Sample records for apartments duplex houses

  1. Automated Management Systems of Multi-Apartment Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snidere, L.; Briedis, V.; Jurkevics, L.; Berke, L.; Vingre, I.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    apartment house exploitation and automatic engineering system operation and energy resource consumption monitoring possibility. Automatic engineering system of operation control and energy resource consumption accounting provides the necessary comfort...

  2. ITP Industrial Distributed Energy: Boa Vista Apartments: New Bedford Housing Authority/ New Bedford, MA

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Overview of Boa Vista Apartments housing development, with CHP system to provide electricity and hot water.

  3. APART

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002662MLTPL00 Automated Pre-processing for NMR Assignments with Reduced Tedium http://sir.lanl.gov/APART.htm

  4. The case for micro-apartment housing in growing urban centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shore, Zachary, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Taking an analytical approach, this thesis will address how the unmet housing need of urban single-person households can be rectified by the introduction of micro-apartments. The existing housing stock has been built largely ...

  5. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  6. West Village Student Housing Phase I: Apartment Monitoring and Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    German, A.; Bell, C.; Dakin, B.; Hoeschele, M.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building America team Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) worked with the University of California, Davis (UC Davis) and the developer partner West Village Community Partnership (WVCP) to evaluate performance on 192 student apartments completed in September, 2011 as part of Phase I of the multi-purpose West Village project. West Village, the largest planned zero net energy community in the United States. The campus neighborhood is designed to enable faculty, staff and students to affordably live near campus, take advantage of environmentally friendly transportation options, and participate fully in campus life. The aggressive energy efficiency measures that are incorporated in the design contribute to source energy reductions of 37% over the B10 Benchmark. The energy efficiency measures that are incorporated into these apartments include increased wall & attic insulation, high performance windows, high efficiency heat pumps for heating and cooling, central heat pump water heaters (HPWHs), 100% high efficacy lighting, and ENERGY STAR major appliances. Results discuss how measured energy use compares to modeling estimates over a 10 month monitoring period and includes a cost effective evaluation.

  7. 2014-2015 STUDENT HOUSING APARTMENT CONTRACT TERMS, CONDITIONS and REGULATIONS 1. SCOPE. These Terms and Conditions are, by reference, incorporated into the contract document for Student Housing Apartments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    2014-2015 STUDENT HOUSING APARTMENT CONTRACT TERMS, CONDITIONS and REGULATIONS 1. SCOPE. These Terms and Conditions are, by reference, incorporated into the contract document for Student Housing are specified in the Student Housing Apartment Fee Schedule, hereby incorporated by reference. 4. THE UNIVERSITY

  8. FALL 2012, WINTER 2013 UNFURNISHED APARTMENT LICENSE AGREEMENT HOUSING DATES OF OCCUPANCY: You will receive written communication from the Office of Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    Apartments. I acknowledge that I have reviewed the pamphlet entitled "Protect Your Family from Lead in Your will receive written communication from the Office of Housing and Residential Life regarding your approved dates of occupancy based on your requested dates. This Unfurnished Apartment Housing License Agreement

  9. UCSC EMPLOYEE HOUSING APARTMENTS APPLICATION Rental rates include: rent, refuse collection, common area utilities, groundskeeping services, and repairs and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    UCSC EMPLOYEE HOUSING APARTMENTS APPLICATION Rental rates include: rent, refuse collection, common for current rental rates): 1 bedroom 1 bdrm deluxe 2 bdrm/1 bath 2 bdrm/2 bath) If you are interested in a two rates to eligible employees (see corresponding figures in table below). Please check the box below

  10. Case study of the 424 West 33rd Street Apartment House

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, C.S.; Converse, A.O.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The case study of a proposed retrofit project - the conversion of a 69-year old industrial loft in midtown Manhattan to an apartment building - shows that dramatic energy economies are possible by renovation rather than replacement. The proposed retrofitted building is projected to yield savings of 80 to 86% in space heating over the average pre-war New York City apartment building. The type and amount of south wall fenestration have important and somewhat surprising consequences for energy use in apartment buildings. Maximizing the use of south glass in itself is not a good idea. Three south wall fenestration models are examined in a dynamic thermal network computer simulation: direct gain, or curtain wall, with essentially 100% glass; conventional windows, in an insulated wall; and sunspace: outer wall 100% glass; inner wall 50% glass, 50% masonry. The direct gain south-facing apartment has a 12% greater thermal energy requirement - heating and cooling combined - as the north-facing apartment with conventional window openings; the conventional model has 77% of the energy requirement of the north-facing apartment; and the sunspace has 49% of the energy requirement of the north-facing apartment. The background and existing conditions; architectural design; evaluation of building design through simulated thermal performance; heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system design; embodied energy; active solar system evaluation; and solar access litigation and legislation are discussed.

  11. Specializing in Apartment & Residential Leasing, Sales, Home Purchase and Nationwide Corporate Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bittner, Eric R.

    . And here's more good news: the Houston area is now home to more Fortune 500 companies than any other city Corporate Housing Houston: Unequaled Housing Value Houston is a city of contrasts and surprises, of sky, of energy giants and world-class educational complexes, of Grand Opera and great expanses of year

  12. A comparative study of single family and multifamily housing recovery following 1992 Hurricane Andrew in Miami-Dade County, Florida

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Jing-Chein

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    examines the recovery of single family, duplex, and apartment complex housing in south Miami-Dade County, Florida, after 1992 Hurricane Andrew to determine if there is indeed a "multifamily home lag." This research also provides a better understanding...

  13. Table HC1.1.4 Housing Unit Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14Total DeliveredPrincipal shale gas:14:9a. Housing

  14. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Cascade Apartments- Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit (Fact Sheet)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington, which resulted in annual energy cost savings of 22%, improved comfort and air quality for residents, and increased durability of the units.

  15. Earth-sheltered apartments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Germer, J.

    1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth-sheltered apartments for students at St. Johns University, Collegeville, MN are described. The intent was to provide energy-efficient, low maintenance housing in a neighborhood environment for the students. Students would learn about energy-conscious architecture from living in the buildings. The buildings have had few problems, but energy performance has not been up to expectations. The consumption of electricity exceeded predictions by 49%. The most likely answer to the problem is deviation from design. Several items of energy-efficient design were specified but deleted in order to cut costs.

  16. Multifamily Apartment Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Efficiency Vermont offers rebates for the installation of energy efficient equipment in existing multifamily apartments in Vermont for rental property owners. Managers of multifamily apartments may...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total U.S.1...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Housing Unit Type, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,"Single-Family Units",,"Apartments in Buildings With" ,"Total...

  1. UniversityApartments/Platt'sLaneEstates Western Apartments Handbook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    UniversityApartments/Platt'sLaneEstates Western Apartments Handbook Page 1 WELCOME Western & Platt's Lane Estates). The University Apartments are focused on providing accommodations to upper year single students, while Platt's Lane Estates provides accommodations for students with families

  2. housing.ucdavis.edu STUDENT HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    housing.ucdavis.edu STUDENT HOUSING Campus Apartments and Community Options Professional, and in the Bishop Ranch Business Park in San Ramon in the East Bay. UC Davis Student Housing helps graduate and professional students and postdoctoral scholars find housing at or near their program's campus. Review

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Fuels Used and End Uses in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by OwnerRenter Status, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,,,"Housing Unit Type" ,,,,"Single-Family Units",,,,"Apartments in Buildings With"...

  7. Housing and Residential Life

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    1 Housing and Residential Life Guidebook 2014-2015 LivingCampus #12;2 fau.edu/housing Welcome! The Housing & Residential Life staff is excited that you've moved home! Florida Atlantic University residence halls and apartments are your home for the 2014-2015 school year. The Housing & Residential Life staff

  8. HOUSING GUARANTEE Apply Online

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    THE UCI HOUSING GUARANTEE Apply Online 1 Log in to your MyAdmission account via the tab of Admission fee. 3 Complete the Online Housing Application and pay the $20 non-refundable fee. Freshmen apply for the residence halls. Transfer students apply for Arroyo Vista theme houses and on-campus apartments. Students 25

  9. UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE Off-Campus Housing Resource Guide for PSU Students

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE Off-Campus Housing Resource Guide for PSU Students Websites Several websites you might find helpful for off-campus housing information are: The Willamette Week - http-4939, (503) 224-4939 or http://portlandroomate.com Apartment search engine www.apartments.com Local housing

  10. HOUSING: Senior year offers the broadest range of housing options.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    SENIOR HOUSING: Senior year offers the broadest range of housing options. Most seniors live in an apartment or wood frame house with a group of friends, although some choose to live in a residence hall or program house. STUDENT STAFF: Senior areas are staffed by Community Advisors. See previous box

  11. BREAK HOUSING HALLS NOTICE FOR SPRING SEMESTER HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    BREAK HOUSING HALLS NOTICE FOR SPRING SEMESTER HOUSING BRETT | LEWIS | PRINCE | CASHIN NORTH AREA APARTMENTS #12;If you are cancelling your Break Housing assignment for the spring semester, you have two will receive a $100 refund of the Break Housing fee to your fall Bursar account. 2. If you remain beyond 6:00pm

  12. Housing Services Page 27Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Off-Campus Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Housing Services Page 27Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Off-Campus Housing The Housing, accessible online on Housing's website, includes rental houses, apartments, and rooms in private homes available. Summer Session and Conferences During the summer, the Residential Community provides housing

  13. Page 28 Housing Services Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog Off-Campus Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Page 28 Housing Services Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog Off-Campus Housing The Housing, accessible online on Housing's website, includes rental houses, apartments, and rooms in private homes available. Summer Session and Conferences During the summer, the Residential Community provides housing

  14. Duplex Stainless Steels Margaret Gorog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    , substituted for 6% mo SS in bleach plant Hyper DSS, Offshore oil applications Super, Hyper ­ Corrosion11/14/2014 1 Duplex Stainless Steels Margaret Gorog Federal Way, WA Pulp and Paper Corrosion for suction rolls Duplex Stainless Steel · Improved corrosion and more importantly, stress corrosion cracking

  15. LOOKING FOR HOUSING FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    LOOKING FOR HOUSING FOR THE 2012-13 ACADEMIC YEAR? TRY THE FARM AND INDUSTRY SHORT COURSE RESIDENCE@cals.wisc.edu www.fisc.cals.wisc.edu/housing COST A double shared room for the academic year is $3,228* per who hasn't already signed a contract with University Housing or an off-campus apartment vendor!! #12

  16. THE DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL WELDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    THE DEVELOPMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURE IN DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL WELDS by Naseem Issa Abdallah Haddad;The Development of Microstructure in Duplex Stainless Steel Welds Abstract Duplex stainless steels

  17. Steps to Take in Locating Off-Campus Housing in Baltimore 1. Access the JHMI Housing Office website www.hopkinsmedicine.org/housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Heydt, Rdiger

    Steps to Take in Locating Off-Campus Housing in Baltimore 1. Access the JHMI Housing Office website www.hopkinsmedicine.org/housing Pull up the off-campus housing section to familiarize yourself the Housing Office for updated lists of Baltimore Apartment Complexes popular with Hopkins students

  18. Switch to duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quik, J.M.A.; Geudeke, M.

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels contain approximately equal proportions of ferrite and austenite. These stainless steels have become an established material of construction in the chemical process industries (CPI). Duplexes offer benefits over austenitic stainless steels and carbon steels because of their higher strength, and good toughness and ductility, in combination with equivalent resistance to general corrosion, as well as better resistance to localized corrosion and stress corrosion cracking. Additionally, duplex materials have thermal-conductivity and thermal-expansion coefficients similar to those of ferritic materials, are tough at low (sub-zero) temperatures, and have a high resistance to erosion and abrasion. In some of the highly corrosive environments encountered in the CPI, the super duplex stainless steels offer cost-effective options not possible with the standard austenitic stainless steels. The initial applications were almost exclusively as heat exchanger tubing in water-cooled service. In recent times, duplex stainless steels have been used in the oil, gas, and chemical industries. Examples include service in sweet and mildly sour corrosive environments, on offshore platforms where weight savings can be realized, and as a replacement for standard austenitic stainless steel in chemical-processing plants.

  19. Newporter Apartments: Deep Energy Retrofit Short-Term Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, A.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Lubliner, M.; Auer, D.; Clegg, Z.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project demonstrates a path to meet the goal of the Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30% in multi-family buildings. The project demonstrates cost effective energy savings targets as well as improved comfort and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) associated with deep energy retrofits by a large public housing authority as part of a larger rehabilitation effort. The project focuses on a typical 1960's vintage low-rise multi-family apartment community (120 units in three buildings).

  20. Residence Coordinator Agreement Concerning University Provided Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    Residence Coordinator Agreement Concerning University Provided Housing I understand-campus apartments and provides such housing. My acceptance of employment also constitutes my agreement to the following terms related to housing provided to me by the University: 1. I agree to make no substantial

  1. Passivhus Norden 2008 1st Nordic passive house conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    -Efficiency Heat Pump Water Heater System for Apartment Buildings of Passive House Standard...........57 SESSION 3:00 Jørn Stene CO2 Heat Pump System for Space Heating and Hot Water Heating in Low-Energy Houses

  2. Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, P.N.; Shehabi, A.; Chan, R.W.; Gadgil, A.J.

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compiled and analyzed available data concerning indoor-outdoor air leakage rates and building leakiness parameters for commercial buildings and apartments. We analyzed the data, and reviewed the related literature, to determine the current state of knowledge of the statistical distribution of air exchange rates and related parameters for California buildings, and to identify significant gaps in the current knowledge and data. Very few data were found from California buildings, so we compiled data from other states and some other countries. Even when data from other developed countries were included, data were sparse and few conclusive statements were possible. Little systematic variation in building leakage with construction type, building activity type, height, size, or location within the u.s. was observed. Commercial buildings and apartments seem to be about twice as leaky as single-family houses, per unit of building envelope area. Although further work collecting and analyzing leakage data might be useful, we suggest that a more important issue may be the transport of pollutants between units in apartments and mixed-use buildings, an under-studied phenomenon that may expose occupants to high levels of pollutants such as tobacco smoke or dry cleaning fumes.

  3. INTENT TO RESIDE IN FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING 2011 -2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tufts University

    INTENT TO RESIDE IN FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING FOR 2011 - 2012 Tufts University Office-2012 academic year. I understand that by signing this intent form, I forgo my selection in the housing lottery, including on- campus apartments and special interest housing. I also understand that if I do choose housing

  4. housing.ucdavis.edu Living at UC Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    housing.ucdavis.edu Living at UC Davis Apartments Living at UC Davis STUDENT HOUSING #12;2 Every year, Student Housing is home to over 6000 UC Davis students, over 500 of whom are transfer students and students participating in graduate and professional programs. UC Davis also provides housing that is ideal

  5. Apartment Touring ChecklistApartment Touring ChecklistApartment Touring ChecklistApartment Touring Checklist Here are some things to keep in mind when looking at apartments to prevent potential issues.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Checklist Here are some things to keep in mind when looking at apartments to prevent potential issues. Where

  6. 60 Years of duplex stainless steel applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsson, J.; Liljas, M. [Avesta Sheffield AB, Avesta (Sweden)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the history of wrought duplex stainless steel development and applications is described. Ferritic-austenitic stainless steels were introduced only a few decades after stainless steels were developed. The paper gives details from the first duplex stainless steels in the 1930`s to the super duplex stainless steel development during the 1980`s. During the years much effort has been devoted to production and welding metallurgy as well as corrosion research of the duplex stainless steels. Therefore, duplex stainless steels are to-day established in a wide product range. Numerous important applications are exemplified. In most cases the selection of a duplex steel has been a result of the combination high strength excellent corrosion resistance. In the pulp and paper industry the most interesting use is as vessel material in digesters. For chemical process industry, the duplex steels are currently used in heat exchangers. The largest application of duplex steels exists in the oil and gas/offshore industry. Hundreds of kms of pipelines are installed and are still being installed. An increased use of duplex steels is foreseen in areas where the strength is of prime importance.

  7. Ireland House Scotland HouseFrance House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ireland House Scotland HouseFrance House Dominion House England House Virginia House Student Rec University Center E.V. Williams Engineering & Computational Sciences Physical Sciences II Kaplan Orchid Art Studio Peri/Nuclear & Particle Physics Facility University Police Village 1 Village 2 Village 3

  8. Department of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2012 Assessing the Performance of Energy Efficient Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    of Energy Efficient Housing Overview Penn State's Department of Architecture partnered with the Union Country Housing Authority (UCHA) to create the Energy Efficient Housing Program (EEHP). A duplex was constructed and two homes were remodelled using energy efficient technologies and sustainable materials. UCHA

  9. Affordable Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wegmann, Jake

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Director, Policy and Housing, MacArthur Foundation RobFUTURE OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING RESEARCH AND POLICY SEPTEMBERBERKELEY Affiliated with the Urban Housing Economy & Transit

  10. Analyzing Ventilation Effects of Different Apartment Styles by CFD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, X.; Wang, L.; Ye, Z.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in different directions have distinct ventilation environments. By compare the velocity fields of each apartment in four directions, results show that the apartment in the east has favorable ventilation effects. There are some disadvantages of other apartments...

  11. Klamath Apartment Buildings (13) Space Heating Low Temperature...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Apartment Buildings (13) Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Klamath Apartment Buildings (13) Space Heating Low Temperature...

  12. Duplex stainless steel: From specialty to commodity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quick, J.M.A.; Geudeke, M. [Shell Internationale Petroleum Mij. B.V., The Hague (Netherlands)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Important applications of duplex stainless steel in the oil and chemical industry date from the seventies. Duplex stainless steel is attractive because it combines high mechanical strength, about the same as for carbon steel, and good corrosion resistance particularly against chloride stress corrosion cracking up to about 100 C. This paper highlights a number of examples that are typical for the potential as well as the problems associated with this type of material.

  13. Survey on Cooling Costs and Related Factors for Apartments in an Urban Area of Osaka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umemiya, N.; Lin, X.; Inoue, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . (1978), Hong (1993), Sawachi et al. (1994), and Suzuki et al. (1995). Ojima et al. surveyed the actual situations of energy use for electricity, gas, and kerosene in nine cities for both detached houses and apartments and for both rented and owned... members, the income, and the cooling and heating systems affected the energy use. Enai et al. presented a method to estimate kerosene consumption according to the degree-days. Sawachi et al. introduced estimation formulae of energy use based...

  14. CANADIAN METALLURGICAL QUARTERLY HOT WORKABILITY OF 2304 AND 2205 DUPLEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niewczas, Marek

    339 CANADIAN METALLURGICAL QUARTERLY HOT WORKABILITY OF 2304 AND 2205 DUPLEX STAINLESS STEELS E, 2002; in revised form December, 2003) Abstract -- The duplex stainless steels 2304 and 2205 were that the hot workability of 2304 and 2205 duplex stainless steels can be improved modestly by multistage

  15. Home Fire Safety Inspection Checklist A fire can occur in any part of your home. Use this checklist to make a safety check of your house or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, David

    to make a safety check of your house or apartment. Review it with everyone in the house or apartment. Ask ash trays throughout the house? o Do you check for smoldering cigarette butts in the furniture alarm(s) every month? o Do you replace the battery of your battery operated smoke alarm every year? #12

  16. Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

  17. Cascade Apartments: Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gordon, A.; Mattheis, L.; Kunkle, R.; Howard, L.; Lubliner, M.

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

  18. Geothermal Heat Pump System for the New 500-bed 200,000 SF Student Housing Project at the University at Albanys Main Campus

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This project proposes to heat and cool planned 500-bed apartment-style student housing with closed loop vertical bore geothermal heat pump system installation.

  19. Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, P.N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measured Airflows in a Multifamily Building," AirflowPerformance of Building Envelopes, Components, and Systems,APARTMENTS AND COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS Price, P.N. ; Shehabi,

  20. Dislocation substructure in fatigued duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Polak, J. (Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France). Lab. de Mecanique de Lille Inst. of Physical Metallurgy, Brno (Czechoslovakia). Academy of Sciences); Degallaix, S. (Ecole Centrale de Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France). Lab. de Mecanique de Lille); Kruml, T. (Inst. of Physical Metallurgy, Brno (Czechoslovakia). Academy of Sciences)

    1993-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Cyclic plastic straining of crystalline materials results in the formation of specific dislocation structures. Considerable progress in mapping and understanding internal dislocation structures has been achieved by studying single crystal behavior: however, most structural materials have a polycrystalline structure and investigations of polycrystals in comparison to single crystal behavior of simple metals prove to be very useful in understanding more complex materials. There are some classes of materials, however, with complicated structure which do not have a direct equivalent in single crystalline form. Moreover, the specific dimensions and shapes of individual crystallites play an important role both in the cyclic stress-strain response of these materials and in the formation of their interior structure in cyclic straining. Austenitic-ferritic duplex stainless steel, which is a kind of a natural composite, is a material of this type. The widespread interest in the application of duplex steels is caused by approximately doubled mechanical properties and equal corrosion properties, when compared with classical austenitic stainless steels. Fatigue resistance of these steels as well as the surface damage evolution in cyclic straining have been studied; however, much less is known about the internal substructure development in cyclic straining. In this study the dislocation arrangement in ferritic and austenitic grains of the austenitic-ferritic duplex steel alloyed with nitrogen and cyclically strained with two strain amplitudes, is reported and compared to the dislocation arrangement found in single and polycrystals of austenitic and ferritic materials of a similar composition and with the surface relief produced in cyclic plastic straining.

  1. Characterization of thermal aging of duplex stainless steel by SQUID

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Isobe, Y.; Kamimura, A.; Aoki, K.; Nakayasu, F. [Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermal aging is a growing concern for long-term-aged duplex stainless steel piping in nuclear power plants. Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) was used for the detection of thermal aging of SUS329 rolled duplex stainless steel and SCS16 cast duplex stainless steel. It was found that the SQUID output signal pattern in the presence of AC magnetic field applied to the specimen was sensitive to the changes in electromagnetic properties due to thermal aging.

  2. A Method for Broadband Full-Duplex MIMO Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua, Yingbo; Liang, Ping; Ma, Yiming; Cirik, Ali C; Gao, Qian

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    canceller for collocated radios, IEEE Trans. Microwaveusing off-the shelf radios: Feasibility and first results,Broadband Full-Duplex MIMO Radio Yingbo Hua, Fellow, IEEE,

  3. Meadowlark House

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This poster describes the energy efficiency features and sustainable materials used in the Greensburg GreenTown Chain of Eco-Homes Meadowlark House in Greensburg, Kansas.

  4. Sigmatization of duplex forgings: A case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crolet, J.L. [Elf Aquitaine Production, Pau (France); Corbineau, S. [Elf Aquitaine Production, Lacq (France); Perrollet, C.P. [Elf Enterprise Caledonia, Aberdeen (United Kingdom)

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An S31803 (22-05 alloy) duplex stainless steel flow-cross in service fin the H{sub 2}S-containing Saint-Faust gas field near Lacq was almost broken in two by a corrosion crack resulting from improper heat treatment. Sensitization had occurred much more rapidly than expected from the kinetics of sigma phase formation generally considered in the literature. None of the inspection techniques routinely employed in the oil and gas industry would have been capable of detecting this manufacturing defect. More stringent quality acceptance criteria are therefore necessary.

  5. Microstructure of Super-duplex Stainless Steels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharafi, Shahriar

    1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    .1 Introduction 24 3.2 The Fe-Cr-Ni System . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3 The Alloying Elements in Duplex Stainless Steels 33 3.4 Chromium and Nickel Equivalents . . . . . . . 42 3.5 The Effect of Creq/Nieq Ratio on Equilibrium Volume Fraction of Austenite 43 3... / Austenite Balance 6.1 Introduction . 6.2 Thermodynamic Calculations . . . . . 6.3 Equilibrium Isothermal Heat Treatments 6.4 Effect of Ferrite/ Austenite Balance on Hardness 6.5 Equilibrium Partitioning of Alloying Elements 6.6 Precipitation of Cr2N 6...

  6. Indoor-Outdoor Air Leakage of Apartments and Commercial Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, P.N.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pathways other than a ventilation system. The term C in thepathways other than a ventilation system. Air flow acrossInfiltration and Ventilation Systems in High-Rise Apartment

  7. Indoor Environmental Quality Benefits of Apartment Energy Retrofits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urban Habitat Initiatives Inc. Boston, MA, USA June 2013 Funding was provided by the California Energy energy consumption and improving indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Retrofit measures varied among1 Indoor Environmental Quality Benefits of Apartment Energy Retrofits Federico Norisa, , Gary

  8. Nickel-free duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.; Uggowitzer, P.J.; Magdowski, R.; Speidel, M.O. [ETH-Zentrum, Zurich (Switzerland). Inst. of Metallurgy] [ETH-Zentrum, Zurich (Switzerland). Inst. of Metallurgy

    1998-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that nitrogen-alloying in steel produces a variety of exceptional properties such as high strength, high ductility and, eventually, resistance to stress corrosion cracking. High-nitrogen steels (HNS), therefore, have recently been developed to enhance the strength and corrosion resistance of stainless steels. However, due to a low solubility of nitrogen in a liquid steel under atmospheric pressure, the production of such high-nitrogen alloys needs high-pressure facilities that cause an extra cost. A possible route of developing high-nitrogen alloys under atmospheric pressure is to choose a duplex microstructure, where the amount of austenite and ferrite phase is nearly equal. A much lower nitrogen content is needed to maintain a 50% austenite phase compared with the necessary addition of nitrogen to reach a 100% austenitic microstructure. In addition, duplex stainless steels (DSS) with 40--60% ferrite can significantly improve the SCC-resistance. The objective of this work was to develop a new group of nickel-free, high strength and corrosion resistant DSS. Nickel was completely replaced by nitrogen in order to enhance SCC resistance and reduce the alloying element cost. The microstructure, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and cost analysis of new alloys are investigated in comparison with some commercial stainless steels.

  9. Laminar inclusions of duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hudson, M.E. [Fluor Daniel Canada Inc., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex Stainless Steel have been utilized in the offshore petrochemical industries for over twenty years. The steels are normally manufactured to produce a 50:50 duplex austenitic and ferritic microstructure. The microstructure yields the benefits of high strength, corrosion resistance and low thermal expansion. While constructing a high pressure header box for an air cooled heat exchanger, linear indications were observed along the weld preparation faces. These laminations were parallel to the plate surfaces, reminiscent to oxide inclusions found in carbon steel plates manufactured 20 years ago. Concern over premature failure at the highly stressed corner joints resulted in the rejection of the plates. A metallurgical investigation followed. From scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray, the indications were shown to be rich in Cr, Mn and Si. The inclusions occurred during steel manufacturing and were most likely due to incorrect removal of oxides at the top of the ingot and/or the exclusion of a secondary remelting process. New plates were ordered with tighter production controls on steel processing. The plates were ultrasonically inspected prior to fabrication and no further problems were discovered.

  10. Arctic house

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

  11. UCSB Owned Apartments & Residential Housing TV Starter & TV Essential are provided through UCSB Communication Services.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Govt.Accesss 21 CityofCarpinteria Govt.Accesss 22 CNN 41 Lifetime 42 MSNBC 43 UniMás 44 AztecaAmerica 45 Spike

  12. Nitrogen containing shielding gases for GTAW duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Creffield, G.K.; Cole, M.H.; Paciej, R.; Huang, W.; Urmston, S. [BOC Ltd., London (United Kingdom)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The duplex stainless steel are alloys characterized as consisting of two phases; austenite and ferrite. As such, they combine the benefits of both phases i.e. good ductility and general corrosion resistance of austenite, but with improved stress corrosion cracking resistance and strength associate with ferrite. Carefully controlled manufacturing techniques are employed to produce this combination in roughly equal proportions to ensure optimum properties. The range of duplex alloys studied in this work covered both the standard grade (2205) and the latest generation of super duplex (2507) alloys; typical compositions are shown in Table 1. Although the standard duplex is the most commonly available and widely used, super duplexes, which are characterized by higher chromium, nickel, molybdenum and nitrogen contents, have even better corrosion properties and are finding increasing applications in the offshore industry. To benefit from the superior properties of duplex, it is vital that these alloys can be welded effectively and that the properties of the welded joint match those of the parent weld. The objective of the current investigation was to study the effect of nitrogen, in both the shielding and purge gas, on the weld metal nitrogen content, microstructure and corrosion resistance, with the eventual aim of recommending an effective shielding gas mixture for duplex stainless steels.

  13. Housing Tips for International Students Oncampus Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    1 Housing Tips for International Students Oncampus Housing Oncampus housing at FAU is available on the Boca Raton Campus and the MacArthur (Jupiter) Campus. Oncampus housing early! Housing is limited and allocated on a first come, first serve basis (especially for Graduate

  14. California's Housing Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia; Singa, Krute

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    only improve Californias housing opportunities but produce2004: Californias Affordable Housing Crisis. 2004. http://Raising the Roof: California Housing Development Projections

  15. Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Association of Alaska Housing Authorities is holding a 3-day training event for housing developmentprofessionals titled Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing (DASH). This is a unique...

  16. Postdoc Housing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeeding accessPeptoidLabPhysicsPitsHousing Postdoc Housing Point your

  17. The performance of duplex stainless steels in chemical environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, R. [Weir Materials Ltd., Manchester (United Kingdom). Park Works

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The process industries have used 300 series stainless steels for many years where the corrosion resistance of carbon steel is inadequate. Where stainless steels have proved inadequate there has been a tendency to utilize high nickel alloys, with a greatly increased cost. The present paper reviews the different grades of duplex stainless steel and shows how their superior corrosion and stress corrosion cracking resistance, plus their high strength, can be utilized to provide cost effective alternatives to the high nickel alloys. The use of alternative design codes to take advantages of the properties of duplex alloys is discussed. Data is presented to show the resistance of duplex stainless steels to a variety of chemical environments. The use of duplex stainless steels and the reason for their selection in a number of applications is reviewed.

  18. Force-induced rupture of a DNA duplex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosayebi, Majid; Doye, Jonathan P K; Ouldridge, Thomas E

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The rupture of double-stranded DNA under stress is a key process in biophysics and nanotechnology. In this article we consider the shear-induced rupture of short DNA duplexes, a system that has been given new importance by recently designed force sensors and nanotechnological devices. We argue that rupture must be understood as an activated process, where the duplex state is metastable and the strands will separate in a finite time that depends on the duplex length and the force applied. Thus, the critical shearing force required to rupture a duplex within a given experiment depends strongly on the time scale of observation. We use simple models of DNA to demonstrate that this approach naturally captures the experimentally observed dependence of the critical force on duplex length for a given observation time. In particular, the critical force is zero for the shortest duplexes, before rising sharply and then plateauing in the long length limit. The prevailing approach, based on identifying when the presence o...

  19. Method for fabricating a substrate having spaced apart microcapillaries thereon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jarvis, E.E.

    1995-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods are disclosed for manufacturing a self-supporting substrate having a plurality of spaced-apart needles (spikes or microcapillaries) projecting upwardly from a major surface of the substrate. In a preferred method, metal is deposited onto a porous membrane such that the metal extends into the pores, after which the membrane is dissolved. 9 figures.

  20. EIS-0050-S: Commercial and Apartment Conservation Service Program, Supplemental

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Buildings Energy Research and Development prepared this SEIS to analyze the potential environmental impacts resulting from national implementation of the Commercial and Apartment Conservation Service Program. This SEIS is a supplement to DOE/EIS-0050, Residential Conservation Service Program.

  1. Phase Transformations in Cast Duplex Stainless Steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoon-Jun Kim

    2004-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels (DSS) constitute both ferrite and austenite as a matrix. Such a microstructure confers a high corrosion resistance with favorable mechanical properties. However, intermetallic phases such as {sigma} and {chi} can also form during casting or high-temperature processing and can degrade the properties of the DSS. This research was initiated to develop time-temperature-transformation (TTT) and continuous-cooling-transformation (CCT) diagrams of two types of cast duplex stainless steels, CD3MN (Fe-22Cr-5Ni-Mo-N) and CD3MWCuN (Fe-25Cr-7Ni-Mo-W-Cu-N), in order to understand the time and temperature ranges for intermetallic phase formation. The alloys were heat treated isothermally or under controlled cooling conditions and then characterized using conventional metallographic methods that included tint etching, and also using electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (WDS). The kinetics of intermetallic-phase ({sigma} + {chi}) formation were analyzed using the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (MA) equation in the case of isothermal transformations and a modified form of this equation in the case of continuous cooling transformations. The rate of intermetallic-phase formation was found to be much faster in CD3MWCuN than CD3MN due mainly to differences in the major alloying contents such as Cr, Ni and Mo. To examine in more detail the effects of these elements of the phase stabilities; a series of eight steel castings was designed with the Cr, Ni and Mo contents systematically varied with respect to the nominal composition of CD3MN. The effects of varying the contents of alloying additions on the formation of intermetallic phases were also studied computationally using the commercial thermodynamic software package, Thermo-Calc. In general, {sigma} was stabilized with increasing Cr addition and {chi} by increasing Mo addition. However, a delicate balance among Ni and other minor elements such as N and Si also exists. Phase equilibria in DSS can be affected by local composition fluctuations in the cast alloy. This may cause discrepancy between thermodynamic prediction and experimental observation.

  2. 2014 Summer Housing Summer Housing dates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    2014 Summer Housing FACT SHEET Summer Housing dates: May 19, 2014 August 9, 2014 "Rochester Shines in the Summer Time" Please read all of the information thoroughly. Once signed, your housing contract is binding. *We will begin accepting Summer Housing contracts Monday, April 7, 2014 GENERAL

  3. Duplex Ultrasonography in Assessing Restenosis of Renal Artery Stents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bakker, Jeannette [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Beutler, Jaap J. [Department of Nephrology, University Hospital Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Elgersma, Otto E.H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Lange, Eduard E. de [Department of Radiology, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908 (United States); Kort, Gerard A.P. de; Beek, Frederik J. A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands)

    1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To determine the accuracy and optimal threshold values of duplex ultrasonography (US) in assessing restenosis of renal artery stents. Methods: Twenty-four consecutive patients with 33 renal arteries that had previously been treated with placement of a Palmaz stent underwent duplex US prior to intraarterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA), which was the reference standard. Diagnostic accuracy of in-stent peak systolic velocity (PSV) and reno-aortic ratio (RAR = PSV renal stent/PSV aorta) in detecting > 50% in-stent restenosis were evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic curve. Sensitivity and specificity were determined using the optimal threshold values, and using published threshold values: RAR > 3.5 and in-stent PSV > 180 cm/sec. Results: Six examinations were technically inadequate. Nine stents had residual or restenosis > 50% at DSA. The two duplex parameters were equally accurate since areas under the curves were similar (0.943). With optimal threshold values of 226 cm/sec for PSV and 2.7 for RAR, sensitivities and specificities were 100% and 90%, and 100% and 84%, respectively. Using the published duplex criteria resulted in sensitivities and specificities of 100% and 74% for PSV, and 50% and 89% for RAR. Conclusion: Duplex US is a sensitive modality for detecting in-stent restenosis if laboratory-specific threshold values are used.

  4. Elemental mapping of spinodal decomposition in duplex stainless , J M Titchmarsh2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    Elemental mapping of spinodal decomposition in duplex stainless steels T Yamada1 , J M Titchmarsh2 300o C, regions of delta ferrite in duplex stainless steels are susceptible to SD (Cottrell, 1995 steel that has been aged at two temperatures for various times. 2. EXPERIMENTAL DETAILS Duplex stainless

  5. Housing services Zinfandel Hall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravikumar, B.

    Housing services Zinfandel Hall (707) 664-2541 Fax: (707) 664-4158 e-mail: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing On-Campus Housing The Residential Community provides comfortable, convenient cam- pus housing for 3,000 single students. The Community is a unique mix of nontraditional resident

  6. GUARANTEED HOUSING APPLICATION PROCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    GUARANTEED HOUSING APPLICATION PROCESS 20152016 Housing Options 2014 Parents and Family Day Welcome! #12;Who is eligible for Guaranteed Housing? Freshmen that live on campus their entire first year for guaranteed housing can apply to the housing waitlist later in the school year. #12;What's the Guarantee

  7. Housing System Financial Statements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Housing System Financial Statements June 30, 2010 #12;FLORIDA ATLANTIC UNIVERSITY HOUSING SYSTEM's Housing Division's (Housing) financial performance provides an overview of the financial activities for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010. Please read it in conjunction with Housing's financial statements

  8. Housing policy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

  9. Conway Street Apartments: A Multifamily Deep Energy Retrofit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aldrich, R.; Williamson, J.

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While single-family, detached homes account for 63% of households (EIA 2009); multi-family homes account for a very large portion of that remaining housing stock, and this fraction is growing. Through recent research efforts, CARB has been evaluating strategies and technologies that can make dramatic improvements in energy performance in multi-family buildings.

  10. Corrosion behavior of duplex and reference cladding in NPP Grohnde

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Besch, O.A. [PreussenElektra AG, Hannover (Germany); Yagnik, S.K. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States). Nuclear Power Group; Woods, K.N. [Siemens Power Corp., Richland, WA (United States); Eucken, C.M. [Teledyne Wah Chang, Albany, OR (United States); Bradley, E.R. [Sandvik Special Metals Corp., Kennewick, WA (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Nuclear Fuel Industry Research (NFIR) Group undertook a lead test assembly (LTA) program in NPP Grohnde PWR in Germany to assess the corrosion performance of duplex and reference cladding. Two identical 16 by 16 LTAs, each containing 32 peripheral test rods, completed four reactor cycles, reaching a peak rod burnup of 46 MWd/kgU. The results from poolside examinations performed at the end of each cycle, together with power histories and coolant chemistry, are reported. Five different cladding materials were characterized during fabrication. The corrosion performance of the cladding materials was tracked in long-term tests in high-pressure, high-temperature autoclaves. The relative ranking of corrosion behavior in such tests corresponded well with the in-reactor corrosion performance. The extent and distribution of hydriding in duplex and reference specimens during the autoclave testing has been characterized. The in-reactor corrosion data indicate that the low-tin Zircaloy-4 reference cladding, R2, had an improved corrosion resistance compared to high-tin Zircaloy-4 reference cladding, R1. Two types of duplex cladding, D1 (Zr-2.5% Nb) and D2 (Zr-0.4% Fe-0.5% Sn), showed an even further improvement in corrosion resistance compared to R2 cladding. The third duplex cladding, D3 (Zr-4 + 1.0% Nb), had significantly less corrosion resistance, which was inferior to R1. The in-reactor and out-reactor corrosion performances have been ranked.

  11. THINGS TO CONSIDER WHEN APARTMENT HUNTING IN BOSTON We strongly recommended that you come to Boston to search for an apartment in-person. It is not a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    . It will usually take one month's rent as a deposit to have the realtor de-list the apartment. This should

  12. Protocol for House Parties

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Protocol for House Parties, from the Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP).

  13. WINTER BREAK HOUSING APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    WINTER BREAK HOUSING APPLICATION RESIDENCE HALLS WILL BE CLOSED FROM 12:00PM (NOON), DECEMBER 19-6860 WWW.UAF.EDU/RESLIFE EMAIL UAF-HOUSING@ALASKA.EDU TEL (907) 474-7247 FAX (907) 474-6423 WINTER halls open need to complete the winter break housing application. Students that apply for housing before

  14. Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING FAMILY MEMBER CONFIRMATION FORM *UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE *625 SW JACKSON ST. #210, PORTLAND, OR 97201 *PHONE (503) 725-4375 *FAX (503) 725-4394 *HOUSING@PDX.EDU *WWW.PDX.EDU/HOUSING * For Office Use Only Res Services Assign Accts Badge # RESIDENT INFORMATION

  15. Energy Impacts of Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits of Apartments in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisk, William J.; Norris, Federico; Singer, Brett C.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly gas and electricity use data from a set of 13 study apartments and 20 control apartments from three apartment buildings (B1 B3) in California were analyzed. The study apartments were retrofit with simultaneous energy savings and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) improvements as the goal. The control apartments were not retrofit. Pre-retrofit modeling indicated annual energy savings of 21percent, 17percent, and 27percent for the study apartments in B1-B3, respectively. Based on a comparison of changes in energy use of study apartments to energy use changes of control apartments, total measured savings of gas energy plus site electrical energy were 28percent in B1, 5percent in B2, and 3percent in B3. Given the small number of study apartments and the substantial changes in energy use within control apartments, the project yielded no conclusive evidence of energy savings. Apartment energy use increased with number of occupants and with floor area; however, the association with occupancy was most evident. Climate differences did not appear to be the major driver for the variability in energy use among apartments. Changes in occupant behaviors affecting energy use may have overwhelmed and obscured the energy savings in this small number of buildings. Much larger prior studies employing similar retrofits indicate that the retrofits usually do save energy.

  16. Leveraging Limited Scope for Maximum Benefit in Occupied Renovation of Uninsulated Cold Climate Multifamily Housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neuhauser, K.; Bergey, D.; Osser, R.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project examines a large-scale renovation project within a 500 unit, 1960's era subsidized urban housing community. This research focuses on the airflow control and window replacement measures implemented as part of the renovations to the low-rise apartment buildings. The window replacement reduced the nominal conductive loss of the apartment enclosure by approximately 15%; air sealing measures reduced measured air leakage by approximately 40% on average.

  17. Duplex stainless steels for the pulp and paper industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alfonsson, E.; Olsson, J.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The metallurgy and corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steel, particularly with regards to applications in the pulp and paper industry, are described. Practical experiences from pressure vessel installations in cooking plants and bleach plants as well as from non-pressurized items in different parts along the fiber line, are given. The paper also reviews corrosion test results presented previously and compares these with recent test data and the practical experiences. Though most of the installations have been successful, some cases of corrosion attacks on duplex stainless steel have been reported, although these are very limited in number: one digester, one calorifier, two pulp storage towers, and two bleach plant filter washers, of a total of more than 700 identified installations.

  18. The effect of cathodic protection on duplex stainless steels in sea water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, R.; Byrne, G.; Warburton, G.R. [Weir Materials Ltd., Manchester (United Kingdom)

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report reviews the available data on the embrittlement of duplex stainless steels under cathodic protection in sea water. Much of this data has previously been unpublished. The results show that while hydrogen enters duplex alloys at typical protection potentials ({minus}1V SCE) the risk of failure is very low. The austenite phase tends to block cracks in the ferrite, and very high stresses are needed to produce fracture of the austenite or austenite-ferrite phase boundaries to enable crack propagation to occur. The smaller the grain size the more resistant duplex stainless steel is to embrittlement. The report also shows that currently used design stresses for duplex alloys are well below the stresses needed to produce failure. The service experiences with cathodically protected duplex are reviewed and the few failures explained. The report concludes that at normal protection potentials the risk of failure of duplex stainless steel due to hydrogen embrittlement is extremely low.

  19. Subsidized Housing and Neighborhood Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Florence Louise

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Affordable and Multifamily Housing on Market Values ofManagement and Affordable Housing (pp. 176-211). Washington,Impacts of Assisted Housing: Methodological Issues. In Why

  20. Cleavage-like fracture of austenite in duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foct, J. (Univ. de Lille (France)); Akdut, N. (Inst. fuer Metallkunde und Metallphysik, Aachen (Germany))

    1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Nitrogen alloying of stainless steel has proved to be extremely successful for mechanical and corrosion properties. For duplex stainless steel, which appears to be very promising for industrial application, the beneficial influence of nitrogen has also been established for contents of about 0.2 wt-%. Duplex structures are found in many alloys and systems as, for instance, in Cu- and Ti-alloys and in stainless steel. They all are characterized by a mixture of similar amounts of two phases whose plastic behaviors are different from one another. In the case of duplex stainless steel the matrix phase is usually ferrite. However, by increasing the nitrogen content and therefore the stability of austenite, it is shown in the present work that austenite can also become the matrix. Because the partition coefficient of nitrogen between [alpha] and [gamma] is large, it is also possible to harden the [gamma] phase more than [alpha]. The question this paper attempts to answer is whether or not nitrogen alloying can exchange the roles of the [alpha] and the [gamma] phases with respect to mechanical properties.

  1. Performance history over 10 years of super duplex stainless steel in flue gas desulfurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bendall, K.C. [Langley Alloys Ltd., Maidenhead (United Kingdom)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    25 Cr duplex (austenitic/ferritic) stainless steel containing copper and nitrogen offers a cost effective solution to material selection for pollution control equipment. The properties of duplex stainless steel which make it suitable for this type of application are discussed and long term performance histories presented. It is concluded that high alloy duplex steel has an important role to play in the production of low maintenance reliable equipment for FGD and other pollution control systems.

  2. Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit , Kent, Washington (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

  3. 100% petroleum house

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

  4. Insulator for laser housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

  5. Public Housing The following public housings are also available; however,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    121 Public Housing The following public housings are also available; however, these are not limited Hyogo Prefecture Housing Only for Family Hyogo Prefecture Public Corp. Rental Accommodation Single or Family Kobe City Housing Only for Family URL Housing Informaition http://www.kobe-u.ac.jp/international/student/guidebook/housing

  6. Parnassus Housing Incoming Package Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Keith

    Parnassus Housing Incoming Package Policy UCSF's Parnassus Housing Street tenants. Housing Services will sign for packages from all carriers. In order to provide the most efficient service, Housing Services receives

  7. Disability Housing Accommodations Procedures & Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Disability Housing Accommodations Procedures & Guidelines In compliance with Section 504 reasonable accommodations to students with disabilities in housing. According to the ADA, a disability to live in IIT's traditional housing arrangements, accommodations are provided. Housing accommodations

  8. Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoto, Stephen H.

    Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION Wesleyan University believes that residential life OF OCCUPANCY The minimum contract term for summer housing is two weeks beginning on May 27, 2011 and closing includes the dates university housing is available for students to move in and dates that students

  9. Residential Learning University Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusu, Adrian

    Residential Learning & University Housing Handbook 2008 - 2009 A Guide for Residential Living on the Campus of Rowan University #12;Welcome to Residential Learning & University Housing! The primary purpose of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit

  10. HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing, cooperative housing, social housing,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing, cooperative housing, social housing, and rentals based on income: Saskatoon Housing Authority (306) 668-2700 The SHA provides suitable housing for seniors, families, and the physically challenged. Rental rates

  11. Long term experiences of the use of duplex stainless steel to combat corrosion in the pulp and paper industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bendall, K.C. [Langley Alloys Ltd., Maidenhead (United Kingdom)

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex (austenitic/ferritic) stainless steels offer properties of interest and a cost effective material selection solution for plant and equipment in the pulp and paper industry. The characteristics of duplex steels leading to successful long term applications of 22 Cr duplex and a copper containing 25 Cr super duplex stainless steel are reviewed. It is concluded that, applied correctly, two-phase stainless steels can provide long term reliable maintenance-free service in many pulp and paper plant environments.

  12. A Study of Austenite Precipitate Growth in Duplex Stainless Steel A Research Performance Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    A Study of Austenite Precipitate Growth in Duplex Stainless Steel A Research Performance Evaluation-based metals handbooks. Due the multi-component nature of the duplex stainless steels which are the basis stainless steel. Current State of Knowledge The velocity of an interface during a phase transformation can

  13. Rare target enrichment for ultrasensitive PCR detection using cotrehybridization and duplex-specific nuclease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, George

    Rare target enrichment for ultrasensitive PCR detection using cotrehybridization and duplexrehybridization Cot analysis Target enrichment Duplex-specific nuclease PCR sensitivity PCR diagnostics a b s t r a c to ultrasensitive PCR detection, using enrichment of rare target nucleic acid from abundant background by combining

  14. Use of duplex stainless steel castings in control valves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gossett, J.L. [Fisher Controls International, Inc., Marshalltown, IA (United States)

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels have enjoyed rapidly increasing popularity in recent years. For numerous reasons the availability of these alloys in the cast form has lagged behind the availability of the wrought form. Commercial demand for control valves in these alloys has driven development of needed information to move into production. A systematic approach was used to develop specifications, suppliers and weld procedures. Corrosion, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), sulfide stress cracking (SSC) and hardness results are also presented for several alloys including; CD3MN (UNS J92205), CD4MCu (UNS J93370) and CD7MCuN (cast UNS S32550).

  15. Corrosion resistance evaluation of 22Cr duplex stainless steel weldments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kopliku, A. [AGIP S.p.A., Milan (Italy); Bell, D. [AGIP UK, London (United Kingdom); Barteri, M. [C.S.M., Rome (Italy); Fowler, C. [CAPCIS, Manchester (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the alternatives for the materials to be used for the construction of two flowlines 22Cr duplex stainless steel was taken into consideration. Corrosion resistance of the welds when exposed to the produced sour fluids was considered as the most critical point, so a program of corrosion testing on the 22Cr duplex stainless steel welds was developed. Three different welding procedures were used and tested in two different laboratories; specimens belonging to one of the welding procedures were also tested after a pre-strain to assess the effect of the deformation induced in the pipe by the wrapping in a reel. Tests were performed in an environment simulating the expected flowlines internal service conditions. Several testing procedures were used. Pitting test according to ASTM G48 Standard were carried out in order to rank welds and exposure tests in simulated field conditions were performed to assess stress corrosion and localized corrosion resistance. Test results showed that all the welds passed the tests and were applicable as corrosion resistant in the service environment. A ranking of the weld procedure based on their corrosion resistance has been determined.

  16. Moessbauer measurements of microstructural change in aged duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirihigashi, A.; Sakamoto, N.; Yamaoka, T. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Hyogo (Japan); Nasu, S. [Osaka Univ. (Japan)

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A duplex stainless steel (ASME SA351 CF8M) has usually been manufactured by a continuous casting technique. It consists of a paramagnetic austenite phase and a ferromagnetic ferrite phase. It has been known that the ferrite phase decomposition occurs in this steel after aging between 300 and 450 C. As a result of phase decomposition, a Fe-rich phase and a Cr-rich phase are produced in the ferrite phase. It is difficult to detect the phase decomposition even by not only optical microscopy but also transmission electron microscopy, since the decomposed structure is very fine. However, Moessbauer measurements that can detect the magnetic hyperfine field of magnetic substance may detect the microstructural change. An averaged magnetic hyperfine field increases in the ferrite phase, due to the production of the Fe-rich phase which has high magnetic hyperfine field. Therefore, the authors investigated the phase decomposition of the duplex stainless steel caused by aging, utilization Moessbauer spectroscopy which has capability of detecting this structural change in the atomic level quantitatively. The authors also investigated the potential of backscattering Moessbauer method for NDE technique.

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  18. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Used and End Uses in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" " ",,,"East North Central Census...

  3. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Space Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Computers and Other Electronics in Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Northeast Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Northeast Census Region" ,,,"New England Census...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in West Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"West Census Region" ,,,"Mountain Census Division",,,"Pacific...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    9 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in Midwest Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Midwest Census Region" ,,,"East North Central Census...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Water Heating in U.S. Homes in South Region, Divisions, and States, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"South Census Region" ,,,"South Atlantic Census Division",,,,,,"East...

  12. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Type of Housing Unit, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Type of Housing Unit" ,"Housing Units (millions)","Single-Family...

  13. Housing Policy, Mortgage Policy, and the Federal Housing Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Quigley, John M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    G . Burgess 2005. The effect of housing government-sponsoredQuigley. J. M. 1998. The taxation of owner-occupied housing.In The encyclopedia of housing, ed. W. van Vlicl. 579-81.

  14. Protocol for Maximizing Energy Savings and Indoor Environmental Quality Improvements when Retrofitting Apartments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noris, Federico; Delp, William W.; Vermeer, Kimberly; Adamkiewicz, Gary; Singer, Brett C.; Fisk, William J.

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The current focus on building energy retrofit provides an opportunity to simultaneously improve indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Toward this end, we developed a protocol for selecting packages of retrofits that both save energy and improve IEQ in apartments. The protocol specifies the methodology for selecting retrofits from a candidate list while addressing expected energy savings, IEQ impacts, and costs in an integrated manner. Interviews, inspections and measurements are specified to collect the needed input information. The protocol was applied to 17 apartments in three buildings in two different climates within California. Diagnostic measurements and surveys conducted before and after retrofit implementation indicate enhanced apartment performance.

  15. APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications, assigns to note that applying for admission to the University and applying for University housing are two separate processes. Acceptance for one does not guarantee acceptance for the other. Also, applying for housing does

  16. APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    APPLYING FOR HOUSING The University's Campus Housing Office processes housing applications, assigns for admission to the University and applying for University housing are two separate processes. Acceptance for one does not guarantee acceptance for the other. Also, applying for housing does not guarantee

  17. 2013 Summer Housing Information Contact information: Web site http://housing.niu.edu/housing/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    2013 Summer Housing Information Contact information: Web site http://housing.niu.edu/housing/ Phone school housing during summer semester 2013. During summer session, all D Tower floors will be coed devices. Eligibility In order to be eligible for summer school housing, new students to the University

  18. Multiple pump housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott, Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

    2010-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

  19. Department of Housing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    as gasoline, lighter fluid), etc. are prohibited in campus housing facilities. Pets Campus residents living ties. Only pets approved by the Resident Director will be allowed in Student Family Housing facilities. The Pet Ownership Request must be completed and approved by both the resident and the Resident Director

  20. Caribbean House Nicole Meadows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Caribbean House Nicole Meadows OVERVIEW The Caribbean House is a program that will educate UVM students and the community around them on the different cultures within the Caribbean. Throughout that embodies the Caribbean. This program welcomes all individuals of different backgrounds, cultures

  1. Native American Passive House Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Hosted by the Passive House Institute US, this five-day conference will target both multifamily and single family housing design, engineering, and development along with Passive House certification.

  2. Damage and rupture mechanisms in an austenoferritic duplex steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verhaeghe, B.; Louchet, F.; Brechet, Y. [LTPCM-CNRS, St. Martin d`Heres (France). Groupe Physique du Metal] [LTPCM-CNRS, St. Martin d`Heres (France). Groupe Physique du Metal; Massoud, J.P. [EDF, Moret sur Loing (France)] [EDF, Moret sur Loing (France)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of ageing on damage and rupture mechanisms in an austenoferritic duplex stainless steel is studied using conventional straining and impact toughness testing at 20 C and 320 C, and in situ SEM straining at 20 C. While the as-received alloy fails in a ductile mode, damage in the aged material starts with cleavage nucleation in ferrite. The authors show that, owing to the bipercolated topology of the alloy, these cleavage cracks can propagate while passing round austenite ligaments whose plastic stretching controls the crack extension. The variations with strain of both the crack size and the average crack separation are computed analytically and their comparison gives a good prediction of ductility.

  3. Plastic anisotropy in a superplastic duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Song, J.L.; Bate, P.S. [Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom)

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of the plastic anisotropy in uniaxial tension of the duplex stainless steel, SAF2304, have been made at room temperature and under conditions where the material was superplastic. There was significant plastic anisotropy in both types of deformation and there were some similarities between the low and high temperature variations with tensile axis orientation. Although it was possible to model the high temperature anisotropy using a grain boundary sliding model, the assumed distribution of sliding boundaries was considered to be unrealistic. This, together with aspects of microstructural and textural development, indicated that deformation was principally occurring by intragranular slip with a significant contribution caused by mechanical inhomogeneity in the two-phase material.

  4. Survey on Cooling Costs and Related Factors for Apartments in an Urban Area of Osaka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umemiya, N.; Lin, X.; Inoue, G.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A questionnaire survey was carried out to assess cooling behaviors and cooling costs for 290 apartments in an urban area. 1) Cooling costs are strongly related to the number of air conditioners, the months of occupation, and the air conditioner...

  5. Developing Alaskan Sustainable Housing Training

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Association of Alaska Housing Authorities (AAHA), this three-day training event covers strategies and technical issues related to sustainable housing development.

  6. Housing And Mounting Structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Johnny R.F. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, Gregory V. (Kansas City, MO); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Smith, Terrance T. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This invention relates to an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module, and more particularly, to an apparatus for connecting a first optical connector to a second optical connector. The apparatus comprises: (1) a housing having at least a first end and at least a second end, the first end of the housing capable of receiving the first optical connector, and the second end of the housing capable of receiving the second optical connector; (2) a longitudinal cavity extending from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing; and (3) an electromagnetic shield comprising at least a portion of the housing. This invention also relates to an apparatus for housing a flexible printed circuit board, and this apparatus comprises: (1) a mounting structure having at least a first surface and a second surface; (2) alignment ridges along the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure, the alignment ridges functioning to align and secure a flexible printed circuit board that is wrapped around and attached to the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure; and (3) a series of heat sink ridges adapted to the mounting structure, the heat sink ridges functioning to dissipate heat that is generated from the flexible printed circuit board.

  7. Ventilation and Infiltration in High-Rise Apartment Buildings Richard C. Diamond, Helmut E. Feustel and Darryl J. Dickerhoff

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    1 Ventilation and Infiltration in High-Rise Apartment Buildings Richard C. Diamond, Helmut E to characterize the ventilation rates for the individual apartments. Parametric simulations were performed flow simulations suggest that the ventilation to the individual units varies considerably

  8. Applications and experiences with super duplex stainless steel in wet FGD scrubber systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, R.; Byrne, G.; Warburton, G.; Hebdon, S. [Weir Materials Ltd., Manchester (United Kingdom)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper presents the properties of the author`s company`s proprietary super duplex stainless steel. Work is presented showing the development of a more realistic laboratory solution representing typical limestone slurries found in real flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems. The importance of additions of metal ions such as Fe{sup 3+} and Mn{sup 2+} as well as partially oxidized sulfur species is demonstrated. Results are presented comparing the crevice corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel in these slurries with other commonly used wrought and cast stainless steels, for both simulated anthracite and lignite type slurries. Data from loop tests on the erosion resistance of a range of alloys in simulated FGD slurries is presented. The results clearly show the superior resistance of super duplex stainless steel to both crevice corrosion and erosion in FGD slurries. Finally the experiences in UK FGD systems with both cast and wrought super duplex stainless steel are presented.

  9. Water-evaporation reduction by duplex films: Application to the human tear film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerretani, Colin F; Ho, Nghia H; Radke, C.J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    water permeability of duplex-oil films. Substance MOx/BSM MOx/BSM BM Avg. T SF [C] Dk [10 -4 cm 2 /s] Figurethe oil may spread (A, MOx) or remain as a lens (D, MO).

  10. REQUEST FOR SPECIAL HOUSING CONSIDERATIONS TRI CO-OP HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrara, Katherine W.

    REQUEST FOR SPECIAL HOUSING CONSIDERATIONS TRI CO-OP HOUSING STUDENT'S NAME: __________________________ SENDER'S FAX NUMBER: ___________________ To submit a Request for Special Housing Considerations: Complete the form below. Submit (FAX, mail or email) the completed forms to the UC Davis Student Housing

  11. Housing Rates for Summer 2014 Anderson & Wilder Summer Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahon, Bradford Z.

    Housing Rates for Summer 2014 Anderson & Wilder Summer Housing Revised 3/28/14 Please note: For Summer 2014 only, there will be one standard housing rate, regardless of assignment to a single or double for summer housing. For summer 2015, we will return to our standard pricing separate rates for singles

  12. HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENT Rearing houses for early weaned piglets. Realization,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    !'II. - HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENT Rearing houses for early weaned piglets. Realization, controlevage des Povcs, I. N. 7!. A., C. lV. R. Z., 78350 Jouy en Josas Rearing houses for piglets weaned at 12 days and placed by litter in batteries (3 tiers with 3 cages each) were constructed for housing

  13. X-mas trees: A new application for duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hochoertler, G.; Zeiler, G.; Haberfellner, K.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of fields in severe areas (subsea installations, deserts) necessitates the use of materials which can operate maintenance free in these conditions. Depending on production route and aggressivity of relevant media, the materials used until now, such as AISI 4130, are being superseded by higher alloyed materials such as F6NM, Duplex and Super Duplex Steels. Extensive investigation of metallurgical, mechanical, technological and stress aspects as well as research into the influence of melting, forging and heat treatment processes on high alloyed materials enables ``High Tech`` forgings to be manufactured. Based on investigations and experience gained by previously produced forgings (WYE-piece, Gate Valve components, Swivel forgings, line pipes made of Super Duplex Stainless Steels and Duplex Stainless Steels), the first X-mas trees made of solid Duplex Stainless Steel has been produced. Due to the excellent mechanical and corrosion properties of Duplex Stainless Steel, the expensive and time consuming cladding can be eliminated for most environments, which results in good economy and significantly reduced production time. To obtain information about the quality of such a large forging, samples were taken from one of these X-mas trees and the mechanical and corrosion properties were investigated.

  14. Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

    2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Appliances in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to 1949","1950...

  17. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  18. Housing markets : Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solrzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solrzano Macas)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

  19. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  20. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Space...

  1. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  2. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Space Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  3. Atrium House solar revitalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malamuceanu, Dan Roland

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The idea behind the Atrium House Solar Revitalization project, may be briefly presented as: energy conserving, low rise, high density, related- to- the-sky residences. The proposed system consists of a reticulate grid - ...

  4. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Televisions in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  5. " Million Housing Units, Preliminary"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, By Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Preliminary" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)"...

  6. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before...

  7. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South"...

  8. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Computers and Other Electronics in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty...

  9. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Census Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Census Region" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Northeast","Midwest","South","West" "Water...

  10. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Year of Construction, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  11. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Number of Household Members, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Number of Household Members" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,,,,,"5 or More...

  12. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Climate Region, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Climate Region2" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)" ,,"Very Cold","Mixed- Humid","Mixed-Dry"...

  13. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Water Heating in U.S. Homes, by Household Income, 2009" " Million Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than...

  14. Hood River Passive House

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hales, D.

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

  15. " Million Housing Units, Final"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  16. " Million Housing Units, Final...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" ,,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to 39,999","40,000 to 59,999","60,000 to...

  17. Houses for Dorchester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

  18. HOUSING REQUEST SUMMER ORIENTATION 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    HOUSING REQUEST SUMMER ORIENTATION 2014 Incoming students must pay their enrollment confirmation THE ORIENTATION HOUSING FEE TO HAVE ORIENTATION HOUSING. Complete this form and mail it with your payment Life and Housing TWO WEEKS prior to your assigned orientation session. Space is very limited

  19. Ron Thompson Director of Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinings Community Assistant Vinings Custodial Supervisor Tina Roach South Housing Custodial Supervisor

  20. Engineering Smart Houses Boguslaw Pilich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    also known as Smart Houses in home environments. A large body of research into Smart Houses has beenEngineering Smart Houses Boguslaw Pilich LYNGBY 2004 MSc THESIS NR. 49/2004 IMM #12;Trykt af IMM and security, which are crucial for presenting different features of Smart Houses. Additionally it is assumed

  1. Superplastic Forming of Duplex Stainless Steel for Aerospace Part

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Ho-Sung; Yoon, Jong-Hoon; Yoo, Joon-Tae; Yi, Young-Moo [Korea Aerospace Research Institute, 45 Eoeun-dong Yuseong, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the high temperature forming behavior of duplex stainless steel has been characterized and the outer shell of a combustion chamber was fabricated with pressure difference of hot gas. It consists of two parts which are the outer skin made of stainless steel to sustain the internal pressure and the inner shell made of copper alloy for regenerative cooling channels. Two outer skins partitioned to half with respect to the symmetric axis was prepared by hot gas forming process with a maximum pressure of 7 MPa following to FEM analysis. For inner layer, copper alloy was machined for cooling channels and then placed in the gas pressure welding fixture. It is shown that the optimum condition of gas pressure welding is 7 MPa at 890 deg. C, for one hour. EDX analysis and scanning electron microscope micrograph confirm the atomic diffusion process is observed at the interface and copper atoms diffuse into steel, while iron and chrome atoms diffuse into copper. The result shows that the manufacturing method with superplastic forming and gas pressure welding of steel and copper alloy has been successful for near net shape manufacturing of scaled combustion chamber of launch vehicle.

  2. Hydrogen embrittlement of duplex stainless steels -- Simulating service experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turnbull, A.; Griffiths, A.; Reid, T. [National Physical Lab., Teddington (United Kingdom)

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The challenges in characterizing susceptibility of corrosion resistant alloys (CRAS) to hydrogen embrittlement in service are highlighted using experimental data for duplex stainless steels (DSSS) in two major industrial applications: in oil production environments downhole, where galvanic coupling to carbon steel can cause hydrogen uptake, and in subsea pipelines where cathodic protection provides the source of hydrogen atoms. The influence of environment composition, charging current, pre-exposure, time, temperature, temperature excursions, and mechanical test method is examined. For constant temperature conditions, pre-exposure may have no major impact on embrittlement of DSSS because hydrogen ingress via regions of mechanically ruptured oxide film is dominant, unless there are internal microstructural regions or defects of high susceptibility. Pre-exposure maybe more significant when excursions from high to low temperature occur. The application of interrupted slow strain rate testing to determination of the threshold strain to cracking of a DSS indicates a need for testing at very low strain rates. The time-consuming nature of this testing may inhibit its extended utilization but without such data there is a measure of uncertainty in materials selection with respect to the degree of risk and the tolerance to service excursions.

  3. JAEA Fatigue Analysis of EBR-II Duplex Tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. H. Jackson; D. L. Porter; W. R. Lloyd

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work addresses questions brought up concerning the mechanisms associated with fatigue crack growth retardation and/or arrest within the nickel bond layer in duplex 2 Cr-1Mo steel superheater tubes. Previous work performed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) indicated that the nickel bond layer did not function as a crack arrestor during fatigue crack propagation with the exception of one, isolated case involving an exceptionally low fatigue load and a high temperature (400 0C) environment. Since it is atypical for a fatigue crack to propagate from a relatively soft material (the nickel bond layer) to a harder material (the 2 Cr-1Mo steel) there has been speculation that the nickel bond layer was hardened in service. Additionally, there are questions surrounding the nature of the fatigue crack propagation within the nickel bond layer; specifically with regard to the presence of voids seen on micrographs of the bond layer and oxidation within the steel along the edge of the nickel bond layer. There is uncertainty as to the effect of these voids and/or oxide barriers with respect to potential fatigue crack arrest.

  4. Property Manager Discretion in Permanent Supportive Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Berk-Clark, Carissa J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of residents in supportive housing. Community Mental Healthhealth system not to use housing as a tool of coercion.adverse departures from supported housing. Philadelphia, PA:

  5. Housing Policy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Raphael, S. 2004. Is housing unaffordable? Why isn't itthis article Quigley, John M. "housing policy in the Unitedthe implicit policy toward housing and homeownership varied

  6. Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted...

  7. Heat treatment temperature influence on ASTM A890 GR 6A super duplex stainless steel microstructure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Marcelo [SULZER BRASIL S/A - FUNDINOX DIVISION (Brazil); Centro Universitario Salesiano de Sao Paulo (Brazil); E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com; Casteletti, Luiz Carlos [Materials, Aeronautics and Automobiles Engineering Department at the Sao Carlos Engineering School of the Sao Paulo University (USP) (Brazil)

    2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex and super duplex stainless steels are ferrous alloys with up to 26% chromium, 8% nickel, 5% molybdenum and 0.3% nitrogen, which are largely used in applications in media containing ions from the halogen family, mainly the chloride ion (Cl{sup -}). The emergence of this material aimed at substituting Copper-Nickel alloys (Cupro-Nickel) that despite presenting good corrosion resistance, has mechanical properties quite inferior to steel properties. The metallurgy of duplex and super duplex stainless steel is complex due to high sensitiveness to sigma phase precipitation that becomes apparent, due to the temperatures they are exposed on cooling from solidification as well as from heat treatment processes. The objective of this study was to verify the influence of heat treating temperatures on the microstructure and hardness of ASTM A890/A890M Gr 6A super duplex stainless steel type. Microstructure control is of extreme importance for castings, as the chemical composition and cooling during solidification inevitably provide conditions for precipitation of sigma phase. Higher hardness in these materials is directly associated to high sigma phase concentration in the microstructure, precipitated in the ferrite/austenite interface. While heat treatment temperature during solution treatment increases, the sigma phase content in the microstructure decreases and consequently, the material hardness diminishes. When the sigma phase was completely dissolved by the heat treatment, the material hardness was influenced only due to ferrite and austenite contents in the microstructure.

  8. House, home, and community : good models for graduate student housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jienan, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the planning and design of on-campus housing for graduate students in urban context. This study reviews the prevailing models of on-campus housing nationally and discusses the new concepts of future ...

  9. Energy Policy 32 (2004) 10451052 California's electricity crisis: a market apart?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Energy Policy 32 (2004) 1045­1052 Viewpoint California's electricity crisis: a market apart? James Bushnell* University of California Energy Institute, 2547 Channing Way, Berkeley, CA 94720-5180, USA capacity, a flawed market design, and the venality of electricity producers. However, many

  10. Pull-apart emplacement of the Margeride granitic complex (French Massif Central). Implications for the late

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pull-apart emplacement of the Margeride granitic complex (French Massif Central). Implications Margeride granitic complex that crops out in the central part of the Variscan French Massif Central. This complex consists of three facies, namely, a main porphyritic monzogranite, a two-mica granite, and late

  11. Prying Apart Ruddlesden-Popper Phases: Exfoliation into Sheets and Nanotubes for Assembly of Perovskite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prying Apart Ruddlesden-Popper Phases: Exfoliation into Sheets and Nanotubes for Assembly ) Na, Ca, Sr, La; B ) Ta, Ti) that have acidic interlayer protons were exfoliated using tetra(n- butyl and titanoniobates have weakly acidic interlayer protons and exfoliate only to a limited extent. TBAxH2-xSrNb2O7

  12. ECOVILLAGE FACTS The complex includes 50 apartments (18 original and 32 new)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    radiant floor heating o Structurally insulated panels (SIPs) · In additional to individual garden plots of the Ecovillage apartments include: o solar tubes and compact fluorescent lighting o low-flow toilets, community gatherings o Kitchen o Playroom o Dryers for Ecovillage residents o Solar water heater o Solar

  13. Simulation of wind driven ventilative cooling systems for an apartment building in Beijing and Shanghai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    1 Simulation of wind driven ventilative cooling systems for an apartment building in Beijing., Glicksman, L.R. and Norford, L.K. 2002. "Simulation of wind driven ventilative cooling systems evaluation of two passive cooling strategies, daytime ventilation and night cooling, for a generic, six

  14. Diagnostics and Measurements of Infiltration and Ventilation Systems in High-Rise Apartment Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    Diagnostics and Measurements of Infiltration and Ventilation Systems in High-Rise Apartment without compromising air quality? We have been studying the air flows and ventilation systems in high systems that are neither efficient nor deliver satisfactory ventilation. Frequent problems include

  15. ENERGY IMPACTS OF ENERGY AND INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY RETROFITS OF APARTMENTS IN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. is implementing many energy retrofits in homes with the goal of reducing building energy consumption and carbon1 ENERGY IMPACTS OF ENERGY AND INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY RETROFITS OF APARTMENTS IN CALIFORNIA Environment Group, Berkeley, CA, USA Corresponding author: William J. Fisk 1 Cyclotron Road, 90R3058 Lawrence

  16. The emotional economy of housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christie, H.; Smith, S.J.; Munro, M.

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper offers an interpretation of the role of emotions in animating housing markets which complements more traditional economic and behavioural studies of locally based house-price inflation. Looking to debates within ...

  17. Hood River Passive House

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hales, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project. The design includes high R-Value assemblies, extremely tight construction, high performance doors and windows, solar thermal DHW, heat recovery ventilation, moveable external shutters and a high performance ductless mini-split heat pump. Cost analysis indicates that many of the measures implemented in this project did not meet the BA standard for cost neutrality. The ductless mini-split heat pump, lighting and advanced air leakage control were the most cost effective measures. The future challenge will be to value engineer the performance levels indicated here in modeling using production based practices at a significantly lower cost.

  18. Systems Science Harder House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Systems Science Harder House 1604 SW 10th Avenue 503-725-4960 www.sysc.pdx.edu/ M.S. Ph.D. Systems governing systems of widely differing types. Systems concepts and techniques are used extensively for both who are skilled in modern methods of decision making and systems design and who are capable

  19. Rapid method to detect duplex formation in sequencing by hybridization methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mirzabekov, Andrei Darievich (Moscow, RU); Timofeev, Edward Nikolaevich (Moscow, RU); Florentiev, Vladimer Leonidovich (Moscow, RU); Kirillov, Eugene Vladislavovich (Moscow, RU)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for determining the existence of duplexes of oligonucleotide complementary molecules is provided whereby a plurality of immobilized oligonucleotide molecules, each of a specific length and each having a specific base sequence, is contacted with complementary, single stranded oligonucleotide molecules to form a duplex so as to facilitate intercalation of a fluorescent dye between the base planes of the duplex. The invention also provides for a method for constructing oligonucleotide matrices comprising confining light sensitive fluid to a surface, exposing said light-sensitive fluid to a light pattern so as to cause the fluid exposed to the light to coalesce into discrete units and adhere to the surface; and contacting each of the units with a set of different oligonucleotide molecules so as to allow the molecules to disperse into the units.

  20. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, D.

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 3 comprises of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope{reg_sign}, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  1. Phase boundaries and deformation in high nitrogen duplex stainless steels; 1: Rolling texture development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akdut, N. (Inst. fuer Metallkunde und Metallphysik, Aachen (Germany). RWTH Aachen); Foct, J. (Univ. de Lille, Villeneuve d'Ascq (France). Lab. de Metallurgie Physique)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The texture development during cold rolling of two nitrogen alloyed duplex stainless steels with different nitrogen contents and different microstructures were investigated. The fcc phases of both duplex steels show an almost identical texture development in contrast to the ferritic phases. In single phase ferritic steels a typical fiber type texture develops to slip on [110], [112] and [123] planes. In contrast to this, the ferritic phase of duplex steel D1 deforms mainly by slip on [110] planes so that no typical fiber type texture can be observed. The texture development of the cast specimen D2 is characterized by its random character in the ferritic phase. This proves that besides the microstructure, nitrogen strongly influences the deformation mechanisms. Furthermore, it appears that for both phases the intensities of the cold rolling textures decrease. Induced by the phase boundaries, strong shear components appear as well as the activation of additional slip systems and the refinement of the microstructure.

  2. Oxide thickness measurement technique for duplex-layer Zircaloy-4 cladding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClelland, R.G.; O'Leary, P.M. (Siemens Nuclear Power Corp., Richland, WA (United States))

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Siemens Nuclear Power Corporation (SNP) is investigating the use of duplex-layer Zircaloy-4 tubing to improve the waterside corrosion resistance of cladding for high-burnup pressurized water reactor (PWR) fuel designs. Standard SNP PWR cladding is typically 0.762-mm (0.030-in.)-thick Zircaloy-4. The SNP duplex cladding is nominally 0.660-mm (0.026-in.)-thick Zircalloy-4 with an [approximately]0.102-mm (0.004-in.) outer layer of another, more corrosion-resistant, zirconium-based alloy. It is common industry practice to monitor the in-reactor corrosion behavior of Zircaloy cladding by using an eddy-current lift-off' technique to measure the oxide thickness on the outer surface of the fuel cladding. The test program evaluated three different cladding samples, all with the same outer diameter and wall thickness: Zircaloy-4 and duplex clad types D2 and D4.

  3. Localized hydrogen cracking in the austenitic phase of a duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oltra, R.; Bouillot, C. [Univ. de Bourgogne, Dijon (France). Lab. de Recherches sur la Reactivite des Solides] [Univ. de Bourgogne, Dijon (France). Lab. de Recherches sur la Reactivite des Solides; Magnin, T. [Ecole des Mines, Saint-Etienne (France)] [Ecole des Mines, Saint-Etienne (France)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this study is to investigate the role of hydrogen on the mechanical behavior of an austenitic phase, in the particular situation of duplex stainless steels. In these duplex alloys, in presence of hydrogen, the ferritic phase is embrittled by hydrogen and the resistance to cracking is mainly related to the behavior of the austenitic phase. Thus, a discussion of the role of hydrogen at the crack tip of a duplex alloy (as function of the microstructure) has been proposed by T. Perng and C.J. Altester after experiments conducted in gaseous environment. A similar experimental approach has been followed in this study; slow strain rate tests (SSRT) have been performed on duplex stainless steels in gaseous environments for low hydrogen charging conditions. The main question is then related to the conditions for hydrogen entry and embrittlement of the austenitic phase ({gamma}). Because hydrogen is spread everywhere in the ferritic matrix ({alpha}), it was asked if the behavior of the austenitic phase of the duplex was comparable to that of a purely austenitic sample during hydrogen charging. Critical experiments have been conducted to answer this question. SSRT (strain rate = 10{sup {minus}6}s{sup {minus}1}) were performed on duplex stainless steels in a pressure vessel under 30 bar of hydrogen or deuterium at room temperature. Complementary chemical analysis by Secondary Ionic Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) allowed to image the spatial distribution of deuterium as function of the microstructure. The role of hydrogen will be then mainly illustrated on the basis of microscopic examinations of the crack path transition from the ferritic to the austenitic grains, and discussed through the corrosion enhanced plasticity model proposed by T. Magnin for SCC in ductile materials.

  4. HOUSING SERVICES NOTICE OF INTENTION TO CANCEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    HOUSING SERVICES NOTICE OF INTENTION TO CANCEL SINGLE STUDENT HOUSING LICENSE AGREEMENT DATE RECEIVED:_______________________ TO: Housing Services FROM:_________________________________ ID NUMBER:___________________________ In accordance with the RESIDENCE CANCELLATION POLICY/LICENSE AGREEMENT, I hereby give Housing Services notice

  5. UBC STUDENT HOUSING DEMAND STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    UBC STUDENT HOUSING DEMAND STUDY Presented by Nancy Knight and Andrew Parr FEBRUARY 5, 2010 #12;PURPOSE To determine the need/demand for future on- campus student housing To address requests from A survey of students, and analysis of housing markets, and preparation of a forecast The timeline

  6. Community-Driven Homeless Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Community-Driven Homeless Housing Programs: Best Practices Report Prepared for City of Champaign Anne Householder Latonya Jones Maria Kaidas Rebecca Long Huong Phu #12;Homeless Housing Best Practices 2 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Emergency Family Housing Introduction 8 Case Studies 9 Discussion

  7. UNIVERSITY HOUSING ASSIGNMENT CHANGE REQUEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    UNIVERSITY HOUSING ASSIGNMENT CHANGE REQUEST TODAY'S DATE YOUR INFORMATION NAME OSU EMAIL Last until this request has been reviewed by the University Housing administrative office, and (2) until I(s) listed above? Yes No Please e-mail this completed form to housing@osu.edu. #12;

  8. PERSONAL REFUND REQUEST Conference Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    PERSONAL REFUND REQUEST Conference Housing Please print the following information: First Name: Last/Mastercard # Amount of refund requested: If you did not make your payment directly to Conference Housing, you must). This is mandatory to receive a refund. Your request will be reviewed by the Conference Housing Manager for approval

  9. Passive retrofits for Navy housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hibbert, R.; Miles, C.; Jones, R.; Peck, C.; Anderson, J.; Jacobson, V.; Dale, A.M.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A project to assess and initiate passive solar energy retrofits to US Navy family housing is described. The current data base for Navy housing (ECOP), and its enhancement for passive solar purposes options proposed for Navy housing are explained. The analysis goals and methods to evaluate the retrofits are discussed. An educational package to explain the retrofits is described.

  10. Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Strengthening Relationships Between Energy Programs and Housing Programs Better Buildings Residential...

  11. CO{sub 2} laser welding of duplex and super-duplex stainless steels (the effect of argon-nitrogen assist-gas mixtures)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, J.M.; Reed, R.C. [Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom); Camyab, A. [Imperial Coll. of Science, Technology and Medicine, London (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Continuous wave CO{sub 2} laser welds have been fabricated on duplex and super duplex stainless steel substrates at a power of 3.5 kW. The work has examined the influence of Ar-N{sub 2} assist-gas mixtures on weld metal composition and microstructure. Welding in pure argon leads to reduction in the Cr, Ni, Mo and N content of the weld metal and a significant decrease in austenite volume fraction relative to the baseplate. Relative to welding in Ar, the use of a N{sub 2} bearing assist-gas restores the Cr, Ni and Mo levels to those found in the baseplate at the welding speeds employed. Moreover, the N{sub 2} bearing assist-gases result in an increase in the weld metal N content and austenite volume fraction relative to welding in pure Ar.

  12. Housing characteristics 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report, Housing Characteristics 1993, presents statistics about the energy-related characteristics of US households. These data were collected in the 1993 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS) -- the ninth in a series of nationwide energy consumption surveys conducted since 1978 by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy. Over 7 thousand households were surveyed, representing 97 million households nationwide. A second report, to be released in late 1995, will present statistics on residential energy consumption and expenditures.

  13. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR1 FS-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING (CW, KAQ, KKG, QC HOUSES OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms and conditions

  14. Estimated size and performance of a natural gas fired duplex Stirling for domestic refrigeration applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berchowitz, D.M. (Sunpower, Inc., Athens, OH (United States)); Shonder, J. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calibrated calculations are used to size an integrated Stirling cooler and engine (Duplex configuration). Fuel for the engine is natural gas and the working fluid is helium. The potential exists for long life and low noise. Performance is shown to be very competitive when compared to standard vapor compression systems. 10 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  15. DOI: 10.1002/cbic.200600435 Duplex Formation of the Simplified Nucleic Acid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meggers, Eric

    ) with a stripped-down acyclic backbone can form stable duplexes.[8,9] The propylene glycol nucleotide building sequence and the painstaking separation of anomeric mixtures, this is not the case for GNA. Propylene (GNA) has an acyclic backbone of propylene glycol nucleosides that are connected by phosphodiester

  16. Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis of Seed-Blanket Unit Duplex Fuel Assemblies with VIPRE-01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDermott, Patrick 1987-

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    and blanket unit (SBU) configuration, where the seed region contains standard UO2 fuel, and the blanket region contains an inert matrix (Pu,Np,Am)O2-MgO-ZrO2 fuel. The research efforts of this thesis are first to consider the higher burnup effects on DUPLEX...

  17. Preferential precipitation site of sigma phase in duplex stainless steel weld metal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sato, Y.S.; Kokawa, Hiroyuki [Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). Dept. of Materials Processing] [Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan). Dept. of Materials Processing

    1999-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels are characterized by favorable combination of mechanical and corrosion properties, consisting roughly of equal parts of austenite ({gamma}) and ferrite ({alpha}). But exposure to elevated temperatures brings partial decomposition of ferrite to austenite and sigma phase, which deteriorates their properties. Sigma phase forms often at ferrite/austenite ({alpha}/{gamma}) interfaces through nucleation process. The heterogeneous nucleation of sigma phase at an {alpha}/{gamma} interface depends on the chemical driving force and the interfacial energy. Many studies have examined the effect of chemical driving force on sigma phase formation in duplex and austenitic stainless steel weld metals with different chemical compositions, but no detailed report has described the influence of {alpha}/{gamma} interfacial energy on sigma phase nucleation. The Kurdjumov-Sachs (K-S) orientation relationship is accepted to bring a coherent and low energy {alpha}/{gamma} interface in duplex stainless steels. The coherency of {alpha}/{gamma} interface can affect the sigma phase formation. The present study has examined the effect of crystallographic orientation relationship at {alpha}/{gamma} interface on sigma phase formation in a duplex stainless steel weld metal where the chemical element distribution is relatively uniform because of rapid cooling during weld thermal cycle.

  18. Effect of interfacial oxidation occurring during the duplex process combining surface nanocrystallisation and co-rolling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , nanocristallised 316L stainless steel multilayer structures were produced by the duplex process as described in [5 presents an investigation of the interface quality of nanocristallised 316L stainless steel multilayer, copper or stainless steel [1-4]. Unfortunately the affected depth remains limited ( 250 µm for 316L

  19. Sigma phase morphologies in cast and aged super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Marcelo, E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com [SULZER BRASIL S/A (Brazil); Sao Paulo Salesian University Center (UNISAL), Americana Division, Av. Eng. Joao Fernandes G. Molina, 905 - Distrito Industrial - 13.213-080 Jundiai-SP (Brazil); Casteletti, Luiz Carlos, E-mail: castelet@sc.usp.br [Department of Materials, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Sao Carlos School of Engineering, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Av. Trabalhador Sao Carlense, 400 - 13.566-590 Sao Carlos - SP (Brazil)

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Solution annealed and water quenched duplex and super duplex stainless steels are thermodynamically metastable systems at room temperature. These systems do not migrate spontaneously to a thermodynamically stable condition because an energy barrier separates the metastable and stable states. However, any heat input they receive, for example through isothermal treatment or through prolonged exposure to a voltaic arc in the welding process, cause them to reach a condition of stable equilibrium which, for super duplex stainless steels, means precipitation of intermetallic and carbide phases. These phases include the sigma phase, which is easily identified from its morphology, and its influence on the material's impact strength. The purpose of this work was to ascertain how 2-hour isothermal heat treatments at 920 deg. C and 980 deg. C affect the microstructure of ASTM A890/A890M GR 6A super duplex stainless steel. The sigma phase morphologies were found to be influenced by these two aging temperatures, with the material showing a predominantly lacy microstructure when heat treated at 920 deg. C and block-shaped when heat treated at 980 deg. C.

  20. The {sigma} phase formation in annealed UNS S31803 duplex stainless steel: Texture aspects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Souza, C.M. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materiais (Brazil)], E-mail: eng_marley@yahoo.com.br; Abreu, H.F.G. [Universidade Federal do Ceara, Departamento de Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materiais, Campus do Pici Bl. 702, Fortaleza, CE, CEP 60.455-760 (Brazil); Tavares, S.S.M. [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Engenharia Mecanica (Brazil); Rebello, J.M.A. [Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Departamento de Engenharia Metalurgica e de Materiais (Brazil)

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of sigma phase precipitation on the texture of austenite in a duplex stainless steel UNS S31803 was investigated. Sigma phase quantification was precisely performed by electron backscattered scanning diffraction (EBSD) for some conditions. It was found that the increase of the sigma phase precipitation enhances the amount of Brass texture in the austenite phase.

  1. Phase transformations in ferrite phase of a duplex stainless steel aged at 500[degree]C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shiao, J.J.; Tsai, C.H.; Huang, J.H.; Kai, J.J. (National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan, Province of China). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to their high strength, high corrosion resistance, and good properties of castings, duplex stainless steels are widely used in the recirculation system of nuclear power plants. Although the presence of ferrite phase increases the strength and the resistance to SCC, the ferrite phase also brings about thermal aging embrittlement known as 475 C embrittlement''. The room temperature impact strength can decrease by 80% after aging for 8 years at a temperature as low as 300 C. Much research has been performed on the low temperature embrittlement of duplex stainless steels. It is generally acknowledged that the spinodal decomposition in ferrite phase and precipitation of some other carbides or nickel silicide are responsible for the degradation in mechanical properties of duplex stainless steels at low temperatures. The extent of the degradation was found to be strongly dependent on the composition in ferrite, which is closely related to the change of microstructure. Thus, the exact evolution of phase transformation in ferrite has also drawn a large audience. In this study, using electron microscopy, the authors investigated the phase evolution of ferrite phase in duplex stainless steel, aged at 500 C. up to 10,000 hours.

  2. Nanopore Based Sequence Specific Detection of Duplex DNA for Genomic Profiling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanopore Based Sequence Specific Detection of Duplex DNA for Genomic Profiling Alon Singer,, Meni demonstrate a purely electrical method for the single-molecule detection of specific DNA sequences, achieved to achieve high affinity and sequence specificity. Sequence detection is performed by reading the ion current

  3. Effect of Mo substitution by W on impact property of heat affected zone in duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huh, M.J.; Kim, S.B.; Paik, K.W.; Kim, Y.G. [Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering] [Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Technology, Taejon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The duplex stainless steels are characterized by two phase structures composed of a mixture of austenite and ferrite phases. They offer high toughness, good weldability, satisfactory corrosion protection, excellent stress corrosion cracking resistance and high strength. Because of these characteristics, these steels have been widely used in various applications such as oil, gas, and chemical industries. Duplex stainless steels generally have suffered embrittlement when exposed at elevated temperature, i.e. above 300 C. To avoid this embrittlement, conventional duplex stainless steels are subject to solution treatment followed by water quenching in the final stage of production or fabrication, which limits the size of products. Kim et al. have recently reported that embrittlement can be greatly reduced by the partial or full replacement of Mo by W in 22Cr-base duplex stainless steels. For the processing of duplex stainless steel, fusion welding is a major fabrication method for corrosion resistant applications. Therefore the welding behavior of these materials has to be fully defined. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Mo substitution by W on the impact property of simulated heat affected zones in 22Cr duplex stainless steels. Structural transformation associated with Mo substitution by W in HAZ has been also investigated on W-containing alloys and conventional 3% Mo duplex stainless steel.

  4. Final Report, Volume 1, Metallurgical Evaluation of Cast Duplex Stainless Steels and their Weldments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, Songqing; Lundin, Carl, W.; Batten, Greg, W.

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels (DSS) are being specified for chloride containing environments due to their enhanced pitting and stress corrosion cracking resistance. They exhibit improved corrosion performance over the austenitic stainless steels. Duplex stainless steels also offer improved strength properties and are available in various wrought and cast forms. Selected grades of duplex stainless steel castings and their welds, in comparison with their wrought counterparts, were evaluated, regarding corrosion performance and mechanical properties and weldability. Multiple heats of cast duplex stainless steel were evaluated in the as-cast, solution annealed (SA) static cast and SA centrifugal cast conditions, while their wrought counterparts were characterized in the SA condition and in the form of as-rolled plate. Welding, including extensive assessment of autogenous welds and a preliminary study of composite welds (shielded metal arc weld (SMAW)), was performed. The evaluations included critical pitting temperature (CPT) testing, intergranular corrosion (IGC) testing, ASTM A923 (Methods A, B and C), Charpy impact testing, weldability testing (ASTM A494), ferrite measurement and microstructural evaluations. In the study, the corrosion performances of DSS castings were characterized and assessed, including the wrought counterparts for comparison. The evaluation filled the pore of lack of data for cast duplex stainless steels compared to wrought materials. A database of the pitting corrosion and IGC behavior of cast and wrought materials was generated for a greater depth of understanding for the behavior of cast duplex stainless steel. In addition, improved evaluation methods for DSS castings were developed according to ASTM A923, A262, G48 and A494. The study revealed that when properly heat treated according to the specification, (1) DSS castings have equal or better pitting and intergranular corrosion resistance than their wrought counterparts; (2) Welding reduces the pitting and intergranular corrosion resistance for both the wrought and cast duplex alloys; (3) Castings generally have better toughness than their wrought counterparts in the temperature range of ???????¢????????????????80???????????????°C to +20???????????????°C; (4) All shield metal arc (SMA) test welds in DSS castings, with recommended or over matching filler metal, indicate that welding is not a significant factor when considering DSS applications.

  5. Final Report, Volume 1, Metallurgical Evaluation of Cast Duplex Stainless Steels and their Weldments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, Songqing; Lundin, Carl, W.; Batten, Greg, W.

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels (DSS) are being specified for chloride containing environments due to their enhanced pitting and stress corrosion cracking resistance. They exhibit improved corrosion performance over the austenitic stainless steels. Duplex stainless steels also offer improved strength properties and are available in various wrought and cast forms. Selected grades of duplex stainless steel castings and their welds, in comparison with their wrought counterparts, were evaluated, regarding corrosion performance and mechanical properties and weldability. Multiple heats of cast duplex stainless steel were evaluated in the as-cast, solution annealed (SA) static cast and SA centrifugal cast conditions, while their wrought counterparts were characterized in the SA condition and in the form of as-rolled plate. Welding, including extensive assessment of autogenous welds and a preliminary study of composite welds (shielded metal arc weld (SMAW)), was performed. The evaluations included critical pitting temperature (CPT) testing, intergranular corrosion (IGC) testing, ASTM A923 (Methods A, B and C), Charpy impact testing, weldability testing (ASTM A494), ferrite measurement and microstructural evaluations. In the study, the corrosion performances of DSS castings were characterized and assessed, including the wrought counterparts for comparison. The evaluation filled the pore of lack of data for cast duplex stainless steels compared to wrought materials. A database of the pitting corrosion and IGC behavior of cast and wrought materials was generated for a greater depth of understanding for the behavior of cast duplex stainless steel. In addition, improved evaluation methods for DSS castings were developed according to ASTM A923, A262, G48 and A494. The study revealed that when properly heat treated according to the specification, (1) DSS castings have equal or better pitting and intergranular corrosion resistance than their wrought counterparts; (2) Welding reduces the pitting and intergranular corrosion resistance for both the wrought and cast duplex alloys; (3) Castings generally have better toughness than their wrought counterparts in the temperature range of -80 C to +20 C; (4) All shield metal arc (SMA) test welds in DSS castings, with recommended or over matching filler metal, indicate that welding is not a significant factor when considering DSS applications.

  6. From Public Housing to Regulated Public Environments: The Redevelopment of San Franciscos Public Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rongerude, Jane

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gentrification, Public Housing and the Limits of Newof Families in Public Housing. Dissertation. University ofJeff. 2003. The End of Public Housing as We Know It. The

  7. Corrosion behavior of a high-chromium duplex stainless steel with minor additions of ruthenium in sulfuric acid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potgieter, J.H. [Pretoria Portland Cement, Johannesburg (South Africa). Technical Services Dept.; Brookes, H.C. [Univ. of Natal, Durban (South Africa). Dept. of Chemistry

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of small ruthenium additions on the corrosion behavior of high-chromium duplex stainless steels (DSS) was studied. Ruthenium additions ({le} 0.28%) increased the corrosion resistance of the base alloy by simultaneously improving hydrogen evolution efficiency and inhibiting anodic dissolution. The corrosion behavior of the high-chromium DSS with small ruthenium additions differed somewhat from behavior of similar duplex alloys of the 22%-Cr type. The lowering of hydrogen overpotential, which promotes an elevated corrosion potential leading to passivity, was much more significant in the 29%-Cr duplex alloys than in the 22%-Cr types.

  8. Education Office Housing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItem NotEnergy,ARMFormsGasRelease Date:research community --Education Office Housing

  9. House Testimony | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh School football Highdefault SignInstitute / Texas A&MAboutHouse

  10. HOUSING RESOURCES Description of Boston Neighborhoods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOUSING RESOURCES Boston Description of Boston Neighborhoods http://www.bu.edu/offcampus/tips-resources/bostons-neighborhoods/ Summer Housing Boston http://www.urbaninterns.com/journal/jobseekers/summer-housing-for-boston-interns/ https://www.northeastern.edu/conferences/intern/index.html http://housing.mit.edu/summer_guest/non_mit_summer_internship_housing

  11. Building America Case Study: Conway Street Apartments, Greenfield, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While single-family, detached homes account for 63% of households (EIA 2009); multi-family homes account for a very large portion of that remaining housing stock, and this fraction is growing. Through recent research efforts, CARB has been evaluating strategies and technologies that can make dramatic improvements in energy performance in multi-family buildings

  12. Terrace housing : providing quality in higher-density housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atthakor, Songpol

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The higher demand of higher-density housing in Bangkok due to the rapid growth of the economy and the use of high-performance materials and modern construction methods has changed the forms of housing from low-rise buildings ...

  13. Housing Workshop I Some Questions on Housing Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reading, University of

    but most importantly the environmental conditions are poor and energy guzzling, with controls than no one new housing schemes in terms of: · Community ­ to what extent does the development create a sense of community? · Connectivity ­ how well connected is any new housing development to the existing communities

  14. Airflow Characteristics of Direct-Type Kitchen Hood Systems in High-Rise Apartment Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, M.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    if the adoption of direct- type systems alone in place of the shared-type would yield the level of capture efficiency close to the hood design specification. 3 4 5 6 Figure 1: Layout of apartment used to analyze airflow 7 (a)?24?hour?temperature?distribution?for?Jan....?1st (from?CONTAM?input) (b)?24?hour?wind?speed?distribution?for?Jan.?1st (CONTAM?input) Figure 2: Example of CONTAM input for the 1st of January 8 (c)?24?hour?wind?direction?distribution?for?Jan.?1st (CONTAM?input) Figure 2: Example of CONTAM...

  15. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SB 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING (, , , HOUSES) The following: Sections 63A - 63F; 63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66F; 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  16. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR9 GR-02-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People AND SPRING This agreement covers the following housing facilities: GROUP (ATHLETICS) HOUSING (TOWERS, NIKEH. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS

  17. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR8 FS-02-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People AND SPRING This agreement covers the following housing facilities: FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING (, , , HOUSES: Important Dates: Sections 63A; 63C-63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A; 66C-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  18. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    TWS GR-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: GROUP (ATHLETICS) HOUSING (TOWERS, NIKE, HERCULES DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms

  19. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR4 TW-03-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People, SPRING, SUMMER C This agreement covers the following housing facilities: TOWERS HOUSING (TOWERS DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms

  20. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SM MC-01-SB 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ACADEMIC HOUSING (APOLLO, HERCULES, LAKE CLAIRE, LIBRA; 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS

  1. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People A This agreement covers the following housing facilities: FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING (, , , HOUSES) The following: Sections 63A - 63E; 63G-63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66E; 66G-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  2. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR10 MC-01-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ACADEMIC HOUSING (APOLLO, HERCULES, LAKE CLAIRE, LIBRA DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms

  3. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SA MC-01-SA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People A This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ACADEMIC HOUSING (APOLLO, HERCULES, LAKE CLAIRE, LIBRA - 66E; 66G-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL

  4. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SC 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: FRATERNITY/SORORITY HOUSING (, , , HOUSES) The following: Sections 63A - 63G; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66G. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE

  5. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR6 MC-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ACADEMIC HOUSING (APOLLO, HERCULES, LAKE CLAIRE, LIBRA - 66C; 66E-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL

  6. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR7 TW-02-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People AND SUMMER C This agreement covers the following housing facilities: TOWERS HOUSING (TOWERS COMMUNITIES OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms and conditions

  7. Caribbean House Hilory Thomas, `14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    Caribbean House Hilory Thomas, `14 College of Arts and Sciences Biochemistry #12;Overview of the Program The aim of the Caribbean House is to better inform and enhance individual's knowledge about the Caribbean islands and their characteristics. The program also aims to bring together diverse individuals

  8. Making Housing Home [Speaking of Places

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bendiner-Viani, Gabrielle; Saegert, Susan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Orlebeke, The Evolution of Low-Income Housing Policy, 1949to 1999, in Housing Policy Debate, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 489-Hartman, eds. , A Right to Housing: Foundation for a New

  9. A Study on Zoning Regulations' Impact on Thermal Comfort Conditions in Non-conditioned Apartment Buildings in Dhaka City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Saiful

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    zoning schemes seemed essential for this study. To analyze the four zoning regulation schemes' impact on thermal comfort in apartment buildings, four sets of built environment were created in EnergyPlus (Energy Simulation software) as well as in Fluent...

  10. Duplex stainless steel corrosion behavior during acidification: Laboratory versus field test results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheldi, T.; Obracaj, I. [AGIP S.p.A. CORM, San Donato Milanese (Italy). Corrosion and Materials Technologies Dept.; Cigada, A.; Cabrini, M. [Politecnico di Milano (Italy). Dipt. di Chimica Fisica Applicata; Vicentini, B.; Rondelli, G. [C.N.R.-I.T.M., Milano (Italy)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory tests and field acidizing operations have been conducted on a 25% Cr-140 ksi duplex stainless steel utilizing a 90% HCl 15% + 10% CHs{sub 3}COOH acid mixture inhibited with a commercial package. Laboratory tests proved that the duplex stainless steel can be effectively protected in the adopted experimental conditions at 150 C. Examination of parts of tubings extracted from a real completion showed appreciable corrosion attack only in the sections of the string placed at higher depth (operating temperatures {approximately}130 C): in these cases the estimated rates of corrosion attack can be about one order of magnitude higher than that foreseeable on the basis of laboratory tests. However even in these cases the severity of attack is maintained within acceptable limits.

  11. Internal friction study of decomposition kinetics of SAF 2507 type duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smuk, O.; Smuk, S.; Hanninen, H. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland). Lab. of Engineering Materials] [Helsinki Univ. of Technology (Finland). Lab. of Engineering Materials; Jagodzinski, Yu.; Tarasenko, O. [National Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine). Inst. for Metal Physics] [National Academy of Sciences, Kiev (Ukraine). Inst. for Metal Physics

    1999-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last decade, super duplex stainless steels (DSSs) with increased nitrogen content have been an object of intensive studies. Present work is devoted to the study of the peculiarities of {delta}-ferrite decomposition in SAF 2507 type duplex steel, and redistribution of nitrogen between ferrite and austenite phases in a wide temperature range by means of internal fraction (IF). Unlike local methods of electron microscopy or engineering methods of hardness or impact toughness testing, which give basically information on the formation of brittle intermetallic phases, the internal friction technique allows to study the state of solid solution and kinetics of changes in the relative amounts of ferrite and austenite phases during thermal treatment.

  12. Simulation of the precipitation of sigma phase in duplex stainless steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cortie, M.B.; Jackson, E.M.L.E.M. [Mintek, Randburg (South Africa). Physical Metallurgy Div.

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The precipitation of sigma phase within the ferrite component of a duplex stainless steel has been simulated using a two-dimensional computer model which takes into account the partitioning of alloy elements between ferrite and austenite. The model is based on a cellular automation and, despite having a rather simple set of transition rules, is able to simulate changes in the volume fractions of the austenite, ferrite, and sigma phases. The microstructures produced are similar in appearance to those in the real system. Comparison of the model and the real system may assist in the assessment of the various phenomena occurring. Use is made of the model to examine many of the factors that might conceivably be harnessed to retard precipitation of the sigma phase in duplex stainless steels.

  13. Influence of aging on intergranular corrosion of a 25% chromium-5% nickel duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ravindranath, K.; Malhotra, S.N. (Indian Inst. of Tech., Bombay (India). Dept. of Metallurgical Engineering)

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although duplex stainless steels (SS) exhibit good performance in many severe corrosive environments, their corrosion resistance can be hampered by precipitation of chromium (Cr)- and molybdenum (Mo)-rich phases during heat treatments. The influence of aging treatments on intergranular corrosion (IGC) of a commercial 25% Cr-5% nickel (Ni) duplex SS (UNS S32550) was studied. The SS was given aging treatments in the range 773 K to 1,173 K for durations from 6 min to 100 h. Microstructure study of the aged samples indicated the presence of various phases, among them [sigma], Cr-rich carbide, secondary austenite, [alpha][prime], and copper (Cu)-rich precipitate. The influence of these precipitated phases on IGC susceptibility of the SS was evaluated by the ferric sulfate (Fe[SO[sub 4

  14. Corrosion failure of duplex stainless steel equipment in a PVC plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davies, M.; Potgieter, G.

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    After <9 months of operation in a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) manufacturing plant, alloy 2205 duplex stainless steel (UNS 31803) columns and spiral heat exchangers (HXs) were corroding and cracking. The columns were repaired and remained in service but the HXs needed to be replaced. Candidate materials for the HXs were assessed, and it was found that the super-austenitic alloys containing 6% molybdenum would be more appropriate for this application.

  15. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0 Home Appliances Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  16. House Simulation Protocols (Building America Benchmark) - Building...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Simulation Protocols. See an example of this Top Innovation in action. Find more case studies of Building America projects across the country that utilize House Simulation...

  17. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Number of Household Members, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Number of Households With --" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"1 Member","2...

  18. " Million U.S. Housing Units"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Space Heating Usage Indicators by Year of Construction, 2005" " Million U.S. Housing Units" ,,"Year of Construction" ,"Housing Units (millions)" ,,"Before 1940","1940 to...

  19. Housing and Urban Development Multifamily Properties Eligible...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE's income eligibility requirement, which is currently set at 200% of the federal poverty level. Note that a public housing, assisted housing, and LIHTC building that does not...

  20. Final Report, Volume 3, Guidance Document for the Evaluation of Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hariharan, Vasudevan; Lundin, Carl, W.

    2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Volume 3 is comprised of the Development of Qualification Standards for Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steel (A890-5A) which is equivalent to wrought 2507. The objective of this work was to determine the suitability of ASTM A923 ???¢????????Standard Test methods for Detecting Detrimental Intermetallic Phase in Duplex Austenitic-Ferritic Stainless Steels???¢??????? for 25 Cr Cast Super Duplex Stainless Steels (ASTM A890-5A). The various tests which were carried out were ASTM A923 Test Method A, B and C (Sodium Hydroxide Etch Test, Charpy Impact Test and Ferric Chloride Corrosion Test), ferrite measurement using Feritscope???????®, ASTM E562 Manual Point Count Method and X-Ray Diffraction, hardness measurement using Rockwell B and C and microstructural analysis using SEM and EDS.

  1. Investigation of the passivity, hydrogen embrittlement and threshold stress of duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gojic, M.; Metikos-Hukovic, M.; Babic, R. [Univ. of Zagreb (Croatia)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The electrochemical behavior of duplex stainless steel has been studied in various environments. Its passivity state was investigated in borate-buffer using cyclic voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy techniques. The susceptibility towards sulfide stress cracking and hydrogen embrittlement were tested at a constant load under cathodic polarization in the NACE solution saturated with H{sub 2}S and 0.5 M sulfuric acid solution containing As{sub 2}O{sub 3} as a promoter. SEM analysis accompanied these investigations. It is proposed that the highly protective quality of the passive film formed on the investigated duplex stainless steel may be associated with the presence of multiple oxidation rates (Cr{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 6+}) formed in the solid state along with (CrO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}} and MoO{sub 4}{sup 2{minus}}) anions and the great variety of possible bridging ligand states (OH{sup {minus}}, H{sub 2}O, O{sup 2{minus}}). This leads to a significant degree of bonding flexibility and supports amorphous, i.e., glassy structure of the passive film. Therefore, the stresses that would be associated with epitaxy, are easily alleviated without the creation of long-range defect structures. The investigated duplex stainless steel shows high resistance to hydrogen embrittlement and sulfide stress cracking. The embrittlement index was determined to be 26%, while the threshold stress amounts to 84% of the yield strength.

  2. Prevention of crevice corrosion in duplex SS flanges using carbon steel bolts with cathodic protection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomason, W.H.; Ivie, R.G.; Marlow, J.A.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Achieving reliable long-term performance of high strength bolts for flange connections in subsea service is a critical issue for the offshore industry. Viable bolting materials with high strength that are not susceptible to embrittlement or galvanic corrosion when the flanges are made of stainless steels are limited. A laboratory study was performed to determine the viability of using B7 carbon steel stud bolts and 316 stainless steel (SS) seal rings in a Duplex SS flange for subsea service The laboratory test system used full size commercial flanges, bolts and seal rings to simulate electrochemical conditions that will occur in crevices associated with carbon steel bolts in a Duplex SS flange and with the use of a 316 stainless steel seal ring in a Duplex SS flange. The flange systems were instrumented to enable monitoring of current densities and potentials at precise locations within the crevices throughout the tests as test parameters were changed. Test parameters included cathodic protection level, temperature, and sealing the outer flange gap. Cathodic protection was provided by remote aluminum sacrificial anodes to achieve potentials typical for a sub sea manifold. Both electrochemical data and examination of the components at the end of the 164 day exposure indicated that sufficient cathodic protection occurred in the crevices to provide long term corrosion control to all of the components involved. The capability to use B7 bolts rather than high alloy bolts enables a significant project savings.

  3. Development of the use, and approval testing of duplex stainless steel in the chemical industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, R.F. [ICI, Cleveland (United Kingdom); Pennington, A. [ICI Teesside Operations, Cleveland (United Kingdom)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of duplex stainless steels within ICI began in the early 1970`s. At that time Langley 40V the precursor of Ferralium was being introduced into phosphoric acid production as a pump material, which gave a superior corrosion/erosion resistance compared to 316L in such hostile environments. At the same time the UNS S31500 duplex alloy was being introduced as a tube material not so much for its corrosion resistance, but to give enhanced performance over carbon steel with better resistance to chloride SCC compared with austenitic 300 series type stainless steels. Since then duplex alloys have gained increasing use as the product forms have increased and the alloys have developed. In addition to their resistance to chlorides their good corrosion resistance in difficult chemical environments has been exploited. This has necessitated ensuring that welded structures have a corrosion resistance matching the parent plate. This paper gives examples of some of the applications and the development of a test procedure based on ASTM G-48 to approve the integrity of the welds in a corrosive environment.

  4. STUDY OF AGING EFFECTS IN 2205 DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL USING THERMOELECTRIC POWER MEASUREMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lara, N.; Ruiz, A.; Carreon, H.; Medina, A. [NDE Group, Instituto de Investigaciones Metalurgicas, UMSNH (Mexico); Sanchez, A. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, UMSNH (Mexico)

    2010-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Thermoelectric power (TEP) measurements have been used as an effective method for evaluating the metallurgical state of various alloys. In the steel industry, some fabrication processes promote phase transformation and second phase precipitations which affect the material properties. Assessment of mechanical properties is critical in order to ensure quality of components. This work was conducted in order to evaluate the influence of the aging state of 2205 duplex stainless steel on TEP values. Commercial 2205 duplex steel was isothermally aged at 650 deg. C 700 deg. C and 900 deg. C at different aging times. TEP measurement technique was applied as a non destructive assessment technique to characterize the aging kinetics of the aged 2205 duplex stainless steel, hardness Rockwell (RC) and Charpy impact test were preformed to observe the effect of aging time on the specimens. Metallographic analysis was used to monitor phase transformation and sigma phase precipitation caused by the spinodal decomposition process of ferrite into secondary austenite and sigma phase. Results indicate that that the TEP is sensitive to gradual microstructural changes produced by the aging treatments.

  5. Qualification of large diameter duplex stainless steel girth welds intended for low temperature service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prosser, K.; Robinson, A.G.; Rogers, P.F.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    British Gas recently had a requirement to fabricate some UNS31803 duplex stainless steel pipework for an offshore topsides process plant. The pipework had a maximum diameter of 600mm, with a corresponding wall thickness of 18mm, and it was designed to operate at a minimum temperature of {minus}40 C. There is a lack of published toughness data for girth welds in duplex stainless steel at this thickness and minimum design temperature. Additionally, toughness requirements for girth welds in current pipework and pressure vessel codes are based on experience with carbon steels. As a result, a program of work has been carried out to study the Charpy, CTOD and wide plate toughness of girth welds in 22%Cr duplex stainless steel pipework. The welds were produced using a typical gas tungsten arc/gas metal arc pipework fabrication procedure. In addition, non-destructive evaluation trials have been carried out on a deliberately defective weld using radiography and ultrasonics. It was demonstrated that double wall single image {gamma}-radiography, single wall single image and panoramic X-radiography, and conventional shear wave ultrasonics were all able to detect planar root defects varying from 3 to 7mm in depth. There was good agreement between the sizes recorded by ultrasonics and those measured from macrosections. Small scale mechanical tests demonstrated that welds with overmatching tensile properties, and low temperature toughness properties which were acceptable to specification, could be produced. Wide plate tests demonstrated that defect size calculations from BS PD7493 were conservative.

  6. Application of electron backscattered diffraction to cleavage fracture in duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, S.; Marrow, T.J.

    1999-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steel (DSS) are generally superior to conventional austenite or ferrite grades. DSSs can have yield strengths twice the austenite grades, while retaining good ductility and toughness properties. Commercial wrought duplex stainless steels, either plates or rod, are processed by hot rolling followed by a solution annealing treatment to optimize the austenite-ferrite ratio and dissolve any pre-existing secondary phases. Processing may lead to a significant anisotropy in mechanical properties. For example, the tensile properties in cold-rolled sheet of duplex stainless steel (22Cr5Ni) reveals anisotropy of strength, i.e., the transverse direction tensile strength is 7.3% higher than tensile strength in the rolling direction (RD). It was also shown in a study of the effect of crack orientation on the impact properties of the same steel, that when the crack was oriented parallel to the direction of elongation of the austenite phase, the crack could grow along the more brittle ferrite phase for a longer distance before encountering the more ductile austenite. This decreased impact toughness. These are examples of microstructure texture. Crystallographic texture may also have an effect on properties that are related to specific crystallographic planes; such as brittle cleavage and stress corrosion cracking. This paper describes the application of electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) to study cleavage fracture and crystal texture in age-hardened DSS.

  7. Spatial fractal characteristic of spinodal decomposition in Fe-Cr-Ni duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shek, C.H.; Wong, K.W.; Lai, J.K.L. [City Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Physics and Materials Science] [City Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong). Dept. of Physics and Materials Science; Shao, Y.Z. [Zhongshan Univ., Guangzhou (China). Dept. of Physics] [Zhongshan Univ., Guangzhou (China). Dept. of Physics

    1997-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Owing to the extensive use of duplex stainless steels in areas like chemical and petrochemical industries, considerable interest has arisen concerning the thermal degradation of these materials during service, and the consequent changes on the mechanical properties. The embrittlement of these steels is basically due to the decomposition of the ferrite phase at elevated temperatures, and duplex steels are seldom used at temperatures above 300 C. Although the microstructure of spinodal decomposition has been studied extensively using atom probe, it is interesting to investigate the development of fractal characteristics in the microstructure during spinodal decomposition. In this paper the authors present part of their recent results in this aspect on a duplex stainless steel. The {alpha} and {alpha}{prime} domains evolved from the primary ferrite phase during spinodal decomposition have different morphologies. The {alpha} (Fe-rich) forms the matrix while the {alpha}{prime} (Cr-rich) domains are developed in the form of discrete regions embedded within the {alpha} matrix. The distribution of these domains follows the fractal-growth characteristics with fractal dimensions ranging from 0.1 to 0.2. In addition, there exists a lower critical dimension beyond which the self-similarity of the domains breaks down.

  8. Stress corrosion cracking of duplex stainless steel weldments in sour conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schofield, M.J. [Cortest Labs. Ltd., Sheffield (United Kingdom); Bradshaw, R.; Cottis, R.A. [UMIST, Manchester (United Kingdom). Corrosion and Protection Centre

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels are widely used in the oil and gas production industry for a variety of applications. The stress corrosion cracking (SCC) behavior of wrought material is reasonably well understood, and usage limitations are placed upon these alloys in NACE MR0175 for sour service. However, the SCC behavior of weldments is not as well understood, limiting use of welded material in H{sub 2}S-containing environments. The SCC resistance of duplex stainless steels is influenced by their microstructure and chemical composition. An investigation of the SCC behavior of welded 22% Cr and 25% Cr alloys in a simulated oilfield environment has been conducted. Mechanized orbital TIG was used to butt weld 168 mm OD tubes. The shielding gas contained nitrogen additions of up to 7% (UNS S32760) and 10% (UNS S31803). Slow strain rate testing (SSRT) was conducted on cross-weld specimens in sodium chloride solutions overpressured with varying partial pressures of H{sub 2}S and CO{sub 2}. Nitrogen uptake from the shielding gas has a detrimental effect on SCC resistance of duplex stainless steel weldments. While this effect is only modest, it is in direct contrast to the beneficial effect it has on pitting corrosion resistance.

  9. Laboratory testing on welded duplex stainless steel line pipe internal corrosion resistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Condanni, D. [AGIP SpA, Milan (Italy); Barteri, M. [C.S.M., Rome (Italy)

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex 22% Cr stainless steel (ss) was recommended, at the basic design stage, as the most cost-performing material for intrafield flowlines conveying multiphase sour production from subsea well-heads to production platform. Due to aggressiveness of the production environment [H{sub 2}S partial pressure (pH{sub 2}S) = 14 mbar, CO{sub 2} partial pressure (pCO{sub 2}) = 40 bar, NaCl = 100 g/l, T = 135 C], and partially to the lack of definitive information on the corrosion resistance of welded duplex, some laboratory testing was deemed necessary and performed. The paper presents testing results dealing with localized corrosion and sulfide stress cracking (SSC) resistance of base material and girth-welded seamless tubes 22% Cr duplex, both wrought and centrifugally cast. The last one was considered because of possible procurement difficulties of the first one when required in small quantities and large diameters as in the case of production manifolds. It is concluded that the material can be used in the test environment as girth weld line pipe provided suitable welding technique is adopted.

  10. Application of martensitic, modified martensitic and duplex stainless steel bar stock for completion equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhavsar, R.B. [CAMCO Products and Services, Houston, TX (United States); Montani, R. [Foroni, S.p.A., Colombo (Italy)

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Martensitic and duplex stainless steel tubing are commonly used for oil and gas applications containing CO{sub 2}. Completion equipment manufacturing requires use of solid round bar or heavy wall hollows. Material properties for this stock are not identical in all cases. Material properties as well as corrosion characteristics are discussed for 13Cr, 13Cr-5Ni-2Mo and 25Cr alloys. Corrosion testing of modified or Enhanced 13Cr solid bar stock, UNS S41425 and other compositions in H{sub 2}S-Cl{sup {minus}} and pH is reported in coupled and uncoupled condition. Corrosion testing of various super duplex bar stock at various H{sub 2}S-chlorides and temperature in CO{sub 2} environment is reported. Impact value requirements, welding issues and special consideration required for these alloys for completion equipment is discussed. Modified 13Cr and Super Duplex Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG) are readily available, however, availability of completion equipment raw material compatible with these OCTG is limited.

  11. Influence of sigma-phase formation on the localized corrosion behavior of a duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adhe, K.N.; Kain, V.; Madangopal, K.; Gadiyar, H.S. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Bombay (India). Metallurgy Div.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because of their austenitic-ferritic microstructures, duplex stainless steels offer a good combination of mechanical and corrosion resistance properties. However, heat treatments can lower the mechanical strength of these stainless steels as well as render them susceptible to intergranular corrosion (IGC) and pitting corrosion. In this study, a low-carbon (0.02%) duplex stainless steel is subjected to various heat treatments at 450 to 950 C for 30 min to 10 h. The heat-treated samples than undergo ASTM IGC and pitting corrosion tests, and the results are correlated with the microstructures obtained after each heat treatment. In the absence of Cr{sub 23}C{sub 6} precipitation, {sigma}-phase precipitates render this duplex stainless steel susceptible to IGC and pitting corrosion. Even submicroscopic {sigma}-phase precipitates are deleterious for IGC resistance. Longer-duration heat treatments (at 750 to 850 C) induce chromium diffusion to replenish the chromium-depleted regions around the {sigma}-phase precipitates and improve IGC resistance; pitting resistance, however, is not fully restored. Various mechanisms of {sigma}-phase formation are discussed to show that regions adjacent to {sigma}-phase are depleted of chromium and molybdenum. The effect of chemical composition (pitting resistance equivalent) on the pitting resistance of various stainless steels is also noted.

  12. Microstructure/property relationships in dissimilar welds between duplex stainless steels and carbon steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnhouse, E.J. [Weirton Steel Corp., WV (United States); Lippold, J.C. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The metallurgical characteristics, toughness and corrosion resistance of dissimilar welds between duplex stainless steel Alloy 2205 and carbon steel A36 have been evaluated. Both duplex stainless steel ER2209 and Ni-based Alloy 625 filler metals were used to join this combination using a multipass, gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process. Defect-free welds were made with each filler metal. The toughness of both the 625 and 2209 deposits were acceptable, regardless of heat input. A narrow martensitic region with high hardness was observed along the A36/2209 fusion boundary. A similar region was not observed in welds made with the 625 filler metal. The corrosion resistance of the welds made with 2209 filler metal improved with increasing heat input, probably due to higher levels of austenite and reduced chromium nitride precipitation. Welds made with 625 exhibited severe attack in the root pass, while the bulk of the weld was resistant. This investigation has shown that both filler metals can be used to joint carbon steel to duplex stainless steels, but that special precautions may be necessary in corrosive environments.

  13. Building America Case Study: Conway Street Apartments, Greenfield, Massachusetts (Fact Sheet), Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Future of CSP:Brookhaven TeachingCommunity-Scale Energy

  14. Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit , Kent, Washington (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Whole-House Solutions for New Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO OverviewAttachments EnergyFebruary 29CNGCAMPAIGNING ACTIVITIESTradeCarolineCasa

  15. Public housing renovation : an opportunity for a better housing environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordn F., Pablo (Jordn Fuchs)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The central hypothesis of this study is that the current renovation program of public housing projects is based on a predominantly physical perspective. Understanding the administrative and implementation aspects of the ...

  16. Housing Market Information and the Benefit of Housing Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ Kain, John F. and Quigley, John M. , "Measuring theKain, John F. and Quigley, John M. , "Evaluating theKain, John F. and Quigley, John M. , Housing Markets and

  17. Residential Handbook Welcome to your University of Pittsburgh housing accommodations.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    housing. Upon electronically signing your Housing and Dining Services Contract (Contract), you agreed to

  18. Transactions Costs and Housing Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1989: 282-294. Quigley, John M. , Interest Rate Variations,69(4), 1987: 636-643. Quigley, John M. , Homeowner MobilityAND HOUSING MARKETS By John M. Quigley February 2004 These

  19. The 2005 Solar D House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , each of which designed, built, and operated a totally solar-powered home with a home office and their transportation needs using a solar-charged vehicle. Organized by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Renewable energy Laboratory..., the Solar Decathlon competition challenges university teams to design and build an 800-square foot, totally solar-powered house. The competition took place on the National Mall in Washington D.C., where each house was constructed and operated from...

  20. Housing Assignment Process DEAN OF STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmeri, Thomas

    A Guide to the Housing Assignment Process 2011-2012 DEAN OF STUDENTS Office of Housing, The housing assignment process for the 2011-2012 academic year is already underway. To help students with this process, Vanderbilt Student Government (VSG) and the Office of Housing and Residential Education (OHARE

  1. Table HC1.2.4 Living Space Characteristics by Average Floorspace--Apartments, 2

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14Total DeliveredPrincipal shale gas:14:9a. Housing1.22.4

  2. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC4 RS-01-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ROSEN HOUSING (ROSEN COMMUNITY) The following sections: Sections 63B - 63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66B - 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE

  3. Housing Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1, 103126, 2003 Renters' Housing Behaviour in Transitional Urban

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Youqin

    Housing Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1, 103126, 2003 Renters' Housing Behaviour in Transitional Urban how renters make their housing decisions in urban China, where market mechanisms are being introduced into a previously welfare- oriented housing system. It is argued that while renters now enjoy more housing options

  4. Army Virtual Housing Experience The Army virtual housing experience provides Soldiers and Families world class

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Army Virtual Housing Experience Fact Sheet OVERVIEW The Army virtual housing experience provides Soldiers and Families world class customer focused housing information which allows them to make informed housing choices regarding off-post, privatized or government housing upon receipt of orders by using

  5. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC2 RS-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ROSEN HOUSING (ROSEN COMMUNITY) The following sections: Sections 63A - 63C; 63E-63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66C; 66E-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  6. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SM UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT PeopleSoft Agreement This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Towers Communities The following sections of the Terms; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66F; 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING

  7. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR13 MC-01-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Fall This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Apollo, Hercules, Lake Claire, Libra DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms

  8. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC2 RS-01-SB 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ROSEN HOUSING (ROSEN COMMUNITY) The following sections: Sections 63A - 63F; 63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66F; 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  9. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR7 TW-02-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Spring and Summer C This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Towers Communities OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT GENERAL PROVISIONS The terms and conditions

  10. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC3 RS-01-SA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People A This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ROSEN HOUSING (ROSEN COMMUNITY) The following sections: Sections 63A - 63E; 63G-63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66E; 66G-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  11. Housing Payment Information Students are responsible for making timely payment of housing charges.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Housing Payment Information Students are responsible for making timely payment of housing charges. Refer to your Housing Contract for payment amounts and contract terms. Residence Halls (Mesa Court) Housing charges are posted to Zot Account Online - https://zotaccount.uci.edu Housing Payment Due Dates

  12. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    ROS RS-02-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People AND SPRING This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ROSEN HOUSING (ROSEN COMMUNITY: Important Dates: Sections 63A; 63C-63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A; 66C-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  13. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 -2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC3 RS-01-SC 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2013 - 2014 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: ROSEN HOUSING (ROSEN COMMUNITY) The following sections: Sections 63A - 63G; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66G. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE

  14. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC4 RS-01-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Rosen Community The following sections of the Terms; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66B - 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING

  15. HOUSING AND SOCIETY, 37(2), 2010 HOUSING AND SOCIETY, 37(2), 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    HOUSING AND SOCIETY, 37(2), 2010 87 HOUSING AND SOCIETY, 37(2), 2010 Housing and Society Journal of the Housing Education and Research Association Refer to manuscript submission guidelines on the HERA Web site www.housingeducators.org 2010 Housing Education and Research Association All rights reserved

  16. The role of environmental and metallurgical variables on the resistance of duplex stainless steels to sulphide SCC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, R.; Byrne, G.; Warburton, G. [Weir Materials Ltd., Manchester (United Kingdom)

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex and super duplex stainless steels are widely used by the Oil and Gas industry for handling slightly sour process fluids. These alloys have limits, beyond which sulfide stress corrosion cracking (SSCC) is likely. In NACE MR0175 the operating limits of alloys are usually defined by a maximum hardness and an H{sub 2}S limit. For one or two alloys another parameter may also be specified. The present paper has collected together a body of evidence, some of it previously unpublished, to show that the susceptibility to SSCC depends on a number of environmental variables, i.e. temperature, chloride, pH and H{sub 2}S, as well as several metallurgical variables e.g. microstructure and degree of cold work. The data for one alloy, a proprietary super duplex stainless steel, is used to show how these variables inter-relate, and where the alloy may be safely used. The results clearly show that NACE MR0175 is inadequate for specifying the limits of use of a duplex or super duplex stainless steel. The authors suggest that where an alloy is though likely to be useful and the conditions are outside the scope of MR0175, testing as specified in the European Federation of Corrosion document on CRA`s (Publication No. 17), should be carried out.

  17. 106 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MICROWAVE THEORY AND TECHNIQUES, VOL. 53, NO. 1, JANUARY 2005 Adaptive Duplexer Implemented Using Single-Path

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Robert A.

    of a surface acoustic wave duplexer is introduced, which reduces the noise levels in the receive band have com- bined to result in more pollution of the receive band spectrum with spurious noise signals the performance of the surface acoustic wave (SAW) duplexer over the bandwidth of single receiver channel

  18. Figure 5.19. Light micrographs showing the microstructure of duplex rolled metal IC381 solution treated at 1300 C for 26 hours and then quenched into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    of duplex rolled metal IC381 solution treated at 1300 °C for 26 hours and then quenched into water the microstructure of duplex rolled metal IC373 solution treated at 1300 QC for 26 hours amI then quenched into water solution treated at 1300 QC for 26 hours and then quenched into water. The llleasured volullle fraction

  19. FIRST YEAR LLC HOUSING OPTIONS OFFICE OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    FIRST YEAR LLC HOUSING OPTIONS OFFICE OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE BE A PART OF THE FIRST YEAR EXPERIENCE FYE FRINQ THEME FYE Freshman Inquiry (FRINQ) Themed Housing First Year Experience Students live

  20. Which Reduces Vehicle Travel More: Jobs-Housing Balauce or Retail-Housing Mixing?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert; Duncan, Michael

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    G. (1991). Is jobs-housing balancing a transponation issue?Ccrvero, R. (1989). Jobs-housing balancing and regionalCervero, R. (1996a). Jobs-housing balance revlshcd. Joumal

  1. DUPLEX: A molecular mechanics program in torsion angle space for computing structures of DNA and RNA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hingerty, B.E.

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DUPLEX produces energy minimized structures of DNA and RNA of any base sequence for single and double strands. The smallest subunits are deoxydinucleoside monophosphates, and up to 12 residues, single or double stranded can be treated. In addition, it can incorporate NMR derived interproton distances an constraints in the minimizations. Both upper and lower bounds for these distances can be specified. The program has been designed to run on a UNICOS Cray supercomputer, but should run, albeit slowly, on a laboratory computer such as a VAX or a workstation.

  2. Process for stabilizing dimensions of duplex stainless steels for service at elevated temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hull, Frederick C. (Pittsburgh, PA); Tobin, John C. (Richland, WA)

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steel materials containing austenite plus delta ferrite, are dimensionally stabilized by heating the material to a reaction temperature between about 1050.degree.-1450.degree. F. (566.degree.-788.degree. C.), holding it at this temperature during transformation of delta ferrite to austenite plus sigma phase, and subsequently heating to a reversion temperature between about 1625.degree.-1750.degree. F. (885.degree.-954.degree. C.), whereby the sigma phase transforms back to ferrite, but the austenite remains dispersed in the ferrite phase. Final controlled cooling permits transformation of ferrite to austenite plus sigma and, later, precipitation of carbides.

  3. Application of the hydrogen microprint and the microautoradiography techniques to a duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yalci, H.K.; Edmonds, D.V. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials] [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials

    1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hydrogen microprint (HMT) and microautoradiography (HMAT) techniques have been used to study the hydrogen distribution in the microstructure of a duplex stainless steel having a 50/50 austenite/ferrite phase ratio. Both techniques indicated that the austenite/ferrite interphase boundaries and the austenite phase could act as effective hydrogen traps in steel microstructure. The HMT and HMAT results confirm the ideas that the grain boundary diffusivity of hydrogen is concentration-dependent and that the grain boundaries are not high-diffusivity paths for hydrogen.

  4. Effect of 475 C embrittlement on fractal behavior and tensile properties of a duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hilders, O.A.; Ramos, M.; Pena, N.D. [Central Univ. of Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela). School of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science] [Central Univ. of Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela). School of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science; Saenz, L. [Univ. of Carabobo, Valencia (Venezuela). Dept. of Materials and Fabrication Processes] [Univ. of Carabobo, Valencia (Venezuela). Dept. of Materials and Fabrication Processes

    1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fractal dimension variations of several tension surfaces of a duplex stainless steel broken at room temperature has been studied after several aging treatments performed at 475 C for 1, 2, 6.5, 12, 24, 40, and 120 h. A dimple type of fracture mode was observed for small aging times and transgranular as well as dimple rupture for 24, 40, and 120 h of aging. The higher the time of aging is, the smaller the fractal dimension and the true fracture strain. An expected reduction of the strength with the time of aging was observed.

  5. Gas metal arc welding of duplex stainless steel using flux cored wire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maruyama, T.; Ogawa, T.; Nishiyama, S.; Ushijima, A.; Yamashita, K. [Kobe Steel, Ltd., Fujisawa (Japan)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of chemical compositions and welding parameters on pitting corrosion resistance and notch toughness of duplex stainless steel weld metals by FCAW was investigated. And the effect of welding parameters on hot cracking susceptibility of the FCAW weld metals was also studied. Pitting corrosion resistance was improved with the increase of Cr, Mo and N content in the weld metal, and it was also proved that the corrosion resistance was greatly affected by welding heat input. Hot cracking susceptibility of the weld metal was increased with the increase of welding current and welding speed.

  6. Ceramic tile expansion engine housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Myers, B.

    1995-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    An expandable ceramic tile housing for a high temperature engine is disclosed wherein each tile is independently supported in place in an interlocking matrix by retention mechanisms which mechanically couple the individual ceramic tiles to an outer metal support housing while maintaining thermal isolation of the metal housing from the ceramic tiles. The ceramic tiles are formed with either an octagonal front face portion and a square shank portion or a square front face portion with an octagonal shank portion. The length of the sides of the octagonal front face portion on one tile is equal to the length of the sides of the square front face portion of adjoining tiles to permit formation of an interlocking matrix. Fibrous ceramic sealing material may be placed between radial and tangential facing surfaces of adjacent tiles to limit radial gas flow there between. Labyrinth-sealed pressure-controlled compartments may be established between the tile housing and the outer metal support housing to control radial gas flow. 8 figures.

  7. Ceramic tile expansion engine housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Myers, Blake (4650 Almond Cir., Livermore, CA 94550)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An expandable ceramic tile housing for a high temperature engine is disclosed wherein each tile is independently supported in place in an interlocking matrix by retention mechanisms which mechanically couple the individual ceramic tiles to an outer metal support housing while maintaining thermal isolation of the metal housing from the ceramic tiles. The ceramic tiles are formed with either an octagonal front face portion and a square shank portion or a square front face portion with an octagonal shank portion. The length of the sides of the octagonal front face portion on one tile is equal to the length of the sides of the square front face portion of adjoining tiles to permit formation of an interlocking matrix. Fibrous ceramic sealing material may be placed between radial and tangential facing surfaces of adjacent tiles to limit radial gas flow therebetween. Labyrinth-sealed pressure-controlled compartments may be established between the tile housing and the outer metal support housing to control radial gas flow.

  8. University Housing Office | Broadway #210 | (503) 725-4375 | housing@pdx.edu | www.pdx.edu/housing Dear NameFirst,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University Housing Office | Broadway #210 | (503) 725-4375 | housing@pdx.edu | www.pdx.edu/housing Housing residents (you) the chance to sign a Housing Contract and pick a room for the summer and/or the upcoming academic year. This way, if you decide to stay with University Housing, you get room assignment

  9. 2014 Housing Innovation Awards DOE Challenge Home Application...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Housing Innovation Awards DOE Challenge Home Application 2014 Housing Innovation Awards DOE Challenge Home Application The U.S. Department of Energy's Housing Innovation Awards...

  10. Subsidized Housing and Crime: Theory, Mechanisms, and Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lens, MC

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deconcentrating Assisted Housing. New Brunswick, NJ: Centerand the Tragedy of Public Housing in Chicago. New Brunswick,1999. Combating Crime in Public Housing: A Qualitative and

  11. Research Design for the Study of Mixed-Income Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spillover of Major Public Housing Redevelopment: An EconomicHOPE VI Neighborhoods. Housing Policy Debate 14 (4): 621-and Lydia B. Taghavi. 2003. Housing Choice Voucher Location

  12. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Islip...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Islip Housing Authority Energy Efficiency Turnover Protocols, Islip, New York Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Islip Housing Authority Energy Efficiency...

  13. Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Investigations...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Before the House...

  14. Before House Subcommittee on Water and Power - Committee on Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Subcommittee on Water and Power - Committee on Natural Resources Before House Subcommittee on Water and Power - Committee on Natural Resources Before House Subcommittee on...

  15. vol. 176, no. 1 the american naturalist july 2010 Teasing Apart the Many Effects of Lighting Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Rebecca

    vol. 176, no. 1 the american naturalist july 2010 Teasing Apart the Many Effects of Lighting covary with lighting in many taxa. Determining the mechanisms underlying these patterns is dif- ficult because lighting environments can have multiple effects on signaling that occur at multiple timescales

  16. Occupancy Simulation in Three Residential Research Houses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boudreaux, Philip R [ORNL; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL; Christian, Jeffrey E [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three houses of similar floor plan are being compared for energy consumption. The first house is a typical builder house of 2400 ft2 (223 m2) in east Tennessee. The second house contains retrofits available to a home owner such as energy efficient appliances, windows and HVAC, as well as an insulated attic which contains HVAC duct work. The third house was built using optimum-value framing construction with photovoltaic modules and solar water heating. To consume energy researchers have set up appliances, lights, and plug loads to turn on and off automatically according to a schedule based on the Building America Research Benchmark Definition. As energy efficiency continues to be a focus for protecting the environment and conserving resources, experiments involving whole house energy consumption will be done. In these cases it is important to understand how to simulate occupancy so that data represents only house performance and not human behavior. The process for achieving automated occupancy simulation will be discussed. Data comparing the energy use of each house will be presented and it will be shown that the third house used 66% less and the second house used 36% less energy than the control house in 2010. The authors will discuss how energy prudent living habits can further reduce energy use in the third house by 23% over the average American family living in the same house.

  17. The design, development and performance of a Duplex Stirling natural gas liquefier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berchowitz, D.M.

    1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The idea of using a Duplex Stirling System for natural gas liquefaction has long been considered by Sunpower as an attractive application for Stirling engines. A few years ago an internally funded project was embarked upon to build a small demonstration Duplex Stirling unit. This machine was designed around the Model M-100 engine which was then being produced commercially. The demonstrator machine first ran in 1979 and soon proved to be a stable and reliable performer. A series of three further machines incorporating various improvements and modifications followed at which point it was confidently felt that the design of a large machine of more realistic capacity could be attempted. Work was started in August 1981 on the design and development of a preproduction natural gas liquefier with a capacity of at least 4 1/hr. The design of the larger machine borrows extensively from the experience gained from the small prototype machines. Scaling, computer simulation and optimization are used to refine the design. Presented here is a summary of the design and development of the preproduction machine.

  18. Influence of microstructure on the flow behavior of duplex stainless steels at high temperatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balancin, O.; Hoffmann, W.A.M.; Jonas, J.J.

    2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Three kinds of duplex stainless steel, with different ferrite-to-austenite ratios, were deformed in torsion over the temperature range 900 C to 1,200 C; the corresponding microstructural evolution was observed and correlated with the deformation conditions. The shapes of the high-temperature flow curves depend strongly on the volume fractions of the phases, the characteristics of the ferrite-austenite interface, and the active softening mechanism. At low volume fractions of austenite, the mechanical behavior is determined by the ferrite matrix and the flow curves are typical of materials that soften by continuous dynamic recrystallization. When the volume fraction of austenite is increased, coherent {gamma} particles distributed within the grains and at the grain boundaries hinder the deformation of the softer {alpha} matrix, increasing both the yield and the peak stress. These peaked flow curves are characterized by rapid work hardening followed by extensive flow softening; under these conditions, the hard austenite particles become aligned with the deformation direction after large strains. AT high volume fractions of austenite ({approximately}50%), the material tends to form a duplex structure, with the flow curves displaying extended work-hardening and work-softening regions; however, a drastic decrease is observed in ductility because of the dissimilar plastic behaviors of the two phases.

  19. In-Situ Observations of Phase Transformations in the HAZ of 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel Weldments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, T A; Elmer, J W; Wong, J

    2001-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ferrite ({delta})/austenite ({gamma}) transformations in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of a gas tungsten arc (GTA) weld in 2205 duplex stainless steel are observed in real-time using spatially resolved X-ray diffraction (SRXRD) with high intensity synchrotron radiation. A map showing the locations of the {delta} and {gamma} phases with respect to the calculated weld pool dimensions has been constructed from a series of SRXRD scans. Regions of liquid, completely transformed {gamma}, a combination of partially transformed {gamma} with untransformed {delta}, and untransformed {delta}+{gamma} are identified. Analysis of each SRXRD pattern provides a semi-quantitative definition of both the {delta}/{gamma} phase balance and the extent of annealing which are mapped for the first time with respect to the calculated weld pool size and shape. A combination of these analyses provides a unique real-time description of the progression of phase transformations in the HAZ. Using these real-time observations, important kinetic information about the transformations occurring in duplex stainless steels during heating and cooling cycles typical of welding can be determined.

  20. Effect of ageing on precipitation and impact energy of 2101 economical duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang Wei [Shanghai Baosteel Technology Center, Baosteel Co., LTD. Shanghai 200431 (China); College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Jiang Laizhu [Shanghai Baosteel Technology Center, Baosteel Co., LTD. Shanghai 200431 (China)], E-mail: zwatt@163.com; Hu Jincheng; Song Hongmei [Shanghai Baosteel Technology Center, Baosteel Co., LTD. Shanghai 200431 (China)

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact energy and microstructure of a thermally aged 2101 duplex stainless steel with composition of Fe-21.4Cr-1.2Ni-5.7Mn-0.23 N-0.31Mo were studied. The results showed that the room temperature impact energy of specimens decreased gradually with ageing temperature up to 700 deg. C and then increased with aging over 700 deg. C. The minimum value of impact energy was 37 J after 700 deg. C aging, which was only 34% of that for as-annealed specimens. For specimens aged at 700 deg. C, the room temperature impact energy decreased significantly after 3 min and was halved after 10 min. Fractographs showed that, with increasing aging time, the fracture morphology changed from fibrous fracture to transgranular and intragranular fracture. Scanning electron micrographs revealed that many precipitates were distributed along {alpha}/{gamma} and {alpha}/{alpha} interfaces. The precipitates were extracted and confirmed by X-ray diffraction to be Cr{sub 2}N. Therefore, it can be concluded that precipitation of Cr{sub 2}N is the main reason for the decrease of impact energy in aged 2101 duplex stainless steel.

  1. Fracture mechanics analysis of cast duplex stainless steel elbows containing a surface crack

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delliou, P.A. le; Semete, P. [Electricite de France, Moret Sur Loing (France). Direction des Etudes et Recherches; Ignaccolo, S. [Electricite de France, Villeurbanne (France). Direction de l`Equipement

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Some components of the primary loop of a PWR are made of cast duplex stainless steel. This kind of steel may age even at relatively low temperatures, (below 400 C, which is within the temperature range of PWR service conditions), leading to a significant decrease of its toughness. This is why a large research program was initiated on the fracture behavior of aged duplex stainless steel elbows in France. The main task of this program was to test three 2/3-scale models of aged PWR primary loop elbows. The first two tests (called SEM1 and SEM2) were conducted under in-plane closure bending at 320 C; the third (called SEM3) was conducted under constant internal pressure and in-plane closure bending at 60 C. The first two elbows contained a semi-elliptical notch machined into the outer surface of one flank, oriented either longitudinally (SEM1 test) or circumferentially (SEM2 test); the third elbow contained both notches described above, one on each flank. This paper presents the results of the experiments, the finite element calculations and the ductile fracture mechanics analyses that were performed.

  2. Microstructural and mechanical behavior of a duplex stainless steel under hot working conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iza-Mendia, A. [Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian (Spain). Dept. of Materials]|[Univ. of Navarra, San Sebastian (Spain); Pinol-Juez, A. [Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Tecnicas de Gipuzkoa, San Sebastian (Spain). Dept. of Materials; Urcola, J.J.; Gutierrez, I. [Univ. of Navarra, San Sebastian (Spain)

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the hot deformation of the duplex stainless steels, the complexity of the microstructure evolution and mechanical response is increased as compared with those of single-phase ferritic or austenitic stainless steels. In the present work, plane strain compression and torsion deformation modes have been used to analyze the microstructural evolution and the mechanical behavior of a duplex stainless steel in as-cast and wrought conditions, as a function of spatial phase distribution, the nature of interface, and the relative mechanical properties of both phases. The law of mixtures has been used to explain the different flow curves obtained when changing the phase distribution and/or the deformation mode. On deforming as-cast microstructures, the deformation partitions vary heterogeneously between both phases and some austenite areas act as hard nondeforming particles. Cracks have been observed to occur at the interface of such regions, from relatively low strains, for which the initial Kurdjumov-Sachs orientation relationship between ferrite and austenite is still present.

  3. Microstructural characteristics and corrosion behavior of a super duplex stainless steel casting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martins, Marcelo [Industrial Manager of SULZER BRASIL S/A and Professor of the Sao Paulo Salesian University Center (UNISAL), Americana Division, SP (Brazil)], E-mail: marcelo.martins@sulzer.com; Casteletti, Luiz Carlos [Department of Materials, Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering, Sao Carlos School of Engineering, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Carlos, SP Brazil (Brazil)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The machining of super duplex stainless steel castings is usually complicated by the difficulty involved in maintaining the dimensional tolerances required for given applications. Internal stresses originating from the solidification process and from subsequent heat treatments reach levels that exceed the material's yield strength, promoting plastic strain. Stress relief heat treatments at 520 deg. C for 2 h are an interesting option to solve this problem, but because these materials present a thermodynamically metastable condition, a few precautions should be taken. The main objective of this work was to demonstrate that, after solution annealing at 1130 deg. C and water quenching, stress relief at 520 deg. C for 2 h did not alter the duplex microstructure or impair the pitting corrosion resistance of ASTM A890/A890M Grade 6A steel. This finding was confirmed by microstructural characterization techniques, including light optical and scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. Corrosion potential measurements in synthetic sea water containing 20,000 ppm of chloride ions were also conducted at three temperatures: 5 deg. C, 25 deg. C and 60 deg. C.

  4. Housing deficits as a frame for housing policy: Demographic change, economic crisis and household formation in Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monkkonen, P

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    states passion for social housing. Vanguard Nigeria. Asianto help expand access to housing in Indonesia. Manila: PressThe transformation of housing and household structures in

  5. Lead-Safe Housing Policy Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lead-Safe Housing Policy Guidance #12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This guidance was prepared by the Alliance Gumm. The Alliance thanks the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch of the Centers for Disease..............................................................................................................................1 PART I Basic Lead-Safe Housing Standards

  6. Process of designing city housing in Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurokawa, Shoji

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    pose of this thesis is to show one design approach to providing more preferable housing for users in Japan. Chapter 1 gives an overview of trends in Japanese housing construction, describes user requirements, analyzes ...

  7. The Malay house : rationale and change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan Abidin, Wan Burhanuddin B

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Malay house is defined and described in the Malaysian context . Underlying principles or rules that make up the house are derived from the analysis of its physical, spatial and functional elements and the variations ...

  8. University Housing! First Year Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    community -Committed faculty member for academic success -Group Work focused -Learning Community Assistant for academic success -Group Work focused -Learning Community Assistant (LCA) Living Learning Communities (LLCs) + + The choice is yours! First Year Experience Thematic First Year Student Housing focused around development

  9. Kevin Smith Sutherland House 234

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Kevin Smith Sutherland House 234 PMB 3342 Nashville, TN 37235 January 27, 2010 Mr. Scott at Kevin.m.smith@vanderbilt.edu or by phone at (543)3843909. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely, Kevin Smith The cover letter needs to be in business letter format...this includes

  10. Lockout housing and sleeve for safety valve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dickson, R.L.; Davis, G.R.

    1992-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This patent describes apparatus for use in a subsurface valve. It comprises a lockout housing; and a lockout sleeve.

  11. Inside the White House: Solar Panels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Go inside the White House and learn about the installation of solar panels on the roof of the residence.

  12. Housing/Dining/Meal Plan Modifications/Accommodations Disability Support Services Housing Office Dining Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    Housing/Dining/Meal Plan Modifications/Accommodations Procedure Disability Support Services Housing.581.4712 Fax: 207.581.4252 Fax: 207.581.4714 Fax: 207.581.4714 At the University of Maine campus housing variation in noise level. For medical reasons, students request a variety of housing accommodations

  13. HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENT Pig pathology in relation with the evaluation of pig houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    VI. - HOUSING AND ENVIRONMENT Pig pathology in relation with the evaluation of pig houses J Housing conditions may have an unfavorable effect on animal health, especially in intensive rearing conditions. Some pathological cases may be related to particular aspects of the pig houses and a more precise

  14. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    RC2 RS-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Spring This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Rosen Community The following sections: Sections 63A - 63C; 63E-63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66C; 66E-66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  15. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SC TW-01-SC 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer C This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Towers Communities The following: Sections 63A - 63G; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66G. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE

  16. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR1 FS-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Spring This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  17. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SB 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer B This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  18. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SB 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer B This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  19. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer A This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  20. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR1 FS-01-SP 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Spring This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  1. Housing and Residential Life Rate Sheet Living Learning Communities & Special Interest Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Housing and Residential Life Rate Sheet Living Learning Communities & Special Interest Housing Housing and Residential Life is proud to offer many Living Learning Communities (LLC) and special interest housing on campus. These communities provide a great opportunity to live with others who share your

  2. Housing and Residential Life Rate Sheet Living Learning Communities & Special Interest Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Housing and Residential Life Rate Sheet Living Learning Communities & Special Interest Housing Housing and Residential Life is proud to offer many Living-Learning Communities (LLC) and special interest housing on campus. These communities provide a great opportunity to live with others who share your

  3. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SC 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer C This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  4. Temporary Housing Mission Overview Temporary Housing is a highly visible mission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Temporary Housing Mission Overview Temporary Housing is a highly visible mission. Success requires teamwork (FEMA/COE/State/Local) and advanced planning. FEMA's steps to providing housing relief assistance (home repair limits, rental limits, self-help Manufactured Housing Units (MHU) on private sites

  5. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer A This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  6. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR8 FS-02-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Fall and Spring This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions

  7. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    SG FS-01-SC 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer C This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions are applicable

  8. UCSF Housing Services Student Accessible Housing and Special Needs Accommodation Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    UCSF Housing Services Student Accessible Housing and Special Needs Accommodation Policy In order (ADA) as amended, UCSF Housing Services and Student Disability Services (SDS) developed this policy to address on campus housing priority and special need support property modifications. In order

  9. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 -2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    NV3 NV-01-SB 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2014 - 2015 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Summer B This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Northview Community The following: Sections 63A - 63F; 63H; Cancellation Fees: Sections 66A - 66F; 66H. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING

  10. ON LINE HOUSING APPLICATION PROCESS SUMMARY Required steps to access online housing application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    ON LINE HOUSING APPLICATION PROCESS SUMMARY Required steps to access online housing application Admission to the University Return Intent to Register & make advance Tuition Payment Make advance housing payment if planning to live on-campus Activate your NetID Receive an e-mail from the Housing Office

  11. UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 -2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    OR8 FS-02-FA 1 UCF DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND RESIDENCE LIFE 2015 - 2016 HOUSING AGREEMENT People - Fall and Spring This agreement covers the following housing facilities: Theta Chi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Chi Omega Houses The following sections of the Terms and Conditions

  12. Missouri AHEC Housing *no pets allowed at any of the AHEC housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Missouri AHEC Housing *no pets allowed at any of the AHEC housing * Students are responsible for cleaning up after themselves Housing is occasionally shared with other healthcare professions students7146 Cost: No charge to students (utilities included) (limited number of units available) Housing in St

  13. Housing/Dining/Meal Plan Modifications/Accommodations Disability Support Services Housing Office Dining Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    Housing/Dining/Meal Plan Modifications/Accommodations Procedure Disability Support Services Housing.581.4712 Fax: 207.581.9420 Fax: 207.581.3663 Fax: 207.581.4714 At the University of Maine campus housing variation in noise level. For medical reasons, students request a variety of housing accommodations

  14. Housing Handbook The Housing Handbook ("Handbook") provides general information about the policies, procedures, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarau, Paul

    1 Housing Handbook The Housing Handbook ("Handbook") provides general information about the policies, procedures, and community standards established for Housing and Residence Life. All residents in the Handbook as well as the Terms and Conditions of the Housing contract. As members of the larger University

  15. On the Impacts and Benefits of Implementing Full-Duplex Communications Links in an Underwater Acoustic Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Geoffrey

    . These networks may provide command and control for autonomous underwater vehicles, forward reporting by arraysOn the Impacts and Benefits of Implementing Full-Duplex Communications Links in an Underwater of sensor grids, ad hoc communications links to covert forces, or positive control of unmanned, forward

  16. Interstrand DNA-DNA Cross-Link Formation Between Adenine Residues and Abasic Sites in Duplex DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gates, Kent. S.

    Interstrand DNA-DNA Cross-Link Formation Between Adenine Residues and Abasic Sites in Duplex DNA of DNA is a common event that generates an abasic (Ap) site (1). Ap sites exist as an equilibrating that can form covalent adducts with nucleophilic sites in DNA. Thus, Ap sites present a potentially

  17. Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing Comstock Hall-East 210 Delaware St. SE Minneapolis, MN 55455-0307 612-624-2994 Housing Application-Contract This application-contract is a Legally Binding Document. I am responsible for knowing all the information contained in the online Housing

  18. Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Housing & Residential Life Contracts, Assignments & Billing Comstock Hall-East 210 Delaware St. SE Minneapolis, MN 55455-0307 612-624-2994 Housing Guarantee Payment Extension Agreement This agreement is a Legally Binding Document. I am requesting my $200 Housing Guarantee Payment due date be extended

  19. Housing Characteristics and Socio-Economic Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Housing Characteristics and Socio-Economic Status ROCOG's Environmental Justice Protocol Phil to show relationships between housing characteristics and household income ! Local real property data with survey-based SES data #12;Housing Type & EJ Populations Type of Residence Total Pupils Pupils Eligible

  20. Housing and the Great Depression Mehmet Balcilar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Housing and the Great Depression Mehmet Balcilar Department of Economics Eastern Mediterranean Vegas Las Vegas, Nevada, 89154-6005 USA Abstract: This paper considers the role of the real housing between the real housing price and real GDP per capita. We test for structural change in parameter values

  1. Illinois Institute of Technology Housing & Residential Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Illinois Institute of Technology Housing & Residential Services Student Guide to 20102011 Room and Board Contract Cancellation The Housing & Residential Services 20102011 Room and Board, if applicable, within two business days by email. Upon MoveOut, Housing & Residential Services will update

  2. Chicagoland Single-Family Housing Characterization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spanier, J.; Scheu, R.; Brand, L.; Yang, J.

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this report, the PARR team identifies housing characteristics and energy use for fifteen housing types (groups) in the Chicagoland (Cook County, Illinois) region and specifies measure packages that provide an optimum level of energy savings based on a BEopt analysis. The analysis is based on assessor data and actual energy consumption data on 432,605 houses representing approximately 30% of the population.

  3. ASSOCIATED RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY HOUSING (ARCH) PROGRAM UC San Diego's Associated Residential Community Housing (ARCH) is committed to supporting the academic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    ASSOCIATED RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY HOUSING (ARCH) PROGRAM I. MISSION UC San Diego's Associated Residential Community Housing (ARCH) is committed to supporting the academic mission of the university, Associated Residential Community Housing (ARCH) offers campus housing to graduate and professional students

  4. Student Housing Advisor/Marketing Assistant Job Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    Student Housing Advisor/Marketing Assistant Job Description 2014-2015 DEPARTMENT: Student Housing UNIT: Housing Administrative Services (Student Center 4th Floor) JOB TITLE: Student Housing Advisor for the Housing Website; designing graphics for online promotion of Housing processes; providing feedback

  5. Housing & other information for international students visiting the CEP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cosmides, Leda

    Housing & other information for international students visiting the CEP General information about housing at UCSB: http://www.housing.ucsb.edu/hchoices/cho-general-info.htm Housing tips for international students: http://www.housing.ucsb.edu/hchoices/international-tips.htm Housing placement

  6. Remotely serviced filter and housing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ross, M.J.; Zaladonis, L.A.

    1987-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A filter system for a hot cell comprises a housing adapted for input of air or other gas to be filtered, flow of the air through a filter element, and exit of filtered air. The housing is tapered at the top to make it easy to insert a filter cartridge holds the filter element while the air or other gas is passed through the filter element. Captive bolts in trunnion nuts are readily operated by electromechanical manipulators operating power wrenches to secure and release the filter cartridge. The filter cartridge is adapted to make it easy to change a filter element by using a master-slave manipulator at a shielded window station. 6 figs.

  7. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Devoted...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    who worked with Building America research partner WSU Extension Energy Office to design HERS-54 duplexes with ICF walls, high-efficiency mini-split heat pumps, ERVs, and a...

  8. Molecular views of damaged DNA: Adaptation of the Program DUPLEX to parallel architectures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hingerty, B.E.; Crawford, O.H. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Broyde, S. [New York Univ., NY (United States). Biology Dept.; Wagner, R.A. [Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Computer Science

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The nucleic acids molecular mechanics program DUPLEX has been designed with useful features for surveying the potential energy surface of polynucleotides, especially ones that are modified by polycyclic aromatic carcinogens. The program features helpful strategies for addressing the multiple minimum problem: (1) the reduced variable domain of torsion angle space; (2) search strategies that emphasize large scale searches for smaller subunits, followed by building to larger units by a variety of strategies; (3) the use of penalty functions to aid the minimizer in locating selected structural types in first stage minimizations; penalty functions are released in terminal minimizations to yield final unrestrained minimum energy conformations. Predictive capability is illustrated by DNA modified by activated benzo[a]pyrenes. The first stage of adaptation to parallel computers is described.

  9. Long-range, full-duplex, modulated-reflector cell phone for voice/data transmission

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Neagley, Daniel L. (Albuquerque, NM); Briles, Scott D. (Los Alamos, NM); Coates, Don M. (Santa Fe, NM); Freund, Samuel M. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A long-range communications apparatus utilizing modulated-reflector technology is described. The apparatus includes an energy-transmitting base station and remote units that do not emit radiation in order to communicate with the base station since modulated-reflector technology is used whereby information is attached to an RF carrier wave originating from the base station which is reflected by the remote unit back to the base station. Since the remote unit does not emit radiation, only a low-power power source is required for its operation. Information from the base station is transmitted to the remote unit using a transmitter and receiver, respectively. The range of such a communications system is determined by the properties of a modulated-reflector half-duplex link.

  10. Role of surface finishing on pitting corrosion of a duplex stainless steel in seawater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salah-Rousset, N.B.; Chaouachi, M.A. [ENIT, Tunis (Tunisia). Lab. of Metallurgy and Materials; Chellouf, A. [STEG, Tunis (Tunisia)

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Localized corrosion of duplex UNS S32550 stainless steel in seawater was investigated in the laboratory and in field trials for several surface finish conditions: polished, ground, and sandblasted. Electrochemical data obtained by polarization curves showed that the smoother, polished surface had better characteristics (higher pitting and protection potentials) than the ground or sandblasted surfaces. However, despite its high degree of roughness, the sandblasted surface was the most resistant in field conditions, exhibiting the lowest number of sites attacked. Internal compressive stresses created by sandblasting seem also to have an unsensitizing effect on sensitized zones that exist in cast steel (due to repairs of mold defects), reducing its susceptibility to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). Such stresses are not generated in polished or ground surfaces, and localized MIC attack can occur.

  11. Direct Observations of Sigma Phase Growth and Dissolution in 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, T; Elmer, J; Babu, S; Specht, E

    2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation and growth of sigma ({sigma}) phase in a 2205 duplex stainless steel is monitored during an 850 C isothermal heat treatment using an in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction technique. At this temperature, {sigma} phase is first observed within approximately 40 seconds of the start of the isothermal heat treatment and grows rapidly over the course of the 3600 second heat treatment to a volume fraction of approximately 13%. A simultaneous increase in the austenite ({gamma}) volume fraction and a decrease in the ferrite ({delta}) volume fraction are observed. The {sigma} phase formed at this temperature is rapidly dissolved within approximately 200 seconds when the temperature is increased to 1000 C. Accompanying this rapid dissolution of the {sigma} phase, the {delta} and {gamma} volume fractions both approach the balanced (50/50) level observed in the as-received material.

  12. Application of Taguchi method in Nd-YAG laser welding of super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yip, W.M.; Man, H.C.; Ip, W.H. [Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ., Kowloon (Hong Kong)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This investigation is aimed at achieving a near 50-50 % ferrite-austenite ratio of laser welded super duplex stainless steel, UNS S 32760 (Zeron 100). Bead-on-plate welding has been carried out using a 2 kW Nd-YAG laser with 3 different kinds of wave form, Continuous, Sine and Square wave. The weld metals were examined with respect to the phase volume contents by X-ray diffraction. Laser welding involved a large number of variables, interaction and levels of variables. Taguchi Method was selected and used to reduce the number of experimental conditions and to identify the dominant factors. The optimum combinations of controllable factors were found from each set of wave form. The optimum 40-60% ferrite-austenite ratio were realized on some of the combination parameter groups after using the Parameter Design method.

  13. Influence of thermal cycling on the microstructure of a ferritic-austenitic duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horvath, W.; Prantl, W.; Werner, E.; Stuewe, H.P. [Montanuniversitat Leoben (Austria). Inst. of Metal Physics] [Montanuniversitat Leoben (Austria). Inst. of Metal Physics

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of thermal cycling without any applied load on the microstructural features of a forged stainless ferritic-austenitic duplex steel was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. The steel was examined in uncycled and cycled conditions. Thermal cycling between 20 C and 900 C did not alter the volume fractions and the anisotropic grain structure of ferrite and austenite. On the other hand, thermal cycling has a strong influence on the dislocation arrangement in both phases. Three different types of precipitate were identified in the uncycled material. The amount of these particles was increased by thermal cycling. There was a strong evidence for the precipitation of {alpha}{prime} particles in the cycled material.

  14. Effect of temperature and strain rate on cavitation in a superplastic duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pulino-Sagradi, D.; Nazar, A.M.M.; Ammann, J.J.; Medrano, R.E. [State Univ. of Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil). Dept. of Materials Engineering] [State Univ. of Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil). Dept. of Materials Engineering

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of temperature and strain rate on cavitation during superplastic deformation of a duplex stainless steel has been studied at 1,223 K and 1,253 K for initial strain rates ranging from 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} s{sup {minus}1} to 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}3} s{sup {minus}1}. The cavitation was analyzed quantitatively for a specifically developed image processing technique that allows an accurate determination of the volume fraction and size distribution of the voids. The results show that increasing temperature and/or decreasing strain rate cause a more homogeneous deformation of the specimen characterized by a uniform size and distribution of the cavities. The increase of the strain rate results in an increase in cavity volume fraction related to more cavity nucleation and interlinkage. This reflects the lack of accommodation process during the mechanism of grain boundary sliding.

  15. Effect of {gamma} phase on corrosive wear of duplex stainless steel in sulfuric acid solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, X.C. [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). National Tribology Lab.; Li, S.Z.; Jiang, X.X.; Zhang, T.C. [Academia Sinica, Shenyang (China). Inst. of Metal Research

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A modified pin-on-ring device was used to study corrosive wear of a duplex stainless steel (DSS) containing ferrite ({alpha}) and austenite ({gamma}) phases in 1 mol/L sulfuric acid (H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) at room temperature. Different percentages of {gamma} phase in the matrix ({gamma}{sub p}) were obtained by annealing at different solution temperatures. The corrosive wear resistance of the DSS containing small amounts of {gamma} phase was shown to be greater than that of DSS containing large amounts of {gamma} phase under low loads (< 22 N), but the opposite was true under high loads (> 22 N). The same relationships between corrosive wear rate and load were found under cathodic protection at {minus}600 mV{sub SCE}. The morphologies of wear tracks and debris were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The influence of the amount of {gamma} phase in the matrix on hardness, corrosion, and corrosive wear resistance was evaluated.

  16. Critical stress for stress corrosion cracking of duplex stainless steel in sour environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miyasaka, A.; Kanamaru, T. [Nippon Steel Corp., Tokai, Aichi (Japan). Nagoya Research and Development Labs.; Ogawa, H. [Nippon Steel Corp., Futtsu, Chiba (Japan). Steel Research Labs.

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The critical stress for initiation of stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of a duplex stainless steel (DSS) in a sour environment was investigated using three stress application techniques: constant-strain, constant-load, and slow strain rate testing (SSRT). The critical stresses for SCC initiation as determined by detailed observation of the alloy surface after the three tests were in good agreement when a newly proposed index was adopted to express the SSRT results combined with crack observations for each test. The effect of cold work (CW) on SCC and pitting resistance of the DSS also was studied. CW did not accelerate SCC when initiation was controlled by pitting. The critical stress for SCC initiation increased with increasing CW and the resultant increase in yield stress.

  17. Direct observations of sigma phase growth and dissolution in 2205 duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, T.A.; Elmer, J.W.; Babu, S.S.; Specht, E.D. (LLNL); (ORNL)

    2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation and growth of sigma ({sigma}) phase in a 2205 duplex stainless steel is monitored during an 850 C isothermal heat treatment using an in situ synchrotron x-ray diffraction technique. At this temperature, {sigma} phase is first observed within approximately 40 seconds of the start of the isothermal heat treatment and grows rapidly over the course of the 3600 second heat treatment to a volume fraction of approximately 13%. A simultaneous increase in the austenite ({gamma}) volume fraction and a decrease in the ferrite ({delta}) volume fraction are observed. The {sigma} phase formed at this temperature is rapidly dissolved within approximately 200 seconds when the temperature is increased to 1000 C. Accompanying this rapid dissolution of the {sigma} phase, the {delta} and {gamma} volume fractions both approach the balanced (50/50) level observed in the as-received material.

  18. The 2005 Solar D House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    technologies and sustainable building materials. The Energy saving features of the house include, a 7.9 kW photovoltaic solar power system, evacuated tube heat pipe solar water collectors, a high efficiency HVAC system and an energy conserving design..., each of which designed, built, and operated a totally solar-powered home with a home office and their transportation needs using a solar-charged vehicle. Organized by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Renewable energy Laboratory...

  19. Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

    2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A Strategic Marketing Communications Plan for Charlies House Prepared and presented by: Melissa Kopp, Carrie Shoptaw and Aaron Patch School of Journalism and Mass Communications; Marketing Communications Capstone The University... 3 Team Credential Melissa Kopp is an advertising account executive for MMGY Global, a local agency specializing in travel marketing. Melissa earned a joint bachelors degree in International Studies and French from the University...

  20. The house of the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Learn what it will take to create tomorrow's net-zero energy home as scientists reveal the secrets of cool roofs, smart windows, and computer-driven energy control systems. The net-zero energy home: Scientists are working to make tomorrow's homes more than just energy efficient -- they want them to be zero energy. Iain Walker, a scientist in the Lab's Energy Performance of Buildings Group, will discuss what it takes to develop net-zero energy houses that generate as much energy as they use through highly aggressive energy efficiency and on-site renewable energy generation. Talking back to the grid: Imagine programming your house to use less energy if the electricity grid is full or price are high. Mary Ann Piette, deputy director of Berkeley Lab's building technology department and director of the Lab's Demand Response Research Center, will discuss how new technologies are enabling buildings to listen to the grid and automatically change their thermostat settings or lighting loads, among other demands, in response to fluctuating electricity prices. The networked (and energy efficient) house: In the future, your home's lights, climate control devices, computers, windows, and appliances could be controlled via a sophisticated digital network. If it's plugged in, it'll be connected. Bruce Nordman, an energy scientist in Berkeley Lab's Energy End-Use Forecasting group, will discuss how he and other scientists are working to ensure these networks help homeowners save energy.

  1. The house of the future

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Learn what it will take to create tomorrow's net-zero energy home as scientists reveal the secrets of cool roofs, smart windows, and computer-driven energy control systems. The net-zero energy home: Scientists are working to make tomorrow's homes more than just energy efficient -- they want them to be zero energy. Iain Walker, a scientist in the Lab's Energy Performance of Buildings Group, will discuss what it takes to develop net-zero energy houses that generate as much energy as they use through highly aggressive energy efficiency and on-site renewable energy generation. Talking back to the grid: Imagine programming your house to use less energy if the electricity grid is full or price are high. Mary Ann Piette, deputy director of Berkeley Lab's building technology department and director of the Lab's Demand Response Research Center, will discuss how new technologies are enabling buildings to listen to the grid and automatically change their thermostat settings or lighting loads, among other demands, in response to fluctuating electricity prices. The networked (and energy efficient) house: In the future, your home's lights, climate control devices, computers, windows, and appliances could be controlled via a sophisticated digital network. If it's plugged in, it'll be connected. Bruce Nordman, an energy scientist in Berkeley Lab's Energy End-Use Forecasting group, will discuss how he and other scientists are working to ensure these networks help homeowners save energy.

  2. Questions? E-mail housing@pdx.edu or call the Housing Office at (503) 725-4375 1 UNIVERSITY HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Questions? E-mail housing@pdx.edu or call the Housing Office at (503) 725-4375 1 UNIVERSITY HOUSING 2010--2011 Move In Guide Welcome to University Housing at Portland State! We are excited to have you & Unloading 4 Campus Map 5 What to Bring 6 Roommates 7 Housing Resources 8 Residence Life, Maintenance

  3. The Use of Color-Coded Duplex Scanning in the Selection of Patients with Lower Extremity Arterial Disease for Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty: A Prospective Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elsman, Bernard H.P. [Department of Vascular Surgery, Utrecht University Hospital, Heidelberglaan 100, NL-3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Legemate, Dink A. [Department of Surgery, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, NL-1105 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands); Heyden, Frank W.H.M. van der [Department of Vascular Surgery, Utrecht University Hospital, Heidelberglaan 100, NL-3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Vos, Henk de [Vascular Laboratory, Utrecht University Hospital, Heidelberglaan 100, NL-3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Mali, Willem P.T.M. [Department of Radiology, Utrecht University Hospital, Heidelberglaan 100, NL-3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands); Eikelboom, Bert C. [Department of Vascular Surgery, Utrecht University Hospital, Heidelberglaan 100, NL-3584 CX Utrecht (Netherlands)

    1996-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To exploit the potential benefits of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in patients with short obstructive lesions in the lower extremity, it is preferable to select patients suitable for PTA before proceeding to hospital admission and angiography. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the role of color-coded duplex scanning in the correct selection of patients for PTA and its influence on planning the approach to the lesion. Methods: On the basis of clinical history, physical examination, pressure indices, and ultrasound duplex scanning, 109 patients were scheduled for PTA. Results: The indication for PTA was correct in 103 patients (94%), while the procedure was performed successfully in 98 patients (90%). The approach to the lesion was planned successfully in the majority of patients. Conclusion: This study shows that it is justifiable to plan PTA on the basis of information obtained by duplex scanning. Results of the duplex scan may guide the catheterization route.

  4. The Absent House: The Ecological House of Puerto Rico

    High Performance Buildings Database

    Vega Alta, PR The Absent House takes advantage of the benevolent climate of the humid tropics of Puerto Rico to play with the ambiguity of interior and exterior spaces. Main spaces include: a kitchenette and master bathroom suite; a guest tower with a bedroom, bathroom, and small library; an open, public pavilion for cooking, dining, and porch activities; a bathroom for visitors; an infrastructure pavilion for electricity and water consumption management; and an organic garden. The Patio of the Sun and the Stars, the most important s

  5. Open House with Environmental Scientists

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible for RenewableSpeeding accessSpeedingOctoberResearchOpen Data Winners from theOpen House

  6. TEM microscopical examination of the magnetic domain boundaries in a super duplex austenitic-ferritic stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fourlaris, G.; Gladman, T. [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom); Maylin, M. [Holton Heath, Dorset (United Kingdom)] [and others

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been demonstrated in an earlier publication that significant improvements in the coercivity, maximum induction and remanence values can be achieved, by using a 2205 type Duplex austenitic-ferritic stainless steel (DSS) instead of the low alloy medium carbon steels currently being used. These improvements are achieved in the as received 2205 material, and after small amounts of cold rolling have been applied, to increase the strength. In addition, the modification of the duplex austenitic-ferritic microstructure, via a heat treatment route, results in a finer austenite `island` dispersion in a ferritic matrix and provides an attractive option for further modification of the magnetic characteristics of the material. However, the 2205 type DSS exhibits {open_quotes}marginal{close_quotes} corrosion protection in a marine environment, so that a study has been undertaken to examine whether the beneficial effects exhibited by the 2205 DSS, are also present in a 2507 type super-DSS.

  7. Exploring the enabling approach to housing through the Abuja Mass Housing Scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umoh, Nse (Nseabasi Effiong)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The magnitude of the housing problem in Nigeria is immense; the current deficit is around 12 to 16 million units. Government attempts to address housing availability has been a recurring theme throughout Nigeria's history. ...

  8. University of Pittsburgh SUMMER TERM HOUSING APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    SUMMER TERM HOUSING/FOOD SERVICES CONTRACT/Food Services Contract (this "Contract") is made by and between the University of Pittsburgh

  9. Federal Housing Administration's Energy Efficient Mortgage Program...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    which helps homebuyers or homeowners save money on utility bills by enabling them to finance the cost of adding energy efficiency features to new or existing housing. Authors:...

  10. International House Collection / William Black (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    International House Collection / William Black (collector) Revised by Erwin Wodarczak (2010 (collector). 1950-1953. 45 p. of textual records. Biographical Sketch Born in London, England, William

  11. International House Collection / Stanley Read (collector)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Todd C.

    International House Collection / Stanley Read (collector) Revised by Erwin Wodarczak (2010 (collector). - 1953-1955. 2 cm of textual records. Biographical Sketch Born in Quebec, Stanley Read earned

  12. Before the House Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program Planning Summary Before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii...

  13. Webinar: Leadership Recognition with Housing Innovation Awards

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Title: Leadership Recognition with Housing Innovation AwardsDate: Wednesday, May 21, 2014Time: 12:00PM - 1:00 PM EST

  14. Energy Efficient Affordable Housing Construction Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Commerce and Economic Opportunity (DCEO) provides grants through the Energy Efficient Affordable Housing Construction Program. Under this program, grants are provided to Illinois...

  15. Before the House Subcommittee on Investigations & Oversight ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Government Management, Organization, and Procurement...

  16. Evergreen Sustainable Development Standard for Affordable Housing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Washington State Department of Commerce created the Evergreen Sustainable Development Standard, a set of green building criteria that is required for any affordable housing project applying for...

  17. A process model for the heat-affected zone microstructure evolution in duplex stainless steel weldments: Part I. The model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemmer, H.; Grong, O.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present investigation is concerned with modeling of the microstructure evolution in duplex stainless steels under thermal conditions applicable to welding. The important reactions that have been modeled are the dissolution of austenite during heating, subsequent grain growth in the delta ferrite regime, and finally, the decomposition of the delta ferrite to austenite during cooling. As a starting point, a differential formulation of the underlying diffusion problem is presented, based on the internal-state variable approach. These solutions are later manipulated and expressed in terms of the Scheil integral in the cases where the evolution equation is separable or can be made separable by a simple change of variables. The models have then been applied to describe the heat-affected zone microstructure evolution during both thick-plate and thin-plate welding of three commercial duplex stainless steel grades: 2205, 2304, and 2507. The results may conveniently be presented in the form of novel process diagrams, which display contours of constant delta ferrite grain size along with information about dissolution and reprecipitation of austenite for different combinations of weld input energy and peak temperature. These diagrams are well suited for quantitative readings and illustrate, in a condensed manner, the competition between the different variables that lead to structural changes during welding of duplex stainless steels.

  18. Impact of graphite gasket/duplex stainless steel couples on crevice chemistry and likelihood of crevice attack in seawater

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turnbull, A. [National Physical Lab., Teddington (United Kingdom). Centre for Materials Measurement and Technology

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical polarization measurements have been made on a graphite laminate gasket and a super-duplex stainless steel (DSS) in deaerated IM NaCl solution over a range of pH. The open circuit potential of the graphite is significantly more noble than that of the duplex stainless steel and the kinetics of the hydrogen ion reduction are greater at potentials more positive than about 0.0 V SCE. The data were used as input to a model of crevice chemistry and predictions made for potentials up to +0.4 V SCE. For crevices of parallel plates of DSS-DSS and DSS-Plastic, the usual acidic conditions were predicted but for a DSS-Graphite combination the pH was predicted to be alkaline. The latter is a consequence of the enhanced kinetics for cathodic reduction of hydrogen ions and water on the graphite which, when contained within the crevice, act to elevate the pH. The predictions suggest that coupling to graphite, contained within the crevice, may act to prevent crevice corrosion initiation in contrast to the usual perception of behavior when coupling to more noble materials. In practice, there have been significant crevice corrosion failures of a super-duplex stainless steel associated with graphite gaskets. However, in all cases, the failures were in chlorinated systems for which the corrosion potentials are particularly high and beyond the range for which a benefit from graphite could be anticipated.

  19. Housing Polish Greenpoint: Property and Power in a Gentrifying Brooklyn Neighborhood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stabrowski, Filip

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    boom, a patchwork of housing. The New York Times. RetrievedD. (1982, September). Self-help housing, the commoditynature of housing and amelioration of the housing deficit:

  20. Housing & Residence Life Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    Housing & Residence Life Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Housing and Residence an Yes No Provide Housing account information necessary to allow them to make housing related payments on my behalf. Yes No Provide details of other Yes No Receive information to complete my Housing

  1. Housing Contract Termination Contract Termination Forms are available in the Office of University Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, Richard L.

    Housing Contract Termination Contract Termination Forms are available in the Office of University Housing in Norse Commons 101 Cancellations before the Beginning of the Academic Year: (A) A Resident may of cancellation must be made to the Office of University Housing to avoid additional cancellation charges. (C

  2. Effect of solution annealing temperature on precipitation in 2205 duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kashiwar, A., E-mail: akashiwar@gmail.com [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), South Ambazari Road, Nagpur-440010, Maharashtra (India); Vennela, N. Phani, E-mail: phanivennela@gmail.com [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), South Ambazari Road, Nagpur-440010, Maharashtra (India); Kamath, S.L., E-mail: kamath@iitb.ac.in [Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), Powai, Mumbai-400076, Maharashtra (India); Khatirkar, R.K., E-mail: rajesh.khatirkar@gmail.com [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology (VNIT), South Ambazari Road, Nagpur-440010, Maharashtra (India)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the present study, effect of solution annealing temperature (1050 Degree-Sign C and 1100 Degree-Sign C) and isothermal ageing (700 Degree-Sign C: 15 min to 6 h) on the microstructural changes in 2205 duplex stainless steel has been investigated systematically. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction were adopted to follow the microstructural evolution, while an energy dispersive spectrometer attached to scanning electron microscope was used to obtain localised chemical information of various phases. The ferritic matrix of the two phase 2205 duplex stainless steel ({approx} 45% ferrite and {approx} 55% austenite) undergoes a series of metallurgical transformations during ageing-formation of secondary austenite ({gamma}{sub 2}) and precipitation of Cr and Mo rich intermetallic (chi-{chi} and sigma-{sigma}) phases. For solution annealing at 1050 Degree-Sign C, significant amount of carbides were observed in the ferrite grains after 1 h of ageing at 700 Degree-Sign C. {chi} Phase precipitated after the precipitation of carbides-preferentially at the ferrite-ferrite and also at the ferrite-austenite boundaries. {sigma} Phase was not observed in significant quantity even after 6 h of ageing. The sequence of precipitation in samples solution annealed at 1050 Degree-Sign C was found to be carbides {yields} {chi} {yields} {sigma}. On the contrary, for samples solution annealed at 1100 Degree-Sign C, the precipitation of {chi} phase was negligible. {chi} Phase precipitated before {sigma} phase, preferentially along the ferrite-ferrite grain boundaries and was later consumed in the {sigma} phase precipitation. The {sigma} phase precipitated via the eutectoid transformation of ferrite to yield secondary austenite {gamma}{sub 2} and {sigma} phase in the ferrite and along the ferrite-austenite grain boundaries. An increase in the volume fraction of {gamma}{sub 2} and {sigma} phase with simultaneous decrease in the ferrite was evidenced with ageing. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Effect of solution annealing temperature on microstructural evolution is studied. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {chi} Phase precipitated preferentially in the samples solution annealed at 1050 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer {sigma} Phase precipitated preferentially in the samples solution annealed at 1100 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For SA at 1050 Degree-Sign C, the sequence of precipitation was carbides {yields} {chi} phase {yields} {sigma} phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For SA at 1100 Degree-Sign C, {sigma} phase precipitated via the eutectoid reaction: ferrite (F) {yields} {sigma} + {gamma}{sub 2}.

  3. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    The 2007 University of Texas Solar Decathlon House is called the BLOOMhouse because it represents the seed of new ideas for zero net energy housing. The University of Texas student team developed a prefabricated 7.9 kW stand-alone solar-powered...

  4. Caribbean House Patrick Brown, Faculty Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Caribbean House Patrick Brown, Faculty Director Jerry Aviles, Student Director Sonia Nelson, Student Director OVERVIEW The Caribbean House will be a phenomenal experience for everyone, not just the Caribbean culture and demonstrate the beautiful lifestyle that we try to live everyday. There is already

  5. Canada House Sarah Watson, Program Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Canada House Sarah Watson, Program Director Clifton Beach, Program Director OVERVIEW By becoming part of the Canadian House, students will learn about the culture of Canada and come to appreciate organizational structure will give a new perspective of what living in Canada is like for individuals like us

  6. Canada House Jonathon Wilkins, Student Director

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Canada House Jonathon Wilkins, Student Director Emily Phelps, Student Director OVERVIEW In the Canada House program, we will focus on three main focal aspects of Canada: geography, history and proactively all subjects related to Canada. We will view films on a regular basis and hold weekly meetings

  7. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -powered modular house that sits lightly on the land and forms the superstructure for photovoltaic technologies and a sustainable approach to the building envelope. The prefabricated house can be adapted to a specific site and modified for the needs of a different...

  8. Student Housing South Environmental Impact Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sze, Lawrence

    Appendices Student Housing South Environmental Impact Report APPENDIX A. NOTICE OF PREPARATION FOR THE DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT AND COMMENT LETTERS #12;Appendices Student Housing South Environmental Impact Report #12;NOTICE OF PREPARATION: DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT REPORT DATE: September 25, 2013 TO

  9. The Housing Transition in Mexico: Local Impacts of National Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monkkonen, Paavo

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    if the distribution of income and housing were independent.in entropy of income | housing, 1990-2000 (N = 128) ModelsMexican Mortgage Market. Housing Finance International 18(

  10. The Housing Policy Revolution by David J. Erickson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wegmann, Jake

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    current state of affordable housing in the United States.contributor to the ongoing housing policy debate that cannotBOOK REVIEW The Housing Policy Revolution By David J.

  11. Ventilation Effectiveness Research at UT-Typer Lab Houses

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ventilation Effectiveness Research at UT-Tyler Lab Houses Source Of Outside Air, Distribution, Filtration Armin Rudd Twin (almost) Lab Houses at UT-Tyler House 2: Unvented attic,...

  12. Greening the U.S. House of Representatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond,, Rick

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Officer, U.S. House of Representatives, June 21, 2007. Finalof the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Federal EnergyGreening the U.S. House of Representatives Rick Diamond and

  13. Greening the U.S. House of Representatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond,, Rick

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009. 2. Reduce the carbon footprint of the House by cuttingroadmap to reducing the carbon footprint of the House, whileGoal #2: Reduce the carbon footprint of the House by cutting

  14. Value of Duplex Ultrasound Assistance for Thromboaspiration and Dilation of Thrombosed Native Arterio-Venous Fistulae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia-Medina, J., E-mail: josegmedina57@gmail.com [Reina Sophia University Hospital, Vascular and Interventional Radiology Unit, Department of Radiology (Spain)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate the value of duplex ultrasound assistance during thromboaspiration of thrombosed arteriovenous fistulae for haemodialysis. Materials and Methods: We prospectively studied 54 thrombosed native fistulae (23 with total thrombosis and 31 with partial thrombosis), in which we performed manual thromboaspiration guided by ultrasonography associated with fluoroscopy. Results: The fistulae were located in the forearm (n = 39) or in the upper arm (n = 15) of 46 patients. Mean patient age was 65 years, and hypertension was the most common risk factor (74 %). Mean access age was 928 days (range 69-2,290), and most fistulae were on the left side (41 cases, 75.92 %). The success rate was 83 % in the total thrombosis group and 100 % in the partial thrombosis group. Including initial failures, the respective primary patency rates in the total thrombosis group and the partial thrombosis group were, respectively, 83 {+-} 8 % (n = 20) and 87 {+-} 6 % (n = 28) at 1 month, 39 {+-} 10 % (n = 10) and 61 {+-} 8 % (n = 20) at 6 months, and 17 {+-} 8 % (n = 5) and 26 {+-} 8 % (n = 9) at 1 year. The mean decrease of fluoroscopy time with ultrasound was 3 min (range 1-5). The mean decrease of radiation dose was 2.6 Gy cm Superscript-Two (range 0.9-4.3]. Conclusion: Ultrasound is a feasible and useful tool in the management of thrombosed native fistulae, thus decreasing radiation exposure, and has no detrimental effect on success rates.

  15. Influence of nitrogen in the shielding gas on corrosion resistance of duplex stainless steel welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhatt, R.B.; Kamat, H.S.; Ghosal, S.K.; De, P.K.

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of nitrogen in shielding gas on the corrosion resistance of welds of a duplex stainless steel (grade U-50), obtained by gas tungsten arc (GTA) with filler wire, autogenous GTA (bead-on-plate), electron beam welding (EBW), and microplasma techniques, has been evaluated in chloride solutions at 30 C. Pitting attack has been observed in GTA, electron beam welding, and microplasma welds when welding has been carried out using pure argon as the shielding gas. Gas tungsten arc welding with 5 to 10% nitrogen and 90 to 95% argon, as the shielding gas, has been found to result in an improved pitting corrosion resistance of the weldments of this steel. However, the resistance of pitting of autogenous welds (bead-on-plate) obtained in pure argon as the shielding gas has been observed to remain unaffected. Microscopic examination, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), and x-ray diffraction studies have revealed that the presence of nitrogen in the shielding gas in the GTA welds not only modifies the microstructure and the austenite to ferrite ratio but also results in a nearly uniform distribution of the various alloying elements, for example, chromium, nickel, and molybdenum among the constituent phases, which are responsible for improved resistance to pitting corrosion.

  16. Ferrite Measurement in Austenitic and Duplex Stainless Steel Castings - Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lundin, C.D.; Zhou, G.; Ruprecht, W.

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to determine ferrite rapidly, accurately and directly on a finished casting, in the solution annealed condition, can enhance the acceptance, save on manufacturing costs and ultimately improve service performance of duplex stainless steel cast products. If the suitability of a non-destructive ferrite determination methodology can be demonstrated for standard industrial measurement instruments, the production of cast secondary standards for calibration of these instruments is a necessity. With these concepts in mind, a series of experiments were carried out to demonstrate, in a non-destructive manner, the proper methodology for determining ferrite content. The literature was reviewed, with regard to measurement techniques and vagaries, an industrial ferrite measurement round-robin was conducted, the effects of casting surface finish, preparation of the casting surface for accurate measurement and the evaluation of suitable means for the production of cast secondary standards for calibration were systematically investigated. The data obtained from this research program provide recommendations to ensure accurate, repeatable, and reproducible ferrite measurement and qualifies the Feritscope for field use on production castings.

  17. Passivation and anodic oxidation of duplex TiN coating on stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rudenja, S.; Pan, J.; Wallinder, I.O.; Leygraf, C.; Kulu, P.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The passivation and anodic oxidation of duplex TiN coatings deposited by arc ion plating onto prenitrided AISI 304 stainless steel have been studied by potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and Mott-Schottky measurements in 0.1 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4} + 0.05 M HCl. The chemical composition of the oxidized surface film atop TiN was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Up to 1.2 V/SHE the TiN coating exhibits passive behavior, which is attributed to the formation of a TiO{sub 2}-like film of nanometer thickness which grows linearly with anodic potential at a rate of 2.4 nm/V. Above 1.2 V/SHE enhanced anodic oxidation of TiN is observed at a rate of 17.7 nm/V, and the overall corrosion performance is governed both by the oxidized TiN coating and by a metallic Ti interlayer atop the nitrided stainless steel substrate. At all potentials the TiO{sub 2} film is characterized by relatively high donor densities and is, furthermore, terminated by a hydroxylated surface.

  18. Effect of temperature and pH on cavitation erosion of super duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwok, C.T.; Man, H.C.; Leung, L.K. [Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ., Kowloon (Hong Kong)

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cavitation erosion characteristics of super duplex stainless steel (S32760) and austenitic stainless steel (S30400) in 3.5% NaCl solution with controlled temperature and pH value in the range of 10 to 70 C and pH 3 to 11 have been studied by means of a 20kHz ultrasonic vibrator at a peak to peak amplitude of 50 {micro}m. The erosion resistance of other stainless steels including S31803 and S31603 was also investigated for comparison purpose. Plots of cumulative erosion mass loss per unit area versus temperature for S32760 and S30400 indicate that the degree of erosion initially increases as the temperature increases from 10 C to 50 C and passes through a maximum at about 50 C and then decreases with further increase in temperature to 70 C. Results of cumulative erosion versus pH indicate that the degree of erosion of S32760 is more sensitive to pH value than that of S30400 at 23 C.

  19. Synchrotron Based Observations of Sigma Phase Formation and Dissolution in Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmer, J; Palmer, T; Specht, E

    2006-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation and growth of sigma ({sigma}) phase in 2205 duplex stainless steel was observed and measured in real time using synchrotron radiation during isothermal heat treating at temperatures between 700 C and 850 C. Synchrotron experiments were performed on this material at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) while isothermally holding the samples for times of up to 10 hr. During the isothermal hold, sigma formed in quantities up to 22% as the ferrite transformed to a mixture of sigma and austenite phases. In addition, sigma formed at 850 C was heated to 1000 C to observe its dissolution. The amounts of sigma that formed, and the dissolution temperature of sigma were compared to the results predicted by Thermocalc, showing differences between the calculated and measured values. The synchrotron data was further modeled using a modified Johnson-Mehl-Avrami analysis to determine kinetic parameters for sigma formation. The initial JMA exponent, n, at low fractions of sigma was found to be approximately 7.0, however, towards the end of the transformation, n decreased to values of approximately 0.75. Because of the variable value of n, it was not possible to determine reliable values for the activation energy and pre-exponential terms for the JMA equation. During cooling to room temperature, the high temperature austenite partially transformed to ferrite, substantially increasing the ferrite content while the sigma phase kept its high temperature value.

  20. Duplex stainless steel fracture surface analysis using X-ray fractography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajanna, K.; Pathiraj, B.; Kolster, B.H. [Foundation for Advanced Metals Science, Hengelo (Netherlands)

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The fatigue fracture surface of a duplex stainless steel was analyzed using x-ray fractography. A lower than average austenite content was observed at the fracture surface due to the transformation of austenite into deformation-induced martensite. The influence of fatigue cycling on the transformation was confined to a depth of about 30 {micro}m below the fracture surface. X-ray analyses of both the ferrite-martensite and the austenite phases indicated residual stresses ({sigma}{sub r}) increasing with depth from the fracture surface and reaching a maximum some tens of microns below the fracture surface. The lower {sigma}{sub r} observed at the fracture surface has been attributed to the stress relaxation effects caused by the new fracture surfaces created in the crack growth process. The observed decrease in full width at half maximum (FWHM) in the ferrite-martensite phase was presumed to be due to the dynamic recovery effect that was likely to occur within the material close to the crack tip as a consequence of fatigue cycling.

  1. SnO2:F Coated Duplex Stainless Steel for PEM Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, H.; Turner, J. A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex 2205 stainless steel was deposited with 0.6 {micro}m thick SnO2:F coating; coated steel was characterized for PEMFC bipolar plate application. Compared with bare alloy, interfacial contact resistance (ICR) values of the coated 2205 steel are higher. SnO2:F coating adds its own resistance to the air-formed film on the steel. In a PEMFC anode environment, a current peak of ca. 25 {micro}A/cm2 registered at ca. 30 min for coated 2205 steel. It stabilized at ca. 2.0 {approx} -1.0 {micro}A/cm2. This peak is related to the complicated process of coating dissolution and oxide-layer formation. Anodic-cathodic current transfer occurred at ca. 200 min polarization. In a PEMFC cathode environment, current was stable immediately after polarization. The stable current was ca. 0.5 {approx} 2.0 {micro}A/cm2 during the entire polarization period. AES depth profiles with tested samples and ICP analysis with the tested solutions confirmed the excellent corrosion resistance of the SnO2:F coated 2205 alloy in simulated PEMFC environments.

  2. Evolution of the residual stress state in a duplex stainless steel during loading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johansson, J.; Oden, M.; Zheng, X.H. (Linkoeping Univ. (Sweden). Div. of Engineering Materials)

    1999-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The evolution of micro- and macrostresses in a duplex stainless steel during loading has been investigated in situ by X-ray diffraction. A 1.5 mm cold-rolled sheet of alloy SAF 2304 solution treated at 1,050 C was studied. Owing to differences in the coefficient of thermal expansion between the two phases, compressive residual microstresses were found in the ferritic phase and balancing tensile microstresses in the austenitic phase. The initial microstresses were almost two times higher in the transverse direction compared to the rolling direction. During loading the microstresses increase in the macroscopic elastic regime but start to decrease slightly with increasing load in the macroscopic plastic regime. For instance, the microstresses along the rolling direction in the austenite increase from 60 MPa, at zero applied load, to 110 MPa, at an applied load of 530 MPa. At the applied load of 620 MPa a decrease of the microstress to 90 MPa was observed. During unloading from the plastic regime the microstresses increase by approximately 35 MPa in the direction of applied load but remain constant in the other directions. The initial stress state influences the stress evolution and even after 2.5% plastic strain the main contribution to the microstresses originates from the initial thermal stresses. Finite element simulations show stress variations within one phase and a strong influence of both the elastic and plastic anisotropy of the individual phases on the simulated stress state.

  3. The effect of the microstructure on the superplasticity of a duplex stainless steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sagradi, M.; Pulino-Sagradi, D.; Medrano, R.E. [Univ. Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil)] [Univ. Estadual de Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this work is to study the effect of the microstructure on the superplasticity of 22% Cr-5% Ni-3% Mo-0.18% N ferrite ({alpha})-austenite ({gamma}) duplex stainless steel. To obtain different microstructures several thermo-mechanical treatments were employed. Superplasticity was evaluated at 1,253 K by m-value measurements, elongation to failure, deformation homogeneity, and changes in microstructure after tensile tests. A maximum elongation of 1510% was reached with an initial strain rate of 3 {times} 10{sup {minus}4}/s. For this condition, the m-value attained 0.64 and necking was not verified. Higher degrees of superplasticity are obtained when the initial microstructure of the material is fine and homogeneous. Such microstructure can be obtained by a solution treatment in the {alpha}-single phase field, followed by a heavy cold rolling operation and a new solution treatment in the {alpha}/{gamma} dual phase field. The precipitation of {sigma}-phase during superplastic deformation promotes cavitation and decreases the deformation homogeneity and the elongation to failure.

  4. Synchrotron Based Observations of Sigma Phase Formation and Dissolution in Duplex Stainless Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmer, J. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Palmer, T. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Specht, Eliot D [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The formation and growth of sigma ({sigma}) phase in 2205 duplex stainless steel was observed and measured in real time using synchrotron radiation during isothermal heat treating at temperatures between 700 C and 850 C. Synchrotron experiments were performed on this material at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) while isothermally holding the samples for times of up to 10 hr. During the isothermal hold, sigma formed in quantities up to 22% as the ferrite transformed to a mixture of sigma and austenite phases. In addition, sigma formed at 850 C was heated to 1000 C to observe its dissolution. The amounts of sigma that formed, and the dissolution temperature of sigma were compared to the results predicted by Thermocalc, showing differences between the calculated and measured values. The synchrotron data was further modeled using a modified Johnson-Mehl-Avrami analysis to determine kinetic parameters for sigma formation. The initial JMA exponent, n, at low fractions of sigma was found to be approximately 7.0, however, towards the end of the transformation, n decreased to values of approximately 0.75. Because of the variable value of n, it was not possible to determine reliable values for the activation energy and pre-exponential terms for the JMA equation. During cooling to room temperature, the high temperature austenite partially transformed to ferrite, substantially increasing the ferrite content while the sigma phase kept its high temperature value.

  5. Phase transformation and mechanical behavior in annealed 2205 duplex stainless steel welds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Badji, Riad [LPMTM-CNRS- Universite Paris 13, 99, av. J.B. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France)], E-mail: riadbadji1@yahoo.fr; Bouabdallah, Mabrouk [Ecole Nationale Polytechnique, 10, Avenue Hassan Badi, BP 182, El Harrach (Algeria); Bacroix, Brigitte; Kahloun, Charlie [LPMTM-CNRS- Universite Paris 13, 99, av. J.B. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Belkessa, Brahim; Maza, Halim [Welding and NDT research Centre, B.P 64, Cheraga (Algeria)

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The phase transformations and mechanical behaviour during welding and subsequent annealing treatment of 2205 duplex stainless steel have been investigated. Detailed microstructural examination showed the presence of higher ferrite amounts in the heat affected zone (HAZ), while higher amounts of austenite were recorded in the centre region of the weld metal. Annealing treatments in the temperature range of 800-1000 deg. C resulted in a precipitation of {sigma} phase and M{sub 23}C{sub 6} chromium carbides at the {gamma}/{delta} interfaces that were found to be preferential precipitation sites. Above 1050 deg. C, the volume fraction of {delta} ferrite increases with annealing temperature. The increase of {delta} ferrite occurs at a faster rate in the HAZ than in the base metal and fusion zone. Optimal mechanical properties and an acceptable ferrite/austenite ratio throughout the weld regions corresponds to annealing at 1050 deg. C. Fractographic examinations showed that the mode of failure changed from quasi-cleavage fracture to dimple rupture with an increase in the annealing temperature from 850 to 1050 deg. C.

  6. Energy efficient industrialized housing research program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, R.; Brown, G.Z.; Finrow, J.; Kellett, R.; McDonald, M.; McGinn, B.; Ryan, P.; Sekiguchi, Tomoko (Oregon Univ., Eugene, OR (USA). Center for Housing Innovation); Chandra, S.; Elshennawy, A.K.; Fairey, P.; Harrison, J.; Mazwell, L.; Roland, J.; Swart, W. (Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (USA))

    1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the research work completed in five areas in fiscal year 1989. (1) The analysis of the US industrialized housing industry includes statistics, definitions, a case study, and a code analysis. (2) The assessment of foreign technology reviews the current status of design, manufacturing, marketing, and installation of industrialized housing primarily in Sweden and Japan. (3) Assessment of industrialization applications reviews housing production by climate zone, has a cost and energy comparison of Swedish and US housing, and discusses future manufacturing processes and emerging components. (4) The state of computer use in the industry is described and a prototype design tool is discussed. (5) Side by side testing of industrialized housing systems is discussed.

  7. New York Power Authority/New York City Housing Authority refrigerator replacement program, first program year evaluation. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kinney, L.F.; Lewis, G. [Synertech Systems Corp., Syracuse, NY (United States); Pratt, R.G.; Miller, J. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Acting as an energy services provider, the New York Power Authority (NYPA) has initiated a long-term project through which 20,000 refrigerators per year will be replaced with the most energy-efficient units possible in apartments managed by the New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA). Using bulk purchasing as an incentive to appliance manufacturers to produce energy-efficient refrigerators suitable for use in apartments, replaced in the first year of the program, which ended in December 1996. These units, kWh per year. Savings were determined by field testing and laboratory testing of 220 existing refrigerators and 56 newly-installed units. In the next program year, a 15.0-cubic-foot Maytag refrigerator, newly-designed in response to bulk purchasing incentives, is being installed. The new unit has a label rating of 437 kWh per year, 31 percent better than 1993 energy standards. Old refrigerators removed from apartments are {open_quotes}demanufactured{close_quotes} in an environmentally-appropriate way and both metals and refrigerants are recovered for reuse.

  8. Testimony Before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Testimony Before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development Testimony Before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development...

  9. 2014-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Manufactured Housing Working Group...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    4-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Manufactured Housing Working Group; Notice of Membership 2014-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Manufactured Housing Working Group; Notice of Membership This document...

  10. Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Cascade...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Publications Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Islip Housing Authority Energy Efficiency Turnover Protocols, Islip, New York Building America...

  11. ARIES: Building America, High Performance Factory Built Housing...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ARIES: Building America, High Performance Factory Built Housing - 2015 Peer Review ARIES: Building America, High Performance Factory Built Housing - 2015 Peer Review Presenter:...

  12. Los Angeles County's Green Idea House Achieves Efficient Goals...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    County's Green Idea House Achieves Efficient Goals Los Angeles County's Green Idea House Achieves Efficient Goals Photo of an energy-efficient home with modern architecture. The...

  13. Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy - House...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    House Energy and Commerce Committee Before the Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy - House Energy and Commerce Committee Testimony of Ernest Moniz, Secretary of Energy...

  14. Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region Passive Housing for an Aggressive Region July 17, 2012 - 1:59pm Addthis Lynn Meyer Presidential Management Fellow, Office of Energy...

  15. 2014 HAC Rural Housing Conference: Retool, Rebuild, Renew

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The biennial HAC Rural Housing Conference brings together stakeholders in the field of rural affordable housing from local nonprofits, federal agencies, Congress, state and local governments, and...

  16. CHIP House Takes Design to Different Heights (Literally)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Check out the SCI-Arc/Caltech 2011 Solar Decathlon team's house to find out more about their net-zero energy use home -- the CHIP House.

  17. Simulating a Nationally Representative Housing Sample Using EnergyPlus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Asa S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulating a Nationally Representative Housing Sample UsingSimulating a Nationally Representative Housing Sample Usingcalibrated, nationally representative set of simulated homes

  18. Before the House Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care ...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care & Entitlements - Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Before the House Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care &...

  19. Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power - House Energy and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - House Committee on Energy and Commerce Before the House Subcommittee on Energy Policy, Health Care & Entitlements - Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Before the...

  20. Before the Subcommittee on Energy -- House Science, Space, and...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    on Energy -- House Science, Space, and Technology Committee 7-25-13ChristopherSmith FT HSST.pdf More Documents & Publications Before the House Energy and Commerce...

  1. Rural Development Multi-Family Housing Energy Efficiency Initiative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    USDA housing programs to increase their program funding eligibility by incorporating green building practices into project designs, construction, and operations. Housing...

  2. White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department Release New Report on Resiliency of Electric Grid During Natural Disasters White House Council of Economic Advisers and...

  3. Buffalo Pushes Energy-Efficient Affordable Housing in New York...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Buffalo Pushes Energy-Efficient Affordable Housing in New York Buffalo Pushes Energy-Efficient Affordable Housing in New York Better Buildings Residential Network member PUSH...

  4. Before the House Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Investigations and Oversight Before the House Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight Before the House Science, Space, and Technology...

  5. Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Science and Technology Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Statement Before the Committee On...

  6. Before the Subcommittee on Strategic Forces - House Armed Services...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    FT HASC More Documents & Publications Before the House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on Government Management, Organization, and Procurement Before the House...

  7. Before the House Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Before House Subcommittee on Energy and Power and Subcommittee on Oversight and...

  8. Before House Subcommittee on Energy and Power and Subcommittee...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Presentation: DOE Loan Programs Before the House Science, Space, and Technology...

  9. Before the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and...

  10. Before the House Science and Technology, Subcommittee on Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technology, Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Science and Technology, Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Science and Technology,...

  11. Testimony Before the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Testimony Before the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Energy and Environment Before the House Energy and...

  12. Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Testimony of...

  13. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Housing and Urban Development The mission of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality...

  14. White House Announces New Executive Order To Reduce Greenhouse...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    White House Announces New Executive Order To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Federal Government White House Announces New Executive Order To Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions...

  15. Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Testimony of Elliot E....

  16. Before Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Before Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Testimony of Mark Gabriel,...

  17. Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources Committee Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources Committee Testimony of William K....

  18. Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Committee on Natural Resources Testimony of Mark A....

  19. Before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Power - Committee...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    House Subcommittee on Energy and Power - Committee on Energy and Commerce Before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Power - Committee on Energy and Commerce Testimony of Adam...

  20. Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Water and Power - House Natural Resources Committee Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources Committee Testimony of Kenneth E. Legg, Administrator SEPA...

  1. Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Energy and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Energy and Natural Resources Committee Before The Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Energy and Natural Resources Committee...

  2. Before the Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Water, Power, and Oceans House Natural Resources Committee Before the Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Natural Resources Committee Testimony of Elliot E. Mainzer,...

  3. Before the Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans - House Natural...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Water, Power, and Oceans - House Natural Resources Committee Before the Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans - House Natural Resources Committee Testimony of Kenneth E. Legg,...

  4. The Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Committee...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    The Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Committee on Natural Resources The Subcommittee on Water, Power, and Oceans House Committee on Natural Resources Testimony of...

  5. Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    House Natural Resources Committee Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power - House Natural Resources Committee Testimony of Christopher M. Turner, Administrator SWPA Before the...

  6. Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Hydronic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Hydronic Heating Coil Versus Propane Furnace (Fact Sheet) Building America Whole-House Solutions for New Homes: Hydronic...

  7. CLEAN CAST STEEL TECHNOLOGY: DETERMINATION OF TRANSFORMATION DIAGRAMS FOR DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chumbley. L., S.

    2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplex stainless steels (DSS) constitute both ferrite and austenite as a matrix. Such a microstructure confers a high corrosion resistance with favorable mechanical properties. However, intermetallic phases such as sigma (???????????????¯??????????????????????????????³) and chi (???????????????¯??????????????????????????????£) can also form during casting or high-temperature processing and can degrade the properties of the DSS. This research was initiated to develop time-temperature-transformation (TTT) and continuous-cooling- transformation (CCT) diagrams of two types of cast duplex stainless steels, CD3MN (Fe 22Cr-5Ni-Mo-N) and CD3MWCuN (Fe-25Cr-7Ni-Mo-W-Cu-N), in order to understand the time and temperature ranges for intermetallic phase formation. The alloys were heat treated isothermally or under controlled cooling conditions and then characterized using conventional metallographic methods that included tint etching, and also using electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and wavelength dispersive spectroscopy (WDS). The kinetics of intermetallic-phase (???????????????¯??????????????????????????????³ + ???????????????¯??????????????????????????????£) formation were analyzed using the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) equation in the case of isothermal transformations and a modified form of this equation in the case of continuous cooling transformations, The rate of intermetallic-phase formation was found to be much faster in CD3MWCuN than CD3MN due mainly to differences in the major alloying contents such as Cr, Ni and Mo. To examine in more detail the effects of these elements of the phase stabilities, a series of eight steel castings was designed with the Cr, Ni and Mo contents systematically varied with respect to the nominal composition of CD3MN. The effects of varying the contents of alloying additions on the formation of intermetallic phases were also studied computationally using the commercial thermodynamic software package, Thermo-Calc. In general, ???????????????¯??????????????????????????????³ was stabilized with increasing Cr addition and by increasing Mo addition. However, a delicate balance among Ni and other minor elements such as N and Si also exists. Phase equilibria in DSS can be affected by local composition fluctuations in the cast alloy. This may cause discrepancy between thermodynamic prediction and experimental observation.

  8. Evaluation of Oxidation and Hydrogen Permeation of Al Containing Duplex Stainless Steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, Thad M.; Korinko, Paul; Duncan, Andrew

    2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    As the National Hydrogen Economy continues to develop and evolve the need for structural materials that can resist hydrogen assisted degradation will become critical. To date austenitic stainless steel materials have been shown to be mildly susceptible to hydrogen attack which results in lower mechanical and fracture strengths. As a result, hydrogen permeation barrier coatings are typically applied to these steel to retard hydrogen ingress. The focal point of the reported work was to evaluate the potential for intentional alloying of commercial 300-series stainless steels to promote hydrogen permeation resistant oxide scales. Previous research on the Cr- and Fe-oxide scales inherent to 300-series stainless steels has proven to be inconsistent in effecting permeation resistance. The approach undertaken in this research was to add aluminum to the 300-series stainless steels in an attempt to promote a pure Al-oxide or and Al-rich oxide scale. Aloxide had been previously demonstrated to be an effective hydrogen permeation barrier. Results for 304L and 347H alloys doped with Al in concentration from 0.5-3.0 wt% with respect to oxidation kinetic studies, cyclic oxidation and characterization of the oxide scale chemistry are reported herein. Gaseous hydrogen permeation testing of the Al-doped alloys in both the unoxidized and oxidized (600 C, 30 mins) conditions are reported. A critical finding from this work is that at concentration as low as 0.5 wt% Al, the Al stabilizes the ferrite phase in these steels thus producing duplex austenitic-ferritic microstructures. As the Al-content increases the amount of measured ferrite increases thus resulting in hydrogen permeabilities more closely resembling ferritic steels.

  9. Duplex Stirling gas-fired heat pump. Phase 2. Breadboard demonstration. Final report, May 1981-November 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gedeon, D.; Penswick, B.; Beale, W.

    1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This program represents the first attempt to design, fabricate, and test a breadboard gas-fired duplex Stirling heat pump in a heating only mode. The system was designed to obtain a COP of 1.5 at an ambient temperature of 17F and have an output sufficient for an average residential home. The design methodology, detailed system description and test results for sub components and the entire system are discussed. Technical problems encountered in the program, and recommendations for further efforts are detailed.

  10. In-Situ Observations of Sigma Phase Dissolution in 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel using Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmer, J; Palmer, T; Specht, E

    2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchrotron radiation was used to directly observe the transformation of ferrite, austenite and sigma phases during heating and cooling of 2205 duplex stainless steel. Sigma formed during the initial stages of heating, dissolved as the temperature was increased, and reformed on cooling. The dissolution temperature of sigma was measured to be 985 C {+-} 2.8 C at a heating rate of 0.25 C/s, and the kinetics of sigma formation at 850 C was determined to be slower after dissolving at 1000 C than before.

  11. In-Situ Observations of Sigma Phase Dissolution in 2205 Duplex Stainless Steel Using Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elmer, J. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Palmer, T. A. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Specht, Eliot D [ORNL

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchrotron radiation was used to directly observe the transformation of ferrite, austenite and sigma phases during heating and cooling of 2205 duplex stainless steel. Sigma formed during the initial stages of heating, dissolved as the temperature was increased, and reformed on cooling. The dissolution temperature of sigma was measured to be 985 2.8 C at a heating rate of 0.25 C/s, and the kinetics of sigma formation at 850 Cwas determined to be slower after dissolving at 1000 C than before.

  12. Incremental housing at the receding suburban fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamb, Zachary B

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The years from 2005-2010 brought two major events that shook the basic assumptions underlying housing delivery in the United States of America. First, Hurricane Katrina and the catastrophic flooding of New Orleans that ...

  13. Domestically dextrous : embedded computing for senior housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Legband, Neil (Neil Robert)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes a new home for the aging baby boomers. The US is about to see a massive influx in the elderly population, and the current model of housing the elderly is woefully unprepared. The boomer generation has ...

  14. Redefining Housing Market Areas in Scotland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muir, Christopher Iain

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research aims to address some of the limitations inherent in the methods currently used for identification of Housing Market Areas (HMAs) in Scotland. Firstly the conventionally defined geography of HMAs for the four ...

  15. 2014 White House Tribal Nations Conference

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    On Wednesday, December 3, President Obama will host the 2014 White House Tribal Nations Conference at the Capital Hilton in Washington, DC. The conference will provide leaders from the 566...

  16. Retrofitting the Southeast: The Cool Energy House

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zoeller, W.; Shapiro, C.; Vijayakumar, G.; Puttagunta, S.

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings has provided the technical engineering and building science support for a highly visible demonstration home in connection with the National Association of Home Builders' International Builders Show. The two previous projects, the Las Vegas net-zero ReVISION House and the 2011 VISION and ReVISION Houses in Orlando, met goals for energy efficiency, cost effectiveness, and information dissemination through multiple web-based venues. This project, which was unveiled at the 2012 International Builders Show in Orlando on February 9, is the deep energy retrofit Cool Energy House (CEH). The CEH began as a mid-1990s two-story traditional specification house of about 4,000 ft2 in the upscale Orlando suburb of Windermere.

  17. The California Economy: Singing the Housing Blues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberg, Christopher

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THECALIFORNIAECONOMY:SINGINGTHEHOUSING BLUESMany parts of the economy are doing better thantowards2007theentireeconomyisbeingthreatenedbythe

  18. Housing Policy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    How to cite this article Quigley, John M. "housing policy inPolicy Debate 7, 67393. Quigley, J. 2000. A decent home:Affairs 1(1), 53100. Quigley, J. and Raphael, S. 2004. Is

  19. A Decent Home: Housing Policy in Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hanushek, Eric A. , and John M. Quigley. 1981. ConsumptionKatherine M. , and John M. Quigley. 1999. Accessibility andHousing and Urban Policy. John M. Quigley U.S. Congressional

  20. Housing Policy in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to cite this article Quigley, John M. "housing policy in theHE N EW P ALGRAVE ) By John M. Quigley May 2008 These papersin the United States John M. Quigley From The New Palgrave

  1. Order and chaos : articulating support, housing transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boehm, William Hollister

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an exploration on the theme of order and chaos, as a formal and social phenomenon, particularly as it relates to housing. The work stems from an attraction to the messy vitality we find in certain ...

  2. Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Bomee

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

  3. Demonstrating Modernism: Richard Neutra's Early Model Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltakian, Danielle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    overlook the interior and exterior spaces of the home (Fig.the Beard House the exterior space is located on the roofthe two figures in the exterior space. The doll located in

  4. Housing Innovation Awards at the Solar Decathlon

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Energy Efficiency Market Buildings.Energy.gov Housing Innovation Awards at the Solar Decathlon Breakfast Presented by BASF Friday, October 4, 2013 8:30-10:30 a.m. Historic...

  5. Demonstrating Modernism: Richard Neutra's Early Model Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peltakian, Danielle

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutra, Design for the General Electric Companys SmallNeutra, Design for the General Electric Companys Smallsubmitted to the General Electric Companys Small House

  6. " Million U.S. Housing Units,...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Housing Units, Final" ,,"Household Income" ,"Total U.S.1 (millions)",,,"Below Poverty Line2" "Structural and Geographic Characteristics",,"Less than 20,000","20,000 to...

  7. Achieving Sustainable Construction in Affordable Housing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barcik, M.K.; Creech, D.B.; Ternes, M.P.

    1998-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An energy-efficient design and construction checklist and information sheets on energy-efficient design and construction are two products being developed. These products will help affordable housing providers take the first steps toward a whole-house approach to the design and implementation of energy-efficient construction practices. The checklist presents simple and clear guidance on energy improvements that can be readily addressed now by most affordable housing providers. The information sheets complement the checklist by providing installation instructions and material specifications that are accompanied by detailed graphics. The information sheets also identify benefits of recommended energy-efficiency measures and procedures including cost savings and impacts on health and comfort. This paper presents details on the checklist and information sheets and discusses their use in two affordable housing projects.

  8. Affordable Housing for Artists: A Sustainable Prototype

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, M.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although many architects and builders feel that designing for both sustainability and affordability is impossible, I believe that the only way we can afford to live is sustainably. Through the design of housing for artists, this thesis...

  9. City of Indianapolis- EcoHouse Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In June 2011, the City of Indianapolis announced the availability of the EcoHouse Project, an energy-efficiency loan program for medium- and low-income homeowners in Indianapolis. The Indianapolis...

  10. Energy efficient industrialized housing research program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berg, R.; Brown, G.Z.; Finrow, J.; Kellett, R.; Mc Donald, M.; McGinn, B.; Ryan, P.; Sekiguchi, T. (Oregon Univ., Eugene, OR (USA). Center for Housing Innovation); Chandra, S.; Elshennawy, A.K.; Fairey, P.; Harrison, J.; Maxwell, L.; Roland, J.; Swart, W. (Florida Solar Energy Center, Cape Canaveral, FL (USA))

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the second volume of a two volume report on energy efficient industrialized housing. Volume II contains support documentation for Volume I. The following items are included: individual trip reports; software bibliography; industry contacts in the US, Denmark, and Japan; Cost comparison of industrialized housing in the US and Denmark; draft of the final report on the systems analysis for Fleetwood Mobile Home Manufacturers. (SM)

  11. Energy Efficient Industrialized Housing Research Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six area reported progress in the Energy Efficient Industrialized Housing Research Program during FY 1991. As part of Industry Guidance, meetings were held with steering and technical committees in computers, housing design and manufacturing. This task area enables the program to benefit from the expertise of industry representatives and communicate research results directly to them. As part of the Design Process performance specifications were being developed for the future housing system designed last year. These house designs coordinate and optimize predicted and desirable advances in computerized design processes, materials, components, and manufacturing automation to achieve energy efficiency at reduced first cost. Energy design software were being developed for CAD systems, stressed skin insulating core panel manufacturers; and a prototype energy sales tool. A prototype design was to be developed to integrate one or more subsystems with the building skin. As part of the Manufacturing Process we are developing a manufacturing process simulation and data base to help current and new entrants to the industrialized housing industry in assessing the impact of implementing new manufacturing techniques. For Evaluation we are developing testing plans for six units of housing on the UO campus and the stressed skin insulating core house to be constructed in Oregon. The DOW Chemical test structure will be retrofitted with a tile roof and retested to compare to the dome and conventional construction structures. Calibration of the wind tunnel will be completed so that laboratory tests can be conducted to simulate the ventilation cooling efficiency of houses in design. Research utilization and program management were either aspects of this program.

  12. iDeKalb Housing information Project executive summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    iDeKalb Housing information Project executive summary In the spring of 2012, the City of DeKalb, launched a project to develop a comprehensive housing database and related analytical and reporting tools is a housing database with information describing the available housing stock (i.e., number, size, geographic

  13. GCREC Housing Handbook Last Revision 9/19/2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    GCREC Housing Handbook Last Revision 9/19/2011 Contents Disclosure GCREC Administration Housing Policies Resident Policies Rule Enforcement Checkout Procedures Student Housing Policy Agreement #12 as a high level of convenience for the work you are coming to do. Our housing offers occupancy of up to 8

  14. EXHIBITION INSTALLATION AND DISMANTLING Item Handling and Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    EXHIBITION INSTALLATION AND DISMANTLING Item Handling and Housing A. For general handling's and Don'ts. B. For examples of housing options and alternatives for paper artifacts, see Housing and Environment Options for Display, Housing and Environment Options for Storage, or consult a conservator. 1. All

  15. Housing&Residential Life booklet 2012-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Housing&Residential Life booklet 2012-2013 Application Contract www.housing.umn.edu/applying apply for housing! University of Minnesota Twin Cities Living and Learning on Campus #12;2 The University of Minnesota Housing & Residential Life AppliCAtion informAtion pAyment informAtion Assignment informAtion move

  16. housing.ucdavis.edu Living at UC Davis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    housing.ucdavis.edu Living at UC Davis Residence Halls Living at UC Davis STUDENT HOUSING #12;2 Every year, Student Housing is home to over 6000 UC Davis students, most of whom are first-year freshmen and transfer students who live in the residence halls. Living in Student Housing is not required; however, most

  17. Co-Ops Handbook UC Davis Student Housing 2014 -2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernes, Peter J.

    Co-Ops Handbook UC Davis Student Housing 2014 - 2015 Alcohol - Residents and visitors must abide as any area outside of the house, including the parking lot or gardens. Alcohol may be consumed Student Housing. Student Housing will verify the applicants' student status and determine eligibility

  18. USER SATISFACTION WITH INNOVATIVE COOLING RETROFITS IN SACRAMENTO PUBLIC HOUSING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Richard

    and a housing authority have been retrofitting their buildings with evaporative coolers, ground-source heatpumps

  19. Housing & Residential Services Room and Board Rates 20112012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    Housing & Residential Services Room and Board Rates 2011­2012 Campus housing offers a variety, please view the Housing & Residential Services website at: housing.iit.edu. McCormick Student Village to participate in the Residential 5 meal plan. Winter Break is included in MSV, Gunsaulus Hall and SSV. DAS room

  20. 2012-2013 Housing Lottery & Room Selection Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rusu, Adrian

    2012-2013 Housing Lottery & Room Selection Information Residential Learning & University Housing Room Selection Profile Deadline to Apply for 2012-2013 Housing Lottery Room Selection Begins March 9th housing for 2012-2013 must apply online: www.rowan.edu/rluh/roomselection Due to high demand