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1

NERSC CoDEx Project: A Hardware/Software Codesign Environment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Gateway Development Storage and IO Technologies Testbeds Home R & D Exascale Computing CoDEx Project CoDEx Project: A HardwareSoftware Codesign Environment...

2

Fermilab | Take Five for Goal Zero | Gloves | N-Dex Nitrile  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

N-Dex Nitrile N-Dex Nitrile Gloves Description Color Finish Chemical Compatibility FNAL Stock Number 4 mil thick, 9.5" long 100% nitrile (non-latex) Lightly powdered for easy...

3

CONTRACTNO.: DE-X13-96GJ87335 TASK ORDER NO.: h  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

March 13,2001 March 13,2001 CONTRACTNO.: DE-X13-96GJ87335 TASK ORDER NO.: h l K O I - 0 6 CONTROLNO.: 3100-T01-0440 Project Manager Department of Energy Grand Junction Office 2597 B314 Road Grand Junction, CO 81503 ATTN: Mr. Art Kleinrath SUBJECT: Contract No. DE-AC13-96GJ87335-Radon and Direct Gamma Monitoring at the Shiprock, NM Disposal Site Dear Mr. Kleinrath: MACTEC-ERS has completed radon and direct gamma monitoring at the Shiprock, NM disposal site. The attached data summary tables demonstrate that both radon and direct gamma radiation levels at the disposal site are indistinguishable froin naturally occurring background levels. Therefore, we conclude that the disposal cell is effectively containing radon emissio~is and is in compliance with applicable standards and regulations.

4

Transcription-dependent nucleolar cap localization and possible nuclear function of DExH RNA helicase RHAU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RHAU (RNA helicase associated with AU-rich element) is a DExH protein originally identified as a factor accelerating AU-rich element-mediated mRNA degradation. The discovery that RHAU is predominantly localized in the nucleus, despite mRNA degradation occurring in the cytoplasm, prompted us to consider the nuclear functions of RHAU. In HeLa cells, RHAU was found to be localized throughout the nucleoplasm with some concentrated in nuclear speckles. Transcriptional arrest altered the localization to nucleolar caps, where RHAU is closely localized with RNA helicases p68 and p72, suggesting that RHAU is involved in transcription-related RNA metabolism in the nucleus. To see whether RHAU affects global gene expression transcriptionally or posttranscriptionally, we performed microarray analysis using total RNA from RHAU-depleted HeLa cell lines, measuring both steady-state mRNA levels and mRNA half-lives by actinomycin D chase. There was no change in the half-lives of most transcripts whose steady-state levels were affected by RHAU knockdown, suggesting that these transcripts are subjected to transcriptional regulation. We propose that RHAU has a dual function, being involved in both the synthesis and degradation of mRNA in different subcellular compartments.

Iwamoto, Fumiko; Stadler, Michael; Chalupnikova, Katerina; Oakeley, Edward [Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel (Switzerland); Nagamine, Yoshikuni [Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel (Switzerland)], E-mail: yoshikuni.nagamine@fmi.ch

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The AAA-ATPase NVL2 is a component of pre-ribosomal particles that interacts with the DExD/H-box RNA helicase DOB1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear VCP/p97-like protein 2 (NVL2) is a member of the chaperone-like AAA-ATPase family with two conserved ATP-binding modules. Our previous studies have shown that NVL2 is localized to the nucleolus by interacting with ribosomal protein L5 and may participate in ribosome synthesis, a process involving various non-ribosomal factors including chaperones and RNA helicases. Here, we show that NVL2 is associated with pre-ribosomal particles in the nucleus. Moreover, we used yeast two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation assays to identify an NVL2-interacting protein that could yield insights into NVL2 function in ribosome biogenesis. We found that NVL2 interacts with DOB1, a DExD/H-box RNA helicase, whose yeast homologue functions in a late stage of the 60S subunit synthesis. DOB1 can interact with a second ATP-binding module mutant of NVL2, which shows a dominant negative effect on ribosome synthesis. In contrast, it cannot interact with a first ATP-binding module mutant, which does not show the dominant negative effect. When the dominant negative mutant of NVL2 was overexpressed in cells, DOB1 appeared to remain associated with nuclear pre-ribosomal particles. Such accumulation was not observed upon overexpression of wild-type NVL2 or a nondominant-negative mutant. Taken together, our results suggest that NVL2 might regulate the association/dissociation reaction of DOB1 with pre-ribosomal particles by acting as a molecular chaperone.

Nagahama, Masami [School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan) and Department of Biological Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8506 (Japan)]. E-mail: nagahama@bio.tokushima-u.ac.jp; Yamazoe, Takeshi [School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Hara, Yoshimitsu [School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Tani, Katsuko [School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Tsuji, Akihiko [Department of Biological Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8506 (Japan); Tagaya, Mitsuo [School of Life Science, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

6

Post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression by the DExD/H-box protein Dhh1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. Parker. 2001. The DEAD box helicase, Dhh1p, functions inR. Parker. 2001. The DEAD box helicase, Dhh1p, functions inconserved predicted RNA helicase required for gametogenesis

Carroll, Johanna Shumway

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Assessment of the pro-apoptotic protein Bim in cAMP/PKA- and glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis of S49 murine lymphoma cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

apoptotic cells in doxycycline-treated double-transgenic2–associated X protein Dox Doxycycline Dex Dexamethasone ixconditionally express Bim with doxycycline xi treatment. The

Ho, Angela Hsuan-Hsuan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Lead contamination in street soils of Nairobi City and Mombasa Island, Kenya  

SciTech Connect

The advent of modern industrialization and, in particular, the motor vehicle has witnessed dramatic increases in lead usage both as a component of lead-acid storage battery and from 1923 as organic lead alkyl anti-knock additive in petroleum. Several workers have established a correlation between increasing lead concentration in roadside soils and vehicular traffic density. Although researchers studied the heavy metal content in Lake Victoria sediments, no urban roadside soils were investigated. Since lead is used as a petrol additive in Kenya, it is necessary to document the extent and magnitude of lead contamination of roadside soils in inland and coastal urban environments and evaluate its environmental implications.

Onyari, J.M.; Wandiga, S.O.; Njenga, G.K.; Nyatebe, J.O. (Univ. of Nairobi (Kenya))

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Microfluidic radiolabeling of biomolecules with PET radiometals Dexing Zeng a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

murine tumour models [3­5] and patient studies [5,6], with promising results. The prepara- tion to possibly more reactive minor impurities), product purification and product analysis can be prob- lematic or tall), mixing units, heaters, pumping sys- tems, are able to control and process chemical or biological

Kenis, Paul J. A.

10

Mercury and platinum abundances in mercury-manganese stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report new results for the elemental and isotopic abundances of the normally rare elements mercury and platinum in HgMn stars. Typical overabundances can be 4 dex or more. The isotopic patterns do not follow the fractionation model of White et al (1976).

C. M. Jomaron; M. M. Dworetsky; D. A. Bohlender

1998-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

11

Motor gasolines, Summer 1982  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The samples were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The analytical data for 796 samples of motor gasoline, were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). They represent the products of 22 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since 1959. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.7 for unleaded 90.0 and above, 89.0 for leaded below 93.0, and no data in this report for 93.0 and above grades of leaded gasoline.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Trends in motor gasolines: 1942-1981  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trends in motor gasolines for the years of 1942 through 1981 have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys that have been prepared and published by the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). These surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines from throughout the country. The surveys have been conducted in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948. Various companies from throughout the country obtain samples from retail outlets, analyze the samples by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures, and report data to the Bartlesville center for compilation, tabulation, calculation, analysis and publication. A typical motor gasoline report covers 2400 samples from service stations throughout the country representing some 48 companies that manufacture and supply gasoline. The reports include trend charts, octane plots, and tables of test results from about a dozen different tests. From these data in 77 semiannual surveys, a summary report has thus been assembled that shows trends in motor gasolines throughout the entire era of winter 1942 to 1943 to the present. Trends of physical properties including octane numbers, antiknock ratings, distillation temperatures, Reid vapor pressure, sulfur and lead content are tabulated, plotted and discussed in the current report. Also included are trend effects of technological advances and the interactions of engine design, societal and political events and prices upon motor gasoline evolution during the 40 year period.

Shelton, E M; Whisman, M L; Woodward, P W

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Motor gasolines, winter 1982-83  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analytical data for 1330 samples of motor gasoline, were collected from service stations throughout the country and were analyzed in the laboratories of various refiners, motor manufacturers, and chemical companies. The data were submitted to the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center for study, necessary calculations, and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) and the American Petroleum Institute (API). The samples represent the products of 28 companies, large and small, which manufacture and supply gasoline. These data are tabulated by groups according to brands (unlabeled) and grades for 17 marketing districts into which the country is divided. A map included in this report, shows marketing areas, districts and sampling locations. The report also includes charts indicating the trends of selected properties of motor fuels since winter 1959-1960 survey for the leaded gasolines, and since winter 1979-1980 survey for the unleaded gasolines. Sixteen octane distribution percent charts for areas 1, 2, 3, and 4 for unleaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 90.0, unleaded antiknock index (R + M/2 90.0 and above, leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 below 93.0, and leaded antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above grades of gasoline are presented in this report. The antiknock (octane) index (R + M)/2 averages of gasoline sold in this country were 87.3 for unleaded below 90.0, 91.5 for unleaded 90.0 and above, and 89.1 for leaded below 93.0, and no data was reported in this report for leaded gasolines with an antiknock index (R + M)/2 93.0 and above. 21 figures, 5 tables.

Shelton, E.M.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

The Sun. A typical star in the solar neighborhood?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sun is used as the fundamental standard in chemical abundance studies, thus it is important to know whether the solar abundance pattern is representative of the solar neighborhood. Albeit at low precision (0.05 - 0.10 dex) the Sun seems to be a typical solar-metallicity disk star, at high precision (0.01 dex) its abundance pattern seems abnormal when compared to solar twins. The Sun shows a deficiency of refractory elements that could be due to the formation of terrestrial planets. The formation of giant planets may also introduce a signature in the chemical composition of stars. We discuss both planet signatures and also the enhancement of neutron-capture elements in the solar twin 18 Sco.

Melendez, Jorge

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Chlorine and Sulfur in Nearby Planetary Nebulae and H II Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the chlorine abundances in a sample of nearby planetary nebulae (PNe) and H II regions that have some of the best available spectra. We use a nearly homogeneous procedure to derive the abundance in each object and find that the Cl/H abundance ratio shows similar values in H II regions and PNe. This supports our previous interpretation that the underabundance we found for oxygen in the H II regions is due to the depletion of their oxygen atoms into organic refractory dust components. For other elements, the bias introduced by ionization correction factors in their derived abundances can be very important, as we illustrate here for sulfur using photoionization models. Even for low-ionization PNe, the derived sulfur abundances can be lower than the real ones by up to 0.3 dex, and the differences found with the abundances derived for H II regions that have similar S/H can reach 0.4 dex.

Rodríguez, Mónica

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Chemical Homogeneity in Collinder 261 and Implications for Chemical Tagging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents abundances for 12 red giants of the old open cluster Collinder 261 based on spectra from VLT/UVES. Abundances were derived for Na, Mg, Si, Ca, Mn, Fe, Ni, Zr and Ba. We find the cluster has a solar-level metallicity of [Fe/H] = -0.03 dex. However some alpha elements were found to be enhanced. The star-to-star scatter was consistent with the expected measurement uncertainty for all elements. The observed rms scatter is as follows: Na = 0.07, Mg = 0.05, Si = 0.06, Ca = 0.05, Mn = 0.03, Fe = 0.02, Ni = 0.04, Zr = 0.12, and Ba = 0.03 dex. The intrinsic scatter was estimated to be less than 0.05 dex. Such high levels of homogeneity indicate that chemical information remains preserved in this old open cluster. We use the chemical homogeneity we have now established in Cr 261, Hyades and the HR1614 moving group to examine the uniqueness of the individual cluster abundance patterns, ie. chemical signatures. We demonstrate that the three studied clusters have unique chemical signatures, and discuss how other such signatures may be searched for in the future. Our findings support the prospect of chemically tagging disk stars to common formation sites in order to unravel the dissipative history of the Galactic disk.

G. M. De Silva; K. C. Freeman; M. Asplund; J. Bland-Hawthorn; M. S. Bessell; R. Collet

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

17

ELEMENTAL ABUNDANCE DIFFERENCES IN THE 16 CYGNI BINARY SYSTEM: A SIGNATURE OF GAS GIANT PLANET FORMATION?  

SciTech Connect

The atmospheric parameters of the components of the 16 Cygni binary system, in which the secondary has a gas giant planet detected, are measured accurately using high-quality observational data. Abundances relative to solar are obtained for 25 elements with a mean error of {sigma}([X/H]) = 0.023 dex. The fact that 16 Cyg A has about four times more lithium than 16 Cyg B is normal considering the slightly different masses of the stars. The abundance patterns of 16 Cyg A and B, relative to iron, are typical of that observed in most of the so-called solar twin stars, with the exception of the heavy elements (Z > 30), which can, however, be explained by Galactic chemical evolution. Differential (A-B) abundances are measured with even higher precision ({sigma}({Delta}[X/H]) = 0.018 dex, on average). We find that 16 Cyg A is more metal-rich than 16 Cyg B by {Delta}[M/H] = +0.041 {+-} 0.007 dex. On an element-to-element basis, no correlation between the A-B abundance differences and dust condensation temperature (T{sub C}) is detected. Based on these results, we conclude that if the process of planet formation around 16 Cyg B is responsible for the observed abundance pattern, the formation of gas giants produces a constant downward shift in the photospheric abundance of metals, without a T{sub C} correlation. The latter would be produced by the formation of terrestrial planets instead, as suggested by other recent works on precise elemental abundances. Nevertheless, a scenario consistent with these observations requires the convective envelopes of {approx_equal} 1 M{sub sun} stars to reach their present-day sizes about three times quicker than predicted by standard stellar evolution models.

RamIrez, I.; Roederer, I. U.; Fish, J. R. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Melendez, J. [Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao 1226, Sao Paulo, 05508-900 SP (Brazil); Cornejo, D., E-mail: ivan@obs.carnegiescience.edu [Departamento de Astrofisica, Agencia Espacial del Peru CONIDA, Luis Felipe Villaran 1069, San Isidro, Lima (Peru)

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

HALO VELOCITY GROUPS IN THE PISCES OVERDENSITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report spectroscopic observations of five faint (V {approx} 20) RR Lyrae stars associated with the Pisces overdensity conducted with the Gemini South Telescope. At a heliocentric and galactocentric distance of {approx}80 kpc, this is the most distant substructure in the Galactic halo known to date. We combined our observations with literature data and confirmed that the substructure is composed of two different kinematic groups. The main group contains eight stars and has (V{sub gsr}) = 50 km s{sup -1}, while the second group contains four stars at a velocity of (V{sub gsr}) = -52 km s{sup -1}, where V{sub gsr} is the radial velocity in the galactocentric standard of rest. The metallicity distribution of RR Lyrae stars in the Pisces overdensity is centered on [Fe/H] = -1.5 dex and has a width of 0.3 dex. The new data allowed us to establish that both groups are spatially extended making it very unlikely that they are bound systems, and are more likely to be debris of a tidally disrupted galaxy or galaxies. Due to small sky coverage, it is still unclear whether these groups have the same or different progenitors.

Sesar, Branimir; Ivezic, Zeljko [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, P.O. Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Vivas, A. Katherina [Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomia (CIDA), Apartado Postal 264, Merida 5101-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Duffau, Sonia, E-mail: bsesar@u.washington.ed, E-mail: zi@u.washington.ed, E-mail: akvivas@cida.v, E-mail: sonia.duffau@gmail.co [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Moenchhofstrasse 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Heavy Element Dispersion in the Metal-Poor Globular Cluster M92  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dispersion among the light elements is common in globular clusters (GCs), while dispersion among heavier elements is less common. We present detection of r-process dispersion relative to Fe in 19 red giants of the metal-poor GC M92. Using spectra obtained with the Hydra multi-object spectrograph on the WIYN Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory, we derive differential abundances for 21 species of 19 elements. The Fe-group elements, plus Y and Zr, are homogeneous at a level of 0.07-0.16 dex. The heavy elements La, Eu, and Ho exhibit clear star-to-star dispersion spanning 0.5-0.8 dex. The abundances of these elements are correlated with one another, and we demonstrate that they were produced by r-process nucleosynthesis. This r-process dispersion is not correlated with the dispersion in C, N, or Na in M92, indicating that r-process inhomogeneities were present in the gas throughout star formation. The r-process dispersion is similar to that previously observed in the metal-poor GC M15, but its origin in M...

Roederer, Ian U

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

HEAVY-ELEMENT DISPERSION IN THE METAL-POOR GLOBULAR CLUSTER M92  

SciTech Connect

Dispersion among the light elements is common in globular clusters (GCs), while dispersion among heavier elements is less common. We present detection of r-process dispersion relative to Fe in 19 red giants of the metal-poor GC M92. Using spectra obtained with the Hydra multi-object spectrograph on the WIYN Telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory, we derive differential abundances for 21 species of 19 elements. The Fe-group elements, plus Y and Zr, are homogeneous at a level of 0.07-0.16 dex. The heavy-elements La, Eu, and Ho exhibit clear star-to-star dispersion spanning 0.5-0.8 dex. The abundances of these elements are correlated with one another, and we demonstrate that they were produced by r-process nucleosynthesis. This r-process dispersion is not correlated with the dispersion in C, N, or Na in M92, indicating that r-process inhomogeneities were present in the gas throughout star formation. The r-process dispersion is similar to that previously observed in the metal-poor GC M15, but its origin in M15 or M92 is unknown at present.

Roederer, Ian U. [Carnegie Observatories, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Sneden, Christopher, E-mail: iur@obs.carnegiescience.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, C1400, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Lithium abundances from the 6104A line in cool Pleiades stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium abundances determined by spectral synthesis from both the 6708A resonance line and the 6104 subordinate line are reported for 11 late-type Pleiades stars, including spectra previously analysed by Russell (1996). We report a 0.7 dex scatter in the abundances from 6708A, and a scatter at least as large from the 6104A line. We find a reasonable correllation between the 6104A and 6708A Li abundances, although four stars have 6104A-determined abundances which are significantly larger than the 6708-determined values, by up to 0.5 dex, suggesting problems with the homogeneous, one-dimensional atmospheres being used. We show that these discrepancies can be explained, although probably not uniquely, by the presence of star spots with plausible coverage fractions. The addition of spots does not significantly reduce the apparent scatter in Li abundances, leaving open the possibility that at least some of the spread is caused by real star-to-star differences in pre-main- sequence Li depletion.

A. Ford; J. Jeffries; B. Smalley

2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

22

ABUNDANCES OF RED GIANTS IN OLD OPEN CLUSTERS. IV. NGC 1817, NGC 1883, NGC 2141, AND NGC 2158  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an analysis of high-dispersion echelle spectra of seven giant stars in the {approx}1-2 Gyr old open clusters NGC 1817, NGC 1883, NGC 2141, and NGC 2158. Abundances were determined relative to the bright, mildly metal-poor disk giant Arcturus. NGC 1817, NGC 1883, NGC 2141, and NGC 2158 are found to have a mean [Fe/H] = -0.07 {+-} 0.04, -0.01 {+-} 0.01, +0.00 {+-} 0.16, and -0.03 {+-} 0.14 (s.d.), respectively. All four clusters show modest ({approx}0.1 dex) enhancements of Na and Si, and scaled solar abundances of Al and Mg, while [O/Fe] {approx} -0.15 dex. [Ca/Fe] and [Ti/Fe] values are slightly subsolar in all four clusters, but this may be due to a systematic effect. Given that all four of these clusters are located at R {sub gc} > 10 kpc in the disk, and barring any systematic effects, our results imply that any abrupt transition in abundance in the Galactic disk occurs beyond R {sub gc} {approx} 13 kpc.

Jacobson, Heather R.; Pilachowski, Catherine A. [Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States); Friel, Eileen D. [National Science Foundation, Division of Astronomical Sciences, Arlington, VA 22230 (United States)], E-mail: hrj@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: catyp@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: efriel@nsf.gov

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Tight Correlations Between Massive Galaxy Structural Properties and Dynamics: The Mass Fundamental Plane Was in Place by z~2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fundamental Plane (FP) is an empirical relation between the size, surface brightness, and velocity dispersion of early-type galaxies. This relation has been studied extensively for early-type galaxies in the local universe to constrain galaxy formation mechanisms. The evolution of the zeropoint of this plane has been extended to high redshifts to study the luminosity evolution of massive galaxies, under the assumption of structural homology. In this work, we assess this assumption by replacing surface brightness with stellar mass density and present the evolution of the "mass FP" for massive, quiescent galaxies since z~2. By accounting for stellar populations, we thereby isolate and trace structural and dynamical evolution. Despite the observed dramatic evolution in the sizes and morphologies of massive galaxies since z~3, we find that quiescent galaxies lie on the mass FP out to z~2. In contrast with ~1.4 dex evolution in the luminosity FP, average residuals from the z~0 mass FP are less than ~0.15 dex s...

Bezanson, Rachel; van de Sande, Jesse; Franx, Marijn; Leja, Joel; Kriek, Mariska

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Giants reveal what dwarfs conceal: Li abundance in lower RGB stars as diagnostic of the primordial Li  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discrepancy between cosmological Li abundance inferred from Population II dwarf stars and that derived from WMAP/BBNS is still far from being solved.We investigated, as an alternative route, the use of Li abundances in Population II lower RGB stars as empirical diagnostic of the cosmological Li. Both theory and observations suggest that the surface A(Li) in red giants after the completion of the first dredge-up and before the RGB bump, are significantly less sensitive to the efficiency of atomic diffusion, compared with dwarf stars. Standard stellar models computed under different physical assumptions show that the inclusion of the atomic diffusion has an impact of 0.07dex in the determination of A(Li)0 (much smaller than the case of MS stars) and it is basically unaffected by reasonable variations of other parameters (overshooting, age,initial Y, mixing length). We have determined the surface Li content of 17 Halo lower RGB stars,in the metallicity range [Fe/H]=-3.4 /-1.4 dex. The initial Li has then bee...

Mucciarelli, A; Bonifacio, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Higher Prices from Entry: Pricing of Brand-Name Drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Distance Figure 6 Cumulative Unexpected Price Effectsand Paul J. Seguin, "Price Volatility, Trading Volume andGoods in Pharmaceutical Price In- dexes," American Economic

Perloff, Jeffrey M.; Suslow, Valerie Y.; Seguin, Paul J.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The two recognized laboratory engine test methods for determining the antiknock rating, i.e., octane rating, of gasolines are the Research method and the Motor method.

27

Glossary - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... has high octane value and is blended with motor and aviation gasoline to improve the antiknock value of the fuel. All-electric ... Other home energy-saving ...

28

The Bacillus Subtilis RNA Helicase YxiN Is Distended in Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Bacillus subtilis YxiN protein is a modular three-domain RNA helicase of the DEx(D/H)-box protein family. The first two domains form the highly conserved helicase core, and the third domain confers RNA target binding specificity. Small angle x-ray scattering on YxiN and two-domain fragments thereof shows that the protein has a distended structure in solution, in contrast to helicases involved in replication processes. These data are consistent with a chaperone activity in which the carboxy-terminal domain of YxiN tethers the protein to the vicinity of its targets and the helicase core is free to transiently interact with RNA duplexes, possibly to melt out misfolded elements of secondary structure.

Wang, S.; Overgaard, M.T.; Hu, Y.; McKay, D.B.

2009-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

29

THE RAVE SURVEY: RICH IN VERY METAL-POOR STARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very metal-poor stars are of obvious importance for many problems in chemical evolution, star formation, and galaxy evolution. Finding complete samples of such stars which are also bright enough to allow high-precision individual analyses is of considerable interest. We demonstrate here that stars with iron abundances [Fe/H] <-2 dex, and down to below -4 dex, can be efficiently identified within the Radial Velocity Experiment (RAVE) survey of bright stars, without requiring additional confirmatory observations. We determine a calibration of the equivalent width of the calcium triplet lines measured from the RAVE spectra onto true [Fe/H], using high spectral resolution data for a subset of the stars. These RAVE iron abundances are accurate enough to obviate the need for confirmatory higher-resolution spectroscopy. Our initial study has identified 631 stars with [Fe/H] {<=}-2, from a RAVE database containing approximately 200,000 stars. This RAVE-based sample is complete for stars with [Fe/H] {approx_lt}-2.5, allowing statistical sample analysis. We identify three stars with [Fe/H] {approx_lt}-4. Of these, one was already known to be 'ultra metal-poor', one is a known carbon-enhanced metal-poor star, but we obtain [Fe/H] = -4.0, rather than the published [Fe/H] = -3.3, and derive [C/Fe] = +0.9, and [N/Fe] = +3.2, and the third is at the limit of our signal-to-noise ratio. RAVE observations are ongoing and should prove to be a rich source of bright, easily studied, very metal-poor stars.

Fulbright, Jon P.; Wyse, Rosemary F. G.; Ruchti, Gregory R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 366 Bloomberg Center, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gilmore, G. F. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Grebel, Eva [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Moenchhofstr. 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Bienayme, O.; Siebert, A. [Observatoire de Strasbourg, 11 Rue de L'Universite, 67000 Strasbourg (France); Binney, J. [Rudolf Pierls Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Bland-Hawthorn, J. [Anglo-Australian Observatory, P.O. Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Campbell, R. [Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY (United States); Freeman, K. C. [RSAA Australian National University, Mount Stromlo Observatory, Cotter Road, Weston Creek, Canberra, ACT 72611 (Australia); Gibson, B. K. [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Astrophysics and Super-computing, University of Central Lancashire, Preston (United Kingdom); Helmi, A. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Munari, U. [INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Via dell'Osservatorio 8, Asiago I-36012 (Italy); Navarro, J. F.; Siviero, A. [University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Station CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Parker, Q. A.; Reid, W. [Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109 (Australia); Seabroke, G. M. [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St Mary, Dorking, RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Steinmetz, M. [Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany)

2010-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

30

ELEMENTAL ABUNDANCE RATIOS IN STARS OF THE OUTER GALACTIC DISK. IV. A NEW SAMPLE OF OPEN CLUSTERS  

SciTech Connect

We present radial velocities and chemical abundances for nine stars in the old, distant open clusters Be18, Be21, Be22, Be32, and PWM4. For Be18 and PWM4, these are the first chemical abundance measurements. Combining our data with literature results produces a compilation of some 68 chemical abundance measurements in 49 unique clusters. For this combined sample, we study the chemical abundances of open clusters as a function of distance, age, and metallicity. We confirm that the metallicity gradient in the outer disk is flatter than the gradient in the vicinity of the solar neighborhood. We also confirm that the open clusters in the outer disk are metal-poor with enhancements in the ratios [{alpha}/Fe] and perhaps [Eu/Fe]. All elements show negligible or small trends between [X/Fe] and distance (<0.02 dex kpc{sup -1}), but for some elements, there is a hint that the local (R{sub GC} < 13 kpc) and distant (R{sub GC} > 13 kpc) samples may have different trends with distance. There is no evidence for significant abundance trends versus age (<0.04 dex Gyr{sup -1}). We measure the linear relation between [X/Fe] and metallicity, [Fe/H], and find that the scatter about the mean trend is comparable to the measurement uncertainties. Comparison with solar neighborhood field giants shows that the open clusters share similar abundance ratios [X/Fe] at a given metallicity. While the flattening of the metallicity gradient and enhanced [{alpha}/Fe] ratios in the outer disk suggest a chemical enrichment history different from that of the solar neighborhood, we echo the sentiments expressed by Friel et al. that definitive conclusions await homogeneous analyses of larger samples of stars in larger numbers of clusters. Arguably, our understanding of the evolution of the outer disk from open clusters is currently limited by systematic abundance differences between various studies.

Yong, David [Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Weston, ACT 2611 (Australia); Carney, Bruce W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3255 (United States); Friel, Eileen D., E-mail: yong@mso.anu.edu.au, E-mail: bruce@physics.unc.edu, E-mail: efriel@indiana.edu [Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Translational Control in Fungi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

eIF4G also stimulates the helicase activity of eIF4A and,is an ATP-dependent RNA helicase of the DExD/H-box family.is a weak, non-processive helicase and requires activation

Clarkson, Bryan Kensey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Xenon in Mercury-Manganese Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous studies of elemental abundances in Mercury-Manganese (HgMn) stars have occasionally reported the presence of lines of the ionized rare noble gas Xe II, especially in a few of the hottest stars with Teff ~ 13000--15000 K. A new study of this element has been undertaken using observations from Lick Observatory's Hamilton Echelle Spectrograph. In this work, the spectrum synthesis program UCLSYN has been used to undertake abundance analysis assuming LTE. We find that in the Smith & Dworetsky sample of HgMn stars, Xe is vastly over-abundant in 21 of 22 HgMn stars studied, by factors of 3.1--4.8 dex. There does not appear to be a significant correlation of Xe abundance with Teff. A comparison sample of normal late B stars shows no sign of Xe II lines that could be detected, consistent with the expected weakness of lines at normal abundance. The main reason for the previous lack of widespread detection in HgMn stars is probably due to the strongest lines being at longer wavelengths than the photographic blue. The lines used in this work were 4603.03A, 4844.33A and 5292.22A.

M. M. Dworetsky; J. L. Persaud; K. Patel

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

33

AGES AND METALLICITIES OF CLUSTER GALAXIES IN A779 USING MODIFIED STROeMGREN PHOTOMETRY  

SciTech Connect

In the quest for the formation and evolution of galaxy clusters, Rakos and co-workers introduced a spectrophotometric method using modified Stroemgren photometry, but with the considerable debate toward the project's abilities, we re-introduce the system by testing for the repeatability of the modified Stroemgren colors and compare them with the Stroemgren colors, and check for the reproducibility of the ages and metallicities (using the Principle Component Analysis (PCA) technique and the GALEV models) for the six common galaxies in all three A779 data sets. As a result, a fair agreement between two filter systems was found to produce similar colors (with a precision of 0.09 mag in (uz - vz), 0.02 mag in (bz - yz), and 0.03 mag in (vz - vz)) and the generated ages and metallicities are also similar (with an uncertainty of 0.36 Gyr and 0.04 dex from PCA and 0.44 Gyr and 0.2 dex using the GALEV models). We infer that the technique is able to relieve the age-metallicity degeneracy by separating the age effects from the metallicity effects, but it is still unable to completely eliminate it. We further extend this paper to re-study the evolution of galaxies in the low mass, dynamically poor A779 cluster (as it was not elaborately analyzed by Rakos and co-workers in their previous work) by correlating the luminosity (mass), density, and radial distance with the estimated age, metallicity, and the star formation history. Our results distinctly show the bimodality of the young, low-mass, metal-poor population with a mean age of 6.7 Gyr ({+-} 0.5 Gyr) and the old, high-mass, metal-rich galaxies with a mean age of 9 Gyr ({+-} 0.5 Gyr). The method also observes the color evolution of the blue cluster galaxies to red (Butcher-Oemler phenomenon), and the downsizing phenomenon. Our analysis shows that modified Stroemgren photometry is very well suited for studying low- and intermediate-z clusters, as it is capable of observing deeper with better spatial resolution at spectroscopic redshift limits, and the narrowband filters estimate the age and metallicity with fewer uncertainties compared to other methods that study stellar population scenarios.

Sreedhar, Yuvraj Harsha; Rakos, Karl D.; Hensler, Gerhard; Zeilinger, Werner W. [University of Vienna, Institute of Astronomy, Tuerkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180 Vienna (Austria); Odell, Andrew P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ (United States)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling Pb-Contaminated Soils  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling The Source of Airborne Lead: Recycling Pb-Contaminated Soils Starting in the 1970s, federal regulatory control and eventual elimination of lead-based "anti-knock" additives in gasoline decreased the level of airborne Pb in the USA by two orders-of-magnitude [1]. Blood lead levels of the USA figure 1 Figure 1. The good, the bad, and the ugly. Ambient airborne particulate matter captured on filters of woven silica fiber (large strips) and TeflonTM (round). Clean fiber filter at bottom for comparison. Take a deep breath? population decreased correspondingly [2,3]. Despite this dramatic improvement in both exposure risk and body burden of Pb, the sources and health threat of the low levels of lead in our "unleaded" air remain topics

35

PSADEFS.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Definitions Definitions of Petroleum Products and Other Terms Alcohol. The family name of a group of organic chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a hydrocarbon plus a hydroxyl group; CH 3 - (CH 2 )n-OH (e.g., methanol, ethanol, and tertiary butyl alcohol). Alkylate. The product of an alkylation reaction. It usu- ally refers to the high octane product from alkylation units. This alkylate is used in blending high octane gaso- line. Alkylation. A refining process for chemically combining isobutane with olefin hydrocarbons (e.g., propylene, buty- lene) through the control of temperature and pressure in the presence of an acid catalyst, usually sulfuric acid or hydrofluoric acid. The product, alkylate, an isoparaffin, has high octane value and is blended with motor and aviation gasoline to improve the antiknock

36

Separation and concentration of lower alcohols from dilute aqueous solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for producing, from a dilute aqueous solution of a lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alcohol, a concentrated liquid solution of the alcohol in an aromatic organic solvent is disclosed. Most of the water is removed from the dilute aqueous solution of alcohol by chilling sufficiently to form ice crystals. Simultaneously, the remaining liquid is extracted at substantially the same low temperature with a liquid organic solvent that is substantially immiscible in aqueous liquids and has an affinity for the alcohol at that temperature, causing the alcohol to transfer to the organic phase. After separating the organic liquid from the ice crystals, the organic liquid can be distilled to enrich the concentration of alcohol therein. Ethanol so separated from water and concentrated in an organic solvent such as toluene is useful as an anti-knock additive for gasoline.

Moore, Raymond H. (Richland, WA); Eakin, David E. (Kennewick, WA); Baker, Eddie G. (Richland, WA); Hallen, Richard T. (Richland, WA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Analysis of Combustion Chamber Deposits by ESI-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Combustion chamber deposits (CCD) in internal combustion engines have been studied by various techniques to understand the relationship of performance degradation with deposit quantity and structure. XPS, XAS, NMR, and elemental analysis have offered insight into the bulk structure of C, H, N, O and metal components. MS has offered some information about compound structure, but results are limited due to the insolubility and complexity of the materials. Recently, we have reported on the metal structure by XPS and XAS of several deposits from a GM 3800 engine generated using a standard fuel and one that contains low levels of the gasoline anti-knock additive, MMT. Here we report the initial findings on the carbon structure of these deposits determined by ESI-TOF-MS and MADLI-TOF-MS.

Reynolds, J G; Shields, S J; Roos, J W

2001-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

38

FRAGILE BINARY CANDIDATES IN THE SDSS DR8 SPECTROSCOPIC ARCHIVE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a catalog of 80 very wide fragile binary candidates (projected separations >10,000 AU) from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release Eight spectral archive. The pairs were selected based on proper motion, radial velocity, metallicity, and photometric parallax criteria. The angular separations of these pairs range from 3'' to 250''. The peak in the metallicity distribution of these pairs is about -0.5 dex of solar metallicity. Space motions and reduced proper motion diagrams indicate that all these pairs are members of the disk. The chromospheric activity index S{sub HK} of each component in 38 binary candidates having spectra of high signal-to-noise ratio and member stars of three open clusters (NGC 2420, M67, and NGC 6791) were measured. The S{sub HK} versus color relation for these binary candidates is consistent with the trend seen in these open clusters. The ages implied by this relation suggest that fragile wide pairs can survive longer than 8 Gyr.

Zhao, J. K.; Oswalt, T. D. [Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL 32901 (United States); Zhao, G., E-mail: jzhao@fit.edu, E-mail: toswalt@fit.edu, E-mail: gzhao@bao.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

ApJ Letters, in press Preprint typeset using L ATEX style emulateapj v. 6/22/04 DISCOVERY OF> 200 RR LYRAE VARIABLES IN M62:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ApJ Letters, in press We report on the discovery of a large number of RR Lyrae variable stars in the moderately metal-rich Galactic globular cluster M62 (NGC 6266), which places it among the top three most RR Lyrae-rich globular clusters known. Likely members of the cluster in our studied field, from our preliminary number counts, include ? 130 fundamental-mode (RRab) pulsators, with ?Pab ? = 0.548 d, and ? 75 first-overtone (RRc) pulsators, with ?Pc ? = 0.300 d. The average periods and the position of the RRab variables with well-defined light curves in the Bailey diagram both suggest that the cluster is of Oosterhoff type I. However, the morphology of the cluster’s horizontal branch (HB) is strikingly similar to that of the Oosterhoff type II globular cluster M15 (NGC 7078), with a dominant blue HB component and a very extended blue tail. Since M15 and M62 differ in metallicity by about one dex, we conclude that metallicity, at a fixed HB type, is a key parameter determining the Oosterhoff status of a globular cluster and the position of its variables in the Bailey diagram.

An Oosterhoff; I Globular; A Predominantly; Blue Hb; R. Contreras; M. Catelan; Horace A. Smith; Barton J. Pritzl; J. Borissova

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

The Variable Star Population of the Globular Cluster B514 in the Andromeda Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A rich harvest of RR Lyrae stars has been identified for the first time in B514, a metal-poor ([Fe/H] = 1.95 +/- 0.10 dex) globular cluster of the Andromeda galaxy (M31), based on Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 and Advanced Camera for Surveys time-series observations. We have detected and derived periods for 89 RR Lyrae stars (82 fundamental-mode -RRab- and 7 first-overtone -RRc- pulsators, respectively) among 161 candidate variables identified in the cluster. The average period of the RR Lyrae variables ( = 0.58 days and = 0.35 days, for RRab and RRc pulsators, respectively) and the position in the period-amplitude diagram both suggest that B514 is likely an Oosterhoff type I cluster. This appears to be in disagreement with the general behaviour of the metal-poor globular clusters in the Milky Way, which show instead Oosterhoff type II pulsation properties. The average apparent magnitude of the RR Lyrae stars sets the mean level of the cluster horizontal branch at = 25.18 +/- 0.02 (si...

Clementini, Gisella; Federici, Luciana; Cacciari, Carla; Merighi, Roberto; Smith, Horace A; Catelan, Marcio; Pecci, Flavio Fusi; Marconi, Marcella; Kinemuchi, Karen; Pritzl, Barton J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Fe and Al Abundances for 180 Red Giants in the Globular Cluster Omega Centauri (NGC 5139)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present radial velocities, Fe, and Al abundances for 180 red giant branch (RGB) stars in the Galactic globular cluster Omega Centauri ($\\omega$ Cen). The majority of our data lie in the range 11.0$Al/Fe] ratios exhibit large star--to--star scatter for all populations, with the more than 1.0 dex range of [Al/Fe] decreasing for stars more metal--rich than [Fe/H]$\\sim$--1.4. The minimum [Al/Fe] abundance observed for all metallicity populations is [Al/Fe]$\\sim$+0.15. The maximum abundance of log $\\epsilon$(Al) is reached for stars with [Fe/H]$\\sim$--1.4 and does not increase further with stellar metallicity. We interpret these results as evidence for type II SNe providing the minimum [Al/Fe] ratio and a mass spectrum of intermediate mass asymptotic giant branch stars causing the majority of the [Al/Fe] scatter. These results seem to fit in the adopted scheme that star formation occurred in $\\omega$ Cen over $>$1 Gyr.

Christian I. Johnson; Catherine A. Pilachowski; Jennifer Simmerer; Dustin Schwenk

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

42

Does the Oosterhoff Dichotomy Exist in The Andromeda Galaxy? I. The case of G11  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first evidence that Oosterhoff type II globular clusters exist in the Andromeda galaxy (M31). On the basis of time-series photometry of the moderately metal-poor ([Fe/H]\\sim -1.6 dex) M31 globular cluster G11, obtained with the Wide Field Planetary Camera 2 on board the Hubble Space Telescope, we detected and derived periods for 14 RR Lyrae stars, of which five are found to lie inside the cluster tidal radius. They include three fundamental-mode (RRab) and two first-overtone (RRc) pulsators, with average periods = 0.70 d, and = 0.40 d, respectively. These mean periods and the position of the cluster variable stars in the period-amplitude and period-metallicity diagrams, all suggest that G11 is likely to be an Oosterhoff type II globular cluster. This appears to be in agreement with the general behavior of Milky Way globular clusters with similar metallicity and horizontal branch morphology.

Ramos, Rodrigo Contreras; Federici, Luciana; Fiorentino, Giuliana; Cacciari, Carla; Catelan, Marcio; Smith, Horace A; Pecci, Flavio Fusi; Marconi, Marcella; Pritzl, Barton J; Kinemuchi, Karen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A COLD MILKY WAY STELLAR STREAM IN THE DIRECTION OF TRIANGULUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present evidence for a new Milky Way stellar tidal stream in the direction of the Andromeda and Triangulum (M31 and M33) galaxies. Using a matched-filter technique, we search the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 8 by creating stellar density maps which probe the Milky Way halo at distances between 8 and 40 kpc. A visual search of these maps recovers all of the major known stellar streams, as well as a new stream in the direction of M31/M33 that we name the Triangulum stream. The stream spans 0.{sup 0}2 by 12 Degree-Sign on the sky, or 75 pc by 5.5 kpc in physical units with a best-fitting distance of 26 {+-} 4 kpc. The width of the stream is consistent with being the tidal remnant of a globular cluster. A color-magnitude diagram of the stream region shows an overdensity which, if identified as a main-sequence turnoff, corresponds to an old ({approx}12 Gyr) and metal-poor ([Fe/H] {approx}-1.0 dex) stellar population. Future kinematic studies of this and similar cold streams will provide tight constraints on the shape of the Galactic gravitational potential.

Bonaca, Ana; Geha, Marla; Kallivayalil, Nitya, E-mail: ana.bonaca@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

44

Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine beta Cephei stars, all of them being prime targets for theoretical modelling: gamma Peg, delta Cet, nu Eri, beta CMa, xi1 CMa, V836 Cen, V2052 Oph, beta Cep and DD (12) Lac. The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, \\Omega R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: beta Cep (\\Omega R~26 km/s), V2052 Oph (\\Omega R~56 km/s), delta Cet (\\Omega R field and briefly discuss recent theoretical work pointing to the occurrence of diffusion effects in beta Cephei stars possibly capable of altering the nitrogen surface abundance. On the other hand, the abundances of all the other chemical elements considered are, within the errors, indistinguishable from the values found for OB dwarfs in the solar neighbourhood. Despite the mild nitrogen excess observed in some objects, we thus find no evidence for a significantly higher photospheric metal content in the studied beta Cephei stars compared to non-pulsating B-type stars of similar characteristics.

T. Morel; K. Butler; C. Aerts; C. Neiner; M. Briquet

2006-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

45

Discovery of > 200 RR Lyrae Variables in M62: An Oosterhoff I Globular Cluster with a Predominantly Blue HB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of a large number of RR Lyrae variable stars in the moderately metal-rich Galactic globular cluster M62 (NGC 6266), which places it among the top three most RR Lyrae-rich globular clusters known. Likely members of the cluster in our studied field, from our preliminary number counts, include about 130 fundamental-mode (RRab) pulsators, with = 0.548 d, and about 75 first-overtone (RRc) pulsators, with = 0.300 d. The average periods and the position of the RRab variables with well-defined light curves in the Bailey diagram both suggest that the cluster is of Oosterhoff type I. However, the morphology of the cluster's horizontal branch (HB) is strikingly similar to that of the Oosterhoff type II globular cluster M15 (NGC 7078), with a dominant blue HB component and a very extended blue tail. Since M15 and M62 differ in metallicity by about one dex, we conclude that metallicity, at a fixed HB type, is a key parameter determining the Oosterhoff status of a globular cluster and the position of its variables in the Bailey diagram.

R. Contreras; M. Catelan; H. A. Smith; B. J. Pritzl; J. Borissova

2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

46

The effect of clouds in a galactic wind on the evolution of gas-rich dwarf galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) We study the effects of interstellar clouds on the dynamical and chemical evolution of gas-rich dwarf galaxies. In particular, we focus on two model galaxies similar to IZw18 and NGC1569 in comparison to models in which a smooth initial distribution of gas is assumed. We use a 2-D hydrodynamical code coupled with a series of routines able to trace the chemical products of SNeII, SNeIa and intermediate-mass stars. Clouds are simulated by adding overdense regions in the computational grid, whose locations are chosen randomly and whose density profiles match observed ones. The clouds are inherently dynamically coupled to the diffuse gas, and they experience heat conduction from a hot surrounding gas. Due to dynamical processes and thermal evaporation, the clouds survive only a few tens of Myr. Due to the additional cooling agent, the internal energy of cloudy models is typically reduced by 20 - 40% compared with models of diffuse gas alone. The clouds delay the development of large-scale outflows by mass loading, therefore helping to retain a larger amount of gas inside the galaxy. However, their bullet effect can pierce the expanding supershell and create holes through which the superbubble can vent freshly produced metals. Moreover, assuming a pristine chemical composition for the clouds, their interaction with the superbubble dilutes the gas, reducing the metallicity. The resulting final metallicity is therefore generally lower (by ~ 0.2 - 0.4 dex) than the one attained by diffuse models.

S. Recchi; G. Hensler

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

47

Discovery of > 200 RR Lyrae Variables in M62: An Oosterhoff I Globular Cluster with a Predominantly Blue HB  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the discovery of a large number of RR Lyrae variable stars in the moderately metal-rich Galactic globular cluster M62 (NGC 6266), which places it among the top three most RR Lyrae-rich globular clusters known. Likely members of the cluster in our studied field, from our preliminary number counts, include about 130 fundamental-mode (RRab) pulsators, with = 0.548 d, and about 75 first-overtone (RRc) pulsators, with = 0.300 d. The average periods and the position of the RRab variables with well-defined light curves in the Bailey diagram both suggest that the cluster is of Oosterhoff type I. However, the morphology of the cluster's horizontal branch (HB) is strikingly similar to that of the Oosterhoff type II globular cluster M15 (NGC 7078), with a dominant blue HB component and a very extended blue tail. Since M15 and M62 differ in metallicity by about one dex, we conclude that metallicity, at a fixed HB type, is a key parameter determining the Oosterhoff status of a globular cluster and the posit...

Contreras, R; Smith, H A; Pritzl, B J; Borissova, J

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

A New Census of the variable star population in the Globular Cluster NGC 2419  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present B, V and I CCD light curves for 101 variable stars belonging to the globular cluster NGC2419, 60 of which are new discoveries, based on datasets obtained at the TNG, SUBARU and HST telescopes. The sample includes 75 RR Lyrae stars (of which 38 RRab, 36 RRc and one RRd), one Population II Cepheid, 12 SX Phoenicis variables, 2 DeltaScuti stars, 3 binary systems, 5 long-period variables, and 3 variables of uncertain classification. The pulsation properties of the RR Lyrae variables are close to those of Oosterhoff type II clusters, consistent with the low metal abundance and the cluster horizontal branch morphology,disfavoring (but not totally ruling out) an extragalactic hypotesis for the origin of NGC2419. The observed properties of RR Lyrae and SX Phoenicis stars are used to estimate the cluster reddening and distance, using a number of different methods. Our final value is mo(NGC2419)=19.71+/-0.08mag (D= 87.5+/-3.3kpc), with E(B-V)=0.08+/-0.01mag, [Fe/H]=-2.1dex in the Zinn & West metallicity ...

Di Criscienzo, M; Ripepi, V; Clementini, G; Ora, M Dall'; Marconi, M; Musella, I; Federici, L; Di Fabrizio, L

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Chemical Abundances in Twelve Red Giants of the Large Magellanic Cloud from High-Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution infrared spectra (R=50,000) have been obtained for twelve red-giant members of the LMC with the Gemini South 8.3-meter telescope plus Phoenix spectrometer. Quantitative chemical abundances of carbon-12, carbon-13, nitrogen-14, and oxygen-16 were derived from molecular lines of CO, CN, and OH, while sodium, scandium, titanium, and iron abundances were derived from neutral atomic lines. The LMC giants have masses from about 1 to 4 solar masses and span a metallicity range from [Fe/H]= -1.1 to -0.3. The program red giants all show evidence of first dredge-up mixing, with low 12C/13C ratios, and low 12C correlated with high 14N abundances. Comparisons of the oxygen-to-iron ratios in the LMC and the Galaxy indicate that the trend of [O/Fe] versus [Fe/H] in the LMC falls about 0.2 dex below the Galactic trend. Such an offset can be modeled as due to an overall lower rate of supernovae per unit mass in the LMC relative to the Galaxy, as well as a slightly lower ratio of supernovae of type II to supernovae of type Ia.

V. V. Smith; K. H. Hinkle; K. Cunha; B. Plez; D. L. Lambert; C. A. Pilachowski; B. Barbuy; J. Melendez; S. Balachandran; M. S. Bessell; D. P. Geisler; J. E. Hesser; C. Winge

2002-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

50

Abundance analysis of prime B-type targets for asteroseismology I. Nitrogen excess in slowly-rotating beta Cephei stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a detailed NLTE abundance study of nine beta Cephei stars, all of them being prime targets for theoretical modelling: gamma Peg, delta Cet, nu Eri, beta CMa, xi1 CMa, V836 Cen, V2052 Oph, beta Cep and DD (12) Lac. The following chemical elements are considered: He, C, N, O, Mg, Al, Si, S and Fe. Our abundance analysis is based on a large number of time-resolved, high-resolution optical spectra covering in most cases the entire oscillation cycle of the stars. Nitrogen is found to be enhanced by up to 0.6 dex in four stars, three of which have severe constraints on their equatorial rotational velocity, \\Omega R, from seismic or line-profile variation studies: beta Cep (\\Omega R~26 km/s), V2052 Oph (\\Omega R~56 km/s), delta Cet (\\Omega R < 28 km/s) and xi1 CMa (\\Omega R sin i < 10 km/s). The existence of core-processed material at the surface of such largely unevolved, slowly-rotating objects is not predicted by current evolutionary models including rotation. We draw attention to ...

Morel, T; Aerts, C; Neiner, C; Briquet, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Metal Abundances, Radial Velocities and other Physical Characteristics for the RR Lyrae Stars in the Kepler Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spectroscopic iron-to-hydrogen ratios, radial velocities, atmospheric parameters, and new photometric analyses are presented for 41 RR Lyrae stars (and one probable high-amplitude delta Scuti star) located in the field-of-view of the Kepler space telescope. Thirty-seven of the RR Lyrae stars are fundamental-mode pulsators (i.e., RRab stars) of which 16 exhibit the Blazhko effect. Four of the stars are multiperiodic RRc pulsators oscillating primarily in the first-overtone mode. Spectroscopic [Fe/H] values for the 34 stars for which we were able to derive estimates range from -2.54 +/- 0.13 (NR Lyr) to -0.05 +/- 0.13 dex (V784 Cyg), and for the 19 Kepler-field non-Blazhko stars studied by Nemec et al.(2011) the abundances agree will with their photometric [Fe/H] values. Four non-Blazhko RR Lyrae stars that they identified as metal-rich (KIC 6100702, V2470 Cyg, V782 Cyg and V784 Cyg) are confirmed as such, and four additional stars (V839 Cyg, KIC 5520878, KIC 8832417, KIC 3868420) are also shown here to be meta...

Nemec, James M; Ripepi, Vincenzo; Derekas, Aliz; Moskalik, Pawel; Sesar, Branimir; Chadid, Merieme; Bruntt, Hans

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Stellar abundances and ages for metal-rich Milky Way globular clusters - Stellar parameters and elemental abundances for 9 HB stars in NGC6352  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[ABRIDGED] Metal-rich globular clusters provide important tracers of the formation of our Galaxy. Moreover, and not less important, they are very important calibrators for the derivation of properties of extra-galactic metal-rich stellar populations. Nonetheless, only a few of the metal-rich globular clusters in the Milky Way have been studied using high-resolution stellar spectra to derive elemental abundances. In this paper we present elemental abundances for nine HB stars in the metal-rich globular cluster NGC6352. The elemental abundances are based on high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra obtained with VLT/UVES. The elemental abundances have been derived using standard LTE calculations. We find that NGC6352 has [Fe/H]= -0.55, is enhanced in the alpha-elements to about +0.2 dex for Ca, Si, and Ti relative to Fe. For the iron-peak elements we find solar values. Based on the spectroscopically derived stellar parameters we find that an E(B-V)=0.24 and (m-M) roughly equal to 14.05 better fits the data ...

Feltzing, S; Johnson, R A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

CHARACTERIZING TRANSITION TEMPERATURE GAS IN THE GALACTIC CORONA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a study of the properties of the transition temperature (T {approx} 10{sup 5} K) gas in the Milky Way corona, based on the measurements of O VI, N V, C IV, Si IV, and Fe III absorption lines seen in the far-ultraviolet spectra of 58 sight lines to extragalactic targets, obtained with the Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer and the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. In many sight lines the Galactic absorption profiles show multiple components, which are analyzed separately. We find that the highly ionized atoms are distributed irregularly in a layer with a scale height of about 3 kpc, which rotates along with the gas in the disk, without an obvious gradient in the rotation velocity away from the Galactic plane. Within this layer the gas has randomly oriented velocities with a dispersion of 40-60 km s{sup -1}. On average the integrated column densities are log N(O VI) = 14.3, log N(N V) = 13.5, log N(C IV) = 14.2, log N(Si IV) = 13.6, and log N(Fe III) = 14.2, with a dispersion of just 0.2 dex in each case. In sight lines around the Galactic center and Galactic north pole, all column densities are enhanced by a factor {approx}2, while at intermediate latitudes in the southern sky there is a deficit in N(O VI) of about a factor of two, but no deficit for the other ions. We compare the column densities and ionic ratios to a series of theoretical predictions: collisional ionization equilibrium, shock ionization, conductive interfaces, turbulent mixing, thick disk supernovae, static non-equilibrium ionization (NIE) radiative cooling, and an NIE radiative cooling model in which the gas flows through the cooling zone. None of these models can fully reproduce the data, but it is clear that NIE radiative cooling is important in generating the transition temperature gas.

Wakker, Bart P.; Savage, Blair D. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Fox, Andrew J. [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Benjamin, Robert A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore MD 21218 (United States); Shapiro, Paul R., E-mail: wakker@astro.wisc.edu, E-mail: savage@astro.wisc.edu, E-mail: afox@stsci.edu, E-mail: benjamir@uww.edu, E-mail: shapiro@astro.as.utexas.edu [University of Texas at Austin, Department of Astronomy, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

54

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BLACK HOLE GROWTH AND STAR FORMATION IN SEYFERT GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We present estimates of black hole accretion rates (BHARs) and nuclear, extended, and total star formation rates for a complete sample of Seyfert galaxies. Using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, we measure the active galactic nucleus (AGN) luminosity using the [O IV] {lambda}25.89 {mu}m emission line and the star-forming luminosity using the 11.3 {mu}m aromatic feature and extended 24 {mu}m continuum emission. We find that black hole growth is strongly correlated with nuclear (r < 1 kpc) star formation, but only weakly correlated with extended (r > 1 kpc) star formation in the host galaxy. In particular, the nuclear star formation rate (SFR) traced by the 11.3 {mu}m aromatic feature follows a relationship with the BHAR of the form SFR{proportional_to} M-dot{sub BH}{sup 0.8}, with an observed scatter of 0.5 dex. This SFR-BHAR relationship persists when additional star formation in physically matched r = 1 kpc apertures is included, taking the form SFR{proportional_to} M-dot{sub BH}{sup 0.6}. However, the relationship becomes almost indiscernible when total SFRs are considered. This suggests a physical connection between the gas on sub-kiloparsec and sub-parsec scales in local Seyfert galaxies that is not related to external processes in the host galaxy. It also suggests that the observed scaling between star formation and black hole growth for samples of AGNs will depend on whether the star formation is dominated by a nuclear or an extended component. We estimate the integrated black hole and bulge growth that occurs in these galaxies and find that an AGN duty cycle of 5%-10% would maintain the ratio between black hole and bulge masses seen in the local universe.

Diamond-Stanic, Aleksandar M. [Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 (United States); Rieke, George H. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Connection between Galaxies and Dark Matter Structures in the Local Universe  

SciTech Connect

We provide new constraints on the connection between galaxies in the local Universe, identified by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), and dark matter halos and their constituent substructures in the {Lambda}CDM model using WMAP7 cosmological parameters. Predictions for the abundance and clustering properties of dark matter halos, and the relationship between dark matter hosts and substructures, are based on a high-resolution cosmological simulation, the Bolshoi simulation. We associate galaxies with dark matter halos and subhalos using subhalo abundance matching, and perform a comprehensive analysis which investigates the underlying assumptions of this technique including (a) which halo property is most closely associated with galaxy stellar masses and luminosities, (b) how much scatter is in this relationship, and (c) how much subhalos can be stripped before their galaxies are destroyed. The models are jointly constrained by new measurements of the projected two-point galaxy clustering and the observed conditional stellar mass function of galaxies in groups. We find that an abundance matching model that associates galaxies with the peak circular velocity of their halos is in good agreement with the data, when scatter of 0.20 {+-} 0.03 dex in stellar mass at a given peak velocity is included. This confirms the theoretical expectation that the stellar mass of galaxies is tightly correlated with the potential wells of their dark matter halos before they are impacted by larger structures. The data put tight constraints on the satellite fraction of galaxies as a function of galaxy stellar mass and on the scatter between halo and galaxy properties, and rule out several alternative abundance matching models that have been considered. This will yield important constraints for galaxy formation models, and also provides encouraging indications that the galaxy - halo connection can be modeled with sufficient fidelity for future precision studies of the dark Universe.

Reddick, Rachel M.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Tinker, Jeremy L.; Behroozi, Peter S.

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

56

THE CONNECTION BETWEEN GALAXIES AND DARK MATTER STRUCTURES IN THE LOCAL UNIVERSE  

SciTech Connect

We provide new constraints on the connection between galaxies in the local universe, identified by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and dark matter halos and their constituent substructures in the {Lambda}-cold dark matter model using WMAP7 cosmological parameters. Predictions for the abundance and clustering properties of dark matter halos, and the relationship between dark matter hosts and substructures, are based on a high-resolution cosmological simulation, the Bolshoi simulation. We associate galaxies with dark matter halos and subhalos using subhalo abundance matching, and perform a comprehensive analysis which investigates the underlying assumptions of this technique including (1) which halo property is most closely associated with galaxy stellar masses and luminosities, (2) how much scatter is in this relationship, and (3) how much subhalos can be stripped before their galaxies are destroyed. The models are jointly constrained by new measurements of the projected two-point galaxy clustering and the observed conditional stellar mass function of galaxies in groups. We find that an abundance matching model that associates galaxies with the peak circular velocity of their halos is in good agreement with the data, when scatter of 0.20 {+-} 0.03 dex in stellar mass at a given peak velocity is included. This confirms the theoretical expectation that the stellar mass of galaxies is tightly correlated with the potential wells of their dark matter halos before they are impacted by larger structures. The data put tight constraints on the satellite fraction of galaxies as a function of galaxy stellar mass and on the scatter between halo and galaxy properties, and rule out several alternative abundance matching models that have been considered. This will yield important constraints for galaxy formation models, and also provides encouraging indications that the galaxy-halo connection can be modeled with sufficient fidelity for future precision studies of the dark universe.

Reddick, Rachel M.; Wechsler, Risa H.; Behroozi, Peter S. [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Physics Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Tinker, Jeremy L., E-mail: rmredd@stanford.edu, E-mail: rwechsler@stanford.edu [Physics Department, New York University, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Reappraising the Spite Lithium Plateau: Extremely Thin and Marginally Consistent with WMAP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The lithium abundance in 62 halo dwarfs is determined from accurate equivalent widths reported in the literature and an improved infrared flux method (IRFM) temperature scale. The Li abundance of 41 plateau stars (those with Teff > 6000 K) is found to be independent of temperature and metallicity, with a star-to-star scatter of only 0.06 dex over a broad range of temperatures (6000 K < Teff < 6800 K) and metallicities (-3.4 < [Fe/H] < -1), thus imposing stringent constraints on depletion by mixing and production by Galactic chemical evolution. We find a mean Li plateau abundance of A(Li) = 2.37 dex (7Li/H = 2.34 X 10^{-10}), which, considering errors of the order of 0.1 dex in the absolute abundance scale, is just in borderline agreement with the constraints imposed by the theory of primordial nucleosynthesis and WMAP data (2.51 < A(Li)[WMAP] < 2.66 dex).

Jorge Melendez; Ivan Ramirez

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

58

First stars VI - Abundances of C, N, O, Li, and mixing in extremely metal-poor giants. Galactic evolution of the light elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have investigated the poorly-understood origin of nitrogen in the early Galaxy by determining N abundances in 35 extremely metal-poor halo giants (22 stars have [Fe/H]N conversion through CN cycling and strong Li dilution, a signature of mixing. The second group shows no evidence for C to N conversion, and Li is only moderately diluted, and we conclude that their C and N abundances are very close to those of the gas from which they formed in the early Galaxy. These "unmixed" stars reflect the abundances in the early Galaxy: the [C/Fe] ratio is constant (about +0.2 dex) and the [C/Mg] ratio is close to solar at low metallicity, favouring a high C production by massive zero-metal supernovae. The [N/Fe] and [N/Mg] ratios scatter widely. The larger values of these ratios define a flat upper plateau ([N/Mg]= 0.0, [N/Fe]= +0.1), which could reflect higher values within a wide range of yields of zero-metal Sne II. Alternatively, by analogy with the DLA's, the lower abundances ([N/Mg]= -1.1, [N/Fe]= -0.7) could reflect generally low yields from the first Sne II, the other stars being N enhanced by winds of massive Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars. At present it cannot be decided whether primary N is produced primarily in SNe II or in massive AGB stars, or in both. The stellar N abundances and [N/O] ratios are compatible with those found in Damped Lyman-alpha (DLA) systems.

M. Spite; R. Cayrel; B. Plez; V. Hill; F. Spite; E. Depagne; P. Francois; P. Bonifacio; B. Barbuy; T. Beers; J. Andersen; P. Molaro; B. Nordstroem; F. Primas

2004-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

59

IDENTIFICATION OF A NEW RELATIVELY OLD STAR CLUSTER IN THE SMALL MAGELLANIC CLOUD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present results on the age and metallicity estimates of the astonishingly unstudied Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) cluster (ESO 51-SC09), from CCD BVI photometry obtained at the ESO NTT with the EMMI attached. ESO 51-SC09 turns out to be a relatively small cluster (FWHM = 10 {+-} 1 pc) located {approx}4 Degree-Sign northward from the galaxy center. We report for the first time a mean cluster age of 7.0 {+-} 1.3 Gyr and a mean cluster metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.00 {+-} 0.15 dex, concluding that ESO 51-SC09 belongs to the group of the oldest SMC clusters. We found that the cluster is projected onto an older (age {approx}10-13 Gyr) and more metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -1.3 {+-} 0.2 dex) dominant field stellar population, so that the cluster could have reached its current location because of its orbital motion.

Piatti, Andres E., E-mail: andres@iafe.uba.ar [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, CC 67, Suc. 28, 1428 Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

60

Parallel In Situ Indexing for Data-intensive Computing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As computing power increases exponentially, vast amount of data is created by many scientific re- search activities. However, the bandwidth for storing the data to disks and reading the data from disks has been improving at a much slower pace. These two trends produce an ever-widening data access gap. Our work brings together two distinct technologies to address this data access issue: indexing and in situ processing. From decades of database research literature, we know that indexing is an effective way to address the data access issue, particularly for accessing relatively small fraction of data records. As data sets increase in sizes, more and more analysts need to use selective data access, which makes indexing an even more important for improving data access. The challenge is that most implementations of in- dexing technology are embedded in large database management systems (DBMS), but most scientific datasets are not managed by any DBMS. In this work, we choose to include indexes with the scientific data instead of requiring the data to be loaded into a DBMS. We use compressed bitmap indexes from the FastBit software which are known to be highly effective for query-intensive workloads common to scientific data analysis. To use the indexes, we need to build them first. The index building procedure needs to access the whole data set and may also require a significant amount of compute time. In this work, we adapt the in situ processing technology to generate the indexes, thus removing the need of read- ing data from disks and to build indexes in parallel. The in situ data processing system used is ADIOS, a middleware for high-performance I/O. Our experimental results show that the indexes can improve the data access time up to 200 times depending on the fraction of data selected, and using in situ data processing system can effectively reduce the time needed to create the indexes, up to 10 times with our in situ technique when using identical parallel settings.

Kim, Jinoh; Abbasi, Hasan; Chacon, Luis; Docan, Ciprian; Klasky, Scott; Liu, Qing; Podhorszki, Norbert; Shoshani, Arie; Wu, Kesheng

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

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61

OBSERVATIONAL PROPERTIES OF THE METAL-POOR THICK DISK OF THE MILKY WAY AND INSIGHTS INTO ITS ORIGINS  

SciTech Connect

We have undertaken the study of the elemental abundances and kinematic properties of a metal-poor sample of candidate thick-disk stars selected from the Radial Velocity Experiment spectroscopic survey of bright stars to differentiate among the present scenarios of the formation of the thick disk. In this paper, we report on a sample of 214 red giant branch, 31 red clump/horizontal branch, and 74 main-sequence/sub-giant branch metal-poor stars, which serves to augment our previous sample of only giant stars. We find that the thick disk [{alpha}/Fe] ratios are enhanced and have little variation (<0.1 dex), in agreement with our previous study. The augmented sample further allows, for the first time, investigation of the gradients in the metal-poor thick disk. For stars with [Fe/H] < -1.2, the thick disk shows very small gradients, <0.03 {+-} 0.02 dex kpc{sup -1}, in {alpha}-enhancement, while we find a +0.01 {+-} 0.04 dex kpc{sup -1} radial gradient and a -0.09 {+-} 0.05 dex kpc{sup -1} vertical gradient in iron abundance. In addition, we show that the peak of the distribution of orbital eccentricities for our sample agrees better with models in which the stars that comprise the thick disk were formed primarily in the Galaxy, with direct accretion of stars contributing little. Our results thus disfavor direct accretion of stars from dwarf galaxies into the thick disk as a major contributor to the thick-disk population, but cannot discriminate between alternative models for the thick disk, such as those that invoke high-redshift (gas-rich) mergers, heating of a pre-existing thin stellar disk by a minor merger, or efficient radial migration of stars.

Ruchti, Gregory R.; Fulbright, Jon P.; Wyse, Rosemary F. G. [Bloomberg Center for Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gilmore, Gerard F. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Bienayme, Olivier; Siebert, Arnaud [Observatoire de Strasbourg, 11 Rue de L'Universite, 67000 Strasbourg (France); Bland-Hawthorn, Joss [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics A28, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Gibson, Brad K. [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute for Astrophysics and Super-computing, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); Grebel, Eva K. [Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Moenchhofstr. 12-14, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Helmi, Amina [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Munari, Ulisse [INAF Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Via dell'Osservatorio 8, Asiago I-36012 (Italy); Navarro, Julio F. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Station CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Parker, Quentin A.; Reid, Warren [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109 (Australia); Seabroke, George M. [Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Dorking RH5 6NT (United Kingdom); Siviero, Alessandro [Department of Astronomy, Padova University, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 2, Padova 35122 (Italy); Steinmetz, Matthias; Williams, Mary [Leibniz-Institut fuer Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam (Germany); Watson, Fred G. [Australian Astronomical Observatory, Coonabarabran, NSW 2357 (Australia); Zwitter, Tomaz, E-mail: gruchti@mpa-garching.mpg.de [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, University of Ljubljana, Jadranska 19, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

62

THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER SYSTEM OF NGC 4636 AND FORMATION OF GLOBULAR CLUSTERS IN GIANT ELLIPTICAL GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We present a spectroscopic analysis of the metallicities, ages, and alpha-elements of the globular clusters (GCs) in the giant elliptical galaxy (gE) NGC 4636 in the Virgo Cluster. Line indices of the GCs are measured from the integrated spectra obtained with Faint Object Camera and Spectrograph on the Subaru 8.2 m Telescope. We derive [Fe/H] values of 59 GCs based on the Brodie and Huchra method, and [Z/H], age, and [{alpha}/Fe] values of 33 GCs from the comparison of the Lick line indices with single stellar population models. The metallicity distribution of NGC 4636 GCs shows a hint of a bimodality with two peaks at [Fe/H] = -1.23({sigma} = 0.32) and -0.35({sigma} = 0.19). The age spread is large from 2 Gyr to 15 Gyr and the fraction of young GCs with age <5 Gyr is about 27%. The [{alpha}/Fe] of the GCs shows a broad distribution with a mean value [{alpha}/Fe] Almost-Equal-To 0.14 dex. The dependence of these chemical properties on the galactocentric radius is weak. We also derive the metallicities, ages, and [{alpha}/Fe] values for the GCs in other nearby gEs (M87, M49, M60, NGC 5128, NGC 1399, and NGC 1407) from the line index data in the literature using the same methods as used for NGC 4636 GCs. The metallicity distribution of GCs in the combined sample of seven gEs including NGC 4636 is found to be bimodal, supported by the KMM test with a significance level of >99.9%. All these gEs harbor some young GCs with ages less than 5 Gyr. The mean age of the metal-rich GCs ([Fe/H] >-0.9) is about 3 Gyr younger than that of the metal-poor GCs. The mean value of [{alpha}/Fe] of the gE GCs is smaller than that of the Milky Way GCs. We discuss these results in the context of GC formation in gEs.

Park, Hong Soo; Lee, Myung Gyoon [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Ho Seong [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kim, Sang Chul [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Arimoto, Nobuo; Yamada, Yoshihiko [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Tamura, Naoyuki [Kavli Institute for Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa City 277-8583 (Japan); Onodera, Masato, E-mail: hspark@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: mglee@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: hhwang@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: sckim@kasi.re.kr, E-mail: arimoto.n@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: yoshihiko.yamada@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: naoyuki.tamura@ipmu.jp, E-mail: monodera@phys.ethz.ch [Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zuerich, Wolfgang-Pauli-strasse 27, 8093 Zuerich (Switzerland)

2012-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

A COMPREHENSIVE GALEX ULTRAVIOLET CATALOG OF STAR CLUSTERS IN M31 AND A STUDY OF THE YOUNG CLUSTERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive catalog of 700 confirmed star clusters in the field of M31 compiled from three major existing catalogs. We detect 418 and 257 star clusters in Galaxy Evolution Explorer near-ultraviolet and far-ultraviolet (FUV) imaging, respectively. Our final catalog includes photometry of star clusters in up to 16 passbands ranging from FUV to NIR as well as ancillary information such as reddening, metallicity, and radial velocities. In particular, this is the most extensive and updated catalog of UV-integrated photometry for M31 star clusters. Ages and masses of star clusters are derived by fitting the multi-band photometry with model spectral energy distribution (SED); UV photometry enables more accurate age estimation of young clusters. Our catalog includes 182 young clusters with ages less than 1 Gyr. Our estimated ages and masses of young clusters are in good agreement with previously determined values in the literature. The mean age and mass of young clusters are about 300 Myr and 10{sup 4} M{sub Sun }, respectively. We found that the compiled [Fe/H] values of young clusters included in our catalog are systematically lower (by more than 1 dex) than those from recent high-quality spectroscopic data and our SED-fitting result. We confirm that most of the young clusters' kinematics shows systematic rotation around the minor axis and association with the thin disk of M31. The young cluster distribution exhibits a distinct peak in the M31 disk around 10-12 kpc from the center and follows a spatial distributions similar to other tracers of disk structure such as OB stars, UV star-forming regions, and dust. Some young clusters also show concentration around the ring splitting regions found in the southern part of the M31 disk and most of them have systematically younger (star formation ring structure in the M31 disk. Consequently, we suggest that various properties of young clusters in M31 might be in line with the scenarios that a satellite galaxy had passed through the disk of M31 less than few hundred million years ago.

Kang, Yongbeom; Rey, Soo-Chang; Lee, Kyungsook; Kim, YoungKwang [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Bianchi, Luciana [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Sohn, Sangmo Tony, E-mail: ybkang@cnu.ac.kr, E-mail: screy@cnu.ac.kr [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Metallicity Analysis of MACHO Galactic Bulge RR0 Lyrae stars from their Lightcurves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present metallicities of 2690 RR0 Lyrae stars observed toward the MACHO Survey fields in the Galactic Bulge. These [Fe/H] values are based upon an empirically calibrated relationship that uses the Fourier coefficients of the light curve and are accurate to ~0.2 dex. The majority of the RR0 Lyrae stars in our sample are located in the Galactic Bulge, but 255 RR0 stars are associated with Sagittarius dwarf galaxy. We find that the RR0 Lyrae stars that belong to the Galactic Bulge have average metallicities [Fe/H] = -1.25, with a broad metallicity range from [Fe/H] = -2.26 to -0.15. The RR0 stars from Sagittarius dwarf galaxy have lower average metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.55 \\pm 0.02, with an intrinsic dispersion of 0.25 dex, similar to that in the bulge. A correlation between metallicity and galactocentric distance is found, in a sense that for the metal-poor RR0 Lyrae stars ([Fe/H] -1.2 dex), this trend is reversed. Using mean magnitudes of MACHO RR Lyrae stars, we searched for the evidence of the Galactic bar, and found marginal evidence of a bar. The absence of a strong bar indicates that the RR Lyrae in the bulge represent a different population than the majority of the bulge stars, which are metal rich and are part of a bar.

Andrea Kunder; Brian Chaboyer

2008-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

65

Benchmark cool companions: New ages and abundances for the PZ Tel system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new ages and abundance measurements for the pre-main sequence star PZ Tel. PZ Tel was recently found to host a young and low-mass companion. Using FEROS spectra we have measured atomic abundances (e.g. Fe and Li) and chromospheric activity for PZ Tel and used these to obtain metallicity and age estimates for the companion. We find PZ Tel to be a rapidly rotating (vsini=73\\pm5km/s), ~solar metallicity star (logN(Fe)=-4.37\\pm0.06dex or [Fe/H]=0.05\\pm0.20dex) with a measured mean logR'HK of -4.12. We measure a NLTE lithium abundance of logN(Li)=3.1\\pm0.1dex, which from depletion models gives rise to an age of 7+4-2 Myrs for the system. The measured chromospheric activity returns an age of 26\\pm2Myrs, as does fitting pre-main sequence evolutionary tracks (Tau_evol=22\\pm3Myrs), both of which are in disagreement with the lithium age. We speculate on reasons for this difference and introduce new models for lithium depletion that incorporates both rotation and magnetic field affects. We also synthesize sol...

Jenkins, James S; Ivanyuk, Oleksiy; Gallardo, Jose; Jones, Matias I; Day-Jones, Avril C; Jones, Hugh R A; Ruiz, Maria-Teresa; Pinfield, David J; Yakovina, Larissa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

ABUNDANCES OF RED GIANTS IN OLD OPEN CLUSTERS. V. Be 31, Be 32, Be 39, M 67, NGC 188, AND NGC 1193  

SciTech Connect

We present a detailed abundance analysis based on high resolution spectroscopy for 16 stars in the old open clusters Be 31, Be 32, Be 39, M 67, NGC 188, and NGC 1193. Average cluster metallicities of [Fe/H] = -0.30 {+-} 0.02, -0.21 {+-} 0.01, +0.03 {+-} 0.07, +0.12 {+-} 0.02, and -0.22 {+-} 0.14 (s.d.) have been found for Be 32, Be 39, M 67, NGC 188, and NGC 1193, respectively. The two stars observed in the field of Be 31 have disparate radial velocities and elemental abundance patterns, and also disagree with the possible Be 31 star studied by Yong et al. We conclude that membership has yet to be established for this important cluster, and therefore no element abundances measured here or in previous studies of Be 31 should be taken as definitive cluster abundances. A careful comparison of our results for the clusters M 67 and Be 32 to those of other studies shows general good agreement and identifies systematic differences resulting from different analyses. After combination of our results with those of other studies for clusters spanning the full R{sub gc} range of the thin disk, we explore the abundance distributions as a function of R{sub gc} and age for the elements Fe, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, and Ni. As found in previous work, the [Fe/H] gradient appears to be continuous up to R{sub gc} {approx} 13 kpc before flattening in the outer disk. [X/Fe] ratios show a scatter of 0.2-0.3 dex at all R{sub gc}, for all elements considered. The [X/Fe] values of the six clusters analyzed here are consistent with those of other clusters of similar metallicity and Galactocentric location. Our whole cluster sample shows trends of increasing [O/Fe] and [Al/Fe] with age, although these trends vanish with the inclusion of other clusters from the literature. Larger, homogeneous open cluster samples are necessary to verify the existence and magnitude of abundance trends with age.

Friel, Eileen D. [Lowell Observatory, 1400 West Mars Hill Road, Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Jacobson, Heather R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48823 (United States); Pilachowski, Catherine A., E-mail: friel@lowell.ed, E-mail: jacob189@msu.ed, E-mail: catyp@astro.indiana.ed [Department of Astronomy, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

A comparison of ethanol and butanol as oxygenates using a direct-injection, spark-ignition (DISI) engine.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was designed to evaluate a 'what if' scenario in terms of using butanol as an oxygenate in place of ethanol in an engine calibrated for gasoline operation. No changes to the stock engine calibration were performed for this study. Combustion analysis, efficiency, and emissions of pure gasoline, 10% ethanol, and 10% butanol blends in a modern direct-injection four-cylinder spark-ignition engine were analyzed. Data were taken at engine speeds of 1000 rpm up to 4000 rpm with load varying from 0 N m (idle) to 150 N m. Relatively minor differences existed between the three fuels for the combustion characteristics such as heat release rate, 50% mass fraction burned, and coefficient of variation in indicated mean effective pressure at low and medium engine loads. However at high engine loads the reduced knock resistance of the butanol blend forced the engine control unit to retard the ignition timing substantially, compared with the gasoline baseline and, even more pronounced, compared with the ethanol blend. Brake specific volumetric fuel consumption, which represented a normalized volumetric fuel flow rate, was lowest for the gasoline baseline fuel due to the higher energy density. The 10% butanol blend had a lower volumetric fuel consumption compared with the ethanol blend, as expected, based on energy density differences. The results showed little difference in regulated emissions between 10% ethanol and 10% butanol. The ethanol blend produced the highest peak specific NO{sub x} due to the high octane rating of ethanol and effective antiknock characteristics. Overall, the ability of butanol to perform equally as well as ethanol from an emissions and combustion standpoint, with a decrease in fuel consumption, initially appears promising. Further experiments are planned to explore the full operating range of the engine and the potential benefits of higher blend ratios of butanol.

Wallner, T.; Miers, S. A.; McConnell, S. (Energy Systems)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Hamburg/ESO R-process Enhanced Star survey (HERES). I. Project description, and discovery of two stars with strong enhancements of neutron-capture elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a dedicated effort to identify and study metal-poor stars strongly enhanced in r-process elements ([r/Fe] > 1 dex; hereafter r-II stars), the Hamburg/ESO R-process Enhanced Star survey (HERES). Moderate-resolution (~2A) follow-up spectroscopy has been obtained for metal-poor giant candidates selected from the Hamburg/ESO objective-prism survey (HES) as well as the HK survey to identify sharp-lined stars with [Fe/H] HES), ``snapshot'' spectra (R~20,000; S/N~30 per pixel) are being obtained with VLT/UVES, with the main aim of finding the 2-3% r-II stars expected to be among them. These are studied in detail by means of higher resolution and higher S/N spectra. In this paper we describe a pilot study based on a set of 35 stars, including 23 from the HK survey, 8 from the HES, and 4 comparison stars. We discovered two new r-II stars, CS29497-004 ([Eu/Fe] = 1.64 +/- 0.22) and CS29491-069 ([Eu/Fe] = 1.08 +/- 0.23). A first abundance analysis of CS29497-004 yields that its abundances of Ba to Dy are on average enhanced by 1.5dex with respect to iron and the Sun and match a scaled solar r-process pattern well, while Th is underabundant relative to that pattern by 0.3dex, which we attribute to radioactive decay. That is, CS29497-004 seems not to belong to the class of r-process enhanced stars displaying an ``actinide boost'', like CS31082-001 (Hill et al. 2002), or CS30306-132 (Honda et al. 2004b). The abundance pattern agrees well with predictions of the phenomenological model of Qian & Wasserburg.

N. Christlieb; T. C. Beers; P. S. Barklem; M. Bessell; V. Hill; J. Holmberg; A. J. Korn; B. Marsteller; L. Mashonkina; Y. -Z. Qian; S. Rossi; G. J. Wasserburg; F. -J. Zickgraf; K. -L. Kratz; B. Nordstr{ö}m; B. Pfeiffer; J. Rhee; S. G. Ryan

2004-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

THE STAR FORMATION HISTORY OF M32  

SciTech Connect

We use deep Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys/High Resolution Channel observations of a field within M32 (F1) and an M31 background field (F2) to determine the star formation history (SFH) of M32 from its resolved stellar population. We find that 2-5 Gyr old stars contribute {approx}40% {+-} 17% of M32's mass, while {approx}55% {+-} 21% of M32's mass comes from stars older than 5 Gyr. The mass-weighted mean age and metallicity of M32 at F1 are (Age) = 6.8 {+-} 1.5 Gyr and ([M/H]) = -0.01 {+-} 0.08 dex. The SFH additionally indicates the presence of young (<2 Gyr old), metal-poor ([M/H] {approx} -0.7) stars, suggesting that blue straggler stars contribute {approx}2% of the mass at F1; the remaining {approx}3% of the mass is in young metal-rich stars. Line-strength indices computed from the SFH imply a light-weighted mean age and metallicity of 4.9 Gyr and [M/H] = -0.12 dex, and single stellar population-equivalent parameters of 2.9 {+-} 0.2 Gyr and [M/H] = 0.02 {+-} 0.01 dex at F1 ({approx}2.7 r{sub e} ). This contradicts spectroscopic studies that show a steep age gradient from M32's center to 1 r{sub e} . The inferred SFH of the M31 background field F2 reveals that the majority of its stars are old, with {approx}95% of its mass already acquired 5-14 Gyr ago. It is composed of two dominant populations; {approx}30% {+-} 7.5% of its mass is in a 5-8 Gyr old population, and {approx}65% {+-} 9% of the mass is in an 8-14 Gyr old population. The mass-weighted mean age and metallicity of F2 are (Age) = 9.2 {+-} 1.2 Gyr and ([M/H]) = -0.10 {+-} 0.10 dex, respectively. Our results suggest that the inner disk and spheroid populations of M31 are indistinguishable from those of the outer disk and spheroid. Assuming the mean age of M31's disk at F2 ({approx}1 disk scale length) to be {approx}5-9 Gyr, our results agree with an inside-out disk formation scenario for M31's disk.

Monachesi, Antonela; Trager, Scott C. [Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands); Lauer, Tod R.; Mighell, Kenneth J. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726 (United States); Hidalgo, Sebastian L. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, E-38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Freedman, Wendy; Dressler, Alan [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Grillmair, Carl, E-mail: antonela@umich.edu [Spitzer Science Center, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

70

Exascale Computing at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Gateway Development Storage and IO Technologies Testbeds Home R & D Exascale Computing Exascale Computing CoDEx Project: A HardwareSoftware Codesign Environment...

71

ANALYSIS OF TWO SMALL MAGELLANIC CLOUD H II REGIONS CONSIDERING THERMAL INHOMOGENEITIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE DETERMINATIONS OF EXTRAGALACTIC CHEMICAL ABUNDANCES  

SciTech Connect

We present long-slit spectrophotometry considering the presence of thermal inhomogeneities (t{sup 2}) of two H II regions in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC): NGC 456 and NGC 460. Physical conditions and chemical abundances were determined for three positions in NGC 456 and one position in NGC 460, first under the assumption of uniform temperature and then allowing for the possibility of thermal inhomogeneities. We determined t{sup 2} values based on three different methods: (1) by comparing the temperature derived using oxygen forbidden lines with the temperature derived using helium recombination lines (RLs), (2) by comparing the abundances derived from oxygen forbidden lines with those derived from oxygen RLs, and (3) by comparing the abundances derived from ultraviolet carbon forbidden lines with those derived from optical carbon RLs. The first two methods averaged t{sup 2} = 0.067 {+-} 0.013 for NGC 456 and t{sup 2} = 0.036 {+-} 0.027 for NGC 460. These values of t{sup 2} imply that when gaseous abundances are determined with collisionally excited lines they are underestimated by a factor of nearly two. From these objects and others in the literature, we find that in order to account for thermal inhomogeneities and dust depletion, the O/H ratio in low-metallicity H II regions should be corrected by 0.25-0.45 dex depending on the thermal structure of the nebula or by 0.35 dex if such information is not available.

Pena-Guerrero, Maria A.; Peimbert, Antonio; Peimbert, Manuel [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apdo. Postal 70-264, Mexico 04510 D.F. (Mexico); Ruiz, Maria Teresa, E-mail: guerrero@astroscu.unam.mx, E-mail: antonio@astroscu.unam.mx, E-mail: peimbert@astroscu.unam.mx, E-mail: mtruiz@das.uchile.cl [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla Postal 36D, Santiago de Chile (Chile)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

72

Kinetic Modeling of Toluene Oxidation for Surrogate Fuel Applications  

SciTech Connect

New environmental issues, like the effect of combustion-generated greenhouse gases, provide motivation to better characterize oxidation of hydrocarbons. Transportation, in particular, significantly contributes to energy consumption and CO{sub 2} emissions. Kinetic studies about the combustion of fuels under conditions typical of internal combustion engines provides important support to improve mechanism formulation and to eventually provide better computational tools that can be used to increase the engine performance. It is foreseeable that at least in the next 30 years the main transportation fuels will be either gasoline or diesel. Unfortunately, these fuels are very complex mixtures of many components. Moreover, their specifications and performance requirements significantly change the composition of these fuels: gasoline and diesel mixtures are different if coming from different refineries or they are different from winter to summer. At the same time a fuel with a well defined and reproducible composition is needed for both experimental and modeling work. In response to these issues, surrogate fuels are proposed. Surrogate fuels are defined as mixtures of a small number of hydrocarbons whose relative concentrations is adjusted in order to approximate the chemical and physical properties of a real fuel. Surrogate fuels are then very useful both for the design of reproducible experimental tests and also for the development of reliable kinetic models. The primary reference fuels (PRF) are a typical and old example of surrogate fuel: n-heptane and iso-octane mixtures are used to reproduce antiknock propensity of complex mixtures contained in a gasoline. PRFs are not able to surrogate gasoline in operating conditions different from standard ones and new surrogates have been recently proposed. Toluene is included in all of them as a species able to represent the behavior of aromatic compounds. On the other side, the toluene oxidation chemistry is not so well established and uncertainties still remain in the mechanism. This is especially true in the low temperature regime (< 850K). In these conditions, the toluene reactivity is too low to be conveniently investigated. Nonetheless, gasoline surrogates work in the engine at low temperatures, because of the presence of very reactive alkanes. The effect of these component interactions have to be taken into account. This work's aim is to present the model activity carried out by two different research groups, comparing the main pathways and results, matching data carried out in different devices both for pure toluene and mixtures. This is the starting point for a further activity to improve the two kinetic schemes.

Frassoldati, A; Mehl, M; Fietzek, R; Faravelli, T; Pitz, W J; Ranzi, E

2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

73

The SEGUE Stellar Parameter Pipeline. II. Validation with Galactic Globular and Open Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We validate the performance and accuracy of the current SEGUE (Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration) Stellar Parameter Pipeline (SSPP), which determines stellar atmospheric parameters (effective temperature, surface gravity, and metallicity) by comparing derived overall metallicities and radial velocities from selected likely members of three globular clusters (M 13, M 15, and M 2) and two open clusters (NGC 2420 and M 67) to the literature values. Spectroscopic and photometric data obtained during the course of the original Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I) and its first extension (SDSS-II/SEGUE) are used to determine stellar radial velocities and atmospheric parameter estimates for stars in these clusters. Based on the scatter in the metallicities derived for the members of each cluster, we quantify the typical uncertainty of the SSPP values, sigma([Fe/H]) = 0.13 dex for stars in the range of 4500 K < Teff < 7500 K and 2.0 < log g < 5.0, at least over the metallicity interval spanned by the clusters studied (-2.3 < [Fe/H] < 0). The surface gravities and effective temperatures derived by the SSPP are also compared with those estimated from the comparison of the color-magnitude diagrams with stellar evolution models; we find satisfactory agreement. At present, the SSPP underestimates [Fe/H] for near-solar-metallicity stars, represented by members of M 67 in this study, by about 0.3 dex.

Y. S. Lee; T. C. Beers; T. Sivarani; J. A. Johnson; D. An; R. Wilhelm; C. Allende Prieto; L. Koesterke; P. Re Fiorentin; C. A. L. Bailer-Jones; J. E. Norris; B. Yanny; C. M. Rockosi; H. J. Newberg; K. M. Cudworth; K. Pan

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

The SEGUE Stellar Parameter Pipeline. III. Comparison with High-Resolution Spectroscopy of SDSS/SEGUE Field Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report high-resolution spectroscopy of 125 field stars previously observed as part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and its program for Galactic studies, the Sloan Extension for Galactic Understanding and Exploration (SEGUE). These spectra are used to measure radial velocities and to derive atmospheric parameters, which we compare with those reported by the SEGUE Stellar Parameter Pipeline (SSPP). The SSPP obtains estimates of these quantities based on SDSS ugriz photometry and low-resolution (R = 2000) spectroscopy. For F- and G-type stars observed with high signal-to-noise ratios (S/N), we empirically determine the typical random uncertainties in the radial velocities, effective temperatures, surface gravities, and metallicities delivered by the SSPP to be 2.4 km/s, 130 K (2.2%), 0.21 dex, and 0.11 dex, respectively, with systematic uncertainties of a similar magnitude in the effective temperatures and metallicities. We estimate random errors for lower S/N spectra based on numerical simulations.

C. Allende Prieto; T. Sivarani; T. C. Beers; Y. S. Lee; L. Koesterke; M. Shetrone; C. Sneden; D. L. Lambert; R. Wilhelm; C. M. Rockosi; D. Lai; B. Yanny; I. I. Ivans; J. A. Johnson; W. Aoki; C. A. L. Bailer-Jones; P. Re Fiorentin

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

75

Early UV/Optical Emission of The Type Ib SN 2008D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an alternative explanation for the post-breakout emission of SN 2008D associated with the X-ray transient 080109. Observations of this object show a very small contrast of 0.35 dex between the light-curve minimum occurring soon after the breakout, and the main luminosity peak that is due to radioactive heating of the ejecta. Hydrodynamical models show that the cooling of a shocked Wolf-Rayet star leads to a much greater difference (> 0.9 dex). Our proposed scenario is that of a jet produced during the explosion which deposits 56Ni-rich material in the outer layers of the ejecta. The presence of high-velocity radioactive material allows us to reproduce the complete luminosity evolution of the object. Without outer 56Ni it could be possible to reproduce the early emission purely from cooling of the shocked envelope by assuming a larger progenitor than a Wolf-Rayet star, but that would require an initial density structure significantly different from what is predicted by stellar evolution models. Anal...

Bersten, Melina C; Tominaga, Nozomu; Benvenuto, Omar G; Nomoto, Ken'ichi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The Milky Way Tomography with SDSS. 2. Stellar Metallicity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to optical photometry of unprecedented quality, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) is producing a massive spectroscopic database which already contains over 280,000 stellar spectra. Using effective temperature and metallicity derived from SDSS spectra for {approx}60,000 F and G type main sequence stars (0.2 < g-r < 0.6), we develop polynomial models, reminiscent of traditional methods based on the UBV photometry, for estimating these parameters from the SDSS u-g and g-r colors. These estimators reproduce SDSS spectroscopic parameters with a root-mean-square scatter of 100 K for effective temperature, and 0.2 dex for metallicity (limited by photometric errors), which are similar to random and systematic uncertainties in spectroscopic determinations. We apply this method to a photometric catalog of coadded SDSS observations and study the photometric metallicity distribution of {approx}200,000 F and G type stars observed in 300 deg{sup 2} of high Galactic latitude sky. These deeper (g < 20.5) and photometrically precise ({approx}0.01 mag) coadded data enable an accurate measurement of the unbiased metallicity distribution for a complete volume-limited sample of stars at distances between 500 pc and 8 kpc. The metallicity distribution can be exquisitely modeled using two components with a spatially varying number ratio, that correspond to disk and halo. The best-fit number ratio of the two components is consistent with that implied by the decomposition of stellar counts profiles into exponential disk and power-law halo components by Juric et al. (2008). The two components also possess the kinematics expected for disk and halo stars. The metallicity of the halo component can be modeled as a spatially invariant Gaussian distribution with a mean of [Fe/H] = -1.46 and a standard deviation of {approx}0.3 dex. The disk metallicity distribution is non-Gaussian, with a remarkably small scatter (rms {approx}0.16 dex) and the median smoothly decreasing with distance from the plane from -0.6 at 500 pc to -0.8 beyond several kpc. Similarly, we find using proper motion measurements that a non-Gaussian rotational velocity distribution of disk stars shifts by {approx}50 km/s as the distance from the plane increases from 500 pc to several kpc. Despite this similarity, the metallicity and rotational velocity distributions of disk stars are not correlated (Kendall's {tau} = 0.017 {+-} 0.018). This absence of a correlation between metallicity and kinematics for disk stars is in a conflict with the traditional decomposition in terms of thin and thick disks, which predicts a strong correlation ({tau} = ?0.30 {+-} 0.04) at {approx}1 kpc from the mid-plane. Instead, the variation of the metallicity and rotational velocity distributions can be modeled using non-Gaussian functions that retain their shapes and only shift as the distance from the mid-plane increases. We also study the metallicity distribution using a shallower (g < 19.5) but much larger sample of close to three million stars in 8500 sq. deg. of sky included in SDSS Data Release 6. The large sky coverage enables the detection of coherent substructures in the kinematics-metallicity space, such as the Monoceros stream, which rotates faster than the LSR, and has a median metallicity of [Fe/H] = ?0.95, with an rms scatter of only {approx}0.15 dex. We extrapolate our results to the performance expected from the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and estimate that the LSST will obtain metallicity measurements accurate to 0.2 dex or better, with proper motion measurements accurate to {approx}0.2-0.5 mas/yr, for about 200 million F/G dwarf stars within a distance limit of {approx}100 kpc (g < 23.5).

Ivezic, Zeljko; /Washington U., Seattle; Sesar, Branimir; /Washington U., Seattle; Juric, Mario; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study; Bond, Nicholas; /Princeton U.; Dalcanton, Julianne; /Washington U., Seattle; Rockosi, Constance M.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Yanny, Brian; /Fermilab; Newberg, Heidi J.; /Rensselaer Poly.; Beers, Timothy C.; /Michigan State U.; Prieto, Carlos Allende; /Texas U.; Wilhelm, Ron; /Texas Tech. /Michigan State U.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Using Cepheids to determine the galactic abundance gradient I. The solar neighbourhood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of studies of abundance gradients in the galactic disk have been performed in recent years. The results obtained are rather disparate: from no detectable gradient to a rather significant slope of about -0.1 dex kpc -1. The present study concerns the abundance gradient based on the spectroscopic analysis of a sample of classical Cepheids. These stars enable one to obtain reliable abundances of a variety of chemical elements. Additionally, they have well determined distances which allow an accurate determination of abundance distributions in the galactic disc. Using 236 high resolution spectra of 77 galactic Cepheids, the radial elemental distribution in the galactic disc between galactocentric distances in the range 6-11 kpc has been investigated. Gradients for 25 chemical elements (from carbon to gadolinium) are derived...

S. M. Andrievsky; V. V. Kovtyukh; R. E. Luck; J. R. D. Lepine; D. Bersier; W. J. Maciel; B. Barbuy; V. G. Klochkova; V. E. Panchuk; R. U. Karpischek

2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

78

METALLICITY GRADIENTS OF THICK DISK DWARF STARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the metallicity distribution of the Galactic thick disk using F, G, and K dwarf stars selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Data Release 8. Using the large sample of dwarf stars with proper motions and spectroscopically determined stellar parameters, metallicity gradients in the radial direction for various heights above the Galactic plane and in the vertical direction for various radial distances from the Galaxy center have been found. In particular, we find a vertical metallicity gradient of -0.113 {+-} 0.010 (-0.125 {+-} 0.008) dex kpc{sup -1} using an isochrone (photometric) distance determination in the range 1 kpc solar neighborhood. Metallicity gradients in the thin and thick disks are important probes into possible formation scenarios for our Galaxy and a consistent picture is beginning to emerge from results using large spectroscopic surveys, such as the ones presented here.

Carrell, Kenneth; Chen Yuqin; Zhao Gang, E-mail: carrell@nao.cas.cn [Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Unprecedented accurate abundances: signatures of other Earths?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For more than 140 years the chemical composition of our Sun has been considered typical of solar-type stars. Our highly differential elemental abundance analysis of unprecedented accuracy (~0.01 dex) of the Sun relative to solar twins, shows that the Sun has a peculiar chemical composition with a ~20% depletion of refractory elements relative to the volatile elements in comparison with solar twins. The abundance differences correlate strongly with the condensation temperatures of the elements. A similar study of solar analogs from planet surveys shows that this peculiarity also holds in comparisons with solar analogs known to have close-in giant planets while the majority of solar analogs without detected giant planets show the solar abundance pattern. The peculiarities in the solar chemical composition can be explained as signatures of the formation of terrestrial planets like our own Earth.

Melendez, J; Gustafsson, B; Yong, D; Ramírez, I

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The chemical abundance of the very metal rich old Open Clusters NGC 6253 and NGC 6791  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of a project aiming at deriving in a homogeneous way the properties (age, distance, reddening and detailed chemical abundances) of a large sample of old open clusters, we present here the metal abundance and the abundance ratios of light (C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti) and heavier (Cr, Mn, Ni, Ba, Eu) elements in the galactic open clusters NGC 6253 and NGC 6791. We performed spectrum synthesis of selected lines on high resolution spectra of four red clump stars in NGC 6253, taken with the UVES and FEROS spectrographs. We also determined abundances of the same elements for four red clump stars in NGC 6791, observed with SARG, for which we had derived the atmospheric parameters and the iron, carbon and oxygen abundances in a previous paper (Gratton et al. 2006). The average metallicity of NGC 6253 is [Fe/H]=+0.46 (rms = 0.03 dex, systematic error = 0.08 dex), obtained by extensive spectral synthesis of Fe lines. This intermediate age cluster closely resembles the old open cluster NGC 6791, as far as the chemical composition is concerned. C, N, O do not show any significant abundance scatter; they are underabundant with respect to the solar values both in NGC 6253 and NGC 6791. We also find no evident star-to-star scatter in any of the elements measured in both clusters, with the possible exception of Na in NGC 6791. The two clusters show very similar abundances, except for Mg, overabundant in NGC 6791 and not in NGC 6253. Both have solar scaled alpha-elements abundances. We have compared our abundance ratios with literature values for disk giants and dwarfs and bulge giants, finding a general good agreement with the run of elemental ratios with [Fe/H] of disk objects.

Eugenio Carretta; Angela Bragaglia; Raffaele Gratton

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

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81

FAR-INFRARED PROPERTIES OF TYPE 1 QUASARS  

SciTech Connect

We use the Spitzer Space Telescope Enhanced Imaging Products and the Spitzer Archival Far-InfraRed Extragalactic Survey to study the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of spectroscopically confirmed type 1 quasars selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). By combining the Spitzer and SDSS data with the Two Micron All Sky Survey, we are able to construct a statistically robust rest-frame 0.1-100 {mu}m type 1 quasar template. We find that the quasar population is well-described by a single power-law SED at wavelengths less than 20 {mu}m, in good agreement with previous work. However, at longer wavelengths, we find a significant excess in infrared luminosity above an extrapolated power-law, along with significant object-to-object dispersion in the SED. The mean excess reaches a maximum of 0.8 dex at rest-frame wavelengths near 100 {mu}m.

Hanish, D. J.; Teplitz, H. I.; Capak, P.; Desai, V.; Armus, L.; Brinkworth, C.; Brooke, T.; Colbert, J.; Fadda, D.; Noriega-Crespo, A.; Paladini, R. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, MC 220-6, 1200 E California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Frayer, D. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Green Bank, WV 24944 (United States); Huynh, M. [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research, M468, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Lacy, M. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Murphy, E. [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Scarlata, C. [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Shenoy, S., E-mail: hanish@ipac.caltech.edu [Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, M/S 245-6, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

GLOBULAR CLUSTER ABUNDANCES FROM HIGH-RESOLUTION, INTEGRATED-LIGHT SPECTROSCOPY. III. THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD: Fe AND AGES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we refine our method for the abundance analysis of high-resolution spectroscopy of the integrated light of unresolved globular clusters (GCs). This method was previously demonstrated for the analysis of old (>10 Gyr) Milky Way (MW) GCs. Here, we extend the technique to young clusters using a training set of nine GCs in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Depending on the signal-to-noise ratio of the data, we use 20-100 Fe lines per cluster to successfully constrain the ages of old clusters to within a {approx}5 Gyr range, the ages of {approx}2 Gyr clusters to a 1-2 Gyr range, and the ages of the youngest clusters (0.05-1 Gyr) to a {approx}200 Myr range. We also demonstrate that we can measure [Fe/H] in clusters with any age less than 12 Gyr with similar or only slightly larger uncertainties (0.1-0.25 dex) than those obtained for old MW GCs (0.1 dex); the slightly larger uncertainties are due to the rapid evolution in stellar populations at these ages. In this paper, we present only Fe abundances and ages. In the next paper in this series, we present our complete analysis of {approx}20 elements for which we are able to measure abundances. For several of the clusters in this sample, there are no high-resolution abundances in the literature from individual member stars; our results are the first detailed chemical abundances available. The spectra used in this paper were obtained at Las Campanas with the echelle on the du Pont Telescope and with the MIKE spectrograph on the Magellan Clay Telescope.

Colucci, Janet E.; Bernstein, Rebecca A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1156 High Street, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Cameron, Scott A. [Astronomy Department, 500 Church Street, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1090 (United States); McWilliam, Andrew, E-mail: jcolucci@ucolick.org, E-mail: rab@ucolick.org, E-mail: sacamero@umich.edu, E-mail: andy@ociw.edu [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101-1292 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Condensation temperature trends among stars with planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from detailed spectroscopic analyses of stars hosting massive planets are employed to search for trends between abundances and condensation temperatures. The elements C, S, Na, Mg, Al, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni and Zn are included in the analysis of 64 stars with planets and 33 comparison stars. No significant trends are evident in the data. This null result suggests that accretion of rocky material onto the photospheres of stars with planets is not the primary explanation for their high metallicities. However, the differences between the solar photospheric and meteoritic abundances do display a weak but significant trend with condensation temperature. This suggests that the metallicity of the sun's envelope has been enriched relative to its interior by about 0.07 dex.

Guillermo Gonzalez

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

84

Estimation of stellar atmospheric parameters from SDSS/SEGUE spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present techniques for the estimation of stellar atmospheric parameters (Teff,logg,[Fe/H]) for stars from the SDSS/SEGUE survey. The atmospheric parameters are derived from the observed medium-resolution (R=2000) stellar spectra using non-linear regression models trained either on (1) pre-classified observed data or (2) synthetic stellar spectra. In the first case we use our models to automate and generalize parametrization produced by a preliminary version of the SDSS/SEGUE Spectroscopic Parameter Pipeline (SSPP). In the second case we directly model the mapping between synthetic spectra (derived from Kurucz model atmospheres) and the atmospheric parameters, independently of any intermediate estimates. After training, we apply our models to various samples of SDSS spectra to derive atmospheric parameters, and compare our results with those obtained previously by the SSPP for the same samples. We obtain consistency between the two approaches, with RMS deviations of 150K in Teff, 0.35dex in logg, and 0.22dex in [Fe/H]. The models are applied to pre-processed spectra, either via Principal Components Analysis or a Wavelength Range Selection method, which employs a subset of the full 3850-9000A spectral range. This is both for computational reasons, and because it delivers higher accuracy. From an analysis of cluster candidates with available SDSS spectroscopy (M15, M13, M2, and NGC2420), we find evidence for small systematic offsets in Teff and/or logg for the atmospheric parameter estimates from the model trained on real data with the SSPP. Thus, this model turns out to derive more precise, but less accurate, atmospheric parameters than the model trained on synthetic data.

P. Re Fiorentin; C. A. L. Bailer-Jones; Y. S. Lee; T. C. Beers; T. Sivarani; R. Wilhelm; C. Allende Prieto; J. E. Norris

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

85

A NEW SYNTHETIC LIBRARY OF THE NEAR-INFRARED Ca II TRIPLET INDICES. I. INDEX DEFINITION, CALIBRATION, AND RELATIONS WITH STELLAR ATMOSPHERIC PARAMETERS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adopting the SPECTRUM package, which is a stellar spectral synthesis program, we have synthesized a comprehensive set of 2890 near-infrared (NIR) synthetic spectra with a resolution and wavelength sampling similar to the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and the forthcoming Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) spectra. During the synthesis, we applied the 'New grids of ATLAS9 Model Atmosphere' to develop a grid of local thermodynamic equilibrium model atmospheres for effective temperatures (T{sub eff}) ranging from 3500 to 7500 K, for surface gravities (log g) from 0.5 to 5.0 dex, for metallicities ([Fe/H]) from -4.0 to 0.5 dex, and for solar ([{alpha}/Fe] = 0.0 dex) and non-solar ([{alpha}/Fe] = +0.4 dex) abundances. This synthetic stellar library is composed of 1350 solar scaled abundance (SSA) and 1530 non-solar scaled abundance (NSSA) spectra, grounding on which we have defined a new set of NIR Ca II triplet indices and an index CaT as the sum of the three. These defined indices were automatically measured on every spectrum of the synthetic stellar library and calibrated with the indices computed on the observational spectra from the INDO-U.S. stellar library. In order to check the effect of {alpha}-element enhancement on the so-defined Ca II indices, we compared indices measured on the SSA spectra with those on the NSSA ones at the same trine of stellar parameters (T{sub eff}, log g, [Fe/H]); luckily, little influences of {alpha}-element enhancement were found. Furthermore, comparisons of our synthetic indices with the observational ones from measurements on the INDO-U.S. stellar library, the SDSS-DR7 and SDSS-DR8 spectroscopic survey are presented, respectively, for dwarfs and giants in specific. For dwarfs, our synthetic indices could well reproduce the behaviors of the observational indices versus stellar parameters, which verifies the validity of our index definitions for dwarfs. For giants, the consistency between our synthetic indices and the observational ones does not appear to be as good. However, a new synthetic library of NIR Ca II indices has been founded for deeper studies on the NIR wave band of stellar spectra, and this library is particularly appropriate for the SDSS and the forthcoming LAMOST stellar spectra. We have regressed the strength of the CaT index as a function of stellar parameters for both dwarfs and giants after a series of experimental investigations into relations of the indices with stellar parameters. For dwarfs, log g has little effect on the indices, while [Fe/H] and T{sub eff} play a role together. The leading factor is probably [Fe/H], which changes the strength of the indices by a positive trend. For giants, log g starts to influence the strength of the indices by a negative trend for the metal-poor, and even impact deeply for the metal-rich; besides, [Fe/H] and T{sub eff} still matter. In addition, we briefly discussed the major differences between our Ca II triplet indices and the CaHK doublet indices. Ultimately, a supplemental experiment was carried out to show that spectral noises do have effects on our set of NIR Ca II indices. However, the influence is not weak enough to be ignored if the signal-to-noise ratio falls below 20.

Du, W.; Luo, A. L.; Zhao, Y. H., E-mail: wdu@nao.cas.cn, E-mail: lal@nao.cas.cn [National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

THE STAR FORMATION MASS SEQUENCE OUT TO z = 2.5  

SciTech Connect

We study the star formation rate (SFR)-stellar mass (M{sub *}) relation in a self-consistent manner from 0 < z < 2.5 with 22,816 star-forming galaxies selected from the NEWFIRM Medium-Band Survey. We find a significant nonlinear slope of the relation, SFR{proportional_to}M {sup 0.6}{sub *}, and a constant observed scatter of 0.34 dex, independent of redshift and M{sub *}. However, if we select only blue galaxies we find a linear relation SFR{proportional_to}M{sub *}, similar to previous results at z = 0 by Peng et al. This selection excludes red, dusty, star-forming galaxies with higher masses, which brings down the slope. By selecting on L{sub IR}/L{sub UV} (a proxy for dust obscuration) and the rest-frame U - V colors, we show that star-forming galaxies fall in three distinct regions of the log(SFR)-log(M{sub *}) plane: (1) actively star-forming galaxies with 'normal' dust obscuration and associated colors (54% for log (M{sub *}) > 10 at 1 < z < 1.5), (2) red star-forming galaxies with low levels of dust obscuration and low-specific SFRs (11%), and (3) dusty, blue star-forming galaxies with high-specific SFRs (7%). The remaining 28% comprises quiescent galaxies. Galaxies on the 'normal' star formation sequence show strong trends of increasing dust attenuation with stellar mass and a decreasing specific SFR, with an observed scatter of 0.25 dex. The dusty, blue galaxies reside in the upper envelope of the star formation sequence with remarkably similar spectral shapes at all masses, suggesting that the same physical process is dominating the stellar light. The red, low-dust star-forming galaxies may be in the process of shutting off and migrating to the quiescent population.

Whitaker, Katherine E.; Van Dokkum, Pieter G. [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Brammer, Gabriel [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago (Chile); Franx, Marijn, E-mail: katherine.whitaker@yale.edu [Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden University, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lithium Depletion of Nearby Young Stellar Associations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate cluster ages from lithium depletion in five pre-main-sequence groups found within 100 pc of the Sun: TW Hydrae Association, Eta Chamaeleontis Cluster, Beta Pictoris Moving Group, Tucanae-Horologium Association and AB Doradus Moving Group. We determine surface gravities, effective temperatures and lithium abundances for over 900 spectra through least squares fitting to model-atmosphere spectra. For each group, we compare the dependence of lithium abundance on temperature with isochrones from pre-main-sequence evolutionary tracks to obtain model dependent ages. We find that the Eta Chamaelontis Cluster and the TW Hydrae Association are the youngest, with ages of 12+/-6 Myr and 12+/-8 Myr, respectively, followed by the Beta Pictoris Moving Group at 21+/-9 Myr, the Tucanae-Horologium Association at 27+/-11 Myr, and the AB Doradus Moving Group at an age of at least 45 Myr (where we can only set a lower limit since the models -- unlike real stars -- do not show much lithium depletion beyond this age). Here, the ordering is robust, but the precise ages depend on our choice of both atmospheric and evolutionary models. As a result, while our ages are consistent with estimates based on Hertzsprung-Russell isochrone fitting and dynamical expansion, they are not yet more precise. Our observations do show that with improved models, much stronger constraints should be feasible: the intrinsic uncertainties, as measured from the scatter between measurements from different spectra of the same star, are very low: around 10 K in effective temperature, 0.05 dex in surface gravity, and 0.03 dex in lithium abundance.

Erin Mentuch; Alexis Brandeker; Marten H. van Kerkwijk; Ray Jayawardhana; Peter H. Hauschildt

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

88

The Milky Way Tomography with SDSS: II. Stellar Metallicity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using effective temperature and metallicity derived from SDSS spectra for ~60,000 F and G type main sequence stars (0.2in a conflict with the traditional decomposition in terms of thin and thick disks. We detect coherent substructures in the kinematics--metallicity space, such as the Monoceros stream, which rotates faster than the LSR, and has a median metallicity of [Fe/H]=-0.96, with an rms scatter of only ~0.15 dex. We extrapolate our results to the performance expected from the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and estimate that the LSST will obtain metallicity measurements accurate to 0.2 dex or better, with proper motion measurements accurate to ~0.2 mas/yr, for about 200 million F/G dwarf stars within a distance limit of ~100 kpc (g<23.5). [abridged

Zeljko Ivezic; Branimir Sesar; Mario Juric; Nicholas Bond; Julianne Dalcanton; Constance M. Rockosi; Brian Yanny; Heidi J. Newberg; Timothy C. Beers; Carlos Allende Prieto; Ron Wilhelm; Young Sun Lee; Thirupathi Sivarani; John E. Norris; Coryn A. L. Bailer-Jones; Paola Re Fiorentin; David Schlegel; Alan Uomoto; Robert H. Lupton; Gillian R. Knapp; James E. Gunn; Kevin R. Covey; J. Allyn Smith; Gajus Miknaitis; Mamoru Doi; Masayuki Tanaka; Masataka Fukugita; Steve Kent; Douglas Finkbeiner; Jeffrey A. Munn; Jeffrey R. Pier; Tom Quinn; Suzanne Hawley; Scott Anderson; Furea Kiuchi; Alex Chen; James Bushong; Harkirat Sohi; Daryl Haggard; Amy Kimball; John Barentine; Howard Brewington; Mike Harvanek; Scott Kleinman; Jurek Krzesinski; Dan Long; Atsuko Nitta; Stephanie Snedden; Brian Lee; Hugh Harris; Jonathan Brinkmann; Donald P. Schneider; Donald G. York

2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

89

STELLAR KINEMATICS OF THE ANDROMEDA II DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present kinematical profiles and metallicity for the M31 dwarf spheroidal (dSph) satellite galaxy Andromeda II (And II) based on Keck DEIMOS spectroscopy of 531 red giant branch stars. Our kinematical sample is among the largest for any M31 satellite and extends out to two effective radii (r {sub eff} = 5.'3 = 1.1 kpc). We find a mean systemic velocity of -192.4 {+-} 0.5 km s{sup -1} and an average velocity dispersion of {sigma} {sub v} = 7.8 {+-} 1.1 km s{sup -1}. While the rotation velocity along the major axis of And II is nearly zero (<1 km s{sup -1}), the rotation along the minor axis is significant with a maximum rotational velocity of v {sub max} = 8.6 {+-} 1.8 km s{sup -1}. We find a kinematical major axis, with a maximum rotational velocity of v {sub max} = 10.9 {+-} 2.4 km s{sup -1}, misaligned by 67 Degree-Sign to the isophotal major axis. And II is thus the first dwarf galaxy with evidence for nearly prolate rotation with a v {sub max}/{sigma} {sub v} = 1.1, although given its ellipticity of {epsilon} = 0.10, this object may be triaxial. We measured metallicities for a subsample of our data, finding a mean metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.39 {+-} 0.03 dex and an internal metallicity dispersion of 0.72 {+-} 0.03 dex. We find a radial metallicity gradient with metal-rich stars more centrally concentrated, but do not observe a significant difference in the dynamics of the two metallicity populations. And II is the only known dwarf galaxy to show minor axis rotation, making it a unique system whose existence offers important clues on the processes responsible for the formation of dSphs.

Ho, Nhung; Geha, M.; Tollerud, E. [Astronomy Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Munoz, R. R. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Guhathakurta, P. [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Kalirai, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Gilbert, K. M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Bullock, J. [Center for Cosmology, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Beaton, R. L.; Majewski, S. R., E-mail: ngocnhung.ho@yale.edu, E-mail: marla.geha@yale.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 3818, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

The anti-FPU problem Thierry Dauxois  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'Italie, 69364 Lyon Cédex 07, France Ramaz Khomeriki Tbilisi State University, Department of Physics, 3 Chavchavadze Avenue, Tbilisi 128, Republic of Georgia Francesco Piazza Laboratoire de Biophysique Statistique

Dauxois, Thierry

91

Tag der Chemie Technische Universitt Berlin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tag der Chemie Technische Universität Berlin www.tdc-bb.de 27. 28.06.2012 Lichthof der Technischen Wirkung ­ Mit ,,Nichts" zum Chemie-Prof. 13.45 Uhr Postervorträge 14.45 Uhr Kaffeepause / Postersession 15.20 Uhr Präsentationen DexLeChem DexLeChem ­ ein universitäres Spin-Off des Instituts der Chemie der

Nabben, Reinhard

92

Header Sheet Doc ID Z OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY M. E. Murray  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Dames & Moore Dames & Moore Header Sheet Doc ID Z OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY M. E. Murray MANAGED BY LOCKHEED MARTIN rNERGY RESEARCH CORPORATION PHONE: (423) 574-5838 FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY FAX: (423) POST OFFICE Box 2 INTERNET: r'0 March 31, 1997 Mr. Andrew Meloy DuPont Environmental Remediation Services DuPont Chambers Works Route 130, Anti-Knocks Building G Deepwater, New Jersey 08023 Dear Mr. Meloy: Radiological Sampling Requirements for the B Ditch Remediation Project, DuPont Chamber Works Site, Deepwater, New Jersey During the week of March 10, staff members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Life Sciences Division, made surface radiation measurcments along the B ditch from 6+00' to the 11+00' markers. These measurements were performed to better define the subsurface

93

THE AGE-METALLICITY RELATIONSHIP OF THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD FIELD STAR POPULATION FROM WIDE-FIELD WASHINGTON PHOTOMETRY  

SciTech Connect

We analyze age and metallicity estimates for an unprecedented database of some 5.5 million stars distributed throughout the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) main body, obtained from CCD Washington CT{sub 1} photometry, reported on in Piatti et al. We produce a comprehensive field star age-metallicity relationship (AMR) from the earliest epoch until {approx}1 Gyr ago. This AMR reveals that the LMC has not evolved chemically as either a closed-box or bursting system, exclusively, but as a combination of both scenarios that have varied in relative strength over the lifetime of the galaxy, although the bursting model falls closer to the data in general. Furthermore, while old and metal-poor field stars have been preferentially formed in the outer disk, younger and more metal-rich stars have mostly been formed in the inner disk, confirming an outside-in formation. We provide evidence for the formation of stars between 5 and 12 Gyr, during the cluster age gap, although chemical enrichment during this period was minimal. We find no significant metallicity gradient in the LMC. We also find that the range in the metallicity of an LMC field has varied during the lifetime of the LMC. In particular, we find only a small range of the metal abundance in the outer disk fields, whereas an average range of {Delta}[Fe/H] = +0.3 {+-} 0.1 dex appears in the inner disk fields. Finally, the cluster and field AMRs show a satisfactory match only for the last 3 Gyr, while for the oldest ages (>11 Gyr), the cluster AMR is a remarkable lower envelope to the field AMR. Such a difference may be due to the very rapid early chemical evolution and lack of observed field stars in this regime, whereas the globular clusters are easily studied. This large difference is not easy to explain as coming from stripped ancient Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) clusters, although the field SMC AMR is on average {approx}0.4 dex more metal-poor at all ages than that of the LMC but otherwise very similar.

Piatti, Andres E. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, CC 67, Suc. 28, 1428 Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Geisler, Doug, E-mail: andres@iafe.uba.ar [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

A WASHINGTON PHOTOMETRIC SURVEY OF THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD FIELD STAR POPULATION  

SciTech Connect

We present photometry for an unprecedented database of some 5.5 million stars distributed throughout the Large Magellanic Cloud main body, from 21 fields covering a total area of 7.6 deg{sup 2}, obtained from Washington CT{sub 1} T{sub 2} CTIO 4 m MOSAIC data. Extensive artificial star tests over the whole mosaic image data set and the observed behavior of the photometric errors with magnitude demonstrate the accuracy of the morphology and clearly delineate the position of the main features in the color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs). The representative T{sub 1}(MS TO) mags are on average {approx}0.5 mag brighter than the T{sub 1} mags for the 100% completeness level of the respective field, allowing us to derive an accurate age estimate. We have analyzed the CMD Hess diagrams and used the peaks in star counts at the main sequence turnoff and red clump (RC) locations to age date the most dominant sub-population (or 'representative' population) in the stellar population mix. The metallicity of this representative population is estimated from the locus of the most populous red giant branch track. We use these results to derive age and metallicity estimates for all of our fields. The analyzed fields span age and metallicity ranges covering most of the galaxy's lifetime and chemical enrichment, i.e., ages and metallicities between {approx}1 and 13 Gyr and {approx}-0.2 and -1.2 dex, respectively. We show that the dispersions associated with the mean ages and metallicities represent in general a satisfactory estimate of the age/metallicity spread ({approx}1-3 Gyr/0.2-0.3 dex), although a few subfields have a slightly larger age/metallicity spread. Finally, we revisit the study of the vertical structure (VS) phenomenon, a striking feature composed of stars that extend from the bottom, bluest end of the RC to {approx}0.45 mag fainter. We confirm that the VS phenomenon is not clearly seen in most of the studied fields and suggest that its occurrence is linked to some other condition(s) in addition to the appropriate age, metallicity, and the necessary red giant star density.

Piatti, Andres E. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, CC 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Geisler, Doug; Mateluna, Renee, E-mail: andres@iafe.uba.ar [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Measuring the Dark Matter Halo Mass of X-ray AGN at z~1 using photometric redshifts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data from the AEGIS, COSMOS and ECDFS surveys are combined to infer the bias and dark matter halo mass of moderate luminosity [LX(2-10 keV) = 42.9 erg s-1] X-ray AGN at z~1 via their cross-correlation function with galaxies. In contrast to standard cross-correlation function estimators, we present a method that requires spectroscopy only for the AGN and uses photometric redshift probability distribution functions for galaxies to determine the projected real-space AGN/galaxy cross-correlation function. The estimated dark matter halo mass of X-ray AGN in the combined AEGIS, COSMOS and ECDFS fields is ~13h-1M_solar, in agreement with previous studies at similar redshift and luminosity ranges. Removing from the sample the 5 per cent of the AGN associated with X-ray selected groups results in a reduction by about 0.5 dex in the inferred AGN dark matter halo mass. The distribution of AGN in dark matter halo mass is therefore skewed and the bulk of the population lives in moderate mass haloes. This result favour col...

Mountrichas, G; Finoguenov, A; Erfanianfar, G; Cooper, M C; Coil, A L; Laird, E S; Nandra, K; Newman, J A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

The Primordial Abundance of $^6$Li and $^9$be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light element ($^6$Li, $^7$Li and $^9$Be) depletion isochrones for halo stars have been calculated with standard stellar evolution models. These models include the latest available opacities and are computed through the sub-giant branch. If $^6$Li is not produced in appreciable amounts by stellar flares, then the detection of $^6$Li in HD 84937 by Smith, Lambert \\& Nissen (1993) is compatible with standard stellar evolution and standard big bang nucleosynthesis only if HD 84937 is a sub-giant. The present parallax is inconsistent with HD 84937 being a sub-giant star at the $2.5\\, \\sigma$ level. The most metal poor star with a measured $^9$Be abundance is HD 140283, which is a relatively cool sub-giant. Standard stellar evolution predict that $^9$Be will have been depleted in this star by $\\sim 0.3$ dex (for ${\\rm T_{eff}} = 5640$ K). Revising the abundance upward changes the oxygen-beryllium relation, suggesting incompatible with standard comic ray production models, and hence, standard big bang nucleosynthesis. However, an increase in the derived temperature of HD 140283 to 5740 K would result in no depletion of $^9$Be and agreement with standard big bang nucleosynthesis.

Brian Chaboyer

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

97

Carbon and Strontium Abundances of Metal-Poor Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present carbon and strontium abundances for 100 metal-poor stars measured from R$\\sim $7000 spectra obtained with the Echellette Spectrograph and Imager at the Keck Observatory. Using spectral synthesis of the G-band region, we have derived carbon abundances for stars ranging from [Fe/H]$=-1.3$ to [Fe/H]$=-3.8$. The formal errors are $\\sim 0.2$ dex in [C/Fe]. The strontium abundance in these stars was measured using spectral synthesis of the resonance line at 4215 {\\AA}. Using these two abundance measurments along with the barium abundances from our previous study of these stars, we show it is possible to identify neutron-capture-rich stars with our spectra. We find, as in other studies, a large scatter in [C/Fe] below [Fe/H]$ = -2$. Of the stars with [Fe/H]$carbon-rich metal-poor stars. The Sr and Ba abundances show that three of the carbon-rich stars are neutron-capture-rich, while two have normal Ba and Sr. This fraction of carbon enhanced stars is consistent with other studies that include this metallicity range.

David K. Lai; Jennifer A. Johnson; Michael Bolte; Sara Lucatello

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

The Geneva-Copenhagen Survey of the Solar neighbourhood II. New uvby calibrations and rediscussion of stellar ages, the G dwarf problem, age-metallicity diagram, and heating mechanisms of the disk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ages, metallicities, space velocities, and Galactic orbits of stars in the Solar neighbourhood are fundamental observational constraints on models of galactic disk evolution. We aim to consolidate the calibrations of uvby photometry into Te, [Fe/H], distance, and age for F and G stars and rediscuss the results of the Geneva-Copenhagen Survey (Nordstrom et al. 2004; GCS) in terms of the evolution of the disk. We substantially improve the Te and [Fe/H] calibrations for early F stars, where spectroscopic temperatures have large systematic errors. Our recomputed ages are in excellent agreement with the independent determinations by Takeda et al. (2007), indicating that isochrone ages can now be reliably determined. The revised G-dwarf metallicity distribution remains incompatible with closed-box models, and the age-metallicity relation for the thin disk remains almost flat, with large and real scatter at all ages (sigma intrinsic = 0.20 dex). Dynamical heating of the thin disk continues throughout its life; specific in-plane dynamical effects dominate the evolution of the U and V velocities, while the W velocities remain random at all ages. When assigning thick and thin-disk membership for stars from kinematic criteria, parameters for the oldest stars should be used to characterise the thin disk.

J. Holmberg; B. Nordstrom; J. Andersen

2007-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

99

The first determination of the actinide Th abundance for a red giant of the Ursa Minor dwarf galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Thorium abundance for the red giant COS82 in the Ursa Minor dwarf spheroidal galaxy is determined based on a high resolution spectrum. This is the first detection of actinides in an extra Galactic object. A detailed abundance pattern is determined for 12 other neutron-capture elements from the atomic number 39 to 68. These elements are significantly over-abundant with respect to other metals like Fe (> 1 dex) and their abundance pattern agrees well with those of the r-process-enhanced, very metal-poor stars known in the Galactic halo, while the metallicity of this object ([Fe/H] ~ -1.5) is much higher than these field stars ([Fe/H] ~ -3.0). The results indicate that the mechanism and the astrophysical site that are responsible for neutron-capture elements in COS82 is similar to that for field r-process-enhanced stars, while the condition of low mass star formation is quite different. An estimate of the age of this object based on the Th abundance ratio is discussed.

Wako Aoki; Satoshi Honda; Kozo Sadakane; Nobuo Arimoto

2007-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

100

The first determination of the actinide Th abundance for a red giant of the Ursa Minor dwarf galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Thorium abundance for the red giant COS82 in the Ursa Minor dwarf spheroidal galaxy is determined based on a high resolution spectrum. This is the first detection of actinides in an extra Galactic object. A detailed abundance pattern is determined for 12 other neutron-capture elements from the atomic number 39 to 68. These elements are significantly over-abundant with respect to other metals like Fe (> 1 dex) and their abundance pattern agrees well with those of the r-process-enhanced, very metal-poor stars known in the Galactic halo, while the metallicity of this object ([Fe/H] ~ -1.5) is much higher than these field stars ([Fe/H] ~ -3.0). The results indicate that the mechanism and the astrophysical site that are responsible for neutron-capture elements in COS82 is similar to that for field r-process-enhanced stars, while the condition of low mass star formation is quite different. An estimate of the age of this object based on the Th abundance ratio is discussed.

Aoki, Wako; Sadakane, Kozo; Arimoto, Nobuo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

Polars Changing State: Multiwavelength Long Term Photometry and Spectroscopy of QS Tel, V834 Cen, and BL Hyi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long term optical and near-infrared photometric and blue spectroscopic observations were obtained for QS Tel, V834 Cen, and BL Hyi. The optical light curves of all three polars displayed large magnitude changes during our observations. These same high/low state transitions were also apparent in near-infrared JHK photometry, though with decreased amplitude. The color of the polar with respect to its state was examined and found not to be a good indicator of the instantaneous state. During low to high state transitions, a nearly constant magnitude difference was observed in all three polars. This $\\Delta$m value was found to be consistent with the level expected to occur if accretion onto the white dwarf reached the Eddington luminosity during the high state. The high state Balmer decrement was measured for each star and used to estimate that the temperature of the emission line forming region was ~12,000K with N$_H$ near 12.8 dex. No relationship between the Balmer emission line strength and the white dwarf magnetic field strength was seen, in contrast to a good correlation between these two parameters observed for UV emission lines.

Jill R. Gerke; Steve B. Howell; Frederick M. Walter

2006-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

102

QSO Narrow [OIII] Line Width and Host Galaxy Luminosity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Galaxy bulge luminosity L, black hole mass (Mbh), and stellar velocity dispersion (sigma_*) increase together in a way suggesting a close evolutionary relationship. Measurements of the Mbh-sigma_* relationship as a function of cosmic time may shed light on the origin of this relationship. Direct measurements of sigma_* at high redshift are difficult, and the width of the narrow emission lines of AGN has been proposed as a surrogate. We investigate the utility of using sigma_[OIII] for sigma_* by examining host galaxy magnitudes and [OIII] line widths for low redshift QSOs. For radio-quiet QSOs, sigma_[OIII] is consistent in the mean with the value of sigma_* predicted by the Faber-Jackson relation. For our limited range of host luminosity, scatter obscures the expected increase of sigma_[OIII] with host luminosity. However, for a sample of AGN covering a wide range of measured or inferred sigma_*, there is a clear increase of sigma_[OIII] with sigma_*. Radio-loud QSOs on average have sigma_* smaller by ~0.1 dex than radio-quiet QSOs of similar host luminsotiy, at least for luminosities typical of PG QSOs. Star formation rates in our low redshift QSOs are smaller than required to maintain the typical observed ratio of bulge mass to black hole mass.

E. W. Bonning; G. A. Shields; S. Salviander; R. J. McLure

2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

103

The MACHO Project LMC Variable Star Inventory Classical Cepheids, AGB Variables, and the 9 Million Star Color-Magnitude Diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We measure the ratio of ~5 M_solar blue and red LMC supergiants (representative of classical Cepheids) using the MACHO Project's 9 million star color-magnitude diagram (9M CMD) of the LMC bar. We find b/r = 0.39, which favors the z=0.008, 5 M_solar theoretical model of Schaerer et al.(1993) over that of Fagatto et al. (1994). Next, we examine the low mass (old) and low metallicity LMC field population (Pop. II). Features in the 9M CMD and properties of LMC field RRab are consistent with a mean iron abundance of [Fe/H] = -1.5 dex for this population. Newly discovered post-HB/early-AGB Pop. II variables are identified in order to delineate the instability strip (IS). Good agreement with the theoretical IS of Bono et al. (1997) is found. We then compare the field RRab with newly identified RRab variables in the LMC clusters NGC 1898 and NGC 1835. We find the mean colors of these cluster RRab lie near the red and blue edges of the IS, respectively, which is similar to their respective (overall) red and blue HB mo...

Alves, D R; Cook, K H; Welch, D L; Alcock, C B; Marshall, S; Axelrod, T S; Drake, A; Freeman, K C; Peterson, B M; Allsman, R A; Becker, A; Tomaney, A B; Griest, K; Vandehei, T; Lehner, M; Bennett, D; Minniti, D; Pratt, M; Sutherland, W; Quinn, P

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Astrophysical tests of atomic data important for stellar Mg abundance determinations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnesium abundances of cool stars with different metallicities are important for understanding the galactic chemical evolution. This study tests atomic data used in stellar magnesium abundance analyses. We evaluate non-local thermodynamical equilibrium (NLTE) line formation for Mg I using the most up-to-date theoretical and experimental atomic data available so far and check the Mg abundances from individual lines in the Sun, four well studied A-type stars, and three reference metal-poor stars. With the adopted gf-values, NLTE abundances derived from the Mg I 4703 A, 5528 A, and Mg Ib lines are consistent within 0.05 dex for each A-type star. The same four Mg I lines in the solar spectrum give consistent NLTE abundances at $\\log N_{\\rm Mg}/N_{\\rm H} = -4.45$, when correcting the van der Waals damping constants inferred from the perturbation theory. Inelastic Mg+H collisions as treated by Barklem, Belyaev, Spielfiedel, Guitou, and Feautrier serve as efficient thermalizing process for the statistical equilibri...

Mashonkina, Lyudmila

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Hamburg/ESO R-process Enhanced Star survey (HERES). I. Project description, and discovery of two stars with strong enhancements of neutron-capture elements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a dedicated effort to identify and study metal-poor stars strongly enhanced in r-process elements ([r/Fe] > 1 dex; hereafter r-II stars), the Hamburg/ESO R-process Enhanced Star survey (HERES). Moderate-resolution (~2A) follow-up spectroscopy has been obtained for metal-poor giant candidates selected from the Hamburg/ESO objective-prism survey (HES) as well as the HK survey to identify sharp-lined stars with [Fe/H] HES), ``snapshot'' spectra (R~20,000; S/N~30 per pixel) are being obtained with VLT/UVES, with the main aim of finding the 2-3% r-II stars expected to be among them. These are studied in detail by means of higher resolution and higher S/N spectra. In this paper we describe a pilot study based on a set of 35 stars, including 23 from the HK survey, 8 from the HES, and 4 comparison stars. We discovered two new r-II stars, CS29497-004 ([Eu/Fe] = 1.64 +/- 0.22) and CS29491-069 ([Eu/F...

Christlieb, N; Barklem, P S; Bessell, M; Hill, V; Holmberg, J; Korn, A J; Marsteller, B; Mashonkina, L I; Qian, Y Z; Rossi, S; Wasserburg, G J; Zickgraf, F J; Kratz, K L; Nordström, B; Pfeiffer, B; Rhee, J; Ryan, S G

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Open Cluster Chemical Analysis and Mapping Survey: Local Galactic Metallicity Gradient with APOGEE using SDSS DR10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Open Cluster Chemical Analysis and Mapping (OCCAM) Survey aims to produce a comprehensive, uniform, infrared-based dataset for hundreds of open clusters, and constrain key Galactic dynamical and chemical parameters from this sample. This first contribution from the OCCAM survey presents analysis of 141 members stars in 28 open clusters with high-resolution metallicities derived from a large uniform sample collected as part of the SDSS-III/Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). This sample includes the first high-resolution metallicity measurements for 22 open clusters. With this largest ever uniformly observed sample of open cluster stars we investigate the Galactic disk gradients of both [M/H] and [alpha/M]. We find basically no gradient across this range in [alpha/M], but [M/H] does show a gradient for R_{GC} < 10 kpc and a significant flattening beyond R_{GC} = 10 kpc. In particular, whereas fitting a single linear trend yields an [M/H] gradient of -0.09 +/- 0.03$ dex/kpc -...

Frinchaboy, Peter M; Jackson, Kelly M; O'Connell, Julia; Meyer, Brianne; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R; Chojnowksi, S Drew; Johnson, Jennifer A; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Beers, Timothy C; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Cunha, Katia; Ebelke, Garrett; Perez, Ana Elia Garcia; Hearty, Frederick R; Holtzman, Jon; Kinemuchi, Karen; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Marchante, Moses; Meszaros, Szabolcs; Muna, Demitri; Nidever, David L; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Schiavon, Ricardo P; Schneider, Donald P; Shetrone, Matthew; Simmons, Audrey; Snedden, Stephanie; Smith, Verne V; Wilson, John C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Stellar masses of SDSS-III BOSS galaxies at z~0.5 and constraints to galaxy formation models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate stellar masses for ~400,000 massive luminous galaxies at redshift ~0.2-0.7 using the first two years of data from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). Stellar masses are obtained by fitting model spectral energy distributions to u,g,r,i,z magnitudes. Accurate BOSS spectroscopic redshifts are used to constrain the fits. We find that the distribution of stellar masses in BOSS is narrow (Delta log M ~0.5 dex) and peaks at about log M/M_sun ~ 11.3 (for a Kroupa initial stellar mass function), and that the mass sampling is uniform over the redshift range 0.2 to 0.6, in agreement with the intended BOSS target selection. The galaxy masses probed by BOSS extend over ~ 10^{12} M_{sun}, providing unprecedented measurements of the high-mass end of the galaxy mass function. We find that the galaxy number density above ~ 2.5 10^{11} M_{sun} agrees with previous determinations within 2sigma, but there is a slight offset towards lower number densities in BOSS. This alleviates a tension between th...

Maraston, Claudia; Henriques, Bruno M; Thomas, Daniel; Wake, David; Brownstein, Joel R; Capozzi, Diego; Bundy, Kevin; Skibba, Ramin A; Beifiori, Alessandra; Nichol, Robert C; Edmondson, Edd; Schneider, Don P; Chen, Yanmei; Masters, Karen L; Steele, Oliver; Bolton, Adam S; York, Donald G; Bizyaev, Dmitry; Brewington, Howard; Malanushenko, Elena; Malanushenko, Viktor; Snedden, Stephanie; Oravetz, Daniel; Pan, Kaike; Shelden, Alaina; Simmons, Audrey

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Abundance Analysis of Planetary Host Stars I. Differential Iron Abundances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present atmospheric parameters and iron abundances derived from high-resolution spectra for three samples of dwarf stars: stars which are known to host close-in giant planets (CGP), stars for which radial velocity data exclude the presence of a close-in giant planetary companion (no-CGP), as well as a random sample of dwarfs with a spectral type and magnitude distribution similar to that of the planetary host stars (control). All stars have been observed with the same instrument and have been analyzed using the same model atmospheres, atomic data and equivalent width modeling program. Abundances have been derived differentially to the Sun, using a solar spectrum obtained with Callisto as the reflector with the same instrumentation. We find that the iron abundances of CGP dwarfs are on average by 0.22 dex greater than that of no-CGP dwarfs. The iron abundance distributions of both the CGP and no-CGP dwarfs are different than that of the control dwarfs, while the combined iron abundances have a distribution which is very similar to that of the control dwarfs. All four samples (CGP, no-CGP, combined, control) have different effective temperature distributions. We show that metal enrichment occurs only for CGP dwarfs with temperatures just below solar and approximately 300 K higher than solar, whereas the abundance difference is insignificant at Teff around 6000 K.

U. Heiter; R. E. Luck

2003-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

109

Chemical signatures of planets: beyond solar-twins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elemental abundance studies of solar twin stars suggest that the solar chemical composition contains signatures of the formation of terrestrial planets in the solar system, namely small but significant depletions of the refractory elements. To test this hypothesis, we study stars which, compared to solar twins, have less massive convective envelopes (therefore increasing the amplitude of the predicted effect) or are, arguably, more likely to host planets (thus increasing the frequency of signature detections). We measure relative atmospheric parameters and elemental abundances of a late-F type dwarf sample (52 stars) and a sample of metal-rich solar analogs (59 stars). We detect refractory-element depletions with amplitudes up to about 0.15 dex. The distribution of depletion amplitudes for stars known to host gas giant planets is not different from that of the rest of stars. The maximum amplitude of depletion increases with effective temperature from 5650 K to 5950 K, while it appears to be constant for warme...

Ramirez, I; Asplund, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Metallicity Calibrations and the Mass-Metallicity Relation for Star-Forming Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) We investigate the effect of metallicity calibrations, AGN classification, and aperture covering fraction on the local mass-metallicity (MZ) relation using 27,730 star-forming galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Data Release 4. We analyse the SDSS MZ relation with 10 metallicity calibrations, including theoretical and empirical methods. We show that the choice of metallicity calibration has a significant effect on the shape and y-intercept(12+log(O/H)) of the MZ relation. The absolute metallicity scale (y-int) varies up to 0.7 dex, depending on the calibration used, and the change in shape is substantial. These results indicate that it is critical to use the same metallicity calibration when comparing different luminosity-metallicity or mass-metallicity relations. We present new metallicity conversions that allow metallicities that have been derived using different strong-line calibrations to be converted to the same base calibration. These conversions facilitate comparisons between d...

Kewley, Lisa J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Zer sanr 'spirit guardians' chanted by pirma Gavq Lavq  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dzanbawq taqzivq-awr, zivq-e tavq-anr lovqteiq lovqpir. \\ft $not dzan on the recording, but deX could be laq lmq, one fathom. \\ref khoer_naevq_dav.050 \\tx geeq lanq mawr miq lovq zaq sanr zaq tiq eeq or. \\mb geeq lanq mawr miq lovq zaq sanr zaq tiq eeq or...

Terrell, Jacob A.

112

IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I hereby declare that all information in this document has been obtained and presented in accordance with academic rules and ethical conduct. I also declare that, as required by these rules and conduct, I have fully cited and referenced all material and results that are not original to this work. iii

Prof Dr; Canan Özgen; Prof Dr; Kemal I?der; Prof Dr; Tülay Ye?in

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

THE SLACS SURVEY. VIII. THE RELATION BETWEEN ENVIRONMENT AND INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the relation between the internal structure of early-type galaxies and their environment using 70 strong gravitational lenses from the SLACS Survey. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) database is used to determine two measures of overdensity of galaxies around each lens-the projected number density of galaxies inside the tenth nearest neighbor ({sigma}{sub 10}) and within a cone of radius one h{sup -1} Mpc (D {sub 1}). Our main results are as follows. (1) The average overdensity is somewhat larger than unity, consistent with lenses preferring overdense environments as expected for massive early-type galaxies (12/70 lenses are in known groups/clusters). (2) The distribution of overdensities is indistinguishable from that of 'twin' nonlens galaxies selected from SDSS to have the same redshift and stellar velocity dispersion {sigma}{sub *}. Thus, within our errors, lens galaxies are an unbiased population, and the SLACS results can be generalized to the overall population of early-type galaxies. (3) Typical contributions from external mass distribution are no more than a few percent in local mass density, reaching 10-20% ({approx}0.05-0.10 external convergence) only in the most extreme overdensities. (4) No significant correlation between overdensity and slope of the mass-density profile of the lens galaxies is found. (5) Satellite galaxies (those with a more luminous companion) have marginally steeper mass-density profiles (as quantified by f {sub SIE} = {sigma}{sub *}/{sigma}{sub SIE} = 1.12 {+-} 0.05 versus 1.01 {+-} 0.01) and smaller dynamically normalized mass enclosed within the Einstein radius ({delta}log M {sub Ein}/M {sub dim} differs by -0.09 {+-} 0.03 dex) than central galaxies (those without). This result suggests that tidal stripping may affect the mass structure of early-type galaxies down to kpc scales probed by strong lensing, when they fall into larger structures.

Treu, Tommaso; Gavazzi, Raphael; Gorecki, Alexia; Marshall, Philip J. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Koopmans, Leon V. E. [Kapteyn Institute, P.O. Box 800, 9700AV Groningen (Netherlands); Bolton, Adam S. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai'i, 2680 Woodlawn Dr., Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Moustakas, Leonidas A. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Dr, Caltech, MS169-327, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Burles, Scott [Department of Physics and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)], E-mail: tt@physics.ucsb.edu, E-mail: pjm@physics.ucsb.edu, E-mail: gavazzi@iap.fr, E-mail: koopmans@astro.rug.nl, E-mail: bolton@ifa.hawaii.edu, E-mail: leonidas@jpl.nasa.gov, E-mail: burles@mit.edu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

In  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

c3 c3 In 0 .2 0 P DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsi- bility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Refer- ) . ence herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recom- 5 mendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views

115

A CCD Imaging Search for Wide Metal-Poor Binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explored the regions within a radius of 25 arcsec around 473 nearby, low-metallicity G- to M-type stars using (VR)I optical filters and small-aperture telescopes. About 10% of the sample was searched up to angular separations of 90 arcsec. We applied photometric and astrometric techniques to detect true physical companions to the targets. The great majority of the sample stars was drawn from the Carney-Latham surveys; their metallicities range from roughly solar to [Fe/H]=-3.5 dex. Our I-band photometric survey detected objects that are between 0 and 5 mag fainter (completeness) than the target stars; the maximum dynamical range of our exploration is 9 mag. We also investigated the literature and inspected images from the Digitized Sky Surveys to complete our search. By combining photometric and proper motion measurements, we retrieved 29 previously known companions, and identified 13 new proper motion companions. Near-infrared 2MASS photometry is provided for the great majority of them. Low-resolution optical spectroscopy (386-1000 nm) was obtained for eight of the new companion stars. These spectroscopic data confirm them as cool, late-type, metal-depleted dwarfs, with spectral classes from esdK7 to sdM3. After comparison with low-metallicity evolutionary models, we estimate the masses of the proper motion companion stars to be in the range 0.5-0.1 Msol. They are orbiting their primary stars at projected separations between ~32 and ~57000 AU. These orbital sizes are very similar to those of solar-metallicity stars of the same spectral types. Our results indicate that about 15% of the metal-poor stars have stellar companions at large orbits, which is in agreement with the binary fraction observed among main sequence G- to M-type stars and T Tauri stars.

M. R. Zapatero Osorio; E. L. Martin

2004-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

116

THE SUPER LITHIUM-RICH RED GIANT RAPID ROTATOR G0928+73.2600: A CASE FOR PLANET ACCRETION?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the discovery of a super lithium-rich K giant star, G0928+73.2600. This red giant (T {sub eff} = 4885 K and log g = 2.65) is a fast rotator with a projected rotational velocity of 8.4 km s{sup -1} and an unusually high lithium abundance of A(Li) = 3.30 dex. Although the lack of a measured parallax precludes knowing the exact evolutionary phase, an isochrone-derived estimate of its luminosity places the star on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram in a location that is not consistent with either the red bump on the first ascent of the red giant branch or with the second ascent on the asymptotic giant branch, the two evolutionary stages where lithium-rich giant stars tend to cluster. Thus, even among the already unusual group of lithium-rich giant stars, G0928+73.2600 is peculiar. Using {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C as a tracer for mixing-more mixing leads to lower {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C-we find {sup 12}C/{sup 13}C = 28, which is near the expected value for standard first dredge-up mixing. We can therefore conclude that 'extra' deep mixing has not occurred. Regardless of the ambiguity of the evolutionary stage, the extremely large lithium abundance and the rotational velocity of this star are unusual, and we speculate that G0928+73.2600 has been enriched in both lithium and angular momentum from a sub-stellar companion.

Carlberg, Joleen K.; Majewski, Steven R.; Rood, Robert T. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Smith, Verne V.; Cunha, Katia, E-mail: jkm9n@virginia.ed [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Chemical and structural analysis of the Large Magellanic Cloud using the fundamental mode RR Lyrae stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a careful and detailed light curve analysis of publicly available $I$-band data on fundamental mode RR Lyrae (RRab) stars of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) obtained by the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE) phase-III project. Using the Fourier parameters of $13,095$ RRab stars, metallicities and absolute magnitudes of individual stars are obtained. The representation of stars on the $P-\\phi_{31}^{V}$ plane shows the existence of three significant metallicity groups with mean metallicities as $-1.20 \\pm 0.12$ dex, $-1.57 \\pm 0.10$ dex and $-1.89 \\pm 0.09$ dex. The corresponding absolute magnitudes of these three groups are obtained as $0.70\\pm 0.08$ mag, $0.59 \\pm 0.06$ mag and $0.49 \\pm 0.08$ mag, respectively. Distribution of these three groups as a function of vertical $|z|$ distance indicates that the formation of the LMC disk predates the formation of the inner halo. Issue of the existence of a metallicity gradient as a function of galactocentric distances has also been addressed...

Deb, Sukanta

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

THE SOLAR HEAVY ELEMENT ABUNDANCES. II. CONSTRAINTS FROM STELLAR ATMOSPHERES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimates of the bulk metal abundance of the Sun derived from the latest generation of model atmospheres are significantly lower than the earlier standard values. In Paper I, we demonstrated that helioseismic data combined with stellar interiors theory set strong bounds on the solar metal abundance. The seismically derived abundances are inconsistent with the low photospheric abundances if the quoted errors in the atmospheric models (of order 0.05 dex) are correct. In this paper, we undertake a critical analysis of the solar metallicity and its uncertainty from a model atmospheric perspective, focusing on CNO. We argue that the non-LTE (NLTE) corrections for abundances derived from atomic features are overestimated in the recent abundance studies, while systematic errors in the absolute abundances are underestimated. In general, abundances derived from molecular features are lower than those derived from atomic features for the three-dimensional hydro models, while a weaker trend in the opposite direction tends to hold for abundances derived from one-dimensional models. If we adopt the internal consistency between different indicators as a measure of goodness of fit, we obtain intermediate abundances [C/H] = 8.44 +- 0.06, [N/H] = 7.96 +- 0.10 and [O/H] = 8.75 +- 0.08. The errors reflect the fact that both the high and low scales are internally consistent within the errors, and they are too large to conclude that there is a solar abundance problem. However, the center-to-limb continuum flux variations predicted in the simulations appear to be inconsistent with solar data based on recently published work. This would favor the traditional thermal structure and lead to high CNO abundances of (8.52, 7.96, 8.80) close to the seismic scale. We argue that further empirical tests of NLTE corrections and the thermal structure are required for precise absolute abundances. The sensitivity of the simulations to spatial resolution and systematic errors in the underlying atmospheric physics should also be examined, and these effects may lead to an overestimate of the impact of convective overshooting on the thermal structure of the outer layers of the solar atmosphere. The uncertainties in the solar oxygen also imply that strong conclusions about the absence of solar beryllium depletion cannot be made.

Pinsonneault, M. H. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Delahaye, Franck [CEA, IRFU, Serv. Astrophys., F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

119

Stellar Archaeology: a Keck Pilot Program on Extremely Metal-Poor Stars from the Hamburg/ESO Survey. II. Abundance Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed abundance analysis of 8 stars selected as extremely metal poor candidates from the Hamburg/ESO Survey (HES). For comparison, we have also analysed 3 extremely metal-poor candidates from the HK survey, and 3 additional bright metal-poor stars. With this work, we have doubled the number of extremely metal-poor stars ([Fe/H]$\\le 3.0$) with high-precision abundance analyses. Our sample of extremely metal-poor candidates from the HES contains 3 stars with [Fe/H] $\\le -3.0$, 3 more with [Fe/H]$\\le -2.8$, and 2 stars that are only slightly more metal rich. Thus, the chain of procedures that led to the selection of these stars from the HES successfully provides a high fraction of extremely metal-poor stars. We verify that our stellar parameters, derived in Paper I, lead to acceptable ionization and excitation balances for Fe, ruling out substantial non-LTE effects in Fe. For the $\\alpha-$elements Mg, Si, Ca, Ti, the light element Al, the iron-peak elements Sc, Cr, Mn, and the neutron capture elements Sr and Ba, we find trends in abundance ratios [X/Fe] similar to those found by previous studies. However,the scatter in most of these ratios, even at [Fe/H]$\\le -3.0$ dex, is surprisingly small. Only Sr and Ba show scatter larger than the expected errors. Future work (the 0Z project) will provide much stronger constraints on the scatter (or lack thereof) in abundances for a greater number of stars. We discuss the implications of these results for the early chemical evolution of the Galaxy, including such issues as the number of contributing SN, and the sizes of typical fragments in which they were born. In addition, we have identified a very metal poor star that appears to be the result of the s-process chain, operating in a very metal-poor environment, with extremely enhanced C, Ba, and Pb, and somewhat enhanced Sr.

Eugenio Carretta; Raffaele Gratton; Judith G. Cohen; Timothy C. Beers; Norbert Christlieb

2002-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

120

KINEMATICS AND CHEMISTRY OF STARS ALONG THE SAGITTARIUS TRAILING TIDAL TAIL AND CONSTRAINTS ON THE MILKY WAY MASS DISTRIBUTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of Sagittarius (Sgr) trailing tidal debris in six fields located 70 Degree-Sign -130 Degree-Sign along the stream from the Sgr dwarf galaxy core. The data are from our proper-motion (PM) survey of Kapteyn's Selected Areas, in which we have measured accurate PMs to faint magnitudes in {approx}40' Multiplication-Sign 40' fields evenly spaced across the sky. The radial velocity (RV) signature of Sgr has been identified among our follow-up spectroscopic data in four of the six fields and combined with mean PMs of spectroscopically confirmed members to derive space motions of Sgr debris based on {approx}15-64 confirmed stream members per field. These kinematics are compared to predictions of the Law and Majewski model of Sgr disruption; we find reasonable agreement with model predictions in RVs and PMs along Galactic latitude. However, an upward adjustment of the local standard of rest velocity ({Theta}{sub LSR}) from its standard 220 km s{sup -1} to at least 232 {+-} 14 km s{sup -1} (and possibly as high as 264 {+-} 23 km s{sup -1}) is necessary to bring 3D model debris kinematics and our measurements into agreement. Satisfactory model fits that simultaneously reproduce known position, distance, and RV trends of the Sgr tidal streams, while significantly increasing {Theta}{sub LSR}, could only be achieved by increasing the Galactic bulge and disk mass while leaving the dark matter halo fixed to the best-fit values from Law and Majewski. We derive low-resolution spectroscopic abundances along this stretch of the Sgr stream and find a constant [Fe/H] {approx} -1.15 (with {approx}0.5 dex scatter in each field-typical for dwarf galaxy populations) among the four fields with reliable measurements. A constant metallicity suggests that debris along the {approx}60 Degree-Sign span of this study was all stripped from Sgr on the same orbital passage.

Carlin, Jeffrey L.; Majewski, Steven R.; Patterson, Richard J. [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325 (United States); Casetti-Dinescu, Dana I.; Girard, Terrence M. [Astronomy Department, Yale University, P.O. Box 208101, New Haven, CT 06520-8101 (United States); Law, David R., E-mail: jc4qn@mail.astro.virginia.edu, E-mail: carlij@rpi.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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121

A QUASAR CATALOG WITH SIMULTANEOUS UV, OPTICAL, AND X-RAY OBSERVATIONS BY SWIFT  

SciTech Connect

We have compiled a catalog of optically selected quasars with simultaneous observations in UV/optical and X-ray bands by the Swift Gamma-ray Burst Explorer. Objects in this catalog are identified by matching the Swift pointings with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 5 quasar catalog. The final catalog contains 843 objects, among which 637 have both Ultraviolet Optical Telescope (UVOT) and X-Ray Telescope (XRT) observations and 354 of which are detected by both instruments. The overall X-ray detection rate is {approx}60% which rises to {approx}85% among sources with at least 10 ks of XRT exposure time. We construct the time-averaged spectral energy distribution (SED) for each of the 354 quasars using UVOT photometric measurements and XRT spectra. From model fits to these SEDs, we find that the big blue bump contributes about {approx}0.3 dex to the quasar luminosity. We re-visit the {alpha}{sub ox}-L{sub 2500A} relation by selecting a clean sample with only Type 1 radio-quiet quasars; the dispersion of this relation is reduced by at least 15% compared with studies that use non-simultaneous UV/optical and X-ray data. We only found a weak correlation between L{sub bol}/L{sub Edd} and {alpha}{sub UV}. We do not find significant correlations between {alpha}{sub x} and {alpha}{sub ox}, {alpha}{sub ox} and {alpha}{sub UV}, and {alpha}{sub x} and log L(0.3-10 keV). The correlations between {alpha}{sub UV} and {alpha}{sub x}, {alpha}{sub ox} and {alpha}{sub x}, {alpha}{sub ox} and {alpha}{sub UV}, L{sub bol}/L{sub Edd} and {alpha}{sub x}, and L{sub bol}/L{sub Edd} and {alpha}{sub ox} are stronger among low-redshift quasars, indicating that these correlations are likely driven by the changes of SED shape with accretion state.

Wu Jian; Grupe, Dirk; Koch, Scott; Gelbord, Jonathan; Schneider, Donald P.; Gronwall, Caryl; Porterfield, Blair L. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Vanden Berk, Daniel; Wesolowski, Sarah, E-mail: jwu@astro.psu.edu [Department of Physics, Saint Vincent College, 300 Fraser Purchase Road, Latrobe, PA 15650 (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The Evolution of Stellar Mass Density and its Implied Star Formation History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using a compilation of measurements of the stellar mass density as a function of redshift we can infer the cosmic star formation history. For z histories. At higher redshifts the instantaneous indicators suggest star formation rates larger than that implied by the evolution of the stellar mass density. This discrepancy peaks at z = 3 where instantaneous indicators suggest a star formation rate around 0.6 dex higher than those of the best fit to the stellar mass history. We discuss a variety of explanations for this inconsistency, such as inaccurate dust extinction corrections, incorrect measurements of stellar masses and a possible evolution of the stellar initial mass function.

S. M. Wilkins; N. Trentham; A. M. Hopkins

2008-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

123

Precise reddening and metallicity of NGC6752 from FLAMES spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(abridged) Accurate reddenings for Globular Clusters could be obtained by comparing the colour-temperature obtained using temperatures from reddening-free indicator (Halpha), with that given by standard colour-temperature calibrations. From a single 1300 seconds exposure with FLAMES at VLT2 we obtained spectra centred on Halpha (R=6000, 5dex, and with average metallicity [Fe/H]= -1.48 +/- 0.01 +/- 0.06 dex (random + systematic). Abundances were obtained for severa...

Gratton, R G; Carretta, E; De Angeli, F; Lucatello, S; Momany, Y; Piotto, G; Recio-Blanco, A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

North Brawley Power Plant Asset Impairment Analysis | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North Brawley Power Plant Asset Impairment Analysis North Brawley Power Plant Asset Impairment Analysis Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: North Brawley Power Plant Asset Impairment Analysis Author Giza Singer Even Published Publisher Not Provided, Date Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for North Brawley Power Plant Asset Impairment Analysis Citation Giza Singer Even. North Brawley Power Plant Asset Impairment Analysis [Internet]. [updated 2012;cited 2012]. Available from: http://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1296445/000119312512118396/d316623dex991.htm Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=North_Brawley_Power_Plant_Asset_Impairment_Analysis&oldid=682476" Categories: References

125

Company/Product Description Contract Number Contract Holders  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Company/Product Company/Product Description Contract Number Contract Holders (contact directly) Small Business Product POCs DOE POC Adobe Adobe's Government Cumulative Licenses Program (CLP) and Enterprise Agreement (EA2) Program. Most Adobe desktop products and services DE-IM0000595 Emergent, LLC: Tenley White ph: 571-419-6430 twhite@emergent360.com Matthew Frazee ph: 571-419-6419 MFrazee@emergent360.com YES Adobe: Tiffany Person ph: 847-224-2746 tiperson@adobe.com Alan Andon Alan.Andon@hq.doe.gov 301-903-9722 AT&T email Cybersecurity Services (DEX) DE-IM0000695 AT&T: Linda D. Blanchard ph: 443-896-5291 lb4826@att.com NO AT&T PM: Linda D. Blanchard ph: 443-896-5291 lb4826@att.com DOE PM: Brian Varine ph: : 202-586-8139 Brian.varine@hq.doe.gov Core Security

126

The Evolution of Stellar Mass and the Implied Star Formation History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a compilation of measurements of the stellar mass density as a function of redshift. Using this stellar mass history we obtain a star formation history and compare it to the instantaneous star formation history. For zhistories. At higher redshifts the instantaneous indicators suggest star formation rates larger than that implied by the evolution of the stellar mass density. This discrepancy peaks at z=3 where instantaneous indicators suggest a star formation rate around 0.6 dex higher than those of the best fit to the stellar mass history. We discuss a variety of explanations for this inconsistency, such as inaccurate dust extinction corrections, incorrect measurements of stellar masses and a possible evolution of the stellar initial mass function.

Stephen M. Wilkins; Neil Trentham; Andrew M. Hopkins

2008-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

127

In Memoriam  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a standard for scientists and engineers that are ... joined the Cryogenic Engineering Laboratory of ... as a monopropellant in nuclear rocket-propulsion ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

in water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

displacement fluids in enhanced oil recovery. Recently, we have shown that ... and a computer-controlled and stepping-motor-driven vari- able angle detection ...

129

Bioengineering In  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to remove the resist. (b) Reactive ion etched cell guidance cues. (c) Wet hydrogen fluoride etched buried guidance cues. Scale bars10 m. to promote rapid neuron growth in...

130

In- and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absorbed-dose calculations provide a scientific basis for evaluating the biologic effects associated with administered radiopharmaceuticals. In cancer therapy, radiation dosimetry supports treatment planning, dose-response analyses, predictions of therapy effectiveness, and completeness of patient medical records. In this study, we evaluated the organ radiation absorbed doses from intravenously administered 111 In- and 90 Y-ibritumomab tiuxetan. Methods: Ten patients (6 men and 4 women) with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, cared for at 3 different medical centers, were administered the tracer 111 In-ibritumomab tiuxetan and assessed using planar scintillation camera imaging at 5 time points and CT–organ volumetrics to determine patientspecific organ biokinetics and dosimetry. Explicit attenuation correction based on the transmission scan or transmission measurements

Y-ibritumomab Tiuxetan; Darrell R. Fisher; Sui Shen; Ruby F. Meredith

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

In situ bioremediation in Europe  

SciTech Connect

Site remediation activity in Europe is increasing, even if not at the forced pace of the US. Although there is a better understanding of the benefits of bioremediation than of other approaches, especially about in situ bioremediation of contaminated soils, relatively few projects have been carried out full-scale in Europe or in the US. Some engineering companies and large industrial companies in Europe are investigating bioremediation and biotreatment technologies, in some cases to solve their internal waste problems. Technologies related to the application of microorganisms to the soil, release of nutrients into the soil, and enhancement of microbial decontamination are being tested through various additives such as surfactants, ion exchange resins, limestone, or dolomite. New equipment has been developed for crushing and mixing or injecting and sparging the microorganisms, as have new reactor technologies (e.g., rotating aerator reactors, biometal sludge reactors, and special mobile containers for simultaneous storage, transportation, and biodegradation of contaminated soil). Some work has also been done with immobilized enzymes to support and restore enzymatic activities related to partial or total xenobiotic decontamination. Finally, some major programs funded by public and private institutions confirm that increasing numbers of firms have a working interest in bioremediation.

Porta, A. [Battelle Europe, Geneva (CH); Young, J.K.; Molton, P.M. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (US)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

In Theory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5, 1998 5, 1998 Number 11 For every fundamental particle, the theory of supersymmetry proposes a supersymmetric partner, a "sparticle" in SUSY jargon. The electron, e, for example, has a SUSY spartner, the selectron ~ e. Would every Fermilab theorist have a SUSY "stheorist"? Probably not, but theorists worldwide will be watching Tevatron Run II for the first experimental evidence for SUSY. In Theory f INSIDE 2 Supersymmetry 7 Supersymmetry Workshop 8 MiniBooNE 10 Fishing 12 Paperless Papers 14 CDF Party The Fermilab Stheory Group ~ The Fermilab Theory Group by Meher Antia Without resorting to tricky mathematics or exotic physics, anyone can see that much of the stuff the world is made of has mass. Things can be touched and felt; they have some bulk, unlike, say, light which is intangible and

133

Iran in History Iran in History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Iran in History Iran in History by Bernard Lewis In attempting to attain some perspective on Iran. These events have been variously seen in Iran: by some as a blessing, the advent of the true faith, the end remarkable difference between what happened in Iran and what happened in all the other countries

Mohaghegh, Shahab

134

In Search of Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: In Search of Sustainability By Jenny Goldie, Boband Bryan Furnass. In Search of Sustainability. Collingwood,in sustainability. In Search of Sustainability opens with an

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Federal Participation in LEED in 2005  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The federal government is an active participant in promotingsustainable design, construction and operations and in the use of USGBC'sLeadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green BuildingRating System. This paper presents an overview of sustainableconstruction activities in the federal sector in 2005.

Payne, Christopher; Dyer, Beverly

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Environmental Radioactivity in Greenland in 1981  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Measurements of fallout radioactivity in Greenland in 1981 are reported. Strontium-90 (and Cesium-137 in most. INIS Descriptors [0] DEER, DIET, ENVIRONMENT, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, FISHES, POOD CHAINS, GLOBAL FALLOUT

137

SAMPLING DECISIONS IN OPTIMUM EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN IN ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

spensable tool in science, complementary to theory and experiment. It builds ...... mal experimental design of a catalytic fixed bed reactor, in Proceedings of 18th ...

138

Acid Violence in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

women’s rights advocate in Pakistan believe that a woman canViolence Legislation in Pakistan,” Huffington Post, Octoberagainst Women in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press,

Zia, Taiba

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Movements in air conditioning.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Movements in Air Conditioning is a collection of poems that explores the obstacles inherent in creating a new sense of home in a country that… (more)

Hitt, Robert D. (Robert David)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Farmland Reforestation in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Labour Allocation in Rural China. ” Journal of DevelopmentDevelopment in Rural China. ” Working paper, University oftrial in Northwest China” Agricultural Water Management 76:

Kelly, Peter Alfred

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Tubulin in vitro, in vivo and in silico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tubulin, microtubules and associated proteins were studied theoretically, computationally and experimentally in vitro and in vivo in order to elucidate the possible role these play in cellular information processing and storage. Use of the electric dipole moment of tubulin as the basis for binary switches (biobits) in nanofabricated circuits was explored with surface plasmon resonance, refractometry and dielectric spectroscopy. The effects of burdening the microtubular cytoskeleton of olfactory associative memory neurons with excess microtubule associated protein TAU in Drosophila fruitflies were determined. To investigate whether tubulin may be used as the substrate for quantum computation as a bioqubit, suggestions for experimental detection of quantum coherence and entanglement among tubulin electric dipole moment states were developed.

Mershin, Andreas

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

The “West” in Literacy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

identity in early Iron Age Greece and Cyprus. Oxford Journaland democratic literacy in Greece. In W. A. Johnson, & H.The culture of reading in Greece and Rome (pp. 13-45).

Bhattacharya, Usree

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Early events in phytochrome signaling in Arabidopsis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Arabidopsis WRKY53 and ESR/ESP in leaf senescence isas an epithiospecifier protein (ESP), a protein that non-As mentioned above, PIK/ESP is involved in glucosinolate

Burger, Brian Timothy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Accessibility in Information Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Azzopardi,L. Vinay,V. To appear in the Proceedings of the European Conference in Information Retrieval Springer Verlag

Azzopardi, L.

145

Radiation Effects In Ceramics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RADIATION MATERIALS SCIENCE IN TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS II: Radiation Effects in Ceramics. Sponsored by: Jt. SMD/MSD Nuclear Materials ...

146

Advances in NMR Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NMR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of classical diffusion in NMR studies of water in biologicalmicrocoil-based microfluidic NMR probes. Journal of Magnetic

Trease, David Richard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Hazardous Continuation Backward in Time in Nonlinear ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the fact that the fundamental stability inequality ... case of pollution source identification, Handbook Environ ... Series in Applied Mathematics, Volume 22 ...

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

148

Environmental Radioactivity in Greenland in 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fallout radioactivity in Greenland in 1978 are reported. Strontium-90 (and Cesium-137 in most cases, FOOD CHAINS, GLOBAL FALLOUT, GRAPHS, GREENLAND, PLANTS, RADIOAC- TIVITY, SEAWATER, SHEEP, TABLES [1 ' the fallout levels increased similarly from 1977 to 1978. 90 Fig. 2.1 shows the accumulated Sr at the various

149

Environmental Radioactivity in the Faroes in 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of fallout radioactivity in the Faroes in 137 1978 are presented. Strontium-90 (and Cs in most cases, ENVIRONEMNT, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, FAROE ISLANDS, FISHES, FOOD, FOOD CHAINS, GLOBAL FALLOUT, GRAPHS, MILK, PLANTS to counting) B.D.L. below detection limit #12;5 - 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. The fallout progress« for the Faroes

150

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

A review of the market implications resulting from the rapid change from MTBE- to ethanol-blended RFG on the East Coast and in Texas. Strains in ethanol supply and distribution will increase the potential for price volatility in these regions this summer.

Joanne Shore

2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

151

STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF THE GLOBULAR CLUSTER PALOMAR 13  

SciTech Connect

We present Keck/DEIMOS spectroscopy and Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope/MegaCam photometry for the Milky Way globular cluster Palomar 13. We triple the number of spectroscopically confirmed members, including many repeat velocity measurements. Palomar 13 is the only known globular cluster with possible evidence for dark matter, based on a Keck/High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer 21 star velocity dispersion of {sigma} = 2.2 {+-} 0.4 km s{sup -1}. We reproduce this measurement, but demonstrate that it is inflated by unresolved binary stars. For our sample of 61 stars, the velocity dispersion is {sigma} = 0.7{sup +0.6}{sub -0.5} km s{sup -1}. Combining our DEIMOS data with literature values, our final velocity dispersion is {sigma} = 0.4{sup +0.4}{sub -0.3} km s{sup -1}. We determine a spectroscopic metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.6 {+-} 0.1 dex, placing a 1{sigma} upper limit of {sigma}{sub [Fe/H]} {approx} 0.2 dex on any internal metallicity spread. We determine Palomar 13's total luminosity to be M{sub V} = -2.8 {+-} 0.4, making it among the least luminous known globular clusters. The photometric isophotes are regular out to the half-light radius and mildly irregular outside this radius. The outer surface brightness profile slope is shallower than typical globular clusters ({Sigma}{proportional_to}r{sup {eta}}, {eta} = -2.8 {+-} 0.3). Thus at large radius, tidal debris is likely affecting the appearance of Palomar 13. Combining our luminosity with the intrinsic velocity dispersion, we find a dynamical mass of M{sub 1/2} = 1.3{sup +2:7}{sub -1.3} Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} M{sub Sun} and a mass-to-light ratio of M/L{sub V} = 2.4{sup +5.0}{sub -2.4} M{sub Sun }/L{sub Sun }. Within our measurement errors, the mass-to-light ratio agrees with the theoretical predictions for a single stellar population. We conclude that, while there is some evidence for tidal stripping at large radius, the dynamical mass of Palomar 13 is consistent with its stellar mass and neither significant dark matter, nor extreme tidal heating, is required to explain the cluster dynamics.

Bradford, J. D. [Department of Physics, Central Connecticut State University, 1615 Stanley Street, New Britain, CT 06050 (United States); Geha, M.; Munoz, R. R.; Santana, F. A. [Astronomy Department, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Simon, J. D. [The Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Cote, P.; Stetson, P. B. [National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Kirby, E.; Djorgovski, S. G., E-mail: jeremydbradford@gmail.com, E-mail: marla.geha@yale.edu [California Institute of Technology, Department of Astronomy, MS 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91106 (United States)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

152

CHLORIDE, IN CALCIUM, IN pH ARSENIC, IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LITER PHAST--A Program for Simulating Ground-Water Flow, Solute Transport, and Multicomponent;COVER ILLUSTRATION: Results of PHAST simulation of the evolution of water chemistry in the CentralH ARSENIC, IN MILLIGRAMS PER LITER MILLIGRAMS PER LITER MICROGRAMS PER LITER #12;PHAST--A Program

153

computability in principle and in practice in algebraic ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Cod. Ms. H. Hasse 1:296, 1:976, 1:985, 1:1410, 1:1696, 1:1911, and 1:1920 in this and other chapters of the thesis. All translations from German in this ...

154

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

02/22/2006 02/22/2006 Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 Summary In 2005, a number of petroleum companies announced their intent to remove methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from their gasoline in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline, and perceived potential for increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EIA's informal discussions with a number of suppliers indicate that most of the industry is trying to move away from MTBE before the 2006 summer driving season. Currently, the largest use of MTBE is in RFG consumed on the East Coast outside of

155

Individual variation in cooperative behaviour in meerkats  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

help or advice along the way include: Neil Jordan, Krys Golabek, Andrew Bateman (and Dr. Love), Lucy Browning, Martha (Maple) Nelson-Flower, Caroline Dingle and Jenny Oates. I have also received considerable help and guidance from many... or hormonal pathway (Sih et al., 2004a). Theoretical models have demonstrated how differences in state variables, such as body size or energy reserves, in tandem with behavioural experience, can result in consistent individual differences between foraging...

English, Sinéad

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

156

Radiation in Building Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After years of studies and experiments scientists know that Radon is everywhere but found in high concentrations particularly in rocks and soil enriched in uranium Many of these rocks and soils are treated and compacted to create everyday building materials that are found in homes in which we live and work. A new

Iap Assignment; Katharine Chu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

State Experience in Hydrogen Infrastructure in California  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Infrastructure in California Gerhard H Achtelik Jr. February 17, 2011 Hydrogen Infrastructure Market Readiness Workshop California Environmental Protection Agency Air...

158

Market orientation in schools in Harbin, China.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The findings from both schools were outlined. A comparison of the two schools was discussed in the final chapter. The key features of market orientation… (more)

Yang, Deyun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Perspectives in Fundamental Physics in Space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the fundamental principles underlying the current physical theories and the prospects of further improving their knowledge through experiments in space.

Orfeu Bertolami; Clovis Jacinto de Matos; Jean Christophe Grenouilleau; Olivier Minster; Sergio Volonte

2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Residual stresses in IN 718 Turbine Disks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

the thermally induced residual stresses in plate-like components during cooling. The plate is. 527 ... cooled down symmetrically with respect to its middle plane.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Curriculum development in Informatics in Lithuania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gilbert,D. Innovations in Teaching of Computing 2: Imporving the Quality of Teaching and Learning. Editor M Smith pp ch.5 43-50

Gilbert, D.

162

Transport in nanoscale systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In part I of the Thesis charge ordering and transport in arrays of coated semiconductor nanocrystals (quantum dot arrays) are studied. Charge ordering in dot arrays is considered by mapping the electrons on the dots onto ...

Novikov, Dmitry S., 1976-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Corrosion in Freshwater Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), pH, Langelier index (related to scale formation and corrosion), and sulfide generation are important considerations in selecting materials for service in wastewater and atmospheric service in wastewater treatment plants....

164

Logging in to Edison  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logging in Logging in to Edison Interactive Access You can log in to Edison using SSH (Secure Shell) with the following command from any UNIX, Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD, etc....

165

ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA THE ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COSTS #12;ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA THE ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COSTS Contents Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 #12;ILLEGAL LOGGING IN INDONESIA | 2 Executive Summary Indonesia's rainforests are the third

166

Trends in Exploitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSW upda te NOVEMBER 2011 Trends in Exploitation Labor Traf?Study of Women cosponsored “Trends in Exploitation: La- borand policy advocacy the trend in labor exploita- tion can be

Fardin, Halina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Groundwater monitoring in china  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Groundwater accounts for 1/3 of the water resources in China and is indispensable for water supply and ecological support in many areas, especially in North China. But unreasonable groundwater development has caused some serious geo-environment problems ...

Qingcheng He; Cai Li

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Logging in to Franklin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logging in Logging in to Franklin Interactive Access You can log in to Franklin using SSH (Secure Shell) with the following command from any UNIX, Linux, FreeBSD, etc. command...

169

Opportunities in geophysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What are the chances of a physicist finding an agreeable job in geophysics? The apparently poor prospects for jobs in academic physics led me to explore the possibilities in geophysics; this field

H. Richard Crane

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Inspection Methods in Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The work reported here lies in the area of overlap between artificial intelligence software engineering. As research in artificial intelligence, it is a step towards a model of problem solving in the domain of ...

Rich, Charles

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Corruption in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion in economists' ability to measure corruption. This in turn has led to a new generation of well-identified, microeconomic studies. We review the evidence on corruption in ...

Olken, Benjamin A.

172

Symmetries in physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of symmetries in physics is briefly reviewed. In the first part of these lecture notes, some of the basic mathematical tools needed for the understanding of symmetries in nature are presented, namely group theory, Lie groups and Lie algebras, and Noether's theorem. In the second part, some applications of symmetries in physics are discussed, ranging from isospin and flavor symmetry to more recent developments involving the interacting boson model and its extension to supersymmetries in nuclear physics.

Roelof Bijker

2005-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

173

Recent Changes in Solar Irradiance in Antarctica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant decrease in the annual sums of global irradiance reaching the surface in Antarctica, averaging ?0.28 W m?2 yr?1, was derived from an analysis of all complete years of measurement available from 12 pyranometer stations, 10 of which ...

G. Stanhill; S. Cohen

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Unnumbered in cover letter  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to pose in contrast to the occurrence of fractured, discrete sand lenses. Ongoing exploration may identify other alternatives in the future. Currently, alternative...

175

In Search of Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review: In Search of Sustainability By Jenny Goldie, BobFurnass. In Search of Sustainability. Collingwood, Victoria,the movement towards sustainability. It inevitably reflects

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

In other news  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

responders get about 30 hours of practice," said Chris Ory, with the Lab's Emergency Response Group. "This year's tasks included functioning in an actual post office in the...

177

Diffusion in Solids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 1, 1989 ... Print Book: Handbook on Material and Energy Balance Calculations in ... Print Book: Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing. Print Book: ...

178

Excursions in Chemical Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009). [118] F. A. Cotton, Chemical Applications of GroupExcursions in Chemical Dynamics by Shervin Fatehi AFall 2010 Excursions in Chemical Dynamics Copyright 2010 by

Fatehi, Shervin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Complexity in Big History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spier, Fred. “How Big History Works: Energy Flows and RiseSmil, Vaclav. Energy in World History. Boulder, CO: Westviewkg) Energy and complexity Spier: Complexity in Big History.

Spier, Fred

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Dynamic Effects in Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 2, 2011... of mutliple diagnsotics to understand the fundamental processes in ... grain Al is available in ASM Handbooks this data cannot be applied for ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Vision in Ruins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

dropping of the Atomic Bomb in the city of Hiroshima. Forthe "the Atomic Dome" in the center of the city. But rather

Dizon, Michelle Yap

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Essays in Applied Microeconomics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation consists of three studies analyzing causes and consequences of location decisions by economic agents in the U.S. In Chapter 1, I address the… (more)

Severnini, Edson Roberto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Geological Disposal in Belgium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management in the 21st Century. Presentation Title ... Metal Organic Frameworks for Clean Energy Applications.

184

Advances in Diagnostic Instrumentation  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Developments in medical imaging in the last ten years are described. Techniques include fine focus x-ray tubes, computerized tomography, emission tomography, and ultrasonography. (ACR)

Perez-Mendez, V.

1980-01-00T23:59:59.000Z

185

Focusing in Linear Accelerators  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Review of the theory of focusing in linear accelerators with comments on the incompatibility of phase stability and first-order focusing in a simple accelerator.

McMillan, E. M.

1950-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

186

Cycles in fossil diversity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions in Global Marine Diversity, Science 281, 1157-know if this cycle is a variation in true diversity or onlyin observed diversity, but either case requires explanation

Rohde, Robert A.; Muller, Richard A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

In Other News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Other News Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues submit In Other News New Lab program reinforces safety...

188

Providing Grid Flexibility in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Providing Grid Flexibility in Wyoming and Montana Introduction Powder River Energy Corporation (PRECorp) is an electric cooperative serving approximately 11,900 customers in a...

189

US Manufacturing in Context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... manufacturing firms lead the Nation in exports: The $1.3 ... 86% of all US goods exported in 2011 ... growing production of domestic natural gas, and the ...

190

Degeneracy in physics - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... Degeneracy in physics. In simple terms, it is understood that a statistical system at equilibrium tends towards its most probable state.

191

Advances in diagnostic instrumentation  

SciTech Connect

Developments in medical imaging in the last ten years are described. Techniques include fine focus x-ray tubes, computerized tomography, emission tomography, and ultrasonography. (ACR)

Perez-Mendez, V.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

QUANTUM CONVERSION IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QUANTUM CONVERSION IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvin Calvin Januaryas it occurs in modern photosynthesis can only take place inof the problem or photosynthesis, or any specific aspect of

Calvin, Melvin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Complexity in Biology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We will review some of the theoretical progresses that have been in the study of complex systems in physics and of their applications to biology.

Giorgio Parisi

1994-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

194

Nationalism in Modern Greece.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The focus of this project is the nature of nationalism viewed from different approaches and Greek nationalism in particular manifested in the support for the… (more)

Flethøj, Marie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

In other news  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In other news Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues submit In other news Community Commitment Plan renewed,...

196

In-vessel activation monitors in JET: Progress in modeling  

SciTech Connect

Activation studies were performed in JET with new in-vessel activation monitors. Though primarily dedicated to R and D in the challenging issue of lost {alpha} diagnostics for ITER, which is being addressed at JET with several techniques, these monitors provide for both neutron and charged particle fluences. A set of samples with different orientation with respect to the magnetic field is transported inside the torus by means of a manipulator arm (in contrast with the conventional JET activation system with pneumatic transport system). In this case, radionuclides with longer half-life were selected and ultralow background gamma-ray measurements were needed. The irradiation was closer to the plasma and this potentially reduces the neutron scattering problem. This approach could also be of interest for ITER, where the calibration methods have yet to be developed. The MCNP neutron transport model for JET was modified to include the activation probe and so provide calculations to help assess the new data. The neutron induced activity on the samples are well reproduced by the calculations.

Bonheure, Georges [Laboratory for Plasma Physics, Association 'Euratom-Belgian State', Avenue de la Renaissance 30, B-1000 Brussels (Belgium); Lengar, I. [Slovenian Fusion Association, Jozef Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Syme, B.; Popovichev, S. [Euratom/UKAEA Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB Oxon (United Kingdom); Wieslander, Elisabeth; Hult, Mikael; Gasparro, Joeel; Marissens, Gerd [EC-JRC-IRMM, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Retieseweg 111, B-2440 Geel (Belgium); Arnold, Dirk [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, 6.1 Radioactivity, Bundesallee 100, D-38116 Braunschweig (Germany); Laubenstein, Matthias [Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, S.S, 17/bis, km 18-910, I-67010 Assergi (Italy)

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Developments in oil shale in 1983  

SciTech Connect

Oil shale development activities continued at a somewhat restricted pace during 1983. The activities reflect the continued soft economic environment in the petroleum industry. A limited number of projects are active, and research is continuing on processes, materials handling, mining techniques, and resource evaluation. Past oil shale development papers have highlighted resources and activities in several states in the eastern and western portions of the United States. This paper highlights Australian oil shale geology and developments and Canadian oil shale geology and developments. 5 figures, 1 table.

Knutson, C.F.; Dana, G.F.; Hutton, A.C.; Macauley, G.

1984-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Transmission planning in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though China is well along in restructuring its power markets, it still has some way to travel before economic considerations receive adequate weight in transmission planning decisions. Adoption of more sophisticated tools such as multi-agent modeling will help China continue in its progress in achieving this. (author)

Dong, Jun; Zhang, Jing

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

NIST Humidity in SSD  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Humidity in the Sensor Science Division. Humidity. The Division develops, maintains, and disseminates national standards ...

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

200

Reading context in design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study explores how, in the process of design, the reading of an existing order in the organizing features of a setting potentiates form. For this purpose, a design exercise on a site in the city of Jaipur in India has ...

Agrawal, Vivek

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Graduate Certificate in Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graduate Certificate in Transportation Nohad A. Toulan School of Urban Studies and Planning of Engineering and Computer Science integrated transportation systems. The Graduate Certificate in Transportation their capabilities. Students in the program can choose among a wide range of relevant courses in transportation

Bertini, Robert L.

202

Energy News in MML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy News in MML. ... Promising alternative energy sources include biofuels, hydrogen fuels for automobiles, and photovoltaics. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

203

Nuclear spirals in galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent high-resolution observations indicate that nuclear spirals are often present in the innermost few hundred parsecs of disc galaxies. My models show that nuclear spirals form naturally as a gas response to non-axisymmetry in the gravitational potential. Some nuclear spirals take the form of spiral shocks, resulting in streaming motions in the gas, and in inflow comparable to the accretion rates needed to power local Active Galactic Nuclei. Recently streaming motions of amplitude expected from the models have been observed in nuclear spirals, confirming the role of nuclear spirals in feeding of the central massive black holes.

Witold Maciejewski

2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

204

Specialist in Industry Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a prospect of exceedingly large reserves of crude oil and natural gas in the Caspian Sea region, and a consequent large increase in the production of oil and gas from that area. Because diversity of energy sources is a consideration in Congressional deliberations on energy policy, this prospect could play a role in policy discussions. However, there are notable obstacles to increases in Caspian Sea region production of oil and gas both now and in the future that may slow development. The Caspian Sea is a 700-mile-long body of water in central Asia, landlocked

Bernard A. Gelb

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Precipitation in Spray-Formed IN 718  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Treatment of the spray formed alloy at 1025 and 1010°C led to no 6 phase in the microstructure .... partial funding of this work. References. 1. E.E. Brown and ...

206

Struts 2 in Action (In Action)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The original Struts project revolutionized Java web development and its rapid adoption resulted in the thousands of Struts-based applications deployed worldwide. Keeping pace with new ideas and trends, Apache Struts 2 has emerged as the product of a ...

Don Brown; Chad Davis; Scott Stanlick

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Environmental Radioactivity in Denmark in 1983  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; FOOD; FOOD CHAINS; GLOBAL FALLOUT; GROUND WATER; LOCAL FALLOUT; MAN; MANGANESE 54; MILK; PLANTS at Ringhals 25 4. FALLOUT NUCLIDES IN THE ABIOTIC ENVIRONMENT 33 4.1. Air 33 4 . 1 . 1 . Strontium-90 33 4 . 1

208

RADIOACTIVITY IN RAIN WATER IN BANGKOK  

SciTech Connect

In order to check the effect of nuclear explosions on the atmosphere over Bangkok, rain water was evaporated and the radioactivity of the residue obtained was counted by a G. M. counter. The result shows that the radioactivity in the rain water began to rise from the normal level since 26 September 1961, reached the maximum on 10 November 1961, and then slowly declined. Because the level of radiation remained above that of the Maximum Permissible Concentration (MPC) for only a short time, it did not constitute a health hazard. Analysis of the residue of rain water indicates that the increase in radiation is caused by the fall-out from the Russian tests of nuclear weapons in the air from September to October 1961. (auth)

Sundara-vicharana, Y.; Bhodigen, S.; Hayodom, V.

1961-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Energy in history  

SciTech Connect

This book presents the papers given at a symposium on the development of energy technologies in Czechoslovakia during the Industrial Revolution. Topics considered at the symposium included steam drive in the epoch of the Industrial Revolution, the energy crisis in the milling industry of late feudalism, the energy base of the food industry during the industrial and scientific revolution, power engineering in agriculture, and new energy in the transportation sector during the automobile revolution.

Purs, J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Nuclear Masses in Astrophysics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among all nuclear ground-state properties, atomic masses are highly specific for each particular combination of N and Z and the data obtained apply to a variety of physics topics. One of the most crucial questions to be addressed in mass spectrometry of unstable radionuclides is the one of understanding the processes of element formation in the Universe. To this end, accurate atomic mass values of a large number of exotic nuclei participating in nucleosynthesis are among the key input data in large-scale reaction network calculations. In this paper, a review on the latest achievements in mass spectrometry for nuclear astrophysics is given.

Christine Weber; Klaus Blaum; Hendrik Schatz

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

211

Advertising in computer games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper suggests advertisers should experiment with in-game advertising to gain skills that could become vital in the near future. It compiles, arranges and analyzes the existing body of academic and industry knowledge ...

Vedrashko, Ilya

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Hailstorms in Southern Saskatchewan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article represents a first attempt at a climatological investigation of the hail problem in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. Initial results from a 5-year study in southern Saskatchewan, carried out through a volunteer observing ...

Alec H. Paul

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

QUANTUM CONVERSION IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

W _7405-eng- 4B QUANTUM CONVERSION IN PHOTOSYNTHESIS Melvint r UCRL-9 533 QUANrUM CONVERSION IN PHWOSYNTHESIS * Melvinitself. The primary quantum conversion act is an ionization

Calvin, Melvin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Bats in the House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the House Name: Michelle Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: We are aware of having at least one and possibly more bats living in our attic. Recently (after they have...

215

Essays in capital markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the first chapter, I provide evidence that investment-specific technological change is a source of systematic risk. In contrast to neutral productivity shocks, the economy needs to invest to realize the benefits of ...

Papanikolaou, Dimitris, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Stuck in your throat  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stuck in your throat Name: Steve T Wera Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why is it that sometimes when you swallow, it feels as if part is stuck in the back of your...

217

In situ measurement system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multipurpose in situ underground measurement system comprising a plurality of long electrical resistance elements in the form of rigid reinforcing bars, each having an open loop hairpin configuration of shorter length than the other resistance elements. The resistance elements are arranged in pairs in a unitized structure, and grouted in place in the underground volume. Measurement means are provided for obtaining for each pair the electrical resistance of each element and the difference in electrical resistance of the paired elements, which difference values may be used in analytical methods involving resistance as a function of temperature. A scanner means sequentially connects the resistance-measuring apparatus to each individual pair of elements. A source of heating current is also selectively connectable for heating the elements to an initial predetermined temperature prior to electrical resistance measurements when used as an anemometer.

Lord, D.E.

1980-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

218

Corrosion in Commercial Aviation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...upper fuselage resulted in federal airworthiness directives, establishing requirements to prevent or control corrosion in aircraft. The Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Title 14 CFR Parts 121, 129, and 135 require that the maintenance and inspection programs include...

219

Resolving ellipsis in clarification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We offer a computational analysis of the resolution of ellipsis in certain cases of dialogue clarification. We show that this goes beyond standard techniques used in anaphora and ellipsis resolution and requires operations on highly structured, linguistically ...

Jonathan Ginzburg; Robin Cooper

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Deionization shocks in microstructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Salt transport in bulk electrolytes is limited by diffusion and advection, but in microstructures with charged surfaces (e.g., microfluidic devices, porous media, soils, or biological tissues) surface conduction and ...

Mani, Ali

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Boiling Water in Microwave  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boiling Water in Microwave A 26-year old man decided to have a cup of coffee. He took a cup of water and put it in the microwave to heat it up (something that he had done numerous...

222

Problems in medicine: hypercalcemia  

SciTech Connect

The pathophysiologic mechanisms for hypercalcemia are reviewed and a diagnostic approach to determining the cause of hypercalcemia in clinical cases in dogs and cats is recommended. 5 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab. (ACR)

Weller, R.E.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Illustrating surfaces in volume  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel framework for illustrating surfaces in a volume. Surfaces are illustrated by drawing only feature lines, such as silhouettes, valleys, ridges, and surface hatching strokes, and are embedded in volume renderings. This framework ...

Xiaoru Yuan; Baoquan Chen

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Essays in Applied Microeconomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

flexibility to firms. Thermal power plants could be builtand in capacity of thermal power plants), and ? ct is anfor the size of thermal power plants present in my sample

Severnini, Edson Roberto

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Essays in financial economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays in financial economics. Chapter 1 is entitled "Inside Debt." Existing theories advocate the use of cash and equity in executive compensation. However, recent empirical studies have ...

Edmans, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Federal participation in LEED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The federal government has been an active participant in the development and use of USGBC's Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design Green Building Rating System (LEED). This paper presents a review of this participation and some expectations for ongoing partnership.

Payne, Christopher; Dyer, Beverly

2004-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

227

South Asians in Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boston has a rich and diverse history of immigrants. Right from the arrival of the Puritans in 1628-30 who established the earliest immigrant settlements in Boston, this region has attracted immigrants from different parts ...

Masurkar, Alpita

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Transport in granular systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many situations in which a continuum view of granular systems does not fully capture the relevant mechanics. In order for engineers to be able to design systems for transporting granular materials, there needs ...

Wendell, Dawn M. (Dawn Marie), 1983-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Open Data In Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

() embedded in the SI. To avoid copyright problems in quoting this I have transcribed it as: "Angewandte Chemie [logo omitted] Supporting Information for Angew Chem Int Ed. Z52910 © Wiley-VCH 2003 69451 Weinheim, Germany" Wiley defends its copyright...

Murray-Rust, Peter

2008-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

LPG in Venezuela  

SciTech Connect

The use of LPG for domestic consumption in Venezuela began in late 1929 when LPG was imported in lots of 500 cylinders. These cylinders were then returned to the U.S. for refilling. Total consumption at that time was some 40M/sup 3/ (250 barrels) per year and by 1937 had grown to some 540M/sup 3/ (3,400 barrels) per year. Local production of LPG from gas began in the mid thirties with a small cooling plant in the Mene Grande Field in the Lake Maracaibo area, the first field to produce oil in Venezuela (1914). This plant produced gasoline for a refinery and some of the first LPG used in Venezuela for domestic consumption. The capacity of this plant was insufficient to satisfy the growing demand for LPG which was supplied from refinery production until the development of the natural gas processing industry. At the present time, Venezuelan refineries are net consumers of LPG.

Romero, O.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Essays in applied microeconomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics in applied microeconomics. In the first chapter. I investigate whether voters are more likely to support additional spending on local public services when they perceive ...

Aron-Dine, Aviva

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from various regions of Pakistan. J Coll Physicians SurgR. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Int J Dermatol. 2001cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int J

Khan, Shiraz Jamal; Muneeb, Syed

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Entrainment in Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entrainment of dry air into cumulus clouds influences the development of the clouds in a major way. The many aspects of the entrainment process are examined in this paper by critically reviewing the literature from the time when investigations ...

Alan M. Blyth

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Simplicity in interaction design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attaining simplicity is a key challenge in interaction design. Our approach relies on a minimalist design exercise to explore the communication capacity for interaction components. This approach results in expressive design solutions, useful perspectives ... Keywords: expressiveness, interface design, simplicity, usability

Angela Chang; James Gouldstone; Jamie Zigelbaum; Hiroshi Ishii

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Innovation in Materials & Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Each IMI will allow industry, academia, and government partners to leverage ... than evolutionary, in terms of performance and life-cycle energy or economic impact. ... in innovative projects and shared user facilities that bring together industry, ...

236

Essays in corporate finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays covering topics in empirical corporate finance with an emphasis on banking relationships and its effect on liquidity constraints and business growth. In particular, it investigates the ...

Drexler, Alejandro Herman

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy Use in Manufacturing  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report addresses both manufacturing energy consumption and characteristics of the manufacturing economy related to energy consumption. In addition, special sections on fuel switching capacity and energy-management activities between 1998 and 2002 are also featured in this report.

William Gifford

2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

238

Essays in development economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 looks at the empirical estimation of the welfare impacts of bargaining. Bargaining for retail goods is common in developing countries, but rare in the developed world. The welfare implications of this difference ...

Keniston, Daniel Eben

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Fields in Circle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Field circled in red shown to the right. ... roughly to the blue circle in the tool on the left. ... Spreadsheet Tool, open a spreadsheet as a tab-delimited text ...

240

Essays in monetary economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Macro Announcements: Real-Time Price Discovery in Foreignand C. Vega, 2005. Real-Time Price Discovery in Stock, Bond,price data from the Global Financial Database. Both the consensus forecast and the actual real-time

Ghent, Andra C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Agricultural Meteorology in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During nearly five weeks in China (May–June 1981), the author visited scientific institutions and experiment stations engaged in agricultural meterology and climatology research and teaching. The facilities, studies, and research programs at each ...

Norman J. Rosenberg

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Credit derivatives in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The amounts outstanding of credit derivatives have grown exponentially over the past years, and these financial intruments that allow market participants to trade credit risk have become very popular in Europe and in the ...

Rüther, Henrique

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Gramsci's Presence in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Xi Zhang (Beijing: China Social Science Press, 2000) 24.of arts and sciences in China. Notes 1. Palmiro Togliatti,to the port cities in China that were opened to foreign

Liu, Xin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Essays in financial econometrics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1 is the product of joint work with Ferhat Akbas and it provides a behavioral explanation for monthly negative serial correlation in stock returns. For the first time in the literature, this work reports that only ...

Kocatulum, Emre

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Specific light in sculpture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Specific light is defined as light from artificial or altered natural sources. The use and manipulation of light in three dimensional sculptural work is discussed in an historic and contemporary context. The author's work ...

Powell, John William

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Olive Trees in Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Olive Trees in Mexico Name: geert Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why do olive trees do not bear in Mexico's semi-arid highlands?. Ceratonia siliqua L. (carobs),...

247

In Case of Emergency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Case of Emergency In Case of Emergency Print FirePolice Emergency: ext. 7911 Cell phone or off-site: 510-486-7911 When dialing from off-site, the following numbers need to be...

248

In This Issue:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... each sample showed enrichment to approximately ... variations in commercial high-purity gallium ... Reference Materials: Uranium isotopic standard ref ...

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

249

In This Issue:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... associated with metal ore deposits, industrial waste discharges and other special and unusual environmental sites including, geothermal springs in ...

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

250

Ore components in coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dependence of the mineral content in coal and concentrates on the degree of metamorphism is analyzed.

Kh.A. Ishhakov [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kemerovo (Russian Federation). Institute of Coal and Coal Chemistry, Siberian Branch

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Motion in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We tackle the question of motion in Quantum Gravity: what does motion mean at the Planck scale? Although we are still far from a complete answer we consider here a toy model in which the problem can be formulated and resolved precisely. The setting of the toy model is three dimensional Euclidean gravity. Before studying the model in detail, we argue that Loop Quantum Gravity may provide a very useful approach when discussing the question of motion in Quantum Gravity.

Karim Noui

2010-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

252

Essays in Team Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

418. [13] Lavoie, M. , Grenier G. , Coulombe, S. , CanadianSimilarly, in hockey, Lavoie, Grenier and Coulombe (1987)

Tumlinson, Justin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Managing Uncertainty in Fracture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration ... Advancements in Nuclear Materials Research at the Idaho National Laboratory.

254

SID in the News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Helping Future Engineers Use Today's Design Plans - (NIST Tech Beat ... of Product Model Data (STEP) in Transportation Equipment Industries. ...

2013-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

255

Future Electronics in CNST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Electronic Transport in Nanoscale Organic/Inorganic Devices. ... for graphene, nanophotonic, nanoplasmonic, spintronic, and other future electronics. ...

2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electroluminescence in photovoltaic cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Here we propose two methods to get electroluminescence images from photovoltaic cells in a school or home lab.

Petraglia, Antonio; 10.1088/0031-9120/46/5/F01

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Science Activities in Biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Activities in Biomass Curriculum: Biomass Power (organic chemistry, genetics, distillation, agriculture, chemicalcarbon cycles, climatology, plants and energy resources...

258

Kilogram prototype in Paris  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Unit of mass (kilogram). This international prototype, made ... 1st CGPM in 1889. Photograph courtesy of © BIPM. Return to kilogram.

259

Energy Conservation in Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Energy Conservation in Metals. Sponsorship, The Minerals, Metals and ...

260

Developments in Leach Testing  

Characterization of reuse materials •….Recent National Academy of Science (NAS) report on CCR use in mine filling stated that full

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Nanotechnology News in MML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... CFEB "Rookie of the Year" Award Winner. Defect in Graphene May Present Bouquet of Possibilities. ... Graphene: What Can Go Wrong? ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

262

Assessing Microgen in Canada  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... certifications in Canada ? Integration with radiant floor heating and Latento XXL thermal storage tank with aquastat CHP controller ...

2012-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

263

News in EL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST Measurement Advance Could Speed Innovation in Solar Devices. ... NIST and French Lab to Study Weathering of Advanced Composites for ...

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

264

Institutionalizing HCI in Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we investigate the problems and potential solutions to the effective establishment of HCI and usability in India and China. Our discussion is motivated by five years of collaboration with relevant bodies in both countries through EU-funded ... Keywords: China, India, cross-cultural usability, institutionalization

Andy Smith; Anirudha Joshi; Zhengjie Liu; Liam Bannon; Jan Gulliksen; Christina Li

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Thermal masses in leptogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the validity of using thermal masses in the kinematics of final states in the decay rate of heavy neutrinos in leptogenesis calculations. We find that using thermal masses this way is a reasonable approximation, but corrections arise through quantum statistical distribution functions and leptonic quasiparticles.

Kiessig, Clemens P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Trust in health infomediaries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Health infomediaries play an increasingly critical role in providing support for people's health and wellness decisions. Effectiveness of health infomediaries depends on people's trust in them. In this paper, we conceptualize a comprehensive synthesis ... Keywords: Health infomediary, Information quality, Risk belief, System quality, Trust, Trust beliefs, Trust signs

Jaeki Song; Fatemeh "Mariam" Zahedi

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Freckle Formation in Superalloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

production of freckling in superalloy castings, made directionally in a Bridgemau furnace capable of producing DS castings in which the ..... developed by UES Inc. , Dayton, OH, USA. 14. ... Alloys for Gas Turbines 1986”, eds. W. Betz et al, .... # Oil. #009. 1435. 1435. 1500. 1500. 1400. 1465. 1400. 1465. 1400. 1435. 1500.

268

The cartel in retreat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 1981, the price of oil was $34 in current dollars ($50 at 1992 price levels). The consensus was that it would keep rising toward the cost of synthetic crude oil or some such long-run ceiling. In fact, the cartel had ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Complementation in abstract interpretation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reduced product of abstract domains is a rather well-known operation for domain composition in abstract interpretation. In this article, we study its inverse operation, introducing a notion of domain complementation in abstract interpretation. Complementation ... Keywords: abstract domain, abstract interpretation, closure operator, complementation, functional and logic programming, program analysis

Agostino Cortesi; Gilberto Filé; Francesco Ranzato; Roberto Giacobazzi; Catuscia Palamidessi

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

In this issue  

SciTech Connect

The following topics are discussed in this issue: (1) review of a decade of research in plasma studies at Cornell, (2) reaching ignition temperature in a controlled thermonuclear reactor, (3) heating toroidal plasmas with electron beams, (4) new sources of very high power, and (5) an ion ring bottle for a fusion reactor. (MOW)

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Aging in community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Baby Boomers are on the brink of retirement. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, the number of people aged 65 and over will more than double in the coming decades, growing from 35 million in 2000 to 72 million in ...

Fay, Justin (Justin Thomas)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Stochastic cooling in RHIC  

SciTech Connect

After the success of longitudinal stochastic cooling of bunched heavy ion beam in RHIC, transverse stochastic cooling in the vertical plane of Yellow ring was installed and is being commissioned with proton beam. This report presents the status of the effort and gives an estimate, based on simulation, of the RHIC luminosity with stochastic cooling in all planes.

Brennan,J.M.; Blaskiewicz, M. M.; Severino, F.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

273

Emergent gravity in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reconsider monolayer graphene in the presence of elastic deformations. It is described by the tight - binding model with varying hopping parameters. We demonstrate, that the fermionic quasiparticles propagate in the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry and in the presence of the emergent U(1) gauge field. Both emergent geometry and the gauge field are defined by the elastic deformation of graphene.

M. A. Zubkov; G. E. Volovik

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

274

Emergent gravity in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reconsider monolayer graphene in the presence of elastic deformations. It is described by the tight - binding model with varying hopping parameters. We demonstrate, that the fermionic quasiparticles propagate in the emergent 2D Weitzenbock geometry and in the presence of the emergent U(1) gauge field. Both emergent geometry and the gauge field are defined by the elastic deformation of graphene.

Zubkov, M A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Invariant generation in vampire  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a loop invariant generator implemented in the theorem prover Vampire. It is based on the symbol elimination method proposed by two authors of this paper. The generator accepts a program written in a subset of C, finds loops in it, ...

Kryštof Hoder; Laura Kovács; Andrei Voronkov

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Digital inclusion in Chilean in rural schools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes conditions for improving digital inclusion in Chilean rural schools, using a multidimensional definition of digital divide. Using qualitative and quantitative data, we focus on teacher's skills, access to communication, Internet connection ... Keywords: digital divide, internet, rural schools, teachers

Jaime Sánchez

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Ferromagnetism in Oxide Semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

In order to become a practical technology, semiconductor spintronics requires the discovery and utilization of ferromagnetic semiconductors which exhibit spin polarization in the majority carrier band at and above room temperature. Intrinsic remanent magnetization would allow spin polarized currents to be propagated in such materials without the need for a continuous magnetic field. However, the discovery and understanding of such materials is proving to be a grand challenge in solid-state science. Indeed, one of the 125 critical unanswered scientific questions recently posed in Science magazine asks, “Is it possible to create magnetic semiconductors that work at room temperature?”

Chambers, Scott A.; Droubay, Timothy; Wang, Chong M.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Heald, Steve M.; Schwartz, S. A.; Kittilstved, Kevin R.; Gamelin, Daniel R.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Inflation in a Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a given path with multiple branches, in principle, it can be expected that there are some fork points, where one branch is bifurcated into different branches, or various branches converge into one or several branches. In this paper, it is showed that if there is a web formed by such branches in a given field space, in which each branch can be responsible for a period of slow roll inflation, a multiverse separated by domain wall network will come into being, some of which might corresponds to our observable universe. We discuss this scenario and show possible observations of a given observer at late time.

Sheng Li; Yang Liu; Yun-Song Piao

2009-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

279

Reforms in Nepal POLITICAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilli Raj Khanal, Founder Chairman of IPRAD, is a well-known economist with specialization in Macroeconomics and public policy. After beginning professional career as a teacher at Bhaktapur Campus in 1977, he worked in National Planning Commission for some years. He received PhD in economics from the University of Rajasthan, Jaipur, India. He has been engaged in research and policy analysis for the last twenty-five years. He has worked as national as well as international consultant for many international

Dilli Raj Khanal; Pushpa Raj Rajkarnikar; Keshav Prasad Acharya; Dilli Ram Upreti; Dilli Raj Khanal, Ph.D.; Pushpa Raj Rajkarnikar, Ph.D.; Keshav Prasad Acharya; Dilli Ram Upreti

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Small Particles in Cirrus  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Particles in Cirrus Particles in Cirrus Because the reflective properties of ice crystals in cirrus clouds can greatly influence the amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth, scientists use information about the shape and size of ice crystals as input to climate models. These data are obtained by satellite instruments, ground-based sensors, and research aircraft equipped with probes. However, notable discrepancies among these measurements have led to considerable uncertainty in how to represent these properties in climate models. From December 2009 through April 2010, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility will sponsor the use of an instrumented aircraft to obtain the most comprehensive set of measurements of ice crystals in cirrus clouds yet obtained. In conjunction with

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Bird Protection in Illinois  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protection in Illinois Protection in Illinois Nature Bulletin No. 550-A January 18, 1975 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation BIRD PROTECTION IN ILLINOIS Very few people are indifferent about birds. Almost every bird is the feathered friend of somebody or some organization ready to do battle in its behalf. At present, in Illinois, songbirds and most other wild birds, together with their nests and eggs, are completely protected by law at all times. A few kinds, called game birds, may be shot by hunters -- pheasants and quail, also migratory ducks, geese, coots, jacksnipes, woodcocks, and doves. Such hunting must be done with shotguns in certain places in certain open seasons with many other detailed restrictions. Now, even crow hunters are licensed. The only unprotected birds are those three immigrants or exotics: the English sparrow, the European starling and the "domestic " pigeon. These, too, have their friends .

282

Geothermal development in Australia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In Australia, natural hot springs and hot artesian bores have been developed for recreational and therapeutic purposes. A district heating system at Portland, in the Otway Basin of western Victoria, has provided uninterrupted service for 12 Sears without significant problems, is servicing a building area of 18 990 m{sup 2}, and has prospects of expansion to manufacturing uses. A geothermal well has provided hot water for paper manufacture at Traralgon, in the Gippsland Basin of eastern Victoria. Power production from hot water aquifers was tested at Mulka in South Australia, and is undergoing a four-year production trial at Birdsville in Queensland. An important Hot Dry Rock resource has been confirmed in the Cooper Basin. It has been proposed to build an HDR experimental facility to test power production from deep conductive resources in the Sydney Basin near Muswellbrook.

Burns, K.L. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Creelman, R.A. [Creelman (R.A.) and Associates, Sydney, NSW (Australia); Buckingham, N.W. [Glenelg Shire Council, Portland, VIC (Australia); Harrington, H.J. [Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)]|[Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Hydrogen in compound semiconductors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress in the understanding of hydrogen and its interactions in III/V and II/VI compound semiconductors is reviewed. Donor, acceptor and deep level passivation is well established in III/V compounds based on electrical measurements and on spectroscopic studies. The hydrogen donor levels in GaAs and GaP are estimated to lie near E{sub v}+0.5 eV and E{sub v}+0.3 eV, respectively. Arsenic acceptors have been passivated by hydrogen in CdTe and the very first nitrogen-hydrogen local vibrational model spectra in ZnSe have been reported. This long awaited result may lead to an explanation for the poor activation of nitrogen acceptors in ZnSe grown by techniques which involve high concentrations of hydrogen.

Haller, E.E.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

LHS 2803B: A VERY WIDE MID-T DWARF COMPANION TO AN OLD M DWARF IDENTIFIED FROM PAN-STARRS1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the discovery of a wide ({approx}1400 AU projected separation), common proper motion companion to the nearby M dwarf LHS 2803 (PSO J207.0300-13.7422). This object was discovered during our census of the local T dwarf population using Pan-STARRS1 and Two Micron All Sky Survey data. Using the Infrared Telescope Facility/SpeX near-infrared spectroscopy, we classify the secondary to be spectral type T5.5. University of Hawaii 2.2 m/SuperNova Integral Field Spectrograph optical spectroscopy indicates that the primary has a spectral type of M4.5, with approximately solar metallicity and no measurable H{alpha} emission. We use this lack of activity to set a lower age limit for the system of 3.5 Gyr. Using a comparison with chance alignments of brown dwarfs and nearby stars, we conclude that the two objects are unlikely to be a chance association. The primary's photometric distance of 21 pc and its proper motion implies thin disk kinematics. Based on these kinematics and its metallicity, we set an upper age limit for the system of 10 Gyr. Evolutionary model calculations suggest that the secondary has a mass of 72{+-}{sup 4}{sub 7} M{sub Jup}, temperature of 1120 {+-} 80 K, and log g = 5.4 {+-} 0.1 dex. Model atmosphere fitting to the near-IR spectrum gives similar physical parameters of 1100 K and log g = 5.0.

Deacon, Niall R. [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Liu, Michael C.; Magnier, Eugene A.; Bowler, Brendan P.; Mann, Andrew W.; Burgett, William S.; Chambers, Ken C.; Kaiser, Nick; Kudritzki, Rolf-Peter; Morgan, Jeff S.; Tonry, John L.; Wainscoat, Richard J. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Redstone, Joshua A. [Facebook, 1601 Willow Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Hodapp, Klaus W. [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 640 North Aohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Price, Paul A., E-mail: deacon@mpia.de [Princeton University Observatory, 4 Ivy Lane, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

285

Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India Title Gauging Improvements in Urban Building Energy Policy in India Publication Type Conference Proceedings Year of...

286

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries Title DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries Publication Type Report...

287

Regulation and Moral Hazard in Forest Concessions in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Forest Concessions in Brazil. Planejamento e Políticaswelfare maximization in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: IPEA, 1998.in Forest Concessions in Brazil Eduardo A. Tillmann MS.

Balbinotto Neto, Giácomo; Tillmann, Eduardo A; Ratnieks, Ianes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Spintronics in antiferromagnets  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic domains and the walls between are the subject of great interest because of the role they play in determining the electrical properties of ferromagnetic materials and as a means of manipulating electron spin in spintronic devices. However, much less attention has been paid to these effects in antiferromagnets, primarily because there is less awareness of their existence in antiferromagnets, and in addition they are hard to probe since they exhibit no net magnetic moment. In this paper, we discuss the electrical properties of chromium, which is the only elemental antiferromagnet and how they depend on the subtle arrangement of the antiferromagnetically ordered spins. X-ray measurement of the modulation wavevector Q of the incommensurate antiferromagnetic spin-density wave shows thermal hysteresis, with the corresponding wavelength being larger during cooling than during warming. The thermal hysteresis in the Q vector is accompanied with a thermal hysteresis in both the longitudinal and Hall resistivity. During cooling, we measure a larger longitudinal and Hall resistivity compared with when warming, which indicates that a larger wavelength at a given temperature corresponds to a smaller carrier density or equivalently a larger antiferromagnetic ordering parameter compared to a smaller wavelength. This shows that the arrangement of the antiferromagnetic spins directly influences the transport properties. In thin films, the sign of the thermal hysteresis for Q is the same as in thick films, but a distinct aspect is that Q is quantized.

Soh, Yeong-Ah; Kummamuru, Ravi K. (ICL); (Dartmouth)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Parton Distributions in Hadrons  

SciTech Connect

We use the statistical model of Zhang et al. to calculate parton distributions in hadrons. The model does reasonably well in predicting the distributions of partons in the proton, including the (d-bar - u-bar) excess in the proton sea. We extend the model to calculate quark and gluon distributions in the pion, kaon, and the pentaquark. The hadrons are described in terms of quark and gluon Fock states. Detailed balance between each pair of states is assumed, from which the coefficients of the Fock state expansion are determined. The parton distribution functions are found in the hadron rest frame from a Monte Carlo calculation. The results are evolved to appropriate QCD scales for comparison with experiment. Despite its simplicity, the model is in good agreement with the experimentally measured distributions of partons in the pion and kaon. This project has included significant participation by undergraduates at Seattle University, made possible by support from the Research in Undergraduate Institutions Program of the National Science Foundation.

Alberg, Mary [Department of Physics, Seattle University, Seattle, WA 98122 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Henley, Ernest M. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

290

Volunteer corn in soybeans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volunteer corn is a highly visible weed in Nebraska soybean fields. Most soybean fields in the state are affected to some degree. The problem generally is worse in fields that receive tillage during the spring. We are concerned that soybean producers are not adequately considering the negative consequences of uncontrolled volunteer corn growth in soybean. Impact of volunteer corn on soybean yield Volunteer corn is an extremely competitive weed in soybean. It grows taller than soybean early in the season, and in addition to shading surrounding soybean plants, it competes for nutrient and water resources. The yield effect of volunteer corn depends on its density. South Dakota State University conducted studies in 2007 and 2008 where they established volunteer corn densities of 0 up to 17,800 plants/A in soybean (Alms et al. 2008). The corn was allowed to compete for the entire growing season and soybean yields were measured. A density of 5,000 volunteers/A reduced soybean yield approximately 20%, or a 12 bu/A yield loss in 60 bu/A soybean. With a density of 5,000 plants/A, there would be a volunteer corn

Mark Bernards; Lowell S; Bob Wright

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Thermodynamics of ATP in Solution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermodynamics of ATP in Solution. Summary: ... Computations of the thermodynamics of biomolecules in solution are rare in the literature. ...

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

292

Oxygen in Underwater Cave  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen in Underwater Cave Oxygen in Underwater Cave Name: Natalie Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: HI Country: USA Date: Spring 2011 Question: Is it possible for there to be free oxygen in an underwater cave? If it is, then how does it work? Replies: Yes it is possible as I have personally experienced. If the cave roof rises to a level above the water, air dissolved in the water will slowly out gas until the water is at the same level at all places. A pocket of breathable air will form. In many caves the roof dips below water level in one place but it above it on both sides. Think of a U shaped tube where the bottom of the U is blocked by water. This is called a siphon and I have passed through many of these to find breathable air on the other side. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology

293

Making Carbon in Stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The triple alpha process plays an important role in the production of 12C in stars. Its rate is known with an accuracy of about 12%. We examine the corresponding uncertainties introduced in the description of pre-supernova stars, of nucleosynthesis in a core-collapse SN explosion, and of the production of 12C during the third dredge-up in asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars. For the AGB case we consider also the effects of uncertainties in the 14N(p,gamma)15O rate. We conclude that the present accuracy of the triplr alpha rate is inadequate and describe new experiments that will lead to a more accurate value.

Sam M. Austin

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

Holographic Noise in Interferometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General arguments based on black hole physics suggest the possibility of a new kind of indeterminacy in the relative position of bodies in spacetime, corresponding to the diffraction limit of Planck wavelength radiation. Suitably designed instruments should display a new phenomenon, a randomly varying shear in relative position, with a flat power spectral density at low frequencies given approximately by the Planck time, and with no other parameters. An effective theory is presented to connect fundamental theory with macroscopic phenomena, such as the statistical properties of noise in signals of interferometers. A theory of spacetime wavefunctions based on the paraxial wave equation with a carrier wave at the Planck frequency, or equivalently a Schrodinger wave equation, is motivated by a particular interpretation of Matrix theory in the macroscopic limit. A model based on gaussian-beam solutions of this equation is used to derive formulas in the time and frequency domain for autocorrelation of beamsplitter ...

Hogan, Craig J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

In Other News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Other News In Other News Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit In Other News LANL employee chosen for "Frontiers of Engineering" Symposium; 16th Annual Hazmat Challenge strengthens response skills. September 1, 2012 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email LANL Employee Chosen for "Frontiers of Engineering" Symposium Only 78 of the nation's brightest young engineers were selected to participate in the 18th Annual U.S. Frontiers in Engineering symposium, and Nathan Moody, who works for the Lab's High Power Electrodynamics group in the Accelerator Operations and Technology Division, will be one of them.

296

Entanglement in neutrino oscillations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flavor oscillations in elementary particle physics are related to multi-mode entanglement of single-particle states. We show that mode entanglement can be expressed in terms of flavor transition probabilities, and therefore that single-particle entangled states acquire a precise operational characterization in the context of particle mixing. We treat in detail the physically relevant cases of two- and three-flavor neutrino oscillations, including the effective measure of CP violation. We discuss experimental schemes for the transfer of the quantum information encoded in single-neutrino states to spatially delocalized two-flavor charged lepton states, thus showing, at least in principle, that single-particle entangled states of neutrino mixing are legitimate physical resources for quantum information tasks.

Massimo Blasone; Fabio Dell'Anno; Silvio De Siena; Fabrizio Illuminati

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

297

Antiparticle creation in tunneling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study particle interaction with a Dirac step potential. In the standard Klein energy zone, the hypothesis of Klein pair production predicts the existence of free/oscillatory antiparticles. In this paper, we discuss the tunneling energy zone characterized by evanescent wave functions in the classically forbidden region. We ask the question of the nature, particle or antiparticle, of the densities within the classically forbidden region. The answer to this question is relevant to the correct form of the reflection coefficient.

Stefano De Leo; Pietro Rotelli

2013-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

298

Oscillations in quasineutral plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this article is to describe the limit, as the vacuum electric permittivity goes to zero, of a plasma physics system, deduced from the Vlasov-Poisson system for special initial data (distribution functions which are analytic in the space variable, with compact support in velocity), a limit also called {open_quotes}quasineutral regime{close_quotes} of the plasma, and the related oscillations of the electric field, with high frequency in time. 20 refs.

Grenier, E. [Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris (France)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Drilling in the Rockies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite rugged drilling conditions and high drilling costs, rig employment and drilling operations in the Rocky Mountain region of the Overthrust Belt have increased significantly since 1979. Rate of rig employment, well depths, and number of operating companies and contractors in the area are reported. By October 1980, more than 500 active rigs were working in the region, 30% more than were working during the entirety of 1979. (3 photos)

Peacock, D.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Frontiers in Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This rapporteur review covers selected results presented in the Parallel Session HEA2 (High Energy Astrophysics 2) of the 10th Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General Relativity, held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 2003. The subtopics are: ultra high energy cosmic ray anisotropies, the possible connection of these energetic particles with powerful gamma ray bursts, and new exciting scenarios with a strong neutrino-nucleon interaction in the atmosphere.

Luis A. Anchordoqui; Charles D. Dermer; Andreas Ringwald

2004-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Parastillation Process in Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Parastillation process is a new method for multi-stage, counter-current contact between vapor and liquid that results in 33% more ideal stages than distillation for a given tray spacing. Patents have been granted in the U.S.A., U.K., Europe and other countries. Performance of the process has been confirmed over the past several years by computer simulation, by laboratory tests and in commercial installations.

Canfield, F.; Jenkins, O.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE IN BIOLOGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

published in Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. ) 51. D.PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE IN BIOLOGY G. M. Androes and Melvinparamagnetic resonance in biology is presented, including a

Androes, G.M.; Calvin, Melvin.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

In other news  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have: A demonstrated track record of diversifying the economy in one or more of these rural counties An implemented long-term sustainability strategy Proven and diverse community...

304

Ergonomics in the Biosciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

user facility in support of the DOE missions: bioenergy,bioenergy carbon cycling, and bioremediation.Mission Relevance Bioenergy Carbon Cycling Biogeochemistry

Janowitz, Ira

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Progress in colloid propulsion.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the early decades of the Space Age, a great deal of work was put into the development of the Colloid Thruster as an electric… (more)

López Urdiales, Jóse Mariano, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Advances in ICME Education  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cyber-Enabled Materials Simulations via NanoHUB.org · ICME in Transport Phenomena for Materials Processing · Interactive Two-Dimensional Simulations as ...

307

Efficiency in distribution.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??   The environmental aspect of transportation has got a lot of attention over the past years. It has its origin in the growing awareness… (more)

Lindholm Johnsson, Anton

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Scattering in an environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross section of elastic electron-proton scattering taking place in an electron gas is calculated within the Closed Time Path method. It is found to be the sum of two terms, one being the expression in the vacuum except that it involves dressing due to the electron gas. The other term is due to the scattering particles-electron gas entanglement. This term dominates the usual one when the exchange energy is in the vicinity of the Fermi energy. Furthermore it makes the trajectories of the colliding particles more consistent and the collision more irreversible, rendering the scattering more classical in this regime.

Janos Polonyi; Karima Zazoua

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

309

Wildlife in Chicago  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

650 October 7, 1961 650 October 7, 1961 Forest Preserve District of Cook County John J. Duffy, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist WILDLIFE IN CHICAGO Few people realize that there is enough native wildlife worth mentioning in roaring, jam-packed Chicago, nor that very much of it is left in its fringe of adjoining suburbs. Surprisingly, this is not the case. Just as rural people become accustomed to urban life, some wild birds and mammals have adjusted to city life and are holding their own. A few kinds seem to be more numerous in parts of metropolitan Chicago than they were in those same areas a hundred years ago. The white-tailed deer, long extinct in this part of Illinois, is on the increase in the Chicago region. In recent winters two of them, perhaps chased by dogs, were rescued from the ice on the lake front -- one at Jackson Park and the other in the Calumet region.

310

Innovations in Nuclear Infrastructure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovations in Nuclear Infrastructure Innovations in Nuclear Infrastructure and Education (INIE) Innovations in Nuclear Infrastructure and Education (INIE) Presented to the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee Crystal City, Virginia John Gutteridge Director, University Programs Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology September 30 - October 1, 2002 Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology Gutteridge/Sep-Oct_02 INIE-NERAC.ppt (2) INIE The Stimuli .... INIE The Stimuli .... 6 Declining number of operating university research/training reactors 6 Dwindling student population in nuclear engineering 6 Closing or loss of identity of university nuclear engineering programs 6 Looming shortage of nuclear engineering graduates 6 Threat of additional reactor closures -- Cornell, Michigan, MIT

311

Magnetic Order in Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Intrinsically Localized Mode in a-uranium as a Precursor to a Solid-state Phase Transition, ME Manley, JW Lynn, Y. Chen, and GH Lander, Phys. ...

312

Algae biofuels in Texas.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Texas – the energy center of the world – is emerging as a pioneer in algae biodiesel research and production. There are a number of… (more)

Salpekar, Ashwini

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Windenergiepotentiale in Mittelhessen.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Windenergie steht als regenerative Energie weltweit zur freien Verfügung. Dieses Potential wird in Deutschland dynamisch erschlossen. Für die Ausweisung geeigneter Standorte zur Nutzung von Windenergie… (more)

Braun, Paul

314

Materials Research in Microgravity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2011... experiments include drop tubes and towers that provide seconds of ... Dendrite Growth into Undercooled Melts: Investigated on Earth and in ...

315

Essays in Corporate Finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to restate their financial statements, does the informationguilty of lying in the financial statements. After SOX, thein a company’s earlier financial statements due to fraud,

Syron, Erin Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

In The News Feed  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

omputing-past-present-and-future August 15, 2013 In The News Feed Solar power to trump shale, helped by US military http:www.telegraph.co.ukfinancecomment...

317

Innovations in Manufacturing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

> Thrust Areas Research Carbon Fiber and Composites Innovation in Carbon Fiber Production Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Low-Cost Carbon Fiber work is focused on reducing...

318

Birds in Winter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

some of them in considerable number. Crow Bluejay Tree sparrow Evening grosbeak Herring gull Junco Goldfinch Horned lark Pheasant Black-capped chickadee Redpoll Cardinal...

319

Gravity in Gauge Mediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate O'Raifeartaigh-type models for F-term supersymmetry breaking in gauge mediation scenarios in the presence of gravity. It is pointed out that the vacuum structure of those models is such that in metastable vacua gravity mediation contribution to scalar masses is always suppressed to the level below 1 percent, almost sufficient for avoiding FCNC problem. Close to that limit, gravitino mass can be in the range 10-100 GeV, opening several interesting possibilities for gauge mediation models, including Giudice-Masiero mechanism for mu and Bmu generation. Gravity sector can include stabilized moduli.

Zygmunt Lalak; Stefan Pokorski; Krzysztof Turzynski

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

320

Transport in PEMFC Stacks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information September 30 th 2009 Washington, DC 1 Transport in PEMFC Stacks Cortney Mittelsteadt Bryn McPheeters This...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Dancing in the ashes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The following novel is the third draft of my creative thesis entitled Dancing in the Ashes . It is an exploration of the Detroit rave… (more)

Malesh, Vytautas Adolph

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Transport and Pathogenicity of Salmonella enterica Subspecies in Groundwater: In vitro, in vivo, and in silico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their implications for bacterial transport. Colloid Surf. A-Implications for transport through porous media. Environ.observations on bacterial transport in a coastal plain

Haznedaroglu, Berat Zeki

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Megatrends in Manufacturing IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many analysis techniques are now available that allow for different trade-offs in ... make anything if the funds are unlimited," but this is not a practical scenario.

324

Small Cars In Neighborhoods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sperling, quoted in “Electric Car Goals Called Feasible,”automobile- like electric cars; a much longer and morethose eligible to own electric cars. Because the (eventually

Bosselmann, Peter C.; Cullinane, Daniel; Garrison, William L.; Maxey, Carl M.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Aging in American Convents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schuster. Snowdon, David 2001 Aging with Grace: What the Nunreligion, devotion, and aging. CSW JAN09 update tocAging in American Convents FIELDWORK REPORT by Anna I.

Corwin, Anna I.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

LPG in Mexico  

SciTech Connect

The authors review LPG in Mexico. They attempt to project numbers to the year 2000 using a supply/demand comparison.

Miles, E.L.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Networks in Cognitive Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networks of interconnected nodes have long played a key role in cognitive science, from artificial neural networks to spreading activation models of semantic memory. Recently, however, a new Network Science has been developed, providing insights into the emergence of global, system-scale properties in contexts as diverse as the Internet, metabolic reactions or collaborations among scientists. Today, the inclusion of network theory into cognitive sciences, and the expansion of complex systems science, promises to significantly change the way in which the organization and dynamics of cognitive and behavioral processes are understood. In this paper, we review recent contributions of network theory at different levels and domains within the cognitive sciences.

Baronchelli, Andrea; Pastor-Satorras, Romualdo; Chater, Nick; Christiansen, Morten H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Materials in Medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solidification Advances · The Solidification of Methane Hydrate · **Synthesis and Processing of Abrasives as Industrial Ceramics: Prof. M. C. Flemings' Role in ...

329

Aluminum in Transportation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Aluminum in Transportation: Case Study of the Development of a ... The unit was entirely redesigned using aluminum and based on the future

330

General Issues in Microelectronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013... of Industrial Technology; 3Korea Institute of Industrial Technology; ... a reductive atmosphere (200°C, H2 / N2 atmosphere) in a reflow oven.

331

Impurity transport in tokamaks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A review is given of the principle results of the neoclassical theory of impurity transport in tokamaks, emphasizing those collisionality regimes of most practical interest. Some new results are given for the case where there are several different impurity species present at the same time, with both hydrogenic and impurity ions in the Pfirsch--Schlueter regime. The rate at which an impuritiy ion is transported into a plasma, and the radiation from it, are strongly dependent on the mean level of ionization (Z). An atomic physics code package, based on an ''average ion'' model is used to assess the validity of the ''coronal equilibrium'' assumption commonly made to determine (Z); coronal equilibrium is found to be a poor approximation for heavy metallic impurities in small present-day tokamaks, but its validity is much improved in larger devices, except perhaps in the edge region of the plasma. The computations are compared with the results obtained in an impurity injection experiment in the ATC tokamak. In practice, the most appropriate impurity transport model would be a combination of neoclassical transport and anomalous diffusion, with the magnitude of the anomalous diffusion coefficient chosen to give agreement with observed hydrogenic particle confinement times. Computations of oxygen impurities in the edge region of a tokamak plasma, on the basis of this model, show that only a fraction (typically 0.2 to 0.6) of an incident flux of neutral impurities actually penetrates into the main part of the discharge.

Rutherford, P.H.; Hirshman, S.P.; Jensen, R.; Post, D.E.; Seidl, F.G.P.

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Nonlocal Condensates in QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the presence of the nontrivial QCD ground state or vacuum, nonlocal condensates are used to characterize the quark or gluon propagator, or other Green functions of higher order. In this paper, we wish to show that, by taking the large $N_c$ limit (with $N_c$ the number of color) in treating higher-order condensates, a closed set of coupled differential equations may be derived for nonlocal condensates. As a specific example, the leading-order equations for the nonlocal condensates appearing in the quark propagator are derived and explicit solutions are obtained. Some applications of our analytical results are briefly discussed.

W-Y. P. Hwang

1997-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

333

Computer Forensics In Forensis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.N. In Proceedings of CMAD IV: Computer Misuse and Anomaly4] J. P. Anderson. Computer Security Threat Monitoring andof the Fifth Annual Computer Security Applications

Peisert, Sean; Bishop, Matt; Marzullo, Keith

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Energy News in PML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy News in PML. < Previous 1 2 Next ». CT calorimetry. Circuit Board Materials May Like It Hot (or Not). Compact High ...

2011-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

335

Neutrons in Biology, ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Phone: 865.241.2897 SNS Logo HFIR Logo General Information The unique potential of neutron scattering in structural...

336

Neutrons in Biology, ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Phone: 865.576.2779 SNS Logo HFIR Logo General Information The unique potential of neutron scattering in structural...

337

Neutrons in Biology, ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Phone: 865.241.5176 SNS Logo HFIR Logo General Information The unique potential of neutron scattering in structural...

338

Confusion in Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a long time now, confusion has existed in the minds of many over the meaning of various concepts in thermodynamics. Recently, this point has been brought to people's attention by two articles appearing on the well-known archive (arxiv) web site. The content of these two pieces serves to illustrate many of the problems and has occasioned the construction of this answer to at least some of them. The position of the axiom proposed by Carath\\'eodory is central in this matter and here its position is clarified and secured within the framework of thermodynamics. In particular, its relation to the First Law is examined and justified.

Jeremy Dunning-Davies; David Sands

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

339

In-Service Care  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 31   Typical methods of cleansing stainless steel surfaces...(b) In all applications, stainless steel wool, a

340

The Year in Patents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on its inventions when a patent would increase ... Although patents are issued in the name of ... for negotiating the licensing of patented NIST technology ...

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nobel Prize in Chemistry  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

life. The research by all three winners was conducted in part at the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory. Ramakrishnan and Steitz research was also...

342

Hard physics in PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review recent results on hard observables in p+p, d+A and A+A collisions obtained by the PHENIX experiment. Emphasis is put on those measurements that provide insight into the properties of hot QCD media expected to be created in nucleus-nucleus collisions at RHIC energies. Direct photon spectra, jet properties and heavy quarks production measured in p+p and d+Au collisions are compared to the same observables extracted in heavy ion collisions to find modifications due to the presence of hot QCD matter.

D. Peressounko; for the PHENIX collaboration

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

343

Elasticity in physics - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 24, 2003 ... Elasticity as a mathematical concept finds its origin in mechanical physics. Mechanical physics describes macroscopic features of the universe, ...

344

Studies in Historia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Studies • Historia In This dissertation is submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, by Eirikur Smari Sigurdarson Darwin College To my grandfather, Ein'kur Axel J6nsson 1919-2002. OA.~LOS' oO"TlS' T~S' LO"TopLaS' EO"XE IlU8Tj... of living nature, the sublunary world, in the cosmology of Aristotle and Theophrastus. In the Conclusion I briefly pull together some of the main threads of the dissertation. Introduction Alle Begriffe, in denen sich ein ganzer ProcefJ semiotisch...

Sigurðarson, Eiríkur Smári

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

345

Buddhism in Nepal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BUDDHISM IN NEPAL -NALINAKSHA DUTT The dictum of Gautama Buddha, soon after his enlightenment, "Wander forth, Ye 0 Monks, for the good of many, for the happiness of many" ("~If f~Cfi't((~ ;:rfv.t ~~f~ffi'lJ ori~;;~~1lf) seems to have impired... ecclesiasticcs who were attached to both vehicles22• The kings of Nepal were Ksatriya Licchavis, and they were eminent scholars, believing in Buddhism. In Nepal-mahatmya, ... ppears the line ~'!J $;(;': sr+ll!J1'fa (There the Buddha predominates) while in a...

Dutt, Nalinaksha

1966-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

346

Dynamic Chirality in Nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The possible chiral interpretation of twin bands in odd-odd nuclei was investigated in the Interacting Boson Fermion-Fermion Model. The analysis of the wave functions has shown that the possibility for angular momenta of the valence proton, neutron and core to find themselves in the favorable, almost orthogonal geometry is present, but not dominant. Such behaviour is found to be similar in nuclei where both the level energies and the electromagnetic decay properties display the chiral pattern, as well as in those where only the energies of the corresponding levels in the twin bands are close together. The difference in the structure of the two types of chiral candidates nuclei can be attributed to different beta and gamma fluctuations, induced by the exchange boson-fermion interaction of the Interacting Boson Fermion-Fermion Model. In both cases the chirality is weak and dynamic. The existence of doublets of bands in {sup 134}Pr can be attributed to dynamic chirality dominated by shape fluctuations.

Tonev, D. [Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, 35020 Legnaro (Italy); Angelis, G. de [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, 35020 Legnaro (Italy); Brant, S. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Petkov, P. [Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Ventura, A. [ENEA, 40129 Bologna and INFN, Sezione di Bologna (Italy)

2009-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

347

Fellowship in Cambridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the facilities for eating and drinking, the social centres of bars and the often splendid dining halls, most have Chapels for worship, libraries and studies for thought, the grounds for play. When I try to explain to a visiting scholar from Nepal or China... . In academic life this is not just important in running the organization, in writing and reading references, evaluations or feedback about ideas and people. Also at a deeper level it is absolutely essential for the co-operative pursuit of knowledge in any field...

Macfarlane, Alan

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

348

Defects in Irradiated Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 17, 2011... the macroscale properties of metals in a reactor environment. ... and by ORNL's Shared Research Equipment (SHaRE) User Facility, which is ...

349

Architectural disruption in aerospace  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distinctive technology and customer / supplier relationships are currently the primary sources of competitive advantage in the Aerospace industry. Modular Open System Architecture (MOSA) requirements represent a significant ...

Ashworth, Geoffrey (Geoffrey John)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

VIOLENT FRAMES IN ACTION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a computational approach to radical rhetoric that leverages the co-expression of rhetoric and action features in discourse to identify violent intent. The approach combines text mining and machine learning techniques with insights from Frame Analysis and theories that explain the emergence of violence in terms of moral disengagement, the violation of sacred values and social isolation in order to build computational models that identify messages from terrorist sources and estimate their proximity to an attack. We discuss a specific application of this approach to a body of documents from and about radical and terrorist groups in the Middle East and present the results achieved.

Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; McGrath, Liam R.; Whitney, Paul D.

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

351

Independent directors in China.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the development of the independent director system in China. The newly introduced independent director system is viewed as a revolutionary change to… (more)

Ma, Lijun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Phonon dispersion in graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking into account the constraints imposed by the lattice symmetry, the phonon dispersion is calculated for graphene with interactions between the first and second nearest neighbors in the framework of the Born-von Karman model. Analytical expressions are obtained for the out-of-plane (bending) modes determined only by two force constants as well as for the in-plane modes with four force constants. Values of the force constants are found in fitting to elastic constants and Raman frequencies observed in graphite.

L. A. Falkovsky

2007-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

353

News in TIP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

News in TIP. 04/03/12. Wu Elected SPIE Fellow. 07/06/11. Help Wanted: NIST Conducting Nationwide Search for New Director ...

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

354

Osmoregulation in methanogens  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our major goal of our work has been to develop and use NMR techniques to study how methanogenic archaebacteria deal with osmotic stress with the hope of providing insights into increasing the salt tolerance of other cells. The project has three main sections: (i) in vivo studies of methanogens; (ii) use of [sup l3]C- and [sup l5]N- labeled potential precursors and in vitro analyses of specific label uptake for elucidation of osmolyte dynamics and biosynthetic pathways of osmolytes in these organisms, and isolation of key biosynthetic enzymes; and (iii) collaborative studies on identification of organic solutes in other methanogens.

Roberts, M.F.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Hierarchical Microstructures in CZT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced characterization tools, such as electron backscatter diffraction and transmitted IR microscopy, are being applied to study critical microstructural features and orientation relations in as-grown CZT crystals to aid in understanding the relation between structure and properties in radiation detectors. Even carefully prepared single crystals of CZT contain regions of slight misorientation, Te-particles, and dislocation networks that must be understood for more accurate models of detector response. This paper describes initial research at PNNL into the hierarchy of microstructures observed in CZT grown via the vertical gradient freeze or vertical Bridgman method at PNNL and WSU.

Sundaram, S. K.; Henager, Charles H.; Edwards, Danny J.; Schemer-Kohrn, Alan L.; Bliss, Mary; Riley, Brian J.; Toloczko, Mychailo B.; Lynn, Kelvin G.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Scheduling in Multiprocess Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In RTSS, Lisbon, Portugal, [46] Facebook. Facebook. http://www.facebook.com. [47] Facebook.Facebook info.php? statistics, 2011. statistics. http://

Dou, Ji Adam

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Biomass Briquettes in Malawi.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In Malawi 2.5 % of the forest disappears each year. The use of firewood and charcoal, deriving from forest resources, accounts for about 99… (more)

Faxälv, Olle

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Caustics in turbulent aerosols  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networks of caustics can occur in the distribution of particles suspended in a randomly moving gas. These can facilitate coagulation of particles by bringing them into close proximity, even in cases where the trajectories do not coalesce. We show that the long-time morphology of these caustic patterns is determined by the Lyapunov exponents lambda_1, lambda_2 of the suspended particles, as well as the rate J at which particles encounter caustics. We develop a theory determining the quantities J, lambda_1, lambda_2 from the statistical properties of the gas flow, in the limit of short correlation times.

M. Wilkinson; B. Mehlig

2004-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

359

Advances in Display Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

glasses contain an orthogonal linear polarizer that blocksglasses contain a linear polarizing filter that blocks theglasses become transparent or opaque in synchrony to block

Scher, Steven Jonathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Innovations in Additive Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 16, 2010 ... Additive Manufacturing's Role in Fabrication and Repair of Aerospace Components: James Sears1; 1South Dakota School of Mines & ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Jung In Choi  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jung In Choi Director Smart Grid Research Center Advanced Institute of Convergence Technology, Suwon, Korea drjichoi@gmail.com This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a...

362

Trees in the winter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trees in the winter Trees in the winter Name: John H Hersey Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do some trees in the winter lose their leaves and some are able to keep their leaves? Replies: John, You can view the leaves on a tree as its food manufacturing factory. For some trees, especially those which live in areas which become cold in the winter, the 'factories' do their work during the normal growing season and are forced to 'shut-down' over the winter months. There are many evergreens which hold their foliage all year, simply dropping some of them periodically as they age and become less efficient to be replaced by new needles. Larches in the area where I live are conifers which lose their needles, which is quite rare. You can see that foliage on a tree presents a problem: water loss from a tree is greatest in its foliage. A tree has to 'decide' (and this has occurred over millennia by evolution) whether to hold its foliage or shed it. If it decides to hold the foliage, then it must provide a means of insuring conservation of water, especially in the winter months when dry cold winds remove water which is not easily replace due to liquid water in the environment being frozen. Many plant's adaptation has been the production of a waxy cuticle to 'seal-off' the leaf from the environment and reduce water loss. You can understand that in the northern latitude's winters, sunlight duration and intensity drops, and for some plants the best solution has involved shedding the leaves for the winter, and growing a new set of 'factories' in the spring.

363

Reduced power consumption in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a potential energy savings of over $30 Billion/year. This new approach is demanded by the exponentiallyBenefits Reduced power consumption in IC devices; hence potential energy savings of 300 Billion KWh://www.sia- online.org) CuRIE Interconnect Technology for Improved Energy Efficiency in IC Chips ARPA-E Technology

364

Complex Structures in Electrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we show that the basic external (i.e. not determined by the equations) object in Classical electrodynamics equations is a complex structure. In the 3-dimensional standard form of Maxwell equations this complex structure $\\mathcal{I}$ participates implicitly in the equations and its presence is responsible for the so called duality invariance. We give a new form of the equations showing explicitly the participation of $\\mathcal{I}$. In the 4-dimensional formulation the complex structure is extracted directly from the equations, it appears as a linear map $\\Phi$ in the space of 2-forms on $\\mathbb{R}^4$. It is shown also that $\\Phi$ may appear through the equivariance properties of the new formulation of the theory. Further we show how this complex structure $\\Phi$ combines with the Poincare isomorphism $\\mathfrak{P}$ between the 2-forms and 2-tensors to generate all well known and used in the theory (pseudo)metric constructions on $\\mathbb{R}^4$, and to define the conformal symmetry properties. The equations of Extended Electrodynamics (EED) do not also need these pseudometrics as beforehand necessary structures. A new formulation of the EED equations in terms of a generalized Lie derivative is given.

Stoil Donev

2001-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

365

Telecommunications in developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper brings out the rationale for and the course of abolition of monopolies in telecommunications, the emergence of independent regulation, competition and markets determining prices for Telecom and Information services in developed countries and ... Keywords: access, competition, convergence, corporatisation, degovernmentalisation, demonopolisation, internet cafes, public telephones, regulation, telecommunications, universal service/

T. H. Chowdary

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Mobile communications in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

China now has the world's largest mobile communications market. In the past several years, a series of major reforms have been carried out in China's telecom industry, aiming at separating administrative and enterprise functions, breaking monopoly ... Keywords: 3G mobile services, China, TD-SCDMA, WTO, World Trade Organization, mobile communications

Ying Dong; Mingshu Li

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Accessibility research in Malaysia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent days, there is a tendency in Malaysia that more and more people are interested the research regarding the use of computing and information technology by the ageing population and people with disabilities. Below are some examples of these projects.

Hasni Hassan; Nazean Jomhari; Syariffanor Hishyam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Transportation in Developing Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Africa that produces synthetic oil from coal, starts to use natural gas as feedstock in the production, natural gas, and petroleum into liquid fuels and chemicals. Sasol is now a privately owned companysolutions+ + + + Transportation in Developing Countries Greenhouse Gas Scenarios for South Africa

Delucchi, Mark

369

Geothermal energy in Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The nature of goethermal resources in Nevada and resource applications are discussed. The social and economic advantages of utilizing geothermal energy are outlined. Federal and State programs established to foster the development of geothermal energy are discussed. The names, addresses, and phone numbers of various organizations actively involved in research, regulation, and the development of geothermal energy are included. (MHR)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oilseeds in Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Australia is now one of the world’s top three exporters of canola oil. inform takes a closer look at the factors that have advanced oilseed production in that country. Oilseeds in Australia Inform Magazine Inform Archives Processing Nick Goddard and Ma

371

Dynamic mechanical response of brain tissue in indentation in vivo, in situ and in vitro  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

region. 1. Westinghouse modified DOE Procedure 8. Estimated via market study (based on Ref. 6) 9. Energy State Performance - Preprototype Number One Several test runs were completed at each of the DOE test in Appendix B. Test procedure is in accordance with Reference 6. ** The system performance model used

Suresh, Subra

372

Frontiers in Pharmaceutical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of natural and biomimetic drugs peking university, china Ashok Prasad, ph.d., professor departmentRemony September 4, 2012 Open tO the public one-Day SympoSium September 14, 2012 Drug Therapy in the 21st Century at uri, used in drug delivery. 2012 phr1 1m created by uri publicatiOns and creative services. printed

Rhode Island, University of

373

Renewable Energy in Alaska  

SciTech Connect

This report examines the opportunities, challenges, and costs associated with renewable energy implementation in Alaska and provides strategies that position Alaska's accumulating knowledge in renewable energy development for export to the rapidly growing energy/electric markets of the developing world.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Progress in colloid propulsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the early decades of the Space Age, a great deal of work was put into the development of the Colloid Thruster as an electric propulsion system for spacecraft. In spite of the effort by the end of the 70s the programs ...

López Urdiales, Jóse Mariano, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Neural networks in astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last decade, the use of neural networks (NN) and of other soft computing methods has begun to spread also in the astronomical community which, due to the required accuracy of the measurements, is usually reluctant to use automatic tools to perform ... Keywords: Bayesian learning, MLP, MUSIC, PCA, astronomy, data mining, neural networks, self-organizing maps

Roberto Tagliaferri; Giuseppe Longo; Leopoldo Milano; Fausto Acernese; Fabrizio Barone; Angelo Ciaramella; Rosario De Rosa; Ciro Donalek; Antonio Eleuteri; Giancarlo Raiconi; Salvatore Sessa; Antonino Staiano; Alfredo Volpicelli

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

European XFEL (in Polish)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

European X-Ray FEL – free electron laser is under construction in DESY Hamburg. It is scheduled to be operational at 2015/16 at a cost more than 1 billion Euro. The laser uses SASE method to generate x-ray light. It is propelled by an electron linac of 17,5GeV energy and more than 2km in length. The linac uses superconducting SRF TESLA technology working at 1,3 GHz in frequency. The prototype of EXFEL is FLASH Laser (200 m in length), where the “proof of principle” was checked, and from the technologies were transferred to the bigger machine. The project was stared in the nineties by building a TTF Laboratory -Tesla Test Facility. The EXFEL laser is a child of a much bigger teraelectronovolt collider project TESLA (now abandoned in Germany but undertaken by international community in a form the ILC). A number of experts and young researchers from Poland participate in the design, construction and research of the FLASH and EXFEL lasers.

Romaniuk, R S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Provenance management in Swift  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Swift parallel scripting language allows for the specification, execution and analysis of large-scale computations in parallel and distributed environments. It incorporates a data model for recording and querying provenance information. In this article ... Keywords: Parallel scripting languages, Provenance, Scientific workflows

Luiz M. R. Gadelha Jr.; Ben Clifford; Marta Mattoso; Michael Wilde; Ian Foster

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Controlling moisture in houses  

SciTech Connect

Most moisture problems in homes in Canada and the Northern United States during the winter are related to too-high indoor humidity. Excessive moisture sourecs such as damp crawl spaces, and lack of ventilation cause this humidity problem. Exhaust fans or air-to-air heat exchangers can easily and economically provide sufficient ventilation.

TenWolde, A.; Suleski, J.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Mechanisms in Plant Development  

SciTech Connect

This meeting has been held every other year for the past twenty-two years and is the only regularly held meeting focused specifically on plant development. Topics covered included: patterning in developing tissues; short and long distance signaling; differentiation of cell types; the role of epigenetics in development; evolution; growth.

Hake, Sarah [USDA ARS Plant Gene Expression Center

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

380

High Performance Computing in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Performance Computing in Bioinformatics Thomas Ludwig (t.ludwig@computer.org) Ruprecht PART I: High Performance Computing Thomas Ludwig PART II: HPC Computing in Bioinformatics Alexandros #12;© Thomas Ludwig, Alexandros Stamatakis, GCB'04 3 PART I High Performance Computing Introduction

Stamatakis, Alexandros

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

What's in a Service?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proper understanding of the general nature, potential and obligations of electronic services may be achieved by examining existing commercial services in detail. The everyday services that surround us, and the ways in which we engage with them, are ... Keywords: electronic services, service description, service properties, service substitution

Justin O'Sullivan; David Edmond; Arthur Ter Hofstede

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Private Monitoring in Auctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study collusion in repeated first-price auctions under the condition of minimal information release by the auctioneer. In each auction a bidder only learns whether or not he won the object. Bidders do not observe other bidders’ bids, who participates or who wins in case they are not the winner. We show that for large enough discount factors collusion can nevertheless be supported in the infinitely repeated game. While there is a unique Nash equilibrium in public strategies, in which bidders bid competitively in every period, there are simple Nash equilibria in private strategies that support bid rotation. Equilibria that either improve on bid rotation or satisfy the requirement of Bayesian perfection, but not both, are only slightly more complex. Our main result is the construction of perfect Bayesian equilibria that improve on bid rotation. These equilibria require complicated inferences off the equilibrium path. A deviator may not know who has observed his deviation and consequently may have an incentive to use strategic experimentation to learn about the bidding behavior of his rivals.

Andreas Blume; Paul Heidhues

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

In Brief . ... Meetings, Missions,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

knowledge can be used to predict the outcome of various tuna management, utilization, and conservation place at the Ganei Hamat Hotel in Tiberius, Israel. For further information write the Organizing and Exhibition at the Shoreham Hotel in Washington. DC. 20- 22 September. It will focus on a description

384

Fuzzy Systems in Biomedicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chapter presents recent advances of fuzzy systems in biomedicine. A short introduction is made on the main concepts of fuzzy sets theory. Then, a survey of recent research reports (2000 and beyond) is performed, in order to map existing theoretical ... Keywords: Biomedicine, Fuzzy Systems, Survey

Georgios Dounias

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Developments in deaerator design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is mainly concerned with problems of American utility deaerators, although the remarks in many cases may have more general application. Such deaerators are generally horizontal, with a stainless steel water box, spray valves and a bank of trays, or in the case of the ''spray scrubber'' type, with a stainless steel water box, spray valves and an internal scrubber. 3 refs.

O'Connell, L.P.F.; Rauscher, W.V.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Photon Physics in ALICE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an overview of photon physics which will be studied by the ALICE experiment in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at LHC. We compare properties of ALICE photon detectors and estimate their ability to measure neutral meson and direct photon spectra as well as gamma-hadron and gamma-jet correlations in pp and Pb+Pb collisions.

D. Peressounko; Y. Kharlov; for the ALICE collaboration

2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

387

Hydrogen in semiconductors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

After an incubation'' period in the 1970's and early 80's, during which the first hydrogen related centers were discovered and characterized in ultra-pure germanium, a sharp increase of research activity occurred after the discovery of shallow acceptor passivation in crystalline silicon. The aim of this review is to convey an insight into the rich, multifaceted physics and materials science which has emerged from the vast variety of experimental and theoretical studies of hydrogen in semiconductors. In order to arrive at the current understanding of hydrogen related phenomena in a logical way, each chapter will start with a brief review of the major experimental and theoretical advances of the past few years. Those who are interested to learn more about this fascinating area of semiconductor research are referred to reviews, to a number of conference proceedings volumes, and to an upcoming book which will contain authoritative chapters on most aspects of hydrogen in crystalline semiconductors. Some of the early art of semiconductor device processing can finally be put on a scientific foundation and new ways of arriving at advanced device structures begin to use what we have learned from the basic studies of hydrogen in semiconductors. 92 refs., 8 figs.

Haller, E.E. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA) Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Women in Meteorology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The names of 927 women who are or have been active in meteorology or closely related fields have been obtained from various sources. Of these women, at least 500 are presently active. An estimated 4–5% of the total number of Ph.D.s in meteorology ...

Margaret A. LeMone; Patricia L. Waukau

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Women in Physics | Status of Women in Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Physics Report on women in physics by country A report on the status of women in physics in 65 countries written by 2008 participants of the 3rd ICWIP, which was held in Korea...

390

View In Word  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NNS-H-1026 WORK FORCE TRANSITION, MANAGEMENT, PAY AND BENEFITS (MAY 2011) NNS-H-1026 WORK FORCE TRANSITION, MANAGEMENT, PAY AND BENEFITS (MAY 2011) (a) Pay: (1) Except as otherwise provided herein, employees of the incumbent contractor who are members of the collective bargaining unit on the date of contract award and individuals who are hired by the successor contractor will, through the term of the existing Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA), be provided the employee pay and benefits as specified in the CBA listed at Part III, Section J, Attachment J-5. (2) Wages and fringe benefits paid to employees represented by the collective bargaining unit shall not be less than those provided in the CBA listed in Part III, Section J, Attachment J-5 and such costs shall be included in the fixed billing rates set forth in clause NNS-B-1014, Price and

391

Wildlife in Chicago  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

386-A September 12, 1970 386-A September 12, 1970 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WILDLIFE IN CHICAGO In August of 1803, when a detachment of soldiers came here from Detroit to build Fort Dearborn, they found only four crude cabins, situated on the north bank of the Chicago River. Three were occupied by French fur traders -- LeMaie, Ouilmette and Pettle -- and one was vacant. In 1833, when Chicago was incorporated as a village, there were only 200 people here. Wolves were still a problem, especially in winter. On October 6, 1834, a black bear -- the last wild one seen in Chicago was killed near the intersection of LaSalle and Adams Streets. Game was so plentiful that the region was a hunter's paradise .

392

Coyotes in Cook County  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coyotes in Cook County Coyotes in Cook County Nature Bulletin No. 2 Forest Preserve District of Cook County -- July 31, 1969 George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Superintendent of Conversation COYOTES IN COOK COUNTY One winter night, a Forest Preserve Ranger heard the yapping howl of some animal that made his hair stand on end. A few days later, a farmer in the Sag valley saw what appeared to be a wolf lope across a road. Finally, the ranger, concealed within sight of a faint path apparently used by wild dogs or foxes, shot a coyote. The little bunch of black bristles at the base of its tail, covering a scent gland beneath the skin identified it as being of the wolf family. The animal was sent to the Illinois Natural History Survey, at Urbana, where it was pronounced to be a prairie wolf (also known as the "brush" wolf). In the west it is generally known by its Spanish name: coyote.

393

Fine Particles in Soils  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fine Particles in Soils Fine Particles in Soils Nature Bulletin No. 582 November 28, 1959 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Daniel Ryan, President Roberts Mann, Conservation Editor David H. Thompson, Senior Naturalist FINE PARTICLES IN SOILS If a farmer, while plowing, is visited in the field by another farmer, invariably the visitor will pick up a handful of turned over earth and knead it with his fingers while they talk. The "feel" of it tells him a lot about the texture and structure of that soil. He knows that both are important factors in the growth of plants and determine the crops that may be obtained from the land. Soil is a combination of three different things About half of it is solid matter; the other half consists of air and water The solid portion is composed of organic and inorganic materials.

394

In Other News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In Other News In Other News Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit In Other News Los Alamos expertise integral to nuclear energy innovation hub; LANL now on Facebook. August 1, 2012 dummy image Read our archives Contacts Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email Los Alamos Expertise Integral to Nuclear Energy Innovation Hub In June 2010, scientists from the Lab were selected by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to participate in a Nuclear Innovation Hub effort to create a computer-simulated reactor that could lead to a new generation of safer, longer-lasting, and less-expensive nuclear reactors for growing energy needs. Known as the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors

395

Logging in to Franklin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logging in Logging in Logging in to Franklin Interactive Access You can log in to Franklin using SSH (Secure Shell) with the following command from any UNIX, Linux, FreeBSD, etc. command shell or terminal: % ssh -l username franklin.nersc.gov There are a number of SSH-capable clients available for Windows, Mac, and UNIX/Linux machines. NERSC does not support or recommend any particular client. Franklin has 10 login nodes; you will be randomly connected to one of those 10 when you ssh to franklin.nersc.gov. In all cases it will appear to you as if you are on "franklin.nersc.gov." The login nodes are where you compile codes, submit jobs, and view data. The login nodes on Franklin are directly connected to the internal high-speed "Seastar" network. Because of this you cannot login and work

396

ESCO Industry in China  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ESCO Development in ESCO Development in China China-America EE Forum 2011.5.6, S.F Contents Fast development 1 Great potential 2 Opportunities & Challenges 3 Function of EMCA 4 China Energy Conservation project  Officially started in 1998;  It is a key international cooperation project in the field of energy conservation by Chinese government and World Bank/GEF;  The main purpose of the project is to promote Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) mechanism and develop ESCO industry in China Project progress-1 st phase 3 pilot ESCOs: Beijing Liaoning Shandong Phase I EC information Dissemination Center(ECIDC) Project progress-2 nd phase EMCA Phase II I& G New and Potential ESCOs Technical support Financial support Project Progress- 2 nd Phase EMCA---provide practical technical

397

Logging in to Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Logging in Logging in Logging in to Hopper Interactive Access You can log in to Hopper using SSH (Secure Shell) with the following command from any UNIX, Mac OS X, Linux, FreeBSD, etc. command shell or terminal: ssh -l username hopper.nersc.gov There are several SSH-capable clients available for Windows, Mac, and UNIX/Linux machines. NERSC does not support or recommend any particular client. Hopper has 12 login nodes. You will be randomly connected to one of those 12 when you ssh to hopper.nersc.gov. In all cases it will appear to you as if you are on "hopper.nersc.gov." The login nodes are where you compile codes, submit jobs, and view data. The login nodes on Hopper are "external," meaning they are not directly connected to Hopper's internal high-speed "Gemini" network. Because the

398

Geothermal development in Thailand  

SciTech Connect

San Kampaeng and Fang geothermal areas are considered areas of interest for exploitation of geothermal energy. The technologies of exploration and development have been studied by Thai scientists and engineers during the past four years. The first geothermal deep exploration well was drilled, in cooperation with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), in the San Kampaeng geothermal area. In 1985, supplementary work is planned to define the deep structural setting in greater detail before starting to drill the next deep exploration well. In Fang geothermal area some shallow exploitation wells have been drilled to obtain fluid to feed a demonstration binary system of 120 kWe, with the technical cooperation of BRGM and GEOWATT, France.

Praserdvigai, S.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Experiments in cold fusion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work of Steve Jones and others in muon-catalyzed cold fusion of deuterium and hydrogen suggests the possibility of such fusion catalyzed by ions, or combinations of atoms, or more-or-less free electrons in solid and liquid materials. A hint that this might occur naturally comes from the heat generated in volcanic action in subduction zones on the earth. It is questionable whether the potential energy of material raised to the height of a midocean ridge and falling to the depth of an ocean trench can produce the geothermal effects seen in the volcanoes of subduction zones. If the ridge, the trench, the plates, and the asthenosphere are merely visible effects of deeper density-gradient driven circulations, it is still uncertain that observed energy-concentration effects fit the models.

Palmer, E.P.

1986-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

400

Conditional sterility in plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present disclosure provides methods, recombinant DNA molecules, recombinant host cells containing the DNA molecules, and transgenic plant cells, plant tissue and plants which contain and express at least one antisense or interference RNA specific for a thiamine biosynthetic coding sequence or a thiamine binding protein or a thiamine-degrading protein, wherein the RNA or thiamine binding protein is expressed under the regulatory control of a transcription regulatory sequence which directs expression in male and/or female reproductive tissue. These transgenic plants are conditionally sterile; i.e., they are fertile only in the presence of exogenous thiamine. Such plants are especially appropriate for use in the seed industry or in the environment, for example, for use in revegetation of contaminated soils or phytoremediation, especially when those transgenic plants also contain and express one or more chimeric genes which confer resistance to contaminants.

Meagher, Richard B. (Athens, GA); McKinney, Elizabeth (Athens, GA); Kim, Tehryung (Taejeon, KR)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Models in Decision Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any statistical analysis or decision analysis contains numerical inputs of which we are unsure. Some of our uncertainty arises from physical randomness which we can model in various ways, ideally through probability. Some relates to judgmental estimates of qualities about which we may be unsure in many different respects. There are other uncertainties involved, however: some relates to ambiguity and imprecision of meaning; some relate to lack of clarity in the objectives which the analysis seeks to meet; some relate to the numerical accuracy of calculations. Suppose, for instance, that we need to consider the probability of a conservative government being returned at the next election. The probability, a subjective probability, itself is a number that the statistician or decision maker has to judge. In some ways it may be related to 'hard' data, but there will always be an element of judgement in setting its value. But one might also ask: what is meant by a 'conservative' government; ...

Simon French

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Desalination shocks in microstructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Salt transport in bulk electrolytes is limited by diffusion and convection, but in microstructures with charged surfaces (e.g. microfluidic devices, porous media, soils, or biological tissues) surface conduction and electro-osmotic flow also contribute to ionic fluxes. For small applied voltages, these effects lead to well known linear electrokinetic phenomena. In this paper, we predict some surprising nonlinear dynamics that can result from the competition between bulk and interfacial transport at higher voltages. When counter-ions are selectively removed by a membrane or electrode, a "desalination shock" can propagate through the microstructure, leaving in its wake an ultrapure solution, nearly devoid of co-ions and colloidal impurities. We elucidate the basic physics of desalination shocks and develop a mathematical theory of their existence, structure, and stability, allowing for slow variations in surface charge or channel geometry. Via asymptotic approximations and similarity solutions, we show that des...

Mani, Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Perturbations in a plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The perturbations of a homogeneous non-relativistic two-component plasma are studied in the Coulomb gauge. Starting from the solution found [2] of the equations of electromagnetic self consistency in a plasma [1], we add small perturbations to all quantities involved, and we enter the perturbed quantities in the equations, keeping only the first order terms in the perturbations. Because the unperturbed quantities are solutions of the equations, they cancel each other, and we are left with a set of 12 linear equations for the 12 perturbations (unknown quantities). Then we solve this set of linearized equations, in the approximation of small ratio of the masses of electrons over those of ions, and under the assumption that the plasma remains homogeneous.

Evangelos Chaliasos

2005-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

404

Geomodification in query rewriting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web searchers signal their geographic intent by using placenames in search queries. They also indicate their flexibility about geographic specificity by reformulating their queries. We conducted experiments on geomodification in query rewriting. We examine both deliberate query rewriting, conducted in user search sessions, and automated query rewriting, with users evaluating the relevance of geo-modified queries. We find geo-specification in 12.7 % of user query rewrites in search sessions, and show the breakdown into sub-classes such as same-city, same-state, same-country and different-country. We also measure the dependence between US-state-name and distance-of-modified-location-from-originallocation, finding that Vermont web searchers modify their locations greater distances than California web searchers. We also find that automatically-modified queries are perceived as much more relevant when the geographic component is unchanged.

Vivian Wei Zhang; Benjamin Rey; Rosie Jones

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Float-in powerhouses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nation's inland waterway system affords a means of transporting large objects limited only by channel depth, size of locks and bridge clearances. The concept of prefabricating standardized, hydroelectric powerhouses at shipyards, transporting them along the inland waterways and installing them at navigation dams without powerhouses was examined for the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation system. It was found that construction costs for the float-in design was very close to those of conventional sitebuilt design. Experience at Greenup Dam on the Ohio River where a float-in powerhouse has been installed indicated that construction time could be reduced if the float-in design was used. This time saving, use of standardized designs and construction of the float-in module at a shipyard may offer advantages that should be examined in more detailed when the power potential of the nation's low navigation dams is assessed.

Makela, G.A.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Spondarthritis in the Triassic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: The evidence of several forms of arthritis has been well documented in the fossil record. However, for pre-Cenozoic vertebrates, especially regarding reptiles, this record is rather scarce. In this work we present a case report of spondarthritis found in a vertebral series that belonged to a carnivorous archosaurian reptile from the Lower Triassic (,245 million years old) of the South African Karoo. Methodology/Principal Findings: Neutron tomography confirmed macroscopic data, revealing the ossification of the entire intervertebral disc space (both annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus), which supports the diagnosis of spondarthritis. Conclusions/Significance: The presence of spondarthritis in the new specimen represents by far the earliest evidence of any form of arthritis in the fossil record. The present find is nearly 100 million years older than the previous oldest report of this pathology, based on a Late Jurassic dinosaur. Spondarthritis may have indirectly contributed to the death of the animal

Juan Carlos Cisneros; Uiara Gomes Cabral; Frikkie De Beer; Ross Damiani; Daniel Costa Fortier

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Uncertainties in Gapped Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by graphene-based quantum computer we examine the time-dependence of the position-momentum and position-velocity uncertainties in the monolayer gapped graphene. The effect of the energy gap to the uncertainties is shown to appear via the Compton-like wavelength $\\lambda_c$. The uncertainties in the graphene are mainly contributed by two phenomena, spreading and zitterbewegung. While the former determines the uncertainties in the long-range of time, the latter gives the highly oscillation to the uncertainties in the short-range of time. The uncertainties in the graphene are compared with the corresponding values for the usual free Hamiltonian $\\hat{H}_{free} = (p_1^2 + p_2^2) / 2 M$. It is shown that the uncertainties can be under control within the quantum mechanical law if one can choose the gap parameter $\\lambda_c$ freely.

Eylee Jung; Kwang S. Kim; DaeKil Park

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

408

Opportunities in Bond Financing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Opportunities in Bond Financing Opportunities in Bond Financing James Dack Vice President Alternative Energy Finance Group Stern Brothers & Co. Seattle, WA 98101 Biogas and Fuel Cells Workshop National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado June 11-13, 2012 2 INTRODUCTION * Stern Brothers, founded in 1917 and headquartered in St. Louis, is an investment banking firm that is focused on project financing (taxable and tax-exempt) for renewable energy, real estate, higher education and healthcare. * Stern's Alternative Energy Finance Group structures and places tax- exempt and taxable debt, and provides financial advisory services for renewable energy projects in the U.S. * Waste-to-energy, second generation biofuels, biochemicals, biomass, solar, wind, landfill gas-to-energy, cogen, CHP, hydro,

409

What's InsIde?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Regional Partner Launches Drilling Test in Regional Partner Launches Drilling Test in DOE's Carbon Sequestration Program." The Plains CO 2 Reduction Partnership (PCOR), one of the seven Department of Energy (DOE) Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships, has begun a small-scale geologic field test as part of their validation phase efforts which will focus on carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) storage in a lignite seam in Burke County, North Dakota. The PCOR Partnership, managed by the University of North Dakota's Energy and Environmental Research Center, will partner with Eagle Operating Inc. of Kenmare, North Dakota to conduct the two-year, two-phased test. During phase one, data about the coal seam will be collected in order to evaluate the

410

Bayesian learning in bioinformatics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Life sciences research is advancing in breadth and scope, affecting many areas of life including medical care and government policy. The field of Bioinformatics, in particular, is growing very rapidly with the help of computer science, statistics, applied mathematics, and engineering. New high-throughput technologies are making it possible to measure genomic variation across phenotypes in organisms at costs that were once inconceivable. In conjunction, and partly as a consequence, massive amounts of information about the genomes of many organisms are becoming accessible in the public domain. Some of the important and exciting questions in the post-genomics era are how to integrate all of the information available from diverse sources. Learning in complex systems biology requires that information be shared in a natural and interpretable way, to integrate knowledge and data. The statistical sciences can support the advancement of learning in Bioinformatics in many ways, not the least of which is by developing methodologies that can support the synchronization of efforts across sciences, offering real-time learning tools that can be shared across many fields from basic science to the clinical applications. This research is an introduction to several current research problems in Bioinformatics that addresses integration of information, and discusses statistical methodologies from the Bayesian school of thought that may be applied. Bayesian statistical methodologies are proposed to integrate biological knowledge and improve statistical inference for three relevant Bioinformatics applications: gene expression arrays, BAC and aCGH arrays, and real-time gene expression experiments. A unified Bayesian model is proposed to perform detection of genes and gene classes, defined from historical pathways, with gene expression arrays. A novel Bayesian statistical method is proposed to infer chromosomal copy number aberrations in clinical populations with BAC or aCGH experiments. A theoretical model is proposed, motivated from historical work in mathematical biology, for inference with real-time gene expression experiments, and fit with Bayesian methods. Simulation and case studies show that Bayesian methodologies show great promise to improve the way we learn with high-throughput Bioinformatics experiments.

Gold, David L.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Recent advances in in situ vitrification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Situ Vitrification (ISV) is an innovative mobile remediation technology for soils and other underground contamination: Developed by the US Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), ISV has advanced during the past decade from a laboratory concept to a remediation technology commercially available for contaminated soils. ISV technology is currently being developed for remediation of DOE waste sites at Hanford, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Idaho National Laboratory (INEL), and other sites. The incentives for application of ISV can convert contaminated sites to a solid, highly durable block similar to naturally occurring obsidian. The ISV product has been shown capable of passing US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) tests such as the Toxic Characteristic Leach Procedure (TCLP). Retrieval, handling and transport of untreated hazardous material would normally not be required after application of ISV. Therefore, costs, exposure to personnel, risk of releases to the environment, and generation of secondary wastes are greatly reduced compared with remove-and-treat technologies.

Bonner, W.F.; Luey, Ja-Kael.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Recent advances in in situ vitrification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Situ Vitrification (ISV) is an innovative mobile remediation technology for soils and other underground contamination: Developed by the US Department of Energy`s Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), ISV has advanced during the past decade from a laboratory concept to a remediation technology commercially available for contaminated soils. ISV technology is currently being developed for remediation of DOE waste sites at Hanford, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Idaho National Laboratory (INEL), and other sites. The incentives for application of ISV can convert contaminated sites to a solid, highly durable block similar to naturally occurring obsidian. The ISV product has been shown capable of passing US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) tests such as the Toxic Characteristic Leach Procedure (TCLP). Retrieval, handling and transport of untreated hazardous material would normally not be required after application of ISV. Therefore, costs, exposure to personnel, risk of releases to the environment, and generation of secondary wastes are greatly reduced compared with remove-and-treat technologies.

Bonner, W.F.; Luey, Ja-Kael

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Engineering Quotas in Latin America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effect of gender discrimination in quota-adopting countries. In coca crop eradication, spraying pesticides

Piscopo, Jennifer M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Gossiping in distributed systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exchange of information between various nodes in a distributed network can be useful to utilize the available resources effectively. Gossiping algorithms can be used for this purpose. We begin with a survey of various gossiping schemes for different types of network topologies. Two types of gossiping techniques have traditionally been studied and used: (i) schemes in which there is an initiator to start the algorithm and (ii) sch emes without an initiator. These are again sub-divided into two classes: (i) each node knowing the entire graph of the network and (ii) each node knowing only its neighbors. In the schemes with an initiator, the leader initiates the algorithm and subsequently other nodes in the system participate in the algorithm when they are told to do so by a node which already participates in the algorithm. Assuming that each node knows only its neighbors, we propose and implement a gossiping scheme which can compromise message complexity with the time taken to reach consensus. This scheme assumes that one of the nodes is the initiator. We also propose a method for gossiping in an arbitrary graph without an initiator where nodes communicate asynchronously using timeouts.

Penubothu, Muralidhar V

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Woodland Wildflowers in May  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Woodland Wildflowers in May Woodland Wildflowers in May Nature Bulletin No. 679-A May 13, 1978 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WOODLAND WILDFLOWERS IN MAY "Sweet April showers I o bring May flowers " -- so sang the early English poet Thomas Tusser. This rule holds as well for our forest preserves today as it did in his England of four centuries ago. Wave After wave of wildflowers come into bloom, brighten the landscape and wane from early spring until the killing frosts of autumn. The first big surge of blossoms is in the rich moist woodlands. Then come the delicate early prairie flowers -- for example, birdfoot violet, pink phlox, wild hyacinth and puccoon. After the trees have leafed out, a second crop of taller broad-leafed flowers overshadow the early spring forest bloomers. Thus the parade of color marches past, ending with broad bands of gold and purple on the prairies in late summer, and masses of white snakeroot and blue bellflower in the autumn woods.

416

GEMS in the environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GEMS in the environment GEMS in the environment Name: de tar Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: How many years will it be before Genetically Engineered Microorganisms are released into the environment? Replies: Some already have been in controlled and government-approved tests. So have some non-micro organisms, mainly some food crop plants and cattle strains. moodywj In addition to the previous response, I might add that although there are several examples of GEMS which have been released for beneficial purposes, caution must be exercised in order that a potentially harmful organism does not escape into the environment without extremely careful supervision and complete control over its spread. An example of this is the engineered bacteria which make use of crude oil as a carbon source, patented for use on oil spills. Although spraying a solution with these organisms in it can help clean up spills and decrease the OIL'S impact on the environment, you have to be careful about knowing in advance what the organisms will turn to for food once the oil is gone -- will it attack the hydrocarbons of other living organisms?

417

Tracks in the Snow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tracks in the Snow Tracks in the Snow Nature Bulletin No. 98 January 11, 1947 Forest Preserve District of Cook County William N. Erickson, President Roberts Mann, Superintendent of Conservation TRACKS IN THE SNOW Tracks in the snow tell fascinating stories of the secret lives of the wild animals that are abroad in wintertime -- stories of their search for food and the never-ending warfare between the hunter and the hunted. Walking through the woods, we came upon the trail of a red fox. The footprints of a fox are more pointed than those of a dog, more nearly in a straight line, and the hind foot is placed exactly on the print of the corresponding front foot. More-over, this fox had walked out across a meadow to a big ant hill on top of which he sat to listen and test the wind for scent. A dog will not do that. Later, back in the woods, he had jumped on a fallen tree and trotted along its length. A dog will not do that, either. The fox was traveling leisurely, pausing here and there to sniff at tufts of grass and other possible hiding places for mice.

418

IN AUSTRALIAN SCHOOLS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOFTLINK INTERNATIONAL Softlink International is a longstanding supplier to schools in Australia, providing leading-edge Library Management Systems for school libraries. Established in 1983, Softlink is an Australian company with a global footprint encompassing 108 countries, with more than 10,000 clients. Softlink’s library management solutions are used in more than 40 % of Australian school libraries. Softlink’s head office is in Brisbane, Queensland, with regional offices in Oxford (UK), Seattle (USA), and Auckland (NZ). Softlink strives to support student literacy development along with learning and education improvements. Softlink’s systems are powerful tools for students, librarians and teachers allowing key interaction between students, the library and parents. This is accomplished through core web based applications as well as full library management and administrative functions. Drawing on experience from around the world, Softlink is a strong supporter of school libraries and teacher librarians in Australia. SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS From Softlink’s experience, there are widespread inconsistencies in the funding of school libraries

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

In Praise of Petroleum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- struggled with defining “sustainability. ” Typical of efforts to make concrete this slippery concept was a preparatory paper addressing one of the most pressing issues in human development, how to bring modern energy services to the one-third of humanity whose development and survival requirements suffer from lack of them (2). These twobillion people have little access to electricity and depend for cooking and heating on local biomass in the form of wood, crop residues, and dung. In common with other such analyses, the premise of this paper was that, for the poor as for everyone else, only renewable energy sources qualify as sustainable. After all, fossil fuels are in principle limited, and the fossil carbon they contain is a threat when released. Nevertheless, there are questionable assumptions behind the premise that fossil fuels are unsustainable for the rural poor:--That the major alternative, local use of biomass fuel, is, by comparison, sustainable. In many cases, however, it contributes to local depletion of biomass resources including forests, produces serious health impacts in the local population because of its high emissions of pollutants, and even when renewably harvested is not greenhouse neutral because the poor combustion in simple stoves

Kirk R. Smith

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Conversion Spacetime in Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

English: This article is a small part of a larger one that has been called TOP (Theory Of Potentials) and in which is shown broadly as energy can be obtained in various ways. Although what Nature does sometimes not be imitated, or at least as effectively. But it describes as it does. Appendices are also included in this article in order to understand certain details that without them you would understand, and the description of them is an experiment (in Appendix C) which dilates the period of an oscillator, causing decrease in frequency simply applying a voltage in the vicinity, and which coincides well with the theory. Spanish: Este artículo es una pequeña porción de otro más grande que se ha dado en denominar TOP (Theory Of Potentials), y en el cual se demuestra ampliamente como se puede obtener energía de diversas maneras. Aunque lo que la naturaleza hace, a veces no se puede imitar, o al menos con tanta eficacia. Pero en él se describe como lo hace. Se incluyen además los Apéndices de dicho artículo, a fin de entender ciertos pormenores que sin ellos no se comprenderían, y en ellos está la descripción de un experimento

Florentino Muñiz Ania

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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421

Gender determination in populus  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Gender, the expression of maleness or femaleness, in dioecious plants has been associated with changes in morphology, physiology, ecological position, and commercial importance of several species, including members of the Salicaceae family. Various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the expression of gender in Salicaceae, including sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian genes, quantitative genes, environment, and genotype-by-environment interactions. Published reports would favor a genetic basis for gender. The objective of this study was to identify molecular markers associated with gender in a segregating family of hybrid poplars. Bulked segregant analysis and chi-squared analysis were used to test for the occurrence of sex chromosomes, individual loci, and chromosome ratios (i.e., ploidy levels) as the mechanisms for gender determination. Examination of 2488 PCR based RAPD markers from 1219 primers revealed nine polymorphic bands between male and female bulked samples. However, linkage analysis indicated that none of these markers were significantly associated with gender. Chisquared results for difference in male-to-female ratios between diploid and triploid genotypes also revealed no significant differences. These findings suggest gender is not controlled via sex chromosomes, simple Mendelian loci or ratios of autosome to gender-determining loci. It is possible that gender is determined genetically by regions of the genome not sampled by the tested markers or by a complex of loci operating in an additive threshold manner or in an epistatic manner. It is also possible that gender is determined environmentally at an early zygote stage, canalizing gender expression.

McLetchie, D.N. [Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Biological Sciences; Tuskan, G.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

422

Plan recognition in exploratory domains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a challenging plan recognition problem that arises in environments in which agents engage widely in exploratory behavior, and presents new algorithms for effective plan recognition in such settings. In exploratory domains, agents@? ... Keywords: Plan recognition, User modeling

Yaakov Gal; Swapna Reddy; Stuart M. Shieber; Andee Rubin; Barbara J. Grosz

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Discovery in Cambridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, scanners, cameras, their attitude is tolerant. In practical terms the college and university have always supported what can be a costly involvement with gadgets to record and analyse a changing world. I recently interviewed the astronomer Martin Rees... to be developed in the last 50 years’ and Michael Pepper, whose team in 1997 discovered a new standard for electric currents. The work of Dan McKenzie and other geo-physicists has had a great effect on oil exploration and it is also worth remembering Frank Whittle...

Macfarlane, Alan

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

424

Solar application in Tunisia  

SciTech Connect

Various solar applications were constructed in Tunisia during a program sponsored by the Save the Children Federation. The solar applications were constructed in three community schools, a community wool workshop, a new prototype low income residence, an office, and several residences; solar water heating installations were also built. A modified Trombe wall was constructed partially with metal, thermal mass, and direct gain in a school. The low income residence was equipped with a Trombe wall, a roof overhang, and insulation. Passive solar water heating installations included a mini solar pond and a bottom loading batch water heater. The people and culture of Tunisia are discussed and appropriate technology for the country is reviewed.

Hopman, F.

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nuclear medium effects in $\  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the nuclear medium effects in the weak structure functions $F_2(x,Q^2)$ and $F_3(x,Q^2)$ in the deep inelastic neutrino/antineutrino reactions in nuclei. We use a theoretical model for the nuclear spectral functions which incorporates the conventional nuclear effects, such as Fermi motion, binding and nucleon correlations. We also consider the pion and rho meson cloud contributions calculated from a microscopic model for meson-nucleus self-energies. The calculations have been performed using relativistic nuclear spectral functions which include nucleon correlations. Our results are compared with the experimental data of NuTeV and CDHSW.

Haider, H; Athar, M Sajjad; Vacas, M J Vicente

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Loop Equation in Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The incompressible fluid dynamics is reformulated as dynamics of closed loops $C$ in coordinate space. This formulation allows to derive explicit functional equation for the generating functional $\\Psi[C]$ in inertial range of spatial scales, which allows the scaling solutions. The requirement of finite energy dissipation rate leads then to the Kolmogorov index. We find an exact steady solution of the loop equation in inertial range of the loop sizes. The generating functional decreases as $\\EXP{-A^{\\tt}}$ where $A=\\oint_C r \\wedge dr$ is the area inside the loop. The pdf for the velocity circulation $\\Gamma$ is Lorentzian, with the width $\\bar{\\Gamma} \\propto A^{\\tt} $.

Alexander A. Migdal

1993-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

427

Cosmic Strings in Supergravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is pointed out that various types of cosmic string solutions that exist in nonsupersymmetric and globally supersymmetric theories, such as D-type gauge strings, F-type global and gauge strings, and superconducting Witten strings, also exist in supergravity models. When the D term and superpotential satisfy some simple conditions allowing the determination of a set of vacuum states with nontrivial topology, the existence of a string embedded within a supersymmetric vacuum with vanishing cosmological constant can be inferred. Supergravity also admits other string solutions, some of which have no counterparts in globally supersymmetric theories.

J. R. Morris

1997-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

428

Magnetocaloric effect in manganites  

SciTech Connect

The magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in La{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}MnO{sub 3}, Sm{sub 0.55}Sr{sub 0.45}MnO{sub 3}, and PrBaMn{sub 2}O{sub 6} compounds is studied. The maximum values of MCE ({Delta}T{sub max}) determined by a direct method in the second and third compositions and in La{sub 0.9}Sr{sub 0.1}MnO{sub 3} are found to be much lower than those calculated from the change of the magnetic part of entropy in the Curie temperature (T{sub C}) and the Neel temperature (T{sub N}) range. The negative contribution of the antiferromagnetic (AFM) part of a sample in the La{sub 1-x}Sr{sub x}MnO{sub 3} system at 0.1 {<=} x {<=} 0.3 decreases {Delta}T{sub max} and changes the {Delta}T(T) curve shape, shifting its maximum 20-40 K above T{sub C}. Lower values of {Delta}T{sub max} are detected in the range T{sub C} = 130-142 K in polycrystalline and single-crystal Sm{sub 0.55}Sr{sub 0.45}MnO{sub 3} samples cooled in air. If such samples were cooled in an oxygen atmosphere (which restores broken Mn-O-Mn bonds and, thus, increases the volume of CE-type AFM clusters), the maximum in the temperature dependence of MCE is located at T{sub N} (243 K) for CE-type AFM clusters. A magnetic field applied to a sample during the MCE measurements transforms these clusters into a ferromagnetic (FM) state, and both types of clusters decompose at T = T{sub N}. The PrBaMn{sub 2}O{sub 6} composition undergoes an AFM-FM transition at 231 K, and the temperature dependence of its MCE has a sharp minimum at T = 234 K, where MCE is negative, and a broad maximum covering T{sub C}. The absolute values of MCE at both extrema are several times lower than those calculated from the change in the magnetic entropy. These phenomena are explained by the presence of a magnetically heterogeneous FM-AFM state in these manganites.

Koroleva, L. I., E-mail: koroleva@phys.msu.ru; Zashchirinskii, D. M.; Morozov, A. S. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation); Szymczak, R. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics (Poland)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

429

NERSC In the News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supernova to be visible for 2 nights Supernova to be visible for 2 nights September 8, 2011 | Author(s): David Perlman | Source: SF Gate | PTF11kly.png 'Instant Cosmic Classic' Supernova Discovered August 26, 2011 | Source: Slashdot | 3D Map To Compute Matter Distribution In Universe - SDSS Aftermath January 12, 2012 | Source: CrazyEngineers VoiCE | A Stellar Explosion In The Big Dipper's Handle September 3, 2011 | Author(s): Scott Simon | Source: NPR | fireball-particles.jpg Anti-Helium Discovered in the Heart of STAR April 25, 2011 | Source: Red Orbit | Eighteen examples of the heaviest antiparticle ever found, the nucleus of antihelium-4, have been made in the STAR experiment at RHIC, the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. NERSC provides computing resources to the

430

Trends in stationary energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

431

Essays in development economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont.) social activities. These results are unlikely to be driven by omitted environmental variables: social violence increases fastest where participation in Koran study also increases the fastest, and this is not true ...

Chen, Daniel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Hugo Loetscher: In Memoriam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the FRG in his novel Noah (1967). The building of the Arkturn against each-other, Noah comes to the conclusion thatthan obvious; interestingly, Noah was rediscovered at the

Dewulf, Jeroen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Best Practices in Intergenerational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(T/TAC; www. ttac.vt.edu) for students in Virginia; and online retailers and DIY sites, such as www. enablemart.com, www.seniorssuperstores. com, and www.pinterest.com/otconsulting/ diy-adapt/, offer resources

Liskiewicz, Maciej

434

Corrosion in Specialized Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...typically addressed in atmospheric corrosion. Solar heating can produce water at ambient temperatures below the freezing point; melt water can concentrate corrosive ions; extreme climatic conditions make maintenance and repairs difficult. These factors place unexpected corrosion demands on...

435

Housing policy in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Computers in Commercial Buildings  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

has risen as well. The Annual Energy Outlook 2002 forecasts that commercial energy demand will grow at an average annual rate of 1.7 percent, with the most rapid increases in...

437

In other news  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In other news In other news Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit In other news Environmental sustainability, Science Bowl winners and new Pinterest site. April 1, 2013 The Lab's Pinterest site The Lab's Pinterest site. Contact Editor Linda Anderman Email Community Programs Office Kurt Steinhaus Email 2013 Site Sustainability Plan released The Lab looked 50 years into the future to write a strategy to protect its environment, facilities, employees and the public. This strategy was released in January and is available as both a PDF called Long-Term Strategy for Environmental Stewardship & Sustainability and as an interactive website with videos and interactive maps at http://www.lanl.gov/projects/envplan/.

438

Trends in stationary energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in stationary energy Trends in stationary energy Colin McCormick Senior Advisor for R&D Office of the Under Secretary US Department of Energy Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2013 April 2013 2 Under Secretary of Energy * Oversee the applied energy programs * Efficiency & Renewables * Electric grid * Fossil energy * Nuclear energy * Indian energy * Support interactions with Office of Science, ARPA-E * Support cross-cutting topics in energy systems * Energy systems interaction * Water-energy nexus * Bulk energy storage * Energy finance * International Lab engagement * Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR) 3 2013: Already a busy year for energy 4 Some notable trends in stationary energy The water-energy nexus The rise of natural gas Global trends New models for the grid

439

NERSC In the News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC in the News NERSC in the News NERSC in the News Sort by: Default | Name | Date (low-high) | Date (high-low) | Source Creating the First 100 Gbps Research Link across the Atlantic May 1, 2013 | Source: Scientific Computing | NERSC Managers Shed Light on 'Edison' April 29, 2013 | Named Edison, NERSC's new machine is a Cray XC30 with 664 compute nodes and 10,624 cores. Each node has two eight-core Intel "Sandy Bridge" processors running at 2.6 GHz (16 cores per node), and has 64 GB of memory. Controlling proton source speeds catalyst in turning electricity to fuel April 26, 2013 | Source: Phys.org | Berkeley Lab scientists to use supercomputer for research on genome, clean energy April 16, 2013 | Source: Daily Californian | Silicon Atoms Dance on Graphene Sheet

440

Progress in Residential Retrofit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Cutting Edge: Progress in Residential Retrofit The Cutting Edge: Progress in Residential Retrofit A geographic representation of saturations of ceiling fans based on data from the RASSes. White areas indicate a lack of data for that region. Many utilities survey their customers to learn more about the buildings and the occupants in their service areas. These surveys-usually called "residential appliance saturation surveys," or RASSes-ask for the number and types of appliances present, the number of people living in the home, and sometimes personal information. The RASSes are also used to collect information about the presence of conservation measures such as wall and ceiling insulation, weatherstripping, multipane windows, and water flow restrictors. Building Energy Analysis Group researchers Alan Meier and Brian Pon gathered RASSes

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Electricity in the Body  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electricity in the Body Name: SEAN Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: OUR BRAINS SEND ELECTRICAL IMPULSES RIGHT. IS IT BASICALLY SAME AS NORMAL ELECTRICITY? IS IT LIKE...

442

Essays in international finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of three essays on exchange rate policies and international capital flows in emerging markets. The first chapter examines the theoretical foundations of the "fear of floating" that has been ...

Jones, Geraint Paul

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

In the News  

Office of Science (SC) Website

of - the Nation's research programs in high-energy physics, nuclear physics, and fusion energy sciences. en 70AD956E-442E-42EE-856F-853E4B26B77Dhttps:www.ameslab.govnews...

444

Essays in Energy Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of observations in each climate zone differ somewhat betweenPG&E Customer SCE Customer SDG&E Customer Climate Zone1 Climate Zone 2 Climate Zone 3 Climate Zone 4 Number of

Spurlock, Cecily Anna

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Fish in electrical storms  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fish in electrical storms Name: Kelly A Krugeger Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: I have always been told to stay out of water during an electrical storm...

446

Art in Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to collaborate with architect I . M . Pei in the design ofwith the artists and the architects, with the many users andand whether artists and architects might collaborate on a

Campbell, Robert; Cruikshank, Jeffrey

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Entrapment in the Net?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Internet stings to catch child molesters raise problems for popular tests of entrapment that focus on causation, initiative, counterfactuals, and subjective predisposition. An objective test of entrapment works better in the context of the Internet. ...

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

ORNL in the News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

worth of wear and tear on drivetrains in a few months...1121 National Foes of an Iran nuclear deal refocus on containing the damage (CS Monitor) Realizing they cannot...

449

Carbon in Atlantic Ocean  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Atlantic Ocean About CARINA NDP-091: CARINA Data Synthesis Project The CARINA Group CARINA Cruise Summary Table and Data CARINA Data Products CARINA Database V1.2 ODV Collection...

450

In the Virtual Extension  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To ensure the timely publication of articles, Communications created the Virtual Extension (VE) to expand the page limitations of the print edition by bringing readers the same high-quality articles in an online-only format. VE articles undergo ...

CACM Staff

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Change in historic buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Change in historic buildings is inevitable. If these changes are not well-managed, the cityscape will be threatened because a city is composed of buildings. A good city should combine both growth and preservation. Controlling ...

Yin, Chien-Ni

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

In other news  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

go to the Big Sky Learning's site. New Secretary of Energy announced: Dr. Ernest Moniz On May 16, Dr. Ernest Moniz was sworn in as the nation's 13th Secretary of Energy,...

453

Modons in Shear Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modons in shear flow are computed as equilibrium solutions of the equivalent barotropic vorticity equation using a numerical Newton–Kantorovich iterative technique with double Fourier spectral expansion. The model is given a first guess of an ...

Sue Ellen Haupt; James C. McWilliams; Joseph J. Tribbia

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Welcome Year in Review  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1 NMMSS Users Annual Training Meeting Orlando, Florida-May 23-25, 2006 Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy & the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Welcome & Year In Review...

455

Setup in the surfzone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surfzone wave height transformation and wave-breaking-driven increases in the mean sea level (setup) are examined on alongshore-uniform beaches with alongshore homogeneous and inhomogeneous wave forcing. While previously ...

Apotsos, Alex

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Orbit Spaces in Superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the framework of Landau theory of phase transitions one is interested to describe all the possible low symmetry ``superconducting'' phases allowed for a given superconductor crystal and to determine the conditions under which this crystal undergoes a phase transition. These problems are best described and analyzed in the orbit space of the high symmetry group of the ``normal, non-superconducting'' phase of the crystal. In this article it is worked out a simple example concerning superconductivity, that shows the P-matrix method to determine the equations and inequalities defining the orbit space and its stratification. This approach is of general validity and can be used in all physical problems that make use of invariant functions, as long as the symmetry group is compact.

Vittorino Talamini

2006-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

457

Sodar in Dispersion Modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Usefulness of sodar data for dispersion modeling has been highlighted. A case study of using sodar data in a simple Gaussian dispersion model to calculate ground-level concentration of particulate matter emitted from a cement plant has been ...

B. S. Gera; D. R. Pahwa; Neeraj Saxena; Gurbir Singh; Rakesh Aggarwal

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Science in the News  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science in the News Now you can get science news from many U.S. science agencies via a new feed at Science.gov. From aftershock assessment of earthquakes to food recalls to U.S....

459

Sustainability in architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current standard practice in architecture does not take into account the external societal costs that a building creates. To understand the total consequences of a building, one must consider all of the ecological and human ...

Cordero, Elizabeth, 1959-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Social networking in vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-vehicle, location-aware, socially aware telematic systems, known as Flossers, stand to revolutionize vehicles, and how their drivers interact with their physical and social worlds. With Flossers, users can broadcast and ...

Liang, Philip Angus

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Data Assimilation in Geosciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data Assimilation in Geosciences: A highly multidisciplinary enterprise Adrian Sandu Computational Science Laboratory Department of Computer Science Virginia Tech #12;Data assimilation fuses information kinetics Aerosols Model Transport Meteorology Emissions Observations Data Assimilation Targeted Observ

462

Phytoplankton in flow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phytoplankton are small, unicellular organisms, which form the base of the marine food web and are cumulatively responsible for almost half the global production of oxygen. While phytoplankton live in an environment ...

Durham, William McKinney

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Essays in empirical microeconomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays addressing open empirical questions in applied microeconomics. Chapter 1 attempts to quantify the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture. I use historical data on past yearly ...

Guiteras, Raymond P

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

NERSC In the News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Microscopy Reveals 'Atomic Antenna' Behavior in Graphene January 21, 2012 | NERSC Managers Shed Light on 'Edison' April 29, 2013 | Named Edison, NERSC's new machine is a Cray XC30...

465

Essays in financial economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Chapter 1, we seek to understand the relation between liquidity and market imperfections from two dimensions: 1) Across liquidity measures, we compare the influence of imperfections on two commonly used measures, Kyle's ...

Zhou, Yifan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Essays in labor economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with low skill and capital intensity have highly productiveaccumulation (skill and capital intensity) on the other.is just growth in capital intensity (K/L). 48 Even with this

Chou, Tiffany

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Essays in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines questions in macroeconomics motivated by the 2007-2008 financial crisis and its aftermath. Chapter 1 studies the impact of a housing bust on regional labor reallocation and the labor market. I document ...

Nenov, Plamen T. (Plamen Toshkov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Essays in political economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays. The first chapter is an empirical investigation of social change, looking at the Prohibition Era in the U.S. It explores how the implementation of policies affects the evolution ...

García Jimeno, Camilo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Anemometry in Icing Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accuracy of wind measurements in icing conditions is discussed, and wind tunnel calibrations as well as field comparisons are presented for three heated anemometers that use different measuring principles. It is pointed out that ice-free ...

Lasse Makkonen; Pertti Lehtonen; Lauri Helle

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Computer Forensics In Forensis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 2007. [62] K. J. Ziese. Computer based forensics – a caseU.N. In Proceedings of CMAD IV: Computer Misuse and Anomalyinvestigations. Journal of Computer Security, 12(5):753–776,

Peisert, Sean; Bishop, Matt; Marzullo, Keith

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Clusters in Light Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A great deal of research work has been undertaken in the alpha-clustering study since the pioneering discovery, half a century ago, of 12C+12C molecular resonances. Our knowledge of the field of the physics of nuclear molecules has increased considerably and nuclear clustering remains one of the most fruitful domains of nuclear physics, facing some of the greatest challenges and opportunities in the years ahead. In this work, the occurence of "exotic" shapes in light N=Z alpha-like nuclei is investigated. Various approaches of superdeformed and hyperdeformed bands associated with quasimolecular resonant structures are presented. Results on clustering aspects are also discussed for light neutron-rich Oxygen isotopes.

C. Beck; P. Papka; A. Sanchez i Zafra; S. Thummerer; F. Azaiez; P. Bednarczyk; S. Courtin; D. Curien; O. Dorvaux; A. Goasduff; D. Lebhertz; A. Nourreddine; M. Rousseau; M. -D. Salsac; W. von Oertzen; B. Gebauer; C. Wheldon; Tz. Kokalova; G. Efimov; V. Zherebchevsky; Ch. Schulz; H. G. Bohlen; D. Kamanin; G. de Angelis; A. Gadea; S. Lenzi; D. R. Napoli; S. Szilner; M. Milin; W. N. Catford; D. G. Jenkins; G. Royer

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Magnetic Order in Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Unconventional Ferromagnetic Transition In La 1-x Ca x MnO 3 , JW Lynn, RW Erwin, JA Borchers, Q. Huang, A. Santoro, JL Peng, and ZY Li, Phys. ...

473

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Reduction-in-Force  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reduction in force (RIF) is a set of regulations and procedures that are used to determine whether an employee keeps his or her present position, or whether the employee has a right to another...

475

Essays in capital markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays in capital markets. The first essay presents a dynamic asset pricing model with heterogeneously informed agents. Unlike previous research, the general case where differential information ...

Makarov, Igor, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

In Brief . ... Symposia, Sirenia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

utilization and factors affecting fish utilization through both scientific and industrial presentations Orleans Hotel. New Orleans, La., will sponsor an in-depth discussion of marine management as it applies

477

Three essays in finance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three essays on asset pricing. Chapter 1 presents an equilibrium model to study the convergence trading of large hedge funds in segmented markets. The model provides an alternative explanation for ...

He, Li, 1977-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Essays in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation consists of three essays. The first one studies the effect of labor policy, in particular of firing costs, on financially restricted firms. It proposes and models an effect of firing costs that has not ...

Bennett, Herman Z

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

In This Issue:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In the case of zinc, AH/RTn2=0.0019 K-', which indicates that the ... The heater wire was an alloy (principally nickel and chromium) of low-temperature ...

2003-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

480

Advances in quantum metrology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The statistical error in any estimation can be reduced by repeating the measurement and averaging the results. The central limit theorem implies that the reduction is proportional to the square root of the number of ...

Giovannetti, Vittorio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiknock in dex" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Phoresis in fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a unified theory of phoretic phenomena in single-component fluids. Simple formulas are given for the phoretic velocities of small inert force-free non-Brownian particles migrating through otherwise ...

Brenner, Howard

482

No Prejudice in Space  

SciTech Connect

We present a summary of recent results obtained from a scan of the 19-dimensional parameter space of the pMSSM and its implications for dark matter searches. We have generated a large set of points in parameter space (which we call 'models') for the 19-parameter CP-conserving pMSSM, where MFV has been assumed. We subjected these models to numerous experimental and theoretical constraints to obtain a set of {approx}68 K models which are consistent with existing data. We attempted to be somewhat conservative in our implementation of these constraints; in particular we only demanded that the relic density of the LSP not be greater than the measured value of {Omega}H{sup 2} for non-baryonic dark matter, rather than assuming that the LSP must account for the entire observed relic density. Examining the properties of the neutralinos in these models, we find that many are relatively pure gauge eigenstates with Higgsinos being the most common, followed by Winos. The relative prevalence of Higgsino and Wino LSPs leads many of our models to have a chargino as nLSP, often with a relatively small mass splitting between this nLSP and the LSP; this has important consequences in both collider and astroparticle phenomenology. We find that, in general, the LSP in our models provides a relatively small ({approx} 4%) contribution to the dark matter, however there is a long tail to this distribution and a substantial number of models for which the LSP makes up all or most of the dark matter. Typically these neutralinos are mostly Binos. Examining the signatures of our models in direct and indirect dark matter detection experiments, we find a wide range of signatures for both cases. In particular, we find a much larger range of WIMP-nucleon cross sections than is found in any particular model of SUSY-breaking. As these cross sections also enter the regions of parameter space suggested by non-SUSY models, it appears that the discovery of WIMPs in direct detection experiments might not be sufficient to determine the correct model of the underlying physics. As a first look at the signatures of these models in indirect detection experiments, we examined whether our models could explain the PAMELA excess in the positron to electron ratio at high energies. We find that there are models which fit the PAMELA data rather well, and some of these have significantly smaller boost factors than generally assumed for a thermal relic. The study of the pMSSM presents exciting new possibilities for SUSY phenomenology. The next few years will hopefully see important discoveries both in colliders and in satellite or ground-based astrophysical experiments. It is important that we follow the data and not our existing prejudices; hopefully this sort of relatively model-independent approach to collider and astrophysical phenomenology can be useful in this regard.

Cotta, R.C.; Gainer, J.S.; Hewett, J.L.; Rizzo, T.G.; /SLAC

2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

483

Wild Birds in Captivity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wild Birds in Captivity Name: Suzanne Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Our cat has found a young cedar waxwing - which he left unharmed - on our lawn. We have taken...

484

Experiments in service learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Service learning, an educational method that involves the application of academic work to projects that benefit under-served communities, was explored in two complementary forms. First, the development of an alternative ...

Banzaert, Amy, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Essays in Energy Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Minimum & Energy Star Standards Price Price Price MarketEnergy Star Standards 2.2 Model of Consumer Durables and Market Power 2.2.1 Monopoly Priceaffect on market prices of either the minimum or Energy Star

Spurlock, Cecily Anna

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Calorimetry Triggering in ATLAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ATLAS experiment is preparing for data taking at 14 TeV collision energy. A rich discovery physics program is being prepared in addition to the detailed study of Standard Model processes which will be produced in abundance. The ATLAS multi-level trigger system is designed to accept one event in 2/10{sup 5} to enable the selection of rare and unusual physics events. The ATLAS calorimeter system is a precise instrument, which includes liquid Argon electro-magnetic and hadronic components as well as a scintillator-tile hadronic calorimeter. All these components are used in the various levels of the trigger system. A wide physics coverage is ensured by inclusively selecting events with candidate electrons, photons, taus, jets or those with large missing transverse energy. The commissioning of the trigger system is being performed with cosmic ray events and by replaying simulated Monte Carlo events through the trigger and data acquisition system.

Igonkina, O.; /NIKHEF, Amsterdam; Achenbach, R.; /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys.; Adragna, P.; /Queen Mary, U. of London; Aharrouche, M.; /Mainz U., Inst. Phys.; Alexandre, G.; /Geneva U.; Andrei, V.; /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys.; Anduaga, X.; /La Plata U.; Aracena, I.; /SLAC; Backlund, S.; /CERN; Baines, J.; /Rutherford; Barnett, B.M.; /Rutherford; Bauss, B.; /Mainz U., Inst. Phys.; Bee, C.; /Marseille, CPPM; Behera, P.; /Iowa State U.; Bell, P.; /Manchester U.; Bendel, M.; /Mainz U., Inst. Phys.; Benslama, K.; /Regina U.; Berry, T.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Bogaerts, A.; /CERN; Bohm, C.; /Stockholm U.; Bold, T.; /UC, Irvine /AGH-UST, Cracow /Birmingham U. /Barcelona, IFAE /CERN /Birmingham U. /Rutherford /Montreal U. /Santa Maria U., Valparaiso /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Geneva U. /City Coll., N.Y. /Barcelona, IFAE /CERN /Birmingham U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Birmingham U. /Lisbon, LIFEP /Rio de Janeiro Federal U. /City Coll., N.Y. /Birmingham U. /Copenhagen U. /Copenhagen U. /Brookhaven /Rutherford /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Pennsylvania U. /Montreal U. /SLAC /CERN /Michigan State U. /Chile U., Catolica /City Coll., N.Y. /Oxford U. /La Plata U. /McGill U. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Hamburg U. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Geneva U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /CERN /Rutherford /Rio de Janeiro Federal U. /Birmingham U. /Montreal U. /CERN /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Liverpool U. /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Pennsylvania U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Geneva U. /Birmingham U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Rutherford /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Rutherford /Royal Holloway, U. of London /AGH-UST, Cracow /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Birmingham U. /Hamburg U. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Geneva U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Michigan State U. /Stockholm U. /Stockholm U. /Birmingham U. /CERN /Montreal U. /Stockholm U. /Arizona U. /Regina U. /Regina U. /Rutherford /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /City Coll., N.Y. /University Coll. London /Humboldt U., Berlin /Queen Mary, U. of London /Argonne /LPSC, Grenoble /Arizona U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Birmingham U. /Antonio Narino U. /Hamburg U. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Birmingham U. /Chile U., Catolica /Indiana U. /Manchester U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Rutherford /City Coll., N.Y. /Stockholm U. /La Plata U. /Antonio Narino U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Antonio Narino U. /Pavia U. /City Coll., N.Y. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Pennsylvania U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Barcelona, IFAE /Chile U., Catolica /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Rutherford /Barcelona, IFAE /Nevis Labs, Columbia U. /CERN /Antonio Narino U. /McGill U. /Rutherford /Santa Maria U., Valparaiso /Rutherford /Chile U., Catolica /Brookhaven /Oregon U. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Barcelona, IFAE /McGill U. /Antonio Narino U. /Antonio Narino U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Sydney U. /Rutherford /McGill U. /McGill U. /Pavia U. /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Barcelona, IFAE /SLAC /Stockholm U. /Moscow State U. /Stockholm U. /Birmingham U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /DESY /DESY, Zeuthen /Birmingham U. /Geneva U. /Oregon U. /Barcelona, IFAE /University Coll. London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Birmingham U. /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /Birmingham U. /Birmingham U. /Oregon U. /La Plata U. /Geneva U. /Chile U., Catolica /McGill U. /Pavia U. /Barcelona, IFAE /Regina U. /Birmingham U. /Birmingham U. /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /Oxford U. /CERN /Kirchhoff Inst. Phys. /UC, Irvine /UC, Irvine /Wisconsin U., Madison /Rutherford /Mainz U., Inst. Phys. /CERN /Geneva U. /Copenhagen U. /City Coll., N.Y. /Wisconsin U., Madison /Rio de Janeiro Federal U. /Wisconsin U., Madison /Stockholm U. /University Coll. London

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

487

quintana in Monkey (Macaca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

., Luttropp, M. E., Mazze, R. I., and Kosek, J. C. Carcinogen bioassay of nitrous oxide in mice. Anesthesiology 64: 747- 750(1986). 49. Baden, J. M., Kundomal, Y. R., Mazze, R. I., and Kosek, J. C. Carcinogen

Brown, James W.

488

Essays in political accountability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is composed by three independent essays on the limits of political accountability. In the first essay I analyze an extremely stylized model of political agency with two dimensional outcomes. I show that the ...

Padró i Miquel, Gerard

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Clouds in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clouds within the inner regions of tropical cyclones are unlike those anywhere else in the atmosphere. Convective clouds contributing to cyclogenesis have rotational and deep intense updrafts but tend to have relatively weak downdrafts. Within the ...

Robert A. Houze Jr.

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Essays in economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first chapter analyzes incentives and quality in hospitals with physician-investors. Proponents of physician ownership argue that it improves care; opponents claim that physician-investors "cherry-pick" profitable ...

Swanson, Ashley (Ashley Terese)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Islands in Zonal Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of a meridional gradient in sea surface temperature (warm toward the equator, cold toward the pole) on the circulation around an island is investigated. The upper-ocean eastward geostrophic flow that balances such a meridional gradient ...

Michael A. Spall

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Statistics in Ancient History  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper uses new data to extend the argument that there was an integrated wheat market in the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire. I explore the meaning of randomness when data are scarce, and I investigate how ...

Temin, Peter

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

493

Suspensions in hydraulic fracturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Suspensions or slurries are widely used in well stimulation and hydraulic fracturing processes to enhance the production of oil and gas from the underground hydrocarbon-bearing formation. The success of these processes depends significantly upon having a thorough understanding of the behavior of suspensions used. Therefore, the characterization of suspensions under realistic conditions, for their rheological and hydraulic properties, is very important. This chapter deals with the state-of-the-art hydraulic fracturing suspension technology. Specifically it deals with various types of suspensions used in well stimulation and fracturing processes, their rheological characterization and hydraulic properties, behavior of suspensions in horizontal wells, review of proppant settling velocity and proppant transport in the fracture, and presently available measurement techniques for suspensions and their merits. Future industry needs for better understanding of the complex behavior of suspensions are also addressed. 74 refs., 21 figs., 1 tab.

Shah, S.N. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

494

IMPROVEMENTS IN POWER PLANT  

SciTech Connect

A power plant for nuclear reactors is designed for improved cycle efficiency. In addition to the usual heat exchanger for heat transfer from gaseous reactor coolant to water for vaporization, a second heat exchanger is provided between the first heat exchanger and a point betwveen the intermediate- pressure and low-pressure turbine stages. In this way, interstage reheating of the steam is obtained without passage of the steam back to the first heat exchanger. (D.L.C.) Research Reactors

Peters, M.C.

1961-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

495

Disfluencies in switchboard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Disfluencies (“um, ” repeats, self-repairs) are prevalent in spontaneous speech, and are relevant to both human speech communication and speech processing by machine. Although disfluencies have commonly been viewed as ‘noisy ’ events, results from a large descriptive study indicate that disfluencies show regularities in a number of dimensions [9]. This paper reports selected results on Switchboard and two comparison corpora of spontaneous speech. Results illustrate the systematic distribution of disfluencies, and highlight differences as well as universals across corpora and speakers. 1.

Elizabeth Shriberg

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Intermittency in Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive from the Navier-Stokes equation an exact equation satisfied by the dissipation rate correlation function. We exploit its mathematical similarity to the corresponding equation derived from the 1-dimensional stochastic Burgers equation to determine the intermittency exponents in terms of the exponents characterizing the behavior of the dynamical velocity structure functions. We discuss the role of sweeping and Galilean invariance in determining the intermittency exponents

F. Hayot; C. Jayaprakash

1999-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

497

FROZEN HYDROCARBONS IN COMETS  

SciTech Connect

Recent investigations of the luminescence of frozen hydrocarbon particles of icy cometary halos have been carried out. The process of luminescence of organic icy particles in a short-wavelength solar radiation field is considered. A comparative analysis of observed and laboratory data leads to 72 luminescent emission lines in the spectrum of the comet 153P/Ikeya-Zhang. The concept of cometary relict matter is presented, and the creation of a database of unidentified cometary emission lines is proposed.

Simonia, Irakli, E-mail: irakli.simonia@jcu.edu.au [School of Graduate Studies, Ilia State University, 3/5 Cholokashvili Street, Tbilisi, 0162 (Georgia); Center for Astronomy, James Cook University, Townsville QLD 4811 (Australia)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

498

ago in Biblical time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Editor-in-Chief of Virology Journal and the authors of this article [1] acknowledge that the article does not provide the type of robust supporting data required for a case report and that the observations made are mostly speculative. As such, the article does not fulfill the criteria for a case report and does not meet the high standards expected of the journal. The authors and the Editor-in-Chief have therefore agreed to retract the article.

Kam Le Hon; Pak C Ng; Ting F Leung; Inclusion In Pubmed; Google Scholar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z