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1

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Magnetic materials are characterized by the ordering of electron spins, with nearest-neighbor spins parallel to each other in ferromagnetic (FM) materials and antiparallel to each other in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. As the size of a magnetic system is reduced to micron scale, it has been shown that the spins in an FM microstructure can curl around to form a magnetic vortex state. While there has been intensive activity in the study of vortex states in FM disks, there has been no direct observation of such states in an AFM microstructure, although theory predicts many interesting and unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic disk structures using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at ALS Beamlines 4.0.2 and 11.0.1 , respectively. The experiments observed two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analogue in FM vortices.

2

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Magnetic materials are characterized by the ordering of electron spins, with nearest-neighbor spins parallel to each other in ferromagnetic (FM) materials and antiparallel to each other in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. As the size of a magnetic system is reduced to micron scale, it has been shown that the spins in an FM microstructure can curl around to form a magnetic vortex state. While there has been intensive activity in the study of vortex states in FM disks, there has been no direct observation of such states in an AFM microstructure, although theory predicts many interesting and unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic disk structures using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at ALS Beamlines 4.0.2 and 11.0.1 , respectively. The experiments observed two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analogue in FM vortices.

3

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Print Magnetic materials are characterized by the ordering of electron spins, with nearest-neighbor spins parallel to each other in ferromagnetic (FM) materials and antiparallel to each other in antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials. As the size of a magnetic system is reduced to micron scale, it has been shown that the spins in an FM microstructure can curl around to form a magnetic vortex state. While there has been intensive activity in the study of vortex states in FM disks, there has been no direct observation of such states in an AFM microstructure, although theory predicts many interesting and unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic disk structures using x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) and photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM) at ALS Beamlines 4.0.2 and 11.0.1 , respectively. The experiments observed two types of AFM vortices, one of which has no analogue in FM vortices.

4

Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

unique properties for the AFM vortex state. Recently, a research team from Berkeley, Korea, and China has taken the first direct image of an AFM vortex in multilayered magnetic...

5

Twisted vortex state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study a twisted vortex bundle where quantized vortices form helices circling around the axis of the bundle in a "force-free" configuration. Such a state is created by injecting vortices into rotating vortex-free superfluid. Using continuum theory we determine the structure and the relaxation of the twisted state. This is confirmed by numerical calculations. We also present experimental evidence of the twisted vortex state in superfluid 3He-B.

V. B. Eltsov; A. P. Finne; R. Hanninen; J. Kopu; M. Krusius; M. Tsubota; E. V. Thuneberg

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

6

Ferroelectric nanostructure having switchable multi-stable vortex states  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A ferroelectric nanostructure formed as a low dimensional nano-scale ferroelectric material having at least one vortex ring of polarization generating an ordered toroid moment switchable between multi-stable states. A stress-free ferroelectric nanodot under open-circuit-like electrical boundary conditions maintains such a vortex structure for their local dipoles when subject to a transverse inhomogeneous static electric field controlling the direction of the macroscopic toroidal moment. Stress is also capable of controlling the vortex's chirality, because of the electromechanical coupling that exists in ferroelectric nanodots.

Naumov, Ivan I. (Fayetteville, AR); Bellaiche, Laurent M. (Fayetteville, AR); Prosandeev, Sergey A. (Fayetteville, AR); Ponomareva, Inna V. (Fayetteville, AR); Kornev, Igor A. (Fayetteville, AR)

2009-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

7

ON THE COMPETITION BETWEEN FERROMAGNETIC AND ANTIFERROMAGNETIC STATES IN Sr2MnMoO6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is argued that the magnetic behavior of Sr2MnMoO6 is determined by the existence of two total energy minima corresponding to the metallic ferromagnetic and insulating antiferromagnetic states, which may be nearly degenerate depending on the magnitude of the breathing distortion. PACS: 71.20.Be; 71.70.Gm; 72.25.Ba; 75.30.Et

I. V. Solovyev

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

A numerical study of steady-state vortex configurations and vortex pinning in type-II superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In part I, a numerical study of the mixed states in a mesoscopic type-II superconducting cylinder is described. Steady-state configurations and transient behavior of the magnetic vortices for various values of the applied magnetic field H are presented. Transitions between different multi-vortex states as H is changed is demonstrated by abrupt changes in vortex configurations and jumps in the B vs H plot. An efficient scheme to determine the equilibrium vortex configuration in a mesoscopic system at any given applied field, not limited to the symmetry of the system, is devised and demonstrated. In part II, a superconducting thin film is subject to a non-uniform magnetic field from a vertical magnetic dipole, consisting of two magnetic monopoles of opposite charges. For a film with constant thickness and with no pins, it has been found that the film carries two pairs of vortex-antivortex in the steady state in the imposed flux range of 2.15 < (Phi)+ < 2.90 (in units of flux quantum) and no vortex at all for (Phi)+ <= 2.15. Transitions from a superconducting state with 3 pairs of vortex-antivortex to one with 2 pairs, where a pair of vortex-antivortex annihilates, have been observed in the pseudo-time sequence. With a perturbation with antidots (holes), vortexantivortex pair has been created for lower magnetic fluxes down to (Phi)+ = 1.3. In the sample of size 16(Xi) x 16(Xi), the attraction force between the vortex and antivortex always dominates over the pinning force, so that they eventually come out of pins, move toward each other, and annihilate each other. The annihilation rate, measured with time taken for the annihilation, is reduced noticeably by the increase of the distance between pins, or the increase in the pin size. A simulation of the magnetic vortex pinning in the sample of size 32(Xi) x 32(Xi) suggests we are likely to achieve pinning of the vortex-antivortex pair with the sample size around this and vortex-antivortex separation of 22(Xi). Using this sample as a template, the maximum density of pinned vortices achievable is calculates to be about 7.6 x 10^14 vortices/m2 for (Xi) =~ 1.6A°.

Kim, Sangbum

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Switching a magnetic vortex by interlayer coupling in epitaxially grown Co/Cu/Py/Cu(001) trilayer disks  

SciTech Connect

Epitaxial Py/Cu/Co/Cu(001) trilayers were patterned into micron sized disks and imaged using element-specific photoemission electron microscopy. By varying the Cu spacer layer thickness, we study how the coupling between the two magnetic layers influences the formation of magnetic vortex states. We find that while the Py and Co disks form magnetic vortex domains when the interlayer coupling is ferromagnetic, the magnetic vortex domains of the Py and Co disks break into anti-parallel aligned multidomains when the interlayer coupling is antiferromagnetic. We explain this result in terms of magnetic flux closure between the Py and Co layers for the antiferromagnetic coupling case.

Wu, J.; Carlton, D.; Oelker, E.; Park, J. S.; Jin, E.; Arenholz, E.; Scholl, A.; Hwang, C.; Bokor, J.; Qiu, Z Q

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

3D-vortex labyrinths in the near field of solid-state microchip laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spatiotemporal vortex lattices generated in high Fresnel number solid-state microchip lasers are studied in connection with Talbot phenomenon generic to spatially periodic electromagnetic fields. The spatial layout of light field is obtained via dynamical model based on Maxwell-Bloch equations for class-B laser, discrete Fox-Lee map with relaxation of inversion and static model based on superposition of copropagating Gaussian beams. The spatial patterns observed experimentally and obtained numerically are interpreted as nonlinear superposition of vortices with helicoidal phase dislocations. The usage of vortex labyrinths and Talbot lattices as optical dipole traps for neutral atoms is considered for the wavelength of trapping radiation in the range 0.98 $\\div$ 2.79 $\\mu m$. The separable optical trapping potential is mounted as a sum of array of vortex lines and additional parabolic subtrap. The factorization of macroscopic wavefunction have led to analytical solution of Gross-Pitaevski equation for ground state of ensemble of quantum particles trapped in vortex labyrinth and in spatially - periodic array of Gaussian beams.

A. Yu. Okulov

2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

11

Partially disordered state and spin-lattice coupling in an S=3/2 triangular lattice antiferromagnet Ag2CrO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ag{sub 2}CrO{sub 2} is an S = 3/2 frustrated triangular lattice antiferromagnet without an orbital degree of freedom. With decreasing temperature, a four-sublattice spin state develops. However, a long-range partially disordered state with five sublattices abruptly appears at T{sub N} = 24 K, accompanied by a structural distortion, and persists at least down to 2 K. The spin-lattice coupling stabilizes the anomalous state, which is expected to appear only in limited ranges of further-neighbor interactions and temperature. It was found that the spin-lattice coupling is a common feature in triangular lattice antiferromagnets with multiple-sublattice spin states, since the triangular lattice is elastic.

Matsuda, Masaaki [ORNL; Yoshida, H. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; Isobe, M. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan; De la cruz, Clarina [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Original articles: Vortex states in axially symmetric superconductors in applied magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We solve analytically the linearized Ginzburg-Landau (GL) equation in the presence of an uniform magnetic field with cylindrical boundary conditions. The solution of the non-linear GL equation is provided as an expansion in the basis of linearized solutions. ... Keywords: Axial magnetic field, Mesoscopic superconductivity, Nonlinear Ginzburg-Landau equation, Vortex

Andrei Ludu; Milorad V. Miloševi?; Francois M. Peeters

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Jamming Behavior of Domains in a Spiral Antiferromagnetic System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spectroscopy, this research shows that the domains of a spiral antiferromagnet enter a jammed state at the onset of long-range order. Researchers found that slow thermal...

14

Spintronics in antiferromagnets  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic domains and the walls between are the subject of great interest because of the role they play in determining the electrical properties of ferromagnetic materials and as a means of manipulating electron spin in spintronic devices. However, much less attention has been paid to these effects in antiferromagnets, primarily because there is less awareness of their existence in antiferromagnets, and in addition they are hard to probe since they exhibit no net magnetic moment. In this paper, we discuss the electrical properties of chromium, which is the only elemental antiferromagnet and how they depend on the subtle arrangement of the antiferromagnetically ordered spins. X-ray measurement of the modulation wavevector Q of the incommensurate antiferromagnetic spin-density wave shows thermal hysteresis, with the corresponding wavelength being larger during cooling than during warming. The thermal hysteresis in the Q vector is accompanied with a thermal hysteresis in both the longitudinal and Hall resistivity. During cooling, we measure a larger longitudinal and Hall resistivity compared with when warming, which indicates that a larger wavelength at a given temperature corresponds to a smaller carrier density or equivalently a larger antiferromagnetic ordering parameter compared to a smaller wavelength. This shows that the arrangement of the antiferromagnetic spins directly influences the transport properties. In thin films, the sign of the thermal hysteresis for Q is the same as in thick films, but a distinct aspect is that Q is quantized.

Soh, Yeong-Ah; Kummamuru, Ravi K. (ICL); (Dartmouth)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

15

Vortex methods and vortex statistics  

SciTech Connect

Vortex methods originated from the observation that in incompressible, inviscid, isentropic flow vorticity (or, more accurately, circulation) is a conserved quantity, as can be readily deduced from the absence of tangential stresses. Thus if the vorticity is known at time t = 0, one can deduce the flow at a later time by simply following it around. In this narrow context, a vortex method is a numerical method that makes use of this observation. Even more generally, the analysis of vortex methods leads, to problems that are closely related to problems in quantum physics and field theory, as well as in harmonic analysis. A broad enough definition of vortex methods ends up by encompassing much of science. Even the purely computational aspects of vortex methods encompass a range of ideas for which vorticity may not be the best unifying theme. The author restricts himself in these lectures to a special class of numerical vortex methods, those that are based on a Lagrangian transport of vorticity in hydrodynamics by smoothed particles (``blobs``) and those whose understanding contributes to the understanding of blob methods. Vortex methods for inviscid flow lead to systems of ordinary differential equations that can be readily clothed in Hamiltonian form, both in three and two space dimensions, and they can preserve exactly a number of invariants of the Euler equations, including topological invariants. Their viscous versions resemble Langevin equations. As a result, they provide a very useful cartoon of statistical hydrodynamics, i.e., of turbulence, one that can to some extent be analyzed analytically and more importantly, explored numerically, with important implications also for superfluids, superconductors, and even polymers. In the authors view, vortex ``blob`` methods provide the most promising path to the understanding of these phenomena.

Chorin, A.J.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

An Intense Small-Scale Wintertime Vortex in the Midwest United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An intense small-scale low pressure system that moved across portions of the midwest United States is examined. The system produced a continuous band of significant snowfall, typically only 50 km wide but extending over 1500 km in length. The ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; James F. Bresch

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Vortex Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by expanding it. Vortex Energy is a company located in Germany . References "Vortex Energy" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleVortexEnergy&oldid352892...

18

Vortex ice in nanostructured superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate using numerical simulations of nanostructured superconductors that it is possible to realize vortex ice states that are analogous to square and kagome ice. The system can be brought into a state that obeys either global or local ice rules by applying an external current according to an annealing protocol. We explore the breakdown of the ice rules due to disorder in the nanostructure array and show that in square ice, topological defects appear along grain boundaries, while in kagome ice, individual defects appear. We argue that the vortex system offers significant advantages over other artificial ice systems.

Reichhardt, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reichhardt, Cynthia J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Libal, Andras J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Vortex Breakdown in Atmospheric Columnar Vortices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vortex breakdown occurs in tornadoes and waterspouts. This phenomenon may give information on the state and future behavior of those whirlwinds. Because of the rarity of recorded events, archival sources are consulted for qualitative descriptions ...

H. J. Lugt

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Persistence of Metastable Vortex Lattice Domains in MgB2 in the Presence of Vortex Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, extensive vortex lattice metastability was reported in MgB2 in connection with a second-order rotational phase transition. However, the mechanism responsible for these well-ordered metastable vortex lattice phases is not well understood. Using small-angle neutron scattering, we studied the vortex lattice in MgB2 as it was driven from a metastable to the ground state through a series of small changes in the applied magnetic field. Our results show that metastable vortex lattice domains persist in the presence of substantial vortex motion and directly demonstrate that the metastability is not due to vortex pinning. Instead, we propose that it is due to the jamming of counterrotated vortex lattice domains which prevents a rotation to the ground state orientation.

Rastovski, Catherine [University of Notre Dame, IN; Schlesinger, Kimberly [University of Notre Dame, IN; Gannon, William J [Northwestern University, Evanston; Dewhurst, Charles [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Debeer-Schmitt, Lisa M [ORNL; Zhigadlo, Nikolai [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Karpinski, Janusz [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Eskildsen, Morten [University of Notre Dame, IN

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Improved vortex reactor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vortex reactor system for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor.

Diebold, James P. (Lakewood, CO); Scahill, John W. (Evergreen, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

An Investigation of a Three-Dimensional Asymmetric Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional numerical simulation is presented for the asymmetric vortex motion which occurs in a Ward-type vortex chamber. The initial state is taken to be one of axisymmetric irrotational flow where the flow enters through the sides at ...

Richard Rotunno

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

VORTEX.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vortex generator. Figure 5. The fan in its plenum-a two-speed stove fan mounted in a plywood box. It provides a vacuum at the top of the generator. The ruler is six inches long....

24

Improved vortex reactor system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved vortex reactor system is described for affecting fast pyrolysis of biomass and Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) feed materials comprising: a vortex reactor having its axis vertically disposed in relation to a jet of a horizontally disposed steam ejector that impels feed materials from a feeder and solids from a recycle loop along with a motive gas into a top part of said reactor. 12 figs.

Diebold, J.P.; Scahill, J.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

25

Observation of coupled vortex gyrations by 70-ps-time and 20-nm-space- resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect

We employed time-and space-resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy to observe vortex-core gyrations in a pair of dipolar-coupled vortex-state Permalloy (Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}) disks. The 70 ps temporal and 20 nm spatial resolution of the microscope enabled us to simultaneously measure vortex gyrations in both disks and to resolve the phases and amplitudes of both vortex-core positions. We observed their correlation for a specific vortex-state configuration. This work provides a robust and direct method of studying vortex gyrations in dipolar-coupled vortex oscillators.

Jung, Hyunsung; Yu, Young-Sang; Lee, Ki-Suk; Im, Mi-Young; Fischer, Peter; Bocklage, Lars; Vogel, Andreas; Bolte, Markus; Meier, Guido; Kim, Sang-Koog

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Entanglement of a Quantum Optical Elliptic Vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the entanglement of a generalized elliptical vortex formed by quantized radiation field, using Wigner quasiprobability distribution function for such states. We find a critical squeezing parameter above which the entanglement is less for higher vorticity, which is counter intuitive.

Abir Bandyopadhyay; Shashi Prabhakar; Ravindra Pratap Singh

2010-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

27

Entanglement of Quantum Optical Elliptic Vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the entanglement of a generalized elliptical vortex formed by quantized radiation field, using Wigner quasiprobability distribution function for such states. We find a critical squeezing parameter above which the entanglement is less for higher vorticity, which is counter intuitive.

Bandyopadhyay, Abir; Singh, Ravindra Pratap

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Vortex Hydro Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydro Energy LLC Hydro Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Vortex Hydro Energy LLC Address 4870 West Clark Rd Suite 108 Place Ypsilanti Zip 48197 Sector Marine and Hydrokinetic Phone number 734.971.4020 Website http://www.vortexhydroenergy.c Region United States LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Projects: Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Vortex_Hydro_Energy_LLC&oldid=678497

29

Structure of quantum vortex tangle in He-4 counterflow turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goal of this paper is to present a comprehensive characterization of well developed vortex tangles in a turbulent counterflow in quantum fluids (with a laminar normal fluid component). We analyze extensive numerical simulations using the vortex filament method, solving the full Biot-Savart equations for the vortex dynamics in a wide range of temperatures and counter-flow velocities. In addition to a detailed analysis of traditional characteristics such as vortex line density, anisotropic and curvature parameters of the vortex tangle, we stress other dynamical and statistical characteristics which are either much less studied or even unstudied. The latter include reconnection rates, mean mutual friction forces, drift velocities and the probability distribution functions of various tangle parameters: the loop length, the line curvature, the mean curvature of loops with a given length, etc. During these studies we compare the three main reconnection procedures which are widely used in the literature, and identify which properties are strongly affected by the choice of the reconnection criteria and which of them are practically insensitive to the reconnection procedure. The conclusion is that the vortex filament method in the framework of the Biot-Savart equation sufficiently robust and well suited for the description of the steady state vortex tangle in a quantum counterflow. The Local-Induction Approximation to this equation may be successfully used to analytically establish relationships between mean characteristics of the stochastic vortex tangle.

Luiza Kondaurova; Victor L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

30

Spherical spin-orientation degeneracy of basic antiferromagnetic configurations due to the dipolar interaction in cubic lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a simple general relation for the Lorentz field, the precise values are obtained for the energies of ferromagnetic and basic antiferromagnetic states in sc, bcc, fcc, and diamond cubic lattices. Within both the 'nearest-neighbor' and group-theoretic approaches, a large variety of antiferromagnetic states revealed as corresponding to the lowest energies is addressed, with recognizing their spherical spin-orientation degeneracy, which turns out to be rather special in fcc lattices.

Eugene V. Kholopov

2004-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

31

Antiferromagnetic spinor condensates are quantum rotors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We establish a theoretical correspondence between spin-one antiferromagnetic spinor condensates in an external magnetic field and quantum rotor models in an external potential. We show that the rotor model provides a conceptually clear picture of the possible phases and dynamical regimes of the antiferromagnetic condensate. We also show that this mapping simplifies calculations of the condensate's spectrum and wave functions. We use the rotor mapping to describe the different dynamical regimes recently observed in {sup 23}Na condensates [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 125301 (2009); Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 225301 (2009)]. We also suggest a way to experimentally observe quantum-mechanical effects (collapse and revival) in spinor condensates.

Barnett, Ryan; Sau, Jay D.; Das Sarma, S. [Joint Quantum Institute and Condensed Matter Theory Center, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-4111 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

32

Spin waves at surfaces and steps in ferromagnets and antiferromagnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study of the properties of elementary magnetic excitations - spin waves or magnons - in the neighborhood of surfaces, discontinuities, defects, and impurities is an active field of solid-state magnetism. These modes are of interest for understanding relaxation phenomena as well as chemical reactions catalyzed by magnetic substrates. In this contribution we would like to report two different results: (1) some spectra of the spin-wave modes associated with clean and stepped surfaces of a ferromagnet - the clean and a stepped (001) surface of a face-centered-cubic solid; and (2) the unusual and yet unresolved difficulties encountered when similar procedures are attempted on antiferromagnetic surfaces and steps.

Falicov, L.M.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Impact of a vortex ring on a density interface using a regularized inviscid vortex sheet method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new, fully three-dimensional, vortex-in-cell method designed to follow the unsteady motion of inviscid vortex sheets with or without small (Boussinesq) density discontinuities is presented. As is common in front-tracking methods, the vortex sheet is ... Keywords: Density discontinuity, Stratified flow, Vortex methods, Vortex sheet dynamics, Vortex-in-cell

Mark J. Stock; Werner J. A. Dahm; Grétar Tryggvason

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Vortex lattices in layered superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study vortex lattices in a superconductor--normal-metal superlattice in a parallel magnetic field. Distorted lattices, resulting from the shear deformations along the layers, are found to be unstable. Under field variation, nonequilibrium configurations undergo an infinite sequence of continuous transitions, typical for soft lattices. The equilibrium vortex arrangement is always a lattice of isocell triangles, without shear.

Prokic, V. (Department of Physics, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 368, 11001 Belgrade (Yugoslavia)); Davidovic, D. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States) Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Yugoslavia)); Dobrosavljevic-Grujic, L. (Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Yugoslavia))

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Variable residence time vortex combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A variable residence time vortex combustor including a primary combustion chamber for containing a combustion vortex, and a plurality of louvres peripherally disposed about the primary combustion chamber and longitudinally distributed along its primary axis. The louvres are inclined to impel air about the primary combustion chamber to cool its interior surfaces and to impel air inwardly to assist in driving the combustion vortex in a first rotational direction and to feed combustion in the primary combustion chamber. The vortex combustor also includes a second combustion chamber having a secondary zone and a narrowed waist region in the primary combustion chamber interconnecting the output of the primary combustion chamber with the secondary zone for passing only lower density particles and trapping higher density particles in the combustion vortex in the primary combustion chamber for substantial combustion.

Melconian, Jerry O. (76 Beaver Rd., Reading, MA 01867)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Vortex–Vortex Interactions in the Winter Stratosphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the interaction of oppositely signed vortices in the compressible (non-Boussinesq) quasigeostrophic system, with a view to understanding vortex interactions in the polar winter stratosphere. A series of simplifying ...

R. K. Scott; D. G. Dritschel

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Wigner function and entanglement of generalized quantum optical vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the Wigner quasiprobability distribution function of the quantum elliptical vortex (QEV), produced by coupling squeezed coherent states of two modes . The coupling between the two modes is performed by using beam splitter (BS) or a dual channel directional coupler (DCDC). The quantum interference due to the coupling between the two modes promises the generation of controlled entanglement for quantum computation and quantum tomography. We calculate the entanglement of such generalized elliptical vortex formed by quantized radiation field (QEV), using Wigner quasiprobability distribution function for such states. We find a critical squeezing parameter above which the entanglement is less for higher vorticity, which is counter intuitive.

Bandyopadhyay, Abir; Singh, R P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Argonne CNM Highlight: Exploring the limits of antiferromagnetism in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spin structure of manganese monolayer ; (Top) Schematic of the spin structure of the Mn monolayer on W(110) (6-nm repeat structure). (a) Topography and (b) differential conductance at 40 K. (Inset) High-resolution topographic data taken with a spin-sensitive tip; stripe contrast is related to the degree of antiferromagnetic order. Exploring the limits of antiferromagnetism in nanostructured materials Researchers in the Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices Group and at Politecnico di Milano in Italy explored the limits of antiferromagnetism in a nanostructured material for the first time, measuring the temperature required to support antiferromagnetic order in atomic monolayers of manganese on tungsten as the dimensions of the structures are reduced.

39

Itinerant Antiferromagnetism in BaCr2As2  

SciTech Connect

We report single-crystal synthesis, specific-heat and resistivity measurements and electronic structure calculations for BaCr{sub 2}As{sub 2}. This material is a metal with itinerant antiferromagnetism, similar to the parent phases of Fe-based high-temperature superconductors, but differs in magnetic order. Comparison of bare band-structure density of states and the low-temperature specific heat implies a mass renormalization of {approx}2. BaCr{sub 2}As{sub 2} shows stronger transition-metal-pnictogen covalency than the Fe compounds, and in this respect is more similar to BaMn{sub 2}As{sub 2}. This provides an explanation for the observation that Ni and Co doping is effective in the Fe-based superconductors, but Cr or Mn doping is not.

Singh, David J [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; Mandrus, David [ORNL

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Phase Diagram of a Geometrically-Frustrated Triangular-Lattice Antiferromagnet in a Magnetic Field  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic phase diagram of a geometrically-frustrated triangular-lattice antiferromagnet is evaluated as a function of external magnetic field and anisotropy using a trial spin state built from harmonics of a fundamental ordering wavevector. A non-collinear incommensurate state, observed to be chiral and ferroelectric in CuFeO2, is sandwiched between a collinear state with 4 sublattices (SLs) and a 5-SL state. Chiral and non-collinear 5-SL states are predicted to appear at fields above and below the collinear 5-SL states.

Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Smeared spin-flop transition in random antiferromagnetic Ising chain  

SciTech Connect

At T = 0 and in a sufficiently large field, the nearest-neighbor antiferromagnetic Ising chain undergoes a first-order spin-flop transition into the ferromagnetic phase. We consider its smearing under the random-bond disorder such that all independent random bonds are antiferromagnetic (AF). It is shown that the ground-state thermodynamics of this random AF chain can be described exactly for an arbitrary distribution P(J) of AF bonds. Moreover, the site magnetizations of finite chains can be found analytically in this model. We consider a continuous P(J) that is zero above some -J{sub 1} and behaves near it as (-J{sub 1}-J){sup {lambda}}, {lambda} > -1. In this case, the ferromagnetic phase emerges continuously in a field H > H{sub c} = 2J{sub 1}. At 0 > {lambda} > -1, it has the usual second-order anomalies near H{sub c} with the critical indices obeying the scaling relation and depending on {lambda}. At {lambda} > 0, higher-order transitions occur (third, fourth, etc.), marked by a divergence of the corresponding nonlinear susceptibilities. In the chains with an even number of spins, the intermediate 'bow-tie' phase with linearly modulated AF order exists between the AF and ferromagnetic phases at J{sub 1} < H < H{sub c}. Its origin can be traced to the infinite correlation length of the degenerate AF phase from which it emerges. This implies the existence of similar inhomogeneous phases with size- and form-dependent order in a number of other systems with infinite correlation length. The possibility to observe the signs of the 'bow-tie' phase in low-T neutron diffraction experiments is discussed.

Timonin, P. N., E-mail: pntim@live.ru [Southern Federal University (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Probing the evolution of antiferromagnetism in multiferroics  

SciTech Connect

This study delineates the evolution of magnetic order in epitaxial films of the room-temperature multiferroic BiFeO3 system. Using angle- and temperature-dependent dichroic measurements and spectromicroscopy, we have observed that the antiferromagnetic order in the model multiferroic BiFeO3 evolves systematically as a function of thickness and strain. Lattice-mismatch-induced strain is found to break the easy-plane magnetic symmetry of the bulk and leads to an easy axis of magnetization which can be controlled through strain. Understanding the evolution of magnetic structure and how to manipulate the magnetism in this model multiferroic has significant implications for utilization of such magnetoelectric materials in future applications.

Holcomb, M.; Martin, L.; Scholl, A.; He, Q.; Yu, P.; Yang, C.-H.; Yang, S.; Glans, P.-A.; Valvidares, M.; Huijben, M.; Kortright, J.; Guo,, J.; Chu, Y.-H.; Ramesh, R.

2010-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

43

Verification of RUC 0–1-h Forecasts and SPC Mesoscale Analyses Using VORTEX2 Soundings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses radiosonde observations obtained during the second phase of the Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX2) to verify base-state variables and severe-weather-related parameters calculated from Rapid ...

Michael C. Coniglio

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Mesoscale Convective Vortex Formation in a Weakly Sheared Moist Neutral Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Idealized simulations of a diabatic Rossby vortex (DRV) in an initially moist neutral baroclinic environment are performed using the fifth-generation National Center for Atmospheric Research–Pennsylvania State University (NCAR–PSU) Mesoscale ...

Robert J. Conzemius; Richard W. Moore; Michael T. Montgomery; Christopher A. Davis

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Phase transitions in the two-dimensional ferro- and antiferromagnetic potts models on a triangular lattice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase transitions in the two-dimensional ferro- and antiferromagnetic Potts models with q = 3 states of spin on a triangular lattice are studied using cluster algorithms and the classical Monte Carlo method. Systems with linear sizes L = 20-120 are considered. The method of fourth-order Binder cumulants and histogram analysis are used to discover that a second-order phase transition occurs in the ferromagnetic Potts model and a first-order phase transition takes place in the antiferromagnetic Potts model. The static critical indices of heat capacity ({alpha}), magnetic susceptibility ({gamma}), magnetization ({beta}), and correlation radius index ({nu}) are calculated for the ferromagnetic Potts model using the finite-size scaling theory.

Murtazaev, A. K.; Babaev, A. B., E-mail: b_albert78@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Dagestan Scientific Center (Russian Federation)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Gravity waves from vortex dipoles and jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dissertation first investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Several initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here. Within these dipoles, inertia-gravity waves with intrinsic frequencies 1-2 times the Coriolis parameter are simulated in the jet exit region. The ray tracing analysis reveals strong variation of wave characteristics along ray paths. The dependence of wave amplitude on the Rossby number is examined through experiments in which the two vortices are initially separated by a large distance but subsequently approach each other and form a vortex dipole with an associated amplifying localized jet. The amplitude of stationary gravity waves in the simulations with a 90-km grid spacing increases nearly linearly with the square of the Rossby number but significantly more rapidly when smaller grid spacing is used. To further address the source mechanism of the gravity waves within the vortex dipole, a linear numerical framework is developed based on the framework proposed by Plougonven and Zhang (2007). Using the nonlinearly balanced fields as the basic state and driven by three types of large scale forcing, the vorticity, divergence and thermodynamic forcing, this linear model is utilized to obtain linear wave responses. The wave packets in the linear responses compare reasonably well with the MM5 simulated gravity waves. It is suggested that the vorticity forcing is the leading contribution to both gravity waves in the jet exit region and the ascent/descent feature in the jet core. This linear model is also adopted to study inertia-gravity waves in the vicinity of a baroclinic jet during the life cycle of an idealized baroclinic wave. It is found that the thermodynamic forcing and the vorticity forcing are equally important to the gravity waves in the low stratosphere, but the divergence forcing is again playing a lesser role. Two groups of wave packets are present in the linear responses; their sources appear to locate either near the surface front or near the middle/upper tropospheric jet.

Wang, Shuguang

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Transformed Eliassen Balanced Vortex Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the axisymmetric balanced flow occurring in a thermally forced vortex in which the frictional inflow is confined to a thin boundary layer. Above the boundary layer the absolute angular momentum ½fR2=rv+½fr2 is conserved. We refer to R ...

Wayne H. Schubert; James J. Hack

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Giant magnetic effects and oscillations in antiferromagnetic Josephson weak links  

SciTech Connect

Josephson junctions with an antiferromagnetic metal as a link are described. The junction can be switched off by a relatively small magnetic field. The amplitude of the current oscillates as a function of the field.

Gorkov, L.; Kresin, Vladimir

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Simulations of Dual-Vortex Interaction within Environmental Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For over a century it has been known that each vortex in a multiple vortex configuration will move in response to the other vortices. However, despite advances since that time, the complexities of multiple vortex scenarios when sheared ...

Robert E. Hart; Jenni L. Evans

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

The idea of vortex energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work formulates and gives grounds for general principles and theorems that question the energy function doctrine and its quantum version as a genuine law of nature without borders of adequacy. The emphasis is on the domain where the energy of systems is conserved -- I argue that only in its tiny part the energy is in the kinetic, potential and thermal forms describable by a generalized thermodynamic potential, whereas otherwise the conserved energy constitutes a whole linked to vortex forces, and can be a factor of things like persistent currents and dark matter.

V. E. Shapiro

2011-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

51

Studies of the magnetic structure at the ferromagnet - antiferromagnet interface  

SciTech Connect

Antiferromagnetic layers are a scientifically challenging component in magneto-electronic devices such as magnetic sensors in hard disk heads, or magnetic RAM elements. In this paper we show that photo-electron emission microscopy (PEEM) is capable of determining the magnetic structure at the interface of ferromagnets and antiferromagnets with high spatial resolution (down to 20 nm). Dichroism effects at the L edges of the magnetic 3d transition metals, using circularly or linearly polarized soft x-rays from a synchrotron source, give rise to a magnetic image contrast. Images, acquired with the PEEM2 experiment at the Advanced Light Source, show magnetic contrast for antiferromagnetic LaFeO{sub 3}, microscopically resolving the magnetic domain structure in an antiferromagnetically ordered thin film for the first time. Magnetic coupling between LaFeO{sub 3} and an adjacent Co layer results in a complete correlation of their magnetic domain structures. From field dependent measurements a unidirectional anisotropy resulting in a local exchange bias of up to 30 Oe in single domains could be deduced. The elemental specificity and the quantitative magnetic sensitivity render PEEM a perfect tool to study magnetic coupling effects in multi-layered thin film samples.

Scholl, A.; Nolting, F.; Stohr, J.; Luning, J.; Seo, J.W.; Locquet, J.-P.; Anders, S.; Ohldag, H.; Padmore, H.A.

2001-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

52

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

53

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

54

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

55

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

56

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

57

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Wednesday, 25 November 2009 00:00 Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

58

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in the film plane and curl around in a closed loop. At the very center of the vortex, a small, stable core exists where the magnetization points either up or down out of the plane. Three years ago, the discovery of an easy core reversal mechanism at the ALS not only made the possibility of using such systems as magnetic memories much more realistic, it also initiated investigation of the core switching mechanism itself. Now, a Belgian-German-ALS collaboration has used high-resolution, time-resolved, magnetic x-ray microscopy to experimentally reveal the first step of the reversal process: the dynamic deformation of the vortex core. The group also measured a critical vortex velocity above which reversal occurs. Both these observations provide the first experimental support for the postulated reversal mechanism.

59

Stable optical vortex solitons in pair plasmas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that the pair plasmas with small temperature asymmetry can support existence of localized as well as delocalized optical vortex solitons. Coexistence of such solitons is possible due to peculiar form of saturating nonlinearity which has a focusing-defocusing nature--for weak amplitudes being focusing becoming defocusing for higher amplitudes. It is shown that delocalized vortex soliton is stable in entire region of its existence while single- and multicharged localized vortex solitons are unstable for low amplitudes and become stable for relativistic amplitudes.

Berezhiani, V. I.; Shatashvili, N. L. [Plasma Physics Department, Andronikashvili Institute of Physics, Tbilisi 0177 (Georgia); Department of Physics, Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences, Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi 0128 (Georgia); Mahajan, S. M. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

Bubble Behavior in a Taylor Vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an experimental study on the behavior of bubbles captured in a Taylor vortex. The gap between a rotating inner cylinder and a stationary outer cylinder is filled with a Newtonian mineral oil. Beyond a critical ...

Deng, Rensheng

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Barotropic Vortex Evolution on a Beta Plane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A barotropic, primitive equation (shallow water) model is used on the beta plane to investigate the influence of divergence, total relative angular momentum (RAM) and advective nonlinearities on the evolution of a hurricane-like vortex. The ...

Lloyd J. Shapiro; Katsuyuki V. Ooyama

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Vortex Hydro Energy - National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

Vortex Hydro Energy, LLC Michael M. Bernitsas Ph.D., CEO and CTO Gus Simiao MSE, MBA, Dir. of Business Development NREL’s 20th Annual, Industry Growth Forum

63

Vortex-Driven Sensitivity in Deformation Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A sensitivity mechanism for the interaction of two vortices in a two-dimensional deformation background flow is explored. A nonlinear model describing the vortex interaction up to a critical merging distance is developed. This model shows that in ...

Zhiyuan Liu; Paul J. Roebber

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Giant magnetic effects and oscillations in antiferromagnetic Josephson weak links  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Josephson junctions with an antiferromagnetic metal as a link are described. An especially interesting case is provided by a barrier built on a giant magnetoresistance multilayer or by using doped manganites in the metallic A-phase. Such a junction is predicted to display unusual properties. The junction can be switched off by a relatively small magnetic field. In addition, the amplitude of the Josephson current rapidly oscillates as a function of the field. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Gor {close_quote}kov, L.; Kresin, V.

2001-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

65

Polarized Neutron Studies on Antiferromagnetic Single Crystals: Technical Report No. 4  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The theory of neutron scattering by magnetic crystals as given by Halpern and Johnson predicts changes in the polarization state of the neutron beam upon scattering which depend upon the relative orientation of the neutron polarization vector and the crystal magnetic axis. This was investigated experimentally with a polarized beam spectrometer using single crystals of Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} and alpha - Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} in which reside unique antiferromagnetic axes. Studies were made on several different reflections in both crystals for a number of different temperatures both below and above the Neel point. Results support the theoretical predictions and indicate directions for the moments in these crystals consistent with previous work. A more detailed study of the polarization changes in the (111) reflection in alpha - Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} at room temperature on application of a magnetic field was carried out, The results indicate that the principal source of the parasitic ferromagnetism in hematite is essentially independent of the orientation of the antiferromagnetic domains within the crystal.

Nathans, R.; Riste, T.; Shirane, G.; Shull, C.G.

1958-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

66

Wigner distribution function and entanglement of generalized quantum optical vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the Wigner (quasi)probability distribution function of the quantum optical elliptical vortex (QEV), generated by coupling squeezed vacuum states of two modes. The coupling between the two modes is performed by using beam splitter (BS) or a dual channel directional coupler (DCDC). The quantum interference due to the coupling between the two modes promises the generation of controlled entanglement for quantum computation and quantum tomography. We compute the entanglement of such QEV formed by non-classical radiation field, using Wigner function. We report a critical squeezing parameter above which the entanglement is less for higher vorticity, which is counter intuitive.

Abir Bandyopadhyay; Shashi Prabhakar; R. P. Singh

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

Low NOx Advanced Vortex Combustor  

SciTech Connect

A lean-premixed advanced vortex combustor (AVC) has been developed and tested. The natural gas fueled AVC was tested at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory in Morgantown, WV. All testing was performed at elevated pressures and inlet temperatures and at lean fuel-air ratios representative of industrial gas turbines. The improved AVC design exhibited simultaneous NOx /CO/unburned hydrocarbon (UHC) emissions of 4/4/0 ppmv (all emissions corrected to 15% O2 dry). The design also achieved less than 3 ppmv NOx with combustion efficiencies in excess of 99.5%. The design demonstrated marked acoustic dynamic stability over a wide range of operating conditions, which potentially makes this approach significantly more attractive than other lean-premixed combustion approaches. In addition, the measured 1.75% pressure drop is significantly lower than conventional gas turbine combustors, which could translate into an overall gas turbine cycle efficiency improvement. The relatively high velocities and low pressure drop achievable with this technology make the AVC approach an attractive alternative for syngas fuel applications.

Edmonds, R.G. (Ramgen Power Systems, Inc., Bellevue, WA); Williams, J.T. (Ramgen Power Systems, Inc., Bellevue, WA); Steele, R.C. (EPRI); Straub, D.L.; Casleton, K.H.; Bining, Avtar (California Energy Commission, Sacramento, CA)

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Effect of Vorticity-Profile Shape on the Instability of a Two-Dimensional Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple linear numerical model is used to study the effect of the shape of the vertical vorticity profile on the stability characteristics of a two-dimensional vortex. In all cases, the basic-state vorticity is confined to an annulus. It is ...

Jerry L. Steffens

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Mitigation of Wind Turbine/Vortex Interaction Using Disturbance Accommodating Control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind turbines, a competitive source of emission-free electricity, are being designed with diameters and hub heights approaching 100 m, to further reduce the cost of the energy they produce. At this height above the ground, the wind turbine is exposed to atmospheric phenomena such as low-level jets, gravity waves, and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities, which are not currently modeled in wind turbine design codes. These atmospheric phenomena can generate coherent turbulence that causes high cyclic loads on wind turbine blades. These fluctuating loads lead to fatigue damage accumulation and blade lifetime reduction. Advanced control was used to mitigate vortex-induced blade cyclic loading. A full-state feedback controller that incorporates more detailed vortex inputs achieved significantly greater blade load reduction. Blade loads attributed to vortex passage, then, can be reduced through advanced control, and further reductions appear feasible.

Hand, M. M.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Interactions between a Submesoscale Anticyclonic Vortex and a Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of a submesoscale anticyclonic vortex was observed by high-frequency Doppler radio current meters and satellite radiometers. The vortex formed between two large cyclones to the southwest of Oahu, Hawaii. The radius of the core was ...

Cédric Chavanne; Pierre Flament; Klaus-Werner Gurgel

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Nonlinear Motion of a Shallow Water Barotropic Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nonlinear motions of a shallow water barotropic vortex on a ? plane differ substantially from the analogous linear motions. The nonlinear model described here, in which wavenumber 1–3 asymmetries interact with each other and the mean vortex, ...

H. E. Willoughby

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

A Highly Configurable Vortex Initialization Method for Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A highly configurable vortex initialization methodology has been constructed in order to permit manipulation of the initial vortex structure in numerical models of tropical cyclones. By using distinct specifications of the flow in the boundary ...

Eric D. Rappin; David S. Nolan; Sharanya J. Majumdar

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Highly Configurable Vortex Initialization Method for Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A highly configurable vortex initialization methodology has been constructed in order to permit manipulation of the initial vortex structure in numerical models of tropical cyclones. By using distinct specifications of the flow in the boundary ...

Eric D. Rappin; David S. Nolan; Sharanya J. Majumdar

74

Case Study of an Orographically Induced Mesoscale Vortex (Denver Cyclone)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations taken during the Convection Initiation and Downburst Experiment (CINDE) are used to describe the formation and structure of an orographically induced mesoscale vortex that frequently occurs in northeastern Colorado. This vortex, ...

J. M. Wilczak; T. W. Christian

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Homometallic and Heterometallic Antiferromagnetic Rings: Magnetic Properties Studied by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the present thesis is to investigate the local magnetic properties of homometallic Cr{sub 8} antiferromagnetic (AFM) ring and the changes occurring by replacing one Cr{sup 3+} ion with diamagnetic Cd{sup 2+} (Cr{sub 7}Cd) and with Ni{sup 2+} (Cr{sub 7}Ni). In the heterometallic ring a redistribution of the local magnetic moment is expected in the low temperature ground state. We have investigated those changes by both {sup 53}Cr-NMR and {sup 19}F-NMR. We have determined the order of magnitude of the transferred hyperfine coupling constant {sup 19}F - M{sup +} where M{sup +} = Cr{sup 3+}, Ni{sup 2+} in the different rings. This latter result gives useful information about the overlapping of the electronic wavefunctions involved in the coordinative bond.

Casadei, Cecilia

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

76

Itinerant antiferromagnetism in BaCr2As2: Experimental characterization and electronic structure calculations  

SciTech Connect

We report single crystal synthesis, specific heat and resistivity measurements and electronic structure calculations for BaCr2As2. This material is a metal with itinerant antiferromagnetism, similar to the parent phases of Fe-based high temperature superconductors, but differs in magnetic order. Comparison of bare band structure density of states and the low temperature specific heat implies a mass renormalization of 2. BaCr2As2 shows stronger transition metal - pnictogen covalency than the Fe compounds, and in this respect is more similar to BaMn2As2. This provides an explanation for the observation that Ni and Co doping is effective in the Fe-based superconductors, but Cr or Mn doping is not.

Singh, David J [ORNL; Safa-Sefat, Athena [ORNL; McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Mandrus, David [ORNL; VanBebber, L. H. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Keppens, Veerle [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Stabilization of vortex solitons in nonlocal nonlinear media  

SciTech Connect

We study the evolution of vortex solitons in optical media with a nonlocal nonlinear response. We employ a modulation theory for the vortex parameters based on an averaged Lagrangian, and analyze the azimuthal evolution of both the vortex width and diffractive radiation. We describe analytically the physical mechanism for vortex stabilization due to the long-range nonlocal nonlinear response, the effect observed earlier in numerical simulations only.

Minzoni, Antonmaria A. [Fenomenos Nonlineales y Mecanica (FENOMEC), Department of Mathematics and Mechanics, Instituto de Investigacion en Matematicas Aplicadas y Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 01000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Smyth, Noel F. [School of Mathematics and Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Worthy, Annette L. [School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2522 (Australia); Kivshar, Yuri S. [Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

78

A Study of Premixed Propagating Flame Vortex Interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental data is presented for the interaction between a propagating flame and a simple vortex flow field structure generated in the wake of solid obstacles. The interaction between gas movement and obstacles creates vortex shedding forming a simple ... Keywords: Combustion, Flame/Vortex, PIV, Visualization

G. K. Hargrave; S. Jarvis

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Antiferromagnetic exchange bias of a ferromagnetic semiconductor by a ferromagnetic metal  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate an exchange bias in (Ga,Mn)As induced by antiferromagnetic coupling to a thin overlayer of Fe. Bias fields of up to 240 Oe are observed. Using element-specific x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements, we distinguish an interface layer that is strongly pinned antiferromagnetically to the Fe. The interface layer remains polarized at room temperature.

Olejnik, K.; Wadley, P.; Haigh, J.; Edmonds, K. W.; Campion, R. P.; Rushforth, A. W.; Gallagher, B. L.; Foxon, C. T.; Jungwirth, T.; Wunderlich, J.; Dhesi, S. S.; Cavill, S.; van der Laan, G.; Arenholz, E.

2009-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

80

Controlled Vortex Breakdown on Modified Delta Wings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of perturbation to the breakdown of the leading-edge vortices over delta wings. The passive perturbation in the normal direction is achieved by installing the hemisphere-like bulges on the delta wing along the projection ... Keywords: Bulge perturbation, Delta wing, Vortex breakdown

S. Srigrarom; N. Lewpiriyawong

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Tornadic Vortex Signature: An Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tornadic vortex signature (TVS) is a degraded Doppler velocity signature of a tornado that occurs when the core region of a tornado is smaller than the half-power beamwidth of the sampling Doppler radar. Soon after the TVS was discovered in the ...

Rodger A. Brown; Vincent T. Wood

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Vortex operators in gauge field theories  

SciTech Connect

Several related aspects of the 't Hooft vortex operator are studied. The current picture of the vacuum of quantum chromodynamics, the idea of dual field theories, and the idea of the vortex operator are reviewed first. The Abelian vortex operator written in terms of elementary fields and the calculation of its Green's functions are considered. A two-dimensional solvable model of a Dirac string is presented. The expression of the Green's functions more neatly in terms of Wu and Yang's geometrical idea of sections is addressed. The renormalization of the Green's functions of two kinds of Abelian looplike operators, the Wilson loop and the vortex operator, is studied; for both operators only an overall multiplicative renormalization is needed. In the case of the vortex this involves a surprising cancellation. Next, the dependence of the Green's functions of the Wilson and 't Hooft operators on the nature of the vacuum is discussed. The cluster properties of the Green's functions are emphasized. It is seen that the vortex operator in a massive Abelian theory always has surface-like clustering. The form of Green's functions in terms of Feynman graphs is the same in Higgs and symmetric phases; the difference appears in the sum over all tadpole trees. Finally, systems having fields in the fundamental representation are considered. When these fields enter only weakly into the dynamics, a vortex-like operator is anticipated. Any such operator can no longer be local looplike, but must have commutators at long range. A U(1) lattice gauge theory with two matter fields, one singly charged (fundamental) and one doubly charged (adjoint), is examined. When the fundamental field is weakly coupled, the expected phase transitions are found. When it is strongly coupled, the operator still appears to be a good order parameter, a discontinuous change in its behavior leads to a new phase transition. 18 figures.

Polchinski, J.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The dependence of chemistry on the inlet equivalence ratio in vortex-flame interactions [Printed LBNL report with title: The effect of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions [31] Pember,Rosalik, M . E . , Combust. Flame, 112(3):342-358 (1998).of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions [15] Mueller,

Tonse, Shaheen R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The dependence of chemistry on the inlet equivalence ratio in vortex-flame interactions [Printed LBNL report with title: The effect of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions [31] Pember,Rosalik, M . E . , Combust. Flame, 112(3):342-358 (1998).of stoichiometry on vortex flame interactions [15] Mueller,

Bell, John B.; Brown, Nancy J.; Day, Marcus S.; Frenklach, Michael; Grcar, Joseph F.; Tonse, Shaheen R.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Vortex Generation Through Balanced Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem of geostrophic adjustment, originally considered by C.G. Rossby, is solved in an axisymmetric geometry for a continuously stratified fluid, where the adjusted final state is in hydrostatic, gradient-wind balance. This problem is ...

James C. McWilliams

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

A Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations Vortex Contactor for Carbon Dioxide Separations Kevin T. Raterman (ratekt@inel.gov; 208-526-5444) Michael McKellar (mgq@inel.gov; 208-526-1346) Anna Podgorney (poloak@inel.gov; 208-526-0064) Douglas Stacey (stacde@inel.gov; 208-526-3938) Terry Turner (tdt@inel.gov; 208-526-8623) Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory P.O. Box 1625 Idaho Falls, Idaho 83415-2110 Brian Stokes (bxs9@pge.com; 415-972-5591) John Vranicar (jjv2@pge.com; 415-972-5591) Pacific Gas & Electric Company 123 Mission Street San Francisco, CA 94105 Introduction Many analysts 1,2,3 identify carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) capture and separation as a major roadblock in efforts to cost effectively mitigate greenhouse gas emissions via sequestration. An assessment 4 conducted by the International Energy Agency (IEA)

87

Vortex Dynamics in NanoScale Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Micron and nanosized magnets are of great interest for their potential applications in new electronic devices, such as magnetic random access memories. As the size of magnets is reduced to a 1-micron scale and below, the boundaries (surfaces, perimeters, etc) of the objects begin to profoundly influence both the static and dynamic behavior of the materials. Researchers from Argonne's Materials Science Division (MSD), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), and Advanced Photon Source (APS) have recently examined the dynamics of 3- to 7-micron-diameter NiFe alloy disks with a combination of theoretical calculations and a new time-resolved magnetic imaging technique using synchrotron-based x-ray photoemission electron

88

Energy harvesting using vortex-induced vibrations of tensioned cables  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of energy harvesting systems based on fluid/structure interactions is part of the global search for innovative tools to produce renewable energy. In this paper, the possibility to harvest energy from a flow using vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) of a tensioned flexible cable is analyzed. The fluid loading on the vibrating solid and resulting dynamics are computed using an appropriate wake-oscillator model, allowing one to perform a systematic parametric study of the efficiency. The generic case of an elastically-mounted rigid cylinder is first investigated, before considering an infinite cable with two different types of energy harvesting : a uniformly spanwise distributed harvesting and then a periodic distribution of discrete harvesting devices. The maximum harvesting efficiency is of the same order for each configuration and is always reached when the solid body and its wake are in a frequency lock-in state.

Grouthier, Clement; de Langre, Emmanuel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Vortex formation during rf heating of plasma  

SciTech Connect

Experiments on a test plasma show that the linear theory of waveguide coupling to slow plasma waves begins to break down if the rf power flux exceeds approx. 30 W/cm/sup 2/. Probe measurements reveal that within 30 ..mu..s an undulation appears in the surface plasma near the mouth of the twin waveguide. This surface readjustment is part of a vortex, or off-center convective cell, driven by asymmetric rf heating of the plasma column.

Motley, R.W.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Vortex flow visualization using tetrahedral cell subdivision  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proposes an effective technique for searching for critical points, which are points at which the velocity vector is zero. The previous method, using tetrahedral-cell subdivision, often generates multiple critical points in a hexahedral cell, and this ... Keywords: Newton's method, critical point searching technique, hexahedral cell, linear interpolation function, multiple critical points, numerical integration scheme, precise position calculation, tetrahedral cell subdivision, trilinear interpolation function, velocity vector, vortex flow visualization, vortices

A. Doi; S. Suzuki; K. Koyamada; S. Sannakanishi

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

QCD String as Vortex String in Seiberg-Dual Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a classical vortex string solution in a Seiberg-dual theory of N=1 supersymmetric SO(N_c) QCD which flows to a confining phase. We claim that this vortex string is a QCD string, as previouly argued by M.Strassler. In SO(N_c) QCD, it is known that stable QCD strings exist even in the presence of dynamical quarks. We show that our vortex strings are stable in the Seiberg-dual theory.

Eto, Minoru; Terashima, Seiji

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Spontaneous Symmetry-Breaking and the Vortex Lattice ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The magnetic vortex lattice of Type-II superconductors, as a quasi ... morphology in single-crystals of pure niobium, a 'conventional' superconductor. ...

93

Metallic Interface Emerging at Magnetic Domain Wall of Antiferromagnetic Insulator---Fate of Extinct Weyl Electrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topological insulators, in contrast to ordinary semiconductors, accompany protected metallic surfaces described by Dirac-type fermions. Here, we theoretically show another emergent two-dimensional metal embedded in the bulk insulator is realized at a magnetic domain wall. The domain wall has long been studied as ingredients of both old-fashioned and leading-edge spintronics. The domain wall here, as an interface of seemingly trivial antiferromagnetic insulators, emergently realizes a functional interface preserved by zero modes with robust two-dimensional Fermi surfaces, where pyrochlore iridium oxides proposed to host condensed-matter realization of Weyl fermions offer such examples at low temperatures. The existence of ingap states pinned at domain walls, theoretically resembling spin/charge solitons in polyacetylene, solves experimental puzzles observed in R2Ir2O7 with rare earth elements R. The domain wall realizes a novel quantum confinement of electrons and embosses a net uniform magnetization, which enables magnetic control of electronic interface transports beyond semiconductor paradigm.

Youhei Yamaji; Masatoshi Imada

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

94

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Wednesday, 28 March 2007 00:00 In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

95

Helicoidal vortex model for wind turbine aeroelastic simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vortex method has been extended to account for blade flexibility, which is a potential source of unsteadiness in the flow past a wind turbine rotor. The code has been validated previously under the assumption of rigid blades. The aerodynamics method ... Keywords: Blade flexibility, Steady and unsteady flows, Tower interference, Vortex model

Jean-Jacques Chattot

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at least one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Monohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O' Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

97

Finned Tube With Vortex Generators For A Heat Exchanger.  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for and method of manufacturing a finned tube for a heat exchanger is disclosed herein. A continuous fin strip is provided with at one pair of vortex generators. A tube is rotated and linearly displaced while the continuous fin strip with vortex generators is spirally wrapped around the tube.

Sohal, Manohar S. (Idaho Falls, ID); O' Brien, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

Stability of an optical vortex in a circular nematic cell  

SciTech Connect

The stability of an optical vortex in a cell with a circular cross section containing a nematic liquid crystal is studied. A modulation theory based on an averaged Lagrangian formulation is developed to study this stability. It is found that the vortex is stable unless the radius of the cell is very small, nearly the width of the vortex itself. Based on the analysis of a stationary vortex, the stability of a low-amplitude vortex in a large cell under the influence of its orbital angular momentum and the repelling effect of the cell boundary are studied. The predictions of this modulation theory are found to be in excellent agreement with numerical simulations.

Minzoni, Antonmaria A. [Fenomenos Nonlineales y Mecanica (FENOMEC), Departamento de Matematicas y Mecanica, Instituto de Investigacion en Matematicas Aplicadas y Sistemas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 01000 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Smyth, Noel F. [School of Mathematics and Maxwell Institute for Mathematical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, Scotland (United Kingdom); Xu Zhiyong [Nonlinear Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

100

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print In micrometer-sized magnetic thin films, the magnetization typically adopts an in-plane, circular configuration known as a magnetic vortex. At the vortex core, the magnetization turns sharply out of the plane, pointing either up or down. Magnetic data storage based on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong magnetic fields of around half a tesla (approximately one-third the field of the strongest permanent magnet) were previously thought to be necessary to accomplish this. At the ALS, a team of researchers from Germany, Belgium, and the U.S. has used time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM) to observe vortex motion and demonstrate the feasibility of using weak magnetic fields as low as 1.5 millitesla (mT) to reverse the direction of a vortex core. The observed switching mechanism, which can be understood within the framework of micromagnetic theory, gives insights into basic magnetization dynamics and their possible application to data storage technologies.

102

MHK Technologies/Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy VIVACE.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Vortex Hydro Energy LLC Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK Projects/Marine Hydrodynamics Laboratory at the University of Michigan Technology Resource Click here Current/Tidal Technology Type Click here Reciprocating Device Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4: Proof of Concept Technology Description The VIVACE (Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy) device is based on the extensively studied phenomenon of Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV), which was first observed five-hundred years ago by Leonardo DaVinci in the form of 'Aeolian Tones.' VIV results from vortices forming and shedding on the downstream side of a bluff body in a current. Vortex shedding alternates from one side to the other, thereby creating a vibration or oscillation. The VIV phenomenon is non-linear, which means it can produce useful energy at high efficiency over a wide range of current speeds and directions.This converter is unlike any existing technology, as it does not use turbines, propellers, or dams. VIVACE converts the horizontal hydrokinetic energy of currents into cylinder mechanical energy. The latter is then converted to electricity through electric power generators.

103

Principles of equilibrium statistical mechanics revisited: The idea of vortex energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that the law of energy conservation with the fact of matter stability imply the existence of energy complementary to that given by the function of states of interacting systems and treated, with the environment, the function of states of interacting extended systems. The complementary energy, we called it vortex, is integral, not quantized, and causes trends contrary to that prescribed by equilibrium statistical mechanics. We formulate its principles and theorems, and question traditional insights in thermodynamics, entropy law, phase transitions, persistent currents, Brownian motion.

V. E. Shapiro

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

104

Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article. 2011 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 416003 (http://iopscience.iop.org/0953-8984/23/41/416003) Download details: IP Address: 128.219.49.9 The article was downloaded on 17/10/2011 at 17:07 Please note that terms and conditions apply. View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience IOP PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS: CONDENSED MATTER J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23 (2011) 416003 (9pp) doi:10.1088/0953-8984/23/41/416003 Persistence of magnons in a site-diluted dimerized frustrated antiferromagnet M B Stone 1 , A Podlesnyak 1 , G Ehlers

105

Vortex flow around the bases of obstacles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.2 The horseshoe . vortex formed by a separating turbulent boundary layer 5.3 Scour around obstacles in an erodible bed 114 116 117 . ·4 References Uf'l() I:!~oLtlecl F,'obL.efl):' Llr:cl ~u.g5el:dto/J~ fer ju.iLt(t' wc"..,I" 11 2 119 Figures (vi... , are shmm in figUre 2.3.4. It can be seen that there is a rather high le,el of turbulence in the tunnel free stream. This is poss:l.bly due to the extra screens placed upstream of the \\'lorking section. At the higher speeds used this turbulence...

Baker, Christopher James

1979-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

106

The multiple vortex nature of tropical cyclogenesis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis contains an observational analysis of the genesis of Tropical Storm Allison (2001). Using a paradigm of tropical cyclone formation as the superposition of potential vorticity (PV) anomalies, the importance of different scales of PV merger to various aspects of Allison?s formation is discussed. While only the case of Allison is discussed in great detail, other studies have also documented PV superposition on various scales, and superposition could be important for most tropical cyclones. Preceding Allison?s genesis, PV superposition on the large scale destabilized the atmosphere and increased low-level cyclonic vorticity. This presented a more favorable environment for the formation of MCV-type PV anomalies and smaller, surface-based, meso-?-scale vortices. Although these vortices eventually merged to form a more concentrated vortex with stronger surface pressure gradients, the merger happened well after landfall of Allison and no strengthening ensued. The unstable, vorticity-rich environment was also favorable for the development of even smaller, meso-?-scale vortices that accompanied deep convective cells within one of Allison?s meso-?-scale vortices. The observations herein suggest that the meso-?- scale convective cells and vortices are the respective source of PV production and building blocks for the meso-?-scale vortices. Finally, this thesis discusses issues related to the multiple vortex nature of tropical cyclone formation. For instance, the tracking of developing tropical cyclones is greatly complicated by the presence of multiple vortices. For these cases, the paradigm of a single cyclone center is inappropriate and alternative tracking methods are introduced.

Sippel, Jason Allen

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Rotor Spectra, Berry Phases, and Monopole Fields: from Antiferromagnets to QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The order parameter of a finite system with a spontaneously broken continuous global symmetry acts as a quantum mechanical rotor. Both antiferromagnets with a spontaneously broken $SU(2)_s$ spin symmetry and massless QCD with a broken $SU(2)_L \\times SU(2)_R$ chiral symmetry have rotor spectra when considered in a finite volume. When an electron or hole is doped into an antiferromagnet or when a nucleon is propagating through the QCD vacuum, a Berry phase arises from a monopole field and the angular momentum of the rotor is quantized in half-integer units.

S. Chandrasekharan; F. -J. Jiang; M. Pepe; U. -J. Wiese

2006-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

108

State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013 Biodiesel Producers and Production Capacity by State, September 2013 State Number of Producers Annual Production Capacity (million gallons per year) Alabama 3 47 Alaska - - Arizona 1 2 Arkansas 3 85 California

109

Argonne CNM Highlight: Biofunctionalized magnetic-vortex microdiscs for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biofunctionalized magnetic-vortex microdiscs for targeted cancer-cell destruction Biofunctionalized magnetic-vortex microdiscs for targeted cancer-cell destruction Magnetic microdisks Reflection optical microscope image of a dried suspension of the discs prepared via magnetron sputtering and optical lithography. Magnetic spin vortex Model of magnetic-vortex spin distribution in a disc. Users from Argonne's Materials Science Division and University of Chicago's Pritzker School of Medicine, working collaboratively on a user science project with CNM's Nanobio Interfaces Group, have discovered that nanostructured magnetic materials offer exciting avenues for probing cell mechanics, activating mechanosensitive ion channels, and advancing potential cancer therapies. Their new report describes an approach based on interfacing cells with lithographically defined microdiscs (1-micron

110

MHK Technologies/SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage SeaUrchin Vortex Reaction Turbine.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Elemental Energy Technologies Limited ABN 46 128 491 903 Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 4 Proof of Concept Technology Description A revolutionary vortex reaction turbine branded the SeaUrchin an advanced third generation marine turbine technology capable of delivering inexpensive small to large scale baseload or predictable electricity by harnessing the kinetic energy of free flowing ocean currents tides and rivers Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 55:15.2

111

Inertia–Gravity Waves Generated within a Dipole Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vortex dipoles provide a simple representation of localized atmospheric jets. Numerical simulations of a synoptic-scale dipole in surface potential temperature are considered in a rotating, stratified fluid with approximately uniform potential ...

Chris Snyder; David J. Muraki; Riwal Plougonven; Fuqing Zhang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Ozone Chemistry during the 2002 Antarctic Vortex Split  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In September 2002, the Antarctic polar vortex was disturbed, and it split into two parts caused by an unusually early stratospheric major warming. This study discusses the chemical consequences of this event using the Chemical Lagrangian Model of ...

Jens-Uwe Grooß; Paul Konopka; Rolf Müller

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Linear Dynamics of the Multiple-Vortex Phenomenon in Tornadoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reason for existence of two separate unstable modes, previously described by Gall for flows in vortex simulators, is explored. When the energy equation for an unstable disturbance is considered, it is clear that the most unstable wave must be ...

Robert L. Gall

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Baroclinic Transition of a Long-Lived Mesoscale Convective Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The period 5–15 June 2003, during the field phase of the Bow Echo and Mesoscale Convective Vortex (MCV) Experiment (BAMEX), was noteworthy for the wide variety of mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that occurred. Of particular interest was a ...

Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Lance F. Bosart; Christopher A. Davis; Ron McTaggart-Cowan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Reexamining the Vertical Development of Tornadic Vortex Signatures in Supercells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from a hybrid phased-array Doppler radar, the Mobile Weather Radar, 2005 X-band, Phased-Array (MWR-05XP), were used to investigate the vertical development of tornadic vortex signatures (TVSs) during supercell tornadogenesis. Data ...

Michael M. French; Howard B. Bluestein; Ivan PopStefanija; Chad A. Baldi; Robert T. Bluth

116

Assimilating Vortex Position with an Ensemble Kalman Filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of hurricane position, which in practice might be available from satellite or radar imagery, can be easily assimilated with an ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) given an operator that computes the position of the vortex in the background ...

Yongsheng Chen; Chris Snyder

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on this binary phenomenon is an intriguing concept, but it would require the ability to flip the vortex cores on demand. Because these structures are highly stable, very strong...

118

Spontaneous Imbalance and Hybrid Vortex–Gravity Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After reviewing the background, this article discusses the recently discovered examples of hybrid propagating structures consisting of vortex dipoles and comoving gravity waves undergoing wave capture. It is shown how these examples fall outside ...

Michael E. McIntyre

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Some Aspects of Vortex Structure Related to Tropical Cyclone Motion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some effect of tropical cyclone structure on the vortex motion are examined in a nondivergent, barotropic numerical model with no basic current. As suggested earlier by DeMaria, the initial maximum wind speed has little effect on the track. ...

Michael Fiorino; Russell L. Elsberry

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

state  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST. state. (definition). Definition: The condition of a finite state machine or Turing machine at a certain time. Informally, the content of memory. ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Half-ordered State in the Anisotropic Haldane-gap Antiferromagnet Ni(C5D14N2)2N3(PF6)  

SciTech Connect

Neutron diffraction experiments performed on the Haldane gap material Ni(C{sub 5}D{sub 14}N{sub 2}){sub 2}N{sub 3}(PF{sub 6}) in high magnetic fields applied at an angle to the principal anisotropy axes reveal two consecutive field-induced phase transitions. The low-field phase is the gapped Haldane state, while at high fields the system exhibits a three-dimensional long-range Neel order. In a peculiar phase found in intermediate fields only half of all the spin chains participate in the long-range ordering, while the other half remain disordered and gapped.

Zheludev, Andrey I [ORNL; Grenier, B. [CEA, Grenoble, France; Ressouche, E. [CEA, Grenoble, France; Regnault, L.-P. [CEA, Grenoble, France; Honda, Z. [Saitama University, Japan; Katsumada, K. [RIKEN, Japan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Closed cycle steam turbine system with liquid vortex pump  

SciTech Connect

A closed cycle steam generating system is described comprising a steam boiler, and a steam turbine includes a vacuum pump of the liquid vortex type for condensing the exhaust steam from the turbine, a feedwater pump being employed for returning the condensate to the boiler. The tank of the vortex pump is maintained filled with water and the pressure in the tank is regulated automatically to maintain a predetermined value thereof.

Brown, K.D.

1976-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

123

Nonclassicality of vortex Airy beams in the Wigner representation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Wigner distribution function (WDF) of a vortex Airy beam is calculated analytically. The WDF provides intuitive pictures of the intriguing features of vorticity in phase space. The nonclassical property of the vortex Airy beam and the Airy beam is analyzed through the negative parts of the WDF. The study shows that destructive interference of certain classical waves can mimic nonclassical lights such as those due to quantum effects.

Chen Ruipin [School of Sciences, Zhejiang A and F University, Lin'an, Zhejiang Province 311300 (China); Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Ooi, C. H. Raymond [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

124

Depinning of a superfluid vortex line by Kelvin waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We measure the interaction of a single superfluid vortex with surface irregularities. While vortex pinning in superconductors usually becomes weaker at higher temperatures, we find the opposite behavior. The pinning steadily increases throughout our measurement range, from 0.15Tc to over 0.5Tc. We also find that moving the other end of the vortex decreases the pinning, so we propose Kelvin waves along the vortex as a depinning mechanism. PACS numbers: 67.40.Vs, 74.60.Ge Pinning sites can trap vortices in a variety of systems. In superconductors, where vortex motion leads to nonzero resistance, a vast amount of work has been devoted to preventing such motion by introducing defects. Experimental work has shown that defects comparable in size to the vortex core make effective pin centers, and that straight [1] or splayed [2] line defects can increase the pin strength. Yet the mechanisms by which vortices interact with pin sites remain unresolved. Experimentally, pinning in superconductors becomes weaker as

L. A. K. Donev; L. Hough; R. J. Zieve

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State NIST. Weights and Measures. Laboratories. Program Handbook. NIST Handbook 143. March 2003. Preface. The National ...

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

126

Stratospheric Sudden Warmings as Self-Tuning Resonances. Part I: Vortex Splitting Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fundamental dynamics of “vortex splitting” stratospheric sudden warmings (SSWs), which are known to be predominantly barotropic in nature, are reexamined using an idealized single-layer f-plane model of the polar vortex. The aim is to ...

N. Joss Matthewman; J. G. Esler

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

A Theory for Mixed Vortex Rossby–Gravity Waves in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vortex–Rossby waves (VRWs) and inertial gravity waves (IGWs) have been proposed to explain the propagation of spiral rainbands and the development of dynamical instability in tropical cyclones (TCs). In this study, a theory for mixed vortex–...

Wei Zhong; Da-Lin Zhang; Han-Cheng Lu

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Influence of a Strong Bottom Slope on the Evolution of a Surface-Intensified Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors investigate the influence of steep bottom topography on the propagation of a vortex in a two-layer quasigeostrophic model. The vortex is intensified in the upper layer and the planetary beta effect is taken into account.

Virginie Thierry; Yves Morel

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Generation and Propagation of Inertia–Gravity Waves from Vortex Dipoles and Jets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Two types of initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here. ...

Shuguang Wang; Fuqing Zhang; Chris Snyder

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Barotropic Simulation of Large-Scale Mixing in the Antarctic Polar Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theory and observations suggest that the Antarctic polar vortex is relatively isolated from midlatitudes, although others have interpreted the observations to indicate that there is substantial mixing from the interior of the vortex into middle ...

Kenneth P. Bowman

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Vortex dynamics : a window into the properties of type-II superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DIEGO Vortex Dynamics: A Window Into the Properties of Type-DISSERTATION Vortex Dynamics: A Window Into the Propertiesa ?lm deposits on the window through which the laser beam

Taylor, Benjamin Jeremy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Combining the vortex-in-cell and parallel fast multipole methods for efficient domain decomposition simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new combination of vortex-in-cell and parallel fast multipole methods is presented which allows to efficiently simulate, in parallel, unbounded and half-unbounded vortical flows (flows with one flat wall). In the classical vortex-in-cell (VIC) method, ... Keywords: Incompressible flows, Lagrangian methods, Parallel fast multipole method, Particle methods, Unbounded flows, Unsteady flows, Vortex methods, Vortex-in-cell method, Wall-bounded flows

Roger Cocle; Grégoire Winckelmans; Goéric Daeninck

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Data Vortex, an All Optical Path Multicomputer Interconnection Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All optical path interconnection networks employing dense wavelength division multiplexing can provide vast improvements in supercomputer performance. However, the lack of efficient optical buffering requires investigation of new topologies and routing techniques. This paper introduces and evaluates the Data Vortex optical switching architecture which uses cylindrical routing paths as a packet buffering alternative. In addition, the impact of the number of angles on the overall network performance is studied through simulation. Using optimal topology configurations, the Data Vortex is compared to two existing switching architectures—butterfly and omega networks. The three networks are compared in terms of throughput, accepted traffic ratio, and average packet latency. The Data Vortex is shown to exhibit comparable latency and a higher acceptance rate (2x at 50 percent load) than the butterfly and omega topologies.

Cory Hawkins; Benjamin A. Small; D. Scott Wills; Keren Bergman

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Identification of vortexes obstructing the dynamo mechanism in laboratory experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetohydrodynamic dynamo effect explains the generation of self-sustained magnetic fields in electrically conducting flows, especially in geo- and astrophysical environments. Yet the details of this mechanism are still unknown, e.g., how and to which extent the geometry, the fluid topology, the forcing mechanism and the turbulence can have a negative effect on this process. We report on numerical simulations carried out in spherical geometry, analyzing the predicted velocity flow with the so-called Singular Value Decomposition, a powerful technique that allows us to precisely identify vortexes in the flow which would be difficult to characterize with conventional spectral methods. We then quantify the contribution of these vortexes to the growth rate of the magnetic energy in the system. We identify an axisymmetric vortex, whose rotational direction changes periodically in time, and whose dynamics are decoupled from those of the large scale background flow, is detrimental for the dynamo effect. A compar...

Limone, Angelo; Forest, Cary B; Jenko, Frank

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Low Head, Vortex Induced Vibrations River Energy Converter  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vortex Induced Vibrations Aquatic Clean Energy (VIVACE) is a novel, demonstrated approach to extracting energy from water currents. This invention is based on a phenomenon called Vortex Induced Vibrations (VIV), which was first observed by Leonardo da Vinci in 1504AD. He called it ‘Aeolian Tones.’ For decades, engineers have attempted to prevent this type of vibration from damaging structures, such as offshore platforms, nuclear fuel rods, cables, buildings, and bridges. The underlying concept of the VIVACE Converter is the following: Strengthen rather than spoil vortex shedding; enhance rather than suppress VIV; harness rather than mitigate VIV energy. By maximizing and utilizing this unique phenomenon, VIVACE takes this “problem” and successfully transforms it into a valuable resource for mankind.

Bernitsas, Michael B.; Dritz, Tad

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

Shock-compressible-vortex interactions: Computing approximate post-shock fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shock-compressible-vortex interactions: Computing approximate post-shock fields G.K. O'Reilly and D of the passage of a planar shock through a steady compressible vortex is developed. To compute the approximate post-shock fields, the steady pre-shock vortex is decomposed into a sum of frozen sinusoidal modes

Barr, Al

137

Non-Contact Haptic Feedback Using Air Vortex Rings Sidhant Gupta1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

regions of the human body. Author Keywords Non-contact haptic feedback; air vortex rings ACM1 AirWave: Non-Contact Haptic Feedback Using Air Vortex Rings Sidhant Gupta1,2 , Dan Morris1 feedback into such interaction. In this work, we explore the use of air vortex rings for this purpose

Rajamani, Sriram K.

138

Reply to "Comment on 'Vortex-assisted photon counts and their magnetic field dependence in single-photon superconducting detectors'"  

SciTech Connect

The vortex crossing rate in thin current-biased superconducting strips, calculated within the London approach employing the concept of a vortex as a particle, is very sensitive to the cutoff at the vortex core size. To account properly for the vortex core, one needs to use microscopic theory.

Bulaevskii, L.N.; Graf, Matthias; Kogan, Vladimir G.

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

139

Blade-Vortex Interactions in High Pressure Steam Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed experimental and numerical investigation of the transport of streamwise (passage) vortices in high-pressure axial turbines and their interaction with the downstream blade rows was performed. The results indicate large variations in the downstream flow field, notably the development of the secondary flows. The mechanism of passage vortex transport was studied in two differently configured high-pressure turbine stages. In the first configuration, the blades are radially stacked while the second configuration features three-dimensionally stacked high-pressure steam turbine blading. The stator hub passage vortex is chopped by the downstream blade row in a similar way to the wake. The bowed vortex tube near the inlet to the rotor appeared to develop two counter-rotating legs extending back to the leading edges of the adjacent blades. These were termed the suction side leg and the pressure side leg. The two legs of the incoming passage vortex then convect with the respective velocities on the blade surfaces. The results are discussed for the radially stacked turbine and the 3-D turbine separately.

Venkata Siva Prasad Chaluvadi

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Nielsen-Olesen vortex in varying-alpha theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider soliton solutions to Bekenstein's theory, for which the fine structure constant $\\alpha=e^2/(4\\pi\\hbar c)$ is allowed to vary due to the presence of a dielectric field pervading the vacuum. More specifically we investigate the effects of a varying $\\alpha$ upon a complex scalar field with a U(1) electromagnetic gauge symmetry subject to spontaneous symmetry breaking. We find vortex solutions to this theory, similar to the Nielsen-Olesen vortex. Near the vortex core the electric charge is typically much larger than far away from the string, lending these strings a superconducting flavour. In general the dielectric field coats the usual local string with a global string envelope. We discuss the cosmological implications of networks of such strings, with particular emphasis on their ability to generate inhomogeneous recombination scenarios. We also consider the possibility of the dielectric being a charged free field. Even though the vacuum of such a field is trivial, we find that the dielectric arranges itself in the shape of a local string, with a quantized magnetic flux at the core -- presumably borrowing these topological features from the underlying Nielsen-Olesen vortex.

J. Magueijo; H. Sandvik; T. W. B. Kibble

2001-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

On the Onset Vortex of the Summer Monsoon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we examine the evolution of the low-level flow over the Arabian Sea during the onset of the summer monsoon. A detailed examination of the onset vortex that forms over the Arabian Sea just prior to the commencement of heavy rains ...

T. N. Krishnamurti; Philip Ardanuy; Y. Ramanathan; Richard Pasch

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Crystal fields, disorder, and antiferromagnetic short-range order in (Yb0.24Sn0.76)Ru  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report extensive measurements on a new compound (Yb{sub 0.24}Sn{sub 0.76})Ru that crystallizes in the cubic CsCl structure. Valence-band photoemission (PES) and L{sub 3} x-ray absorption show no divalent component in the 4f configuration of Yb. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) indicates that the eight-fold degenerate J-multiplet of Yb{sup 3+} is split by the crystalline electric field (CEF) into a {Lambda}{sub 7}-doublet ground state and a {Lambda}{sub 8} quartet at an excitation energy 20 meV. The magnetic susceptibility can be fit very well by this CEF scheme under the assumption that a {Lambda}{sub 6}-excited state resides at 32 meV; however, the {Lambda}{sub 8}/{Lambda}{sub 6} transition expected at 12 meV was not observed in the INS. The resistivity follows a Bloch-Grueneisen law shunted by a parallel resistor, as is typical of systems subject to phonon scattering with no apparent magnetic scattering. All of these properties can be understood as representing simple local moment behavior of the trivalent Yb ion. At 1 K there is a peak in specific heat that is too broad to represent a magnetic-phase transition, consistent with absence of magnetic reflections in neutron diffraction. On the other hand this peak also is too narrow to represent the Kondo effect in the {Lambda}{sub 7}-doublet ground state. On the basis of the field dependence of the specific heat, we argue that antiferromagnetic (AF) short-range order (SRO) (possibly coexisting with Kondo physics) occurs at low temperatures. The long-range magnetic order is suppressed because the Yb site occupancy is below the percolation threshold for this disordered compound.

Klimczuk, T [Los Alamos National Lab and European Commission, JRC; Wang, Cuihuan [ORNL; Lawrence, J. M. [University of California, Irvine; Xu, Q. [University of Antwerp; Durakiewicz, T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Ronning, F [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Llobet, A [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Trouw, F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Kurita, N [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Tokiwa, Y [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Lee, Han-oh [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Booth, C. H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gardner, J. S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Bauer, E. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Joyce, J. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Zandbergen, H. W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Movshovich, R [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Cava, R J [Princeton University; Thompson, J. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Charge transport and magnetization profile at the interface between the correlated metal CaRuO{sub3} and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO{sub3}.;  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combination of spectroscopic probes was used to develop a detailed experimental description of the transport and magnetic properties of superlattices composed of the paramagnetic metal CaRuO{sub 3} and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO{sub 3}. The charge-carrier density and Ru valence state in the superlattices are not significantly different from those of bulk CaRuO{sub 3}. The small charge transfer across the interface implied by these observations confirms predictions derived from density-functional calculations. However, a ferromagnetic polarization due to canted Mn spins penetrates 3-4 unit cells into CaMnO{sub 3}, far exceeding the corresponding predictions. The discrepancy may indicate the formation of magnetic polarons at the interface.

Freeland, J. W.; Chakhalian, J.; Boris, A. V.; Tonnerre, J-M.; Kavich, JJ.; Yordanov, P.; Grenier,S.; Zschack, P.; Karapetrova, E.; Popovich, P.; Lee, H. N.; Keimer, B. (X-Ray Science Division); ( PSC-USR); (Univ. of Arkansas); (Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research); (Loughborough Univ.); (CNRS and Univ. Joseph Fourier); (Univ. of Illinois); (ORNL)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Continuous spin reorientation transition in epitaxially grown antiferromagnetic NiO thin films  

SciTech Connect

Fe/NiO/MgO/Ag(001) films were grown epitaxially, and the Fe and NiO spin orientations were determined using x-ray magnetic dichroism. We find that the NiO spins are aligned perpendicularly to the in-plane Fe spins. Analyzing both the in-plane and out-of-plane spin components of the NiO layer, we demonstrate unambiguously that the antiferromagnetic NiO spins undergo a continuous spin reorientation transition from the in-plane to out-of-plane directions with increasing of the MgO thickness.

Li, J.; Arenholz, E.; Meng, Y.; Tan, A.; Park, J.; Jin, E.; Son, H.; Wu, J.; Jenkins, C. A.; Scholl, A.; Hwang, Chanyong; Qiu, Z. Q.

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

An NMR investigation of superconductivity and antiferromagnetism in CaFe2As2 under pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report {sup 75}As NMR measurements in CaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}, made under applied pressures up to 0.83 CPa produced by a standard clamp pressure cell. Our data reveal phase segregation of paramagnetic (PM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases over a range of pressures, with the AFM phase more than 90% dominant at low temperatures. In situ RF susceptibility measurements indicate the presence of superconductivity. {sup 75}As spin-lattice relaxation experiments indicate that the {sup 75}As nuclei sample the superconductivity while in the magnetically-ordered environment.

Baek, Seung H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lee, Han O [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, E D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ronning, F [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, S E [UCLA; Curro, N J [UC DAVIS

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

MHK Technologies/Vortex Oscillation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oscillation Oscillation < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Vortex Oscillation.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Vortex Oscillation Technology Ltd Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description If cylinder or another body is fixed on a moving bonding this force can set the body or its separate parts into oscillation e g elastic slat If the system of mechanical energy output is organized correctly this device can be considered as generator Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 08:12.7 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from

147

Hairpin vortex formation, a case study for unsteady visualization.  

SciTech Connect

To better understand the vortex dynamics of coherent structures in turbulent and transitional boundary layers, we consider direct numerical simulation of the interaction between a flat-plateboundary-layer flow and an isolated hemispherical roughness element. Of principal interest is the evolution of hairpin vortices that form an interlacing pattern in the wake of the hemisphere, lift away from the wall, and are stretched by the shearing action of the boundary layer. Using animations of unsteady three-dimensional representations of this flow, produced by the vtk toolkit and enhanced to operate in a CAVE virtual environment, we identify and study several key features in the evolution of this complex vortex topology not previously observed in other visualization formats.

Fischer, P. F.; Papka, M. E.; Szymanski, M.; Tufo, H. M.

1999-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

148

Observable Vortex Properties in Finite Temperature Bose Gases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of vortices in finite temperature atomic Bose-Einstein condensates, focussing on decay rates, precession frequencies and core brightness, motivated by a recent experiment (Freilich et al. Science 329, 1182 (2010)) in which real-time dynamics of a single vortex was observed. Using the ZNG formalism based on a dissipative Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the condensate coupled to a semi-classical Boltzmann equation for the thermal cloud, we find a rapid nonlinear increase of both the decay rate and precession frequency with increasing temperatures. The increase, which is dominated by the dynamical condensate-thermal coupling is also dependent on the intrinsic thermal cloud collisional dynamics; the precession frequency also varies with the initial radial coordinate. The integrated thermal cloud density in the vortex core is for the most part independent of the position of the vortex (except when it is near the condensate edge) with its value increasing with temperature. This could potentially be used as a variant to the method of Coddington et al. (Phys. Rev. A 70, 063607 (2004)) for experimentally determining the temperature.

A. J. Allen; E. Zaremba; C. F. Barenghi; N. P. Proukakis

2012-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

149

Numerical Simulation of Flame-Vortex Interactions in Natural and Synthetic Gas Mixtures .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The interactions between laminar premixed flames and counter-rotating vortex pairs in natural and synthetic gas mixtures have been computationally investigated through the use of Direct… (more)

Weiler, Justin D.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Vortex formation of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a rotating deep optical lattice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the dynamics of vortex nucleation and lattice formation in a Bose-Einstein condensate in a rotating square optical lattice by numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. Different dynamical regimes of vortex nucleation are found, depending on the depth and period of the optical lattice. We make an extensive comparison with the experiments by R. A. Williams et al.[Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 050404 (2010)], especially focusing on the issues of the critical rotation frequency for the first vortex nucleation and the vortex number as a function of rotation frequency.

Kato, Akira; Nakano, Yuki; Kasamatsu, Kenichi; Matsui, Tetsuo [Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka, Osaka 577-8502 (Japan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

Annihilation of vortex dipole in an Oblate Bose-Einstein Condensate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We theoretically explore the annihilation of vortex dipole, generated when an obstacle moves through a condensate, in an oblate Bose-Einstein Condensate and the possible reasons for the annihilation. We show that the grey soliton, which results from vortex dipole annihilation, is lower in energy than the vortex dipole. We also investigate the annihilation events numerically and observe annihilation occurs only when the vortex dipole overtake the obstacle. Further more, we find that the adding noise reduces the probability of annihilation events. This may explain the lack of annihilation events in experimental realizations.

Prabhakar, Shashi; Gautam, S; Angom, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Description of Selected Algorithms and Implementation Details of a Concept-Demonstration Aircraft VOrtex Spacing System (AVOSS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A ground-based system has been developed to demonstrate the feasibility of automating the process of collecting relevant weather data, predicting wake vortex behavior from a data base of aircraft, prescribing safe wake vortex spacing criteria, estimating ...

Hinton David A.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Cloud-Resolving Simulations of Mesoscale Vortex Intensification and Its Effect on a Serial Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors performed numerical simulations of the 27–28 May 1998 mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) and mesoscale convective system (MCS) to understand how the MCV modulated the convection, and how the convection intensified the vortex. The fifth-...

Christopher A. Davis; Stanley B. Trier

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Effects of surface roughness and vortex generators on the LS(1)-0417MOD airfoil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An 18-inch constant-chord model of the LS(l)-0417MOD airfoil section was tested under two dimensional steady state conditions ate University 7{times}10 Subsonic Wind Tunnel. The objective was to document section lift and moment characteristics model and air flow conditions. Surface pressure data was acquired at {minus}60{degrees} through + 230{degrees} geometric angles of attack, at a nominal 1 million Reynolds number. Cases with and without leading edge grit roughness were investigated. The leading edge mulated blade conditions in the field. Additionally, surface pressure data were acquired for Reynolds numbers of 1.5 and 2.0 million, with and without leading edge grit roughness; the angle of attack was limited to a {minus}20{degrees} to 40{degrees} range. In general, results showed lift curve slope sensitivities to Reynolds number and roughness. The maximum lift coefficient was reduced as much as 29% by leading edge roughness. Moment coefficient showed little sensitivity to roughness beyond 50{degrees} angle of attack, but the expected decambering effect of a thicker boundary layer with roughness did show at lower angles. Tests were also conducted with vortex generators located at the 30% chord location on the upper surface only, at 1 and 1.5 million Reynolds numbers, with and without leading edge grit roughness. In general, with leading edge grit roughness applied, the vortex generators restored 85 percent of the baseline level of maximum lift coefficient but with a more sudden stall break and at a higher angle of attack than the baseline.

Reuss, R.L.; Hoffman, M.J.; Gregorek, G.M. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Scanning tunneling microscopy reveals LiMnAs is a room temperature anti-ferromagnetic semiconductor  

SciTech Connect

We performed scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy on a LiMnAs(001) thin film epitaxially grown on an InAs(001) substrate by molecular beam epitaxy. While the in situ cleavage exposed only the InAs(110) non-polar planes, the cleavage continued into the LiMnAs thin layer across several facets. We combined both topography and current mappings to confirm that the facets correspond to LiMnAs. By spectroscopy we show that LiMnAs has a band gap. The band gap evidenced in this study, combined with the known Neel temperature well above room temperature, confirms that LiMnAs is a promising candidate for exploring the concepts of high temperature semiconductor spintronics based on antiferromagnets.

Wijnheijmer, A. P.; Koenraad, P. M. [COBRA Inter-University Research Institute, Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P. O. Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Marti, X. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Holy, V. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16 Prague 2 (Czech Republic); Cukr, M.; Novak, V. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Jungwirth, T. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Cukrovarnicka 10, 162 53 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

2012-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

156

Geometric phase of a central spin coupled to an antiferromagnetic environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the spin-wave approximation, we study the geometric phase (GP) of a central spin (signal qubit) coupled to an antiferromagnetic (AF) environment under the application of an external global magnetic field. The external magnetic field affects the GP of the qubit directly and also indirectly through its effect on the AF environment. We find that when the applied magnetic field is increased to the critical magnetic field point, the AF environment undergoes a spin-flop transition, a first-order phase transition, and at the same time the GP of the qubit changes abruptly to zero. This sensitive change of the GP of a signal qubit to the parameter change of a many-body environment near its critical point may serve as another efficient tool or witness to study the many-body phase transition. The influences of the AF environment temperature and crystal anisotropy field on the GP are also investigated.

Xiao-Zhong Yuan; Hsi-Sheng Goan; Ka-Di Zhu

2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

157

Thermal stability of the antiferromagnetically coupled Co/Cu/Co stack  

SciTech Connect

The long-term thermal stability of the hard artificial antiferromagnetic subsystem found in giant magnetoresistance and tunnel magnetoresistance sensors has been investigated at 182, 210, 240, and 300{degree}C using magnetoresistive and vibrating sample magnetometry measurements. The observed changes in the magnetoresistance signal and the saturation field show two processes, where the slower one has an activation energy of 1.5{+-}0.1eV while the faster one occurs too fast to fit accurately. In order to probe the stability of the Co/Cu interface, nonlinear (magneto-optical magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation) measurements were done which reveal a dramatic enhancement of the second harmonic tensor components, also dominated by two time constants. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Bal, K.; van den Berg, H. A. M.; Keen, A.; Rasing, Th.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Generalized London free energy for high-Tc vortex lattices Ian Affleck  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generalized London free energy for high-Tc vortex lattices Ian Affleck Department of Physics-1829 97 50402-4 The London free energy provides a very simple way of studying the vortex lattice that this effect can arise from additional quartic derivative terms in the Ginzburg-Landau GL free energy4­7 or

Franz, Marcel

159

Combustion in Meso-scale Vortex Chambers Ming-hsun Wu*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Combustion in Meso-scale Vortex Chambers Ming-hsun Wu* , Yanxing Wang, Vigor Yang and Richard A) #12;2 COMBUSTION IN MESO-SCALE VORTEX CHAMBERS Ming-hsun Wu, Yanxing Wang, Vigor Yang and Richard A with the chemical energy varying from 25 to 174W. For the largest combustion volume, hydrogen and hydrocarbons

Yang, Vigor

160

Solution of linear problems of the uniform motion of a vortex source in a multilayer fluid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method of solving linear problems of the uniform motion of a vortex source in a multilayer fluid having an arbitrary finite number of layers is proposed. As an example, the problem of the motion of a vortex source of given intensity in a three-layer fluid is solved. Formulas for the complex velocities and hydrodynamic reactions are obtained.

Gorlov, S.I.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Research on Vortex Unstablity Caused by Bending Deformation of Drilling Bar in BTA Deep Hole Machining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vortex and unstability of bending boring bar caused by cutting fluid force are researched, with Timoshenko beam model and mated vibration model, based on which machining quality of BTA deep hole drilling and tools life can be promoted in practice. Linear ... Keywords: deep hole boring, boring bar, Timoshenko beam, mating vibration, vortex motion stability

Zhanqi Hu; Wu Zhao

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

On a Graphics Hardware-Based Vortex Detection and Visualization System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a graphics hardware-based system for interactive denoising, vortex detection, and visualization of vector data. No intermediate results need to be read back by the application once the vector field has been loaded onto the graphics adapter. ... Keywords: Flow visualization, Graphics hardware, Vortex detection

S. Stegmaier; T. Ertl

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Polarization radiation of vortex electrons with large orbital angular momentum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vortex electrons, - freely propagating electrons whose wavefunction has helical wavefronts, - could become a novel tool in the physics of electromagnetic radiation. They carry a non-zero intrinsic orbital angular momentum (OAM) $\\ell$ with respect to the propagation axis and, for \\ell \\gg 1, a large OAM-induced magnetic moment, \\mu ~ \\ell \\mu_B (\\mu_B is the Bohr magneton), which influences the radiation of electromagnetic waves. Here, we consider in detail the OAM-induced effects by such electrons in two forms of polarization radiation, namely in Cherenkov radiation and transition radiation. Thanks to the large \\ell, we can neglect quantum or spin-induced effects, which are of the order of \\hbar \\omega/E_e \\ll 1, but retain the magnetic moment contribution \\ell \\hbar \\omega/E_e \\lesssim 1, which makes the quasiclassical approach to polarization radiation applicable. We discuss the magnetic moment contribution to polarization radiation, which has never been experimentally observed, and study how its visibility depends on the kinematical parameters and the medium permittivity. In particular, it is shown that this contribution can, in principle, be detected in azimuthally non-symmetrical problems, for example when vortex electrons obliquely cross a metallic screen (transition radiation) or move nearby it (diffraction radiation). We predict a left-right angular asymmetry of the transition radiation (in the plane where the charge radiation distributions would stay symmetric), which appears due to an effective interference between the charge radiation field and the magnetic moment one. Numerical values of this asymmetry for vortex electrons with E_e = 300keV and \\ell = O(100-1000) are O(0.1-1%), and we argue that this effect could be detected with existing technology. The finite conductivity of the target and frequency dispersion play the crucial roles in these predictions.

Igor P. Ivanov; Dmitry V. Karlovets

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

164

Vortex nozzle for segmenting and transporting metal chips from turning operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for collecting, segmenting and conveying metal chips from machining operations utilizes a compressed gas driven vortex nozzle for receiving the chip and twisting it to cause the chip to segment through the application of torsional forces to the chip. The vortex nozzle is open ended and generally tubular in shape with a converging inlet end, a constant diameter throat section and a diverging exhaust end. Compressed gas is discharged through angled vortex ports in the nozzle throat section to create vortex flow in the nozzle and through an annular inlet at the entrance to the converging inlet end to create suction at the nozzle inlet and cause ambient air to enter the nozzle. The vortex flow in the nozzle causes the metal chip to segment and the segments thus formed to pass out of the discharge end of the nozzle where they are collected, cleaned and compacted as needed.

Bieg, L.F.

1993-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

165

Vortex nozzle for segmenting and transporting metal chips from turning operations  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an apparatus for collecting, segmenting and conveying metal chips from machining operations which utilizes a compressed gas driven vortex nozzle for receiving the chip and twisting it to cause the chip to segment through the application of torsional forces to the chip. The vortex nozzle is open ended and generally tubular in shape with a converging inlet end, a constant diameter throat section and a diverging exhaust end. Compressed gas is discharged through angled vortex ports in the nozzle throat section to create vortex flow in the nozzle and through an annular inlet at the entrance to the converging inlet end to create suction at the nozzle inlet and cause ambient air to enter the nozzle. The vortex flow in the nozzle causes the metal chip to segment and the segments thus formed to pass out of the discharge end of the nozzle where they are collected, cleaned and compacted as needed.

Bieg, L.F.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

166

Heat Transfer Enhancement in Separated and Vortex Flows  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the research performance done at the Heat Transfer Laboratory of the University of Minnesota on heat transfer and energy separation in separated and vortex flow supported by DOE in the period September 1, 1998--August 31, 2003. Unsteady and complicated flow structures in separated or vortex flows are the main reason for a poor understanding of heat transfer under such conditions. The research from the University of Minnesota focused on the following important aspects of understanding such flows: (1) Heat/mass transfer from a circular cylinder; (2) study of energy separation and heat transfer in free jet flows and shear layers; and (3) study of energy separation on the surface and in the wake of a cylinder in crossflow. The current study used three different experimental setups to accomplish these goals. A wind tunnel and a liquid tunnel using water and mixtures of ethylene glycol and water, is used for the study of prandtl number effect with uniform heat flux from the circular cylinder. A high velocity air jet is used to study energy separation in free jets. A high speed wind tunnel, same as used for the first part, is utilized for energy separation effects on the surface and in the wake of the circular cylinder. The final outcome of this study is a substantial advancement in this research area.

Richard J. Goldstein

2004-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

167

Dissipative dynamics of vortex arrays in trapped Bose-condensed gases: neutron stars physics on $?$K scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a theory of dissipative dynamics of large vortex arrays in trapped Bose-condensed gases. We show that in a static trap the interaction of the vortex array with thermal excitations leads to a non-exponential decay of the vortex structure, and the characteristic lifetime depends on the initial density of vortices. Drawing an analogy with physics of pulsar glitches, we propose an experiment which employs the heating of the thermal cloud in the course of the decay of the vortex array as a tool for a non-destructive study of the vortex dynamics.

P. O. Fedichev; A. E. Muryshev

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

168

Effect of point-like disorder on the vortex phase diagram in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} in oblique field.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase diagram of vortex matter in the layered superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} exposed to a magnetic field oblique to the crystalline c-axis contains two first order transition (FOT) lines. The first, H{sub FOT}{sup m}, separates the vortex solid from the vortex liquid, the second, H{sub FOT}{sup ct}, separates the combined lattice state in the vortex solid from a tilted lattice state. The angular dependence of H{sub FOT}{sup m} in the tilted lattice region follows the anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau model, allowing for the determination of the anisotropy factor {gamma}{sub eff} and the contribution of magnetic coupling to the mutual interaction of 'pancake' vortices in the crossed lattice limit. The later parameter is directly related to the in-plane penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}. We investigate the evolution of the phase diagram of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} in oblique fields with point-like disorder, introduced by irradiation with 2.3 MeV electrons. Apart from the depression of T{sub c}, point-like disorder induces an increase of {gamma}{sub eff} and a depression of the superfluid density.

Konczykowski, M.; van der Beek, C. J.; Mosser, V.; Koshelev, A. E.; Li, M.; Kes, P. H. (Materials Science Division); (Ecole Polytechnique); (ITRON); (Leiden Univ.)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

An adaptive mesh method for the simulation of Blade Vortex Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An adaptive mesh method for the simulation of parallel ics. Blade Vortex Interaction (BV1) with an active Trailing Edge Flap (TEF) is presented. The two-dimensional 1111-steady problem is solved by a higher order upwind Euler method for an unstructured mesh. A local mesh adaptation technique is employed to maintain vortex strength by capturing the details of the convecting vortex. The computational technique does not require any assumption on the vortex structure, and, therefore is suitable for close interaction of the vortex and the blade. The adaptive method is based on cell subdivisions and allows for frequent mesh adaptation due to its fast speed. To demonstrate the reduction of numerical dissipation of a vortex via mesh adaptation, we first consider a simple case with a convecting vortex in freestream. Finally, we apply tile techniques to examine the effectiveness of an active TEF on BVI in reducing the pressure perturbations at the airfoil leading edge. For the boundary motion due to TEF deployment, a local recessing procedure is utilized to maintain mesh quality by avoiding distorted mesh elements near the flap.

Kim, Kyu-Sup

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Effects of surface roughness and vortex generators on the NACA 4415 airfoil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind turbines in the field can be subjected to many and varying wind conditions, including high winds with rotor locked or with yaw excursions. In some cases the rotor blades may be subjected to unusually large angles of attack that possibly result in unexpected loads and deflections. To better understand loadings at unusual angles of attack, a wind tunnel test was performed. An 18-inch constant chord model of the NACA 4415 airfoil section was tested under two dimensional steady state conditions in the Ohio State University Aeronautical and Astronautical Research Laboratory (OSU/AARL) 7 x 10 Subsonic Wind Tunnel (7 x 10). The objective of these tests was to document section lift and moment characteristics under various model and air flow conditions. These included a normal angle of attack range of {minus}20{degree} to +40{degree}, an extended angle of attack range of {minus}60{degree} to +230{degree}, applications of leading edge grit roughness (LEGR), and use of vortex generators (VGs), all at chord Reynolds numbers as high as possible for the particular model configuration. To realistically satisfy these conditions the 7 x 10 offered a tunnel-height-to-model-chord ratio of 6.7, suggesting low interference effects even at the relatively high lift and drag conditions expected during the test. Significantly, it also provided chord Reynolds numbers up to 2.0 million. 167 figs., 13 tabs.

Reuss, R.L.; Hoffman, M.J.; Gregorek, G.M. [Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Biquadratic coupling effect on magnetoresistance response curves of spin valves with a synthetic antiferromagnet  

SciTech Connect

Both normal and inverse magnetoresistance (MR) response curves were observed for synthetic spin valves with the structure of Si(100)/Ru/Co(t{sub 1})/Ru(0.7nm)/Co(t{sub 2})/Cu(3nm)/Co(t{sub 3})/Ru. Under the assumption of a coherent rotation of the magnetization in the three Co layers, the hysteresis loops, magnetization response, and MR response curves were calculated as a function of the parameters of the system. The parameters include antiferromagnetic coupling of Co(t{sub 1}) and Co(t{sub 2}) through Ru layer, a weak ferromagnetic coupling of Co(t{sub 2}) and Co(t{sub 3}) through Cu spacer, giant magnetoresistance of the Co/Cu/Co and Co/Ru/Co systems, and AMR contribution of each Co layer. The uniaxial anisotropy of each Co layer and a distribution of the coupling strength of Co(t{sub 1})/Ru/Co(t{sub 2}) were also included. To fit the experimental data well, it was necessary to include a biquadratic coupling in the Co(t{sub 1})/Ru/Co(t{sub 2}) trilayer. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Zhang, K.; Kai, T.; Zhao, T.; Fujiwara, H.; Mankey, G. J.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Axial dipolar dynamo action in the Taylor-Green vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a numerical study of the magnetic field generated by the Taylor-Green vortex. We show that periodic boundary conditions can be used to mimic realistic boundary conditions by prescribing the symmetries of the velocity and magnetic fields. This gives insight in some problems of central interest for dynamos: the possible effect of velocity fluctuations on the dynamo threshold, the role of boundary conditions on the threshold and on the geometry of the magnetic field generated by dynamo action. In particular, we show that an axial dipolar dynamo similar to the one observed in a recent experiment can be obtained with an appropriate choice of the symmetries of the magnetic field. The nonlinear saturation is studied and a simple model explaining the magnetic Prandtl number dependence of the super/sub critical nature of the dynamo transition is given.

Giorgio Krstulovic; Gentien Thorner; Julien-Piera Vest; Stephan Fauve; Marc Brachet

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

173

Vortex flow in the technology of radiation wave cracking (RWC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the theory of vortex flows in relation to the processes occurring in the radiation-wave cracking of crude oil, when the crude oil is sprayed into the gas stream in the form of a mist and then is fed into the reactor, where it is treated by the accelerated electrons and the UHF radiation. The output of this process are the products with the specified parameters (high-octane petroleum products). This process operates at the ambient pressure and temperature, which makes the process safer for industrial purposes. Besides the process itself, the authors described the equipment used in this process, as well as the parameters of the optimal process.

L. A. Tsoy; V. N. Kolushov; A. G. Komarov; A. N. Tsoy

2012-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

174

Vortex flow in the technology of radiation wave cracking (RWC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article examines the theory of vortex flows in relation to the processes occurring in the radiation-wave cracking of crude oil, when the crude oil is sprayed into the gas stream in the form of a mist and then is fed into the reactor, where it is treated by the accelerated electrons and the UHF radiation. The output of this process are the products with the specified parameters (high-octane petroleum products). This process operates at the ambient pressure and temperature, which makes the process safer for industrial purposes. Besides the process itself, the authors described the equipment used in this process, as well as the parameters of the optimal process.

Tsoy, L A; Komarov, A G; Tsoy, A N

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

The Kinematics of a Midlatitude, Continental Mesoscale Convective System and Its Mesoscale Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors present a unique, scale-discriminating study of the environment-relative circulations within a mesoscale convective system (MCS) and mesoscale convective vortex (MCV). The MCS, a leading convective line and trailing stratiform region ...

Jason C. Knievel; Richard H. Johnson

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Wave–Current Interaction: A Comparison of Radiation-Stress and Vortex-Force Representations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vortex-force representation of the wave-averaged effects on currents is compared to the radiation-stress representation in a scaling regime appropriate to coastal and shelf waters. Three-dimensional and vertically integrated expressions for ...

E. M. Lane; J. M. Restrepo; J. C. McWilliams

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Evidence against an Antarctic Stratospheric Vortex Split during the Periods of Pre-IGY Temperature Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Historic upper-air observations from Antarctica are inspected to investigate the uniqueness of the vortex split in the Antarctic spring of 2002. No comprehensive meteorological observations are available prior to the International Geophysical ...

Barbara Naujokat; Howard K. Roscoe

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Midtropospheric Anticyclonic Vortex Street Associated with a Cloud Band near a Cold Front  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characteristics and formation mechanism of an anticyclonic vortex street of meso-? scale, which appeared near a cold front around the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, on 11 April 1995, were examined by an analysis of observational data, a numerical ...

Eizi Toyoda; Hiroshi Niino; Kazuhisa Tsuboki; Ryuji Kimura; Masanori Yoshizaki

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

The Uses and Limitations of Contour Advection as a Technique for Examining Arctic Vortex Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A contour advection technique, contour advection with surgery (CAS), is applied to the Northern Hemisphere Arctic vortex during several dynamically active periods in midwinter and at several different levels in the stratosphere. The ability of ...

Michael N. Baker; Derek M. Cunnold

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

The Garden City, Kansas, Storm during VORTEX 95. Part II: The Wall Cloud and Tornado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 16 May 1995, a supercell storm produced an F1 tornado near Garden City, Kansas, during VORTEX (Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment). This event provided the first opportunity to synthesize data collected by a new ...

Roger M. Wakimoto; Chinghwang Liu

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

The Effect of Tropospheric Jet Latitude on Coupling between the Stratospheric Polar Vortex and the Troposphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dry general circulation model is used to investigate how coupling between the stratospheric polar vortex and the extratropical tropospheric circulation depends on the latitude of the tropospheric jet. The tropospheric response to an identical ...

Chaim I. Garfinkel; Darryn W. Waugh; Edwin P. Gerber

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

The Role of Multiple Vortex Tornado Structure in Causing Storm Researcher Fatalities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large and violent tornado/multiple vortex mesocyclone (MVMC) / tornado tracked east and northeastward near El Reno, Oklahoma on 31-May-2013, causing eight fatalities, including storm-chasers/researchers attempting to deploy in-situ instrumentation. Sub-...

Joshua Wurman; Karen Kosiba; Paul Robinson; Tim Marshall

183

A Concentrated Outbreak of Tornadoes, Downbursts and Microbursts, and Implications Regarding Vortex Classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A remarkable case of severe weather occurred near Springfield, Illinois on 6 August 1977. Aerial and ground surveys revealed that 17 cyclonic vortices an anticyclonic vortex, 10 downbursts and 19 microbursts occurred in a limited (20 km × 40 km) ...

Gregory S. Forbes; Roger M. Wakimoto

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Jovian Dynamics. Part II: The Genesis and Equilibration of Vortex Sets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend studies of the dynamics of thin atmospheric layers, the generation and equilibration of multiple anticyclonic vortex sets associated with long solitary baroclinic Rossby waves are examined numerically using a primitive equation model ...

G. P. Williams

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Structure of a Midtropospheric Vortex Induced by a Mesoscale Convective System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 9 June 1988 a mesoscale (200-km diameter) convectively generated vortex (MCV) passed through the Colorado wind-profiling network. The generating convective system, which was too small to meet Maddox’s mesoscale convective complex criteria, ...

Diana L. Bartels; John M. Brown; Edward I. Tollerud

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

A Vortex-Based Perspective of Eastern Pacific Tropical Cyclone Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical cyclone formation over the eastern Pacific during 2005 and 2006 was examined using primarily global operational analyses from the National Centers for Environmental Prediction. This paper represents a “vortex view” of genesis, adding to ...

Christopher Davis; Chris Snyder; Anthony C. Didlake Jr.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Observations of a Storm Containing Misocyclones, Downbursts, and Horizontal Vortex Circulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 30 June 1982, a multicellular storm in Colorado produced four downbursts, three misocyclones, a miso-anticyclone, and horizontal vortex circulations within a relatively small area of the storm. Weather events associated with this storm ...

Cathy J. Kessinger; David B. Parsons; James W. Wilson

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The Role of Vortex and Environment Errors in Genesis Forecasts of Hurricanes Danielle and Karl (2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ensemble of Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) forecasts initialized from a cycling ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) system is used to evaluate the sensitivity of Hurricanes Danielle and Karl’s (2010) genesis forecasts to vortex and ...

Ryan D. Torn; David Cook

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

An Analytic Vortex Initialization Technique for Idealized Tropical Cyclone Studies in AGCMs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the design of idealized tropical cyclone experiments in atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs). The evolution of an initially weak, warm-core vortex is investigated over a 10-day period with varying initial conditions ...

Kevin A. Reed; Christiane Jablonowski

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Parametric Representation of the Primary Hurricane Vortex. Part II: A New Family of Sectionally Continuous Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For applications such as windstorm underwriting or storm-surge forecasting, hurricane wind profiles are often approximated by continuous functions that are zero at the vortex center, increase to a maximum in the eyewall, and then decrease ...

H. E. Willoughby; R. W. R. Darling; M. E. Rahn

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

The Gradient Genesis of Stratospheric Trace Species in the Subtropics and around the Polar Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms that control the formation and decay of meridional gradients in stratospheric trace species in the subtropics and around the polar vortex are investigated using a gradient genesis equation that uses mass-weighted isentropic zonal ...

Kazuyuki Miyazaki; Toshiki Iwasaki

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

A Mesoscale Vortex Couplet Observed in the Trailing Anvil of a Multicellular Convective Complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations collected during the Oklahoma–Kansas PRE-STORM experiment are used to document the evolution and structure of a mesoscale vortex couplet that developed in the mesoscale convective system that occurred on 16–17 June 1985. The ...

Johannes Verlinde; William R. Cotton

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Vortex Ring Dyons of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an axially symmetric vortex ring dyons solutions of the SU(2) Yang-Mills-Higgs theory. These vortex rings carry electric charges that are determined by a parameter, -1{<=}{eta}{<=}1. They possess vanishing magnetic charge and are located at a ring centered around the z-axis where the Higgs field vanishes. These stationary vortex ring dyon solutions possess finite energy but they do not satisfy the first order Bogomol'nyi equations. In the Bogomol'nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) limit where the Higgs field potential is zero, the time component of the gauge field is parallel to the Higgs field in isospace. The total energy, net electric charge and diameter of the vortex ring increase exponentially to infinity when {eta} approaches {+-}1. On the contrary, when {lambda} = 1, all these three values reach their critical value as {eta} approaches {+-}1.

Lim, Kok-Geng; Teh, Rosy; Wong, Khai-Ming [School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia 11800 USM Penang (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

194

The Splitting of the Stratospheric Polar Vortex in the Southern Hemisphere, September 2002: Dynamical Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polar vortex of the Southern Hemisphere (SH) split dramatically during September 2002. The large-scale dynamical effects were manifest throughout the stratosphere and upper troposphere, corresponding to two distinct cyclonic centers in the ...

Andrew J. Charlton; Alan O’Neill; William A. Lahoz; Paul Berrisford

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Ensemble Forecasting of Tropical Cyclone Motion Using a Barotropic Model. Part II: Perturbations of the Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I of this study, the technique of ensemble forecasting is applied to the problem of tropical cyclone motion prediction by perturbing the environmental flow. In this part, the focus is shifted to perturbation of the vortex structure. The ...

Kevin K. W. Cheung; Johnny C. L. Chan

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Influence of Balanced Motions on Heavy Precipitation within a Long-Lived Convectively Generated Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The forcing of heavy precipitation within a long-lived convectively generated mesoscale vortex (MCV) is investigated with the aid of diagnoses from Rapid Update Cycle gridded analyses. Organized convection within the MCV followed a distinct ...

Stanley B. Trier; Christopher A. Davis

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Source of Gravity Waves within a Vortex-Dipole Jet Revealed by a Linear Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops a linear numerical model to address the source mechanism of the gravity waves generated within a vortex dipole simulated in a fully nonlinear nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. The background flow for this linear model is ...

Shuguang Wang; Fuqing Zhang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Submonthly Polar Vortex Variability and Stratosphere–Troposphere Coupling in the Arctic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A principal component analysis is performed to characterize intraseasonal variability in the boreal stratospheric polar vortex. In contrast to previous studies, the current analysis examines daily zonal-mean variability within a limited spatial ...

Robert X. Black; Brent A. McDaniel

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

A New Parametric Model of Vortex Tangential-Wind Profiles: Development, Testing, and Verification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new parametric model of vortex tangential-wind profiles is presented that is primarily designed to depict realistic-looking tangential wind profiles such as those in intense atmospheric vortices arising in dust devils, waterspouts, tornadoes, ...

Vincent T. Wood; Luther W. White

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Maximum Likelihood Estimates of Vortex Parameters from Simulated Coherent Doppler Lidar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The performance of pulsed coherent Doppler lidar in estimating aircraft trailing wake vortices by scanning across the aircraft flight track is evaluated using Monte Carlo lidar simulations of a simple vortex pair in both a nonturbulent and ...

Rod Frehlich; Robert Sharman

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Observational Study of the Final Breakdown of the Southern Hemisphere Stratospheric Vortex in 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2002 Southern Hemisphere final warming occurred early, following an unusually active winter and the first recorded major warming in the Antarctic. The breakdown of the stratospheric polar vortex in October and November 2002 is examined using ...

Yvan J. Orsolini; Cora E. Randall; Gloria L. Manney; Douglas R. Allen

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

A Subtropical Oceanic Mesoscale Convective Vortex Observed during SoWMEX/TiMREX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines a subtropical oceanic mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) that occurred from 1800 UTC 4 June to 1200 UTC 6 June 2008 during intensive observing period (IOP) 6 of the Southwest Monsoon Experiment (SoWMEX) and the Terrain-...

Hsiao-Wei Lai; Christopher A. Davis; Ben Jong-Dao Jou

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Intense Vortex Motion on the Beta Plane: Development of the Beta Gyres  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analytical theory is presented for the self-induced translation of an intense vortex relative to a uniform background flow on the ? plane. The equivalent barotropic approximation is used to formulate the initial value problem within a polar ...

Georgi G. Sutyrin; Glenn R. Flierl

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Interaction of a Baroclinic Vortex with Background Shear: Application to Hurricane Movement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most extant studies of tropical cyclone movement consider a barotropic vortex on a ? plane. However, observations have shown that real tropical cyclones are strongly baroclinic, with broad anticyclones aloft. Also, the distribution of the large-...

Chun-Chieh Wu; Kerry A. Emanuel

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Enhancement of vortex induced forces and motion through surface roughness control  

SciTech Connect

Roughness is added to the surface of a bluff body in a relative motion with respect to a fluid. The amount, size, and distribution of roughness on the body surface is controlled passively or actively to modify the flow around the body and subsequently the Vortex Induced Forces and Motion (VIFM). The added roughness, when designed and implemented appropriately, affects in a predetermined way the boundary layer, the separation of the boundary layer, the level of turbulence, the wake, the drag and lift forces, and consequently the Vortex Induced Motion (VIM), and the fluid-structure interaction. The goal of surface roughness control is to increase Vortex Induced Forces and Motion. Enhancement is needed in such applications as harnessing of clean and renewable energy from ocean/river currents using the ocean energy converter VIVACE (Vortex Induced Vibration for Aquatic Clean Energy).

Bernitsas, Michael M. (Saline, MI); Raghavan, Kamaldev (Houston, TX)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Vortex Lattice Structures of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in a Rotating Lattice Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study vortex lattice structures of a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate in a rotating lattice potential by numerically solving the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation. By rotating the lattice potential, we observe the transition from the Abrikosov vortex lattice to the pinned lattice. We investigate the transition of the vortex lattice structure by changing conditions such as angular velocity, intensity, and lattice constant of the rotating lattice potential. PACS numbers: 03.75.Lm, 03.75.Kk Quantized vortices are one of the most characteristic manifestations of superfluidity associated with a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in atomic gases. By rotating anisotropic trap potentials, several experimental groups observed formation of triangular Abrikosov lattices of vortices in rotating BECs 1,2,3. Microscopic mechanism of the vortex lattice formation has been extensively studied both analytically and numerically using the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation for the condensate wavefunction 4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11. More recently, the vortex phase diagrams of a BEC in rotating lattice potentials have attracted theoretical attention, since one expects vortex pinning and structural phase transition of vortex lattice structures 12,13,14. Recently, a rotating lattice has been experimentally realized at JILA, makinig use of a laser beam passing through a rotating mask 12. Stimulated by the recent JILA experiment, in this paper, we study vortex lattice structures of a BEC in a rotating triangular lattice potential created by blue-detuned laser beams. We numerically solve the two-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equa-T. Sato, T. Ishiyama and T. Nikuni Fig. 1. Density profile (a) and Structure factor profile (b) of BEC in the lattice potential. The lattice potential geometry is triangular lattice at a/aho = 2.2 and ?/aho = 0.65. tion in a frame rotationg with anguler velocity ?: (i ? ?)¯h ??(r,t)

Toshihiro Sato; Tomohiko Ishiyama; Tetsuro Nikuni

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Near-Surface Vortex Structure in a Tornado and in a Sub-Tornado-Strength, Convective-Storm Vortex Observed by a Mobile, W-Band Radar During VORTEX2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the VORTEX2 field campaign, a very high-resolution, mobile, W-band Doppler radar collected near-surface (?200 m AGL) observations in an EF-0 tornado near Tribune, Kansas on 25 May 2010 and in sub-tornado-strength vortices near Prospect ...

Robin L. Tanamachi; Howard B. Bluestein; Ming Xue; Wen-Chau Lee; Krzysztof A. Orzel; Stephen J. Frasier; Roger M. Wakimoto

208

Crystal fields, disorder, and antiferromagnetic short-range order in (Yb{sub 0.24}Sn{sub 0.76})Ru  

SciTech Connect

We report extensive measurements on a new compound (Yb{sub 0.24}Sn{sub 0.76})Ru that crystallizes in the cubic CsCl structure. Valence band photoemission and L{sub 3} x-ray absorption show no divalent component in the 4f configuration of Yb. Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) indicates that the eight-fold degenerate J-multiplet of Yb{sup 3+} is split by the crystalline electric field (CEF) into a ?{sub 7} doublet ground state and a ?{sub 8} quartet at an excitation energy 20 meV. The magnetic susceptibility can be fit very well by this CEF scheme under the assumption that a ?{sub 6} excited state resides at 32 meV; however, the ?{sub 8}/?{sub 6} transition expected at 12 meV was not observed in the INS. The resistivity follows a Bloch-Grüneisen law shunted by a parallel resistor, as is typical of systems subject to phonon scattering with no apparent magnetic scattering. All of these properties can be understood as representing simple local moment behavior of the trivalent Yb ion. At 1 K, there is a peak in specific heat that is too broad to represent a magnetic phase transition, consistent with absence of magnetic reflections in neutron diffraction. On the other hand, this peak also is too narrow to represent the Kondo effect in the ?{sub 7} ground state doublet. On the basis of the field-dependence of the specific heat, we argue that antiferromagnetic shortrange order (possibly co-existing with Kondo physics) occurs at low temperatures. The long-range magnetic order is suppressed because the Yb site occupancy is below the percolation threshold for this disordered compound.

Klimczuk, T.; Wang, C. H.; Lawrence, J. M.; Xu, Q.; Durakiewicz, T.; Ronning, F.; Llobet, A.; Trouw, F.; Kurita, N.; Tokiwa, Y.; Lee, Han-oh; Booth, C. H.; Gardner, J. S.; Bauer, E. D.; Joyce, J. J.; Zandbergen, H. W.; Movshovich, R.; Cava, R. J.; Thompson, J. D.

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

209

ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SOME ASPECTS OF VORTEX TUBES FOR GAS-PHASE FISSION HEATING  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Several problems connected with vortex cavity reactors were studied analytically. They include, the generation of high-strength vortices by utilization of bleed through a porous tube wall to stabilize the shear layer on the wall; the nuclear criticality problem; the suitability of various compounds of plutonium as gaseous fissionable materials; and the problem of retaining the fission fragments within the vortex tube. It is concluded that the shear layer on the vortex tube wall can be stabilized if a mass flow greater than or equal to the vortex through flow is bled through the porous wall, and that the tangential Mach numbers which can be obtained are then slightly more than one-half the inviscid values. Beryllium oxide or graphite-moderated reactors of reasonable size and weight can attain criticality if the product of the hydrogen pressure in the vortex core and the maximum value of the ratio of fissionable gas density to hydrogen density in the tube is greater than about 100 atm. The reactor weights are then in the order of 10,000 lb or less. Of the several compounds of plutonium considered as gaseous fuel carriers, plutonium trifluoride and plutonium tribromide appear to be the most promising. It is probable that they can be held in gaseous form in hydrogen, under the desired concentrations. The rate of loss of fission fragments from the vortex tube can be reduced to a small fraction of the rate of their generation by making the vortex tubes about twice the minimum size that is allowable for satisfactory retention of the fissionable material. (auth)

Kerrebrock, J.L.; Lafyatis, P.G.

1958-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

210

Increase of pinning with temperature for a single vortex line in superfluid helium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While vortex pinning in superconductors usually becomes weaker at higher temperatures, we find the opposite behavior for a single vortex line in superfluid 4 He. The pinning steadily increases over our entire measurement range, from 0.15Tc to over 0.5Tc. We propose Kelvin waves along the vortex as a depinning mechanism with the observed temperature behavior. PACS numbers: 67.40.Vs, 74.60.Ge Pinning sites can trap vortices in a variety of systems. In superconductors, where vortex motion leads to non-zero resistance, a vast amount of work has been devoted to preventing such motion by introducing defects. Experimental work has shown that defects comparable in size to the vortex core make effective pin centers, and that straight [1] or splayed [2] line defects can increase the pin strength. Yet the mechanisms by which vortices interact with pin sites remain unresolved. Experimentally, pinning becomes weaker as temperature increases, in accord with the general assumption that depinning

L. A. K. Donev; L. Hough; R. J. Zieve

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

OTEC cold water pipe design for problems caused by vortex-excited oscillations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Vortex-excited oscillations of marine structures result in reduced fatigue life, large hydrodynamic forces and induced stresses, and sometimes lead to structural damage and to diestructive failures. The cold water pipe of an OTEC plant is nominally a bluff, flexible cylinder with a large aspect ratio (L/D = length/diameter), and is likely to be susceptible to resonant vortex-excited oscillations. The objective of this report is to survey recent results pertaining to the vortex-excited oscillations of structures in general and to consider the application of these findings to the design of the OTEC cold water pipe. Practical design calculations are given as examples throughout the various sections of the report. This report is limited in scope to the problems of vortex shedding from bluff, flexible structures in steady currents and the resulting vortex-excited oscillations. The effects of flow non-uniformities, surface roughness of the cylinder, and inclination to the incident flow are considered in addition to the case of a smooth cyliner in a uniform stream. Emphasis is placed upon design procedures, hydrodynamic coefficients applicable in practice, and the specification of structural response parameters relevant to the OTEC cold water pipe. There are important problems associated with in shedding of vortices from cylinders in waves and from the combined action of waves and currents, but these complex fluid/structure interactions are not considered in this report.

Griffin, O. M.

1980-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

212

Characterization of The Dalles Dam Spillbay 6 Vortex Using Surface Entrained Sensor Fish Device: Preliminary Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This document summarizes the pilot study to characterize The Dalles Dam Spillbay 6 vortex using a surface entrained Sensor Fish device. It was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) on April 13 and 14, 2006. The total spill was controlled at approximately 110 kcfs, the forebay elevation was 157.89 ft, and the discharge of Bay 6 at the tested gate opening of 14 ft was approximately 18 kcfs. The objectives of the full study are to (1) develop baseline conditions for the detailed analysis of Sensor Fish measurements by deploying Sensor Fish in different surface locations in the vortex periphery; (2) observe the entrainment pattern and extract hydraulic data of interest such as acceleration, rotation, pressure, and estimated velocity of Sensor Fish or drogues; (3) integrate the experimental results with companion computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and inertial particle tracking studies. A total of 12 Sensor Fish were released in the surface at upstream edge, left edge, downstream edge, and the core of the vortex at Bay 6. Because of the high discharge, the vortex patterns at the test condition were less consistent than the patterns observed at lower discharges. Compared with the Sensor Fish released at mid-bay at Bay 6, Sensor Fish released from the surface at the vortex experienced higher pressure fluctuations, a larger percentage of severe events, and much more rapid angular velocities.

Deng, Zhiqun; Richmond, Marshall C.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

213

Structure and Evolution of the Large-Scale Flow and an Embedded Upper-Tropospheric Cyclonic Vortex over Northeast Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Horizontal structure and evolution of large-scale flow and an embedded synoptic-scale cyclonic vortex over northeast Brazil as separate systems and dynamical interaction between them are studied at 200 hPa. A quasi-stationary cyclonic vortex with ...

S. K. Mishra; V. B. Rao; M. A. Gan

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Evidence of small-scale magnetic concentrations dragged by vortex motion of solar photospheric plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vortex-type motions have been measured by tracking bright points in high-resolution observations of the solar photosphere. These small-scale motions are thought to be determinant in the evolution of magnetic footpoints and their interaction with plasma and therefore likely to play a role in heating the upper solar atmosphere by twisting magnetic flux tubes. We report the observation of magnetic concentrations being dragged towards the center of a convective vortex motion in the solar photosphere from high-resolution ground-based and space-borne data. We describe this event by analyzing a series of images at different solar atmospheric layers. By computing horizontal proper motions, we detect a vortex whose center appears to be the draining point for the magnetic concentrations detected in magnetograms and well-correlated with the locations of bright points seen in G-band and CN images.

Balmaceda, L; Palacios, J; Cabello, I; Domingo, V

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Vortex combustor for low NOX emissions when burning lean premixed high hydrogen content fuel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A trapped vortex combustor. The trapped vortex combustor is configured for receiving a lean premixed gaseous fuel and oxidant stream, where the fuel includes hydrogen gas. The trapped vortex combustor is configured to receive the lean premixed fuel and oxidant stream at a velocity which significantly exceeds combustion flame speed in a selected lean premixed fuel and oxidant mixture. The combustor is configured to operate at relatively high bulk fluid velocities while maintaining stable combustion, and low NOx emissions. The combustor is useful in gas turbines in a process of burning synfuels, as it offers the opportunity to avoid use of diluent gas to reduce combustion temperatures. The combustor also offers the possibility of avoiding the use of selected catalytic reaction units for removal of oxides of nitrogen from combustion gases exiting a gas turbine.

Steele, Robert C; Edmonds, Ryan G; Williams, Joseph T; Baldwin, Stephen P

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

216

Vortex combustor for low NOx emissions when burning lean premixed high hydrogen content fuel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A trapped vortex combustor. The trapped vortex combustor is configured for receiving a lean premixed gaseous fuel and oxidant stream, where the fuel includes hydrogen gas. The trapped vortex combustor is configured to receive the lean premixed fuel and oxidant stream at a velocity which significantly exceeds combustion flame speed in a selected lean premixed fuel and oxidant mixture. The combustor is configured to operate at relatively high bulk fluid velocities while maintaining stable combustion, and low NOx emissions. The combustor is useful in gas turbines in a process of burning synfuels, as it offers the opportunity to avoid use of diluent gas to reduce combustion temperatures. The combustor also offers the possibility of avoiding the use of selected catalytic reaction units for removal of oxides of nitrogen from combustion gases exiting a gas turbine.

Steele, Robert C. (Woodinville, WA); Edmonds, Ryan G. (Renton, WA); Williams, Joseph T. (Kirkland, WA); Baldwin, Stephen P. (Winchester, MA)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Electron trapping by a current vortex F. Bentosela, a;b P. Exner, c;d and V.A. Zagrebnov a;b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the magnetic field due to an electric current forming a localized rotationally symmetric vortex. We show simpler example involves a Pauli electron interacting with a flux tube modelling a vortex magnetic field field Ansatz. To illustrate this point we analyze in this letter the situation where the vortex current

218

NMR and SR study of magnetic dilution in the triangular Heisenberg antiferromagnet This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NMR and SR study of magnetic dilution in the triangular Heisenberg antiferromagnet NaCrO 2 Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience #12;NMR and µSR study of magnetic dilution with isotropic interactions [1]. We examine by NMR and µSR the effect of substitution of non magnetic Ga3+ ions

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

219

Statistical Behavior of Formation Process of Magnetic Vortex State in Ni80Fe20 Nanodisks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science,Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and

Im, Mi-Young

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Fabrication of [001]L1{sub 0}-FePtRh ferro-antiferromagnetic pattern by flat-patterning method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A flat-patterning method that exploits the ferromagnetic (FM) - antiferromagnetic (AF) transition in [001]-oriented L1{sub 0} FePt{sub 1-x}Rh{sub x} films was investigated. FM-AF patterns with dot diameters between 15 and 1000 nm were fabricated by locally diffusing a small percentage of FePt atoms onto the FePt{sub 1-x}Rh{sub x} film. The geometric and magnetic properties of the patterns were analyzed in detail. Only the area whose composition crossed the FM-AF threshold underwent a magnetic phase change to the FM phase. FM dots with single-domain structures were observed in the AF matrix in the range of 15-100 nm by magnetic force microscopy.

Hasegawa, T.; Tomioka, T.; Ishio, S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Akita University, 1-1 Tegata Gakuen-machi, Akita (Japan); Kondo, Y.; Yamane, H. [Akita Industrial Technology Center (AIT), 4-11 Sanuki Araya, Akita (Japan)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Linear and Nonlinear Vortex Motion in an Asymmetric Balance Shallow Water Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work extends asymmetric balance (AB) theory to the beta plane (?-AB). The physical problem examined is the motion of a coherent vortex on a beta plane in a finite depth fluid in the absence of an environmental steering flow. A useful ...

Michael T. Montgomery; J. Dominique Möller; Christopher T. Nicklas

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indirect Combustion Noise: Experimental Investigation of the Vortex Sound Generation in a Choked-27 April 2012, Nantes, France 2315 #12;Combustion noise in gas turbines consists of direct noise related to the unsteady combustion process itself and indirect noise. As known, indirect noise is produced when entropy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

223

Longitudinally Dependent Ozone Increase in the Antarctic Polar Vortex Revealed by Balloon and Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The horizontal structure of processes causing increases in ozone in the Antarctic polar vortex was examined using data measured in 2003 from an ozonesonde observation campaign at Syowa Station (39.6°E, 69.0°S) and from the Improved Limb ...

K. Sato; Y. Tomikawa; G. Hashida; T. Yamanouchi; H. Nakajima; T. Sugita

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Ozone Forecasts of the Stratospheric Polar Vortex–Splitting Event in September 2002  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Southern Hemisphere major warming event in September 2002 has led to a breakup of the vortex in the middle and higher stratosphere and to a corresponding splitting of the ozone hole. Daily 3D ozone forecasts, produced at the Royal Netherlands ...

Henk Eskes; Arjo Segers; Peter van Velthoven

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Genesis of the Goshen County, Wyoming, Tornado on 5 June 2009 during VORTEX2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The genesis of a strong and long-lived tornado observed during the second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX2) in Goshen County, Wyoming, on 5 June 2009 is studied. Mobile radar, mobile mesonet, rawinsonde, and ...

Karen Kosiba; Joshua Wurman; Yvette Richardson; Paul Markowski; Paul Robinson; James Marquis

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Stability of a Two-Layer Quasigeostrophic Vortex over Axisymmetric Localized Topography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The stability of a quasigeostrophic vortex over a radially symmetric topographic feature (elevation or depression) in a two-layer ocean on the f plane is examined. This article’s concern is with compensated vortices, that is, those in which the ...

E. S. Benilov

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Asymptotic and numerical analysis of an inviscid bounded vortex flow at low Mach number  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inviscid low Mach number compressible flow developing from a plane incompressible vortex with constant density in a bounded domain is studied. A reference solution for this model flow is obtained by two-time scale asymptotic development in the zero ... Keywords: Asymptotic development, Compressible low Mach number flow, Explicit Roe scheme, Implicit scheme, WENO and high-order-compact schemes

Anne Cadiou; Lionel Le Penven; Marc Buffat

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Generation and Stability of a Quasi-Permanent Vortex in the Lofoten Basin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Nordic seas the Lofoten Basin is a region of high mesoscale activity. The generation mechanism and the conditions for the stability of a quasi-permanent vortex in the center of the Lofoten Basin are studied with a high-resolution ocean ...

Armin Köhl

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Study of a Heavy Rain Vortex Formed over the Eastern Flank of the Tibetan Plateau  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case of the heavy rain vortex which occurred during the period 14–15 July 1979 is studied using a limited-area mesoscale numerical model. This is a representative example of a group of warm southwest vortices that often form over the eastern ...

Bin Wang; Isidoro Orlanski

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The Final Warming Date of the Antarctic Polar Vortex and Influences on its Interannual Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 40 years of radiosonde data from two Antarctic stations are examined for changes in the date of the final stratospheric warming that occurs each year as the vortex breaks up in spring/summer. A new measure of this date is derived that ...

Joanna D. Haigh; Howard K. Roscoe

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex , Guohong Li1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Aging memory and glassiness of a driven vortex system. Xu Du1 , Guohong Li1 , Eva Y. Andrei1 , M memory, aging and nonlinear-dynamics. Glasses[1-11], interfaces[12] and fractures are some examples[13 the deviation from equilibrium. After removing the force, the system ages with time and its subsequent response

Andrei, Eva Y.

232

The Second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment: VORTEX2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX2), which had its field phases in May and June of 2009 and 2010, was designed to explore i) the physical processes of tornadogenesis, maintenance, and demise; ii) the ...

Joshua Wurman; David Dowell; Yvette Richardson; Paul Markowski; Erik Rasmussen; Donald Burgess; Louis Wicker; Howard B. Bluestein

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of spin-1/2 kagomé antiferromagnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stoichiometrically pure S = 1/2 Cu2+ kagomé materials have been synthesized. Such materials provide an ideal venue for exploration of quantum states on a kagomé because they exhibit strong geometric spin frustration and ...

Nytko, Emily A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment: VORTEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment planned for 1994 and 1995 to evaluate a set of hypotheses pertaining to tornadogenesis and tornado dynamics. Observations of state variables will be obtained ...

Erik N. Rasmussen; Jerry M. Straka; Robert Davies-Jones; Charles A. Doswell III; Frederick H. Carr; Michael D. Eilts; Donald R. MacGorman

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Particle filtering with Lagrangian data in a point vortex model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle filtering is a technique used for state estimation from noisy measurements. In fluid dynamics, a popular problem called Lagrangian data assimilation (LaDA) uses Lagrangian measurements in the form of tracer positions ...

Mitra, Subhadeep

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Tropical Cyclone Initialization with a Spherical High-Order Filter and an Idealized Three-Dimensional Bogus Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tropical cyclone initialization method with an idealized three-dimensional bogus vortex of an analytic empirical formula is presented for the track and intensity prediction. The procedure in the new method consists of four steps: the separation ...

In-Hyuk Kwon; Hyeong-Bin Cheong

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Variation in the Stratospheric Aerosol Associated with the North Cyclonic Polar Vortex as Measured by the SAM II Satellite Sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosol extinction data obtained by the Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement II (SAM II) satellite instrument during the 1979/80 Northern Hemisphere winter season have been analyzed in relation to the cyclonic polar vortex. A synoptic approach has ...

G. S. Kent; C. R. Trepte; U. O. Farrukh; M. P. McCormick

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Convection-Allowing and Convection-Parameterizing Ensemble Forecasts of a Mesoscale Convective Vortex and Associated Severe Weather Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of a regional severe weather outbreak that was related to a mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) is performed. The MCV-spawning mesoscale convection system (MCS) formed in northwest Kansas along the southern periphery of a large cutoff ...

Adam J. Clark; William A. Gallus Jr.; Ming Xue; Fanyou Kong

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Spatial Filter Approach to Evaluating the Role of Convection on the Evolution of a Mesoscale Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new spatial filter is proposed that exploits a spectral gap in power between the convective scale and the system (“vortex”) scale during tropical cyclone (TC) genesis simulations. Using this spatial separation, this study analyzes idealized ...

Glenn A. Creighton; Robert E. Hart; Philip Cunningham

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Probabilistic Evaluation of the Dynamics and Predictability of the Mesoscale Convective Vortex of 10–13 June 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the dynamics and predictability of the mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) of 10–13 June 2003 through ensemble forecasting. The MCV of interest developed from a preexisting upper-level disturbance over the southwest United ...

Daniel P. Hawblitzel; Fuqing Zhang; Zhiyong Meng; Christopher A. Davis

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Observations of a Terrain-Forced Mesoscale Vortex and Canyon Drainage Flows along the Front Range of Colorado  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations taken during the February 1991 Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain (ASCOT) Winter Validation Study are used to describe the wind field associated with a terrain-forced mesoscale vortex and thermally forced canyon drainage flows ...

David H. Levinson; Robert M. Banta

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Observations of a Squall Line and Its Near Environment Using High-Frequency Rawinsonde Launches during VORTEX2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rawinsonde data were collected before and during passage of a squall line in Oklahoma on 15 May 2009 during the Second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX2). Nine soundings were released within 3 h, allowing ...

George H. Bryan; Matthew D. Parker

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Contributions of the wall boundary layer to the formation of the counter-rotating vortex pair in transverse jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using high-resolution 3-D vortex simulations, this study seeks a mechanistic understanding of vorticity dynamics in transverse jets at a finite Reynolds number. A full no-slip boundary condition, rigorously formulated in ...

Schlegel, Fabrice

244

Turbulence process domination under the combined forcings of wind stress, the Langmuir vortex force, and surface cooling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Turbulence in the ocean surface layer is generated by time-varying combinations of destabilizing surface buoyancy flux, wind stress forcing, and wave forcing through a vortex force associated with the surface wave field. Observations of time- and ...

A. E. Gargett; C. E. Grosch

245

ALSNews Vol. 324  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Print 4 Print Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration Natural materials are renowned for their unique combination of outstanding mechanical properties and exquisite microstructure. Researchers at Beamline 8.3.2 have created bioactive glass scaffolds that mirror nature's efficient materials and may provide a means for previously problematic bone regeneration in large, load-bearing limbs. Read more... Contact: Q. Fu Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Despite intensive activity in the study of ferromagnetic (FM) vortex states, there has been no direct observation of such states in antiferromagnetic (AFM) microstructures. Researchers have now taken the first direct images of two types of AFM vortex states, one of which has no FM analogue. Read more...

246

ALSNews Vol. 324  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Print 4 Print Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration Natural materials are renowned for their unique combination of outstanding mechanical properties and exquisite microstructure. Researchers at Beamline 8.3.2 have created bioactive glass scaffolds that mirror nature's efficient materials and may provide a means for previously problematic bone regeneration in large, load-bearing limbs. Read more... Contact: Q. Fu Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Despite intensive activity in the study of ferromagnetic (FM) vortex states, there has been no direct observation of such states in antiferromagnetic (AFM) microstructures. Researchers have now taken the first direct images of two types of AFM vortex states, one of which has no FM analogue. Read more...

247

ALSNews Vol. 324  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Print 4 Print Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration Natural materials are renowned for their unique combination of outstanding mechanical properties and exquisite microstructure. Researchers at Beamline 8.3.2 have created bioactive glass scaffolds that mirror nature's efficient materials and may provide a means for previously problematic bone regeneration in large, load-bearing limbs. Read more... Contact: Q. Fu Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Despite intensive activity in the study of ferromagnetic (FM) vortex states, there has been no direct observation of such states in antiferromagnetic (AFM) microstructures. Researchers have now taken the first direct images of two types of AFM vortex states, one of which has no FM analogue. Read more...

248

ALSNews Vol. 324  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Print 4 Print Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration Natural materials are renowned for their unique combination of outstanding mechanical properties and exquisite microstructure. Researchers at Beamline 8.3.2 have created bioactive glass scaffolds that mirror nature's efficient materials and may provide a means for previously problematic bone regeneration in large, load-bearing limbs. Read more... Contact: Q. Fu Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Despite intensive activity in the study of ferromagnetic (FM) vortex states, there has been no direct observation of such states in antiferromagnetic (AFM) microstructures. Researchers have now taken the first direct images of two types of AFM vortex states, one of which has no FM analogue. Read more...

249

ALSNews Vol. 324  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Print 4 Print Bioactive Glass Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration Natural materials are renowned for their unique combination of outstanding mechanical properties and exquisite microstructure. Researchers at Beamline 8.3.2 have created bioactive glass scaffolds that mirror nature's efficient materials and may provide a means for previously problematic bone regeneration in large, load-bearing limbs. Read more... Contact: Q. Fu Direct Imaging of Antiferromagnetic Vortex States Despite intensive activity in the study of ferromagnetic (FM) vortex states, there has been no direct observation of such states in antiferromagnetic (AFM) microstructures. Researchers have now taken the first direct images of two types of AFM vortex states, one of which has no FM analogue. Read more...

250

Heat transfer in a two-pass internally ribbed turbine blade coolant channel with cylindrical vortex generators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are non-participating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected inter-rib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5,000 to 40,000, pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55, and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators induce substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the inter-rib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, horse-shoe vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

Hibbs, R.; Acharya, S.; Chen, Y. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)] [and others

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

251

Visualizing Spacetime Curvature via Frame-Drag Vortexes and Tidal Tendexes II. Stationary Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When one splits spacetime into space plus time, the Weyl curvature tensor (which equals the Riemann tensor in vacuum) splits into two spatial, symmetric, traceless tensors: the tidal field $E$, which produces tidal forces, and the frame-drag field $B$, which produces differential frame dragging. In recent papers, we and colleagues have introduced ways to visualize these two fields: tidal tendex lines (integral curves of the three eigenvector fields of $E$) and their tendicities (eigenvalues of these eigenvector fields); and the corresponding entities for the frame-drag field: frame-drag vortex lines and their vorticities. These entities fully characterize the vacuum Riemann tensor. In this paper, we compute and depict the tendex and vortex lines, and their tendicities and vorticities, outside the horizons of stationary (Schwarzschild and Kerr) black holes; and we introduce and depict the black holes' horizon tendicity and vorticity (the normal-normal components of $E$ and $B$ on the horizon). For Schwarzschil...

Zhang, Fan; Nichols, David A; Chen, Yanbei; Lovelace, Geoffrey; Matthews, Keith D; Owen, Robert; Thorne, Kip S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Effect of NO on extinction and re-ignition of vortex-perturbed hydrogen flames.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The catalytic effect of nitric oxide (NO) on the dynamics of extinction and re-ignition of a vortex-perturbed non-premixed hydrogen-air flame is studied in a counterflow burner. A diffusion flame is established with counterflowing streams of nitrogen-diluted hydrogen at ambient temperature and air heated to a range of temperatures that brackets the auto-ignition temperature. Localized extinction is induced by impulsively driving a fuel-side toroidal vortex into the steady flame, and the recovery of the extinguished region is monitored by planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) of the hydroxyl radical (OH). The dynamics of flame recovery depend on the air temperature and fuel concentration, and four different recovery modes are identified. These modes involve combinations of edge-flame propagation and the expansion of an auto-ignition kernel that forms within the extinguished region. The addition of a small amount of NO significantly alters the re-ignition process by shifting the balance between chain-termination and chain-propagation reactions to enhance auto-ignition. The ignition enhancement by this catalytic effect causes a shift in the conditions that govern the recovery modes. In addition, the effects of NO concentration and vortex strength on the flame recovery are examined. Direct numerical simulations of the flame-vortex interaction with and without NO doping show how the small amount of OH produced by NO-catalyzed reactions has a significant impact on the development of an auto-ignition kernel. This joint experimental and numerical study provides detailed insight into the interaction between transient flows and ignition processes.

Yoo, Chun Sang; Chen, Jacqueline H.; Frank, Jonathan H.; Lee, Uen Do (KITECH, Cheonan, Chungnam, South Korea)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Numerical evidence of breaking of vortex lines in an ideal fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emergence of singularity of vorticity at a single point, not related to any symmetry of the initial distribution, has been demonstrated numerically for the first time. Behavior of the maximum of vorticity near the point of collapse closely follows the dependence 1/(t0-t), where t0 is the time of collapse. This agrees with the interpretation of collapse in an ideal incompressible fluid as of the process of vortex lines breaking.

Kuznetsov, E A; Zheligovsky, V A

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Tripolar vortex formation in dense quantum plasma with ion-temperature-gradients  

SciTech Connect

We have derived system of nonlinear equations governing the dynamics of low-frequency electrostatic toroidal ion-temperature-gradient mode for dense quantum magnetoplasma. For some specific profiles of the equilibrium density, temperature, and ion velocity gradients, the nonlinear equations admit a stationary solution in the form of a tripolar vortex. These results are relevant to understand nonlinear structure formation in dense quantum plasmas in the presence of equilibrium ion-temperature and density gradients.

Qamar, Anisa; Ata-ur-Rahman [Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtoon Khwa 25000 (Pakistan); National Center for Physics Shahdrah Valley Road, Islamabad 44000 (Pakistan); Mirza, Arshad M. [Theoretical Plasma Physics Group, Physics Department, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a vortex-pinning mechanism in high- temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centers in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, Anna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez, J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Coll, M. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ye, S. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Rouco, V [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Magen Dominguez, Cesar [ORNL; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Visualizing Spacetime Curvature via Frame-Drag Vortexes and Tidal Tendexes II. Stationary Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When one splits spacetime into space plus time, the Weyl curvature tensor (which equals the Riemann tensor in vacuum) splits into two spatial, symmetric, traceless tensors: the tidal field $E$, which produces tidal forces, and the frame-drag field $B$, which produces differential frame dragging. In recent papers, we and colleagues have introduced ways to visualize these two fields: tidal tendex lines (integral curves of the three eigenvector fields of $E$) and their tendicities (eigenvalues of these eigenvector fields); and the corresponding entities for the frame-drag field: frame-drag vortex lines and their vorticities. These entities fully characterize the vacuum Riemann tensor. In this paper, we compute and depict the tendex and vortex lines, and their tendicities and vorticities, outside the horizons of stationary (Schwarzschild and Kerr) black holes; and we introduce and depict the black holes' horizon tendicity and vorticity (the normal-normal components of $E$ and $B$ on the horizon). For Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes, the horizon tendicity is proportional to the horizon's intrinsic scalar curvature, and the horizon vorticity is proportional to an extrinsic scalar curvature. We show that, for horizon-penetrating time slices, all these entities ($E$, $B$, the tendex lines and vortex lines, the lines' tendicities and vorticities, and the horizon tendicities and vorticities) are affected only weakly by changes of slicing and changes of spatial coordinates, within those slicing and coordinate choices that are commonly used for black holes. [Abstract is abbreviated.

Fan Zhang; Aaron Zimmerman; David A. Nichols; Yanbei Chen; Geoffrey Lovelace; Keith D. Matthews; Robert Owen; Kip S. Thorne

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Dynamics of topological light states in spiraling structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We expose a mechanism for the dynamical generation and control of light states with diverse topologies in spiraling guiding structures. Specifically, we show that spiraling shallow refractive index landscapes induce coupling and periodic energy exchange between states with different topological charges. Such a resonant effect enables excitation of optical vortices by vortex-free inputs and allows the output topological charge of the beam to be controlled. The presence of nonlinearity results in a strong asymmetrization of the resonant curves and a shift of the resonant frequencies. Resonant vortex dynamic generation, including revivals, is shown to be possible not only in waveguides mediated by total internal reflection but also in Bragg-guiding hollow-core geometries.

Kartashov, Yaroslav V; Torner, Lluis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Quantum state transfer through a spin chain in a multiexcitation subspace  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the quality of quantum state transfer through a uniformly coupled antiferromagnetic spin chain in a multiexcitation subspace. The fidelity of state transfer using multiexcitation channels is found to compare well with communication protocols based on the ground state of a spin chain with ferromagnetic interactions. Our numerical results support the conjecture that the fidelity of state transfer through a multiexcitation subspace only depends on the number of initial excitations present in the chain and is independent of the excitation ordering. Based on these results, we describe a communication scheme which requires little effort for preparation.

Wang, Zhao-Ming [Department of Physics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao; Ma, Rui-Song [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; Bishop, Clifford A [ORNL; Gu, Yong-Jian [Department of Physics, Ocean University of China, Qingdao

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Interconversion of dark soliton and Josephson vortex in a quasi-1D long Bose Josephson junction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dark soliton (DS) and Josephson vortex (JV) in quasi-1D long Bose Josephson junction (BJJ) can be interconverted by tuning Josephson coupling. Rates of the interconversion as well as of the thermally activated phase-slip effect, resulting in the JV switching its vorticity, have been evaluated. The role of quantum phase-slip in creating superposition of JVs with opposite vorticities as a qubit is discussed as well. Utilization of the JV for controlled and coherent transfer of atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is suggested.

V. M. Kaurov; A. B. Kuklov

2003-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

260

Probing the spin polarization of current by soft x-ray imaging of current-induced magnetic vortex dynamics  

SciTech Connect

Time-resolved soft X-ray transmission microscopy is applied to image the current-induced resonant dynamics of the magnetic vortex core realized in a micron-sized Permalloy disk. The high spatial resolution better than 25 nm enables us to observe the resonant motion of the vortex core. The result also provides the spin polarization of the current to be 0.67 {+-} 0.16 for Permalloy by fitting the experimental results with an analytical model in the framework of the spin-transfer torque.

Kasai, Shinya; Fischer, Peter; Im, Mi-Young; Yamada, Keisuke; Nakatani, Yoshinobu; Kobayashi, Kensuke; Kohno, Hiroshi; Ono, Teruo

2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

On the dynamics of flame edges in diffusion-flame/vortex interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the local flame extinction and reignition of a counterflow diffusion flame perturbed by a laminar vortex ring. Local flame extinction leads to the appearance of flame edges separating the burning and extinguished regions of the distorted mixing layer. The dynamics of these edges is modeled based on previous numerical results, with heat release effects fully taken into account, which provide the propagation velocity of triple and edge flames in terms of the upstream unperturbed value of the scalar dissipation. The temporal evolution of the mixing layer is determined using the classical mixture fraction approach, with both unsteady and curvature effects taken into account. Although variable density effects play an important role in exothermic reacting mixing layers, in this paper the description of the mixing layer is carried out using the constant density approximation, leading to a simplified analytical description of the flow field. The mathematical model reveals the relevant nondimensional parameters governing diffusion-flame/vortex interactions and provides the parameter range for the more relevant regime of local flame extinction followed by reignition via flame edges. Despite the simplicity of the model, the results show very good agreement with previously published experimental results. (author)

Hermanns, Miguel; Linan, Amable [Departamento de Motopropulsion y Termofluidodinamica, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Pza. Cardenal Cisneros 3, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vera, Marcos [Area de Mecanica de Fluidos, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Leganes (Spain)

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Combustion of pulverized coal in vortex structures. Final report, October 1, 1993--December 31, 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objectives of the project were: (i) to understand the effects of heating one of the streams on the characteristics of shear layers, (ii) to investigate the changes in the characteristics of large scale vortex structures in the shear layer caused by the introduction of inert solid particles in one of the feed streams; (iii) to understand the effects of pyrolyzing solids on the shear layer behavior; and (iv) to study the effects of combustion of particles and their pyrolysis products on the shear layer structure, heat release rate, and pollutant emission characteristics. An experimental facility for generating two-dimensional shear layers containing vortex structures has been designed and fabricated. The experimental facility is essentially a low speed wind tunnel designed to (i) provide two gas streams, initially with uniform velocity profiles and isotropic turbulence, mixing at the end of a splitter plate, (ii) introduce vorticity by passively perturbing one of the streams, (iii) allow heating of one of the streams to temperatures high enough to cause pyrolysis of coal particles, and (iv) provide a natural gas flame in one of the streams to result in ignition and burning of coal particles.

Gollahalli, S.R.; Butuk, N.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Optimizing the WSR-88D Mesocyclone/Tornadic Vortex Signature Algorithm Using WATADS—A Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A tornado outbreak occurred in east-central Minnesota around 0000 UTC 22 July 1995, within 80 km of the KMPX WSR-88D, at the Minneapolis–Chanhassen Weather Service Forecast Office (WSFO). The WSR-88D Mesocyclone/Tornadic Vortex Signature ...

Gregory A. Tipton; Eric D. Howieson; John A. Margraf; Robert R. Lee

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

ECMWF Analyses and Forecasts of Stratospheric Winter Polar Vortex Breakup: September 2002 in the Southern Hemisphere and Related Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Breakup of the polar stratospheric vortex in the Northern Hemisphere is an event that is known to be predictable for up to a week or so ahead. This is illustrated using data from the 45-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40) for the sudden warmings of ...

Adrian Simmons; Mariano Hortal; Graeme Kelly; Anthony McNally; Agathe Untch; Sakari Uppala

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Tracking Waves and Vortex Nucleation in Excitable Systems with Anomalous Dispersion N. Manz, C.T. Hamik, and O. Steinbock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tracking Waves and Vortex Nucleation in Excitable Systems with Anomalous Dispersion N. Manz, C of the underlying anomalous dispersion relation. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.248301 PACS numbers: 82.40.Ck, 05.45.­a and physicochemical systems [1,2]. Important examples include neuronal and cardiac tissue as well as gas discharge

Steinbock, Oliver

266

Vortex Rossby Waves in a Numerically Simulated Tropical Cyclone. Part II: The Role in Tropical Cyclone Structure and Intensity Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Part I, the author analyzed the asymmetric structure in the inner core of a numerically simulated tropical cyclone and found that the asymmetry near the eyewall in the mid–lower troposphere is dominated by wavenumber-1 and -2 vortex Rossby ...

Yuqing Wang

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Soliton trains and vortex streets as a form of Cerenkov radiation in trapped Bose-Einstein condensates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We numerically study the nucleation of gray solitons and vortex-antivortex pairs created by a moving impurity in, respectively, 1D and 2D Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) confined by a parabolic potential. The simulations emulate the motion of a localized ... Keywords: Bose-Einstein condensation, Matter waves, Nucleation, Solitons, Vortices

R. Carretero-González; P. G. Kevrekidis; D. J. Frantzeskakis; B. A. Malomed; S. Nandi; A. R. Bishop

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Ground state lost but degeneracy found: the effective thermodynamics of artificial spin ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the rotational demagnetization of artificial spin ice, a recently realized array of nanoscale single-domain ferromagnetic islands. Demagnetization does not anneal this model system into its anti-ferromagnetic ground state: the moments have a static disordered configuration similar to the frozen state of the spin ice materials. We demonstrate that this athermal system has an effective extensive degeneracy and we introduce a formalism that can predict the populations of local states in this ice-like system with no adjustable parameters.

Cristiano Nisoli; R. F. Wang; Jie Li; William F. McConville; Paul E. Lammert; Peter Schiffer; Vincent H. Crespi

2007-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

269

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 8. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama W W W W W Alabama Georgia - - W - - Alabama Indiana W W - - - Colorado Colorado W W W W W Colorado Michigan - - W - - Illinois Florida W - - - - Illinois Illinois $7.51 $4.74 $3.37 -33.0 -28.8 Illinois Indiana W W - - - Illinois Minnesota W W - - - Illinois Missouri $21.73 $20.23 $13.30 -21.8 -34.3 Indiana Alabama - W - - -

270

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 5. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

271

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

272

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data 6. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, STB data Origin State Destination State 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2001-2009 2008-2009 Alabama Alabama W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Georgia W W W W W W W W W W W Alabama Illinois - - - - - W W W W - W Colorado Alabama - W W W W W W W W - W Colorado Arizona W W W W W W W W W W W Colorado Arkansas - - - - W W W W - - -

273

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 5. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $4.31 $4.36 $5.01 7.9 15.0 Alabama Ohio W - - - - Colorado Alabama W - - - - Colorado Florida $11.08 $12.65 $13.27 9.4 4.9 Colorado Indiana $6.29 W - - - Colorado Iowa W - - - - Colorado Kentucky W - - - - Colorado Mississippi - - W - - Colorado Ohio - W - - - Colorado Tennessee W - - - - Illinois Alabama W $13.15 $14.28 W 8.6

274

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 6. Estimated barge transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $3.97 $3.97 $4.52 6.7 13.7 Alabama Ohio W - - - - Colorado Alabama W - - - - Colorado Florida $10.21 $11.53 $11.95 8.2 3.7 Colorado Indiana $5.79 W - - - Colorado Iowa W - - - - Colorado Kentucky W - - - - Colorado Mississippi - - W - - Colorado Ohio - W - - - Colorado Tennessee W - - - - Illinois Alabama W $11.99 $12.87 W 7.3

275

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 7. Estimated truck transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama W W W W W Alabama Georgia - - W - - Alabama Indiana W W - - - Colorado Colorado W W W W W Colorado Michigan - - W - - Illinois Florida W - - - - Illinois Illinois $8.16 $5.20 $3.75 -32.2 -27.9 Illinois Indiana W W - - - Illinois Minnesota W W - - - Illinois Missouri $23.60 $22.20 $14.77 -20.9 -33.5 Indiana Alabama - W - - -

276

Method for the detection of a magnetic field utilizing a magnetic vortex  

SciTech Connect

The determination of the strength of an in-plane magnetic field utilizing one or more magnetically-soft, ferromagnetic member, having a shape, size and material whereas a single magnetic vortex is formed at remanence in each ferromagnetic member. The preferred shape is a thin circle, or dot. Multiple ferromagnetic members can also be stacked on-top of each other and separated by a non-magnetic spacer. The resulting sensor is hysteresis free. The sensor's sensitivity, and magnetic saturation characteristics may be easily tuned by simply altering the material, size, shape, or a combination thereof to match the desired sensitivity and saturation characteristics. The sensor is self-resetting at remanence and therefore does not require any pinning techniques.

Novosad, Valentyn (Chicago, IL); Buchanan, Kristen (Batavia, IL)

2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

277

Characterization of waste tire incineration in a prototype vortexing fluidized bed combustor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the characteristics of incinerating waste tires in a prototype vortexing fluidized bed combustor, performance tests were conducted with two sizes of waste tire fragments. The results from the combustion experiments showed that increasing the tire particle size caused less of the volatiles to be burned in the freeboard and thus lowered freeboard temperature. Uniform bed temperature could also be achieved by increasing the size of the tire particles. Variations in the secondary and tertiary air rates simultaneously affected the swirling intensity and the axial gas velocity in the freeboard, and thus resulted in the variations in ash elutriation, combustion efficiency, and pollutant emissions for the combustion systems. 21 refs., 17 figs., 1 tab.

Teng, H.; Chyang, C.S.; Shang, S.H.; Ho, J.A. [Chung Yuan Christian Univ., Chung-Li (Taiwan, Province of China)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Simulations of 2D magnetic electron drift vortex mode turbulence in plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulations are performed to investigate turbulent properties of nonlinearly interacting two-dimensional (2D) magnetic electron drift vortex (MEDV) modes in a nonuniform unmagnetized plasma. The relevant nonlinear equations governing the dynamics of the MEDV modes are the wave magnetic field and electron temperature perturbations in the presence of the equilibrium density and temperature gradients. The important nonlinearities come from the advection of the electron fluid velocity perturbation and the electron temperature, as well as from the nonlinear electron Lorentz force. Computer simulations of the governing equations for the nonlinear MEDV modes reveal the generation of streamer-like electron flows, such that the corresponding gradients in the direction of the inhomogeneities tend to flatten out. By contrast, the gradients in an orthogonal direction vary rapidly. Consequently, the inertial range energy spectrum in decaying MEDV mode turbulence exhibits a much steeper anisotropic spectral index. The magn...

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Satellite Data Assimilation in Numerical Weather Prediction Models. Part II: Uses of Rain-Affected Radiances from Microwave Observations for Hurricane Vortex Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hybrid variational scheme (HVAR) is developed to produce the vortex analysis associated with tropical storms. This scheme allows for direct assimilation of rain-affected radiances from satellite microwave instruments. In the HVAR, the ...

Fuzhong Weng; Tong Zhu; Banghua Yan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data 8. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $13.29 $12.39 $13.93 2.4 12.5 Alabama Georgia $17.62 $17.84 $20.09 6.8 12.6 Alabama Kentucky - W - - - Alabama New Jersey W - - - - Alabama Pennsylvania - W - - - Arizona Arizona W W W W W Colorado Alabama $31.79 $27.66 $24.93 -11.5 -9.9 Colorado Arizona $25.97 W - - - Colorado Arkansas W - - - - Colorado California - $34.20 $46.22 - 35.1 Colorado Colorado $13.04 $7.72 $8.13 -21.1 5.3

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Origin State Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, state to state, EIA data Origin State Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Alabama Alabama $14.43 $13.59 $15.46 3.5 13.8 Alabama Georgia $19.13 $19.58 $22.30 8.0 13.9 Alabama Kentucky - W - - - Alabama New Jersey W - - - - Alabama Pennsylvania - W - - - Arizona Arizona W W W W W Colorado Alabama $34.52 $30.35 $27.67 -10.5 -8.8 Colorado Arizona $28.20 W - - - Colorado Arkansas W - - - - Colorado California - $37.53 $51.30 - 36.7 Colorado Colorado $14.16 $8.47 $9.02 -20.2 6.6

282

Effective field theory for two-species bosons in an optical lattice: Multiple order, the Nambu-Goldstone bosons, the Higgs mode and vortex lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the previous papers, we studied the bosonic t-J mode and derived an effective field theory, which is a kind of quantum XY model. The bosonic t-J model is expected to be realized by experiments of two-component cold atoms in an optical lattice. In this paper, we consider a similar XY model that describes phase diagram of the t-J model with a mass difference. Phase diagram and critical behavior of the quantum XY model are clarified by means of the Monte-Carlo simulations. Effective field theory that describes the phase structure and low-energy excitations of the quantum XY model is derived. Nambu-Goldstone bosons and the Higgs mode are studied by using the effective field theory and interesting findings are obtained for the system with multiple order, i.e., Bose-Einstein condensations and pseudo-spin symmetry. We also investigate physical properties of the quantum XY model in an effective magnetic field that is realized by rotating the optical lattice, etc. We show that low-energy states of the system strongly depend on the strength of the "magnetic field". For some specific strength of the magnetic field, vortex lattice forms and the correlation function of the bosons exhibits solid like behavior, which is a kind of Bose-Einstein condensation.

Y. Kuno; K. Suzuki; I. Ichinose

2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

283

Heisenberg Spin Bus as a Robust Transmission Line for Perfect State Transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the protocol known as quantum state transfer for a strongly coupled antiferromagnetic spin chain or ring (acting as a spin bus), with weakly coupled external qubits. By treating the weak coupling as a perturbation, we find that perfect state transfer (PST) is possible when second order terms are included in the expansion. We also show that PST is robust against variations in the couplings along the spin bus and between the bus and the qubits. As evidence of the quantum interference which mediates PST, we show that the optimal time for PST can be smaller with larger qubit separations, for an even-size chain or ring.

Sangchul Oh; Lian-Ao Wu; Yun-Pil Shim; Mark Friesen; Xuedong Hu

2011-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

284

Nanoscale strain-induced pair suppression as a source of vortex pinning in high-temperature superconductors  

SciTech Connect

Boosting large-scale superconductor applications require nanostructured conductors with artificial pinning centres immobilizing quantized vortices at high temperature and magnetic fields. Here we demonstrate a highly effective mechanism of artificial pinning centres in solution-derived high-temperature superconductor nanocomposites through generation of nanostrained regions where Cooper pair formation is suppressed. The nanostrained regions identified from transmission electron microscopy devise a very high concentration of partial dislocations associated with intergrowths generated between the randomly oriented nanodots and the epitaxial YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} matrix. Consequently, an outstanding vortex-pinning enhancement correlated to the nanostrain is demonstrated for four types of randomly oriented nanodot, and a unique evolution towards an isotropic vortex-pinning behaviour, even in the effective anisotropy, is achieved as the nanostrain turns isotropic. We suggest a new vortex-pinning mechanism based on the bond-contraction pairing model, where pair formation is quenched under tensile strain, forming new and effective core-pinning regions.

Llordes, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Palau, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Vlad, R. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Pomar, A. [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Arbiol, Jordi [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Guzman, Roger [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Gazquez Alabart, Jaume [ORNL; Varela del Arco, Maria [ORNL; Sandiumenge, Felip [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Ricart, Susagna [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Puig, Teresa [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain; Chataigner, D. [CRISMAT, Caen, France; Vanacken, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Gutierrez, J. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Deutscher, G. [Tel Aviv University; Moschalkov, V. [INPAC-Institute for Nanoscale Physics and Chemistry, Leuven, Belgium; Obradors, Xavier [ICMAB, Barcelona, Spain

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Control of magnetic, nonmagnetic, and superconducting states in annealed Ca(Fe1?xCox)2As2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have grown single-crystal samples of Co substituted CaFe2As2 using an FeAs flux and systematically studied the effects of annealing/quenching temperature on the physical properties of these samples. Whereas the as-grown samples (quenched from 960 ?C) all enter the collapsed tetragonal phase upon cooling, annealing/quenching temperatures between 350 and 800 ?C can be used to tune the system to low-temperature antiferromagnetic/orthorhomic or superconducting states as well. The progression of the transition temperature versus annealing/quenching temperature (T-Tanneal) phase diagrams with increasing Co concentration shows that, by substituting Co, the antiferromagnetic/orthorhombic and the collapsed tetragonal phase lines are separated and bulk superconductivity is revealed. We established a 3D phase diagram with Co concentration and annealing/quenching temperature as two independent control parameters. At ambient pressure, for modest x and Tanneal values, the Ca(Fe1?xCox)2As2 system offers ready access to the salient low-temperature states associated with Fe-based superconductors: antiferromagnetic/orthorhombic, superconducting, and nonmagnetic/collapsed tetragonal.

Ran, Sheng; Budko, Serguei L.; Straszheim, Warren E.; Soh, Jing-Han; Kim, Min Gyu; Kreyssig, Andreas; Goldman, Alan I.; Canfield, Paul C.

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

286

Vortex Diode Analysis and Testing for Fluoride Salt-Cooled High-Temperature Reactors  

SciTech Connect

Fluidic diodes are presently being considered for use in several fluoride salt-cooled high-temperature reactor designs. A fluidic diode is a passive device that acts as a leaky check valve. These devices are installed in emergency heat removal systems that are designed to passively remove reactor decay heat using natural circulation. The direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS) uses DRACS salt-to-salt heat exchangers (DHXs) that operate in a path parallel to the core flow. Because of this geometry, under normal operating conditions some flow bypasses the core and flows through the DHX. A flow diode, operating in reverse direction, is-used to minimize this flow when the primary coolant pumps are in operation, while allowing forward flow through the DHX under natural circulation conditions. The DRACSs reject the core decay heat to the environment under loss-of-flow accident conditions and as such are a reactor safety feature. Fluidic diodes have not previously been used in an operating reactor system, and therefore their characteristics must be quantified to ensure successful operation. This report parametrically examines multiple design parameters of a vortex-type fluidic diode to determine the size of diode needed to reject a particular amount of decay heat. Additional calculations were performed to size a scaled diode that could be tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Liquid Salt Flow Loop. These parametric studies have shown that a 152.4 mm diode could be used as a test article in that facility. A design for this diode is developed, and changes to the loop that will be necessary to test the diode are discussed. Initial testing of a scaled flow diode has been carried out in a water loop. The 150 mm diode design discussed above was modified to improve performance, and the final design tested was a 171.45 mm diameter vortex diode. The results of this testing indicate that diodicities of about 20 can be obtained for diodes of this size. Experimental results show similar trends as the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results presented in this report; however, some differences exist that will need to be assessed in future studies. The results of this testing will be used to improve the diode design to be tested in the liquid salt loop system.

Yoder Jr, Graydon L [ORNL; Elkassabgi, Yousri M. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; De Leon, Gerardo I. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; Fetterly, Caitlin N. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; Ramos, Jorge A. [Texas A& M University, Kingsville; Cunningham, Richard Burns [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Reduced gravity rankine cycle design and optimization with passive vortex phase separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid-metal Rankine power conversion systems (PCS) coupled with a fission reactor remain an attractive option for space power applications because system specific power and efficiency is very favorable for plant designs of 100 kW(e) or higher. Potential drawbacks to the technology in a reduced gravity environment include two-phase fluid management processes such as liquid-vapor phase separation. The most critical location for phase separation is at the boiler exit where only vapor must be sent to the turbine because blade erosion occurs from high velocity liquid droplets entrained by vapor flow. Previous studies have proposed that rotary separators be used to separate the liquid and vapor from a two phase mixture. However these devices have complex turbo machinery, require kilowatts of power and are untested for high vapor flow conditions. The Interphase Transport Phenomena (ITP) laboratory has developed a low-power, passive microgravity vortex phase separator (MVS) which has already proven to be an essential component of two-phase systems operating in low gravity environments. This thesis presents results from flight experiments where a Rankine cycle was operated in a reduced gravity environment for the first time by utilizing the MVS for liquid and vapor phase separation. The MVS was able to operate under saturated conditions and adjust to system transients as it would in the Rankine cycle by controlling the amount of liquid and vapor within the device. A new model is developed for the MVS to predict separation performance at high vapor flow conditions for sizing the separator at the boiler, condenser, and turbine locations within the cycle by using a volume limiting method. This model factors in the following separator characteristics: mass, pumping power, and available buffer volume for system transients. The study is concluded with overall Rankine efficiency and performance changes due to adding vortex phase separation and a schematic of the Rankine cycle with the integration of the MVS is presented. The results from this thesis indicate the thermal to electric efficiency and specific mass of the cycle can be improved by using the MVS to separate the two phases instead of a rotary separator.

Supak, Kevin Robert

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Reduced gravity Rankine cycle system design and optimization study with passive vortex phase separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid-metal Rankine power conversion systems (PCS) coupled with a fission reactor remain an attractive option for space power applications because system specific power and efficiency is very favorable for plant designs of 100 kW(e) or higher. Potential drawbacks to the technology in a reduced gravity environment include two-phase fluid management processes such as liquid-vapor phase separation. The most critical location for phase separation is at the boiler exit where only vapor must be sent to the turbine because blade erosion occurs from high velocity liquid droplets entrained by vapor flow. Previous studies have proposed that rotary separators be used to separate the liquid and vapor from a two phase mixture. However these devices have complex turbo machinery, require kilowatts of power and are untested for high vapor flow conditions. The Interphase Transport Phenomena (ITP) laboratory has developed a low-power, passive microgravity vortex phase separator (MVS) which has already proven to be an essential component of two-phase systems operating in low gravity environments. This thesis presents results from flight experiments where a Rankine cycle was operated in a reduced gravity environment for the first time by utilizing the MVS for liquid and vapor phase separation. The MVS was able to operate under saturated conditions and adjust to system transients as it would in the Rankine cycle by controlling the amount of liquid and vapor within the device. A new model is developed for the MVS to predict separation performance at high vapor flow conditions for sizing the separator at the boiler, condenser, and turbine locations within the cycle by using a volume limiting method. This model factors in the following separator characteristics: mass, pumping power, and available buffer volume for system transients. The study is concluded with overall Rankine efficiency and performance changes due to adding vortex phase separation and a schematic of the Rankine cycle with the integration of the MVS is presented. The results from this thesis indicate the thermal to electric efficiency and specific mass of the cycle can be improved by using the MVS to separate the two phases instead of a rotary separator.

Supak, Kevin Robert

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Engineering Nanocolumnar Defect Configurations for Optimized Vortex Pinning in High Temperature Superconducting Nanocomposite Wires  

SciTech Connect

High temperature superconducting (HTS), coated conductor wires based on nanocomposite films containing self-assembled, insulating BaZrO3 (BZO) nanocolumnar defects have previously been reported to exhibit enhanced vortex pinning. Here, we report on microstructural design via control of BZO nanocolumns density in YBa2Cu3O7- (YBCO)+BZO nancomposite films to achieve the highest critical current density, Jc(H, ,T). X-ray diffraction and microstructural examination shows increasing number density of epitaxial BZO nanocolumns in the highly cube-textured YBCO matrix with increasing nominal BZO additions. Transport property measurement reveals that an increase in BZO content upto 4 vol% is required to sustain the highest pinning and Jc performance as the magnetic field increases. By growing thicker, single-layer nanocomposite films (~4 m) with controlled density of BZO columnar defects, the critical current (Ic) of ~1000 A/cm at 77 K, self-field and the minimum Ic of 455 A/cm at 65 K and 3 T for all magnetic field orientations were obtained. This is the highest Ic reported to date for films on metallic templates which are the basis for the 2nd generation, coated conductor-based HTS wires.

Wee, Sung Hun [ORNL; Zuev, Yuri L [ORNL; Cantoni, Claudia [ORNL; Goyal, Amit [ORNL; Ahuja, Raj [Waukesha Electric Systems Inc.; Abiade, J. [North Carolina A& T State University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Winding numbers and scaling tilts from random vortex-antivortex pairs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I show that random distributions of vortex-antivortex pairs (rather than of individual vortices) lead to scaling of typical winding numbers W trapped inside a loop of circumference C with the square root of C when the expected winding numbers are large. Such scaling is consistent with the Kibble-Zurek mechanism (KZM). By contrast, distribution of individual vortices with randomly assigned topological charges would result in the dispersion of W scaling with the square root of the area inside C. Scaling of the dispersion of W and of the probability of detection of non-zero W with C can be also studied for loops so small that non-zero windings are rare. In this case I show a doubling of the scaling of dispersion with C when compared to the scaling of dispersion in the large W regime. Moreover, probability of trapping of a non-zero W becomes, in this case, proportional to the area subtended by C (hence, to the square of circumference). This quadruples, as compared with large winding numbers regime, the exponent in the power law dependence of the frequency of trapping of W=+1 or W=-1 on C. Such change of the power law exponent by a FACTOR OF FOUR implies quadrupling of the scaling of the frequency of winding number trapping with the quench rate, and is of key importance for experimental tests of KZM.

Wojciech H. Zurek

2013-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

291

State Agencies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agencies Beatrice State Developmental Center, Nebraska Black Hills State University, SD, South Dakota Fergus Falls State Hospital, Minnesota Hastings Regional Center, Nebraska...

292

Baldrige Impacts, State by State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Several states are providing coverage for other states without current programs. To learn more about impacts and benefits in each state select a ...

293

Crystal structure and antiferromagnetic ordering of quasi-2D [Cu(HF{sub 2})(pyz){sub 2}]TaF{sub 6} (pyz = pyrazine).  

SciTech Connect

The crystal structure of the title compound was determined by X-ray diffraction at 90 and 295 K. Copper(II) ions are coordinated to four bridging pyz ligands to form square layers in the ab-plane. Bridging HF{sub 2}{sup -} ligands join the layers together along the c-axis to afford a tetragonal, three-dimensional (3D) framework that contains Taf{sub 6}{sup -} anions in every cavity. At 295 K, the pyz rings lie exactly perpendicular to the layers and cooling to 90 K induces a canting of those rings. Magnetically, the compound exhibits 2D antiferromagnetic correlations within the 2D layers with an exchange interaction of -13.1(1) K. Weak interlayer interactions, as mediated by Cu-F-H-F-Cu, leads to long-range magnetic order below 4.2 K. Pulsed-field magnetization data at 0.5 K show a concave curvature with increasing B and reveal a saturation magnetization at 35.4 T.

Manson, J. L.; Schlueter, J. A.; McDonald, R. D.; Singleton, J.; Materials Science Division; Eastern Washington Univ.; LANL

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Heat Transfer Enhancement for Finned-Tube Heat Exchangers with Vortex Generators: Experimental and Numerical Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combined experimental and numerical investigation is under way to investigate heat transfer enhancement techniques that may be applicable to large-scale air-cooled condensers such as those used in geothermal power applications. The research is focused on whether air-side heat transfer can be improved through the use of finsurface vortex generators (winglets,) while maintaining low heat exchanger pressure drop. A transient heat transfer visualization and measurement technique has been employed in order to obtain detailed distributions of local heat transfer coefficients on model fin surfaces. Pressure drop measurements have also been acquired in a separate multiple-tube row apparatus. In addition, numerical modeling techniques have been developed to allow prediction of local and average heat transfer for these low-Reynolds-number flows with and without winglets. Representative experimental and numerical results presented in this paper reveal quantitative details of local fin-surface heat transfer in the vicinity of a circular tube with a single delta winglet pair downstream of the cylinder. The winglets were triangular (delta) with a 1:2 height/length aspect ratio and a height equal to 90% of the channel height. Overall mean fin-surface Nusselt-number results indicate a significant level of heat transfer enhancement (average enhancement ratio 35%) associated with the deployment of the winglets with oval tubes. Pressure drop measurements have also been obtained for a variety of tube and winglet configurations using a single-channel flow apparatus that includes four tube rows in a staggered array. Comparisons of heat transfer and pressure drop results for the elliptical tube versus a circular tube with and without winglets are provided. Heat transfer and pressure-drop results have been obtained for flow Reynolds numbers based on channel height and mean flow velocity ranging from 700 to 6500.

O'Brien, James Edward; Sohal, Manohar Singh; Huff, George Albert

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Investigation of vortex generators for augmentation of wind turbine power performance  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on the use of vortex generators (VGs) for performance augmentation of the stall-regulated AWT-26 wind turbine. The goal was to design a VG array which would increase annual energy production (AEP) by increasing power output at moderate wind speeds, without adversely affecting the loads or stall-regulation performance of the turbine. Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at the University of Washington to evaluate the effect of VGs on the AWT-26 blade, which is lofted from National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) S-series airfoils. Based on wind-tunnel results and analysis, a VG array was designed and then tested on the AWT-26 prototype, designated P1. Performance and loads data were measured for P1, both with and without VGs installed. the turbine performance with VGs met most of the design requirements; power output was increased at moderate wind speeds with a negligible effect on peak power. However, VG drag penalties caused a loss in power output for low wind speeds, such that performance with VGs resulted in a net decrease in AEP for sites having annual average wind speeds up to 8.5 m/s. While the present work did not lead to improved AEP for the AWT-2 turbine, it does provide insight into performance augmentation of wind turbines with VGs. The safe design of a VG array for a stall-regulated turbine has been demonstrated, and several issues involving optimal performance with VGs have been identified and addressed. 15 refs., 34 figs., 10 tabs.

Griffin, D.A. [Lynette (R.) and Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Vortex induced vibration for aquatic clean power (VIVACE)NOTE FROM ACM: It has been determined that the author of this article plagiarized the contents from a previously published paper. Therefore ACM has shut off access to this paper.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NOTE FROM ACM: It has been determined that the author of this article plagiarized the contents from a previously published paper. Therefore ACM has shut off access to this paper. The paper by M. K. Raj and B. G. Muthuraj plagiarizes the ... Keywords: VIVACE, reynolds number, undulations, vortex shedding, vortex vibrations

M. K. Raj; B. G. Muthuraj

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Propagation of an arbitrary vortex pair through an astigmatic optical system and determination of its net topological charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We embed a pair of vortices with different topological charges in a Gaussian beam and study its evolution through an astigmatic optical system, a tilted lens. The propagation dynamics is explained by a closed-form analytical expression. Furthermore, we show that a careful examination of the intensity distribution at a predicted position past the lens can provide us with the net charge present in the beam. To the best of our knowledge, our method is the first non-interferometric technique to measure the net charge of an arbitrary vortex pair. Our experimental results are in close agreement with the theoretical predictions.

Reddy, Salla Gangi; Aadhi, A; Banerji, J; Singh, R P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Magnetic state of K0.8Fe1.6Se2 from a five-orbital Hubbard model in the Hartree-Fock approximation  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by the recent discovery of Fe-based superconductors close to an antiferromagnetic insulator in the experimental phase diagram, here the five-orbital Hubbard model (without lattice distortions) is studied using the real-space Hartree-Fock approximation, employing a 10 10 Fe cluster with Fe vacancies in a5 5 pattern. Varying the Hubbard and Hund couplings, and at electronic density n = 6.0, the phase diagram contains an insulating state with the same spin pattern as observed experimentally, involving 2 2 ferromagnetic plaquettes coupled with one another antiferromagnetically. The presence of local ferromagnetic tendencies is in qualitative agreement with Lanczos results for the three-orbital model also reported here. The magnetic moment 3 B /Fe is in good agreement with experiments. Several other phases are also stabilized in the phase diagram, in agreement with recent calculations using phenomenological models.

Luo, Qinlong [ORNL; Nicholson, Andrew D [ORNL; Riera, J. A. [Universidad Nacional de Rosario; Yao, Dao-Xin [Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Magnetic Blockade Mechanism for Quantum Nucleation of Superconducting Vortex-Antivortex Pairs in Zero External Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a magnetic dual of the Coulomb blockade effect for quantum nucleation of flux vortex pairs in high-Tc superconducting (HTS) films and grain boundaries in zero applied field. The magnetic blockade instability occurs at {\\theta} = {\\pi}, where {\\theta} is the "vacuum" or theta angle. The {\\theta} term has recently been discussed in the context of several other systems, including charge and spin density waves, topological insulators, the quantum Hall effect, and spontaneous CP violation. Our model predicts a sharp pair creation threshold current at {\\theta} = {\\pi}, analogous to the Coulomb blockade voltage of a tunnel junction, and explains the observed thickness dependence of critical currents in HTS coated conductors. We use the Schr\\"odinger equation to compute the evolving macrostate amplitudes, coupled by a generalized tunneling matrix element. The simulations yield excellent quantitative agreement with measured voltage-current characteristics of bi-crystal and other HTS grain boundary junctions. The model also predicts non-sinusoidal behavior in the voltage oscillations resulting from time-correlated vortex tunneling.

J. H. Miller Jr.; A. I. Wijesinghe

2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

300

Flame-vortex interaction and mixing behaviors of turbulent non-premixed jet flames under acoustic forcing  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the effect of acoustic excitation using forced coaxial air on the flame characteristics of turbulent hydrogen non-premixed flames. A resonance frequency was selected to acoustically excite the coaxial air jet due to its ability to effectively amplify the acoustic amplitude and reduce flame length and NO{sub x} emissions. Acoustic excitation causes the flame length to decrease by 15% and consequently, a 25% reduction in EINO{sub x} is achieved, compared to coaxial air flames without acoustic excitation at the same coaxial air to fuel velocity ratio. Moreover, acoustic excitation induces periodical fluctuation of the coaxial air velocity, thus resulting in slight fluctuation of the fuel velocity. From phase-lock PIV and OH PLIF measurement, the local flow properties at the flame surface were investigated under acoustic forcing. During flame-vortex interaction in the near field region, the entrainment velocity and the flame surface area increased locally near the vortex. This increase in flame surface area and entrainment velocity is believed to be a crucial factor in reducing flame length and NO{sub x} emission in coaxial jet flames with acoustic excitation. Local flame extinction occurred frequently when subjected to an excessive strain rate, indicating that intense mass transfer of fuel and air occurs radially inward at the flame surface. (author)

Kim, Munki; Choi, Youngil; Oh, Jeongseog; Yoon, Youngbin [School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Rare Earth Activated Oxides for Solid State Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nd-Fe-B Permanent Magnets · Unique Exchange Bias Induced by Antiferromagnetic Cr-oxide · ZnO-graphene Hybrid Quantum Dots Light Emitting Diode ...

302

Anisotropic Magnetoresistance in Antiferromagnetic Perovskite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) is commonly used for study of magnetocrystalline ... Giant Piezoelectricity on Si for Hyper-Active MEMS.

303

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

300 300 84-ER-14 Vitreous State Laboratory... . --- 5rooo 84-ER-15 National Center for Chemical -. Research .,.,,,..,.,,,..*..ll...* --- 51000...

304

Neutron-Diffraction Evidence for the Ferrimagnetic Ground State of a Molecule-Based Magnet with Weakly Coupled Sublattices  

SciTech Connect

The diruthenium compound [Ru2(O2CMe)4]3[Cr(CN)6] contains two weakly coupled, ferrimag- netically ordered sublattices occupying the same volume. The magnetic field Hc 800 Oe required to align the two sublattice moments is proportional to the antiferromagnetic dipolar interaction Kc B Hc 5 10 3 meV between sublattices. Powder neutron-diffraction measurements on a deuterated sample reveal that the sublattice moments are restricted by the anisotropy of the diruthenium paddle-wheel complexes to the cubic diagonals. Those measurements also suggest that the quantum corrections to the ground state are significant.

Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Campo, Javier [University of Zaragoza, Spain; Vos, Thomas E. [University of Utah; Miller, Joel S. [University of Utah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

An investigation of the Goshen County, Wyoming, tornadic supercell of 5 June 2009 using EnKF assimilation of mobile mesonet and radar observations collected during VORTEX2. Part I: Experiment design and verification of the EnKF analyses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution Doppler radar velocities and in situ surface observations collected in a tornadic supercell on 5 June 2009 during the second Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment (VORTEX2) are assimilated into a simulated ...

James Marquis; Yvette Richardson; Paul Markowski; David Dowell; Joshua Wurman; Karen Kosiba; Paul Robinson; Glen Romine

306

The influence of vortex pinning and grain boundary structure on critical currents across grain boundaries in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x}.  

SciTech Connect

We have used studies of single grain boundaries in YBCO thin films and bulk bicrystals to study the influence of vortex pinning along a grain boundary on dissipation. The critical current density for transport across grain boundaries in thin films is typically more than an order of magnitude larger than that measured for transport across grain boundaries in bulk samples. For low disorientation angles, the difference in critical current density within the grains that form the boundary can contribute to the substantial differences in current density measured across the boundary. However, substantial differences exist in the critical current density across boundaries in thin film compared to bulk bicrystals even in the higher angle regime in which grain boundary dissipation dominates. The differences in critical current density in this regime can be understood on the basis of vortex pinning along the boundary.

Miller, D. J.

1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

307

Numerical Simulation of Dust Lifting within Dust Devils—Simulation of an Intense Vortex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on an advanced dust devil–scale large-eddy simulation (LES) model, the atmosphere flow of a modeled dust devil in a quasi–steady state was first simulated to illustrate the characteristics of the gas phase field in the mature stage, ...

Zhaolin Gu; Yongzhi Zhao; Yun Li; Yongzhang Yu; Xiao Feng

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The Integral Role of a Diabatic Rossby Vortex in a Heavy Snowfall Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 24–25 February 2005, a significant East Coast cyclone deposited from 4 to nearly 12 in. (10–30 cm) of snow on parts of the northeastern United States. The heaviest snowfall and most rapid deepening of the cyclone coincided with the favorable ...

Richard W. Moore; Michael T. Montgomery; Huw C. Davies

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Vortex patterns in a fast rotating Bose-Einstein condensate Amandine Aftalion and Xavier Blanc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

approaches , since the centrifugal force nearly balances the trapping force, the radius of the rotating gas down, and one ex- pects a strongly correlated ground state, such as that of an electron gas focus on the first regime. Furthermore, we restrict our analysis to the case of a two-dimensional gas

Dalibard, Jean

310

Effects of Combustion-Induced Vortex Breakdown on Flashback Limits of Syngas-Fueled Gas Turbine Combustors  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Turbine combustors of advanced power systems have goals to achieve very low pollutants emissions, fuel variability, and fuel flexibility. Future generation gas turbine combustors should tolerate fuel compositions ranging from natural gas to a broad range of syngas without sacrificing operational advantages and low emission characteristics. Additionally, current designs of advanced turbine combustors use various degrees of swirl and lean premixing for stabilizing flames and controlling high temperature NOx formation zones. However, issues of fuel variability and NOx control through premixing also bring a number of concerns, especially combustor flashback and flame blowout. Flashback is a combustion condition at which the flame propagates upstream against the gas stream into the burner tube. Flashback is a critical issue for premixed combustor designs, because it not only causes serious hardware damages but also increases pollutant emissions. In swirl stabilized lean premixed turbine combustors onset of flashback may occur due to (i) boundary layer flame propagation (critical velocity gradient), (ii) turbulent flame propagation in core flow, (iii) combustion instabilities, and (iv) upstream flame propagation induced by combustion induced vortex breakdown (CIVB). Flashback due to first two foregoing mechanisms is a topic of classical interest and has been studied extensively. Generally, analytical theories and experimental determinations of laminar and turbulent burning velocities model these mechanisms with sufficient precision for design usages. However, the swirling flow complicates the flashback processes in premixed combustions and the first two mechanisms inadequately describe the flashback propensity of most practical combustor designs. The presence of hydrogen in syngas significantly increases the potential for flashback. Due to high laminar burning velocity and low lean flammability limit, hydrogen tends to shift the combustor operating conditions towards flashback regime. Even a small amount of hydrogen in a fuel blend triggers the onset of flashback by altering the kinetics and thermophysical characteristics of the mixture. Additionally, the presence of hydrogen in the fuel mixture modifies the response of the flame to the global effects of stretch and preferential diffusion. Despite its immense importance in fuel flexible combustor design, little is known about the magnitude of fuel effects on CIVB induced flashback mechanism. Hence, this project investigates the effects of syngas compositions on flashback resulting from combustion induced vortex breakdown. The project uses controlled experiments and parametric modeling to understand the velocity field and flame interaction leading to CIVB driven flashback.

Ahsan Choudhuri

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

311

Microsoft PowerPoint - Misewich_Vortex2011 [Read-Only]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Opportunities in the Large Scale and Opportunities in the Large Scale Integration of Renewable Energy into the Electric Grid Jim Misewich Associate Laboratory Director, Brookhaven National Laboratory New York State Smart Grid Consortium Drivers for RPS reduced carbon emission encourage alternative energy prepare for electrification of transportation replace foreign oil with renewable electricity jobs and economic growth 30 states and DC have RPS typically 20% renewable power by 2020 or 2030 most aggressive: CA - 33% by 2020 NY - 30% by 2015, 80% by 2050 Renewable Portfolio Standards http://www.ferc.gov/market-oversight/othr- mkts/renew/othr-rnw-eeps.pdf American Physical Society Panel on Public Affairs (POPA) January 2011 Co-chairs:

312

Scaling laws for the tropical cyclone derived from the stationary atmospheric vortex equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of a numerical study of the differential equation governing the stationary states of the two-dimensional planetary atmosphere and magnetized plasma (within the Charney Hasegawa Mima model). The results show an interesting similarity with the morphology of a tropical cyclone. Quantitative comparisons are also favorable and several scaling laws can be formulated connecting the charactersistic physical parameters of the tropical cyclone.

Spineanu, F; Spineanu, Florin; Vlad, Madalina

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- I - I United States Department of Energy D lSCk Al M E R "This book was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency

314

Volume State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

22 22 Volume State State or Country From/To Receipts/ Imports From Deliveries/ Exports To Net a Alabama Florida .................................................................. 0 722,558 -722,558 Georgia................................................................. 0 1,352,308 -1,352,308 Gulf of Mexico....................................................... 123,132 0 123,132 Mississippi ............................................................ 2,758,595 0 2,758,595 Tennessee............................................................ 1,744 764,749 -763,005 Total..................................................................... 2,883,471 2,839,615 43,856

315

One-Particle Spectral Function and Local Density of States in a Phenomenological Mixed-Phase Model for High-Temperature Superconductors  

SciTech Connect

The dynamical properties of a recently introduced phenomenological model for high-temperature superconductors are investigated. In the clean limit, it was observed that none of the homogeneous or striped states that are induced by the model at low temperatures can reproduce the recent angle-resolved photoemission results for La{sub 2-x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} [Yoshida et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 027001 (2003)], which show a signal with two branches in the underdoped regime. On the other hand, upon including quenched disorder in the model and breaking the homogeneous state into 'patches' that are locally either superconducting or antiferromagnetic, the two-branch spectra can be reproduced. In this picture, the nodal regions are caused by d-wave superconducting clusters. Studying the density of states (DOS), a pseudogap is observed, caused by the mixture of the gapped antiferromagnetic state and a d-wave superconductor. The local DOS can be interpreted using a mixed-phase picture, similar to what is observed in tunneling experiments. It is concluded that a simple phenomenological model for cuprates can capture several of the one-particle features observed in the underdoped regime of these materials.

Mayr, Matthias [Max-Planck-Institut fur Feskorperforschung, Stuttgart, Germany; Alvarez, Gonzalo [ORNL; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Office of Research and EPA 600/R-941209 Environmental Protection Development January 1993 Agency Washington, DC 20460 Offsite Environmental 57,,7 Monitoring Report Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1992 UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING SYSTEMS LABORATORY-LAS VEGAS P.O. BOX 93478 LAS VEGAS. NEVADA 891 93-3478 702/798-2100 Dear Reader: Since 1954, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its predecessor the U.S, Public Health Service (PHs) has conducted radiological monitoring in the offsite areas around United States nuclear test areas. The primary objective of this monitoring has been the protection of the health and safety of

317

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BP Energy Company BP Energy Company OE Docket No. EA- 3 14 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-3 14 February 22,2007 BP Energy Company Order No. EA-314 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(Q of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 l(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.S24a(e)) . On May 22,2006, BP Energy Company (BP Energy) applied to DOE for an authorization to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. BP Energy proposes to purchase surplus electric energy from electric utilities and other suppliers within the United States and to export that energy to ~Mexico. The cnergy

318

State Summaries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

46. 46. Percent Distribution of Natural Gas Supply and Disposition by State, 1996 Table State Estimated Proved Reserves (dry) Marketed Production Total Consumption Alabama................................................................... 3.02 2.69 1.48 Alaska ...................................................................... 5.58 2.43 2.04 Arizona..................................................................... NA 0 0.55 Arkansas.................................................................. 0.88 1.12 1.23 California.................................................................. 1.25 1.45 8.23 Colorado .................................................................. 4.63 2.90 1.40 Connecticut.............................................................. 0 0 0.58 D.C...........................................................................

319

Improving Vortex Generators to Enhance the Performance of Air-Cooled Condensers in a Geothermal Power Plant  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work at the Idaho National Laboratory to develop strategies to enhance air-side heat transfer in geothermal air-cooled condensers such that it should not significantly increase pressure drop and parasitic fan pumping power. The work was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) of Japan, Yokohama National University, and the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India. A combined experimental and numerical investigation was performed to investigate heat transfer enhancement techniques that may be applicable to largescale air-cooled condensers such as those used in geothermal power applications. A transient heat transfer visualization and measurement technique was employed in order to obtain detailed distributions of local heat transfer coefficients on model fin surfaces. Pressure drop measurements were obtained for a variety of tube and winglet configurations using a single-channel flow apparatus that included four tube rows in a staggered array. Heat transfer and pressure drop measurements were also acquired in a separate multiple-tube row apparatus in the Single Blow Test Facility. In addition, a numerical modeling technique was developed to predict local and average heat transfer for these low-Reynolds number flows, with and without winglets. Representative experimental and numerical results were obtained that reveal quantitative details of local finsurface heat transfer in the vicinity of a circular tube with a single delta winglet pair downstream of the cylinder. Heat transfer and pressure-drop results were obtained for flow Reynolds numbers based on channel height and mean flow velocity ranging from 700 to 6500. The winglets were of triangular (delta) shape with a 1:2 or 1:3 height/length aspect ratio and a height equal to 90% of the channel height. Overall mean fin-surface heat transfer results indicate a significant level of heat transfer enhancement (in terms of Colburn j-factor) associated with deployment of the winglets with circular as well as oval tubes. In general, toe-in (common flow up) type winglets appear to have better performance than the toe-out (common flow down) type winglets. Comparisons of heat transfer and pressure drop results for the elliptical tube versus a circular tube with and without winglets are provided. During the course of their independent research, all of the researchers have established that about 10 to 30% enhancement in Colburn j-factor is expected. However, actual increase in heat transfer rate from a heat exchanger employing finned tubes with winglets may be smaller, perhaps on the order of 2 to 5%. It is also concluded that for any specific application, more full-size experimentation is needed to optimize the winglet design for a specific heat exchanger application. If in place of a circular tube, an oval tube can be economically used in a bundle, it is expected that the pressure drop across the tube bundle with the application of vortex generators (winglets) will be similar to that in a conventional circular tube bundle. It is hoped that the results of this research will demonstrate the benefits of applying vortex generators (winglets) on the fins to improve the heat transfer from the air-side of the tube bundle.

Manohar S. Sohal

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Vortex Solutions and a Novel Role for R-parity in an N=2-Supersymmetric Model for Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous work, we have been able to settle Jackiw's et al. chiral gauge theory for Dirac fermions in graphene in an N=1 supersymmetric framework, using a tau3-QED prescription, defined by means of a single pair of gauge charged superfields, but without preserving a global phase symmetry associated to the electric charge. In the present work, we propose another N=1-generalisation which indeed preserves this symmetry, namely, a straightforward extension built upon a set of two pairs of (chiral) gauge-charged superfields plus an extra pair of electrically neutral superfields. We then further proceed to establish, via a dimensional reduction procedure, an N=2 extension, allowing for the identification of non-perturbative features, as we put forward Bogomol'nyi equations and obtain vortex-like solutions saturating a topologically non-trivial bound. Remarkably, the bosonic projection of the N=2 functional space onto the saturated regime analysed herewith reveals to be free from extra scalar degrees of freedom that would otherwise demand a phenomenological interpretation. The investigation of Jackiw's model within an N=2 complex superspace is also motivated by the assumption that an R-parity-like symmetry could provide a route to incorporate the global phase-fermion number invariance as an external-like symmetry of the theory, thus associating the electric charge in graphene to the complex covariance (super-)space for the N=2-D=3 setup. We prove such a hypothesis to be realisable, as we build up the model endowed with all the symmetries required to further extend Jackiw's chiral gauge theory.

Everton M. C. Abreu; Marco A. De Andrade; Leonardo P. G. De Assis; José A. Helayël-Neto; A. L. M. A. Nogueira; Ricardo C. Paschoal

2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

WASHINGTON, TUESDAY, JUNE 28, 1983 @nngmeional Ruord United States of America .__ -- . . ,- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9@ CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmgton, D C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $xX Congresstonal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Government Prlnhng 0ffv.X 375 SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' C.QNGRESSIONAL RECORD - HOUSE June 28, 1983 H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOUND. Mr. W~.XMAN. Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. BEDELL. Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB, Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL; Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JACT. Mr. TRAKLER, and Mr. Vxrrro. H. Con. Res. 107: Mr. KASICH. Mr. AUCOIN. Mr. CARPER, and Mr. SIZHFIJER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH. Mr. LANTOS.

322

United States  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ongrees;ional Record ongrees;ional Record United States of America __._ -.. I. :- PROCEEDINGS AND DEBATES OF THE 9tth CONGRESS, FIRST SESSION United States Government Printing Office SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS Washmcqton. Cl C 20402 OFFICIAL BUSINESS Penalty Ior pwate use. $300 Congressmal Record (USPS 087-390) Postage and Fees Pad U S Governme3n:jPnntmg OfIce SECOND CLASS NEWSPAPER H.4578 ' June 28, 1983 -: I H.J. Res. 273: Mr. BOLAND, Mr. WA-. Mr. OBERSTAFC, M' r. BEDELL, Mr. BONER of Tennessee, Mr. OWENS. Mr. DAUB. Mr. CONTE. Mr. RAHALL,. Mr. GRAY, Mr. VANDER JAGT. Mr. TRAKLER. and Mr. VENTO. H. Con. Res. iO7: Mr. KASICH. Mr. ALCOIN. Mr. CARPER. and Mr. SCHEUER. H. Con. Res. 118: Mr. FISH, Mr. LANTOS. Mr. KILDEE. Mr. SOLARZ Mr. Bmrr, Mr. BELWLL, Mr. RANG~L, Mr. DYMALLY. Mr.

323

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E-T Global Energy, LLC E-T Global Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-381 Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-381 June 10, 2011 I. BACKGROUND E-T Global Energy, LLC Order No. EA-381 Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department ofEnergy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7151(b), 7172(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) ofthe Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) 1 * On May 10,2011, DOE received an application from E-T Global Energy, LLC (E-T Global) for authority to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico for five years as a power marketer using existing international transmission facilities. E-

324

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Bangor Hydro-Electric Company OE Docket No. PP-89-1 Amendment to Presidential Permit Order No. PP-89-1 December 30,2005 PRESIDENTIAL PERMIT AMENDMENT Bangor Hydro-Electric Company Order No. PP-89-1 I. BACKGROUND The Department of Energy (DOE) has responsibility for implementing Executive Order (E.O.) 10485, as amended by E.O. 12038, which requires the issuance of a Presidential permit by DOE before electric trans~nission facilities may be constructed, operated, maintained, or connected at the borders of the United States. DOE may issue such a permit if it determines that the permit is in the public interest and after obtaining favorable recommendations from the U.S. Departments of State and Defense. On December 16, 1988, Bangor Hydro-Electric Company (BHE) applied to DOE

325

Turbine blade platform film cooling with simulated stator-rotor purge flow with varied seal width and upstream wake with vortex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The turbine blade platform can be protected from hot mainstream gases by injecting cooler air through the gap between stator and rotor. The effectiveness of this film cooling method depends on the geometry of the slot, the quantity of injected air, and the secondary flows near the platform. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of the upstream vane or stator on this type of platform cooling, as well as the effect of changes in the width of the gap. Film cooling effectiveness distributions were obtained on a turbine blade platform within a linear cascade with upstream slot injection. The width of the slot was varied as well as the mass flow rate of the injected coolant. Obstacles were placed upstream to model the effect of the upstream vane. The coolant was injected through an advanced labyrinth seal to simulate purge flow through a stator-rotor seal. The width of the opening of this seal was varied to simulate the effect of misalignment. Stationary rods were placed upstream of the cascade in four phase locations to model the unsteady wake formed at the trailing edge of the upstream vane. Delta wings were also placed in four positions to create a vortex similar to the passage vortex at the exit of the vane. The film cooling effectiveness distributions were measured using pressure-sensitive paint (PSP). Reducing the width of the slot was found to decrease the area of coolant coverage, although the film cooling effectiveness close to the slot was slightly increased. The unsteady wake was found to have a trivial effect on platform cooling, while the passage vortex from the upstream vane may significantly reduce the film cooling effectiveness.

Blake, Sarah Anne

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CC-1-I Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives served through the facilities of Carolina Power & Light Company, Western Division (hereinafter called the Customers). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy available from the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Cheatham, Old Hickory, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereinafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and sold in wholesale quantities. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

327

South Dakota State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology Identification Home Federal and State Regulations State Regulations South Dakota State Regulations: South Dakota State of South Dakota The South Dakota...

328

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TexMex Energy, LLC TexMex Energy, LLC OE Docket No. EA-294-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Mexico Order No. EA-294-A February 22, 2007 TexMex Energy, LLC Order No. EA-294-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign count~y are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 301(b) and 402(f) of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 71 72(f)) and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C.824a(e)) . On August 25,2004, DOE issued Order No. EA-294 authorizing TexMex Energy LLC (TexMex) to transmit electric energy fiom the United States to Mexico as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 25, 2006. On September 8, 2006, TexMex applied to renew the electricity export authority

329

State Volume  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Volume of Natural Gas Delivered to Processing Plants (million cubic feet) Total Liquids Extracted (thousand barrels) Extraction Loss Located Within the State Located Outside of the State Total Processed Volume (million cubic feet Estimated Heat Content (billion Btu) Alabama...................... 111,656 2,614 114,270 4,476 5,810 18,610 Alaska ......................... 2,987,364 0 2,987,364 33,346 38,453 148,444 Arkansas..................... 214,868 161 215,029 237 474 977 California..................... 240,566 0 240,566 9,798 12,169 41,037 Colorado ..................... 493,748 1,249 494,997 16,891 23,420 63,411 Florida......................... 5,900 0 5,900 1,130 1,143 4,202 Illinois.......................... 578 0 578 63 64 271 Kansas........................ 825,825 2,731 828,556 30,617 41,115 120,221 Kentucky .....................

330

United States  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

United States United States Coal ................................................ 4,367 4,077 4,747 4,181 4,473 4,125 4,983 4,330 4,414 4,003 4,796 4,178 4,344 4,479 4,348 Natural Gas .................................... 2,802 2,843 3,694 2,863 2,713 2,880 3,636 2,707 2,792 2,972 3,815 2,849 3,052 2,986 3,109 Petroleum (a) .................................. 74 73 81 67 73 70 75 66 75 70 76 66 74 71 71 Other Gases ................................... 32 33 36 32 32 34 37 33 33 35 39 34 33 34 35 Nuclear ........................................... 2,176 2,044 2,257 2,170 2,106 2,037 2,167 2,010 2,144 2,074 2,206 2,055 2,162 2,080 2,120 Renewable Energy Sources: Conventional Hydropower ........... 736 886 716 633 765 887 708 646 767 919 729 659 742 751 768 Wind ............................................ 491 520 353 449 477 521 379 475

331

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tenaslta Power Services Co. Tenaslta Power Services Co. OE Docket No. EA-243-A Order Authorizing Electricity Exports to Canada Order No. EA-243-A March 1,2007 Tenaska Power Services Co. Order No. EA-243-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of elcctricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated by the Department of Energy (DOE) pursuant to sections 30 I(b) and 402(f) of the Departrncnt of' Energy Organizatio~l Act (42 U, S.C. 7 15 1 (b), 7 1 72Cf)) and rcquirc authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) ( Z 6 U. s.c.824a(e)j1. On August 16,2001, DOE issued Order No. EA-243 authorizing Tenaska Power Scrvices Co. (Tenaska) to transmit electric cncrgy from the United States to Canada as a power marketer. That authority expired on August 16,2003. On August 14,2006, Teilaska applied to renew the electricity export authority

332

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTV-1-H Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and TVA. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating current at a frequency of approximately 60 hertz at the outgoing terminals of the Cumberland

333

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule CTVI-1-A Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to customers (hereinafter called the Customer) who are or were formerly in the Tennessee Valley Authority (hereinafter called TVA) service area. Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric capacity and energy generated at the Dale Hollow, Center Hill, Wolf Creek, Old Hickory, Cheatham, Barkley, J. Percy Priest, and Cordell Hull Projects (all of such projects being hereafter called collectively the "Cumberland Projects") and the Laurel Project sold under agreement between the Department of Energy and the Customer. Character of Service: The electric capacity and energy supplied hereunder will be three-phase alternating

334

UNITED STATES  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG f).~<~~ \--\c :y-,ai F p"- KG WASHINOTDN 28.0. C. ' -lr ' \ ' ' --- ".I ?--" ' z I. .~;-4.' J frr*o& 2 ii, - - -4 70-147 LRL:JCD JAN !! 8 1958 Oregon Metallurgical Corporation P. 0. Box 484 Albany, Oregon Attention: Mr. Stephen M. Shelton General Manager Gentlemen: Enclosed is Special Nuclear Material License No. SNM-144, as amended. Very 33uly yours, r:; I,;, ll)~gQ""d".- Lyall Johnson Chief, Licensing Branch Division of Licensing & Regulation Enclosure: SNM-144, as amended Distribution: bRO0 Attn: Dr. H.M.Roth DFMusser NMM MMMann INS JCRyan FIN (2) HSteele LRL SRGustavson LRL Document room Formal file Suppl. file Br & Div rf's ' .b liwwArry s/VW- ' q+ ' yj/ 2; 2-' , COP' 1 J JAM01958 -- UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION

335

United States  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Department of Energy Southeastern Power Administration Wholesale Power Rate Schedule JW-2-F Availability: This rate schedule shall be available to the Florida Power Corporation (or Progress Energy Florida, hereinafter called the Company). Applicability: This rate schedule shall be applicable to electric energy generated at the Jim Woodruff Project (hereinafter called the Project) and sold to the Company in wholesale quantities. Points of Delivery: Power sold to the Company by the Government will be delivered at the connection of the Company's transmission system with the Project bus. Character of Service: Electric power delivered to the Company will be three-phase alternating current at a nominal frequency of 60 cycles per second.

336

{sup 13}C NMR studies of the normal and superconducting states of the organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors report {sup 13}C NMR spin-lattice relaxation rates 1/{ital T}{sub 1} and Knight shifts {ital K}{sub {ital S}} in the quasi-two-dimensional organic superconductor {kappa}-(ET){sub 2}Cu[N(CN){sub 2}]Br ({ital T}{sub {ital c}}=11.6 K), for an aligned single crystal. The normal-state behavior is reminiscent of the high-{ital T}{sub {ital c}} cuprates, in which antiferromagnetic fluctuations and spin-gap behavior dominate. In the superconducting state, the data rule out the BCS electron-phonon mechanism as the source of the superconductivity, but support an unconventional pairing state with possible nodes in the gap function.

De Soto, S.M.; Slichter, C.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801-3080 (United States); Kini, A.M.; Wang, H.H.; Geiser, U.; Williams, J.M. [Chemistry and Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

States | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

States States Data Apps Challenges Policies States Welcome to States.Data.gov Bridging information from across the United States. Look at the data, use the apps, join the...

338

Understanding and controlling complex states arising from magnetic frustration  

SciTech Connect

Much of our national security relies on capabilities made possible by magnetism, in particular the ability to compute and store huge bodies of information as well as to move things and sense the world. Most of these technologies exploit ferromagnetism, i.e. the global parallel alignment of magnetic spins as seen in a bar magnet. Recent advances in computing technologies, such as spintronics and MRAM, take advantage of antiferromagnetism where the magnetic spins alternate from one to the next. In certain crystal structures, however, the spins take on even more complex arrangements. These are often created by frustration, where the interactions between spins cannot be satisfied locally or globally within the material resulting in complex and often non-coplanar spin textures. Frustration also leads to the close proximity of many different magnetic states, which can be selected by small perturbations in parameters like magnetic fields, temperature and pressure. It is this tunability that makes frustrated systems fundamentally interesting and highly desirable for applications. We move beyond frustration in insulators to itinerant systems where the interaction between mobile electrons and the non-coplanar magnetic states lead to quantum magneto-electric amplification. Here a small external field is amplified by many orders of magnitude by non-coplanar frustrated states. This greatly enhances their sensitivity and opens broader fields for applications. Our objective is to pioneer a new direction for condensed matter science at the Laboratory as well as for international community by discovering, understanding and controlling states that emerge from the coupling of itinerant charges to frustrated spin textures.

Zapf, Vivien [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Annular vortex combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for burning coal water fuel, dry ultrafine coal, pulverized l and other liquid and gaseous fuels including a vertically extending outer wall and an inner, vertically extending cylinder located concentrically within the outer wall, the annnular space between the outer wall and the inner cylinder defining a combustion chamber and the all space within the inner cylinder defining an exhaust chamber. Fuel and atomizing air are injected tangentially near the bottom of the combustion chamber and secondary air is introduced at selected points along the length of the combustion chamber. Combustion occurs along the spiral flow path in the combustion chamber and the combined effects of centrifugal, gravitational and aerodynamic forces cause particles of masses or sizes greater than the threshold to be trapped in a stratified manner until completely burned out. Remaining ash particles are then small enough to be entrained by the flue gas and exit the system via the exhaust chamber in the opposite direction.

Nieh, Sen (Burtonsville, MD); Fu, Tim T. (Camarillo, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Complex state found in the colossal magnetoresistance regime of models for manganites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) effect of manganites is widely believed to be caused by the competition between a ferromagnetic (FM) metallic state induced by the double-exchange mechanism and an insulator with complex spin, charge, and orbital order. Recent computational studies in small clusters have indeed reported a CMR precisely near the frontier between those two states at a realistic hole density x = 1/4. However, the detailed characteristics of the competing insulator were not fully understood in those previous investigations. This insulator is expected to display special properties that lead to the CMR; otherwise any competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic states would induce such an effect, which is not the case experimentally. In this report, the competing insulator at electronic density x = 1/4 and in the CMR regime is studied in detail using the double-exchange two-orbital model with Jahn-Teller lattice distortions on two-dimensional clusters, employing a careful large-scale cooling down process in the Monte Carlo simulations to avoid being trapped in metastable states. Our investigations show that this competing insulator has an unexpected complex structure, involving diagonal stripes with alternating regions displaying FM and CE-like order. The level of complexity of this new state even surpasses that of the recently unveiled spin-orthogonal-stripe states and their associated high degeneracy. This new state complements the long-standing scenario of phase separation, since the alternating FM-CE pattern appears even in the clean limit. The present and recent investigations are also in agreement with the many glassy characteristics of the CMR state found experimentally, due to the high degeneracy of the insulating states involved in the process. Results for the spin-structure factor of the new states are also here provided to facilitate the analysis of neutron scattering experiments for these materials.

Sen, Cengiz [ORNL; Liang, Shuhua [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

state and local government  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... State Net - A source of information on bills and state agency regulations in the 50 states, District of Columbia and Congress. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

342

Mississippi State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mississippi State Regulations: Mississippi State of Mississippi The Mississippi State Oil and Gas Board (MSOGB), an independent agency, promulgates and enforces rules to regulate...

343

State of Connecticut Connecticut State Library  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to all employees of state agencies within the executive department, towns, cities, boroughs, districts, and §7-109 of the General Statutes of Connecticut (CGS). Definitions "Agency" means a state agencyState of Connecticut Connecticut State Library Office of the Public Records Administrator www

Holsinger, Kent

344

State Laboratory Contacts IL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State Laboratory Contact Information IL. Idaho. ... State of Iowa Metrology Laboratory Ellsworth Community College 1100 College Ave. ...

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

State Laboratory Contacts DH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State Laboratory Contact Information DH. District of Columbia. ... Lab Closed See State Director's List. No Certificate. Delaware. ...

2013-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

346

Numerical Simulations of Island-Scale Airflow over Maui and the Maui Vortex under Summer Trade Wind Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) coupled with the Noah land surface model (LSM) is employed to simulate island-scale airflow and circulations over Maui County, Hawaii, under summer trade wind ...

DaNa L. Carlis; Yi-Leng Chen; Vernon R. Morris

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes: Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes: Funding for state, city, and county...

348

Background - State Data Reporting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State Data Reporting State-reported motor fuel data is a critical component of the process that distributes HTF monies to the States. Currently, motor-fuel-based apportionment...

349

Charge state simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The charge state balance (eg, the population of different charge states) inside the EBIT is determined by the balance between the different ...

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

350

finite state machine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Moore machine), multiple start states, transitions conditioned on no input symbol (a null) or more than one transition for a given symbol and state ( ...

2013-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

351

United States Government  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to this report. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The European Laboratory for Particle Physics, CERN, in collaboration with the United States (U.S.) and other non-member states,...

352

Virginia State Energy Profile  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The State’s two nuclear power plants provided 38 percent of the net electricity generation ... Storage : 8,111 million cu ft ... energy demand is distributed fairly ...

353

Alaska State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alaska State Regulations: Alaska State of Alaska The Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (AOGCC) regulates the drilling for and production of oil and gas resources, the...

354

Arizona State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arizona State Regulations: Arizona State of Arizona The Arizona Geological Survey (AZGS) Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (OGCC) regulates the drilling for and production of...

355

State Laboratory Contacts AC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State Laboratory Contact Information AC. Alabama. Mailing Address, ... PDF. Alaska. Mailing Address, Contact Information. Alaska ...

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

State and Regional Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Center. -, Economic Developer's Assn. South Dakota, -, Small Business Development Center. -, Dakota State SBIR. Tennessee, ...

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

357

State energy flow patterns. [All 50 states  

SciTech Connect

Highly visual and self-explanatory 1975 energy flow diagrams are presented for each of the 50 states and for the entire United States. Each diagram illustrates the energy produced and how it is consumed or lost. The diagrams are meant to serve as a convenient and useful reference (or starting point) for consideration of energy-related problems.

Kidman, R.B.; Barrett, R.J.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Doorway states and billiards  

SciTech Connect

Whenever a distinct state is immersed in a sea of complicated and dense states, the strength of the distinct state, which we refer to as a doorway, is distributed in their neighboring states. We analyze this mechanism for 2-D billiards with different geometries. One of them is symmetric and integrable, another is symmetric but chaotic, and the third has a capricious form. The fact that the doorway-state mechanism is valid for such highly diverse cases, proves that it is robust.

Franco-Villafane, J. A.; Mendez-Sanchez, R. A. [Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 48-3, 62251 Cuernavaca Mor. (Mexico); Flores, J. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Centro Internacional de Ciencias, A. C., P.O. Box 6-101 C.P. 62131 Cuernavaca, Mor. (Mexico); Mateos, J. L. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Novaro, O. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 20-364, 01000 Mexico, D. F. (Mexico); Seligman, T. H. [Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, P.O. Box 48-3, 62251 Cuernavaca Mor. (Mexico); Centro Internacional de Ciencias, A. C., P.O. Box 6-101 C.P. 62131 Cuernavaca, Mor. (Mexico)

2010-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

359

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes: Funding for state, city, and county governments in the state includes: A chart detailling the funding for...

360

Parts of Quantum States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that generic N-party pure quantum states (with equidimensional subsystems) are uniquely determined by their reduced states of just over half the parties; in other words, all the information in almost all N-party pure states is in the set of reduced states of just over half the parties. For N even, the reduced states in fewer than N/2 parties are shown to be an insufficient description of almost all states (similar results hold when N is odd). It is noted that Real Algebraic Geometry is a natural framework for any analysis of parts of quantum states: two simple polynomials, a quadratic and a cubic, contain all of their structure. Algorithmic techniques are described which can provide conditions for sets of reduced states to belong to pure or mixed states.

Nick S. Jones; Noah Linden

2004-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Parts of quantum states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is shown that generic N-party pure quantum states (with equidimensional subsystems) are uniquely determined by their reduced states of just over half the parties; in other words, all the information in almost all N-party pure states is in the set of reduced states of just over half the parties. For N even, the reduced states in fewer than N/2 parties are shown to be an insufficient description of almost all states (similar results hold when N is odd). It is noted that real algebraic geometry is a natural framework for any analysis of parts of quantum states: two simple polynomials, a quadratic and a cubic, contain all of their structure. Algorithmic techniques are described which can provide conditions for sets of reduced states to belong to pure or mixed states.

Jones, Nick S.; Linden, Noah [Department of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Solid-State Lighting: Postings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting: Postings on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Postings on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Postings on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting:...

363

State Technology Extension Assistance Project for the State of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST provides technical assistance to State technology extension programs throughout the United States. The purpose ...

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

364

Montana State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Montana State Regulations: Montana State of Montana The Montana Board of Oil and Gas Conservation (MBOGC) is a quasi-judicial body that is attached to the Department of Natural...

365

EIA - State Electricity Profiles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trade and Reliability; All Reports ‹ See all Electricity Reports State Electricity Profiles. ... Electric Power Industry Emissions Estimates, 1990 Through 2010:

366

Vortex creep and critical current densities in superconducting (Ba,K)Fe2As2 single crystals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The surprisingly rapid relaxation of the sustainable current density in the critical state of single-crystalline Ba1?xKxFe2As2 is investigated for magnetic fields oriented parallel to the c axis and to the ab plane, respectively. Due to the inadequacy of standard analysis procedures developed for flux creep in the high-temperature superconducting cuprates, we develop a simple, straightforward data treatment technique that reveals the creep mechanism and the creep exponent ?. At low magnetic fields, below the second magnetization peak, ? varies only slightly as a function of temperature and magnetic flux density B. From the data, we determine the temperature and field dependencies of the effective activation barrier for creep. At low temperatures, the measured current density approaches the zero-temperature critical current density (in the absence of creep) to within a factor 2, thus lending credence to earlier conclusions drawn with respect to the pinning mechanism. The comparable values of the experimental screening current density and the zero-temperature critical current density reveal the limited usefulness of the widely used “interpolation formula.”

Konczykowski, M.; van Der Beek, C.J.; Tanatar, Makariy A.; Luo, Huiqian; Wang, Zhaosheng; Shen, Bing; Wen, Hai Hu; Prozorov, Ruslan

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

367

Effects of acetic acid injection and operating conditions on NO emission in a vortexing fluidized bed combustor using response surface methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of acetic acid injection and operating conditions on NO emission were investigated in a pilot scale vortexing fluidized bed combustor (VFBC), an integration of circular freeboard and a rectangular combustion chamber. Operating conditions, such as the stoichiometric oxygen in the combustion chamber, the bed temperature and the injecting location of acetic acid, were determined by means of response surface methodology (RSM), which enables the examination of parameters with a moderate number of experiments. In RSM, NO emission concentration after acetic acid injection and NO removal percentage at the exit of the VFBC are used as the objective function. The results show that the bed temperature has a more important effect on the NO emission than the injecting location of acetic acid and the stoichiometric oxygen in the combustion chamber. Meanwhile, the injecting location of acetic acid and the stoichiometric oxygen in the combustion chamber have a more important effect on the NO removal percentage than the bed temperature. NO emission can be decreased by injecting the acetic acid into the combustion chamber, and NO emission decreases with the height of the acetic acid injecting location above the distributor. On the other hand, NO removal percentage increases with the height of the acetic acid injecting location, and NO emission increases with the stoichiometric oxygen in the combustion chamber and the bed temperature. NO removal percentage increases with the stoichiometric oxygen, and increases first, then decreases with the bed temperature. Also, a higher NO removal percentage could be obtained at 850{sup o}C. 26 refs., 12 figs., 8 tabs.

Fuping Qian; Chiensong Chyang; Weishen Yen [Anhui University of Technology, Ma'anshan (China). School of Civil Engineering and Architecture

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

State Emissions Estimates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Estimates of state energy-related carbon dioxide emissions Estimates of state energy-related carbon dioxide emissions Because energy-related carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) constitutes over 80 percent of total emissions, the state energy-related CO 2 emission levels provide a good indicator of the relative contribution of individual states to total greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) emissions estimates at the state level for energy-related CO 2 are based on data contained in the State Energy Data System (SEDS). 1 The state-level emissions estimates are based on energy consumption data for the following fuel categories: three categories of coal (residential/commercial, industrial, and electric power sector); natural gas; and ten petroleum products including-- asphalt and road oil, aviation gasoline, distillate fuel, jet fuel, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gases

369

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solid-State Lighting Search Solid-State Lighting Search Search Help Solid-State Lighting HOME ABOUT THE PROGRAM R&D PROJECTS MARKET-BASED PROGRAMS SSL BASICS INFORMATION RESOURCES FINANCIAL OPPORTUNITIES EERE » Building Technologies Office » Solid-State Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards.

370

State Technologies Advancement Collaborative  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy Resources, (5) Hydrogen Technology Learning Centers, (6) Fossil Energy, and (7) Rebuild America.

David S. Terry

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

371

State Clean Energy Policies Analysis: State, Utility, and Municipal...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Report State Clean Energy Policies NRELTP-6A2-47376 Analysis: State, Utility, and May 2010 Municipal Loan Programs Eric Lantz Technical Report State Clean Energy...

372

States | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

States States Dataset Summary Description The State Energy Data System (SEDS) is compiled by the U.S. Energy Information Administration's (EIA); it is a comprehensive database of energy statistics by state (and includes totals for the entire US). SEDS includes estimates of energy production, consumption, prices, and expenditures broken down by energy source and sector. Annual estimates are available from 1960 - 2009 for production and consumption estimates and from 1970 - 2009 for price and expenditure estimates. Source EIA Date Released June 30th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords EIA Energy Consumption Energy Expenditures energy prices energy production SEDS State energy data States US Data text/csv icon Complete SEDS dataset as csv (may be too big for Excel) (csv, 40.6 MiB)

373

Alabama State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State Regulations » Alabama State Regulations » Alabama State Regulations: Alabama State of Alabama The State Oil and Gas Board of Alabama, under the direction of the State Geologist and Oil and Gas Supervisor, is responsible for the regulation of oil and gas operations. The Board is divided into two administrative regions-north and south. The Board has broad authority in Alabama's oil and gas conservation statutes to promulgate and enforce rules and regulations to ensure the conservation and proper development of Alabama's petroleum resources. A major duty of the Board is to prevent pollution of fresh water supplies by oil, gas, salt water, or other contaminants resulting from oil and gas operations. The Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) administers the major federal environmental protection laws through regulations governing air pollution, water quality and supply, solid and hazardous waste management.

374

Pennsylvania State University | .EDUconnections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Old Main, Credit: George Chriss Old Main, Credit: George Chriss Research Research at Penn State Capabilities and Projects Institutes of Energy and the Environment Huck Institutes of Life Sciences Materials Research Institute Eberly College of Science Alternative Energy Research Research Publications Faculty Expertise Database Research News DOE Research Results Penn State Commencement 2012 United States Secretary of Energy Dr. Steven Chu was the commencement speaker at Penn State's Eberly College of Science 2012 spring graduation ceremony held May 5 at the Bryce Jordan Center on the University Park campus. Read more. Search this site: Search Over the past ten years, more than 28,000 graduate degrees were conferred by Penn State, including over 6,300 doctoral degrees. Resources About Penn State

375

Experimental and semiempirical method to determine the Pauli-limiting field in quasi-two-dimensional superconductors as applied to ?-(BEDT-TTF)2Cu(NCS)2: strong evidence of a FFLO state  

SciTech Connect

We present upper critical field data for {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} with the magnetic field close to parallel and parallel to the conducting layers. We show that we can eliminate the effect of vortex dynamics in these layered materials if the layers are oriented within 0.3-inch of parallel to the applied magnetic field. Eliminating vortex effects leaves one remaining feature in the data that corresponds to the Pauli paramagnetic limit (H{sub p}). We propose a semiempirical method to calculate the H{sub p} in quasi-2D superconductors. This method takes into account the energy gap of each of the quasi-2D superconductors, which is calculated from specific-heat data, and the influence of many-body effects. The calculated Pauli paramagnetic limits are then compared to critical field data for the title compound and other organic conductors. Many of the examined quasi-2D superconductors, including the above organic superconductors and CeCoIn{sub 5}, exhibit upper critical fields that exceed their calculated H{sub p} suggesting unconventional superconductivity. We show that the high-field low-temperature state in {kappa}-(BEDT-TTF){sub 2}Cu(NCS){sub 2} is consistent with the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state.

Agosta, C. C.; Jin, J.; Coniglio, W. A.; Smith, B. E.; Cho, K.; Mihut, I.; Martin, C.; Tozer, S. W.; Murphy, T. P.; Palm, E. C.; Schlueter, J. A.; Kurmoo, M. (Materials Science Division); (Clark Univ.); (Nat. High Field Magnet Lab.); (The Royal Inst.)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

OpenEI - state  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm4330 en Alabama State Oil and Gas Board: Oil Well Records (2911 - 31811) http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode469

The Alabama...

377

FY 2007 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget Request February 2006 Office of Chief Financial Officer state tables preliminary Department of Energy FY 2007 Congressional Budget...

378

Florida State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to conserve the state's oil and gas resources and minimize environmental impacts from exploration and production operations through regulation and inspection activities. The...

379

United States Patent  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

( 1 of 1 ) United States Patent 6,994,831 Gentile , et al. February 7, 2006 Oxidative tritium decontamination system Abstract The Oxidative Tritium Decontamination System, OTDS,...

380

Georgia State Energy Profile  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Georgia has the largest land area of any state east of the Mississippi River, and, sitting at the southern end of the Blue Ridge Mountains, its land ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

State of Idaho  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

fire chiefs association, Idaho society of professional engineers, Idaho state independent living council, southwest Idaho building trades, Idaho building trades, and any other...

382

United States Government  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

'OQOl - United States Government - Department of Energy National Nuclear Security Administration memorandum January 19, 201 1 DATE. REPLY TO ATTN OF: Y12-60:Gorman SUBJECT ANNUAL...

383

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empowering Consumers and the ) Request for Information Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party ) Use and Privacy ) COMMENTS BY THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATE UTILITY CONSUMER...

384

Solid-State Lighting: Registration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting: Registration on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Registration on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Registration on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting:...

385

Increasing State Capacity Through Clans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their role in increasing state capacity With the decline ofhere focus on state capacity and the associated discussionselements of state capacity during the transition from one

Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Videos to Solid-State Lighting Videos to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Videos on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Videos On this page you can access DOE Solid-State Lighting (SSL) Program videos. Photo of a museum art gallery with LED lights in track fixtures overhead. The City of Los Angeles LED Streetlight Program

387

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About the About the Program Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Contacts on AddThis.com... Contacts Partnerships Solid-State Lighting Contacts For information about Solid-State Lighting, contact James Brodrick Lighting Program Manager Building Technologies Office U.S. Department of Energy

388

State of Arkansas-State Energy Program Assurances | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State of Arkansas-State Energy Program Assurances State of Arkansas-State Energy Program Assurances A letter describing the intentions of Arkansas's share of the 3.1 billion...

389

State Energy Production Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

State Energy Data System State Energy Data System Production Estimates Technical Notes For 1960-2011 Estimates Table of Contents Section 1. Introduction ................................................................................................................... 1 Section 2. Coal ............................................................................................................................... 5 Section 3. Crude Oil ....................................................................................................................... 7 Section 4. Natural Gas (Marketed Production) .............................................................................. 9 Section 5. Renewable Energy and Nuclear Energy ..................................................................... 13

390

Vectorized Finite State Automata  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a technique of finite state parsing based on vectorization and describe the application of this technique to a well-known problem of natural language processing, that of extracting relational information from English text. We define Vectorized Finite State Automata, the theoretical model behind the applied system, and discuss their significance.

András Kornai

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Solid State Division  

SciTech Connect

This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)

Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M. (eds.)

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

FY 2009 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Tables State Tables Preliminary February 2008 Office of Chief Financial Officer Department of Energy FY 2009 Congressional Budget Request State Tables Preliminary The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, use of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. Printed with soy ink on recycled paper State Index Page Number FY 2009 Congressional Budget 1/30/2008 Department Of Energy (Dollars In Thousands) 9:01:45AM Page 1 of 2 FY 2007 Appropriation FY 2008 Appropriation FY 2009 Request State Table 1 1 $27,588

393

FY 2005 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Office of Management, Budget Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO February 2004 State Tables State Tables Preliminary Preliminary Department of Energy Department of Energy FY 2005 Congressional Budget FY 2005 Congressional Budget Request Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO February 2004 State Tables State Tables Printed with soy ink on recycled paper Preliminary Preliminary The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, uses of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. State Index Page Number

394

FY 2010 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Tables State Tables Preliminary May 2009 Office of Chief Financial Officer FY 2010 Congressional Budget Request State Tables Preliminary The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, use of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. Printed with soy ink on recycled paper State Index Page Number FY 2010 Congressional Budget 5/4/2009 Department Of Energy (Dollars In Thousands) 2:13:22PM Page 1 of 2 FY 2008 Appropriation FY 2009 Appropriation FY 2010 Request State Table 1 1 $46,946 $48,781 $38,844 Alabama 2 $6,569

395

FY 2006 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Tables State Tables Preliminary Department of Energy FY 2006 Congressional Budget Request Office of Management, Budget and Evaluation/CFO February 2005 State Tables Preliminary Printed with soy ink on recycled paper The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, uses of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. State Index Page Number FY 2006 Congressional Budget 1/27/2005 Department Of Energy (Dollars In Thousands) 3:32:58PM Page 1 of 2 FY 2004 Comp/Approp FY 2005 Comp/Approp FY 2006 Request State Table

396

state | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

state state Dataset Summary Description The Alabama State Oil and Gas Board publishes well record permits to the public as they are approved. This dataset is comprised of 50 recent well record permits from 2/9/11 - 3/18/11. The dataset lists the well name, county, operator, field, and date approved, among other fields. State's make oil and gas data publicly available for a range of topics. Source Geological Survey of Alabama Date Released February 09th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated March 18th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords Alabama board gas oil state well records Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Well records 2/9/11 - 3/18/11 (xls, 28.7 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Attribution License

397

FY 2008 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Table State Table Preliminary Department of Energy FY 2008 Congressional Budget Request February 2007 Office of Chief Financial Officer State Table Preliminary Printed with soy ink on recycled paper The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, uses of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. State Index Page Number FY 2008 Congressional Budget 2/1/2007 Department Of Energy (Dollars In Thousands) 6:53:08AM Page 1 of 2 FY 2006 Appropriation FY 2007 Request FY 2008 Request State Table 1 1 $28,332 $30,341

398

Ground State Entanglement Energetics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the ground state of simple quantum systems coupled to an environment. In general the system is entangled with its environment. As a consequence, even at zero temperature, the energy of the system is not sharp: a projective measurement can find the system in an excited state. We show that energy fluctuation measurements at zero temperature provide entanglement information. For two-state systems which exhibit a persistent current in the ground state, energy fluctuations and persistent current fluctuations are closely related. The harmonic oscillator serves to illustrate energy fluctuations in a system with an infinite number of states. In addition to the energy distribution we discuss the energy-energy time-correlation function in the zero-temperature limit.

M. Buttiker; A. N. Jordan

2005-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

399

New York State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New York New York State Regulations: New York State of New York The primary responsibility for regulating oil and gas activities within New York resides with the Bureau of Oil and Gas Regulation in the Division of Mineral Resources (Office of Natural Resources) of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC). Other offices and divisions within the NYSDEC administer the major environmental protection laws. Contact New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Division of Mineral Resources Bureau of Oil and Gas Regulation 625 Broadway, 3rd Floor Albany, NY 12233-6500 (518) 402-8056 (phone) (518) 402-8060 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations Environmental conservation rules and regulations are contained in Title 6 of the Official Compilation of Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York (6 NYCRR). The rules and regulations for oil, gas and solution mining are provided in 6 NYCRR Parts 550-559.

400

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid-State Lighting Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop on AddThis.com... Conferences & Meetings Past Conferences Presentations Publications Webcasts Videos Tools Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing Workshop Nearly 200 lighting industry leaders, chip makers, fixture and component

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Solid-State Lighting: Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

about Solid-State Lighting: Tools on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Tools on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Tools on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Tools on...

402

Solid-State Lighting: News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

about Solid-State Lighting: News on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: News on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: News on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: News on...

403

State and Local Baldrige Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State, local, and regional Baldrige-based award programs use the ... organizational excellence and competitiveness in their states and regions. ...

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

Materials for solid state lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State andand Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and

Johnson, S.G.; Simmons, J.A.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

EIA - State Energy Data System  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State Energy Data System (SEDS) 500 . Unhandled exception thrown from /emeu/states/hf.jsp:90 jrun.jsp.runtime ...

406

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 2nd Quarter 2011 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 2nd Quarter 2011 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,896 182 327 - 2,405 Alabama Railroad 1,192 2 74 - 1,268 Alabama River 655 - - - 655 Alabama Truck 50 180 253 - 482 Georgia Total s - - - s Georgia Truck s - - - s Indiana Total - 72 - - 72 Indiana Railroad - 72 - - 72 Tennessee Total - - 7 - 7 Tennessee Truck - - 7 - 7 Origin State Total 1,896

407

Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lighting Lighting Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Solid-State Lighting on AddThis.com... Pause/Resume Photo of a large room with people standing around poster boards. Register Now for DOE's 11th Annual SSL R&D Workshop January 28-30, join other SSL R&D professionals from industry, government, and academia to learn, share, and shape the future of lighting.

408

California State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California California State Regulations: California State of California The California Department of Conservation's Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources oversees the drilling, operation, maintenance, and plugging and abandonment of oil, natural gas, and geothermal wells. The regulatory program emphasizes the development of oil, natural gas, and geothermal resources in the state through sound engineering practices that protect the environment, prevent pollution, and ensure public safety. Other agencies that may be involved in the regulation of drilling wastes include the State Water Resources Control Board and appropriate Regional Water Quality Control Boards, the California Integrated Waste Management Board, the California Air Resources Board and appropriate Air Quality Management Districts or Air Pollution Control Districts, and the Department of Toxic Substances Control.

409

FY 2011 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

State Tables State Tables Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request DOE/CF-0054 March 2010 Office of Chief Financial Officer State Tables Printed with soy ink on recycled paper The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, use of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. Department of Energy FY 2011 Congressional Budget Request DOE/CF-0054 State Index Page Number FY 2011 Congressional Budget 1/29/2010 Department Of Energy (Dollars In Thousands) 6:34:40AM Page 1 of 2 FY 2009 Appropriation

410

Kansas State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kansas Kansas State Regulations: Kansas State of Kansas The Kansas Corporation Commission (KCC) Conservation Division regulates oil and gas operations and protects correlative rights and environmental resources. Otherwise, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Kansas Corporation Commission (Main Office) 1500 S.W. Arrowhead Road Topeka, KS 66604-2425 (785) 271-3100 (phone) (785) 271-3354 (fax) Conservation Division Finney State Office Building 130 South Market, Room 2078 Wichita, KS 67202-3802 (316) 337-6200 (phone) (316) 337-6211 (fax) Kansas Department of Health and Environment Charles Curtis State Office Building 1000 S.W. Jackson Topeka, KS 66612 (785) 296-1500 (phone) (785) 368-6368 (fax)

411

State Nuclear Profiles 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

State Nuclear Profiles 2010 State Nuclear Profiles 2010 April 2012 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Nuclear Profiles 2010 i Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Renewables and Uranium Statistics Team, Office of Electricity,

412

United States of America  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

as a stand-alone, transmission-only company owns controls and operates more than 9,350 miles of transmission lines in the states of Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota and Michigan....

413

State and Local Incentives  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

To help you make energy efficiency improvements in your commercial building, your state and/or local community might offer incentives or have special programs. See the following resources for more...

414

United States Government  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

"- .-A*" (MQ) EfG (07-W) United States Government rrla.g-a Department of Energy memorandum DATE: tlEC 1 F: l??? REPLYTo EM-421 (W. A. W illiams , 903-8149) AJTN OF: SUBJECT:...

415

States - More Challenges | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

States - More Challenges States Data Apps Challenges Policies States You are here Data.gov Communities States Challenge.gov...

416

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Empowering Consumers and the ) Request for Information Empowering Consumers and the ) Request for Information Smart Grid: Data Access, Third Party ) Use and Privacy ) COMMENTS BY THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATE UTILITY CONSUMER ADVOCATES NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATE UTILITY CONSUMER ADVOCATES 8380 Colesville Road, Suite 101 Silver Spring, MD 20910 Phone (301) 589-6313 Fax (301) 589-6380 July 12, 2010 i i TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ......................................................................................................................................2 Comments ........................................................................................................................................7 1. Who owns energy consumption data? .................................................................................7

417

dynamo_double_vortex.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Angelini, R. S. Granetz, S. M. Wolfe (MIT) Angelini, R. S. Granetz, S. M. Wolfe (MIT) Real-time Detection of Locked Modes This work was funded under US DoE Contract Number DE-FC02-99ER54512. * In some cases, the sawteeth in the ECE signal may be very small for the entire length of the shot. Every time step along that shot will fulfill the requirements of the normalized standard deviation test. To prevent that from occurring, it is necessary to implement a relative test in addition to an absolute one. * During an iteration of the procedure, the relative test compares the recently-calculated standard deviation to a deviation calculated 40 ms earlier. * If the standard deviation has dropped by 50% from that previous value then the second test has been fulfilled. The procedure retains this fulfilled status for 60 ms.

418

GREEN'S FUNCTIONS OF VORTEX OPERATORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface clustering the Green's function 5.1 actually spreadsb. Another graph for the same Green's function. c. Anothercomposite divergences. The Green's function 5.6, considered

Polchinski, Joseph

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) Western Interstate Nuclear Compact State Nuclear Policy (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Western Interstate Energy Board Legislation authorizes states' entrance into the Western Interstate Nuclear Compact, which aims to undertake the cooperation of participating states in

420

Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) Southern States Energy Compact (Multiple States) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Alabama Program Type Environmental Regulations Industry Recruitment/Support Provider Southern States Energy Board

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Separable State Decompositions for a Class of Mixed States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study certain quantum states for which the PPT criterion is both sufficient and necessary for separability. A class of $n\\times n$ bipartite mixed states is presented and the conditions of PPT for these states are derived. The separable pure state decompositions of these states are explicitly constructed when they are PPT.

Ting-Gui Zhang; Xiaofen Huang; Xianqing Li-Jost; Naihuan Jing; Shao-Ming Fei

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

422

Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission (Multiple States)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Roanoke River Basin Bi-State Commission was established as a bi-state commission composed of members from the Commonwealth of Virginia and the State of North Carolina. The purpose of the...

423

Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D Workshop Presentations and Materials to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: 2013 Solid-State Lighting Manufacturing R&D...

424

A Winter Mesocyclone over the Midwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagonostic analysis is made of a midwinter mesoscale vortex that developed over the Mississippi Valley and produced moderate to heavy snow with gale force winds (>18 m s?1), lightning, and thunder along a narrow track approximately 1500 km in ...

Boniface J. Mils; John E. Walsh

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Nebraska State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nebraska Nebraska State Regulations: Nebraska State of Nebraska The Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (NOGCC) seeks to prevent waste, protect correlative rights of all owners, and encourage and authorize secondary recovery, pressure maintenance, cycling, or recycling, in order that the greatest ultimate recovery of oil and gas may be obtained within the state while protecting the environment. Otherwise, the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (NDEQ) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission 922 Illinois Street, P.O. Box 399 Sidney, NE 69162 (308) 254-6919 (phone) (308) 254-6922 (fax) Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality 1200 "N" Street, Suite 400 P.O. Pox 98922 Lincoln, NE 68509

426

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 3rd Quarter 2010 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 3rd Quarter 2010 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 839 11 83 - 933 Alabama River 1,347 - - - 1,347 Alabama Truck 118 216 236 - 571 Alabama Total 2,304 227 320 - 2,850 Georgia Railroad 9 - - - 9 Georgia Truck 7 - 5 - 12 Georgia Total 16 - 5 - 21 Indiana Railroad - 126 - - 126 Tennessee Truck - - 1 - 1 Origin State Total 2,320 353 325 - 2,998 Railroad 848 137 83 - 1,068

427

Colorado State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Colorado Colorado State Regulations: Colorado State of Colorado The Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (COGCC), a division of the Department of Natural Resources (DNR), regulates oil and gas activities in Colorado. The COGCC has broad statutory authority with respect to impacts on any air, water, soil, or biological resources resulting from oil and gas operations. The COGCC implements the state ground water standards and classifications as they relate to oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) activities. The COGCC has jurisdiction for all Class II injection wells except those on Indian lands. The COGCC has jurisdiction for the management of all E&P wastes except at commercial disposal facilities. The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) administers the environmental protection laws related to air quality, waste discharge to surface water, and commercial disposal facilities.

428

Delaware State University | .EDUconnections  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Delaware State University Delaware State University Research Office of the Associate Provost for Research General Research Capability Center for Integrated Biological & Environmental Research Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research Delaware IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence Faculty Research DSU Leads the Way in Better Buildings DSU is one of the first university partners in the US to join the Department of Energy's Better Buildings inititative to reduce its carbon footprint by 25% by 2015. Secretary of Energy Chu participated in the DSU kick-off program to commemorate the school's efforts in July 2012. Read more about this showcase project. Search this site: Search Prestigious research projects underway by Delaware State University (DSU) serve to enhance DSU's land-grant mission and its contributions to the

429

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 4th Quarter 2010 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 4th Quarter 2010 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 944 16 77 - 1,037 Alabama River 781 - - - 781 Alabama Truck 77 224 220 - 521 Alabama Total 1,802 240 298 - 2,340 Florida Railroad - - 11 - 11 Georgia Railroad 52 - - - 52 Georgia Truck s - 5 - 5 Georgia Total 52 - 5 - 57 Indiana Railroad - 65 - - 65 Origin State Total 1,855 304 313 - 2,472 Railroad 996 81 89 - 1,165

430

Basin Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, basin to state, EIA data 4. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, basin to state, EIA data Basin Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Northern Appalachian Basin Delaware $26.24 - W W - Northern Appalachian Basin Florida - $35.10 $35.74 - 1.8 Northern Appalachian Basin Georgia - W - - - Northern Appalachian Basin Indiana $18.74 $14.70 $14.99 -10.6 1.9 Northern Appalachian Basin Kentucky - - W - - Northern Appalachian Basin Maryland $18.09 $17.86 $18.39 0.8 3.0 Northern Appalachian Basin Michigan $12.91 $14.70 $14.63 6.4 -0.5 Northern Appalachian Basin New Hampshire $40.00 $36.62 $35.70 -5.5 -2.5

431

Information Equation of State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landauer's principle is applied to information in the universe. Once stars began forming, the increasing proportion of matter at high stellar temperatures compensated for the expanding universe to provide a near constant information energy density. The information equation of state was close to the dark energy value, w = -1, for a wide range of redshifts, 10> z >0.8, over one half of cosmic time. A reasonable universe information bit content of only 10^87 bits is sufficient for information energy to account for all dark energy. A time varying equation of state with a direct link between dark energy and matter, and linked to star formation in particular, is clearly relevant to the cosmic coincidence problem.In answering the "Why now?" question we wonder "What next?" as we expect the information equation of state to tend towards w = 0 in the future.

Paul Gough

2007-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

432

United States Government  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.2/06 WED 17:02 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG .2/06 WED 17:02 FAX 423 241 3897 OIG -** HQ . 001 United States Government Department of Energy Department of Energy memorandum DATE: February 9, 2006 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-07 REPLY TO ATTN OF; IG-32 (A050R014) SUBJECT: Audit of "The Department's Management of United States Enrichment Corporation Site Services" TO: Manager, Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office INTRODUCTTON AND OBJECTIVE The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (Paducah), located in western Kentucky, was constructed by the Department of Energy (Department) in the early 1950s to enrich uranium for use in various military and commercial applications. The Department operated the plant until the Energy Policy Act of 1992 created the United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) as a Government-owned

433

Basin Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, basin to state, EIA data 3. Estimated rail transportation rates for coal, basin to state, EIA data Basin Destination State 2008 2009 2010 2008-2010 2009-2010 Northern Appalachian Basin Delaware $28.49 - W W - Northern Appalachian Basin Florida - $38.51 $39.67 - 3.0 Northern Appalachian Basin Georgia - W - - - Northern Appalachian Basin Indiana $20.35 $16.14 $16.64 -9.6 3.1 Northern Appalachian Basin Kentucky - - W - - Northern Appalachian Basin Maryland $19.64 $19.60 $20.41 1.9 4.2 Northern Appalachian Basin Michigan $14.02 $16.13 $16.23 7.6 0.6 Northern Appalachian Basin New Hampshire $43.43 $40.18 $39.62 -4.5 -1.4

434

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2010 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 1st Quarter 2010 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 907 10 59 - 975 Alabama River 903 - - - 903 Alabama Truck 150 144 253 - 546 Alabama Total 1,960 153 311 - 2,424 Florida Truck - - 3 - 3 Georgia Railroad 105 - 1 - 106 Georgia Truck s - 4 - 4 Georgia Total 105 - 5 - 110 Indiana Railroad - 106 - - 106 Tennessee Railroad - - 1 - 1 Origin State Total 2,065 259 321 - 2,644

435

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 3rd Quarter 2011 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 3rd Quarter 2011 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,942 160 335 - 2,437 Alabama Railroad 1,149 - 57 - 1,206 Alabama River 741 - - - 741 Alabama Truck 52 160 278 - 490 Georgia Total s - 3 - 3 Georgia Truck s - 3 - 3 Ohio Total - 3 - - 3 Ohio River - 3 - - 3 Origin State Total 1,942 163 338 - 2,443 Railroad 1,149 - 57 - 1,206 River 741 3 - - 745 Truck 52 160

436

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2011 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 1st Quarter 2011 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 1,040 18 80 - 1,138 Alabama River 668 - - - 668 Alabama Truck 52 164 223 - 438 Alabama Total 1,760 181 303 - 2,244 Georgia Truck s - 2 - 2 Indiana Railroad - 148 - - 148 Ohio Railroad - 25 - - 25 Ohio River - 18 - - 18 Ohio Total - 43 - - 43 Origin State Total 1,760 373 305 - 2,438 Railroad 1,040 191 80 - 1,311 River

437

Quantum state discrimination with bosonic channels and Gaussian states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Discriminating between quantum states is an indispensable part of quantum information theory. This thesis investigates state discrimination of continuous quantum variables, focusing on bosonic communication channels and ...

Tan, Si Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 2nd Quarter 2010 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 2nd Quarter 2010 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 914 12 66 - 992 Alabama River 949 - - - 949 Alabama Truck 78 189 237 - 504 Alabama Total 1,941 201 303 - 2,445 Colorado Railroad 575 - - - 575 Illinois River 99 - - - 99 Indiana River 241 - - - 241 Kentucky Railroad 827 - 12 - 839 Kentucky (East) Railroad 76 - - - 76 Kentucky (West) Railroad

439

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 3rd Quarter 2010 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 3rd Quarter 2010 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 839 11 83 - 933 Alabama River 1,347 - - - 1,347 Alabama Truck 118 216 236 - 571 Alabama Total 2,304 227 320 - 2,850 Colorado Railroad 514 - - - 514 Illinois River 99 - - - 99 Indiana River 172 - - - 172 Kentucky Railroad 635 - 11 - 647 Kentucky (East) Railroad 45 - - - 45 Kentucky (West)

440

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 4th Quarter 2010 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 4th Quarter 2010 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 944 16 77 - 1,037 Alabama River 781 - - - 781 Alabama Truck 77 224 220 - 521 Alabama Total 1,802 240 298 - 2,340 Colorado Railroad 385 - - - 385 Illinois River 15 - - - 15 Indiana Railroad 1 - - - 1 Indiana River 350 - - - 350 Indiana Total 351 - - - 351 Kentucky Railroad 682 - 2 - 685 Kentucky (East)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Indiana State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indiana Indiana State Regulations: Indiana State of Indiana The Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Division of Oil and Gas regulates petroleum exploration, production, and site abandonment activities, underground injection control, test hole drilling, and geophysical surveying operations. Otherwise, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management (IDEM) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Division of Oil and Gas (Indianapolis Central Office) 402 West Washington Street, Room 293 Indianapolis, IN 46204 (317) 232-4055 (phone) (317) 232-1550 (fax) (Division Contacts) Indiana Department of Environmental Management P.O. Box 6015 Indianapolis, IN 46206-6015 (317) 232-8603 (phone) (317) 233-6647 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations

442

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2010 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 1st Quarter 2010 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 907 10 59 - 975 Alabama River 903 - - - 903 Alabama Truck 150 144 253 - 546 Alabama Total 1,960 153 311 - 2,424 Colorado Railroad 640 - - - 640 Illinois River 123 - - - 123 Indiana River 312 - - - 312 Kentucky Railroad 622 - 36 - 658 Kentucky (East) Railroad 96 - 36 - 132 Kentucky (West)

443

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 2nd Quarter 2011 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 2nd Quarter 2011 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,896 182 327 - 2,405 Alabama Railroad 1,192 2 74 - 1,268 Alabama River 655 - - - 655 Alabama Truck 50 180 253 - 482 Colorado Total 468 - - - 468 Colorado Railroad 468 - - - 468 Illinois Total 90 - 26 - 116 Illinois River 90 - 26 - 116 Indiana Total 181 - - - 181 Indiana River 181 -

444

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2012 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 1st Quarter 2012 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,407 184 231 - 1,822 Alabama Railroad 801 9 49 - 859 Alabama River 519 - - - 519 Alabama Truck 87 175 182 - 444 Colorado Total 82 - - - 82 Colorado Railroad 82 - - - 82 Illinois Total 149 - 14 - 163 Illinois Railroad 44 - - - 44 Illinois River 105 - 14 - 119 Indiana Total 99 - - - 99

445

Texas State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Texas Texas State Regulations: Texas State of Texas The Railroad Commission of Texas (RCC), through the Oil and Gas Division, administers oil and gas exploration, development, and production operations, except for oil and gas leasing, royalty payments, surface damages through oil and gas operations, and operator-landowner contracts. The RCC and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ), formerly, the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC), have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding clarifying jurisdiction over oil field wastes generated in connection with oil and gas exploration, development, and production. The RCC Oil and Gas Division operates nine district offices, each staffed with field enforcement and support personnel.

446

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2011 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 1st Quarter 2011 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 1,040 18 80 - 1,138 Alabama River 668 - - - 668 Alabama Truck 52 164 223 - 438 Alabama Total 1,760 181 303 - 2,244 Colorado Railroad 600 - - - 600 Illinois River 203 - 13 - 217 Indiana River 180 - - - 180 Kentucky Railroad 465 - 10 - 475 Kentucky (West) Railroad 465 - 10 - 475 Utah Railroad 18 - - -

447

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 4th Quarter 2011 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 4th Quarter 2011 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,486 155 328 - 1,970 Alabama Railroad 1,020 - 75 - 1,095 Alabama River 417 - - - 417 Alabama Truck 49 155 253 - 458 Colorado Total 195 - - - 195 Colorado Railroad 195 - - - 195 Illinois Total 127 - 18 - 145 Illinois Railroad 20 - - - 20 Illinois River 107 - 18 - 125 Indiana Total

448

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 1st Quarter 2012 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 1st Quarter 2012 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,407 184 231 - 1,822 Alabama Railroad 801 9 49 - 859 Alabama River 519 - - - 519 Alabama Truck 87 175 182 - 444 Georgia Total s - s - s Georgia Truck s - s - s Indiana Total - 98 - - 98 Indiana Railroad - 98 - - 98 Kentucky Total - - 12 - 12 Kentucky Truck - - 12 - 12 Ohio Total - 30 - - 30 Ohio

449

By Coal Destination State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 3rd Quarter 2011 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 3rd Quarter 2011 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 1,942 160 335 - 2,437 Alabama Railroad 1,149 - 57 - 1,206 Alabama River 741 - - - 741 Alabama Truck 52 160 278 - 490 Colorado Total 621 2 - - 623 Colorado Railroad 621 2 - - 623 Illinois Total 113 - 11 - 123 Illinois River 113 - 11 - 123 Indiana Total 265 - - - 265 Indiana Railroad

450

Entangled states of light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

These notes are more or less a faithful representation of my talk at the Workshop on ``Quantum Coding and Quantum Computing'' held at the University of Virginia. As such it is an introduction for non-physicists to the topics of the quantum theory of light and entangled states of light. In particular, I discuss the photon concept and what is really entangled in an entangled state of light (it is not the photons). Moreover, I discuss an example that highlights the peculiar behavior of entanglement in an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space.

S. J. van Enk

2004-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

451

United States lubricant demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines United States Lubricant Demand for Automotive and Industrial Lubricants by year from 1978 to 1992 and 1997. Projected total United States Lubricant Demand for 1988 is 2,725 million (or MM) gallons. Automotive oils are expected to account for 1,469MM gallons or (53.9%), greases 59MM gallons (or 2.2%), and Industrial oils will account for the remaining 1,197MM gallons (or 43.9%) in 1988. This proportional relationship between Automotive and Industrial is projected to remain relatively constant until 1992 and out to 1997. Projections for individual years between 1978 to 1992 and 1997 are summarized.

Solomon, L.K.; Pruitt, P.R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

By Coal Origin State  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Quarterly Coal Distribution Report 2nd Quarter 2010 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 2nd Quarter 2010 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Railroad 914 12 66 - 992 Alabama River 949 - - - 949 Alabama Truck 78 189 237 - 504 Alabama Total 1,941 201 303 - 2,445 Georgia Railroad 23 - - - 23 Georgia Truck s - - - s Georgia Total 23 - - - 23 Indiana Railroad - 115 - - 115 Indiana Truck - 71 - - 71 Indiana Total - 186 - - 186 Tennessee Railroad - - 1 - 1 Tennessee Truck

453

State estimation on correlated copies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State estimation is usually analyzed in the situation when copies are in a product state, either mixed or pure. We investigate here the concept of state estimation on correlated copies. We analyze state estimation on correlated N qubit states, which are permutationally invariant. Using a correlated state we try to estimate as good as possible the direction of the Bloch vector of a single particle reduced density matrix. We derive the optimal fidelity for all permutation invariant states. We find the optimal state, which yields the highest estimation fidelity among the states with the same reduced density matrix. Interestingly this state is not a product state. We also point out that states produced by optimal universal cloning machines are the worst form the point of view of estimating the reduced density matrix.

Rafal Demkowicz-Dobrzanski

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

Solid-State Lighting: Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Events to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Events on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State...

455

Graceful network state migrations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A significant fraction of network events (such as topology or route changes) and the resulting performance degradation stem from premeditated network management and operational tasks. This paper introduces a general class of Graceful Network State Migration ... Keywords: communication system operations and management, computer network management, network maintenance, network upgrade

Saqib Raza; Yuanbo Zhu; Chen-Nee Chuah

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Constrainted Coherent States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coherent states possess a regularized path integral and gives a natural relation between classical variables and quantum operators. Recent work by Klauder and Whiting has included extended variables, that can be thought of as gauge fields, into this formalism. In this paper, I consider the next step, and look at the roll of first class constraints.

M. C. Ashworth

1996-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

457

Topic: Current State of Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... central role in promoting economic development and industrialization; This is a new era of industrial development for the SGA states; State policy in ...

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

458

Sample State and Local Ballots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sample State and Local Ballots. ... We thank the election officials who have contributed to this effort. State, County/Municipality, Ballot, Election, Date, ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

459

NIST SBIR Proposals by State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST SBIR Phase I Proposals Received by State for FY1994 - FY 2013. STATE, FY94, FY95, FY96, FY97, FY98, FY99, FY00, ...

2013-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

460

SEDS: State Energy Production Estimates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity. ... Production. by state and for the United States; by energy source;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

EERE: States and Local Communities  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

coalitions in the states dedicated to reducing petroleum use in transportation. Geothermal Technologies Office funds geothermal projects in the states. Green Power Network...

462

North Dakota State Energy Profile  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Although North Dakota’s total energy consumption is among the lowest in the Nation due to its small population, the State’s consumption per capita ... ...

463

EIA - State Energy Data System  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Unhandled exception thrown from /emeu/states/hf.jsp:90 jrun.jsp.runtime.UncaughtPageException: Unhandled exception thrown from /emeu/states/hf.jsp:90 ...

464

Lee-Vortex Formation in Free-Slip Stratified Flow over Ridges. Part I: Comparison of Weakly Nonlinear Inviscid Theory and Fully Nonlinear Viscous Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The formation of lee wakes and vortices is explored in the context of stratified flow with uniform basic-state wind and stability past elongated free-slip ridges.

C. C. Epifanio; D. R. Durran

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Cancellation of vorticity in steady-state non-isentropic flows of complex fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In steady-state non-isentropic flows of perfect fluids there is always thermodynamic generation of vorticity when the difference between the product of the temperature with the gradient of the entropy and the gradient of total enthalpy is different from zero. We note that this property does not hold in general for complex fluids for which the prominent influence of the material substructure on the gross motion may cancel the thermodynamic vorticity. We indicate the explicit condition for this cancellation (topological transition from vortex sheet to shear flow) for general complex fluids described by coarse-grained order parameters and extended forms of Ginzburg-Landau energies. As a prominent sample case we treat first Korteweg's fluid, used commonly as a model of capillary motion or phase transitions characterized by diffused interfaces. Then we discuss general complex fluids. We show also that, when the entropy and the total enthalpy are constant throughout the flow, vorticity may be generated by the inhomogeneous character of the distribution of material substructures, and indicate the explicit condition for such a generation. We discuss also some aspects of unsteady motion and show that in two-dimensional flows of incompressible perfect complex fluids the vorticity is in general not conserved, due to a mechanism of transfer of energy between different levels.

Paolo Maria Mariano

2003-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

466

NREL: State and Local Activities - State of the States 2010 - The Role of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State of the States 2010 - The Role of Policy in Clean Energy Market State of the States 2010 - The Role of Policy in Clean Energy Market Transformation NREL's State of the States 2010 analysis provides further understanding about how policy interacts with the development of the clean energy market. It quantifies the connection between a broad array of energy efficiency and renewable energy policies and actual energy savings and increases in renewable resource development. NREL produced the State of the States 2010 analysis under its Clean Energy Policy Analyses project. Key Findings The State of the States 2010 analysis draws broad conclusions about how to establish state policies that positively impact the development of clean energy markets. Policy alone does not explain variability in state clean energy growth. When other variables-population, electricity price, and number of

467

State Energy Alternatives: Alternative Energy Resources by State  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Users can also find out from this map interface the contacts for Clean Cities in a state, information about renewable energy projects and activities in each state, fuel prices across a state, and biomass potential resources and current production in each state.

468

Michigan State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Michigan Michigan State Regulations: Michigan State of Michigan The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), through the Supervisor of Wells, Geological and Land Management Division (GLM), oversees the regulation of oil and gas activities. DEQ staff monitors the environmental impacts of well drilling operations, oil and gas production facilities, and gas storage wells. Contact Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Geological and Land Management Division P.O. Box 30256 Lansing, MI 48909-7756 (517) 241-1515 (phone) (517) 241-1601 (fax) (Organization Chart) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations The rules governing oil and gas operations are contained in Part 615, Rules 324.101-324.1301 (Department of Environmental Quality, Oil and Gas Operations) of the Michigan Administrative Code.

469

Selected State Legislation and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 156 Appendix A: Handling of Federal and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Legislation Brief Description AEO Handling Basis Residential Sector A. National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 Requires Secretary of Energy to set minimum efficiency standards for 10 appliance categories. Included for categories represented in the AEO residential sector forecast. a. Room Air Conditioners Current standard of 9.8 EER Federal Register Notice of Final Rulemaking. b. Other Air Conditioners (<5.4 tons) Current standard 10 SEET for central air conditioners and heat

470

United States Government  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

uv /uu/u* ±.u.. J.OJ..L rAA , *. . uv /uu/u* ±.u.. J.OJ..L rAA , *. . 'A4 .. ± OO, I U444 flmI I.j102 ' -f- $I)002 EP<.1 (o-.vu) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: January 30, 2004 REP.YTO: IG-35 (A03DN039) Audit Report No.: OAS-L-04-10 SUBJECT: Audit of the Safeguards and Security Program at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site To: Frazer Lockhart, Manager, Rocky Flats Field Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE Because of the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, the Department of Energy (Department) instituted additional security requirements beyond those already in place for normal security operations. These "Security Conditions" requirements were established by Department Notice 473.8 (Notice). The requirements are based on

471

North Dakota State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North Dakota North Dakota State Regulations: North Dakota State of North Dakota The North Dakota Industrial Commission (NDIC), through its Oil and Gas Division (OGD), is the regulatory agency for oil and gas exploration and production activities in North Dakota. The North Dakota Department of Health (NDDH) Environmental Health Section (EHS) has the responsibility to safeguard the quality of North Dakota's air, land, and water resources. Contact North Dakota Industrial Commission Oil and Gas Division 600 East Boulevard Avenue, Dept. 405 Bismarck, ND 58505-0840 (701) 328-8020 (phone) (701) 328-8022 (fax) North Dakota Department of Health Environmental Health Section 1200 Missouri Avenue P.O. Box 5520 Bismarck, ND 58506-5520 (701) 328-5150 (phone) (701) 328-5200 (fax) Disposal Practices and Applicable Regulations

472

Nevada State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nevada Nevada State Regulations: Nevada State of Nevada The Nevada Division of Minerals (Nevada Commission of Mineral Resources) administers programs and activities to further the responsible development and production of Nevada's mineral resources, including the regulation of oil- and gas-well drilling operations. Otherwise, the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (Nevada Department of Conservation and Mineral Resources) administers the major environmental protection laws. Contact Nevada Division of Minerals (Carson City Office) 400 West King Street, Suite 106 Carson City, NV 89703 (775) 684-7040 (phone) (775) 684-7052 (fax) (Las Vegas Office) 2030 East Flamingo Road, Suite 220 Las Vegas, NV 89119 (702) 486-4343 (phone) (702) 486-4345 (fax) Nevada Division of Environmental Protection

473

Selected State Legislation and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook U. S. Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 173 Appendix A: Handling of Federal and Selected State Legislation and Regulation in the Annual Energy Outlook Legislation Brief Description AEO Handling Ba sis Residential Sector A. National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987 Requires Secretary of Energy to set minimum efficiency standards for 10 appliance categories. Included for categories represented in the AEO residential sector forecast. a. Room Air Conditioners Current standard of 9.8 EER Federal Register Notice of Final Rulemaking. b. Other Air Conditioners (<5.4 tons) Current standard 10 SEET for central air conditioners and heat

474

FY 2012 State Table  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request State Tables P li i Preliminary February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer DOE/CF-0066 Department of Energy FY 2012 Congressional Budget Request State Tables P li i Preliminary The numbers depicted in this document represent the gross level of DOE budget authority for the years displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They displayed. The figures include both the discretionary and mandatory funding in the budget. They do not consider revenues/receipts, use of prior year balances, deferrals, rescissions, or other adjustments appropriated as offsets to the DOE appropriations by the Congress. February 2012 Office of Chief Financial Officer Printed with soy ink on recycled

475

l UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT lb 15 SUBJECT: THORFJM PROCURENENT PMF'N:TBU Jesse C. Johnson, Gtnager of IRaw Materials Operations3s.Office 3 R. W. Cook, Director of Production ~',LL:::+ I--- DATE: MAR ! 9 1951 The following list of suppliers of thorium and the amounts of materials procured from them by the Mew York Operations Office during calendar year 1950 is being supplied in accordance with Mr. Spelmanls telephone request of March 19. Thorium Lannett Bleachery iinde Air Products Co. Lindsey Light & Chemical Co. lliscellaneous NY0 Liscensing Division Rare Earths, Inc. Wolff-Alport Total - (kilograms) 179 38,2;2 -3 4,210 /vyeoi 4 -q- 2 : i ' \ iti 1 i 0 ;;\I:' --' I F 10 i;;;?/ \ --' L & ;:I :,- :,j( EZi 5 1 :' -I I ri _ I ' R i; .- . )- .i

476

Oklahoma State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oklahoma Oklahoma State Regulations: Oklahoma State of Oklahoma The Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC), through the Oil and Gas Division, assists the domestic oil and gas industry, protects and preserves the environment, and conserves the natural resources. General environmental protection regulations are administered by the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). Contact Oklahoma Corporation Commission Oil and Gas Division P.O. Box 52000 Oklahoma City, OK 73152-2000 (mailing address) (405) 521-2302 (phone) 2101 North Lincoln Blvd. Oklahoma City, OK 73105 (street address) Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality P.O. Box 1677 Oklahoma City, OK 73101-1677 (mailing address) 707 North Robinson Oklahoma City, OK 73102 (street address) (405) 702-1000 (phone)

477

STATE: OH PROJECf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

City of Cleveland City of Cleveland STATE: OH PROJECf Cleveland City ARRA-EECBG (S) Act 2 (Cleveland Energy$aver Program) TITLE: Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number cm Number DE-FOA-0000148/81.128 DE-EEOOO0705 gfo-OOO0705-002 Based on my review of the Information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the foDowing determmation: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A11 Technical advice and planning assistance to intemational, national, state, and local organizations. A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

478

United States Government  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OEF 1325.8 OEF 1325.8 (U8-93) United States Government Department of Energy memorandum DATE: April 11, 2007 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-07-I1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A07DN056) SUSJECT: Audit of the Department of Energy's Community and Regulatory Support Funding at the Richland Operations Office TO: Manager, Richland Operations Office INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Department of Energy's (Department) Office of Environmental Management provided $60.1 million in Community and Regulatory Support funding in Fiscal Year (FY) 2005 to a number of Departm- nt sites. The funding is intended to be used for activities indirectly related to nuclear and hazardous waste cleanup, such as agreements with state regulatory agencies and transportation departments. During FY 2005, the Department's Richland

479

State\neva  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GOVERNOR GOVERNOR NEVADA AGENCY FOR NUCLEAR PROJECTS Capitol Complex Carson City, Nevada 89710 Telephone: (702) 687-3744 ! ! Fax: (702) 687-5277 January 30, 1998 U.S. Department of Energy Office of General Counsel, GC-52 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, DC 20585 Attention: Mr. Ben McRae or Ms. Jeanette Helfrich Attached are comments from the State of Nevada on the December 31, 1997 Federal Register "Notice of Inquiry Concerning Preparation of a Report to Congress on the Price-Anderson Act." As noted in the State's comments, we are concerned that the specified comment period of 30 days may have been too shot to allow adequate coverage of the questions and associated issues contained in the Notice. Nevada recommends that DOE consider extending the comment period or

480

New Mexico State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Mexico New Mexico State Regulations: New Mexico State of New Mexico The Oil Conservation Division (OCD) in the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department regulates oil and gas and geothermal operations in New Mexico. The OCD has the responsibility to gather oil and gas production data, permit new wells, establish pool rules and oil and gas allowables, issue discharge permits, enforce rules and regulations of the division, monitor underground injection wells and ensure that abandoned wells are properly plugged and the land is responsibly restored. Otherwise, the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) administers the major environmental protection laws. The Water Quality Control Commission (WQCC), which is administratively attached to the NMED, assigns responsibility for administering its regulations to constituent agencies, including the OCD.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "antiferromagnetic vortex states" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

United States Government Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OE r 1325.0 OE r 1325.0 (01.93) United States Government Department of memorandum DATE: March 23, 2006 Audit Report Number: OAS-L-06-09 REPLY TO ATTN OF: IG-32 (A060R040) SUBJECT: Audit of"The Department of Energy's Management of the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve" TO, Deputy Assistant Secrctary for Petroleum Reserves INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Energy Act of 2000 authorized the Secretary of Energy to create a Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (Reserve). The Reserve was established as an "emergency buffer" to supplement commercial supplies should a severe supply disruption occur in the heavily heating oil-dependent northeast United States. The Reserve consists of 2 million barrels of emergency home heating oil, enough to provide Northeast consumers adequate supplies for approximately

482

United States Government  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States Government United States Government Department of Energy Memorandum DATE: July 29, 2005 REPLY TO ATTN TO: IG-34 (A05HQ002) Audit Report No. OAS-L-05-10 SUBJECT: Agreed-Upon Procedures for Federal Payroll TO: Director, Office of Management, Budget, and Evaluation/Chief Financial Officer, ME-1 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Bulletin No. 01-02, "Audit Requirements for Federal Financial Statement," dated October 16, 2000, requires an annual audit of civilian payroll of executive departments and other Government agencies. Auditors are required to follow the agreed-upon procedures in Appendix I-1 of OMB Bulletin No. 01-02, to assess the reasonableness of life insurance, health benefits, and retirement withholdings and contributions.

483

Virginia State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Virginia Virginia State Regulations: Virginia State of Virginia The Division of Gas and Oil in the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) regulates the effects of gas and oil operations both on and below the surface. The Virginia Gas and Oil Board is to foster, encourage, and promote the safe and efficient exploration for and development, production, and utilization of gas and oil resources. Otherwise, three regulatory citizen boards are responsible for adopting Virginia 's environmental regulations. The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) staff administers the regulations as approved by the boards. Finally, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 3, through its Water Protection Division, administers Class II underground injection control (UIC) programs in Virginia in direct implementation.

484

Kentucky State Regulations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kentucky Kentucky State Regulations: Kentucky State of Kentucky The Division of Oil and Gas (DOG) in the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) fosters conservation of all mineral resources, encourages exploration of such resources, protects the correlative rights of land and mineral owners, prohibits waste and unnecessary surface loss and damage, and encourages the maximum recovery of oil and gas from all deposits. The Energy and Environment Cabinet brings together various Kentucky agencies. It is tasked with protecting and enhancing Kentucky's natural resources. The Department for Environmental Protection (DEP) administers the major environmental protection laws. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4 administers Class II underground injection control (UIC) programs in Kentucky in direct implementation.

485

journal Solid State Ionics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structural and transport properties of Nafion in hydrobromic Structural and transport properties of Nafion in hydrobromic acid solutions journal Solid State Ionics year month abstract p Proton exchange membranes are key solid state ion carriers in many relevant energy technologies including flow batteries fuel cells and solar fuel generators In many of these systems the membranes are in contact with electrolyte solutions In this paper we focus on the impact of different HBr a flow battery and exemplary acid electrolyte external concentrations on the conductivity of Nafion a perfluorosulfonic acid membrane that is commonly used in many energy related applications The peak and then decrease in conductivity is correlated with measured changes in the water and HBr content within the membrane In addition small angle x ray scattering is used to probe the nanostructure to

486

By Coal Origin State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Coal Distribution Report 2010 Annual Coal Distribution Report 2010 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Distribution Report 2010 Alabama ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table OS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by origin State, 2010 Origin: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Destination State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 7,906 821 1,242 - 9,969 Alabama Railroad 3,604 49 285 - 3,938 Alabama River 3,979 - - - 3,979 Alabama Truck 322 773 957 - 2,051 Florida Total - - 15 - 15 Florida Railroad - - 11 - 11 Florida Truck - - 3 - 3 Georgia Total 196 - 15 - 211 Georgia Railroad 189 - 1 - 190 Georgia Truck

487

Bound States in Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a quantum analysis of the massless excitations in graphene with a charge impurity. When the effective charge exceeds a certain critical value, the spectrum is quantized and is unbounded from below. The corresponding eigenstates are square-integrable at infinity and have a rapidly oscillatory behaviour in the short distance, which can be interpreted as a fall to the centre. Using a cutoff regularization, we show that the effective Coulomb interaction strength is driven to its critical value under the renormalization group flow. In the subcritical region, we find bound states with imaginary values of the energy for certain range of the system parameters. The physical significance of these bound states with imaginary eigenvalues is discussed.

Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

488

United States Environmental Monitoring  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

EPA 60014-91/030 EPA 60014-91/030 Environmental Protection Systems Laboratory DOE/DP00539-063 Agency P.O. Box 93478 Las Vegas NV 891 93-3478 Research and Development Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report: 1 - 3 5 Radiation Monitorina Around * / (- P 7 1 United States ~ u c l g a r Test Areas Calendar Year 1990 This page intentionally left blank EPN60014-90 DOWDP Offsite Environmental Monitoring Report: Radiation Monitoring Around United States Nuclear Test Areas, Calendar Year 1990 Contributors: D.J. Chaloud, B.B. Dicey, D.G. Easterly, C.A. Fontana, R.W. Holloway, A.A. Mullen, V.E. Niemann, W.G. Phillips, D.D. Smith, N.R. Sunderland, D.J. Thome, and Nuclear Radiation Assessment Division Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy under Interagency Agreement Number DE-A108-86-NV10522

489

By Coal Destination State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Coal Distribution Report 2010 Annual Coal Distribution Report 2010 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Distribution Report 2010 Alabama _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Table DS-1. Domestic coal distribution, by destination State, 2010 Destination: Alabama (thousand short tons) Coal Origin State Transportation Mode Electric Power Sector Coke Plants Industrial Plants (excluding Coke) Commercial & Institutional Total Alabama Total 7,906 821 1,242 - 9,969 Alabama Railroad 3,604 49 285 - 3,938 Alabama River 3,979 - - - 3,979 Alabama Truck 322 773 957 - 2,051 Colorado Total 2,113 - - - 2,113 Colorado Railroad 2,113 - - - 2,113 Illinois Total 336 - - - 336 Illinois River 336 - - - 336 Indiana Total 1,076

490

Models of multiquark states  

SciTech Connect

The success of simple constituent quark models in single-hardon physics and their failure in multiquark physics is discussed, emphasizing the relation between meson and baryon spectra, hidden color and the color matrix, breakup decay modes, coupled channels, and hadron-hadron interactions via flipping and tunneling of flux tubes. Model-independent predictions for possible multiquark bound states are considered and the most promising candidates suggested. A quark approach to baryon-baryon interactions is discussed.

Lipkin, H.J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Current State Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report addresses the current state of design and management for protective relaying and substation control system products and installations in North America. Recently deployed protective relay design generations have been developed essentially as functional replacements for older electromechanical relays and have not necessarily taken advantage of their full potential. As utilities begin to deal with large deployments of these smart devices in a new regulatory and economic environment, they are stru...

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

492

RECORDS DISPOSITION AUTHORIZATION STATE AGENCIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECORDS DISPOSITION AUTHORIZATION ­ STATE AGENCIES Form RC-108 (Revised 07/2011) STATE, CT 06106 www.cslib.org/publicrecords AUTHORITY: State agencies in the Executive branch and certain or Transfer Agreement), and retain pursuant to S1-390. STATE AGENCY: DIVISION / UNIT: ADDRESS (for return

Oliver, Douglas L.