Users Gain Elevated Privileges | Department of Energy 4: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Heap Overflow Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges V-134: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Heap Overflow Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges April 15, 2013 - 1:30am Addthis PROBLEM: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Heap Overflow Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges PLATFORM: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Cisco Secure Desktop ABSTRACT: Some vulnerabilities
4: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Heap Overflow Lets Local Users Gain Elevated Privileges V-134: Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client Heap Overflow Lets Local Users ...
Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client contains a vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a targeted system. The vulnerability exists due to improper validation of program executables downloaded by the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client. An unauthenticated, remote attacker could exploit the vulnerability by convincing the targeted user to view a malicious website. If successful, the attacker could execute arbitrary code on the system with the privileges of the user. Cisco confirmed the vulnerability in a security advisory and released software updates.
Energy 6: Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client Two Vulnerabilities U-196: Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client Two Vulnerabilities June 21, 2012 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Two vulnerabilities have been reported in Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client, which can be exploited by malicious people to compromise a user's system. PLATFORM: Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client 2.x Cisco AnyConnect VPN Client 3.x ABSTRACT: The Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client is affected by the following vulnerabilities: Cisco AnyConnect Secure
... An attacker could create a malicious web page that looks like the normal VPN web login ... This arbitrary executable would be executed with the same operating system privileges ...
Allen, M.S. )
This paper reports that mobile security systems are becoming increasingly important to military (Army, Air Force) and non-military (Drug Enforcement Agency, Border Patrol) organizations as the level and sophistication of terrorist activity increases. Frequently, organizations are required to deploy at remote sites on little notice. To ensure protection of life and equipment, security systems are sometimes required. Often, the personnel deployed on these missions are not adequately trained in the selection, installation, and operation of today's complex security equipment. The Intelligent Mobile Security System (IMSS) concept, as being developed by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), allows untrained, non-technical personnel to configure, deploy, operate, and troubleshoot temporary/mobile physical security system. The IMSS may be used at nuclear facilities.
Link, Hamilton E.; Schroeppel, Richard Crabtree; Neumann, William Douglas; Campbell, Philip LaRoche; Beaver, Cheryl Lynn; Pierson, Lyndon George; Anderson, William Erik
If software is designed so that the software can issue functions that will move that software from one computing platform to another, then the software is said to be 'mobile'. There are two general areas of security problems associated with mobile code. The 'secure host' problem involves protecting the host from malicious mobile code. The 'secure mobile code' problem, on the other hand, involves protecting the code from malicious hosts. This report focuses on the latter problem. We have found three distinct camps of opinions regarding how to secure mobile code. There are those who believe special distributed hardware is necessary, those who believe special distributed software is necessary, and those who believe neither is necessary. We examine all three camps, with a focus on the third. In the distributed software camp we examine some commonly proposed techniques including Java, D'Agents and Flask. For the specialized hardware camp, we propose a cryptographic technique for 'tamper-proofing' code over a large portion of the software/hardware life cycle by careful modification of current architectures. This method culminates by decrypting/authenticating each instruction within a physically protected CPU, thereby protecting against subversion by malicious code. Our main focus is on the camp that believes that neither specialized software nor hardware is necessary. We concentrate on methods of code obfuscation to render an entire program or a data segment on which a program depends incomprehensible. The hope is to prevent or at least slow down reverse engineering efforts and to prevent goal-oriented attacks on the software and execution. The field of obfuscation is still in a state of development with the central problem being the lack of a basis for evaluating the protection schemes. We give a brief introduction to some of the main ideas in the field, followed by an in depth analysis of a technique called 'white-boxing'. We put forth some new attacks and improvements
Security refers to the security of the stream of principal and interest repayments and what happens in the event that a secured loan defaults.
exan-Calvin-Nelson-secures-recognition-for-expertise.aspx">Pantex website. Apex Gold discussion fosters international cooperation in run-up to 2016 Nuclear Security Summit...
Apex Gold discussion fosters international cooperation in run-up to 2016 Nuclear Security Summit...
and mobile detection systems), and the ... Homeland Security Technology Program. "With its remote location, highly ... Infrastructure Resilience Conference and Expo. ...
of physical security of radiological materials;
The directive will ensure that federal organizations and employees within the Department can use mobile technology to support mission requirements in a safe and secure manner.
Instructions for using a Cryptocard Download the VPN Client VPN client downloads (login required) Instructions AnyConnect Client For laptop or desktop For mobile devices IpSec ...
The Office of Security Policy analyzes, develops and interprets safeguards and security policy governing national security functions and the protection of related critical assets entrusted to the...
This position is located in the Security and Continuity of Operations (NN) organization of the Chief Administrative Office (N), Bonneville Power Administration. The Security and Continuity of...
National Security and Cyber Security National Security and Cyber Security National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Contact thumbnail of Business Development Business Development Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation (505) 665-9090 Email National security and weapons science at the laboratory spans essentially all the
9/2014 SEARCH SRNL GO SRNL Home Mobile Plutonium Facility Medical Isotope Production National Security Science and Innovation National Security Tritium Stewardship Non-Proliferation Nuclear Materials Recovery Homeland Security Forensics/Law Enforcement Atmospheric Technologies Throughout its history, SRNL has strongly supported the national defense through its capabilities and experience in defense, homeland security, and nuclear material issues. Since its earliest days, SRNL has developed
Safety, Security Safety, Security The Lab's mission is to develop and apply science and technology to ensure the safety, security, and reliability of the U.S. nuclear deterrent; reduce global threats; and solve other emerging national security and energy challenges. Contact Operator Los Alamos National Laboratory (505) 667-5061 We do not compromise safety for personal, programmatic, or operational reasons. Safety: we integrate safety, security, and environmental concerns into every step of our
Security Perimeter Security Perimeter Protecting the Laboratory against threats and vulnerabilities. Contact Security Perimeter Coordinators Email The security perimeter helps to protect the Laboratory Vehicle Access Portal graphic The security perimeter is intended to protect the Laboratory against the possibility of terrorist attacks. At each point of the perimeter, access is controlled by vehicle access portals (VAPs) at the following locations: East Jemez Road VAPs (pdf) (shown above) West
4, 2010: Robot on Security Patrol October 4, 2010: Robot on Security Patrol October 4, 2010: Robot on Security Patrol October 4, 2010 The Department's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) announces that the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) has brought the first of three Mobile Detection Assessment Response System robots online to improve security patrols at remote portions of NNSS. The robots operate at speeds of up to 20 miles per hour and can go for more than half a day of
security NNSA Announces 2015 Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year Awards WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) announced the recipients of the Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year Awards. Joseph Houghton from the Los Alamos Field Office will receive... Apex Gold discussion fosters international cooperation in run-up to 2016 Nuclear Security Summit
SunShot Grand Challenge: Regional Test Centers Water Security HomeTag:Water Security Electricity use by water service sector and county. Shown are electricity use by (a) ...
Administration | (NNSA) Programs / Nonproliferation / Global Material Security / Radiological Security Radiological Security Partnership Radiological Security Partnership Secure Your Business, Your Community, and Your Country. Sign Up Today for Services Provided by the Radiological Security Partnership. RSP Logo Initiative of the Global Material Security Program Formerly the Global Threat Reduction Initiative RSP Registration RSP More Info Learn More Radiological Security Partnership
Security Complex Y-12 National Security Complex Completes W69 Dismantlement
Patrick Lynch helps technical staff, academic leaders and governments around the world improve the safety and security of their nuclear power programs.
5%2A en Physical Security Systems http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsnuclearsecurityphysicalsecuritysystems
Water Security - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us ... Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 ...
and Small Modular reactors projects. the collaboration takes place under the umbrella of a joint oUSnl "Center for Energy, Security and Society". the Center serves to...
Patrick Lynch helps technical staff, academic leaders and governments around the world improve the safety and security of their nuclear power programs.
These positions are located in the Office of Enterprise Assessments (EA), Office of Security Enforcement. A successful candidate in this position will rovide technical assistance to the Director,...
all of our reactor designs employ a concurrent engineering approach that addresses the integration of safety, operations, security, and safeguards from the conceptual design level. Capabilities include core design, thermal hydraulics, waste characterization, simulator development, and severe service and accident testing. Design assessments include: safety, security, vulnerability, siting, emergency planning, and fuel cycle impact. organization 6221 serves as a window to sister organizations
The future of physical security at government facilities and national laboratories is rapidly progressing beyond the clichĂ© of gates, guns and guards, and is quickly being replaced by radars, sensors and cameras. Learn more about INL's security research at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.
Radiological Security Program Armenia Secures Dangerous Radioactive Sources in Cooperation with NNSA The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) ...
About Our Programs Defense Programs Nuclear Security Enterprise The Nuclear Security Enterprise (NSE) mission is to ensure the Nation sustains a safe, secure, and effective ...
This Notice ensures that DOE uniformly meets the requirements of the Homeland Security Advisory System outlined in Homeland Security Presidential Directive-3, Threat Conditions and Associated Protective Measures, dated 3-11-02, and provides responses specified in Presidential Decision Directive 39, U.S. Policy on Counterterrorism (U), dated 6-21-95. It cancels DOE N 473.8, Security Conditions, dated 8-7-02. Extended until 7-7-06 by DOE N 251.64, dated 7-7-05 Cancels DOE N 473.8
computer security Computer Security All JLF participants must fully comply with all LLNL computer security regulations and procedures. A laptop entering or leaving B-174 for the sole use by a US citizen and so configured, and requiring no IP address, need not be registered for use in the JLF. By September 2009, it is expected that computers for use by Foreign National Investigators will have no special provisions. Notify firstname.lastname@example.org of all other computers entering, leaving, or being moved
Dunigan, T.H.; Venugopal, N.
This research investigates techniques for providing privacy, authentication, and data integrity to PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine). PVM is extended to provide secure message passing with no changes to the user`s PVM application, or, optionally, security can be provided on a message-by message basis. Diffe-Hellman is used for key distribution of a single session key for n-party communication. Keyed MD5 is used for message authentication, and the user may select from various secret-key encryption algorithms for message privacy. The modifications to PVM are described, and the performance of secure PVM is evaluated.
These positions are located in the Office of Enterprise Assessments (EA), Office of Security Enforcement. A successful candidate in this position will serve as a senior staff member of the Office...
The manual establishes the overall objectives and requirements for the Department of Energy Personnel Security Program. Cancels DOE M 472.1-1B. Canceled by DOE O 472.2.
The protection and control of classified information is critical to our nation’s security. This Order establishes requirements and responsibilities for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), to protect and control classified information as required by statutes, regulation, Executive Orders, government-wide policy directives and guidelines, and DOE policy and directives. Cancels DOE M 470.4-4A Chg except for Section D.
Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Energy Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear Energy
for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2013-7809W to enhance the nation's security and prosperity through sustainable, transformative approaches to our most challenging energy, climate, and infrastructure problems. vision Important applications of these capabilities include performing assessment of facility vulnerabilities and resultant consequences of a range of attack scenarios related to nuclear facilities after
to enhance the nation's security and prosperity through sustainable, transformative approaches to our most challenging energy, climate, and infrastructure problems. vision the capability set needed to address safe and secure management of these radioactive materials includes a broad set of engineering and scientific disciplines such as physics; nuclear, mechanical, civil, and systems engineering; and chemistry. In addition, Sandia has a tool set that enhances the ability to perform high level
The Order establishes requirements for a successful, efficient and cost-effective personnel security program to ensure accurate, timely and equitable determinations of individuals’ eligibility for access to classified information and fitness for placement or retention in national security positions. Cancels DOE M 470.4-5, DOE N 470.4 and DOE N 470.5. Admin Chg 1, 10-8-13.
2 - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Energy Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear
3 - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Energy Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear
Two-hundred twenty-five nonprofit organizations receive monetary donations from Los Alamos National Security, LLC September 21, 2015 Recognizing employee and retiree volunteer efforts LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 21, 2015-More than 225 nonprofit organizations received $162,650 from Los Alamos National Security, LLC, which manages Los Alamos National Laboratory. The LANS contributions are determined by the number of volunteer hours logged by Laboratory employees and retirees through an organization
National Nuclear Security Administration | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...
Security Security The Y-12 National Security Complex places the highest priority on maintaining and improving its security posture. We employ security police officers, cyber security specialists, and other personnel to safeguard our security assets. Y-12 continuously monitors local and world events to prepare for potential risks to the site, our information and our employees. Security personnel also participate in numerous assessments each year to ensure readiness in protecting the site's vital
Administration | (NNSA) Programs / Nonproliferation / Global Material Security / Radiological Security / Radiological Security Partnership Radiological Security Partnership Information Radioactive sources play an important role in a number of commercial, medical, and research facilities. The benefits of these sources must be balanced with proper security. The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) is working with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and
The protection and control of classified information is critical to our nation’s security. This Order establishes requirements and responsibilities for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), to protect and control classified information as required by statutes, regulation, Executive Orders, government-wide policy directives and guidelines, and DOE policy and directives. Cancels DOE M 470.4-4A Chg except for Section D. Admin Chg 1, dated 11-23-2012, cancels DOE O 471.6. Canceled by Admin Chg 2 dated 5-15-15.
Establishes security requirements for the protection and control of information and matter required to be classified or controlled by statutes, regulations, or Department of Energy directives. Section E, Technical Surveillance Countermeasures Program, is Official Use Only. Please contact the DOE Office of Health, Safety and Security at 301-903-0292 if your official duties require you to have access to this part of the directive. Cancels: DOE M 471.2-1B, DOE M 471.2-1C, DOE M 471.2-4, and DOE O 471.2A
This Manual establishes security requirements for the protection and control of information and matter required to be classified or controlled by statutes, regulations, or Department of Energy directives. Attachment E, Technical Surveillance Countermeasures Program, is for Official Use Only. Contact the Office of Security and Safety Performance Assurance at 301-903-3653 if your official duties require you to have access to this part of the directive. Cancels: DOE M 471.2-1B, DOE M 471.2-1C, DOE M 471.2-4, and DOE O 471.2A.
The order establishes requirements that will enable DOE to operate a successful, efficient, cost-effective personnel security program that will ensure accurate, timely and equitable determinations of individuals’ eligibility for access to classified information and Special Nuclear Material (SNM). Admin Chg 1, 10-8-13.
To ensure that DOE uniformly meets the protection requirements specified in Presidential Decision Directive 39, "U.S. Policy on Counterterrorism (U)." Attachment 2 is no longer available online. Please e-mail your request for the Attachment to: Security.Directives@hq.doe.gov. DOE N 251.44, dated 05/06/02, extends this directive until 12/31/02.
Rulemaking Security Rulemaking Transportation Security Rulemaking Activities PDF icon Security Rulemaking More Documents & Publications Transportation Security Rulemaking...
Moore, Judy Hennessey; Johnson, Curtis Martin; Whitley, John B.; Drayer, Darryl Donald; Cummings, John C., Jr.
) making it easy for the public to report, even if not sure/''non-event'' (e.g. ''I'm uncomfortable'') and processing those reports in aggregate not individually, (7) transforming the resident working population into a part-time undercover security/sensor force through more innovative training and (8) adding ambassadors/security that engage in unexpected conversation with the public. The group recommended that we take actions to pursue the following ideas next: (a) A concept for a mobile sensor transport (JMP); (b) Conduct a follow-on workshop; (c) Conduct social experiments/activities to see how people would react to the concepts related to community and security; (d) Explore further aesthetically pleasing, blast-resistance seating areas; and (e) The Art of Freedom (an educational, multi-media campaign).
Science NSS Archive National Security Science Latest Issue:July 2015 past issues All Issues submit National Security Science Archive National Security Science magazine...
Energy Security Council Reliable, secure, sustainable carbon energy solutions for the ... new ideas for reliable, secure and sustainable carbon neutral energy solutions for the ...
Sustainable Together ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY 2014 Emergency Response of IEA Countries Secure Sustainable Together ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY 2014 Emergency Response of IEA Countries ...
MOBILITY AGREEMENT I hereby acknowledge that, as a condition of my employment as a Criminal Investigator with the Department of Energy, Office of Inspector General, I may be required to relocate to an OIG office in another geographic location based on the needs of the organization. I understand that my failure to accept such a directed reassignment could be a basis for my separation from the service. _______________________________ Signature Date
govSitesMobile Facility AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 MAOS AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 2015-2016 Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, to San Francisco, California, 2015 HyytiĂ¤lĂ¤, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010
This paper reports that despite an Executive Order limiting the authority to make original classification decisions to government officials, DOE has delegated this authority to a number of contractor employees. Although the number of original classification decisions made by these contractors is small, this neither negates nor diminishes the significance of the improper delegation of authority. If misclassification were to occur, particularly at the Top Secret level, U.S. national security interests could potentially be seriously affected and threatened. DOE's argument that the delegation of such authority is a long-standing policy and done on a selective basis does not legitimize the practice and does not relieve DOE of its responsibility to meet the requirements of the Executive Order. DOE needs to independently assess all original classification determinations made by contractors; otherwise, it cannot be sure that U.S. national security interests have been or are being adequately protected.
Baumann, Mark J.; Kuca, Michal; Aragon, Mona L.
A security system includes a structure having a structural surface. The structure is sized to contain an asset therein and configured to provide a forceful breaching delay. The structure has an opening formed therein to permit predetermined access to the asset contained within the structure. The structure includes intrusion detection features within or associated with the structure that are activated in response to at least a partial breach of the structure.
This Order establishes requirements and responsibilities for Department of Energy (DOE) Departmental Elements, including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), to protect and control classified information as required by statutes, regulation, Executive Orders, government-wide policy directives and guidelines, and DOE policy and directives. (The original DOE O 471.6 canceled DOE M 470.4-4A, except for Section D). Admin Chg 2, dated 5-15-15, supersedes Admin Chg 1. Certified 5-21-2015.
the computational, physics, and engineering capability spans multiple physics phenomenologies, engineering disciplines, and brings to bear massively parallel processing computational power to solve very complex problems that result in realistic estimates of potential consequences resulting from these types of postulated accidents. the Sar that is developed must go through rigorous external review before it goes to the national Security Council for approval prior to launch. this process provides
Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2014-0985P Sandia National Laboratories is introducing a binder- free pelletization process to fabricate industrially relevant pellets of porous catalysts and separations materials. This process enables the implementation of
Securing America's Clean Energy Future The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) invests in clean energy technologies that strengthen the economy, reduce dependence on foreign oil, and protect the environment. EERE leverages partnerships with the private sector, state and local governments, DOE national laboratories, and universities to transform the nation's economic engine to one powered by clean energy. EERE Programs 2011 Budget (in $ millions) EERE operates with $1.8
Gobeli, Garth W.
Security for a package or verifying seal in plastic material is provided by a print seal with unique thermally produced imprints in the plastic. If tampering is attempted, the material is irreparably damaged and thus detectable. The pattern of the imprints, similar to "fingerprints" are recorded as a positive identification for the seal, and corresponding recordings made to allow comparison. The integrity of the seal is proved by the comparison of imprint identification records made by laser beam projection.
Directive HSS Office of Health, Safety and Security HQ ... Regulations 707, a negative drug test result is required ... knowledgeable of security policy at HQ. Consult the HQFMSP ...
Nuclear Security Enterprise The Nuclear Security Enterprise ... efficient 21stcentury NSE with less environmental impact. ... is referred to as Stockpile Stewardship and Management. ...
The On-Device Dynamic Analysis of Mobile Applications (ODAMA) project was started in an effort to protect mobile devices used in Industrial Control Systems (ICS) from cyber attack. Because mobile devices hide as much of the “computer” as possible, the user’s ability to assess the software running on their system is limited. The research team chose Google’s Android platform for this initial research because it is open source and it would give us freedom in our approach, including the ability to modify the mobile device’s operating system itself. The research team concluded that a Privileged Application was the right approach, and the result was ODAMA. This project is an important piece of the work to secure the expanding use of mobile devices with our nation’s critical infrastructure.
The order establishes requirements that will enable DOE to operate a successful, efficient, cost-effective personnel security program that will ensure accurate, timely and equitable determinations of individualsâ€™ eligibility for access to classified information and Special Nuclear Material (SNM). This limited revision will ensure that individuals holding dual citizenship receive proper consideration from a counterintelligence perspective prior to being granted access to classified matter or Special Nuclear Material. Pg Chg 1, 7-9-14 supersedes DOE O 472.2 Admin Chg 1.
for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. SAND2013-7809W Current work is centered on development of the Supercritical Carbon Dioxide (sCo2) Closed Brayton Cycle. Using supercritical fluids, Brayton Cycles can achieve higher energy conversion efficiencies in 1/100th of the volume and 1/10th the cost of comparable steam rankine cycles. the technology is being demonstrated in the nuclear Energy Systems laboratory/Brayton lab
defense nuclear security NNSA Announces 2014 Security Professional of the Year Awards WASHINGTON, D.C. - The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) today announced the recipients of the 2014 Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year Awards. Pamela Valdez from the Los Alamos Field Office will receive the federal award and Randy Fraser from... Michael Lempke receives NNSA's Gold Medal of Excellence DOE Undersecretary for Nuclear Security and NNSA
Security Notice Security Notice Security Information This website is part of a federal computer system used to accomplish federal functions. Y-12 uses software programs to monitor this website for security purposes to ensure it remains available to all users and to protect information in the system. By accessing this website, you are expressly consenting to these monitoring activities. Unauthorized attempts to defeat or circumvent security features; to use the system for other than intended
(NNSA) International Nuclear Security The International Nuclear Security program collaborates with partners world-wide to improve the security of proliferation-sensitive materials, particularly weapons-usable nuclear material in both civilian and non-civilian use in key countries. As part of these efforts, INS works with partner countries to: Upgrade and sustain physical security and material control and accounting systems; Develop national-level nuclear security infrastructure in areas such
Protection * Civil * Environmental * Electrical Science ... Security * Nuclear Security * Personnel Security * Physical Security * Emergency Management * Intelligence Operations ...
Security NERSC Computer Security NERSC computer security efforts are aimed at protecting NERSC systems and its users' intellectual property from unauthorized access or modification. Among NERSC's security goal are: 1. To protect NERSC systems from unauthorized access. 2. To prevent the interruption of services to its users. 3. To prevent misuse or abuse of NERSC resources. Security Incidents If you think there has been a computer security incident you should contact NERSC Security as soon as
2016 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 10, Security Awareness Program Describes the DOE Headquarters Security Awareness Program
Humphrey, Marty; Thompson, Mary R.; Jackson, Keith R.
Securing a Grid environment presents a distinctive set of challenges. This paper groups the activities that need to be secured into four categories: naming and authentication; secure communication; trust, policy, and authorization; and enforcement of access control. It examines the current state of the art in securing these processes and introduces new technologies that promise to meet the security requirements of Grids more completely.
Harrington, John J.; Eskridge, Steven E.; Hurtado, John E.; Byrne, Raymond H.
A miniature mobile robot provides a relatively inexpensive mobile robot. A mobile robot for searching an area provides a way for multiple mobile robots in cooperating teams. A robotic system with a team of mobile robots communicating information among each other provides a way to locate a source in cooperation. A mobile robot with a sensor, a communication system, and a processor, provides a way to execute a strategy for searching an area.
2016 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 3, Personnel Security Describes DOE Headquarters Personnel Security procedures for acquiring, maintaining, and passing security clearances.
receives hisher security clearance; the Annual Security Refresher Briefing, which must be completed each year by all those who hold a security clearance; and the Security ...
Nonproliferation / Global Material Security Radiological Security The program collaborates with domestic and international partners to address the threat of illicit use of high-priority radiological materials in the United States and abroad. The Radiological Security program accomplishes its mission by removing and disposing of excess or orphaned radioactive sources; promoting the replacement of radioactive sources with non-isotopic technologies, where feasible; and increasing security where
security Klotz visits Y-12 to see progress on new projects and ongoing work on NNSA's national security missions Last week, NNSA Administrator Lt. Gen. Frank Klotz (Ret.) visited the Y-12 National Security Complex to check on the status of ongoing projects like the Uranium Processing Facility as well as the site's continuing uranium operations. He also met with the Region 2 volunteers of the Radiogical... Managing the data deluge for national security analysts ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. - After a
This responsibility includes the physical, materials control and accounting, classified and sensitive information protection, personnel, technical, and cyber security programs. ...
This security guide of the Department of Energy covers contractor and subcontractor access to DOE and Mound facilities. The topics of the security guide include responsibilities, physical barriers, personnel identification system, personnel and vehicular access controls, classified document control, protecting classified matter in use, storing classified matter repository combinations, violations, security education clearance terminations, security infractions, classified information nondisclosure agreement, personnel security clearances, visitor control, travel to communist-controlled or sensitive countries, shipment security, and surreptitious listening devices.
Secure Manufacturing Secure Manufacturing The depth and breadth of Y-12's manufacturing capabilities and expertise enable Y-12 to address current and emerging national security challenges by providing leadership and direction to perform the following activities: solving unique, high-risk manufacturing problems; eliminating the most difficult manufacturability and development obstacles; protecting classified and proprietary materials, components, and information; developing unique technologies to
Today world leaders gathered at The Hague for the Nuclear Security Summit, a meeting to measure progress and take action to secure sensitive nuclear materials.
Science National Security Science Latest Issue:July 2015 past issues All Issues submit National Security Science Showcasing Los Alamos National Laboratory's work on nuclear...
This position is located in the Office of Associate Under Secretary for Environment, Health, Safety, and Security (AU), Office of Headquarters Personnel Security Operations. A successful candidate...
A successful candidate in this position will serve as an Information Technology Specialist (Security) responsible for providing technical support in the information security environment which...
U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Federal Equal ... A. Name and Address of Agency National Nuclear Security Administration Office of ...
Nuclear Security Administration FY 2013 PER Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Y-12, LLC Performance Evaluation Report NNSA Production Office Y-12 Nuclear Security Complex ...
U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Federal Equal ... A. Name and Address of Agency National Nuclear Security Administration 1000 Independence ...
15 National Nuclear Security Administration FY 2013 PER Babcock & Wilcox Technical ... The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Production Office (NPO) took into ...
Establishes objectives, requirements and responsibilities for the Personnel Security Program and Personnel Security Assurance Program. Cancels DOE O 472.1B
We use our nuclear materials and forensics expertise to help solve national security ... materials, security and consequence management, and manufacturing and technical ...
The Office of Security Assessments is responsible for the independent evaluation of the effectiveness of safeguards and security policies and programs throughout the Department, including...
Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Field Office . Environmental Management Operations February 2015 Nevada National Security ...
The Office of Security Assistance manages the Technology Deployment Program to improve the security posture of the Department of Energy and the protection of its assets and facilities through the deployment of new safeguards and security technologies and development of advanced technologies that reduce operating costs, save protective force lives, and improve security effectiveness.
This Manual provides detailed requirements and procedures to supplement DOE O 472.1B, Personnel Security Activities, which establishes the overall objectives, requirements, and responsibilities for implementation and operation of the Personnel Security Program and the Personnel Security Assurance Program in the Department of Energy (DOE). This Manual addresses only the Personnel Security Program.
provides detailed requirements and procedures to supplement DOE O 472.1B, PERSONNEL SECURITY ACTIVITIES, which establishes the overall objectives, requirements, and responsibilities for implementation and operation of the Personnel Security Program and the Personnel Security Assurance Program in the Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Cancels DOE M 472.1-1
Foust, Thomas D.; Arent, Doug; de Carvalho Macedo, Isaias; Goldemberg, Jose; Hoysala, Chanakya; Filho, Rubens Maciel; Nigro, Francisco E. B.; Richard, Tom L.; Saddler, Jack; Samseth, Jon; Somerville, Chris R.
This chapter considers the energy security implications and impacts of bioenergy. We provide an assessment to answer the following questions: What are the implications for bioenergy and energy security within the broader policy environment that includes food and water security, development, economic productivity, and multiple foreign policy aspects? What are the conditions under which bioenergy contributes positively to energy security?
(NNSA) Personnel Security Program NNSA is responsible for managing national nuclear security and supports several key program areas including Defense, Nuclear Nonproliferation, Naval Reactors, Emergency Operations, Infrastructure and Environment, Nuclear Security, Management and Administration and the Office of the Administrator. Each program area is focused on specific challenges. The Office of Personnel & Facility Clearances & Classification (OPFCC) is part of the NNSA, Office of
physical security Sandia employee dubbed a master at locking down NNSA's enterprise NNSA's primary missions include keeping dangerous materials out of the wrong hands while protecting and maintaining the nation's nuclear deterrent. It's no surprise, then, that NNSA's labs and sites employ the best experts available in security. At NNSA's Sandia... DOE, NNSA leaders open summit on the physical security of nuclear weapons Deputy Secretary of Energy Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall, NNSA Principal Deputy
Security Summit U.S. and China Continue Cooperative Partnership to Advance Safe, Secure Civil Nuclear Energy for Clean Energy Future DOE/NNSA Hosts 11th U.S.-China Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology Meeting at Savannah River National Laboratory in Aiken, South Carolina (Aiken, South Carolina) - On May 10-11, 2016 the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the China... Statement on Signing of the Administrative Arrangement to the Agreement for
security U.S. and China Continue Cooperative Partnership to Advance Safe, Secure Civil Nuclear Energy for Clean Energy Future DOE/NNSA Hosts 11th U.S.-China Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Technology Meeting at Savannah River National Laboratory in Aiken, South Carolina (Aiken, South Carolina) - On May 10-11, 2016 the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the China... Secretary Moniz awards Hutcheon memorial nonproliferation fellowship to Thomas Gray
Global Security Global Security We train nuclear industry professionals, emergency responders and security forces from around the world to safeguard vulnerable materials. Nuclear nonproliferation - stopping the spread of nuclear materials - is a critical part of creating a safer world. Y-12 has been working in nonproliferation since the early 1990s in more than 25 countries. As the nation reduces the size of its arsenal, Y-12 will play a central role in decommissioning weapons systems and
Security Forms U.S. Department of Energy / U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Nuclear Materials Management & Safeguards System Security Forms Federal Information Processing Standards Publications (FIPS PUBS) FIPS-Associated Documents FIPS 140-2 Security Requirements for Cryptograhic Modules FIPS 185 Escrowed Encryption Standard (EES) FIPS 186-2 Digital Signature Standard (DSS) From Microsoft From VeriSign Managing Contacts' Digital Certificates with Netscape Communicator Managing Contacts'
NNSA Transfers Responsibility for Radiation Detection System to China Customs SHANGHAI, CHINA - Today, the Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA) Principal Assistant Deputy ...
our website, please follow these instructions. More... Category: Security Emergency Vocabulary These are terms you might hear during an emergency situation. More... Category:...
NNSA uses, for example, concrete blocks, razor-wire barriers, and steel-plated fighting positions to upgrade its physical security features. It has eliminated public access to ...
The Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility is a massive concrete and steel structure ... HEUMF is a massive concrete and steel structure that provides maximum security for the ...
... non-classified portion of the review process. The Federal Project Director and appropriate DOEEM-HQ line management and security representatives must coordinate the classified ...
GAO also recommends that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issue guidance to agencies for providing cyber security research data to repositories. In commenting on a draft ...
Administration | (NNSA) National Nuclear Security Administration FY15 Year End Report Semi Annual Report FY14 Year End Report Semi Annual
MobileMatch VolunteerMatch Mobile App MobileMatch is a mobile extension (app) to LANL's VolunteerMatch site that allows volunteers to search, sign up and track hours. Contact Giving Campaigns & Volunteering Debbi Wersonick Community Relations & Partnerships (505) 667-7870 Email Engage anytime, anywhere with this easy and intuitive tool! Using MobileMatch app is easy mobilematch-app Now LANL volunteers can search, sign up and track hours right on their mobile device. Get on the Volunteer
Response Operations Center The Office of Emergency Operations Support maintains situational awareness of the nation's energy infrastructure and nuclear weapons complex and facilitates management of national emergency events via a secure nationwide communications network. The Operations Center provides an integrated, scalable, mobile and/or virtual response capability to enable NNSA to successfully conduct routine and emergency operations through the leverage of mission critical resources in
The Office of Headquarters Security Operations strengthens national security by protecting personnel, facilities, property, classified information, and sensitive unclassified information for DOE Headquarters facilities in the National Capital Area under normal and abnormal (i.e., emergency) conditions; managing access authorization functions for Headquarters; ensuring that executives and dignitaries are fully protected, and supporting efforts to ensure the continuity of government in all circumstances as mandated by Presidential Decision Directive. The Office is responsible for the principal personnel security information processing activities of the Department and personnel security administrative review process. The Office of Headquarters Security Operations provides oversight and direction support to all Headquarters security operations to include physical protection, information security, personnel security, and guidance to the Headquarters Security Officers (HSO).
Sheldon, Frederick T; Krings, Axel; Yoo, Seong-Moo; Mili, Ali; Trien, Joseph P
The workshop theme is Cyber Security: Beyond the Maginot Line Recently the FBI reported that computer crime has skyrocketed costing over $67 billion in 2005 alone and affecting 2.8M+ businesses and organizations. Attack sophistication is unprecedented along with availability of open source concomitant tools. Private, academic, and public sectors invest significant resources in cyber security. Industry primarily performs cyber security research as an investment in future products and services. While the public sector also funds cyber security R&D, the majority of this activity focuses on the specific mission(s) of the funding agency. Thus, broad areas of cyber security remain neglected or underdeveloped. Consequently, this workshop endeavors to explore issues involving cyber security and related technologies toward strengthening such areas and enabling the development of new tools and methods for securing our information infrastructure critical assets. We aim to assemble new ideas and proposals about robust models on which we can build the architecture of a secure cyberspace including but not limited to: * Knowledge discovery and management * Critical infrastructure protection * De-obfuscating tools for the validation and verification of tamper-proofed software * Computer network defense technologies * Scalable information assurance strategies * Assessment-driven design for trust * Security metrics and testing methodologies * Validation of security and survivability properties * Threat assessment and risk analysis * Early accurate detection of the insider threat * Security hardened sensor networks and ubiquitous computing environments * Mobile software authentication protocols * A new "model" of the threat to replace the "Maginot Line" model and more . . .
Xu, Jun; Watson, David B.; Whitten, William B.
An ion mobility sensor system including an ion mobility spectrometer and a differential mobility spectrometer coupled to the ion mobility spectrometer. The ion mobility spectrometer has a first chamber having first end and a second end extending along a first direction, and a first electrode system that generates a constant electric field parallel to the first direction. The differential mobility spectrometer includes a second chamber having a third end and a fourth end configured such that a fluid may flow in a second direction from the third end to the fourth end, and a second electrode system that generates an asymmetric electric field within an interior of the second chamber. Additionally, the ion mobility spectrometer and the differential mobility spectrometer form an interface region. Also, the first end and the third end are positioned facing one another so that the constant electric field enters the third end and overlaps the fluid flowing in the second direction.
Buttz, James H.; Shirey, David L.; Hayward, David R.
A robotic vehicle system for terrain navigation mobility provides a way to climb stairs, cross crevices, and navigate across difficult terrain by coupling two or more mobile robots with a coupling device and controlling the robots cooperatively in tandem.
Global Material Security NNSA Provides Tajikistan Specialized Vehicles to Transport Radiological Materials NNSA Program Manager Nick Cavellero, right, and NRSA Director of the Department of Information and International Relations Ilkhom Mirsaidov, left, with two specialized vehicles purchased by NNSA for Tajikistan. WASHINGTON - The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/
SECURITY AND CYBER REPORTS SECURITY AND CYBER REPORTS Office of Security Assessments Office of Security Assessments - Report Titles
Security by Website Administrator Back
There is a growing interest in using renewable energy options like solar to improve community resiliency. During extreme weather events, solar can help prevent power outages by providing emergency energy to critical facilities and recovery efforts. Solar can provide electricity to remote or less accessible areas, and is flexible enough to be a mobile or temporary power source. In addition to resiliency planning, there are efforts to promote new safety education and guidelines for solar installation, especially related to fire prevention. Also, there is rising interest in how solar can influence homeland security. The Solar for Safety, Security, and Resilience Toolkit demonstrates the different ways of thinking about and incorporating solar energy into ongoing public safety, homeland security, and resiliency initiatives.
The order establishes requirements, assigns responsibilities, and provides guidance for federal mobile technology management and employee use of both government furnished and personally-owned mobile devices within DOE and NNSA. Establishes requirements for use of User Agreements to govern mobile devices used for official duties. Does not cancel other directives.
April 24, 2014 Cultural Artifacts Cross Eras at the Nevada National Security Site It is well known that the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) is home to many artifacts from the ...
The Office of Information Security is responsible for implementation of the Classified Matter Protection and Control Program (CMPC), the Operations Security Program (OPSEC) and the Facility Clearance Program and the Survey Program for Headquarters
may not grant or renew a security clearance for a covered person who is an unlawful ... may not grant or renew a security clearance described in paragraph (3) for a covered ...
7%2A en Nevada National Security Site operator recognized for green fleet http:www.nnsa.energy.govblognevada-national-security-site-operator-recognized-green-fleet
The Office of Security Policy is the central source within the Department of Energy for the development and analysis of safeguards and security policies and standards affecting facilities, nuclear materials, personnel, and classified information.
Home Y-12 National Security Complex Home Nuclear Deterrence Global Security Naval Reactors Partnerships Security News Search form Search... Search Latest News | CNS, UT chemical...
Energy Security Center Energy Security Center Developing new ideas for reliable, secure, and sustainable carbon neutral energy solutions for the nation-the portal to LANL's diverse energy security research enterprise. Contact Leader Steven Buelow (505) 663 5629 Email Program Administrator Jutta Kayser (505) 663-5649 Email Research focus areas Materials and concepts for clean energy Science for renewable energy sources Superconducting cables Energy storage Fuel cells Mitigating impacts of global
Lab announces security changes Lab announces security changes The Laboratory is implementing several changes to its security procedures as the result of a recent security assessment conducted jointly by the Department of Defense and Department of Energy. February 23, 2012 Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory Aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory. Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, February 23, 2012-Los Alamos National
This Manual provides detailed requirements and procedures to supplement DOE O 472.1B, Personnel Security Activities, which establishes the overall objectives, requirements, and responsibilities for implementation and operation of the Personnel Security Program and the Personnel Security Assurance Program in the Department of Energy (DOE), including the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Extended until 7-7-06 by DOE N 251.64, dated 7-7-05 Cancels: DOE M 472.1-1A.
Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable ... Arctic Climate Measurements Global Climate Models Software Sustainable Subsurface ...
Lemnos Interoperable Security Program Creating common language and metrics for describing functions of network security tools and testing for interoperability As energy control systems employ more Internet-based features and routable communication methods, the need grows for enhanced security functions, such as frewalls, virtual private networks (VPNs), and intrusion detection systems. When purchasing network security products, today's control systems users cannot adequately compare products
Koo, Jackson C.; Yu, Conrad M.
An ion mobility sensor which can detect both ion and molecules simultaneously. Thus, one can measure the relative arrival times between various ions and molecules. Different ions have different mobility in air, and the ion sensor enables measurement of ion mobility, from which one can identify the various ions and molecules. The ion mobility sensor which utilizes a pair of glow discharge devices may be designed for coupling with an existing gas chromatograph, where various gas molecules are already separated, but numbers of each kind of molecules are relatively small, and in such cases a conventional ion mobility sensor cannot be utilized.
In this thesis, the security of databases using cryptographic methods is considered. An algebra for encrypted relational databases is considered and examined. Other database cryptosystems are presented, namely multilevel secure databases including three different approaches; multikey multilevel, cumulative key multilevel, and permutational multilevel secure databases. Finally, entity-relationship encryption is examined.
Web Application Link: www.tendrilinc.comenergy-providersapplicationenergize Cost: Free Energize Mobile Screenshot References: Tendril1 Logo: Energize Mobile This...
Gibbs, P. W.
Secure Transport Management Course (STMC) course provides managers with information related to procedures and equipment used to successfully transport special nuclear material. This workshop outlines these procedures and reinforces the information presented with the aid of numerous practical examples. The course focuses on understanding the regulatory framework for secure transportation of special nuclear materials, identifying the insider and outsider threat(s) to secure transportation, organization of a secure transportation unit, management and supervision of secure transportation units, equipment and facilities required, training and qualification needed.
- NEVADA NATIONAL SECURITY SITE FISCAL YEARS 2009 THRU 2015 SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAM RESULTS & FORECAST CATEGORY Total Procurement Total SB Small Disad. Bus Woman-Owned SB Hub-Zone ...
Agarwal, Deborah; Jackson, Keith; Thompson, Mary
The diverse set of organizations and software components involved in a typical collaboratory make providing a seamless security solution difficult. In addition, the users need support for a broad range of frequency and locations for access to the collaboratory. A collaboratory security solution needs to be robust enough to ensure that valid participants are not denied access because of its failure. There are many tools that can be applied to the task of securing collaborative environments and these include public key infrastructure, secure sockets layer, Kerberos, virtual and real private networks, grid security infrastructure, and username/password. A combination of these mechanisms can provide effective secure collaboration capabilities. In this paper, we discuss the requirements of typical collaboratories and some proposals for applying various security mechanisms to collaborative environments.
safeguards and security ProForce marks 65 years protecting Sandia resources, facilities, people Current and former members of the Lab's Protective Force gathered to reflect on and recognize the contributions ProForce has made to securing Sandia National Laboratory's resources, facilities, and people. Over the past 65 years, the force has changed in size and structure but its mission has... Nuclear Verification Challenge: Maintain the U.S. ability to monitor and verify nuclear reduction
Installation Energy Security Home Stationary Power Safety, Security & Resilience of Energy Infrastructure Grid Modernization Resilient Electric Infrastructures Military...
Atencio, Julian J.
This presentation provides a perspective on achieving security in an organization. It touches upon security as a mindset, ability to adhere to rules, cultivating awareness of the reason for a security mindset, the quality of a security program, willingness to admit fault or acknowledge failure, peer review in security, science as a model that can be applied to the security profession, the security vision, security partnering, staleness in the security program, security responsibilities, and achievement of success over time despite the impossibility of perfection.
Orr, Brad; Coulter, Rich
This video provides an overview of the ARM Mobile Facilities, two portable climate laboratories that can deploy anywhere in the world for campaigns of at least six months.
Kulkarni, Gourihar R.; Kok, G. L.
This first year report presents results from a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study to assess the flow and temperature profiles within the mobile ice nucleus spectrometer.
Orr, Brad; Coulter, Rich
This video provides an overview of the ARM Mobile Facilities, two portable climate laboratories that can deploy anywhere in the world for campaigns of at least six months.
Join the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for a challenging and rewarding career, while working, living, and playing in the Pacific Northwest. The Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic (HMEM)...
Department of Energy 4, Cyber Security Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security 2016 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 14, Cyber Security HQ cyber security activities are managed by the Cyber Support Division (IM-622) within the Office of Chief Information Officer (IM-1). This chapter only covers the requirement for each HQ program element to appoint an Information Systems Security Officer (ISSO) to act as the point of contact between the
National Security, Weapons Science National Security, Weapons Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. CoMuExÂ» Explosives CenterÂ» Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT) The Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory is part of the DOE's stockpile stewardship
Security Enhancing national and homeland security requires technological advancements in everything from biosensors to risk assessments. Game-changing scientific discovery is required for the development of sensors, detectors and other technological advancements used to protect and defend our country. At Argonne, our highly collaborative community of scientists and engineers discover and develop critical security and defense technologies to prevent and mitigate events with the potential for mass
Security Risk Assessment - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Energy Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced
Eleven nonprofit organizations receive community giving grants from Los Alamos National Security, LLC December 15, 2009 Los Alamos, New Mexico, December 15, 2009- Eleven local nonprofit organizations with projects supported by Los Alamos National Laboratory employee volunteers received $75,000 in Community Giving grants from Los Alamos National Security, LLC, the company that manages the Lab for the National Nuclear Security Administration. The organizations are located in Los Alamos, EspaĂ±ola,
House); * TA-00, Bldg. 760 (Legal Counsel); and * TA-3, Bldg. 1411 (Occupational Medicine). All other buildings in non-secure areas must be individually accounted for in...
This Guide provides supplemental information on the implementation of cyber security architectures throughout the Department of Energy. Canceled by DOE N 205.18
Nuclear Security Administration Savannah River Site 1 NNSA Budget ( Millions) By Program Office FY 2015 Enacted FY 2016 Enacted FY 2017 President Request Delta FY Request Weapon ...
aspects relating to the Materials Security and Consolidation Project includine Energy Systems Acquisition Advisory Board equivalents, Critical Decisions, and Quarterly Project...
A successful candidate in this position will serve as the LFO subject matter expert on assigned safeguards and security functional and topical areas.
Hurd, Alan J.
Information about the National Security Education Center is given. Information about the Centerâ€™s history and current practices, including its facilities and its practicality are outlined.
3%2A en Defense Nuclear Security http:www.nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsnuclearsecurity
Joint Research Centre and the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration regarding the reduction of excess nuclear material http:...
preparedness Read More NSC leader recognized as community role model Read More Apex Gold discussion fosters international cooperation in run-up to 2016 Nuclear Security Summit...
... and Beyond - National Security - Non-Proliferation - Environmental Management Defense ... explosive devices and to detect the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. * ...
Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas...
Greene, David L.; Leiby, Paul N.
A presentation to the IWG GPRA USDOE, March 6, 2005, Washington, DC. OSMM estimates oil security benefits of changes in the U.S. oil market.
The Department of Energy (DOE), the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the University of California (UC) have agreed on new management and operations contracts for ...
The Secretary described Oak Ridge as a place where DOE's chief missions of nuclear security, environmental management and science play out. He talked about the importance of the ...
A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Deputy Assistant Manager for Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Management sharing the overall responsibility for execution of the...
Security Home Analysis Permalink Gallery Climate Change Is the Subject of a New Book Analysis, Climate, Global Climate & Energy, Monitoring, News, News & Events, Sensing, Sensing &...
Administration Global Material Security NNSA Co-Hosts Nuclear Security Summit Workshop on Maritime Security with UK WASHINGTON - This week, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) and the U.K. Department of Energy and Climate Change concluded a workshop at Wilton Park, United Kingdom, on the growing challenge of securing the global maritime supply chain. In
The Safeguards and Security Program ensures that the Department of Energy efficiently and effectively meets all its obligations to protect Special Nuclear Material, other nuclear materials, classified matter, sensitive information, government property and facilities, and the safety and security of employees, contractors, and the general public. Supersedes DOE P 470.1A.
The Safeguards and Security Program ensures that the Department of Energy efficiently and effectively meets all its obligations to protect Special Nuclear Material, other nuclear materials, classified matter, sensitive information, government property, and the safety and security of employees, contractors, and the general public. Supersedes DOE P 470.1.
To establish the Department of Energy (DOE) Information Security Program and set forth policies, procedures and responsibilities for the protection and control of classified and sensitive information. The Information Security Program is a system of elements which serve to deter collection activities, This directive does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 471.2 of 9-28-1995.
Smith, Robert L.
A secure video communications system having at least one command network formed by a combination of subsystems. The combination of subsystems to include a video subsystem, an audio subsystem, a communications subsystem, and a control subsystem. The video communications system to be window driven and mouse operated, and having the ability to allow for secure point-to-point real-time teleconferencing.
Johnson, Gerald R.
This commentary for the CIOs Uncensored section of InformationWeek will discuss PNNL’s “defense in depth” approach to cyber security. It will cover external and internal safeguards, as well as the all-important role of employees in the cyber security equation. For employees are your greatest vulnerability – and your last line of defense.
Establishes an Information Security Program for the protection and control of classified and sensitive information. Extended until 5-11-06 by DOE N 251.63, dated 5-11-05. DOE O 471.2A, Information Security Program, dated 3/27/1997, extended by DOE N 251.57, dated 4/28/2004. Cancels: DOE O 471.2
The Water Security Toolkit (WST) provides software for modeling and analyzing water distribution systems to minimize the potential impact of contamination incidents. WST wraps capabilities for contaminant transport, impact assessment, and sensor network design with response action plans, including source identification, rerouting, and decontamination, to provide a range of water security planning and real-time applications.
Atencio, Julian J.
This presentation addresses incidents of security concern and an incident program for addressing them. It addresses the phases of an inquiry, and it divides incidents into categories based on severity and interest types based on whether security, management, or procedural interests are involved. A few scenarios are then analyzed according to these breakdowns.
security policy Nuclear Verification Challenge: Maintain the U.S. ability to monitor and verify nuclear reduction agreements and detect violations of treaties and other nuclear nonproliferation commitments. Solution: Develop and deploy measures to ensure verifiable compliance with treaties and other international agreements,... International Nuclear Safeguards Challenge: Detect/deter undeclared nuclear materials and activities. Solution: Build capacity of the International Atomic Energy Agency
security Nuclear Verification Challenge: Maintain the U.S. ability to monitor and verify nuclear reduction agreements and detect violations of treaties and other nuclear nonproliferation commitments. Solution: Develop and deploy measures to ensure verifiable compliance with treaties and other international agreements,... International Nuclear Safeguards Challenge: Detect/deter undeclared nuclear materials and activities. Solution: Build capacity of the International Atomic Energy Agency and
safety and security NNSA chief visits New Mexico laboratories NNSA Administrator Lt. Gen. Frank Klotz (Ret.) visited NNSA's New Mexico laboratories last week. At Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Klotz addressed the workforces of both labs on how the FY17 budget request supports NNSA's missions, and he got a first-
Doyle, James E.
This presentation discusses: (1) Definitions of international nuclear security; (2) What degree of security do we have now; (3) Limitations of a nuclear security strategy focused on national lock-downs of fissile materials and weapons; (4) What do current trends say about the future; and (5) How can nuclear security be strengthened? Nuclear security can be strengthened by: (1) More accurate baseline inventories; (2) Better physical protection, control and accounting; (3) Effective personnel reliability programs; (4) Minimize weapons-usable materials and consolidate to fewer locations; (5) Consider local threat environment when siting facilities; (6) Implement pledges made in the NSS process; and (7) More robust interdiction, emergency response and special operations capabilities. International cooperation is desirable, but not always possible.
Berg, Michael J.
The discipline of computer science is built on indirection. David Wheeler famously said, 'All problems in computer science can be solved by another layer of indirection. But that usually will create another problem'. We propose that every computer security vulnerability is yet another problem created by the indirections in system designs and that focusing on the indirections involved is a better way to design, evaluate, and compare security solutions. We are not proposing that indirection be avoided when solving problems, but that understanding the relationships between indirections and vulnerabilities is key to securing computer systems. Using this perspective, we analyze common vulnerabilities that plague our computer systems, consider the effectiveness of currently available security solutions, and propose several new security solutions.
2016 Headquarters Facilities Master Security Plan - Chapter 1, Physical Security Describes DOE Headquarters Physical Security procedures related to badges, inspections, access controls, visitor controls, and removal of government property.
Development | Department of Energy Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development Information Security: Coordination of Federal Cyber Security Research and Development GAO recommends that the Office of Science and Technology Policy establish timelines for developing a federal agenda for cyber security research. GAO also recommends that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issue guidance to agencies for providing cyber security research data to
Implementing Advances in Transport Security Technologies Implementing Advances in Transport Security Technologies Implementing Advances in Transport Security Technologies More...
Global Security Global Security Analysis and Training Program Sr. Manager Toby Williams describes the GSAT program and its important role to combat radiological terrorism....
Gallery Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home Office of Radiological Security Office of Radiological Security NNSA Provides Tajikistan...
Office of Radiological ... Office of Radiological Security Read more about Y-12's contributions of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative to secure the world's most vulnerable...
Control System Unauthorized Password Change Vulnerability T-592: Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Secure Access Control System Unauthorized Password Change Vulnerability March 31, ...
to NSTC. Global Security Cooley joins Y-12's Global Security and Strategic Partnerships Manufacturing and Technical Services Nuclear Material Recovery Nuclear Detection and...
hrp Personnel Security Program NNSA is responsible for managing national nuclear security and supports several key program areas including Defense, Nuclear Nonproliferation, Naval Reactors, Emergency Operations, Infrastructure and Environment, Nuclear Security, Management and Administration and the Office of the Administrator.
The Office of Departmental Personnel Security serves as the central leader and advocate vested with the authority to ensure consistent and effective implementation of personnel security programs Department-wide (including for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).
The Departmental Cyber Security Management (DCSM) Policy was developed to further clarify and support the elements of the Integrated Safeguards and Security Management (ISSM) Policy regarding cyber security. Certified 9-23-10. No cancellation.
Security Review Processing Form Security Review Processing Form Security Review Process - Please review carefully. Security Acknowledge Form - Complete and return immediately. ...
Recertification of National Security Technologies, LLCNevada National Security Site as a ... of National Security Technologies, LLCNevada National Security Site during the period ...
Personal Security Clearance Record PIA - Richland Personal Security Clearance Record PIA - Richland Personal Security Clearance Record PIA - Richland Personal Security Clearance ...
Security and Cyber Guidance Security and Cyber Guidance Appraisal Process Guides Security Evaluations Appraisal Process Guide - April 2008 Cyber Security Evaluations Appraisal ...
Nevada National Security Site Proud Past, Exciting Future Nevada National Security Site Pre-Proposal Meeting November 19, 2015 Agenda * 8:30 am Welcome * 9:00 am Overview of NNSS and NFO * 10:00 am Break * 10:30 am NNSS Video * 11:00 am Questions * 11:30 am Lunch * 1:00 pm Solicitation Overview * 2:15 pm Break * 2:45 pm Questions * 4:00 pm Conclusion The Nevada National Security Site * Large geographically diverse outdoor laboratory - 1,360 square miles of federally owned and controlled land -
PRIVACY/SECURITY NOTICE By continuing to use this system you indicate your awareness of and consent to the following terms and conditions of use. LOG OFF IMMEDIATELY if you do not agree to the conditions stated in this warning. SECURITY NOTICE This Web site is part of a Federal computer system used to accomplish Federal functions. The Department of Energy monitors this Web site for security purposes to ensure it remains available to all users and to protect information in the system. The system
Building Performance Database Security (Updated 2015-02) The Department of Energy (DOE) ... controls to ensure the security of data stored in the Building Performance Database (BPD). ...
and operated with National Securities Technologies and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS), has fired its 3,000th shot. Originally...
7 budget for NNSA are available here. National Nuclear Security Administration Highlights FY'17 Budget Request Budget Request Reflects Commitment to Maintain a Safe, Secure, and...
- The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) today announced the recipients of the 2014 Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year Awards...
- The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) today announced the recipients of the 2014 Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year Awards...
- The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) today announced the recipients of the 2014 Bradley A. Peterson Federal and Contractor Security Professional of the Year Awards...
applying science and technology to homeland security challenges, and safety and security. ... through the Board of Governors, and functional managers of the parent organization ...
raised concerns about the individual's eligibility to maintain a security clearance. ... and (l), the individual's security clearance was suspended, and he requested a hearing. ...
... Security Acknowledgement * DOE F 472.1, Fair Credit Reporting Act Release Authorization ... Security Acknowledgement * DOE F 472.1, Fair Credit Reporting Act Release Authorization ...
National Security Environmental Stewardship Science and Technology Clean Energy Nuclear Materials Program Integration Strategic Development and Innovation Global Security SRNL Home ...
2015) Special Message from the Corporate Investigations Office REPORTING PERSONNEL SECURITY CONCERNS If you report an incident of security concern involving yourself or a...
Khurana, Himanshu; Hadley, Mark D.; Lu, Ning; Frincke, Deborah A.
TITLE: Smart-Grid Security Issues (Editorial Material, English) IEEE SECURITY & PRIVACY 8 (1). JAN-FEB 2010. p.81-85 IEEE COMPUTER SOC, LOS ALAMITOS
Debenedictis, Erik; Rothganger, Fredrick; Aimone, James Bradley; Marinella, Matthew; Evans, Brian Robert; Warrender, Christina E.; Mickel, Patrick
Final report for Cognitive Computing for Security LDRD 165613. It reports on the development of hybrid of general purpose/ne uromorphic computer architecture, with an emphasis on potential implementation with memristors.
To establish policies, responsibilities and authorities for implementing and sustaining the Department of Energy (DOE) Operations Security (OPSEC) Program. Cancels DOE O 5632.3B. Canceled by DOE O 471.2 of 9-28-1995.
1%2A en National Security Campus http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourlocationsnsc
The order establishes responsibilities and program planning and management requirements for the Safeguards and Security Program. Admin Chg 1, dated 2-15-13, supersedes DOE O 470.4B.
To establish the policy and responsibilities for the Department of Energy safeguards and security program. Does not cancel another directive. Canceled by DOE O 5630.11A dated 12-7-92.
3%2A en Defense Nuclear Security http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsnuclearsecurity
Pierson, L.G.; Tarman, T.D.
There has been some interest lately in the need for ``authenticated signalling``, and the development of signalling specifications by the ATM Forum that support this need. The purpose of this contribution is to show that if authenticated signalling is required, then supporting signalling facilities for directory services (i.e. key management) are also required. Furthermore, this contribution identifies other security related mechanisms that may also benefit from ATM-level signalling accommodations. For each of these mechanisms outlined here, an overview of the signalling issues and a rough cut at the required fields for supporting Information Elements are provided. Finally, since each of these security mechanisms are specified by a number of different standards, issues pertaining to the selection of a particular security mechanism at connection setup time (i.e. specification of a required ``Security Quality of Service``) are also discussed.
The Order establishes roles and responsibilities for the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security Program. Cancels DOE O 470.4. Canceled by DOE O 470.4B
HISTORYIn 1950, President Truman established what is now known as the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) to perform nuclear weapons testing activities.Â In support of national defense initiatives...
Council Reliable, secure, sustainable carbon energy solutions for the nation. Contact Albert Migliori (505) 663-5627 Email David Morris (505) 665 6487 Email David Watkins (50)5...
Security, LLC during a recognition event beginning at 9:30 a.m. Thursday, June 28, at Fuller Lodge in downtown Los Alamos. LANS contributions are determined by the number of...
Security (LANS), LLC during a recognition event beginning at 9:30 a.m. June 12, at Fuller Lodge in downtown Los Alamos. LANS contributions are determined by the number of...
Designated as the DOE official responsible for enforcement of 10 CFR 824 pertaining to the assessment of civil penalties for classified information security violations, and the management and administration of agency occupational safety and health program pursuant to EO 12196
Stewart, John; Halbgewachs, Ron; Chavez, Adrian; Smith, Rhett; Teumim, David
The manner in which the control systems are being designed and operated in the energy sector is undergoing some of the most significant changes in history due to the evolution of technology and the increasing number of interconnections to other system. With these changes however come two significant challenges that the energy sector must face; 1) Cyber security is more important than ever before, and 2) Cyber security is more complicated than ever before. A key requirement in helping utilities and vendors alike in meeting these challenges is interoperability. While interoperability has been present in much of the discussions relating to technology utilized within the energy sector and especially the Smart Grid, it has been absent in the context of cyber security. The Lemnos project addresses these challenges by focusing on the interoperability of devices utilized within utility control systems which support critical cyber security functions. In theory, interoperability is possible with many of the cyber security solutions available to utilities today. The reality is that the effort required to achieve cyber security interoperability is often a barrier for utilities. For example, consider IPSec, a widely-used Internet Protocol to define Virtual Private Networks, or tunnels , to communicate securely through untrusted public and private networks. The IPSec protocol suite has a significant number of configuration options and encryption parameters to choose from, which must be agreed upon and adopted by both parties establishing the tunnel. The exercise in getting software or devices from different vendors to interoperate is labor intensive and requires a significant amount of security expertise by the end user. Scale this effort to a significant number of devices operating over a large geographical area and the challenge becomes so overwhelming that it often leads utilities to pursue solutions from a single vendor. These single vendor solutions may inadvertently lock
Sets forth requirements for the DOE Incidents of Security Concern Program, including timely identification and notification of, response to, inquiry into, reporting of, and closure actions for incidents of security concern. Cancels Chapter VII of DOE O 470.1; DOE N 471.3; and Chapter IV of DOE M 471.2-1B (Note: Paragraphs 1 and 2 of Chapter III remain in effect.) Canceled by DOE O 470.4.
Executive Summary Energy, Climate, and Infrastructure Executive Summary / 3 Message from the VP Rick Stulen, Vice President Energy, Climate, & Infrastructure Security SMU Access to reliable, affordable, and sustainable sources of energy is essential for all modern economies. Since the late 1950s, we Americans have not been energy self-sufficient. Our addiction to foreign oil and fossil fuels puts our economy, our environment, and ultimately our national security at risk. Furthermore, there
companies get boost from Los Alamos National Security November 19, 2012 Venture Acceleration Fund awards help region's businesses grow LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, November 19, 2012- Two local biotech start ups, a water and power company and a hardware inventor are the latest recipients of $165,000 in Venture Acceleration Fund (VAF) awards from Los Alamos National Security, LLC. Mustomo, Inc., IX Power, Synfolia, and Tape-Ease will receive funding to take their products and services to the next
200 nonprofit organizations to receive monetary donations from Los Alamos National Security, LLC June 7, 2010 Employee volunteer efforts to be recognized LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, June 7, 2010-Nonprofit organizations are receiving more than $117,000 from Los Alamos National Security, LLC during a recognition event beginning at 9 a.m. Wednesday at Fuller Lodge in downtown Los Alamos. The monetary donations are being made to the nonprofits as a result of the volunteer efforts of Los Alamos National
8, 2006, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) announced the selection of National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec) to manage and operate the Nevada Test Site (NTS) for the NNSA Nevada Site Office. The contract, valued at approxi- mately $500 million annually, is for five years. There are poten- tially five additional perform- ance-based award-term years available under this contract. NSTec is made up of Northrop Grumman, AECOM, CH2M Hill, and Nuclear Fuel Services. Dr. James E.
The Secure Sensor Platform (SSP) software provides a framework of functionality to support the development of low-power autonomous sensors for nuclear safeguards. This framework provides four primary functional blocks of capabilities required to implement autonomous sensors. The capabilities are: communications, security, power management, and cryptography. Utilizing this framework establishes a common set of functional capabilities for seamless interoperability of any sensor based upon the SSP concept.
Quinby, Joseph D. (Albuquerque, NM); Hall, Clarence S. (Albuquerque, NM)
In a security apparatus for securing an electrical connector, a plug may be fitted for insertion into a connector receptacle compliant with a connector standard. The plug has at least one aperture adapted to engage at least one latch in the connector receptacle. An engagement member is adapted to partially extend through at least one aperture and lock to at least one structure within the connector receptacle.
Well Logging Security ... Well Logging Security Initiatives The mp4 video format is not supported by this browser. Download video Captions: On Watch as GTRI demonstrates the threat to the security of (oil) well logging systems and outlines the initiatives that are enhancing the security of these sources worldwide
(NNSA) Nevada National Security Site The Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) safely conducts high-hazard operations, testing, and training in support of NNSA, the U.S. Department of Defense, and other agencies. NNSS is run by National Security Technologies, LLC. Visit our website NNSS NNSS Related News NNSA Statement Regarding Nevada National Security Site Management & Operating Contract NNSA Awards Nevada National Security Site Management & Operating Contract to NVS3T NNSA
| (NNSA) Office of Secure Transportation The Office of Secure Transportation (OST) is managed by the National Nuclear Security Administration within the U. S. Department of Energy. OST is responsible for the safe and secure transport in the contiguous United States of government-owned special nuclear materials. These classified shipments can contain nuclear weapons or components, enriched uranium, or plutonium. The cargo is transported in highly modified secure tractor-trailers and escorted
nevada national security site NNSA Statement Regarding Nevada National Security Site Management & Operating Contract WASHINGTON - On August 26, 2016, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) awarded the contract for the management and operation of the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) to Nevada Site Science Support and Technologies Corporation (NVS3T). The... NNSA Awards Nevada National Security Site Management & Operating Contract to NVS3T
Department of Homeland Security NNSA Receives Excellence Award for Radiological Security Enhancements in Hawaii HONOLULU - At an official event this week, the City and County of Honolulu presented the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with the Homeland Security Excellence Award for DOE/NNSA's Office of Radiological Security's (ORS) efforts... NNSA to Participate in Aerial Radiation Training Exercise in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (WASHINGTON, D.C.) - On
Broader National Security ... Broader National Security Missions Learn more For 70 years, the Y-12 National Security Complex has transformed in response to changing national security priorities and assigned missions, evolving technological opportunities, and growing concerns regarding health and public safety. As the global security situation has changed, the site has adapted - beginning as a uranium enrichment facility, transforming to a weapons manufacturing facility, and accepting new
Security and Training Security and Training Instability in parts of the world and increased terrorist activities worldwide intensify security concerns in protecting personnel, materials and infrastructure. As a globally recognized leader in safeguards and security, Y-12 provides immediate and deployable solutions to mitigate these risks. We provide security solutions to other federal customers, other countries, commercial entities, universities and medical institutions, among others, and provide
Hawaii NNSA Receives Excellence Award for Radiological Security Enhancements in Hawaii HONOLULU - At an official event this week, the City and County of Honolulu presented the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with the Homeland Security Excellence Award for DOE/NNSA's Office of Radiological Security's (ORS) efforts
NRC NNSA Receives Excellence Award for Radiological Security Enhancements in Hawaii HONOLULU - At an official event this week, the City and County of Honolulu presented the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with the Homeland Security Excellence Award for DOE/NNSA's Office of Radiological Security's (ORS) efforts
containers NNSA Co-Hosts Nuclear Security Summit Workshop on Maritime Security with UK WASHINGTON - This week, the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) and the U.K. Department of Energy and Climate Change concluded a workshop at Wilton Park, United Kingdom, on the growing challenge of securing the global maritime supply chain. In
material NNSA Receives Excellence Award for Radiological Security Enhancements in Hawaii HONOLULU - At an official event this week, the City and County of Honolulu presented the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) with the Homeland Security Excellence Award for DOE/NNSA's Office of Radiological Security's (ORS) efforts