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1

After the First Decade of Metagenomics--Adolescent Growth Spurt Anticipated  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

24, 2008 24, 2008 After the First Decade of Metagenomics-- Adolescent Growth Spurt Anticipated WALNUT CREEK, CA-Mostly hidden from the scrutiny of the naked eye, microbes have been said to run the world. The challenge is how best to characterize them given that less than one percent of the estimated hundreds of millions of microbial species can be cultured in the laboratory. The answer is metagenomics-an increasingly popular approach for extracting the genomes of uncultured microorganisms and discerning their specific metabolic capabilities directly from environmental samples. Now, some ten years after the term was coined, metagenomics is going mainstream and already paying provocative dividends according to a "Q&A," News and Views by the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome

2

New Report Charts Dynamic, Steady Growth of the U.S. Solar Jobs...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Charts Dynamic, Steady Growth of the U.S. Solar Jobs Market New Report Charts Dynamic, Steady Growth of the U.S. Solar Jobs Market November 16, 2012 - 2:00pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce...

3

Journal of Crystal Growth 226 (2001) 430435 Steady state detached solidification of water at zero gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Crystal Growth 226 (2001) 430­435 Steady state detached solidification of water at zero April 2001 Communicated by R.S. Feigelson Abstract Steady-state detached solidification of water in microgravity, detached solidification of water is predicted to occur in a sealed ampoule at zero gravity under

Regel, Liya L.

4

Oscillatory Increases in Alkalinity Anticipate Growth and May Regulate Actin Dynamics in Pollen Tubes of Lily  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...minimum) precedes the growth process, whereas a pH decrease...two cellular features are interrelated and that this is a region...may enhance a variety of processes that contribute to a slowing...focused on the acidification process and suggest, as a follower...

Alenka Lovy-Wheeler; Joseph G. Kunkel; Ellen G. Allwood; Patrick J. Hussey; Peter K. Hepler

2006-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

5

From a Failed-Growth Economy to a Steady-State Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production benefits, thereby becoming uneconomic growth, making us poorer, not richer? After all, real GDP is to sustain a constant, sufficient stock of real wealth and people for a long time. A downward spiral of these candles is not visible in the false dawn projected by economists whose campaigning optimism never gives

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

6

More on Capital Expenditure Anticipations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We turn now to analysis of investment realizations functions, beginning with the one-year ahead, or short run capital expenditure anticipations,based upon McGraw-Hill data over...a fortiori..., for all firms of a...

R. Eisner

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) Download presentation slides from...

8

Anticipating the next century of wastewater treatment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Anticipating the next century of wastewater treatment 10.1126/science...sewage. The settling and recycling of sludge inside treatment...and the contribution to the recycling of resources (2, 3). The...impact of human activities. Wastewater treatment is in itself a relatively...

Mark C. M. van Loosdrecht; Damir Brdjanovic

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

9

ANTICIPATED POSITION LSU ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF MARKETING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANTICIPATED POSITION LSU ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF MARKETING The LSU E. J. Ourso College of Business invites applications for a tenure track, Assistant Professor position in the Department of Marketing Department of Marketing, please visit our webpage: business.lsu.edu/marketing Qualifications: Required

Stephens, Jacqueline

10

Black brane steady states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We follow the evolution of an asymptotically AdS black brane with a fixed temperature gradient at spatial infinity until a steady state is formed. The resulting energy density and energy flux of the steady state in the boundary theory are compared to a conjecture on the behavior of steady states in conformal field theories. Very good agreement is found.

Amado, Irene

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Webinar: Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated FCEVs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department will present a live webinar titled "Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles" on Tuesday, June 24, from 12:00 p.m. to 1:00 p.m. Eastern...

12

BWR Anticipated Transients Without Scram Leading to Instability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) in aboiling water reactor (BWR) were simulated in order to understand reactor response and determine the effectiveness of automatic and operator actions to mitigate this beyond-design-basis accident. The events of interest herein are initiated by a turbine trip when the reactor is operating in the expanded operating domainMELLLA+ [maximum extended load line limit plus]. In these events the reactor may initially be at up to 120% of the original licensed thermal power (OLTP) and at flow rates as low as 80% of rated.For these (and similar) ATWS events the concern isthat when the reactor power decreases in response to a dual recirculation pump trip, the core will become unstable and large amplitude oscillations will begin. The occurrence of these power oscillations, if left unmitigated, may result in fuel damage, and the amplitude of the poweroscillations may hamper the effectiveness of the injection of dissolved neutron absorber through the standby liquid control system (SLCS).

Cheng L. Y.; Baek J.; Cuadra, A.; Aronson, A.; Diamond, D.; Yarsky, P.

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

13

A Bayesian Belief Network of Threat Anticipation and Terrorist Motivations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent events highlight the need for efficient tools for anticipating the threat posed by terrorists, whether individual or groups. Antiterrorism includes fostering awareness of potential threats, deterring aggressors, developing security measures, planning for future events, halting an event in process, and ultimately mitigating and managing the consequences of an event. To analyze such components, one must understand various aspects of threat elements like physical assets and their economic and social impacts. To this aim, we developed a three-layer Bayesian belief network (BBN) model that takes into consideration the relative threat of an attack against a particular asset (physical layer) as well as the individual psychology and motivations that would induce a person to either act alone or join a terrorist group and commit terrorist acts (social and economic layers). After researching the many possible motivations to become a terrorist, the main factors are compiled and sorted into categories such as initial and personal indicators, exclusion factors, and predictive behaviors. Assessing such threats requires combining information from disparate data sources most of which involve uncertainties. BBN combines these data in a coherent, analytically defensible, and understandable manner. The developed BBN model takes into consideration the likelihood and consequence of a threat in order to draw inferences about the risk of a terrorist attack so that mitigation efforts can be optimally deployed. The model is constructed using a network engineering process that treats the probability distributions of all the BBN nodes within the broader context of the system development process.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Allgood, Glenn O [ORNL; Davenport, Kristen M [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

"Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9, 2012, 4:15pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium "Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection", Dr. Bryan Czech, resident, Center for the Advancement of the Steady State...

15

E-Print Network 3.0 - anticipated scientific investigations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: anticipated scientific investigations Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Peer Review Plan Date: 4202011 Summary: decisions on a variety of related topics. The...

16

Webinar: Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Recording and text version of the webinar titled "Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)," originally presented on June 24, 2014.

17

Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Download presentation slides from the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) held on June 24, 2014.

18

Anticipation visuo-motrice en tlopration ,PSOpPHQWDWLRQ GH PpFDQLVPHV GDQWLFLSDWLRQ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anticipation visuo-motrice en téléopération 1 ,PSOpPHQWDWLRQ GH PpFDQLVPHV G humain et d'une machine. Dans cette étude, le comportement d'anticipation visuo- motrice observé chez l, bionique, interfaçage homme-machine, coordinations visuo- motrices. Université d'Evry, Laboratoire des

19

Steady state compact toroidal plasma production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to the confinement of field reversed plasma rings and, more particularly, to the steady state maintainance of field reversed plasma rings produced by coaxial plasma guns.

Turner, W.C.

1983-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

20

M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) Steady Conduction Heat Transfer 1 Steady Heat Conduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance of the wall. The heat transfer across the fluid/solid interface is based on Newton's law M. Bahrami ENSC 388 (F09) Steady Conduction Heat Transfer 1 Steady Heat Conduction In thermodynamics, we considered the amount of heat transfer as a system

Bahrami, Majid

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Steady entanglement out of thermal equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study two two-level atomic quantum systems (qubits) placed close to a body held at a temperature different from that of the surrounding walls. While at thermal equilibrium the two-qubit dynamics is characterized by not entangled steady thermal states, we show that absence of thermal equilibrium may bring to the generation of entangled steady states. Remarkably, this entanglement emerges from the two-qubit dissipative dynamic itself, without any further external action on the two qubits, suggesting a new protocol to produce and protect entanglement which is intrinsically robust to environmental effects.

Bruno Bellomo; Mauro Antezza

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

22

Steady State Thermoelectric Field-Reversed Configurations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the cross-field thermoelectric force of magnetized plasmas can maintain field-reversed configurations against resistive diffusion, resulting in a steady state device attractive for thermonuclear fusion. If a peaked radial temperature profile is maintained, the thermoelectric force is in the opposite direction to the usual resistive friction, thus maintaining the field configuration. The field maintenance is tantamount to dynamo action, operating even in two dimensions. We show that a steady state device can be made by simply heating the O-point: no external electric fields or particle sources are needed. The feasibility of this scheme for fusion is discussed.

A. B. Hassam; R. M. Kulsrud; R. J. Goldston; H. Ji; M. Yamada

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

23

A steady course towards the next tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Energy Research Institute (JAERI) north of Tokyo have begun to design a steady-state tokamak to succeed the institute's aging JT-60 ... to succeed the institute's aging JT-60 tokamak. Proponents argue that it is needed to preserve Japan's role in developing fusion ...

David Swinbanks

1992-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

24

Steady-state inductive spheromak operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The inductively formed spheromak configuration (S-1) can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. The method described eliminates the restriction to pulsed spheromak plasmas or the use of electrodes for steady-state operation, and, therefore, is a reactor-relevant formation and sustainment method.

Janos, A.C.; Jardin, S.C.; Yamada, M.

1985-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

25

Steady-state inductive spheromak operation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The inductively formed spheromak plasma can be maintained in a highly stable and controlled fashion. Steady-state operation is obtained by forming the plasma in the linked mode, then oscillating the poloidal and toroidal fields such that they have different phases. Preferably, the poloidal and magnetic fields are 90.degree. out of phase.

Janos, Alan C. (E. Windsor, NJ); Jardin, Stephen C. (Princeton, NJ); Yamada, Masaaki (Lawrenceville, NJ)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Anticipates and Responds to System Disturbances (Self-Heals) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anticipates and Responds to System Disturbances (Self-Heals) Anticipates and Responds to System Disturbances (Self-Heals) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Anticipates and Responds to System Disturbances (Self-Heals) Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Policy Impacts Website: www.netl.doe.gov/smartgrid/referenceshelf/whitepapers/09.02.2010_Antic Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/anticipates-and-responds-system-distu Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Public-Private Partnerships Regulations: "Cost Recovery/Allocation,Resource Integration Planning" is not in the list of possible values (Agriculture Efficiency Requirements, Appliance & Equipment Standards and Required Labeling, Audit Requirements, Building Certification, Building Codes, Cost Recovery/Allocation, Emissions Mitigation Scheme, Emissions Standards, Enabling Legislation, Energy Standards, Feebates, Feed-in Tariffs, Fuel Efficiency Standards, Incandescent Phase-Out, Mandates/Targets, Net Metering & Interconnection, Resource Integration Planning, Safety Standards, Upgrade Requirements, Utility/Electricity Service Costs) for this property.

27

High Energy Solar Physics: Anticipating HESSI ASP Conference Series, Vol. xxx, 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Energy Solar Physics: Anticipating HESSI ASP Conference Series, Vol. xxx, 2000 R. Ramaty and N. Mandzhavidze, eds. Solar Flare Theory and the Status of Flare Understanding E.R. Priest Department current understanding of the mag­ netohydrodynamics of solar flares. The theory of reconnection in 2D

Priest, Eric

28

PAGE 1 OF 1Revised 12/09/2013 Anticipated date of graduation Major Advisor's name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAGE 1 OF 1Revised 12/09/2013 Anticipated date of graduation Major Advisor's name Department to your advisor. Once the form has been signed off by the advisor and department head, it should funding source to be used: Approvals: Advisor's name Advisor's signature Date Date Date Department head

Blei, Ron

29

The Canadian Plug-in Electric Vehicle Survey (CPEVS 2013): Anticipating Purchase, Use, and Grid Interactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric vehicles (PHEVs) that can be powered by grid electricity for an initial distance, say 60 km, but are otherwise powered by gasoline until the battery is recharged (e.g. the Chevrolet Volt) and Electric vehiclesThe Canadian Plug-in Electric Vehicle Survey (CPEVS 2013): Anticipating Purchase, Use, and Grid

30

A simple column model to explore anticipated problems in variational assimilation of satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple column model to explore anticipated problems in variational assimilation of satellite Office, Exeter, UK Abstract We investigate a simplified form of variational data assimilation in a fully of nonlinearity become non-negligible in the variational data assimilation algorithm. A careful analysis

Roulstone, Ian

31

A Process for Anticipating and Executing Icon Selection in Graphical User Interfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Process for Anticipating and Executing Icon Selection in Graphical User Interfaces David M. Lane presents a system for predicting the icon a user will select from an icon toolbar, based on command use that only predicted the most frequently used icon choices was better than one that predicted all choices

Lane, David

32

1 THE LIGHT-DUTY-VEHICLE FLEET'S EVOLUTION: 2 ANTICIPATING PHEV ADOPTION AND GREENHOUSE GAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE LIGHT-DUTY-VEHICLE FLEET'S EVOLUTION: 2 ANTICIPATING PHEV ADOPTION AND GREENHOUSE GAS 3 patterns ­ and associated petroleum use 33 and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions ­ can change under different microsimulation, travel behavior modeling, greenhouse gas emissions60 INTRODUCTION AND MOTIVATION61 Per

Kockelman, Kara M.

33

Research District Seeing Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: Its been a while since Ive updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and theres more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

Madison, Alison L.

2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

34

Steady state compact toroidal plasma production  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus and method for maintaining steady state compact toroidal plasmas. A compact toroidal plasma is formed by a magnetized coaxial plasma gun and held in close proximity to the gun electrodes by applied magnetic fields or magnetic fields produced by image currents in conducting walls. Voltage supply means maintains a constant potential across the electrodes producing an increasing magnetic helicity which drives the plasma away from a minimum energy state. The plasma globally relaxes to a new minimum energy state, conserving helicity according to Taylor's relaxation hypothesis, and injecting net helicity into the core of the compact toroidal plasma. Controlling the voltage so as to inject net helicity at a predetermined rate based on dissipative processes maintains or increases the compact toroidal plasma in a time averaged steady state mode.

Turner, William C. (Livermore, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Spheromak Formation by Steady Inductive Helicity Injection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A spheromak is formed for the first time using a new steady state inductive helicity injection method. Using two inductive injectors with odd symmetry and oscillating at 5.8kHz, a steady state spheromak with even symmetry is formed and sustained through nonlinear relaxation. A spheromak with about 13kA of toroidal current is formed and sustained using about 3MW of power. This is a much lower power threshold for spheromak production than required for electrode-based helicity injection. Internal magnetic probe data, including oscillations driven by the injectors, agree with the plasma being in the Taylor state. The agreement is remarkable considering the only fitting parameter is the amplitude of the spheromak component of the state.

T. R. Jarboe; W. T. Hamp; G. J. Marklin; B. A. Nelson; R. G. ONeill; A. J. Redd; P. E. Sieck; R. J. Smith; J. S. Wrobel

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

Location of test bundle instrumentation and anticipated experimental values for the CFTL AG-1 bundle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The placement of instrumentation within the CFTL (Core Flow Test Loop) AG-1 test section to meet the following objective is described. The objectives are threefold: (1) to provide values for the evaluation of the performance of the test section, (2) to compare the experimental data with values determined by pretest calculations to indicate the approach to conditions that can lead to a bundle failure, and (3) to acquire data during testing that will form a data base for subsequent use in the verification of computational procedures used in the licensing of the Gas Cooled Fast Reactor. Anticipated values for the various instruments have been determined using the computational procedure, SAGAPO, modified for the AG-1 geometry. These results are used as the basis for the specification of differential pressure cells and the range of readings anticipated from the thermocouples. Part of the results for the full flow, full power case are presented.

Sanders, J.P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Anticipation in the Rodent Head Direction System Can Be Explained by an Interaction of Head Movements and Vestibular Firing Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anticipation in the Rodent Head Direction System Can Be Explained by an Interaction of Head Rossum MC. Anticipation in the rodent head direction system can be explained by an interaction of head, 2007; doi:10.1152/jn.00233.2007. The rodent head-direction (HD) system, which codes for the animal

van Rossum, Mark

38

Geometry of Singularities for the Steady Boussinesq Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geometry of Singularities for the Steady Boussinesq Equations Russel E. Caflisch \\Lambda for singularities in the solution of the steady Boussinesq equations for two­dimensional, strat­ ified flow, singularities are analyzed for a related, but much simpler, system, the steady Boussinesq equations: u \\Delta

Soatto, Stefano

39

Intense steady state electron beam generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intense, steady state, low emittance electron beam generator is formed by operating a hollow cathode discharge plasma source at critical levels in combination with an extraction electrode and a target electrode that are operable to extract a beam of fast primary electrons from the plasma source through a negatively biased grid that is critically operated to repel bulk electrons toward the plasma source while allowing the fast primary electrons to move toward the target in the desired beam that can be successfully transported for relatively large distances, such as one or more meters away from the plasma source.

Hershcovitch, Ady (Mount Sinai, NY); Kovarik, Vincent J. (Bohemia, NY); Prelec, Krsto (Setauket, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Steady, three-dimensional, internally heated convection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical calculations have been carried out of steady, symmetric, three-dimensional modes of convection in internally heated, infinite Prandtl number, Boussinesq fluids at a Rayleigh number of 1.4[times]10[sup 4] in a spherical shell with inner/outer radius of 0.55 and in a 3[times]3[times]1 rectangular box. Multiple patterns of convection occur in both geometries. In the Cartesian geometry the patterns are dominated by cylindrical cold downflows and a broad hot upwelling. In the spherical geometry the patterns consist of cylindrical cold downwellings centered either at the vertices of a tetrahedron or the centers of the faces of a cube. The cold downflow cylinders are immersed in a background of upwelling within which there are cylindrical hot concentrations (plumes) and hot halos around the downflows. The forced hot upflow return plumes of internally heated spherical convection are fundamentally different from the buoyancy-driven plumes of heated from below convection.

Schubert, G. (Department of Earth and Space Sciences and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024 (United States)); Glatzmaier, G.A.; Travis, B. (Earth and Environmental Sciences, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States))

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Steady periodic gravity waves with surface tension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we consider two-dimensional, stratified, steady water waves propagating over an impermeable flat bed and with a free surface. The motion is assumed to be driven by capillarity (that is, surface tension) on the surface and a gravitational force acting on the body of the fluid. We prove the existence of global continua of classical solutions that are periodic and traveling. This is accomplished by first constructing a 1-parameter family of laminar flow solutions, $\\mathcal{T}$, then applying bifurcation theory methods to obtain local curves of small amplitude solutions branching from $\\mathcal{T}$ at an eigenvalue of the linearized problem. Each solution curve is then continued globally by means of a degree theoretic theorem in the spirit of Rabinowitz. Finally, we complement the degree theoretic picture by proving an alternate global bifurcation theorem via the analytic continuation method of Dancer.

Samuel Walsh

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

42

Predicting the anticipated emotional and behavioral responses to an avian flu outbreak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background The purpose of this study was to develop a model to predict the emotional and behavioral responses to an avian flu outbreak. Methods The participants were 289 university students ranging in age, income, and ethnic backgrounds. They were presented with scenarios describing avian flu outbreaks affecting their community. They reported their anticipated emotional responses (positive emotion, negative emotion) and behavioral responses (helping, avoidance, sacrifice, illegal behavior) as if the scenarios were actually occurring. They also were assessed on individual differences expected to predict their responses. Results Participants were only modestly familiar with the avian flu and anticipated strong emotional and behavioral responses to an outbreak. Path analyses were conducted to test a model for predicting responses. The model showed that age, sex, income, spirituality, resilience, and neuroticism were related to responses. Spirituality, resilience, and income predicted better emotional responses, and neuroticism and female sex predicted worse emotional responses. Age, sex, income, and spirituality had direct effects on behavior. The emotional responses were directly related to each behavior and mediated the effects of individual differences. Conclusion Emotional responses may be important in predicting behavior after an outbreak of avian flu, and personal characteristics may predict both emotional and behavioral responses.

Bruce W. Smith; Virginia S. Kay; Timothy V. Hoyt; Michael L. Bernard

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A proposed methodology for medium-range maximum demand anticipation and application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One to three years' anticipation of monthly and weekly peak demand is required to prepare maintenance schedules, develop power pooling agreements, select peaking capacity and provide data required by certain reliability coordinating centers. A total monthly forecast of the maximum demand is deduced and computed for the three years up to April 1981. This is accomplished for an important electrical network in Egypt. The anticipated maximum demand is executed for El-Mehalla El-Kubra city network. This network has an industrial and residential daily load characteristic. Direct monthly maximum demand forecasting is executed by separate treatment of weather-independent and weather-induced demand. The required forecast is derived by two methodologies: the probabilistic extrapolation-correlation, and that suggested by the authors. Daily and monthly data have been collected for more reliable determination of weather load models. Complete analysis, discussion and comments on the results are presented, and the results compared. This comparison reveals that an acceptable and reasonable percentage error is obtained on applying the proposed methodology.

M.S. Kandil; M.Helmy El-Maghraby; H. El-Dosouky

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Linear steady flows in a two-dimensional Boussinesq  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Linear steady flows in a two-dimensional Boussinesq fluid driven by thermal forcing P.A.J. van Melick De Bilt | 2010 | Stageverslag #12;#12;Linear steady flows in a two-dimensional Boussinesq fluid-rotating, small-amplitude and Boussinesq flow. A step-by-step approach has been used towards a smooth localized

Stoffelen, Ad

45

Steady detonation problem for slow and fast chemical reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steady detonation problem for slow and fast chemical reactions F. Conforto1 , M. Groppi2 , R of the stationary propagation of a detonation wave. The differ- ences of the shock structure in the two cases of steady detonation waves. We consider a mixture of four gases As, s = 1, . . . , 4 which, besides all

Ceragioli, Francesca

46

Multiple Steady States in Ideal Two-Product Distillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple Steady States in Ideal Two-Product Distillation Elling W. Jacobsen and Sigurd Skogestad Chemical Engineering Dept., University of Trondheim-NTH, N-7034 Trondheim, Norway Simple distillation and compositions in the column. Introduction Multiple steady states (multiplicity) in distillation columns have

Skogestad, Sigurd

47

TRACE Model for Simulation of Anticipated Transients Without Scram in a BWR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A TRACE model has been developed for using theTRACE/PARCS computational package [1, 2] to simulate anticipated transients without scram (ATWS) events in a boiling water reactor (BWR). The model represents a BWR/5 housed in a Mark II containment. The reactor and the balance of plant systems are modeled in sufficient detail to enable the evaluation of plant responses and theeffectiveness of automatic and operator actions tomitigate this beyond design basis accident.The TRACE model implements features thatfacilitate the simulation of ATWS events initiated by turbine trip and closure of the main steam isolation valves (MSIV). It also incorporates control logic to initiate actions to mitigate the ATWS events, such as water levelcontrol, emergency depressurization, and injection of boron via the standby liquid control system (SLCS). Two different approaches have been used to model boron mixing in the lower plenum of the reactor vessel: modulate coolant flow in the lower plenum by a flow valve, and use control logic to modular.

Cheng L. Y.; Baek J.; Cuadra,A.; Aronson, A.; Diamond, D.; Yarsky, P.

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

48

Jump Steady Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump Steady Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump Steady Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Jump Steady Resort Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Jump Steady Resort Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Buena Vista, Colorado Coordinates 38.8422178°, -106.1311288° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

49

Steady detonation problem for slow and fast chemical reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steady detonation problem for slow and fast chemical reactions F. Conforto1 , M. Groppi2 , R of the stationary propagation of a detonation wave. The differ- ences of the shock structure in the two cases

Ceragioli, Francesca

50

Anticipating DSM-V: Opportunities and Challenges for Cognition and Psychosis Deanna M. Barch1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Anticipating DSM-V: Opportunities and Challenges for Cognition and Psychosis Deanna M. Barch1 Medical Center, Raleigh, NC Key words: cognition/schizophrenia/DSM-V/bipolar/ schizoaffective Cognition in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) (DSM-V) would be problematic from

51

Abstract--This paper proposes a model and preliminary results to evaluate the efficiency of anticipating the connection of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that can be built quickly, such as Combined Cycle Gas Turbines or wind farms [1] [2]. At the same time to be coordinated, to the short-run and to the long term to ensure an optimal use and development and on the required transmission investment. This paper evaluates the efficiency of the strategy of anticipating

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Steady-State Diffusion of Water through Soft-Contact Lens Materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fig. 2 Measured steady-state water fluxes as a function ofTM hydrogels. Measured steady-state water fluxes are largestthe measured steady- state water fluxes increase with rising

Fornasiero, Francesco; Krull, Florian; Radke, Clayton J.; Prausnitz, John M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Steady quantum coherence in non-equilibrium environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the steady state of a three-level system in contact with a non-equilibrium environment, which is composed of two independent heat baths at different temperatures. We derive a master equation to describe the non-equilibrium process of the system. For the three level systems with two dipole transitions, i.e., the $\\Lambda$-type and V-type, we find that the interferences of two transitions in a non-equilibrium environment can give rise to non-vanishing steady quantum coherence, namely, there exist non-zero off-diagonal terms in the steady state density matrix (in the energy representation). Moreover, the non-vanishing off-diagonal terms increase with the temperature difference of the two heat baths. Such interferences of the transitions were usually omitted by secular approximation, for it was usually believed that they only take effect in short time behavior and do not affect the steady state. Here we show that, in non-equilibrium systems, such omission would lead to the neglect of the steady quantum coherence.

Sheng-Wen Li; C. Y. Cai; C. P. Sun

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

54

Do households smooth expenditure over anticipated income changes? Evidence from bonus payments to public employees in Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper provides new evidence of consumers reaction to an anticipated sizable change in income. Until FY2002, Japanese public employees received predictable large bonus payments three times a fiscal year (in June, December, and March), but the March bonus was abolished in FY2003. We compare the seasonal patterns of public employees expenditure before and after the reform of the bonus payment schedule. Contrary to the prediction of the life cycle/permanent income hypothesis (LC/PIH), we find evidence that monthly patterns of household expenditure were significantly affected by the anticipated large change in income pattern. However, at closer inspection, this excess sensitivity of expenditure is observed only for expenditure subcategories of some durability, i.e., durables and semi-durables. Thus, while the LC/PIH does not appear to hold for expenditure (which we observe here), it may still hold for consumption.

Masahiro Hori; Satoshi Shimizutani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Paducah Site Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Methods  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Site Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Site Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Methods Paducah Site Undergoing Steady Groundwater Cleanup with Variety of Methods June 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis The yellow outline depicts an area southeast of the C-400 Cleaning Building, background, where electrical resistance heating will be used to remove trichloroethene (TCE) down to 60 feet below ground. Electrodes will heat the chemical into a vapor that can be pumped to the surface and treated in the white structure, center. The yellow outline depicts an area southeast of the C-400 Cleaning Building, background, where electrical resistance heating will be used to remove trichloroethene (TCE) down to 60 feet below ground. Electrodes will heat the chemical into a vapor that can be pumped to the surface and

56

Ideal MHD Stability of ITER Steady State Scenarios with ITBs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of ITER goals is to demonstrate feasibility of continuous operations using non-inductive current drive. Two main candidates have been identified for advanced operations: the long duration, high neutron fluency hybrid scenario and the steady state scenario, both operating at a plasma current lower than the reference ELMy scenario [1][2] to minimize the required current drive. The steady state scenario targets plasmas with current 7-10 MA in the flat-top, 50% of which will be provided by the self-generated, pressure-driven bootstrap current. It has been estimated that, in order to obtain a fusion gain Q > 5 at a current of 9 MA, it should be ?N > 2.5 and H > 1.5 [3]. This implies the presence of an Internal Transport Barrier (ITB). This work discusses how the stability of steady state scenarios with ITBs is affected by the external heating sources and by perturbations of the equilibrium profiles.

F.M. Poli, C.E. Kessel, S. Jardin, J. Manickam, M. Chance, J. Chen

2011-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California, Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California, inferred from satellite radar interferometry Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Steady state deformation of the Coso Range, east central California, inferred from satellite radar interferometry Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Observations of deformation from 1992 to 1997 in the southern Coso Range using satellite radar interferometry show deformation rates of up to 35 mm yr -1 in an area approximately 10 km by 15 km. The deformation is most likely the result of subsidence in an area around the Coso geothermal field. The deformation signal has a short-wavelength component, related to production in the field, and a long-wavelength component,

58

STEADY STATE LIQUID CRYSTAL THERMOGRAPHY AND HEAT TRANSFER MEASUREMENTS ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter V STEADY STATE LIQUID CRYSTAL THERMOGRAPHY AND HEAT TRANSFER MEASUREMENTS ON SURFACES Composite Heat Transfer Surface Liquid Crystal Image Processing Technique V . 4 Experimental Results and Discussion Test Conditions and Data Analysis Application to Endwall Heat Transfer Problem Further Application

Camci, Cengiz

59

BURNER DEVELOPMENT AND OPERABILITY ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH STEADY FLOWING SYNGAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BURNER DEVELOPMENT AND OPERABILITY ISSUES ASSOCIATED WITH STEADY FLOWING SYNGAS FIRED COMBUSTORS Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 2 UCI Combustion Laboratory, University-Mu¨nchen, Garching, Germany This article addresses the impact of syngas fuel composition on combustor blowout, flash

Lieuwen, Timothy C.

60

On Steady-State Bubbles Generated by Taylor Instability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...steady motion of a long bubble rising through an infinite...that the speed U of the bubble can also be prescribed. However, a criterion of stability singles out the unique physically...maximizes the velocity of the bubble. With the aid of a difference-differential...

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Non equilibrium dissipation-driven steady many-body entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study an ensemble of two-level quantum systems (qubits) interacting with a common electromagnetic field in proximity of a dielectric slab whose temperature is held different from that of some far surrounding walls. We show that the dissipative dynamics of the qubits driven by this stationary and out of thermal equilibrium (OTE) field, allows the production of steady many-body entangled states, differently from the case at thermal equilibrium where steady states are always non-entangled. By studying up to ten qubits, we point out the role of symmetry in the entanglement production, which is exalted in the case of permutationally invariant configurations. In the case of three qubits, we find a strong dependence of tripartite entanglement on the spatial disposition of the qubits, and in the case of six qubits, we find several highly entangled bipartitions where entanglement can, remarkably, survive for large qubit-qubit distances up to 100 $\\mu$m.

Bruno Bellomo; Mauro Antezza

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

62

Steady-state growth in a Hotelling model of resource extraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

supply and demand in the world oil market. Working paper.the demand curve for all commodities, including oil anddemand; bauxite, gold, hard coal, natural gas, oil, silver,

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia; Wagner, Gernot

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Steady-state one-dimensional longitudinally coupled lasers analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theory of mutually injected coupled lasers is developed for distributed saturated homogeneous gain so that a set of simultaneous conditions is established for steady-state operation of the coupled-laser system with arbitrary coupling strength. The effects of the various coupled-laser parameters are determined for a model of two Fabry--Perot resonators with distributed saturated homogeneous gain and a longitudinal coupling path.

Needham, G. A.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Analysis of a research reactor under anticipated transients without scram events using the RELAP5/MOD3.2 computer program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulations for two series of anticipated transients phics. without scram (ATWS) events have been carried out for a small, hypothetical, research reactor based on the High Flux Australian Reador HIFAR using the RELAPS/MOD3.Z computer program...

Hari, Sridhar

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Jumping-Catalyst Dynamics in Nanowire Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanowire growth is generally considered a steady-state process, but oscillatory phenomena are known to often play a fundamental role. Here we identify a natural sequence of distinct growth modes, in two of which the catalyst droplet jumps periodically on and off a crystal facet. The oscillatory modes result from a mismatch between catalyst size and wire diameter; they enable growth of straight smooth-sided wires even when the droplet is too small to span the wire tip. Jumping-catalyst growth modes are seen both in computer simulations of vapor-liquid-solid growth, and in movies of Si nanowire growth obtained by insitu microscopy. Our simulations also provide new insight into nanowire kinking.

K.?W. Schwarz; J. Tersoff; S. Kodambaka; F.?M. Ross

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

66

Accelerated Iterative Method for Solving Steady Solutions of Linearized Atmospheric Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerated Iterative Method for Solving Steady Solutions of Linearized Atmospheric Models Masahiro approach, referred to as the accelerated iterative method (AIM), is developed for solving steady state, respectively. For ensuring the accelerated asymptotic convergence of iterative procedure

Watanabe, Masahiro

67

Correction to ``Nitrate and colloid transport through coarse Hanford sediments under steady state,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correction to ``Nitrate and colloid transport through coarse Hanford sediments under steady state), Correction to ``Nitrate and colloid transport through coarse Hanford sediments under steady state, variably and colloid transport through coarse Hanford sediments under steady state, variably saturated flow'' by Kelly

Flury, Markus

68

A globally convergent method for finding all steady-state solutions of distillation columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A globally convergent method for finding all steady-state solutions of distillation columns Ali distillation column with 7 steady-states show the robustness of the method. No published software known to the steady-state model of distillation columns as it returns the original system as a single large block

Neumaier, Arnold

69

Constraint based approach for the steady-state simulation of complex systems: Application to ship control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the steady states are largely predominant with respect to transitional phases, steady-state simulation seems sufficient to predict the behavior of a complex system. Over the past 20 years, different modeling languages and dedicated tools have been ... Keywords: Constraint programming, Model-based system engineering, Modelica, Multi-physics modeling, Steady-state simulation

Vincent Larroud; Raphael Chenouard; Pierre-Alain Yvars; Dominique Millet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Steady Deflagration of PBX-9501 Within a Copper Cylinder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A copper cylinder cook-off experiment has been designed to cause steady deflagration in PBX-9501 explosive material. The design is documented and preliminary copper expansion results are presented for steady deflagration with a reaction speed of 1092 +/- 24 m/s. The expansion of reaction products from the detonation of an explosive is something that is well understood, and reasonably simulated using documented equations of state (EOS) for many explosives of interest. These EOS were historically measured using a 'standard' copper cylinder test design; this design comprised an annealed, oxygen-free high conductivity (OFHC) copper tube filled with explosive material and detonated from one end. Expansion of the copper wall was measured as a function of time using either a streak camera (for classic testing), or more recently using laser velocimetry techniques. Expansion data were then used to derive the EOS in various preferred forms - which are not discussed here for the sake of brevity. [Catanach, et. al., 1999] When an explosive deflagrates rather than detonating, simulation becomes more difficult. Reaction products are released on a slower time scale, and the reactions are much more affected by the geometry and local temperature within the reaction environment. It is assumed that the standard, documented EOS will no longer apply. In an effort to establish a first order approximation of deflagration product behavior, a cook-off test has been designed to cause steady deflagration in PBX-9501 explosive material, and to record the copper expansion profile as a function of time during this test. The purpose of the current paper is to document the initial test design and report some preliminary results. A proposal for modification of the design is also presented.

Pemberton, Steven J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Herrera, Dennis H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Herrera, Tommy J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arellano, Jesus C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandoval, Thomas D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

71

Existing and anticipated technology strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Koreas petrochemical and steel industries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the existing and anticipated technology strategies for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Koreas petrochemical and steel industries. The results of the cluster analysis identify three types of technology strategies employed by firms for reducing GHG emissions: wait-and-see in-process-focused, and all-round strategies. The in-process-focused strategy was the most widely used strategy, followed by the all-round strategy. However, firms in these industries are expected to change their technology strategies to treatment-reliance, inbound-substitution, and all-round strategies in 510 years by employing a wider range of technology options to respond more effectively to the issue of GHG emissions. The demand for new energy sources and raw material substitutes is expected to strengthen in the near future as related technologies advance rapidly and become more widely available.

Su-Yol Lee

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Stability of the steady three-dimensional lid-driven flow in a cube and the supercritical flow dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The stability of the steady flow in a lid-driven cube is investigated by a collocation method making use of asymptotic solutions for the singular edges of the cavity up- and downstream of the moving wall. Owing to the rapid convergence of the method high-accuracy critical data are obtained. To determine the critical point subcritical growth rates of small perturbations are extrapolated to zero. We find the bifurcation to be of Hopf-type and slightly subcritical. Above the critical point, the oscillatory flow is symmetric with respect to the symmetric midplane of the cavity and characterized by nearly streamwise vortices in the boundary layer on the wall upstream of the moving wall. The oscillation amplitude grows slowly and seems to saturate. On a long time scale, however, the constant-amplitude oscillations are unstable. The periodic oscillations are interrupted by short bursts during which the oscillation amplitude grows substantially and the spatial structure of the oscillating streamwise vortices changes. Towards the end of each burst the mirror symmetry of the oscillatory flow is lost, the flow returns to the vicinity of the unstable steady state and the growth of symmetric oscillations starts again leading to an intermittent chaotic flow.

Kuhlmann, Hendrik C., E-mail: h.kuhlmann@tuwien.ac.at [Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, Vienna University of Technology, Resselgasse 3, 1040 Vienna (Austria); Albensoeder, Stefan [Carl von Ossietzky Universitt Oldenburg, Ammerlnder Heerstrae 136, 26129 Oldenburg (Germany)] [Carl von Ossietzky Universitt Oldenburg, Ammerlnder Heerstrae 136, 26129 Oldenburg (Germany)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

A steady-state measurement system for total hemispherical emissivity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A steady-state calorimetric technique was developed for measuring the total hemispherical emissivity of a conductive material. The system uses a thin strip of the conductive sample electrically heated by alternating current to high temperatures in a vacuum chamber. The emissivity was measured in a central region of the sample with an approximately uniform temperature distribution. Considering the influences of the gray body assumption, wire heat losses, effects of residual gas and conductive heat loss from the region to the rest of the strip, the emissivity was accurately determined by solving the inverse one-dimension steady-state heat transfer problem. The emissivities of various metal samples (nickel and 45# steel) were measured to verify the system accuracy. And the results were then analyzed to estimate the relative errors of emissivity arising from the gray body assumption, wire heat losses, effects of residual gas, non-uniform temperature distribution and the measurement uncertainty of emissivity. In the temperature range from 700 to 1300 K, the accuracy is acceptable for practical applications within the total measurement uncertainties of 1.1%. To increase the system applicability, some issues related to sample specifications, heating power control and temperature uniformity of sample test section were discussed. Thus, this system can provide accurate measurements of the total hemispherical emissivity of conductive samples at high temperatures.

Tairan Fu; Peng Tan; Chuanhe Pang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

MHD stability regimes for steady state and pulsed reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tokamak reactor will operate at the maximum value of {beta}{equivalent_to}2{mu}{sub 0} < p >/B{sup 2} that is compatible with MHD stability. This value depends upon the plasma current and pressure profiles, the plasma shape and aspect ratio, and the location of nearby conducting structures. In addition, a steady state reactor will minimize its external current drive requirements and thus achieve its maximum economic benefit with a bootstrap fraction near one, I{sub bs}/I{sub p} {approximately} 1, which constrains the product of the inverse aspect ratio and the plasma poloidal beta to be near unity, {epsilon} {beta}{sub p} {approximately} 1. An inductively driven pulsed reactor has different constraints set by the steady-state Ohm`s law which relates the plasma temperature and density profiles to the parallel current density. We present the results obtained during the ARIES I, II/IV, and III and the PULSAR reactor studies where these quantities were optimized subject to different design philosophies. The ARIES-II/IV and ARIES-III designs are both in the second stability regime, but differ in requirements on the form of the profiles at the plasma edge, and in the location of the conducting wall. The relation between these, as well as new attractive MHD regimes not utilized in the ARIES or PULSAR studies is also discussed.

Jardin, S.C.; Kessel, C.E.; Pomphrey, N.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Steady wave drift force on basic objects of symmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An exponential growth in the offshore industry has resulted in a corresponding increase in demand for quick, accurate, and implementable designs. With the increase in size of the structure relative to the wave amplitude, analysis should be performed...

Gupta, Anupam

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

The plan as a cognitive-resource-saving tool 1 The plan as a cognitive-resource-saving tool: planning and anticipation,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The plan as a cognitive-resource-saving tool 1 The plan as a cognitive-resource-saving tool, 33076 Bordeaux, France. hal-00675426,version1-1Mar2012 #12;The plan as a cognitive-resource-saving tool is user-centred: the understanding of the cognitive mechanisms underlying the anticipation process allows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - auditory steady state Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

at College Park Collection: Engineering ; Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 10 intake R 0705 REQUEST FOR CLINICAL SERVICES Summary: Steady State Response) Aural...

78

Steady and Transient Heat Transfer for Jet Impingement on Patterned Surfaces.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Free liquid-jet impingement is well researched due to its high heat transfer ability and ease of implementation. This study considers both the steady state and (more)

Dobbertean, Mark Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Indeterminacy with Constant Money Growth Rules and Income-Based Liquidity Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Indeterminacy with Constant Money Growth Rules and Income-Based Liquidity Constraints Stefano Bosi Abstract We study the implications of constant money growth rules on the sta- bility properties. In this context, the steady state value of the velocity of money becomes a cru- cial parameter for gauging whether

Boyer, Edmond

80

Steady mirror structures in a plasma with pressure anisotropy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the first part we present a review of our results concerning the weakly nonlinear regime of the mirror instability in the framework of an asymptotic model. This model belongs to the class of gradient type systems for which the free energy can only decrease in time. It reveals a behavior typical for subcritical bifurcations: below the mirror instability threshold, all localized stationary structures are unstable, while above threshold, the system displays a blow-up behavior. It is shown that taking the electrons into account (non-zero temperature) does not change the structure of the asymptotic model. For bi-Maxwellian distribution functions for both electrons and ions, the model predicts the formation of magnetic holes. The second part contains original results concerning two-dimensional steady mirror structures which can form in the saturated regime. Based on Grad-Shafranov-like equations, a gyrotropic plasma, where the pressures in the static regime are only functions of the amplitude of the local magnet...

Kuznetsov, E A; Ruban, V P; Sulem, P L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Steady-state and transient results on insulation materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Unguarded Thin-Heater Apparatus (UTHA, ASTM C 1114) was used to determine the thermal conductivity (k), specific heat (C), and thermal diffusivity ({alpha}) of selected building materials from 24 to 50{degree}C. Steady-state and transient measurements yielded data on four types of material: gypsum wall board containing 0, 15, and 30 wt % wax; calcium silicate insulations with densities ({rho}) of 307, 444, and 605 kg/m{sup 3}; three wood products: southern yellow pine flooring (575 kg/m{sup 3}), Douglas fir plywood (501 kg/m{sup 3}), and white spruce flooring (452 kg/m{sup 3}); and two cellular plastic foams: extruded polystyrene (30 kg/m{sup 3}) blown with HCFC-142b and polyisocyanurate rigid board (30.2 kg/m{sup 3}) blown with CFC-11. The extruded polystyrene was measured several times after production (25 days, 45 days, 74 days, 131 days, and 227 days). The UTHA is an absolute technique that yields k with an uncertainty of less than {plus minus}2% as determined by modeling, by determinate error analyses, and by use of Standard Reference Materials SRM-1450b and SRM-1451. 37 refs., 5 figs., 10 tabs.

Graves, R.S.; Yarbrough, D.W.; McElroy, D.L.; Fine, H.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Dynamics of growth roughening and smoothening on Ge (001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present reflection high-energy electron diffraction measurements of the evolution of surface morphology during molecular beam epitaxy of Ge on Ge (001) and subsequent annealing. We find that there is a critical ''growth roughening'' temperature (375 C) above which a smooth surface remains smooth during growth, but below which it roughens during growth. Surprisingly, smooth starting surfaces never appear to roughen without bound, but reach steady-state roughnesses which depend on temperature and deposition rate. The results can be fit empirically with simple phenomenological equations based on a competition between growth roughening and growth smoothening of a ''pseudo-statistical'' surface. Furthermore, growth-roughened surfaces tend to smoothen, after growth, at a rate consistent with an Ostwald-like ripening mechanism. 4 figs.

Chason, E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Horn, K.M.; Picraux, S.T.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

A dusty plasma device for producing extended, steady state, magnetized, dusty plasma columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A dusty plasma device for producing extended, steady state, magnetized, dusty plasma columns Wenjun with an existing Q machine, to produce extended, steady state, magnetized plasma columns. The dusty plasma device (DPD) is to be used for the investigation of waves in dusty plasmas and of other plasma/dust aspects

Merlino, Robert L.

84

Stability of steady gravity waves generated by a moving localised pressure disturbance in water of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

disturbance in water of finite depth. The steady waves take the form of a downstream wavetrain for subcritical and , the subcritical solutions were wavetrains solutions similar to those found in deep water, and became dragStability of steady gravity waves generated by a moving localised pressure disturbance in water

85

Nitrate and colloid transport through coarse Hanford sediments under steady state, variably saturated flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nitrate and colloid transport through coarse Hanford sediments under steady state, variably] At the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Reservation, colloid-facilitated transport is a potential of colloids through Hanford sediments under steady state, unsaturated flow conditions. We isolated colloids

Flury, Markus

86

BOOTSTRAP-CURRENT-DRIVEN STEADY-STATE TOKAMAK J.C. Sprott  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BOOTSTRAP-CURRENT-DRIVEN STEADY-STATE TOKAMAK J.C. Sprott PLP 891 January 1983 Plasma Studies of the authors and major professor. #12;BOOTSTRAP-CURRENT-DRIVEN STEADY-STATE TOKAMAK J.C. Sprott We examime here the possibility of modifying the Levitated Octupole to operate as a tokamak with a rotational transform produced

Sprott, Julien Clinton

87

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 036314 (2012) ac electric fields drive steady flows in flames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICAL REVIEW E 86, 036314 (2012) ac electric fields drive steady flows in flames Aaron M. Drews June 2012; published 20 September 2012) We show that time-oscillating electric fields applied-averaged force that drives the steady flows observed experimentally. A quantitative model describes the response

Heller, Eric

88

Onset Voltage Hash and Anode Spots in Quasi-Steady Magnetoplasmadynamic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Onset Voltage Hash and Anode Spots in Quasi-Steady Magnetoplasmadynamic Thrusters Luke Uribarri: Edgar Y. Choueiri November 2008 #12;ONSET VOLTAGE HASH AND ANODE SPOTS IN QUASI noise ("hash") and anode damage in a self-field, quasi-steady magnetoplasmadynamic thruster (MPDT

Choueiri, Edgar

89

Optimization of a Steady-State Tokamak-Based Power Plant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimization of a Steady-State Tokamak-Based Power Plant Farrokh Najmabadi University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA IEA Workshop 59 "Shape and aspect ratio optimization for high , steady between a physics optimization and an integrated systems optimization Identify key impact of physics

90

A Thrust Stand for High-power Steady-state Plasma Thrusters L.D. Cassady,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an inverted-pendulum thrust stand to measure thrust for high-power steady- state plasma thrusters is presentedA Thrust Stand for High-power Steady-state Plasma Thrusters L.D. Cassady, A.D. Kodys, and E Department Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (Dated: July 18, 2002) The operation

Choueiri, Edgar

91

Thermal Effects on Inverted Pendulum Thrust Stands for Steady-state High-power Plasma Thrusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal Effects on Inverted Pendulum Thrust Stands for Steady-state High-power Plasma Thrusters A and Aerospace Engineering Department Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 AIAA-2003-4842§ July 22, 2003 Abstract Thermal effects on direct measurements of the thrust produced by steady-state, high-power

Choueiri, Edgar

92

Rod Bundle Heat Transfer: Steady-State Steam Cooling Experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Through the joint efforts of the Pennsylvania State University and the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, an experimental rod bundle heat transfer (RBHT) facility was designed and built. The rod bundle consists of a 7 x 7 square pitch array with spacer grids and geometry similar to that found in a modern pressurized water reactor. From this facility, a series of steady-state steam cooling experiments were performed. The bundle inlet Reynolds number was varied from 1 400 to 30 000 over a pressure range from 1.36 to 4 bars (20 to 60 psia). The bundle inlet steam temperature was controlled to be at saturation for the specified pressure and the fluid exit temperature exceeded 550 deg. C in the highest power tests. One important quantity of interest is the local convective heat transfer coefficient defined in terms of the local bulk mean temperature of the flow, local wall temperature, and heat flux. Steam temperatures were measured at the center of selected subchannels along the length of the bundle by traversing miniaturized thermocouples. Using an analogy between momentum and energy transport, a method was developed for relating the local subchannel centerline temperature measurement to the local bulk mean temperature. Wall temperatures were measured using internal thermocouples strategically placed along the length of each rod and the local wall heat flux was obtained from an inverse conduction program. The local heat transfer coefficient was calculated from the data at each rod thermocouple location. The local heat transfer coefficients calculated for locations where the flow was fully developed were compared against several published correlations. The Weisman and El-Genk correlations were found to agree best with the RBHT steam cooling data, especially over the range of turbulent Reynolds numbers. The effect of spacer grids on the heat transfer enhancement was also determined from instrumentation placed downstream of the spacer grid locations. The local heat transfer was found to be greatest at locations immediately downstream of the grid, and as the flow moved further downstream from the grid it became more developed, thus causing the heat transfer to diminish. The amount of heat transfer enhancement was found to depend not only on the spacer grid design, but also on the local Reynolds number. It was seen that decreasing Reynolds number leads to greater heat transfer enhancement. (authors)

Spring, J.P.; McLaughlin, D.M. [The Pennsylvania State University, 201 Shields Building University Park, PA 16802 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Constraint based approach for the steady-state simulation of complex systems: Application to ship control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the steady states are largely predominant with respect to transitional phases, steady-state simulation seems sufficient to predict the behavior of a complex system. Over the past 20 years, different modeling languages and dedicated tools have been developed to improve steady state simulation. In this paper, focus is made on steady-state simulation for system control and design. A model combining an emission sub-model with a ship propulsion sub-model was implemented in a constraint programming (CP) approach. It will help to determine the efficiency (i.e. the ability to model and solve the problem) and complexity of implementation (i.e. difficulties encountered during the implementation) of this approach. First, requirements for the steady-state simulation of complex systems are defined. Then, CP approach is shown to be able to answer these issues through experiments. This approach is then compared to one of the main simulation languages: Modelica. Although the two approaches (i.e Modelica and CP) are able to reverse models, the study shows that the use of Modelica principles for steady-state simulation involves some crippling limitations, such as the non-management of under/over-constrained systems, or inequalities. This study also shows that the constraint programming approach permits to meet some needs for steady-state simulation not yet covered by current approaches.

Vincent Larroud; Raphael Chenouard; Pierre-Alain Yvars; Dominique Millet

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Dynamics of growth roughening and smoothening on Ge (001)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present reflection high-energy electron diffraction measurements of the evolution of surface morphology during molecular-beam epitaxy of Ge on Ge(001) and subsequent annealing. We find that there is a critical ''kinetic roughening'' temperature (375 /sup 0/C) above which a smooth surface remains smooth during growth, but below which it roughens during growth. Surprisingly, smooth starting surfaces never appear to roughen without bound, but reach steady-state roughnesses which depend on temperature and deposition rate. The results can be fit empirically with simple phenomenological equations based on a competition between growth roughening and growth smoothening of a ''pseudo-statistical'' surface. Furthermore, growth-roughened surfaces tend to smoothen, after growth, at a rate consistent with a third-order power-law ripening mechanism.

Chason, E.; Tsao, J.Y.; Horn, K.M.; Picraux, S.T.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Method for crystal growth control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The growth of a crystalline body of a selected material is controlled so that the body has a selected cross-sectional shape. The apparatus is of the type which includes the structure normally employed in known capillary die devices as well as means for observing at least the portion of the surfaces of the growing crystalline body and the meniscus (of melt material from which the body is being pulled) including the solid/liquid/vapor junction in a direction substantially perpendicular to the meniscus surface formed at the junction when the growth of the crystalline body is under steady state conditions. The cross-sectional size of the growing crystalline body can be controlled by determining which points exhibit a sharp change in the amount of reflected radiation of a preselected wavelength and controlling the speed at which the body is being pulled or the temperature of the growth pool of melt so as to maintain those points exhibiting a sharp change at a preselected spatial position relative to a predetermined reference position. The improvement comprises reference object means positioned near the solid/liquid/vapor junction and capable of being observed by the means for observing so as to define said reference position so that the problems associated with convection current jitter are overcome.

Yates, Douglas A. (Burlington, MA); Hatch, Arthur E. (Waltham, MA); Goldsmith, Jeff M. (Medford, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

States with identical steady dissipation rate: Role of kinetic constants in enzyme catalysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-equilibrium steady state is characterized by a non-zero steady dissipation rate. Chemical reaction systems under suitable conditions may generate such states. We propose here a method that is able to distinguish states with identical values of the steady dissipation rate. This necessitates a study of the variation of the entropy production rate with the experimentally observable reaction rate in regions close to the steady states. As an exactly-solvable test case, we choose the problem of enzyme catalysis. Link of the total entropy production with the enzyme efficiency is also established, offering a desirable connection with the inherent irreversibility of the process. The chief outcomes are finally noted in a more general reaction network with numerical demonstrations.

Banerjee, Kinshuk

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Are water simulation models consistent with steady-state and ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy experiments?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Are water simulation models consistent with steady-state and ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy, United States b Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States c Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States Received

Fayer, Michael D.

98

A steady state analysis code for prediction of behavior in loop heat pipes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to prepare an analysis raphics. code for the prediction of Loop Heat Pipe (LHP) behavior in steady-state operation. The FORTRAN program is then benchmarked with experimental data obtained in two orientations: 1...

Hamm, Trenton Allen

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Steady-state and equilibrium vortex configurations, transitions, and evolution in a mesoscopic superconducting cylinder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the system passes through nearly metastable intermediate configurations while seeking the final minimum-energy steady state consistent with the square symmetry of the sample. An efficient scheme to determine the equilibrium vortex configuration in a...

Kim, S.; Hu, Chia-Ren; Andrews, MJ.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Theory and operation of a steady-state pH differential water electrolysis cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The reversible potential for conventional water electrolysis is rather high, 1.23 V at ... . In this paper we present a new water electrolysis process using a steady-state pH differential. ... as a function of te...

O. Teschke

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Technical challenges in the construction of the steady-state stellarator Wendelstein 7-X  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The next step in the Wendelstein stellarator line is the large superconducting device Wendelstein 7-X, currently under construction in Greifswald, Germany. Steady-state operation is an intrinsic feature of stellarators, and one key element of the Wendelstein 7-X mission is to demonstrate steady-state operation under plasma conditions relevant for a fusion power plant. Steady-state operation of a fusion device, on the one hand, requires the implementation of special technologies, giving rise to technical challenges during the design, fabrication and assembly of such a device. On the other hand, also the physics development of steady-state operation at high plasma performance poses a challenge and careful preparation. The electron cyclotron resonance heating system, diagnostics, experiment control and data acquisition are prepared for plasma operation lasting 30 min. This requires many new technological approaches for plasma heating and diagnostics as well as new concepts for experiment control and data acquisition.

Bosch, H.-S. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Wolf, R. C. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Andreeva, T. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Cardella, A [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Erckmann, V. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Gantenbein, G [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Hathiramani, D [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Kasparek, W [Universitat Stuttgart, Institute fur Plasmaforschung, Germany] [Universitat Stuttgart, Institute fur Plasmaforschung, Germany; Klinger, T. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Koenig, R [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Kornejew, P [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Laqua, H P [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Lechte, C [Universitat Stuttgart, Institute fur Plasmaforschung, Germany] [Universitat Stuttgart, Institute fur Plasmaforschung, Germany; Michel, G [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Peacock, A. [Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, EURATOM Association, Garching, Germany; Sunn Pedersen, T [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Thumm, M [Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, IHM, EURATOM Association, Karlsruhe, Germany] [Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, IHM, EURATOM Association, Karlsruhe, Germany; Turkin, Yu. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Wegener, Lutz [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Werner, A. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Zhang, D [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Beidler, C. [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany] [Max-Planck-Institute for Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, Greifswald, Germany; Bozhenkov, S. [EURATOM-Association, Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics, Greifswald, Germany] [EURATOM-Association, Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics, Greifswald, Germany; Brown, T. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)] [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Steady and Unsteady Wind Loading of Buildings and Structures [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...terrain are briefly discussed. For design based on steady wind loadings the design wind speed is dependent on the acceptable degree of risk. Force and pressure coefficients may be influenced by Reynolds number, surface roughness, wind characteristics...

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 3 A steady-state simulation model for a water-to-water  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASHRAE Transactions: Research 3 ABSTRACT A steady-state simulation model for a water Reciprocating vapor compression heat pumps and chill- ers have been the target of a number of simulation models

104

Coupling Effects during Steady-State Solute Diffusion through a Semipermeable Clay Membrane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two separate coupling effects are evaluated with respect to steady-state potassium chloride (KCl) diffusion through a bentonite-based geosynthetic clay liner (GCL) that behaves as a semipermeable membrane. Both of the coupling effects are correlated with ...

Michael A. Malusis; Charles D. Shackelford

2002-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

105

Conformational stability, flexibility, and steady-state activity of Ribonuclease T1 variants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY, FLEXIBILITY, AND STEADY ? STATE ACTIVITY OF RIBONUCLEASE T1 VARIANTS A Thesis by BRIAN JUDSON HUBBARD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1995 Major Subject: Chemistry CONFORMATIONAL STABILITY, FLEXIBILITY, AND STEADY ? STATE ACTIVITY OF RIBONUCLEASE Tl VARIANTS A Thesis by BRIAN JUDSON HUBBARD Submitted to Texas A8dVl University in partial...

Hubbard, Brian Judson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

106

Scour about a cylindrical pile due to steady and oscillatory motion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCOUR ABOUT A CYLINDRICAL PILE DUE TO STEADY AND OSCILLATORY MOTION A Thesis by SCDTT FRANKLYN ARMBRUST Subm'itted to the Graduate College of Texas AtLM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1982 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering SCOUR ABOUT A CYLINDRICAL PILE DUE TO STEADY AND OSCILLATORY MOTION A Thesis by SCOTT FRANICLYN ARMBRUST Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee Head of Department) Member ember...

Armbrust, Scott Franklyn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

107

The application of continuation methods in solving steady-state distillation problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE APPLICATION OF CONTINUATION METHODS IN SOLVING STEADY-STATE DISTILLATION PROBLEMS A Thesis by NARK FRANCIS ELLIS Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degr ee... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1985 Major Subject: Chemical Engineer ing THE APPLICATION OF CONTINUATION METHODS IN SOLVING STEADY-STATE DISTILLATION PROBLEMS A Thesis by MARK FRANCIS ELLIS Approved as to style and content by: C. D. lland (Chairman...

Ellis, Mark Francis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

On the 3D steady flow of a second grade fluid past an obstacle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study steady flow of a second grade fluid past an obstacle in three space dimensions. We prove existence of solution in weighted Lebesgue spaces with anisotropic weights and thus existence of the wake region behind the obstacle. We use properties of the fundamental Oseen tensor together with results achieved in \\cite{Koch} and properties of solutions to steady transport equation to get up to arbitrarily small $\\ep$ the same decay as the Oseen fundamental solution.

Pawe? Konieczny; Ond?ej Kreml

2010-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

109

The backflow cell model of steady state flow reactors with axial dispersion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE BACKFLOW CELL MODEL OF STEADY STATE FLOW REACTORS WITH AXIAL DISPERSION A Thesis By John Thomas Baldwin Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A/M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1966 Major Subject;. Chemical Engineering THE BACKFLOW CELL MODEL OF STEADY STATE FLOW REACTORS WITH AXIAL DISPERSION A Thesis By John Thomas Baldwin Approved as to style and content by: C airman o ommittee ea o epartment (Member...

Baldwin, John Thomas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

110

Application of variational techniques for parametric studies of steady-state controlled thermonuclear reactor blankets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF VARIATIONAL TECHNIQUES FOR PARAMETRIC STUDIES OF STEADY-STATE CONTROLLED THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR BLANKETS A Thesis JAMES DAVID PEARCE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A6M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OP SCIENCE May 1975 Ma)or Subject: Nuclear Engineering APPLICATION OF VARIATIONAL TECHNIQUES FOR PARAMETRIC STUDIES OF STEADY-STATE CONTROLLED THERMONUCLEAR REACTOR BLANKETS A Thesis by JAMES DAVID PEARCE Approved...

Pearce, James David

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Molar Growth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molar Growth Molar Growth Name: Daniel Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What animals have molars that grow continuously ? Replies: No mammals that I or my colleagues are aware of, only some few whose incisors grow continuously. J. Elliott Most vertebrates are "polyphyodonts" meaning that they replace teeth continuously through out their lives. All the teeth aren't replaced at once, but in waves so that the animals always have functional teeth around those that are lost. Most mammals are "diphyodonts", which means that they have only 2 sets of teeth: baby teeth and adult teeth. The teeth of herbivore mammals, those which eat grasses, seem to grow throughout their lives. But really, the teeth are very long and extend far down into the jaws. They gradually move up in the jaw toward the surface over time, with the area beneath them filling in with bone.

112

Economic Growth Policies & Economic Growth Theory Influences.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The aim of this thesis is to describe the presence of theories for economic growth in municipalities economic growth strategies, and to compare the (more)

Hallden, Sophie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Eyeball Growth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Eyeball Growth Eyeball Growth Name: Jade Hawk Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Okay, I know I'm supposed to be able to answer questions here, but a friend who teaches grades 7 & 8 general science wants to know if the human eyeball is fully grown at birth. I checked my references, which are rather limited when it comes to human physiology, and found nothing. Can anyone help? Replies: The eye will still develop in size, pigmentation, and neurologically but I don't have the details here at hand. A kitten is born with eyes even more immature than human babies. Besides having sealed eyes that take about a week to open, they have retinas that a avascularized and need to undergo neovascularization to properly nourish and oxygenate the tissue. We have used the kitten to study retinopathy of prematurity, a condition caused in part by increased inspired oxygen. The kitten is also used in the study of diabetic retinopathy which a I think is the leading cause of blindness in the US. Look up publications by Dale Phelps, MD.

114

Constraints On The Mechanism Of Long-Term, Steady Subsidence At Medicine  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Constraints On The Mechanism Of Long-Term, Steady Subsidence At Medicine Constraints On The Mechanism Of Long-Term, Steady Subsidence At Medicine Lake Volcano, Northern California, From Gps, Leveling, And Insar Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Constraints On The Mechanism Of Long-Term, Steady Subsidence At Medicine Lake Volcano, Northern California, From Gps, Leveling, And Insar Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Leveling surveys across Medicine Lake volcano (MLV) have documented subsidence that is centered on the summit caldera and decays symmetrically on the flanks of the edifice. Possible mechanisms for this deformation include fluid withdrawal from a subsurface reservoir, cooling/crystallization of subsurface magma, loading by the volcano and dense intrusions, and crustal thinning due to tectonic extension (Dzurisin

115

Coherent quantum dynamics in steady-state manifolds of strongly dissipative systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been recently realized that dissipative processes can be harnessed and exploited to the end of coherent quantum control and information processing. In this spirit we consider strongly dissipative quantum systems admitting a non-trivial manifold of steady states. We show how one can enact adiabatic coherent unitary manipulations e.g., quantum logical gates, inside this steady-state manifold by adding a weak, time-rescaled, Hamiltonian term into the system's Liouvillian. The effective long-time dynamics is governed by a Fermi golden rule type Hamiltonian which results from the interplay between the weak unitary control and the fast relaxation process. The leakage outside the steady-state manifold entailed by the Hamiltonian term is suppressed by an environment-induced symmetrization of the dynamics. We present applications to quantum-computation in decoherence-free subspaces and noiseless subsystems and numerical analysis of non-adiabatic errors.

Paolo Zanardi; Lorenzo Campos Venuti

2014-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

116

Steam generator steady-state model for on-line data validation. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To develop an efficient algorithm for on-line plant-wide data validation and fault identification fast running computer models that adequately describe the different plant processes are required. For example, if the data validation interval is of the order of one second, these models must be running faster than one second. This paper presents a fast running model for steady-state analysis of a once-through LMFBR steam generator. In computer codes like DSNP and SASSYS, the computation time for steady-state analysis of a typical once-through LMFBR steam generator is approx. 5 to 7 seconds. This time imposes excessively long validation intervals.

Tzanos, C.P.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

SUPERENERGY-2: a multiassembly, steady-state computer code for LMFBR core thermal-hydraulic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Core thermal-hydraulic design and performance analyses for Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactors (LMFBRs) require repeated detailed multiassembly calculations to determine radial temperature profiles and subchannel outlet temperatures for various core configurations and subassembly structural analyses. At steady-state, detailed core-wide temperature profiles are required for core restraint calculations and subassembly structural analysis. In addition, sodium outlet temperatures are routinely needed for each reactor operating cycle. The SUPERENERGY-2 thermal-hydraulic code was designed specifically to meet these designer needs. It is applicable only to steady-state, forced-convection flow in LMFBR core geometries.

Basehore, K.L.; Todreas, N.E.

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

U-Tube Steam Generator experiments: steady state and transients analysis using RELAP5/MOD 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. IV. 4 Results of Code Modifications on Systesn Steady State . IV. 5 Analysis of Semiscale MOD-2C. ' Steady State Results. . . 23 24 28 32 33 TRANSIENT ANALYSIS V. 1 Introduction V. 2 Test Procedure and Performance of LOF Test Vo. l . V. 3... RELAP5/MOD 2 Transient Sinmlation of LOF Test . 41 41 4-1 VI CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMiIENDATIOVS . . 57 Vl. 1 C'onclusions Page VI. 2 Recommendations NOMENCLATURE . 60 REFERENCES 62 APPENDIX A ? MODEL BOILER N0. 2 RELAP5/MOD 2(36. 04 MODEL . VITA...

Kalyanasundaram, Mathangi

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

119

Local Wettability Reversal during Steady-State Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of local wettability reversal on remobilizing immobile fluid clusters in steady-state two-phase flow in porous media. We consider a two dimensional network model for porous medium and introduce a wettability alteration mechanism. A qualitative change in the steady state flow patterns, destabilizing the percolating and trapped clusters, is observed as the system wettability is varied. When capillary forces are strong a finite wettability alteration is necessary to move the system from single-phase to two-phase flow regime. For the case of both phases being mobile we find a linear relationship between fractional flow and wettability alteration.

Sinha, Santanu; degrden, Torgeir Bryge; Skjetne, Erik; Hansen, Alex; 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.037303

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Steady state whistler turbulence and stability of thermal barriers in tandem mirrors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of the whistler turbulence on anisotropic electrons in a thermal barrier is examined. The electron distribution function is derived self?consistently by solving the steady state quasilinear diffusion equation. Saturated amplitudes are computed using the resonance broadening theory or convective stabilization. Estimated power levels necessary for sustaining the steady state of a strongly anisotropic electron population are found to exceed by orders of magnitude the estimates based on FokkerPlanck calculations for the range of parameters of tandem mirror (TMX?U and MFTF?B) experiments [Nucl. Fusion 2 5 1205 (1985)]. Upper limits on the allowed degree of anisotropy for existing power densities are calculated.

C. Litwin; R. N. Sudan

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Steady state whistler turbulence and stability of thermal barriers in tandem mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the whistler turbulence on anisotropic electrons in a thermal barrier is examined. The electron distribution function is derived self-consistently by solving the steady state quasilinear diffusion equation. Saturated amplitudes are computed using the resonance broadening theory or convective stabilization. Estimated power levels necessary for sustaining the steady state of a strongly anisotropic electron population are found to exceed by orders of magnitude the estimates based on Fokker--Planck calculations for the range of parameters of tandem mirror (TMX-U and MFTF-B) experiments (Nucl. Fusion 25, 1205 (1985)). Upper limits on the allowed degree of anisotropy for existing power densities are calculated.

Litwin, C.; Sudan, R.N.

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Projected growth effects of the biotechnology industry in Finland: the fourth pillar of the economy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of the Finnish biotechnology industry on economic growth in Finland. The study employs official data from Statistics Finland and new survey data covering 84 Finnish biotechnology companies. An econometric forecast for the economy-wide growth impact of the biotechnology industry in Finland is presented. In the estimation procedure, this study employs the survey data both in forming growth anticipations within a new emerging industry and assessing inter-industrial growth effects. Applied Monte Carlo simulations predict that the contribution of the biotechnology industry to annual GDP growth in 2002??2006 will be in the range of 0.05??0.09 percentage points per annum with a probability of 90%. These results imply that it will take decades rather than years for the biotechnology industry to become a fourth pillar of the Finnish economy beside the forest industry, the metal products and machinery industry, and the electronics industry.

Raine Hermans; Martti Kulvik

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Fault Wear by Damage Evolution During Steady-State Slip VLADIMIR LYAKHOVSKY,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the wear leads to the establishment of gouge and cataclasite zones (Fig. 1b) that range in thickness fromFault Wear by Damage Evolution During Steady-State Slip VLADIMIR LYAKHOVSKY,1 AMIR SAGY,1 YUVAL BONEH,2 and ZE'EV RECHES 3 Abstract--Slip along faults generates wear products such as gouge layers

Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

124

Verification of steady-state temperature predictions in an instrumented LMFBR driver subassembly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose of this paper is to compare the predicted steady-state coolant temperatures obtained by a thermal-hydraulic computer code with the measured coolant temperatures obtained from the instrumented LMFBR subassembly XX09 during reactor run 129C while the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) was essentially at full power and flow conditions.

Betten, P.R.; Feldman, E.E.; Chang, L.K.; Mohr, D.; Planchon, H.P.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Steady Improved Confinement in FTU High Field Plasmas Sustained by Deep Pellet Injection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steady Improved Confinement in FTU High Field Plasmas Sustained by Deep Pellet Injection D at the maximum nominal toroidal field (8 T), and lower, by deep multiple pellet injection. These plasmas featured thermal losses are reduced and the total fusion reaction rate is optimized with respect to the input power

Vlad, Gregorio

126

Steady State Flammable Gas Release Rate Calculation and Lower Flammability Level Evaluation for Hanford Tank Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work is to assess the steady-state flammability level at normal and off-normal ventilation conditions in the tank dome space for 177 double-shell and single-shell tanks at Hanford. Hydrogen generation rate was calculated for 177 tanks using rate equation model developed recently.

HU, T.A.

2000-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

127

Quadratic voltage profiles in lead acid cells during slow, steady processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is standard lore that the voltage profile varies linearly in space within the electrolyte of a lead acid cell under slow, steady discharge. However, this hypothesis has never been put to the test. A recent theory predicts a uniform, non...

Haaser, Robert Anthony

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Preconditioned lattice-Boltzmann method for steady flows Zhaoli Guo, T. S. Zhao,* and Yong Shi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Preconditioned lattice-Boltzmann method for steady flows Zhaoli Guo, T. S. Zhao,* and Yong Shi can be enhanced as much as an order of magnitude compared to the standard lattice Boltzmann method.60.Cb, 02.70.Bf I. INTRODUCTION The lattice-Boltzmann method (LBM) developed about a decade ago

Zhao, Tianshou

129

Steady Propagation Speed for Ram Accelerators1 Joseph M. Powers2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steady Propagation Speed for Ram Accelerators1 Joseph M. Powers2 , Antonio C´ardenas3 , and Matthew. Such a geometry better represents the physical characteristics of exper- imental ram accelerators, in which projectiles have been accelerated to over 3000 m s . The model employs finite rate chemistry with simple one

130

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF POOL BOILING FOR STEADY STATE AND TRANSIENT HEATING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF POOL BOILING FOR STEADY STATE AND TRANSIENT HEATING Ying He, Masahiro role in nucleate and transition boiling heat transfer at high heat flux. Many experiments have been in the numerical simulation of boiling heat transfer. In this study, based on the macrolayer evaporation model

Maruyama, Shigeo

131

Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Steady-state operational degrees of freedom with application to refrigeration cycles Jørgen Bauck charge as a possible degree of freedom in cyclic processes. Additional degrees of freedom related to com- position of the circulating refrigerant are also discussed. Two LNG processes of current interest, the C3

Skogestad, Sigurd

132

Metabolic cycling in single yeast cells from unsynchronized steady-state populations limited on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Metabolic cycling in single yeast cells from unsynchronized steady-state populations limited fraction of yeast genes are associated with the "metabolic cycle," usually seen only in prestarved the predicted oscillations. We conclude that the yeast metabolic cycle is an intrinsic property of yeast

Botstein, David

133

ECE 331 Electromechanical Energy Conversion Catalog Description: Energy conversion principles for electric motors. Steady-state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Introduction to drives and power electronics in control of electric machines, including switch-mode PWM (ABET Outcomes A, C, E, j, k) Learning Resources: Electric Machines and Drives: A First Course, Ned for electric motors. Steady-state characteristics and analysis of induction, synchronous and direct current

134

Calibrating Steady-State Traffic Stream and Car-Following Models Using Loop Detector Data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The research reported in this paper develops a heuristic automated tool (SPD_CAL) for calibrating steady-state traffic stream and car-following models using loop detector data. The performance of the automated procedure is then compared to off-the-shelf ... Keywords: calibration of traffic simulation software, car-following models, traffic modeling, traffic stream models

Hesham Rakha; Mazen Arafeh

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Comparison of Field Performance to Steady-State Performance for Two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiencies of these systems under field conditions. Steady-state performance data for individual heat pump reversal to defrost, by duty cycling, and by resort to electric resistance elements to supplement heating data on the seasonal performance of air-to-air residential heat pump systems. The purpose of this paper

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

136

STEADY STATE FLAMMABLE GAS RELEASE RATE CALCULATION AND LOWER FLAMMABILITY LEVEL EVALUATION FOR HANFORD TANK WASTE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assess the steady-state flammability level at normal and off-normal ventilation conditions. The hydrogen generation rate was calculated for 177 tanks using the rate equation model. Flammability calculations based on hydrogen, ammonia, and methane were performed for 177 tanks for various scenarios.

HU TA

2009-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

137

Modulated reconnection rate and energy conversion at the magnetopause under steady IMF conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulated reconnection rate and energy conversion at the magnetopause under steady IMF conditions L conversion across the dayside high-latitude magnetopause. The energy conversion is estimated during eleven describe a new method to determine the reconnection rate from the magnitude of the local energy conversion

California at Berkeley, University of

138

Bridging the Gap: Automated Steady Scaffoldings for 3D Printing Jrmie Dumas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridging the Gap: Automated Steady Scaffoldings for 3D Printing J�r�mie Dumas Universit� de Figure 1: The upper leg of the Poppy robot (www.poppy-project.org) cannot be 3D printed on low cost FDM usage. Abstract Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) is the process of 3D printing ob- jects from melted

Lévy, Bruno

139

System and method for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor providing steady-state generation of the thermonuclear power. A dense, hot toroidal plasma is initially prepared with a confining magnetic field with toroidal and poloidal components. Continuous wave RF energy is injected into said plasma to establish a spectrum of traveling waves in the plasma, where the traveling waves have momentum components substantially either all parallel, or all anti-parallel to the confining magnetic field. The injected RF energy is phased to couple to said traveling waves with both a phase velocity component and a wave momentum component in the direction of the plasma traveling wave components. The injected RF energy has a predetermined spectrum selected so that said traveling waves couple to plasma electrons having velocities in a predetermined range .DELTA.. The velocities in the range are substantially greater than the thermal electron velocity of the plasma. In addition, the range is sufficiently broad to produce a raised plateau having width .DELTA. in the plasma electron velocity distribution so that the plateau electrons provide steady-state current to generate a poloidal magnetic field component sufficient for confining the plasma. In steady state operation of the fusion reactor, the fusion power density in the plasma exceeds the power dissipated in the plasma.

Fisch, Nathaniel J. (Cambridge, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

System and method for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system for generating steady state confining current for a toroidal plasma fusion reactor providing steady-state generation of the thermonuclear power. A dense, hot toroidal plasma is initially prepared with a confining magnetic field with toroidal and poloidal components. Continuous wave RF energy is injected into said plasma to estalish a spectrum of traveling waves in the plasma, where the traveling waves have momentum components substantially either all parallel, or all anti-parallel to the confining magnetic field. The injected RF energy is phased to couple to said traveling waves with both a phase velocity component and a wave momentum component in the direction of the plasma traveling wave components. The injected RF energy has a predetermined spectrum selected so that said traveling waves couple to plasma electrons having velocities in a predetermined range .DELTA.. The velocities in the range are substantially greater than the thermal electron velocity of the plasma. In addition, the range is sufficiently broad to produce a raised plateau having width .DELTA. in the plasma electron velocity distribution so that the plateau electrons provide steady-state current to generate a poloidal magnetic field component sufficient for confining the plasma. In steady state operation of the fusion reactor, the fusion power density in the plasma exceeds the power dissipated inthe plasma.

Bers, Abraham (Arlington, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Steady-state directional diffuse reflectance and fluorescence of human skin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or tissue of interest to excitation light (typically UV) and measuring the flu- orescence emission spectrum or diffuse according to whether a laser or a diffuse light source is used. These measurements can be carried by a high- speed detection system. The advantage of time- resolved over steady-state measurements

Pilon, Laurent

142

Heat transfer characteristics of impinging steady and synthetic jets over vertical flat surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, heat transfer characteristics of single-slot impinging steady and synthetic jets on a 25.4-mmנ25.4-mm vertical surface were experimentally investigated. The experiments were conducted with a fixed nozzle width of 1mm. For the steady jet study, the parameters varied in the testing were nozzle length (4mm, 8mm, 12mm, 15mm), Reynolds (Re) number (1002500), and dimensionless nozzle-to-plate spacing (H/Dh=5, 10, 15, 20). Correlations for average Nusselt (Nu) number were developed to accurately describe experimental data. The heat transfer coefficient over a vertical surface increases with increasing Re number. For a small nozzle-to-plate spacing (H/Dh=5), the average Nu number is not only a function of the Re number, but also a function of nozzle length. For large nozzle-to-plate spacing (H/Dh?10) and a nozzle length larger than 8mm, the heat transfer coefficient is insensitive to H/Dh and nozzle length. An 8-mmנ1-mm synthetic jet was studied by varying the applied voltage (20100V), frequency (200600Hz), and dimensionless nozzle-to-plate spacing (H/Dh=5, 10, 15, 20). Compared to the steady jet, the synthetic jet exhibited up to a 40% increase in the heat transfer coefficient. The dynamic Re number was introduced to correlate heat transfer characteristics between synthetic jets and steady jets. Using the dynamic Re number collapses the synthetic and steady jet data into a single Nu number curve.

Xin He; Jason A. Lustbader; Mehmet Arik; Rajdeep Sharma

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Stochastic quasi-steady state approximations for asymptotic solutions of the chemical master equation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose two methods to carry out the quasi-steady state approximation in stochastic models of enzyme catalytic regulation, based on WKB asymptotics of the chemical master equation or of the corresponding partial differential equation for the generating function. The first of the methods we propose involves the development of multiscale generalisation of a WKB approximation of the solution of the master equation, where the separation of time scales is made explicit which allows us to apply the quasi-steady state approximation in a straightforward manner. To the lowest order, the multi-scale WKB method provides a quasi-steady state, Gaussian approximation of the probability distribution. The second method is based on the Hamilton-Jacobi representation of the stochastic process where, as predicted by large deviation theory, the solution of the partial differential equation for the corresponding characteristic function is given in terms of an effective action functional. The optimal transition paths between two states are then given by those paths that maximise the effective action. Such paths are the solutions of the Hamilton equations for the Hamiltonian associated to the effective action functional. The quasi-steady state approximation is applied to the Hamilton equations thus providing an approximation to the optimal transition paths and the transition time between two states. Using this approximation we predict that, unlike the mean-field quasi-steady approximation result, the rate of enzyme catalysis depends explicitly on the initial number of enzyme molecules. The accuracy and validity of our approximated results as well as that of our predictions regarding the behaviour of the stochastic enzyme catalytic models are verified by direct simulation of the stochastic model using Gillespie stochastic simulation algorithm.

Alarcn, Toms [Centre de Recerca Matemtica, Edifici C, Campus de Bellaterra, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain) [Centre de Recerca Matemtica, Edifici C, Campus de Bellaterra, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Departament de Matemtiques, Universitat Atonma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain)

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

144

Florida Growth Fund (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Florida Growth Fund can provide investments in technology and growth-related companies through co-investments with other institutional investors. The Fund awards preference to companies...

145

Optimal Strategic Petroleum Reserve Policies: A Steady State Analysis Author(s): Shmuel S. Oren and Shao Hong Wan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Strategic Petroleum Reserve Policies: A Steady State Analysis Author(s): Shmuel S. Oren.S.A. OPTIMAL STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE POLICIES: A STEADY STATE ANALYSIS* SHMUEL S. OREN AND SHAO HONG WAN Petroleum Reserve (SPR) under a variety of supply and demand conditions. The optimal policy variables

Oren, Shmuel S.

146

Two-Phase Steady Detonation Analysis J.M. Powers, D.S. Stewart, and H. Krier  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-Phase Steady Detonation Analysis J.M. Powers, D.S. Stewart, and H. Krier Reprinted from-Phase Steady Detonation Analysis J.M. Powers,· D. S. Stewart,t and H. Krier:j: _ University of Illinois equations are studied to test the hypothesis that observed deviations from Chapman- Jouguet (C-J) detonation

147

Regime Transitions of Steady and Time-Dependent Hadley Circulations: Comparison of Axisymmetric and Eddy-Permitting Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regime Transitions of Steady and Time-Dependent Hadley Circulations: Comparison of Axisymmetric August 2009, in final form 25 November 2009) ABSTRACT Steady-state and time-dependent Hadley circulations is progressively displaced off the equator or varied in time to study how the Hadley circulation responds

Bordoni, Simona

148

Regime transitions of steady and time-dependent Hadley circulations: Comparison of axisymmetric and eddy-permitting simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regime transitions of steady and time-dependent Hadley circulations: Comparison of axisymmetric of the Atmospheric Sciences. Revised 25 November 2009) ABSTRACT Steady-state and time-dependent Hadley circulations is progressively displaced off the equator or varied in time to study how the Hadley circulation responds

Heaton, Thomas H.

149

Growth through conservation: DSM in Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mexico's electricity consumption is expected to grow at an average annual rate of about 6 percent between 1992 and 2000; a slightly higher growth rate is anticipated in the industrial sector. To meet this demand, the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Mexico's national utility, plans to build almost 14,000 MW of additional generating capacity, which is to come on line between 1993 and 2000 at an estimated cost of US $34 billion (including additional transmission and distribution investments). In 2000, such a capacity expansion would represent a 78-percent increase over 1990. As a result, CFE faces substantial increases in its external indebtedness in the 1990s, and unattractive option for a utility that had already accumulated nearly $1 billion in external debt as of the end of 1991. Significant growth in CFE's indebtedness would represent a setback for a nation that has worked diligently over several years to contain and reduce nearly unmanageable levels of external public-sector debt. Additionally, there are large, competing capital requirements in Mexico for other public services, such as roads, water, and sewage systems. It is in this context that Mexico is considering alternatives to the conventional approach to capacity expansion and is exploring a complementary alternative: demand-side management (DSM). Compared to other countries in Latin America, Mexico is well ahead in implementing both innovative tariff mechanisms and pilot projects.

Rodriguez, I.; Wolcott, D.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Quantitative broadband absorption and scattering spectroscopy in turbid media by combined frequency-domain and steady state methodologies  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A technique for measuring broadband near-infrared absorption spectra of turbid media that uses a combination of frequency-domain and steady-state reflectance methods. Most of the wavelength coverage is provided by a white-light steady-state measurement, whereas the frequency-domain data are acquired at a few selected wavelengths. Coefficients of absorption and reduced scattering derived from the frequency-domain data are used to calibrate the intensity of the steady-state measurements and to determine the reduced scattering coefficient at all wavelengths in the spectral window of interest. The absorption coefficient spectrum is determined by comparing the steady-state reflectance values with the predictions of diffusion theory, wavelength by wavelength. Absorption spectra of a turbid phantom and of human breast tissue in vivo, derived with the combined frequency-domain and steady-state technique, agree well with expected reference values.

Tromberg, Bruce J. (Irvine, CA); Berger, Andrew J. (Rochester, NY); Cerussi, Albert E. (Lake Forest, CA); Bevilacqua, Frederic (Costa Mesa, CA); Jakubowski, Dorota (Irvine, CA)

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

151

Modeling Anticipations on Financial Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(1) A strong approach: The investor knows the functional ? by ?. .... This is a classical assumption of the theory of the initial enlargement of the filtration F by .... 0?tdensity process of Py with respect to P (see Remark 4). .... we recall some basic definitions of stochastic analysis (for further details we refer to the book.

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

152

From Emerging to Mainstream: The Growth of the Global Clean Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

From Emerging to Mainstream: The Growth of the Global Clean Energy From Emerging to Mainstream: The Growth of the Global Clean Energy Marketplace From Emerging to Mainstream: The Growth of the Global Clean Energy Marketplace January 17, 2013 - 5:31pm Addthis Over the past decade, clean energy generation has experienced a steady rise. | Graphic courtesy of the Energy Information Administration. Over the past decade, clean energy generation has experienced a steady rise. | Graphic courtesy of the Energy Information Administration. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I learn more? Read The Pew Charitable Trust's full report on the global clean energy marketplace here. A new study, released today by the Pew Charitable Trust, analyzes the past, present and future of the global clean energy marketplace. Worldwide, the

153

Transient and steady-state dark current mechanisms in amorphous selenium avalanche radiation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical model for describing bias-dependent transient and steady-state behaviors of dark current in amorphous selenium (a-Se) avalanche detector structures has been developed. The analytical model considers bulk thermal generation current from mid-gap sates, transient carrier depletion, and carrier injection from the electrodes incorporating avalanche multiplication. The proposed physics-based dark current model is compared with the published experimental results on three potential a-Se avalanche detector structures. The steady-state dark current is the minimum for the structures that have effective blocking layers for both holes and electrons. The transient decay time to reach a plateau decreases considerably with increasing electric field.

Kabir, M. Z.; Imam, Safayat-Al [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Blvd. de Maisonneuve West, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1M8 (Canada)] [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 Blvd. de Maisonneuve West, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1M8 (Canada)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

154

Propagation Distance Required to Reach Steady-State Detonation Velocity in Finite-Sized Charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The decay of a detonation wave from its initial CJ velocity to its final, steady state velocity upon encountering a finite thickness or diameter charge is investigated numerically and theoretically. The numerical simulations use an ideal gas equation of state and pressure dependent reaction rate in order to ensure a stable wave structure. The confinement is also treated as an ideal gas with variable impedance. The velocity decay along the centerline is extracted from the simulations and compared to predictions base on a front evolution equation that uses the steady state detonation velocity-front curvature relation ($D_n-\\kappa$). This model fails to capture the finite signaling speed of the leading rarefaction resulting from the interaction with the yielding confinement. This signaling speed is verified to be the maximum signal velocity occurring in the ideal ZND wave structure of the initial CJ velocity. A simple heuristic model based on the rarefaction generated by a one-dimensional interaction between the...

Li, Jianling; Higgins, Andrew J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Steady-state analysis of doubly fed induction generators for wind turbines using MATLAB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A wind energy conversion system (WECS) differs from a conventional power system. The power output of a conventional power plant can be controlled whereas; the power output of a WECS depends on the wind. This nature of WECS makes it difficult for analysis, design and management. Various approaches have been developed to study the behaviour of WECS. In this paper, the steady-state characteristics of a WECS using doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) are analysed using MATLAB. The dynamic steady-state simulation model of the DFIG is developed using MATLAB. Simulation analysis is performed to investigate a variety of DFIG characteristics, including torque-speed, real and reactive-power over speed characteristics. Based on the analysis, the DFIG operating characteristics are studied.

B. Baby Priya; A. Chilambuchelvan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Exponential approach to, and properties of, a non-equilibrium steady state in a dilute gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate a kinetic model of a system in contact with several thermal reservoirs at different temperatures $T_\\alpha$. Our system is a spatially uniform dilute gas whose internal dynamics is described by the nonlinear Boltzmann equation with Maxwellian collisions. Similarly, the interaction with reservoir $\\alpha$ is represented by a Markovian process that has the Maxwellian $M_{T_\\alpha}$ as its stationary state. We prove existence and uniqueness of a non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) and show exponential convergence to this NESS in a metric on probability measures introduced into the study of Maxwellian collisions by Gabetta, Toscani and Wenberg (GTW). This shows that the GTW distance between the current velocity distribution to the steady-state velocity distribution is a Lyapunov functional for the system. We also derive expressions for the entropy production in the system plus the reservoirs which is always positive.

Eric A. Carlen; Joel L. Lebowitz; Clement Mouhot

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

157

Robust random number generation using steady-state emission of gain-switched laser diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate robust, high-speed random number generation using interference of the steady-state emission of guaranteed random phases, obtained through gain-switching a semiconductor laser diode. Steady-state emission tolerates large temporal pulse misalignments and therefore significantly improves the interference quality. Using an 8-bit digitizer followed by a finite-impulse-response unbiasing algorithm, we achieve random number generation rates of 8 and 20?Gb/s, for laser repetition rates of 1 and 2.5?GHz, respectively, with a 20% tolerance in the interferometer differential delay. We also report a generation rate of 80?Gb/s using partially phase-correlated short pulses. In relation to the field of quantum key distribution, our results confirm the gain-switched laser diode as a suitable light source, capable of providing phase-randomized coherent pulses at a clock rate of up to 2.5?GHz.

Yuan, Z. L., E-mail: zhiliang.yuan@crl.toshiba.co.uk; Lucamarini, M.; Dynes, J. F.; Frhlich, B.; Plews, A.; Shields, A. J. [Toshiba Research Europe Limited, Cambridge Research Laboratory, 208 Cambridge Science Park, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 0GZ (United Kingdom)

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

158

A fully implicit method for 3D quasi-steady state magnetic advection-diffusion.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the implementation of a prototype fully implicit method for solving three-dimensional quasi-steady state magnetic advection-diffusion problems. This method allows us to solve the magnetic advection diffusion equations in an Eulerian frame with a fixed, user-prescribed velocity field. We have verified the correctness of method and implementation on two standard verification problems, the Solberg-White magnetic shear problem and the Perry-Jones-White rotating cylinder problem.

Siefert, Christopher; Robinson, Allen Conrad

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Arc plasma generator of atomic driver for steady-state negative ion source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper reviews the results of development of steady-state arc-discharge plasma generator with directly heated LaB{sub 6} cathode. This arc-discharge plasma generator produces a plasma jet which is to be converted into an atomic one after recombination on a metallic plate. The plate is electrically biased relative to the plasma in order to control the atom energies. Such an intensive jet of hydrogen atoms can be used in negative ion sources for effective production of negative ions on a cesiated surface of plasma grid. All elements of the plasma generator have an augmented water cooling to operate in long pulse mode or in steady state. The thermo-mechanical stresses and deformations of the most critical elements of the plasma generator were determined by simulations. Magnetic field inside the discharge chamber was optimized to reduce the local power loads. The first tests of the steady-state arc plasma generator prototype have performed in long-pulse mode.

Ivanov, A. A.; Belchenko, Yu. I.; Davydenko, V. I. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation) [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Ivanov, I. A.; Kolmogorov, V. V.; Listopad, A. A., E-mail: a.a.listopad@inp.nsk.su; Mishagin, V. V.; Shulzhenko, G. I. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)] [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Putvinsky, S. V.; Smirnov, A. [Tri Alpha Energy Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)] [Tri Alpha Energy Inc., Rancho Santa Margarita, California 92688 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. EV Sales Skyrocketing. eGallon Holds Steady. July 19, 2013 - 8:45am Addthis eGallon: Compare the costs of driving with electricity What is eGallon? It is the cost of fueling a vehicle with electricity compared to a similar vehicle that runs on gasoline. Did you know? On average, it costs about 3 times less to drive an electric vehicle. Find out how much it costs to fuel an electric vehicle in your state regular gasoline 0 6 4 1 0 3 · 0 2 0 4 8 6 0 8 9 2 3 5 0 electric eGallon 0 4 1 7 2 3 3 · 0 4 2 0 4 6 0 8 5 9 1 5 0 Data and Methodology The eGallon price is calculated using the most recently available state by state residential electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Ring-shaped luminescence pattern in biased quantum wells studied as a steady-state reaction front  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Under certain conditions, focused laser excitation in semiconductor quantum well structures can lead to a charge separation and a circular reaction front, which is visible as a ring-shaped photoluminescence pattern. The diffusion-reaction equations governing the system are studied here with the aim of a detailed understanding of the steady state. The qualitative asymmetry in the sources for the two carriers is found to lead to unusual effects which dramatically affect the steady-state configuration. Analytic expressions are derived for carrier distributions and interface positions for a number of cases. These are compared with steady-state information obtained from simulations of the diffusion-reaction equations.

Masudul Haque

2006-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

60 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 27, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 1999 Plasmoid Formation and Multiple Steady States in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Richard S. Wise, and Alison A. Kubota Abstract-- Hysteresis and multiple steady states have been observed Laboratory, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-4792 USA (e-mail: economou@uh.edu). R. S. Wise

Economou, Demetre J.

163

Steady-State Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Benazeprilat in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) and WistarKyoto (WKY) Rats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effects of the simultaneous steady-state intravenous infusion of benazeprilat, the active metabolite of benazepril HC1, and angiotensin I (AI) on mean arterial blood pressure were investigated in the consciou...

Sheryl LeRoy; Bret Berner

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Transition dynamics between the multiple steady states in natural ventilation systems : from theories to applications in optimal controls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, we investigated the multiple steady state behavior, an important observation in numerical and experimental studies in natural ventilation systems. The-oretical models are developed and their applications in ...

Yuan, Jinchao

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Growth strains and creep in thermally grown alumina : oxide growth mechanisms.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ measurements of growth strains and creep relaxation in {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} films, isothermally grown on {beta}-NiAl alloys at 1100 C, are reported and analyzed. Samples containing the reactive element Zr, and Zr-free samples, are examined. For Zr-free samples, steady state growth strains are compressive, whereas the growth strains are tensile when the reactive element (RE) is added to the alloy. This behavior is attributed to the counterflow of oxygen and aluminum interstitials, and to simultaneous counterflow of oxygen and aluminum vacancies, all moving through the grain boundaries. Cross diffusing oxygen and aluminum interstitials may merge and combine within the film, forming new oxide along grain boundary walls, a mechanism that leads to an in-plane compressive stress. Cross diffusing oxygen and aluminum vacancies will also merge and combine within the film; in this case material is removed from grain boundary walls, a mechanism that leads to an in-plane tensile stress. When no RE is present, the interstitial mechanism dominates and the resultant stress is compressive. Consistent with the 'dynamic segregation model', the RE slows the outdiffusion of Al interstitials permitting the tensile mechanism to dominate. This interpretation invokes the unconventional view that oxygen and aluminum interstitials and vacancies, created in and driven by the strong chemical gradient, all participate meaningfully in the scale growth process. Grain boundary diffusion measurements were obtained from low stress creep data, interpreted using the Coble model of grain boundary diffusion. Reported diffusion measurements of oxygen through grain boundaries of {alpha}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, which are known to be inconsistent with oxide scale growth, are critically examined. A simple picture, a 'balanced defect model', emerges that is consistent with the dynamic segregation model, observed growth stresses and their dependence on the presence of a reactive element, sequential oxidation experiments, and our best knowledge about grain boundary diffusion coefficients.

Veal, B. W.; Paulikas, A. P.; Materials Science Division

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Two-Step Approach to Steady-State Current Drive in Tokamaks by Use of Electron Cyclotron Heating  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach to sustaining steady-state toroidal currents in tokamaks by use of two separate electron cyclotron heating sources is described. One source creates a minority group of collisionless, barely trapped electrons. The second source uses frequency modulation to detrap some of these with a large degree of toroidal asymmetry. The power dissipated in sustaining the steady-state toroidal current can be less than 1 W/A for typical tokamak conditions.

R. A. Dandl and G. E. Guest

1983-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

167

Application of functional transformations in the solution of steady-state distillation problems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Criteria Calculational Procedure and Discussion 117 118 121 B QUADRATIC CONVERGENCE OF ITERATES USING FUNCTIONIAL TRANSFORMATION IMBEDDED IN NEWTON"S MLTHOD 127 C FORMULATION OF MATHEMATICAL MODELS USED IN THE EXAMPI. E PROBLEMS Problem 1 ? A... 7). Comparison of initial (iterate) vapor rate of nCcH?at each stage ivith the steady-state solution vapor rate of nCcHis at each stage for Lx =50 lb-moles/min (Examp)e 7). 30 54 55 10. ]2. 13. Comparison of initial (iterate) temperature...

McLaughlin, Blaise Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Evidence for Separatrix Formation and Sustainment with Steady Inductive Helicity Injection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first sustainment of toroidal plasma current of 50kA at up to 3 times the injected currents, added in quadrature, using steady inductive helicity injection is described. Separatrix currentscurrents not linking the helicity injectorsare sustained up to 40kA. Decreases in the n=1 toroidal mode of the poloidal magnetic field at higher current amplifications indicate more quiescent, direct toroidal current drive. Results are achieved in HIT-SI (with a spheromak of major radius 0.3m) during deuterium operations immediately after helium operation. These results represent a breakthrough in the development of this new current drive method for magnetic confinement fusion.

B. S. Victor; T. R. Jarboe; A. C. Hossack; D. A. Ennis; B. A. Nelson; R. J. Smith; C. Akcay; C. J. Hansen; G. J. Marklin; N. K. Hicks; J. S. Wrobel

2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

169

Steady state temperature profiles in two simulated liquid metal reactor fuel assemblies with identical design specifications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Temperature data from steady state tests in two parallel, simulated liquid metal reactor fuel assemblies with identical design specifications have been compared to determine the extent to which they agree. In general, good agreement was found in data at low flows and in bundle-center data at higher flows. Discrepancies in the data wre noted near the bundle edges at higher flows. An analysis of bundle thermal boundary conditions showed that the possible eccentric placement of one bundle within the housing could account for these discrepancies.

Levin, A.E.; Carbajo, J.J.; Lloyd, D.B.; Montgomery, B.H.; Rose, S.D.; Wantland, J.L.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Self-regulating genes. Exact steady state solution by using Poisson Representation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems biology studies the structure and behavior of complex gene regulatory networks. One of its aims is to develop a quantitative understanding of the modular components that constitute such networks. The self-regulating gene is a type of auto regulatory genetic modules which appears in over 40% of known transcription factors in E. coli. In this work, using the technique of Poisson Representation, we are able to provide exact steady state solutions for this feedback model. By using the methods of synthetic biology (P.E.M. Purnick and Weiss, R., Nature Reviews, Molecular Cell Biology, 2009, 10: 410-422) one can build the system itself from modules like this.

Istvan P. Sugar; Istvan Simon

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

171

Selection of Steady-State Process Simulation Software to Optimize Treatment of Radioactive and Hazardous Waste  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The process used for selecting a steady-state process simulator under conditions of high uncertainty and limited time is described. Multiple waste forms, treatment ambiguity, and the uniqueness of both the waste chemistries and alternative treatment technologies result in a large set of potential technical requirements that no commercial simulator can totally satisfy. The aim of the selection process was two-fold. First, determine the steady-state simulation software that best, albeit not completely, satisfies the requirements envelope. And second, determine if the best is good enough to justify the cost. Twelve simulators were investigated with varying degrees of scrutiny. The candidate list was narrowed to three final contenders: ASPEN Plus 10.2, PRO/II 5.11, and CHEMCAD 5.1.0. It was concluded from ''road tests'' that ASPEN Plus appears to satisfy the project's technical requirements the best and is worth acquiring. The final software decisions provide flexibility: they involve annual rather than multi-year licensing, and they include periodic re-assessment.

Nichols, T. T.; Barnes, C. M.; Lauerhass, L.; Taylor, D. D.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Natural equilibria in steady-state neutron diffusion with temperature feedback  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The critical diffusion equation with feedback is investigated within the context of steady-state multiphysics. It is proposed that for critical configurations there is no need to include the multiplication factor k in the formulation of the diffusion equation. This is notable because exclusion of k from the coupled system of equations precludes the mathematically tenuous notion of a nonlinear eigenvalue problem. On the other hand, it is shown that if the factor k is retained in the diffusion equation, as is currently common practice, then the resulting problem is equivalent to the constrained minimization of a functional representing the critical equilibrium of neutron and temperature distributions. The unconstrained solution corresponding to k = 1 represents the natural equilibrium of a critical system at steady-state. Computational methods for solving the constrained problem (with k) are briefly reviewed from the literature and a method for the unconstrained problem (without k) is outlined. A numerical example is studied to examine the effects of the constraint in the nonlinear system. (authors)

Pounders, J. M.; Ingram, R. [Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, P.O. Box 79, West Mifflin, PA 15122-0079 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Development of steady-state operation using ICH in the LHD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Long-pulse discharge with the electron density n{sub e0} of 1 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3}, electron temperature T{sub e0} of 2.5 keV, discharge length t{sub dis} of 19 minutes and heating power P{sub inject} of 1MW, is demonstrated using the HAS antenna and the PA antenna for ion cyclotron heating (ICH) and increasing in the power of electron cyclotron heating (ECH). The HAS antenna is designed to phase dipole and excite ideal fast wave with parallel electric field kept small, and low impurity generation and accumulation are achieved on the steady-state discharge by weak parasitic heating around antennas. On the long-pulse discharge, the radiation measured by bolometer is kept smaller than 20% for injection power, and the heat load to divertor is approximately 60 % with low energetic particle losses. The heat load ratio to divertor is not as a function of injection power around 1MW, and energy confinement has been kept during the steady-state discharge.

Kasahara, H.; Seki, T.; Saito, K.; Seki, R.; Yoshimura, Y.; Kubo, S.; Shimozuma, T.; Igami, H.; Takahashi, H.; Tokitani, M.; Ashikawa, N.; Shoji, M.; Kamio, S.; Tsuchiya, H.; Tanaka, H.; Yoshimura, S.; Tamura, N.; Yamada, I.; Suzuki, C.; Mutoh, T. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki (Japan); and others

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

174

Recent progress on steady-state high-performance plasma research in the Hefei Tokamak-7  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High performance discharges under steady-state condition in the Hefei Tokamak-7 (HT-7) have been investigated. Lower hybridcurrent drive (LHCD) was used both for sustaining plasma current and current density profile control. The experiments demonstrated that features of ion Bernstein waveheating in controlling the electron pressure profile can be integrated into LHCD plasmas and the assist localization of LHCD. This local synergy effect was used to tailor the current density profile in a negative shear configuration and to control the internal transport barrier(ITB) under steady-state conditions. The high performance with a stationary ITB at the footprint of the minimum q and ? N H 89 >2 was sustained for >220?? E or >20?? CR . The fraction of noninductive plasma current was larger than 80% in such discharges with considerable bootstrap current. The duration at H 89 >1.2 and ? N ?1 has been extended to nearly 8 s longer than 400?? E . More than 90% of the plasma current was sustained by LHCD and bootstrap current. High-plasma performance and sustaining time was limited by the magnetohydrodynamicinstabilities and the recycling which caused an uncontrollable rise of the electron density.

Baonian Wan; Yuejiang Shi; Guosheng Xu; Xianzu Gong; Jinping Qian; Yanping Zhao; Jiafang Shan; Junyu Zhao; Liqun Hu; Jiangang Li; Guangli Kuang; Bo Lv; Bili Ling; Zhenwei Wu; Fukun Liu; Yuzhou Mao; Xiang Gao; Yanxin Jie; Jianshan Mao; Qing Zhou; Jun Huang; Jikang Xie; HT-7 Team; K. W. Gentle; W. L. Rowan; P. E. Philippe; H. Huang; L. L. Lao; V. S. Chan; T. Watari; T. Seki

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Cyclic steady state performance of adsorption chiller with low regeneration temperature zeolite  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Adsorption chillers are capable of utilizing inexpensive or free low grade thermal energy such as waste heat and concentrated solar thermal energy. Recently developed low regeneration temperature working pairs allow adsorption chillers to be driven by even lower temperature sources such as engine coolant and flat plate solar collectors. In this work, synthetic zeolite/water was implemented into a 3kW adsorption chiller test facility driven by hot water at 70 C. The zeolite was coated onto two fin-and-tube heat exchangers, with heat recovery employed between the two. Cyclic steady state parametric studies were experimentally conducted to evaluate the chiller's performance, resulting in a cooling coefficient of performance (COP) ranging from 0.1 to 0.6 at different operating conditions. Its performance was compared with published values for other low regeneration temperature working pairs. The physical limitations of the synthetic zeolite revealed by parametric study results were then discussed. A novel operating control strategy was proposed based on the unique characteristics of synthetic zeolite. In addition, a physics-based COP prediction model was derived to predict the performance of the chiller under equilibrium loading, and was validated by the experiment results. This analytical expression can be used to estimate the cyclic steady state performance for future studies.

Qian, Mr. Suxin [University of Maryland, College Park; Gluesenkamp, Kyle R [ORNL; Hwang, Dr. Yunho [University of Maryland, College Park; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park; Chun, Mr. Ho-Hwan [University of Maryland, College Park

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Theory of Steady?State Urban Noise for an Ideal Homogeneous City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The city is treated as a plane surface with many identical sound sources (motor vehicles) randomly distributed over its area. The mean energy density at any point in the plane is expressed in terms of the individual source strength the average number of sources per unit area N the atmospheric absorption constant ? and a shielding factor F associated primarily with obstacles in the transmission path. To obtain the steady?state (median) energy density a central cell containing a single discrete local vehicle is identified and treated separately from the rest of the distribution. Graphs and tables of steady?state level and energy density as functions of N and ? are given for the homogeneous infinite city the city of finite size and the traffic?free zone within a city. The theory indicates that the spreading of urban noise is determined by a characteristic distance with a typical value of 0.25 km. The observed octave?band sound?pressure levels from 31.5 to 4000 Hz at one location in Ottawa are compared with calculated levels based on statistical data for vehicle source strength estimates of vehicle density and known atmospheric absorption constants. The differences are consistent with a shielding factor of 15 dB which is in good agreement with measurements of sound transmission in urban areas reported by others. The shielding factor has an effective value substantially independent of frequency.

E. A. G. Shaw; N. Olson

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Development of a steady-state microwave ion source with large spherical electrodes for geometrical focusing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A steady-state electron cyclotron resonanceion source with large spherical electrodes has been developed to study the plasma wall interaction erosion mechanism and hydrogen retention of first wall materials in a nuclear fusion reactor. Discharge characteristics of the ion source were studied in terms of microwave power magnetic field configuration and gas ( H 2 ) pressure. Ion saturationcurrent density J is of about 21 mA/cm2 near the electrodes (target value is 20 mA/cm2) was achieved with microwave power of 3.0 kW and magnetic field of 2.3 kG at an optimal gas pressure. The measurement of J is was made by a Langmuir probe. It was found that the dependence of ion saturationcurrent density on the magnetic field was different between high (>5 mTorr) and low (input window gave higher ion saturationcurrent density.

T. Kawakami; T. Shimada; T. Yonezawa; M. Nishikawa

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Driving kinetically constrained models into non-equilibrium steady states: structural and slow transport properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complex fluids in shear flow and biased dynamics in crowded environments exhibit counterintuitive features which are difficult to address both at theoretical level and by molecular dynamic simulations. To understand some of these features we study a schematic model of highly viscous liquid, the 2D Kob-Andersen kinetically constrained model, driven into non-equilibrium steady states by a uniform non-Hamiltonian force. We present a detailed numerical analysis of the microscopic behavior of the model, including transversal and longitudinal spatial correlations and dynamic heterogeneities. In particular, we show that at high particle density the transition from positive to negative resistance regimes in the current vs field relation can be explained via the emergence of nontrivial structures that intermittently trap the particles and slow down the dynamics. We relate such spatial structures to the current vs field relation in the different transport regimes.

Francesco Turci; Estelle Pitard; Mauro Sellitto

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

179

Thermodynamic Expression for Nonequilibrium Steady-State Distribution of Macroscopic Observables  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A longstanding goal of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics has been to extend the conceptual power of the Boltzmann distribution to driven systems. We report some new progress towards this goal. We first derive an expression for the probability distribution of a macroscopic observable in a generic driven steady state, in terms of the statistics of work done on the system by the external driving fields. By comparison with a simulation of a sheared Brownian colloid, we then provide evidence that a simplified form of this distribution can closely approximate the behavior of real systems arbitrarily far from equilibrium. This simplified form has a straightforward thermodynamic interpretation, which we explain in detail for the case of the sheared colloid. We also discuss the general circumstances in which we expect this approximation to be valid, and suggest some further tests for the new formalism.

Marsland, Robert

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media: Scaling of Steady-State Effective Permeability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent experiment has considered the effective permeability of two-phase flow of air and a water-glycerol solution under steady-state conditions in a two-dimensional model porous medium, and found a power law dependence with respect to capillary number. Running simulations on a two-dimensional network model a similar power law is found, for high viscosity contrast as in the experiment and also for viscosity matched fluids. Two states are found, one with stagnant clusters and one without. For the stagnant cluster state, a power law exponent 0.50 is found for viscosity matched fluids and 0.54 for large viscosity contrast. When there are no stagnant clusters the exponent depends on saturation and varies within the range of 0.67 - 0.80.

Grva, Morten

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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181

Two-Phase Flow in Porous Media: Scaling of Steady-State Effective Permeability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent experiment has considered the effective permeability of two-phase flow of air and a water-glycerol solution under steady-state conditions in a two-dimensional model porous medium, and found a power law dependence with respect to capillary number. Running simulations on a two-dimensional network model a similar power law is found, for high viscosity contrast as in the experiment and also for viscosity matched fluids. Two states are found, one with stagnant clusters and one without. For the stagnant cluster state, a power law exponent 0.50 is found for viscosity matched fluids and 0.54 for large viscosity contrast. When there are no stagnant clusters the exponent depends on saturation and varies within the range of 0.67 - 0.80.

Morten Grva

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

182

Direct expansion solar assisted heat pumps A clean steady state approach for overall performance analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Traditional thermal solar panel technologies have limited efficiency and the required economic investments make them noncompetitive in the space heating market. The greatest limit to the diffusion of thermal solar systems is the characteristic temperatures they can reach: the strong connection between the user temperature and the collector temperature makes it possible to achieve high thermal (collector) efficiency only at low, often useless, user temperatures. By using solar collectors as thermal exchange units (evaporators) in a heat pump system (direct expansion solar assisted heat pump, DX-SAHP), the overall efficiency greatly increases with a significative cut of the associated investment in terms of pay-back time. In this study, an approach is proposed to the steady state analysis of DX-SAHP, which is based on the simplified inverse Carnot cycle and on the second law efficiency concept. This method, without the need of calculating the refrigerant fluid properties and the detailed processes occurring in the refrigeration device, allows us to link the main features of the plant to its relevant interactions with the surroundings. The very nature of the proposed method makes the relationship explicit and meaningful among all the involved variables. The paper, after the description of the method, presents an explanatory application of this technique by reviewing various aspects of the performance of a typical DX-SAHP in which the savings on primary energy consumption is regarded as the main feature of the plant and highlighted in a monthly averaged analysis. Results agree to those coming from a common standard steady state thermodynamic analysis. The application to a typical DX-SAHP system demonstrates that a mean saved primary energy of about 50% with respect to standard gas burner can be achieved for the same user needs. Such a result is almost independent from the type of flat plate solar panel used (double or single glazed, or even bare panels) as a result of using an optimal collector working temperature.

Luca A. Tagliafico; Federico Scarpa; Federico Valsuani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Steady State Microbunching for High Brilliance and High Repetition Rate Storage Ring-Based Light Sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron-based light sources have proven to be effective sources of high brilliance, high frequency radiation. Such sources are typically either linac-Free Electron Laser (FEL) or storage ring types. The linac-FEL type has high brilliance (because the beam is microbunched) but low repetition rate. The storage ring type has high repetition rate (rapid beam circulation) but comparatively low brilliance or coherence. We propose to explore the feasibility of a microbunched beam in a storage ring that promises high repetition rate and high brilliance. The steady-state-micro-bunch (SSMB) beam in storage ring could provide CW sources for THz, EUV, or soft X-rays. Several SSMB mechanisms have been suggested recently, and in this report, we review a number of these SSMB concepts as promising directions for high brilliance, high repetition rate light sources of the future. The trick of SSMB lies in the RF system, together with the associated synchrotron beam dynamics, of the storage ring. Considering various different RF arrangements, there could be considered a number of scenarios of the SSMB. In this report, we arrange these scenarios more or less in order of the envisioned degree of technical challenge to the RF system, and not in the chronological order of their original references. Once the stored beam is steady-state microbunched in a storage ring, it passes through a radiator repeatedly every turn (or few turns). The radiator extracts a small fraction of the beam energy as coherent radiation with a wavelength corresponding to the microbunched period of the beam. In contrast to an FEL, this radiator is not needed to generate the microbunching (as required e.g. by SASE FELs or seeded FELs), so the radiator can be comparatively simple and short.

Chao, Alex; Ratner, Daniel; /SLAC; Jiao, Yi; /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys.

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

184

The determination of neutron flux in the Texas A & M triga reactor during pulse and steady-state operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-state operation. Neutron flux measurement during a pulse presents an additional problem in that the flux levels vary during the rapid rise and fall in reactor power. The power level transient of the reactor was followed, using the current output of a boron-10... as a flux monitor only at low power. levels or neutron fluxes. The antimony flux monitor in the steady-state flux measurement showed the same type of increase in flux magni- tude as that of the pulse measurement. The high flux values at steady...

O'Donnell, John Joseph

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

185

Magnetic field correlations in a random flow with strong steady shear  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze magnetic kinematic dynamo in a conducting fluid where the stationary shear flow is accompanied by relatively weak random velocity fluctuations. The diffusionless and diffusion regimes are described. The growth rates of the magnetic field moments are related to the statistical characteristics of the flow describing divergence of the Lagrangian trajectories. The magnetic field correlation functions are examined, we establish their growth rates and scaling behavior. General assertions are illustrated by explicit solution of the model where the velocity field is short-correlated in time.

I. Kolokolov; V. Lebedev; G. Sizov

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

186

Integrated modelling of steady-state scenarios and heating and current drive mixes for ITER  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent progress on ITER steady-state (SS) scenario modelling by the ITPA-IOS group is reviewed. Code-to-code benchmarks as the IOS group's common activities for the two SS scenarios (weak shear scenario and internal transport barrier scenario) are discussed in terms of transport, kinetic profiles, and heating and current drive (CD) sources using various transport codes. Weak magnetic shear scenarios integrate the plasma core and edge by combining a theory-based transport model (GLF23) with scaled experimental boundary profiles. The edge profiles (at normalized radius ? = 0.81.0) are adopted from an edge-localized mode-averaged analysis of a DIII-D ITER demonstration discharge. A fully noninductive SS scenario is achieved with fusion gain Q = 4.3, noninductive fraction fNI = 100%, bootstrap current fraction fBS = 63% and normalized beta ?N = 2.7 at plasma current Ip = 8?MA and toroidal field BT = 5.3?T using ITER day-1 heating and CD capability. Substantial uncertainties come from outside the radius of setting the boundary conditions (? = 0.8). The present simulation assumed that ?N (?) at the top of the pedestal (? = 0.91) is about 25% above the peelingballooning threshold. ITER will have a challenge to achieve the boundary, considering different operating conditions (Te/Ti ? 1 and density peaking). Overall, the experimentally scaled edge is an optimistic side of the prediction. A number of SS scenarios with different heating and CD mixes in a wide range of conditions were explored by exploiting the weak-shear steady-state solution procedure with the GLF23 transport model and the scaled experimental edge. The results are also presented in the operation space for DT neutron power versus stationary burn pulse duration with assumed poloidal flux availability at the beginning of stationary burn, indicating that the long pulse operation goal (3000?s) at Ip = 9?MA is possible. Source calculations in these simulations have been revised for electron cyclotron current drive including parallel momentum conservation effects and for neutral beam current drive with finite orbit and magnetic pitch effects.

M. Murakami; J.M. Park; G. Giruzzi; J. Garcia; P. Bonoli; R.V. Budny; E.J. Doyle; A. Fukuyama; N. Hayashi; M. Honda; A. Hubbard; S. Ide; F. Imbeaux; E.F. Jaeger; T.C. Luce; Y.-S. Na; T. Oikawa; T.H. Osborne; V. Parail; A. Polevoi; R. Prater; A.C.C. Sips; J. Snipes; H.E. St. John; P.B. Snyder; I. Voitsekhovitch; ITPA/Integrated Operation Scenario Group

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

A Steady-State Impedance Model for a PEMFC Cathode Qingzhi Guo* and Ralph E. White**,z  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electrolyte membrane fuel cell PEMFC cathode is presented. The catalyst layer of the electrode is assumedA Steady-State Impedance Model for a PEMFC Cathode Qingzhi Guo* and Ralph E. White**,z Center in an air/H2 PEMFC.1 Two common models are available in the literature for the study of a PEMFC air cathode

188

FIBWR: a steady-state core flow distribution code for boiling water reactors code verification and qualification report. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A steady-state core flow distribution code (FIBWR) is described. The ability of the recommended models to predict various pressure drop components and void distribution is shown by comparison to the experimental data. Application of the FIBWR code to the Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station is shown by comparison to the plant measured data.

Ansari, A.F.; Gay, R.R.; Gitnick, B.J.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

corded in ice cores is not steady; instead it comes in a series of pulses-just what you  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

corded in ice cores is not steady; instead it comes in a series of pulses-just what you would depths of between 500 and 700 meters-just where the ice-age drop in sea level might have decomposed How Many Genes Had to Change to Produce Corn? Recent molecular data suggest that mutations in as few

Doebley, John

190

THE EVALUATION OF THE HEAT LOADING FROM STEADY, TRANSIENT AND OFF-NORMAL CONDITIONS IN ARIES POWER PLANTS*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE EVALUATION OF THE HEAT LOADING FROM STEADY, TRANSIENT AND OFF-NORMAL CONDITIONS IN ARIES POWER. The characterization of heat loads developed for ITER1 can be applied to power plants to better develop the operating, and heating type for the divertor and first wall (FW). A particular power plant design is used, referred

California at San Diego, University of

191

Comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element (TFE) is made. The single-cell TFE used in this study is the prototype for the 40 kW{sub e} space nuclear power system that is similar to the 6 kW{sub e} TOPAZ-II. The steady-state I-V measurements influence the emitter temperature due to electron cooling. Therefore, to eliminate the steady-state I-V measurement influence on the TFE and provide a better understanding of the behavior of the thermionic energy converter and TFE characteristics, dynamic I-V measurements are made. The dynamic I-V measurements are made at various input power levels, cesium pressures, collector temperatures, and steady-state current levels. From these measurements, it is shown that the dynamic I-V's do not change the TFE characteristics at a given operating point. Also, the evaluation of the collector work function from the dynamic I-V measurements shows that the collector optimization is not due to a minimum in the collector work function but due to an emission optimization. Since the dynamic I-V measurements do not influence the TFE characteristics, it is believed that these measurements can be done at a system level to understand the influence of TFE placement in the reactor as a function of the core thermal distribution.

Wernsman, Bernard [New Mexico Engineering Research Institute Thermionics Evaluation Facility 901 University SE Albuquerque, New Mexico 87106 (United States)

1997-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

192

Comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison between steady-state and dynamic I-V measurements from a single-cell thermionic fuel element (TFE) is made. The single-cell TFE used in this study is the prototype for the 40kW{sub e} space nuclear power system that is similar to the 6kW{sub e} TOPAZ-II. The steady-state I-V measurements influence the emitter temperature due to electron cooling. Therefore, to eliminate the steady-state I-V measurement influence on the TFE and provide a better understanding of the behavior of the thermionic energy converter and TFE characteristics, dynamic I-V measurements are made. The dynamic I-V measurements are made at various input power levels, cesium pressures, collector temperatures, and steady-state current levels. From these measurements, it is shown that the dynamic I-V{close_quote}s do not change the TFE characteristics at a given operating point. Also, the evaluation of the collector work function from the dynamic I-V measurements shows that the collector optimization is not due to a minimum in the collector work function but due to an emission optimization. Since the dynamic I-V measurements do not influence the TFE characteristics, it is believed that these measurements can be done at a system level to understand the influence of TFE placement in the reactor as a function of the core thermal distribution. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Wernsman, B. [New Mexico Engineering Research Institute Thermionics Evaluation Facility 901 University SE Albuquerque, New Mexico87106 (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Study on one-dimensional steady combustion of highly densified biomass briquette (bio-coke) in air flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Combustion experiments on cylindrical bio-coke (BIC), a highly densified biomass briquette, have been conducted to observe whether quasi-one-dimensional steady combustion can be attained in room temperature air flow. In the experiments, the air flow velocity was the main test condition and the fuel consumption rate when the bottom surface of the BIC sample burned was evaluated as the regression rate of the combustion zone at the bottom surface. In addition, one-dimensional calculations based on an energy equation at the combustion zone were conducted to understand the mechanism that results in steady combustion and predict the effect of water and volatile matter content in BIC on the extinction limit. The results showed that steady combustion of the BIC sample could be attained in 4.67m/s or more, and, in contrast, extinction was observed in 3.82m/s or less. The critical regression rate explained by the combustion zone temperature was shown, and the reason combustion becomes unsteady could be explained by the energy balance at the combustion zone. Though the main reason for extinction was radiation heat loss, the heat loss by water and volatile matter was not negligible. Therefore, the effect of water and volatile matter content on steady combustion must be considered.

Takero Nakahara; Hui Yan; Hiroyuki Ito; Osamu Fujita

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

High Steady-State Accuracy Pneumatic Servo Positioning System with PVA/PV Control and Friction Compensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is needed. The cause of the steady-state error for a pneumatic servo system with an open-center servo valve in Figure 1. A rodless cylinder and an open-center servo valve both made by Festo are utilized cvf Coefficient of viscous friction ba mm && , Mass flow rate into chamber A & B fa, fb Flow rate

Bone, Gary

195

The political and socioeconomic predicates of risk analysis: Integration of natural and social science in anticipating the environmental consequences of development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The fundamental origins of industrial development and land-use changes that generate physical and chemical threats to biological natural resources are social, political, and economic forces. Two new international economic trade treaties, NAFTA in North America and MERCOSUR in South America, are major forces inducing a complex of changes and regional economic developments that will pose new regional treats to natural resources. Current strategies of ecological risk assessment rarely include an analysis of social, political, or economic factors in any systematic form. Nor are these social sciences integrated with natural sciences in performing a comprehensive risk analysis. A suggested strategy is delineated here that would incorporate social sciences in risk analysis for large programs like NAFTA and MERCOSUR. This strategy would also be applicable in regional risk analysis to estimate the probability and location of development of certain types of industrial development and large scale land-use change. The implications of projected regional economic growth and the development of specific types of industries and land-use changes stimulated by these or other social, political, or economic forces could be addressed using more traditional forms of evaluation and ecological risk analysis. Ultimately, a more comprehensive and synthetic definition and delineation of the procedures of risk analysis must evolve to include aspects of both natural and social sciences.

Boyle, T.P. [Colorado State Univ., Ft. Collins, CO (United States). National Biological Service

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Steady-State Thermal Performance Evaluation of Steel-Framed Wall Assembly with Local Foam Insulation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During January and May, 2009, two configurations of steel-framed walls constructed with conventional 2 4 steel studs insulated with R-19 ~14cm. (5.5-in. thick) and R-13 ~9cm. (3.5-in. thick) fiberglass insulation batts were tested in the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) guarded hot-box using ASTM C1363 test procedure. The first test wall used conventional 2 4 steel studs insulated with 2.5-cm. (1-in.) thick foam profiles, called stud snugglers. These stud snugglers converted the 2 4 wall assembly into a 2 6 assembly allowing application of R-19 fiberglass insulation. The second wall tested for comparison was a conventional 2 4 steel stud wall using R-13 insulation batts. Further, numerical simulations were performed in order to evaluate the steady-state thermal performance of various wood- and steel-framed wall assemblies. The effects of adding the stud-snugglers to the wood and steel studs were also investigated numerically. Different combinations of insulation and framing factor were used in the simulations.

Kosny, Jan [ORNL] [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL] [ORNL; Childs, Phillip W [ORNL] [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Efficient laser-overdense plasma coupling via surface plasma waves and steady magnetic field generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficiency of laser overdense plasma coupling via surface plasma wave excitation is investigated. Two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations are performed over a wide range of laser pulse intensity from 10{sup 15} to 10{sup 20} W cm{sup -2}{mu}m{sup 2} with electron density ranging from 25 to 100n{sub c} to describe the laser interaction with a grating target where a surface plasma wave excitation condition is fulfilled. The numerical studies confirm an efficient coupling with an enhancement of the laser absorption up to 75%. The simulations also show the presence of a localized, quasi-static magnetic field at the plasma surface. Two interaction regimes are identified for low (I{lambda}{sup 2} < 10{sup 17} W cm{sup -2}{mu}m{sup 2}) and high (I{lambda}{sup 2} > 10{sup 17} W cm{sup -2}{mu}m{sup 2}) laser pulse intensities. At ''relativistic'' laser intensity, steady magnetic fields as high as {approx}580 MG {mu}m/{lambda}{sub 0} at 7 x 10{sup 19} W cm{sup -2}{mu}m{sup 2} are obtained in the simulations.

Bigongiari, A. [CEA/DSM/LSI, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); TIPS/LULI, Universite Paris 6, CNRS, CEA, Ecole Polytechnique, 3, rue Galilee 94200, Ivry-sur-Seine (France); Raynaud, M. [CEA/DSM/LSI, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Riconda, C. [TIPS/LULI, Universite Paris 6, CNRS, CEA, Ecole Polytechnique, 3, rue Galilee 94200, Ivry-sur-Seine (France); Heron, A. [CPHT, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Macchi, A. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (CNR/INO), Dipartimento di Fisica ''E. Fermi'', Largo B. Pontecorvo 3, 56127 Pisa (Italy)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Theory of steady-state plane tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of band-to-band and trap-assisted tunneling on the properties of steady-state plane ionization waves in p{sup +}-n-n{sup +} structures is theoretically analyzed. It is shown that such tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves do not differ in a qualitative sense from ordinary impact ionization waves propagating due to the avalanche multiplication of uniformly distributed seed electrons and holes. The quantitative differences of tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves from impact ionization waves are reduced to a slightly different relation between the wave velocity u and the maximum field strength E{sub M} at the front. It is shown that disregarding impact ionization does not exclude the possibility of the existence of tunneling-assisted ionization waves; however, their structure radically changes, and their velocity strongly decreases for the same E{sub M}. A comparison of the dependences u(E{sub M}) for various ionization-wave types makes it possible to determine the conditions under which one of them is dominant. In conclusion, unresolved problems concerning the theory of tunneling-assisted impact ionization waves are discussed and the directions of further studies are outlined.

Kyuregyan, A. S., E-mail: ask@vei.ru [Lenin All-Russian Electrical-Engineering Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

199

Calorimetric determination of the solar heat gain coefficient g with steady-state laboratory measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper describes procedures for the direct calorimetric measurement of the solar heat gain coefficient g in detail. g is also called SHGC, solar factor, g-value or total solar energy transmittance TSET. All these terms are used synonymously in this document although there are some differences in the details of the definitions of these properties (e.g. different reference wind conditions or reference solar spectra). The document aims to summarize more than 25 years of experience in g-value testing at Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg, Germany, which includes many different transparent and translucent building materials ranging from transparent insulation materials to daylighting and solar control systems and active solar energy harvesting facade components like building-integrated PV systems (BIPV) or building-integrated solar thermal collectors (BIST). The document focuses on methods for the calorimetric measurement of g under steady-state laboratory conditions. Transient outdoor measurements are beyond the scope of this paper. It also describes the corresponding error analysis and methods to correct experimentally determined values gexp to reference conditions, if it is not possible to reproduce the reference boundary conditions exactly in the laboratory.

Tilmann E. Kuhn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Cosmological QCD phase transition in steady non-equilibrium dissipative Ho?ava-Lifshitz early universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phase transition from quark-gluon plasma to hadrons in the early universe in the context of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. According to the standard model of cosmology, a phase transition associated with chiral symmetry breaking after the electro-weak transition has occurred when the universe was about $1-10\\mu s$ old. We focus attention on such a phase transition in the presence of a viscous relativistic cosmological background fluid in the framework of non-detailed balance Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz cosmology within an effective model of QCD. We consider a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe filled with a non-causal and causal bulk viscous cosmological fluid respectively and investigate the effects of the running coupling constants of Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity, $\\lambda$, on the evolution of the physical quantities relevant to a description of the early universe, namely, the temperature $T$, scale factor $a$, deceleration parameter $q$ and dimensionless ratio of the bulk viscosity coefficient to entropy density $\\frac{\\xi}{s}$. We assume that the bulk viscosity cosmological background fluid obeys the evolution equation of the steady truncated (Eckart) and full version of the Israel-Stewart fluid, respectively.

M. Khodadi; H. R. Sepangi

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

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201

Steady-state quantum statistics of a non-Markovian atom laser. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a steady-state analysis of a quantum-mechanical model of an atom laser. A single-mode atomic trap coupled to a continuum of external modes is driven by a saturable pumping mechanism. In the dilute flux regime, where atom-atom interactions are negligible in the output, we find an analytic form for the linewidth and frequency shift of the laser. This result does not make the Born-Markov approximation, but is based on the far less restrictive self-consistent Markov approximation. The more exact treatment has a different effective damping rate and occupation of the lasing mode, as well as a shifted frequency and linewidth of the output. We examine gravitational damping numerically, finding linewidths and frequency shifts for a range of pumping rates. We treat mean-field damping analytically, finding a memory function for the Thomas-Fermi regime. The occupation and linewidth are found to have a nonlinear scaling behavior which has implications for the stability of atom lasers.

A. S. Bradley; J. J. Hope; M. J. Collett

2003-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

202

A fission-fusion hybrid reactor in steady-state L-mode tokamak configuration with natural uranium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work develops a conceptual design for a fusion-fission hybrid reactor operating in steady-state L-mode tokamak configuration with a subcritical natural or depleted uranium pebble bed blanket. A liquid lithium-lead alloy breeds enough tritium to replenish that consumed by the D-T fusion reaction. The fission blanket augments the fusion power such that the fusion core itself need not have a high power gain, thus allowing for fully non-inductive (steady-state) low confinement mode (L-mode) operation at relatively small physical dimensions. A neutron transport Monte Carlo code models the natural uranium fission blanket. Maximizing the fission power gain while breeding sufficient tritium allows for the selection of an optimal set of blanket parameters, which yields a maximum prudent fission power gain of approximately 7. A 0-D tokamak model suffices to analyze approximate tokamak operating conditions. This fission blanket would allow the fusion component of a hybrid reactor with the same dimensions as ITER to operate in steady-state L-mode very comfortably with a fusion power gain of 6.7 and a thermal fusion power of 2.1 GW. Taking this further can determine the approximate minimum scale for a steady-state L-mode tokamak hybrid reactor, which is a major radius of 5.2 m and an aspect ratio of 2.8. This minimum scale device operates barely within the steady-state L-mode realm with a thermal fusion power of 1.7 GW. Basic thermal hydraulic analysis demonstrates that pressurized helium could cool the pebble bed fission blanket with a flow rate below 10 m/s. The Brayton cycle thermal efficiency is 41%. This reactor, dubbed the Steady-state L-mode non-Enriched Uranium Tokamak Hybrid (SLEUTH), with its very fast neutron spectrum, could be superior to pure fission reactors in terms of breeding fissile fuel and transmuting deleterious fission products. It would likely function best as a prolific plutonium breeder, and the plutonium it produces could actually be more proliferation-resistant than that bred by conventional fast reactors. Furthermore, it can maintain constant total hybrid power output as burnup proceeds by varying the neutron source strength.

Reed, Mark; Parker, Ronald R.; Forget, Benoit [Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

203

Development of microbial-enzyme-mediated decomposition model parameters through steady-state and dynamic analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed a Microbial-ENzyme-mediated Decomposition (MEND) model, based on the Michaelis-Menten kinetics, that describes the dynamics of physically defined pools of soil organic matter (SOC). These include particulate, mineral-associated, dissolved organic matter (POC, MOC, and DOC, respectively), microbial biomass, and associated exoenzymes. The ranges and/or distributions of parameters were determined by both analytical steady-state and dynamic analyses with SOC data from the literature. We used an improved multi-objective parameter sensitivity analysis (MOPSA) to identify the most important parameters for the full model: maintenance of microbial biomass, turnover and synthesis of enzymes, and carbon use efficiency (CUE). The model predicted an increase of 2 C (baseline temperature =12 C) caused the pools of POC-Cellulose, MOC, and total SOC to increase with dynamic CUE and decrease with constant CUE, as indicated by the 50% confidence intervals. Regardless of dynamic or constant CUE, the pool sizes of POC, MOC, and total SOC varied from 8% to 8% under +2 C. The scenario analysis using a single parameter set indicates that higher temperature with dynamic CUE might result in greater net increases in both POC-Cellulose and MOC pools. Different dynamics of various SOC pools reflected the catalytic functions of specific enzymes targeting specific substrates and the interactions between microbes, enzymes, and SOC. With the feasible parameter values estimated in this study, models incorporating fundamental principles of microbial-enzyme dynamics can lead to simulation results qualitatively different from traditional models with fast/slow/passive pools.

Wang, Gangsheng [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Mayes, Melanie [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Stochastic finite difference lattice Boltzmann method for steady incompressible viscous flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the advent of state-of-the-art computers and their rapid availability, the time is ripe for the development of efficient uncertainty quantification (UQ) methods to reduce the complexity of numerical models used to simulate complicated systems with incomplete knowledge and data. The spectral stochastic finite element method (SSFEM) which is one of the widely used UQ methods, regards uncertainty as generating a new dimension and the solution as dependent on this dimension. A convergent expansion along the new dimension is then sought in terms of the polynomial chaos system, and the coefficients in this representation are determined through a Galerkin approach. This approach provides an accurate representation even when only a small number of terms are used in the spectral expansion; consequently, saving in computational resource can be realized compared to the Monte Carlo (MC) scheme. Recent development of a finite difference lattice Boltzmann method (FDLBM) that provides a convenient algorithm for setting the boundary condition allows the flow of Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids, with and without external body forces to be simulated with ease. Also, the inherent compressibility effect in the conventional lattice Boltzmann method, which might produce significant errors in some incompressible flow simulations, is eliminated. As such, the FDLBM together with an efficient UQ method can be used to treat incompressible flows with built in uncertainty, such as blood flow in stenosed arteries. The objective of this paper is to develop a stochastic numerical solver for steady incompressible viscous flows by combining the FDLBM with a SSFEM. Validation against MC solutions of channel/Couette, driven cavity, and sudden expansion flows are carried out.

Fu, S.C., E-mail: mm.scfu@polyu.edu.h [Mechanical Engineering Department, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom (Hong Kong); So, R.M.C. [Building Services Engineering Department, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom (Hong Kong); Mechanical Engineering Department, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Leung, W.W.F. [Research Institute of Innovative Products and Technologies, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom (Hong Kong)

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

Nonequilibrium Steady State in Open Quantum Systems: Influence Action, Stochastic Equation and Power Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The existence and uniqueness of a steady state for nonequilibrium systems (NESS) is a fundamental subject and a main theme of research in statistical mechanics for decades. For Gaussian systems, such as a chain of harmonic oscillators connected at each end to a heat bath, and for anharmonic oscillators under specified conditions, definitive answers exist in the form of proven theorems. Answering this question for quantum many-body systems poses a challenge for the present. In this work we address this issue by deriving the stochastic equations for the reduced system with self-consistent backaction from the two baths, calculating the energy flow from one bath to the chain to the other bath, and exhibiting a power balance relation in the total (chain + baths) system which testifies to the existence of a NESS in this system at late times. Its insensitivity to the initial conditions of the chain corroborates to its uniqueness. The functional method we adopt here entails the use of the influence functional, the coarse-grained and stochastic effective actions, from which one can derive the stochastic equations and calculate the average values of physical variables in open quantum systems. This involves both taking the expectation values of quantum operators of the system and the distributional averages of stochastic variables stemming from the coarse-grained environment. This method though formal in appearance is compact and complete. It can also easily accommodate perturbative techniques and diagrammatic methods from field theory. Taken all together it provides a solid platform for carrying out systematic investigations into the nonequilibrium dynamics of open quantum systems and quantum thermodynamics.

J. -T. Hsiang; B. L. Hu

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Mitigation of thermoacoustic instability utilizing steady air injection near the flame anchoring zone  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to investigate the effectiveness of steady air injection near the flame anchoring zone in suppressing thermoacoustic instabilities driven by flame-vortex interaction mechanism. We perform a systematic experimental study which involves using two different configurations of air injection in an atmospheric pressure backward-facing step combustor. The first configuration utilizes a row of micro-diameter holes allowing for air injection in the cross-stream direction just upstream of the step. The second configuration utilizes an array of micro-diameter holes located on the face of the step, allowing for air injection in the streamwise direction. The effects of each of these configurations are analyzed to determine which one is more effective in suppressing thermoacoustic instabilities at different operating conditions. The tests are conducted while varying the equivalence ratio and the inlet temperature. The secondary air temperature is always the same as the inlet temperature. We used pure propane or propane/hydrogen mixtures as fuels. Combustion dynamics are explored through simultaneous pressure and heat release-rate measurements, and high-speed video images. When the equivalence ratio of the reactant mixture is high, it causes the flame to flashback towards the inlet channel. When air is injected in the cross-stream direction, the flame anchors slightly upstream of the step, which suppresses the instability. When air is injected in the streamwise direction near the edge of step, thermoacoustic instability could be eliminated at an optimum secondary air flow rate, which depends on the operating conditions. When effective, the streamwise air injection prevents the shedding of an unsteady vortex, thus eliminating the flame-vortex interaction mechanism and resulting in a compact, stable flame to form near the step. (author)

Murat Altay, H.; Hudgins, Duane E.; Speth, Raymond L.; Annaswamy, Anuradha M.; Ghoniem, Ahmed F. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

ARM - Measurement - Hygroscopic growth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth govMeasurementsHygroscopic growth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hygroscopic growth The rate that aerosol particles grow at relative humidity values less than 100 percent. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System SMPS : Scanning mobility particle sizer TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Field Campaign Instruments AOS : Aerosol Observing System

208

Pollution adn Plant Growth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pollution adn Plant Growth Pollution adn Plant Growth Name: Virdina Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What are the effcts off water polltuion on plant growth? Are there any good websites where I can find current or on going research being done by other scientist? Replies: Dear Virdina, Possibly helpful: http://www.ec.gc.ca/water/en/manage/poll/e_poll.htm http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/wq/info/wq987.htm Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach This is a very complicated question, there are so many different types of water pollution and different species of plants react very differently. Good places to start are the U.S. environmental protection agency, the office of water is at: http://www.epa.gov/ow/ and there is a link to a kid's page from there: http://www.epa.gov/OST/KidsStuff/ You might also try state EPA's, Illinois is at:

209

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

210

Dynamic polarisation reveals differential steady-state stabilisation and capacitive-like behaviour in microbial fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we present several preliminary results produced with a purposely-designed external-resistor (Rext) sweeping tool for microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Fast sampling rates show that \\{MFCs\\} exhibit differential steady-state stabilisation behaviours depending on Rext, with consequences for time constant (tc) selection. At high Rext (35k?), it is demonstrated that a tc?10 min avoids underestimation not overestimation, whilst at low Rext (100?) 5min are sufficient, suggesting that sweeps with variable tc are possible. However, within the maximum power transfer range (2.5k?), steady-states are only observed at 20min tc but with a smaller confidence interval, questioning whether the polarisation technique is suitable to estimate maximum power transfer. Finally, a strategy towards the exploitation of a capacitive-like behaviour in \\{MFCs\\} is proposed, tapping into ?10min periods with up to 50% higher current and energy transfer that could prove important for MFC-powered applications.

Pablo Ledezma; Nicolas Degrenne; Pascal Bevilacqua; Franois Buret; Bruno Allard; John Greenman; Ioannis Ieropoulos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Steady-state nonequilibrium temperature gradients in hydrogen gasmetal systems: challenging the second law of thermodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differences in gas reaction rates between disparate surfaces have been proposed as a means to achieve steady-state pressure and temperature gradients within a single blackbody cavity, thereby challenging the second law of thermodynamics (Sheehan 1998 Phys. Rev. E 57 6660; Sheehan 2001 Phys. Lett. A 280 185; Capek and Sheehan 2005 Challenges to the Second Law of Thermodynamics (Theory and Experiment) (Fundamental Theories of Physics Series vol 146) (Dordrecht: Springer)). This paper reports on laboratory tests of this hypothesis; specifically, molecular hydrogen is found to dissociate preferentially on rhenium surfaces versus tungsten at identical elevated temperatures and reduced pressures (T?2100K; ). Steady-state nonequilibrium H/H2 ratios over the surfaces suggest that temperature gradients could be maintained under blackbody cavity conditions. Preliminary results from bimetallic blackbody cavity experiments are discussed.

D P Sheehan; J T Garamella; D J Mallin; W F Sheehan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A quasi-steady state model to predict attic heat transfer and energy savings in residences using radiant barriers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[10-14] for Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL) has focused on comparing energy reduction on three experimental houses operated by ORNL. Their research has consisted of both summer and winter tests of radiant barriers. Radiant Barrier...A QUASI-STEADY STATE MODEL TO PREDICT ATTIC HEAT TRANSFER AND ENERGY SAVINGS IN RESIDENCES USING RADIANT BARRIERS A Thesis by DAVID WALTER WINIARSKI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment...

Winiarski, David Walter

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

213

STEADY-STATE FLAMMABLE GAS RELEASE RATE CALCULATION AND LOWER FLAMMABILITY LEVEL EVALUATION FOR HANFORD TANK WASTE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Assess the steady-state flammability level at normal and off-normal ventilation conditions. The methodology of flammability analysis for Hanford tank waste is developed. The hydrogen generation rate model was applied to calculate the gas generation rate for 177 tanks. Flammability concentrations and the time to reach 25% and 100% of the lower flammability limit, and the minimum ventilation rate to keep from 100 of the LFL are calculated for 177 tanks at various scenarios.

HU TA

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

214

Spring 2005 Test #1 1. Steady state heat conduction in a slab with heat generation. (40 points)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and goes only in the r direction. The fluid density is , the heat capacity is Cp and the thermal to the surroundings is given by a heat transfer coefficient and Newton's law of cooling q(R) = h (T(R) -T0). a. WriteChEg 356 Spring 2005 Test #1 2/17/05 1. Steady state heat conduction in a slab with heat generation

McCready, Mark J.

215

Latest progress in steady state plasma research on the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute Tokamak-60 Upgrade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The JT-60U [Y. Kusama and the JT-60 team Phys. Plasmas 6 1935 (1999)] high performance plasmas such as high poloidal-beta high-confinement mode (high ? p H-mode) and reversed magnetic shear (RS) plasmas have been optimized towards a regime of steady state operation concerning high confinement high ? and high bootstrap current fraction which are requirements of a steady state fusion plasma. What is essential to keep improved confinement in these plasmas is to maintain the internal and/or the edge transport barriers (ITB and/or ETB). A key issue to achieve non-inductive current drive relevant to a steady state fusion reactor is to increase the fraction of the bootstrap current and match the spatial profile to the optimum. In JT-60U RS plasmas have been optimized not only for the high performance but also for reactor relevant steady state research. In 1999 as the result of the optimization the equivalent deuteriumtritium (DT) fusion gain (Q DT eq ) of 0.5 was sustained for 0.8 s which is roughly equal to the energy confinement time by utilizing feedback control of the stored energy. Furthermore in a RS plasma with H-mode edge a confinement enhancement factor of 3.6 was maintained for 2.7 s with a large bootstrap current fraction. In addition to the existing radio frequency and the negative-ion based neutral beam heating systems the newly installed electron cyclotron range of frequency system extended the improved confinement study to a regime where the electron temperature is higher than the ion temperature. The required power to obtain the internal transport barrier in a RS plasma was found not to be sensitive to the toroidal magnetic field. The regime of improved confinement was extended to higher electron density using argon puffing.

S. Ide; JT-60 Team

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Growth & Development / Parental Care  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

participate; if one parents is lost, fledging rates usually drop #12;Winkler reduced clutch size from 5 to 3Growth & Development / Parental Care #12;Embryonic Development Although the sequence of 42 stages the egg The hatching muscle helps the chick break out of the egg Parents typically dispose of the egg

Butler, Christopher J.

217

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TRANSFORMED DSM TARGETS GROWTH ... DSM CHIEF Executive Officer Feike Sijbesma refers to Charles Darwin when talking about his companys transformation. ... In the past 10 years, DSM has transformed itself, shifting its portfolio from petrochemicals and specialties to life sciences and materials. ...

PAIGE MARIE MORSE

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

218

Role of Nucleation and Growth in Two-Phase Microstructure Formation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the directional solidification of peritectic alloys, a rich variety of two-phase microstructures develop, and the selection process of a specific microstructure is complicated due to the following two considerations. (1) In contrast to many single phase and eutectic microstructures that grow under steady state conditions, two-phase microstructures in a peritectic system often evolve under non-steady-state conditions that can lead to oscillatory microstructures, and (2) the microstructure is often governed by both the nucleation and the competitive growth of the two phases in which repeated nucleation can occur due to the change in the local conditions during growth. In this research, experimental studies in the Sn-Cd system were designed to isolate the effects of nucleation and competitive growth on the dynamics of complex microstructure formation. Experiments were carried out in capillary samples to obtain diffusive growth conditions so that the results can be analyzed quantitatively. At high thermal gradient and low velocity, oscillatory microstructures were observed in which repeated nucleation of the two phases was observed at the wall-solid-liquid junction. Quantitative measurements of nucleation undercooling were obtained for both the primary and the peritectic phase nucleation, and three different ampoule materials were used to examine the effect of different contact angles at the wall on nucleation undercooling. Nucleation undercooling for each phase was found to be very small, and the experimental undercooling values were orders of magnitude smaller than that predicted by the classical theory of nucleation. A new nucleation mechanism is proposed in which the clusters of atoms at the wall ahead of the interface can become a critical nucleus when the cluster encounters the triple junction. Once the nucleation of a new phase occurs, the microstructure is found to be controlled by the relative growth of the two phases that give rise to different oscillatory microstructures that depend on the imposed velocity and the size of the sample. At low thermal gradient to velocity ratio, a steady-state composite microstructure is observed. Two mechanisms of composite microstructure formation were examined: (1) the formation of the peritectic phase in the intercellular region of the primary phase where the solute rejected by the primary phase is absorbed by the peritectic phase. The peritectic phase forms a small distance behind the growing primary phase front. (2) The second mechanism is the coupled growth of the two phases with a macroscopically planar interface, as in the case of eutectic growth. Detailed studies showed that this composite microstructure, although it appears as a eutectic microstructure, did not grow in the coupled manner at the advancing interface in the Sn-cd system. However, a new observation was made when experiments were carried out in thin ampoule of Ta. The peritectic phase nucleated at the wall-interface triple junction and grew along the wall, while the primary phase continued to grow at the center, giving rise to a steady-state couple growth at some specific velocity. The mechanism of coupled growth in this case was shown to be operative due to the presence of a finite contact angle at the wall, and this was demonstrated by including the contact angle effect at the wall in the rod eutectic growth model. The experimental results were summarized to map out the conditions of thermal gradient and velocity on the regimes of composite and oscillatory microstructure formation. The formation of complex time-dependent microstructures was then discussed in terms of the time-dependent dynamics of planar interface growth.

Jong Ho Shin

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

220

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Pine Tree Growth Locations  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Pine Tree Growth Locations Pine Tree Growth Locations Name: Amielee Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Why do pine trees not grow south of the equator? Replies: Dear Amielee, The natural distribution of the pines is the northern hemisphere: http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/eukaryotes/green_plants/embryophytes/conif ers/pinaceae/pinus/pinus.html However, pines have become introduced into the southern hemisphere through cultivation: http://www.woodweb.com/~treetalk/Radiata_Pine/wowhome.html Sincerely, Anthony R. Brach, Ph.D. Hi Amielee Some pine trees do live south of the equator but we (I live in Australia) do not have the huge forests of native conifers that you have in the northern hemisphere. Even in the northern hemisphere conifers are only found in two forest types: 1. Tiaga

222

Web Growth of Semiconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel process for growth of diamond?lattice semiconductors is described and a model is proposed for the growth mechanism. For germanium the process yields extended thin flat sheets typically 1 cm wide and 0.1 mm thick of good crystalline quality and relatively flat {111} surfaces. The sheet or web freezes from a liquid film drawn up by surface tension between two coplanar dendrites which originate from a single seed and are grown from the melt simultaneously with the sheet. Resistivity throughout the sheet is quite uniform. Etching of germanium webs shows them to be essentially dislocation?free and does not reveal any microsegregation of impurities. Silicon and indium antimonide have also been grown in this manner.

S. O'Hara; A. I. Bennett

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

224

Fostering Growth | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fostering Growth Fostering Growth The solar energy industry in the United States is growing rapidly as the price of solar panels has decreased over the past decade. U.S. solar...

225

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

226

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

227

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

228

The Growth of Fishes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growth of Fishes Growth of Fishes Nature Bulletin No. 272-A June 3, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F, Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE GROWTH OF FISHES Baby fish, by the millions, are hatching now every day in our lakes, streams and ponds. Some kinds come from eggs sown broadcast among water plants; others from eggs laid in clusters or nests; some from masses of eggs hidden in underwater holes; while the eggs of many little fish, such as minnows and darters, are attached in neat patches to the underside of rocks or sunken logs. For some time before hatching, the young fish can be seen wriggling inside the eggs. Newly hatched baby fish -- or fry, as they should be called -- look much alike, regardless of the size or appearance of their parents. Each is almost transparent except for the large dark eyes and a bulging stomach which encloses yolk from the egg. Under a magnifying glass, the pumping red heart can be seen and the mouth gulping water. The tiny fins are beginning to form, a few dots of dark pigment may show in the skin, but there is little or no sign of scales. They vary from an eighth to a half inch or more in length, depending upon the species and the size of the egg.

229

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

230

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

231

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

232

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

233

R&D Requirements, RF Gun Mode Studies, FEL-2 Steady-State Studies, Preliminary FEL-1 Time-Dependent Studies, and Preliminary Layout Option Investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R&D Requirements, RF Gun Mode Studies, FEL-2 Steady-Stateinitial studies of the RF gun mode-coupling and potentialas more novel rf photocathode gun configurations these may

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size Distribution and Growth Rate. Direct Observation of Aggregative Nanoparticle Growth: Kinetic Modeling of the Size...

235

An analytical solution to steady-state temperature distribution of N-layer viscoelastic suspensions used in crawler vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An analytical method is proposed for solving the steady-state temperature distribution of N-layer viscoelastic suspensions with non-uniform heat generation. To find the temperature distribution laws of the suspension, the heat flow and temperature distribution formulas are derived. Two numerical examples are performed to verify the correction of the derived formulas. The temperature results obtained by the derived formulas are compared with those obtained by Finite Element Method (FEM). The results show strong consistency with each other, which indicates that the proposed method is valid and feasible. The derived formulas can provide reference for the development of high performance N-layer viscoelastic suspensions.

Yong Song; Dagang Sun; Xin Zhang; Bijuan Yan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Tritium distribution in the environment in the vicinity of a chronic atmospheric source-assessment of the steady state hypothesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a major radionuclide production center. Tritium has been released to the atmosphere over the 36 year period of operation. The tritiated water concentration of the atmosphere, rain, vegetation and food have been routinely monitored during this period. Special studies have been made of tritium in soils and in the organic fractions of these same materials. The available data suggest that the average tritium concentration in the components of the terrestrial environment have approached a steady state with the two main sources of tritium, rainfall and atmospheric water vapor.

Murphy, C.E. Jr.; Bauer, L.R.; Zeigler, C.C.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Tritium distribution in the environment in the vicinity of a chronic atmospheric source-assessment of the steady state hypothesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a major radionuclide production center. Tritium has been released to the atmosphere over the 36 year period of operation. The tritiated water concentration of the atmosphere, rain, vegetation and food have been routinely monitored during this period. Special studies have been made of tritium in soils and in the organic fractions of these same materials. The available data suggest that the average tritium concentration in the components of the terrestrial environment have approached a steady state with the two main sources of tritium, rainfall and atmospheric water vapor.

Murphy, C.E. Jr.; Bauer, L.R.; Zeigler, C.C.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

On the effect of the steady-state approximation in time-space composite studies of mesoscale convective systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE EFFECT OF THE STRA 'Y-STATE APPROXIMATION IN TIME-SPACE COMPOSITE STUDIES OF MESOSCALE CONVECTIVE SYSTEMS A Thesis KEVIN MORGAN MATTISON Subnitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillnent... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Decenber 1992 Major Subject: Meteorology ON THE EFFECT OF THE STEADY-STATE APPROXINATIOH IN TIME-SPACE COMPOSITE STUDIES OF NESOSCALE COHVECTIVE SYSTENS A Thesis KEVIN MORGAN NATTISOH Approved as to style...

Mattison, Kevin Morgan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

The Evaluation of the Heat Loading from Steady, Transient, and Off-Normal Conditions in ARIES Power Plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heat loading on plasma facing components (PFCs) provides a critical limitation for design and operation of the first wall, divertor, and other special components. Power plants will have high power entering the scrape-off layer and transporting to the first wall and divertor. Although the design for steady heat loads is understood, the approach for transient and offnormal loading is not. The characterization of heat loads developed for ITER1 can be applied to power plants to better develop the operating space of viable solutions and point to research focus areas.

C.E. Kessel, M.S. Tillack and J. Blanchard

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

240

Using bioprocess stoichiometry to build a plant-wide mass balance based steady-state WWTP model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Steady-state models are useful for design of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) because they allow reactor sizes and interconnecting flows to be simply determined from explicit equations in terms of unit operation performance criteria. Once the overall WWTP scheme is established and the main system defining parameters of the individual unit operations estimated, dynamic models can be applied to the connected unit operations to refine their design and evaluate their performance under dynamic flow and load conditions. To model anaerobic digestion (AD) within plant-wide WWTP models, not only COD and nitrogen (N) but also carbon (C) fluxes entering the AD need to be defined. Current plant-wide models, like benchmark simulation model No 2 (BSM2), impose a C flux at the AD influent. In this paper, the COD and N mass balance steady-state models of activated sludge (AS) organics degradation, nitrification and denitrification (ND) and anaerobic (AD) and aerobic (AerD) digestion of wastewater sludge are extended and linked with bioprocess transformation stoichiometry to form C, H, O, N, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and charge mass balance based models so that also C (and H and O) can be tracked through the whole WWTP. By assigning a stoichiometric composition (x, y, z and a in CxHyOzNa) to each of the five main influent wastewater organic fractions and ammonia, these, and the products generated from them via the biological processes, are tracked through the WWTP. The model is applied to two theoretical case study \\{WWTPs\\} treating the same raw wastewater (WW) to the same final sludge residual biodegradable COD. It is demonstrated that much useful information can be generated with the relatively simple steady-state models to aid WWTP layout design and track the different products exiting the WWTP via the solid, liquid and gas streams, such as aerobic versus anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge, N loads in recycle streams, methane production for energy recovery and green house gas (CO2, CH4) generation. To reduce trial and error usage of WWTP simulation software, it is recommended that they are extended to include pre-processors based on mass balance steady-state models to assist with WWTP layout design, unit operation selection, reactor sizing, option evaluation and comparison and wastewater characterization before dynamic simulation.

G.A. Ekama

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

On the Stability of Nonequilibrium Steady-States for the Electrode Processes at a Streaming Mercury Electrode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

On the Stability of Nonequilibrium Steady-States for the Electrode Processes at a Streaming Mercury Electrode ... Therefore, if the theoretical description of nonlinear phenomena is intended to be compared directly with the real electrochemical process, as in the present paper, the mathematical dependencies must be based on the equations related strictly to all of these specific features of the experimental system. ... Finally, both diagrams from Figure 6 qualitatively resemble the shape of the diagram of the interrelated oscillations and bistability, proposed by the Boissonade and De Kepper1,26 for the description of a large class of nonelectrochemical dynamical systems. ...

Marek Orlik; Rafa? Jurczakowski

2002-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

242

Standard for the determination of steady-state neutron reaction-rate distributions and reactivity of nuclear power reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

American National Standard ANSI/ANS*-19.3-2005 [1] covers 'The Determination of Steady-State Neutron Reaction-Rate Distributions and Reactivity of Nuclear Power Reactors'. The 2005 version is a new revision of this Standard, which had previously been issued in 1995. In this revision, the sections on the various types of power reactors have been updated to cover the latest methodologies of calculation in current use, and a section on HWR [CANDU{sup R}] reactors has been added. Also, the sections on verification and validation were revised to more fully define, discuss, and distinguish between these topics, and describe actions related to them. (authors)

Rouben, B. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, 2251 Speakman Drive, Mississauga, Ont. L5K 1B2 (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Anticipating the unintended consequences of security dynamics.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a globalized world, dramatic changes within any one nation causes ripple or even tsunamic effects within neighbor nations and nations geographically far removed. Multinational interventions to prevent or mitigate detrimental changes can easily cause secondary unintended consequences more detrimental and enduring than the feared change instigating the intervention. This LDRD research developed the foundations for a flexible geopolitical and socioeconomic simulation capability that focuses on the dynamic national security implications of natural and man-made trauma for a nation-state and the states linked to it through trade or treaty. The model developed contains a database for simulating all 229 recognized nation-states and sovereignties with the detail of 30 economic sectors including consumers and natural resources. The model explicitly simulates the interactions among the countries and their governments. Decisions among governments and populations is based on expectation formation. In the simulation model, failed expectations are used as a key metric for tension across states, among ethnic groups, and between population factions. This document provides the foundational documentation for the model.

Backus, George A.; Overfelt, James Robert; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Saltiel, David H.; Simon Paul Moulton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Anticipated Fiscal Policy and Adaptive Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

budget and bonds are in zero net supply so that ? t = gt, and bt?1 = 0. Hence, bt in Section 2 may be interpreted as lending to other households and this must equal zero in equilibrium. Before considering the learning scenario, we consider what happens... with less than fully rational expectations However, in their approach agents know the full structural economic model and are impeded by calculation costs. 2 edge of the overall structure of the economy remains incomplete. More specifically, we consider a...

Evans, George W; Honkapohja, Seppo; Kaushik, Mitra

245

MODELLING ANTICIPATIONS ON FINANCIAL MARKETS Contents ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Related to this is Stricker's theorem (see [44]): If a process is a semimartingale in an enlarged filtration, then it is a semimartingale in its own filtration.

2014-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

246

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Plant Growth and Photosynthesis Name: Jack Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Do plants have any other way of growing besides photosythesis? Plants do not use photosynthesis to grow!!! They use cellular respiration just like every other organism to process energy into work. Plants use oxygen just like we do. Photosynthesis is principally only a process to change sunlight into a chemical form for storage. Replies: Check out our archives for more information. www.newton.dep.anl.gov/archive.htm Steve Sample Jack, Several kinds of flowering plants survive without the use of chlorophyll which is what makes plants green and able to produce sugar through photosynthesis. Dodder is a parasitic nongreen (without chlorophyll) plant that is commonly found growing on jewelweed and other plants in damp areas. Dodder twines around its host, (A host is an organism that has fallen victim to a parasite.), like a morning glory and attaches itself at certain points along the stem where it absorbs sugar and nutrients from the hosts sap.

247

China urges rapid growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This time last year China's paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, launched the country on another bout of fast-paced economic growth and restructuring. After three years of riding out political and economic clampdown, foreign chemical companies were jerked awake by major changes in China's chemical industry. As the state becomes less involved with managing the economy, unleashing 12% gross national product growth, closer involvement with domestic factories has become attractive and essential. MCI officials say government funds will now be channeled toward clearing energy and transport bottlenecks, and chemical enterprises will be given more chance to turn a profit. They will be allowed to issue shares, seek foreign investment partners themselves, and bypass trading companies like China National Import-Export Corp. (Sinochem), the former state monopoly. Foreign analysts question whether China's finances and oil resources can support expansion. Even if they can, Cai estimates that ethylene imports will remain around the present level of 1 million tons. To further guarantee chemical supplies, China has invested in urea and polypropylene plants in the US and polystyrene plant in Hong Kong.

Hendry, S.

1993-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

248

Argentina: export-biased growth versus import-biased growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ARGENTINA. : EXPORT-BIASED GROWTH VERSUS IMPORT-BIASED GROWTH A Thesis by MICHAEL PAGE BRADLEY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AkM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1972... Major Subject: Economics ARGENTINA: EXPORT-BIASED GROWTH VERSUS IMPORT-BIASED GROWTH A Thesis by MICHAEL PAGE BRADLEY Approved as to style and content by: rman o omit ee ea o Depar men em er Mem er May 1&72 ABSTRACT Argentina: Export...

Bradley, Michael Page

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Information externality, bank structure, and growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation addresses the question of whether a monopolistic banking system can lead to a higher steady state level of capital stock. Specifically, this research analyzes the comparative advantage of a monopoly banking system. By doing that...

Doh, Bo-Eun

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

250

A free dendritic growth model accommodating curved phase boundaries and high Peclet number conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A steady-state free dendrite growth model accommodating nonlocal equilibrium tip conditions and curved liquidus and solidus has been developed. The developed model assumes a dendrite tip of a paraboloid of revolution and is applicable to dendrite growth in dilute binary alloys for all values of P{sub c}, and reduces to the BCT model for linear liquidus and solidus. The marginal stability criterion of Trivedi and Kurz is shown to apply even in the presence of kinetic undercooling and curved phase boundaries when used with an appropriate concentration-dependent liquidus slope. The model is applied to Sn-Pb alloys to predict the tip velocity, tip radius, solute trapping, and four components of undercooling in the quasi-solutal, solutal-to-thermal transition and quasi-thermal regions.

DiVenuti, A.G. [Tufts Univ., Medford, MA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Ando, T. [Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Industrial and Mfg. Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Growth model for carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evidence is presented, through high-resolution electron microscopy images, for the open-end growth of carbon nanotubes. Terminations of incomplete layers of carbon, seen on the tube surfaces and cone tips, suggest that the extension and thickening of the tubes occur by the island growth of graphite basal planes on existing tube surfaces. The nucleation of positive (pentagons) and negative (heptagons) disclinations on open tube ends results in changes of growth directions, producing different morphologies. A novel structure that shows complete turn around growth, involving pentagon-heptagon pairs, of the tubular assemblies is presented.

Sumio Iijima; P. M. Ajayan; T. Ichihashi

1992-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

252

Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 24, 2014 ... Adopting standard terminology, we refer to the portfolio managed under the Kelly strategy as the growth-optimal portfolio. This portfolio displays...

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

253

Military Expenditure, Threats, and Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a country's external military threat; lgdp is the log ofMilitary Expenditure, Threats, and Growth * September 2003expenditure, external threats, corruption, and other

Aizenman, Joshua; Glick, Reuven

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Theory of gyroresonance and free-free emissions from non-Maxwellian quasi-steady-state electron distributions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Currently there is a concern about ability of the classical thermal (Maxwellian) distribution to describe quasi-steady-state plasma in solar atmosphere including active regions. In particular, other distributions have been proposed to better fit observations, for example, kappa- and $n$-distributions. If present, these distributions will generate radio emissions with different observable properties compared with the classical gyroresonance (GR) or free-free emission, which implies a way of remote detecting these non-Maxwellian distributions in the radio observations. Here we present analytically derived GR and free-free emissivities and absorption coefficients for the kappa- and $n$-distributions and discuss their properties, which are in fact remarkably different from each other and from the classical Maxwellian plasma. In particular, the radio brightness temperature from a gyrolayer increases with the optical depth $\\tau$ for kappa-distribution, but decreases with $\\tau$ for $n$-distribution. This property ...

Fleishman, Gregory D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Steady-state domain wall motion driven by adiabatic spin-transfer torque with assistance of microwave field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the current-induced displacement of a 180 Bloch wall by means of micromagnetic simulation and analytical approach. It is found that the adiabatic spin-transfer torque can sustain a steady-state domain wall (DW) motion in the direction opposite to that of the electron flow without Walker Breakdown when a transverse microwave field is applied. This kind of motion is very sensitive to the microwave frequency and can be resonantly enhanced by exciting the domain wall thickness oscillation mode. A one-dimensional analytical model was established to account for the microwave-assisted wall motion. These findings may be helpful for reducing the critical spin-polarized current density and designing DW-based spintronic devices.

Wang, Xi-guang; Guo, Guang-hua, E-mail: guogh@mail.csu.edu.cn; Nie, Yao-zhuang; Xia, Qing-lin; Tang, Wei [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China)] [School of Physics and Electronics, Central South University, Changsha 410083 (China); Wang, D. [Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)] [Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Zeng, Zhong-ming [Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China)] [Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou 215123 (China)

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

256

Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes R. Vajtai 1 B. Q. Wei 2 P. M. Ajayan...Rouge, LA 70803-5901, USA Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic...state-of-the-art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(particularly autos) comprises a large share of total energy consumption, its reduction through more compact in transportation energy consumption resulting from Smart Growth planning. Since energy consumed by transportationCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA SMART GROWTH ENERGY SAVINGS MPO SURVEY FINDINGS SEPTEMBER

258

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

259

Growth Energetics of Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growth energetics of carbon nanotubes during arc discharge conditions are investigated. Ab initio molecular dynamics calcualtions show that the electric field alone cannot stabilize the growth of open metallic tubes. The addition of atoms and small clusters to tubes were studied using realistic atomic potentials. Deposition on tubes narrower than 3 nm leads to nucleation of curved defects (adjacent pentagon pairs) and eventual tube closure, while deposition on wider tubes favors the formation of hexagons and isolated pentagons, thereby promoting open-ended growth.

A. Maiti; C. J. Brabec; C. M. Roland; J. Bernholc

1994-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

STEADY STATE FLAMMABLE GAS RELEASE RATE CALCULATION & LOWER FLAMMABILITY LEVEL EVALUATION FOR HANFORD TANK WASTE [SEC 1 & 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flammable gases such as hydrogen, ammonia, and methane are observed in the tank dome space of the Hanford Site high-level waste tanks. This report assesses the steady-state flammability level under normal and off-normal ventilation conditions in the tank dome space for 177 double-shell tanks and single-shell tanks at the Hanford Site. The steady-state flammability level was estimated from the gas concentration of the mixture in the dome space using estimated gas release rates, Le Chatelier's rule and lower flammability limits of fuels in an air mixture. A time-dependent equation of gas concentration, which is a function of the gas release and ventilation rates in the dome space, has been developed for both soluble and insoluble gases. With this dynamic model, the time required to reach the specified flammability level at a given ventilation condition can be calculated. In the evaluation, hydrogen generation rates can be calculated for a given tank waste composition and its physical condition (e.g., waste density, waste volume, temperature, etc.) using the empirical rate equation model provided in Empirical Rate Equation Model and Rate Calculations of Hydrogen Generation for Hanford Tank Waste, HNF-3851. The release rate of other insoluble gases and the mass transport properties of the soluble gas can be derived from the observed steady-state gas concentration under normal ventilation conditions. The off-normal ventilation rate is assumed to be natural barometric breathing only. A large body of data is required to do both the hydrogen generation rate calculation and the flammability level evaluation. For tank waste that does not have sample-based data, a statistical-based value from probability distribution regression was used based on data from tanks belonging to a similar waste group. This report (Revision 3) updates the input data of hydrogen generation rates calculation for 177 tanks using the waste composition information in the Best-Basis Inventory Detail Report in the Tank Waste Information Network System, and the waste temperature data in the Surveillance Analysis Computer System (SACS) (dated July 2003). However, the release rate of methane, ammonia, and nitrous oxide is based on the input data (dated October 1999) as stated in Revision 0 of this report. Scenarios for adding waste to existing waste levels (dated July 2003) have been studied to determine the gas generation rates and the effect of smaller dome space on the flammability limits to address the issues of routine water additions and other possible waste transfer operations. In the flammability evaluation with zero ventilation, the sensitivity to waste temperature and to water addition was calculated for double-shell tanks 241-AY-102, 241-AN-102,241-AZ-101,241-AN-107,241-AY-101 and 241-AZ-101. These six have the least margin to flammable conditions among 28 double-shell tanks.

HU, T.A.

2003-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Pre-Steady-State Analysis of ATP Hydrolysis by Saccharomyces cereVisiae DNA Topoisomerase II. 2. Kinetic Mechanism for the Sequential Hydrolysis of Two  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pre-Steady-State Analysis of ATP Hydrolysis by Saccharomyces cereVisiae DNA Topoisomerase II. 2. Kinetic Mechanism for the Sequential Hydrolysis of Two ATP Timothy T. Harkins,,| Timothy J. Lewis two ATP and rapidly hydrolyzes at least one of them before encountering a slow step in the reaction

Lewis, Timothy

262

Impact of ethanol and butanol as oxygenates on SIDI engine efficiency and emissions using steady-state and transient test procedures  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Alcohols as gasoline blending agent at up to 85 vol-% levels were evaluated in a 2.2L direct injection SI engine for combustion, engine efficiency, and engine-out emissions effects at steady-state and transient test conditions

263

Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bacterial Growth H. L. Smith 1 Simple Models Bacteria are the dominant form of life on the planet the concentration of the nutrient in the media (grams/liter) and N(t) de

Smith, Hal

264

Parameterized Beyond-Einstein Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single parameter, the gravitational growth index gamma, succeeds in characterizing the growth of density perturbations in the linear regime separately from the effects of the cosmic expansion. The parameter is restricted to a very narrow range for models of dark energy obeying the laws of general relativity but can take on distinctly different values in models of beyond-Einstein gravity. Motivated by the parameterized post-Newtonian (PPN) formalism for testing gravity, we analytically derive and extend the gravitational growth index, or Minimal Modified Gravity, approach to parameterizing beyond-Einstein cosmology. The analytic formalism demonstrates how to apply the growth index parameter to early dark energy, time-varying gravity, DGP braneworld gravity, and some scalar-tensor gravity.

Linder, Eric; Linder, Eric V.; Cahn, Robert N.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

Cosmic Growth History and Expansion History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the expansion history dark energy equation of state,and growth history constraints on the dark energy equationand growth history constraints on the dark energy equation

Linder, Eric V.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Camptothecine, a selective plant growth regulator ... The literature documents several hundred plant products that appear to exhibit growth-regulating activity. ...

J. George Buta; Joseph F. Worley

1976-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Application Of ERT For Tracking CO2 Plume Growth And Movement At The SECARB Cranfield Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) installed to track the development of an injected subsurface CO{sub 2} plume at the SECARB Cranfield, MS. sequestration site will be the deepest subsurface application of this method to date. ERT utilizes vertical arrays of electrodes, usually in a cross-well arrangement, to perform four-electrode measurements of changes in the spatial distribution of electrical resistance within a subsurface formation. Because a formation containing super-critical CO{sub 2} is approximately five times as resistive as its surroundings, significant resistance changes are anticipated during plume growth and movement within a brine-filled formation. ERT has also been shown to be quite sensitive to CO{sub 2} saturation changes. The Cranfield ERT electrode arrays will be emplaced at a depth exceeding 10,000 ft. (3280 m); the system design and installation must address significant challenges associated with both the depth and borehole conditions including temperatures of 258 F (126 C), pressures exceeding 5000 psi and a groundwater pH of 3. In addition, the system must allow co-located emplacement and concurrent operation with other monitoring techniques that utilize the same boreholes. ERT electrode and cabling will be attached to the outside of the well casing, allowing free access to the interior of the well, which is required by some of the other monitoring techniques being fielded. We will highlight these design challenges along with preliminary simulations indicating the anticipated level of imaging and the advantages of applying the technique in conjunction with other methods (such as cross-well seismics) to more accurately track the properties, location and movement of CO{sub 2} plumes.

Carrigan, C R; Ramirez, A L; Newmark, R L; Aines, R; Friedmann, S J

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

268

A steady-state heat-transfer model for solids deposition from waxy mixtures in a pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A steady-state heat-transfer model is presented for the formation of a deposit-layer from waxsolvent waxy mixtures in a pipeline under turbulent flow. The waxy mixture is taken to enter the pipeline under the single-phase hot flow regime (where the average mixture temperature is higher than its wax appearance temperature, WAT) and, upon gradual cooling, the mixture transitions into the cold flow regime (where its average temperature is lower than its WAT). The cold flow regime is characterized by two-phase flow, in which solid particles are suspended in the liquid phase. The effect of deposit aging is incorporated via a shear-induced deformation approach proposed in the literature. The model predictions are reported for the deposit thickness, waxy mixture temperature, pressure drop and the rate of heat loss in the hot flow and cold flow regimes for a range of inlet mixture temperature, surrounding temperature, and the Reynolds number. The predicted deposit thickness is shown to increase axially in the hot flow regime, to reach a maximum as the liquid temperature approaches the WAT of the waxsolvent mixture, and to decrease gradually to zero in the cold flow regime. The trends in the model predictions compare satisfactorily with those reported from bench-scale experimental studies as well as the predictions from an unsteady state moving boundary problem formulation.

Samira Haj-Shafiei; Dalia Serafini; Anil K. Mehrotra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Method and apparatus for steady-state magnetic measurement of poloidal magnetic field near a tokamak plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for the steady-state measurement of poloidal magnetic field near a tokamak plasma, where the tokamak is configured with respect to a cylindrical coordinate system having z, phi (toroidal), and r axes. The method is based on combining the two magnetic field principles of induction and torque. The apparatus includes a rotor assembly having a pair of inductive magnetic field pickup coils which are concentrically mounted, orthogonally oriented in the r and z directions, and coupled to remotely located electronics which include electronic integrators for determining magnetic field changes. The rotor assembly includes an axle oriented in the toroidal direction, with the axle mounted on pivot support brackets which in turn are mounted on a baseplate. First and second springs are located between the baseplate and the rotor assembly restricting rotation of the rotor assembly about its axle, the second spring providing a constant tensile preload in the first spring. A strain gauge is mounted on the first spring, and electronic means to continually monitor strain gauge resistance variations is provided. Electronic means for providing a known current pulse waveform to be periodically injected into each coil to create a time-varying torque on the rotor assembly in the toroidal direction causes mechanical strain variations proportional to the torque in the mounting means and springs so that strain gauge measurement of the variation provides periodic magnetic field measurements independent of the magnetic field measured by the electronic integrators.

Woolley, R.D.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

A Numerical Model Without Truncation Error for a Steady-State Analysis of a Once-Through Steam Generator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To overcome the drawbacks of conventional schemes for a numerical analysis of a steam generator (SG), an efficient numerical model has been developed to analyze the steady state of a once-through-type SG where the feedwater is heated to superheated steam. In the developed model, the temperature and enthalpy are defined at the boundary of a calculation cell, and the exact solutions for the temperature distribution in a calculation cell are utilized. This feature of the developed model frees calculation from the undesirable effects of numerical diffusion, and only a small number of nodes are required. Also, the developed model removes the ambiguity from the parameter values at the inlet and exit of a calculation.The BoSupSG-SS computer code was developed by using the analysis model, and it performed well with only three calculation nodes to analyze a superheated SG. The developed model can be effectively used for the cases where a fast one-dimensional calculation is required such as an SG or system design analysis.

Sim, Yoon Sub; Kim, Eui Kwang; Eoh, Jae Hyuk [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of)

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Steady-state film-boiling data in rod-bundle geometry and non-equilibrium correlation assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of 22 steady-state, rod bundle, dispersed flow film boiling experiments has been performed in the Thermal-Hydraulic Test Facility (THTF), a pressurized-water loop containing 64 full-length electrically heated rods. Test parameters in the upflow experiments cover a wide range of conditions typical of those which might be encountered during a nuclear reactor loss-of-coolant accident. Local equilibrium fluid conditions were calculated using mass and energy conservation considerations. Experimentally determined heat transfer coefficients were compared to several available film boiling heat transfer correlations: Dougall-Rohsenow, Groeneveld 5.7, Groeneveld-Delorme, Chen, Jones-Zuber, and Yoder-Rohsenow. The Groeneveld 5.7 correlation tended to predict the data better than any other correlation tested. The Dougall-Rohsenow correlation tends to overpredict the data while the Yoder-Rohsenow correlation predicted the data better than the other nonequilibrium correlations examined. However, all of the nonequilibrium correlations generally underpredict the heat transfer.

Yoder, G.L.; Morris, D.G.; Mullins, C.B.; Ott, L.J.; Reed, D.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Low-recycling conditions and improved core confinement in steady-state operation scenarios in JET (Joint European Torus)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the phenomena that link particle recycling from the vessel walls in the L-mode during discharge start-up and the core confinement in the H-mode during the subsequent main heating phase. We consider available data of JET experiments that aimed at approaching fully non-inductive ITER-relevant steady-state conditions and show that the high electron temperature produced at the edge by a low recycling during start-up tends to favour the build-up of high normalized ?(?N) regimes in the H-mode, the confinement being improved in a large plasma volume. To provide an insight into this complex phenomenon we have modelled the relation between particle recycling in the scrape-off layer and the evolution of plasma transport, plasma current density and shear as well as the stability properties for such experimental conditions. The results confirm the existence of a link between the confinement in the H-mode phase and the values at the edge of electron temperature, bootstrap current density and local magnetic shear during start-up. Such a link could favour these regimes to be self-sustained in time.

R Cesario; L Amicucci; A Fonseca; I T Chapman; F Jenko; M Marinucci; S Saarelma; P Smeulders; D Told; R Zagorski; Y Baranov; M Beurskens; R De Angelis; D Mc Donald; C Challis; A Galli; J Mailloux; V Pericoli; M Zerbini; the EFDA-JET Contributors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Method and apparatus for steady-state magnetic measurement of poloidal magnetic field near a tokamak plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are disclosed for the steady-state measurement of poloidal magnetic field near a tokamak plasma, where the tokamak is configured with respect to a cylindrical coordinate system having z, phi (toroidal), and r axes. The method is based on combining the two magnetic field principles of induction and torque. The apparatus includes a rotor assembly having a pair of inductive magnetic field pickup coils which are concentrically mounted, orthogonally oriented in the r and z directions, and coupled to remotely located electronics which include electronic integrators for determining magnetic field changes. The rotor assembly includes an axle oriented in the toroidal direction, with the axle mounted on pivot support brackets which in turn are mounted on a baseplate. First and second springs are located between the baseplate and the rotor assembly restricting rotation of the rotor assembly about its axle, the second spring providing a constant tensile preload in the first spring. A strain gauge is mounted on the first spring, and electronic means to continually monitor strain gauge resistance variations is provided. Electronic means for providing a known current pulse waveform to be periodically injected into each coil to create a time-varying torque on the rotor assembly in the toroidal direction causes mechanical strain variations proportional to the torque in the mounting means and springs so that strain gauge measurement of the variation provides periodic magnetic field measurements independent of the magnetic field measured by the electronic integrators. 6 figs.

Woolley, R.D.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

Method and apparatus for steady-state magnetic measurement of poloidal magnetic field near a tokamak plasma  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for the steady-state measurement of poloidal magnetic field near a tokamak plasma, where the tokamak is configured with respect to a cylindrical coordinate system having z, phi (toroidal), and r axes. The method is based on combining the two magnetic field principles of induction and torque. The apparatus includes a rotor assembly having a pair of inductive magnetic field pickup coils which are concentrically mounted, orthogonally oriented in the r and z directions, and coupled to remotely located electronics which include electronic integrators for determining magnetic field changes. The rotor assembly includes an axle oriented in the toroidal direction, with the axle mounted on pivot support brackets which in turn are mounted on a baseplate. First and second springs are located between the baseplate and the rotor assembly restricting rotation of the rotor assembly about its axle, the second spring providing a constant tensile preload in the first spring. A strain gauge is mounted on the first spring, and electronic means to continually monitor strain gauge resistance variations is provided. Electronic means for providing a known current pulse waveform to be periodically injected into each coil to create a time-varying torque on the rotor assembly in the toroidal direction causes mechanical strain variations proportional to the torque in the mounting means and springs so that strain gauge measurement of the variation provides periodic magnetic field measurements independent of the magnetic field measured by the electronic integrators.

Woolley, Robert D. (Hillsborough, NJ)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Steady-state analysis of a conceptual offshore wind turbine driven electricity and thermocline energy extraction plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A system for using offshore wind energy to generate electricity and simultaneously extract thermal energy is proposed. This concept is based on an offshore wind turbine driven hydraulic pump supplying deep seawater under high pressure to a land based plant consisting of a hydroelectric power generation unit and heat exchanger. A steady-state system model is developed using empirical formulae. The mathematical model comprises the fundamental system sub-models that are categorised as the rotor, hydraulic pump, pipeline, hydroelectric turbine and heat exchanger. A means for modelling the seawater temperature field across a two-dimensional bathymetry is also discussed. These mathematical models are integrated into a computational tool and a brief parametric static analysis is undertaken. The results illustrate the effect of pipeline diameter, rotational speed of the grid connected hydroelectric turbine, and the turbine distance from shore on the overall performance of the system. Through adequate parameter selection, the total rate of energy output for such a system, consisting of both electricity and thermal energy, is shown to increase by as much as 84%, when compared to a conventional wind turbine having an identical rotor diameter but which supplies only electrical energy.

Daniel Buhagiar; Tonio Sant

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

The development of a preliminary correlation of data on oxide growth on 6061 aluminum under ANS thermal-hydraulic conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The corrosion of aluminum alloy 6061 is being studied in a special test loop facility under the range of thermal-hydraulic conditions appropriate for fuel plate operation in the Advanced Neutron Source (ANS) reactor core. Experimental measurements describing the growth of the boehmite (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}H{sub 2}O) films on the exposed aluminum surfaces are now available for a range of coolant conditions and heat fluxes, and these results have been analyzed to demonstrate the influence of several important experimental variables. A subset of our data base particularly appropriate to the ANS conditions presently anticipated was used to develop a preliminary correlation based on an empirical oxidation model.

Pawel, R.E.; Yoder, G.L.; West, C.D.; Montgomery, B.H.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Steadying of oil prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oil prices have fallen below the 30 dollar mark ... in the lower half of OPECs target price band. Will OPEC manage to maintain high prices and revenues by restricting production?

Klaus Matthies

278

Steady State Crustal Spreading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... form at the axis of a mid-ocean ridge and ride down the continuously foundering "conveyor belt" toward the abyssal plains2. As soon, as vulcanism ceases, wave erosion begins ... ascended mantle material spreading from the axis of a ridge, the sinking rate of a parcel of oceanic crust may be only a function of time after extrusion. In that ...

PETER R. VOGT; NED A. OSTENSO

1967-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

279

Theory of carbon nanotube growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The kinetics of carbon nanotube growth under arc discharge conditions were investigated over different length and time scales using complementary numerical techniques. Relaxation by ab initio molecular dynamics (Car-Parrinello method) shows that large electric fields present at the tube tips are not the critical factor responsible for the open-ended growth observed experimentally. Classical molecular-dynamics simulations using realistic many-body carbon-carbon potentials show that wide tubes that are initially open can continue to grow straight and maintain an all-hexagonal structure. However, tubes narrower than a critical diameter, estimated to be about ?3 nm, readily nucleate curved, pentagonal structures that lead to tube closure with further addition of atoms. Very narrow tubes can be grown, however, if a small metal particle prevents tube closure. This effect was simulated explicitly by kinetic Monte Carlo methods. Monte Carlo simulations were also used to study nanotube growth over longer time scales. The resulting structures are in agreement with the above growth scenario, and provide an estimate for the lowest tube tip temperature necessary for the growth of nanotubes.

A. Maiti; C. J. Brabec; C. Roland; J. Bernholc

1995-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

280

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Economic Growth and Development Economics 777 July 18, 2008 Fall Semester 2008 Professor J. H. Mc of economic growth and development. We will analyze several different growth models and look at some recent empirical research. Text The text for this course is: Economic Growth (2nd Edition) by Robert J. Barro

Almor, Amit

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

New plasma source of hydrides for epitaxial growth. Final subcontract report, 15 April 1991--3 September 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes a novel plasma-activated selenium source that was developed during the course of this subcontract and which is significantly different than any other heretofore reported in the scientific literature. It involves microwave excited, magnetically confined plasma sources that are intended to operate under electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) conditions at 2.455 GHz. This source is designed to excite and dissociate the molecular vapor evaporating or subliming from a heated solid or liquid reservoir. It can combine an effusion cell vapor flux with a stream of hydrogen or helium gas, enabling the in-situ generation of hydrides for use in low-pressure growth techniques where long mean free paths are desirable. Experiments were conducted to demonstrate a stable discharge within the source, and measures were identified to improve its operational characteristics. Application of this novel source is anticipated to enable a low-temperature, safe process for the growth of high-quality epitaxial compound semiconductor films. This reduction of epitaxial growth temperatures may enable the fabrication of novel photovoltaic devices that have heretofore been impossible due to the deleterious effects of interdiffusion at heterointerfaces resulting from the high temperatures required to grow adequate quality material using conventional processes.

Stanbery, B.J. [Boeing Defense & Space Group, Seattle, WA (United States)

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Nonlinear structural crack growth monitoring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus are provided for the detection, through nonlinear manipulation of data, of an indicator of imminent failure due to crack growth in structural elements. The method is a process of determining energy consumption due to crack growth and correlating the energy consumption with physical phenomena indicative of a failure event. The apparatus includes sensors for sensing physical data factors, processors or the like for computing a relationship between the physical data factors and phenomena indicative of the failure event, and apparatus for providing notification of the characteristics and extent of such phenomena.

Welch, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hively, Lee M. (Philadelphia, TN); Holdaway, Ray F. (Clinton, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Poverty and income growth: measuring pro-poor growth in the case of Romania  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper attempts to examine the extent to which income growth was beneficial to poverty reduction in Romania between the years 2000 and 2007. We build income growth incidence curves, both in absolute and relative terms, on the basis of mean individual ... Keywords: economic growth, growth incidence curve, income, inequality, poverty, pro-poor growth

Eva Militaru; Cristina Stroe

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

A dynamic thermal performance model for flat-plate solar collectors based on the thermal inertia correction of the steady-state test method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In determining the dynamic thermal performance of a flat-plate solar collector, when the instantaneous solar irradiance changes sharply at one moment, most of the existing models cannot accurately predict the momentary thermal characteristics of outlet temperature and useful heat gain. In the present study, an analytical model in the form of series expansion is put forward to depict the momentary thermal characteristics of flat-plate solar collectors. The analytical model reveals that, instantaneous useful heat gain of a solar collector at one moment consists of the steady-state useful heat gain and corresponding thermal inertia correction. The model is then validated by the experimental data. It indicates that the analytical model can properly predict the dynamic thermal performance of the solar air collector. Besides, the model pertains to other types of solar thermal collectors, if they can be tested by the steady-state test method.

Jie Deng; Yupeng Xu; Xudong Yang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Analytical solutions for steady and unsteady state particle size distributions in FBC and CFBC boilers for non-breaking char particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Continuous analytical solutions for the particle size distributions of char in steady and unsteady states in fluidized beds, when the inlet fuel feed is presented by monosize, lognormal, Rosin-Rammler or gamma distributions, are derived from a population balance model. The stationary size distribution is directly related to the rate of reduction of the particle size. Combustion and attrition reduce the particle size. Thus, it is possible to extract the dependence of the rate of reduction of radius (affected by a fuels reactivity and attrition) on radius from a measured steady-state particle size distribution. Unsteady particle size distributions are derived for impulse, step and square pulse changes in the fuel feed, when the oxygen level in the reactor is maintained constant.

J.J. Saastamoinen; A. Tourunen; J. Hmlinen; T. Hyppnen; M. Loschkin; A. Kettunen

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Blue-Green Algae: Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... IT is well known that many species of algae fail to thrive in simple inorganic media and may be cultured with greater ease in ... organic materials such as soil extract1 2. These observations have promoted the suggestion that such algae may have requirements for growth factors, especially since many species are now known to ...

J. S. BUNT

1961-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

287

Graphene Growth and Device Integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

screens, photonic applications, energy generation, and batteries [3], [12], [13]. The first graphene filmsINVITED P A P E R Graphene Growth and Device Integration This paper describes one of the emerging methods for growing grapheneVthe chemical vapor deposition methodVwhich is based on a catalytic reaction

288

Public Capital, Growth and Welfare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sanitation--increase in enrolment rates (especially for girls, rural areas). 2. Electricity reason: improved access benefits the poor more than proportionally; if inequality is bad for growth (e be internalized. #12;18 Policy Implications #12; 1. Investment spending is a poor proxy for the accumulation

289

Strategy and Leadership in Growth Companies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High growth medium-size companies are important because they make a disproportionate contribution to economic growth, they are responsible for the creation of new employment, and they play a major role in the ...

B. Taylor; D. Hahn

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Estimating phytoplankton growth rates from compositional data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I build on the deterministic phytoplankton growth model of Sosik et al. by introducing process error, which simulates real variation in population growth and inaccuracies in the structure of the matrix model. Adding a ...

Thomas, Lorraine (Lorraine Marie)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Stress corrosion crack growth in porous sandstones.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stress corrosion crack growth occurs when the chemical weakening of strained crack tip bonds facilitates crack propagation. I have examined the effect of chemical processes on the growth of a creack population by carrying out triaxial compression...

Ojala, Ira O

292

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Growth stresses in tension wood: role of microfibrils and lignification T Okuyama the growth stress generation in the region of normal and tension woods. growth stress/ tension wood in normal and ten- sion wood. The compressive stress from the deposition of lignin controls the level

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

"Table 2. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Real Gross Domestic Product Growth Trends, Projected vs. Actual" "Projected Real GDP Growth Trend" " cumulative average percent growth in projected real GDP from first year shown...

294

Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia, Ethiopia, Jordan, Peru, Thailand South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Africa, Western Asia, South America, South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by

295

Cavitation in a metallic liquid: Homogeneous nucleation and growth of nanovoids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are performed to investigate homogeneous nucleation and growth of nanovoids during cavitation in liquid Cu. We characterize in detail the atomistic cavitation processes by following the temporal evolution of cavities or voids, analyze the nucleation behavior with the mean first-passage time (MFPT) and survival probability (SP) methods, and discuss the results against classical nucleation theory (CNT), the Tolman equation for surface energy, independent calculation of surface tension via integrating the stress profiles, the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami (JMA) growth law, and the power law for nucleus size distributions. Cavitation in this representative metallic liquid is a high energy barrier Poisson processes, and the steady-state nucleation rates obtained from statistical runs with the MFPT and SP methods are in agreement. The MFPT method also yields the critical nucleus size and the Zeldovich factor. Fitting with the Tolman's equation to the MD simulations yields the surface energy of a planar interface (?0.9 Jm{sup ?2}) and the Tolman length (0.40.5 ), and those values are in accord with those from integrating the stress profiles of a planar interface. Independent CNT predictions of the nucleation rate (10{sup 33?34} s{sup ?1}m{sup ?3}) and critical size (34 in radius) are in agreement with the MFPT and SP results. The JMA law can reasonably describe the nucleation and growth process. The size distribution of subcritical nuclei appears to follow a power law with an exponent decreasing with increasing tension owing to coupled nucleation and growth, and that of the supercritical nuclei becomes flattened during further stress relaxation due to void coalescence.

Cai, Y. [Department of Modern Mechanics, CAS Key Laboratory of Materials Behavior and Design, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); The Peac Institute of Multiscale Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 610207 (China); Wu, H. A., E-mail: wuha@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Modern Mechanics, CAS Key Laboratory of Materials Behavior and Design, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230027 (China); Luo, S. N., E-mail: sluo@pims.ac.cn [The Peac Institute of Multiscale Sciences, Chengdu, Sichuan 610207 (China)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

Network Analysis of Epidermal Growth Factor Signaling using Integrated Genomic, Proteomic and Phosphorylation Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To understand how integration of multiple data types can help decipher cellular responses at the systems level, we analyzed the mitogenic response of human mammary epithelial cells to epidermal growth factor (EGF) using whole genome microarrays, mass spectrometry-based proteomics and large-scale western blots with over 1000 antibodies. A time course analysis revealed significant differences in the expression of 3172 genes and 596 proteins, including protein phosphorylation changes measured by western blot. Integration of these disparate data types showed that each contributed qualitatively different components to the observed cell response to EGF and that varying degrees of concordance in gene expression and protein abundance measurements could be linked to specific biological processes. Networks inferred from individual data types were relatively limited, whereas networks derived from the integrated data recapitulated the known major cellular responses to EGF and exhibited more highly connected signaling nodes than networks derived from any individual dataset. While cell cycle regulatory pathways were altered as anticipated, we found the most robust response to mitogenic concentrations of EGF was induction of matrix metalloprotease cascades, highlighting the importance of the EGFR system as a regulator of the extracellular environment. These results demonstrate the value of integrating multiple levels of biological information to more accurately reconstruct networks of cellular response.

Waters, Katrina M.; Liu, Tao; Quesenberry, Ryan D.; Willse, Alan R.; Bandyopadhyay, Somnath; Kathmann, Loel E.; Weber, Thomas J.; Smith, Richard D.; Wiley, H. S.; Thrall, Brian D.

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

297

Normal Growth of Range Cattle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Brazos County, Texas BULLETIN NO. 409 MARCH, 1930 DIVISION OF RANGE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY - Lr9RARv' *n+!nmt">3~roql f', 44+lpl,9-' . 16' , ,, ..!c?! cq!!f?~c nt... of these special problems, the Texas Station presents in this Bulletin a study of the growth in weight and in measurements which actually took place in the calves born during nine years at Substation No. 14, the Ranch Experiment Station. This study so far has...

Lush, Jay L. (Jay Laurence)

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Old growth and new forestry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Concerns for ecosystems have spurred a rethinking of forest management practices. This paper reviews the current resource management practices of the timber industry and of the Menominee Indians of Wisconsin who have been practicing sustained management through selective harvest since 1854. The paper begins with a discussion of the definitions of old growth, snags, coarse woody debris, and riparian zones and the Congressional excesses of the past which are at least partly to blame for the situation in the timber industry of the Pacific Northwest.

Meadows, D.G.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Apparatus for monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Method of monitoring crystal growth  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring the growth of a crystalline body from a liquid meniscus in a furnace. The system provides an improved human/machine interface so as to reduce operator stress, strain and fatigue while improving the conditions for observation and control of the growing process. The system comprises suitable optics for forming an image of the meniscus and body wherein the image is anamorphic so that the entire meniscus can be viewed with good resolution in both the width and height dimensions. The system also comprises a video display for displaying the anamorphic image. The video display includes means for enhancing the contrast between any two contrasting points in the image. The video display also comprises a signal averager for averaging the intensity of at least one preselected portions of the image. The value of the average intensity, can in turn be utilized to control the growth of the body. The system and method are also capable of observing and monitoring multiple processes.

Sachs, Emanual M. (Watertown, MA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Steady- and transient-state analyses of fully ceramic microencapsulated fuel loaded reactor core via two-temperature homogenized thermal-conductivity model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fully ceramic microencapsulated (FCM) fuel, a type of accident-tolerant fuel (ATF), consists of TRISO particles randomly dispersed in a SiC matrix. In this study, for a thermal analysis of the FCM fuel with such a high heterogeneity, a two-temperature homogenized thermal-conductivity model was applied by the authors. This model provides separate temperatures for the fuel-kernels and the SiC matrix. It also provides more realistic temperature profiles than those of harmonic- and volumetric-average thermal conductivity models, which are used for thermal analysis of a fuel element in \\{VHTRs\\} having a composition similar to the FCM fuel, because such models are unable to provide the fuel-kernel and graphite matrix temperatures separately. In this study, coupled with a neutron diffusion model, a FCM fuel-loaded reactor core is analyzed via a two-temperature homogenized thermal-conductivity model at steady- and transient-states. The results are compared to those from harmonic- and volumetric-average thermal conductivity models, i.e., we compare keff eigenvalues, power distributions, and temperature profiles in the hottest single-channel at steady-state. At transient-state, we compare total powers, reactivity, and maximum temperatures in the hottest single-channel obtained by the different thermal analysis models. The different thermal analysis models and the availability of fuel-kernel temperatures in the two-temperature homogenized thermal-conductivity model for Doppler temperature feedback cause significant differences as revealed by comparisons.

Yoonhee Lee; Nam Zin Cho

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Growth and Nutrient Uptake into Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) Fruit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a steady increase of Ca content in apple fruits. TheCa accumulation in mangosteen fruit suggest that in order toearly period after the fruit sets but extended to harvest.

Poovarodom, Sumitra

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Home Weatherization Water Solar Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Grant Program Provider Michigan Farm Bureau A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was designed to leverage business development and growth for the state's $91.4 billion food and agriculture industry. The grant program aims to remove barriers inhibiting growth in the state's food and agriculture industry, fostering economic opportunities for Michigan-based food processors, agribusiness and

304

Phenomenological approach for describing environment dependent growths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Different classes of phenomenological universalities of environment dependent growths have been proposed. The logistic as well as environment dependent West-type allometry based biological growth can be explained in this proposed framework of phenomenological description. It is shown that logistic and environment dependent West-type growths are phenomenologically identical in nature. However there is a difference between them in terms of coefficients involved in the phenomenological descriptions. It is also established that environment independent and enviornment dependent biological growth processes lead to the same West-type biological growth equation. Involuted Gompertz function, used to describe biological growth processes undergoing atrophy or a demographic and economic system undergoing involution or regression, can be addressed in this proposed environment dependent description. In addition, some other phenomenological descriptions have been examined in this proposed framework and graphical representations of variation of different parameters involved in the description are executed.

Dibyendu Biswas; Swarup Poria

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

305

Cancer growth: Predictions of a realistic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Simulations of avascular cancer growth are performed using experimental values of the relevant parameters. This permits a realistic assessment of the influence of these parameters on cancer growth dynamics. In general, an early exponential growth phase is followed by a linear regime (as observed in recent experiments), while the thickness of the viable cell layer remains approximately constant. Contrary to some predictions, a transition to latency is not observed.

S. A. Menchn and C. A. Condat

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

306

Human preproinsulin-like growth factor I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a synthetic DNA sequence encoding a preproinsulin-like growth factor-I protein. It comprises: the sequence of amino acids.

Rotwein, P.S.; Krivi, G.G.

1990-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

307

Growth and structure of -lactalbumin nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanotubes are formed after partial hydrolysis of the milk protein -lactalbumin. This scattering study presents dimensions of the -lactalbumin nanotubes and a model of their growth.

Graveland-Bikker, J.F.

2006-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

308

IN THIS ISSUE Excessive Cotton Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGRONOMY NOTES July, 2004 IN THIS ISSUE COTTON Excessive Cotton Growth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Management Influence on Hardlock Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Wet Conditions and Nitrogen Applications on Cotton . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Watson, Craig A.

309

Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reduced models of algae growth Heikki Haario, Leonid Kalachev Marko Laine, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Lappeenranta, Finland University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA Finnish Meteorological institute

Bardsley, John

310

Optimization Online - Robust Growth-Optimal Portfolios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 24, 2014 ... Abstract: The growth-optimal portfolio is designed to have maximum ... the asset return distribution, which is not directly observable but must be...

Napat Rujeerapaiboon

2014-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

311

Essays on Indias Economic Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

initial euphoria about liberalisation, a revisionist viewand industrial policy liberalisation. Three, growth in thebuilt up under the pre-liberalisation policy regime), their

Singh, Nirvikar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and success  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EDITORIAL Theoretical Ecology: Continued growth and successof areas in theoretical ecology. Among the highlights areyear represent theoretical ecology from around the world: 20

Hastings, Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Green Growth and Transport | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transport Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Green Growth and Transport AgencyCompany Organization: ITF ComplexityEase of Use: Not Available Website:...

314

VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Growth in solar means growth in Ohio Growth in solar means growth in Ohio VP 100: Growth in solar means growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 10:57am Addthis DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont DuPont is betting on major growth in the market for solar energy -- and therefore for its Tedlar film, a durable backing for silicon solar panels. | Photo Courtesy of DuPont Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand for solar power soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW as of June -- and

315

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding Regional Economic Growth in IndiaUnderstanding Regional Economic Growth in India Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India* Jeffrey D. Sachs Director The Earth Institute at Columbia_ramiah@yahoo.co.uk Asian Economic Papers 1:3 © 2002 The Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Massachusetts

316

Influence of cracking on the diffusion properties of cement-based materials. Part I: Influence of continuous cracks on the steady-state regime  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of traversing cracks on the steady-state diffusion properties of concrete was studied. The effect of both anisotropic and isotropic crack networks was first theoretically assessed using an analytical approach. To simplify the transport equations, cracks were assumed to be of uniform size and evenly distributed on a one- or two-dimensional grid. Results of the theoretical analysis were then compared to experimental data. Both series of results indicate that cracking can markedly alter the diffusion properties of the material and favor the penetration (or the leaching) of drifting species. A simple method to predict the effect of cracking on the concrete diffusivity is proposed. Predictions are made on the basis of two parameters: the crack density and the mean crack aperture. This method can provide a first estimate of the diffusion properties of severely damaged concrete elements.

Gerard, B.; Marchand, J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Reduction of plasma density in the Helicity Injected Torus with Steady Inductance experiment by using a helicon pre-ionization source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A helicon based pre-ionization source has been developed and installed on the Helicity Injected Torus with Steady Inductance (HIT-SI) spheromak. The source initiates plasma breakdown by injecting impurity-free, unmagnetized plasma into the HIT-SI confinement volume. Typical helium spheromaks have electron density reduced from (23) 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3} to 1 10{sup 19} m{sup ?3}. Deuterium spheromak formation is possible with density as low as 2 10{sup 18} m{sup ?3}. The source also enables HIT-SI to be operated with only one helicity injector at injector frequencies above 14.5 kHz. A theory explaining the physical mechanism driving the reduction of breakdown density is presented.

Hossack, Aaron C.; Jarboe, Thomas R.; Victor, Brian S. [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Firman, Taylor; Prager, James R.; Ziemba, Timothy [Eagle Harbor Technologies, Inc., 119 W. Denny Way, Suite 210, Seattle, Washington 98119 (United States)] [Eagle Harbor Technologies, Inc., 119 W. Denny Way, Suite 210, Seattle, Washington 98119 (United States); Wrobel, Jonathan S. [979B West Moorhead Circle, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)] [979B West Moorhead Circle, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

KINETIC ROUGHENING PHENOMENA, STOCHASTIC GROWTH, DIRECTED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

KINETIC ROUGHENING PHENOMENA, STOCHASTIC GROWTH, DIRECTED POLYMERS AND ALL THAT Aspects 254 (1995) 215-414 Kinetic roughening phenomena, stochastic growth, directed polymers and all that for the nonlinear term 3.2. Dynamic RG analysis 3.3. A worthy detour: kinetic roughening with conservation law 3

Halpin-Healy, Tim

319

BIOTIC INFLUENCES AFFECTING POPULATION GROWTH OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Chlorella and Nitz8chia _ Growth curve and division rate of Chlorella _ Growth curve and division rate in conditioned media _ Inhibitory effect o~ Chlorella of Nitz8chia-conditioned medium _ Inhibitory effect on Nitz8chia of Chlorella-condit,ioned medium _ Inhibitory effects of filtrate from conditioned media

320

Social Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge ,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, labor mobility, and social capital. The key assumption is that technological innovation, which drivesSocial Capital and Growth Bryan R. Routledge , Joachim von Amsberg § March 2002 Revised July 2002 Abstract We define and characterize social capital in a simple growth model. We capture social capital

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growth of Betti Numbers Bryan Clair _____________________________________________________________________________ Introduction Let X = fX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers of X. It is easy to see that the sequence of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most linearly

Clair, Bryan

322

Annual Growth Bands in Hymenaea courbaril  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One significant source of annual temperature and precipitation data arises from the regular annual secondary growth rings of trees. Several tropical tree species are observed to form regular growth bands that may or may not form annually. Such growth was observed in one stem disk of the tropical legume Hymenaea courbaril near the area of David, Panama. In comparison to annual reference {Delta}{sup 14}C values from wood and air, the {Delta}{sup 14}C values from the secondary growth rings formed by H. courbaril were determined to be annual in nature in this one stem disk specimen. During this study, H. courbaril was also observed to translocate recently produced photosynthate into older growth rings as sapwood is converted to heartwood. This process alters the overall {Delta}{sup 14}C values of these transitional growth rings as cellulose with a higher {Delta}{sup 14}C content is translocated into growth rings with a relatively lower {Delta}{sup 14}C content. Once the annual nature of these growth rings is established, further stable isotope analyses on H. courbaril material in other studies may help to complete gaps in the understanding of short and of long term global climate patterns.

Westbrook, J A; Guilderson, T P; Colinvaux, P A

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

323

Bifurcation Analysis of Endogenous Growth Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the model could produce chaotic dynamics, but our analysis cannot confirm that conjecture. Further this thesis analyses the dynamics of a variant of Jones semi-endogenous growth model "Sources of US Economic growth in a World of Ideas" The American Economic...

Ghosh, Taniya

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

324

Modeling non-steady state radioisotope transport in the vadose zone--A case study using uranium isotopes at Pena Blanca, Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current models using U- and Th-series disequilibria to study radioisotope transport in groundwater systems mostly consider a steady-state situation. These models have limited applicability to the vadose zone (UZ) where the concentration and migratory behavior of radioisotopes in fluid are often transitory. We present here, as a first attempt of its kind, a model simulating the non-steady state, intermittent fluid transport in vadose layers. It provides quantitative constraints on in-situ migration of dissolved and colloidal radioisotopes in terms of retardation factor and rock-water interaction (or water transit) time. For uranium, the simulation predicts that intermittent flushing in the UZ leads to a linear relationship between reciprocal U concentration and {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U ratio in percolating waters, with the intercept and slope bearing information on the rates of dissolution and {alpha}-recoil of U isotopes, respectively. The general validity of the model appears to be borne out by the measurement of uranium isotopes in UZ waters collected at various times over a period during 1995-2006 from a site in the Pena Blanca mining district, Mexico, where the Nopal I uranium deposit is located. Enhanced {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U ratios in vadose-zone waters resulting from lengthened non-flushing time as prescribed by the model provide an interpretative basis for using {sup 234}U/{sup 238}U in cave calcites to reconstruct the regional changes in hydrology and climate. We also provide a theoretical account of the model's potential applications using radium isotopes.

Ku, T. L.; Luo, S.; Goldstein, S. J.; Murrell, M. T.; Chu, W. L.; Dobson, P. F.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Support Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil, Indonesia, South Korea South America, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

326

Career Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Growth | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Career Growth Home > Federal Employment > Working at NNSA > Career Growth Career Growth Learning doesn't stop with a college or post-graduate degree. It is a key part of individual career development and is central to NNSA's efforts to

327

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth Emissivity Correcting Pyrometry of Semiconductor Growth by W. G. Breiland, L. A. Bruskas, A. A. Allerman, and T. W. Hargett Motivation-Temperature is a critical factor in the growth of thin films by either chemical vapor deposition (CVD) or molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). It is particularly important in compound semiconductor growth because one is often challenged to grow materials with specific chemical compositions in order to maintain stringent lattice-matching conditions or to achieve specified bandgap values. Optical pyrometry can be used to measure surface temperatures, but the thin film growth causes significant changes in the emissivity of the surface, leading to severe errors in the pyrometer measurement. To avoid these errors, emissivity changes must be measured and

328

Digital electronic bone growth stimulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to the electrical treatment of biological tissue. In particular, the present invention discloses a device that produces discrete electrical pulse trains for treating osteoporosis and accelerating bone growth. According to its major aspects and broadly stated, the present invention consists of an electrical circuit configuration capable of generating Bassett-type waveforms shown with alternative signals provide for the treatment of either fractured bones or osteoporosis. The signal generator comprises a quartz clock, an oscillator circuit, a binary divider chain, and a plurality of simple, digital logic gates. Signals are delivered efficiently, with little or no distortion, and uniformly distributed throughout the area of injury. Perferably, power is furnished by widely available and inexpensive radio batteries, needing replacement only once in several days. The present invention can be affixed to a medical cast without a great increase in either weight or bulk. Also, the disclosed stimulator can be used to treat osteoporosis or to strengthen a healing bone after the cast has been removed by attaching the device to the patient`s skin or clothing.

Kronberg, J.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

3.0 GROWTH FACILITY SPACE REQUESTS Prospective users of the greenhouses or growth chambers are encouraged to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for greenhouse and growth chamber specifications, including space, lighting and fees. Greenhouse and Growth Chamber Space Inventory Greenhouse and Growth Chamber Lighting Inventory #12;Hourly Rate Service Charges3.0 GROWTH FACILITY SPACE REQUESTS Prospective users of the greenhouses or growth chambers

Pawlowski, Wojtek

330

Hypersonic Measurements of Roughness-Induced Transient Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of surface roughness on boundary-layer disturbance growth and laminar-to-turbulent transition are not well understood, especially in hypersonic boundary layers. The transient growth mechanism that produces algebraic growth of stream wise...

Sharp, Nicole Susanne

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

331

Osteoconductivity and biodegradability of collagen scaffold coated with nano-?-TCP and fibroblast growth factor 2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoparticle bioceramics have become anticipated for biomedical applications.Highly bioactive and biodegradable scaffoldswould be developed using nanoparticles of ?-tricalcium phosphate (?-TCP).We prepared collagen scaffolds coated by nano-?-TCP ...

Asako Ibara; Hirofumi Miyaji; Bunshi Fugetsu; Erika Nishida; Hiroko Takita; Saori Tanaka; Tsutomu Sugaya; Masamitsu Kawanami

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Crack propagation driven by crystal growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystals that grow in confinement may exert a force on their surroundings and thereby drive crack propagation in rocks and other materials. We describe a model of crystal growth in an idealized crack geometry in which the crystal growth and crack propagation are coupled through the stress in the surrounding bulk solid. Subcritical crack propagation takes place during a transient period, which may be very long, during which the crack velocity is limited by the kinetics of crack propagation. When the crack is sufficiently large, the crack velocity becomes limited by the kinetics of crystal growth. The duration of the subcritical regime is determined by two non-dimensional parameters, which relate the kinetics of crack propagation and crystal growth to the supersaturation of the fluid and the elastic properties of the surrounding material.

A. Royne; Paul Meaking; A. Malthe-Sorenssen; B. Jamtveit; D. K. Dysthe

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Support Mechanism in Technopolis Toward Green Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phrase Green Economy was first mentioned in Green Economy Blue Book...by the British economist Pierre published in 1989. Green Economy promotes economic growth, instead of blocking ... at harmonious devel...

Herbert Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Integrated Regulation of Growth and of Function  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In vivo studies have shown that thyrotropin regulates thyroid growth and function. How TSH is able to exert these dramatic effects is not clear. The last decade has seen such refinements in cell culture system...

Margaret C. Eggo; Gerard N. Burrow

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Ultraslow growth rates of giant gypsum crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in mineral...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in...geological timescale. age anhydrite Chihuahua Mexico cooling crystal growth crystallization...

A. E. S. Van Driessche; J. M. Garca-Ruz; K. Tsukamoto; L. D. Patio-Lopez; H. Satoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

New Jersey Business Growth Fund (New Jersey)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Creditworthy small or mid-sized companies that are creating or retaining jobs in New Jersey can apply for financing through the New Jersey Business Growth Fund, a joint program of the EDA and PNC...

337

Geothermal Energy Growth Continues, Industry Survey Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A survey released by the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) shows continued growth in the number of new geothermal power projects under development in the United States, a 20% increase since January of this year.

338

Illusory spirals and loops in crystal growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...spirals and loops in crystal growth 10.1073/pnas.1311637110 Alexander G. Shtukenberg Zina Zhu Zhihua An Misha Bhandari Pengcheng Song Bart Kahr Michael D. Ward Molecular Design Institute and Department of Chemistry, New York University, New York...

Alexander G. Shtukenberg; Zina Zhu; Zhihua An; Misha Bhandari; Pengcheng Song; Bart Kahr; Michael D. Ward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Essays on Productivity Change, Growth, and Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: To replicate an industrial revolution: from exogenous to endogenous growth In the last quarter of the second millennium many countries experienced, simultane- ously, an industrial revolution (an exponential increase

Sadeh, Norman M.

340

Ageing, Debt, and Growth Crises: Two Forerunners  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High levels of public debt and frustratingly low growth in Japan and Italy have a common root: an ... chapter follows the reactions of ageing corporations, households, and governments to show that debt crises...

Martin Schulz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Subcritical crack growth in fibrous materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present experiments on the slow growth of a single crack in a fax paper sheet submitted to a constant force $F$. We find that statistically averaged crack growth curves can be described by only two parameters : the mean rupture time $\\tau$ and a characteristic growth length $\\zeta$. We propose a model based on a thermally activated rupture process that takes into account the microstructure of cellulose fibers. The model is able to reproduce the shape of the growth curve, the dependence of $\\zeta$ on $F$ as well as the effect of temperature on the rupture time $\\tau$. We find that the length scale at which rupture occurs in this model is consistently close to the diameter of cellulose microfibrils.

Santucci, Stphane; Deschanel, Stphanie; Vanel, Loic; Ciliberto, Sergio

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

ClimateWorks-Egypt-Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

REDIRECT ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleClimateWorks-Egypt-LowCarbonGrowthPlanningSupport&oldid553606"...

343

Direct Visualization of Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics During Lithium Deposition by in situ Electrochemical Direct Visualization of Initial SEI Morphology and Growth Kinetics During Lithium...

344

Digital Transfer Growth of Patterned 2D Metal Chalcogenides by...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for Energy Digital Transfer Growth of Patterned 2D Metal Chalcogenides by Confined Nanoparticle Evaporation October 28, 2014 (a) Illustration of the digital transfer growth...

345

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) Name: Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) Address: Assiatisk Plads 2, 1448 Place: Copenhagen, Denmark References:...

346

New Partners for Smart Growth Conference | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

New Partners for Smart Growth Conference is the nation's largest smart growth and sustainability conference. The three-day conference is themed, "Practical Tools and Innovative...

347

Interactive Transient and Steady-state Analysis of Regional Ice Flow C30-W65A Jed Brown jedbrown@mcs.anl.gov, Iulian Grindeanu, Dmitry Karpeev, Barry Smith, Tim Tautges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactive Transient and Steady-state Analysis of Regional Ice Flow C30-W65A Jed Brown jedbrown/files/WCRP2011-RegionalIceFlow.pdf Preprocessing Model data for a regional ice flow models often comes from many. From these inputs, univer- sal kriging is used to produce an initial fine triangular mesh, this mesh

Brown, Jed

348

Anticipating the atom: popular perceptions of atomic power before Hiroshima  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to spontaneously generate light and heat. s Theory chased research after the turn of the century. Rutherford and his partner Frederick Soddy, in Montreal in 1902, noticed that the heaviest radioactive elements were slowly changing into lighter elements, throwing... the Atlantic. More importantly, in 1908, the final chapter of Frederick Soddy's The Jnterpretati on of Radium, a collection of six free popular lectures given at the University of Glasgow, speculated on the possibility of controlling the rate of atomic...

d'Emal, Jacques-Andre Christian

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

349

DOE Announces Webinars on Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

titled "Building Energy Optimization Tool (BEopt) Training" on May 15. This webinar trains attendees on how to use the BEopt tool, which was developed by the National Renewable...

350

EIA - 2008 New Electric Power EIA-860 Form Anticipated Questions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

commercial operations date. Please contact EIA if your situation is different. The wind turbines at my site will start commercial operation over a several month period. How do I...

351

Optimal Dam Construction under Climate Change Uncertainty and Anticipated Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Expected present value of project given climate belief. q(j)expected value of the project given climate i and beginningterm capital projects using beliefs about climate change or

Cameron-Loyd, Patricia Jane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Crafting Platform Strategy based on Anticipated Benefits and Costs1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

decades has grown in response to market demand for variety. Consumers have come to expect $50, $100 and Perumal 2009). Bruce G. Cameron () Edward F. Crawley Massachusetts Institute of Technology e

de Weck, Olivier L.

353

Optimal Dam Construction under Climate Change Uncertainty and Anticipated Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

level of green-house-gas (GHG) stocks, both of which change17 2.3.1 Deterministic GHG18 2.3.2 Stochastic GHG

Cameron-Loyd, Patricia Jane

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell Electric...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Corp. (1 station): Woodside Ontario CNG Station Inc. (1 station): Ontario Gas Technology Institute: Mobile Refueler 17 C A L I F O R N I A E N E R G Y C O M M I S S...

355

Webinar: Hydrogen Fueling for Current and Anticipated Fuel Cell...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

hydrogen delivery, and economic impacts of fuel cells as well as hydrogen and natural gas fueling infrastructure. Marianne will discuss a new tool for estimating the economic...

356

EIA - 2008 New Electric Power EIA-923 Form Anticipated Questions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

electricity. How can I get the mercury content of the fuel if our company does not yet test for it? The mercury content will be specified in the coal purchase contract. Will cost...

357

Nationwide: New Efficiency Standards for Power Supplies Anticipate Energy Savings  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

New energy efficiency standards for external power supplies will reduce energy consumption, energy bills, and carbon emissions.

358

Nationwide: New Efficiency Standards for Power Supplies Anticipate...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

effect in 2016. Over the next 30 years, the standards are expected to reduce national energy consumption by nearly one quadrillion British thermal units, reduce the energy...

359

Apparatus for silicon web growth of higher output and improved growth stability  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This disclosure describes an apparatus to improve the web growth attainable from prior web growth configurations. This apparatus modifies the heat loss at the growth interface in a manner that minimizes thickness variations across the web, especially regions of the web adjacent to the two bounding dendrites. In the unmodified configuration, thinned regions of web, adjacent to the dendrites, were found to be the origin of crystal degradation which ultimately led to termination of the web growth. According to the present invention, thinning adjacent to the dendrites is reduced and the incidence of crystal degradation is similarly reduced.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Growth of geologic fractures into large-strain populations: review of nomenclature, subcritical crack growth, and some implications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growth of geologic fractures into large-strain populations: review of nomenclature, subcritical at the earliest stages of fracture nucleation). Slow, subcritical crack growth in rock is associated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector August 23, 2012 - 12:20pm Addthis New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector New Report Highlights Growth of America's Clean Energy Job Sector Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

362

Growth factor parametrization in curved space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining cosmic acceleration. We explore here the inclusion of spatial curvature into the growth factor. We expand previous results using the approximation {omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}} and then suggest a new form, f{sub a}={omega}{sub m}{sup {gamma}}+({gamma}-4/7){omega}{sub k}, as an approximation for the growth factor when the curvature {omega}{sub k} is not negligible, and where the growth index {gamma} is usually model dependent. The expression recovers the standard results for the curved and flat {lambda}CDM and Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati models. Using the best fit values of {omega}{sub m0} and {omega}{sub k0} to the expansion/distance measurements from Type Ia SNe, baryon acoustic oscillation, WMAP5, and H(z) data, we fit the growth index parameter to current growth factor data and obtain {gamma}{sub {lambda}}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.65{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17} and {gamma}{sub DGP}({omega}{sub k}{ne}0)=0.53{sub -0.12}{sup +0.14}. For the {lambda}CDM model, the 1-{sigma} observational bounds are found consistent with theoretical value, unlike the case for the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. We also find that the current data we used is not enough to put significant constraints when the 3 parameters in f{sub a} are fit simultaneously. Importantly, we find that, in the presence of curvature, the analytical expression proposed for f{sub a} provides a better fit to the growth factor than other forms and should be useful for future high precision missions and studies.

Gong Yungui; Ishak, Mustapha; Wang Anzhong [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China) and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Department of Physics, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083 (United States); CASPER, Physics Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76798 (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

363

Argininosuccinate synthetase: steady state kinetics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

asparate and citrulline was needed to substract any ATPase activity. The rate was observed as a change in absorbance at 340 nm. The protein content was measured at 280 nm assuming an extinction coefficient of 1 AU per mg/mL. The assay mixture... 10 1 I ASP (mM 0 Figure 4. Aspartete versus ATP (citrullinem2. 5 mN) 19 500 450 0. 45mM '&v 350 . 30mM 0. 15m M 200 150 no t 50 1/ ATP (mM ) 10 Figure 5. ATP versus argininosuccinate (citrulline and aspartatem1. 0 mN) 20 340 0. 43...

Seiglie, Jorge Luis

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Growth factor parametrization and modified gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth rate of matter perturbation and the expansion rate of the Universe can be used to distinguish modified gravity and dark energy models in explaining the cosmic acceleration. The growth rate is parametrized by the growth index {gamma}. We discuss the dependence of {gamma} on the matter energy density {omega} and its current value {omega}{sub 0} for a more accurate approximation of the growth factor. The observational data, including the data of the growth rate, are used to fit different models. The data strongly disfavor the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model. For the dark energy model with a constant equation of state, we find that {omega}{sub 0}=0.27{+-}0.02 and w=-0.97{+-}0.09. For the {lambda}CDM model, we find that {gamma}=0.64{sub -0.15}{sup +0.17}. For the Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati model, we find that {gamma}=0.55{sub -0.13}{sup +0.14}.

Gong Yungui [College of Mathematics and Physics, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing 400065 (China)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Journal of Crystal Growth 271 (2004) 128133 Growth of strontium barium niobate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journal of Crystal Growth 271 (2004) 128­133 Growth of strontium barium niobate: the liquidus. Roth Available online 11 September 2004 Abstract The liquidus­solidus phase diagram of strontium barium, and dielectric properties, strontium barium niobate, SrxBa1?xNb2O6--hen- ceforth denoted as SBN, is one

Osnabrück, Universität

366

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production@nmsu.edu #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth i Disclaimer This report States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic

Johnson, Eric E.

367

Population Growth, (Per Capita) Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: A brief Summary of Theory and Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Population Growth, (Per Capita) Economic Growth, and Poverty Reduction in Uganda: A brief Summary: This note examines the link between population and per capita economic growth in Uganda. After showing that Uganda has one of the highest population growth rates in the world which, due to the inherent demographic

Krivobokova, Tatyana

368

World economic growth pushing LNG use  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Natural gas, especially liquefied (LNG), is in position to participate in the energy growth now being triggered by strong worldwide economic growth, increasingly open markets, and expanding international trade. Natural gas is abundant, burns cleanly, and is highly efficient in combined-cycle, gas-turbine power plants. Moreover, the comparative remoteness of much of the resource base to established and emerging markets can make LNG a compelling processing and transportation alternative. Discussed here are the resource distribution and emerging market opportunities that can make LNG attractive for monetizing natural-gas reserves.

Brown, R.L. [Mobil Oil Corp., Fairfax, VA (United States); Clary, R. [Mobil Technology Co., Dallas, TX (United States)

1997-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

369

Bimodal Island Size Distribution in Heteroepitaxial Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A bimodal size distribution of two-dimensional islands is inferred during interface formation in heteroepitaxial growth of bismuth ferrite on (001) oriented SrTiO3 by sputter deposition. Features observed by in situ x-ray scattering are explained by a model where coalescence of islands determines the growth kinetics with negligible surface diffusion on SrTiO3. Small clusters maintain a compact shape as they coalesce, while clusters beyond a critical size impinge to form large irregular connected islands and a population of smaller clusters forms in the spaces between the larger ones.

P.?V. Chinta and R.?L. Headrick

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

370

Monitoring hydraulic fracture growth: Laboratory experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors carry out small-scale hydraulic fracture experiments to investigate the physics of hydraulic fracturing. The laboratory experiments are combined with time-lapse ultrasonic measurements with active sources using both compressional and shear-wave transducers. For the time-lapse measurements they focus on ultrasonic measurement changes during fracture growth. As a consequence they can detect the hydraulic fracture and characterize its shape and geometry during growth. Hence, this paper deals with fracture characterization using time-lapse acoustic data. Hydraulic fracturing is used in the oil and gas industry to stimulate reservoir production.

Groenenboom, J.; Dam, D.B. van

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Direct growth of graphene on Si(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to the need of integrated circuit in the current silicon technology, the formation of graphene on Si wafer is highly desirable, but is still a challenge for the scientific community. In this context, we report the direct growth of graphene on Si(111) wafer under appropriate conditions using an electron beam evaporator. The structural quality of the material is investigated in detail by reflection high energy electron diffraction, Auger electron spectroscopy, X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, high resolution scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning tunneling microscopy. Our experimental results confirm that the quality of graphene is strongly dependent on the growth time during carbon atoms deposition.

Thanh Trung, Pham, E-mail: phamtha@fundp.ac.be; Joucken, Frdric; Colomer, Jean-Franois; Robert, Sporken [Research Center in Physics of Matter and Radiation (PMR), University of Namur (FUNDP), 61 Rue de Bruxelles, 5000 Namur (Belgium); Campos-Delgado, Jessica; Raskin, Jean-Pierre [Electrical Engineering (ELEN), Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics and Applied Mathematics (ICTEAM), Universit catholique de Louvain UCL, 3 place du Levant, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Hackens, Benot; Santos, Cristiane N. [Nanoscopic physics (NAPS), Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences (IMCN), Universit catholique de Louvain UCL, 2 chemin du Cyclotron, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

2014-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

372

Bioclimatology Water deficits during reproductive growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the deficiency was removed. Total water used efficiency (TWUE), as dry matter: water use (DM:WU) and water use efficiency (WUE); as seed yield: water use (SY:WU), were significantly higher for the second year. A timeBioclimatology Water deficits during reproductive growth of soybeans. II. Water use and water

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

373

The Henley Accelerator supports ambitious high growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a business in the 5-6% of SMEs that are on a high growth trajectory. Typically these businesses will have and Technology Centre, University of Reading, Earley Gate, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6BZ Tel: 0118 935 7115 Email

Reading, University of

374

Oil, economic growth and strategic petroleum stocks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An examination of over 40 years of data reveals that oil price shocks are invariably followed by 23 years of weak economic growth and weak economic growth is almost always preceded by an oil price shock. This paper reviews why the price-inelastic demand and supply of oil cause oil price shocks and why oil price shocks reduce economic growth through dislocations of labor and capital. This paper also reviews the current state of oil-supply security noting that previous episodes of supply instability appear to have become chronic conditions. While new unconventional oil production technologies have revitalized North American oil production, there are significant barriers to a world-wide uptake of these technologies. Strategic petroleum stocks could provide a large measure of protection to the world economy during an oil supply disruption if they are used promptly and in sufficient volume to prevent large oil-price spikes. Despite the large volume of world-wide emergency reserves, their effectiveness in protecting world economies is not assured. Strategic oil stocks have not been used in sufficient quantity or soon enough to avoid the economic downturns that followed past oil supply outages. In addition, the growth of U.S. oil production has reduced the ability of the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve to protect the economy following a future oil supply disruption. The policy implications of these findings are discussed.

Carmine Difiglio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

SOME SOIL FACTORS AFFECTING TREE GROWTH  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of gravity. Hence permeability to water ranks high...quality for tree growth. Permeability to water depends both...considered the chief reservoir for water held against...good criterion of its permeability. Moreover, the relation...to non-capillary porosity appears to be exponential...

ROBT. M. SALTER

1940-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

376

Growth Of Oriented Crystals At Polymerized Membranes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the growth and alignment of crystals at biopolymeric films. The methods and compositions of the present invention provide means to generate a variety of dense crystalline ceramic films, with totally aligned crystals, at low temperatures and pressures, suitable for use with polymer and plastic substrates.

Charych, Deborah H. (Albany, CA), Berman, Amir (Ben-Shiva, IL)

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

377

Growth Versus Government Management Improvement During  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, we find that the growth rate of GDP per capita, g, decreases with p, and increases with DGCI. Further 33% of govern- ment employees has increased its GDP per capita by approximately 4% (corrected and Thermal Energy Science, School of Physical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092, Shanghai

Podobnik, Boris

378

Influence of Light on Plant Growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A JOINT symposium on the influence of light on plant growth arranged by the Association of Applied Biologists and the Horticultural Education Association ... the chrysanthemum. In short-day plants, providing that they have first been exposed to light of high intensity, flowering is determined by exposure to dark periods of more than ...

D. VINCE

1957-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

379

Nanoscale Growth Twins in Sputtered Copper Films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................. 7 I.1.3. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) .................................... 8 I.2. Fabrication of copper thin films .................................................... 12... to the exposure of the film growth surface to the solution, impurities may be introduced. I.1.3. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) CVD is a chemical process used to produce high-purity, high-performance thin films and often used in the semiconductor industry...

Anderoglu, Osman

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

380

LIMITS TO GROWTH AND STOCHASTICS Nicolas Bouleau  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to acknowledge that the impact of the economy on the environment is not a result of temperance or mitigation of natural variations but rather that the economy itself ­ in addition to the underlying trends due to growth the context for our main discussion. I. On the Rome report: simple models and their refinements The issue

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

EIA - Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Low Economic Growth Case Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low Economic Growth Case

382

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Growth of Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Support for Growth of Alternative Fuel Sources

383

Energy scarcity and economic growth reconsidered  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The analysis in this paper is concerned with the effect of energy scarcity on economic growth in the United States. After defining the notion of scarcity and introducing two measures of scarcity - unit costs and relative energy price - changes in the trend in resource scarcity for natural gas, bituminous coals, anthracite coal, and crude oil over the most recent three decades are investigated. Each of the energy resources became significantly more scarce resources during the decade of the 1970s in the Malthusian Stock Scarcity and Malthusian Flow Scarcity sense. Unit costs exhibit a similar change for natural gas and crude oil but not for bituminous coal and anthracite coal. The situation reversed itself during the 1980s. Natural gas, bituminous coal, anthracite coal, and crude oil all became significantly less scarce resources during the decade of the 1980s than they had been during the 1970s. That is, the increase in scarcity as measured by relative energy prices observed during the decade of the) 1970s was not reversed completely during the 1980s for natural gas and crude oil. Unit costs for natural gas and crude oil demonstrate analogous patterns and test results. Given that change has taken place, it has implications for future economic growth to the extent resource scarcity and economic growth are interrelated. To see whether this is a relevant concern, subsequent to the examination of changing resource scarcity trends, an objective effort is made to identify a long run equilibrium relationship between energy scarcity and economic growth. Relying on cointegration techniques, only for crude oil is there a suggestion that resource scarcity has affected economic growth in the United States over the period 1889-1992.

Noel D. Uri

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Human capital composition, growth and development: an R&D growth model versus data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of human capital composition on growth and development has been somewhat neglected in economic literature. However, evidence has suggested the importance of engineering and technical (high-tech) ski...

Tiago Neves Sequeira

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Inflation uncertainty, growth uncertainty, oil prices, and output growth in the UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the transmission and response of inflation uncertainty and output uncertainty on inflation and output growth in the UK using a bi-variate EGARCH model. Results suggest that inflation uncertain...

Ramprasad Bhar; Girijasankar Mallik

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Dominance testing for pro-poor growth with an application to European growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article introduces statistical testing procedures to evaluate pro-poor growth. Our measure of pro-poorness follows Kakwani (J Quant Econ 16(1):67...2000), Kakwani and Pernia (Asian Dev Rev 18(1...2000),...

Daniel Sotelsek-Salem; Ismael Ahamdanech-Zarco; John A. Bishop

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

LoCuSS: THE STEADY DECLINE AND SLOW QUENCHING OF STAR FORMATION IN CLUSTER GALAXIES OVER THE LAST FOUR BILLION YEARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the levels and evolution of star formation activity in a representative sample of 30 massive galaxy clusters at 0.15 < z < 0.30 from the Local Cluster Substructure Survey, combining wide-field Spitzer/MIPS 24 ?m data with extensive spectroscopy of cluster members. The specific SFRs of massive (M > or approx. 10{sup 10} M{sub ?}) star-forming cluster galaxies within r{sub 200} are found to be systematically ?28% lower than their counterparts in the field at fixed stellar mass and redshift, a difference significant at the 8.7? level. This is the unambiguous signature of star formation in most (and possibly all) massive star-forming galaxies being slowly quenched upon accretion into massive clusters, their star formation rates (SFRs) declining exponentially on quenching timescales in the range 0.7-2.0 Gyr. We measure the mid-infrared Butcher-Oemler effect over the redshift range 0.0-0.4, finding rapid evolution in the fraction (f{sub SF}) of massive (M{sub K} < 23.1) cluster galaxies within r{sub 200} with SFRs > 3 M{sub ?} yr{sup 1}, of the form f{sub SF}?(1 + z){sup 7.61.1}. We dissect the origins of the Butcher-Oemler effect, revealing it to be due to the combination of a ?3 decline in the mean specific SFRs of star-forming cluster galaxies since z ? 0.3 with a ?1.5 decrease in number density. Two-thirds of this reduction in the specific SFRs of star-forming cluster galaxies is due to the steady cosmic decline in the specific SFRs among those field galaxies accreted into the clusters. The remaining one-third reflects an accelerated decline in the star formation activity of galaxies within clusters. The slow quenching of star formation in cluster galaxies is consistent with a gradual shut down of star formation in infalling spiral galaxies as they interact with the intracluster medium via ram-pressure stripping or starvation mechanisms. The observed sharp decline in star formation activity among cluster galaxies since z ? 0.4 likely reflects the increased susceptibility of low-redshift spiral galaxies to gas removal mechanisms as their gas surface densities decrease with time. We find no evidence for the build-up of cluster S0 bulges via major nuclear starburst episodes.

Haines, C. P.; Pereira, M. J.; Egami, E.; Rawle, T. D. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Smith, G. P.; Sanderson, A. J. R. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Babul, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 1A1 (Canada); Finoguenov, A. [Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Gustaf Hllstrmin katu 2a, FI-0014 Helsinki (Finland); Merluzzi, P.; Busarello, G. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello 16, I-80131 Napoli (Italy); Okabe, N., E-mail: cphaines@as.arizona.edu [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Substrate solder barriers for semiconductor epilayer growth  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

During the growth of compound semiconductors by epitaxial processes, substrates are typically mounted to a support. In modular beam epitaxy, mounting is done using indium as a solder. This method has two drawbacks: the indium reacts with the substrate, and it is difficult to uniformly wet the back of a large diameter substrate. Both of these problems have been successfully overcome by sputter coating the back of the substrate with a thin layer of tungsten carbide or tungsten carbide and gold. In addition to being compatible with the growth of high quality semiconductor epilayers this coating is also inert in all standard substrate cleaning etchants used for compound semiconductors, and provides uniform distribution of energy in radiant heating.

Drummond, T.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1989-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

389

Substrate solder barriers for semiconductor epilayer growth  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

During the growth of compound semiconductors by epitaxial processes, substrates are typically mounted to a support. In molecular beam epitaxy, mounting is done using indium as a solder. This method has two drawbacks: the indium reacts with the substrate, and it is difficult to uniformly wet the back of a large diameter substrate. Both of these problems have been successfully overcome by sputter coating the back of the substrate with a thin layer of tungsten carbide or tungsten carbide and gold. In addition to being compatible with the growth of high quality semiconductor epilayers this coating is also inert in all standard substate cleaning etchants used for compound semiconductors, and provides uniform distribution of energy in radiant heating. 1 tab.

Drummond, T.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Zipperian, T.E.

1987-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

390

EIA - High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 13 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, High Economic Growth Case High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

391

GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support Jump to: navigation, search Name GGGI-Ethiopia-Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) Sector Energy Focus Area Economic Development Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Ethiopia UN Region Eastern Africa References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Abstract In 2010, GGGI carried out a first phase baseline analysis of Ethiopia's green growth opportunities, focusing on three key sectors: agriculture, forestry, and power. The objective of this phase1project was to identify, prioritize and evaluate the opportunities for green growth in Ethiopia in the context of its very ambitious Economic Transformation Plan (ETP) and economic growth targets which state the objective of transforming Ethiopia in a mid-income country by 2025.

392

Graphene Layer Growth Chemistry: Five-Six-Ring Flip Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25-28, 2007. Topic: Soot GRAPHENE LAYER GROWTH CHEMISTRY:on the zigzag edge of a graphene layer isomerizes to reversea possibly important step in graphene layer growth, thus

Whitesides, Russell; Domin, Dominik; Lester Jr., William A.; Frenklach, Michael

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Japan's Hunger for Growth: Environment as Political Symbolism.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In the afterglow of Japans dramatic economic growth during the post-war period, the growth mentality is still apparent in contemporary Japan. The powerful business communities (more)

Kokubun, Naoko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Growth, microstructure and electrical properties of sputter-deposited...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growth, microstructure and electrical properties of sputter-deposited hafnium oxide (HfO2) thin films grown using HfO2 ceramic Growth, microstructure and electrical properties of...

395

Transatlantic Growth Differentials, ICT Dynamics, Fiscal Policy and Innovation Policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The United States (US) recorded in the period 19912000 a formidable growth rate of about 3% p.a. where a considerable impulse for high and sustained growth stems from high investment in information and commun...

Professor Dr. Paul J. J. Welfens

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Domain growth in the clock model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of order in the clock (ZN) model is studied following a quench from the disordered phase to a low-temperature unstable state below the ferromagnetic critical point. Growth laws for the average size of domains are obtained by computer simulation for N=3, 4, 8, 16, and 26 degenerate states. In disagreement with recent Monte Carlo work, no pinning by vortices is observed.

Kimmo Kaski; Martin Grant; J. D. Gunton

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN AFRICA' ~-' ,, I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GROWTH OF SOUTH AFRICAN FISHERIES -SQUTH-: WEST .-' AFRICA' ~-' ,, I I , I :--. .,' UN I .............................................. Regrouping of Interests ······························ Fisheries Development Corporation of South Africa, Ltd and the trawling interests, respectively. The quasi-official Fisheries Develop- ment Corporation of South Africa

398

Extracellular volume regulation and growth Dobroslav Hajeka,*, Petr Kolarb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the 8-cell cube, in this type of proliferation 4-cells could form a tetrahedron. This type of growth

Maini, Philip K.

399

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko AT&T Labs ­ Research amo@research.att.com http://www.research.att.com/¸amo Abstract Actual Internet traffic growth rates of 100 percent per year to Internet growth claim astronomical rates of increase; the usual phrase is that ``Internet traffic

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

400

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet growth: Myth and reality, use and abuse Andrew Odlyzko AT&T Labs - Research amo@research.att.com http://www.research.att.com/ amo Abstract Actual Internet traffic growth rates of 100 percent per year to Internet growth claim astronomical rates of increase; the usual phrase is that "Internet traffic

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Growth of Fast- and Slow-Growing Rhizobia on Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...capable of using ethanol as a sole source of carbon and energy for growth. Two...capable of using ethanol as a sole source of carbon and energy for growth. Two...capable of using ethanol as a sole source of carbon and energy for growth. Two...

Michael J. Sadowsky; B. Ben Bohlool

1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Bubble growth in rhyolitic melt Yang Liu, Youxue Zhang *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bubble growth in rhyolitic melt Yang Liu, Youxue Zhang * The Department of Geological Sciences June 2000; accepted 8 June 2000 Abstract We report experimental data of bubble growth in natural rhyolitic melt with 1.4^2.0 wt% initial total H2O at 0.1 MPa and 500^600³C. Growth of many bubbles

Zhang, Youxue

403

Plant Growth Measurement Techniques Using Near-Infrared  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plant Growth Measurement Techniques Using Near-Infrared Imagery Amr Aboelela John Barron Dept, for measuring plant growth for corn seedlings and Caster Oil Bean leaves. A near-infrared camera, which allows to hypothesize where growth might be taking place. Keywords: Near-Infrared Imagery, Corn Seedling stem

Barron, John

404

Physiology of dark fermentative growth of Rhodopseudomonas capsulata.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...requirements for anaerobic dark growth. With fructose...source of carbon and energy for anaerobic dark growth, either...experiments. A survey of potentially fermentable...1. Anaerobic dark growth of R. capsulata...and as the sole energy and electron source...

M T Madigan; J C Cox; H Gest

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Fracture toughness and fatigue crack growth characteristics of nanotwinned copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fracture and subcritical fatigue crack growth life. Possible mechanistic origins of these trends and the resistance to stable subcritical crack growth under mono- tonic and cyclic loading, especially at lowerFracture toughness and fatigue crack growth characteristics of nanotwinned copper A. Singh a,1 , L

Suresh, Subra

406

The Empirical Research of the Growth of the Listing Real Estate Company Based on the Sustainable Growth Rate Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper is based on the classical Robert C. Higgins sustainable growth model as the theoretical foundation, for the empirical research of the sustainable growth of the listing Real estate company. Through rese...

Shuai Gao; Hong Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - allogeneic growth plate Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: increasing during the early stages of colonial growth after larval settlement. Parents repressed the growth... may engage in competitive over- growth (Jackson 1977) or...

408

Interfacial and near interfacial crack growth phenomena in metal bonded alumina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies looking at subcritical crack growth at interfaces,An understanding of subcritical crack growth is important,the amount of subcritical crack growth data that could be

Kruzic, Jamie Joseph

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual Website: sefi.unep.org/fileadmin/media/sefi/docs/publications/PublicPrivateWeb. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries: Public Finance Mechanisms to scale up private sector investment in climate solutions Screenshot References: Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries[1]

410

South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support Jump to: navigation, search Name South Korea-Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country South Korea Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that economic growth and environmental sustainability are not merely compatible objectives; their integration is essential for the future of humankind. GGGI is dedicated to pioneering and diffusing a new model of economic

411

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Jump to: navigation, search Name Korea's Green Growth Strategy: Mitigating Climate Change and Developing New Growth Engines Agency/Company /Organization Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Topics Policies/deployment programs, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Guide/manual Website http://www.oecd.org/officialdo Country South Korea UN Region Eastern Asia References Korea's Green Growth Strategy[1] Overview "Korea's greenhouse gas emissions almost doubled between 1990 and 2005, the highest growth rate in the OECD area. Korea recently set a target of reducing emissions by 30% by 2020 relative to a "business as usual"

412

Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Ethiopia-Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Ethiopia Eastern Africa References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by placing the best available analytical tools at their disposal, building

413

Cambodia-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cambodia-Green Growth Planning Cambodia-Green Growth Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Cambodia-Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Cambodia South-Eastern Asia References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by placing the best available analytical tools at their disposal, building

414

From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth Agency/Company /Organization: ClimateWorks, European Climate Foundation Sector: Climate Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.project-catalyst.info/images/publications/101127_from_climate_fina From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth Screenshot References: From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth[1] Logo: From Climate Finance to Financing Green Growth "This document outlines the benefits of green growth and the importance of developing the right policies to support a transition towards the low carbon economy. It assesses the financing needs of green growth in

415

Peru-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Peru-Green Growth Planning Peru-Green Growth Planning Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-Green Growth Planning Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) Sector Climate Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development Topics Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, Market analysis, Technology characterizations Website http://www.gggi.org/project/ma Program Start 2011 Program End 2016 Country Peru South America References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Cambodia Green Growth Planning[2] Overview "GGGI supports emerging and developing countries that seek to develop rigorous green growth economic development strategies. It does so by placing the best available analytical tools at their disposal, building

416

CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning Agency/Company /Organization: Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Sector: Energy Topics: Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Guide/manual, Publications User Interface: Other Website: cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/CDKN-Guide-to-Green-Growth.pdf Cost: Free Language: English CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning Screenshot References: CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning[1] Logo: CDKN-Green Growth: Implications for Development Planning "This guide by CDKN aims to support national planners and policy makers in

417

Growth histories in bimetric massive gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform cosmological perturbation theory in Hassan-Rosen bimetric gravity for general homogeneous and isotropic backgrounds. In the de Sitter approximation, we obtain decoupled sets of massless and massive scalar gravitational fluctuations. Matter perturbations then evolve like in Einstein gravity. We perturb the future de Sitter regime by the ratio of matter to dark energy, producing quasi-de Sitter space. In this more general setting the massive and massless fluctuations mix. We argue that in the quasi-de Sitter regime, the growth of structure in bimetric gravity differs from that of Einstein gravity.

Berg, Marcus; Buchberger, Igor [Department of Physics, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad (Sweden); Enander, Jonas; Mrtsell, Edvard; Sjrs, Stefan, E-mail: marcus.berg@kau.se, E-mail: igor.buchberger@kau.se, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se, E-mail: stefans@fysik.su.se [Oskar Klein Center, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Coupling between grain growth and grain rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grain boundary motion during grain growth or recrystallization is considered as a diffusion process of atomic movement across the boundary. It can be accompanied by subgrain rotation or nanograin rotation. However grain boundary migration can be achieved also by dislocation motion or creep. The evidence is the power law relationship between driving force and boundary velocity for large driving forces and an activation energy which approaches that of self-diffusion at low driving forces and decreases with increasing driving force. The creep mechanism may or may not involve grain rotation. Experimental evidences and dislocation models are discussed in reference to coupling between boundary migration and grain rotation.

Bhakta B. Rath; M. Winning; J. C. M. Li

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Growth and propagation of Acer grandidentatum Nutt.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to exogenous auxins, time of season, and type of cutting to determine ability to root from cuttings of current season's growth. Five month old seedlings from the Sabinal source averaged 13. 0 + 1. 9 cm (st. dev. ) in height. At nine months of age, a posi... utilizing softwood and semihardwood single node, 6 cm terminal, or 25 cm terminal cuttings taken from 7 trees during June to September and treated with 0. 1X IBA and 0. 4% IBA. Approximately 26/ of the cuttings callused. Vascular differentiation...

Tankersley, Boyce Elbert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

420

WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name WEF-Green Growth Partnerships Initiative Agency/Company /Organization World Economic Forum Partner Global Green Growth Institute, Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Government Sector Energy, Land, Climate Topics Finance, Low emission development planning Resource Type Case studies/examples Website http://www.weforum.org/ Program Start 2011 References WEF Site[1] IISD News[2] Abstract The Green Growth Partnerships (GGP) Initiative is convening public, private and expert practitioners in a unique advisory platform to leverage private finance into low carbon investments in developing countries. "The Green Growth Partnerships (GGP) Initiative is convening public,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Event:Green Growth Forum 2013 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Green Growth Forum 2013 Green Growth Forum 2013 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Green Growth Forum 2013: 8:00-12:00 on 2013/01/25 The Green Growth Forum on January 25 will bring together international experts and Ireland's leaders in green finance, technology, energy and innovation to look at how Ireland can be a leader in the low carbon economy. Event Details Name Green Growth Forum 2013 Date 2013/01/25 Time 8:00-12:00 Location Dublin, Ireland Tags LEDS, Training, CLEAN Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:Green_Growth_Forum_2013&oldid=574556" Category: Events What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

422

Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Finance Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project[1] Programme of support to the Ministry of Finance to support it to develop policies, structures and financing mechanisms integral to Indonesia's low-carbon growth strategy. References ↑ "Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project"

423

The relationship between economic growth and biomass energy consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper investigates the relationship analysis between biomass energy consumption and economic growth by using Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach of cointegration and vector error-correction models. The cointegration test results show that there is cointegration between the biomasss energy consumption and the economic growth in five of the seven countries (Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia and Guatemala) and there is no cointegration between the biomasss energy consumption and the economic growth in two of the seven countries (Argentina and Jamaica).

Melike E. Bildirici

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Association of automobile passenger transportation and economic growth in Japan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) (Nember) January 1969 ABSTRACT Association cf Automobile Passenger Transportation and Economic Growth in Japan. (January 1969) Teruhiko Boric, B. A. , &faseda University Directed by: Dr. ~felvin L. Greenhut In order to evaluate the growth... of Japanese post-war passenger transportation, a comparative study of the U. S. passenger transporta- ti. on development between 1910 and 1940 has been made. The growth rate of automobile ownership prior to the Great Depression is larger than the rate...

Horie, Teruhiko

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Breakthrough in Nanocrystals' Growth | Advanced Photon Source  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Next Step to Drought-Resistant Plants? Next Step to Drought-Resistant Plants? A Boring Material "Stretched" Could Lead to an Electronics Revolution At the Crossroads of Chromosomes Unveiling the Structure of Adenovirus Making Silicon Melt in Reverse Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Breakthrough in Nanocrystals' Growth OCTOBER 22, 2010 Bookmark and Share Silver nanoplates decorated with silver oxy salt nanoparticles along the edges. These nanostructures were grown under irradiation of high-energy x-rays from the APS, which allowed scientists to "watch' them grow in real time. The image is from a scanning electron microscope at the Argonne EMC. Research at the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source (APS),

426

Head erosion with emittance growth in PWFA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Head erosion is one of the limiting factors in plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA). We present a study of head erosion with emittance growth in field-ionized plasma from the PWFA experiments performed at the FACET user facility at SLAC. At FACET, a 20.3 GeV bunch with 1.8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} electrons is optimized in beam transverse size and combined with a high density lithium plasma for beam-driven plasma wakefield acceleration experiments. A target foil is inserted upstream of the plasma source to increase the bunch emittance through multiple scattering. Its effect on beamplasma interaction is observed with an energy spectrometer after a vertical bend magnet. Results from the first experiments show that increasing the emittance has suppressed vapor field-ionization and plasma wakefields excitation. Plans for the future are presented.

Li, S. Z.; Adli, E.; England, R. J.; Frederico, J.; Gessner, S. J.; Hogan, M. J.; Litos, M. D.; Walz, D. R.; Muggli, P.; An, W.; Clayton, C. E.; Joshi, C.; Lu, W.; Marsh, K. A.; Mori, W.; Vafaei, N. [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States) and University of Oslo, Oslo, N-0316 (Norway) and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany); University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

MIX and Instability Growth from Oblique Shock  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the formation and evolution of shock-induced mix resulting from interface features in a divergent cylindrical geometry. In this research a cylindrical core of high-explosive was detonated to create an oblique shock wave and accelerate the interface. The interfaces studied were between the high-explosive/aluminum, aluminum/plastic, and finally plastic/air. Pre-emplaced surface features added to the aluminum were used to modify this interface. Time sequence radiographic imaging quantified the resulting instability formation from the growth phase to over 60 {micro}s post-detonation. Thus allowing the study of the onset of mix and evolution to turbulence. The plastic used here was porous polyethylene. Radiographic image data are compared with numerical simulations of the experiments.

Molitoris, J D; Batteux, J D; Garza, R G; Tringe, J W; Souers, P C; Forbes, J W

2011-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

428

Lid for improved dendritic web growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A lid for a susceptor in which a crystalline material is melted by induction heating to form a pool or melt of molten material from which a dendritic web of essentially a single crystal of the material is pulled through an elongated slot in the lid and the lid has a pair of generally round openings adjacent the ends of the slot and a groove extends between each opening and the end of the slot. The grooves extend from the outboard surface of the lid to adjacent the inboard surface providing a strip contiguous with the inboard surface of the lid to produce generally uniform radiational heat loss across the width of the dendritic web adjacent the inboard surface of the lid to reduce thermal stresses in the web and facilitate the growth of wider webs at a greater withdrawal rate.

Duncan, Charles S. (Penn Hills, PA); Kochka, Edgar L. (Greentree, PA); Piotrowski, Paul A. (Monroeville, PA); Seidensticker, Raymond G. (Forest Hills, PA)

1992-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

429

Network growth for enhanced natural selection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural selection and random drift are competing phenomena for explaining the evolution of populations. Combining a highly fit mutant with a population structure that improves the odds that the mutation spreads through the whole population tips the balance in favor of natural selection. The probability that the spread occurs, known as the fixation probability, depends heavily on how the population is structured. Certain topologies, albeit highly artificially contrived, have been shown to exist that favor fixation. We present a randomized mechanism for network growth that is loosely inspired in some of these topologies key properties and demonstrate, through simulations, that it is capable of giving rise to structured populations for which the fixation probability significantly surpasses that of an unstructured population. This discovery provides important support to the notion that natural selection can be enhanced over random drift in naturally occurring population structures.

Valmir C. Barbosa; Raul Donangelo; Sergio R. Souza

2009-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

430

Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Country Studies Program Country Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/ Country Poland, Republic of Macedonia UN Region Northern Europe References ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program[1] References ↑ "ESMAP-Macedonia-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Low_Carbon_Growth_Country_Studies_Program&oldid=576259"

431

Ukraine-Capacity Building for Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Capacity Building for Low Carbon Growth in Ukraine AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy,...

432

Characterizing partition functions of the vertex model by rank growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We characterize which graph invariants are partition functions of a vertex model over the complex numbers, in terms of the rank growth of associated `connection matrices'.

Alexander Schrijver

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

433

Graphene Layer Growth: Collision of Migrating Five-Member Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monte Carlo simulations of graphene edge buildup, the rateGraphene layer growth: Collision of migrating five- memberon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. The process is

Whitesides, Russell; Kollias, Alexander C.; Domin, Dominik; Lester Jr., William A.; Frenklach, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Nutrient limitation of bacterioplankton growth in Lake Dillon, Colorado  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

to sustain maximum growth; the experimental and statistical analysts indicate that P, ... In addition, statistical evidence sug- ...... Probability and statistics for en-.

2000-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

435

TIMMS, RM, AND BRIAN MOSS. Prevention of growth of potentially  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mar 1, 1983 ... Limnol. Oceanogr., 29(3), 1984, 472-486. 0 1984, by the American. Society or Limnology and Oceanography,. Inc. Prevention of growth of...

2000-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

436

Electricity consumption and economic growth empirical evidence from Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present article uses the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing procedure to identify the long run equilibrium relationship between electricity consumption and economic growth. Toda Yamamoto and...

Muhammad Shahbaz; Mete Feridun

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies - Slower Growth Ahead? Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Recent Trends in Car Usage in Advanced Economies -...

438

Posttraumatic growth of Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This content and mini meta-analysis synthesizes the available data of four studies on posttraumatic growth of Iraq and Afghanistan War veterans and compares it to (more)

Miller, Mark Alan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Essays on Financial Liberalisation, Financial Crises and Economic Growth.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis investigates the impact of financial liberalisation policies on finance-growth relationship and financial crises. Analysis of recent trends and economic performance of financially developed (more)

Atiq, Zeeshan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Finacial liberalisation and sustainable economic growth in ECOWAS countries .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The thesis examines the comprehensive relationship between all aspects of financial liberalisation and economic growth in three countries from the Economic Community of West African (more)

Owusu, Erasmus Labri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Egypt-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Egypt Northern Africa References LCGP support1 Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice, August 20092 Overview "Achieving development goals depends on enabling poorer...

442

A Survey of the U.S. ESCO Industry: Market Growth and Development from 2000 to 2006  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

renewable energy programs. ESCOs project continued growth,renewable energy programs. ESCOs are projecting continued growth,

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Gilligan, Donald; Singer, Terry E.; Birr, Dave

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Original article Growth dynamics, transpiration and water-use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Growth dynamics, transpiration and water-use efficiency in Quercus robur plants. Transpiration efficiency (W = biomass accumulation/plant water use) was improved by 47% by the elevated [CO2 by theory. elevated CO2 / growth / leaf gas exchange / water-use efficiency / carbon isotope discrimination

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

444

Fluctuation growth and spinodal decomposition in heavy ion reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The liquid/vapor phase diagram of a Hamiltonian-based model for nuclear dynamics (Quasiparticle dynamics) is determined. Finite size effects in the coexistence region and the time scale for fluctuation growth associated with spinodal decomposition are quantitatively investigated. For finite nuclei, no direct link is found between the phase diagram and either the rate of fluctuation growth or its density dependence.

David H. Boal and James N. Glosli

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Sibling competition and the evolution of growth rates in birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...parental investment (e.g. the energy cost of scrambling), sibling...1991 Trade o between growth and energy storage in male Vipera berus...Reproductive success of polygynous male corn buntings Miliaria calandra as...1999 Growth rates of nestling corn buntings Miliaria calandra in...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Growth of graphene on Ir(111) Johann Coraux1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growth of graphene on Ir(111) Johann Coraux1 ,, Alpha T. N'Diaye1 §, Martin Engler1 , Carsten Busse a renewed interest as a route towards high quality graphene prepared in a reproducible manner. Here we employ two growth methods for graphene on Ir(111), namely room temperature adsorption and thermal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

Export sophistication and economic growth: evidence from China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Export sophistication and economic growth: evidence from China Joachim Jarreau PSE CEPII sandra halshs-00962593,version1-21Mar2014 #12;Export Sophistication and Economic Growth: evidence from China on economic performance using re- gional variations within a single country (China) over the period 1997

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

448

Fracture mechanics analysis of slow crack growth in polyethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slow crack growth in polyethylene is often the limiting factor in long-term service of plastic pipe or other structural applications. A new test method and analysis method was developed to study slow crack growth in polyethylene. Two high density...

Self, Robert Alan

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article A study on growth stresses, tension wood distribution and other related wood variations of wood structure (specific gravity and pulp yield), and the transverse mechanical resistance of wood. To investigate growth stresses, longitudinal displacements after stress release were estimated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

GROWTH OF BETTI NUMBERS BRYAN CLAIR AND KEVIN WHYTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GROWTH OF BETTI NUMBERS BRYAN CLAIR AND KEVIN WHYTE Introduction Let X = eX= be a finite simplicial complex. We study the growth rate of the Betti numbers coverings of X. It is easy to see that the sequence* * of Betti numbers {bq(Xi)} can grow at most

Whyte, Kevin

451

Technological Advancement and Long-Term Economic Growth in Asia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-term economic growth. We further realize that the innovation process must be sup- ported by a complex set4 Technological Advancement and Long-Term Economic Growth in Asia Jeffrey D. Sachs and John W. Mc to think very hard about the linkages between technology and economic development. The harder we think

452

What constrains spread growth in forecasts ini2alized from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 What constrains spread growth in forecasts ini2alized from ensemble Kalman filters? Tom from manner in which ini2al condi2ons are generated, some due to the model (e.g., stochas2c physics as error; part of spread growth from manner in which ini2al condi2ons are generated, some due

Hamill, Tom

453

Original article Effects of arginine, growth hormone-releasing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

release of ARG (1 g/kg body weight, infused between times-15 and -5 min), growth hormone-releasing hormone Growth hormone (GH) secretion is regu- lated by many factors including nutrients. Arginine (ARG) infused infusions of ARG can stimulate GH secre- tion in lambs (Davenport et al, 1990a, 1995), adult sheep

Boyer, Edmond

454

Bubble growth during decompression of magma: experimental and theoretical investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bubble growth during decompression of magma: experimental and theoretical investigation N.G. Lensky, Israel Abstract A model of bubble growth during decompression of supersaturated melt was developed in order to explore the conditions for preservation of gas overpressure in bubbles or for maintaining

Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

455

Entertaining Malthus: Bread, Circuses and Economic GrowthI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

historical facts. The widely-held belief that growth prior to the Industrial Revolution was flat is based Growth, Technology Change, Industrial Revolution I First Version: June 20, 2013. We are grateful to NSF capita consumption that has taken place since the Industrial Revolution. Rather, it is asserted

Bandyopadhyay, Antar

456

Estimation of Growth Rate from the Mitotic Index  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Growth Rate from the Mitotic Index KING-THOM CHUNG, EDGAR H...an exponentially 778 MITOTIC INDEX GROWTH RATE 0 la 0 .0 E z...represents the time interval between completion of protein synthesis and division...Scherbaum, 0. 1957. The division index and multiplica- tion in a...

King-Thom Chung; Edgar H. Nilson; Marilyn J. Case; Allen G. Marr; Robert E. Hungate

1973-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) Small Enterprise Growth Fund (Maine) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Equity Investment Provider Small Enterprise Growth Fund The Small Enterprise Growth Fund is a professionally-managed venture capital fund that invests in Maine companies which demonstrate high potential for growth and public benefit. The fund has received $13 million in capital contributions from the state and operates as a revolving fund. Companies in nearly any industry are eligible for funding, including seed and early stage companies. On average, $100,000 to $300,000 is invested per

458

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - Low Economic Growth Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main Low Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary Low Economic Growth Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year Low Economic Growth Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions

459

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - High Economic Growth Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Tables (2007-2035) Economic Growth Tables (2007-2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main High Economic Growth Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary High Economic Growth Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year High Economic Growth Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Excel Gif

460

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Low Economic Growth Case Projection  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region Table C1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table C2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table C2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anticipated steady growth" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Annual Energy Outlook 2007 - Low Economic Growth Case Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Low Macroeconomic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 MS Excel Viewer Spreadsheets are provided in Excel Low Economic Growth Case Tables (2004-2030) Table Title Formats Summary Low Economic Growth Case Tables Low Economic Growth Case Tables Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity

462

Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project Agency/Company /Organization United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Ministry of Finance Sector Climate Focus Area Greenhouse Gas, People and Policy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://projects.dfid.gov.uk/pr Program Start 2010 Program End 2012 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project[1] Programme of support to the Ministry of Finance to support it to develop policies, structures and financing mechanisms integral to Indonesia's low-carbon growth strategy. References ↑ "Indonesia Low Carbon Growth Project" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Indonesia_Low_Carbon_Growth_Project&oldid=407118"

463

Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Green Growth Strategy Support Agency/Company /Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Brazilian Finance Ministry, EMBRAPA, FGV, Danish Energy Agency Sector Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Publications Website http://www.gggi.org/ Program Start 2010 Country Brazil South America References Global Green Growth Institute[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Brazil 3 Indonesia 4 References Overview The Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) was founded on the belief that

464

III-V Nanowire Array Growth by Selective Area Epitaxy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

III-V semiconductor nanowires are unique material phase due to their high aspect ratio, large surface area, and strong quantum confinement. This affords the opportunity to control charge transport and optical properties for electrical and photonic applications. Nanoscale selective area metalorganic chemical vapor deposition growth (NS-SAG) is a promising technique to maximize control of nanowire diameter and position, which are essential for device application. In this work, InP and GaAs nanowire arrays are grown by NS-SAG. We observe enhanced sidewall growth and array uniformity disorder in high growth rate condition. Disorder in surface morphology and array uniformity of InP nanowire array is explained by enhanced growth on the sidewall and stacking faults. We also find that AsH{sub 3} decomposition on the sidewall affects the growth behavior of GaAs nanowire arrays.

Chu, Hyung-Joon; Stewart, Lawrence [Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California (United States); Yeh, Tingwei [Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, University of Southern California 3651 Watt Way, VHE-314, Los Angeles, CA90089 (United States); Dapkus, P. Daniel [Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Southern California (United States); Mork Family Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, University of Southern California 3651 Watt Way, VHE-314, Los Angeles, CA90089 (United States)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

465

Coal consumption and economic growth in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to re-examine the relationship between coal consumption and real GDP of China with the use of panel data. This paper applies modern panel data techniques to help shed light on the importance of the heterogeneity among different regions within China. Empirical analyses are conducted for the full panel as well as three subgroups of the panel. The empirical results show that coal consumption and GDP are both I(1) and cointegrated in all regional groupings. Heterogeneity is found in the GDP equation of the full panel. The regional causality tests reveal that the coal consumptionGDP relationship is bidirectional in the Coastal and Central regions whereas causality is unidirectional from GDP to coal consumption in the Western region. Thus, energy conservation measures will not adversely affect the economic growth of the Western region but such measures will likely encumber the economy of the Coastal and Central regions, where most of the coal intensive industries are concentrated.

Raymond Li; Guy C.K. Leung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

ORNL rod-bundle heat-transfer test data. Volume 7. Thermal-Hydraulic Test Facility experimental data report for test series 3. 07. 9 - steady-state film boiling in upflow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal-Hydraulic Test Facility (THTF) test series 3.07.9 was conducted by members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pressurized-Water Reactor (ORNL-PWR) Blowdown Heat Transfer (BDHT) Separate-Effects Program on September 11, September 18, and October 1, 1980. The objective of the program is to investigate heat transfer phenomena believed to occur in PWRs during accidents, including small- and large-break loss-of-coolant accidents. Test series 3.07.9 was designed to provide steady-state film boiling data in rod bundle geometry under reactor accident-type conditions. This report presents the reduced instrument responses for THTF test series 3.07.9. Also included are uncertainties in the instrument responses, calculated mass flows, and calculated rod powers.

Mullins, C.B.; Felde, D.K.; Sutton, A.G.; Gould, S.S.; Morris, D.G.; Robinson, J.J.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Investigations of the radial propagation of blob-like structure in a non-confined electron cyclotron resonance heated plasma on Q-shu University Experiment with a Steady-State Spherical Tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of radial propagation and electric fields induced by charge separation in blob-like structures has been performed in a non-confined cylindrical electron cyclotron resonance heating plasma on Q-shu University Experiment with a Steady-State Spherical Tokamak using a fast-speed camera and a Langmuir probe. The radial propagation of the blob-like structures is found to be driven by E x B drift. Moreover, these blob-like structures were found to have been accelerated, and the property of the measured radial velocities agrees with the previously proposed model [C. Theiler et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 065001 (2009)]. Although the dependence of the radial velocity on the connection length of the magnetic field appeared to be different, a plausible explanation based on enhanced short-circuiting of the current path can be proposed.

Ogata, R.; Liu, H. Q.; Ishiguro, M.; Ikeda, T. [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Science, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Hanada, K.; Zushi, H.; Nakamura, K.; Fujisawa, A.; Idei, H.; Hasegawa, M.; Kawasaki, S.; Nakashima, H.; Higashijima, A. [Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Nishino, N. [Department of Mechanical System Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University (Japan); Collaboration: QUEST Group

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Market analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.sefalliance.org/fileadmin/media/base/downloads/SEFI_Public_Finance Public Finance Mechanisms to Catalyze Sustainable Energy Sector Growth Screenshot

469

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia

470

Manufacturing process to reduce large grain growth in zirconium alloys  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

It is an object of the present invention to provide a procedure for desensitizing zirconium-based alloys to large grain growth (LGG) during thermal treatment above the recrystallization temperature of the alloy. It is a further object of the present invention to provide a method for treating zirconium-based alloys which have been cold-worked in the range of 2 to 8% strain to reduce large grain growth. It is another object of the present invention to provide a method for fabricating a zirconium alloy clad nuclear fuel element wherein the zirconium clad is resistant to large grain growth.

Rosecrans, P.M.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Domain-growth kinetics of systems with soft walls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has recently been suggested by Mouritsen on the basis of computer simulations that systems with soft domain walls exhibit slower domain growth than the R?t1/2 growth law predicted by Lifshitz and Allen and Cahn. We underscore the reasons to believe this interpretation of the data to be incorrect and draw attention to an experiment by Pindak, Young, Meyer, and Clark, whose results are in complete agreement with the predictions of Allen and Cahn. The reason for the unexpected growth dynamics observed in Mouritsens simulations is suggested.

Wim van Saarloos and Martin Grant

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Kinetics of monolayer graphene growth by segregation on Pd(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using in situ low-energy electron microscopy and density functional theory calculations, we follow the growth of monolayer graphene on Pd(111) via surface segregation of bulk-dissolved carbon. Upon lowering the substrate temperature, nucleation of graphene begins on graphene-free Pd surface and continues to occur during graphene growth. Measurements of graphene growth rates and Pd surface work functions establish that this continued nucleation is due to increasing C adatom concentration on the Pd surface with time. We attribute this anomalous phenomenon to a large barrier for attachment of C adatoms to graphene coupled with a strong binding of the non-graphitic C to the Pd surface.

Mok, H. S.; Murata, Y.; Kodambaka, S., E-mail: kodambaka@ucla.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Ebnonnasir, A.; Ciobanu, C. V. [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Nie, S.; McCarty, K. F. [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

473

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted crack growth Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cal crack growth by stress... for the first time in sapphire for both modes of subcritical cracking. It was found that growth rates were... growth rates could be closely...

474

Regulation of mTOR complex 1 in response to growth factors and nutrients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In multicellular organisms, cells ensure the simultaneous availability of growth factors and nutrients before they invest in cellular processes that lead to growth. The TOR kinase is a master regulator of cellular growth ...

Sancak, Yasemin S. (Yasemin Shechner)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Modal and Nonmodal Symmetric Perturbations. Part II: Nonmodal Growths Measured by Total Perturbation Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Maximum nonmodal growths of total perturbation energy are computed for symmetric perturbations constructed from the normal modes presented in Part I. The results show that the maximum nonmodal growths are larger than the energy growth produced by ...

Qin Xu; Ting Lei; Shouting Gao

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Fatigue of polycrystalline silicon for MEMS applications: Crack growth and stability under resonant loading conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S.B. , 1999. Subcritical crack growth in silicon MEMS. J.appearance of subcritical crack growth in the absence ofbe mistaken for subcritical fatigue-crack growth when the

Muhlstein, C.L.; Howe, R.T.; Ritchie, R.O.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Economic Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) Economic Redevelopment and Growth Program (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Grant Program Provider New Jersey Economic Development Authority Economic Redevelopment and Growth program (ERG) is an incentive for real estate development projects that have a financing gap, defined as having insufficient revenues to support the project debt service under a standard financing scenario. It can also apply to projects that have a below market development margin or rate of return. The grant is not meant to be a substitute for conventional debt and equity financing, and applicants

478

Meeting National Needs, Creating Opportunities for Growth Brookhaven National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Needs, Creating Opportunities for Growth National Needs, Creating Opportunities for Growth Brookhaven National Laboratory Economic Impact Report This report was prepared by Appleseed, a New York City-based economic development consulting firm that works with government, corporations, and nonprofit institutions to promote economic growth and opportunity. 80 Broad Street 13th Floor New York, NY 10004 www.appleseedinc.com Fiscal Year 2009 Highlights By the numbers... State & Local Impacts National Influence Global Reach $704 Million in economic output generated by Brookhaven Lab and its visitors $573 Million in total funding 5,400 jobs created throughout New York State 3,000 employees, 98% living on Long Island 12% growth in employment from 2006 to 2009 $74.7 Million invested in new facilities and renovations

479

Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Economic Growth, Job Creation and Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Written statement of Nicholas Whitcombe, Former Acting Director, Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program Submitted to the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Goverment Reform 4-24-13_Nicholas_Whitcombe FT HOGR More Documents & Publications Before House Subcommittee on Energy and Power and Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations - Committee on Energy and Commerce Before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Before the House Science, Space, and Technology

480

Low dose ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in ionizing radiation induces tumor growth promoting factors in stress-induced premature senescent fibroblasts David Boothman University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas Abstract Recent evidence suggest that the causes of cancer development are not limited to mutations within cancer cells, but also involve in alterations of cancer microenvironment. Senescent cells are irreversibly growth arrested, but remain metabolically active. Senescent cells, especially senescent fibroblasts in the stroma may provide a beneficial environment for tumor growth through secretion of certain factors. Accumulation of senescent cells in the stroma of patients repeatedly exposed to low doses of IR or low dose rates of IR, could be an important factor, causing alteration of the microenvironment that ultimately benefits tumor

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481

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way When applied to plants, Take-Off(tm) speeds crop emergence, increases growth rates and yields, improves stress tolerance and nutrient value, and reduces need for nitrogen fertilizers. April 3, 2012 Farmer in wheat field inspecting wheat Biagro Western offers Take-Off(tm), a metabolic plant stimulant that will allow farmers to increase crop carbon fixation and thereby increase nitrate uptake and nitrogen use efficiency. The new product speeds plants to maturity, allowing the plants to more efficiently assimilate nitrogen by coordinating the nitrogen uptake and photosynthesis processes. Field tests show that Take-Off(tm) reduced nitrogen inputs by 25 to 35 percent.

482

Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. (Manitoba, Canada) Resource and Energy Investment Program - First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. (Manitoba, Canada) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Maximum Rebate $2,000,000 (Canada) Program Info Funding Source Government of Canada, Manitoba Hydro and First Peoples Economic Growth Fund State Manitoba Program Type Loan Program Provider First Peoples Economic Growth Fund Inc. The Resource and Energy Investment Program is intended to provide debt or

483

Vermont Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) Vermont Employment Growth Incentive (Vermont) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Installer/Contractor Retail Supplier Fuel Distributor Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Industry Recruitment/Support Performance-Based Incentive Provider Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development The purpose of the Employment Growth Incentive (VEGI) is to encourage job creation in Vermont by a Vermont company, a Vermont division of a company that plans to grow and expand in Vermont, a company considering locating a new business or division in Vermont, or a Vermont start-up business

484

Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Philippines South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

485

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name South Africa-ESMAP Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Transportation Topics GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Case studies/examples Website http://www.esmap.org/ Country South Africa Southern Africa References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "To facilitate the implementation of the Long-Term Mitigation Scenario developed by the Government of South Africa in 2006, the South Africa study focuses on building capacity for energy efficiency and demand-side

486

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia - Thailand Jump to: navigation, search Name Thailand-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Thailand South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

487

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Indonesia South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

488

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-High Economic Growth Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) 7 > High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High Economic Growth Case Projection Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table B1. World Total Primary energy consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table B2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table B2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

489

Wind Farm Growth Through the Years | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wind Farm Growth Through the Years Wind Farm Growth Through the Years Wind Farm Growth Through the Years August 6, 2013 - 8:32am Addthis 1975 Start Slow Stop Year Wind Farms Homes Powered Added Current Year 815 Wind Farms Online. Enough to Power 15 M Homes Data provided by the EIA. The number of homes powered is estimated through conversion factors provided by the EIA. Daniel Wood Daniel Wood Data Integration Specialist As we publish the 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report, we are excited to break down some recent EIA data not included in the report that shows significant wind farm growth across the nation. 2012 was a big year for wind energy. In total, 143 wind farms either came on line or added capacity in 2012, bringing the total number to 815. This brought the country's total wind capacity to more than 60 GW, enough energy to power about 15

490

Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Partner United Kingdom Department for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Forestry Topics Background analysis, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.esmap.org/filez/pub Country Brazil South America References World Bank, ESMAP - Low Carbon Growth Country Studies - Getting Started[1] Overview "Benefiting from a cooperative process with Brazilian authorities, the study covers four key areas with large potential for low-carbon options in

491

Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia Agency/Company /Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Malaysia South-Eastern Asia References Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia[1]

492

Multiphase Models of Tumor Growth: General Framework and Particular Cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and triphasic case including the presence of extracellular liquid and extracellular matrix. 1 Introduction is approached using a description that splits growth and mechanical response into two separate contributions

Preziosi, Luigi

493

Distributed Wind Market Report: Small Turbines Lead to Big Growth...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Growth in Exports August 18, 2014 - 12:13pm Addthis 1 of 11 Three 100 kilowatt (kW) wind turbines in Bisaccia, Italy. Last year, U.S. small wind turbines were exported to more than...

494

Release of extracellular ATP by bacteria during growth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

virulence locus by an ATP-sensing leader messenger RNA.between growth rate and ATP concentration in Escherichiafor available cellular ATP. J Biol Chem 2004, 279(9):8262

Mempin, Roberto; Tran, Helen; Chen, Connie; Gong, Hao; Kim Ho, Katharina; Lu, Sangwei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Real time observations of the nucleation and growth of nanowires...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Real time observations of the nucleation and growth of nanowires and nanotubes December 1, 2011 at 3pm36-428 Eric Stach Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National...

496

Graphene Layer Growth Chemistry: Five-Six-Ring Flip Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are incorporated into growing graphene layers and hence willGRAPHENE LAYER GROWTH CHEMISTRY: FIVE-SIX-RING FLIP REACTIONon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. A new reaction

Whitesides, R.; Domin, D.; Salomon-Ferrer, R.; Lester Jr., W.A.; Frenklach, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Graphene Growth by Metal Etching on Ru (0001)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of step etching during graphene growth, such as in Fig. 3,adsorption of water on graphene structures will be describedRu(0001) Figure 5. a b c graphene Ru d Figure 6. Figure 7. a

Loginova, Elena

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Hepatocyte Growth Factor and Neuregulin in Mammary Gland Cell Morphogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Organ culture and transplantation experiments in the early 1960s and 1970s have demonstrated that growth and morphogenesis of the epithelium of the mammary gland are controlled by mesenchymal-epithelial intera...

Catherin Niemann; 1; 2Volker Brinkmann; Walter Birchmeier

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Growth of Bacterium coli and Staphylococcus albus in Heavy Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... , prepared by redissolving lyophilized aqueous nutrient broth in 99-8 per cent heavy water (Norsk Hydro), was compared with their growth in aqueous medium and in medium with various ...

ELIZABETH VAN HORN; G. C. WARE

1959-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

500

Simultaneous Monitoring of Leaf Growth and Leaf Movement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leaves experience predictable 24-h (diel) fluctuations in environmental factors such as light and temperature, as well as in energy availability. Accordingly, leaf growth is among the many processes regulated by the circadian clock. Despite the importance...

Nancy R. Hofmann

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z