Sample records for appl biochem biotechnol

  1. BIOTECHNOL. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 24/2010/SE SECOND BALKAN CONFERENCE ON BIOLOGY SPECIAL EDITION/ON-LINE 21-23 MAY 2010, PLOVDIV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mollov, Ivelin Aldinov

    263 BIOTECHNOL. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 24/2010/SE SECOND BALKAN CONFERENCE ON BIOLOGY SPECIAL EDITION #12;264 BIOTECHNOL. & BIOTECHNOL. EQ. 24/2010/SE SECOND BALKAN CONFERENCE ON BIOLOGY SPECIAL EDITION

  2. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2005) 68: 2330 DOI 10.1007/s00253-004-1845-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a microbial fuel cell for electricity production Received: 22 September 2004 / Revised: 5 November 2004 been known for several years that microorganisms or enzymes can be used to produce electricity. 1999a,b),Geobacter metallireducens (Bond et al. 2002; Bond and Loveley 2003), and Rhodoferax

  3. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2006) 70: 162169 DOI 10.1007/s00253-005-0066-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cells (MFCs) convert organic matter into electricity by using bacteria as biocatalysts (Suzuki et al wastewater and produce electricity at the same time (Liu et al. 2003; Jang et al. 2004). They can be used Geobacter sulfurreducens (coulom- bic efficiency of 96.8%). In studies using Shewanella putrefaciens, 0.32 m

  4. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2005) 66: 422429 DOI 10.1007/s00253-004-1698-z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Thomas K.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The discovery that wild- type TOM formed isoindigo via C-2 hydroxylation of the indole pyrrole ring makes, or isoindigo (did not hydro- xylate the indole pyrrole ring), but produced 4-hydroxy- indole and unknown yellow, such as the Adolf von Baeyer chemical synthesis of 1890 (Gillam et al. 2000), which resulted in the fifth Noble

  5. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2003), 13(2), 165174 Xanthophylls in Microalgae: From Biosynthesis to Biotechnological Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polle, Jürgen

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2003), 13(2), 165­174 Xanthophylls in Microalgae: From Biosynthesis in the elucidation of the molecular genetics and biochemistry of the xanthophyll biosynthesis pathway. Microalgae to their own color and antioxidant properties. Currently, only a few microalgae are being considered or already

  6. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2003) 61:512516 DOI 10.1007/s00253-003-1277-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bibb, Mervyn

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M. J. Butler · E. Takano · P. Bruheim · S. Jovetic · F. Marinelli · M. J. Bibb Deletion of scbA molecules. In this study, the gene scbA, which had been shown previously to be involved in the synthesis of Streptomyces lividans 66. Deletion of scbA eliminated the production of the antibiotic stimulatory activity

  7. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2003) 61:6168 DOI 10.1007/s00253-002-1191-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    production in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Gene ex- pression changes during C. glutamicum fermentations were between changes in mRNA abundance and enzyme activity in Corynebacterium glutamicum:implications for DNA Corynebacterium glutamicum is used in the commercial production of amino acids, primarily glutamic acid and lysine

  8. apple cultivars grown: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 6 Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple...

  9. apple cultivars bred: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 4 Sketch Retrieval via Dense Stroke Features bottle apple apple apple apple...

  10. Apple Strength Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Syn, C

    2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Strength of the apple parts has been noticed to decrease, especially those installed by the new induction heating system since the LEP campaign started. Fig. 1 shows the ultimate tensile strength (UTS), yield strength (YS), and elongation of the installed or installation-simulated apples on various systems. One can clearly see the mean values of UTS and YS of the post-LEP parts decreased by about 8 ksi and 6 ksi respectively from those of the pre-LEP parts. The slight increase in elongation seen in Fig.1 can be understood from the weak inverse relationship between the strength and elongation in metals. Fig.2 shows the weak correlation between the YS and elongation of the parts listed in Fig. 1. Strength data listed in Figure 1 were re-plotted as histograms in Figs. 3 and 4. Figs. 3a and 4a show histograms of all UTS and YS data. Figs. 3b and 4b shows histograms of pre-LEP data and Figs. 3c and 4c of post-LEP data. Data on statistical scatter of tensile strengths have been rarely published by material suppliers. Instead, only the minimum 'guaranteed' strength data are typically presented. An example of strength distribution of aluminum 7075-T6 sheet material, listed in Fig. 5, show that its scatter width of both UTS and YS for a single sheet can be about 6 ksi and for multi-lot scatter can be as large as 11 ksi even though the sheets have been produced through well-controlled manufacturing process. By approximating the histograms shown in Figs. 3 and 4 by a Gaussian or similar type of distribution curves, one can plausibly see the strength reductions in the later or more recent apples. The pre-LEP data in Figs. 3b and 4b show wider scatter than the post-LEP data in Figs. 3c and 4c and seem to follow the binomial distribution of strength indicating that the apples might have been made from two different lots of material, either from two different vendors or from two different melts of perhaps slightly different chemical composition by a single vendor. The post-LEP apples seem to have been from a single batch of material. The pre-LEP apples of the weak strength and the post-LEP apples with even weaker strength could have been made of the same batch of material, and the small strength differential might be due to the difference in the induction heating system. If the pre-LEP apples with the lower strength and the post LEP apples are made from the same batch of material, their combined scatter of strength data would be wider and can be understood as a result of the additional processing steps of stress relief and induction heating as discussed.

  11. Century Learning through Apple Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This institute begins with a keynote address that looks at how new technologies can enhance 21st century learning

  12. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (1995) 43:850-855 Springer-Verlag 1995 N. Padukone K. W. Evans J. D. McMillan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    cellulose and xylose to ethanol Received: 25 July 1994/Received revision: 2 December 1994/Accepted: 16 (pLOI 297) in the production of ethanol from cellulose and xylose. We have examined the fermentation of glucose and xylose, both individually and in mixtures, and the selec- tivity of ethanol production under

  13. Biochemical transformation of coals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lin, M.S.; Premuzic, E.T.

    1999-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of biochemically transforming macromolecular compounds found in solid carbonaceous materials, such as coal is provided. The preparation of new microorganisms, metabolically weaned through challenge growth processes to biochemically transform solid carbonaceous materials at extreme temperatures, pressures, pH, salt and toxic metal concentrations is also disclosed. 7 figs.

  14. Green Bean Apple Salad 1. 3 small apples, cored and thinly sliced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Green Bean Apple Salad 1. 3 small apples, cored and thinly sliced 2. 1 lb green beans 3. ½ red keep apples from browning). Remove stems from fresh green beans, place in pot with 1 inch of water into rings. Mix apples, onions, cucumbers, green beans together. Add a splash of lemon juice, olive oil

  15. B: Pancakes, Turkey Baked Apples, Milk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Toole, Alice J.

    B: Pancakes, Turkey Sausage, Baked Apples, Milk L: Hamburger, Potato Wedges, Mixed Fruit, Milk S: Oranges B: Toast, Turkey Sausage, Pears, Milk L: Turkey Breast, Iceberg Lettuce, Tomato, Baked Apples Fruit, Bread, Milk S: Yogurt B: Waffles, Turkey Sausage Baked Apples, Milk L: Salisbury Steak, Mashed

  16. Biochemical upgrading of oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.

    1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed. 121 figs.

  17. Biochemical upgrading of oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow S. (Rocky Point, NY)

    1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing in organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed.

  18. Reflectivematerials enhance `Fuji'apple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crisosto, Carlos H.

    - prove red color development, including delaying harvest, have been unsuccessfulin warmpro- duction areas. In California,late harvest has been associated with physiologicalproblems such as skin cracking and internal tree rows in a `Fuji' apple or- chard trained to a Lincolntrellis. temperatures can negate the positive

  19. apples malus domestica: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 6 Variation in nuclear DNA content in Malus species and cultivated apples...

  20. apple juice treated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 83 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  1. apple leafroller bonagota: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 71 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  2. apple orchard systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 154 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  3. apple cv bravo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 135 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  4. apple orchard estudo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 107 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  5. apple yield quality: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 114 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  6. apple malus pumila: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 9 Effects of organic, biological and conventional production methods on apple...

  7. apple metabolite phloretin: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 62 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  8. apple sucrose transporter: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 92 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  9. appl induces deterioration: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 87 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  10. apple maggot rhagoletis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 76 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  11. apple stem grooving: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 133 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  12. anacardium occidentale apple: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 83 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  13. apple orchards treated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 106 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  14. apple uuendas toodangut: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 62 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  15. apple cider fermentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 79 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  16. apple juice clarification: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 111 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  17. apple extract attenuates: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 80 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  18. apple snail pomacea: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 99 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  19. apple pathosystem pathogenicity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 71 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  20. apple juice turbidity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 130 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  1. apple mosaic ilarvirus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 134 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  2. apple malus domestica: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 6 Variation in nuclear DNA content in Malus species and cultivated apples...

  3. apple bagasse anacardium: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 74 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  4. apple cultivars malus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 5 Genomic Selection for Fruit Quality Traits in Apple (Malus6domestica...

  5. apple juice production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 104 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  6. Low energy electron irradiation of an apple

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brescia, Giovanni Batista

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    simulation. A software package, MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle), was used to simulate an electron beam irradiation with a 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 MeV sources on an apple modeled by interconnecting two spheres. The apple radii were 4.4 cm (perpendicular to its axis...

  7. Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    Michigan Apple Committee Research Priorities for 2014/15 Following are the 2014/15 priorities of the Michigan Apple Committee. (In priority order.) 1. Increase demand To conduct consumer related research that will help sell Michigan Apples more profitably. a. Market research b. Value ­ convenience, apples versus

  8. Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    1 Michigan Apple Committee 2014/15 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC subcommittee established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple Committee realize its mission by enhancing the reputation of Michigan Apples, improve their share of sales in target

  9. Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Michigan Apple Committee 2013/14 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC that helps achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research Subcommittee (MARS) established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple

  10. Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan Apple Committee 2012/13 Request for Proposals The Michigan Apple Committee (MAC) announces achieve this mission. In keeping with the spirit of the MAC's mission, the Michigan Apple Research Subcommittee (MARS) established the following as its charter in early 2009: To help the Michigan Apple

  11. Mary Ann Borina Radovich: Croatian Apple Farmer, Watsonville, California, 1918-1977

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regional History Project, UCSC Library; Radovich, Mary Ann Borina; Knaster, Meri

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    laughter) Mary Ann Radovich, Croatian Apple Farmer: Familywith some Mary Ann Radovich, Croatian Apple Farmer: Familyhis name? Mary Ann Radovich, Croatian Apple Farmer: Family

  12. Open vs. closed Apple music distribution platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aye, Thida, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, based on the example case study of the Apple iTunes-iPods platform technology, two simple models are analyzed to gain a better understanding of open vs. closed business models as management and market ...

  13. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    April through June 2008 update on activities of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project.

  14. Biochemical Conversion Pilot Plant (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information about Biochemical Conversion Pilot Plant capabilities and resources at NREL.

  15. Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data The City University of New York (CUNY) and its partners developed an...

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: Biochemical Conversion Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with: Biochemical Conversion Program * Biofuels * Combustion Research Facility * CRF * Energy * Lignocellulosic biomass * Microalgae * SAND 2011-5054W * Transportation Energy...

  17. Low energy electron irradiation of an apple 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brescia, Giovanni Batista

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is the need to achieve a uniform dose over the entire surface of convoluted shapes. The main goal of this research was to calculate the dose distribution produced by low energy electron irradiation of a typical complex shape, an apple, using Monte Carlo...

  18. Malcolm Guite The Magic Apple Tree

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Stephen

    the pictures packed like loam, The rooting places of your growing soul, The subsoil of your oldest memory. Walk... The sky is dark, intense, a stormy grey, But just beneath the darkness all is gold: The slope of hills, the fields of barleycorn. The loaded branches of the apple tree, Glow red and ripe and gold and bow

  19. Financing Advanced Biofuels, Biochemicals And Biopower In Integrated...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Financing Advanced Biofuels, Biochemicals And Biopower In Integrated Biorefineries Financing Advanced Biofuels, Biochemicals And Biopower In Integrated Biorefineries Afternoon...

  20. Biochemical Conversion | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyDepartmentWindConversion Biochemical Conversion This area focuses

  1. V-164: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Apple QuickTime prior to 7.7.4. ABSTRACT: Apple QuickTime Multiple Vulnerabilities REFERENCE LINKS:...

  2. apple proliferation-resistant apomictic: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    have collected a considerable amount of data relating to apple (Malus domestica Biggs, Alan R. 68 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  3. T-634: Apple Mac OS X MacDefender Fake Antivirus Malicious Software...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ABSTRACT: Apple Mac OS X users could infect their systems after visiting a malicious web page. Reports suggest that the Apple Safari web browser could allow automatic download...

  4. apple tree malus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in order to achieve automated harvesting on their temperature (leaves accumulate less heat and radiate faster than apples), while color images provide evidence Wachs, Juan 28...

  5. apple planting material: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant Biology...

  6. apple tree orchard: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant Biology...

  7. apple tree yielding: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant Biology...

  8. apple mac os: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant Biology...

  9. apple scab resistance: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    scab, caused by the ascomycete fungal pathogen Venturia inaequalis, is one of the most Biggs, Alan R. 6 Crop Conditions Apple Diseases: What To Do? Environmental Sciences and...

  10. apple trees grafted: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Report of Nectria galligena Causing European Canker of Apple Trees in Ontario. A. R. Biggs, Agriculture Canada Research Station, Vineland Station, Ontario LOR 2EO. Plant Biology...

  11. Apple Price List unh computer store

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    storage Was $1,249 MD761LL/A Former Retail Price: $1,299 Now $1,099 1 Battery life varies by use for home) Upgrade: 4GB memory to 8GB memory & 128GB storage to 256GB storage $200.00 Apple USB Super of paper) Recommended for PAUL & TSAS Upgrade: 4GB memory to 8GB memory & 128GB storage to 256GB storage

  12. NREL: Biomass Research - Biochemical Conversion Projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL's projects in biochemical conversion involve three basic steps to convert biomass feedstocks to fuels: Converting biomass to sugar or other fermentation feedstock Fermenting...

  13. 774 BIOCHEMICAL SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS Bennett, J. (1983) Biochem. J. 212, 1-13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, John F.

    774 BIOCHEMICAL SOCIETY TRANSACTIONS Bennett, J. (1983) Biochem. J. 212, 1-13 Bennett, J. (1984)in Science Publishers, Amsterdam Bennett, J., Steinback,K. E. & Amtzen, C. J. (1980) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. & Bennett, J. (1981) FEES Kyle, D. J., Staehelin,L. A. & Arntzen, C. J. (1983)Arch. Biochem. Lin, Z

  14. Computing Resources at Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Main Site Dept. of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, 98 Brett Road Piscataway, NJ 08854-8058 PhoneComputing Resources at Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Note that use of all Rutgers University at: http://rucs.rutgers.edu/acceptable- use.html. Microlab. The PC Microlab (Engineering Room C233

  15. Systems Security at Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Biochemical Engineering. The Systems Administrator for Chemical and Biochemical Engineering regularly reviews network security.However, maintaining systems security is a group effort and a never-ending task. Here Administrator regarding security bugs that may affect your personal computer. If a patch is available, download

  16. Biosynthesis of scytonemin, a cyanobacterial sunscreen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorrels, Carla Michelle

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    potential of mushroom tyrosinases. Food Technol. Biotechnol.and mechanism of mushroom tyrosinase. Eur. J. Biochem. 267:J. (1982) Mammalian tyrosinase catalyzes three reactions in

  17. Appling County Pellets | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County,Delhi (NCT), India Sector: SolarAppling County

  18. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Biochemical Conversion...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biochemical Conversion 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Biochemical Conversion This document summarizes the recommendations and evaluations provided by an independent...

  19. Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical Catalysis of CO2. Frontiers, Opportunities, and Challenges in Biochemical and Chemical Catalysis of CO2....

  20. Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of Technology Model Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of Technology Model An update to...

  1. Design guidelines for optical resonator biochemical sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimerling, Lionel C.

    In this paper, we propose a design tool for dielectric optical resonator-based biochemical refractometry sensors. Analogous to the widely accepted photodetector figure of merit, the detectivity D*, we introduce a new sensor ...

  2. V-171: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks PLATFORM: Apple Safari prior to 6.0.5 ABSTRACT: Several vulnerabilities were...

  3. U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    5: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Spoof Address Bar URLs U-165: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Spoof Address Bar URLs May 9,...

  4. U-121: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    21: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code, Conduct Cross-Site Scripting Attacks, and Obtain Potentially Sensitive Information U-121: Apple iOS Bugs Let Remote...

  5. U-170: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code U-170: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code May 16, 2012 - 7:00am...

  6. V-020: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    0: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-020: Apple QuickTime Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code November 9, 2012 - 6:00am...

  7. NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY TITLE: A REVISED VAX FARANT SPLOT ROUTINE AND RELATED APPLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    NATIONAL RADIO ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY TITLE: A REVISED VAX FARANT SPLOT ROUTINE AND RELATED APPLE #12;A REVISED VAX FARANT SPLOT ROUTINE AND RELATED APPLE II PLOTTING PROGRAM. The purpose of this report is to describe some upgrades made to the VAX 1 SPLOT" routine and the related Apple plotting

  8. Clinical Biochemical Geneticist Two-Year Fellowship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    Clinical Biochemical Geneticist Two-Year Fellowship YEAR 1 YEAR 2 MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY A.M. Lab Research & Clinical Training Lab Research & Clinical Training Lab Research & Clinical Training 8AM Newborn Screen Follow-up conference Lab Research & Clinical Training Lab Research & Clinical

  9. COBIOT-855; NO. OF PAGES 7 Please cite this article in press as: Rabaey K, et al. Metabolic and practical considerations on microbial electrosynthesis, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2011), doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2011.01.010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girguis, Peter R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on microbial electrosynthesis Korneel Rabaey1 , Peter Girguis2 and Lars K Nielsen3 The production of biofuels of biofuels and biochemicals [2]. Recent years have been a watershed for research in microbial

  10. OPTIMAL CONTROL APPLICATIONS AND METHODS Optim. Control Appl. Meth. (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer, Helmut

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control of a CSTR reactor; optimal fishing 1. INTRODUCTION Differential control systems with delays in the state variable. Delays in the control are admitted for systems linear in the control variable. ColoniusOPTIMAL CONTROL APPLICATIONS AND METHODS Optim. Control Appl. Meth. (2008) Published online

  11. UV Pasteurization of Cider USDA Apple Juice Purchases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    1 UV Pasteurization of Cider USDA Apple Juice Purchases New Zealand Tour Pruning Grapes Pruning Referendum Child Labor Restrictions 2000 Spray Guides New Bramble Publication Imidan Under Threat Return December and by late January had set in solidly. Sub-zero temperatures were reported across the northern

  12. Fluctuation preserving coarse graining for biochemical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altaner, Bernhard

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Finite stochastic Markov models play a major role for modelling biochemical pathways. Such models are a coarse-grained description of the underlying microscopic dynamics and can be considered mesoscopic. The level of coarse-graining is to a certain extend arbitrary since it depends on the resolution of accomodating measurements. Here, we present a way to simplify such stochastic descriptions, which preserves both the meso-micro and the meso-macro connection. The former is achieved by demanding locality, the latter by considering cycles on the network of states. Using single- and multicycle examples we demonstrate how our new method preserves fluctuations of observables much better than na\\"ive approaches.

  13. Biochemical processing of heavy oils and residuum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lin, M.S.; Premuzic, T.; Yablon, J.H.; Zhou, Wei-Min

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the past several decades, the petroleum industry has adjusted gradually to accommodate the changes in market product demands, government regulations, and the quality and cost of feedstock crude oils. For example, the trends show that the demand for distillate fuels, such as diesel, as compared to gasoline are increasing. Air-quality standards have put additional demand on the processing of heavier and higher sulfur feed stocks. Thus, the 1990 Clean Air Act amendments require the industry to produce greater quantities of oxygenated gasoline, and lower sulfur diesel and reformulated gasoline. Biochemical technology may play an important role in responding to these demands on the petroleum industry.

  14. NREL: Biomass Research - Biochemical Conversion Capabilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Saleshttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gifNREL NREL RefinesAnalysisBiochemical Conversion

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - appl phys lett Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    , left-handed metamaterial. Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 489 (2001). 102 R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S... -refractive-index transmission-line media. ... Source: Groningen,...

  16. Mary Ann Borina Radovich: Croatian Apple Farmer, Watsonville, California, 1918-1977

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regional History Project, UCSC Library; Radovich, Mary Ann Borina; Knaster, Meri

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cola over here. (laughter) Mary Ann Radovich, Croatian Appleand go live with some Mary Ann Radovich, Croatian Appleactually changed his name? Mary Ann Radovich, Croatian Apple

  17. apoptotic biochemical signaling: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Signal Transduction Condensed Matter (arXiv) Summary: We realize a biochemical filtering process by introducing a buffer in a biocatalytic signal-transduction logic system based...

  18. Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellul...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover Process Design and...

  19. NREL 2012 Achievement of Ethanol Cost Targets: Biochemical Ethanol...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL 2012 Achievement of Ethanol Cost Targets: Biochemical Ethanol Fermentation via Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover Ling Tao, Dan Schell, Ryan...

  20. Modeling Tomorrow's Biorefinery--the NREL Biochemical Pilot Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brochure describing the capabilities of NREL's Biochemical Pilot Plant. In this facility, researchers test ideas for creating high-value products from cellulosic biomass.

  1. Biochemical processes for geothermal brine treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.; Bohenek, M.; Joshi-Tope, G.; Zhou, W.; Shelenkova, L.; Wilke, R.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the DOE Geothermal Energy Program, BNL`s Advanced Biochemical Processes for Geothermal Brines (ABPGB) project is aimed at the development of cost-efficient and environmentally acceptable technologies for the disposal of geothermal wastes. Extensive chemical studies of high and low salinity brines and precipitates have indicated that in addition to trace quantities of regulated substances, e.g., toxic metals such as arsenic and mercury, there are significant concentrations of valuable metals, including gold, silver and platinum. Further chemical and physical studies of the silica product have also shown that the produced silica is a valuable material with commercial potential. A combined biochemical and chemical technology is being developed which (1) solubilizes, separates, and removes environmentally regulated constituents in geothermal precipitates and brines, (2) generates an amorphous silica product which may be used as feedstock for the production of revenue generating materials, (3) recover economically valuable trace metals and salts. Geothermal power resources which utilize low salinity brines and use the Stretford process for hydrogen sulfide abatement generate a contaminated sulfur cake. Combined technology converts such sulfur to a commercial grade sulfur, suitable for agricultural use. The R and D activities at BNL are conducted jointly with industrial parties in an effort focused on field applications.

  2. BIOCHEMICAL PROCESSES FOR GEOTHERMAL BRINE TREATMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PREMUZIC,E.T.; LIN,M.S.; BOHENEK,M.; JOSHI-TOPE,G.; ZHOU,W.; SHELENKOVA,L.; WILKE,R.

    1998-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the DOE Geothermal Energy Program, BNL's Advanced Biochemical Processes for Geothermal Brines (ABPGB) project is aimed at the development of cost-efficient and environmentally acceptable technologies for the disposal of geothermal wastes. Extensive chemical studies of high and low salinity brines and precipitates have indicated that in addition to trace quantities of regulated substances, e.g., toxic metals such as arsenic and mercury, there are significant concentrations of valuable metals, including gold, silver and platinum. Further chemical and physical studies of the silica product have also shown that the produced silica is a valuable material with commercial potential. A combined biochemical and chemical technology is being developed which (1) solubilizes, separates, and removes environmentally regulated constituents in geothermal precipitates and brines (2) generates an amorphous silica product which may be used as feedstock for the production of revenue generating materials, (3) recover economically valuable trace metals and salts. Geothermal power resources which utilize low salinity brines and use the Stretford process for hydrogen sulfide abatement generate a contaminated sulfur cake. Combined technology converts such sulfur to a commercial grade sulfur, suitable for agricultural use. The R and D activities at BNL are conducted jointly with industrial parties in an effort focused on field applications.

  3. Compensation of Variable Skew- and Normal quadrupole Focusing Effects of APPLE-II Undulators with Computer-aided Shimming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chubar, O V; Couprie, M E; Filhol, J M; Leroy, E; Marteau, F; Paulin, F; Rudenko, O

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Compensation of Variable Skew- and Normal quadrupole Focusing Effects of APPLE-II Undulators with Computer-aided Shimming

  4. A MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    perspective and from the Systems Biology perspective. In this paper, we report on the machine learning systemA MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH TO BIOCHEMICAL REACTION RULES DISCOVERY Laurence Calzone, Nathalie to the design of new automated reasoning tools for biologists/modelers. The Biochemical Abstract machine BIOCHAM

  5. Property:Incentive/ApplDsc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon »ApplDsc Jump to: navigation,

  6. Appling County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County,Delhi (NCT), India Sector: SolarApplingCounty,

  7. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer with barrier member

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, N.J.; Zhang, J.Z.

    1996-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple capillary biochemical analyzer is disclosed for sequencing DNA and performing other analyses, in which a set of capillaries extends from wells in a microtiter plate into a cuvette. In the cuvette the capillaries are held on fixed closely spaced centers by passing through a sandwich construction having a pair of metal shims which squeeze between them a rubber gasket, forming a leak proof seal for an interior chamber in which the capillary ends are positioned. Sheath fluid enters the chamber and entrains filament sample streams from the capillaries. The filament sample streams, and sheath fluid, flow through aligned holes in a barrier member spaced close to the capillary ends, into a collection chamber having a lower glass window. The filament streams are illuminated above the barrier member by a laser, causing them to fluoresce. The fluorescence is viewed end-on by a CCD camera chip located below the glass window. The arrangement ensures an equal optical path length from all fluorescing spots to the CCD chip and also blocks scattered fluorescence illumination, providing more uniform results and an improved signal-to-noise ratio. 12 figs.

  8. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer with barrier member

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, Norman J. (Edmonton, CA); Zhang, Jian Z. (Edmonton, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple capillary biochemical analyzer for sequencing DNA and performing other analyses, in which a set of capillaries extends from wells in a microtiter plate into a cuvette. In the cuvette the capillaries are held on fixed closely spaced centers by passing through a sandwich construction having a pair of metal shims which squeeze between them a rubber gasket, forming a leak proof seal for an interior chamber in which the capillary ends are positioned. Sheath fluid enters the chamber and entrains filament sample streams from the capillaries. The filament sample streams, and sheath fluid, flow through aligned holes in a barrier member spaced close to the capillary ends, into a collection chamber having a lower glass window. The filament streams are illuminated above the barrier member by a laser, causing them to fluoresce. The fluorescence is viewed end-on by a CCD camera chip located below the glass window. The arrangement ensures an equal optical path length from all fluorescing spots to the CCD chip and also blocks scattered fluorescence illumination, providing more uniform results and an improved signal to noise ratio.

  9. Biochemical changes in speckled trout (Cynoscion nebulosus) preserved with ice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glover, James Donald

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN SPECKLED TROUT (CYNOSCION NEBULOSUS) PRESERVED WITH ICE A Thesis by JAMES DONALD GLOVER Approved as to style and content by: (C irman of Committee) emb ) (Head of Depa tment) (Member ) August 1970 ABSTRACT... Biochemical Changes in Speckled Trout (Cynoscion Nebulosus) Preserved with Ice. (August 1970) James Donald Glover, B. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Bryant F. Cobb III One hundred-sixty speckled trout were purchased from retail fish markets...

  10. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #22, January - March 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    January to March, 2009 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter.

  11. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #25, October - December 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    October to December, 2009 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter.

  12. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #20, July-September 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D. J.

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July to September, 2008 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter.

  13. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #24, July-September 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    July to September, 2009 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter.

  14. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #17, October-December 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    October to December, 2007 edition of the newsletter of the Biochemical Platform Process Integration project.

  15. Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. Otec Plume Biochemical Simulation of a 100MW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent

  16. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #23, April-June 2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    April to June, 2009 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter.

  17. PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2006; 14:275280

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2006; 14 COMMUNICATION: ACCELERATED PUBLICATION Photovoltaics Energy Payback Times, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and External University, The Netherlands Life cycle assessments and external cost estimates of photovoltaics have been

  18. U-239: Apple iPhone SMS Processing Flaw Lets Remote Users Spoof...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    A vulnerability was reported in Apple iPhone. A remote user can send an SMS message with a specially crafted User Data Header (UDH) value that specifies an alternate...

  19. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2011; 18:961980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2011; 18:961­980 Published aggregation method of [1], and the Markov chain algebraic multigrid (MCAMG) method of [3] using the OTF

  20. A modular microfluidic architecture for integrated biochemical analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barron, Annelise E.

    A modular microfluidic architecture for integrated biochemical analysis Kashan A. Shaikh*, Kee Suk for review November 15, 2004) Microfluidic laboratory-on-a-chip (LOC) systems based on a mod- ular (lead) at a sensitivity of 500 nM in microfluidic breadboard

  1. Mutual information in time-varying biochemical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filipe Tostevin; Pieter Rein ten Wolde

    2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Cells must continuously sense and respond to time-varying environmental stimuli. These signals are transmitted and processed by biochemical signalling networks. However, the biochemical reactions making up these networks are intrinsically noisy, which limits the reliability of intracellular signalling. Here we use information theory to characterise the reliability of transmission of time-varying signals through elementary biochemical reactions in the presence of noise. We calculate the mutual information for both instantaneous measurements and trajectories of biochemical systems for a Gaussian model. Our results indicate that the same network can have radically different characteristics for the transmission of instantaneous signals and trajectories. For trajectories, the ability of a network to respond to changes in the input signal is determined by the timing of reaction events, and is independent of the correlation time of the output of the network. We also study how reliably signals on different time-scales can be transmitted by considering the frequency-dependent coherence and gain-to-noise ratio. We find that a detector that does not consume the ligand molecule upon detection can more reliably transmit slowly varying signals, while an absorbing detector can more reliably transmit rapidly varying signals. Furthermore, we find that while one reaction may more reliably transmit information than another when considered in isolation, when placed within a signalling cascade the relative performance of the two reactions can be reversed. This means that optimising signal transmission at a single level of a signalling cascade can reduce signalling performance for the cascade as a whole.

  2. Minimum Resource Characterization of Biochemical Analyses for Digital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akella, Srinivas

    ;2 Lingzhi Luo and Srinivas Akella 1 Introduction Low-cost, portable lab-on-a-chip systems capable of rapid versatile, yet low cost systems. Hence it is important to iden- tify the class of biochemical analyses requirements, towards the design of cost and space-efficient biochips. Mixers and storage units are two primary

  3. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #26, January - March 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    January-March, 2010 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter. Issue topics: understanding and improving sugar measurements in biomass hydrolysates; expansion of the NREL/DOE Biochemical Pilot Plant.

  4. Characterization and application of vortex flow adsorption for simplification of biochemical product downstream processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Junfen, 1972-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One strategy to reduce costs in manufacturing a biochemical product is simplification of downstream processing. Biochemical product recovery often starts from fermentation broth or cell culture. In conventional downstream ...

  5. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #13, October-December 2006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D. J.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 13 of a quarterly newsletter that describes the activities of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Processing Integration Task.

  6. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Process Integration Project: Quarterly Update #18, January-March 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    January-March, 2008 edition of the quarterly update for the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project.

  7. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #21, October - December 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    October to December, 2008 edition of the National Bioenergy Center?s Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter.

  8. Mini Review Appl. Chem. Eng., Vol. 25, No. 2, April 2014, 134-141

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering Strategies for Microbial Platform to Produce Bioplastics Si Jae Park, Yokimiko David, Mary Grace and polymers. Keywords: Biorefinery, metabolic engineering, recombinant microorganism, biochemical, bioplastic1

  9. The free energy cost of accurate biochemical oscillations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yuansheng; Ouyang, Qi; Tu, Yuhai

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oscillation is an important cellular process that regulates timing of different vital life cycles. However, in the noisy cellular environment, oscillations can be highly inaccurate due to phase fluctuations. It remains poorly understood how biochemical circuits suppress phase fluctuations and what is the incurred thermodynamic cost. Here, we study four different types of biochemical oscillations representing three basic oscillation motifs shared by all known oscillatory systems. We find that the phase diffusion constant follows the same inverse dependence on the free energy dissipation per period for all systems studied. This relationship between the phase diffusion and energy dissipation is shown analytically in a model of noisy oscillation. Microscopically, we find that the oscillation is driven by multiple irreversible cycles that hydrolyze the fuel molecules such as ATP; the number of phase coherent periods is proportional to the free energy consumed per period. Experimental evidence in support of this un...

  10. Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyDepartmentWindConversion Biochemical Conversion This area

  11. PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2009; 17:1133

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2009; 17 Research History of Accelerated and Qualification Testing of Terrestrial Photovoltaic Modules: A Literature-plate terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules. An important facet of this subject is the standard module test

  12. PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. (in press)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. (in press and Separation of Cd and Te from Cadmium Telluride Photovoltaic Manufacturing Scrap V. M. Fthenakis*,y and W. Wang Brookhaven National Laboratory, Department of Environmental Sciences, Photovoltaic Environmental

  13. PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2006; 14:2543

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Timothy J.

    PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2006; 14 Solar Energy, Inc., 5575 S. Houghton Rd, Tucson, AZ 85747, USA 7 Energy Photovoltaics, Inc., 276 Bakers transport within copper indium gallium sulfoselenide (CIGSS) photovoltaic devices, whose absorber layers

  14. APPLIED STOCHASTIC MODELS IN BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY Appl. Stochastic Models Bus. Ind., 2006; 22:297311

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Haipeng

    APPLIED STOCHASTIC MODELS IN BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY Appl. Stochastic Models Bus. Ind., 2006; 22 Non-parametric modelling of time-varying customer service times at a bank call centre Haipeng Shen1 are interested in modelling the time-varying pattern of average customer service times at a bank call centre

  15. Appl Phys B (2009) 95: 813824 DOI 10.1007/s00340-008-3306-x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    infrared QEPAS based ethylene sensor S. Schilt · A.A. Kosterev · F.K. Tittel Received: 29 October 2008Appl Phys B (2009) 95: 813­824 DOI 10.1007/s00340-008-3306-x Performance evaluation of a near / Published online: 2 December 2008 © Springer-Verlag 2008 Abstract A sensor based on quartz

  16. SIAM J. MATRIX ANAL. APPL. Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 335-360, July 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trefethen, Nick

    was supported by an IBM Faculty Development Award and a National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award. Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science, Moffett Field, California 94035SIAM J. MATRIX ANAL. APPL. Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 335-360, July 1990 (C) 1990 Society for Industrial

  17. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2008; 15:115139

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2008; 15:115­139 Published-two interpolation for parallel algebraic multigrid Hans De Sterck1, Robert D. Falgout2, Joshua W. Nolting3, Campus Box 526, Boulder, CO 80302, U.S.A. SUMMARY Algebraic multigrid (AMG) is one of the most efficient

  18. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2005; 12:683

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 2005; 12:683 Published Numerical Linear Algebra and its Applications The fourth workshop of the ERCIM Working Group on `Matrix Computations and Statistics' and the First International workshop on `Numerical Linear Algebra and its

  19. Multimed Tools Appl DOI 10.1007/s11042-012-1013-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Min

    Multimed Tools Appl DOI 10.1007/s11042-012-1013-4 Towards smart city: M2M communications of reinventing the automobile [8] to illustrate the design rationales for smart city: green, elegant, personalized and human-centric design rationales behind smart city [8]. The technology advances should make

  20. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-003-1264-x Appl. Phys. B 77, 497503 (2003)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arie, Ady

    DOI: 10.1007/s00340-003-1264-x Appl. Phys. B 77, 497­503 (2003) Lasers and Optics Applied Physics B-established technique for efficiently generating coherent radiation at wavelengths for which direct and effi- cient, etc. In using non-linear crystals for high-power applications, the damage threshold as well as thermal

  1. Steve Jobs' creations simplified life, Apple enthusiasts say in mourning his death

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    modern life - the personal computer and the iPod, the smart phone and the iPad, even the movies it hit the market, it was just this huge eureka moment: Oh! Yeah! That's it!" On Twitter, where the most was visiting Palm Beach County from her home in Montana. (There is no Apple Store in Montana, she noted.) "It

  2. Revised: MASTERS_APPL_ENROLL_TO_PHD-06/04/2014-KCNee FOR ENROLLED STUDENTS ONLY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

    Revised: MASTERS_APPL_ENROLL_TO_PHD-06/04/2014-KCNee FOR ENROLLED STUDENTS ONLY APPLICATION FOR ENROLLMENT IN A MASTER'S DEGREE PROGRAM WHO SHOULD USE THIS FORM Admitted PHD students who would like to obtain their masters on the way to their PHD. This form is used in lieu of a new application

  3. Biochemical Platform Analysis Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand SustainedBio-Oil Deployment in the HomeBiochemical

  4. Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2008 State of Technology Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humbird, D.; Aden, A.

    2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An update to the FY 2007 assessment of the state of technical research progress toward biochemical process goals, quantified in terms of Minimum Ethanol Selling Price.

  5. Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2007 State of Technology Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, A.

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An update to the FY 2005 assessment of the state of technical research progress toward biochemical process goals. This assessment contains research results from 2006 and 2007.

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - anhydrase ix biochemical Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ix biochemical Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Prokaryotic carbonic anhydrases Kerry S. Smith *, James G. Ferry Summary: Prokaryotic carbonic anhydrases Kerry S. Smith *, James G....

  7. Structure and Biochemical Activities of Escherichia coli MgsA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Page, Asher N.; George, Nicholas P.; Marceau, Aimee H.; Cox, Michael M.; Keck, James L. (UW)

    2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Bacterial 'maintenance of genome stability protein A' (MgsA) and related eukaryotic enzymes play important roles in cellular responses to stalled DNA replication processes. Sequence information identifies MgsA enzymes as members of the clamp loader clade of AAA{sup +} proteins, but structural information defining the family has been limited. Here, the x-ray crystal structure of Escherichia coli MgsA is described, revealing a homotetrameric arrangement for the protein that distinguishes it from other clamp loader clade AAA{sup +} proteins. Each MgsA protomer is composed of three elements as follows: ATP-binding and helical lid domains (conserved among AAA{sup +} proteins) and a tetramerization domain. Although the tetramerization domains bury the greatest amount of surface area in the MgsA oligomer, each of the domains participates in oligomerization to form a highly intertwined quaternary structure. Phosphate is bound at each AAA{sup +} ATP-binding site, but the active sites do not appear to be in a catalytically competent conformation due to displacement of Arg finger residues. E. coli MgsA is also shown to form a complex with the single-stranded DNA-binding protein through co-purification and biochemical studies. MgsA DNA-dependent ATPase activity is inhibited by single-stranded DNA-binding protein. Together, these structural and biochemical observations provide insights into the mechanisms of MgsA family AAA{sup +} proteins.

  8. J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 31 (1998) 26282635. Printed in the UK PII: S0022-3727(98)95603-0 Processes of sensitization of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Reuven

    J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 31 (1998) 2628­2635. Printed in the UK PII: S0022-3727(98)95603-0 Processes

  9. Optimal adaptive control of (bio)chemical reactors: past, present and future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastin, Georges

    Optimal adaptive control of (bio)chemical reactors: past, present and future Ilse Y. Smets Abstract In this paper an overview of optimal adaptive control of (bio)chemical reactors is presentedTeC­­Bioprocess Technology and Control, Department of Chemical Engineering, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, W. de Croylaan 46

  10. Decomposing Noise in Biochemical Signaling Systems Highlights the Role of Protein Degradation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miekisz, Jacek

    Decomposing Noise in Biochemical Signaling Systems Highlights the Role of Protein Degradation Micha degradation on the overall variability for a range of molecular processes and signaling systems. With our are able to show how regulated protein degradation can be employed to reduce the noise in biochem- ical

  11. Final Technical Report "Multiscale Simulation Algorithms for Biochemical Systems"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petzold, Linda R.

    2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Biochemical systems are inherently multiscale and stochastic. In microscopic systems formed by living cells, the small numbers of reactant molecules can result in dynamical behavior that is discrete and stochastic rather than continuous and deterministic. An analysis tool that respects these dynamical characteristics is the stochastic simulation algorithm (SSA, Gillespie, 1976), a numerical simulation procedure that is essentially exact for chemical systems that are spatially homogeneous or well stirred. Despite recent improvements, as a procedure that simulates every reaction event, the SSA is necessarily inefficient for most realistic problems. There are two main reasons for this, both arising from the multiscale nature of the underlying problem: (1) stiffness, i.e. the presence of multiple timescales, the fastest of which are stable; and (2) the need to include in the simulation both species that are present in relatively small quantities and should be modeled by a discrete stochastic process, and species that are present in larger quantities and are more efficiently modeled by a deterministic differential equation (or at some scale in between). This project has focused on the development of fast and adaptive algorithms, and the fun- damental theory upon which they must be based, for the multiscale simulation of biochemical systems. Areas addressed by this project include: (1) Theoretical and practical foundations for ac- celerated discrete stochastic simulation (tau-leaping); (2) Dealing with stiffness (fast reactions) in an efficient and well-justified manner in discrete stochastic simulation; (3) Development of adaptive multiscale algorithms for spatially homogeneous discrete stochastic simulation; (4) Development of high-performance SSA algorithms.

  12. Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

  13. National Bioenergy Center, Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update, Winter 2011-2012 (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2011-2012 issue of the National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly update. Issue topics: 34th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals; feasibility of NIR spectroscopy-based rapid feedstock reactive screening; demonstrating integrated pilot-scale biomass conversion. The Biochemical Process Integration Task focuses on integrating the processing steps in enzyme-based lignocellulose conversion technology. This project supports the U.S. Department of Energy's efforts to foster development, demonstration, and deployment of 'biochemical platform' biorefineries that economically produce ethanol or other fuels, as well as commodity sugars and a variety of other chemical products, from renewable lignocellulosic biomass.

  14. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    1 23 Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology ISSN 0175-7598 Appl Microbiol Biotechnol DOI 10.1007/s-Cohen #12;1 23 Your article is protected by copyright and all rights are held exclusively by Springer in electronic repositories. If you wish to self-archive your article, please use the accepted manuscript version

  15. Advanced biochemical processes for geothermal brines: Current developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.; Bohenek, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Energy Science and Technology Div.; Bajsarowicz, V. [CET Environmental Services, Inc., Richmond, CA (United States); McCloud, M. [C.E. Holt/California Energy, Pasadena, CA (United States)

    1997-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A research program at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) which deals with the development and application of processes for the treatment of geothermal brines and sludges has led to the identification and design of cost-efficient and environmentally friendly treatment methodology. Initially the primary goal of the processing was to convert geothermal wastes into disposable materials whose chemical composition would satisfy environmental regulations. An expansion of the r and D effort identified a combination of biochemical and chemical processes which became the basis for the development of a technology for the treatment of geothermal brines and sludges. The new technology satisfies environmental regulatory requirements and concurrently converts the geothermal brines and sludges into commercially promising products. Because the chemical composition of geothermal wastes depends on the type of the resource, the emerging technology has to be flexible so that it can be readily modified to suit the needs of a particular type of resource. Recent conceptional designs for the processing of hypersaline and low salinity brines and sludges will be discussed.

  16. Induced biochemical interactions in immature and biodegraded heavy crude oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.; Bohenek, M.; Joshi-Tope, G.; Shelenkova, L.; Zhou, W.M.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies in which selective chemical markers have been used to explore the mechanisms by which biocatalysts interact with heavy crude oils have shown that the biochemical reactions follow distinct trends. The term biocatalyst refers to a group of extremophilic microorganisms which, under the experimental conditions used, interact with heavy crude oils to (1) cause a redistribution of hydrocarbons, (2) cause chemical changes in oil fractions containing sulfur compounds and lower the sulfur content, (3) decrease organic nitrogen content, and (4) decrease the concentration of trace metals. Current data indicate that the overall effect is due to simultaneous reactions yielding products with relatively higher concentration of saturates and lower concentrations of aromatics and resins. The compositional changes depend on the microbial species and the chemistry of the crudes. Economic analysis of a potential technology based on the available data indicate that such a technology, used in a pre-refinery mode, may be cost efficient and promising. In the present paper, the background of oil biocatalysis and some recent results will be discussed.

  17. INDUCED BIOCHEMICAL INTERACTIONS IN IMMATURE AND BIODEGRADED HEAVY CRUDE OILS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PREMUZIC,E.T.; LIN,M.S.; BOHENEK,M.; JOSHI-TOPE,G.; SHELENKOVA,L.; ZHOU,W.M.

    1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies in which selective chemical markers have been used to explore the mechanisms by which biocatalysts interact with heavy crude oils have shown that the biochemical reactions follow distinct trends. The term biocatalyst refers to a group of extremophilic microorganisms which, under the experimental conditions used, interact with heavy crude oils to (1) cause a redistribution of hydrocarbons, (2) cause chemical changes in oil fractions containing sulfur compounds and lower the sulfur content, (3) decrease organic nitrogen content, and (4) decrease the concentration of trace metals. Current data indicate that the overall effect is due to simultaneous reactions yielding products with relatively higher concentration of saturates and lower concentrations of aromatics and resins. The compositional changes depend on the microbial species and the chemistry of the crudes. Economic analysis of a potential technology based on the available data indicate that such a technology, used in a pre-refinery mode, may be cost efficient and promising. In the present paper, the background of oil biocatalysis and some recent results will be discussed.

  18. Unveiling the hidden structure of complex stochastic biochemical networks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valleriani, Angelo, E-mail: angelo.valleriani@mpikg.mpg.de [Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Department of Theory and Bio-Systems, 14424 Potsdam (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Department of Theory and Bio-Systems, 14424 Potsdam (Germany); Li, Xin [Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States); Kolomeisky, Anatoly B. [Department of Chemistry and Center for Theoretical Biological Physics, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Center for Theoretical Biological Physics, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)

    2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex Markov models are widely used and powerful predictive tools to analyze stochastic biochemical processes. However, when the network of states is unknown, it is necessary to extract information from the data to partially build the network and estimate the values of the rates. The short-time behavior of the first-passage time distributions between two states in linear chains has been shown recently to behave as a power of time with an exponent equal to the number of intermediate states. For a general Markov model we derive the complete Taylor expansion of the first-passage time distribution between two arbitrary states. By combining algebraic methods and graph theory approaches it is shown that the first term of the Taylor expansion is determined by the shortest path from the initial state to the final state. When this path is unique, we prove that the coefficient of the first term can be written in terms of the product of the transition rates along the path. It is argued that the application of our results to first-return times may be used to estimate the dependence of rates on external parameters in experimentally measured time distributions.

  19. Evaluation of laboratory-scale in-vessel co-composting of tobacco and apple waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kop?i?, Nina, E-mail: nkopcic@fkit.hr; Vukovi? Domanovac, Marija; Ku?i?, Dajana; Briški, Felicita

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Apple and tobacco waste mixture was efficiently composted during 22 days. • Physical–chemical and microbiological properties of the mixture were suitable the process. • Evaluation of selected mathematical model showed good prediction of the temperature. • The temperature curve was a “mirror image” of the oxygen concentration curve. • The peak values of the temperature were occurred 9.5 h after the peak oxygen consumption. - Abstract: Efficient composting process requires set of adequate parameters among which physical–chemical properties of the composting substrate play the key-role. Combining different types of biodegradable solid waste it is possible to obtain a substrate eligible to microorganisms in the composting process. In this work the composting of apple and tobacco solid waste mixture (1:7, dry weight) was explored. The aim of the work was to investigate an efficiency of biodegradation of the given mixture and to characterize incurred raw compost. Composting was conducted in 24 L thermally insulated column reactor at airflow rate of 1.1 L min{sup ?1}. During 22 days several parameters were closely monitored: temperature and mass of the substrate, volatile solids content, C/N ratio and pH-value of the mixture and oxygen consumption. The composting of the apple and tobacco waste resulted with high degradation of the volatile solids (53.1%). During the experiment 1.76 kg of oxygen was consumed and the C/N ratio of the product was 11.6. The obtained temperature curve was almost a “mirror image” of the oxygen concentration curve while the peak values of the temperature were occurred 9.5 h after the peak oxygen consumption.

  20. V-137: Apple Mac OS X update for Java | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group current C3EDepartment ofPrivileges |Vulnerabilities |MicrosoftApple Mac OS

  1. V-191: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015of 2005UNSDepartmentFebruaryPhase|PotomacDepartmentRemoteVulnerabilityApple has

  2. V-191: Apple Mac OS X Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your DensityEnergy U.S.-China Electric Vehicle and03/02 TUE 08:59Capability for2:ofDepartment|Attacks |1: Apple

  3. Appling County, Georgia ASHRAE 169-2006 Climate Zone | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County,Delhi (NCT), India Sector: SolarAppling

  4. Soy Isoflavone Supplementation and Biochemical Recurrence After Curative Treatment for Localized Prostate Cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camey, Sarah

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Background: Despite an abundance of soy interventions, the effect of soy isoflavones prior to curative treatment for localized prostate cancer on biochemical recurrence has not been evaluated. Objective: To determine if short-term supplementation...

  5. National Bioenergy Center--Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update, Fall 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fall 2010 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter. Issue topics: rapid analysis models for compositional analysis of intermediate process streams; engineered arabinose-fermenting Zymomonas mobilis strain.

  6. Exploring the Pinhole: Biochemical and Genetic Studies on the Prototype Pinholin, S21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Ting

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    EXPLORING THE PINHOLE: BIOCHEMICAL AND GENETIC STUDIES ON THE PROTOTYPE PINHOLIN, S21 A Dissertation by TING PANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2010 Major Subject: Biochemistry EXPLORING THE PINHOLE: BIOCHEMICAL AND GENETIC STUDIES ON THE PROTOTYPE PINHOLIN, S21 A Dissertation by TING PANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate...

  7. PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2004; 12:93111 (DOI: 10.1002/pip.527)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2004; 12(In,Ga)Se2; thin-films; photovoltaics; solar energy INTRODUCTION P olycrystalline thin-film solar cells the complete solar spectrum for photovoltaic power conversion. There are several chalcopyr

  8. PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2004; 12:3338 (DOI: 10.1002/pip.525)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romeo, Alessandro

    PROGRESS IN PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Prog. Photovolt: Res. Appl. 2004; 12 INTRODUCTION T he polycrystalline CdTe/CdS thin-film solar cell is one of the most important photovoltaic,2 Recent measure- ments of the photovoltaic performance of CdTe solar cells irradiated with high

  9. 2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 87 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LIGHT BROWN APPLE MOTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , NC 27606 ABSTRACT Our geospatial analysis estimated that LBAM could establish throughout most on LBAM. Our economic analysis had two components: (1) a geospatial analysis that identified areas at risk2010 USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species GTR-NRS-P-75 87 ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF LIGHT BROWN APPLE

  10. SIAM J. APPL. MATH. c 2007 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 67, No. 5, pp. 13301352

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzina, Bojan

    SIAM J. APPL. MATH. c 2007 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 67, No. 5, pp. 1330 electronically July 11, 2007. http://www.siam.org/journals/siap/67-5/65312.html Computer Science and Mathematics­1352 ELASTIC SCATTERER RECONSTRUCTION VIA THE ADJOINT SAMPLING METHOD S. NINTCHEU FATA AND B. B. GUZINA

  11. ANL/APS/LS-313 Short-Period APPLE II Undulator for Generating 12-15 keV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    regarding power management even in the future for high-current storage ring operations at 200 mA. The code APPLE II design. In this note, we present magnet design calculations and radiation calculations over four times more power in the central cone of the first harmonic than Undulator A at 12.9 ke

  12. SEARCHING FOR VIDEOS ON APPLE IPAD AND IPHONE Colum Foley, Jinlin Guo, David Scott, Paul Ferguson, Cathal Gurrin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyowon

    the performance of novice versus expert users. Index Terms-- Video search, iPad, iPhone 1. INTRODUCTION Content system with the iPad app. On the iPad, using simple touch commands users can enter search queriesSEARCHING FOR VIDEOS ON APPLE IPAD AND IPHONE Colum Foley, Jinlin Guo, David Scott, Paul Ferguson

  13. Comment on “Dimpling in critical current density vs. magnetic field angle in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} films irradiated with 3-MeV gold ions” [J. Appl. Phys. 114, 233911 (2013)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, N. J., E-mail: nicholas.long@vuw.ac.nz; Wimbush, S. C. [Robinson Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington, P.O. Box 600, Wellington 6140 (New Zealand)

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide an alternative explanation for the results of Matsui et al. [J. Appl. Phys. 114, 233911 (2013)] by considering the effects of disorder on flux pinning.

  14. 3USDA Forest Service Gen.Tech.Rep. PSW-GTR-166. 1998. Biochemical Reactions of Ozone in Plants1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Standiford, Richard B.

    3USDA Forest Service Gen.Tech.Rep. PSW-GTR-166. 1998. Biochemical Reactions of Ozone in Plants1 Abstract Plants react biochemically to ozone in three phases: with constitutive chemicals in the apoplastic, plant reactions with ozone result in constitutive molecules such as the ozonolysis of ethylene

  15. Changes in the Mechanical and Biochemical Properties of Aortic Tissue due to Cold Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Katherine Yanhang

    Changes in the Mechanical and Biochemical Properties of Aortic Tissue due to Cold Storage Ming Background. Temporary cold storage is a common procedure for preserving tissues for a short time be- fore; collagen; mechan- ical properties; arteries; cold storage; soft tissue; mechanical testing; vascular

  16. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #27, April - June 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    April-June, 2010 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter. Issue topics: understanding performance of alternative process configurations for producing ethanol from biomass; investigating Karl Fischer Titration for measuring water content of pretreated biomass slurries.

  17. 155:427 CHEMICAL & BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN AND ECONOMICS I FALL 2014 (3 credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muzzio, Fernando J.

    of the steps involved in the design and economic evaluation of chemical and biochemical processes. We elaborate and economic evaluation of their project forms their major task during the Spring semester design course (155, optimization and economic evaluation: planning, cost estimation, fixed capital investments, working capital

  18. Volume 6(2): 068-074 (2014) -068 J Microb Biochem Technol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are lacking on anaerobic corrosion by acid producing bacteria (APB) that undergo anaerobic fermentation the possibility of very high MIC pitting corrosion rates due to free organic acids (represented by acetic acid of Acid Producing Bacteria Causing Fast Pitting Bioc`orrosion. J Microb Biochem Technol 6: 067-073. doi:10

  19. National Bioenergy Center, Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update, Summer 2011 (Newsletter)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summer 2011 issue of the National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly update. Issue topics: evaluating new analytical techniques for measuring soluble sugars in the liquid portion of biomass hydrolysates, and measurement of the fraction of insoluble solids in biomass slurries.

  20. National Bioenergy Center Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update #28, Spring 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D. J.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spring 2011 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter. Issue topics: 33rd Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals program sessions and special topic sessions; assessment of waste water treatment needs; and an update on new arabinose-to-ethanol fermenting Zymomonas mobilis strains.

  1. Radial Basis Function Neural Networks in Variable Structure Control of a Class of Biochemical Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilamowski, Bogdan Maciej

    is that the method presented does not require the analytical details describing the plant dynamics available. I conditions and unknown plant dynamics. In this paper, an analytic approach towards the calculation@ieee.org X.Yu@cqu.edu.au Abstract ­ Biochemical processes often display a complicated dynamic behavior

  2. National Bioenergy Center - Biochemical Platform Integration Project: Quarterly Update, Winter 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schell, D.

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Winter 2011 edition of the National Bioenergy Center's Biochemical Platform Integration Project quarterly newsletter. Issue topics: 33rd Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals program topic areas; results from reactive membrane extraction of inhibitors from dilute-acid pretreated corn stover; list of 2010 task publications.

  3. Can bio-inspired information processing steps be realized as synthetic biochemical processes?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Privman; Evgeny Katz

    2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider possible designs and experimental realiza-tions in synthesized rather than naturally occurring bio-chemical systems of a selection of basic bio-inspired information processing steps. These include feed-forward loops, which have been identified as the most common information processing motifs in many natural pathways in cellular functioning, and memory-involving processes, specifically, associative memory. Such systems should not be designed to literally mimic nature. Rather, we can be guided by nature's mechanisms for experimenting with new information/signal processing steps which are based on coupled biochemical reactions, but are vastly simpler than natural processes, and which will provide tools for the long-term goal of understanding and harnessing nature's information processing paradigm. Our biochemical processes of choice are enzymatic cascades because of their compatibility with physiological processes in vivo and with electronics (e.g., electrodes) in vitro allowing for networking and interfacing of enzyme-catalyzed processes with other chemical and biochemical reactions. In addition to designing and realizing feed-forward loops and other processes, one has to develop approaches to probe their response to external control of the time-dependence of the input(s), by measuring the resulting time-dependence of the output. The goal will be to demonstrate the expected features, for example, the delayed response and stabilizing effect of the feed-forward loops.

  4. A Biochemical Ocean State Estimate in the Southern1 Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haine, Thomas W. N.

    of the oceanic31 carbon pool. It influences light penetration with consequences for primary productivity1 A Biochemical Ocean State Estimate in the Southern1 Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment2 S. Dwivedi1 , T. W. N. Haine2 and C. E. Del Castillo3 3 1 Department of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, University

  5. Eur. J. Biochem. 78, 585-598 (1977) Binding of Modified Adenine Nucleotides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Govindjee

    Eur. J. Biochem. 78, 585-598 (1977) Binding of Modified Adenine Nucleotides to Isolated Coupling) 1. Fluorescent nucleotides (1,N6-ethenoadenosine diphosphate and triphosphate, EADP and EATP)replace the natural nucleotides rather efficiently (65- 85%) in several chloroplast reactions (ADP inhibition

  6. Biochemical Engineering Journal 89 (2014) 2127 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Srinivasa

    Direct Biochemical Engineering Journal journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/bej Regular article Tyrosinase: Biofabrication Caffeic acid Chitosan Electrodeposition Redox Tyrosinase a b s t r a c t Physics and chemistry and function. Here, we describe one such biofabrication methodology, the use of tyrosinase to graft phenolics

  7. AN INTEGRATED LUNG-ON-A-CHIP MICROFLUIDIC PLATFORM WITH REAL-TIME BIOCHEMICAL SENSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    AN INTEGRATED LUNG-ON-A-CHIP MICROFLUIDIC PLATFORM WITH REAL-TIME BIOCHEMICAL SENSING, without finding it. ­ Lucius Annaeus Seneca #12;v ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS An Integrated Lung for detection. In this research, we replicate the Lung-on- a-Chip platform with a cystic fibrosis cell line

  8. Final Technical Report Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters DOE AWARD NO. DE sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) uses large flowsFinal Technical Report Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy

  9. Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 03 Oct 2014 as manuscript BJ20140809THISISNOTTHEVERSIONOFRECORD-seedoi:10.1042/BJ20140809 AcceptedManuscript

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craik, Charles S.

    Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 03 Oct 2014 as manuscript BJ20140809 with prior permission and as allowed by law. © 2014 The Authors Journal compilation © 2014 Biochemical Society #12;Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 03 Oct 2014 as manuscript BJ20140809

  10. Biochemical and physical factors affecting color characteristics of selected bovine muscles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenna, David Richard

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    for (K/S)572/(K/S)525 values of steaks from 19 beef muscles over 5 days of retail display ........................................................21 3. Least squares means for objective color measurements of 19 beef muscles .......24 4. Least... squares means for (K/S)610/(K/S)525 values of steaks from 19 beef muscles over 5 days of retail display ........................................................27 5. Correlation coefficients of biochemical, physical, and objective color measurements...

  11. Biochemical changes in the proteins of sorghum grain during moisture reconstitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Billings, Toby Jackson

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MICROORGANISM INHABITING SORGHUM GRAIN AFTER RECONSTITUTION Medium Growth Acid Gas MR VP Nitrate Reduction Mannose yes yes no Glucose yes yes no Sucrose yes no no Gal actos e yes yes no Mannitol Starch Maltose yes yes yes no no yes...BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES IN THE PROTEINS OF SORGHUM GRAIN DURING MOISTURE RECONSTITUTION A Thesis by TOBY JACKSON BILLINGS Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree...

  12. Chemical residues and biochemical responses in wild and cultured European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandes, Denise [C.I.M.A., University of Algarve, F.C.M.A., Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139-Faro (Portugal); Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC, Jordi Girona 18, 08034-Barcelona (Spain); Porte, Cinta [Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC, Jordi Girona 18, 08034-Barcelona (Spain)]. E-mail: cpvqam@cid.csic.es; Bebianno, Maria Joao [C.I.M.A., University of Algarve, F.C.M.A., Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139-Faro (Portugal)

    2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Cultured and wild sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) from the Arade Estuary were sampled in summer and winter and the degree of exposure to metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) assessed, together with some biochemical responses against those and other pollutants. The highest levels of copper (up to 997 {mu}g g{sup -1} dry weight) and cadmium (up to 4.22 {mu}g g{sup -1} dry weight) were detected in the liver and kidney of cultured specimens, whereas the highest exposure to PAHs was observed in wild fish. Significant alterations in some biochemical markers were detected and associated to pollutant exposure. Thus, metallothionein concentrations were higher in the tissues of cultured fish and positively correlated with metal residues. The activity 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase ranged from 28 pmol/min/mg protein in cultured fish to 83 pmol/min/mg protein in wild fish collected near a marina area. Cultured fish and wild fish from the marina area had depressed acetylcholinesterase in muscle tissue and a parasitic infection in the gonads. The obtained results support the usefulness of the combined use of chemical and biochemical markers to assess the impact of anthropogenic pollutants in both wild and cultured fish.

  13. A Model Incorporating Some of the Mechanical and Biochemical Factors Underlying Clot Formation and Dissolution in Flowing Blood

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Anand, M.; Rajagopal, K.; Rajagopal, K. R.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple interacting mechanisms control the formation and dissolution of clots to maintain blood in a state of delicate balance. In addition to a myriad of biochemical reactions, rheological factors also play a crucial role in modulating the response of blood to external stimuli. To date, a comprehensive model for clot formation and dissolution, that takes into account the biochemical, medical and rheological factors, has not been put into place, the existing models emphasizing either one or the other of the factors. In this paper, after discussing the various biochemical, physiologic and rheological factors at some length, we develop a modelmore »for clot formation and dissolution that incorporates many of the relevant crucial factors that have a bearing on the problem. The model, though just a first step towards understanding a complex phenomenon, goes further than previous models in integrating the biochemical, physiologic and rheological factors that come into play.« less

  14. Published: August 10, 2011 r 2011 American Chemical Society 3559 dx.doi.org/10.1021/am200783c |ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2011, 3, 35593567

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    Science Technology Center, ^ Department of Physics, and # Florida Solar Energy Center, University of Central Florida Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2011, 3, 3559­3567 RESEARCH ARTICLE www.acsami.org Efficient Photochromic optical data storage.8À11 Organic molecules that can be used for such applications are expected to have

  15. Analyzing the time-course variation of apple and pear tree dates of flowering1 stages in the global warming context2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in the global warming context2 3 Yann Guédon (1) and Jean Michel Legave (2)* 4 5 (1) CIRAD, UMR DAP and INRIA the relationship between flowering advances in fruit trees and19 global warming. After an exploratory analysis;2 to consider the flowering advances in apple and pear trees as impacts of global warming. The26 suddenness

  16. Advanced biochemical processes for geothermal brines FY 1998 annual operating plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of the overall Geothermal Energy Research which is aimed at the development of economical geothermal resources production systems, the aim of the Advanced Biochemical Processes for Geothermal Brines (ABPGB) effort is the development of economic and environmentally acceptable methods for disposal of geothermal wastes and conversion of by-products to useful forms. Methods are being developed for dissolution, separation and immobilization of geothermal wastes suitable for disposal, usable in inert construction materials, suitable for reinjection into the reservoir formation, or used for recovery of valuable metals.

  17. Method and apparatus for energy efficient self-aeration in chemical, biochemical, and wastewater treatment processes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gao, Johnway [Richland, WA; Skeen, Rodney S [Pendleton, OR

    2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a pulse spilling self-aerator (PSSA) that has the potential to greatly lower the installation, operation, and maintenance cost associated with aerating and mixing aqueous solutions. Currently, large quantities of low-pressure air are required in aeration systems to support many biochemical production processes and wastewater treatment plants. Oxygen is traditionally supplied and mixed by a compressor or blower and a mechanical agitator. These systems have high-energy requirements and high installation and maintenance costs. The PSSA provides a mixing and aeration capability that can increase operational efficiency and reduce overall cost.

  18. Techno-Economic Analysis of Bioconversion of Methane into Biofuel and Biochemical (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fei, Q.; Tao, L.; Pienkos, P .T.; Guarnieri, M.; Palou-Rivera, I.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In light of the relatively low price of natural gas and increasing demands of liquid transportation fuels and high-value chemicals, attention has begun to turn to novel biocatalyst for conversion of methane (CH4) into biofuels and biochemicals [1]. A techno-economic analysis (TEA) was performed for an integrated biorefinery process using biological conversion of methane, such as carbon yield, process efficiency, productivity (both lipid and acid), natural gas and other raw material prices, etc. This analysis is aimed to identify research challenges as well provide guidance for technology development.

  19. Regenerating cellulose from ionic liquids for an accelerated enzymatic hydrolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, Hua [Savannah State University; Jones, Cecil L [Savannah State University; Baker, Gary A [ORNL; Xia, Shuqian [Tianjin University, Tianjin, China; Olubajo, Olarongbe [Savannah State University; Person, Vernecia [Savannah State University

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The efficient conversion of lignocellulosic materials into fuel ethanol has become a research priority in producing affordable and renewable energy. The pretreatment of lignocelluloses is known to be key to the fast enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. Recently, certain ionic liquids (ILs)were found capable of dissolving more than 10 wt% cellulose. Preliminary investigations [Dadi, A.P., Varanasi, S., Schall, C.A., 2006. Enhancement of cellulose saccharification kinetics using an ionic liquid pretreatment step. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 95, 904 910; Liu, L., Chen, H., 2006. Enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose materials treated with ionic liquid [BMIM]Cl. Chin. Sci. Bull. 51, 2432 2436; Dadi, A.P., Schall, C.A., Varanasi, S., 2007. Mitigation of cellulose recalcitrance to enzymatic hydrolysis by ionic liquid pretreatment. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 137 140, 407 421] suggest that celluloses regenerated from IL solutions are subject to faster saccharification than untreated substrates. These encouraging results offer the possibility of using ILs as alternative and nonvolatile solvents for cellulose pretreatment. However, these studies are limited to two chloride-based ILs: (a) 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM]Cl), which is a corrosive, toxic and extremely hygroscopic solid (m.p. 70 C), and (b) 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([AMIM]Cl), which is viscous and has a reactive side-chain. Therefore, more in-depth research involving other ILs is much needed to explore this promising pretreatment route. For this reason, we studied a number of chloride- and acetate-based ILs for cellulose regeneration, including several ILs newly developed in our laboratory. This will enable us to select inexpensive, efficient and environmentally benign solvents for processing cellulosic biomass. Our data confirm that all regenerated celluloses are less crystalline (58 75% lower) and more accessible to cellulase (>2 times) than untreated substrates. As a result, regenerated Avicel cellulose, filter paper and cottonwere hydrolyzed 2 10 times faster than the respective untreated celluloses. A complete hydrolysis of Avicel cellulose could be achieved in 6 h given the Trichoderma reesei cellulase/substrate ratio (w/w) of 3:20 at 50 C. In addition,we observed that cellulase is more thermally stable (up to 60 C) in the presence of regenerated cellulose. Furthermore, our systematic studies suggest that the presence of various ILs during the hydrolysis induced different degrees of cellulase inactivation. Therefore, a thorough removal of IL residues after cellulose regeneration is highly recommended, and a systematic investigation on this subject is much needed.

  20. Identification of Catalysts and Materials for a High-Energy Density Biochemical Fuel Cell: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-09-345

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghirardi, M.; Svedruzic, D.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The proposed research attempted to identify novel biochemical catalysts, catalyst support materials, high-efficiency electron transfer agents between catalyst active sites and electrodes, and solid-phase electrolytes in order to maximize the current density of biochemical fuel cells that utilize various alcohols as substrates.

  1. Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 23 Nov 2010 as manuscript BJ20101691THISISNOTTHEVERSIONOFRECORD-seedoi:10.1042/BJ20101691 AcceptedManuscript

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gleeson, Joseph G.

    Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 23 Nov 2010 as manuscript BJ20101691 with prior permission and as allowed by law. © 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Portland Press Limited #12;Biochemical Journal Immediate Publication. Published on 23 Nov 2010 as manuscript BJ20101691

  2. Physico-chemical and Bio-chemical Controls on Soil C Saturation Behavior

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Six, Johan; Plante, Alain

    2011-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    In this project, we tested through a multitude of lab and field experiments the concept of soil C stabilization and determined metrics for the level of C saturation across soils and soil organic matter fractions. The basic premise of the soil C saturation concept is that there is a maximum amount of C that can be stabilized within a soil, even when C input is further increased. In a first analysis, our results showed that linear regression models do not adequately predict maximal organic C stabilization by fine soil particles. Soil physical and chemical properties associated with soil clay mineralogy, such as specific surface area and organic C loading, should be incorporated into models for predicting maximal organic C stabilization. In a second analysis, we found significantly greater maximal C stabilization in the microaggregate-protected versus the non-microaggregate protected mineral fractions, which provides independent validation that microaggregation plays an important role in increasing the protection and stabilization of soil C leading to greater total soil C accumulation in these pools. In a third study, our results question the role of biochemical preference in mineral C stabilization and of the chemical recalcitrance of specific plant-derived compounds in non-protected soil C accumulation. Because C biochemical composition of slowly turning over mineral protected C pools does not change with C saturation, input C composition is unlikely to affect long-term C stabilization. Rather, C saturation and stabilization in soil is controlled only by the quantity of C input to the soil and the physical and chemical protection mechanisms at play in long-term C stabilization. In conclusion, we have further corroborated the concept of soil C saturation and elucidated several mechanisms underlying this soil C saturation.

  3. 210 Biochemical Society Transactions (2012) Volume 40, part 1 PKA phosphorylation of the small heat-shock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, John D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    210 Biochemical Society Transactions (2012) Volume 40, part 1 PKA phosphorylation of the small heat The small heat-shock protein Hsp20 (heat-shock protein 20), also known as HspB6, has been shown to protect infarcts, and improved recovery of contractile performance during the reperfusion phase, compared with wild

  4. Eur. J. Biochem. 85, 529-534 (1978) X-Ray and Neutron Small-Angle Scattering Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Eur. J. Biochem. 85, 529-534 (1978) X-Ray and Neutron Small-Angle Scattering Studies of the Complex-ray and neutron scattering techniques. In this work, we concentrated mainly on radius of gyration analyses and a neutron scattering experiment is performed in 21-Iz0 solvent. This decrease simply reflects the fact

  5. Micromorphological and (bio)chemical organic matter changes in a formerly cutover peat bog : Le Russey, Jura Mountains, France.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Micromorphological and (bio)chemical organic matter changes in a formerly cutover peat bog : Le. In order to moniter peat reaccumulation and hence long-term carbon sequestration in peatlands which have ([1]). Among these indicators, it has previously been shown that physico-chemical properties of peat

  6. Monolithic piezoelectric sensor (MPS) for sensing chemical, biochemical and physical measurands

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Andle, Jeffrey C. (Bangor, ME); Lec, Ryszard M. (Orono, ME)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A piezoelectric sensor and assembly for measuring chemical, biochemical and physical measurands is disclosed. The piezoelectric sensor comprises a piezoelectric material, preferably a crystal, a common metal layer attached to the top surface of the piezoelectric crystal, and a pair of independent resonators placed in close proximity on the piezoelectric crystal such that an efficacious portion of acoustic energy couples between the resonators. The first independent resonator serves as an input port through which an input signal is converted into mechanical energy within the sensor and the second independent resonator serves an output port through which a filtered replica of the input signal is detected as an electrical signal. Both a time delay and an attenuation at a given frequency between the input signal and the filtered replica may be measured as a sensor output. The sensor may be integrated into an assembly with a series feedback oscillator and a radio frequency amplifier to process the desired sensor output. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, a selective film is disposed upon the grounded metal layer of the sensor and the resonators are encapsulated to isolate them from the measuring environment. In an alternative embodiment of the invention, more than two resonators are used in order to increase the resolution of the sensor.

  7. High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy Alone for Localized Prostate Cancer in Patients at Moderate or High Risk of Biochemical Recurrence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoskin, Peter [Cancer Centre, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Rojas, Ana, E-mail: arc03@btconnect.com [Cancer Centre, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex (United Kingdom); Lowe, Gerry; Bryant, Linda; Ostler, Peter; Hughes, Rob; Milner, Jessica; Cladd, Helen [Cancer Centre, Mount Vernon Hospital, Northwood, Middlesex (United Kingdom)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) morbidity and biochemical control of disease in patients with localized prostate adenocarcinoma treated with escalating doses per fraction of high-dose rate brachytherapy alone. Methods and Materials: A total of 197 patients were treated with 34 Gy in four fractions, 36 Gy in four fractions, 31.5 Gy in three fractions, or 26 Gy in two fractions. Median follow-up times were 60, 54, 36, and 6 months, respectively. Results: Incidence of early Grade {>=} 3 GU morbidity was 3% to 7%, and Grade 4 was 0% to 4%. During the first 12 weeks, the highest mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) value was 14, and between 6 months and 5 years it was 8. Grade 3 or 4 early GI morbidity was not observed. The 3-year actuarial rate of Grade 3 GU was 3% to 16%, and was 3% to 7% for strictures requiring surgery (4-year rate). An incidence of 1% Grade 3 GI events was seen at 3 years. Late Grade 4 GU or GI events were not observed. At 3 years, 99% of patients with intermediate-risk and 91% with high-risk disease were free of biochemical relapse (log-rank p = 0.02). Conclusions: There was no significant difference in urinary and rectal morbidity between schedules. Biochemical control of disease in patients with intermediate and high risk of relapse was good.

  8. Reprinted from New Beer in an Old Bottle: Eduard Buchner and the Growth of Biochemical Knowledge,pp. 67122, ed. A. Cornish-Bowden,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reprinted from New Beer in an Old Bottle: Eduard Buchner and the Growth of Biochemical Knowledge is to be 67 #12;HERBERT FRIEDMANN master -- that's all." LEWIS CARROLL, Through the Looking Glass The words

  9. Tracking Hemicellulose and Lignin Deconstruction During Hydrothermal Pretreatment of Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKenzie, Heather Lorelei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    acid pretreatment process using ASPEN-Plus®. Appl. Biochem.of autohydrolysis aspen (P. tremuloides) lignins. Part 3.Simulated autohydrolysis of aspen milled wood lignin in the

  10. Hierarchical graphs for better annotations of rule-based models of biochemical systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Bin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hlavacek, William [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the graph-based formalism of the BioNetGen language (BNGL), graphs are used to represent molecules, with a colored vertex representing a component of a molecule, a vertex label representing the internal state of a component, and an edge representing a bond between components. Components of a molecule share the same color. Furthermore, graph-rewriting rules are used to represent molecular interactions, with a rule that specifies addition (removal) of an edge representing a class of association (dissociation) reactions and with a rule that specifies a change of vertex label representing a class of reactions that affect the internal state of a molecular component. A set of rules comprises a mathematical/computational model that can be used to determine, through various means, the system-level dynamics of molecular interactions in a biochemical system. Here, for purposes of model annotation, we propose an extension of BNGL that involves the use of hierarchical graphs to represent (1) relationships among components and subcomponents of molecules and (2) relationships among classes of reactions defined by rules. We illustrate how hierarchical graphs can be used to naturally document the structural organization of the functional components and subcomponents of two proteins: the protein tyrosine kinase Lck and the T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 complex. Likewise, we illustrate how hierarchical graphs can be used to document the similarity of two related rules for kinase-catalyzed phosphorylation of a protein substrate. We also demonstrate how a hierarchical graph representing a protein can be encoded in an XML-based format.

  11. Structural and Biochemical Determinants of Ligand Binding by the c-di-GMP Riboswitch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, K.; Lipchock, S; Livingston,; Shanahan, C; Strobel, S

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bacterial second messenger c-di-GMP is used in many species to control essential processes that allow the organism to adapt to its environment. The c-di-GMP riboswitch (GEMM) is an important downstream target in this signaling pathway and alters gene expression in response to changing concentrations of c-di-GMP. The riboswitch selectively recognizes its second messenger ligand primarily through contacts with two critical nucleotides. However, these two nucleotides are not the most highly conserved residues within the riboswitch sequence. Instead, nucleotides that stack with c-di-GMP and that form tertiary RNA contacts are the most invariant. Biochemical and structural evidence reveals that the most common natural variants are able to make alternative pairing interactions with both guanine bases of the ligand. Additionally, a high-resolution (2.3 {angstrom}) crystal structure of the native complex reveals that a single metal coordinates the c-di-GMP backbone. Evidence is also provided that after transcription of the first nucleotide on the 3{prime}-side of the P1 helix, which is predicted to be the molecular switch, the aptamer is functional for ligand binding. Although large energetic effects occur when several residues in the RNA are altered, mutations at the most conserved positions, rather than at positions that base pair with c-di-GMP, have the most detrimental effects on binding. Many mutants retain sufficient c-di-GMP affinity for the RNA to remain biologically relevant, which suggests that this motif is quite resilient to mutation.

  12. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 2002, 7: 95-99 Cloning and Characterization of Mannheimia succiniciproducens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a fermentation end-product based on a series of reaction steps involving the car- boxylation of PEP by PEPCKs [10 and aerobically. It pro- duces acetic acid, formic acid, lactic acid, and ethanol as well as succinic acid and acetic acids as main products irrespective of the initial glucose concentration. These results suggest

  13. Biotechnol. Bioprocess Eng. 2000, 5: 379-381 Fermentative Production of Succinic Acid from Glucose and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Corn Steep Liquor by Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Pyung Cheon Lee, Woo Gi Lee, Sang Yup Lee deal of at- tention as a green feedstock for the manufacture of synthetic resins, biodegradable

  14. August 2013 Vol. 23 No. 8 J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2013), 23(8), 10601069

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holden, James F.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. TcCD was confirmed to be highly thermostable, with optimal and Institute of Life Sciences and Resources, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446-701, Republic of Korea 2 Marine

  15. Biotechnology DOI 10.1002/biot.201100507 Biotechnol. J. 2012, 7, 166167

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ]. As butanol is not only an advanced biofuel but also an important in- dustrial solvent, it is expected

  16. Biotechnology DOI 10.1002/biot.201000171 Biotechnol. J. 2010, 5, 716725

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maranas, Costas

    - vironmental concerns have stimulated an interest towards the production of second generation bio- fuels from-native pathways for the synthesis of long- chain alcohols has been identified as a promising route to biofuels. We describe computationally derived predictions for assembling pathways for the production of biofuel

  17. 320 Biotechnol. Prog. 1994, 10, 320-326 oseph J. Vallinot an Gregory Stephanopoulos*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge,Massachusetts 02139 In order will not limit yield once the end-product regulation is removed (11). One means to ascertain the characteristics

  18. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol DOI 10.1007/s10295-014-1548-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Thomas K.

    from synthesis gas (i.e., syngas, a mixture of hydro- gen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide). Syngas processes have the potential to avoid the need for very high CapEx through bypassing syngas forma- tion

  19. Biotechnology DOI 10.1002/biot.201100445 Biotechnol. J. 2011, 6, 12981299

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    change, environmental deterio- ration, energy crisis, shortage of natural resources, threats to public of a newly isolated microalga Chl

  20. Biotechnology DOI 10.1002/biot.201000129 Biotechnol. J. 2010, 5, 660670

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sources. Microalgae hold promise as a source of renew- able energy. Algae-derived hydrogen, methane, tri- traceuticals and biofuels. For example, high-value molecules are extracted from microalgae, such as carotenoid

  1. Structural And Biochemical Characterization of the Therapeutic A. Variabilis Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, L.; Gamez, A.; Archer, H.; Abola, E.E.; Sarkissian, C.N.; Fitzpatrick, P.; Wendt, D.; Zhang, Y.; Vellard, M.; Bliesath, J.; Bell, S.; Lemont, J.; Scriver, C.R.; Stevens, R.C.

    2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We have recently observed promising success in a mouse model for treating the metabolic disorder phenylketonuria with phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) from Rhodosporidium toruloides and Anabaena variabilis. Both molecules, however, required further optimization in order to overcome problems with protease susceptibility, thermal stability, and aggregation. Previously, we optimized PAL from R. toruloides, and in this case we reduced aggregation of the A. variabilis PAL by mutating two surface cysteine residues (C503 and C565) to serines. Additionally, we report the structural and biochemical characterization of the A. variabilis PAL C503S/C565S double mutant and carefully compare this molecule with the R. toruloides engineered PAL molecule. Unlike previously published PAL structures, significant electron density is observed for the two active-site loops in the A. variabilis C503S/C565S double mutant, yielding a complete view of the active site. Docking studies and N-hydroxysuccinimide-biotin binding studies support a proposed mechanism in which the amino group of the phenylalanine substrate is attacked directly by the 4-methylidene-imidazole-5-one prosthetic group. We propose a helix-to-loop conformational switch in the helices flanking the inner active-site loop that regulates accessibility of the active site. Differences in loop stability among PAL homologs may explain the observed variation in enzyme efficiency, despite the highly conserved structure of the active site. A. variabilis C503S/C565S PAL is shown to be both more thermally stable and more resistant to proteolytic cleavage than R. toruloides PAL. Additional increases in thermal stability and protease resistance upon ligand binding may be due to enhanced interactions among the residues of the active site, possibly locking the active-site structure in place and stabilizing the tetramer. Examination of the A. variabilis C503S/C565S PAL structure, combined with analysis of its physical properties, provides a structural basis for further engineering of residues that could result in a better therapeutic molecule.

  2. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 7 (2005) S241S243 doi:10.1088/1464-4258/7/2/032

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheludev, Nikolay

    INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl of an optical nonlinearity in a nanoparticle film V A Fedotov, K F MacDonald and N I Zheludev School of Physics for publication 5 August 2004 Published 20 January 2005 Online at stacks.iop.org/JOptA/7/S241 Abstract Optical

  3. Submitted to J. Appl. Phys., revised October, 1999 1 A Rate Equation Model for the Growth of GaN on GaN(0001) by Molecular Beam Epitaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Philip I.

    Submitted to J. Appl. Phys., revised October, 1999 1 A Rate Equation Model for the Growth of GaN on GaN(000¯1) by Molecular Beam Epitaxy R.Held, B.E. Ishaug, A. Parkhomovsky, A.M. Dabiran, and P (October 7, 1999) GaN(000¯1)filmsweregrownbymolecularbeamepitaxyusingammoniaandelemental

  4. Contaminant exposure and biochemical effects in outmigrant juvenile chinook salmon from urban and nonurban estuaries of Puget Sound, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.E.; Hom, T.; Collier, T.K.; Brown, D.W.; Varanasi, U. [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Seattle, WA (United States)

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Juvenile chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) were sampled in Puget Sound, Washington, for 2 consecutive years from contaminated urban estuaries, a nonurban estuary, and from the respective hatcheries to assess exposure to anthropogenic chemicals and to determine if biochemical changes were occurring as a consequence of exposure. Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), chlorinated hydrocarbons, and butyltins was determined. The mean concentrations of PAHs and PCBs in stomach contents and PCBs in liver were significantly higher in salmon from the urban estuaries compared to fish from the nonurban estuary in both sampling years. Higher hepatic concentrations of PCBs than DDTs were found in fish from the urban estuaries, but butyltins were rarely detected. Further, mean concentrations of fluorescent aromatic compounds in bile, an estimate of exposure to PAHs, and hepatic cytochrome P4501A and levels of hepatic DNA adducts were also significantly higher in salmon from the urban estuaries compared to either the nonurban estuary or the hatcheries. Results demonstrated increased exposure to chemical contaminants in outmigrant juvenile salmon during their relatively brief residence in urban estuaries of Puget Sound. Moreover, the exposure was sufficient to elicit biochemical responses, which suggest a potential for other biological effects to ensue.

  5. Pretreatment Endorectal Coil Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings Predict Biochemical Tumor Control in Prostate Cancer Patients Treated With Combination Brachytherapy and External-Beam Radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riaz, Nadeem [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Afaq, Asim; Akin, Oguz [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Pei Xin; Kollmeier, Marisa A.; Cox, Brett [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Hricak, Hedvig [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Zelefsky, Michael J., E-mail: zelefskm@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the utility of endorectal coil magenetic resonance imaging (eMRI) in predicting biochemical relapse in prostate cancer patients treated with combination brachytherapy and external-beam radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: Between 2000 and 2008, 279 men with intermediate- or high-risk prostate cancer underwent eMRI of their prostate before receiving brachytherapy and supplemental intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Endorectal coil MRI was performed before treatment and retrospectively reviewed by two radiologists experienced in genitourinary MRI. Image-based variables, including tumor diameter, location, number of sextants involved, and the presence of extracapsular extension (ECE), were incorporated with other established clinical variables to predict biochemical control outcomes. The median follow-up was 49 months (range, 1-13 years). Results: The 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival for the cohort was 92%. Clinical findings predicting recurrence on univariate analysis included Gleason score (hazard ratio [HR] 3.6, p = 0.001), PSA (HR 1.04, p = 0.005), and National Comprehensive Cancer Network risk group (HR 4.1, p = 0.002). Clinical T stage and the use of androgen deprivation therapy were not correlated with biochemical failure. Imaging findings on univariate analysis associated with relapse included ECE on MRI (HR 3.79, p = 0.003), tumor size (HR 2.58, p = 0.04), and T stage (HR 1.71, p = 0.004). On multivariate analysis incorporating both clinical and imaging findings, only ECE on MRI and Gleason score were independent predictors of recurrence. Conclusions: Pretreatment eMRI findings predict for biochemical recurrence in intermediate- and high-risk prostate cancer patients treated with combination brachytherapy and external-beam radiotherapy. Gleason score and the presence of ECE on MRI were the only significant predictors of biochemical relapse in this group of patients.

  6. Response to “Comment on ‘Twin symmetry texture of energetically condensed niobium thin films on sapphire substrate’ ” [J. Appl. Phys. 112, 016101 (2012)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhao, X.; Philips, L.; Reece, C. E.; Seo, Kang; Krishnan, M.; Valderrama, E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Welander is correct about the misidentified crystal-directions in the top-view sapphire lattice (Fig. 4 [Zhao et al., J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033523 (2011)]). He is also correct about the misorientation of the pole figures in Fig. 4. In Fig. 1 of this response, we have corrected these errors. Perhaps because of these errors, Welander misconstrued our discussion of the Nbcrystal growth as claiming a new 3D registry. That was not our intention. Rather, we wished to highlight the role of energetic condensation that drives low-defect crystal growth by a combination of non-equilibrium sub-plantation that disturbs the substrate lattice and thermal annealing that annihilates defects and promotes large-grain crystal growth.

  7. Interannual variability of summer biochemical enhancement in relation to mesoscale eddies at the shelf break in the vicinity of the Pribilof Islands,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interannual variability of summer biochemical enhancement in relation to mesoscale eddies the 1300-km-long eastern shelf break accompanied by a mesoscale eddy field (Okkonen, 2001a). Eddies occur., 2002). Mesoscale eddies, which penetrate to depths of at least 1000 m (Roden, 1995; Mizobata et al

  8. UNCORRECTEDPROOF Please cite this article in press as: Ramos JW, The regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in mammalian cells, Int J Biochem Cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Joe W.

    signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in mammalian cells, Int J Biochem Cell Biol (2008), doi:10.1016/j of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in mammalian cells 2 3 Joe W. Ramos 2 Department of Natural Products Received in revised form 18 April 20089 Accepted 25 April 200810 Available online xxx11 12 Keywords:13 ERK

  9. Recombinant production of bacterial toxins and their derivatives in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurkan, Cemal; Ellar, David J

    2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    on their potential clinical applications. P. pastoris as a recombinant expression host As a methylotrophic yeast, P. pastoris can use methanol as its sole carbon and energy source in the absence of a repressing carbon source [6,7]. The first step in the metab- olism... -selective channels in planar 43. Ogunjimi AA, Chandler JM, Gbenle GO, Olukoya DK, Akinrimisi EO: Heterologous expression of cry2 gene from a local strain of Bacillus thuringiensis isolated in Nigeria. Biotechnol Appl Bio- chem 2002, 36:241-246. 44. Sreekrishna K...

  10. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3 (2001) S103S120 PII: S1464-4258(01)27690-9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John, Sajeev

    INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF OPTICS A: PURE AND APPLIED OPTICS J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 3 (2001) S103­S120 PII: S1464-4258(01)27690-9 Photonic bandgap materials: towards an all-optical September 2001 Published 26 October 2001 Online at stacks.iop.org/JOptA/3/S103 Abstract We describe all-optical

  11. 'R. S. Pound, M. A. Saifi, W. C. Hahn, Jr., Solid-State Electron. 17, 245 2S. Margalit, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, c.-P. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodall, Jerry M.

    . Fekete, D. M. Pepper, c.-P. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 346 (1978). 'R. B. Gold, R. A'R. S. Pound, M. A. Saifi, W. C. Hahn, Jr., Solid-State Electron. 17, 245 (1974). 2S. Margalit, D. D. Hess, C. F. Krum, Ref. 3, p. 641. 5p. A. Barnes, H. J. Leamy, J. M. Poate, and G. K. Celler

  12. Structure and Biochemical Properties of PRL-1, a Phosphatase Implicated in Cell Growth, Differentiation, and Tumor Invasion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun,J.; Wang, W.; Yang, H.; Liu, S.; Liang, F.; Fedorov, A.; Almo, S.; Zhang, Z.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The PRL (phosphatase of regenerating liver) phosphatases constitute a novel class of small, prenylated phosphatases that are implicated in promoting cell growth, differentiation, and tumor invasion, and represent attractive targets for anticancer therapy. Here we describe the crystal structures of native PRL-1 as well as the catalytically inactive mutant PRL-1/C104S in complex with sulfate. PRL-1 exists as a trimer in the crystalline state, burying 1140 Angstroms{sup 2} of accessible surface area at each dimer interface. Trimerization creates a large, bipartite membrane-binding surface in which the exposed C-terminal basic residues could cooperate with the adjacent prenylation group to anchor PRL-1 on the acidic inner membrane. Structural and kinetic analyses place PRL-1 in the family of dual specificity phosphatases with closest structural similarity to the Cdc14 phosphatase and provide a molecular basis for catalytic activation of the PRL phosphatases. Finally, native PRL-1 is crystallized in an oxidized form in which a disulfide is formed between the active site Cys104 and a neighboring residue Cys49, which blocks both substrate binding and catalysis. Biochemical studies in solution and in the cell support a potential regulatory role of this intramolecular disulfide bond formation in response to reactive oxygen species such as H{sub 2}O{sub 2}.

  13. Chemical and Structural Features of Plants That Contribute to Biomass Recalcitrance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeMartini, Jaclyn Diana

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wheat Straw Pretreated for Bioethanol Production. BiotechnolWheat Straw Pretreated for Bioethanol Production. Biotechnol1996) Handbook on Bioethanol: Production and Utilization (

  14. Metabolic engineering of microorganisms for biofuels production: from bugs to synthetic biology to fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuk Lee, Sung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of microbial hosts for biofuels production. Metab Eng 2008,delivers next-generation biofuels. Nat Biotechnol 27.furfural (HMF). Biotechnol Biofuels 2008, 1:12. 40. Trinh

  15. Dosimetric parameters as predictive factors for biochemical control in patients with higher risk prostate cancer treated with Pd-103 and supplemental beam radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orio, Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Wallner, Kent [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States) and Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States) and Group Health Cooperative, Seattle, WA (United States)]. E-mail: kent.Wallner@med.va.gov; Merrick, Gregory [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Herstein, Andrew [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Mitsuyama, Paul [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States); Thornton, Ken [Varian Medical Systems, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Butler, Wayne [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling, WV (United States); Sutlief, Steven [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To analyze the role of dosimetric quality parameters in maximizing cancer eradication in higher risk prostate cancer patients treated with palladium (Pd)-103 and supplemental beam radiation. Methods: One-hundred-seventy-nine patients treated with Pd-103 and supplemental beam radiation, with minimum 2 years follow-up prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values and posttreatment computed tomography scans were analyzed. Dosimetric parameters included the V100 (percent of the postimplant volume covered by the prescription dose), the D90 (the minimum dose that covered 90% of the post implant volume), and the treatment margins (the radial distance between the prostatic edge and the prescription isodose). Treatment margins (TMs) were calculated using premarket software. Results: Freedom from biochemical failure was 79% at 3 years, with 92 of the 179 patients (51%) followed beyond 3 years. In comparing patients who did or did not achieve biochemical control, the most striking differences were in biologic factors of pretreatment PSA and Gleason score. The V100, D90, and average TM all showed nonsignificant trends to higher values in patients with biochemical control. In multivariate analysis of each of the three dosimetric parameters against PSA and Gleason score, TM showed the strongest correlation with biochemical control (p = 0.19). Conclusions: For patients with intermediate and high-risk prostate cancer treated with Pd-103 brachytherapy and external beam radiation, biologic factors (PSA and Gleason score) were the most important determinants of cancer eradication. However, there is a trend to better outcomes among patients with higher quality implant parameters, suggesting that attention to implant quality will maximize the likelihood of cure.

  16. Response to Comment on '#28;Twin Symmetry Texture of Energetically Condensed 2 Niobium Thin Films on Sapphire Substrate' #29; [J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033523(2011)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xin Zhao, Charles Reece, Phillips Larry, Mahadevan Krishnan, Kang Seo

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Welander commented that in our article [J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033523(2011)] , Zhao et al claim to have found a new three-dimensional (3D) relationship for niobium-on-sapphire epitaxy?. Welander might have misunderstood the purpose of our article, which was to show that energetic condensation of Nb on sapphire drives crystal growth that is quite distinct from the type of epitaxy encountered in lower energy deposition. Welander is correct about the misidentified crystal-directions in the top-view sapphire lattice (Fig.4[ref.1]). He is also correct about the misorientation of the pole figures in Fig4[ref.1]. In Fig.1 of this response, we have corrected these errors. Perhaps because of these errors, Welander misconstrued our discussion of the Nb crystal growth as claiming a new 3D registry. That was not our intention. Rather, we wished to highlight the role of energetic condensation that drives low-defect crystal growth by a combination of non-equilibrium sub-plantation that disturbs the substrate lattice and thermal annealing that annihilates defects and promotes large-grain crystal growth.

  17. Microfluidic Technology Platforms for Synthesizing, Labeling and Measuring the Kinetics of Transport and Biochemical Reactions for Developing Molecular Imaging Probes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phelps, Michael E.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiotracer techniques are used in environmental sciences, geology, biology and medicine. Radiotracers with Positron Emission Tomography (PET) provided biological examinations of ~3 million patients 2008. Despite the success of positron labeled tracers in many sciences, there is limited access in an affordable and convenient manner to develop and use new tracers. Integrated microfluidic chips are a new technology well matched to the concentrations of tracers. Our goal is to develop microfluidic chips and new synthesis approaches to enable wide dissemination of diverse types of tracers at low cost, and to produce new generations of radiochemists for which there are many unfilled jobs. The program objectives are to: 1. Develop an integrated microfluidic platform technology for synthesizing and 18F-labeling diverse arrays of different classes of molecules. 2. Incorporate microfluidic chips into small PC controlled devices (“Synthesizer”) with a platform interfaced to PC for electronic and fluid input/out control. 3. Establish a de-centralized model with Synthesizers for discovering and producing molecular imaging probes, only requiring delivery of inexpensive [18F]fluoride ion from commercial PET radiopharmacies vs the centralized approach of cyclotron facilities synthesizing and shipping a few different types of 18F-probes. 4. Develop a position sensitive avalanche photo diode (PSAPD) camera for beta particles embedded in a microfluidic chip for imaging and measuring transport and biochemical reaction rates to valid new 18F-labeled probes in an array of cell cultures. These objectives are met within a research and educational program integrating radio-chemistry, synthetic chemistry, biochemistry, engineering and biology in the Crump Institute for Molecular Imaging. The Radiochemistry Training Program exposes PhD and post doctoral students to molecular imaging in vitro in cells and microorganisms in microfluidic chips and in vivo with PET, from new technologies for radiochemistry (macro to micro levels), biochemistry and biology to imaging principles, tracer kinetics, pharmacokinetics and biochemical assays. New generations of radiochemists will be immersed in the biochemistry and biology for which their labeled probes are being developed for assays of these processes. In this program engineers and radio-chemists integrate the principles of microfluidics and radiolabeling along with proper system design and chemistry rule sets to yield Synthesizers enabling biological and pharmaceutical scientists to develop diverse arrays of probes to pursue their interests. This progression would allow also radiochemists to focus on the further evolution of rapid, high yield synthetic reactions with new enabling technologies, rather than everyday production of radiotracers that should be done by technologists. The invention of integrated circuits in electronics established a platform technology that allowed an evolution of ideas and applications far beyond what could have been imagined at the beginning. Rather than provide a technology for the solution to a single problem, it is hoped that microfluidic radiochemistry will be an enabling platform technology for others to solve many problems. As part of this objective, another program goal is to commercialize the technologies that come from this work so that they can be provided to others who wish to use it.

  18. Greater Biopsy Core Number Is Associated With Improved Biochemical Control in Patients Treated With Permanent Prostate Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bittner, Nathan [Tacoma/Valley Radiation Oncology Centers, Tacoma, WA (United States); Merrick, Gregory S., E-mail: gmerrick@urologicresearchinstitute.or [Schiffler Cancer Center/Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States); Galbreath, Robert W.; Butler, Wayne M. [Schiffler Cancer Center/Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States); Adamovich, Edward [Department of Pathology, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA (United States)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Standard prostate biopsy schemes underestimate Gleason score in a significant percentage of cases. Extended biopsy improves diagnostic accuracy and provides more reliable prognostic information. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that greater biopsy core number should result in improved treatment outcome through better tailoring of therapy. Methods and Materials: From April 1995 to May 2006, 1,613 prostate cancer patients were treated with permanent brachytherapy. Patients were divided into five groups stratified by the number of prostate biopsy cores ({<=}6, 7-9, 10-12, 13-20, and >20 cores). Biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS), cause-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated as a function of core number. Results: The median patient age was 66 years, and the median preimplant prostate-specific antigen was 6.5 ng/mL. The overall 10-year bPFS, CSS, and OS were 95.6%, 98.3%, and 78.6%, respectively. When bPFS was analyzed as a function of core number, the 10-year bPFS for patients with >20, 13-20, 10-12, 7-9 and {<=}6 cores was 100%, 100%, 98.3%, 95.8%, and 93.0% (p < 0.001), respectively. When evaluated by treatment era (1995-2000 vs. 2001-2006), the number of biopsy cores remained a statistically significant predictor of bPFS. On multivariate analysis, the number of biopsy cores was predictive of bPFS but did not predict for CSS or OS. Conclusion: Greater biopsy core number was associated with a statistically significant improvement in bPFS. Comprehensive regional sampling of the prostate may enhance diagnostic accuracy compared to a standard biopsy scheme, resulting in better tailoring of therapy.

  19. Impact of Ultrahigh Baseline PSA Levels on Biochemical and Clinical Outcomes in Two Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Prostate Clinical Trials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodrigues, George, E-mail: george.rodrigues@lhsc.on.c [Department of Oncology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Bae, Kyounghwa [Department of Statistics, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Roach, Mack [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Lawton, Colleen [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin (United States); Donnelly, Bryan [Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Grignon, David [Department of Pathology, Indiana Pathology Institute, Indianapolis, Indiana (United States); Hanks, Gerald [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Porter, Arthur [Department of Oncology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Lepor, Herbert [Department of Urology, NY University Langone Medical Center, New York, New York (United States); Sandler, Howard [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To assess ultrahigh (UH; prostate-specific antigen [PSA]levels {>=}50 ng/ml) patient outcomes by comparison to other high-risk patient outcomes and to identify outcome predictors. Methods and Materials: Prostate cancer patients (PCP) from two Phase III Radiation Therapy Oncology Group clinical trials (studies 9202 and 9413) were divided into two groups: high-risk patients with and without UH baseline PSA levels. Predictive variables included age, Gleason score, clinical T stage, Karnofsky performance score, and treatment arm. Outcomes included overall survival (OS), distant metastasis (DM), and biochemical failure (BF). Unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using either the Cox or Fine and Gray's regression model with associated 95% confidence intervals (CI) and p values. Results: There were 401 patients in the UH PSA group and 1,792 patients in the non-UH PSA PCP group of a total of 2,193 high-risk PCP. PCP with UH PSA were found to have inferior OS (HR, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.02-1.39, p = 0.02), DM (HR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.19-1.92; p = 0.0006), and BF (HR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.29-1.73; p < 0.0001) compared to other high-risk PCP. In the UH cohort, PSA level was found to be a significant factor for the risk of DM (HR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.001-1.02) but not OS and BF. Gleason grades of 8 to 10 were found to consistently predict for poor OS, DM, and BF outcomes (with HR estimates ranging from 1.41-2.36) in both the high-risk cohort and the UH cohort multivariable analyses. Conclusions: UH PSA levels at diagnosis are related to detrimental changes in OS, DM, and BF. All three outcomes can be modeled by various combinations of all predictive variables tested.

  20. Evaluation of Ki-67 Staining Levels as an Independent Biomarker of Biochemical Recurrence After Salvage Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Alexander S., E-mail: parker.alexander@mayo.ed [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Heckman, Michael G.; Wu, Kevin J.; Crook, Julia E.; Hilton, Tracy W. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Pisansky, Thomas M. [Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN (United States); Bernard, Johnny R. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Schild, Steven E. [Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsdale, AZ (United States); Khor, Li Yan; Hammond, Elizabeth H. [University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Pollack, Alan [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Buskirk, Steven J. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States)

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: We recently published a scoring algorithm to predict biochemical recurrence (BCR) after salvage radiation therapy (SRT) for prostate cancer. Currently, this algorithm is based on clinicopathologic features and does not incorporate information from tumor-based biomarkers. Herein, we evaluate the ability of Ki-67 staining in primary prostate cancer to independently aid in the prediction of BCR among men undergoing SRT. Methods and Materials: We identified 147 patients who were treated with SRT between July 1987 and July 2003 at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN; Jacksonville, FL; Scottsdale, AZ). Staining levels of Ki-67 in primary tumor samples were detected by use of a monoclonal antibody and quantified by use of a computer-assisted method. We used Cox proportional hazards models to examine the association of Ki-67 staining and BCR in single-variable models and after multivariable adjustment. Results: The risk of BCR for men with tumors in the highest tertile of Ki-67 staining is approximately two times that for men with tumors in the lower two tertiles (relative risk, 2.02; 95% confidence interval, 1.23-3.32; p = 0.005) after adjustment for the features in our original scoring algorithm. Further adjustment for additional covariates did not attenuate this association. Evidence from concordance index values supports that Ki-67 staining adds to the predictive ability of our existing scoring algorithm. Conclusions: Our data suggest that higher levels of Ki-67 staining are associated with increased risk of BCR after SRT, independent of existing clinicopathologic covariates. Future studies involving larger numbers of patients are required to validate these results and also explore possible means of combining this biomarker with existing prognostic tools.

  1. Multiple capillary biochemical analyzer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dovichi, N.J.; Zhang, J.Z.

    1995-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple capillary analyzer allows detection of light from multiple capillaries with a reduced number of interfaces through which light must pass in detecting light emitted from a sample being analyzed, using a modified sheath flow cuvette. A linear or rectangular array of capillaries is introduced into a rectangular flow chamber. Sheath fluid draws individual sample streams through the cuvette. The capillaries are closely and evenly spaced and held by a transparent retainer in a fixed position in relation to an optical detection system. Collimated sample excitation radiation is applied simultaneously across the ends of the capillaries in the retainer. Light emitted from the excited sample is detected by the optical detection system. The retainer is provided by a transparent chamber having inward slanting end walls. The capillaries are wedged into the chamber. One sideways dimension of the chamber is equal to the diameter of the capillaries and one end to end dimension varies from, at the top of the chamber, slightly greater than the sum of the diameters of the capillaries to, at the bottom of the chamber, slightly smaller than the sum of the diameters of the capillaries. The optical system utilizes optic fibers to deliver light to individual photodetectors, one for each capillary tube. A filter or wavelength division demultiplexer may be used for isolating fluorescence at particular bands. 21 figs.

  2. Tara Watkins Biochem 218

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    they lack the "clues" provided by template proteins, relying mainly on atomic interactions to predict even Resolution Protein Structure Prediction? 1. Introduction The number of novel proteins discovered each year the discovery of new proteins is certainly exciting, it is difficult to put this new knowledge to use without

  3. Chemical and Biochemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    - nology fields where they can test the side effects of antibiotics or develop agricultural chemicals clean drinking water to a village in Kenya, a country experiencing its worst drought in 20 years," said and three collab- orating institutions to improve the manufacture of pharmaceutical, food, and agricultural

  4. PSA Bounce and Biochemical Failure After Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer: A Study of 820 Patients With a Minimum of 3 Years of Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caloglu, Murat, E-mail: caloglumurat@hotmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne (Turkey); Ciezki, Jay P.; Reddy, Chandana A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Angermeier, Kenneth; Ulchaker, James [Glickman Urologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Chehade, Nabil; Altman, Andrew [Department of Urology, Kaiser Permanente-Ohio, Parma, OH (United States); Magi-Galuzzi, Christina [Department of Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Klein, Eric A. [Glickman Urologic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine clinical or dosimetric factors associated with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) bounce, as well as an association between a PSA bounce and biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS), in patients treated with iodine-125 brachytherapy. Methods and Materials: A variety of clinical and treatment factors were examined in 820 patients who had a minimum of 3 years of PSA follow-up with T1-T2cN0M0 prostate cancer. Four different PSA threshold values were used for defining a PSA bounce: a PSA rise of {>=}0.2, {>=}0.4, {>=}0.6, and {>=}0.8 ng/mL. Results: A PSA bounce of {>=}0.2, {>=}0.4, {>=}0.6, and {>=}0.8 ng/mL was noted in 247 patients (30.1%), 161 (19.6%), 105 (12.8%), and 78 (9.5%), respectively. The median time to the first PSA rise was 17.4, 16.25, 16.23, and 15.71 months, respectively, vs. 34.35 months for a biochemical failure (p < 0.0001). A PSA rise of {>=}0.2 ng/mL was the only definition for which there was a significant difference in bRFS between bounce and non-bounce patients. The 5-year bRFS rate of patients having a PSA bounce of {>=}0.2 was 97.7% vs. 91% for those who did not have a PSA bounce (p = 0.0011). On univariate analysis for biochemical failure, age, risk group, and PSAs per year had a statistically significant correlation with PSA bounce of {>=}0.2 ng/mL. On multivariate analysis, age and PSAs per year remained statistically significant (p < 0.0001 and p = 0.0456, respectively). Conclusions: A bounce definition of a rise {>=}0.2 ng/mL is a reliable definition among several other definitions. The time to first PSA rise is the most valuable factor for distinguishing between a bounce and biochemical failure.

  5. Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PAT GRANDELLI, P.E.; GREG ROCHELEAU; JOHN HAMRICK, Ph.D.; MATT CHURCH, Ph.D.; BRIAN POWELL, Ph.D.

    2012-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the modeling work by Makai Ocean Engineering, Inc. to simulate the biochemical effects of of the nutrient-enhanced seawater plumes that are discharged by one or several 100 megawatt OTEC plants. The modeling is needed to properly design OTEC plants that can operate sustainably with acceptably low biological impact. In order to quantify the effect of discharge configuration and phytoplankton response, Makai Ocean Engineering implemented a biological and physical model for the waters surrounding O`ahu, Hawai`i, using the EPA-approved Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC). Each EFDC grid cell was approximately 1 square kilometer by 20 meters deep, and used a time step of three hours. The biological model was set up to simulate the biochemical response for three classes of organisms: Picoplankton (< 2 um) such as prochlorococccus, nanoplankton (2-20 um), and microplankton (> 20 um) e.g., diatoms. The dynamic biological phytoplankton model was calibrated using chemical and biological data collected for the Hawaii Ocean Time Series (HOTS) project. Peer review of the biological modeling was performed. The physical oceanography model uses boundary conditions from a surrounding Hawai'i Regional Ocean Model, (ROM) operated by the University of Hawai`i and the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration. The ROM provided tides, basin scale circulation, mesoscale variability, and atmospheric forcing into the edges of the EFDC computational domain. This model is the most accurate and sophisticated Hawai'ian Regional Ocean Model presently available, assimilating real-time oceanographic observations, as well as model calibration based upon temperature, current and salinity data collected during 2010 near the simulated OTEC site. The ROM program manager peer-reviewed Makai's implementation of the ROM output into our EFDC model. The supporting oceanographic data was collected for a Naval Facilities Engineering Command / Makai project. Results: The model was run for a 100 MW OTEC Plant consisting of four separate ducts, discharging a total combined flow rate of 420 m3/s of warm water and 320 m3/s of cold water in a mixed discharge at 70 meters deep. Each duct was assumed to have a discharge port diameter of 10.5m producing a downward discharge velocity of about 2.18 m/s. The natural system, as measured in the HOTS program, has an average concentration of 10-15 mgC/m3. To calibrate the biological model, we first ran the model with no OTEC plant and varied biological parameters until the simulated data was a good match to the HOTS observations. This modeling showed that phytoplankton concentration were patchy and highly dynamic. The patchiness was a good match with the data variability observed within the HOTS data sets. We then ran the model with simulated OTEC intake and discharge flows and associated nutrients. Directly under the OTEC plant, the near-field plume has an average terminal depth of 172 meters, with a volumetric dilution of 13:1. The average terminal plume temperature was 19.8oC. Nitrate concentrations are 1 to 2 umol/kg above ambient. The advecting plume then further dilutes to less than 1 umol/kg above ambient within a few kilometers downstream, while remaining at depth. Because this terminal near-field plume is well below the 1% light limited depths (~120m), no immediate biological utilization of the nutrients occurs. As the nitrate is advected and dispersed downstream, a fraction of the deep ocean nutrients (< 0.5 umol/kg perturbation) mix upward where they are utilized by the ambient phytoplankton population. This occurs approximately twenty-five kilometers downstream from the plant at 110 - 70 meters depth. For pico-phytoplankton, modeling results indicate that this nutrient perturbation causes a phytoplankton perturbation of approximately 1 mgC/m3 (~10% of average ambient concentrations) that covers an area 10x5 km in size at the 70 to 90m depth. Thus, the perturbations are well within the natural variability of the system, generally corresponding to a 10 to 15% increase above the a

  6. J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol (2011) 38:873890 DOI 10.1007/s10295-011-0970-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with numerous applications in the food, agriculture, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries. Examples of these value-added compounds include many antibacterial and anticancer drugs, amino acids, organic acids bio- synthesis has several advantages. First, it avoids the use of heavy metals, organic solvents

  7. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. (2006), 16(2), 232239 Bacterial Community Structure in Activated Sludge Reactors Treating Free

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bae, Jin-Woo

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    treatments. Lately, scientific investigation of the biological treatment of cyanide-containing wastewater as an alternative to chemical processes is being increasingly undertaken. Biological treatment of cyanide , JONG-HWAN BAEK1 , YONG-HA PARK2 , AND SUNG-TAIK LEE1 * 1 Department of Biological Sciences, Korea

  8. Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol: Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humbird, D.; Davis, R.; Tao, L.; Kinchin, C.; Hsu, D.; Aden, A.; Schoen, P.; Lukas, J.; Olthof, B.; Worley, M.; Sexton, D.; Dudgeon, D.

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes one potential biochemical ethanol conversion process, conceptually based upon core conversion and process integration research at NREL. The overarching process design converts corn stover to ethanol by dilute-acid pretreatment, enzymatic saccharification, and co-fermentation. Building on design reports published in 2002 and 1999, NREL, together with the subcontractor Harris Group Inc., performed a complete review of the process design and economic model for the biomass-to-ethanol process. This update reflects NREL's current vision of the biochemical ethanol process and includes the latest research in the conversion areas (pretreatment, conditioning, saccharification, and fermentation), optimizations in product recovery, and our latest understanding of the ethanol plant's back end (wastewater and utilities). The conceptual design presented here reports ethanol production economics as determined by 2012 conversion targets and 'nth-plant' project costs and financing. For the biorefinery described here, processing 2,205 dry ton/day at 76% theoretical ethanol yield (79 gal/dry ton), the ethanol selling price is $2.15/gal in 2007$.

  9. Bio-crude transcriptomics: Gene discovery and metabolic network reconstruction for the biosynthesis of the terpenome of the hydrocarbon oil-producing green alga, Botryococcus braunii race B (Showa)*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from microalgae beats bioethanol. Trends Biotechnol 4. Scotta renewable source for bioethanol. Bioresour Technol 2011,

  10. Interval to Biochemical Failure Predicts Clinical Outcomes in Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer Treated by Combined-Modality Radiation Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shilkrut, Mark; McLaughlin, P. William [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Merrick, Gregory S. [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States)] [Schiffler Cancer Center, Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, West Virginia (United States); Vainshtein, Jeffrey M.; Feng, Felix Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hamstra, Daniel A., E-mail: dhamm@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To validate the prognostic value of interval to biochemical failure (IBF) in patients with high-risk prostate cancer (HiRPCa) treated with combined-modality radiation therapy (CMRT) with or without androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Methods and Materials: We conducted a retrospective review of HiRPCa (prostate-specific antigen >20 ng/mL, Gleason score [GS] 8-10, or clinical T stage T3-T4) treated with either dose-escalated external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or CMRT. Interval to biochemical failure was classified as ?18 or >18 months from the end of all therapy to the date of biochemical failure (BF). Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox proportional hazards regression were used to evaluate the prognostic value of IBF ?18 months for distant metastasis (DM) and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM). Results: Of 958 patients with a median follow-up of 63.2 months, 175 patients experienced BF. In those with BF, there were no differences in pretreatment clinical characteristics between the EBRT and CMRT groups, except for a higher proportion of patients with GS 8-10 in the CMRT group (70% vs 52%, P=.02). Median IBF after all therapy was 24.0 months (interquartile range 9.6-46.0) in the EBRT group and 18.9 months (interquartile range 9.2-34.5) in the CMRT group (P=.055). On univariate analysis, IBF ?18 months was associated with increased risk of DM and PCSM in the entire cohort and the individual EBRT and CMRT groups. On multivariate analysis, only GS 9-10 and IBF ?18 months, but not the radiation therapy regimen or ADT use, predicted DM (hazard ratio [HR] 3.7, P<.01, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.4-10.3 for GS 9-10; HR 3.9, P<.0001, 95% CI 2.4-6.5 for IBF ?18 months) and PCSM (HR 14.8, P<.009, 95% CI 2.0-110 for GS 9-10; HR 4.4, P<.0001, 95% CI 2.4-8.1 for IBF ?18 months). Conclusions: Short IBF was highly prognostic for higher DM and PCSM in patients with HiRPCa. The prognostic value of IBF for DM and PCSM was not affected by the radiation therapy regimen or ADT use.

  11. Intracellular Mechanisms of Adult Neural Progenitor Proliferation and Self-Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, Joseph Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Appl Biochem 40:5-16. 44. Peltier J, Schaffer DV. (2010).death. Nature 411:42-43. 49. Peltier J, O'Neill A, Schafferaccepted for publication as Peltier J, O’Neill A, Schaffer

  12. Comparison of Biochemical Relapse-Free Survival Between Primary Gleason Score 3 and Primary Gleason Score 4 for Biopsy Gleason Score 7 Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burdick, Michael J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States)], E-mail: burdicm@ccf.org; Reddy, Chandana A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Ulchaker, James; Angermeier, Kenneth [Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Altman, Andrew; Chehade, Nabil [Department of Urology, Kaiser Permanente Ohio, Cleveland, OH (United States); Mahadevan, Arul; Kupelian, Patrick A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Klein, Eric A. [Glickman Urologic and Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Ciezki, Jay P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States)

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine whether the primary grade (PG) of biopsy Gleason score (GS) 7 prostate cancer (CaP) was predictive for biochemical relapse-free survival (bRFS). Most of the present data regarding the PG of GS7 CaP refer to surgical specimens. Our goal was to determine whether the biopsy GS used at the time of medical decision making predicted for the biochemical outcome. Methods and Materials: We reviewed the data from 705 patients with biopsy GS7 CaP, from a prospectively maintained database, who had been treated at our institution between September 1996 and March 2005 with radical prostatectomy (n = 310), external beam radiotherapy (n = 268), or prostate radioactive seed implantation (n = 127). The bRFS rates were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used for univariate and multivariate analyses examining these factors in relation to bRFS: PG of biopsy GS, initial prostate-specific antigen level, clinical T stage, use of androgen deprivation, risk group (high or intermediate), and treatment modality. Results: The 5-year bRFS rate was 78% and 71% (p = 0.0108) for biopsy GS7 PG3 CaP and biopsy GS7 PG4 CaP, respectively. Comparing PG3 and PG4 within treatment modalities, only prostate implantation patients had a significant difference in the 5-year bRFS rate, 88% vs. 76%, respectively (p = 0.0231). On multivariate analysis, the PG of biopsy GS remained an independent predictor of bRFS, with PG3 having better bRFS than PG4 (relative risk, 0.655; 95% confidence interval, 0.472-0.909; p = 0.0113). Conclusion: Biopsy GS7 PG4 CaP carries a worse bRFS than biopsy GS7 PG3 CaP.

  13. The Interval to Biochemical Failure Is Prognostic for Metastasis, Prostate Cancer-Specific Mortality, and Overall Mortality After Salvage Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Skyler, E-mail: Skylerjohn3101@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Jackson, William; Li, Darren; Song, Yeohan; Foster, Corey; Foster, Ben; Zhou, Jessica; Vainshtein, Jeffrey; Feng, Felix; Hamstra, Daniel [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the utility of the interval to biochemical failure (IBF) after salvage radiation therapy (SRT) after radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer as a surrogate endpoint for distant metastasis (DM), prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM), and overall mortality (OM). Methods and Materials: A retrospective analysis of 575 patients treated with SRT after RP from a single institution. Of those, 250 patients experienced biochemical failure (BF), with the IBF defined as the time from commencement of SRT to BF. The IBF was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models for its association with DM, PCSM, and OM. Results: The median follow-up time was 85 (interquartile range [IQR] 49.8-121.1) months, with a median IBF of 16.8 (IQR, 8.5-37.1) months. With a cutoff time of 18 months, as previously used, 129 (52%) of patients had IBF ?18 months. There were no differences among any clinical or pathologic features between those with IBF ? and those with IBF >18 months. On log–rank analysis, IBF ?18 months was prognostic for increased DM (P<.0001, HR 4.9, 95% CI 3.2-7.4), PCSM (P<.0001, HR 4.1, 95% CI 2.4-7.1), and OM (P<.0001, HR 2.7, 95% CI 1.7-4.1). Cox proportional hazards models with adjustment for other clinical variables demonstrated that IBF was independently prognostic for DM (P<.001, HR 4.9), PCSM (P<.0001, HR 4.0), and OM (P<.0001, HR 2.7). IBF showed minimal change in performance regardless of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) use. Conclusion: After SRT, a short IBF can be used for early identification of patients who are most likely to experience progression to DM, PCSM, and OM. IBF ?18 months may be useful in clinical practice or as an endpoint for clinical trials.

  14. Comparing Apples to Apples: Benchmarking Electrocatalysts for Solar

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron4 Self-Scrubbing:,,of Science (SC) BESACU.S.

  15. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Meteorol. Appl. (2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , continuous streamflow, wildfire behaviour, crop yields, and renewable energy prediction, call for new ways. E-mail: e.ebert@bom.gov.au sensing of clouds from space-based and ground-based radar and lidar

  16. Cynthia Sandberg: Love Apple Farm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    That manure goes into the compost piles. That decomposes,classes and beekeeping and compost and vermiculture. So weor can I produce enough compost and worm castings here so

  17. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3 P9a.

  18. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3 P9a.0a.

  19. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3 P9a.0a.1a.

  20. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3

  1. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3a. Appliances

  2. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3a.

  3. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3a.3a.

  4. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3a.3a.4a.

  5. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0 3a.3a.4a.5a.

  6. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 0

  7. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 02001 Appliance

  8. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 02001

  9. appl_household2001.pdf

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at Commercial andSeptember 25, 20123 (Million13) I 1 020019a.

  10. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalTheE.&Gasolinein7"10"3,a.6a.9a.

  11. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalTheE.&Gasolinein7"10"3,a.6a.9a.0a.

  12. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalTheE.&Gasolinein7"10"3,a.6a.9a.0a.1a.

  13. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks

  14. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 2001

  15. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households, 20012a.

  16. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households,

  17. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households,4a.

  18. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S. Households,4a.5a.

  19. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S.

  20. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S.2001 Appliance Types

  1. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S.2001 Appliance

  2. appl_household2001.pdf

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocksa. Appliances by Climate Zone, Million U.S.2001 Appliance9a.

  3. Conversion of D-ribulose 5-phosphate to D-xylulose 5-phosphate : new insights from structural and biochemical studies on human RPE.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liang, W.; Ouyang, S.; Shaw, N.; Joachimiak, A.; Zhang, R.; Liu, Z.; Biosciences Division; Chinese Academy of Sciences

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) confers protection against oxidative stress by supplying NADPH necessary for the regeneration of glutathione, which detoxifies H{sub 2}O{sub 2} into H{sub 2}O and O{sub 2}. RPE functions in the PPP, catalyzing the reversible conversion of D-ribulose 5-phosphate to D-xylulose 5-phosphate and is an important enzyme for cellular response against oxidative stress. Here, using structural, biochemical, and functional studies, we show that human D-ribulose 5-phosphate 3-epimerase (hRPE) uses Fe{sup 2+} for catalysis. Structures of the binary complexes of hRPE with D-ribulose 5-phosphate and D-xylulose 5-phosphate provide the first detailed molecular insights into the binding mode of physiological ligands and reveal an octahedrally coordinated Fe{sup 2+} ion buried deep inside the active site. Human RPE folds into a typical ({beta}/{alpha}){sub 8} triosephosphate isomerase (TIM) barrel with a loop regulating access to the active site. Two aspartic acids are well positioned to carry out the proton transfers in an acid-base type of reaction mechanism. Interestingly, mutating Ser-10 to alanine almost abolished the enzymatic activity, while L12A and M72A mutations resulted in an almost 50% decrease in the activity. The binary complexes of hRPE reported here will aid in the design of small molecules for modulating the activity of the enzyme and altering flux through the PPP.

  4. NREL 2012 Achievement of Ethanol Cost Targets: Biochemical Ethanol Fermentation via Dilute-Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Corn Stover

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tao, L.; Schell, D.; Davis, R.; Tan, E.; Elander, R.; Bratis, A.

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office, the annual State of Technology (SOT) assessment is an essential activity for quantifying the benefits of biochemical platform research. This assessment has historically allowed the impact of research progress achieved through targeted Bioenergy Technologies Office funding to be quantified in terms of economic improvements within the context of a fully integrated cellulosic ethanol production process. As such, progress toward the ultimate 2012 goal of demonstrating cost-competitive cellulosic ethanol technology can be tracked. With an assumed feedstock cost for corn stover of $58.50/ton this target has historically been set at $1.41/gal ethanol for conversion costs only (exclusive of feedstock) and $2.15/gal total production cost (inclusive of feedstock) or minimum ethanol selling price (MESP). This year, fully integrated cellulosic ethanol production data generated by National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researchers in their Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility (IBRF) successfully demonstrated performance commensurate with both the FY 2012 SOT MESP target of $2.15/gal (2007$, $58.50/ton feedstock cost) and the conversion target of $1.41/gal through core research and process improvements in pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and fermentation.

  5. Evaluation of B7-H3 Expression as a Biomarker of Biochemical Recurrence After Salvage Radiation Therapy for Recurrent Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parker, Alexander S., E-mail: parker.alexander@mayo.ed [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Heckman, Michael G. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Biostatistics Unit, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Sheinin, Yuri [Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN (United States); Wu, Kevin J.; Hilton, Tracy W. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Diehl, Nancy N. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Biostatistics Unit, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Pisansky, Thomas M. [Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN (United States); Schild, Steven E. [Mayo Clinic Arizona, Scottsadale, AZ (United States); Kwon, Eugene D. [Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN (United States); Buskirk, Steven J. [College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Florida, Jacksonville, FL (United States)

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The ability to predict which men will experience biochemical recurrence (BCR) after salvage radiation therapy (SRT) for recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) remains less than optimal. Related to this, novel targets for adjuvant therapies are also lacking. Here, we evaluate the association of B7-H3 expression in primary PCa tumors and BCR after SRT. Methods and Materials: We identified 148 patients who received SRT between July 1987 and July 2003. Expression of B7-H3 in primary PCa tumors was detected using a monoclonal antibody. The staining levels were quantified via visual assessment and categorized as weak, moderate, or marked. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine the association between B7-H3 staining and BCR. Results: With a median follow-up of 6.2 years (minimum, 0.6; maximum, 14.7), 78 patients (53%) experienced BCR. In single-variable analysis, there was evidence of an increased risk of BCR for patients with moderate (RR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.24-4.09, p = 0.008) and marked (RR, 4.40, 95% CI, 2.29-8.43, p < 0.001) B7-H3 staining compared with weak staining. This evidence remained, albeit weaker, after adjustment for additional clinicopathologic covariates (RR, 1.82, p = 0.068 [moderate vs. weak]; RR, 2.87, p = 0.003 [marked vs. weak]). Conclusion: This is the first report that higher tumor B7-H3 staining in primary PCa tumors is associated with increased risk of BCR after SRT. Future studies involving larger numbers of patients are required to validate these results and also to explore possible means of targeting B7-H3 in an adjuvant setting.

  6. Thermal analysis of biochemical systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McEuen, Scott Jacob

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientists, both academic and industrial, develop two main types of drugs: 1) small molecule drugs, which are usually chemically synthesized and are taken orally and 2) large molecule, biotherapeutic, or protein-based ...

  7. BioChem Cover story

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting the TWP TWPAlumniComplexMaterial Science |Materials Center atLSU

  8. Impact of Neoadjuvant Prostate-Specific Antigen Kinetics on Biochemical Failure and Prostate Cancer Mortality: Results From a Prospective Patient Database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foo, Marcus, E-mail: Marcus.Foo@petermac.org [Division of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne (Australia)] [Division of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Melbourne (Australia); Lavieri, Mariel [Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Pickles, Tom [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC (Canada)

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To confirm findings from an earlier report showing that neoadjuvant (NA) prostate-specific antigen (PSA) halving time (PSAHT) impacts biochemical failure (BF) rates, and to examine its association with prostate cancer-specific survival (PCSS), in a large prospective cohort of patients. Methods and Materials: A total of 502 patients were selected from a prospective database, who had localized prostate adenocarcinoma treated with 2-12 months of neoadjuvant androgen deprivation therapy (N-ADT) followed by external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) between 1994 and 2000, and had at least 2 NA PSA values. Seventy-four percent of patients had high-risk prostate cancer. Median initial PSA value, N-ADT duration, total ADT duration, and radiation therapy dose were 14 ng/mL, 6.9 months, 10.8 months, and 68 Gy, respectively. Results: At a median follow-up of 9.9 years, 210 patients have had a BF. Median PSAHT was 18 days. On univariate analysis, PSAHT was not shown to predict for BF (P=.69) or PCSS (P=.28). However, NA nadir PSA (nanPSA) and post-therapy nadir PSA (ptnPSA), when analyzed as continuous or categoric variables, predicted for BF (P<.001) and PCSS (P<.001). On multivariate analysis, nanPSA (P=.037) and ptnPSA (P<.001) continued to be significantly associated with BF. However, N-ADT duration lost significance (P=.67), and PSAHT remained a nonsignificant predictor (P=.97). For PCSS, multivariate analysis showed nanPSA (P=.049) and ptnPSA (P<.001) to be significant. Again PSAHT (P=.49) remained nonsignificant. Conclusions: In this large, prospective cohort of patients, NA PSA kinetics, expressed as PSAHT, did not predict BF or PCSS. However, nadir PSAs, in both the NA and post-therapy settings, were significant predictors of BF and PCSS. Optimization of therapy could potentially be based on early PSA response, with shorter durations of ADT for those predicted to do favorably, and intensification of therapy for those likely to have poorer outcomes.

  9. Larger Maximum Tumor Diameter at Radical Prostatectomy Is Associated With Increased Biochemical Failure, Metastasis, and Death From Prostate Cancer After Salvage Radiation for Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Skyler B.; Hamstra, Daniel A.; Jackson, William C.; Zhou, Jessica; Foster, Benjamin; Foster, Corey; Song, Yeohan; Li, Darren [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Palapattu, Ganesh S. [Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Kunju, Lakshmi; Mehra, Rohit [Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sandler, Howard [Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States); Feng, Felix Y., E-mail: ffeng@med.umich.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

    2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the maximum tumor diameter (MTD) of the dominant prostate cancer nodule in the radical prostatectomy specimen as a prognostic factor for outcome in patients treated with salvage external beam radiation therapy (SRT) for a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value after radical prostatectomy. Methods and Materials: From an institutional cohort of 575 patients treated with SRT, data on MTD were retrospectively collected. The impact of MTD on biochemical failure (BF), metastasis, and prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) was assessed on univariate and multivariate analysis using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models. Results: In the 173 patients with MTD data available, median follow-up was 77 months (interquartile range, 47-104 months) after SRT, and median MTD was 18 mm (interquartile range, 13-22 mm). Increasing MTD correlated with increasing pT stage, Gleason score, presence of seminal vesicle invasion, and lymph node invasion. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis identified MTD of >14 mm to be the optimal cut-point. On univariate analysis, MTD >14 mm was associated with an increased risk of BF (P=.02, hazard ratio [HR] 1.8, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-2.8), metastasis (P=.002, HR 4.0, 95% CI 2.1-7.5), and PCSM (P=.02, HR 8.0, 95% CI 2.9-21.8). On multivariate analysis MTD >14 mm remained associated with increased BF (P=.02, HR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1-3.2), metastasis (P=.02, HR 3.4, 95% CI 1.2-9.2), and PCSM (P=.05, HR 9.7, 95% CI 1.0-92.4), independent of extracapsular extension, seminal vesicle invasion, positive surgical margins, pre-RT PSA value, Gleason score, and pre-RT PSA doubling time. Conclusions: For patients treated with SRT for a rising PSA value after prostatectomy, MTD at time of radical prostatectomy is independently associated with BF, metastasis, and PCSM. Maximum tumor diameter should be incorporated into clinical decision making and future clinical risk assessment tools for those patients receiving SRT.

  10. Synovial fluid homeostasis : bulk flow, lubricant transport, and biophysical restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarty, William Joseph

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 for a biomimetic bioreactor. Biotechnol Bioeng. 106:149-4 for a biomimetic bioreactor. Biotechnol Bioeng Blom AM,affixed to the lid of a bioreactor, and suspended in media.

  11. 2 2014 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Biotechnol. J. 2014, 9, 23 DOI 10.1002/biot.201300522

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fermentation steps, and re- port critical assessment of their ap- plicability to bioethanol production

  12. Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology J Chem Technol Biotechnol 78:12591266 (online: 2003) DOI: 10.1002/jctb.898

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Tingyue

    of Chemical Engineering, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45701, USA Abstract: Filamentous fungi. Based on previous experimental experience and results, a 24­1 fractional factorial design was applied that pro- teases are responsible for the degradation of many heterologous proteins, such as human

  13. Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

    2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

  14. Apple Price List unh computer store

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -day battery life,1 even faster flash storage,2 and great built-in apps. It's thin, light, and durable enough Mac 260030 MacBook Air 11" 128GB flash storage Was $949 MD711LL/A Former Retail Price: $999 Now $799 260031 MacBook Air 11" 256GB flash storage Was $1,149 MD712LL/A Former Retail Price: $1,199 Now $999

  15. Published in J. Math. Anal. Appl.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitolo, Raffaele

    - namici del continuo" and "Leggi di conservazione e termodinamica in meccanica dei continui e in teorie di

  16. Published in J. Math. Anal. Appl.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitolo, Raffaele

    termodinamica in meccanica dei continui e in teorie di campo''), GNFM, GNSAGA, Universities of Lecce and Messina

  17. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Meteorol. Appl. 15: 318 (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of forecasting systems, or the desire for more meaningful verification approaches that address specific forecast operational modelling centres select model upgrades, or to help power companies make decisions on the purchaseScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/met.52 Review Forecast verification: current status

  18. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Meteorol. Appl. 18: 383405 (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duck, Thomas J.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar cycles combined with high surface albedo and long wave emissivity. The lim- ited geographical properties, can be obtained by using a light detection and ranging Correspondence to: G. J. Nott, Department of Physics and Atmo- spheric Science, 1459 Oxford Street, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4R2

  19. METEOROLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Meteorol. Appl. 18: 324333 (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Richard P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2011; Accepted 11 July 2011 1. Introduction Earth's radiative energy balance (solar radiative energy, Reading, Berks RG6 6AL, UK ABSTRACT: Satellite measurements and numerical forecast model reanalysis data radiative energy budget of the atmosphere and surface. The cloud radiative cooling effect through reflection

  20. Multicenter Analysis of Effect of High Biologic Effective Dose on Biochemical Failure and Survival Outcomes in Patients With Gleason Score 7-10 Prostate Cancer Treated With Permanent Prostate Brachytherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stone, Nelson N. [Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY (United States)], E-mail: nelsonstone@optonline.net; Potters, Louis [North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, NY (United States); Davis, Brian J. [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Ciezki, Jay P. [Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Zelefsky, Michael J. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Roach, Mack; Shinohara, Katsuto [University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (United States); Fearn, Paul A. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Kattan, Michael W. [Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH (United States); Stock, Richard G. [Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY (United States)

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To investigate the biochemical control rates and survival for Gleason score 7-10 prostate cancer patients undergoing permanent prostate brachytherapy as a function of the biologic effective dose (BED). Methods and Materials: Six centers provided data on 5,889 permanent prostate brachytherapy patients, of whom 1,078 had Gleason score 7 (n = 845) or Gleason score 8-10 (n = 233) prostate cancer and postimplant dosimetry results available. The median prostate-specific antigen level was 7.5 ng/mL (range, 0.4-300). The median follow-up for censored patients was 46 months (range, 5-130). Short-term hormonal therapy (median duration, 3.9 months) was used in 666 patients (61.8%) and supplemental external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in 620 (57.5%). The patients were stratified into three BED groups: <200 Gy (n = 645), 200-220 Gy (n = 199), and >220 Gy (n = 234). Biochemical freedom from failure (bFFF) was determined using the Phoenix definition. Results: The 5-year bFFF rate was 80%. The bFFF rate stratified by the three BED groups was 76.4%, 83.5%, and 88.3% (p < 0.001), respectively. Cox regression analysis revealed Gleason score, prostate-specific antigen level, use of hormonal therapy, EBRT, and BED were associated with bFFF (p < 0.001). Freedom from metastasis improved from 92% to 99% with the greatest doses. The overall survival rate at 5 years for the three BED groups for Gleason score 8-10 cancer was 86.6%, 89.4%, and 94.6%, respectively (p = 0.048). Conclusion: These data suggest that permanent prostate brachytherapy combined with EBRT and hormonal therapy yields excellent bFFF and survival results in Gleason score 7-10 patients when the delivered BEDs are >220 Gy. These doses can be achieved by a combination of 45-Gy EBRT with a minimal dose received by 90% of the target volume of 120 Gy of {sup 103}Pd or 130 Gy of {sup 125}I.

  1. Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Spectrometer for Detection of Methane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    Photonic Crystal Slot Waveguide Spectrometer for Detection of Methane 1 Funded by Environmental. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Texas, Austin #12;Motivation No other chip based optical Similar to: Doping of Semiconductor 3 #12;4 Photonic Crystal Bio-Chemical Sensors Loncar et al, Appl. Phys

  2. US Apple Association Having an Impact Insecticide Residues in Apple Juice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    weeks ago we would have said two weeks early, right now we're saying maybe a week early. The cool syrup, soybeans, and milk for residues of a number of different pesticides. While I hate to bore you

  3. I. Apples to apples $A^2$: photometric redshift predictions for next-generation surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ascaso, Begoña; Benítez, Narciso

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the first of a series of papers where we compare the expected performance of two of the largest stage IV next-generation surveys in the optical and infrared (LSST and Euclid), with a particular focus on cluster surveys. In this first paper, we introduce the mock catalogues we have utilized in this work, an N-body simulation+semi-analytical cone with a posterior modification with PhotReal, a technique which modifies the original photometry to make it more realistic by using an empirical library of spectral templates. We have confirmed the reliability of the mock catalogue by comparing the obtained color-magnitude relation, the luminosity and mass function and the angular correlation function with those of real data. We also analyze the behavior of the expected photometric redshifts for each different survey, in terms of photometric redshift resolution, photometric redshift bias and fraction of outliers. In addition, we discuss the benefits of using the BPZ \\emph{odds} photometric redshift quality param...

  4. Course 28123 Chemical/Biochemical Engineering Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simaan, Nabil

    and solid extraction, organic synthesis, fixed bed enzyme reactor, solids handling, combustion/ high, filtration, drying in a tunnel, spray drying, fluidization and fluidized bed drying, distillation, absorption

  5. Stochastic Control Analysis for Biochemical Reaction Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyung Hyuk Kim; Herbert M. Sauro

    2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we investigate how stochastic reaction processes are affected by external perturbations. We describe an extension of the deterministic metabolic control analysis (MCA) to the stochastic regime. We introduce stochastic sensitivities for mean and covariance values of reactant concentrations and reaction fluxes and show that there exist MCA-like summation theorems among these sensitivities. The summation theorems for flux variances are shown to depend on the size of the measurement time window ($\\epsilon$), within which reaction events are counted for measuring a single flux. The degree of the $\\epsilon$-dependency can become significant for processes involving multi-time-scale dynamics and is estimated by introducing a new measure of time scale separation. This $\\epsilon$-dependency is shown to be closely related to the power-law scaling observed in flux fluctuations in various complex networks. We propose a systematic way to control fluctuations of reactant concentrations while minimizing changes in mean concentration levels. Such orthogonal control is obtained by introducing a control vector indicating the strength and direction of parameter perturbations leading to a sensitive control. We also propose a possible implication in the control of flux fluctuation: The control distribution for flux fluctuations changes with the measurement time window size, $\\epsilon$. When a control engineer applies a specific control operation on a reaction system, the system can respond contrary to what is expected, depending on the time window size $\\epsilon$.

  6. SOME BIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BACILLUS LARVAE WHITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    chicken's egg yolks. The fresh farm milk was boiled and after cooling skin the which was formed was picked composition : Part A : 40 cm3 of egg yolk emulsion with cow's milk, which was made from 180 cm3 milk and 3 out. It was sterilized at 117°C for 20 min. in conical flask with crystal beads. After cooling the egg

  7. Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

    1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. 62 figures.

  8. Biochemical Conversion: Using Hydrolysis, Fermentation, and Catalysis...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the Whole BarrelTo Reduce U.S. Dependence on Oil Breaking the Biological Barriers to Cellulosic Ethanol, June 2006 Breaking the Biological Barriers to Cellulosic Ethanol, June 2006...

  9. Atomic force microscopy of biochemically tagged DNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogletree, D.F.; Kolbe, W.; Spengler, S.; Salmeron, M. (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, CA (United States)); Hansma, H.G.; Bezanilla, M. (Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States)); Sano, T.; Smith, C.S.; Cantor, C.R. (Boston Univ., MA (United States))

    1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Small fragments of DNA of known length were made with the polymerase chain reaction. These fragments had biotin molecules covalently attached at their ends. They were subsequently labeled with a chimeric protein fusion between streptavidin and two immunoglobulin G-binding domains of staphyloccocal protein A. This tetrameric species was expected to bind up to four DNA molecules via their attached biotin moieties. The DNA-protein complex was deposited on mica and imaged with an atomic force microscope. The images revealed the protein chimera at the expected location at the ends of the strands of DNA as well as the expected dimers, trimers, and tetramers of DNA bound to a single protein. 25 refs., 5 figs.

  10. Machine learning approaches to biochemical knowledge discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofle, Michael David

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    over my entire career in graduate school. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS First and foremost, I would like to thank Dr. Ioerger for giving me the opportunity to be an active researcher in the computer science department, and for teaching me valuable research..., Buben, Cramer, Crazy-Ray, Dominic Tortorice, Jerry, Laurie, Mike-D, Niel, Robo, Wolfman and of course Vanessa. There are far too many others to name. vn TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT Page . nl DEDICATION . . ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. TABLE OF CONTENTS...

  11. Biochemical and Genetic Characterization of Bacteriophage Holins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    To, Kam Ho

    2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    .......................................................................................... 9 Topology of the S protein ........................................................................... 9 Genetic analysis of S ................................................................................ 12 Sensitivity to the proton motive... ............................................................................................. 73 Antiholin function and sensitivity of hole formation to the topology of TMD1 ....................................................................................................... 75 Involvement of the cytoplasmic C-terminal domain...

  12. Multiscale simulations of biochemically reacting systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Yuhui

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy barriers for the phosphoryl transfer reaction in the wild-energy barriers for the reorientation of the side-chain of the P- site Ser in the wildEnergy barriers for the phosphoryl transfer reaction in the wild-

  13. Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow (Rocky Point, NY)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil.

  14. Huangshi Xinghua Biochemical Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel Jump to:Pennsylvania:County, Wyoming:Iowa:HuachucaHuangchuan

  15. Biochemical Conversion Related Links | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels DataEnergyDepartmentWind

  16. 2009 Biochemical Conversion Platform Review Report

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S. DEPARTMENTTechnologies Plenary Sessionof9Annual- Name

  17. Biochemical Conversion - Biorefinery Integration | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform isEnergyMeeting | Department of Energy BigNews »

  18. Patterns and Predictors of Early Biochemical Recurrence After Radical Prostatectomy and Adjuvant Radiation Therapy in Men With pT{sub 3}N{sub 0} Prostate Cancer: Implications for Multimodal Therapies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briganti, Alberto, E-mail: briganti.alberto@hsr.it [Department of Urology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute University, Milan (Italy); Joniau, Steven [Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Gandaglia, Giorgio [Department of Urology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute University, Milan (Italy); Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, University of Montreal, Montreal (Canada); Cozzarini, Cesare [Department of Radiotherapy, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan (Italy); Sun, Maxine [Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, University of Montreal, Montreal (Canada); Tombal, Bertrand [Department of Urology, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium); Haustermans, Karin [Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Hinkelbein, Wolfgang [Department of Radiation Oncology, Charité Universitätsmedizin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Berlin (Germany); Shariat, Shahrokh F. [Department of Urology, University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria); Karakiewicz, Pierre I. [Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, University of Montreal, Montreal (Canada); Montorsi, Francesco [Department of Urology, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Vita-Salute University, Milan (Italy); Van Poppel, Hein [Department of Urology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven (Belgium); Wiegel, Thomas [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Ulm, Ulm (Germany)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: The aim of our study was to evaluate patterns and predictors of early biochemical recurrence (eBCR) after radical prostatectomy (RP) and adjuvant radiation therapy (aRT) in order to identify which individuals might benefit from additional treatments. Methods and Materials: We evaluated 390 patients with pT{sub 3}N{sub 0} prostate cancer (PCa) receiving RP and aRT at 6 European centers between 1993 and 2006. Patients who were free from BCR at <2 years' follow-up were excluded. This resulted in 374 assessable patients. Early BCR was defined as 2 consecutive prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test values >0.2 ng/mL within 2 or 3 years after aRT. Uni- and multivariable Cox regression analyses predicting overall and eBCR after aRT were fitted. Covariates consisted of preoperative PSA results, surgical margins, pathological stage, Gleason score, and aRT dose. Results: Overall, 5- and 8-year BCR-free survival rates were 77.1% and 70.8%, respectively. At a median follow-up of 86 months after aRT, 33 (8.8%) and 55 (14.6%) men experienced BCR within 2 or 3 years after aRT, respectively. In multivariable analyses, Gleason scores of 8 to 10 represented the only independent predictor of eBCR after aRT (all, P?.01). The risk of BCR was significantly higher in patients with a Gleason score of 8 to 10 disease than in those with Gleason 2 to 6 within 24 months after treatment, after adjusting for all covariates (all, P?.04). However, given a 24-month BCR free period, the risk of subsequent BCR for men with poorly differentiated disease was equal to that of men with less aggressive disease (all, P?.3). Conclusions: High Gleason score represents the only predictor of eBCR after RP and aRT in patients affected by pT{sub 3}N{sub 0} PCa. Given the association between early PSA recurrence, clinical progression, and mortality, these patients might be considered candidates for adjuvant medical therapy and/or prophylactic whole-pelvis radiation therapy in addition to aRT, delivered to the prostatic bed.

  19. Strategies and Technologies for Improving Air Quality Around Ports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Mohammad Yusuf

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chisti, Y. Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnol. Adv. 2007,Y. Biodiesel from microalgae beats bioethanol. Trendsproprietary heterotrophic microalgae that grow in the dark.

  20. Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortman, J. L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Y. (2007) Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnol. Adv. 25,fuel production using microalgae. J. Jpn. Pet. Inst. 48,Figure 1). Biodiesel from microalgae-derived lipids has been

  1. Bio-crude transcriptomics: Gene discovery and metabolic network reconstruction for the biosynthesis of the terpenome of the hydrocarbon oil-producing green alga, Botryococcus braunii race B (Showa)*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2. Chisti Y: Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnol Adv 2007,Chisti Y: Biodiesel from microalgae beats bioethanol. TrendsRW, Flynn KJ: Placing microalgae on the biofuels priority

  2. Cartilage tissue engineering with human chondrocytes from osteoarthritic knees and a semi-permeable membrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh-Bonassera, Nancy D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    scaffolds in a closed bioreactor system . Biotechnol Bioengrelevance for automated bioreactor systems . Tissue Eng 13 :closed and scaffold-free bioreactor system that permits

  3. Rapid Evolution of Coral Proteins Responsible for Interaction with the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voolstra, Christian R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AM (2010) Development and heat stress-induced transcriptomicTranscriptomic responses to heat stress and bleaching in thefaveolata) during heat stress. Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2: 533–

  4. Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortman, J. L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Proc.187 24 Fukuda, H. et al. (2001) Biodiesel fuel production by26 Chisti, Y. (2007) Biodiesel from microalgae. Biotechnol.

  5. The Potential of Cellulosic Ethanol Production from Municipal Solid Waste: A Technical and Economic Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shi, Jian; Ebrik, Mirvat; Yang, Bin; Wyman, Charles E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1996 19950414. Municipal solid waste processing facility andconversion of municipal-solid-waste to ethanol. Biotechnol.Bioconversion of municipal solid waste to glucose for bio-

  6. Evolutionary Study of Genome Features in Cereals: a Focus on Endogenous Small RNA Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nohzadeh-Malakshah, Sahar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    overlapping genes in Metazoa. In BMC Genomics, pp. 174.B. (2012). Compressive genomics. In Nat Biotechnol , pp.Ibarra, J. (2011). Crop genomics: advances and applications.

  7. Carbon Accounting and Economic Model Uncertainty of Emissions from Biofuels-Induced Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plevin, Richard J; Beckman, Jayson; Golub, Alla A; Witcover, Julie; O'??Hare, Michael

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse GasesLife-Cycle Assessment of Biofuels. Environmental Science &cellulosic ethanol. Biotechnol Biofuels 6 (1), 51. Elliott,

  8. Dieselzymes: development of a stable and methanol tolerant lipase for biodiesel production by directed evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korman, Tyler P; Sahachartsiri, Bobby; Charbonneau, David M; Huang, Grace L; Beauregard, Marc; Bowie, James U

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J, Campelo JM, Romero AA: Biodiesel as feasible petrol fueltowards ever greener biodiesel production. Biotechnol Adv 3.T, Bielecki S: Enzymatic biodiesel synthesis - key factors

  9. Plant genetics, sustainable agriculture and global food security.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald, Pamela

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pact of commercialized GM crops. Nat. Biotechnol. 28: 319–of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops. In- ternational Service2009 The global pipeline of new GM crops: implications of

  10. 2008 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 565 Biotechnol. J. 2008, 3, 565 DOI 10.1002/biot.200800096 www.biotechnology-journal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , environmental and health as- pects up to the social impact of biotechnology. BTJ also features a Forum magazine.200800096 www.biotechnology-journal.com Thank you and best regards, Sang Yup Lee Co Journal Professor of Biotechnology Department of Biotechnology University of Natural Resources and Applied

  11. Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology plat-form for the analysis of gene regulatory networks in corynebacteria and Escherichia coli, J. Biotechnol. (2007),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems of Biotechnology xxx (2007) xxx­xxx CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology platform for the analysis., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology plat- form for the analysis of gene regulatory networks

  12. COBIOT-978; NO. OF PAGES 6 Please cite this article in press as: Gonzalez A, et al. Characterizing microbial communities through space and time, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2011), doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2011.11.017

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2011, 23:1­6 This review comes from a themed issue on Environmental biotechnology Edited by Terry Hazen II3 , Sejin Song3,4 , Ashley Shade5 , Jessica L Metcalf4 and Rob Knight4,6 Until recently, the study and environmental health. Here, we review the potential for combining these new technologies with both traditional

  13. 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 1317 Biotechnol. J. 2012, 7, 1317 DOI 10.1002/biot.201200346 www.biotechnology-journal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    has completely overlooked is the prog- ress in our knowledge of producing of biofuel and bioenergy is the efficiency of converting light, using CO2, for the production of biomass, biofuel, or organic compounds-Editor-in-Chief, Biotechnology Journal Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) E-mail: leesy

  14. 2011 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 1 Biotechnol. J. 2011, 6 DOI 10.1002/biot.201000109 www.biotechnology-journal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández de Córdoba, Pedro

    processes for the first, second, and third generation biofuels. However, the design of a clean industrial is a model cyanobacterium capable of producing biofuels with CO2 as carbon source and with its metabolism

  15. 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Biotechnol. J. 2013, 8, 1314 www.biotechnology-journal.comDOI 10.1002/biot.201200356

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , amino acid metabolism, tetra- pyrroles, lipids and glycolipids, ste- roids and isoprenoids, cofactors, Chapter 4 is devoted to protein bio- synthesis, modification and degrada- tion. Starting with protein

  16. COBIOT-854; NO. OF PAGES 8 Please cite this article in press as: Lovley DR, Nevin KP. A shift in the current: New applications and concepts for microbe-electrode electron exchange, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2011), doi:10.1016/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - trical power with microbial fuel cells over the last decade, some of the early optimism for power in aquatic sediments with benthic microbial fuel cells continues to be a promising application [5­8]. However, after some of the rather obvious design flaws in early microbial fuel cells were rectified, there has

  17. j Biological Effectiveness and ApplLtion of Heavy Ions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    quality and dose. The theoretical model of track structure can be used in dose-effect calculations DETECTORS; RADIATION QUALITY; RADIOTHERAPY; RBE; SURVIVAL CURVES UDC 537.534 : 615.849 This work is based to the total effect in a very complex way. The result is that measurement of the ab- sorbed dose no longer

  18. SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Vol. 48, No. 2, April 1988

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daripa, Prabir

    . Introduction. Polymer flooding of oil reservoirs is known to be an effective method of tertiary oil recovery-thickened aqueous phase is more viscous than pure water, an increase in the net oil recovery is achieved through (1 on the efficiency ofoil recovery. These waves influence and can prevent surface instabilities of the fingering mode

  19. Submitted to Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng. AN OVERVIEW OF ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    These schemes have been introduced in a somewhat different (although equivalent) form by Orszag, Israeli & Deville [32] and Karniadakis, Israeli & Orszag [26].

  20. apple aphid dysaphis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    such as Soybean mosaic virus and Alfalfa mosaic virus. The soybean aphid has a complex life cycle that involves Jurenka, Russell A. 113 Leaf epicuticular wax ultrastructure and...

  1. apple quality attributes: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    quality Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: Normative Data for FILE over the Family Life Cycle??? 45 7 FILE, DAS, and RAM Cronbach Alphas...

  2. apples western metadata: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Archive Summary: Instalment on the role of metadata within the digital curation life-cycle. Describes the increasingly important role of metadata for digital curation,...

  3. apple mosaic virus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Satellite RNA University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: origin and life cycle of viroids and human hepatitis delta virus.origin of the subviral agents in general....

  4. apple blossom amaryllidaceae: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    general, computational plasma physics is a powerful alternative for experimental plasma research. A challenge of computational plasma physics is the development and exploitation...

  5. An Apple a Day Keeps the Parkinson’s Away

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spitler, Kevin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logroscino G, Hernán MA. Gout and risk of Parkinson disease:found that male patients with gout, a disease process withsuch as an increased risk for gout, cardiovascular disease,

  6. Stem and Calyx Recognition on `Jonagold' Apples by Pattern Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    ´e Polytechnique de Mons, Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B-7000, Mons, Belgium B. Gosselin TCTS Labs., Facult´e Polytechnique de Mons, Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B

  7. ANALOG-DIGITAL INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM FOR APPLE CO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    Initialization Program - ADIOS INITB Appendix 2 Test Program - ADIOS TEST Appendix 3 AND9513 Utilization Appendix HI-506A. Multiplexer F. Sprague UHP -507 Relay Driver G. Teledyne Solid-State Relays H. Advanced bus driver, a 4-bit relay driver, or two solid-state relays. Three of the digital output bits can

  8. apple latent spherical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Regarding Jones, Peter JS 102 Brain morphometry by probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites Summary: Brain morphometry by...

  9. Publish by Abstract RNA Extraction From Different Apple Tissues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korban, Schuyler S.

    Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois, 310 Madigan Building, 1201 West Gregory Drive, Urbana, IL 6180; 2 Biotechnology Keck Center, University of Illinois, 354 of fresh material. This method is of low cost and easy to perform. Full text : This article, in detail

  10. Appl. Phys. B 68, 649655 (1999) Applied Physics B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    desorption the excess barrier energy is to a large extent re- leased to silicon phonons. Such a scenario of the published experimental and theoret- ical work it is currently not possible to give a definite answer the results of dy- namical studies based on ab initio potential-energy surfaces for Si(001

  11. MFR PAPER 1015 ApplYing modern methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /ltl/,II/(II/I, (/11" (,) ",I',I"pll/,IIT "/l/llIrhl and (oml/lIlt r (/( (CPIll//( t' INTRODUCTION It eem clear

  12. Employers Attending Apple Growth Partners www.applegrowth.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollins, Andrew M.

    Eaton Corporation ­ www.eaton.com Address: 1000 Eaton Blvd., Beachwood, OH 44122 Contact: Lindsay Herman, LindsaySHerman@eaton.com, (440) 523-4271 Degrees: Bachelors, Masters Positions: Full-time Hire F1 Visa Positions: Full-time, Internship, Practicum Hire F1 Visa: Yes The Lubrizol Corporation ­ www

  13. Crunching Solar Numbers: The Big Apple Uses Big Data

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City University of New York (CUNY) and its partners developed an analytics-based approach that makes it easier to spot key solar market indicators such as new permit applications and...

  14. APPLIED COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY Appl. Cognit. Psychol. 20: 487503 (2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montello, Daniel R.

    on tests of spatial relations (Bennet, Seashore, & Wesman, 1981), which measure the ability to recognize

  15. apple replant disease: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Province, 712000, P. R. China; and Alan R. Biggs, Kearneysville Tree Fruit Research and Education Center, moldy core was very common in...

  16. apple core rot: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Province, 712000, P. R. China; and Alan R. Biggs, Kearneysville Tree Fruit Research and Education Center, moldy core was very common in...

  17. apple fruit development: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Province, 712000, P. R. China; and Alan R. Biggs, Kearneysville Tree Fruit Research and Education Center, moldy core was very common in...

  18. apple fruit callus: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    China Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Province, 712000, P. R. China; and Alan R. Biggs, Kearneysville Tree Fruit Research and Education Center, moldy core was very common in...

  19. SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Voi. 48, No. 5, October 1988

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    Science Foundation grant DMS-831229, Department of Energy contract DE-AC02-76ER03077, by the University, and by CNPq/Brazil grant 403039/84-MA. $ Department of Mathematics, Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 22453. This work was supported in part by CNPq/Brazil fellowship 30

  20. J Control Theory Appl Limitations in Tracking Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 1.Computer & Engineering Technology Department, Room 100, 921 Paseo de Onate, Espanola, NM 87532 with the reference signal, rendering feedback useless. We also find a lower bound on the expected squared tracking

  1. apple rust mite: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the tarsonemids, a serious increase in P. latus on chilli has coincided with the growing cultivation of this crop, whereas increasing population levels of Steneotarsonemus spinki...

  2. apple integrated pest: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the tarsonemids, a serious increase in P. latus on chilli has coincided with the growing cultivation of this crop, whereas increasing population levels of Steneotarsonemus spinki...

  3. ENERGY COMMISSION APPL.lCATION FOR SOURCE MATERIAL LICENSE

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA group currentBradleyTableSelling7111AWell: Gas productionDynamic , andCOMMISSION

  4. From: Nicholas Ammann [mailto:nammann@apple.com]

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdf Flash2010-60.pdf2Jessi O"BannonMaryellenOctoberTuesday,

  5. From: Nicholas Ammann [mailto:nammann@apple.com]

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers3.pdf0-45.pdf0 Budget Fossil Energy FYWednesday, December 03, 2014 7:50

  6. AMR Power Private Ltd APPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE Jump to: navigation, search Name: AMEE Place:Traun,AMISAMR

  7. Apple Valley, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon Capture and SequestrationAnemoiAnokaApi Nova

  8. Apples with apples: accounting for fuel price risk in comparisons of gas-fired and renewable generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from the EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook 2001 and 2002,forecast contained in Annual Energy Outlook 2003 a seven-forecast contained in Annual Energy Outlook 2003. the six-

  9. Apple Maturity Protocol Tests for apple flesh firmness and starch conversion are important tools for monitoring crop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    liter of iodine solution. Store iodine solution in an amber bottle (photographic supply type) or a glass bottle with aluminum foil wrapper. The cap should be non metallic, as the solution will disintegrate

  10. Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection.doc September 2013 Instructions for Apple Leaf Sample Collection Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    . MAKE OUT a check or money order payable to UVM, and enclose check, information sheets, and leaf sample, available at most drugstores, for washing and rinsing the samples. Change the water as it becomes dirty

  11. Bacteriophage ms2 l protein: genetic and biochemical characterization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntosh, Brenley Kathleen

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . The cellular target of the lysis gene E from the prototypic microvirus, ?X174, and A2 from the prototypic allolevivirus, Q?, has been elucidated. In both cases, these proteins were demonstrated to inhibit specific enzymes within the peptidoglycan biosynthetic...

  12. Eur. J. Biochem. 255, 336 346 (1998) FEBS 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vetriani, Costantino

    lead to the creation of novel applications of en- zyme-based technology in industries such as those and the comparison of this structure with its counterparts from the mesophiles Clostridium symbiosum and Escherichia for the superior thermal stability of the hyperthermostable enzyme. In the light of this, we have carried out

  13. Biochemical Mechanisms and Energy Strategies of Geobacter Sulfurreducens

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tien, Ming; Brantley, Susan L.

    2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    To provide the scientific understanding required to allow DOE sites to incorporate relevant biological, chemical, and physical processes into decisions concerning environmental remediation, a fundamental understanding of the controls on micro-organism growth in the subsurface is necessary. Specifically, mobility of metals in the environment, including chromium, technetium and uranium, is greatly affected by the process of dissimilatory metal reduction (DMR), which has been shown to be an important biological activity controlling contaminant mobility in the subsurface at many DOE sites. Long-term maintenance of DMR at constant rates must rely upon steady fluxes of electron donors to provide the maintenance energy needed by organisms such as Geobacter sulfurreducens to maintain steady state populations in the subsurface.

  14. analytical chemistry biochemical: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from Analytical Chemistry, 1990, 62. Copyright 0 1990 by the American Chemical Society Ion Source Mark van Straaten,* Akos Vertes,' and Renaat Gijbels Department of Chemistry,...

  15. ORIGINAL PAPER Relationships between biochemical attributes (non-structural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in the heartwood. 2-(Hydroxymethyl)anthraquinone and P1, an unidentified compound, were only detected concentrations of 1,4-naphthoquinone, anthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid, and lapachol were also only detected) suggest that P1, 2-(hydroxymethyl)anthraquinone and tectoquinone could be natural durability traits

  16. MBI Biorefinery: Corn to Biomass, Ethanol to Biochemicals and Biomaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The project is a continuation of DOE-funded work (FY02 and FY03) that has focused on the development of the ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) pretreatment technology, fermentation production of succinic acid and new processes and products to enhance dry mill profitability. The primary objective for work beginning in April 2004 and ending in November 2005 is focus on the key issues related to the: (1) design, costing and construction plan for a pilot AFEX pretreatment system, formation of a stakeholder development team to assist in the planning and design of a biorefinery pilot plant, continued evaluation of corn fractionation technologies, corn oil extraction, AFEX treatment of corn fiber/DDGs; (2) development of a process to fractionate AFEX-treated corn fiber and corn stover--cellulose and hemicellulose fractionation and sugar recovery; and (3) development of a scalable batch succinic acid production process at 500 L at or below $.42/lb, a laboratory scale fed-batch process for succinic acid production at or below $.40/lb, a recovery process for succinic acid that reduces the cost of succinic acid by $.02/lb and the development of an acid tolerant succinic acid production strain at lab scale (last objective not to be completed during this project time period).

  17. Towards on-Chip, Integrated Chalcogenide Glass Based Biochemical Sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Juejun

    This paper reviews ongoing progress in the development of novel on-chip planar molecular sensors in infrared-transparent chalcogenide glasses. We demonstrate on-chip cavity-enhanced refractometry and infrared absorption ...

  18. Chip Scale Interferometry A micro fluidic platform for biochemical sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sørensen Department of Optics and Plasma Research, Risø National Laboratory, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark

  19. Researchers Look Inside to Reveal Workings of a Powerful Biochemical...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    leads to disease when mutated A molecular model of the protein, PKA II-beta, based on neutron scattering with solvent contrast is laid over the neutron scattering data from the...

  20. Computational Molecular Biology Biochem 218 BioMedical Informatics 231

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    alleles. Many have multiple identified genes (*) Gene ABO HLA APOE F5 HBB CCR5 APC PPAR Phenotype Peptic, Nature 2007 Control Population Disease Population SNP chip Thanks to Daniel Newburger #12;A Quantitative Expression Quantitative Trait Loci (eQTLs) and Thanks to Daniel Newburger cDNA Levels #12;Genome

  1. Mechanical and biochemical properties of human cervical tissue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Kristin M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanical integrity of cervical tissue is crucial for maintaining a healthy gestation. Altered tissue biochemistry can cause drastic changes in the mechanical properties of the cervix and contribute to premature ...

  2. Maxwell's demon in biochemical signal transduction with feedback loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosuke Ito; Takahiro Sagawa

    2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Signal transduction in living cells is vital to maintain life itself, where information transfer in noisy environment plays a significant role. In a rather different context, thermodynamics of information processing by "Maxwell's demon" has been developed recently, leading to a unified theory of thermodynamics and information. Here we combine these two streams of researches, and show that the second law of thermodynamics with informational reveals the fundamental limit of the robustness of signal transduction against environmental fluctuations. Especially, we found that the degree of robustness is quantitatively characterized by an informational quantity called transfer entropy. Our information-thermodynamic approach is applicable to biological communication inside cells, where there is not any explicit channel coding in contrast to the case of artificial communication. Our result would open up a novel biophysical approach to understand information processing in living systems on the basis of the fundamental information-thermodynamic link.

  3. MHK Projects/Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Project Resource Click here Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Project Nearest Body of Water Pacific Ocean Coordinates 21.9, 158.75 Project Phase Phase 1 Project Details The work...

  4. Computational Molecular Biology Biochem 218 BioMedical Informatics 231

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the names of the genes and enter them in Go Term Finder to discover common biological processes, common the Yeast Cell Cycle Database by first entering a single gene of interest to you and then clicking on select all co- expressed genes: http://genome-www.stanford.edu/cgi-bin/cellcycle/search · Collect all

  5. Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellul...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    J.; Wallace, B.; Montague, L.; Slayton, A.; Lukas, J. Lignocellulosic Biomass to Ethanol Process Design and Economics Utilizing Co-Current Dilute Acid Prehydrolysis and...

  6. Biochemical studies on plant tissue culture of Catharanthus roseus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raab, Ronald William

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    encouragement to continue my studies. To Sarah Plummer, for tolerating my frustations, and for making many sacrifices during this work. DEDICATION To my mother, Anita R. Raab, for the strength, courage, and endurance she has shown in the past two years...

  7. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 110 (2000) 405407 Short communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beverley, Stephen M.

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    which contains a selectable human DHFR marker [7]. pMD was introduced into P. falciparum clone 3D7MD (Fig. 1A) contains the au- tonomously active MOS1 transposon, inserted into the shuttle vector pHD22Y

  8. DECADE IN REVIEW BIOCHEmISTRy & BIOmEDICAL SCIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitchcock, Adam P.

    programs worthy of the new millennium. She advanced a sophisticated and energetic agenda for change'S WELCOME ERIC BROWN It seems like just yesterday we were waiting with anticipa- tion for arrival of the new the last decade has been in new faculty, especially young faculty. In 2000 there were only 3 Assistant

  9. Maxwell's demon in biochemical signal transduction with feedback loop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosuke Ito; Takahiro Sagawa

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Signal transduction in living cells is vital to maintain life itself, where information transfer in noisy environment plays a significant role. In a rather different context, the recent intensive researches of "Maxwell's demon" - a feedback controller that utilizes information of individual molecules - has led to a unified theory of information and thermodynamics. Here we combine these two streams of researches, and show that the second law of thermodynamics with information reveals the fundamental limit of the robustness of signal transduction against environmental fluctuations. Especially, we found that the degree of robustness is quantitatively characterized by an informational quantity called transfer entropy. Our information-thermodynamic approach is applicable to biological communication inside cells, in which there is no explicit channel coding in contrast to artificial communication. Our result would open up a novel biophysical approach to understand information processing in living systems on the basis of the fundamental information-thermodynamics link.

  10. Biochemical and photochemical control of leaf disk expansion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Ralph A.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    promotive effect with kin ins .............. ................ k9 f. Relation of kinetin added to its analogs... .. 51 (1) Effect of kinin-KEN combinations on the relative amount of leaf expansion with red light versus darkness....... .. 53 (2) Effect...-naphthalene acetic acid,..... ,,??? 87 (4) Effect of X-irradiation on leaf disk expansion with kin ins, IAA, and low intensity light.................... 9^ b. Response of X-irradiated intact plants to kinins, IAA, and low intensity light... ?????? 101 LIST...

  11. Biochemical studies of vitamin B?? deficiency in the domestic fowl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohan, Vallury Surya

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reported by numerous workers (12 -16 ). The effects of antibiotics on the requirement of animals for vitamin BI2 have been studied with varying results. Oleson and his co-workers 4 (17) found a sparing effect of chlortetracyline on the vitamin Big... CVJ H H H OIA IA 50AL t-? -4* rA [? ON t- vO -4- C\\J KN (A i?I rH rH OJ O -4- CV1 O H H H H FA ON O 4 KN 1A rA rA rA IA 3 VO 3 -4? -4- IA CO ON VOOJ H VO 00 VO 9 ONCO ON rAo o rH rH I I W -4- -4- rA r...

  12. Molecular and biochemical characterization of three lipoxygenases in maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nemchenko, Andriy

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    6 5 0 Zm LO X1 0 (5 95) P H F R Y TME IN AL AR EAL IN AD GI IEE SF WP GK YA VEL SS VA YG ATW QF DT Zm LO X1 1 (60 0) P 6 H F R Y TME IN AL AR EAL IN AD GI IEE SF WP GR YA VEL SS AA YG ATW QF DT 5 1...

  13. Application And Evaluation Of Biomagnetic And Biochemical Monitoring...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    assessing the dispersion and deposition of particles in the context of anthropogenic pollution. By comparing leaves' magnetic properties with trace metal levels measured in the...

  14. Leveraging Post-Translational Phosphopantetheinylation as a Versatile Biochemical Tool /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kosa, Nicolas M.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    care-associated invasive MRSA infections, 2005-2008. J. Am.Staphlyococcus aureus (MRSA). In addition to these noxious

  15. Biochemical aspects of vitamin E deficiency in fowl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creech, Billy Gene

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    diet (C-l)............................ Ilf Table 2 Composition of basal maternal diet (F-l) (practical)................. 15 Table 3 Composition of basal maternal diet (F-2) (synthetic)................. 17 Table k Effect of maternal... small white poults synthetic maternal diets........... 28 Figure 2 Serum electrophoretic patterns of day-old Beltsville small white poults practical maternal diets........... 30 Figure 3 Paper electrophoretic patterns of serum from mature...

  16. Eur. J. Biochem. 200,223-236 (1991) 001429569100530Y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the environment of the system; they can act as external regulators by communicating changes in the environment we use the medium of control analysis to re- assess the concept of metabolic regulation, specifically

  17. Integration of Dye Lasers and Microfluidics for Biochemical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan Chen; Yan Chen; Teresa Emery; Lin Zhu; David Henry; Michael Shearn; Uday Khankhoje; Guangxi Wang; Ting Hong; Jingqing Huang

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The six years at Caltech have been the most memorable time in my life so far, I owe many thanks for my experience here. First of all, I would like to thank my advisor, Prof. Axel Scherer, for providing me with the opportunity and resources to complete my Ph.D. at Caltech. I am grateful to his guidance and support through all these years. His broad perspective, valuable advice, and sincere mentorship have always been a source of inspiration and motivation. I would also like to thank my committee members: Prof. Changhuei Yang, Prof. Oskar Painter, Prof. Yu-Chong Tai, and Prof. Chin-Lin Guo, and other members in my candidacy

  18. Discovery and biochemical characterization of RNA interference in budding yeast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinberg, David E. (David Eric)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RNA interference (RNAi) is a eukaryotic pathway for the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. In the simplest form of RNAi, a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) trigger is converted into small-RNA duplexes by the ...

  19. Biochemical Production of Ethanol from Corn Stover: 2008 State...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0062 phone: 865.576.8401 fax: 865.576.5728 email: mailto:reports@adonis.osti...

  20. Chemical and biochemical studies of ubiquitin conjugation machinery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pandya, Renuka K. (Renuka Kuchibhotla)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The post-translational modification of proteins is a major mechanism employed in eukaryotic cells to expand the functional diversity of the proteome. Covalent modification of amino acid side chains confers new or altered ...

  1. Electronic modulation of biochemical signal Tanya Gordonov1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghodssi, Reza

    's primary amines via the enzyme tyrosinase17 . These bio- fabrication assembly methods (Supplementary

  2. Genetic and Biochemical Analysis of Innate Immunity in Arabidopsis thaliana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Cheng

    2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    resistance in the CDKC mutants. CPLs and CDKCs might work cooperatively on the phosphorylation status of RNAPII CTD to play a pivotal role in plant defense mediated transcriptional changes. Introduction Transcription of protein-coding genes...

  3. Oilseeds for Biofuels and Biochemicals in Texas BIOENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Thoughgasolinerepresents80percentofmotorfuels consumed in the U.S., diesel is the fuel of the agriculture, construction to reduce consumption of imported oil, developing renewable diesel plays a vital role operations in the face of the high cost of vegetable oil feedstocks. With the large demand for renewable fuel

  4. Biochemical Feedstock Interface Presentation for BETO 2015 Project Peer Review

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand SustainedBio-Oil Deployment in the Home

  5. Biochemical Process Improvements & Synthetic Biology Validation Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The FutureCommentsEnergyand SustainedBio-Oil Deployment in the

  6. Production of bioenergy and biochemicals from industrial and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    and agricultural wastewater, includ- ing methanogenic anaerobic digestion, biological hydro- gen production on wastewater treatment from pollution control to resource exploitation. Many bioprocesses can provide bioenergy. Recovery of energy and valuable materials might reduce the cost of wastewater treatment, and somewhat

  7. 2009 Biochemical Conversion Platform Review Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform is always evolving, so are1703 ProcessPresentations8Energy

  8. 2015 Peer Review Presentations-Biochemical Conversion | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform is always evolving, soFuel Cell24Industrial201516-17,Energy

  9. Financing Advanced Biofuels, Biochemicals And Biopower In Integrated

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy June 6-7, 2013 MeetingEA # 1440 FINALbyFinancialFinancialand

  10. Process Design and Economics for Biochemical Conversion of Lignocellulosic

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreakingMay 2015 < prev next > SunChallenge to DriveElectric

  11. 2009 Biochemical Conversion Platform Review Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S. DEPARTMENTTechnologies Plenary Sessionof9Annual-

  12. 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Biochemical Conversion |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHE U.S.Energy MoreEnergy back_cover.pdf

  13. 2015 Peer Review Presentations-Biochemical Conversion | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of BadTHEEnergyReliability andStandardsDepartmentNorthof

  14. Application And Evaluation Of Biomagnetic And Biochemical Monitoring Of The

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcatAntrim County, Michigan:Applewood, Colorado: EnergyDispersion And

  15. Biochemical Conversion: Using Hydrolysis, Fermentation, and Catalysis to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube platform isEnergyMeeting | Department of Energy BigNews »Make Fuels and

  16. Excitonic parameters of GaN studied by time-of-flight spectroscopy T. V. Shubina, A. A. Toropov, G. Pozina, J. P. Bergman, M. M. Glazov et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    thermite reactions J. Appl. Phys. 106, 083306 (2009) Additional information on Appl. Phys. Lett. Journal

  17. Sex Hormones Genotypes and Phenotypes and Determinants of Sex Hormone Binding Globulin in relation to Type 2 Diabetes Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GOTO, ATSUSHI

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    confer protection against acrolein. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol.confer protection against acrolein. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol.

  18. 168 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Biotechnol. J. 2012, 7, 199­212. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a biodegradable, biocompatible, and non. In this issue, Si Jae Park and Sang Yup Lee (KAIST, Korea) review recent advances in the production of lactate

  19. Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production from lignocellulose

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartley, Laura E; Ronald, Pamela C

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sugar yields for biofuel production. Nat Biotechnol 25(7):Plant and microbial research seeks biofuel production fromA key strategy for biofuel produc- tion is making use of the

  20. Feasibility of Steam Hydrogasification of Microalgae for Production of Synthetic Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suemanotham, Amornrat

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Li, Y. , et al. , Biofuels from Microalgae. Biotechnol Prog,L. and P. Owende, Biofuels from microalgae—A review ofproduction of biofuels from microalgae. Int J Mol Sci, 2008.

  1. Biofuel alternatives to ethanol: pumping the microbial well

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortman, J. L.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S. (2006) Bonkers about biofuels. Nat. Biotechnol. 24, 755–Schubert, C. (2006) Can biofuels finally take center stage?

  2. Norovirus translation requires an interaction between the C terminus of VPg and eIF4G

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Liliane; Bailey, Dalan; Leen, Eoin N.; Emmott, Edward P.; Chaudhry, Yasmin; Roberts, Lisa O.; Curry, Stephen; Locker, Nicolas; Goodfellow, Ian G.

    2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    characterization and proteome exploration. Nat. Biotechnol. 17, 1030–1032 37. Bürckstümmer, T., Bennett, K. L., Preradovic, A., Schütze, G., Hantschel, O., Superti-Furga, G., and Bauch, A. (2006) An efficient tandem affinity purification procedure for interaction...

  3. An engineered community approach for industrial cultivation of microalgae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazamia, Elena; Riseley, Anthony S.; Howe, Christopher J.; Smith, Alison G.

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    potential for algal biodiesel production in the USA indicated that the availability of nitrogen 194 and phosphorus fertilisers were the major limiting factors to large scale cultivation.27 In a 195 recent study, Azotobacter vinelandii, a nitrogen... Biotechnol 2010:28(2):126–128. 325 4. Scott SA, Davey MP, Dennis JS, et al. Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects. 326 Curr Opin Biotechnol 2010:21(3):277–286. 327 5. Mata TM, Martins AA, Caetano NS. Microalgae for biodiesel production...

  4. COBIOT-836; NO. OF PAGES 6 Please cite this article in press as: Chew YH, Halliday KJ. A Q1stress-free walk from Arabidopsis to crops, Curr Opin Biotechnol (2010), doi:10.1016/j.copbio.2010.11.011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are threatened by global warming and increas- ingCO2 levels[2].Toensurefoodsupplieskeeppacewitha growing Halliday1,2 Global concerns such as food security and climate change have highlighted an urgent need

  5. T-529: Apple Mac OS PackageKit Distribution Script Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A format string issue exists in PackageKit's handling of distribution scripts. A man-in-the-middle attacker may be able to cause an unexpected application termination or arbitrary code execution when Software Update checks for new updates. This issue is addressed through improved validation of distribution scripts. This issue does not affect systems prior to Mac OS X v10.6.

  6. Theor Appl Genet DOI 10.1007/s00122-011-1649-x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chee, Peng W.

    . tomentosum were used to iden- tify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling Wber quality traits. A total quality from a wild Hawaiian cotton, Gossypium tomentosum Zhengsheng Zhang · Junkang Rong · Vijay N of 28 QTLs for Wber quality traits were identi- Wed (P

  7. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl., 6, 235--253 (1999)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleijpen, Gerard

    . Sleijpen 1 1 Mathematical Institute, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.010, NL­3508 TA Utrecht to M. Genseberger, Mathematical Institute, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.010, NL­3508 TA Utrecht

  8. Acta Appl Math DOI 10.1007/s10440-012-9776-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agueh, Martial

    : 13 August 2012 © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012 Abstract We use optimal transportation-mail: sospedra@chem.ubc.ca M. Agueh ( ) Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Victoria, PO BOX 3060 STN CSC, Victoria V8W 3R4, BC, Canada e-mail: agueh@math.uvic.ca #12;R. Sospedra-Alfonso, M. Agueh

  9. Appl Phys A (2008) 92: 791796 DOI 10.1007/s00339-008-4712-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhigilei, Leonid V.

    technologies have yielded a significant progress in fab- rication of surface nano- and micro effects, e.g., a local field enhancement in the vicinity of a probe tip [3­6] or a deposited nano/micro- particle [7, 8]. Following the first approach, the direct writ- ing of ordered arrays of hollow bumps

  10. U-222: Apple Safari Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A remote user can exploit this to spoof content on the target server, attempt to poison any intermediate web caches, or conduct cross-site scripting attacks. A remote user...

  11. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. (in press)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasciak, Joseph

    of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; contract/grant number: W-7405-Eng-48 Published in 2007

  12. REVUE DE PHYSIQUE APPLIQUE Revue Phys. Appl. 19 (1984) 643-647 .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pulsed Neutron Source, IPNS, was dedicated as a major user-oriented neutron scattering facility two years). The central struc- ture houses the neutron scattering target and moderator assemblies. The beam lines connect Neutrons Pulsés (IPNS) d'Argonne a été inaugurée, il y a deux ans, comme un équipement majeur de diffusion

  13. OPTIMAL CONTROL APPLICATIONS AND METHODS Optim. Control Appl. Meth., 2004; 25:165180

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Tarunraj

    . KEY WORDS: linear programming; friction; vibratory system; pulse width control 1. INTRODUCTION term added to the input force. With this constraint, optimal control design techniques for linear systems can be used for systems with friction. One method to find a time optimal control profile is input

  14. Preprint from Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 182502 (2010) Temperature Dependence Of Spin Resonance In Cobalt Substituted

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with a copper wire and placed in an oven going from ­70°C to 200°C. µs was deduced from the inductance measured

  15. Comput Optim Appl DOI 10.1007/s10589-008-9213-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yorke, James

    - tional and a control law defined by means of a feedback operator acting over the system states. The so-called LQR (Linear-quadratic regulator) problem constitutes a cornerstone of the modern linear control theory the control of parabolic systems like the heat equa- tion (see [5]), the active control of noise (see [6, 17

  16. Eur J Appl Physiol . Author manuscript WISE-2005: effect of aerobic and resistive exercises on orthostatic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    followed by 10 min of resting LBNP, 3 to 4 times a week, and flywheel resistive training every third day stress. MESH Keywords Bed Rest ; Dizziness ; prevention & control ; Exercise ; physiology ; Exercise

  17. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 84, 171178 (2006) DOI 10.1007/s00704-005-0155-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Verlag 2005 Summary 3D numerical simulations with the Meso-NH atmospheric model including the Town Energy Balance urban parameter- ization, are conducted over the south-east of France and the one million inhabitants city of Marseille in the frameworks of the ESCOMPTE-UBL program. The geographic situation

  18. Microbunch preserving in-line system for an APPLE II helical radiator at the LCLS baseline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geloni, Gianluca; Saldin, Evgeni

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous work we proposed a scheme for polarization control at the LCLS baseline, which exploited the microbunching from the planar undulator. After the baseline undulator, the electron beam is transported through a drift by a FODO focusing system, and through a short helical radiator. The microbunching structure can be preserved, and intense coherent radiation is emitted in the helical undulator at fundamental harmonic. The driving idea of this proposal is that the background linearly-polarized radiation from the baseline undulator is suppressed by spatial filtering. Filtering is achieved by letting radiation and electron beam through Be slits upstream of the helical radiator, where the radiation spot size is about ten times larger than the electron beam transverse size. Several changes considered in the present paper were made to improve the previous design. Slits are now placed immediately behind the helical radiator. The advantage is that the electron beam can be spoiled by the slits, and narrower sl...

  19. Appl Intell (2012) 36:407423 DOI 10.1007/s10489-010-0268-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    algorithm based on template matching and fuzzy rule-based systems for domotic control in real home · Template matching · Laser pointer detection · Disabled people · Domotic control systems 1 Introduction, 28, 35, 40­42, 45] show the convenience of developing systems that integrate domotic systems for help

  20. Appl Intell DOI 10.1007/s10489-010-0268-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    on template matching and fuzzy rule-based systems for domotic control in real home environments F. Chávez · F · Domotic control systems 1 Introduction Around 500 million people, which represents about 10% of the world, 28, 35, 40­42, 45] show the convenience of developing systems that integrate domotic systems for help

  1. J Appl Physiol . Author manuscript Monocarboxylate transporters, blood lactate removal after supramaximal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    blots, and maximal muscle oxidative capacity ( max) was evaluated with pyruvate malate and glutamate Acid ; blood ; Male ; Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters ; metabolism ; Muscle Fatigue ; physiology

  2. Appl Phys A DOI 10.1007/s00339-010-5735-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pyrak-Nolte, Laura J.

    memory device based on two-photon writing and reading in photochromic materials [2], and in 1991 the first high- density (>1012 bits/cm3) optical storage in a multi-layered Y. Liu ( ) · D.D. Nolte · L]. Complex 3D microstructures, devices, and optics have been fabricated by 2PP, such as a microgear-wheel [8

  3. Comput Optim Appl DOI 10.1007/s10589-008-9222-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, David Yang

    systems of engineering science, data mining, chemistry, biomedicine, information theory, network communications, and ecology (see [4, 30­32, 39]). The system is called under determined if n m, or over

  4. Multimed Tools Appl DOI 10.1007/s11042-007-0181-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veltkamp, Remco

    to the development of the first experimental search engines for 3D shapes, such as the Ephesus search engine

  5. Ryan Naraine, InternetNews, 2004.09.08: "Apple issues mega security update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Daniel

    -language instructions handling registers int *sp and int cx: A (i.e., 0x41) means ++cx. D means sp += 0.25. I means --cx. L means sp -= 0.25. Q means *--sp = cx. T means *--sp = sp. Y means cx = *sp++. hABCD means *--sp = 0x44434241. kaDA means sp = ((int*)cx)[17] * 65. hABCDhABCDYIQDYAQDYIIQDYAAQD means what? #12;Look

  6. Multimed Tools Appl DOI 10.1007/s11042-011-0731-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skopal, Tomas

    database can be used to support CAD tools. For example, standard parts in a manufacturing company can together to form the product. If some of these parts are similar to one of the standard parts already designed, then the possible replacement of the original part with the standard part can lead to a reduction

  7. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 41 (2002) pp. 41014104 Part 1, No. 6B, June 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bokor, Jeffrey

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Applied Physics "Actinic-only" Defects in Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Blanks --Native Defects, CA 94720, U.S.A. 2NTT Telecommunications Energy Laboratories, Atsugi, Kanagawa 243-0198, Japan 3 that native defects as small as 60 nm with only 3 nm height were detectable by the actinic tool. These defects

  8. Appl. Phys. A 64, 263269 (1997) C Springer-Verlag 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alex

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    crystals are then exposed to air and immersed in toluene for10 more days, after which only the polymerized

  9. SIAM J. APPL. MATH. Vol. 50, No. 6, pp. 1517-1532, December 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caflisch, Russel

    of an interface in Hele-Shaw flow, Rayleigh-Taylor instability for stratified flow, and Krasny's desingularized

  10. THRESHOLDING-BASED SEGMENTATION AND APPLE GRADING BY MACHINE Devrim Unay, and Bernard Gosselin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    Gosselin TCTS Labs, Facult´e Polytechnique de Mons Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B

  11. Automatic Defect Segmentation of `Jonagold'1 Apples on Multi-Spectral Images: A2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    D. Unay 4 TCTS Lab., Facult´e Polytechnique de Mons,5 Multitel Building, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc, Avenue Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B-7000, Mons, Belgium9 Abstract10 In this work, several thresholding

  12. A QUALITY GRADING APPROACH FOR 'JONAGOLD' APPLES Devrim Unay, Bernard Gosselin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupont, Stéphane

    @tcts.fpms.ac.be TCTS Lab., Facult´e Polytechnique de Mons Multitel Building, Ave. N. Copernic 1, Parc Initialis, B7000

  13. 2005 Royal Statistical Society 00359254/05/54223 Appl. Statist. (2005)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahu, Sujit K

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ­244 A Bayesian kriged Kalman model for short-term forecasting of air pollution levels Sujit K. Sahu University] Summary. Short-term forecasts of air pollution levels in big cities are now reported in news- papers and other media outlets. Studies indicate that even short-term exposure to high levels of an air pollutant

  14. Pure Appl. Chem., Vol. 75, Nos. 1112, pp. 22632273, 2003. 2003 IUPAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumberg, Bruce

    . INTRODUCTION Development of the embryo is a very sensitive and vulnerable part of the life cycle of all animals and development. The amphibian model system is especially suitable for identifying potential risks to human working on the problem. Models for the mechanism underlying the development of deformed frogs include

  15. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-004-2690-2 Appl. Phys. A 79, 855857 (2004)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dumitrica,Traian

    to femtosecond laser excitation. Using molecular dynamics simulations based on a tight-binding electronic ther- mal motion, phonons are excited incoherently. In order to simulate the dynamical process of laser Hamiltonian we discuss two examples of laser-induced coherent phonons: (1) excitation of the E2g1 phonon mode

  16. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-007-2601-2 Appl. Phys. B 87, 207210 (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Andreas

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The mechanism of self-group-phase locking also holds for other parametric processes such as four-wave mixing [10], and fifth har- monic generation [13]. The self-actions during the filamen- tation are crucial for several-color filamentation. Our study shows that the pump intensity, the third- harmonic intensity and the energy

  17. T-673: Apple Safari Multiple Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    certificate has been disabled and incorrectly accept certificates signed by that root server CVE-2011-0214. On systems with the 'AutoFill web forms' feature enabled, a remote...

  18. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-007-4016-7 Appl. Phys. A 88, 289297 (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuwen

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the interfacial energy balance and nucleation dynamics. A nonlinear electron heat capacity and a temperature of the various heat carriers are comparable to the characteristic energy excitation time [1]. Reviews] considered heat conduction in the lattice using a hy- perbolic model and proposed a dual-hyperbolic model

  19. Appl. Phys. A 68, 379385 (1999) / DOI 10.1007/s003399900012 Applied Physics A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krahe, Rüdiger

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    & Processing © Springer-Verlag 1999 Invited paper UV-laser ablation of sensory cells in living insects G. Fuhr1. An experimental set-up for applying pulsed UV- laser ablation to the integument of insects and the high preci of UV-laser ablation are discussed. PACS: 43; 89; 42.55.Gp; 42.62.Be; 43.64.+r; 81.15.Fg Lasers have

  20. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-007-3942-8 Appl. Phys. A (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wurtzite-structured semiconductors such as ZnO, GaN, AlN, CdSe and ZnS are important materials for nanoscale traducers, resonators, and sensors. Wurtzite structure [11] is a unique family for functional-centro- symmetric structure, the wurtzite family is unique for piezo- electricity and pyroelectricity. Zinc oxide

  1. Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal. 20 (2006) 345356 www.elsevier.com/locate/acha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    without phase Radu Balan a , Pete Casazza b, , Dan Edidin b a Siemens Corporate Research, 755 College was supported by NSA MDA 904-03-1-0040. * Corresponding author. E-mail addresses: radu.balan@siemens.com (R precisely, the linear transformation from the initial Hilbert space to the space of coefficients obtained

  2. Appl Phys B (2010) 100: 917924 DOI 10.1007/s00340-010-4132-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ranging from high- brightness light-emitting diodes and high-power laser diodes to solar cells. Trace defects. The inclusion of these dopants gives rise to addi- tional energy levels in the band gap, hydrocarbons (methane and ethane), hydrogen sulfide, silane, and germane must be con- trolled in the process

  3. Comput Optim Appl (2007) 36: 137147 DOI 10.1007/s10589-006-9001-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergamaschi, Luca

    representation of the matrix in- volved requires prohibitive memory resources and cannot be computed efficiently Venturin · Giovanni Zilli Published online: 15 February 2007 © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007 of Mathematical Methods and Models for Scientific Applications, University of Padua, Padua, Italy e-mail: berga

  4. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-003-1262-z Appl. Phys. B 77, 391397 (2003)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinke, Joachim

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ablation is initiated by the generation of a critical density of free electrons. Employing ultra-short for the optical breakdown. Additionally, during the interaction with the ultra-short laser pulse the energy ab of view [2­5]. If spatial resolution becomes important, laser ablation pro- cesses have to be taken

  5. Appl Intell DOI 10.1007/s10489-010-0264-x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    tuning of fuzzy logic controllers in heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems María José Gacto dedicated to the control of heating, ven- tilating and air conditioning systems, energy performance, ventilating, and air conditioning systems · HVAC systems · Fuzzy logic controllers · Genetic tuning

  6. Appl Intell (2012) 36:330347 DOI 10.1007/s10489-010-0264-x

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    algorithm for an effective tuning of fuzzy logic controllers in heating, ventilating and air conditioning- tilating and air conditioning systems, energy performance, stability and indoor comfort requirements more accurate fuzzy logic controllers with simpler models. Keywords Heating, ventilating, and air

  7. T-676: Apple iOS Certificate Chain Validation Flaw Lets Certain...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    or modify SSLTLS sessions. PLATFORM: iOS 4.2.5 through 4.2.9 for iPhone 4 (CDMA) iOS 3.0 through 4.3.4 for iPhone 3GS and iPhone 4 (GSM) iOS 3.1 through 4.3.4 for iPod touch...

  8. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-008-3056-9 Appl. Phys. B 92, 103109 (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , TX 77005, USA 2 Hydrogen Technology Research Laboratory, Savannah River National Laboratory, Aiken processes used at the Savannah River National Laboratory site, which was the main motivation to carry out

  9. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-008-3047-x Appl. Phys. B (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    January 2008/Revised version: 17 April 2008 © Springer-Verlag 2008 ABSTRACT Recent progress progress in mid-IR spec- troscopy and its applications to trace gas sensing. High power (50­500 mW), room temperature operation with thermoelec- tric cooling (TEC), and continuously improving wall plug efficiency

  10. Appl. Math. J. Chinese Univ. 2008, 23(2): 197-201

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Li-Xin

    for unit root in autoregressive time series with GARCH errors YANG Xiao-rong ZHANG Li-xin Abstract. In this article, the unit root test for AR(p) model with GARCH errors is considered. The Dickey-Fuller test. Recently, nonstationary autoregressive model with GARCH errors have received increasing attention

  11. NUMERICAL LINEAR ALGEBRA WITH APPLICATIONS Numer. Linear Algebra Appl. 0000; 00:119

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morgan, Ron

    with multiple right-hand sides. The seed conjugate gradient method solves one right-hand side with the conjugate in the conjugate gradient method limits how much the seeding can improve convergence. We propose three changes to the seed conjugate gradient method: only the first right-hand side is used for seeding, this system

  12. Appl Phys B (2010) 101: 649659 DOI 10.1007/s00340-010-4183-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lasers as an excitation source was developed for chem- ical analysis of gas mixtures containing H2S, CO2 was an immediate motivation for this work, is monitoring H2S concentration in the gas diffus- ing through the fluid

  13. Appl Phys B (2010) 99: 5362 DOI 10.1007/s00340-010-3912-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Ursula

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    design, as the multiplexing de- vice as well as the amplifiers can be omitted. In addition, affordable and reliable in opera- tion. Furthermore the pulse source should exhibit low noise #12;54 A-GHz rep- etition rates are important for various application areas, such as optical sampling, frequency

  14. Appl Phys A (2008) 93: 9398 DOI 10.1007/s00339-008-4776-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olmstead, Marjorie

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    · Esmeralda N. Yitamben · Kenneth M. Beck · Alan G. Joly · Marjorie A. Olmstead · Fumio S. Ohuchi Received: 12

  15. Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 56, 13702 (2011) DOI: 10.1051/epjap/2011100220

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Introduction Today, more and more growing demands of the industry for implementation of completely passive-based systems is the necessary energy source, which limits the lifetime, performance, cost and may add

  16. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-007-4253-9 Appl. Phys. A 89, 651654 (2007)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ritchie, Robert

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    structure in nanotube-reinforced alumina nanocomposites consolidated via spark plasma sintering (SPS via spark plasma sintering (SPS). In this study, constant and pulsed laser Raman spectroscopy was used structure remains intact after sintering at 1150 C, but almost completely breaks down by 1350 C after only 5

  17. Theor. Appl. Climatol. (2008) 94: 111 DOI 10.1007/s00704-007-0368-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    variations in the residential areas broadly correlate with summertime electricity demand and sensitivity Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA 2 Department of Civil Engineering & Earth and Environmental Sciences, City College of New York, New York, NY, USA 3 Department

  18. Appl Phys B (2009) 96: 423432 DOI 10.1007/s00340-009-3502-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arie, Ady

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    properties of MgO:LiTaO3 I. Dolev · A. Ganany-Padowicz · O. Gayer · A. Arie · J. Mangin · G. Gadret Received.84.Dy 1 Introduction Periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate (PPSLT) is a widely used, d33, the most com- monly used interaction is e-ee, where two extra-ordinary waves induce an extra

  19. Appl. Phys. B 65, 433440 (1997) C Springer-Verlag 1997

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sackett, Cass

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their physical properties. In the case of 7Li, where the interactions are effectively attractive of lithium C.A. Sackett, C.C. Bradley, M. Welling, R.G. Hulet Physics Department and Rice Quantum Institute interactions between 7Li atoms. Using a versitile phase-contrast imaging technique, we experimentally observe

  20. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-008-2998-2 Appl. Phys. B 91, 343348 (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arie, Ady

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - ric lithium niobate (SLN). Although there are several works on the refractive in- dex properties of Mg-phase-matched nonlinear interactions with these two crystal compositions in the near and mid- infrared. The results show.70.Mp 1 Introduction Periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) has been used in a wide variety

  1. Appl Phys B DOI 10.1007/s00340-010-4154-z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxley, Paul

    Introduction Spectroscopic measurements of the properties of Rydberg atoms provide powerful tests of our depends on the optical frequencies of at least two lasers, since at least two lasers interact with each for the quantum defects of the lithium np series [22] and could be used as input for high accuracy measure- ments

  2. Arch Appl Mech (2006) 76: 549566 DOI 10.1007/s00419-006-0061-5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Haoxiang

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an infinite system of coupled ordinary differential equations and then implementing orthogonal collocation, and numerically for elliptical and rectangular plates by using a finite-element method. The eigenvalues buckling · Membrane wrinkling · Elastic instability · Linear von Kármán equation · Finite-element method

  3. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-004-2549-6 Appl. Phys. A (2004)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Wenwu

    surface and structural prop- erties were measured by using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and X., and rare earth elements; B represents Ti, Ta, Nb, W, Mo, Fe, etc., and m = 2, 3, 4, . . . , represents transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) multimodes and measured the refractive indices of BTN

  4. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-005-3301-6 Appl. Phys. A 81, 923927 (2005)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostermeyer, Martin

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    oscillators with phase conjugating mirrors based on stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS-laser oscilla- tor there are investigations of dual and multiple millisecond [3, 4] and femtosecond [5] pulses and their optimization by an Nd:YAG SBS-laser oscillator to optimize the drilling process in steel, aluminum (Al

  5. Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 111122 (2008) DOI: 10.1051/epjap:2008106 THE EUROPEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    place in three fundamental ways (modes) [1,2]: short-circuit transfer ("short-arc"), trans- fer by large: · In the "short-arc" transfer, metal is deposited by series of short circuit resulting from regular contact of the percentage of carbon dioxide in argon results in an increase of the transition current value while changing

  6. Appl Phys A (2008) 92: 505510 DOI 10.1007/s00339-008-4550-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuch, Wolfgang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . In this paper we review some of the results we obtained on trilayer systems at the BESSY synchrotron. #12;506 J with synchrotron x-ray pulses [5]. In our case, the measure- ments were performed at the BESSY synchrotron

  7. Development of Apple Workgroup Cluster and Parallel Computing for Phase Field Model of Magnetic Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yongxin

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Micromagnetic modeling numerically solves magnetization evolution equation to process magnetic domain analysis, which helps to understand the macroscopic magnetic properties of ferromagnets. To apply this method in simulation of magnetostrictive...

  8. J. Math. Anal. Appl. 319 (2006) 4860 www.elsevier.com/locate/jmaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Leenheer, Patrick

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The positive parameters Di are the sum of the (natural) death rates of species i and the dilution rate, while the positive parameters ai give rise to death rates aixi which are due to crowding effects. The Di was carried out when P. De Leenheer was at DIMACS/Rutgers University and Arizona State University and when D

  9. computer programs J. Appl. Cryst. (2012). 45, 581586 doi:10.1107/S0021889812017293 581

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, David

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . With careful design, graphical interfaces can be displayed automatically, instead of being manually constructed-consuming tasks. A large number of systems for running part or all of the computational `pipeline' nearly

  10. 2001 ,7 (4) :348 354 Chin J Appl Environ Biol = ISSN 1006 -687X 2001208225

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,--¨¶"´¶~ SOD¡¢ POD " CAT »--... MDA ",--¨´ ,¸¯--¨¿¶¨"--¨°­...~... ,,--¨OE¶~ SOD »--^,·,--¨ OE ,MDA " ¡¡ The effects of endophyte infection on the activities of SOD , POD and CAT , as well as on MDA contents in L

  11. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. Author manuscript Exercise training, energy metabolism, and heart failure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , and heart failure Ventura-Clapier Ren eé * Signalisation et physiopathologie cardiaque INSERM : U769, IFR141 in many pathophysiological processes among which heart failure. Because endurance training improves recognized as a beneficial practice for heart failure patients. The mechanisms involved in the beneficial

  12. J. Math. Anal. Appl. 421 (2015) 747753 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinkus, Allan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subspaces of X, PMi is the best approximation operator to the linear subspace Mi, and M := M1 + · · · + Mr to x X from M := M1 + · · · + Mr in the space X based on the knowledge of these PMi . E-mail address, i.e., mi = PMi (x - m1 - · · · - mi-1). Now consider lim s Es x. Note that Es x = x - ys for some ys

  13. Appl Phys B (2009) 95: 112 DOI 10.1007/s00340-009-3381-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Andreas

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    · S.A. Hosseini · M. Sharifi · G. Méjean · A. Azarm · C. Marceau · O. Kosareva · V.P. Kandidov · N. Bernhardt · S.A. Hosseini · M. Sharifi · G. Méjean · A. Azarm · C. Marceau Centre d'Optique, Photonique et

  14. ADAM C. POWELL, IV One Apple Hill Dr. Suite 316 apowell@moxst.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in electron beam evapora- tion, 1-D heat transfer model for rapid assessment of effects of electron beam

  15. Appl. Phys. B 50, 535-539 (1990) Applied P.o.physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xiangdong

    range from a surface monolayer. Three different detection schemes are considered: direct infrared detection, external up-conversion, and in-situ up-conversion. The external up-conversion scheme appears most promising, while the in-situ up-conversion scheme has the advantage of being highly surface specific

  16. J. Math. Anal. Appl. 329 (2007) 634646 www.elsevier.com/locate/jmaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuai, Zhisheng

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    policies to protect the renewable resource better are obtained under conditions of fixed quantity per unimproved in terminal time of the period but keep the resource's quantity more and more or a fixed value of every impulse are determined so that the biomass of population at terminal time of exploitation

  17. Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 49, 13106 (2010) DOI: 10.1051/epjap/2009191

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , is thermonuclear fusion. Indeed, in fusion devices like ITER, reactor walls can be severely eroded by the plasma. For fusion plasmas, production of dust particles from wall erosion is a serious issue for performance strongly reduce performances of the fusion plasma. Moreover, dust parti- cles can have a porous structure

  18. DOI: 10.1007/s00339-006-3513-4 Appl. Phys. A (2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Sol M.

    of confocal X-ray fluorescence (XRF) microscopy at the Cornell high energy synchrotron source 1 Cornell High from con- focal XRF were compared with those from stand-alone XRF and visible light microscopy autoradiography (NA), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), proton-induced X-ray emission (PIXE), and infrared reflectivity

  19. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-007-2858-5 Appl. Phys. B 90, 311315 (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sulfide at levels up to 100 to 150 ppm can result in eye irritation, sore throat and cough, and shortness

  20. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-006-2316-9 Appl. Phys. B 85, 461466 (2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    equiva- lent to principal component analysis (PCA). The test system was acetylene detected using a near-infrared feedback (DFB), near-infrared lasers that current tune by 1 cm-1 . It is dif- ficult to determine (using focusing mirrors instead of lenses, anti- reflection coatings on transmissive optics, wedged