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Sample records for appalachia southern appalachia

  1. Restoration As Mitigation: Analysis of Stream Mitigation for Coal Mining Impacts in Southern Appalachia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    ,2 This vulnerability is particularly conspicuous in the coal mining regions of the Appalachians, U.S. where surfaceRestoration As Mitigation: Analysis of Stream Mitigation for Coal Mining Impacts in Southern of information about 434 stream mitigation projects from 117 permits for surface mining in Appalachia. Data from

  2. Energy-conserving perennial agriculture for marginal land in southern Appalachia. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, G.

    1982-01-30

    USDA economists predict the end of surplus farm production in the US within this decade. More and more marginal land will be cropped to provide feed for the growing world population and to produce energy. Much of this potential cropland in Southern Appalachia is poorly suited to annual crops, such as corn. Perennial crops are much better suited to steep, rocky, and wet sites. Research was undertaken on the theoretical potentials of perennial species with high predicted yields of protein, carbohydrates, or oils. Several candidate staple perennial crops for marginal land in Southern Appalachia were identified, and estimates were made of their yields, energy input requirements, and general suitabilities. Cropping systems incorporating honeylocust, persimmon, mulberry, jujube, and beech were compared with corn cropping systems. It appears that these candidate staple perennials show distinct advantages for energy conservation and environmental preservation. Detailed economic analyses must await actual demonstration trials, but preliminary indications for ethanol conversion systems with honeylocust are encouraging. It is suggested that short-term loans to farmers undertaking this new type of agriculture would be appropriate to solve cash-flow problems.

  3. Greening of Appalachia 59 hose of us who live in Appalachia are blessed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karsai, Istvan

    between environmental degradation, human health, and quality of life. Increased air pollution contributes and livestock. Environmental issues in Appalachia are significant and varied. Air pollution in Appalachia quality. As the field grew, environmental health scientists recognized the role of air pollution

  4. African American Women in Appalachia: Personal Expressions of Race, Place and Gender 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbour-Payne, Yunina Carol

    2014-06-04

    African American women in Appalachia have lived, survived and long been overlooked by dominant narratives that support stereotypical depictions of the Appalachian region and its inhabitants. A little over twenty years ago, ...

  5. Where Appalachia Went Right: White Masculinities, Nature, and Pro-Coal Politics in an Era of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    of Opposition to Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia. Thethe coal industry. Mechanization and Surface Mining “I'm notsurface mining and he had spent time in and around coal

  6. A Critical History of Colonization and Amerindian Resistance in Trans-Appalachia 1750-1830: The Proclamation Wars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Richard Keith

    2010-05-31

    A careful examination of events in Colonial Trans-Appalachia the region geographically encompassed by territories west of the Appalachian Mountain Range and east of the Mississippi River at the time of the French and Indian ...

  7. New EPA Guidelines for Review of Surface Coal Mining Operations in Appalachia (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01

    On April 1, 2010, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a set of new guidelines to several of its Regional offices regarding the compliance of surface coal mining operations in Appalachia with the provisions of the Clean Water Act (CWA), the National Environmental Policy Act, and the environmental justice Executive Order (E.O. 12898). The stated purpose of the guidance was to explain more fully the approach that the EPA will be following in permit reviews, and to provide additional assurance that its Regional offices use clear, consistent, and science-based standards in reviewing the permits. Although the new guidelines go into effect immediately, they will be subjected to review both by the public and by the EPA's Science Advisory Board, with a set of final guidelines to be issued no later than April 1, 2011.

  8. Appalachia's new region-wide CDFI : building local community with global capital?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spicer, Jason S. (Jason Simpson)

    2014-01-01

    The Appalachian Regional Commission is currently working with a major foundation on the development of a new regional Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI), Appalachian Community Capital. By connecting ...

  9. Where Appalachia Went Right: White Masculinities, Nature, and Pro-Coal Politics in an Era of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    Impacts of the Appalachian Coal Industry and Its Future inCommunity Economic Identity: The Coal Industry and IdeologyPress, 1882. “Citizens for Coal. ” Facebook. Accessed March

  10. Where Appalachia Went Right: White Masculinities, Nature, and Pro-Coal Politics in an Era of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    for Coal 1/13/12). America needs coal and, as per the bumperat the Friends of America – pro-coal - rally on Labor Day,the last coal Democrat county in America to go Republican!

  11. Obstruction of Justice "You're Hannah, right?" Hannah Morgan, a 20-year old from Appalachia, Virginia, was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    of neighboring West Virginia asserted that if there were an alternative energy source, they would not need-up-dominion/). However, let me correct an error in a recent article by Andy Revkin in the New York Times. I have argued liability, it seems to me. Mountaintop removal is not the only potential source of energy. The governor

  12. Where Appalachia Went Right: White Masculinities, Nature, and Pro-Coal Politics in an Era of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    strip mall, including a Walmart Super-Center and a cinema,of the post 1970s, such as Walmart, employees were “members”in Logan, WV, with a Walmart Supercenter, quite visibly a

  13. Where Appalachia Went Right: White Masculinities, Nature, and Pro-Coal Politics in an Era of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    there was a rally against fracking, mountaintop removal, andtime, activists opposing fracking and strip mining in Westwith folks resisting fracking in NY! ”(RAMPS 3/18/13). 104

  14. Where Appalachia Went Right: White Masculinities, Nature, and Pro-Coal Politics in an Era of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartzman, Gabe

    2013-01-01

    Jr. “More On The Alpha Buyout. ” Charleston Gazette. Januaryupdate-more-on-the-alpha-buyout/. Waller, Altina L. Feud:138 Ward, “ More On the Alpha Buyout. ” places where certain

  15. Journal of Mammalogy, 84(2):627643, 2003 MESIC DECIDUOUS FOREST AS PATCHES OF SMALL-MAMMAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orrock, John

    , 1500 Remount Road, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA (WJM, KK) Department of Biology, Box 842012, Virginia, MN 55108, USA (EH) Forests of Southern Appalachia are critical habitats with respect to biodiversity habitat in the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests, Virginia, to determine landscape

  16. Solar Decathlon Entry Uses iPad to Monitor Home

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The University of Tennessee, Knoxville is participating in its first Solar Decathlon 2011 competition, featuring its home, “Living Light.” Named for its very brightly sunlit double facade glass system, the home’s blueprint was inspired by the cantilever barns of Southern Appalachia, which feature giant eves to provide shade and a two-core design.??

  17. EIA Energy Information Administration

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    proximity to the Northeast experienced robust price increases through Thursday (e.g., CNG North Point in Appalachia jumped 71 cents to 3.23). Cash prices generally reversed the...

  18. Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on electricity markets depends on CO2 emissions rates · Different regional effect of GF on electricity marketsAppalachia Indiana CO2EmissionsRate(tons/MWh) ElectricityPrice Baseline (BL) EmissionsRate Policy % Increase from BLAllowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector Karen Palmer Resources for the Future

  19. Early Ceramics from Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drover, Christopher E.

    1975-01-01

    REPORTS Early Ceramics from Southern California CHRISTOPHERThis paper describes the ceramics and their chronologicalfor dating. To date, 10 ceramic specimens have been

  20. Southern Enclave Issue 47 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01

    Back opens in theaters on February 21, 1997, to be followed by Return of the Jedi on March 7, 1997. SW fans are eager to talk about the new edition and this issue of Southern Enclave opens with some comments and opinions. SE#48, due in July 1997... the days until Feb. 21 for TESB and then March 7 for ROTJ! Debbie Kittle: Well, I have seen the SWSE 4 times so far and truly enjoyed it. I thought it was quite well done. I'm sure the international readers will get a major sneak preview of our...

  1. Southern Enclave Issue 19 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1988-01-01

    for any assistance. ART CREDITS Judith Low -- Mastheads Carol Peters -- 37, 42, 50 Danaline Bryant -- 38 Melanie Guttierrez -- 44 Sandi Jones -- 53 A Personal Statement Equal space will be offered for replies. ?Editor's note: I do not know either... it together. Melanie Gutterriez of New Orleans is putting her considerable talent and imagination to work on the cover. I invite SOUTHERN ENCLAVE's readers to check us out for themselves and make up their own minds. The issue will cost $2.00 and the first...

  2. ARM Southern Great Plains

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsicloudden Documentation Data Management Facility009 ARM Orientation 1Southern Great

  3. Astrophysics in Southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricia A. Whitelock

    2007-07-06

    The government of South Africa has identified astronomy as a field in which their country has a strategic advantage and is consequently investing very significantly in astronomical infrastructure. South Africa now operates a 10-m class optical telescope, the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), and is one of two countries short listed to host the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), an ambitious international project to construct a radio telescope with a sensitivity one hundred times that of any existing telescope. The challenge now is to produce an indigenous community of users for these facilities, particularly from among the black population which was severely disadvantaged under the apartheid regime. In this paper I briefly describe the observing facilities in Southern Africa before going on to discuss the various collaborations that are allowing us to use astronomy as a tool for development, and at the same time to train a new generation of astronomers who will be well grounded in the science and linked to their colleagues internationally.

  4. QER- Comment of Southern Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southern Company Services, Inc., as agent for Alabama Power Company, Georgia Power Company, Gulf Power Company, and Mississippi Power Company, (collectively, “Southern Companies”), are pleased to hereby provide their comments to the Department of Energy as it prepares the Quadrennial Energy Review. If there is anything else that we can do in this regard, please feel free to contact us.

  5. Southern Region Watershed Management Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and technology transfer programs. #12;Southern Region Watershed Management Project September 15, 2000 and networking both internally and with other regional water resources management programs, promoted technology1 Southern Region Watershed Management Project September 15, 2000 to September 14, 2005 Terminal

  6. Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

    1992-01-01

    Southern California Bight/San Onofre/Power Plant/Southern California Bight/San Onofre Power Plant/Power Plant (DCPP), San Luis Obispo County, California.

  7. Iron Availability in the Southern Ocean

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Iron Availability in the Southern Ocean Print The Southern Ocean, circling the Earth between Antarctica and the southernmost regions of Africa, South America, and Australia, is...

  8. Central and southern Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1981-10-01

    Exploration in central and southern Africa continued to expand during 1980. The greatest concentration of activity was in Nigeria. However, there was considerable increase in the level of exploratory work in Cameroon and Congo. Significant new finds have been made in Ivory Coast. Geological and geophysical activity was carried out in 18 of the countries, with those in the western part having the largest share. Seismic work involved 225 party months of operation. Most of this time was spent on land, but marine operations accounted for 73,389 km of new control. Gravity and magnetic data were recorded during the marine surveys, and several large aeromagnetic projects were undertaken to obtain a total of 164,498 line km of data. Exploratory and development drilling accounted for a total of 304 wells and 2,605,044 ft (794,212 m) of hole. The 92 exploratory wells that were drilled resulted in 47 oil and gas discoveries. In development drilling 89% of the 212 wells were successful. At the end of the year, 27 exploratory wells were underway, and 34 development wells were being drilled for a total of 61. Oil production from the countries that this review covers was 918,747,009 bbl in 1980, a drop of about 9% from the previous year. Countries showing a decline in production were Nigeria, Gabon, Cabinda, and Zaire. Increases were recorded in Cameroon, Congo, and Ghana. A new country was added to the list of producers when production from the Belier field in Ivory Coast came on stream. 33 figures, 15 tables.

  9. Southern Company: DOE Smart Grid RFI Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Southern Company: DOE Smart Grid RFI Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Southern Company: DOE Smart Grid RFI Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Southern Company:...

  10. Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study...

  11. Employee Transportation Coordinators: A New Profession in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wachs, Martin; Giuliano, Genevieve

    1992-01-01

    Coordinators: A New Profession in Southern California MartinCoordinators: A New Profession in Southern California Martin

  12. Georgia Southern University Information Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Georgia Southern University Information Technology Organization Chart 2014-2015 FINAL: August 29, 2014 R:\\Common\\OrgCharts\\Rev 2015 Information Technology \\CIO Produced: Strategic Research & Analysis of the groups of units reporting there. President Vice President for Information Technology and Chief

  13. LSU Southern University Cooperative Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    program. Computer Science When LSU began offering the Ph.D. in computer science in 1983, an agreement of cooperation was signed between LSU and Southern University. This agreement specified articulation guidelines for the doctoral program, the master's program in system sci- ence, and SU's master's program in computer science

  14. Southern Great Plains Safety Orientation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schatz, John

    2014-05-01

    Welcome to the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) site is managed by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). It is very important that all visitors comply with all DOE and ANL safety requirements, as well as those of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the National Fire Protection Association, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and with other requirements as applicable.

  15. Waveform Relocated Earthquake Catalog for Southern California...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Waveform Relocated Earthquake Catalog for Southern California (1981 to June 2011) Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Waveform...

  16. The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ERcomments@hq.doe.gov Comments on the Department of Energy's Quadrennial Energy Review: Water-Energy Nexus The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California (Metropolitan) is...

  17. Iron Availability in the Southern Ocean

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Southern Ocean, circling the Earth between Antarctica and the southernmost regions of Africa, South America, and Australia, is notorious for its high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll...

  18. Contaminant Transport in the Southern California Bight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Idica, Eileen Y.

    2010-01-01

    1987). The California Current transports Pacific Subarctic1987). The California Current transports Pacific Subarcticthe dynamics and transport of Southern California stormwater

  19. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON Leading the Way in Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON Leading the Way in Electricity 1 Southern California Edison Leading the Way in Electricity 1 Distributed Energy Resource 21, 2013 #12;SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA EDISON Leading the Way in Electricity 2

  20. DOE's Studies of Weekday/Weekend Ozone Pollution in Southern...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Studies of WeekdayWeekend Ozone Pollution in Southern California DOE's Studies of WeekdayWeekend Ozone Pollution in Southern California 2002 DEER Conference Presentation:...

  1. Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DOE PAGES Search Results Published Article: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern Africa Title: Characterizing wind power resource reliability in southern...

  2. A new species of Thelypteris (Thelypteridaceae) from southern Bahia, Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matos, Fernando B.; Smith, Alan R.; Labiak, Paulo H.

    2010-01-01

    Forests of Northeastern Brazil. Memoirs of the New Yorkin southern Bahia, Brazil. Biodiversity and Conservation 7:Atlantic Coastal Forest of southern Bahia, Brazil. In: W. W.

  3. Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Columbus Southern Power Company (doing business as AEP Ohio) Smart Grid Demonstration Project Jump to: navigation, search Project Lead Columbus Southern Power Company (doing...

  4. Southern Energy Efficiency Center (SEEC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vieira, Robin; Sonne, Jeffrey; Withers, Charles; Cummings, James; Verdict, Malcolm; Roberts, Sydney

    2009-09-30

    The Southern Energy Efficiency Center (SEEC) builds collaborative partnerships with: state and local governments and their program support offices, the building delivery industry (designers, contractors, realtors and commissioning agents), product manufacturers and their supply chains, utilities and their program implementers, consumers and other stakeholders in order to forge a strong regional network of building energy efficiency allies. Through a project Steering Committee composed of the state energy offices and building industry stakeholders, the SEEC works to establish consensus-based goals, priorities and strategies at the regional, state and local levels that will materially advance the deployment of high-performance “beyond code” buildings. In its first Phase, SEEC will provide limited technical and policy support assistance, training, certification and education to a wide spectrum of the building construction, codes and standards, and the consumer marketplace.

  5. Antarctic ice sheet fertilises the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Death, R.

    Southern Ocean (SO) marine primary productivity (PP) is strongly influenced by the availability of iron in surface waters, which is thought to exert a significant control upon atmospheric CO2 concentrations on glacial/interglacial ...

  6. Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tu-nan

    Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California CAFA Fall Picnic Date: October 27 picnic. Sincerely, Andy Yao Cindy Fang President, CAFA Vice-President, CAFA #12;Chinese American Faculty

  7. Aboriginal Residential Structures in Southern Idaho

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Thomas J

    1993-01-01

    Locales of the Westem Snake River Plain. North AmericanPoints from the Snake River Plain. In: Clovis; Origins andstudy includes the Snake River Plain in southern Idaho, and

  8. Fall 2012 FUPWG Meeting Welcome: Southern Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Fall 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—covers the Southern Company's retail service territory, financials, customers and sales, power generation, U.S. military projects, and more.

  9. JOINT CONFERENCE SOUTHERN ASSOCIATION FOR CANADIAN STUDIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    JOINT CONFERENCE SOUTHERN ASSOCIATION FOR CANADIAN STUDIES ASSOCIATION OF QUEBEC STUDIES KENNESAW and the Association of Quebec Studies will be holding a joint conference at Kennesaw State University on April 13

  10. Plethodontid salamander mitochondrial genomics: A parsimonyevaluation of character conflict and implications for historicalbiogeography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Macey, J. Robert

    2005-01-19

    A new parsimony analysis of 27 complete mitochondrial genomic sequences is conducted to investigate the phylogenetic relationships of plethodontid salamanders. This analysis focuses on the amount of character conflict between phylogenetic trees recovered from newly conducted parsimony searches and the Bayesian and maximum likelihood topology reported by Mueller et al. (2004, PNAS, 101, 13820-13825). Strong support for Hemidactylium as the sister taxon to all other plethodontids is recovered from parsimony analyses. Plotting area relationships on the most parsimonious phylogenetic tree suggests that eastern North America is the origin of the family Plethodontidae supporting the ''Out of Appalachia'' hypothesis. A new taxonomy that recognizes clades recovered from phylogenetic analyses is proposed.

  11. Continuing consolidation in the coal industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gaalaas, T.

    2006-08-15

    Extensive consolidation has occurred in the coal industry over the past decade. The greatest degree of consolidation has occurred in Northern Appalachia, the Illinois Basin, and the Wyoming portion of the Powder River Basin (PRB), which are the coal supply regions where most observers expect the greatest growth in coal production over the next decade. In addition to reducing the number of alternative suppliers, high level of concentration also tend to result in higher prices, more volatile spot markets, and lower levels of reliability. Therefore, coal-fired generators purchasing in these regions need to respond proactively and strategically to these market trends. 2 figs.

  12. The Southern Pacific, 1901-1985 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofsommer, Don L.

    2008-10-21

    158 Preface xiii 12. The St. Louis Southwestern Railway 177 List of Acronyms and Shortened Names xvii 13. Its Finest Hour 190 CHAPTER 14. Into a Bright Future 208 1. Promontory Prelude 3 15. The Russell Years 225 2. Enter Edward Henry Harriman 9... of the Cotton Belt Route 180 St. Louis Southwestern Railway 181 Topographical map of Southern Pacific 212 Cotton Belt Route 228 Palmdale-Colton Cut-Off 259 Black Mesa Pipeline 261 Alton & Southern 265 Route structure of the Chicago, Rock Island...

  13. NREL: Technology Deployment - NREL Teams with Southern California...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Teams with Southern California Gas to Launch First Power-to-Gas Project in U.S. April 14, 2015 Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas) has joined with the Energy Department's...

  14. Georgia Southern University Organization Chart 2014-2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Georgia Southern University Organization Chart 2014-2015 FINAL: August 29, 2014 R:\\Common\\Org Charts\\Rev2014n\\Georgia Southern Produced: Strategic Research & Analysis/MP NOTE: College of Graduate

  15. Electric Vehicle Manufacturing in Southern California: Current Developments, Future Prospects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Allen J.

    1993-01-01

    power plants) that produce the electricity required to recharge EVs, given the fuel generat~tng mix of Southern California,

  16. The State of California and Southern African Racism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrington, John

    1972-01-01

    28. -ll9- BACKGROUND - TO - RACISM AND AMERICAN --- FIRMS -with Southern African racism. (Firms underlineaBl conduct

  17. Georgia Southern University Electronic Thesis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    Georgia Southern University Electronic Thesis and Dissertation (ETD) Student Guide to Preparation and dissertations should adhere to include the following. · The thesis or dissertation must be the original work of the student. · Students must conform to the most recent Thesis and Dissertation Guidelines published

  18. Title: Soils: Southern Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Soils: Southern Ontario Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Publisher: Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs Edition: N Ontario. Data Type: Vector Digital Data Format: Shapfile Datum / Map Projection: NAD83 / Lambert Conformal

  19. Southern California Trial Plantings of Eucalyptus1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California Trial Plantings of Eucalyptus1 Paul W. Moore2 Following the Arab oil embargo po tential for rapid production of biomass was Eucalyptus. Three species had shown wide adaptation to California soils and microclimates. Eucalyptus globulus was widely planted as windbreaks

  20. CAMBRIAN STRATIGRAPHY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF NORTHERN ARIZONA AND SOUTHERN NEVADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Northern Arizona and Southern Nevada ARTICLE 7 TRILOBITE BIOSTRATIGRAPHY AND SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY#12;CAMBRIAN STRATIGRAPHY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF NORTHERN ARIZONA AND SOUTHERN NEVADA THE 16TH FIELD STRATIGRAPHY FLAGSTAFF, ARIZONA, AND SOUTHERN NEVADA, UNITED STATES Edited by J. Stewart Hollingsworth

  1. Climatology of Large Sediment Resuspension Events in Southern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climatology of Large Sediment Resuspension Events in Southern Lake Michigan David J. Schwab1 the southern basin, is subject to recurrent episodes of mas- sive sediment resuspension by storm-induced waves with the largest events are examined. Our analysis indicates that significant resuspension events in southern Lake

  2. Multivectorial paleointensity determination from the Cordova Gabbro, southern Ontario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunlop, David J.

    Multivectorial paleointensity determination from the Cordova Gabbro, southern Ontario Yongjae Yu à of the Cordova Gabbro of southern Ontario. We interpret A and B to be secondary thermal overprints produced determinations for 18 specimens of the Cordova Gabbro of southern Ontario, which has multivec- torial natural

  3. Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) 19982000 tropical ozone climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) 1998­2000 tropical ozone climatology 2; published 31 January 2003. [1] The first view of stratospheric and tropospheric ozone variability in the Southern Hemisphere tropics is provided by a 3-year record of ozone soundings from the Southern Hemisphere

  4. New observations of martian southern mid-latitude recurring slope lineae (RSL) imply formation by freshwater subsurface flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stillman, David E.

    before southern solstice and remain dark until slightly after the southern autumnal equinox, when peak

  5. The rhetorical structure of the southern lady: an analysis of the myth of southern womanhood 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Givens, Vonda Ka

    1994-01-01

    examined. Analysis looks at the use of upper-class white southern women in films, with special focus on Gone wi th the Wind, its characterization of Scarlett O' Hara, and the characterization of women in subsequent plantation-story films. It is argued...-1993. 113 Plantation-Story Films: 1940-1993. Mythological Implications. . . . . . . . . Final Thoughts. 122 154 164 CONCLUSION: THE MYTH OF SOUTHERN WOMANHOOD FROM THE NINETEENTH TO THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY 167 Beyond the Twentieth Century 169...

  6. Southern Pine Based on Biorefinery Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragauskas, Arthur J; Singh, Preet

    2014-01-10

    This program seeks to develop an integrated southern pine wood to biofuels/biomaterials processing facility on the Recipient’s campus, that will test advanced integrated wood processing technologies at the laboratory scale, including: • The generation of the bioethanol from pines residues and hemicelluloses extracted from pine woodchips; • The conversion of extracted woodchips to linerboard and bleach grade pulps; and • The efficient conversion of pine residues, bark and kraft cooking liquor into a useful pyrolysis oil.

  7. Wave Patterns and Southern Hemisphere Convergence Zones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramotowski, Michelle R.

    2013-04-11

    for his unwavering support. v NOMENCLATURE CLAUS Cloud Archive User Service ECMWF European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting ENSO El Nino Southern Oscillation GPCP Global Precipitation Climatology Project MJO Madden...-Julian Oscillation P Pressure PV Potential Vorticity t Time T Temperature Tb Brightness temperature u zonal component of wind v meridional component of wind V Total wind velocity Vg Geostrophic wind ? Potential temperature ? Vertical motion vi...

  8. Southern Iowa Bio Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern Indiana GasBio

  9. Southern Nevada Health District | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern IndianaNevada

  10. Southern Rockies Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: SouthernRockies

  11. Southern Solar Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: SouthernRockiesSolar Ltd

  12. High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    is designing and demonstrating a high productivity system to harvest, process, and transport woody biomass from southern pine plantations. The final product will be a system...

  13. Olive fruit fly populations measured in Central and Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Richard E.; Phillips, Phil A.; Stewart-Leslie, Judy; Sibbett, G. Steven

    2003-01-01

    olive grove in southern Tulare County in the San Joaquinflies were trapped in Tulare County, and in adjacent Kernand noncommercial sites in Tulare and Fresno counties to

  14. Southern Coal finds value in the met market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2009-11-15

    The Justice family launches a new coal company (Southern Coal Corp.) to serve metallurgical and steam coal markets. 1 tab., 3 photos.

  15. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the...

  16. Southern Pine Electric Power Association- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southern Pine Electric Power Association offers the Comfort Advantage Home Program which provides rebates on heat pumps to new homes which meet certain Comfort Advantage weatherization standards....

  17. Southern Oregon University Highlighted by U.S. Energy Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    investments by Southern Oregon University (SOU). The school's investments in renewable energy, sustainability, and purchasing Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) are benefiting...

  18. Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and the American...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Emergency Order and allow federal and state regulators the discretion to enforce binding air pollution control laws. PDF icon Comments of the Southern Environmental Law Center and...

  19. Comments of Southern Company Services, Inc. on DOE Request for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    for Information-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Empowering Customers and the Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party Use, and Privacy Comments of Southern Company...

  20. Sandia Energy - Sandia's Work with Texas Southern University...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia's Work with Texas Southern University Cited by Representative Sheila Jackson Lee Home Infrastructure Security Facilities Partnership News NISAC News & Events Modeling...

  1. Alternate Fuel Cell Membranes at the University of Southern Mississipp...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Southern Mississippi studied structure-property relationships in order to develop fuel cell membranes capable of operating at high temperatures. As fuel cells must be able...

  2. High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern Pine Energy Plantations Feedstock Supply and Logistics: Biomass as a Commodity Feedstock Supply and Logistics:Biomass as a Commodity...

  3. High Tonnage Forest Biomass Production Systems from Southern...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and demonstrating a high productivity system to harvest, process, and transport woody biomass from southern pine plantations. auburnprojectabstract1.pdf More Documents &...

  4. ARM - Lesson Plans: Southern Great Plains

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, Alaska Outreach Home Room News PublicationsClimatePast SeaSea WaterSouthern

  5. Southern Illinois Power Coop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter BatterySolarfin JumpOpen EnergySoutheastern ElectricCAGen CoSouthern

  6. Southern Great Plains Ice Nuclei Characterization Experiment

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species3performedValleySouthern Great Plains Ice Nuclei

  7. Minutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team: Southern Regional Water Quality Project Animal Waste Management Topic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Symposium on the State of the Science: Animal Manure and Waste Management Attended by: M. Risse (UGA), T. Doug Hamilton agreed to organize the workshop on "Management of Lagoons and liquid waste storage: Southern Animal and Waste Management Quarterly 2. Format & length: Electronic, pdf and MSWord (by request

  8. Methods for hydrographic data collection and use applied to infer biogeochemistry in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Brendan Rae

    2011-01-01

    Lima (2007), Enhanced CO 2 outgassing in the Southern OceanLima (2007), Enhanced CO 2 outgassing in the Southern OceanLima (2007), Enhanced CO2 outgassing in the Southern Ocean

  9. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis for a Dam Site in Calabria (Southern Italy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmaro, Paolo; Stewart, Jonathan P.

    2015-01-01

    expected accelerations for some dam sites in Southern Italy,Seismic Hazard Analysis for a Dam Site in Calabria (SouthernSeismic Hazard Analysis for a Dam Site in Calabria (Southern

  10. Bats and offshore wind turbines studied in southern Scandinavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bats and offshore wind turbines studied in southern Scandinavia 2005 - 2006 Bats & Wind Energy Pettersson Presented by Ingemar Ahlén #12;Bats and offshore wind turbines studied in southern Scandinavia straight towards planned offshore wind farms Red dots = Wind turbines Black dots = Planned turbines #12

  11. South Florida Ecosystem Restoration: Scientific Information Needs in the Southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Florida Ecosystem Restoration: Scientific Information Needs in the Southern Coastal Areas information needed for ecosystem restoration in the Southern Coastal Areas of South Florida. In 1996 is the successor to the Science Subgroup. 2 South Florida Ecosystem Restoration: Scientific Information Needs

  12. Title: Physiography of Southern Ontario (MRD228) Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Physiography of Southern Ontario (MRD228) Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Ontario Geological Survey Publisher: Ontario Geological Survey Edition: N/A Versions: N/A Publication Date: 2007 Coverage Date(s): N/A Updates: N/A Abstract: "Physiography of Southern Ontario" by L.J. Chapman and D.F. Putnam

  13. Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario Data Creator / Copyright Owner: First Base/A Coverage Date(s): 2002 Updates: N/A Abstract: The Digital Terrain Model (DTM) of southern Ontario / UTM (17) Resolution: N/A Coordinates: N/A Index Map: N/A Keywords (Place): Ontario Keywords (Subject

  14. Racing to Success 2005 Southern Region Water Quality Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AE06-11 Racing to Success 2005 Southern Region Water Quality Conference Lexington, Kentucky. It was the tenth biennial conference organized and conducted by the Southern Region Water Quality Planning area provided the framework for the conference. A description of these 12 programs in addition to much

  15. Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diseases of plantation forestry trees in eastern and southern Africa J. Roux a*, G. Meke b , B a Introduction Plantations of non-native trees have been grown in Africa for more than 100 years.1,2 The most especially for construction timber and fuel, while in southern Africa this timber also sustains a thriving

  16. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa Joseph K. Pickrella,1,2 , Nick, 2014 (received for review July 30, 2013) The history of southern Africa involved interactions between eastern Africa. In particular, we also find evidence for two admixture events in the history of Kenyan

  17. Population Dynamics of Northern Bobwhites in Southern Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demaso, Stephen

    2010-01-16

    Northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) are an important cultural, ecological, and economical part of the southern Texas landscape. I used radio-telemetry data from 2000?2005, part of a long-term, bobwhite study in southern Texas, to test the nest...

  18. CAMBRIAN STRATIGRAPHY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF NORTHERN ARIZONA AND SOUTHERN NEVADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;CAMBRIAN STRATIGRAPHY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF NORTHERN ARIZONA AND SOUTHERN NEVADA THE 16TH FIELD STRATIGRAPHY FLAGSTAFF, ARIZONA, AND SOUTHERN NEVADA, UNITED STATES Edited by J. Stewart Hollingsworth. A., and Foster, J. R., (editors), 2011, Cambrian Stratigraphy and Paleontology of Northern Arizona

  19. SKS Splitting from Ocean Bottom Seismometer Data in Offshore Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramsay, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    recorded on an OBS network offshore Southern California togoldengate.ce.caltech.edu/~kohler/Offshore/ALBACORE_2011_Bottom Seismometer Data in Offshore Southern California A

  20. Jets, mixing, and topography in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boland, Emma Joan Douglas

    2013-11-12

    .3 The Southern Ocean in models The Southern Ocean has been represented in models with a range of complexities, from full Earth system models to simple 2D quasi-geostrophic models to 1D flux models. Due to computational restrictions, modern global circulation... models and earth system models are eddy-permitting, rather than eddy-resolving. This requires some parametrisation of eddy activity, as previously mentioned. Lee and Coward (2003) studied the Southern Ocean in the OCCAM model at 1/4? (eddy permitting...

  1. PPD 227 Urban Planning and Development University of Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    PPD 227 Urban Planning and Development University of Southern California Sol Price School of Public; and by appointment Mi Young Kim, Teaching Assistant miyoungk@usc.edu Tuesdays 10-11am; RGL 2nd floor corridor tables

  2. Page 1 of 3 Southern California Clean Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    Energy Innovation Announcement & Invitation to Apply The von Liebig Center for Entrepreneurism Solar Thermal Energy Wind Energy Electricity Transmission and Distribution Hydrogen and Fuel CellPage 1 of 3 Southern California Clean Energy Technology Acceleration Program Accelerating Clean

  3. Southern Connections and the RES Peter S. Cranston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cranston, Peter S.

    Southern Connections and the RES Peter S. Cranston Entomology, University of California, Davis audience attend ed the follOWing list of pro pective participants was registrar Bill Blakemore, [ was able

  4. CHINESE AMERICAN FACULTY ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (CAFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tu-nan

    1 CHINESE AMERICAN FACULTY ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (CAFA) NEWSLETTER, January 28, 2003 and Friends, Happy Chinese New Year! As your President and President-elect of the Chinese American Faculty

  5. High Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Phoebe J.; Bishop, James K.B.

    2006-01-01

    of enhanced carbon biomass and export at 55 degrees S duringM. , 2001. Upper ocean export of particulate organic carbonedge dynamics on production and export in the Southern Ocean

  6. Southern Power District- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Southern Power District (SPD) offers rebates for the purchase and installation of efficient air source heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, attic insulation, and HVAC tune-ups.  Contractors who...

  7. Information Extraction Jerry R. Hobbs, University of Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riloff, Ellen

    present an overview of different learning-based methods for information extraction, including supervisedChapter 21 Information Extraction Jerry R. Hobbs, University of Southern California Ellen Riloff ....................................... 16 21.5 How Good is Information Extraction? .................................. 21 21

  8. Ancient west Eurasian ancestry in southern and eastern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickrell, Joseph K.

    The history of southern Africa involved interactions between indigenous hunter–gatherers and a range of populations that moved into the region. Here we use genome-wide genetic data to show that there are at least two ...

  9. Characterization of maize testing locations in eastern and southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maideni, Francis W.

    2006-08-16

    The region of eastern and southern Africa is very diverse in environments and agronomic practices. The region has one of the highest per capita consumption of maize (Zea mays. L), which is predominantly produced by smallholder farmers. Some...

  10. The biogeochemistry and residual mean circulation of the southern ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Takamitsu, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    I develop conceptual models of the biogeochemistry and physical circulation of the Southern Ocean in order to study the air-sea fluxes of trace gases and biological productivity and their potential changes over ...

  11. NREL: Technology Transfer - NREL Teams with Southern California...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in U.S. April 14, 2015 Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas) has joined with the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the National Fuel Cell...

  12. Larger Black Flour Beetle in Southern High Plains Homes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Patrick; McIntyre, Nancy E.

    2007-04-09

    Larger black flour beetles have invaded homes and other buildings in some Southern High Plains counties in Texas. This publication explains how to identify the beetles, find and eliminate the source, and exclude the insects from the house....

  13. CLIMATE-FIRE RELATIONSHIPS IN THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Ralph C.

    2011-01-11

    This study is meant to explain the fire regime of the southern Appalachian Mountain Range of the southeastern United States by analyzing spatial statistics and climate-fire relationships. The spatial statistics were created by obtaining...

  14. GeorgiaSouthern.edu/factbook On the Cover

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    and made-to-order pasta, Mongolian grill selections, a full bakery, an espresso/smoothie bar, and separate sustainability at the forefront of Georgia Southern's mission, Dining Commons was built as a Leadership in Energy

  15. High Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Phoebe J.; Bishop, James K.B.

    2006-01-01

    of enhanced carbon biomass and export at 55 degrees S duringHigh Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean PhoebeSurface waters with high biomass levels and high proportion

  16. Southern Regional Center for Lightweight Innovative Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-08-24

    The Southern Regional Center for Lightweight Innovative Design (SRCLID) has developed an experimentally validated cradle-to-grave modeling and simulation effort to optimize automotive components in order to decrease weight and cost, yet increase performance and safety in crash scenarios. In summary, the three major objectives of this project are accomplished: To develop experimentally validated cradle-to-grave modeling and simulation tools to optimize automotive and truck components for lightweighting materials (aluminum, steel, and Mg alloys and polymer-based composites) with consideration of uncertainty to decrease weight and cost, yet increase the performance and safety in impact scenarios; To develop multiscale computational models that quantify microstructure-property relations by evaluating various length scales, from the atomic through component levels, for each step of the manufacturing process for vehicles; and To develop an integrated K-12 educational program to educate students on lightweighting designs and impact scenarios. In this final report, we divided the content into two parts: the first part contains the development of building blocks for the project, including materials and process models, process-structure-property (PSP) relationship, and experimental validation capabilities; the second part presents the demonstration task for Mg front-end work associated with USAMP projects.

  17. Appraisal Seattle, Renton and Southern Railway Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, John H.

    1913-01-01

    ’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu A Civil Engineering thesis of the University of Kansas APPRAISAL BEUTLE REHTON M D SOUTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY i l O C ^ I I N D E X L e t t e r o f T r a n s m i t t a l , H i s t o r y... , Purpose and Scope o f A p p r a i s a l , Cost o f R e p r o d u c t i o n , D i s c u s s i o n o Cost o f R e p r o d u c t i o n , E s t i m a t e o f , D e p r e c i a t e d V a l u e , D i s c u s s i o n o f , D e p r e c i a t e d V a l u e...

  18. Southern Cross Writer's Block: The Writer's Club of the USS Southern Cross Issue 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Sheila

    2008-01-01

    to beam up.? ?Confirmed,? came Ensign Lionel?s voice. The next instant, the away team?s bodies became digitized and promptly reappeared on the transporter pad aboard the Southern Cross. Rather that was what was supposed to happen; unfortunately... Ensign Kalana failed to reappear with the rest. Upon taking note of this fact, Ja?rod strode quickly over to the console where Ensign Lionel was frantically working the controls. ?What happened? Where is Ensign Kalama,? asked the engineer as he began...

  19. Observations on the Northern Scorpion,Observations on the Northern Scorpion, ParuroctonusParuroctonus boreusboreus,, in southern Alberta, 1983in southern Alberta, 1983--20032003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Dan L.

    Paruroctonus boreusboreus,, in southern Alberta, 1983in southern Alberta, 1983--20032003 Going,... going,... gone. 7th,1972; Hjelle, 1972, Johnson and Allred, 1972, Tourtlotte, 1974). In southern Alberta, it is found in dry, or in narrow cavities under surface stones. Distribution: In Alberta, this species occurs in the valleys

  20. Southern Nevada Alternative Fuels Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyde, Dan; Fast, Matthew

    2009-12-31

    The Southern Nevada Alternative Fuels Program is designed to demonstrate, in a day-to-day bus operation, the reliability and efficiency of a hydrogen bus operation under extreme conditions. By using ICE technology and utilizing a virtually emission free fuel, benefits to be derived include air quality enhancement and vehicle performance improvements from domestically produced, renewable energy sources. The project objective is to help both Ford and the City demonstrate and evaluate the performance characteristics of the E-450 H2ICE shuttle buses developed by Ford, which use a 6.8-liter supercharged Triton V-10 engine with a hydrogen storage system equivalent to 29 gallons of gasoline. The technology used during the demonstration project in the Ford buses is a modified internal combustion engine that allows the vehicles to run on 100% hydrogen fuel. Hydrogen gives a more thorough fuel burn which results in more power and responsiveness and less pollution. The resultant emissions from the tailpipe are 2010 Phase II compliant with NO after treatment. The City will lease two of these E-450 H2ICE buses from Ford for two years. The buses are outfitted with additional equipment used to gather information needed for the evaluation. Performance, reliability, safety, efficiency, and rider comments data will be collected. The method of data collection will be both electronically and manually. Emissions readings were not obtained during the project. The City planned to measure the vehicle exhaust with an emissions analyzer machine but discovered the bus emission levels were below the capability of their machine. Passenger comments were solicited on the survey cards. The majority of comments were favorable. The controllable issues encountered during this demonstration project were mainly due to the size of the hydrogen fuel tanks at the site and the amount of fuel that could be dispensed during a specified period of time. The uncontrollable issues encountered during this project were related to the economy and the budget cutbacks required during the project duration, which resulted in fewer bus drivers than expected the ultimate shut down of the City’s downtown bus operations.

  1. Pipeline issues shape southern FSU oil, gas development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-05-22

    To future production from southern republics of the former Soviet Union (FSU), construction and revitalization of pipelines are as important as the supply of capital. Export capacity will limit production and slow development activity in the region until new pipelines are in place. Plenty of pipeline proposals have come forward. The problem is politics, which for every proposal so far complicates routing or financing or both. Russia has made clear its intention to use pipeline route decisions to retain influence in the region. As a source of external pressure, it is not alone. Iran and Turkey also have made strong bids for the southern FSU`s oil and gas transport business. Diplomacy thus will say as much as commerce does about how transportation issues are settled and how quickly the southern republics move toward their potentials to produce oil and gas. The paper discusses possible routes and the problems with them, the most likely proposal, and future oil flows.

  2. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  3. Lessons learned by southern states in transportation of radioactive materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    This report has been prepared under a cooperative agreement with DOE`s Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) and is a summary of the lessons learned by southern states regarding the transportation of radioactive materials including High-Level Radioactive Wastes (HLRW) and Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF). Sources used in this publication include interviews of state radiological health and public safety officials that are members of the Southern States Energy Board (SSEB) Advisory Committee on Radioactive Materials Transportation, as well as the Board`s Transuranic (TRU) Waste Transportation Working Group. Other sources include letters written by the above mentioned committees concerning various aspects of DOE shipment campaigns.

  4. Policy Responses to Human Trafficking in Southern Africa: Domesticating International Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Britton, Hannah E.; Dean, Laura A.

    2014-01-01

    Human trafficking is increasingly recognized as an outcome of economic insecurity, gender inequality, and conflict, all significant factors in the region of southern Africa. This paper examines policy responses to human trafficking in southern...

  5. Black African Women's Motivations for Involvement in Southern African Liberation Struggles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalufka, Alaina 1987-

    2011-04-26

    Since the introduction of colonialism, African women have frequently been ignored in and excluded from political life in southern Africa. However, many women participated as freedom fighters and activists in southern ...

  6. ARTICLE IN PRESS Neogene tectonic evolution of the southern and eastern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utrecht, Universiteit

    Miocene collision of the Carpathian arc with the European platform, followed by relative tectonic with unprecedented magnetostratigraphic age control, covering the areas referred to as the southern Car- pathians in the southern Car- pathians and frontal conver

  7. Morphological taxonomy, DNA barcoding, and species diversity in southern Rocky Mountain headwater streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamudio, Kelly R.

    Morphological taxonomy, DNA barcoding, and species diversity in southern Rocky Mountain headwater and Conditions #12;MOLECULAR APPROACHES IN FRESHWATER ECOLOGY Morphological taxonomy, DNA barcoding, and species: diversity, elevation, DNA barcoding, taxonomy, aquatic insect, EPT, southern Rocky Mountain Elevation

  8. DOE Awards $235 Million to Southern Company to Build Clean Coal...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Awards 235 Million to Southern Company to Build Clean Coal Plant DOE Awards 235 Million to Southern Company to Build Clean Coal Plant February 22, 2006 - 12:13pm Addthis...

  9. Demographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested by an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharf, Fred

    -level effects and negatively affect long-term fishery yield. K E Y W O R D S : age structure, fishing practices are captured in stationary gillnets and pound nets. Nearly all commercial harvest occurs in estuarine watersDemographic characteristics of southern flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, harvested

  10. High wind evaluation in the Southern Ocean Xiaojun Yuan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatiwala, Samar

    1 High wind evaluation in the Southern Ocean Xiaojun Yuan Lamont-Doherty of Earth Observatory based scatterometer instruments provide crucial surface wind measurements with high resolution over winds at high wind bands because these regions host the strongest wind fields at the ocean surface

  11. Spectral Discrimination between Quarry Blasts and Earthquakes in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shearer, Peter

    Short Note Spectral Discrimination between Quarry Blasts and Earthquakes in Southern California, with the goal of developing methods to discriminate between these events. We process the spectra using reliable explosion discriminant than the S-to-P am- plitude ratio and works for about 90% of the events

  12. Pre-Inca mining in the Southern Nasca Region, Peru

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pre-Inca mining in the Southern Nasca Region, Peru Jelmer W. Eerkens1 , Kevin J. Vaughn2 & Moises Linares Grados3 Guided by modern miners of the region the authors track down pre-Inca mining sites, extraction or production. Keywords: Peru, Nasca, pre-Hispanic, mining Introduction Godoy (1985) has suggested

  13. Event Registration Form Southern Region Water Conference -#71695

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Event Registration Form Southern Region Water Conference - #71695 09/13/2011 - 09/16/2011 name;EVENT REGISTRATION Your registration will not be processed until payment is received. Conference Registration Full Conference Registration $150 ______ Registration after 8/12/11 $200 ______ Full Conference

  14. BINARY STAR ORBITS. IV. ORBITS OF 18 SOUTHERN INTERFEROMETRIC PAIRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, Brian D.; Hartkopf, William I.; Tokovinin, Andrei E-mail: wih@usno.navy.mi

    2010-09-15

    First orbits are presented for 3 interferometric pairs and revised solutions for 15 others, based in part on first results from a recently initiated program of speckle interferometric observations of neglected southern binaries. Eight of these systems contain additional components, with multiplicity ranging up to 6.

  15. Fertilization and Irrigation of Eucalyptus in Southern California1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fertilization and Irrigation of Eucalyptus in Southern California1 Paul W. Moore2 In 1981 no injury has been observed on previous Eucalyptus plantings served by the same source. Weed control of nitrogen per acre per year. 1 Presented at the Workshop on Eucalyptus in California, June 14-16, 1983

  16. SWINE MANURE APPLICATION TIMING: RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTS IN SOUTHERN MINNESOTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    SWINE MANURE APPLICATION TIMING: RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTS IN SOUTHERN MINNESOTA Jose A was to determine the best time to apply liquid swine manure to corn to maximize crop yields and minimize nitrogen to determine the optimum time for swine manure application, the following experiments were carried out at SROC

  17. Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) 19982004 tropical ozone climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) 1998­2004 tropical ozone climatology: 3 more than 3000 ozone profiles from 14 tropical and subtropical sites using balloon- borne technique might cause small station-to-station biases in the total ozone measurement. We present further

  18. Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) 19982000 tropical ozone climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) 1998­2000 tropical ozone climatology 1. Comparison with Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) and ground-based measurements Anne M. Thompson,1 Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) project and established from operational sites, provided over 1000 ozone

  19. Holocene climate evolution in the high-latitude Southern Hemisphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renssen, Hans

    temperature evolution during different seasons in the high-latitude Southern Hemisphere. We find in summer a thermal optimum in the mid- Holocene (6Á/3 ka BP), with temperatures locally 38C above the preindustrial insolation by 1 to 2 months owing to the thermal inertia of the system, and (2) the long memory

  20. El Nino -Southern Oscillations: Phenomenology and dynamical background Eli Tziperman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tziperman, Eli

    Lecture 1 El Nino - Southern Oscillations: Phenomenology and dynamical background Eli Tziperman 1 and animations are available on the El Nino theme page at http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/nino- home anomalies during La Nina, normal conditions and during El Nino are shown in Fig. 15. The slope

  1. AEROSOL-PRECIPITATION INTERACTIONS IN THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AEROSOL-PRECIPITATION INTERACTIONS IN THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS A Thesis by GINGER MARIE of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 2011 Department of Geography and Planning #12;AEROSOL-PRECIPITATION and Graduate Studies #12;Copyright by Ginger Marie Kelly 2011 All Rights Reserved #12;iv ABSTRACT AEROSOL-PRECIPITATION

  2. GEOLOGY, May 2008 359 The retreat of the southern Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Anders

    GEOLOGY, May 2008 359 ABSTRACT The retreat of the southern Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) during that the southern GIS has a significant lag in its response to deglacial warming. Here we use geochemical to examine the behavior of the southern GIS during TI and TII. Our records show that during TI and TII

  3. Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Yang

    Thermal, hydrous, and mechanical states of the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa John cratons in southern Africa; consequently, the mantle transition zone is 20 km thicker than beneath post: lithosphere; upper mantle; transition zone; cratoni convection; Southern Africa 1. Introduction The upper

  4. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Large-Scale Active Middleware (LSAM) September 3, 1997 1 of 27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touch, Joe

    transport UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Large-Scale Active Middleware (LSAM) September 3, 1997 8 of 27UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Large-Scale Active Middleware (LSAM) September 3, 1997 1 of 27 Middleware Project USC/ISI Computer Networks Division UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Large-Scale Active

  5. Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Highwood, Ellie

    Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern Africa Steven Met Office C-130 within a distinct biomass burning plume during the Southern AFricAn Regional science, and P. R. Buseck, Evolution of biomass burning aerosol properties from an agricultural fire in southern

  6. Continuing Education and Training Needs of the Southern Forest Industry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, John K.; Albrecht, Don E.; Lee, J. Charles; Klinoff, Roger

    1985-01-01

    , decisionmak ing and communication skills, and an understanding of wood procurement and production for upper and middle management, and supervisors. Only a few of the topics included in the survey were perceived by executives as necessary information... Continuing Education and Training Needs ????,.ofthe '. ", , ; Southern Forest .?? Industry ft LIBRARY DEC 20 1985 . ~xas A&M UniversaL . 8-1508 The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station/Neville P. Clarke, Director/The Texas A&M University System...

  7. Cosmology using the Parkes Multibeam Southern-Sky HI Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Thomas

    1996-07-02

    I discuss the implications of the Parkes HI Multibeam Southern Sky Survey for cosmology. It will determine the local mass function of HI clouds, detecting several hundred per decade of mass. Each of these will come with a redshift and, for the more massive clouds, an estimate of the velocity width. This will provide an ideal database for peculiar motion studies and for measurements of biasing of galaxies relative to the underlying matter distribution.

  8. Southern Indiana Gas & Elec Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern Indiana Gas

  9. Southern Iowa Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern Indiana

  10. Southern Maryland Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern Indiana

  11. Southern Pines, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Southern

  12. Southern Ute Alternative Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: SouthernRockiesSolar

  13. Southern View, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren) Jump to: navigation, search Name: SouthernRockiesSolarView,

  14. PROJECT PROFILE: Southern Research Institute | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy Bills andOrder 422.1, CONDUCT P - . . -Pathways) |Department ofSouthern

  15. Response of Southern Company Services, Inc. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-A Wholesale PowerNatural GasBreakoutResponse SEABof Southern

  16. Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering Equipment at the University of Southern Indiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, Zane Windsor; Gordon, Scott Allen

    2014-08-04

    Department of Energy grant DE-SC0005231was awarded to the University of Southern Indiana for the purchase of Advanced Manufacturing and Engineering equipment.

  17. The LGBT Divide: A Data Portrait of LGBT People in the Midwestern, Mountain & Southern States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasenbush, Amira; Flores, Andrew; Kastanis, Angeliki; Sears, Brad; Gates, Gary

    2014-01-01

    the South, Midwest and Mountain states in more depth mayin the Midwestern, Mountain & Southern States By Amirain the Midwest, South and Mountain states with limited legal

  18. Environmental history of southern Patagonia unravelled by the seismic stratigraphy of Laguna Potrok Aike

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    sediments, maar lake, palaeoclimate, Patagonia, seismic stratigraphy, Westerlies. Sedimentology (2008) doiEnvironmental history of southern Patagonia unravelled by the seismic stratigraphy of Laguna Potrok

  19. Environmental history of southern Patagonia unravelled by the seismic stratigraphy of Laguna Potrok Aike

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    sediments, maar lake, palaeoclimate, Patagonia, seismic stratigraphy, Westerlies. Sedimentology (2009) 56Environmental history of southern Patagonia unravelled by the seismic stratigraphy of Laguna Potrok

  20. Coastal Ocean Studies in Southern San Diego Using High-Frequency Radar Derived Surface Currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sung Yong

    2009-01-01

    high-frequency radar derived surface current measured andcoastal region Chapter 5 derived surface current by viib) vector current map derived from HF radars in southern San

  1. Coastal ocean studies in southern San Diego using high- frequency radar derived surface currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sung Yong

    2009-01-01

    high-frequency radar derived surface current measured andcoastal region Chapter 5 derived surface current by viib) vector current map derived from HF radars in southern San

  2. ARM - Field Campaign - 1995 Southern Oxidants Study (SOS)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design to Improve4AJ01) (See22, 2012 [DataJulyMarch 27,5 Southern Oxidants Study (SOS)

  3. NGEN Partners LLC (Southern California) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsourceEnergyTexas:NGEN Partners LLC (Southern

  4. Southern Asia future plans feature long-distance lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports that although pipe line mileage working, planned and under study has dipped slightly from 47,346 km (29,420 mi) to 44,853 km (27,871 mi), Southern Asia continues to hold a strong position for future projects with some of the most interesting programs in the international market. Two dramatic, long-distance natural gas transmission, gathering and lateral networks continue to hold the future pipe line construction spotlight in Southern Asia. The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) continues to study a 7,830 km (4,865 mi) gas transmission system. With an estimated cost of $10 billion, the system includes some 6,276 km (3,900 mi) of transmission lines, with 1,094 km (680 mi) offshore. Group members include Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The second project, the Trans-Asian Pipeline System, involves 3,380 km (2,100 mi) of transmission lines from the Iran's Bandar Abbas gas field across Pakistan to a terminal at Calcutta, India.

  5. Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, vol. 3, no. 1 (2008) The Southern Alberta Information Resources (SAIR) Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    2008-01-01

    (2008) The Southern Alberta Information Resources (SAIR) Project Kathy Crewdson President NextLibrary Inc. Ian Dew Consultant NextLibrary Inc. Wendy Osborn Director Southern Alberta Digital Library University of Lethbridge Abstract The Southern Alberta Information Resources (SAIR) Project

  6. Estimates of the Southern Ocean general circulation improved by animal-borne instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Carl

    of the Southern Ocean have become available through the use of instrumented seals. ConductivityEstimates of the Southern Ocean general circulation improved by animal-borne instruments Fabien collection of seal-derived hydrographic data is now available, consisting of more than 165,000 profiles

  7. Opportunities for Visual Resource Management in the Southern Appalachian Coal Basin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Opportunities for Visual Resource Management in the Southern Appalachian Coal Basin1 John W) in the southern Appalachian coal basin resulting from the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. It focuses been concerned with the visual impacts resulting from the surface mined coal the agency purchases

  8. The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Chapter 4 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model #12;74 #12;75 The Red-billed Quelea in southern Africa: primary moult and the rainfall migration model Abstract The onset and duration of primary moult were investigated for Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea

  9. Infrasound events detected with the Southern California Seismic E. S. Cochran1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shearer, Peter

    design and its degree of isolation from the air, an above ground or near-surface seismic stationInfrasound events detected with the Southern California Seismic Network E. S. Cochran1 and P. M. [1] We examine continuous data from the Southern California Seismic Network from 2003 and identify

  10. Surveys of the Logging Contractor Population 8 Southern States and Maine Cornelis F. de Hoop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10.0 Surveys of the Logging Contractor Population ­ 8 Southern States and Maine by Cornelis F. de. Egan Associate Professor Department of Forest Management University of Maine Orono, ME 04469-5755 W. Thus, surveys of loggers in Maine and in eight southern states were conducted to gain additional

  11. Wind speed influence on phytoplankton bloom dynamics in the Southern Ocean Marginal Ice Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Keith

    Wind speed influence on phytoplankton bloom dynamics in the Southern Ocean Marginal Ice Zone Dillon; published 7 August 2007. [1] Analysis of satellite ocean color and wind speed data within the seasonal ice. Moore (2007), Wind speed influence on phytoplankton bloom dynamics in the Southern Ocean Marginal Ice

  12. Carbon dioxide and oxygen fluxes in the Southern Ocean: Mechanisms of interannual variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Follows, Mick

    Carbon dioxide and oxygen fluxes in the Southern Ocean: Mechanisms of interannual variability A) to highlight the importance of convective mixing in inducing anomalous air-sea fluxes of carbon dioxide (2007), Carbon dioxide and oxygen fluxes in the Southern Ocean: Mechanisms of interannual variability

  13. Coastal pollution hazards in southern California observed by SAR imagery: stormwater plumes, wastewater plumes,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washburn, Libe

    Coastal pollution hazards in southern California observed by SAR imagery: stormwater plumes pollution hazards for the heavily populated Southern California Bight (SCB). Due to their small size observational tool for assessment and monitoring of coastal marine pollution hazards in the SCB and other

  14. A model of sediment resuspension and transport dynamics in southern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A model of sediment resuspension and transport dynamics in southern Lake Michigan Jing Lou-three-dimensional suspended sediment transport model was developed and generalized to include combined wave-current effects to study bottom sediment resuspension and transport in southern Lake Michigan. The results from a three

  15. A short-lived aeolian event during the Early Holocene in southern Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A short-lived aeolian event during the Early Holocene in southern Norway Helena Alexanderson & Mona.alexanderson@geol.lu.se) Department of Environmental Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway (mona Starmoen 1 Unit 4 The Starmoen dune field in southern Norway was formed during a single, brief phase

  16. SURVIVAL AND HOME RANGE CHARACTERISTICS OF MERRIAM'S TURKEY GOBBLERS IN THE SOUTHERN BLACK HILLS, SOUTH DAKOTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SURVIVAL AND HOME RANGE CHARACTERISTICS OF MERRIAM'S TURKEY GOBBLERS IN THE SOUTHERN BLACK HILLS;ii SURVIVAL AND HOME RANGE CHARACTERISTICS OF MERRIAM'S TURKEY GOBBLERS IN THE SOUTHERN BLACK l. I thank all fellow graduate students who helped trap turkeys and for making the office an enjoyable

  17. Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California (CAFA) Newsletter, January 16, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Tu-nan

    Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California (CAFA) Newsletter, January 16, 2001! As your President and President-elect of the Chinese American Faculty Association of Southern California research findings on "Viral Hepatitis and Liver Cancer: Scourges of the Chinese?" We need your help

  18. An inverse relationship between production and export efficiency in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An inverse relationship between production and export efficiency in the Southern Ocean Kanchan of studies have been carried out in the Southern Ocean to look at export production using drifting sediment the existing relationships between production, export efficiency, and temperature to derive satellite

  19. An inverse relationship between production and export efficiency in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buesseler, Ken

    An inverse relationship between production and export efficiency in the Southern Ocean Kanchan out in the Southern Ocean to look at export production using drifting sediment traps and thorium-234 between production, export efficiency, and temperature to derive satellite-based carbon export estimates

  20. Mortality in Southern Ontario Red Pine Plantations: Causes, Consequences, and Management Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiang, Tom

    No. 69 2010 Mortality in Southern Ontario Red Pine Plantations: Causes, Consequences, and Management Options By J.A. McLAughLin1 , T. hsiAng2 , g. hALicki hAyden1 And s. greifenhAgen1 1 Ontario that is among the most extensively planted tree species in southern Ontario. In the 1920s, reforestation

  1. Inferred summer precipitation for southern Ontario back to AD 610, as reconstructed from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inferred summer precipitation for southern Ontario back to AD 610, as reconstructed from ring-cedar (Thuja occidentalis L.) from the Niagara Escarpment in southern Ontario, Canada. Using principal dendrochronologiques du thuya occidental (Thuja occidentalis L.) provenant de l'escarpement du Niagara dans le sud de l'Ontario

  2. The influence of Southern Hemisphere seaice extent on the latitude of the midlatitude jet stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidston, Joseph

    The influence of Southern Hemisphere seaice extent on the latitude of the midlatitude jet stream J midlatitude jet stream, but that the amplitude of the atmospheric response depends critically on the location), The influence of Southern Hemisphere seaice extent on the latitude of the midlatitude jet stream, Geophys. Res

  3. Impact of Antarctic Ozone Depletion and Recovery on Southern Hemisphere Precipitation, Evaporation, and Extreme Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Seok-Woo

    Impact of Antarctic Ozone Depletion and Recovery on Southern Hemisphere Precipitation, Evaporation) ABSTRACT The possible impact of Antarctic ozone depletion and recovery on Southern Hemisphere (SH) mean- tercomparison Project 3 (CMIP3). By grouping models into four sets, those with and without ozone depletion

  4. Sensitivity of the Overturning Circulation in the Southern Ocean to Decadal Changes in Wind Forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naveira Garabato, Alberto

    Sensitivity of the Overturning Circulation in the Southern Ocean to Decadal Changes in Wind Forcing circulation in the Southern Ocean to the recent decadal strengthening of the overlying winds is being to changes in winds. Fundamental to reconciling these diverse views is to un- derstand properly the role

  5. Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon lake August 2012; published 9 October 2012. [1] We test hypothetical tsunami scenarios against a 4,600-year for prehistoric Cascadia tsunamis. Tsunami simulations constrain coseismic slip estimates for the southern

  6. 2005 University of Southern Mississippi Migratory Bird Research Group Lake Huron Shoreline, Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Frank R.

    © 2005 University of Southern Mississippi Migratory Bird Research Group Lake Huron Shoreline 25 Conneticut Warbler 0 0 1 0 Common Yellowthroat 6 4 26 20 Chestnut-sided Warbler 0 2 4 4 Downy Purple Finch 0 2 2 2 #12;© 2005 University of Southern Mississippi Migratory Bird Research Group SPECIES

  7. 2005 Nature Publishing Group Crustal rheology of the Himalaya and Southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Alan G.

    ,8 . Magnetotelluric data can be used to image subsurface electrical resistivity, a parameter sensitive to the presence from the Tibetan­Himalayan orogen from 778 E to 928 E, which show that low resistivity, interpreted in Southern Tibet. The geology of southern Tibet clearly records the collision of India with Asia. The Indus

  8. Social Behavior and Ecology of "Southern Resident" Killer Whales (Orcinus orca) Jennifer Anne Marsh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forces and behavioral characteristics interact to shape the structure and dynamics of social systems whales frequent inshore waters between Southern Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada, and the San Juan Island, Washington, USA (Baird, Hanson, & Dill, 2005). The "southern resident" killer whale

  9. THE HISTORY OF HUMAN DISTURBANCE IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF SOUTHERN INDIANA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conditions and influenced the frequency and intensity of disturbances, such as fire. The interplay THE HISTORY OF HUMAN DISTURBANCE IN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS OF SOUTHERN INDIANA Michael A. Jenkins1 Abstract.--The forests of southern Indiana have been shaped and defined by anthropogenic disturbance

  10. Deciphering lake and maar geometries from seismic refraction and re ection surveys in Laguna Potrok Aike (southern Patagonia, Argentina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Aike (southern Patagonia, Argentina) A.C. Gebhardt a, , M. De Batist b , F. Niessen a , F.S. Anselmetti Laguna Potrok Aike is a bowl-shaped maar lake in southern Patagonia, Argentina, with a present mean

  11. Scientific Guidance, Research, and Educational Outreach for the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) in the Southern Great Plains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamb, Peter J.

    2013-06-13

    Scientific Guidance, Research, and Educational Outreach for the ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) in the Southern Great Plains

  12. Reduced Tuition for Southern New Hampshire Residents The University of Massachusetts Lowell's Proximity Regional Rates Program offers a reduced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    Reduced Tuition for Southern New Hampshire Residents The University of Massachusetts Lowell-qualified Southern New Hampshire students seeking a world-class University education close to home. The Proximity. Proximity Regional Program Qualifying Towns To qualify for Proximity rates, Southern New Hampshire students

  13. Masting and trophic cascades: interplay between rowan trees, apple fruit moth, and their parasitoid in southern Norway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in southern Norway Akiko Satake, Ottar N. Bjørnstad and Sverre Kobro Satake, A., Bjørnstad, O. N. and Kobro, S, and their parasitoid in southern Norway. Á/ Oikos 104: 540Á/550. We analyzed berry production in rowan, Sorbus aucuparia L., in southern Norway and examined the ramifying effects of rowan masting on the dynamics

  14. U.S.Geological Survey Grant No. 01HQGR0018 EARTHQUAKE POTENTIAL OF MAJOR FAULTS OFFSHORE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    U.S.Geological Survey Grant No. 01HQGR0018 EARTHQUAKE POTENTIAL OF MAJOR FAULTS OFFSHORE SOUTHERN;U.S.Geological Survey Grant No. 01HQGR0018 EARTHQUAKE POTENTIAL OF MAJOR FAULTS OFFSHORE SOUTHERN Major active faults offshore southern California are poorly known with respect to slip-rates and seismic

  15. Coseismic Surface GPS Displacement and Ground Shaking Associated with the 2006 Pingtung Earthquake Doublet, Offshore Southern Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    Doublet, Offshore Southern Taiwan Horng-Yue Chen* , Jian-Cheng Lee, Long-Chen Kuo, Shui-Beih Yu, and Chi in southern Taiwan offshore of the Hengchun town, Pingtung county, with the two main shocks separated-trending normal faulting in the lower crust offshore of southern Taiwan, while that of the second main shock

  16. Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    Phytologia (November 2013) 95(4)288 Leaf essential oils of Juniperus in central and southern Iran Tehran 14115-154, Iran. ABSTRACT Leaf essential oils from Juniperus from southern Iran were analyzed oils from southern Iran were mainly in two groups: high cedrol (cf. J. excelsa, J. polycarpos and J

  17. Deep seawater inherent optical properties in the Southern Ionian Sea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Riccobene; A. Capone; the NEMO collaboration

    2006-03-25

    The NEMO (NEutrino Mediterranean Observatory) Collaboration has been carrying out since 1998 an evaluation programme of deep sea sites suitable for the construction of the future Mediterranean km3 Cerenkov neutrino telescope. We investigated the seawater optical and oceanographic properties of several deep sea marine areas close to the Italian Coast. Inherent optical properties (light absorption and attenuation coefficients) have been measured as a function of depth using an experimental apparatus equipped with standard oceanographic probes and the commercial transmissometer AC9 manufactured by WETLabs. This paper reports on the visible light absorption and attenuation coefficients measured in deep seawater of a marine region located in the Southern Ionian Sea, 60-100 km SE of Capo Passero (Sicily). Data show that blue light absorption coefficient is about 0.015 1/m (corresponding to an absorption length of 67 m) close to the one of optically pure water and it doe not show seasonal variation.

  18. A Southern Sky Survey with Fermi LAT and ASKAP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, Robert A.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park

    2010-04-29

    We present the prospects for a future joint gamma-ray and radio survey of southern hemisphere sources using the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the upcoming Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) radio telescope. ASKAP is a next generation radio telescope designed to perform surveys at GHz frequencies at a much higher survey speed than previous radio telescopes, and is scheduled to start engineering observations in 2011. The survey capabilities of both Fermi LAT and ASKAP are described, and the planned science surveys for ASKAP are summarized. We give some expected details of the Variable and Slow Transient (VAST) survey using ASKAP, which will search for transients on timescales from 5 seconds to years. Some observational properties of faint and transient sources seen at gamma-ray and radio wavelengths are summarized, and prospects and strategies for using ASKAP survey data for LAT source counterpart identification are summarized.

  19. Performance of the Southern California Edison Company Stirling dish

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez, C.W.; Stone, K.W.

    1993-10-01

    McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (MDAC) and United Stirling AB of Sweden (USAB) formed a joint venture in 1982 to develop and produce a Stirling dish solar generating system. In this report, the six year development and testing program continued by the Southern California Edison Company (SCE) is described. Each Stirling dish module consists of a sun tracking dish concentrator developed by the MDAC and a Stirling engine driven power conversion unit (PCU) developed by USAB. The Stirling dish system demonstrated twice the peak and daily solar-to-electric conversion efficiency of any other system then under development. This system continues to set the performance standard for solar to electric systems being developed in the early 1990`s. Test data are presented and used to estimate the performance of a commercial system.

  20. Southern state radiological emergency preparedness and response agencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-11-01

    This Report provides information on the state agencies assigned to radioactive materials transportation incidents in 16 Southern States Energy Board member states. For each, the report lists the agencies with primary authority for preparedness and response, their responsibilities and personnel within the agencies who can offer additional information on their radioactive materials transportation programs. The report also lists each state's emergency team members and its laboratory and analytical capabilities. Finally, the governor's designee for receiving advance notification of high-level radioactive materials and spent fuel shipments under 10 CFR Parts 71 and 73 of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's regulations is listed for each state. Part 71 requires prenotification for large quantity radioactive waste shipments. Part 73 addresses prenotification for spent nuclear reactor fuel shipments.

  1. Southern state radiological emergency preparedness and response agencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-11-01

    This Report provides information on the state agencies assigned to radioactive materials transportation incidents in 16 Southern States Energy Board member states. For each, the report lists the agencies with primary authority for preparedness and response, their responsibilities and personnel within the agencies who can offer additional information on their radioactive materials transportation programs. The report also lists each state`s emergency team members and its laboratory and analytical capabilities. Finally, the governor`s designee for receiving advance notification of high-level radioactive materials and spent fuel shipments under 10 CFR Parts 71 and 73 of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s regulations is listed for each state. Part 71 requires prenotification for large quantity radioactive waste shipments. Part 73 addresses prenotification for spent nuclear reactor fuel shipments.

  2. El Nino Southern Oscillation as Sporadic Oscillations between Metastable States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Tian

    2008-01-01

    The main objective of this article is to establish a new mechanism of the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), as a self-organizing and self-excitation system, with two highly coupled processes. The first is the oscillation between the two metastable warm (El Nino phase) and cold events (La Nina phase), and the second is the spatiotemporal oscillation of the sea surface temperature (SST) field. The interplay between these two processes gives rises the climate variability associated with the ENSO, leads to both the random and deterministic features of the ENSO, and defines a new natural feedback mechanism, which drives the sporadic oscillation of the ENSO. The new mechanism is rigorously derived using a dynamic transition theory developed recently by the authors, which has also been successfully applied to a wide range of problems in nonlinear sciences.

  3. Southern California Edison High Penetration Photovoltaic Project - Year 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mather, B.; Kroposki, B.; Neal, R.; Katiraei, F.; Yazdani, A.; Aguero, J. R.; Hoff, T. E.; Norris, B. L.; Parkins, A.; Seguin, R.; Schauder, C.

    2011-06-01

    This report discusses research efforts from the first year of a project analyzing the impacts of high penetration levels of photovoltaic (PV) resources interconnected onto Southern California Edison's (SCE's) distribution system. SCE will be interconnecting a total of 500 MW of commercial scale PV within their service territory by 2015. This Year 1 report describes the need for investigating high-penetration PV scenarios on the SCE distribution system; discusses the necessary PV system modeling and distribution system simulation advances; describes the available distribution circuit data for the two distribution circuits identified in the study; and discusses the additional inverter functionality that could be implemented in order to specifically mitigate some of the undesirable distribution system impacts caused by high-penetration PV installations.

  4. High Biomass Low Export Regimes in the Southern Ocean

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lam, Phoebe J.; Bishop, James K.B.

    2006-01-27

    This paper investigates ballasting and remineralization controls of carbon sedimentation in the twilight zone (100-1000 m) of the Southern Ocean. Size-fractionated (<1 {micro}m, 1-51 {micro}m, >51 {micro}m) suspended particulate matter was collected by large volume in-situ filtration from the upper 1000 m in the Subantarctic (55 S, 172 W) and Antarctic (66 S, 172 W) zones of the Southern Ocean during the Southern Ocean Iron Experiment (SOFeX) in January-February 2002. Particles were analyzed for major chemical constituents (POC, P, biogenic Si, CaCO3), and digital and SEM image analyses of particles were used to aid in the interpretation of the chemical profiles. Twilight zone waters at 66 S in the Antarctic had a steeper decrease in POC with depth than at 55 S in the Subantarctic, with lower POC concentrations in all size fractions at 66 S than at 55 S, despite up to an order of magnitude higher POC in surface waters at 66 S. The decay length scale of >51 {micro}m POC was significantly shorter in the upper twilight zone at 66 S ({delta}{sub e}=26 m) compared to 55 S ({delta}{sub e}=81 m). Particles in the carbonate-producing 55 S did not have higher excess densities than particles from the diatom-dominated 66 S, indicating that there was no direct ballast effect that accounted for deeper POC penetration at 55 S. An indirect ballast effect due to differences in particle packaging and porosities cannot be ruled out, however, as aggregate porosities were high ({approx}97%) and variable. Image analyses point to the importance of particle loss rates from zooplankton grazing and remineralization as determining factors for the difference in twilight zone POC concentrations at 55 S and 66 S, with stronger and more focused shallow remineralization at 66 S. At 66 S, an abundance of large (several mm long) fecal pellets from the surface to 150 m, and almost total removal of large aggregates by 200 m, reflected the actions of a single or few zooplankton species capable of grazing diatoms in the euphotic zone, coupled with a more diverse particle feeding zooplankton community immediately below. Surface waters with high biomass levels and high proportion of biomass in the large size fraction were associated with low particle loading at depth, with all indications implying conditions of low export. The 66 S region exhibits this 'High Biomass, Low Export' (HBLE) condition, with very high >51 {micro}m POC concentrations at the surface ({approx}2.1 {micro}M POC), but low concentrations below 200 m (<0.07 {micro}M POC). The 66 S region remained HBLE after iron fertilization. Iron addition at 55 S caused a ten fold increase in >51 {micro}m biomass concentrations in the euphotic zone, bringing surface POC concentrations to levels found at 66 S ({approx}3.8 {micro}M), and a concurrent decrease in POC concentrations below 200 m. The 55 S region, which began with moderate levels of biomass and stronger particle export, transitioned to being HBLE after iron fertilization. We propose that iron addition to already HBLE waters will not cause mass sedimentation events. The stability of an iron-induced HBLE condition is unknown. Better understanding of biological pump processes in non-HBLE Subantarctic waters is needed.

  5. Fire Regimes of the Southern Appalachian Mountains: Temporal and Spatial Variability and Implications for Vegetation Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flatley, William 1977-

    2012-08-31

    Ecologists continue to debate the role of fire in forests of the southern Appalachian Mountains. How does climate influence fire in these humid, temperate forests? Did fire regimes change during the transition from Native American settlement to Euro...

  6. Variability of primary production and air-sea CO 2 flux in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shanlin; Moore, J. Keith

    2012-01-01

    Lima (2007), Enhanced CO 2 outgassing in the Southern OceanCO 2 run, there is a CO 2 outgassing trend of 0.07 PgC/yr/sink and a natural CO 2 outgassing. The anthropogenic CO 2

  7. Discontinuous low-velocity zones in southern Tibet question the viability of the channel flow model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattin, Rodolphe

    .g. Houseman & England 1993; England & Molnar 1997). Global Positioning System measurements are key data of the plateau in southern Tibet comes from the passive and active seismological experiments, like the INDEPTH

  8. J. Field Ornithol.73(1):62-69, 2002 Sexual dimorphism in the birds from southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winker, Kevin

    J. Field Ornithol.73(1):62-69, 2002 Sexual dimorphism in the birds from southern Veracruz, Mexico examined sexual dimorphism in the Wilson's Warbler (Wilsoniapusilla), a Nearctic-Neotropic migrant function, morphometrics, sexual dimorphism, Wilsoniapusilla The Wilson's Warbler (Parulidae

  9. A Geomorphological Assessment of Armored Deposits Along the Southern Flanks of Grand Mesa, CO, USA 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunk, Timothy J.

    2011-08-08

    A series of deposits, located along the southern flanks of Grand Mesa, Colorado, and extending to the south, are problematic, and the processes related to emplacement are not understood. The overall area is dominated by two landform systems, Grand...

  10. Spatial and Temporal Shifts in Estuarine Nursery Habitats Used by Juvenile Southern Flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furey, Nathaniel

    2012-10-19

    influenced by physicochemical parameters and the presence of seagrass beds. YOY southern flounder, however, showed increased occurrence at freshwater inlets during summer and fall months, and occurrence decreased at tidal inlets during the fall. Predictions...

  11. Thrust belt architecture of the central and southern Western Foothills of Taiwan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez-Roa, Fernando Antonio

    2009-05-15

    A structural model of the central and southern Western Foothills Fold and Thrust Belt (WFFTB) was constructed from serial balanced cross sections. The cross sections are constrained by published surface and subsurface geologic data...

  12. What causes large fires in Southern France Anne GanteaumeAB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the forest fires database Prométhée that records all fires occurring in the 15 départements of Southern, large forest fires are becoming more and more frequent and are responsible for most of the overall area

  13. Enhancement of Mesoscale Eddy Stirring at Steering Levels in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, John C.

    Meridional cross sections of effective diffusivity in the Southern Ocean are presented and discussed. The effective diffusivity, K[subscript eff], characterizes the rate at which mesoscale eddies stir properties on interior ...

  14. Kinematic models of deformation in Southern California constrained by geologic and geodetic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eich, Lori A

    2006-01-01

    Using a standardized fault geometry based on the Community Block Model, we create two analytic block models of the southern California fault system. We constrain one model with only geodetic data. In the other, we assign ...

  15. Shelf-derived iron inputs drive biological productivity in the southern Drake Passage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as large as inputs from mineral dust. Sediment resuspension events [Luther and Wu, 1997; Johnson et al al., 2004] lead to higher concentrations in coastal and shelf waters. It appears that in the Southern

  16. Microfluidic Integration into Neural Implants University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Ellis

    Microfluidic Integration into Neural Implants E. Meng1 1 University of Southern California, Los technological deficiencies can be addressed by integrating microfluidics with electrodes and electrochemical sensors. Multimodality neural interfaces that combine electronics and microfluidics open new possibilities

  17. Invasive potential of cattle fever ticks in the southern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, John R.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Busch, Joseph D.; Olafson, Pia U.; Scoles, Glen A.; Davey, Ronald B.; Pound, J. Mathews; Kammlah, Diane M.; Lohmeyer, Kimberly H.; Wagner, David M.

    2014-04-17

    Background For >100 years cattle production in the southern United States has been threatened by cattle fever. It is caused by an invasive parasite-vector complex that includes the protozoan hemoparasites Babesia bovis and B. bigemina, which...

  18. Age and growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) from Matagorda Bay, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stunz, Gregory Wayne

    1995-01-01

    Estimates of age and growth of southern flounder (Paralichthys lethostigma) from Matagorda Bay, Texas were made by analyzing thin sections of otoliths (sagittae) from 892 specimens collected along the Texas coast from May 1992 to January 1995...

  19. Fish ecology of a wetland in the southern Western Ghats, India 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grubh, Archis Robert

    2002-01-01

    Fish assemblages and abiotic environmental conditions in a wetland in the Western Ghats, southern India, were investigated from August 2000 to July 2001. Rainfall showed a seasonal pattern of dry, major wet, and minor wet ...

  20. La Casita -- housing designed for Latinos : two cases from Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murillo, Brittanya Alicia

    2006-01-01

    As the nation's fastest growing minority group, Latinos are expected to be the main engine of household growth over the next decade. This demographic trend is most apparent in Southern California. While much attention has ...

  1. Solute dispersion in the coastal boundary layer of southern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of southern Lake Michigan, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 1606­1617, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20136. 1. Introduction [2) with turbid waters contributing to increased survival by limiting sunlight penetration, removal of bacteria

  2. Surface and bottom boundary layer dynamics on a shallow submarine bank : southern flank of Georges Bank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Werner, Sandra R. (Sandra Regina)

    1999-01-01

    The thesis investigates the circulation at a 76-m deep study site on the southern flank of Georges Bank, a shallow submarine bank located between the deeper Gulf of Maine and the continental slope. Emphasis is placed on ...

  3. Geological and thermochronological evolution of the lower crust of southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmitz, Mark D. (Mark David), 1972-

    2002-01-01

    Geochronological, thermochronological and isotopic studies of kimberlite-borne crustal xenoliths have been used to elucidate the architecture and thermal evolution of the continental lithosphere of southern Africa. U-Pb ...

  4. Characterization of Miocene-Pliocene carbonate platforms, southern Southwest Palawan Basin, Philippines 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sta. Ana, Ma. Corazon Victor

    2009-06-02

    Isolated carbonate platforms and buildups of the Likas Formation provide a long record of carbonate sedimentation in the southern end of the Southwest Palawan Basin. While most carbonate platforms terminated in early Miocene and middle Miocene time...

  5. Scenario Planning for Southern Company Renewable Energy Research and Innovation at the Erb Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Scenario Planning for Southern Company Renewable Energy Research and Innovation at the Erb, Michelle Quibell and Jennifer Ritchey, all Erb '12, developed renewable energy investment timelines scenarios. Their Master's project: "Renewable Energy Investment Strategies: A Scenario Planning Analysis

  6. 2006 University of Southern Mississippi Migratory Bird Research Group Johnson Bayou, Louisiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Frank R.

    © 2006 University of Southern Mississippi Migratory Bird Research Group Johnson Bayou, Louisiana 47 55 214 71 79 106 Cooper's Hawk 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 Conneticut Warbler 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 Golden-winged Warbler 1 4 1 0 2 0 4 3 1 3 2 5 2 #12;© 2006 University of Southern

  7. An investigation of dust storm generation in the Southern Great Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollard, Marshall Conrad

    1977-01-01

    of daily mean precipitation amounts and Antecedent Precipitation Index (API) profiles with number of stations reporting dust for February- May 1974 in four regions of the Southern Great Plains 43 Contoured frequency graph depicting the comparison... of monthly dust observations with time of day of occurrence, Contours are labeled in number of. observations and the data base includes 5056 dust reports from 34 Southern Great Plains stations during February-May 1966-1975 . . . . . . . . . . . 46 20...

  8. Astrophysics Motivation behind the Pierre Auger Southern Observatory Enhancements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustavo Medina-Tanco; for the Pierre Auger Collaboration

    2007-09-06

    The Pierre Auger Collaboration intends to extend the energy range of its southern observatory in Argentina for high quality data from 0.1 to 3 EeV. The extensions, described in accompanying papers, include three additional fluorescence telescopes with a more elevated field of view (HEAT) and a nested surface array with 750 and 433 m spacing respectively and additional muon detection capabilities (AMIGA). The enhancement of the detector will allow measurement of cosmic rays, using the same techniques, from below the second knee up to the highest energies observed. The evolution of the spectrum through the second knee and ankle, and corresponding predicted changes in composition, are crucial to the understanding of the end of Galactic confinement and the effects of propagation on the lower energy portion of the extragalactic flux. The latter is strongly related to the cosmological distribution of sources and to the composition of the injected spectrum. We discuss the science motivation behind these enhancements as well as the impact of combined HEAT and AMIGA information on the assessment of shower simulations and reconstruction techniques.

  9. THE SAGITTARIUS STREAMS IN THE SOUTHERN GALACTIC HEMISPHERE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koposov, Sergey E.; Belokurov, V.; Evans, N. W.; Gilmore, G.; Gieles, M.; Irwin, M. J.; Lewis, G. F.; Niederste-Ostholt, M.; Penarrubia, J. [Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Smith, M. C. [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Bizyaev, D. [Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow State University, Universitetskiy pr. 13, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Malanushenko, E.; Malanushenko, V. [Apache Point Observatory, Sunspot, NM 88349 (United States); Schneider, D. P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Wyse, R. F. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3900 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

    2012-05-01

    The structure of the Sagittarius stream in the southern Galactic hemisphere is analyzed with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 8. Parallel to the Sagittarius tidal track, but {approx}10 Degree-Sign away, there is another fainter and more metal-poor stream. We provide evidence that the two streams follow similar distance gradients but have distinct morphological properties and stellar populations. The brighter stream is broader, contains more metal-rich stars, and has a richer color-magnitude diagram with multiple turnoffs and a prominent red clump as compared to the fainter stream. Based on the structural properties and the stellar population mix, the stream configuration is similar to the Northern 'bifurcation'. In the region of the South Galactic Cap, there is overlapping tidal debris from the Cetus stream, which crosses the Sagittarius stream. Using both photometric and spectroscopic data, we show that the blue straggler population belongs mainly to Sagittarius and the blue horizontal branch stars belong mainly to the Cetus stream in this confused location in the halo.

  10. Science Synthesis to Support Socioecological Resilience in the Sierra Nevada and Southern Cascade Range Water resources and aquatic ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada and southern Cascade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a shift toward more precipitation falling as rain than snow, which reduces snowpack water storage, causes Cascade Range Water resources and aquatic ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada and southern Cascade Range contains four chapters on different types of water-based ecosystems in the synthesis area. Chapter 6

  11. Playa basin development, southern High Plains, Texas and New Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gustavson, T.C. (Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)); Holliday, V.T. (Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States))

    1992-01-01

    More than 20,000 playa basins have formed on fine-grained eolian sediments of the Quaternary Blackwater Draw and Tertiary Ogallala Formations on the High Plains of TX and NM. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed for the development of playa basins: (1) subsidence due to dissolution of underlying Permian bedded salt, (2) dissolution of soil carbonate and piping of clastic sediment into the subsurface, (3) animal activity, and (4) deflation. Evidence of eolian processes includes lee dunes and straightened shorelines on the eastern and southern margins of many playas. Lee dunes, which occur on the eastern side of ca 15% of playa basins and contain sediment deflated from adjacent playas, are cresentic to oval in plain view and typically account for 15--40% of the volume of the playa basin. Quaternary fossil biotas and buried calcic soils indicate that grasslands and semi-arid to aid climatic conditions prevailed as these basins formed. Evidence of fluviolacustrine processes in playa basins includes centripetal drainage leading to fan deltas at playa margins and preserved deltaic and lacustrine sediments. Playa basins expanded as fluvial processes eroded basin slopes and carried sediment to the basin floor where, during periods of minimal vegetation cover, loose sediment was removed by deflation. Other processes that played secondary roles in the development of certain playa basins include subsidence induced by dissolution of deeply buried Permian salt, dissolution of soil carbonate and piping, and animal activity. Two small lake basins in Gray County, TX, occur above strata affected by dissolution-induced subsidence. Dissolution of soil carbonate was observed in exposures and cores of strata underlying playa basins. Cattle, and in the past vast numbers of migrating buffalo, destroy soil crusts in dry playas, making these sediments more susceptible to deflation, and carry sediment out of flooded playas on their hooves.

  12. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13, PAGES 2485-2488, JUL 1, 2001 Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Lee, Suzan

    beneath southern Africa D. E. James,1 M. J. Fouch,1,2 J. C. VanDecar,1,3 S. van der Lee4 and Kaapvaal Seismic Group5 Abstract. P-wave and S-wave delay times from the broad- band data of the southern Africa in the mantle beneath southern Africa. High velocity mantle roots appear to extend to depths of at least 250 km

  13. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13,PAGES 2485-2488, JULY 1,2001 Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Stephen Shangxing

    beneath southern Africa D. E. James,1M. J. Fouch,1'2J. C. VanDecar, KaapvaalSeismicGroup5 S. van der Lee4 and Abstract. P-wave and S-wavedelay times from the broad- band data of the southern Africa seismicexperiment southern Africa. High velocity mantle roots appear to extend to depths of at least 250 km, and locally

  14. Population genetic structure of Anopheles arabiensis and Anopheles gambiae in a malaria endemic region of southern Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng'habi, Kija R; Knols, Bart GJ; Lee, Yoosook; Ferguson, Heather M; Lanzaro, Gregory C

    2011-01-01

    from seven locations in Tanzania: six from the Kilomberothe Kilombero valley (Tanzania), showing mosquito collectionKilombero Valley, southern Tanzania. Both species occur in

  15. Organic Constituents on the Surfaces of Aerosol Particles from Southern Finland, Amazonia, and California Studied by Vibrational

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    Organic Constituents on the Surfaces of Aerosol Particles from Southern Finland, Amazonia of Physics, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

  16. Biomass structure and environmental relationships for phytoplankton communities in the southern California Current and adjacent ocean ecosystems /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Andrew Grant

    2014-01-01

    Contrasting coastal and offshore phytoplankton communitiesmarine plankton diatoms offshore in Southern California inCurrent: the coastal-offshore boundary zone. J. Mar. Res.

  17. Utilizing a Multi-Technique, Multi-Taxa Approach to Monitoring Wildlife Passageways on the Bennington Bypass in Southern Vermont

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellis, Mark A; Jackson, Scott D.; Griffin, Curtice R; Warren, Paige S; Thompson, Alan O

    2007-01-01

    highway in southern Vermont. We are utilizing a variety offor future studies in Vermont and through- out the Unitedas Arizona, Montana and Vermont. Through cooperative efforts

  18. Atmospheric Mercury near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in Southern Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Abbott; Jeffrey J. Einerson

    2007-12-01

    Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) were measured over two-week seasonal field campaigns near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in south-central Idaho from the summer of 2005 through the fall of 2006 and over the entire summer of 2006 using automated Tekran mercury analyzers. GEM, RGM, and particulate mercury (HgP) were also measured at a secondary site 90 km to the west in southwestern Idaho during the summer of 2006. The study was performed to characterize mercury air concentrations in the southern Idaho area for the first time, estimate mercury dry deposition rates, and investigate the source of observed elevated concentrations. High seasonal variability was observed with the highest GEM (1.91 ± 0.9 ng m-3) and RGM (8.1 ± 5.6 pg m-3) concentrations occurring in the summer and lower values in the winter (1.32 ± 0.3 ng m-3, 3.2 ± 2.9 pg m-3 for GEM, RGM respectively). The summer-average HgP concentrations were generally below detection limit (0.6 ± 1 pg m-3). Seasonally-averaged deposition velocities calculated using a resistance model were 0.034 ± 0.032, 0.043 ± 0.040, 0.00084 ± 0.0017 and 0.00036 ± 0.0011 cm s-1 for GEM (spring, summer, fall, and winter, respectively) and 0.50 ± 0.39, 0.40 ± 0.31, 0.51 ± 0.43 and 0.76 ± 0.57 cm s-1 for RGM. The total annual RGM + GEM dry deposition estimate was calculated to be 11.9 ± 3.3 µg m-2, or about 2/3 of the total (wet + dry) deposition estimate for the area. Periodic elevated short-term GEM (2.2 – 12 ng m-3) and RGM (50 - 150 pg m-3) events were observed primarily during the warm seasons. Back-trajectory modeling and PSCF analysis indicated predominant source directions from the southeast (western Utah, northeastern Nevada) through the southwest (north-central Nevada) with fewer inputs from the northwest (southeastern Oregon and southwestern Idaho).

  19. Atmospheric mercury near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in southern Idaho

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Abbott; Jeffrey J. Einerson

    2008-03-01

    Gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) and reactive gaseous mercury (RGM) were measured over 2-week seasonal field campaigns near Salmon Falls Creek Reservoir in south-central Idaho from the summer of 2005 through the fall of 2006 and over the entire summer of 2006 using automated Tekran Hg analyzers. GEM, RGM, and particulate Hg (HgP) were also measured at a secondary site 90 km to the west in southwestern Idaho during the summer of 2006. The study was performed to characterize Hg air concentrations in the southern Idaho area for the first time, estimate Hg dry deposition rates, and investigate the source of observed elevated concentrations. High seasonal variability was observed with the highest GEM (1.91 ± 0.9 ng m-3) and RGM (8.1 ± 5.6 pg m-3) concentrations occurring in the summer and lower values in the winter (1.32 ± 0.3 ng m-3, 3.2 ± 2.9 pg m-3 for GEM, RGM, respectively). The summer-average HgP concentrations were generally below detection limit (0.6 ± 1 pg m-3). Seasonally averaged deposition velocities calculated using a resistance model were 0.034 ± 0.032, 0.043 ± 0.040, 0.00084 ± 0.0017 and 0.00036 ± 0.0011 cm s-1 for GEM (spring, summer, fall and winter, respectively) and 0.50 ± 0.39, 0.40 ± 0.31, 0.51 ± 0.43 and 0.76 ± 0.57 cm s-1 for RGM. The total annual RGM + GEM dry deposition estimate was calculated to be 11.9 ± 3.3 µg m-2, or about 2/3 of the total (wet + dry) deposition estimate for the area. Periodic elevated short-term GEM (2.2–12 ng m-3) and RGM (50–150 pg m-3) events were observed primarily during the warm seasons. Back-trajectory modeling and PSCF analysis indicate predominant source directions to the SE (western Utah, northeastern Nevada) and SW (north-central Nevada) with fewer inputs from the NW (southeastern Oregon and southwestern Idaho).

  20. Further Observational Evidence of Hadley Cell Widening in the Southern Hemisphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Choi, Jung; Son, Seok-Woo; Lu, Jian; Min, Seung-Ki

    2014-04-16

    Various observational and modeling studies have shown that the Hadley cell (HC) has widened during the past few decades. Here, we present further observational evidence of the widening of the HC in the Southern Hemisphere by tracking the location of the subtropical ridge. A robust and significant poleward shift of the southern edge of the HC has been observed during the austral summer over the past three decades with a shift of 0.22 degrees per decade having occurred between 1980 and 2012, primarily from the South Atlantic Ocean to Australia. In other seasons, significant changes in the southern edge of the HC have not been observed, with a discernable regional trend having only occurred in a limited region. The comparison of these results with those derived from reanalysis data and possible causes for the summer HC expansion are briefly discussed.

  1. The impact of electric vehicles on the Southern California Edison System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, A.

    1992-07-01

    This report describes the results of the first phase of an investigation of the impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) in southern California. The investigation focuses on the Southern California Edison Company (SCE) which provides electric service for approximately 60% of southern California. The project is supported by the Air Quality Impacts of Energy Efficiency'' Program of the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE). The first phase of the research is organized around how EVs might be viewed by customers, vehicle manufacturers and electric utility companies. The vehicle manufacturers' view has been studied with special emphasis on the role of marketable permit systems. The utilities' view of EVs is the subject of this report. The review is particularly important as several case studies of EVs in southern California have been conducted in recent years. The dynamics of a growing population of EVs is explained. Chapter 5 explains a simple method of deriving the electricity demands which could result from the operation of EVs in southern California. The method is demonstrated for several simple examples and then used to find the demands associated with each of the eight EV scenarios. Chapter 6 reports the impacts on SCE operations from the new demands for electricity. Impacts are summarized in terms of system operating costs, reliability of service, and changes in the utility's average electric rate. Chapter 7 turns to the emissions of air pollutants released by the operation of EVs, conventional vehicles (CVs) and power plants. Chapter 8 takes the air pollution analysis one step further by examining the possible reduction in ambient ozone concentration in southern California.

  2. The impact of electric vehicles on the Southern California Edison System. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ford, A.

    1992-07-01

    This report describes the results of the first phase of an investigation of the impacts of electric vehicles (EVs) in southern California. The investigation focuses on the Southern California Edison Company (SCE) which provides electric service for approximately 60% of southern California. The project is supported by the ``Air Quality Impacts of Energy Efficiency`` Program of the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE). The first phase of the research is organized around how EVs might be viewed by customers, vehicle manufacturers and electric utility companies. The vehicle manufacturers` view has been studied with special emphasis on the role of marketable permit systems. The utilities` view of EVs is the subject of this report. The review is particularly important as several case studies of EVs in southern California have been conducted in recent years. The dynamics of a growing population of EVs is explained. Chapter 5 explains a simple method of deriving the electricity demands which could result from the operation of EVs in southern California. The method is demonstrated for several simple examples and then used to find the demands associated with each of the eight EV scenarios. Chapter 6 reports the impacts on SCE operations from the new demands for electricity. Impacts are summarized in terms of system operating costs, reliability of service, and changes in the utility`s average electric rate. Chapter 7 turns to the emissions of air pollutants released by the operation of EVs, conventional vehicles (CVs) and power plants. Chapter 8 takes the air pollution analysis one step further by examining the possible reduction in ambient ozone concentration in southern California.

  3. The onset of 1982/83 summer monsoon over southern Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garanganga, Bradwell J.

    1989-01-01

    THE ONSET OF 1982/83 SUMMER MONSOON OVER SOUTHERN AFRICA; A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY A THESIS by BRADWELL J. GARANGANGA Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Meteorology THE ONSET OF 1982/83 SUMMER MONSOON OVER SOUTHERN AFRICA: A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY A THESIS by BRADWELL J. GARANGANGA Approved as to style and content by: Steven W. L ns (Chair of Committee...

  4. In conjunction with the Animated Painting exhibition, the San Diego Museum of Art, University of Southern California, University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, Jürgen P.

    & Digital Arts, School of Cinematic Arts, University of Southern California, Los Angeles Presentations Introduction: Kathy Smith, Chair, John C. Hench Division of Animation & Digital Arts, School of Cinematic Arts Animation & Digital Arts, School of Cinematic Arts, University of Southern California, Los Angeles one two

  5. Statistical Methods for Quantifying the Effect of the El NioSouthern Oscillation on Wind Power in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Richard

    Statistical Methods for Quantifying the Effect of the El Niño­Southern Oscillation on Wind Power­Southern Oscillation on Wind Power in the Northern Great Plains of the United States Bret R. Harper1, Richard W. Katz2 of the United States. In order to determine if ENSO has similar impacts on wind speed and wind power, we applied

  6. Quaternary rift flank uplift of the Peninsular Ranges in Baja and southern California by removal of mantle lithosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Karl

    Quaternary rift flank uplift of the Peninsular Ranges in Baja and southern California by removal uplift in southern California, USA, and northern Baja California, Mexico, is interpreted to result from Trough and Gulf of California, the history of recent rock uplift along the Pacific coastline

  7. 19 HASTINGS WEST NORTHWEST J. ENVTL. L. & POL'Y 463 (2013) COMBATING SEA-LEVEL RISE IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    2013-01-01

    infrastructure like roads, power plants, and ports. Overall, we demonstrate how Southern California local CALIFORNIA: HOW LOCAL GOVERNMENTS CAN SEIZE ADAPTATION OPPORTUNITIES WHILE MINIMIZING LEGAL RISK Megan M. Herzog* and Sean B. Hecht** As the primary coastal land use decisionmakers in Southern California, local

  8. Long-term observation of the atmospheric exchange of CO2 with a temperate deciduous forest in southern Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Xuhui

    in southern Ontario, Canada Xuhui Lee School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven M. Staebler and Harold H. Neumann Atmospheric Environment Service, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Abstract of maple and aspen at Camp Borden in southern Ontario, Canada, between July 1995 and December 1997. Main

  9. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  10. ALLUVIAL SCRUB VEGETATION IN COASTAL SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA1 Ted L. Hanes, Richard D. Friesen, and Kathy Keane2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALLUVIAL SCRUB VEGETATION IN COASTAL SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA1 Ted L. Hanes, Richard D. Friesen deposits along the coastal side of major mountains of southern California. This vegetation type is adapted coastal and desert dunes, coastal val- leys and foothills, interior mountains and desert flats. Holland

  11. The Relative Importance of Clouds and Sea Ice for the Solar Energy Budget of the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Warren, Stephen

    The Relative Importance of Clouds and Sea Ice for the Solar Energy Budget of the Southern Ocean) ABSTRACT The effects of clouds and sea ice on the solar radiation budget are determined for the Southern and for altered surface and cloud conditions. Poleward of 68°S in spring, ice causes a greater reduction of solar

  12. Cowpea and peanut in southern Africa are nodulated by diverse Bradyrhizobium strains harboring nodulation genes that belong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowpea and peanut in southern Africa are nodulated by diverse Bradyrhizobium strains harboring unguiculata) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea) in southern Africa are nodulated by a genet- ically diverse group showed that the cowpea and peanut Bradyrhizobium iso- lates represent various locally adapted groups

  13. Evaluation of ECMWF cloud type simulations at the ARM Southern Great Plains site using a new cloud type climatology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluation of ECMWF cloud type simulations at the ARM Southern Great Plains site using a new cloud; accepted 13 December 2006; published 3 February 2007. [1] A new method to derive a cloud type climatology is applied to cloud observations over the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM

  14. Cloud climatology at the Southern Great Plains and the layer structure, drizzle, and atmospheric modes of continental stratus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cloud climatology at the Southern Great Plains and the layer structure, drizzle, and atmospheric.5 years) cloud observations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) program Southern Great Plains (SGP) climate research facility in Oklahoma are used to develop detailed cloud climatology. Clouds

  15. Review and Recommendations of Existing Methods and Tools for Building Energy Analysis: Subtask 2.4 for the Southern Energy Efficiency Center 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hyojin; Verdict, Malcolm; Haberl, Jeff S.

    2009-01-01

    The Southern Energy Efficiency Center (SEEC) was established to substantially increase the deployment of high-performance “beyond-code” buildings across the southern region of the U.S. It is funded by the U.S. Department ...

  16. Faith, Politics, and the Misguided Mission of the Southern Baptist Convention 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Dustin Alan

    2013-04-01

    in the Southern United States. Citing these perceived problems, they recommended a denominational name change of sorts. Voting on the proposed name change?a descriptor ?Great Commission Baptists??was placed on the agenda for the 2012 Convention. If passed...

  17. GETTING STARTED IN THE GREENHOUSE SCHOOL Southern Piedmont Ag Research and Extension Center,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    GETTING STARTED IN THE GREENHOUSE SCHOOL Southern Piedmont Ag Research and Extension Center Planning for a Greenhouse Operation Joyce Latimer, VCE 9:30-11:00 Greenhouse Vegetable Production Allen Straw, SW VA AREC, VCE BREAK 11:15-12:30 Greenhouse Structures and Operations (Heating, Cooling

  18. Ar Chronology of Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene Geomagnetic and Glacial Events in Southern Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Bradley S.

    in Southern Argentina Brad S. Singer1 , Laurie L. Brown2 , Jorge O. Rabassa3 , Hervé Guillou4 Cuaternario, CADIC-CONICET,Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina 4 Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l sequence atop Cerro del Fraile, Argentina, contributed to the nascent Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale (GPTS

  19. Behavior and movement of southern right whales: effects of boats and swimmers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lundquist, David Jeffrey

    2007-09-17

    . From September to November of 2005 and July to October of 2006, I collected movement and behavioral state data for southern right whales in proximity of swimmers at Pen�­nsula Vald�©s, Argentina. Whales were observed before, during, and after a...

  20. BIMODAL DIKES IN THE CORE OF THE PENINSULAR RANGES BATHOLITH: THE SOUTHERN CONTINUATION OF THE SAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetmore, Paul H.

    BIMODAL DIKES IN THE CORE OF THE PENINSULAR RANGES BATHOLITH: THE SOUTHERN CONTINUATION OF THE SAN, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 87521 The San Marcos Dike Swarm (SMDS) is over 100 km long, consists eastern San Diego County to the northern Sierra San Pedro Mártir (SSPM), in northern Baja California

  1. Fire disturbance and forest structure in an old-growth Pinus ponderosa forest, southern Cascades, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Alan

    Fire disturbance and forest structure in an old-growth Pinus ponderosa forest, southern Cascades, USA Alan H. Taylor Abstract Questions: Did fire regimes in old-growth Pinus ponderosa forest change a pattern of continuous regeneration or is regeneration episodic and related to fire disturbance or fire

  2. Fire in the sky: The southern lights in Indigenous oral traditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamacher, Duane W

    2015-01-01

    Parts of Australia have been privileged to see dazzling lights in the night sky as the Aurora Australis (known as the southern lights) puts on a show this year. Aurorae are significant in Australian Indigenous astronomical traditions. Aboriginal people associate aurorae with fire, death, blood, and omens, sharing many similarities with Native American communities.

  3. Elevated Trace Element Concentrations in Southern Toads, Bufo terrestris, Exposed to Coal Combustion Waste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    Elevated Trace Element Concentrations in Southern Toads, Bufo terrestris, Exposed to Coal, and behavioral abnormalities in amphibians to coal combustion wastes (coal ash). Few studies, however, have determined trace element concentrations in amphibians exposed to coal ash. In the current study we compare

  4. SOIL TEST CALIBRATION WORK IN SOUTHERN USA Leticia S. Sonon and Hailin Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOIL TEST CALIBRATION WORK IN SOUTHERN USA Leticia S. Sonon and Hailin Zhang Introduction Sound soil test calibration is essential for successful fertilization program and crop production. It is essential that the results of soil tests be calibrated against crop responses from applications of the plant

  5. Biogeochemical variability in the southern Ross Sea as observed by a glider deployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrizio, Mary C.

    Biogeochemical variability in the southern Ross Sea as observed by a glider deployment Daniel E­2011 austral summer identified variations in phytoplankton biomass along two glider sections near 761400 S. Sea In situ observations and satellite-derived data from the Ross Sea have revealed high phytoplankton biomass

  6. Anomalous Tectonic Subsidence of the Southern Australian Passive Margin: Response to Cretaceous Dynamic Topography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Dietmar

    Anomalous Tectonic Subsidence of the Southern Australian Passive Margin: Response to Cretaceous that formed over and orthogonal to a Mesozoic subducted slab in the mantle. The tectonic subsidence pattern, enhancing initial subsidence. Subsequent lithospheric rebound coincides with post-rift thermal subsidence

  7. Strategic, Tactical and RealTime Planning of Locomotives at Norfolk Southern Using Approximate Dynamic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    Strategic, Tactical and RealTime Planning of Locomotives at Norfolk Southern Using operations. This strategy can be used for strategic and tactical planning, and can also be adapted with a strategic planning system. #12; Page 1 1 Locomotive planning is one of the most complex

  8. Closure of the global overturning circulation through the Indian, Pacific and Southern Oceans: schematics and transports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    internal diapycnal transformation in the deep Indian and Pacific Oceans. All three northern-source Deep and Pacific Oceans; only 0.1 PW is gained at the surface in the Southern Ocean. Thus, while an adiabatic model full participation of the diffusive Indian and Pacific Oceans, with a basin-averaged diffusivity

  9. The fish community of a newly restored southern California estuary: ecological perspective 3 years after restoration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorin, Eric J.

    The fish community of a newly restored southern California estuary: ecological perspective 3 years 2013 Abstract Bays and estuaries are considered essential fish habitat, yet in many parts of the world in the fish assemblages 3 years after the restoration of the Bolsa Chica Full Tidal Basin (BCFTB

  10. Ulysses Radio and Plasma Wave Observations at High Southern Heliographic Latitudes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Ulysses Radio and Plasma Wave Observations at High Southern Heliographic Latitudes R. G. Stone, R-Frey, R. Manning, M. J. Reiner, J. L. Steinberg, G. Thejappa Ulysses spacecraft radio and plasma wave wind. Radio and plasma wave observations, such as those made by the Unified Radio and Plasma Wave

  11. CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE IN SOUTHERN IDENTIFYING THE LONG TERM LIABILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA IDENTIFYING THE LONG TERM LIABILITIES A THESIS of emissions is a promising strategy for reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Before this technology can indicate that overall, the Cuyama Basin is better suited to use as a storage site than others in this study

  12. The Smart Energy Summit took place at the University of Southern California in January

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    ..................................................................................................52-61 Nuclear Energy: Where do we go from here? Keith Bradley and political community. However, the ability to provide safe, clean, sources of energy seems to be fragileThe Smart Energy Summit took place at the University of Southern California in January 2012. Some

  13. An event-driven phytoplankton bloom in southern Lake Michigan observed by satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bloom in southern Lake Michigan that accounted for approximately 25% of the lake's annual gross offshore temperature and wind velocity we show that the bloom was triggered by a brief wind event that was sufficient effects on primary production in the oceans [Franks and Walstad, 1997; Anderson and Prieur, 2000; Levy et

  14. Optical dating of St. Lawrence Iroquoian ceramics from the Mailhot-Curran site, southern Quebec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optical dating of St. Lawrence Iroquoian ceramics from the Mailhot-Curran site, southern Quebec L) was applied on pottery sherds from the Mailhot-Curran archaeological site (BgFn-2), a Late Woodland period previous dating methods used for Mailhot-Curran (radiocarbon and seriation of the archaeological remains

  15. Carbon isotope chemostratigraphy of the Middle Riphean type section (Avzyan Formation, Southern Urals, Russia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kah, Linda

    Urals, Russia): Signal recovery in a fold-and-thrust belt Julie K. Bartley a,, Linda C. Kah b , Julie L The Avzyan Formation of the southern Ural Mountains, Russia, forms part of the Middle Riphean (1300­1000 Ma Mesoproterozoic age. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Mesoproterozoic; Russia; Urals; Carbonate

  16. Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 19952005*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Gregory C.

    Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995 the eastern Scotia Sea occupied in 1995, 1999, and 2005 reveals significant variability in the deep and bottom 1995 and 1999 reversed through to 2005, reflecting changes seen earlier upstream in the Weddell Sea

  17. Influence of present day and glacial surface conditions on the Antarctic Oscillation/Southern Annular Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltier, W. Richard

    /Southern Annular Mode Fla´vio Justino1,2 and W. Richard Peltier1 Received 23 May 2006; revised 5 October 2006., and W. R. Peltier (2006), Influence of present day and glacial surface conditions on the Antarctic around the Antarctic Peninsula [e.g., Peltier and Solheim, 2004], it might be expected that significantly

  18. Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 19952005*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naveira Garabato, Alberto

    Evolution of the Deep and Bottom Waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995. The volume of deep waters with potential temperature less than 0°C decreased during 1995­2005, though. These changes are best explained by interannual variations in the deep waters exiting the Weddell Sea

  19. Deep-Sea Research I 49 (2002) 681705 Modification and pathways of Southern Ocean Deep Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naveira Garabato, Alberto

    2002-01-01

    Deep-Sea Research I 49 (2002) 681­705 Modification and pathways of Southern Ocean Deep Waters of the deep water masses flowing through the region, and to quantify changes in their properties as they cross and pathways of deep water masses in the Scotia Sea had remained poorly documented despite their global

  20. INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION, TOPOGRAPHY, AND ROADS ON COUGAR MOVEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    264 INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION, TOPOGRAPHY, AND ROADS ON COUGAR MOVEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BRETT of corridors, and that corridors should lie along routes with relatively gentle topography. Our results suggest, topography, and roads can help parameterize an individually-based movement model for cougars in human

  1. Response of waterbird colonies in southern Louisiana to recent drought and hurricanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Clay - Department of Biology, Texas State University

    Response of waterbird colonies in southern Louisiana to recent drought and hurricanes P. L. Leberg1 colonial waterbirds; Hurricane Katrina; Hurricane Rita; climate change. Correspondence Paul L. Leberg-1795.2007.00141.x Abstract Although hurricanes have been implicated in causing shifts in waterbird use of individual

  2. Comparison between active sensor and radiosonde cloud boundaries over the ARM Southern Great Plains site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to test the strengths and limitations of cloud boundary retrievals from radiosonde profiles, 4 yearsComparison between active sensor and radiosonde cloud boundaries over the ARM Southern Great Plains radiosonde-based methods applied to 200 m resolution profiles obtained at the same site. The lidar

  3. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CSCI 653 (High Performance Computing and Simulations) : Fall 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southern California, University of

    UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CSCI 653 (High Performance Computing and Simulations) : Fall 2013 Performance Computing and Simulations). My PhD work is in the area of resiliency for future Exascale High. 2 DESCRIPTION OF AN HPCS APPLICATION Simulation of Large Scale High Performance Computing System

  4. Air Pollution Impacts in the Mixed Conifer Forests of Southern California1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Air Pollution Impacts in the Mixed Conifer Forests of Southern California1 Patrick J. Temple, Andrzej Bytnerowicz, Mark E. Fenn, and Mark A. Poth2 Abstract Air pollution, principally in the form.) and Jeffrey (P. jeffreyi Grev. and Balf.) pines on the western side of the pollution deposition gradient

  5. University of Southern California Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    , University of Southern California "Towards Oil Independence through Renewable Methanol Chemistry" 9 Szantay, Technical University of Budapest "Methylene Insertion into the Aromatic Ring in Place:30-11:50 Tomohiko Ohwada, The University of Tokyo "Acid-Catalyzed Cyclization Reactions to Functionalize Aromatic

  6. Sensitivity analysis of sediment resuspension parameters in coastal area of southern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sensitivity analysis of sediment resuspension parameters in coastal area of southern Lake Michigan with the type of mixed sediments (fine-grained+sand) common in the coastal area was developed and utilized to compare with measured suspended sediment concentrations. The results show that the most sensitive

  7. VARIABILITY OF NEARSURFACE ZOOPLANKTON OFF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AS SHOWN BY TOWED-PUMP SAMPLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VARIABILITY OF NEAR·SURFACE ZOOPLANKTON OFF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA, AS SHOWN BY TOWED-PUMP SAMPLING Cl of 1962. Samples were collected with a towed pump at a depth of 5 m. Allproximately 162 samples, each repl pump surveys re- llorted here were undertaken to obtain informa- tion on variability and trends

  8. Reconstruction of mass balance of glaciers in southern Norway back to 1948

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Reconstruction of mass balance of glaciers in southern Norway back to 1948 L.A. RASMUSSEN,1 L), PO Box 5091, Majorstua, NO-0301 Oslo, Norway 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, PO Box 1047 Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway ABSTRACT. A model using upper-air meteorological variables

  9. Th deficit and excess in the Southern Ocean during spring 2001: Particle export and remineralization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buesseler, Ken

    234 Th deficit and excess in the Southern Ocean during spring 2001: Particle export Th fluxes at 100 m indicate that particle export was low in the North (46.9­51.0°S), minimal Zones were not zones of intense export in the Australian sector at this time of year, in contrast

  10. Genetic variation within and between southern Ontario populations of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiang, Tom

    Genetic variation within and between southern Ontario populations of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa T. Hsiang* and G. S. Mahuku Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario among 181 isolates of Sclerotinia homoeocarpa from Ontario and 10 isolates from Japan. RAPD and IGS

  11. Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario: City of Toronto Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Digital Terrain Model of Southern Ontario: City of Toronto Data Creator / Copyright Owner Ontario is a topographic model of the earth's surface. The data files outline features such as: bridge: N/A Keywords (Place): Toronto, Ontario Keywords (Subject): Contours, Digital Terrain Models

  12. The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy by providing a new innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    The Southern Ontario Smart Computing Consortium helps strengthen Canada's digital economy. Overview · Partnership between IBM Canada, the Governments of Canada and Ontario, and a consortium of sevenMaster University, University of Ottawa, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Queen's University

  13. North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Brazil Current rings and transport of southern waters in a high resolution numerical of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and North Brazil Current rings. The model mean and seasonal circulation feature near the western boundary is the North Brazil Current (NBC), which has sources

  14. INVASION NOTE Crassostrea gigas in natural oyster banks in southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solé-Cava, Antonio M.

    INVASION NOTE Crassostrea gigas in natural oyster banks in southern Brazil Cla´udio M. R. Melo Æ.V. 2009 Abstract We report on the invasion of Brazil by the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas, and discuss was found amongst the native species in oyster banks up to 100 km south of oyster farms in South Brazil

  15. Submarine groundwater discharge of nutrients to the ocean along a coastal lagoon barrier, Southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jahnke, Richard A.

    Brazil L. Felipe H. Niencheski a , Herbert L. Windom b,, Willard S. Moore c , Richard A. Jahnke b a Department of Chemistry, Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Brazil b Skidaway Institute the southern coast of Brazil is linked to the coastal ocean by a narrow mouth and by groundwater transport

  16. CyberShake: A Physics-Based Seismic Hazard Model for Southern California ROBERT GRAVES,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deelman, Ewa

    the earthquake rupture process. Key words: Physics-based earthquake simulation, seismic hazard, ruptureCyberShake: A Physics-Based Seismic Hazard Model for Southern California ROBERT GRAVES,1 THOMAS H within seismic hazard calculations through the use of physics-based 3D ground motion simulations

  17. Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorn, Ron

    Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada for a Crater Flat cation-leaching curve. This curve differs somewhat from a previous Yucca Mountain curve­10 from a previous ``surficial deposits'' stratigraphy used in the Yucca Mountain area. Although

  18. Spatial migration of earthquakes within seismic clusters in Southern California: Evidence for fluid diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abercrombie, Rachel E.

    Spatial migration of earthquakes within seismic clusters in Southern California: Evidence for fluid to migrate slowly with time, which may reflect event triggering due to slow fault slip or fluid flow. We event migration within 69 previously observed seismicity bursts. We obtain best-fitting migration

  19. Eddy Heat Flux in the Southern Ocean: Response to Variable Wind Forcing ANDREW MCC. HOGG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    kinetic energy, and eddy heat transport to changes in winds is quantified. On interannual time scales- ern Ocean, wind appears to be the most likely energy source for the anomalously large EKE. MeredithEddy Heat Flux in the Southern Ocean: Response to Variable Wind Forcing ANDREW MCC. HOGG Australian

  20. Forcing of Ocean and Sea Ice Variability by the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    hemisphere ocean. 1 #12;1 The atmospheric jet stream and southern hemisphere geography If the earth's surface in solar forcing would also be zonally-symmetric. This would generate, in turn, a mid-latitude jet stream the well-known wavenumber 2 stationary wave pattern in the climatological mean state of the NH jet stream

  1. Forcing of Ocean and Sea Ice Variability by the Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    hemisphere ocean. 1 #12; 1 The atmospheric jet stream and southern hemisphere geography If the earth in solar forcing would also be zonally­symmetric. This would generate, in turn, a mid­latitude jet stream the well­known wavenumber 2 stationary wave pattern in the climatological mean state of the NH jet stream

  2. Late Holocene Evolution of the Mekong Subaqueous Delta, Southern Vietnam , J. Paul Liu a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Paul

    Late Holocene Evolution of the Mekong Subaqueous Delta, Southern Vietnam Zuo Xue a, , J. Paul Liu a Geography, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e

  3. Future climate change in the Southern Hemisphere: Competing effects of ozone and greenhouse gases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arblaster, Julie

    Future climate change in the Southern Hemisphere: Competing effects of ozone and greenhouse gases J 2010; accepted 19 October 2010; published 19 January 2011. [1] Future anthropogenic climate change simulations. Citation: Arblaster, J. M., G. A. Meehl, and D. J. Karoly (2011), Future climate change

  4. Ozone hole and Southern Hemisphere climate change Seok-Woo Son,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Son, Seok-Woo

    Ozone hole and Southern Hemisphere climate change Seok-Woo Son,1 Neil F. Tandon,2 Lorenzo M cooling resulting from ozone depletion has only recently been examined and a comprehensive picture on the stratospheric ozone forcing used, we here show that stratospheric ozone affects the entire atmospheric

  5. Interpreting wind-driven Southern Ocean variability in a stochastic framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griesel, Alexa

    approximately linearly with increasing wind stress values. A multiplicative stochastic process generates a powerInterpreting wind-driven Southern Ocean variability in a stochastic framework by Philip Sura1,2 and Sarah T. Gille1 ABSTRACT A stochastic model is derived from wind stress and bottom pressure gauge data

  6. Energetics of wind-driven barotropic variability in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griesel, Alexa

    Energetics of wind-driven barotropic variability in the Southern Ocean by Wilbert Weijer1-frequency wind forcing. A constant-density, multi-layer model is forced with a band of stochastically varying wind stress. The focus is on the interplay between the surface layer and the interior circulation

  7. Relocation of the 2006 Pingtung Earthquake sequence and seismotectonics in Southern Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Relocation of the 2006 Pingtung Earthquake sequence and seismotectonics in Southern Taiwan Yih a Department of Geosciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan b Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei 115, Taiwan c Central Weather Bureau, Taipei 100, Taiwan d Institute

  8. Lateral resistance of ring-shank nail connections in Southern Pine lumber 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theilen, Ross Dean

    1996-01-01

    groups tested in Southern Pine lumber. Nail specimens included three suppliers, two shank types (smooth and ringshank), two diameters (3.76 and 4.50 mm), and two coatings (galvanized and ungalvanized). Ring-shank nails averaged 85% higher nail bending...

  9. LONG-TERM VARIATIONS IN THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION, EL NINO, AND CHILEAN SUBTROPICAL RAINFALL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LONG-TERM VARIATIONS IN THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION, EL NINO, AND CHILEAN SUBTROPICAL RAINFALL WILLIAM et a1. (1978) we compiled evidence on El Nino developments, their intensities, and their fre- quency of occurrence. However, at that time we did not consider the possibility oflong-term variations in El Nino

  10. HISTORICAL TRENDS AND STATISTICS OF THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION, EL NINO, AND INDONESIAN DROUGHTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HISTORICAL TRENDS AND STATISTICS OF THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION, EL NINO, AND INDONESIAN DROUGHTS ofpast El Nino type events and their intensities. The resulting long time history substantiates our in the management of the Peruvian anchoveta fishery and for providing long-range outlooks on El Nino type activity

  11. Eocene circulation of the Southern Ocean: Was Antarctica kept warm by subtropical waters?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Döös, Kristofer

    climate model simulations. We find that the EAC did not penetrate to high latitudes and ocean heatEocene circulation of the Southern Ocean: Was Antarctica kept warm by subtropical waters? Matthew suddenly grew and ocean productivity patterns changed. Previous studies conjectured that poleward

  12. A Biochemical Ocean State Estimate in the Southern1 Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haine, Thomas W. N.

    of the oceanic31 carbon pool. It influences light penetration with consequences for primary productivity1 A Biochemical Ocean State Estimate in the Southern1 Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment2 S. Dwivedi1 , T. W. N. Haine2 and C. E. Del Castillo3 3 1 Department of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, University

  13. Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea Claire Neil a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polton, Jeff

    Remote sensing of seasonal stratification dynamics in the southern Irish Sea Claire Neil a , Alex Sea mixing Tidal front Optical remote sensing In early summer, a well-defined front forms resolution achievable by remote sensing in a single year was limited by the high incidence of cloud cover

  14. SCE perspective Syed Ahmed is a Consulting Engineer for Advanced Technology at Southern California Edison.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Anthony F. J.

    California Edison Power System Research ­ Utility Perspective · Introduction ­ San Diego Blackout · Key for USC's Power Systems Research #12;3 © Copyright 2011, Southern California Edison San Diego Blackout ­ Sept. 8, 2011 · Massive blackout rolled through San Diego, Orange County, and Mexico ­ Complete

  15. Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. in surface waters of southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Brent

    Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. in surface waters of southern Alberta and Salmonella spp. in surface water within the basin. This study is the first of its kind to identify E. coli O and Salmonella spp. in water samples was 0.9% (n = 1483) and 6.2% (n = 1429), respectively. While data examined

  16. Mechanisms of active folding of the landscape (southern Tian Shan, China)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hubert-Ferrari, Aurélia

    ; accepted 28 November 2006; published 29 March 2007. [1] We explore the kinematic mechanisms of active largeMechanisms of active folding of the landscape (southern Tian Shan, China) Aure´lia Hubert-Ferrari,1-scale folding, based on analysis of two adjacent major anticlines in Tian Shan (central Asia) that share

  17. Low frequency variability of Southern Ocean jets Andrew F. Thompson1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Andrew

    Low frequency variability of Southern Ocean jets Andrew F. Thompson1,2 and Kelvin J. Richards3 is concentrated in a large number (approximately 8 to 12) of narrow filamentary jets. It is shown here that coherent jets exhibit a range of low frequency variability, on timescales of months to years, that can lead

  18. HEPATIC MINERALS OF WHITE-TAILED AND MULE DEER IN THE SOUTHERN BLACK HILLS, SOUTH DAKOTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HEPATIC MINERALS OF WHITE-TAILED AND MULE DEER IN THE SOUTHERN BLACK HILLS, SOUTH DAKOTA Teresa J status, and species. Key words: Black Hills, elements, fire, liver, mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus and laboratory animals (Robbins, 1983). Liver concentrations of some trace elements have been measured in elk

  19. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide transport in the Southern Ocean driven by Ekman flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    LETTERS Anthropogenic carbon dioxide transport in the Southern Ocean driven by Ekman flow T. Ito1 between oceanic carbon uptake and climate variability through the temporal variability of Ekman transport carbon fluxes are locally dominated by the imprint of mesoscale eddies, the Ekman transport

  20. Harmful algae and their potential impacts on desalination operations off southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caron, David

    Harmful algae and their potential impacts on desalination operations off southern California David Available online 30 June 2009 Keywords: Harmful algal blooms Desalination Red tides Phytoplankton Phytotoxins a b s t r a c t Seawater desalination by reverse osmosis (RO) is a reliable method for augmenting

  1. Spatio-temporal availability of soft mast in clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Mike

    Spatio-temporal availability of soft mast in clearcuts in the Southern Appalachians Melissa J availability of soft mast though time is not fully understood. We tested a theoretical model of temporal availability of soft mast in clearcuts using empirical data on percent cover and berry production

  2. Interactive effects of disturbance and nitrogen availability on phosphorus dynamics of southern Appalachian forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraterrigo, Jennifer

    Interactive effects of disturbance and nitrogen availability on phosphorus dynamics of southern Abstract Understanding the main and interactive effects of chronically altered resource availability and disturbance on phosphorus (P) availability is increas- ingly important in light of the rapid pace at which

  3. Sapling growth in response to light and nitrogen availability in a southern New England forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sapling growth in response to light and nitrogen availability in a southern New England forest, the availability of light and nitrogen (N) limits the rate of woody plant growth in the forest understory and N to the availability of these resources could affect the species composition of forest communities. While many studies

  4. Evolution of the Namaqua-Natal Belt, southern Africa A geochronological and isotope geochemical review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, William P.

    Evolution of the Namaqua-Natal Belt, southern Africa ­ A geochronological and isotope geochemical Available online 10 July 2006 Abstract Juvenile crust formation within the Namaqua-Natal Belt occurred of the Mesoproterozoic evolution of the Namaqua-Natal Belt. Graben formation with associated extrusion of lavas

  5. Sodety ofPetroleumEfl@lom I Perhxmance Evaluation of Waterflood Project in Southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohaghegh, Shahab

    . q Sodety ofPetroleumEfl@lom I SFE 26937 Perhxmance Evaluation of Waterflood Project in Southern in the 1920's and continued until early 1970's. Around the mid 70's, new wet:: were drilled and a waterflood project was started which is still in progress. During the course of the waterflood project, some problems

  6. INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HYDROGEN FUEL CELL VEHICLES: A SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CASE STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -van employ compressed hydrogen gas storage. Although the energy density of compressedhydrogen gasis lower,less costly and more energy efficient, refueling canbe accomplished rapidly, and hydrogen canbe produced from~--- - ~ .. INFRASTRUCTURE FOR HYDROGEN FUEL CELL VEHICLES: A SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA CASE STUDY Joan

  7. Effects of El Nin~o Southern Oscillation and Pacific Interdecadal Oscillation on Water Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramírez, Jorge A.

    .e., snow or rain . The latter may play a vital role in determining the available water for a given yearEffects of El Nin~o Southern Oscillation and Pacific Interdecadal Oscillation on Water Supply ENSO to assess impacts on seasonal water supply in the Columbia River Basin and to test for statistical

  8. Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America --Sedimentological evidences from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Mid-Holocene strengthening of the Southern Westerlies in South America -- Sedimentological layers, a composite sedimentological record of almost 25 m was established covering the last ~16,000 cal yr. Sedimentological and petrophysical analysis of the cores revealed the establishment of a dominant

  9. Morphological and sedimentological responses of streams to human impact in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    Morphological and sedimentological responses of streams to human impact in the southern Blue Ridge Morphological and sedimentological responses of streams to basin-scale impact have been well documented forest cover as the primary driver of any detected differences in morphology and sedimentology. A suite

  10. Southern North Sea stormsurge event of 5 December 2013:Water levels, waves and coastal impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer, Thomas; Brooks, Susan M.; Evans, Ben R.; Tempest, James A.; Möller, Iris

    2015-04-15

    southern North Sea coast, between the Chalk cliffs of Flamborough Head in the north and the Thames estuary in the south, is a response to both the underlying geological structure and stratigraphy along a shelf sea margin and the postglacial to pres- ent...

  11. Late Quaternary changes in biogenic opal uxes in the Southern Indian Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Late Quaternary changes in biogenic opal £uxes in the Southern Indian Ocean L. Dezileau a;Ã , J Ocean have been reconstructed from radioisotope and proxy element profiles (biogenic opal and organic Circumpolar Current. Dissolution- corrected opal rain rates were used to reconstruct past changes of opal

  12. Peatland fragments of southern Quebec: recent evolution of their vegetation structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of horticultural compost and are isolated within agricultural lands. Government environmental agencies have and animals. Do these fragments constitute reliable refuges? Do they maintain their eco- logical as a solution to long-term conservation needs in southern Quebec, at least not for plant and animal species

  13. Minutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team October 6, 2005, Raleigh, NC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and large animal composting. Sanjay has established a schedule for articles to appear and will contactMinutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team October 6, 2005, Raleigh, NC Attendance: John Worley Facilitation project funded by CSREES called the National Animal Agriculture Learning Center. Rick Koelsch

  14. UPb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and Ttd history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandiford, Mike

    U­Pb SHRIMP zircon geochronology and T­t­d history of the Kampa Dome, southern Tibet M.C. Quigley a, petrographic and geochronologic studies of the Kampa Dome provide insights into the tectonothermal evolution­S contraction, E­W extension and doming (D4). Structural and geochronologic variability amongst adjacent North

  15. The latest Paleocene crisis in the deep sea: Ostracode succession at Maud Rise, Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    The latest Paleocene crisis in the deep sea: Ostracode succession at Maud Rise, Southern Ocean P of intermediate water mass from high altitudes to the subtropics. These data also suggest that warm saline waters values of benthic and planktonic fo- raminifera at high latitudes and benthic fo- raminifera worldwide

  16. Model Wind over the Central and Southern California Coastal Ocean HSIAO-MING HSU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model Wind over the Central and Southern California Coastal Ocean HSIAO-MING HSU National Center of high-resolution wind in coastal ocean modeling. This paper tests the Coupled Ocean­Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS) at the 9-, 27-, and 81-km grid resolutions in simulating wind off the central

  17. A COMPARISON OF RADIATION USE EFFICIENCY BETWEEN TWO SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN FORESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    ), intercepted photosynthetically active solar radiation (IPAR), and radiation use efficiency ( =PP/IPAR) betweenA COMPARISON OF RADIATION USE EFFICIENCY BETWEEN TWO SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN FORESTS by LUKE A. PANGLE influence the photosynthetic radiation use efficiency (PhRUE) of forest canopies. The mixed deciduous forest

  18. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 0, NO. 0, PAGES 0-0, M 0, 2001 Transient fault slip in Guerrero, southern Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, Kristine

    , southern Mexico Anthony R. Lowry,1 Kristine M. Larson,2 Vladimir Kostoglodov,3 and Roger Bilham4 Abstract. The Guerrero region of southern Mexico has ac- cumulated more than 5 m of relative plate motion since the last-strengthening at the location of slip. Introduction Subduction of the Cocos plate under southern Mexico has generated more than

  19. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 90, 6B, pp. S65S76, December 2000 The SCEC Southern California Reference Three-Dimensional Seismic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Robert W.

    Southern California Reference Three-Dimensional Seismic Velocity Model Version 2 by Harold Magistrale-dimensional (3D) seismic velocity model of southern California developed by the Southern California Earthquake mesh of seismic velocity and density values. This parameterization is convenient to store, transfer

  20. Post-fire recovery and successional dynamics of an old growth red spruce forest in the southern Appalachian Mountains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krustchinsky, Adam R.

    2009-05-15

    of fire in a mesic ecosystem, specifically a high-elevation red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) forest on Whitetop Mountain in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Six plots were established in a high elevation red spruce stand to characterize the stand...

  1. Testing the Subsistence Model for the Adoption of Ceramic Technology Among Coastal Sambaqui Foragers of Southern Brazil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crouch, Maria Shannon Parks

    2013-12-10

    This research tests the subsistence model for the adoption of ceramic technology among coastal fisher-hunter-gatherers of the southern Atlantic coast of Brazil (5000 to 600 BP). The subsistence model correlates the appearance ...

  2. Establishing and Implementing an IPM Program for the Redbanded Stink Bug: An Emerging Soybean Pest in the Southern Region 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vyavhare, Suhas

    2014-08-04

    Redbanded stink bug (RBSB), (Piezodorus guildinii Westwood) has recently emerged as an economic pest of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merrill in the southern US. Having only recently emerged as a pest in the US, little information ...

  3. Meeting State Carbon Emission Requirements through Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    This case study describes the Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User program that helps large industrial customers increase energy efficiency and reduce energy use and GHG emissions.

  4. Wind-driven changes in Southern Ocean residual circulation, ocean carbon reservoirs and atmospheric CO[subscript 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauderdale, Jonathan M.

    The effect of idealized wind-driven circulation changes in the Southern Ocean on atmospheric CO[subscript 2] and the ocean carbon inventory is investigated using a suite of coarse-resolution, global coupled ocean circulation ...

  5. Numerical modeling of mixed sediment resuspension, transport, and deposition during the March 1998 episodic events in southern Lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Numerical modeling of mixed sediment resuspension, transport, and deposition during the March 1998 sediment resuspension of mixed (cohesive plus noncohesive) sediment is developed and applied to quantitatively simulate the March 1998 resuspension events in southern Lake Michigan. Some characteristics

  6. Climatological lightning characteristics of the Southern Rocky and Appalachian Mountain chains, a comparison of two distinct mountain effects 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Stephen Edward

    2001-01-01

    This study presents a high-resolution lightning climatology for southern portions of both the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains. Data from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN) are analyzed to produce maps of average annual...

  7. Analytical results, statistical analyses, and sample-locality maps of rocks from the Anchorage Quadrangle, southern Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madden, D.J.; Arbogast, B.F.; O'Leary, R.M.; Van Trump, G. Jr.; Silberman, M.L.

    1989-01-01

    A U.S. Geological Survey report give the analytical results, statistical analyses, and sample-locality maps of rocks from the Anchorage Quadrangle in southern Alaska is presented.

  8. Fuzzy logic approach to supervised segmentation of forest regions infested by Southern Pine Beetle using color airborne images 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Kit-Tong

    1994-01-01

    Digital image processing technique and fuzzy logic approach are used to identify forest areas infested with Southern Pine Beetle, SPB, using normal color airborne imageries in this research. This research will be used as a front end of a larger...

  9. HiRISE observations of gas sublimation-driven activity in Mars' southern polar regions: I. Erosion of the surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrne, Shane

    complete mar- tian southern spring. In some areas of the surface, beneath the conformal coating of seasonal' Antarctic circle. The capability of the MRO spacecraft to roll off-nadir and image features at different

  10. Evaluating the role of sediment-bacteria interactions on Escherichia coli concentrations at beaches in southern Lake Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Escherichia coli concentrations at beaches in southern Lake Michigan, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 118, 7049­ 7065 contamination in the water column. Water clarity controls light penetration and, therefore, the bacterial

  11. Meeting State Carbon Emission Requirements through Industrial Energy Efficiency: The Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This case study describes the Southern California Gas Company’s Industrial End User program, which helps large industrial customers increase energy efficiency and reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions.

  12. Mending the seams of an Urban Patchwork Quilt : achieving an 'Ordered Chaos' in temple towns of Southern India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajaraman, Harini S

    2007-01-01

    Historically rich and culturally vibrant, the city of Mylapore (located in Tamil Nadu) is a prominent temple town of Southern India, in which the Kapaleeshwarar Temple is treasured. The analysis of this town, in relation ...

  13. A Robotic Wide-Angle H-Alpha Survey of the Southern Sky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Gaustad; P. R. McCullough; W. Rosing; D. Van Buren

    2001-08-31

    We have completed a robotic wide-angle imaging survey of the southern sky (declination less than +15 degrees) at 656.3 nm wavelength, the H-alpha emission line of hydrogen. Each image of the resulting Southern H-Alpha Sky Survey Atlas (SHASSA) covers an area of the sky 13 degrees square at an angular resolution of approximately 0.8 arcminute, and reaches a sensitivity level of 2 rayleigh (1.2 x 10^-17 erg cm^-2 s^-1 arcsec^-2) per pixel, corresponding to an emission measure of 4 cm^-6 pc, and to a brightness temperature for microwave free-free emission of 12 microkelvins at 30 GHz. Smoothing over several pixels allows features as faint as 0.5 rayleigh to be detected.

  14. Geologic Controls of Hydrocarbon Occurrence in the Southern Appalachian Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Southern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert D. Hatcher

    2003-05-31

    This report summarizes the first-year accomplishments of a three-year program to investigate the geologic controls of hydrocarbon occurrence in the southern Appalachian basin in eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southern West Virginia. The project: (1) employs the petroleum system approach to understand the geologic controls of hydrocarbons; (2) attempts to characterize the T-P parameters driving petroleum evolution; (3) attempts to obtain more quantitative definitions of reservoir architecture and identify new traps; (4) is working with USGS and industry partners to develop new play concepts and geophysical log standards for subsurface correlation; and (5) is geochemically characterizing the hydrocarbons (cooperatively with USGS). First-year results include: (1) meeting specific milestones (determination of thrust movement vectors, fracture analysis, and communicating results at professional meetings and through publication). All milestones were met. Movement vectors for Valley and Ridge thrusts were confirmed to be west-directed and derived from pushing by the Blue Ridge thrust sheet, and fan about the Tennessee salient. Fracture systems developed during Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic to Holocene compressional and extensional tectonic events, and are more intense near faults. Presentations of first-year results were made at the Tennessee Oil and Gas Association meeting (invited) in June, 2003, at a workshop in August 2003 on geophysical logs in Ordovician rocks, and at the Eastern Section AAPG meeting in September 2003. Papers on thrust tectonics and a major prospect discovered during the first year are in press in an AAPG Memoir and published in the July 28, 2003, issue of the Oil and Gas Journal. (2) collaboration with industry and USGS partners. Several Middle Ordovician black shale samples were sent to USGS for organic carbon analysis. Mississippian and Middle Ordovician rock samples were collected by John Repetski (USGS) and RDH for conodont alteration index determination to better define regional P-T conditions. Efforts are being made to calibrate and standardize geophysical log correlation, seismic reflection data, and Ordovician lithologic signatures to better resolve subsurface stratigraphy and structure beneath the poorly explored Plateau in Tennessee and southern Kentucky. We held a successful workshop on Ordovician rocks geophysical log correlation August 7, 2003 that was cosponsored by the Appalachian PTTC, the Kentucky and Tennessee geological surveys, the Tennessee Oil and Gas Association, and small independents. Detailed field structural and stratigraphic mapping of a transect across part of the Ordovician clastic wedge in Tennessee was begun in January 2003 to assist in 3-D reconstruction of part of the southern Appalachian basin and better assess the nature of a major potential source rock assemblage. (3) Laying the groundwork through (1) and (2) to understand reservoir architecture, the petroleum systems, ancient fluid migration, and conduct 3-D analysis of the southern Appalachian basin.

  15. James Webb Throckmorton: the life and career of a southern frontier politician, 1825-1894 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howell, Kenneth Wayne

    2005-08-29

    -1 JAMES WEBB THROCKMORTON: THE LIFE AND CAREER OF A SOUTHERN FRONTIER POLITICIAN, 1825-1894 A Dissertation by KENNETH WAYNE HOWELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2005 Major Subject: History ? 2005 KENNETH WAYNE HOWELL ALL RIGHTS RESERVED JAMES WEBB THROCKMORTON: THE LIFE AND CAREER OF A...

  16. Aqueous geochemistry of the Thermopolis hydrothermal system, southern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, U.S.A.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaszuba, John P. [Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States). Dept. of Geology and Geophysics; Sims, Kenneth W.W. [Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States). School of Energy Resources; Pluda, Allison R. [Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States). Wyoming High-Precision Isotope Lab.

    2014-03-01

    The Thermopolis hydrothermal system is located in the southern portion of the Bighorn Basin, in and around the town of Thermopolis, Wyoming. It is the largest hydrothermal system in Wyoming outside of Yellowstone National Park. The system includes hot springs, travertine deposits, and thermal wells; published models for the hydrothermal system propose the Owl Creek Mountains as the recharge zone, simple conductive heating at depth, and resurfacing of thermal waters up the Thermopolis Anticline.

  17. Food habits, habitat, distribution, numbers, and subspecies of sandhill cranes wintering in southern Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guthery, Frederick Stewart

    1972-01-01

    , assistance, and time they offered. Without drawing on the knowledge and practical experience of game management officers employed by the Texas Parks and Mildlife Department, certain objec- tives could not have been adequately accomplished. Game management... ~ Estimate of the number of sandhill cranes wintering in 62 southern Texas during December, 1970' and Januaryy 1971 ~ based on personal observatians and reports received from game management officers, Means, ranges, and s~ deviations cf weights and 67...

  18. Aqueous geochemistry of the Thermopolis hydrothermal system, southern Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, U.S.A.

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kaszuba, John P.; Sims, Kenneth W.W.; Pluda, Allison R.

    2014-06-01

    The Thermopolis hydrothermal system is located in the southern portion of the Bighorn Basin, in and around the town of Thermopolis, Wyoming. It is the largest hydrothermal system in Wyoming outside of Yellowstone National Park. The system includes hot springs, travertine deposits, and thermal wells; published models for the hydrothermal system propose the Owl Creek Mountains as the recharge zone, simple conductive heating at depth, and resurfacing of thermal waters up the Thermopolis Anticline.

  19. The Australia Telescope campaign to study southern class I methanol masers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. A. Voronkov; K. J. Brooks; A. M. Sobolev; S. P. Ellingsen; A. B. Ostrovskii; J. L. Caswell

    2007-05-02

    The Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) and the Mopra facility have been used to search for new southern class I methanol masers at 9.9, 25 (J=5) and 104 GHz, which are thought to trace more energetic conditions in the interface regions of molecular outflows, than the widespread class I masers at 44 and 95 GHz. One source shows a clear outflow association.

  20. Benthic algae as bioindicators of agricultural pollution in the streams and rivers of southern Quebec (Canada)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vincent, Warwick F.

    Benthic algae as bioindicators of agricultural pollution in the streams and rivers of southern Qu´ebec´epartement de biologie, Universit´e Laval, Qu´ebec, G1K 7P4 Canada 2Centre d' ´Etudes Nordiques, Universit´e Laval, Qu´ebec, G1K 7P4 Canada 3D´epartement de g´eographie, Universit´e Laval, Qu´ebec, G1K 7P4 Canada

  1. Southern California Edison's (SCE) Research Program for Industrial Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Emissions Control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, R. D.; Cascone, R.; Reese, J.

    1990-01-01

    EDISON'S (SCE) RESEARCH PROGRAM FOR INDUSTRIAL VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND (VOC) EMISSIONS CONTROL ROGER D. SUNG RON CASCONE JIM REESE Program Manager Senior Consultant Manager Southern California Edison Chem Systems, Inc. Applied Utility Systems... Rosemead, California Tarrytown, New York Santa Ana, California ABSTRACT SCE has developed and implemented a research program for customer retention through VOC emission control. Following characterization of problematic emission sources, SCE has...

  2. Global Climate network evolves with North Atlantic Oscillation phases: Coupling to Southern Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guez, Oded; Berezin, Yehiel; Wang, Yang; Havlin, Shlomo

    2013-01-01

    We construct a network from climate records of atmospheric temperature at surface level, at different geographical sites in the globe, using reanalysis data from years 1948-2010. We find that the network correlates with the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), both locally in the north Atlantic, and through coupling to the southern Pacific Ocean. The existence of tele-connection links between those areas and their stability over time allows us to suggest a possible physical explanation for this phenomenon.

  3. Detrital Zircon Geochronology of Middle Ordovician Siliciclastic Sediment on the Southern Laurentian Shelf 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickell, Michael

    2012-11-20

    DETRITAL ZIRCON GEOCHRONOLOGY OF MIDDLE ORDOVICIAN SILICICLASTIC SEDIMENT ON THE SOUTHERN LAURENTIAN SHELF A Thesis by MICHAEL JOHN PICKELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... Schechter and Dr. Brent Miller. Dr. Miller?s geochronology class was the foundation for my understanding what my research actually meant. I would also like to thank Dr. Renald ?Ray? Guillemette, whose assistance with the imaging of zircon grains...

  4. Quick assessment of the fault plane, for the recent event in Southern Greece (14 February 2008, Mw 6.9)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Quick assessment of the fault plane, for the recent event in Southern Greece (14 February 2008, Mw.org/index.php?page=current&sub=recent&evt=20080106_GREECE), we issue a quick assessment of the fault plane for the most recent Mw6.9 earthquake in Southern Greece (20080214 at 10:09:23 UTC). Using hypocenter (H) from manual P and Swave picks from 14

  5. Hydrogeologic characterization of the Hickory Sandstone Aquifer near Camp Air in northern Mason and southern McCulloch counties, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaney, Cynthia Daphine

    1990-01-01

    HYDROGEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE HICKORY SANDSTONE AQUIFER NEAR CAMP AIR IN NORTHERN MASON AND SOUTHERN MCCULLOCH COUNTIES, TEXAS A Thesis by CYNTHIA DAPHINE DELANEY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1990 Major Subject: Geology HYDROGEOLOGIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE HICKORY SANDSTONE AQUIFER NEAR CAMP AIR IN NORTHERN MASON AND SOUTHERN MCCULLOCH COUNTIES, TEXAS A...

  6. Probing the Local Bubble with Diffuse Interstellar Bands. I. Project overview and Southern hemisphere survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Mandy; Farhang, Amin; Javadi, Atefeh; Khosroshahi, Habib G; Sarre, Peter J; Smith, Keith T

    2015-01-01

    We have conducted a high signal-to-noise spectroscopic survey of 670 nearby early-type stars, to map Diffuse Interstellar Band (DIB) absorption in and around the Local Bubble. The project started with a Southern hemisphere survey conducted at the European Southern Observatory's New Technology Telescope and has since been extended to an all-sky survey using the Isaac Newton Telescope. In this first paper in the series, we introduce the overall project and present the results from the Southern hemisphere survey. We make available a catalogue of equivalent-width measurements of the DIBs at 5780, 5797, 5850, 6196, 6203, 6270, 6283 \\& 6614 \\AA, the interstellar Na\\,{\\sc i} D lines at 5890 \\& 5896 \\AA, and the stellar He\\,{\\sc i} line at 5876 \\AA. We find that the 5780 \\AA\\ DIB is relatively strong throughout, as compared to the 5797 \\AA\\ DIB, but especially within the Local Bubble and at the interface with more neutral medium. The 6203 \\AA\\ DIB shows a similar behaviour, but with respect to the 6196 \\AA\\ D...

  7. A revised Litostragraphic Framework for the Southern Yucca Mountain Area, Nye County, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R.W. Spengler; F.M. Byers; R.P. Dickerson

    2006-03-24

    An informal, revised lithostratigraphic framework for the southern Yucca Mountain area, Nevada has been developed to accommodate new information derived from subsurface investigations of the Nye County Early Warning Drilling Program. Lithologies penetrated by recently drilled boreholes at locations between Stagecoach Road and Highway 95 in southern Nye County include Quaternary and Pliocene alluvium and alluvial breccia, Miocene pyroclastic flow deposits and intercalated lacustrine siltstone and claystone sequences, early Miocene to Oligocene pre-volcanic sedimentary rocks, and Paleozoic strata. Of the 37 boreholes currently drilled, 21 boreholes have sufficient depth, spatial distribution, or traceable pyroclastic flow, pyroclastic fall, and reworked tuff deposits to aid in the lateral correlation of lithostrata. Medial and distal parts of regional pyroclastic flow deposits of Miocene age can be correlated with the Timber Mountain, Paintbrush, Crater Flat, and Tram Ridge Groups. Rocks intercalated between these regional pyroclastic flow deposits are substantially thicker than in the central part of Yucca Mountain, particularly near the downthrown side of major faults and along the southern extent of exposures at Yucca Mountain.

  8. Fundamental parameters of Cepheids. V. Additional photometry and radial velocity for southern Cepheids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Bersier

    2002-01-15

    I present photometric and radial velocity data for Galactic Cepheids, most of them being in the southern hemisphere. There are 1250 Geneva 7-color photometric measurements for 62 Cepheids, the average uncertainty per measurement is better than 0.01 mag. A total of 832 velocity measurements have been obtained with the CORAVEL radial velocity spectrograph for 46 Cepheids. The average accuracy of the radial velocity data is 0.38 km/s. There are 33 stars with both photometry and radial velocity data. I discuss the possible binarity or period change that these new data reveal. I also present reddenings for all Cepheids with photometry. The data are available electronically.

  9. Constraints on soluble aerosol iron flux to the Southern Ocean at the Last Glacial Maximum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway, T. M.; Wolff, E. W.; Röthlisberger, R.; Mulvaney, R.; Elderfield, H. E.

    2015-06-17

    that an increase in bioavailable atmospheric Fe supply of 5-10x could double export 207 production40, meaning the LGM EDC soluble Fe flux could be large enough to drive big changes in 208 primary productivity, nutrient utilization and carbon sequestration... of iron-limitation in the Southern Ocean during ice ages, with potentially increased carbon storage 3 in the ocean, has been invoked as one driver of glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 cycles. Ice and 4 marine sediment records demonstrate...

  10. Swampy area transformations by exploitation of Raphia hookeri (Arecaceae) in southern Benin (West Africa)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Profizi, J.

    1988-03-01

    The Raphia palms in the southern part of Benin are confined to freshwater swamps, where the natural vegetation consists of a forest rich in Dicotyledons. Human activity has transformed this forest into a raphiale where Raphia hookeri has become the main arborescent species. The influence of this transformation on the vegetation results in a more regular distribution of Raphis hookeri trunks and a gradual disappearing of clumps of ramets. By now, the future of Raphis hookeri species is almost ensured except in situations of over-exploitation.

  11. Southern California Edison`s approach to improving office energy use among its customers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duvall-Ward, J.

    1995-12-01

    Southern California Edison (SCE) has 500,000 commercial/industrial/agriculturaI customers and 3.6 million residential customers. As part of a continuing effort to develop programs which encourage customers to use energy-efficient technology, SCE began exploring ways to improve office energy use by its customers. The utility examined the type of equipment it should pursue with the customers, the potential energy savings, and the percent of influence SCE thought it could have on the customer. The program was implemented on August 2, 1994.

  12. FACT SHEET U.S. Department of Energy Southern Great Plains

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - Permeation Measurement2 0 th CM ^Southern Great

  13. SPLASH: The Southern Parkes Large-Area Survey in Hydroxyl - First Science from the Pilot Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, J R; Jones, P A; Breen, S L; Cunningham, M R; Lowe, V; Jones, C; Purcell, C; Caswell, J L; Carretti, E; McClure-Griffiths, N M; Ellingsen, S P; Green, J A; Gómez, J F; Krishnan, V; Dickey, J M; Imai, H; Gibson, S J; Hennebelle, P; Lo, N; Hayakawa, T; Fukui, Y; Mizuno, A

    2013-01-01

    SPLASH (the Southern Parkes Large-Area Survey in Hydroxyl) is a sensitive, unbiased and fully-sampled survey of the Southern Galactic Plane and Galactic Centre in all four ground-state transitions of the hydroxyl (OH) radical. The survey provides a deep census of 1612-, 1665-, 1667- and 1720-MHz OH absorption and emission from the Galactic ISM, and is also an unbiased search for maser sources in these transitions. We present here first results from the SPLASH pilot region, which covers Galactic longitudes 334 to 344 degrees and latitudes of -2 to +2 degrees. Diffuse OH is widely detected in all four transitions, with optical depths that are always small (averaged over the Parkes beam), and with departures from LTE common even in the 1665- and 1667-MHz main lines. To a 3$\\sigma$ sensitivity of 30 mK, we find no evidence of OH envelopes extending beyond the CO-bright regions of molecular cloud complexes, and conclude that the similarity of the OH excitation temperature and the level of the continuum background ...

  14. Year-round observations of carbon biomass and flux variability in the Southern Ocean

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, James K.B.; Wood, Todd

    2009-02-01

    Three Carbon Explorer (CE) floats profiling to kilometer depths in the Southern Ocean tracked dawn-dusk variations of mixing/stratification, particulate organic carbon (POC), and light scattering and sedimentation at 100, 250, and 800 m continuously from January 2002 to April 2003. Data were analyzed in conjunction with contemporaneous satellite winds and chlorophyll and derived subsurface light fields. The CE deployed at 66{sup o}S 172{sup o}W operated in the ice edge zone in absence of light. Two CEs deployed at 55{sup o}S 172{sup o}W recorded wintertime mixing to {approx}400 m, yet observed very different bloom dynamics and sedimentation the following spring. Four hypotheses are explored. The strongest is that shallow transient stratification of the deep winter mixed layer to shallower than photosynthetic critical depth occurred more frequently in the non-bloom/higher sedimentation case. The lower particle export to 800 m under the bloom was hypothesized to be due to higher interception of sinking carbon by a relatively starved over wintering zooplankton population. In the Southern Ocean surface phytoplankton biomass may counter indicate particle flux at kilometer depths.

  15. Seismicity and focal mechanisms for the southern Great Basin of Nevada and California: 1987 through 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmsen, S.C.; Bufe, C.G.

    1991-12-31

    For the calendar year 1987, the southern Great basin seismic network (SGBSN) recorded about 820 earthquakes in the southern Great Basin (SGB). Local magnitudes ranged from 0.2 to 4.2 (December 30, 1987, 22:50:42 UTC at Hot Creek Valley). Five earthquakes epicenters in 1987 within the detection threshold of the seismic network are at Yucca Mountain, the site of a potential national, high-level nuclear waste repository. The maximum magnitude of those five earthquakes is 1.1, and their estimated depths of focus ranged from 3.1 to 7.6 km below sea level. For the calendar year 1988, about 1280 SGB earthquakes were catalogued, with maximum magnitude-4.4 for an Owens Valley, California, earthquake on July 5, 1988. Eight earthquake epicenters in 1988 are at Yucca Mountain, with depths ranging from three to 12 km below sea level, and maximum magnitude 2.1. For the calendar year 1989, about 1190 SGB earthquakes were located and catalogued, with maximum magnitude equal to 3.5 for earthquake about ten miles north of Las Vegas, Nevada, on January 9. No Yucca Mountain earthquakes were recorded in 1989. An earthquake having a well-constrained depth of about 30 km below sea level was observed on August 21, 1989, in eastern Nevada Test Site (NTS).

  16. Multi-phased uplift of the southern margin of the Central Anatolian plateau, Turkey: A record of tectonic and upper mantle processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bookhagen, Bodo

    Multi-phased uplift of the southern margin of the Central Anatolian plateau, Turkey: A record: Central Anatolian plateau uplift fluvial strath terraces cosmogenic nuclides biostratigraphy channel projection Uplifted Neogene marine sediments and Quaternary fluvial terraces in the Mut Basin, southern

  17. QUIESCENT RADIO EMISSION FROM SOUTHERN LATE-TYPE M DWARFS AND A SPECTACULAR RADIO FLARE FROM THE M8 DWARF DENIS 10483956

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgasser, Adam J.

    QUIESCENT RADIO EMISSION FROM SOUTHERN LATE-TYPE M DWARFS AND A SPECTACULAR RADIO FLARE FROM THE M8 at the Australia Telescope Compact Array to search for quiescent and flaring emission from seven nearby Southern detected in quiescent emission at 4.80 GHz. The observed emission is consistent with optically thin

  18. From accompanying CD-ROM of Wright, D.J. (ed.), Undersea with GIS, Redlands, CA: ESRI Press, Animation of the Holocene Evolution of the Southern Washington and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    . Animation of the Holocene Evolution of the Southern Washington and Northern Oregon Shelf and Coast VeeAnn A evolution of Southern Washington and Northern Oregon during the past 11,000 years. The animation begins of one aspect of the geologic framework task of the Southwest Washington Coastal Erosion Study

  19. Effects of Averaging and Separating Soil Moisture and Temperature in the Presence of Snow Cover in a SVAT and Hydrological Model for a Southern Ontario,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    in a SVAT and Hydrological Model for a Southern Ontario, Canada, Watershed S. R. FASSNACHT Watershed Science, Canada E. D. SOULIS AND N. KOUWEN Civil Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada was tested for the 1993 snowmelt period on the Upper Grand River in Southern Ontario, Canada. The results

  20. ReproducedfromJournalofEnvironmentalQuality.PublishedbyASA,CSSA,andSSSA.Allcopyrightsreserved. Quantity and Quality of Runoff from a Beef Cattle Feedlot in Southern Alberta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selinger, Brent

    JournalofEnvironmentalQuality.PublishedbyASA,CSSA,andSSSA.Allcopyrightsreserved. Quantity and Quality of Runoff from a Beef Cattle Feedlot in Southern Alberta Jim J. Miller,* Brian P concentration of feedlot cattle in Canada. There were approximately 700 000Southern Alberta, which has a cold climate dominated by strong head of beef cattle in the County of Lethbridge in 2003chinook winds, has

  1. 1Georgia Southern University Fact Book 2007--2008 I am pleased to present the 2007-08 edition of the Georgia Southern University Fact Book. This publication is the definitive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    1Georgia Southern University Fact Book 2007--2008 I am pleased to present the 2007-08 edition throughout the country and the world with the launch of our online degree programs. These programs enable- tinues to expand, adding high-tech facilities to our student-centered campus and new degree programs

  2. 1Georgia Southern University Fact Book 2006--2007 I am pleased to present the 2006-07 edition of the Georgia Southern University Fact Book. This publication is the definitive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    1Georgia Southern University Fact Book 2006--2007 I am pleased to present the 2006-07 edition, but new degree programs and outreach initiatives benefiting the people and economic development of our distinction to the institution through ongoing research, scholarship and community service. This edition

  3. Electric potential patterns in the northern and southern polar regions parameterized by the interplanetary magnetic field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Papitashvili, V.O. [Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Moscow (Russian Federation)]|[Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Belov, B.A.; Faermark, D.S.; Feldstein, Ya.I.; Golyshev, S.A.; Gromova, L.I.; Levitin, A.E. [Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1994-07-01

    Electric potential patterns have been obtained from the IZMIRAN electrodynamic model (IZMEM) for the northern and southern polar regions during summer, winter, and equinox. The model is derived from a large quantity of high-latitude ground-based geomagnetic data (above {+-} 57{degrees} corrected geomagnetic latitude) at all magnetic local time hours. A linear regression analysis technique has been used to obtain the quantitative response of each magnetic observatory to changes of interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) components. Since no ionospheric conductivity model exists specifically for the southern polar region, the statistical model of Wallis and Budzinski has been applied in both hemispheres. A cross-polar `background` potential of {approximately} 35 kV, derived by Reiff et al., is used to calibrate IZMEM`s potential patterns. The model`s response to changes in the IMF B{sub y} and B{sub z} components are analyzed to obtain a set of {open_quotes}elementary{close_quotes} convection patterns in both polar regions for each season of the year. Asymmetry in the potential pattern geometry in both hemispheres can be attributed either to the influence of the {open_quotes}northern{close_quotes} ionospheric conductivity model which was applied to the southern polar region, or to some natural phenomena. Average values of the modeled potential drop caused by each nanotesla of the IMF are the following: {approximately} 14 kV for southward B{sub z}; {approximately} {minus}4 kV for northward B{sub z}; and {approximately} {+-} 4.5 kV for B{sub y} components. The latter is not applicable to the {open_quotes}dawn-dusk{close_quotes} potential drop; it may be applied across the cusp region only. It is concluded that IZMEM provides realistic convection patterns parameterized by the IMF component directions and magnitudes and may be used to provide routine estimates of convection patterns and electric potentials if IMF data are available. 43 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Direct and semidirect aerosol effects of Southern African biomass burning aerosol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sakaeda, Naoko; Wood, Robert; Rasch, Philip J.

    2011-06-21

    The direct and semi-direct radiative effects of biomass burning aerosols from Southern African fires during July-October are investigated using 20 year runs of the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) coupled to a slab ocean model. The aerosol optical depth is constrained using observations in clear skies from MODIS and for aerosol layers above clouds from CALIPSO. Over the ocean, where the absorbing biomass burning aerosol layers are primarily located above cloud, negative top of atmosphere (TOA) semi-direct radiative effects associated with increased low cloud cover dominate over a weaker positive all-sky direct radiative effect (DRE). In contrast, over the land where the aerosols are often below or within cloud layers, reductions in cloud liquid water path (LWP) lead to a positive semi-direct radiative effect that dominates over a near-zero DRE. Over the ocean, the cloud response can be understood as a response to increased lower tropospheric stability (LTS) which is caused both by aerosol absorptive warming in overlying layers and surface cooling in response to direct aerosol forcing. The ocean cloud changes are robust to changes in the cloud parameterization (removal of the hard-wired dependence of clouds on LTS), suggesting that they are physically realistic. Over land where cloud cover changes are minimal, decreased LWP is consistent with weaker convection driven by increased static stability. Over the entire region the overall TOA radiative effect from the biomass burning aerosols is almost zero due to opposing effects over the land and ocean. However, the surface forcing is strongly negative requiring a reduction in precipitation. This is primarily realized through reductions in convective precipitation on both the southern and northern flanks of the convective precipitation region spanning the equatorial rainforest and the ITCZ in the southern Sahel. The changes are consistent with the low-level aerosol forced cooling pattern. The results highlight the importance of semi-direct radiative effects and precipitation responses for determining the climatic effects of aerosols in the African region.

  5. Tracking abrupt climate change in the Southern Hemisphere: a seismic stratigraphic study of Lago Cardiel, Argentina (49S)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Cardiel, Argentina (49ÊS) Adrian Gilli,1 * Flavio S. Anselmetti,1 Daniel Ariztegui,1 à J. Platt Bradbury,2). Lago Cardiel, Argentina, at 49°S, is a hydrologically closed, deep lake system, decoupled from glacial was ABSTRACT Lake sediments from a closed basin in southern Patagonia (Argentina) provide a continental archive

  6. Modeling long-term fire regimes of southern California shrublands1 (Suggested running head: "Modeling fire regimes with HFire")3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Jean

    1 Modeling long-term fire regimes of southern California shrublands1 2 (Suggested running head: "Modeling fire regimes with HFire")3 4 Seth H. Petersona , Max A. Moritzb , Marco E. Moraisc , Philip E for Fire Research & Outreach, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, & Management,10 UC Berkeley, CA

  7. Simplifying Construction of Complex Workflows for Non-Expert Users of the Southern California Earthquake Center Community Modeling Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jihie

    the earth as a system, to gain a better understanding of the complex interactions between crustal stress more accurate models of the different system components: fault models, rupture dynamics, wave elements into an integrated model of the earth. It is with this goal in mind that that the Southern

  8. 177USDAForestServiceGen.Tech.Rep.PSW-GTR-160.1997. Blue Oak Regeneration in Southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    acorns from Kern County. The Southern Sierra Hardwood Range region, consisting of Madera, Fresno, Tulare, Tulare, and Kern Counties In 1987, a preliminary survey was conducted in Kern County to inventory the population and height classes of blue oaks. The following year the survey was expanded to include Tulare

  9. Regional transport and dilution during high-pollution episodes in southern France: Summary of findings from the Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of local and mesoscale winds that transport and redistribute pollutants across the air basins, generatingRegional transport and dilution during high-pollution episodes in southern France: Summary of findings from the Field Experiment to Constraint Models of Atmospheric Pollution and Emissions Transport

  10. Methane in the southern North Sea: Sources, spatial distribution and budgets Maik Grunwald a,*, Olaf Dellwig a,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dippner, Joachim W.

    Methane in the southern North Sea: Sources, spatial distribution and budgets Maik Grunwald a December 2008 Keywords: methane North Sea Wadden Sea Weser pore water budget calculation a b s t r a c t Measurements of methane (CH4) so far have always shown supersaturation in the entire North Sea relative

  11. How to get to the Laureate and Accolade Rooms Cross the Bourke Street Pedestrian Bridge from Southern Cross Station.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liley, David

    from Southern Cross Station. When you get to the stadium, turn to your right, proceeding to Gate 6. Take the lift to the Level D and follow the signs to the Laureate and Accolade Rooms. By Tram right at Row T (blue pillars) and proceed to Gate 6. Take the lift to the Level D and follow the signs

  12. Analysis and prediction of hazard risks caused by tropical cyclones in Southern China with fuzzy mathematical and grey models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Da-Lin

    Analysis and prediction of hazard risks caused by tropical cyclones in Southern China with fuzzy 2011 Keywords: Combined weights Fuzzy mathematical models Hazard risk analysis Exceeded probability Tropical cyclones Grey prediction model a b s t r a c t A hazard-risk assessment model and a grey hazard

  13. The influence of land-use composition on fecal contamination of riverine source water in southern British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumder, Asit

    The influence of land-use composition on fecal contamination of riverine source water in southern to become contaminated with pathogens is related to the production and transport of fecal waste from within the local catchment area. Identifying specific relationships between land-use types and fecal contamination

  14. Subscriber access provided by UNIV OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Environmental Science & Technology is published by the American Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering and Materials Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 for the conversion of solar into electric energy, and have recently drawn increased attention because, photosynthetic microorganisms convert solar energy into chemical energy, which is then converted into electric

  15. The Effect of a Large Resuspension Event in Southern Lake Michigan on the Short-term Cycling of Organic Contaminants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Effect of a Large Resuspension Event in Southern Lake Michigan on the Short-term Cycling and after a major resuspension event. It was found that major resuspension events result in a large flux of that occurred in the month of March after a series of intense storms induced a large- scale resuspension event

  16. The effect of a large resuspension event in Southern Lake Michigan on the short-term cycling of organic contaminants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Episodic Events

    1 The effect of a large resuspension event in Southern Lake Michigan on the short-term cycling intensive campaigns before and after the resuspension event and 2) settling sediment collected using a time from increased gas-phase deposition due to the resuspension event was 8 kg for PCBs and 2200 kg

  17. Andean uplift and climate evolution in the southern Atacama Desert deduced from geomorphology and supergene alunite-group minerals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiners, Peter W.

    Andean uplift and climate evolution in the southern Atacama Desert deduced from geomorphology 2010 Available online 18 October 2010 Editor: T.M. Harrison Keywords: Atacama Desert Andes uplift Atacama Desert had been uplifted as early as the late Eocene and, thus, significantly prior

  18. Influence of coastal upwelling and El Nin~oSouthern Oscillation on nearshore water along Baja California and Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    and El Nin~o­Southern Oscillation (ENSO) off Baja California and Chile, nearshore salinity, cadmium (Cd), and nutrients phosphate, silicate, nitrate+nitrite were monitored in surf zone waters at six locations along, cadmium, nutrients, El Nin~o, Chile, Baja California Citation: Takesue, R. K., et al. (2004), Influence

  19. in press, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, April 18, 2007 Carbon dioxide and oxygen fluxes in the Southern Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Czaja, Arnaud

    in press, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, April 18, 2007 Carbon dioxide and oxygen fluxes College, London, UK Abstract. We analyze the variability of air-sea fluxes of carbon dioxide and oxygen. The Southern Annular Mode (SAM), known to impact the variability of air-sea fluxes of carbon dioxide, is also

  20. Passive tracers in a general circulation model of the Southern Ocean I. G. Stevens, D. P. Stevens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevens, David

    Passive tracers in a general circulation model of the Southern Ocean I. G. Stevens, D. P. Stevens: 22 January 1999 / Accepted: 12 February 1999 Abstract. Passive tracers are used in an o-line version and provide information on the inter-ocean exchange of water masses. The use of passive tracers allows

  1. Estimates of wind energy input to the Ekman layer in the Southern Ocean from surface drifter data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Estimates of wind energy input to the Ekman layer in the Southern Ocean from surface drifter data the contribution from the anticyclonic frequencies dominate the wind energy input. The latitudinal and seasonal variations of the wind energy input to the Ekman layer are closely related to the variations of the wind

  2. Nutrient utilization ratios in the Polar Frontal Zone in the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean: A model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wendy

    Nutrient utilization ratios in the Polar Frontal Zone in the Australian sector of the Southern. The best model fit to the observations required an annual N/P utilization ratio of 13.2, but this low N/P ratio still overestimated the nitrate utilization during the summer. We considered three mechanisms

  3. Paleoseismology study of the Cache River Valley, southern Illinois, and New Madrid seismic zone, southeast Missouri and northeast Kansas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noonan, Brian James

    1999-01-01

    and location of prehistoric earthquakes needs to be better constrained. Some areas of the mid-continent, such as the Cache River Valley (CRV) of southern Illinois, have not been studied in the detail of the New Madrid seismic zone, thus the earthquake hazard...

  4. A loesspaleosol record of climate and glacial history over the past two glacialinterglacial cycles (~150 ka), southern Jackson Hole, Wyoming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Licciardi, Joseph M.

    of the Laurentide ice sheet (Bettis et al., 2003). In the Great Plains, west of the Mississippi River Valley, loess accumulation of loess along the upper Snake River in Jackson Hole, northwestern Wyoming (Fig. 2). In southern Jackson Hole, loess locally more than 8 m thick is distributed along both sides of the Snake River. We

  5. The 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake, Southern California: Vector Near-Field Displacements from ERS InSAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandwell, David T.

    1 The 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake, Southern California: Vector Near-Field Displacements from ERS In-slip and dip-slip in along the surface of the 1999 Hector Mine rupture (Figure 1). Many publications use In; Zebker et al., 1994; Peltzer et al., 1994; Fujiwara et al., 1997; Michel et al., 1999b; Price, 1999

  6. Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sack, Lawren

    Coordination of stem and leaf hydraulic conductance in southern California shrubs: a test of the hydraulic segmentation hypothesis Alexandria L. Pivovaroff1 , Lawren Sack2 and Louis S. Santiago1 1 2014 New Phytologist (2014) 203: 842­850 doi: 10.1111/nph.12850 Key words: chaparral, hydraulic

  7. Variation of surficial soil hydraulic properties across land uses in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains, North Carolina, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teskey, Robert O.

    distribution, in situ saturated hydraulic conductivity (measured using an Amoozemeter com- pact constant headVariation of surficial soil hydraulic properties across land uses in the southern Blue Ridge of Geography, 204 GG Building, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-2502, United States b Ecosystems

  8. Kinematic behavior of southern Alaska constrained by westward decreasing postglacial slip rates on the Denali Fault, Alaska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mé riaux, A. S.; Sieh, K.; Finkel, R. C.; Rubin, C. M.; Taylor, Michael Halford; Meltzner, A. J.; Ryerson, Fredrick J.

    2009-03-12

    Long-term slip rates for the Denali Fault in southern Alaska are derived using 10Be cosmogenic radionuclide (CRN) dating of offset glacial moraines at two sites. Correction of 10Be CRN model ages for the effect of snow shielding uses historical...

  9. Role of ocean biology-induced climate feedback in the modulation of El Nin~o-Southern Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, .Dake

    penetration of solar radiation in the upper ocean, present- ing a feedback from ocean biology to physics represented by the penetration depth of solar radiation in the upper ocean (Hp), a field thus servingRole of ocean biology-induced climate feedback in the modulation of El Nin~o-Southern Oscillation

  10. 1 Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust 2 implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon lake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfinger, Chris

    1 Coseismic slip on the southern Cascadia megathrust 2 implied by tsunami deposits in an Oregon August 2012; accepted 29 August 2012; published XX Month 2012. 7 [1] We test hypothetical tsunami minimum inundation limits for prehistoric 9 Cascadia tsunamis. Tsunami simulations constrain coseismic

  11. USING HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGERY TO ASSIST FEDERAL FOREST MONITORING AND RESTORATION PROJECTS IN THE SOUTHERN ROCKY MOUNTAINS, COLORADO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wamser, William Kyle

    2012-12-31

    of this research were to improve the use of ARCHER hyperspectral imagery to classify sub-canopy and open-area vegetation in coniferous forests located in the Southern Rockies and to determine how much fidelity might be lost from a baseline of 1 meter spatial...

  12. Distribution and Status of the Guiana Dolphin Sotalia guianensis (Cetacea, Delphinidae) Population in Babitonga Bay, Southern Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simões-Lopes, Paulo César

    in Babitonga Bay, Southern Brazil Marta J. Cremer1,2, *, Fernando A.S. Hardt1 , Antonio J. Tonello Jr1 Região de Joinville, Caixa Postal 110, Cep 89240-000, São Francisco do Sul, Santa Catarina, Brazil 2 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas ­ Zoologia, Univ. Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil 3

  13. The Impact of Solar Photovoltaic Generation on Balancing Requirements in the Southern Nevada System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Jian; Lu, Shuai; Hafen, Ryan P.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Chadliev, Vladimir

    2012-05-07

    Abstract—The impact of integrating large-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) generation on the balancing requirements in terms of regulation and load-following requirements in the southern Nevada balancing area is evaluated. The “swinging door” algorithm and the “probability box” method developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were used to quantify the impact of large PV generation on the balancing requirements of the system operations. The system’s actual scheduling, real-time dispatch and regulation processes were simulated. Different levels of distributed generation were also considered in the study. The impact of hourly solar PV generation forecast errors on regulation and load-following requirements was assessed. The sensitivity of balancing requirements with respect to real-time forecast errors of large PV generation was analyzed. Index Terms—Ancillary services, balancing requirements, load following, regulation, renewables integration, swinging door

  14. Fragmentation of habitats used by neotropical migratory birds in Southern Appalachians and the neotropics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pearson, S.M.; Dale, V.H.; Offerman, H.L. |

    1993-12-31

    Recent declines in North American breeding populations have sparked great concern over the effects of habitat fragmentation. Neotropical migrant birds use and are influenced by two biomes during a single life span. Yet assessment of the relative importance of changes in tropical wintering areas versus temperate breeding areas is complicated by regional variation in rates and extent of habitat change. Landscape-level measurements of forest fragmentation derived from remotely-sensed data provide a means to compare the patterns of habitat modification on the wintering and breeding grounds of migrant birds. This study quantifies patterns of forest fragmentation in the Southern Appalachian Mountains and tropical Amazon and relates these patterns to the resource needs of neotropical migrant birds. Study sites were selected from remotely-sensed images to represent a range of forest fragmentation (highly fragmented landscape to continuous forest).

  15. Physiochemical Evidence of Faulting Processes and Modeling of Fluid in Evolving Fault Systems in Southern California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boles, James [Professor

    2013-05-24

    Our study targets recent (Plio-Pleistocene) faults and young (Tertiary) petroleum fields in southern California. Faults include the Refugio Fault in the Transverse Ranges, the Ellwood Fault in the Santa Barbara Channel, and most recently the Newport- Inglewood in the Los Angeles Basin. Subsurface core and tubing scale samples, outcrop samples, well logs, reservoir properties, pore pressures, fluid compositions, and published structural-seismic sections have been used to characterize the tectonic/diagenetic history of the faults. As part of the effort to understand the diagenetic processes within these fault zones, we have studied analogous processes of rapid carbonate precipitation (scaling) in petroleum reservoir tubing and manmade tunnels. From this, we have identified geochemical signatures in carbonate that characterize rapid CO2 degassing. These data provide constraints for finite element models that predict fluid pressures, multiphase flow patterns, rates and patterns of deformation, subsurface temperatures and heat flow, and geochemistry associated with large fault systems.

  16. Renewable Resources: a national catalog of model projects. Volume 3. Southern Solar Energy Center Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1980-07-01

    This compilation of diverse conservation and renewable energy projects across the United States was prepared through the enthusiastic participation of solar and alternate energy groups from every state and region. Compiled and edited by the Center for Renewable Resources, these projects reflect many levels of innovation and technical expertise. In many cases, a critique analysis is presented of how projects performed and of the institutional conditions associated with their success or failure. Some 2000 projects are included in this compilation; most have worked, some have not. Information about all is presented to aid learning from these experiences. The four volumes in this set are arranged in state sections by geographic region, coinciding with the four Regional Solar Energy Centers. The table of contents is organized by project category so that maximum cross-referencing may be obtained. This volume includes information on the Southern Solar Energy Center Region. (WHK)

  17. Identification of organic-rich lower tertiary shakles as petroleum source rock, southern Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDade, E.C. (Texaco Inc., New orleans, LA (United States)); Sassen, R. (Texas A M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)); Wenger, L. (Exxon Production Research, Houston, TX (United States)); Cole, G.A. (Saudi Aramco Laboratories Department, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1993-09-01

    Comprehensive organic geochemical evidence of organic-rich, marine shales in the lower part of the middle eocene Claiborne Group and the lower Eocene-Paleocene Wilcox Group of southern Louisiana is now available. The evidence influences models for Gulf Coast petroleum origin. The shales are the only post-Cretaceous sediments in the northern Gulf of Mexico that meet recognized criteria for oil source rocks. Many of organic-rich Paleogene shales contain terrestrially derived, amorphous kerogen altered by microbial activity, and display pyrolysis results consistent with type II/III kerogen. Shelf-edge depositional environments favored preservation of hydrogen-rich kerogen. Seismic and sedimentologic interpretations suggest that marine character and thickness increase on the Paleogene continental slope to the south. The shales at burial depths in the 3050-4600 m depth range, at present, are thermally immature to late mature with respect to oil generation. Detailed geochemical analyses of extractable organic matter and kerogen isolates suggest an oil-source correlation with Tertiary-reservoired oils in southern Louisiana and offshore in the adjacent Gulf of Mexico. Biomarkers of selected samples display high concentrations of C[sub 28]-bisnorhopane and 18[alpha]-oleanane biomarker is absent or not reported in Gulf crude oils from Cretaceous and Jurassic source rocks. Burial and thermal history models suggest the timing of oil migration from Paleogene source rocks is consistent with emplacement of oils in Tertiary reservoirs. The lower Tertiary source rocks described here could offer new insight to understanding the origin of oil in other Tertiary deltas.

  18. A SOUTHERN SKY AND GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY FOR BRIGHT KUIPER BELT OBJECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheppard, Scott S.; Udalski, Andrzej; Kubiak, Marcin; Pietrzynski, Grzegorz; Poleski, Radoslaw; Soszynski, Igor; Szymanski, Michal K.; Ulaczyk, Krzysztof; Trujillo, Chadwick

    2011-10-15

    About 2500 deg{sup 2} of sky south of declination -25{sup 0} and/or near the Galactic Plane were surveyed for bright outer solar system objects. This survey is one of the first large-scale southern sky and Galactic Plane surveys to detect dwarf planets and other bright Kuiper Belt Objects in the trans-Neptunian region. The survey was able to obtain a limiting R-band magnitude of 21.6. In all, 18 outer solar system objects were detected, including Pluto which was detected near the Galactic center using optimal image subtraction techniques to remove the high stellar density background. Fourteen of the detections were previously unknown trans-Neptunian objects, demonstrating that the southern sky had not been well searched to date for bright outer solar system objects. Assuming moderate albedos, several of the new discoveries from this survey could be in hydrostatic equilibrium and thus could be considered dwarf planets. Combining this survey with previous surveys from the northern hemisphere suggests that the Kuiper Belt is nearly complete to around 21st magnitude in the R band. All the main dynamical classes in the Kuiper Belt are occupied by at least one dwarf-planet-sized object. The 3:2 Neptune resonance, which is the innermost well-populated Neptune resonance, has several large objects while the main outer Neptune resonances such as the 5:3, 7:4, 2:1, and 5:2 do not appear to have any large objects. This indicates that the outer resonances are either significantly depleted in objects relative to the 3:2 resonance or have a significantly different assortment of objects than the 3:2 resonance. For the largest objects (H < 4.5 mag), the scattered disk population appears to have a few times more objects than the main Kuiper Belt (MKB) population, while the Sedna population could be several times more than that of the MKB.

  19. Grassland carbon and nitrogen dynamics: effects of seasonal fire and clipping in a mixed-grass prairie of the southern great plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Wylie Neal

    2006-08-16

    Plant production and soil microbial biomass (SMB) in grassland ecosystems are linked by flows of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) between the two groups of organisms. In native mixed grasslands of the southern Great Plains, these cycles are strongly...

  20. Ontogenetic prey change and food habits of two sympatric Texas Ranids: the Southern Leopard frog, Rana sphenocephala, and the Bronze frog, Rana clamitans clamitans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKnight, Jenna L

    1996-01-01

    The food habits of two sympatric Ranids were investigated for diet composition and tested for the existence of ontogenetic prey changes. Onehundred-thirty-one Southern Leopard frogs, Rana sphenocephala, and 71 Bronze frogs, ...

  1. ELLIS, TIMOTHY ALAN. Assessing Nursery Quality for Southern Flounder, Paralichthys lethostigma, through Fish Energy Content and Habitat Abiotic Conditions. (Under the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    habitat quality were compared: fish energy content and habitat abiotic conditions. The hypothesis habitat quality. When measured on appropriate temporal and spatial scales, total fish energy contentABSTRACT ELLIS, TIMOTHY ALAN. Assessing Nursery Quality for Southern Flounder, Paralichthys

  2. Materials collected by the southern branch of the UC Africa Expedition with a report on previously unpublished Plio-Pleistocene fossil localities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monson, Tesla A; Brasil, Marianne F; Hlusko, Leslea J

    2015-01-01

    comprehensive unit. Here we offer a cursory overview of theBuxton Limeworks. We also offer a historical review of theand southern Africa. We offer a brief overview of the

  3. Late Quaternary sedimentology and geochronology of small playas on the Southern High Plains, Texas and New Mexico, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holliday, Vance T.

    Late Quaternary sedimentology and geochronology of small playas on the Southern High Plains, Texas-three discussed by Holliday et al. (1996), were sampled for additional stratigraphic and sedimentological

  4. Environmental assessment for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program: Southern Great Plains Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Policastro, A.J.; Pfingston, J.M.; Maloney, D.M.; Wasmer, F.; Pentecost, E.D.

    1992-03-01

    The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is aimed at supplying improved predictive capability of climate change, particularly the prediction of cloud-climate feedback. The objective will be achieved by measuring the atmospheric radiation and physical and meteorological quantities that control solar radiation in the earth`s atmosphere and using this information to test global climate and related models. The proposed action is to construct and operate a Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) research site in the southern Great Plains as part of the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program whose objective is to develop an improved predictive capability of global climate change. The purpose of this CART research site in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma would be to collect meteorological and other scientific information to better characterize the processes controlling radiation transfer on a global scale. Impacts which could result from this facility are described.

  5. The use of a synthetic attractant as a survey instrument for the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmerman 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash, Charles Ross

    1970-01-01

    ? ch 1s 2 t1(. n?t+1 fa iin 2?00th;. . Ot" 1 cap. Ti;is i" ~)~?Ortant because of the southern pine beet" e'0 ahi -:t~ to ?cove rpi?ard in thc Stir&en to the top o the trap ;)here '" ua?1'cs in -"= circu&zr pct!? around? . he ri ?of the cap. i, sel...

  6. The sublethal effects of the non volatile water soluble fraction of Southern Louisiana crude oil on the growth of Skeletonema costatum (Greve.) Cleve 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schauffler, Sue Myhre

    1979-01-01

    THE SUBLETHAL EFFECTS OF THE NON VOLATILE WATER SOLUBLE FRACTION OF SOUTHERN LOUISIANA CRUDE OIL ON THE GROWTH OF Skeletonema costatum (GREVE. ) CLEVE A Thesis by SUE MYHRE SCHAUFFLER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ~I University... in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979 Major Subject: Oceanography THE SUBLETHAL EFFECTS OF THE NON VOLATILE WATER SOLUBLE FRACTION OF SOUTHERN LOUISIANA CRUDE OIL ON THE GROWTH OF Skeletonema...

  7. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  8. Site Scientific Mission Plan for the Southern Great Plains CART site: January--June 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, J.M.; Lamb, P.J.; Sisterson, D.L.

    1993-12-01

    The Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site is designed to help satisfy the data needs of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Science Team. This document defines the scientific priorities for site activities during the six months beginning on January 1, 1994, and also looks forward in lesser detail to subsequent six-month periods. The primary purpose of this Site Scientific Mission Plan is to provide guidance for the development of plans for site operations. It also provides information on current plans to the ARM Functional Teams (Management Team, Experiment Support Team, Operations Team, Data Management Team, Instrument Team, and Campaign Team), and it serves to disseminate the plans more generally within the ARM Program and among the Science Team. This document includes a description of the site`s operational status and the primary envisaged site activities, together with information concerning approved and proposed Intensive Observation Periods. Amendments will be prepared and distributed whenever the content changes by more than 30% within a six-month period. The primary users of this document are the site operator, the site scientist, the Science Team through the ARM Program Science Director, the ARM Program Experiment Center, and the aforementioned ARM Program Functional Teams. This plan is a living document that will be updated and reissued every six months as the observational facilities are developed, tested, and augmented and as priorities are adjusted in response to developments in scientific planning and understanding.

  9. The hydroclimatology of the United States during El Nino/Southern Oscillation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dracup, J.A.; Piechota, T.C.; Khachikian, C.S. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Civil and Environmental Engineering Dept.

    1995-12-31

    Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) monthly data are analyzed, building on a previous study that investigated the influence of the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on US streamflow. Harmonic analysis is performed using data from 1,035 selected climatological stations, allowing observation of the biennial tendency in climate data. With the middle twelve months defined as the El Nino year (0), an idealized first harmonic fit to a 24-month ENSO composite is computed for each station. By plotting the first harmonic vectors of each station, regions of similar, or coherent, response are identified. The regions identified using PDSI data represent wet conditions in the Gulf of Mexico (Gm1 and GM2) and central (C) US, and dry conditions in the Pacific northwest (PNW) and northeast (NE) US. The PNW region exhibits the strongest interrelationship between ENSO and extreme drought events. Comparing PDSI data results with other hydroclimatic data (temperature, precipitation, and streamflow) reveals consistent responses. The most filtered response is seen in the PDSI and streamflow data, and these data are probably the best measure of the overall hydroclimatic response within a region. Results of this study suggest that conditions in the tropical Pacific (e.g., sea surface temperatures) may be excellent precursors of future climate. These conditions may also enhance long range prediction of droughts and floods for certain regions of the US.

  10. Geothermal Well and Heat Flow Data for the United States (Southern Methodist University (SMU) Geothermal Laboratory)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Blackwell, D.D. and others

    Southern Methodist University makes two databases and several detailed maps available. The Regional Heat Flow Database for the United States contains information on primarily regional or background wells that determine the heat flow for the United States; temperature gradients and conductivity are used to generate heat flow measurements. Information on geology of the location, porosity, thermal conductivity, water table depth, etc. are also included when known. There are usually three data files for each state or region. The first files were generated in 1989 for the data base creating the Decade of North America Geology (DNAG) Geothermal Map. The second set is from 1996 when the data base was officially updated for the Department of Energy. The third set is from 1999 when the Western U.S. High Temperature Geothermal data base was completed. As new data is received, the files continue to be updated. The second major resource is the Western Geothermal Areas Database, a database of over 5000 wells in primarily high temperature geothermal areas from the Rockies to the Pacific Ocean. The majority of the data are from company documents, well logs, and publications with drilling dates ranging from 1960 to 2000. Many of the wells were not previously accessible to the public. Users will need to register, but will then have free, open access to the databases. The contents of each database can be viewed and downloaded as Excel spreadsheets. See also the heat flow maps at http://www.smu.edu/geothermal/heatflow/heatflow.htm

  11. Southern company energy storage study : a study for the DOE energy storage systems program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellison, James; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Black, Clifton; Jenkins, Kip

    2013-03-01

    This study evaluates the business case for additional bulk electric energy storage in the Southern Company service territory for the year 2020. The model was used to examine how system operations are likely to change as additional storage is added. The storage resources were allowed to provide energy time shift, regulation reserve, and spinning reserve services. Several storage facilities, including pumped hydroelectric systems, flywheels, and bulk-scale batteries, were considered. These scenarios were tested against a range of sensitivities: three different natural gas price assumptions, a 15% decrease in coal-fired generation capacity, and a high renewable penetration (10% of total generation from wind energy). Only in the elevated natural gas price sensitivities did some of the additional bulk-scale storage projects appear justifiable on the basis of projected production cost savings. Enabling existing peak shaving hydroelectric plants to provide regulation and spinning reserve, however, is likely to provide savings that justify the project cost even at anticipated natural gas price levels. Transmission and distribution applications of storage were not examined in this study. Allowing new storage facilities to serve both bulk grid and transmission/distribution-level needs may provide for increased benefit streams, and thus make a stronger business case for additional storage.

  12. Site scientific mission plan for the Southern Great Plains CART site: January 1997--June 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peppler, R.A.; Lamb, P.J. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States). Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies; Sisterson, D.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site is designed to help satisfy the data needs of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Science Team. This document defines the scientific priorities for site activities during the six months beginning on January 1, 1997, and looks forward in lesser detail to subsequent six-month periods. The primary purpose of this Site Scientific Mission Plan is to provide guidance for the development of plans for site operations. It also provides information on current plans to the ARM functional teams (Management Team, Data and Science Integration Team [DSIT], Operations Team, Instrument Team [IT], and Campaign Team) and serves to disseminate the plans more generally within the ARM Program and among the members of the Science Team. This document includes a description of the operational status of the site and the primary site activities envisioned, together with information concerning approved and proposed intensive observation periods (IOPs). The primary users of this document are the site operator, the Site Scientist Team (SST), the Science Team through the ARM Program science director, the ARM Program Experiment Center, and the aforementioned ARM Program functional teams. This plan is a living document that is updated and reissued every six months as the observational facilities are developed, tested, and augmented and as priorities are adjusted in response to developments in scientific planning and understanding.

  13. Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced resonances of the El-Nino Southern Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernd Krauskopf; Jan Sieber

    2014-05-28

    Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops that feature considerable delay times, usually due to the time it takes to transport energy (for example, in the form of hot/cold air or water) around the globe. In this paper we demonstrate how one can perform a bifurcation analysis of the behaviour of a periodically-forced system with delay in dependence on key parameters. As an example we consider the El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which is a sea surface temperature oscillation on a multi-year scale in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. One can think of ENSO as being generated by an interplay between two feedback effects, one positive and one negative, which act only after some delay that is determined by the speed of transport of sea-surface temperature anomalies across the Pacific. We perform here a case study of a simple delayed-feedback oscillator model for ENSO (introduced by Tziperman et al, J. Climate 11 (1998)), which is parametrically forced by annual variation. More specifically, we use numerical bifurcation analysis tools to explore directly regions of delay-induced resonances and other stability boundaries in this delay-differential equation model for ENSO.

  14. Bifurcation analysis of delay-induced resonances of the El-Nino Southern Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krauskopf, Bernd

    2011-01-01

    Models of global climate phenomena of low to intermediate complexity are very useful for providing an understanding at a conceptual level. An important aspect of such models is the presence of a number of feedback loops that feature considerable delay times, usually due to the time it takes to transport energy (for example, in the form of hot/cold air or water) around the globe. In this paper we demonstrate how one can performed a bifurcation analysis of the behaviour of a periodically forced delay differential equation (DDE) in dependence on key parameters. As a concrete example we consider the El-Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), which is a sea surface temperature oscillation on a multi-year scale in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. One can think of ENSO as being generated by an interplay between two feedback effects, one positive and one negative, which act only after some delay that is determined by the speed of transport of sea-surface temperature anomalies across the Pacific. We perform here a case study...

  15. Drainage capture and discharge variations driven by glaciation in the Southern Alps, New Zealand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ann V. Rowan; Mitchell A. Plummer; Simon H. Brocklehurst; Merren A. Jones; David M. Schultz

    2013-02-01

    Sediment flux in proglacial fluvial settings is primarily controlled by discharge, which usually varies predictably over a glacial–interglacial cycle. However, glaciers can flow against the topographic gradient to cross drainage divides, reshaping fluvial drainage networks and dramatically altering discharge. In turn, these variations in discharge will be recorded by proglacial stratigraphy. Glacial-drainage capture often occurs in alpine environments where ice caps straddle range divides, and more subtly where shallow drainage divides cross valley floors. We investigate discharge variations resulting from glacial-drainage capture over the past 40 k.y. for the adjacent Ashburton, Rangitata, and Rakaia basins in the Southern Alps, New Zealand. Although glacial-drainage capture has previously been inferred in the range, our numerical glacier model provides the first quantitative demonstration that this process drives larger variations in discharge for a longer duration than those that occur due to climate change alone. During the Last Glacial Maximum, the effective drainage area of the Ashburton catchment increased to 160% of the interglacial value with drainage capture, driving an increase in discharge exceeding that resulting from glacier recession. Glacial-drainage capture is distinct from traditional (base level–driven) drainage capture and is often unrecognized in proglacial deposits, complicating interpretation of the sedimentary record of climate change.

  16. Diagnosis & Correction of Soil Nutrient Limitations in Intensively managed southern pine forests

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    University of Florida

    2002-10-25

    Forest productivity is one manner to sequester carbon and it is a renewable energy source. Likewise, efficient use of fertilization can be a significant energy savings. To date, site-specific use of fertilization for the purpose of maximizing forest productivity has not been well developed. Site evaluation of nutrient deficiencies is primarily based on empirical approaches to soil testing and plot fertilizer tests with little consideration for soil water regimes and contributing site factors. This project uses mass flow diffusion theory in a modeling context, combined with process level knowledge of soil chemistry, to evaluate nutrient bioavailability to fast-growing juvenile forest stands growing on coastal plain Spodosols of the southeastern U.S. The model is not soil or site specific and should be useful for a wide range of soil management/nutrient management conditions. In order to use the model, field data of fast-growing southern pine needed to be measured and used in the validation of the model. The field aspect of the study was mainly to provide data that could be used to verify the model. However, we learned much about the growth and development of fast growing loblolly. Carbon allocation patterns, root shoot relationships and leaf area root relationships proved to be new, important information. The Project Objectives were to: (1) Develop a mechanistic nutrient management model based on the COMP8 uptake model. (2) Collect field data that could be used to verify and test the model. (3) Model testing.

  17. Marine plankton as an indicator of low-level radionuclide contamination in the Southern Ocean

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsh, K.V.; Buddemeier, R.W.

    1984-07-01

    We have initiated an investigation of the utility of marine plankton as bioconcentrating samplers of low-level marine radioactivity in the southern hemisphere. A literature review shows that both freshwater and marine plankton have trace element and radionuclide concentration factors (relative to water) of up to 10/sup 4/. In the years 1956-1958, considerable work was done on the accumulation and distribution of a variety of fission and activation products produced by the nuclear tests in the Marshall Islands. Since then, studies have largely been confined to a few selected radionuclides, and by far most of this work has been done in the northern hemisphere. We participated in Operation Deepfreeze 1981, collecting 32 plankton samples from the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Glacier on its Antarctic cruise, while Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories concurrently sampled air, water, rain and fallout. We were able to measure concentrations of the naturally occurring radionuclides /sup 7/Be, /sup 40/K and the U and th series, and we believe that we have detected low levels of /sup 144/Ce and /sup 95/Nb in seven samples ranging as far south as 68/sup 0/. There is a definite association between the radionuclide content of plankton and air filters, suggesting that aerosol resuspension of marine radioactivity may be occurring. Biological identification of the plankton suggests a possible correlation between radionuclide concentration and foraminifera content of the samples. 38 references, 7 figures, 3 tables.

  18. IceVeto: Extended PeV neutrino astronomy in the Southern Hemisphere with IceCube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auffenberg, Jan; Collaboration: IceCube Collaboration

    2014-11-18

    IceCube, the world's largest high-energy neutrino observatory, built at the South Pole, recently reported evidence of an astrophysical neutrino flux extending to PeV energies in the Southern Hemisphere. This observation raises the question of how the sensitivity in this energy range could be further increased. In the down-going sector, in IceCube's case the Southern Hemisphere, backgrounds from atmospheric muons and neutrinos pose a challenge to the identification of an astrophysical neutrino flux. The IceCube analysis, that led to the evidence for astrophysical neutrinos, is based on an in-ice veto strategy for background rejection. One possibility available to IceCube is the concept of an extended surface detector, IceVeto, which could allow the rejection of a large fraction of atmospheric backgrounds, primarily for muons from cosmic ray (CR) air showers as well as from neutrinos in the same air showers. Building on the experience of IceTop/IceCube, possibly the most cost-effective and sensitive way to build IceVeto is as an extension of the IceTop detector, with simple photomultiplier based detector modules for CR air shower detection. Initial simulations and estimates indicate that such a veto detector will significantly increase the sensitivity to an astrophysical flux of ?{sub ?} induced muon tracks in the Southern Hemisphere compared to current analyses. Here we present the motivation and capabilities based on initial simulations. Conceptual ideas for a simplified surface array will be discussed briefly.

  19. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1984-10-01

    All exploratory activity in central and southern Africa decreased in 1983, reflecting world economic conditions and excess productive capacity. Seismic activity has declined sharply from its peak year of 1981. Land operations suffered the greatest drop in 1983, whereas party-months of marine work increased slightly. 3-D recording continued to be used but at a reduced rate compared with 1982. Large aeromagnetic surveys were made in several countries; however, the coverage was less than in 1982. Gravity continues to be used to supplement other geophysical work, but other exploratory techniques are being used infrequently. Total wells drilled dropped from 464 in 1982 to 387 in 1983. Most of the decline was in exploratory drilling, which dropped from 132 to 86 wells. This was reflected in the number of discoveries, which decreased from 48 to 27 while the success rate continued about the same. Development drilling continued at a high level in Cameroon and Congo, whereas in Nigeria the emphasis shifted to the drilling of appraisal wells. In all, 2,937,708 ft (895,643 m) of hole was drilled, a decrease of about 20% from 1982. Oil production of 673,075,667 bbl in 1983 was an increase of 1.7% over 1982's production, bringing cumulative production to over 12 billion bbl. Marked increases in production were recorded in Cabinda, Ivory Coast, and Congo. Production from Nigerian fields continued to dominate this part of the world as they contributed about 67% of the annual production and 75% of the cumulative production. 44 figures, 15 tables.

  20. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGrew, H.J.

    1982-11-01

    Exploratory activity in central and southern Africa continued to grow during 1981. Geophysical operations reached nearly record levels and the number of wells increased markedly. Oil production suffered from the adverse conditions that existed throughout the world and dropped by a significant amount. New Concession acquisitions occurred in several of the countries in northeast Africa. Elsewhere, the operating companies negotiated new concessions and renewed those that were expiring. In several countries where production has been proven, the operators were assigned exploitation concessions. Seismic crews and marine geophysical vessels were active throughout the countries in this area. A total of 365 party-months of work was done to yield 98,035 km of new lines. A moderate amount of 3-D recording was carried out in connection with field development. Some aeromagnetic work was done, principally in northeast Africa and in Mozambique. Forty-four new fields or pools were discovered by drilling 115 new-field wildcat and exploratory wells. These wells accounted for 1,060,254 ft (323,248 m) of hole. Appraisal and development drilling resulted in 321 wells with a total of 2,533,305 ft (772,349 m) of hole drilled. At year end, 25 exploratory wells were under way or resting, and 49 rigs were active in development drilling. Oil production for the year was 691,995,939 bbl, a decrease of nearly 25% from 1980. Nigeria suffered the greatest drop in production; however, increases were achieved in Cameroon, Congo, and Zaire. The cumulative production from this part of Africa passed the 10 billion bbl mark.

  1. Multi-level effects of low dose rate ionizing radiation on southern toad, Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stark, Karolina; Scott, David E.; Tsyusko, Olga; Coughlin, Daniel P.; Hinton, Thomas G.; Amendola, Roberto

    2015-04-30

    Despite their potential vulnerability to contaminants from exposure at multiple life stages, amphibians are one of the least studied groups of vertebrates in ecotoxicology, and research on radiation effects in amphibians is scarce. We used multiple endpoints to assess the radiosensitivity of the southern toad (Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris) during its pre-terrestrial stages of development –embryonic, larval, and metamorphic. Toads were exposed, from several hours after oviposition through metamorphosis (up to 77 days later), to four low dose rates of ¹³?Cs at 0.13, 2.4, 21, and 222 mGy d?¹, resulting in total doses up to 15.8 Gy. Radiation treatments did notmore »affect hatching success of embryos, larval survival, or the length of the larval period. The individual family variation in hatching success of embryos was larger than the radiation response. In contrast, newly metamorphosed individuals from the higher dose-rate treatments had higher mass and mass/length body indices, a measure which may relate to higher post-metamorphic survival. The increased mass and index at higher dose rates may indicate that the chronic, low dose rate radiation exposures triggered secondary responses. Additionally, the increases in growth were linked to a decrease in DNA damage (as measured by the Comet Assay) in red blood cells at a dose rate of 21mGy d?¹ and a total dose of 1.1 Gy. In conclusion, the complex effects of low dose rates of ionizing radiation may trigger growth and cellular repair mechanisms in amphibian larvae.« less

  2. Integrating High Penetrations of PV into Southern California: Year 2 Project Update; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mather, B.; Neal, R.

    2012-08-01

    Southern California Edison (SCE) is well into a five-year project to install a total of 500 MW of distributed photovoltaic (PV) energy within its utility service territory. Typical installations to date are 1-3 MW peak rooftop PV systems that interconnect to medium-voltage urban distribution circuits or larger (5 MW peak) ground-mounted systems that connect to medium-voltage rural distribution circuits. Some of the PV system interconnections have resulted in distribution circuits that have a significant amount of PV generation compared to customer load, resulting in high-penetration PV integration scenarios. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and SCE have assembled a team of distribution modeling, resource assessment, and PV inverter technology experts in order to investigate a few of the high-penetration PV distribution circuits. Currently, the distribution circuits being studied include an urban circuit with a PV penetration of approximately 46% and a rural circuit with a PV penetration of approximately 60%. In both cases, power flow on the circuit reverses direction, compared to traditional circuit operation, during periods of high PV power production and low circuit loading. Research efforts during year two of the five-year project were focused on modeling the distribution system level impacts of high-penetration PV integrations, the development and installation of distribution circuit data acquisition equipment appropriate for quantifying the impacts of high-penetration PV integrations, and investigating high-penetration PV impact mitigation strategies. This paper outlines these research efforts and discusses the following activities in more detail: the development of a quasi-static time-series test feeder for evaluating high-penetration PV integration modeling tools; the advanced inverter functions being investigated for deployment in the project's field demonstration and a power hardware-in-loop test of a 500-kW PV inverter implementing a limited set of advanced inverter functions.

  3. Windflow circulation patterns in a blowout in coastal dunes along the southern shore of Lake Michigan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauch, N.J.; Bennett, S.; Ferguson, V.; Fraser, G.S.; Gellasch, C.A.; Millard, C.L.; Mueller, B.; O'Malley, P.J.; Way, J.N.; Woodfield, M.C. (Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Dept. of Geosciences)

    1993-03-01

    The windflow patterns in one of several large active blowouts in the coastal dunes along the southern shore of Lake Michigan was intensively monitored over a two-day period. Two wind towers, consisting of four sets of anemometer cups mounted at 20-, 40-, 80, and 160-cm heights above the base, were used to provide a velocity profile from which basal shear velocities could be calculated. A wind vane was mounted at the top of the tower to monitor wind directions. Data was collected continuously with digital data loggers and averaged over 1-min intervals, and each station was occupied for a 5-min period. The topography of the blowout was mapped with a transit, which also was used to establish the position and elevation of the authors data-collecting stations. Photomosaics were used to prepare a map of the geomorphic elements. The elliptical blowout is 100m long and approximately 25m wide. Its floor drops slightly in elevation from the mouth, and then rises to a height of 32 meters at the back wall. The walls of the blowout assume smooth parabolic shapes except where undercutting at the margins has produced several large slump blocks. Windflow entering the blowout at the mouth and sides separates at the point of maximum expansion and veers as much as 100[degree]. Maximum velocities occur at the point of reattachment, and deceleration occurs as the wind proceeds into the blowout. Axial flows may accelerate toward the back wall where flow compression occurs. Flows entering the blowout at the back wall separate at the margin. As they overflow the blowout, they produce a reverse flow circulation that is strongest near the mouth and decelerates rapidly up the axis.

  4. Pollutant Exposures from Natural Gas Cooking Burners: A Simulation-Based Assessment for Southern California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logue, Jennifer M.; Klepeis, Neil E.; Lobscheid, Agnes B.; Singer, Brett C.

    2014-06-01

    Residential natural gas cooking burners (NGCBs) can emit substantial quantities of pollutants and they are typically used without venting. The objective of this study is to quantify pollutant concentrations and occupant exposures resulting from NGCB use in California homes. A mass balance model was applied to estimate time-dependent pollutant concentrations throughout homes and the "exposure concentrations" experienced by individual occupants. The model was applied to estimate nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}), carbon monoxide (CO), and formaldehyde (HCHO) concentrations for one week each in summer and winter for a representative sample of Southern California homes. The model simulated pollutant emissions from NGCBs, NO{sub 2} and CO entry from outdoors, dilution throughout the home, and removal by ventilation and deposition. Residence characteristics and outdoor concentrations of CO and NO{sub 2} were obtained from available databases. Ventilation rates, occupancy patterns, and burner use were inferred from household characteristics. Proximity to the burner(s) and the benefits of using venting range hoods were also explored. Replicate model executions using independently generated sets of stochastic variable values yielded estimated pollutant concentration distributions with geometric means varying less than 10%. The simulation model estimates that in homes using NGCBs without coincident use of venting range hoods, 62%, 9%, and 53% of occupants are routinely exposed to NO{sub 2}, CO, and HCHO levels that exceed acute health-based standards and guidelines. NGCB use increased the sample median of the highest simulated 1-hr indoor concentrations by 100, 3000, and 20 ppb for NO{sub 2}, CO, and HCHO, respectively. Reducing pollutant exposures from NGCBs should be a public health priority. Simulation results suggest that regular use of even moderately effective venting range hoods would dramatically reduce the percentage of homes in which concentrations exceed health-based standards.

  5. Multi-level effects of low dose rate ionizing radiation on southern toad, Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Stark, Karolina [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden); Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Scott, David E. [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Tsyusko, Olga [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Coughlin, Daniel P. [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Hinton, Thomas G. [Univ. of Georgia, Aiken, SC (United States); Inst. of Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety, Cadarache (France); Amendola, Roberto [ENEA, (Italy)

    2015-04-30

    Despite their potential vulnerability to contaminants from exposure at multiple life stages, amphibians are one of the least studied groups of vertebrates in ecotoxicology, and research on radiation effects in amphibians is scarce. We used multiple endpoints to assess the radiosensitivity of the southern toad (Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris) during its pre-terrestrial stages of development –embryonic, larval, and metamorphic. Toads were exposed, from several hours after oviposition through metamorphosis (up to 77 days later), to four low dose rates of ¹³?Cs at 0.13, 2.4, 21, and 222 mGy d?¹, resulting in total doses up to 15.8 Gy. Radiation treatments did not affect hatching success of embryos, larval survival, or the length of the larval period. The individual family variation in hatching success of embryos was larger than the radiation response. In contrast, newly metamorphosed individuals from the higher dose-rate treatments had higher mass and mass/length body indices, a measure which may relate to higher post-metamorphic survival. The increased mass and index at higher dose rates may indicate that the chronic, low dose rate radiation exposures triggered secondary responses. Additionally, the increases in growth were linked to a decrease in DNA damage (as measured by the Comet Assay) in red blood cells at a dose rate of 21mGy d?¹ and a total dose of 1.1 Gy. In conclusion, the complex effects of low dose rates of ionizing radiation may trigger growth and cellular repair mechanisms in amphibian larvae.

  6. An Investigation of Gravitational Lensing in the Southern BL Lac PKS 0537-441

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. F. Lewis; R. A. Ibata

    1999-08-16

    The BL-Lac family of active galaxies possess almost featureless spectra and exhibit rapid variability over their entire spectral range. A number of models have been developed to explain these extreme properties, several of which have invoked the action of microlensing by sub-stellar mass objects in a foreground galaxy; this not only introduces variability, but also amplifies an otherwise normal quasar source. Here we present recent spectroscopy and photometry of the southern BL Lac PKS 0537-441; with an inferred redshift of z~0.9 it represents one of the most distant and most luminous members of the BL Lac family. The goal of the observations was not only to confirm the redshift of PKS~0537-441, but also to determine the redshift of a putative galaxy along the line of sight to the BL-Lac; it has been proposed that this galaxy is the host of microlensing stars that account for PKS 0537-441's extreme properties. While several observations have failed to detect any extended emission in PKS 0537-441, the HST imaging data presented here indicate the presence of a galactic component, although we fail to identify any absorption features that reveal the redshift of the emission. It is also noted that PKS 0537-441 is accompanied by several small, but extended companions, located a few arcseconds from the point-like BL-Lac source. Two possibilities present themselves; either they represent true companions of PKS 0537-441, or are themselves gravitationally lensed images of more distant sources.

  7. Founding BRCA1 mutations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer in southern Sweden

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johannsson, O.; Hakansson, S.; Johannson, U.

    1996-03-01

    Nine different germ-line mutations in the BRCA1 breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene were identified in 15 of 47 kindreds from southern Sweden, by use of SSCP and heteroduplex analysis of all exons and flanking intron region and by a protein-truncation test for exon 11, followed by direct sequencing. All but one of the mutations are predicted to give rise to premature translation termination and include seven frameshift insertions or deletions, a nonsense mutation, and a splice acceptor site mutation. The remaining mutation is a missense mutation (Cys61Gly) in the zinc-binding motif. Four novel Swedish founding mutations were identified: the nucleotide 2595 deletion A was found in five families, the C 1806 T nonsense mutation in three families, the 3166 insertion TGAGA in three families, and the nucleotide 1201 deletion 11 in two families. Analysis of the intragenic polymorphism D17S855 supports common origins of the mutations. Eleven of the 15 kindreds manifesting BRCA1 mutations were breast-ovarian cancer families, several of them with a predominant ovarian cancer phenotype. The set of 32 families in which no BRCA1 alterations were detected included 1 breast-ovarian cancer kindred manifesting clear linkage to the BRCA1 region and loss of the wild-type chromosome in associated tumors. Other tumor types found in BRCA1 mutation/haplotype carriers included prostatic, pancreas, skin, and lung cancer, a malignant melanoma, an oligodendroglioma, and a carcinosarcoma. In all, 12 of 16 kindreds manifesting BRCA1 mutation or linkage contained ovarian cancer, as compared with only 6 of the remaining 31 families (P < .001). The present study confirms the involvement of BRCA1 in disease predisposition for a subset of hereditary breast cancer families often characterized by ovarian cancers. 28 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  8. Stevens and earlier miocene turbidite sandstones, southern San Joaquin Valley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, G.W.

    1981-03-01

    A thick marine turbidite succession, dominantly coarse sandstone, underlies the southern part of the San Joaquin Valley. Sands are pebbly to fine grained, commonly poorly sorted, quartzose to arkosic, and are interbedded with dark shales bearing deep-water foraminifers. Graded bedding is common and, with the depths of 2000 to 6000 ft (610 to 1830 m) implied by the fauna, is taken to indicate a turbidity-current origin for most of the sands. The upper, middle, and lower Miocene turbidite section was revealed by extensive coring at Paloma, and is similar to the more widespread and oil and gas productive upper Miocene Stevens sandstone. The central-basin Stevens was deposited as channel sands on deep-sea fans derived from several discrete troughs or canyons on the eastern and southeastern margin of the basin prior to their burial by prograding Santa Margarita sand. Sand channels and lobes in the Bakersfield arch area were controlled locally by compaction structures. The rising Paloma anticline deflected Stevens sands for a time and the very last sands were guided also by incipient folds on the outer Bakersfield arch. Coarse Stevens conglomerates and sands shed from the emergent Temblor Range were deflected by the Buena Vista Hills, Elk Hills, and other anticlinal shoals and were deposited in intervening gaps as thick oil-productive channel sands. They merge with sands from the east side in flowing axially into the distal northwestern basin. Facies recognized in the subsurface include a meander-channel facies developed in the prograded muddy slope area upstream from the massive braided-sand facies.

  9. Forestry herbicide influences on biodiversity and wildlife habitats in Southern forests.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Karl V.

    2004-01-01

    Abstract In the southern United States, herbicide use continues to increase for timber management in commercial pine (Pinus spp.) plantations, for modifying wildlife habitats, and for invasive plant control. Several studies have reported that single applications of forestry herbicides at stand initiation have minor and temporary impacts on plant communities and wildlife habitat conditions, with some reports of enhanced habitat conditions for both game and nongame species. Due to the high resiliency of floral communities, plant species richness and diversity rebound rapidly after single herbicide treatments, with short- and long-term compositional shifts according to the selectivity and efficacy of the herbicide used. Recently, however, a shift to the Southeast in North American timber supplies has resulted in increased forest management intensity. Current site-preparation techniques rely on herbicide combinations, often coupled with mechanical treatments and >1 years of post-planting applications to enhance the spectrum and duration of vegetation control. This near-total control of associated vegetation at establishment and more rapid pine canopy closure, coupled with shortened and repeated rotations, likely will affect plant diversity and wildlife habitat quality. Development of mitigation methods at the stand and landscape levels will be required to minimize vegetative and wildlife impacts while allowing continued improvement in pine productivity. More uncertain are long-term impacts of increasing invasive plant occupation and the projected increase in herbicide use that will be needed to reverse this worsening situation. In addition, the potential of herbicides to meet wildlife management objectives in areas where traditional techniques have high social costs (e.g., prescribed fire) should be fully explored.

  10. Forestry herbicide influences on biodiversity and wildlife habitat in Southern forests.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Karl V.; Miller, James, H.

    2004-07-01

    Abstract In the southern United States, herbicide use continues to increase for timber management in commercial pine (Pinus spp.) plantations, for modifying wildlife habitats, and for invasive plant control. Several studies have reported that single applications of forestry herbicides at stand initiation have minor and temporary impacts on plant communities and wildlife habitat conditions, with some reports of enhanced habitat conditions for both game and nongame species. Due to the high resiliency of floral communities, plant species richness and diversity rebound rapidly after single herbicide treatments, with short- and long-term compositional shifts according to the selectivity and efficacy of the herbicide used. Recently, however, a shift to the Southeast in North American timber supplies has resulted in increased forest management intensity. Current site-preparation techniques rely on herbicide combinations, often coupled with mechanical treatments and >1 years of post-planting applications to enhance the spectrum and duration of vegetation control. This near-total control of associated vegetation at establishment and more rapid pine canopy closure, coupled with shortened and repeated rotations, likely will affect plant diversity and wildlife habitat quality. Development of mitigation methods at the stand and landscape levels will be required to minimize vegetative and wildlife impacts while allowing continued improvement in pine productivity. More uncertain are long-term impacts of increasing invasive plant occupation and the projected increase in herbicide use that will be needed to reverse this worsening situation. In addition, the potential of herbicides to meet wildlife management objectives in areas where traditional techniques have high social costs (e.g., prescribed fire) should be fully explored.

  11. A spectroscopic survey of WISE-selected obscured quasars with the southern african large telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hainline, Kevin N.; Hickox, Ryan C.; Carroll, Christopher M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Myers, Adam D.; DiPompeo, Michael A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071 (United States); Trouille, Laura [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, The Adler Planetarium, Chicago, IL 60605 (United States)

    2014-11-10

    We present the results of an optical spectroscopic survey of a sample of 40 candidate obscured quasars identified on the basis of their mid-infrared emission detected by the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Optical spectra for this survey were obtained using the Robert Stobie Spectrograph on the Southern African Large Telescope. Our sample was selected with WISE colors characteristic of active galactic nuclei (AGNs), as well as red optical to mid-IR colors indicating that the optical/UV AGN continuum is obscured by dust. We obtain secure redshifts for the majority of the objects that comprise our sample (35/40), and find that sources that are bright in the WISE W4 (22 ?m) band are typically at moderate redshift ((z) = 0.35) while sources fainter in W4 are at higher redshifts ((z) = 0.73). The majority of the sources have narrow emission lines with optical colors and emission line ratios of our WISE-selected sources that are consistent with the locus of AGN on the rest-frame g – z color versus [Ne III] ?3869/[O II] ??3726+3729 line ratio diagnostic diagram. We also use empirical AGN and galaxy templates to model the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for the objects in our sample, and find that while there is significant variation in the observed SEDs for these objects, the majority require a strong AGN component. Finally, we use the results from our analysis of the optical spectra and the SEDs to compare our selection criteria to alternate criteria presented in the literature. These results verify the efficacy of selecting luminous obscured AGNs based on their WISE colors.

  12. Vulnerability of crops and native grasses to summer drying in the U.S. Southern Great Plains

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Raz-Yaseef, Naama; Billesbach, Dave P.; Fischer, Marc L.; Biraud, Sebastien C.; Gunter, Stacey A.; Bradford, James A.; Torn, Margaret S.

    2015-08-31

    The Southern Great Plains are characterized by a fine-scale mixture of different land-cover types, predominantly winter-wheat and grazed pasture, with relatively small areas of other crops, native prairie, and switchgrass. Recent droughts and predictions of increased drought in the Southern Great Plains, especially during the summer months, raise concern for these ecosystems. We measured ecosystem carbon and water fluxes with eddy-covariance systems over cultivated cropland for 10 years, and over lightly grazed prairie and new switchgrass fields for 2 years each. Growing-season precipitation showed the strongest control over net carbon uptake for all ecosystems, but with a variable effect: grassesmore »(prairie and switchgrass) needed at least 350 mm of precipitation during the growing season to become net carbon sinks, while crops needed only 100 mm. In summer, high temperatures enhanced evaporation and led to higher likelihood of dry soil conditions. Therefore, summer-growing native prairie species and switchgrass experienced more seasonal droughts than spring-growing crops. For wheat, the net reduction in carbon uptake resulted mostly from a decrease in gross primary production rather than an increase in respiration. Flux measurements suggested that management practices for crops were effective in suppressing evapotranspiration and decomposition (by harvesting and removing secondary growth), and in increasing carbon uptake (by fertilizing and conserving summer soil water). In light of future projections for wetter springs and drier and warmer summers in the Southern Great Plains, our study indicates an increased vulnerability in native ecosystems and summer crops over time.« less

  13. Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of Texas Southern High Plains Wheat Farms. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, James W.; Smith, Edward G.

    1985-01-01

    the relative magnitude of real financial growth. ? Acres owned, leased, and controlled at the end of the planning horizon for each iteration indicate the impacts of alternative scenarios on the rate of growth for representative farms. These three statistics...~ :) ,'---( _..----' I ... - Impacts of Farm Policies and Technology on the Economic Viability of Southern High Plains Wheat Farms tiD'" A".,V SEP 04 1985 8-1506 August 1985 THE TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION/Neville P. Clarke, DirectorlThe Texas A...

  14. Geologic Controls of Hydrocarbon Occurrence in the Appalachian Basin in Eastern Tennessee, Southwestern Virginia, Eastern Kentucky, and Southern West Virginia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatcher, Robert D

    2005-11-30

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of a three-year program to investigate the geologic controls of hydrocarbon occurrence in the southern Appalachian basin in eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, and southern West Virginia. The project: (1) employed the petroleum system approach to understand the geologic controls of hydrocarbons; (2) attempted to characterize the P-T parameters driving petroleum evolution; (3) attempted to obtain more quantitative definitions of reservoir architecture and identify new traps; (4) is worked with USGS and industry partners to develop new play concepts and geophysical log standards for subsurface correlation; and (5) geochemically characterized the hydrocarbons (cooperatively with USGS). Third-year results include: All project milestones have been met and addressed. We also have disseminated this research and related information through presentations at professional meetings, convening a major workshop in August 2003, and the publication of results. Our work in geophysical log correlation in the Middle Ordovician units is bearing fruit in recognition that the criteria developed locally in Tennessee and southern Kentucky are more extendible than anticipated earlier. We have identified a major 60 mi-long structure in the western part of the Valley and Ridge thrust belt that has been successfully tested by a local independent and is now producing commercial amounts of hydrocarbons. If this structure is productive along strike, it will be one of the largest producing structures in the Appalachians. We are completing a more quantitative structural reconstruction of the Valley and Ridge and Cumberland Plateau than has been made before. This should yield major dividends in future exploration in the southern Appalachian basin. Our work in mapping, retrodeformation, and modeling of the Sevier basin is a major component of the understanding of the Ordovician petroleum system in this region. Prior to our undertaking this project, this system was the least understood in the Appalachian basin. This project, in contrast to many if not most programs undertaken in DOE laboratories, has a major educational component wherein three Ph.D. students have been partially supported by this grant, one M.S. student partially supported, and another M.S. student fully supported by the project. These students will be well prepared for professional careers in the oil and gas industry.

  15. Customer Impact Evaluation for the 2009 Southern California Edison Participating Load Pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gifford, William; Bodmann, Shawn; Young, Paul; Eto, Joseph H.; Laundergan, Jeremy

    2010-05-28

    The 2009 Participating Load Pilot Customer Impact Evaluation provides evidence that short duration demand response events which cycle off air conditioners for less than thirty minutes in a hot, dry environment do not lead to a significant degradation in the comfort level of residents participating in the program. This was investigated using: (1) Analysis of interval temperature data collected from inside residences of select program participants; and (2) Direct and indirect customer feedback from surveys designed and implemented by Southern California Edison at the conclusion of the program season. There were 100 indoor temperature monitors that were acquired by LBNL for this study that transmitted temperature readings at least once per hour with corresponding timestamps during the program season, June-October, 2009. Recorded temperatures were transferred from the onsite telemetry devices to a mesh network, stored, and then delivered to KEMA for analysis. Following an extensive data quality review, temperature increases during each of the thirty demand response test events were calculated for each device. The results are as follows: (1) Even for tests taking place during outside temperatures in excess of 100 degrees Fahrenheit, over 85 percent of the devices measured less than a 0.5 degree Fahrenheit temperature increase indoors during the duration of the event. (2) For the increases that were observed, none was more than 5 degrees and it was extremely rare for increases to be more than 2 degrees. At the end of the testing season SCE and KEMA designed and conducted a survey of the a facilities and public works managers and approximately 100 customers feedback survey to assess the extent the PLP events were noticed or disrupted the comfort level of participants. While only a small sampling of 3 managers and 16 customer surveys were completed, their responses indicate: (1) No customer reported even a moderate level of discomfort from the cycling-off of their air conditioners during test events; and (2) Very few customers noticed any of the thirty events at all. The results of this study suggest that the impacts on comfort from short-duration interruptions of air-conditioners, even in very hot climates, are for the most part very modest, if they are even noticed at all. Still, we should expect that these impacts will increase with longer interruptions of air-conditioning. By the same token, we should also expect that they will be less significant in cooler climates.

  16. A comparison of observed and modeled surface waves in southern Lake Michigan and the implications for models of sediment resuspension.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawley, N.; Lesht, B. M.; Schwab, D. J.; Environmental Research; Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab

    2004-06-25

    Subsurface pressure sensors were used to make measurements of surface waves during 18 deployments in southern Lake Michigan between 1998 and 2000. Most of the observations were made during the unstratified period (November--May) in water depths between 10 and 55 m. The observations (as well as those obtained from the National Data Buoy Center (NDBC) buoy 45007, which is located in the middle of the southern basin of the lake) were compared to the results obtained from the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL)-Donelan wave model implemented on a 2-km grid. The results show that the wave model does a good job of calculating the wave heights, but consistently underestimates the wave periods. In over 80% of the cases the bottom stresses calculated from both the observations and the wave model results agree as to whether or not resuspension occurs, but over 70% of this agreement is for cases when resuspension does not occur; both stresses predict resuspension about 6% of the time. Since the bottom stresses calculated from the model results are usually lower than those calculated from the observations, resuspension estimates based on the wave model parameters are also lower than those calculated from the observed waves.

  17. The solar neighborhood. XXXV. Distances to 1404 M dwarf systems within 25 PC in the southern sky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winters, Jennifer G.; Jao, Wei-Chun; Dieterich, Sergio B., E-mail: winters@astro.gsu.edu, E-mail: jao@astro.gsu.edu, E-mail: dieterich@astro.gsu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4106 (United States); and others

    2015-01-01

    We present trigonometric, photometric, and photographic distances to 1748 southern (??0{sup ?}) M dwarf systems with ??0{sub ?}{sup ??}18 yr{sup ?1}, of which 1404 are believed to lie within 25 pc of the Sun. The stars have 6.67?V{sub J}?21.38 and 3.50?(V{sub J}?K{sub s})?9.27, covering the entire M dwarf spectral sequence from M0.0 V through M9.5 V. This sample therefore provides a comprehensive snapshot of our current knowledge of the southern sky for the nearest M dwarfs that dominate the stellar population of the Galaxy. Roughly one-third of the 1748 systems, each of which has an M dwarf primary, have published high quality parallaxes, including 179 from the REsearch Consortium On Nearby Stars astrometry program. For the remaining systems, we offer photometric distance estimates that have well-calibrated errors. The bulk of these (?700) are based on new V{sub J}R{sub KC}I{sub KC} photometry acquired at the CTIO/SMARTS 0.9 m telescope, while the remaining 500 primaries have photographic plate distance estimates calculated using SuperCOSMOS B{sub J}R{sub 59F}I{sub IVN} photometry. Confirmed and candidate subdwarfs in the sample have been identified, and a census of companions is included.

  18. Winker, K. 1995. Neotropical stopover sites and Middle American migrations: the view from southern Mexico. Pp. 150-163 in M. Wilson, and S. Sader (eds.) Conservation of Neotropical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winker, Kevin

    Neotropical Stopover Sites and Middle American Migrations: The View from Southern Mexico Kevin Winker ABSTRACTWinker, K. 1995. Neotropical stopover sites and Middle American migrations: the view from southern Mexico. Pp. 150-163 in M. Wilson, and S. Sader (eds.) Conservation of Neotropical migratory birds

  19. Coal supply/demand, 1980 to 2000. Task 3. Resource applications industrialization system data base. Final review draft. [USA; forecasting 1980 to 2000; sector and regional analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fournier, W.M.; Hasson, V.

    1980-10-10

    This report is a compilation of data and forecasts resulting from an analysis of the coal market and the factors influencing supply and demand. The analyses performed for the forecasts were made on an end-use-sector basis. The sectors analyzed are electric utility, industry demand for steam coal, industry demand for metallurgical coal, residential/commercial, coal demand for synfuel production, and exports. The purpose is to provide coal production and consumption forecasts that can be used to perform detailed, railroad company-specific coal transportation analyses. To make the data applicable for the subsequent transportation analyses, the forecasts have been made for each end-use sector on a regional basis. The supply regions are: Appalachia, East Interior, West Interior and Gulf, Northern Great Plains, and Mountain. The demand regions are the same as the nine Census Bureau regions. Coal production and consumption in the United States are projected to increase dramatically in the next 20 years due to increasing requirements for energy and the unavailability of other sources of energy to supply a substantial portion of this increase. Coal comprises 85 percent of the US recoverable fossil energy reserves and could be mined to supply the increasing energy demands of the US. The NTPSC study found that the additional traffic demands by 1985 may be met by the railways by the way of improved signalization, shorter block sections, centralized traffic control, and other modernization methods without providing for heavy line capacity works. But by 2000 the incremental traffic on some of the major corridors was projected to increase very significantly and is likely to call for special line capacity works involving heavy investment.

  20. Talley, L.D. 2013. Closure of the global overturning circulation through the Indian, Pacific, and Southern Oceans: Schematics and transports. Oceanography 26(1):8097,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talley, Lynne D.

    , Pacific, and Southern Oceans: Schematics and transports. Oceanography 26(1):80­97, http://dx.doi.org/10 in Oceanography, Volume 26, Number 1, a quarterly journal of e Oceanography Society. Copyright 2013 by e Oceanography Society. All rights reserved. USAGE Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching

  1. In Situ Observations of Sediment Resuspension in a Non-Depositional Region of Southern Lake Michigan: A Comparison of Spring and Fall Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Episodic Events

    In Situ Observations of Sediment Resuspension in a Non-Depositional Region of Southern Lake-bottom conditions and sediment resuspension in Lake Michigan have concentrated on areas of high sediment deposition that the apparently recurrent winter-spring resuspension event (misnamed "plume") includes new material eroded from

  2. One-Pot Methamphetamine Cooks Pose New Danger Law enforcement in Southern Illinois are reporting that they are finding full blown methamphetamine cooks taking place in Coleman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    One-Pot Methamphetamine Cooks Pose New Danger Law enforcement in Southern Illinois are reporting. Inexperienced officers have picked these items up and moved them around without knowing the dangers involved. The idea is to reduce the amount of time needed for the overall process. The danger to subjects and to law

  3. 2006-2007 Special Projects Kissel: Video Education and Marketing for Soil Testing as a Best Management Practice in the Southern

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    soils. Osmond: Extending Information Developed by the Nutrient Management Team: P Index The Southern, undoubtedly, have national impact on the P-Index debate; results show significantly different P-Index ratings between state USDA-NRCS 590 standards. The paper is very long and it is anticipated that it will cost

  4. Hypsilara royi gen. n. and sp. n. (Coleoptera, Elmidae, Larainae) from Southern Venezuela, with a revised key to Larainae of the Western Hemisphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maier, Crystal A.; Spangler, Paul J.

    2011-07-07

    Here we describe a new genus, for a new species of riffle beetle, Hypsilara royi gen. n. and sp. n., from the tepui Cerro de la Neblina in southern Venezuela. This new genus can be distinguished from all other laraine genera by its small size (ca. 4...

  5. Anniversary Conference of the Southern African Society for Biosystematic SASSB conference at Illovo Beach, KwaZulu-Natal, 21-25th July 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10th Anniversary Conference of the Southern African Society for Biosystematic Biology SASSB conference at Illovo Beach, KwaZulu-Natal, 21-25th July 2009 Prepared by Francois Boshoff In July, the 18-monthly Conference of the South African Society for Systematic Biologists (SASSB), hosted by the School

  6. All majors in geology are required to complete GLY 4750 (Field Methods) which includes classroom lectures on Appalachian Geology, a nine day trip to the Southern Appalachians, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    All majors in geology are required to complete GLY 4750 (Field Methods) which includes classroom lectures on Appalachian Geology, a nine day trip to the Southern Appalachians, and two oneday field trips geological data and interpretations, and requires the student to demonstrate proficiency in integrating

  7. Comparison of CERES-MODIS stratus cloud properties with ground-based measurements at the DOE ARM Southern Great Plains site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dong, Xiquan

    Comparison of CERES-MODIS stratus cloud properties with ground- based measurements at the DOE ARM are compared with observations taken at the Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains site from March 2000 through December 2004. Retrievals from ARM surface-based data

  8. Merguerian, Charles, 1986c, The bedrock geology of New York City (abs.): Abstracts with Programs, Symposium on The Geology of Southern New York, Hofstra University, p. 8.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merguerian, Charles

    Merguerian, Charles, 1986c, The bedrock geology of New York City (abs.): Abstracts with Programs, Symposium on The Geology of Southern New York, Hofstra University, p. 8. Detailed mapping and sampling, and NW trends. Recent seismicity in southeastern New York has refocused attention on these faults

  9. 10.1177/0270467603256088ARTICLEBULLETIN OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY & SOCIETY / August 2003Kulkarni / CLIMATE CHANGE TREATY NEGOTIA-TIONS A Southern Critique of the Globalist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    / CLIMATE CHANGE TREATY NEGOTIA-TIONS A Southern Critique of the Globalist Assumptions About Technology equitable solutions for develop- ing countries. Keywords: Kyoto Protocol, climate change, technology (United Nations, 1997). Technology Transfer in Global Climate Change Policy To make the GHG abatement

  10. Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: Spectroscopy of Stars Earlier than M0 within 40 parsecs: The Southern Sample

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. O. Gray; C. J. Corbally; R. F. Garrison; M. T. McFadden; E. J. Bubar; C. E. McGahee; A. A. O'Donoghue; E. R. Knox

    2006-03-28

    We are obtaining spectra, spectral types and basic physical parameters for the nearly 3600 dwarf and giant stars earlier than M0 in the Hipparcos catalog within 40pc of the Sun. Here we report on results for 1676 stars in the southern hemisphere observed at Cerro Tololo Interamerican Observatory and Steward Observatory. These results include new, precise, homogeneous spectral types, basic physical parameters (including the effective temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity, [M/H]) and measures of the chromospheric activity of our program stars. We include notes on astrophysically interesting stars in this sample, the metallicity distribution of the solar neighborhood and a table of solar analogues. We also demonstrate that the bimodal nature of the distribution of the chromospheric activity parameter log R'HK depends strongly on the metallicity, and we explore the nature of the ``low-metallicity'' chromospherically active K-type dwarfs.

  11. Status of non-electric use of geothermal energy in the Southern Negros geothermal field in the Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chua, S.E.; Abito, G.F. [Philippine National Oil Co., Quezon City (Philippines)

    1994-07-01

    A 1-MWt multi-crop drying facility using low-enthalpy waste geothermal heat is installed within the vicinity of the Southern Negros Geothermal Project (January, 1994). The plant is envisioned to demonstrate the direct use of geothermal resources for agro-industrial purposes and at the same time, provide major benefits by raising the quality of the agro-industrial products to meet higher standards. The development and design of the heat exchangers that supply the heat and the dryer used in the facility is presented. The process flow and the dryer parameters in the drying of coconut meat and other crops have been determined. The initial design of the dryers target the dehydration of coconut meat and other crops using boxes and trays.

  12. Shear Wave Velocity Structure of Southern African Crust: Evidence for Compositional Heterogeneity within Archaean and Proterozoic Terrains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kgaswane, E M; Nyblade, A A; Julia, J; Dirks, P H H M; Durrheim, R J; Pasyanos, M E

    2008-11-11

    Crustal structure in southern Africa has been investigated by jointly inverting receiver functions and Rayleigh wave group velocities for 89 broadband seismic stations spanning much of the Precambrian shield of southern Africa. 1-D shear wave velocity profiles obtained from the inversion yield Moho depths that are similar to those reported in previous studies and show considerable variability in the shear wave velocity structure of the lower part of the crust between some terrains. For many of the Archaean and Proterozoic terrains in the shield, S velocities reach 4.0 km/s or higher over a substantial part of the lower crust. However, for most of the Kimberley terrain and adjacent parts of the Kheis Province and Witwatersrand terrain, as well as for the western part of the Tokwe terrain, mean shear wave velocities of {le} 3.9 km/s characterize the lower part of the crust along with slightly ({approx}5 km) thinner crust. These findings indicate that the lower crust across much of the shield has a predominantly mafic composition, except for the southwest portion of the Kaapvaal Craton and western portion of the Zimbabwe Craton, where the lower crust is intermediate-to-felsic in composition. The parts of the Kaapvaal Craton underlain by intermediate-to-felsic lower crust coincide with regions where Ventersdorp rocks have been preserved, and thus we suggest that the intermediate-to-felsic composition of the lower crust and the shallower Moho may have resulted from crustal melting during the Ventersdorp tectonomagmatic event at c. 2.7 Ga and concomitant crustal thinning caused by rifting.

  13. Ethane enrichment and propane depletion in subsurface gases indicate gas hydrate occurrence in marine sediments at southern Hydrate Ridge offshore Oregon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milkov, Alexei V.; Claypool, G E.; Lee, Young-Joo; Torres, Marta E.; Borowski, W S.; Tomaru, H; Sassen, Roger; Long, Philip E.

    2004-07-02

    The recognition of finely disseminated gas hydrate in deep marine sediments heavily depends on various indirect techniques because this mineral quickly decomposes upon recovery from in situ pressure and temperature conditions. Here, we discuss molecular properties of closely spaced gas voids (formed as a result of core recovery) and gas hydrates from an area of relatively low gas flux at the flanks of the southern Hydrate Ridge Offshore Oregon (ODP Sites 1244, 1245 and 1247).

  14. Southern Galactic Plane Survey Measurements of the Spatial Power Spectrum of Interstellar H I in the Inner Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John M. Dickey; N. M. McClure-Griffiths; Snezana Stanimirovic; B. M. Gaensler; A. J. Green

    2001-07-31

    Using data from the Southern Galactic Plane Survey we have measured the spatial power spectrum of the interstellar neutral atomic hydrogen in the fourth Galactic quadrant. This function shows the same power law behavior that has been found for H I in the second quadrant of the Milky Way and in the Magellanic Clouds, with the same slope. When we average over velocity intervals broader than the typical small-scale velocity dispersion, we find that the slope steepens, from approx. -3 to -4 for the warm gas, as predicted by theories of interstellar turbulence if the column density fluctuations are dominated by variations in the gas density on small spatial scales. The cool gas shows a different increase of slope, that suggests that it is in the regime of turbulence dominated by fluctuations in the velocity field. Overall, these results confirm that the small scale structure and motions in the neutral atomic medium are well described by a turbulent cascade of kinetic energy.

  15. Numerical modeling of mixed sediment resuspension, transport, and deposition during the March 1998 episodic events in southern Lake Michigan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Cheegwan; Schwab, David J.; Beletsky, Dmitry; Stroud, Jonathan; Lesht, B. M.

    2007-02-17

    A two-dimensional sediment transport model capable of simulating sediment resuspension of mixed (cohesive+noncohesive) sediment is developed and applied to quantitatively simulate the March 1998 resuspension events in southern Lake Michigan. Some characteristics of the model are the capability to incorporate several floc size classes, a physically-based settling velocity formula, bed armoring, and sediment availability limitation. Important resuspension parameters were estimated from field and laboratory measurement data. The model reproduced the resuspension plume (observed by the SeaWIFS satellite and field instruments) and recently measured sedimentation rate distribution (using radiotracer techniques) fairly well. Model results were verified with field measurements of suspended sediment concentration and settling flux (by ADCPs and sediment traps). Both wave conditions and sediment bed properties (critical shear stress, fine sediment fraction, and limited sediment availability or source) are the critical factors that determine the concentration distribution and width of the resuspension plume. The modeled sedimentation pattern shows preferential accumulation of sediment on the eastern side of the lake, which agrees with the observed sedimentation pattern despite a predominance of particle sources from the western shoreline. The main physical mechanisms determining the sedimentation pattern are 1) the two counter-rotating circulation gyres producing offshore mass transport along the southeastern coast during northerly wind and 2) the settling velocity of sediment flocs which controls the deposition location.

  16. Numerical modeling of mixed sediment resuspension, transport, and deposition during the March 1998 episodic events in southern Lake Michigan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, C.; Schwab, D. J.; Beletsky, D.; Stroud, J.; Lesht, B.; PNNL; NOAA; Univ. of Michigan; Univ. of Pennsylvania

    2007-02-17

    A two-dimensional sediment transport model capable of simulating sediment resuspension of mixed (cohesive plus noncohesive) sediment is developed and applied to quantitatively simulate the March 1998 resuspension events in southern Lake Michigan. Some characteristics of the model are the capability to incorporate several floc size classes, a physically based settling velocity formula, bed armoring, and sediment availability limitation. Important resuspension parameters were estimated from field and laboratory measurement data. The model reproduced the resuspension plume (observed by the SeaWIFS satellite and field instruments) and recently measured sedimentation rate distribution (using radiotracer techniques) fairly well. Model results were verified with field measurements of suspended sediment concentration and settling flux (by ADCPs and sediment traps). Both wave conditions and sediment bed properties (critical shear stress, fine sediment fraction, and limited sediment availability or source) are the critical factors that determine the concentration distribution and width of the resuspension plume. The modeled sedimentation pattern shows preferential accumulation of sediment on the eastern side of the lake, which agrees with the observed sedimentation pattern despite a predominance of particle sources from the western shoreline. The main physical mechanisms determining the sedimentation pattern are (1) the two counter-rotating circulation gyres producing offshore mass transport along the southeastern coast during northerly wind and (2) the settling velocity of sediment flocs which controls the deposition location.

  17. The GMRT High Resolution Southern Sky Survey for pulsars and transients -I. Survey description and initial discoveries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharyya, Bhaswati; Malenta, Mateusz; Roy, Jayanta; Chengalur, Jayaram N; Keith, Michael; Kudale, Sanjay; McLaughlin, Maura; Ransom, Scott M; Ray, Paul S; Stappers, Benjamin W

    2015-01-01

    We are conducting a survey for pulsars and transients using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT). The GMRT High Resolution Southern Sky (GHRSS) survey is an off-Galactic-plane (|b|>5) survey in the declination range -40 deg to -54 deg at 322 MHz. With the high time (up to 30.72 micro-sec) and frequency (up to 0.016275 MHz) resolution observing modes, the 5-sigma detection limit is 0.5 mJy for a 2 ms pulsar with 10% duty cycle at 322 MHz. Total GHRSS sky coverage of 2866 square-deg, will result from 1953 pointings, each covering 1.8 square-deg. The 10-sigma detection limit for a 5 ms transient burst is 1.6 Jy for the GHRSS survey. In addition, the GHRSS survey can reveal transient events like the rotating radio transients or the fast radio bursts. With 35% of the survey completed (i.e. 1000 square-deg), we report the discovery of 10 pulsars, one of which is a millisecond pulsar (MSP), this is one of the highest pulsar per square degree discovery rate for any off-Galactic plane survey. We re-detected 23 k...

  18. Interpretation of recent seismic data from a frontier hydrocarbon province: western Rough Creek graben, southern Illinois and western Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertagne, A.J.; Pisasale, E.T.; Leising, T.C.

    1986-05-01

    The northern basement fault of the Rough Creek graben is seismically discernible and has surface expression in the Rough Creek fault zone. The southern basement fault is not clearly defined seismically, but can be inferred from shallow faulting and gravity data. This fault is roughly coincident with the Pennyrile fault zone. Extensional faults that formed the rift boundaries were the sites of late-stage compressional and extensional tectonics. Flower structures observed along the graben boundaries probably indicate post-Pennsylvanian wrench faulting. The basement within the graben plunges north-northwest, with the lowest point occurring south of the Rough Creek fault zone. Pre-Knox sediments thicken to approximately 12,000 in this area. The Knox Megagroup thickens toward the Mississippi Embayment, ranging from 4800 ft (southeastern graben area) to more than 7000 ft (west end of graben). Upper Ordovician to Devonian units also display westward thickening. The top of the Meramecian, New Albany, Maquoketa, and the base of the Knox generate continuous, high-amplitude seismic reflections due to large impedance contrasts between clastic and carbonate units. Shallow oil and gas production (Mississippian and Pennsylvanian) is present in this area. However, deep horizons (Knox, Lower Cambrian) remain relatively untested. Potential hydrocarbon traps in the pre-Knox sequence observed on seismic include fault blocks and updip pinch-outs.

  19. Hunter-gatherer adaptations and environmental change in the southern Great Basin: The evidence from Pahute and Rainier mesas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pippin, L.C.

    1998-06-01

    This paper reviews the evidence for fluctuations in past environments in the southern Great Basin and examines how these changes may have affected the strategies followed by past hunter and gatherers in their utilization of the resources available on a highland in this region. The evidence used to reconstruct past environments for the region include botanical remains from packrat middens, pollen spectra from lake and spring deposits, faunal remains recovered from archaeological and geologic contexts, tree-ring indices from trees located in sensitive (tree-line) environments, and eolian, alluvial and fluvial sediments deposited in a variety of contexts. Interpretations of past hunter and gatherer adaptive strategies are based on a sample of 1,311 archaeological sites recorded during preconstruction surveys on Pahute and Rainier mesas in advance of the US Department of Energy`s nuclear weapons testing program. Projectile point chronologies and available tree-ring, radiocarbon, thermoluminescence and obsidian hydration dates were used to assign these archaeological sites to specific periods of use.

  20. Optical spectroscopic observations of gamma-ray blazar candidates III. The 2013/2014 campaign in the Southern Hemisphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landoni, M; Paggi, A; D'Abrusco, R; Milisavljevic, D; Masetti, N; Smith, Howard A; Tosti, G; Chomiuk, L; Strader, J; Cheung, C C

    2015-01-01

    We report the results of our exploratory program carried out with the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope aimed at associating counterparts and establishing the nature of the Fermi Unidentified gamma-ray Sources (UGS). We selected the optical counterparts of 6 UGSs from the Fermi catalog on the basis of our recently discovered tight connection between infrared and gamma-ray emission found for the gamma-ray blazars detected by the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) in its the all-sky survey. We perform for the first time a spectroscopic study of the low-energy counterparts of Fermi UGS, in the optical band, confirming the blazar-like nature for the whole sample. We also present new spectroscopic observations of 6 Active Galaxies of Uncertain type associated with Fermi sources (AGUs) that appear to be BL Lac objects. Finally, we report the spectra collected for 6 known gamma-ray blazars belonging to the Roma BZCAT that were obtained to establish their nature or better estimate their redshif...

  1. DESERT PAVEMENTS AND SOILS ON BASALTIC PYROCLASTIC DEPOSITS AT LATHROP WELLS AND RED CONE VOLCANOES, SOUTHERN NEVADA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.A. Valentine; C.D. Harrington

    2005-08-10

    Formation of desert pavement and accretionary soils are intimately linked in arid environments such as the Mojave Desert. Well-sorted fallout scoria lapilli at Lathrop Wells (75-80 ky) and Red Cone ({approx}1 Ma) volcanoes (southern Nevada) formed an excellent starting material for pavement, allowing infiltration of eolian silt and fine sand that first clogs the pore space of underlying tephra and then aggrades and develops vesicular A (Av) horizons. Variations in original pyroclast sizes provide insight into minimum and maximum clast sizes that promote pavement and soil formation: pavement becomes ineffective when clasts can saltate under the strongest winds, while clasts larger than coarse lapilli are unable to form an interlocking pavement that promotes silt accumulation (necessary for Av development). Contrary to predictions that all pavements above altitudes of {approx}400 m would have been ''reset'' in their development after late Pleistocene vegetation advances (about 15 ka), the soils and pavements show clear differences in maturity between the two volcanoes. This indicates that either the pavement soils develop slowly over many 10,000's of years and then are very stable, or that, if they are disrupted by vegetation advances, subsequent pavements are reestablished with successively more mature characteristics.

  2. Multi-level effects of low dose rate ionizing radiation on southern toad, Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stark, Karolina; Scott, David E.; Tsyusko, Olga; Coughlin, Daniel P.; Hinton, Thomas G.; Amendola, Roberto

    2015-04-30

    Despite their potential vulnerability to contaminants from exposure at multiple life stages, amphibians are one of the least studied groups of vertebrates in ecotoxicology, and research on radiation effects in amphibians is scarce. We used multiple endpoints to assess the radiosensitivity of the southern toad (Anaxyrus [Bufo] terrestris) during its pre-terrestrial stages of development –embryonic, larval, and metamorphic. Toads were exposed, from several hours after oviposition through metamorphosis (up to 77 days later), to four low dose rates of ¹³?Cs at 0.13, 2.4, 21, and 222 mGy d?¹, resulting in total doses up to 15.8 Gy. Radiation treatments did not affect hatching success of embryos, larval survival, or the length of the larval period. The individual family variation in hatching success of embryos was larger than the radiation response. In contrast, newly metamorphosed individuals from the higher dose-rate treatments had higher mass and mass/length body indices, a measure which may relate to higher post-metamorphic survival. The increased mass and index at higher dose rates may indicate that the chronic, low dose rate radiation exposures triggered secondary responses. Additionally, the increases in growth were linked to a decrease in DNA damage (as measured by the Comet Assay) in red blood cells at a dose rate of 21mGy d?¹ and a total dose of 1.1 Gy. In conclusion, the complex effects of low dose rates of ionizing radiation may trigger growth and cellular repair mechanisms in amphibian larvae.

  3. Is the “ecological and economic approach for the restoration of collapsed gullies” in Southern China really economic?

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Chengchao; Zhang, Yaoqi; Xu, Yecheng; Yang, Qichun

    2015-07-31

    Collapsed gully erosion constantly plagues the sustainability of rural areas in China. To control collapsed gully erosion, an ecological and economic approach, which uses tree plantation to gain economic benefits and control soil erosion, has been widely applied by local governments in Southern China. However, little is known about the economic feasibility of this new method. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness and economic benefits of the new method. Based on a case study in Changting County, Southeast China, two farms were selected to represent a timber tree plantation and a fruit tree plantation, respectively. Themore »Annual Capital Capitalization Method and Return on Investment (ROI) were selected to conduct cost-benefit analysis. In contrast to previous studies, we found that the new approach was far from economic. The value of the newly-built forestland in Sanzhou Village and Tufang Village is 2738 RMB ha-1 and 5477 RMB ha-1, respectively, which are extremely lower than the costs of ecological restoration. Meanwhile, the annual ROI is –3.60% and –8.90%, respectively, which is negative and also far poorer than the average value of forestry in China. The costs of conservation were substantially over the related economic benefits, and the investors would suffer from greater loss if they invested more in the conservation. Low-cost terraces with timber trees had less economic loss compared with the costly terraces with fruit tree plantation. Moreover, the cost efficiency of the new approaches in soil conservation was also greatly poorer than the conventional method. The costs of conserving one ton soil per year for conventional method, new method for planting timber trees, and planting fruit trees were 164 RMB, 696 RMB, and 11,664 RMB, respectively. Therefore, the new collapsed gully erosion control methods are uneconomic and unsuitable to be widely carried out in China in the near future.« less

  4. Structure of acostatin, a dimeric disintegrin from Southern copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix), at 1.7 Å resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moiseeva, Natalia [National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 725D, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Bau, Robert, E-mail: bau@usc.edu [Chemistry Department, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089 (United States); Swenson, Stephen D.; Markland, Francis S. Jr [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033 (United States); Choe, Jun-Yong [Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Howard Hughes Medical Institute/California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Liu, Zhi-Jie [Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 (United States); Allaire, Marc, E-mail: bau@usc.edu [National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Building 725D, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

    2008-04-01

    Two acostatin heterodimers interact together to form an ???? tetramer. Disintegrins are a family of small (4–14 kDa) proteins that bind to another class of proteins, integrins. Therefore, as integrin inhibitors, they can be exploited as anticancer and antiplatelet agents. Acostatin, an ?? heterodimeric disintegrin, has been isolated from the venom of Southern copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix). The three-dimensional structure of acostatin has been determined by macromolecular crystallography using the molecular-replacement method. The asymmetric unit of the acostatin crystals consists of two heterodimers. The structure has been refined to an R{sub work} and R{sub free} of 18.6% and 21.5%, respectively, using all data in the 20–1.7 Å resolution range. The structure of all subunits is similar and is well ordered into N-terminal and C-terminal clusters with four intramolecular disulfide bonds. The overall fold consists of short ?-sheets, each of which is formed by a pair of antiparallel ?-strands connected by ?-turns and flexible loops of different lengths. Conformational flexibility is found in the RGD loops and in the C-terminal segment. The interaction of two N-terminal clusters via two intermolecular disulfide bridges anchors the ?? chains of the acostatin dimers. The C-terminal clusters of the heterodimer project in opposite directions and form a larger angle between them in comparison with other dimeric disintegrins. Extensive interactions are observed between two heterodimers, revealing an ???? acostatin tetramer. Further experiments are required to identify whether the ???? acostatin complex plays a functional role in vivo.

  5. Structure of Acostatin, a Dimeric Disintegrin From Southern Copperhead (Agkistrodon Contortrix Contortrix), at 1.7 Angstrom Resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moiseeva, N.; Bau, R.; Swenson, S.D.; Marklund, F.S.; Jr.; Choe, J.-Y.; Liu, Z.-J.; Allaire, M.

    2009-05-26

    Disintegrins are a family of small (4-14 kDa) proteins that bind to another class of proteins, integrins. Therefore, as integrin inhibitors, they can be exploited as anticancer and antiplatelet agents. Acostatin, an {alpha}{beta} heterodimeric disintegrin, has been isolated from the venom of Southern copperhead (Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix). The three-dimensional structure of acostatin has been determined by macromolecular crystallography using the molecular-replacement method. The asymmetric unit of the acostatin crystals consists of two heterodimers. The structure has been refined to an R{sub work} and R{sub free} of 18.6% and 21.5%, respectively, using all data in the 20-1.7 {angstrom} resolution range. The structure of all subunits is similar and is well ordered into N-terminal and C-terminal clusters with four intramolecular disulfide bonds. The overall fold consists of short {beta}-sheets, each of which is formed by a pair of antiparallel {beta}-strands connected by {beta}-turns and flexible loops of different lengths. Conformational flexibility is found in the RGD loops and in the C-terminal segment. The interaction of two N-terminal clusters via two intermolecular disulfide bridges anchors the {alpha}{beta}chains of the acostatin dimers. The C-terminal clusters of the heterodimer project in opposite directions and form a larger angle between them in comparison with other dimeric disintegrins. Extensive interactions are observed between two heterodimers, revealing an {alpha}{beta}{beta}{alpha} acostatin tetramer. Further experiments are required to identify whether the {alpha}{beta}{beta}{alpha} acostatin complex plays a functional role in vivo.

  6. An ecological and range vegetation analysis of the upland sites of the southern extension of the oak-hickory forest region in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCaleb, John Earl

    1954-01-01

    a c r e s p er animal unit y e a r ................... 99 Table Page 1 AN ECOLOGICAL AND RANGE VEGETATION ANALYSIS OF THE UPLAND SITES OF THE SOUTHERN EXTENSION OF THE OAK- HICKORY FOREST REGION IN TEXAS INTRODUCTION The oak -h ick o ry fo... the nature o f the vegetational changes which are o c cu rr in g is n e c e s sa ry fo r p roper management o f these a reas as range lands. 4 OBJECTIVES The ob je c t iv es set forth in this study are th ree - fo ld : 1. To make an e co lo g...

  7. Regional CO2 and latent heat surface fluxes in the Southern Great Plains: Measurements, modeling, and scaling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riley, W. J.; Biraud, S.C.; Torn, M.S.; Fischer, M.L.; Billesbach, D.P.; Berry, J.A.

    2009-08-15

    Characterizing net ecosystem exchanges (NEE) of CO{sub 2} and sensible and latent heat fluxes in heterogeneous landscapes is difficult, yet critical given expected changes in climate and land use. We report here a measurement and modeling study designed to improve our understanding of surface to atmosphere gas exchanges under very heterogeneous land cover in the mostly agricultural U.S. Southern Great Plains (SGP). We combined three years of site-level, eddy covariance measurements in several of the dominant land cover types with regional-scale climate data from the distributed Mesonet stations and Next Generation Weather Radar precipitation measurements to calibrate a land surface model of trace gas and energy exchanges (isotope-enabled land surface model (ISOLSM)). Yearly variations in vegetation cover distributions were estimated from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer normalized difference vegetation index and compared to regional and subregional vegetation cover type estimates from the U.S. Department of Agriculture census. We first applied ISOLSM at a 250 m spatial scale to account for vegetation cover type and leaf area variations that occur on hundred meter scales. Because of computational constraints, we developed a subsampling scheme within 10 km 'macrocells' to perform these high-resolution simulations. We estimate that the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility SGP region net CO{sub 2} exchange with the local atmosphere was -240, -340, and -270 gC m{sup -2} yr{sup -1} (positive toward the atmosphere) in 2003, 2004, and 2005, respectively, with large seasonal variations. We also performed simulations using two scaling approaches at resolutions of 10, 30, 60, and 90 km. The scaling approach applied in current land surface models led to regional NEE biases of up to 50 and 20% in weekly and annual estimates, respectively. An important factor in causing these biases was the complex leaf area index (LAI) distribution within cover types. Biases in predicted weekly average regional latent heat fluxes were smaller than for NEE, but larger than for either ecosystem respiration or assimilation alone. However, spatial and diurnal variations of hundreds of W m{sup -2} in latent heat fluxes were common. We conclude that, in this heterogeneous system, characterizing vegetation cover type and LAI at the scale of spatial variation are necessary for accurate estimates of bottom-up, regional NEE and surface energy fluxes.

  8. Examining the coupling of carbon and nitrogen cycles in Southern Appalachian streams: Understanding the role of dissolved organic nitrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lutz, Brian D [Duke University; Bernhardt, Emily [Duke University; Roberts, Brian [Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium; Mulholland, Patrick J [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Although regional and global models of nitrogen (N) cycling typically focus on nitrate, dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) is the dominant form of nitrogen export from many watersheds and thus the dominant form of dissolved N in many streams. Our understanding of the processes controlling DON export from temperate forests is poor. In pristine systems, where biological N limitation is common, N contained in recalcitrant organic matter (OM) can dominate watershed N losses. This recalcitrant OM often has moderately constrained carbon:nitrogen (C:N) molar ratios ({approx}25-55) and therefore, greater DON losses should be observed in sites where there is greater total dissolved organic carbon (DOC) loss. In regions where anthropogenic N pollution is high, it has been suggested that increased inorganic N availability can reduce biological demand for organic N and therefore increase watershed DON losses. This would result in a positive correlation between inorganic and organic N concentrations across sites with varying N availability. In four repeated synoptic surveys of stream water chemistry from forested watersheds along an N loading gradient in the southern Appalachians, we found surprisingly little correlation between DON and DOC concentrations. Further, we found that DON concentrations were always significantly correlated with watershed N loading and stream water [NO{sub 3}{sup -}] but that the direction of this relationship was negative in three of the four surveys. The C:N molar ratio of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in streams draining watersheds with high N deposition was very high relative to other freshwaters. This finding, together with results from bioavailability assays in which we directly manipulated C and N availabilities, suggests that heterotrophic demand for labile C can increase as a result of dissolved inorganic N (DIN) loading, and that heterotrophs can preferentially remove N-rich molecules from DOM. These results are inconsistent with the two prevailing hypotheses that dominate interpretations of watershed DON loss. Therefore, we propose a new hypothesis, the indirect carbon control hypothesis, which recognizes that heterotrophic demand for N-rich DOM can keep stream water DON concentrations low when N is not limiting and heterotrophic demand for labile C is high.

  9. Environmental Assessment for the Transfer of 1100 AREA, Southern Rail Connection and Rolling Stock, Hanford Site, Richland, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    1998-08-01

    This environmental assessment (EA) has been prepared to assess potential environmental impacts associated with the U.S. Department of Energy's proposed action: the transfer of the 1100 Area, southern rail connection and rolling stock to a non-federal entity. Impact information contained herein will be used by the U.S. Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office Manager, to determine if the proposed action is a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment. If the proposed action is determined to be major and significant, an environmental impact statement will be prepared. If the proposed action is determined not to be major and significant, a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) will be issued and the action can proceed. Criteria used to evaluate significance can be found in Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1508.27. This EA was prepared in compliance with the ''National Environmental Policy Act'' (NEPA) of 1969, as amended, the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) Regulations for Implementing the Procedural Provisions of NEPA (40 CFR 1500-1508), and the U.S. Department of Energy Implementing Procedures for NEPA (10 CFR 1021). The following is a description of each section of the EA. (1) Purpose and Need for Action. This provides a brief statement concerning the problem or opportunity the U.S. Department of Energy is addressing with the proposed action. As necessary, background information is provided. (2) Description of the Proposed Action. A description with sufficient detail to identify potential environmental impacts is provided. (3) Alternatives to the Proposed Action. Reasonable alternative actions, which would address the Purpose and Need, are described. A no action alternative, as required by 10 CFR 1021, also is described. (4) Affected Environment. This provides a brief description of the locale in which the proposed action takes place, and which may be environmentally impacted. (5) Environmental Impacts. The range of environmental impacts, beneficial and adverse, are described for the proposed action. Impacts of alternatives briefly are discussed. (6) Permits and Regulatory Requirements. A brief description of permits and regulatory requirements for the proposed action is provided. (7) Organizations Consulted. Any outside agencies, groups, or individuals contacted as part of environmental assessment documentation preparation are listed. (8) References. Documents used to provide information or data are listed. The appendices contain additional information necessary to support an understanding of the proposed action, alternatives, and potential impacts is provided. Comments resulting from review of the environmental assessment by states and tribes or other stakeholders and the response to those comments will be included in the appendices.

  10. Southern Enclave Issue 46 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1996-01-01

    . The droids have remained with Luke ever since and their 7 skills are put to use for the Alliance on a daily basis. Threepio's protocol and linguistic talents are used to monitor Imperial security bands and translate intercepted codes, while Artoo... ......... SGodsalve@Freshfields.com Marlene Karkoska .............. Marlenejk@AOL.com Judith Klinger ............ Jklinger@rz.uni-potsdam.de Michelle Malkin ........... Malkinb7@ix.netcom.com Gail Mihara .. . . . . . . . . . .. GMihara@planet.micpla.com M. J...

  11. Southern Enclave Issue 50 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1998-01-01

    that day. 9) The Sandpeople kill Luke and rip apart the droids. 8) Luke and the droids are home when the Storm troopers arrive. 7) Uncle Owen decides to give the droids a memory flush himself. 6) Luke accidentally slips, falls and breaks his neck after... answered by another letter and in basically the same way? Could it be construed as offensive? If you have a question, ask the editor. It could be something as simple as length andlor repetition, or as complicated as possible libel. If you don't like...

  12. Southern Enclave Issue 30 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1991-01-01

    information on the STAR WARS universe? Or are you just trying to make things logical and c:'Onsistent? Or both? ;\\: The STAR WARS movies them:;elves are always my basic source of "real" knowledge. SUp plenenting that is a trenendous lxxly of background..., where as otherwise he should have flitted about offering advice to any rebel who needed it, or at least ranging around the galaxy scouting out what the oPIXlSition was up to. Q: If lTOvies 7, 8 and 9 of the STAR WARS ser ies are made...

  13. Southern Enclave Issue 28 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1991-01-01

    ; but basically it's just Samia d11d rile. ~e both receive sutrnissions, and we ha\\e to agree on thE'll! before we will accept thall. SarrJ a does nost at the editing and tn) illg (she's tlJe one with the relevant degree and the PC); but I usually' do several... the printers! TIlis is the core of ''how to do a line" and is also the rrost difficult to answer. No two editors do their zines e.'\\actly alike. Basical l~?, it's a question of taking the te.'\\t and art and canbining than into a pleasing tonnat, printing...

  14. Southern Enclave Issue 41 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01

    know that you appreciate the effort they're putting out for our favorite fandom and that we want them to go on. Unlike the nominating process for the Fan Q's, which occasionally seems like a BNF popularity contest, the STAR aWARdS were designed so...@AOL.COM Ann Wortham ............... ASHTON7@A0L.COM Ming Watlme ............... MINGN01@A0L.COM Judith Yuenger ..... J.YUENGER@GENIE.GEIS.COM CONGRATULATIONS TO ?.. Karen Ripley on the pUblication of her newest book, The Alchemist a/Time, the fmal chapter...

  15. Southern Enclave Issue 48 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1997-01-01

    , very reliable Harry Knowles, whose source within Lucasfilm (referred to only as Deepthroat) has been extremely accurate thus far with prequel information. This is not a rumor. If you don't want to know, don't read any further! Meet Boba Fett..., which will conjure up memories of good 01' Solo, however, like Solo in Empire, this character will meet with seemingly tragic ends. Fett's fall is shrouded in mystery (read: secrecy) but [Deepthroat illuminates it with] "his fall causes a hate...

  16. Southern Enclave Issue 10 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1985-01-01

    , and he believed that they were the basis of neurotic hysteria. He later retracted that formulation in favor of the concept of childhood sexual fantasies and the Oedipus Complex (Masson, 1984). Incest was the subject of the paper, entitled The Etiolo... resulting from childhood experiences of incest. (This was later called the childhood seduction theory of hysteria. ) He described his causal hypothesis of psychoneurosis and hysteria as consisting of three crucial points: 1) important traumas were always...

  17. Southern Enclave Issue 11 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1986-01-01

    between gender, sexuality, the body, and citizenship. Through chapters on incest, gender normalization, and disease, I build an "archive" of the feeling of shame that consists of literary texts such as Sapphire's Push: A Novel, Jeffrey Eugenides...

  18. European Southern Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    ? These objects may be visible through their supernovae/hypernovae or their surrounding ionization zones. How many

  19. Southern Enclave Issue 12 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1986-01-01

    mark (in the ANH novelization) just gave me some vague mental images of long. long ago--Force users persecuted by the ignorant. and driven to use the Dark Side for self protection. When I read that line in the novelization. I immediately thought... was Ben's prize student and his friend; Ben must've been very sure. however wrong he might've been. that Anakin couldn't be saved from the Dark Side. 13 And I certainly wouldn't want to be put in the posi tion Ben had been in--having to choose between...

  20. Southern Enclave Issue 45 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1996-01-01

    What You Smell #1) "Decent Proposal" by Mary Jo Fox (On a Clear Day You Can See Dagobah #8) "To Call the Darkness Light" by Pat Nussman (Imperium #5) "What Might Have Been" by Marti Schuller (On a Clear Day ... #8) "Of Time & Regret" by Veronica... display. Wish I could show you the photos of Darth in bed with two (!) blondes but the photos came out too dark to print! The Star Awards were exciting and congratulations to all the winners. A special congrats to Judy on her Special Achivement Award...