, respectively, at different stages of a cycle. Armed with this class of heat engines and some interpretation of heat transferred and work performed at the quantum level, we are able to clarify some important aspects of the second law of thermodynamics. In particular, it is not sufficient to have the heat source hotter than the sink, but there must be a minimum temperature difference between the hotter source and the cooler sink before any work can be extracted through the engines. The size of this minimum temperature difference is dictated by that of the energy gaps of the quantum engines involved. Our new quantum heat engines also offer a practical way, as an alternative to Szilard's engine, to physically realise Maxwell's daemon. Inspired and motivated by the Rabi oscillations, we further introduce some modifications to the quantum heat engines with single-mode cavities in order to, while respecting the second law, extract more work from the heat baths than is otherwise possible in thermal equilibria. Some of the results above are also generalisable to quantum heat engines of an infinite number of energy levels including 1-D simple harmonic oscillators and 1-D infinite square wells.

  6. Scaling law analysis of paraffin thin films on different surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dotto, M. E. R.; Camargo, S. S. Jr. [Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materials, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cx. Postal 68505, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP 21945-970 (Brazil)

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The dynamics of paraffin deposit formation on different surfaces was analyzed based on scaling laws. Carbon-based films were deposited onto silicon (Si) and stainless steel substrates from methane (CH{sub 4}) gas using radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The different substrates were characterized with respect to their surface energy by contact angle measurements, surface roughness, and morphology. Paraffin thin films were obtained by the casting technique and were subsequently characterized by an atomic force microscope in noncontact mode. The results indicate that the morphology of paraffin deposits is strongly influenced by substrates used. Scaling laws analysis for coated substrates present two distinct dynamics: a local roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub local}) associated to short-range surface correlations and a global roughness exponent ({alpha}{sub global}) associated to long-range surface correlations. The local dynamics is described by the Wolf-Villain model, and a global dynamics is described by the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang model. A local correlation length (L{sub local}) defines the transition between the local and global dynamics with L{sub local} approximately 700 nm in accordance with the spacing of planes measured from atomic force micrographs. For uncoated substrates, the growth dynamics is related to Edwards-Wilkinson model.

  7. The Mathematical Structure of the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott H. Lieb; Jakob Yngvason

    2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The essence of the second law of classical thermodynamics is the `entropy principle' which asserts the existence of an additive and extensive entropy function, S, that is defined for all equilibrium states of thermodynamic systems and whose increase characterizes the possible state changes under adiabatic conditions. It is one of the few really fundamental physical laws (in the sense that no deviation, however tiny, is permitted) and its consequences are far reaching. This principle is independent of models, statistical mechanical or otherwise, and can be understood without recourse to Carnot cycles, ideal gases and other assumptions about such things as `heat', `temperature', `reversible processes', etc., as is usually done. Also the well known formula of statistical mechanics, S = -\\sum p log p, is not needed for the derivation of the entropy principle. This contribution is partly a summary of our joint work (Physics Reports, Vol. 310, 1--96 (1999)) where the existence and uniqueness of S is proved to be a consequence of certain basic properties of the relation of adiabatic accessibility among equilibrium states. We also present some open problems and suggest directions for further study.

  8. Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable

  9. Gas Density and the Volume Schmidt Law for Spiral Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O. V. Abramova; A. V. Zasov

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thickness of the equilibrium isothermal gaseous layers and their volume densities \\rho_{gas}(R) in the disc midplane are calculated for 7 spiral galaxies (including our Galaxy) in the frame of self-consistent axisymmetric model. Local velocity dispersions of stellar discs were assumed to be close to marginal values necessary for the discs to be in a stable equilibrium state. Under this condition the stellar discs of at least 5 of 7 galaxies reveal a flaring. Their volume densities decrease with R faster than \\rho_{gas}, and, as a result, the gas dominates by the density at the disc periphery. Comparison of the azimuthally averaged star formation rate SFR with the gas density shows that there is no universal Schmidt law SFR \\rho_{gas}^n, common to all galaxies. Nevertheless, SFR in different galaxies reveals better correlation with the volume gas density than with the column one. Parameter n in the Schmidt law SFR \\rho_{gas}^n, formally calculated by the least square method, lies within 0.8-2.4 range and it's mean value is close to 1.5. Values of n calculated for molecular gas only are characterized by large dispersion, but their mean value is close to 1. Hence the smaller \\rho_{gas} the less is a fraction of gas actively taking part in the process of star formation.

  10. Quantum Refrigerator and the III-law of Thermodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amikam Levy; Robert Alicki; Ronnie Kosloff

    2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The rate of temperature decrease of a cooled quantum bath is studied as its temperature is reduced to the absolute zero. The III-law of thermodynamics is then quantified dynamically by evaluating the characteristic exponent {\\zeta} of the cooling process dT(t)/dt \\sim -T^{\\zeta} when approaching the absolute zero, T \\rightarrow 0. A continuous model of a quantum refrigerator is employed consisting of a working medium composed either by two coupled harmonic oscillators or two coupled 2-level systems. The refrigerator is a nonlinear device merging three currents from three heat baths: a cold bath to be cooled, a hot bath as an entropy sink, and a driving bath which is the source of cooling power. A heat driven refrigerator (absorption refrigerator) is compared to a power driven refrigerator. When optimized both cases lead to the same exponent {\\zeta}, showing a lack of dependence on the form of the working medium and the characteristics of the drivers. The characteristic exponent is therefore determined by the properties of the cold reservoir and its interaction with the system. Two generic heat baths models are considered, a bath composed of harmonic oscillators and a bath composed from ideal Bose/Fermi gas. The restrictions on the interaction Hamiltonian imposed by the III-law are discussed. In the appendix the theory of periodicaly driven open systems and its implication to thermodynamics is outlined.

  11. Protostellar fragmentation in a power-law density distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Burkert; M. Bate; P. Bodenheimer

    1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrodynamical calculations in three space dimensions of the collapse of an isothermal, rotating 1 M\\sol protostellar cloud are presented. The initial density stratification is a power law with density $\\rho \\propto r^{-p}$, with $p=1$. The case of the singular isothermal sphere ($p=2$) is not considered; however $p=1$ has been shown observationally to be a good representation of the density distribution in molecular cloud cores just before the beginning of collapse. The collapse is studied with two independent numerical methods, an SPH code with 200,000 particles, and a finite-difference code with nested grids which give high spatial resolution in the inner regions. Although previous numerical studies have indicated that such a power-law distribution would not result in fragmentation into a binary system, both codes show, in contrast, that multiple fragmentation does occur in the central regions of the protostar. Thus the process of binary formation by fragmentation is shown to be consistent with the fact that a large fraction of young stars are observed to be in binary or multiple systems.

  12. Forensic Application of FM-CW and Pulse Radar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S. K. Koppenjan; R. S. Freeland; M. L. Miller; R. E. Yoder

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) technology has supplied vital assistance in criminal investigations. However, law enforcement personnel desire further developments such that the technology is rapidly deployable, and that it provides both a simple user interface and sophisticated target identification. To assist in the development of target identification algorithms, our efforts involve gathering background GPR data for the various site conditions and circumstances that often typify clandestine burials. For this study, forensic anthropologists established shallow-grave plots at The University of Tennessee Anthropological Research Facility (ARF) that are specific to GPR research. These plots contain donated human cadavers lying in various configurations and depths, surrounded by assorted construction material and backfill debris. We scanned the plots using two GPR technologies: (1) a multi-frequency synthetic-aperture FM-CW radar (200-700 MHz) (GPR-X) developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Special Technologies Laboratory (STL), Bechtel Nevada (Koppenjan et al., 2000), and (2) a commercial pulse radar (SIR-20) manufactured by Geophysical Survey Systems, Inc. (400 and 900 MHz)(GSSI). The sweep-frequency data show the large biological mass decomposing within the torso as encircled ''hot spots.'' The 400-MHz pulse radar exhibit major horizontal reflectors above the body, with shadow reflectors (horizontal multiples) occurring beneath the body at 60 cm depth. The 400-MHz antenna was able to discern the grave walls and folded tarp covering the lower body. Under these moist, clay-rich conditions, the 900-MHz antenna was able to penetrate slightly beyond 30 cm beneath the concrete layer. However, neither system was able to penetrate beyond a one meter depth in the moist, clay-rich soil (fine, mixed, thermic Typic Paleudalf). Example scans from each system are provided, along with a discussion of the survey protocol and general performance.

  13. Treatise with Reasoning Proof of the First Law of Energy Conservation Forced Interactions of Material Systems and Their Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Treatise with Reasoning Proof of the First Law of Energy Conservation Forced Interactions The First Law of Energy Conservation, have been traditionally accepted as axiomatic laws that cannot and reasoned the general proof of energy conservation based on the Newton's Laws of motion and energy

  14. Improved Engine Design Concepts Using the Second Law of Thermodynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was aimed at developing and using numerical tools which incorporate the second law of thermodynamics to better understand engine operation and particularly the combustion process. A major activity of this project was the continual enhancement and use of an existing engine cycle simulation to investigate a wide range of engine parameters and concepts. The major motivation of these investigations was to improve engine efficiency. These improvements were examined from both the first law and second law perspective. One of the most important aspects of this work was the identification of the combustion irreversibilities as functions of engine design and operating parameters. The combustion irreversibility may be quantified in a number of ways but one especially useful way is by determining the destruction of exergy (availability) during the combustion process. This destruction is the penalty due to converting the fuel exergy to thermal energy for producing work. The engine cycle simulation was used to examine the performance of an automotive (5.7 liter), V-8 spark-ignition engine. A base case was defined for operation at 1400 rpm, stoichiometric, MBT spark timing with a bmep of 325 kPa. For this condition, the destruction of exergy during the combustion process was 21.0%. Variations of many engine parameters (including speed, load, and spark timing) did not alter the level of destruction very much (with these variations, the exergy destruction was within the range of 20.5-21.5%). Also, the use of turbocharging or the use of an over-expanded engine design did not significantly change the exergy destruction. The exergy destruction during combustion was most affected by increased inlet oxygen concentration (which reduced the destruction due to the higher combustion temperatures) and by the use of cooled EGR (which increased the destruction). This work has demonstrated that, in general, the exergy destruction for conventional engines is fairly constant ({approx}21%) for a range of operating and design parameters. Further, to achieve high efficiency engines requires that the exergy be managed and not necessarily reduced. The overall thermodynamics is the final discriminator regarding high efficiency engines.

  15. Transport coefficients in Lorentz plasmas with the power-law kappa-distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiulin, Du [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Transport coefficients in Lorentz plasma with the power-law ?-distribution are studied by means of using the transport equation and macroscopic laws of Lorentz plasma without magnetic field. Expressions of electric conductivity, thermoelectric coefficient, and thermal conductivity for the power-law ?-distribution are accurately derived. It is shown that these transport coefficients are significantly modified by the ?-parameter, and in the limit of the parameter ??? they are reduced to the standard forms for a Maxwellian distribution.

  16. Water Rules: In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe Fall 2013 txH2O 9 Photo by Leslie Lee, Texas Water Resources Institute.water rules In Texas, conservation increasingly the law of the land ] Thanks to changes in Texas laws and city ordinances and rebates, state... and local policies are catching up with water conservation practices, saving homeowners? water and money. Today these laws, ordinances and rebates promote outdoor landscape conservation through activities such as encouraging xeriscaping, o#17;ering...

  17. Axial magnetic field and toroidally streaming fast ions in the dense plasma focus are natural consequences of conservation laws in the curved axisymmetric geometry of the current sheath

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auluck, S K H

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct measurement of axial magnetic field in the PF-1000 dense plasma focus (DPF), and its reported correlation with neutron emission, call for a fresh look at previous reports of existence of axial magnetic field component in the DPF from other laboratories, and associated data suggesting toroidal directionality of fast ions participating in fusion reactions, with a view to understand the underlying physics. In this context, recent work dealing with application of the hyperbolic conservation law formalism to the DPF is extended in this paper to a curvilinear coordinate system, which reflects the shape of the DPF current sheath. Locally-unidirectional shock propagation in this coordinate system enables construction of a system of 7 one-dimensional hyperbolic conservation law equations with geometric source terms, taking into account all the components of magnetic field and flow velocity. Rankine-Hugoniot jump conditions for this system lead to expressions for the axial magnetic field and three components of ...

  18. Giant Planet Migration in Viscous Power-Law Discs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. G. Edgar

    2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Many extra-solar planets discovered over the past decade are gas giants in tight orbits around their host stars. Due to the difficulties of forming these `hot Jupiters' in situ, they are generally assumed to have migrated to their present orbits through interactions with their nascent discs. In this paper, we present a systematic study of giant planet migration in power law discs. We find that the planetary migration rate is proportional to the disc surface density. This is inconsistent with the assumption that the migration rate is simply the viscous drift speed of the disc. However, this result can be obtained by balancing the angular momentum of the planet with the viscous torque in the disc. We have verified that this result is not affected by adjusting the resolution of the grid, the smoothing length used, or the time at which the planet is released to migrate.

  19. The Size of Compact Extra Dimensions from Blackbody Radiation Laws

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaton Ramos; Henrique Boschi-Filho

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we generalize the Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien's displacement laws for a $D$-dimensional manifold composed by 4 non-compact dimensions and $D-4$ compact dimensions, $ R^{1,3}$ x $T^{D-4} $. The electromagnetic field is assumed to pervade all compact and non-compact dimensions. In particular, the total radiated power becomes $ R(T) = \\sigma_B T^4 + \\sigma_D (a) \\, T^D $, where $a$ is the size of the compact extra dimensions. For $D=10$, predicted from String Theory, and $D=11$, from M-Theory, the outcomes agree with available experimental data for $a$ as high as 2 x $10^{-7}$m.

  20. A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filippo Giraldi; Francesco Petruccione

    2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power 3/2, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.

  1. A reservoir for inverse power law decoherence of a qubit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giraldi, Filippo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The exact dynamics of a Jaynes-Cummings model for a qubit interacting with a continuous distribution of bosons, characterized by a special form of the spectral density, is evaluated analytically. The special reservoir is designed to induce anomalous decoherence, resulting in an inverse power law relaxation, of power $3/2$, over an evaluated long time scale. If compared to the exponential-like relaxation obtained from the original Jaynes-Cummings model for Lorentzian-type spectral density functions, decoherence is strongly suppressed. The special reservoir exhibits an upper band edge frequency coinciding with the qubit transition frequency. Known theoretical models of photonic band gap media suitable for the realization of the designed reservoir are proposed.

  2. Information theoretic security by the laws of classical physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mingesz, R; Gingl, Z; Granqvist, C G; Wen, H; Peper, F; Eubank, T; Schmera, G

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been shown recently that the use of two pairs of resistors with enhanced Johnson-noise and a Kirchhoff-loop-i.e., a Kirchhoff-Law-Johnson-Noise (KLJN) protocol-for secure key distribution leads to information theoretic security levels superior to those of a quantum key distribution, including a natural immunity against a man-in-the-middle attack. This issue is becoming particularly timely because of the recent full cracks of practical quantum communicators, as shown in numerous peer-reviewed publications. This presentation first briefly surveys the KLJN system and then discusses related, essential questions such as: what are perfect and imperfect security characteristics of key distribution, and how can these two types of securities be unconditional (or information theoretical)? Finally the presentation contains a live demonstration.

  3. Persistence of locality in systems with power-law interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhe-Xuan Gong; Michael Foss-Feig; Spyridon Michalakis; Alexey V. Gorshkov

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by recent experiments with ultra-cold matter, we derive a new bound on the propagation of information in $D$-dimensional lattice models exhibiting $1/r^{\\alpha}$ interactions with $\\alpha>D$. The bound contains two terms: One accounts for the short-ranged part of the interactions, giving rise to a bounded velocity and reflecting the persistence of locality out to intermediate distances, while the other contributes a power-law decay at longer distances. We demonstrate that these two contributions not only bound but, except at long times, \\emph{qualitatively reproduce} the short- and long-distance dynamical behavior following a local quench in an $XY$ chain and a transverse-field Ising chain. In addition to describing dynamics in numerous intractable long-range interacting lattice models, our results can be experimentally verified in a variety of ultracold-atomic and solid-state systems.

  4. Second Law Analysis of Constant Temperature Diesel Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Druecke, Dr. Ben [University of Wisconsin; Foster, Prof. Dave [University of Wisconsin; Klein, Prof. Sandy [University of Wisconsin; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; Chakravarthy, Veerathu K [ORNL; Graves, Ronald L [ORNL

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results from a second law analysis of a constant temperature diesel combustion process are presented and show that this process is not significantly more reversible than conventional combustion. In addition to quantifying the total availability destruction in combustion, the magnitudes of the combustion irreversibilities attributable to each irreversible subprocess (mixing, oxidation and internal heat transfer) were determined. The primary contributor to combustion irreversibilities is the thermal interaction of reacting and non-reacting species during the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer subprocesses. Increasing combustion temperature significantly decreases availability destruction by making the oxidation and internal thermal energy transfer processes more reversible. While increasing combustion temperature decreases combustion irreversibility, it also results in an increase in exhaust temperature. A tradeoff exists between large availability destruction at low combustion temperatures and large amounts of availability discarded in the exhaust at high combustion temperatures. The optimum amount of work was found to occur for a combustion temperature of approximately 1600 K.

  5. Dark Energy and Search for the Generalized Second Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balendra Kr. Dev Choudhury; Julie Saikia

    2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The discovery of accelerated Hubble expansion in the SNIa data and the observed power spectrum of the microwave background radiation provide an ample support for Dark energy and Dark matter. Except for the so far well-known facts that cold dark matter (or simply dark matter) is pressureless, and dark energy has a negative pressure, the nature of these two still remains a complete mystery. The mystery facilitates different consideration. In one hand, dark matter and dark energy are assumed as distinct entities, and other interpretation is that both are different manifestation of a common structure, often referred as quartessence. Chaplygin gas, a perfect fluid also favours the second interpretation. Here, we consider modified chaplygin gas as dark energy candidate. Taking into account the existence of the observer's event horizon in accelerated universe, we find the condition where the generalized second law of gravitational thermodynamics is valid and the positivity of the temperature of the phantom fluid remains intact.

  6. Gravitation, C, P and T symmetries and the Second Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Chardin

    2008-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The intimate links between gravitation and the second law are summarized and two less known relations between gravity and thermodynamics are studied. Firstly, the information cost required to operate a Maxwell's demon on a curved spacetime is estimated using the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy. More importantly, the charge and time (C and T) reversal properties of the Kerr-Newman solution in General relativity show that this solution, similarly to the Dirac equation, appears to represent both a particle and its antiparticle and suggests a definition of antimatter in general relativity. This definition leads to a parameter free explanation of the cosmological constant term observed in the supernovae data. The relation of this definition of antimatter with the coupled systems through opposite time arrows studied by Schulman is also emphasized.

  7. Gravitation law and source model in the anisotropic geometrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergey Siparov

    2010-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The GRT modification taking into account the dependence of metric on the velocities of the sources is built. It is shown that this dependence follows from the equivalence principle and from the inseparability of the field equations and geodesics equations. As it is known, the latter are the conditions of the field equations solvability, and their form coincides with Newtonian one only in the lowest approximation. The obtained modification provides the explanation for the flat character of the rotation curves of spiral galaxies, for Tully-Fisher law, for some specific features of globular clusters behavior and for the essential excess of the observable gravitational lens effect over the predicted one. Neither dark matter nor arbitrary change of dynamics equations appeared to be needed. Important cosmological consequences are obtained.

  8. Scaling laws for slippage on superhydrophobic fractal surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottin-Bizonne, C; Bocquet, L

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the slippage on hierarchical fractal superhydrophobic surfaces, and find an unexpected rich behavior for hydrodynamic friction on these surfaces. We develop a scaling law approach for the effective slip length, which is validated by numerical resolution of the hydrodynamic equations. Our results demonstrate that slippage does strongly depend on the fractal dimension, and is found to be always smaller on fractal surfaces as compared to surfaces with regular patterns. This shows that in contrast to naive expectations, the value of effective contact angle is not sufficient to infer the amount of slippage on a fractal surface: depending on the underlying geometry of the roughness, strongly superhydrophobic surfaces may in some cases be fully inefficient in terms of drag reduction. Finally, our scaling analysis can be directly extended to the study of heat transfer at fractal surfaces, in order to estimate the Kapitsa surface resistance on patterned surfaces, as well as to the question of trapping of diff...

  9. Proof of a New Area Law in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bousso, Raphael

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A future holographic screen is a hypersurface of indefinite signature, foliated by marginally trapped surfaces with area $A(r)$. We prove that $A(r)$ grows strictly monotonically. Future holographic screens arise in gravitational collapse. Past holographic screens exist in our own universe; they obey an analogous area law. Both exist more broadly than event horizons or dynamical horizons. Working within classical General Relativity, we assume the null curvature condition and certain generiticity conditions. We establish several nontrivial intermediate results. If a surface $\\sigma$ divides a Cauchy surface into two disjoint regions, then a null hypersurface $N$ that contains $\\sigma$ splits the entire spacetime into two disjoint portions: the future-and-interior, $K^+$; and the past-and-exterior, $K^-$. If a family of surfaces $\\sigma(r)$ foliate a hypersurface, while flowing everywhere to the past or exterior, then the future-and-interior $K^+(r)$ grows monotonically under inclusion. If the surfaces $\\sigma(...

  10. Testing the parametric energy conservation law in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Testing the parametric energy conservation law in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator verification of energy conservation in a parametric oscillator is reported with an optical frequency precision

  11. Scrutinizing RTAs, A Comparative Review of David Gantz, Regional Trade Agreements: Law, Policy and Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Odom, Matt; Sharp, Ben

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Book review, Scrutinizing RTAs, A Comparative Review of David Gantz, Regional Trade Agreements: Law, Policy and Practice (Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2009)....

  12. Microsoft Word - Updated By-Laws for EM QA Corporate Board from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    014 1 By-Laws Office of Environmental Management Quality Assurance Corporate Board Article 1 Name The name shall be the Environmental Management (EM) Quality Assurance (QA)...

  13. Dangerous Spaces of Citizenship: Gang Talk, Rights Talk, and Rule of Law in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holston, James

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Violence in Democratic Brazil. Ethnography Caldeira, TeresaResignifications of Justice in Brazil. In Law and DisorderDemocracy and Violence in Brazil. Comparative Studies in

  14. Compliance and competitiveness : how prosecutors enforce labor and environmental laws and promote economic development in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coslovsky, Salo Vinocur

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation bridges the fields of international development, legal sociology, and organizational behavior to examine how Brazilian prosecutors enforce labor and environmental laws. Typically, the enforcement of ...

  15. Toward a Legal Enlightenment: Discussions in Contemporary China on the Rule of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Albert H.Y.

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the transition from feudalism to capitalism which theprogress from "slave society to feudalism to capitalism toto legal systems under feudalism, and socialist rule of law

  16. Towards Coherent Regulation of Law Enforcement Surveillance in the Network Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    Towards Coherent Regulation of Law Enforcement Surveillance in the Network Society Serena Chan Laboratory for Information and Decision Systems Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139

  17. Reply to Comment on "Modified Coulomb Law in a Strongly Magnetized Vacuum"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. E. Shabad; V. V. Usov

    2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a reply to the Comment by S.-Y. Wang concerning our paper "Modified Coulomb Law in a Strongly Magnetized Vacuum"

  18. The Second Law in 4D Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet Gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saugata Chatterjee; Maulik Parikh

    2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The topological contribution to black hole entropy of a Gauss-Bonnet term in four dimensions opens up the possibility of a violation of the second law of thermodynamics in black hole mergers. We show, however, that the second law is not violated in the regime where Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet holds as an effective theory and black holes can be treated thermodynamically. For mergers of AdS black holes, the second law appears to be violated even in Einstein gravity; we argue, however, that the second law holds when gravitational potential energy is taken into account.

  19. Quasilocal conservation laws in XXZ spin-1/2 chains: open, periodic and twisted boundary conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomaz Prosen

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A continuous family of quasilocal exact conservation laws is constructed in the anisotropic Heisenberg (XXZ) spin-1/2 chain for periodic (or twisted) boundary conditions and for a set of commensurate anisotropies densely covering the entire easy plane interaction regime. All local conserved operators follow from the standard (Hermitian) transfer operator in fundamental representation (with auxiliary spin s=1/2), and are all even with respect to a spin flip operation. However, the quasilocal family is generated by differentiation of a non-Hermitian highest weight transfer operator with respect to a complex auxiliary spin representation parameter s and includes also operators of odd parity. For a finite chain with open boundaries the time derivatives of quasilocal operators are not strictly vanishing but result in operators localized near the boundaries of the chain. We show that a simple modification of the non-Hermitian transfer operator results in exactly conserved, but still quasilocal operators for periodic or generally twisted boundary conditions. As an application, we demonstrate that implementing the new exactly conserved operator family for estimating the high-temperature spin Drude weight results, in the thermodynamic limit, in exactly the same lower bound as for almost conserved family and open boundaries. Under the assumption that the bound is saturating (suggested by agreement with previous thermodynamic Bethe ansatz calculations) we propose a simple explicit construction of infinite time averages of local operators such as the spin current.

  20. Quasi-Moseley's law for strong narrow bandwidth soft x-ray sources containing higher charge-state ions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohashi, Hayato, E-mail: ohashi@eng.u-toyama.ac.jp; Higashiguchi, Takeshi, E-mail: higashi@cc.utsunomiya-u.ac.jp; Suzuki, Yuhei; Arai, Goki; Otani, Yukitoshi; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Li, Bowen [School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [HiLASE Project, Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences CR, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Sakaue, Hiroyuki A.; Kato, Daiji; Murakami, Izumi; Tamura, Naoki; Sudo, Shigeru; Suzuki, Chihiro [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Koike, Fumihiro [Faculty of Science and Technology, Sophia University, Chiyoda, Tokyo 102-8554 (Japan)

    2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Bright narrow band emission observed in optically thin plasmas of high-Z elements in the extreme ultraviolet spectral region follows a quasi-Moseley's law. The peak wavelength can be expressed as ?=(21.86±12.09)×R{sub ?}{sup ?1}×(Z?(23.23±2.87)){sup ?(1.52±0.12)}, where R{sub ?} is the Rydberg constant. The wavelength varies from 13.5?nm to 4.0?nm as the atomic number, Z, increases from Z?=?50 to Z?=?83. The range of emission wavelengths available from hot optically thin plasmas permits the development of bright laboratory-scale sources for applications including x-ray microscopy and x-ray absorption fine structure determination.