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Sample records for anthra cite bituminous

  1. AR-CITE

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003796MLTPL00 AR-CITE: Analysis of Search Results for the Clarification and Identification of Technology Emergence   

  2. citing | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    citing Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(88) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki...

  3. Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & Technology...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Stanford University for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Battelle ...

  4. DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    United States Department of Energy Office of Public Affairs Washington, DC 20585 NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Joann Wardrip, (202) 586-4940 Thursday, March 20, 2008 DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) for violations of the Department's worker safety and health regulations. BEA is the managing and

  5. Template:Cite web | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Cite web Jump to: navigation, search This template is for citing online sources for Open Energy Information content. It is an important part of the OpenEI:Verifiability content...

  6. Assessment of underground coal gasification in bituminous coals: catalog of bituminous coals and site selection. Appendix A. National coal resource data system: Ecoal, Wcoal, and Bmalyt. Final report, Phase I. [Bituminous coal; by state; coal seam depth and thickness; identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-01-31

    Appendix A is a catalog of the bituminous coal in 29 states of the contiguous United States which contain identified bituminous coal resources.

  7. Liquefaction of sub-bituminous coal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schindler, Harvey D.; Chen, James M.

    1986-01-01

    Sub-bituminous coal is directly liquefied in two stages by use of a liquefaction solvent containing insoluble material as well as 850.degree. F.+ material and 850.degree. F.- material derived from the second stage, and controlled temperature and conversion in the second stage. The process is in hydrogen balance.

  8. NETL - Bituminous Baseline Performance and Cost Interactive Tool...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from the Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants - Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity report. The tool provides an interactive summary of the full...

  9. Department of Energy Cites Stanford University for Worker Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & Technology ...

  10. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for ... Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites ...

  11. Department of Energy Cites the University of California and Pacific...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc. for Worker Safety and Health Violations DOE Cites Stanford University and Two ...

  12. Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & ...

  13. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Price-Anderson ...

  14. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Related Articles DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations ...

  15. DOE Cites Stanford University and Two Subcontractors for Worker...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Stanford University for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites the ...

  16. DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Joann Wardrip, (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations DOE Cites Battelle Energy ...

  17. DOE Cites Fluor Fernald Inc. for Nuclear Safety Violations |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cites Fluor Fernald Inc. for Nuclear Safety Violations DOE Cites Fluor Fernald Inc. for Nuclear Safety Violations August 25, 2005 - 2:43pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Department...

  18. Process for removing pyritic sulfur from bituminous coals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pawlak, Wanda (Edmonton, CA); Janiak, Jerzy S. (Edmonton, CA); Turak, Ali A. (Edmonton, CA); Ignasiak, Boleslaw L. (Edmonton, CA)

    1990-01-01

    A process is provided for removing pyritic sulfur and lowering ash content of bituminous coals by grinding the feed coal, subjecting it to micro-agglomeration with a bridging liquid containing heavy oil, separating the microagglomerates and separating them to a water wash to remove suspended pyritic sulfur. In one embodiment the coal is subjected to a second micro-agglomeration step.

  19. NNSA Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory For Nuclear Safety...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory For Nuclear Safety Violations | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

  20. Department of Energy Cites Bechtel Jacobs for Classified Information...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and Los Alamos National Security, LLC for Violations Related to Worker Safety and Health and ...

  1. Department of Energy Cites Bechtel National, Inc. for Worker...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to identify and correct worker safety and health deficiencies at an early stage, before ... Addthis Related Articles DOE Cites Bechtel National Inc. for Price-Anderson Violations DOE ...

  2. Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ...enforcement. Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky, LLC for Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety Violations ...

  3. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES WASHINGTON GROUP INTERNATIONAL, INC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    contaminated. As a result, radiological contamination from the crushed equipment spread from the demolition area to other areas of SPRU and KAPL. The PNOV cites seven...

  4. Sandia Energy - Sandia Solar Energy Test System Cited in National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Solar Energy Test System Cited in National Engineering Competition Home Renewable Energy Energy Facilities Partnership News News & Events Concentrating Solar Power Solar National...

  5. Citing forhttp://en.openei.org/community/blog/commercial-and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    communityblogcommercial-and-residential-hourly-load-data-now-available-openei Home Hi, I am a student at Stanford University, and I would like to know how I should cite the...

  6. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AND PACIFIC...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AND PACIFIC DATA ELECTRIC, INC., FOR WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM VIOLATIONS February 13, 2015 - 2:56pm Department of Energy Cites the University...

  7. Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Media contact(s): (202) 586-4940 Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy ...

  8. DOE Cites Washington TRU Solutions for Nuclear Safety Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy TRU Solutions for Nuclear Safety Violations DOE Cites Washington TRU Solutions for Nuclear Safety Violations December 22, 2005 - 4:53pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Washington TRU Solutions (WTS) that it will fine the company $192,500 for violations of the department's nuclear safety requirements. The Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) issued today cites a number of deficiencies that led to a series of low-level plutonium

  9. OSTI and DataCite - Easing Access and Reuse of Data | OSTI, US...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    OSTI and DataCite - Easing Access and Reuse of Data OSTI joined DataCite DataCite to ... to identify and provide ongoing access to DOE-sponsored R&D results with ...

  10. Department of Energy Cites Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Worker...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for ...

  11. Department of Energy Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC ...

  12. NNSA Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory For Nuclear Safety Violations |

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    National Nuclear Security Administration Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory For Nuclear Safety Violations | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact

  13. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Classified

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Information Security Violations | Department of Energy Classified Information Security Violations Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Classified Information Security Violations February 25, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of a continued effort to hold its contractors accountable, the U.S. Department of Energy today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA), for violations of DOE's classified information

  14. Department of Energy Cites Bechtel Jacobs for Classified Information

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Security and Worker Safety and Health Violations | Department of Energy Jacobs for Classified Information Security and Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Bechtel Jacobs for Classified Information Security and Worker Safety and Health Violations July 16, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy (DOE) today issued two Preliminary Notices of Violation (PNOV) to Bechtel Jacobs Company, LLC (BJC) as part of an ongoing effort to ensure DOE

  15. Department of Energy Cites Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC for Worker

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Safety and Health Violations | Department of Energy Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations August 29, 2013 - 3:30pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC (BSA) for two violations of the Department's worker safety

  16. Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc.

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    for Worker Safety and Health Violations | Department of Energy Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc. for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc. for Worker Safety and Health Violations October 8, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Parsons Infrastructure & Technology Group, Inc. for violations of DOE's worker safety

  17. Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions for Worker

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Safety and Health Violations | Department of Energy Solutions for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions for Worker Safety and Health Violations October 8, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (SRNS) for five violations of DOE's worker safety and health regulations and withheld $3.08 million in contract fee for

  18. DOE Cites Battelle Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Battelle Memorial Institute for Price-Anderson Violations January 3, 2008 - 5:04pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to the Battelle Memorial Institute (Battelle) for nuclear safety violations at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). Battelle is the managing and operating contractor for PNNL in Richland, Washington. The PNOV

  19. DOE Cites Bechtel Jacobs Company for Nuclear Safety Violations | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy Jacobs Company for Nuclear Safety Violations DOE Cites Bechtel Jacobs Company for Nuclear Safety Violations August 4, 2005 - 2:36pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified the Bechtel Jacobs Company (BJC) that it will fine the company $247,500 for violations of the department's nuclear safety requirements. The company is the department's contractor responsible for environmental cleanup and waste management at its Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee.

  20. DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations March 16, 2006 - 12:46pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) that it will fine the company $198,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BNI is the primary design and construction contractor for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The Preliminary

  1. DOE Cites Bechtel National Incorporated for Price-Anderson Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy October 4, 2007 - 3:14pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Bechtel National Incorporated (BNI) that it will fine the company $165,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BNI is the primary design and construction contractor for the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) located at the Hanford Site in Richland, Washington. The Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) issued today cited a series of

  2. DOE Cites University of Chicago for Nuclear Safety Violations | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy University of Chicago for Nuclear Safety Violations DOE Cites University of Chicago for Nuclear Safety Violations March 7, 2006 - 11:42am Addthis WASHINGTON , DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to the University of Chicago (University), the Management and Operating contractor for DOE's Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), for nuclear safety violations identified through several safety reviews and inspections conducted by DOE. A

  3. DOE Cites Washington Closure Hanford for Safety Violations | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Closure Hanford for Safety Violations DOE Cites Washington Closure Hanford for Safety Violations August 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to contractor Washington Closure Hanford (WCH) for violations of DOE's worker safety and health program regulations in 2009 at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. In a continued effort to maintain the highest level of worker safety at DOE sites,

  4. Physical and mechanical properties of bituminous mixtures containing oil shales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katamine, N.M.

    2000-04-01

    Rutting of bituminous surfaces on the Jordanian highways is a recurring problem. Highway authorities are exploring the use of extracted shale oil and oil shale fillers, which are abundant in Jordan. The main objectives of this research are to investigate the rheological properties of shale oil binders (conventional binder with various percentages of shale oil), in comparison with a conventional binder, and to investigate the ability of mixes to resist deformation. The latter is done by considering three wearing course mixes containing three different samples of oil shale fillers--which contained three different oil percentages--together with a standard mixture containing limestone filler. The Marshall design method and the immersion wheel tracking machine were adopted. It was concluded that the shale oil binders displayed inconsistent physical properties and therefore should be treated before being used. The oil shale fillers have provided mixes with higher ability to resist deformation than the standard mix, as measured by the Marshall quotients and the wheel tracking machine. The higher the percentages of oil in the oil shale fillers, the lower the ability of the mixes to resist deformation.

  5. Gasification of high ash, high ash fusion temperature bituminous coals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, Guohai; Vimalchand, Pannalal; Peng, WanWang

    2015-11-13

    This invention relates to gasification of high ash bituminous coals that have high ash fusion temperatures. The ash content can be in 15 to 45 weight percent range and ash fusion temperatures can be in 1150.degree. C. to 1500.degree. C. range as well as in excess of 1500.degree. C. In a preferred embodiment, such coals are dealt with a two stage gasification process--a relatively low temperature primary gasification step in a circulating fluidized bed transport gasifier followed by a high temperature partial oxidation step of residual char carbon and small quantities of tar. The system to process such coals further includes an internally circulating fluidized bed to effectively cool the high temperature syngas with the aid of an inert media and without the syngas contacting the heat transfer surfaces. A cyclone downstream of the syngas cooler, operating at relatively low temperatures, effectively reduces loading to a dust filtration unit. Nearly dust- and tar-free syngas for chemicals production or power generation and with over 90%, and preferably over about 98%, overall carbon conversion can be achieved with the preferred process, apparatus and methods outlined in this invention.

  6. Codes and standards and other guidance cited in regulatory documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nickolaus, J.R.; Bohlander, K.L.

    1996-08-01

    As part of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standard Review Plan Update and Development Program (SRP-UDP), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory developed a listing of industry consensus codes and standards and other government and industry guidance referred to in regulatory documents. The SRP-UDP has been completed and the SRP-Maintenance Program (SRP-MP) is now maintaining this listing. Besides updating previous information, Revision 3 adds approximately 80 citations. This listing identifies the version of the code or standard cited in the regulatory document, the regulatory document, and the current version of the code or standard. It also provides a summary characterization of the nature of the citation. This listing was developed from electronic searches of the Code of Federal Regulations and the NRC`s Bulletins, Information Notices, Circulars, Enforcement Manual, Generic Letters, Inspection Manual, Policy Statements, Regulatory Guides, Standard Technical Specifications and the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800).

  7. DOE/NNSA Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory for Price Anderson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOENNSA Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory for Price Anderson Violations Press Release ... DOENNSA took this action because, if not corrected, the violations could have led to the ...

  8. CITED2 modulates estrogen receptor transcriptional activity in breast cancer cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lau, Wen Min; Doucet, Michele; Huang, David; Weber, Kristy L.; Kominsky, Scott L.

    2013-07-26

    Highlights: •The effects of elevated CITED2 on ER function in breast cancer cells are examined. •CITED2 enhances cell growth in the absence of estrogen and presence of tamoxifen. •CITED2 functions as a transcriptional co-activator of ER in breast cancer cells. -- Abstract: Cbp/p300-interacting transactivator with Glu/Asp-rich carboxy-terminal domain 2 (CITED2) is a member of the CITED family of non-DNA binding transcriptional co-activators of the p300/CBP-mediated transcription complex. Previously, we identified CITED2 as being overexpressed in human breast tumors relative to normal mammary epithelium. Upon further investigation within the estrogen receptor (ER)-positive subset of these breast tumor samples, we found that CITED2 mRNA expression was elevated in those associated with poor survival. In light of this observation, we investigated the effect of elevated CITED2 levels on ER function. While ectopic overexpression of CITED2 in three ER-positive breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, T47D, and CAMA-1) did not alter cell proliferation in complete media, growth was markedly enhanced in the absence of exogenous estrogen. Correspondingly, cells overexpressing CITED2 demonstrated reduced sensitivity to the growth inhibitory effects of the selective estrogen receptor modulator, 4-hydroxytamoxifen. Subsequent studies revealed that basal ER transcriptional activity was elevated in CITED2-overexpressing cells and was further increased upon the addition of estrogen. Similarly, basal and estrogen-induced expression of the ER-regulated genes trefoil factor 1 (TFF1) and progesterone receptor (PGR) was higher in cells overexpressing CITED2. Concordant with this observation, ChIP analysis revealed higher basal levels of CITED2 localized to the TFF-1 and PGR promoters in cells with ectopic overexpression of CITED2, and these levels were elevated further in response to estrogen stimulation. Taken together, these data indicate that CITED2 functions as a transcriptional co-activator of ER in breast cancer cells and that its increased expression in tumors may result in estrogen-independent ER activation, thereby reducing estrogen dependence and response to anti-estrogen therapy.

  9. JV Task 126 - Mercury Control Technologies for Electric Utilities Burning Bituminous Coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Laumb; John Kay; Michael Jones; Brandon Pavlish; Nicholas Lentz; Donald McCollor; Kevin Galbreath

    2009-03-29

    The EERC developed an applied research consortium project to test cost-effective mercury (Hg) control technologies for utilities burning bituminous coals. The project goal was to test innovative Hg control technologies that have the potential to reduce Hg emissions from bituminous coal-fired power plants by {ge}90% at costs of one-half to three-quarters of current estimates for activated carbon injection (ACI). Hg control technology evaluations were performed using the EERC's combustion test facility (CTF). The CTF was fired on pulverized bituminous coals at 550,000 Btu/hr (580 MJ/hr). The CTF was configured with the following air pollution control devices (APCDs): selective catalytic reduction (SCR) unit, electrostatic precipitator (ESP), and wet flue gas desulfurization system (WFDS). The Hg control technologies investigated as part of this project included ACI (three Norit Americas, Inc., and eleven Envergex sorbents), elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) oxidation catalysts (i.e., the noble metals in Hitachi Zosen, Cormetech, and Hitachi SCR catalysts), sorbent enhancement additives (SEAs) (a proprietary EERC additive, trona, and limestone), and blending with a Powder River Basin (PRB) subbituminous coal. These Hg control technologies were evaluated separately, and many were also tested in combination.

  10. Cornell boasts 22 'highly cited' researchers > Archived News Stories > The

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Materials Center at Cornell Archived News Stories Latest News The perfect atom sandwich requires an extra layer › Cornell boasts 22 'highly cited' researchers › Postdoc brings open access issue to the table › In This Section EMC2 News Archived News Stories Cornell boasts 22 'highly cited' researchers July 7th, 2014 › Sciencewatch named 22 Cornell scientists to its list of Highly Cited Researchers in science and social sciences fields. "These researchers earned the

  11. Department of Energy Cites Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Nuclear...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations DOE Site Lead Joel Bradburne, Site Director Dr. Vince Adams ...

  12. DOE Cites CH2M Hill Hanford for Violating Nuclear Safety Rules...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for Violating Nuclear Safety Rules DOE Cites CH2M Hill Hanford for Violating Nuclear Safety Rules March 10, 2005 - 10:44am Addthis Hanford Tank Farm Contractor Faces Fine of more ...

  13. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES FLUOR B&W PORTSMOUTH, LLC FOR NUCLEAR...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AND RADIATION PROTECTION VIOLATIONS January 30, 2015 - 4:14pm Share on emailShare on facebook NEWS MEDIA CONTACT * 202 586 4940 * DOENews@hq.doe.gov Department of Energy Cites...

  14. Two NREL Scientists Named to Highly Cited Researcher List - News Releases |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL Two NREL Scientists Named to Highly Cited Researcher List Federal Labs Consortium recognizes NREL Education Programs Manager August 6, 2014 Photos of Art Nozik (left) and Keith Emery (right) Two scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Art Nozik (left) and Keith Emery (right) were selected from a group of about 200 researchers globally in each of their fields-chemistry and engineering, respectively-for inclusion in the Highly Cited Researchers list.

  15. OSTI Employees Cited for Central Roles in Science.gov | OSTI, US Dept of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information Employees Cited for Central Roles in Science.gov December 23, 2005 Oak Ridge, TN - The Office of Scientific and Technical Information's Sharon Jordan and Valerie Allen were recently cited for their central roles in the creation and ongoing development of Science.gov, a federal science Web portal. Jordan, Assistant Director of Program Integration for OSTI, and Allen, Product Manager of Science.gov - along with Jean Bowers, National

  16. Department of Energy Cites Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Nuclear Safety and

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Radiation Protection Violations | Department of Energy Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Violations Department of Energy Cites Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Violations January 30, 2015 - 4:14pm Addthis News Media Contact 202 586 4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov Department of Energy Cites Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Violations WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of

  17. Department of Energy Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety and Health

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program Violations | Department of Energy Energy Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety and Health Program Violations Department of Energy Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety and Health Program Violations June 17, 2015 - 3:01pm Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to UT-Battelle, LLC, (UTB) for violations of DOE worker safety and health requirements.

  18. DOE/NNSA Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory for Price Anderson Violations

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    | National Nuclear Security Administration Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory for Price Anderson Violations | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact

  19. DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Price-Anderson Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Price-Anderson Violations December 3, 2007 - 4:44pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) that it will fine the company $123,750 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. BEA is the DOE Idaho Operations Office prime contractor for the operation of the Neutron Radiography (NRAD) reactor. The Neutron

  20. DOE Cites Fluor Fernald Inc. for Nuclear Safety Violations | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Fluor Fernald Inc. for Nuclear Safety Violations DOE Cites Fluor Fernald Inc. for Nuclear Safety Violations August 25, 2005 - 2:43pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Fluor Fernald, Inc. (Fluor Fernald) that it will fine the company $33,000 for violations of the department's nuclear safety requirements. Fluor Fernald is the department's contractor responsible for environmental cleanup activities at the Fernald Closure Project. The Preliminary

  1. DOE Cites Stanford University and Two Subcontractors for Worker Safety and

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Health Violations | Department of Energy Stanford University and Two Subcontractors for Worker Safety and Health Violations DOE Cites Stanford University and Two Subcontractors for Worker Safety and Health Violations April 3, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued Preliminary Notices of Violation (PNOVs) to three contractors - Stanford University, Pacific Underground Construction, Inc., and Western Allied Mechanical, Inc. - for violations in September 2007 of

  2. DOE Cites UChicago Argonne, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy UChicago Argonne, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations DOE Cites UChicago Argonne, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations April 30, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to UChicago Argonne, LLC, for violations of the Department's worker safety and health regulations. UChicago Argonne is the managing and operating contractor for DOE's Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), located in

  3. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Nuclear Safety

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Radiation Protection Violations | Department of Energy for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Violations Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Violations October 4, 2012 - 3:18pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) for two radiological incidents which occurred at the Idaho

  4. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Health Violations | Department of Energy for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations June 20, 2014 - 2:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA), for five violations of DOE's worker safety and health regulations. Worker safety is a priority for the Department, and DOE's enforcement

  5. Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC for Worker

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Safety and Health Violations | Department of Energy Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations November 9, 2012 - 5:50pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (SRNS) for violations of the Department's worker safety

  6. Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and Los Alamos

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    National Security, LLC for Violations Related to Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety | Department of Energy Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and Los Alamos National Security, LLC for Violations Related to Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and Los Alamos National Security, LLC for Violations Related to Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety February 19, 2016 - 8:40am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department

  7. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES STANFORD UNIVERSITY FOR WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    STANFORD UNIVERSITY FOR WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH VIOLATIONS November 21, 2014 - 11:25am Share on emailShare on facebook NEWS MEDIA CONTACT * 202-586-4940 Department of Energy Cites Stanford University for Worker Safety and Health Violations WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Stanford University (Stanford) for four violations of the Department's worker safety and health regulations. Worker safety is a priority for the Department, and

  8. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AND PACIFIC DATA ELECTRIC,

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AND PACIFIC DATA ELECTRIC, INC., FOR WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAM VIOLATIONS February 13, 2015 - 2:56pm Department of Energy Cites the University of California and Pacific Data Electric, Inc., for Worker Safety and Health Program Violations WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to the University of California (UC) and Pacific Data Electric, Inc. (PDE) for violations of DOE worker safety and health

  9. Department of Energy Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety and Health Program Violations WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to UT-Battelle, LLC, (UTB) for violations of DOE worker safety and health requirements. DOE's enforcement program holds contractors accountable for meeting regulatory requirements and maintaining a safe and healthy workplace. The violations are associated with program elements for the assessment and control of

  10. Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL) process bench studies with bituminous coal. Final report, [October 1, 1988--December 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Johanson, E.S.; Karolkiewicz, W.F.; Lee, L.K.; Stalzer, R.H.; Smith, T.O.

    1993-03-01

    Reported herein are the details and results of Laboratory and Bench-Scale experiments using bituminous coal concluded at Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., under DOE contract during the period October 1, 1988 to December 31, 1992. The work described is primarily concerned with the application of coal cleaning methods and solids separation methods to the Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL) Process. Additionally a predispersed catalyst was evaluated in a thermal/catalytic configuration, and an alternative nickel molybdenum catalyst was evaluated for the CTSL process. Three coals were evaluated in this program: Bituminous Illinois No. 6 Burning Star and Sub-bituminous Wyoming Black Thunder and New Mexico McKinley Mine seams. The results from a total of 16 bench-scale runs are reported and analyzed in detail. The tests involving the Illinois coal are reported herein, and the tests involving the Wyoming and New Mexico coals are described in Topical Report No. 1. On the laboratory scale, microautoclave tests evaluating coal, start-up oils, catalysts, thermal treatment, CO{sub 2} addition and sulfur compound effects are reported in Topical Report No. 3. Other microautoclave tests, such as tests on rejuvenated catalyst, coker liquids, and cleaned coals, are described in the Bench Run sections to which they refer. The microautoclave tests conducted for modelling the CTSL process are described in the CTSL Modelling section of Topical Report No. 3 under this contract.

  11. Best Seller Cites Westinghouse Safety Culture at WIPP as "World-Wide Standard"

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Best Seller Cites Westinghouse Safety Culture at WIPP As "World-Wide Standard" CARLSBAD, N.M., October 23, 2001 -- A best-selling business book recognizes the safety culture created by Westinghouse at the U.S. Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) located near Carlsbad, New Mexico, as "the worldwide standard for safety practices." The book, originally published by Linkage Press of Lexington, Massachusetts, as Linkage Inc.'s Best Practices in Organization

  12. DOE Cites Bechtel National Inc. for Price-Anderson Violations | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy September 15, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) for a nuclear safety violation at DOE's Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. BNI is the contractor responsible for the design and construction of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. The PNOV cites a violation of 10 C.F.R. Part 708, DOE

  13. DOE Cites Bechtel National Inc. for Price-Anderson Violations | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy Inc. for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites Bechtel National Inc. for Price-Anderson Violations December 3, 2008 - 4:58pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Bechtel National, Inc. (BNI) for nuclear safety violations at DOE's Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. BNI is the contractor responsible for the design and construction of the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) at the Hanford

  14. DOE Cites CH2M-Washington Group Idaho for Price-Anderson Violations |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy M-Washington Group Idaho for Price-Anderson Violations DOE Cites CH2M-Washington Group Idaho for Price-Anderson Violations June 14, 2007 - 1:40pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today notified CH2M-Washington Group Idaho (CWI) that it will fine the company $55,000 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. CWI is the prime contractor responsible for managing the Idaho Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Laboratory site.

  15. Department of Energy Cites Bechtel National, Inc. for Worker Safety and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health Violations | Department of Energy Bechtel National, Inc. for Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites Bechtel National, Inc. for Worker Safety and Health Violations May 31, 2012 - 2:28pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Bechtel National, Incorporated (BNI) for two material handling incidents that occurred on July 16, 2010, and March 16, 2011, at the

  16. Department of Energy Cites LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky, LLC for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety Violations | Department of Energy LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky, LLC for Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety Violations Department of Energy Cites LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky, LLC for Worker Safety and Health and Nuclear Safety Violations May 24, 2012 - 3:32pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to LATA

  17. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES FLUOR B&W PORTSMOUTH, LLC FOR NUCLEAR SAFETY AND

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FLUOR B&W PORTSMOUTH, LLC FOR NUCLEAR SAFETY AND RADIATION PROTECTION VIOLATIONS January 30, 2015 - 4:14pm Share on emailShare on facebook NEWS MEDIA CONTACT * 202 586 4940 * DOENews@hq.doe.gov Department of Energy Cites Fluor B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection Violations WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Fluor B&W Portsmouth (FBP) for violations of the DOE's nuclear safety and

  18. Electricity and technical progress: The bituminous coal mining industry, mechanization to automation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devine, W.D. Jr.

    1987-07-01

    Development and use of electric mobile machinery facilitated the mechanization of underground bituminous coal mining and has played a lesser but important role in the growth of surface mining. Electricity has been central to the rise of mechanically integrated mining, both underground (after 1950) and on the surface (recently). Increasing labor productivity in coal mining and decreasing total energy use per ton of coal mined are associated with penetration of new electric technology through at least 1967. Productivity declined and energy intensity increased during the 1970s due in part to government regulations. Recent productivity gains stem partly from new technology that permits automation of certain mining operations. On most big electric excavating machines, a pair of large alternating current (ac) motors operate continuously at full speed. These drive direct current (dc) generators that energize dc motors, each matched to the desired power and speed range of a particular machine function. Direct-current motors provide high torque at low speeds, thus reducing the amount of gearing required; each crawler is independently propelled forward or backward by its own variable-speed dc motors. The principal advantages of electric power are that mechanical power-transmission systems - shafts, gears, etc. - are eliminated or greatly simplified. Reliability is higher, lifetime is longer, and maintenance is much simpler with electric power than with diesel power, and the spare parts inventory is considerably smaller. 100 refs., 11 figs., 12 tabs.

  19. Linkages and aromatic clusters in a bituminous coal: Final report, September 1, 1985--September 30, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, K.E.

    1988-10-01

    The distribution and arrangement of aromatic clusters, oxygen functional groups, and linkages in an Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal were determined by controlled solubilization of the coal, followed by solvent fractionation of the soluble product and detailed analyses of the product fractions. The solubilization was carried out in reactions with NaOH/ethanol/H/sub 2/O at temperatures of 260/degree/, 300/degree/ and 320/degree/C. Elemental balance and spectroscopic data revealed that the oxygen functional groups of the coal were attacked selectively in the solubilization process, resulting in an orderly definable diminution of the complex coal structure. Also aliphatic linkages present in selected solubilized product fractions were subjected to a transalkylation reaction. A molecular structural model specific to the Illinois coal was constructed, and the hydroliquefaction behavior of the coal was evaluated in terms of potential product distribution and hydrogen consumption. The structural characteristics are compared with those of a Wyoming subbituminous coal in our previous study. 9 refs., 16 figs., 11 tabs.

  20. Codes and standards and other guidance cited in regulatory documents. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ankrum, A.; Nickolaus, J.; Vinther, R.; Maguire-Moffitt, N.; Hammer, J.; Sherfey, L.; Warner, R.

    1994-08-01

    As part of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Standard Review Plan Update and Development Program, Pacific Northwest Laboratory developed a listing of industry consensus codes and standards and other government and industry guidance referred to in regulatory documents. In addition to updating previous information, Revision 1 adds citations from the NRC Inspection Manual and the Improved Standard Technical Specifications. This listing identifies the version of the code or standard cited in the regulatory document, the regulatory document, and the current version of the code or standard. It also provides a summary characterization of the nature of the citation. This listing was developed from electronic searches of the Code of Federal Regulations and the NRC`s Bulletins, Information Notices, Circulars, Generic Letters, Policy Statements, Regulatory Guides, and the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800).

  1. AR-CITE: Analysis of Search Results for the Clarification and Identification of Technology Emergence

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-06-15

    The Analysis of Search Results for the Clarification and Identification of Technology Emergence (AR-CITE) computer code examines a scientometric model that tracks the emergence of an identified technology from initial discovery (via original scientific and conference literature), through critical discoveries (via original scientific, conference literature and patents), transitioning through Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) and ultimately on to commercial currency of citations, collaboration indicators, and on-line news patterns are identified. The combinations of four distinct andmore »separate searchable on-line networked sources (i.e. scholarly publications and citation, world patents, news archives, and on-line mapping networks) are assembled to become one collective network (a dataset for analysis of relations). This established network becomes the basis from which to quickly analyze the temporal flow of activity (searchable events) for the subject domain to be clarified and identified.« less

  2. Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL{trademark}) process bench studies and PDU scale-up with sub-bituminous coal. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Johanson, E.S.; Karolkiewicz, W.F.; Lee, L.K.T.; Stalzer, R.H.; Smith, T.O.

    1993-03-01

    Reported are the details and results of Laboratory and Bench-Scale experiments using sub-bituminous coal conducted at Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., under DOE Contract No. DE-AC22-88PC88818 during the period October 1, 1988 to December 31, 1992. The work described is primarily concerned with testing of the baseline Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL{trademark}) process with comparisons with other two stage process configurations, catalyst evaluations and unit operations such as solid separation, pretreatments, on-line hydrotreating, and an examination of new concepts. In the overall program, three coals were evaluated, bituminous Illinois No. 6, Burning Star and sub-bituminous Wyoming Black Thunder and New Mexico McKinley Mine seams. The results from a total of 16 bench-scale runs are reported and analyzed in detail. The runs (experiments) concern process variables, variable reactor volumes, catalysts (both supported, dispersed and rejuvenated), coal cleaned by agglomeration, hot slurry treatments, reactor sequence, on-line hydrotreating, dispersed catalyst with pretreatment reactors and CO{sub 2}/coal effects. The tests involving the Wyoming and New Mexico Coals are reported herein, and the tests involving the Illinois coal are described in Topical Report No. 2. On a laboratory scale, microautoclave tests evaluating coal, start-up oils, catalysts, thermal treatment, CO{sub 2} addition and sulfur compound effects were conducted and reported in Topical Report No. 3. Other microautoclave tests are described in the Bench Run sections to which they refer such as: rejuvenated catalyst, coker liquids and cleaned coals. The microautoclave tests conducted for modelling the CTSL{trademark} process are described in the CTSL{trademark} Modelling section of Topical Report No. 3 under this contract.

  3. Detection of rare earth elements in Powder River Basin sub-bituminous coal ash using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tran, Phuoc

    2015-10-01

    We reported our preliminary results on the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to analyze the rare earth elements contained in ash samples from Powder River Basin sub-bituminous coal (PRB-coal). We have identified many elements in the lanthanide series (cerium, europium, holmium, lanthanum, lutetium, praseodymium, promethium, samarium, terbium, ytterbium) and some elements in the actinide series (actinium, thorium, uranium, plutonium, berkelium, californium) in the ash samples. In addition, various metals were also seen to present in the ash samples

  4. Duct Leakage Modeling in EnergyPlus and Analysis of Energy Savings from Implementing SAV with InCITeTM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, Craig; Sherman, Max

    2010-03-01

    This project addressed two significant deficiencies in air-handling systems for large commercial building: duct leakage and duct static pressure reset. Both constitute significant energy reduction opportunities for these buildings. The overall project goal is to bridge the gaps in current duct performance modeling capabilities, and to expand our understanding of air-handling system performance in California large commercial buildings. The purpose of this project is to provide technical support for the implementation of a duct leakage modeling capability in EnergyPlus, to demonstrate the capabilities of the new model, and to carry out analyses of field measurements intended to demonstrate the energy saving potential of the SAV with InCITeTM duct static pressure reset (SPR) technology. A new duct leakage model has been successfully implemented in EnergyPlus, which will enable simulation users to assess the impacts of leakage on whole-building energy use and operation in a coupled manner. This feature also provides a foundation to support code change proposals and compliance analyses related to Title 24 where duct leakage is an issue. Our example simulations continue to show that leaky ducts substantially increase fan power: 10percent upstream and 10percent downstream leakage increases supply fan power 30percent on average compared to a tight duct system (2.5percent upstream and 2.5percent downstream leakage). Much of this increase is related to the upstream leakage rather than to the downstream leakage. This does not mean, however, that downstream leakage is unimportant. Our simulations also demonstrate that ceiling heat transfer is a significant effect that needs to be included when assessing the impacts of duct leakage in large commercial buildings. This is not particularly surprising, given that ?ceiling regain? issues have already been included in residential analyses as long as a decade ago (e.g., ASHRAE Standard 152); mainstream simulation programs that are used for large commercial building energy analyses have not had this capability until now. Our analyses of data that we collected during our 2005 tests of the SAV with InCITeTM duct static pressure reset technology show that this technology can substantially reduce fan power (in this case, by about 25 to 30percent). Tempering this assessment, however, is that cooling and heating coil loads were observed to increase or decrease significantly depending on the time window used. Their impact on cooling and heating plant power needs to be addressed in future studies; without translating the coil loads to plant equipment energy use, it is not possible to judge the net impact of this SPR technology on whole-building energy use. If all of the loads had decreased, such a step would not be as necessary.

  5. Evaluation of Control Strategies to Effectively Meet 70-90% Mercury Reduction on an Eastern Bituminous Coal Cyclone Boiler with SCR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tom Campbell

    2008-12-31

    This is the final site report for testing conducted at Public Service of New Hampshire's (PSNH) Merrimack Unit 2 (MK2). This project was funded through the DOE/NETL Innovations for Existing Plants program. It was a Phase III project with the goal to develop mercury control technologies that can achieve 50-70% mercury capture at costs 25-50% less than baseline estimates of $50,000-$70,000/lb of mercury removed. While results from testing at Merrimack indicate that the DOE goal was partially achieved, further improvements in the process are recommended. Merrimack burned a test blend of eastern bituminous and Venezuelan coals, for a target coal sulfur content of 1.2%, in its 335-MW Unit 2. The blend ratio is approximately a 50/50 split between the two coals. Various sorbent injection tests were conducted on the flue gas stream either in front of the air preheater (APH) or in between the two in-series ESPs. Initial mercury control evaluations indicated that, without SO3 control, the sorbent concentration required to achieve 50% control would not be feasible, either economically or within constraints specific to the maximum reasonable particle loading to the ESP. Subsequently, with SO{sub 3} control via trona injection upstream of the APH, economically feasible mercury removal rates could be achieved with PAC injection, excepting balance-of-plant concerns. The results are summarized along with the impacts of the dual injection process on the air heater, ESP operation, and particulate emissions.

  6. Compendium of NASA Data Base for the Global Tropospheric Experiment`s Chemical Instrumentation Test and Evaluation No. 3 (CITE-3)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregory, G.L.; Scott, A.D. Jr.

    1996-03-01

    This compendium describes aircraft data that are available from NASA`s Chemical Instrumentation Test and Evaluation - 3 (CITE-3) conducted over the north and tropical Atlantic Ocean during August/September 1989. CITE-3 objectives were to intercompare instrumentation for aircraft measurements of SO2, DMS (dimethyl sulfide), COS (carbonyl sulfide), C2S, and H2S and to determine for the marine environment, the abundance and distribution of these sulfur species. Sampling was conducted aboard the NASA Wallops Electra aircraft in ambient air over the North Atlantic Ocean east of Wallops Island, Virginia, and the tropical Atlantic east of Natal, Brazil. Intercomparison measurements included 5 techniques for SO2; 6 for DMS; and 3 each for COS, CS2, and H2S. Ancillary data important to ozone photochemistry and sulfur partitioning chemistry were also measured. This document provides a representation of NASA Electra data that are available from NASA Langley`s Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). The DAAC data bases include other data such as meteorological data/products, results from surface studies, satellite observations, and data from sonde releases.

  7. Process for preparing bituminous composition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berggren, M.A.

    1991-07-30

    This patent describes a process to produce a bitumen composition. It comprises providing a carbon black composition comprising carbon black with less than 10% by weight of the carbon black composition being bitumen and carbon black particles being of a particle size of from about 5 to 500 nanometers; blending the carbon black composition with 2 or more parts by weight of a block copolymer and less than 10% by weight bitumen, based on the total amount of block copolymer composition, the block copolymer selected from the group consisting of hydrogenated and unhydrogenated block copolymers, the block copolymer, before hydrogenation, combining the carbon black composition block copolymer blend with an amount of bitumen which results in 100 parts by weight of bitumen plus block copolymer to form a polymeric bitumen composition.

  8. S.2005: This act may be cited as the TVA Customer Protection Act of 1998, introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, April 29, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-31

    This Act cited as the TVA Customer Protection Act of 1998 is to amend the Federal Power Act to ensure that certain Federal power customers are provided protection by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and for other purposes. The topics of the act include disposition of property; foreign operations, protections; TVA power sales; filing and full disclosure of TVA documents; applicability of the antitrust laws; savings provision, and provision of construction equipment, contracting and engineering services.

  9. Template:Cite | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    reference page and display it If I,Robot doesn't exist yet, the template will return a red link specially coded to open in the Reference form so that it can be easily added...

  10. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES SAVANNAH RIVER NUCLEAR SOLUTIONS,...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    regulations in the areas of: (1) identification, assessment, prevention, and abatement of hazards; (2) scaffold safety; (3) training and information; and (4) occupational medicine. ...

  11. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES STANFORD UNIVERSITY FOR WORKER SAFETY...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    851, Worker Safety and Health Program, in the areas of hazard identification and assessment; hazard prevention and abatement; training and information; and occupational medicine. ...

  12. Department of Energy Cites Fluor-B&W

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the potential for death or serious physical harm resulting from a workplace hazard. ... In accordance with DOE's statutory authorities, DOE is imposing no further penalty for the ...

  13. DRAFT-DO NOT CITE Securing America's Future: Realizing the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the DOE FY 2016 Budget Justification Total budget figures provided by DOE Chief Financial Officer. Contractor-submitted calendar year 2014 data to the Office of...

  14. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AND PACIFIC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The violations are associated with a 277-volt electrical shock received by a PDE apprentice electrician at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory on November 19, 2013. The PNOV ...

  15. Department of Energy Cites Washington Group International, Inc...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Inc. (WGI) for a September 2010 incident that violated the Department's radiation protection and nuclear safety regulations, and has proposed a 412,500 civil penalty. ...

  16. Four Ames Laboratory physicists named "highly cited" by Thomson...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Their work is not only a credit to our materials research efforts here, but also to the body of scientific knowledge at large." Ames Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy...

  17. Department of Energy Cites LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Additional details on this and other enforcement actions are available on the Office of Health, Safety and Security website at www.hss.doe.govenforce. Addthis Related Articles ...

  18. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Level II violation, with a total base civil penalty of ... for death or serious physical harm could result from a ... In response to the incident, BEA implemented comprehensive ...

  19. Department of Energy Cites LATA Environmental Services of Kentucky...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Gaseous Diffusion Plant. The violations are associated with a March 9, 2011, heat stress event during which an employee lost consciousness; and a May 22, 2011, event resulting...

  20. Department of Energy Cites Bechtel Jacobs for Classified Information...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Restricted Data under the Atomic Energy Act, and was sentenced to six years in prison. Following the security event, BJC in consultation with the Department immediately...

  1. Department of Energy Cites Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The violations are associated with a November 29, 2011, fall ... and assessment; hazard prevention and abatement; and ... In response to the fall injury event, BSA implemented ...

  2. DRAFT - DO NOT CITE Securing America's Future: Realizing the

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    * Maintaining alignment and quality * Maximizing impact * Managing effectiveness and efficiency * Ensuring lasting change Recognizing Value The National Laboratories provide...

  3. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES WASHINGTON GROUP INTERNATIONAL, INC. FOR RADIATION

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    WASHINGTON GROUP INTERNATIONAL, INC. FOR RADIATION PROTECTION AND NUCLEAR SAFETY VIOLATIONS September 1, 2011 - 4:07pm WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Washington Group International, Inc. (WGI) for a September 2010 incident that violated the Department's radiation protection and nuclear safety regulations, and has proposed a $412,500 civil penalty. The violations are associated with a radiological contamination incident that

  4. Department of Energy Cites Fluor-B&W

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations July 8, 2014 - 2:30pm WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC (FBP) for three violations of worker safety and health regulations associated with an incident at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Piketon, Ohio. The incident took place on October 9, 2012 in which a 60-ton mobile hydraulic crane tipped over onto its front

  5. Updated Costs (June 2011 Basis) for Selected Bituminous Baseline...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has been eliminated in the current version. * Cases 1, 2, 13 and 14, Account 7.1 (Heat Recovery Steam Generator): The HRSG costs were re-calibrated using a series of more recent...

  6. Power council cites Tacoma homes - the Grand Coulee Dam of the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Riley, M.

    1984-07-01

    The energy-efficient building codes adopted by Tacoma, Washington will give the city a reservoir of power comparable to the water stored behind Grand Coulee Dam. The code standards reduce energy requirements 60%, a saving that will continue through the 50- to 60-year service life of the houses. The first to adopt the Northwest Power Planning Council (NWPPC) Model Conservation Stardards, Tacoma recognized that current electric power surpluses are temporary and that conservation is the cheapest way to get new power. The city adopted the plan despite its low rates because economic growth is likely to come from power-intensive industries. A support package for the plan combines building code compliance, an information system, marketing, and financial incentives.

  7. DOE Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA) for violations of the Department's worker safety...

  8. Department of Energy Cites URS-Washington Division for Worker Safety Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to URS -Washington Division (URS-WD) based on an investigation of an October 2010 incident...

  9. Department of Energy Cites Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Fluor-B&W Portsmouth, LLC (FBP) for three violations of worker safety and health regulations associated with an incident at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Piketon, Ohio.

  10. Department of Energy Cites UT-Battelle, LLC, for Worker Safety

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The violations are associated with program elements for the assessment and control of ergonomic and material handling hazards that were associated with a series of events beginning...

  11. DOE Cites CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc. for Price-Anderson Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) for nuclear safety violations.  CHG is the tank...

  12. DOE Cites CH2M Hill Hanford Group for Price-Anderson Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified CH2M Hill Hanford Group (CHG) that it will fine the company $82,500 for violations of the Department's nuclear safety requirements. ...

  13. WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES. DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS AEO2016

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    February 1, 2016 MEMORANDUM TO: John Conti Assistant Administrator for Energy Analysis Jim Diefenderfer Director, Office of Electricity, Coal, Nuclear, and Renewables Analysis FROM: Coal and Uranium Analysis Team SUBJECT: Notes from the First AEO2016 Coal Working Group Meeting workshop held on December 1, 2015 Attendees (47) Name Affiliation Ross, Joey Alliance Resource Partners, L.P. Alfaro, Jose L. Alpha Natural Resources Blumenfeld, Andy Arch Coal, Inc. Lewandowski, David Clean Energy James,

  14. Department of Energy Cites Stanford University for Worker Safety and Health Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON – The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Stanford University (Stanford) for four violations of the Department's worker safety and health regulations.

  15. DOE Cites Safety and Ecology Corp. for Violating Nuclear Safety Rules

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The Department of Energy (DOE) today notified Safety and Ecology Corporation, the contractor responsible for radiological safety at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Project in...

  16. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY CITES SAVANNAH RIVER NUCLEAR SOLUTIONS, LLC FOR WORKER

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    SAVANNAH RIVER NUCLEAR SOLUTIONS, LLC FOR WORKER SAFETY AND HEALTH VIOLATIONS November 9, 2012 - 5:50pm WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (SRNS) for violations of the Department's worker safety and health regulations. The violations are associated with a July 1, 2011, incident that occurred while a worker was using a Tele-Tower ® scaffold to perform facility modifications in the Purification

  17. Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Worker Safety and Health Violations June 20, 2014 - 2:00pm WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC (BEA), for five violations of DOE's worker safety and health regulations. Worker safety is a priority for the Department, and DOE's enforcement program supports this priority by holding contractors accountable for meeting regulatory requirements and maintaining a

  18. Department of Energy Cites Washington Group International, Inc. for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. – The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to Washington Group International, Inc. (WGI) for a September 2010 incident that violated the...

  19. Development and evaluation of an automated reflectance microscope system for the petrographic characterization of bituminous coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoover, D. S.; Davis, A.

    1980-10-01

    The development of automated coal petrographic techniques will lessen the demands on skilled personnel to do routine work. This project is concerned with the development and successful testing of an instrument which will meet these needs. The fundamental differences in reflectance of the three primary maceral groups should enable their differentiation in an automated-reflectance frequency histogram (reflectogram). Consequently, reflected light photometry was chosen as the method for automating coal petrographic analysis. Three generations of an automated system (called Rapid Scan Versions I, II and III) were developed and evaluated for petrographic analysis. Their basic design was that of a reflected-light microscope photometer with an automatic stage, interfaced with a minicomputer. The hardware elements used in the Rapid Scan Version I limited the system's flexibility and presented problems with signal digitization and measurement precision. Rapid Scan Version II was designed to incorporate a new microscope photometer and computer system. A digital stepping stage was incorporated into the Rapid Scan Version III system. The precision of reflectance determination of this system was found to be +- 0.02 percent reflectance. The limiting factor in quantitative interpretation of Rapid Scan reflectograms is the resolution of reflectance populations of the individual maceral groups. Statistical testing indicated that reflectograms were highly reproducible, and a new computer program, PETAN, was written to interpret the curves for vitrinite reflectance parameters ad petrographic.

  20. Effects of preoxidation on the swelling and softening of bituminous coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maloney, D. J.; Jenkins, R. G.; Walker, Jr., P. L.

    1980-04-01

    A study was conducted to evaluate the applicability of a DuPont 942-TMA (Thermomechanical Analyzer) dilatometer system for the characterization of the swelling and softening properties of caking coals. The results of this investigation demonstrate the utility of this dilatometer system. Several parameters clearly defined with this unit are characteristic of the plastic transitions occurring upon carbonization. These include softening, dilation and resolidification temperature and volume contraction, expansion and total dilation values. The transition parameters measured with the 942-TMA unit are influenced significantly by coal particle size, dilatometer load, and heating rate. All transition temperatures exhibit marked increases with increasing heating rate. Softening temperatures decrease with increasing load and particle size. Dilation temperatures are essentially independent of dilatometer load effects and resolidification temperatures are independent of load and particle size over the range of conditions used in this study. Volume contraction and expansion values show an increase with decreasing coal particle size. Volume expansion values also exhibit strong heating rate and load dependencies. The results point up the great difficulty involved in obtaining truly fresh unoxidized coal samples. Storage of fine coal particles for extended periods of time in atmospheres with even slight oxygen concentrations show signs of weathering. Exposure of an HVA coal to dry air at ambient temperature has much less effect on subsequent swelling and softening properties than does exposure to moist air.

  1. Eastern gas shales bibliography selected annotations: gas, oil, uranium, etc. Citations in bituminous shales worldwide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, V.S.

    1980-06-01

    This bibliography contains 2702 citations, most of which are annotated. They are arranged by author in numerical order with a geographical index following the listing. The work is international in scope and covers the early geological literature, continuing through 1979 with a few 1980 citations in Addendum II. Addendum I contains a listing of the reports, well logs and symposiums of the Unconventional Gas Recovery Program (UGR) through August 1979. There is an author-subject index for these publications following the listing. The second part of Addendum I is a listing of the UGR maps which also has a subject-author index following the map listing. Addendum II includes several important new titles on the Devonian shale as well as a few older citations which were not found until after the bibliography had been numbered and essentially completed. A geographic index for these citations follows this listing.

  2. WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    December 9, 2015 MEMORANDUM FOR: JOHN CONTI ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR FOR ENERGY ANALYSIS PAUL HOLTBERG TEAM LEADER ANALYSIS INTEGRATION TEAM JAMES TURNURE DIRECTOR OFFICE OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION & EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS LYNN WESTFALL DIRECTOR OFFICE OF ENERGY MARKETS & FINANCIAL ANALYSIS FROM: MACROECONOMIC & INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION & EFFICIENCY ANALYSIS TEAMS SUBJECT: First AEO2016 Macro-Industrial Working Group Meeting Summary, presented on 12-03-2016 Attendees: Bob Adler (EIA)

  3. WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    December 23, 2015 MEMORANDUM FOR: John Conti Assistant Administrator for Energy Analysis Jim Diefenderfer Office Director Office of Electricity, Coal, Nuclear, and Renewables Analysis Paul Holtberg Team Leader Analysis Integration Team FROM: Chris Namovicz Team Leader for Renewable Electricity Analysis And Renewable Electricity Analysis Team SUBJECT: Summary of AEO2015 Renewable Electricity Working Group Meeting held on December 7, 2015 Presenters: Chris Namovicz Topics included AEO2016 model

  4. Department of Energy Cites the University of California and Pacific Data Electric, Inc., for Worker Safety and Health Program Violations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON – The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has issued a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV) to the University of California (UC) and Pacific Data Electric, Inc. (PDE) for violations of DOE worker safety and health requirements. Worker safety is a priority for the Department, and DOE’s enforcement program supports this priority by holding contractors accountable for meeting regulatory requirements and maintaining a safe and healthy workplace.

  5. EIA - Weekly U.S. Coal Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rounding. Bituminous and Lignite Total includes bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, and lignite, and Anthracite Total includes Pennsylvania anthracite. The States in...

  6. S. 790: This Act may be cited as the Motor Fuel Consumer Protection Act of 1991, introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, April 9, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This bill would amend the antitrust laws in order to preserve and promote wholesale and retail competition in the retail gasoline market. The bill describes limits on the ownership and operation of service stations. The main provision is the it shall be unlawful for any producer or refiner to require any retail motor fuel dealer to purchase more than 70% of the monthly retail sales of motor fuel from such refiner or producer. Motor fuel refers to gasoline, diesel fuel, alcohol, or any mixture of these sold for use in automobiles and related vehicles.

  7. H. R. 788: This Act may be cited as the Uranium Enrichment Reorganization Act, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, February 4, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This bill would maintain a competitive, financially strong, and secure uranium enrichment capability in the US by reorganizing the uranium enrichment enterprise. The bill amends the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 by establishing the United States Uranium Enrichment Corporation. This bill describes general provisions; the establishment of the corporation; powers and duties of the corporation; organization, finance, and management; licensing, taxation, and miscellaneous provisions; decontamination, decommissioning, and remedial action.

  8. H. R. 3532: This act may be cited as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, March 24, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-03-24

    This bill authorizes appropriations for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for fiscal year 1999. It is divided into the following sections: Section 1. Short title; Section 102. Allocation of amounts authorized; Section 103. Retention of funds; Section 104. Transfer of certain funds; Section 105. Limitation; Section 106. License fee exemption; Section 107. NRC user fees and actual charges. Section 201. Office location; Section 202. Period of a combined license; Section 203. Gift acceptance authority; Section 204. Carrying of firearms by licensee employees; Section 205. Sabotage of production, utilization or waste storage facilities under construction; Section 206. Unauthorized introduction of dangerous weapons; and Section 207. Continuation of Commissioner service.

  9. S.2058: This act may be cited as the Department of Energy National Security Act for Fiscal Year 1999, introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, May 11, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-31

    This bill is to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1999 for defense activities of the Department of Energy, and for other purposes. Topics addressed in the bill include DOE national security programs including recurring general provisions and program authorizations, restrictions,and limitations; defense nuclear facilities safety board; national defense stockpile; naval petroleum reserves; and Panama Canal commission.

  10. H. R. 3743: This Act may be cited as the Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1998, Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, April 29, 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1998-04-29

    The purpose of this bill is to withhold voluntary proportional assistance for programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency relating to the development and completion of the Bushehr nuclear power plant in Iran, and for other purposes. This bill is divided into the following sections: Section 1. Short Title; Section 2. Findings; Section 3. Withholding of voluntary contributions to the International Atomic Energy Agency for programs and projects in Iran. Section 4. Annual review by Secretary of State of programs and projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency; United States opposition to programs and projects of the Agency in Iran; Section 5. Reporting Requirements; and Section 7. Sense of the Congress.

  11. H. R. 2882: This Act may be cited as the FHA Energy Efficiency Incentives Act of 1991, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, July 11, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This bill would amend the National Housing Act to require the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to carry out and promote a program to provide mortgage financing incentives for energy-efficient housing subject to mortgages insured under such Act. The bill describes financial incentives for energy efficient housing, qualified mortgages, promotion of the program, financing the program, and increased mortgage limits for energy efficiency improvements.

  12. H. R. 4053: This Act may be cited as the Coalfield Environment Enhancement Act of 1990. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, Second Session, July 11, 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This bill would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to provide for the remining of certain abandoned coal mine lands. After defining the necessary terms, the bill describes the right of states to establish a State Remining Insurance Program, insurance coverage, bonds, the determination of unanticipated event or condition, the State Remining Insurance Fund, source of funding and interest and premiums, penalties and enforcement, conforming amendments, special rules applicable to remining operations, and abandoned coal refuse piles.

  13. H. R. 3052: This Act may be cited as the Coal Field Water Protection and Replacement Act, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, July 25, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This bill would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to provide for the protection of water resources during coal mining operations. Sections of the bill describe probable hydrologic consequences; surface and ground water monitoring plan; performance bonds; protection of water resources for permit approval; effect of underground coal mining operations; inspection and monitoring; penalty for failure of representative of Secretary or state regulatory authority to carry out certain duties; release of performance bond; water rights and replacement; regulations; and state programs.

  14. H. R. 1078: This Act may be cited as the National Coal and Extractive Energy Strategy Act of 1991, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, February 21, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    This bill would amend the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 and the Mineral Leasing Act to promote the production of coal and other extractive energy sources. Sections of the bill describe the following: coal remining; metallurgical coal development; coal bed methane developments; Federal coal leasing amendments; Federal mineral receipts management; coalfield assistance, restoration and enhancement; and Federal onshore oil and gas leasing amendments.

  15. EPAct 1992 in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    EPAct 1992 in U.S.C. CITE: 42USC6807a TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 16USC831m-1 TITLE 16--CONSERVATION CITE: 42USC6348 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: ...

  16. Solar Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CITE: 42USC5551 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC5552 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC5553 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: ...

  17. Crow Nation Students Participate in Algae Biomass Research Project...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    technology developed by Accelergy, which reforms local Montana bituminous coal and ... Addthis Related Articles DOE-Supported Education and Training Programs Help Crow Tribe ...

  18. SAS Output

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Coal Rank, 2013" "(thousand short tons)" ,"Bituminous",,"Subbituminous",,"Lignite",,"Anthracite",,"Total" "Coal-Producing","Number ...

  19. Paleoecology of the Devonian-Mississippian black-shale sequence...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 03 NATURAL GAS; 04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS; BLACK SHALES; GEOLOGY; PALEONTOLOGY; KENTUCKY; DEVONIAN PERIOD; FOSSILS; GEOLOGIC HISTORY; BITUMINOUS...

  20. SAS Output

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5. Receipts and Quality of Coal by Rank Delivered for Electricity Generation: Industrial Sector by State, 2013 Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Census Division and State Receipts...

  1. SAS Output

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    3. Receipts and Quality of Coal by Rank Delivered for Electricity Generation: Independent Power Producers by State, 2013 Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Census Division and State...

  2. Help:Citations | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Cite template. For example, to cite U.S. Renewable Energy Technical Potentials: A GIS-Based Analysis in this page, just add the following code: Cite|Billy's paper|U.S....

  3. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DataCite - Easing Access, Citation and Reuse of Data by Mark Martin on Fri, Nov 30, 2012 OSTI and DataCite OSTI joined DataCite to facilitate finding, accessing, citation of, and ...

  4. Evolution of extreme resistance to ionizing radiation via genetic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    MLA APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA Format ...

  5. Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and high spin-polarization...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    MLA APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA Format ...

  6. DOE Directives and NNSA Policy Letters Enforceable under 10 C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for ... Security and Worker Safety and Health Violations Department of Energy Cites ...

  7. Reclamation Project Act of 1939 U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reclamation Project Act of 1939 U.S.C. Reclamation Project Act of 1939 U.S.C. CITE: 42USCC12 TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485a TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485b TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485c TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485d TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485e TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485f TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485g TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485h TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485i TITLE 43--PUBLIC LANDS CITE: 43USC485j TITLE 43--PUBLIC

  8. Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL{trademark}) process: Laboratory scale studies modelling and technical assessment. Final report, [October 1, 1988--June 30, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Johanson, E.S.; Lee, L.K.; Popper, G.A.; Smith, T.O.

    1993-06-01

    Reported herein are the details and results of Laboratory-Scale experiments using sub-bituminous and bituminous coal concluded at Hydrocarbon Research, Inc., under DOE Contract No. AC22-88PCB8818 during the period October 1, 1988 to June 30, 1993. The work described in this report is primarily concerned with tests on a Laboratory Scale primarily using microautoclaves. Experiments were conducted evaluating coal, solvents, start-up oils, catalysts, thermal treatments, C0{sub 2} addition and sulfur compound effects. Other microautoclave tests are included in the companion topical reports for this contract, DE-88818-TOP-01 & 02 on Sub-Bituminous and Bituminous Bench-Scale and PDU activities. In addition to the Laboratory Scale Studies, kinetic data and modelling results from Bench-Scale and Microautoclave tests are interpreted and presented along with some economic updates and sensitivity studies.

  9. SAS Output

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Emission Factors Fuel EIA Fuel Code Source and Tables (As Appropriate) Factor (Pounds of CO2 Per Million Btu)*** Bituminous Coal BIT Source: 1 205.6 Distillate Fuel Oil DFO Source:...

  10. CO{sub 2} Sequestration Potential of Charqueadas Coal Field in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanov, V

    2012-10-23

    The I2B coal seam in the Charqueadas coal field has been evaluated as a target for enhanced coal bed methane production and CO{sub 2} sequestration. The samples were low rank coals (high volatile bituminous and sub-bituminous) obtained from the I2B seam as �3� cores. Such properties as sorption capacity, internal structure of the samples, porosity and permeability were of primary interest in this characterization study.

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration | State Energy Data 2013: Prices and Expenditures

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 Coal prices are developed for the following three categories: coking coal; steam coal (all noncoking coal); and coal coke imports and exports. Coking coal, used in the industrial sector only, is a high-quality bituminous coal that is used to make coal coke. Steam coal, which may be used by all sectors, includes anthracite, bituminous coal, subbituminous coal, and lignite. In the industrial sector, coal consumption is the sum of coking coal and steam coal. The industrial coal price is the

  12. Leaching characteristics of arsenic and selenium from coal fly ash: role of calcium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian Wang; Jianmin Wang; Yulin Tang; Honglan Shi; Ken Ladwig

    2009-05-15

    Understanding the leaching behavior of arsenic (As) and selenium (Se) in coal fly ash is important in evaluating the potential environmental impact of coal fly ash. Batch experiments were employed to systematically investigate the leaching behavior of As and Se in two major types of coal fly ashes, bituminous coal ash and sub-bituminous coal ash, and to determine the underlying processes that control As and Se leaching. The effects of pH, solid/liquid (S/L) ratio, calcium addition, and leaching time on the release of As and Se were studied. Overall, bituminous coal ash leached significantly more As and Se than sub-bituminous coal ash, and Se was more readily leachable, in both absolute concentration and relative fraction, than As for both types of fly ashes. Adsorption/desorption played a major role on As and Se leaching from bituminous coal ashes. However, calcium precipitation played the most important role in reducing As and Se leaching from sub-bituminous coal ashes in the entire experimental pH range. The leaching of As and Se from bituminous coal ashes generally increased with increases in the S/L ratio and leaching time. However, for sub-bituminous coal ashes, the leaching of As was not detected under most experimental conditions, while the leaching of Se increased with increases in the S/L ratio and leaching time. As{sup V} and Se{sup IV} were found to be the major species in all ash leachates in this study. 46 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  13. FERC Small, Low-Impact Hydropower Projects Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cited 20150827. Available from: https:www.ferc.govindustrieshydropowergen-infolicensingsmall-low-impactget-startedexemp-licensproject-comparison.asp...

  14. Slide07 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information The Challenges of Numeric Data: * Data sets are hard to cite.

  15. Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Sonic Imager Internet. 2013. cited 20131010. Available from: http:www.slb.comservicescharacterizationgeomechanicswirelinedipoleshearsonicimager.aspx ...

  16. ECPA in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ECPA in U.S.C. ECPA in U.S.C. CITE: 15USC787 TITLE 12--BANKS AND BANKING CITE: 15USC790 TITLE 12--BANKS AND BANKING CITE: 15USC790a TITLE 12--BANKS AND BANKING CITE: 15USC790b...

  17. Bayh-Dole Act in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Bayh-Dole Act in U.S.C. Bayh-Dole Act in U.S.C. CITE: 35USC200 TITLE 35--PATENTS CITE: 35USC201 TITLE 35--PATENTS CITE: 35USC202 TITLE 35--PATENTS CITE: 35USC203 TITLE 35--PATENTS...

  18. Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. Export Administration Act of 1979 in U.S.C. CITE: 50USC--App.2401 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2402 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2403-1a TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2404 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2405 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2406 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE:

  19. Defense Production Act of 1950 in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Defense Production Act of 1950 in U.S.C. Defense Production Act of 1950 in U.S.C. CITE: 50USC--App.2061 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2062 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2071 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2072 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2073 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE: 50USC--App.2074 TITLE 50, APPENDIX--WAR AND NATIONAL DEFENSE CITE:

  20. Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in U.S.C. |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in U.S.C. Title 10, Chapter 641 Pertaining to Naval Petroleum Reserves in U.S.C. CITE: 10USC7420 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7421 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7422 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7423 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7424 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE: 10USC7425 CHAPTER 641--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES CITE:

  1. Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Act of 1994 in U.S.C. |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Department of Energy Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Act of 1994 in U.S.C. Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship Act of 1994 in U.S.C. CITE: 42USC7382 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC7382a TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC7382b TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC7382c TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC7382d TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC7382e TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH

  2. The leaching characteristics of selenium from coal fly ashes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, T.; Wang, J.; Burken, J.G.; Ban, H.; Ladwig, K.

    2007-11-15

    The leaching characteristics of selenium from several bituminous and subbituminous coal fly ashes under different pH conditions were investigated using batch methods. Results indicated that pH had a significant effect on selenium leaching from bituminous coal ash. The minimum selenium leaching occurred in the pH range between 3 and 4, while the maximum selenium leaching occurred at pH 12. The release of selenium from subbituminous coal ashes was very low for the entire experimental pH range, possibly due to the high content of calcium which can form hydration or precipitation products as a sink for selenium. The adsorption results for different selenium species indicated that Se(VI) was hardly adsorbable on either bituminous coal ashes or subbitumminous coal ashes at any pH. However, Se(I) was highly adsorbed by bituminous coal ashes under acidic pH conditions and was mostly removed by subbitumminous coal ashes across the entire pH range. This result suggests that the majority of selenium released from the tested fly ashes was Se(IV). A speciation-based model was developed to simulate the adsorption of Se(IV) on bituminous coal fly ash, and the pH-independent adsorption constants of HSeO{sup 3-} and SeO{sub 3}{sup 2-} were determined. The modeling approach is useful for understanding and predicting the release process of selenium from fly ash.

  3. Role of phase instabilities in the early response of bulk fused...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Save to My Library Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA ...

  4. Calibrating hourly rainfall-runoff models with daily forcings...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Cite: Chicago Format Close Bibtex Cite: Bibtex Format Close Export Metadata EndNote Excel CSV XML Save Share this Record Send to Email Send to Email Email address:...

  5. Modesto Irrigation District Smart Grid Project | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    consider implementation of time-based rate programs in the future.Cite error: Closing missing for tag Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found...

  6. Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act in U.S...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Energy Science Education Enhancement Act in U.S.C. Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act in U.S.C. CITE: 42USC7381 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE:...

  7. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    May 18, 2012 Facility News Building Blocks for Discovery: ARM Data Joins DataCite Open Access Registry Bookmark and Share DataCite is a not-for-profit organization that aims to...

  8. Record

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  9. Structure of a PL17 Family Alginate Lyase Demonstrates Functional...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  10. Microbes to the rescue (Other) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  11. Chiral U(1) Flavor Models and Flavored Higgs Doublets: The Top...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  12. Vibration cancellation in a Stirling-cooled HPGe detector (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  13. Modeling electron emission and surface effects from diamond cathodes...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  14. Microfluidic devices and methods including porous polymer monoliths...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  15. Improved alignment technique for dish concentrators. (Conference...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  16. Uses of antimicrobial genes from microbial genome (Patent) |...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  17. The Molecular Structure of Aqueous Hg(II)-EDTA As Determined...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  18. The Search of Axion-Like-Particles With Fermi and Cherenkov Telescopes...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  19. SISGR-MuSR Investigations of Magnetic Semiconductors for Spintronics...

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  20. Post polymerization cure shape memory polymers (Patent) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  1. In-situ elasticity measurement for the unquenchable high-pressure...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  2. Improvements of Nuclear Data and Its Uncertainties by Theoretical...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  3. Structural Origins of DNA Target Selection and Nucleobase Extrusion...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  4. Photon emission in neutral current interactions at the T2K experiment...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  5. Complexity Isn?t Necessarily Free: Opportunities and Challenges...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Save to My Library Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA ...

  6. Strategic Development of the Idea. LEEM-PEEM Studies of InGaN...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Save to My Library Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA ...

  7. System for closure of a physical anomaly (Patent) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Save to My Library Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA ...

  8. Prediction of Material Thermal Properties and Beam-Particle Interactio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  9. Evolution of magnetic properties and microstructure of Hf2Co11B...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  10. Mechanism of DNA interstrand cross-link processing by repair...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  11. Results from Shock Foam XRTS on Z. (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  12. Crossreactivity of a human autoimmune TCR is dominated by a single...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    APA Chicago Bibtex Export Metadata Endnote Excel CSV XML Save to My Library Send to Email Send to Email Email address: Content: Close Send Cite: MLA Format Close Cite: APA ...

  13. Ultrafast all-optical manipulation of interfacial magnetoelectric...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  14. Nonlinear Transport in a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas with a...

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  15. Nanophotonic Architectures for Nanoscale Light Control (invited...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  16. Flow rate--pressure drop relation for deformable shallow microfluidic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

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  17. FERC How to Surrender a License or Exemption | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cited 20150507. Available from: http:www.ferc.govindustrieshydropowergen-infocomp-adminsurrender.asp Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  18. S. 936: A Bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 1998 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe personnel strengths for such fiscal year for the Armed Forces, and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First session

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-31

    This report discusses a bill that may be cited as the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal year 1998.

  19. Kawerau Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Congress; Turkey: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  20. Pamukoren Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    UNIVERSITY: MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  1. Eburru Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Reno, Nevada: Geothermal Resources Council. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  2. Fernley Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal ProjectsExploration Activity Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  3. Ulubelu Geothermal Field | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Stanford, California: Stanford University. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  4. Olkaria Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Congress; Turkey: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  5. Mutnovskaya Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    References Geothermal Resources in Russia Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  6. Lihir Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Congress; Turkey: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  7. Alasehir Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Turkey) and Their Hydrogeochemical Analyses Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  8. Ohaaki Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Congress; Turkey: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  9. Reykjanes Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Australia: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  10. Mokai Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Congress; Turkey: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  11. Ngatamariki Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indonesia: World Geothermal Congress. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  12. DOE Data ID Service Background | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scientific and Technical Information Background DataCite | Contact DOE Data ID Service In 2011, the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) joined DataCite to facilitate citing, accessing, and reusing publicly available scientific research datasets produced by DOE-funded researchers. DataCite is an international organization that supports data visibility, ease of data citation in scholarly publications, data preservation and future re-use, and data access and

  13. Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information Why Cite Data? Data should be cited in just the same way that other sources of information, such as articles and books, are cited. Data citation can help by: enabling easy reuse and verification of data allowing the impact of data to be tracked creating a scholarly structure that recognizes and rewards data producers

  14. NECPA in U.S.C. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NECPA in U.S.C. NECPA in U.S.C. CITE: 42USCC91 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC6873 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE CITE: 42USC6371 TITLE 42--THE PUBLIC ...

  15. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9 Coal Prices Total, 1949-2011 By Type, 1949-2011 By Type, 2011 214 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Real (2005) Dollars¹ per Short Ton 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 30 60 90 120 Real (2005) Dollars¹ per Short Ton 70.99 57.64 19.38 15.80 36.91 Anthracite Bituminous Lignite Subbituminous Total 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Nominal Dollars² per Short Ton Bituminous Coal Anthracite

  16. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Production, 1949-2011 Total By Rank By Mining Method By Location 200 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Anthracite Lignite¹ Subbituminous Coal¹ ¹ Subbituminous coal and lignite are included in bituminous coal prior to 1969. Source: Table 7.2. 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 300 600 900 1,200 1,500 Million Short Tons Bituminous Coal¹ 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 200 400 600 800 Million Short Tons 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0 300 600

  17. Near-Zero Emissions Oxy-Combustion Flue Gas Purification - Power Plant Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrew Seltzer; Zhen Fan

    2011-03-01

    A technical feasibility assessment was performed for retrofitting oxy-fuel technology to an existing power plant burning low sulfur PRB fuel and high sulfur bituminous fuel. The focus of this study was on the boiler/power generation island of a subcritical steam cycle power plant. The power plant performance in air and oxy-firing modes was estimated and modifications required for oxy-firing capabilities were identified. A 460 MWe (gross) reference subcritical PC power plant was modeled. The reference air-fired plant has a boiler efficiency (PRB/Bituminous) of 86.7%/89.3% and a plant net efficiency of 35.8/36.7%. Net efficiency for oxy-fuel firing including ASU/CPU duty is 25.6%/26.6% (PRB/Bituminous). The oxy-fuel flue gas recirculation flow to the boiler is 68%/72% (PRB/bituminous) of the flue gas (average O{sub 2} in feed gas is 27.4%/26.4%v (PRB/bituminous)). Maximum increase in tube wall temperature is less than 10ºF for oxy-fuel firing. For oxy-fuel firing, ammonia injected to the SCR was shut-off and the FGD is applied to remove SOx from the recycled primary gas stream and a portion of the SOx from the secondary stream for the high sulfur bituminous coal. Based on CFD simulations it was determined that at the furnace outlet compared to air-firing, SO{sub 3}/SO{sub 2} mole ratio is about the same, NOx ppmv level is about the same for PRB-firing and 2.5 times for bituminous-firing due to shutting off the OFA, and CO mole fraction is approximately double. A conceptual level cost estimate was performed for the incremental equipment and installation cost of the oxyfuel retrofit in the boiler island and steam system. The cost of the retrofit is estimated to be approximately 81 M$ for PRB low sulfur fuel and 84 M$ for bituminous high sulfur fuel.

  18. Recent two-stage coal liquefaction results from Wilsonville, Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, A.K.; Udani, L.H.; Nalitham, R.V.

    1985-01-01

    This paper presents results from two recent runs conducted at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R and D facility of Wilsonville, Alabama. The first run was an extended demonstration of sub-bituminous coal liquefaction using an integrated two-stage liquefaction (ITSL) process. The second run employed a bituminous coal in a reconfigured two-stage process (RITLS) wherein the undeashed products from the first stage were hydrotreated prior to separation of coal ash. Good operability and satisfactory yield structure were demonstrated in both the runs.

  19. Improvement to low-level radioactive-waste vitrification processes. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton, W.S.

    1986-05-01

    Low-level radioactive waste vitrification (LLWV) is a technically feasible and cost-competitive alternative to the traditional immobilization options, i.e., cementation or bituminization. This thesis analyzes cementation, bituminization and vitrification, reviews the impact of the low-level Waste-stream composition on the vitrification process, then proposes and discusses several techniques to control the volatile radionuclides in a Process Improved LLWV system (PILLWV). The techniques that control the volatile radionuclides include chemical precipitation, electrodialysis, and ion exchange. Ion exchange is preferred. A comparison of the technical specifications, of the regulatory compliance, and of the cost considerations shows the PILLWV to be the superior LLW immobilization option.

  20. Development of clean coal and clean soil technologies using advanced agglomeration techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ignasiak, B.; Ignasiak, T.; Szymocha, K.

    1990-01-01

    Three major topics are discussed in this report: (1) Upgrading of Low Rank Coals by the Agflotherm Process. Test data, procedures, equipment, etc., are described for co-upgrading of subbituminous coals and heavy oil; (2) Upgrading of Bituminous Coals by the Agflotherm Process. Experimental procedures and data, bench and pilot scale equipments, etc., for beneficiating bituminous coals are described; (3) Soil Clean-up and Hydrocarbon Waste Treatment Process. Batch and pilot plant tests are described for soil contaminated by tar refuse from manufactured gas plant sites. (VC)

  1. Transuranic contaminated waste form characterization and data base

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kniazewycz, B.G.; McArthur, W.C.

    1980-07-01

    This volume contains appendices A to F. The properties of transuranium (TRU) radionuclides are described. Immobilization of TRU wastes by bituminization, urea-formaldehyde polymers, and cements is discussed. Research programs at DOE facilities engaged in TRU waste characterization and management studies are described.

  2. Next Generation Metallic Iron Nodule Technology in Electric Furnace Steelmaking

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-09-01

    This factsheet describes a research project whose objective is to investigate reducing processing temperature, controlling the gas temperature and gas atmosphere over metallized iron nodules, and effectively using sub-bituminous coal as a reductant for producing high quality metallized iron nodules at low cost.

  3. NOx, SOx & CO{sub 2} mitigation using blended coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Labbe, D.

    2009-11-15

    Estimates of potential CO{sub 2} reduction achievable through the use of a mixture of bituminous and subbituminous (PRB) coals, whilst attaining NOx and SOx compliance are presented. The optimization considerations to provide satisfactory furnace, boiler and unit performance with blended coal supplies to make such operation feasible are discussed. 6 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  4. Next Generation Metallic Iron Nodule Technology in Electric Furnace Steelmaking

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This factsheet describes a research project whose objective is to investigate reducing processing temperature, controlling the gas temperature and gas atmosphere over metalized iron nodules, and effectively using sub-bituminous coal as a reductant for producing high quality metalized iron nodules at low cost.

  5. Close-coupled Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL{trademark}) process bench studies. Final report, [October 1, 1988--July 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Johanson, E.S.; Karolkiewicz, W.F.; Lee, L.K.; Popper, G.A.; Stalzer, R.H.; Smith, T.O.

    1993-06-01

    This is the final report of a four year and ten month contract starting on October 1, 1988 to July 31, 1993 with the US Department of Energy to study and improve Close-Coupled Catalytic Two-Stage Direct Liquefaction of coal by producing high yields of distillate with improved quality at lower capital and production costs in comparison to existing technologies. Laboratory, Bench and PDU scale studies on sub-bituminous and bituminous coals are summarized and referenced in this volume. Details are presented in the three topical reports of this contract; CTSL Process Bench Studies and PDU Scale-Up with Sub-Bituminous Coal-DE-88818-TOP-1, CTSL Process Bench Studies with Bituminous Coal-DE-88818-TOP-2, and CTSL Process Laboratory Scale Studies, Modelling and Technical Assessment-DE-88818-TOP-3. Results are summarized on experiments and studies covering several process configurations, cleaned coals, solid separation methods, additives and catalysts both dispersed and supported. Laboratory microautoclave scale experiments, economic analysis and modelling studies are also included along with the PDU-Scale-Up of the CTSL processing of sub-bituminous Black Thunder Mine Wyoming coal. During this DOE/HRI effort, high distillate yields were maintained at higher throughput rates while quality was markedly improved using on-line hydrotreating and cleaned coals. Solid separations options of filtration and delayed coking were evaluated on a Bench-Scale with filtration successfully scaled to a PDU demonstration. Directions for future direct coal liquefaction related work are outlined herein based on the results from this and previous programs.

  6. Fact #916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies | Department of Energy 916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies Fact #916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies SUBSCRIBE to the Fact of the Week The 2015 Work Truck Electrification and Idle Management Study

  7. Fact #916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies - Dataset | Department of Energy 6: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies - Dataset Fact #916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the Top Reason Cited by Truck Fleet Management for Adopting Idle Reduction Technologies - Dataset Excel file and dataset for Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was the

  8. Much Accomplished at Hanford in 2010: Richland Operations Office Prime

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Contractors Cite Past Year's Cleanup Progress | Department of Energy Much Accomplished at Hanford in 2010: Richland Operations Office Prime Contractors Cite Past Year's Cleanup Progress Much Accomplished at Hanford in 2010: Richland Operations Office Prime Contractors Cite Past Year's Cleanup Progress January 5, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contact Cameron Hardy, DOE (509) 376-5365 Cameron.Hardy@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, WASH. - The Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office

  9. EPA's Hawaii NPS Program Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cited 20141013. Available from: http:www.epa.govregion9waternonpointhi Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleEPA%27sHawaiiNPSProgramWebpa...

  10. FERC Small/Low Impact Hydropower Program Website | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2015. cited 20150916. Available from: http:www.ferc.govindustrieshydropowergen-infolicensingsmall-low-impact.asp Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  11. TTW 10-21-10

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    As one good example of such teamwork, Moody cited the recent progress related to the New Mexico Environment Department's Hazardous Waste Facility Permit renewal. Federal employees...

  12. Summary of Decisions - September 17, 2012 - September 21, 2012...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Standards, which became effective July 14, 2012 (2009 Final Rule), with respect to its 700 series T8 General Service Fluorescent Lamps (GSFL). Specifically, Westinghouse cited...

  13. BLM - Information on Cultural Resource Use Permits webpage |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Land Management. cited 20140917. Available from: http:www.blm.govcostenBLMProgramsculturalresourcesculturalresource.html Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  14. Maibarara Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc.. updated 20140209;cited 20150422. Available from: http:maibarara.com.ph List of existing Geothermal Resource Areas. Print PDF Retrieved from "http:...

  15. Creating LTS&M Efficiencies While Protecting Human Health and...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    regulators to discontinue stream flow monitoring, citing ... Value added from these examples of continual improvement is ... Conference GEMS Mapping and Specific Information ...

  16. Germencik Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    graben, Turkey. Geothermics. 32(1):669-678. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  17. Fang Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chaing Mai Journel of Science. 26(2):1-2. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  18. Mendeleevskaya Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Power Engineering In Russia - Today Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  19. Tokamachi Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    activities listed on OpenEI. References Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  20. Desert Peak Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    No.: P500-04-051. Contract No.: 500-04-051. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  1. Gumuskoy Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    graben, Turkey. Geothermics. 32(1):669-678. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  2. Oguni Geothermal Field | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Engineering. Report No.: SGP- TR-145. Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  3. Tuzla Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME; p. 74-115 Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  4. Okeanskaya Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Power Engineering In Russia - Today Benjamin Matek. Geo-energy Internet. Geothermal Energy Association. updated 20150428;cited 20150428. Available from:...

  5. DOE SSL Postings: May 27, 2015, issue

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    from several DOE funding awards - the latest of which was just announced. He cites intellectual property protection as a major reason Pixelligent manufactures domestically,...

  6. The Office of Independent Enterprise Assessments' Office of Enforcemen...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and Los Alamos National Security, LLC for Violations Related to Worker Safety and Health and ...

  7. Department of Energy Initiates Formal Enforcement Action in Los...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Addthis Related Articles Department of Energy Cites Nuclear Waste Partnership, LLC and Los Alamos National Security, LLC for Violations Related to Worker Safety and Health and ...

  8. User:Nlangle/CategoryLists | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organizations, Trade Groups |ReferencesOrganization's "Contact" Pagecite web|urlhttp:www.renewsindia.comcontact.php|titleRE News India: "Contact" Page...

  9. President Obama presents new Climate Action Plan | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to accelerate clean energy permitting to expand clean energy technologies such as nuclear, natural gas, renewables, and clean coal. 3. Smart Grid Citing Superstorm Sandy's...

  10. Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Development - Farmland...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oregon. State of Oregon. cited 20140929. Available from: http:www.oregon.govLCDPagesfarmprotprog.aspx Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOregonD...

  11. Oregon Department of Land Conservation and Department - Forest...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oregon. State of Oregon. cited 20140929. Available from: http:www.oregon.govLCDpagesforlandprot.aspx Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleOregonDe...

  12. Hot Sulphur Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    on OpenEI. References Hot Sulphur Springs (Tuscarora Geothermal Area) Internet. 2005. University of Nevada - Reno. cited 20150505. Available from: http:...

  13. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Gas Prices Contributing to Increases in Greenhouse Gas Emissions: The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cited increasing natural gas prices as one of three...

  14. POLICY BULLETIN: POL-5- Declassification Instruction "25X1-human"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides instructions on the appropriate action to take when classification guide topics or source documents cite "25X1-human" declassification instructions.

  15. Fact #916: March 14, 2016 Fuel Savings/Emissions Reduction was...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Meeting government regulatory compliance was the third most cited reason while improved work environment and noise reduction were also common reasons for adopting idle reduction ...

  16. Calendar

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    notified of their authority levels, and Real Property appraisers cited a backlog of oral reviews and not enough time to document the backlog. Finally, Bonneville lacked a...

  17. Technology Ventures Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    technology from the Department of Energy National laboratories. Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  18. Natural Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Springs, NY, and other locations worldwide. References Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  19. BLM Washington Office | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.blm.govwosteninfodire References: BLM Washington Office1 Cite error: tags exist, but no tag was found Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

  20. NNSA issues Preliminary Notice of Violation to National Security...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    National Security Site (NNSS) located 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The PNOV cites four violations of DOE regulations governing nuclear safety management. The violations...

  1. Peter Christensen - PNNL - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    real-world problems, and I have the privilege of helping make that connection." Peter cites the scientists, engineers, and researchers at PNNL as the laboratory's greatest assets...

  2. BPA-2011-01633-FOIA Response

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    it on DNR land, and mentioned state legislatorscandidate supporters by name, including Hecht and Herrera. She cited property values, health concerns, and aesthetics as reasons...

  3. Security Cases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to administrative review citing as security concerns the individual's diagnosis of alcohol abuse and his alcohol-related arrests. After conducting a hearing, convened at the...

  4. Security Cases | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a Local Security Office (LSO) cited a DOE psychiatrist's diagnoses of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Delusional Disorder. The Administrative Judge found that the individual...

  5. Electronic Recordkeeping System Questionnaire

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Cite applicable law, regulation, or guidance and explain how it impacts the proposed ... with accession, such as data sensitivity or security classification review requirements. ...

  6. Sandia Energy - Sandia's Work with Texas Southern University...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Work with Texas Southern University Cited by Representative Sheila Jackson Lee Home Infrastructure Security Facilities Partnership News NISAC News & Events Modeling Modeling &...

  7. Computer Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cite Seer Department of Energy provided open access science research citations in chemistry, physics, materials, engineering, and computer science IEEE Xplore Full text...

  8. Geothermal Power in Alaska Holds Hidden Model for Clean Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    2008. updated 2008;cited 08062013. Available from: http:www.popularmechanics.comscienceenvironment4245896 Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGeothermal...

  9. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    per day (MMcfd) of natural gas. Entergy cited low wholesale prices, high costs of maintenance, and low prices in regional markets for electric generating capacity as reasons for...

  10. City of Ruston, Louisiana Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The City of Ruston expects to reduce electricity line losses, improve system reliability reduce operations and maintenance costs, and lower vehicle emissions.3 Cite...

  11. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    gas to power their operations, citing cost savings, access to natural gas, and environmental benefits. Statoil uses compressed natural gas (CNG) to fuel some of its drilling...

  12. OSTIblog Posts by Sara Studwell | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DataCite is an international organization that supports data visibility, ease of data citation in ... Citations to these datasets are then made broadly available in OSTI databases ...

  13. Citation of TUNL Evaluated Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How should I cite these pages? It is important to cite information you obtain from this web site, just as you would a journal article or book. Here are a few helpful examples of how to format references and items found on this website. Examples Publications: For publications please cite the journal Nuclear Physics A that the evaluation was published in. For example, ``Energy Levels of Light Nuclei, A = 20'' should be cited as: D.R. Tilley, C.M. Cheves, J.H. Kelley, S. Raman and H.R. Weller,

  14. Alaska Department of Natural Resources Public Notices and Proposed...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Webpage Internet. cited 20140929. Available from: http:dnr.alaska.govcommispicpubnotfrm.htm Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleAlaskaDepartment...

  15. NIF & PS People - 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    September Summer Scholars Learn by Doing Reyes, Meier Cited by Fusion Power Associates The Fusion Power Associates (FPA) Board of Directors has selected LLNL nuclear engineer...

  16. Variable Crustal Thickness In The Western Great Basin- A Compilation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    et al., 2004). In addition, we have created contoured crustal thickness maps based on literature cited from the comprehensive Braile et al. (1989) study. These maps provide a...

  17. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    sites, instruments, data, and outreach. It also included key statistics about user demographics and publications citing ARM data. Voyles answered a variety of questions about...

  18. February

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    small samples of the Chelyabinsk meteor. - 4115 Carl Ekdahl Ekdahl named IEEE Fellow The IEEE cited Ekdahl "for contributions to high-power accelerator development...

  19. Ekdahl named IEEE Fellow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ekdahl named IEEE Fellow Ekdahl named IEEE Fellow The IEEE cited Ekdahl "for contributions to high-power accelerator development and the generation and transport of electron beams...

  20. Hawaii Department of Health Clean Air Branch Webpage | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Branch Webpage Internet. cited 20141013. Available from: http:health.hawaii.govcab Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleHawaiiDepartmentofHealthCle...

  1. Security Enforcement Documents | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Security News February 25, 2011 Department of Energy Cites Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC for Classified Information Security Violations Department of Energy issues a Preliminary ...

  2. Utah DEQ Air Permitting Branch Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    link for Utah DEQ Air Permitting Branch Webpage Citation Utah Department of Environmental Quality. Utah DEQ Air Permitting Branch Webpage Internet. State of Utah. cited 201411...

  3. Utah Air Guidance Documents Webpage | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    link for Utah Air Guidance Documents Webpage Citation Utah Department of Environmental Quality. Utah Air Guidance Documents Webpage Internet. State of Utah. cited 201411...

  4. Developer | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Developer Home > Developer > Posts by term > Developer Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: citing Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry...

  5. Six Berkeley Lab (Three ALS) Scientists Are 2012 APS Fellows

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Group Leader. He is cited for "fundamental advances to the understanding and control of the nonlinear beam dynamic behavior of electrons in particle storage rings,...

  6. Nurturing young children's curiosity about the universe

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... For Ortega, early literacy, including early STEM literacy, is a logical place to start in attempting to reverse New Mexico's poverty statistics and educational challenges. Citing ...

  7. Nevada Lawyer Magazine: Overview of Water Law in Nevada | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Nevada Internet. Nevada. cited 20141111. Available from: http:nvbar.orgarticlescontentoverview-water-law-nevada Related Files NevLawyer Sept 2009 Water Law...

  8. FLIR | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    corrected for, but make data processing more difficult. References Chris Douglass. IR Spectral Bands and Performance Internet. 2013. cited 20131001. Available from:...

  9. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DataCite is an international organization that supports data ... to enhance the management of this increasingly ... writes an article that is published in a major journal. ...

  10. Untitled-1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... High Performing Organization Report . . . . . ... maintenance (LTS&M) records were highlighted during the 2013 Waste Management Symposia ... been cited in many journal articles over the ...

  11. Ormat Technologies Inc. Ormat Technologies Reports 2012 Fourth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Internet. updated 2013;cited 2013. Available from: http:www.ormat.comnewslatest-itemsormat-technologies-reports-2012-fourth-quarter-and-year-end-results Retrieved from...

  12. Ormat Technologies Inc. Ormat Technologies, Inc. Announces a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Internet. updated 2013;cited 2013. Available from: http:www.ormat.comnewslatest-itemsormat-technologies-inc-announces-non-cash-pre-tax-charge-impairment-its-north-braw...

  13. reference | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    reference Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(88) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki...

  14. citation | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    citation Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(88) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki...

  15. formatting | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    formatting Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(88) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki...

  16. Fact Sheet Preliminary Notice of Violation: Classified Information...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    incident inquiry. Additional violations are related to Sandia's causal analysis and self-assessment processes. NNSA cited four Severity Level I violations and two Severity...

  17. Mr. Rare Earth easing into retirement | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    journals and more than 170 chapters in books and conference proceedings. As testament of the quality of his research, his published works have been cited an astonishing...

  18. Coal Production 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-29

    Coal Production 1992 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In 1992, there were 3,439 active coal mining operations made up of all mines, preparation plants, and refuse operations. The data in Table 1 cover the 2,746 mines that produced coal, regardless of the amount of production, except for bituminous refuse mines. Tables 2 through 33 include data from the 2,852 mining operations that produced, processed, or prepared 10 thousand or more short tons of coal during the period, except for bituminous refuse, and includes preparation plants with 5 thousand or more employee hours. These mining operations accounted for over 99 percent of total US coal production and represented 83 percent of all US coal mining operations in 1992.

  19. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) for the determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in foundry molding sand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dungan, R.S. [USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD (United States). Environmental Management & Byproducts Utilization Laboratory

    2005-07-01

    The use of headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) to determine benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX) in foundry molding sand, specifically a 'green sand' (clay-bonded sand) was investigated. The BTEX extraction was conducted using a 75 {mu} M carboxen-polydimethylsiloxane (CAR-PDMS) fiber, which was suspended above 10 g of sample. The SPME fiber was desorbed in a gas chromatograph injector port (280{sup o}C for 1 min) and the analytes were characterized by mass spectrometry. The effects of extraction time and temperature, water content, and clay and bituminous coal percentage on HS-SPME of BTEX were investigated. Because green sands contain bentonite clay and carbonaceous material such as crushed bituminous coal, a matrix effect was observed. The detection limits for BTEX were determined to be {lt}= 0.18 ng g{sup -1} of green sand.

  20. EA-1616: National Carbon Research Center Project at Southern Company Services' Power Systems Development Facility near Wilsonville, Alabama

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates and updates the potential environmental impacts of DOE’s proposed continued operations of the NCCC Project at the PSDF plant. The NCCC is designed to test and evaluate carbon dioxide (CO2) control technologies for power generation facilities, including CO2 capture solvents and sorbents, mass-transfer devices, lower cost water-gas shift reactors, and scaled-up membrane technologies. Additionally, the NCCC evaluates methods to integrate CO2 capture technologies with other coal-based power plant systems by testing both pre-combustion and post-combustion technologies. The NCCC provides the capability to test these systems under a wide range of fuels, including bituminous and sub-bituminous coals, lignites and biomass/coal mixtures. The goal of the NCCC project is to accelerate the development, optimization, and commercialization of viable CO2 control technologies.

  1. Scale-Up and Demonstration of Fly Ash Ozonation Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rui Afonso; R. Hurt; I. Kulaots

    2006-03-01

    The disposal of fly ash from the combustion of coal has become increasingly important. When the fly ash does not meet the required specification for the product or market intended, it is necessary to beneficiate it to achieve the desired quality. This project, conducted at PPL's Montour SES, is the first near full-scale ({approx}10 ton/day), demonstration of ash ozonation technology. Bituminous and sub bituminous ashes, including two ash samples that contained activated carbon, were treated during the project. Results from the tests were very promising. The ashes were successfully treated with ozone, yielding concrete-suitable ash quality. Preliminary process cost estimates indicate that capital and operating costs to treat unburned carbon are competitive with other commercial ash beneficiation technologies at a fraction of the cost of lost sales and/or ash disposal costs. This is the final technical report under DOE Cooperative Agreement No.: DE-FC26-03NT41730.

  2. Pelletizing lignite

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goksel, Mehmet A. (Houghton, MI)

    1983-11-01

    Lignite is formed into high strength pellets having a calorific value of at least 9,500 Btu/lb by blending a sufficient amount of an aqueous base bituminous emulsion with finely-divided raw lignite containing its inherent moisture to form a moistened green mixture containing at least 3 weight % of the bituminous material, based on the total dry weight of the solids, pelletizing the green mixture into discrete green pellets of a predetermined average diameter and drying the green pellets to a predetermined moisture content, preferrably no less than about 5 weight %. Lignite char and mixture of raw lignite and lignite char can be formed into high strength pellets in the same general manner.

  3. Pyrolysis process and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lee, Chang-Kuei (Sewell, NJ)

    1983-01-01

    This invention discloses a process and apparatus for pyrolyzing particulate coal by heating with a particulate solid heating media in a transport reactor. The invention tends to dampen fluctuations in the flow of heating media upstream of the pyrolysis zone, and by so doing forms a substantially continuous and substantially uniform annular column of heating media flowing downwardly along the inside diameter of the reactor. The invention is particularly useful for bituminous or agglomerative type coals.

  4. Apparatus for entrained coal pyrolysis

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Durai-Swamy, Kandaswamy (Culver City, CA)

    1982-11-16

    This invention discloses a process and apparatus for pyrolyzing particulate coal by heating with a particulate solid heating media in a transport reactor. The invention tends to dampen fluctuations in the flow of heating media upstream of the pyrolysis zone, and by so doing forms a substantially continuous and substantially uniform annular column of heating media flowing downwardly along the inside diameter of the reactor. The invention is particularly useful for bituminous or agglomerative type coals.

  5. Sustainable development with clean coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    This paper discusses the opportunities available with clean coal technologies. Applications include new power plants, retrofitting and repowering of existing power plants, steelmaking, cement making, paper manufacturing, cogeneration facilities, and district heating plants. An appendix describes the clean coal technologies. These include coal preparation (physical cleaning, low-rank upgrading, bituminous coal preparation); combustion technologies (fluidized-bed combustion and NOx control); post-combustion cleaning (particulate control, sulfur dioxide control, nitrogen oxide control); and conversion with the integrated gasification combined cycle.

  6. Critical studies of the rapid pyrolysis and hydropyrolysis of coal. Final project report, January 1, 1977-June 30, 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howard, J.B.; Peters, W.A.

    1982-09-01

    This report summarizes major findings from a study of the effects of reaction conditions on the rapid pyrolysis behavior of coal in inert and hydrogen atmospheres. The independent effects of final temperature (150 to 1100/sup 0/C), reaction time at final temperature (0 to 30 s), heating rate (10/sup 2/ to 10/sup 4/ /sup 0/C/s), total pressure (0.0001 to 100 atm), hydrogen partial pressure (0 to 69 atm), and particle size (45 to 1000 ..mu..m), on product yields and compositions were determined for a Montana lignite and a Pittsburgh No. 8 Seam bituminous coal. Kinetic data were obtained for formation of specific pyrolysis products from each coal. A new mass transfer model for rapid hydrogasification of softening coal was also formulated. Effects of native mineral matter and selected inorganic additives on the pyrolysis behavior of the Pittsburgh Seam coal and of a Wyodak subbituminous coal were also studied. Detailed project findings are included in papers appended to the main body of the report. Important results include: (1) temperature and residence time are major parameters in determining pyrolysis and hydropyrolysis behavior; (2) coal type is also important, since major differences are observed in the yields, compositions, and evolution kinetics of products from rapid pyrolysis of the bituminous coal and of the lignite; (3) hydrogen can react rapidly with decomposing coal during the early stages of pyrolysis and, under conditions minimizing the elevated temperature contacting of hydrogen and pyrolysis tars, methane accounts for most of the resulting increased conversion; (4) secondary reactions of tar have a major role in determining product yields, compositions, and evolution kinetics in pyrolysis of the bituminous coal; and (5) increased CO production and decreased tar evolution are obtained by treating the bituminous coal with lime or calcite before pyrolysis.

  7. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4. Weighted Average Cost of Fossil Fuels for the Electric Power Industry, 2004 through 2014 Coal Petroleum Natural Gas Total Fossil Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite All Coal Ranks Period Receipts (Trillion Btu) Average Cost (Dollars per MMBtu) Receipts (Trillion Btu) Average Cost (Dollars per MMBtu) Receipts (Trillion Btu) Average Cost (Dollars per MMBtu) Receipts (Trillion Btu) Average Cost (Dollars per MMBtu) Receipts (Trillion Btu) Average Cost (Dollars per MMBtu) Receipts (Trillion Btu)

  8. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4. Receipts and Quality of Coal by Rank Delivered for Electricity Generation: Commercial Sector by State, 2014 Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Census Division and State Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight New England 0 -- -- 0 -- -- 0 -- -- Connecticut 0 -- -- 0 -- -- 0

  9. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    . Average Operating Heat Rate for Selected Energy Sources, 2004 through 2014 (Btu per Kilowatthour) Year Coal Petroleum Natural Gas Nuclear 2004 10331 10571 8647 10428 2005 10373 10631 8551 10436 2006 10351 10809 8471 10435 2007 10375 10794 8403 10489 2008 10378 11015 8305 10452 2009 10414 10923 8160 10459 2010 10415 10984 8185 10452 2011 10444 10829 8152 10464 2012 10498 10991 8039 10479 2013 10459 10713 7948 10449 2014 10428 10814 7907 10459 Coal includes anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous

  10. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2013

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Coal Rank, 2013 (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2013 Table 6. Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Coal Rank, 2013 (thousand short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2013 Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Anthracite Total Coal-Producing State and Region 1 Number of Mines Production Number of Mines Production Number of Mines Production Number of Mines

  11. Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected;

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Table 7.1 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units. Selected Wood and Other Biomass Components Coal Components Coke Electricity Components Natural Gas Components Steam Components Total Wood Residues Bituminous Electricity Diesel Fuel Motor Natural Gas Steam and Wood-Related and Electricity from Sources and Gasoline Pulping Liquor Natural Gas from Sources

  12. Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected;

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Next MECS will be conducted in 2010 Table 7.2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2006; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu. Selected Wood and Other Biomass Components Coal Components Coke Electricity Components Natural Gas Components Steam Components Total Wood Residues Bituminous Electricity Diesel Fuel Motor Natural Gas Steam and Wood-Related and Electricity from Sources and Gasoline Pulping

  13. Getting Energized

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Getting Energized Elementary School Curriculum Created by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Materials list Activity Guide Energy Sources Energy Uses/Limits Energy Conversion Energy Conservation Energy for the Future Student Assessments Student Evaluation Getting Energized Equipment and Materials List Item/Activity Number Activity 1 Butane Lighter Coal (Bituminous) Amount Where to find 1-Demo Discount /Grocery (Target,

  14. Table 7.2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010;

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Table 7.2 Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2010; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu. Selected Wood and Other Biomass Components Coal Components Coke Electricity Components Natural Gas Components Steam Components Total Wood Residues Bituminous Electricity Diesel Fuel Motor Natural Gas Steam and Wood-Related and Electricity from Sources and Gasoline Pulping Liquor Natural Gas from Sources Steam

  15. Formation and retention of methane in coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hucka, V.J.; Bodily, D.M.; Huang, H.

    1992-05-15

    The formation and retention of methane in coalbeds was studied for ten Utah coal samples, one Colorado coal sample and eight coal samples from the Argonne Premium Coal Sample Bank.Methane gas content of the Utah and Colorado coals varied from zero to 9 cm{sup 3}/g. The Utah coals were all high volatile bituminous coals. The Colorado coal was a gassy medium volatile bituminous coal. The Argonne coals cover a range or rank from lignite to low volatile bituminous coal and were used to determine the effect of rank in laboratory studies. The methane content of six selected Utah coal seams and the Colorado coal seam was measured in situ using a special sample collection device and a bubble desorbometer. Coal samples were collected at each measurement site for laboratory analysis. The cleat and joint system was evaluated for the coal and surrounding rocks and geological conditions were noted. Permeability measurements were performed on selected samples and all samples were analyzed for proximate and ultimate analysis, petrographic analysis, {sup 13}C NMR dipolar-dephasing spectroscopy, and density analysis. The observed methane adsorption behavior was correlated with the chemical structure and physical properties of the coals.

  16. Formation and retention of methane in coal. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hucka, V.J.; Bodily, D.M.; Huang, H.

    1992-05-15

    The formation and retention of methane in coalbeds was studied for ten Utah coal samples, one Colorado coal sample and eight coal samples from the Argonne Premium Coal Sample Bank.Methane gas content of the Utah and Colorado coals varied from zero to 9 cm{sup 3}/g. The Utah coals were all high volatile bituminous coals. The Colorado coal was a gassy medium volatile bituminous coal. The Argonne coals cover a range or rank from lignite to low volatile bituminous coal and were used to determine the effect of rank in laboratory studies. The methane content of six selected Utah coal seams and the Colorado coal seam was measured in situ using a special sample collection device and a bubble desorbometer. Coal samples were collected at each measurement site for laboratory analysis. The cleat and joint system was evaluated for the coal and surrounding rocks and geological conditions were noted. Permeability measurements were performed on selected samples and all samples were analyzed for proximate and ultimate analysis, petrographic analysis, {sup 13}C NMR dipolar-dephasing spectroscopy, and density analysis. The observed methane adsorption behavior was correlated with the chemical structure and physical properties of the coals.

  17. Field Testing of a Wet FGD Additive for Enhanced Mercury Control - Task 3 Full-scale Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Blythe

    2007-05-01

    This Topical Report summarizes progress on Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42309, 'Field Testing of a Wet FGD Additive'. The objective of the project is to demonstrate the use of a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) additive, Degussa Corporation's TMT-15, to prevent the reemission of elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) in flue gas exiting wet FGD systems on coal-fired boilers. Furthermore, the project intends to demonstrate whether the additive can be used to precipitate most of the mercury (Hg) removed in the wet FGD system as a fine TMT salt that can be separated from the FGD liquor and bulk solid byproducts for separate disposal. The project is conducting pilot- and full-scale tests of the TMT-15 additive in wet FGD absorbers. The tests are intended to determine required additive dosages to prevent Hg{sup 0} reemissions and to separate mercury from the normal FGD byproducts for three coal types: Texas lignite/Power River Basin (PRB) coal blend, high-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal, and low-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal. The project team consists of URS Group, Inc., EPRI, TXU Generation Company LP, Southern Company, and Degussa Corporation. TXU Generation has provided the Texas lignite/PRB cofired test site for pilot FGD tests, Monticello Steam Electric Station Unit 3. Southern Company is providing the low-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal host site for wet scrubbing tests, as well as the pilot- and full-scale jet bubbling reactor (JBR) FGD systems to be tested. IPL, an AES company, provided the high-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal full-scale FGD test site and cost sharing. Degussa Corporation is providing the TMT-15 additive and technical support to the test program as cost sharing. The project is being conducted in six tasks. Of the six project tasks, Task 1 involves project planning and Task 6 involves management and reporting. The other four tasks involve field testing on FGD systems, either at pilot or full scale. The four tasks include: Task 2 - Pilot Additive Testing in Texas Lignite Flue Gas; Task 3 - Full-scale FGD Additive Testing in High-sulfur Eastern Bituminous Flue Gas; Task 4 - Pilot Wet Scrubber Additive Tests at Plant Yates; and Task 5 - Full-scale Additive Tests at Plant Yates. The pilot-scale tests were completed in 2005 and have been previously reported. This topical report presents the results from the Task 3 full-scale additive tests, conducted at IPL's Petersburg Station Unit 2. The Task 5 full-scale additive tests will be conducted later in calendar year 2007.

  18. DOE O 205.1B Reference List | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

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  19. Challenges in Alternative Energy Production

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    Hallock, Wei Wu and Jae-Young Ko, Advances in Energy Studies Conference, Porto Venere, Italy, September 2002, cited on eroei.com Total primary energy requirement to deliver the ...

  20. Sustainable NREL - Site Sustainability Plan FY 2015 (Management Publication)

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    NREL's Site Sustainability Plan FY 2015 reports on sustainability plans for the lab for the year 2015 based on Executive Order Goals and provides the status on planned actions cited in the FY 2014 report.

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  6. 1982 Orders

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  15. Why is it so difficult to grow fuelwood

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    Examples of successful and unsuccessful woodlot programmes are cited from China, Korea, India, Tanzania and Niger and the role of social factors examined. Effective village forestry involves social, cultural, economic and local political factors. (Refs. 15).

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  18. Air Force Enhanced Use Lease (EUL) Playbook | Open Energy Information

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    is at a depth of around 3000 feet, with Utica starting at 6000 feet-over 1 mile below the ground surface. Because much of the two shales overlap, some operators have cited the...

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    and identify leading authors with cited searching in Web of KnowledgeWeb of Science. EndNote Learn how to import references from databases, link to full-text article, manage your...

  1. PSH-13-0073- In the Matter of Personnel Security

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  11. Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs News | Department...

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  8. 2014 DOE Climate Change Adaptation Plan

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    ... These were found to possibly manifest as both acute (e.g., economic and political ... Low-Income Populations, to which DOE is a party, specifically cites climate change as an ...

  9. Developer | OpenEI Community

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  11. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

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  12. Microsoft Word - 0096.TBH.docx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... David L. Moses, Case No. TBH-0066 (2008) (citing Casey Von ... Dennis Patterson, Case No. TBH-0047 (2008) (quoting Kalil v. ... Tr. at 376 (Hyder); see also Ex. AA. Repeated ...

  13. Information for Media on Lighting Choices | Department of Energy

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    What's next for WorldWideScience.org? * Federated search of "big data" * BioGRID * DataCite * DNA Data Bank of Japan * DRYAD * EMBL-EBI European Bioinformatics Institute * ICSU ...

  17. http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/nv_dtw750nv_l...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

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  18. Future directions in studies of nuclei far from stability. [Nashville, Tennessee, Sept. 10-13, 1979

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    Hamilton, J.H.; Spejewski, E.H.; Bingham, C.R.; Zganjar, E.F.

    1980-01-01

    Individual abstracts were prepared for 27 of the papers in this volume. The remaining ten have already been cited in ERA; these papers can be located by reference to the entry CONF-790976-- in the report number index. (RWR)

  19. 2013 Biological Hydrogen Production Workshop Summary Report

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    and the implications for both in vivo and in vitro activity were discussed. "Self-repair" is often cited as an advantage of biological systems, and some of the mechanisms...

  20. 1983.PDF

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    3 -- ORDERS ORDER DOCKET ERA CITE DATE NUMBER APPLICANT NAME ORDER NO. 70555.ERA 100483 82-15-NG Inter-City Minnesota PL 52 70118.ERA 092383 82-1283-04 Trunkline LNG Company...

  1. 1980.PDF

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    0 -- ORDERS ORDER DOCKET ERA CITE DATE NUMBER APPLICANT NAME ORDER NO. 70525.ERA 122380 79-31-NG Border Gas, Inc. 16B 70524.ERA 112080 80-08-NG Valero Transmission Company 25...

  2. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...

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  3. Risk Assessment and Monitoring of Stored CO2 in Organic Rocks Under Non-Equilibrium Conditions

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    Malhotra, Vivak

    2014-06-30

    The USA is embarking upon tackling the serious environmental challenges posed to the world by greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO2). The dimension of the problem is daunting. In fact, according to the Energy Information Agency, nearly 6 billion metric tons of CO2 were produced in the USA in 2007 with coal-burning power plants contributing about 2 billion metric tons. To mitigate the concerns associated with CO2 emission, geological sequestration holds promise. Among the potential geological storage sites, unmineable coal seams and shale formations in particular show promise because of the probability of methane recovery while sequestering the CO2. However. the success of large-scale sequestration of CO2 in coal and shale would hinge on a thorough understanding of CO2's interactions with host reservoirs. An important parameter for successful storage of CO2 reservoirs would be whether the pressurized CO2 would remain invariant in coal and shale formations under reasonable internal and/or external perturbations. Recent research has brought to the fore the potential of induced seismicity, which may result in caprock compromise. Therefore, to evaluate the potential risks involved in sequestering CO2 in Illinois bituminous coal seams and shale, we studied: (i) the mechanical behavior of Murphysboro (Illinois) and Houchin Creek (Illinois) coals, (ii) thermodynamic behavior of Illinois bituminous coal at - 100oC ≤ T ≤ 300oC, (iii) how high pressure CO2 (up to 20.7 MPa) modifies the viscosity of the host, (iv) the rate of emission of CO2 from Illinois bituminous coal and shale cores if the cores, which were pressurized with high pressure (≤ 20.7 MPa) CO2, were exposed to an atmospheric pressure, simulating the development of leakage pathways, (v) whether there are any fractions of CO2 stored in these hosts which are resistance to emission by simply exposing the cores to atmospheric pressure, and (vi) how compressive shockwaves applied to the coal and shale cores, which were pressurized with high pressure CO2, determine the fate of sequestered CO2 in these cores. Our results suggested that Illinois bituminous coal in its unperturbed state, i.e., when not pressurized with CO2, showed large variations in the mechanical properties. Modulus varied from 0.7 GPa to 3.4 GPa even though samples were extracted from a single large chunk of coal. We did not observe any glass transition for Illinois bituminous coal at - 100oC ≤ T ≤ 300oC, however, when the coal was pressurized with CO2 at ambient ≤ P ≤ 20.7 MPa, the viscosity of the coal decreased and inversely scaled with the CO2 pressure. The decrease in viscosity as a function of pressure could pose CO2 injection problems for coal as lower viscosity would allow the solid coal to flow to plug the fractures, fissures, and cleats. Our experiments also showed a very small fraction of CO2 was absorbed in coal; and when CO2 pressurized coals were exposed to atmospheric conditions, the loss of CO2 from coals was massive. Half of the sequestered gas from the coal cores was lost in less than 20 minutes. Our shockwave experiments on Illinois bituminous coal, New Albany shale (Illinois), Devonian shale (Ohio), and Utica shale (Ohio) presented clear evidence that the significant emission of the sequestered CO2 from these formations cannot be discounted during seismic activity, especially if caprock is compromised. It is argued that additional shockwave studies, both compressive and transverse, would be required for successfully mapping the risks associated with sequestering high pressure CO2 in coal and shale formations.

  4. NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting Erin Boedecker Owen Comstock Behjat Hojjati Kevin Jarzomski David Peterson Steve Wade October 4, 2012 | Washington, D.C. AEO2013 Preliminary Results WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Overview Buildings Working Group Forrestal 2E-069 | October 4, 2012 2 * Recap of project list

  5. Industrial Team Plans for AEO2015

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    24, 2014 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Industrial team plans for AEO2015 AEO2015 lite year additions * Process flow status (complete AEO2016) * Data updates * Regulation changes * Ethane / propane price modeling 2 Industrial Team Washington DC, July 24, 2014 WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Process flow models * General: - Replace

  6. Macro Industrial Working Group

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    September 29, 2014 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Industrial team preliminary results for AEO2015 Overview AEO2015 2 Industrial Team Washington DC, September 29, 2014 WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE * AEO2015 is a "Lite" year - New ethane/propane pricing model only major update - Major side cases released with Reference case

  7. AEO2015 BWG

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Behjat Hojjati Kevin Jarzomski David Peterson Steve Wade Owen Comstock (currently on detail) August 7, 2014 AEO2015 Model Updates Discussion purposes only - do not cite or circulate Overview AEO2015 Builldings Working Group Washington, D.C., August 7, 2014 2 * Shorter AEO this year * Federal standards * End-use technology characterizations * Historical updates * Discussion Discussion purposes only - do not cite or circulate Federal standards AEO2015 Builldings Working Group Washington, D.C.,

  8. AEO2015 Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group Presentation

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Assumptions for Annual Energy Outlook 2015: Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group AEO2015 Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group Meeting Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas & Biofuels Analysis July 17, 2014 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Discussion topics Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas, & Biofuels Analysis Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington DC, July 17, 2014 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE

  9. Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group Meeting Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas & Biofuels Analysis October 4, 2012 | Washington, DC Preliminary AEO2013: Biofuels and Petroleum WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Overview 2 Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas, & Biofuels Analysis Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington DC, October 4, 2012 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject to change * World oil

  10. Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    August 14, 2012 | Washington, DC Annual Energy Outlook 2013: Modeling Updates in the Transportation Sector WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Overview 2 AEO2013 Transportation Model Updates Washington, D.C., August 2012 Discussion purposes only - Do not cite or circulate * Light-duty vehicle - Light-duty vehicle technology update based on EPA/NHTSA Notice of Proposed Rule for model years 2017 through 2025 * Heavy-duty vehicle

  11. Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    October 9, 2012 | Washington, DC Annual Energy Outlook 2013: Modeling Updates in the Transportation Sector WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Overview 2 * Modeling updates made to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Reference case * Light-duty vehicle technology updates * Heavy-duty natural gas vehicles * Preliminary results (Working group presentation for discussion purposes. Do not quote or cite as results are subject to change)

  12. Assumptions and Expectations for Annual Energy Outlook 2014: Oil and Gas Working Group

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4: Oil and Gas Working Group AEO2014 Oil and Gas Supply Working Group Meeting Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis July 25, 2013 | Washington, DC http://www.eia.gov/forecasts/aeo/workinggroup/ WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Introduction/Background Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington, DC, July 25, 2013 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are

  13. Assumptions for Annual Energy Outlook 2014: Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4: Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group AEO2014 Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group Meeting Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas & Biofuels Analysis July 24, 2013 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Discussion topics Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas, & Biofuels Analysis Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington DC, July 24, 2013 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject to change 2 *

  14. NUREG/CR-6299 BMI-2184

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    299 BMI-2184 Effects of Toughness Anisotropy and Combined Tension, Torsion, and Bending Loads on Fracture Behavior of Ferritic Nuclear Pipe Prepared by R. Mohan, C. Marschall, I? Krishnaswamy, E Brust, N. Ghadiali, G. Wilkowski i Battelle Prepared for U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission AVAILABILITY NOTICE Availability of Reference Materials Cited in NRC Publications Most documents cited in NRC publications will be available from one of the following sources: 1. The NRC Public Document Room, 2120

  15. OSTI Milestones, Office of Scientific and Technical Information, USDOE

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Milestones Archive Milestones science, information, progress image Web-enabled Milestones Chart OSTI accelerates knowledge discovery, speeding the advancement of science. 2011 September 2011 - Science.gov goes Mobile August 2011 - OSTI Assigns First DOI as DataCite Member July 2011 - Multimedia Added to a Federated Search June 2011 - WorldWideScience.org Goes Mobile May 2011 - OSTI.gov Goes Mobile February 2011 - ScienceCinema Launched January 2011 - OSTI becomes DataCite Member January 2011 -

  16. Plans, Procedures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plans, Procedures Plans, Procedures The following plans and procedures are cited in environmental reports prepared by the Laboratory. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement Email Environmental Plans & Procedures DISCLAIMER: The following is a list of procedures (titles and numbers) cited in reports that have been prepared by the Laboratory's Associate Directorate for Environmental Management (ADEM). To view each procedure, visit the Electronic Public Reading Room (EPRR)

  17. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond Reference Linking by Daphne Evans on Tue, May 13, 2008 OSTI actively supports the practice of Reference Linking. Also referred to as citation linking, reference linking adds value to technical reports and journal articles by hyperlinking the references at the end of the document. Authors frequently cite numerous supporting reports and articles. However, locating these cited works can be difficult. If these references can be

  18. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AEO2013 Reference Case Results: Coal Mike Mellish, Economist Diane Kearney, Operations Research Analyst October 4, 2012 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Key Results for the AEO2013 Coal Analysis Team, Washington, DC, October 4, 2012 2 * Coal's share of generation is 35 percent in 2040 * Coal consumption

  19. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    6: Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group AEO2016 Liquid Fuels Markets Working Group Meeting Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas & Biofuels Analysis November 19, 2015 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Discussion topics Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas, & Biofuels Analysis Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington DC, November 19, 2015 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject to change

  20. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual Energy Outlook 2016: LFMM preliminary results AEO2016 Liquid Fuels Market Module Results Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas & Biofuels Analysis February 24, 2016 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Discussion topics Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas, & Biofuels Analysis Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington DC, February 24, 2016 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject to

  1. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Preliminary Oil & Natural Gas Production & Price Results for Second Working Group September 16, 2014 by Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels Analysis DRAFT - DO NOT CITE Overview Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis 2nd Working Group Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington, DC, September 16, 2014 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject to change 2 * Production * Liquids imports * Natural gas supply and delivered prices * Natural gas consumption *

  2. Slide 1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    and Mark Schipper July 24, 2012 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Macro Industrial Working Group: Industrial Plans for AEO2013 Overview * Aluminum process flow * Non-manufacturing * NGL price drivers & bulk chemicals * Environmental updates * CHP updates 2 Macro-Industrial Working Group Washington DC, July 24, 2012 WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE

  3. Slide 1

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    September 11, 2012 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE Macro Industrial Working Group Preliminary Industrial Results for AEO2013 Overview * Aluminum process flow (2 nd in series) * Non-manufacturing * NGL price drivers & bulk chemicals * Environmental updates * CHP updates 2 Macro-Industrial Working Group Washington DC, 9/11/ 2012 WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS

  4. National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    24, 2001 NNSA Cites Los Alamos National Laboratory For Nuclear Safety Violations The Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has cited the University of California for violations of nuclear safety rules at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in New Mexico. The University of California operates LANL for the NNSA. The violations are described in a Preliminary Notice of Violation (PNOV), which was issued on January 19, 2001. The violations stem from several

  5. Flash hydropyrolysis of coal. Quarterly report No. 11, October 1-December 31, 1979

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinberg, M.; Fallon, P.; Bhatt, B.L.

    1980-02-01

    The following conclusions can be drawn from this work: (1) when the caking bituminous coals are used with diluents, only 20% Pittsburgh No. 8 coal can be added to the diluent swhile 40% Illinois No. 6 could be added due to the higher free swelling index of the Pittsburgh No. 8; (2) When limestone is used as a diluent, considerably more sulfur is retained in the char than when using sand; (3) when the char from an experiment using limestone is recycled as the diluent for another experiment, the char continually retains additional sulfur through at least three recycles; (4) decomposition of the limestone and reduction is indicated by the high concentrations of CO observed at 900/sup 0/C; (5) increasing the coal feed rate by a factor of 4 from 2.4 to 10.7 lb/hr at low H/sub 2//Coal ratios (approx. = 0.6) results in no appreciable change in gaseous HC yields (approx. = 27%) or concentration (approx. = 45%) but higher BTX yields (1.1% vs. 5.4%); (6) although only one experiment was conducted, it appears that hydrogasification of untreated New Mexico sub-bituminous coal at 950/sup 0/C does not give an increase in yield over hydrogasification at 900/sup 0/C; (7) the hydrogasification of Wyodak lignite gives approximately the same gaseous HC yields as that obtained from North Dakota lignite but higher BTX yields particularly at 900/sup 0/C and 1000 psi (9% vs. 2%); (8) treating New Mexico sub-bituminous coal with NaCO/sub 3/ does not increase its hydrogasification qualities between 600/sup 0/C and 900/sup 0/C at 1000 psi but does decrease the BTX yield.

  6. Coal combustion under conditions of blast furnace injection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Crelling, J.C.

    1995-12-01

    Because of its increasing cost and decreasing availability, metallurgical coke is now being replaced by coal injected at the tuyere area of the furnace where the blast air enters. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the combustion of coal during the blast furnace injection process and to delineate the optimum properties of the feed coal with particular reference to the coals from the Illinois Basin. Although this research is not yet completed the results to date support the following conclusions: (1) based on the results of computer modeling, lower rank bituminous coals, including coal from the Illinois Basin, compare well in their injection properties with a variety of other bituminous coals, although the replacement ratio improves with increasing rank; (2) based on the results of petrographic analysis of material collected from an active blast furnace, it is clear the coal derived char is entering into the raceway of the blast furnace; (3) the results of reactivity experiments on a variety of coal chars at a variety of reaction temperatures show that lower rank bituminous coals, including coal from the Illinois basin, yield chars with significantly higher reactivities in both air and CO{sub 2} than chars from higher rank Appalachian coals and blast furnace coke. These results indicate that the chars from the lower rank coals should have a superior burnout rate in the tuyere and should survive in the raceway environment for a shorter time. These coals, therefore, will have important advantages at high rates of injection that may overcome their slightly lower replacement rates.

  7. Decaking of coal or oil shale during pyrolysis in the presence of iron oxides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rashid Khan, M.

    1988-05-05

    A method for producing a fuel from the pyrolysis of coal or oil shale in the presence of iron oxide in an inert gas atmosphere is described. The method includes the steps of pulverizing feed coal or oil shale, pulverizing iron oxide, mixing the pulverized feed and iron oxide, and heating the mixture in a gas atmosphere which is substantially inert to the mixture so as to form a product fuel, which may be gaseous, liquid and/or solid. The method of the invention reduces the swelling of coals, such as bituminous coal and the like, which are otherwise known to swell during pyrolysis. 4 figs., 8 tabs.

  8. System studies guiding fossil energy RD & D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-12-31

    The article describes the following recently completed studies, all of which may be accessed on NETL's website: http://netl.doe.gov/energy-analyses/ref-shelf.html: Cost and performance baseline for fossil energy power plants - volume 1: bituminous coal and natural gas to electricity (May 2007); Increasing security and reducing carbon emissions of the US transportation sector: a transformational role for coal with biomass (August 2007); Industrial size gasification for syngas, substitute natural gas, and power production (April 2007); and Carbon dioxide capture from existing coal-fired power plants (December 2006). 2 figs.

  9. Decaking of coal or oil shale during pyrolysis in the presence of iron oxides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Khan, M. Rashid (Morgantown, WV)

    1989-01-01

    A method for producing a fuel from the pyrolysis of coal or oil shale in the presence of iron oxide in an inert gas atmosphere. The method includes the steps of pulverizing feed coal or oil shale, pulverizing iron oxide, mixing the pulverized feed and iron oxide, and heating the mixture in a gas atmosphere which is substantially inert to the mixture so as to form a product fuel, which may be gaseous, liquid and/or solid. The method of the invention reduces the swelling of coals, such as bituminous coal and the like, which are otherwise known to swell during pyrolysis.

  10. Fuel Flexibility in Gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLendon, T. Robert; Pineault, Richard L.; Richardson, Steven W.; Rockey, John M.; Beer, Stephen K.; Lui, Alain P.; Batton, William A.

    2001-11-06

    In order to increase efficiencies of carbonizers, operation at high pressures is needed. In addition, waste biomass fuels of opportunity can be used to offset fossil fuel use. The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Fluidized Bed Gasifier/Combustor (FBG/C) was used to gasify coal and mixtures of coal and biomass (sawdust) at 425 psig. The purpose of the testing program was to generate steady state operating data for modeling efforts of carbonizers. A test program was completed with a matrix of parameters varied one at a time in order to avoid second order interactions. Variables were: coal feed rate, pressure, and varying mixtures of sawdust and coal types. Coal types were Montana Rosebud subbituminous and Pittsburgh No. 8 bituminous. The sawdust was sanding waste from a furniture manufacturer in upstate New York. Coal was sieved from -14 to +60 mesh and sawdust was sieved to -14 mesh. The FBG/C operates at a nominal 425 psig, but pressures can be lowered. For the tests reported it was operated as a jetting, fluidized bed, ash-agglomerating gasifier. Preheated air and steam are injected into the center of the bottom along with the solid feed that is conveyed with cool air. Fairly stable reactor internal flow patterns develop and temperatures stabilize (with some fluctuations) when steady state is reached. At nominal conditions the solids residence time in the reactor is on the order of 1.5 to 2 hours, so changes in feed types can require on the order of hours to equilibrate. Changes in operating conditions (e.g. feed rate) usually require much less time. The operating periods of interest for these tests were only the steady state periods, so transient conditions were not monitored as closely. The test matrix first established a base case of operations to which single parameter changes in conditions could be compared. The base case used Montana Rosebud at a coal feed rate of 70 lbm/hr at 425 psig. The coal sawdust mixtures are reported as percent by weight coal to percent by weight sawdust. The mixtures of interest were: 65/35 subbituminous, 75/25 subbituminous, 85/15 subbituminous, and 75/25 bituminous. Steady state was achieved quickly when going from one subbituminous mixture to another, but longer when going from subbituminous to bituminous coal. The most apparent observation when comparing the base case to subbituminous coal/sawdust mixtures is that operating conditions are nearly the same. Product gas does not change much in composition and temperatures remain nearly the same. Comparisons of identical weight ratios of sawdust and subbituminous and bituminous mixtures show considerable changes in operating conditions and gas composition. The highly caking bituminous coal used in this test swelled up and became about half as dense as the comparable subbituminous coal char. Some adjustments were required in accommodating changes in solids removal during the test. Nearly all the solids in the bituminous coal sawdust were conveyed into the upper freeboard section and removed at the mid-level of the reactor. This is in marked contrast to the ash-agglomerating condition where most solids are removed at the very bottom of the gasifier. Temperatures in the bottom of the reactor during the bituminous test were very high and difficult to control. The most significant discovery of the tests was that the addition of sawdust allowed gasification of a coal type that had previously resulted in nearly instant clinkering of the gasifier. Several previous attempts at using Pittsburgh No. 8 were done only at the end of the tests when shutdown was imminent anyway. It is speculated that the fine wood dust somehow coats the pyrolyzed sticky bituminous coal particles and prevents them from agglomerating quickly. As the bituminous coal char particles swell, they are carried to the cooler upper regions of the reactor where they re-solidify. Other interesting phenomena were revealed regarding the transport (rheological) properties of the coal sawdust mixtures. The coal sawdust mixtures segregate quickly when transported. This is visibly apparent. To prevent bridges and ratholes from developing in the lowest coal feed hopper, it is normally fluidized. When feeding the coal sawdust mixtures the fluidizing gas was turned off to prevent segregation. The feed system worked as well with no fluidizing gas when using the mixtures as it did with fluidizing gas and only coal. In addition, it was inadvertently discovered that greatly increased pressure above the feeder resulted in greatly increased flow with the mixtures. Increased pressure above the feeder with coal only results in quickly plugging the feed system. Also, it was learned that addition of sawdust reduces the system loss during conveying compared to coal only. This is in spite of overall smaller particle sizes with the coal sawdust mixtures.

  11. The Wilsonville Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-05-01

    This reports presents the operating results for Run 252 at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. This run operated in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction mode (CC-ITSL) using Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal. The primary run objective was demonstration of unit and system operability in the CC-ITSL mode with catalytic-catalytic reactors and with ash recycle. Run 252 began on 26 November 1986 and continued through 3 February 1987. During this period 214.4 MF tons of Illinois No. 6 coal were fed in 1250 hours of operation. 3 refs., 29 figs., 18 tabs.

  12. Wyoming coal-conversion project. Final technical report, November 1980-February 1982. [Proposed WyCoalGas project, Converse County, Wyoming; contains list of appendices with title and identification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1982-01-01

    This final technical report describes what WyCoalGas, Inc. and its subcontractors accomplished in resolving issues related to the resource, technology, economic, environmental, socioeconomic, and governmental requirements affecting a project located near Douglas, Wyoming for producing 150 Billion Btu per day by gasifying sub-bituminous coal. The report summarizes the results of the work on each task and includes the deliverables that WyCoalGas, Inc. and the subcontractors prepared. The co-venturers withdrew from the project for two reasons: federal financial assistance to the project was seen to be highly uncertain; and funds were being expended at an unacceptably high rate.

  13. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1. Receipts and Quality of Coal by Rank Delivered for Electricity Generation: Total (All Sectors) by State, 2014 Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Census Division and State Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight New England 1,836 1.20 10.1 741 0.09 2.0 0 -- -- Connecticut 0

  14. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2013

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Coal Rank, 2013 (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2013 Table 31. Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Coal Rank, 2013 (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2013 Coal-Producing State Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Anthracite Total Alabama 88.20 - - - 88.20 Alaska - w - - w Arizona w - - - w Arkansas w - - - w Colorado w w - - 37.58 Illinois 47.82 - - -

  15. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3 Table 4.8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 (Billion Short Tons) Region and State Anthracite Bituminous Coal Subbituminous Coal Lignite Total Underground Surface Underground Surface Underground Surface Surface 1 Underground Surface Total Appalachian .............................................. 4.0 3.3 68.2 21.9 0.0 0.0 1.1 72.1 26.3 98.4 Alabama ................................................... .0 .0 .9 2.1 .0 .0 1.1 .9 3.1 4.0 Kentucky, Eastern

  16. Vacuum pyrolyzed tire oil as a coal solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orr, E.C.; Shi, Y.; Ji, Q.

    1995-12-31

    Coal liquefaction is highly dependent upon the type of coal liquefaction solvent used. The solvent must readily solubilize the coal and must act as an effective hydrogen donor or shuttler. Oil derived from the vacuum pyrolysis of used rubber tires has recently been used as a coal solvent with good conversion of coal to liquids in a hydrogen atmosphere. All experiments were completed in shaken tubing reactors at 450{degrees}C utilizing a bituminous coal. Results show the effectiveness of the pyrolyzed tire oil as a coal liquefaction solvent depends upon hydrogen pressure. Electron probe microanalysis data reveal good dispersion of the molybdenum catalyst in coal particles taken from liquefaction experiments.

  17. Assessment of solid-waste characteristics and control technology for oil-shale retorting. Final report for September 1983-February 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, A.K.

    1986-05-01

    The report presents information on oil-shale deposits in the eastern and western parts of the United States, their geological subdivisions, locations, tonnage, and physical and chemical characteristics. Characteristics of solid and liquid wastes produced from various oil-shale-processing technologies and control methods are presented. Also included are results from an experimental study to construct liners and covers for disposal of spent shale. A compilation of available data on the auto-ignition potential of raw and spent shales indicates a similarity between raw-shale fines and bituminous coals.

  18. Effect of coal rank and process conditions on temperature distribution in a liquefaction reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nalitham, R.V.; Moniz, M.

    1986-04-01

    The temperature distribution in a liquefaction reactor in the integrated TSL process is studied. The effects of gas and slurry superficial velocities, process solvent characteristics, reactor length, and catalyst sulfiding agent on the exotherm and temperature difference in the reactor are studied. A substantial temperature difference is observed with subbituminous coal as compared with bituminous coal, at comparable reactor conditions. Some of the factors that are believed to have contributed to the large exotherm and temperature difference in the reactor are slow kinetics and high reaction heat for subbituminous coal conversion and pyrrhotite catalysis.

  19. Fundamental studies of the mechanisms of slag deposit formation: Studies on initiation, growth and sintering in the formation of utility boiler deposits: Topical technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tangsathitkulchai, M.; Austin, L.G.

    1986-03-01

    Three laboratory-scale devices were utilized to investigate the mechanisms of the initiation, growth and sintering process involved in the formation of boiler deposits. Sticking apparatus investigations were conducted to study deposit initiation by comparing the adhesion behavior of the ash drops on four types of steel-based heat exchanger materials under the conditions found in a utility boiler and an entrained slagging gasifier. In addition, the adhesion behavior of the ash drops on a reduced steel surface were investigated. All the ash drops studied in this investigation were produced from bituminous coals.

  20. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    . Receipts and Quality of Coal Delivered for the Electric Power Industry, 2004 through 2014 Bituminous Subbituminous Lignite Period Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight Receipts (Thousand Tons) Average Sulfur Percent by Weight Average Ash Percent by Weight 2004 470,619 1.52 10.4 445,603 0.36 6.0 78,268 1.05 14.2 2005 480,179 1.56 10.5 456,856 0.36 6.2 77,677

  1. SAS Output

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Coal Rank, 2013" "(dollars per short ton)" "Coal-Producing State","Bituminous","Subbituminous","Lignite","Anthracite","Total" "Alabama",88.2,"-","-","-",88.2 "Alaska","-","w","-","-","w" "Arizona","w","-","-","-","w"

  2. table7.1_02.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Physical Units. Bituminous and Coal Subbituminous Coal Petroleum NAICS TOTAL Acetylene Breeze Total Anthracite Coal Lignite Coke Coke Code(a) Subsector and Industry (million Btu) (cu ft) (short tons) (short tons) (short tons) (short tons) (short tons) (short tons) (gallons) Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.1 2.1 0.6 1 0.6

  3. Petrographic characterization of economizer fly ash

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Valentim, B.; Hower, J.C.; Soares, S.; Guedes, A.; Garcia, C.; Flores, D.; Oliveira, A.

    2009-11-15

    Policies for reducing NOx emissions have led power plants to restrict O{sub 2}, resulting in high-carbon fly ash production. Therefore, some potentially useful fly ash, such as the economizer fly ash, is discarded without a thorough knowledge of its composition. In order to characterize this type of fly ash, samples were collected from the economizer Portuguese power plant burning two low-sulfur bituminous coals. Characterization was also performed on economizer fly ash subsamples after wet sieving, density and magnetic separation. Analysis included atomic absorption spectroscopy, loss-on-ignition, scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, optical microscopy, and micro-Raman spectroscopy.

  4. Microsoft Word - Glaubach-bio.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Biograp Uwe Gla Since 2 Freiberg in unde crushed executio Uwe Gla Geotech He will ELSA. phy aubach 2004, Uwe g. His work erground en d salt, mat on of field an aubach hold hnique and presenting Glaubach w is focused ngineered b terials char nd laborator ds a degree Mining at T at the fifth works as a on the deve barrier syst racterization ry tests. e as gradua echnical Un US/Germa a scientist a elopment of ems, the o n and dev ate geotechn niversity Ber an worksho at the Tec f bituminous

  5. CO2 sequestration potential of Charqueadas coal field in Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Romanov, V; Santarosa, C; Crandall, D; Haljasmaa, I; Hur, T -B; Fazio, J; Warzinski, R; Heemann, R; Ketzer, J M

    2013-02-01

    Although coal is not the primary source of energy in Brazil there is growing interest to evaluate the potential of coal from the south of the country for various activities. The I2B coal seamin the Charqueadas coal field has been considered a target for enhanced coal bed methane production and CO2 sequestration. A detailed experimental study of the samples from this seam was conducted at the NETL with assistance from the Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica Do Rio Grande Do Sul. Such properties as sorption capacity, internal structure of the samples, porosity and permeability were of primary interest in this characterization study. The samples used were low rank coals (high volatile bituminous and sub-bituminous) obtained from the I2B seam. It was observed that the temperature effect on adsorption capacity correlates negatively with as-received water and mineral content. Langmuir CO2 adsorption capacity of the coal samples ranged 0.61?2.09 mmol/g. The upper I2B seam appears to be overall more heterogeneous and less permeable than the lower I2B seam. The lower seam coal appears to have a large amount of micro-fractures that do not close even at 11 MPa of confining pressure.

  6. Coal desulfurization by chlorinolysis: production and combustion-test evaluation of product coals. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalvinskas, J.; Daly, D.

    1982-04-30

    Laboratory-scale screening tests were carried out on PSOC 276, Pittsburgh Coal from Harrison County, Ohio to establish chlorination and hydrodesulfurization conditions for the batch reactor production of chlorinolysis and chlorinolysis-hydrodesulfurized coals. In addition, three bituminous coals, Pittsburgh No. 8 from Greene County, PA, Illinois No. 6 from Jackson County, Illinois and Eagle No. 5 from Moffat County, Colorado were treated on the lab scale by the chlorinolysis process to provide 39 to 62% desulfurization. Two bituminous coals (PSOC 276, Pittsburgh Coal from Harrison County, Ohio and 282, Illinois No. 6 Coal from Jefferson County, Illinois) and one subbituminous coal (PSOC 230, Rosebud Coal fom Rosebud County, Montana) were then produced in 11 to 15 pound lots as chlorinolysis and hydrodesulfurized coals. The chlorinolysis coals had a desulfurization of 29 to 69%, reductions in volatiles (12 to 37%) and hydrogen (6 to 31%). Hydrodesulfurization provided a much greater desulfurization (56 to 86%), reductions in volatiles (77 to 84%) and hydrogen (56 to 64%). The three coals were combustion tested in the Penn State plane flame furance to determine ignition and burning characteristics. All three coals burned well to completion as: raw coals, chlorinolysis processed coals and hydrodesulfurized coals. The hydrodesulfurized coals experienced greater ignition delays and reduced burning rates than the other coals because of the reduced volatile content. It is thought that the increased open pore volume in the desulfurized-devolatilized coals compensates in part for the decreased volatiles effect on ignition and burning. 4 figures, 2 tables.

  7. Low-severity catalytic two-stage liquefaction process: Illinois coal conceptual commercial plant design and economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abrams, L.M.; Comolli, A.G.; Popper, G.A.; Wang, C.; Wilson, G.

    1988-09-01

    Hydrocarbon Research, Inc. (HRI) is conducting a program for the United States Department of Energy (DOE) to evaluate a Catalytic Two-Stage Liquefaction (CTSL) Process. This program which runs through 1987, is a continuation of an earlier DOE sponsored program (1983--1985) at HRI to develop a new technology concept for CTSL. The earlier program included bench-scale testing of improved operating conditions for the CTSL Process on Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal and Wyoming sub-bituminous coal, and engineering screening studies to identify the economic incentive for CTSL over the single-stage H-Coal/reg sign/ Process for Illinois No. 6 coal. In the current program these engineering screening studies are extended to deep-cleaned Illinois coal and use of heavy recycle. The results from this comparison will be used as a guide for future experiments with respect to selection of coal feedstocks and areas for further process optimization. A preliminary design for CTSL of Illinois deep-cleaned coal was developed based on demonstrated bench-scale performance in Run No. 227-47(I-27), and from HRI's design experience on the Breckinridge Project and H-Coal/reg sign/ Process pilot plant operations at Catlettsburg. Complete conceptual commercial plant designs were developed for a grassroots facility using HRI's Process Planning Model. Product costs were calculated and economic sensitivities analyzed. 14 refs., 11 figs., 49 tabs.

  8. Two-stage, close coupled catalytic liquefaction of coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Johanson, E.S.; Panvelker, S.V.; Popper, G.A.; Smith, T.O.

    1990-09-01

    During the first quarter of 1990, work was carried out in the microautoclave, microreactor, and Bench-Scale units. An economics analysis on sub-bituminous coal processing at two space velocities was also completed. Several supported catalysts and a sample of iron oxide were screened in the microautoclave unsulfided and sulfided with DMDS and TNPS. A second shipment of Black Thunder coal from Wilsonville, oil agglomerated cleaned Illinois {number sign}6 coal from Homer City, OTISCA cleaned coal a New Mexico coal were evaluated for relative conversions with and without catalyst. Results of Bench-Scale developments with cleaned, oil agglomerated, Illinois {number sign}6 coal from Homer City(CC-6), Dispersed Catalyst/Supported Catalyst Two-Stage and reversed sequential operation (CC-7), on Black Thunder Coal (CC-7), and preliminary observations on OTISCA cleaned coal are presented. The oil agglomerated cleaned coal gave higher conversion and distillate production than the OTISCA cleaned coal. The Dispersed/Supported Two-Stage operation yielded higher gas production than the reverse sequence but also showed the higher coal conversion. Economic analysis of sub-bituminous coal processing at two space velocities showed a 3% higher return on investment with a 50% increase in space velocity. 13 tabs.

  9. Entrained-flow gasification at elevated pressure: Volume 1: Final technical report, March 1, 1985-April 30,1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hedman, P.O.; Smoot, L.D.; Smith, P.J.; Blackham, A.U.

    1987-10-15

    The general purpose of this research program was to develop a basic understanding of the physical and chemical processes in entrained coal gasification and to use the results to improve and evaluate an entrained gasification computer model. The first task included the collection and analysis of in-situ gasifier data at elevated pressures with three coal types (North Dakota lignite, Wyoming subbituminous and Illinois bituminous), the design, construction, and testing of new coal/oxygen/steam injectors with a fourth coal type (Utah bituminous), the collection of supporting turbulent fluid dynamic (LDV) data from cold-flow studies, and the investigation of the feasibility of using laser-based (CARS) daignostic instruments to make measurements in coal flames. The second task included improvements to the two-dimensional gasifier submodels, tabulation and evaluation of new coal devolatilization and char oxidation data for predictions, fundamental studies of turbulent particle dispersion, the development of improved numerical methods, and validation of the comprehensive model through comparison of predictions with experimental results. The third task was to transfer technical advances to industry and to METC through technical seminars, production of a detailed data book, code placement, and publication of results. Research results for these three tasks are summarized briefly here and presented in detail in the body of the report and in supporting references. 202 refs., 73 figs., 23 tabs.

  10. Elemental characterization of LL-MA radioactive waste packages with the associated particle technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perot, B.; Carasco, C.; Toure, M.; El Kanawati, W.; Eleon, C.

    2011-07-01

    The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and National Radioactive Waste Management Agency (ANDRA) are conducting an R and D program to improve the characterization of long-lived and medium activity (LL-MA) radioactive waste packages with analytical methods and with non-destructive nuclear measurements. This paper concerns fast neutron interrogation with the associated particle technique (APT), which brings 3D information about the waste material composition. The characterization of volume elements filled with iron, water, aluminium, and PVC in bituminized and fibre concrete LL-MA waste packages has been investigated with MCNP [1] and MODAR data analysis software [2]. APT provides usable information about major elements presents in the volumes of interest. However, neutron scattering on hydrogen nuclei spreads the tagged neutron beam out of the targeted volume towards surrounding materials, reducing spatial selectivity. Simulation shows that small less than 1 L targets can be characterised up to the half-radius of a 225 L bituminized drum, the matrix of which is very rich in hydrogen. Deeper characterization in concrete is possible but limited by counting statistics due to photon attenuation in this dense matrix and, unless large inspection volumes are considered, by the lack of spatial selectivity of the tagged neutron beam due to neutron scattering. (authors)

  11. Preliminary Field Evaluation of Mercury Control Using Combustion Modifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V. Lissianski; P. Maly; T. Marquez

    2005-01-22

    In this project EER conducted a preliminary field evaluation of the integrated approach for mercury (Hg) and NO{sub x} control. The approach enhanced the 'naturally occurring' Hg capture by fly ash through combustion optimization, increasing carbon in ash content, and lowering ESP temperature. The evaluation took place in Green Station Units 1 and 2 located near Henderson, Kentucky and operated by Western Kentucky Energy. Units 1 and 2 are equipped with cold-side ESPs and wet scrubbers. Green Station Units 1 and 2 typically fire two types of fuel: a bituminous coal and a blend of bituminous coals based on availability. Testing of Hg emissions in Unit 2 without reburning system in operation and at minimum OFA demonstrated that efficiencies of Hg reduction downstream of the ESP were 30-40%. Testing also demonstrated that OFA system operation at 22% air resulted in 10% incremental increase in Hg removal efficiency at the ESP outlet. About 80% of Hg in flue gas at ESP outlet was present in the oxidized form. Testing of Hg emissions under reburning conditions showed that Hg emissions decreased with LOI increase and ESP temperature decrease. Testing demonstrated that maximum Hg reduction downstream of ESP was 40-45% at ESP temperatures higher than 300 F and 60-80% at ESP temperatures lower than 300 F. The program objective to demonstrate 80% Hg removal at the ESP outlet has been met.

  12. CO2 Sequestration in Unmineable Coal Seams: Potential Environmental Impacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hedges, S.W.; Soong, Yee; McCarthy Jones, J.R.; Harrison, D.K.; Irdi, G.A.; Frommell, E.A.; Dilmore, R.M.; Pique, P.J.; Brown, T.D

    2005-09-01

    An initial investigation into the potential environmental impacts of CO2 sequestration in unmineable coal seams has been conducted, focusing on changes in the produced water during enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) production using a CO2 injection process (CO2-ECBM). Two coals have been used in this study, the medium volatile bituminous Upper Freeport coal (APCS 1) of the Argonne Premium Coal Samples series, and an as-mined Pittsburgh #8 coal, which is a high volatile bituminous coal. Coal samples were reacted with either synthetic produced water or field collected produced water and gaseous carbon dioxide at 40 ?C and 50 bar to evaluate the potential for mobilizing toxic metals during CO2-ECBM/sequestration. Microscopic and x-ray diffraction analysis of the post-reaction coal samples clearly show evidence of chemical reaction, and chemical analysis of the produced water shows substantial changes in composition. These results suggest that changes to the produced water chemistry and the potential for mobilizing toxic trace elements from coalbeds are important factors to be considered when evaluating deep, unmineable coal seams for CO2 sequestration.

  13. Catalytic steam gasification reactivity of HyperCoals produced from different rank of coals at 600-775{degree}C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atul Sharma; Ikuo Saito; Toshimasa Takanohashi

    2008-11-15

    HyperCoal is a clean coal with ash content <0.05 wt %. HyperCoals were prepared from a brown coal, a sub-bituminous coal, and a bituminous raw coal by solvent extraction method. Catalytic steam gasification of these HyperCoals was carried out with K{sub 2}CO{sub 3} at 775, 700, 650, and 600 {degree}C, and their rates were compared. HyperCoals produced from low-rank coals were more reactive than those produced from the high-rank coals. XRD measurements were carried out to understand the difference in gasification reactivity of HyperCoals. Arrhenius plot of ln (k) vs 1/T in the temperature range 600-825{degree}C was a curve rather than a straight line. The point of change was observed at 700{degree}C for HyperCoals from low-rank coals and at 775{degree}C for HyperCoals from high-rank coals. Using HyperCoal produced from low-rank coals as feedstock, steam gasification of coal may be possible at temperatures less than 650{degree}C. 22 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Field Testing of a Wet FGD Additive for Enhanced Mercury Control - Task 5 Full-Scale Test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Blythe; MariJon Owens

    2007-12-01

    This Topical Report summarizes progress on Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42309, 'Field Testing of a Wet FGD Additive'. The objective of the project is to demonstrate the use of two flue gas desulfurization (FGD) additives, Evonik Degussa Corporation's TMT-15 and Nalco Company's Nalco 8034, to prevent the re-emission of elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) in flue gas exiting wet FGD systems on coal-fired boilers. Furthermore, the project intends to demonstrate whether the additive can be used to precipitate most of the mercury (Hg) removed in the wet FGD system as a fine salt that can be separated from the FGD liquor and bulk solid byproducts for separate disposal. The project is conducting pilot- and full-scale tests of the additives in wet FGD absorbers. The tests are intended to determine required additive dosages to prevent Hg{sup 0} re-emissions and to separate mercury from the normal FGD byproducts for three coal types: Texas lignite/Powder River Basin (PRB) coal blend, high-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal, and low-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal. The project team consists of URS Group, Inc., EPRI, Luminant Power (was TXU Generation Company LP), Southern Company, IPL (an AES company), Evonik Degussa Corporation and the Nalco Company. Luminant Power has provided the Texas lignite/PRB co-fired test site for pilot FGD tests and cost sharing. Southern Company has provided the low-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal host site for wet scrubbing tests, as well as the pilot- and full-scale jet bubbling reactor (JBR) FGD systems tested. IPL provided the high-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal full-scale FGD test site and cost sharing. Evonik Degussa Corporation is providing the TMT-15 additive, and the Nalco Company is providing the Nalco 8034 additive. Both companies are also supplying technical support to the test program as in-kind cost sharing. The project is being conducted in six tasks. Of the six project tasks, Task 1 involves project planning and Task 6 involves management and reporting. The other four tasks involve field testing on FGD systems, either at pilot or full scale. The four tasks include: Task 2 - Pilot Additive Testing in Texas Lignite Flue Gas; Task 3 - Full-scale FGD Additive Testing in High-sulfur Eastern Bituminous Flue Gas; Task 4 - Pilot Wet Scrubber Additive Tests at Plant Yates; and Task 5 - Full-scale Additive Tests at Plant Yates. The pilot-scale tests and the full-scale test using high-sulfur coal were completed in 2005 and 2006 and have been previously reported. This topical report presents the results from the Task 5 full-scale additive tests, conducted at Southern Company's Plant Yates Unit 1. Both additives were tested there.

  15. Field Testing of a Wet FGD Additive for Enhanced Mercury Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Blythe; MariJon Owens

    2007-12-31

    This document is the final report for DOE-NETL Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-04NT42309, 'Field Testing of a Wet FGD Additive'. The objective of the project has been to demonstrate the use of two flue gas desulfurization (FGD) additives, Evonik Degussa Corporation's TMT-15 and Nalco Company's Nalco 8034, to prevent the re-emission of elemental mercury (Hg{sup 0}) in flue gas exiting wet FGD systems on coal-fired boilers. Furthermore, the project was intended to demonstrate whether such additives can be used to precipitate most of the mercury (Hg) removed in the wet FGD system as a fine salt that can be separated from the FGD liquor and bulk solid byproducts for separate disposal. The project involved pilot- and full-scale tests of the additives in wet FGD absorbers. The tests were intended to determine required additive dosages to prevent Hg{sup 0} re-emissions and to separate mercury from the normal FGD byproducts for three coal types: Texas lignite/Powder River Basin (PRB) coal blend, high-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal, and low-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal. The project team consists of URS Group, Inc., EPRI, Luminant Power (was TXU Generation Company LP), Southern Company, IPL (an AES company), Evonik Degussa Corporation and the Nalco Company. Luminant Power provided the Texas lignite/PRB co-fired test site for pilot FGD tests and project cost sharing. Southern Company provided the low-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal host site for wet scrubbing tests, the pilot- and full-scale jet bubbling reactor (JBR) FGD systems tested, and project cost sharing. IPL provided the high-sulfur Eastern bituminous coal full-scale FGD test site and cost sharing. Evonik Degussa Corporation provided the TMT-15 additive, and the Nalco Company provided the Nalco 8034 additive. Both companies also supplied technical support to the test program as in-kind cost sharing. The project was conducted in six tasks. Of the six tasks, Task 1 involved project planning and Task 6 involved management and reporting. The other four tasks involved field testing on FGD systems, either at pilot or full scale. These four tasks included: Task 2 - Pilot Additive Testing in Texas Lignite Flue Gas; Task 3 - Full-scale FGD Additive Testing in High-sulfur Eastern Bituminous Flue Gas; Task 4 - Pilot Wet Scrubber Additive Tests at Plant Yates; and Task 5 - Full-scale Additive Tests at Plant Yates. The pilot-scale tests were completed in 2005 and the full-scale test using high-sulfur coal was completed in 2006; only the TMT-15 additive was tested in these efforts. The Task 5 full-scale additive tests conducted at Southern Company's Plant Yates Unit 1 were completed in 2007, and both the TMT-15 and Nalco 8034 additives were tested.

  16. Annual Energy Outlook 2011

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Natural Gas Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels Analysis Administrator Briefing October 2nd, 2012 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AEO2013P uses ref2013.d100312b AEO2012 uses ref2012.d020112c Changes for AEO2013 Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis Working Group Natural Gas Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington, DC, October 4, 2012 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject to

  17. Slide10 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Information How Data Citation Works Data Citation metadata submitted to DOE-OSTI Web Service API 241.6 AN DOI Assigned By DOE-OSTI DOE-OSTI submits nightly feed of new DOIs to DataCite DataCite Registers DOI Dataset Type Dataset Title Dataset Creator/Author or Principal Investigator Dataset Product Number DOE Contract/Award Number Originating Research Organization Publication/ Issue Date Sponsoring Organization URL where the Dataset is posted for access Contact information Creator/Author,

  18. OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information |

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Speeding access to science information from DOE and Beyond December 18, 2007 OSTI cited as Web site "on the right track" Oak Ridge, TN - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) continues to ensure ready access to the results of research and development from DOE, federal government science agencies, and international scientific databases. OSTI was recently cited as one of five federal government Web sites "on the right

  19. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oil AEO2013 Oil and Gas Supply Working Group Meeting Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis October 4, 2012 | Washington, DC WORKING GROUP PRESENTATION FOR DISCUSSION PURPOSES DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE AS RESULTS ARE SUBJECT TO CHANGE AEO2013P uses ref2013.d100312b AEO2012 uses ref2012.d020112c Changes for AEO2013 Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis Working Group Oil Presentation for Discussion Purposes Washington, DC, October 4, 2012 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE as results are subject

  20. Enzymantic Conversion of Coal to Liquid Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard Troiano

    2011-01-31

    The work in this project focused on the conversion of bituminous coal to liquid hydrocarbons. The major steps in this process include mechanical pretreatment, chemical pretreatment, and finally solubilization and conversion of coal to liquid hydrocarbons. Two different types of mechanical pretreatment were considered for the process: hammer mill grinding and jet mill grinding. After research and experimentation, it was decided to use jet mill grinding, which allows for coal to be ground down to particle sizes of 5 {mu}m or less. A Fluid Energy Model 0101 JET-O-MIZER-630 size reduction mill was purchased for this purpose. This machine was completed and final testing was performed on the machine at the Fluid Energy facilities in Telford, PA. The test results from the machine show that it can indeed perform to the required specifications and is able to grind coal down to a mean particle size that is ideal for experimentation. Solubilization and conversion experiments were performed on various pretreated coal samples using 3 different approaches: (1) enzymatic - using extracellular Laccase and Manganese Peroxidase (MnP), (2) chemical - using Ammonium Tartrate and Manganese Peroxidase, and (3) enzymatic - using the live organisms Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Spectral analysis was used to determine how effective each of these methods were in decomposing bituminous coal. After analysis of the results and other considerations, such as cost and environmental impacts, it was determined that the enzymatic approaches, as opposed to the chemical approaches using chelators, were more effective in decomposing coal. The results from the laccase/MnP experiments and Phanerochaete chrysosporium experiments are presented and compared in this final report. Spectra from both enzymatic methods show absorption peaks in the 240nm to 300nm region. These peaks correspond to aromatic intermediates formed when breaking down the coal structure. The peaks then decrease in absorbance over time, corresponding to the consumption of aromatic intermediates as they undergo ring cleavage. The results show that this process happens within 1 hour when using extracellular enzymes, but takes several days when using live organisms. In addition, live organisms require specific culture conditions, control of contaminants and fungicides in order to effectively produce extracellular enzymes that degrade coal. Therefore, when comparing the two enzymatic methods, results show that the process of using extracellular lignin degrading enzymes, such as laccase and manganese peroxidase, appears to be a more efficient method of decomposing bituminous coal.

  1. The Mesaba Energy Project: Clean Coal Power Initiative, Round 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stone, Richard; Gray, Gordon; Evans, Robert

    2014-07-31

    The Mesaba Energy Project is a nominal 600 MW integrated gasification combine cycle power project located in Northeastern Minnesota. It was selected to receive financial assistance pursuant to code of federal regulations (?CFR?) 10 CFR 600 through a competitive solicitation under Round 2 of the Department of Energy?s Clean Coal Power Initiative, which had two stated goals: (1) to demonstrate advanced coal-based technologies that can be commercialized at electric utility scale, and (2) to accelerate the likelihood of deploying demonstrated technologies for widespread commercial use in the electric power sector. The Project was selected in 2004 to receive a total of $36 million. The DOE portion that was equally cost shared in Budget Period 1 amounted to about $22.5 million. Budget Period 1 activities focused on the Project Definition Phase and included: project development, preliminary engineering, environmental permitting, regulatory approvals and financing to reach financial close and start of construction. The Project is based on ConocoPhillips? E-Gas? Technology and is designed to be fuel flexible with the ability to process sub-bituminous coal, a blend of sub-bituminous coal and petroleum coke and Illinois # 6 bituminous coal. Major objectives include the establishment of a reference plant design for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (?IGCC?) technology featuring advanced full slurry quench, multiple train gasification, integration of the air separation unit, and the demonstration of 90% operational availability and improved thermal efficiency relative to previous demonstration projects. In addition, the Project would demonstrate substantial environmental benefits, as compared with conventional technology, through dramatically lower emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, carbon monoxide, particulate matter and mercury. Major milestones achieved in support of fulfilling the above goals include obtaining Site, High Voltage Transmission Line Route, and Natural Gas Pipeline Route Permits for a Large Electric Power Generating Plant to be located in Taconite, Minnesota. In addition, major pre-construction permit applications have been filed requesting authorization for the Project to i) appropriate water sufficient to accommodate its worst case needs, ii) operate a major stationary source in compliance with regulations established to protect public health and welfare, and iii) physically alter the geographical setting to accommodate its construction. As of the current date, the Water Appropriation Permits have been obtained.

  2. Biodegradation testing of bitumen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barletta, R.E.; Bowerman, B.S.; Davis, R.E.; Shea, C.E.

    1986-01-01

    An estimate of the rate of biodegradation of bituminous material is necessary to predict the long-term stability of low- and intermediate-level waste solidified using bitumen. Data from a series of scoping experiments have been analyzed to determine the rate of degradation of blown bitumen samples under a variety of conditions. Among the variables investigated were the effect of soil type, moisture, sample surface area and microbial strain. The rate of degradation was measured by monitoring metabolic CO/sub 2/ release. Using this data it was found that, for degradation in soil, a mean rate of 5.5 x 10..mu../sup 4/ cm/y represented all data to within a factor of about two. This mean rate is nearly that for distilled bitumen samples measured by other workers.

  3. Second stage gasifier in staged gasification and integrated process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, Guohai; Vimalchand, Pannalal; Peng, Wan Wang

    2015-10-06

    A second stage gasification unit in a staged gasification integrated process flow scheme and operating methods are disclosed to gasify a wide range of low reactivity fuels. The inclusion of second stage gasification unit operating at high temperatures closer to ash fusion temperatures in the bed provides sufficient flexibility in unit configurations, operating conditions and methods to achieve an overall carbon conversion of over 95% for low reactivity materials such as bituminous and anthracite coals, petroleum residues and coke. The second stage gasification unit includes a stationary fluidized bed gasifier operating with a sufficiently turbulent bed of predefined inert bed material with lean char carbon content. The second stage gasifier fluidized bed is operated at relatively high temperatures up to 1400.degree. C. Steam and oxidant mixture can be injected to further increase the freeboard region operating temperature in the range of approximately from 50 to 100.degree. C. above the bed temperature.

  4. KINETIC STUDY OF COAL AND BIOMASS CO-PYROLYSIS USING THERMOGRAVIMETRY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Ping; Hedges, Sheila; Chaudharib, Kiran; Turtonb, Richard

    2013-10-29

    The objectives of this study are to investigate thermal behavior of coal and biomass blends in inert gas environment at low heating rates and to develop a simplified kinetic model using model fitting techniques based on TGA experimental data. Differences in thermal behavior and reactivity in co-pyrolysis of Powder River Basin (PRB) sub-bituminous coal and pelletized southern yellow pine wood sawdust blends at low heating rates are observed. Coal/wood blends have higher reactivity compared to coal alone in the lower temperature due to the high volatile matter content of wood. As heating rates increase, weight loss rates increase. The experiment data obtained from TGA has a better fit with proposed two step first order reactions model compared single first order reaction model.

  5. Application of coal petrography to the evaluation of magnetically separated dry crushed coals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, L.A.; Hise, E.C.

    1981-01-01

    In the present study the open gradient magnetic separation method has been used to beneficiate the -30 + 100 mesh fraction of two high volatile bituminous coals. The evaluation of the effectiveness of the magnetic separation for cleaning these coals is the subject of this paper. Coal petrography in combination with scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffractometry were used to characterize the magnetically separated coal fractions. These analyses revealed that the majority of the pyrite and non-pyrite minerals were concentrated in the positive magnetic susceptibility fractions. The bulk of the starting samples (approx. 80 weight percent) were located in the negative magnetic susceptibility fractions and showed significant reductions in pyrite and non-pyritic minerals. The magnetic separation appears to effectively split the samples into relatively clean coal and refuse.

  6. SAS Output

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4. Stocks of Coal by Coal Rank: Electric Power Sector, 2004 - 2014 Electric Power Sector Period Bituminous Coal Subbituminous Coal Lignite Coal Total End of Year Stocks 2004 49,022 53,618 4,029 106,669 2005 52,923 44,377 3,836 101,137 2006 67,760 68,408 4,797 140,964 2007 63,964 82,692 4,565 151,221 2008 65,818 91,214 4,556 161,589 2009 91,922 92,448 5,097 189,467 2010 81,108 86,915 6,894 174,917 2011 82,056 85,151 5,179 172,387 2012 86,437 93,833 4,846 185,116 2013 73,113 69,720 5,051 147,884

  7. Word Pro - Untitled1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1 Table 7.2 Coal Production, Selected Years, 1949-2011 (Million Short Tons) Year Rank Mining Method Location Total 1 Bituminous Coal 1 Subbituminous Coal Lignite Anthracite 1 Underground Surface 1 East of the Mississippi 1 West of the Mississippi 1 1949 437.9 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 42.7 358.9 121.7 444.2 36.4 480.6 1950 516.3 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 44.1 421.0 139.4 524.4 36.0 560.4 1955 464.6 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 26.2 358.0 132.9 464.2 26.6 490.8 1960 415.5 2 ( ) 2 ( ) 18.8 292.6 141.7 413.0 21.3 434.3 1965 512.1 2 ( ) 2 ( )

  8. Table 4.8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 (Billion Short Tons)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Coal Demonstrated Reserve Base, January 1, 2011 (Billion Short Tons) Region and State Anthracite Bituminous Coal Subbituminous Coal Lignite Total Underground Surface Underground Surface Underground Surface Surface 1 Underground Surface Total Appalachian 4.0 3.3 68.2 21.9 0.0 0.0 1.1 72.1 26.3 98.4 Alabama .0 .0 .9 2.1 .0 .0 1.1 .9 3.1 4.0 Kentucky, Eastern .0 .0 .8 9.1 .0 .0 .0 .8 9.1 9.8 Ohio .0 .0 17.4 5.7 .0 .0 .0 17.4 5.7 23.1 Pennsylvania 3.8 3.3 18.9 .8 .0 .0 .0 22.7 4.2 26.9 Virginia .1

  9. Table 7.2 Coal Production, 1949-2011 (Short Tons)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coal Production, 1949-2011 (Short Tons) Year Rank Mining Method Location Total 1 Bituminous Coal 1 Subbituminous Coal Lignite Anthracite 1 Underground Surface 1 East of the Mississippi 1 West of the Mississippi 1 1949 437,868,000 [2] [2] 42,702,000 358,854,000 121,716,000 444,199,000 36,371,000 480,570,000 1950 516,311,000 [2] [2] 44,077,000 421,000,000 139,388,000 524,374,000 36,014,000 560,388,000 1951 533,665,000 [2] [2] 42,670,000 442,184,000 134,151,000 541,703,000 34,632,000 576,335,000

  10. Table 7.9 Coal Prices, 1949-2011 (Dollars per Short Ton)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Coal Prices, 1949-2011 (Dollars per Short Ton) Year Bituminous Coal Subbituminous Coal Lignite 1 Anthracite Total Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 Nominal 2 Real 3 1949 4.90 [4] 33.80 [4,R] [4] [4] 2.37 16.35 [R] 8.90 61.38 [R] 5.24 36.14 [R] 1950 4.86 [4] 33.16 [4,R] [4] [4] 2.41 16.44 [R] 9.34 63.73 [R] 5.19 35.41 [R] 1951 4.94 [4] 31.44 [4,R] [4] [4] 2.44 15.53 [R] 9.94 63.26 [R] 5.29 33.67 [R] 1952 4.92 [4] 30.78 [4,R] [4] [4] 2.39 14.95 [R] 9.58 59.94 [R]

  11. Assessment of advanced coal-gasification processes. [AVCO high throughput gasification in process; Bell High Mass Flux process; CS-R process; and Exxon Gasification process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, J.; Ferrall, J.; Charng, T.; Houseman, J.

    1981-06-01

    This report represents a technical assessment of the following advanced coal gasification processes: AVCO High Throughput Gasification (HTG) Process, Bell Single - Stage High Mass Flux (HMF) Process, Cities Service/Rockwell (CS/R) Hydrogasification Process, and the Exxon Catalytic Coal Gasification (CCG) Process. Each process is evaluated for its potential to produce SNG from a bituminous coal. In addition to identifying the new technology these processes represent, key similarities/differences, strengths/weaknesses, and potential improvements to each process are identified. The AVCO HTG and the Bell HMF gasifiers share similarities with respect to: short residence time (SRT), high throughput rate, slagging and syngas as the initial raw product gas. The CS/R Hydrogasifier is also SRT but is non-slagging and produces a raw gas high in methane content. The Exxon CCG gasifier is a long residence time, catalytic fluidbed reactor producing all of the raw product methane in the gasifier.

  12. Injury experience in coal mining, 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1991-01-01

    This Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) informational report reviews in detail the occupational injury and illness experience of coal mining in the United States for 1990. Data reported by operators of mining establishments concerning work injuries are summarized by work location, accident classification, part of body injured, nature of injury, occupation, and anthracite or bituminous coal. Related information on employment, worktime, and operating activity also is presented. Data reported by independent contractors performing certain work at mining locations are depicted separately in this report. For ease of comparison between coal mining and the metal and nonmetal mineral mining industries, summary reference tabulations are included at the end of both the operator and the contractor sections of this report.

  13. International energy indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, E.K.

    1980-09-01

    Data are compiled and graphs are presented for Iran: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Saudi Arabia: Crude Oil Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; OPEC (Ex-Iran and Saudi Arabia): Capacity, Production and Shut-in, 1974-1980; Non-OPEC Free World and US Production of Crude Oil, 1973-1980; Oil Stocks: Free World, US, Japan and Europe (landed), 1973-1980; Petroleum Consumption by Industrial Countries, 1973-1980; USSR Crude Oil Production, 1974-1980; Free World and US Nuclear Generation Capacity, 1973-1980; US Imports of Crude Oil and Products, 1973-1980; Landed Cost of Saudi Crude in Current and 1974 Dollars; US Trade in Bituminous Coal, 1973-1980; Summary of US Merchandise Trade, 1976-1980; and Energy/GNP Ratio.

  14. table7.2_02.xls

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Average Prices of Purchased Energy Sources, 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: All Energy Sources Collected; Unit: U.S. Dollars per Million Btu. Bituminous and NAICS Coal Subbituminous Coal Petroleum Code(a) Subsector and Industry TOTAL Acetylene Breeze Total Anthracite Coal Lignite Coke Coke Total United States RSE Column Factors: 1.1 2.1 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.9 1.4 0.7 0.9 311 Food 6.42 113.78 0 1.46 W 1.46 0 5.18 0 311221 Wet Corn Milling 3.11 106.84 0 1.32 0 1.32 0 0

  15. Nitrogen oxide abatement by distributed fuel addition. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, J.O.L.; Mereb, J.B.

    1991-09-20

    Reburning is examined as a means of NO{sub x} destruction in a 17 kW down-fired pulverized coal combustor. In reburning, a secondary fuel is introduced downstream of the primary flame to produce a reducing zone, favorable to NO destruction, and air is introduced further downstream to complete the combustion. Emphasis is on natural gas reburning and a bituminous coal primary flame. A parametric examination of reburning employing a statistical experimental design, is conducted, complemented by detailed experiments. Mechanisms governing the inter-conversion of nitrogenous species in the fuel rich reburn zone is explored. The effect of reburning on N{sub 2}O emissions, the effect of primary flame mode (premixed and diffusion) and the effect of distributing the reburning fuel, are also investigated.

  16. Nitrogen oxide abatement by distributed fuel addition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, J.O.L.; Mereb, J.B.

    1991-09-20

    Reburning is examined as a means of NO{sub x} destruction in a 17 kW down-fired pulverized coal combustor. In reburning, a secondary fuel is introduced downstream of the primary flame to produce a reducing zone, favorable to NO destruction, and air is introduced further downstream to complete the combustion. Emphasis is on natural gas reburning and a bituminous coal primary flame. A parametric examination of reburning employing a statistical experimental design, is conducted, complemented by detailed experiments. Mechanisms governing the inter-conversion of nitrogenous species in the fuel rich reburn zone is explored. The effect of reburning on N{sub 2}O emissions, the effect of primary flame mode (premixed and diffusion) and the effect of distributing the reburning fuel, are also investigated.

  17. Catalyst dispersion and activity under conditions of temperature-staged liquefaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, A.; Schobert, H.H.; Mitchell, G.D.; Artok, L.

    1993-02-01

    This research program involves the investigation of the use of highly dispersed catalyst precursors for the pretreatment of coals by mild hydrogenation. During the course of this effort solvent preswelling of the coal was evaluated as a means of deeply impregnating catalysts into coal, active phases of catalysts under reaction conditions were studied and the impact of these techniques were evaluated during pretreatment and temperature-staged liquefaction. Two coals, a Texas subbituminous and a Utah high volatile A bituminous, were used to examine the effects of solvent swelling pretreatment and catalyst impregnation on conversion behavior at 275[degrees]C, representative of the first, low-temperature stage in a temperature-staged liquefaction reaction. Ferrous sulfate, iron pentacarbonyl, ammonium tetrathiomolybdate, and molybdenum hexacarbonyl were used as catalyst precursors. Without swelling pretreatment, impregnation of both coals increased conversion, mainly through increased yields of preasphaltenes.

  18. Catalyst dispersion and activity under conditions of temperature-staged liquefaction. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, A.; Schobert, H.H.; Mitchell, G.D.; Artok, L.

    1993-02-01

    This research program involves the investigation of the use of highly dispersed catalyst precursors for the pretreatment of coals by mild hydrogenation. During the course of this effort solvent preswelling of the coal was evaluated as a means of deeply impregnating catalysts into coal, active phases of catalysts under reaction conditions were studied and the impact of these techniques were evaluated during pretreatment and temperature-staged liquefaction. Two coals, a Texas subbituminous and a Utah high volatile A bituminous, were used to examine the effects of solvent swelling pretreatment and catalyst impregnation on conversion behavior at 275{degrees}C, representative of the first, low-temperature stage in a temperature-staged liquefaction reaction. Ferrous sulfate, iron pentacarbonyl, ammonium tetrathiomolybdate, and molybdenum hexacarbonyl were used as catalyst precursors. Without swelling pretreatment, impregnation of both coals increased conversion, mainly through increased yields of preasphaltenes.

  19. New technology concept for two-stage liquefaction of coal. Final summary report, 1 July 1983-30 September 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Comolli, A.G.; Duddy, J.E.; Koziel, M.L.; MacArthur, J.B.; McLean, J.B.; Smith, T.O.

    1986-02-01

    Hydrocarbon Research, Inc. (HRI) has completed a series of studies for the evaluation of a ''New Technology Concept for Two-Stage Liquefaction of Coal''. The time period of studies covered May 26, 1983 to November 25, 1985, a total of thirty months, with the major effort devoted to Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal and the balance devoted to Wyodak sub-bituminous coal. A two-stage coal liquefaction process, based on two close-coupled catalytic ebullated-bed reactors with the first stage operating at low temperature for maximum hydrogenation, has been developed and demonstrated on Illinois No. 6 and Wyodak coals. This final report presents an executive summary of the program and completes the reporting requirements of Contract No. DE-AC22-83PC60017. A summary of the studies and process demonstrations is presented along with references to the Topical Reports on Illinois No. 6 coal, Wyodak coal, Conceptual Commercial Plant Design and Economics and reports by DOE sponsored support contractors. Experimental details are contained in the referenced reports. The accomplishments of this program and recommendations for a follow-on program are presented. By application of this new hydrogenation concept in this study, distillate yields of greater than 65 W % of M.A.F. Coal or 4.2 barrels per ton of M.A.F. coal were demonstrated on both Illinois No. 6 and Wyodak coals. This was accompanied by a ten-fold reduction in bottoms viscosity and the production of low sulfur environmentally clean fuels. As reported by Conoco, Inc. and Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories, a higher level of hydrogenation is evident and the liquids produced are more petroleum-like than coal liquids derived from other liquefaction processes. Upgrading studies on the Wyodak products are being performed by Chevron. 7 figs., 14 tabs.

  20. Experimental study on NOx emission and unburnt carbon of a radial biased swirl burner for coal combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shan Xue; Shi'en Hui; Qulan Zhou; Tongmo Xu

    2009-07-15

    Pilot tests were carried out on a 1 MW thermal pulverized coal fired testing furnace. Symmetrical combustion was implemented by use of two whirl burners with dual air adjustment. The burnout air device was installed in various places at the top of the main burner, which consists of a primary air pipe with a varying cross-section and an impact ring. In the primary air pipe, the air pulverized coal (PC) stream was separated into a whirling stream that was thick inside and thin outside, thus realizing the thin-thick distribution at the burner nozzle in the radial direction. From the comparative combustion tests of three coals with relatively great characteristic differences, Shaanbei Shenhua high rank bituminous coal (SH coal), Shanxi Hejin low rank bituminous coal (HJ coal), and Shanxi Changzhi meager coal (CZ coal), were obtained such test results as the primary air ratio, inner secondary air ratio, outer secondary air ratio, impact of the change of outer secondary air, change of the relative position for the layout of burnout air, change of the swirling intensity of the primary air and secondary air, etc., on the NOx emission, and unburnt carbon content in fly ash (CFA). At the same time, the relationship between the NOx emission and burnout ratio and affecting factors of the corresponding test items on the combustion stability and economic results were also acquired. The results may provide a vital guiding significance to engineering designs and practical applications. According to the experimental results, the influence of each individual parameter on NOx formation and unburned carbon in fly ash agrees well with the existing literature. In this study, the influences of various combinations of these parameters are also examined, thus providing some reference for the design of the radial biased swirl burner, the configuration of the furnace, and the distribution of the air. 23 refs., 14 figs., 2 tabs.