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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-lock braking system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...

2

Electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An antiskid braking and traction control system for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes one or more sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensors and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydrualic braking control, or requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs a control strategy based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control the operation of the electric traction motor and to a brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative antiskid braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Wide speed range for traction motor in braking force of electric braking control system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A vehicle stopping method using an electric brake until a traction motor is stopped is studied. At the moment of vehicle stop, electric brake is changed to control mode where ... is controlled by estimating the l...

Young-Choon Kim; Moon-Taek Cho

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Electric Braking Control System to Secure Braking Force in the Wide Speed Range of Traction Motor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a vehicle stopping method using an electric brake until a traction motor is stopped is studied. At the moment of vehicle stop, electric brake is changed to control mode wherein ... is controlled by...

Young-Choon Kim; Moon-Taek Cho; Ok-Hwan Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Fuzzy logic electric vehicle regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An regenerative antiskid braking and traction control system using fuzzy logic for an electric or hybrid vehicle having a regenerative braking system operatively connected to an electric traction motor, and a separate hydraulic braking system includes sensors for monitoring present vehicle parameters and a processor, responsive to the sensors, for calculating vehicle parameters defining the vehicle behavior not directly measurable by the sensor and determining if regenerative antiskid braking control, requiring hydraulic braking control, and requiring traction control are required. The processor then employs fuzzy logic based on the determined vehicle state and provides command signals to a motor controller to control operation of the electric traction motor and to the brake controller to control fluid pressure applied at each vehicle wheel to provide the appropriate regenerative braking control, hydraulic braking control, and traction control.

Cikanek, Susan R. (Wixom, MI)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Vehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force Distribution for Optimal Longitudinal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as the desired level of vehicle yaw motion, and the control system was designed to follow the yaw motion commandVehicle System Dynamics, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1996, pp.301-320. Traction/Braking Force in the past twenty years through the use of electronic devices. Four-wheel-steering (4WS) systems have been

Peng, Huei

7

Adaptive controller for regenerative and friction braking system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A regenerative and friction braking system for a vehicle having one or more roadwheels driven by an electric traction motor includes a driver responsive device for producing a brake demand signal having a magnitude corresponding to the level of braking force selected by the driver and friction and regenerative brakes operatively connected with the roadwheels of the vehicle. A system according to this invention further includes control means for operating the friction and regenerative braking subsystems so that maximum brake torques sustainable by the roadwheels of the vehicle without skidding or slipping will not be exceeded.

Davis, Roy I. (Ypsilanti, MI)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

1 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in the battery. In regenerative braking, the electric motor is reversed so that, instead of using electricity to turn the wheels, the rotating wheels turn the motor and create electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the motor slows the vehicle down. Go to next… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the electric motor to the battery.

9

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

2 2 If additional stopping power is needed, conventional friction brakes (e.g., disc brakes) are also applied automatically. Go back… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

10

Traction Drive Systems Breakout  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Traction Drive Systems Breakout John M. Miller, PhD, PE, F.IEEE, F.SAE Oak Ridge National Laboratory Facilitator July 24, 2012 EV Everywhere Grand Challenge Vehicle Technologies Program - Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors eere.energy.gov EV Everywhere Traction Drive System * DOE goals for Electric Traction Drive System (TDS) innovations must be disruptive innovation focused to meet the CY2022 price target ($20,000 $25,000) for a mid-sized 5 passenger sedan having 5 year simple payback. Enhanced Efficiency Reduced Cost Traction Drive System EETT Roadmap: "Therefore, research is needed to develop technologies that are less expensive and, at the same time, smaller, lighter, more efficient, and equally reliable as conventional automotive technologies. "

11

Hybrid: Braking  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. The battery continues to power auxillary systems, such as the air conditioning and dashboard displays. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

12

Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Stopped button highlighted subbanner graphic: gray bar STOPPED When the vehicle is stopped, such as at a red light, the gasoline engine and electric motor shut off automatically so that energy is not wasted in idling. The battery continues to power auxillary systems, such as the air conditioning and dashboard displays. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Battery: The battery stores energy generated from the gasoline engine or, during regenerative braking, from the electric motor. Since the battery helps power the vehicle, it is larger and holds much more energy than batteries used to start conventional vehicles. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

13

Traction Drive Systems Breakout Group  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

overlook profit motive in value chain * 4 - Today's HEV systems drive EV traction drive systems because of manufacturing base Barriers Interfering with Reaching the Targets * 1 -...

14

Full Hybrid: Braking  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Braking button highlighted Stopped button Braking button highlighted Stopped button BRAKING PART 1 Regenerative braking converts otherwise wasted energy from braking into electricity and stores it in the battery. In regenerative braking, the electric motor is reversed so that, instead of using electricity to turn the wheels, the rotating wheels turn the motor and create electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the motor slows the vehicle down. Go to next… stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the power split device to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is decelerating. There are arrows flowing from the front wheels to the power split device to the electric motor to the battery.

15

Svendborg Brakes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name: Svendborg Brakes Place: Denmark Sector: Wind energy Product: Denmark-based manufacturer of braking systems for the wind industry, as well as for the oil sector....

16

WIND BRAKING OF MAGNETARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore the wind braking of magnetars considering recent observations challenging the traditional magnetar model. There is evidence for strong multipole magnetic fields in active magnetars, but the dipole field inferred from spin-down measurements may be strongly biased by particle wind. Recent observations challenging the traditional model of magnetars may be explained naturally by the wind braking scenario: (1) the supernova energies of magnetars are of normal value; (2) the non-detection in Fermi observations of magnetars; (3) the problem posed by low magnetic field soft gamma-ray repeaters; (4) the relation between magnetars and high magnetic field pulsars; and (5) a decreasing period derivative during magnetar outbursts. Transient magnetars with L{sub x}<- E-dot{sub rot} may still be magnetic dipole braking. This may explain why low luminosity magnetars are more likely to have radio emissions. A strong reduction of the dipole magnetic field is possible only when the particle wind is very collimated at the star surface. A small reduction of the dipole magnetic field may result from detailed considerations of magnetar wind luminosity. In the wind braking scenario, magnetars are neutron stars with a strong multipole field. For some sources, a strong dipole field may no longer be needed. A magnetism-powered pulsar wind nebula will be one of the consequences of wind braking. For a magnetism-powered pulsar wind nebula, we should see a correlation between the nebula luminosity and the magnetar luminosity. Under the wind braking scenario, a braking index smaller than three is expected. Future braking index measurement of a magnetar may tell us whether magnetars are wind braking or magnetic dipole braking.

Tong, H. [Xinjiang Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011 (China); Xu, R. X.; Qiao, G. J. [KIAA and School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Song, L. M., E-mail: tonghao@xao.ac.cn [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

17

Chapter 9 - Brake Testing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter describes and explains the role and methods of experimental testing in the design and verification of brakes and their components. It starts by discussing the increasing capability of computer-based predictive techniques, which can simulate many aspects of brake operation and save time and cost compared with previous methods of experimental evaluation. Preparation, procedures, instrumentation, data acquisition and results analysis, interpretation and reporting for experimental testing ranging from whole vehicle braking performance on a test track to component performance and material thermophysical properties in the laboratory, are explained and discussed. By the end of the chapter the design and operation of test rigs including inertia dynamometers for full-size brakes, scale rigs for small-sample friction and wear measurement, machines for cyclic loading and material property measurement, etc. are described. The importance of careful preparation of the friction pair (bedding-in and burnishing) for brake performance testing and the evaluation of variability by repeat testing is emphasised.

Andrew Day

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Novel estimation of tyre-road friction coefficient and slip ratio using electrical parameters of traction motor for electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The estimation of the friction coefficient and the slip ratio is crucial for advanced traction control or anti-brake control of electric vehicles. In this paper, dynamic behaviours of electrical parameters of the traction motor under road change are modelled and analysed. Novel estimation only using the measurements of the armature voltage and the current is proposed. The proposed method is much quicker than traditional methods, contributing to adjust the vehicle's motion state more quickly and precisely. Further, it can eliminate the speed measuring devices of the wheel speed and the vehicle speed. Simulations verify the effectiveness.

Guoqing Xu; Kun Xu; Weimin Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C. ape09smith.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System...

20

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ape014smith2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability for PHEVs Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability...

22

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual...

23

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C. ape014smith2010o.pdf More Documents & Publications Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System...

24

Modeling of air brakes for onboard diagnostics of heavy trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

declared out of service. Worn brake pads and tires, air leaks at hoses, connections, valves and brake chambers of the airbrake system along with the significant time delay in the actuation of tractor and trailer brakes degrade the vehicle braking...

Kankanala, Penchala N

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

25

Innovative vibration measurement technology for brake development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Apart from working reliably and providing safety, the comfort features of brakes in vehicles these days have become very significant. The requirement of a noiseless brake system always poses an important chall...

Dipl.-Ing. Holger Marschner; Dr. rer. nat. Dirk Reckwerth

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Heavy Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heavy Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT for a real-time on-board brake assessment tool. Test Overview A combination tractor-trailer will be given a complete brake rebuild prior to several tests performed at fully -laden and several overweight loading

27

Posterior lip traction caused by intravitreal gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traction on the posterior edge of a large tear may be an irreparable consequence of an intraocular gas tamponade used in the first instance to treat the tear. In two of three patients treated with octofluorocyclobutane (C4F8) and perfluoromethane (CF4), redetachment of a retinal tear occurred as a result of traction on the posterior edge of the tear when, prior to the operation, the posterior edge seemed to be free of any traction. With redetachment, a membrane became visible between the anterior and posterior lips of the tear. The membrane was probably posterior hyaloid augmented by cellular proliferation. The gas bubble, which had been intended to press the retina against the pigment epithelium, probably brought the detached posterior hyaloid into contact with the retina as well, and an adhesion between the hyaloid and retina formed.

Lincoff, H.; Kreissig, I.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

6 - Engine brake performance in diesel engine system design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter provides a comprehensive theory on engine brake performance. It first discusses vehicle braking requirement and the impact on enginevehicle matching in engine brake operation, followed by a comparison between engine brakes and drivetrain retarders. It then introduces drivetrain retarders in detail including their torque and cooling characteristics. The performance characteristics of exhaust brakes and compression brakes are elaborated including their mechanisms and the interactions with valvetrain, variable valve actuation (VVA) and turbocharger. The principles of engine brake design are introduced through comprehensive simulation analysis on engine thermodynamic cycles in braking operation. A braking gas recirculation (BGR) theory is developed.

Qianfan Xin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine Frank Jepsen, Anders Søborg brake in a wind turbine. Brake torque is determined by friction coefficient and clamp force; the latter brake is one1 of the two independent brake systems in a wind turbine. As a consequence of the gearing

Yang, Zhenyu

30

PREDICTING RANGES FOR PULSARS' BRAKING INDICES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theoretical determination of braking indices of pulsars is still an open problem. In this paper we report results of a study concerning such determination based on a modification of the canonical model, which admits that pulsars are rotating magnetic dipoles, and on data from the seven pulsars with known braking indices. In order to test the modified model, we predict ranges for the braking indices of other pulsars.

Magalhaes, Nadja S.; Miranda, Thaysa A. [Federal University of Sao Paulo, DCET, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, Diadema, SP 09913-030 (Brazil); Frajuca, Carlos, E-mail: nadjasm@gmail.com [Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Sao Paulo, R. Pedro Vicente 625, Sao Paulo, SP 01109-010 (Brazil)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

31

Hybrid Braking System for Non-Drive Axles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A hybrid braking system is designed to conserve diesel fuel (or alternative fuels) by using regenerative braking, which extends hybrid technology to non-drive axles.

32

TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance This technology allows for CMV operators to have knowledge of their steer, drive, and tandem axle group weights setup is required. Current Safety/Enforcement Technologies EOBR (electronic on-board recorder) On

33

Voltage stabilization system in traction substation of urban electric transport  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The direct current-voltage stabilization system using a high-frequency link in traction substations of urban electric transport based on applying...

S. V. Shapiro; S. F. Muftiev

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Hydrogen as an energy carrier for railway traction.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The technical suitability of hydrogen for railway traction is evaluated in the research. World-wide, diesel fuel is currently the main source of energy for railways (more)

Hoffrichter, Andreas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Chapter 6 - Brake System Layout Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter brings together high-level braking system design (Chapters 3 and 4Chapter 3Chapter 4) and the design of friction brakes (Chapter 5) to complete the layout design of road vehicle braking systems. Two actuation systems are studied: hydraulic (used on passenger cars and light commercial vehicles) and pneumatic (used on heavy commercial vehicles). Other braking technologies (e.g. regenerative) and actuation systems (e.g. power hydraulic and electromechanical) are also mentioned. A four-step design procedure is presented, which includes designing the basic braking system parameters based on the vehicle configuration, specifying the brakes (size and torque capacity), designing the actuation system, and verification (legislative requirements). Examples are presented for a hydraulic system with a vacuum booster (passenger car) and a pneumatic system (articulated commercial vehicle), which illustrate the important features of achieving a good basic system configuration. In passenger cars, the importance of driver interface parameters such as pedal feel is explained, and for commercial vehicles, compatibility, load sensing, and predominance between the trailer and towing vehicle brake systems is discussed.

Andrew Day

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Contactless magnetic brake for automotive applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR... OF PHILOSOPHY May 2005 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering CONTACTLESS MAGNETIC BRAKE FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS A Dissertation by SEBASTIEN EMMANUEL GAY Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

Gay, Sebastien Emmanuel

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

37

Advanced Electric Traction System Technology Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a subcontractor to General Motors (GM), Ames Laboratory provided the technical expertise and supplied experimental materials needed to assess the technology of high energy bonded permanent magnets that are injection or compression molded for use in the Advanced Electric Traction System motor. This support was a sustained (Phase 1: 6/07 to 3/08) engineering effort that builds on the research achievements of the primary FreedomCAR project at Ames Laboratory on development of high temperature magnet alloy particulate in both flake and spherical powder forms. Ames Lab also provide guidance and direction in selection of magnet materials and supported the fabrication of experimental magnet materials for development of injection molding and magnetization processes by Arnold Magnetics, another project partner. The work with Arnold Magnetics involved a close collaboration on particulate material design and processing to achieve enhanced particulate properties and magnetic performance in the resulting bonded magnets. The overall project direction was provided by GM Program Management and two design reviews were held at GM-ATC in Torrance, CA. Ames Lab utilized current expertise in magnet powder alloy design and processing, along with on-going research advances being achieved under the existing FreedomCAR Program project to help guide and direct work during Phase 1 for the Advanced Electric Traction System Technology Development Program. The technical tasks included review of previous GM and Arnold Magnets work and identification of improvements to the benchmark magnet material, Magnequench MQP-14-12. Other benchmark characteristics of the desired magnet material include 64% volumetric loading with PPS polymer and a recommended maximum use temperature of 200C. A collaborative relationship was maintained with Arnold Magnets on the specification and processing of the bonded magnet material required by GM-ATC.

Anderson, Iver

2011-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

38

Toward single cell traction microscopy within 3D collagen matrices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanical interaction between the cell and its extracellular matrix (ECM) regulates cellular behaviors, including proliferation, differentiation, adhesion, and migration. Cells require the three-dimensional (3D) architectural support of the ECM to perform physiologically realistic functions. However, current understanding of cellECM and cellcell mechanical interactions is largely derived from 2D cell traction force microscopy, in which cells are cultured on a flat substrate. 3D cell traction microscopy is emerging for mapping traction fields of single animal cells embedded in either synthetic or natively derived fibrous gels. We discuss here the development of 3D cell traction microscopy, its current limitations, and perspectives on the future of this technology. Emphasis is placed on strategies for applying 3D cell traction microscopy to individual tumor cell migration within collagen gels. - Highlights: Review of the current state of the art in 3D cell traction force microscopy. Bulk and micro-characterization of remodelable fibrous collagen gels. Strategies for performing 3D cell traction microscopy within collagen gels.

Hall, Matthew S. [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Long, Rong [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada T6G 2G8 (Canada); Feng, Xinzeng [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Huang, YuLing [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Hui, Chung-Yuen [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Wu, Mingming, E-mail: mw272@cornell.edu [Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Honda  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Honda Honda Civic Hybrid VIN: JHMFA3F24AS005577 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Regenerative Braking Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD State of Charge Meter 1 Weights Design Curb Weight: 2877 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2982 lb Distribution F/R (%): 57/43 GVWR: 3792 lb GAWR F/R: 1973/1841 lb Payload 2 : 810 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 106.3 in Track F/R: 59.1/60.2 in Length: 177.3 in Width: 69.0 in Height: 56.3 in Ground Clearance: 6.0 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Bridgestone

40

Measuring Shear Stress in Microfluidics using Traction Force Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traction force microscopy is a previously-developed method to measure shear forces exerted by biological cells on substrates to which they are adhered (Dembo, 1999). The technique determines the shear stress a...

Bryant Mueller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The braking performance of tractor-trailer combinations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Equations are derived for the maximum decelerations which can be obtained with balanced and unbalanced trailers with and without trailer brakes. The equations are used to produce graphs showing the maximum decelerations of trailers having typical dimensions, of different weights relative to the towing tractor on surfaces of different adhesion coefficients and with different types and degrees of braking on the trailers. Results measured during braking tests on tractors and trailers are given. Unbalanced trailers are shown to have a better braking performance than balanced trailers and it is therefore, recommended that trailers should be designed to carry the maximum permissible proportion of their weight on the tractor. Both over-run and power brakes on trailers are shown to provide very useful improvements in braking performance. Power brakes are preferred because of the difficulty of fitting over-run brakes on unbalanced trailers. The tractor's external hydraulics are considered to be the most convenient source of power. On-off brakes providing a fixed braking force equal to approximately 510% of the trailer maximum gross laden weight are considered to be a useful and simple means of improving existing trailers, but the development of trailer braking systems providing a braking force proportional to the tractor brake pedal force up to a maximum of approximately 2030% of the trailer maximum gross laden weight is considered to be very desirable.

M.J. Dwyer

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Rare-Earth-Free Traction Motor: Rare Earth-Free Traction Motor for Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

REACT Project: Baldor will develop a new type of traction motor with the potential to efficiently power future generations of EVs. Unlike todays large, bulky EV motors which use expensive, imported rare-earth-based magnets, Baldors motor could be light, compact, contain no rare earth materials, and have the potential to deliver more torque at a substantially lower cost. Key innovations in this project include the use of a unique motor design, incorporation of an improved cooling system, and the development of advanced materials manufacturing techniques. These innovations could significantly reduce the cost of an electric motor.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal cracking in disc brakes Thomas J. Mackin *,1 , Steven C. Noe, K.J. Ball, B.C. Bedell, D, or hub, which is connected to the wheel and axle, and an inboard and outboard braking surface

Salvaggio, Carl

44

A diagnostic system for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation deals with the development of a model-based diagnostic system for air brake systems that are widely used in commercial vehicles, such as trucks, tractor-trailers, buses, etc. The performance of these brake systems is sensitive...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar Ram

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

45

Why Brake-By-Wire (BBW) ? Advantages of BBW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional Brake System http://www.conti-online.com #12;BBW Survey [ SKF (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [ DELPHI (Motor + PGT +Ball Screw)] [Continental Teves (Motor + PGT + Roller Screw)] [Continental Teves installed at wheel] #12;Sectional Drawing of the Electromechanically Actuated Disk Brake From ITT Brake Pads Caliper

Yao, Bin

46

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Smart  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Smart Smart Fortwo MHD VIN: WME4513341K406476 Seatbelt Positions: 2 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Drum Brakes Rear Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD player Weights Design Curb Weight:1,818 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 1.742 lb Distribution F/R (%):44/56 GVWR: 2,244 lb GAWR F/R: 968/1,452 lb Payload 1 : 426 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 73.5 in Track F/R: 50.5/54.5 in Length: 106.1 in Width: 61.4 in Height: 60.7 in Ground Clearance: 6.25 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Continental Model: ContiproContact Size: Front -P155/60/R15

47

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mazda 3 Mazda 3 VIN: JMZBLA4G601111865 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD Weights Design Curb Weight: 2,954 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2,850 lb Distribution F/R (%): 63/37 GVWR: 4,050 lb GAWR F/R: 2,057/1,896 lb Payload 1 : 1,096 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 103.9 in Track F/R: 60.4/59.8 in Length: 175.6 in Width: 69.1 in Height: 57.9 in Ground Clearance: 6.1 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Yokohama Model: YK520 Size: P205/55R17 Pressure F/R: 35/33 psi

48

Design of H Bridge Cascaded Filter and Bidirectional Converter for Railway Traction System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To develop a practical and efficient electronic device for compensating the negative, reactive and harmonic current in the railway traction system, the paper analyses the structure of the present railway traction...

Tian Mingxing; Zhao Qingchun; Yang Jianfeng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Airborne wear particles railway research group FEM Simulation of train disc brake behavior a modern train disc brake with brake caliper and high speed pads. During braking, a considerable amount. A model of train brake caliper Aim The overall aim of the MSc degree project is to develop a thermoelastic

Haviland, David

50

Development of Diagnostic Algorithms for Air Brakes in Trucks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for di erent clearances and supply pressures : : : 6 4 Modes of operation of the air brake system [19] : : : : : : : : : : : : 11 5 A simpli ed layout of air brake system for a tractor : : : : : : : : : : 15 6 S-cam foundation brake..., causing it to rotate the slack adjuster. The slack adjuster, in turn, rotates 15 Fig. 5. A simpli ed layout of air brake system for a tractor the S-cam as it is connected to the S-cam through a splined shaft. The rotational mo- tion of the S-cam pushes...

Dhar, Sandeep

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

51

Measurement and control of brake pedal feel quality in automobile manufacturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Customer perception of brake pedal feel quality, as related to the perception of the brake pedal feeling soft or mushy, depends on both the customer's subjective judgment of quality and the actual build quality of the brake ...

Cerilles, Jeffrey T. (Jeffrey Thomas)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

E-Print Network 3.0 - air brakes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brakes to predominantly air disc brakes. Compare and contrast the impact of such conversions in Europe... Energy Efficiency in Heavy Vehicle Tires, Drivetrains, and ......

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - antilock brake systems Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to actuate... the foundation brakes mounted...

54

A pressure control scheme for air brakes in commercial vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This research is focused on developing a control scheme for regulating the pressure in the brake chamber of an air brake system found in most commercial vehicles like trucks, tractor-trailers and buses. Such a control scheme can be used...

Bowlin, Christopher Leland

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

55

Many applications require brakes, for instance to decelerate or to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surfaces in order to generate the braking torque. Typically, actuators Statically balancing A team of TU an error occurs in the process of a robotic arm. The energy consumption and actuation force of these brakes is very high. A team of TU Delft scientists developed a method to reduce the energy consumption

56

Lithium Economy: Will It Get the Electric Traction?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lithium Economy: Will It Get the Electric Traction? ... In the battle for alternative fuels for a decarbonized transportation sector, electricity has a definite edge. ... However, at the large scales of extraction required for transforming the automobile scene, the production facilities could pose severe challenges to the environment in terms of water table and fresh water supplies as well as the fallout of the extraction on the flora and fauna in the neighborhood. ...

A. K. Shukla; T. Prem Kumar

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

57

A frequency domain model for 3 kV dc traction dc-side resonance identification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Frequency-dependent effects in railway traction power systems arise from the impedance of substation and locomotive line filters and the traction line. Harmonic noise from traction drives and substations can excite resonances and produce overcurrent or overvoltage conditions at critical points in the network. In this paper, the harmonic feeding impedances of a 3 kV DC traction system seen from the rectifier substation, locomotive drive converter and pantograph terminals are presented. Several substation and locomotive filters are considered with a frequency-dependent traction line. Resonances attributed to the substation filter, locomotive filter and traction line are separate and distinct, the line introducing poles and zeros in the audio frequency (AF) range which vary in frequency and magnitude with locomotive position.

Hill, R.J. [Univ. of Bath (United Kingdom). School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering] [Univ. of Bath (United Kingdom). School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering; Fracchia, M.; Pozzobon, P.; Sciutto, G. [Univ. degli Studi di Genova (Italy). Dipt. di Ingegneria Elettrica] [Univ. degli Studi di Genova (Italy). Dipt. di Ingegneria Elettrica

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

E-Print Network 3.0 - asynchronous traction engines Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. Traction aids can also increase machine stability, improve flotation and protect tyres (Figure 1 Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection:...

59

E-Print Network 3.0 - ac traction drives Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. Traction aids can also increase machine stability, improve flotation and protect tyres (Figure 1 Source: Forest Research Agency of the UK Forestry Commission Collection:...

60

Investigation of aerodynamic braking devices for wind turbine applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the selection and preliminary design of a new aerodynamic braking system for use on the stall-regulated AWT-26/27 wind turbines. The goal was to identify and design a configuration that offered improvements over the existing tip brake used by Advanced Wind Turbines, Inc. (AWT). Although the design objectives and approach of this report are specific to aerodynamic braking of AWT-26/27 turbines, many of the issues addressed in this work are applicable to a wider class of turbines. The performance trends and design choices presented in this report should be of general use to wind turbine designers who are considering alternative aerodynamic braking methods. A literature search was combined with preliminary work on device sizing, loads and mechanical design. Candidate configurations were assessed on their potential for benefits in the areas of cost, weight, aerodynamic noise, reliability and performance under icing conditions. As a result, two configurations were identified for further study: the {open_quotes}spoiler-flap{close_quotes} and the {open_quotes}flip-tip.{close_quotes} Wind tunnel experiments were conducted at Wichita State University to evaluate the performance of the candidate aerodynamic brakes on an airfoil section representative of the AWT-26/27 blades. The wind tunnel data were used to predict the braking effectiveness and deployment characteristics of the candidate devices for a wide range of design parameters. The evaluation was iterative, with mechanical design and structural analysis being conducted in parallel with the braking performance studies. The preliminary estimate of the spoiler-flap system cost was $150 less than the production AWT-26/27 tip vanes. This represents a reduction of approximately 5 % in the cost of the aerodynamic braking system. In view of the preliminary nature of the design, it would be prudent to plan for contingencies in both cost and weight.

Griffin, D.A. [R. Lynette & Associates, Seattle, WA (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A Power Presizing Methodology for Electric Vehicle Traction Motors Bekheira Tabbache1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Power Presizing Methodology for Electric Vehicle Traction Motors Bekheira Tabbache1,2 , Sofiane for presizing the power of an electric vehicle traction motor. Based on the vehicle desired performances motor, power presizing, driving cycle. Nomenclature EV = Electric Vehicle; V = Vehicle speed; Vb

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

62

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles Solutions on an original electric drive [1]-[3] dedicated to the vehicle traction and configurable as a battery charger concerning the electrical machine control. This paper deals with the control of this drive [1], focusing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

63

Exploring the Effect of Inter-Stop Transport Distances on Traction Energy Cost Intensities of Freight Trains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With a computer-aided simulation approach, this research analyzes the change of the traction energy cost intensity of a typically formed Chinese freight ... than 20.00km to decrease the traction energy cost per ...

Xuesong Feng; Haidong Liu; Keqi Wu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Modeling the pneumatic relay valve of an s-cam air brake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistics indicate that defects in brake system contribute significantly to fatal crashes involving commercial vehicles. Hence there is a need for developing preventive and active safety measures for assessing the performance of an air brake system...

Vilayannur Natarajan, Shankar

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

65

Evaluation of driver braking performance to an unexpected object in the roadway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

components, specifically whether the equation accurately reflects driver and vehicle behaviors during a braking maneuver. This research evaluated the two components of the SSD equation. Four field studies were conducted that evaluated driver braking...

Picha, Dale Louis

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

66

E-Print Network 3.0 - air brake association Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

... Source: Southwest Region University Transportation Center Collection: Engineering ; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Commercial Motor Vehicle Brake Assessment...

67

Study on integrated automation system of traction substation for express railway lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structure and function of integrated automation system of traction substation for express electric railway lines developed by our university are discussed in this paper. The paper mainly describes the function installation of monitoring and communication ...

Gao Shibin; Chen Xiaochuan; Wang Qian; Wang Ren; Chen Weirong; Xiong Liebin

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Fault diagnosis of electric railway traction substation with model-based relation guiding algorithm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Most diagnosis systems used in electric railway traction substation are expert systems based on experience, which cannot diagnose faults beyond experience and are very difficult for transplantation and maintenance. In this paper, the model-based diagnosis (MBD) with integration reasoning is firstly used for fault diagnosis of electric railway traction substation. Aiming at the structural characteristics and actual demands of traction substation, we propose a detailed application plan. Rules for element and system models are established. In addition, we propose a relation guiding algorithm (RGA) for searching candidates of minimal conflict set, in which the hidden messages of analytical redundancy relations can be made full use of and the searching space is reduced further. Taking the autotransformer (AT) traction substation in HefeiNanjing Passenger Link of China Railway as an example, we construct models for different device objects, and give the descriptions of system model in traction substation. Based on a sequence of fault observations, the fault diagnosis is tested with the proposed plan. The diagnosis result shows that the application plan with MBD and integration reasoning is feasible and effective for traction substation.

Zhigang Liu; Zhiwei Han

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Modular PM Motor Drives for Automotive Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents modular permanent magnet (PM) motor drives for automotive traction applications. A partially modularized drive system consisting of a single PM motor and multiple inverters is described. The motor has multiple three-phase stator winding sets and each winding set is driven with a separate three-phase inverter module. A truly modularized inverter and motor configuration based on an axial-gap PM motor is then introduced, in which identical PM motor modules are mounted on a common shaft and each motor module is powered by a separate inverter module. The advantages of the modular approach for both inverter and motor include: (1) power rating scalability--one design meets different power requirements by simply stacking an adequate number of modules, thus avoiding redesigning and reducing the development cost, (2) increased fault tolerance, and (3) easy repairing. A prototype was constructed by using two inverters and an axial-gap PM motor with two sets of three-phase stat or windings, and it is used to assist the diesel engine in a hybrid electric vehicle converted from a Chevrolet Suburban. The effect of different pulse-width-modulation strategies for both motoring and regenerative modes on current control is analyzed. Torque and regenerative control algorithms are implemented with a digital signal processor. Analytical and initial testing results are included in the paper.

Su, G.J.

2001-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

70

Switched reluctance motor based electromechanical brake-by-wire system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents an overview of electronic braking systems using SR (Switched Reluctance) machines. The advantages presented by this structure when compared to the conventional hydraulic systems are discussed. A justification for the choice of the SRM as a valid candidate is provided, with a detailed analysis of its control structure and performance. Experimental results obtained using a digital signal processor are also presented.

S. Underwood; A. Khalil; I. Husain; H. Klode; B. Lequesne; S. Gopalakrishnan; A. Omekanda

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A mathematical model for air brake systems in the presence of leaks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

model for an air brake system in the presence of leaks. Brake systems in trucks are crucial for ensuring the safety of vehicles and passengers on the roadways. Most trucks in the US are equipped with S-cam drum brake systems and they are sensitive.... Overview Air brake systems are used in heavy commercial vehicles like buses, straight trucks and combination vehicles such as tractor-trailers[1]. More than 85% of the commer- cial vehicles in the US are equipped with S-cam drum brakes[2]. Proper...

Ramaratham, Srivatsan

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

72

Comparison of the environmental performance of light mechanization and animal traction using a modular LCA approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Animal traction has supported humans in most field operations since the origin of agriculture. With the introduction of mechanization, humans gained access to much more work power at similar management costs and were able to significantly increase the productivity and time efficiency of field operations. This achievement completely changed food production systems for all populations able to access such technology. Nowadays, animal traction is mainly used in the developing countries, in specific contexts such as mountainous areas due to the difficulties in using tractors, and within farm tourism in the developed countries. Although the consumption of non-renewable resources is clearly higher in crop production systems that use mechanized traction, tractor traction may involve low consumption of fuel relative to that needed for feed production for equivalent draught animals. Mechanical traction can also facilitate precision agriculture, which uses less fuel, while animals, as living systems, consume resources even when they are not working. This study compared the environmental performance of animal traction with that of machine traction in two scenarios: (I) A forest harvesting system, using as the functional unit the logging operations needed to obtain 50t market-ready wood and (II) a seedbed preparation system, using as the functional unit the management of 1000m2 of prepared seedbed. Use of animal traction for these two systems was evaluated on the La Masca farm in Roccaverano, Asti, Northern Italy, while use of machine traction was evaluated using field data on two-wheel tractors performing the operations in similar production systems, converted to the specific functional unit. Owing to the differing properties of mechanical and living systems, it was difficult to establish a reliable standard LCA model of the forestry and food production system. In particular, it proved necessary to include the whole life cycle impacts from tractors and animals. Therefore, we applied a modular LCA approach in which all mechanical implements and animals were accounted as independent modules, a complete life cycle impact assessment phase was performed and results were related to the contribution of the module in the main workflow of the scenario. The final results showed better environmental performance of animal traction both per unit weight of market-ready wood and per unit surface area of prepared seedbed.

Alessandro K. Cerutti; Angela Calvo; Sander Bruun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Five-Leg Inverter for Driving a Traction Motor and a Compressor Motor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an integrated inverter for speed control of a traction motor and a compressor motor to reduce the compressor drive cost in EV/HEV applications. The inverter comprises five phase-legs; three of which are for control of a three-phase traction motor and the remaining two for a two-phase compressor motor with three terminals. The common terminal of the two-phase motor is tied to the neutral point of the three-phase traction motor to eliminate the requirement of a third phase leg. Further cost savings are made possible by sharing the switching devices, dc bus filter capacitors, gate drive power supplies, and control circuit. Simulation and experimental results are included to verify that speed control of the two motors is independent from each other.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Hsu, John S [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Development of traction control for front-wheel drive in-wheel motor electric vehicles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel traction control for a front-wheel drive in-wheel motor electric vehicle. The presented vehicle has advantages on high fuel efficiency and cost effectiveness. In order to achieve specific control performance, this study employed a high speed microcontroller as the vehicle's electronic control unit. The anti-skid function based on a reliable traction control kernel is embedded in the system, which can guarantee the steering safety in a slippery and dangerous situation. This study verifies that the traction control based on maximum torque regulation cannot only constrain the slip to improve the longitudinal friction force and lateral friction force, but also provide some information on tyre-road conditions, which can ensure the performance and the effectiveness of two-dimensional motion control. The numerical simulation and demonstration video reveal its effectiveness and feasibility.

Jia-Sheng Hu; Ying-Ruei Huang; Feng-Rung Hu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic braking Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for an Urban Electric Vehicle Summary: , Automatic Braking, Electric Vehicles, Personal Rapid Transit, Public Transit, Advanced Vehicle Control... the design modification,...

76

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive brake materials Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

such as trucks, tractor... -trailers and buses. In these brake systems, compressed air is used as the energy transmitting medium to ... Source: Southwest Region University...

77

Low cost, compact, and high efficiency traction motor for electric and hybrid electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new motor drive, the switched reluctance motor drive, has been developed for hybrid-electric vehicles. The motor drive has been designed, built and tested in the test bed at a near vehicle scale. It has been shown that the switched reluctance motor drive is more suitable for traction application than any other motor drive.

Ehsani, Mark

2002-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

78

SDTC Neural Network Traction Control of an Electric Vehicle without Differential Gears  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, using two electric in-wheel motors give the possibility to have a torque and speed control in each wheel on the 2?4 electrical vehicles, with independent driving in-wheel motor at the front and with classicalSDTC Neural Network Traction Control of an Electric Vehicle without Differential Gears A. Haddoun1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

79

A New Aerodynamic Traction Principle for Handling Products on an Air Cushion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A New Aerodynamic Traction Principle for Handling Products on an Air Cushion Guillaume J. Laurent. The product is carried on a thin air cushion and transported along the system by induced air flows principle for handling delicate and clean products, such as silicon wafers, glass sheets or flat foodstuff

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

80

Co-Simulation of an Electric Traction Drive Christoph Schulte and Joachim Bocker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Co-Simulation of an Electric Traction Drive Christoph Schulte and Joachim B¨ocker Abstract--For the simulation of electrical drives, reduced- order models or simple look-up tables are often used in order) for an electric drive, where the control structure, power electronics and motor are modeled in different environ

Paderborn, Universität

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

A Library of SIMULINK Blocks for Real-Time Control of HEV Traction John Chiasson1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

algorithms for the various types of motor drives considered for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs algorithms for the various types of motor drives considered for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs02FCC-30 A Library of SIMULINK Blocks for Real-Time Control of HEV Traction Drives John Chiasson1

Tolbert, Leon M.

82

INTRODUCTION The main reasons for fitting traction aids to forest machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The main reasons for fitting traction aids to forest machines are to increase the grip between machine wheels and the ground surface and to spread load weight. The area of the wheel in contact than wheels alone the footprint size increases and ground pressure exerted by the machine is reduced

83

EV3 : Traction drives and generators A: Electric machine design and optimization 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EV3 : Traction drives and generators A: Electric machine design and optimization 1 Influence Electrical Machine Type B. Aslan1 , J. Korecki1 , T. Vigier1 , E. Semail1 bassel.aslan@yahoo.com, korecki according to the electrical angle e (angle between current and back-EMF vector), for different values

Boyer, Edmond

84

A micropatterning and image processing approach to simplify measurement of cellular traction forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of traction force microscopy on polyacrylamide (PAA) gels that addresses limitations of existing technologies. Through an indirect pat- terning technique, we generated PAA gels with fluorescent 1 lm dot markers (PAA) hydrogels are popular substrates for this purpose, although PAA substrates first have

85

Laboratory testing of Saft SEH-5-200 6 volt traction battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to describe the testing performed on the Saft SEH-5-200 flooded nickel cadmium traction battery by the INEL Electric Vehicle Battery Laboratory, to present the results and conclusions of this testing, and to make appropriate recommendations. 17 figs., 3 tabs.

Hardin, J.E.

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Modeling the pneumatic subsystem of a S-cam air brake system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The air brake system is one of the critical components in ensuring the safe operation of any commercial vehicle. This work is directed towards the development of a fault-free model of the pneumatic subsystem of the air brake system. This model can...

Coimbatore Subramanian, Shankar

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

87

Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicle yaw control via coordinated use of steering/braking systems M. Doumiati, O. Sename, J. Martinez, L. Dugard P. Gaspar, Z. Szabo, J. Bokor Gipsa-Lab UMR CNRS 5216, Control Systems Department with steer- ing/braking coordination task for vehicle yaw control. For steerability enhancement, only active

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

88

Integrated vehicle dynamics control via coordination of active front steering and rear braking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

front steering and rear braking in a driver- assist system for vehicle yaw control. The proposed control system aims at stabilizing the vehicle while achieving a desired yaw rate. During normal driving braking could be used for yaw rate control. An active suspension system, by controlling the wheel load

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Fault tolerant control of automatically controlled vehicles in response to brake system failures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the brake system is vital. In this thesis, nonlinear failure detection filters are used for fault detection of sensors and actuators in a class of nonlinear systems. In this thesis, the effects of brake system failures in an AHS where the vehicle steering...

Hsien, Li-Wei

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

90

Plant and Environment Interactions Arsenic Accumulation in the Hyperaccumulator Chinese Brake and Its Utilization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a greenhouse. At recently, however, has Chinese brake (Pteris vittata L.)harvest, the Chinese brake produced soils (0.47­7.56 mg As kg 1 ),concentration to water-soluble arsenic in soil) of 1450 and a transloca to remediate arsenic contaminated soils. schullat, 2000), soil arsenic concentration (Jiang and Singh, 1994

Ma, Lena

91

Microsoft PowerPoint - Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment poster.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynamic Brake Assessment Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the feasibility of developing an on-board system to assess a vehicle's ability to stop based on typical low-pressure in-service braking events. Partnerships H.T. Hackney Company MGM Brakes Overview Funded through the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming from on the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle research as well as previous research conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real-time brake application pressure Vehicle speed and acceleration GPS location and grade information Vehicle weight (current load) Engine parameters such as RPM and torque To be conducted October 2010 -

92

Wind turbine trailing-edge aerodynamic brake design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the design of a centrifugally actuated aerodynamic-overspeed device for a horizontal-axis wind turbine. The device will meet the following criteria; (1) It will be effective for airfoil angles of attack 0{degrees} to 45{degrees}. (2) It will be stowed inside the blade profile prior to deployment. (3) It will be capable of offsetting the positive torque produced by the overall blade. (4) Hinge moments will be minimized to lower actuator loads and cost. (5) It will be evaluated as a potential power modulating active rotor-control system. A literature review of aerodynamic braking devices was conducted. Information from the literature review was used to conceptualize the most effective devices for subsequent testing and design. Wind-tunnel test data for several braking devices are presented in this report. Using the data for the most promising configuration, a preliminary design was developed for a MICON 65/13 wind turbine with Phoenix 7.9-m rotor blades.

Quandt, G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Traction Drive System for Electric Vehicles, Using Multilevel Converters Juan W. Dixon, Micah Ortzar and Felipe Ros  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traction Drive System for Electric Vehicles, Using Multilevel Converters Juan W. Dixon, Micah converters for electric vehicles using multilevel inverters. They are being compared with inverters using. Introduction Power Electronics technologies contribute with important part in the development of electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

94

ECE 438 Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Catalog Description: History of electric traction. Introduction to electric and hybrid-electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECE 438 ­ Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Catalog Description: History of electric traction. Introduction to electric and hybrid-electric vehicle configurations. Vehicle mechanics. Energy sources and storage. Range prediction. Motor for HEVs. Electric drive components. Vehicle transmission system. Credits

95

Roles of 3D traction forces in migration and focal adhesion dynamics of bovine aortic endothelial cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BY BAEC. 51 FIG. 3-21. 3D DISPLACEMENT FIELD BY BAECPAXILLIN 52 xii FIG. 3-22. 3D TRACTION FORCE FIELD BY BAEC61 FIG. 3-31. 3D DISPLACEMENT FIELD OF GFP-FAK TRANSFECTED

Hur, Sung-Sik

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Effect of Nanoclay Reinforcement on the Friction Braking Performance of Hybrid Phenolic Friction Composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Friction composite formulation consisting of decreasing nanoclay/lapinus fibres content, increasing graphite/aramid fibres ... is adopted for evaluating braking performance. The nanoclay content (?2.25wt.%) enha...

Tej Singh; Amar Patnaik

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Achieving Consistent Maximum Brake Torque with Varied Injection Timing in a DI Diesel Engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the characteristics of combustion for swept injection timings along the maximum brake torque plateau are determined. The research is conducted by varying injection timing at constant engine speed and load while measuring engine emissions and in-cylinder pressure...

Kroeger, Timothy H

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

98

Electric Traction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is followed in the part devoted to railways, with the addition of a chapter on substations. Then follows a chapter on cost of tramway work, which, being taken from ... ton-mile, it does not necessarily mean low running cost, because the cost of substations and feeders increases considerably wilh I he acceleration provided for. All these matters are ...

GISBERT KAPP

1907-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

99

Low frequency vibrations in disc brakes at high car speed. Part II: mathematical model and simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present paper, a mathematical model is constructed for judder in disc brakes at high speed. Vehicle suspension is modelled by means of finite elements. Vibration modes and frequencies are derived that can be used in the classification of modes in main and secondary based in the relative disc-calliper displacement; the finite element model is also used as well as in forced-response analysis. Brake pads are defined through the friction coefficient as a function of speed, pressure, and temperature, in light of which one may consider the various braking conditions and types of pad. Since the line of reasoning introduces equivalent-damping terms into the equations of dynamics, these equations cannot be uncoupled by means of modal transformation. Two techniques are proposed for the solution of the problem. One of these consists in an examination of the 'main-modes', while the other is based on direct integration of the quasi-uncoupled equations. A computer program has been implemented which allows the simulation of this kind of judder with different pads, brake systems and braking conditions.

R. Aviles; G. Hennequet; E. Amezua; J. Vallejo

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Compliant mechanism road bicycle brake: a rigid-body replacement case study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of high-performance bicycle brakes is complicated by the competing design objectives of increased performance and low weight. But this challenge also provides a good case study to demonstrate the design of compliant mechanisms to replace current rigid-link mechanisms. This paper briefly reviews current road brake designs, demonstrates the use of rigid-body replacement synthesis to design a compliant mechanism, and illustrates the combination of compliant mechanism design tools. The resulting concept was generated from the modified dual-pivot brake design and is a partially compliant mechanism where one pin has the dual role of a joint and a mounting pin. The pseudo-rigid-body model, finite element analysis, and optimization algorithms are used to generate design dimensions, and designs are considered for both titanium and E-glass flexures. The resulting design has the potential of reducing the part count and overall weight while maintaining a performance similar to the benchmark.

Olsen, Brian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Howell, Larry L [NON LANL; Magleby, Spencer P [NON LANL

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

3736 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 59, NO. 8, OCTOBER 2010 Asymmetrical Multilevel Inverter for Traction Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this "one-source" multilevel system. Index Terms--AC motor drives, electric vehicles (EVs), hybrid EVs (HEVs Multilevel Inverter for Traction Drives Using Only One DC Supply Juan Dixon, Senior Member, IEEE, Javier of isolated and floating dc supplies, which makes these converters complicated to implement in electric

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

102

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies office has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The DOE FreedomCAR program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and hopefully lead to a near-term request for proposals (RFP) for a to-be-determined level of initial production. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This report summarizes the results of these activities as of September 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched-reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a high power density.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

103

PM Motor Parametric Design Analyses for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Application: Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR (Cooperative Automotive Research) and Vehicle Technologies has a strong interest in making rapid progress in permanent magnet (PM) machine development. The program is directing various technology development projects that will advance the technology and lead to request for proposals (RFP) for manufacturer prototypes. This aggressive approach is possible because the technology is clearly within reach and the approach is deemed essential, based on strong market demand, escalating fuel prices, and competitive considerations. In response, this study began parallel development paths that included a literature search/review, development and utilization of multiple parametric models to determine the effects of design parameters, verification of the modeling methodology, development of an interior PM (IPM) machine baseline design, development of alternative machine baseline designs, and cost analyses for several candidate machines. This interim progress report summarizes the results of these activities as of June 2004. This report provides background and summary information for recent machine parametric studies and testing programs that demonstrate both the potential capabilities and technical limitations of brushless PM machines (axial gap and radial gap), the IPM machine, the surface-mount PM machines (interior or exterior rotor), induction machines, and switched reluctance machines. The FreedomCAR program, while acknowledging the progress made by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Delphi, Delco-Remy International, and others in these programs, has redirected efforts toward a ''short path'' to a marketable and competitive PM motor for hybrid electric vehicle traction applications. The program has developed a set of performance targets for the type of traction machine desired. The short-path approach entails a comprehensive design effort focusing on the IPM machine and meeting the performance targets. The selection of the IPM machine reflects industry's confidence in this market-proven design that exhibits a power density surpassed by no other machine design.

Staunton, R.H.

2004-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

104

Genetic programming approach to predict torque and brake specific fuel consumption of a gasoline engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents genetic programming (GP) based model to predict the torque and brake specific fuel consumption a gasoline engine in terms of spark advance, throttle position and engine speed. The objective of this study is to develop an alternative robust formulations based on experimental data and to verify the use of GP for generating the formulations for gasoline engine torque and brake specific fuel consumption. Experimental studies were completed to obtain training and testing data. Of all 81 data sets, the training and testing sets consisted of randomly selected 63 and 18 sets, respectively. Considerable good performance was achieved in predicting gasoline engine torque and brake specific fuel consumption by using GP. The performance of accuracies of proposed GP models are quite satisfactory (R2=0.9878 for gasoline engine torque and R2=0.9744 for gasoline engine brake specific fuel consumption). The prediction of proposed GP models were compared to those of the neural network modeling, and strictly good agreement was observed between the two predictions. The proposed GP formulation is quite accurate, fast and practical.

Necla Togun; Sedat Baysec

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Conduct a proof-of-concept  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment Purpose Conduct a proof-of-concept test to examine the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's Vehicle and Roadside Operations Division Concept stemming conducted for the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration. Signals to be collected Real

106

Mechanically versus electro-magnetically braked cycle ergometer: performance and energy cost of the Wingate Anaerobic Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance and metabolic profiles of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) were compared between a mechanically resisted (ME) and an electro-magnetically braked (EE) cycle ergometer. Fifteen healthy subjects (24....

D. Micklewright; A. Alkhatib; R. Beneke

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Effets de l'hydrogene sur les caracteristiques de rupture par traction d'aciers inoxydables  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rsum On tudie les effets de l'hydrogne sur des aciers inoxydables, qui sont des matriaux de gainage possibles pour des racteurs utilisant l'hydrogne comme gaz de refroidissement. On montre que la charge apparente de rupture la traction n'est plus que 80 % de sa valeur initiale lorsque la teneur en hydrogne atteint 50 cc TPN/100 g, et que la striction passe dans ces conditions de 80 % 55 %. L'examen microfractographique qui a t effectu avec succs par une technique de double rplique malgr la petitesse des chantillons (? 0,3 mm environ), rvle que tout en gardant un caractre ductile, l'aspect des surfaces de rupture volue notablement avec la teneur en hydrogne. This paper deals with the effects of hydrogen on stainless steel, which is a possible canning material in hydrogen-cooled reactors. Apparent ultimate tensile strength is only 80 % of the initial value for a hydrogen content of about 50 cc NTP/100 g and reduction in area decreases from 80 % to 55 %. A special two-stage replica technique has been developed which allows fracture surfaces of small tensile specimens (about 0.3 mm dia.) to be examined by electron microscopy. All the specimens showed evidence of ductile character throughout the range of hydrogen contents investigated, but the aspect of the fracture surface gradually changes with increasing hydrogen content.

R. Blanchard; J. Pelissier; M. Pluchery

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The effectiveness of using the calculated braking current for longitudinal differential protection of 110 - 750 kV shunt reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of the function of effective current braking of the longitudinal differential protection of shunt reactors to offset current surges, which enables the sensitivity of differential protection to be increased when there are short circuits with low damage currents, is considered. It is shown that the use of the calculated braking characteristic enables the reliability of offset protection from transients to be increased when the reactor is connected, which is accompanied by the flow of asymmetric currents containing an aperiodic component.

Vdovin, S. A. [JSC 'E and E' (Russian Federation); Shalimov, A. S. [LLC Selekt Co. (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

Nonlinear analysis of time series of vibration data from a friction brake: SSA, PCA, and MFDFA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use the methodology of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and multi-fractal detrended fluctuation analysis (MFDFA), for investigating characteristics of vibration time series data from a friction brake. SSA and PCA are used to study the long time-scale characteristics of the time series. MFDFA is applied for investigating all time scales up to the smallest recorded one. It turns out that the majority of the long time-scale dynamics, that is presumably dominated by the structural dynamics of the brake system, is dominated by very few active dimensions only and can well be understood in terms of low dimensional chaotic attractors. The multi-fractal analysis shows that the fast dynamical processes originating in the friction interface are in turn truly multi-scale in nature.

Nikolay K. Vitanov; Norbert P. Hoffmann; Boris Wernitz

2014-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

110

DOES MAGNETIC-FIELD-ROTATION MISALIGNMENT SOLVE THE MAGNETIC BRAKING CATASTROPHE IN PROTOSTELLAR DISK FORMATION?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stars form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. In the simplest case of a laminar (non-turbulent) core with the magnetic field aligned with the rotation axis, both analytic considerations and numerical simulations have shown that the formation of a large, 10{sup 2} AU scale, rotationally supported protostellar disk is suppressed by magnetic braking in the ideal MHD limit for a realistic level of core magnetization. This theoretical difficulty in forming protostellar disks is termed the ''magnetic braking catastrophe''. A possible resolution to this problem, proposed by Hennebelle and Ciardi and Joos et al., is that misalignment between the magnetic field and rotation axis may weaken the magnetic braking enough to enable disk formation. We evaluate this possibility quantitatively through numerical simulations. We confirm the basic result of Joos et al. that the misalignment is indeed conducive to disk formation. In relatively weakly magnetized cores with dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}> 4, it enabled the formation of rotationally supported disks that would otherwise be suppressed if the magnetic field and rotation axis are aligned. For more strongly magnetized cores, disk formation remains suppressed, however, even for the maximum tilt angle of 90 Degree-Sign . If dense cores are as strongly magnetized as indicated by OH Zeeman observations (with a mean dimensionless mass-to-flux ratio {approx}2), it would be difficult for the misalignment alone to enable disk formation in the majority of them. We conclude that, while beneficial to disk formation, especially for the relatively weak field case, misalignment does not completely solve the problem of catastrophic magnetic braking in general.

Li Zhiyun [Astronomy Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States); Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien [Academia Sinica, Theoretical Institute for Advanced Research in Astrophysics, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

THE BRAKING INDEX OF PSR J1734-3333 AND THE MAGNETAR POPULATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PSR J1734-3333 is a radio pulsar rotating with a period P = 1.17 s and slowing down with a period derivative P-dot =2.28x10{sup -12}, the third largest among rotation-powered pulsars. These properties are midway between those of normal rotation-powered pulsars and magnetars, two populations of neutron stars that are notably different in their emission properties. Here we report on the measurement of the second period derivative of the rotation of PSR J1734-3333 and calculate a braking index n = 0.9 {+-} 0.2. This value is well below 3, the value expected for an electromagnetic braking due to a constant magnetic dipole, and indicates that this pulsar may soon have the rotational properties of a magnetar. While there are several mechanisms that could lead to such a low braking index, we discuss this observation, together with the properties exhibited by some other high- P-dot rotation-powered pulsars, and interpret it as evidence of a possible evolutionary route for magnetars through a radio-pulsar phase, supporting a unified description of the two classes of the object.

Espinoza, C. M.; Lyne, A. G. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Kramer, M. [MPI fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Manchester, R. N. [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Kaspi, V. M., E-mail: cme@jb.man.ac.uk [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Traction Drive Inverter Cooling with Submerged Liquid Jet Impingement on Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jet impingement is one means to improve thermal management for power electronics in electric-drive traction vehicles. Jet impingement on microfin-enhanced surfaces further augments heat transfer and thermal performance. A channel flow heat exchanger from a commercial inverter was characterized as a baseline system for comparison with two new prototype designs using liquid jet impingement on plain and microfinned enhanced surfaces. The submerged jets can target areas with the highest heat flux to provide local cooling, such as areas under insulated-gate bipolar transistors and diode devices. Low power experiments, where four diodes were powered, dissipated 105 W of heat and were used to validate computational fluid dynamics modeling of the baseline and prototype designs. Experiments and modeling used typical automotive flow rates using water-ethylene glycol as a coolant (50%-50% by volume). The computational fluid dynamics model was used to predict full inverter power heat dissipation. The channel flow and jet impingement configurations were tested at full inverter power of 40 to 100 kW (output power) on a dynamometer, translating to an approximate heat dissipation of 1 to 2 kW. With jet impingement, the cold plate material is not critical for the thermal pathway. A high-temperature plastic was used that could eventually be injection molded or formed, with the jets formed from a basic aluminum plate with orifices acting as nozzles. Long-term reliability of the jet nozzles and impingement on enhanced surfaces was examined. For jet impingement on microfinned surfaces, thermal performance increased 17%. Along with a weight reduction of approximately 3 kg, the specific power (kW/kg) increased by 36%, with an increase in power density (kW/L) of 12% compared with the baseline channel flow configuration.

Waye, S.; Narumanchi, S.; Moreno, G.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Design Principles of a flywheel Regenerative Braking System (f-RBS) for Formula SAE type racecar and system testing on a Virtual Test Rig modeled on MSC ADAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

momentum in the industry [4]. These vehicles (BEVs and HEVS) use electric motor/generator pairs to propel themselves and to recapture braking energy (electric RBS) and the power source is the battery. The regenerative braking system uses a generator..., aerodynamic and road losses. 4. Improvised Transmission design to reduce losses. 5. Hybrid and Alternative Energy Propulsion systems e.g. the Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV), the Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV). 6. Recycling Braking energy Storage and reuse...

Pochiraju, Anirudh

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

114

Personal equipment for low seam coal miners. 8. Improved traction rubber boot soles. Report for 1978-82  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on laboratory and preliminary field tests of off-the-shelf steel-toed rubber boots, a molded sole design was developed to provide increased traction over conventional calendared sole miners boots. The pattern provided sharp edges perpendicular to both lateral and fore-aft slip vectors. The sole was designed to reduce mud caking. An instep lace-up capability was added to better secure the foot inside the boot. A 5-month field evaluation compared the prototype boots to the boots the participants usually wear.

Sanders, M.S.; Downing, J.V.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In its most recent report on the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), the annual failure rate is calculated to be 1.3E({minus}7)(1/yr), rounded off from 1.32E({minus}7). A calculation by the Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) produces a result that is about 4% higher, namely 1.37E({minus}7)(1/yr). The difference is due to a minor error in the US Department of Energy (DOE) calculations in the Westinghouse 1996 report. WIPP`s hoist safety relies on a braking system consisting of a number of components including two crucial valves. The failure rate of the system needs to be recalculated periodically to accommodate new information on component failure, changes in maintenance and inspection schedules, occasional incidents such as a hoist traveling out-of-control, either up or down, and changes in the design of the brake system. This report examines DOE`s last two reports on the redesigned waste hoist system. In its calculations, the DOE has accepted one EEG recommendation and is using more current information about the component failures rates, the Nonelectronic Parts Reliability Data (NPRD). However, the DOE calculations fail to include the data uncertainties which are described in detail in the NPRD reports. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission recommended that a system evaluation include mean estimates of component failure rates and take into account the potential uncertainties that exist so that an estimate can be made on the confidence level to be ascribed to the quantitative results. EEG has made this suggestion previously and the DOE has indicated why it does not accept the NRC recommendation. Hence, this EEG report illustrates the importance of including data uncertainty using a simple statistical example.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)]|[Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Hoover Institution

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Thermo-mechanical characterization of nano filled and fiber reinforced brake friction materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brake friction materials filled with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and nanoclay have been fabricated and characterize for thermo-mechanical properties. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) show that the stability of the friction composites increased with increase in MWCNT and nanoclay contents. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) of the composite have been carried out to characterize the storage modulus (E?) loss modulus (E?) and damping factor (Tan ?) as a function of temperature. The storage and loss modulus show a maxima at lower content of MWCNT and nanoclay.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Solar tracker motor having a fixed caliper and a translating caliper each with an electromagnetic brake system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Concepts and technologies described herein provide for an accurate and cost-effective method for rotating a solar array disk for tracking the movement of the sun. According to various aspects, a motor includes a fixed caliper and a translating caliper positioned adjacent to one another. Electromagnetically controlled brakes on the translating caliper grip the solar array disk while adjacent, but spaced apart, electromagnets on the fixed caliper and the translating caliper are energized to create an attractive force that pulls the translating caliper with the solar array disk toward the fixed caliper. After reaching the fixed caliper, brakes on the fixed caliper are engaged with the disk, brakes on the translating caliper are released from the disk, and the translating caliper is pushed back to the starting location where the process repeats until the desired rotation is completed.

Rau, Scott James

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fault detection and diagnosis within a wind turbine mechanical braking system using condition monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy sources have a key role to play in the global energy mix as a means of reducing the impact of energy production on climate change. Wind energy is the most developed of all renewable energy technologies with more than 200GW of globally installed capacity as of 2011. Analyses of wind farm maintenance costs show that up to 40% of the outlay is related to unexpected component failures that lead to costly unscheduled amendments. Wind farm operators are constantly looking for new technological developments in condition monitoring that can contribute to the minimisation of wind turbine maintenance expenditure. Early fault detection through condition monitoring can help prevent major breakdowns as well as significantly decrease associated costs. Moreover it enables the optimisation of maintenance schedules, reduces downtime, increases asset availability and enhances safety and operational reliability. Faults in the braking system are of particularly concern since they can result in catastrophic failure of the wind turbine. The present study investigates online condition monitoring based on voltages and currents for mechanical wind turbine brake system fault diagnosis.

M. Entezami; S. Hillmansen; P. Weston; M.Ph. Papaelias

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar in the wind braking model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The pulsar wind model is updated by considering the effect of particle density and pulsar death. It can describe both the short term and long term rotational evolution of pulsars consistently. It is applied to model the rotational evolution of the Crab pulsar. The pulsar is spun down by a combination of magnetic dipole radiation and particle wind. The parameters of the Crab pulsar, including magnetic field, inclination angle, and particle density are calculated. The particle density in acceleration region is about 10^3 times the Goldreich-Julian charge density. The lower braking index between glitches is due to a larger particle density. This may be glitch induced magnetospheric activities in normal pulsars. Evolution of braking index and the Crab pulsar in P-Pdot diagram are calculated. The Crab pulsar will evolve from magnetic dipole radiation dominated case towards particle wind dominated case. Considering the effect of pulsar "death", the Crab pulsar (and other normal pulsars) will not evolve to the clust...

Kou, F F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Evaluation of a Current Source Active Power Filter to Reduce the DC Bus Capacitor in a Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Drive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Vehicle Traction Drive Shengnan Li Student Member, IEEE The University of Tennessee Department Science Knoxville, TN, 37996, USA tolbert@utk.edu Abstract ­ In hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), a battery-source inverter, dc bus capacitor, Electric vehicle, Harmonic current, Hybrid electric vehicle. I. INTRODUCTION

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Use of an auditory signal in a rear-end collision warning system: effects on braking force and reaction time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

driving game. Superimposed on the game screen was the image of a car which appeared to the driver to be ahead of him/her. The image enlarged in size, appearing to be a car applying its brakes. The participant was instructed to react as he would in a real...

Hopkins, Jennifer Susan

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

CityCarControl : an electric vehicle drive-by-wire solution for distributed steering, braking and throttle control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we propose CityCarControl, a system to manage the steering, braking, and throttle of a new class of intra-city electric vehicles. These vehicles have a focus on extreme light-weight and a small parking ...

Brown, Thomas B., M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Time-Based Intrusion Detection in Cyber-Physical Systems Christopher Zimmer, Balasubramany Bhat, Frank Mueller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determined prior to the schedulability analysis. We demonstrate how to provide micro-timings for multiple granularity levels of application code. Through bounds checking of these micro-timings, we develop techniques) to highly critical ones (anti-lock brakes, hydro-electric dam controls and flight control systems

Mueller, Frank

124

A MODEL OF MAGNETIC BRAKING OF SOLAR ROTATION THAT SATISFIES OBSERVATIONAL CONSTRAINTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The model of magnetic braking of solar rotation considered by Charbonneau and MacGregor has been modified so that it is able to reproduce for the first time the rotational evolution of both the fastest and slowest rotators among solar-type stars in open clusters of different ages, without coming into conflict with other observational constraints, such as the time evolution of the atmospheric Li abundance in solar twins and the thinness of the solar tachocline. This new model assumes that rotation-driven turbulent diffusion, which is thought to amplify the viscosity and magnetic diffusivity in stellar radiative zones, is strongly anisotropic with the horizontal components of the transport coefficients strongly dominating over those in the vertical direction. Also taken into account is the poloidal field decay that helps to confine the width of the tachocline at the solar age. The model's properties are investigated by numerically solving the azimuthal components of the coupled momentum and magnetic induction equations in two dimensions using a finite element method.

Denissenkov, Pavel A., E-mail: pavel.denisenkov@gmail.co [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, B.C., V8W 3P6 (Canada)

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

126

Traction Drive System Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

127

Hydraulic Drivetrain and Regenerative Braking Team 13: Andrew Brown, Karan Desai, Andrew McGrath, Hurst Nuckols, Grant Wilson Adviser: Dr. Andrew Jackson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The main components of the model include an electric motor, hydraulic pump, hydraulic motor and two 1 flow during regenerative braking Electric Motor: Provides rotational energy to the hydraulic drivetrain (% kinetic energy recovered) 24.73% Drivetrain Efficiency 67.02% Overall Efficiency 53.47% Current Electric

Carpick, Robert W.

128

An analysis of the annual probability of failure of the waste hoist brake system at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Evaluation Group (EEG) previously analyzed the probability of a catastrophic accident in the waste hoist of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) and published the results in Greenfield (1990; EEG-44) and Greenfield and Sargent (1993; EEG-53). The most significant safety element in the waste hoist is the hydraulic brake system, whose possible failure was identified in these studies as the most important contributor in accident scenarios. Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Waste Isolation Division has calculated the probability of an accident involving the brake system based on studies utilizing extensive fault tree analyses. This analysis conducted for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) used point estimates to describe the probability of failure and includes failure rates for the various components comprising the brake system. An additional controlling factor in the DOE calculations is the mode of operation of the brake system. This factor enters for the following reason. The basic failure rate per annum of any individual element is called the Event Probability (EP), and is expressed as the probability of failure per annum. The EP in turn is the product of two factors. One is the {open_quotes}reported{close_quotes} failure rate, usually expressed as the probability of failure per hour and the other is the expected number of hours that the element is in use, called the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes}. In many instances the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} will be the number of operating hours of the brake system per annum. However since the operation of the waste hoist system includes regular {open_quotes}reoperational check{close_quotes} tests, the {open_quotes}mission time{close_quotes} for standby components is reduced in accordance with the specifics of the operational time table.

Greenfield, M.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Sargent, T.J.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Design and test of a wet type helium turbo-expander with an alternator as a brake  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wet type helium turbo-expander with expected adiabatic efficiency of 70% at inlet pressure, temperature, and outlet pressure of 1.3 MPa, 6.0 K, and 0.2 MPa, respectively, has been developed. An alternator is adopted as a brake where a permanent magnet is held in the turbine shaft. And a self-acting gas bearing is used at thrust and journal bearings. An electromagnet supports thrust bearing to lift up the thrust disk when initiating operation. Design mass flow rate of the turbine is determined to be 60 g/s, corresponding to the JT mass flow rate in the existing helium liquefier/refrigerator. In the cryogenic performance test, the turbine had increased helium liquefaction rate by four times larger than the liquefaction rate without turbine operation.

Kato, T.; Miyake, A.; Kawano, K.; Hamada, K.; Hiyama, T.; Iwamoto, S.; Ebisu, H.; Tsuji, H. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-ken (Japan); Saji, N.; Kaneko, Y. [Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)] [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

130

Gas cooled traction drive inverter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention provides a modular circuit card configuration for distributing heat among a plurality of circuit cards. Each circuit card includes a housing adapted to dissipate heat in response to gas flow over the housing. In one aspect, a gas-cooled inverter includes a plurality of inverter circuit cards, and a plurality of circuit card housings, each of which encloses one of the plurality of inverter cards.

Chinthavali, Madhu Sudhan

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

131

Microsoft Word - chvs10.html  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 Chevrolet S-10 Electric 7 Chevrolet S-10 Electric VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS PURPOSE-BUILT VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1997 Chevrolet S-10 VIN: 1GCDE14H4V80003EX Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Heat Pump Climate Control System Auxillary Diesel Fuel Fired Heater (Only operates Below 40 F) Cruise Control Tilt Steering Wheel Front Wheel Drive Power Steering Power Brakes Anti-Lock Brakes Front Disk Brakes Regenerative Braking Drivers Side Air Bags AM/FM Stereo Radio Half-Bed Tonneau Cover BATTERY Manufacturer: Delphi Energy Type: Valve Regulated Lead Acid Number of Modules: 26 Weight of Module: 19 kg Weight of Pack(s): 575 kg Pack Locations: Underbody Nominal Module Voltage: 12 V Nominal System Voltage: 312 V Nominal Capacity (C/2): 48 Ah WEIGHTS Design Curb Weight: 4300 lbs

132

Upper and lower limits on the Crab pulsar's astrophysical parameters set from gravitational wave observations by LIGO: braking index and energy considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Observatory (LIGO) has recently reached the end of its fifth science run (S5), having collected more than a year worth of data. Analysis of the data is still ongoing but a positive detection of gravitational waves, while possible, is not realistically expected for most likely sources. This is particularly true for what concerns gravitational waves from known pulsars. In fact, even under the most optimistic (and not very realistic) assumption that all the pulsar's observed spin-down is due to gravitational waves, the gravitational wave strain at earth from all the known isolated pulsars (with the only notable exception of the Crab pulsar) would not be strong enough to be detectable by existing detectors. By August 2006, LIGO had produced enough data for a coherent integration capable to extract signal from noise that was weaker than the one expected from the Crab pulsar's spin-down limit. No signal was detected, but beating the spin-down limit is a considerable achievement for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC). It is customary to translate the upper limit on strain from a pulsar into a more astrophysically significant upper limit on ellipticity. Once the spin-down limit has been beaten, it is possible to release the constraint that all the spin-down is due to gravitational wave emission. A more complete model with diverse braking mechanisms can be used to set limits on several astrophysical parameters of the pulsar. This paper shows possible values of such parameters for the Crab pulsar given the current limit on gravitational waves from this neutron star.

Giovanni Santostasi

2008-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

133

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

134

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

135

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

136

Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

137

High Power Density Integrated Traction Machine Drive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation

138

Thermal Modelling of Powerful Traction Battery Charger  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the author presents survey of the modern approaches in the thermal analysis of power electronic systems. The improvement and the new methods are applied to the real engineering problem. The ther...

R. Vlach

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the high temperature operating capability of wide bandgap (WBG) devices. New low-loss Si IGBTs. Innovative heat sink design minimizes the thermal resistance. Fewer...

140

Advanced Integrated Electric Traction System | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

"Mega" Merit Review 2008 on February 25, 2008 in Bethesda, Maryland. merit08smith.pdf More Documents & Publications Advnaced Power Electronics and Electric Machines...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting

142

Microsoft Word - s10.html  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Chevrolet S-10 Electric Chevrolet S-10 Electric w/NiMH VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS PURPOSE-BUILT VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1998 S-10 VIN: 1GCDE14H1W8122580 Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Heat Pump Climate Control System Auxillary Diesel Fuel Fired Heater (Only operates Below 37°F) Cruise Control Power Steering Tilt Steering Wheel 4-wheel Anti-Lock Power Assisted Brakes Regenerative Braking Propulsion Battery Thermal Management System Driver and Passenger-Side Air Bags (w/Passenger-Side Deactivation Switch) AM/FM Stereo Radio Half-Bed Tonneau Cover BATTERY Manufacturer: Ovonic Energy Products Type: Nickel Metal Hydride Number of Modules: 26 Weight of Module: 18.3 kg Weight of Pack(s): 490.5 kg Pack Locations: Underbody Nominal Module Voltage: 13.2 V

143

Fault-tolerant control design for trajectory tracking in driver assistance systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-wheel-distributed traction/braking sys- tems was proposed by Ono et al. (2006). A yaw stability control system in whichFault-tolerant control design for trajectory tracking in driver assistance systems Bal´azs N.sename;luc.dugard}@gipsa-lab.grenoble-inp.fr Abstract: The paper proposes a control system with the brake and the steering for developing a driver

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

144

LATERAL VEHICLE STABILIZATION USING CONSTRAINED NONLINEAR CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems of designing a controller for the yaw dynamics are the nonlinearities which appear in the system, nonlinear systems, constraints. Abstract A lateral stabilization system for automotive vehicles is de of the vehicle during braking maneuvers. These systems were followed by traction control systems, which im- prove

Johansen, Tor Arne

145

What is about future high speed power line communication systems for in-vehicles networks ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by car manufacturers to fulfil the different communications between electronic control units (ECU related to the steering, traction, braking system (ABS), Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Electric of splicing that is necessary, as well as simplify and lighten the cable bundles The HomePlug Powerline

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

146

EV Everywhere Workshop: Traction Drive Systems Breakout Group Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given at the EV Everywhere Grand Challenge - Electric Drive (Power Electronics and Electric Machines) Workshop on July 24, 2012 held at the Doubletree O'Hare, Chicago, IL.

147

Influence of surface traction on soft robot undulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

principles of elasticity and friction, we introduce a theoretical model that identifies the tribological their shape and functionality. This unique combination of mobil- ity, elastic compliance, and multi physical factors and classical theories that could eventually be used to find locomotion strategies

Liu, David R.

148

Design and Implementation of an Electric Differential for Traction Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and transmissions with lighter and smaller electric motors directly coupled to the wheels via a single gear or an in-wheel motor. This paper deals then with an Electric Differential System (EDS) for an Electric Vehicle (EV angle with good static and dynamic performances. Index Terms--Electric Vehicle (EV), induction motor

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

149

Numerical Simulation of the Thermal Management for Traction Batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electrification of vehicle powertrains is a rapidly developing technology. Especially for the development of the used high-voltage batteries, an elaborated thermal management is needed to secure their perform...

Xiao Hu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Goodyear Tire Plant Gains Traction on Energy Savings After Completing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Completing Save Energy Now Assessment Saves 875,000 in Energy Costs; Reduces Natural Gas Consumption Industrial Technologies Program Case Study Benefits * Implemented...

151

Live Cells Exert 3-Dimensional Traction Forces on Their Substrata  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The properties of polyacrylamide (PAA) gel were evaluated inon Polyacrylamide Surface PAA deformable substrate wasSigma) was cross-linked with PAA surface by activating N-

Hur, Sung Sik; Zhao, Yihua; Li, Yi-Shuan; Botvinick, Elliot; Chien, Shu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

High-Temperature, Air-Cooled Traction Drive Inverter Packaging  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, June 7-11, 2010 -- Washington D.C.

153

Anti-slip regulator system (ASR)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When wheelspin occurs the anti-slip regulator system (ASR) regulates the drive torque in such a way that steerability is always retained, together with good forward traction. The microprocessor which performs the regulating function compares the wheel speed increase at each driven wheel with the vehicle acceleration, and calculates the 'excess torque' which is causing wheelspin, and eliminates it automatically by briefly actuating the wheel brake and/or by backing off the throttle. At low speeds the wheel with the greatest amount of wheelspin is slowed by an exactly calculated brake application with a simultaneous reduction of engine power, so that the amount of forward traction is determined by the greatest available surface adhesion. At higher speeds, however, in order to avoid undesired yaw reactions, the system operates only by reducing engine power delivery by the necessary amount, which means that the amount of tractive force is determined by the lower surface adhesion value in each case.

B.-G. Schulze; E. Lissel

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Daimler's SuperTruck Program; 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents highlights of engine and vehicle advances made, and progress towards achieving aggressive goals

155

Emergency Braking: A Study of Network and Application Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of such applications as a function of the market penetration rate, showing that even cars that are not equipped interact? What is the market penetration rate that makes EEBL ben- efits measurable? Do non

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

156

Improvements of vehicle fuel economy using mechanical regenerative braking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents a mixed theoretical and experimental evaluation of the improvements in fuel economy that follow the introduction of a mechanical Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS) on a full size passenger car. This system, made up of a high speed storage flywheel and a Constant Variable Transmission (CVT), has a full regenerative cycle overall efficiency about twice the efficiency of battery-based hybrids. With reference to the baseline configuration having a 4L gasoline engine, adoption of a KERS may reduce the fuel consumption covering the NEDC by 25% without downsizing, and by 33% downsizing the engine to 3.3L.

Alberto A. Boretti

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

ORNL/Pub40701 Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and International Nuclear Information System (INIS) representatives from the following source. Office of Scientific

158

NETL: LabNotes - April 2012  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

April 2012 April 2012 NETL Develops Sensor and Control Technologies Detecting Gas Composition Rapidly and Accurately Machines and devices that function automatically to keep us safe and provide convenience are characteristic of modern life. For example, our home heating, ventilation and cooling systems have temperature sensors that know if the room is at the user's desired level of comfort and then cause something like a furnace, heat pump, air conditioner, or blower to turn on or off. The sensor and the resulting control signal comprise a sensor and control loop. Our automobiles and their sub-components use a myriad of sensor and control loops to keep them running safely and efficiently - for example, anti-lock braking systems, air bags, oxygen sensors, and throttle sensors. Similarly, NETL engineers and scientists are working on ways to make energy systems safer and more efficient through the use of novel sensors and control loops that provide more information to the operators and afford a higher level of control.

159

Efficient high density train operations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference. During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

Gordon, Susanna P. (Oakland, CA); Evans, John A. (Hayward, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Ferrite permanent magnet electrical machine and the application thereof within vehicle traction drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes, in combination, a land vehicle having axially aligned ground engaging tractive wheels, and a drivetrain carried by the vehicle for the propulsion thereof. The drivetrain comprises: (a) a substantially fixed DC power source including at least one chemical battery, (b) transmission means including selectable multiple gear ratios, an input shaft and a mechanical differential operative to transfer torque to the wheels, (c) a single-phase self-synchronous permanent magnet motor including, (i) an elongated central shaft, (ii) a generally u-shaped frame assembly adapted for mechanical grounding the shaft to a relatively stationary portion of the vehicle, the shaft being secured to the frame proximate each end thereof, (iii) a stator assembly secured to the shaft and characterized by a plurality of outwardly directed integrally formed salient poles and associated bifilar-wound induction coils, and (iv) a rotor assembly rotatably disposed on the shaft and substantially enclosing the stator assembly, the rotor assembly comprising a cylindrical shell defining an inner surface.

Gritter, D.J.; O'Neil, W.K.; Turner, D.

1987-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Low Latency Hybrid Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulator for Railway Traction System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a virtual plant in the identical way as it is connected to the real plant, such as inverter and electric machine. The virtual plant or the HiL simulator is composed of a real time computation machine (mostly Meng Sun and Joachim Böcker Institute of Power Electronics and Drives University of Paderborn Paderborn

Paderborn, Universität

162

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Permanent Magnet Development for Automotive Traction Motors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation given by Ames Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about permanent magnet development...

163

Multi-Stage Converters: A New Technology for Traction Drive Juan W. Dixon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrated the feasibility to build multi-stage converters for real electric vehicles or electric buses of electric vehicles. On the other hand, the PWM techniques used today to control modern static converters of Electrical Engineering Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Felipe Ríos, and Alberto Bretón Department

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

164

Ways to calculate electric fields in traction electric motor insulation by equivalent charge method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A procedure permitting one to calculate the electric fields in multilayer insulation based on the equivalent charge method is presented. Consideration of the new algorithm shows its fast response and proper ac...

A. V. Kireev; A. Yu. Bakhvalov; S. Yu. Knyazev

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Fuzzy Logic Traction Controllers And Their Effect On Longitudinal Vehicle Platoon Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the plant. Figure 27 depicts the fuzzy logic control system.Figure 27: Fuzzy Logic Control System Fuzzification: Duringcontrol makes a fuzzy-logic control approach appealing (

Bauer, M.; Tomizuka, M.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Omnidirectional locomotion and traction control of the wheel-driven, wall-climbing robot, cromsci  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Safe and cost-efficient inspection of large concrete buildings is a great challenge for mobile robots. This paper presents the locomotion system of the climbing robot, Cromsci, which uses three steerable standard wheels and negative pressure ... Keywords: Control of robotic systems, Force control, Mobile robots, Novel applications of robotics, Service robots

D. Schmidt; C. Hillenbrand; K. Berns

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Advanced Liquid Cooling for a Traction Drive Inverter Using Jet Impingement and Microfinned Enhanced Surfaces: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jet impingement on plain and micro-finned enhanced surfaces was compared to a traditional channel flow configuration. The jets provide localized cooling to areas heated by the insulated-gate bipolar transistor and diode devices. Enhanced microfinned surfaces increase surface area and thermal performance. Using lighter materials and designing the fluid path to manage pressure losses increases overall performance while reducing weight, volume, and cost. Powering four diodes in the center power module of the inverter and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling was used to characterize the baseline as well as jet-impingement-based heat exchangers. CFD modeling showed the thermal performance improvements should hold for a fully powered inverter. Increased thermal performance was observed for the jet-impingement configurations when tested at full inverter power (40 to 100 kW output power) on a dynamometer. The reliability of the jets and enhanced surfaces over time was also investigated. Experimentally, the junction-to- coolant thermal resistance was reduced by up to 12.5% for jet impingement on enhanced surfaces s compared to the baseline channel flow configuration. Base plate-to-coolant (convective) resistance was reduced by up to 37.0% for the jet-based configuration compared to the baseline, suggesting that while improvements to the cooling side reduce overall resistance, reducing the passive stack resistance may contribute to lowering overall junction-to-coolant resistance. Full inverter power testing showed reduced thermal resistance from the middle of the module baseplate to coolant of up to 16.5%. Between the improvement in thermal performance and pumping power, the coefficient of performance improved by up to 13% for the jet-based configuration.

Waye, S. K.; Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Moreno, G.; Bennion, K.; Jeffers, J.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

High-Temperature High-Power Packaging Techniques for HEV Traction Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key issue associated with the wider adoption of hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) and plug in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEV) is the implementation of the power electronic systems that are required in these products [1]. To date, many consumers find the adoption of these technologies problematic based on a financial analysis of the initial cost versus the savings available from reduced fuel consumption. Therefore, one of the primary industry goals is the reduction in the price of these vehicles relative to the cost of traditional gasoline powered vehicles. Part of this cost reduction must come through optimization of the power electronics required by these vehicles. In addition, the efficiency of the systems must be optimized in order to provide the greatest range possible. For some drivers, any reduction in the range associated with a potential HEV or PHEV solution in comparison to a gasoline powered vehicle represents a significant barrier to adoption and the efficiency of the power electronics plays an important role in this range. Likewise, high efficiencies are also important since lost power further complicates the thermal management of these systems. Reliability is also an important concern since most drivers have a high level of comfort with gasoline powered vehicles and are somewhat reluctant to switch to a less proven technology. Reliability problems in the power electronics or associated components could not only cause a high warranty cost to the manufacturer, but may also taint these technologies in the consumer's eyes. A larger vehicle offering in HEVs is another important consideration from a power electronics point of view. A larger vehicle will need more horsepower, or a larger rated drive. In some ways this will be more difficult to implement from a cost and size point of view. Both the packaging of these modules and the thermal management of these systems at competitive price points create significant challenges. One way in which significant cost reduction of these systems could be achieved is through the use of a single coolant loop for both the power electronics as well as the internal combustion engine (ICE) [2]. This change would reduce the complexity of the cooling system which currently relies on two loops to a single loop [3]. However, the current nominal coolant temperature entering these inverters is 65 C [3], whereas a normal ICE coolant temperature would be much higher at approximately 100 C. This change in coolant temperature significantly increases the junction temperatures of the devices and creates a number of challenges for both device fabrication and the assembly of these devices into inverters and converters for HEV and PHEV applications. With this change in mind, significant progress has been made on the use of SiC devices for inverters that can withstand much higher junction temperatures than traditional Si based inverters [4,5,6]. However, a key problem which the single coolant loop and high temperature devices is the effective packaging of these devices and related components into a high temperature inverter. The elevated junction temperatures that exist in these modules are not compatible with reliable inverters based on existing packaging technology. This report seeks to provide a literature survey of high temperature packaging and to highlight the issues related to the implementation of high temperature power electronic modules for HEV and PHEV applications. For purposes of discussion, it will be assumed in this report that 200 C is the targeted maximum junction temperature.

Barlow, F.D.; Elshabini, A.

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

169

Goodyear Tire Plant Gains Traction on Energy Savings After Completing Save Energy Now Assessment (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This DOE Save Energy Now case study describes how the Goodyear Tire Plant saves approx. 93,000 MMBtu and $875,000 annually after increasing steam system energy efficiency in the Union City, TN, plant.

Not Available

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - automotive traction applications Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

54 Spatiotemporal Constraints on the Force-Dependent Growth of Focal Jonathan Stricker, Yvonne Aratyn-Schaus, Patrick W. Oakes, and Margaret L. Gardel* Summary: adhesions...

171

Three-dimensional traction forces of Schwann cells on compliant substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...This provides axons with the required insulation for fast moving, saltatory conduction...of the timelapse experiments to avoid thermal drift. A 40 CFI APO Lambda S water...elasticity directs stem cell lineage specification. Cell 126, 677-689. ( doi:10...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Utilizing the Traction Drive Power Electronics System to Provide Plug-in Capability for PHEVs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, May 18-22, 2009 -- Washington D.C.

173

A Soft-Switching Inverter for High-Temperature Advanced Hybrid Electric Vehicle Traction Motor Drives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) require the inverter cooling system to have a separate loop to avoid power semiconductor junction over temperatures because the engine coolant temperature of 105?C does not allow for much temperature rise in silicon devices. The proposed work is to develop an advanced soft-switching inverter that will eliminate the device switching loss and cut down the power loss so that the inverter can operate at high-temperature conditions while operating at high switching frequencies with small current ripple in low inductance based permanent magnet motors. The proposed tasks also include high-temperature packaging and thermal modeling and simulation to ensure the packaged module can operate at the desired temperature. The developed module will be integrated with the motor and vehicle controller for dynamometer and in-vehicle testing to prove its superiority. This report will describe the detailed technical design of the soft-switching inverters and their test results. The experiments were conducted both in module level for the module conduction and switching characteristics and in inverter level for its efficiency under inductive and dynamometer load conditions. The performance will be compared with the DOE original specification.

None, None

2012-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

174

Investigation of the singular integral and discontinuous traction problems for boundary element three-dimensional elastostatics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

point. Up to six sub-cells may be required to perform the integration over the complete volume. Integration over each sub-cell is performed by mapping the sub-cell onto a cube in intrinsic coordinates ( q , h , t) ). This technique of evaluating... to two and three-dimensional boundary elements, where the mapping of the pyramidal 10 sub-cell onto a cube translates to the mapping of a triangular element onto a quadrangle in instrinsic coordinates. This transformation has the effect of blowing up...

Awad, Nadim Mansour

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

175

The influence of the magnetic topology on the braking of sun-like stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stellar winds are thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for the resulting torque. However, previous studies generally consider simple dipole or split monopole stellar magnetic topologies. Here we consider in addition to a dipolar stellar magnetic field, both quadrupolar and octupolar configurations, while also varying the rotation rate and the magnetic field strength. 60 simulations made with a 2.5D, cylindrical and axisymmetric set-up and computed with the PLUTO code were used to find torque formulations for each topology. We further succeed to give a unique law that fits the data for every topology by formulating the torque in terms of the amount of open magnetic flux in the wind. We also show that our formulation can be applied to even more realistic magnetic topologies, with examples of the Sun in its minimum and maximum phase as observed at t...

Rville, Victor; Matt, Sean; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Regenerative Braking for an Electric Vehicle Using Ultracapacitors and a Buck-Boost Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, similar in shape and size to a Chevrolet S-10. This vehicle was already converted to an electric car

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

177

ORNL/TM-2011/479 Real-Time Dynamic Brake Assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.............................................................................................................................1 1.1 BACKGROUND...............................................................................................................6 2.2.1 Test Vehicle and Sensors

178

Interface design for an aircraft thrust and braking indicator/advisor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent advances in the development of aircraft landing and takeoff performance monitoring systems (Pinder, 2003) have shown the feasibility of a cockpit instrument that could aid significantly in the decision making process during the most critical phases ... Keywords: auditory interfaces, aviation, bimodal user interfaces, cockpit user interfaces

S. D. Pinder; D. N. Bristow; T. C. Davies

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A performance evaluation of an automotive magnetorheological brake design with a sliding mode controller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industries due to its potential to improve vehicle perfor- mance, safety and cost. The ``x'' in x Engineering, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, P.O. Box 3055 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 3P6 flow and heat transfer analysis. The performance of the MRB in a vehicle was studied using a quarter

Park, Edward

180

Combined fast valving and braking resistor application to improve transient stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In many cases, power plants and load centers are connected through long transmission lines. Furthermore, the development over the years of improved methods of' cooling generators and of designing low pressure turbine stages have resulted in a reduction... power input to the turbogenerator is measured with a reheater pressure transducer and the electrica1 power output from the generator is measured with a kw transducer. When the 10 0 V 0 C4 4 0) f-4 H m Cd . A ) N Cd VII &D '0 (U Ctd cd cdm OE...

Chen, Jen-Yeu Thomas

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A study of factors affecting foot movement time in a braking maneuver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; in the stationary vehicle portion of the study, they were not. Mean foot MT for both genders over all conditions were 0.28 seconds for women and 0.22 seconds for men. For older drivers, over all conditions, the mean foot MT was 0.25 seconds, and, for the younger...

Berman, Andrea Helene

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

182

Injection Timing Effects on Brake Fuel Conversion Efficiency and Engine System's Respones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

timing effects on the combustion processes, engine efficiency, and the engine system's responses. The engine in the study is a medium duty diesel engine (capable of meeting US EPA Tier III off road emission standards) equipped with common rail direct...

McLean, James Elliott

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

183

Author's personal copy What can the braking indices tell us about the nature of pulsars?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

additional torques by particle outflow or accretion disk, changes in inclination angle or magnetic field's personal copy pole radiation and relativistic particle flow/wind (Dar, 1999; Allen and Horvath, 2000; Xu and Qiao, 2001; Wu et al., 2003; Contopoulos et al., 2006), the models with changing inclination angles (e

Xu, Ren-Xin

184

To brake or to accelerate? Safety effects of combined speed and red light cameras  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractIntroduction The present study evaluates the traffic safety effect of combined speed and red light cameras at 253 signalized intersections in Flanders, Belgium that were installed between 2002 and 2007. Method The adopted approach is a before-and-after study with control for the trend. Results The analyses showed a non-significant increase of 5% in the number of injury crashes. An almost significant decrease of 14% was found for the more severe crashes. The number of rear-end crashes turned out to have increased significantly (+44%), whereas a non-significant decrease (?6%) was found in the number of side crashes. The decrease for the severe crashes was mainly attributable to the effect on side crashes, for which a significant decrease of 24% was found. Practical Applications It is concluded that combined speed and red light cameras have a favorable effect on traffic safety, in particular on severe crashes. However, future research should examine the circumstances of rear-end crashes and how this increase can be managed.

Ellen De Pauw; Stijn Daniels; Tom Brijs; Elke Hermans; Geert Wets

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Stress and displacement fields due to a penny-shaped shear crack with non-uniform traction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......E-lB(E))jr ) = -- '(", O r McNally 1984). McGarr...penny-shaped shear crack 227 r .o r I.o 0.0 -0...geophys. Muki, R., 1960.Asymmetric-problemsof...Kanamori, H. & McNally, K. C., 1984......

Niu Zhiren

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

The Fault Diagnosis of Electric Railway Traction Substation with Model-Based Diagnosis of Integration of FDI and DX Approaches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most diagnosis systems used in electric railway substation are expert systems based on experiences, which ... applied to diagnose the electric devices in railway substation. The system model knowledge can be obta...

Zhigang Liu; Zhiwei Han; Wei Zhong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. Vehicle types that do not rely solely on a gasoline internal combustion engine for motive and accessory power 9. Vehicle types that do not rely solely on a gasoline internal combustion engine for motive and accessory power Vehicle type Description Micro hybrid Vehicles with gasoline engines, larger batteries, and electrically powered auxiliary systems that allow the engine to be turned off when the vehicle is coasting or idling and then quickly restarted. Regenerative braking recharges the batteries but does not provide power to the wheels for traction. Hybrid electric (gasoline or diesel) Vehicles that combine internal combustion and electric propulsion engines but have limited all-electric range and batteries that cannot be recharged with grid power. Diesel Vehicles that use diesel fuel in a compression-ignition internal combustion engine. Plug-in hybrid electric Vehicles that use battery power for driving some distance, until a minimum level of

188

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Sector  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. Description of battery-powered electric vehicles 0. Description of battery-powered electric vehicles Vehicle type Description Micro or "mild" hybrid Vehicles with ICEs, larger batteries, and electrically powered auxiliary systems that allow the engine to be turned off when the vehicle is coasting or idle and then be quickly restarted. Regenerative braking recharges the batteries but does not provide power to the wheels for traction. Micro and mild hybrids are not connected to the electrical grid for recharging and are not considered as HEVs in this analysis. Full hybrid electric (HEV) Vehicles that combine an internal combustion engine with electric propulsion from an electric motor and battery. The vehicle battery is recharged by capturing some of the energy lost during braking. Stored energy is used to eliminate engine operation during idle, operate the vehicle at slow speeds for limited distances, and assist the ICE drivetrain throughout its drive cycle. Full HEV systems are configured in parallel, series, or power split systems, depending on how power is delivered to the drivetrain. HEVs are not connected to the electric grid for recharging.

189

The effect of magnetic topology on thermally-driven winds: towards a general formulation of the braking law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stellar winds are thought to be the main process responsible for the spin down of main-sequence stars. The extraction of angular momentum by a magnetized wind has been studied for decades, leading to several formulations for the resulting torque. However, previous studies generally consider simple dipole or split monopole stellar magnetic topologies. Here we consider in addition to a dipolar stellar magnetic field, both quadrupolar and octupolar configurations, while also varying the rotation rate and the magnetic field strength. 60 simulations made with a 2.5D, cylindrical and axisymmetric set-up and computed with the PLUTO code were used to find torque formulations for each topology. We further succeed to give a unique law that fits the data for every topology by formulating the torque in terms of the amount of open magnetic flux in the wind. We also show that our formulation can be applied to even more realistic magnetic topologies, with examples of the Sun in its minimum and maximum phase as observed at t...

Rville, Victor; Matt, Sean; Strugarek, Antoine; Pinto, Rui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Disc formation in turbulent cloud cores: is magnetic flux loss necessary to stop the magnetic braking catastrophe or not?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......regions, while the MHD model with artificially...Appendix reproduces the diagrams as obtained in SGL12...the mass M. These diagrams provide a way to...than in the ideal MHD model and comparable...and 1000 au scale diagrams - middle and right-hand...specially for the ideal MHD model.) The geometry......

R. Santos-Lima; E. M. de Gouveia Dal Pino; A. Lazarian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

aux lignes de force il y a une diffrence de traction de mme gran-deur. 1'I. Quincke a remarqu que, dans le sulfure de carbone,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dans l'huile de colza, lavée soigneusement au sulfure de carbone et laissée dans ce liquide pendant 22 tournait de nouveau, mais pendant 2 heures seulement, dans le sulfure de carbone, avec une différence de quart d'heure, méme à 90°. L'auteur a opéré sur les sels suivants : AzH?,Az03 K3FeCy6 KBr (AzH')2 S04

Boyer, Edmond

192

Diary of Societies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . Poynder: Some Practical Considerations in the Design of the Automatic Equipments for Heavy Traction Substations.

1928-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

193

Value Capture in the Global Wind Energy Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nacelle housing Brake system Yaw bearings All other Suppliern.a. n.a. Brake system n.a. n.a. Yaw bearings Spain n .a.

Dedrick, Jason; Kraemer, Kenneth L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

FedEx Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 6-Month...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

each of these systems. These systems and specific components of interest include: * Vehicle Systems o Engine o Hybrid propulsion system o Brakes * Vehicle Components o Brake...

195

Advanced Aerodynamic Devices to Improve the Performance, Economics, Handling, and Safety of Heavy Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research is being conducted at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) to develop advanced aerodynamic devices to improve the performance, economics, stability, handling and safety of operation of Heavy Vehicles by using previously-developed and flight-tested pneumatic (blown) aircraft technology. Recent wind-tunnel investigations of a generic Heavy Vehicle model with blowing slots on both the leading and trailing edges of the trailer have been conducted under contract to the DOE Office of Heavy Vehicle Technologies. These experimental results show overall aerodynamic drag reductions on the Pneumatic Heavy Vehicle of 50% using only 1 psig blowing pressure in the plenums, and over 80% drag reductions if additional blowing air were available. Additionally, an increase in drag force for braking was confirmed by blowing different slots. Lift coefficient was increased for rolling resistance reduction by blowing only the top slot, while downforce was produced for traction increase by blowing only the bottom. Also, side force and yawing moment were generated on either side of the vehicle, and directional stability was restored by blowing the appropriate side slot. These experimental results and the predicted full-scale payoffs are presented in this paper, as is a discussion of additional applications to conventional commercial autos, buses, motor homes, and Sport Utility Vehicles.

Robert J. Englar

2001-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

196

Use of Fault Tree Analysis for Automotive Reliability and Safety Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fault tree analysis (FTA) evolved from the aerospace industry in the 1960's. A fault tree is deductive logic model that is generated with a top undesired event in mind. FTA answers the question, ''how can something occur?'' as opposed to failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) that is inductive and answers the question, ''what if?'' FTA is used in risk, reliability and safety assessments. FTA is currently being used by several industries such as nuclear power and chemical processing. Typically the automotive industries uses failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) such as design FMEAs and process FMEAs. The use of FTA has spread to the automotive industry. This paper discusses the use of FTA for automotive applications. With the addition automotive electronics for various applications in systems such as engine/power control, cruise control and braking/traction, FTA is well suited to address failure modes within these systems. FTA can determine the importance of these failure modes from various perspectives such as cost, reliability and safety. A fault tree analysis of a car starting system is presented as an example.

Lambert, H

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

197

An improved energy management strategy for FC/UC hybrid electric vehicles propelled by motor-wheels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The hybridization of the fuel-cell electric-vehicle (FCEV) by a second energy source has the advantage of improving the system's dynamic response and efficiency. Indeed, an ultra-capacitor (UC) system used as an energy storage device fulfills the FC slowest dynamics during fast power transitions and recovers the braking energy. In FC/UC hybrid vehicles, the search for a suitable power management approach is one of the main objectives. In this paper, an improved control strategy managing the active power distribution between the two energy sources is proposed. The UC reference power is calculated through the DC link voltage regulation. For the FC power demand, an algorithm with five operating modes is developed. This algorithm, depending on the UC state of charge (SOC) and the vehicle speed level, minimizes the FC power demand transitions and therefore ameliorates its durability. The traction power is provided using two permanent magnetic synchronous motor-wheels to free more space in the vehicle. The models of the FC/UC vehicle system parts and the control strategy are developed using MATLAB software. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed energy management strategy.

Islem Lachhab; Lotfi Krichen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Performance of Networked Control Systems under Sporadic Feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regenerative Braking power inverter storage Micro-Grid Renewable Generation PHEV Smart Grid - Distributed

Lemmon, Michael

199

Analytical framework for the smooth manoeuvre of wheeled mobile robots traversing obstacles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the smooth manoeuvre of wheeled mobile robots traversing obstacles S. O. Oyadiji...model the dynamics of wheeled mobile robots (WMRs), which need to travel...characteristics of a traction surface. mobile robots|temporal trajectory|traction...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

funding: 250k 2 Overview 3. Exh. waste heat 1. Heat transfer 2. Brake power * 1) 33% (loss, heat transfer) * 2) 33% (brake power) * 3) 33% (loss, exhaust waste) Energy in 3...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Substantial increases in brake power and considerably lower peak pressure can result from oxygen-enriched diesel combustion

202

MUSIC VENUES IN EXETERMUSIC VENUES IN EXETER EXETER'S MUSIC SCENEEXETER'S MUSIC SCENE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Damned o Turin Brakes o Youngblood Brass Band #12;AROUND EXETERAROUND EXETER Cavern Club Live Music Venue

Mumby, Peter J.

203

Heavy-duty H2-Diesel Dual Fuel Engines  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Brake thermal efficiency can be improved with the addition of a large amount of hydrogen at medium to high loads

204

www.ave.kth.se Rail Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

brake systems and materials b. Wear calculation methodologies 2. Block-wheel contact mechanics study a and worn out profiles 3. Application to wheel wear calculation a. Isolated wheel and block b. Coupling: Modelling wheel wear caused by block brakes Background Most freight trains use block brakes, where

Haviland, David

205

CMVRTC: Overweight Vehicle  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle Heavy and overweight vehicle brake testing for combination five-axle tractor-flatbed scale The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, in coordination with the Federal Highway Administration, sponsored the Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT) program in order to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a

206

Download  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Jul 16, 1973 ... traction requires a sequence of solvents and, for a large number of samples, ... unlabeled red, brown, and green marine algae and eel grass for...

207

E-Print Network 3.0 - advisory capability arac Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A part-task human Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 79 Prior Probability Model Development to...

208

E-Print Network 3.0 - assessment system edas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Navigation System ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 25 Evacuation Planning via Evolutionary...

209

E-Print Network 3.0 - airspace flight network Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flight rules (IFR... ) flight plan. Class B airspace is generally the ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and...

210

E-Print Network 3.0 - airborne strategic conflict Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

. A., Karr, D. A., Roscoe, D. A., Pattern-Based Genetic Algorithm for ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and...

211

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft transportation system Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from approximately 5 to 20 aircraft. Condition one consisted solely of this ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and...

212

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft conflict resolution Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

that it work with the current aircraft conflict resolution... and aircraft ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and...

213

E-Print Network 3.0 - airspace chicago il Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

conditions, this paper assessed Flexible Airspace Management that reconfigures Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and...

214

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft maintenance equipment Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

stream of aircraft Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 35 Disruption Management in the Airline Industry...

215

A Component Evaluation Tool from the Vehicle System Perspective  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Testbed) is a Modular Hybrid Test Environment for Component Evaluation Emulated electric traction system: *Battery pack simulated *Motor-inverter emulated *Physical motor...

216

Numerical Modeling of the Nucleation Conditions of Petal-Centerline...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

analysis revealed that outward directed traction boundary conditions on the borehole surface including weight on bit and excess drilling mud pressure suppress tensile stress...

217

Sustainability and Transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

traction powered from renewable resources. References ASPO.to absorb them, uses renewable resources at or below theireration, and, uses non-renewable resources at or below the

Gilbert, Richard

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

E-Print Network 3.0 - acar adaptive connectivity Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

non-intrusive, integrated FMS- ACARS capability. The aircraft comes equipped with a Honeywell Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage,...

219

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternatives study ctas Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ratings... ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 7 A Simulation Study of TCP over the IEEE...

220

E-Print Network 3.0 - air taxi pilots Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 8 Airspace Management Decision Tool Validating...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft spacing system Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the decision ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 3 TAl -1 1:00 SIMULATION OF TIME-CONTROL...

222

E-Print Network 3.0 - airspace utilization Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to airspace 10 ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 6 Maximum Flow Rates for Capacity Estimation in...

223

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft system identification Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a method ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Published at the 13th IFAC Symposium on...

224

power electronics and machines | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Power Electronics and Electrical Machines Improvements in electric traction drives are essential to electric drive vehicles, and have the potential to significantly reduce...

225

"The Waters . . . Belong To The People": Populist Victory Over Big Business and Progressive Federal Policy in the Nevada Water Law of 1913  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

James Watt invented a steam engine with a separate condenseras the invention of the steam engine and a valid alternativebut practical, steam-powered traction engines, or tractors,

McFarlane, Richard Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Type B Accident Investigation Bechtel Jacobs Company LLC Subcontractor...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

equipment (PPE) consisted of work clothes, tyvek suit with booties and hood, steel-toed boots, disposable shoe scuffs with a traction bottom surface, full-face powered...

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - applications reduce phytophagy Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

inherent stoichiometric mismatch by concentrating their feeding on other... - tages of EOD are reduced handling time, increased ex- traction rate of nutrients, and an increase......

228

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft crew dosimetry Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

bars and markers ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 13 SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS TO THE COST OF DELAY...

229

E-Print Network 3.0 - aasta parim multifilm Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parimal can Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 9 Sensitive detection of ultra-weak adhesion...

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - aasta parim sjastrateegia Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Parimal can Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 7 Children's Literature Exemplary Illustration...

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft impact dynamics Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is not uniform ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Eighth USAEurope Air Traffic Management...

232

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft carrier program Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of aircraft. NASA Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 4 AIAA 2008-7835 Selection of a Carrier...

233

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated aircraft conflict Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Automation System ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 2 Eighth USAEurope Air Traffic Management...

234

Y-12 and the 2000 decade ? Modernization to Transformation,...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Two moderate level line item projects were proposed, Quality Evaluation Relocation and Depleted Uranium Upgrades, but could never get funding traction. Realizing the benefits of...

235

CX-006974: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fully-Integrated Automotive Traction Inverter with Real-Time Switching Optimization CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09262011 Location(s): Colorado, Massachusetts,...

236

Electro-Thermal Dynamics and the Effects of Generalized Discontinuous Pulse Width Modulation Algorithms on High Performance Variable Frequency Drives.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis is concerned with issues observed with the variable frequency drive, VFD, traction inverter used in the Buckeye Bullet 3 as it performed during (more)

Krohn, Austin Bengoechea

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Advanced Power Electronics and Electric Motors (APEEM) R&D Program...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

enable market success: increase performance, efficiency and reliability, while lowering cost, weight, and volume Integrated Traction Drive System Concept 54% 22% 13% 11% FY 2013...

238

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2013 Advanced Power Electronics...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

technologies now under development. Research is focused on developing revolutionary new power electronics (PE), electric motor, and traction drive system (TDS) technologies that...

239

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated flight part Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3(a) shows a ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 9 Flap-bounding flight consists of flapping phases...

240

E-Print Network 3.0 - active vortex generators Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

flow field of ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 7 A New Look at Stratospheric Sudden Warmings....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Collge doctoral ED n 432 : Sciences des Mtiers de l'Ingnieur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'examinateur. Merci à Bernard Simon, Ingénieur de recherche à la SAFT (Société des Accumulateurs Fixes et de Traction

Boyer, Edmond

242

CMVRTC: Past Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Past reseach projects Past reseach projects ABS Indication Lamp Study -- More to come... Brake Wear and Performance Test (BWPT) -- Performance-Based Brake Testers (PBBTs) are devices that can be used to evaluate the current braking capabilities of a vehicle through the measurement of brake forces developed as a vehicle engages in a braking event while on a PBBT machine. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMSCA) passed legislation on February 5, 2003, allowing a PBBT that meets the FMCSA functional specifications to be used as an enforcement tool. (Read more ...) Heavy and Overweight Vehicle Brake Testing (HOVBT): Five-Axle Combination Tractor-Flatbed -- The HOVBT program was designed to provide information about the effect of gross vehicle weight (GVW) on braking performance. Because the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs) limit the number of braking system defects that may exist for a vehicle to be allowed to operate on the roadways, the examination of the effect of brake defects on brake performance for increased loads is also relevant. The HOVBT program seeks to provide relevant information to policy makers responsible for establishing load limits, beginning with providing test data for a combination tractor/trailer. (Read more ... )

243

Impurity-induced van der Waals transition during decohesion A. Van der Ven and G. Ceder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge- acterizing the crack region is embedded in a solid described by continuum plasticity.3,4 The traction curve is on the details of modification of the traction curve by mobile impurities. It has long been known that impurities

Ceder, Gerbrand

244

Tribological behavior of some candidate advanced space lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance of a variety of space lubricants was compared under boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL). The types of fluids studied were naphthenic mineral oil, paraffinic mineral oil, polyalphaolefin, and silahydrocarbon. The silahydrocarbon and the polyalphaolefin lubricants exhibited lower traction under similar conditions. A specific additive package increased the traction of the polyalphaolefin. Volatility characteristics of some of these fluids were also studied. 10 refs.

Sharma, S.K.; Snyder, C.E. Jr.; Gschwender, L.J. (USAF, Wright Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Rectifiers used on the London Underground Railways  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Lunn to the Institution of Electrical Engftieers on November 7, a description of the rectifier substations is given and also much useful information of the working of these rectifiers for traction ... there is little vibration; but in these respects the rectifier is much superior. The substation buildings for operating the traction system of the London Underground are in very densely populated ...

1935-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

brief communications nature methods | VOL.11 NO.12 | DECEMBER2014 | 1229  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

these limitations, we engineered a new class of molecular TPs that spatiotemporally report traction forces to a substrate through TPs, TP fluorescence enables the reversible, optical measurement of cell traction forces with otherwise similar sequences16 (Fig. 1b). Single TPs were attached to DNA handles and held in a `dumbbell

Cai, Long

247

CX-002146: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

46: Categorical Exclusion Determination 46: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002146: Categorical Exclusion Determination Wind Turbine Electric Brake Project CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 02/22/2010 Location(s): Ohio Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office Parker Hannifin, Aircraft Wheel and Brake Division will use Congressionally Directed Funding through DOE to develop an electric brake system for wind turbine applications. Project activities will include additional testing and design work on the brake system prototype in a laboratory setting. Additional project activities will involve testing the prototype brake system on a currently installed 60 kilowatt turbine. A negotiated arrangement with a local wind turbine manufacturer (Green Energy Technologies) to evaluate the prototype brake on this turbine has been

248

CMVRTC: PBBT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

performance based Brake tester (PBBt) performance based Brake tester (PBBt) PBBT The ORNL's Center for Transportation Analysis, in collaboration with the FMCSA and the Tennessee Highway Patrol (THP) Commercial Vehicle Enforcement (CVE), conducted a Performance-Based Brake Tester (PBBT) Valuation Study. The purpose of the study was to determine the PBBT's ability to increase the number of contacts with commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) and explore how the PBBT affects the CMV out-of-service (OOS) rate. The PBBT is a roller dynamometer which measures the vehicle's established brake force and calculates brake efficiency to indicate the effectiveness of the vehicle's brakes. Several test scenarios were employed using North American Standard (NAS) Level-1, 2, and 3 CMV inspection criteria. The first three scenarios employed both an NAS inspection (Level-1, 2, or 3)

249

Assessing benefits of coordination on safety in automated highway systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probability of a Collision with the Second Coordinated Braking Coiitrol Scheme 55 Collision of Two Vehicles in a Straight Track 56 20 Collision of Two Vehicles on the Curved (Richmond) Track 57 21 Velocity Profile of a Lead Car for Brake Saturation... in figure 4 is a plot of the distribution of the "effective" braking of following vehicles for the case I. The expected braking deceleration for this distribution is 0. 25 o 0. 2 o 0. 15 0. 1 g oos ~ 1st car p following cars P- N P- Pl P- Pv i- cv...

Choi, Woosuk

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

250

E-Print Network 3.0 - arsenic additions Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

USING PTERIS VITTATA L... brake fern (Pteris vittata L.), an arsenic hyperaccumulator, on removal of arsenic ... Source: Ma, Lena - Soil and Water Science Department, University of...

251

Wear-Resistant, Nano-Composite Steel Coatings  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

bits, grinder hammer tips, and other hardware), and transportation (brakes, valve trains, bearings, and gears). Project Description The goal of the project is to develop laser...

252

Energy Department Announces $4 Million Solicitation for Solid...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

fluorescent lamps. SSL sources are already replacing conventional technologies in automobile brake lights, traffic signals, exit signs and flashlights. The solid-state lighting...

253

Secretary Chu's Remarks at the California Institute of Technology...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

computer tools with embedded energy analysis. It was the system integration of the automobile engine, transmission, brakes and battery that enabled Toyota to create the Prius....

254

Development of Dual-Fuel Engine for Class 8 Applications | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Class 8 Applications Development of Dual-Fuel Engine for Class 8 Applications Highlights roadmap towards 55% brake thermal efficiency and progress to meet engine development goals...

255

UVM Outing Club Winter Group Equipment List  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: _____ have gas tank full _____ add dry gas in extreme cold weather _____ disconnect battery NOTES: #12; _____ chains/cables _____ oil _____ extra antifreeze _____ brake and transmission fluids _____ scraper

Hayden, Nancy J.

256

Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Oxygen-Enriched Combustion for Military Diesel Engine Generators Substantial increases in brake power and considerably lower peak...

257

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

operation of lathes, milling machines, grinder, saws, and machines of both manual and CNC type. Also the fabrication of assemblies within the confines of 749-A using brakes,...

258

Washington, D.C. and Indiana: Allison Hybrid Technology Achieves...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

system, which features regenerative braking enabled by two motorgenerator electric machines within the hybrid system. In addition to WMATA's buses, Allison's hybrid bus...

259

1999 IMECE-PAPER#199 KOSTIC & TONG 1 1999 IMECE -INTERNATIONAL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CONGRESS AND EXPOSITION, NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, USA, 1999.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kalb, Illinois 60115, USA 815/753-9975; kostic@ceet.niu.edu Haibo Tong Vapor Corp., A Westinghouse Air Brake Co

Kostic, Milivoje M.

260

AVCEM: Advanced Vehicle Cost and Energy Use Model. Overview of AVCEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regenerative braking, battery thermal management, and fuel-the requirements of battery thermal management, and thebattery tray, tie downs, electrical auxiliaries (such as bus bars), thermal

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

AVCEM: Advanced-Vehicle Cost and Energy Use Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

regenerative braking, battery thermal management, and fuel-the requirements of battery thermal management, and thebattery tray, tie downs, electrical auxiliaries (such as bus bars), thermal

Delucchi, Mark

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

E-Print Network 3.0 - antioxidant response element-mediated Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

brake fern (Pteris vittata L.) upon... adaptive biochemical responses such as production of antioxidant ... Source: Ma, Lena - Soil and Water Science Department, University...

263

Development of Enabling Technologies for High Efficiency, Low...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for HCCI Engine Pumping Friction Brake power Exhaust energy Incomplete combustion Other heat loss Engine heat loss % of fuel energy Collaborations - External *Program...

264

Stop/Start: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

regenerative braking, energy from the wheels turns the electric generator, creating electricity. Using energy from the wheels to turn the generator slows the vehicle. Go to next...

265

Data Collection for Improved Cold Temperature Thermal Modeling...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Speed Dynamometer CAN measured Drive trace measurement Engine RPM CAN spark frequency Model input Brake Torque CAN Flywheel torque, model input Toil Dipstick...

266

Advanced Manufacturing Office Update, July 2014 | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

demonstrating 50% brake thermal efficiency and NOx emissions that meet the most stringent air pollution standards. With typical reciprocating engine efficiencies around 35% at the...

267

November 18, 2009 22:50 Vehicle System Dynamics VSD09 Vehicle System Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

November 18, 2009 22:50 Vehicle System Dynamics VSD09 Vehicle System Dynamics Vol. 00, No. 00), involving the steering and braking actuators. This VDSC aims at improving automotive vehicle yaw stability the rear wheels) and use the steering actuator only if it is necessary (e.g. if the braking system

Boyer, Edmond

268

Unspeciated organic emissions from combustion sources and their influence on the secondary organic aerosol budget in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Metals 16,213 Mobile Commercial Marine Vessels 14,406 Fuel Comb...Locomotives 25,435 Mobile Commercial Marine Vessels 25,374 Industrial...69 0.9 NA NA brake/tire wear NA NA 92009, 92087 0.005...4547 0.0 NA NA brake/tire wear NA NA 92009, 92087 0.002...

Shantanu H. Jathar; Timothy D. Gordon; Christopher J. Hennigan; Havala O. T. Pye; George Pouliot; Peter J. Adams; Neil M. Donahue; Allen L. Robinson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Design of life-size haptic environments Yoky Matsuoka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or software failure, a brake-actuated device is inherently incapable of exceeding the kinetic energy of motion while still allowing us to simulate virtual objects (i.e. to constrain the user's motion inside comparisons to active devices. Theo- retically, we demonstrate that brake-actuated devices surprisingly

Matsuoka, Yoky

270

The hypothalamicpituitaryadrenalleptin axis and metabolic health: a systems approach to resilience, robustness and control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...or our approximation of the CAR and the obese phenotype. Higher...feedback signalling (i.e. a defective brake), quantified by dynamic...as the brake is removed, the car speeds forward). Leptin has...cortisol awakening response (CAR) across the female menstrual...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AARHUS UNIVERSITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the emission sources fuel consumption, engine oil, tyre wear, brake wear and road abrasion. The emission metals, road transport, fuel consumption, engine oil, tyre wear, brake wear, road abra- sion Layout: Ann.1 Metal content in fuels 15 2.2 Heavy metal emissions from fuel consumption 17 2.3 Engine oil and engine

272

Vehicle System Dynamics 0042-3114/01/3602-179$16.00 2001, Vol. 36, No. 23, pp. 179201 # Swets & Zeitlinger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

& Zeitlinger Brake Valve Timing and Fuel Injection: a Uni®ed Engine Torque Actuator for Heavy-Duty Vehicles LASSE MOKLEGAARD1 , MARIA DRUZHININA2 and ANNA STEFANOPOULOU3 SUMMARY A uni®ed engine torque actuator engine model of a six cylinder, 350 Hp turbocharged diesel engine, equipped with a compression brake

Stefanopoulou, Anna

273

Catalyst immobilization techniques for continuous flow synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Catalytic processes are ubiquitous in both research and industrial settings. As continuous flow processes continue to gain traction in research labs and fine and pharmaceutical chemical processes, new opportunities exist ...

Nagy, Kevin David

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Investigation of injection-induced seismicity using a coupled fluid ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Matrix of sliding to shear traction interaction coefficients f0. Nominal .... freeware Matlab code XSteam 2.6 by Magnus Holmgren (2007). A microseismic ...... with formulas, graphs, and mathematical tables: U. S. Government Print- ing Office.

2012-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

275

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... traction from a sanitary point of view is probably admitted by everyone, and certainly the electric car would afford the best solution. Mr. Joel is of opinion that there is a ...

1903-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

276

100 and 50 years ago  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... traction from a sanitary point of view is probably admitted by everyone, and certainly the electric car would afford the best solution. Mr. Joel is of opinion that there is a ...

2003-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

277

Development of an 800-V Electric Car with Rear-Wheel Drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Increasing the voltage level in the traction power network is an evident and reasonable development step in producing sporty and powerful electric cars. Therefore, the engineers at AVL are ... with 1200-V IGBT te...

Dr.-Ing. Armin Engstle; Dipl.-Ing. Mathias Deiml

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

17' Anne (Tome XXVIl). Septembre;.Octobre 1947 REVUE GNRALE DES QUESTIONS LAITIRES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'ac- .i.ion' des ferments lactiques thermôphiles, un~ rétraction (synérèse) 'QU caillé à l'intérieur des

Boyer, Edmond

279

APIC'95, El Paso, Extended Abstracts, A Supplement to the international journal of Reliable Computing 1 Aerodynamic Aids to Vehicle Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computing 1 Aerodynamic Aids to Vehicle Stability R. Bell Abstract--- Modern race cars utilize vari­ ous aerodynamic devices to increase stability, and traction. There is a considerable body of information available

Kreinovich, Vladik

280

Download  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nov 26, 1984 ... The rates of DMS production in the water column and its flux into the atmosphere across the ... traction methods are described in detail by. Froelich et al. (1983). ..... tion of hydrogen sulfide in natural waters. Limnol. Oceanogr.

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Tactical urbanism, public policy reform, and 'innovation spotting' by government : from Park(ing) Day to San Francisco's parklet program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the prospects and impacts of tactical urbanism (TU). While tactical urbanism remains primarily a subcultural movement, it is beginning to gain traction in popular culture in traditionally politically ...

Davidson, Mariko Mura

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Advanced Methods Approach to Hybrid Powertrain Systems Optimization of a Transit Bus Application  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Design refinements of the GTB-40 mass-transit bus include new optimization processes, subsystem, and powertrain system requirements along with traction motor, battery, and APU development and integration

283

Electric transmission based on the switched reluctance motor with independent excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The prospects and experience of using a switched reluctance motor with independent external excitation for a traction electric motor are discussed. The possibility of regulating the excitation allows the motor to...

V. F. Kozachenko; V. N. Ostrirov; M. M. Lashkevich

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Markets versus Regulation: The Efficiency and Distributional Impacts of U.S. Climate Policy Proposals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Regulatory measures have proven the favored approach to climate change mitigation in the U.S., while market-based policies have gained little traction. Using a model that resolves the U.S. economy by region, income category, ...

Rausch, S.

285

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Advanced Low-Cost SiC and GaN Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction Drives Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Advanced Low-Cost SiC and...

286

Efficiency Improvement of an IPMSM using Maximum Efficiency Operating Strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Joachim Böcker Paderborn University Department of Power Electronics and Electrical Drives 33095 Paderborn ma- chines (IPMSM) are preferably used for traction drives in electric vehicles in the machine control. Keywords-- Automotive application, Control of Drive, Electrical Drive, Efficiency

Paderborn, Universität

287

Electrification of powertrain systems battery, fuel cell or both?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The increasing electrification of powertrain systems is driven by the idea of using electric power as an alternative energy source. Fuel cells combined with electric traction are one example. Batteries will have ...

Dr.-Ing. Wolfgang Steiger; Dr.-Ing. Ingo Scholz

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Non-Aqueous Battery Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0 V. Practical non-aqueous batteries have energies extending from 100...electric watches to 20 kWh secondary batteries being developed for vehicle traction...10 years, to a military lithium thermal battery delivering all of its energy in...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Advanced battery thermal management for electrical-drive vehicles using reciprocating cooling flow and spatial-resolution, lumped-capacitance thermal model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The thermal management of traction battery systems for electrical-drive vehicles directly affects vehicle dynamic performance, long-term durability and cost of the battery systems. The (more)

Mahamud, Rajib

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Rechargeable lithium battery energy storage systems for vehicular applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Batteries are used on-board vehicles for broadly two applications starting-lighting-ignition (SLI) and vehicle traction. This thesis examines the suitability of the rechargeable lithium battery (more)

HURIA, TARUN

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Nonflammable perfluoropolyether-based electrolytes for lithium batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to power zero-emission electric vehicles, but they currently are gaining traction as backup power in aircraft and smart grid applications (3, 4). The electrolyte used in these batteries, however, hinders their use in large-scale applications...

Dominica H. C. Wong; Jacob L. Thelen; Yanbao Fu; Didier Devaux; Ashish A. Pandya; Vincent S. Battaglia; Nitash P. Balsara; Joseph M. DeSimone

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Measuring pesticide ecological and health risks in West African agriculture to establish an enabling environment for sustainable intensification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in the environment. Risk is a function of the maximum acceptable toxicant concentration...can be used without undue risk, as well as isolating...pesticides list that meets acceptable standards of low risk [75] has not gained traction...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Improvements on carbon nanotube structures in high-energy density ultracapacitor electrode design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ultracapacitors are a class of electrochemical energy storage device that is gaining significant industrial traction due to their high charging rate and cycle life compared to rechargeable batteries; however, they store ...

Jenicek, David P. (David Pierre)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Symmetric Galerkin boundary integral fracture analysis for plane orthotropic elasticity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the formulation and implementation of the symmetric Galerkin boundary integral method for two dimensional linear elastic orthotropic fracture analysis. For the usual case of a traction-free crack, the symmetry of the coefficient ...

L. J. Gray; G. H. Paulino

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

E-Print Network 3.0 - amiba hexapod telescope Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

off-the-shelf ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection: Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization 25 Towards 1st light of the 6.5m MMT adaptive...

296

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering seminar Three Dimensional Traction Force Microscopy with Applications in Cell Mechanics abstract The interactions between biochemical and mechanical signals during-dimensional measurement techniques are needed to investigate the effect of mechanical properties of the substrate

297

(1) Elementary Strength of Materials (2) Costruzioni di Strade e Gallerie  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... deals with the subject of traction on roads and railways and the frictional and other resistances which have to be overcome, giving a number of useful formulae which enable the ...

T. H. B.

1917-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft fuselage structures Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

be assured to a high degree of reliability... of Jet-Exhaust Streams on Structure of Vortex Wakes. AIAA J. ... Source: NASA - Center-TRACTION Automation System (CTAS) Collection:...

299

Volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Volcanic eruptions can produce a wide range of hazards. Although phenomena such as pyroclastic flows and surges, sector collapses, lahars and ballistic blocks are the most destructive and dangerous, volcanic ash is by far the most widely distributed eruption product. Although ash falls rarely endanger human life directly, threats to public health and disruption to critical infrastructure services, aviation and primary production can lead to significant societal impacts. Even relatively small eruptions can cause widespread disruption, damage and economic loss. Volcanic eruptions are, in general, infrequent and somewhat exotic occurrences, and consequently in many parts of the world, the management of critical infrastructure during volcanic crises can be improved with greater knowledge of the likely impacts. This article presents an overview of volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure, other than aviation and fuel supply, illustrated by findings from impact assessment reconnaissance trips carried out to a wide range of locations worldwide by our international research group and local collaborators. Critical infrastructure includes those assets, frequently taken for granted, which are essential for the functioning of a society and economy. Electricity networks are very vulnerable to disruption from volcanic ash falls. This is particularly the case when fine ash is erupted because it has a greater tendency to adhere to line and substation insulators, where it can cause flashover (unintended electrical discharge) which can in turn cause widespread and disruptive outages. Weather conditions are a major determinant of flashover risk. Dry ash is not conductive, and heavy rain will wash ash from insulators, but light rain/mist will mobilise readily-soluble salts on the surface of the ash grains and lower the ash layers resistivity. Wet ash is also heavier than dry ash, increasing the risk of line breakage or tower/pole collapse. Particular issues for water supply managers include: monitoring turbidity levels in raw water intakes, and if necessary increasing chlorination to compensate for higher turbidity; managing water demand; and communicating monitoring results with the public to allay fears of contamination. Ash can cause major damage to wastewater disposal systems. Ash deposited onto impervious surfaces such as roads and car parks is very easily washed into storm drains, where it can form intractable masses and lead to long-term flooding problems. It can also enter wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), both through sewer lines and by direct fallout. Damage to modern \\{WWTPs\\} can run into millions of dollars. Ash falls reduce visibility creating hazards for ground transportation. Dry ash is also readily remobilised by vehicle traffic and wind, and dry and wet ash deposits will reduce traction on paved surfaces, including airport runways. Ash cleanup from road and airports is commonly necessary, but the large volumes make it logistically challenging. Vehicles are vulnerable to ash; it will clog filters and brake systems and abrade moving parts within engines. Lastly, modern telecommunications networks appear to be relatively resilient to volcanic ash fall. Signal attenuation and interference during ash falls has not been reported in eruptions over the past 20years, with the exception of interference from ash plume-generated lightning. However, some telecommunications equipment is vulnerable to airborne ash, in particular heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems which may become blocked from ash ingestion leading to overheating. This summary of volcanic ash impacts on critical infrastructure provides insight into the relative vulnerability of infrastructure under a range of different ashfall scenarios. Identifying and quantifying these impacts is an essential step in building resilience within these critical systems. We have attempted to consider interdependencies between sectors in a holistic way using systems thinking. As modern society becomes increasingly complex and interdependent this

Thomas M. Wilson; Carol Stewart; Victoria Sword-Daniels; Graham S. Leonard; David M. Johnston; Jim W. Cole; Johnny Wardman; Grant Wilson; Scott T. Barnard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Layout 1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLE ROADSIDE TECHNOLOGY CORRIDOR October 2009 Issue !4 Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Office of Analysis, Research, and Technology "In about 96 percent of cases there was not a statistically significant degradation of the brakes during the FOT." (Page 1) "Nearly 64 percent of vehicles flagged by SIRIS were placed OOS, and fully 77 percent were found to exhibit one or more safety flaws." (Page 3) Brake Wear and Performance FOT The Oak Ridge National Laboratory com- pleted the Brake Wear and Performance Test (BWPT) field operation test (FOT) and data analysis in September 2009. This effort in- cluded assisting the Tennessee Department of Safety (TDOS) in the procurement and installa- tion of a Performance-Based Brake Testing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING JOURNAL OF PHYSICS D: APPLIED PHYSICS J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 38 (2005) 14021409 doi:10.1088/0022-3727/38/9/012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

belt drives, brakes, tyres and clutches in automobiles and in other machines; gears devices; robotic manipulator joints; the motion of a human knee-joint (natural or artificial) and walking

Müftü, Sinan

302

Toolbox Safety Talk Forklift Operator Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cart or hand truck instead of lifting and carrying items by hand can reduce the risk of employee back Forklift Inspection Checklist as needed. · Inspect operation of brakes, hydraulic controls, lights, back up

Pawlowski, Wojtek

303

RESEARCH ARTICLE Controlling speed and direction during interception  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Turning rate was controlled using a steering wheel and speed was controlled using a foot pedal (Wann and Land 2000), braking (Lee 1976; Yilmaz and Warren 1995), and fly ball catching (Chapman 1968

304

Robust yaw stability controller design and hardware-in-the-loop testing for a road vehicle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unsymmetrical loading on a car like mu-split braking, side wind forces, or unilateral loss of tire pressure results in unexpected yaw disturbances that require yaw stabilization either by the driver or by an automatic ...

Guvenc, Levent

305

Transportation and its Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluation of Hybrid Diesel-Electric Transit Buses - Finalof braking energy in diesel-electric vehicles (see the webCNG buses, hybrid diesel-electric buses and taxi renovation)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

MLS Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zip: 77598 Sector: Wind energy Product: Designs and makes pitch control systems for wind turbines and wind turbine brakes in US and UK under license from Antec SA. References: MLS...

307

Supertruck technologies for 55% thermal efficiency and 68% freight...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Seasons (Summer, Winter, etc.) 5 Engine Losses Urban: 58-60% Interstate: 58-59% Aerodynamic Losses Urban: 4-10% Interstate: 15-22% Inertia Braking Urban: 15-20% Interstate:...

308

Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Seasons (Summer, Winter, etc.) 5 Engine Losses Urban: 58-60% Interstate: 58-59% Aerodynamic Losses Urban: 4-10% Interstate: 15-22% Inertia Braking Urban: 15-20% Interstate:...

309

Alumni Contributions By Class Year Class of 1939 and Prior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evans Frye Juanita Wheeler Healy Retha Mae Crase Herbert Martha H. Hiebel Eunice Garcia Holmes *Carolyn Bracht Vivian L. Buckles +Rev. Annabel Brake Clark +Marie Watkins Clontz +Katherine Keen Cowan #William E

Baltisberger, Jay H.

310

Crevice volume effect on spark ignition engine efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A set of experiments and a simulation study are completed to quantify the effect of the piston crevice on engine efficiency. The simulation study breaks down the loss mechanisms on brake efficiency at different displacement ...

Smith, Patrick M. (Patrick Michael)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Section6.8.doc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9) The electric current I, in amps, in a circuit varies directly as the voltage V. When 16 ... 10) The stopping distance d of a car (in feet) after the brakes have been...

312

Tire-Wear Particles as a Source of Zinc to the Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zn (8). ThelargestanthropogenicsourcesofZntotheatmosphere are activities related to metal production fertilizer, and cement production (Table1).Znsourcestoairandwaterrelatedtotransportation activities include (11, 15), brake linings (11, 15, 16), and rubber tires (9, 12, 17). Tire-wear particles have been

313

Methanol: A Versatile Fuel for Immediate Use  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Specific fuel consumption-will certainly...necessitat-ing a larger fuel tank; but specific energy consumption (energy per...found that (i) fuel economy increased...Toyota (1900 cms engine, 85 brake horsepower...of knock and "Diesel operation...

T. B. Reed; R. M. Lerner

1973-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

314

Combustion and emission characteristics of a turbo-charged common rail diesel engine fuelled with diesel-biodiesel-DEE blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combustion and emission characteristics of a turbo-charged, common rail diesel engine fuelled with diesel-biodiesel-DEE blends were investigated. The study reports that the brake-specific fuel consumption of ...

Ni Zhang; Zuohua Huang; Xiangang Wang; Bin Zheng

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

E-Print Network 3.0 - acoustic flight tests Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

signal produced by lead brake on metalic test piece 1 To analyse the signal... ACOUSTIC EMISSION IN AEROSPACE STRUCTURES P.J. Wells W.A. Wright Advanced Information...

316

Exhaust Heat Driven Rankine Cycle for a Heavy Duty Diesel Engine...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

progress to date and plans to develop a viable Rankine engine to harness useful brake power from wasted heat energy in heavy duty truck engine exhaust deer11singh.pdf More...

317

Carbon in the atmosphere and terrestrial biosphere in the 21st century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rather than brake global warming. Keywords: climate change...and is a fingerprint of global human activity, a consequence of the combustion of coal, oil and gas that drives...dioxide increase is driving global warming, but there are other...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Maintenance Sheet for 2013 Chevrolet Volt  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0DU103929 Date Mileage Description Cost 342013 4,876 Replaced relay assembly, engine control module, and 12V battery - under warranty NC 342013 4,876 Reflashed parking brake...

319

Design and Simulation of Air Cooled Battery Thermal Management System Using Thermoelectric for a Hybrid Electric Bus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic and electric parameters of HEVs and EVs such as acceleration, regenerative braking and battery charging/discharging depend on the battery system performance. Excessive or uneven temperature rise in a modu...

Vahid Esfahanian; Saber Ahmadi Renani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Overview of the Advanced Combustion Engine R&D  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

high-efficiency engines using hydrocarbon-based (petroleum and non-petroleum) fuels and hydrogen Light-Duty Heavy-Duty 2010 2015 2015 2018 Engine brake thermal efficiency 45% 50%...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Vibration Isolation of a Locomotive Mounted Energy Storage Flywheel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilizing flywheels to store and reuse energy from regenerative braking on locomotives is a new technology being developed in the Vibration Control and Electromechanics Lab at Texas A&M. This thesis focuses on the motion analysis of a locomotive...

Zhang, Xiaohua

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

322

Vehicles | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

renewable and alternative fuels. Advanced vehicles and fuels can also put the brakes on air pollution and improve our environment. At least 250 million vehicles are in use in the...

323

Decentralized electric drives in the automobile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Decentralized control units and electric motors for brake assistant, engine management, climate control system, or chassis stabilization are already being used to control a variety of functions in the vehicle....

Andreas Rau

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Two Suicidal Fatalities Due to the Ingestion of Chlorfenvinphos Formulations: Simultaneous Determination of the Pesticide and the Petroleum Distillates in Tissues by Gas ChromatographyFlame-Ionization Detection and Gas ChromatographyMass Spectrometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......multiple containers containing automobile products nearby. The stomach...brake fluid, oil, and other automobile products nearby. The autopsy...were homogenized using an electric mixer blender model Ultraturrax...multiple containers containing automobile products nearby. The stomach......

Mara A. Martnez; Salom Ballesteros

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

LANL debuts hybrid garbage truck  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hybrid garbage truck LANL debuts hybrid garbage truck The truck employs a system that stores energy from braking and uses that pressure to help the truck accelerate after each...

326

Maintenance Records for 2010 Ford Fusion vin#4757  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ford Fusion VIN 3FADP0L34AR144757 Date Mileage Description Cost 1142010 6,330 Changed oil and filter and inspected brake system 46.83 2112010 12,302 Changed oil and filter...

327

Maintenance Records for 2010 Toyota Prius vin#0462  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DU2A5010462 Date Mileage Description Cost 11232009 5,935 Changed oil and filter, rotated tires, and inspected brakes 31.75 12182009 13,330 Changed oil and filter and inspected...

328

Maintenance Records for 2010 Honda Insight EX vin 0141  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Insight EX VIN JHMZE2H78AS010141 Date Mileage Description Cost 12102009 5,947 Changed oil and filter and inspected brake system 30.44 252010 11,011 Changed oil and filter and...

329

Chapter 9 -Forklift Operations Forklift Operations Safety Rules  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, or hazardous locations. 19. Operators should not put their fingers, arms, or legs between the uprights that horn, lights, brakes, tires, gas supply, hydraulic lines, etc. are in safe working condition. Employees

330

Motorized control for mirror mount apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motorized control and automatic braking system for adjusting mirror mount apparatus is disclosed. The motor control includes a planetary gear arrangement to provide improved pitch adjustment capability while permitting a small packaged design. The motor control for mirror mount adjustment is suitable for laser beam propagation applications. The brake is a system of constant contact, floating detents which engage the planetary gear at selected between-teeth increments to stop rotation instantaneously when the drive motor stops.

Cutburth, Ronald W. (Tracy, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Note: Index has not been updated to reflect revisions to Chapters 2, 5 and new 11. AASHTO Green Book, 3-21 ballistic, 3-8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 6-20 aging eyes, 3-16 air pollutant levels, 7-15 air pollutants, 7-13, 7-14 air pollution, 7-13 air-8 bifurcation behavior, 5-15 acceleration control, 3-24 block length, average, 6-20, 6-20, 6-22 acceleration-36 adaptive signals, 9-19 brake and carburetion systems, 7-8 adaptive signal control, 9-27 braking inputs, 3

Bertini, Robert L.

332

Electric vehicle drive train with contactor protection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A drive train for an electric vehicle includes a traction battery, a power drive circuit, a main contactor for connecting and disconnecting the traction battery and the power drive circuit, a voltage detector across contacts of the main contactor, and a controller for controlling the main contactor to prevent movement of its contacts to the closed position when the voltage across the contacts exceeds a predetermined threshold, to thereby protect the contacts of the contactor. The power drive circuit includes an electric traction motor and a DC-to-AC inverter with a capacitive input filter. The controller also inhibits the power drive circuit from driving the motor and thereby discharging the input capacitor if the contacts are inadvertently opened during motoring. A precharging contactor is controlled to charge the input filter capacitor prior to closing the main contactor to further protect the contacts of the main contactor.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Benson, Ralph A. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Second Interview with Sir Eli Lauterpacht - 7 March 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was greatly disturbed by the awful American accent that I had acquired, which was not a genteel New England accent, but much of the worst of Brooklyn and the Bronx combined in it. So I was just shut up in my room each day and told to listen to the wireless... themselves shareholders in the Barcelona Traction Company. The Barcelona Traction Company had, as it name suggests, major interests in the electricity industry in Barcelona and thereabouts. They had lost their assets to the machinations of quite a...

Dingle, Lesley; Bates, Daniel

2008-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

334

An automated virtual tool to compute the entire set of proportional integral derivative controllers for a continuous linear time invariant system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many... being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many...

Narasimhan, Bharat

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

335

An automated virtual tool to compute the entire set of proportional integral derivative controllers for a continuous linear time invariant system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many... being widely used in both the industry and the academia alike. The GUI was then used in an application for designing PID controllers of High Speed Flywheel for Traction Applications [5]. B. Organization of Thesis In the following part of the thesis many...

Narasimhan, Bharat

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Response surface methodology based prediction of engine performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with canola oil methyl ester  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of fuel injection timing and engine speed on engine performance and exhaust emission parameters using a diesel engine running on canola oil methyl ester (COME). COME was produced by means of the transesterification method and tested at full load with various engine speeds by changing fuel injection timing (12 15 and 18?CA) in a turbocharged direct injection (TDI) diesel engine. The experiments were designed using response surface methodology (RSM) which is one of the well-known design of experiment technique for predicting the responses engine performance and exhaust emission parameters from a second order polynomial equation obtained by modeling the relation between fuel injection timing (t) and engine speed (n) parameters. By using the second order full quadratic RSM models obtained from experimental results responses brake power brake torque brake mean effective pressure brake specific fuel consumption brake thermal efficiency exhaust gas temperature oxygen (O2) oxides of nitrogen (NOx) carbon dioxide (CO2) carbon monoxide (CO) and light absorption coefficient (K) affected from factors t and n were able to be predicted by 95% confidence interval.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

EV America Skid Test Procedure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 2 Revision 1 Effective June 2008 Traction System Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Garrett P. Beauregard Approved by: ______________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald B. Karner Procedure ETA-GTP002 Revision 1 2 Table of Contents 1 Objective ..................................................................................................................... 3 2 Purpose........................................................................................................................ 3 3 Documentation............................................................................................................

338

Ecosystem-Service Science and the Way Forward for Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and enjoying traction in places where ethical argu- ments for biodiversity conservation are given short shriftEditorial Ecosystem-Service Science and the Way Forward for Conservation Conservation biology began life as a crisis discipline, its central tenet to understand and help reverse losses of biodiversity

Vermont, University of

339

232 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, VOL. 17, NO. 2, MARCH 2002 Current Control Strategy for Brushless DC Motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in- duction motors, and brushless permanent magnet motors do not have brushes, and their rotors type is complex and so- phisticated. The development of brushless permanent magnet machines [3]­[5] has of brushless permanent magnet machines for traction applications are the most popular: 1) permanent magnet

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

340

Method of Evaluating the Zero-Sequence Inductance Ratio for Electrical Luis De Sousa, IEEE member  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

concerning the electrical machine design. Keywords Zero-sequence machine, mutual inductance, permanent magnet-phase machine with electrically independent phases. From a magnetic point of view, some couplings between phases shaft cannot move during the battery charge. In traction mode, the grid is not connected to the EM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MISSISSAUGA SCHOOL OF CONTINUING STUDIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LEED AP and PMP credentials, also holds degrees in Applied Physics and in Mechanical Engineering. He is Program Manager, Building Revitalization for PCL Constructors Canada Inc. #12;UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO SCHOOL professionals upgrading their knowledge and skills to gain traction in Canada. � People who are underemployed

Toronto, University of

342

VOL. 31, NO. 3 SPRING 2005 he National Science Foundation awarded Electrical and Computer Engineering Assistant Professor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the design of machines and actuators. Integration of modern optimization and design techniques is urgently consumption of traction motors and their design methods. In addition, Muetze will integrate these modern award T he FireSite, a transmitter/receiver system designed to guide firefighters out of smoke

Sheridan, Jennifer

343

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control Realization for an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (IPMSM) in Automotive Drive Trains Wilhelm Peters, Tobias Huber, Joachim Böcker Power Electronics and Electrical Drives, Paderborn automotive traction drives are a wide speed range, a wide constant-power operation range and high efficiency

Paderborn, Universität

344

International Truck & Bus Meeting & Exhibition, Fort Worth, TX, November 2003. 2003-01-3369  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a "Direct Hybrid" powertrain system [1], which integrates an advanced diesel engine, an electric traction System Development for an Advanced-Technology Medium-Duty Hybrid Electric Truck Chan-Chiao Lin, Huei Peng for a medium-duty hybrid electric truck are reported in this paper. The design procedure adopted is a model

Peng, Huei

345

Liver Catalase and Tumor Inhibition by Urinary Extracts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a given membrane and water outside. With a membrane...polypeptides by means of electrodialysis. In addition, we have...to distill any more water. The additions to the...ex-tractions, by a third treatment with equal volumes of...against running tap water for 3 hours, during...

CONSTANCE B. BROWN; C. L. WALTERS

1957-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

346

CX-010973: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced Low-Cost Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction... CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/16/2013 Location(s): Arkansas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

347

CX-011468: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced Low-Cost Silicon-Carbide (SiC) and Gallium-Nitride (GaN) Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction... CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 10/29/2013 Location(s): Michigan Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

348

CX-010974: Categorical Exclusion Determination  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced Low-Cost Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction... CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/16/2013 Location(s): Arkansas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

349

Journal of Elasticity 75: 187192, 2004. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The Gravitational Potential The basic law of Newtonian gravitation states that two particles of mass m1, m2 in the Netherlands. 187 Stresses in a Half Space Due to Newtonian Gravitation J.R. BARBER Department of Mechanical z > 0 with a traction-free surface experiencing gravitational attraction to an arbitrarily shaped

Barber, James R.

350

1756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 55, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2006 Electric Motor Drive Selection Issues for HEV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1756 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 55, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2006 Electric Motor Drive--Comparison, electric propulsion, hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). I. INTRODUCTION SELECTION of traction motors for hybrid of electric motors adopted or under serious consideration for HEVs as well as for EVs include the dc motor

351

Simplified Sensorless Control for BLDC Motor, Using DSP Technology Juan W. Dixon, Matas Rodrguez and Rodrigo Huerta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(BLDC) motor for electric vehicle applications. To control this machine it is generally required: electric drive, brushless motor, control system, drive. 1. Introduction In electric traction, like in other applications, a wide range in speed and torque control for the electric motor is desired. The DC machine

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

352

2286 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, VOL. 55, NO. 6, JUNE 2008 Modeling, Analysis, and Neural Network Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dynamics and stability when there are no differential gears. Using two in-wheel electric motors makes), induction motor, neural networks, speed estimation, traction control. I. INTRODUCTION RECENTLY, electric attractive potential. Since electric motors and inverters are utilized in drive systems, they have great

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

353

Cooperative coupling of cell-matrix and cellcell adhesions in cardiac muscle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Photolithography and Microcontact Printing. Photolithographic masks for microcontact printing (1) were designed in AutoCAD (Autodesk Inc.). One mask consisted of rectangles 12 m wide and 40 ZZQQhy160 m long. The second mask, which was used for all traction...

Megan L. McCain; Hyungsuk Lee; Yvonne Aratyn-Schaus; Andr G. Klber; Kevin Kit Parker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Feasibility of Thermoelectrics for Waste Heat Recovery in Hybrid Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using advanced materials, thermoelectric conversion of efficiencies on the order of 20% may be possible in the near future. Thermoelectric generators offer potential to increase vehicle fuel economy by recapturing a portion of the waste heat from the engine exhaust and generating electricity to power vehicle accessory or traction loads.

Smith, K.; Thornton, M.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

UNM engineering s p r i N g 2 0 0 6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

't new at all. Fuel cells, which use electrochemical processes to turn chemical energy in hydrogen gas power some cars. Still, fuel cells haven't gained traction as a primary power source because of the lack from the grid--with a fuel cell, you'd pay somewhere between $1--$10 per kilowatt. It's a reasonable

New Mexico, University of

356

Pinned it! A Large Scale Study of the Pinterest Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pinterest is an image-based online social network, which was launched in the year 2010 and has gained a lot of traction, ever since. Within 3 years, Pinterest has attained 48.7 million unique users. This stupendous growth makes it interesting to study ... Keywords: Classification, Online social networks, Pin

Sudip Mittal, Neha Gupta, Prateek Dewan, Ponnurangam Kumaraguru

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Mechanical responsiveness of the endothelial cell of Schlemm's canal: scope, variability and its potential role in controlling aqueous humour outflow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...considerable traction forces (figure 1 c,d), with a root mean square (r...contractile responses (figure 2 a,c), and relaxing responses (figure...tb05954.x ) 80 Johnson, M. , A. Shapiro, C. R. Ethier, and R. D. Kamm 1992...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

[News and Views  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... miles of steel-core aluminium conductors used in the transmission. The distance between consecutive traction substations on the main line is twelve miles. The pressure of transmission is 95 kilovolts, ... transmission is 95 kilovolts, and this is transformed into 560 volts at the open-air substations and then converted into 1500 volts direct current by rotary machines connected in series. ...

1931-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

359

[News and Views  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... . In America, the method of converting alternating current into direct current in the automatic substations is to use machinery of the rotating converter type. In Europe the use of ... development of the ironclad rectifier for traction use, as reflected in its applications in converting substations on the Continent, was described. Since the War, the use of rectifiers in ...

1931-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

360

A Five-Level Three-Phase Hybrid Cascade Multilevel Inverter Using a Single DC Source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Five-Level Three-Phase Hybrid Cascade Multilevel Inverter Using a Single DC Source for a PM to construct a 3-phase 5-level cascade multilevel inverter to be used as a drive for a PM traction motor. The 5-level inverter consists of a standard 3-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series

Tolbert, Leon M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

1 Copyright 2003 by ASME Proceedings of DETC' 03  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2102 kazu@engin.umich.edu ABSTRACT Passenger vehicle to satisfy within reasonable ranges of design parameters. Vehicle traction performance and overall cost1 Copyright © 2003 by ASME Proceedings of DETC' 03 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences

Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

362

A self-reconfigurable and fault-tolerant induction motor control architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Index Terms-- Fault tolerant, induction motor drive, hy- brid electric vehicule, observers. I the major requirements of automotive electric traction [1]. Several failures afflict electrical motor drives electric vehicles M. Hilairet, D. Diallo and M.E.H. Benbouzid Abstract-- This paper describes an adaptive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

Overmodulation in Current Controlled Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

220 Chapter 5 Overmodulation in Current Controlled Drives 5.1 Introduction The performance of voltage feedforward controlled constant V f PWM-VSI drives is insu cient for most industrial processes performance control methods. Electric traction, el- evators, textile machines, paper and plastic machines

Hava, Ahmet

364

What does it mean to be enhanced?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, I attempt to question the very idea of "enhancement" itself. Given the tool-using nature of human beings, does the idea of enhancement have any critical traction, when it could be argued that all tool use is an attempt to enhance experience? ... Keywords: artefacts, enhancement, recursion, transhumanism

Ryan Wittingslow

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Energy Dilemmas in Asia: The Needs for Research and Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dropower (and possibly wind power) to more flexibility...vegetables, fruits, and fish. Larger batch Norway...inputs and harvests between farms and markets; and (iv...future. Traction for farm machinery is provided...Tewari, "Economics of wind energy use for irrigtion...

Roger Revelle

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

366

Balancing Energy and Food Production, 1975-2000  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of these three fuels, natural gas has...three main fossil fuels coal has the most...power-driven pumps, and engine-powered traction...per capita energy consumption in the United States...from the system) of diesel fuel of around $550 per...

W. J. Chancellor; J. R. Goss

1976-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

367

Notes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the Government of New South Wales, which has supplied all the boring plant free of cost, and by the munificent gift from Miss Walker, of Sydney, of 500l., ... The Birmingham Corporation Waterworks,"by Mr. Henry Davey;. "High Speed Self-lubricating Steam Engines,"by Mr. Alfred Morcom: "Mechanical Features of Electric Traction,"by Mr. Philip ...

1897-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Polynomial Translation of S4 into T and Contraction?Free Tableaux for S4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......to pro vide an alternativ e translation of K? in to K ? p olynomial in the size of the input? In fact? it su?ces to pro ceed as w e did in dealing with the con traction? elimination issue in S? ? namely? ?? P olynomial ly transform the input set......

Serenella Cerrito; Marta Cialdea Mayer

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Energy Dilemmas in Asia: The Needs for Research and Development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...has dropower (and possibly wind power) to more flexibility...inputs and harvests between farms and markets; and (iv) in...in the future. Traction for farm machinery is provided by live-stock...K. Tewari, "Economics of wind energy use for irrigtion in...

Roger Revelle

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

370

Giant field-induced strains in magnetoactive elastomer composites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the uniaxial stretch , forces the microstructure to...magnetic field, a traction force is required to keep the...magnetostriction. At a more fundamental level, the results of...composite. (a) Attractive forces between dipoles induced...earth-Fe2 compounds. In Handbook of ferromagnetic materials...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

THE SITE OF ACTION OF PENTAGASTRIN-INDUCED INHIBITION OF THE RETICULUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, B, A sequence, the initial infusion being randomly via the jugular or the carotid. Infusion-induced decrease in the fre- quency of reticular contractions. The effect of carotid infusions on the frequency of con- traction was always more than that of jugu- lar infusions (fig. 11.). The effect of the infu

Boyer, Edmond

372

Balancing Energy and Food Production, 1975-2000  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...resources to enhance fundamental human productiv-ity...are the hydrologic cycle (using about 23...power-driven pumps, and engine-powered traction...from the system) of diesel fuel of around...in the hydrologic cycle. 2. This article...key points in their cycles. It is my purpose...

W. J. Chancellor; J. R. Goss

1976-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

373

Comparative Statistical Techniques in Maintenance Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......times written as tt general, due to possible failure ties...Both can be expressed by the general formula for linear rank statistics...intensively used passenger diesel-electric locomotives. The type I overhaul consists of the engine's removal from the traction......

G. A. BOHORIS; D. M. WALLEY

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Stretch-activated ion channel Piezo1 directs lineage choice in human neural stem cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...inhibited by the traction force inhibitor blebbistatin (50 {mu...polyacrylamide or methacrylamide chitosan as supporting material (8, 16, 17), we wondered...ion channels and the peptide inhibitor GsMTx-4: History, properties, mechanisms...cytokinesis with a myosin II Inhibitor . Science 299 ( 5613 ): 1743...

Medha M. Pathak; Jamison L. Nourse; Truc Tran; Jennifer Hwe; Janahan Arulmoli; Dai Trang T. Le; Elena Bernardis; Lisa A. Flanagan; Francesco Tombola

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

A continuing investigation into the stress field around two parallet-edge cracks in a finite body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,7 ........................................................................................... 5 2.1 Two Parallel Edge Cracks in a Four Point Bending Member.............................. 7 2.2 Westergaard Stress Functions and Resulting Stress Intensity Factors for a Crack with Applied Tractions Along Its Faces... .................................................................... 31 4.2 Mesh Created for Numerical Model (Zoomed in on Crack Interaction Region) ............................................................................................. 32 5.1 Open Mode Stress Intensity Factor Percent...

Gilman, Justin Patrick

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

376

An Environmental Re-interpretation of the Permian Evaporite/Carbonate Shelf Sediments of the Guadalupe Mountains  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...direction of Robert Folk. Material assistance was freely provided by the...and Willis Tyrrell. Generous financial support was provided by the...the lack of traction cur- rent structures in the quartz siltsand...oolites from the Ordovician of Minnesota: Jour. Sed. Pe- trology...

377

Introduction That fracture is governed by processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction That fracture is governed by processes occurring over a wide range of length scales has been recognized since the earli- est developments of modern fracture me- chanics. Griffith's study by several decades the first at- tempts to apply atomistically grounded traction-separation laws to fracture

Beltz, Glenn E.

378

Rectangular Parallelepiped Vibration in Plane Strain State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a vibration spectrum of a homogenous parallelepiped (HP) under the action of volume and surface forces resulting from the exponent displacements entering the Fourier transforms. Vibration under the action of axial surface tractions and the free vibration are described separately. A relationship between the high frequency vibration and boundary conditions (BC) is also considered.

Jerzy Hanckowiak

2004-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

379

Effects of densitometry, material mapping and load estimation uncertainties on the accuracy of patient-specific finite-element models of the scapula  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...namely 90 abduction and 90 flexion, were applied on the geometry of the scapula as traction...movements. The boundary conditions were applied at three points within the bone geometry...strain distributions resulting from the applied musculoskeletal loads (figure 1 c) were...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Discrete-Time Model of an IPMSM Based on Variational Integrators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as automobile traction drives for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. Since motor control is commonly-Bl¨obaum2, Oliver Wallscheid1, Christoph Romaus1, Joachim B¨ocker1 1 Power Electronics and Electrical Drives's hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) and electric vehicles (EV). In this application field it is state

Paderborn, Universität

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

To be submitted to Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics From the onset of damage to rupture: construction of responses with damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To be submitted to Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics From the onset of damage to rupture: construction of responses with damage localization for a general class of gradient damage models Kim Pham solutions for the traction problem of an elastic damaging bar. This bar has a softening behavior which obeys

Boyer, Edmond

382

A computational linear elastic fracture mechanics-based model for alkali-silica reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It is visible through superficial cracking and expansion. Resistance to traction is also affected. The ASR gels after. The simple rule used to sum the contributions of different elementary volumes to macroscopic- sponding to the accelerated expansion test ASTM C 1260. The decrease of the concrete's resistance and its

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

383

A computational linear elastic fracture mechanics-based model for alkali-silica reaction Laurent Charpin,a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/or superficial cracking of macro- scopic parts. Resistance to traction is much more affected than resistance with existing ones. Then follow the description of the considered elementary volume and the computation the contributions of different elementary volumes to macroscopic expansion comes next. Later, we explain which

Boyer, Edmond

384

Physics and mathematics at the frontier  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in an attempt to understand nuclear forces, has emerged in recent...our most energetic particle accelerators. The fact that this number...gravity becomes as strong as the nuclear force, will be of crucial...fields, the sub- traction of vacuum expectation values and other...

David J. Gross

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

By Bruce Goldman tanford biochemist James Spudich, PhD, has been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

since 1975. At his Pacific Ocean vacation home there's a private runway within walking distance from his that drive our skeletal muscle con- tractions and heartbeats, enable our cells to divide, and power at age 6 when he got his first chemistry set, Spudich found ingenious ways to figure out how cells

Bogyo, Matthew

386

Actes du colloque, 27-31 mai 2002, Garoua, Cameroun Jamin J.Y., Seiny Boukar L., Floret C. (diteurs scientifiques),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy allows increasing cultivated area per farm and income diversification. Until now, because of poor. Cotton companies have largely contributed to promote animal traction for cotton and food crops. Animal energy is especially used for plowing, secondarily for maintenance operations and transports. It allows

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

387

Livestock waste treatment systems for environmental quality, food safety, and sustainability.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the sustainability of agricultural systems by: (i) utilizing crop residues and other feeds which were not used and otherwise would be lost, and; (iii) for the poorest regions of the world, providing traction for cultivation, supply for energy production or home construction (dried cowpat). However, the price of goods produce

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

388

Numerical methods for extracting edge stress intensity functions in anisotropic three-dimensional domains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) depending on the given body forces and tractions on the other hand. The eigen-pairs (eigen-values and eigen domains is provided in many prior publications [21,12,9,2]. A semi-analytic approach for the eigen domains in the vicinity of an edge is represented by a family of eigen-functions (similar to 2-D domains

Yosibash, Zohar

389

Hybrid: Overview  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

390

TMV Technology Capabilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TMV Technology Capabilities TMV Technology Capabilities Brake Stroke Monitor Brake monitoring systems are proactive maintenance systems that provide instant identification of wheel specific, out-of-adjustment, non-functioning or dragging brake issues. AC Shore Power Since the TMV is equipped with DC power in-vehicle, shore power is needed to 1) charge the batteries that supply power to those outlets and 2) be used when running off battery power is not necessary FMCSA Laptop The laptop contains key software which helps enforcement officials perform inspections, look up information, etc. This computer also contains software for the USDOT # reader. Electronic On-Board Recorder EOBRs remove the need for paper logs by automatically recording duty status and location. EOBRs help

391

Rubber friction and tire dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a simple rubber friction law, which can be used, e.g., in models of tire (and vehicle) dynamics. The friction law is tested by comparing numerical results to the full rubber friction theory (B.N.J. Persson, J. Phys.: Condensed Matter 18, 7789 (2006)). Good agreement is found between the two theories. We describe a two-dimensional (2D) tire model which combines the rubber friction model with a simple mass-spring description of the tire body. The tire model is very flexible and can be used to calculate accurate mu-slip (and the self-aligning torque) curves for braking and cornering or combined motion (e.g., braking during cornering). We present numerical results which illustrate the theory. Simulations of Anti-Blocking System (ABS) braking are performed using two simple control algorithms.

B. N. J. Persson

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

392

Prediction of torque and specific fuel consumption of a gasoline engine by using artificial neural networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study presents an artificial neural network (ANN) model to predict the torque and brake specific fuel consumption of a gasoline engine. An explicit ANN based formulation is developed to predict torque and brake specific fuel consumption of a gasoline engine in terms of spark advance, throttle position and engine speed. The proposed ANN model is based on experimental results. Experimental studies were completed to obtain training and testing data. Of all 81 data sets, the training and testing sets consisted of randomly selected 63 and 18 sets, respectively. An ANN model based on a back-propagation learning algorithm for the engine was developed. The performance and an accuracy of the proposed ANN model are found satisfactory. This study demonstrates that ANN is very efficient for predicting the engine torque and brake specific fuel consumption. Moreover, the proposed ANN model is presented in explicit form as a mathematical function.

Necla Kara Togun; Sedat Baysec

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Assessment of the fuel magnetisation capacity to improve fuel economy and enhance performance in a four-stroke SI engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we investigate the effect of fuel magnetisation on the overall performance of a four-stroke Spark Ignition (SI) engine. To achieve this objective, we have designed a set of experiments using the Mitsubishi 1.5 L (4G15) SI engine. Each experiment is performed in two phases: with and without the fuel magnetisation. The collected data was analysed to assess the overall performance of the engine at several operating conditions. Our study shows that fuel magnetiser can enhance the overall performance of a typical SI engine. However, the enhancement greatly depends on the operating condition of the engine. Specifically, the best-observed performance enhancement in the tested engine owing to the usage of the fuel magnetiser was to reduce the Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) by 9% increase the Brake Power (BP) by 9% and boost the brake thermal efficiency (?b) from 29% to 31%.

Raed Kafafy; Wajdi Bin Ali; Waleed Faris

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Heel and toe driving on fuel cell vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method for providing nearly instantaneous power in a fuel cell vehicle. The method includes monitoring the brake pedal angle and the accelerator pedal angle of the vehicle, and if the vehicle driver is pressing both the brake pedal and the accelerator pedal at the same time and the vehicle is in a drive gear, activating a heel and toe mode. When the heel and toe mode is activated, the speed of a cathode compressor is increased to a predetermined speed set-point, which is higher than the normal compressor speed for the pedal position. Thus, when the vehicle brake is removed, the compressor speed is high enough to provide enough air to the cathode, so that the stack can generate nearly immediate power.

Choi, Tayoung; Chen, Dongmei

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

395

Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar button highlighted Starting Button Cruising Button Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar OVERVIEW Hybrid-electric vehicles combine the benefits of gasoline engines and electric motors to provide improved fuel economy. The engine provides most of the vehicle's power, and the electric motor provides additional power when needed, such as for accelerating and passing. This allows a smaller, more-efficient engine to be used. The electric power for the motor is generated from regenerative braking and from the gasoline engine, so hybrids don't have to be "plugged in" to an electrical outlet to recharge. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

396

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology MTDC Safety Sensor Technology Background Beyond the standard duty cycle data collection system used in the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle program, additional sensors were installed on three test vehicles to collect several safety-related signals of interest to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. The real-time brake stroke, tire pressure, and weight information obtained from these sensors is expected to make possible a number of safety-related analyses such as determining the frequency and severity of braking events and tracking tire pressure changes over time. Because these signals are posted to the vehicle's databus, they also have the potential to be

397

Vendor / Technology A  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electronic Machines Corporation Electronic Machines Corporation Smart Infrared Inspection System Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Safety Technology Showcase October 14, 2010 Commercial Motor Vehicle Roadside Technology Corridor Smart Infrared Inspection System (SIRIS) * Grant for a demonstration of thermal imaging technologies - Identify, in real time, faults and failures in tires, brakes and bearings mounted on commercial motor vehicles - Employ system along the interstate - Explore whether statistical tools can be developed that can predict impending tire, brake, or bearing failures SIRIS - Details * $1.4 M Research Grant * 3-year Project * Grant competitively awarded September 2006 to IEM, Inc. of Troy, NY * Supplemental $500K from NYSERDA for improved high

398

An evaluation of the mixing and oxygen transfer occurring in a deep aeration basin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, they often do not specify what type of power . Yunt defines four tvpes o f hor sepower for turbine aer ation systems. They are: (a) wire horsepower, (b) motor brake horsepower, (c) gearbox 'bnake horsepower, and ( d) delivered horsepower . Wir e ho..., they often do not specify what type of power . Yunt defines four tvpes o f hor sepower for turbine aer ation systems. They are: (a) wire horsepower, (b) motor brake horsepower, (c) gearbox 'bnake horsepower, and ( d) delivered horsepower . Wir e ho...

Andrews, Donald Craig

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

399

Author's personal copy Research article  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of heavy metals [23]. Glutathione reductase (GR) is the enzyme that, in conjunction with NADPH, catalyzes to heavy metal stresses have been the subject of several studies [9,21,31]. Srivas- tava et al. [27] found brake fern) accumulates large amounts of arsenic in its fronds without showing toxicity symptoms [19

Ma, Lena

400

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C9, supplCment au Journal de Physique 111, Volume 3, dtcembre 1993  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosion during gasification of biomass and waste Rikard Kallstrom Studsvik Material AB, 61182 Nycoping oxychlorides, which easily brake the scale. During gasification of waste the situation is even worse, Sweden Abstract. - The gasificationof biomass and waste results in severe atmospheric corrosion con

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

ABIKE COMMUTER has a lot to consider before leaving for work. What route to take, considering hills and traffic?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, merely requiring the driver to shift his foot from gas pedal to brake, perhaps change gears, and more than 100 watts of propulsion power, or about what it takes to power a reading lamp. At 100 watts generate far more power than that (up to perhaps 500 watts for a racing cyclist, equivalent to the amount

Fajans, Joel

402

Ris6 Report No. 143 Danish Atomic Energy Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the reference (inching mode); in addition the motors brake rapidly because of the permanent magnetization-speed motion. #12;. 2 . Table of Contents Pftge Introduction 3 General Description 3 Shaft Digitiser 3 Decoder the reflected decimal code from the shaft digitizer either to decimal form or to binary-coded decimal

403

Yaw stability control design through a mixed sensitivity approach V. Cerone, M. Milanese, D. Regruto  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

which aims at enhancing the vehicle yaw stability is the Vehicle Dynamics Control system (VDC). Indeed systems is to compensate for the driver's inadequacy and generate a control yaw moment through either steering or braking control inputs or both. VDC system directly controls yaw moment by generating

Regruto, Diego

404

VEHICLE DYNAMICS CONTROL WITH ROLLOVER PREVENTION FOR ARTICULATED HEAVY TRUCKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in controlling vehicle yaw response. In this paper, a VDC system that improves yaw, lateral, and roll stability. The Vehicle Dynamics Control system (VDC) actively brakes individual wheels to directly influence vehicle yaw to generate a stabilizing yaw moment. VDC systems are typically designed so that application of differential

Peng, Huei

405

The Centre for Power Transmission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the stability of the system. Stability investigations Investigations into the effect of yaw inertia have been the efficacy of the Al- Ko automatic braking system, designed to aid the driver during an emergency, when the principles of yaw inertia at public events. In addition to this, a computer training `game' has been

Burton, Geoffrey R.

406

Demonstration of a Large Dissipative Haptic Environment Mike Vande Weghe1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a spherical coordinate system ( ,,r ), while three free DOF built into the handle assembly allow for roll, pitch, and yaw rotations of the user's hand with respect to the endpoint. The device is intended for the full torque load, the design uses smaller, lighter brakes in conjunction with low-mass cable reduction

Matsuoka, Yoky

407

Operating Systems Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the environment" 4 Introduction (2) ¿ Examples of real-time systems: ¿ plant control ¿ control of production systems ¿ space missions ¿ household appliances ¿ virtual / augmented reality #12;3 5 Introduction (3 of application: ¿ Automotive: · power-train control, air-bag control, steer by wire, brake by wire ¿ Aircraft

Bogliolo, Alessandro

408

Associate Professor Visiting Scholar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficient and environment friendly compared with conventional vehicles that are powered by internal optimization of the power sources and the recovery of vehicle kinetic energy during braking and coasting the algorithms for the operation control and optimization of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle 4 . Based

Mi, Chunting "Chris"

409

Proceedingsof the American Control Conference Chicago, Illinois June 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, engine clutch, CVT, electric motor, lead-acid battery, vehicle driveline, hydraulic brakes powertrain [3]. Parallel Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) are HEVs configured such that the electric motor of the vehicle's power ultimately comes from fuel. The battery is recharged by using the electric motor

Peng, Huei

410

ORIGINAL ARTICLE The Effect of Foot and Ankle Prosthetic Components on  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORIGINAL ARTICLE The Effect of Foot and Ankle Prosthetic Components on Braking and Propulsive, Neptune RR, Walden JG, Rogers WE, Bosker GW. The effect of foot and ankle pros- thetic components-9. Objective: To assess the influence of energy storage and return (ESAR) prosthetic feet and multi-axis ankles

411

SOONER MAGAZINE22 33 thousand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic on Boyd Street, lead- ing straight to the University of Oklahoma's front door, was backed up for blocks. Such an impressive showing of brake lights and turn sig- nals usually was reserved for Satur a gridiron magnet. On this chilly No- vember evening, however, the spot- light was not on the exalted Owen

Oklahoma, University of

412

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology Beyond the standard duty cycle data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MTDC Safety Sensor Technology Background Beyond the standard duty cycle data collection system used in the Department of Energy's Medium Truck Duty Cycle program, additional sensors were installed on three test Administration. The real-time brake stroke, tire pressure, and weight information obtained from these sensors

413

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Entry, DEscEnt, anD LanDing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) TA09-6 1.1.1. Rigid Thermal Protection Systems (TPS) (cross cutting with TA05-Thermal Management) TA09-8 1.1.2. Flexible Thermal Protection Systems (cross cutting with TA05-Thermal Management) TA09-9 1 the atmosphere of a body for aerocapture or aero- braking (just "E"), landing on small or large bod- ies

Waliser, Duane E.

414

Manfred Huber 2011 1 Reasoning with Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logic - Applications Many everyday applications use Fuzzy Logic control Microwaves ABS brakes Camera Huber 2011 6 Fuzzy Inference (Control) Fuzzy Logic uses logic inference rules and defuzzification© Manfred Huber 2011 1 Reasoning with Uncertainty Fuzzy Logic #12;© Manfred Huber 2011 2 Fuzzy

Huber, Manfred

415

Urban Geochemistry:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...index.html With the rise in the use of diesel fuels, sulfate deposition was accompanied...in private gardens, and the mechanical wear of automobile parts (tires, brakes...polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the marine sediments of the Gulf of Naples estuary...

Stefano Albanese; Domenico Cicchella

416

Motor Pool Department The Motor Pool Department is responsible for the maintenance of over 550 Georgia Tech state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and equipment, including filter, oil change, antifreeze, brakes, etc. · Provide road call services to Georgia. · Provide fleet management to Georgia Tech's state owned vehicles, LSVs and equipment; including Inventory and maintaining an inventory. · Customers are required to complete a service request form when bringing

417

Combustion joining of refractory materials: Carboncarbon composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Honeywell Aerospace, South Bend, Indiana 46628 Alexander S. Shteinberg ALOFT, Berkeley, California 94708 that manufacture C­C components, such as Honeywell Aerospace (South Bend, IN).3 For example, through C­C joining, Honeywell Aerospace could perform a refurbishment of the carbon brakes by bonding a new thin C­C element

Mukasyan, Alexander

418

Analysis and Design of a Novel Three-Level LLCC Inverter Supplying an Airborne Piezoelectric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Design of a Novel Three-Level LLCC Inverter Supplying an Airborne Piezoelectric Brake on the investigation of a novel single-phase three-level PWM inverter in the kW power range, feeding a high power multi suit best to the needs of ultrasonic motors has been conducted. A resonant inverter with LLCC

Paderborn, Universität

419

An experimental investigation of high performance natural gas engine with direct injection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents experimental results of a new compressed natural gas direct injection (CNG-DI) engine that has been developed from modification of a multi cylinder gasoline port injection (PI) engine. The original gasoline-PI engine was also modified to a CNG bi-fuel system. The test results obtained from CNG fuel using two different systems (i.e. bi-fuel and DI) have been investigated and compared with the original gasoline engine. The objective of this investigation is to compare the test results between CNG-DI, with CNG-BI and gasoline-PI engines with the same displacement volume. It was found that the CNG-DI engine produces similar brake power at 6000rpm and wide open throttle (WOT) but produces higher brake power at part load condition as compared to the original gasoline. The CNG-BI engine produces 23% lower brake power than the CNG-DI engine. The average brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) of the CNG-DI engine was 0.28% and 8% lower than gasoline-PI and CNG-BI engines respectively. The CNG-DI engine reduces 42% \\{NOx\\} emission as compared to the base engine. However, the CNG-DI engine produces higher HC and CO emissions as compared to the base engine. This paper discusses a review on the direct injection (DI) natural gas engine with new information along with other investigations.

M.A. Kalam; H.H. Masjuki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE STATE OF SCIENCE IN AMERICA DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...part of the curriculum. The bills for purchase of scientific...essential. Both have as their materials the "thoughts of God," but...experiments such vessels, materials, and instruments as, if broken...a "center vent" hydraulic turbine, and also a railroad car brake...

I. Bernard Cohen

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Operations Chit Review Board (designated by Run Coordinator) MINOR MODIFICATIONS (Approved by Experimental and detailed nature of the inertial effects and dissipation mechanisms have yet to be determined. The strength, and neoclassical effects. Active braking of the plasma rotation by externally applied fields will be used to alter

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

422

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory NSTX Experimental Proposal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Responsible Division: Experimental Research Operations Chit Review Board (designated by Run Coordinator) MINOR redistribution and loss of fast ions resulting from the bursts. In addition, eternal braking fields eigenfunctions. Comparison with calculated BAAE eigenfunctions will improve understanding of the exact nature

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

423

ILLINOIS -RAILROAD ENGINEERING A Feasibility Study of MachineA Feasibility Study of Machine--Vision InspectionVision Inspection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

documented making defect trending difficult · Inefficient use of skilled labor (carmen) 4 Carmen 25 Cars Yard Questions and Comments #12;Slide 3 ILLINOIS - RAILROAD ENGINEERING Car Inspection Background Why are railcars cars inspected? · Safety · Efficiency Inspections address: · Braking System · Safety Appliances

Barkan, Christopher P.L.

424

Robust efficiency and actuator saturation explain healthy heart rate control and variability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...treated as compliant vessels, modeled in the form...iv) the metabolic consumption M; (v...multitasking, alcohol consumption, fatigue, or poor...signals (e.g., fuel or air rates, braking...ventilation V ? E , oxygen consumption V ? O 2 and carbon...

Na Li; Jerry Cruz; Chenghao Simon Chien; Somayeh Sojoudi; Benjamin Recht; David Stone; Marie Csete; Daniel Bahmiller; John C. Doyle

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

PM PEMs On-Road Investigation With and Without DPF Equipped Engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

correlation between engine fuel consumption and emissionsengine for both the PPMD derived work and the PEMS derived work 86 Figure 5-3 Fuel consumptionFuel Consumption Results .. 86 Brake Specific Emissions 88 Lessons Learned and Operational Issues . 93 PEMS1 Caterpillar 2000 Engine

Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Johnson, K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Evaluating the environmental quality impact of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games: magnetic monitoring of street dust in Beijing Olympic Park  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......angular particles to engine and brake abrasion...released from fossil fuel combustion in domestic...November to March when coal consumption in Beijing is ~30 million...spherules from fossil-fuel combustion. This effect...corrosion of the vehicle engine and body work (Fig......

Qingqing Qiao; Chunxia Zhang; Baochun Huang; John D. A. Piper

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Urban Geochemistry:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...per capita lead consumption in the United...coal-fired steam engine. The steam engine...burning of fossil fuels and the local...use of diesel fuels, sulfate deposition...tires, brakes, engine belts, mufflers...and fossil-fuel combustion...and material consumption, utilizing sensible...

Stefano Albanese; Domenico Cicchella

428

Sample RoutesData Acquisition System Setup Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

medium-duty vehicle energy efficiency research Collected Data Speed & Acceleration Fuel Consumption GPS real-world operations. Analysis of this data will provide information pertaining to the fuel Location Road Grade Engine Parameters Weight Brake and Tire Information Satellite Receiver eDAQ Data

429

A Monthly Safety Bulletin The Office of the NASA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was suspicious. I departed...and noticed the fuel consumption was more than normal. The right tank ran dry soon by a burned brake coil Refueling Retrospectives Fuel exhaustion and fuel mismanagement are common causes of engine failures and forced landings. A General Aviation (GA) pilot describes how he and his instructor

430

An Assessment of the Performance and Requirements for "Adiabatic" Engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...brake fuel consumption) of heat-insulated...turbo-charged engines show-ing...Additional fuel economy because...conventional diesel for lower...are total fuel consumption. For most...conventional engines. nate the...45% ofthe fuel energy compared...conventional diesel engine...

JAMES ZUCCHETTO; PHILLIP MYERS; JOHN JOHNSON; DENNIS MILLER

1988-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

431

Low Temperature Pyrocarbon : a review Xavier Bourrat1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

missiles, etc... Basically the process involves a carbon fiber preform which is infiltrated by CVI as shown on Figure 2. #12;Figure 1 Aircraft brake disks (rotor and stator) made of carbon fiber-reinforced pyrocarbon. Figure 2 Carbon/carbon composite : carbon fiber-reinforced pyrocarbon (SEM picture of a failure surface

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

432

Introduction to special section on the Phoenix Mission: Landing Site Characterization Experiments, Mission Overviews, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

braking strategy. After a safe landing, twin fan-like solar panels are unfurled and provide the energy lander with a science payload inherited from MPL and 2001 instruments gives significant advantages, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 10 Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Katlenburg

Duck, Thomas J.

433

Maria Druzhinina Anna Stefanopoulou  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the vehicle's turbocharged diesel engine using a variable valve timing actuator. A model reference adaptive with backstepping procedure to account for com- pression braking actuator dynamics, with observers for various unmeasured quantities and with compensation schemes for actuator saturation. In addition to speed tracking

Stefanopoulou, Anna

434

Work Request Form -Georgia Tech Motor Pool Vehicle Number ___________________ Date: _____________________ Department: ________________________  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are experiencing) ____ Not Heating ____ Not Cooling Electrical and Electronics Systems (Please mark what best fits Signal Out Brake System/ Suspension and Steering (Please mark what best fits the description of the issue/ hard pedal Heating and A/C (Please mark what best fits the description of the issue you

435

138 Arvid Kappas Richards, J. M., & Gross, J. J. (2000). Emotion regulation and memory: The cog  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.), The nature of emotion: Fundamental ques tions (pp. 127-130). New York: Oxford University Press. Scherer, K of emotions. In M. Lewis &J. M. Haviland Jones (Eds.), Handbook ofemotions (2nd ed., pp. 3-15). New York, forcing her to slam on her brakes. You might expect Margot to have become enraged. But she remained quite

Gross, James J.

436

Holistic Data-Driven Diagnosis for Dependable Automotive Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the recall of 680,000 Mercedes-Benz E-Class vehicles due to issues with the electronic brake-by-wire system systems has focused on online detection followed by offline di- agnosis. For example, diagnostic trou- ble codes (DTCs) are set based on errors that are detected during vehicle opera- tion. Such errors

Rajkumar, Ragunathan "Raj"

437

Computer controlled synchronous shifting of an automatic transmission  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A multiple forward speed automatic transmission produces its lowest forward speed ratio when a hydraulic clutch and hydraulic brake are disengaged and a one-way clutch connects a ring gear to the transmission casing. Second forward speed ratio results when the hydraulic clutch is engaged to connect the ring gear to the planetary carrier of a second gear set. Reverse drive and regenerative operation result when an hydraulic brake fixes the planetary and the direction of power flow is reversed. Various sensors produce signals representing the torque at the output of the transmission or drive wheels, the speed of the power source, and the hydraulic pressure applied to a clutch and brake. A control algorithm produces input data representing a commanded upshift, a commanded downshift, a commanded transmission output torque, and commanded power source speed. A microprocessor processes the inputs and produces a response to them in accordance with the execution of a control algorithm. Output or response signals cause selective engagement and disengagement of the clutch and brake at a rate that satisfies the requirements for a short gear ratio change and smooth torque transfer between the friction elements.

Davis, Roy I. (9214 Abbey La., Ypsilanti, MI 48198); Patil, Prabhakar B. (10294 W. Outer Dr., Detroit, MI 48223)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Role of Friction in Materials Selection for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an invited article for a special issue of the ASM International monthly magazine that concerns "Automotive Materials and Applications." The article itself overviews frictional considerations in material selection for automobiles. It discusses implications for energy efficiency (engine friction) and safety (brakes) among other topics.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Solar Powered Commuter Vehicle Sponsored by: Andy Schoenberg, Ph.D. of SunzeeCar LLC. ; Advisor: Kent Udell, Ph. D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

an optimal speed of 40 mph. Thep p p graph below depicts the power usage over timeg p p p g for a single stop the system without Regenerative Braking · Convert an Average of 50% of Kineticg Energy Back into Electrical Energy · Increase the Range from 30 miles to 40g miles. (10 mile increase) Testing:g The car was driven

Provancher, William

440

Alternative Fuel Implementation Tool Kit Case Study on Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in vehicle price. However, Durham's vendor did not agree to such a transfer. Durham used several specific The existing duty cycle/application was feasible for the 70-mile typical driving range of the LEAF The vehicle, brake and fluid checks as well as preventive diagnostics, with no need for oil changes. The LEAF's high

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ccsd-00085161,version1-4Oct2006 Norm Based Causal Reasoning in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicle in front of me braked". Using a truth based approach; we can obtain all the logical consequences-mail : nouiouaf@lipn.univ-paris13.fr 1 Motivation Truth based entailments are not sufficient for a good a stable truth value. Thus, what we represent explicitly is the linear time of the events, as they really

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

442

Urban Geochemistry:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...coal-fired steam engine. The steam engine, together with other advances...With the rise in the use of diesel fuels, sulfate deposition...automobile parts (tires, brakes, engine belts, mufflers, etc...2013-010998 Environmental geology General geochemistry Mineralogical...

Stefano Albanese; Domenico Cicchella

443

This document contains the draft version of the following paper: W. Bejgerowski, J.W. Gerdes, S.K. Gupta, and H.A. Bruck. Design and fabrication of miniature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

members, (b) the reduction in backlash, and (c) potential energy storage in deflected members [2]. Using for a flapping wing micro air vehicle. Methods described in this paper are applicable to any lightweight, load-constant-force compression mechanisms, near-constant-force electrical connectors, bicycle brakes, bicycle derailleur

Gupta, Satyandra K.

444

Role of Hydrogen Peroxide in a Selected Emulsified Fuel Ratio and Comparing It to Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(9) At higher load conditions, the brake thermal efficiency slightly increases for the hydrogen-peroxide-added emulsified fuel than for the remaining two fuels. ... Reduction of NOx, smoke, BSFC, and maximum combustion pressure by low compression ratios in a diesel engine fueled by emulsified fuel. ...

M. P. Ashok; C. G. Saravanan

2008-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dynamics of Tearing Modes during Strong Electron Cyclotron Heating on the FTU Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The localized electron cyclotron resonance heating power that can suppress sawteeth reconnection often drives m=2 tearing modes in a tokamak operating at constant current. The dynamics of mode onset and coupled mode evolution is described in detail and compared with a nonlinear theoretical model that identifies the effects of mode coupling, finite inertia of the rotating islands, and wall braking.

E. Lazzaro et al.

2000-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

446

VOLUME 84, NUMBER 26 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 26 JUNE 2000 Dynamics of Tearing Modes during Strong Electron Cyclotron Heating on the FTU Tokamak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modes during Strong Electron Cyclotron Heating on the FTU Tokamak E. Lazzaro,1 A. Airoldi,1 A. Bruschi,1) The localized electron cyclotron resonance heating power that can suppress sawteeth reconnection often drives m braking. High power electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) is used for controlling the MHD activity

Vlad, Gregorio

447

PS3060: Perception and Action (L.3) Driving a vehicle: control of heading,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PS3060: Perception and Action (L.3) Driving a vehicle: control of heading, collision avoidance 11, 12 of Bruce, Green & Georgeson 2003) · the ecological approach to vision: from insects to humans · collision: judging time to impact, braking a vehicle · heading: how you know in which direction you

Zanker, Johannes M.

448

Gille-ESYS 10 1 Should Alex Buy a Battery-Powered Car?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that use hydrogen fuel cells have a range of more than 200 miles, although they're outrageously expensive. ZEVs just aren't sufficiently environmental to justify their cost. For one thing, manufacturing a new their fuel efficiency is amazing. I was reading that they use regenerative braking to charge up

Gille, Sarah T.

449

Statistics of Entropy Production in Linearized Stochastic System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a wide class of linear stochastic problems driven off the equilibrium by a multiplicative asymmetric force. The force brakes detailed balance, maintained otherwise, thus producing entropy. The large deviation function of the entropy production in the system is calculated explicitly. The general result is illustrated using an example of a polymer immersed in a gradient flow and subject to thermal fluctuations.

K. Turitsyn; M. Chertkov; V. Y. Chernyak; A. Puliafito

2007-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

450

Symmetric Periodic Orbits in Three Sub-Problems of the N-body Problem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study three sub-problems of the N-body problem that have two degrees of freedom, namely the n-pyramidal problem, the planar double-polygon problem, and the spatial double-polygon problem. We prove the existence of several families of symmetric periodic orbits, including ``Schubart-like" orbits and brake orbits, by using topological shooting arguments.

Nai-Chia Chen

2013-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

451

Mono inverter Multi parallel PMSM -Structure and Control strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a new and original Mono inverter Multi parallel Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) systemMono inverter Multi parallel PMSM - Structure and Control strategy Damien Bidarta , Maria Pietrzak, braking system...). However, a MMS with machines operating independently needs a high number of power

Boyer, Edmond

452

Department of Mechanical Engineering Spring 2012 Motorized Rolling Walker  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.16 ft.-lb. of torque Added a light-weight Li-Ion battery and a pulse-width-modulator controller battery capacity Tested the combined braking system to ensure they would stop the walker from moving with and without power Battery performed as desired, providing approximately 4 hours of use No yielding

Demirel, Melik C.

453

SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE STATE OF SCIENCE IN AMERICA DURING THE NINETEENTH CENTURY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and the front, photography, gas warfare, machine guns, and...of the nineteenth century, technology and engineering did not in...and science "in their developments." "Brethren scholars, men...a "center vent" hydraulic turbine, and also a railroad car brake...

I. Bernard Cohen

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Operation of a third generation wind turbine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A modern wind turbine was installed on May 26, 1982, at the USDA Conservation and Production Research Laboratory, Bushland, Texas. This wind machine was used to provide electrical energy for irrigation pumping and other agricultural loads. The wind turbine purchased for this research is an Enertech Model 44, manufactured by Enertech Corporation, Norwich, Vermont. The horizontal-axis wind turbine has a 13.4 m diameter, three-bladed, fixed-pitch rotor on a 24.4-m tower. The blades are laminated epoxy-wood, and are attached to a steel hub. A 25-kW induction generator provides 240 V, 60 Hz, single-phase electrical power. The wind turbine operated 64 percent of the time, while being available to operate over 94 percent of the time. The unit had a net energy production of over 80,000 kWh in an average windspeed of 5.9 m/s at a height of 10 m in a 16-month period. The blade pitch was originally offset two degrees from design to maintain power production within the limitations of the gearbox, generator, and brakes. A maximum output of 23.2 kW averaged over a 15-second period indicated that with a new brake, the system was capable of handling more power. After a new brake was installed, the blade pitch was changed to one degree from design. The maximum power output measured after the pitch change was 29.3 kW. Modified blade tip brakes were installed on the wind turbine on July 7, 1983. These tip brakes increased power production at lower windspeeds while reducing power at higher windspeeds.

Vosper, F.C.; Clark, R.N.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Effects of altitude and fuel oxygen content on the performance of a high pressure common rail diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The change of intake oxygen content caused by altitude variation and the change of fuel oxygen content both affect the performance of diesel engines. In this paper, comparative experiments were performed on a high pressure common rail diesel engine fueled with pure diesel and biodieselethanoldiesel (abbreviated as BED) blends with oxygen content of 2%, 2.5%, and 3.2% in mass percentage at different atmospheric pressures of 81kPa, 90kPa, and 100kPa. Moreover, in order to study the effect of different fuel blends with the same oxygen content on the performance of the diesel engine, tests were conducted on the diesel engine fueled with the BED blend and a biodieseldiesel (abbreviated as BD) blend at 81kPa ambient pressure. The experimental results indicate that the influence of altitude variation on the full-load engine brake torque is not significant when the pure diesel fuel is used. With the increase of BED fuel oxygen content, the engine brake torque reduces. When the pure diesel fuel is used, with the increase of atmospheric pressure, the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) decreases. As the fuel oxygen content increases, there is no significant difference in brake specific fuel consumption of the BED blends. And the values of brake specific energy consumption (BSEC) gradually decrease. Soot emissions of the diesel engine decrease with the increase of atmospheric pressure and fuel oxygen content. The effect of soot emission reduction by increasing the oxygen content of the fuel is more significant than the effect of increasing atmospheric pressure. The effects of BD and BED fuels with basically the same oxygen content on the full-load performance, fuel economy, and soot emissions of the diesel engine are different. The BSFC and soot emissions of the BED fuel are lower than those of the BD fuel.

Shaohua Liu; Lizhong Shen; Yuhua Bi; Jilin Lei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Arkansas | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Arkansas Arkansas Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Arkansas Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions in Arkansas. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 16, 2013 CX-010974: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advanced Low-Cost Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction... CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/16/2013 Location(s): Arkansas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory September 16, 2013 CX-010973: Categorical Exclusion Determination Advanced Low-Cost Silicon Carbide (SiC) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) Wide Bandgap Inverters for Under-the-Hood Electric Vehicle Traction... CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 09/16/2013 Location(s): Arkansas Offices(s): National Energy Technology Laboratory

457

untitled  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1052 1052 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 5.34 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 1130 Wh Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 159,697 mi Date of Test: March 31, 2008 HPPC Test Peak Pulse Discharge Power @ 10s 3 : 21.2 kW Peak Pulse Discharge Power @ 1s 3 : 30.0 kW Peak Pulse Charge Power @ 10s 3 : 21.2 kW Peak Pulse Charge Power @ 1s 3 : 30.3 kW Maximum Cell Charge Voltage: 1.5 V Minimum Cell Discharge Voltage: 1.0 V Analysis Notes: 1. Motor refers to any motor capable of supplying traction power. 2. Motor power rating refers to the manufacturer's peak power rating for the motor(s) supplying traction power. 3. Calculated value based on selected battery voltage limits and at 50% SOC. Battery Lab Test Results Page 1 Hybrid System Specifi cations

458

untitled  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sonnenschein Sonnenschein Type: Sealed Lead Acid Number of Modules: 6 Weight of Pack: 191.4 kg Module Weight: 31.9 kg Nominal Module Voltage: 12 V Nominal System Voltage: 72 V Nominal Pack Capacity (C/3): 180 Ah Vehicle Specifications Manufacturer: 2008 Roush Industries Model: Roush Rev Year: 2008 Number of Motors 1 : 1 Motor Power Rating 2 : 150 kW VIN #: 9BFBT32N767991505 Static Capacity Test Measured Average Capacity: 156.0 Ah Measured Average Energy Capacity: 11.2 kWh Vehicle Mileage and Testing Date Vehicle Odometer: 6,000 mi Date of Test: May 28, 2009 Analysis Notes: 1. Motor refers to any motor capable of supplying traction power. 2. Motor power rating refers to the manufacturer's peak power rating for the motor(s) supplying traction power. 3. Calculated value based on selected battery voltage limits and at 50% SOC.

459

High-Performance Control of Two Three-Phase Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Machines in an Integrated Drive for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The closed-loop control of an integrated dual AC drive system is presented to control two three-phase permanent-magnet motors. A five-leg inverter is employed in the drive system; three of the inverter legs are for a main traction motor, but only two are needed for a three-phase auxiliary motor by utilizing the neutral point of the traction motor. An integrated drive with reduced component count is therefore achieved by eliminating one inverter leg and its gate drivers. A modified current control scheme based on the rotor flux orientation principle is presented. Simulation and experimental results are included to verify the independent control capability of the integrated drive.

Tang, Lixin [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

An improved analytical model for shear modulus of fiber reinforced laminates with damage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract When loaded normal to the fiber direction, transverse cracks often form in the matrix of polymeric composites. Transverse softening has been widely studied, where agreement between models and experiment is common. By comparison, shear softening from transverse cracks has received little attention, and tends not to agree with predictions. The discrepancy between models and observations may be due to the presence of a traction between the crack surfaces. A closed form solution is proposed for the shear stressstrain field of a cracked laminate by replacing the cracks with cohesive zones. The constitutive equations of the crack laminate were derived including the effects of internal tractions and transverse stress on the shear modulus. The analytical solution resulted in good agreement with experimental measurements.

Mohammedmahdi Salavatian; Lloyd Smith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Total compensation of line-side switching harmonics in converter-fed ac locomotives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PWM controlled line-side converters of modern ac traction locomotives inject harmonic currents into the feeding overhead line. This causes problems of electromagnetic interference. Passive or active filters are usually provided for a partial reduction of the line harmonics. A novel and superior approach employs a switched electronic compensator. It generates an exact replica of the harmonic current, feeding it to the high-voltage transformer to produce a harmonic counter MMF. The transformer main flux is then forced to be sinusoidal, and so is the induced voltage in the primary. The line current, being low-pass filtered by the transformer leakage inductance, assumes a pure sinusoidal waveform. The compensator operates in the low switching frequency range of the main power converters. Its installed power is only 1% of the traction power. Operation, control, and design considerations are described. Results from laboratory tests at full power level are presented.

Krah, J.O.; Holtz, J. [Univ. of Wuppertal (Germany)] [Univ. of Wuppertal (Germany)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Screening Pumping Systems for Energy Savings Opportunities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Operating parameters: Operating traction ~h.ooo II Electric power, kWe I 154.0 II 151.5 II 108.2 I background information Electricily cost cents/kwhr ~15.40 'I' Annual energy, MWhr ) 1349.0 II 1327.3 II 947.41 Measured or required conditions: . Annual... for Operating parameters: Operating traction ~h.ooo II Electric power, kWe I 154.0 II 151.5 II 108.2 I background information Electricily cost cents/kwhr ~15.40 'I' Annual energy, MWhr ) 1349.0 II 1327.3 II 947.41 Measured or required conditions: . Annual...

Casada, D.

463

A New Integrated Onboard Charger and Accessory Power Converter for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a new approach is presented for integrating the function of onboard battery charging into the traction drive system and accessory dc-dc converter of a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). The idea is to utilize the segmented traction drive system of a PEV as the frond converter of the charging circuit and the transformer and high voltage converter of the 14 V accessory dc-dc converter to form a galvanically isolated onboard charger. Moreover, a control method is presented for suppressing the battery current ripple component of twice the grid frequency with the reduced dc bus capacitor in the segmented inverter. The resultant integrated charger has lower cost, weight, and volume than a standalone charger due to a substantially reduced component count. The proposed integrated charger topology was verified by modeling and experimental results on a 5.8 kW charger prototype.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

P1.2 -- Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Lithium Polymer NEV Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energys Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity tests hybrid electric, pure electric, and other advanced technology vehicles. As part of this testing, 28 hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are being tested in fleet, dynamometer, and closed track environments. This paper discusses some of the HEV test results, with an emphasis on the battery performance of the HEVs. It also discusses the testing results for a small electric vehicle with a lithium polymer traction battery.

J. Francfort

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Diachonic DNA Analyses of Animal Breeds and Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the animals they breed and raise for sustenance and secondary products such as traction, milk and wool. Since initial domestication, humans have continued to affect and modify these species until the present day. Although much attention has been paid... of Ancient DNA After an organism dies, cell and organelle membranes break down, releasing digestive enzymes into the cellular matrix (Pbo et al. 1989). These enzymes fragment DNA molecules into short pieces approximately 100200 bp long (Pbo et al...

Campana, Michael Gray

2011-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

466

A study of solvent refining of cottonseed oil by use of a rotating core countercurrent extraction column  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Conclusions 7. Bibliography 8. Appendix 23 27 A STUDY OF SOLVENT REFINING OP COTTONSEED OIL BY USE OF A ROTATING CORE COUNTERCURRENT EXTRACTION COLUMN INTRODUCTION In th1s study the applicability oi several solvents for solvent refining crude... countercurrent ex- traction column. Cottonseed oil is essent1ally a triglyceride but contains also a number of impurities. Jamieson and Baughman (7) report the following 1n crude cottonseed oil& rai'finose, pentosans, resins, proteoses, peptones...

Holbrook, Charles Ray

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The theory of globulettes: candidate precursors of brown dwarfs and free floating planets in H II regions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

few solar masses - though these sizes were limited by the spatial resolution of the simulation) within the H ii re- gion appear following the irradiation of a turbulent medium. As well as being more massive, these objects are also more complicated... for systematics due to the observational techniques used to estimate the globulettes masses and radii. 3 STABILITY AGAINST COLLAPSE We now discuss whether globulettes are stable against con- traction or not. In Figure 3 we show the ratio of internal (thermal...

Haworth, Thomas J.; Facchini, Stefano; Clarke, Cathie J.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Ultra Long-Range Interactions between Large Area Graphene and Silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here, we report on measurements of the tractionseparation relations, which represent the strength and range of adhesive interactions, and the adhesion energy between wet-transferred, CVD grown graphene and the native oxide surface of silicon substrates. ... The measured adhesion energy was 357 16 mJ/m2, which is commensurate with van der Waals interactions. ... adhesive interactions; strength; range; energy; graphene; silicon; interferometry ...

Seung Ryul Na; Ji Won Suk; Rodney S. Ruoff; Rui Huang; Kenneth M. Liechti

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Farm organization and cotton production costs in Comandante Fernandez, Chaco, Argentina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

relevant in this matter. 'J. ractorized farms have lower proportions of fixed, but higher proportions of operating capital than non-tractorized farms when tenure is controlled. Average total costs per ton of cotton were signi- ficantlyy different only... between trartorized and non- tractorized owners. Average total costs per hectar'- are higher for tractorized than for non-trartoriz~H farms when tenure is controlled, ?oats o& capital items, among indirect cost components, and labor and traction...

Stagno, Horacio Hugo

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

470

A Novel Design Testing the Effects of Static and Dynamic Equibiaxial Stretch Gradients on Fibroblast Cell Migration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This mechanical environment can be modeled as a circular membrane with a center hole in which radial stress increases from the inner boundary of the membrane to the outer edge (David and Humphrey, 2004). Interventional procedures producing holes yield a... traction free boundary condition, and it has been found that material behavior determines the stress environment as the size of the center hole changes (David and Humphrey 2004). In particular, it was shown that for isotropic membranes with a small...

Yazdani-Beioky, Shiva

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

471

Verification of a cohesive zone model for ductile fracture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the present paper, ductile crack growth in an aluminum alloy is numerically simulated using a cohesive zone model under both plane stress and plane strain conditions for two different fracture types, shear and normal modes. The cohesive law for ductile fracture consists of two parts--a specific materials` separation traction and energy. Both are assumed to be constant during ductile fracture (stable crack growth). In order to verify the assumed cohesive law to be suitable for ductile fracture processes, experimental records are used as control curves for the numerical simulations. For a constant separation traction, determined experimentally from tension test data, the corresponding cohesive energy was determined by finite element calculations. It is confirmed that the cohesive zone model can be used to characterize a single ductile fracture mode and is roughly independent of stable crack extension. Both the cohesive traction and the cohesive fracture energy should be material specific parameters. The extension of the cohesive zone is restricted to a very small region near the crack tip and is in the order of the physical fracture process. Based on the present observations, the cohesive zone model is a promising criterion to characterize ductile fracture.

Yuan, H.; Lin, G.; Cornec, A. [GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. of Materials Research

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Microsoft PowerPoint - Denison Status.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DENISON TURBINE DENISON TURBINE REHABILITATION PLANNING REHABILITATION PLANNING Status Report Southwestern Federal Hydropower Conference 10 June 2010 By: Charlie Allen Chief, Turbomachinery Section y Hydroelectric Design Center US Army Corps of Engineers BUILDING STRONG ® Historic Context Historic Context Late 1990's: Index Testing, 4% Efficiency Decrease g y Early 2000's: Generator Uprate Study Mid 2000's: Generator Rewinds Completed Capacity increase from 42.3 KVA to 53.5 KVA Capacity increase from 42.3 KVA to 53.5 KVA BUILDING STRONG ® PORTLAND DISTRICT 2 Unit Condition Unit Condition Units installed in late 1940's Badly Corroded Wicket Gates, Facing Plates, Stay Vanes Excessive Wicket Gate Leakage Brake Speed Switches reset to compensate Brake Speed Switches reset to compensate Runner Blade Entrance Edge Cavitation

473

MonthlyReport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

74 74 Number of trips 399 Distance traveled (mi) 148 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 73% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 6.3 Average Stops per mile 35.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 11% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 423 Number of trips 27 Distance traveled (mi) 54 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 27% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.0 Average Driving Speed (mph) 20.7 Average Stops per mile 3.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 0 Number of trips 0 Distance traveled (mi) 0 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.0 Average Driving Speed (mph)

474

MonthlyReport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 493 Distance traveled (mi) 189 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 38% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 4.9 Average Stops per mile 28.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 377 Number of trips 67 Distance traveled (mi) 275 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 56% Average Trip Distance (mi) 4.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 17.9 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 438 Number of trips 1 Distance traveled (mi) 29 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 28.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

475

NREL: Fleet Test and Evaluation - Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Systems NREL's Fleet Test and Evaluation Team conducts performance evaluations of hydraulic hybrid drive systems in delivery vehicles. Because hydraulic hybrids feature highly efficient regenerative braking systems and "engine off at idle" capabilities, they are ideal for parcel delivery applications where stop-and-go traffic is common. Hydraulic hybrid systems can capture up to 70% of the kinetic energy that would otherwise be lost during braking. This energy drives a pump, which transfers hydraulic fluid from a low-pressure reservoir to a high-pressure accumulator. When the vehicle accelerates, fluid in the high-pressure accumulator moves to the lower-pressure reservoir, which drives a motor and provides extra torque. This process can improve the vehicle's fuel economy

476

2009 BMW MINI EVAmerica fact sheet.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3230 lb 3230 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 3306 lb Distribution F/R: 51/49 % GVWR: 3660 lb Payload 2 : 354 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 97.1 inches Track F/R: 57.4/57.8 inches Length: 145.6 inches Width: 66.3 inches Height: 55.4 inches Ground Clearance: 6.0 inches Performance Goal: 5.0 inches CHARGER Level 1: Location: On-board Type: Conductive Input Voltages: 120VAC Level 2: Location: Off-board Type: Conductive Input Voltages: 240 VAC © 2009 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved BASE VEHICLE: 2009 BMW MINI E Seatbelt Positions: Two Standard Features: Front Wheel Drive Front Disc and Rear Disc Brakes Regenerative Braking With Coast Down Three-Point Safety Belts Speedometer Odometer State-Of-Charge Meter BATTERY Type: Lithium Ion Number of Modules: 48

477

MonthlyReport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

505 505 Number of trips 601 Distance traveled (mi) 245 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 62% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.4 Average Stops per mile 34.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 373 Number of trips 35 Distance traveled (mi) 124 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 31% Average Trip Distance (mi) 3.5 Average Driving Speed (mph) 23.0 Average Stops per mile 3.7 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 319 Number of trips 3 Distance traveled (mi) 25 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 6% Average Trip Distance (mi) 8.5 Average Driving Speed (mph)

478

Hybrid: Cruising  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar CRUISING The gasoline engine powers the vehicle at cruising speeds and, if needed, provides power to the battery for later use. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery.

479

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

.eU) , .eU) , u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT: Parker Hannifin, Aircraft Wheel and Brake Diy PROJECT TITl.E: Wind Turbine Electric Brake project Page 1 of2 STATE: OH Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Pro<:urement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number COP DE-EEOOOO296 GF0-10-053 0 Based on my review orthe information concerning tbe proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer- (autboriztd under DOE Order 4SI.1A), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: B3.6 Siting. construction (or modification). operation . and decommissioning of facilities for indoor bench-scale research projects and conventional laboratory operations (for example. preparation of chemical standards and sample analysis):

480

MonthlyReport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

613 613 Number of trips 89 Distance traveled (mi) 9 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 30% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.1 Average Driving Speed (mph) 7.0 Average Stops per mile 44.5 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 9% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 8 Distance traveled (mi) 5 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 16% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.6 Average Driving Speed (mph) 25.0 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 6% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 487 Number of trips 7 Distance traveled (mi) 16 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 54% Average Trip Distance (mi) 2.3 Average Driving Speed (mph)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anti-lock brakes traction" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings Summary of Changes Between Versions  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Buildings Buildings Summary of Changes between Versions November 2012 1 Applicable Model(s) Change Changes from version 1.2_4.0 to 1.3_5.0 All Transitioned from EnergyPlus 4.0 to EnergyPlus 5.0 All For fan power calculations, fan nameplate horsepower corrected from 90% brake horsepower to 110% brake horsepower All Removed multipliers on roof surface infiltration because EnergyPlus now counts the roof surface in infiltration per exterior surface area calculations All Added parking lot exterior lighting All Updated headers to reflect new name for technical report reference All models with DX cooling Changed COP calculation to remove fan power at ARI conditions, not max. allowable fan power (see Ref. Bldgs. Technical Report for more info.) All models with DX cooling Changed cooling performance curves to reflect

482

Microsoft Word - solcar95.html  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

FORCE FORCE VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS CONVERTED VEHICLE Base Vehicle: 1995 Geo Metro VIN:2C1MR529XS6783464 Seatbelt Positions: Three Standard Features: Power Brakes Front Disk Brakes Front Wheel Drive Dual Air Bags AM/FM Stereo Radio w/Cassette Electric Heater Options as Tested: None BATTERY Manufacturer: GM Ovonic Type: 13.2EV85 Nickel Metal Hydride Number of Modules: 14 Weight of Module: 18 kg Weight of Pack(s): 254 kg Pack Locations: Undertrunk/Underhood Nominal Module Voltage: 13.2 V Nominal System Voltage: 185 V Nominal Capacity (1C): 85 Ah WEIGHTS Design Curb Weight: 2246 lbs Delivered Curb Weight: 2304 lbs Distribution F/R: 50/50 % GVWR: 2755 lbs GAWR F/R: 1432/1366 lbs Payload: 451 lbs Performance Goal: 664 lbs DIMENSIONS Wheelbase: 93.5 inches

483

MonthlyReport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 Number of trips 1,610 Distance traveled (mi) 372 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 72% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.2 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.2 Average Stops per mile 32.1 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 383 Number of trips 114 Distance traveled (mi) 144 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 28% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.3 Average Driving Speed (mph) 18.3 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 16% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 549 Number of trips 5 Distance traveled (mi) 2 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 0% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph)

484

Hybrid: Cruising  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Cruising button highlighted Passing Button Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar CRUISING The gasoline engine powers the vehicle at cruising speeds and, if needed, provides power to the battery for later use. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is moving. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the electric motor to the battery.

485

MonthlyReport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

530 530 Number of trips 1,308 Distance traveled (mi) 495 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 69% Average Trip Distance (mi) 0.4 Average Driving Speed (mph) 5.6 Average Stops per mile 31.4 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 15% City Trips ( < 5 stops/mile & <37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 471 Number of trips 91 Distance traveled (mi) 175 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 24% Average Trip Distance (mi) 1.9 Average Driving Speed (mph) 16.6 Average Stops per mile 3.8 Percent of Regen Braking Energy Recovery (%) 13% Highway Trips ( 37 mph avg) DC electrical energy consumption (DC Wh/mi) 357 Number of trips 2 Distance traveled (mi) 49 Percent of total distance traveled (%) 7% Average Trip Distance (mi) 24.7 Average Driving Speed (mph)

486

Engines - Emissions Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EPRI Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group: HEV Costs and Emissions EPRI Hybrid Electric Vehicle Working Group: HEV Costs and Emissions Hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are attractive options for increasing vehicle fuel economy and reducing emissions of criteria pollutants and greenhouse gases. Two automobile manufacturers have already introduced HEVs, and other manufacturers are planning to introduce their own models. One available HEV combines mass reduction (also applicable to conventional vehicles) with idle-stop, regenerative braking, and electric-drive assist to achieve a fuel economy more than 2.5 times the current Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard. The second HEV combines idle-stop, regenerative braking, electric assist acceleration, and continuously variable transmission (CVT) to achieve a fuel economy of more than twice the current CAFÉ standard, qualifying as a super ultra-low emissions vehicle (SULEV).

487

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money How Plug-in Hybrids Save Money Plug-in hybrid recharging Plug-in hybrids reduce fuel costs by Using high-capacity batteries that allow them to operate on electricity from the outlet for significant distances-electricity typically costs less than half as much as gasoline Using a larger electric motor that typically allows the vehicle to use electricity at higher speeds than regular hybrids Using regenerative braking to recover energy typically wasted when you apply the brakes Plug-in hybrid designs differ, and your driving habits, especially the distance you drive between re-charging, can have a big effect on your fuel bill. My Plug-in Hybrid Calculator estimates gasoline and electricity costs for any available plug-in hybrid using your driving habits and fuel costs.

488

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development: Phase I. Design and analysis. Volume I. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Not Available

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Enertech 15-kW wind-system development. Phase I. Design and Analysis. Volume II. Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A utility interfaced wind machine rated for 15 kW at 9 m/s (20.1 mph) has been designed to be cost effective in 5.4 m/s (12 mph) average wind sites. Approximately 18 months into the research and development program a completed design meeting contract specifications was submitted to the buyer. The design is for a horizontal axis, down wind machine which features three fixed pitch wood-epoxy blades and free yaw. Rotor diameter is 44 feet (13.4 meters). Unit shutdown is provided by an electrohydraulic brake. Blade tip brakes provide back-up rotor overspeed protection. Design merits have been verified through dynamic truck testing of a prototype unit.

Dodge, D.M. (ed.)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Combustion and performance of a diesel engine with preheated Jatropha curcas oil using waste heat from exhaust gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The viscosity and density of CJO (crude Jatropha oil) were reduced by heating it using the heat from exhaust gas of a diesel engine with an appropriately designed helical coil heat exchanger. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the combustion characteristics of a DI (direct injection) diesel engine using PJO (preheated Jatropha oil). It exhibited a marginally higher cylinder gas pressure, rate of pressure rise and heat release rate as compared to HSD (high speed diesel) during the initial stages of combustion for all engine loadings. Ignition delay was shorter for PJO as compared to HSD. The results also indicated that BSFC (brake specific fuel consumption) and EGT (exhaust gas temperature) increased while BTE (brake thermal efficiency) decreased with PJO as compared to HSD for all engine loadings. The reductions in CO2 (carbon dioxide), HC (hydrocarbon) and \\{NOx\\} (nitrous oxide) emissions were observed for PJO along with increased CO (carbon monoxide) emission as compared to those of HSD.

Priyabrata Pradhan; Hifjur Raheman; Debasish Padhee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

An experimental study of the effect of a homogeneous combustion catalyst on fuel consumption and smoke emission in a diesel engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation into the influence of a ferrous picrate based homogeneous combustion catalyst on fuel consumption and smoke emission of a laboratory diesel engine. The catalyst used in this study was supplied by Fuel Technology Pty. Ltd. The fuel consumption and smoke emission were measured as a function of engine load, speed and catalyst dosing ratio. The brake specific fuel consumption and smoke emission decreased as the dosing ratio of the catalyst doped in the diesel fuel increased. At the catalyst dosing ratio of 1:3200, the brake specific fuel consumption was reduced by from 2.1% to 2.7% and the smoke emission was reduced by from 6.7% to 26.2% at the full engine load at speeds from 2600rpm to 3400rpm. The results also indicated that the potential of the fuel saving seems to be greater when the engine was run under light load.

Mingming Zhu; Yu Ma; Dongke Zhang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Performance analysis and exhaust emissions of neem methyl ester operated compression ignition engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neem oil methyl ester (NOME) was prepared from neem oil using alkaline catalyzed transesterification. The important fuel properties of NOME 20% blend of NOME with diesel were compared with those of diesel. Optimum injection pressures were determined for neat diesel and NOME-20 blend. Comparison of brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) brake thermal efficiency (BTE) exhaust gas temperature (EGT) and smoke density was done for diesel and NOME-20 blend at their respective optimum injection pressure. Higher BSFC a slight decrease in BTE and a sharp decrease in EGT and smoke density were recorded with NOME-20 blend. Emissions with NOME-20 blend were also compared with diesel emissions at their respective optimum injection pressures. Significant reductions in carbon monoxide hydrocarbon and oxides of nitrogen and increase in carbon-di-oxide were observed with NOME-20 blend. Hence neem biodiesel has an environmental importance over diesel and shows a promising future.

Vinod Singh Yadav; Kamal Kishore Khatri; Deepak Tanwar; Ajayta; Dilip Sharma; S. L. Soni

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Lightweight pressure vessels and unitized regenerative fuel cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy storage systems have been designed using lightweight pressure vessels with unitized regenerative fuel cells (URFCs). The vessels provide a means of storing reactant gases required for URFCs; they use lightweight bladder liners that act as inflatable mandrels for composite overwrap and provide a permeation barrier. URFC systems have been designed for zero emission vehicles (ZEVs); they are cost competitive with primary FC powered vehicles that operate on H/air with capacitors or batteries for power peaking and regenerative braking. URFCs are capable of regenerative braking via electrolysis and power peaking using low volume/low pressure accumulated oxygen for supercharging the power stack. URFC ZEVs can be safely and rapidly (<5 min.) refueled using home electrolysis units. Reversible operation of cell membrane catalyst is feasible without significant degradation. Such systems would have a rechargeable specific energy > 400 Wh/kg.

Mitlitsky, F.; Myers, B.; Weisberg, A.H.

1996-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

494

Performance and emission parameters optimization of mahua (Madhuca indica) based biodiesel in direct injection diesel engine using response surface methodology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mahua oil ethyl ester was prepared from mahua oil using potassium hydroxide as catalyst by trans-esterification. The important fuel properties of mahua biodiesel blends were compared with those of high speed diesel and biodiesel standards. Variation of brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) brake thermal efficiency (BTE) Pmax CO NOx hydrocarbons and smoke opacity across compression ratio blending ratio and load were studied successfully using response surface methodology based on Central composite rotatable design. The trends similar to general theory of compression ignition engines (CI) were obtained. Optimum performance and emission parameters were determined by considering the significant variables affecting the diesel engine. Significant reduction in emissions at 23% blending ratio were observed as compared to neat diesel at optimum input variables. Hence mahua biodiesel is an environment friendly alternate fuel over diesel and has good scope to run the compression ignition engines.

Sunil Dhingra; Gian Bhushan; Kashyap Kumar Dubey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Full Hybrid: Overview  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Starting button Low Speed button Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button OVERVIEW Full hybrids use a gasoline engine as the primary source of power, and an electric motor provides additional power when needed. In addition, full hybrids can use the electric motor as the sole source of propulsion for low-speed, low-acceleration driving, such as in stop-and-go traffic or for backing up. This electric-only driving mode can further increase fuel efficiency under some driving conditions. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is stopped at an intersection.

496

Hybrid: Passing  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Button Passing button highlighted Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar Button Passing button highlighted Braking Button Stopped Button subbanner graphic: gray bar PASSING During heavy accelerating or when additional power is needed, the gasoline engine and electric motor are both used to propel the vehicle. Additional power from the battery is used to power the electric motor as needed. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is passing another vehicle. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the battery to the electric engine to the front wheels. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, and electric motor visible. The car is passing another vehicle. There are red arrows flowing from the gasoline engine to the front wheels. There are blue arrows flowing from the battery to the electric engine to the front wheels.

497

Full Hybrid: Low Speed  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button highlighted Cruising button Passing button Braking button Stopped button LOW SPEED For initial acceleration and slow-speed driving, as well as reverse, the electric motor uses electricity from the battery to power the vehicle. If the battery needs to be recharged, the generator starts the engine and converts energy from the engine into electricity, which is stored in the battery. stage graphic: vertical blue rule Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels. Main stage: See through car with battery, engine, generator, power split device, and electric motor visible. The car is moving at a low speed. There are arrows flowing from the battery to the electric motor to the power split device to the front wheels.

498

High reduction transaxle for electric vehicle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A drivetrain (12) includes a transaxle assembly (16) for driving ground engaging wheels of a land vehicle powered by an AC motor. The transaxle includes a ratio change section having planetary gear sets (24, 26) and brake assemblies (28, 30). Sun gears (60, 62) of the gear sets are directly and continuously connected to an input drive shaft (38) driven by the motor. A first drive (78a) directly and continuously connects a planetary gear carrier (78) of gear sets (24) with a ring gear (68) of gear set (26). A second drive (80a) directly and continuously connects a planetary gear carrier (80) of gear set (26) with a sun gear (64) of a final speed reduction gear set (34) having a planetary gear carrier directly and continuously connected to a differential (22). Brakes (28, 30) are selectively engageable to respectively ground a ring gear 66 of gear set 24 and ring gear 68 of gear set 26.

Kalns, Ilmars (Plymouth, MI)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

EV America Skid Test Procedure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 6 Revision 2 Effective October 1, 2007 Braking Test Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date: _________ Roberta Brayer Approved by: _________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald Karner Procedure ETA-HTP06 Revision 2 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Objectives 1 2. Purpose 1 3. Documentation 1 4. Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 1 5. Testing Activity Requirements 3 5.3 Dry Controlled Test 4 6. Glossary 5 7. References 7 Appendices Appendix A - Handling Pad Test Data Sheet 8

500

Reducing Fuel Consumption through Semi-Automated Platooning with Class 8 Tractor Trailer Combinations (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This poster describes the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's evaluation of the fuel savings potential of semi-automated truck platooning. Platooning involves reducing aerodynamic drag by grouping vehicles together and decreasing the distance between them through the use of electronic coupling, which allows multiple vehicles to accelerate or brake simultaneously. The NREL study addressed the need for data on American style line-haul sleeper cabs with modern aerodynamics and over a range of trucking speeds common in the United States.

Lammert, M.; Gonder, J.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z