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Sample records for antilles nicaragua panama

  1. Colour and pattern variation of Oophaga pumilio in Nicaragua All articles available online at http://www.salamandra-journal.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vences, Miguel

    and Pleistocene phylogeographic origin of the strawberry poison frog, Oophaga pumilio, in Nicaragua Diana Galindo Abstract. The strawberry poison frog (Oophaga pumilio), occurring from Panama to northern Nicaragua, colouration. Introduction The Central American strawberry poison frog Oophaga pumilio has become an important

  2. Netherlands Antilles: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    country in North America. External Links Netherlands Antilles Renewable Energy Data from IEA Netherlands Antilles Contacts from Climate-Eval LowCarbonWorld Profile for Netherlands...

  3. Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

  4. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    Para La Gestión Del Agua En Nicaragua. Managua, Nicaragua:Primer Seminario Nacional de Agua Potable y Saneamiento. ”de la privatización del agua. ” Ediciones Educativas, Diseño

  5. Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Nicaragua from NREL...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nicaragua from NREL (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy...

  6. Comparing predicted and observed ground motions from subduction earthquakes in the Lesser Antilles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Comparing predicted and observed ground motions from subduction earthquakes in the Lesser Antilles in earthquake ground-motion prediction for the Lesser Antilles. Introduction The large (Mw7.4) earthquake). They found that for crustal earthquakes none of the nine considered GMPEs closely predicted the observed

  7. SEDIMENTATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL RESERVOIR: COSMOGENIC NUCLIDE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Kyle K.

    SEDIMENTATION OF THE PANAMA CANAL RESERVOIR: COSMOGENIC NUCLIDE ESTIMATES OF BACKGROUND SEDIMENT, the reservoir to the Panama Canal. In addition to water, the headwater basins supply sediment that reduces the background rates of sediment generation in a tropical montane environment. Development of the headwaters

  8. The Panama Canal: It's all about connectivity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama Canal: It's all

  9. Community Interactions In Tropical Forest Restoration And Environmental Governance In The Panama Canal Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweizer, Daniella

    2012-01-01

    AND ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE IN THE PANAMA CANAL WATERSHED Daniella M. Schweizer ABSTRACT Increased global

  10. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  11. Industrial Energy Conservation in Central America and Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oven, M. J.; Pashkevich, P. A.

    1985-01-01

    The Regional Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (RIEEP) is the largest and most comprehensive energy conservation effort in Central America and Panama. This paper describes the regional economic and energy situation leading up to the project...

  12. GEOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF VOLCANIC ROCK ON THE ISLAND OF SABA (NETHERLANDS ANTILLES)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    GEOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF VOLCANIC ROCK ON THE ISLAND OF SABA (NETHERLANDS ANTILLES) Richard Rijkers 1 & Robert Hack 2 ABSTRACT A geomechanical analysis of a shallow small scale landslide, (NITG-TNO), Geomechanical Research, PO box 97, 2600 JA Delft, The Netherlands, tel.: +31 15 2697222, r

  13. Bundling ecosystem services in the Panama Canal watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    regulation through carbon sequestration. The Panama Canal watershed is currently being reforested to protect not necessarily increase water sup- ply, but does increase carbon sequestration and timber production. water on dry-season water flows, timber production, and carbon sequestration across the watershed and to test

  14. Gravity changes and passive SO2 degassing at the Masaya caldera complex, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams-Jones, Glyn

    Gravity changes and passive SO2 degassing at the Masaya caldera complex, Nicaragua Glyn Williams-gravity; passive degassing; persistent activity; convection 1. Introduction Located in western Nicaragua, Masaya. The main edi¢ce-building activity 0377-0273 / 03 / $ ^ see front matter ß 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All

  15. Incorporation of plastics and other recyclables into building materials in Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohlmacher, Christopher J

    2011-01-01

    For three communities in Nicaragua: Bluefields, Little Corn Island, and Corn Island, incentives are needed to motivate residents to not burn their trash and recyclables. There are various methods that could encourage ...

  16. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    The Potential Role of Renewable  Energy in Meeting the reducing risk: renewable energy policies for Nicaragua  ( literature.  Renewable and  Sustainable Energy Reviews, 13(

  17. Development of Panama as a logistics hub and the impact on Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muñoz, Daniel, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    The Panamanian government is executing an aggressive economic growth initiative to transform the country into a regional logistics hub, like Singapore or Dubai. Two elements of the initiative are expansion of the Panama ...

  18. Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Catherine

    Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama S E B) to estimate the carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation; and (3 show the potential for considerable carbon sequestration of tropical afforestation and highlight

  19. Domestication of the neotropical tree Chrysophyllum cainito from a geographically limited yet genetically diverse gene pool in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ingrid M.

    2014-01-01

    genetically diverse gene pool in Panama Jennifer J. Petersenincorporating a diverse gene pool. These results refute theof human influences on gene pools through selection and

  20. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    reducing risk: renewable energy policies for Nicaragua  ( policies Energy Supply  Reduction of fossil fuel subsidies  Taxes or carbon charges on fossil fuels   Feed?in tariffs for renewable 

  1. "We Are Even Poorer, But There Is More Work" An Ethnographic Analysis of Ecotourism in Nicaragua 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Carter A.

    2010-01-14

    -revolutionary election in 2006 led to another peaceful transition of power in 2007. Mechanisms for effectively managing natural resources and promoting sustainable development are important for continuing this progress and ensuring a better future for Nicaragua... conversion more efficient Stronza (2007) later demonstrated this relationship empirically in Peru, where new household income contributed to increased means of production. Stem and others (2003) determined that employment in ecotourism is simply...

  2. A Process Modelling Framework for Formal Validation of Panama Canal System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Mark

    1 A Process Modelling Framework for Formal Validation of Panama Canal System Operations John) and will even provide for continued operations while sections of the canal system are undergoing maintenance. Design for automation in large-scale system operations is challenging because in addition to making sure

  3. Coupled climate impacts of the Drake Passage and the Panama Seaway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013 Abstract Tectonically-active gateways between ocean basins have the transport of salt by ocean circulation, with the Panama Seaway allowing fresh Pacific water to be imported Antarctica, even in the absence of land-ice feedbacks. These results emphasize the importance of tectonic

  4. A new species of Ptiloglossa from Mexico, with new records of Ptiloglossa cyaniventris from Panama and Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Colletidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala, Ricardo; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-06-30

    A new bee species of the genus Ptiloglossa Smith (Colletidae: Diphaglossinae: Caupolicanini) is described and figured from Jalisco, Mexico, while new records are provided for Ptiloglossa cyaniventris Friese from Panama and ...

  5. Electrical power systems (Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, Panama and Peru)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This 12-part set of reports contains market information on the following countries and topics: Brazil - potentiometers, steam turbines, gas turbines, electric generators; Chile - power systems; Colombia - electric generators; Dominican Republic - electric generators; Guatemala - power generation and distribution equipment, non-current carriers, electric generators, and turbines; Jamaica - power systems; Panama - power generation and control equipment; and Peru - power generation equipment. These reports have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  6. Evidence for static stress changes triggering the 1999 eruption of Cerro Negro Volcano, Nicaragua and regional aftershock sequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Charles

    Evidence for static stress changes triggering the 1999 eruption of Cerro Negro Volcano, Nicaragua explain this coupling through static stress changes following three Mw 5.2 earthquakes. We use focal seismicity and volcanism, and suggests that these small changes in static stress can trigger subsequent

  7. DOE's Program Regulating Liquefied Natural Gas Export Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of...

  8. The Social Impact of the Development of a Copper Mine on the Ngöbe Bugle Indigenous Community of Cerro Colorado in the Republic of Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mezquita, Jose

    2010-11-23

    This dissertation explores the situations which have been taking place within Panama with regards to the emergence of a mining sector. A very controversial topic, this dissertation looks to analyse the social impact mining ...

  9. Self-potential, soil co2 flux, and temperature on masaya volcano, nicaragua

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewicki, J.L.; Connor, C.; St-Amand, K.; Stix, J.; Spinner, W.

    2003-07-01

    We investigate the spatial relationship between self-potential (SP), soil CO{sub 2} flux, and temperature and the mechanisms that produce SP anomalies on the flanks of Masaya volcano, Nicaragua. We measured SP, soil CO{sub 2} fluxes (<1 to 5.0 x 10{sup 4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1}), and temperatures (26 to 80 C) within an area surrounding a normal fault, adjacent to Comalito cinder cone (2002-2003). These variables are well spatially correlated. Wavelengths of SP anomalies are {le}100 m, and high horizontal SP gradients flank the region of elevated flux and temperature. Carbon isotopic compositions of soil CO{sub 2} ({delta}{sup 13}C = -3.3 to -1.1{per_thousand}) indicate a deep gas origin. Given the presence of a deep water table (100 to 150 m), high gas flow rates, and subsurface temperatures above liquid boiling points, we suggest that rapid fluid disruption is primarily responsible for positive SP anomalies here. Concurrent measurement of SP, soil CO{sub 2} flux, and temperature may be a useful tool to monitor intrusive activity.

  10. 3-D Magnetotelluric Investigations for geothermal exploration in Martinique (Lesser Antilles). Characteristic Deep Resistivity Structures, and Shallow Resistivity Distribution Matching Heliborne TEM Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coppo, Nicolas; Girard, Jean-François; Wawrzyniak, Pierre; Hautot, Sophie; Tarits, Pascal; Jacob, Thomas; Martelet, Guillaume; Mathieu, Francis; Gadalia, Alain; Bouchot, Vincent; Traineau, Hervé

    2015-01-01

    Within the framework of a global French program oriented towards the development of renewable energies, Martinique Island (Lesser Antilles, France) has been extensively investigated (from 2012 to 2013) through an integrated multi-methods approach, with the aim to define precisely the potential geothermal ressources, previously highlighted (Sanjuan et al., 2003). Amongst the common investigation methods deployed, we carried out three magnetotelluric (MT) surveys located above three of the most promising geothermal fields of Martinique, namely the Anses d'Arlet, the Montagne Pel{\\'e}e and the Pitons du Carbet prospects. A total of about 100 MT stations were acquired showing single or multi-dimensional behaviors and static shift effects. After processing data with remote reference, 3-D MT inversions of the four complex elements of MT impedance tensor without pre-static-shift correction, have been performed for each sector, providing three 3-D resistivity models down to about 12 to 30 km depth. The sea coast effe...

  11. The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Emily D.

    2010-01-01

    Syria Germany France Germany Turkey Venezuela Thailand EgyptGermany Japan Panama Japan Nicaragua Japan Mexico TurkeyTurkey Mexico Italy Grenada Cuba El Salvador Russia Afgha nista n Korea Germany

  12. International Services Fall 2011 Total Enrollment = 1745

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Engineering Public Health Chemistry Business Administration Electrical Engineering 34 35 35 35 40 48 55 60 75.3% Guatemala 5 0.3% Nicaragua 5 0.3% Egypt 4 0.2% Czech Republic 4 0.2% Switzerland 4 0.2% Netherlands Antilles

  13. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  14. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: Regional assessment. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  15. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II: Country assessments. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  16. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: regional assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  17. PostQuantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin D oring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama

  18. Post-Quantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin Doring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland

  19. Telmaco Talavera Siles Presidente CNU / Rector UNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Nicaragua, Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade (MIFIC) & National Free Zone Commission (CNZF Free Trade Agreements United States, Mexico, Panama, Taiwan, Dominican Republic, Chile & European Union. ²Includes Sewage System. Sources: Central Bank, Ministry of Tourism and National Free Zone Commission

  20. Instrucci󮠎?ica (1587) by Diego Garc?de Palacio: an early nautical handbook from Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laanela, Erika Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    for coasting, to the galleons and massive naos used on the trans-Atlantic routes. By the end of the 16th century, the Spanish colonial administration had established shipyards in Cuba, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Peru to meet the growing demand... of Nicaragua to oversee the construction of two Manila galleons.39 El Realejo was an entrep?t for trade with Peru and had an established shipyard assembling vessels for local and trans-Pacific routes. In 1560, the town was reported as having a population...

  1. Nicaragua-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to:Inc Jump to:of TexasJump

  2. Nicaragua: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd congressionalNearshore WindparkNexus

  3. The internal tide off Panama City, Florida 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boston, Noel Edward James

    1963-01-01

    water. The phenomenon was also noted by slowly moving steamers but when their speed was in- creased to a few knots the resistance disappeared. This "dead water" effect was par'ticular'ly striking to Fridjof Nansen during his polar cruise in the FRAN...

  4. Panama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomar VenturesEnergyJit(CTI PFAN)

  5. A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram | OpenEnergyEvaluation |Island,Approach To

  6. A New Geothermal Resource Map Of Nicaragua | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAand Dalton JumpProgram | OpenEnergyEvaluation |Island,Approach ToResource

  7. Nicaragua-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd congressionalNearshore WindparkNexus Energy(RECP) in

  8. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    1993. Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las1993. Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las

  9. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    offshore environments more influenced by oceanic conditions including seasonally strong windoffshore environments more influenced by oceanic conditions including seasonally strong wind

  10. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    of fringing reefs in Barbados, West Indies. Coral Reefs 3:Pleistocene coral reefs on Barbados, West Indies. Sciencecommunities on fringing reefs, Barbados, West Indies. Marine

  11. Historical change in coral reef communities in Caribbean Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cramer, Katie Lynn

    2011-01-01

    WF. 2001. Evolutionary paleoecology of Caribbean coralEds. ), Evolutionary Paleoecology: The Ecological Context ofto the wonderful world of paleoecology and for sharing your

  12. Panama-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomar VenturesEnergyJit(CTI PFAN) |

  13. Panama-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPan African

  14. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II. country assesments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This volume presents a country-by-country energy assessment of six Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. For each country it includes an assessment of geographic, social, and economic aspects of energy development, an assessment of energy resources, current and projected energy use, potential strategies for energy development, and finally recommendations to USAID for the orientation of its energy development programs. Each country assessment is supplemented with a summary of energy R and D activities and a description of each country's energy-related institutions.

  15. pour obtenir le grade de Docteur de l'Universit des Antilles et de la Guyane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Néanmoins, des mercis spéciaux à Raphaël Achard le sauveur dégazeur, Philippe Tixier et Pierre Direction du CIRAD m'a également toujours soutenue ; merci en particulier à Jean-Pierre Gaillard, Jacky monde que nous espérons meilleurs : Pierre Beaujard, François Leclant, Daniel Barreteau... Heureusement

  16. A study of the Antilles Current using moored current meter arrays 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maloney, William Everett

    1967-01-01

    characteristics of the Savcnius rotor have been reported previously by Gaul (1962). The output from the current meter is a ro11 of 16 mm photographic film containing current direction and speed data, data on case inclination, and timing pulses. An example... the summer npeia ions, wind directions and speeds were typical for this subtropical latitude being gener;illy out of the east at Table 2. Mooring nositioning data. oorlpg; I I IFix No. !:Date, " Time I !I, " L'ST :I ~L*'- 0. ! I ILongitude Il...

  17. 87Sr/86Sr Chronostratigraphy and Dolomitization History of the Seroe Domi Formation, Curaao, Netherlands Antilles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fouke, Bruce W.

    . A.J. Melillo, Chevron U.S.A. Inc., 935 Gravier Street, New Orleans, LA 70112 KEYWORDS: SEDIMENTOLOGY, STRATIGRAPHY, DOLOMITIZATION, SR ISOTOPE AGE MODELS, MIXING ZONE, MIOCENE, PLIOCENE, PLEISTOCENE, WATER-ROCK INTERACTION CONTENT Summary 1. Introduction 2. Geological Setting 3. Methods 4. Lithofacies and Stratigraphy 5

  18. DEPOSITIONAL AND PALEOENVIRONMENTAL SETTINGS OF CRETACEOUS LIMESTONES IN THE GREATER ANTILLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonilla-Rodrí guez, Alvin J.

    2014-12-31

    ranges. In particular, this study shows the practical uses of strontium isotope stratigraphy in tectonically complex areas that lack good biostratigraphic controls. Our results show similar strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) derived ages from the middle...

  19. Dominican Republic-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOEDixmont, Maine: EnergyOpenDomeOpen Energy

  20. Jamaica-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro Jump to: navigation,JumpIAEA Energy Planning Jump

  1. Haiti-Low-Carbon Energy Roadmaps for the Greater Antilles | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to:WindInformation Low-Carbon

  2. Central America and Cuba in the new world order

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, W.; Gilbert, L.

    1994-03-01

    In Central America and the Caribbean, as in many other parts of the world, military institutions are being forced to define new roles for themselves in the post-Cold War era. In recent times, developments throughout the region, including the dismantling of Panama`s military, the downsizing of the armed forces in El Salvador and Nicaragua, a call by the new Honduran president for military reform and renewed peace talks in Guatemala, suggest that the time may be ripe to reinvigorate earlier regional political organizations and to press for a new round of talks to achieve regional arms control. During the 1980s, the ideological struggle between East and West, reignited by the Nicaraguan revolution in 1979, dragged the entire region into conflicts that devastated the isthmus in terms of human lives and economic infrastructure. Indigenous struggles that had developed during the 1970s were suddenly thrust upon the international stage, becoming part of a larger drama between the superpowers. Conflicts in El Salvador, Nicaragua and Guatemala provided impetus for larger armed forces throughout the region. This growth was justified as necessary to defend the state from external intervention and the established order from internal subversion, goals which were seen as complementary.

  3. Does Agricultural Liberalization Reduce Rural Welfare in Less Developed Countries? The Case of CAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Yunez Naude, Antonio; Jesurun-Clements, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    in El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala y Nicaragua or financialgroups in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.countries: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua (

  4. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Bissau, Honduras, Iraq, Liberia, Mozambique, Nicaragua,Ghana*, India, Kuwait*, Liberia*, Luxembourg*, Madagascar,

  5. NETHERLANDS SWITZERLAND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Daeyeol

    ANTILLES SAINT KITTS & NEVIS SAINT LUCIA BARBADOS SAINT VINCENT TRINIDAD & TOBAGO URUGUAY ECUADOR VENEZUELA GRENADA LESSER ANTILLES SAINT KITTS & NEVIS SAINT LUCIA BARBADOS SAINT VINCENT TRINIDAD & TOBAGO URUGUAY

  6. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  7. Soil erosion and conservation as affcted by land use and land tenure, El Pital Watershed, Nicaragua 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somarriba-Chang, Matilde de los Angeles

    1997-01-01

    . This trend is associated with increased fragmentation of farms associated with the agrarian reform activities of the 1980's, during which many of the large land-holdings were confiscated and redistributed to many peasant families. Also the increasing...

  8. The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

    2010-01-01

    Bosnia- Herzegovina a Decade Beyond War. Annals of AmericanBrauer, J. The Effect of War on the Natural Environment.of the Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991: Remote Sensing Datasets

  9. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    Change in Brazilian Water Politics. Oxford University Press.Valley and the Moral Economy of Water. MIT Press. Assies, W.Goliath in Cochabamba: Water Rights, Neoliberalism, and the

  10. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    agricultural, community, and rural development agencies,state actors. CAPS and rural communities also must confrontaffects us [as CAPS and rural communities] in these small

  11. A Cinematic Dialogue between Nicaragua and Costa Rica: Shaping a Transnational Cinema through Filmic Exchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsch, Stacy Elaine

    2007-07-19

    This thesis focuses on the ways in which Costa Rican filmmakers and the Centro Costarricense de Producción Cinematográfica (CCPC) privileged the social documentary format of the New Latin American Cinema (NLAC) movement to critically view current...

  12. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    the CAPS as social and political actors than either a CPR orproviders as potential political actors, much scholarshipas social and political actors. The CAPS’ collective

  13. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    Structure of Nicaraguan Agriculture and the Sandinista Agrarianstructures of MIDINRA [Ministry of Agricultural Development and Agrarian

  14. Genomic Approaches to Virus Detection and Discovery in Acute Pediatric Illness in Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yozwiak, Nathan Lawrence

    2011-01-01

    of the enterovirus 3?-UTR. Virus Res 139:209-216. Zuker M.Metapneumovirus by Use of a Pan-Virus Microarray. J Clinmurine encephalomyelitis virus in human infections. Proc.

  15. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    the country (“Agua, Biodiversidad, y Cambio Climático…Unidosalso Chapter 4): “Agua, Biodiversidad y Cambio Climáctico:

  16. GENETIC STRUCTURE AND BIODEMOGRAPHY OF THE RAMA AMERINDIANS FROM THE SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN COAST OF NICARAGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldi Salas, Norberto Francisco

    2013-05-31

    of local indigenous populations. The fields of anthropological genetics, historical linguistics, and archaeology agree that long term isolation of this region shaped a particular sociocultural trajectory and population structure. However, integration..., bioanthropological, and archaeological studies (Conzemius 1938; De Stefano 1973; Drolet 1980; Gassiot and Estévez 2004; Helms 1969; Ibarra 2011a; Linares and Ranere 1980; Magnus 1974; Offen 1999; Offen 2002; Romero 1995; Smutko 1988; Snarskis 1992; Steward...

  17. Participation is not enough : associations and local government in the social fund of Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Jonathan (Jonathan Alexander)

    2010-01-01

    Community participation in development projects, in which billions of dollars are invested every year, has become quite controversial. While these initiatives can be beneficial, many participatory projects fall short of ...

  18. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01

    conservación, desarrollo, uso, aprovechamiento sostenible,Desarrollo Económico y Social (ODESAR), Servicio de Información Mesoamericano sobre Agricultura Sostenible (

  19. The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

    2010-01-01

    Lughod, D. 2000. Failed Buyout: Land Rights for the ContraLughod, D. 2000. Failed Buyout: Land Rights for the Contra

  20. Exploration of Potential Reservoir Hosts and Vectors of Leishmania in Nicaragua 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond, Russell Wayne

    2009-05-15

    Leishmaniasis is caused by infection with protozoan parasites within the genus Leishmania and, in the New World, is transmitted by the bites of female sand flies within the genus Lutzomyia. The occurrence of leishmaniasis ...

  1. The Political Ecology of Food Insecurity in Smallholder Coffee Cooperatives in Northern Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putnam, Heather Renee

    2013-05-31

    Rainy season Avg. thin months (4.63mo) Highest food prices Lowest food prices Plant grains and gardens... companies and organizations with development organizations and agencies internationally and locally. However, the focus on higher-paying specialty and alternative markets also had the negative – but not unpredictable – effect of farmers 5 planting more...

  2. Will Nicaragua's Interoceanic Canal Result in an Environmental Catastrophe for Central America?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    .S. transcontinental railroad connected the east and west coasts,1 and make the lake an ideal route for an interoceanic

  3. Soil phosphorus status and fertilizer use in select agricutural soils in Nicaragua 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niemeyer, Patrick G

    2001-01-01

    A survey of small, medium and large Nicaraguan producers indicated a heavy reliance on imported complete fertilizer. Analysis of soils sampled from the large-scale commercial producers found low P retention in the lowland heavy clay soils...

  4. Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to:Inc Jump to:of TexasJump|

  5. Nicaragua-San Jacinto-Tizate Geothermal Power Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to:Information 3rd congressionalNearshore WindparkNexus Energy(RECP)

  6. Community Interactions In Tropical Forest Restoration And Environmental Governance In The Panama Canal Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweizer, Daniella

    2012-01-01

    politics and economics as the core of environmental issues (environmental degradation, with the role that politics and economics play on those issues.

  7. The Key to All the Indies: Defense of the Isthmus of Panama 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuBard, Bryana

    2013-04-09

    to Nombre de Dios until 1597, and after that to Portobelo. Once the bullion arrived at the Caribbean port cities it was transferred to the ships of the Armada de la Guardia de la Carrera de Indias and shipped across the Atlantic to the royal coffers of Spain...

  8. Geomorphic Evaluation of Radar Imagery of Southeastern Panama and Northwestern Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Anthony J.

    1971-02-01

    Layover. • • • • • • • • • • • • 35 2.4 2.5 Radar Power Return. . • • • • • • • • • • • • • • · . . 2.4. 1 Slope Determination from Radar Power Return. • Radar Shadow . • • ... . • . • • . . .* ~ • • • • • • • 2.5. 1 Types of Elevated Terrain... Features within the Study Area • • 79 3.3. 1.1 Shoreline Coastal Configuration. 79 3.3.1.2 Tidal Flats. . . . • • • . . • . • .• 79 3.3.1.3 Mangrove Coasts • . 0 • • • • 0 82 3.3.1.4 Beach Ridges and Wave Refraction.. 82 3.3. 1.5 Barrier Reefs and Surf...

  9. Desiccation Tolerance of Five Tropical Seedlings in Panama. Relationship to a Field Assessment of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    -pressure flowmeter, and whole-stem hydraulic conductance was measured by a vacuum chamber method. Leaf punches (5 stages, from slightly wilted to dead. Saturated root hydraulic conductance was measured with a high

  10. Prudence in Panama: George H.W. Bush, Noriega, and economic aid, May 1989-May 1990 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanton, Troy Franklin

    2007-04-25

    -month period between May 1989 and May 1990. It was the first military action without Cold War priorities for the United States and first attempt at economic restoration in what would become standard practice for later administrations. Scholars have...

  11. Long-Term Sediment Generation Rates for the Upper Rio Chagres Basin: Implications for Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nichols, Kyle K.

    Chapter 19 Long-Term Sediment Generation Rates for the Upper Rio Chagres Basin: Implications: We measured in situ-produced cosmogenic 10 Be in 17 sand-sized sediment samples (0.25 to 0.85 mm) to estimate the rate and distribution of sediment generation in the upper Chagres watershed over the last 10

  12. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mexico. Micronesia. Moldova. Monaco. Mongolia. Montenegro. Morocco. Mozambique. Myanmar. Namibia. Nauru. Nepal. Netherlands. Netherlands Antilles.

  13. Community Interactions In Tropical Forest Restoration And Environmental Governance In The Panama Canal Watershed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweizer, Daniella

    2012-01-01

    2008. Plan de desarrollo sostenible y gestion integrada deWatershed (Plan de Desarrollo Sostenible y Gestion Integrada

  14. The Immature Stages of the Subfamily Phlebotominae in Panama (Diptera: Psychodidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Wilford J.

    1968-01-01

    , as well as mold and other micro-organisms, might readily be utilised by the larvae, judging from observations of laboratory cultures. P. panamensls has been observed feeding cm moist lichens, and several species readily feed on certain molds.... jpanamensis, etc.). In laboratory cultures mites, if in large numbers, will attack the larvae and on at least one occasion a small species of ant obtained entrance and killed several larvae. Molds ordinarily are not troublesome except for certain species...

  15. Bridging the gap : boundary-less bureaucrats and gang reintegration in Panama City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeManche, Paul J. D. (Paul Joseph Drake)

    2013-01-01

    In a small and shrinking world there is pressure for planners and policymakers across the globe to import policy and program models that have worked in other cities and countries. Often lost in the process of transporting ...

  16. The Implications of Panama Canal Expansion to U.S. Ports and Coastal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Shipbuilding Trends .............................................................................5 Vessel

  17. Opportunities and challenges of investing in emerging markets : a case study of Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganster, Marianne (Marianne Theresa)

    2007-01-01

    Many Real Estate investment firms are looking to the world's emerging economies in their real estate investment strategies to seek optimal returns in opaque or inefficient markets. Although these investments carry increased ...

  18. Panama-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpen Energy Information

  19. Feasibility studies of a power interconnection system for Central American countries: SIEPAC project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, T.; Enamorado, J.C. (Univ. Pontificia Comillas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica); Vela, A. (Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, Madrid (Spain))

    1994-06-01

    The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC project which consists of a 1,678 km long 500 kV ac power transmission line that would link the six electrical systems of the region through seven power substations (one for each country and two in Panama), installed close to the highest demand national centers and six control centers of energy (one for each country) to allow coordinated operation of the interconnection.This project also considers a set of complementary assets (230 ac power transmission lines into some countries and the border transmission line between El Salvador and Honduras, and various other equipment). The power transmission line will greatly reinforce the actual border interconnections, which have a reduced capacity of exchange and technical problems associated with the stability of a weak longitudinal system. On the other hand, economic savings for the region would be achieved, coming from a higher coordination level in the operation and planning of their systems.

  20. Fighting Intervention in Nicaragua in the Age of British-American Conflict 1820-1920: Dr. and General Benjamin F. Zeledón Supreme Chief of Government of Nicaragua in Rebellion 1909-1912

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Sergio A.

    2010-01-01

    Memorias para la Historia del Antiguo Reino de Guatemala. 2vols. (Guatemala: Tip. Nacional, 1971) pp. 10, 55 y MarioDeath and Resurrection in Guatemala. Orbis Books Maryknoll,

  1. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    for an anaerobic digester.  .. 100  parameters for anaerobic digester  System lifetime (years) values for an anaerobic digester.  The system design costs 

  2. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    quality in the Kenyan solar photovoltaics industry.  Energy such as wind or solar photovoltaics (PV), used to turbine (class 2)  Solar photovoltaics  Table 16: Lifetime 

  3. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    House, D.  W.  (2006).  Biogas Handbook.  Alternative House term operation of a  small biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine generation with  biogas in Costa Rica.  Retrieved from 

  4. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    The Potential Role of Renewable  Energy in Meeting the Unlocking potential, reducing risk: renewable energy potential  benefits of conservation and renewable energy 

  5. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    In an attempt to  maximize income, small scale producers, players  could play to maximize income, subject to the where fishers tried  to maximize their income without any 

  6. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    as education, health care, clean water, and electricity (education, depth and intensity of income poverty, and  standard of living (cooking fuel, toilet, water, electricity, 

  7. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    Wind turbine . have taken me from wind turbines to playing games with diesel plant capacity Wind turbine (class 2) Replace street 

  8. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    Worldwide Status of Wind/Diesel Applications.  Proceedings Elliot, G.  (1994).  Wind?Diesel Systems: A Guide to the cost 2010 $/kWh Wind turbine Diesel marginal generation cost

  9. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    used in calculations  Diesel fuel price: 1.06 $/liter  This generation is equal to diesel fuel price / (9.84 kWh/liter eight years, the average price of diesel fuel has more than 

  10. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    the case of diesel microgrids.  SAPIENS, 5(1), 1–9.  Rural Electrification Using Microgrids.  Journal of Energy the case with diesel microgrids.  While grid extension is 

  11. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    CCE     Cost of Conserved Energy  CDM    Clean Development Clean Energy and Water Project  demonstrates that there are many available opportunities for rapidly and cost 

  12. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    benefits than wind and solar, whose lifetime costs are tied elevated lifetime costs for both wind and solar.   Thus, Table 16: Lifetime costs for wind/solar integration into 

  13. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    in a need for battery  storage in order to capture the wind regime,  greater battery storage is needed.  Possible some quantity of battery storage capacity to minimize 

  14. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    In the case of renewable  generation, the energy supplied to renewable energy sources.  Community?level case  studies 

  15. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    1993).  Conserved  energy supply curves for US buildings.  The Economics of Conserved?Energy’Supply’Curves.  Energy electricity sector . 13   Community level energy supply 

  16. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    plant   98   Displacement of diesel using wind and solar energy  .. plant  Efficiency  Displacement of diesel using wind and solar energy 

  17. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    The performance of several wind turbines was modeled using the micro?grid.  The wind turbine’s power curve  has been in comparison to other wind turbines available in North 

  18. In the Footsteps of Sandino: Geographies of Revolution and Political Violence in Northern Nicaragua, 1956-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sierakowski, Robert James

    2012-01-01

    intersection of unjust agrarian structures and US backingthe traditional agrarian structure and regional geography

  19. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    102   Kuznets Gini coefficients, and Kuznets  ratios were computed for Gini coefficients and Kuznets ratios were used in order to 

  20. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    to baseline marginal generation cost and the marginal loss to baseline marginal generation cost and the  marginal loss operation, and maintenance costs for distributed generation 

  1. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    solar.   Thus, energy produced by the wind turbine outside Wind turbine (class 2)  Income  share of  top 20%  Gini  Energy 

  2. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    The Potential Role of Renewable  Energy in Meeting the A review of literature.  Renewable and  Sustainable Energy potential, reducing risk: renewable energy policies for 

  3. In the Footsteps of Sandino: Geographies of Revolution and Political Violence in Northern Nicaragua, 1956-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sierakowski, Robert James

    2012-01-01

    Investigación del Desarrollo Sostenible de Las Segovias. LaInvestigación del Desarrollo Sostenible de Las Segovias, La

  4. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    and economic assessment of off?grid, mini? grid and grid and economic assessment of off?grid, mini?grid and grid 

  5. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    such as lumber, cacao, coconut,  banana, and African palm.  minerals,  fishing, coconut  Neoliberalism.  Reduced  role such as African palm, coconut, mining,  fishing, and 

  6. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    support scheme for hybrid PV/diesel systems in isolated diesel systems operate most efficiently when running  at greater loads, therefore such  hybrid 

  7. In the Footsteps of Sandino: Geographies of Revolution and Political Violence in Northern Nicaragua, 1956-1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sierakowski, Robert James

    2012-01-01

    Julio Quintana and René Schick, future Liberal politiciansthe civilian government of René Schick permitted a certainWith the sudden death of Schick in August 1966, though, the

  8. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    the need for energy providers to pay close  attention to may help encourage energy providers and policy makers to ongoing costs to the energy provider caused by the need for 

  9. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    capacity Wind turbine (class 2) Replace street light sensorscapacity Wind turbine (class 2) Replace street light sensorscapacity Wind turbine (class 2) Replace street light sensors

  10. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    Energy Policy  and Project Development Support (pp.  2–3).  and  implement projects, development institutions collect, and implement projects, development institutions collect, 

  11. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    feasibility of electricity generation with  biogas in Costa biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine for on?farm electricity generation.  kWh/day)   Electricity generation (kWh/day) from biogas 

  12. Abstract This paper is part of a two-year study to investigate the feasibility of initiating a Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project in an indigenous com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada H. Barrios Universidad de Panama´, Panama´, Panama´ J. Guainora Æ J. Rui´z Ipeti´-Embera´, Panama´, Panama´ C. Potvin Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute / Accepted: 26 September 2006 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006 #12;suggest that the total carbon

  13. The sweet burnt smell of history : a self-reflexive analysis on the conception of the 8th Panama Biennial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arriola Ranc, Magali

    2009-01-01

    utopian goal. ” 24 The White City is generally recognized for its contribution to urban planning, arts, and architecture,

  14. Petroleum geology of Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America, from Guatemala to Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scrutton, M.E.; Escalante, G.F.

    1986-07-01

    Exploration for hydrocarbons along the Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America has been limited and spasmodic. Less than 100 exploration wells have been drilled, with nearly 50 of these being in the Santa Elena, Progreso, and Guayas basins in Ecuador. Shows have been reported in some wells, and a few oil seeps are known. The only commercial production established to date has been from the Santa Elena Peninsula in Ecuador in the extreme south of the study area. Understanding of the geology in this part of the continental margin is incomplete at best. This paper reviews present-day knowledge in an attempt to define the sedimentary basins better, to characterize their structure and stratigraphy, and to assess their petroleum prospects. The area of continental margin reviewed is to the north, located northwest of the trench system where oceanic crust of the Cocos plate subducts under the Caribbean plate, and to the south, where the northern part of the Nazca plate collides with the South American plate. This plate tectonic setting forms the framework on which local structural and sedimentary events have created a series of relatively small trench-slope and forearc basins in what is now the coastal plain and adjacent offshore area of Central and South America, south or west of a line of mountain ranges with active volcanism. Sedimentary fill is generally of Tertiary age. The basins and subbasins recognized and described include: in Ecuador - Guayas, Santa Elena, Progreso, Valdivia, Bajo Grande, Manta, Muisne-Esmeraldas, and Borbon; in Colombia - Choco-Pacific; in Panama - Gulf of Panama basin complex (Santiago, Tonosi, Sambu), and Burica-Chiriqui; in Costa Rica - Terraba and Coronado/Tempisque; in Nicaragua - San Juan del Sur; and in the Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala - the Pacific coastal basin.

  15. Tidal constituent database. West Coast of the United States and Eastern North pacific ocean. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This technical note describes a database of tidal elevation boundary condition information generated in support of the `Long-Term Fate of Dredged Material Disposed in Open Water` research of the Dredging Research Program (DRP), being conducted at the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The database, described in detail by Hench and others (1994), allows the user to manually generate time series of tidal elevations or to use a program to access the full database to generate time series of both tidal elevations and currents for any location along the West Coast of the United States and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, extending from Seal Cape on Unimak Island, Alaska, in the North to Punta Parada, Peru, in the South. The land boundary includes the Pacific shorelines of Alaska, Canada, mainland United States, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, and Northern Peru. Although the capability to generate these time series was developed to provide input to the Long-Term Fate and Stability Model (LTFATE), the generated time series can be used for any application requiring tidal forcing data.

  16. Department of Energy, Indefinite Delivery Indefinite Quantity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    country (Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, or Singapore); 61 November 2012...

  17. Culture Production and Social Networks: Case Studies of Local Churches in Former Refugee and Displaced Persons Communities in Nicaragua and El Salvador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offutt, Stephen

    This paper investigates how culture is produced and transmitted within communities populated by former Central American refugees and internally displaced peoples. Local churches in these communities produce culture and ...

  18. Combating Child Labor through DESTINO - Reducing Child Labor in Panama: An Impact Evaluation of a Department of Labor-Funded Initiative 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andisha, Nasir; Chiquito-Saban, Oscar; Emmerich, Eduardo; Figueroa, Aurelia; Jiang, Yuewen; Hui-Lee, Jun; Manning, Darren; Ortega-Sanchez, Alejandra

    2009-01-01

    The Western Ledge Reef Wreck, discovered and later excavated in Bermuda between 1989 and 1991, is a prime example of Iberian shipbuilding within a broader Atlantic context. Operating during the late 16th-century, arguably ...

  19. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Montserrat

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-09-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Montserrat, a British overseas territory located in the northern half of the Lesser Antilles.

  20. The potential for tropical restoration legume and non-legume trees to suppress the invasive C4 grass Saccharum spontaneum in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Justin

    2013-01-01

    Allelopathic effects of Eucalyptus citriodora on AmaryllisReview on alleopathy of Eucalyptus L'Herit. Boletin de la1997. Allelopathic effect of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. on

  1. Forests, Gardens, and Fisheries in an Ancient Chiefdom: Paleoethnobotany and Zooarchaeology at Sitio Drago, a Late Ceramic Period Village in Bocas del Toro, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Lana

    2015-01-01

    editors) 2015a Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City.at Tikal. In Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City,at Tikal. In Tikal: Paleoecology of an Ancient Maya City,

  2. Larval ecology and synchronous reproduction of two crustacean species : Semibalanus balanoides in New England, USA and Gecarcinus quadratus in Veraguas, Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gyory, Joanna

    2011-01-01

    The environmental cues for synchronous reproduction were investigated for two highly abundant, ecologically important crustacean species: the temperate acorn barnacle, Semibalanus balanoides, and the tropical terrestrial ...

  3. The potential for tropical restoration legume and non-legume trees to suppress the invasive C4 grass Saccharum spontaneum in Panama

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Justin

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science-Zeitschrift Fur AckerJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science- Zeitschrift Fur Ackerby Leguminous crops. Grass and Forage Science 38:1-11. He,

  4. CX-004419: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Panama City Lighting Replacement ProgramCX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1Date: 12/07/2009Location(s): Panama City, FloridaOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

  5. Story I: Indian Children Cross Illegally in Growing Numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Nancy Y

    2011-01-01

    to Panama, then through Guatemala and Mexico,” said Suamhirsthe next country. Once in Guatemala, individual children are

  6. Overcoming 'Other-ness' : a comparative analysis of transnational activist collective identity formation among World Social Forum activists and HIV/AIDS healthworkers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kohler, Kristopher Michael; Kohler, Kristopher Michael

    2012-01-01

    are from Panama and Barbados. 391 Another healthworker is ainterview, June 5, 2008 Barbados native N.G. interview, July

  7. M MS 93-0047 Long-term Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    OCS Study M MS 93-0047 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Synthesis Report Panama Volume I: Executive Summary Editors. Jackson, eds. 1993. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama, synthesis report

  8. MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    OCS Study MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis-0048 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis Report Volume II: Technical. and J. B. C. Jackson, eds. 1993. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama

  9. Migration for Environmentally Displaced Pacific Peoples: Legal Options in the Pacific Rim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tabucanon, Gil Marvel

    2012-01-01

    Lifting the TSRs to Burundi, Liberia and Rwanda (CBSA 2009).of Removals Lifted for Burundi, Liberia and Rwanda (July 23,El Salvador, Honduras, Liberia, Montserrat, Nicaragua,

  10. Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    programs Resource Type Workshop Website http:www.olade.orginiciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America,...

  11. US Relations with Mexico and Central America, 1977-1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenblum, Marc

    2000-01-01

    Communities. ” In Sergio Díaz-Briquets and Sidney Weintraub,University Press. Díaz-Briquets, Sergio. 1989. The Centralaccording to Díaz-Briquets (1989, 40)) and Nicaragua (“

  12. Handling Globalization: Labor, Capital, and Class in the Globalized Warehouse and Distribution Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Struna, Jason Young

    2015-01-01

    I Jumped to Save my Body': Walmart Slammed over NicaraguaOrder Denying Defendant Walmart's Motion for Partial Summarypor el Socialismo and Walmart Distribution Centre Union

  13. FromtheActingDean ISP Building on a Half-Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Nicaragua, assessment and enhancement of teacher education around the world, and a tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean.

  14. Microsoft Word - TOC Section I Conformed thru Mod 274.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua, or Singapore); (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African...

  15. Will "We" Achieve the Millennium Development Goals with Small-Scale Coffee Growers and Their Cooperatives? A Case Study Evaluating Fair Trade and Organic Coffee Networks in Northern Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacon, Chris M.; Mendez, V. Ernesto; Brown, Martha

    2008-01-01

    World Development 13:15–40. Bacon, C. 2005. Confronting theDevelopment 33(3): 497–511. Bacon, C. M. , V. E. Méndez, andorg/casfs/rb/brief_no6/) Bacon, C. M. 2006. Assessing Fair

  16. Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2010 Bali, Indonesia, 25-29 April 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    island of Guadeloupe (France, Lesser Antilles). The large range of scientific (geology, geochemistry) and onshore (gravimetry, electrical resistivity tomography profile and passive seismic), characterization of the geothermal alteration, numeric geological modelling of the developed field, fluid geochemistry and tracer

  17. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Dominica (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Commonwealth of Dominica, an island nation located southeast of Guadeloupe and northwest of Martinique in the Lesser Antilles.

  18. Juan de la Cosa’s Projection: A Fresh Analysis of the Earliest Preserved Map of the Americas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robles Macias, Luis A.

    2010-05-24

    Previous cartographic studies of the 1500 map by Juan de La Cosa have found substantial and difficult-to-explain errors in latitude, especially for the Antilles and the Caribbean coast. In this study, a mathematical ...

  19. Energy Transition Initiative, Island Energy Snapshot - British Virgin Islands (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the British Virgin Islands (BVI), one of three sets of the Virgin Island territories in an archipelago making up the northern portion of the Lesser Antilles.

  20. BioMed Central Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - Epidémiologie Clinique Antilles Guyane CIC-EC Inserm 802, Centre Hospitalier de Cayenne, Guyane Française and 2 attack is a relapse; after 90 days, it is a re-infection. Adapted management of malaria cases based

  1. Central American geologic map project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dengo, G.

    1986-07-01

    During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

  2. Virginia H. Dale | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    applied in Brazil, Guatemala, and Panama. She has worked on developing tools for resource management; vegetation recovery subsequent to disturbances; effects of air pollution and...

  3. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; United Kingdom; United States of America Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary; Mauritania; Mexico; Morocco; Namibia; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Niger; Norway; Pakistan; Panama; Papua

  4. FMBl Nr. 1/20152 nderungder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Panama 28 101 Papua-Neuguinea 30 90 Paraguay 30 61 Peru 25 93 Philippinen 25 107 Polen - Breslau 27 92

  5. Americans Abroad: A Global Diaspora?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croucher, Sheila

    2012-01-01

    D. “Confederate Migration to Mexico. ” Hispanic AmericanHarmon, “Confederate Migration to Mexico,” Hispanic AmericanUS Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama. Washington,

  6. The Gringos are Coming, The Gringos are Coming...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schafran, Alex

    2008-01-01

    US Retirement Migration to Mexico and Panama; Bosque, Rau lseasona l migration from Canada to the USA and Mexico. Athat this migration will have on Mexico, most commentators

  7. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Albania, Australia, Barbados*, Bhutan, Burkina Faso*,countries (Bahamas, Barbados, Iran, Panama, and Trinidad andArgentina Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia (Plurinational

  8. Channing Huntington

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    working and traveling from April to November. I've visited Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Panama, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore,...

  9. Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Panama Mongolia T.F.Y.R. of Macedonia Andorra Bahamas Cubambodia* eria e F.Y.R. of Macedonia ypt man* prus minican

  10. MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    OCS Study MMS 93-0048 Long-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama Synthesis Service Gulf of Mexico OCS Region #12;OCS Study MMS 93-0048 bong-term Assessment of the Oil Spill at Bahia. Long-term assessment of the oil spill at Bahia Las Minas, Panama, synthesis report, volume II

  11. SPECIALSECTION BIOTROPICA 36(1): 4051 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-1715, U.S.A. Jennifer S. Powers Dept. of Ecology Neotropical forests: La Selva, Costa Rica (LS), Barro Colorado Island, Panama (BCI), Cocha Cashu, Peru (CC, Costa Rica (LS), Isla de Barro Colorado, Panama´ (BCI), Cocha Cashu, Peru´ (CC), y al norte de Manaus

  12. This article is from the June 2006 issue of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), and the Americas (Brazil, El Salvador, Mexico, Nicaragua, the United States, and Venezuela) (4,5,9,16,20,21,23). We. At least three additional taxa have been associated with MMD: F. sterilihyphosum from Brazil and South

  13. Design of fuel efficient brick kiln for ceramic water filter firing in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adjorlolo, Eric (Eric James Kofi)

    2007-01-01

    Ceramic water filters are currently produced in Ghana in order to provide a household solution to contaminated water. These filters, locally branded with the name Kosim filter by originating from Potters for Peace-Nicaragua, ...

  14. Nesting Ecology and Interactions between Local and International Priorities for Hawksbill Sea Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) Conservation on the Pacific Coast of Central America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liles, Michael Joseph

    2015-08-10

    is to better understand the nesting ecology and interactions between local and international priorities for hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) conservation in El Salvador and Nicaragua, where >90% of eastern Pacific hawksbill nesting occurs...

  15. ¡Viva Tenaz!: El XIV Festival Internacional de Teatro Chicano Latino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frischmann, Donald H.

    1990-04-01

    cómicas y encadenadas a ser soldado norteamericano en Honduras y luego colaborador en la reparación de un generador eléctrico en un pueblo rural del norte de Nicaragua. Teo está siempre acompañado del espíritu de su abuelo fallecido, excombatiente en la... cómicas y encadenadas a ser soldado norteamericano en Honduras y luego colaborador en la reparación de un generador eléctrico en un pueblo rural del norte de Nicaragua. Teo está siempre acompañado del espíritu de su abuelo fallecido, excombatiente en la...

  16. UUSSIINNGG HHEEAATT TTOO TTRRAACCKK UURRBBAANN GGRROOWWTTHH IINN TTHHEE CCAARRIIBBBBEEAANN Alexis O. Torres Martnez1, and Gisela Bez Snchez2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    especially in the Greater Antilles. The phenomenon of "Urban Heat Island" (UHI) is a key factor for which used when the term of "heat island" or "urban heat island" (UHI) is given by the Glossary of Weather where UHI are notable. This "islands" are known for creating self contained weather even causing

  17. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - Barbados; U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-06-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of Barbados, an independent nation in the Lesser Antilles island chain in the eastern Caribbean. Barbados’ electricity rates are approximately $0.28 per kilowatt-hour (kWh), below the Caribbean regional average of $0.33/kWh.

  18. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - St. Lucia (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-02-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the electricity generation or reduction technologies, including solar hot water heating, available to Saint Lucia, one of six Caribbean countries that make up the Windward Islands - the southern arc of the Lesser Antilles chain - at the eastern end of the Caribbean Sea. Heating and transportation fuels are not addressed.

  19. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 110 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS LESSER ANTILLES FOREARC J. Casey Moore Staff Science Representative, Leg 110 Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843-3469 Philip D. Direct* Ocean Drilling Program Robert B. Kidd Manager of Science Operations Ocean

  20. Biological Invasions 1: 3341, 1999. 1999 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    of Barbados Irby J. Lovette1,2,, Gilles Seutin1,3, Robert E. Ricklefs4 & Eldredge Bermingham1 1Smithsonian-215-898-8780) Received 16 February 1999; accepted in revised form 26 February 1999 Key words: Barbados, Coereba flaveola and anthropogenic invasions. Barbados, an outlying island in the Lesser Antilles, was formed approximately 700

  1. Male gender, increased blood viscosity, body mass index and triglyceride levels are independently associated with systemic relative hypertension in sickle cell anemia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe- à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; 2 Université des'Iinvestigation Clinique - Epidémiologie Clinique 802 Inserm Antilles-Guyane, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Pointe-à-Pitre, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe; 5 Unité Transversale de la Drépanocytose, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de

  2. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - U.S. Virgin Islands (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) - St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix. The Virgin Islands archipelago makes up the northern portion of the Lesser Antilles and the western island group of the Leeward Islands, forming the border between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

  3. Volume 13, Number 8 16 August 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manga, Michael

    flow in the Lesser Antilles island arc and adjacent back arc Grenada basin Michael Manga Department (mhornbach@smu.edu) Anne Le Friant Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Universite Paris Diderot, UMR 7175, CNRS, 1, rue Jussieu, FR-75238 Paris, France (lefriant@ipgp.fr) Osamu Ishizuka

  4. COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Lorraine Gonzalez Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency and Renewables Division Robert Oglesby

  5. LANL team wins best paper award at Sustainable Development Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The event drew more that 1,000 participants and speakers, including the presidents of Liberia, Malta and Rwanda; the First Lady of Panama; and U.N. Sustainable Development...

  6. Sustainable Development Conference

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The event drew more that 1,000 participants and speakers, including the presidents of Liberia, Malta and Rwanda; the First Lady of Panama; and U.N. Sustainable Development...

  7. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  8. BULLETIN OF MARINE SCIENCE. 87(3):275299. 2011 http://dx.doi.org/10.5343/bms.2010.1022

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pineda, Jesús

    of the Pacific coast of Panama. yet, in some coastal lagoons, barnacles are absent. we investigated pre- and post the abundance of larvae, their delivery to adult habitats, and their settlement, and (2) post

  9. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    Department, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand 4 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  10. DepartmentofScience&TechnologyStudies Department of Science & Technology Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    of Panama. Frogs and insects are proliferating in the abandoned architecture of U.S. empire. Tropical-human utopias where other species will flourish without us. As some conservation scientists harbor self

  11. Genomics of Climate Resilience (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bermingham, Eldredge [STRI-Panama

    2013-03-27

    Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute-Panama on "Genomics of climate resilience" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  12. Phylogeographic Patterns of the Intertidal Isopods Excirolana braziliensis and Excirolana mayana (Isopoda: Cirolanidae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Shuang

    2013-04-12

    in the Gulf of California. Adults of these isopods are distributed at the highest tidal levels, and phylogeographic studies of Excirolana in Panama and Chile have shown restricted gene flow among populations separated by relatively short distances...

  13. Modern Calibrations of Temperature and Nutrient Proxies for Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions in Tropical Mollusks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graniero, Lauren E

    2014-12-15

    that threaten the Bocas del Toro Archipelago, Panama (Klaus et al., 2011; Aronson et al., 2014). Dredging for shipping in Bocas del Toro results in physical damage to these ecosystems (Seemann et al., 2014). Indirect consequences include the removal...

  14. Support.Strategies.Resources. learningcommons.sfu.ca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the West the Pacific Rim the Great Lakes the Caribbean 3. No article is used with some nouns Plural of mountains, islands, and lakes: the Pacific Ocean the Panama Canal the Ural Mountains the Fraser River

  15. Cost and Efficacy of Collective Action Clauses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Chenbo

    2015-01-01

    Sep-05 Aug-02 Nov-99 Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistanbonds Panama Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan EcuadorSep-05 Aug-02 Nov-99 Ecuador Greece Grenada Moldova Pakistan

  16. Field Studies (Undergraduate) Programs, Courses and University Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    .4 Study Away On Your Own, page 8 3 Africa Field Study Semester, page 8 4 Barbados Field Study Semester, page 8 5 Barbados Interdisciplinary Tropical Studies Field Semester, page 9 6 Panama Field Study

  17. Field Studies (Undergraduate) Programs, Courses and University Regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    .4 Study Away On Your Own, page 8 3 African Field Study Semester, page 8 4 Barbados Field Study Semester, page 8 5 Barbados Interdisciplinary Tropical Studies Field Semester, page 9 6 Panama Field Study

  18. Novel Application of Metering Pump on Diesel Aftertreatment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guyan a The Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic Panama Costa Rica Nicaragu a Honduras Guatemala El Salv ador T rinidad and Tobag o Jam. Haiti Puerto Rico (US) Greenland (Den.)...

  19. RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

  20. POETISA CHIC: FASHIONING THE MODERN FEMALE POET IN CENTRAL AMERICA, 1929-1944

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finzer, Erin S.

    2008-01-01

    , militarization, military invasion, and economic imperialism. 1 Not only did several dictators?such as Jorge Ubico in Guatemala, Maximiliano Hern?ndez Mart?nez in El Salvador, and Anastasio Somoza Garc?a in Nicaragua?consolidate their power during this time... period, but the United Fruit Company (UFC) was at the height of its influence, and the U.S. military presence in Nicaragua reminded the entire region of its precarious independence. 2 As will be discussed in more detail in chapter 2, the heavy...

  1. Mission Day The Call to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    knowledge and expertise on sustainability. #12;Our research Water research in Thailand Coffee waste water treatment in Nicaragua Garden- based education in the International District #12;The foods we enjoy... Bon Appétit buys local and organic whenever possible. The Farm to Fork program sources locally produced items

  2. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  3. Sheet Number Edition Sheet Name NB 51-2 1 KABASALAN, PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Sheet Number Edition Sheet Name NB 51-2 1 KABASALAN, PHILIPPINES NB 51-3 1 COTABATO, PHILIPPINES NB 51-8 1 RAJAH BUAYAN CITY, PHILIPPINES NB 51-9 1 SIASI, PHILIPPINES NB 52-1 1 BAGANGA, PHILIPPINES NC 16-8 1 LIBERIA, COSTA RICA; NICARAGUA NC 16-12 1 PUNTARENAS, COSTA

  4. Foreign Fishery Developments Foreign Fishing Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Some countries (Ecua- dor, Guatemala, and Uruguay) require foreign fishermen to appoint a local agent, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pan- ama, and Peru). 2) Require foreign companies to form joint ventures are fished by domestic fishermen. Several countries (Costa Rica2 , Ecuador, Guatemala, and Peru) grant

  5. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 10, 23592369, 2010 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/10/2359/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belousov, Alexander

    System Sciences Numerical simulation of a tsunami event during the 1996 volcanic eruption in Karymskoye) and in Nicaragua (Freundt et al., 2007), and the possibility of producing an effective warning system has been explosions. A field survey conducted the following summer showed signs of tsunami wave runup around

  6. C. L. Staines. 2012. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Alurnini. http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera-Hispines.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    1995: 144 (host plants); Staines 1996(1997): 7 (Nicaragua species), 1997b: 412 (Uhmann species list (catalog), 1959d: 8 (scutellum), 1964a: 406 (catalog), 1964b: 5 (faunal list); Buck 1958: 146 (museum list); Jolivet 1988b: 13 (host plants), 1989b: 303 (host plants); Jolivet & Hawkeswood 1995: 144 (host plants

  7. PAUL L. STOFFA GRADUATE SUPERVISION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    Offshore Nicaragua ­ December 2003 Abdulaziz Al-Aslani 3D Seismic Surface Multiple Attenuation: Algorithms Elimination Operators and their Applications ­ August 1999 Faruq Akbar Pre-stack 2-D and 3-D Depth MigrationD committees: Rishidev Bansal Seismic Characterization of Fractured Reservoirs ­ May 2007 Jason E. Gumble

  8. Electromagnetic detection of plate hydration due to bending faults at the Middle America Trench

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    images show that the extensive network of trench parallel normal faults penetrates the entire oceanic bending faults on the incoming oceanic plate of the Middle America Trench offshore Nicaragua have been observed to penetrate to mantle depths, suggesting a permeable pathway for hydration of the crust

  9. Self-potential, soil CO2 flux, and temperature on Masaya volcano, J. L. Lewicki,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Charles

    , soil CO2 flux, and temperature may be a useful tool to monitor intrusive activity. INDEX TERMS: 0925 monitoring. We present soil CO2 flux, temperature, and SP data measured concurrently on the flanks of MasayaSelf-potential, soil CO2 flux, and temperature on Masaya volcano, Nicaragua J. L. Lewicki,1,2 C

  10. It's a great time to be a Bronco engineer! This year the School of Engineering turns 100 and we have lots of fun and informative events planned to help us celebrate a century of engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer,. Edwin P.

    a Green Company Monday, October 17, 2011 4-5:30 p.m. Lucas Hall, Forbes Family Conference Center (campus map) RSVP Here. Kevin Surace, CEO of Serious Energy, reflects on the ethics of running a green company Board visited Nicaragua Sept. 2-10 to gain a deeper understanding of the country's history, problems

  11. Primary feather molt of juvenile mourning doves in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, Michael Eugene

    1983-01-01

    The mourning dove breeds throughout the 48 contiguous states of the United States, portions of the Candadian provinces, the Greater Antilles, and Mexico (Keeler 1977). In the United States, hunting of mourning doves during 1980 was permitted in 32 of the 48... year than the combined total of all other migratory game birds (Keeler 1977). Management of mourning doves has been focused primarily on regulating hunting to achieve proper harvest (Dolton 1977). Recently a gradual decline in the breeding...

  12. U. S. DEPARTMENT OF-COMMERCE U*$,WEATHER BUREAU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Lesser Antilles July 9-10, Its existence east of 6t. Lucia and north of Barbado8 was f i r s t suspected E t o EIYE 1011.0 mbs. 2.99 in. Arpt. 3.99 in.Morne Des Cadets Barbados 20 kt8 33 kts SSE 1010.5 mbs landelideos. Barbados 0 nil $65,000, moetly to roade and communications. The lose of l i f e at 8t. Lucfa

  13. Central American update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, S.F.

    1987-07-01

    The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

  14. 2005 by the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Copeia, 2005(2), pp. 227245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    , which is distin- guished by a pale, pigmented ring around the tail base and a unique combination´n Cacao, Prov. Guanacaste) to western Panama´ (near the For- tuna Dam, Prov. Chiriqui´) at elevations, pigmented ring around the tail base. Some specimens, however, have only a faint, lightly pigmented basal

  15. Published Ahead of Print 10 June 2011. 10.1128/AEM.05090-11.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Department of Plant Biology, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, California 943053 Received 13 April 2011/Accepted 2/07/20/77.15.5458.DC1.h REFERENCES http://aem.asm.org/content/77/15/5458#ref-list-1at: This article cites 31 articles Division, University of Southern California, Wrigley Marine Science Center, P.O. Box 5069, Avalon

  16. The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute: Marine Research, Education,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collin, Rachel

    and diseases, the modes and tempo of species formation and diversification, evolu- tionary change within many experiment with a global reach to its biological impact, the formation of the isthmus of Panama between 15 the physical oceanog- raphy of each part. That event subjected the now-divided halves of the neotropical ma

  17. Kidney, liver and bone cadmium content in the western sandpiper in relation to migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidney, liver and bone cadmium content in the western sandpiper in relation to migration C. N. Mc the Pacific Coast, at stopover sites as the birds migrate north to Alaska and south to Panama. This study ingestion of metal bearing sediments.1 These sediment-dwelling organisms in turn are primary food sources

  18. Department of Mechanical Engineering 2014 Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Joseph B.

    a recent case study on the influence of the Panama Canal on global liquefied natural gas (LNG) markets, compressed natural gas for buses, residential natural gas, and high-end fertilizer while taking advantage a large-scale, Nash-Cournot equilibrium model for global gas markets funded by NSF, the U.S. Dept

  19. Nekton of New Seagrass Habitats Colonizing a Subsided Salt Marsh in Galveston Bay, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nekton of New Seagrass Habitats Colonizing a Subsided Salt Marsh in Galveston Bay, Texas SETH P Delwood Beach Road, Panama City, Florida 32408 ABSTRACT: Subsidence and erosion of intertidal salt marsh on this system is the extrac- tion of subsurface oil, gas, and water resources that has caused land subsidence

  20. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uriarte, Maria

    Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Auto´noma de Me´xico, Me´xico 04510, Mexico e Instituto de Ecologi´a y Ciencias Ambientales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la Repu´blica, Montevideo, Uruguay Institute, Av. Roosevelt 401, Balboa, Anco´n, Panama PL i Instituto de Silvicultura, Facultad de Ciencias

  1. VOLUME 128 JULY 2000M O N T H L Y W E A T H E R R E V I E W 2000 American Meteorological Society 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    , Papagayo, and Panama. Each jet is easily identifiable as locally intense offshore winds in the lee of low 1993 Satellite Observations of the Wind Jets off the Pacific Coast of Central America. Part I: Case College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon (Manuscript

  2. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 6, NO. 3, JULY 2009 393 Evaluation of Morphological Texture Features

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Le

    imagery in a study area on the Caribbean coast of Panama. Morphological texture fea- tures are utilized at the confluence of the land­sea interface along low-energy coastlines and estuaries throughout the tropics@public.wh. hb.cn). L. Wang is with the Department of Geography, The State University of New York

  3. North Street Bridge, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania -washed out during

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    land near Panama City Fla on the 9th the storm lost hurricane force and was downgraded to a tropical ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iii #12;#12;Tropical Storm Agnes opening the 97 hurricane season developed off Mexico s Yuca tan Peninsula as a tropical depression on June 97 Three days later she was designated a hurricane After striking

  4. Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Sedimentation: Investigating Constant Flux Proxies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ajay 1980-

    2012-12-03

    of dissolved 230Th concentrations (7.9-16.5 fg/kg) than that within Panama Basin waters (5.7-7.1 fg/kg). There is a progressive decrease, suggesting advection, in average dissolved deep-water (>1000 m) 230Th concentrations from the southernmost sites...

  5. Evidence for selection on coloration in a Panamanian poison frog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University, Durham, NC 27705, USA. ABSTRACT Aim The strawberry poison frog, Oophaga pumilio, has undergone in the strawberry poison frog. Keywords Aposematism, Bocas del Toro, coalescence, coloration, Dendrobates, Dendro in vertebrates occurs in the Bocas del Toro archipelago in western Panama, where the strawberry poison frog

  6. 2015, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    couples. In recent years, samesex marriages have been recognized in Uruguay, Brazil Argentina Uruguay Haiti Belize Trinidad and Tobago Suriname Dominican Republic Panama Peru Mexico Brazil United States Canada 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 Approval of Same-Sex Couples' Right to Marry 95 % Confidence

  7. IN SITU EXPERIMENTS WITH COASTAL PELAGIC FISHES TO ESTABLISH DESIGN CRITERIA FOR ELECTRICAL FISH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IN SITU EXPERIMENTS WITH COASTAL PELAGIC FISHES TO ESTABLISH DESIGN CRITERIA FOR ELECTRICAL FISH of a scale electrical harvesting system were conducted off Panama City, Fla. with both captured and wild- tional Marine Fisheries Service has been engaged in the design and development of an electrical

  8. Markov Decision Processes: Models, Methods, Directions and Open Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shwartz, Adam

    , the use of optimization models for the operation of multipurpose reser- voir systems does not seem as in the Panama canal and the St-Lawrence seaway. Throughout the twentieth cen- tury, hydroelectric production has), and their optimization by stochastic dynamic programming (SDP). The #12;rst discussion of reservoir management

  9. Peromyscus mexicanus (Rodentia: Cricetidae) ANA LILIA TRUJANO-ALVAREZ AND SERGIO TICUL ALVAREZ-CASTAN~ EDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayssen, Virginia

    , Me´xico; sticul@cibnor.mx (STA-C) Abstract: Peromyscus mexicanus (Saussure, 1860) is a medium the tropical lowlands of Mexico to Panama and it exhibits geographic and seasonal variation in coat color. Its deermouse, Mexico, peromyscine, rodent E 26 May 2010 American Society of Mammalogists Synonymy completed 1

  10. ORIGINAL PAPER Population genetics and recent colonization history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Markow, Therese

    into Central America and Mexico most probably includes a northward migration of individuals from Brazil Zaprionus indianus in Mexico and Central America Therese Ann Markow · Giovanni Hanna · Juan R. Riesgo. indianus in Mexico and Panama. Construction of a haplotype network showed that six COI haplotypes, obtained

  11. SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES IN FIELD SOILS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borchers, Brian

    SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES IN FIELD SOILS J.M.H. Hendrickx, B. Borchers and J detection sensors are affected by soil properties such as water content, temperature, electrical measurements in the Netherlands, Panama, and New Mexico on spatial variability of soil water content. We also

  12. Solar-Powered, Liquid-Desiccant Air Conditioner for Low-Electricity Humidity Control: Report and Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dean, J.; Kozubal, E.; Herrmann, L.; Miller, J.; Lowenstein, A.; Barker, G.; Slayzak, S.

    2012-11-01

    The primary objective of this project was to demonstrate the capabilities of a new high-performance, liquid-desiccant dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) to enhance cooling efficiency and comfort in humid climates while substantially reducing electric peak demand at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB), which is 12 miles east of Panama City, Florida.

  13. Potholes or Tolls? Perspectives on Transportation Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    passenger car fuel efficiency http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/html/table Soybean Exports 44.5x106 metric tons Panama Canalhttp://nass Highway trust fund 1956 87% from motor fuels, rest from excise taxes; Waterways, Airport & Airways

  14. This ICBG program links the discovery of drugs and genes for agriculture with biodiversity conservation.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coley, Phyllis

    ABSTRACT This ICBG program links the discovery of drugs and genes for agriculture with biodiversity of Panama's scientific infrastructure for drug and gene discovery, the training of Panamanian scientists in the short- and long-term. INTRODUCTION Over 50% of the most common prescription drugs orig- inate from

  15. Smithsonian Marine Science Network Michael A. Lang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    1 Smithsonian Marine Science Network Michael A. Lang January 2010 Smithsonian Office of the Under Secretary for Science #12;2 #12;3 The Smithsonian Marine Science Network is a unique array of laboratories of Panama. Smithsonian Marine Science Network www.si.edu/marinescience #12;4 #12;5 Importance Ocean

  16. Arch Microbiol (2006) 186:403413 DOI 10.1007/s00203-006-0154-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Arch Microbiol (2006) 186:403­413 DOI 10.1007/s00203-006-0154-0 123 ORIGINAL PAPER Negative control of Washington, 260 Panama Street, Stanford, CA 94305, USA #12;404 Arch Microbiol (2006) 186:403­413 123 changes

  17. II Muestra Nacional de Teatro (Managua)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciccone, Oscar

    1983-04-01

    del terremoto, aún cuando se mezclaban el dolor del desastre con la sórdida represión de la tiranía. Que contraste hoy, con aquella Nicaragua. Hoy libre, luminosa, trabajando afanosa para mantener y consolidar esa libertad que tanta sangre y dolor... reconstruyendo. Definitivamente quedaron atrás los días sin luz, los lóbregos solares que dejó el terremoto. Hoy están convertidos por esta revolución, en parques infantiles, recreos y hospitales. Qué lindo es llegar al Teatro Popular Rubén Darío, hoy...

  18. A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about Malaria Awareness and Bed Net Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zangpo, Kado; Zangpo, Nado; Poulsen, Kjeld

    2008-01-01

    to prevent mortality and severe morbidity especially in localities where falciparium incidences are increasing. References Adams, K.J. et al. (2002). “Comparative Insecticida Power of Three Pyrethroids on Netting.” Med Vet Entomol, 16(1):106-8. Alison... ). “Chromosome-wide SNPs Reveal an Ancient Origin for Plasmodium Falciparium.” Nature 418, 323 – 324. Kroeger, A. et al. (1997). “Operational Aspects of Bed Net Impregnation for Community Based Malaria Control in Nicaragua, Ecuador, Peru, and Columbia.” Trop...

  19. LATIN AMERICAN THEATER FOR SOCIAL CHANGE: THE CASE OF AUGUSTO BOAL AND ENRIQUE BUENAVENTURA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandi Diaz, Gina

    2007-12-12

    , and demonstrations…” (14). For more concrete examples of these violent realities, one can mention the Somoza and the Stroessner dictatorships in Nicaragua and Paraguay respectively, the El Salvador death squads, the Colombian drug rings and political conflicts... the ruler’s position. However, Goulart was overthrown in 1964 by the military because they suspected him to have communist aspirations; his socialist points of views were not sympathetic to them or the right- wing side of the government. What followed...

  20. New Central American Cinema (2001-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duró n, Hispano

    2014-05-31

    Institute) ICSR Instituto Cinematográfico de El Salvador Revolucionario (Film Institute of Revolutionary El Salvador) ILO International Labour Organization INCINE Instituto Nicaragüense de Cine (Nicaraguan Film Institute) xi IOM... interpretations to the debate of the recent history of Central America. In this study, Central America is defined as the geographical region between Mexico and Colombia, comprised by seven countries (Belize1, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua...

  1. Synthetic and Biosynthetic Studies of Natural Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ve?liz Chanis, Eduardo Alberto

    1992-05-01

    of 4-Demethoxy -A-Homodaunorubicin Analogs Part II. Biosynthesis of Coloradocin. Origin of the Carbons Part III. Total Synthesis of the Naturally Occurring Prenylated Bibenzyl Amorfrutin A Eduardo Alberto Veliz Chanis B.S., University of Panama... to the intractable behavior of some of the intermediates. Part II describes the elucidation of the biosynthesis of coloradocin by the use of stable isotopes. The major carbon chain is polyketide and derived from acetate-propionate and methionine as shown...

  2. Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P. setiferus conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diego, Maria Eugenia de

    1984-01-01

    Description of three ecology studies on brown shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp'P; setiferus conducted by the Mational Marine Fisheries Service, Galveston, Texas. A professional paper by Maria Eugenia de Diego Submitted to the College... shrimp Penaeus aztecus and white shrimp P, set1ferus conducted by the Nat1onal Marine F1sheries Ser- v1ce, Galveston, Texas. (December, 19843 Maria Eugenia de Diego, B. S. , Universidad de Panama Chairman of Adv1sory Committee: Dr. Addison L...

  3. Publications NTIS Tells Foreign, U.S. Fisheries Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    governments or companies. A copy of this report may be purchased (paper, $3.50; microfiche, $3 .00) by Augusl-06-012,21 pages, $3.50; Panama, .. Fishing Industry ," DIB 76-09-027, 26 pages, $4.00; Sweden, "Fishing In- dustry," DIB 76-02-002, 3 pages, $3.25, and "Fishing Industry," DIB 76-09-017,7 pages, $3 .50. The growth

  4. North America: A better second half for drilling--Maybe. [Oil and gas exploration and development in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper provides data on the exploration, production, and drilling activity of the oil and gas industry in Canada, the US, and Central America. The section on the US discusses trends in drilling activity in both the first and second half of 1993. Statistical information on all oil and gas producing states if provided in a tabular format. Information on exploration and development expenditures is also discussed. Data is also provided drilling and production information for Canada, Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Nicaragua, and other minor production areas.

  5. Institutions and the Volatility Curse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Weishu; Mohaddes, Kamiar

    2011-07-10

    and 12 can be found in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. Our sample also includes 32 out of the 34 OECD countries and 8 out of the 12 of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Thus our sample is very comprehensive... -Bissau Netherlands Tanzania Cameroon Guyana New Zealand Thailand Canada Haiti Nicaragua Togo Central African Rep. Honduras Niger Trinidad and Tobago Chad Hungary Nigeria Tunisia Chile India Norway Turkey China, People?s Rep. of Indonesia Oman Uganda Colombia Iran, I...

  6. Cooking a Cuban Ajiaco: The Columbian Exchange in a Stewpot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cushman, Gregory T.

    2006-01-01

    , heat 2 tablespoons of lard (manteca) or ¼ cup of olive oil (aceite de oliva). Peel and crush 3 cloves of garlic (ajo); chop 1 large onion (cebolla) and 1 large, seeded green bell pepper (ají pimiento verde); add to the fat at medium- low heat and sauté... in the Age of European Exploration and Exploitation. Columbus himself traveled to the coast of Panama during his fourth and final voyage, though the first European visi- tors had already sailed a few years earlier under Rodrigo de Bastidas. On that particu...

  7. Geothermal activities in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whetten, J.T.; Hanold, R.J.

    1985-09-11

    The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in progress or planned for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama. Instrumentation for well logging has been provided to Costa Rica, and a self-contained logging truck will be made available for use throughout Central America. An important objective of this program is to involve the private sector in resource development. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  8. Central American resource studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

    1989-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

  9. (Mid-term evaluation of the Central America Rural Electrification Support program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.

    1990-03-30

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was requested by Regional Office for Central America and Panama (ROCAP) to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the CARES project. Numerous meetings were held with National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) staff, ROCAP staff, and local officials in Guatemala, Honduras, and Belize. In general, the CARES project has been quite successful in a number of key areas as well as in soliciting support from utilities and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Missions. Changes were recommended in the area of report writing and some management activities. It was also recommended that any new activities be considered in the light of the availability of local personnel.

  10. Mid-term evaluation of the NRECA (National Rural Electric Cooperative Association) Central America Rural Electrification Support Program (CARES)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Jones, H.G. (Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc., TN (USA)); Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA). Dept. of Agricultural Engineering); Flores, E. (Flores (Edgar), Guatemala City (Guatemala))

    1990-09-01

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory was requested by the Regional Office for Central America and Panama to conduct a mid-term evaluation of the Cares Project, which is being implemented by the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. This evaluation was conducted over a three week period by a four person team. Overall, the project has had numerous successes and is highly valued by local counterpart utilities and USAID Missions. Notwithstanding the significant results of the project, changes can be made in certain operating procedures and in the direction of some programmatic activities that can lead to an even more effective project.

  11. The status of energy planning in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.R.; Fonseca, M.G.

    1991-08-01

    This report examines the current status of national energy planning in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. A framework is provided that divides energy planning activities into two broad categories: the fundamental tasks'' and the bounding conditions.'' The fundamental tasks of energy planning include the gathering and systematizing of data, conducting energy situation analyses and short- or long-term planning for the country, and defining and implementing national energy plans. While the bonding conditions are situations that preclude completion of fundamental tasks, such as level of technical expertise. 20 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. Give and Take: Political Competition, Participation and Public Finance in 20th Century Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S.; Eterovic, Dalibor

    -88; Mexico, 1953-93; and Panama, 1983-87. Societies with re- stricted su¤rage, but competition within the elite for political power are located to the Southeast. Examples include Argentina, 1890-1911; Chile, 1940-48; and Peru, 1942-54. [Figure 1: Classi... factions for political power. And we know that institutions determine the autonomy of the legislature and court system. What we don?t understand fully is how the di¤erent design of these political institutions impact economic and social outcomes. Crucial...

  13. World frontiers beckon oil finders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    This paper discusses the international aspects of the petroleum industry. Most who work in the industry agree that the possibilities for huge are found largely in international regions. Something that is helping fuel that possibility is the way countries are increasingly opening their doors to US oil industry involvement. Listed in this paper is a partial list of the reported projects now underway around the world involving US companies. It is not intended to be comprehensive, but rather an indication of how work continues despite a general lull atmosphere for the oil industry. These include Albania, Bulgaria, Congo, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Ireland, Malta, Madagascar, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Panama, Paraquay, and Senegal.

  14. The Paris Motor Show | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  15. The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  16. The Pennsylvania State University APPLIED RESEARCH LABORATORY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  17. The RECS relies on the respondents to provide the energy related details of their homes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  18. The following organizations recognize that the Commercial Buildings Energy Consu

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  19. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  20. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  1. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  2. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  3. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  4. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  5. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  6. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  7. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  8. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  9. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13, 2002

  10. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13, 20023, 2002

  11. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13, 20023,

  12. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13, 20023,17,

  13. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13, 20023,17,24,

  14. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,

  15. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8, 2002 (Next

  16. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8, 2002

  17. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8, 200222,

  18. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8, 200222,30,

  19. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8, 200222,30,

  20. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,

  1. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,19, 2002

  2. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

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  3. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,19,

  4. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,19,0, 2002

  5. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,19,0,

  6. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,19,0,24,

  7. This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979 1.988Prices,Flight Paths for BiojetPanama13,8,19,0,24,1,

  8. Central America and the Caribbean: No place for the unwary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, L.M.

    1994-11-15

    Central America and the Caribbean have not enjoyed the same high profile as more prominent independent power markets like India and China. Indeed, only one country in the region appeared in a recent survey of the 20 most promising markets: Panama, with a projected demand for 2,040 megawatts (MW) of new capacity, was ranked twentieth. Nevertheless, taken as a whole, Central America and the Caribbean offer significant opportunities for new development. Projected incremental capacity needs in some of the larger markets in the region include: Costa Rica (700-1,000 MW), Dominican Republic (1,100 MW), Guatemala (450 MW), Honduras (225 MW), Jamaica (729 MW), Panama (2,040 MW), and Trinidad & Tobago (200 MW). These markets represent an aggregate potential demand of 5,750 MW - more than the projected demand in Colombia, one of South America`s most active markets. Yet although its need for capacity is significant, the region presents developers with unique challenges because it comprises so many relatively small countries, each with its own special needs and characteristics.

  9. Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiPippo, R.

    1984-10-01

    The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

  10. Price crash 1986: the waiting gams: implication for heavy crude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-05-14

    Across the United States, oil producers are betting on price stabilization - because they can do little else. From Alaska to Louisiana, significant production is already uneconomic, but so far, most producers seem convinced it is safer to risk producing too long than to shut in prematurely - sounds like Norway and OPEC. In this issue, ED examines recent US oil-industry papers on production featuring California independents, and arrives at an overview of possible near-term price trends for light and heavy crude. This issue of ED also contains statistical data on: (1) asphalt export prices to the USA from Canada, N Antilles, and Venezuela; (2) USA imports of asphalt by country of origin; (3) refining netback data for the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore; (4) ED fuel price/tax series for countries of both the Eastern and Western Hemispheres; and (5) ED principal industrial fuel prices as of March 1986, for countries of both the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

  11. Negative margins and OPEC prices: how buyers and sellers are coping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-11-28

    Apparent refining margins are so poor that many US refiners have accelerated their destocking, waiting for market uncertainty to be resolved. Margins based on official OPEC prices continue to be virtually all negative, including very light oils from the Middle East; by now, up to half the world's oil trade may reflect spot marketing, compared to less than 10% a few years ago. In today's buyer's market for crude oil, several sellers are resorting to multi-faceted discounts amounting to as much as US $4.50 or more under official OPEC prices. But meanwhile, US oil importers have learned how not to rely so much on a traditional run of crude oil: they are running reduced crude, resid, cat feed, condensate; and they are blending components for lighter products by importing and swapping whenever even pennies per barrel can be saved. This issue presents: (1) refining netback data, US Gulf and West Coasts, late November 1984 (official/contract vs spot crude prices; (2) asphalt export prices to the US from Canada, N. Antilles, and Venezuela; and (3) the fuel price/tax series and industrial fuel prices as of October 1984 for countries of the Western Hemisphere.

  12. Restacking the old deck: with heavy crude wild cards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-10-02

    OPEC and various other crude oil producers are not playing with a full deck - yet. The OPEC production and price system has yet to take into account truly heavy crude, of the types Venezuela and Mexico export and California and Canada produce for domestic consumption. Generally, analysts providing projections to governments and oil companies fail to address heavy crude's increasing influence on world refining demand. There are indications that high-tech refiner's advantageous buying price spread between heavy and light crude will widen further for the next several years - and that heavy crude producers will enter a new competitive phase. This issue includes the following ED Data: (1) US asphalt import tonnage prices (by area), and tonnages (by country), and prices ($1 bbl.) as imported from N. Antilles, Canada, and Venezuela; (2) refining netback data from the US Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of Sept. 27, 1985; (3) the fuel price/tax series for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere, dates ranging from Jan. 1984 through Oct. 1985; and (4) principal industrial fuel prices for some of these countries as of Sept. 1985.

  13. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  14. Optical SETI Observations of the Anomalous Star KIC 8462852

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schuetz, Marlin; Shostak, Seth; Richards, Jon

    2015-01-01

    To explore the hypothesis that KIC 8462852's aperiodic dimming is caused by artificial megastructures in orbit (Wright et al. 2015), rather than a natural cause such as cometary fragments in a highly elliptical orbit (Marengo et al. 2015), we searched for electromagnetic signals from KIC 8462852 indicative of extraterrestrial intelligence. The primary observations were in the visible optical regime using the Boquete Optical SETI Observatory in Panama. In addition, as a preparatory exercise for the possible future detection of a candidate signal (Heidmann 1991), three of six observing runs simultaneously searched radio frequencies at the Allen Telescope Array in California. No periodic optical signals greater than 67 photons/m2 within a time frame of 25 ns were seen. This limit corresponds to isotropic optical pulses of 8E22 joules. If, however, any inhabitants of KIC 8462852 were targeting our solar system (Shostak & Villard 2004), the required energy would be reduced greatly. The limits on narrowband rad...

  15. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  16. (Power sector integrated efficiency program): Foreign trip report, August 1--11, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1989-08-18

    I traveled to Guatemala City to discuss host country and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission interest in an AID/Washington sponsored integrated utility efficiency initiative and to participate in a cogeneration conference. Discussions were held with USAID/Regional Office for Central America Panama (ROCAP), USAID/Guatemala City, the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), the Empresa Electrica de Guatemala, and several members of the private sector regarding interest and the appropriateness of the proposed efficiency initiative. I then traveled to San Jose, Costa Rica to participate in a small scale hydro assessment study with a National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) engineer for a newly formed generation and transmission consortium. Data were gathered both on member cooperative annual, seasonal and diurnal energy demand, as well as engineering data for the site analyses. Meetings were held with the cooperative members; USAID/San Jose; and the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines to inform them of our progress.

  17. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO sub x ) emissions from coal-fired boilers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-03

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company's Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO{sub x} combustion technologies on NO{sub x} emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO{sub x} reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project.

  18. Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT): 180 MW demonstration of advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from coal-fired boilers. Technical progress report, third quarter 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-03

    This quarterly report discusses the technical progress of a US Department of Energy (DOE) Innovative Clean Coal Technology (ICCT) Project demonstrating advanced tangentially-fired combustion techniques for the reduction of nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}) emissions from a coal-fired boiler. The project is being conducted at Gulf Power Company`s Plant Lansing Smith Unit 2 located near Panama City, Florida. The primary objective of this demonstration is to determine the long-term effects of commercially available tangentially-fired low NO{sub x} combustion technologies on NO{sub x} emissions and boiler performance. A target of achieving fifty percent NO{sub x} reduction using combustion modifications has been established for the project.

  19. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  20. Establishing Ergonomics in Industrially Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stewart, K; Silverstein, B; Kiefer, M

    2005-08-29

    The introduction of ergonomics is an ongoing effort in industrially developing countries and will ultimately require an organized, programmatic approach spanning several countries and organizations. Our preliminary efforts with our partner countries of Viet Nam, Thailand, and Nicaragua have demonstrated that a one-time course is just the first step in a series of necessary events to provide skills and create an infrastructure that will have lasting impact for the host country. To facilitate that any sort of training has a lasting impact, it is recommended that host countries establish a 'contract' with class participants and the guest instructors for at least one follow-up visit so instructors can see the progress and support the participants in current and future efforts. With repeated exchanges, the class participants can become the 'in country experts' and the next generation of ergonomic trainers. Additionally, providing participants with an easy to use hazard assessment tool and methods for evaluating the financial impact of the project (cost/benefit analysis) will assist increase the likelihood of success and establish a foundation for future projects. In the future, developing trade and regionally/culturally specific 'ergonomics toolkits' can help promote broader implementation, especially where training resources may be limited.

  1. Domestic petroleum-product prices around the world. Survey: free market or government price controls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-27

    In this issue, Energy Detente draws from their regular Western and Eastern Hemisphere Fuel Price/Tax Series, each produced monthly, and adds other survey data and analysis for a broad view of 48 countries around the world. They find that seven Latin American nations, including OPEC members Venezuela and Ecuador, are among the ten countries with lowest gasoline prices. In this Fourth Special Price Report, Energy Detente provides a first-time presentation of which prices are government-controlled, and which are free to respond to market forces. South Korea, with fixed prices since 1964, has the highest premium-grade gasoline price in our survey, US $5.38 per gallon. Paraguay, with prices fixed by PETROPAR, the national oil company, has the second highest premium gasoline price, US $4.21 per gallon. Nicaragua, also with government price controls, ranks third highest in the survey, with US $3.38 per gallon for premium gasoline. Kuwait shows the lowest price at US $0.55 per gallon. Several price changes from the previous survey reflect changes in currency exchange as all prices are converted to US dollars. The Energy Detente fuel price/tax series is presented for Western Hemisphere countries.

  2. Spent sealed radium sources conditioning in Latin America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mourao, R.P. [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)] [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais (Brazil)

    1999-06-01

    The management of spent sealed sources is considered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) one of the greatest challenges faced by nuclear authorities today, especially in developing countries. One of the Agency`s initiatives to tackle this problem is the Spent Radium Sources Conditioning Project, a worldwide project relying on the regional co-operation between countries. A team from the Brazilian nuclear research institute Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN) was chosen as the expert team to carry out the operations in Latin America; since December 1996 radium sources have been safely conditioned in Uruguay, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Ecuador and Paraguay. A Quality Assurance Program was established, encompassing the qualification of the capsule welding process, written operational procedures referring to all major steps of the operation, calibration of monitors and information retrievability. A 200L carbon steel drum-based packaging concept was used to condition the sources, its cavity being designed to receive the lead shield device containing stainless steel capsules with the radium sources. As a result of these operations, a total amount of 2,897 mg of needles, tubes, medical applicators, standard sources for calibration, lightning rods, secondary wastes and contaminated objects were stored in proper conditions and are now under control of the nuclear authorities of the visited countries.

  3. Cenozoic tectonic and sedimentary development of the North American-Caribbean transform boundary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mann, P.; Debalko, D.; Grote, D.; Tyburski, S. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (USA))

    1990-05-01

    The North American-Caribbean plate boundary consists of strike-slip deformation extending 3,200 km from the Middle American volcanic arc in western Guatemala to the northern Lesser Antilles. The authors have reconstructed the complex sedimentary and tectonic evolution of this zone over the past 65 m.y. by integration of onshore geologic data and offshore geophysical data. Onshore geologic data consists mainly of detailed structural maps and biostratigraphic studies from uplifted sedimentary basins in Hispaniola and Jamaica. Offshore data consists of single and multichannel seismic profiles and side-scan sonar maps. Both onshore and offshore data have been synthesized into a set of computer-based, paleogeographic maps for the following Cenozoic periods: late Paleocene, middle Eocene, late Oligocene, early Miocene, late Miocene, Pliocene, and Holocene. These data allow them to generalize the tectonic evolution of the boundary into three stages. Stage 1: Paleocene to early Eocene rifting and bimodal volcanism associated with formation of the Cayman Trough pullapart basin. Nonmarine to shallow marine sedimentation was controlled by northwest-northeast-striking normal faults formed at a high angle to the direction of plate motion. Stage 2: middle Eocene to early Miocene strike-slip faulting across a broad, California Borderlands-type margin. Shallow marine to marine sedimentation was controlled by strike-slip faults parallel or at a low angle to the direction of plate motion. Stage 3: middle Miocene to present strike-slip faulting along a single major fault. Deep-marine sedimentation was controlled by a major strike-slip fault scarp formed approximately parallel to the direction of plate motion over most of the length of the boundary. Eustatic sea level effects are recognizable in all three stages.

  4. Monitoring temporal opacity fluctuations of large structures with muon tomography : a calibration experiment using a water tower tank

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Jourde; Dominique Gibert; Jacques Marteau; Jean de Bremond d'Ars; Serge Gardien; Claude Girerd; Jean-Christophe Ianigro

    2015-04-09

    The idea of using secondary cosmic muons to scan the internal structure of a given body has known significant developments since the first archaeological application by Alvarez and collaborators on the Gizah pyramids. Recent applications cover the fields of volcanology, hydrology, civil engineering, mining, archaeology etc. Muon radiography features are essentially identical to those of medical X-ray imaging techniques. It is a contrast densitometry method using the screening effect of the body under study on the natural flux of cosmic muons. This technique is non-invasive and complements the standard geophysical techniques, e.g. electrical tomography or gravimetry. It may be applied to a large variety of geological targets, among which the domes of active volcanoes. In this context muon tomography presents the noticeable advantage to perform measurements of large volumes, with a large aperture, from a distant point, far from the potentially dangerous zones. The same conclusions apply regarding the monitoring of the volcano's activity since muon tomography provides continuous data taking, provided the muon detectors are sufficiently well designed and autonomous. Recent measurements on La Soufri\\`ere of Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles, France) show, over a one year period, large modulations of the crossing muon flux, correlated with an increase of the activity in the dome. In order to firmly establish the sensitivity of the method and of our detectors and to disentangle the effects on the muon flux modulations induced by the volcano's hydrothermal system from those induced by other sources, e.g. atmospheric temperature and pressure, we perform a dedicated calibration experiment inside a water tower tank. We show how the method is fully capable of dynamically following fast variations in the density.

  5. A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hulstrom, R.L.

    1988-02-01

    The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

  6. Geothermal initiatives in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanold, R.J.; Loose, V.W.; Laughlin, A.W.; Wade, P.E.

    1986-01-01

    The US Agency for International Development is supporting a new project in energy and resources exploitation for Central America. One of the largest components of the project involves exploration and reservoir development investigations directed at enhancing the production of electricity from the region's geothermal resources. An assessment of the geothermal resources of Honduras is in progress, and interesting geothermal regions in the Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica are being explored. Well-logging activities are in progress in the production wells at the Miravalles geothermal field in Costa Rica, and preparations are being made for logging critical wells at Ahuachapan in El Salvador. A self-contained logging truck, complete with high-temperature logging cable and logging tools designed for geothermal service, is being fabricated and will be made available for dedicated use throughout Central America. Geochemical and isotopic analyses of water samples collected in Panama are being evaluated to select a high-priority geothermal site in that country. Application of low- and medium-enthalpy geothermal fluids for industrial and agricultural processes is being investigated in Guatemala.

  7. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  8. Caribbean basin framework, 2: Northern Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tyburski, S.A.; Gordon, M.B.; Mann, P. (Univ. of Texas, Austin (United States))

    1991-03-01

    There are four Jurassic to Recent basin-forming periods in northern Central America (honduras, Honduran Borderlands, Belize, Guatemala, northern Nicaragua): (1) Middle Jurassic-Early Cretaceous rifting and subsidence along normal faults in Honduras and Guatemala; rifts are suggested but are not well defined in Honduras by the distribution of clastic sediments and associated volcanic rocks. Rifting is attributed to the separation of Central America from the southern margin of the North American plate; (2) Cretaceous subsidence recorded by the development of a Cretaceous carbonate platform in Honduras, Guatemala, and Belize; subsidence is attributed to thermal subsidence of the rifted margins of the various blocks; (3) Late Cretaceous-Recent development of a volcanic arc along the western margin of Middle America and the northern margin of Honduras; (4) Late Cretaceous large-scale folding in Honduras, ophiolite obduction, and formation of a foredeep basin in Guatemala (Sepur trough); deformation is attributed to the collision between a north-facing arc in northern Honduras and the Nicaraguan Rise and the passive margin of Guatemala and Belize; and (5) Eocene to Recent strike-slip faulting along the present-day North American-Caribbean plate boundary in Guatemala, northern Honduras, and Belize. Strike-slip faults and basins form a California-type borderlands characterized by elongate basins that appear as half-grabens in profile. Counterclockwise rotation of the central honduras plateau, a thicker and topographically higher-than-average block within the plate boundary zone, is accommodated by rifting or strike-slip faults at its edges.

  9. Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-26

    PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

  10. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF MEXICO, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; Watson, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.

    2009-10-07

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Mexico, GTRI first made contact in 2005. The project then lost momentum and stalled. At the same time, GTRI’s cooperation with the Republic of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Mexico and to facilitate this cooperation, they offered to invite their Mexican counterparts to Colombia to observe its successful cooperation with GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Mexico agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Mexico be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians. As a result, 22 of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have had security upgrades in place within 18 months of cooperation.

  11. FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF DOMINICAN REPUBLIC, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, Nicholas; McCaw, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.; Medina, Maximo

    2009-10-06

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Dominican Republic, the GTRI first received contact in 2008 from the Government of Dominican Republic. They requested cooperation that was similar to the tri-partite cooperation between Colombia, Mexico and the United States. Throughout the region it was widely known that the GTRI’s cooperation with the Government of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The Government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. In 2007, Colombia was an integral component of GTRI multi-lateral cooperation initiation in Mexico. As a result, twenty two of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have been upgraded in the past eighteen months. These two endeavors served as catalysts for cooperation opportunities in the Dominican Republic. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Dominican Republic and to facilitate this cooperation, they traveled to the Dominican Republic and provided briefings and presentations which demonstrated its successful cooperation with the GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Dominican Republic agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Dominican Republic be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians, and the financial and technical support of the United States. As a result, two of Dominican Republic’s largest radioactive sites had security upgrades in place within 90 days of the cooperation visit in December 2008.