National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for appliances characteristics detached

  1. APPLIANCE STANDARDS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    APPLIANCE STANDARDS How they interact with energy efficiency programs Alas, those mercurial baselines. Since 2005, 45 mandatory Department of Energy (DOE) efficiency standards have...

  2. Appliance Efficiency Regulations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The federal government has imposed and updated appliance efficiency standards through several legislative acts,* and now has standards in place or under development for 30 classes of...

  3. Guide to Kitchen Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-10-01

    This fact sheet tells you how to buy and maintain energy-efficient kitchen appliances, including refrigerators, freezers, and dishwashers, to save energy and money.

  4. Appliance Energy Calculator

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Our appliance and electronic energy use calculator allows you to estimate your annual energy use and cost to operate specific products. The wattage values provided are samples only; actual wattage...

  5. Determinants of residential electricity consumption: Using smart meter data to examine the effect of climate, building characteristics, appliance stock, and occupants' behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kavousian, A; Rajagopal, R; Fischer, M

    2013-06-15

    We propose a method to examine structural and behavioral determinants of residential electricity consumption, by developing separate models for daily maximum (peak) and minimum (idle) consumption. We apply our method on a data set of 1628 households' electricity consumption. The results show that weather, location and floor area are among the most important determinants of residential electricity consumption. In addition to these variables, number of refrigerators and entertainment devices (e.g., VCRs) are among the most important determinants of daily minimum consumption, while number of occupants and high-consumption appliances such as electric water heaters are the most significant determinants of daily maximum consumption. Installing double-pane windows and energy-efficient lights helped to reduce consumption, as did the energy-conscious use of electric heater. Acknowledging climate change as a motivation to save energy showed correlation with lower electricity consumption. Households with individuals over 55 or between 19 and 35 years old recorded lower electricity consumption, while pet owners showed higher consumption. Contrary to some previous studies, we observed no significant correlation between electricity consumption and income level, home ownership, or building age. Some otherwise energy-efficient features such as energy-efficient appliances, programmable thermostats, and insulation were correlated with slight increase in electricity consumption. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneous Equipment Electricity Use in New Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard E.; Rittelman, William; Parker, Danny; Homan, Gregory

    2007-01-01

    62440 Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneousof California. Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, anduses (appliances, lighting, electronics, and miscellaneous

  7. Tips: Smart Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    manufacturers are now offering "smart" appliances -- appliances that can be connected to smart electric meters or home energy management systems to help you shift your electricity...

  8. Tips: Smart Appliances | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Some manufacturers are now offering "smart" appliances -- appliances that can be connected to smart electric meters or home energy management systems to help you shift your...

  9. Research & Development Roadmap: Next-Generation Appliances |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Research & Development Roadmap: Next-Generation Appliances Research & Development Roadmap: Next-Generation Appliances The Research and Development (R&D) Roadmap for Next-Generation...

  10. Remote repair appliance

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heumann, Frederick K. (Ballston Spa, NY); Wilkinson, Jay C. (Ballston Spa, NY); Wooding, David R. (Saratoga Springs, NY)

    1997-01-01

    A remote appliance for supporting a tool for performing work at a worksite on a substantially circular bore of a workpiece and for providing video signals of the worksite to a remote monitor comprising: a baseplate having an inner face and an outer face; a plurality of rollers, wherein each roller is rotatably and adjustably attached to the inner face of the baseplate and positioned to roll against the bore of the workpiece when the baseplate is positioned against the mouth of the bore such that the appliance may be rotated about the bore in a plane substantially parallel to the baseplate; a tool holding means for supporting the tool, the tool holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the baseplate such that the working end of the tool is positioned on the inner face side of the baseplate; a camera for providing video signals of the worksite to the remote monitor; and a camera holding means for supporting the camera on the inner face side of the baseplate, the camera holding means being adjustably attached to the outer face of the baseplate. In a preferred embodiment, roller guards are provided to protect the rollers from debris and a bore guard is provided to protect the bore from wear by the rollers and damage from debris.

  11. Energy Star Appliances 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service ENERGY STAR Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Star® Appliances 1 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service ENERGY STAR® Appliances ENERGY STAR®-labeled appliances save you money by using less electricity and water than other appliances. Better appliance energy efficiency comes from quality materials and technologically advanced materials. Although energy efficient

  12. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01

    appliance price projections than the assumption-basedrepresentative projection of future prices than the constant

  13. Appliances & Electronics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    href"node587248">Check out these tips -- which include using a power strip and switching to ENERGY STAR appliances -- that every homeowner should try. Looking for ways to...

  14. Associative detachment of rubidium hydroxide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason N. Byrd; H. Harvey Michels; John A. Montgomery Jr.; Robin Ct

    2013-07-15

    We performed calculations of the optimized structure, harmonic vibrational frequencies and dissociation energies of RbOH and its anion, and investigate the interactions between Rb and OH$^-$ leading to possible associative detachment pathways. The electron affinity of RbOH was computed to be 0.2890 eV, with a bond energy of Rb+OH$^-$ half that of Rb+OH. To determine other possible charge loss pathways, the Rb+OH and Rb+OH$^-$ dissociation curves were computed using couple cluster methods along all possible collisional angles. An adiabatic curve crossing between the neutral and charged molecule was found at the inner wall of the molecular potential curve for linear geometries. Associative detachment rates were estimated using the Langevin ion capture cross-section for hydroxide. We find for $v\\ge 2$ an associative detachment rate of $>2\\times 10^{-9}$ cm$^3$s$^{-1}$, while for $v=0$ and 1 no appreciable rate exists. This strong dependence on vibrational level suggests the ability to control the associative detachment rate directly.

  15. GE Appliances: Order (2010-CE-2113)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE issued an Order after entering into a Compromise Agreement with General Electric Appliances after finding GE Appliances had failed to certify that certain models of dehumidifiers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  16. Tips: Shopping for Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Appliances July 16, 2014 - 7:33pm Addthis What's the real cost? Every appliance has two price tags -- the purchase price and the operating cost. Consider both when buying a new...

  17. Midea Washing Appliance: Order (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered Midea Washing Appliance Mfg. Co., Ltd. to pay a $6,000 civil penalty after finding Midea Washing Appliance had failed to certify that certain models of dishwashers comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  18. Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Issuance Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC) - Central Air Conditioner Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group; Notice of Open...

  19. Modeling of GE Appliances: Final Presentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

    2013-01-31

    This report is the final in a series of three reports funded by U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) in collaboration with GE Appliances through a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) to describe the potential of GE Appliances DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid.

  20. Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneous Equipment Electricity Use in New Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Richard E.; Rittelman, William; Parker, Danny; Homan, Gregory

    2007-01-01

    62440 Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and MiscellaneousAppliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneoususes (appliances, lighting, electronics, and miscellaneous

  1. Energy Savings Potential and Research, Development, & Demonstration Opportunities for Commercial Building Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zogg, Robert; Goetzler, William; Ahlfeldt, Christopher; Hiraiwa, Hirokazu; Sathe, Amul; Sutherland, Timothy

    2009-12-01

    This study characterizes and assesses the appliances used in commercial buildings. The primary objectives of this study were to document the energy consumed by commercial appliances and identify research, development and demonstration (RD&D) opportunities for efficiency improvements, excluding product categories such as HVAC, building lighting, refrigeration equipment, and distributed generation systems. The study included equipment descriptions, characteristics of the equipments market, national energy consumption, estimates of technical potential for energy-saving technologies, and recommendations for U.S. Department of Energy programs that can promote energy savings in commercial appliances.

  2. Appliance remanufacturing and life cycle energy and economic savings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boustani, Avid

    In this paper we evaluate the energy and economic consequences of appliance remanufacturing relative to purchasing new. The appliances presented in this report constitute major residential appliances: refrigerator, dishwasher, ...

  3. GE Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2010-CE-2113)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that General Electric Appliances failed to certify a variety of dehumidifiers as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards.

  4. Earthjustice, Appliance Standards Awareness Project, Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Council - Comments in response to DOE solicitation of views on the implementation of test procedure waivers for large capacity clothes washers Earthjustice, Appliance Standards...

  5. Appliance Rebates: Frequently Asked Questions | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Spikes Former Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory The appliance rebate program has been wildly successful in many states. So successful, in fact, that people...

  6. Smart Domestic Appliances Provide Flexibility for Sustainable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    benefits and difficulties associated with smart grid appliances. The presenter discusses demand response and load management and how users of smart grid can benefit renewable...

  7. Appliances and Electronics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    electricity. | Photo courtesy of Dennis SchroederNREL. Incentives and Financing for Energy Efficient Homes This chart shows how much energy a typical appliance uses per year...

  8. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Larry

    2010-01-01

    the higher the product cost and retail price. Table 3.change and appliance price Room air conditioners Small (price data to clarify price

  9. ASKO Appliances: Compliance Determination (2010-SE-0601)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE tested four units dishwasher manufactured by ASKO Appliances, Inc. Applying statistical analysis, DOE found that the dishwasher meets the federal energy standards for maximum energy use.

  10. Energy Efficient Appliance Sales Soar in North Carolina

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    It took just eight days for retailers to rack up $64 million in sales of appliances through the state's Appliance Rebate Program.

  11. HVAC, Water Heating, and Appliances Overview - 2015 BTO Peer...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Heating, and Appliances Overview - 2015 BTO Peer Review HVAC, Water Heating, and Appliances Overview - 2015 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Tony Bouza, U.S. Department of Energy View...

  12. State Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program: Volume 1 - Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program: Volume 1 - Program Design Lessons Learned State Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program: Volume 1 - Program Design Lessons...

  13. State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP) reports...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP) reports database The State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP) reports database includes rebate reports...

  14. State Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program: Volume 2 - Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program: Volume 2 - Program Results State Energy-Efficient Appliance Rebate Program: Volume 2 - Program Results View the report State...

  15. Fort Collins Utilities - Residential and Small Commercial Appliance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Residential and Small Commercial Appliance Rebate Program Fort Collins Utilities - Residential and Small Commercial Appliance Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings...

  16. EIA Energy Efficiency-Appliance Standards and Labeling Links

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and enforcement requirements for residential appliances; final rule Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy - Appliances & Commercial Equipment Standards, the program develops test...

  17. Four-County EMC- Residential Energy Efficiency Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Four-County EMC offers its customers $50 rebates for purchasing certain Energy Star appliances. Eligible appliances include refrigerators, dishwashers, clothes washers and freezers. The rebates are...

  18. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dale, Larry; Antinori, Camille; McNeil, Michael; McMahon, James E.; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-07-20

    Real prices of major appliances (refrigerators, dishwashers, heating and cooling equipment) have been falling since the late 1970s despite increases in appliance efficiency and other quality variables. This paper demonstrates that historic increases in efficiency over time, including those resulting from minimum efficiency standards, incur smaller price increases than were expected by Department of Energy (DOE) forecasts made in conjunction with standards. This effect can be explained by technological innovation, which lowers the cost of efficiency, and by market changes contributing to lower markups and economies of scale in production of higher efficiency units. We reach four principal conclusions about appliance trends and retail price setting: 1. For the past several decades, the retail price of appliances has been steadily falling while efficiency has been increasing. 2. Past retail price predictions made by DOE analyses of efficiency standards, assuming constant prices over time, have tended to overestimate retail prices. 3. The average incremental price to increase appliance efficiency has declined over time. DOE technical support documents have typically overestimated this incremental price and retail prices. 4. Changes in retail markups and economies of scale in production of more efficient appliances may have contributed to declines in prices of efficient appliances.

  19. Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant Levels in California Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullen, Nasim A.

    2014-01-01

    35): 5661-67. Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on PollutantO-. ! Natural Gas Appliances on PollutantA! =? >7! =::! Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant

  20. Pollutant Emission Factors from Residential Natural Gas Appliances: A Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traynor, G.W.

    2011-01-01

    distributions from residential natural gas appliances. CH 4ng/J) distribution from residential natural gas appliances.from Residential Natural Gas Appliances: A Literature Review

  1. West Virginia Consumers Have Appliance Rebate 'Trifecta'

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    West Virginians didnt waste any time in taking advantage of the Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program. Only three months in, and almost half of the available $1.7 million is already spoken for.

  2. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01

    appliance price trends. Energy Policy 37, 597-605. Day, G.learning hypothesis. Energy Policy 37, 2525-2535. Fusfeld,curves for wind farms. Energy Policy 33, 133-150. Klaassen,

  3. Wyoming's Appliance Rebate Program Surges Ahead

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wyomings appliance rebate program, which opened in April, continues through this fall. Residents of the Equality State can receive rebates on ENERGY STAR certified clothes washers, dishwashers, water heaters and gas furnaces ranging from $50 to $250.

  4. 2009 CALIFORNIA RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE SATURATION STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data, household energy consumption data and weather information to calculate average annual information on appliances, equipment, and general consumption patterns. Data collection was completed in early 2010. The study yielded energy consumption estimates for 27 electric and 10 natural gas

  5. Equator Appliance: ENERGY STAR Referral (EZ 3720)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE referred Equator Appliance clothes washer EZ 3720 to EPA, brand manager of the ENERGY STAR program, for appropriate action after DOE testing revealed that the model does not meet ENERGY STAR requirements.

  6. Tips: Kitchen Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Most of the energy used by a dishwasher is for water heating. The EnergyGuide label estimates how much power is needed per year to run the appliance and to heat the water...

  7. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    main conclusions about off-grid markets for DC appliances,and power systems. Mature Off-Grid Markets for DC Appliancesapplications include off-grid residential, telecom, remote

  8. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Ovens Electric Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Solar WaterOvens Appliance DC-internal product power (Watts) Personal Computers and Related Equipment Rechargeable Electronics Refrigerators Room Air Conditioners Security Systems Solar

  9. State Appliance Standards (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    State appliance standards have existed for decades, starting with Californias enforcement of minimum efficiency requirements for refrigerators and several other products in 1979. In 1987, recognizing that different efficiency standards for the same products in different states could create problems for manufacturers, Congress enacted the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA), which initially covered 12 products. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT92), EPACT2005, and EISA2007 added additional residential and commercial products to the 12 products originally specified under NAECA.

  10. Non-intrusive appliance monitor apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hart, George W. (Natick, MA); Kern, Jr., Edward C. (Lincoln, MA); Schweppe, Fred C. (Carlisle, MA)

    1989-08-15

    A non-intrusive monitor of energy consumption of residential appliances is described in which sensors, coupled to the power circuits entering a residence, supply analog voltage and current signals which are converted to digital format and processed to detect changes in certain residential load parameters, i.e., admittance. Cluster analysis techniques are employed to group change measurements into certain categories, and logic is applied to identify individual appliances and the energy consumed by each.

  11. Non-intrusive appliance monitor apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hart, G.W.; Kern, E.C. Jr.; Schweppe, F.C.

    1989-08-15

    A non-intrusive monitor of energy consumption of residential appliances is described in which sensors, coupled to the power circuits entering a residence, supply analog voltage and current signals which are converted to digital format and processed to detect changes in certain residential load parameters, i.e., admittance. Cluster analysis techniques are employed to group change measurements into certain categories, and logic is applied to identify individual appliances and the energy consumed by each. 9 figs.

  12. Plume detachment from a magnetic nozzle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deline, Christopher A. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Bengtson, Roger D.; Breizman, Boris N.; Tushentsov, Mikhail R. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Jones, Jonathan E.; Chavers, D. Greg; Dobson, Chris C. [Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 35805 (United States); Schuettpelz, Branwen M. [University of Alabama at Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama 35899 (United States)

    2009-03-15

    High-powered electric propulsion thrusters utilizing a magnetized plasma require that plasma exhaust detach from the applied magnetic field in order to produce thrust. This paper presents experimental results demonstrating that a sufficiently energetic and flowing plasma can indeed detach from a magnetic nozzle. Microwave interferometer and probe measurements provide plume density, electron temperature, and ion flux measurements in the nozzle region. Measurements of ion flux show a low-beta plasma plume which follows applied magnetic field lines until the plasma kinetic pressure reaches the magnetic pressure and a high-beta plume expanding ballistically afterward. Several magnetic configurations were tested including a reversed field nozzle configuration. Despite the dramatic change in magnetic field profile, the reversed field configuration yielded little measurable change in plume trajectory, demonstrating the plume is detached. Numerical simulations yield density profiles in agreement with the experimental results.

  13. Syneresis and delayed detachment in agar plates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibaut Divoux; Bosi Mao; Patrick Snabre

    2015-02-20

    Biogels made of crosslinked polymers such as proteins or polysaccharides behave as porous soft solids and store large amount of solvent. These gels undergo spontaneous aging, called syneresis that consists in the shrinkage of the gel matrix and the progressive expulsion of the solvent. As a result, a biogel originally casted in a container often lose contact with the container sidewalls, and the detachment time is a priori difficult to anticipate since it may occur over variable time spans (from hours to days). Here we report on the syneresis phenomena in agar plates that consist in Petri dishes filled with a gel mainly composed of agar. Direct observations and speckle pattern correlation analysis allow us to rationalize the delayed detachment of the gel from the sidewall of the Petri dish. The detachment time $t^*$ is surprisingly not controlled by the mass loss as one would intuitively expect. Instead, $t^*$ is strongly correlated to the gel minimum thickness $e_{min}$ measured along the sidewall of the plate, and increases as a robust function of $e_{min}$ independently of the prior mass-loss history. Time-resolved correlation spectroscopy atypically applied to such weakly diffusive media gives access to the local thinning rate of the gel. This technique also allows us to detect the gel micro-displacements that are triggered by the water evaporation prior to the detachment, and even to anticipate the latter from a few hours. Our work provides observables to predict the detachment time of agar gels in dishes, and highlights the relevance of speckle pattern correlation analysis for the quantitative investigation of the syneresis dynamics in biopolymer gels.

  14. Detachment Faulting & Geothermal Resources- Pearl Hot Spring, NV

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Detachment Faulting & Geothermal Resources - Pearl Hot Spring, NV presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

  15. Sediment detachment by rain power Emmanuel J. Gabet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabet, Emmanuel "Manny"

    , washload, kinematic wave Citation: Gabet, E. J., and T. Dunne, Sediment detachment by rain power, Water, detaching soil particles and displacing water. We use the term, rain power, to describe the rate at whichSediment detachment by rain power Emmanuel J. Gabet Department of Geological Sciences, University

  16. Mechanism of bubble detachment from vibrating walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Dongjun; Park, Jun Kwon Kang, Kwan Hyoung; Kang, In Seok

    2013-11-15

    We discovered a previously unobserved mechanism by which air bubbles detach from vibrating walls in glasses containing water. Chaotic oscillation and subsequent water jets appeared when a wall vibrated at greater than a critical level. Wave forms were developed at water-air interface of the bubble by the wall vibration, and water jets were formed when sufficiently grown wave-curvatures were collapsing. Droplets were pinched off from the tip of jets and fell to the surface of the glass. When the solid-air interface at the bubble-wall attachment point was completely covered with water, the bubble detached from the wall. The water jets were mainly generated by subharmonic waves and were generated most vigorously when the wall vibrated at the volume resonant frequency of the bubble. Bubbles of specific size can be removed by adjusting the frequency of the wall's vibration.

  17. Tips: Shopping for Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFinancialInvestingRenewableTeach and Learn5Shopping for Appliances

  18. Hydrophilic structures for condensation management in refrigerator appliances

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kuehl, Steven John; Vonderhaar, John J; Wu, Guolian; Wu, Mianxue

    2014-10-21

    A refrigerator appliance that includes a freezer compartment having a freezer compartment door, and a refrigeration compartment having at least one refrigeration compartment door. The appliance further includes a mullion with an exterior surface. The mullion divides the compartments and the exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point. The appliance may also include a cabinet that houses the compartments and has two sides, each with an exterior surface. Further, at least one exterior surface directs condensation toward a transfer point.

  19. Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant Levels in California Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullen, Nasim A.

    2014-01-01

    35): 5661-67. Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant6'G%! S'4-. ! Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on PollutantNot applicable Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant

  20. ISSUANCE 2015-07-14: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Meetings and Webinars. asracsummerwebinars.pdf More Documents & Publications ISSUANCE 2015-05-26:Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Open...

  1. Low-cost Appliance State Sensing for Energy Disaggregation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Tianji

    2012-01-01

    the power consumption of a power cycle of appliances [KJ12].the expected length of a power cycle. Although current NILM

  2. ISSUANCE 2015-06-30: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Advisory Committee: Notice of Intent to Establish the Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps Working Group ISSUANCE 2015-06-30: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory...

  3. Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    When shopping for appliances or electronics for the holidays, look for the ENERGY STAR and EnergyGuide labels. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 22090. When shopping for...

  4. Appliance Standards Update and Review of Certification, Compliance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Certification, Compliance and Enforcement Powerpoint Presentation for ASHRAE Conference, January 31, 2011 Appliance Standards Update and Review of Certification, Compliance...

  5. Appliance Standards Program Schedule - CCE Overview and Update...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    October 26, 2011 This document is Appliance Standards Program Schedule & CCE Overview and Update presentation, dated 10262011, presented to Energy-Efficiency Advocacy Groups...

  6. Robot in Society: Friend or Appliance? Cynthia Breazeal #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robot in Society: Friend or Appliance? Cynthia Breazeal # Massachusetts Institute of Technology Artificial Intelligence Laboratory 545 Technology Square, Room 938 Cambridge, MA 02139 USA email: cynthia

  7. ISSUANCE 2015-05-26:Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Open Meeting and Webinar ISSUANCE 2015-05-26:Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Open...

  8. Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic Energy Use | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    how much electricity your appliances and home electronics use: The Energy Guide Label, which shows the estimated yearly operating cost and estimated yearly electricity use...

  9. Webinar: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE is conducting a public meeting and webinar regarding the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC). For more information, please visit the ASRAC page.

  10. Saving Energy and Money with Appliance and Equipment Standards...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Equipment Standards in the United States Overview Appliance and equipment efficien- cy standards have served as one of the nation's most effective policies for...

  11. DOE Announces Tougher Enforcement of Appliance Standards Reporting...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    certification reports and compliance statements as part of enhanced enforcement of DOE's energy efficiency appliance standards program. Under federal law, manufacturers of some...

  12. Measure Guideline: Combustion Safety for Natural Draft Appliances Through Appliance Zone Isolation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fitzgerald, J.; Bohac, D.

    2014-04-01

    This measure guideline covers how to assess and carry out the isolation of natural draft combustion appliances from the conditioned space of low-rise residential buildings. It deals with combustion appliances located either within the living space in enclosed closets or side rooms or outside the living space in an adjacent area like an attic or garage. This subset of houses does not require comprehensive combustion safety tests and simplified prescriptive procedures can be used to address safety concerns. This allows residential energy retrofit contractors inexperienced in advanced combustion safety testing to effectively address combustion safety issues and allow energy retrofits including tightening and changes to distribution and ventilation systems to proceed.

  13. Kitchen Appliance Upgrades Improve Water Efficiency at U.S. Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Kitchen Appliance Upgrades Improve Water Efficiency at U.S. Department of Defense Exchange Facilities Kitchen Appliance Upgrades Improve Water Efficiency at U.S. Department of...

  14. Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2013-01-01

    appliances and consumer electronics Louis-Benoit Desroches,appliances and consumer electronics have decreased in realappliances and consumer electronics are likely to diminish

  15. 5th Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on Appliance Energy Efficiency Rulemakings - Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Standards Activities 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

  16. Data Availability in Appliance Standards and Labeling Program Development and Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romankiewicz, John

    2014-01-01

    by design option) Data Availability and Use InternationallyData Availability in Appliance Standards and Labelingemployer. Data Availability in Appliance Standards and

  17. Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Cathy

    Introducing a digital library reading appliance into a reading group Catherine C. Marshall, Morgan will we read digital library materials? This paper describes the reading practices of an on-going reading group, and how these practices changed when we introduced XLibris, a digital library reading appliance

  18. Development of Machine Vision Technology for Railcar Safety Appliance Inspection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todorovic, Sinisa

    *Computer Vision and Robotics Laboratory - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University American trains depart a terminal or rail yard, many aspects of the cars and locomotives undergo inspection car-specific appliances. Safety appliances have been required on U.S. railcars since 1893 when

  19. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Chan, Peter; Greenblatt, Jeffery; Kantner, Colleen; Lekov, Alex; Meyers, Stephen; Rosenquist, Gregory; Buskirk, Robert Van; Yang, Hung-Chia; Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2011-10-31

    The technical analyses in support of U.S. energy conservation standards for residential appliances and commercial equipment have typically assumed that manufacturing costs and retail prices remain constant during the projected 30-year analysis period. There is, however, considerable evidence that this assumption does not reflect real market prices. Costs and prices generally fall in relation to cumulative production, a phenomenon known as experience and modeled by a fairly robust empirical experience curve. Using price data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and shipment data obtained as part of the standards analysis process, we present U.S. experience curves for room air conditioners, clothes dryers, central air conditioners, furnaces, and refrigerators and freezers. These allow us to develop more representative appliance price projections than the assumption-based approach of constant prices. These experience curves were incorporated into recent energy conservation standards for these products. The impact on the national modeling can be significant, often increasing the net present value of potential standard levels in the analysis. In some cases a previously cost-negative potential standard level demonstrates a benefit when incorporating experience. These results imply that past energy conservation standards analyses may have undervalued the economic benefits of potential standard levels.

  20. Randomized Load Control: A Simple Distributed Approach for Scheduling Smart Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thibaux, Sylvie

    program- ming their washing machine, dryer, dishwasher, electric ve- hicle, or other appliance in this way

  1. Detachment of semiflexible polymer chains from a substrate - a Molecular Dynamics investigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Paturej; A. Erbas; A. Milchev; V. G. Rostiashvili

    2014-11-24

    Using Molecular Dynamics simulations, we study the force-induced detachment of a coarse-grained model polymer chain from an adhesive substrate. One of the chain ends is thereby pulled at constant speed off the attractive substrate and the resulting saw-tooth profile of the measured mean force $$ vs height $D$ of the end-segment over the plane is analyzed for a broad variety of parameters. It is shown that the observed characteristic oscillations in the $$-$D$ profile depend on the bending and not on the torsional stiffness of the detached chains. Allowing for the presence of hydrodynamic interactions (HI) in a setup with explicit solvent and DPD-thermostat, rather than the case of Langevin thermostat, one finds that HI have little effect on the $$-$D$ profile. Also the change of substrate affinity with respect to the solvent from solvophilic to solvophobic is found to play negligible role in the desorption process. In contrast, a changing ratio $\\epsilon_s^A / \\epsilon_s^B$ of the binding energies of $A$- and $B$-segments in the detachment of an $AB$-copolymer from adhesive surface strongly changes the $$-$D$ profile whereby the $B$-spikes vanish when $\\epsilon_s^A / \\epsilon_s^B < 0.15$. Eventually, performing an atomistic simulation of a (bio)-polymer {\\it polyglycine}, we demonstrate that the simulation results, derived from our coarse-grained model, comply favorably with those from the all-atom simulation.

  2. Research & Development Roadmap for Next-Generation Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goetzler, William; Sutherland, Timothy; Foley, Kevin

    2012-03-01

    Appliances present an attractive opportunity for near-term energy savings in existing building, because they are less expensive and replaced more regularly than heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems or building envelope components. This roadmap targets high-priority research and development (R&D), demonstration and commercialization activities that could significantly reduce residential appliance energy consumption. The main objective of the roadmap is to seek activities that accelerate the commercialization of high-efficiency appliance technologies while maintaining the competitiveness of American industry. The roadmap identified and evaluated potential technical innovations, defined research needs, created preliminary research and development roadmaps, and obtained stakeholder feedback on the proposed initiatives.

  3. The organizational evolution of OSS detachment 101 in Burma; 1942-1945

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacquety, Troy James

    2009-05-15

    ............................................................................... 77 V RETHINKING OPERATIONS: THE DETACHMENT EVOLVES: FEBRUARY 1943-JANUARY 1944................................................... 82 The Detachment Reevaluates Its Personnel Situation..................... 86 Finances... ............................................................ 99 New Additions to Detachment 101 ................................................. 103 VI PEERS TAKES OVER: DETACHMENT 101 COMES OF AGE: JANUARY-MAY 1944........................................................................ 109...

  4. Estimating Appliance and Home Electronic Energy Use | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Estimate the energy consumption and cost to operate an appliance when making a purchase. Investing in an energy-efficient product may save you money in the long run. | Photo...

  5. Cowlitz County PUD- Residential Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Cowlitz County PUD offers the EnergySHARE Plus appliance rebate program to its residential customers. Rebates are offered for Energy Star clothes washers, refrigerators and freezers (including the...

  6. Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant- Residential Energy Star Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Customers of Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant (TMLP) are eligible for rebates on energy efficient appliances for the home. Clothes washers, dishwashers, refrigerators and room ACunitsare eligible...

  7. Super Cool Appliance Design Wins Student Competition | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    facts? Max Tech and Beyond challenged university teams to create the next generation of ultra-low energy use appliances by going beyond the current "max tech." A team of...

  8. ASKO Appliances: Proposed Penalty (2012-CE-19/2004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that ASKO Appliances, Inc. failed to certify residential clothes washers and dishwashers as compliant with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  9. ASKO Appliances: Order (2012-CE-19/2004)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE ordered ASKO Appliances, Inc. to pay a $36,500 civil penalty after finding ASKO had failed to certify that certain models of residential dishwashers and clothes washers comply with the applicable energy and water conservation standards.

  10. Detailed Modeling and Response of Demand Response Enabled Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vyakaranam, Bharat; Fuller, Jason C.

    2014-04-14

    Proper modeling of end use loads is very important in order to predict their behavior, and how they interact with the power system, including voltage and temperature dependencies, power system and load control functions, and the complex interactions that occur between devices in such an interconnected system. This paper develops multi-state time variant residential appliance models with demand response enabled capabilities in the GridLAB-DTM simulation environment. These models represent not only the baseline instantaneous power demand and energy consumption, but the control systems developed by GE Appliances to enable response to demand response signals and the change in behavior of the appliance in response to the signal. These DR enabled appliances are simulated to estimate their capability to reduce peak demand and energy consumption.

  11. Midea Washing Appliance: Proposed Penalty (2011-CE-1903)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Midea Washing Appliances Mfg. Co., Ltd. failed to certify a variety of dishwashers as compliant with the applicable water and energy conservation standards.

  12. Buying an Appliance this Holiday Season? ENERGY STAR Products...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Look for the ENERGY STAR label to find energy-efficient appliances. It's the holiday season, which is a perfect time...

  13. Energy-Efficient Home Appliances Can Save You Money | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy How can I participate? Look for the EnergyGuide label to find out the cost of operating an appliance over the long term, and shop for ENERGY...

  14. Managing Supply Chain Key for Hawaii Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hawaii's appliance rebate program delivered 4,300 rebates to Hawaiians in just three days. And on just the first day of program, almost 4,000 ENERGY STAR qualified refrigerators were sold.

  15. Microwave vs. Electric Kettle: Which Appliance Is in Hot Water...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    which should heat your water this winter. No matter whether your hot drink of choice is tea, coffee, or cocoa, one of these appliances is more efficient than the other. But which...

  16. Modeling diffusion of electrical appliances in the residential sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

    2009-11-22

    This paper presents a methodology for modeling residential appliance uptake as a function of root macroeconomic drivers. The analysis concentrates on four major energy end uses in the residential sector: refrigerators, washing machines, televisions and air conditioners. The model employs linear regression analysis to parameterize appliance ownership in terms of household income, urbanization and electrification rates according to a standard binary choice (logistic) function. The underlying household appliance ownership data are gathered from a variety of sources including energy consumption and more general standard of living surveys. These data span a wide range of countries, including many developing countries for which appliance ownership is currently low, but likely to grow significantly over the next decades as a result of economic development. The result is a 'global' parameterization of appliance ownership rates as a function of widely available macroeconomic variables for the four appliances studied, which provides a reliable basis for interpolation where data are not available, and forecasting of ownership rates on a global scale. The main value of this method is to form the foundation of bottom-up energy demand forecasts, project energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, and allow for the construction of detailed emissions mitigation scenarios.

  17. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Vossos, Vagelis; Shen, Hongxia

    2010-10-13

    This document catalogs the characteristics of current and potential future DC products and power systems.

  18. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

    2008-09-02

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  19. Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donnelly, Matthew K. (Kennewick, WA); Chassin, David P. (Pasco, WA); Dagle, Jeffery E. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael (Richland, WA); Winiarski, David W. (Kennewick, WA); Pratt, Robert G. (Kennewick, WA); Boberly-Bartis, Anne Marie (Alexandria, VA)

    2006-03-07

    Electrical appliance energy consumption control methods and electrical energy consumption systems are described. In one aspect, an electrical appliance energy consumption control method includes providing an electrical appliance coupled with a power distribution system, receiving electrical energy within the appliance from the power distribution system, consuming the received electrical energy using a plurality of loads of the appliance, monitoring electrical energy of the power distribution system, and adjusting an amount of consumption of the received electrical energy via one of the loads of the appliance from an initial level of consumption to an other level of consumption different than the initial level of consumption responsive to the monitoring.

  20. Detachment Energies of Spheroidal Particles from Fluid-Fluid Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary B. Davies; Timm Krger; Peter V. Coveney; Jens Harting

    2014-10-28

    The energy required to detach a single particle from a fluid-fluid interface is an important parameter for designing certain soft materials, for example, emulsions stabilised by colloidal particles, colloidosomes designed for targeted drug delivery, and bio-sensors composed of magnetic particles adsorbed at interfaces. For a fixed particle volume, prolate and oblate spheroids attach more strongly to interfaces because they have larger particle-interface areas. Calculating the detachment energy of spheroids necessitates the difficult measurement of particle-liquid surface tensions, in contrast with spheres, where the contact angle suffices. We develop a simplified detachment energy model for spheroids which depends only on the particle aspect ratio and the height of the particle centre of mass above the fluid-fluid interface. We use lattice Boltzmann simulations to validate the model and provide quantitative evidence that the approach can be applied to simulate particle-stabilized emulsions, and highlight the experimental implications of this validation.

  1. Abstract-In this paper we evaluate the energy and economic consequences of appliance remanufacturing relative to purchasing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutowski, Timothy

    appliances: refrigerator, dishwasher, and clothes washer. The results show that, despite savings achieved presented in this report constitute major residential appliances: refrigerator, dishwasher, and clothes

  2. An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Larry

    2008-01-01

    and Appliance Price6 LIST OF TABLES Table 1.1estimates in this table. 7 Average brand price elasticityTable 2.2 Appliance Refrigerators Clothes Washers Dishwashers Economic Variables Price

  3. Realized and Projected Impacts of U.S. Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen P.

    2008-01-01

    into the Energy Policy Act of 1992, and updates becameEnergy Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances: 2004 Update,Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential and Commercial Appliances Included in This Study Product Year Effective for Original Standard* and Updates

  4. Trends in the cost of efficiency for appliances and consumer electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2013-01-01

    energy efficiency programs around the world focus on consumer goods such as appliances, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning)

  5. Analytical and Numerical Investigation of 3D Multilayer Detachment Folding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaus, Boris

    of kilometers in places where upper crustal rocks are compressed as a result of tectonic plate convergence (such layer [4, 5] affected by gravity with three different material viscosities: lower detachment or salt wavelength () and growth rate (q) that accounts for all model parameters (salt viscosity s, competent layer

  6. Plasma detachment and momentum transfer in magnetic nozzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choueiri, Edgar

    Plasma detachment and momentum transfer in magnetic nozzles Justin M. Little and Edgar Y. Choueiri Electric Propulsion and Plasma Dynamics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 08544 The nature of momentum transfer and the resulting thrust generation in magnetic nozzles is investigated. First

  7. Sampling device with a capped body and detachable handle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jezek, Gerd-Rainer (Orchard Park, NY)

    2000-01-01

    The apparatus is a sampling device having a pad for sample collection, a body which supports the pad, a detachable handle connected to the body and a cap which encloses and retains the pad and body to protect the integrity of the sample.

  8. Nonserial Dynamic Programming with Applications in Smart Home Appliances Scheduling Part II: Nonserial Dynamic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Nonserial Dynamic Programming with Applications in Smart Home Appliances Scheduling Part II) is presented. The problem in this paper generalizes the smart home appliances scheduling problem introduced the following smart home appliances scheduling problem described in the companion paper [3], as the later

  9. Nonserial Dynamic Programming with Applications in Smart Home Appliances Scheduling Part I: Precedence Graph Simplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Nonserial Dynamic Programming with Applications in Smart Home Appliances Scheduling Part I-- In this and a companion paper a dynamic pro- gramming (DP) approach to solve a smart home appliances scheduling problem to the smart home appliances scheduling problem considered in [1], [2]. The problem seeks to determine

  10. McAfee, Inc. McAfee Web Gateway WG5000 and WG5500 Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAfee, Inc. McAfee Web Gateway WG5000 and WG5500 Appliances Hardware Models: 5000, 5500; Firmware Policy, Version 1.9 August 17, 2012 McAfee Web Gateway WG5000 and WG5500 Appliances Page 2 of 32 2012............................................................................................................................4 2 MCAFEE WEB GATEWAY WG5000 AND WG5500 APPLIANCES ................................5 2.1 OVERVIEW

  11. Less Watts, More Performance: An Intelligent Storage Engine for Data Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teubner, Jens

    how Ibex reduces data movement, CPU usage, and overall energy consumption in database appliances.lastname}@inf.ethz.ch Jens Teubner DBIS Group, Dept. of Computer Science TU Dortmund University, Germany jens Appliance, Energy, FPGA, Ibex 1. INTRODUCTION Modern data appliances such as IBM's Netezza [6] and Oracle

  12. Form elements of houses : investigating the collective form of detached houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shortridge, Steven Scott

    1989-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the collective form of detached houses. A result of the American phenomenon of detached, single family, freestanding houses being the standard type. Through an observation of eight environments of ...

  13. International comparison of product certification and verification methods for appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Romankiewicz, John; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

    2012-06-01

    Enforcement of appliance standards and consumer trust in appliance labeling are important foundations of growing a more energy efficient economy. Product certification and verification increase compliance rates which in turn increase both energy savings and consumer trust. This paper will serve two purposes: 1) to review international practices for product certification and verification as they relate to the enforcement of standards and labeling programs in the U.S., E.U., Australia, Japan, Canada, and China; and 2) to make recommendations for China to implement improved certification processes related to their mandatory standards and labeling program such as to increase compliance rates and energy savings potential.

  14. International Comparison of Product Certification and Verification Methods for Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Romankiewicz, John; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

    2012-06-01

    Enforcement of appliance standards and consumer trust in appliance labeling are important foundations of growing a more energy efficient economy. Product certification and verification increase compliance rates which in turn increase both energy savings and consumer trust. This paper will serve two purposes: 1) to review international practices for product certification and verification as they relate to the enforcement of standards and labeling programs in the U.S., E.U., Australia, Japan, Canada, and China; and 2) to make recommendations for China to implement improved certification processes related to their mandatory standards and labeling program such as to increase compliance rates and energy savings potential.

  15. Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Garbesi, Karina

    2011-07-20

    It is well established that energy efficiency is most often the lowest cost approach to reducing national energy use and minimizing carbon emissions. National investments in energy efficiency to date have been highly cost-effective. The cumulative impacts (out to 2050) of residential energy efficiency standards are expected to have a benefit-to-cost ratio of 2.71:1. This project examined energy end-uses in the residential, commercial, and in some cases the industrial sectors. The scope is limited to appliances and equipment, and does not include building materials, building envelopes, and system designs. This scope is consistent with the scope of DOE's appliance standards program, although many products considered here are not currently subject to energy efficiency standards. How much energy could the United States save if the most efficient design options currently feasible were adopted universally? What design features could produce those savings? How would the savings from various technologies compare? With an eye toward identifying promising candidates and strategies for potential energy efficiency standards, the Max Tech and Beyond project aims to answer these questions. The analysis attempts to consolidate, in one document, the energy savings potential and design characteristics of best-on-market products, best-engineered products (i.e., hypothetical products produced using best-on-market components and technologies), and emerging technologies in research & development. As defined here, emerging technologies are fundamentally new and are as yet unproven in the market, although laboratory studies and/or emerging niche applications offer persuasive evidence of major energy-savings potential. The term 'max tech' is used to describe both best-engineered and emerging technologies (whichever appears to offer larger savings). Few best-on-market products currently qualify as max tech, since few apply all available best practices and components. The three primary analyses presented in this report are: Nevertheless, it is important to analyze best-on-market products, since data on truly max tech technologies are limited. (1) an analysis of the cross-cutting strategies most promising for reducing appliance and equipment energy use in the U.S.; (2) a macro-analysis of the U.S. energy-saving potential inherent in promising ultra-efficient appliance technologies; and (3) a product-level analysis of the energy-saving potential.

  16. ISSUANCE 2015-06-08: Solicitation of Nominations for Membership on the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Solicitation of Nominations for Membership on the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee

  17. Rebound Effect in Energy Efficient Appliance Adopting Households

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glenn, Jacob Matthew

    2014-12-10

    This paper uses data from smart meter technology to estimate the occurrence of energy rebound, a substitution and income effect where the price-per-use of an appliance falls relative to its energy efficiency. This causes households to have more...

  18. Smart Meter Deployment Optimization for Efficient Electrical Appliance State Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yongcai

    in such buildings, researches in the field of smart building and smart grid are exploring an efficient energy high costs to the smart meter deploy- ment, data collection and system maintenance. In practiceSmart Meter Deployment Optimization for Efficient Electrical Appliance State Monitoring Xiaohong

  19. Chinese Home Appliance Manufacturing: A Case Study of TCL Corporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    Chinese Home Appliance Manufacturing: A Case Study of TCL Corporation Ping Wang The Ohio State of the Chinese economy. In general, it is hard to correlate the contribution of effective logistics systems the year 2020. Complicating matters, Chinese statistics show that for 2000 nearly 14.6 billion passengers

  20. Combustion Safety for Appliances Using Indoor Air (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-05-01

    This measure guideline covers how to assess and carry out the combustion safety procedures for appliances and heating equipment that uses indoor air for combustion in low-rise residential buildings. Only appliances installed in the living space, or in an area freely communicating with the living space, vented alone or in tandem with another appliance are considered here. A separate measure guideline addresses combustion appliances located either within the living space in enclosed closets or side rooms or outside the living space in an adjacent area like an attic or garage that use outdoor air for combustion. This document is for inspectors, auditors, and technicians working in homes where energy upgrades are being conducted whether or not air infiltration control is included in the package of measures being applied. In the indoor combustion air case, guidelines summarized here are based on language provided in several of the codes to establish minimum requirements for the space using simplified prescriptive measures. In addition, building performance testing procedures are provided by testing agencies. The codes in combination with the test procedures offer comprehensive combustion safety coverage to address safety concerns, allowing inexperienced residential energy retrofit inspectors to effectively address combustion safety issues and allow energy retrofits to proceed.

  1. Cost and Performance Comparison Of Stationary Hydrogen Fueling Appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cost and Performance Comparison Of Stationary Hydrogen Fueling Appliances Duane B. Myers, Gregory D.directedtechnologies.com/ pubs/DTI_Task2_Report.html. 1 Proceedings of the 2002 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program Review NREL/CP-610 vehicles (FCV's) and the cost of hydrogen produced by these HFA's. In previous studies we evaluated

  2. A System for Smart Home Control of Appliances based on Timer and Speech Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, S M Anamul; Islam, Md Ashraful

    2010-01-01

    The main objective of this work is to design and construct a microcomputer based system: to control electric appliances such as light, fan, heater, washing machine, motor, TV, etc. The paper discusses two major approaches to control home appliances. The first involves controlling home appliances using timer option. The second approach is to control home appliances using voice command. Moreover, it is also possible to control appliances using Graphical User Interface. The parallel port is used to transfer data from computer to the particular device to be controlled. An interface box is designed to connect the high power loads to the parallel port. This system will play an important role for the elderly and physically disable people to control their home appliances in intuitive and flexible way. We have developed a system, which is able to control eight electric appliances properly in these three modes.

  3. Detachable connection for a nuclear reactor fuel assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christiansen, D.W.; Karnesky, R.A.

    1983-08-29

    A locking connection for releasably attaching a handling socket to the duct tube of a fuel assembly for a nuclear reactor. The connection comprises a load pad housing mechanically attached to the duct tube and a handling socket threadably secured within the housing. A retaining ring is interposed between the housing and the handling socket and is formed with a projection and depression engagable within a cavity and groove of the housing and handling socket, respectively, to form a detachable interlocked connection assembly.

  4. A Measurement Method of Actual Thermal Performance of Detached Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwamae, A.; Nagai, H.; Miura, H.

    2004-01-01

    method in Japan if people don?t have time of more than 3 days for the measurement and have many measurement tools. The other hand, SP (Swedish National Testing and Resear itute) have developed the testing method for prefabricated house which is based... OF DETACHED HOUSES Atsushi IWAMAE Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Sc l of Science and Engineering, Kinki University 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-Osaka, Japan 577-8502 Hisaya NAGAI Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty...

  5. Modeling of GE Appliances: Cost Benefit Study of Smart Appliances in Wholesale Energy, Frequency Regulation, and Spinning Reserve Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Jason C.; Parker, Graham B.

    2012-12-31

    This report is the second in a series of three reports describing the potential of GEs DR-enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid. The first report described the modeling methodology used to represent the GE appliances in the GridLAB-D simulation environment and the estimated potential for peak demand reduction at various deployment levels. The third report will explore the technical capability of aggregated group actions to positively impact grid stability, including frequency and voltage regulation and spinning reserves, and the impacts on distribution feeder voltage regulation, including mitigation of fluctuations caused by high penetration of photovoltaic distributed generation. In this report, a series of analytical methods were presented to estimate the potential cost benefit of smart appliances while utilizing demand response. Previous work estimated the potential technical benefit (i.e., peak reduction) of smart appliances, while this report focuses on the monetary value of that participation. The effects on wholesale energy cost and possible additional revenue available by participating in frequency regulation and spinning reserve markets were explored.

  6. Pacific Northwest GridWise Testbed Demonstration Projects; Part II. Grid Friendly Appliance Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Brous, Jerry; Chassin, David P.; Horst, Gale R.; Kajfasz, Robert; Michie, Preston; Oliver, Terry V.; Carlon, Teresa A.; Eustis, Conrad; Jarvegren, Olof M.; Marek, W.; Munson, Ryan L.; Pratt, Robert G.

    2007-10-01

    Fifty residential electric water heaters and 150 new residential clothes dryers were modified to respond to signals received from underfrequency, load-shedding appliance controllers. Each controller monitored the power-grid voltage signal and requested that electrical load be shed by its appliance whenever electric power-grid frequency fell below 59.95 Hz. The controllers and their appliances were installed and monitored for more than a year at residential sites at three locations in Washington and Oregon. The controllers and their appliances responded reliably to each shallow underfrequency eventan average of one event per dayand shed their loads for the durations of these events. Appliance owners reported that the appliance responses were unnoticed and caused little or no inconvenience for the homes occupants.

  7. An Analysis of the Price Elasticity of Demand for Household Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita, Kimberly; Dale, Larry; Fujita, K. Sydny

    2008-01-25

    This report summarizes our study of the price elasticity of demand for home appliances, including refrigerators, clothes washers, and dishwashers. In the context of increasingly stringent appliance standards, we are interested in what kind of impact the increased manufacturing costs caused by higher efficiency requirements will have on appliance sales. We begin with a review of existing economics literature describing the impact of economic variables on the sale of durable goods.We then describe the market for home appliances and changes in this market over the past 20 years, performing regression analysis on the shipments of home appliances and relevant economic variables including changes to operating cost and household income. Based on our analysis, we conclude that the demand for home appliances is price inelastic.

  8. Progress toward Producing Demand-Response-Ready Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Sastry, Chellury

    2009-12-01

    This report summarizes several historical and ongoing efforts to make small electrical demand-side devices like home appliances more responsive to the dynamic needs of electric power grids. Whereas the utility community often reserves the word demand response for infrequent 2 to 6 hour curtailments that reduce total electrical system peak load, other beneficial responses and ancillary services that may be provided by responsive electrical demand are of interest. Historically, demand responses from the demand side have been obtained by applying external, retrofitted, controlled switches to existing electrical demand. This report is directed instead toward those manufactured products, including appliances, that are able to provide demand responses as soon as they are purchased and that require few, or no, after-market modifications to make them responsive to needs of power grids. Efforts to be summarized include Open Automated Demand Response, the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturer standard CHA 1, a simple interface being developed by the U-SNAP Alliance, various emerging autonomous responses, and the recent PinBus interface that was developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

  9. Laboratory Testing of Demand-Response Enabled Household Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sparn, B.; Jin, X.; Earle, L.

    2013-10-01

    With the advent of the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems capable of two-way communications between the utility's grid and the building, there has been significant effort in the Automated Home Energy Management (AHEM) industry to develop capabilities that allow residential building systems to respond to utility demand events by temporarily reducing their electricity usage. Major appliance manufacturers are following suit by developing Home Area Network (HAN)-tied appliance suites that can take signals from the home's 'smart meter,' a.k.a. AMI meter, and adjust their run cycles accordingly. There are numerous strategies that can be employed by household appliances to respond to demand-side management opportunities, and they could result in substantial reductions in electricity bills for the residents depending on the pricing structures used by the utilities to incent these types of responses. The first step to quantifying these end effects is to test these systems and their responses in simulated demand-response (DR) conditions while monitoring energy use and overall system performance.

  10. Laboratory Testing of Demand-Response Enabled Household Appliances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sparn, B.; Jin, X.; Earle, L.

    2013-10-01

    With the advent of the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) systems capable of two-way communications between the utility's grid and the building, there has been significant effort in the Automated Home Energy Management (AHEM) industry to develop capabilities that allow residential building systems to respond to utility demand events by temporarily reducing their electricity usage. Major appliance manufacturers are following suit by developing Home Area Network (HAN)-tied appliance suites that can take signals from the home's 'smart meter,' a.k.a. AMI meter, and adjust their run cycles accordingly. There are numerous strategies that can be employed by household appliances to respond to demand-side management opportunities, and they could result in substantial reductions in electricity bills for the residents depending on the pricing structures used by the utilities to incent these types of responses.The first step to quantifying these end effects is to test these systems and their responses in simulated demand-response (DR) conditions while monitoring energy use and overall system performance.

  11. Sedimentation Rates Test Models of Oceanic Detachment Faulting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parnell-Turner, Ross; Cann, Johnson R.; Smith, Deborah K.; Schouten, Hans; Yoerger, Dana; Palmiotto, Camilla; Zheleznov, Alexei; Bai, Hailong

    2014-10-23

    .R., Tolstoy, M., Dziak, R.P., Fox, C.G. & Smith, D.K., 2002. Aftershock 286 sequences in the mid-ocean ridge environment: an analysis using hydroacoustic data. 287 Tectonophysics, 354(1-2), 4970. 288 Buck, W. R., 1988. Flexural Rotation of Normal Faults... Dick, H.J.B., Smith, D.K., Cann, J.R., Schouten, H., Marschall, H., Parnell-Turner, R.E. 313 & Yoerger, D., 2013. Crustal Heterogeneity and Stratigraphy on the Mid-Atlantic 314 PARNELL-TURNER ET AL.: SEDIMENTATION AND DETACHMENT FAULTS 16...

  12. Blue Coat Systems, Inc. Secure Web Gateway Virtual Appliance-V100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blue Coat Systems, Inc. Secure Web Gateway Virtual Appliance-V100 Software Version: 6.5.2.8 FIPS@corsec.com http://www.bluecoat.com http://www.corsec.com #12;Secure Web Gateway Virtual Appliance-V100 Security Policy, Version 0.5 July 25, 2014 Blue Coat Secure Web Gateway Virtual Appliance-V100 Page 2 of 33 2014

  13. T-531: The WebVPN implementation on Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    implementation on Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) 5500 series devices with software before 8.2(3) PLATFORM: Listed Vunerable Platform Details ABSTRACT: The WebVPN...

  14. Evaluating the Safety of a Natural Gas Home Refueling Appliance (HRA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-04-01

    A fact sheet summarizing the National Renewable Energy Laboratory safety evaluation of Phill, Fuelmaker Corporation's natural gas home refueling appliance, used to fill CNG vehicles at home.

  15. An Exploration of Innovation and Energy Efficiency in an Appliance Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Margaret

    2013-01-01

    in products and processes, innovation breakthroughs, and various innovation counts such as new products andconduct of innovation in a single appliance product. The

  16. Realized and prospective impacts of U.S. energy efficiency standards for residential appliances: 2004 update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Stephen; McMahon, James; McNeil, Michael

    2005-01-01

    Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Appliances : 2004 Updateenergy savings due to the original standard and any updatesor energy consumption and the actual values. For updates

  17. 2nd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rulemakings - Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Standards Activities 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency Rulemakings -...

  18. 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency Rulemakings - Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Standards Activities 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress...

  19. 4th Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Secretary on February 2008. congressionalreport0208.pdf More Documents & Publications 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency Rulemakings -...

  20. 1st Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Secretary on August 2006. implementationreport0806.pdf More Documents & Publications 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency Rulemakings -...

  1. 4th Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Standards Activities 6th Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy Efficiency Rulemakings - Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Standards Activities 3rd...

  2. 1st Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Rulemakings - Implementation Report: Energy Conservation Standards Activities 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency Rulemakings -...

  3. Energy-Efficient Appliances: Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) Technology Fact Sheet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2001-08-01

    Fact sheet for homeowners and contractors that explains the energy savings potential of efficient appliances, how to purchase them, and how to maintain them.

  4. What can we learn from high-frequency appliance-level energy metering? Results from a field experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, VL; Delmas, MA; Kaiser, WJ; Locke, SL

    2015-01-01

    to consumers about their energy usage at the appliance levelWeekly summaries of total energy usage and appliance-levelsuch large variations in energy usage were primarily driven

  5. A Communication-Based Appliance Scheduling Scheme for Consumer-Premise Energy Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Larry

    A Communication-Based Appliance Scheduling Scheme for Consumer-Premise Energy Management Systems Scheme for Consumer-Premise Energy Management Systems Chen Chen, K.G. Nagananda, Gang Xiong, Shalinee" appliances which consume power as they desire. An optimization problem is formulated for the energy

  6. Status of Magnetic Nozzle and Plasma Detachment Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chavers, D. Gregory; Dobson, Chris; Jones, Jonathan; Lee, Michael; Martin, Adam; Gregory, Judith; Cecil, Jim [Propulsion Research Center, MSFC NASA, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Bengtson, Roger D.; Breizman, Boris; Arefiev, Alexey [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Institute of Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Chang-Diaz, Franklin; Squire, Jared; Glover, Tim; McCaskill, Greg [Ad Astra Rocket Company, 2101 NASA Parkway, Houston, TX 77058 (United States); Cassibry, Jason; Li Zhongmin [University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899 (United States)

    2006-01-20

    High power plasma propulsion can move large payloads for orbit transfer, lunar missions, and beyond with large savings in fuel consumption owing to the high specific impulse. At high power, lifetime of the thruster becomes an issue. Electrodeless devices with magnetically guided plasma offer the advantage of long life since magnetic fields confine the plasma radially and keep it from impacting the material surfaces. For decades, concerns have been raised about the plasma remaining attached to the magnetic field and returning to the vehicle along the closed magnetic field lines. Recent analysis suggests that this may not be an issue if the magnetic field is properly shaped in the nozzle region and the plasma has sufficient energy density to stretch the magnetic field downstream. An experiment is being performed to test the theory regarding the MHD detachment scenario. The status of that experiment will be discussed in this paper.

  7. Appliance energy efficiency in new home construction. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-11-30

    A survey of 224 builders was conducted to which 160 builders responded. Each respondent completed between one and seven separate questionnaires. Each of the seven questionnaires were designed to collect information about one type of equipment or major appliance. These are: heat pump; heating system; air conditioner; domestic water heater; dishwasher; range; and refrigerator. Analysis of the resulting 406 questionnaires indicated that builders were primarily responsible for brand selection. These choices were made primarily without regard for the energy efficiency of the product. A similar apparent lack of consideration of energy efficiency during brand and model selection was found among home buyers and specialized subcontractors.

  8. The Demand Reduction Potential of Smart Appliances in U.S. Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makhmalbaf, Atefe; Srivastava, Viraj; Parker, Graham B.

    2013-08-14

    The widespread deployment of demand respond (DR) enabled home appliances is expected to have significant reduction in the demand of electricity during peak hours. The work documented in this paper focuses on estimating the energy shift resulting from the installation of DR enabled smart appliances in the U.S. This estimation is based on analyzing the market for smart appliances and calculating the total energy demand that can potentially be shifted by DR control in appliances. Appliance operation is examined by considering their sub components individually to identify their energy consumptions and savings resulting from interrupting and shifting their load, e.g., by delaying the refrigerator defrost cycle. In addition to major residential appliances, residential pool pumps are also included in this study given their energy consumption profiles that make them favorable for DR applications. In the market analysis study documented in this paper, the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) and National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) databases are used to examine the expected life of an appliance, the number of appliances installed in homes constructed in 10 year intervals after 1940 and home owner income. Conclusions about the effectiveness of the smart appliances in reducing electrical demand have been drawn and a ranking of appliances in terms of their contribution to load shift is presented. E.g., it was concluded that DR enabled water heaters result in the maximum load shift; whereas, dishwashers have the highest user elasticity and hence the highest potential for load shifting through DR. This work is part of a larger effort to bring novel home energy management concepts and technologies to reduce energy consumption, reduce peak electricity demand, integrate renewables and storage technology, and change homeowner behavior to manage and consume less energy and potentially save consumer energy costs.

  9. Issues in federal preemption of state appliance energy efficiency regulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.; Balistocky, S.; Schaefler, A.M.

    1982-12-01

    The findings and conclusions of the analysis of the various issues involved in the federal preemption of state regulations for the DOE no standard rule on covered appliances are summarized. The covered products are: refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, kitchen ranges and ovens, water heaters (excluding heat pump water heaters), room air conditioners, central air conditioners (excluding heat pumps), and furnaces. A detailed discussion of the rationale for the positions of groups offering comment for the record is presneted. The pertinent categories of state and local regulations and programs are explained, then detailed analysis is conducted on the covered products and regulations. Issues relating to the timing of preemption of state regulations are discussed, as well as issues relating to burden of proof, contents of petitions for exemptions from preemption, criteria for evaluating petitions, and procedural and other issues. (LEW)

  10. Adaptive Detached Eddy Simulation of a High Lift Wing with Active...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vorticity contours colored by speed from a detached eddy simulation of flow around a high lift multi-element wing at maximum lift Vorticity contours colored by speed from a...

  11. Magnetic nozzle and plasma detachment model for a steady-state flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breizman, B. N.; Tushentsov, M. R.; Arefiev, A. V. [University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

    2008-05-15

    Plasma propulsion concepts that employ a guiding magnetic field raise the question of how the magnetically controlled plasma can detach from the spacecraft. This paper presents a detachment scenario relevant to high-power thrusters in which the plasma can stretch the magnetic field lines to infinity, similar to the solar wind. In previous work, the corresponding ideal magnetohydrodynamics equations have been solved analytically for a plasma flow in a slowly diverging nozzle. That solution indicates that efficient detachment is feasible if the nozzle is sufficiently long. In order to extend the previous model beyond the idealizations of analytical theory, a Lagrangian code is developed in this work to simulate steady-state kinetic plasma flows and to evaluate nozzle efficiency. The code is benchmarked against the analytical results and then used to examine situations that are not analytically tractable, including plasma behavior in the recent Detachment Demonstration Experiment at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  12. 0 + 0 = 1 : the appliance model of selling software bundled with hardware

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hein, Bettina

    2007-01-01

    The business model of selling software bundled with hardware is called the appliance model. As hardware becomes less and less expensive and open source software is being offered for free, the traditional business model of ...

  13. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lekov, Alex; Sturges, Andy; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle

    2009-12-09

    An increasing share of natural gas supplies distributed to residential appliances in the U.S. may come from liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports. The imported gas will be of a higher Wobbe number than domestic gas, and there is concern that it could produce more pollutant emissions at the point of use. This report will review recently undertaken studies, some of which have observed substantial effects on various appliances when operated on different mixtures of imported LNG. While we will summarize findings of major studies, we will not try to characterize broad effects of LNG, but describe how different components of the appliance itself will be affected by imported LNG. This paper considers how the operation of each major component of the gas appliances may be impacted by a switch to LNG, and how this local impact may affect overall safety, performance and pollutant emissions.

  14. Impacts of Imported Liquefied Natural Gas on Residential Appliance Components: Literature Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lekov, Alex

    2010-01-01

    we discuss several types of heat exchangers and the ventingThere are six main types of heat exchangers: (1) individualheat exchangers (found in appliances such as furnaces, boilers, and pool heaters) are variations of the individual section type

  15. U-247: EMC Cloud Tiering Appliance Flaw Lets Remote Users Bypass...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1027448 Bugtraq ID: 55250 EMC.com CVE-2012-2285 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion EMC Cloud Tiering Appliance (CTA) is prone to a security-bypass vulnerability that may allow...

  16. Estimation of the Energy and Capacity Savings in Texas from Appliance Efficiency Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verdict, M.

    1986-01-01

    The purpose of this presentation will be to assess the technical potential for energy and capacity savings in Texas by the year 2006 by the statewide adoption of minimum appliance efficiency standards equivalent to those recently adopted...

  17. Will You Be Purchasing New Appliances for a Rebate from Your...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    from Your State? December 24, 2009 - 7:30am Addthis This week, you read about Amy's war with her dishwasher and how she plans to take advantage of her state's appliance rebate...

  18. Evaluation of advanced technologies for residential appliances and residential and commercial lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turiel, I.; Atkinson, B.; Boghosian, S.; Chan, P.; Jennings, J.; Lutz, J.; McMahon, J.; Rosenquist, G.

    1995-01-01

    Section 127 of the Energy Policy Act requires that the Department of Energy (DOE) prepare a report to Congress on the potential for the development and commercialization of appliances that substantially exceed the present federal or state efficiency standards. Candidate high-efficiency appliances must meet several criteria including: the potential exists for substantial improvement (beyond the minimum established in law) of the appliance`s energy efficiency; electric, water, or gas utilities are prepared to support and promote the commercialization of such appliances; manufacturers are unlikely to undertake development and commercialization of such appliances on their own, or development and production would be substantially accelerated by support to manufacturers. This report describes options to improve the efficiency of residential appliances, including water heaters, clothes washers and dryers, refrigerator/freezers, dishwashers, space heating and cooling devices, as well as residential and commercial lighting products. Data from this report (particularly Appendix 1)were used to prepare the report to Congress mentioned previously. For the residential sector, national energy savings are calculated using the LBL Residential Energy Model. This model projects the number of households and appliance saturations over time. First, end-use consumption is calculated for a base case where models that only meet the standard replace existing models as these reach the end of their lifetime. Second, models with efficiencies equal to the technology under consideration replace existing models that reach the end of their lifetime. For the commercial sector, the COMMEND model was utilized to project national energy savings from new technologies. In this report, energy savings are shown for the period 1988 to 2015.

  19. "Table HC11.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Northeast Census Region, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional3 Housing24

  20. "Table HC12.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Midwest Census Region, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional3 Housing2428 Water2.9

  1. "Table HC13.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by South Census Region, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional3 Housing2428158

  2. "Table HC14.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by West Census Region, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional37

  3. Table HC6.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Number of Household...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LPG... 5.6 1.3 2.1 1.0 0.7 0.5 Built-inStove-top Grills Use a Built-inStove-top Grill... 4.9 0.8 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.7...

  4. "Table HC10.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by U.S. Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Natural Gas",39,9.8,10,9,10.2 "PropaneLPG",5.6,1.3,1.1,2.1,1.1 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,1.8,0.7,1.2,1.1 "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  5. "Table HC15.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Four Most Populated...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Natural Gas",39,4.2,0.4,3,7.2 "PropaneLPG",5.6,0.7,"Q",0.4,"Q" "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,0.6,"Q","Q",0.6 "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  6. "Table HC14.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by West Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Natural Gas",39,10.2,2.4,7.8 "PropaneLPG",5.6,1.1,0.7,0.4 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,1.1,"Q",0.9 "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  7. "Table HC13.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by South Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Natural Gas",39,9,3.7,0.8,4.5 "PropaneLPG",5.6,2.1,0.7,0.5,0.9 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,1.2,0.9,"Q","Q" "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  8. Table HC9.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Climate Zone...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    LPG... 5.6 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.3 1.0 Built-inStove-top Grills Use a Built-inStove-top Grill... 4.9 0.4 0.8 2.0 1.1 0.6...

  9. "Table HC12.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Midwest Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Natural Gas",39,10,7.7,2.3 "PropaneLPG",5.6,1.1,0.7,0.4 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,0.7,0.5,"Q" "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  10. "Table HC11.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Northeast Census...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Natural Gas",39,9.8,8.2,1.6 "PropaneLPG",5.6,1.3,1,0.3 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,1.8,1.6,0.2 "Do Not Use a Built-in...

  11. "Table HC3.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Owner-Occupied...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ",39,26.5,21.3,1.7,1.1,0.8,1.5 "PropaneLPG",5.6,4.9,3.8,"N","N","Q",1.1 "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,4,3.4,"Q","Q","Q","Q" "Do Not Use a...

  12. Table HC2.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Type of Housing...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    PropaneLPG... 5.6 4.2 Q Q Q 1.3 Built-inStove-top Grills Use a Built-inStove-top Grill... 4.9 3.5 0.3 Q 0.6 Q Do...

  13. "Table HC4.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Renter-Occupied...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    s",39,12.5,3.1,1.4,2.8,4.9,0.3 "PropaneLPG",5.6,0.6,0.4,"Q","Q","Q","Q" "Built-inStove-top Grills" "Use a Built-inStove-top Grill",4.9,0.9,"Q","Q","Q",0.5,"Q" "Do Not Use a...

  14. Table HC2.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Type of Housing Unit, 2005

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks9a. Housing0 Home7

  15. Table HC6.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Number of Household Members, 2005

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks9a.5 SpaceHC6.9

  16. Table HC9.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Climate Zone, 2005

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks9a.58a. Home11469

  17. WHAT CAN WE LEARN FROM HIGH FREQUENCY APPLIANCE LEVEL ENERGY METERING?RESULTS FROM A FIELD EXPERIMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Victor; Delmas, Magali A; Kaiser, William; Locke, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    the household electricity consumption in the EU, potentialon household electricity consumption: a tool for savinghourly appliance-level electricity consumption data for 124

  18. What can we learn from high-frequency appliance-level energy metering? Results from a field experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, VL; Delmas, MA; Kaiser, WJ; Locke, SL

    2015-01-01

    Newborough, M. , 2003. Dynamic energy-consumption indicatorsbehaviour and design. Energy Build. 35 (8), Please cite thisfrequency appliance-level energy metering? Results from a ?

  19. Material World: Forecasting Household Appliance Ownership in a Growing Global Economy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Letschert, Virginie; McNeil, Michael A.

    2009-03-23

    Over the past years the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed an econometric model that predicts appliance ownership at the household level based on macroeconomic variables such as household income (corrected for purchase power parity), electrification, urbanization and climate variables. Hundreds of data points from around the world were collected in order to understand trends in acquisition of new appliances by households, especially in developing countries. The appliances covered by this model are refrigerators, lighting fixtures, air conditioners, washing machines and televisions. The approach followed allows the modeler to construct a bottom-up analysis based at the end use and the household level. It captures the appliance uptake and the saturation effect which will affect the energy demand growth in the residential sector. With this approach, the modeler can also account for stock changes in technology and efficiency as a function of time. This serves two important functions with regard to evaluation of the impact of energy efficiency policies. First, it provides insight into which end uses will be responsible for the largest share of demand growth, and therefore should be policy priorities. Second, it provides a characterization of the rate at which policies affecting new equipment penetrate the appliance stock. Over the past 3 years, this method has been used to support the development of energy demand forecasts at the country, region or global level.

  20. A Global Review of Incentive Programs to Accelerate Energy-Efficient Appliances and Equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Phadke, Amol; Leventis, Greg; Gopal, Anand

    2013-08-01

    Incentive programs are an essential policy tool to move the market toward energy-efficient products. They offer a favorable complement to mandatory standards and labeling policies by accelerating the market penetration of energy-efficient products above equipment standard requirements and by preparing the market for increased future mandatory requirements. They sway purchase decisions and in some cases production decisions and retail stocking decisions toward energy-efficient products. Incentive programs are structured according to their regulatory environment, the way they are financed, by how the incentive is targeted, and by who administers them. This report categorizes the main elements of incentive programs, using case studies from the Major Economies Forum to illustrate their characteristics. To inform future policy and program design, it seeks to recognize design advantages and disadvantages through a qualitative overview of the variety of programs in use around the globe. Examples range from rebate programs administered by utilities under an Energy-Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) regulatory framework (California, USA) to the distribution of Eco-Points that reward customers for buying efficient appliances under a government recovery program (Japan). We found that evaluations have demonstrated that financial incentives programs have greater impact when they target highly efficient technologies that have a small market share. We also found that the benefits and drawbacks of different program design aspects depend on the market barriers addressed, the target equipment, and the local market context and that no program design surpasses the others. The key to successful program design and implementation is a thorough understanding of the market and effective identification of the most important local factors hindering the penetration of energy-efficient technologies.

  1. Detachment of Liquid-Water Droplets from Gas-Diffusion Layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Das, Prodip K.; Grippin, Adam; Weber, Adam Z.

    2011-07-01

    A critical issue for optimal water management in proton-exchange-membrane fuel cells at lower temperatures is the removal of liquid water from the cell. This pathway is intimately linked with the phenomena of liquid-water droplet removal from surface of the gas-diffusion layer and into the flow channel. Thus, a good understanding of liquid-water transport and droplet growth and detachment from the gas-diffusion layer is critical. In this study, liquid-water droplet growth and detachment on the gas-diffusion layer surfaces are investigated experimentally to improve the understating of water transport through and removal from gas-diffusion layers. An experiment using a sliding-angle measurement is designed and used to quantify and directly measure the adhesion force for liquid-water droplets, and to understand the droplets? growth and detachment from the gas-diffusion layers.

  2. ISSUANCE 2015-10-07: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Open Meetings Regarding The Dedicated Purpose Pool Pumps Working Group

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Open Meetings Regarding The Dedicated Purpose Pool Pumps Working Group

  3. Building Storage Appliances for the Grid and Beyond John Bent, Andrea Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi Arpaci-Dusseau, Miron Livny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Building Storage Appliances for the Grid and Beyond John Bent, Andrea Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi Arpaci,dusseau,remzi,miron@cs.wisc.edu Abstract Current storage appliances have been traditionally de- signed to meet either the storage demands challenges to storage ap- pliances that would be used on the grid. NeST is a user-level software-only storage

  4. Building Storage Appliances for the Grid and Beyond John Bent, Andrea ArpaciDusseau, Remzi ArpaciDusseau, Miron Livny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Building Storage Appliances for the Grid and Beyond John Bent, Andrea ArpaciDusseau, Remzi Arpaci,dusseau,remzi,miron@cs.wisc.edu Abstract Current storage appliances have been traditionally de signed to meet either the storage demands challenges to storage ap pliances that would be used on the grid. NeST is a userlevel softwareonly storage

  5. Modeling of GE Appliances in GridLAB-D: Peak Demand Reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fuller, Jason C.; Vyakaranam, Bharat GNVSR; Prakash Kumar, Nirupama; Leistritz, Sean M.; Parker, Graham B.

    2012-04-29

    The widespread adoption of demand response enabled appliances and thermostats can result in significant reduction to peak electrical demand and provide potential grid stabilization benefits. GE has developed a line of appliances that will have the capability of offering several levels of demand reduction actions based on information from the utility grid, often in the form of price. However due to a number of factors, including the number of demand response enabled appliances available at any given time, the reduction of diversity factor due to the synchronizing control signal, and the percentage of consumers who may override the utility signal, it can be difficult to predict the aggregate response of a large number of residences. The effects of these behaviors can be modeled and simulated in open-source software, GridLAB-D, including evaluation of appliance controls, improvement to current algorithms, and development of aggregate control methodologies. This report is the first in a series of three reports describing the potential of GE's demand response enabled appliances to provide benefits to the utility grid. The first report will describe the modeling methodology used to represent the GE appliances in the GridLAB-D simulation environment and the estimated potential for peak demand reduction at various deployment levels. The second and third reports will explore the potential of aggregated group actions to positively impact grid stability, including frequency and voltage regulation and spinning reserves, and the impacts on distribution feeder voltage regulation, including mitigation of fluctuations caused by high penetration of photovoltaic distributed generation and the effects on volt-var control schemes.

  6. Finite Element Method for Epitaxial Growth with Attachment-Detachment Kinetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Bo

    growth of thin films. Epitaxial growth is a technology for growing single crystal thin filmsFinite Element Method for Epitaxial Growth with Attachment-Detachment Kinetics Eberhard B in epitaxial growth. Such problems consist of an adatom (adsorbed atom) diffusion equation on terraces

  7. The Influence of Induced Currents on Magnetic Nozzle Acceleration and Plasma Detachment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choueiri, Edgar

    of plasma propulsion concepts currently being investigated rely on the use of applied magnetic fields the magnetic nozzle thus becomes paramount for the potential application of such concepts to space propulsionThe Influence of Induced Currents on Magnetic Nozzle Acceleration and Plasma Detachment Justin M

  8. Evaluation of electron temperature in detached recombining D. Nishijima a,*, U. Wenzel b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takamura, Shuichi

    of Te using two methods of (2) and (3) in steady state detached recombining helium plasmas of the linear- ing helium plasma in the downstream region (at the axial position of X 1:72 m from the discharge anode elec- trode) near the end plate X 2:05 m using an abso- lutely calibrated optical detection

  9. RECEPTOR-CYTOSKELETAL UNBINDING in Detachment of P-selectin from PSGL-1 on Leukocytes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heinrich, Volkmar

    of a macroscale tether plus subsequent detachment. Selecting tests that exhibited first yield then a single attachments to vessel walls under conditions of flow. I. INTRODUCTION When leukocytes need to stick to vessel as well as receptor- ligand unbonding, i.e. cohesive as well as adhesive failure? To address this question

  10. Simulation of Off-Grid, Off-Pipe, Single-Family Detached Residences in US Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J.

    2008-01-01

    , the building UA, Tbal and daily hot water use were obtained for F-Chart inputs. Electricity use for space cooling, lighting, appliances and other: The off-grid house requires electricity for operating the cooling system including fans and pumps.... The battery storage system was sized to store excess electricity generated for use during days when the weather is not favorable for electricity generation. The parameters used for sizing the battery system include: total electricity requirement for a...

  11. Feasibility of an appliance energy testing and labeling program for Sri Lanka

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biermayer, Peter; Busch, John; Hakim, Sajid; Turiel, Issac; du Pont, Peter; Stone, Chris

    2000-04-01

    A feasibility study evaluated the costs and benefits of establishing a program for testing, labeling and setting minimum efficiency standards for appliances and lighting in Sri Lanka. The feasibility study included: refrigerators, air-conditioners, flourescent lighting (ballasts & CFls), ceiling fans, motors, and televisions.

  12. Design Techniques for Sensor Appliances: Foundations and Light Compass Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potkonjak, Miodrag

    sensors of the appliance, and (2) error minimization-based sensor data interpretation middleware. We have University of California, Los Angeles jwong@cs.ucla.edu Seapahn Megerian University of California, Los Angeles seapahn@cs.ucla.edu Miodrag Potkonjak University of California, Los Angeles miodrag

  13. T-531: The WebVPN implementation on Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) 5500

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The WebVPN implementation on Cisco Adaptive Security Appliances (ASA) 5500 series devices with software before 8.2(3) permits the viewing of CIFS shares even when CIFS file browsing has been disabled, which allows remote authenticated users to bypass intended access restrictions via CIFS requests, aka Bug ID CSCsz80777.

  14. Load control in low voltage level of the electricity grid using CHP appliances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurink, Johann

    as a Virtual Power Plant to the electricity grid. In this work we focus on different algorithms to control is centrally generated in large power plants and in which distribution means distribution from these power.g.c.bosman@utwente.nl Abstract--The introduction of CHP (Combined Heat and Power) appliances and other means of distributed

  15. Impact of domestic woodburning appliances on indoor air quality Corinne Mandin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    air pollution study (CITEPA), France * Corresponding email: Eva.Leoz@ineris.fr SUMMARY Data pollutants in ambient air. Consequently our study aims at describing both emission factors and inerisImpact of domestic woodburning appliances on indoor air quality Corinne Mandin1 , Jacques Ribron2

  16. Standby and off-mode power demand of new appliances in the Anbal de Almeida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Standby and off-mode power demand of new appliances in the market Anbal de Almeida ISR regulation to limit the standby and off-mode power consumption of non-networked household electronic involved in the project. Standby and off-mode values by product categories are analyzed and compared

  17. An Effective Architecture for Automated Appliance Management System Applying Ontology-Based Cloud Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    (SOA) application, while Cloud focuses on Web 2.0 and SOA technology. Although Clouds adopted some Appliances; Semantic Web Service; Web Service Modeling Ontology (WSMO); Service- Level Agreements (SLA); Open technologies. There are already more than twenty definitions for Cloud computing [1]. Among them, Ian Foster

  18. Contactless Sensing of Appliance State Transitions Through Variations in Electromagnetic Fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Anthony

    as to track the associated energy consumption. Our EMF sensors are able to detect significant power state, we present a contactless electromagnetic field (EMF) sensor that can detect appliance power consump transitions. In this paper, we present an inexpensive contactless electromagnetic field (EMF) event

  19. Measure Guideline: Combustion Safety for Natural Draft Appliances Using Indoor Air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brand, L.

    2014-04-01

    This measure guideline covers how to assess and carry out the combustion safety procedures for appliances and heating equipment that uses indoor air for combustion in low-rise residential buildings. Only appliances installed in the living space, or in an area freely communicating with the living space, vented alone or in tandem with another appliance are considered here. A separate measure guideline addresses combustion appliances located either within the living space in enclosed closets or side rooms or outside the living space in an adjacent area like an attic or garage that use outdoor air for combustion. This document is for inspectors, auditors, and technicians working in homes where energy upgrades are being conducted whether or not air infiltration control is included in the package of measures being applied. In the indoor combustion air case, guidelines summarized here are based on language provided in several of the codes to establish minimum requirements for the space using simplified prescriptive measures. In addition, building performance testing procedures are provided by testing agencies. The codes in combination with the test procedures offer comprehensive combustion safety coverage to address safety concerns, allowing inexperienced residential energy retrofit inspectors to effectively address combustion safety issues and allow energy retrofits to proceed.

  20. 2014-06-06 Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee; Preliminary Agenda

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a preliminary agenda for the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee open meeting being held on June 6, 2014 from 1:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m. (EST) at the U.S. Department of Energy, Forrestal Building, Room 8E-089, 1000 Independence Avenue SW., Washington, DC 20585.

  1. Energy and CO2 efficient scheduling of smart appliances in active houses equipped with batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Energy and CO2 efficient scheduling of smart appliances in active houses equipped with batteries the electricity bill and the CO2 emissions. Mathematically, the scheduling problem is posed as a multi that the new formulation can decrease both the CO2 emissions and the electricity bill. Furthermore, a survey

  2. Energy-Harvesting Thermoelectric Sensing for Unobtrusive Water and Appliance Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    Energy-Harvesting Thermoelectric Sensing for Unobtrusive Water and Appliance Metering Bradford that meters using the same thermoelectric generator with which it powers itself. In short, the rate at which be harvested with a thermoelectric generator (TEG) to power a sensor node. TEGs utilize the Seebeck effect

  3. July 11 Public Meeting: Physical Characterization of Grid-Connected Commercial And Residential Building End-Use Equipment And Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These documents contain the three slide decks presented at the public meeting on the Physical Characterization of Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances, held on July 11, 2014 in Washington, DC.

  4. NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Brett C.

    2010-01-01

    ofvariationsinnaturalgascompositionandphysical2.1.2. Fuel Gas Compositions Bothdomesticnaturalgasandnaturalgasappliancesvarywith(areaffectedby)variabilityinfuel composition

  5. Use of Residential Smart Appliances for Peak-Load Shifting and Spinning Reserves Cost/Benefit Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastry, Chellury; Pratt, Robert G.; Srivastava, Viraj; Li, Shun

    2010-12-01

    In this report, we present the results of an analytical cost/benefit study of residential smart appliances from a utility/grid perspective in support of a joint stakeholder petition to the ENERGY STAR program within the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Department of Energy (DOE). The goal of the petition is in part to provide appliance manufacturers incentives to hasten the production of smart appliances. The underlying hypothesis is that smart appliances can play a critical role in addressing some of the societal challenges, such as anthropogenic global warming, associated with increased electricity demand, and facilitate increased penetration of renewable sources of power. The appliances we consider include refrigerator/freezers, clothes washers, clothes dryers, room air-conditioners, and dishwashers. The petition requests the recognition that providing an appliance with smart grid capability, i.e., products that meet the definition of a smart appliance, is at least equivalent to a corresponding five percent in operational machine efficiencies. It is then expected that given sufficient incentives and value propositions, and suitable automation capabilities built into smart appliances, residential consumers will be adopting these smart appliances and will be willing participants in addressing the aforementioned societal challenges by more effectively managing their home electricity consumption. The analytical model we utilize in our cost/benefit analysis consists of a set of user-definable assumptions such as the definition of on-peak (hours of day, days of week, months of year), the expected percentage of normal consumer electricity consumption (also referred to as appliance loads) that can shifted from peak hours to off-peak hours, the average power rating of each appliance, etc. Based on these assumptions, we then formulate what the wholesale grid operating-cost savings, or benefits, would be if the smart capabilities of appliances were invoked, and some percentage of appliance loads were shifted away from peak hours to run during off-peak hours, and appliance loads served power-system balancing needs such as spinning reserves that would otherwise have to be provided by generators. The rationale is that appliance loads can be curtailed for about ten minutes or less in response to a grid contingency without any diminution in the quality of service to the consumer. We then estimate the wholesale grid operating-cost savings based on historical wholesale-market clearing prices (location marginal and spinning reserve) from major wholesale power markets in the United States. The savings derived from the smart grid capabilities of an appliance are then compared to the savings derived from a five percent increase in traditional operational machine efficiencies, referred to as cost in this report, to determine whether the savings in grid operating costs (benefits) are at least as high as or higher than the operational machine efficiency credit (cost).

  6. Field monitoring of a variable-speed integrated heat pump/water-heating appliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fanney, A.H. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States). Building and Fire Research Lab.

    1995-12-31

    A variable-speed integrated heat pump/water-heating appliance was monitored for two years while meeting the space-conditioning and water-heating needs of an occupied residence. Experimental results are presented that show the total energy consumed by the residence was significantly reduced compared to previous years in which electric base-board heat, a wood stove, and window air conditioners were used. During the two space-heating seasons, the variable-speed integrated heat pump/water-heating appliance used 60% less energy than would have been consumed by an electric furnace with the same air distribution system and a storage-type electric water heater. The monthly space-cooling-only coefficients of performance (COP) ranged from 2.50 to 4.03, whereas the monthly space-heating-only coefficients of performance ranged from a low of 0.91 to a high of 3.33. A proposed index to quantify the overall system performance of integrated water-heating/space-conditioning appliances, referred to as the combined performance factor, ranged from 1.55 to 3.50. The majority of larger values occurred during months in which space cooling dominated. The combined performance factor for the entire two-year study was 2.45. A conventional watt-hour meter supplied by the local electrical utility and an electronic digital power analyzer were used to measure the energy consumption of the variable-speed heat pump to discern if variable-speed equipment introduces errors in conventional utility metering equipment. Measurements made using the two instruments were in excellent agreement. The monthly energy consumption and peak electrical demands of the residence, integrated heat pump/water-heating appliance, supplemental space heater, and water heater are discussed. The influence of outdoor temperature on electrical power demand is presented.

  7. GE Appliance Park Louisville, KY Plant Wide Assessment Final Report October 25th, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandon Rao; Richard Urschel

    2007-10-25

    Used a team of experts to analyze and model major systems at a large industrial appliance manufacturer. During the data gathering stage, the team specifically looked for baselining the efficiency of the systems as well as developing short term and longer term efficiency projects. Electrical distribution, Compressed air generation and thermal heat recovery for the production facility and front office heating and cooling optimization were all baselined during the study.

  8. Technology Solutions Case Study: Combustion Safety for Appliances Using Indoor Air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-05-01

    This case study describes how to assess and carry out the combustion safety procedures for appliances and heating equipment that uses indoor air for combustion in low-rise residential buildings. Only appliances installed in the living space, or in an area freely communicating with the living space, vented alone or in tandem with another appliance are considered here. This document is for inspectors, auditors, and technicians working in homes where energy upgrades are being conducted whether or not air infiltration control is included in the package of measures being applied. In the indoor combustion air case, guidelines summarized here are based on language provided in several of the codes to establish minimum requirements for the space using simplified prescriptive measures. In addition, building performance testing procedures are provided by testing agencies. The codes in combination with the test procedures offer comprehensive combustion safety coverage to address safety concerns, allowing inexperienced residential energy retrofit inspectors to effectively address combustion safety issues and allow energy retrofits to proceed.

  9. Agenda for Public Meeting on the Physical Characterization of Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Download the agenda below for the July 11 Public Meeting on the Physical Characterization of Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances.

  10. Impact of Natural Gas Appliances on Pollutant Levels in California Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mullen, Nasim A.; Li, Jina; Singer, Brett C.

    2012-12-01

    This report presents results from the first year of a 2-year study, investigating associations of five air pollutants (CO, NO2, NOX, formaldehyde and acetaldehyde) with the presence of natural gas appliances in California homes. From November 2011 to March 2012, pollutant concentration and occupant activity data were collected in 155 homes for 6-day periods. The sample population included both single-family (68%) and multi-family (32%) dwellings, with 87% having at least one gas appliance and 77% having an unvented gas cooking appliance. The geometric mean (GM) NO2 levels measured in the kitchen, bedroom and outside of homes were similar at values of 15, 12 and 11 ppb, respectively. In contrast, the GM NOx levels measured in the kitchen and bedroom of homes were much higher than levels measured outdoors, at levels of 42 and 41 ppb, compared to 19 ppb, respectively. Roughly 10% of sampled homes had 6-day average NO2 levels that exceeded the outdoor annual average limit set by the California Ambient Air Quality Standards (CAAQS) (30 ppb). The GMs of the highest 1-h and 8-h CO level measured in homes were 2.5 and 1.1 ppm, respectively. Four homes had a 1-h or 8-h concentration that exceeded the outdoor limits set by the CAAQS. The GM formaldehyde and acetaldehyde concentrations measured in homes were 15 and 7 ppb, respectively. Roughly 95% of homes had average formaldehyde levels indoors that exceeded the Chronic Reference Exposure Level set by the California EPA (7 ppb). Concentrations of NO2 and NOx, and to a lesser extent CO were associated with use of gas appliances, particularly unvented gas cooking appliances. Based on first principles, it is expected that effective venting of cooking pollutant emissions at the source will lead to a reduction of pollutant concentrations. However, no statistical association was detected between kitchen exhaust fan use and pollutant concentrations in homes in this study where gas cooking occurred frequently. The lack of statistical

  11. Influence of Atomic Physics on EDGE2D-EIRENE Simulations of JET Divertor Detachment with Carbon and Beryllium/Tungsten Plasma-Facing Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of Atomic Physics on EDGE2D-EIRENE Simulations of JET Divertor Detachment with Carbon and Beryllium/Tungsten Plasma-Facing Components

  12. Steps in Validating Scrape-Off Layer Simulations of Attached and Detached Plasmas in the JET ITER-Like Wall Configuration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steps in Validating Scrape-Off Layer Simulations of Attached and Detached Plasmas in the JET ITER-Like Wall Configuration

  13. Detached white-dwarf close-binary stars -- CV's extended family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. R. Marsh

    1999-06-07

    I review detached binaries consisting of white dwarfs with either other white dwarfs or low mass main-sequence stars in tight orbits around them. Orbital periods have been measured for 15 white dwarf/white dwarf systems and 22 white dwarf/M dwarf systems. While small compared to the number of periods known for CVs (>300), I argue that each variety of detached system has a space density an order of magnitude higher that of CVs. While theory matches the observed distribution of orbital periods of the white dwarf/white dwarf binaries, it predicts white dwarfs of much lower mass than observed. Amongst both types of binary are clear examples of helium core white dwarfs, as opposed to the usual CO composition; similar systems must exist amongst the CVs. White dwarf/M dwarf binaries suffer from selection effects which diminish the numbers seen at long and short periods. They are useful for the study of irradiation; I discuss evidence to suggest that Balmer emission is broadened by optical depth effects to an extent which limits its usefulness for imaging the secondary stars in CVs.

  14. Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels Research at 1 TableC Appendix C Letter from JohnNovemberAppliance

  15. 2nd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department ofApplianceU.S. Departmentthreethe 8:00AM EDT toRulemakings

  16. 3rd Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department ofApplianceU.S. DepartmentthreetheRulemakings -

  17. 4th Semi-Annual Report to Congress on Appliance Energy-Efficiency

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment| Department ofApplianceU.S. DepartmentthreetheRulemakings

  18. Cell detachment and label-free cell sorting using modulated surface acoustic waves (SAW) in droplet-based microfluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bussonnire, Adrien; Baudoin, Michael; Bou-Matar, Olivier; Grandbois, Michel; Charette, Paul; Renaudin, Alan

    2014-01-01

    We present a droplet-based surface acoustic wave (SAW) system designed to viably detach biological cells from a surface and sort cell types based on differences in adhesion strength (adhesion contrast), without the need to label cells with molecular markers. The system uses modulated SAW to generate pulsatile flows in the droplets and efficiently detach the cells, thereby minimizing SAW excitation power and exposure time. As a proof-of-principle, the system is shown to efficiently sort HEK 293 from A7r5 cells based on adhesion contrast. Results are obtained in minutes with sorting purity and efficiency reaching 97 % and 95 %, respectively.

  19. Angular distributions from two-photon detachment of H- near ionization threshold: Laser-frequency and -intensity effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Shih-I; Telnov, Dmitry A.

    2002-12-18

    .80.Rm, 32.80.Gc lations @11,12#. Detailed Floquet studies of the frequency- and intensity-dependent multiphoton detachment of H2 @13# using this model potential were in good agreement with the Los Alamos experimental data @14#, as well as the two...-photon threshold @17#, again using this model poten- tial, is also in good harmony with the recent experimental work in Los Alamos @7# and Aarhus @6#, respectively. The angle-integrated multiphoton detachment rates, presented in the same work @16,17#, agree well...

  20. Study of an integrated appliance, the air conditioner/heat pump-heat recovery unit-water heater. Final report, November 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tu, K.M.; Davies, A.; Fischler, S.

    1981-02-01

    Three integrated heat-pump - heat-recovery-unit - water-heater appliances were tested under various environmental conditions to measure the functional parameters and study the operating characteristics of these systems. It was found that the heat recovery, heat-recovery rate, and heat-recovery efficiency were dependent on the heat-recovery-unit's characteristics. The use of the heat-recovery unit in the system resulted in a reduced work load for the heat pump's compressor and slightly improved the heat-pump's performance. A computer simulation model of the integrated system was developed to study the interactions between several of the pertinent system variables on an hourly basis for selected situations and to estimate energy savings. Two alternative estimation methods that utilize five-degree temperature bin data were also developed. The estimate savings determined by using the alternative methods were about the same as those estimated using the hourly data. Conclusions were also reached concerning the use of water heaters with different tank capacities and on methods of increasing potential energy savings.

  1. "Table HC10.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by U.S. Census Regions, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional3 Housing2

  2. "Table HC15.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional37 Housing8 Water9

  3. "Table HC3.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional37 Housing84

  4. "Table HC4.9 Home Appliances Characteristics by Renter-Occupied Housing Unit, 2005"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longec 188 U.S.1 HomeRegional37 Housing84348

  5. Appliances, Lighting, Electronics, and Miscellaneous EquipmentElectricity Use in New Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Richard E.; Rittelman, William; Parker, Danny; Homan,Gregory

    2007-02-28

    The "Other" end-uses (appliances, lighting, electronics, andmiscellaneous equipment) continue to grow. This is particularly true innew homes, where increasing floor area and amenities are leading tohigher saturation of these types of devices. This paper combines thefindings of several field studies to assess the current state ofknowledge about the "Other" end-uses in new homes. The field studiesinclude sub-metered measurements of occupied houses in Arizona, Florida,and Colorado, as well as device-level surveys and power measurements inunoccupied new homes. We find that appliances, lighting, electronics, andmiscellaneous equipment can consume from 46 percent to 88 percent ofwhole-house electricity use in current low-energy homes. Moreover, theannual consumption for the "Other" end-uses is not significantly lower innew homes (even those designed for low energy use) compared to existinghomes. The device-level surveys show that builder-installed equipment isa significant contributor to annual electricity consumption, and certaindevices that are becoming more common in new homes, such as structuredwiring systems, contribute significantly to this power consumption. Thesefindings suggest that energy consumption by these "Other" end uses isstill too large to allow cost-effective zero-energy homes.

  6. Rebates, loans, and consumers` choice of appliance efficiency level: Combining stated and revealed-preference data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Train, K.E.; Atherton, T.

    1995-12-31

    Residential customers` choice of efficiency level for appliances, and their participation in demand-side management (DSM) programs, are examined using data on customers` stated preferences in hypothetical (i.e., conjoint-type) situations and their revealed preferences in real-world choices. The analysis provides information on customers` willingness to pay for energy savings, the importance of rebates in customers` decisions, and customers` response to DSM programs that offer loans for purchases of high-efficiency appliances. An estimated model is used to forecast the decisions of customers under: higher rebates, replacement of rebates with finance programs, offering of loans and rebates as alternative options for customers, and the elimination of DSM programs. We find that attractive loans (e.g., low interest rates, loan repayment periods) are necessary to have the same effect as rebates. Programs that offer customers the option of loans or rebates are found to be far more effective than programs that offer only loans or only rebates. 12 refs., 5 figs.

  7. Modeling and control of algae detachment in regulated canal networks Ophelie Fovet, Xavier Litrico and Gilles Belaud

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Modeling and control of algae detachment in regulated canal networks Ophelie Fovet, Xavier Litrico and Gilles Belaud Abstract-- Algae development in open-channel networks in- duce major disturbances because these algae developments consists in flushing the fixed algae. The flush is carried out by increasing

  8. Magnetic and clast fabrics as measurements of grain-scale processes within the Death Valley shallow crustal detachment faults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Housen, Bernie

    crustal detachment faults Nicholas W. Hayman,1 B. A. Housen,2 T. T. Cladouhos,3,4 and K. Livi5 Received 17 and the micro-mechanics of particle interaction must have departed from those assumed by the passive and anisotropy Citation: Hayman, N. W., B. A. Housen, T. T. Cladouhos, and K. Livi (2004), Magnetic and clast

  9. Precipitation of auroral protons in detached arcs Thomas J. Immel, Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey, Laura M. Peticolas,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Precipitation of auroral protons in detached arcs Thomas J. Immel, Stephen B. Mende, Harald U. Frey of particle precipitation at sub-auroral latitudes on the dayside. The signature of this precipitation is seen conjunction with the FAST satellite demonstrates the presence of precipitating protons and the notable absence

  10. Numerical simulations used for a validity check on the laser induced photo-detachment diagnostic method in electronegative plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oudini, N.; Taccogna, F.; Aanesland, A.

    2014-06-15

    Laser photo-detachment is used as a method to measure or determine the negative ion density and temperature in electronegative plasmas. In essence, the method consists of producing an electropositive channel (negative ion free region) via pulsed laser photo-detachment within an electronegative plasma bulk. Electrostatic probes placed in this channel measure the change in the electron density. A second pulse might be used to track the negative ion recovery. From this, the negative ion density and temperature can be determined. We study the formation and relaxation of the electropositive channel via a two-dimensional Particle-In-Cell/Mote Carlo collision model. The simulation is mainly carried out in a Hydrogen plasma with an electronegativity of ??=?1, with a parametric study for ? up to 20. The temporal and spatial evolution of the plasma potential and the electron densities shows the formation of a double layer (DL) confining the photo-detached electrons within the electropositive channel. This DL evolves into two fronts that move in the opposite directions inside and outside of the laser spot region. As a consequence, within the laser spot region, the background and photo-detached electron energy distribution function relaxes/thermalizes via collisionless effects such as Fermi acceleration and Landau damping. Moreover, the simulations show that collisional effects and the DL electric field strength might play a non-negligible role in the negative ion recovery within the laser spot region, leading to a two-temperature negative ion distribution. The latter result might have important effects in the determination of the negative ion density and temperature from laser photo detachment diagnostic.

  11. A crossover design study to evaluate the effectiveness of appliance inspection and servicing for lowering indoor nitrogen dioxide concentrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colome, S.D. ); Billick, I.H. ); Baker, P.E.; Beals, S.A.; Rubio, S.A.; Cunningham, S.J. ); Wilson, A.L. )

    1988-01-01

    Some researchers have suggested that natural gas appliances are significant contributors to indoor air pollution. Indoor unvented combustion appliances, such as gas-fired ranges, unvented space heaters, and portable kerosene space heaters, have been associated with a wide variety of pollutants, including carbon monoxide (CO), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}), sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), formaldehyde (HCHO), and respirable particles. Previous indoor air quality studies have demonstrated that indoor NO{sub 2} concentrations often exceed outdoor ambient levels when gas- burning appliances are used. Cooking with gas has been the focus of many of these studies, although other unvented appliances, such as space-heaters, have also been associated with elevated NO{sub 2} concentrations. Some epidemiologic studies of exposure to NO{sub 2} in homes with gas ranges have indicated a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms and illness. However, other studies contradicted these findings and failed to show any significant effects associated with gas cooking.

  12. A retrospective investigation of energy efficiency standards: Policies may have accelerated long term declines in appliance costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Buskirk, R. D.; Kantner, C. L. S.; Gerke, B. F.; Chu, S.

    2014-11-14

    We perform a retrospective investigation of multi-decade trends in price and life-cycle cost (LCC) for home appliances in periods with and without energy efficiency (EE) standards and labeling polices. In contrast to the classical picture of the impact of efficiency standards, the introduction and updating of appliance standards is not associated with a long-term increase in purchase price; rather, quality-adjusted prices undergo a continued or accelerated long-term decline. In addition, long term trends in appliance LCCswhich include operating costsconsistently show an accelerated long term decline with EE policies. We also show that the incremental price of efficiency improvements has declined faster than the baseline product price for selected products. These observations are inconsistent with a view of EE standards that supposes a perfectly competitive market with static supply costs. These results suggest that EE policies may be associated with other forces at play, such as innovation and learning-by-doing in appliance production and design, that can affect long term trends in quality-adjusted prices and LCCs.

  13. 282 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SMART GRID, VOL. 5, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 A Distributed Algorithm of Appliance Scheduling for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    , Student Member, IEEE, and Arye Nehorai, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Demand side management encourages the users of Appliance Scheduling for Home Energy Management System Phani Chavali, Student Member, IEEE, Peng Yang. In this paper, we propose a distributed framework for the demand response based on cost minimiza- tion. Each

  14. A retrospective investigation of energy efficiency standards: Policies may have accelerated long term declines in appliance costs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Van Buskirk, R. D.; Kantner, C. L. S.; Gerke, B. F.; Chu, S.

    2014-11-14

    We perform a retrospective investigation of multi-decade trends in price and life-cycle cost (LCC) for home appliances in periods with and without energy efficiency (EE) standards and labeling polices. In contrast to the classical picture of the impact of efficiency standards, the introduction and updating of appliance standards is not associated with a long-term increase in purchase price; rather, quality-adjusted prices undergo a continued or accelerated long-term decline. In addition, long term trends in appliance LCCswhich include operating costsconsistently show an accelerated long term decline with EE policies. We also show that the incremental price of efficiency improvements has declinedmorefaster than the baseline product price for selected products. These observations are inconsistent with a view of EE standards that supposes a perfectly competitive market with static supply costs. These results suggest that EE policies may be associated with other forces at play, such as innovation and learning-by-doing in appliance production and design, that can affect long term trends in quality-adjusted prices and LCCs.less

  15. APPLIANCE STANDARDS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Equipment General Service Incandescent Lamps General Service Fluorescent Lamps Small Electric Motors Electric Motors Water Heaters Furnace Fans Distribution Transformers Water...

  16. APPLIANCE STANDARDS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design to Improve4AJ01) (See Energy Level79AJ01)19^560AMERICA'S,A DISTRIBUTION

  17. Energy-efficiency labels and standards: A guidebook for appliances, equipment and lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMahon, James E.; Wiel, Stephen

    2001-02-16

    Energy-performance improvements in consumer products are an essential element in any government's portfolio of energy-efficiency and climate change mitigation programs. Governments need to develop balanced programs, both voluntary and regulatory, that remove cost-ineffective, energy-wasting products from the marketplace and stimulate the development of cost-effective, energy-efficient technology. Energy-efficiency labels and standards for appliances, equipment, and lighting products deserve to be among the first policy tools considered by a country's energy policy makers. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the United Nations Foundation (UNF) recognize the need to support policy makers in their efforts to implement energy-efficiency standards and labeling programs and have developed this guidebook, together with the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP), as a primary reference. This guidebook was prepared over the course of the past year with significant contribution from the authors and reviewers mentioned previously. Their diligent participation has made this the international guidance tool it was intended to be. The lead authors would also like to thank the following individuals for their support in the development, production, and distribution of the guidebook: Marcy Beck, Elisa Derby, Diana Dhunke, Ted Gartner, and Julie Osborn of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory as well as Anthony Ma of Bevilacqua-Knight, Inc. This guidebook is designed as a manual for government officials and others around the world responsible for developing, implementing, enforcing, monitoring, and maintaining labeling and standards-setting programs. It discusses the pros and cons of adopting energy-efficiency labels and standards and describes the data, facilities, and institutional and human resources needed for these programs. It provides guidance on the design, development, implementation, maintenance, and evaluation of the programs and on the design of the labels and standards themselves. In addition, it directs the reader to references and other resources likely to be useful in conducting the activities described and includes a chapter on energy policies and programs that complement appliance efficiency labels and standards. This guidebook attempts to reflect the essential framework of labeling and standards programs. It is the intent of the authors and sponsors to distribute copies of this book worldwide at no charge for the general public benefit. The guidebook is also available on the web at www.CLASPonline.org and can be downloaded to be used intact or piecemeal for whatever beneficial purposes readers may conceive.

  18. Field monitoring of a variable-speed integrated heat pump/water heating appliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fanney, A.H.

    1993-06-01

    The report describes the residence, heat pump system, and monitoring equipment. Results are presented which include comparison of the total electrical energy consumption of the residence prior to and after installation of the heat pump system, the portion of energy used by each end use within the residence, a comparison of the heat pump's energy consumption using a conventional watthour meter and an electronic digital power analyzer, and the hourly electrical demands imposed on the utility. The thermal performance of the heat pump system is reported on a monthly, seasonal, and annual basis using conventional performance indicators in addition to using an index, proposed by NIST, which quantifies the overall system performance of integrated appliances.

  19. Evaluation of Waste Heat Recovery and Utilization from Residential Appliances and Fixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomlinson, John J; Christian, Jeff; Gehl, Anthony C

    2012-09-01

    Executive Summary In every home irrespective of its size, location, age, or efficiency, heat in the form of drainwater or dryer exhaust is wasted. Although from a waste stream, this energy has the potential for being captured, possibly stored, and then reused for preheating hot water or air thereby saving operating costs to the homeowner. In applications such as a shower and possibly a dryer, waste heat is produced at the same time as energy is used, so that a heat exchanger to capture the waste energy and return it to the supply is all that is needed. In other applications such as capturing the energy in drainwater from a tub, dishwasher, or washing machine, the availability of waste heat might not coincide with an immediate use for energy, and consequently a heat exchanger system with heat storage capacity (i.e. a regenerator) would be necessary. This study describes a two-house experimental evaluation of a system designed to capture waste heat from the shower, dishwasher clothes washer and dryer, and to use this waste heat to offset some of the hot water energy needs of the house. Although each house was unoccupied, they were fitted with equipment that would completely simulate the heat loads and behavior of human occupants including operating the appliances and fixtures on a demand schedule identical to Building American protocol (Hendron, 2009). The heat recovery system combined (1) a gravity-film heat exchanger (GFX) installed in a vertical section of drainline, (2) a heat exchanger for capturing dryer exhaust heat, (3) a preheat tank for storing the captured heat, and (4) a small recirculation pump and controls, so that the system could be operated anytime that waste heat from the shower, dishwasher, clothes washer and dryer, and in any combination was produced. The study found capturing energy from the dishwasher and clothes washer to be a challenge since those two appliances dump waste water over a short time interval. Controls based on the status of the dump valve on these two appliances would have eliminated uncertainty in knowing when waste water was flowing and the recovery system operated. The study also suggested that capture of dryer exhaust heat to heat incoming air to the dryer should be examined as an alternative to using drying exhaust energy for water heating. The study found that over a 6-week test period, the system in each house was able to recover on average approximately 3000 W-h of waste heat daily from these appliance and showers with slightly less on simulated weekdays and slightly more on simulated weekends which were heavy wash/dry days. Most of these energy savings were due to the shower/GFX operation, and the least savings were for the dishwasher/GFX operation. Overall, the value of the 3000 W-h of displaced energy would have been $0.27/day based on an electricity price of $.09/kWh. Although small for today s convention house, these savings are significant for a home designed to approach maximum affordable efficiency where daily operating costs for the whole house are less than a dollar per day. In 2010 the actual measured cost of energy in one of the simulated occupancy houses which waste heat recovery testing was undertaken was $0.77/day.

  20. Detachment, Futile Cycling and Nucleotide Pocket Collapse in Myosin-V Stepping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neville J. Boon; Rebecca B. Hoyle

    2015-02-06

    Myosin-V is a highly processive dimeric protein that walks with 36nm steps along actin tracks, powered by coordinated ATP hydrolysis reactions in the two myosin heads. No previous theoretical models of the myosin-V walk reproduce all the observed trends of velocity and run-length with [ADP], [ATP] and external forcing. In particular, a result that has eluded all theoretical studies based upon rigorous physical chemistry is that run length decreases with both increasing [ADP] and [ATP]. We systematically analyse which mechanisms in existing models reproduce which experimental trends and use this information to guide the development of models that can reproduce them all. We formulate models as reaction networks between distinct mechanochemical states with energetically determined transition rates. For each network architecture, we compare predictions for velocity and run length to a subset of experimentally measured values, and fit unknown parameters using a bespoke MCSA optimization routine. Finally we determine which experimental trends are replicated by the best-fit model for each architecture. Only two models capture them all: one involving [ADP]-dependent mechanical detachment, and another including [ADP]-dependent futile cycling and nucleotide pocket collapse. Comparing model-predicted and experimentally observed kinetic transition rates favors the latter.

  1. Screened thermonuclear reactions and predictive stellar evolution of detached double-lined eclipsing binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theodore Liolios; Theocharis Kosmas

    2005-07-06

    The low energy fusion cross sections of charged-particle nuclear reactions (and the respective reaction rates) in stellar plasmas are enhanced due to plasma screening effects. We study the impact of those effects on predictive stellar evolution simulations for detached double-lined eclipsing binaries. We follow the evolution of binary systems (pre-main sequence or main sequence stars) with precisely determined radii and masses from 1.1Mo to 23Mo (from their birth until their present state). The results indicate that all the discrepancies between the screened and unscreened models (in terms of luminosity, stellar radius, and effective temperature) are within the observational uncertainties. Moreover, no nucleosynthetic or compositional variation was found due to screening corrections. Therefore all thermonuclear screening effects on the charged-particle nuclear reactions that occur in the binary stars considered in this work (from their birth until their present state) can be totally disregarded. In other words, all relevant charged-particle nuclear reactions can be safely assumed to take place in a vacuum, thus simplifying and accelerating the simulation processes.

  2. 2014-04-30 Public Meeting Agenda: Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is the agenda for the Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances public meeting being held on April 30, 2014.

  3. 2014-04-30 Public Meeting Presentation Slides: Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These documents contain slide decks presented at the Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances public meeting held on April 30, 2014.

  4. Powering a Home with Just 25 Watts of Solar PV. Super-Efficient Appliances Can Enable Expanded Off-Grid Energy Service Using Small Solar Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phadke, Amol A.; Jacobson, Arne; Park, Won Young; Lee, Ga Rick; Alstone, Peter; Khare, Amit

    2015-04-01

    Highly efficient direct current (DC) appliances have the potential to dramatically increase the affordability of off-grid solar power systems used for rural electrification in developing countries by reducing the size of the systems required. For example, the combined power requirement of a highly efficient color TV, four DC light emitting diode (LED) lamps, a mobile phone charger, and a radio is approximately 18 watts and can be supported by a small solar power system (at 27 watts peak, Wp). Price declines and efficiency advances in LED technology are already enabling rapidly increased use of small off-grid lighting systems in Africa and Asia. Similar progress is also possible for larger household-scale solar home systems that power appliances such as lights, TVs, fans, radios, and mobile phones. When super-efficient appliances are used, the total cost of solar home systems and their associated appliances can be reduced by as much as 50%. The results vary according to the appliances used with the system. These findings have critical relevance for efforts to provide modern energy services to the 1.2 billion people worldwide without access to the electrical grid and one billion more with unreliable access. However, policy and market support are needed to realize rapid adoption of super-efficient appliances.

  5. The effects of orientation angle, subcooling, heat flux, mass flux, and pressure on bubble growth and detachment in subcooled flow boiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sugrue, Rosemary M

    2012-01-01

    The effects of orientation angle, subcooling, heat flux, mass flux, and pressure on bubble growth and detachment in subcooled flow boiling were studied using a high-speed video camera in conjunction with a two-phase flow ...

  6. CD Tau: a detached eclipsing binary with a solar-mass companion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ignasi Ribas; Carme Jordi; Jordi Torra

    1999-05-10

    We present a detailed analysis of the detached eclipsing binary CD Tau. A large variety of observational data, in form of IR photometry, CORAVEL radial velocity observations and high-resolution spectra, are combined with the published light curves to derive accurate absolute dimensions and effective temperature of the components, as well as the metal abundance of the system. We obtain: MA=1.442(16) Mo, RA=1.798(17) Ro, TeffA=6200(50) K, MB=1.368(16) Msun, RB=1.584(20) Run and TeffB=6200(50) K. The metal content of the system is determined to be [Fe/H]=+0.08(15) dex. In addition, the eclipsing binary has a K-type close visual companion at about 10-arcsec separation, which is shown to be physically linked, thus sharing a common origin. The effective temperature of the visual companion (Teff=5250(200) K) is determined from synthetic spectrum fitting, and its luminosity (log L/Lo=-0.27(6)), and therefore its radius (R=0.89(9) Ro), are obtained from comparison with the apparent magnitude of the eclipsing pair. The observed fundamental properties of the eclipsing components are compared with the predictions of evolutionary models, and we obtain good agreement for an age of 2.6 Gyr and a chemical composition of Z=0.026 and Y=0.26. Furthermore, we test the evolutionary models for solar-mass stars and we conclude that the physical properties of the visual companion are very accurately described by the same isochrone that fits the more massive components.

  7. Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David; McNeill, Michael; Zheng, Nina; Letschert, Virginie; Ke, Jing; Saheb, Yamina

    2010-06-07

    China is now the world's largest producer and consumer of household appliances and commercial equipment. To address the growth of electricity use of the appliances, China has implemented a series of minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for 30 appliances, and voluntary energy efficiency label for 40 products. Further, in 2005, China started a mandatory energy information label that covers 19 products to date. However, the impact of these standard and labeling programs and their savings potential has not been evaluated on a consistent basis. This research involved modeling to estimate the energy saving and CO{sub 2} emission reduction potential of the appliances standard and labeling program for products for which standards are currently in place, or under development and those proposed for development in 2010. Two scenarios that have been developed differ primarily in the pace and stringency of MEPS development. The 'Continued Improvement Scenario' (CIS) reflects the likely pace of post-2009 MEPS revisions, and the likely improvement at each revision step considering the technical limitation of the technology. The 'Best Practice Scenario' (BPS) examined the potential of an achievement of international best practice MEPS in 2014. This paper concludes that under the 'CIS' of regularly scheduled MEPS revisions to 2030, cumulative electricity consumption could be reduced by 9503 TWh, and annual CO{sub 2} emissions would be 16% lower than in the frozen efficiency scenario. Under a 'BPS' scenario for a subset of products, cumulative electricity savings would be 5450 TWh and annual CO{sub 2} emissions reduction would be 35% lower than in the frozen scenario.

  8. Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Fridley, David; McNeil, Michael; Zheng, Nina; Letschert, Virginie; Ke, Jing

    2011-04-01

    China has implemented a series of minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for over 30 appliances, voluntary energy efficiency label for 40 products and a mandatory energy information label that covers 19 products to date. However, the impact of these programs and their savings potential has not been evaluated on a consistent basis. This paper uses modeling to estimate the energy saving and CO{sub 2} emission reduction potential of the appliances standard and labeling program for products for which standards are currently in place, under development or those proposed for development in 2010 under three scenarios that differ in the pace and stringency of MEPS development. In addition to a baseline 'Frozen Efficiency' scenario at 2009 MEPS level, the 'Continued Improvement Scenario' (CIS) reflects the likely pace of post-2009 MEPS revisions, and the likely improvement at each revision step. The 'Best Practice Scenario' (BPS) examined the potential of an achievement of international best practice efficiency in broad commercial use today in 2014. This paper concludes that under 'CIS', cumulative electricity consumption could be reduced by 9503 TWh, and annual CO{sub 2} emissions of energy used for all 37 products would be 16% lower than in the frozen efficiency scenario. Under a 'BPS' scenario for a subset of products, cumulative electricity savings would be 5450 TWh and annual CO{sub 2} emissions reduction of energy used for 11 appliances would be 35% lower.

  9. NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singer, Brett C.; Apte, Michael G.; Black, Douglas R.; Hotchi, Toshifumi; Lucas, Donald; Lunden, Melissa M.; Mirer, Anna G.; Spears, Michael; Sullivan, Douglas P.

    2009-12-01

    The effect of liquefied natural gas on pollutant emissions was evaluated experimentally with used and new appliances in the laboratory and with appliances installed in residences, targeting information gaps from previous studies. Burner selection targeted available technologies that are projected to comprise the majority of installed appliances over the next decade. Experiments were conducted on 13 cooktop sets, 12 ovens, 5 broiler burners, 5 storage water heaters, 4 forced air furnaces, 1 wall furnace, and 6 tankless water heaters. Air-free concentrations and fuel-based emission factors were determined for carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, nitrogen dioxide, and the number of (predominantly ultrafine) particles over complete burns?including transient effects (device warm-up and intermittent firing of burners) following ignition--and during more stable end-of-burn conditions. Formaldehyde was measured over multi-burn cycles. The baseline fuel was Northern California line gas with Wobbe number (a measure of fuel energy delivery rate) of 1320-1340; test fuels had Wobbe numbers of roughly 1390 and 1420, and in some cases 1360. No ignition or operational problems were observed during test fuel use. Baseline emissions varied widely across and within burner groups and with burner operational mode. Statistically significant emissions changes were observed for some pollutants on some burners.

  10. Impacts of China's Current Appliance Standards and LabelingProgram to 2020

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fridley, David; Aden, Nathaniel; Zhou, Nan; Lin, Jiang

    2007-03-03

    The report summarizes the history and nature of China sstandardsand labeling program in the Introduction in Section 1. Trends indomestic production, exports, penetration rates, unit energy consumptionand the history of S&L technical levels by product are discussed ingreat detail in Section 2. The national energy impactsanalysis found inSection 3 concludes that overall China s standards and labeling programsreduce total electricity consumption in 2020 by an annual 106 TWh, or 16percent of what would otherwise been expected in that year in the absenceof standards and labeling programs.In total, the report concludes thatthe S&L programs currently in place in China are expected to save acumulative 1143 TWh by 2020, or 9 percent of the cumulative consumptionof residential electricity to that year. In 2020 alone, annual savingsare expected to be equivalent to 11 percent of residential electricityuse. In average generation terms, this is equivalent to 27 1-GW coalfired plants that would have required around 75 million tonnes of coal tooperate.In comparison, savings from the US appliance standards programalone is expected to save 10 percent of residential electricityconsumption in 2020.

  11. Max Tech Appliance Design: Potential for Maximizing U.S. Energy Savings through Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garbesi, Karina; Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Bolduc, Christopher; Burch, Gabriel; Hosseinzadeh, Griffin; Saltiel, Seth

    2011-05-06

    This study surveyed the technical potential for efficiency improvements in 150 categories of appliances and equipment representing 33 quads of primary energy use across the US economy in 2010 and (1) documented efficient product designs, (2) identified the most promising cross-cutting strategies, and (3) ranked national energy savings potential by end use. Savings were estimated using a method modeled after US Department of Energy priority-setting reports - simplified versions of the full technical and economic analyses performed for rulemakings. This study demonstrates that large savings are possible by replacing products at the end-of-life with ultra-efficient models that use existing technology. Replacing the 50 top energy-saving end-uses (constituting 30 quads of primary energy consumption in 2010) with today's best-on-market equivalents would save {approx}200 quads of US primary energy over 30 years (25% of consumption anticipated there from). For the 29 products for maximum feasible savings potential could be estimated, the savings were twice as high. These results demonstrate that pushing ultra-efficient products to market could significantly escalate carbon emission reductions and is a viable strategy for sustaining large emissions reductions through standards. The results of this analysis were used by DOE for new coverage prioritization, to identify key opportunities for product prototyping and market development, and will leverage future standards rulemakings by identifying the full scope of maximum feasible technology options. High leverage products include advances lighting systems, HVAC, and televisions. High leverage technologies include electronic lighting, heat pumps, variable speed motors, and a host of controls-related technologies.

  12. Household`s choices of efficiency levels for appliances: Using stated- and revealed-preference data to identify the importance of rebates and financing arrangements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Train, K.; Atherton, T.

    1994-11-01

    We examine customers` choice between standard and high-efficiency equipment, and the impact of utility incentives such as rebates and loans on this decision. Using data from interviews with 400 households, we identify the factors that customers consider in their choice of efficiency level for appliances and the relative importance of these factors. We build a model that describes customers` choices and can be used to predict choices in future situations under changes in the attributes of appliances and in the utility`s DSM and as part of the appliance-choice component of utilities` end-use forecasting systems. As examples, the model is used to predict the impacts of: doubling the size of rebates, replacing rebates with financing programs, and offering loans and rebates as alternative options for customers.

  13. Anion A HX Clusters with Reduced Electron Binding Energies: Proton vs Hydrogen Atom Relocation Upon Electron Detachment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

    2014-12-10

    Clustering an anion with one or more neutral molecules is a stabilizing process that enhances the oxidation potential of the complex relative to the free ion. Several hydrogen bond clusters (i.e., A HX, where A = H2PO4 and CF3CO2 and HX = MeOH, PhOH, and Me2NOH or Et2NOH) are examined by photoelectron spectroscopy and M06-2X and CCSD(T) computations. Remarkably, these species are experimentally found to have adiabatic detachment energies that are smaller than those for the free ion and reductions of 0.47 to 1.87 eV are predicted computationally. Hydrogen atom and proton transfers upon vertical photodetachment are two limiting extremes on the neutral surface in a continuum of mechanistic pathways that account for these results, and the whole gamut of possibilities are predicted to occur.

  14. The role of footwall deformation and denudation in controlling cooling age patterns of detachment systems: An application to the Kongur Shan extensional system in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Mark

    cooling-age patterns from the footwall of the Cenozoic Kongur Shan normal fault system in the PamirThe role of footwall deformation and denudation in controlling cooling age patterns of detachment systems: An application to the Kongur Shan extensional system in the Eastern Pamir, China Alexander C

  15. QoS-aware Deployment of Network of Virtual Appliances across Multiple Clouds Amir Vahid Dastjerdi, Saurabh Kumar Garg, and Rajkumar Buyya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    , Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010-based. They take into account Quality of Service (QoS) criteria such as reliability, data communication cost problems such as root privilege requirements and library dependencies, virtual appliance technology

  16. Effectiveness of a dynein team in tug-of-war helped by reduced load-sensitivity of detachment: evidence from study of bidirectional endosome transport in Dictyostelium discoideum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deepak Bhat; Manoj Gopalakrishnan

    2012-05-26

    Bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors in cells is a complex phenomenon, in which the cargo (usually a vesicle) alternately moves in retrograde and anterograde directions. In this case, teams of oppositely pulling motors (eg., kinesin and dynein) bind to the cargo simultaneously, and `coordinate' their activity such that the motion consists of spells of positively and negatively directed segments, separated by pauses of varying duration. A set of recent experiments have analyzed the bidirectional motion of endosomes in the amoeba D. discoideum in detail. It was found that in between directional switches, a team of 5-6 dyneins stall a cargo against a stronger kinesin in tug of war, which lasts for almost a second. As the mean detachment time of a kinesin under its stall load was also observed to be ~ 1s, we infer that the collective detachment time of the dynein assembly must also be similar. Here, we analyze this inference from a modeling perspective, using experimentally measured single-molecule parameters as inputs. We find that the commonly assumed exponential load-dependent detachment rate is inconsistent with observations, as it predicts that a 5-dynein assembly will detach under its combined stall load in less than a hundredth of a second. A modified model where the load-dependent unbinding rate is assumed to saturate at stall-force level for super-stall loads gives results which are in agreement with experimental data. Our analysis suggests that the load-dependent detachment of a dynein in a team is qualitatively different at sub-stall and super-stall loads, a conclusion which is likely to have implications in other situations involving collective effects of many motors.

  17. Energy-Efficiency Labels and Standards: A Guidebook forAppliances, Equipment, and Lighting - 2nd Edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiel, Stephen; McMahon, James E.

    2005-04-28

    Energy-performance improvements in consumer products are an essential element in any government's portfolio of energy-efficiency and climate change mitigation programs. Governments need to develop balanced programs, both voluntary and regulatory, that remove cost-ineffective, energy-wasting products from the marketplace and stimulate the development of cost-effective, energy-efficient technology. Energy-efficiency labels and standards for appliances, equipment, and lighting products deserve to be among the first policy tools considered by a country's energy policy makers. The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and several other organizations identified on the cover of this guidebook recognize the need to support policy makers in their efforts to implement energy-efficiency standards and labeling programs and have developed this guidebook, together with the Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP), as a primary reference. This second edition of the guidebook was prepared over the course of the past year, four years after the preparation of the first edition, with a significant contribution from the authors and reviewers mentioned previously. Their diligent participation helps maintain this book as the international guidance tool it has become. The lead authors would like to thank the members of the Communications Office of the Environmental Energy Technologies Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for their support in the development, production, and distribution of the guidebook. This guidebook is designed as a manual for government officials and others around the world responsible for developing, implementing, enforcing, monitoring, and maintaining labeling and standards setting programs. It discusses the pros and cons of adopting energy-efficiency labels and standards and describes the data, facilities, and institutional and human resources needed for these programs. It provides guidance on the design, development, implementation, maintenance, and evaluation of the programs and on the design of the labels and standards themselves. In addition, it directs the reader to references and other resources likely to be useful in conducting the activities described and includes a chapter on energy policies and programs that complement appliance efficiency labels and standards. This guidebook attempts to reflect the essential framework of labeling and standards programs. It is the intent of the authors and sponsor to distribute copies of this book worldwide, at no charge, for the general public benefit. The guidebook is also available on the web at www.clasponline.org and may be downloaded to be used intact or piecemeal for whatever beneficial purposes readers may conceive.

  18. The use of negotiated agreements to improve efficiency of end-use appliances: First results from the European experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertoldi, P.; Bowie, R.; Hagen, L.

    1998-07-01

    The European Union is pursuing measures to improve end-use equipment efficiency through a variety of policy instruments, in particular for domestic appliances. One of the most effective methods to achieve market transformation is through minimum efficiency performance standards (MEPS). However, after the difficulties and controversy following the adoption of legislation for MEPS for domestic refrigerators/freezers, a new policy instrument, i.e. negotiated agreements by manufacturers, has been investigated and tested for two type of appliances: domestic washing machines and TVs and VCRs. Based on the positive experience of the above two agreements, other products (e.g. dryers, dishwasher, electric water heaters, etc.) will be the subject of future negotiated agreements. Based on the results of the two negotiated agreements, this paper describes the energy efficiency potential, the procedures, and the advantages and disadvantages of negotiated agreements compared to legislated mandatory for MEPS, as developed in the European context. The paper concludes that negotiated agreements are a viable policy option, which allow flexibility in the implementation of the efficiency targets and therefore the adoption of cost-effective solutions for manufacturers. In addition, negotiated agreements can be implemented more quickly compared to mandatory MEPS and they allow a closer monitoring of the results. The main question asked in the paper is whether the negotiated agreements can deliver the results in the long term compared to what could be achieved through legislation. The European experience indicates that this instrument can deliver the results and that it offer a number of advantages compared to MEPS.

  19. ISSUANCE 2015-08-19: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Intent to Establish the Dedicated Purpose Pool Pumps Working Group to Negotiate a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Intent to Establish the Dedicated Purpose Pool Pumps Working Group to Negotiate a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards

  20. Radial and Poloidal ExB Drifts in the Scrape-off Layers of a Divertor Tokamak: Effects on In/Out Asymmetries, Plasma detachment at the Targets, and Divertor Biasing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radial and Poloidal ExB Drifts in the Scrape-off Layers of a Divertor Tokamak: Effects on In/Out Asymmetries, Plasma detachment at the Targets, and Divertor Biasing

  1. 2014-08-07 Issuance: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC)- Manufactured Housing Working Group; Notice of Open Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of open meeting regarding the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC) - Manufactured Housing Working Group on August 7, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  2. April 30 Public Meeting: Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Building End-Use Equipment and Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These documents contain slide decks presented at the Physical Characterization of Smart and Grid-Connected Commercial and Residential Buildings End-Use Equipment and Appliances public meeting held on April 30, 2014. The first document includes the first presentation from the meeting: DOE Vision and Objectives. The second document includes all other presentations from the meeting: Terminology and Definitions; End-User and Grid Services; Physical Characterization Framework; Value, Benefits & Metrics.

  3. Characteristic Evolution and Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Winicour

    2005-12-08

    I review the development of numerical evolution codes for general relativity based upon the characteristic initial value problem. Progress is traced from the early stage of 1D feasibility studies to 2D axisymmetric codes that accurately simulate the oscillations and gravitational collapse of relativistic stars and to current 3D codes that provide pieces of a binary black spacetime. A prime application of characteristic evolution is to compute waveforms via Cauchy-characteristic matching, which is also reviewed.

  4. Special Engineer Detachment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effect Photovoltaics -7541C. TemperatureThousandNeutronTechnical Assistance

  5. Characteristic Evolution and Matching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeffrey Winicour

    2012-01-12

    I review the development of numerical evolution codes for general relativity based upon the characteristic initial value problem. Progress in characteristic evolution is traced from the early stage of 1D feasibility studies to 2D axisymmetric codes that accurately simulate the oscillations and gravitational collapse of relativistic stars and to current 3D codes that provide pieces of a binary black hole spacetime. Cauchy codes have now been successful at simulating all aspects of the binary black hole problem inside an artificially constructed outer boundary. A prime application of characteristic evolution is to extend such simulations to null infinity where the waveform from the binary inspiral and merger can be unambiguously computed. This has now been accomplished by Cauchy-characteristic extraction, where data for the characteristic evolution is supplied by Cauchy data on an extraction worldtube inside the artificial outer boundary. The ultimate application of characteristic evolution is to eliminate the role of this outer boundary by constructing a global solution via Cauchy-characteristic matching. Progress in this direction is discussed.

  6. Development and evolution of detachment faulting along 50 km of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge near 16.5N

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Deborah K.; Schouten, Hans; Dick, Henry; Cann, Joe; Salters, Vincent; Marschall, Horst R.; Ji, Fuwu; Yoerger, Dana; Sanfilippo, Alessio; Parnell-Turner, Ross; Palmiotto, Camilla; Zheleznov, Alexei; Bai, Hailong; Junkin, Will; Urann, Ben; Dick, Spencer; Sulanowska, Margaret; Lemmond, Peter; Curry, Scott

    2014-12-05

    [Smith et al., 2003] yielding a 119 6 remarkable average of about one earthquake (roughly > magnitude 2.5-3.0), every three days. 120 Based on seismicity rate and their interpretation of the morphology, Escartn et al. [2008] 121 concluded... to the volcanic axis, was interpreted as a newly emerging normal fault 101 forming a rafted block on top of the older West Ridge detachment fault. Seafloor photographs 102 from a camera tow near the top of East Ridge show steep fault scarps cutting pillow lavas...

  7. 2014-07-21 Issuance: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Adivsory Committee (ASRAC)- Manufactured Housing Working Group; Notice of Open Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Register notice of public meeting for the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC) - Manufactured Housing Working Group, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on July 21, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register ?publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  8. 2014-08-19 Issuance Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC)- Central Air Conditioner Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group; Notice of Open Meetings

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document is a pre-publication Federal Registe notice of open meetings regarding the Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC) - Central Air Conditioner Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group, as issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency on August 19, 2014. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between the document posted here and the document published in the Federal Register, the Federal Register publication controls. This document is being made available through the Internet solely as a means to facilitate the public's access to this document.

  9. Effectiveness of a dynein team in tug-of-war helped by reduced load-sensitivity of detachment: evidence from study of bidirectional endosome transport in Dictyostelium discoideum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhat, Deepak

    2012-01-01

    Bidirectional cargo transport by molecular motors in cells is a complex phenomenon, in which the cargo (usually a vesicle) alternately moves in retrograde and anterograde directions. In this case, teams of oppositely pulling motors (eg., kinesin and dynein) bind to the cargo simultaneously, and `coordinate' their activity such that the motion consists of spells of positively and negatively directed segments, separated by pauses of varying duration. A set of recent experiments have analyzed the bidirectional motion of endosomes in the amoeba D. discoideum in detail. It was found that in between directional switches, a team of 5-6 dyneins stall a cargo against a stronger kinesin in tug of war, which lasts for almost a second. As the mean detachment time of a kinesin under its stall load was also observed to be ~ 1s, we infer that the collective detachment time of the dynein assembly must also be similar. Here, we analyze this inference from a modeling perspective, using experimentally measured single-molecule p...

  10. Simulated Building Energy Performance of Single Family Detached Residences Designed for Off-Grid, Off-Pipe Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, M.; Haberl, J.

    2010-01-01

    energy resources and high energy use, which would be aimed for selecting energy-efficiency measures. Peak days hourly energy use plots include outdoor dry-bulb temperature, global horizontal solar radiation, room air temperature, and attic air.... Figure 1 shows climate characteristics of the three locations, including: TMY2 monthly statistics for heating degree-days, cooling degree-days, dry-bulb temperature, diurnal temperature range, dew- point temperature, global horizontal solar radiation...

  11. Characteristic (Version A)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Characteristic Solar AUV (Version A) Solar AUV (Version B) Depth 1000 m 1000 m Daily transit 30 m2 1.8 m2 Weight 90 kg 200 kg Figure 1 Solar Powered AUV Testbeds Solar Powered Autonomous Undersea that impact. Low cost, unmanned, long endurance mobile sampling systems are, in many cases, a desirable

  12. BVR{sub c}I{sub c} OBSERVATIONS AND ANALYSES OF THE DWARF DETACHED BINARY V1043 CASSIOPEIA AND A COMMENT ON PRECONTACT W UMa'S

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samec, R. G.; Smith, P. M.; Chamberlain, H. [Astronomy Group, Physics and Engineering Department, Bob Jones University, 1700 Wade Hampton Boulevard, Greenville, SC 29614 (United States); Faulkner, D. R. [Division of Math, Science, Nursing and Public Health, University of South Carolina, Lancaster, 476 Hubbard Drive, Lancaster, SC 29720 (United States); Van Hamme, W. [Physics Department, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th Street, Miami, FL 33199 (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Complete Bessel BVR{sub c}I{sub c} light curves of V1043 Cassiopeia [2MASS J00371195+5301324, Mis V1292, USNO-A2.0 1425-00875743, {alpha}(2000) = 00{sup h}37{sup m}11.{sup s}95, {delta}(2000) = +53 Degree-Sign 01'32.''5] are analyzed. The system is a member of the small group of pre-contact W UMa binaries (PCWBs). Its light curve has the appearance of an Algol (EA) light curve, however it is made up of dwarf solar type components in a detached mode with a period of only 0.6616 days. The analysis includes a period study, an improved ephemeris, a mass ratio search, and a simultaneous BVR{sub c}I{sub c} Wilson-Devinney solution. We document about 20 other PCWBs given in the literature. Several have RS CVn-like properties.

  13. Unplug appliances electrical shock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to drink, cook, or clean. Use fans, air conditioning units, and dehumidifiers for drying. For cleanup, wear

  14. Appliance and Equipment Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t yWaste |4 2014 AnnualDOE's Report to< Back Savings<

  15. Energy Star Appliances

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities EnergyU.S. DOE

  16. Wafer characteristics via reflectometry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sopori, Bhushan L. (Denver, CO)

    2010-10-19

    Various exemplary methods (800, 900, 1000, 1100) are directed to determining wafer thickness and/or wafer surface characteristics. An exemplary method (900) includes measuring reflectance of a wafer and comparing the measured reflectance to a calculated reflectance or a reflectance stored in a database. Another exemplary method (800) includes positioning a wafer on a reflecting support to extend a reflectance range. An exemplary device (200) has an input (210), analysis modules (222-228) and optionally a database (230). Various exemplary reflectometer chambers (1300, 1400) include radiation sources positioned at a first altitudinal angle (1308, 1408) and at a second altitudinal angle (1312, 1412). An exemplary method includes selecting radiation sources positioned at various altitudinal angles. An exemplary element (1650, 1850) includes a first aperture (1654, 1854) and a second aperture (1658, 1858) that can transmit reflected radiation to a fiber and an imager, respectfully.

  17. Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

    2013-04-01

    The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

  18. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3a. Appliances by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible...

  19. CBECS Buildings Characteristics --Revised Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Totals and Means of Floorspace, Number of Workers, and Hours of Operation, 1995 Building Characteristics RSE Column Factor: All Buildings (thousand) Total Floorspace (million...

  20. A Taxonomy of Usability Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabbard, Joseph L.

    A Taxonomy of Usability Characteristics in Virtual Environments Deliverable to Office of Naval This document can be found at http://csgrad.cs.vt.edu/jgabbard/ve/taxonomy/ #12;#12;A Taxonomy of Usability accomplished, yielding a comprehensive multi-dimensional taxonomy of usability characteristics specifically

  1. SEDIMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF Giardia intestinalis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Dave

    SEDIMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF Giardia intestinalis CYSTS--RELEVANCE TO STANDARD METHODS _________________________________ _________________________________ #12;iii SEDIMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF Giardia intestinalis CYSTS--RELEVANCE TO STANDARD METHODS OF DETECTION By David J. Thomas May 1993 I investigated the sedimentation time of Giardia intestinalis cysts

  2. Status Characteristics and Expectation States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Joseph; Cohen, Bernard P.; Zelditch, Morris Jr.

    2015-07-19

    -Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 STATUS CHARACTERISTICS AND EXPECTATION STATES* Joseph Berger Bernard P. Cohen Morris Zelditch, Jr. Research for this paper was conducted with the support of NSF grant #G23990? for investigation of authority...

  3. RESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    best available data, the energy liability as- sociated with providing the current levels of ventilationRESIDENTIAL VENTILATION AND ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS* Max Sherman Nance Matson Energy Performance of Buildings Group Energy and Environment Division Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory University of California

  4. GENERALIZED ORBIFOLD EULER CHARACTERISTIC OF ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-01-10

    orbifold Euler characteristic is always an integer, since (1-1) implies ?orb(M; G) = ...... by (h,t) permutes mr(c) elements {(?r,c,i,?r,c,i)}i for each [c] ? G? and r ? 1.

  5. System Design - Lessons Learned, Generic Concepts, Characteristics...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design - Lessons Learned, Generic Concepts, Characteristics & Impacts System Design - Lessons Learned, Generic Concepts, Characteristics & Impacts Presented at the DOE-DOD...

  6. Health Care Buildings : Basic Characteristics Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Basic Characteristics Tables Buildings and Size Data by Basic Characteristics for Health Care Buildings Number of Buildings (thousand) Percent of Buildings Floorspace (million...

  7. Persistence Characteristics of Stormwater BMPs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quantity Characteristics Base flow Median flow Dominant discharge Variability Memory #12;5 Water Quality 16 #12;Dry vs Wet Weather Water Quality (TON, Fecal Coli) Scatterplot of paired Fecal Coliform;21 Representation of Time Series Data Raw Data (table or file) Time series plot Simple statistics Cumulative

  8. BELLCOMM, INC. GEOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . . . . . . . . 4 2. LITTROW AREA. . . . . 9 3. ABULFEDA (CRATER CHAIN). . 13 4. HYGINUS CRATER AND RILLE of the Characteristics . Mobility Requirements . Expected Achievements . Conclusions. . 50 · 51 · 52 · 54 · 59 . . . 60 Landing Site for Hyginus Crater and Rille. . . . . . . Proposed Landing Site in the Littrow Area 12

  9. ISSUANCE 2015-07-31: Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Intent to Establish a Working Group for Certain Equipment Classes of Refrigeration Systems of Walk-in Coolers and Freezers to Negotiate a Notice of Proposed Rule

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee: Notice of Intent to Establish a Working Group for Certain Equipment Classes of Refrigeration Systems of Walk-in Coolers and Freezers to Negotiate a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) for Energy Conservation Standards

  10. Efficiency Maine Appliance Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Efficiency Maine offers rebates for the purchase of ENERGY STAR certified room air purifiers, clothes washers, and dehumidifiers. Purchases must be made between November 1, 2014 and June 30, 2015....

  11. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    use them efficiently. What's a Kilowatt? When you use electricity to power a 1000-watt vacuum for 1 hour, you use 1,000 watt-hours (1,000 Wh) of electricity One thousand...

  12. Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Testing procedures for energy efficiency not provided for in Rhode Island law or in the State Building Code may be adopted from the test methods approved by the U.S. Department of Energy, or in t...

  13. Appliance Standards and Building Codes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    states 30 states 10 states (total of 35) + IN, FL, SC, NC, NV, CT, AL, OH, VT, KY - ME, HI states that have adopted ASHRAE 90.1-2007 or equivalent 34 states 30 states 9 states...

  14. Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2007 the District of Columbia (D.C.) enacted legislation, entitled the Energy Efficiency Standards Act of 2007, which created efficiency standards for six products, four of which were...

  15. Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Connecticut enacted efficiency standards through legislative actions in 2004 and 2007 and 2011. This law covers the following products that have not been pre-empted by federal standards:...

  16. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeed forUnruh About Us Timothy Unruh - FEMPofTips:

  17. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchers at theAugust 1, 2013the New Funding AugustTipsThis

  18. Appliance Projects | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3AUDITLeslieAlgaeAnatomy of aoffor aDocumentation |HVAC,

  19. Tips: Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline of Events: 1938-1950 August

  20. LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHARACTERISTICS (SAMPLE LAB WRITEUP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeill, John A.

    1 LIGHT EMITTING DIODE CHARACTERISTICS (SAMPLE LAB WRITEUP) John A. McNeill ECE Box 000 January 19, 1997 ABSTRACT This lab investigates the V-I characteristic of a light-emitting diode (LED

  1. Characteristic hypersurfaces in a relativistic superfluid theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Linet

    1998-12-16

    By discussing the Cauchy problem, we determine the covariant equation of the characteristic hypersurfaces in a relativistic superfluid theory.

  2. Tier identification (TID) for tiered memory characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chang, Jichuan; Lim, Kevin T; Ranganathan, Parthasarathy

    2014-03-25

    A tier identification (TID) is to indicate a characteristic of a memory region associated with a virtual address in a tiered memory system. A thread may be serviced according to a first path based on the TID indicating a first characteristic. The thread may be serviced according to a second path based on the TID indicating a second characteristic.

  3. Doppler characteristics of sea clutter.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raynal, Ann Marie; Doerry, Armin Walter

    2010-06-01

    Doppler radars can distinguish targets from clutter if the target's velocity along the radar line of sight is beyond that of the clutter. Some targets of interest may have a Doppler shift similar to that of clutter. The nature of sea clutter is different in the clutter and exo-clutter regions. This behavior requires special consideration regarding where a radar can expect to find sea-clutter returns in Doppler space and what detection algorithms are most appropriate to help mitigate false alarms and increase probability of detection of a target. This paper studies the existing state-of-the-art in the understanding of Doppler characteristics of sea clutter and scattering from the ocean to better understand the design and performance choices of a radar in differentiating targets from clutter under prevailing sea conditions.

  4. Eliminating the Effects of a Status Characteristic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freese, Lee; Cohen, Bernard P

    2015-08-12

    ), and from the aggregation function proposed in the developing theory of status characteristics and expectation states (Berger et al. 1974; 1977)....

  5. NQA-1 Commercial Grade Dedication Critical Characteristics |...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Dedication Critical Characteristics May 5, 2015 Presenter: Randy P. Lanham, PE, CSP, Fire Protection Chief Engineer Consolidated Nuclear Solutions - Pantex, LLC Topics Covered:...

  6. Aerodynamic characteristics of seven symmetrical airfoil sections...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    180-degree angle of attack for use in aerodynamic analysis of vertical axis wind turbines Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Aerodynamic characteristics of seven...

  7. DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC ACCELERATION MODEL CHARACTERISTICS FOR SOLAR FLARES FROM RHESSI HARD X-RAY OBSERVATIONS Citation Details In-Document Search Title: DERIVATION OF STOCHASTIC...

  8. Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Report Number 303 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for Regional characteristics, tilt domains, and extensional history of the...

  9. The Inner Solar System Characteristics of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Frederick M.

    The Inner Solar System #12;The Earth #12;Characteristics of Earth A terrestrial, rocky planet floats on mantle Crust is created and destroyed #12;Characteristics of Earth Today Surface: 70% water 30% land Atmosphere: 77% N2 21% O2 0.1% H2O +Ar, CO2, Ne #12;The Dynamic Earth Molten Core

  10. COMPUTING CHARACTERISTIC CLASSES OF PROJECTIVE PAOLO ALUFFI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMPUTING CHARACTERISTIC CLASSES OF PROJECTIVE SCHEMES PAOLO ALUFFI Abstract. We discuss an algorithm computing the push-forward to projective space of several classes associated to a (possibly computing, among other things, the topological Euler characteristic of the support of a projective scheme

  11. Changes in precipitation characteristics and extremes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Richard P.

    Changes in precipitation characteristics and extremes Comparing Mediterranean to change Swiss characteristics Comparing Mediterranean to north-western European precipitation Master Thesis April 2012 Author precipitation 502) dvogel@student.ethz.ch Dr Richard Allan (University of Reading) Prof Dr Martin Wild (ETH

  12. Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Diesel Aerosol | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Physical Characteristics of Diesel Aerosol Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Diesel Aerosol 2002 DEER Conference Presentation: University of Minnesota...

  13. Market characteristics of future oil tanker operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willemann, Simmy Dhawan

    2014-01-01

    This work analyzes the market characteristics of future oil tanker operations with a particular emphasis on those aspects which will have a potential impact on the design of future vessels. The market analysis model used ...

  14. Future characteristics of Offshore Support Vessels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Robin Sebastian Koske

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to examine trends in Offshore Support Vessel (OSV) design and determine the future characteristics of OSVs based on industry insight and supply chain models. Specifically, this thesis focuses ...

  15. 1997 Housing Characteristics Tables Housing Unit Tables

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1997 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 1997 Household Income Below Poverty Line Eli- gible for Fed- eral Assist- ance 1 RSE Row Factors Less than 10,000...

  16. Contractual form, retail price and asset characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Andrea

    1991-01-01

    Predictions derived from a principal-agent analysis of the manufacturer-retailer relationship are derived and tested using microdata on contractual form, outlet characteristics and retail prices for gasoline stations in ...

  17. Total lightning characteristics of ordinary convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Motley, Shane Michael

    2009-06-02

    Twenty-two isolated, non-severe, warm season thunderstorms (ordinary thunderstorms) were examined to test possible correlations between three-dimensional lightning flash characteristics and the complex evolution of the ...

  18. Measuring value added characteristics in feeder cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathews, Crystal Dawn

    2009-05-15

    VALUE-ADDED CHARACTERISTICS IN FEEDER CATTLE A Thesis by CRYSTAL DAWN MATHEWS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 2007 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics MEASURING VALUE-ADDED CHARACTERISTICS IN FEEDER CATTLE A Thesis by CRYSTAL DAWN MATHEWS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University...

  19. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8a. Appliances by UrbanRural Location, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total UrbanRural Location 1 RSE Row Factors City Town...

  20. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2a. Appliances by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Year of Construction RSE Row Factors 1990 to 2001...

  1. appl_household2001.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0a. Appliances by Midwest Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Midwest Census Region RSE Row Factors Total...

  2. appl_household2001.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5a. Appliances by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Owner- Occupied Units Type of...

  3. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1a. Appliances by South Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. South Census Region RSE Row Factors Total...

  4. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9a. Appliances by Northeast Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Northeast Census Region RSE Row Factors...

  5. appl_household2001.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4a. Appliances by Type of Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Type of Housing Unit RSE Row Factors...

  6. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6a. Appliances by Type of Rented Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Rented Units Type of Rented Housing Unit...

  7. appl_household2001.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2a. Appliances by West Census Region, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Appliance Types and Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. West Census Region RSE Row Factors Total...

  8. Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resources - An Innovative Integrated Geological and Geophysical Investigation in Fish Lake Valley, Nevada Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on...

  9. Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperatur...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines Detailed Assessment of Particulate Characteristics from Low-Temperature Combustion Engines 2012...

  10. Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for Enhanced Combustion Experimental and Modeling Studies of the Characteristics of Liquid Biofuels for...

  11. Characteristics of seismic waves from Soviet peaceful nuclear...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Technical Report: Characteristics of seismic waves from Soviet peaceful nuclear explosions in salt Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Characteristics of seismic waves from...

  12. An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial Diesel Engine with Urea-SCR System An Experimental Study of PM Emission Characteristics of Commercial Diesel...

  13. Discovery and characteristics of the rapidly rotating active...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Discovery and characteristics of the rapidly rotating active asteroid (62412) 2000 SY178 in the main belt Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Discovery and characteristics...

  14. Oxidation characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI)...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine soot: Catalytic effects of ash and modified kinetic correlation Title Oxidation characteristics of gasoline...

  15. Analysis of engineering management characteristics employed in the defense industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutirrez, Sara S. (Sara Sofia Gutirrez Cervantes)

    2009-01-01

    An analysis of the engineering management characteristics present in companies in the defense industry was performed. These aspects include the organization characteristics of structure, hierarchy, and standards and ...

  16. Measurements of Smoke Characteristics in HVAC Ducts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolin, Steven D; Ryder, Noah L; Leprince, Frederic; Milke, James; Mowrer, Frederick; Torero, Jose L

    2001-01-01

    The characteristics of smoke traveling in an HVAC duct have been observed along with the response of selected duct smoke detectors. The simulated HVAC system consists of a 9 m long duct, 0.45 m in diameter. An exhaust fan is placed at one end...

  17. Communication Characteristics in the NAS Parallel Benchmarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Communication Characteristics in the NAS Parallel Benchmarks Ahmad Faraj Xin Yuan Department-- In this paper, we investigate the communication characteris- tics of the Message Passing Interface (MPI) implementation of the NAS parallel benchmarks and study the effectiveness of com- piled communication for MPI

  18. Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badrinath, B. R.

    Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson , Ashok Anand , Aditya Akella and Ming Zhang UW-Madison, Microsoft Research ABSTRACT As data centers become more and more central patterns in data center networks that can inform and help evaluate research and operational approaches. We

  19. Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (E. Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

    1982-01-01

    A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improves the strain characteristics of the wire.

  20. Superconducting wire with improved strain characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Luhman, Thomas (Westhampton Beach, NY); Klamut, Carl J. (East Patchogue, NY); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY); Welch, David (Stony Brook, NY)

    1982-01-01

    A superconducting wire comprising a superconducting filament and a beryllium strengthened bronze matrix in which the addition of beryllium to the matrix permits a low volume matrix to exhibit reduced elastic deformation after heat treating which increases the compression of the superconducting filament on cooling and thereby improve the strain characteristics of the wire.

  1. PressurePressure Indiana Coal Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernndez-Juricic, Esteban

    TimeTime PressurePressure Indiana Coal Characteristics Indiana Coals for Coke Coal Indiana Total Consumption Electricity 59,664 Coke 4,716 Industrial 3,493 Major Coal- red power plantsTransportation in Indiana Coal Slurry Ponds Evaluation Site Selection for Coal Gasification Coal-To-Liquids Study, CTL

  2. Painting surface characteristics Pierre Poulin Alain Fournier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montral, Universit de

    Painting surface characteristics Pierre Poulin Alain Fournier Dept. I.R.O. Dept. of Computer a painting paradigm. An interactive system is provided where the user simply applies color points the surface parameters by simply painting color points on a surface. Each color point is governed

  3. Forward and reverse characteristics of irradiated MOSFETs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paccagnella, A.; Ceschia, M.; Verzellesi, G.; Dalla Betta, G.F.; Soncini, G.; Bellutti, P.; Fuochi, P.G.

    1996-06-01

    pMOSFETs biased with V{sub gs} < V{sub gd} during Co{sup 60} {gamma} irradiation have shown substantial differences between the forward and reverse subthreshold characteristics, induced by a non-uniform charge distribution in the gate oxide. Correspondingly, modest differences have been observed in the over-threshold I-V characteristics. After irradiation, the forward subthreshold curves can shift at higher or lower gate voltages than the reverse ones. The former behavior has been observed in long-channel devices, in agreement with the classical MOS theory and numerical simulations. The latter result has been obtained in short-channel devices, and it has been correlated to a parasitic punch-through conduction mechanism.

  4. Measuring spatial variability in soil characteristics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hoskinson, Reed L. (Rigby, ID); Svoboda, John M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Sawyer, J. Wayne (Hampton, VA); Hess, John R. (Ashton, ID); Hess, J. Richard (Idaho Falls, ID)

    2002-01-01

    The present invention provides systems and methods for measuring a load force associated with pulling a farm implement through soil that is used to generate a spatially variable map that represents the spatial variability of the physical characteristics of the soil. An instrumented hitch pin configured to measure a load force is provided that measures the load force generated by a farm implement when the farm implement is connected with a tractor and pulled through or across soil. Each time a load force is measured, a global positioning system identifies the location of the measurement. This data is stored and analyzed to generate a spatially variable map of the soil. This map is representative of the physical characteristics of the soil, which are inferred from the magnitude of the load force.

  5. Quality characteristics of young bovine carcasses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellinger, John Wayne

    1978-01-01

    ) May 1978 442834 1 1. 1 ABSTRACT Quality Characteristics of Young Bovine Carcasses. (May 1978) John Wayne Bellinger B. S. , Texas A&M University Co-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. G C. Smith Dr Z. L. Carpenter A total of 305 carcasses... longissimus muscle steaks. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author greatly appreciates the encouragement and inspiration given by Drs. G. C. Smith and Z. L. Carpenter throughout his coursework and research. Their guidance and suggestions will always be remembered...

  6. Aerosol collection characteristics of ambient aerosol samplers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Carlos A

    1978-01-01

    when the sampler is not in operation, both as functions of particle size and wind speed. Wind velocity was a major cause of bias for the four samplers when collecting aerosol particles & 10 um. Characteristic curves were very similar for the 0. 38 m... x 0. 38 m ( 15" x 15") Hi-Vol and the 0. 29 m x 0. 36 m (11&" x 14") Hi-Vol. At 28 um and wind speeds of 2, 8, and 24 km/hr, sampling effectiveness values respectively were 70, 43, and 43 percent for the 0. 38 m x 0. 38 m Hi-Vol and 81, 56, and 43...

  7. Coal-water slurry atomization characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caton, J.A.; Kihm, K.D.

    1994-04-01

    The overall objective of this work was to fully characterize the CWS fuel sprays of a medium-speed diesel engine injection system. Specifically, the spray plume penetration as a function of time was determined for a positive-displacement fuel injection system. The penetration was determined as a function of orifice diameter, coal loading, gas density in the engine, and fuel line pressure. Preliminary droplet information also was obtained. The results of this study will assist CWS engine development by providing much needed insight about the fuel spray. In addition, the results will aid the development and use of CWS engine cycle simulations which require information on the fuel spray characteristics.

  8. Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003 - Major Characteristics

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYear JanNewMajor Characteristics of All Commercial Buildings

  9. Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions Compliant Passenger Car Performance Characteristics of Coal-to-Liquids (CTL) Diesel in a 50-State Emissions...

  10. Fact #800: October 21, 2013 Characteristics of New Light Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: October 21, 2013 Characteristics of New Light Vehicles over Time Fact 800: October 21, 2013 Characteristics of New Light Vehicles over Time From model years 1980 to 2012, there...

  11. Utilizing flow characteristics to increase performance in swimming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Machtsiras, Georgios

    2013-07-05

    Performance when gliding in the streamlined position depends on a swimmers morphological characteristics, body orientation and water characteristics. The purpose of this thesis was twofold. First to identify and assess ...

  12. Soil Hydraulic Characteristics of a Small Southwest Oregon Watershed Following

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    --------------------------------------------- Soil Hydraulic Characteristics of a Small Southwest by a high-intensity burn over areas of steep topography. The areal distribution of soil hydraulic of infiltration capacity, saturated hydraulic conductivity, and soil moisture characteristics. Also, measures

  13. The Precipitation Characteristics of ISCCP Tropical Weather States DONGMIN LEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, In-Sik

    The Precipitation Characteristics of ISCCP Tropical Weather States DONGMIN LEE GESTAR, University The authors examine the daytime precipitation characteristics of the International Satellite Cloud Climatology precipitation dataset used is the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Multisatellite Precipitation

  14. Ris-R-1472(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ris-R-1472(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Contents of Database Bank, revision I Gunner C on Wind Characteristics Contents of the database, revision I Abstract The main objective of IEA R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind Characteristics - has been to provide wind energy planners, designers

  15. Ris-R-1473(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ris-R-1473(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Analyses of Wind Turbine Design Loads Gunner C R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind #12;IEA Annex XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics Analyses of W Characteristics - has been to provide wind energy planners, designers and researchers, as well

  16. Ris-R-1301(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ris-R-1301(EN) Database on Wind Characteristics Contents of Database Bank Gunner C. Larsen Ris XVII, Database on Wind Characteristics - Contents of the database Abstract The main objective of IEA R&D Wind Annex XVII - Database on Wind Characteristics - is to provide wind energy planners and designers

  17. Characteristics of transverse waves in chromospheric mottles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuridze, D.; Mathioudakis, M.; Jess, D. B.; Keenan, F. P. [Astrophysics Research Center, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Verth, G.; Erdlyi, R. [Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC), University of Sheffield, Hicks Building, Hounsfield Road, Sheffield S3 7RH (United Kingdom); Morton, R. J. [Mathematics and Information Science, Northumbria University, Camden Street, Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 8ST (United Kingdom); Christian, D. J., E-mail: dkuridze01@qub.ac.uk [Department of Physics and Astronomy, California State University, Northridge, CA 91330 (United States)

    2013-12-10

    Using data obtained by the high temporal and spatial resolution Rapid Oscillations in the Solar Atmosphere instrument on the Dunn Solar Telescope, we investigate at an unprecedented level of detail transverse oscillations in chromospheric fine structures near the solar disk center. The oscillations are interpreted in terms of propagating and standing magnetohydrodynamic kink waves. Wave characteristics including the maximum transverse velocity amplitude and the phase speed are measured as a function of distance along the structure's length. Solar magnetoseismology is applied to these measured parameters to obtain diagnostic information on key plasma parameters (e.g., magnetic field, density, temperature, flow speed) of these localized waveguides. The magnetic field strength of the mottle along the ?2 Mm length is found to decrease by a factor of 12, while the local plasma density scale height is ?280 80 km.

  18. Gas sensor with attenuated drift characteristic

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chen, Ing-Shin (Danbury, CT) [Danbury, CT; Chen, Philip S. H. (Bethel, CT) [Bethel, CT; Neuner, Jeffrey W. (Bethel, CT) [Bethel, CT; Welch, James (Fairfield, CT) [Fairfield, CT; Hendrix, Bryan (Danbury, CT) [Danbury, CT; Dimeo, Jr., Frank [Danbury, CT

    2008-05-13

    A sensor with an attenuated drift characteristic, including a layer structure in which a sensing layer has a layer of diffusional barrier material on at least one of its faces. The sensor may for example be constituted as a hydrogen gas sensor including a palladium/yttrium layer structure formed on a micro-hotplate base, with a chromium barrier layer between the yttrium layer and the micro-hotplate, and with a tantalum barrier layer between the yttrium layer and an overlying palladium protective layer. The gas sensor is useful for detection of a target gas in environments susceptible to generation or incursion of such gas, and achieves substantial (e.g., >90%) reduction of signal drift from the gas sensor in extended operation, relative to a corresponding gas sensor lacking the diffusional barrier structure of the invention

  19. Droplet migration characteristics in confined oscillatory microflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhury, Kaustav; Chakraborty, Suman

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the migration characteristics of a droplet in an oscillatory flow field in a parallel plate micro-confinement. Using phase filed formalism, we capture the dynamical evolution of the droplet over a wide range of the frequency of the imposed oscillation in the flow field, drop size relative to the channel gap, and the capillary number. The latter two factors imply the contribution of droplet deformability, commonly considered in the study of droplet migration under steady shear flow conditions. We show that the imposed oscillation brings in additional time complexity in the droplet movement, realized through temporally varying drop-shape, flow direction and the inertial response of the droplet. As a consequence, we observe a spatially complicated pathway of the droplet along the transverse direction, in sharp contrast to the smooth migration under a similar yet steady shear flow condition. Intuitively, the longitudinal component of the droplet movement is in tandem with the flow continuity and evolve...

  20. Tips: Kitchen Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About Us Shirley AnnResources Technical ofThe InsideDepartmentThriftKitchen

  1. Tips: Smart Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About Us Shirley AnnResources Technical ofTheLaundry Tips: Laundry SaveSealing

  2. Attendees: John Cymbalsky, Equipment and Appliance Standards...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the input power quality of the LED Driver satisfied strict power factor and total harmonic distortion requirements. The second stage provides power to the LED light engine in a...

  3. Retrospective Evaluation of Appliance Price Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Larry

    2010-01-01

    pattern in the table is that prices rise as units increaseproduct cost and retail price. Table 3. Regression resultsanalysis. In Table 4, we have assumed that price is a linear

  4. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    DC/AC-Hybrid) LED AC LED Power (W) Figure 8. Efficacywith the same power consumption. For LEDs, the improvementLED light-emitting diode viii lumen a measure of the power

  5. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    heat-pump heating, both of which have 1.5 ton (18,000 Btu/hr) cooling capacities and are marketed for PV

  6. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Electric Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters Color TelevisionsSecurity Systems Solar Water Heaters Spas See standby/lowGeothermal Heat Pumps Solar Water Heaters Electric Heat

  7. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Interaction with Utility TED AlertMe Yes Yes ZigBee*/Internet ZigBee/Internet Blue Line PowerCost Yes Wi-Fi100 Only through utilities ZigBee/ Wi-Fi Monitoring/Remote

  8. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    mainly fluorescent and LED lighting and DC ceiling fans. TheFluorescent, CFL Lighting systems: LED Fluorescent and CFLlamps CFL lamps LED lamp CFL floodlight Lighting systems:

  9. Incorporating Experience Curves in Appliance Standards Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit

    2012-01-01

    Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps (Advanced Notice of ProposedCentral Air Conditioners, Heat Pumps, and Furnaces (Directair conditioners and heat pumps, furnaces, refrigerators and

  10. Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Advisory Committee Charter. asraccharter032715.pdf More Documents & Publications Methane Hydrate Advisory Committee Charter Electricity Advisory Committee, U.S. Department of...

  11. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Other Electric Water Heaters Solar Water Heaters ColorSecurity Systems Solar Water Heaters Spas See standby/lowGeothermal Heat Pumps Solar Water Heaters Electric Heat

  12. DRAFT PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO APPLIANCE EFFICIENCY REGULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Section 1602(l). (4) designed exclusively to be connected to distribution and transmission lines of peak, contractors and subcontractors make no warrant, express or implied, and assume no legal liability and then changes the electric lighting level in response to the daylight changes. "Automatic time switch control

  13. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    of these advanced batteries in renewable energy systembatteries, charge controllers, ground fault protectors, as well as additional wiring labor, can increase considerably the cost of renewable

  14. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    sited renewable energy market for the foreseeable future. Inup renewable energy systems increases in the future, chargerenewable energy sources [5]. If direct-DC has a future in

  15. Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    pm (EDT), https:attendee.gotowebinar.comregister8831742855231072001 * August 13, 2015 (Webinar Only), 2:00 pm to 4:00 pm (EDT), https:attendee.gotowebinar.comregister...

  16. Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Central Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps Working Group is an action issued by the Department of Energy. Though it is not intended or expected, should any discrepancy occur between...

  17. Characterization of commercial building appliances. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patel, R.F.; Teagan, P.W.; Dieckmann, J.T.

    1993-08-01

    This study focuses on ``other`` end-uses category. The purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance of energy end-use functions other than HVAC and lighting for commercial buildings, and to identify general avenues and approaches for energy use reduction. Specific energy consuming technologies addressed include non-HVAC and lighting technologies in commercial buildings with significant energy use to warrant detailed analyses. The end-uses include office equipment, refrigeration, water heating, cooking, vending machines, water coolers, laundry equipment and electronics other than office equipment. The building types include offices, retail, restaurants, schools, hospitals, hotels/motels, grocery stores, and warehouses.

  18. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    direct-DC. The timing of EV charging relative to PV outputadded a hypothetical EV charging load. The EV load could bewith building loads. EV charging standards [26, 27

  19. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    battery storage.grid, the cost of battery storage per unit of load servedalong with 22 kWh of battery storage. This study claims only

  20. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    45]. Home Power magazines 2010 Wind Generator Buyers guide2010 Wind Generator buyer's guide. Home Power Magazine,

  1. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    5V DC USB power from wall sockets. .. 52 viprovides 5V DC USB power from wall sockets. Reproduced withPower over Ethernet 51 Universal Serial Bus Wall

  2. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    but also include electricity storage. Storage will bea net-metered PV system, electricity storage and an optionalTypical Operation: Electricity storage systems for grid-

  3. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    design, (b) urban microturbines designed by AeroVironment [45]. Home Power magazines 2010 Wind Generator

  4. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Manufacturers and prices of small wind turbines designed forManufacturers and prices of small wind turbines designed forTreehugger. 10 Small-Scale Wind Turbines Cut NYC Apartment

  5. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    wind turbines. ..Treehugger. 10 Small-Scale Wind Turbines Cut NYC Apartmentfiles/2009/01/small-scale-wind- turbines-cut-apartment-

  6. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Energy Efficiency Ratio: An instantaneous measure of air conditioningenergy efficiency, especially with large power users like air conditioningair-conditioning 48V http://www.austinsales.net/products/solcool/index.ht ml Energy Efficiency

  7. Appliance Efficiency Standards and Price Discrimination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spurlock, Cecily Anna

    2013-05-08

    I explore the effects of two simultaneous changes in minimum energy efficiency and ENERGY STAR standards for clothes washers. Adapting the Mussa and Rosen (1978) and Ronnen (1991) second-degree price discrimination model, I demonstrate that clothes washer prices and menus adjusted to the new standards in patterns consistent with a market in which firms had been price discriminating. In particular, I show evidence of discontinuous price drops at the time the standards were imposed, driven largely by mid-low efficiency segments of the market. The price discrimination model predicts this result. On the other hand, in a perfectly competition market, prices should increase for these market segments. Additionally, new models proliferated in the highest efficiency market segment following the standard changes. Finally, I show that firms appeared to use different adaptation strategies at the two instances of the standards changing.

  8. Department of Energy Opens Appliance Standards Investigation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    that it has opened an investigation to determine whether certain air conditioners and heat pump products manufactured by Air Con International comply with federal energy...

  9. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    CA. Sherwood, L. , U.S. Solar Market Trends 2009, 2010,uploads/2010/07/IREC-Solar-Market-Trends-Report- 2010_7-27-Industries Association, U.S. Solar Market Insight(TM): 2010

  10. Appliance Equipment Standards Northwest Impact Study

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (2) Automatic Ice Makers; (3) Commercial Water Heaters; (4) Ranges and Ovens; (5) Vending Machines; (6) Pool Heaters; (7) Small electric motors; (8) Residential Central Air...

  11. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    markets for decades, offering proof of their capacity to deliver energy services for all major electricity

  12. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    similarly to an uninterruptible power supply. Lifetime:utility coupled with uninterruptible power requirements forloads serviced by DC uninterruptible power supplies in data

  13. Energy Department Issues New Appliance Efficiency Standards ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and heating equipment; commercial refrigerators, freezers, and refrigerator-freezers; automatic commercial ice makers; and commercial clothes washers. The Department of Energy...

  14. Tips: Kitchen Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    uses 3-7 gallons of hot water each use. Let your dishes air dry; if you don't have an automatic air-dry switch, turn off the control knob after the final rinse and prop the door...

  15. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Barbose, G. , et al. , Tracking the Sun IV: An HistoricalDarghouth, and R Wiser, Tracking the Sun III: The Installedthe more important tracking the sun becomes. Electronic

  16. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    produce a DC-compatible dishwasher that uses 51% less energyCooking Equipments Dishwashers Lighting Electric Other Waterby end-Use ( TWh) Dishwashers DVDs/VCRs DVDs/VCRs Freezers

  17. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    AEE Solar. 2010 Renewable Energy Design Guide and Catalog.2009, 2010, Interstate Renewable Energy Council. RetrievedDC) generated by on-site renewable energy systems in its DC

  18. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    small-scale-wind- turbines-cut-apartment-building-10 Small-Scale Wind Turbines Cut NYC Apartment Buildings

  19. Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garbesi, Karina

    2012-01-01

    Manufacturers and prices of small wind turbines designed forManufacturers and prices of small wind turbines designed for

  20. Federal Appliance Standards | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n cEnergyNaturaldefinesMay 4,of EnergyFaultNA NA NA NAIndustrial

  1. Appliance Standards Resources | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t yWaste |4 2014 AnnualDOE's Report to CongressB: 2 |1

  2. Appliance Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t yWaste |4 2014 AnnualDOE's Report to Congress onJohn<

  3. Hydrogen Generator Appliance | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancingR Walls -Hydro-Pac Inc., AEquipmentp HydrogenFunding and

  4. Appliances and Electronics | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of Energy Facilities By E-mail: You can send an email to theCheckChoose

  5. Tips: Shopping for Appliances | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchers at theAugust 1, 2013the NewKeepWhat's the real

  6. Appliance Standards Awareness Project | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3AUDITLeslieAlgaeAnatomy of aoffor aDocumentationand

  7. Tips: Kitchen Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline of Events: 1938-1950Insulation Tips:Kitchen

  8. Tips: Smart Appliances | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950 Timeline of Events:

  9. Appliances & Electronics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle ReplacementStates andMeasuresAnnualScience &

  10. Appliances and Electronics | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center HomeVehicle ReplacementStates andMeasuresAnnualScience &Energy

  11. Appliances and Commercial Equipment Standards: Guidance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergy Webinar:I Due Date Adv.AlisonEnergy Report for.of

  12. Leaching Characteristics of Hanford Ferrocyanide Wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Matthew K.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.

    2009-12-21

    A series of leach tests were performed on actual Hanford Site tank wastes in support of the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The samples were targeted composite slurries of high-level tank waste materials representing major complex, radioactive, tank waste mixtures at the Hanford Site. Using a filtration/leaching apparatus, sample solids were concentrated, caustic leached, and washed under conditions representative of those planned for the Pretreatment Facility in the WTP. Caustic leaching was performed to assess the mobilization of aluminum (as gibbsite, Al[OH]3, and boehmite AlO[OH]), phosphates [PO43-], chromium [Cr3+] and, to a lesser extent, oxalates [C2O42-]). Ferrocyanide waste released the solid phase 137Cs during caustic leaching; this was antithetical to the other Hanford waste types studied. Previous testing on ferrocyanide tank waste focused on the aging of the ferrocyanide salt complex and its thermal compatibilities with nitrites and nitrates. Few studies, however, examined cesium mobilization in the waste. Careful consideration should be given to the pretreatment of ferrocyanide wastes in light of this new observed behavior, given the fact that previous testing on simulants indicates a vastly different cesium mobility in this waste form. The discourse of this work will address the overall ferrocyanide leaching characteristics as well as the behavior of the 137Cs during leaching.

  13. Foaming characteristics of refigerant/lubricant mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, D.Y.; Shah, D.O.; Jotshi, C.K.; Bhagwat, S.; Leung, M.; Gregory, A.

    1997-04-01

    The air-conditioning and refrigeration industry has moved to HFC refrigerants which have zero ozone depletion and low global warming potential due to regulations on CFC and HCFC refrigerants and concerns for the environment. The change in refrigerants has prompted the switch from mineral oil and alkylbenzene lubricants to polyolester-based lubricants. This change has also brought about a desire for lubricant, refrigerant and compressor manufacturers to understand the foaming properties of alternative refrigerant/ lubricant mixtures, as well as the mechanisms which affect these properties. The objectives of this investigation are to experimentally determine the foaming absorption and desorption rates of HFC and blended refrigerants in polyolester lubricant and to define the characteristics of the foam formed when the refrigerant leaves the refrigerant/ lubricant mixture after being exposed to a pressure drop. The refrigerants being examined include baseline refrigerants: CFC-12 (R-12) and HCFC-22 (R-22); alternative refrigerants: HFC-32 (R-32), R-125, R-134a, and R-143a; and blended refrigerants: R-404A, R-407C, and R-410A. The baseline refrigerants are tested with ISO 32 (Witco 3GS) and ISO 68 (4GS) mineral oils while the alternative and blended refrigerants are tested with two ISO 68 polyolesters (Witco SL68 and ICI RL68H).

  14. The Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents and their computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charalampos Skokos

    2009-01-26

    We present a survey of the theory of the Lyapunov Characteristic Exponents (LCEs) for dynamical systems, as well as of the numerical techniques developed for the computation of the maximal, of few and of all of them. After some historical notes on the first attempts for the numerical evaluation of LCEs, we discuss in detail the multiplicative ergodic theorem of Oseledec \\cite{O_68}, which provides the theoretical basis for the computation of the LCEs. Then, we analyze the algorithm for the computation of the maximal LCE, whose value has been extensively used as an indicator of chaos, and the algorithm of the so--called `standard method', developed by Benettin et al. \\cite{BGGS_80b}, for the computation of many LCEs. We also consider different discrete and continuous methods for computing the LCEs based on the QR or the singular value decomposition techniques. Although, we are mainly interested in finite--dimensional conservative systems, i. e. autonomous Hamiltonian systems and symplectic maps, we also briefly refer to the evaluation of LCEs of dissipative systems and time series. The relation of two chaos detection techniques, namely the fast Lyapunov indicator (FLI) and the generalized alignment index (GALI), to the computation of the LCEs is also discussed.

  15. CHARACTERISTICS OF RANGE HOODS IN CALIFORNIA HOMES DATA COLLECTED FROM A REAL ESTATE WEB SITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klug, Victoria; Singer, Brett; Bedrosian, Tod; DCruz, Chris

    2011-09-02

    Venting range hoods are important residential ventilation components that remove pollutants generated by cooking activities and natural gas cooking burners. To address the lack of data on range hood installations in California, we conducted a survey by examining photographs of homes for sale or rent listed on a popular real estate web site. The survey was conducted in November 2010 and AprilMay 2011. Posted photos of the homes were reviewed to determine if a hood was installed, the type of hood, and two installation details that can impact performance, namely the height above the cooktop and the degree to which the hood covers the cooktop burners. We additionally collected information about the homes, including asking price for purchase or rent, type of building (e.g. detached house, townhouse or apartment), building age, floor area, and cooktop fuel type. Listings were first sampled to focus on homes built since 2005, then randomly sampled to include varied prices and locations around the state. Data were obtained for 1002 homes built between 1865 and 2011 (median year built 1989). Homes for sale varied in asking price from $16,000 to $16,500,000 (median $353,000) and homes for rent varied from $500 to $25,000 (median $2125) per month. Approximately 74% of the sample had natural gas cooktops. In this sample, natural gas cooktops were more prevalent in more expensive homes than in less expensive homes. Across the entire sample, 7.4 % appeared to have no hood installed, 33% had a short hood, 13% had a deep hood and 47% had a microwave over the range. The percentage of these hoods that vent to the outdoors could not be determined. Hood type was related to coverage of the cooktop. For deep hoods, 76% appeared to cover most or all of the cooktop burners. For short hoods, 70% covered about three quarters of the cooktop. And for microwaves the vast majority (96%) covered the back burners but not the front burners. Hood type was also correlated with asking price or monthly rent, with deep hoods most common in the most expensive homes. Hood type was also correlated with home age, with microwave hoods more common in newer homes. Installation height was related to device type with microwaves installed lower (closer) to the cooktop (median 18 inches), and short hoods (median 28 inches) and deep hoods (median 30 inches) installed higher. Deep range hoods are more common with natural gas cooktops than with electric cooktops, and slightly fewer homes with natural gas cooktops lack a range hood (7%) than homes with electric cooktops (9%). This study provides limited but useful information about the characteristics of range hoods in California homes and demonstrates the potential value of non-traditional forms of data collection.

  16. Sooting characteristics of surrogates for jet fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mensch, Amy; Santoro, Robert J.; Litzinger, Thomas A. [Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, and The Propulsion Engineering Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Lee, S.-Y. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931 (United States)

    2010-06-15

    Currently, modeling the combustion of aviation fuels, such as JP-8 and JetA, is not feasible due to the complexity and compositional variation of these practical fuels. Surrogate fuel mixtures, composed of a few pure hydrocarbon compounds, are a key step toward modeling the combustion of practical aviation fuels. For the surrogate to simulate the practical fuel, the composition must be designed to reproduce certain pre-designated chemical parameters such as sooting tendency, H/C ratio, autoignition, as well as physical parameters such as boiling range and density. In this study, we focused only on the sooting characteristics based on the Threshold Soot Index (TSI). New measurements of TSI values derived from the smoke point along with other sooting tendency data from the literature have been combined to develop a set of recommended TSI values for pure compounds used to make surrogate mixtures. When formulating the surrogate fuel mixtures, the TSI values of the components are used to predict the TSI of the mixture. To verify the empirical mixture rule for TSI, the TSI values of several binary mixtures of candidate surrogate components were measured. Binary mixtures were also used to derive a TSI for iso-cetane, which had not previously been measured, and to verify the TSI for 1-methylnaphthalene, which had a low smoke point and large relative uncertainty as a pure compound. Lastly, surrogate mixtures containing three components were tested to see how well the measured TSI values matched the predicted values, and to demonstrate that a target value for TSI can be maintained using various components, while also holding the H/C ratio constant. (author)

  17. Buildings and Energy in the 1980's (TABLES)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    in Residential Buildings, 1984 End Uses RSE Row Fac- tors All End Uses Space Heating Water Heating Air Conditioning Appliances Building Characteristics Buildings (thou- sand)...

  18. Buildings and Energy in the 1980's (TABLES)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    in Residential Buildings, 1987 End Uses RSE Row Fac- tors All End Uses Space Heating Water Heating Air Conditioning Appliances Building Characteristics Buildings (thou- sand)...

  19. Buildings and Energy in the 1980's (TABLES)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1982 End Uses RSE Row Fac- tors All End Uses Space Heating Water Heating Air Conditioning Appliances Building Characteristics Buildings (thou- sand) Consump- tion...

  20. Buildings and Energy in the 1980's (TABLES)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1980 End Uses RSE Row Fac- tors All End Uses Space Heating Water Heating Air Conditioning Appliances Building Characteristics Buildings (thou- sand) Consump- tion...

  1. Buildings and Energy in the 1980's (TABLES)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1981 End Uses RSE Row Fac- tors All End Uses Space Heating Water Heating Air Conditioning Appliances Building Characteristics Buildings (thou- sand) Consump- tion...

  2. Basis for the US Modern Grid Strategy - A Changing World

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Support Remedial Action Schemes Flow Control Devices Aggregation of DG for peaking Microgrids Demand-Side Management Grid-Friendly Appliances The seven functional characteristics...

  3. Industrial structures : an analysis and transformation of their formal characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strub, Damon

    1988-01-01

    Industrial structures such as blast furnaces, oil refineries, gravel crushers etc. are often beautiful and fascinating. Furthermore, they exemplify certain formal and organizational characteristics which could be incorporated ...

  4. Measurement Of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector Characteristics...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Measurement Of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector Characteristics Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Measurement Of Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) Detector...

  5. Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Role of borehole geophysics in defining the physical characteristics of the Raft River geothermal reservoir, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  6. Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east flank...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Christenson, B. W.; Kennedy, B. M.; Adams, M. C.; Bjornstad, S. C.; Buck, C. . 182007. Chemical and isotopic characteristics of the coso east flank hydrothermal fluids:...

  7. Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Measure physical characteristics, carbon state, and surface bound oxygen of soot from biodiesel blends. deer08strzelec.pdf More Documents & Publications Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels:...

  8. Combined Field Integral Equation Based Theory of Characteristic Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qi I. Dai; Qin S. Liu; Hui Gan; Weng Cho Chew

    2015-03-04

    Conventional electric field integral equation based theory is susceptible to the spurious internal resonance problem when the characteristic modes of closed perfectly conducting objects are computed iteratively. In this paper, we present a combined field integral equation based theory to remove the difficulty of internal resonances in characteristic mode analysis. The electric and magnetic field integral operators are shown to share a common set of non-trivial characteristic pairs (values and modes), leading to a generalized eigenvalue problem which is immune to the internal resonance corruption. Numerical results are presented to validate the proposed formulation. This work may offer efficient solutions to characteristic mode analysis which involves electrically large closed surfaces.

  9. Chemical and light-stable isotope characteristics of waters from...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chemical and light-stable isotope characteristics of waters from the raft river geothermal area and environs, Cassia County, Idaho, Box Elder county, Utah Jump to: navigation,...

  10. Mechanical Characteristics of Composite Knitted Stents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tokuda, Takanori, E-mail: tkdtknr@gmail.com; Shomura, Yuzo; Tanigawa, Noboru; Kariya, Shuji [Kansai Medical University Hirakata Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Komemushi, Atsushi [Kansai Medical University Takii Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Kojima, Hiroyuki; Sawada, Satoshi [Kansai Medical University Hirakata Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2009-09-15

    We used metal wires and fibers to fabricate a composite knitted stent and then compare the mechanical characteristics of this stent with those of a pure metallic stent of the same construction in order to develop a stent that offers a comparable degree of expandability as metallic stents but can be used for highly curved lesions that cannot be treated using metallic stents. We fabricated two types of composite knitted stent (N-Z stents), using nitinol wire with a diameter of 0.12 mm and polypara-phenylene-benzobisoxazole (PBO) multifilament fiber (Zyron AS; Toyobo, Osaka, Japan). Stents were knitted into a cylindrical shape using the same textile pattern as a Strecker stent. Two loop lengths (L) of nitinol wire were used in the N-Z stents: L = 1.84 mm (N-Z stent L = 1.84) and L = 2.08 mm (N-Z stent L = 2.08). For the sake of comparison, we fabricated a metallic stent of nitinol using the same textile pattern (N-N stent L = 1.92). We applied a radial compression force diametrically to each stent and applied a bending force diametrically at the free end of a stent with one end fixed in order to evaluate the relationship between stent elasticity and load values. In addition, we macroscopically evaluated the generation of kinks when the stent was bent 180{sup o}. The radial compressive force when the stent diameter was reduced by 53% was 6.44 N in the case of N-Z stent L = 1.84, 6.14 N in the case of N-Z stent L = 2.08, and 4.96 N in the case of N-N stent L = 1.92 mm. The composite stent had a radial compressive force higher than that of a metallic stent. The restoring force to longitudinal direction at a 90{sup o} bending angle was 0.005 N for N-Z stent L = 1.84, 0.003 N for N-Z stent L = 2.08, and 0.034 N for N-N stent L = 1.92. The restoring force of the composite stent was significantly lower. Finally, the composite stent generated no definitive kinks at a bending angle of 180{sup o}, regardless of loop length. However, the N-N stent clearly produced kinks, causing blockage of the inner cavity. In conclusion, the use of a metal and fiber composite in the construction of a knitted stent ensures an expansion performance comparable to that of metallic stents, while providing better kink resistance.

  11. Predicting Panel Ratings for Semantic Characteristics of Lung Nodules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    Predicting Panel Ratings for Semantic Characteristics of Lung Nodules Dmitriy Zinovev De@cdm.depaul.edu ABSTRACT In reading CT scans with potentially malignant lung nodules, radiologists make use of high level a second opinion - predicting these semantic characteristics for lung nodules. In our previous work, we

  12. The social influence factor: Impact of online product review characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    The social influence factor: Impact of online product review characteristics on consumer purchasing of reviews and consumer purchasing decisions. The impact of online consumer reviews on consumer purchasing. The research challenge therefore entails review function characteristics and its impact on consumer purchasing

  13. Spectral characteristics of single and coupled microresonator lasers comprising a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cunningham, Brian

    Spectral characteristics of single and coupled microresonator lasers comprising a replica-molded introduced defect (2 section removed) have been examined with respect to the output spectrum, pump energy of intentionally introduced defects or coupled arrays of resonators to control the characteristics of microla- sers

  14. Best Entry Points for Structured Document Retrieval Part I: Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lalmas, Mounia

    Best Entry Points for Structured Document Retrieval Part I: Characteristics Jane Reida , Mounia documents. This paper examines the concept of best entry points, which are document components from which investigates the basic characteristics of best entry points. Keywords: Structured document retrieval, focussed

  15. The Nevada railroad system: Physical, operational, and accident characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-09-01

    This report provides a description of the operational and physical characteristics of the Nevada railroad system. To understand the dynamics of the rail system, one must consider the system`s physical characteristics, routing, uses, interactions with other systems, and unique operational characteristics, if any. This report is presented in two parts. The first part is a narrative description of all mainlines and major branchlines of the Nevada railroad system. Each Nevada rail route is described, including the route`s physical characteristics, traffic type and volume, track conditions, and history. The second part of this study provides a more detailed analysis of Nevada railroad accident characteristics than was presented in the Preliminary Nevada Transportation Accident Characterization Study (DOE, 1990).

  16. The paths and characteristics of real estate entrepreneurs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazmierski, Michael (Michael Anthony)

    2008-01-01

    What paths have real estate entrepreneurs taken to establish their own firm? Also, what characteristics did they develop and utilize in the process? This thesis gives the unique opportunity to better understand the life ...

  17. Capillary characteristics in microfluidic experiments and computational simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Anusuya

    2011-01-01

    Angiogenesis is crucial during many physiological processes, and is influenced by various biochemical and biomechanical factors. Models have proven useful in understanding the mechanisms of angiogenesis and the characteristics ...

  18. Characteristics of corn and sorghum for tortilla processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzalez de Palacios, Maria de Jesus

    1980-01-01

    CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1980 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology CHARACTERISTICS OF CORN AND SORGHUM FOR TORTILLA PROCESSING A Thesis by MARIA DE JESUS GONZALEZ DE PALACIOS Approved as to style and content by: an o omm t em er em er ea o...

  19. Psychological characteristics of elite and non-elite level gymnasts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waples, Steven Ballard

    2005-02-17

    -1 PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ELITE AND NON-ELITE LEVEL GYMNASTS A Record of Study by STEVEN B. WAPLES Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF EDUCATION December 2003 Major Subject: Physical Education PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ELITE AND NON-ELITE LEVEL GYMNASTS A Record of Study by STEVEN B. WAPLES Submitted to Texas A&M University...

  20. Characteristic impedances in output cylindrical coaxial cavity resonator of klystron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Yuhe [School of Science, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, BaoTou, Inner Mongolia (China); Xie, Xingjuan; Huang, Chuanlu, E-mail: bentu1985@yahoo.com.cn [lnstitute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

    2011-07-01

    Cylindrical coaxial cavity resonator with shift-tubes coupled with rectangular waveguide is designed. The gap characteristic impedance and external quality factor of higher order transverse magnetic mode TM{sub 310} in the cavity are simulated with high frequency electromagnetic simulator ISFEL-3D. The ununiformity of the characteristic impedance resulted from the coupling aperture is reduced through introduction of concave delves on peripheral wall of the cavity. (author)

  1. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14

    SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CARSON JOSEPH ULBRICH RETAIL SHELF-LIFE CHARACTERISTICS OF DRY-AGED BEEF Approved by: Research Advisors: Jeffrey W. Savell Davey B. Griffin Associate Dean for Undergraduate Research: Robert C. Webb... ULBRICH iii ABSTRACT Retail Shelf-Life Characteristics of Dry-Aged Beef. (April 2010) Carson Joseph Ulbrich Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisors: Drs. Jeffrey W. Savell and Davey B. Griffin Department...

  2. Wave energy attenuation and shoreline alteration characteristics of submerged breakwaters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krafft, Katherine Margaret

    1993-01-01

    WAVE ENERGY ATTENUATION AND SHORELINE ALTERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBMERGED BREAKWATERS A Thesis by KATHERINE MARGARET KRAFFT Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1993 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering WAVE ENERGY ATTENUATION AND SHORELINE ALTERATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBMERGED BREAKWATERS A Thesis by KATHERINE MARGARET KRAFFT Approved as to style and content by: John...

  3. Measurement of physical characteristics of materials by ultrasonic methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, W.Y.; Min, S.

    1998-09-08

    A method is described for determining and evaluating physical characteristics of a material. In particular, the present invention provides for determining and evaluating the anisotropic characteristics of materials, especially those resulting from such manufacturing processes as rolling, forming, extruding, drawing, forging, etc. In operation, a complex ultrasonic wave is created in the material of interest by any method. The wave form may be any combination of wave types and modes and is not limited to fundamental plate modes. The velocity of propagation of selected components which make up the complex ultrasonic wave are measured and evaluated to determine the physical characteristics of the material including, texture, strain/stress, grain size, crystal structure, etc. 14 figs.

  4. Measurement of physical characteristics of materials by ultrasonic methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lu, Wei-yang (Pleasanton, CA); Min, Shermann (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A method is described for determining and evaluating physical characteristics of a material. In particular, the present invention provides for determining and evaluating the anisotropic characteristics of materials, especially those resulting from such manufacturing processes as rolling, forming, extruding, drawing, forging, etc. In operation, a complex ultrasonic wave is created in the material of interest by any method. The wave form may be any combination of wave types and modes and is not limited to fundamental plate modes. The velocity of propagation of selected components which make up the complex ultrasonic wave are measured and evaluated to determine the physical characteristics of the material including, texture, strain/stress, grain size, crystal structure, etc.

  5. Optimization of distribution transformer efficiency characteristics. Final report, March 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    A method for distribution transformer loss evaluation was derived. The total levalized annual cost method was used and was extended to account properly for conditions of energy cost inflation, peak load growth, and transformer changeout during the evaluation period. The loss costs included were the no-load and load power losses, no-load and load reactive losses, and the energy cost of regulation. The demand and energy components of loss costs were treated separately to account correctly for the diversity of load losses and energy cost inflation. The complete distribution transformer loss evaluation equation is shown, with the nomenclature and definitions for the parameters provided. Tasks described are entitled: Establish Loss Evaluation Techniques; Compile System Cost Parameters; Compile Load Parameters and Loading Policies; Develop Transformer Cost/Performance Relationship; Define Characteristics of Multiple Efficiency Transformer Package; Minimize Life Cycle Cost Based on Single Efficiency Characteristic Transformer Design; Minimize Life Cycle Cost Based on Multiple Efficiency Characteristic Transformer Design; and Interpretation.

  6. First Year Sedimentological Characteristics and Morphological Evolution of an Artificial Berm at Fort Myers Beach, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    First Year Sedimentological Characteristics and Morphological Evolution of an Artificial Berm Methods and Data Analysis 29 Results and Discussion 34 Sedimentological Characteristics of the Artificial Project Area 45 Control Area Northwest of Berm 47 Discussion of Sedimentological Characteristics 49

  7. Spectral Characteristic Evolution: A New Algorithm for Gravitational Wave Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casey J. Handmer; Bla Szilgyi

    2014-09-24

    We present a spectral algorithm for solving the full nonlinear vacuum Einstein field equations in the Bondi framework. Developed within the Spectral Einstein Code (SpEC), we demonstrate spectral characteristic evolution as a technical precursor to Cauchy Characteristic Extraction (CCE), a rigorous method for obtaining gauge-invariant gravitational waveforms from existing and future astrophysical simulations. We demonstrate the new algorithm's stability, convergence, and agreement with existing evolution methods. We explain how an innovative spectral approach enables a two orders of magnitude improvement in computational efficiency.

  8. Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics in a Raphanus Hybrid-Derived Lineage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heredia, Sylvia Margarita

    2012-01-01

    CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Seed Packaging and Seed CharacteristicsFruit Wall Strength and Seed Packaging in the Hybrid-DerivedOF THE DISSERTATION Seed Packaging and Seed Characteristics

  9. TCM with Biopsychiatric Characteristics : : Marketing and the Imaginary of 'Five Phase Balance Regulation Therapy'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Amanda Jayne

    2013-01-01

    Biopsychiatric Characteristics: Marketing and the ImaginaryBiopsychiatric Characteristics: Marketing and the Imaginarythe imaginary in the marketing of integrated medicine in

  10. Table HC1-5a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Type of Owner...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Unit Characteristics by Type of Owner-Occupied Housing Unit, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Owner- Occupied Units Type of...

  11. Table HC1-2a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Year of Construction, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total Year of Construction RSE Row Factors...

  12. Table HC1-3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Household Income, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total 2001 Household Income Below Poverty Line...

  13. Table HC1-7a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Four Most Populated States...

  14. Effect of core structure irradiation on the RBMK neutron characteristics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balygin, A. A., E-mail: balyg@dcnr.vver.kiae.ru; Krayushkin, A. V. [National Research Center Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-15

    The effect of changes in the graphite density and fuel channel diameters on the RBMK neutron characteristics is estimated. It is shown that uncertainty of those quantities can lead to a noticeable difference between the calculated and experimental values of the steam coefficient of reactivity and the subcriticality of the reactor.

  15. Demographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested by an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharf, Fred

    -level effects and negatively affect long-term fishery yield. K E Y W O R D S : age structure, fishing practices are captured in stationary gillnets and pound nets. Nearly all commercial harvest occurs in estuarine watersDemographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested

  16. MMS 2007-035 Seafloor Characteristics and Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    seismic data archived with MMS and his unwavering support and patience during all the phases of this study. This study was sponsored by the Minerals Management Service under Contract/Order No. Open Market / 01-03-POOCS Study MMS 2007-035 Seafloor Characteristics and Distribution Patterns of Lophelia pertusa

  17. Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Allahabad, India Mufeed Sharholy a , Kafeel parameters of the municipal solid waste management (MSWM) problem such as the generation rate of MSW and rise in community living standard accelerates the generation rate of muni- cipal solid waste (MSW

  18. Oak Ridge Reservation. Physical Characteristics and National Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parr, Patricia Dreyer; Joan, F. Hughes

    2006-10-09

    The topology, geology, hydrology, vegetation, and wildlife of the Oak Ridge Reservation (ORR) provide a complex and intricate array of resources that directly impact land stewardship and use decisions. The purpose of this document is to consolidate general information regarding the natural resources and physical characteristics of the ORR.

  19. CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    CAR2 Displays Unique Ligand Binding and RXR Heterodimerization Characteristics Scott S. Auerbach ABSTRACT: The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR; NR1I3) regulates the expression of genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism. Alternative splicing of the human CAR gene yields an array of mRNAs that encode

  20. POWER CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRIAL AIR COMPRESSORS Chris Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    POWER CHARACTERISTICS OF INDUSTRIAL AIR COMPRESSORS Chris Schmidt Graduate Assistant / Project of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering University of Dayton Dayton, Ohio ABSTRACT The power draw to energy input, which we call the average operating efficiency, based on input power to the compressor

  1. Fundamental Characteristics of Feedback Technical Report of the ISIS Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Fundamental Characteristics of Feedback Mechanisms Technical Report of the ISIS Group at the University of Notre Dame ISIS-2011-005 (This report is a revised version of the ISIS-2009-006 report) Panos J everywhere? Deeper understanding would make it possible to un- This report (ISIS-2011-005, September 2011

  2. Global observations and spectral characteristics of desert dust and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graaf, Martin de

    characteristics of desert dust and biomass burning scenes Conclusions and Outlook #12;where Rayleigh R340 Doubling-Adding KNMI Radiative Transfer Model Solar zenith angle = 30 Viewing zenith angle = 0 Surface Model Solar zenith angle = 30 Viewing zenith angle = 0 Surface albedo = 5% Absorbing aerosols

  3. animals --produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    animals -- produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain damage, the animalslivedalong,TSE-freelife,andmostly did not accumulate PrPSc in their brains (B. Chesebro, Rocky Mountain Labs, Hamilton, Montana). The injection of PrPSc -negative brain extracts from these mice into further

  4. Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    9 Main Ecosystem Characteristics and Distribution of Wetlands in Boreal and Alpine Landscapes influenced while the rest are considered uninfluenced by human impact. Impacts are mainly from machines used or successional shifts to other vegetation types are more evident in such habitats. The main threats

  5. Research papers Tidal characteristics of the gulf of Tonkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    calibration derived from a set of sensitivity experiments to model parameters. The tidal energy budgetResearch papers Tidal characteristics of the gulf of Tonkin Nguyen Nguyet Minh a,c , Marchesiello of this study is to revisit the dominant physical processes that characterize tidal dynamics in the Gulf

  6. Author's personal copy Radiation characteristics of Botryococcus braunii,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    . Introduction Intensive use of fossil fuels increases concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 2009 Accepted 11 April 2009 Keywords: Radiative transfer Scattering Photobioreactors Carbon dioxide t This paper reports experimental measurements of the radiation characteristics of green algae used for carbon

  7. Wood of Giant Sequoia: Properties and Unique Characteristics1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood of Giant Sequoia: Properties and Unique Characteristics1 Douglas D. Piirto2 Abstract: Wood tree species. Wood properties such as specific gravity, various mechanical properties, extractive be considered for planting stock in managed production forests to increase future supplies of wood having

  8. CHARACTERISTIC p ANALOGUE OF MODULES WITH FINITE CRYSTALLINE HEIGHT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abrashkin, Victor

    CHARACTERISTIC p ANALOGUE OF MODULES WITH FINITE CRYSTALLINE HEIGHT Victor Abrashkin1 Abstract of Galois modules with crystalline height h N. If h = 1 these modules appear as geometric points[K]-modules with crystalline height h. Examples of such modules are given by subquotients of crystalline representations of K

  9. STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS PART ONE : RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    285 STUDY OF RADIOACTIVE IMPURITIES IN SOLIDS PART ONE : RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS F. HARTMANN problem of the emission of radiation by radioactive nuclei is usually treated in a very general form for the computation of relaxation and radiofrequency effects. LE JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE TOME 33, F?VRIER-MARS 1972

  10. The Characteristics of Innovative, Mechanical Products* Matthew N. Saunders1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Carolyn Conner

    The Characteristics of Innovative, Mechanical Products* Matthew N. Saunders1 and Carolyn C, but a few products are exceptionally successful, earning innovation awards and other benchmarks of success. To better understand the features of those innovative products, 197 award-winning products are analyzed

  11. Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of wind characteristics on turbine performance Ioannis Antoniou (1) , Rozenn Wagner (1 (2) , Peder Enevoldsen (2) , Leo Thesbjerg (3) (1): Wind Energy Department, Ris): Siemens Wind Power (3): Vestas Wind Systems A/S Summary The uncertainty of power performance measurements

  12. SOIL MOISTURE CHARACTERISTICS IN UPPER PART OF HINDON RIVER CATCHMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    1 SOIL MOISTURE CHARACTERISTICS IN UPPER PART OF HINDON RIVER CATCHMENT C. P. Kumar* Vijay Kumar** Vivekanand Singh*** ABSTRACT Knowledge of the physics of soil water movement is crucial to the solution for estimating the soil hydraulic properties are required for prediction of soil water flow. This paper presents

  13. Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson, Ashok Anand,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    Understanding Data Center Traffic Characteristics Theophilus Benson, Ashok Anand, Aditya Akella Research Redmond, WA, USA mzh@microsoft.com ABSTRACT As data centers become more and more central patterns in data center networks that can inform and help evaluate research and operational approaches. We

  14. Exotic fusion systems and Euler characteristics Eske Spars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mller, Jesper Michael

    Exotic fusion systems and Euler characteristics Eske Spars Advisor: Jesper M. Mller September 19;Abstract We construct and examine some specific exotic fusion systems: The Ruiz-Viruel examples defined over over the extraspecial group of order 73 and exponent 7, and the Solomon fusion systems defined

  15. Molecules, muscles, and machines: Universal performance characteristics of motors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marden, James

    Molecules, muscles, and machines: Universal performance characteristics of motors James H. Marden, piston engines, electric motors, and all types of jets. Dependence of force production and stress of materials and mechanisms. Organisms and machines move by exerting forces on their external environment

  16. RESERVOIR SIMULATION USING MIXED METHODS, A MODIFIED METHOD CHARACTERISTICS,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Thomas F.

    RESERVOIR SIMULATION USING MIXED METHODS, A MODIFIED METHOD CHARACTERISTICS, AND LOCAL GRID Mathematical models for reservoir ow are governed by partial di#11;erential equations whose solution may v is the total Darcy velocity, p the total uid pressure [6], S denotes the saturation of water

  17. Chaotic characteristics of corona discharges in atmospheric air

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tan Xiangyu; Zhang Qiaogen; Wang Xiuhuan; Sun Fu; Zha Wei; Jia Zhijie [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 28 West Xianning Road, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2008-11-15

    A point-plane electrode system in atmospheric air is established to investigate the mechanism of the corona discharge. By using this system, the current pulses of the corona discharges under the 50 Hz ac voltage are measured using partial discharge (PD) measurement instrument and constitute the point-plane voltage-current (V-I) characteristic equation together with the voltage. Then, this paper constructs the nonlinear circuit model and differential equations of the system in an attempt to give the underlying dynamic mechanism based on the nonlinear V-I characteristics of the point-plane corona discharges. The results show that the chaotic phenomenon is found in the corona circuit by the experimental study and nonlinear dynamic analysis. The basic dynamic characteristics, including the Lyapunov exponent, the existence of the strange attractors, and the equilibrium points, are also found and analyzed in the development process of the corona circuit. Moreover, the time series of the corona current pulses obtained in the experiment is used to demonstrate the chaotic characteristics of the corona current based on the nonlinear dynamic circuit theory and the experimental basis. It is pointed out that the corona phenomenon is not a purely stochastic phenomenon but a short term deterministic chaotic activity.

  18. Two tests for multivariate normality based on the characteristic function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arcones, Miguel A.

    Two tests for multivariate normality based on the characteristic function Miguel A. Arcones-mail:arcones@math.binghamton.edu April 10, 2007 Abstract We present two tests for multivariate normality. The presented tests are based on the Levy characterization of the normal distribution and on the BHEP tests. The tests are affine

  19. Investigation of lasing characteristics of 1% Nd : YAG laser ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vatnik, S M; Osipov, V V; Vedin, I A; Kurbatov, P F

    2013-03-31

    The lasing characteristics of 1 % Nd : YAG laser ceramics synthesised at the Institute of Electrophysics, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences are studied. CW lasing is obtained in all the samples with the slope and total optical efficiencies of 25 % and 18 %, respectively. Intrinsic absorption and scattering losses in the ceramics are estimated. (extreme light fields and their applications)

  20. Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    Characteristics of Aluminum Biosorption by Sargassum fluitans Biomass Hak Sung Lee1, * and Bohumil3A 2B2, Canada Abstract: Biomass of nonliving brown seaweed Sargassum fluitans pretreated.5. There are indications that the biomass hydroxyl groups were involved in sequestering the aluminum in the form

  1. Characteristics of meteorological parameters associated with Hurricane Isabel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    Characteristics of meteorological parameters associated with Hurricane Isabel R. Gautam, G. Cervone-sea interactions associated with Hurricane Isabel, which landed on the east coast of the United States on September 18, 2003. Hurricane Isabel is considered to be one of the most significant and severe tropical

  2. The characteristics of neutrinonuclear reactions at E_nu = 1 - 3 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. M. Agababyan; V. V. Ammosov; M. Atayan; N. Grigoryan; H. Gulkanyan; A. A. Ivanilov; Zh. Karamyan; V. A. Korotkov

    2004-08-25

    For the first time, the characteristics of the charged current neutrinonuclear interactions are investigated at $E_{\

  3. Differences in the Physical Characteristics of Diesel PM with Increasing Biofuel Blend Level

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Measure physical characteristics, carbon state, and surface bound oxygen of soot from biodiesel blends.

  4. Evolution of Cyclone Characteristics The composite evolution of west and east Atlantic cyclone is likely to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    Evolution of Cyclone Characteristics The composite evolution of west and east Atlantic cyclone. The spatial distribution and evolution characteristics of North Atlantic cyclones. Mon. Wea. Rev. 137, 99 characteristics and the evolution of these characteristics are calculated in composite cyclones. Method Cyclones

  5. Energy loss characteristics of heavy ions in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrocarbon gases and tradescantia tissue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennis, J A

    1971-01-01

    Energy loss characteristics of heavy ions in nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrocarbon gases and tradescantia tissue

  6. Electrical characteristics of Harwell 7000 series dataway (Multilayer printed circuit board type 94/40148-6)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hale, F H

    1970-01-01

    Electrical characteristics of Harwell 7000 series dataway (Multilayer printed circuit board type 94/40148-6)

  7. Pulse combustor modeling demonstration of the importance of characteristic times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barr, P.K.; Keller, J.O.; Bramlette, T.T.; Dec, J.E. (Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Lab., Livermore, CA (US)); Westbrook, C.K. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Univ. of California, Livermore, CA (US))

    1990-12-01

    A numerical model has been developed to study the sensitivity of a pulse combustor's performance to changes in the relative timing between several of the dominant physical processes. The model is used to demonstrate the importance of the characteristic times associated with acoustics, fluid mixing, and chemical kinetics, which have been identified from both theoretical and experimental evidence. The combination of submodels for acoustics, injection, and combustion produces a pulse combustor model that is dynamic in that it fully couples the injection and mixing processes to the acoustic waves. Comparisons of simulations with experimental results show good agreement, verifying the model over a wide range of operating conditions. Because the model provides more control of the dominant processes than can be obtained in experiments, the parametric study establishes the cause-effect relations between the characteristic times and the resulting combustor performance.

  8. Design characteristics for facilities which process hazardous particulate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeln, S.P.; Creek, K.; Salisbury, S.

    1998-12-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory is establishing a research and processing capability for beryllium. The unique properties of beryllium, including light weight, rigidity, thermal conductivity, heat capacity, and nuclear properties make it critical to a number of US defense and aerospace programs. Concomitant with the unique engineering properties are the health hazards associated with processing beryllium in a particulate form and the potential for worker inhalation of aerosolized beryllium. Beryllium has the lowest airborne standard for worker protection compared to all other nonradioactive metals by more than an order of magnitude. This paper describes the design characteristics of the new beryllium facility at Los Alamos as they relate to protection of the workforce. Design characteristics to be reviewed include; facility layout, support systems to minimize aerosol exposure and spread, and detailed review of the ventilation system design for general room air cleanliness and extraction of particulate at the source.

  9. Identification of airfoil characteristics for optimum wind turbine performance / b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Leonard Scott

    1983-01-01

    with a performance optimization routine was used to perform the analyses. The relationship between airfoil lift and drag characteristics and turbine performance was determined and discussed. High lift and low drag was found to improve, respectively..., the low and high tip speed ratio power output of the tur bine. An investigation using the NACA 63 series family showed that airfoils with 12 to 15 percent thickness should generate good performance over a broad range of tip speed ratios. iv...

  10. Modeling of current characteristics of segmented Langmuir probe on DEMETER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Imtiaz, Nadia; Marchand, Richard [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E1 (Canada); Lebreton, Jean-Pierre [Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace (LPC2E), CNRS-Universit d'Orlans, Orlans Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l'Environnement et de l'Espace (LPC2E), CNRS-Universit d'Orlans, Orlans Cedex (France)

    2013-05-15

    We model the current characteristics of the DEMETER Segmented Langmuir probe (SLP). The probe is used to measure electron density and temperature in the ionosphere at an altitude of approximately 700 km. It is also used to measure the plasma flow velocity in the satellite frame of reference. The probe is partitioned into seven collectors: six electrically insulated spherical segments and a guard electrode (the rest of the sphere and the small post). Comparisons are made between the predictions of the model and DEMETER measurements for actual ionospheric plasma conditions encountered along the satellite orbit. Segment characteristics are computed numerically with PTetra, a three-dimensional particle in cell simulation code. In PTetra, space is discretized with an unstructured tetrahedral mesh, thus, enabling a good representation of the probe geometry. The model also accounts for several physical effects of importance in the interaction of spacecraft with the space environment. These include satellite charging, photoelectron, and secondary electron emissions. The model is electrostatic, but it accounts for the presence of a uniform background magnetic field. PTetra simulation results show different characteristics for the different probe segments. The current collected by each segment depends on its orientation with respect to the ram direction, the plasma composition, the magnitude, and the orientation of the magnetic field. It is observed that the presence of light H{sup +} ions leads to a significant increase in the ion current branch of the I-V curves of the negatively polarized SLP. The effect of the magnetic field is demonstrated by varying its magnitude and direction with respect to the reference magnetic field. It is found that the magnetic field appreciably affects the electron current branch of the I-V curves of certain segments on the SLP, whereas the ion current branch remains almost unaffected. PTetra simulations are validated by comparing the computed characteristics and their angular anisotropy with the DEMETER measurements, as simulation results are found to be in good agreement with the measurements.

  11. The morphological and chemical characteristics of respirable mineral wool fibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Donnie Ray

    1976-01-01

    12 17 18 18 21 23 27 38 46 REFERENCES APPENDIX A TABLE OF CONTENTS continued ~Pa e 48 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF OBSERVED FIBERS APPENDIX B X-RAY COUNT DATA OF OBSERVED FIBERS APPENDIX C PUMP CALIBRATION APPENDIX D COATING... LIST OF FIGURES continued 16. Lengths of fibers present in the respirable sample 17. Widths of fibers present in the respirable sample 18. Ternary diagram showing the Magnesium:Silicon: Calcium ratio of the observed fibers 19. Ternary diagram...

  12. Quantifying long term changes in streamflow characteristics in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garg, Gaurav

    2005-02-17

    and management projects, water use, watershed land use changes, and climate changes. The main objective of this thesis is to assess the significance of the impacts of human activities such as construction of reservoirs, water supply diversions, increased water... of aquatic life and riparian habitat. Streamflow characteristics change over time as a result of water resources development and management projects, water use, watershed land use changes, and climate changes. The impacts of human activities on low flows...

  13. Abrupt tectonics and rapid slab detachment with grain damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gologie de Lyon, Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon, Universit de Lyon-1, CNRS, 69364 Lyon Cedex 07, France

  14. Alpine Extensional Detachment Tectonics In The Grande Kabylie...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alpine orogen. They expose in their inner zone inliers of high-grade crystalline rocks surrounded by Oligo-Miocene and younger Miocene cover. Detailed mapping...

  15. Detachment Faulting and Geothermal Resources - An Innovative Integrated

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstruments IncMississippi:DeltaFishDesert

  16. Alpine Extensional Detachment Tectonics In The Grande Kabylie Metamorphic

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand DaltonSolarOpen5All HomeAlphakat GmbH Jump to:County, California:Core

  17. Estimated global ocean wind power potential from QuikSCAT observations, accounting for turbine characteristics and siting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Scott B; Zender, Charles S

    2010-01-01

    observations, accounting for turbine characteristics andobservations, accounting for turbine characteristics andglobal ocean 80 m wind power accounting for surface layer

  18. Vegetable oils: Precombustion characteristics and performance as diesel fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagby, M.O.

    1986-03-01

    Vegetable oils show technical promise as alternative fuels for diesel engines and have good potential as emergency fuels. Realistically, vegetable oils cause a number of problems when used in direct-injection diesel engines, generally attributable to inefficient combustion. At least partially responsible for poor combustion of neat vegetable oils are their high viscosity and non-volatility. To improve combustion several somewhat empirical approaches involving both chemical and physical modifications have been investigated by endurance tests in a variety of engines. Using the EMA 200 h engine screening test, several fuels show technical promise. These include methyl, ethyl, and butyl esters; high-oleic oils:diesel blend (1:3); diesel:soybean oil:butanol:cetane improver (33:33:33:1); and microemulsion fuels (diesel:soybean oil:190 proff ethanol:butanol, 50:25:5:20) and (soybean oil:methanol:2-octanol:cetane improver, 53:13:33:1). Using a pressure vessel, fuel injection system, and high speed motion picture camera, fuel injection characteristics of vegetable oils, e.g., soybean, sunflower, cottonseed, and peanut, have been observed in a quiescent nitrogen atmosphere at 480/sup 0/C and 4.1MPa. Their injection and atomization characteristics are markedly different from those of petroleum derived diesel fuels. Heating the vegetable oils to lower their viscosities increased spray penetration rate, reduced spray cone angles, and resulted in spray characteristics resembling those of diesel fuel. Significant chemical changes occurred following injection. Samples collected at about 400 microseconds after the injection event consisted of appreciable quantities of C/sub 4/-C/sub 16/ hydrocarbons, and free carboxyl groups were present.

  19. Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Generalized Divided Flow Heat Exchanger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, K. P.

    1979-01-01

    CHARACTERISTICS OF A GENERALIZED DIVIDED FLrnJ HEAT EXCHANGER KRISHNA P. SINGH, CHIEF ENGINEER JOSEPH OAT CORPORATION 2500 Broadway, Camden, New Jersey 08104 ,l\\bstract The concept of a "Di vi ded-fl O~I" heat exchanger is general i zed by 1oca t i n...-Pass Split-Flow Shell Trans. of the ASME, Journal of Heat Transfer, pp 408-416, Aug. 1964. (4) Singh, K. P. and Holtz, ~I.J., "Generalization of the Split Flow Heat Exchanger - Geometry for Enhanced Heat Transfer", 18th National ASME/AICHE Heat Transfer...

  20. Hydrogen-assisted catalytic ignition characteristics of different fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhong, Bei-Jing; Yang, Fan; Yang, Qing-Tao

    2010-10-15

    Hydrogen-assisted catalytic ignition characteristics of methane (CH{sub 4}), n-butane (n-C{sub 4}H{sub 10}) and dimethyl ether (DME) were studied experimentally in a Pt-coated monolith catalytic reactor. It is concluded that DME has the lowest catalytic ignition temperature and the least required H{sub 2} flow, while CH{sub 4} has the highest catalytic ignition temperature and the highest required H{sub 2} flow among the three fuels. (author)