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1

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar insar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. A further study demonstrated that the phase component of INSAR is only weakly affected by the real aperture... radar (RAR) modulation 12. On the other hand, under ......

2

Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) for Fine-resolution Basal Ice Sheet Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-pass mode geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R2 + R2 TX1/RX1 TX2/RX2 a = 2(R1 - R2)/(R1 - R2) = 2 RTOT1 - RTOT2= 2(R1 - R2) Figure 2.2: Single-pass InSAR geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R1 + R2 TX1/RX1 RX2 a = (R1 - R2)/(R1... receiver. Page 22 of 104 Figure 2.4: Ping-pong mode geometry R 1 R 2 Target RTOT1 = R1 + R1 RTOT2 = R2 + R2 TX1/RX1 TX2/RX2 a = 2(R1 - R2)/(R1 - R2) = 2 RTOT1 - RTOT2= 2(R1 - R2) 2.3 InSAR ?R Relationship Next looking only at the geometry involving B...

Blake, William Arthur

2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

3

Imaging synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A linear-FM SAR imaging radar method and apparatus to produce a real-time image by first arranging the returned signals into a plurality of subaperture arrays, the columns of each subaperture array having samples of dechirped baseband pulses, and further including a processing of each subaperture array to obtain coarse-resolution in azimuth, then fine-resolution in range, and lastly, to combine the processed subapertures to obtain the final fine-resolution in azimuth. Greater efficiency is achieved because both the transmitted signal and a local oscillator signal mixed with the returned signal can be varied on a pulse-to-pulse basis as a function of radar motion. Moreover, a novel circuit can adjust the sampling location and the A/D sample rate of the combined dechirped baseband signal which greatly reduces processing time and hardware. The processing steps include implementing a window function, stabilizing either a central reference point and/or all other points of a subaperture with respect to doppler frequency and/or range as a function of radar motion, sorting and compressing the signals using a standard fourier transforms. The stabilization of each processing part is accomplished with vector multiplication using waveforms generated as a function of radar motion wherein these waveforms may be synthesized in integrated circuits. Stabilization of range migration as a function of doppler frequency by simple vector multiplication is a particularly useful feature of the invention; as is stabilization of azimuth migration by correcting for spatially varying phase errors prior to the application of an autofocus process.

Burns, Bryan L. (Tijeras, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Iterative synthetic aperture radar imaging algorithms   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthetic aperture radar is an important tool in a wide range of civilian and military imaging applications. This is primarily due to its ability to image in all weather conditions, during both the day and the night, ...

Kelly, Shaun Innes

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

5

Performance limits for Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) system depends on a variety of factors, many which are interdependent in some manner. It is often difficult to ''get your arms around'' the problem of ascertaining achievable performance limits, and yet those limits exist and are dictated by physics, no matter how bright the engineer tasked to generate a system design. This report identifies and explores those limits, and how they depend on hardware system parameters and environmental conditions. Ultimately, this leads to a characterization of parameters that offer optimum performance for the overall SAR system. For example, there are definite optimum frequency bands that depend on weather conditions and range, and minimum radar PRF for a fixed real antenna aperture dimension is independent of frequency. While the information herein is not new to the literature, its collection into a single report hopes to offer some value in reducing the ''seek time''.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Synthetic aperture radar processing with tiered subapertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is used to form images that are maps of radar reflectivity of some scene of interest, from range soundings taken over some spatial aperture. Additionally, the range soundings are typically synthesized from a sampled frequency aperture. Efficient processing of the collected data necessitates using efficient digital signal processing techniques such as vector multiplies and fast implementations of the Discrete Fourier Transform. Inherent in image formation algorithms that use these is a trade-off between the size of the scene that can be acceptably imaged, and the resolution with which the image can be made. These limits arise from migration errors and spatially variant phase errors, and different algorithms mitigate these to varying degrees. Two fairly successful algorithms for airborne SARs are Polar Format processing, and Overlapped Subaperture (OSA) processing. This report introduces and summarizes the analysis of generalized Tiered Subaperture (TSA) techniques that are a superset of both Polar Format processing and OSA processing. It is shown how tiers of subapertures in both azimuth and range can effectively mitigate both migration errors and spatially variant phase errors to allow virtually arbitrary scene sizes, even in a dynamic motion environment.

Doerry, A.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Synthetic Aperture Radar Dept.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Motion Measurement for Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) measures radar soundings from a set of locations typically along the flight path of a radar platform vehicle. Optimal focusing requires precise knowledge of the sounding source locations in 3 - D space with respect to the target scene. Even data driven focusing techniques (i.e. autofocus) requires some degree of initial fidelity in the measurements of the motion of the radar. These requirements may be quite stringent especially for fine resolution, long ranges, and low velocities. The principal instrument for measuring motion is typically an Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU), but these instruments have inherent limi ted precision and accuracy. The question is %22How good does an IMU need to be for a SAR across its performance space?%22 This report analytically relates IMU specifications to parametric requirements for SAR. - 4 - Acknowledgements Th e preparation of this report is the result of a n unfunded research and development activity . Although this report is an independent effort, it draws heavily from limited - release documentation generated under a CRADA with General Atomics - Aeronautical System, Inc. (GA - ASI), and under the Joint DoD/DOE Munitions Program Memorandum of Understanding. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of En ergy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL85000.

Doerry, Armin W.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry with 3 satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Our study investigates interferometric SAR (InSAR) post-processing height retrieval techniques. We explore the possible improvements by adding a third satellite to the two already in orbit, and examine some potential uses ...

Wong, Wallace D. (Wallace Dazheng)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging with Motion Estimation and Liliana Borcea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Callaghan George Papanicolaou Abstract We introduce from first principles a synthetic aperture radar (SAR calibrated small apertures, (b) preliminary motion estimation from the data using the Wigner transform-band persistent surveillance SAR is a specific application that is covered by our analysis. Detailed numerical

Papanicolaou, George C.

10

Soil-penetrating synthetic aperture radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results for the first year of a two year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) effort. This effort included a system study, preliminary data acquisition, and preliminary algorithm development. The system study determined the optimum frequency and bandwidth, surveyed soil parameters and targets, and defined radar cross section in lossy media. The data acquisition imaged buried objects with a rail-SAR. Algorithm development included a radar echo model, three-dimensional processing, sidelobe optimization, phase history data interpolation, and clutter estimation/cancellation.

Boverie, B.; Brock, B.C.; Doerry, A.W.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar intensity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

radar must have a large power-aperture product. Second, in order to obtain accurate wind velocities... arrays. The early radars could be pointed in only a few, Fig. 1. RHI...

12

Focused synthetic aperture radar processing of ice-sounder data collected over the Greenland ice sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We developed a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) processing algorithm for airborne/spaceborne ice-sounding radar systems and applied it to data collected in Greenland. By using focused SAR (phase-corrected coherent averaging), we improved along...

Legarsky, J.; Gogineni, Sivaprasad; Akins, T. L.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar image Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flight trajecto- In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging a scene... -y(s). The projection data and reconstructed ... Source: Yazici, Birsen - Department of Electrical,...

14

Synthetic aperture radar and interferometry development at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental monitoring, earth-resource mapping, and military systems require broad-area imaging at high resolutions. Many times the imagery must be acquired in inclement weather or during night as well as day. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) provides such a capability. SAR systems take advantage of the long-range propagation characteristics of radar signals and the complex information processing capability of modern digital electronics to provide high resolution imagery. SAR complements photographic and other optical imaging capabilities because of the minimum constrains on time-of-day and atmospheric conditions and because of the unique responses of terrain and cultural targets to radar frequencies. Interferometry is a method for generating a three-dimensional image of terrain. The height projection is obtained by acquiring two SAR images from two slightly differing locations. It is different from the common method of stereoscopic imaging for topography. The latter relies on differing geometric projections for triangulation to define the surface geometry whereas interferometry relies on differences in radar propagation times between the two SAR locations. This paper presents the capabilities of SAR, explains how SAR works, describes a few SAR applications, provides an overview of SAR development at Sandia, and briefly describes the motion compensation subsystem.

NONE

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A comparison of spotlight synthetic aperture radar image formation techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spotlight synthetic aperture radar images can be formed from the complex phase history data using two main techniques: (1) polar-to-cartesian interpolation followed by two-dimensional inverse Fourier transform (2DFFT), and (2) convolution backprojection (CBP). CBP has been widely used to reconstruct medical images in computer aided tomography, and only recently has been applied to form synthetic aperture radar imagery. It is alleged that CBP yields higher quality images because (1) all the Fourier data are used and (2) the polar formatted data is used directly to form a 2D Cartesian image and therefore 2D interpolation is not required. This report compares the quality of images formed by CBP and several modified versions of the 2DFFT method. We show from an image quality point of view that CBP is equivalent to first windowing the phase history data and then interpolating to an exscribed rectangle. From a mathematical perspective, we should expect this conclusion since the same Fourier data are used to form the SAR image. We next address the issue of parallel implementation of each algorithm. We dispute previous claims that CBP is more readily parallelizable than the 2DFFT method. Our conclusions are supported by comparing execution times between massively parallel implementations of both algorithms, showing that both experience similar decreases in computation time, but that CBP takes significantly longer to form an image.

Knittle, C.D.; Doren, N.E.; Jakowatz, C.V.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatially Interpolated Nonlinear Anodization in Synthetic Aperture Original formulation of spatially variant anodization for complex synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery oversampled at twice the Nyquist rate (2.OX). Here we report a spatially interpolating, noninteger-oversampled SVA sidelobe. The pixel's apparent IPR location is assessed by comparing its value to the sum of its value plus weighted comparable for exact interpolation. However, exact interpolation implies an ideal sine interpolator3 and large components may not be necessary. Note that P is the summation of IPR diagonal values. The value of a sine IPR on the diagonals is a sine-squared; values much less than cardinal direction (m, n) values. This implies that cardinal direction interpolation requires higher precision than diagonal interpolation. Consequently, we employed a smaller set. The spatially interpolated SVA used an 8-point/4-point sine interpolator described above. Table 1 shows the Table 1 results show a two-times speed-up using the 1.3x oversampled and spatially interpolated SVA over the Figure 1d. Detected results of 1.3x oversampled sine interpolated spatially variant

Eichel, Paul H.; Jakowatz, Jr., Charles V.; Yocky, David A.

1999-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar 3d Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3d Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aperture radar 3d Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 CHAPTER 9CHAPTER 9CHAPTER 9:CHAPTER 9: Active and...

18

Lynx: A High-Resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lynx is a high resolution, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that has been designed and built by Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with General Atomics (GA). Although Lynx may be operated on a wide variety of manned and unmanned platforms, it is primarily intended to be fielded on unmanned aerial vehicles. In particular, it may be operated on the Predator, I-GNAT, or Prowler II platforms manufactured by GA Aeronautical Systems, Inc. The Lynx production weight is less than 120 lb. and has a slant range of 30 km (in 4 mm/hr rain). It has operator selectable resolution and is capable of 0.1 m resolution in spotlight mode and 0.3 m resolution in stripmap mode. In ground moving target indicator mode, the minimum detectable velocity is 6 knots with a minimum target cross-section of 10 dBsm. In coherent change detection mode, Lynx makes registered, complex image comparisons either of 0.1 m resolution (minimum) spotlight images or of 0.3 m resolution (minimum) strip images. The Lynx user interface features a view manager that allows it to pan and zoom like a video camera. Lynx was developed under corporate finding from GA and will be manufactured by GA for both military and commercial applications. The Lynx system architecture will be presented and some of its unique features will be described. Imagery at the finest resolutions in both spotlight and strip modes have been obtained and will also be presented.

Doerry, A.W.; Hensley, W.H.; Pace, F.; Stence, J.; Tsunoda, S.I.; Walker, B.C.; Woodring, M.

1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

19

Detecting and monitoring UCG subsidence with InSAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to measure surface subsidence caused by Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is tested. InSAR is a remote sensing technique that uses Synthetic Aperture Radar images to make spatial images of surface deformation and may be deployed from satellite or an airplane. With current commercial satellite data, the technique works best in areas with little vegetation or farming activity. UCG subsidence is generally caused by roof collapse, which adversely affects UCG operations due to gas loss and is therefore important to monitor. Previous studies have demonstrated the usefulness of InSAR in measuring surface subsidence related to coal mining and surface deformation caused by a coal mining roof collapse in Crandall Canyon, Utah is imaged as a proof-of-concept. InSAR data is collected and processed over three known UCG operations including two pilot plants (Majuba, South Africa and Wulanchabu, China) and an operational plant (Angren, Uzbekistan). A clear f eature showing approximately 7 cm of subsidence is observed in the UCG field in Angren. Subsidence is not observed in the other two areas, which produce from deeper coal seams and processed a smaller volume. The results show that in some cases, InSAR is a useful tool to image UCG related subsidence. Data from newer satellites and improved algorithms will improve effectiveness.

Mellors, R J; Foxall, W; Yang, X

2012-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

20

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging with Motion Estimation and , T. Callaghan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principles a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging and target motion estimation method that is combined of the data into properly calibrated small apertures, (b) motion or platform trajectory perturbation estimation process. X-band persistent surveillance SAR is a specific application that is covered by our

Borcea, Liliana

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey Anatolian Fault (NAF) in Turkey using interferometric synthetic aperture radar data from the Advanced Land Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations and implications for rate-and-state friction properties, J

Sandwell, David T.

22

IFP V4.0:a polar-reformatting image formation processor for synthetic aperture radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IFP V4.0 is the fourth generation of an extraordinarily powerful and flexible image formation processor for spotlight mode synthetic aperture radar. It has been successfully utilized in processing phase histories from numerous radars and has been instrumental in the development of many new capabilities for spotlight mode SAR. This document provides a brief history of the development of IFP, a full exposition of the signal processing steps involved, and a short user's manual for the software implementing this latest iteration.

Eichel, Paul H.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Basics of Polar-Format algorithm for processing Synthetic Aperture Radar images.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a background to Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image formation using the Polar Format (PFA) processing algorithm. This is meant to be an aid to those tasked to implement real-time image formation using the Polar Format processing algorithm.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

A model for forming airborne synthetic aperture radar images of underground targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) from an airborne platform has been proposed for imaging targets beneath the earth`s surface. The propagation of the radar`s energy within the ground, however, is much different than in the earth`s atmosphere. The result is signal refraction, echo delay, propagation losses, dispersion, and volumetric scattering. These all combine to make SAR image formation from an airborne platform much more challenging than a surface imaging counterpart. This report treats the ground as a lossy dispersive half-space, and presents a model for the radar echo based on measurable parameters. The model is then used to explore various imaging schemes, and image properties. Dynamic range is discussed, as is the impact of loss on dynamic range. Modified window functions are proposed to mitigate effects of sidelobes of shallow targets overwhelming deeper targets.

Doerry, A.W.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Correction of motion measurement errors beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Motion measurement errors that extend beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can be corrected by effectively decreasing the range resolution of the SAR in order to permit measurement of the error. Range profiles can be compared across the slow-time dimension of the input data in order to estimate the error. Once the error has been determined, appropriate frequency and phase correction can be applied to the uncompressed input data, after which range and azimuth compression can be performed to produce a desired SAR image.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Heard, Freddie E. (Albuquerque, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

26

Imaging targets embedded in a lossy half space with Synthetic Aperture Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper addresses theoretical aspects of forming images from an airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) of targets buried below the earth`s surface. Soil is generally a lossy, dispersive medium, with wide ranging variability in these attributes depending on soil type, moisture content, and a host of other physical properties. Focussing a SAR subsurface image presents new dimensions of complexity relative to its surface-image counterpart, even when the soil`s properties are known. This paper treats the soil as a lossy, dispersive half space, and presents a practical model for the radar echo-delay time to point scatterers within it. This model is then used to illustrate effects of refraction, dispersion, and attenuation on a SAR`s phase histories, and the resulting image. Various data collection geometries and processing strategies are examined for both 2-Dimensional and 3-Dimensional SAR images. The conclusions from this work are that (1) focussing a SAR image must generally take into account both refraction and dispersion, (2) resolving targets at different depths in lossy soils requires perhaps unprecedented sidelobe attenuation, that for some soils may only be achievable with specialized window functions, (3) the impulse response of the soil itself places a practical limit on the usable bandwidth of the radar, and (4) dynamic ranges and sensitivities will need to be orders of magnitude greater than typical surface-imaging SARs, leading to significant impact on SAR parameters, for example compressing the usable range of pulse repetition frequencies (PRFs).

Doerry, A.W.; Brock, B.C.; Boverie, B.; Cress, D.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Abstract--In the design of a spaceborne Synthetic Aperture RADAR mission with multiple modes and swaths, like the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the modes. Index Terms-- Synthetic Aperture Radar, STRIPMAP, TOPSAR. Conference topic: SAR/ISAR I Sophia-Antipolis cedex, France. mail: lorenzo.maggi@eurecom.fr calibration and the processing. In order of a spaceborne SAR. Let us refer to the geometry of Fig. 1.a, where we assumed for simplicity flat earth

Gesbert, David

28

Discontinuous Non-Rigid Motion Analysis of Sea Ice using C-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite Imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Discontinuous Non-Rigid Motion Analysis of Sea Ice using C-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite@cis.udel.edu Cathleen Geiger Snow and Ice Branch USACRREL 72 Lyme Rd, Hanover, NH 03755 cathleen@cis.udel.edu Abstract Sea-ice motion consists of complex non-rigid motions in- volving continuous, piece-wise continuous

Delaware, University of

29

Multi-baseline interferometric synthetic aperture radar applications and error analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we deal primarily with the multi-baseline SAR configuration utilizing three satellites. Two applications of InSAR, multi-baseline height retrieval and multi-baseline compensation of CCD's slope biasing ...

Chua, Song Liang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

A High Resolution, Light-Weight, Synthetic Aperture Radar for UAV Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

(U) Sandia National Laboratories in collaboration with General Atomics (GA) has designed and built a high resolution, light-weight, Ku-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) known as "Lynx". Although Lynx can be operated on a wide variety of manned and unmanned platforms, its design is optimized for use on medium altitude Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVS). In particular, it can be operated on the Predator, I-GNAT, and Prowler II platforms manufactured by GA. (U) The radar production weight is less than 120 lb and operates within a 3 GHz band from 15.2 GHz to 18.2 GHz with a peak output power of 320 W. Operating range is resolution and mode dependent but can exceed 45 km in adverse weather (4 mm/hr rain). Lynx has operator selectable resolution and is capable of 0.1 m resolution in spotlight mode and 0.3 m resolution in stripmap mode, over substantial depression angles (5 to 60 deg) and squint angles (broadside ±45 deg). Real-time Motion Compensation is implemented to allow high-quality image formation even during vehicle turns and other maneuvers.

Doerry, A.W.; Hensley, W.H.; Stence, J.; Tsunoda, S.I. Pace, F.; Walker, B,C.; Woodring, M.

1999-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

31

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar capabilities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SURVEILLANCE NEEDS Summary: -area and long- range aircraft surveillance and weather measurement capability is described and a radar network... to acquire replacement radars. The...

32

On the detection of crevasses in glacial ice with synthetic-aperture radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The intent of this study is to provide an analysis of the scattering from a crevasse in Antarctic ice, utilizing a physics-based model for the scattering process. Of primary interest is a crevasse covered with a snow bridge, which makes the crevasse undetectable in visible-light images. It is demonstrated that a crevasse covered with a snow bridge can be visible in synthetic-aperture-radar (SAR) images. The model of the crevasse and snow bridge incorporates a complex dielectric permittivity model for dry snow and ice that takes into account the density profile of the glacier. The surface structure is based on a fractal model that can produce sastrugi-like features found on the surface of Antarctic glaciers. Simulated phase histories, computed with the Shooting and Bouncing Ray (SBR) method, are processed into SAR images. The viability of the SBR method for predicting scattering from a crevasse covered with a snow bridge is demonstrated. Some suggestions for improving the model are given.

Brock, Billy C.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Method and apparatus for reducing range ambiguity in synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A modified Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) system with reduced sensitivity to range ambiguities, and which uses secondary receiver channels to detect the range ambiguous signals and subtract them from the signal received by the main channel. Both desired and range ambiguous signals are detected by a main receiver and by one or more identical secondary receivers. All receivers are connected to a common antenna with two or more feed systems offset in elevation (e.g., a reflector antenna with multiple feed horns or a phased array with multiple phase shift networks. The secondary receiver output(s) is (are) then subtracted from the main receiver output in such a way as to cancel the ambiguous signals while only slightly attenuating the desired signal and slightly increasing the noise in the main channel, and thus does not significantly affect the desired signal. This subtraction may be done in real time, or the outputs of the receivers may be recorded separately and combined during signal processing.

Kare, Jordin T. (San Ramon, CA)

1999-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

34

INVESTIGATION OF CRUSTAL MOTION IN THE TIEN SHAN USING INSAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The northern Tien Shan of Central Asia is an area of active mid-continent deformation. Although far from a plate boundary, this region has experienced 5 earthquakes larger than magnitude 7 in the past century and includes one event that may as be as large as Mw 8.0. Previous studies based on GPS measurements indicate on the order of 23 mm/yr of shortening across the entire Tien Shan and up to 15 mm/year in the northern Tien Shan (Figure 1). The seismic moment release rate appears comparable with the geodetic measured slip, at least to first order, suggesting that geodetic rates can be considered a proxy for accumulation rates of stress for seismic hazard estimation. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar may provide a means to make detailed spatial measurements and hence in identifying block boundaries and assisting in seismic hazard. Therefore, we hoped to define block boundaries by direct measurement and by identifying and resolving earthquake slip. Due to political instability in Kyrgzystan, the existing seismic network has not performed as well as required to precisely determine earthquake hypocenters in remote areas and hence InSAR is highly useful. In this paper we present the result of three earthquake studies and show that InSAR is useful for refining locations of teleseismically located earthquakes. ALOS PALSAR data is used to investigate crustal motion in the Tien Shan mountains of Central Asia. As part of the work, considerable software development was undertaken to process PALSAR data. This software has been made freely available. Two damaging earthquakes have been imaged in the Tien Shan and the locations provided by ALOS InSAR have helped to refine seismological velocity models. A third earthquake south of Kyrgyzstan was also imaged. The use of InSAR data and especially L band is therefore very useful in providing groundtruth for earthquake locations.

Mellors, R J

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar interferometry Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

path difference between apertures. Expressions are given for the measured Source: Fienup, James R. - Institute of Optics & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,...

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar processing Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

imaging). We... improved resolution from microwave synthetic-aperture ... Source: Fienup, James R. - Institute of Optics & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,...

37

Three-dimensional subsurface imaging synthetic aperture radar (3D SISAR). Final report, September 22, 1993--September 22, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept developed under this applied research and development contract is a novel Ground Penetrating Radar system capable of remotely detecting, analyzing, and mapping buried waste containers from a mobile platform. From the testing and analysis performed to date, the 3-D SISAR has achieved the detection, accurate location, and three-dimensional imaging of buried test objects from a stand-off geometry. Tests have demonstrated that underground objects have been located to within 0.1 meter of their actual position. This work validates that the key elements of the approach are performing as anticipated. The stand-off synthetic aperture radar (SAR) methodology has been demonstrated to be a feasible approach as a remote sensing technique. The radar sensor constructed under this project is providing adequate quality data for imaging, and the matched filters have been demonstrated to provide enhanced target detection. Additional work is on-going in the area of underground propagation and scattering phenomena to provide enhanced depth performance, as the current imaging results have been limited to a few feet of depth underground.

NONE

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

38

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture radar sar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clusters Jim Stiles, Nathan Goodman, and SiChung Lin Summary: of the overall SAR image. BACKGROUND A radar illuminating an area A of the Earth's surface will receive a complex......

39

Shallow intraplate earthquakes in Western Australia observed by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shallow intraplate earthquakes in Western Australia observed by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture earthquakes in a stable continental region of southwest Western Australia. Both small-magnitude events occur with tectonic processes in this area of Western Australia often initiate in the upper 1 km of crust. Citation

Tregoning, Paul

40

Design and implementation of a Synthetic Aperture Radar for Open Skies (SAROS) aboard a C-135 aircraft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NATO and former Warsaw Pact nations have agreed to allow overflights of their countries in the interest of easing world tension. The United States has decided to implement two C-135 aircraft with a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) that has a 3-meter resolution. This work is being sponsored by the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) and will be operational in Fall 1995. Since the SAR equipment must be exportable to foreign nations, a 20-year-old UPD-8 analog SAR system was selected as the front-end and refurbished for this application by Loral Defense Systems. Data processing is being upgraded to a currently exportable digital design by Sandia National Laboratories. Amplitude and phase histories will be collected during these overflights and digitized on VHS cassettes. Ground stations will use reduction algorithms to process the data and convert it to magnitude-detected images for member nations. System Planning Corporation is presently developing a portable ground station for use on the demonstration flights. Aircraft integration into the C-135 aircraft is being done by the Air Force at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.

Cooper, D.W.; Murphy, M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Rimmel, G. [Loral Defense Systems, Litchfield, AZ (United States)

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Comparing range data across the slow-time dimension to correct motion measurement errors beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Motion measurement errors that extend beyond the range resolution of a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) can be corrected by effectively decreasing the range resolution of the SAR in order to permit measurement of the error. Range profiles can be compared across the slow-time dimension of the input data in order to estimate the error. Once the error has been determined, appropriate frequency and phase correction can be applied to the uncompressed input data, after which range and azimuth compression can be performed to produce a desired SAR image.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Heard, Freddie E. (Albuquerque, NM); Cordaro, J. Thomas (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

42

Final Report (O1-ERD-051) Dynamic InSAR: Imaging Seismic Waves Remotely from Space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this LDRD project was to determine the feasibility of using InSAR (interferometric synthetic aperture radar) to image seismic waves remotely from space. If shown to be feasible, the long-term goal of this project would be to influence future SAR satellite missions and airborne SAR platforms to include a this new capability. This final report summarizes the accomplishments of the originally-planned 2-year project that was cut short to 1 year plus 2 months due to a funding priority change that occurred in the aftermath of the September 11th tragedy. The LDRD-ER project ''Dynamic InSAR: Imaging Seismic Waves from Space'' (01-ERD-051) began in October, (FY01) and ended in December (FY02). Consequently, most of the results and conclusions for this project are represented in the FY0l Annual Report. Nonetheless, additional conclusions and insights regarding the progress of this work are included in this report. In should be noted that this work was restarted and received additional funding under the NA-22 DOE Nonproliferation Program in FY03.

Vincent, P; Rodgers, A; Dodge, D; Zucca, J; Schultz, C; Walter, B; Portnoff, M

2003-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

43

Identification of mine collapses, explosions and earthquakes using INSAR: a preliminary investigation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interferograms constmcted from satellite-borne synthetic aperture radar images have the capability of mapping sub-cm ground surface deformation over areas on the order of 100 x 100 km with a spatial resolution on the order of 10 meters. We investigate the utility of synthetic aperture radar interferomehy (InSAR) used in conjunction with regional seismic methods in detecting and discriminating different types of seismic events in the context of special event analysis for the CTBT. For this initial study, we carried out elastic dislocation modeling of underground explosions, mine collapses and small (M<5.5) shallow earthquakes to produce synthetic interferograms and then analyzed satellite radar data for a large mine collapse. The synthetic modeling shows that, for a given magnitude each type of event produces a distinctive pattern of ground deformation that can be recognized in, and recovered from, the corresponding interferogram. These diagnostic characteristics include not only differences in the polarities of surface displacements but also differences in displacement amplitudes from the different sources. The technique is especially sensitive to source depth, a parameter that is crucial in discriminating earthquakes from the other event types but is often very poorly constrained by regional seismic data alone. The ERS radar data analyzed is from a ML 5.2 seismic event that occurred in southwestern Wyoming on February 3,1995. Although seismic data from the event have some characteristics of an underground explosion, based on seismological and geodetic data it has been identified as being caused by a large underground collapse in the Solvay Mine. Several pairs of before-collapse and after-collapse radar images were phase processed to obtain interferograms. The minimum time separation for a before-collapse and after-collapse pair was 548 days. Even with this long time separation, phase coherence between the image pairs was acceptable and a deformation map was successfully obtained. Two images, separated by 1 day and occurring after the mine collapse, were used to form a digital elevation map (DEM) that was used to correct for topography. The interferograms identify the large deformation at the Solvay Mine as well as some areas of lesser deformation near other mines in the area. The large amount of deformation at the Solvay Mine was identified, but (as predicted by our dislocation modeling) could not be quantified absolutely because of the incoherent interference pattern it produced

Foxall, B; Sweeney, J J; Walter, W R

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

Analysis, comparison, and modeling of radar interferometry, date of surface deformation signals associated with underground explosions, mine collapses and earthquakes. Phase I: underground explosions, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have previously presented simple elastic deformation modeling results for three classes of seismic events of concern in monitoring the CTBT--underground explosions, mine collapses and earthquakes. Those results explored the theoretical detectability of each event type using synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) based on commercially available satellite data. In those studies we identified and compared the characteristics of synthetic interferograms that distinguish each event type, as well the ability of the interferograms to constrain source parameters. These idealized modeling results, together with preliminary analysis of InSAR data for the 1995 mb 5.2 Solvay mine collapse in southwestern Wyoming, suggested that InSAR data used in conjunction with regional seismic monitoring holds great potential for CTBT discrimination and seismic source analysis, as well as providing accurate ground truth parameters for regional calibration events. In this paper we further examine the detectability and ''discriminating'' power of InSAR by presenting results from InSAR data processing, analysis and modeling of the surface deformation signals associated with underground explosions. Specifically, we present results of a detailed study of coseismic and postseismic surface deformation signals associated with underground nuclear and chemical explosion tests at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Several interferograms were formed from raw ERS-1/2 radar data covering different time spans and epochs beginning just prior to the last U.S. nuclear tests in 1992 and ending in 1996. These interferograms have yielded information about the nature and duration of the source processes that produced the surface deformations associated with these events. A critical result of this study is that significant post-event surface deformation associated with underground nuclear explosions detonated at depths in excess of 600 meters can be detected using differential radar interferometry. An immediate implication of this finding is that underground nuclear explosions may not need to be captured coseismically by radar images acquired before and after an event in order to be detectable. This has obvious advantages in CTBT monitoring since suspect seismic events--which usually can be located within a 100 km by 100 km area of an ERS-1/2 satellite frame by established seismic methods-can be imaged after the event has been identified and located by existing regional seismic networks. Key Words: InSAR, SLC images, interferogram, synthetic interferogram, ERS-1/2 frame, phase unwrapping, DEM, coseismic, postseismic, source parameters.

Foxall, W; Vincent, P; Walter, W

1999-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

45

PoroTomo Subtask 3.4 Analysis of existing InSAR data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Attributes of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data acquired by TerraSAR-X and TandemX satellite missions and archived at WINSAR facility.

Kurt Feigl

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

46

PoroTomo Subtask 3.4 Analysis of existing InSAR data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Attributes of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data acquired by TerraSAR-X and TandemX satellite missions and archived at WINSAR facility.

Kurt Feigl

47

Deployable Synthetic Aperture Radar Reflector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) satellite. The structure consists of four cylindrical surfaces formed from thin sheets of carbon-fibre-reinforced-plastic (CFRP) connected by flexible hinges along the edges. The key to forming a cylindrical surface with any. At full scale the reflective surface will be 7.9 m long by 3.2 m wide, and it has been estimated

Pellegrino, Sergio

48

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interseismic deformation and creep along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) in Turkey using interferometric synthetic aperture along the central section of the North Anatolian Fault (Turkey): InSAR observations and implications

Fialko, Yuri

49

Final Report: Detection and Characterization of Underground Facilities by Stochastic Inversion and Modeling of Data from the New Generation of Synthetic Aperture Satellites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many clandestine development and production activities can be conducted underground to evade surveillance. The purpose of the study reported here was to develop a technique to detect underground facilities by broad-area search and then to characterize the facilities by inversion of the collected data. This would enable constraints to be placed on the types of activities that would be feasible at each underground site, providing a basis the design of targeted surveillance and analysis for more complete characterization. Excavation of underground cavities causes deformation in the host material and overburden that produces displacements at the ground surface. Such displacements are often measurable by a variety of surveying or geodetic techniques. One measurement technique, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), uses data from satellite-borne (or airborne) synthetic aperture radars (SARs) and so is ideal for detecting and measuring surface displacements in denied access regions. Depending on the radar frequency and the acquisition mode and the surface conditions, displacement maps derived from SAR interferograms can provide millimeter- to centimeter-level measurement accuracy on regional and local scales at spatial resolution of {approx}1-10 m. Relatively low-resolution ({approx}20 m, say) maps covering large regions can be used for broad-area detection, while finer resolutions ({approx}1 m) can be used to image details of displacement fields over targeted small areas. Surface displacements are generally expected to be largest during or a relatively short time after active excavation, but, depending on the material properties, measurable displacement may continue at a decreasing rate for a considerable time after completion. For a given excavated volume in a given geological setting, the amplitude of the surface displacements decreases as the depth of excavation increases, while the area of the discernable displacement pattern increases. Therefore, the ability to detect evidence for an underground facility using InSAR depends on the displacement sensitivity and spatial resolution of the interferogram, as well as on the size and depth of the facility and the time since its completion. The methodology development described in this report focuses on the exploitation of synthetic aperture radar data that are available commercially from a number of satellite missions. Development of the method involves three components: (1) Evaluation of the capability of InSAR to detect and characterize underground facilities ; (2) inversion of InSAR data to infer the location, depth, shape and volume of a subsurface facility; and (3) evaluation and selection of suitable geomechanical forward models to use in the inversion. We adapted LLNL's general-purpose Bayesian Markov Chain-Monte Carlo procedure, the 'Stochastic Engine' (SE), to carry out inversions to characterize subsurface void geometries. The SE performs forward simulations for a large number of trial source models to identify the set of models that are consistent with the observations and prior constraints. The inverse solution produced by this kind of stochastic method is a posterior probability density function (pdf) over alternative models, which forms an appropriate input to risk-based decision analyses to evaluate subsequent response strategies. One major advantage of a stochastic inversion approach is its ability to deal with complex, non-linear forward models employing empirical, analytical or numerical methods. However, while a geomechanical model must incorporate adequate physics to enable sufficiently accurate prediction of surface displacements, it must also be computationally fast enough to render the large number of forward realizations needed in stochastic inversion feasible. This latter requirement prompted us first to investigate computationally efficient empirical relations and closed-form analytical solutions. However, our evaluation revealed severe limitations in the ability of existing empirical and analytical forms to predict deformations from undergro

Foxall, W; Cunningham, C; Mellors, R; Templeton, D; Dyer, K; White, J

2012-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

50

Modeling Of Surface Deformation From Satellite Radar Interferometry...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

interferometric synthetic aperture radar) analysis of two-year Radarsat satellite data covering the period May 2006 - March 2008. SAR scenes from two orbit geometries are...

51

Monitoring EGS Stimulation and Reservoir Dynamics with InSAR...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Monitoring EGS Stimulation and Reservoir Dynamics with InSAR and MEQ Monitoring EGS Stimulation and Reservoir Dynamics with InSAR and MEQ Monitoring EGS Stimulation and Reservoir...

52

Use of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) to Identify and Characterize Overwintering Areas of Fish in Ice-Covered Arctic RIvers: A Demonstration with Broad Whitefish and their Habitats in the Sagavanirktok River, Alaska  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In northern climates, locating overwintering fish can be very challenging due to thick ice cover. Areas near the coast of the Beaufort Sea provide valuable overwintering habitat for both resident and anadromous fish species; identifying and understanding their use of overwintering areas is of special interest. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery from two spaceborne satellites was examined as an alternative to radiotelemetry for identifying anadromous fish overwintering. The presence of water and ice were sampled at 162 sites and fish were sampled at 16 of these sites. From SAR imagery alone, we successfully identified large pools inhabited by overwintering fish in the ice-covered Sagavanirktok River. In addition, the imagery was able to identify all of the larger pools (mean minimum length of 138m (range 15-470 m; SD=131)) of water located by field sampling. The effectiveness of SAR to identify these pools varied from 31% to 100%, depending on imagery polarization, the incidence angle range, and the orbit. Horizontal transmit–vertical receive (HV) polarization appeared best. The accuracy of SAR was also assessed at a finer pixel-by-pixel (30-m x30-m) scale. The best correspondence at this finer scale was obtained with an image having HV polarization. The levels of agreement ranged from 54% to 69%. The presence of broad whitefish (the only anadromous species present) was associated with salinity and pool size (estimated with SAR imagery); fish were more likely to be found in larger pools with low salinity. This research illustrates that SAR imaging has great potential for identifying under-ice overwintering areas of riverine fish. These techniques should allow managers to identify critical overwintering areas with relatively more ease and lower cost than traditional techniques.

Brown, Richard S.; Duguay, Claude R.; Mueller, Robert P.; Moulton, Larry; Doucette, Peter J.; Tagestad, Jerry D.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Evolution of magma conduits during the 19982000 eruptions of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

discontin- uous measurement techniques such as interferometric syn- thetic aperture radar (InSAR) and GPS-eruptive displacements recorded by interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) for the first five eruptions that dikes first propagate vertically from a source region below sea level before being injected laterally

Boyer, Edmond

54

Inverse-synthetic-aperture imaging of trees over a ground plane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent data collections with the Sandia VHF-UHF synthetic-aperture radar have yielded surprising results; trees appear brighter in the images than expected! In an effort to understand this phenomenon, various small trees have been measured on the Sandia folded compact range with the inverse-synthetic-aperture imaging system. A compilation of these measurements is contained in this report.

Zittel, D.H.; Brock, B.C.; Littlejohn, J.H.; Patitz, W.E.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Researchers in the faculty of Civil Engineering and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The measurements can be used to predict natural hazards like earthquakes or volcanic eruptions, or to assess, such as oil & gas, transport, infrastructure and construction, rely heavily on geodetic data. Scientifically-called Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar systems (InSAR). Pros and cons of InSAR With InSAR it is possible

Langendoen, Koen

56

Cassini Radio Detection and Ranging (RADAR): Earth and Venus observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of operation is as a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) mapper at Titan, with the fan-shaped beam dragged across of incidence angles. During all of the active modes, SAR, altimeter, and scat- terometer, the microwave power but rather was operated to obtain calibration data and rehearse instrument operations. 2. Venus The RADAR

Lorenz, Ralph D.

57

InSAR observations of aseismic slip associated with an earthquake swarm in the Columbia River flood basalts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Hanford Site. Data from the seismic network along with interferometric synthetic aperture radar (In detected nearly 40 years ago in and around the Hanford Nuclear Site located in the eastern YFB [Pitt, 1971; Malone et al., 1975] (Figure 1). The Wooded Island area of Hanford has been a source of persistent

58

Rotating Aperture System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotating aperture system includes a low-pressure vacuum pumping stage with apertures for passage of a deuterium beam. A stator assembly includes holes for passage of the beam. The rotor assembly includes a shaft connected to a deuterium gas cell or a crossflow venturi that has a single aperture on each side that together align with holes every rotation. The rotating apertures are synchronized with the firing of the deuterium beam such that the beam fires through a clear aperture and passes into the Xe gas beam stop. Portions of the rotor are lapped into the stator to improve the sealing surfaces, to prevent rapid escape of the deuterium gas from the gas cell.

Rusnak, Brian (Livermore, CA); Hall, James M. (Livermore, CA); Shen, Stewart (Danville, CA); Wood, Richard L. (Santa Fe, NM)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

59

LARGE-APERTURE D- ACCELERATORS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vignetted current profile at accelerator entrance aperture 'LARGE-APERTURE D" ACCELERATORS* 0. A. Anderson" " Lawrencen i a 9-1720 Abstract Accelerator designs are described for

Anderson, O.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Variable-aperture screen  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus is described for separating material into first and second portions according to size including a plurality of shafts, a plurality of spaced disks radiating outwardly from each of the shafts to define apertures and linkage interconnecting the shafts for moving the shafts toward or away from one another to vary the size of the apertures while the apparatus is performing the separating function. 10 figures.

Savage, G.M.

1991-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

The QuakeSim Web Portal Environment for GPS Data Robert Granat Jet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) measurements of sur- face displacement taken from satellites and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These radar measurements view) and individual station (micro view) level. Underlying this environment is a hidden Markov model

62

Phase projection using three satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study seeks to investigate various techniques used in Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) during the phase unwrapping process and the noise filtering step. In particular, as intuition would follow, we ...

Yeung, Michael C. (Michael Chi-Hang)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Aperture center energy showcase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia and Forest City have established a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA), and the partnership provides a unique opportunity to take technology research and development from demonstration to application in a sustainable community. A project under that CRADA, Aperture Center Energy Showcase, offers a means to develop exhibits and demonstrations that present feedback to community members, Sandia customers, and visitors. The technologies included in the showcase focus on renewable energy and its efficiency, and resilience. These technologies are generally scalable, and provide secure, efficient solutions to energy production, delivery, and usage. In addition to establishing an Energy Showcase, support offices and conference capabilities that facilitate research, collaboration, and demonstration were created. The Aperture Center project focuses on establishing a location that provides outreach, awareness, and demonstration of research findings, emerging technologies, and project developments to Sandia customers, visitors, and Mesa del Sol community members.

Torres, J. J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Progress reports for October 1994 -- Joint UK/US Radar Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report gives the principle investigator, objectives, recent accomplishments, milestones for reporting period, expected milestones for ensuing period, other issues and planned expenditures for each of the following programs: airborne RAR/SAR; radar data processor; ground-based SAR signal processing workstation; static airborne radar; multi-aperture space-time array radar; radar field experiments; data analysis and detection theory; management; E-2C radar data analysis; modeling and analysis; current meter array; UCSB wave tank; stratified flow facility; and IR sensor system. Finally the budget status is given.

Twogood, R.E.; Brase, J.M.; Mantrom, D.D.; Chambers, D.H.; Robey, H.F.

1994-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

65

Using Satellite Radar Data to Map and Monitor Variations in Great Lakes Ice Cover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Satellite Radar Data to Map and Monitor Variations in Great Lakes Ice Cover G.A. Leshkevich synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and scatterometer data, are used to classify and map Great Lakes ice cover and to derive freeze-up date, break- up date, and ice cover duration. These are important indicators of regional

66

Surface deformation analysis over a hydrocarbon reservoir using InSAR with ALOS-PALSAR data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

InSAR has been developed to estimate the temporal change on the surface of Earth by combining multiple SAR images acquired over the same area at different times. In the last two decades, in addition to conventional InSAR, ...

?ahin, Sedar Cihan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Automatic signal processing of front monitor radar for tunneling machines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is planned to install a front monitoring impulse radar on the surface of the rotating drill of tunneling machines in order to detect obstacles such as casing pipes of vertical borings. The conventional aperture synthesis technique can no more be applied to such cases because the radar image of a pipe dies not constituent a hyperbola as is the case for linear scanning radars. The authors have developed a special purpose signal processing algorithm with the aid of the discrete model fitting method, which can be used for any pattern of scanning. The details of the algorithm are presented together with the results of numerical simulations and test site experiments.

Sato, Toru [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Electronics and Communication] [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Electronics and Communication; Takeda, Kenya [NTT Co. Ltd., Chiba (Japan)] [NTT Co. Ltd., Chiba (Japan); Nagamatsu, Takashi [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)] [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Wakayama, Toshio [Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Kamakura, Kanagawa (Japan)] [Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Kamakura, Kanagawa (Japan); Kimura, Iwane [Osaka Inst. of Tech., Hirakata, Osaka (Japan)] [Osaka Inst. of Tech., Hirakata, Osaka (Japan); Shinbo, Tetsuya [Komatsu Co. Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)] [Komatsu Co. Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Passive Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging of Ground Moving Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of opportunity such as radio, cell phone, and television transmission towers. The absence of active signal towers. We describe a novel forward model and a corresponding filtered-backprojection type image

Yazici, Birsen

69

Sandia National Laboratories: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Imagery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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70

Synthetic Aperture Radar Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSInSAR) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov Pty LtdSteen,Ltd Jump to: navigation,Open EnergyFacility | OpenEV Jump to:SREPLOpen

71

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place: EdenOverview Of TheIntevac JumpInvener Jump to:

72

PROCEEDINGS, Thirty-Fourth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Stanford University, Stanford, California, February 9-11, 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the level of measurement noise found in InSAR observations is also important to quantify. Under certain displacement- field measurements. First, in (e.g.) an undrained fracture, they can cause direct inflation or consumed (e.g. Lecampion et al., 2005). Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) is a well

Stanford University

73

Dipole aperture and superconductor requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The cost of an accelerator is not proportional to the aperture. A change in aperture by a certain percentage results in an overall accelerator cost change by only a fraction of that percentage; the fraction may be between 0.1 and 0.5 and is almost independent of the bending field. This estimate is obtained by analyzing the superconductor requirements as a function of aperture and by making rough estimates of the largest cost items of the accelerator such as magnets and ring tunnel.

Wipf, S.L.

1983-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

74

Sparse aperture endoscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An endoscope which reduces the volume needed by the imaging part thereof, maintains resolution of a wide diameter optical system, while increasing tool access, and allows stereographic or interferometric processing for depth and perspective information/visualization. Because the endoscope decreases the volume consumed by imaging optics such allows a larger fraction of the volume to be used for non-imaging tools, which allows smaller incisions in surgical and diagnostic medical applications thus produces less trauma to the patient or allows access to smaller volumes than is possible with larger instruments. The endoscope utilizes fiber optic light pipes in an outer layer for illumination, a multi-pupil imaging system in an inner annulus, and an access channel for other tools in the center. The endoscope is amenable to implementation as a flexible scope, and thus increases the utility thereof. Because the endoscope uses a multi-aperture pupil, it can also be utilized as an optical array, allowing stereographic and interferometric processing.

Fitch, Joseph P. (Livermore, CA)

1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

75

Sparse aperture endoscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An endoscope is disclosed which reduces the volume needed by the imaging part, maintains resolution of a wide diameter optical system, while increasing tool access, and allows stereographic or interferometric processing for depth and perspective information/visualization. Because the endoscope decreases the volume consumed by imaging optics such allows a larger fraction of the volume to be used for non-imaging tools, which allows smaller incisions in surgical and diagnostic medical applications thus produces less trauma to the patient or allows access to smaller volumes than is possible with larger instruments. The endoscope utilizes fiber optic light pipes in an outer layer for illumination, a multi-pupil imaging system in an inner annulus, and an access channel for other tools in the center. The endoscope is amenable to implementation as a flexible scope, and thus increases it's utility. Because the endoscope uses a multi-aperture pupil, it can also be utilized as an optical array, allowing stereographic and interferometric processing. 7 figs.

Fitch, J.P.

1999-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

76

INTEGRATED INSAR AND GPS STUDIES OF CRUSTAL DEFORMATION IN THE WESTERN GREAT BASIN, WESTERN UNITED STATES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UK - Zhenhong.Li@ges.gla.ac.uk KEY WORDS: InSAR, GPS, crustal deformation, Yucca Mountain, vertical GPS networks which are limited by their station spacing. We select the Yucca Mountain, Nevada region

Tingley, Joseph V.

77

Large aperture diffractive space telescope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary objective lens functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass "aiming" at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The objective lens includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the objective lens, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets which may be either earth bound or celestial.

Hyde, Roderick A. (Livermore, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

WFPC2 aperture photometry and PSF modelling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the WFPC-2 undersamples the PSF, aperture photometry can produce results which are competetive with profile fitting in many situations. This article reports and investigation of aperture corrections using both real data and PSF models.

N. R. Tanvir; D. R. T. Robinson; T. von Hippel

1995-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

79

Micropower impulse radar technology and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LLNL-developed Micropower Impulse Radar (MIR) technology has quickly gone from laboratory concept to embedded circuitry in numerous government and commercial systems in the last few years[l]. The main ideas behind MIR, invented by T. McEwan in the Laser Program, are the generation and detection systems for extremely low- power ultra-wideband pulses in the gigaHertz regime using low-cost components. These ideas, coupled with new antenna systems, timing and radio-frequency (RF) circuitry, computer interfaces, and signal processing, have provided the catalyst for a new generation of compact radar systems. Over the past several years we have concentrated on a number of applications of MIR which address a number of remote-sensing applications relevant to emerging programs in defense, transportation, medical, and environmental research. Some of the past commercial successes have been widely publicized [2] and are only now starting to become available for market. Over 30 patents have been filed and over 15 licenses have been signed on various aspects of the MIR technology. In addition, higher performance systems are under development for specific laboratory programs and government reimbursables. The MIR is an ultra- wideband, range-gated radar system that provides the enabling hardware technology used in the research areas mentioned above. It has numerous performance parameters that can be Selected by careful design to fit the requirements. We have improved the baseline, short- range, MIR system to demonstrate its effectiveness. The radar operates over the hand from approximately I to 4 GHz with pulse repetition frequencies up to 10 MHz. It provides a potential range resolution of I cm at ranges of greater than 20 m. We have developed a suite of algorithms for using MIR for image formation. These algorithms currently support Synthetic aperture and multistate array geometries. This baseline MIR radar imaging system has been used for several programmatic applications.

Mast, J., LLNL

1998-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Medical imaging with coded apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Now algorithms were investigated for image reconstruction in emission tomography which could incorporate complex instrumental effects such as might be obtained with a coded aperture system. The investigation focused on possible uses of the wavelet transform to handle non-stationary instrumental effects and analytic continuation of the Radon transform to handle self-absorption. Neither investigation was completed during the funding period and whether such algorithms will be useful remains an open question.

Keto, E.; Libby, S.

1995-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

ISSN 0935-9648 Vol. 18, No. 21  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capabilities in traditional microelectronics are measured mainly in terms of speed, power efficiency, and level, such as large-aperture inter- ferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) and radio fre- quency (RF geometries that provide not only bendability, but mechanical stretchability to levels of strain (strain

Rogers, John A.

82

Tide Model Accuracy in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica, from InSAR Observations of Ice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tide Model Accuracy in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica, from InSAR Observations of Ice Shelf Motion Sea Sector of West Antarctica. · Tide model accuracy in this remote region is poorly constrained, yet tide models contribute to simulations of ocean heat transfer, and to the removal of unwanted tidal

83

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) is aiming at the detection of the high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) in high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). WCD at high altitude offer a unique possibility of detecting low gamma fluxes in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV range. The status of the Observatory and data collected from 2007 to date will be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Ion mobility spectrometer with virtual aperture grid  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion mobility spectrometer does not require a physical aperture grid to prevent premature ion detector response. The last electrodes adjacent to the ion collector (typically the last four or five) have an electrode pitch that is less than the width of the ion swarm and each of the adjacent electrodes is connected to a source of free charge, thereby providing a virtual aperture grid at the end of the drift region that shields the ion collector from the mirror current of the approaching ion swarm. The virtual aperture grid is less complex in assembly and function and is less sensitive to vibrations than the physical aperture grid.

Pfeifer, Kent B. (Los Lunas, NM); Rumpf, Arthur N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

85

Sandia National Laboratories: Radar Friendly Blades  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MitigationRadar Friendly Blades Radar Friendly Blades Some wind farms have the potential to cause interference with the normal operation of radar systems used for security, weather...

86

Downhole pulse radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A borehole logging tool generates a fast rise-time, short duration, high peak-power radar pulse having broad energy distribution between 30 MHz and 300 MHz through a directional transmitting and receiving antennas having barium titanate in the electromagnetically active region to reduce the wavelength to within an order of magnitude of the diameter of the antenna. Radar returns from geological discontinuities are sampled for transmission uphole. 7 figs.

Chang, Hsi-Tien

1987-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solar Central Receiver with an Irising Aperture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. If the aperture is small, it will be inefficient for periods when the solar isolation is inclined due to spillage. However, if the aperture is large, it will be inefficient for periods when the solar isolation is normal, due to excess heat radiation and convection...

Galal, T.; Kulaib, A. M.; Abuzaid, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Variable aperture collimator for high energy radiation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is disclosed providing a variable aperture energy beam collimator. A plurality of beam opaque blocks are in sliding interface edge contact to form a variable aperture. The blocks may be offset at the apex angle to provide a non-equilateral aperture. A plurality of collimator block assemblies may be employed for providing a channel defining a collimated beam. Adjacent assemblies are inverted front-to-back with respect to one another for preventing noncollimated energy from emerging from the apparatus. An adjustment mechanism comprises a cable attached to at least one block and a hand wheel mechanism for operating the cable. The blocks are supported by guide rods engaging slide brackets on the blocks. The guide rods are pivotally connected at each end to intermediate actuators supported on rotatable shafts to change the shape of the aperture. A divergent collimated beam may be obtained by adjusting the apertures of adjacent stages to be unequal.

Hill, Ronald A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

89

Radar transponder apparatus and signal processing technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An active, phase-coded, time-grating transponder and a synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) and signal processor means, in combination, allow the recognition and location of the transponder (tag) in the SAR image and allow communication of information messages from the transponder to the SAR. The SAR is an illuminating radar having special processing modifications in an image-formation processor to receive an echo from a remote transponder, after the transponder receives and retransmits the SAR illuminations, and to enhance the transponder's echo relative to surrounding ground clutter by recognizing special transponder modulations from phase-shifted from the transponder retransmissions. The remote radio-frequency tag also transmits information to the SAR through a single antenna that also serves to receive the SAR illuminations. Unique tag-modulation and SAR signal processing techniques, in combination, allow the detection and precise geographical location of the tag through the reduction of interfering signals from ground clutter, and allow communication of environmental and status information from said tag to be communicated to said SAR.

Axline, Jr., Robert M. (Albuquerque, NM); Sloan, George R. (Albuquerque, NM); Spalding, Richard E. (Albuquerque, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 47, NO. 6, JUNE 2009 1777 Cassini RADAR Sequence Planning and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the Saturn system. Two SAR modes are used for high- and medium-resolution (300­1000 m) imaging of Titan, and calibration observations have provided an absolute calibration good to about 1.3 dB. Relative uncertainties, radiometer, synthetic aperture radar (SAR). I. INTRODUCTION THE Cassini­Huygens mission to Saturn

Goddard III, William A.

91

Shock wave absorber having apertured plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The shock or energy absorber disclosed herein utilizes an apertured plate maintained under the normal level of liquid flowing in a piping system and disposed between the normal liquid flow path and a cavity pressurized with a compressible gas. The degree of openness (or porosity) of the plate is between 0.01 and 0.60. The energy level of a shock wave travelling down the piping system thus is dissipated by some of the liquid being jetted through the apertured plate toward the cavity. The cavity is large compared to the quantity of liquid jetted through the apertured plate, so there is little change in its volume. The porosity of the apertured plate influences the percentage of energy absorbed.

Shin, Yong W. (Western Springs, IL); Wiedermann, Arne H. (Chicago Heights, IL); Ockert, Carl E. (Vienna, VA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Shock wave absorber having apertured plate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The shock or energy absorber disclosed herein utilizes an apertured plate maintained under the normal level of liquid flowing in a piping system and disposed between the normal liquid flow path and a cavity pressurized with a compressible gas. The degree of openness (or porosity) of the plate is between 0.01 and 0.60. The energy level of a shock wave travelling down the piping system thus is dissipated by some of the liquid being jetted through the apertured plate toward the cavity. The cavity is large compared to the quantity of liquid jetted through the apertured plate, so there is little change in its volume. The porosity of the apertured plate influences the percentage of energy absorbed.

Shin, Y.W.; Wiedermann, A.H.; Ockert, C.E.

1983-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

Very Large Aperture Diffractive Space Telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very large (10's of meters) aperture space telescope including two separate spacecraft--an optical primary functioning as a magnifying glass and an optical secondary functioning as an eyepiece. The spacecraft are spaced up to several kilometers apart with the eyepiece directly behind the magnifying glass ''aiming'' at an intended target with their relative orientation determining the optical axis of the telescope and hence the targets being observed. The magnifying glass includes a very large-aperture, very-thin-membrane, diffractive lens, e.g., a Fresnel lens, which intercepts incoming light over its full aperture and focuses it towards the eyepiece. The eyepiece has a much smaller, meter-scale aperture and is designed to move along the focal surface of the magnifying glass, gathering up the incoming light and converting it to high quality images. The positions of the two space craft are controlled both to maintain a good optical focus and to point at desired targets.

Hyde, Roderick Allen

1998-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

94

Photovoltaic converter having apertured reflective enclosure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a photovoltaic converter. It comprises: a photovoltaic cell having an incident face upon which light is directed to cause photogeneration; an enclosure over the incident face, the wall of the enclosure having a reflective inner surface spaced apart from the incident face to permit light reflected from the incident face to be re-reflected by the inner surface and back to the photovoltaic cell; and an aperture through the wall of the enclosure to permit light to fall directly upon the voltaic cell. The ratio of the area of the aperture to the are of the incident face of the photovoltaic cell is less than about 0.2.

Sinton, R.A.; Swanson, R.M.

1990-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The millimeter cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar possesses a doppler capability that will allow the measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.

KB Widener; K Johnson

2005-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

TWO-DIMENSIONAL POLYNOMIAL PHASE SIGNALS: PARAMETER ESTIMATION AND BOUNDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the problem of modeling and analyzing Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data, and in particular Interferometric SAR (INSAR) images, involves the analysis of complex valued 2-D non-homogeneous signals. Perspective such as camera calibration and the computation of shape from texture. Existing solutions to problems where

Francos, Joseph M.

97

2446 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 38, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2000 An Evaluation of the JPL TOPSAR for Extracting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the interferometric SAR(INSAR) DEM. To accomplish this, differential global po- sitioning system (GPS) measurements. It is accurate to within 1 m or 10% for the red pine test stands used here. Index Terms--Calibration aperture radar (SAR), vegetation. I. INTRODUCTION ONE OF the most critical biophysical parameters

Sarabandi, Kamal

98

published in JGR, 105, 21,781-21,794, 2000 Deformation and seismicity in the Coso geothermal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

published in JGR, 105, 21,781-21,794, 2000 Deformation and seismicity in the Coso geothermal area. Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data collected in the Coso geothermal area, eastern California with the production area of the Coso geothermal plant. The maximum subsidence rate in the peak of the anomaly is 3

99

Semi-empirical calibration of the Integral Equation Model for SAR data in C-band and cross polarization using radar images and field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1 Semi-empirical calibration of the Integral Equation Model for SAR data in C-band and cross and roughness) from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images requires the use of well-calibrated backscattering was found between the backscattering coefficient provided by the SAR and that simulated by the calibrated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Optimal Maneuvers for Distributed Aperture Imaging Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the wave vectors (locations in the so-called u-v plane) that are proportional to the relative positions of the apertures. Imaging to specified resolution demands measurement of the Fourier components with adequate signal-to-noise ratio over the interior...

Fitch, Danielle

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Analysis of transverse apertures in a circular waveguide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a transverse aperture will be extremely useful in the design of coupled cavity resonators and circular cavity backed resonant aperture antennas. B. l. iterature Review Many authors have investigated the effects of apertures in both the transverse... 1989 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ANALYSIS OF TRANSVERSE APERTURES IN A CIRCULAR WAVEGUIDE A Thesis GARY BRYAN EASTHAM Approved as to style and content by: Kai Chang (Chair of Committee) Brian D. Young (Member) Donal L. Parker...

Eastham, Gary Bryan

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

Praeg, W.F.

1983-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

103

Vacuum aperture isolator for retroreflection from laser-irradiated target  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure is directed to a vacuum aperture isolator for retroreflection of a laser-irradiated target. Within a vacuum chamber are disposed a beam focusing element, a disc having an aperture and a recollimating element. The edge of the focused beam impinges on the edge of the aperture to produce a plasma which refracts any retroreflected light from the laser's target.

Benjamin, Robert F. (Los Alamos, NM); Mitchell, Kenneth B. (Los Alamos, NM)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Dual aperture dipole magnet with second harmonic component  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved dual aperture dipole electromagnet includes a second-harmonic frequency magnetic guide field winding which surrounds first harmonic frequency magnetic guide field windings associated with each aperture. The second harmonic winding and the first harmonic windings cooperate to produce resultant magnetic waveforms in the apertures which have extended acceleration and shortened reset portions of electromagnet operation.

Praeg, Walter F. (Palos Park, IL)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

An Approach to Ground Moving Target Indication Using Multiple Resolutions of Multilook Synthetic Aperture Radar Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?cations relating Kalman ?ltering, iterative MMSE, RLS, and back projection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.3 DWT synthesis ?lter bank tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 3.4 Haar scaling function and wavelet... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 3.5 Haar wavelet, compressed wavelet, and compressed and translated wavelet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 3.6 One-dimensional DWT demo using sine wave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 3.7 One-dimensional DWT...

Akers, Geoffrey

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Wind/Rain Backscatter Modeling and Wind/Rain Retrieval for Scatterometer and Synthetic Aperture Radar.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Using co-located space-borne satellite (TRMM PR, ESCAT on ERS 1/2) measurements, and numerical predicted wind fields (ECMWF), the sensitivity of C-band backscatter measurement to rain… (more)

Nie, Congling

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Forensic Application of FM-CW and Pulse Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) technology has supplied vital assistance in criminal investigations. However, law enforcement personnel desire further developments such that the technology is rapidly deployable, and that it provides both a simple user interface and sophisticated target identification. To assist in the development of target identification algorithms, our efforts involve gathering background GPR data for the various site conditions and circumstances that often typify clandestine burials. For this study, forensic anthropologists established shallow-grave plots at The University of Tennessee Anthropological Research Facility (ARF) that are specific to GPR research. These plots contain donated human cadavers lying in various configurations and depths, surrounded by assorted construction material and backfill debris. We scanned the plots using two GPR technologies: (1) a multi-frequency synthetic-aperture FM-CW radar (200-700 MHz) (GPR-X) developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Special Technologies Laboratory (STL), Bechtel Nevada (Koppenjan et al., 2000), and (2) a commercial pulse radar (SIR-20) manufactured by Geophysical Survey Systems, Inc. (400 and 900 MHz)(GSSI). The sweep-frequency data show the large biological mass decomposing within the torso as encircled ''hot spots.'' The 400-MHz pulse radar exhibit major horizontal reflectors above the body, with shadow reflectors (horizontal multiples) occurring beneath the body at 60 cm depth. The 400-MHz antenna was able to discern the grave walls and folded tarp covering the lower body. Under these moist, clay-rich conditions, the 900-MHz antenna was able to penetrate slightly beyond 30 cm beneath the concrete layer. However, neither system was able to penetrate beyond a one meter depth in the moist, clay-rich soil (fine, mixed, thermic Typic Paleudalf). Example scans from each system are provided, along with a discussion of the survey protocol and general performance.

S. K. Koppenjan; R. S. Freeland; M. L. Miller; R. E. Yoder

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Overview of Radar Data Compression Valliappa Lakshmanan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of radar data is 1km in range and approximately 1 degree in azimuth. 1.1 Size The raw radar data ("Level I are distributed as "moment" data, called Level II. The Level II data comprises a value of radar reflectivity, velocity toward/away from the radar and spectrum width (a measure of the spread of velocity values

Lakshmanan, Valliappa

109

ARM Climate Research Facility Radar Operations Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Roles, responsibilities, and processes associated with Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Radar Operations.

Voyles, JW

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

110

Radar polarimetry for geoscience applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A source book for remote sensing and radar design engineers, this text covers wave polarization, polarization synthesis, scattering matrices, SAR polarization systems, and an array of applications It covers: an introduction to the different mathematical representations used to describe scattering properties, a review of scatterometer system design and calibration techniques for use in polarimetric measurements, a study of specific polarimetric radar systems, such as the shuttle imaging radar C (SIR-C), that includes calibration and compression techniques, data processing guidelines, and design approaches.

Elachi, C.; Kuga, Y.; McDonald, K.; Sarabandi, K.; Ulaby, F.T.; Whitt, M.; Zebker, H.; van Zyl, J.J.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Ground Penetrating Radar, Barrow, Alaska  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This is 500 MHz Ground Penetrating Radar collected along the AB Line in Intensive Site 1 beginning in October 2012 and collected along L2 in Intensive Site 0 beginning in September 2011. Both continue to the present.

John Peterson

112

Iterative Self-Dual Reconstruction on Radar Image Recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Imaging systems as ultrasound, sonar, laser and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) are subjected to speckle noise during image acquisition. Before analyzing these images, it is often necessary to remove the speckle noise using filters. We combine properties of two mathematical morphology filters with speckle statistics to propose a signal-dependent noise filter to multiplicative noise. We describe a multiscale scheme that preserves sharp edges while it smooths homogeneous areas, by combining local statistics with two mathematical morphology filters: the alternating sequential and the self-dual reconstruction algorithms. The experimental results show that the proposed approach is less sensitive to varying window sizes when applied to simulated and real SAR images in comparison with standard filters.

Martins, Charles; Medeiros, Fatima; Ushizima, Daniela; Bezerra, Francisco; Marques, Regis; Mascarenhas, Nelson

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

113

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Seismic Survey DOE Geothermal Peer Review 2010 - Presentation. Project summary: Drilling into large aperture open fractures (LAFs) typically yield production wells with...

114

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3-D mapping of Large Aperture Fractures (LAF's) * Budget: 679,000 - Phase 2: Drilling - January-December, 2011. * Task 4: Stepout drilling from existing production wells....

115

A statistical model for the excitation of cavities through apertures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, a statistical model for the coupling of electromagnetic radiation into enclosures through apertures is presented. The model gives a unified picture bridging deterministic theories of aperture radiation, and statistical models necessary for capturing the properties of irregular shaped enclosures. A Monte Carlo technique based on random matrix theory is used to predict and study the power transmitted through the aperture into the enclosure. Universal behavior of the net power entering the aperture is found. Results are of interest for predicting the coupling of external radiation through openings in irregular enclosures and reverberation chambers.

Gradoni, Gabriele; Anlage, Steven M; Ott, Edward

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Functionalized apertures for the detection of chemical and biological materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are nanometer to micron scale functionalized apertures constructed on a substrate made of glass, carbon, semiconductors or polymeric materials that allow for the real time detection of biological materials or chemical moieties. Many apertures can exist on one substrate allowing for the simultaneous detection of numerous chemical and biological molecules. One embodiment features a macrocyclic ring attached to cross-linkers, wherein the macrocyclic ring has a biological or chemical probe extending through the aperture. Another embodiment achieves functionalization by attaching chemical or biological anchors directly to the walls of the apertures via cross-linkers.

Letant, Sonia E. (Livermore, CA); van Buuren, Anthony W. (Livermore, CA); Terminello, Louis J. (Danville, CA); Thelen, Michael P. (Danville, CA); Hope-Weeks, Louisa J. (Brentwood, CA); Hart, Bradley R. (Brentwood, CA)

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

117

Signal processing for airborne bistatic radar   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The major problem encountered by an airborne bistatic radar is the suppression of bistatic clutter. Unlike clutter echoes for a sidelooking airborne monostatic radar, bistatic clutter echoes are range dependent. Using ...

Ong, Kian P

118

Antarctic Mapping Project ACTIVE RADAR CALIBRATOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RADARSAT Antarctic Mapping Project ACTIVE RADAR CALIBRATOR INSTALLATION DOCUMENT October, 1999 ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF MICHIGAN CENTER FOR EARTH SCIENCES ALASKA SAR FACILITY BYRD POLAR RESEARCH...................................................................................................................................................3 Active Radar Calibrator Testing

Howat, Ian M.

119

GMTI radar minimum detectable velocity.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Minimum detectable velocity (MDV) is a fundamental consideration for the design, implementation, and exploitation of ground moving-target indication (GMTI) radar imaging modes. All single-phase-center air-to-ground radars are characterized by an MDV, or a minimum radial velocity below which motion of a discrete nonstationary target is indistinguishable from the relative motion between the platform and the ground. Targets with radial velocities less than MDV are typically overwhelmed by endoclutter ground returns, and are thus not generally detectable. Targets with radial velocities greater than MDV typically produce distinct returns falling outside of the endoclutter ground returns, and are thus generally discernible using straightforward detection algorithms. This document provides a straightforward derivation of MDV for an air-to-ground single-phase-center GMTI radar operating in an arbitrary geometry.

Richards, John Alfred

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scanning ARM cloud radar (SACR) is a polarimetric Doppler radar consisting of three different radar designs based on operating frequency. These are designated as follows: (1) X-band SACR (X-SACR); (2) Ka-band SACR (Ka-SACR); and (3) W-band SACR (W-SACR). There are two SACRs on a single pedestal at each site where SACRs are deployed. The selection of the operating frequencies at each deployed site is predominantly determined by atmospheric attenuation at the site. Because RF attenuation increases with atmospheric water vapor content, ARM's Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites use the X-/Ka-band frequency pair. The Southern Great Plains (SGP) and North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites field the Ka-/W-band frequency pair. One ARM Mobile Facility (AMF1) has a Ka/W-SACR and the other (AMF2) has a X/Ka-SACR.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N; Johnson, K

2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Optical aperture synthesis with electronically connected telescopes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highest resolution imaging in astronomy is achieved by interferometry, connecting telescopes over increasingly longer distances, and at successively shorter wavelengths. Here, we present the first diffraction-limited images in visual light, produced by an array of independent optical telescopes, connected electronically only, with no optical links between them. With an array of small telescopes, second-order optical coherence of the sources is measured through intensity interferometry over 180 baselines between pairs of telescopes, and two-dimensional images reconstructed. The technique aims at diffraction-limited optical aperture synthesis over kilometre-long baselines to reach resolutions showing details on stellar surfaces and perhaps even the silhouettes of transiting exoplanets. Intensity interferometry circumvents problems of atmospheric turbulence that constrain ordinary interferometry. Since the electronic signal can be copied, many baselines can be built up between dispersed telescopes, and over long...

Dravins, Dainis; Nuñez, Paul D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Fracture aperture reconstruction and determination of hydrological properties: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fracture aperture reconstruction and determination of hydrological properties: a case study for fracture aperture reconstruction. The rst one is a correlation technique that estimates the normal aper techniques are applied to discontinuities extracted from a core drilled down to 20 m in a fractured marl

Toussaint, Renaud

123

Synthetic aperture design for increased SAR image rate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High resolution SAR images of a target scene at near video rates can be produced by using overlapped, but nevertheless, full-size synthetic apertures. The SAR images, which respectively correspond to the apertures, can be analyzed in sequence to permit detection of movement in the target scene.

Bielek, Timothy P. (Albuquerque, NM); Thompson, Douglas G. (Albuqerque, NM); Walker, Bruce C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

124

Microfabricated high-bandpass foucault aperture for electron microscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variant of the Foucault (knife-edge) aperture is disclosed that is designed to provide single-sideband (SSB) contrast at low spatial frequencies but retain conventional double-sideband (DSB) contrast at high spatial frequencies in transmission electron microscopy. The aperture includes a plate with an inner open area, a support extending from the plate at an edge of the open area, a half-circle feature mounted on the support and located at the center of the aperture open area. The radius of the half-circle portion of reciprocal space that is blocked by the aperture can be varied to suit the needs of electron microscopy investigation. The aperture is fabricated from conductive material which is preferably non-oxidizing, such as gold, for example.

Glaeser, Robert; Cambie, Rossana; Jin, Jian

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture imaging opportunities Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

University Collection: Engineering ; Physics 2 PAPER 2004-230 Investigating Fracture Aperture Distributions Summary: . Keller14 imaged the fracture apertures using X-ray...

126

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture flow imaging Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institute of Technology Collection: Engineering 3 PAPER 2004-230 Investigating Fracture Aperture Distributions Summary: to correction. ABSTRACT Fracture aperture is usually...

127

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced synthetic aperture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

APERTURE MICROSCOPY: PHYSICS-BASED IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION FROM OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY DATA Summary: INTERFEROMETRIC SYNTHETIC APERTURE MICROSCOPY: PHYSICS-BASED IMAGE...

128

Two terminal micropower radar sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simple, low power ultra-wideband radar motion sensor/switch configuration connects a power source and load to ground. The switch is connected to and controlled by the signal output of a radar motion sensor. The power input of the motion sensor is connected to the load through a diode which conducts power to the motion sensor when the switch is open. A storage capacitor or rechargeable battery is connected to the power input of the motion sensor. The storage capacitor or battery is charged when the switch is open and powers the motion sensor when the switch is closed. The motion sensor and switch are connected between the same two terminals between the source/load and ground. 3 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1995-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

129

Two terminal micropower radar sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simple, low power ultra-wideband radar motion sensor/switch configuration connects a power source and load to ground. The switch is connected to and controlled by the signal output of a radar motion sensor. The power input of the motion sensor is connected to the load through a diode which conducts power to the motion sensor when the switch is open. A storage capacitor or rechargeable battery is connected to the power input of the motion sensor. The storage capacitor or battery is charged when the switch is open and powers the motion sensor when the switch is closed. The motion sensor and switch are connected between the same two terminals between the source/load and ground.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component...

131

aperture optical system: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 May 15, 2003 Vol. 28, No. 10 OPTICS LETTERS 801 Phase retrieval for high-numerical-aperture optical systems Biotechnology...

132

Radar range measurements in the atmosphere.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The earth's atmosphere affects the velocity of propagation of microwave signals. This imparts a range error to radar range measurements that assume the typical simplistic model for propagation velocity. This range error is a function of atmospheric constituents, such as water vapor, as well as the geometry of the radar data collection, notably altitude and range. Models are presented for calculating atmospheric effects on radar range measurements, and compared against more elaborate atmospheric models.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Receiver for solar energy collector having improved aperture aspect  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A secondary concentrator for use in receiver systems for linear focusing primary concentrators is provided with reflector wings at each end. The wings increase the capture of light rays reflected from areas adjacent the rim of a primary concentrator, increasing the apparent aperture size of the absorber as viewed from the rim of the primary concentrator. The length, tilt, and curvature of the wing reflectors can be adjusted to provide an absorber having a desired aperture aspect.

McIntire, William R. (Downers Grove, IL)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Effective Aperture of a Large Pseudorandom Low-Frequency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(LWA) LWA Station State of New Mexico, USA Aperture synthesis radio telescope · About 50 "stations" across New Mexico · Each station is an array of many elements · 20 - 80 MHz (at least) Project Status 16.6562 for Realistic = 3.0 in E-Plane = 0.5 in H-Plane [m2] Crude Estimate for Single Stand #12;8 Effective Aperture

Ellingson, Steven W.

135

Radar network communication through sensing of frequency hopping  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In one embodiment, a radar communication system includes a plurality of radars having a communication range and being capable of operating at a sensing frequency and a reporting frequency, wherein the reporting frequency is different than the sensing frequency, each radar is adapted for operating at the sensing frequency until an event is detected, each radar in the plurality of radars has an identification/location frequency for reporting information different from the sensing frequency, a first radar of the radars which senses the event sends a reporting frequency corresponding to its identification/location frequency when the event is detected, and all other radars in the plurality of radars switch their reporting frequencies to match the reporting frequency of the first radar upon detecting the reporting frequency switch of a radar within the communication range. In another embodiment, a method is presented for communicating information in a radar system.

Dowla, Farid; Nekoogar, Faranak

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

136

Radar Testbed Characterization for Evaluation of Modulated Scatterer Concepts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The following research explores the concepts of communication-embedded radar with an emphasis on radar operation and modulated scatterer concepts. Once firmly established the concept of communication via radar backscatter ...

Casper, Matt

2010-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

137

Radar remote sensing of the lower atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from a numerical weather prediction (NWP) model is examined.numerical weather prediction and empirical site-specific radar clutter models,”

Karimian, Ali

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Ultra-wideband radar motion sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motion sensor is based on ultra-wideband (UWB) radar. UWB radar range is determined by a pulse-echo interval. For motion detection, the sensors operate by staring at a fixed range and then sensing any change in the averaged radar reflectivity at that range. A sampling gate is opened at a fixed delay after the emission of a transmit pulse. The resultant sampling gate output is averaged over repeated pulses. Changes in the averaged sampling gate output represent changes in the radar reflectivity at a particular range, and thus motion. 15 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Sandia National Laboratories: TTU Advanced Doppler Radar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rotor sweep. Doppler radar technologies and techniques developed at TTU have the potential to revolutionize wind energy generation by providing comprehensive information...

140

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture optics system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

optics system Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aperture optics...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Ultra-wideband radar sensors and networks  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ultra wideband radar motion sensors strategically placed in an area of interest communicate with a wireless ad hoc network to provide remote area surveillance. Swept range impulse radar and a heart and respiration monitor combined with the motion sensor further improves discrimination.

Leach, Jr., Richard R; Nekoogar, Faranak; Haugen, Peter C

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

142

Hydraulic transmissivity and heat exchanges: aperture lowpass filtering model 1 Natural open joints in rocks commonly present multi-scale self-affine apertures. This  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic transmissivity and heat exchanges: aperture lowpass filtering model 1 SUMMARY Natural aperture that describes at best the macroscopic properties (hydraulic conductivity, heat exchange of the effective hydraulic and thermal properties (apertures). A detailed study of the influence of the bandwidth

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

143

Magneto-Radar Hidden Metal Detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A varying magnetic field excites slight vibrations in an object and a radar sensor detects the vibrations at a harmonic of the excitation frequency. The synergy of the magnetic excitation and radar detection provides increased detection range compared to conventional magnetic metal detectors. The radar rejects background clutter by responding only to reflecting objects that are vibrating at a harmonic excitation field, thereby significantly improving detection reliability. As an exemplary arrangement, an ultra-wideband micropower impulse radar (MIR) is capable of being employed to provide superior materials penetration while providing range information. The magneto-radar may be applied to pre-screening magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patients, landmine detection and finding hidden treasures.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Las Vegas, NV)

2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

144

Computing the apparent centroid of radar targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A high-frequency multibounce radar scattering code was used as a simulation platform for demonstrating an algorithm to compute the ARC of specific radar targets. To illustrate this simulation process, several targets models were used. Simulation results for a sphere model were used to determine the errors of approximation associated with the simulation; verifying the process. The severity of glint induced tracking errors was also illustrated using a model of an F-15 aircraft. It was shown, in a deterministic manner, that the ARC of a target can fall well outside its physical extent. Finally, the apparent radar centroid simulation based on a ray casting procedure is well suited for use on most massively parallel computing platforms and could lead to the development of a near real-time radar tracking simulation for applications such as endgame fuzing, survivability, and vulnerability analyses using specific radar targets and fuze algorithms.

Lee, C.E.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

Laser- and Radar-based Mission Concepts for Suborbital and Spaceborne Monitoring of Seismic Surface Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of a suborbital or spaceborne system to monitor seismic waves poses an intriguing prospect for advancing the state of seismology. This capability would enable an unprecedented global mapping of the velocity structure of the earth's crust, understanding of earthquake rupture dynamics and wave propagation effects, and event source location, characterization and discrimination that are critical for both fundamental earthquake research and nuclear non-proliferation applications. As part of an ongoing collaboration between LLNL and JPL, an advanced mission concept study assessed architectural considerations and operational and data delivery requirements, extending two prior studies by each organization--a radar-based satellite system (JPL) for earthquake hazard assessment and a feasibility study of space- or UAV-based laser seismometer systems (LLNL) for seismic event monitoring. Seismic wave measurement requirements include lower bounds on detectability of specific seismic sources of interest and wave amplitude accuracy for different levels of analysis, such as source characterization, discrimination and tomography, with a 100 {micro}m wave amplitude resolution for waves nominally traveling 5 km/s, an upper frequency bound based on explosion and earthquake surface displacement spectra, and minimum horizontal resolution (1-5 km) and areal coverage, in general and for targeted observations. For a radar system, corresponding engineering and operational factors include: Radar frequency (dictated by required wave amplitude measurement accuracy and maximizing ranging, Doppler or interferometric sensitivity), time sampling (maximum seismic wave frequency and velocity), and overall system considerations such as mass, power and data rate. Technical challenges include characterization of, and compensation for, phase distortion resulting from atmospheric and ionospheric perturbations and turbulence, and effects of ground scattering characteristics and seismic ground motion on phase coherence over interferometric time intervals. Since the temporal sampling requirement may be finer than that possible for a high-altitude sensor to traverse a synthetic aperture length, a geostationary, real-aperture Ka-band system or constellation for equatorial and moderate-latitude global coverage is one option considered. The short wavelength would maximize interferometric sensitivity to small surface displacements and minimize required antenna area. Engineering issues include the design and deployment of a large ({approx} 100m) fixed aperture antenna; and fast electronic beam steering (entire aperture within nominal 1 s interferometric interval) with high-efficiency integrated transmit/receive modules. For a suborbital system, platform instability is an issue whereas at high earth orbit signal-to-noise and attendant power requirements dominate. Data delivery requirements include large-volume data storage and transmission; development of real-time, on-board event detection and processing algorithms, and data management structures for these very large data sets. A far-term roadmap would comprise a proof-of-concept demonstration using a laser or radar system mounted on a stratospheric balloon or UAV to image seismic wavefields from planned events (e.g. large mine blasts and/or purpose-designed explosions) and earthquake targets of opportunity. The technological challenges to developing any such seismic monitoring system, whether laser- or radar-based, are at this stage enormous. However, these concept studies suggest the long-term feasibility of such a system and drive the development of enabling technologies while fostering collaboration on meeting scientific and operational challenges of agencies such as NASA, DOE and DoD.

Foxall, W; Schultz, C A; Tralli, D M

2004-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Monostatic Coherent Radar Sea Clutter Doppler Analysis Matthew Ritchie  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurements are potentially ambiguous. Both the PRF and radio frequency used by the radar system are agile to define what PFA the radar system will experience for a given threshold level. This defines the radarsMonostatic Coherent Radar Sea Clutter Doppler Analysis Matthew Ritchie University College London

Haddadi, Hamed

147

Observations of colocated optical and radar aurora H. Bahcivan,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of colocated optical and radar aurora H. Bahcivan,1 D. L. Hysell,2 D. Lummerzheim,3 M of the E region radar aurora obtained with a 30 MHz imaging radar and the optical aurora (green line, the radar aurora in the vicinity of a stable evening auroral arc arises because of the arc's polarization

Lummerzheim, Dirk

148

Development of the Solid State X-band Radar and the Phased Array Radar System in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of the Solid State X-band Radar and the Phased Array Radar System in Japan By DR. TOMOO array radar system have been developed. Toshiba has developed the latest model of weather radar of precipitation and to achieve drastic reduction of its size and life cycle cost. It is now well known

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

149

Using doppler radar images to estimate aircraft navigational heading error  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A yaw angle error of a motion measurement system carried on an aircraft for navigation is estimated from Doppler radar images captured using the aircraft. At least two radar pulses aimed at respectively different physical locations in a targeted area are transmitted from a radar antenna carried on the aircraft. At least two Doppler radar images that respectively correspond to the at least two transmitted radar pulses are produced. These images are used to produce an estimate of the yaw angle error.

Doerry, Armin W. (Albuquerque, NM); Jordan, Jay D. (Albuquerque, NM); Kim, Theodore J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

150

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne radar sounding Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radar Remote Sensing Summary: -Based Weather Radar Remote Sensing of Explosive Volcanic Ash Eruption Frank Silvio Marzano, Senior Member, IEEE... radars. These systems can provide...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric radar system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

atmospheric... the uncertainty in the relationship between the radar reflectivity and the rainwater mixing ratio, or radar system... of in real radar data processing ... Source:...

152

Time Reversal Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging In Multipath Yuanwei Jin, Jose M.F. Moura, and Nicholas O'Donoughue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Michael T. Mulford and Alphonso A. Samuel Raytheon Missile Systems Tucson, AZ 85734 Abstract Conventional by a rail-mounted SAR sensor operated by Raytheon. 1 Introduction Many data adaptive high resolution-mounted SAR sensor at Raytheon in a rich scattering environment. 2 Mathematical Description of TR

Moura, José

153

Comparing synthetic aperture radar and LiDAR for above-ground biomass estimation in Glen Affric, Scotland   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantifying above-ground biomass (AGB) and carbon sequestration has been a significant focus of attention within the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol for improvement of national carbon accounting systems (IPCC, 2007; UNFCCC, ...

Tan, Chue Poh

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

154

Inversion of synthetic aperture radar interferograms for sources of production-related subsidence at the Dixie Valley geothermal field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

site and the Okuaizu geothermal field, Japan", Geothermics,at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field, Baja California,and seismicity in the Coso geothermal area, Inyo County,

Foxall, B.; Vasco, D.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Use of synthetic aperture radar for offshore wind resource assessment and wind farm development in the UK   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The UK has an abundant offshore wind resource with offshore wind farming set to grow rapidly over the coming years. Optimisation of energy production is of the utmost importance and accurate estimates of wind speed distributions are critical...

Cameron, Iain Dickson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

aperture shield materials: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

aperture shield materials First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Light-weight Flexible...

157

Radar investigation of the Hockley salt dome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Geophysics RADAR INVESTIGATION OF THE HOCKLEY SALT DOME A Thesis by UAMES ANDREW HLUCHANEK A'pproved as to style and content by: (Head of Departme t ? Member) May 1. 973 ABSTRACT Radar investigation of the Hockley Salt Dome. . (Nay, 1973) James.... THE PROBLEM. Page A. Probing into Unknown Areas in Salt. . B. Equipment Used. II. BACKGROUND MATERIAL. A. Geology of the Hockley Area. . . B. Economic History of the Hockley Dome Area. . 6 1. Oil 2. Gypsum. 3. Salt C. Geophysical Surveys Over...

Hluchanek, James Andrew

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture diffractive space Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for: aperture diffractive space Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 20 May 2011: PHYS 252 Wave Optics (Chapter 22) Summary: -Wesley. Circular-Aperture Diffraction Light of wavelength...

159

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture lightweight space Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

binary search spaces. An aperture pattern k... , "Coded aperture imaging in X- and Gamma- ray astronomy," Space Science Reviews, pp. 349-403, 1987. 2 9... What are Good...

160

Ground Penetrating Radar in Hydrogeophysics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To meet the needs of a growing population and to provide us with a higher quality of life, increasing pressures are being placed on our environment through the development of agriculture, industry, and infrastructures. Soil erosion, groundwater depletion, salinization, and pollution have been recognized for decades as major threats to ecosystems and human health. More recently, the progressive substitution of fossil fuels by biofuels for energy production and climate change have been recognized as potential threats to our water resources and sustained agricultural productivity. The vadose zone mediates many of the processes that govern water resources and quality, such as the partition of precipitation into infiltration and runoff , groundwater recharge, contaminant transport, plant growth, evaporation, and energy exchanges between the Earth's surface and its atmosphere. It also determines soil organic carbon sequestration and carbon-cycle feedbacks, which could substantially impact climate change. The vadose zone's inherent spatial variability and inaccessibility precludes direct observation of the important subsurface processes. In a societal context where the development of sustainable and optimal environmental management strategies has become a priority, there is a strong prerequisite for the development of noninvasive characterization and monitoring techniques of the vadose zone. In particular, hydrogeophysical approaches applied at relevant scales are required to appraise dynamic subsurface phenomena and to develop optimal sustainability, exploitation, and remediation strategies. Among existing geophysical techniques, ground penetrating radar (GPR) technology is of particular interest for providing high-resolution subsurface images and specifically addressing water-related questions. Ground penetrating radar is based on the transmission and reception of VHF-UHF (30-3000 MHz) electromagnetic waves into the ground, whose propagation is determined by the soil electromagnetic properties and their spatial distribution. As the dielectric permittivity of water overwhelms the permittivity of other soil components, the presence of water in the soil principally governs GPR wave propagation. Therefore, GPR-derived dielectric permittivity is usually used as surrogate measure for soil water content. In the areas of unsaturated zone hydrology and water resources, GPR has been used to identify soil stratigraphy, to locate water tables, to follow wetting front movement, to estimate soil water content, to assist in subsurface hydraulic parameter identification, to assess soil salinity, and to support the monitoring of contaminants. The purpose of this special section of the Vadose Zone Journal is to present recent research advances and applications of GPR in hydrogeophysics, with a particular emphasis on vadose zone investigations. This special section includes contributions presented at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2006 (EGU 2006, Vienna, Austria) and the 11th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR 2006, Columbus, OH). The studies presented here deal with a wide range of surface and borehole GPR applications, including GPR sensitivity to contaminant plumes, new methods for soil water content determination, three-dimensional imaging of the subsurface, time-lapse monitoring of hydrodynamic events and inversion techniques for soil hydraulic properties estimation, and joint interpretation of GPR and electric resistivity tomography (ERT) data.

Hubbard, Susan; Lambot, S.; Binley, A.; Slob, E.; Hubbard, S.

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

PNP - a new class of coded aperture arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on a new class of coded aperture arrays which has all the desirable imaging characteristics of the Uniformly Redundant Array (URA), yet is constructible in dimensions which are forbidden to that design. In addition, the new arrays (called PNP arrays, for Pseudo-Noise Product) are of self-supporting geometry, simplifying fabrication and making them ideal candidates for situations where active collimators are employed, as for example in high-energy ..gamma..-ray imaging. A unique and important feature of all PNP arrays is the ability to produce reconstructed images whose noise is uniform regardless of the original source structure. A comparison of the predicted performance of the PNP, URA, GEOMETRIC, and PINHOLE designs is presented. Coded aperture imaging, which utilizes position-sensitive detectors, was first proposed as a means for detecting x-ray and gamma sources.

Gottesman, S.R.; Schneid, E.J.

1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The European Weather Radar Network (OPERA): An opportunity for hydrology!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the European level dates back to COST 72 (Measurement of precipitation by radar) which started in 1979The European Weather Radar Network (OPERA): An opportunity for hydrology! Iwan Holleman1 , Laurent (EARS), Ljubljana (Slovenia). 1 Introduction The tradition of weather radar collaboration

Stoffelen, Ad

163

Educational Innovations in Radar Meteorology Prof. S. A. Rutledge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the most memorable aspects of your graduate level education in radar meteorology? 2. Briefly describe and integrating the radar measurements with other observations #12;NCAR CPNCAR CP--3 and CP3 and CP--3 mobile C3Educational Innovations in Radar Meteorology Prof. S. A. Rutledge Department of Atmospheric Science

Rutledge, Steven

164

Tracking butterfly flight paths across the landscape with harmonic radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tracking butterfly flight paths across the landscape with harmonic radar E. T. Cant1,*, A. D. Smith of five butterfly species were successfully tracked using harmonic radar within an agricultural landscape. Keywords: butterfly flight; harmonic radar; linear landscape features; Aglais urticae; Inachis io 1

Northampton, University of

165

Some non-precipitation radar echoes as observed by CPS-9 radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's curvature, which caused the cell to lie below the radar bean. The decelerating gust line passed the radar station at 2304Z; its position at 2322Z is shown in (Figure ld, 5 mi markers). A wind-direction change of 60 deg and a wind speed in- 35 crease... markers) formed behind the second. The parent cell moved some 10 mi during the hour of its life cycle, and the gust lines dissipated before reaching the radar. At 0240Z the aerovane (not shown) showed a 55 deg shift in wind direction with a speed of 5...

Luckenbach, Guenther Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

166

USAGE OF RADARS FOR WIND ENERGY APPICATIONS Determine the benefit of using radar observations for wind energy applications by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USAGE OF RADARS FOR WIND ENERGY APPICATIONS TASK: Determine the benefit of using radar observations for wind energy applications by analyzing i) the resolution effects and ii) sensitivity effects of weather radar systems. MOTIVATION: Wind energy applications strongly focus high-resolution wind observations

167

Signal to Noise Analysis of iRadar sensors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document follows my process of testing; comparing; and contrasting several iRadars signal to noise ratios for both HH and VV polarization. A brief introduction is given explaining the basics of iRadar technology and what data I was collecting. The process section explains the steps I took to collect my data along with any procedures I followed. The analysis section compares and contrasts five different radars and the two different polarizations. The analysis also details the radars viewing limitations and area. Finally, the report delves into the effects of two radars interfering with each other. A conclusion goes over the success and findings of the project.

Fritzke, A; Top, P

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

168

Transmitter passband requirements for imaging radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In high-power microwave power amplifiers for radar, distortion in both amplitude and phase should generally be expected. Phase distortions can be readily equalized. Some amplitude distortions are more problematic than others. In general, especially for SAR using LFM chirps, low frequency modulations such as gain slopes can be tolerated much better than multiple cycles of ripple across the passband of the waveform.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Doppler Radar Wind Profiles Iwan Holleman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The potential impact of a network of boundary layer wind profilers and sodars for mesoscale wind analysisDoppler Radar Wind Profiles Iwan Holleman Scientific Report, KNMI WR-2003-02, 2003 #12;2 #12 Strategy 18 3 Methods for Wind Profile Retrieval 25 3.1 Radial Velocity from Local Wind Model 25 3

Stoffelen, Ad

170

Coded aperture imaging with self-supporting uniformly redundant arrays  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-supporting uniformly redundant array pattern for coded aperture imaging. The present invention utilizes holes which are an integer times smaller in each direction than holes in conventional URA patterns. A balance correlation function is generated where holes are represented by 1's, nonholes are represented by -1's, and supporting area is represented by 0's. The self-supporting array can be used for low energy applications where substrates would greatly reduce throughput. The balance correlation response function for the self-supporting array pattern provides an accurate representation of the source of nonfocusable radiation.

Fenimore, Edward E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Design of thick aperture for fine-resolution neutron penumbral imaging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compact sources of 14-MeV neutrons have been imaged with a penumbral-coded aperture at a two-point resolution of 80{mu}m. We desire to improve the penumbral-aperture microscope to obtain resolutions as fine as 10{mu}m. In penumbral-coded-aperture imaging, the resolution is ultimately limited by the sharpness of the aperture point-spread function. I present a design for a thick penumbral aperture that provides the desired sharpness over a field of view of 150{mu}m. The point-spread function of these apertures is sufficiently isoplanatic and distortion-free to allow linear reconstruction of complex source distributions. The designs is generally appropriate for similar imaging techniques, such as fine-resolution neutron or gamma-ray pinhole imaging. 5 refs., 5 figs.

Ress, D.

1989-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

172

Aperture-based antihydrogen gravity experiment: Parallel plate geometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An analytical model and a Monte Carlo simulation are presented of an experiment that could be used to determine the direction of the acceleration of antihydrogen due to gravity. The experiment would rely on methods developed by existing antihydrogen research collaborations. The configuration consists of two circular, parallel plates that have an axis of symmetry directed away from the center of the earth. The plates are separated by a small vertical distance, and include one or more pairs of circular barriers that protrude from the upper and lower plates, thereby forming an aperture between the plates. Antihydrogen annihilations that occur just beyond each barrier, within a “shadow” region, are asymmetric on the upper plate relative to the lower plate. The probability for such annihilations is determined for a point, line and spheroidal source of antihydrogen. The production of 100,000 antiatoms is predicted to be necessary for the aperture-based experiment to indicate the direction of free fall acceleration of antimatter, provided that antihydrogen is produced within a sufficiently small antiproton plasma at a temperature of 4 K.

Rocha, J. R.; Hedlof, R. M.; Ordonez, C. A. [Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas 76203 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

A thermal neutron source imager using coded apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To facilitate the process of re-entry vehicle on-site inspections, it would be useful to have an imaging technique which would allow the counting of deployed multiple nuclear warheads without significant disassembly of a missile`s structure. Since neutrons cannot easily be shielded without massive amounts of materials, they offer a means of imaging the separate sources inside a sealed vehicle. Thermal neutrons carry no detailed spectral information, so their detection should not be as intrusive as gamma ray imaging. A prototype device for imaging at close range with thermal neutrons has been constructed using an array of {sup 3}He position-sensitive gas proportional counters combined with a uniformly redundant coded aperture array. A sealed {sup 252}Cf source surrounded by a polyethylene moderator is used as a test source. By means of slit and pinhole experiments, count rates of image-forming neutrons (those which cast a shadow of a Cd aperture on the detector) are compared with the count rates for background neutrons. The resulting ratio, which limits the available image contrast, is measured as a function of distance from the source. The envelope of performance of the instrument is defined by the contrast ratio, the angular resolution, and the total count rate as a function of distance from the source. These factors will determine whether such an instrument could be practical as a tool for treaty verification.

Vanier, P.E.; Forman, L.; Selcow, E.C.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Apparatus and method for deterministic control of surface figure during full aperture polishing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A polishing system configured to polish a lap includes a lap configured to contact a workpiece for polishing the workpiece; and a septum configured to contact the lap. The septum has an aperture formed therein. The radius of the aperture and radius the workpiece are substantially the same. The aperture and the workpiece have centers disposed at substantially the same radial distance from a center of the lap. The aperture is disposed along a first radial direction from the center of the lap, and the workpiece is disposed along a second radial direction from the center of the lap. The first and second radial directions may be opposite directions.

Suratwala, Tayyab Ishaq; Feit, Michael Dennis; Steele, William Augustus

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture uvoir space Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 52 Quantum Coherence in a Superfluid Josephson Junction Supradeep Narayana and Yuki Sato Summary: of 75 75 60 nm apertures...

176

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens M. S, representing the highest resolution subsurface thermography to date. Keywords: thermal imaging, high

177

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture restriction localisation Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 2 Abstract: A new design methodology for a stripline-to-microstrip-line coupler using apertures in their common...

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - aluminum oxide aperture Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aluminum oxide aperture Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 EFFECTS OF INTERFERENCE AND OXIDATION ON...

179

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced technology large-aperture Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Advanced Photonix). These diodes were chosen for two reasons. First... pulsed terahertz emitter, a large-aperture GaAs photoconductive switch, is carried out. It is...

180

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture tabletop soft Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition... Light Fields and Coded Aperture Refocusing, in proceedings of ACM SIGGRAPH 2007 (ACM Transactions... - denheimer,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

E-Print Network 3.0 - apertures ii theoretical Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 39, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2001 291 Image Reconstruction and Enhanced Resolution Summary: imposed by the aperture function nulls...

182

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture synthesis observations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Canarias Collection: Physics 77 Image and Depth from a Conventional Camera with a Coded Aperture Anat Levin Rob Fergus Fredo Durand William T. Freeman Summary: Image and Depth...

183

A WhatandWhere Fusion Neural Network for Recognition and Tracking of Multiple Radar Emitters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is proposed for classification of radar pulses in autonomous Electronic Support Measure systems. Radar type a high level of performance on complex, incomplete and overlapping radar data. #12; 1 Introduction RadarA What­and­Where Fusion Neural Network for Recognition and Tracking of Multiple Radar Emitters Eric

Grossberg, Stephen

184

Development of a Drillrod/Telemetry Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient extraction of deeply buried natural resources is dependent upon accurate geologic models. The model becomes the basis for developing plans for extraction of the resource. Geoscientists working in geothermal and hydrocarbon recovery have a great deal in common with fellow geoscientists working in the mining industry. They appreciate the intractable problem of increasing the depth of investigation to tens of meters from the wellbore. The goal of this project was to develop a borehole radar tool to acquire data within tens of meters from the wellbore. For geothermal and hydrocarbon applications, the tool was to acquire data for mapping fractures surrounding the wellbore. In mining of coal, the radar acquires data for determining coal seam thickness and detecting geologic anomalies ahead of mining.

Raton Technology Research, Inc.

1999-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

185

Hybrid Compton camera/coded aperture imaging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system in one embodiment includes an array of radiation detectors; and an array of imagers positioned behind the array of detectors relative to an expected trajectory of incoming radiation. A method in another embodiment includes detecting incoming radiation with an array of radiation detectors; detecting the incoming radiation with an array of imagers positioned behind the array of detectors relative to a trajectory of the incoming radiation; and performing at least one of Compton imaging using at least the imagers and coded aperture imaging using at least the imagers. A method in yet another embodiment includes detecting incoming radiation with an array of imagers positioned behind an array of detectors relative to a trajectory of the incoming radiation; and performing Compton imaging using at least the imagers.

Mihailescu, Lucian (Livermore, CA); Vetter, Kai M. (Alameda, CA)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Balloon-borne Large Aperture Sub-millimetre Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Balloon-borne Large-Aperture Sub-millimetre Telescope (BLAST) will operate on a Long Duration Balloon platform with large format bolometer arrays at 250, 350 and 500 microns, initially using a 2m mirror, with plans to increase to 2.5m. BLAST is a collaboration between scientists in the USA, Canada, UK, Italy and Mexico. Funding has been approved and it is now in its building phase. The test flight is scheduled for 2002, with the first long duration flight the following year. The scientific goals are to learn about the nature of distant extragalactic star forming galaxies and cold pre-stellar sources by making deep maps both at high and low galactic latitudes. BLAST will be useful for planning Herschel key projects which use SPIRE.

Douglas Scott; the BLAST Team

2001-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

187

The role of the solvent viscosity on the spatiotemporal instabilities of large aperture dye lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of the solvent viscosity on the spatiotemporal instabilities of large aperture dye lasers for publication 27 May 1998 Local intensity fluctuations in a large aperture dye laser have been measured of Physics. S0003-6951 98 00131-4 High energy flash-lamp pumped dye lasers are charac- terized by a large

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

188

The role of the molecular dynamics in the local intensity instabilities of large aperture dye lasers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The role of the molecular dynamics in the local intensity instabilities of large aperture dye fluctuations of large aperture dye lasers, and find dependencies on solvent viscosity and active molecular size dye lasers are used in a great deal of practical applications, from isotope enrichment to photody

Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

189

The use of composite radar photographs in synoptic weather analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 'Weather Su"eau radar ste- tions have been collecting radar observations. These observations were in the form of time lapse motion pictures of their' ppl scopes made during periods when precipitation echoes vere present. The photographic records thus... TEE MATERIALS USED AND TSE STORMS STUDIED The materials used in this study were (I) X6 xxu aud 33 xxx photosraphic records of ppl scopee at several staticuii; (I) a Seiiei of . hourly composite radar photodraphs of storms which occurred on 27 May...

Smith, G. D.

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Hydraulic transmissivity and heat exchange efficiency of open fractures: a model based on lowpass filtered apertures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Natural open joints in rocks commonly present multi-scale self-affine apertures. This geometrical complexity affects fluid transport and heat exchange between the flow- ing fluid and the surrounding rock. In particular, long range correlations of self-affine apertures induce strong channeling of the flow which influences both mass and heat advection. A key question is to find a geometrical model of the complex aperture that describes at best the macroscopic properties (hydraulic conductivity, heat exchange) with the smallest number of parameters. Solving numerically the Stokes and heat equa- tions with a lubrication approximation, we show that a low pass filtering of the aperture geometry provides efficient estimates of the effective hydraulic and thermal properties (apertures). A detailed study of the influence of the bandwidth of the lowpass filtering on these transport properties is also performed. For instance, keeping the information of amplitude only of the largest Fourier length scales allows us to rea...

Neuville, Amélie; Schmittbuhl, Jean; 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05126.x

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Raindrop size distributions and radar reflectivity-rain rate relationships for radar hydrology Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(4), 615627 (2001) EGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raindrop size distributions and radar reflectivity-rain rate relationships for radar hydrology 615 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 5(4), 615­627 (2001) © EGS Raindrop size distributions and radar reflectivity­rain rate relationships for radar hydrology* Remko Uijlenhoet1 Sub-department Water Resources

Boyer, Edmond

192

Sandia National Laboratories: Siting: Wind Turbine/Radar Interference...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and MIT Lincoln Laboratory). The goal is to overcome interference caused by wind turbines on civilian and military radar systems by developing site planning tools,...

193

INTERAGENCY FIELD TEST & EVALUATION OF WIND TURBINE - RADAR INTERFEREN...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the tests and 2) summaries of three field tests designed to measure the impact of wind turbines on current air surveillance radars and the effectiveness of private sector...

194

NNSA Completes its Critical Radar Arming and Fuzing Test for...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

its Critical Radar Arming and Fuzing Test for the W88 ALT 370 | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile...

195

Ka-Band ARM Zenith Radar (KAZR) Instrument Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Ka-band ARM zenith radar (KAZR) is a zenith-pointing Doppler cloud radar operating at approximately 35 GHz. The KAZR is an evolutionary follow-on radar to ARM's widely successful millimeter-wavelength cloud radar (MMCR). The main purpose of the KAZR is to provide vertical profiles of clouds by measuring the first three Doppler moments: reflectivity, radial Doppler velocity, and spectra width. At the sites where the dual-polarization measurements are made, the Doppler moments for the cross-polarization channel are also available. In addition to the moments, velocity spectra are also continuously recorded for each range gate.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N; Johnson, K

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

196

Development and characterization analysis of a radar polarimeter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF FIGURES FIGURE 2a 2b 3a 3b Sa 5b 10 12 13 14 The Typical Radar-to-Target Geometry. Block Diagram of Frequency Modulated Continuous Wave Radar System. Simplified Frequency Modulated-Continuous Wave Radar System. Block Diagram of a Pulse... 8-1 8-2 C-I C-2 C-3 Approximation Nethod for Focusing the Antenna Pair at Some Height h . Linear FM Pulse Compression . . Signal Characteristics of FM Pulse Radar System Frequency and Time Representation of the filter Response. The Block...

Bong, Soei Siang

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

E-Print Network 3.0 - asteroid radar astronomy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

radar astronomy Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: asteroid radar astronomy Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Mechanics of Moving...

198

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne doppler radar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

during the austral summer. The study uses Doppler radar data... to understand this phenomenol- ogy because the convection was sampled by ship and aircraft Doppler radars over......

199

Aperture-Tolerant, Chemical-Based Methods to Reduce Channeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This final technical progress report describes work performed from October 1, 2004, through May 16, 2007, for the project, 'Aperture-Tolerant, Chemical-Based Methods to Reduce Channeling'. We explored the potential of pore-filling gels for reducing excess water production from both fractured and unfractured production wells. Several gel formulations were identified that met the requirements--i.e., providing water residual resistance factors greater than 2,000 and ultimate oil residual resistance factors (F{sub rro}) of 2 or less. Significant oil throughput was required to achieve low F{sub rro} values, suggesting that gelant penetration into porous rock must be small (a few feet or less) for existing pore-filling gels to provide effective disproportionate permeability reduction. Compared with adsorbed polymers and weak gels, strong pore-filling gels can provide greater reliability and behavior that is insensitive to the initial rock permeability. Guidance is provided on where relative-permeability-modification/disproportionate-permeability-reduction treatments can be successfully applied for use in either oil or gas production wells. When properly designed and executed, these treatments can be successfully applied to a limited range of oilfield excessive-water-production problems. We examined whether gel rheology can explain behavior during extrusion through fractures. The rheology behavior of the gels tested showed a strong parallel to the results obtained from previous gel extrusion experiments. However, for a given aperture (fracture width or plate-plate separation), the pressure gradients measured during the gel extrusion experiments were much higher than anticipated from rheology measurements. Extensive experiments established that wall slip and first normal stress difference were not responsible for the pressure gradient discrepancy. To explain the discrepancy, we noted that the aperture for gel flow (for mobile gel wormholing through concentrated immobile gel within the fracture) was much narrower than the width of the fracture. The potential of various approaches were investigated for improving sweep in parts of the Daqing Oil Field that have been EOR targets. Possibilities included (1) gel treatments that are directed at channeling through fractures, (2) colloidal dispersion gels, (3) reduced polymer degradation, (4) more viscous polymer solutions, and (5) foams and other methods. Fractures were present in a number of Daqing wells (both injectors and producers). Because the fractures were narrow far from the wellbore, severe channeling did not occur. On the contrary, fractures near the wellbore aided reservoir sweep. In the February 2006 issue of the Journal of Petroleum Technology, a 'Distinguished-Author-Series' paper claimed that a process using aqueous colloidal dispersion gels (CDG gels) performed superior to polymer flooding. Unfortunately, this claim is misleading and generally incorrect. Colloidal dispersion gels, in their present state of technological development, should not be advocated as an improvement to, or substitute for, polymer flooding.

Randall S. Seright

2007-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

Greenland snow accumulation estimates from satellite radar scatterometer data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Greenland snow accumulation estimates from satellite radar scatterometer data Mark R. Drinkwater accumulation on the Greenland ice sheet. Microwave radar backscatter images of Greenland are derived using (or decrease) in net snow accumulation on the polar ice caps. The net mass balance of the Greenland

Long, David G.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Radar-cross-section reduction of wind turbines. part 1.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, increasing deployment of large wind-turbine farms has become an issue of growing concern for the radar community. The large radar cross section (RCS) presented by wind turbines interferes with radar operation, and the Doppler shift caused by blade rotation causes problems identifying and tracking moving targets. Each new wind-turbine farm installation must be carefully evaluated for potential disruption of radar operation for air defense, air traffic control, weather sensing, and other applications. Several approaches currently exist to minimize conflict between wind-turbine farms and radar installations, including procedural adjustments, radar upgrades, and proper choice of low-impact wind-farm sites, but each has problems with limited effectiveness or prohibitive cost. An alternative approach, heretofore not technically feasible, is to reduce the RCS of wind turbines to the extent that they can be installed near existing radar installations. This report summarizes efforts to reduce wind-turbine RCS, with a particular emphasis on the blades. The report begins with a survey of the wind-turbine RCS-reduction literature to establish a baseline for comparison. The following topics are then addressed: electromagnetic model development and validation, novel material development, integration into wind-turbine fabrication processes, integrated-absorber design, and wind-turbine RCS modeling. Related topics of interest, including alternative mitigation techniques (procedural, at-the-radar, etc.), an introduction to RCS and electromagnetic scattering, and RCS-reduction modeling techniques, can be found in a previous report.

Brock, Billy C.; Loui, Hung; McDonald, Jacob J.; Paquette, Joshua A.; Calkins, David A.; Miller, William K.; Allen, Steven E.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Patitz, Ward E.

2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

INTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS USING SATELLITE RADAR ALTIMETRY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

latitude coverage Earth Satellite Altimeters Altimeter measures geocentric sea level and ice sheet instrument has been developed at JPL using the principle of radar interferometry · The new measurementINTERDISCIPLINARY SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS USING SATELLITE RADAR ALTIMETRY C.K. SHUM EE Wave

203

Lake level variations from satellite radar altimetry with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lake level variations from satellite radar altimetry with retracking of multi-leading edge Shirzad level measurements Increase the number of reliable observations particularly in the shoreline cm Descending tracks Time [year] Waterlevel[m]Lake level variations from satellite radar altimetry

Stuttgart, Universität

204

Doppler Radar Wind Profiles Iwan Holleman (holleman@knmi.nl)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is required before it can be presented to users or assimilated into numerical weather prediction (NWP) models Institute (KNMI), The Netherlands ABSTRACT Doppler weather radars can be employed to determine wind profiles profiles has been performed at KNMI. The verification results indicate that weather radars can provide high

Stoffelen, Ad

205

An analysis of radar estimated precipitation to rain gauge measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the surface. These levels included 1.0 1.5@ 2.0 @ 2.5 km, and 3.0 km. Radar precipitation estimates were calculated at each 1.4 2 level using Z = 30ORand Z = 25OR" . The precipitation amounts, as measured by both the gauges and the radar,were used...

Gleason, Byron Edward

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Radar and sonar probing of potash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technique to detect reflections at distances greater than 200 m from clay-salt and clay-anhydrite interfaces. In 1972 Holser et al. mapped the flanks of the Pine Prairie salt dome using a radar logging tool with a 1 microsecond pulse at 230 MHz and a... the first four systems Unterberger (1974) mapped the roof of a tunnel in salt and obtained reflections from salt dome flanks, salt pillars and the tops of salt domes. Hluchanek (1973) used the 440 MHz system to map the top of the salt in the United Salt...

Lopez Aguilar, Luis Felipe

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

ARM - Field Campaign - NSA Scanning Radar IOP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD) by Microtops Atmospheric Optical Depth (AOD) by Microtops ARMgovCampaignsNSA Scanning Radar IOP ARM

208

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The W-band Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud Radar (WACR) systems are zenith pointing Doppler radars that probe the extent and composition of clouds at 95.04 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., cloud bottoms and tops). This radar reports estimates for the first three spectra moments for each range gate up to 15 km. The 0th moment is reflectivity, the 1st moment is radial velocity, and the 2nd moment is spectral width. Also available are the raw spectra files. Unlike the millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR), the WACR does not use pulse coding and operates in only copolarization and cross-polarization modes.

Widener, KB; Johnson, K

2005-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

209

Design considerations for a large aperture high field superconducting dipole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The final phase of the Fermilab upgrade proposal calls for a new ring of superconducting magnets to be placed in the existing Main Accelerator tunnel. The goal of this design study is to specify a high field dipole (HFD) that is capable of supporting fixed target operation (ramping, resonant extraction) at a field of 6.6T (1.5 Tev) and colliding beam physics at 8.0T (1.8 Tev). The magnetic field quality at high field is set by the large amplitude orbits associated with resonant extraction. The field quality must therefore be at least as good as the existing Tevatron magnets which fulfill these criteria. The high fields and large aperture of this magnet result in large forces on the coil and collar assemblies. Therefore, the cold mass design must be able to sustain these forces while providing sufficient cooling to the coils during 4.2 K fixed target operation, and a minimum heat load during 1.8 K collider operation. The design work is still in progress but a cosine-theta, cold-iron dipole with a 70mm inner diameter coil has been tentatively adopted. This report presents details on the conductor and cable parameters, coil cross-section, projected manufacturing tolerances, iron yoke design, and cold mass assembly. 4 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Harfoush, F.; Ankenbrandt, C.; Harrison, M.; Kerby, J.; Koepke, K.; Mantsch, P.; Nicol, T.; Riddiford, A.; Theilacker, J.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Constraints on flow regimes in wide-aperture fractures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, significant advances have been made in our understanding of the complex flow processes in individual fractures, aided by flow visualization experiments and conceptual modeling efforts. These advances have led to the recognition of several flow regimes in individual fractures subjected to different initial and boundary conditions. Of these, the most important regimes are film flow, rivulet flow, and sliding of droplets. The existence of such significantly dissimilar flow regimes has been a major hindrance in the development of self-consistent conceptual models of flow for single fractures that encompass all the flow regimes. The objective of this study is to delineate the existence of the different flow regimes in individual fractures. For steady-state flow conditions, we developed physical constraints on the different flow regimes that satisfy minimum energy configurations, which enabled us to segregate the wide range of fracture transmissivity (volumetric flow rate per fracture width) into several flow regimes. These are, in increasing order of flow rate, flow of adsorbed films, flow of sliding drops, rivulet flow, stable film flow, and unstable (turbulent) film flow. The scope of this study is limited to wide-aperture fractures with the flow on the opposing sides of fracture being independent.

Ghezzehei, Teamrat A.

2004-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

211

LAGOVirtual: A Collaborative Environment for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the LAGOVirtual Project: an ongoing project to develop platform to collaborate in the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO). This continental-wide observatory is devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). This platform will allow LAGO collaboration to share data, and computer resources through its different sites. This environment has the possibility to generate synthetic data by simulating the showers through AIRES application and to store/preserve distributed data files collected by the WCD at the LAGO sites. The present article concerns the implementation of a prototype of LAGO-DR adapting DSpace, with a hierarchical structure (i.e. country, institution, followed by collections that contain the metadata and data files), for the captured/simulate...

Camacho, R; Diaz, G; Guada, C; Hamar, V; Hoeger, H; Melfo, A; Nunez, L A; Perez, Y; Quintero, C; Rosales, M; Torrens, R

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

LAGOVirtual: A Collaborative Environment for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the LAGOVirtual Project: an ongoing project to develop platform to collaborate in the Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO). This continental-wide observatory is devised to detect high energy (around 100 GeV) component of Gamma Ray Bursts, by using the single particle technique in arrays of Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) at high mountain sites (Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5300 m a.s.l., Pico Espejo, Venezuela, 4750 m a.s.l., Sierra Negra, Mexico, 4650 m a.s.l). This platform will allow LAGO collaboration to share data, and computer resources through its different sites. This environment has the possibility to generate synthetic data by simulating the showers through AIRES application and to store/preserve distributed data files collected by the WCD at the LAGO sites. The present article concerns the implementation of a prototype of LAGO-DR adapting DSpace, with a hierarchical structure (i.e. country, institution, followed by collections that contain the metadata and data files), for the captured/simulated data. This structure was generated by using the community, sub-community, collection, item model; available at the DSpace software. Each member institution-country of the project has the appropriate permissions on the system to publish information (descriptive metadata and associated data files). The platform can also associate multiple files to each item of data (data from the instruments, graphics, postprocessed-data, etc.).

R. Camacho; R. Chacon; G. Diaz; C. Guada; V. Hamar; H. Hoeger; A. Melfo; L. A. Nunez; Y. Perez; C. Quintero; M. Rosales; R. Torrens; the LAGO Collaboration

2009-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

213

Assembly flow simulation of a radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A discrete event simulation model has been developed to predict the assembly flow time of a new radar product. The simulation was the key tool employed to identify flow constraints. The radar, production facility, and equipment complement were designed, arranged, and selected to provide the most manufacturable assembly possible. A goal was to reduce the assembly and testing cycle time from twenty-six weeks to six weeks. A computer software simulation package (SLAM II) was utilized as the foundation a for simulating the assembly flow time. FORTRAN subroutines were incorporated into the software to deal with unique flow circumstances that were not accommodated by the software. Detailed information relating to the assembly operations was provided by a team selected from the engineering, manufacturing management, inspection, and production assembly staff. The simulation verified that it would be possible to achieve the cycle time goal of six weeks. Equipment and manpower constraints were identified during the simulation process and adjusted as required to achieve the flow with a given monthly production requirement. The simulation is being maintained as a planning tool to be used to identify constraints in the event that monthly output is increased. ``What-if`` studies have been conducted to identify the cost of reducing constraints caused by increases in output requirement.

Rutherford, W.C.; Biggs, P.M.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture based imrt Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the values of EUD were calculated. (3) Simulation of IMRT... is the direct aperture optimization (DAO) method. The IMRT plans generated by DAO can be delivered within 10 min......

215

E-Print Network 3.0 - array aperture probes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

29 NEAR-FIELD SCANNING OPTICAL MICRO PROBE INTEGRATED WITH ANANOMETER-SIZED LIGHT EMITTING DIODE Summary: apertures2,3 and probes with a light absorbing gold particle or a...

216

E-Print Network 3.0 - apertures Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sato Summary: in which we take an array of nanoscale apertures that form a superfluid 4He Josephson junction and apply... quantum phase gradients directly along the array. We...

217

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture grb observatory Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Mathematics 8 arXiv:astro-ph9711245v120Nov1997 To be published in "Gamma-Ray Bursts, 4th Huntsville Symposium", 1998, ed. Summary: aperture to the APT, but has a...

218

Location and mechanism of the Little Skull Mountain earthquake as constrained by satellite radar interferometry and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

designed to measure the strain rate across the region around Yucca Mountain. The LSM earthquake complicates parameters; 7260 Seismology: Theory and modeling; KEYWORDS: InSAR, joint inversion, seismic, Yucca Mountain 1. Introduction [2] Yucca Mountain, a proposed long-term (103 ­105 years) disposal site for high-level radioactive

219

UWB RADAR IMAGING SYSTEM WITH TWO-ELEMENT RECEIVING ARRAY ANTENNA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-domain focusing and imaging. Simulated and measured radar images demonstrate radar operation to map out a person considerably the level of signals scat- tered by background beyond the radar FOV. Those high-performed antennaUWB RADAR IMAGING SYSTEM WITH TWO-ELEMENT RECEIVING ARRAY ANTENNA Dmitriy L. Sostanovsky1

Southern California, University of

220

Observed radar reflectivity in convectively coupled Kelvin and mixed Rossby-gravity waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be measurable from surface gauges (>0.5 mm/hr). Addition- ally, the area of radar echo at each height of a normalized probability density function (PDF) of radar echo intensity at that level. Our analysis uses radarObserved radar reflectivity in convectively coupled Kelvin and mixed Rossby-gravity waves A. Swann

Yuter, Sandra

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The inuence of the interplanetary medium on SuperDARN radar scattering occurrence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the frequency range 8±20 MHz (Greenwald et al., 1995). The level of scatter measured by the radars is highlyThe in¯uence of the interplanetary medium on SuperDARN radar scattering occurrence P. Ballatore1- planetary medium on the radar scattering occurrence, related to the whole array of SuperDARN radars

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

222

Geomorphic Evaluation of Radar Imagery of Southeastern Panama and Northwestern Colombia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

directly from radar imagery . • • • • . • • • . • • . • • Radar chips from the four major landform regions in Darien Province I Panama: plains, low hills I high hills, and mountains. • • • . • . • • . • . . . Comparison of radar imagery and topographic...-Derived Terrain Slope (a) Data for Darien Province I Panama - Plains. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 132 Cumulative Frequency Curves of Radar-Derived Terrain Slope (a) Data for Darien Province I Panama - Low Hills. • . . • • • . . • • . . • • • . 133...

Lewis, Anthony J.

1971-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Multipinhole collimator with 20 apertures for a brain SPECT application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Several new technologies for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) instrumentation with parallel-hole collimation have been proposed to improve detector sensitivity and signal collection efficiency. Benefits from improved signal efficiency include shorter acquisition times and lower dose requirements. In this paper, the authors show a possibility of over an order of magnitude enhancement in photon detection efficiency (from 7.6 × 10{sup ?5} to 1.6 × 10{sup ?3}) for dopamine transporter (DaT) imaging of the striatum over the conventional SPECT parallel-hole collimators by use of custom-designed 20 multipinhole (20-MPH) collimators with apertures of 0.75 cm diameter. Methods: Quantifying specific binding ratio (SBR) of {sup 123}I-ioflupane or {sup 123}I-iometopane’s signal at the striatal region is a common brain imaging method to confirm the diagnosis of the Parkinson’s disease. The authors performed imaging of a striatal phantom filled with aqueous solution of I-123 and compared camera recovery ratios of SBR acquired between low-energy high-resolution (LEHR) parallel-hole collimators and 20-MPH collimators. Results: With only two-thirds of total acquisition time (20 min against 30 min), a comparable camera recovery ratio of SBR was achieved using 20-MPH collimators in comparison to that from the LEHR collimator study. Conclusions: Their systematic analyses showed that the 20-MPH collimator could be a promising alternative for the DaT SPECT imaging for brain over the traditional LEHR collimator, which could give both shorter scan time and improved diagnostic accuracy.

Lee, Tzu-Cheng; Ellin, Justin R.; Shrestha, Uttam; Seo, Youngho, E-mail: youngho.seo@ucsf.edu [Physics Research Laboratory, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, California 94107 (United States); Huang, Qiu [School of Biomedical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030 (China); Gullberg, Grant T. [Department of Radiotracer Development and Imaging Technology, Life Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94702 (United States)

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Quality information for radars and radar data I. Holleman, D. Michelson, G. Galli, U. Germann,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.7 Beam attenuation 35 5.8 Wet radome attenuation 36 5.9 Wind turbines 37 5.10 Insects and birds 37 5 and anomalous propagation 51 7.1.3 Birds and actively-flying insects 51 7.2 Weather Radar Wind Profiles 51 7 for wind data 49 7.1 Quality factors for wind data 49 7.1.1 Velocity Aliasing 50 7.1.2 Clutter

Stoffelen, Ad

225

Monitoring internal organ motion with continuous wave radar in CT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To avoid motion artifacts in medical imaging or to minimize the exposure of healthy tissues in radiation therapy, medical devices are often synchronized with the patient's respiratory motion. Today's respiratory motion monitors require additional effort to prepare the patients, e.g., mounting a motion belt or placing an optical reflector on the patient's breast. Furthermore, they are not able to measure internal organ motion without implanting markers. An interesting alternative to assess the patient's organ motion is continuous wave radar. The aim of this work is to design, implement, and evaluate such a radar system focusing on application in CT.Methods: The authors designed a radar system operating in the 860 MHz band to monitor the patient motion. In the intended application of the radar system, the antennas are located close to the patient's body inside the table of a CT system. One receive and four transmitting antennas are used to avoid the requirement of exact patient positioning. The radar waves propagate into the patient's body and are reflected at tissue boundaries, for example at the borderline between muscle and adipose tissue, or at the boundaries of organs. At present, the authors focus on the detection of respiratory motion. The radar system consists of the hardware mentioned above as well as of dedicated signal processing software to extract the desired information from the radar signal. The system was evaluated using simulations and measurements. To simulate the radar system, a simulation model based on radar and wave field equations was designed and 4D respiratory-gated CT data sets were used as input. The simulated radar signals and the measured data were processed in the same way. The radar system hardware and the signal processing algorithms were tested with data from ten volunteers. As a reference, the respiratory motion signal was recorded using a breast belt simultaneously with the radar measurements.Results: Concerning the measurements of the test persons, there is a very good correlation (?= 0.917) between the respiratory motion phases received by the radar system and the external motion monitor. Our concept of using an array of transmitting antennas turned out to be widely insensitive to the positioning of the test persons. A time shift between the respiratory motion curves recorded with the radar system and the motion curves from the external respiratory monitor was observed which indicates a slight difference between internal organ motion and motion detected by the external respiratory monitor. The simulations were in good accordance with the measurements.Conclusions: A continuous wave radar operating in the near field of the antennas can be used to determine the respiratory motion of humans accurately. In contrast to trigger systems used today, the radar system is able to measure motion inside the body. If such a monitor was routinely available in clinical CT, it would be possible optimizing the scan start with respect to the respiratory state of the patient. Breathing commands would potentially widely be avoided, and as far as uncooperative patients or children are concerned, less sedation might be necessary. Further applications of the radar system could be in radiation therapy or interventional imaging for instance.

Pfanner, Florian [Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen–Nürnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany and Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstr. 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany)] [Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen–Nürnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany and Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstr. 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Maier, Joscha [Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Allmendinger, Thomas; Flohr, Thomas [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstr. 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany)] [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstr. 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Kachelrieß, Marc [Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen–Nürnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany and Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen–Nürnberg, 91052 Erlangen, Germany and Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Wide band stepped frequency ground penetrating radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wide band ground penetrating radar system (10) embodying a method wherein a series of radio frequency signals (60) is produced by a single radio frequency source (16) and provided to a transmit antenna (26) for transmission to a target (54) and reflection therefrom to a receive antenna (28). A phase modulator (18) modulates those portion of the radio frequency signals (62) to be transmitted and the reflected modulated signal (62) is combined in a mixer (34) with the original radio frequency signal (60) to produce a resultant signal (53) which is demodulated to produce a series of direct current voltage signals (66) the envelope of which forms a cosine wave shaped plot (68) which is processed by a Fast Fourier Transform unit 44 into frequency domain data (70) wherein the position of a preponderant frequency is indicative of distance to the target (54) and magnitude is indicative of the signature of the target (54).

Bashforth, Michael B. (Buellton, CA); Gardner, Duane (Santa Maria, CA); Patrick, Douglas (Santa Maria, CA); Lewallen, Tricia A. (Ventura, CA); Nammath, Sharyn R. (Santa Barbara, CA); Painter, Kelly D. (Goleta, CA); Vadnais, Kenneth G. (Alexandria, VA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Direct aperture optimization for online adaptive radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is the first investigation of using direct aperture optimization (DAO) for online adaptive radiation therapy (ART). A geometrical model representing the anatomy of a typical prostate case was created. To simulate interfractional deformations, four different anatomical deformations were created by systematically deforming the original anatomy by various amounts (0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.00 cm). We describe a series of techniques where the original treatment plan was adapted in order to correct for the deterioration of dose distribution quality caused by the anatomical deformations. We found that the average time needed to adapt the original plan to arrive at a clinically acceptable plan is roughly half of the time needed for a complete plan regeneration, for all four anatomical deformations. Furthermore, through modification of the DAO algorithm the optimization search space was reduced and the plan adaptation was significantly accelerated. For the first anatomical deformation (0.25 cm), the plan adaptation was six times more efficient than the complete plan regeneration. For the 0.50 and 0.75 cm deformations, the optimization efficiency was increased by a factor of roughly 3 compared to the complete plan regeneration. However, for the anatomical deformation of 1.00 cm, the reduction of the optimization search space during plan adaptation did not result in any efficiency improvement over the original (nonmodified) plan adaptation. The anatomical deformation of 1.00 cm demonstrates the limit of this approach. We propose an innovative approach to online ART in which the plan adaptation and radiation delivery are merged together and performed concurrently--adaptive radiation delivery (ARD). A fundamental advantage of ARD is the fact that radiation delivery can start almost immediately after image acquisition and evaluation. Most of the original plan adaptation is done during the radiation delivery, so the time spent adapting the original plan does not increase the overall time the patient has to spend on the treatment couch. As a consequence, the effective time allotted for plan adaptation is drastically reduced. For the 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 cm anatomical deformations, the treatment time was increased by only 2, 4, and 6 s, respectively, as compared to no plan adaptation. For the anatomical deformation of 1.0 cm the time increase was substantially larger. The anatomical deformation of 1.0 cm represents an extreme case, which is rarely observed for the prostate, and again demonstrates the limit of this approach. ARD shows great potential for an online adaptive method with minimal extension of treatment time.

Mestrovic, Ante; Milette, Marie-Pierre; Nichol, Alan; Clark, Brenda G.; Otto, Karl [Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada and Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada) and Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Centre for the Southern Interior, Kelowna, British Columbia (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada); Medical Physics, Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Centre, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada); Medical Physics, BC Cancer Agency-Vancouver Centre, Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Earth curvature and atmospheric refraction effects on radar signal propagation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The earth isn't flat, and radar beams don't travel straight. This becomes more noticeable as range increases, particularly at shallow depression/grazing angles. This report explores models for characterizing this behavior.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Merging Cloud and Precipitation Radar Data Provides a Better  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Merging Cloud and Precipitation Radar Data Provides a Better View of Tropical Rain Clouds For original submission and image(s), see ARM Research Highlights http:www.arm.gov...

230

Prospects of the WSR-88D Radar for Cloud Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sounding of nonprecipitating clouds with the 10-cm wavelength Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) is discussed. Readily available enhancements to signal processing and volume coverage patterns of the WSR-88D allow observations of a...

Melnikov, Valery M.; Zrni?, Dusan S.; Doviak, Richard J.; Chilson, Phillip B.; Mechem, David B.; Kogan, Yefim L.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Coherent radar ice thickness measurements over the Greenland ice sheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We developed two 150-MHz coherent radar depth sounders for ice thickness measurements over the Greenland ice sheet. We developed one of these using connectorized components and the other using radio frequency integrated circuits (RFICs). Both...

Gogineni, S. Prasad; Tammana, Dilip; Braaten, David A.; Leuschen, C.; Legarsky, J.; Kanagaratnam, P.; Stiles, J.; Allen, C.; Jezek, K.; Akins, T.

2001-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

232

Differences in radar derived rainfall amounts due to sampling intervals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DIFFERENCES IN RADAR DERIVED RAINFALL AMOUNTS DUE TO SAMPLING INTERVALS A Thesis by DAVID JAMES ZDENEK Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1986 Major Subject: Meteorology DIFFERENCES IN RADAR DERIVED RAINFALL AMOUNTS DUE TO SAMPLING INTERVALS A Thesis by DAVID JAMES ZDENEK Approved as to style and content by: eorge L. Huebner (Chairman of Committee) CP~ CG~& Robert C...

Zdenek, David James

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

ASSIMILATION OF DOPPLER RADAR DATA INTO NUMERICAL WEATHER MODELS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the year 2008, the United States National Weather Service (NWS) completed an eight fold increase in sampling capability for weather radars to 250 m resolution. This increase is expected to improve warning lead times by detecting small scale features sooner with increased reliability; however, current NWS operational model domains utilize grid spacing an order of magnitude larger than the radar data resolution, and therefore the added resolution of radar data is not fully exploited. The assimilation of radar reflectivity and velocity data into high resolution numerical weather model forecasts where grid spacing is comparable to the radar data resolution was investigated under a Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) 'quick hit' grant to determine the impact of improved data resolution on model predictions with specific initial proof of concept application to daily Savannah River Site operations and emergency response. Development of software to process NWS radar reflectivity and radial velocity data was undertaken for assimilation of observations into numerical models. Data values within the radar data volume undergo automated quality control (QC) analysis routines developed in support of this project to eliminate empty/missing data points, decrease anomalous propagation values, and determine error thresholds by utilizing the calculated variances among data values. The Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) three dimensional variational data assimilation package (WRF-3DVAR) was used to incorporate the QC'ed radar data into input and boundary conditions. The lack of observational data in the vicinity of SRS available to NWS operational models signifies an important data void where radar observations can provide significant input. These observations greatly enhance the knowledge of storm structures and the environmental conditions which influence their development. As the increase in computational power and availability has made higher resolution real-time model simulations possible, the need to obtain observations to both initialize numerical models and verify their output has become increasingly important. The assimilation of high resolution radar observations therefore provides a vital component in the development and utility of numerical model forecasts for both weather forecasting and contaminant transport, including future opportunities to improve wet deposition computations explicitly.

Chiswell, S.; Buckley, R.

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

234

An Analysis of Past and Future Changes in the Ice Cover of Two High-Arctic Lakes Based on Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Landsat Imagery  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and heat energy between a lake and its surroundings (Adams, 1981). In high-arctic lakes, changes in ice climate data are limited, remote sensing of lake-ice conditions can provide valuable insight into climaticAn Analysis of Past and Future Changes in the Ice Cover of Two High-Arctic Lakes Based on Synthetic

Bradley, Raymond S.

235

Operating the LCLS Gas Attenuator and Gas Detector System with Apertures of 6mm Diameter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of increasing the apertures of the LCLS gas attenuator/gas detector system is considered. It is shown that increase of the apertures from 3 to 6 mm, together with 4-fold reduction of the operation pressure does not adversely affect the vacuum conditions upstream or downstream. No change of the pump speed and the lengths of the differential pumping cells is required. One minor modification is the use of 1.5 cm long tubular apertures in the end cells of the differential pumping system. Reduction of the pressure does not affect performance of the gas attenuator/gas detector system at the FEL energies below, roughly, 2 keV. Some minor performance degradation occurs at higher energies.

Ryutov, D.D.; Bionta, R.M.; Hau-Riege, S.P.; Kishiyama, K.I.; Roeben, M.D.; Shen, S.; /LLNL, Livermore; Stefan, P.M.; /SLAC; ,

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

236

Measuring soil moisture with imaging radars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An empirical algorithm for the retrieval of soil moisture content and surface Root Mean Square (RMS) height from remotely sensed radar data was developed using scatterometer data. The algorithm is optimized for bare surfaces and requires two copolarized channels at a frequency between 1.5 and 11 GHz. It gives best results for kh {le} 2.5, {mu}{sub {upsilon}}{le}35%, and {theta}{ge}30{degree}. Omitting the usually weaker hv-polarized returns makes the algorithm less sensitive to system cross-talk and system noise, simplify the calibration process and adds robustness to the algorithm in the presence of vegetation. However, inversion results indicate that significant amounts of vegetation (NDVI>0.4) cause the algorithm to underestimate soil moisture and overestimate RMS height. A simple criteria based on the {sigma}{sub hv}{sup 0}/{sigma}{sub vv}{sup 0} ratio is developed to select the areas where the inversion is not impaired by the vegetation. The inversion accuracy is assessed on the original scatterometer data sets but also on several SAR data sets by comparing the derived soil moisture values with in-situ measurements collected over a variety of scenes between 1991 and 1994. Both spaceborne (SIR-C) and airborne (AIRSAR) data are used in the test. Over this large sample of conditions, the RMS error in the soil moisture estimate is found to be less than 4.2% soil moisture.

Dubois, P.C.; Zyl, J. van [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.] [California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.; Engman, T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States)] [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Scanning ARM Cloud Radars Part I: Operational Sampling Strategies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Probing clouds in three-dimensions has never been done with scanning millimeter-wavelength (cloud) radars in a continuous operating environment. The acquisition of scanning cloud radars by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program and research institutions around the world generate the need for developing operational scan strategies for cloud radars. Here, the first generation of sampling strategies for the Scanning ARM Cloud Radars (SACRs) is discussed. These scan strategies are designed to address the scientific objectives of the ARM program, however, they introduce an initial framework for operational scanning cloud radars. While the weather community uses scan strategies that are based on a sequence of scans at constant elevations, the SACRs scan strategies are based on a sequence of scans at constant azimuth. This is attributed to the cloud properties that are vastly different for rain and snow shafts that are the primary target of precipitation radars. A “cloud surveillance” scan strategy is introduced (HS-RHI) based on a sequence of horizon-to-horizon Range Height Indicator (RHI) scans that sample the hemispherical sky (HS). The HS-RHI scan strategy is repeated every 30 min to provide a static view of the cloud conditions around the SACR location. Between HS-RHI scan strategies other scan strategies are introduced depending on the cloud conditions. The SACRs are pointing vertically in the case of measurable precipitation at the ground. The radar reflectivities are corrected for water vapor attenuation and non-meteorological detection are removed. A hydrometeor detection mask is introduced based on the difference of cloud and noise statistics is discussed.

Kollias, Pavlos; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Widener, Kevin B.; Jo, Ieng; Johnson, Karen

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Graphene based tunable fractal Hilbert curve array broadband radar absorbing screen for radar cross section reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new type of graphene based tunable radar absorbing screen. The absorbing screen consists of Hilbert curve metal strip array and chemical vapour deposition (CVD) graphene sheet. The graphene based screen is not only tunable when the chemical potential of the graphene changes, but also has broadband effective absorption. The absorption bandwidth is from 8.9GHz to 18.1GHz, ie., relative bandwidth of more than 68%, at chemical potential of 0eV, which is significantly wider than that if the graphene sheet had not been employed. As the chemical potential varies from 0 to 0.4eV, the central frequency of the screen can be tuned from 13.5GHz to 19.0GHz. In the proposed structure, Hilbert curve metal strip array was designed to provide multiple narrow band resonances, whereas the graphene sheet directly underneath the metal strip array provides tunability and averagely required surface resistance so to significantly extend the screen operation bandwidth by providing broadband impedance matching and absorption. In addition, the thickness of the screen has been optimized to achieve nearly the minimum thickness limitation for a nonmagnetic absorber. The working principle of this absorbing screen is studied in details, and performance under various incident angles is presented. This work extends applications of graphene into tunable microwave radar cross section (RCS) reduction applications.

Huang, Xianjun, E-mail: xianjun.huang@manchester.ac.uk [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Hu, Zhirun [School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Liu, Peiguo [College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Radar-like Iron based Nanohybrid as an Efficient and Stable...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radar-like Iron based Nanohybrid as an Efficient and Stable Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction. A Radar-like Iron based Nanohybrid as an Efficient and Stable Electrocatalyst for...

240

Incoherent scatter radar detection of enhanced plasma line in ionospheric E-region over Arecibo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A series of incoherent scatter radar (ISR) observation were conducted at the Arecibo Observatory from December 27, 2005 until January 3, 2006. From plasma line measurements that were taken during this radar campaign, we ...

Pradipta, Rezy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Accuracy and resolution of shuttle radar topography mission data Bridget Smith and David Sandwell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accuracy and resolution of shuttle radar topography mission data Bridget Smith and David Sandwell: General or miscellaneous. Citation: Smith, B., and D. Sandwell, Accuracy and resolution of shuttle radar

Sandwell, David T.

242

FMCW radars for snow research Hans-Peter Marshall a,b,, Gary Koh a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-available impulse radars are currently used operationally in Scandinavia's deep snow packs (e.g. Sand and Bruland

Marshall, Hans-Peter

243

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Resolution Backside Imaging and Thermography using a Numerical Aperture Increasing Lens Shawn inspection alone, it is necessary to develop techniques, such as thermography, with the capability ­solid immersion lens microscopy and thermography. Standard non-contact optical resolution is limited

244

High-resolution fracture aperture mapping using optical profilometry Pasha Ameli,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-resolution fracture aperture mapping using optical profilometry Pasha Ameli,1 Jean E. Elkhoury] Fractures play an important role in the Earth's crust, often controlling both mechanical and transport of fracture surfaces and the contacts and void spaces between fracture surfaces at high spatial resolution (10

Elkhoury, Jean

245

Change Detection Using Synthetic Aperture Sonar: Preliminary Results from the Larvik Trial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

detection technology for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) equipped with synthetic aperture sonars (SAS of route survey with unmanned systems, this means repeatedly surveying ports and important transit routes the processing have been proposed, however the field as applied to the underwater environment remains in its

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Wideband Waveform Design principles for Solid-state Weather Radars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of solid-state transmitter is becoming a key part of the strategy to realize a network of low cost electronically steered radars. However, solid-state transmitters have low peak powers and this necessitates the use of pulse compression waveforms. In this paper a frequency diversity wideband waveforms design is proposed to mitigate low sensitivity of solid-state transmitters. In addition, the waveforms mitigate the range eclipsing problem associated with long pulse compression. An analysis of the performance of pulse compression using mismatched compression filters designed to minimize side lobe levels is presented. The impact of range side lobe level on the retrieval of Doppler moments are presented. Realistic simulations are performed based on CSU-CHILL radar data and Center for Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere (CASA) Integrated Project I (IP1) radar data.

Bharadwaj, Nitin; Chandrasekar, V.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Receiver Antenna Array for a Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for Small UAVs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Receiver Antenna Array for a Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for Small UAVs Jose Francisco for use in a sense-and-avoid radar for use in the Cessna C-172 and small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..10 1.1.1 Multichannel Sense-and-Avoid Radar for UAVs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...10

Kansas, University of

248

ARRA-funded Cloud Radar Development for the Department of Energy's ARM Climate Research Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARRA-funded Cloud Radar Development for the Department of Energy's ARM Climate Research Facility assembler jobs were saved because of this large order. ProSensing is also planning to engage a local defense for similar cloud radar contracts for customers in India, China and Korea. By developing these complex radar

249

A New Coherent Radar for Ice Sounding in Greenland A. Moussessian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A New Coherent Radar for Ice Sounding in Greenland A. Moussessian 1 , R.L. Jordan 1 , E. Rodriguez of this radar on board a P-3 aircraft took place in May of 1999 over Greenland with successful results blanking. The first deployment of this radar took place in May of 1999 in Greenland. During this deployment

Kansas, University of

250

Spatial-temporal mesoscale modelling of rainfall intensity using gage and radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial-temporal mesoscale modelling of rainfall intensity using gage and radar data Montserrat fields. Doppler radar data offer better spatial and temporal coverage, but Doppler radar measures values. We use spatial logistic regression to model the probability of rain for both sources of data

Reich, Brian J.

251

A Low Noise Active Integrated Antenna Receiver for Monopulse Radar Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radiation pattern suitable for monopulse radar applications. Simulation and measurement methodology- polarization levels has been demonstrated. An FMCW radar transceiver using a quasi-Yagi antenna array has beenA Low Noise Active Integrated Antenna Receiver for Monopulse Radar Applications Sylvia Lin, Yongxi

Itoh, Tatsuo

252

ERADERAD 20062006Proceedings ofProceedings of Detecting weather radar clutter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of precipitation for every pixel in a Meteosat-8 scene. Via pixel-level image fusion of the radar data weather radar clutter 2.2 Nowcasting SAF products Measuring and mapping of precipitation from spaceERADERAD 20062006Proceedings ofProceedings of Detecting weather radar clutter using satellite

253

BOREHOLE RADAR ATTENUATION-DIFFERENCE TOMOGRAPHY DURING THE TRACER/TIME-LAPSE TEST AT THE BOISE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to those suggested by radar level run attenuation differences, shot-receiver attenuation difference be explained by the difference in support volumes for the radar and chemistry measurements, and alsoBOREHOLE RADAR ATTENUATION-DIFFERENCE TOMOGRAPHY DURING THE TRACER/TIME-LAPSE TEST AT THE BOISE

Barrash, Warren

254

Update on the European Weather Radar Network Iwan Holleman, Laurent Delobbe, and Anton Zgonc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(EARS) I. INTRODUCTION The tradition of weather radar collaboration at the European level dates back to COST 72 (Measurement of precipitation by radar) which started in 1979 and which presented its final reUpdate on the European Weather Radar Network (OPERA) Iwan Holleman, Laurent Delobbe, and Anton

Stoffelen, Ad

255

P2.2 Segmenting Radar Reflectivity Data using Texture V. Lakshmanan1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a different level of detail. Radar data algorithms (e.g: Wolf- son et al. (1999); Johnson et al. (1998)) have to partition the image values into the K bins. The measurement space (the radar reflectivity valuesP2.2 Segmenting Radar Reflectivity Data using Texture V. Lakshmanan1,2 , R. Rabin1,3 , V. De

Lakshmanan, Valliappa

256

Determining weather radar antenna pointing using signals detected from the sun at low antenna elevations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Determining weather radar antenna pointing using signals detected from the sun at low antenna radiation of the sun for checking of the antenna alignment and of the sensitivity of the receiver chain is a well established method in weather radar maintenance, and radar manufacturers offer sun calibration

Stoffelen, Ad

257

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical modeling of drizzle evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 2. Observations and microphysical I, the influence of cloud microphysics and dynamics on the shape of cloud radar Doppler spectra in warm stratiform clouds was discussed. The traditional analysis of radar Doppler moments was extended

258

Vertical Structure of Tropical Cyclone Rainbands as seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Vertical Structure of Tropical Cyclone Rainbands as seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar Deanna A's Precipitation Radar (TRMM PR) show the vertical structure of tropical cyclone rainbands. Radar-echo statistics show that rainbands have a two-layered structure, with distinct modes separated by the melting layer

Houze Jr., Robert A.

259

A radar study of the interaction between lightning and precipitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A radar study was made of the interaction between lightning and precipitation with the 430 MHz Doppler radar at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. On one occasion, the spectral power at Doppler velocities near that corresponding to the updraft increased substantially within a fraction of a second after a discharge was detected in the beam. Calculations were made to simulate the effect of an electric field change on mean Doppler velocity for a distribution of droplets in a thunderstorm. 13 refs., 4 figs.

Holden, D.N.; Ulbrich, C.W.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Tornado identification from analyses of digital radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Yukon, 40 km north- west of NSSL. Later, a cell to the northwest of Oklahoma City developed to str'ong intensity and a funnel cloud was reported over Tinker AFB at 1930 CST. Hist~or of the Yukon Storm During the afternoon, the squall line moved... signature 1n analyses of digital radar data from ceni;ra 1 Oklahoma during the Spring. The data were collected by the l0-cm WSR-57 radar at the National Severe S torms Laboratory at Ilorman, Oklahoma. Three types of numerical analyses were used in th1s...

Pittman, Donald Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Science Goals for the ARM Recovery Act Radars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Science Goals for the ARM Recovery Act Radars. In October 2008, an ARM workshop brought together approximately 30 climate research scientists to discuss the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility's role in solving outstanding climate science issues. Through this discussion it was noted that one of ARM's primary contributions is to provide detailed information about cloud profiles and their impact on radiative fluxes. This work supports cloud parameterization development and improved understanding of cloud processes necessary for that development. A critical part of this work is measuring microphysical properties (cloud ice and liquid water content, cloud particle sizes, shapes, and distribution). ARM measurements and research have long included an emphasis on obtaining the best possible microphysical parameters with the available instrumentation. At the time of the workshop, this research was reaching the point where additional reduction in uncertainties in these critical parameters required new instrumentation for applications such as specifying radiative heating profiles, measuring vertical velocities, and studying the convective triggering and evolution of three-dimensional (3D) cloud fields. ARM was already operating a subset of the necessary instrumentation to make some progress on these problems; each of the ARM sites included (and still includes) a cloud radar (operating at 35 or 94 GHz), a cloud lidar, and balloon-borne temperature and humidity sensors. However, these measurements were inadequate for determining detailed microphysical properties in most cases. Additional instrumentation needed to improve retrievals of microphysical processes includes radars at two additional frequencies for a total of three at a single site (35 GHz, 94 GHz, and a precipitation radar) and a Doppler lidar. Evolving to a multi-frequency scanning radar is a medium-term goal to bridge our understanding of two-dimensional (2D) retrievals to the 3D cloud field. These additional microphysical measurements would allow detailed cloud properties to be derived even in the presence of light precipitation. It is important to couple these detailed measurements of cloud microphysics to vertical motion on the cloud scale to couple microphysics with meteorological processes. Vertically pointing Doppler radars provide the vertical motion of cloud particles but, to separate particle motion from air motion, a wind profiler is required. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act provided the means to address these needs and implement a multi-frequency suite of radars, including scanning radars, at each of the ARM sites. In addition, Doppler lidars have been deployed at several sites. With these new measurement capabilities, ARM has the measurement capabilities to tackle the problems of improving microphysical profile descriptions and evaluating the relationship between our current narrow-field-of view, zenith perspective on clouds to a description of the full 3D cloud field and its temporal evolution.

JH Mather

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

262

Climatological study of radar echo pictures from Albrook Air Force Base, Panama  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the radar beam above the surface of the earth for a two degree antenna tilt (From AWS, 1955). . 9 Echo occurrence chart of radar data observed at Albrook AFB, Panama, for the month of January, 1962 Echo occurrence chart of radar date observed... at Albrook AFB, Panama, for the month of April, 1961 Echo occurrence chart of radar data observed at Albrook AFB, Panama, for the month of July, 1961 16 17 18 Topography and radar echo occurrence profiles for a circle of 75-statute-mile radius from...

Bowen, Christopher

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

263

Assessment Of The Wind Farm Impact On The Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study shows the means to evaluate the wind farm impact on the radar. It proposes the set of tools, which can be used to realise this objective. The big part of report covers the study of complex pattern propagation factor as the critical issue of the Advanced Propagation Model (APM). Finally, the reader can find here the implementation of this algorithm - the real scenario in Inverness airport (the United Kingdom), where the ATC radar STAR 2000, developed by Thales Air Systems, operates in the presence of several wind farms. Basically, the project is based on terms of the department "Strategy Technology & Innovation", where it has been done. Also you can find here how the radar industry can act with the problem engendered by wind farms. The current strategies in this area are presented, such as a wind turbine production, improvements of air traffic handling procedures and the collaboration between developers of radars and wind turbines. The possible strategy for Thales as a main pioneer was given as ...

Norman, Evgeny D

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Development and Improvement of Airborne Remote Sensing Radar Platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and several structures are also developed to enable a NASA P-3 to support a 15-element MCoRDS array, as well as three other radar antenna-arrays used for cryospheric surveying. Together, these aircraft have flown almost 200 missions and collected 550 TB...

Arnold, Emily J.

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

2003 Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Beamforming for Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© 2003 Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Beamforming for Radar Systems on COTS Heterogeneous ComputingHeterogeneous Computing PlatformsPlatforms Jeffrey A. Rudin Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. High Performance Embedded Computing (HPEC) Conference September 23, 2003 #12;2© 2003 Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. Outline

Kepner, Jeremy

266

Automatic Radar Antenna Scan Type Recognition in Electronic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Radar Antenna Scan Type Recognition in Electronic Warfare BILLUR BARSHAN BAHAEDDIN ERAVCI in electronic warfare (EW). The stages of the algorithm are scan period estimation, preprocessing (normalization Continuous-wave EW Electronic warfare EM Electromagnetic LFM Linear frequency modulation DTW Dynamic time

Barshan, Billur

267

Determination of the linear aperture of the SSC (Superconducting Supercollider) clustered lattice used for the conceptual design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study is made of the linear aperture for the clustered lattice used for the SSC Conceptual Design Report. Random multipole errors are included in all magnetic elements including the insertion dipoles and quadrupoles. Based on the concept of smear, the linear aperture is equal to the dynamic aperture in the range -0.1 less than or equal to ..delta..P/P less than or equal to 0.03%. Strong coupling for ..delta..P/P > 0% produces large smears. A variation of the smear parameter that is insensitive to coupling is proposed. A comparison is made with results reported in the SSC Conceptual Design Report.

Dell, G.F.

1986-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

268

Gamma-ray observations of the Crab Region using a coded-aperture telescope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The region of the Galactic anticenter, including the Crab Nebula, was observed during a balloon flight of the University of New Hampshire Directional Gamma-Ray Telescope employing the coded-aperture imaging technique to image celestial gamma-radiation between 160 keV and 9.3 MeV. The background systematics are treated with a simple and relatively straightforward correction procedure. The results demonstrate that the coded-aperture procedure is a viable approach for imaging not only point sources of radiation, but also extended sources of emission. The results for the Crab's photon spectrum are consistent with a power-law spectrum. Upper limits on the flux levels of line emission at 405 keV and 1050 keV and on the flux from the X-ray binary source A0535 + 26 and diffuse Galactic emission from the anticenter region are derived. 35 references.

Mcconnell, M.L.; Dunphy, P.P.; Forrest, D.J.; Chupp, E.L.; Owens, A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Method for generating small and ultra small apertures, slits, nozzles and orifices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and device for one or more small apertures, slits, nozzles and orifices, preferably having a high aspect ratio. In one embodiment, one or more alternating layers of sacrificial layers and blocking layers are deposited onto a substrate. Each sacrificial layer is made of a material which preferably allows a radiation to substantially pass through. Each blocking layer is made of a material which substantially blocks the radiation.

Khounsary, Ali M. (Hinsdale, IL)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

270

RF/optical shared aperture for high availability wideband communication RF/FSO links  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An RF/Optical shared aperture is capable of transmitting and receiving optical signals and RF signals simultaneously. This technology enables compact wide bandwidth communications systems with 100% availability in clear air turbulence, rain and fog. The functions of an optical telescope and an RF reflector antenna are combined into a single compact package by installing an RF feed at either of the focal points of a modified Gregorian telescope.

Ruggiero, Anthony J; Pao, Hsueh-yuan; Sargis, Paul

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

271

Coded aperture imaging with self-supporting uniformly redundant arrays. [Patent application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A self-supporting uniformly redundant array pattern for coded aperture imaging. The invention utilizes holes which are an integer times smaller in each direction than holes in conventional URA patterns. A balance correlation function is generated where holes are represented by 1's, nonholes are represented by -1's, and supporting area is represented by 0's. The self-supporting array can be used for low energy applications where substrates would greatly reduce throughput.

Fenimore, E.E.

1980-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

272

Coded aperture imaging system optimized for hard x-ray and gamma ray astronomy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A coded aperture imaging system has been designed for the Gamma-Ray Imaging Spectrometer (GRIS). The system is optimized for imaging 511-keV positron-annihilation photons. For a galactic center 511-keV source strength of 10/sup -3/ cm/sup -2/s/sup -1/, the source location accuracy is expected to be +-0.2/sup 0/.

Gehrels, N.; Cline, T.L.; Huters, A.F.; Leventhal, M.; MacCallum, C.J.; Reber, J.D.; Stang, P.D.; Teegarden, B.J.; Tueller, J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Measured Radiation and Background Levels During Transmission of Megawatt Electron Beams Through Millimeter Apertures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report measurements of photon and neutron radiation levels observed while transmitting a 0.43 MW electron beam through millimeter-sized apertures and during beam-off, but accelerating gradient RF-on, operation. These measurements were conducted at the Free-Electron Laser (FEL) facility of the Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) using a 100 MeV electron beam from an energy-recovery linear accelerator. The beam was directed successively through 6 mm, 4 mm, and 2 mm diameter apertures of length 127 mm in aluminum at a maximum current of 4.3 mA (430 kW beam power). This study was conducted to characterize radiation levels for experiments that need to operate in this environment, such as the proposed DarkLight Experiment. We find that sustained transmission of a 430 kW continuous-wave (CW) beam through a 2 mm aperture is feasible with manageable beam-related backgrounds. We also find that during beam-off, RF-on operation, multipactoring inside the niobium cavities of the accelerator cryomodules is the primary source of ambient radiation when the machine is tuned for 130 MeV operation.

Alarcon, Ricardo [Arizona State University, Glendale, AZ (United States); Balascuta, S. [Arizona State University, Glendale, AZ (United States); Benson, Stephen V. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Bertozzi, William [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Boyce, James R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Cowan, Ray [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Douglas, David R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Evtushenko, Pavel [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Fisher, P. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Ihloff, Ernest E. [Hampton University, Hampton, VA (United States); Kalantarians, Narbe [Hampton University, Hampton, VA (United States); Kelleher, Aidan Michael [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Krossler, W. J. [William and Mary College, Williamsburg, VA (United States); Legg, Robert A. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Long, Elena [University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States); Milner, Richard [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Neil, George R. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Ou, Longwu [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Schmookler, Barack Abraham [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Tennant, Christopher D. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Tschalar, C. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States); Williams, Gwyn P. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Zhang, Shukui [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Assessment of radial image distortion and spherical aberration on three-dimensional synthetic aperture particle image velocimetry measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a numerical study of the effects of radial image distortion and spherical aberration on reconstruction quality of synthetic aperture particle image velocimetry (SAPIV) measurements. A simulated SAPIV ...

Kubaczyk, Daniel Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Design of a near-field coded aperture cameras for high-resolution medical and industrial gamma-ray imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coded Aperture Imaging is a technique originally developed for X-ray astronomy, where typical imaging problems are characterized by far-field geometry and an object made of point sources distributed over a mainly dark ...

Accorsi, Roberto, 1971-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Congrs SHF : Hydromtrie 2013, Paris, 15-16 mai 2013 Dramais et al. Jaugeage par radar mobile JAUGEAGE PAR RADAR MOBILE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measurement using SVR (Surface Velocity Radar) can be used to measure river discharge during floods surface velocities, additional measurements (bathymetry, velocity profiles, water level) are needed the radar method and other conventional discharge measurements. The quality of the results is very

Boyer, Edmond

277

A CLOSE COMPANION SEARCH AROUND L DWARFS USING APERTURE MASKING INTERFEROMETRY AND PALOMAR LASER GUIDE STAR ADAPTIVE OPTICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a close companion search around 16 known early L dwarfs using aperture masking interferometry with Palomar laser guide star adaptive optics (LGS AO). The use of aperture masking allows the detection of close binaries, corresponding to projected physical separations of 0.6-10.0 AU for the targets of our survey. This survey achieved median contrast limits of {Delta}K {approx} 2.3 for separations between 1.2 {lambda}/D-4{lambda}/D and {Delta}K {approx} 1.4 at 2/3 {lambda}/D. We present four candidate binaries detected with moderate-to-high confidence (90%-98%). Two have projected physical separations less than 1.5 AU. This may indicate that tight-separation binaries contribute more significantly to the binary fraction than currently assumed, consistent with spectroscopic and photometric overluminosity studies. Ten targets of this survey have previously been observed with the Hubble Space Telescope as part of companion searches. We use the increased resolution of aperture masking to search for close or dim companions that would be obscured by full aperture imaging, finding two candidate binaries. This survey is the first application of aperture masking with LGS AO at Palomar. Several new techniques for the analysis of aperture masking data in the low signal-to-noise regime are explored.

Bernat, David [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Bouchez, Antonin H.; Cromer, John L.; Dekany, Richard G.; Moore, Anna M. [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Ireland, Michael; Tuthill, Peter [Sydney Institute for Astrophysics, School of Physics, University of Sydney (Australia); Martinache, Frantz [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Subaru Telescope, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Angione, John; Burruss, Rick S.; Guiwits, Stephen R.; Henning, John R.; Hickey, Jeff; Kibblewhite, Edward; McKenna, Daniel L.; Petrie, Harold L.; Roberts, Jennifer; Shelton, J. Chris; Thicksten, Robert P.; Trinh, Thang [Palomar Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics Team, Palomar Observatory, California Institute of Technology, Palomar Mountain, CA 92060 (United States)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Radar antenna pointing for optimized signal to noise ratio.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) of a radar echo signal will vary across a range swath, due to spherical wavefront spreading, atmospheric attenuation, and antenna beam illumination. The antenna beam illumination will depend on antenna pointing. Calculations of geometry are complicated by the curved earth, and atmospheric refraction. This report investigates optimizing antenna pointing to maximize the minimum SNR across the range swath.

Doerry, Armin Walter; Marquette, Brandeis [General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc., San Diego, CA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Applicability of radar observations to the prediction of storm runoff  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Depaverne. (Yiembe~ 1967 (Yonwh) (Yea ) ABSTRACT Rainfall-runoff relaL'ronships fox 18 storms over the Little Nashita River basin in Oklahoma are studied in order to develop a method for predicting storm losses based on weather-radar observational..., for the use of their computer facilities. Credit is due Mr. M. A. Hartman, Chief Research Engineer, Agricultural Research Service, Chickasha, Oklahoma, for his assistance in obtaining treamflow and rainfall data from records maintained by the Agricultural...

Johnson, Odell Monroe

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

280

Radar echo processing with partitioned de-ramp  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The spurious-free dynamic range of a wideband radar system is increased by apportioning de-ramp processing across analog and digital processing domains. A chirp rate offset is applied between the received waveform and the reference waveform that is used for downconversion to the intermediate frequency (IF) range. The chirp rate offset results in a residual chirp in the IF signal prior to digitization. After digitization, the residual IF chirp is removed with digital signal processing.

Dubbert, Dale F.; Tise, Bertice L.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Design of Stripline-Fed Dual Polarization Aperture-Coupled Stacked Microstrip Patch Phased Array Antenna for Wideband Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

solution for various systems such as traffic control and collision avoidance radar systems. The goal of this work is to design and implement a dual-linear polarization stacked microstrip patch phased array antenna. Single stacked microstrip patch antenna...

Kim, David G.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

282

Aperture lamp  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A discharge lamp includes means for containing a light emitting fill, the fill being capable of absorbing light at one wavelength and re-emitting the light at a different wavelength, the light emitted from the fill having a first spectral power distribution in the absence of reflection of light back into the fill; means for exciting the fill to cause the fill to emit light; and means for reflecting some of the light emitted by the fill back into the fill while allowing some light to exit, the exiting light having a second spectral power distribution with proportionately more light in the visible region as compared to the first spectral power distribution, wherein the light re-emitted by the fill is shifted in wavelength with respect to the absorbed light and the magnitude of the shift is in relation to an effective optical path length. Another discharge lamp includes an envelope; a fill which emits light when excited disposed in the envelope; a source of excitation power coupled to the fill to excite the fill and cause the fill to emit light; and a reflective ceramic structure disposed around the envelope and defining an light emitting opening, wherein the structure comprises a sintered body built up directly on the envelope and made from a combination of alumina and silica.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Turner, Brian P. (Damascus, MD)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

CHAPTER 2: Analysis of cloud radar data 21 1000 1030 1100 1130 1200 1230 1300 1330  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and the corresponding noise­ equivalent reflectivity at 1 km measured by the 94 GHz radar (using the cloud­free gates the sensitivity of the radar is to subtract an estimate of the noise â?? N from the measured average power â?¢ P of magnitude below the noise level. Of­ ten rain radars simply reject the data that fall below a particular

Hogan, Robin

284

Digital meteorological radar data compared with digital infrared data from a geostationary meteorological satellite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CONTENTS Page ABSTRACT. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. DEDICATION . iv vi TABLE OF CONTENTS . vii LIST OF TABLES. IX LIST OF FIGURES . LIST OF ACRONYMS CHAPTER xii I. INTRODUCTION 1. The Need for This Investigation 2. Present Status of Research Relating... to This Investigation 3. Objectives of the Investigation 4. Techniques and Scope of the Investigation. II. METEOROLOGICAL RADAR DATA . 10 1. Basic Radar Theory . 2. Earth Curvature Correction . 3. The TAMU Weather Radar System. 4. Data Reduction and Display 10...

Henderson, Rodney Stuart

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Analog FIR Filter Used for Range-Optimal Pulsed Radar Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................................................................................... 1 1.1. Radar system ...................................................................................................... 2 1.2 Matched filter ...................................................................................................... 4... 1.3 Analog FIR matched filters ................................................................................. 4 1.4 Thesis organization ............................................................................................. 6 2...

Su, Eric Chen

2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

286

Probability distribution of low-altitude propagation loss from radar sea clutter data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: propagation loss estimation, radar clutter, probabilistic inversion Citation: Gerstoft, P., W. S. Hodgkiss, L within the marine atmospheric surface layer [Liu et al., 1979]. The refractivity profile above

Buckingham, Michael

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced precipitation radar Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

clutter Summary: of precipitation for every pixel in a Meteosat-8 scene. Via pixel-level image fusion of the radar data... and the Precipitating Clouds product, supervised...

288

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne l-band radar Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

concept will utilize L-band radar and radiometer instruments sharing a rotating... measurement approach with the conically scanning ... Source: Montana, University of - School of...

289

E-Print Network 3.0 - avoid radar installations Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to 9o differences in flow directions. 1. INTRODUCTION We installed the first HF radar at Coal Oil... Evaluating radial component current measurements from CODAR high frequency...

290

Improving ISR Radar Utilization (How I quit blaming the user and made the radar easier to use).  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In modern multi - sensor multi - mode Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance ( ISR ) platforms, the plethora of options available to a sensor/payload operator are quite large, leading to an over - worked operator often down - selecting to favorite sensors an d modes. For example, Full Motion Video (FMV) is justifiably a favorite sensor at the expense of radar modes, even if radar modes can offer unique and advantageous information. The challenge is then to increase the utilization of the radar modes in a man ner attractive to the sensor/payload operator. We propose that this is best accomplished by combining sensor modes and displays into 'super - modes'. - 4 - Acknowledgements This report is the result of a n unfunded research and development activity . Sandia Natio nal Laboratories is a multi - program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE - AC04 - 94AL850 00.

Doerry, Armin W.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Ion funnel with extended mass range and reduced conductance limit aperture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved ion funnel design is disclosed that decreases the axial RF (parasite) fields at the ion funnel exit. This is achieved by addition of one or more compensation electrodes after the conductance limit electrode. Various RF voltage profiles may be applied to the various electrodes minimizing the parasite axial potential wells. The smallest RF aperture that serves as the conductance limiting electrode is further reduced over standard designs. Overall, the ion funnel improves transmission ranges of both low m/z and high m/z ions, reducing RF activation of ions and decreasing the gas load to subsequent differential pumping stages.

Tolmachev, Aleksey V. (Richland, WA); Smith, Richard D. (Richland, WA)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A novel synthetic aperture technique for breast tomography with toroidal arrays  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrasound is commonly used as an adjunct to mammography for diagnostic evaluation of suspicions arising from breast cancer screening. As an alternative to conventional sonography that uses hand-held transducers, toroidal array probes that encircle the breast immersed in a water bath have been investigated for ultrasound tomography. This paper introduces a new method for three-dimensional synthetic aperture diffraction tomography that maximizes the resolution in the scanning direction and provides quantitative reconstructions of the acoustic properties of the object. The method is validated by means of numerical simulations.

Huang, Lianjie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Simonetti, Francesco [IMPERIAL COLLEGE

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Development of Nb3Sn 11 T single aperture demonstrator dipole for LHC upgrades  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The LHC collimation upgrade foresees additional collimators installed in dispersion suppressor regions. To obtain the necessary space for the collimators, a solution based on the substitution of LHC main dipoles for stronger dipoles is being considered. CERN and FNAL have started a joint program to demonstrate the feasibility of Nb{sub 3}Sn technology for this purpose. The goal of the first phase is the design and construction of a 2-m long single-aperture demonstrator magnet with a nominal field of 11 T at 11.85 kA with 20% margin. This paper describes the magnetic and mechanical design of the demonstrator magnet and summarizes its design parameters.

Zlobin, A.V.; Apollinari, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Nobrega, f.; Novitski, I.; /Fermilab; Auchmann, B.; Karppinen, M.; Rossi, L.; /CERN

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

UNLOCKING THE TREASURE CHEST OF LEVEL-II RADAR DATA: LESSONS IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER POLICY FOR THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P 1.6 UNLOCKING THE TREASURE CHEST OF LEVEL-II RADAR DATA: LESSONS IN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER POLICY This analysis of Level-II radar data presents a great success story about partnerships in technology transfer

295

Design of large aperture superferric quadrupole magnets for an in-flight fragment separator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superferric quadrupole magnets to be used for in-flight fragment separator have been designed. A quadrupole magnet triplet for beam focusing is placed in a cryostat together with superconducting correction coils. To maximize acceptance of rare isotope beams produced by projectile fragmentation, it is essential to use large-aperture quadrupole magnets. The pole tip radius is 17 cm in the current design, and we tried to enlarge the aperture with 3D analysis on magnetic fields. In the front end of the separator, where a target and beam dump are located, we plan to use two sets of quadrupole triplets made of high-Tc superconductor (HTS) operating at 20-50 K considering high radiation heat load. The HTS magnet will use warm iron poles. Both low-Tc and high-Tc superconductors are acquired for test winding, and two kinds of dewar and cryostat are under construction to perform the coil and magnet tests. The magnetic design of superferric quadrupole is mainly discussed.

Zaghloul, Aziz; Kim, Dogyun; Kim, Jangyoul; Kim, Mijung; Kim, Myeongjin; Yun, Chongcheoul; Kim, Jongwon [Rare Isotope Science Project, Institute for Basic Science, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-811 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

296

Connectivity in a UAV Multi-static Radar Network David W. Casbeer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Connectivity in a UAV Multi-static Radar Network David W. Casbeer and A. Lee Swindlehurst This paper describes a multi-static radar network composed of multiple unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). Time-delay and Doppler measurements taken by the UAV team are passed to a centralized processor to determine optimal

Swindlehurst, A. Lee

297

Soil texture estimation over a semi-arid area using TERRASAR-X radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil texture estimation over a semi-arid area using TERRASAR-X radar data M. Zribi1 , F. Kotti1 , Z Abstract In this paper, it is proposed to use TERRASAR-X data for analysis and estimation of soil surface. Simultaneously to TERRASAR-X radar acquisitions, ground measurements (texture, soil moisture and roughness) were

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

298

Lagrangian Structures in Very High-Frequency Radar Data and Optimal Pollution Timing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lagrangian Structures in Very High-Frequency Radar Data and Optimal Pollution Timing Francois radar-based pollution release scheme using the hidden flow structure reduces the effect of industrial pollution in the coastal environment. INTRODUCTION The release of pollution in coastal areas [1, 2, 3] can

Marsden, Jerrold

299

Optimal Pollution Mitigation in Monterey Bay Based on Coastal Radar Data and Nonlinear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Pollution Mitigation in Monterey Bay Based on Coastal Radar Data and Nonlinear Dynamics run-off which is a typical source of pollution in the bay. We show that a HF radar-based pollution release scheme using this flow structure reduces the impact of pollution on the coastal envi- ronment

Marsden, Jerrold

300

Radar Sounding of Glaciers in Greenland C. Allen, B, Wohletz, and S, Gogineni  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radar Sounding of Glaciers in Greenland C. Allen, B, Wohletz, and S, Gogineni The University on several flights over Greenland glaciers during the summer of 1995. The radar data were collected the theory and present results of the homomorphic deconvolution procedure. INTRODUCTION The Greenland

Kansas, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Planning of Low-Cost 77-GHz Radar Transceivers for Automotive Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Planning of Low-Cost 77-GHz Radar Transceivers for Automotive Applications H. Ameri, A. Attaran & M. Moghavvemi University ofMalaya INTRODUCTION The use of electronics in the automotive industry will reach (or the position and speed as with other components used in the automotive industry, radars will find widespread

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

302

A comparison of velocity measurements from the CUTLASS Finland radar and the EISCAT UHF system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A comparison of velocity measurements from the CUTLASS Finland radar and the EISCAT UHF system J. A January 1999 Abstract. The CUTLASS Finland radar, which com- prises an integral part of the Super irregularities within a ®eld-of- view which extends over some four million square kilometres. Within the Finland

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Finland HF and Esrange MST radar observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finland HF and Esrange MST radar observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes Tadahiko Ogawa1 (200x) xx:1­8 Finland HF and Esrange MST radar observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes Tadahiko in Finland are presented. The echoes were detected at four frequencies of 9, 11, 13 and 15 MHz at slant

Kirkwood, Sheila

304

Global mapping and characterization of Titan's dune fields with Cassini: Correlation between RADAR and VIMS observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and VIMS observations S. Rodriguez a, , A. Garcia a , A. Lucas a , T. Appéré a , A. Le Gall b , E. Reffet the Cassini RADAR and VIMS (Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer) images ­ the latter being empirically. Furthermore, the strong correlation between RADAR-mapped dunes and the VIMS ``dark brown'' unit (72%) allows

Narteau, Clément

305

Development of a statistical procedure for detecting the number of signals in a radar measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Development of a statistical procedure for detecting the number of signals in a radar measurement P multichannel multipulse radar data. A unique aspect of the propo is that it predicts a confidence level number. Of concern is the development of a procedure for computing the number of signals in a measurement data vector

Adve, Raviraj

306

Large density fluctuations in the martian ionosphere as observed by the Mars Express radar sounder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the martian ionosphere. The density measurements show a persistent level of large fluctuations, sometimesLarge density fluctuations in the martian ionosphere as observed by the Mars Express radar sounder Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding) instrument on the Mars Express spacecraft provides

Gurnett, Donald A.

307

A Wideband Radar for Mapping Internal Layers in the Polar Icesheets for Estimating Accumulation Rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the IGARSS meeting [1]. We have developed an operational radar system for routine measurement. This system of the simulation results and laboratory measurements of the radar system. Also we will present analysis measurements in May 2002. I. INTRODUCTION Over the last century sea level rose by about 15 cm. The sea level

Kansas, University of

308

A DDS and PLL-based X-band FMCW Radar System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such as level meter of liquid tanks, collision avoidance, and other short range measurement applications [1A DDS and PLL-based X-band FMCW Radar System Yun-Taek Im, Jee-Hoon Lee, and Seong-Ook Park source, and the PLL is controlled by it. The bandwidth and the sweep time of the FMCW radar system

Park, Seong-Ook

309

QUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY Airborne Radar Observations of the Flight Behavior of Small Insects in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, with the vertical air velocity measured at Ã?ight level. We hypothesize that the gregarious behavior of small insectsQUANTITATIVE ECOLOGY Airborne Radar Observations of the Flight Behavior of Small Insects of insects in the convective boundary layer (CBL) is examined by means of proÃ?ling airborne Doppler radar

Geerts, Bart

310

Strengths and limitations of MST radar measurements of middle-atmosphere winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

levels of the atmosphere. 1 Introduction Radars used for atmospheric wind measurements cover a broadStrengths and limitations of MST radar measurements of middle-atmosphere winds W. K. Hocking for many years to measure atmospheric motions over a wide range of altitudes, from ground level up

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

311

Validation and determination of ice water content-radar reflectivity relationships during CRYSTAL-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an empirical IWC-radar relflectivity Ze relationship. The comparisons show that for measurements of in situ IWC and remotely measured radar reflectivity, collocated within 2 km of each other, a single IWC-Ze relationship this level of uncertainty to be consistent with sampling errors associated with comparing two measurements

312

Wind Profiling by Doppler Weather Radar Iwan Holleman (holleman@knmi.nl)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Profiling by Doppler Weather Radar Iwan Holleman (holleman@knmi.nl) Royal Netherlands wind profiles at a high temporal resolution. Several algorithms and quality ensuring procedures for the extraction of wind profiles from radar volume data have been published. A comparison and verification

Stoffelen, Ad

313

Upper Air Wind Measurements by Weather Radar Iwan Holleman, Henk Benschop, and Jitze van der Meulen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or assimilated into numerical weather prediction (NWP) models. Un- der the assumption of a linear wind field background statistics of the weather radar wind profiles against the Hirlam NWP model are at least as good of the VVP wind profiles against the Hirlam NWP model demonstrate the high quality of weather radar wind

Stoffelen, Ad

314

VALIDATION OF RAIN RATE RETRIEVALS FROM SEVIRI USING WEATHER RADAR OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and for improving parameterization cloud processes in numerical weather prediction (NWP) models or assimilation in these models. Although operational networks of Weather Radars are expanding over Europe and the United StatesVALIDATION OF RAIN RATE RETRIEVALS FROM SEVIRI USING WEATHER RADAR OBSERVATIONS R. A. Roebeling

Stoffelen, Ad

315

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cloud radar Doppler spectra in drizzling stratiform clouds: 1. Forward modeling and remote sensing broadening and drizzle growth in shallow liquid clouds remain not well understood. Detailed, cloudscale. Profiling, millimeterwavelength (cloud) radars can provide such observations. In particular, the first three

316

EFFICIENT ASSIMILATION OF RADAR DATA AT HIGH RESOLUTION FOR SHORT-RANGE NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-hydrostatic models, the rapid increase of computer power, and the avail- ability of full-precision radar data in real system must assimilate Doppler radar data including radial velocity and reflectivity, and combine that information with data from satellites, surface stations, and other meso- and micro-scale sensor networks

Xue, Ming

317

Vertical Structure of Tropical Cyclone Rainbands as Seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vertical Structure of Tropical Cyclone Rainbands as Seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar DEANNA A Measurement Mission satellite's Precipitation Radar (TRMM PR) show the vertical structure of tropical cyclone separated by the melting layer. The ice layer is a combination of particles imported from the eyewall

Houze Jr., Robert A.

318

Vertical Structure of Tropical Cyclone Rainbands as seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Vertical Structure of Tropical Cyclone Rainbands as seen by the TRMM Precipitation Radar Deanna A (TRMM PR) show the vertical structure of tropical cyclone rainbands. Radar-echo2 statistics show that rainbands have a two-layered structure, with distinct modes separated by the3 melting layer. The ice layer

Houze Jr., Robert A.

319

High Accuracy Three-Dimensional Radar Sensor Design based on Fuzzy Logic Control Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Accuracy Three-Dimensional Radar Sensor Design based on Fuzzy Logic Control Approach Lilin Guo in target tracking. Furthermore, a fuzzy logic controller is proposed to minimize the error between Tracking, Doppler Effect, Fuzzy Logic Controller I. INTRODUCTION Typically, radar sensors are comprised

Fan, Jeffrey

320

Small scale turbulence and instabilities observed simultaneously by radiosondes and the MU radar.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Small scale turbulence and instabilities observed simultaneously by radiosondes and the MU radar. R-French field campaign devoted to study small-scale turbulence and instabilities in the lower atmosphere for retrieving small-scale turbulence parameters from ST radars. However, the dominant sources

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Polarimetric Radar Observation Operator for a Cloud Model with Spectral Microphysics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-proven advantages such as hydro- meteor classification and improvement in radar data quality and rainfall modeling via improvement of micro- physical parameterization and direct assimilation of polarimetric radar the output of numerical cloud models was pioneered using the models with bulk parameterization of cloud micro

Mark, Pinsky

322

Operational Monitoring of Weather Radar Receiving Chain Using the Sun IWAN HOLLEMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operational Monitoring of Weather Radar Receiving Chain Using the Sun IWAN HOLLEMAN Royal, is presented. The ``online'' method is entirely based on the analysis of sun signals in the polar volume data- termining the weather radar antenna pointing at low elevations using sun signals, and it is suited

Stoffelen, Ad

323

Radar precipitation echo patterns associated with midwestern severe storms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to their appeaxattce en time-lapse Plan Position huttcator oscQloecope (Ppl scope) photogtaphs into several types including isolated and scattered echoes, widespread sheet achene, and several categories of Uae echoes. Cbkracterlstic feacures QF each of these types..., static stahfllty, aad mofsture COLLSCTlON OF DATh Radar doss used la the study coaslsssd of ppl scope Nims exposed at hMwestarn U. S. hlr Fates htr ~ Command (hDC) stathms during ths years 1955, 1956, and 1957. Proctpttatlon atteauathm could he...

Inman, Rex Lee

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Radar investigation of the Cote Blanche salt dome  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE COTE BLANCHE SALT DOME. Geology of the Cote Blanche Salt-Dome Azea. . Economic History of the Cote BLanche Salt-Dome Azea, Salt. . Oil and gas. III. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE PROPAGATION. . . Radar Speed in Air and in Salt. . . Velocity...' zznd i'r. mzznz 1959) . The east, south, end west flanks are nearly vertical. However, the north side oi the dome is characterised by a massive overhang. A well drilled by Shell Oil Company, Caffrey No. 1, confirmed the presence of a minimum of 3300...

Stewart, Robert Donald

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

On the effects of atmospheric refraction on radar ground patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of superrefraction. A radial pattern of AP echoes occurred in a number of cases when there was a strong gradient of N in an elevated refractive layer, but this pattern was not nearly as common as others. Investigations [10, 13, 14, 15, 16] of the atmosphere... when the antenna elevation angle is less than 2 deg and when there is an elevated refracting layer between 1500 ft and 3000 ft above the radar in which the gradient of refractivity is greater than 48N/1000 ft. ACKNONLEDGMENT The author wishes...

Cobb, Lalovee Glendale

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Sandia National Laboratories: evaluating wind-turbine/radar impacts  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia,evaluating wind-turbine/radar impacts Sandia Develops Tool to

327

Sandia National Laboratories: Oliktok Point Long Range Radar Station  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-Salt StorageNoLong Range Radar Station Sierra Unmanned

328

Raindrop size distributions and associated effective radar reflectivity comparisons /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-0. 629869Z6 19. 38 - 8. 59 6. 40 5. o3 0. 0001 0. 0001 0. 0001 0. 0001 F VALUE 184. 66 PR& F 0. 0001 STD DEV 0. 58555116 R-SQUARE 0. 527609 C. V. 41. 2185 LI'ISUBI MEAN 1. 42060192 DF 1 1 1 TYPE IV SS F VALUE 25. 27055111 73... for the detection of severe weather phenomena such as tornadoes, hailstorms, and severe thunderstomns. In addition to storm applications, radar observations, concurrent with di sdrometer determi- nations of raindrop spectra, are important data for cloud physics...

Gosdin, Malcolm Elwood

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Digitized dual wavelength radar data from a Texas thunderstorm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 1600 CST (Figure 12, p 34; Figure 14, p 37) between cells 8 and Di The maximum Z value in cell D is at least greater than 35 dBZ~ but the e 4 km gradient between the BWER and cell D is only 11 dBZ. The ti. lt of the core appears to he to the left... usually are separated by at least 150 km~ while severe thunderstorms frequently are distributed on a much smaller scale Thus~ weather radars, which can scan radial distances greater than 150 km~ serve as the most useful tool to facilitate severe storm...

Radlein, Robin Ann

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Statistical observations of the MLT, latitude and size of pulsed ionospheric ows with the CUTLASS Finland radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finland radar G. Provan, T. K. Yeoman Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester as detected by the CUTLASS Finland HF radar. These ¯ows have been suggested as being created scan data from the CUT- LASS Finland radar have been analysed in order to perform a statistical study

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Assessment of the Performance of the Chilbolton 3-GHz Advanced Meteorological Radar for Cloud-Top-Height Retrieval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The potential for this radar to make useful measurements of low-altitude liquid water cloud structure is investigated. To assess the cloud-height assignment capabilities of the 3-GHz radar, low-level cloudAssessment of the Performance of the Chilbolton 3-GHz Advanced Meteorological Radar for Cloud

332

Regional and Diurnal Variability of the Vertical Structure of Precipitation Systems in Africa Based on Spaceborne Radar Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) 2A25 radar reflectivity profiles and derived surface rain rates are used- cation of a radar brightband maximum at the freezing level, and evidence for low-level evaporation on Spaceborne Radar Data BART GEERTS AND TEFERI DEJENE Department of Atmospheric Science, University of Wyoming

Geerts, Bart

333

Vertical Velocity and Buoyancy Characteristics of Coherent Echo Plumes in the Convective Boundary Layer, Detected by a Profiling Airborne Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

scatterers (mostly insects). In this study, airborne radar measurements of the CBL are combined with flight-level Layer, Detected by a Profiling Airborne Radar QUN MIAO AND BART GEERTS University of Wyoming, Laramie 20 June 2005, in final form 8 November 2005) ABSTRACT Aircraft and airborne millimeter-wave radar

Geerts, Bart

334

Comparison of Airborne and Spaceborne 95-GHz Radar Reflectivities and Evaluation of Multiple Scattering Effects in Spaceborne Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of coincident measurements collected by an airborne 95-GHz radar during the African Monsoon Multidisci- plinary radar calibration is assessed. Collocated measurements of the spaceborne and airborne radars within the CloudSat measurements have to be corrected for this effect, if one wants to derive accurate level 2

Protat, Alain

335

Uncertainties in radar echo top heights used for hail detection L. Delobbe (1) and I. Holleman (2)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of hail is derived from the height of the freezing level and the 45-dBZ radar echo top height (maximum is based on the comparison between reflectivity measurements from two radars on the vertical cross section hail using reflectivity measurements from this type of radar. Most hail detection methods based

Stoffelen, Ad

336

A New Type of X-ray Condenser Lenses with Large Apertures Fabricated by Rolling of Structured Films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to meet the demand for X-ray lenses with large apertures and, hence, photon flux, a new type of X-ray lenses has been developed: Rolled prismatic X-ray lenses feature a vast number of refracting surfaces to increase transparency and aperture, respectively. Prototypes of such lenses have been fabricated by molding and rolling of a structured polyimide film. In this work, rolled prismatic X-ray lenses are pictured, and results of first tests performed at the ANKA storage ring in Karlsruhe are presented.

Simon, M.; Reznikova, E.; Nazmov, V.; Grund, T. [Institut fuer Mikrostrukturtechnik, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Last, A. [Institut fuer Mikrostrukturtechnik, Universitaet Karlsruhe Kaiserstrasse 12, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

337

Merged and corrected 915 MHz Radar Wind Profiler moments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radar wind profiler (RWP) present at the SGP central facility operates at 915 MHz and was reconfigured in early 2011, to collect key sets of measurements for precipitation and boundary layer studies. The RWP is configured to run in two main operating modes: a precipitation (PR) mode with frequent vertical observations and a boundary layer (BL) mode that is similar to what has been traditionally applied to RWPs. To address issues regarding saturation of the radar signal, range resolution and maximum range, the RWP PR mode is set to operate with two different pulse lengths, termed as short pulse (SP) and long pulse (LP). Please refer to the RWP handbook (Coulter, 2012) for further information. Data from the RWP PR-SP and PR-LP modes have been extensively used to study deep precipitating clouds, especially their dynamical structure as the RWP data does not suffer from signal attenuation during these conditions (Giangrande et al., 2013). Tridon et al. (2013) used the data collected during the Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E) to improve the estimation of noise floor of the RWP recorded Doppler spectra.

Jonathan Helmus,Virendra Ghate, Frederic Tridon

2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

338

Radar Observations of the 2011 October Draconid Outburst  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A strong outburst of the October Draconid meteor shower was predicted for October 8, 2011. Here we present the observations obtained by the Canadian Meteor Orbit Radar (CMOR) during the 2011 outburst. CMOR recorded 61 multi-station Draconid echoes and 179 single-station overdense Draconid echoes (covering the magnitude range of +3 <= MV <= +7) between 16-20h UT on October 8, 2011. The mean radiant for the outburst was determined to be a_g = 261.9o +/- 0.3o, d_g = +55.3o +/- 0.3o (J2000) from observations of the underdense multi-station echoes. This radiant location agrees with model predictions to ~1o . The determined geocentric velocity was found to be ~10-15% lower than the model value (17.0 - 19.1 km s^-1 versus 20.4 km s^-1), a discrepancy we attribute to undercorrection for atmospheric deceleration of low density Draconid meteoroids as well as to poor radar radiant geometry during the outburst peak. The mass index at the time of the outburst was determined to be ~ 1.75 using the amplitude distribut...

Ye, Quanzhi; Campbell-Brown, Margaret D; Weryk, Robert J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Merged and corrected 915 MHz Radar Wind Profiler moments  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The radar wind profiler (RWP) present at the SGP central facility operates at 915 MHz and was reconfigured in early 2011, to collect key sets of measurements for precipitation and boundary layer studies. The RWP is configured to run in two main operating modes: a precipitation (PR) mode with frequent vertical observations and a boundary layer (BL) mode that is similar to what has been traditionally applied to RWPs. To address issues regarding saturation of the radar signal, range resolution and maximum range, the RWP PR mode is set to operate with two different pulse lengths, termed as short pulse (SP) and long pulse (LP). Please refer to the RWP handbook (Coulter, 2012) for further information. Data from the RWP PR-SP and PR-LP modes have been extensively used to study deep precipitating clouds, especially their dynamical structure as the RWP data does not suffer from signal attenuation during these conditions (Giangrande et al., 2013). Tridon et al. (2013) used the data collected during the Mid-latitude Continental Convective Cloud Experiment (MC3E) to improve the estimation of noise floor of the RWP recorded Doppler spectra.

Jonathan Helmus,Virendra Ghate, Frederic Tridon

340

Direct imaging with highly diluted apertures. I. Field of view limitations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future optical interferometric instrumentation mainly relies on the availability of an efficient cophasing system: once available, what has so far postponed the relevance of direct imaging with an interferometer will vanish. This paper focuses on the actual limits of snapshot imaging, inherent to the use of a sparse aperture: the number of telescopes and the geometry of the array impose the maximum extent of the field of view and the complexity of the sources. A second limitation may arise from the beam combination scheme. Comparing already available solutions, we show that the so called hypertelescope mode (or densified pupil) is ideal. By adjusting the direct imaging field of view to the useful field of view offered by the array, the hypertelescope makes an optimal use of the collected photons. It optimizes signal to noise ratio, drastically improves the luminosity of images and makes the interferometer compatible with coronagraphy, without inducing any loss of useful field of view.

O. Lardiere; F. Martinache; F. Patru

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Improvement of the dynamic aperture in Chasman Green lattice design light source storage rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Chasman-Green half cell illustrates a typical electron or positron storage ring lattice specifically designed for photon beams from undulators and wigglers located in each dispersion-free straight section. The need for a small particle beam emittance requires that the horizontal phase advance per cell should be in the neighborhood of 0.9 x 2 . Necessary chromaticity correcting sextupoles, S/sub D/ and S/sub F/, located in the dispersion straight section introduce non-linear perturbations which limit the dynamic aperture because of amplitude dependent tune shifts. Two families of sextupoles, S1 and S2, can be introduced into the dispersion-free region to moderate the more harmful effects of S/sub D/ and S/sub F/. The nature of the perturbations are discussed and some guidelines for the adjustment of S1 and S2 sextupoles are given.

Crosbie, E.A.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Automatic image analysis for detecting and quantifying gamma-ray sources in coded-aperture images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report the development of an automatic image analysis system that detects gamma-ray source regions in images obtained from a coded aperture, gamma-ray imager. The number of gamma sources in the image is not known prior to analysis. The system counts the number (K) of gamma sources detected in the image and estimates the lower bound for the probability that the number of sources in the image is K. The system consists of a two-stage pattern classification scheme in which the probabilistic neural network is used in the supervised learning mode. The algorithms were developed and tested using real gamma-ray images from controlled experiments in which the number and location of depleted uranium source disks in the scene are known. The novelty of the work lies in the creative combination of algorithms and the successful application of the algorithms to real images of gamma-ray sources.

Schaich, P.C.; Sengupta, S.K.; Ziock, K.P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Clark, G.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Center for Image Processing and Integrated Computing

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Computer vision for detecting and quantifying gamma-ray sources in coded-aperture images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report the development of an automatic image analysis system that detects gamma-ray source regions in images obtained from a coded aperture, gamma-ray imager. The number of gamma sources in the image is not known prior to analysis. The system counts the number (K) of gamma sources detected in the image and estimates the lower bound for the probability that the number of sources in the image is K. The system consists of a two-stage pattern classification scheme in which the Probabilistic Neural Network is used in the supervised learning mode. The algorithms were developed and tested using real gamma-ray images from controlled experiments in which the number and location of depleted uranium source disks in the scene are known.

Schaich, P.C.; Clark, G.A.; Sengupta, S.K.; Ziock, K.P.

1994-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

344

Debris-less method and apparatus for forming apertures in hollow metallic articles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention is a method for forming an aperture in a wall of a hollow metallic article without introducing metallic debris therein. In a typical operation, an annular groove is formed in an exterior portion of the wall. The groove defines an annular wall segment, and the bottom of the groove is shaped to slope downwardly away from the segment to form a tapered annular web which connects the segment to the wall. Any suitable coupling is attached to the outer face of the segment, as by welding. Pull then is applied to the coupling to effect circumferential breakage of the web, thus forming a removable single-piece wall fragment consisting of the web and segment. The fragment and the coupling member attached thereto then are removed from the wall.

Jordan, C.L.; Chodelka, E.J.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

345

Operating Water Cherenkov Detectors in high altitude sites for the Large Aperture GRB Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Cherenkov Detectors (WCD) are efficient detectors for detecting GRBs in the 10 GeV - 1 TeV energy range using the single particle technique, given their sensitivity to low energy secondary photons produced by high energy photons when cascading in the atmosphere. The Large Aperture GRB Observatory (LAGO) operates arrays of WCD in high altitude sites (above 4500 m a.s.l.) in Bolivia, Mexico and Venezuela, with planned extension to Peru. Details on the operation and stability of these WCD in remote sites with high background rates of particles will be detailed, and compared to simulations. Specific issues due to operation at high altitude, atmospheric effects and solar activity, as well as possible hardware enhancements will also be presented.

Allard, D; Asorey, H; Barros, H; Bertou, X; Castillo, M; Chirinos, J M; De Castro, A; Flores, S; González, J; Berisso, M Gomez; Grajales, J; Guada, C; Day, W R Guevara; Ishitsuka, J; López, J A; Martínez, O; Melfo, A; Meza, E; Loza, P Miranda; Barbosa, E Moreno; Murrugarra, C; Núñez, L A; Ormachea, L J Otiniano; Pérez, G; Perez, Y; Ponce, E; Quispe, J; Quintero, C; Rivera, H; Rosales, M; Rovero, A C; Saavedra, O; Salazar, H; Tello, J C; Peralda, R Ticona; Varela, E; Velarde, A; Villaseñor, L; Wahl, D; Zamalloa, M A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Vertical profiles of radar reflectivity of convective cells in tropical and mid-latitude mesoscale convective systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the radar beam for the NCAR CP-3 and CP-4 Doppler radars and the NOAA/TOGA Doppler radar as a function of beamwidth 3 Maximum ref lectivity at selected heights and the range to the closest radar, at 4. 4 km, for the convective cells from the 10-11 June... Maximum ref lectivity at selected heights and the range to the NOAA/TOGA Doppler radar, at 3. 9 km, for the convective cells from the 2 December 1988 monsoon case 21 21 51 56 63 70 76 Table 8 As in Table 7, except for the convective cells from...

Lutz, Kurt Reed

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Abstract--We have recently completed a large-area, coded-aperture, gamma-ray imager for use in searching for radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- We have recently completed a large-area, coded- aperture, gamma-ray imager for use. The in- strument uses a rank-19, one-dimensional coded aperture to cast shadow patterns onto a 0.57 m2 Na sufficient radiation can reach a large gamma-ray detec- tor from a small source to make detection possible

Horn, Berthold K.P.

348

April 1, 2000 / Vol. 25, No. 7 / OPTICS LETTERS 439 Anomaly in a high-numerical-aperture diffractive focusing lens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

^x; sxsy 1 1 sz ^y; 2sx ^z . (2) The apodization factor Av is based on conservation of energy size at the focus reaches a minimum at a numerical aperture of 0.5 and then increases significantly lenses with low rather than high NA's can be analyzed by use of standard scalar theory, for which

Friesem, Asher A.

349

Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) coupling to complex systems : aperture coupling into canonical cavities in reverberant and anechoic environments and model validation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mode-stirred chamber and anechoic chamber measurements were made on two sets of canonical test objects (cylindrical and rectangular) with varying numbers of thin slot apertures. The shielding effectiveness was compared to determine the level of correction needed to compensate the mode-stirred data to levels commensurate with anechoic data from the same test object.

Charley, Dawna R.; Higgins, Matthew B.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Measurement of fracture aperture fields using transmitted light: An evaluation of measurement errors and their influence on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of fracture aperture fields using transmitted light: An evaluation of measurement errors and their influence on simulations of flow and transport through a single fracture Russell L in fractures can be greatly enhanced through experimentation in transparent systems (analogs or replicas) where

Detwiler, Russell

351

1008 ieee transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, vol. 53, no. 5, may 2006 An Iterative Synthetic Aperture Imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

characteristics, or the minimum trans- mitted acoustical power required for obtaining a sufficient signal are with Uppsala University, Signals and Systems group, Uppsala, Sweden (e-mail: ew@signal.uu.se). An attempt wave is assumed to be located in the focal point of the aperture. The virtual source technique has been

352

ieee transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, vol. 54, no. 7, july 2007 1399 An Implementation of Synthetic Aperture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), they are relatively unknown in medical applications and nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of materials. Only a simple time-domain SAFT (t-d SAFT) has been applied in NDE for detection and characterization of defects as on the size of the transducer used in synthetic aperture [3]. Usually, the NDE and medical SAFT

353

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 474 (2001) 273­284 Optimal coded aperture patterns for improved SNR in nuclear medicine imaging Roberto Accorsia , Francesca Gasparinib , Richard C. Lanzaa, * a Nuclear Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Room NW13-221, 77

Schettini, Raimondo

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Synthetic Aperture and 3D Imaging for Mine Hunting Sonar F. Florin F. Fohanno I. Quidu J.-P. Malkasse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for various existing systems as hull mounted sonar and unmanned underwater vehicles : synthetic aperture.-P. Malkasse Thales Underwater Systems Route de sainte Anne du Portzic, CS 43814, 29238 Brest cedex 3, France to an acceptable level. These MCM operations require resources (sonar, sweep, vehicle,...) that are necessary

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Design and evaluation of a variable aperture collimator for conformal radiotherapy of small animals using a microCT scanner  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Treatment of small animals with radiation has in general been limited to planar fields shaped with lead blocks, complicating spatial localization of dose and treatment of deep-seated targets. In order to advance laboratory radiotherapy toward what is accomplished in the clinic, we have constructed a variable aperture collimator for use in shaping the beam of microCT scanner. This unit can image small animal subjects at high resolution, and is capable of delivering therapeutic doses in reasonable exposure times. The proposed collimator consists of two stages, each containing six trapezoidal brass blocks that move along a frame in a manner similar to a camera iris producing a hexagonal aperture of variable size. The two stages are offset by 30 deg. and adjusted for the divergence of the x-ray beam so as to produce a dodecagonal profile at isocenter. Slotted rotating driving plates are used to apply force to pins in the collimator blocks and effect collimator motion. This device has been investigated through both simulation and measurement. The collimator aperture size varied from 0 to 8.5 cm as the driving plate angle increased from 0 to 41 deg. . The torque required to adjust the collimator varied from 0.5 to 5 N{center_dot}m, increasing with increasing driving plate angle. The transmission profiles produced by the scanner at isocenter exhibited a penumbra of approximately 10% of the collimator aperture width. Misalignment between the collimator assembly and the x-ray source could be identified on the transmission images and corrected by adjustment of the collimator location. This variable aperture collimator technology is therefore a feasible and flexible solution for adjustable shaping of radiation beams for use in small animal radiotherapy as well as other applications in which beam shaping is desired.

Graves, Edward E.; Zhou Hu; Chatterjee, Raja; Keall, Paul J.; Gambhir, Sanjiv Sam; Contag, Christopher H.; Boyer, Arthur L. [Department of Radiology Oncology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology Oncology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Scott and White Hospital, Temple, Texas 76508 (United States)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Ultra-wideband short-pulse radar with range accuracy for short range detection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultra-wideband (UWB) radar transmitter apparatus comprises a pulse generator configured to produce from a sinusoidal input signal a pulsed output signal having a series of baseband pulses with a first pulse repetition frequency (PRF). The pulse generator includes a plurality of components that each have a nonlinear electrical reactance. A signal converter is coupled to the pulse generator and configured to convert the pulsed output signal into a pulsed radar transmit signal having a series of radar transmit pulses with a second PRF that is less than the first PRF.

Rodenbeck, Christopher T; Pankonin, Jeffrey; Heintzleman, Richard E; Kinzie, Nicola Jean; Popovic, Zorana P

2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

357

915-MHz Radar Wind Profiler (915RWP) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 915 MHz radar wind profiler/radio acoustic sounding system (RWP/RASS) measures wind profiles and backscattered signal strength between (nominally) 0.1 km and 5 km and virtual temperature profiles between 0.1 km and 2.5 km. It operates by transmitting electromagnetic energy into the atmosphere and measuring the strength and frequency of backscattered energy. Virtual temperatures are recovered by transmitting an acoustic signal vertically and measuring the electromagnetic energy scattered from the acoustic wavefront. Because the propagation speed of the acoustic wave is proportional to the square root of the virtual temperature of the air, the virtual temperature can be recovered by measuring the Doppler shift of the scattered electromagnetic wave.

Coulter, R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Digital hf radar observations of equatorial spread-F  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modern digital ionosondes, with both direction finding and doppler capabilities can provide large scale pictures of the Spread-F irregularity regions. A morphological framework has been developed that allows interpretation of the hf radar data. A large scale irregularity structure is found to be nightward of the dusk terminator, stationary in the solar reference frame. As the plasma moves through this foehn-wall-like structure it descends, and irregularities may be generated. Localized upwellings, or bubbles, may be produced, and they drift with the background plasma. The spread-F irregularity region is found to be best characterized as a partly cloudy sky, due to the patchiness of the substructures. 13 references, 16 figures.

Argo, P.E.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Lightning and radar observations of hurricane Rita landfall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) owns and operates an array of Very-Low Frequency (VLF) sensors that measure the Radio-Frequency (RF) waveforms emitted by Cloud-to-Ground (CG) and InCloud (IC) lightning. This array, the Los Alamos Sferic Array (LASA), has approximately 15 sensors concentrated in the Great Plains and Florida, which detect electric field changes in a bandwidth from 200 Hz to 500 kHz (Smith et al., 2002). Recently, LANL has begun development of a new dual-band RF sensor array that includes the Very-High Frequency (VHF) band as well as the VLF. Whereas VLF lightning emissions can be used to deduce physical parameters such as lightning type and peak current, VHF emissions can be used to perform precise 3d mapping of individual radiation sources, which can number in the thousands for a typical CG flash. These new dual-band sensors will be used to monitor lightning activity in hurricanes in an effort to better predict intensification cycles. Although the new LANL dual-band array is not yet operational, we have begun initial work utilizing both VLF and VHF lightning data to monitor hurricane evolution. In this paper, we present the temporal evolution of Rita's landfall using VLF and VHF lightning data, and also WSR-88D radar. At landfall, Rita's northern eyewall experienced strong updrafts and significant lightning activity that appear to mark a transition between oceanic hurricane dynamics and continental thunderstorm dynamics. In section 2, we give a brief overview of Hurricane Rita, including its development as a hurricane and its lightning history. In the following section, we present WSR-88D data of Rita's landfall, including reflectivity images and temporal variation. In section 4, we present both VHF and VLF lightning data, overplotted on radar reflectivity images. Finally, we discuss our observations, including a comparison to previous studies and a brief conclusion.

Henderson, Bradley G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Suszcynsky, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamlin, Timothy E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jeffery, C A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wiens, Kyle C [TEXAS TECH U.; Orville, R E [TEXAS A& M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Phase coded, micro-power impulse radar motion sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motion sensing, micro-power impulse radar MIR impresses on the transmitted signal, or the received pulse timing signal, one or more frequencies lower than the pulse repetition frequency, that become intermediate frequencies in a ``IF homodyne`` receiver. Thus, many advantages of classical RF receivers can be thereby be realized with ultra-wide band radar. The sensor includes a transmitter which transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal at a nominal pulse repetition frequency. A receiver samples echoes of the sequence of electromagnetic pulses from objects within the field with controlled timing, in response to a receive timing signal, and generates a sample signal in response to the samples. A timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The relative timing of the transmit timing signal and the receive timing signal is modulated between a first relative delay and a second relative delay at an intermediate frequency, causing the receiver to sample the echoes such that the time between transmissions of pulses in the sequence and samples by the receiver is modulated at the intermediate frequency. Modulation may be executed by modulating the pulse repetition frequency which drives the transmitter, by modulating the delay circuitry which controls the relative timing of the sample strobe, or by modulating amplitude of the transmitted pulses. The electromagnetic pulses will have a nominal center frequency related to pulse width, and the first relative delay and the second relative delay between which the timing signals are modulated, differ by less than the nominal pulse width, and preferably by about one-quarter wavelength at the nominal center frequency of the transmitted pulses. 5 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Phase coded, micro-power impulse radar motion sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motion sensing, micro-power impulse radar MIR impresses on the transmitted signal, or the received pulse timing signal, one or more frequencies lower than the pulse repetition frequency, that become intermediate frequencies in a "IF homodyne" receiver. Thus, many advantages of classical RF receivers can be thereby be realized with ultra-wide band radar. The sensor includes a transmitter which transmits a sequence of electromagnetic pulses in response to a transmit timing signal at a nominal pulse repetition frequency. A receiver samples echoes of the sequence of electromagnetic pulses from objects within the field with controlled timing, in response to a receive timing signal, and generates a sample signal in response to the samples. A timing circuit supplies the transmit timing signal to the transmitter and supplies the receive timing signal to the receiver. The relative timing of the transmit timing signal and the receive timing signal is modulated between a first relative delay and a second relative delay at an intermediate frequency, causing the receiver to sample the echoes such that the time between transmissions of pulses in the sequence and samples by the receiver is modulated at the intermediate frequency. Modulation may be executed by modulating the pulse repetition frequency which drives the transmitter, by modulating the delay circuitry which controls the relative timing of the sample strobe, or by modulating amplitude of the transmitted pulses. The electromagnetic pulses will have a nominal center frequency related to pulse width, and the first relative delay and the second relative delay between which the timing signals are modulated, differ by less than the nominal pulse width, and preferably by about one-quarter wavelength at the nominal center frequency of the transmitted pulses.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Doppler-radar wind-speed measurements in tornadoes: A comparison of real and simulated spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bluestein and Unruh have discussed the advantages of using a portable doppler radar to map the wind field in tornadoes. during the spring of 1991 a storm-intercept team from the University of Oklahoma (OU) collected data near five supercell tornadoes in Oklahoma and Kansas. Details about the 1-W, 3-cm, 5-deg half-power beamwidth, CW/FM-CW Doppler radar we used and the methods of data collection and analysis are found in Bluestein and Unruh and Bluestein et al. Using the portable radar, we approximately doubled in only one year the number of tornado spectra that had been collected over a period of almost 20 years by NSSL`s fixed-site Doppler radar. In this paper we will compare observed tornado wind spectra with simulated wind spectra (Zmic and Doviak 1975) in order to learn more about tornado structure.

Bluestein, H.B.; LaDue, J.G.; Stein, H.; Speheger, D. [Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States); Unruh, W.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Doppler-radar wind-speed measurements in tornadoes: A comparison of real and simulated spectra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bluestein and Unruh have discussed the advantages of using a portable doppler radar to map the wind field in tornadoes. during the spring of 1991 a storm-intercept team from the University of Oklahoma (OU) collected data near five supercell tornadoes in Oklahoma and Kansas. Details about the 1-W, 3-cm, 5-deg half-power beamwidth, CW/FM-CW Doppler radar we used and the methods of data collection and analysis are found in Bluestein and Unruh and Bluestein et al. Using the portable radar, we approximately doubled in only one year the number of tornado spectra that had been collected over a period of almost 20 years by NSSL's fixed-site Doppler radar. In this paper we will compare observed tornado wind spectra with simulated wind spectra (Zmic and Doviak 1975) in order to learn more about tornado structure.

Bluestein, H.B.; LaDue, J.G.; Stein, H.; Speheger, D. (Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (United States)); Unruh, W.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Ground penetrating radar characterization of wood piles and the water table in Back Bay, Boston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys are performed to determine the depth to the water table and the tops of wood piles beneath a residential structure at 122 Beacon Street in Back Bay, Boston. The area of Boston known ...

LeFrançois, Suzanne O'Neil, 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

12B.4 2010 PHASEDARRAY RADAR INNOVATIVE SENSING EXPERIMENT Pam Heinselman 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sensing Experiment (PARISE) via two components: radar data collection and National Weather Service (NWS." This sampling approach provides denser sampling at low altitudes, where it is needed most. In PARISE 2010

366

Millimeter-wave radar sensor for automotive intelligent cruise control (ICC)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If automotive intelligent cruise-control (ICC) systems are to be successful in the marketplace, they must provide robust performance in a complex roadway environment. Inconveniences caused by reduced performance during inclement weather, interrupted performance due to dropped tracks, and annoying nuisance alarms will not be tolerated by the consumer, and would likely result in the rejection of this technology in the marketplace. An all-weather automotive millimeter-wave (MMW) radar sensor is described that uses a frequency-modulation coplanar-wave (FMCW) radar design capable of acquiring and tracking all obstacles in its field of view. Design tradeoffs are discussed and radar-sensor test results are presented along with the applicability of the radar to collision-warning systems.

Russell, M.E.; Crain, A.; Curran, A.; Campbell, R.A.; Drubin, C.A.; Miccioli, W.F. [Raytheon, Tewksbury, MA (United States)] [Raytheon, Tewksbury, MA (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A census of precipitation features in the tropics using TRMM: radar, ice scattering, and lightning observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and two ocean regions during August, September and October 1998, this study used radar retrievals and 85 GHz Polarization Corrected Temperatures (PCTs, which passively measure relative concentrations of precipitation-sized ice particles within a cloud...

Nesbitt, Stephen William

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Weather Radar and Hydrology 1 Influence of rainfall spatial variability on hydrological modelling: a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weather Radar and Hydrology 1 Influence of rainfall spatial variability on hydrological modelling variability as well as characteristics and hydrological behavior of catchments, we have proceeded simulator and a distributed hydrological model (with four production functions and a distributed transfer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

369

Ground penetrating radar technique to locate coal mining related features: case studies in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The goal of this research project is to identify the efficacy of the ground penetrating radar (GPR) technique in locating underground coal mine related subsidence features at Malakoff and Bastrop, Texas. The work at Malakoff has been done...

Save, Neelambari R

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

370

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquisition regime radar Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

except the data acquisition system and the controller unit... A New Coherent Radar for Ice Sounding in Greenland A. Moussessian 1 , R.L. Jordan 1 , E. Rodriguez... : (818)...

371

Multiple-scattering in radar systems: A review Alessandro Battaglia a,b,, Simone Tanelli c  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Multiple-scattering in radar systems: A review Alessandro Battaglia a,b,Ã, Simone Tanelli c. Tel.: +44 116 2709859. E-mail address: a.battaglia@le.ac.uk (A. Battaglia). Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer ] (

Hogan, Robin

372

Off-The-Grid X-band Weather Radar Network for the West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ Industry ­ Government · UPRM, UMASS, OU and CSU #12;10,000 ft tornado wind snow 3.05km 04080120160200240 Radar Radar Specifications: · Furuno Marine Based · Frequency = 9.41 GHz · Peak Power = 4 kW / 25 k #12;Results #12;August 29, 2010 #12;Advantages · Low Cost ­ Almost 10 times cheaper than current · Low

Gilbes, Fernando

373

Assessing the capabilities of ground penetrating radar for applications in geologic and engineering subsurface studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of different display parameters from GSSI's RADAN software package . . . 21 (a) Unfiltered radar profile over an underground storage tank. (b) Profile (a) has been filtered wdth a horizontal high pass boxcar filter, removing the long horizontal reflector... and processed in the laboratory using RADAN, interpretation software developed by GSSI. The radar profile (or radargram) seen on the computer screen is a composition of paraUel series of amplitude versus time. The darkness or color displayed is proportional...

Servos, Stacia Lynn

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Radar cross section of triangular trihedral reflector with extended bottom plate.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trihedral corner reflectors are the preferred canonical target for SAR performance evaluation for many radar development programs. The conventional trihedrals have problems with substantially reduced Radar Cross Section (RCS) at low grazing angles, unless they are tilted forward, but in which case other problems arise. Consequently there is a need for better low grazing angle performance for trihedrals. This is facilitated by extending the bottom plate. A relevant analysis of RCS for an infinite ground plate is presented. Practical aspects are also discussed.

Brock, Billy C.; Doerry, Armin Walter

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

CLOUD CHARACTERISTICS FROM DUAL WAVELENGTH MILLIMETREWAVE RADAR Robin J. Hogan , Anthony J. Illingworth and Henri Sauvageot +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

­ veloping radar algorithms for measuring LWC is the ubiq­ uitous presence of occasional drizzle drops, which is clearly measurable even for vertically­pointing radars. The differential attenuation due to atmospheric and mean­sea­level pressure it has a (two­way) value of 1.0 dBkm 1 if the air is saturated. Measurements

Reading, University of

376

Thunderstorm lightning and radar characteristics: insights on electrification and severe weather forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

thunderstorm?s dynamics and electrification processes operate. The advent of the WSR- 88D nationwide (U. S.) radar system, the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN), and 3-dimensional lightning mapping systems (here the Lightning Detection... that are related to storm intensity and can assist in predicting severe weather. 2. Data and methodology The radar data used in this study were from the Dallas-Fort Worth WSR-88D (KFWS), obtained from the National Climatic Data Center...

Steiger, Scott Michael

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

377

Thickness estimation of subsurface layers in asphalt pavement using monstatic ground penetrating radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering THICKNESS ESTIMATION OF SUBSURFACE LAYERS IN ASPHALT PAVEMENT USING MONSTATIC GROUND PENETRATING RADAR A Thesis CHUN LOK LAU Approved as to style and content by... ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. LIST OF FIGURES. . CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. 1. 1 Importance of pavement profile data. 1. 2 Principle of Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) . . . 1. 3 Subsurface layer thickness measurement method. . . . . . II GPR ANTENNA AND SYSTEM CALIBRATION...

Lau, Chun Lok

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Some effects of range upon AN/CPS-9 radar reflectivities in thunderstorms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOMB BFFBCTS OF RANGE UPON AN/CPS-9 RADAR RBFLECTIVITIBS IN THUNDBRSTORMS A Thesis Tommy Eugene Sanford Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1961 Major Subject: Meteorology SOME EFFECI'S OF RANGE UPON AN/CPS-9 RADAR REFLECTIVITIES IN THUNDERSTORMS A Thesis Tommy Eugene Sanford Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committe ) 4~4 (Head...

Sanford, Tom E

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Laser radar VI; Proceedings of the Meeting, Los Angeles, CA, Jan. 23-25, 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Topics presented include lidar wind shear detection for commercial aircraft, centroid tracking of range-Doppler images, an analytic approach to centroid performance analysis, simultaneous active/passive IR vehicle detection, and resolution limits for high-resolution imaging lidar. Also presented are laser velocimetry applications, the application of laser radar to autonomous spacecraft landing, 3D laser radar simulation for autonomous spacecraft landing, and ground based CW atmospheric Doppler lidar performamce modeling.

Becherer, R.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

3D synthetic aperture PIV measurements from artificial vibrating vocal folds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During speech, air from the lungs is forced past the vocal folds which vibrate, producing sound. A pulsatile jet of air is formed downstream of the vibrating folds which interacts with the various structures in the airway. Currently, it is postulated that the way this jet interacts with the downstream structures in the airway directly affects the quality of human speech. In order to better understand this jet, it is desirable to visualize the jet in three dimensions. We present the results of a method that reconstructs the three dimensional velocity field using Synthetic aperture PIV (SAPIV) \\cite{Belden:2010}. SAPIV uses an array of high-speed cameras to artificially create a single camera with a variable focal length. This is accomplished by overlapping the images from the array to create a "focal stack". As the images are increasingly overlapped, more distant image planes come into focus. 3D PIV is then performed on the "refocused" focal stack to reconstruct the flow field in three dimensions. SAPIV has th...

Daily, Jesse; Belden, Jesse; Thomson, Scott; Truscott, Tadd

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

GPU-based ultra-fast direct aperture optimization for online adaptive radiation therapy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Online adaptive radiation therapy (ART) has great promise to significantly reduce normal tissue toxicity and/or improve tumor control through real-time treatment adaptations based on the current patient anatomy. However, the major technical obstacle for clinical realization of online ART, namely the inability to achieve real-time efficiency in treatment re-planning, has yet to be solved. To overcome this challenge, this paper presents our work on the implementation of an intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) direct aperture optimization (DAO) algorithm on graphics processing unit (GPU) based on our previous work on CPU. We formulate the DAO problem as a large-scale convex programming problem, and use an exact method called column generation approach to deal with its extremely large dimensionality on GPU. Five 9-field prostate and five 5-field head-and-neck IMRT clinical cases with 5\\times5 mm2 beamlet size and 2.5\\times2.5\\times2.5 mm3 voxel size were used to evaluate our algorithm on GPU. It takes onl...

Men, Chunhua; Jiang, Steve B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

SNM neutron detection using a time-gated synthetic aperture hybrid approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work focuses on using forward and adjoint transport in a hybrid application of 3-D deterministic (PENTRAN) and Monte Carlo (MCNP5) codes to model a series of neutron detector blocks. These blocks, or 'channels, ' contain a unique set of moderators with 4 atm He-3 detectors tuned to detect and profile a gross energy spectrum of a passing neutron (SNM) source. Ganging the units together as a large area system enables one to apply time gating the source-detector response to maximize signal to noise responses from a passing source with minimal background; multiple units may be positioned as a collective synthetic aperture detector array to be used as a way of performing real time neutron spectroscopy for detecting special nuclear materials in moving vehicles. The initial design, detector response coupling, confirmation of initial design functionality using adjoint transport calculations, and realistic simulation using PENTRAN and MCNP5 are presented. Future work will include optimization and application to realistic scenarios and additional sources. (authors)

Molinar, M.; Yi, C.; Edgar, C. A.; Manalo, K.; Chin, M.; Sjoden, G. [Nuclear and Radiological Engineering Program, George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 770 State Street, Atlanta GA 30332-0745 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Analysis to determine the maximum dimensions of flexible apertures in sensored security netting products.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.

Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Status of the ACRF Millimeter Wave Cloud Radars (MMCRs), the Path Forward for Future MMCR Upgrades, the Concept of 3D Volume Imaging Radar and the UAV Radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States (U.S.) Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) operates millimeter wavelength cloud radars (MMCRs) in several climatological regimes. The MMCRs, are the primary observing tool for quantifying the properties of nearly all radiatively important clouds over the ACRF sites. The first MMCR was installed at the ACRF Southern Great Plains (SGP) site nine years ago and its original design can be traced to the early 90s. Since then, several MMCRs have been deployed at the ACRF sites, while no significant hardware upgrades have been performed. Recently, a two-stage upgrade (first C-40 Digital Signal Processors [DSP]-based, and later the PC-Integrated Radar AcQuisition System [PIRAQ-III] digital receiver) of the MMCR signal-processing units was completed. Our future MMCR related goals are: 1) to have a cloud radar system that continues to have high reliability and uptime and 2) to suggest potential improvements that will address increased sensitivity needs, superior sampling and low cost maintenance of the MMCRs. The Traveling Wave Tube (TWT) technology, the frequency (35-GHz), the radio frequency (RF) layout, antenna, the calibration and radar control procedure and the environmental enclosure of the MMCR remain assets for our ability to detect the profile of hydrometeors at all heights in the troposphere at the ACRF sites.

P Kollias; MA Miller; KB Widener; RT Marchand; TP Ackerman

2005-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

385

Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator Designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

Kirby, GA; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Gentini, L; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, JC; de Rijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Härö, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

Kirby, G; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J; DeRijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; Ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Haro, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A Close Companion Search around L Dwarfs using Aperture Masking Interferometry and Palomar Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a close companion search around sixteen known early-L dwarfs using aperture masking interferometry with Palomar laser guide star adaptive optics. The use of aperture masking allows the detection of close binaries, corresponding to projected physical separations of 0.6-10.0 AU for the targets of our survey. This survey achieved median contrast limits of Delta_K ~ 2.3 for separations between 1.2 - 4 lambda/D, and Delta_K ~ 1.4 at (2/3)lambda/D. We present four candidate binaries detected with moderate to high confidence (90-98%). Two have projected physical separations less than 1.5 AU. This may indicate that tight-separation binaries contribute more significantly to the binary fraction than currently assumed, consistent with spectroscopic and photometric overluminosity studies. Ten targets of this survey have previously been observed with the Hubble Space Telescope as part of companion searches. We use the increased resolution of aperture masking to search for close or dim companions that would be o...

Bernat, David; Ireland, Michael; Tuthill, Peter; Martinache, Frantz; Angione, John; Burruss, Rick S; Cromer, John L; Dekany, Richard G; Guiwits, Stephen R; Henning, John R; Hickey, Jeff; Kibblewhite, Edward; McKenna, Daniel L; Moore, Anna M; Petrie, Harold L; Roberts, Jennifer; Shelton, J Chris; Thicksten, Robert P; Trinh, Thang; Tripathi, Renu; Troy, Mitchell; Truong, Tuan; Velur, Viswa; Lloyd, James P

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Finding Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fining Large Aperture Fractures in Geothermal Resource Areas Using A Three-Component Long-Offset Surface Seismic Survey, PSInSAR, and Kinematic Analysis presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

389

Airborne UHF Radar for Fine Resolution Mapping of Near Surface Accumulation Layers in Greenland and West Antarctica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................................................. 1 1.1 MOTIVATION ............................................................................................................................................................ 1 1.2 DOCUMENT ORGANIZATION... .................................................................................................................................. 3 CHAPTER 2: BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................................ 3 2.1 PREVIOUS ACCUMULATION RADAR DEVELOPMENT...

Lewis, Cameron Scott

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Crustal deformation and source models of the Yellowstone volcanicfield from geodetic data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geodetic observations, comprised of InterferometricSynthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), Global Positioning System (GPS). andleveling measurements, are used to infer volume change in the subsurfaceassociated with the Yellowstone volcanic system. We find that existingfaults play a significant role in controlling subsurface volume increasesand decreases due to fluid migration within the volcanic system. Forexample, subsidence from 1992 to 1995 appears to be associated withvolume changes below the Elephant Back fault zone and a north-southtrending fault which cuts across the caldera. Furthermore, we are able toimage an episode of magma intrusion near the northern edge of the calderawhich parallels and is adjacent to the north trending volume decrease.The primary intrusion occurred between 1996 and 2000, though theintrusion appears to have continnued, shallowed, and changed shapebetween 2000 and 2001. There is evidence that the intrusive activityaffected extensional fauts to the north of the caldera.

Vasco, D.W.; Puskas, C.M.; Smith, R.B.; Meertens, C.M.

2006-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

391

Antriorisation/aperture des voyelles /1/~/o/ en franais du Nord et du Sud Philippe Boula de Mareil, Martine Adda-Decker, Ccile Woehrling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Antériorisation/aperture des voyelles /1/~/o/ en français du Nord et du Sud Philippe Boula de voyelles moyennes /1/~/o/ en français du Nord et du Sud. Des contraintes phonologiques spécifiques pèsent cas il y a désaccord entre les dictionnaires de prononciation quant à l'aperture de la voyelle finale

Boula de Mareüil, Philippe

392

The Use of Radar Methods to Determine Moisture Content in the Vadose Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water content is a critical parameter affecting both liquid-phase and vapor-phase contaminant transport in the vadose zone. This means that accurate estimates of in situ water content must be obtained in order to design for the appropriate handling or remediation of a contaminated region of the vadose zone. Traditional methods of sampling the subsurface by drilling and/or direct sampling are very time consuming, limited in terms of spatial coverage, and have the associated risk of contacting and increasing the size of the contaminated area. One solution is to use geophysical methods which can provide a high-resolution, non-invasive means of sampling or imaging the subsurface. The overall objective of our research, defined at the start of this project, was to advance the usefulness of radar methods (ground-based and borehole) as a means of characterizing water content in the vadose zone. We have met this objective by providing research results that can be used to (1) improve the accuracy of water content estimates from radar measurements; (2) provide estimates of the potential error in water content estimates from radar measurements; (3) improve the clarity of radar images; (4) develop large-scale models of the subsurface ''architecture'' using radar images; (5) develop ways of quantifying the spatial heterogeneity of the subsurface through analysis of radar images. We have also been able to identify the critical areas where more research is needed in order to be able to use radar methods most effectively as an accurate means of subsurface characterization.

Rosemary Knight

2003-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

393

Generation of high-current electron beam in a wide-aperture open discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present study, it was examined generation of nanosecond-duration electron-beam (EB) pulses by a wide-aperture open discharge burning in helium or in a mixture of helium with nitrogen and water vapor. In the experiments, a discharge cell with coaxial electrode geometry, permitting radial injection of the electron beam into operating lasing medium, was used, with the cathode having radius 2.5 cm and length 12 cm. It was shown possible to achieve an efficient generation of a high-intensity electron beam (EB pulse power {approx}250 MW and EB pulse energy up to 4 J) in the kiloampere range of discharge currents (up to 26 kA at {approx}12 kV discharge voltage). The current-voltage characteristics of the discharge proved to be independent of the working-gas pressure. The existence of an unstable dynamic state of EB, conditioned by the presence of an uncompensated space charge accumulated in the discharge cell due to the exponential growth of the current in time during discharge initiation and the hyperbolic growth of current density in the direction towards the tube axis, was revealed. The obtained pulsed electron beam was used to excite the self-terminated laser on He 2{sup 1}P{sub 1}{sup 0}-2{sup 1}S{sub 0} transition. The oscillations developing in the discharge cell at high discharge currents put limit to the pumping energy and emissive power of the laser excited with the radially converging electron beam.

Bokhan, P. A.; Zakrevsky, Dm. E.; Gugin, P. P. [A. V. Rzhanov Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, prospekt Lavrent'eva 13, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Decadal-scale variations in ice flow along Whillans Ice Stream and its tributaries, West Antarctica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate velocity changes occurring along Whillans Ice Stream (WIS) by comparing velocities derived from repeat aerial photographs acquired in 1985–89 (average date of 1987) to interferometric satellite radar (InSAR) velocities collected...

Stearns, Leigh; Jezek, K.A.; Van der Veen, C.J.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Prediction of buried mine-like target radar signatures using wideband electromagnetic modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current ground penetrating radars (GPR) have been tested for land mine detection, but they have generally been costly and have poor performance. Comprehensive modeling and experimentation must be done to predict the electromagnetic (EM) signatures of mines to access the effect of clutter on the EM signature of the mine, and to understand the merit and limitations of using radar for various mine detection scenarios. This modeling can provide a basis for advanced radar design and detection techniques leading to superior performance. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has developed a radar technology that when combined with comprehensive modeling and detection methodologies could be the basis of an advanced mine detection system. Micropower Impulse Radar (MIR) technology exhibits a combination of properties, including wideband operation, extremely low power consumption, extremely small size and low cost, array configurability, and noise encoded pulse generation. LLNL is in the process of developing an optimal processing algorithm to use with the MIR sensor. In this paper, we use classical numerical models to obtain the signature of mine-like targets and examine the effect of surface roughness on the reconstructed signals. These results are then qualitatively compared to experimental data.

Warrick, A.L.; Azevedo, S.G.; Mast, J.E.

1998-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

396

13A.1 ASSIMILATION OF SIMULATED NETWORK RADAR DATA OF VARIED STORM TYPES USING ENSRF FOR CONVECTIVE STORM ANALYSES AND FORECASTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

installation costs down, the CASA radars will be placed on cell phone towers or other existing infras- tructure with large data transmission capabilities. Unlike the existing pre-programmed radar network, the collabo

Xue, Ming

397

THE USE OF GROUND-PENETRATING RADAR FOR ARCHAEOLOGY: DETERMINING SITE FORMATION PROCESSES AND SUBSURFACE FEATURES ON TUTUILA ISLAND, AMERICAN SAMOA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, ceremonial mound (i.e. star mound) construction details were easily seen in radar profiles. Ground penetrating radar has the potential to yield significant details about such mounds, with no physical impact to the site....

Welch, Daniel

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

398

ARM: Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR), replaces mmcrcal and mmcrmoments datastreams following C-40 processor upgrade of 2003.09.09  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Millimeter Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR), replaces mmcrcal and mmcrmoments datastreams following C-40 processor upgrade of 2003.09.09

Widener, Kevin; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Johnson, Karen

399

Multiphase Fluid Flow in Deformable Variable-Aperture Fractures - Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fractures provide flow paths that can potentially lead to fast migration of fluids or contaminants. A number of energy-­?related applications involve fluid injections that significantly perturb both the pressures and chemical composition of subsurface fluids. These perturbations can cause both mechanical deformation and chemical alteration of host rocks with potential for significant changes in permeability. In fractured rock subjected to coupled chemical and mechanical stresses, it can be difficult to predict the sign of permeability changes, let alone the magnitude. This project integrated experimental and computational studies to improve mechanistic understanding of these coupled processes and develop and test predictive models and monitoring techniques. The project involved three major components: (1) study of two-­?phase flow processes involving mass transfer between phases and dissolution of minerals along fracture surfaces (Detwiler et al., 2009; Detwiler, 2010); (2) study of fracture dissolution in fractures subjected to normal stresses using experimental techniques (Ameli, et al., 2013; Elkhoury et al., 2013; Elkhoury et al., 2014) and newly developed computational models (Ameli, et al., 2014); (3) evaluation of electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) as a method to detect and quantify gas leakage through a fractured caprock (Breen et al., 2012; Lochbuhler et al., 2014). The project provided support for one PhD student (Dr. Pasha Ameli; 2009-­?2013) and partially supported a post-­?doctoral scholar (Dr. Jean Elkhoury; 2010-­?2013). In addition, the project provided supplemental funding to support collaboration with Dr. Charles Carrigan at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in connection with (3) and supported one MS student (Stephen Breen; 2011-­?2013). Major results from each component of the project include the following: (1) Mineral dissolution in fractures occupied by two fluid phases (e.g., oil-­?water or water-­?CO{sub 2}) causes changes in local capillary forces and redistribution of fluids. These coupled processes enhance channel formation and the potential for development of fast flow paths through fractures. (2) Dissolution in fractures subjected to normal stress can result in behaviors ranging from development of dissolution channels and rapid permeability increases to fracture healing and significant permeability decreases. The timescales associated with advective transport of dissolved ions in the fracture, mineral dissolution rates, and diffusion within the adjacent porous matrix dictate the sign and magnitude of the resulting permeability changes. Furthermore, a high-­? resolution mechanistic model that couples elastic deformation of contacts and aperture-­?dependent dissolution rates predicts the range of observed behaviors reasonably well. (3) ERT has potential as a tool for monitoring gas leakage in deep formations. Using probabilistic inversion methods further enhances the results by providing uncertainty estimates of inverted parameters.

Detwiler, Russell

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

400

Two-dimensional Variational Analysis of Near-Surface Moisture from Simulated Radar Refractivity-Related Phase Change Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provide high-resolution information about the highly variable low-level moisture field. Simulated radar uncertainty and random radar measurement errors. When a separate pre-processing step is applied to unwrap-slant-path water vapor measurements are most effective at the mid to upper levels where slant paths intersect each

Xue, Ming

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

U.S. Government work not protected by U.S. copyright Autonomous FMCW Radar Survey of Antarctic Shear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

U.S. Government work not protected by U.S. copyright Autonomous FMCW Radar Survey of Antarctic results demonstrate that autonomous survey using high frequency radar is feasible and safe approach accumulation and high wind, and therefore present no surface expressions. To ensure safe navigation across

Marshall, Hans-Peter

402

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 47, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1999 1807 Millimeter-Wave Radar Phenomenology of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Wave Radar Phenomenology of Power Lines and a Polarimetric Detection Algorithm Kamal Sarabandi, Fellow, IEEE, and Moonsoo Park Abstract-- In this paper, the radar phenomenology of high- voltage power lines and cables are studied by repeating the polarimetric backscatter measurements. Based on this phenomenological study

Sarabandi, Kamal

403

500 IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2006 ELF Radar System Proposed for Localized  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

500 IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 3, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2006 ELF Radar System frequency (ELF), finite difference time domain (FDTD), ionospheric disturbances, radar, remote sensing. I to be of sufficiently low power to have negligible heating or any other effects upon the ionospheric anomaly.) Employing

Simpson, Jamesina J.

404

Telescope Array Radar (TARA) Observatory for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Construction was completed during summer 2013 on the Telescope Array RAdar (TARA) bi-static radar observatory for Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR). TARA is co-located with the Telescope Array, the largest “conventional” cosmic ray detector in the Northern Hemisphere, in radio-quiet Western Utah. TARA employs an 8 MW Effective Radiated Power (ERP) VHF transmitter and smart receiver system based on a 250 MS/s data acquisition system in an effort to detect the scatter of sounding radiation by UHECR-induced atmospheric ionization. TARA seeks to demonstrate bi-static radar as a useful new remote sensing technique for UHECRs. In this report, we describe the design and performance of the TARA transmitter and receiver systems.

Abbasi, R. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Takai, H. [Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Allen, C. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Beard, L. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States); Belz, J. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Besson, D. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States). Moscow Engineering and Physics Inst. (Russian Federation); Byrne, M. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Abou Bakr Othman, M. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Farhang-Boroujeny, B. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Gardner, A. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Gillman, W.H. [Gillman and Associates, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Hanlon, W. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Hanson, J. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Jayanthmurthy, C. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Kunwar, S. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Larson, S. L. [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States); Myers, I. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Prohira, S. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Ratzlaff, K. [Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); Sokolsky, P. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Thomson, G. B. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Von Maluski, D. [Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

A Software Tool for Processing the Displacement Time Series Extracted from Raw Radar Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of high-resolution radar waveform and interferometric principles recently led to the development of a microwave interferometer, suitable to simultaneously measuring the (static or dynamic) deflection of several points on a large structure. From the technical standpoint, the sensor is a Stepped Frequency Continuous Wave (SF-CW), coherent radar, operating in the K{sub u} frequency band.In the paper, the main procedures adopted to extract the deflection time series from raw radar data and to assess the quality of data are addressed, and the MATLAB toolbox developed is described. Subsequently, other functions implemented in the software tool (e.g. evaluation of the spectral matrix of the deflection time-histories, identification of natural frequencies and operational mode shapes evaluation) are described and the application to data recorded on full-scale bridges is exemplified.

Coppi, Francesco; Paolo Ricci, Pier [IDS Ingegneria Dei Sistemi S.p.A., Pisa (Italy); Gentile, Carmelo [Politecnico di Milano, Dept. of Structural Engineering, Milan (Italy)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

406

The Use of Radar Methods to Determine Moisture Content in the Vadose Zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Moisture content is a critical parameter affecting both liquid-phase and vapor-phase contaminant transport in the vadose zone. The objective of our three-year research project is to determine the optimal way to use of radar methods--both surface and borehole--as a noninvasive means of determining in situ moisture content. In our research we focus on two specific aspects of the link between radar images and moisture content. The first question we address is: Can we use a measure of the dielectric constant of a volume of the subsurface to determine the moisture content of that volume? The second question we address is: Can we use the radar data to characterize the spatial variability in moisture content?

Knight, Rosemary

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Short range, ultra-wideband radar with high resolution swept range gate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radar range finder and hidden object locator is based on ultra-wide band radar with a high resolution swept range gate. The device generates an equivalent time amplitude scan with a typical range of 4 inches to 20 feet, and an analog range resolution as limited by a jitter of on the order of 0.01 inches. A differential sampling receiver is employed to effectively eliminate ringing and other aberrations induced in the receiver by the near proximity of the transmit antenna, so a background subtraction is not needed, simplifying the circuitry while improving performance. Uses of the invention include a replacement of ultrasound devices for fluid level sensing, automotive radar, such as cruise control and parking assistance, hidden object location, such as stud and rebar finding. Also, this technology can be used when positioned over a highway lane to collect vehicle count and speed data for traffic control.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

408

Radar imagery interpretation to assess the hydrocarbon potential of four sites in the Philippines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Republic of the Philippines is intensely interested in the identification, development, and conservation of natural resources. In keeping with this, the Government of the Philippines has recently completed a nationwide sedimentary basin evaluation program to assess hydrocarbon potential and assist in future exploration activities. This program of collection and interpretation of the radar imagery was designed to augment and complement the existing data base. The primary objective of the project was to further the goals of international energy development by aiding the Republic of the Philippines in the assessment of potential petroleum and geothermal prospects within the areas imaged. Secondary goals were to assist the Republic of the Philippines in utilizing state-of-the-art radar remote sensing technology for resource exploration, and to train key Philippines scientists in the use of imaging radar data. 29 refs., 30 figs., 14 tabs.

Not Available

1988-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

409

Short range, ultra-wideband radar with high resolution swept range gate  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radar range finder and hidden object locator is based on ultra-wide band radar with a high resolution swept range gate. The device generates an equivalent time amplitude scan with a typical range of 4 inches to 20 feet, and an analog range resolution as limited by a jitter of on the order of 0.01 inches. A differential sampling receiver is employed to effectively eliminate ringing and other aberrations induced in the receiver by the near proximity of the transmit antenna, so a background subtraction is not needed, simplifying the circuitry while improving performance. Uses of the invention include a replacement of ultrasound devices for fluid level sensing, automotive radar, such as cruise control and parking assistance, hidden object location, such as stud and rebar finding. Also, this technology can be used when positioned over a highway lane to collect vehicle count and speed data for traffic control. 14 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1998-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

410

Developing Magnetorheological Finishing (MRF) Technology for the Manufacture of Large-Aperture Optics in Megajoule Class Laser Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last eight years we have been developing advanced MRF tools and techniques to manufacture meter-scale optics for use in Megajoule class laser systems. These systems call for optics having unique characteristics that can complicate their fabrication using conventional polishing methods. First, exposure to the high-power nanosecond and sub-nanosecond pulsed laser environment in the infrared (>27 J/cm{sup 2} at 1053 nm), visible (>18 J/cm{sup 2} at 527 nm), and ultraviolet (>10 J/cm{sup 2} at 351 nm) demands ultra-precise control of optical figure and finish to avoid intensity modulation and scatter that can result in damage to the optics chain or system hardware. Second, the optics must be super-polished and virtually free of surface and subsurface flaws that can limit optic lifetime through laser-induced damage initiation and growth at the flaw sites, particularly at 351 nm. Lastly, ultra-precise optics for beam conditioning are required to control laser beam quality. These optics contain customized surface topographical structures that cannot be made using traditional fabrication processes. In this review, we will present the development and implementation of large-aperture MRF tools and techniques specifically designed to meet the demanding optical performance challenges required in large-aperture high-power laser systems. In particular, we will discuss the advances made by using MRF technology to expose and remove surface and subsurface flaws in optics during final polishing to yield optics with improve laser damage resistance, the novel application of MRF deterministic polishing to imprint complex topographical information and wavefront correction patterns onto optical surfaces, and our efforts to advance the technology to manufacture large-aperture damage resistant optics.

Menapace, J A

2010-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

411

High-resolution moisture fields retrieved for the first time from both operational and research radars illustrate the low-level moisture variability associated with boundary layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radars illustrate the low-level moisture variability associated with boundary layer processes-Resolution, Low-Level Moisture Fields from Operational NexRad and Research Radars by Rita D. RobeRts, FRéDéRic Fab vapor measurements extracted from radar using an index of refraction (refractivity) technique developed

Reising, Steven C.

412

Impacts of Beam Broadening and Earth Curvature on Storm-Scale 3D Variational Data Assimilation of Radial Velocity with Two Doppler Radars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. They can be used to determine the physical location of each radar measurement and to properly map by simplifications vary with the distance between the analyzed storm and the radar. For single time level wind of Radial Velocity with Two Doppler Radars GUOQING GE Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms

Gao, Jidong

413

EnKF assimilation of high-resolution, mobile Doppler radar data of the 4 May 20071 Greensburg, Kansas supercell into a numerical cloud model2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and low-level vortex strength and20 longevity.21 22 #12;2 1. Introduction1 Radar is one of few atmospheric routinely collected9 across most of the contiguous United States. The two measured radar variables mostEnKF assimilation of high-resolution, mobile Doppler radar data of the 4 May 20071 Greensburg

Xue, Ming

414

1498 JOURNAL OF ,\\TMOSPHERIC AND OCEANIC TECHNOLOGY VULIIME 25 A Techniqne for the Automatic Detection of Insect Clutter in Cloud Radar Returns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program operales 35- GHz millimclcr·w:lvclenglh cloud radars (MMCRs) in several levels in scan- ning weather radar applications (e.g., Vaughn 1985; Achtemeier 199]; Wilson el al. 1994 Detection of Insect Clutter in Cloud Radar Returns EDWARD P. LUKE, PAVLOS KOLLlAS, AND KAREN L. JOHNSON Aml

415

IFT&E Industry Report Wind Turbine-Radar Interference Test Summary.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines have grown in size and capacity with today's average turbine having a power capacity of around 1.9 MW, reaching to heights of over 495 feet from ground to blade tip, and operating with speeds at the tip of the blade up to 200 knots. When these machines are installed within the line-of-sight of a radar system, they can cause significant clutter and interference, detrimentally impacting the primary surveillance radar (PSR) performance. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratory (MIT LL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) were co-funded to conduct field tests and evaluations over two years in order to: I. Characterize the impact of wind turbines on existing Program-of-Record (POR) air surveillance radars; II. Assess near-term technologies proposed by industry that have the potential to mitigate the interference from wind turbines on radar systems; and III. Collect data and increase technical understanding of interference issues to advance development of long-term mitigation strategies. MIT LL and SNL managed the tests and evaluated resulting data from three flight campaigns to test eight mitigation technologies on terminal (short) and long-range (60 nmi and 250 nmi) radar systems. Combined across the three flight campaigns, more than 460 of hours of flight time were logged. This paper summarizes the Interagency Field Test & Evaluation (IFT&E) program and publicly- available results from the tests. It will also discuss the current wind turbine-radar interference evaluation process within the government and a proposed process to deploy mitigation technologies.

Karlson, Benjamin; LeBlanc, Bruce Philip; Minster, David G; Estill, Milford; Miller, Bryan Edward; Busse, Franz (MIT LL); Keck, Chris (MIT LL); Sullivan, Jonathan (MIT LL); Brigada, David (MIT LL); Parker, Lorri (MIT LL); Younger, Richard (MIT LL); Biddle, Jason (MIT LL)

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

In-situ monitoring of surface post-processing in large aperture fused silica optics with Optical Coherence Tomography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical Coherence Tomography is explored as a method to image laser-damage sites located on the surface of large aperture fused silica optics during post-processing via CO{sub 2} laser ablation. The signal analysis for image acquisition was adapted to meet the sensitivity requirements for this application. A long-working distance geometry was employed to allow imaging through the opposite surface of the 5-cm thick optic. The experimental results demonstrate the potential of OCT for remote monitoring of transparent material processing applications.

Guss, G M; Bass, I l; Hackel, R P; Mailhiot, C; Demos, S G

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Directional Dependence of Apertures, Limits and Sensitivity of the Lunar Cherenkov Technique to a UHE Neutrino Flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use computer simulations to obtain the directional-dependence of the lunar Cherenkov technique for ultra-high energy (UHE) neutrino detection. We calculate the instantaneous effective area of past lunar Cherenkov experiments as a function of neutrino arrival direction, and hence the directional-dependence of the combined limit imposed by GLUE and the experiment at Parkes. We also determine the directional dependence of the aperture of future planned experiments with ATCA, ASKAP and the SKA to a UHE neutrino flux, and calculate the potential annual exposure to astronomical objects as a function of angular distance from the lunar trajectory through celestial coordinates.

C. W. James; R. J. Protheroe

2008-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

418

Applications of digital radar in the analysis of severe local storms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August 1973 Major Subject: Meteorology APPLICATIONS OF DIGITAL RADAR IN THE ANALYSIS OF SEVERE LOCAL STORMS A Thesis JOHN EVERETT VOGEL Approved as to style and content by: (Co-Chairman of Committee) / /. Lier &. i i . 3 I r1 ~ '-d (ri 'i ~ ~ i...(& V (Co-Chairman of Committee) k. )&7 I). *v 'e(C' & ~. (Head of Department) (Member) ( ember) August 1973 ABSTRACT Applications of Digital Radar in the Analysis of Severe Local Storms (August 1973) John E. Vogel, B. S. , Texas A&M University...

Vogel, John Everett

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Performance limits for exo-clutter Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) radar.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The performance of a Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) radar system depends on a variety of factors, many which are interdependent in some manner. It is often difficult to 'get your arms around' the problem of ascertaining achievable performance limits, and yet those limits exist and are dictated by physics. This report identifies and explores those limits, and how they depend on hardware system parameters and environmental conditions. Ultimately, this leads to a characterization of parameters that offer optimum performance for the overall GMTI radar system. While the information herein is not new to the literature, its collection into a single report hopes to offer some value in reducing the 'seek time'.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

X-band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar (X-SAPR) Instrument Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The X-band scanning ARM cloud radar (X-SAPR) is a full-hemispherical scanning polarimetric Doppler radar transmitting simultaneously in both H and V polarizations. With a 200 kW magnetron transmitter, this puts 100 kW of transmitted power for each polarization. The receiver for the X-SAPR is a Vaisala Sigmet RVP-900 operating in a coherent-on-receive mode. Three X-SAPRs are deployed around the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Central Facility in a triangular array. A fourth X-SAPR is deployed near Barrow, Alaska on top of the Barrow Arctic Research Center.

Widener, K; Bharadwaj, N

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Radar-Derived Forecasts of Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Over Houston, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,399 unique cells, and 1,028,510 to find the best lightning forecast criteria. Results show that using 30 dBZ at the -20 ?C isotherm on cells within 75 km of the radar that have been tracked for at least 2 consecutive scan produces the best forecasts... with a critical success index (CSI) of 0.71. The best VII predictor was 0.734 kg m-2 on cells within 75 km of the radar that have been tracked for at least 2 consecutive scans iv producing a CSI of 0.68. Results of this study further suggest...

Mosier, Richard Matthew

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

422

A Comparison of Simulated Cloud Radar Output from the Multiscale Modeling Framework Global Climate Model with CloudSat Cloud Radar Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last few years a new type of global climate model (GCM) has emerged in which a cloud-resolving model is embedded into each grid cell of a GCM. This new approach is frequently called a multiscale modeling framework (MMF) or superparameterization. In this article we present a comparison of MMF output with radar observations from the NASA CloudSat mission, which uses a near-nadir-pointing millimeter-wavelength radar to probe the vertical structure of clouds and precipitation. We account for radar detection limits by simulating the 94 GHz radar reflectivity that CloudSat would observe from the high-resolution cloud-resolving model output produced by the MMF. Overall, the MMF does a good job of reproducing the broad pattern of tropical convergence zones, subtropical belts, and midlatitude storm tracks, as well as their changes in position with the annual solar cycle. Nonetheless, the comparison also reveals a number of model shortfalls including (1) excessive hydrometeor coverage at all altitudes over many convectively active regions, (2) a lack of low-level hydrometeors over all subtropical oceanic basins, (3) excessive low-level hydrometeor coverage (principally precipitating hydrometeors) in the midlatitude storm tracks of both hemispheres during the summer season (in each hemisphere), and (4) a thin band of low-level hydrometeors in the Southern Hemisphere of the central (and at times eastern and western) Pacific in the MMF, which is not observed by CloudSat. This band resembles a second much weaker ITCZ but is restricted to low levels.

Marchand, Roger T.; Haynes, J. M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Stephens, Graeme L.

2009-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

423

Meridian-scanning photometer, coherent HF radar, and magnetometer observations of the cusp: a case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the transport of mass, energy, and momentum from the solar wind into the near-Earth environment, is facilitated with the CUTLASS Finland coherent HF radar, a meridian-scanning photometer located at Ny AÃ? lesund, Svalbard on the scale of minutes, and which are believed to be related to the dynamic nature of energy and momentum

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

424

Ionospheric local model and climatology from long-term databases of multiple incoherent scatter radars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ionospheric local model and climatology from long-term databases of multiple incoherent scatter and climatology from long-term databases of multiple incoherent scatter radars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L20102 to ionospheric and ther- mospheric climatology. The altitude dependence, for in- stance, of various variations

425

Radar Measurements of Ice Sheet Thickness of Outlet Glaciers in Greenland D. Braaten+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radar Measurements of Ice Sheet Thickness of Outlet Glaciers in Greenland D. Braaten+ and S of Kansas Lawrence, KS 66045 U.S.A. Abstract ­ We have conducted airborne measurements over the Greenland the mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet, the University of Kansas has been operating an airborne radio

Kansas, University of

426

A Theory-Based Hydrometeor Identification Algorithm for X-Band Polarimetric Radars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Theory-Based Hydrometeor Identification Algorithm for X-Band Polarimetric Radars BRENDA DOLAN, and comparisons are made with similar S-band hydrometeor identification algorithms applied to data from the S for illustrating bulk hydrometeor types and qualitatively agrees with analysis from KOUN. A simple reflectivity

Rutledge, Steven

427

ALBOTA ET AL. Three-Dimensional Imaging Laser Radars with Geiger-Mode Avalanche Photodiode Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· ALBOTA ET AL. Three-Dimensional Imaging Laser Radars with Geiger-Mode Avalanche Photodiode Arrays- lanche photodiodes (APDs) operating in Geiger mode, with integrated timing circuitry for each pixel [2-Mode Avalanche Photodiode Arrays Marius A. Albota, Brian F. Aull, Daniel G. Fouche, Richard M. Heinrichs, David G

428

Downburst-producing thunderstorms in southern Germany: Radar analysis and predictability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Downburst-producing thunderstorms in southern Germany: Radar analysis and predictability Nikolai der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, 82234 Wessling, Germany b European Severe Storms Laboratory (ESSL), Münchner Str. 20, 82234 Wessling, Germany a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Article history: Received

429

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING 1 Microphysical Characterization of Microwave Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.g., Meteosat sensors) are usually exploited for long-range trajectory tracking and for measuring low level measurements may be blocked by water and ice clouds at higher levels and their overall utility is reduced Radar Reflectivity Due to Volcanic Ash Clouds Frank Silvio Marzano, Senior Member, IEEE, Gianfranco

Rose, William I.

430

Improving estimates of African woodland biomass by fusing radar data, models and ground observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving estimates of African woodland biomass by fusing radar data, models and ground management of savannahs and woodlands requires accurate estimates of the woody biomass. For these reasons, developing new methods to accurately estimate woody biomass and its changes is high on the political

431

Ice iron/sodium film as cause for high noctilucent cloud radar reflectivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ice iron/sodium film as cause for high noctilucent cloud radar reflectivity P. M. Bellan1 Received] Noctilucent clouds, tiny cold electrically charged ice grains located at about 85 km altitude, exhibit by assuming the ice grains are coated by a thin metal film; substantial evidence exists indicating

Bellan, Paul M.

432

A Time Series Weather Radar Simulator Based on High-Resolution Atmospheric Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to produce theoretical moment maps, which allow for the study of radar characteristics and limitations given of signal-processing techniques, which help identify and scrutinize factors that may have been overlooked corresponding to that spectral shape. Numerous statistical studies were made possible using this simulation

Xue, Ming

433

An Intercomparison of Radar-Based Liquid Cloud Microphysics Retrievals and Implication for Model Evaluation Studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Facility of the US Department of Energy provides long-term continuous cloud and radiation datasets Forks, ND 58202, U.S.A. 4 University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, U.S.A. Corresponding Author Dong of single-frequency radar approaches. It is therefore suggested that data users should use the retrievals

Dong, Xiquan

434

A Quality Control Concept for Radar Reflectivity, Polarimetric Parameters, and Doppler Velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, nowcasting of severe weather events, and assimilation into numerical weather prediction models). Ongoing research focuses intensively on the use of radar data for assimilation in numerical weather prediction and hydrological models to improve quantitative precipitation forecasts. As part of this goal

435

Weather Radar Monitoring using the Sun Iwan Holleman and Hans Beekhuis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weather Radar Monitoring using the Sun Iwan Holleman and Hans Beekhuis Technical Report, KNMI TR and azimuthal averaging 13 2.5 Corrected solar power 15 3 Position of the sun 17 3.1 Celestial sphere and equatorial coordinates 17 3.2 Equatorial coordinates of the sun 18 3.3 Conversion to elevation and azimuth 20

Stoffelen, Ad

436

Through-the-wall Imaging Radar Students: Thang Bui and Joseph Rabig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

radar (SAR) to image objects behind a wall, using a pair of horn antennas and a vector network analyser was used to calibrate out unknown cable and system delays · Objects are resolved at correct locations close to the SAR Focusing delay geometry Theory ­ Image Processing Electromagnetic distance between horn

Ghahramani, Zoubin

437

STUDY OF CLOUD LIFETIME EFFECTS USING THE SGP HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED RADAR NETWORK: PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDY OF CLOUD LIFETIME EFFECTS USING THE SGP HETEROGENEOUS DISTRIBUTED RADAR NETWORK: PRELIMINARY-dimensional morphology and life cycle of clouds. Detailing key cloud processes as they transit from the formation stage to precipitation onset and cloud dissipation is critical towards establishing uncertainties in climate models

438

Submesoscale Coastal Ocean Flows Detected By Very High Frequency Radar and Autonomous Underwater Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submesoscale Coastal Ocean Flows Detected By Very High Frequency Radar and Autonomous Underwater, autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV), equipped with upward and downward- looking 1.2 MHz Acoustic Doppler and seven snapshots were subsequently time-averaged to form a mean profile from each experiment. In the down-wind

Shay, Lynn K. "Nick"

439

1. Introduction The use of radar rainfall data for hydrological model-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

feed an interceptor sewer (up to 2.35 m box sec- tion) that conveys flows to a wastewater treatment for the supply of potable water and the treatment of wastewater in the north- west of England. The primary radar rainfall data was as an input to rainfall­runoff models of rural river systems. Building

Fox, Neil I.

440

An annual cycle of Arctic cloud characteristics observed by radar and lidar at SHEBA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

distribution of cloud boundary heights, and occurrence of liquid phase in clouds are determined from radar-observed clouds containing liquid was 73% for the year. The least amount of liquid water phase was observed during-detected clouds. Liquid was distributed in a combination of all-liquid and mixed phase clouds, and was detected

Shupe, Matthew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

HF radar in French Mediterranean Sea: an element of MOOSE Mediterranean Ocean Observing System on Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sea in the context of climate change and anthropogenic pressure and to supply and maintain longHF radar in French Mediterranean Sea: an element of MOOSE Mediterranean Ocean Observing System , Pascal Guterman2 , Karim Bernardet2 1 Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO, UM 110, USTV

Boyer, Edmond

442

Quality Control and Verification of Weather Radar Wind Profiles IWAN HOLLEMAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tions of the vertical velocity, which is a sum of the vertical wind velocity and the hydrometeor fall. 1986). Profiles of wind speed and direction, hydrometeor fall speed, and divergence have been obtainedQuality Control and Verification of Weather Radar Wind Profiles IWAN HOLLEMAN Royal Netherlands

Stoffelen, Ad

443

Simultaneous Retreival of Surface Wind Speed and Rain Rate using Radar and Radiometer Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simultaneously retrieve the vertical profile of precipitation and the near-surface wind speed. ResultsSimultaneous Retreival of Surface Wind Speed and Rain Rate using Radar and Radiometer Measurements simultaneously estimates the over ocean near-surface wind speed and rain rate profile using data from a 10.7 GHz

Ruf, Christopher

444

A study of radar reflectivities from hurricane Debra, 24-25 July 1959  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Iouis J. , Radar Meteorolo , The University of' Chicago Press, icago, 5. Beoker, G. E. and S. H. Autler, "Water Vapour Absorption of' Electromagnetic Radiation in the Centimetre Wave- length Range, " The Ph sical Review, 70(5, 6):300-307, September...

Durham, Kneeland Secor

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Improvement of radar ice-thickness measurements of Greenland outlet glaciers using SAR processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Extensive aircraft-based radar ice-thickness measurements over the interior and outlet-glacier regions of the Greenland ice sheet have been obtained by the University of Kansas since 1993, with the latest airborne surveys conducted in May 2001...

Braaten, David A.; Gogineni, S. Prasad; Tammana, Dilip; Namburi, Saikiran; Paden, John; Gurumoorthy, Krishna K.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

ESTIMATING BEDROCK AND SURFACE LAYER BOUNDARIES AND CONFIDENCE INTERVALS IN ICE SHEET RADAR IMAGERY USING MCMC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATING BEDROCK AND SURFACE LAYER BOUNDARIES AND CONFIDENCE INTERVALS IN ICE SHEET RADAR IMAGERY and Computing Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana USA ABSTRACT Climate models that predict polar ice sheet behavior require accurate measurements of the bedrock-ice and ice-air bound- aries in ground

Menczer, Filippo

447

Probabilistic Conic Mixture Model and its Applications to Mining Spatial Ground Penetrating Radar Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to image data is a basic task in pattern recognition and spatial data mining and also is an important a reliable report after the inspection. The patterns appearing in the B-scans [5] of GPR data have shapesProbabilistic Conic Mixture Model and its Applications to Mining Spatial Ground Penetrating Radar

Leeds, University of

448

Range dependent errors in the convective and stratiform partitioning of a radar precipitation estimation algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BZ was classified differently by the two radar data sets at the 1.5 km and 3.0 km analysis levels respectively. The percentage of total rainfall from all precipitation classified differently was 26% for the 1.5 km analysis level, and 28% for the 3.0 km level....

Wood, David Richard

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

A 1.56THz compact radar range for W-band imagery of scale-model tactical targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The data needed for these programs include high range resolution (HRR) and synthetic aperture images (SAR has been assembled in a very stable, air-conditioned laboratory. Measurements taken on a calibration

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

450

Ground penetrating radar surveys over an alluvial DNAPL site, Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, Kentucky  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys were used to map shallow sands and gravels which are DNAPL migration pathways at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant in western Kentucky. The sands and gravels occur as paleochannel deposits, at depths of 17-25 ft, embedded in Pleistocene lacustrine clays. More than 30 GPR profiles were completed over the Drop Test Area (DTA) to map the top and base of the paleochannel deposits, and to assess their lateral continuity. A bistatic radar system was used with antenna frequencies of 25 and 50 MHz. An average velocity of 0.25 ft/ns for silty and clayey materials above the paleochannel deposits was established from radar walkaway tests, profiles over culverts of known depth, and comparison of radar sections with borings. In the south portion of the DTA, strong reflections corresponded to the water table at approximately 9-10 ft, the top of the paleochannel deposits at approximately 18 ft, and to gravel horizons within these deposits. The base of these deposits was not visible on the radar sections. Depth estimates for the top of the paleochannel deposits (from 50 records) were accurate to within 2 ft across the southern portion of the DTA. Continuity of these sands and gravels could not be assessed due to interference from air-wave reflections and lateral changes in signal penetration depth. However, the sands and gravels appear to extend across the entire southern portion of the DTA, at depths as shallow as 17 ft. Ringing, air-wave reflections and diffractions from powerlines, vehicles, well casings, and metal equipment severly degraded GPR profiles in the northern portion of the DTA; depths computed from reflection times (where visible) were accurate to within 4 ft in this area. The paleochannel deposits are deeper to the north and northeast where DNAPL has apparently pooled (DNAPL was not directly imaged by the GPR, however). Existing hydrogeological models of the DTA will be revised.

Carpenter, P.J. [Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Geology]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Doll, W.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Phillips, B.E. [Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, KY (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A dual polarized x-band pulse radar for ground based electromagnetic scattering experiment / by Allen William White  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) 218 219 221 Table C-7 XMTR/RCVR (T/R) Enclosure Wire List (50 - pin D connector) ~pa e 223 LIST OF FIGURES ~Fi ure X-Band Radar Scatterometer ~pa e I-2 Basic Block Diagram of the X-Band Radar Scatterometer X-Band Radar Block Diagram...) Produced by the SPST PIN diode Switch Modulator: fo' = 10. 000 GHz 77 ~Fi ure IV-15 ~pa e Graph of the Output Power Deviation of the CW Gunn Oscillator (Model No. MA 86130) as a Function of Temperature ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 79 IV-16 V-1 V-2 V-3 V-4 V-5 V...

White, Allen William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

452

CAFNA{sup (c)}, coded aperture imaging for fast neutron analysis: Application to contraband and explosive detection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fast neutron analysis is a technique for determination of the elemental composition of materials in bulk by detecting the energies of characteristic gamma rays, which are emitted by elements after a neutron interaction. These gamma rays are typically in the 2 to 6 MeV range and it is desired to image them with a high efficiency system. Coded aperture imaging is a technique, which can improve system sensitivity by as much as a factor of fifty as compared to conventional collimators. Such systems have been used in x-ray astronomy, but unlike x-ray astronomy, our system is designed for near field imaging. The choice of pattern is critical to the performance of the system but we have devised patterns such that the reconstruction of point like objects is clean and rapid with no spurious response. We have also used the technique for imaging of high energy radioisotopes used in nuclear medicine.

Lanza, R. C.; Zhang, L. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

1999-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

453

Case studies in magnetics and ground penetrating radar, Shreveport Convention Center, Shreveport, LA and Yankee Boy Rock Glacier, Ouray, CO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of geophysical tools such as magnetics and ground penetrating radar are becoming more prevalent in site characterization studies and other geologic research. Two case studies which illustrate this are described here. The first case study...

Pierce, Carl J

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Relative Information in Phase of Radar Range Pro les Brian Rigling , Lee C. Potter and Randolph L. Moses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Moses The Ohio State University Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering 2015 Neil Avenue is adopted for the radar backscatter, and information is quanti ed using the variance of parameters estimated

Moses, Randolph L.

455

30 ENGINEERING & SCIENCE WI NTE R 2012 Whether processing radar signals in Norway or assessing rock properties in Nigeria, Calte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

30 ENGINEERING & SCIENCE WI NTE R 2012 Whether processing radar signals in Norway or assessing rock deeply into basic physics to solve problems. Oslo, Norway, José Navarro, PhD '94, Astronomy José Navarro

456

IMPROVED CAPABILITIES FOR SITING WIND FARMS AND MITIGATING IMPACTS ON RADAR OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of efficient wind energy production involves challenges in technology and interoperability with other systems critical to the national mission. Wind turbines impact radar measurements as a result of their large reflectivity cross section as well as through the Doppler phase shift of their rotating blades. Wind farms can interfere with operational radar in multiple contexts, with degradation impacts on: weather detection such as tornado location, wind shear, and precipitation monitoring; tracking of airplanes where air traffic control software can lose the tracks of aircraft; and in identification of other low flying targets where a wind farm located close to a border might create a dead zone for detecting intruding objects. Objects in the path of an electromagnetic wave affect its propagation characteristics. This includes actual blockage of wave propagation by large individual objects and interference in wave continuity due to diffraction of the beam by individual or multiple objects. As an evolving industry, and the fastest growing segment of the energy sector, wind power is poised to make significant contributions in future energy generation requirements. The ability to develop comprehensive strategies for designing wind turbine locations that are mutually beneficial to both the wind industry that is dependent on production, and radar sites which the nation relies on, is critical to establishing reliable and secure wind energy. The mission needs of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Defense (DOD), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) dictate that the nation's radar systems remain uninhibited, to the maximum extent possible, by man-made obstructions; however, wind turbines can and do impact the surveillance footprint for monitoring airspace both for national defense as well as critical weather conditions which can impact life and property. As a result, a number of potential wind power locations have been contested on the basis of radar line of site. Radar line of site is dependent on local topography, and varies with atmospheric refractive index which is affected by weather and geographic conditions.

Chiswell, S.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electron-density comparisons between radar observations and 3-D ionospheric model calculations. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison of electron densities calculated from the Utah State University First-Principals Ionospheric Model with simultaneous observations taken at Sondrestrom, Millstone, and Arecibo incoherent-scatter radars was undertaken to better understanding the response of the ionosphere at these longitudinally similar yet latitudinally separated locations. The comparison included over 50 days distributed over 3 1/2 years roughly symmetrical about the last solar-minimum in 1986. The overall trend of the comparison was that to first-order the model reproduces electron densities responding to diurnal, seasonal, geomagnetic, and solar-cycle variations for all three radars. However, some model-observation discrepancies were found. These include, failure of the model to correctly produce an evening peak at Millstone, fall-spring equinox differences at Sondrestrom, tidal structure at Arecibo, and daytime NmF2 values at Arecibo.

Johnson, M.W.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

A low-cost, high-resolution, video-rate imaging optical radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a unique type of portable low-cost range imaging optical radar (laser radar or LADAR). This innovative sensor is comprised of an active floodlight scene illuminator and an image intensified CCD camera receiver. It is a solid-state device (no moving parts) that offers significant size, performance, reliability, and simplicity advantages over other types of 3-D imaging sensors. This unique flash LADAR is based on low cost, commercially available hardware, and is well suited for many government and commercial uses. This paper presents an update of Sandia`s development of the Scannerless Range Imager technology and applications, and discusses the progress that has been made in evolving the sensor into a compact, low, cost, high-resolution, video rate Laser Dynamic Range Imager.

Sackos, J.T.; Nellums, R.O.; Lebien, S.M.; Diegert, C.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Grantham, J.W.; Monson, T. [Air Force Research Lab., Eglin AFB, FL (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Scanning ARM Cloud Radars Part II: Data Quality Control and Processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Scanning ARM Cloud Radars (SACR’s) are the primary instruments for documenting the four-dimensional structure and evolution of clouds within a 20-30 km radius from the ARM fixed and mobile sites. Here, the post-processing of the calibrated SACR measurements is discussed. First, a feature mask algorithm that objectively determines the presence of significant radar returns is described. The feature mask algorithm is based on the statistical properties of radar receiver noise. It accounts for atmospheric emission and is applicable even for SACR profiles with few or no signal-free range gates. Using the nearest-in-time atmospheric sounding, the SACR radar reflectivities are corrected for gaseous attenuation (water vapor and oxygen) using a line-by-line absorption model. Despite having a high pulse repetition frequency, the SACR has a narrow Nyquist velocity limit and thus Doppler velocity folding is commonly observed. An unfolding algorithm that makes use of a first guess for the true Doppler velocity using horizontal wind measurements from the nearest sounding is described. The retrieval of the horizontal wind profile from the Hemispherical Sky – Range Height Indicator SACR scan observations and/or nearest sounding is described. The retrieved horizontal wind profile can be used to adaptively configure SACR scan strategies that depend on wind direction. Several remaining challenges are discussed, including the removal of insect and second-trip echoes. The described algorithms significantly enhance SACR data quality and constitute an important step towards the utilization of SACR measurements for cloud research.

Kollias, Pavlos; Jo, Ieng; Borque, Paloma; Tatarevic, Aleksandra; Lamer, Katia; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Widener, Kevin B.; Johnson, Karen; Clothiaux, Eugene E.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Incremental online object learning in a vehicular radar-vision fusion framework  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose an object learning system that incorporates sensory information from an automotive radar system and a video camera. The radar system provides a coarse attention for the focus of visual analysis on relatively small areas within the image plane. The attended visual areas are coded and learned by a 3-layer neural network utilizing what is called in-place learning, where every neuron is responsible for the learning of its own signal processing characteristics within its connected network environment, through inhibitory and excitatory connections with other neurons. The modeled bottom-up, lateral, and top-down connections in the network enable sensory sparse coding, unsupervised learning and supervised learning to occur concurrently. The presented work is applied to learn two types of encountered objects in multiple outdoor driving settings. Cross validation results show the overall recognition accuracy above 95% for the radar-attended window images. In comparison with the uncoded representation and purely unsupervised learning (without top-down connection), the proposed network improves the recognition rate by 15.93% and 6.35% respectively. The proposed system is also compared with other learning algorithms favorably. The result indicates that our learning system is the only one to fit all the challenging criteria for the development of an incremental and online object learning system.

Ji, Zhengping [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Weng, Juyang [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Luciw, Matthew [IEEE; Zeng, Shuqing [IEEE

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Continuous-wave radar to detect defects within heat exchangers and steam generator tubes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major cause of failures in heat exchangers and steam generators in nuclear power plants is degradation of the tubes within them. The tube failure is often caused by the development of cracks that begin on the outer surface of the tube and propagate both inwards and laterally. A new technique was researched for detection of defects using a continuous-wave radar method within metal tubing. The experimental program resulted in a completed product development schedule and the design of an experimental apparatus for studying handling of the probe and data acquisition. These tests were completed as far as the prototypical probe performance allowed. The prototype probe design did not have sufficient sensitivity to detect a defect signal using the defined radar technique and did not allow successful completion of all of the project milestones. The best results from the prototype probe could not detect a tube defect using the radar principle. Though a more precision probe may be possible, the cost of design and construction was beyond the scope of the project. This report describes the probe development and the status of the design at the termination of the project.

Nassersharif, Bahram (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Caffey, Thurlow Washburn Howell; Jedlicka, Russell P. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Garcia, Gabe V. (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Rochau, Gary Eugene

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

InSAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat Jump to:PhotonHolyNameInformationsourceenhanced geothermal

463

A 77 GHz Transceiver for Automotive Radar System Using a120nm In AlAs/In GaAs Metamorphic HEMTs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 77 GHz Transceiver for Automotive Radar System Using a120nm 0.4 0.35 In AlAs/In GaAs Metamorphic-mail:ykwon@snu.ac.kr) Abstract -- In this work, we demonstrate a compact 77GHz single-chip transceiver for an automotive radar at the transmitter and a 5dB conversion gain at the receiver. Index Terms -- Automotive radar, 77GHz, MHEMT, MMIC

Kwon, Youngwoo

464

ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

465

ARM: W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

W-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (W-SACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

466

ARM: Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (KASACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scan (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Bharadwaj, Nitin; Widener, Kevin

467

ARM: X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)

Widener, Kevin; Nelson, Dan; Bharadwaj, Nitin; Lindenmaier, Iosif [Andrei; Johnson, Karen

468

Assessment of Solder Interconnect Integrity in Dismantled Electronic Components from N57 and B61 Tube-Type Radars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Aging analyses were performed on solder joints from two radar units: (1) a laboratory, N57 tube-type radar unit and (2) a field-returned, B61-0, tube-type radar unit. The cumulative temperature environments experienced by the units during aging were calculated from the intermetallic compound layer thickness and the mean Pb-rich phase particle size metrics for solder joints in the units, assuming an aging time of 35 years for both radars. Baseline aging metrics were obtained from a laboratory test vehicle assembled at AS/FM and T; the aging kinetics of both metrics were calculated from isothermal aging experiments. The N57 radar unit interconnect board solder joints exhibited very little aging. The eyelet solder joints did show cracking that most likely occurred at the time of assembly. The eyelet, SA1126 connector solder joints, showed some delamination between the Cu pad and underlying laminate. The B61 field-returned radar solder joints showed a nominal degree of aging. Cracking of the eyelet solder joints was observed. The Pb-rich phase particle measurements indicated additional aging of the interconnects as a result of residual stresses. Cracking of the terminal pole connector, pin-to-pin solder joint was observed; but it was not believed to jeopardize the electrical functionality of the interconnect. Extending the stockpile lifetime of the B61 tube-type radar by an additional 20 years would not be impacted by the reliability of the solder joints with respect to further growth of the intermetallic compound layer. Additional coarsening of the Pb-rich phase will increase the joints' sensitivity to thermomechanical fatigue.

Rejent, J.A.; Vianco, P.T.; Woodrum, R.A.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Remote optical sensing on the nanometer scale with a bowtie aperture nano-antenna on a SNOM fiber tip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plasmonic nano-antennas have proven the outstanding ability of sensing chemical and physical processes down to the nano-meter scale. Sensing is usually achieved within the highly confined optical fields generated resonantly by the nano-antennas, i.e. in contact to the nano-structures. In these paper, We demonstrate the sensing capability of nano-antennas to their larger scale environment, well beyond their plasmonic confinement volume, leading to the concept of 'remote' (non contact) sensing on the nano-meter scale. On the basis of a bowtie-aperture nano-antenna (BNA) integrated at the apex of a SNOM fiber tip, we introduce an ultra-compact, move-able and background-free optical nano-sensor for the remote sensing of a silicon surface (up to distance of 300 nm). Sensitivity of the BNA to its large scale environment is high enough to expect the monitoring and control of the spacing between the nano-antenna and a silicon surface with sub-nano-meter accuracy. This work paves the way towards a new class of nano-po...

Atie, Elie M; Eter, Ali El; Salut, Roland; Nedeljkovic, Dusan; Tannous, Tony; Baida, Fadi I; Grosjean, Thierry

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

ASAP progress and expenditure report for the month of December 1--31, 1995. Joint UK/US radar program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The RAR/SAR is a high-priority radar system for the joint US/UK Program. Based on previous experiment results and coordination with the UK, specifications needed for future radar experiments were identified as follows: dual polarimetric (HH and VV) with medium to high resolution in SAR mode. Secondary airborne installation requirements included; high power (circa 10kw) and SLIER capability to emulate Tupelev-134 type system; initially x-band but easily extendible to other frequencies. In FY96 we intended to enhance the radar system`s capabilities by providing a second polarization (VV), spotlight imaging mode, extended frequency of operation to include S- band, increase power, and interface to an existing infrared sensor. Short term objectives are: continue to evaluate and characterize the radar system; upgrade navigation and real-time processing capability to refine motion compensation; upgrade to dual polarimetry (add VV); and develop a ``spotlight`` mode capability. Accomplishments this reporting period: design specifications for the SAR system polarimetric upgrade are complete. The upgrade is ready to begin the procurement cycle when funds become available. System characterization is one of the highest priority tasks for the SAR. Although the radar is dedicated for our use, Hughes is waiting for contract funding before allowing us access to the hardware

Twogood, R.E.; Brase, J.M.; Chambers, D.H.; Mantrom, D.D.; Miller, M.G.; Newman, M.J.; Robey, H.F.; Vigars, M.L.

1996-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

471

Development of Radar Navigation and Radio Data Transmission for Microhole Coiled Tubing Bottom Hole Assemblies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Technical Report summarizes the research and development (R&D) work performed by Stolar Research Corporation (Stolar) under U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Contract Number DE-FC26-04NT15477. This work involved the development of radar navigation and radio data transmission systems for integration with microhole coiled tubing bottom hole assemblies. Under this contract, Stolar designed, fabricated, and laboratory and field tested two advanced technologies of importance to the future growth of the U.S. oil and gas industry: (1) real-time measurement-while-drilling (MWD) for guidance and navigation of coiled tubing drilling in hydrocarbon reservoirs and (2) two-way inductive radio data transmission on coiled tubing for real-time, subsurface-to-surface data transmission. The operating specifications for these technologies are compatible with 3.5-inch boreholes drilled to a true vertical depth (TVD) of 5,000 feet, which is typical of coiled tubing drilling applications. These two technologies (i.e., the Stolar Data Transmission System and Drill String Radar) were developed into pre-commercial prototypes and tested successfully in simulated coiled tubing drilling conditions. Integration of these two technologies provides a real-time geosteering capability with extremely quick response times. Stolar is conducting additional work required to transition the Drill String Radar into a true commercial product. The results of this advanced development work should be an important step in the expanded commercialization of advanced coiled tubing microhole drilling equipment for use in U.S. hydrocarbon reservoirs.

Larry G. Stolarczyk; Gerald L. Stolarczyk; Larry Icerman; John Howard; Hooman Tehrani

2007-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

472

Geomorphological significance of Ontario Lacus on Titan: Integrated interpretation of Cassini VIMS, ISS and RADAR data and comparison with the Etosha Pan (Namibia)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geomorphological significance of Ontario Lacus on Titan: Integrated interpretation of Cassini VIMS (ISS) in 2004 and 2005, Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) in 2007 and 2009 and RADAR of Ontario Lacus, based on a joint analysis of ISS, VIMS and RADAR SAR datasets, along with the T49

Brest, Université de

473

Comparison of melting level altitudes from the NCEP reanalysis with TRMM precipitation radar data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

two-thirds of the TRMM [TMI] swath. " 1. 3. Previous Studies Radar meteorologists use the term "melting layer" to describe the region (up to several hundred meters thick) just below the O' C isotherm where the bright band appears. Conversely, much... feature of Figure 3 is the large area of 5000 m enclosed in a dual-fingered shape centered on the equator in the central and western Pacific. An intrusion of lower heights centered on the equator from 125'E to 175'W divides the large area into two...

Harris, Gettys Nunn

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Mesoscale divergence, vorticity, and vertical motion compared to radar and rainfall patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analysis, 1800 CST, May 16, 1969 33. 700-mb analysis, 1800 CST, May 16, 1969 34. 500-mb analysis, 1800 CST, May 16, 1969 35. Radar contours, 2033 CST, May 16, 1969 36. Rainfall, 2015-2030 CST, May 16, 1969 37. Surface wind analysis, 2030 CST, May 16..., 1969 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 38. 850-mb streamline and equi. valent potential tempera- ture analyses, 2030 CST, May 16, 1969 58 39. 850-mb temperature and dew-point analyses, 2030 CST, May 16, 1969 59 40. 700-mb streamline and equivalent...

Withers, Donald Mead

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Meteorological significance of frontal thin-line angel echoes observed by CPS-9 radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effects of Vertical Wind-Shear on Convection Cells in the Atmosphere and Ocean 83 86 C. Radar Observations of Benard Cells and the Effects of Vertical Wind-Shear 89 D. Possible Effects of Wind-Shear Modified Convection Cells Exhibited by the Angel... of the Relationship between Wind-shear and Angel Echo Patterns 102 D. Summary of Conclusions REFERENCES APPENDIX 103 105 110 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Surface Nap, 1500C, 10 December 1957 2. PPI Photographs~ 10 December 1957 3. Cold-frontal and Thin...

Miller, Donald Bradford

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

476

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: W-Band ARM Cloud Radar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD) by Microtops AtmosphericApplication andAnthe Infrared LandSystem W-Band ARM Cloud Radar System

477

SciTech Connect: Radar cross section of triangular trihedral reflector with  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2) Ca (2)Frameworkextended bottom plate. Radar

478

Sandia National Laboratories land use permit for operations at Oliktok Alaska Long Range Radar Station.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The property subject to this Environmental Baseline Survey (EBS) is located at the Oliktok Long Range Radar Station (LRRS). The Oliktok LRRS is located at 70%C2%B0 30' W latitude, 149%C2%B0 53' W longitude. It is situated at Oliktok Point on the shore of the Beaufort Sea, east of the Colville River. The purpose of this EBS is to document the nature, magnitude, and extent of any environmental contamination of the property; identify potential environmental contamination liabilities associated with the property; develop sufficient information to assess the health and safety risks; and ensure adequate protection for human health and the environment related to a specific property.

Catechis, Christopher Spyros

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Cloud Properties from Doppler Radar Spectra - a Growing Suite of Information Extraction Algorithms  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationClean Communities of WesternVailCloisteredPresence offrom Doppler Radar

480

ON THE IMPACT OF SUPER RESOLUTION WSR-88D DOPPLER RADAR DATA ASSIMILATION ON HIGH RESOLUTION NUMERICAL MODEL FORECASTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assimilation of radar velocity and precipitation fields into high-resolution model simulations can improve precipitation forecasts with decreased 'spin-up' time and improve short-term simulation of boundary layer winds (Benjamin, 2004 & 2007; Xiao, 2008) which is critical to improving plume transport forecasts. Accurate description of wind and turbulence fields is essential to useful atmospheric transport and dispersion results, and any improvement in the accuracy of these fields will make consequence assessment more valuable during both routine operation as well as potential emergency situations. During 2008, the United States National Weather Service (NWS) radars implemented a significant upgrade which increased the real-time level II data resolution to 8 times their previous 'legacy' resolution, from 1 km range gate and 1.0 degree azimuthal resolution to 'super resolution' 250 m range gate and 0.5 degree azimuthal resolution (Fig 1). These radar observations provide reflectivity, velocity and returned power spectra measurements at a range of up to 300 km (460 km for reflectivity) at a frequency of 4-5 minutes and yield up to 13.5 million point observations per level in super-resolution mode. The migration of National Weather Service (NWS) WSR-88D radars to super resolution is expected to improve warning lead times by detecting small scale features sooner with increased reliability; however, current operational mesoscale model domains utilize grid spacing several times larger than the legacy data resolution, and therefore the added resolution of radar data is not fully exploited. The assimilation of super resolution reflectivity and velocity data into high resolution numerical weather model forecasts where grid spacing is comparable to the radar data resolution is investigated here to determine the impact of the improved data resolution on model predictions.

Chiswell, S

2009-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "aperture radar insar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

On the measurement of wind speeds in tornadoes with a portable CW/FM-CW Doppler radar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both the formation mechanism and structure of tornadoes are not yet well understood. The Doppler radar is probably the best remote-sensing instrument at present for determining the wind field in tornadoes. Although much has been learned about the non-supercell tornado from relatively close range using Doppler radars at fixed sites, close-range measurements in supercell tornadoes are relatively few. Doppler radar can increase significantly the number of high-resolution, sub-cloud base measurements of both the tornado vortex and its parent vortex in supercells, with simultaneous visual documentation. The design details and operation of the CW/FM-CW Doppler radar developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and used by storm-intercept teams at the Univ. of Oklahoma are described elsewhere. The radar transmits 1 W at 3 cm, and can be switched back and forth between CW and FM-CW modes. In the FM-CW mode the sweep repetition frequency is 15.575 kHz and the sweep width 1.9 MHz; the corresponding maximum unambiguous range and velocity, and range resolution are 5 km, {plus minus} 115 m s{sup {minus}1}, and 78 m respectively. The bistatic antennas, which have half-power beamwidths of 5{degree}, are easily pointed wit the aid of a boresighted VCR. FM-CW Data are recorded on the VCR, while voice documentation is recorded on the audio tape; video is recorded on another VCR. The radar and antennas are easily mounted on a tripod, and can be set up by three people in a minute or two. The purpose of this paper is to describe the signal processing techniques used to determine the Doppler spectrum in the FM-CW mode and a method of its interpretation in real time, and to present data gathered in a tornadic storm in 1990. 15 refs., 7 figs.

Bluestein, H.B. (Oklahoma Univ., Norman, OK (USA). School of Meteorology); Unruh, W.P. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Tomographic data developed using the ABEM RAMAC borehole radar system at the Mixed Waste Landfill Integrated Demonstration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ABEM RAMAC borehole radar system was run as part of the Mixed Waste Landfill Integrated Demonstration for Sandia National Laboratories at Kirtland AFB. Tomograms were created between three test boreholes-UCAP No. 1, UCAP No. 2, and UCAP No. 3. These tomograms clearly delineate areas of amplitude attenuation and residual time of arrival or slowness differences. Plots for slowness were made using both the maximum and minimum of the first arrival pulse. The data demonstrates that the ABEM RAMAC 60-MHz pulse sampling radar system can be used to collect usable data in a highly conductive environment.

MacLeod, G.A.; Barker, D.L.; Molnar, S. [Raytheon Services Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)

1994-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

483

Comparison of optically measured and radar-derived horizontal neutral winds. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nighttime thermospheric winds for Sondrestrom, Greenland from 11 nights between 1983 and 1988, have been compared to learn about the O(+)-O collision cross section and the high-latitude atomic oxygen density. The horizontal winds in the magnetic meridian were derived indirectly from incoherent-scatter radar (ISR) measurements on ion velocities antiparallel to the magnetic field and directly from Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) measurements of Doppler shifts of the (6300-A) emission of atomic oxygen. In deriving the radar winds, the O(+)-O collision cross section, was scaled by a factor of f what was varied from 0.5 to 5.1. On the basis of several arguments the altitude of the 6300-A emission was assumed to be 230 km. The best agreement between the ISR and FPI winds was obtained when f was increased substantially, to between 1.7 and 3.4. If the average peak emission altitude were higher, these factors would be larger; if it were lower, they would be somewhat smaller. However, if the average altitude were substantially lower it would have been more difficult to have obtained agreement between the two techniques.

Christie, M.S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

UWB radar technique for arc detection in coaxial cables and waveguides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As spread spectrum technology has revolutionized the communications industry, Ultra Wide Band (UWB) technology is dramatically improving radar performances. These advanced signal processing techniques have been adapted to coaxial cables and waveguides to provide new features and enhanced performance on arc detection. UWB signals constituted by a sequence of chips (properly chosen to reduce side lobes and to improve detection accuracy) are transmitted along the transmission lines at a specified Pulse Repetition Frequency (PRF) and their echoes are received by means of directional couplers. The core of the receiver is an ultra high-speed correlator implemented in a Digital Signal Processor (DSP). When a target (arc) is detected, its position and its 'radar cross section' are calculated to be able to provide the arc position along the transmission line and to be able to classify the type of detected arc. The 'background scattering' is routinely extracted from the received signal at any pulse. This permits to be resilient to the background structure of transmission lines (bends, junctions, windows, etc.). Thanks to the localization feature, segmentation is also possible for creating sensed and non-sensed zones (for example, to be insensitive to antenna load variations)

Maggiora, R.; Salvador, S. [Politecnico di Torino, Department of Electronics, Torino (Italy)

2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

485

HERMES: a high-speed radar imaging system for inspection of bridge decks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion of rebar in concrete bridges causes subsurface cracks and is a major cause of structural degradation that necessitates repair or replacement. Early detection of corrosion effects can limit the location and extent of necessary repairs, while providing long-term information about the infrastructure status. Most current detection methods, however, are destructive of the road surface and require closing or restricting traffic while the tests are performed. A ground-penetrating radar imaging system has been designed and developed that will perform the nondestructive evaluation of road-bed cracking at traffic speeds; i.e., without the need to restrict traffic flow. The first-generation system (called the HERMES bridge inspector), consists of an offset-linear array of 64 impulse radar transceivers and associated electronics housed in a trailer. Computers in the trailer and in the towing vehicle control the data acquisition, processing, and display. Cross-road resolution is three centimeters at up to 30 cm in depth, while down-road resolution depends on speed; 3 cm below 20 mph up to 8 cm at 50 mph. A two-meter- wide path is inspected on each pass over the roadway. This paper, describes the design of this system, shows preliminary results, and lays out its deployment schedule.

Azevedo, S.G.

1996-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

486

An Integrated Display and Analysis Methodology for Multivariable Radar Data BRENDA A. DOLAN AND STEVEN A. RUTLEDGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

products such as bulk hydrometeor identification and Doppler-derived winds to be viewed in real time-depth analysis using radar products, such as Doppler-derived wind vectors and hydrometeor identification, has identification, and rainfall rate. The software was successfully tested during the summers of 2004 and 2005

Rutledge, Steven

487

Using satellite radar backscatter to predict above-ground woody biomass: A consistent relationship across four different African  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using satellite radar backscatter to predict above-ground woody biomass: A consistent relationship. [1] Regional-scale above-ground biomass (AGB) estimates of tropical savannas and woodlands are highly and L-band backscatter for lower-biomass tropical woody vegetation. This relationship allows regional

488

Analysis of cloud layer structure in Shouxian, China using RS92 radiosonde aided by 95 GHz cloud radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of cloud layer structure in Shouxian, China using RS92 radiosonde aided by 95 GHz cloud to analyze cloud vertical structure over this area by taking advantage of the first direct measurements of cloud vertical layers from the 95 GHz radar. Singlelayer, twolayer, and threelayer clouds account for 28

Li, Zhanqing

489

Mapping of Ice Sheet Deep Layers and Fast Outlet Glaciers with Multi-Channel-High-Sensitivity Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation discusses the waveform design, the development of SAR and clutter reduction algorithms for MCRDS radars that are developed at CReSIS to map the ice-sheet bed, deep internal layers and fast-flowing outlet glaciers. It is verified...

Li, Jilu

2009-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

490

Evaluation of Terrestrial Laser Scanning and Ground Penetrating Radar for Field-Based High-Throughput Phenotyping in Wheat Breeding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

laser scanning (TLS) and ground penetrating radar (GPR) have the potential to fill this gap by non-invasively estimating biomass and mapping three-dimensional above- and below-ground vegetation. The research objective was to evaluate the use of TLS...

Thompson, Sean M

2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

491

The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Long Wavelength Array (LWA): A Large HF/VHF Array for Solar Physics, Ionospheric Science, and Solar Radar Namir E. Kassim Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 Stephen M. White AFRL will be a powerful tool for solar physics and space weather investigations, through its ability to characterize

Ellingson, Steven W.

492

Impacts of Mobile Radar and Telecommunications Sys-tems on Earth Remote Sensing in the 22-27 GHz Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) vehicular radar systems operating in the 22-27 GHz fre- quency range a technical assessment on the potential (GRSS) Technical Committee on Frequency Alloca- tion in Remote Sensing (FARS) is charged with providing suggests that inter- ference to the passive services at power levels several or- ders of magnitude above

Ruf, Christopher

493

High-aperture binary axicons for the formation of the longitudinal electric field component on the optical axis for linear and circular polarizations of the illuminating beam  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diffraction of uniformly polarized laser beams with vortex phase singularity is theoretically analyzed using the plane wave expansion. It is shown that for a high numerical aperture, an intense longitudinal electric field component is formed on the optical axis in this case. It is numerically demonstrated that an analogous effect is ensured for diffraction of a conventional Gaussian beam from asymmetric binary axicons. The field intensity on the optical axis can be varied either by rotating the optical element or by changing the direction of polarization of radiation.

Khonina, S. N., E-mail: khonina@smr.ru; Savelyev, D. A., E-mail: dmitrey.savelyev@yandex.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Image Processing Systems (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

A High Resolution Hydrometer Phase Classifier Based on Analysis of Cloud Radar Doppler Spectra.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The lifecycle and radiative properties of clouds are highly sensitive to the phase of their hydrometeors (i.e., liquid or ice). Knowledge of cloud phase is essential for specifying the optical properties of clouds, or else, large errors can be introduced in the calculation of the cloud radiative fluxes. Current parameterizations of cloud water partition in liquid and ice based on temperature are characterized by large uncertainty (Curry et al., 1996; Hobbs and Rangno, 1998; Intriery et al., 2002). This is particularly important in high geographical latitudes and temperature ranges where both liquid droplets and ice crystal phases can exist (mixed-phase cloud). The mixture of phases has a large effect on cloud radiative properties, and the parameterization of mixed-phase clouds has a large impact on climate simulations (e.g., Gregory and Morris, 1996). Furthermore, the presence of both ice and liquid affects the macroscopic properties of clouds, including their propensity to precipitate. Despite their importance, mixed-phase clouds are severely understudied compared to the arguably simpler single-phase clouds. In-situ measurements in mixed-phase clouds are hindered due to aircraft icing, difficulties distinguishing hydrometeor phase, and discrepancies in methods for deriving physical quantities (Wendisch et al. 1996, Lawson et al. 2001). Satellite-based retrievals of cloud phase in high latitudes are often hindered by the highly reflecting ice-covered ground and persistent temperature inversions. From the ground, the retrieval of mixed-phase cloud properties has been the subject of extensive research over the past 20 years using polarization lidars (e.g., Sassen et al. 1990), dual radar wavelengths (e.g., Gosset and Sauvageot 1992; Sekelsky and McIntosh, 1996), and recently radar Doppler spectra (Shupe et al. 2004). Millimeter-wavelength radars have substantially improved our ability to observe non-precipitating clouds (Kollias et al., 2007) due to their excellent sensitivity that enables the detection of thin cloud layers and their ability to penetrate several non-precipitating cloud layers. However, in mixed-phase clouds conditions, the observed Doppler moments are dominated by the highly reflecting ice crystals and thus can not be used to identify the cloud phase. This limits our ability to identify the spatial distribution of cloud phase and our ability to identify the conditions under which mixed-phase clouds form.

Luke,E.; Kollias, P.

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

495

Estimating Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity from Surface Ground-Penetrating Radar Monitoring of Infiltration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study we used Hydrus-1D to simulate water infiltration from a ring infiltrometer. We generated water content profiles at each time step of infiltration, based on a particular value of the saturated hydraulic conductivity while knowing the other van Genuchten parameters. Water content profiles were converted to dielectric permittivity profiles using the Complex Refractive Index Method relation. We then used the GprMax suite of programs to generate radargrams and to follow the wetting front using arrival time of electromagnetic waves recorded by a Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR). Theoretically, the depth of the inflection point of the water content profile simulated at any infiltration time step is related to the peak of the reflected amplitude recorded in the corresponding trace in the radargram. We used this relationship to invert the saturated hydraulic conductivity for constant and falling head infiltrations. We present our method on synthetic examples and on two experiments carried out on sand. We f...

Léger, Emmanuel; Coquet, Yves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Thunderstorm characteristics of cloud-to-ground lightning at the Kennedy Space Center, Florida: a study of lightning initiation signatures as indicated by Doppler radar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies . a. Ground Flash Density b. First Stroke Peak Current . . c. Diurnal Cycle 2. Thunderstorm Characteristics a. Thunderstorm Electrification . . . . . . . b. Thunderstorm Activity . 3. Radar Studies . a. Radar Analysis b. Vertical Profiles... Mexico. Taylor (1978) also found the center of activity to be associated with the supercooled cloud layer between the regions of ? 5'C and ? 20'C. One theory of thunderstorm electrification supports the idea of an ice-related precipitation...

Gremillion, Michael Shane

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Non-Invasive, Non-Contact Heart Monitoring of Hemodialysis Patients with a Micropower Impulse Radar Technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the LLNL LDRD funded portion of a collaborative project to demonstrate and clinically evaluate the micropower impulse radar technology as a means to non-invasively monitor the heart of chronic care patients undergoing hemodialysis. The development is based upon technologies and expertise unique to LLNL. The LLNL LDRD funded portion of this project was used to assist in the definition, design, construction, and evaluation of the prototype.

Chang, J; Levin, N; Poland, D; Welsh, P; Paulsen, C; Trebes, J; Rosenbury, R; Killip, T

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

An analysis of the data collection modes of a digital weather radar system with respect to significant severe weather features  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. Conclusions Recommendations Page 109 109 111 REFERENCES. APPENDIX A. APPENDIX B. 113 115 131 143 viii LIST OF TABLES Table Page WSR/TAM-2 Weather Radar Technical Characteristics. . . 20 Antenna Scan Rates (rpm... reduction techniques can be applied. The usual pracr. ice is to measure the returned power in terms of decibels with respect to a standard reference power level, normally 1 mw. Power levels are then expressed in units of dBm, either above (+) or below...

Neyland, Michael Arthur

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Cloud Effects on Radiative Heating Rate Profiles over Darwin using ARM and A-train Radar/Lidar Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations of clouds from the ground-based U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program (ARM) and satellite-based A-train are used to compute cloud radiative forcing profiles over the ARM Darwin, Australia site. Cloud properties are obtained from both radar (the ARM Millimeter Cloud Radar (MMCR) and the CloudSat satellite in the A-train) and lidar (the ARM Micropulse lidar (MPL) and the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) satellite in the A-train) observations. Cloud microphysical properties are taken from combined radar and lidar retrievals for ice clouds and radar only or lidar only retrievals for liquid clouds. Large, statistically significant differences of up to 1.43 K/day exist between the mean ARM and A-train net cloud radiative forcing profiles. The majority of the difference in cloud radiative forcing profiles is shown to be due to a large difference in the cloud fraction above 12 km. Above this altitude the A-train cloud fraction is significantly larger because more clouds are detected by CALIPSO than by the ground-based MPL. It is shown that the MPL is unable to observe as many high clouds as CALIPSO due to being more frequently attenuated and a poorer sensitivity even in otherwise clear-sky conditions. After accounting for cloud fraction differences and instrument sampling differences due to viewing platform we determined that differences in cloud radiative forcing due to the retrieved ice cloud properties is relatively small. This study demonstrates that A-train observations are better suited for the calculation cloud radiative forcing profiles. In addition, we find that it is necessary to supplement CloudSat with CALIPSO observations to obtain accurate cloud radiative forcing profiles since a large portion of clouds at Darwin are detected by CALIPSO only.

Thorsen, Tyler J.; Fu, Qiang; Comstock, Jennifer M.

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

500

Combining a monostatic sodar with a radar wind profiler and RASS in a power plant pollution study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single-beam monostatic sodar, radar wind profiler, radio acoustic sounding system (RASS), and in situ sensors mounted on a 100-m tower were used to acquire meteorological data in the vicinity of a coal burning power plant in a northern Thailand valley. These data were used to examine the atmospheric processes that are responsible for fumigation of high concentrations of sulfur dioxide to the surface on a near daily basis during the cool season.

Crescenti, G.H.; Templeman, B.D.; Gaynor, J.E.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z