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1

API gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API gravity [The standard American Petroleum Institute method for specifying the density of crude petroleum. The density in degrees API is 141.5/P – 131.5...] ? (Roh)Öldichte f in API-Graden

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

API Gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n Measure of specific gravity of petroleum and petroleum products, defined by the following equation: $$\\eqalign{{\\rm{API\\,\\,Gravity,\\,\\,degrees }}...

Jan W. Gooch

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 60 60 131 5 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

4

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

60 60 1315 . . The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity. ASTM: American Society for Testing and Materials. Aviation Gasoline (Finished): A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifi- cations are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on fin- ished aviation gasoline. Barrel: A volumetric unit of measure for crude oil and petroleum products equivalent to 42 U.S. gallons. Bulk Sales: Wholesale sales of gasoline in individual

5

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

6

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 26. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 48 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

7

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

8

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

9

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

10

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

11

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

12

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity 50 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

13

API gravity ranges of EIA-182 crude streams  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

API Gravity Ranges of Selected Crude Streams, EIA-182 Gravity 20 or less Alabama Heavy Ca - Coalinga Ca - Cymric Ca - Kern River Ca - Lost Hills Ca - Midway-Sunset Ca OCS - Hondo...

14

,"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API Gravity" API Gravity" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity",6,"Monthly","9/2013","10/15/1993" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_dfp3_k_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_dfp3_k_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12/2/2013 3:15:39 AM"

15

Api Nova Energia Srl | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Api Nova Energia Srl Jump to: navigation, search Name: Api Nova Energia Srl Place: Roma, Italy Zip: 198 Sector: Renewable Energy Product: Develops, builds, finances, acquires, owns...

16

Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

API Gravity API Gravity (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 98.76 98.37 96.70 102.63 102.06 101.99 1993-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 99.08 99.72 98.54 104.51 105.09 104.96 1993-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 92.00 92.67 90.95 98.83 98.56 98.41 1993-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 99.63 98.18 97.56 103.78 106.39 106.16 1993-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 93.89 94.99 94.59 103.04 104.77 104.20 1993-2013 40.0º or Greater 93.16 93.61 92.04 100.24 101.89 100.83 1993-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

17

Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013 assetscoreapiwebinar061413.wmv More Documents & Publications Commercial Building Energy Asset Score...

18

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity (Percent by Interval) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes API Gravity Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History 20.0º or Less 16.07 17.25 17.35 14.65 17.17 19.70 1983-2013 20.1º to 25.0º 34.75 32.07 33.66 33.41 32.73 35.52 1983-2013 25.1º to 30.0º 9.35 8.59 8.61 11.45 8.98 7.73 1983-2013 30.1º to 35.0º 25.99 30.03 26.36 28.73 29.89 26.56 1983-2013 35.1º to 40.0º 11.94 10.60 12.42 9.74 9.89 8.80 1983-2013 40.1º to 45.0º 1.62 1.23 1.13 1.70 1.14 W 1983-2013 45.1º or Greater 0.28 0.23 0.48 0.31 0.20 W 1983-2013 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.

19

Energy API Browser | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

keyword or API of interest to center. Selected API information will be displayed below. Alternatively, you can download a CSV with this API data. Last reviewed on 08.23.2013...

20

API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API, anteceding precipitation index, antecedent precipitation index [The amount of moisture in a drainage basin before a storm] ? Vorniederschlag(s)index m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy API and dataset overview | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy API and dataset overview Energy API and dataset overview Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 26 September, 2012 - 14:36 cleanweb hackathon resource webinar Today, Ian Kalin, a presidential innovation fellow, and the OpenEI team recorded an "energy resource" overview for developers of upcoming hackathon events at SXSW Eco and in New York City. You can find this recorded webinar with recent developer resources (APIs, datasets, content) at the links below. Streaming webinar link: https://mmancusa.webex.com/mmancusa/ldr.php?AT=pb&SP=MC&rID=48240102&rKey=40d5d5d42cbfd4e4 Download webinar link: https://mmancusa.webex.com/mmancusa/lsr.php?AT=dw&SP=MC&rID=48240102&rKey=2b23a089b99927fc Time: 13 minutes If you are an application developer in the energy space, or know one,

22

A correlation of water solubility in jet fuels with API gravity: aniline point percent aromatics, and temperature.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A CORRELATION OF WATER SOLUBILITY IN JET FUELS WITH API GRAVITY, ANILINE POINT PERCENT AROMATICS, AND TEMPERATURE A Thesis By ALONZO B YINGTON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January, 1964 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering A CORRELATION OF MATER SOLUBILITT IH JET FUELS WITS API GEAVITT, ANILINE POINT, PERCENT ARONATICS, AND TENPERATURE A Thesis By ALOHZO BYIHGTOH Approved...

Byington, Alonzo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 31 August, 2012 - 12:54 APIs Big Data cleanweb data OpenEI OpenEI has created a simple way to see energy APIs available to developers. See commercial and free energy APIs such as NREL's developer network, Genability, 3TIER, OpenEI APIs and more! Click here to get started. Want to see this energy API data crowd-sourced and updated on OpenEI? Let us know by commenting on this blog entry! Currently, we have a static spreadsheet (available for download at the app) that we are keeping updated manually. Thanks to ProgrammableWeb.com for initial data - as a thanks, we are currently linking to ProgrammableWeb from each API entry so

24

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud November 9, 2012 - 2:43pm Addthis As part of the Digital Strategy, the Department of Energy is making more high-value data sets available through Application Program Interfaces (APIs) - helping programmers develop new opportunities, services and products for citizens. Additionally, these data sets and APIs are now housed on cloud-based servers, helping us to provide easy, scalable access to the public. Moving our data sets to the cloud builds on the important steps the Energy Department has taken to advance cost-effective, secure cloud-hosted infrastructure solutions. For example, we have also moved our Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to the cloud to streamline operations. We are also

25

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

26

Home Energy Score API User: Spirit Foundation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Spirit Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization and Home Energy Score Partner, assists veterans and wounded heroes in sustainable careers. The Spirit Foundation offers Assessor training,...

27

Gravity Methods | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Methods Gravity Methods Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Gravity Methods Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(3) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Gravity Methods: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition References No exploration activities found. Document # Analysis Type Applicant Geothermal Area Lead Agency District Office Field Office Mineral Manager Surface Manager Development Phase(s) Techniques NVN-084630 CU Vulcan Energy Patua Geothermal Area BLM Nevada State Office BLM Winnemucca District Office BLM Humboldt River Field Office BLM BLM Geothermal/Exploration Gravity Methods

28

Cosmological Acceleration: Dark Energy or Modified Gravity?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the evidence for recently accelerating cosmological expansion or "dark energy", either a negative pressure constituent in General Relativity (Dark Energy) or modified gravity (Dark Gravity), without any Dark Energy constituent. If constituent Dark Energy does not exist, so that our universe is now dominated by pressure-free matter, Einstein gravity must be modified at low curvature. The vacuum symmetry of any Robertson-Walker universe then characterizes Dark Gravity as low- or high-curvature modifications of Einstein gravity. The dynamics of either kind of "dark energy" cannot be derived from the homogeneous expansion alone, but requires also observing the growth of inhomogeneities. Present and projected observations are all consistent with a small fine tuned cosmological constant, with nearly static Dark Energy, or with gravity modified at cosmological scales. The growth of cosmological fluctuations will potentially distinguish static "dark energy" from dynamic "dark energy" with equation of state $w(z)$ either changing rapidly or tracking the background matter. But to cosmologically distinguish $\\Lambda$CDM from modified gravity will require a weak lensing shear survey more ambitious than any now projected. Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati modifications of Einstein gravity may also be detected in refined bservations in the solar system or at the intermediate Vainstein scale. Dark Energy's epicyclic character, failure to explain the original Cosmic Coincidence ("Why now?") without fine tuning, inaccessibility to laboratory or solar system tests, along with braneworld theories, now motivate future precision solar system, Vainstein-scale and cosmological-scale studies of Dark Gravity.

Sidney Bludman

2006-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

29

How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How energy-efficient is your cloud app? Energy measurements in virtualized environments with PowerAPI Context Energy-efficiency major concern in data centers Existing approaches work for physical servers specific Determine the formula by polynomial regression with the help of a power meter Host VM /dev/virtio-ports/port

Boyer, Edmond

30

Web API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we describe the Web API feature, which is a new addition to ... and easily create Web services that provide an API to HTTP clients, known as Web APIs...

Adam Freeman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Energy conditions in f(R)-gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to shed some light on the current discussion about f(R)-gravity theories we derive and discuss the bounds imposed by the energy conditions on a general f(R) functional form. The null and strong energy conditions in this framework are derived from the Raychaudhuri's equation along with the requirement that gravity is attractive, whereas the weak and dominant energy conditions are stated from a comparison with the energy conditions that can be obtained in a direct approach via an effective energy-momentum tensor for f(R)-gravity. As a concrete application of the energy conditions to locally homogeneous and isotropic f(R)-cosmology, the recent estimated values of the deceleration and jerk parameters are used to examine the bounds from the weak energy condition on the parameters of two families of f(R)-gravity theories.

J. Santos; J. S. Alcaniz; M. J. Reboucas; F. C. Carvalho

2007-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

32

API unit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API unit [An arbitrary unit of the American Petroleum Institute for measuring natural radioactivity; used in certain well logging methods] ? API-Einheit f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Gravity Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gravity Techniques Gravity Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Geophysical Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and the deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

34

Glossary API Gravity: An  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

drip gas, as well as liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gil- sonite, and oil shale. Excludes topped crude oil, resid- ual oil, other unfinished oils, and liquids...

35

API Architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We first summarize the desirable properties that arise when a Module-IEE API for running custom code in the isolated...is available to application developers. Module-IEE APIs for secure storage enable developers ...

Amit Vasudevan; Jonathan M. McCune…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Emergent gravity and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is an invited contribution to be included in a multi-authored book on "Dark Energy", to be edited by Pilar Ruiz-Lapuente and published by Cambridge University Press.

T. Padmanabhan

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

37

Cosmology with Coupled Gravity and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark energy is a fundamental constituent of our universe, its status in the cosmological field equation should be equivalent to that of gravity. Here we construct a dark energy and matter gravity coupling (DEMC) model of cosmology in a way that dark energy and gravity are introduced into the cosmological field equation in parallel with each other from the beginning. The DEMC universe possesses a composite symmetry from global Galileo invariance and local Lorentz invariance. The observed evolution of the universe expansion rate at redshift z>1 is in tension with the standard LCDM model, but can be well predicted by the DEMC model from measurements of only nearby epochs. The so far most precise measured expansion rate at high z is quite a bit slower than the expectations from LCDM, but remarkably consistent with that from DEMC. It is hoped that the DEMC scenario can also help to solve other existing challenges to cosmology: large scale anomalies in CMB maps and large structures up to about 10^3 Mpc of a quasar group. The DEMC universe is a well defined mechanical system. From measurements we can quantitatively evaluate its total rest energy, present absolute radius and expanding speed.

Ti-Pei Li

2015-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

38

Cosmology with Coupled Gravity and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark energy is a fundamental constituent of our universe, its status in the cosmological field equation should be equivalent to that of gravity. Here we construct a dark energy and matter gravity coupling (DEMC) model of cosmology in a way that dark energy and gravity are introduced into the cosmological field equation in parallel with each other from the beginning. The DEMC universe possesses a composite symmetry from global Galileo invariance and local Lorentz invariance. The observed evolution of the universe expansion rate at redshift z>1 is in tension with the standard LCDM model, but can be well predicted by the DEMC model from measurements of only nearby epochs. The so far most precise measured expansion rate at high z is quite a bit slower than the expectations from LCDM, but remarkably consistent with that from DEMC. It is hoped that the DEMC scenario can also help to solve other existing challenges to cosmology: large scale anomalies in CMB maps and large structures up to about 10^3 Mpc of a quasar group. The DEMC universe is a well defined mechanical system. From measurements we can quantitatively evaluate its total rest energy, present absolute radius and expanding speed.

Ti-Pei Li

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

tagging API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Super contributor 15 February, 2013 - 15:25 Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API Reegle and OpenEI...

40

Help:US Utility Rate Database API Tutorial | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Help page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Help:US Utility Rate Database API Tutorial Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Using the OpenEI Application Programming...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

APIs | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

01 01 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142234301 Varnish cache server APIs Home Ianjkalin's picture Submitted by Ianjkalin(84) Contributor 23 September, 2012 - 15:52 Datapalooza Announcements APIs Big Data Datapalooza EDI EERE Open Data OpenEI New data has been liberated! Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 31 August, 2012 - 12:54 Visualize energy APIs with a new OpenEI browser APIs Big Data cleanweb data OpenEI OpenEI has created a simple way to see energy APIs available to developers.

42

Nonlinear Energy Transfer in a Narrow Gravity-Wave Spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Nonlinear Energy Transfer in a Narrow Gravity-Wave Spectrum J. C...calculation of the rate of energy transfer due to...a narrow gravity wave spectrum according...typical narrow wind wave spectrum on the nonlinear energy transfer are very...

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Study of an API Migration for Two XML APIs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API migration refers to adapting an application such that its dependence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source and target APIs ...

Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei; Krzysztof Czarnecki…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Energy conditions in f(R, Lm) gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to constrain f(R, Lm) gravity from theoretical aspects, its energy conditions are derived in this paper. These energy conditions given by us are quite general and can be degenerated to the well-known energy conditions in general relativity and f(R) theories of gravity with arbitrary coupling, non-minimal coupling and non-coupling between matter and geometry, respectively, as special cases. To exemplify how to use these energy conditions to restrict f(R, Lm) gravity, we consider a special model in the FRW cosmology and give some corresponding results by using astronomical observations.

Jun Wang; Kai Liao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Bouguer gravity map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bouguer gravity map. Map. Denver, Colorado. U.S. Geological Survey. () . Black & White. Scale 1:500,000. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBouguergravi...

46

Airborne Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Airborne Gravity Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Airborne Gravity Survey Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and the deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

47

Definition: Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Gravity Survey The ground gravitational method is the study of the distribution of mass in the subsurface with the observation point at the earth's surface.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A gravity anomaly is the difference between the observed acceleration of a planet's gravity and a value predicted from a model. A location with a positive anomaly exhibits more gravity than predicted, while a negative anomaly exhibits a lower value than predicted. References ↑ http://www.amazon.com/Geophysical-Field-Theory-Three-Volume-Gravitational/dp/0124020410 Ret Like Like You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

48

Ground Gravity Survey | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey Ground Gravity Survey Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Gravity Survey Details Activities (48) Areas (34) Regions (2) NEPA(2) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Gravity Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Gravity Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Distribution of density in the subsurface enables inference of rock type. Stratigraphic/Structural: Delineation of steeply dipping formations, geological discontinuities and faults, intrusions and large-scale deposition of silicates due to hydrothermal activity. Hydrological: Density of sedimentary rocks are strongly influenced by fluid contained within pore space. Dry bulk density refers to the rock with no moisture, while the wet bulk density accounts for water saturation; fluid content may alter density by up to 30%.(Sharma, 1997)

49

Win32API Interceptor Final Report Win32API Interceptor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Win32API Interceptor Final Report Win32API Interceptor A Microsoft Windows API function calls Interception application Final Report 1 #12;Win32API Interceptor Final Report Table of contents Table...................................................................................................... 15 Win32API Interceptor

Segall, Adrian

50

Differentiating dark energy and modified gravity with galaxy redshift surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The observed cosmic acceleration today could be due to an unknown energy component (dark energy), or a modification to general relativity (modified gravity). If dark energy models and modified gravity models are required to predict the same cosmic expansion history H(z), they will predict different growth rates for cosmic large scale structure, fg(z). If gravity is not modified, the measured H(z) leads to a unique prediction for fg(z), fgH(z), if dark energy and dark matter are separate. Comparing fgH(z) with the measured fg(z) provides a transparent and straightforward test of gravity. We show that a simple ?2 test provides a general figure of merit for our ability to distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity given the measured H(z) and fg(z). We find that a magnitude-limited NIR galaxy redshift survey covering >10?000 (deg)2 and a redshift range of 0.5zH(z) to 1–2% accuracy via baryon acoustic oscillation measurements, and fg(z) to the accuracy of a few per cent via the measurement of redshift-space distortions and the bias factor which describes how light traces mass. We show that if the H(z) data are fitted by both a DGP gravity model and an equivalent dark energy model that predict the same H(z), a survey area of 11?931 (deg)2 is required to rule out the DGP gravity model at the 99.99% confidence level. It is feasible for such a galaxy redshift survey to be carried out by the next generation space missions from NASA and ESA, and it will revolutionize our understanding of the universe by differentiating between dark energy and modified gravity.

Yun Wang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Will multiple probes of dark energy find modified gravity?  

SciTech Connect

One of the most pressing issues in cosmology is whether general relativity (GR) plus a dark sector is the underlying physical theory or whether a modified gravity model is needed. Upcoming dark energy experiments designed to probe dark energy with multiple methods can address this question by comparing the results of the different methods in constraining dark energy parameters. Disagreement would signal the breakdown of the assumed model (GR plus dark energy). We study the power of this consistency test by projecting constraints in the w{sub 0}-w{sub a} plane from the four different techniques of the Dark Energy Survey in the event that the underlying true model is modified gravity. We find that the standard technique of looking for overlap has some shortcomings, and we propose an alternative, more powerful Multidimensional Consistency Test. We introduce the methodology for projecting whether a given experiment will be able to use this test to distinguish a modified gravity model from GR.

Shapiro, Charles [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); Dodelson, Scott [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States); Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States); Hoyle, Ben [Institut de Ciencies del Cosmos, Barcelona (Spain); Samushia, Lado [Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, PO1 3FX (United Kingdom); National Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, GE-0160 Tbilisi (Georgia); Flaugher, Brenna [Center for Particle Astrophysics, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois 60510 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Will multiple probes of dark energy find modified gravity?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One of the most pressing issues in cosmology is whether general relativity (GR) plus a dark sector is the underlying physical theory or whether a modified gravity model is needed. Upcoming dark energy experiments designed to probe dark energy with multiple methods can address this question by comparing the results of the different methods in constraining dark energy parameters. Disagreement would signal the breakdown of the assumed model (GR plus dark energy). We study the power of this consistency test by projecting constraints in the w0-wa plane from the four different techniques of the Dark Energy Survey in the event that the underlying true model is modified gravity. We find that the standard technique of looking for overlap has some shortcomings, and we propose an alternative, more powerful Multidimensional Consistency Test. We introduce the methodology for projecting whether a given experiment will be able to use this test to distinguish a modified gravity model from GR.

Charles Shapiro; Scott Dodelson; Ben Hoyle; Lado Samushia; Brenna Flaugher

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

53

Differentiating dark energy and modified gravity with galaxy redshift surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The observed cosmic acceleration today could be due to an unknown energy component (dark energy), or a modification to general relativity (modified gravity). If dark energy models and modified gravity models are required to predict the same cosmic expansion history H(z), they will predict different growth rate for cosmic large scale structure, f_g(z)=d\\ln \\delta/d\\ln a (\\delta=(\\rho_m-\\bar{\\rho_m})/\\bar{\\rho_m}), a is the cosmic scale factor). If gravity is not modified, the measured H(z) leads to a unique prediction for f_g(z), f_g^H(z). Comparing f_g^H(z) with the measured f_g(z) provides a transparent and straightforward test of gravity. We show that a simple \\chi^2 test provides a general figure-of-merit for our ability to distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity given the measured H(z) and f_g(z). We study a magnitude-limited NIR galaxy redshift survey covering >10,000 (deg)^2 and the redshift range of 0.5dark energy model that predict the same expansion history, a survey area of 11,931 (deg)^2 is required to rule out the DGP gravity model at the 99.99% confidence level. It is feasible for such a galaxy redshift survey to be carried out by the next generation space missions from NASA and ESA, and it will revolutionize our understanding of the universe by differentiating between dark energy and modified gravity.

Yun Wang

2007-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

54

Win32API InterceptorWin32API Interceptor Monitoring Windows API callsMonitoring Windows API calls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Win32API InterceptorWin32API Interceptor Monitoring Windows API callsMonitoring Windows API calls using the Detours technology, that was developed by Microsoft researchers. #12;Win32API InterceptorWin32API Interceptor ­­ ArchitectureArchitecture Win32API Interceptor (MS Access Data Base) Dll

Segall, Adrian

55

Ground Gravity Survey At Truckhaven Area (Layman Energy Associates, 2009) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Truckhaven Area (Layman Energy Associates, 2009) Truckhaven Area (Layman Energy Associates, 2009) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Truckhaven Area (Layman Energy Associates, 2009) Exploration Activity Details Location Truckhaven Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The area of coverage for the DOE-funded geophysical surveys is shown in Figure 9. The 95 magnetotelluric (MT) soundings cover a central area of about 80 square kilometers. The 126 gravity stations extend over a broader area of about 150 square kilometers, centered on the same area covered by the MT soundings. A detailed description of the instrumentation and data acquisition procedures used for both surveys is provided in GSY-USA, Inc.

56

IPSJ SIG Technical Report RP2 OSCAR API API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPSJ SIG Technical Report OSCAR API 1 1 1 1 1 1 OSCAR SH4A 8 RP2 OSCAR API API RP2 8 SPEC CPU 2000 ART 1.16 1. 64 80 1 [7][8] , [9] 1 1 Waseda Universoty [10] OSCAR [1] [5] RP-2 [6] OSCAR OSCAR API[2] OSCAR API OSCAR API [3] OSCAR API API RP-2 c 1959 Information Processing Society of Japan 1 #12;IPSJ SIG

Kasahara, Hironori

57

OpenEI Community - tagging API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reegle mentions Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API http://en.openei.org/community/blog/reegle-mentions-openei-video-new-content-pool-api Reegle and OpenEI share the vision that easy access to energy information will help drive future developments in clean energy development.api" target="_blank">read more http://en.openei.org/community/blog/reegle-mentions-openei-video-new-content-pool-api#comments data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API OpenEI Community

58

GSS- API versus AU-API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Im folgenden ist zu überlegen, inwieweit sich die anwendungsunabhängige Schnittstelle von Plasma an die GSS-API anlehnt, und worin sie sich von dieser...

Annette Krannig

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

OpenEI API listing | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI API listing OpenEI API listing Home > Groups > Developer Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 29 June, 2012 - 09:30 developer web services We had an internal OpenEI strategy conversation just this week, and we spoke somewhat indirectly about a list of energy APIs on OpenEI. We have the Energy Hackathon Resource page, but I want to draw energy developers here instead of a plain vanilla page. Wouldn't it be nice to have a list, perhaps a faceted list, of energy APIs, datasets, etc? Well, we might be able to make that happen. I saw http://blog.programmableweb.com/2012/06/24/75-new-apis-adobe-amazon-sendgrid-and-yahoo/, which mentioned the OpenEI listing at http://www.programmableweb.com/api/open-energy-information. Perhaps programmableweb would be a great, updated resource for APIs that we could

60

MediaWiki API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

?xml version="1.0"?> ?xml version="1.0"?> ********************************************************************************************************** ** ** ** This is an auto-generated MediaWiki API documentation page ** ** ** ** Documentation and Examples: ** ** https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API **

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

MediaWiki API  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

?xml version="1.0"?> ?xml version="1.0"?> ****************************************************************************************** ** ** ** This is an auto-generated MediaWiki API documentation page ** ** ** ** Documentation and Examples: ** ** http://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/API ** ** **

62

Home Energy Score API User: United Illuminating Company and Connecticut Light and Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The United Illuminating Company and Connecticut Light and Power, administering conservation, and load management programs funded by the Connecticut Energy Efficiency Fund, are Home Energy Score...

63

Evolving the API Universe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The previous chapter tried to prove that maintaining a library with an API is not more costly than maintaining code without an API. However, that doesn’t mean that ... you’ll simplify your life by adding an API t...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Energy Contents of Gravitational Waves in Teleparallel Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conserved quantities, that are, gravitational energy-momentum and its relevant quantities are investigated for cylindrical and spherical gravitational waves in the framework of teleparallel equivalent of General Relativity using the Hamiltonian approach. For both cylindrical and spherical gravitational waves, we obtain definite energy and constant momentum. The constant momentum shows consistency with the results available in General Relativity and teleparallel gravity. The angular momentum for cylindrical and spherical gravitational waves also turn out to be constant. Further, we evaluate their gravitational energy-momentum fluxes and gravitational pressure.

M. Sharif; Sumaira Taj

2009-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

65

API for current energy usage data per consumer | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for current energy usage data per consumer Home > Groups > Developer Hello, I'm a web application developer working on an app to determine an individuals environmental impact,...

66

Google SOAP API Google API Teil II / berblick CVS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google SOAP API CVS Google API Teil II / Ã?berblick CVS Projektgruppe 520 Rafael Koloch 12. Oktober 2007 Rafael Koloch Google API Teil II / Ã?berblick CVS #12;Google SOAP API CVS Webservice Denition Webservice Aufruf Webservice Ergebnis auswerten Demonstration Ã?berblick Google API: Denition des Web

Morik, Katharina

67

Biogeography of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biogeography of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florea H. Randall HEPBURN 1 of the dwarf honeybees, Apis andreniformis and Apis florea, are defined and mapped. The analysis is based barrier to gene flow for the then evolving proto-populations of A. andreniformis and A. florea. Apis

68

Web Service Interface (API)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OSCARS and Future Tech OSCARS Standard and Open Grid Forum OSCARS Developers Community Web Browser Interface (WBUI) Web Service Interface (API) Read More... Fasterdata IPv6...

69

The Rise of the API’s The Rise of the API’s  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) have been as old as structural programming languages and anyone who is a programmer has used them. According to Wikipedia, APIs are a specification to be used as interfaces by software components to communicate with each other. APIs have served to communicate and integrate components and applications locally and remotely. SOAP Web Services vs. REST APIs Web services are currently the primary means of exposing APIs over the web. SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol) and REST (Representational State Transfer) are the technologies used to do so. While SOAP is more suitable for enterprise-wide business services, REST is being preferred for B2B use and exposing simpler CRUD (Create Retrieve Update Delete) operations. SOAP based web services are more suitable for composing multiple (fine-grained) web services that can perform business operations such as checking availability of products, notifying the manufacturing application, providing status updates etc. Since REST services are meant to be invoked when a particular URI is accessed, they are modeled to be more or less atomic. They perform operations such as search (retrieval), insert, update or deleting records. These are viewed and referred to as APIs. In common parlance, APIs now mean REST based web services while the term “Web Services ” by itself denotes SOAP based web services. API Explosion on the web Organizations have been looking to become more transparent and share data and services on the web. By using APIs, they have been able to provide data/services that can be used in other web applications or to build Mashups, which are web applications that are composed of web APIs. Some of the popular use cases for APIs are: Social networking services Product reviews, catalogs and shopping Advertising management Information on specific industries such as construction and real estate Shipment tracking and shipping Credit card validation and payment processing Traffic and weather updates File, video and image sharing

A. Danesh; Hussain Zaki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Generalized energy conditions in Extended Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theories of physics can be considered viable if the initial value problem and the energy conditions are formulated self-consistently. The former allow a uniquely determined dynamical evolution of the system, and the latter guarantee that causality is preserved and that "plausible" physical sources have been considered. In this work, we consider the further degrees of freedom related to curvature invariants and scalar fields in Extended Theories of Gravity (ETG). These new degrees of freedom can be recast as effective perfect fluids that carry different meanings with respect to the standard matter fluids generally adopted as sources of the field equations. It is thus somewhat misleading to apply the standard general relativistic energy conditions to this effective energy-momentum, as the latter contains the matter content and a geometrical quantity, which arises from the ETG considered. Here, we explore this subtlety, extending on previous work, in particular, to cases with the contracted Bianchi identities wi...

Capozziello, Salvatore; Mimoso, José P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Study of an API Migration for Two XML APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. API migration refers to adapting an application such that its dependence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source and target APIs serving the same domain. One may attempt to automate API migration by code transformation or wrapping of some sort. API migration is relatively well understood for the special case where source and target APIs are essentially different versions of the same API. API migration is much less understood for the general case where the two APIs have been developed more or less independently of each other. The present paper exercises a simple instance of the general case and develops engineering techniques towards the mastery of API migration. That is, we study wrapper-based migration between two prominent XML APIs for the Java platform. The migration follows an iterative and test-driven approach and allows us to identify, classify, and measure various differences between the studied APIs in a systematic way. 1

Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei; Krzysztof Czarnecki; Ralf Lämmel; Tijs Van Der Storm

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

The COCONUT API Version 2.32  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The COCONUT API Version 2.32 Reference Manual Hermann Schichl University of Vienna, Department Contents 1 COCONUT API Namespace Index 1 2 COCONUT API Hierarchical Index 1 3 COCONUT API Compound Index 8 4 COCONUT API File Index 12 5 COCONUT API Namespace Documentation 15 6 COCONUT API Class

Schichl, Hermann

73

Ground Gravity Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1990) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date 1990 Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Exploration Basis To identify features related to the heat source and to seek possible evidence for an underlying magma chamber Notes 2D and 3D gravity modeling was done using gridded Bouguer gravity data covering a 45 by 45 km region over the Coso geothermal area. Isostatic and terrain corrected Bouguer gravity data for about 1300 gravity stations were obtained from the US Geological Survey. After the data were checked, the gravity values were gridded at 1 km centers for the area of interest

74

API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

API API Home Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 31 May, 2013 - 12:04 Lighting Electricity Rates on OpenEI API Utility Rates Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live!

75

Ground Gravity Survey At Coso Geothermal Area (1980) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Range, California. Rather, linear gravity contours, which suggest a regional tectonic origin, enclose the location of most of the volcanic activity of the Coso Range. References...

76

Role of Delamination and Crystallography on Anisotropy of Charpy toughness in API-X80 steel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Role of Delamination and Crystallography on Anisotropy of Charpy toughness in API-X80 steel M. S dependence of Charpy toughness has been investigated in API-X80 linepipe steel. The occurrence the origin of anisotropy in Charpy energy in API-X80 linepipe steel, as a function of test temperature

Cambridge, University of

77

The WebSocket API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter introduces you to the WebSocket Application Programming Interface (API), which you can use to control ... we examine the building blocks of the WebSocket API, including its events, methods, and attri...

Vanessa Wang; Frank Salim; Peter Moskovits

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

The PayPal API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2004, PayPal opened up a range of functionality to developers with the release of the first version of the PayPal API. For those unfamiliar with the term, “API” stands for application programming interface. Wi...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Study of an API migration for two XML APIs Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1, Krzysztof Czarnecki1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Study of an API migration for two XML APIs Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1, Krzysztof Czarnecki1, Ralf L Abstract. API migration refers to adapting an application such that its depen- dence on a given API (the source API) is eliminated in favor of depending on an alternative API (the target API) with the source

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

80

Enhanced Energy Dissipation by Parasitic Capillaries on Short Gravity–Capillary Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increased energy dissipation caused by the formation of parasitic capillary wavelets on moderately short, steep gravity–capillary waves is studied numerically. This study focuses on understanding the mechanism leading to dissipation ...

Wu-ting Tsai; Li-ping Hung

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

THEORY OF GRAVITY "ENERGY-WAVE": THE ORIGIN Rodolfo Sergio Gonzlez Castro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THEORY OF GRAVITY "ENERGY-WAVE": THE ORIGIN Rodolfo Sergio González Castro Research Institute the gravitational acceleration with the gravitational wavelength corresponding to the "gravitational energy" density), derive an equation of the Energy-Momentum of Einstein suppressing this constant, and further I set

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

82

Robust constraints on dark energy and gravity from galaxy clustering data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......about the Stage IV survey, which is at z 0.7. Figure 3 Dark energy FoM for Stage...results on probing dark energy and testing gravity from such a survey. 4SUMMARY AND...galaxy redshift survey can probe dark energy and constrain......

Yun Wang

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

83

On the Nonlinear Transfer of Energy in the Peak of a Gravity-Wave Spectrum. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Nonlinear Transfer of Energy in the Peak of a Gravity-Wave Spectrum. II M. J...nonlinear transfer of energy within a continuous spectrum of water waves. The spectrum is assumed...narrow, that is, the wave energy is initially concentrated...

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Momentum and Energy Transport by Gravity Waves in Stochastically Driven Stratified Flows. Part II: Radiation of Gravity Waves from a Gaussian Jet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Momentum and Energy Transport by Gravity Waves in Stochastically Driven Stratified Flows. Part II structures that dominate wave momentum and energy transport. When the interior of a typical midlatitude jet and energy at jet interior critical levels. Longer waves transport momentum and energy away from the jet

Farrell, Brian F.

85

Cooperative wasp-killing by mixed-species colonies of honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooperative wasp-killing by mixed-species colonies of honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera Ken-species colonies of honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera, were tested against a predatory wasp, Vespa velutina / defensive behaviour / mixed species / Apis cerana / Apis mellifera 1. INTRODUCTION Altruism and cooperation

86

An Alternative f (R, T) Gravity Theory and the Dark Energy Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, a generalized gravity theory was proposed by Harko etal where the Lagrangian density is an arbitrary function of the Ricci scalar R and the trace of the stress-energy tensor T, known as F(R,T) gravity. In their derivation of the field equations, they have not considered conservation of the stress-energy tensor. In the present work, we have shown that a part of the arbitrary function f(R,T) can be determined if we take into account of the conservation of stress-energy tensor, although the form of the field equations remain similar. For homogeneous and isotropic model of the universe the field equations are solved and corresponding cosmological aspects has been discussed. Finally, we have studied the energy conditions in this modified gravity theory both generally and a particular case of perfect fluid with constant equation of state.

Subenoy Chakraborty

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

87

Resembling holographic dark energy with f(R)gravity as scalar field and ghost dark energy with tachyon scalar fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article,the dynamics and potential of two different scalar field models is presented in a at Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker(FLRW) universe. One of those models is obtained from the corresponding relation between holographic energy density (HED) with energy density of the corresponding scalar field of f(R) gravity,and other models is achieved from connection between the ghost energy density (GDE) with energy density of the tachyon field model. Also, a f(R) model according to the the HDE model is calculated then stability,anti -gravity and viable conditions on it are investigated.

A. Aghamohammadi

2014-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

88

Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API Reegle mentions OpenEI in video on new Content Pool API Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(2002) Super contributor 15 February, 2013 - 15:25 data energy OpenEI REEEP REEGLE structured tagging API Reegle and OpenEI share the vision that easy access to energy information will help drive future developments in clean energy development. As part of this path forward, REEEP has developed a 'Content Pool' surrounding their original term extraction API. The idea behind the content pool is that, when contributing agencies submit content to the pool via the API, they'll receive extracted energy keywords, relevant thesaurus definitions, and a link of other content with similar result sets. Florian Bauer, featured in the video, describes how the reegle tagging api

89

Future Challenges for Linked APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. A number of approaches combine the principles and technologies of Linked Data and RESTful services. Services and APIs are thus enriched by, and contribute to, the Web of Data. These resource-centric approaches, referred to as Linked APIs, focus on flexibility and the integration capabilities of Linked Data. We use our experience in teaching students on how to use Linked APIs to identify the existing challenges in the area. Additionally we introduce the LAPIS catalogue, a directory for Linked APIs as basis for the research to address the identified challenges. 1

Steffen Stadtmüller; Sebastian Speiser; Andreas Harth

90

Specifying API Trace Birthmark by Abstract Interpretation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API trace birthmark is a major class of software birthmarks, where API sequences are defined as software birthmarks to ... , an abstract interpretation-based method for specifying API trace birthmark is proposed ...

Ying Zeng; Fenlin Liu; Jian Chen; Bin Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Co-existence of Gravity and Antigravity: The Unification of Dark Matter and Dark Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive gravity with second and fourth derivatives is shown to give both attractive and repulsive gravities. In contrast to the attractive gravity correlated with the energy-momentum tensor, the repulsive gravity is related to a fixed mass $m_x$, which equals a spin-dependent factor $f_\\sigma$ times the graviton mass. Therefore, particles with energy below $m_x$ are both dark matter and dark energy: Their overall gravity is attractive with normal matter but repulsive among themselves. Detailed analyses reveal that this unified dark scenario can properly account for the observed dark matter/energy phenomena: galaxy rotation curves, transition from early cosmic deceleration to recent acceleration; and naturally overcome other dark scenarios' difficulties: the substructure and cuspy core problems, the difference of dark halo distributions in galaxies and clusters, and the cosmic coincidence. Very interestingly, Dirac particles have $f_\\sigma=1/\\sqrt 2$, all bosonic matter particles have $f_\\sigma=0$, and the only exceptional boson is the graviton itself, which may have $f_\\sigma>1$.

Xiang-Song Chen

2005-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

92

Quantum Field Theory & Gravity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Field Theory & Gravity Quantum Field Theory & Gravity Understanding discoveries at the Energy, Intensity, and Cosmic Frontiers Get Expertise Rajan Gupta (505) 667-7664 Email...

93

Accelerating Innovation through Modular Design (API)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API scope is not limited to external exposure: ... . Reuse capability is the killer app of API, as demonstrated in Orange and Société Générale...

Nicolas Bry; Richard Hababou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

OpenEI Community - API  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rate-database-version-1-api-now-deprecated There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated.OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010.  As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data.

95

What is the Vehicle API? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

What is the Vehicle API? What is the Vehicle API? Home > Groups > Developer The vehicle API does not seem to contain any end point. Is there some documentation about this service? http://osisoftvcampus.cloudapp.net/vehicledata/cardata.svc Submitted by Pelikhan on 15 January, 2013 - 23:11 1 answer Points: 0 Good evening, There are a few different documentation options for this API. Although this question was asked a long time ago, I'd be happy to find an answer as a member of the DOE's Energy Data Initiative. First, may I ask if this relates to the Apps for Vehicles Challenge? If not, you may find a quicker and more technically informed answer here: https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups#!forum/openxc Ianjkalin on 11 February, 2013 - 20:48 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group.

96

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Product Guide Volumes Category Prices Table Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - Domestic First Purchases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - from selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 - for selected crude streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 - Imports F.O.B. Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - from selected countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 - for selected crude streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 - Landed Costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - from selected countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 - for selected crude streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 - Percentage by Gravity

97

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Product Guide Volumes Category Prices Table Crude Oil Refiner Acquisition Cost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - Domestic First Purchases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - from selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 - for selected crude streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 - Imports F.O.B. Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - from selected countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 - for selected crude streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 - Landed Costs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 - from selected countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 - for selected crude streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 - Percentage by Gravity

98

An API for ontology alignment Jrme Euzenat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 An API for ontology alignment Jérôme Euzenat INRIA Rhône-Alpes, Montbonnot, France, Jerome an implementation of this format as an Alignment API, which can be seen as an extension of the OWL API and shares some design goals with it. We show how this API can be used for effectively aligning ontologies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

99

Original article Enzymatic equipment of Ascosphaera apis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Enzymatic equipment of Ascosphaera apis and the development of infection — The process of infection of honey bee brood by the fungus Ascosphaera apis was ini- tiated the fungus pierces the cuticle. Ascosphaera apis / Apis mellifera / larval cuticle / penetration / infection

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Exposing Behavioral Differences in Cross-Language API Mapping Relations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exposing Behavioral Differences in Cross-Language API Mapping Relations Hao Zhong1 , Suresh translation of many call sites of API elements (i.e., classes, methods, and fields of API libraries). API source API elements and their equiv- alent target API elements. However, in an API mapping relation

Xie, Tao

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

On model selection forecasting, dark energy and modified gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......be achieved with the dark energy survey (DES) (Wester et...considered. DES is the Dark Energy Survey, PS1 is the Pan-STARRS...imaging (weak lensing) surveys should be able decisively distinguish a dark energy GR model from a DGP......

A. F. Heavens; T. D. Kitching; L. Verde

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

102

IDL compiler API design, application and validation based on XML API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to adapt different languages and platforms, the paper discusses how to process and validate IDL symbol table and intermediate code by XML API. It puts emphasis on IDL API extension towards DOM API based ...

Nan Nie; Yansheng Lu; Suzhi Zhang…

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Energy Contents of a Class of Regular Black Hole Solutions in Teleparallel Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the energy-momentum problem in the realm of teleparallel gravity. The energy-momentum distribution for a class of regular black holes coupled with a non-linear electrodynamics source is investigated by using Hamiltonian approach of teleparallel theory. The generalized regular black hole contains two specific parameters $\\alpha$ and $\\beta$ (a sort of dipole and quadrupole of non-linear source) on which the energy distribution depends. It is interesting to mention here that our results exactly coincide with different energy-momentum prescriptions in General Relativity.

M. Sharif; Abdul Jawad

2010-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

104

POSIX Socket API: Connectionless Communication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the previous chapter, you started exploring the POSIX Socket APIs by going through an example of a connection-oriented communication application using the TCP protocol. In this chapter, you will learn how t...

Onur Cinar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Automated analysis of security APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attacks on security systems within the past decade have revealed that security Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) expose a large and real attack surface but remain to be a relatively unexplored problem. In 2000, ...

Lin, Amerson H

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Oil gravity segregation in the Monterey formation, California  

SciTech Connect

The Monterey Formation is a fractured siliceous shale that is the principal reservoir and source rock for oil fields in the Santa Maria basin and the western Santa Barbara Channel. Monterey crudes in producing offshore fields are high-sulfur oils that range from 10[degrees] to 35[degrees] API. The oils in Monterey fractured reservoirs display a systematic increase in API gravity with increasing height above the oil-water contact. The rate of change in API gravity with depth in Monterey oil fields generally ranges from 0.5[degrees] to 1.2[degrees] API/100 ft. The oil-water contact usually occurs at an oil gravity of 10[degrees] API (the gravity at which the density of the oil and the water is equal). The maximum API gravity in a Monterey oil field is related to the level of thermal exposure experienced by the formation in the adjacent depocenter. Monterey oils are sourced by high-sulfur kerogens that generate heavy oils at low levels of thermal exposure, but generate progressively higher gravity oils at higher levels of thermal maturity. Comparison of the maximum API gravity found in 33 Monterey-sourced oil fields with the maximum temperature experienced by the Monterey Formation within three miles of the field (the most likely migration distance) suggests that a temperature of 260[degrees]F (127[degrees]C) is required to generate 20[degrees] API oil, and a temperature of 330[degrees]F (166[degrees]C) is required to generate 30[degrees] API oil.

Hornafius, J.S. (Mobil Exploration and Producing, Bakersfield, CA (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Walking in simulated reduced gravity: mechanical energy fluctuations and exchange  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such that the ratio of horizontal kinetic to gravitational potential energy fluctuations remained constant over a four cycle the kinetic and potential energy are exchanged such that the total external work required to lift to a point mass on massless rigid legs (2, 12, 29). The amount of exchange, often described as ``per- cent

Kram, Rodger

108

QMP: LQCD Message Passing API  

SciTech Connect

Recent changes are: (1) There is no longer a logical node number, only a node number which does not change as the logical machine is define. Thus there are two styles of messaging: messages are sent to a node by node number, or messages are sent to a relative (logical) node. (2) Methods related to node numbers have been changed (some dropped, some added). This note presents: (1) the requirements for message passing within Lattice QCD applications; (2) a draft message API for both C and C++; and (3) implementation design ideas. The API is intended to be sufficiently flexible to be used by all Lattice QCD applications, and execute efficiently on all existing and anticipated platforms, so that there is no need to directly call non-portable message passing routines. Because of the highly regular grid communications with LQCD, MPI calls (which are more general) impose some additional overhead that is predicted to be non-negligible for large machines. Depending upon demand, a subset of MPI could be implemented above this new API so that legacy codes which use MPI could function on the new architectures which implement (only) the new API. Further, the new API has been implemented atop MPI so that new applications using this new API can still be run on older machines for which only MPI is available. Interspersed with the API description are some descriptions for how the API could be implemented for myrinet clusters and the QCDOC machine. These are meant to more fully illustrate the functionality, and are not intended as the final design. At the time of writing, the following implementations exist: (1) QMP-GM -- Uses GM; (2) QMP-MPI -- Uses MPI; tested above MPICH-GM, MPICH-SM (shared memory), and MPICH-P4 (sockets).

Jie Chen; Robert Edwards; William Watson

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When creating new application programming interfaces (APIs), designers must make many decisions. These decisions affect the quality of the resulting APIs in terms of performance (such as speed and memory usage), power (expressiveness, extensibility and evolvability) and usability (learnability, productivity and error prevention). Experienced API designers have written recommendations on how to design APIs, offering their opinions on various API design decisions. Additionally, empirical research has begun to measure the usability tradeoffs of specific design decisions. While previous work has offered specific suggestions, there has not been a clear description of the design space of all possible API design decisions, or the quality attributes that these decisions affect. This paper puts existing API design recommendations into context by mapping out the space of API design decisions and API quality attributes. 1.

Jeffrey Stylos; Brad Myers

110

Multi-dimensional Exploration of API Usage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—This paper is concerned with understanding API usage in a systematic, explorative manner for the benefit of both API developers and API users. There exist complementary, less explorative methods, e.g., based on code search, code completion, or API documentation. In contrast, our approach is highly interactive and can be seen as an extension of what IDEs readily provide today. Exploration is based on multiple dimensions: i) the hierarchically organized scopes of projects and APIs; ii) metrics of API usage (e.g., number of project classes extending API classes); iii) metadata for APIs; iv) project- versus API-centric views. We also provide the QUAATLAS corpus of Java projects which enhances the existing QUALITAS corpus to enable APIusage analysis. We implemented the exploration approach in an

Coen De Roover; Ralf Lämmel; Ekaterina Pek

111

Spatially Homogeneous Rotating Solution in f(R) Gravity and Its Energy Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, the metric approach of $f(R)$ theory of gravity is used to investigate the exact vacuum solutions of spatially homogeneous rotating spacetimes. For this purpose, R is replaced by f(R) in the standard Einstein-Hilbert action and the set of modified Einstein field equations reduce to a single equation. We adopt the assumption of constant Ricci scalar which maybe zero or non-zero. Moreover, the energy density of the non-trivial solution has been evaluated by using the generalized Landau-Lifshitz energy-momentum complex in the perspective of f(R) gravity for some appropriate f(R) model, which turns out to be a constant quantity.

M. Jamil Amir; Saima Naheed

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

112

Energy conditions in $f(T)$ gravity with non-minimal torsion-matter coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present paper examines the validity of energy bounds in a modified theory of gravity involving non-minimal coupling of torsion scalar and perfect fluid matter. In this respect, we formulate the general inequalities of energy conditions by assuming the flat FRW universe. For the application of these bounds, we particularly focus on two specific models that are recently proposed in literature and also choose the power law cosmology. We find the feasible constraints on the involved free parameters and evaluate their possible ranges graphically for the consistency of these energy bounds.

Zubair, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

A Positive-Energy Theorem for Einstein-Aether and Ho?ava Gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy positivity is established for a class of solutions to Einstein-aether theory and the IR limit of Ho?ava gravity within a certain range of coupling parameters. The class consists of solutions where the aether 4-vector is divergence-free on a spacelike surface to which it is orthogonal (which implies that the surface is maximal). In particular, this result holds for spherically symmetric solutions at a moment of time symmetry.

David Garfinkle and Ted Jacobson

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

A New Perspective on the Excitation of Low-Tropospheric Mixed Rossby–Gravity Waves in Association with Energy Dispersion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the synoptic-scale equatorial response to Rossby wave energy dispersion associated with off-equatorial wave activity sources and proposes a new mechanism for triggering low-level mixed Rossby–gravity (MRG) waves. A case ...

Guanghua Chen; Chi-Yung Tam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Differential transcriptome profiles of heads from foragers: comparison between Apis mellifera ligustica and Apis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Differential transcriptome profiles of heads from foragers: comparison between Apis mellifera ligustica and Apis cerana cerana Zhiguo LI 1 , Fang LIU 1 , Wenfeng LI 1 , Shaowu ZHANG 1,2 , Dong NIU 1 in ecology and biology between Apis cerana cerana and Apis mellifera ligustica, we first used the Illumina

116

Improving API Documentation Using API Usage Information Jeffrey Stylos, Andrew Faulring, Zizhuang Yang, Brad A. Myers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving API Documentation Using API Usage Information Jeffrey Stylos, Andrew Faulring, Zizhuang://www.cs.cmu.edu/~jadeite Abstract Jadeite is a new Javadoc-like API documentation system that takes advantage of multiple users' aggre- gate experience to reduce difficulties that program- mers have learning new APIs. Previous

Matsuda, Noboru

117

A Flexible API and Editor for SKOS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a programmatic interface (SKOS API) and editor for working with the Simple Knowledge Organisation System SKOS. The SKOS API has been designed to work with SKOS ... Protege 4 framework using the OWL and...

Simon Jupp; Sean Bechhofer; Robert Stevens

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

API Conformance Verification for Java Programs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Software components, services, or modules are used via their application programming interface (API). For any sufficiently complex component, there ... and context in which particular methods of the API can be in...

Xin Li; H. James Hoover; Piotr Rudnicki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Introduction to ASP.NET Web API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fact that you are reading this means you are interested in learning something about ASP.NET Web API (application programming interface). Perhaps you are ... to swim a bit deeper into the Web API waters; hence...

Tugberk Ugurlu; Alexander Zeitler; Ali Kheyrollahi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Transparent Resource Management with Java RM API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Multitasking Virtual Machine has been provided with many useful features like Isolation API or Resource Consumption Management API. The latter one can be used to ... resources in Java applications. However, u...

Arkadiusz Janik; Krzysztof Zieli?ski

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Collaboration Topics - Acceleration Hardware and APIs | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

repository. Early work will focus on low-level application programming interfaces (APIs), micro-benchmarks, and mini-applications. Work in the out-years will include APIs and...

122

A Proposed Alternative Low Energy Quantum Field Theory of Gravity Based on a Bose-Einstein Condensate Effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An alternative quantum field theory for gravity is proposed for low energies based on an attractive effect between contaminants in a Bose-Einstein Condensate rather than on particle exchange. In the ``contaminant in condensate effect," contaminants cause a potential in an otherwise uniform condensate, forcing the condensate between two contaminants to a higher energy state. The energy of the system decreases as the contaminants come closer together, causing an attractive force between contaminants. It is proposed that mass-energy may have a similar effect on Einstein's space-time field, and gravity is quantized by the same method by which the contaminant in condensate effect is quantized. The resulting theory is finite and, if a physical condensate is assumed to underly the system, predictive. However, the proposed theory has several flaws at high energies and is thus limited to low energies. Falsifiable predictions are given for the case that the Higgs condensate is assumed to be the condensate underlying gravity.

Alexander Oshmyansky

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

123

Towards a Modern Communications API Michael Demmer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards a Modern Communications API Michael Demmer Kevin Fall Teemu Koponen§ Scott Shenker Abstract We contend that a new networking API could better serve the needs of data- and service-oriented applications, and could more easily map to heterogeneous environments, than the pervasive Sockets API does

124

Validation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Validation and Interactivity of Web API Documentation Peter J. Danielsen and Alan Jeffrey Bell Labs Alcatel-Lucent Naperville, IL, USA Abstract--Many Web APIs (by which we mean ones using HTTP as the application protocol) do not publish a machine- readable API description (in a language such as WADL or WSDL

Jeffrey, Alan

125

Jadeite: Improving API Documentation Using Usage Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jadeite: Improving API Documentation Using Usage Information Abstract Jadeite is a new Javadoc-like API documentation sys- tem that takes advantage of multiple users' aggregate experience to reduce difficulties that programmers have learning new APIs. Previous studies have shown that programmers often

Myers, Brad A.

126

phcpy: an API for PHCpack Jan Verschelde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

phcpy: an API for PHCpack Jan Verschelde University of Illinois at Chicago Department Computational Algebraic Geometry Seminar Jan Verschelde (UIC) phcpy: an API for PHCpack 24 January 2013 1 / 27 building on the API for the C programmer code for the Python extension module documentation generated

Verschelde, Jan

127

The Web as an API.  

SciTech Connect

As programmers we have worked with many Application Development Interface API development kits. They are well suited for interaction with a particular system. A vast source of information can be made accessible by using the http protocol through the web as an API. This setup has many advantages including the vast knowledge available on setting web servers and services. Also, these tools are available on most hardware and operating system combinations. In this paper I will cover the various types of systems that can be developed this way, their advantages and some drawbacks of this approach. Index Terms--Application Programmer Interface, Distributed applications, Hyper Text Transfer Protocol, Web.

Roman, J. H. (Jorge H.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Ground Gravity Survey At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Glass Buttes Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Glass Buttes Area...

129

Energy Conditions in a Generalized Second-Order Scalar-Tensor Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of energy conditions has many significant applications in general relativistic and cosmological contexts. This paper explores the energy conditions in the framework of the most general scalar-tensor theory with field equations involving second-order derivatives. For this purpose, we use flat FRW universe model with perfect fluid matter contents. By taking power law ansatz for scalar field, we discuss the strong, weak, null and dominant energy conditions in terms of deceleration, jerk and snap parameters. Some particular cases of this theory like k-essence model and modified gravity theories etc. are analyzed with the help of the derived energy conditions and the possible constraints on the free parameters of the presented models are determined.

M. Sharif; Saira Waheed

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

130

Impact of the equation-of-state -- gravity degeneracy on constraining the nuclear symmetry energy from astrophysical observables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a degeneracy between the equation of state (EOS) of superdense neutron-rich nuclear matter and the strong-field gravity in understanding properties of neutron stars. While the EOS is still poorly known, there are also longstanding ambiguities in choosing General Relativity or alternative gravity theories in the not-so-well tested strong-field regime. Besides possible appearance of hyperons and new phases, the most uncertain part of the nucleonic EOS is currently the density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy. To provide information that may help break the EOS-gravity degeneracy, we investigate effects of symmetry energy within its uncertain range determined by terrestrial nuclear laboratory experiments on the gravitational binding energy and spacetime curvature of neutron stars within GR and the scalar-tensor (ST) theory of gravity. In particular, we focus on effects of the following parameters characterizing the EOS of neutron-rich nucleonic matter: (1) the incompressibility $K_0$ of symmetric nuclear matter, (2) the slope $L$ of symmetry energy at saturation density and (3) the high-density behavior of symmetry energy. We find that the variation of either the density slope $L$ or the high-density behavior of symmetry energy leads to large changes in both the binding energy and curvature of neutron stars while effects of varying the more constrained $K_0$ are negligibly small. The difference in predictions using the GR and the ST theory appears only for massive neutron stars, and is significantly smaller than the differences resulting from variations in the symmetry energy. We conclude that within the ST theory of gravity, the EOS-gravity degeneracy has been broken by the recent relativistic pulsar measurements, and that measurements of neutron star properties sensitive to the compactness constrain mainly the density dependence of the symmetry energy.

Xiao-Tao He; F. J. Fattoyev; Bao-An Li; W. G. Newton

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

131

Optimizing future imaging survey of galaxies to confront dark energy and modified gravity models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the extent to which future imaging surveys of galaxies can distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity models for the origin of the cosmic acceleration. Dynamical dark energy models may have similar expansion rates as models of modified gravity, yet predict different growth of structure histories. We parametrize the cosmic expansion by the two parameters, w0 and wa, and the linear growth rate of density fluctuations by Linder’s ?, independently. Dark energy models generically predict ??0.55, while the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) model ??0.68. To determine if future imaging surveys can constrain ? within 20% (or ??survey such as the ongoing Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) project. Under the condition that the total observation time is fixed, we compute the figure of merit (FoM) as a function of the exposure time texp. We find that the tomography technique effectively improves the FoM, which has a broad peak around texp?several?10??min; a shallow and wide survey is preferred to constrain the ? parameter. While ??survey alone, one can improve the constraints by combining with a follow-up spectroscopic survey like Wide-field Fiber-fed Multi-Object Spectrograph (WFMOS) and/or future cosmic microwave background (CMB) observations.

Kazuhiro Yamamoto; David Parkinson; Takashi Hamana; Robert C. Nichol; Yasushi Suto

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

132

Optimizing future imaging survey of galaxies to confront dark energy and modified gravity models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the extent to which future imaging surveys of galaxies can distinguish between dark energy and modified gravity models for the origin of the cosmic acceleration. Dynamical dark energy models may have similar expansion rates as models of modified gravity, yet predict different growth of structure histories. We parameterize the cosmic expansion by the two parameters, $w_0$ and $w_a$, and the linear growth rate of density fluctuations by Linder's $\\gamma$, independently. Dark energy models generically predict $\\gamma \\approx 0.55$, while the DGP model $\\gamma \\approx 0.68$. To determine if future imaging surveys can constrain $\\gamma$ within 20 percent (or $\\Delta\\gammasurvey such as the on-going Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) project. Under the condition that the total observation time is fixed, we compute the Figure of Merit (FoM) as a function of the exposure time $\\texp$. We find that the tomography technique effectively improves the FoM, which has a broad peak around $\\texp\\simeq {\\rm several}\\sim 10$ minutes; a shallow and wide survey is preferred to constrain the $\\gamma$ parameter. While $\\Delta\\gamma survey alone, one can improve the constraints by combining with a follow-up spectroscopic survey like WFMOS and/or future CMB observations.

Kazuhiro Yamamoto; David Parkinson; Takashi Hamana; Robert C. Nichol; Yasushi Suto

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

133

Dark Energy and Equation of State Oscillations with Collisional Matter Fluid in Exponential Modified Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study some aspects of cosmological evolution in a universe described by a viable curvature corrected exponential $F(R)$ gravity model, in the presence of matter fluids consisting of collisional matter and radiation. Particularly, we express the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker equations of motion in terms of parameters that are appropriate for describing the dark energy oscillations and compare the dark energy density and the dark energy equation of state parameter corresponding to collisional and non-collisional matter. In addition to these, and owing to the fact that the cosmological evolution of collisional and non-collisional matter universes, when quantified in terms of the Hubble parameter and the effective equation of states parameters, is very much alike, we further scrutinize the cosmological evolution study by extending the analysis to the study of matter perturbations in the matter domination era. We quantify this analysis in terms of the growth factor of matter perturbations, in which case the result...

Oikonomou, V K; Park, Miok

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A gravity model for the Coso geothermal area, California | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gravity model for the Coso geothermal area, California gravity model for the Coso geothermal area, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: A gravity model for the Coso geothermal area, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Two- and three-dimensional gravity modeling was done using gridded Bouguer gravity data covering a 45 x 45 km region over the Coso geothermal area in an effort to identify features related to the heat source and to seek possible evidence for an underlying magma chamber. Isostatic and terrain corrected Bouguer gravity data for about 1300 gravity stations were obtained from the US Geological Survey. After the data were checked, the gravity values were gridded at 1 km centers for the area of interest centered on the Coso volcanic field. Most of the gravity

135

Softened Gravity and the Extension of the Standard Model up to Infinite Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Attempts to solve naturalness by having the weak scale as the only breaking of classical scale invariance have to deal with two severe difficulties: gravity and the absence of Landau poles. We show that solutions to the first problem require premature modifications of gravity at scales no larger than $10^{11}$ GeV, while the second problem calls for many new particles at the weak scale. To build models that fulfil these properties, we classify 4-dimensional Quantum Field Theories that satisfy Total Asymptotic Freedom (TAF): the theory holds up to infinite energy, where all coupling constants flow to zero. We develop a technique to identify such theories and determine their low-energy predictions. Since the Standard Model turns out to be asymptotically free only under the unphysical conditions $g_1 = 0$, $M_t = 186$ GeV, $M_\\tau = 0$, $M_h = 163$ GeV, we explore some of its weak-scale extensions that satisfy the requirements for TAF.

Gian F. Giudice; Gino Isidori; Alberto Salvio; Alessandro Strumia

2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

136

OSCAR API for Low-Power Multicores and Manycores,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR API for Low-Power Multicores and Manycores, and API Standard Translator Keiji Kimura;Current Application Development Environment for Multicores 3 } Parallel API } pthread (SMP) } Old thread } Message Passing API } NO Good API for Low-Power and Real-time Multicores! } Parallelizing Compilers

Kasahara, Hironori

137

DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Web Service (Draft)  

SciTech Connect

Documentation of the DOE Commercial Building Energy Asset Score application programming interface (API).

Elliott, Geoffrey; Wang, Na

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

138

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more cloud-like model, digital assets (code, data and software environments) increasingly require curation as web-accessible services. “Service-izing ” digital assets consists of encapsulating assets in software that exposes them to web and mobile applications via well-defined yet flexible, network accessible, application programming interfaces (APIs). In this paper, we postulate that recent advances in cloud computing make cloud platforms as-aservice (PaaS) ideal for deployment, lifecycle management, and policy-based control – i.e. API governance – for extant and future digital assets. Toward this end, we overview API governance as a PaaS technology and outline some early results generated by our investigation of a prototype we are developing, called EAGER, for implementing API governance at scale. Index Terms—API Governance; PaaS; cloud platforms; API similarity;

Ra Krintz; Hiranya Jayathilaka; Stratos Dimopoulos; Er Pucher; Rich Wolski; Tevfik Bultan

139

Performance Tools & APIs | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Storage & File Systems Compiling & Linking Queueing & Running Jobs Data Transfer Debugging & Profiling Performance Tools & APIs Tuning MPI on BGQ Tuning and Analysis...

140

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API error-handling specifications are often not documented, ... , we present a novel framework for mining API error-handling specifications automatically from API client code, without any user input. ... to disti...

Mithun Acharya; Tao Xie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Privacy Issues of the W3C Geolocation API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Framework 5 W3C Geolocation API Speci?cation 5.1 User Agentof the W3C Geolocation API Introduction With the advent ofIssues of the W3C Geolocation API What does it do? Google

Doty, Nick; Mulligan, Deirdre K.; Wilde, Erik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

API Chaser: Anti-analysis Resistant Malware Analyzer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API (Application Programming Interface) monitoring is an ... malware using several anti-analysis techniques to evade API monitoring. In this paper, we present our design and implementation of an API monitoring sy...

Yuhei Kawakoya; Makoto Iwamura…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Capitalizing the Designers’ Experience for Improving Web API Selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solutions for supporting Web API selection may depend, behind the compliance of ... request (according to user-specified tags, Web API technical features, such as protocols or data formats, Web API categories), o...

Devis Bianchini; Valeria De Antonellis…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

OSCAR APIOSCAR API (C or Fortran) (C or Fortran)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR APIOSCAR API 10.2.261 #12; 10.2.262 #12; (C or Fortran) (C or Fortran) OSCAR OSCAR API OSCAR API API API OpenMP B A SMP 10.2.263 #12;OSCAROSCAR · · · 1 · 2728 29 3031 32 33Data Localization Group ·CPU 10.2.264 #12;OSCAR API v1.0 200811200811 SMP

Kasahara, Hironori

145

Gauge/Gravity Duality, Green Functions of N=2 SYM and Radial/Energy-Scale Relation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider supergravity configuration of D5 branes wrapped on supersymmetric 2-cycles and use it to calculate one-point and two-point Green functions of some special operators in N=2 super Yang-Mills theory. We show that Green functions obtained from supergravity include two very different parts. One of them corresponds to perturbative results of quantum field theory, and another is a non-perturbative effect which corresponds to contribution from instantons with fractional charge. Comparing Green functions obtained from supergravity and gauge theory, we obtain radial/energy-scale relation for this gauge/gravity correspondence with N=2 supersymmetry. This relation leads right beta-function of N=2 SYM from supergravity configuration.

Xiao-Jun Wang; Seng Hu

2002-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

146

Holographic dark energy reconstruction of $f(T,\\mathcal{T})$ gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present paper reports a holographic reconstruction scheme for $f(T,\\mathcal T)$ gravity proposed in Harko et al. $\\emph{JCAP}\\; 12(2014)021$ where $T$ is the torsion scalar and $\\mathcal{T}$ is the trace of the energy-momentum tensor considering future event horizon as the enveloping horizon of the universe. We have considered $f(T, \\mathcal T)=T + \\gamma g(\\mathcal T)$ and $f(T,\\mathcal T) =\\beta \\mathcal T + g(T)$ for reconstruction. We observe that the derived $f(T,\\mathcal T)$ models can represent phantom or quintessence regimes of the universe which are compatible with the current observational data.

Salako, Ines G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Constraints on gravity and dark energy from the pairwise kinematic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the constraints on dark energy and cosmic modifications to gravity achievable with upcoming cosmic microwave background (CMB) surveys sensitive to the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effects. The analysis focuses on using the mean pairwise velocity of clusters as observed through the kinematic SZ effect (kSZ), an approach based on the same methods used for the first detection of the kSZ effect, and includes a detailed derivation and discussion of this statistic's covariance under a variety of different survey assumptions. The potential of current, Stage II, and upcoming, Stage III and Stage IV, CMB observations are considered, in combination with contemporaneous spectroscopic and photometric galaxy observations. A detailed assessment is made of the sensitivity to the assumed statistical and systematic uncertainties in the optical depth determination, the magnitude and uncertainty in the minimum detectable mass, and the importance of pairwise velocity correlations at small separations, where non-linear eff...

Mueller, Eva-Maria; Bean, Rachel; Niemack, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Report 1: JISC Good APIs Management Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report 1: JISC Good APIs Management Report A review of good practice in the provision of machine) Document Name: good_api_JISC_report_v0.8.doc Notes: Acknowledgements UKOLN is funded by the MLA to all those who gave up time to help with the report. Vital to this work were the people who filled

Rzepa, Henry S.

149

Using the HTML5 Web Storage API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we will explore what you can do with HTML5 Web Storage—sometimes referred to as DOMStorage—an API that makes it easy to persist data across web requests. Before the Web Storage API, remote web se...

Peter Lubbers; Brian Albers; Frank Salim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Towards Automated Invocation of Web APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper, targeting the large variety of Web APIs, presents an approach towards automated invocation of Web APIs. This approach applies a data schema, to the SAWSDL lowering schema mapping, a grounding mechanism that connects the ontological representations of Web APIs with their execution messages. It is intuitive to existing standard efforts and effective in coping with the heterogeneities witnessed by a majority of Web APIs. 1. Invocation of Linked Web APIs In recent years, the world of service on the Web has witnessed an increasing dominance of Web APIs over “classical ” Web services characterized by WSDL and SOAP [1]. The Semantic Web Service (SWS) community, aiming to increase the level of automation for tasks like discovery, composition and invocation through semantic descriptions, is challenged by the large variety of Web APIs, particularly when it comes to automated invocation. Not only are Web APIs heterogeneous in the forms of elements essential to their invocation, such as address URI, but they also lack machine processable descriptions to address this heterogeneity [1]. hRESTS, a

Ning Li; Carlos Pedrinaci; Jacek Kopecky; Maria Maleshkova; Dong Liu; John Domingue

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Model-independent constraints on dark energy and modified gravity with the SKA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Employing a nonparametric approach of the principal component analysis (PCA), we forecast the future constraint on the equation of state $w(z)$ of dark energy, and on the effective Newton constant $\\mu(k,z)$, which parameterise the effect of modified gravity, using the planned SKA HI galaxy survey. Combining with the simulated data of Planck and Dark Energy Survey (DES), we find that SKA Phase 1 (SKA1) and SKA Phase 2 (SKA2) can well constrain $3$ and $5$ eigenmodes of $w(z)$ respectively. The errors of the best measured modes can be reduced to 0.04 and 0.023 for SKA1 and SKA2 respectively, making it possible to probe dark energy dynamics. On the other hand, SKA1 and SKA2 can constrain $7$ and $20$ eigenmodes of $\\mu(k,z)$ respectively within 10\\% sensitivity level. Furthermore, 2 and 7 modes can be constrained within sub percent level using SKA1 and SKA2 respectively. This is a significant improvement compared to the combined datasets without SKA.

Zhao, Gong-Bo; Maartens, Roy; Santos, Mario; Raccanelli, Alvise

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

API Requirements for Dynamic Graph Prediction  

SciTech Connect

Given a large-scale time-evolving multi-modal and multi-relational complex network (a.k.a., a large-scale dynamic semantic graph), we want to implement algorithms that discover patterns of activities on the graph and learn predictive models of those discovered patterns. This document outlines the application programming interface (API) requirements for fast prototyping of feature extraction, learning, and prediction algorithms on large dynamic semantic graphs. Since our algorithms must operate on large-scale dynamic semantic graphs, we have chosen to use the graph API developed in the CASC Complex Networks Project. This API is supported on the back end by a semantic graph database (developed by Scott Kohn and his team). The advantages of using this API are (i) we have full-control of its development and (ii) the current API meets almost all of the requirements outlined in this document.

Gallagher, B; Eliassi-Rad, T

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

153

Ground Gravity Survey At Clear Lake Area (Skokan, 1993) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Gravity Survey At Clear Lake Area (Skokan, 1993) Ground Gravity Survey At Clear Lake Area (Skokan, 1993) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Clear Lake Area (Skokan, 1993) Exploration Activity Details Location Clear Lake Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A detailed gravity survey (Isherwood, 1975) was undertaken as a follow-up to a regional gravity survey of the area in order to detail a low in the Clear Lake volcanics. The low (Fig. 5 ) was thought to be caused by an intrusion of molten rock which would be mass deficient. Modeling and interpretation indicated a+K139 chamber-like feature with a radius of approximately 7 km within 7-8 km of the surface. References

154

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Cleanweb hackathons? Home > Groups > Developer Submitted by Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:23 1 answer Points: 0 There are a few that I know of: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources is the list on OpenEI (please add/edit the page if you want!) Also check out http://cleanweb.co/apis and http://cleanweb.co/datasets for APIs and datasets developers can use! Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:24 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Thank you Jon, I know about th... Hi Yury-Thank you for your i... source code for OpenEI extensions Timo,My apologies for the ... Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) more Group members (19) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

155

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Where can I find APIs and other resources for developers competing at Cleanweb hackathons? Home > Groups > Developer Submitted by Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:23 1 answer Points: 0 There are a few that I know of: http://en.openei.org/wiki/Help:Energy_Hackathon_Resources is the list on OpenEI (please add/edit the page if you want!) Also check out http://cleanweb.co/apis and http://cleanweb.co/datasets for APIs and datasets developers can use! Rmckeel on 25 June, 2012 - 07:24 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content Thank you Jon, I know about th... Hi Yury-Thank you for your i... source code for OpenEI extensions Timo,My apologies for the ... Browse by region (RaphaelSVGMap) more Group members (19) Managers: Rmckeel Recent members:

156

Ground Gravity Survey At Fort Bliss Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Exploration Activity Details Location Fort Bliss Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January...

157

www.hsnlab.hu Security API analysis with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HSNLab www.hsnlab.hu Security API analysis with the applied pi-calculus Ta Vinh Thong, mérnök BME-HIT, , supervisor: Levente Buttyán Dr. Motivation · In real life, security APIs may contain few hundred calls. · API attacks are very subtle. Most of the com- mercially available APIs had flaws

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

158

Web API Verification: Results and Challenges Brown University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web API Verification: Results and Challenges Arjun Guha Brown University Providence, RI arjun Web applications use several APIs to build rich features. For example, the W3C Geolocation API that enables offline access, and the Google Maps API allows applications to embed customized maps. Some

Krishnamurthi, Shriram

159

Using Structure-Based Recommendations to Facilitate Discoverability in APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Structure-Based Recommendations to Facilitate Discoverability in APIs Ekwa Duala the API elements necessary to implement a task are not accessible from the types they are working with. We propose an approach that leverages the structural relationships between API elements to make API methods

Robillard, Martin

160

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka-defined and published interfaces (APIs), as modules in their applications. Public versions of these web APIs emerge to be able to estimate the workload associated with "porting" (or migrating) an application to a new API

California at Santa Barbara, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Improving API Usage through Automatic Detection of Redundant Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving API Usage through Automatic Detection of Redundant Code David Kawrykow and Martin P Programming Interfaces (APIs). We have observed many cases where APIs are used in ways that are not the most effective. We developed a technique and tool support to automatically detect such patterns of API usage

Robillard, Martin

162

Detecting Inefficient API Usage David Kawrykow and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detecting Inefficient API Usage David Kawrykow and Martin P. Robillard School of Computer Science (APIs). We have observed many cases where APIs are used in ways that are not efficient. We developed a technique to automatically detect inefficient API usage in software projects. The main hypothesis underlying

Robillard, Martin

163

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie Department}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract. API error-handling specifications are often not documented, necessi- tating automated present a novel framework for mining API error- handling specifications automatically from API client code

Xie, Tao

164

Evaluating the Reference and Representation of Domain Concepts in APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluating the Reference and Representation of Domain Concepts in APIs Daniel Ratiu, Jan Jürjens ICPC 12 June 2008 #12;Domain specific APIs reflect the domain knowledge Programs World c b d API reflection of domain Developed program a Domain knowledge Real World #12;APIs' Quality through

Jurjens, Jan

165

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Ta Vinh Thong #12;Contents · HSM and security API · A simplified API · PIN attacks · Challenges · The Spi calculus · My contribution · Automatic analysis · Electronic commerce IBM 4758 VSM Prism #12;What is a Security API ? · to invoke the functions provided

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

166

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 10.54 10.05 12.65 12.19 14.05 14.85 14.24 February ............... 9.32 9.84 12.05 12.95 13.79 14.15 14.30 March .................... 9.60 10.17 12.46 13.55 13.82 14.04 13.70 April ...................... 10.68 11.51 14.36 14.43 15.22 W 15.21 May ....................... 11.45 12.42 14.99 15.80 16.25 15.69 W June ...................... 11.91 13.58 15.99 16.09 17.08 W 17.47 July ....................... 13.01 14.49 16.88 16.64 17.75 16.96 17.61 August .................. 10.66 13.12 14.83 15.57 16.94 W 17.40 September ............ 11.55 12.22 14.73 15.30 15.93 16.09 16.00 October ................. 11.66 13.14 14.93 15.12 16.57 W 16.10 November ............. 11.93 13.08 14.83 15.41 17.02 17.03 16.73 December ............. 12.46 12.67 14.50 14.94 16.03 15.87 16.78 1994 .........................

167

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ............... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March .................... 15.41 16.74 19.23 19.51 20.27 W 21.05 April ...................... 15.57 17.62 20.70 19.82 21.59 W W May ....................... 14.81 16.32 19.02 18.88 19.91 20.09 20.04 June ...................... 14.93 15.97 18.12 18.22 19.21 18.91 W July ....................... 15.44 16.41 18.79 18.86 20.09 20.29 W August .................. 16.18 17.08 19.81 20.11 21.08 20.29 20.89 September ............ 17.99 19.26 21.64 21.73 22.94 W 21.56 October ................. 18.18 20.18 22.92 22.52 24.46 W 23.70 November ............. 17.80 18.94 21.76 22.02 23.59 23.07 W December ............. 18.07 19.22 22.19 21.93 24.41 24.38 24.99 1996 .........................

168

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ............... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March .................... 12.81 13.71 17.11 17.39 18.77 19.71 20.50 April ...................... 12.60 13.90 16.70 16.93 18.84 18.92 W May ....................... 12.22 13.65 16.60 16.49 18.43 18.95 19.50 June ...................... 11.16 12.43 16.00 16.03 17.57 W W July ....................... 10.58 11.85 14.62 15.31 16.71 18.97 17.50 August .................. 11.48 12.09 14.17 15.03 16.64 W 18.55 September ............ 11.81 12.01 14.23 14.49 16.21 16.48 17.04 October ................. 11.17 11.89 14.13 14.93 16.46 16.71 16.61 November ............. 9.61 10.21 13.27 13.92 15.35 16.21 W December ............. 8.93 9.31 11.02 12.03 13.68 14.54 13.55 1993 .........................

169

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ................. 12.46 13.20 15.27 15.78 16.81 15.82 17.02 February ............... 12.97 13.69 16.13 16.28 17.21 17.12 W March .................... 13.46 14.38 16.14 16.87 17.32 16.88 17.86 April ...................... 15.01 15.89 17.65 17.87 18.72 17.87 18.00 May ....................... 15.17 15.91 17.62 17.44 18.68 18.51 18.85 June ...................... 13.75 14.53 16.30 16.35 17.48 18.04 17.72 July ....................... 12.98 13.20 15.28 15.46 16.18 W 16.48 August .................. 12.71 13.46 15.83 15.48 16.47 W 16.46 September ............ 12.85 13.27 15.90 15.55 16.87 W 17.04 October ................. 11.69 12.42 15.05 15.31 16.52 W 16.66 November ............. 12.76 12.85 15.29 16.09 16.99 16.76 17.83 December ............. 13.86 14.23 16.63 16.08 18.14 17.79 W 1995 .........................

170

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 85.39 56.38 71.54 96.89 97.49 95.87 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 84.76 55.68 71.07 93.32 91.32 88.35 1978-2013 25.1 to...

171

Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 87.10 54.05 72.40 101.30 102.79 99.40 1993-2013 20.1 to 25.0 91.01 55.66 75.04 103.07 101.56 100.70 1993-2013 25.1...

172

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 11.69 12.53 15.50 16.21 17.71 17.57 W February ... 12.19 13.21 16.75 16.98 18.68 18.67 18.63 March ... 12.81 13.71...

173

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1997 January ... 16.99 18.37 22.62 21.89 24.21 22.07 22.08 February ... 13.75 16.25 20.15 19.27 21.61 21.61 W March ... 13.39 14.96...

174

Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 13.22 14.08 15.13 17.20 16.66 16.20 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 23.50 26.11 26.01 27.47 29.77 33.87 1978-2013 25.1 to...

175

Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1996 January ... 13.37 13.78 16.32 17.32 18.36 18.65 W February ... 14.23 14.73 17.14 18.38 18.10 19.58 W March ... 15.41 16.74 19.23...

176

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar-14 Apr-14 May-14 Jun-14 Jul-14 Aug-14 View History 20.0 or Less 93.24 95.96 96.48 98.51 93.70 88.59 1983-2014 20.1 to 25.0 87.49 88.31 91.10 93.45 90.45 86.28 1983-2014...

177

The JANA Calibrations and Conditions Database API  

SciTech Connect

Calibrations and conditions databases can be accessed from within the JANA Event Processing framework through the API defined in its JCalibration base class. The API is designed to support everything from databases, to web services to flat files for the backend. A Web Service backend using the gSOAP toolkit has been implemented which is particularly interesting since it addresses many modern cybersecurity issues including support for SSL. The API allows constants to be retrieved through a single line of C++ code with most of the context, including the transport mechanism, being implied by the run currently being analyzed and the environment relieving developers from implementing such details.

David Lawrence

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

A Flexible API and Editor for SKOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This poster presents a programmatic interface (SKOS API) and plugin for Protégé 4 for editing and working with the Simple Knowledge Organisation System (SKOS). The SKOS API has been designed to work with SKOS models at a high level of abstraction to aid developers of applications that use SKOS. We discuss SKOSEd, a tool for authoring and editing SKOS artefacts. A key aspect to the design of the API and editor is how SKOS relates to OWL and what existing OWL infrastructure can be exploited to work with SKOS. 1.

unknown authors

179

Wormholes in viable $f(R)$ modified theories of gravity and Weak Energy Condition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work wormholes in viable $f(R)$ gravity models are analysed. We are interested in exact solutions for stress-energy tensor components depending on different shape and redshift functions. Several solutions of gravitational equations for different $f(R)$ models are examined. Found solutions imply no need for exotic material, while this need is implied in the standard general theory of relativity. Simple expression for WEC violation near the throat is derived and analysed. High curvature regime is also discussed, as well as the question of the highest possible values of Ricci scalar for which WEC is not violated near the throat, and corresponding functions are calculated for the several models. The approach here differs from the one that has been common since no additional assumptions to simplify the equations are made, and functions in $f(R)$ models are not taken to be arbitrary functions, but rather a feature of the theory that has to be evaluated on the basis of consistency with observations for the Solar System and cosmological evolution.

Petar Pavlovi?; Marko Sossich

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

1. GRAPHICS API EVOLUTION AND SHADING LANGUAGES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Starting late 1980s specialized 3D graphics hardware had been included in graphics workstations, in late 1990s almost every desktop PC had 3D graphics accelerator. At present time the GPU has become a standard part of any desktop or mobile computer system. Graphics APIs were developed in parallel with 3D hardware and from generation to generation they were absorbing all new features of hardware. Two major APIs ’ OpenGL and DirectX have significant influence on GPU architecture development as well as GPU technology achievements introduce new functionality to those APIs. This presentation describes the latest history of API and GPU co-development based on personal experience.

Timour Paltashev

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Modifications of gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...requirement of cold dark matter (CDM...gravity|cosmology|dark energy| 1. Introduction...cosmology). The discovery that the expansion...the form of cold dark matter (CDM...and perhaps dark energy (DE) [22-26...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Momentum and Energy Transport by Gravity Waves in Stochastically Driven Stratified Flows. Part I: Radiation of Gravity Waves from a Shear Layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the emission of internal gravity waves from a local westerly shear layer is studied. Thermal and/or vorticity forcing of the shear layer with a wide range of frequencies and scales can lead to strong emission of gravity waves in ...

Nikolaos A. Bakas; Petros J. Ioannou

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

E-Print Network 3.0 - abejas africanizadas apis Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 AspectJ Javadoc Michihiro HORIE Shigeru CHIBA horie,chiba@csg.is.titech.ac.jp API Aspect... J Javadoc API AOP Javadoc API Javadoc 1 API Application Programming Interface...

184

E-Print Network 3.0 - apie visuotin bibliografij Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 AspectJ Javadoc Michihiro HORIE Shigeru CHIBA horie,chiba@csg.is.titech.ac.jp API Aspect... J Javadoc API AOP Javadoc API Javadoc 1 API Application Programming Interface...

185

Second Round of American Energy Data Challenge Winners Announced...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Second Prize (5,000): e-lite Power Use Planner Best Use of the Home Energy Score Tool API (7,500) Home Energy Hunt Best Use of the Commercial Building Energy Asset Score API...

186

API Peer Reviews: A Method for Evaluating Usability of Application Programming Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

API usability tests in the lab are time and resource intensive, thus allowing a relatively small percentage of the API namespace to be evaluated. We describe a group-based usability inspection method – API Peer Reviews – to evaluate API usability. Based on an analysis of usability breakdowns from API Peer Reviews and API usability tests, results show that API Peer Reviews identified breakdowns across several cognitive dimensions, some of which were different than what was identified by API usability tests. We reflect on the adoption of API Peer Reviews as a collaborative practice in organizations for evaluating API usability. Author Keywords API usability, cognitive dimensions, usability inspection.

Umer Farooq; Dieter Zirkler

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Toksoz, Et Al, 2010) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cove Fort Area (Toksoz, Et Al, 2010) Cove Fort Area (Toksoz, Et Al, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Gravity Survey At Cove Fort Area (Toksoz, Et Al, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Cove Fort Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Gravity Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes We have collected various geophysical data around the geothermal field, including heat flow, gravity, MT, seismic surface wave phase and group velocity maps, seismic body wave travel time data and full seismic waveforms. All of these geophysical data sets have different strengths on characterizing subsurface structures and properties. Combining these data through a coordinated analysis and, when possible, by joint inversion

188

Joint IEEE - SISCI API Meetings 24 November 1998 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ion Layer. The critical question now is what is the scope of the IEEE and SISCI API ? Both claim to be a distributed shared memory API. Joint IEEE - SISCI API Meetings 24 November 1998 3 2.3.2 SISCI-API highlights and status Hugo Kohmann (Dolphin) reviewed the succssive developments of the SCI test driver, Cluster software, Interconnect Resource Manager (IRM), ,and the layering of the SISCI API software architecture [3]. The SISCI API is a low level API, exports SCI and adapter features (contained in the GENIF layer) to user space without sacrificing bandwidth, hides data structures and is portable (as it is independant of the OS and SCI adapter). Main SISCI features: construction of SCI memory segments, mapping of SCI memory segments, queuing of DMA rtequests, registration of interrupt handlers, triggering of remote interrupt handlers, error checking and barriers, protection and priviledged operations (CSR access). Status: the SISCI API is available on PC/WNT and ported to Linux, ...

Joint Ieee Sisci; Volker Lindenstruth (ieee

189

OpenMP: An API for Portable Shared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OpenMP: An API for Portable Shared Memory Programming Alfred Park February 26, 2003 OpenMP: What: remote memory access (non- local memory) ­ NUMA (clusters, grids) OpenMP: What is it? ! OpenMP API

Sherrill, David

190

OpenMP: An API for Writing Portable SMP Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OpenMP: An API for Writing Portable SMP Application Software Tim Mattson Intel Corporation Standards for parallel programming l Thread Libraries ­ Win32 API - a low level approach. ­ threads

191

How Do Developers React to RESTful API Evolution?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With the rapid adoption of REpresentational State Transfer (REST), more software organizations expose their applications as RESTful web APIs and client code developers integrate RESTful APIs into their applicatio...

Shaohua Wang; Iman Keivanloo; Ying Zou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Momentum and Energy Transport by Gravity Waves in Stochastically Driven Stratified Flows. Part II: Radiation of Gravity Waves from a Gaussian Jet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interaction between the midlatitude jet and gravity waves is examined, focusing on the nonnormality of the underlying linear dynamics, which plays an essential role in processing the wave activity and selecting structures that dominate wave ...

Nikolaos A. Bakas; Brian F. Farrell

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Cloud API Issues: an Empirical Study and Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Outages to the cloud infrastructures have been widely publicized and it would be easy to conclude that application developers only need to be concerned with large scale cloud provider infrastructure outages. Unfortunately, this is not the case. In-cloud applications heavily rely on cloud infrastructure APIs (directly or indirectly through scripts and consoles) for many sporadic activities such as deployment change, scaling out/in, backup, recovery and migration. Failures and/or issues around API calls are a large source of faults that could lead to application failures, especially during sporadic activities. Infrastructure outages can also be greatly exacerbated by API-related issues. In this paper we present an empirical study of issues in Amazon EC2 APIs. Some of the major findings around API issues include: 1) A majority (60%) of the cases of API failures are related to “stuck ” API calls or unresponsive API calls. 2) A significant portion (12%) of the cases of API failures are about slow responsive API calls. 3) 19 % of the cases of API failures are related to the output issues of API calls, including failed calls with unclear error messages, as well as missing output, wrong output, and unexpected output of API calls. 4) There are 9 % cases of API failures reporting that their calls (performing some actions and expecting a state change) were pending for a certain time and then returned to the original state without informing the caller properly or the calls were reported to be successful first but failed later. We also classify the causes of API issues and discuss the impact of API issues on application architectures.

Qinghua Lu; Liming Zhu; Len Bass; Xiwei Xu; Zhanwen Li; Hiroshi Wada

194

ENERGY CONSERVATION AND GRAVITY WAVES IN SOUND-PROOF TREATMENTS OF STELLAR INTERIORS. PART I. ANELASTIC APPROXIMATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Typical flows in stellar interiors are much slower than the speed of sound. To follow the slow evolution of subsonic motions, various sound-proof equations are in wide use, particularly in stellar astrophysical fluid dynamics. These low-Mach number equations include the anelastic equations. Generally, these equations are valid in nearly adiabatically stratified regions like stellar convection zones, but may not be valid in the sub-adiabatic, stably stratified stellar radiative interiors. Understanding the coupling between the convection zone and the radiative interior is a problem of crucial interest and may have strong implications for solar and stellar dynamo theories as the interface between the two, called the tachocline in the Sun, plays a crucial role in many solar dynamo theories. Here, we study the properties of gravity waves in stably stratified atmospheres. In particular, we explore how gravity waves are handled in various sound-proof equations. We find that some anelastic treatments fail to conserve energy in stably stratified atmospheres, instead conserving pseudo-energies that depend on the stratification, and we demonstrate this numerically. One anelastic equation set does conserve energy in all atmospheres and we provide recommendations for converting low-Mach number anelastic codes to this set of equations.

Brown, Benjamin P.; Zweibel, Ellen G. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Vasil, Geoffrey M., E-mail: bpbrown@astro.wisc.edu [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

195

Implementation of smart antenna API and transceiver API in software communication architecture for a wireless innovation forum standard  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents an implementation of the standard smart antenna (SA) application programming interface (API) and Transceiver API developed by the wireless innovation forum’s ... smart antenna working group (S...

June Kim; Chiyoung Ahn; Seungwon Choi…

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

UCSD Global Health Minor Field Experiences Academic Programs International (API)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UCSD Global Health Minor Field Experiences Academic Programs International (API) Academic Programs International (API) is an educational organization dedicated to providing challenging and enriching study abroad with the goal of helping students grow more self- aware and culturally sensitive. API is committed to providing

Tsien, Roger Y.

197

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos Interface (API)" o Common entry point for access & control" o By client apps and browsers" o Functional Application Programming Interface (API)" o Common entry point for access & control" o By client apps

Bigelow, Stephen

198

REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REVIEW ARTICLE Standard methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera Keith S Delaplane1 polinización con Apis mellifera Resumen En este capítulo se presenta una síntesis de las recomendaciones para methods for pollination research with Apis mellifera. In V Dietemann; J D Ellis; P Neumann (Eds

Delaplane, Keith S.

199

NEUE ASPEKTE DER PHYLOGENIE INNERHALB DER GATTUNG APIS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEUE ASPEKTE DER PHYLOGENIE INNERHALB DER GATTUNG APIS* Aspects nouveaux de la phylogenèse du genre Apis Nikolaus KOENIGER Institut für Bienenkunde an der Universität FrankfurilMain, OberursellTs., Im Rothkopf 5 SUMMARY NEW PHYLOGENETIC ASPECTS OF THE GENUS APIS Comparing the four rezent species

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

Apis mellifera semen: bacterial contamination and susceptibility to antibiotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Apis mellifera semen: bacterial contamination and susceptibility to antibiotics Cecilia Irene ­ The aims of this study were to identify the bacterial genera and species present in semen of Apis mellifera in sperm samples diluted in buffer with antibiotic was similar to that of pure semen. Apis mellifera

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Type-Based Analysis of Generic Key Management APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Type-Based Analysis of Generic Key Management APIs Pedro Ad~ao1,2 , Riccardo Focardi3, Universit`a Ca' Foscari, Venezia, Italy Abstract In the past few years, cryptographic key management APIs. In fact, real APIs provide mechanisms to declare the intended use of keys but they are not strong enough

202

The Implications of Method Placement on API Learnability Jeffrey Stylos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Implications of Method Placement on API Learnability Jeffrey Stylos Carnegie Mellon University@cs.cmu.edu ABSTRACT To better understand what makes Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) hard to use and how to improve them, recent research has begun studying programmers' strategies and use of APIs. It was found

Myers, Brad A.

203

IPSJ SIG Technical Report Automatic parallelization with OSCAR API Analyzer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IPSJ SIG Technical Report Automatic parallelization with OSCAR API Analyzer: a cross have devel- oped the OSCAR API Analyzer. It allows programs automatically parallelized by the OSCAR compiler with OSCAR API directives to target many different platforms using just sequential compilers. We

Kasahara, Hironori

204

Automatic Discovery of API-Level Vulnerabilities Vinod Ganapathy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Automatic Discovery of API-Level Vulnerabilities Vinod Ganapathy , Sanjit A. Seshia , Somesh Jha-MADISON COMPUTER SCIENCES TECHNICAL REPORT: UW-CS-TR-1512, JULY 2004. Abstract A system is vulnerable to an API-level attack if its security can be compromised by invoking an allowed sequence of operations from its API. We

Ganapathy, Vinod

205

Mechanical Characteristics of Submerged Arc Weldment in API Gas Pipeline Steel of Grade X65  

SciTech Connect

The mechanical properties of submerged arc weldment (SAW) in gas transportation pipeline steel of grade API X65 (65 ksi yield strength) were investigated. This steel is produced by thermo mechanical control rolled (TMC), and is largely used in Iran gas piping systems and networks. The results from laboratory study on three different regions; i.e. base metal (BM), fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ) were used to compare weldment mechanical characteristics with those specified by API 5L (revision 2004) standard code. Different laboratory experiments were conducted on test specimens taken from 48 inch outside diameter and 14.3 mm wall thickness gas pipeline. The test results showed a gradient of microstructure and Vickers hardness data from the centerline of FZ towards the unaffected MB. Similarly, lower Charpy absorbed energy (compared to BM) was observed in the FZ impact specimens. Despite this, the API specifications were fulfilled in three tested zones, ensuring pipeline structural integrity under working conditions.

Hashemi, S. H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birjand, POBOX 97175-376, Birjand (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mohammadyani, D. [Materials and Energy Research Center (MERC) POBOX 14155-4777, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

Help:Energy Hackathon Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Help page Help page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Help:Energy Hackathon Resources Jump to: navigation, search Energy Hackathon Resources (Data, APIs, Examples) for Cleanweb Hacks and Energy Mashups Join the OpenEI Energy Developer Community! Community-banner.jpg The OpenEI Developer Community is a great place to have meaningful conversations around energy datasets and APIs. Also available: energy programmer Q&A. With your log-in account, ask questions on energy development issues, find APIs and be a part of discussions that are shaping the future of open energy data and resources. Browse Energy APIs Energy API browser promo.jpg NEW: browse energy APIs available to developers! style=clear: both Energy datasets OpenEI now federates datasets from a variety of resources. Check out its

207

Anisotropy of Charpy Properties in API-X80 Steels MinSung Jooa, Dong-Woo Suha, Jin-Ho Baeb and H. K. D. H. Bhadeshiaa,c  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anisotropy of Charpy Properties in API-X80 Steels MinSung Jooa, Dong-Woo Suha, Jin-Ho Baeb and H. K~724 MPa Yield Ratio 93 % 81~87 % CVN Energy at -40°C 110 J 300~350 J API-X80 Steel Fe-(0.05~0.07)C-0. Anisotropic behavior in Charpy toughness of API-X80 steel Summary 2010 Autumn Conference of the Korean

Cambridge, University of

208

? About Bing API Version 2.0 Getting Started: Using Bing API from a Browser Incorporating Advertisements into Results Using the API from Programmable Environments Appendix: Terms of Use Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This whitepaper introduces Bing API Version 2.0 and provides the information you need to begin developing applications with the API. The paper consists of these sections:

About Bing

209

API Design for C++, 1st edition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design of application programming interfaces can affect the behavior, capabilities, stability, and ease of use of end-user applications. With this book, you will learn how to design a good API for large-scale long-term projects. With extensive C++ ...

Martin Reddy

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Help:Energy Hackathon Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Help page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Help:Energy Hackathon Resources Jump to: navigation, search Energy Hackathon Resources (Data, APIs, Examples) for Cleanweb Hacks and Energy Mashups Join the OpenEI Energy Developer Community! Community-banner.jpg The OpenEI Developer Community is a great place to have meaningful conversations around energy datasets and APIs. Also available: energy programmer Q&A. With your log-in account, ask questions on energy development issues, find APIs and be a part of discussions that are shaping the future of open energy data and resources. Browse Energy APIs Energy API browser promo.jpg NEW: browse energy APIs available to

211

Web API growing pains: Loosely coupled yet strongly tied  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Web \\{APIs\\} provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-to-application interaction. Developers using web \\{APIs\\} are forced to accompany the API providers in their software evolution tasks. In order to understand the distress caused by this imposition on web API client developers we perform a semi-structured interview with six such developers. We also investigate how major web API providers organize their API evolution, and we explore how this affects source code changes of their clients. Our exploratory qualitative study of the Twitter, Google Maps, Facebook and Netflix web \\{APIs\\} analyzes the state of web API evolution practices and provides insight into the impact of service evolution on client software. In order to complement the picture and also understand how web API providers deal with evolution, we investigate the server-side and client-side evolution of two open-source web APIs, namely VirtualBox and XBMC. Our study is complemented with a set of observations regarding best practices for web API evolution.

Tiago Espinha; Andy Zaidman; Hans-Gerhard Gross

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Counterterms in Lovelock Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce the counterterms that remove the non-logarithmic divergences of the action in third order Lovelock gravity. We do this by defining the cosmological constant in such a way that the asymptotic form of the metric have the same form in Lovelock and Einstein gravities. Thus, we employ the counterterms of Einstein gravity and show that the power law divergences in the action of Lovelock gravity can be removed by suitable choice of coefficients. We find that the dependence of these coefficients on the dimension in Lovelock gravity is the same as in Einstein gravity. We also introduce the finite energy-momentum tensor and employ these counterterms to calculate the finite action and mass of the black hole solutions of third order Lovelock gravity. We calculate the thermodynamic quantities and show that the entropy calculated through the use of Gibbs-Duhem relation is consistent with the obtained entropy by Wald's formula. We, also, find that in contrast to Einstein gravity in which there ex...

Mehdizadeh, M R; Zangeneh, M Kord

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Dry coating of micronized API powders for improved dissolution of directly compacted tablets with high drug loading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Motivated by our recent study showing improved flow and dissolution rate of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) powders (20 ?m) produced via simultaneous micronization and surface modification through continuous fluid energy milling (FEM) process, the performance of blends and direct compacted tablets with high drug loading is examined. Performance of 50 ?m API powders dry coated without micronization is also considered for comparison. Blends of micronized, non-micronized, dry coated or uncoated API powders at 30, 60 and 70% drug loading, are examined. The results show that the blends containing dry coated API powders, even micronized ones, have excellent flowability and high bulk density compared to the blends containing uncoated API, which are required for direct compaction. As the drug loading increases, the difference between dry coated and uncoated blends is more pronounced, as seen in the proposed bulk density-FFC phase map. Dry coating led to improved tablet compactibility profiles, corresponding with the improvements in blend compressibility. The most significant advantage is in tablet dissolution where for all drug loadings, the t80 for the tablets with dry coated \\{APIs\\} was well under 5 min, indicating that this approach can produce nearly instant release direct compacted tablets at high drug loadings.

Xi Han; Chinmay Ghoroi; Rajesh Davé

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Compact binary systems in scalar-tensor gravity. III. Scalar waves and energy flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the scalar waveform generated by a binary of nonspinning compact objects (black holes or neutron stars) in a general class of scalar-tensor theories of gravity. The waveform is accurate to 1.5 post-Newtonian order [$O((v/c)^3)$] beyond the leading order tensor gravitational waves (the "Newtonian quadrupole"). To solve the scalar-tensor field equations, we adapt the direct integration of the relaxed Einstein equations formalism developed by Will, Wiseman, and Pati. The internal gravity of the compact objects is treated with an approach developed by Eardley. We find that the scalar waves are described by the same small set of parameters which describe the equations of motion and tensor waves. For black hole-black hole binaries, the scalar waveform vanishes, as expected from previous results which show that these systems in scalar-tensor theory are indistinguishable from their general relativistic counterparts. For black hole-neutron star binaries, the scalar waveform simplifies considerably from the g...

Lang, Ryan N

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

OSCAR API 64 Tilera JPEG XR 55 Optical Flow 30 MPEG2 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR API TILEPro64 C OSCAR API OSCAR API 64 Tilera TILEPro64 TILEPro64 64 OSCAR TILEPro64 applications on TILEPro64 using OSCAR API for embedded multicore Yohei Kishimoto, Hiroki Mikami, Keiichi Nakano by inserting compiler directives of OSCAR API, which enables parallel processing on the multicore for consumers

Kasahara, Hironori

216

Igniting the OWL 1.1 Touch Paper: The OWL API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Igniting the OWL 1.1 Touch Paper: The OWL API Matthew Horridge1 , Sean Bechhofer1 , and Olaf and implementation of an OWL 1.1 API, herein referred to as the OWL API . The API is designed to facilitate. The API is based on the OWL 1.1 specification and influenced by the experience of designing and using

Biundo, Susanne

217

_How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters1 How to Design a Good  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

_How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters1 How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters Joshua Bloch Principal Software Engineer #12;_How to Design a Good API and Why it Matters2 Why is API Design Important? · APIs can be among a company's greatest assets _ Customers invest heavily: buying, writing

Tomkins, Andrew

218

Combining Multiple Dimensions of Knowledge in API Migration Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining Multiple Dimensions of Knowledge in API Migration Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei1 , Mahdi dimensions of knowledge about APIs so that we can support API migration by wrapping or transformation in new ways. That is, we assess wrapper-based API re-implementations and provide guidance for migrating API

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

219

Report 2: API Good Practice Good Practice for provision of and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report 2: API Good Practice Good Practice for provision of and consuming APIs Document details Author: Marieke Guy Date: April 2009 Version: 0.2 (draft) Document Name: good_practice_api_ v0.2.doc by JISC. #12;JISC GOOD APIS REPORT 2 GOOD_PRACTICE_API_20090422.DOC APRIL 2009 Table of Contents 1

Rzepa, Henry S.

220

Aspect-Oriented Generation of the API Documentation for Michihiro Horie  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aspect-Oriented Generation of the API Documentation for AspectJ Michihiro Horie Tokyo Institute on application programming interface (API) is essential. The document on the API, which we call the API or library. In this paper, we present a tool named Com- mentWeaver, which generates the API documentation

Chiba, Shigeru

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

An Empirical Study of API Usability Marco Piccioni, Carlo A. Furia, and Bertrand Meyer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Empirical Study of API Usability Marco Piccioni, Carlo A. Furia, and Bertrand Meyer ETH Zurich Interfaces (APIs). Usability is therefore a funda- mental goal of API design, but rigorous empirical studies of API usability are still relatively uncommon. In this paper, we present the design of an API usability

Meyer, Bertrand

222

(OSCAR API ver. 2.0) http://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(OSCAR API ver. 2.0) http://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/ kasahara@waseda.jp Tel. 03 APIOSCAR OSCAR OSCAR OSCAR Many-core Chip , , #12;OSCAR API v2.0 · NEDO20081114OSCAR API ver.1.0 22CFortran2 CFortran DMAC OSCAR API ver.2.0OSCAR APIOSCAR API2012425http

Kasahara, Hironori

223

Unified Link Layer API: A generic and open API to manage wireless media access  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the Unified Link Layer API (ULLA) framework: an open and extensible API framework that incorporates a number of requirements related to a wide range of applications, including multi-mode and cross-layer optimisation scenarios. This work has been mainly motivated by the complexity and interoperability problems related to the large number of wireless \\{APIs\\} available today. ULLA provides database and object oriented service abstractions to applications through a generic query mechanism, a method to setup asynchronous notifications and a command interface. It encapsulates link level heterogeneity by defining a unified model for link technologies. We describe design details, various implementation options and discuss how the proposed ULLA design provides an extensible, scalable and platform independent framework, enabling seamless link access and control in various types of device platforms. Application programming using ULLA is illustrated using code examples. Numerous usage scenarios for ULLA are presented, highlighting unified access to heterogeneous link standards while encouraging application innovation.

Mahesh Sooriyabandara; Tim Farnham; Costas Efthymiou; Matthias Wellens; Janne Riihijärvi; Petri Mähönen; Alain Gefflaut; José Antonio Galache; Diego Melpignano; Arthur van Rooijen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Designing surveys for tests of gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Bean and Andrew Taylor Designing surveys for tests of gravity Bhuvnesh Jain * * bjain@physics...that the observational programme developed to test dark energy needs to be augmented to capture new tests of gravity on astrophysical scales. Several...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Article original Diffrenciation par le systme API 50 CH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Article original Différenciation par le système API 50 CH et électrophorèse des mycoplasmes Marcy-l'Ã?toile, France (Reçu le 15 janvier 1991; accepté le 11 juin 1991) Résumé ― Le système API'aspect des colonies lors de l'isolement, ainsi que les résultats fournis par le système API 50 CH ont permis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

Energy Contents of Some Well-Known Solutions in Teleparallel Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the context of teleparallel equivalent to General Relativity, we study energy and its relevant quantities for some well-known black hole solutions. For this purpose, we use the Hamiltonian approach which gives reasonable and interesting results. We find that our results of energy exactly coincide with several prescriptions in General Relativity. This supports the claim that different energy-momentum prescriptions can give identical results for a given spacetime. We also evaluate energy-momentum flux of these solutions.

M. Sharif; Abdul Jawad

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

227

Disentangling dark energy and cosmic tests of gravity from weak lensing systematics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......structure surveys such as the Dark Energy Survey (DES), the Subaru Measurement...Hyper Suprime-Cam,3 the Dark Energy Survey (DES)4 and the Large Synoptic...for optimizing cosmic shear surveys to measure dark energy in a related paper (Kirk......

Istvan Laszlo; Rachel Bean; Donnacha Kirk; Sarah Bridle

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

228

3.1 Pseudo-Random Function API Extension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With network security measures becoming more and more complicated, it became essential to provide programmers with the capability to write applications that are generic with respect to security. The Common Authentication Technology (CAT) Working Group of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) acknowledged this need and developed the Generic Security Service Application Programming Interface (GSS-API). After ten years of experience with GSS-API, the Kitten (GSS-API Next Generation) Working Group was formed to continue this development. This paper looks at the current issues that Kitten faces in improving the GSS-API.

Jp Hong

229

On The Roles of APIs in the Coordination of Collaborative Software Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. Pei (2006). MAPO: Mining API usages from open sourceAutomatic evaluation of API usability using complexityThe factory pattern in API design: A usability evaluation.

Souza, Cleidson R.; Redmiles, David F.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Paramics API Development Document for Actuated Signal, Signal Coordination and Ramp Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

etc. The current ramp API could be extended by theprovided by this actuated ramp API. Reference: 1. McShane,that the correct way to do the API programming for actuated

Liu, Henry X.; Chu, Lianyu; Recker, Will

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

COMPARING THE XAM API WITH FILE SYSTEM PROGRAMMING STEPHEN J. TODD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPARING THE XAM API WITH FILE SYSTEM PROGRAMMING BY STEPHEN J. TODD B.S.C.S. , University of New ................................................................................ 3 2. THE XAM API TO THE FILE SYSTEM API............................................ 37 6. XAM BENEFITS VERSUS THE FILE SYSTEM

New Hampshire, University of

232

Access to the University of California for Graduates of Low-API High Schools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Graduates of Low-API High Schools By Lisa Chavez andon the 2004 California Academic Performance Index (API).The API is an accountabil- ity measurement of school

Chavez, Lisa; Arredondo, Gabino

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Proposal of MMI-API and Library for JavaScript  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a multimodal interaction API (MMI-API) and a library for the development of web-based multimodal applications. The API and library enable us to embed synchronized ... and actions of dialogue a...

Kouichi Katsurada; Taiki Kikuchi…

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application Programming Interfaces (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse software libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage of an API. This paper presents the design and the results of an empirical study on the directives of API documentation of object-oriented libraries. Its main contribution is to propose and extensively discuss a taxonomy of 23 kinds of API directives.

Monperrus, Martin; Tekes, Elif; Mezini, Mira

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Proposed BackBone API Preliminary Draft v1.0  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Smart Trek Proposed BackBone API Preliminary Draft v1.0 Table of Contents 1.0) API diagram / Introduction 2.0) Requirements 3.0) Class skeletons 4.0) Isp Examples 4.1) Domain Inbound API example 4.2) SDD Inbound API example 4.3) SDD Outbound API example 4.4) ItsFrame Inbound API example 4.5) ItsFrame Outbound

236

Energy Contents of Some Non-Vacuum Spacetimes in Teleparallel Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper elaborates the problem of energy-momentum in the framework of teleparallel equivalent of General Relativity. For this purpose, we consider energy-momentum prescription derived from the integral form of the constraint equations developed in the Hamiltonian formulation of the teleparallel equivalent of General Relativity. We use this technique to investigate energy-momentum of stationary axisymmetric Einstein-Maxwell solutions and cosmic string spacetimes. The angular momentum, gravitational and matter energy-momentum fluxes of these spacetimes are also evaluated. It is concluded that the results of teleparallel theory are relatively analogous to the results of General Relativity.

M. Sharif; Sumaira Taj

2009-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera hymenoptera Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summary: (20) 47. Hymenoptera: Apidae Apis mellifera e Melipona spp., Trigona spp. n Panama 6 - Experimental... Displacement 64 October 11, 2002 48. Hymenoptera: Apidae Apis...

238

An Empirical Study of API Stability and Adoption in the Android Ecosystem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract—When APIs evolve, clients make corresponding changes to their applications to utilize new or updated APIs. Despite the benefits of new or updated APIs, developers are often slow to adopt the new APIs. As a first step toward understanding the impact of API evolution on software ecosystems, we conduct an in-depth case study of the co-evolution behavior of Android API and dependent applications using the version history data found in github. Our study confirms that Android is evolving fast at a rate of 115 API updates per month on average. Client adoption, however, is not catching up with the pace of API evolution. About 28 % of API references in client applications are outdated with a median lagging time of 16 months. 22 % of outdated API usages eventually upgrade to use newer API versions, but the propagation time is about 14 months, much slower than the average API release interval (3 months). Fast evolving APIs are used more by clients than slow evolving APIs but the average time taken to adopt new versions is longer for fast evolving APIs. Further, API usage adaptation code is more defect prone than the one without API usage adaptation. This may indicate that developers avoid API instability. I.

Tyler Mcdonnell; Baishakhi Ray; Miryung Kim

239

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha1-proteinase inhibitor api Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

api Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: alpha1-proteinase inhibitor api Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Protease Inhibitors -Application...

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera adansonii Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-774. Fletcher, G. J. C. (1978). The African bee, Apis mellifera adansonii, in Africa. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 23... 2448 INTRODUCTION The European honeybee, Apis mellifera,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Aristotle's Historia Animalium and Apis reproduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between 1831 and 1870]. It does appear that Aristotle had observed the waggle dance but, as was noted by Whitfield (1958), his interpretation was that of simply relieving the worker of its load and not of a communication system [as first demonstrated... dance and other fascinating aspects of honey bee biology over two thousand years ago. Engel: Aristotle and Apis reproduction2013 3 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am grateful to C.D. Michener and V.H. Gonzalez for comments on the text. This is a con- tribution...

Engel, Michael S.

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

242

Geometric scalar theory of gravity  

SciTech Connect

We present a geometric scalar theory of gravity. Our proposal will be described using the ''background field method'' introduced by Gupta, Feynman, Deser and others as a field theory formulation of general relativity. We analyze previous criticisms against scalar gravity and show how the present proposal avoids these difficulties. This concerns not only the theoretical complaints but also those related to observations. In particular, we show that the widespread belief of the conjecture that the source of scalar gravity must be the trace of the energy-momentum tensor — which is one of the main difficulties to couple gravity with electromagnetic phenomenon in previous models — does not apply to our geometric scalar theory. From the very beginning this is not a special relativistic scalar gravity. The adjective ''geometric'' pinpoints its similarity with general relativity: this is a metric theory of gravity. Some consequences of this new scalar theory are explored.

Novello, M.; Bittencourt, E.; Goulart, E.; Salim, J.M.; Toniato, J.D. [Instituto de Cosmologia Relatividade Astrofisica ICRA - CBPF Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150 - 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro - Brazil (Brazil); Moschella, U., E-mail: novello@cbpf.br, E-mail: eduhsb@cbpf.br, E-mail: Ugo.Moschella@uninsubria.it, E-mail: egoulart@cbpf.br, E-mail: jsalim@cbpf.br, E-mail: toniato@cbpf.br [Università degli Studi dell'Insubria - Dipartamento di Fisica e Matematica Via Valleggio 11 - 22100 Como - Italy (Italy)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

SIP APIs for voice and video communications on the web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Existing standard protocols for the web and Internet telephony fail to deliver real-time interactive communication from within a web browser. In particular, the client-server web protocol over reliable TCP is not always suitable for end-to-end low latency ... Keywords: SIP API for web communications, browser API, real-time web communication, voice and video

Carol Davids; Alan Johnston; Kundan Singh; Henry Sinnreich; Wilhelm Wimmreuter

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Original article Pollen sources for Apis mellifera L (Hym, Apidae)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Pollen sources for Apis mellifera L (Hym, Apidae) in Surinam, based on pollen samples were taken from Apis mellife- ra hives in Surinam in order to identify pollen sources) identified the sources of pollen col- lected by stingless bees in Surinam, our study is the first to examine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

245

Tool support for crosscutting concerns of API documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

developers have to write various documents such as the specifications of the software, bug tracking reportsTool support for crosscutting concerns of API documentation Michihiro Horie Tokyo Institute.csg.is.titech.ac.jp/~chiba ABSTRACT Writing detailed API (Application Programming Interface) documentation is a significant task

Chiba, Shigeru

246

API usability: Report on Special Interest Group at CHI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing (CHI) convened in Boston, MA (USA) from April 4-9, 2009. Included in this year’s technical program was a special interest group (SIG) meeting on API usability. This report summarizes the SIG, emphasizing the primary takeaways, which include a greater understanding of the types of APIs, case studies, and a place to share our multi-disciplinary results.

John M. Daughtry; Umer Farooq; Brad A. Myers; Jeffrey Stylos

247

Why are APIs difficult to learn and use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Application Programming Interface (API) comprises reusable functionality accessible through parameterized commands or functions. Examples include the Java and.NET class libraries, the C++ standard template library, and the system calls exposed by operating systems. An API serves as a foundation for creating applications by saving programmers the time necessary to code basic functionality from scratch.

Christopher Scaffidi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Original article Effects of Nosema apis Zander on inbred New  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Effects of Nosema apis Zander on inbred New Zealand honey bees (Apis mellifera ligustica L) LA Malone HA Giacon Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd, Mt Albert Research Centre, Private Bag 92 169, Auckland, New Zealand (Received 31 May 1996; accepted 16 December 1996

Boyer, Edmond

249

Utility Rate API v2 | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate API v2 Rate API v2 Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 11 September, 2012 - 07:35 There are updates coming through the pipe for the utility rate form. When these updates are deployed to production, then will allow ISU and anyone entering utility rates the ability to define and access richer data. This will cause some changes at the API level. Jordan from ISU is currently working on this. In an email, he noted: "I am working on the API and making sure that it will keep version 1 and make a version 2 to represent the new data. I am also working on a way to automatically convert the version 1 data into a format that version 2 can use and a way to make the data entered in the new version available in version 1 of the API. As

250

X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

251

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 -...

252

X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

253

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

selected States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 - by API gravity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 -...

254

Gravity Waves in the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present numerical simulations of penetrative convection and gravity wave excitation in the Sun. Gravity waves are self-consistently generated by a convective zone overlying a radiative interior. We produce power spectra for gravity waves in the radiative region as well as estimates for the energy flux of gravity waves below the convection zone. We calculate a peak energy flux in waves below the convection zone to be three orders of magnitude smaller than previous estimates for m=1. The simulations show that the linear dispersion relation is a good approximation only deep below the convective-radiative boundary. Both low frequency propagating gravity waves as well as higher frequency standing modes are generated; although we find that convection does not continually drive the standing g-mode frequencies.

Tamara M. Rogers; Gary A. Glatzmaier

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

255

Heavy quark free energy in QCD and in gauge theories with gravity duals  

SciTech Connect

Recent lattice results in pure glue SU(3) theory at high temperatures have shown that the expectation value of the renormalized Polyakov loop approaches its asymptotic limit at high temperatures from above. We show that this implies that the 'heavy quark free energy' obtained from the renormalized loop computed on the lattice does not behave like a true thermodynamic free energy. While this should be expected to occur in asymptotically free gauge theories such as QCD, we use the gauge/string duality to show that in a large class of strongly coupled gauge theories with nontrivial UV fixed points the Polyakov loop reaches its asymptotic value from above only if the dimension of the relevant operator used to deform the conformal field theory is greater than or equal to 3.

Noronha, Jorge [Department of Physics, Columbia University, 538 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

RCUK Gateway to Research GTR-2 API Page 1 of 10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RCUK Gateway to Research GTR-2 API Page 1 of 10 GATEWAY TO RESEARCH API 2 Version: 1.3 draft Published: 19/11/2013 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This document contains a technical summary of the GTR-2 API released to the GTR Beta system in November 2013. Other APIs have been available since March 2013 and are described

Berzins, M.

257

What Is the Price of Simplicity? A Cross-platform Evaluation of the SAGA API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Is the Price of Simplicity? A Cross-platform Evaluation of the SAGA API Mathijs den Burger1|oweidner|hkaiser}@cct.lsu.edu Abstract. The abundance of middleware to access grids and clouds and their often complex APIs hinders ease and standardization of SAGA: a Simple API for Grid Applications. SAGA provides a simple yet powerful API with high

Kielmann, Thilo

258

Mining API Patterns as Partial Orders from Source Code: From Usage Scenarios to Specifications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mining API Patterns as Partial Orders from Source Code: From Usage Scenarios to Specifications with third-party libraries through var- ious APIs. Using these library APIs often needs to follow certain usage patterns. Furthermore, ordering rules (specifications) exist between APIs, and these rules govern

Pei, Jian

259

Empirical Evidence of Large-Scale Diversity in API Usage of Object-Oriented Software  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Empirical Evidence of Large-Scale Diversity in API Usage of Object-Oriented Software Diego Mendez. This is not an exception, our experiment provides us with empirical evidence that a large scale diversity exists in "API usage"1 . 1We use the term "API usage" to reuse the same term as close work [5]. In this case, "API

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

OSCAR Parallelizing Compiler and API for Real-time Low Power Heterogeneous Multicores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR Parallelizing Compiler and API for Real-time Low Power Heterogeneous Multicores Akihiro and OSCAR API. OSCAR com- piler and OSCAR API realize coarse grain task parallel processing, data transfer. The compiler using the OSCAR API gives us speedups up to 32x for an optical flow program with 8 general purpose

Kasahara, Hironori

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Static Detection of API Error-Handling Bugs via Mining Source Code Mithun Acharya and Tao Xie}@csc.ncsu.edu Abstract Incorrect handling of errors incurred after API invoca- tions (in short, API errors) can lead to security and robust- ness problems, two primary threats to software reliability. Correct handling of API

Young, R. Michael

262

Web API Growing Pains: Stories from Client Developers and Their Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web API Growing Pains: Stories from Client Developers and Their Code Tiago Espinha, Andy Zaidman.g.gross}@tudelft.nl Abstract--Web APIs provide a systematic and extensible approach for application-to-application interaction. Developers using web APIs are forced to accompany the API providers in their software evolution tasks

Zaidman, Andy

263

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Network Routing Application Programmer's Interface (API) and Walk Through 9.0.1 Fabio Silva, John be accommodated with the same Network Routing API. An earlier version of this API was used by both network routing of this document describes the current API as used by the SCADDS implemen- tation. In addition to the Publish

Heidemann, John

264

Swing to SWT and Back: Patterns for API Migration by Wrapping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Swing to SWT and Back: Patterns for API Migration by Wrapping Thiago Tonelli Bartolomei-Landau Koblenz, Germany Abstract--Evolving requirements may necessitate API migra- tion--re-engineering an application to replace its dependence on one API with the dependence on another API for the same domain. One

Czarnecki, Krzysztof

265

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAPO: Mining API Usages from Open Source Repositories Tao Xie Department of Computer Science North by invoking their APIs. Those APIs, however, are often com- plex and not well documented, posing barriers for developers to use them in new client code. To get familiar with how those APIs are used, developers may

Xie, Tao

266

MAPO: Mining and Recommending API Usage Patterns Hao Zhong1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAPO: Mining and Recommending API Usage Patterns Hao Zhong1,2 , Tao Xie3, , Lu Zhang1,2 , Jian Pei4 by invoking methods provided in their APIs. Those API methods, however, are often complex and not well documented. To get familiar with how those API methods are used, programmers often exploit a source code

Xie, Tao

267

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse soft- ware libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

268

DAA-related APIs in TPM2.0 Revisited Trusted Computing and Information Assurance Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DAA-related APIs in TPM2.0 Revisited Li Xi Trusted Computing and Information Assurance Laboratory is implemented by several APIs which can be utilized as a static Diffie- Hellman oracle. In this paper, we how to utilize these DAA-related APIs to break forward anonymity. Then we propose new APIs which

269

On low energy quantum gravity induced effects on the propagation of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Present models describing the interaction of quantum Maxwell and gravitational fields predict a breakdown of Lorentz invariance and a non standard dispersion relation in the semiclassical approximation. Comparison with observational data however, does not support their predictions. In this work we introduce a different set of ab initio assumptions in the canonical approach, namely that the homogeneous Maxwell equations are valid in the semiclassical approximation, and find that the resulting field equations are Lorentz invariant in the semiclassical limit. We also include a phenomenological analysis of possible effects on the propagation of light, and their dependence on energy, in a cosmological context.

Reinaldo J. Gleiser; Carlos N. Kozameh; Florencia Parisi

2003-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

270

Using Semantics for Automating the Authentication of Web APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Recent technology developments in the area of services on the Web are marked by the proliferation of Web applications and APIs. The implementation and evolution of applications based on Web APIs is, however, hampered by the lack of automation that can be achieved with current technologies. Research on semantic Web services is therefore trying to adapt the principles and technologies that were devised for traditional Web services, to deal with this new kind of services. In this paper we show that currently more than 80 % of the Web APIs require some form of authentication. Therefore authentication plays a major role for Web API invocation and should not be neglected in the context of mashups and composite data applications. We present a thorough analysis carried out over a body of publicly available APIs that determines the most commonly used authentication approaches. In the light of these results, we propose an ontology for the semantic annotation of Web API authentication information and demonstrate how it can be used to create semantic Web API descriptions. We evaluate the applicability of our approach by providing a prototypical implementation, which uses authentication annotations as the basis for automated service invocation. 1

Maria Maleshkova; Carlos Pedrinaci; John Domingue; Guillermo Alvaro; Ivan Martinez

271

Loop Quantum Gravity 1. Classical framework : Ashtekar-Barbero connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gravity Why Quantum Gravity ? Gravitation vs. Quantum Physics : the two infinities Gravitation : large Quantum Gravity ? Gravitation vs. Quantum Physics : the two infinities Gravitation : large scales-perturbative renormalization Gravity is not a fundamental theory but it is effective (law energy) · it has to be modified

Sart, Remi

272

The IRMIS object model and services API.  

SciTech Connect

The relational model developed for the Integrated Relational Model of Installed Systems (IRMIS) toolkit has been successfully used to capture the Advanced Photon Source (APS) control system software (EPICS process variables and their definitions). The relational tables are populated by a crawler script that parses each Input/Output Controller (IOC) start-up file when an IOC reboot is detected. User interaction is provided by a Java Swing application that acts as a desktop for viewing the process variable information. Mapping between the display objects and the relational tables was carried out with the Hibernate Object Relational Modeling (ORM) framework. Work is well underway at the APS to extend the relational modeling to include control system hardware. For this work, due in part to the complex user interaction required, the primary application development environment has shifted from the relational database view to the object oriented (Java) perspective. With this approach, the business logic is executed in Java rather than in SQL stored procedures. This paper describes the object model used to represent control system software, hardware, and interconnects in IRMIS. We also describe the services API used to encapsulate the required behaviors for creating and maintaining the complex data. In addition to the core schema and object model, many important concepts in IRMIS are captured by the services API. IRMIS is an ambitious collaborative effort for defining and developing a relational database and associated applications to comprehensively document the large and complex EPICS-based control systems of today's accelerators. The documentation effort includes process variables, control system hardware, and interconnections. The approach could also be used to document all components of the accelerator, including mechanical, vacuum, power supplies, etc. One key aspect of IRMIS is that it is a documentation framework, not a design and development tool. We do not generate EPICS control system configurations from IRMIS, and hence do not impose any additional requirements on EPICS developers.

Saunders, C.; Dohan, D. A.; Arnold, N. D.; Accelerator Systems Division (APS)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Evaluation of the API 50CH and API ZYM systems for rapid characterization of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus, causal agent of potato ring rot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

API 50CH and API ZYM systems were used to characterize fifty-...Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus from different geographic locations and several reference strains of the same and different species, in...

José Luis Palomo; María M. López…

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

API for browsing available data sources? | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

API for browsing available data sources? API for browsing available data sources? Safety Data/Tools Apps Challenges Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov » Communities » Safety » Forums API for browsing available data sources? Submitted by G. Hussain Chinoy on Tue, 09/18/2012 - 4:46pm Log in to vote 2 The provided "Data/Tools" tab is a nice human readable view of the data resources on safety.data.gov, but is there an API to view the different data sources by category or any of the other attributes of a data set? Thanks Add new comment Your name Subject Comment * More information about text formats Plain text No HTML tags allowed. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Lines and paragraphs break automatically. CAPTCHA This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent

275

Antragsbeispiele API bzw. RfC (CR/C)/ITU  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nachfolgend findet sich ein Beispiel einer Advance Publication für ein Satellitensystem mit niedrigfliegendem Satelliten („Rund-um-die-Welt-in-100-min“) – sprich eine sogenannte „full“ API, die für NGSO-Satellite...

René Wörfel; Hans Dodel†

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

PyNN: A Python API for Neural Network Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

PyNN is an application programming interface (API) for describing and simulating neuronal network models...1997), NEST (Gewaltig and Diesmann 2007), Brian (Goodman and Brette 2008), or PCSIM (Pecevski et al. 2009

Dr. Andrew P. Davison

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

An Empirical Study of API Stability and Adoption in the Android Ecosystem Tyler McDonnell, Baishakhi Ray, Miryung Kim  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Empirical Study of API Stability and Adoption in the Android Ecosystem Tyler Mc--When APIs evolve, clients make corresponding changes to their applications to utilize new or updated APIs. Despite the benefits of new or updated APIs, developers are often slow to adopt the new APIs. As a first

Kim, Miryung

278

Mining API Error-Handling Specifications from Source Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. API error-handling specifications are often not documented, necessitating automated specification mining. Automated mining of error-handling specifications is challenging for procedural languages such as C, which lack explicit exception-handling mechanisms. Due to the lack of explicit exception handling, error-handling code is often scattered across different procedures and files making it difficult to mine error-handling specifications through manual inspection of source code. In this paper, we present a novel framework for mining API errorhandling specifications automatically from API client code, without any user input. In our framework, we adapt a trace generation technique to distinguish and generate static traces representing different API run-time behaviors. We apply data mining techniques on the static traces to mine specifications that define correct handling of API errors. We then use the mined specifications to detect API error-handling violations. Our framework mines 62 error-handling specifications and detects 264 real error-handling defects from the analyzed open source packages. 1 1

Mithun Acharya; Tao Xie

279

Uncertainties of Estimates of Inertia–Gravity Energy in the Atmosphere. Part II: Large-Scale Equatorial Waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the spectra and spatiotemporal features of the large-scale inertia-gravity (IG) circulations in four analysis systems in the tropics. Of special interest is the Kelvin wave (KW), which represents between 7% and 25% of the ...

N. Žagar; J. Tribbia; J. L. Anderson; K. Raeder

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Developing Systems for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos, Alexander Pucher, Rich Wolski, and Tevfik Bultan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing Systems for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos well- defined, network accessible, application programming interfaces (APIs). The stability, maintenance, and lifecycle of these APIs is critical to the utility of the digital assets they serve. Our work

California at Santa Barbara, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Access to Data Storage, Retrieval, Indexing and Querying  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accomplishment HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Accessprogramming interface (API) that simplifies data storage andindexing/querying. The API, which we call HDF5-FastQuery,

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke; Shalf, John; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu, Kesheng

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Viscosity in modified gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A bulk viscosity is introduced in the formalism of modified gravity. It is shown that, on the basis of a natural scaling law for the viscosity, a simple solution can be found for quantities such as the Hubble parameter and the energy density. These solutions may incorporate a viscosity-induced Big Rip singularity. By introducing a phase transition in the cosmic fluid, the future singularity can nevertheless in principle be avoided.

Iver Brevik

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

283

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis accurate prediction Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

results for: apis accurate prediction Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers Summary: . This raises the problem of...

284

African Press International (API) This is your "Daily Online News Channel".  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

African Press International (API) This is your "Daily Online News Channel". Home A:Contact us powerful as before ­ Is this good for new Kenya? (api) The travelling man: Pope Benedict XVI is due

285

E-Print Network 3.0 - api 20ne para Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

api 20ne para Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api 20ne para Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Draft of 7282003 IBP Network Function...

286

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am...

287

Topic Assignment as of 1/29/2011 Android hardware API (max # of presenter)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topic Assignment as of 1/29/2011 Android hardware API (max # of presenter) 1. Taking a picture) Sevada Abraamyan; Other Android API 7. Android search framework (1) Dillon Kearns; 8. Web

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - api 5l x80 Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

x80 Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api 5l x80 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A Framework for Diversifying Windows Native APIs to...

289

Google Web APIs - an Instrument for Webometric Analyses?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The analysis of the Internet and its applications touches upon varied fields of research such as information science, computer science, economics, and psychology. One reason for the growing scientific interest in the Internet is the already high and still growing amount of web users, applications, contents, and web servers worldwide. Despite a variety of different search engines, there is no doubt about the predominance of Google search engine technology today. Among the factors that have added decisively to Google's success are that over a long period of time, Google has offered the largest index, innovative new services and highly optimized performance and usability. This poster introduces Google Web APIs (Google APIs) as an instrument and playground for webometric studies. Several examples of Google APIs implementations are given. Our examples show that this Google Web Service can be used successfully for informetric Internet based studies albeit with some restriction

Philipp Mayr; Fabio Tosques

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera scutellata Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-clone usurpation reproduction Apis mellifera scutellata honeybee reproduction South Africa 1. INTRODUCTION... . capensis) and African ... Source: Ratnieks, Francis -...

291

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka, Chandra Krintz, Rich Wolski  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Towards Automatically Estimating Porting Effort Between Web Service APIs Hiranya Jayathilaka for a programmer to port an application from one web API to another, i.e. "porting effort". Our approach defines approach using both randomly generated and real-world web APIs and show that our metric can correctly

Bigelow, Stephen

292

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus and the ProVerif tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus and the ProVerif tool Technical Report copyright©2008 Notations 5 3 HSMs and APIs 5 3.1 Tamper evidence and Tamper resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.2 The role of HSMs and cryptoprocessors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.3 API

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

293

Detecting API Documentation Errors Hao Zhong1,2 Zhendong Su2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detecting API Documentation Errors Hao Zhong1,2 Zhendong Su2 1 Institute of Software, Chinese@cs.ucdavis.edu Abstract When programmers encounter an unfamiliar API library, they often need to refer to its documentations, tutorials, or discussions on de- velopment forums to learn its proper usage. These API documents

Su, Zhendong

294

IMS application development Connect API Copyright IBM Corporation 2011, 2012. All rights reserved.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMS application development Connect API © Copyright IBM Corporation 2011, 2012. All rights reserved. 1 of 28 Developing Connect API applications for IMS Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate Evgeni transactions through the IMS Connect API for Java. About this tutorial This tutorial will take you through

295

When is it Biased? Assessing the Representativeness of Twitter's Streaming API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When is it Biased? Assessing the Representativeness of Twitter's Streaming API Fred Morstatter tweets through the "Streaming API". Recently, research has pointed to evidence of bias in this source in the Streaming API data. We tackle the problem of finding sample bias without costly and restrictive Firehose

Liu, Huan

296

Abstract 3568: Treatment of Organ-Specific Chloroleukemia by Cytotech Labs API 31510 and Chemotherapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...efficacy with use of combination therapy of API 31510 and gemcitabine in the treatment of...antineoplastic agents for pancreatic cancer. API 31510, a novel intravenous formulation...cell-based data of combination gemcitabine and API 31510. Animals were randomized into 4 groups...

Niven R. Narain; Lucia M. Mauro; John P. McCook; Joaquin J. Jimenez

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

297

Task model and online operating system API for hardware tasks in OLLAF platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Task model and online operating system API for hardware tasks in OLLAF platform Samuel GARCIA and the corresponding online API for Fine Grained Dy- namically Reconfigurable Architecture. We cover the integration of this API in the OLLAF platform and more specifically its application to memory access management

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

298

A RESTful API for exchanging Materials Data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RESTful API for exchanging Materials Data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium Richard H. Taylor1, an Application Program Interface (API) follow- ing REST principles is introduced for the AFLOWLIB.org materials through a RESTful API and a python library enabling ad-hoc ap- plications [17]. Other examples of online

Curtarolo, Stefano

299

Original article Fossil honey bees and evolution in the genus Apis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Original article Fossil honey bees and evolution in the genus Apis (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Michael S well-known fossil honey bee species. Apis henshawi is diagnosed, the holotype described, and a complete. Synapis petrefacta is officially transferred into the genus Apis (new combination) and A. fota and A

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

300

Informing Eclipse API Production and Consumption Reid Holmes and Robert J. Walker  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Informing Eclipse API Production and Consumption Reid Holmes and Robert J. Walker Laboratory, Canada rtholmes,rwalker@cpsc.ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT Application programming interfaces (APIs) inform application de- velopers as to the functionality provided by a library and how to interact with it. APIs

Robillard, Martin

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301

An introduction to API 682 shaft sealing for centrifugal and rotary pumps  

SciTech Connect

Seal failures in refineries represents between 5,000 and 10,000 dollars in maintenance costs. The lack of an industry standard approach has resulted in high-stocking cost, high maintenance costs, and complicated populations of seals. The API has offered API 682, Shaft Sealing Systems for Centrifugal and Rotary Pumps. This report discusses the benefits of API 682.

Dufour, J.W. [Amoco Oil Company, Chicago, IL (United States); Jones, R.L. [Shell Oil Company, Houston, TX (United States)

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Detecting API Usage Obstacles: A Study of iOS and Android Developer Questions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detecting API Usage Obstacles: A Study of iOS and Android Developer Questions Wei Wang and Michael that can be later customized for a specific task. When developers invoke API methods in a framework, they often encounter obstacles in finding the correct usage of the API, let alone to employ best practices

Godfrey, Michael W.

303

Inferring Meta-Models for Runtime System Data from the Clients of Management APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inferring Meta-Models for Runtime System Data from the Clients of Management APIs Hui Song1 , Gang. To do this, users have to understand the different management APIs provided by different systems to inferring such meta-models by analyzing client code that accesses man- agement APIs. A set of experiments

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

304

Mining Succinct and High-Coverage API Usage Patterns from Source Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mining Succinct and High-Coverage API Usage Patterns from Source Code Jue Wang�* , Yingnong Dang (API) methods. However, these usage patterns are often not well documented. To help developers to get such usage patterns, there are approaches proposed to mine client code of the API methods. However, they lack

Xie, Tao

305

Temporal Analysis of API Usage Concepts Gias Uddin, Barthelemy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temporal Analysis of API Usage Concepts Gias Uddin, Barth´el´emy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard}@cs.mgill.ca Abstract--Software reuse through Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) is an integral part of software development. The functionality offered by an API is not always accessed uniformly throughout the lifetime

Robillard, Martin

306

API Testing Using Contract Abstractions Hernn Czemerinski hczemeri@dc.uba.ar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

API Testing Using Contract Abstractions Hernán Czemerinski ­ hczemeri@dc.uba.ar Departamento de Unpleasant To Doby Hand Contract-Based Software Contract Based API Hypothesis Test suites with higher1 In order to obtain experimental data for contrasting our hypothesis we choose Java APIs and

Figueira, Santiago

307

Geographical races of Apis cerana Fabricius in China and their distribution. Review of recent Chinese publica-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Geographical races of Apis cerana Fabricius in China and their distribution. Review of Apis cerana Fabricius and their distribution in China, compiled published data and subjec- ted a portion of the data to statistical analyses. Apis cerana in China can probably be grouped into 5

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

308

Tinkering with Turtles An Overview of NetLogo's Extensions API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tinkering with Turtles An Overview of NetLogo's Extensions API Forrest Stonedahl, Daniel KornhauserLogo Extensions API provides facilities for programmers to ex- tend the NetLogo language by creating user with the JVM). While the NetLogo Extensions API has quietly existed for several years, recent changes have

Wilensky, Uri

309

BIOINFORMATICS Vol. 00 no. 00 2006 The SBML ODE Solver Library: a native API for symbolic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIOINFORMATICS Vol. 00 no. 00 2006 Pages 1--2 The SBML ODE Solver Library: a native API on the behavior of different tools and are discussed in the supplementary material. The native API provides fine://www.llnl.gov/CASC/sundials/) to provide a detailed API (application program interface) to both a derived ODE system and various

Flamm, Christoph

310

On the design of the ECMAScript Reflection API TOM VAN CUTSEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A On the design of the ECMAScript Reflection API TOM VAN CUTSEM, Vrije Universiteit Brussel MARK S. MILLER, Google Research We describe in detail the new reflection API of the upcoming Javascript standard. The most prominent feature of this new API is its support for creating proxies: virtual objects that behave

Steels, Luc

311

OSCAR API for Real-time Low-Power Multicores and Its Performance on Multicores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR API for Real-time Low-Power Multicores and Its Performance on Multicores and SMP Servers://www.kasahara.cs.waseda.ac.jp/ Abstract. OSCAR (Optimally Scheduled Advanced Multiprocessor) API has been designed for real-time embedded by using the OSCAR parallelizing compiler. The OSCAR API has been developed by Waseda University

Kasahara, Hironori

312

The Concept Maps Method as a Tool to Evaluate the Usability of APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Concept Maps Method as a Tool to Evaluate the Usability of APIs Jens Gerken, Hans, Germany {firstname.lastname}@uni-konstanz.de ABSTRACT Application programming interfaces (APIs HCI have limitations in grasping the interaction between developer and API as most IDEs (essentially

Reiterer, Harald

313

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Arabia, Iran migrations and introductions (Ruttner, 1988). Apis mellifera includes about two dozen subspecies bee (Apis mellifera L.) populations from the USA Allen L Szalanski1* and Roxane M Magnus1 1 Social

Szalanski, Allen L.

314

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyn Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyán Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong of Technology and Economics Abstract: API level vulnerabilities of hardware security modules represent a serious threat, thus, discovering and patching security holes in APIs are important. In this paper, we argue

Levente, Buttyán

315

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation , Hao Zhong1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation Lin Shi1 , Hao Zhong1 , Tao Xie3 , and Mingshu,zhonghao}@itechs.iscas.ac.cn, xie@csc.ncsu.edu, mingshu@iscas.ac.cn Abstract. With the evolution of an API library, its documentation also evolves. The evolution of API documentation is common knowledge for programmers and library

Xie, Tao

316

OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR API v2.1 with Flexible Accelerator Control Facilities Keiji Kimura, Waseda University 13. The execution timing of them can be notified by FlagVariables Overview of OSCAR API v2.0 (before 2 ! Accelerators ! Based on the subset of OpenMP ! Very popular parallel processing API ! Shared memory programming

Kasahara, Hironori

317

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping the Space of API Design Decisions Jeffrey Stylos and Brad Myers Carnegie Mellon University { jsstylos, bam }@cs.cmu.edu Abstract When creating new application programming inter- faces (APIs), designers must make many decisions. These decisions affect the quality of the resulting APIs in terms

Myers, Brad A.

318

ExPort: Detecting and Visualizing API Usages in Large Source Code Repositories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ExPort: Detecting and Visualizing API Usages in Large Source Code Repositories Evan Moritz1, Mario a technique for automatically mining and visualizing API usage examples. In contrast to previous approaches, our technique is capable of finding examples of API usage that occur across several functions

Poshyvanyk, Denys

319

Patterns of Apis mellifera infestation by Nosema ceranae support the parasite hypothesis for the evolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patterns of Apis mellifera infestation by Nosema ceranae support the parasite hypothesis / Apis mellifera / evolution of polyandry 1. INTRODUCTION Host­parasite relationships are inherently (Hamilton 1980; Hamilton et al. 1990; Ladie 1992). In the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) and other social

320

The Impact of API Complexity on Failures: An Empirical Analysis of Proprietary and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of API Complexity on Failures: An Empirical Analysis of Proprietary and Open Source Information hiding is a cornerstone principle of modern software engineering. Interfaces, or APIs, are central or development pro- ductivity. In this paper, we examined the impact of API complexity on the failure proneness

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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321

Analyzing Temporal API Usage Patterns Gias Uddin, Barthelemy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzing Temporal API Usage Patterns Gias Uddin, Barth´el´emy Dagenais, and Martin P. Robillard}@cs.mcgill.ca Abstract--Software reuse through Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) is an integral part of software development. As developers write client programs, their understanding and usage of APIs change over time. Can

Robillard, Martin

322

A Case Study of API Redesign for Improved Usability Jeffrey Stylos1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Case Study of API Redesign for Improved Usability Jeffrey Stylos1 , Benjamin Graf2 , Daniela K by their ability to effectively reuse code. Even APIs (applica- tion programming interfaces) and other code - a business rules en- gine, whose API was created for platform develop- ment, but which is now also

323

A MythTV Python API to complement the JustPlay Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I developed an API to control a MythTV backend. This API is called PyMythTV. It allows one to develop software that can take advantage of a PVR device, MythTV. The API was written in Python, which allows ...

Deonier, Christian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

UNC-CH TR 00-007 The Design of an API for Particle Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNC-CH TR 00-007 The Design of an API for Particle Systems David K. McAllister Department. What con- structs and abstractions are useful for specifying particle ef- fects? How can the API of our research is the Particle System Application Programmer Interface (API). This is a C++ function

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

325

CONTROL ELECTRONICS AND HYBRID DYNAMIC SYSTEM-BASED API FOR A 6-DOF DESKTOP HAPTIC INTERFACE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, , , , DSC7C-5 CONTROL ELECTRONICS AND HYBRID DYNAMIC SYSTEM-BASED API FOR A 6-DOF DESKTOP HAPTIC, a new low level applications pro- gramming interface API that models the haptic interface as a hybrid in this paper. A new approach to the design of haptic APIs is also presented. In this approach, the haptic

Salcudean, Tim

326

API Usability: Report on Special Interest Group at CHI John M. Daughtry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

API Usability: Report on Special Interest Group at CHI John M. Daughtry The Pennsylvania State Univ's technical program was a special interest group (SIG) meeting on API usability. This report summarizes the SIG, emphasizing the primary takeaways, which include a greater understanding of the types of APIs

Myers, Brad A.

327

Abstract #2096: Protection from chemotherapy-induced alopecia by a novel formulation, Cytotech Labs API 31543  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Organ-Specific Chloroleukemia by Cytotech Labs API 31510 and Chemotherapy Niven R. Narain...dose-dependent manner by a novel IV solution of API 31510. Accordingly, in the present study we examined the hypothesis that Cytotech Labs API 31510 alone or in combination with cyclophosphamide...

Niven Narain; John McCook; Lucia Mauro; Joaquin Jimenez

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

A Graph-based Approach to API Usage Adaptation Hoan Anh Nguyen,1a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Graph-based Approach to API Usage Adaptation Hoan Anh Nguyen,1a Tung Thanh Nguyen,1b Gary Wilson the updated libraries. Existing API usage adaptation techniques support simple adaptation such as replacing the target of calls to a deprecated API, however, cannot handle complex adaptations such as creat- ing a new

Kim, Miryung

329

New findings on leak resistance of API 8-Round connectors  

SciTech Connect

In response to high interest concerning leak resistance in API 8-Round connectors, the API funded projects that have identified and assessed parameters affecting leak. Among these parameters are make-up, diameter, grade, and combined loads. Additional turns during make-up was found to increase leak resistance. Investigations concerning diameter and grade identified larger diameter and higher grade connectors as most susceptible to low leak pressures when compared to pipe body ratings. Finally, combined loads were found to be crucial to leak. Tension lowers the leak resistance of 8-Round connectors in a manner that renders hydrotesting insufficient for defining leak in some service conditions.

Schwind, B.E.; Wooley, G.R.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Using API services to visualise urban activities in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nowadays, we can find plenty of information on urban activities, which has been archived on the World Wide Web (Web). Recently, the number of internet users in Japan has been outstanding compared to other countries. Also, several servers have started providing the stored information via API (application program interface) services. This study tries to propose a new viewpoint to understand urban conditions and human activities by utilising the API services to obtain dynamic data based on information from the Web. Furthermore, it has been examined how to visualise the geographical characteristics of the information by using GIS in order to provide better and clearer understanding for various users.

Takafumi Arima; Ryo Yamato

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score 2013 Pilot | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

participation. assetscorepilotoverviewwebinar061713.wmv More Documents & Publications Commercial Building Energy Asset Score 2013 Pilot Asset Score API Webinar June 14, 2013...

332

Growth histories in bimetric massive gravity  

SciTech Connect

We perform cosmological perturbation theory in Hassan-Rosen bimetric gravity for general homogeneous and isotropic backgrounds. In the de Sitter approximation, we obtain decoupled sets of massless and massive scalar gravitational fluctuations. Matter perturbations then evolve like in Einstein gravity. We perturb the future de Sitter regime by the ratio of matter to dark energy, producing quasi-de Sitter space. In this more general setting the massive and massless fluctuations mix. We argue that in the quasi-de Sitter regime, the growth of structure in bimetric gravity differs from that of Einstein gravity.

Berg, Marcus; Buchberger, Igor [Department of Physics, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad (Sweden); Enander, Jonas; Mörtsell, Edvard; Sjörs, Stefan, E-mail: marcus.berg@kau.se, E-mail: igor.buchberger@kau.se, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se, E-mail: stefans@fysik.su.se [Oskar Klein Center, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

M. Blagojevi? and B. Cvetkovi?

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

334

Conserved charges in 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect

The covariant canonical expression for the conserved charges, proposed by Nester, is tested on several solutions in three-dimensional gravity with or without torsion and topologically massive gravity. In each of these cases, the calculated values of energy momentum and angular momentum are found to satisfy the first law of black hole thermodynamics.

Blagojevic, M.; Cvetkovic, B. [University of Belgrade, Institute of Physics, P. O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

2011 Growth API School Report -Preuss School UCSD http://api.cde.ca.gov/Acnt2011/2011GrowthSch.aspx?allcds=37683383731189[9/30/2011 3:51:13 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2011 Growth API School Report - Preuss School UCSD http://api.cde.ca.gov/Acnt2011/2011GrowthSch.aspx?allcds=37683383731189[9/30/2011 3:51:13 PM] DataQuest home > API home > Reports > Select School > School Reports > Current Page 2010 -11 Accountability Progress Reporting (APR) 2011 Growth API Links: School: Preuss School

Russell, Lynn

336

Caution: API gaging practices can be hazardous to your leak resistance  

SciTech Connect

The authors address the controversy facing the OCTG inspection industry regarding how to measure pitch diameter on API round and buttress casing connections. There are two ways: the API way, using certified ring and plug gages, and a second method which uses one of a number of proprietary (non-API) gages introduced in recent years. The controversy has occurred because the new, non-API gages have revealed a bias in the accepted API ring and plug gaging method. Methods of addressing this problem are discussed.

Hill, T.H.; Money, R.C. (T.H. Hill Associates Inc., Houston, TX (US))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

REDCap and DDI Exporting Data and Metadata with the API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the REDCap survey metadata from csv to DDI 3.1. It includes a discussion of which REDCap instrument attributes can be represented by DDI 3.1 elements other than Note. This presentation includes information on the REDCap API and metadata about mapping data...

Hoyle, Larry; Van Roekel, Ada

2013-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

338

OSCAR API v2.1: Extensions for an Advanced Accelerator Control Scheme to a Low-Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OSCAR API v2.1: Extensions for an Advanced Accelerator Control Scheme to a Low-Power Multicore API optimization and low-power optimization, has been developed. Furthermore, the OSCAR API has been also developed, AMD, Tilera, Fujitsu, Renesas Electronics, and so on. The OSCAR API v1.0 and v2.0 have been opened

Kasahara, Hironori

339

The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. A quick history - version 2 data fields came out in early December, 2012. The version 2 API to access this new data was then launched in early May, 2013. Now that it is September, 2013, we are providing a limited,

340

Test particle motion in modified gravity theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the equations of motion of an electrically neutral test particle for modified gravity theories in which the covariant divergence of the ordinary matter energy-momentum tensor dose not vanish (i.e. $\

Mahmood Roshan

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 13.07 13.09 16.23 17.15 18.48 18.48 19.00 February ............... 13.25 13.79 17.04 17.94 19.22 19.49 19.64 March .................... 13.94 14.49 17.56 18.17 19.51 20.41 21.29 April ...................... 13.87 14.73 17.49 18.13 19.55 20.22 20.05 May ....................... 13.43 14.53 17.33 17.45 19.31 20.18 20.64 June ...................... 12.37 13.19 16.62 16.81 18.54 18.94 19.43 July ....................... 11.74 12.66 15.48 16.06 17.61 18.77 18.46 August .................. 12.40 12.86 14.97 15.77 17.37 18.78 18.35 September ............ 12.63 12.67 14.82 15.08 16.97 17.41 17.38 October ................. 12.07 12.67 14.82 15.23 17.12 17.64 17.62 November ............. 10.55 10.98 13.73 14.19 16.27 17.09 14.92 December ............. 9.72 9.91 11.60 12.43 14.37 15.33

342

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 January ......................... - - - - - - February ....................... - - - - - - March ............................ - - - - - - April .............................. - - - - - - May ............................... - - - - - - June .............................. - - - - - - July ............................... - - - - - - August .......................... - - - - - - September .................... - - - - - - October ......................... 11.41 13.52 10.08 15.49 15.49 16.27 November ..................... 10.69 11.99 9.09 14.13 14.33 15.21 December ..................... 8.49 9.84 7.03 12.00 12.01 12.95 1993 ................................. - - - - - - 1994 January ......................... 8.51 10.22 6.70 12.25 12.25 13.35 February

343

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ......................... 13.80 15.60 12.16 17.04 16.97 17.65 February ....................... 14.16 15.49 12.78 16.84 16.94 17.60 March ............................ 16.32 17.85 14.25 19.10 19.24 19.92 April .............................. 17.84 19.70 16.11 20.89 21.23 22.08 May ............................... 15.22 17.88 15.84 18.93 19.47 20.16 June .............................. 14.46 17.22 14.26 18.16 18.72 19.37 July ............................... 14.77 17.92 14.65 18.97 19.54 20.20 August .......................... 14.97 18.54 15.32 19.82 20.12 20.92 September .................... 16.62 20.40 16.34 21.77 22.04 22.81 October ......................... 17.90 21.45 17.50 22.96 23.11 23.96 November ..................... 17.21 20.14 17.29 21.91 21.86 22.64 December .....................

344

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ................. 4.11 23.91 21.31 25.95 19.61 3.91 1.19 February ............... 2.31 22.26 18.45 28.61 22.18 4.36 1.83 March .................... 2.84 19.63 19.11 31.67 23.06 2.25 1.44 April ...................... 3.83 20.65 20.98 31.93 19.27 1.51 1.82 May ....................... 3.29 18.38 17.25 30.44 27.38 2.24 1.03 June ...................... 3.74 19.70 17.26 31.58 25.64 0.80 1.28 July ....................... 4.61 16.73 20.40 29.89 22.48 2.99 2.91 August .................. 3.66 17.89 16.13 31.55 26.68 2.21 1.89 September ............ 3.75 18.25 16.21 33.46 22.93 3.03 2.36 October ................. 4.31 16.62 19.92 31.89 21.57 3.21 2.48 November ............. 4.03 18.13 17.87 30.78 23.73 3.74 1.72 December ............. 5.04 17.60 17.59 30.05 23.92 3.50 2.31 1994 .........................

345

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 14.41 14.81 17.62 18.12 18.80 19.22 18.47 February ............... 15.29 15.52 17.66 18.86 18.80 20.03 19.74 March .................... 16.57 17.52 19.84 20.30 20.54 21.63 21.48 April ...................... 17.04 18.65 21.71 20.94 22.12 21.86 22.15 May ....................... 15.97 17.39 19.92 19.90 21.01 21.48 21.57 June ...................... 16.10 16.90 19.17 19.20 20.09 20.30 20.63 July ....................... 16.63 17.28 19.70 19.75 20.66 21.02 20.96 August .................. 17.33 18.00 20.52 20.86 21.72 21.54 21.81 September ............ 19.12 19.91 22.55 22.38 23.33 22.93 22.54 October ................. 19.23 20.97 23.32 23.34 24.80 24.73 24.87 November ............. 18.99 19.57 22.43 22.95 24.10 24.61 24.37 December ............. 19.17 19.92 22.96 22.71 24.77

346

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ................. 13.91 14.06 16.26 16.91 17.27 16.74 17.41 February ............... 14.21 14.62 16.88 17.27 17.84 17.99 17.20 March .................... 14.72 15.31 16.96 17.67 17.94 18.16 18.53 April ...................... 15.94 16.74 18.43 18.72 19.05 18.83 18.93 May ....................... 16.20 16.75 18.26 18.12 19.28 19.21 19.08 June ...................... 14.78 15.44 17.03 17.20 18.59 18.51 18.82 July ....................... 13.96 14.10 15.97 16.41 17.16 17.30 17.81 August .................. 13.70 14.30 16.38 16.36 17.32 16.95 16.55 September ............ 14.04 14.20 16.49 16.65 17.55 18.60 18.02 October ................. 12.88 13.40 15.78 16.24 17.30 17.78 17.46 November ............. 13.56 13.74 16.13 17.01 17.54 17.53 18.21 December ............. 14.80 15.03 17.13 17.15 18.69

347

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ......................... 19.26 21.50 18.87 23.25 23.40 24.07 February ....................... 16.63 18.34 17.74 20.36 20.62 21.19 March ............................ 15.75 16.90 16.11 18.64 19.23 19.65 April .............................. 14.50 15.70 14.72 17.42 18.10 18.62 May ............................... 15.41 16.33 14.48 18.35 18.81 19.64 June .............................. 14.16 14.71 13.74 16.87 17.13 17.81 July ............................... 13.85 15.15 13.00 17.23 17.39 18.14 August .......................... 14.86 15.50 12.97 17.54 17.68 18.36 September .................... 15.07 15.36 14.14 17.50 17.58 18.22 October ......................... 16.47 16.79 14.56 18.97 19.11 19.73 November ..................... 15.08 15.21 14.57 18.02 17.98 18.71 December .....................

348

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ................. 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ............... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March .................... 3.79 19.54 19.77 31.45 22.75 1.17 1.54 April ...................... 4.56 20.86 13.84 31.67 26.91 0.96 1.20 May ....................... 4.51 18.61 15.86 32.04 24.32 3.00 1.66 June ...................... 4.29 20.45 15.33 34.01 22.65 2.29 0.98 July ....................... 6.17 18.84 13.25 33.93 24.75 2.16 0.90 August .................. 5.23 19.66 12.44 35.69 22.73 2.57 1.69 September ............ 3.99 21.90 13.26 36.65 21.75 0.65 1.80 October ................. 3.92 22.24 15.65 30.63 23.84 1.09 2.62 November ............. 5.03 22.49 13.65 31.88 23.91 2.24 0.80 December ............. 4.63 21.77 11.45 38.24 20.65 1.68 1.59 1996 .........................

349

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

15.27 15.52 16.22 November ... 12.68 13.86 10.69 15.74 15.69 16.59 December ... 12.26 12.91 10.48 14.82 14.89 15.68 1994...

350

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ... 4.15 22.60 17.85 28.54 23.19 2.19 1.48 February ... 4.52 22.26 14.69 28.79 24.96 3.51 1.27 March ... 3.79 19.54 19.77...

351

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Values shown for the current two months are preliminary. Values shown for the previous two months may be revised to account for late submissions and corrections. Final revisions to...

352

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ... 13.80 15.60 12.16 17.04 16.97 17.65 February ... 14.16 15.49 12.78 16.84 16.94 17.60 March ......

353

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ... 4.81 21.56 12.96 34.96 21.61 2.76 1.34 February ... 4.66 22.18 15.45 29.96 24.56 2.33 0.86 March ... 5.24 21.60 12.11...

354

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 View History 20.0 or Less 81.25 54.76 69.51 94.66 96.07 93.91 1978-2013 20.1 to 25.0 83.07 54.36 69.72 94.15 94.35 91.27 1978-2013 25.1 to...

355

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1996 January ... 14.41 14.81 17.62 18.12 18.80 19.22 18.47 February ... 15.29 15.52 17.66 18.86 18.80 20.03 19.74 March ... 16.57 17.52...

356

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1997 January ... 18.57 19.34 23.73 22.13 24.80 23.89 23.89 February ... 14.79 17.00 21.18 19.69 22.81 22.74 24.44 March ... 14.56 16.06...

357

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1997 January ... 19.26 21.50 18.87 23.25 23.40 24.07 February ... 16.63 18.34 17.74 20.36 20.62 21.19 March ......

358

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ... 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March ... 4.98 18.66 20.35...

359

Table 27. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993 January ... 13.07 13.09 16.23 17.15 18.48 18.48 19.00 February ... 13.25 13.79 17.04 17.94 19.22 19.49 19.64 March ... 13.94 14.49...

360

Table 28. Percentages of Total Imported Crude Oil by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ................. 4.52 18.16 22.93 28.47 23.99 1.48 0.45 February ............... 4.19 18.11 19.48 35.50 17.92 3.57 1.22 March .................... 4.98 18.66 20.35 28.62 23.43 2.50 1.46 April ...................... 3.87 19.19 18.99 34.21 20.14 2.46 1.14 May ....................... 4.08 17.79 20.20 30.71 22.34 3.43 1.45 June ...................... 5.15 18.63 18.93 32.48 22.10 1.55 1.17 July ....................... 4.29 20.18 22.37 29.86 20.49 1.55 1.26 August .................. 5.99 21.29 18.91 27.30 23.42 1.69 1.40 September ............ 4.67 19.54 18.63 31.51 21.74 1.89 2.02 October ................. 4.78 18.66 16.53 36.43 17.94 3.57 2.10 November ............. 4.39 18.81 19.45 34.22 18.98 3.15 1.00 December ............. 3.46 16.62 14.68 39.78 19.54 4.06 1.87 1993 .........................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Constraints on gravity on cosmic scales with upcoming large-scale structure surveys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...acceleration: large-scale structure surveys, such as Dark Energy Survey, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope...modified gravity models. We consider the survey's ability to constrain dark energy EoS and modified gravity parameters by...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

The generalized second law of thermodynamics in generalized gravity theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the generalized second law of thermodynamics (GSL) in generalized theories of gravity. We examine the total entropy evolution with time including the horizon entropy, the non-equilibrium entropy production, and the entropy of all matter, field and energy components. We derive a universal condition to protect the generalized second law and study its validity in different gravity theories. In Einstein gravity, (even in the phantom-dominated universe with a Schwarzschild black hole), Lovelock gravity, and braneworld gravity, we show that the condition to keep the GSL can always be satisfied. In $f(R)$ gravity and scalar-tensor gravity, the condition to protect the GSL can also hold because the gravity is always attractive and the effective Newton constant should be approximate constant satisfying the experimental bounds.

Shao-Feng Wu; Bin Wang; Guo-Hong Yang; Peng-Ming Zhang

2008-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

363

Home Energy Score API User: CakeSystems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

CakeSystems is a platform that helps efficiency programs, professionals, and homeowners implement scoring tools to help move the market forward. CakeSystems uses a flexible data collection platform...

364

Home Energy Score API User: OptiMiser  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

OptiMiser software and data management tools are used by utilities, implementers, programs, and contractors across the country.

365

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera insecta Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VALIDO, M CANDELARIA RODRGUEZ-RODRGUEZ Y PEDRO JORDANO RESUMEN... mellifera, Api- dae) en el propio seno del Parque Nacional ( 2000 colmenas cada primavera). Los...

366

Development of an Interactive, Hands-on Learning Experience of the Google Maps API.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The project is to design and implement a Web application for realizing an innovative, hands-on interactive learning experience for the Google Maps API. This learning… (more)

Kale, Rushikesh Digambar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

E-Print Network 3.0 - africanizadas apis mellifera Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Introduction Apis mellifera L. is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia (including Saudi Summary: . Caracterizacin mitocondrial de poblaciones de...

368

Author manuscript, published in "Information and Software Technology (2011)" DOI: 10.1016/j.infsof.2011.09.006 API2MoL: Automating the building of bridges between APIs and Model- Driven Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. A software artefact typically makes its functionality available through a specialized Application Programming Interface (API) describing the set of services offered to client applications. In fact, building any software system usually involves managing a plethora of APIs, which complicates the development process. In Model-Driven Engineering (MDE), where models are the key elements of any software engineering activity, this API management should take place at the model level. Therefore, tools that facilitate the integration of APIs and MDE are clearly needed. Objective. Our goal is to automate the implementation of API-MDE bridges for supporting both the creation of models from API objects and the generation of such API objects from models. In this sense, this paper presents the API2MoL approach, which provides a declarative rule-based language to easily write mapping definitions to link API specifications and the metamodel that represents them. These definitions are then executed to convert API objects into model elements or vice versa. The approach also allows both the metamodel and the mapping to be automatically obtained from the API specification (bootstrap process). Method. After implementing the API2MoL engine, its correctness was validated using several APIs.

Javier Luis; Cánovas Izquierdo; Frédéric Jouault; Jordi Cabot; Jesús García Molina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Inertia and gravitation in teleparallel gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the fact that teleparallel gravity allows a separation between gravitation and inertia, explicit expressions for the gravitational and the inertial energy-momentum densities are obtained. It is shown that, like all other fields of nature, gravitation alone has a tensorial energy-momentum density which in a general frame is conserved in the covariant sense. Together with the inertial energy-momentum density, they form a pseudotensor which is conserved in the ordinary sense. An analysis of the role played by the gravitational and the inertial densities in the computation of the total energy and momentum of gravity is presented.

R. Aldrovandi; Tiago Gribl Lucas; J. G. Pereira

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

370

The Universe Adventure - Gravity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gravity: The Main Attraction Gravity: The Main Attraction Gravity Acts on All Matter Gravity's effect is apparent even at the largest scales: just as gravity keeps the Earth orbiting the sun, it holds these two irregular galaxies M32 and M110 in orbit around the larger Andromeda galaxy. In the late 1600s, the English mathematician Sir Isaac Newton gave the first scientific description of gravitation. Gravity is an attractive force existing between any two objects that have mass, causing them to accelerate towards each other. It is the weakest of the four fundamental forces but can act over great distances and is responsible for the formation of planets, stars, galaxies, and even larger scale structures such as groups and superclusters. Gravity is also the force that governs the motion of

371

Relativistic Gravity With a Dynamical Preferred Frame  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While general relativity possesses local Lorentz invariance, both canonical quantum gravity and string theory suggest that Lorentz invariance may be broken at high energies. Broken Lorentz invariance has also been postulated as an explanation for astrophysical anomalies such as the missing GZK cutoff. Therefore, we seek an effective field theory description of gravity where Lorentz invariance is broken. We will construct a candidate theory and then briefly discuss some of the implications.

David Mattingly; Ted Jacobson

2001-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO

373

Investigation of Dynamic and Static Recrystallization Behavior During Thermomechanical Processing in API-X70 Microalloyed Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of Dynamic and Static Recrystallization Behavior During Thermomechanical Processing in API-X70 Microalloyed Steel

Bahman Mirzakhani; Hossein Arabi…

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Overcoming the Problems Associated with the Existence of Too Many DSM APIs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Overcoming the Problems Associated with the Existence of Too Many DSM APIs Martin Schulz Lehrstuhl f�r Rechnertechnik und Rechnerorganisation Technische Universit�t M�nchen DSM 2002, Berlin May 22nd, 2002 SMiLE #12;2 � Martin Schulz, May 22nd 2002, DSM 2002, Berlin Many APIs ! Large variety of shared

Schulz, Martin

375

U-Boot Standalone Application (Exports) API 18349 Embedded Real-Time Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U-Boot Standalone Application (Exports) API 18­349 Embedded Real-Time Systems 1 Introduction This document contains details on the U-Boot 1.1.4 Exports API used by standalone applications. Most of the details of this document were derived from reading the U-Boot source code relevant to the gum- stix

Narasimhan, Priya

376

API5 Confers Tumoral Immune Escape through FGF2-Dependent Cell Survival Pathway  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...antiapoptotic gene, apoptosis inhibitor 5 (API5), in the immune-resistant...and Methods Chemical kinase inhibitors LY294002 (Calbiochem Corp...siApi5- or siGFP-loaded chitosan nanoparticles (CNP) starting...Exposure to the proteasome inhibitor, MG 132, restored Bim levels...

Kyung Hee Noh; Seok-Ho Kim; Jin Hee Kim; Kwon-Ho Song; Young-Ho Lee; Tae Heung Kang; Hee Dong Han; Anil K. Sood; Joanne Ng; Kwanghee Kim; Chung Hee Sonn; Vinay Kumar; Cassian Yee; Kyung-Mi Lee; and Tae Woo Kim

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Data Management in the GridRPC GridRPC Data Management API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion GridRPC Data Management API Implementations, Le Mahec, Nakada GridRPC DM API: Implem. and Interop. Issues (1/13) #12;Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion Goal GridRPC DM types: Reminder 1 Data Management in the GridRPC Goal GridRPC DM types

Caniou, Yves

378

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymptotically safe gravity Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Instytut Fizyki, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski Collection: Physics 6 DARK MATTER AND DARK ENERGY AS EFFECTS OF QUANTUM GRAVITY Max I. Fomitchev1 Summary: DARK MATTER AND DARK ENERGY...

379

V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute 2: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code V-142: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code April 25, 2013 - 12:14am Addthis PROBLEM: Oracle Java Reflection API Flaw Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code PLATFORM: Version(s): 7 Update 21; possibly other versions (1.7.0_21-b11) Java Server JRE is also affected. ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Oracle Java. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1028466 Oracle IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: A remote user can create a specially crafted Java application that, when loaded and approved by the target user, will trigger a flaw in the Reflection API to bypass the security sandbox. IMPACT: A remote user can create a Java file that, when loaded by the target user,

380

Performance Tools and APIs on BG/P Systems | Argonne Leadership Computing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Performance Tools and APIs Performance Tools and APIs Tuning and Analysis Utilities (TAU) Rice HPC Toolkit IBM HPCT Mpip gprof Profiling Tools Darshan PAPI High Level UPC API Low Level UPC API UPC Hardware BG/P dgemm Performance Tuning MPI on BGP Performance FAQs IBM References Software and Libraries Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] Performance Tools and APIs on BG/P Systems MPI and OpenMP Options Tuning MPI on BGP Performance Tools Tuning and Analysis Utilities (TAU) - Instruments applications and gathers information on timings, MPI activity, and hardware performance counter events Rice HPCToolkit- Performs sample based profiling of applications and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Home > Groups > Utility Rate Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 API developer OpenEI update utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_rates The new API includes support for the latest V2 Utility Rates input fields (including tiered time-of-use rates, tiered demand charges, new category for lighting, and many more improvements). Just a reminder that you can view (And contribute!) rate database entries

382

Frangible roof joint behavior of cylindrical oil storage tanks designed to API 650 rules  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the frangible joint behavior of tanks designed to API 650 rules. In such tanks, the roof-to-shell joint is intended to fail in the event of overpressurization, venting the tank and containing any remaining fluid. The reasoning behind present API design formulas is reviewed. Combustion analyses, structural analyses, and the results of testing are presented. Results show that higher pressures are reached before frangible joint failure than predicted by the present API 650 calculation. One consequence is that (for empty tanks) uplift of the bottom can be expected to occur more frequently than predicted using API 650. However, uplift does not necessarily mean bottom failure. Instead, the relative strength of the shell-to-bottom and roof-to-shell joints will determine failure. This ratio is larger for larger tanks. Recommendations are made as to possible changes in the design approach of API 650.

Lu, Z.; Swenson, D.V.; Fenton, D.L. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

A generic security API for symmetric key management on cryptographic devices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present a new symmetric key management API for cryptographic devices intended to implement security protocols in distributed systems. Our API has a formal security policy and proofs of security in the symbolic model, under various threat scenarios. This sets it apart from previous \\{APIs\\} such as RSA PKCS#11, which are under-specified, lack a clear security policy and are often subject to attacks. Our design is based on the principle of explicitness: the security policy for a key must be given at creation time, and this policy is then included in any ciphertext containing the key. Our API also contains novel features such as the possibility of insisting on a freshness check before accepting an encrypted key for import. To show the applicability of our design, we give an algorithm for automatically instantiating the API commands for a given key management protocol and apply it on the Clark–Jacob protocols suite.

Véronique Cortier; Graham Steel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Web API design considerations for resolving inherent issues in web environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The recent trend in web application development is moving towards exposing the service functionality through application programming interface (API). Many web-based services start to offer APIs to support application-to-application integration with their consumers on top of the web. The trend has raised the demand for average web developers to know how to design APIs for web-based services. In this paper, we summarise a list of inherent issues in the web that developers should pay attention to, describe how web architecture may help to resolve these issues, and suggest design considerations for web API design. In addition, we demonstrate an experimental design process through a case study to design web API for social bookmarking service.

Hui Ming Teo; Wan Mohd Nasir Wan Kadir

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Alteration of the tertiary structure of the major bee venom allergen Api m 1 by multiple mutations is  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alteration of the tertiary structure of the major bee venom allergen Api m 1 by multiple mutations a recombinant form of the major bee venom allergen (Api m 1) with the final goal of reducing its IgE reactivity. This molecule (Api mut) contains 24 mutations and one deletion of 10 amino acids. The successive introduction

Gelb, Michael

386

The Bioverse API and Web Application Michal Guerquin, Jason McDermott, Zach Frazier, and Ram Samudrala  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 22 The Bioverse API and Web Application Michal Guerquin, Jason McDermott, Zach Frazier.1007/978-1-59745-243-4_22 511 #12;an Application Programming Interface (API) that allows specific queries to be issued against the database and a web application that utilises the API to present the data in a browser to Internet users

Samudrala, Ram

387

Formal Verification of the SeVeCom HSM API with the Applied -calculus and the ProVerif tool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formal Verification of the SeVeCom HSM API with the Applied -calculus and the ProVerif tool Ta Vinh Programming Interface (API) of the HSM. Besides the physical protection provided by the hardware of the HSM, its API must also be secure and resistant against attempts of logical break-ins. Unfortunately

Bencsáth, Boldizsár

388

Abstract 2335: API 31510 - a novel anti-angiogenic modulator of endothelial cells and the tumor microenvironment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of pancreatic carcinoma by Cytotech Labs API 31510 Niven R. Narain 1 Caroline V. Caperton...developed a novel intravenous formulation, API 31510, which induces apoptosis of a pancreatic...weeks after transplantation with MIA Paca2, API 31510 and vehicle controls were administered...

Tony E. Walshe; Justin J. Bourdelais; Vivek Vishnudas; Rangaprasad Sarangarajan; Niven R. Narain

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

389

Detection of Nosema apis and N. ceranae in honeybee bottom scraps and frass in naturally infected hives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of Nosema apis and N. ceranae in honeybee bottom scraps and frass in naturally infected Abstract ­ Current sampling methods for identification of honeybee microsporidians (Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae) involve killing adult honeybees. The current study monitored the presence of N. apis and N

390

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos, Alexander Pucher, Rich Wolski, and Tevfik Bultan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cloud Platform Support for API Governance Chandra Krintz, Hiranya Jayathilaka, Stratos Dimopoulos, network accessible, application programming interfaces (APIs). In this paper, we postulate that recent management, and policy-based control ­ i.e. API governance ­ for extant and future digital assets. Toward

Bigelow, Stephen

391

A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org Richard H. Taylor a,b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium Richard H. Taylor a (API) following REST principles is introduced for the AFLOWLIB.org materials data repositories through a RESTful API and a python library enabling ad hoc applications [17]. Other examples of online

Curtarolo, Stefano

392

Press Room - Press Releases - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

29, 2013 29, 2013 Online service improves public access to state energy data EIA expands its API to include the State Energy Data System The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has added its State Energy Data System (SEDS) annual time-series data to the agency's application programming interface (API). EIA's SEDS data library adds 1.4 million data points, summarizing energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures, to the API that EIA launched in October 2012. The API allows direct third-party computer access to the agency's public data and is ideal for software developers working in the government, research, or the energy sector who are looking to design information technology applications. "Expanding EIA's API to include important information on state energy

393

Gravity Train Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 7, 2013 ... Gravity Train Project. Same page in Romanian, Polish, and in French. Let us drill a straight tunnel from West Lafayette, IN to Paris, France:.

394

Dynamical 3-Space: Emergent Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The laws of gravitation devised by Newton, and by Hilbert and Einstein, have failed many experimental and observational tests, namely the bore hole g anomaly, flat rotation curves for spiral galaxies, supermassive black hole mass spectrum, uniformly expanding universe, cosmic filaments, laboratory G measurements, galactic EM bending, precocious galaxy formation,.. The response has been the introduction of the new epicycles: ``dark matter", ``dark energy", and others. To understand gravity we must restart with the experimental discoveries by Galileo, and following a heuristic argument we are led to a uniquely determined theory of a dynamical 3-space. That 3-space exists has been missed from the beginning of physics, although it was 1st directly detected by Michelson and Morley in 1887. Uniquely generalising the quantum theory to include this dynamical 3-space we deduce the response of quantum matter and show that it results in a new account of gravity, and explains the above anomalies and others. The dynamical...

Cahill, Reginald T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Gravity perturbed Crapper waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waves are known to have multi-valued height. Using...gravity-capillary waves with multi-valued height. The...of single-valued and multi-valued travelling waves...absence of gravity, a family of exact solutions is...elliptic functions. Building upon the work by Tanveer...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Selection Rules for the Nonlinear Interactions of Internal Gravity Waves and Inertia-Gravity Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internal Gravity Waves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Twodimensional inertia-gravity wave physics . . . . . . . . .Three dimensional inertia-gravity wave physics . . . . . .

Jiang, Chung-Hsiang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Biztonsgi API analzis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyn Levente Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biztonsági API analízis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyán Levente Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong@crysys.hu CrySyS Adatbiztonsági Laboratórium BME Híradástechnikai Tanszék Kivonat: Az API szint támadások komoly veszélyt jelentenek a hardver biztonsági modulokra nézve, ezért fontos követelmény az API-ban rejl

Levente, Buttyán

398

American Petroleum Institute (API) Standard 653 compliance program for aboveground storage tanks  

SciTech Connect

With increased pressure from federal regulators to inspect and maintain aboveground storage tanks -- and with no specific guidelines in API (American Petroleum Institute) Standard 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction -- the need to develop an effective compliance program is warranted. Although many programs can be developed to comply with API Standard 653, this paper presents one interpretation of the document. An API Standard 653 compliance program has several components, including inspection scheduling, engineering evaluations, documentation, repairs and alterations, and the possibility of hydrotesting. Each of these components is integral to the other. Effective coordination of these activities will minimize tank downtime.

Butler, D.M.; Stadler, P.M. (Chicago Bridge Iron Co., Oak Brook, IL (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Phenomenological Quantum Gravity: the birth of a new frontier?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last years a general consensus has emerged that, contrary to intuition, quantum-gravity effects may have relevant consequences for the propagation and interaction of high energy particles. This has given birth to the field of ``Phenomenological Quantum Gravity'' We review some of the aspects of this new, very exciting frontier of Physics.

R. Aloisio; P. Blasi; A. Galante; P. L. Ghia; A. F. Grillo; F. Mendez

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

AES Encryption and Decryption Using Direct3D 10 API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current video cards (GPUs - Graphics Processing Units) are very programmable, have become much more powerful than the CPUs and they are very affordable. In this paper, we present an implementation for the AES algorithm using Direct3D 10 certified GPUs. The graphics API Direct3D 10 is the first version that allows the use of integer operations, making from the traditional GPUs (that works only with floating point numbers), General Purpose GPUs that can be used for a large number of algorithms, including encryption. We present the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithm - AES, on a middle range GPU and on a middle range quad core CPU. On the testing system, the developed solution is almost 3 times faster on the GPU than on one single core CPU, showing that the GPU can perform as an efficient cryptographic accelerator.

Chiuta, Adrian Marius

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Gravity's Rainbow induces Topology Change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we explore the possibility that quantum fluctuations induce a topology change, in the context of Gravity's Rainbow. A semi-classical approach is adopted, where the graviton one-loop contribution to a classical energy in a background spacetime is computed through a variational approach with Gaussian trial wave functionals. The energy density of the graviton one-loop contribution, or equivalently the background spacetime, is then let to evolve, and consequently the classical energy is determined. More specifically, the background metric is fixed to be Minkowskian in the equation governing the quantum fluctuations, which behaves essentially as a backreaction equation, and the quantum fluctuations are let to evolve; the classical energy, which depends on the evolved metric functions, is then evaluated. Analysing this procedure, a natural ultraviolet (UV) cutoff is obtained, which forbids the presence of an interior spacetime region, and may result in a multipy-connected spacetime. Thus, in the context of Gravity's Rainbow, this process may be interpreted as a change in topology, and in principle results in the presence of a Planckian wormhole.

Remo Garattini; Francisco S. N. Lobo

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

402

E-Print Network 3.0 - abelhas apis mellifera Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mellifera forager on orange blossoms at our field site... - 401. Breed, M.D. and T.M. Stiller, 1992. Honey bee, Apis mellifera, nestmate discrimination... -Laurino, M., 1982....

403

E-Print Network 3.0 - abelha apis mellifera Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mellifera forager on orange blossoms at our field site... - 401. Breed, M.D. and T.M. Stiller, 1992. Honey bee, Apis mellifera, nestmate discrimination... -Laurino, M., 1982....

404

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera linnaeus Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Sheffield, UK using colonies of Apis mellifera. Eggs aged 0-24 h were obtained from worker cells... noptres. Ann Sci Nat Zool 19:1-362 Breed MD, Stiller TM (1992) Honeybee,...

405

E-Print Network 3.0 - apis mellifera workers Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nies normally prevent the entry of non-nestmate workers from other... for 5 of the 6 study colo- nies (the sixth rejected all non-nestmates), 3 each of Apis mellifera... :...

406

An improved method for interpreting API filter press hydraulic conductivity test results  

SciTech Connect

The American Petroleum Institute (API) filter press is frequently used to measure the hydraulic conductivity of soil-bentonite backfill during the mix design process and as part of construction quality controls. However, interpretation of the test results is complicated by the fact that the seepage-induced consolidation pressure varies from zero at the top of the specimen to a maximum value at the bottom of the specimen. An analytical solution is available which relates the stress, compressibility, and hydraulic conductivity in soil consolidated by seepage forces. This paper presents the results of a laboratory investigation undertaken to support application of this theory to API hydraulic conductivity tests. When the API test results are interpreted using seepage consolidation theory, they are in good agreement with the results of consolidometer permeameter tests. Limitations of the API test are also discussed.

Heslin, G.M.; Baxter, D.Y.; Filz, G.M. [Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA (United States); Davidson, R.R. [Woodward-Clyde Consultants, Denver, CO (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - api filter press Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

press Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api filter press Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 AspectJ Javadoc Michihiro HORIE Shigeru CHIBA...

408

E-Print Network 3.0 - api x80 soldadas Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api x80 soldadas Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A Framework for Diversifying Windows Native...

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - api x65 estudio Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

estudio Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: api x65 estudio Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Country Host University Provider Course Title...

410

A Static Birthmark of Binary Executables Based on API Call Structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A software birthmark is a unique characteristic of a program that can be used as a software theft detection. In this paper we suggest and empirically evaluate a static birthmark of binary executables based on API

Seokwoo Choi; Heewan Park; Hyun-il Lim…

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Performance Issues of Synchronisation in the MPI-2 One-Sided Communication API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficient implementation of one-sided communication for cluster environments is a challenging task. Here, we present and discuss performance issues which are inherently created by the design of the MPI-2 API ...

Lars Schneidenbach; David Böhme…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

NSLS-II HIGH LEVEL APPLICATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND CLIENT API DESIGN  

SciTech Connect

The beam commissioning software framework of NSLS-II project adopts a client/server based architecture to replace the more traditional monolithic high level application approach. It is an open structure platform, and we try to provide a narrow API set for client application. With this narrow API, existing applications developed in different language under different architecture could be ported to our platform with small modification. This paper describes system infrastructure design, client API and system integration, and latest progress. As a new 3rd generation synchrotron light source with ultra low emittance, there are new requirements and challenges to control and manipulate the beam. A use case study and a theoretical analysis have been performed to clarify requirements and challenges to the high level applications (HLA) software environment. To satisfy those requirements and challenges, adequate system architecture of the software framework is critical for beam commissioning, study and operation. The existing traditional approaches are self-consistent, and monolithic. Some of them have adopted a concept of middle layer to separate low level hardware processing from numerical algorithm computing, physics modelling, data manipulating, plotting, and error handling. However, none of the existing approaches can satisfy the requirement. A new design has been proposed by introducing service oriented architecture technology. The HLA is combination of tools for accelerator physicists and operators, which is same as traditional approach. In NSLS-II, they include monitoring applications and control routines. Scripting environment is very important for the later part of HLA and both parts are designed based on a common set of APIs. Physicists and operators are users of these APIs, while control system engineers and a few accelerator physicists are the developers of these APIs. With our Client/Server mode based approach, we leave how to retrieve information to the developers of APIs and how to use them to form a physics application to the users. For example, how the channels are related to magnet and what the current real-time setting of a magnet is in physics unit are the internals of APIs. Measuring chromaticities are the users of APIs. All the users of APIs are working with magnet and instrument names in a physics unit. The low level communications in current or voltage unit are minimized. In this paper, we discussed our recent progress of our infrastructure development, and client API.

Shen, G.; Yang; L.; Shroff; K.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

413

Variation in and Responses to Brood Pheromone of the Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

? ? VARIATION?IN?AND?RESPONSES?TO?BROOD?PHEROMONE?OF? THE?HONEY?BEE?(Apis?mellifera)? ? ? A?Dissertation? ? by? ? BRADLEY?NORMAN?METZ? ? ? ? ? Submitted?to?the?Office?of?Graduate?Studies?of? Texas?A&M?University? in...?partial?fulfillment?of?the?requirements?for?the?degree?of? ? DOCTOR?OF?PHILOSOPHY? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? December?2009? ? ? ? Major?Subject:?Entomology? ? ? VARIATION?IN?AND?RESPONSES?TO?BROOD?PHEROMONE?OF? THE?HONEY?BEE?(Apis?mellifera)? ? ? A?Dissertation? ? by? ? BRADLEY...

Metz, Bradley N.

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

414

Purely affine Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a topological theory of gravity with torsion where metric has a dynamical rather than a kinematical origin. This approach towards gravity resembles pre-geometrical approaches in which a fundamental metric does not exist, but the affine connection gives place to a local inertial structure. Such feature reminds us of Mach's principle, that assumes the inertial forces should have dynamical origin. Additionally, a Newtonian gravitational force is obtained in the non-relativistic limit of the theory.

Skirzewski, Aureliano

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Purely affine Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a topological theory of gravity with torsion where metric has a dynamical rather than a kinematical origin. This approach towards gravity resembles pre-geometrical approaches in which a fundamental metric does not exist, but the affine connection gives place to a local inertial structure. Such feature reminds us of Mach's principle, that assumes the inertial forces should have dynamical origin. Additionally, a Newtonian gravitational force is obtained in the non-relativistic limit of the theory.

Aureliano Skirzewski; Oscar Castillo-Felisola

2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

416

Gravity, Cosmic Rays and the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high energy proton beams expected when the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) comes online should provide a pass/fail test for a gravity-related explanation of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays. The model predicts that particles have two kinds energies, equal for null gravitational potentials and, in the potential at the Earth, differing significantly above one TeV. If correct, a 7 TeV trajectory energy proton at the LHC would deliver a 23.5 TeV particle state energy in a collision.

Richard Shurtleff

2008-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

417

Quantum gravity effects in the Kerr spacetime  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the impact of the leading quantum gravity effects on the properties of black holes with nonzero angular momentum by performing a suitable renormalization group improvement of the classical Kerr metric within quantum Einstein gravity. In particular, we explore the structure of the horizons, the ergosphere, and the static limit surfaces as well as the phase space available for the Penrose process. The positivity properties of the effective vacuum energy-momentum tensor are also discussed and the 'dressing' of the black hole's mass and angular momentum are investigated by computing the corresponding Komar integrals. The pertinent Smarr formula turns out to retain its classical form. As for their thermodynamical properties, a modified first law of black-hole thermodynamics is found to be satisfied by the improved black holes (to second order in the angular momentum); the corresponding Bekenstein-Hawking temperature is not proportional to the surface gravity.

Reuter, M. [Institute of Physics, University of Mainz, Staudingerweg 7, D-55099 Mainz (Germany); Tuiran, E. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad del Norte, Km 5 via a Puerto Colombia, AA-1569 Barranquilla (Colombia)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Massive Gravity Wrapped in the Cosmic Web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study how the filamentary pattern of the cosmic web changes if the true gravity deviates from general relativity (GR) on a large scale. The f(R) gravity, whose strength is controlled to satisfy the current observational constraints on the cluster scale, is adopted as our fiducial model and a large, high-resolution N-body simulation is utilized for this study. By applying the minimal spanning tree algorithm to the halo catalogs from the simulation at various epochs, we identify the main stems of the rich superclusters located in the most prominent filamentary section of the cosmic web and determine their spatial extents per member cluster to be the degree of their straightness. It is found that the f(R) gravity has the effect of significantly bending the superclusters and that the effect becomes stronger as the universe evolves. Even in the case where the deviation from GR is too small to be detectable by any other observables, the degree of the supercluster straightness exhibits a conspicuous difference between the f(R) and the GR models. Our results also imply that the supercluster straightness could be a useful discriminator of f(R) gravity from the coupled dark energy since it is shown to evolve differently between the two models. As a final conclusion, the degree of the straightness of the rich superclusters should provide a powerful cosmological test of large scale gravity.

Junsup Shim; Jounghun Lee; Baojiu Li

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

NETL: Arctic Energy Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alaska’s Potential from unconventional sources: Alaska’s Potential from unconventional sources: The Alaska heavy oil resource is large, on the order of 45 billion barrels of original oil in place. The West Sak PA is believed to contain between 15 and 20 billion barrels of oil (BBO) with variable oil gravity from 10 to 22°API. West Sak development is restricted to a core area of about 2 BBO of which only 1.2 BBO is considered to be economical to develop. The Schrader Bluff PA is believed to contain between 15 and 20 BBO of 17°API oil. Schrader Bluff development is restricted to a core area of about 2 BBO of which only 1.3 BBO is considered to be economical to develop. Other heavy oil producing formations are Ugnu, Tabasco, Orion, and Polaris. Unconventional Sources Development of advanced enhanced oil recovery technologies, especially for

420

The Use of Density Meters and Microprocessors for Energy Measurement and Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANSI/API 2530 shows how natural gas volume and weight flow rates may be calculated from the differential pressure across an in-line orifice plate. AGA Report No.5 uses these equations and known relationships between specific gravity and calorific...

Balls, B. W.; Agar, J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Help:Utility Rate Data Entry | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

remaining issues that need to be documented. Data dictionary documentation for U.S. URDB API and data usage Demand Charges Fixed Monthly Charge Time of Use Tiered Rate Energy...

422

Gamma Ray Burst Neutrinos Probing Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Very high energy, short wavelength, neutrinos may interact with the space-time foam predicted by theories of quantum gravity. They would propagate like light through a crystal lattice and be delayed, with the delay depending on the energy. This will appear to the observer as a violation of Lorenz invariance. Back of the envelope calculations imply that observations of neutrinos produced by gamma ray bursts may reach Planck-scale sensitivity. We revisit the problem considering two essential complications: the imprecise timing of the neutrinos associated with their poorly understood production mechanism in the source and the indirect nature of their energy measurement made by high energy neutrino telescopes.

M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia; F. Halzen

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

423

Is the Sample Good Enough? Comparing Data from Twitter's Streaming API with Twitter's Firehose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twitter is a social media giant famous for the exchange of short, 140-character messages called "tweets". In the scientific community, the microblogging site is known for openness in sharing its data. It provides a glance into its millions of users and billions of tweets through a "Streaming API" which provides a sample of all tweets matching some parameters preset by the API user. The API service has been used by many researchers, companies, and governmental institutions that want to extract knowledge in accordance with a diverse array of questions pertaining to social media. The essential drawback of the Twitter API is the lack of documentation concerning what and how much data users get. This leads researchers to question whether the sampled data is a valid representation of the overall activity on Twitter. In this work we embark on answering this question by comparing data collected using Twitter's sampled API service with data collected using the full, albeit costly, Firehose stream that includes every s...

Morstatter, Fred; Liu, Huan; Carley, Kathleen M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

The E3 ubiquitin ligases ?-TrCP and FBXW7 cooperatively mediates GSK3-dependent Mcl-1 degradation induced by the Akt inhibitor API-1, resulting in apoptosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The novel Akt inhibitor, API-1, induces apoptosis through undefined mechanisms. ... study focuses on revealing the mechanisms by which API-1 induces apoptosis.

Hui Ren; Junghui Koo; Baoxiang Guan; Ping Yue; Xingming Deng…

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Resummation of Massive Gravity  

SciTech Connect

We construct four-dimensional covariant nonlinear theories of massive gravity which are ghost-free in the decoupling limit to all orders. These theories resume explicitly all the nonlinear terms of an effective field theory of massive gravity. We show that away from the decoupling limit the Hamiltonian constraint is maintained at least up to and including quartic order in nonlinearities, hence excluding the possibility of the Boulware-Deser ghost up to this order. We also show that the same remains true to all orders in a similar toy model.

Rham, Claudia de [Department de Physique Theorique, Universite de Geneve, 24 Quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneve (Switzerland); Gabadadze, Gregory [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York 10003 (United States); Tolley, Andrew J. [Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States)

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

426

Generalized Vaidya spacetime in Lovelock gravity and thermodynamics on the apparent horizon  

SciTech Connect

We present a kind of generalized Vaidya solutions in a generic Lovelock gravity. This solution generalizes the simple case in Gauss-Bonnet gravity reported recently by some authors. We study the thermodynamics of apparent horizon in this generalized Vaidya spacetime. Treating those terms except for the Einstein tensor as an effective energy-momentum tensor in the gravitational field equations, and using the unified first law in Einstein gravity theory, we obtain an entropy expression for the apparent horizon. We also obtain an energy expression of this spacetime, which coincides with the generalized Misner-Sharp energy proposed by Maeda and Nozawa in Lovelock gravity.

Cai Ronggen [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2735, Beijing 100190 (China); Cao Liming [Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang, Gyeongbuk 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Hu Yapeng [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2735, Beijing 100190 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Kim, Sang Pyo [Department of Physics, Kunsan National University, Kunsan 573-701 (Korea, Republic of); Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang, Gyeongbuk 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject? Try out the HTML to PDF API Phase transition and Critical Phenomenon Mustansir Barma barma Spring 2004

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

428

Phenomenological Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planck scale physics represents a future challenge, located between particle physics and general relativity. The Planck scale marks a threshold beyond which the old description of spacetime breaks down and conceptually new phenomena must appear. In the last years, increased efforts have been made to examine the phenomenology of quantum gravity, even if the full theory is still unknown.

S. Hossenfelder

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

New standards in flexible pipe technology including API Spec 17J  

SciTech Connect

Recent and future developments in the offshore industry will see the use of flexible pipes in more severe applications than previously. Included in this is its use in deep water, high temperature, high pressure and sour service applications. There is therefore a requirement in the industry for the development of consistent standards for the specification, design, materials, manufacturing and testing of flexible pipes. A Joint Industry Project (JIP) commenced early in 1994 to develop these new industry wide standards for unbonded flexible pipe. The 20 participants to the JIP included twelve oil companies, three manufacturers, three regulatory authorities and three contractors. The first phase of the project involved the development of a standard specification for flexible pipe, with a second phase, presently ongoing, to develop a new recommended practice for flexible pipe. The initial development of the industry standard specification was completed in May of 1995 and the document was subsequently submitted to API for technical review. This was completed by December 1995. The specification was updated accordingly in cooperation between API and the JIP, and subsequently released in January 1996 for API balloting. The specification is expected to be adopted and published as API Spec 17J by the middle of 1996. The specification will also be incorporated during 1996 into the new ISO series of standards for subsea equipment. The recommended practice will update API RP 17B to supplement the pipe specification and incorporate new technological developments. This paper discusses the scope, including new developments, addressed by API Spec 17J and also describes significant aspects in the updating of the recommended practice. This development of new standards within the flexible pipe industry is in line with the objectives of initiatives such as CRINE and NORSOK.

Grealish, F.W.; Bliault, A.; Caveny, K.P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

430

Modified Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent observational data in cosmology seem to indicate that the universe is currently expanding in an accelerated way. An intriguing interpretation of these data is that they may just be signalling that Einstein's General Relativity is not the correct description of gravity when we consider distances of the order of the present horizon of the universe. In this thesis we consider two models which modify General Relativity at very large distances, the Cascading DGP and the dRGT massive gravity, and investigate their phenomenological viability. We start with a general introduction to standard cosmology and we introduce the late time acceleration problem and the cosmological constant problem. We then provide a pedagogical introduction to the DGP model, of which the Cascading DGP is an extension, and to the dRGT massive gravity. Concerning the Cascading DGP, we show that the thin limit of the 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined, at least for the class of configurations that we consider, and confirm that gravity is regularized in these set-ups. We give a geometrical interpretation of the presence of the critical tension, and comment on the difference between the results in the literature and our results, which we support with a numerical calculation. Regarding the dRGT massive gravity, we focus on the branch of solutions in which the Vainshtein mechanism can occur. We determine analytically the number and properties of local solutions which exist asymptotically on large scales (but still below the gravitational Compton wavelength), and of local (inner) solutions which exist on small scales. We characterize exactly the properties of global solutions in every point of the phase space, and characterize precisely in which regions the Vainshtein mechanism takes place. We also provide numerical solutions which confirm our analysis.

Fulvio Sbisa'

2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

431

The Novel Akt Inhibitor API-1 Induces c-FLIP Degradation and Synergizes with TRAIL to Augment Apoptosis Independent of Akt Inhibition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Research Articles The Novel Akt Inhibitor API-1 Induces c-FLIP Degradation and Synergizes...Coalition Distinguished Cancer Scholars. API-1 (pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines...this study, we reveal a novel function of API-1 in regulation of cellular FLICE-inhibitory...

Bo Li; Hui Ren; Ping Yue; Mingwei Chen; Fadlo R. Khuri; Shi-Yong Sun

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& D version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Courses Instructor(s) e-mail Quantum Mechanics II

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

433

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& A. Ray akr Nuclear Physics& R a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Courses Instructor(s) e-mail Quantum Mechanics II@$* Deepak Dhar

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

434

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& Devendra.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Electrodynamics I Numerical Methods

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

435

Abstract 261: The novel Akt inhibitor API-1 induces c-FLIP degradation and synergizes with TRAIL to augment apoptosis independent of Akt inhibition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4, 2012; Chicago, IL Abstract 1130: API 31510 induced shift in mitochondrial metabolism...Natick, MA 2Berg Pharma, Cambridge, MA API 31510 is an ubidecarenone-based small...relationship of mitochondrial metabolism and API 31510 induced apoptosis on different cancer...

Bo Li; Hui Rentsch; Ping Yue; Mingwei Chen; Fadlo R. Khuri; Shiyong Sun

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

436

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Topics in Theoretical Physics Kedar Damle a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Admission SBP-guidelines Events Courses Contact SBP-members SBP Home

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

437

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Share Facebook Tw itter Share StumbleUpon Email  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Share a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API MORE INFORMATION ARBORETUM PLANT SALE ARBORETUM PLANT SALE Where a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API well drilling boom 1 month, 1 week ago "Normal" irrigation can make

Pasternack, Gregory B.

438

Influence of sulfate reducing bacterial biofilm on corrosion behavior of low-alloy, high-strength steel (API-5L X80)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-strength steel (API-5L X80) Faisal M. AlAbbas a,*, Charles Williamson b , Shaily M. Bhola a , John R. Spear b in revised form 25 October 2012 Accepted 25 October 2012 Available online Keywords: Carbon steel API 5L X80. This work investigates microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) of API 5L X80 linepipe steel by sulfate

439

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Courses #12;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API;pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Reading Courses

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

440

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject the HTML to PDF API Astronomy and Astrophysics& D. Narasimha/D. Ojha dna/ojha Nuclear Physics& Indranil a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Courses Instructor(s) e-mail Quantum Mechanics II@$* Sunil Mukhi

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Abstract 1130: API 31510 induced shift in mitochondrial metabolism in cancer cells is characterized by increased mitochondrial efficiency and induction of apoptosis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CA Abstract B240: Combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...to gefitinib (an EGFR inhibitor) with API-2 (a selective Akt inhibitor) by increasing...investigated whether combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...

Enxuan Jing; Vivek Vishnudas; Joaquin J. Jimnenez; Niven R. Narain; Rangaprasad Sarangarajan

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

442

The leak resistance of 2-inch N-80 API treaded tubular connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE LEAK RESISTANCE OF 2-INCH N-80 API THREAD TOBULAR CONNECTION A Thesis Peter D. Weiner Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE January 1961 Ma)or Subject: Mechanical Engineering THE LEAK RESISTANCE OF 2-INCH N-80 API THREADED TUBULAR COHHECTIOH A Thesis By Peter D. Weiner Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of ittee Head of Department January 1961...

Weiner, Peter Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

443

Commercialization and Late-Stage Development of a Semisynthetic Antifungal API: Anidulafungin/d-Fructose (Eraxis)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Commercialization and Late-Stage Development of a Semisynthetic Antifungal API: Anidulafungin/d-Fructose (Eraxis) ... In first-generation processes, the reaction medium was initially quenched into acetonitrile to precipitate crude 1. ... Clarification, however, is necessary for this API to render it speck-free from extraneous particulate matter, but armed with the above information the initial dissolution process operation was carried out at the lower end of the allowable process range to facilitate minimal formation of 9 during processing as a practical compromise. ...

Timothy Norris; John VanAlsten; Stephen Hubbs; Marcus Ewing; Weiling Cai; Matthew L. Jorgensen; Jon Bordner; Grace O. Jensen

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

444

Unimodular Gravity and Averaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of the averaging of inhomogeneous spacetimes in cosmology is important for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. In this paper we suggest a conceptually simpler approach to averaging in cosmology based on the averaging of scalars within unimodular gravity. As an illustration, we consider the example of an exact spherically symmetric dust model, and show that within this approach averaging introduces correlations (corrections) to the effective dynamical evolution equation in the form of a spatial curvature term.

A. Coley; J. Brannlund; J. Latta

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

445

Gravity, Dimension, Equilibrium, & Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Is it actually possible to interpret gravitation as space's property in a pure classical way. Then, we note that extended self-gravitating system equilibrium depends directly on the number of dimension of the space in which it evolves. Given those precisions, we review the principal thermodynamical knowledge in the context of classical gravity with arbitrary dimension of space. Stability analyses for bounded 3D systems, namely the Antonov instability paradigm, are then rapproched to some amazing properties of globular clusters and galaxies.

Jerome Perez

2006-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

446

Modified Theories of Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent observational data in cosmology seem to indicate that the universe is currently expanding in an accelerated way. An intriguing interpretation of these data is that they may just be signalling that Einstein's General Relativity is not the correct description of gravity when we consider distances of the order of the present horizon of the universe. In this thesis we consider two models which modify General Relativity at very large distances, the Cascading DGP and the dRGT massive gravity, and investigate their phenomenological viability. We start with a general introduction to standard cosmology and we introduce the late time acceleration problem and the cosmological constant problem. We then provide a pedagogical introduction to the DGP model, of which the Cascading DGP is an extension, and to the dRGT massive gravity. Concerning the Cascading DGP, we show that the thin limit of the 4D brane inside the (already thin) 5D brane is well defined, at least for the class of configurations that we consider...

Sbisà, Fulvio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Tagged Neutron Source for API Inspection Systems with Greatly Enhanced Spatial Resolution  

SciTech Connect

We recently developed induced fission and transmission imaging methods with time- and directionally-tagged neutrons offer new capabilities for characterization of fissile material configurations and enhanced detection of special nuclear materials (SNM). An Advanced Associated Particle Imaging (API) generator with higher angular resolution and neutron yield than existing systems is needed to fully exploit these methods.

None

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

448

Identification of Staphylococcus species with the API STAPH-IDENT system.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The API STAPH-IDENT strip utilizes a battery of 10 miniaturized biochemical tests...by the manufacturer) were added to the battery, 95 to 96% of the profiles generated...John- son. 1969. A batch procedure for thermal elution of DNA from hydroxyapatite. Anal...

W E Kloos; J F Wolfshohl

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

ACME: Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment API Version 1.3  

SciTech Connect

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

BROWN, KEVIN H.; VOTH, THOMAS E.; GLASS, MICHEAL W.; GULLERUD, ARNE S.; HEINSTEIN, MARTIN W.; JONES, REESE E.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

ACME - Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment API Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

BROWN, KEVIN H.; SUMMERS, RANDALL M.; GLASS, MICHEAL W.; GULLERUD, ARNE S.; HEINSTEIN, MARTIN W.; JONES, REESE E.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

ACME Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment API Version 0.3a  

SciTech Connect

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

BROWN, KEVIN H.; GLASS, MICHEAL W.; GULLERUD, ARNE S.; HEINSTEIN, MARTIN W.; JONES, REESE E.; SUMMERS, RANDALL M.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

When is it Biased? Assessing the Representativeness of Twitter's Streaming API  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Twitter has captured the interest of the scientific community not only for its massive user base and content, but also for its openness in sharing its data. Twitter shares a free 1% sample of its tweets through the "Streaming API", a service that returns a sample of tweets according to a set of parameters set by the researcher. Recently, research has pointed to evidence of bias in the data returned through the Streaming API, raising concern in the integrity of this data service for use in research scenarios. While these results are important, the methodologies proposed in previous work rely on the restrictive and expensive Firehose to find the bias in the Streaming API data. In this work we tackle the problem of finding sample bias without the need for "gold standard" Firehose data. Namely, we focus on finding time periods in the Streaming API data where the trend of a hashtag is significantly different from its trend in the true activity on Twitter. We propose a solution that focuses on using an open data so...

Morstatter, Fred; Liu, Huan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Continuous API-crystal coating via coacervation in a tubular reactor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We present a proof-of-concept study of a continuous coating process of single API crystals in a tubular reactor using coacervation as a microencapsulation technique. Continuous API crystal coating can have several advantages, as in a single step (following crystallization) individual crystals can be prepared with a functional coating, either to change the release behavior, to protect the API from gastric juice or to modify the surface energetics of the API (i.e., to tailor the hydrophobic/hydrophilic characteristics, flowability or agglomeration tendency, etc.). The coating process was developed for the microencapsulation of a lipophilic core material (ibuprofen crystals of 20 ?m- to 100 ?m-size), with either hypromellose phthalate (HPMCP) or Eudragit L100-55. The core material was suspended in an aqueous solution containing one of these enteric polymers, fed into the tubing and mixed continuously with a sodium sulfate solution as an antisolvent to induce coacervation. A subsequent temperature treatment was applied to optimize the microencapsulation of crystals via the polymer-rich coacervate phase. Cross-linking of the coating shell was achieved by mixing the processed material with an acidic solution (pH < 3). Flow rates, temperature profiles and polymer-to-antisolvent ratios had to be tightly controlled to avoid excessive aggregation, leading to pipe plugging. This work demonstrates the potential of a tubular reactor design for continuous coating applications and is the basis for future work, combining continuous crystallization and coating.

M.O. Besenhard; A. Thurnberger; R. Hohl; E. Faulhammer; J. Rattenberger; J.G. Khinast

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

ACME algorithms for contact in a multiphysics environment API version 2.2.  

SciTech Connect

An effort is underway at Sandia National Laboratories to develop a library of algorithms to search for potential interactions between surfaces represented by analytic and discretized topological entities. This effort is also developing algorithms to determine forces due to these interactions for transient dynamics applications. This document describes the Application Programming Interface (API) for the ACME (Algorithms for Contact in a Multiphysics Environment) library.

Heinstein, Martin Wilhelm; Glass, Micheal W.; Gullerud, Arne S.; Brown, Kevin H.; Voth, Thomas Eugene; Jones, Reese E.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Water Sim 5.0 Model API Both researchers and water managers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Sim 5.0 Model API Both researchers and water managers indicated that a different type not similar between different researchers and between different water managers. Thus it would not be possible that implements a simplified visual interface to the model is provided as an example of using the What is Water

Hall, Sharon J.

456

Universality of Gravity from Entanglement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The entanglement "first law" in conformal field theories relates the entanglement entropy for a ball-shaped region to an integral over the same region involving the expectation value of the CFT stress-energy tensor, for infinitesimal perturbations to the CFT vacuum state. In recent work, this was exploited at leading order in $N$ in the context of large N holographic CFTs to show that any geometry dual to a perturbed CFT state must satisfy Einstein's equations linearized about pure AdS. In this note, we investigate the implications of the leading 1/N correction to the exact CFT result. We show that these corrections give rise to the source term for the gravitational equations: for semiclassical bulk states, the expectation value of the bulk stress-energy tensor appears as a source in the linearized equations. In particular, the CFT first law leads to Newton's Law of gravitation and the fact that all sources of stress-energy source the gravitational field. In our derivation, this universality of gravity comes directly from the universality of entanglement (the fact that all degrees of freedom in a subsystem contribute to entanglement entropy).

Brian Swingle; Mark Van Raamsdonk

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

457

The Growing Web of Open Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data September 26, 2012 - 10:57am Addthis NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Across the federal government, Open Data Initiatives aim to "liberate" government data to empower entrepreneurs, improve the lives of Americans, and create jobs. An example of this process is the way that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration makes weather data freely available for download by anyone. This open data has been used to improve weather newscasts, mobile applications, websites, and even insurance plans.

458

The Growing Web of Open Data | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data The Growing Web of Open Data September 26, 2012 - 10:57am Addthis NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. NREL's Visual API Browser presents energy data APIs as a web of key words. Matthew Loveless Matthew Loveless Data Integration Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Across the federal government, Open Data Initiatives aim to "liberate" government data to empower entrepreneurs, improve the lives of Americans, and create jobs. An example of this process is the way that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration makes weather data freely available for download by anyone. This open data has been used to improve weather newscasts, mobile applications, websites, and even insurance plans.

459

Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI: 10.1002/spe.2215 Some structural measures of API usability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this age of collaborative software development, the importance of usable APIs is well recognized. There already exists a rich body of literature that addresses issues ranging from how to design usable APIs to assessing qualitatively the usability of a given API. However, there does not yet exist a set of generalpurpose metrics that can be pressed into service for a more quantitative assessment of API usability. The goal of this paper is to remedy this shortcoming in the literature. Our work presents a set of formulas that examine the API method declarations from the perspective of several commonly held beliefs regarding what makes APIs difficult to use. We validate the numerical characterizations of API usability as produced by our

Softw Pract Exper; Girish Maskeri Rama; Avinash Kak

460

Assessing air quality in Hong Kong: A proposed, revised air pollution index (API)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Environment Protection Department of Hong Kong has been using an air pollution index (API) to report the status of ambient air quality since 1995. Such an index system was first developed by the USA Environmental Protection Authority. The API compares five main air pollutants, i.e. sulfur dioxide (SO2), respirable suspended particulates (RSP), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) and Ozone (O3) as sub-indexes, which are calculated separately from a segmented linear function that transforms ambient pollutants concentrations into a normalized scale extending from 0 to 500. The resultant pollution level is described by the maximal value of these five sub-indexes. The limitation of this API system is that it considers only one pollutant with the maximum value at a time but reflects other pollutants concurrently. In this study, a revised air quality index (RAPI) is proposed based on the entropy function, which combines the effect of all pollutants on public health. The design of the revised index is based on database of air pollutants collected at two air quality monitoring stations in Hong Kong, i.e. a roadside station in Mong Kok and a general station in Sha Tin. Compared with the existing API, values of RAPI (calculated from data collected for API) at both stations are at higher levels and provide more information of levels of all pollutants. Therefore, RAPI should be representatively and widely used to provide the public with a better indicator of air quality. In addition, variations and oscillations of pollutants concentrations were also examined and the results show that RSP and NO2 contribute more to the overall pollution level than other components. It is suggested that more abatement strategies be focused on these pollutants to improve air quality in the future.

Wei-Zhen Lu; Hong-di He; Andrew Y.T. Leung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Dynamical horizon entropy and equilibrium thermodynamics of generalized gravity theories  

SciTech Connect

We study the relation between the thermodynamics and field equations of generalized gravity theories on the dynamical trapping horizon with sphere symmetry. We assume the entropy of a dynamical horizon as the Noether charge associated with the Kodama vector and point out that it satisfies the second law when a Gibbs equation holds. We generalize two kinds of Gibbs equations to Gauss-Bonnet gravity on any trapping horizon. Based on the quasilocal gravitational energy found recently for f(R) gravity and scalar-tensor gravity in some special cases, we also build up the Gibbs equations, where the nonequilibrium entropy production, which is usually invoked to balance the energy conservation, is just absorbed into the modified Wald entropy in the Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime with slowly varying horizon. Moreover, the equilibrium thermodynamic identity remains valid for f(R) gravity in a static spacetime. Our work provides an alternative treatment to reinterpret the nonequilibrium correction and supports the idea that the horizon thermodynamics is universal for generalized gravity theories.

Wu Shaofeng; Ge Xianhui; Yang Guohong [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444 (China); Shanghai Key Lab of Astrophysics, Shanghai, 200234 (China); Zhang Pengming [Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou, 730000 (China)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Scripted Building Energy Modeling and Analysis (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Building energy analysis is often time-intensive, error-prone, and non-reproducible. Entire energy analyses can be scripted end-to-end using the OpenStudio Ruby API. Common tasks within an analysis can be automated using OpenStudio Measures. Graphical user interfaces (GUI's) and component libraries reduce time, decrease errors, and improve repeatability in energy modeling.

Macumber, D.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Dual gravity and E11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the equation of motion in the gravity sector that arises from the non-linear realisation of the semi-direct product of E11 and its first fundamental representation, denoted by l1, in four dimensions. This equation is first order in derivatives and at low levels relates the usual field of gravity to a dual gravity field. When the generalised space-time is restricted to be the usual four dimensional space-time we show that this equation does correctly describe Einstein's theory at the linearised level. We also comment on previous discussions of dual gravity.

Peter West

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

464

Dual gravity and E11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the equation of motion in the gravity sector that arises from the non-linear realisation of the semi-direct product of E11 and its first fundamental representation, denoted by l1, in four dimensions. This equation is first order in derivatives and at low levels relates the usual field of gravity to a dual gravity field. When the generalised space-time is restricted to be the usual four dimensional space-time we show that this equation does correctly describe Einstein's theory at the linearised level. We also comment on previous discussions of dual gravity.

West, Peter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Lorentz violation and higher-derivative gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we analyze a gravity model with higher derivatives including a CPT-even Lorentz-violating term. In principle, the model could be a low-energy limit of a Lorentz-invariant theory presenting the violation of Lorentz symmetry as a consequence of a spontaneous symmetry-breaking mechanism if a decoupling between the metric and the Nambu-Goldstone modes is assumed. We have set up a convenient operator basis for the expansion of wave operators for symmetric second-rank tensors in the presence of a background vector. By using this set of operators, the particle content is obtained, and its consistency, regarding the conditions for stability and unitarity, is discussed. We conclude that this extra Lorentz noninvariant contribution is unable to address the problems of stability and unitarity of higher-derivative gravity models.

Hernaski, C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Echoes of Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of anisotropies in the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation is progressing at a phenomenal rate, both experimentally and theoretically. These anisotropies can teach us an enormous amount about the way that fluctuations were generated and the way they subsequently evolved into the clustered galaxies which are observed today. In particular, on sub-degree scales the rich structure in the anisotropy spectrum is the consequence of gravity-driven acoustic oscillations occurring before the matter in the universe became neutral. The frozen-in phases of these sound waves imprint a dependence on many cosmological parameters, that we may be on the verge of extracting.

Douglas Scott; Martin White

1995-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

467

Application Programming Interface | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

(API). Using the API, users can query the same analytical tools available through the web interface, without compromising the security or anonymity of the database. The API...

468

Fluid Gravity Engineering Rocket motor flow analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fluid Gravity Engineering Capability · Rocket motor flow analysis -Internal (performance) -External young scientists/engineers Fluid Gravity Engineering Ltd #12;

Anand, Mahesh

469

Reduced models for quantum gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The preceding talks given at this conference have dealt mainly with general ideas for, main problems of and techniques for the task of quantizing gravity canonically. Since one of the major motivations to arrange for this meeting was that it should serve as a beginner's introduction to canonical quantum gravity, we regard it as important to demonstrate the usefulness of the formalism by means of applying it to simplified models of quantum gravity, here formulated in terms of Ashtekar's new variables. From the various, completely solvable, models that have been discussed in the literature we choose those that we consider as most suitable for our pedagogical reasons, namely 2+1 gravity and the spherically symmetric model. The former model arises from a dimensional, the latter from a Killing reduction of full 3+1 gravity. While 2+1 gravity is usually treated in terms of closed topologies without boundary of the initial data hypersurface, the toplogy for the spherically symmetric system is chosen to be asymptotically flat. Finally, 2+1 gravity is more suitably quantized using the loop representation while spherically symmetric gravity is easier to quantize via the self-dual representation. Accordingly, both types of reductions, both types of topologies and both types of representations that are mainly employed in the literature in the context of the new variables come into practice. What makes the discussion especially clear is the fact that for both models the reduced phase space turns out to be finitely dimensional.

T. Thiemann

1999-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

470

Identification ofCorynebacterium jeikeium andCorynebacterium CDC group D 2 with the API 20 strep system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A total of 170 strains ofCorynebacterium jeikeium and 23 strains ofCorynebacterium...group D2 were examined in three British laboratories using the API 20 Strep identification system and three supplementary...Cor...

G. Tillotson; M. Arora; M. Robbins…

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Quantum-Gravity Phenomenology and the DSR Ether Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Guided primarily by versions of a theoretical framework called Doubly Special Relativity, or DSR, that are supposed to entail speeds of light that vary with energy while preserving the relativity of inertial frames, quantum-gravity phenomenologists have recently been seeking clues to quantum gravity, in hoped-for differing times of arrival, for light of differing energies, from cosmologically distant sources. However, it has long been known that signals, of arbitrarily high speed in opposing directions, could be used to observe the translational state of (absolute) rest, as could signals of a fixed speed different from c. Consequently, the above versions of DSR are nonviable.

Kenneth M. Sasaki

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

472

The Universe Adventure - Dark Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Dark Energy An artist's conception of Dark Energy. Imagine you toss an apple straight up into the air. Due to gravity, one would expect the apple to come right back down to earth. But what if it doesn't? What if, due to some unseen force your apple continues going up, at an accelerated rate, no matter how much gravity pleads and begs for the apple to come back down. Could this really happen? Could there really be "anti-gravity?" On the scale of the Universe, there is; say "hello" to Dark Energy. In the most basic sense, Dark Energy is akin to negative gravity. Where gravity is attractive, Dark Energy is repulsive. Dark Energy causes the Universe to expand at an increasing rate. For example, to a viewer on earth, gravity would attract a distant galaxy towards Earth, but Dark

473

Quantity comparison of concurrency control methods for XML database systems based on DOM API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Existing works on processing of eXtensible Markup Language (XML) documents have been concentrated on query optimisation, storage problems, documents transformation, compressing methods and normalisation. There are only few papers on concurrency control in accessing and modifying XML documents, which are stored in XML database systems. The aim of this paper is to analyse and compare the quantity of concurrency control methods for XML database systems based on DOM API.

Krzysztof Jankiewicz; Aleksandra Siekierska; Maciej Siekierski

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Synergistic effect of stray current and stress on corrosion of API X65 steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effect of stray current and stress on corrosion of API X65 steel in simulated solution of the alkaline soil in Daqing in China was investigated using corrosion potential test, potentiodynamic polarization measurement, as well as surface analysis techniques. A mathematical relationship between corrosion rate and yield strength, direct current (DC) stray current density was obtained by multiple linear regression. The results demonstrate that, the corrosion potential of API X65 steel with and without superimposed DC stray current all shifted negatively, and the corrosion current density increases with the enhancement of tensile stress in solution. The corrosion current density under the synergistic effect of stress and stray current is much higher than corrosion current density that single factor (stress or stray current) induced. Comparing with the stress, the effect of stray current on corrosion rate of API X65 steel is more significant in elastic deformation. Mutation in corrosion potential and corrosion rate appeared when the strain reaches plastic deformation. This work provides reference suggestion for pipeline safety design and operation, where the corrosion enhancement due to the synergistic effect of stray current and stress should be considered.

Xinhua Wang; Xinghua Tang; Liwei Wang; Cui Wang; Wenqing Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

SAGA: A Simple API for Grid Applications -- High-Level ApplicationProgramming on the Grid  

SciTech Connect

Grid technology has matured considerably over the past fewyears. Progress in both implementation and standardization is reaching alevel of robustness that enables production quality deployments of gridservices in the academic research community with heightened interest andearly adoption in the industrial community. Despite this progress, gridapplications are far from ubiquitous, and new applications require anenormous amount of programming effort just to see first light. A keyimpediment to accelerated deployment of grid applications is the scarcityof high-level application programming abstractions that bridge the gapbetween existing grid middle-ware and application-level needs. The SimpleAPI for Grid Applications (SAGA [1]) is a GGF standardization effort thataddresses this particular gap by providing a simple, stable, and uniformprogramming interface that integrates the most common grid programmingabstractions. These most common abstractions were identified through theanalysis of several existing and emerging Grid applications. In thisarticle, we present the SAGA effort, describe its relationship to otherGrid API efforts within the GGF community, and introduce the first draftof the API using some application programming examples.

Goodale, Tom; Jha, Shantenu; Kaiser, Hartmut; Kielmann, Thilo; Kleijer, Pascal; von Laszewski, Gregor; Lee, Craig; Merzky, Andre; Rajic,Hrabri; Shalf, John

2006-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

476

Proposal for a Data Management API within the GridRPC Y. Caniou, E. Caron, F. Desprez, G. Le Mahec, H. Nakada and Y. Tanimura  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal for a Data Management API within the GridRPC Y. Caniou, E. Caron, F. Desprez, G. Le Mahec.92:2010-03-21) provides a recommendation to the Grid community on a proposed model and API for data management to Grid This document follows the document produced by the GridRPC-WG on GridRPC Model and API for End-User applications

Caniou, Yves

477

Gravity, Geometry, and Equivalence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the energy-momentum four-vector of a planet, p = mu, is conserved during geodesic motion. Therefore, there is no exchange of energy-momentum with the gravitational field. We discuss the meaning of a gravitational field which is free of energy, momentum, and stress.

Kenneth Dalton

1997-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

478

No Open or Flat Bouncing Cosmologies in Einstein Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that bouncing open or flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmologies are inconsistent with worldsheet string theory to first approximation. Specifically, the Virasoro constraint translates to the null energy condition in spacetime at leading order in the alpha-prime expansion. Thus one must go beyond minimally-coupled Einstein gravity in order to find bounce solutions.

Parikh, Maulik K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

CIO Blog Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 9, 2012 November 9, 2012 Department of Energy Implements APIs in the Cloud As part of the Digital Strategy, the Department of Energy is making more high-value data sets available through Application Program Interfaces (APIs) - helping programmers develop new opportunities, services and products for citizens. Additionally, these data sets and APIs are now housed on cloud-based servers, helping us to provide easy, scalable access to the public. November 7, 2012 Sandy made landfall as a post-tropical cyclone on the southern coast of New Jersey near Atlantic City at 8 p.m. on October 29, with top sustained winds of 80 mph. | Photo courtesy of NOAA. Responding To Hurricane Sandy: DOE Situation Reports As of 9:00 am EST November 7, there are 650,416 customers are without power

480

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Developer Developer Announcing EIA's Application Programming Interface The U.S. Energy Information Administration is committed to making its data available through an Application Programming Interface (API) to better serve our customers. An API allows computers to more easily access our public data. By making EIA data available in this machine-readable format, the creativity in the private, the non-profit, and the public sectors can be harnessed to find new ways to innovate and create value-added services powered by public data. Currently, EIA's API is released as a beta product. On September 21, 2012, the initial 408,000 electricity series were added. On Jan 24, 2013 the entire State Energy Data System Was added, comprised of over 30,000 additional time-series. On August 23, 126,000 petroleum and natural gas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "api gravity energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Data Tools & Models - Data Tools - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Developer Developer Announcing EIA's Application Programming Interface (API) The US Energy Information Administration is committed to making its data available through an Application Programming Interface (API) to better serve our customers. APIs allows computers to more easily access our public data. By making EIA data available is this machine readable format, the creativity in the private, the non-profit, and the public sectors can be harnessed to find new ways to analyze and create added-value services powered by public data. As of September 21, 2012, EIA's API is released as a beta product. It currently contains 465,000 electricity series. As we add petroleum, natural gas, international, and state energy estimates over the coming months, this number will swell to over a million series.

482

Gravity-anti-Gravity Symmetric Mini-Superspace: Quantum Entanglement and Cosmological Scale Factor Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gravity-anti-gravity (GaG) odd linear dilaton action offers an eternal inflation evolution governed by the unified (cosmological constant plus radiation) equation of state $\\rho-3P=4\\Lambda$. At the mini superspace level, a 'two-particle' variant of the no-boundary proposal, notably 'one-particle' energy dependent, is encountered. While a GaG-odd wave function can only host a weak Big Bang boundary condition, albeit for any $k$, a strong Big Bang boundary condition requires a GaG-even entangled wave function, and singles out $k=0$ flat space. The locally most probable values for the cosmological scale factor and the dilaton field form a grid $\\{a^2,a\\phi\\}\\sim\\sqrt{4n_1+1}\\pm\\sqrt{4n_2+1}$.

Aharon Davidson; Tomer Ygael

2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

483

Gravity-anti-Gravity Symmetric Mini-Superspace: Quantum Entanglement and Cosmological Scale Factor Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gravity-anti-gravity (GaG) odd linear dilaton action offers an eternal inflation evolution governed by the unified (cosmological constant plus radiation) equation of state $\\rho-3P=4\\Lambda$. At the mini superspace level, a 'two-particle' variant of the no-boundary proposal, notably 'one-particle' energy dependent, is encountered. While a GaG-odd wave function can only host a weak Big Bang boundary condition, albeit for any $k$, a strong Big Bang boundary condition requires a GaG-even entangled wave function, and singles out $k=0$ flat space. The locally most probable values for the cosmological scale factor and the dilaton field form a grid $\\{a^2,a\\phi\\}\\sim\\sqrt{4n_1+1}\\pm\\sqrt{4n_2+1}$.

Davidson, Aharon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

G\\"{o}del-type solution in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we will examine the problem of violation of causality in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity, where $R$ is the Ricci scalar and $T$ is the trace of the energy-momentum tensor $T_{\\mu\

Ferst, C J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Gödel-type solution in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we will examine the problem of violation of causality in $f(R,T)$ modified gravity, where $R$ is the Ricci scalar and $T$ is the trace of the energy-momentum tensor $T_{\\mu\

C. J. Ferst; A. F. Santos

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

486

Time machines and traversable wormholes in modified theories of gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent work on wormhole geometries in the context of modified theories of gravity, in particular, in f(R) gravity and with a nonminimal curvature-matter coupling, and in the recently proposed hybrid metric-Palatini theory. In principle, the normal matter threading the throat can be shown to satisfy the energy conditions and it is the higher order curvatures terms that sustain these wormhole geometries. We also briefly review the conversion of wormholes into time-machines, explore several of the time travel paradoxes and possible remedies to these intriguing side-effects in wormhole physics.

Francisco S. N. Lobo

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

487

Towards an energy-aware scientific I/O interface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Intelligently switching energy saving modes of CPUs, NICs and disks is mandatory to reduce the energy consumption.Hardware and operating system have a limited perspective of future performance demands, thus automatic control is suboptimal. However, it ... Keywords: ADIOS, Energy efficiency, Performance analysis, Performance optimization, Scientific I/O API

Julian M. Kunkel; Timo Minartz; Michael Kuhn; Thomas Ludwig

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Physics 321 Energy Conservation Potential Energy in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physics 321 Hour 7 Energy Conservation ­ Potential Energy in One Dimension Work-Energy Theorem = 1 work increases kinetic energy, negative work decreases kinetic energy Gravity Depending on initial is independent of path. If we know we also know . 1 2 y x Potential Energy If T is dependent only on the end

Hart, Gus

489

On the UV structure of quantum unimodular gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is a well known result that any formulation of unimodular gravity is classically equivalent to General Relativity (GR), however a debate exists in the literature about this equivalence at the quantum level. In this work, we investigate the UV quantum structure of a diffeomorphism invariant formulation of unimodular gravity using functional renormalisation group methods in a Wilsonian context. We show that the effective action of the unimodular theory acquires essentially the same form with that of GR in the UV, as well as that both theories share similar UV completions within the framework of the asymptotic safety scenario for quantum gravity. Furthermore, we find that in this context the unimodular theory can appear to be non--predictive due to an increasing number of relevant couplings at high energies, and explain how this unwanted feature is in the end avoided.

Ippocratis D. Saltas

2014-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

490

Relativistic Gravity and Non-Relativistic Effective Field Theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been great interest recently in formulating non-relativistic effective field theories in a general coordinate invariant way. We show that relativistic gravity theories can offer such a framework. We focus on the parity violating case in 2+1 dimensions which is particularly appropriate for the study on quantum Hall effects and chiral superfluids. We discuss how the non-relativistic spacetime structure emerges from relativistic gravity. We present covariant maps and constraints that relate the field contents in the two theories, which also serve as holographic dictionary in context of gauge/gravity duality. A low energy effective action for fractional quantum Hall states is constructed and captures universal geometric properties and generates non-universal corrections systematically. We give another holographic example with dyonic black brane background to calculate thermodynamic and transport properties of strongly coupled non-relativistic fluids in magnetic field. Our formalism has a good projection...

Wu, Chaolun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Rapidly rotating neutron stars in $R$-squared gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$f(R)$ theories of gravity are one of the most popular alternative explanations for dark energy and therefore studying the possible astrophysical implications of these theories is an important task. In the present paper we make a substantial advance in this direction by considering rapidly rotating neutron stars in $R^2$ gravity. The results are obtained numerically and the method we use is non-perturbative and self-consistent. The neutron star properties, such as mass, radius and moment of inertia, are studied in detail and the results show that rotation magnifies the deviations from general relativity and the maximum mass and moment of inertia can reach very high values. This observation is similar to previous studies of rapidly rotating neutron stars in other alternative theories of gravity, such as the scalar-tensor theories, and it can potentially lead to strong astrophysical manifestations.

Yazadjiev, Stoytcho S; Kokkotas, Kostas D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Lessons from $f(R,R_c^2,R_m^2,\\mathscr{L}_m)$ gravity: smooth Gauss-Bonnet limit, energy-momentum conservation and nonminimal coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies a generic fourth-order theory of gravity with Lagrangian density $f(R,R_c^2,R_m^2, \\mathscr{L}_m)$. By considering explicit $R^2$ dependence and imposing the "coherence condition" $f_{R^2}\\!=\\!f_{R_m^2}\\!=\\! -f_{R_c^2}/4$, the field equations of $f(R,R^2,R_c^2,R_m^2, \\mathscr{L}_m)$ gravity can be smoothly reduced to that of $f(R,\\mathcal{G},\\mathscr{L}_m)$ generalized Gauss-Bonnet gravity. We use Noether's conservation law to study the $f(\\mathcal{R}_1,\\mathcal{R}_2\\ldots,\\mathcal{R}_n,\\mathscr{L}_m)$ model with nonminimal coupling between $\\mathscr{L}_m$ and Riemannian invariants $ \\mathcal{R}_i$, and conjecture that the gradient of nonminimal gravitational coupling strength $\

Tian, David Wenjie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Energy Blog | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2012 3, 2012 The Energy Department's main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments' resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets. Feedback Wanted: Help the Energy Department Go Mobile, Open Data! What is the Energy Department doing in mobile, APIs, and responsive design? August 13, 2012 By developing a better understanding of the microbes that affect the growth of other plants (crops like corn or wheat) researchers may be able to improve their growth -- or provide better care for them in times of drought. Rooted in Wonder: Joint Genome Institute Study Reveals Amazing World Underfoot Scientists study roots of common weeds, also known as the "lab rat" of the

494

Overview of Recent Developments on Generic Security Services Applica... http://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse571-07/ftp/gss-api/ 1 of 9 12/19/2007 5:12 PM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.cse.wustl.edu/~jain/cse571-07/ftp/gss-api/ 1 of 9 12/19/2007 5:12 PM Overview of Recent Developments on Generic Security Security Service Application Programming Interface (GSS-API). After ten years of experience with GSS-API, the Kitten (GSS-API Next Generation) Working Group was formed to continue this development. This paper looks

Jain, Raj

495

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject Board for Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdfcrowd.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Subject.comopen in browser PRO version Are you a developer? Try out the HTML to PDF API Aspects of Field Theory S. Trivedi

Udgaonkar, Jayant B.

496

Chimeras of Bet v 1 and Api g 1 reveal heterogeneous IgE responses in patients with birch pollen allergy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background Characterization of IgE-binding epitopes of allergens and determination of their patient-specific relevance is crucial for the diagnosis and treatment of allergy. Objective We sought to assess the contribution of specific surface areas of the major birch pollen allergen Bet v 1.0101 to binding IgE of individual patients. Methods Four distinct areas of Bet v 1 representing in total 81% of its surface were grafted onto the scaffold of its homolog, Api g 1.0101, to yield the chimeras Api-Bet-1 to Api-Bet-4. The chimeras were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. IgE binding of 64 sera from Bet v 1–sensitized subjects with birch pollen allergy was determined by using direct ELISA. Specificity was assessed by means of inhibition ELISA. Results rApi g 1.0101, Api-Bet-1, Api-Bet-2, Api-Bet-3, and Api-Bet-4 bound IgE from 44%, 89%, 80%, 78%, and 48% of the patients, respectively. By comparing the amount of IgE binding to the chimeras and to rApi g 1.0101, 81%, 70%, 75%, and 45% of the patients showed significantly enhanced IgE binding to Api-Bet-1, Api-Bet-2, Api-Bet-3, and Api-Bet-4, respectively. The minority (8%) of the sera revealed enhanced IgE binding exclusively to a single chimera, whereas 31% showed increased IgE binding to all 4 chimeras compared with rApi g 1.0101. The chimeras inhibited up to 70% of IgE binding to rBet v 1.0101, confirming the specific IgE recognition of the grafted regions. Conclusion The Bet v 1–specific IgE response is polyclonal, and epitopes are spread across the entire Bet v 1 surface. Furthermore, the IgE recognition profile of Bet v 1 is highly patient specific.

Barbara Gepp; Nina Lengger; Merima Bublin; Wolfgang Hemmer; Heimo Breiteneder; Christian Radauer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Abstract B240: Combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with EGFR and Akt, leading to impaired DNA-PK-mediated DNA repair and increased autophagy.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CA Abstract B240: Combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...to gefitinib (an EGFR inhibitor) with API-2 (a selective Akt inhibitor) by increasing...investigated whether combined gefitinib and API-2 induced interaction of DNA-PK with...

Khong Bee Kang; Congju Zhu; Yin Ling Wong; Sook Kwin Yong; Meng Cheong Wong

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

HDF5-FastQuery: An API for Simplifying Access to Data Storage,Retrieval, Indexing and Querying  

SciTech Connect

This work focuses on research and development activities that bridge a gap between fundamental data management technology index, query, storage and retrieval and use of such technology in computational and computer science algorithms and applications. The work has resulted in a streamlined applications programming interface (API) that simplifies data storage and retrieval using the HDF5 data I/O library, and eases use of the FastBit compressed bitmap indexing software for data indexing/querying. The API, which we call HDF5-FastQuery, will have broad applications in domain sciences as well as associated data analysis and visualization applications.

Bethel, E. Wes; Gosink, Luke; Shalf, John; Stockinger, Kurt; Wu,Kesheng

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

499

Kerr geometry in f(T) gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Null tetrads are shown to be a valuable tool in teleparallel theories of modified gravity. We use them to prove that Kerr geometry remains a solution for a wide family of f(T) theories of gravity.

Cecilia Bejarano; Rafael Ferraro; María José Guzmán

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Acoustic Energy: An Innovative Technology for Stimulating Oil Wells  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this investigation was to demonstrate the effectiveness of sonication in reducing the viscosity of heavy crude oils. Sonication is the use of acoustic or sound energy to produce physical and/or chemical changes in materials, usually fluids. The goal of the first project phase was to demonstrate a proof of concept for the project objective. Batch tests of three commercially available, single-weight oils (30-, 90-, and 120-wt) were performed in the laboratory. Several observations and conclusions were made from this series of experiments. These include the following: (1) In general, the lower the acoustic frequency, the greater the efficiency in reducing the viscosity of the oils; (2) Sonication treatment of the three oils resulted in reductions in viscosity that ranged from a low of 31% to a high of 75%; and (3) The results of the first phase of the project successfully demonstrated that sonication could reduce the viscosity of oils of differing viscosity. The goal of the second project phase was to demonstrate the ability of sonication to reduce the viscosity of three crude oils ranging from a light crude to a heavy crude. The experiments also were designed to examine the benefits of two proprietary chemical additives used in conjunction with sonication. Acoustic frequencies ranging from 800 Hz to 1.6 kHz were used in these tests, and a reactor chamber was designed for flow-through operation with a capacity of one gallon (3.8 liters). The three crude oils selected for use in the testing program were: (1) a heavy crude from California with a viscosity of approximately 65,000 cP (API gravity about 12{sup o}), (2) a crude from Alabama with a significant water content and a viscosity of approximately 6,000 cP (API gravity about 22 {sup o}), and (3) a light crude from the Middle East with a viscosity of approximately 700 cP (API gravity about 32{sup o}). The principal conclusions derived from the second project phase include the following: (1) The application of acoustic energy (sonication) significantly reduced the viscosity of crude oils, and the amount of viscosity reduction resulting is greater for more viscous, heavy crude oils than it is for less viscous, light crude oils. (2) Test results showed that after being heated, resulting viscosity reductions were not sustained following treatment to the extent that post-sonication reductions were sustained. (3) The maximum viscosity reductions in Oils 1, 2, and 3 due to sonication were 43%, 76%, and 6%, respectively. Samples of Oil 2 associated with larger viscosity reductions often exhibited a definite water separation layer follow the tests, whereas reductions of approximately 23% were measured when this separation was not observed. (4) It was observed that neither horn design nor the reduction of input power by 25% had very little effect on the ability of sonication to alter crude oil viscosity. (5) The chemical additives produced a range of viscosity reduction from 37% to a maximum of 94% with the largest reductions being facilitated by the abundant water present Oil 2. If the Oil 2 results are not considered, the maximum reduction was 73%. The effects of the additives and sonication are enhanced by each other. (6) In only one test did the viscosity return to as much as 50% of the pre-treatment value during a period of 30 days following treatment; recovery was much less in all other cases. Therefore, more than half of the viscosity reduction was maintained for a month without additional treatment. (7) Possible applications, market potential, and economic value of the implementation of a mature sonication technology within the petroleum industry were identified, and it was estimated that the potential exists that more than a billion barrels of oil could be upgraded or produced annually as a result. The project results successfully demonstrated that sonication alone and in combination with chemical additives can effectively reduce the viscosity of crude oils having a broad range of viscosity/API gravity values. Several recommendations are made for follow-on

Edgar, Dorland E.; Peters, Robert W.; Johnson, Donald O.; Paulsen, P. David; Roberts, Wayne

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z