Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Contributions to the muon's anomalous magnetic moment from a hidden sector  

SciTech Connect

Research Highlights: > Described scenario involving hidden and connector particles that couple to the standard model which could be relevant for dark matter. > Examined constraints on such particles in the case that the SM particle they couple to is the muon. > Found regions of couplings which could explain the discrepancy in the muon's anomalous magnetic moment which differ for different hidden and connector particles' spins. - Abstract: The measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon provides a stringent test of the standard model and of any physics that lies beyond it. There is currently a deviation of 3.1{sigma} between the standard model prediction for the muon's anomalous magnetic moment and its experimental value. We calculate the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment in theories where the muon couples to a particle in a hidden sector (that is, uncharged under the standard model) and a connector (which has nontrivial standard model gauge and hidden sector quantum numbers).

McKeen, David, E-mail: mckeen@uvic.ca [Enrico Fermi Institute and Department of Physics, University of Chicago, 5640 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Anomalous magnetic moment of an electron near a dispersive surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Changes in the magnetic moment of an electron near a dielectric or conducting surface due to boundary-dependent radiative corrections are investigated. The electromagnetic field is quantized by normal mode expansion for a non-dispersive dielectric and an undamped plasma, but the electron is described by the Dirac equation without matter-field quantization. Perturbation theory in the Dirac equation leads to a general formula for the magnetic moment shift in terms of integrals over products of electromagnetic mode functions. In each of the models investigated contour integration techniques over a complex wave vector can be used to derive a general formula featuring just integrals over transverse electric and transverse magnetic reflection coefficients of the surface. Analysis of the magnetic moment shift for several classes of materials yields markedly different results from the previously considered simplistic 'perfect reflector' model, due to the inclusion of physically important features of the electromagnetic response of the surface such as evanescent field modes and dispersion in the material. For a general dispersive dielectric surface, the magnetic moment shift of a nearby electron can exceed the previous prediction of the perfect-reflector model by several orders of magnitude.

Robert Bennett; Claudia Eberlein

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

3

Hadronic Light-by-Light Scattering Contribution to the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the current status of theoretical calculations of the hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment. Different approaches and related issues such as OPE constraints and large breaking of chiral symmetry are discussed. Combining results of different models with educated guesses on the errors we come to the estimate $$a^{\\rm HLbL}=(10.5\\pm 2.6)\\times 10^{-10}.$$ The text is prepared as a contribution to the {\\it Glasgow White Paper on the present status of the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment}.

Joaquim Prades; Eduardo de Rafael; Arkady Vainshtein

2009-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

4

The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon and Higgs-Mediated Flavor Changing Neutral Currents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the two-Higgs doublet extension of the standard model, flavor-changing neutral couplings arise naturally. In the lepton sector, the largest such coupling is expected to be $\\mu-\\tau-\\phi#. We consider the effects of this coupling on the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. The resulting bound on the coupling, unlike previous bounds, is independent of the value of other unknown couplings. It will be significantly improved by the upcoming E821 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab.

Shuquan Nie; Marc Sher

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

5

Muon anomalous magnetic moment constraints on supersymmetric U(1){sup '} models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon in supersymmetric E{sub 6} models and generic U(1){sup '} models to probe the model reactions and to find constraints on the large parameter space of these models. For future searches, by imposing the existing bounds coming from collider searches and theoretical considerations upon the U(1){sup '} model parameters, we examine the lightest Higgs boson mass m{sub h} and the mass of the additional Z boson m{sub Z{sub 2}} in such singlet extensions of the MSSM. We observed that not only supersymmetric E{sub 6} models but also generic U(1){sup '} models are sensitive to the imposition of the considered bounds. Indeed, without the muon anomaly constraints E{sub 6} models and generic U(1){sup '} models can predict m{sub h} as large as {approx}150 GeV and {approx}180 GeV, respectively. However, in addition to the mentioned constraints when a 1{sigma} range for the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon is considered, we observe that generic U(1){sup '} models do not favor the mass of the lightest Higgs boson to be larger than 140 GeV; it should be smaller than 135 GeV in E{sub 6} models.

Cincioglu, Elif; Solmaz, Saime; Solmaz, Levent; Hicyilmaz, Yasar [Department of Physics, Balikesir University, TR10145, Balikesir (Turkey); Kirca, Zerrin [Department of Physics, Balikesir University, TR10145, Balikesir (Turkey); Department of Physics, Uludag University, TR16000, Bursa (Turkey); Sert, Hale [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, TR35430, Izmir (Turkey)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment a_\\mu^{\\rm lbl}, paying particular attention to the consistent matching between the short- and the long-distance behavior of the light-by-light scattering amplitude. We argue that the short-distance QCD imposes strong constraints on this amplitude overlooked in previous analyses. We find that accounting for these constraints leads to approximately 50 per cent increase in the central value of a_\\mu^{\\rm lbl}, compared to existing estimates. The hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution becomes a_\\mu^{\\rm lbl}=136(25) \\times 10^{-11}, thereby shifting the Standard Model prediction closer to the experimental value.

Kirill Melnikov; Arkady Vainshtein

2003-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

7

Higgs mass and muon anomalous magnetic moment in supersymmetric models with vectorlike matters  

SciTech Connect

We study the muon anomalous magnetic moment (muon g-2) and the Higgs boson mass in a simple extension of the minimal supersymmetric (SUSY) standard model with extra vectorlike matters, in the frameworks of gauge-mediated SUSY breaking (GMSB) models and gravity mediation (mSUGRA) models. It is shown that the deviation of the muon g-2 and a relatively heavy Higgs boson can be simultaneously explained in large tan{beta} region. (i) In GMSB models, the Higgs mass can be more than 135 GeV (130 GeV) in the region where the muon g-2 is consistent with the experimental value at the 2{sigma} (1{sigma}) level, while maintaining the perturbative coupling unification. (ii) In the case of mSUGRA models with universal soft masses, the Higgs mass can be as large as about 130 GeV when the muon g-2 is consistent with the experimental value at the 2{sigma} level. In both cases, the Higgs mass can be above 140 GeV if the g-2 constraint is not imposed.

Endo, Motoi; Hamaguchi, Koichi [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), University of Tokyo, Chiba, 277-8583 (Japan); Iwamoto, Sho; Yokozaki, Norimi [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Tests of hadronic vacuum polarization fits for the muon anomalous magnetic moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a physically motivated model for the isospin-one non-strange vacuum polarization function Pi(Q^2) based on a spectral function given by vector-channel OPAL data from hadronic tau decays for energies below the tau mass and a successful parametrization, employing perturbation theory and a model for quark-hadron duality violations, for higher energies. Using a covariance matrix and Q^2 values from a recent lattice simulation, we then generate fake data for Pi(Q^2) and use it to test fitting methods currently employed on the lattice for extracting the hadronic vacuum polarization contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment. This comparison reveals a systematic error much larger than the few-percent total error sometimes claimed for such extractions in the literature. In particular, we find that errors deduced from fits using a Vector Meson Dominance ansatz are misleading, typically turning out to be much smaller than the actual discrepancy between the fit and exact model results. The use of a ...

Golterman, Maarten; Peris, Santiago

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

10

Moment free toroidal magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A toroidal magnet for confining a high magnetic field for use in fusion reactor research and nuclear particle detection. The magnet includes a series of conductor elements arranged about and fixed at its small major radius portion to the outer surface of a central cylindrical support each conductor element having a geometry such as to maintain the conductor elements in pure tension when a high current flows therein, and a support assembly which redistributes all or part of the tension which would otherwise arise in the small major radius portion of each coil element to the large major radius portion thereof.

Bonanos, Peter (East Brunswick, NJ)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Three loop MSbar transversity operator anomalous dimensions for fixed moment n <= 8  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the anomalous dimensions of the transversity operator at three loops in the MSbar scheme for fixed moment n where n n <= 7.

J. A. Gracey

2006-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

12

Electric Dipole Moment of Magnetic Monopole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric dipole moment of magnetic monopoles with spin is studied in the N=2 supersymmetric gauge theory. The dipole moments of the electric charge distributions, as well as the dipole moments due to the magnetic currents, are calculated. The contribution of charge distribution of the fermion to the gyroelectric ratio is expressed by using zeta(3).

Makoto Kobayashi

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

13

The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: The investigation of anomalous...

14

The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Cassia County Idaho; clastic sediments; economic geology; exploration; geophysical methods; geophysical surveys; geothermal energy; gravel; ground methods; Idaho; isothermal remanent magnetization; magnetic anomalies; magnetic methods; magnetic properties; magnetic susceptibility; magnetization; paleomagnetism; Raft River basin; remanent magnetization; sediments; surveys; United States Author(s): Anderson, L.A.; Mabey, D.R. Published: Abstracts - Society of Exploration Geophysicists International

15

Nucleon Magnetic Moments and Electric Polarizabilities  

SciTech Connect

Electromagnetic properties of the nucleon are explored with lattice QCD using a novel technique. Focusing on background electric fields, we show how the electric polarizability can be extracted from nucleon correlation functions. A crucial step concerns addressing contributions from the magnetic moment, which affects the relativistic propagation of nucleons in electric fields. By properly handing these contributions, we can determine both magnetic moments and electric po larizabilities. Lattice results from anisotropic clover lattices are presented. Our method is not limited to the neutron; we show results for the proton as well.

W Detmold, B C Tiburzi, A Walker-Loud

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Nuclear magnetic moments and related sum rules  

SciTech Connect

We first review the history and our present understanding of nuclear magnetic moments and Gamow-Teller transitions, with emphasis on the roles of configuration mixing and meson exchange currents. Then we discuss the renormalization of the orbital g-factor in nuclei, and its relation to the E1 sum rule for photoabsorption and the M1 sum rule for the scissors mode of deformed nuclei.

Bentz, Wolfgang [Department of Physics, School of Science, Tokai University, Hiratsuka-shi, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Arima, Akito [Musashi University, 1-26-1 Toyotama-kami, Nerima-ku, Tokyo 176-8534 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

17

Determination of the Delta++ magnetic dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the elastic and radiative pi+ p scattering within a full dynamical model which incorporates the finite width effects of the Delta++. The scattering amplitudes are invariant under contact transformations of the spin 3/2 field and gauge-invariance is fulfilled for the radiative case. The pole parameters of the Delta++ obtained from the elastic cross section are m_Delta = 1211.2 \\pm 0.4 MeV and Gamma_Delta = 88.2 \\pm 0.4 MeV. From a fit to the most sensitive observables in radiative pi+ p scattering, we obtain mu_Delta = 6.14 \\pm 0.51 e/2m_p for the magnetic dipole moment of the Delta++.

G. Lopez Castro; A. Mariano

2000-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

18

Ground State Magnetic Moments of Mirror Nuclei Studied at NSCL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Progress in the measurement of the ground state magnetic moments of mirror nuclei at NSCL is presented. The systematic trend of the spin expectation value $$ and the linear behavior of $\\gamma_p$ versus $\\gamma_n$, both extracted from the magnetic moments of mirror partners, are updated to include all available data.

P. F. Mantica; K. Minamisono

2009-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

19

Magnetic moments of T=3/2 mirror pairs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We predict values of the magnetic moments of T=3/2 proton-rich fp-shell nuclei in the mass range A=43-53, by using known values for their neutron-rich mirrors together with shell-model estimates for small quantities. We extend the analysis to those T=3/2 sd-shell mirror pairs for which both the T{sub z}=-3/2 and T{sub z}=+3/2 magnetic moments have been measured. We find that these obey the same linear relation as previously deduced for T=1/2 mirror pairs.

Perez, S. M. [Department of Physics, University of Cape Town, Private Bag, Rondebosch 7700 (South Africa); iThemba LABS, P. O. Box 722, Somerset West 7129 (South Africa); Richter, W. A. [Department of Physics, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535 (South Africa); Brown, B. A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824-1321 (United States); Horoi, M. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

20

Atomic ionization of germanium due to neutrino magnetic moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An ab initio calculation of atomic ionization of germanium (Ge) by neutrinos was carried out in the framework of multiconfiguration relativistic random phase approximation. The main goal is to provide a more accurate cross section formula than the conventional one, which is based on the free electron approximation, for searches of neutrino magnetic moments with Ge detectors whose threshold is reaching down to the sub-keV regime. Limits derived with both methods are compared, using reactor neutrino data taken with low threshold germanium detectors.

Jiunn-Wei Chen; Hsin-Chang Chi; Keh-Ning Huang; C. -P. Liu; Hao-Tse Shiao; Lakhwinder Singh; Henry T. Wong; Chih-Liang Wu; Chih-Pan Wu

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Neutrino magnetic moments, flavor mixing, and the SuperKamiokande solar data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find that magnetic neutrino-electron scattering is unaffected by oscillations for vacuum mixing of Dirac neutrinos with only diagonal moments and for Majorana neutrinos with two flavors. For MSW mixing, these cases again obtain, though the effective moments can depend on the neutrino energy. Thus, e.g., the magnetic moments measured with $\\bar{\

J. F. Beacom; P. Vogel

1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

22

Waves of magnetic moment and generation of waves by neutron beam in quantum magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to studying of dispersion of waves in the magnetized plasma with the spin and exploring of new methods of the generation wave in the plasma. We consider the dispersion of waves, existed in the plasma in consequence of dynamic of the magnetic moments. It is shown there are nine new waves in the magnetized plasma because of the magnetic moments dynamic. We show there are instabilities at propagation of the neutron beam through the plasma. Increments of instabilities caused by neutron beam are calculated. For studying of this effects we generalize and use the method of the many-particle quantum hydrodynamics. Described processes can play important role at calculation of the stability and the safeness of the nuclear reactors and the studying of the processes in the atmosphere of the neutron stars.

P. A. Andreev; L. S. Kuz'menkov

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

-Interface effects on the magnetic moment of Co and Cu in CoCu granular alloys  

SciTech Connect

We report on x-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments performed on Co{sub 5}Cu{sub 95} annealed granular alloys with giant magnetoresistance. Results on the Co-L{sub 2,3} edge evidence a direct correlation between the Co orbital and spin magnetic moment and the Co clusters interfacial roughness. On the other hand, we have found dichroism on the Cu-L{sub 2,3} edge, revealing an induced magnetic polarization of the Cu interfacial atoms. The magnetic moment of the Cu atoms is mainly of spin character and is ferromagnetically coupled with the Co magnetic moment.

Garcia Prieto, A.; Fdez-Gubieda, M.L.; Chaboy, J.; Laguna-Marco, M.A.; Muro, T.; Nakamura, T. [Departamento de Electricidad y Electronica, Universidad del Pais Vasco (UPV/EHU), Apartado 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Aragon, CSIC-Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); CITIMAC, Universidad de Cantabria, Avenida de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander (Spain); Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, 1-1-1 Kouto, Mikazuki, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Top quark spin correlations and polarization at the LHC: standard model predictions and effects of anomalous top chromo moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of top-spin observables are computed within the Standard Model (SM), at next-to-leading order in the strong and weak gauge couplings for hadronic top-quark anti-quark (ttbar) production and decay at the LHC for center-of-mass energies 7 and 8 TeV. For dileptonic final states we consider the azimuthal angle correlation, the helicity correlation, and the opening angle distribution; for lepton plus jets final states we determine distributions and asymmetries that trace a longitudinal and transverse polarization, respectively, of the t and t-bar samples. The QCD-induced transverse polarization of the top quarks leads to an asymmetry of about 8 percent that should be detectable with existing data. In addition, we investigate the effects of a non-zero chromo-magnetic and chromo-electric dipole moment of the top quark on these and other top-spin observables and associated asymmetries. These observables allow to disentangle the contributions from the real and imaginary parts of these moments.

Werner Bernreuther; Zong-Guo Si

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

25

Anomalous electron trapping by magnetic flux tubes and electric current vortices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalous electron trapping by magnetic flux tubes and electric current vortices F. Bentosela, a current vortex in the plane. In this case the flux is zero; there is a pair of bound states for a weak with a nonhomogeneous magnetic field B , and investigate the corresponding Pauli Hamiltonian. We prove a lower bound

26

Measurement of the Neutron Magnetic Dipole Moment Using ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... dipole moment (EDM) using a similar technique. This technique is completely different from standard neutron EDM experiments which use UCN in ...

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

27

Extracting Nucleon Magnetic Moments and Electric Polarizabilities from Lattice QCD in Background Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nucleon properties are investigated in background electric fields. As the magnetic moments of baryons affect their relativistic propagation in constant electric fields, electric polarizabilities cannot be determined without knowledge of magnetic moments. We devise combinations of nucleon correlation functions in external electric fields to isolate both observables. Using an ensemble of anisotropic gauge configurations with dynamical clover fermions, we demonstrate how magnetic moments and electric polarizabilities can be determined from lattice QCD simulations in background electric fields. We obtain results for both the neutron and proton, however, our study is currently limited to electrically neutral sea quarks. The value we extract for the nucleon isovector magnetic moment is comparable to that obtained from measuring lattice three-point functions at similar pion masses.

Detmold, William; Walker-Loud, Andre

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Neutrino chirality flip in a supernova and the bound on the neutrino magnetic moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutrino chirality-flip process under the conditions of the supernova core is investigated in detail with the plasma polarization effects in the photon propagator taken into account. It is shown that the contribution of the proton fraction of plasma is essential. New upper bounds on the neutrino magnetic moment are obtained: mu_nu flip. The best astrophysical upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment is improved by the factor of 3 to 7.

A. V. Kuznetsov; N. V. Mikheev

2006-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

Constraining neutrino magnetic moment with solar and reactor neutrino data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use solar neutrino data to derive stringent bounds on Majorana neutrino transition moments (TMs). Such moments, if present, would contribute to the neutrino-electron scattering cross section and hence alter the signal observed in Super-Kamiokande. Using the latest solar neutrino data, combined with the results of the reactor experiment KamLAND, we perform a simultaneous fit of the oscillation parameters and TMs. Furthermore, we include data from the reactor experiments Rovno, TEXONO and MUNU in our analysis, improving significantly the current constraints on TMs. A comparison with previous works shows that our bounds are the strongest and most general results presented up to now. Finally, we perform a simulation of the future Borexino experiment and show that it will improve the bounds from today's data by order of magnitude.

M. A. Tortola

2004-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

30

Moment-free toroidal magnet background of the invention  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A toroidal magnet is described for confining a high magnetic field for use in fusion reactor research and nuclear particle detection. The magnet includes a series of conductor elements arranged about and fixed at its small major radius portion to the outer surface of a central cylindrical support each conductor element having a geometry such as to maintain the conductor elements in pure tension when a high current flows therein, and a support assembly which redistributes all or part of the tension which would otherwise arise in the small major radius portion of each coil element to the large major radius portion thereof.

Not Available

1981-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ionization of hydrogen by neutrino magnetic moment, relativistic muon, and WIMP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the ionization of hydrogen by scattering of neutrino magnetic moment, relativistic muon, and weakly-interacting massive particle with a QED-like interaction. Analytic results were obtained and compared with several approximation schemes often used in atomic physics. As current searches for neutrino magnetic moment and dark matter have lowered the detector threshold down to the sub-keV regime, we tried to deduce from this simple case study the influence of atomic structure on the the cross sections and the applicabilities of various approximations. The general features being found will be useful for cases where practical detector atoms are considered.

Jiunn-Wei Chen; C. -P. Liu; Chien-Fu Liu; Chih-Liang Wu

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

32

Anomalous skin effects in relativistic parallel propagating weakly magnetized electron plasma waves  

SciTech Connect

Fully relativistic analysis of anomalous skin effects for parallel propagating waves in a weakly magnetized electron plasma is presented and general expressions for longitudinal and transverse permittivites are derived. It is found that the penetration depth for R- and L-waves increases as we move from non-relativistic to highly relativistic regime. The ambient magnetic field reduces/enhances the skin effects for R-wave/L-wave as the strength of the field is increased. In general, the weak magnetic field effects are pronounced for the weakly relativistic regime as compared with other relativistic cases. The results are also graphically illustrated. On switching off the magnetic field, previous results for field free case are retrieved [A. F. Alexandrov, A. S. Bogdankevich, and A. A. Rukhadze, Priniples of Plasma Electrodynamics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1984), Vol. 9, p. 106].

Abbas, Gohar; Bashir, M. F. [Salam Chair in Physics, G. C. University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, G. C. University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Murtaza, G. [Salam Chair in Physics, G. C. University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

33

Neutrino Magnetic Moments, Flavor Mixing, and the Super-Kamiokande Solar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We find that magnetic neutrino-electron scattering is unaffected by oscillations for vacuum mixing of Dirac neutrinos with only diagonal moments and for Majorana neutrinos with two flavors. For Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein mixing, these cases are again obtained, though the effective moments can depend on the neutrino energy. Thus, e.g., the magnetic moments measured with {nu}(bar sign){sub e} from a reactor and {nu}{sub e} from the Sun could be different. With minimal assumptions, we find a new limit on {mu}{sub {nu}} using the 825-d Super-Kamiokande solar neutrino data: |{mu}{sub {nu}}|{<=}1.5x10{sup -} {sup 10}{mu}{sub B} at 90% CL, comparable to the existing reactor limit. (c) 1999 The American Physical Society.

Beacom, J. F.; Vogel, P.

1999-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

34

High-precision evaluation of the magnetic moment of the helion  

SciTech Connect

NMR spectra of samples containing a mixture of hydrogen deuteride HD with pressure of about 80 atm and helium-3 with partial pressure of about 1 atm are analyzed. The ratio of the resonance frequencies of the nuclei, F({sup 3}He)/F(H{sub 2}), is determined to be 0.761786594(2), which is equal to the magnetic moment of the helion (bound in a helium atom) in the units of the magnetic moment of a proton (bound in molecular hydrogen). The uncertainty of two digits in the last place corresponds to a relative error of {delta}[F({sup 3}He)/F(H{sub 2})] = 2.6 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9}. The use of the known calculated data on the shielding of nuclei in the helium-3 atom ({sigma}({sup 3}He) = 59924(2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9}) and on the shielding of protons in hydrogen ({sigma}(H{sub 2}) = 26288(2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -9}) yields a value of {mu}({sup 3}He)/{mu}{sub p} = -0.761812217(3) for the free magnetic moment of the helion in the units of the proton magnetic moment.

Neronov, Yu. I., E-mail: yineronov@mail.ru; Seregin, N. N. [Mendeleev All-Russia Research Institute of Metrology (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

The strongest cosmic magnets: Soft Gamma-ray Repeaters and Anomalous X-ray Pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two classes of X-ray pulsars, the Anomalous X-ray Pulsars and the Soft Gamma-ray Repeaters, have been recognized in the last decade as the most promising candidates for being magnetars: isolated neutron stars powered by magnetic energy. I review the observational properties of these objects, focussing on the most recent results, and their interpretation in the magnetar model. Alternative explanations, in particular those based on accretion from residual disks, are also considered. The possible relations between these sources and other classes of neutron stars and astrophysical objects are also discussed.

Mereghetti, Sandro

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The strongest cosmic magnets: Soft Gamma-ray Repeaters and Anomalous X-ray Pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two classes of X-ray pulsars, the Anomalous X-ray Pulsars and the Soft Gamma-ray Repeaters, have been recognized in the last decade as the most promising candidates for being magnetars: isolated neutron stars powered by magnetic energy. I review the observational properties of these objects, focussing on the most recent results, and their interpretation in the magnetar model. Alternative explanations, in particular those based on accretion from residual disks, are also considered. The possible relations between these sources and other classes of neutron stars and astrophysical objects are also discussed.

Sandro Mereghetti

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Anomalous Magnetohydrodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalous symmetries induce currents which can be parallel rather than orthogonal to the hypermagnetic field. Building on the analogy with charged liquids at high magnetic Reynolds numbers, the persistence of anomalous currents is scrutinized for parametrically large conductivities when the plasma approximation is accurate. Different examples in globally neutral systems suggest that the magnetic configurations minimizing the energy density with the constraint that the helicity be conserved coincide, in the perfectly conducting limit, with the ones obtainable in ideal magnetohydrodynamics where the anomalous currents are neglected. It is argued that this is the rationale for the ability of extending to anomalous magnetohydrodynamics the hydromagnetic solutions characterized by finite gyrotropy. The generally covariant aspects of the problem are addressed with particular attention to conformally flat geometries which are potentially relevant for the description of the electroweak plasma prior to the phase transition.

Massimo Giovannini

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

38

Reactor Searches for Neutrino Magnetic Moment as a Probe of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present calculations of the magnetic moment contribution to neutrino electron scattering in large extra dimension brane-bulk models (LED) with three bulk neutrinos. We discuss the cases with two and three large extra dimensions of sizes $R$. The calculations are done using reactor flux from Uranium, $^{235}U$ as the neutrino source. We find that if the electron neutrino mass is chosen to be in the range of one eV, the differential cross section for $\\bar{\

Mohapatra, Rabindra N; Yu, Haibo; Ng, Siew-Phang; Yu, Haibo

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Reactor Searches for Neutrino Magnetic Moment as a Probe of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present calculations of the magnetic moment contribution to neutrino electron scattering in large extra dimension brane-bulk models (LED) with three bulk neutrinos. We discuss the cases with two and three large extra dimensions of sizes $R$. The calculations are done using reactor flux from Uranium, $^{235}U$ as the neutrino source. We find that if the electron neutrino mass is chosen to be in the range of one eV, the differential cross section for $\\bar{\

R. N. Mohapatra; Siew-Phang Ng; Haibo Yu

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

40

Spin flip of neutrinos with magnetic moment in core-collapse supernova  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrinos with magnetic moment experience chirality flips while scattering off charged particles. It is known that if neutrino is a Dirac fermion, then such chirality flips lead to the production of sterile right-handed neutrinos inside the core of a star during the stellar collapse, which may facilitate the supernova explosion and modify the supernova neutrino signal. In the present paper we reexamine the production of right-handed neutrinos during the collapse using a dynamical model of the collapse. We refine the estimates of the values of the Dirac magnetic moment which are necessary to substantially alter the supernova dynamics and neutrno signal. It is argued in particular that Super-Kamiokande will be sensitive at least to {mu}{sub {nu}Dirac} = 10{sup -13{mu}}{sub B} in case of a galactic supernova explosion. Also we briefly discuss the case of Majorana neutrino magnetic moment. It is pointed out that in the inner supernova core spin flips may quickly equilibrate electron neutrinos with nonelectron antineutrinos if {mu}{sub {nu}Majorana} {>=} 10{sup -12{mu}}{sub B}. This may lead to various consequences for supernova physics.

Lychkovskiy, O. V., E-mail: lychkovskiy@itep.ru; Blinnikov, S. I. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Electrical tuning of valley magnetic moment through symmetry control in bilayer MoS2  

SciTech Connect

Crystal symmetry governs the nature of electronic Bloch states. For example, in the presence of time-reversal symmetry, the orbital magnetic moment and Berry curvature of the Bloch states must vanish unless inversion symmetry is broken1. In certain two-dimensional electron systems such as bilayer graphene, the intrinsic inversion symmetry can be broken simply by applying a perpendicular electric field2,3. In principle, this offers the possibility of switching on/off and continuously tuning the magnetic moment and Berry curvature near the Dirac valleys by reversible electrical control4,5. Here we investigate this possibility using polarization-resolved photoluminescence of bilayer MoS2, which has the same symmetry as bilayer graphene but has a bandgap in the visible spectrum6,7 allowing direct optical probing5,8 12. We find that in bilayer MoS2 the circularly polarized photoluminescence can be continuously tuned from 15% to 15% as a function of gate voltage, whereas in structurally non-centrosymmetric monolayer MoS2 the photoluminescence polarization is gate independent. The observations are well explained as resulting from the continuous variation of orbital magnetic moments between positive and negative values through symmetry control.

Wu, Sanfeng [University of Washington, Seattle; Ross, Jason [University of Washington, Seattle; Liu, G. B. [University of Hong Kong, The; Aivazian, Grant [University of Washington, Seattle; Jones, Aaron [University of Washington, Seattle; Fei, Zaiyao [University of Washington, Dept Phys, Seattle, WA; Zhu, Wenguang [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Xiao, Di [ORNL; Yao, Wang [University of Hong Kong, The; Cobden, David [University of Washington, Dept Phys, Seattle, WA; Xu, Xiaodong [University of Washington

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Magnetic moment type of lifting from particle dynamics to Vlasov-Maxwell dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques for coordinate changes that depend on both dependent and independent variables are developed and applied to the Maxwell-Vlasov Hamiltonian theory. Particle coordinate changes with a new velocity variable dependent on the magnetic field, with spatial coordinates unchanged, are lifted to transform the noncanonical Poisson bracket and, thus, the field Hamiltonian structure of the Vlasov-Maxwell equation. Several examples are given including magnetic coordinates, where the velocity is decomposed into components parallel and perpendicular to the local magnetic field, and the case of spherical velocity coordinates. An example of the lifting procedure is performed to obtain a simplified version of gyrokinetics, where the magnetic moment is used as a coordinate and the dynamics is reduced by elimination of the electric field energy in the Hamiltonian.

P. J. Morrison; M. Vittot; Loic de Guillebon

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

43

Effect of Electric and Magnetic Fields on Spin Dynamics in the Resonant Electric Dipole Moment Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A buildup of the vertical polarization in the resonant electric dipole moment (EDM) experiment [Y. F. Orlov, W. M. Morse, and Y. K. Semertzidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 214802 (2006)] is affected by a horizontal electric field in the particle rest frame oscillating at a resonant frequency. This field is defined by the Lorentz transformation of an oscillating longitudinal electric field and a uniform vertical magnetic one. The effect of a longitudinal electric field is significant, while the contribution from a magnetic field caused by forced coherent longitudinal oscillations of particles is dominant. The effect of electric field on the spin dynamics was not taken into account in previous calculations. This effect is considerable and leads to decreasing the EDM effect for the deuteron and increasing it for the proton. The formula for resonance strengths in the EDM experiment has been derived. The spin dynamics has been calculated.

Alexander J. Silenko

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

44

Magnetic moment of Ag-104(m) and the hyperfine magnetic field of Ag in Fe using nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR/ON) measurements with beta- and gamma-ray detection have been performed on oriented Ag-104(g,m) nuclei with the NICOLE He-3-He-4 dilution refrigerator setup at ISOLDE/CERN. For Ag-104(g) (I-pi = 5(+)) the gamma-NMR/ON resonance signal was found at nu = 266.70(5) MHz. Combining this result with the known magnetic moment for this isotope, the magnetic hyperfine field of Ag impurities in an Fe host at low temperature (< 1 K) is found to be vertical bar B-hf(AgFe)vertical bar = 44.709(35) T. A detailed analysis of other relevant data available in the literature yields three more values for this hyperfine field. Averaging all four values yields a new and precise value for the hyperfine field of Ag in Fe; that is, vertical bar B-hf(AgFe)vertical bar = 44.692(30) T. For Ag-104(m) (I-pi = 2(+)), the anisotropy of the beta particles provided the NMR/ON resonance signal at nu = 627.7(4) MHz. Using the new value for the hyperfine field of Ag in Fe, this frequency corresponds to the magnetic moment mu(Ag-104m) = +3.691(3) mu(N), which is significantly more precise than previous results. The magnetic moments of the even-A Ag102 -110 isotopes are discussed in view of the competition between the (pi g(9/2))(7/2+)(-3)(nu d(5/2)nu g(7/2))(5/2+) and the (pi g(9/2))(9/2+)(-3)(nu d(5/2)nu g(7/2))(5/2+) configurations. The magnetic moments of the ground and isomeric states of Ag-104 can be explained by an almost complete mixing of these two configurations.

V. V. Golovko; I. S. Kraev; T. Phalet; B. Delaure; M. Beck; V. Yu. Kozlov; S. Coeck; F. Wauters; P. Herzog; Ch. Tramm; D. Zakoucky; D. Venos; D. Srnka; M. Honusek; U. Koester; N. Severijns

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

45

Making a Magnetic Moment in a Split Picosecond | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unpeeling Atoms and Molecules from the Inside Out Unpeeling Atoms and Molecules from the Inside Out Butterfly Wing Yields Clues to Light-Altering Structures Squeezing Information from Materials under Extreme Pressure Quick-Change Molecules Caught in the Act The Molecular Mechanics of Hearing and Deafness Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Making a Magnetic Moment in a Split Picosecond JULY 1, 2010 Bookmark and Share Michel van Veenendaal (left) and Jun Chang in van Veenendaal's office at the APS, discussing figure 3 from their Physical Review Letters article, "Model of Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in Photoexcited Transition-Metal Organic Compounds." A wide range of phenomena in nature and technology depend on changes that

46

Spin-polarized relativistic linear-muffin-tin-orbital method: Volume-dependent electronic structure and magnetic moment of plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The linear-muffin-tin-orbital method is generalized to the case of relativistic and spin-polarized self-consistent band calculations. Our formalism is analogous to the standard orthogonal--linear-muffin-tin-orbital formalism, except that the potential functions and the potential parameters are now matrices. The method is used to perform density-functional calculations for fcc plutonium with different atomic volumes. The formation of spin and orbital magnetic moments, as well as the changes in the energy bands for volume changes corresponding to the {alpha}-{delta} transition, are investigated. The calculated magnetic moments agree quite well with the experimental ones.

Solovyev, I.V. (Institute of Chemistry, Ural Branch of U.S.S.R. Academy of Science, Sverdlovsk GSP-145, U.S.S.R. (SU)); Liechtenstein, A.I. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-7000 Stuttgart 80, Federal Republic of Germany (DE)); Gubanov, V.A. (Institute of Chemistry, Ural Branch of U.S.S.R. Academy of Science, Sverdlovsk GSP-145, U.S.S.R. (SU)); Antropov, V.P. (Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch of U.S.S.R. Academy of Science, Sverdlosk GSP-145, U.S.S.R. (SU)); Andersen, O.K. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-7000 Stuttgart 80, Federal Republic of Germany (DE))

1991-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Europhysics Letters PREPRINT Coulomb-U and magnetic moment collapse in ?-Pu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PACS. 71.20.Gj – Electronic structure of other crystalline metals and alloys. PACS. 71.27.+a – Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions. PACS. 79.60.-i – Photoemission and photoelectron spectra. Abstract. – The around-the-mean-field version of the LDA+U method is applied to investigate electron correlation effects in ?-Pu. It yields a non-magnetic ground state of ??Pu, and provides a good agreement with experimental equilibrium volume, bulk modulus and explains important features of the photoelectron spectra. Plutonium is probably the most intricate element from the point of view of condensed matter physics. It exhibits six allotropic modifications at ambient pressure, some of them of very low symmetry (monoclinic), and there is little doubt that the anomalous behaviour is related to the 5f electronic states, being at the borderline between the localized, nonbonding, behaviour and the bonding situation of electronic bands. One can preconceive that at the cross-over regime, several states with very different degree of 5f delocalization can be nearly degenerated in energy. The most thoroughly studied phases are ??Pu (monoclinic) and ??Pu (fcc). The latter

A. B. Shick; V. Drchal; L. Havela

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Evidence for the microscopic formation of mixed-symmetry states from magnetic moment measurements  

SciTech Connect

Using the transient field technique, the magnetic moments of the second excited 2{sup +} states in {sup 92,94}Zr have been measured for the first time. The large positive g factors, g(2{sub 2}{sup +};{sup 92}Zr)=+0.76(50) and g(2{sub 2}{sup +};{sup 94}Zr)=+0.88(27), which are in contrast to the known negative g factors of the 2{sub 1}{sup +} states, are found to be a consequence of weak proton-neutron coupling combined with the Z=40 subshell closure. From their large M1 transition strengths to the 2{sub 1}{sup +} states, in earlier works an assignment to the 2{sub 2}{sup +} states as proton-neutron symmetric and mixed-symmetry states has been made, which are now found to be polarized in their proton-neutron content. This fact allows to identify the underlying microscopic main configurations in the wave functions, which form the building blocks of symmetric and mixed-symmetry states in this region as valence nucleons are added and shell structure changes.

Werner, V.; Ai, H.; Casperson, R. J.; Casten, R. F.; Eckel, S.; Heinz, A.; Lambie-Hanson, C.; McCutchan, E. A.; Meyer, D. A.; Qian, J.; Schmidt, A.; Williams, E.; Winkler, R. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8124 (United States); Benczer-Koller, N.; Kumbartzki, G.; Boutachkov, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 (United States); Holt, J. D. [TRIUMF, Vancouver (Canada); Stefanova, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 (United States); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, BAS, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Perry, M. [Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8124 (United States); Department of Physics, Florida State University, Florida (United States); Pietralla, N. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, TU Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] (and others)

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

49

Plasma-induced neutrino helicity flip in a supernova core and a constraint on the Dirac neutrino magnetic moment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigate the neutrino helicity flip under supernova core conditions, where the left-handed neutrinos being produced can be converted into right-handed neutrinos sterile with respect to weak interactions owing to the interaction of the magnetic moments with plasma electrons and protons. In calculating the probability for the conversion neutrino scattering by plasma components, we take into account the polarization effects attributable to both electrons and protons in the photon propagator. Based on realistic models with radial distributions and time evolution of physical parameters in a supernova core, we have obtained upper limits on the Dirac neutrino magnetic moment averaged over flavors and time from the condition that the influence of the right-handed neutrino emission on the total cooling time scale should be limited.

Kuznetsov, A. V.; Mikheev, N. V.; Okrugin, A. A., E-mail: okrugin@uniyar.ac.r [Yaroslavl State University (Russian Federation)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

50

On the order of magnitude of 8th order corrections to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that the 8th order contribution to the muon anomaly can be as large as 100-200*( alpha / pi )/sup 4/. (10 refs).

Lautrup, B

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H. Alloul,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Na NMR Evidence for Charge Order and Anomalous Magnetism in NaxCoO2 I. R. Mukhamedshin,1,* H are studied by 23Na NMR and SQUID magnetometry. In nominal 0:50 x 0:70 solid state reacted samples,6] with the magnetic prop- erties. In a pioneering work, two 59Co NMR signals attributed to nonmagnetic Co3 sites were

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

52

Quantum-mechanical description of spin-1 particles with electric dipole moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Proca-Corben-Schwinger equations for a spin-1 particle with an anomalous magnetic moment are added by a term describing an electric dipole moment, then they are reduced to a Hamiltonian form, and finally they are brought to the Foldy-Wouthuysen representation. Relativistic equations of motion are derived. The needed agreement between quantum-mechanical and classical relativistic equations of motion is proved. The scalar and tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities of pointlike spin-1 particles (W bosons) are calculated for the first time.

Alexander J. Silenko

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

53

UMD-PP-04-041 Reactor Searches for Neutrino Magnetic Moment as a Probe of Extra Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present calculations of the magnetic moment contribution to neutrino electron scattering in large extra dimension brane-bulk models (LED) with three bulk neutrinos. We discuss the cases with two and three large extra dimensions of sizes R. The calculations are done using reactor flux from Uranium, 235 U as the neutrino source. We find that if the electron neutrino mass is chosen to be in the range of one eV, the differential cross section for ¯? ? e scattering for low electron recoil energy can be of the same order as the presently explored values in reactor experiments. Furthermore the spectral shape for the LED models is different from the four dimensional case. Future higher precision reactor experiments can therefore be used to provide new constraints on a class of large extra dimension theories. 1 I.

R. N. Mohapatra; Siew-phang Ng; Haibo Yu

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Magnetic moment effects from time-space non-commutativity in the Dirac equation for Hydrogen atom  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work we study the effect of time-space non-commutativity on the hydrogen atom. Our goal is to solve the Dirac equation for the coulomb potential in a non-commutative time-space up to first order in the non-commutativity parameter using the Seiberg-Witten maps and the Moyal product. We thus find the non-commutative modification of the energy levels of hydrogen atom and show that the non-commutativity is the source of magnetic moment. Comparing the results with experimental values from spectroscopy, we get the bound on non-commutativity parameter at the level of (0.1 TeV)$^{-2}$.

Slimane Zaim

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

55

Search for the Neutrino Magnetic Moment in the Non-Equilibrium Reactor Antineutrino Energy Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the time evolution of the typical nuclear reactor antineutrino energy spectrum during reactor ON period and the decay of the residual antineutrino spectrum after reactor is stopped. We find that relevant variations of the soft recoil electron spectra produced via weak and magnetic ${\\widetilde {\

V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev

1999-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

56

Calculation of the expectation values of the spin and the magnetic moment of the gamma photons created as a result of the electron-positron annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have calculated the expectation values of the spin and the intrinsic magnetic moment of the gamma photons created as a result of the electron-positron annihilation. We show that, depending on its helicity a gamma photon propagating in z direction with an angular frequency carries a magnetic moment of along the propagation direction. Here the (+) and (-) signs stand for the right hand and left circular helicity respectively. We also show that whatever the helicity is, the spin of each gamma photon is equal to zero (but not !). We argue that in a Stern-Gerlach experiment (SGE) the magnetic moment is an important property but not the spin of the particles. Because of these two symmetric values of the magnetic moment, we expect a splitting of the gamma photon beam into two symmetric subbeams in a (SGE). We believe that the present result will be helpful for understanding the recent attempts on the (SGE) with slow light and the behavior of the dark polaritons and also the atomic spinor polaritons.

Saglam, Mesude

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Anomalous-viscosity current drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a method and apparatus for maintaining a steady-state current for magnetically confining the plasma in a toroidal magnetic confinement device using anomalous viscosity current drive. A second aspect of this invention relates to an apparatus and method for the start-up of a magnetically confined toroidal plasma.

Stix, T.H.; Ono, M.

1986-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

58

Magnetization of neutron star matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetization of neutron star matter in magnetic fields is studied by employing the FSUGold interaction. It is found that the magnetic susceptibilities of the charged particles (proton, electron and muon) can be larger than that of neutron. The effects of the anomalous magnetic moments (AMM) of each component on the magnetic susceptibility are examined in detail. It is found that the proton and electron AMM affect their respective magnetic susceptibility evidently in strong magnetic fields. In addition, they are the protons instead of the electrons that contribute most significantly to the magnetization of the neutron star matter in a relative weak magnetic field, and the induced magnetic field due to the magnetization can be appear to be very large. Finally, the effect of the density-dependent symmetry energy on the magnetization is discussed.

Dong, Jianmin; Gu, Jianzhong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Detailed discussion of a linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation) electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient: Implications for electric dipole moment experiments (II)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known E x v field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect [9,10]). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic model for the correlation function which determines the behavior of the frequency shift [11], and show in detail how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also propose a method to directly measure ths correlation function under the exact conditions of a given experiment.

A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

60

Photon Redshift in a Magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous results from the authors concerning the arising a tiny photon anomalous paramagnetic moment are also interpreted as a red-shift in analogy to the gravitational known effect. It is due to the photon interaction with the magnetized virtual electron-positron background which withdraw transverse momentum from photons and is polarization-dependent. If the photon frequency red-shift implies a change in time, a clock would go faster for increasing magnetic field intensity.

Rojas, H Pérez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the. delta. /sup + +/(1232) from the bremsstrahlung process. pi. p. -->. pi. p. gamma  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the cross section from the bremsstrahlung process ..pi../sup +/p ..-->.. ..pi../sup +/p..gamma.. for incident pions of energy 299 MeV. We detected the out going pion in the angular range from 55 to 95/sup 0/ in the lab, and photons were detected near 240/sup 0/ in the lab. We compare this measured cross-section to the MIT theory in order to extract a measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the ..delta../sup + +/(1232), ..mu../sub ..delta../. In order to compare our results with the MIT theory, we have folded the MIT theory into the acceptance of our apparatus. We find that for pion angles between 55 and 75/sup 0/ the theory gives us a dipole moment of: 2.3..mu../sub p/ < ..mu../sub ..delta../ < 3.3..mu../sup p/ where the quoted error arises from an experimental uncertainty of +-0.25..mu../sub p/ and from theoretical uncertainties of +-0.25 ..mu../sub p/. However, for pion angles between 75 and 95/sup 0/ we find that the MIT theory predicts a cross-section which is larger than our measured cross-section, and makes it difficult to extract a value of ..mu../sub ..delta../. This over prediction is not understood, but consistent with a similar effect when the MIT theory is fit to previous data. 78 figs., 29 tabs.

Meyer, C.A.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

NSLS II: Magnetism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spatial ordering of the magnetic moments that is superimposed on the crystal lattice. Why these atomic magnetic moments survive and how they arrange in the solid is the...

63

About possibility to measure an electric dipole moment (EDM) of nuclei in the range $10^{-27} ÷10^{-32}$ $e \\cdot cm$ in experiments for search of time-reversal violating generation of magnetic and electric fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility to measure an electric dipole moment (EDM) of nuclei in the range $10^{-27} \\div 10^{-32}$ $e \\cdot cm$ in experiments for search of time-reversal violating generation of magnetic and electric fields is discussed.

Vladimir Baryshevsky

2004-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

64

Deconfinement to quark matter in neutron stars - The influence of strong magnetic fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use an extended version of the hadronic SU(3) non-linear realization of the sigma model that also includes quarks to study hybrid stars. Within this approach, the degrees of freedom change naturally as the temperature/density increases. Different prescriptions of charge neutrality, local and global, are tested and the influence of strong magnetic fields and the anomalous magnetic moment on the particle population is discussed.

Dexheimer, V. [UFSC, Florianopolis, Brazil and Gettysburg College, Gettysburg, PA (Brazil); Negreiros, R. [UFF, Niteroi (Brazil) and FIAS - Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt (Germany); Schramm, S. [FIAS - Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt (Germany); Hempel, M. [University of Basel, Basel (Switzerland)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

65

Linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments (edm) represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known $\\overrightarrow{v}\\times \\overrightarrow{E}$ field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect (Commins, ED; Am. J. Phys. \\QTR{bf}{59}, 1077 (1991), Pendlebury, JM \\QTR{em}{et al;} Phys. Rev. \\QTR{bf}{A70}, 032102 (2004)). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic form for the velocity auto-correlation function which determines the velocity-position correlation function which in turn determines the behavior of the frequency shift (Lamoreaux, SK and Golub, R; Phys. Rev \\QTR{bf}{A71}, 032104 (2005)) and show how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also discuss some additional issues.

Authors A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

66

Predictive Capability for Strongly Correlated Systems: Mott Transition in MnO, Multielectron Magnetic Moments, and Dynamics Effects in Correlated Materials  

SciTech Connect

There are classes of materials that are important to DOE and to the science and technology community, generically referred to as strongly correlated electron systems (SCES), which have proven very difficult to understand and to simulate in a material-specific manner. These range from actinides, which are central to the DOE mission, to transition metal oxides, which include the most promising components of new spin electronics applications as well as the high temperature superconductors, to intermetallic compounds whose heavy fermion characteristics and quantum critical behavior has given rise to some of the most active areas in condensed matter theory. The objective of the CMSN cooperative research team was to focus on the application of these new methodologies to the specific issue of Mott transitions, multi-electron magnetic moments, and dynamical properties correlated materials. Working towards this goal, the W&M team extended its first-principles phaseless auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (AFQMC) method to accurately calculate structural phase transitions and excited states.

Krakauer, Henry; Zhang, Shiwei

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

67

Anomalous radial transport in tokamak edge plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.2 Transport in tokamakAnomalous radial transport model for edge plasma . . . . . .Anomalous transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Bodi, Vasudeva Raghavendra Kowsik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment with Domain Wall Quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results for nucleon dipole moments computed with domain wall fermions. Our main target is the electric dipole moment of the neutron arising from the theta term in the gauge part of the QCD lagrangian. The calculated magnetic dipole moments of the proton and neutron are in rough accord with experimental values.

F. Berruto; T. Blum; K. Orginos; A. Soni

2004-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

69

Anomalous is ubiquitous  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Brownian motion is widely considered the quintessential model of diffusion processes-the most elemental random transport processes in Science and Engineering. Yet so, examples of diffusion processes displaying highly non-Brownian statistics-commonly termed 'Anomalous Diffusion' processes-are omnipresent both in the natural sciences and in engineered systems. The scientific interest in Anomalous Diffusion and its applications is growing exponentially in the recent years. In this Paper we review the key statistics of Anomalous Diffusion processes: sub-diffusion and super-diffusion, long-range dependence and the Joseph effect, Levy statistics and the Noah effect, and 1/f noise. We further present a theoretical model-generalizing the Einstein-Smoluchowski diffusion model-which provides a unified explanation for the prevalence of Anomalous Diffusion statistics. Our model shows that what is commonly perceived as 'anomalous' is in effect ubiquitous. - Highlights: > The article provides an overview of Anomalous Diffusion (AD) statistics. > The Einstein-Smoluchowski diffusion model is extended and generalized. > The generalized model universally generates AD statistics. > A unified 'universal macroscopic explanation' for AD statistics is established. > AD statistics are shown to be fundamentally connected to robustness.

Eliazar, Iddo, E-mail: eliazar@post.tau.ac.il [Department of Technology Management, Holon Institute of Technology, P.O. Box 305, Holon 58102 (Israel); Klafter, Joseph, E-mail: klafter@post.tau.ac.il [School of Chemistry, Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Axion emission from a magnetized neutron gas  

SciTech Connect

By using the polarization density matrix for a neutron in a magnetic field, the axion luminosity of magnetic neutron stars that is associated with the flip of the anomalous magnetic moment of degenerate nonrelativistic neutrons is calculated. It is shown that, at values of the magnetic-field induction in the region B Greater-Than-Or-Equivalent-To 10{sup 18} G, this mechanism of axion emission is dominant in 'young' neutron stars of temperature about a few tens of MeV units. At B {approx} 10{sup 17} G, it is one of the basic mechanisms. The Fermi energy of a degenerate neutron gas in a magnetic field is found, and it is shown that there is no such mechanism of axion emission in the degenerate case.

Skobelev, V. V., E-mail: v.skobelev@inbox.ru [Moscow State Industrial University (Russian Federation)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

Vacuum pressures and energy in a strong magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study vacuum in a strong magnetic field. It shows a nonlinear response, as a ferromagnetic medium. Anisotropic pressures arise, and a negative pressure is exerted in the direction perpendicular to the field. The analogy of this effect with the Casimir effect is analyzed. The vacuum transverse pressure is found to be of the same order of the statistical pressure for $B\\sim10^{15}G$ and $N\\sim10^{33}electrons/cm^{3}$. Vacuum interaction with the field is studied also for $B\\sim10^{16}G$ and larger, including the electron anomalous magnetic moment. We estimate quark contribution to vacuum behavior.

H. Perez Rojas; E. Rodriguez Querts

2004-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

72

Detailed Discussion of a linear electric field frequency shift induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient: Implications for neutron electric dipole moment experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments (edm) is one of the best places to look for physics beyond the standard model because the size of time reversal violation predicted by the standard model is incompatible with present ideas concerning the creation of the Baryon-Antibaryon asymmetry. As the sensitivity of these edm searches increases more subtle systematic effects become important. We develop a general analytical approach to describe a systematic effect recently observed in an electric dipole moment experiment using stored particles \\cite{JMP}. Our approach is based on the relationship between the systematic frequency shift and the velocity autocorrelation function of the resonating particles. Our results, when applied to well-known limiting forms of the correlation function, are in good agreement with both the limiting cases studied in recent work that employed a numerical/heuristic analysis. Our general approach explains some of the surprising results observed in that work and displays the rich behavior of the shift for intermediate frequencies, which has not been previously studied.

S. K. Lamoreaux; R. Golub

2004-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

73

Beta function and anomalous dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We demonstrate that it is possible to determine the coefficients of an all-orders beta-function linear in the anomalous dimensions using as data the 2-loop coefficients together with the first one of the anomalous dimensions which are universal. The beta function allows us to determine the anomalous dimension of the fermion masses at the infrared fixed point, and the resulting values compare well with the lattice determinations.

Pica, Claudio; Sannino, Francesco [CP3-Origins, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous files  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous files are solved. A simple file is made of Brownian hard spheres that diffuse stochastically in an effective 1D channel. Generally, Brownian files are heterogeneous: the spheres' diffusion coefficients are distributed and the initial spheres' density is non-uniform. In renewal-anomalous files, the distribution of waiting times for individual jumps is exponential as in Brownian files, yet obeys: {\\psi}_{\\alpha} (t)~t^(-1-{\\alpha}), 0renewal as all the particles attempt to jump at the same time. It is shown that the mean square displacement (MSD) in a renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous file, , obeys, ~[_{nrml}]^{\\alpha}, where _{nrml} is the MSD in the corresponding Brownian file. This scaling is an outcome of an exact relation (derived here) connecting probability density functions of Brownian files and renewal-anomalous files. It is also shown that non-renewal-anomalous files are slower than the corresponding renewal ones.

Ophir Flomenbom

2010-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

75

Magnetic Devices and Nanostructures (2005)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Molecular nanomagnets, which are the smallest well defined magnetic ... moment of a specimen as microwave stimulation causes resonance at ...

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

76

2 Geomagnetic dipole moment collapse by convective mixing in the core 3 Lijun Liu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Geomagnetic dipole moment collapse by convective mixing in the core 3 Lijun Liu1 and Peter Olson2 of the geomagnetic dipole. Here we 8 determine rates of dipole moment decrease as a function of 9 magnetic Reynolds of decrease of the geomagnetic 27 dipole moment, although it is unlikely that a single mixing 28 flow event

Olson, Peter L.

77

Magnetic Moment and Susceptibility Standard Reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... electromagnet, mounted on a movable table with stepping motor precision, sample ... applied via the injection of two parallel electric currents through ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

78

Electric Dipole Moments of Neutron-Odd Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of neutron-odd nuclei with even protons are systematically evaluated. We first derive the relation between the EDM and the magnetic moment operators by making use of the core polarization scheme. This relation enables us to calculate the EDM of neutron-odd nuclei without any free parameters. From this calculation, one may find the best atomic system suitable for future EDM experiments.

Takehisa Fujita; Sachiko Oshima

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

79

Ground-state electric quadrupole moment of 31Al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground-state electric quadrupole moment of 31Al (I =5/2+, T_1/2 = 644(25) ms) has been measured by means of the beta-NMR spectroscopy using a spin-polarized 31Al beam produced in the projectile fragmentation reaction. The obtained Q moment, |Q_exp(31Al)| = 112(32)emb, are in agreement with conventional shell model calculations within the sd valence space. Previous result on the magnetic moment also supports the validity of the sd model in this isotope, and thus it is concluded that 31Al is located outside of the island of inversion.

D. Nagae; H. Ueno; D. Kameda; M. Takemura; K. Asahi; K. Takase; A. Yoshimi; T. Sugimoto; K. Shimada; T. Nagatomo; M. Uchida; T. Arai; T. Inoue; S. Kagami; N. Hatakeyama; H. Kawamura; K. Narita; J. Murata

2008-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Moments of ambient Doppler spectra  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The author studied the first four moments (center of mass, standard deviation, skew, and kurtosis) of the Doppler spectra in ambient regions of LLNL-Hughes real aperture radar data collected during WCSEX91--92. The goal was to correlate trends in the moments with wind velocity and direction. Although the center of mass appears to increase when the wind is blowing into the radar antenna, no other conclusions have been drawn from the higher order moments.

Lehman, S.K.

1993-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

GENERATING MOMENT MATCHING SCENARIOS USING ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 29, 2013 ... Rates of convergence of moment matching formulas, as the number of ...... corresponding to the lognormal distribution used in the Utility ...

82

Anomalous GPDs in the photon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) on a photon target, in the generalized Bjorken limit, at the Born order and in the leading logarithmic approximation. This leads us to the extraction of the photon anomalous generalized parton distributions (GPDs) \\cite{url, DVCSphoton}.

S. Friot; B. Pire; L. Szymanowski

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

Anomalous transport due to shear-Alfven waves  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of shear-Alfven eigenmodes and the accompanied anomalous transport have been investigated. In the particle simulation, equilibrium thermal fluctuations associated with the eigenmodes have been observed to nullify the zeroth-order shear near the rational surface through the induced second-order eddy current, and, in turn, give rise to the formation of magnetic islands which cause rapid electron energy transport in the region. The theoretical verification of the observed behavior is discussed.

Lee, W.W.; Chance, M.S.; Okuda, H.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Anomalous radial transport in tokamak edge plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport in tokamak plasma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of tokamak plasma . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Dissertationtransport model for edge plasma . . . . . . 6.1 Anomalous

Bodi, Vasudeva Raghavendra Kowsik

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Ion temperature gradient instability and anomalous transport  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses experiments in ion temperature gradient instability and anomalous transport in the CLM steady state device. (LSP).

Sen, A.K.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Does The Pioneer Anomalous Acceleration Really Exist?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analysis of the Pioneer 10 and 11 data demonstrated the presence of an anomalous Doppler frequency blue-shift drift which is interpreted as an anomalous acceleration. The Doppler frequency dirft follows by considering the motions of the Pioneers in the universe, i.e. it is of cosmological origin. There is no anomalous acceleration.

Walter Petry

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

87

Dipole Moment Bounds on Dark Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider constraints on simplified models in which scalar dark matter annihilates to light charged leptons through the exchange of charged mediators. We find that loop diagrams will contribute corrections to the magnetic and electric dipole moments of the light charged leptons, and experimental constraints on these corrections place significant bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section. In particular, annihilation to electrons with an observable cross section would be ruled out, while annihilation to muons is only permitted if the dominant contributions arise from CP-violating interactions.

Keita Fukushima; Jason Kumar

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

88

Identifying Isotropic Events Using a Regional Moment Tensor Inversion  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the deviatoric and isotropic source components for 17 explosions at the Nevada Test Site, as well as 12 earthquakes and 3 collapses in the surrounding region of the western US, using a regional time-domain full waveform inversion for the complete moment tensor. The events separate into specific populations according to their deviation from a pure double-couple and ratio of isotropic to deviatoric energy. The separation allows for anomalous event identification and discrimination between explosions, earthquakes, and collapses. Confidence regions of the model parameters are estimated from the data misfit by assuming normally distributed parameter values. We investigate the sensitivity of the resolved parameters of an explosion to imperfect Earth models, inaccurate event depths, and data with low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) assuming a reasonable azimuthal distribution of stations. In the band of interest (0.02-0.10 Hz) the source-type calculated from complete moment tensor inversion is insensitive to velocity models perturbations that cause less than a half-cycle shift (<5 sec) in arrival time error if shifting of the waveforms is allowed. The explosion source-type is insensitive to an incorrect depth assumption (for a true depth of 1 km), and the goodness-of-fit of the inversion result cannot be used to resolve the true depth of the explosion. Noise degrades the explosive character of the result, and a good fit and accurate result are obtained when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is greater than 5. We assess the depth and frequency dependence upon the resolved explosive moment. As the depth decreases from 1 km to 200 m, the isotropic moment is no longer accurately resolved and is in error between 50-200%. However, even at the most shallow depth the resultant moment tensor is dominated by the explosive component when the data have a good SNR.

Ford, S R; Dreger, D S; Walter, W R

2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

W and Anomalous Single Top Production at HERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The analysis of $W$ production and the search for anomalous single top production is performed with the H1 detector at HERA with an integrated luminosity of 0.5 fb$^{-1}$, consisting of the complete high energy data from the HERA programme. Production cross section measurements of single $W$ production, as well as $W$ polarisation fractions in events containing isolated leptons and missing transverse momentum are also presented. In the context of a search for single top production an upper limit on the top production cross section $\\sigma_{ep\\to etX} < 0.16$ pb is established at the 95% confidence level, corresponding to an upper bound on the anomalous magnetic coupling $\\kappa_{tu\\gamma} < 0.14$.

E. Rizvi; for the H1 Collabortion

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

90

Anomalous Radiative Decay of Heavy Higgs Boson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The radiative decay width of a heavy Higgs boson $H \\rightarrow W^+W^-\\gamma$ for a {\\it hard} photon is calculated in the Standard Model and its extension with anomalous $\\gamma WW$ couplings. Its dependence on the Higgs mass, the two unknown anomalous couplings, and the photon energy cutoff are studied in detail. We show that this radiative decay of a heavy Higgs is not very sensitive to a wide range of the anomalous couplings compared to the Standard Model result.

Tzu Chiang Yuan

1992-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

91

Derivation of Generalized Thomas-Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi Equation for a Particle with Electric Dipole Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

General classical equation of spin motion is explicitly derived for a particle with magnetic and electric dipole moments in electromagnetic fields. Equation describing the spin motion relatively the momentum direction in storage rings is also obtained.

Takeshi Fukuyama; Alexander J. Silenko

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

92

Magnetism and Superconductivity in Ruthenates, Ruthenocuprates, and Other Layered Oxides.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??There exist several classes of materials that simultaneously exhibit superconductivity and anomalous magnetic order, where both effects are homogeneous throughout the material. No cohesive explanation… (more)

Smylie, Matthew Passmore

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

The Dynamics of an Electric Dipole Moment in a Stochastic Electric Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mean-field dynamics of an electric dipole moment in a deterministic and a fluctuating electric field is solved to obtain the average over fluctuations of the dipole moment and the angular mo- mentum as a function of time for a Gaussian white noise stochastic electric field. The components of the average electric dipole moment and the average angular momentum along the deterministic electric field direction do not decay to zero, despite fluctuations in all three components of the elec- tric field. This is in contrast to the decay of the average over fluctuations of a magnetic moment in a stochastic magnetic field with Gaussian white noise in all three components. The components of the average electric dipole moment and the average angular momentum perpendicular to the deterministic electric field direction oscillate with time but decay to zero, and their variance grows with time.

Band, Y B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Anomalous diffusion and ion heating in the presence of electrostatic hydrogen cyclotron instabilities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

One- and two-dimensional simulations have been carried out to study electrostatic ion cyclotron instabilities for a hydrogen plasma in a strong magnetic field. It is found that strong ion heating and anomalous cross-field diffusion comparable to Bohm diffusion take place associated with the instability. Implications of the instability to the recent observations in fusion devices and space plasmas are discussed.

Okuda, H.; Cheng, C.Z.; Lee, W.W.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

New limit on the electron electric dipole moment  

SciTech Connect

We present the result of our most recent search for T-violation in 205Tl, which is interpreted in terms of an electric dipole moment of the electron de. We find de = (6.9 plus/minus 7.4) times 10{sup -28} e cm. The present apparatus is a major upgrade of the atomic beam magnetic resonance device used to set the previous limit on de.

Regan, B.C.; Commins, Eugene D.; Schmidt, Christian J.; DeMille, David

2001-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

96

Nuclear Quadrupole Moments and Nuclear Shell Structure  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Describes a simple model, based on nuclear shell considerations, which leads to the proper behavior of known nuclear quadrupole moments, although predictions of the magnitudes of some quadrupole moments are seriously in error.

Townes, C. H.; Foley, H. M.; Low, W.

1950-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

97

Muonic Hydrogen and the Third Zemach Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the third Zemach moment of hydrogen (_(2)) using only the world data on elastic electron-proton scattering. This moment dominates the O (Z alpha)^5 hadronic correction to the Lamb shift in muonic atoms. The resulting moment, _(2) = 2.71(13) fm^3, is somewhat larger than previously inferred values based on models. The contribution of that moment to the muonic hydrogen 2S level is -0.0247(12) meV.

J. L. Friar; I. Sick

2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

98

The conservation of mass-moment parameters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study a concept of mass-moment parameter which is the generalization of the mass and the moments of inertia of a continuous media. We shall present some interesting kinematical results in the hypothesis that a set of mass-moment parameters are conserved in a motion of a continuous media.

Dan Comanescu

2007-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

99

Image analysis by modified Legendre moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the paper, a new set of orthogonal moments based on the modified Legendre polynomials is introduced. Three properties of the modified Legendre polynomials, which are orthogonality, orthogonal invariance and the characteristic that an interval on the ... Keywords: Feature representation capability, Legendre moments, Modified Legendre moments, Translation invariance

Bo Fu; Jianzhong Zhou; Yuhong Li; Guojun Zhang; Cheng Wang

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I I Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

ON THE SOURCE OF ASTROMETRIC ANOMALOUS REFRACTION  

SciTech Connect

More than a century ago, astronomers using transit telescopes to determine precise stellar positions were hampered by an unexplained periodic shifting of the stars they were observing. With the advent of CCD transit telescopes in the past three decades, this unexplained motion, termed 'anomalous refraction' by these early astronomers, is again being observed. Anomalous refraction is described as a low-frequency, large angular scale ({approx}2 Degree-Sign ) motion of the entire image plane with respect to the celestial coordinate system as observed and defined by astrometric catalogs. These motions, of typically several tenths of an arcsecond amplitude with timescales on the order of 10 minutes, are ubiquitous to ground-based drift-scan astrometric measurements regardless of location or telescopes used and have been attributed to the effect of tilting of equal-density layers of the atmosphere. The cause of this tilting has often been attributed to atmospheric gravity waves, but this cause has never been confirmed. Although theoretical models of atmospheric refraction show that atmospheric gravity waves are a plausible cause of anomalous refraction, an observational campaign specifically directed at defining this relationship provides clear evidence that anomalous refraction is not consistent with the passage of atmospheric gravity waves. The source of anomalous refraction is found to be meter-scale, slowly evolving quasi-coherent dynamical structures in the boundary layer below 60 m above ground level.

Taylor, M. Suzanne [Department of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Western State Colorado University, 128 Hurst Hall, Gunnison, CO 81230 (United States); McGraw, John T.; Zimmer, Peter C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, MSC07 4220, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States); Pier, Jeffrey R., E-mail: mstaylor@western.edu [Division of Astronomical Sciences, NSF 4201 Wilson Blvd, Arlington, VA 22230 (United States)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL SIZE DISTRIBUTION FROM MEASUREMENTS OF LIGHT TRANSMITTANCE AND SCATTERING Ernie R. Lewis and Stephen E. Schwartz Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11933 ses@bnl.gov elewis@bnl.gov MOMENTS FROM MEASUREMENTS As each of the measured quantities is linear in the size distribution dn/dr, it is possible to construct linear combinations of measurements that yield

103

Electric dipole moments, from e to tau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive an upper limit on the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the tau-lepton, which follows from the precision measurements of the electron EDM.

Grozin, A G; Rudenko, A S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Magnetic and Electric Dipole Constraints on Extra Dimensions and Magnetic Fluxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The propagation of charged particles and gauge fields in a compact extra dimension contributes to $g-2$ of the charged particles. In addition, a magnetic flux threading this extra dimension generates an electric dipole moment for these particles. We present constraints on the compactification size and on the possible magnetic flux imposed by the comparison of data and theory of the magnetic moment of the muon and from limits on the electric dipole moments of the muon, neutron and electron.

Aaron J. Roy; Myron Bander

2008-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

105

Spin-Orbit Strength Driven Crossover between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Mechanisms of the Anomalous Hall Effect in the Epitaxial L10-Ordered Ferromagnets FePd and FePt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, APEEM ¼ Iþ�I� IþþI� . For constant absolute value of the magnetic moments, APEEM is proportional

Kuch, Wolfgang

106

Almost Exact Sum Rules for Nucleon Moments From An Infinite Dimensional Algebra  

SciTech Connect

Recently there has been a great surge of interest in almost-exact sum rules for the magnetic moments of nucleons. (By almost-exact we mean: exact to all orders in the strong couplings but only the lowest order in electromagnetic and weak couplings.) Besides providing a means for calculation of the magnetic moments on the same level as the calculation of GA/GV by Adler and Weisberger these sum rules, taken together with the Adler-Weisberger sum rule, constitute a useful tool for investigating the nature of the dynamical approximations that underlie higher symmetry schemes.

Beg, M.A. B.

1966-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

107

Moment invariants to affine transformation of colours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most colour descriptors are not robust because they are constructed for simple colour transformations, such as a diagonal-offset transformation. In this paper, a type of colour descriptor is proposed which is composed of rational expression of moments ... Keywords: Affine transformation, Colour, Image retrieval, Moment invariants, Pattern recognition

Ming Gong, Hua Li, Weiguo Cao

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

The case for anomalous link discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe the challenges inherent to the task of link prediction, and we analyze one reason why many link prediction models perform poorly. Specifically, we demonstrate the effects of the extremely large class skew associated ... Keywords: anomalous link discovery, link prediction, relational learning

Matthew J. Rattigan; David Jensen

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Nonlinear Response to Anomalous Tropical Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated the nonlinear steady-state response of a barotropic model to an estimate of the observed anomalous tropical divergence forcing for the El Niño winter of 1982/83. The 400 mb climatological flow was made a forced solution of ...

R. J. Haarsma; J. D. Opsteegh

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect in Hg_1-yMn_yTe Quantum Wells  

SciTech Connect

The quantum Hall effect is usually observed when the two-dimensional electron gas is subjected to an external magnetic field, so that their quantum states form Landau levels. In this work we predict that a new phenomenon, the quantum anomalous Hall effect, can be realized in Hg{sub 1-y}Mn{sub y}Te quantum wells, without the external magnetic field and the associated Landau levels. This effect arises purely from the spin polarization of the Mn atoms, and the quantized Hall conductance is predicted for a range of quantum well thickness and the concentration of the Mn atoms. This effect enables dissipationless charge current in spintronics devices.

Liu, Chao-Xing; /Tsinghua U., Beijing /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Qi, Xiao-Liang; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong; /Beijing, Inst. Phys.; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

111

Method for identifying anomalous terrestrial heat flows  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for locating and mapping the magnitude and extent of terrestrial heat-flow anomalies from 5 to 50 times average with a tenfold improved sensitivity over orthodox applications of aerial temperature-sensing surveys as used for geothermal reconnaissance. The method remotely senses surface temperature anomalies such as occur from geothermal resources or oxidizing ore bodies by: measuring the spectral, spatial, statistical, thermal, and temporal features characterizing infrared radiation emitted by natural terrestrial surfaces; deriving from these measurements the true surface temperature with uncertainties as small as 0.05 to 0.5 K; removing effects related to natural temperature variations of topographic, hydrologic, or meteoric origin, the surface composition, detector noise, and atmospheric conditions; factoring out the ambient normal-surface temperature for non-thermally enhanced areas surveyed under otherwise identical environmental conditions; distinguishing significant residual temperature enhancements characteristic of anomalous heat flows and mapping the extent and magnitude of anomalous heat flows where they occur.

Del Grande, Nancy Kerr (San Leandro, CA)

1977-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Anomalous Charge Transport in Disordered Organic Semiconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous charge carrier transport in disordered organic semiconductors is studied using fractional differential equations. The connection between index of fractional derivative and dispersion exponent is examined from the perspective of fractional Fokker-Planck equation and its link to the continuous time random walk formalism. The fractional model is used to describe the bi-scaling power-laws observed in the time-of flight photo-current transient data for two different types of organic semiconductors.

Muniandy, S. V.; Woon, K. L. [Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Choo, K. Y. [Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor (Malaysia)

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

Electric Dipole Moments of Fundamental Particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric dipole moment (EDM) experiments are at the fore-front of search for physics beyond the standard model. The next generation searches promise to improve by several orders of magnitude the current EDM sensitivity levels.

Yannis K. Semertzidis

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

114

Anomalous and resonance small angle scattering  

SciTech Connect

Significant changes in the small angle scattered intensity can be induced by making measurements with radiation close to an absorption edge of an appropriate atomic species contained in the sample. These changes can be related quantitatively to the real and imaginary anomalous dispersion terms for the scattering factor (x-rays) or scattering length (neutrons). The physics inherent in these anomalous dispersion terms is first discussed before considering how they enter the relevant scattering theory. Two major areas of anomalous scattering research have emerged; macromolecules in solution and unmixing of metallic alloys. Research in each area is reviewed, illustrating both the feasibility and potential of these techniques. All the experimental results reported to date have been obtained with x-rays. However, it is pointed out that the formalism is the same or the analogue experiment with neutrons, and a number of suitable isotopes exist which exhibit resonance in an accessible range of energy. Potential applications of resonance small-angle neutron scatterings are discussed. 8 figs.

Epperson, J.E.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Anomalous and resonance small angle scattering: Revision  

SciTech Connect

Significant changes in the small angle scattered intensity can be induced by making measurements with radiation close to an absorption edge of an appropriate atomic species contained in the sample. These changes can be related quantitatively to the real and imaginary anomalous dispersion terms for the scattering factor (x-rays) or scattering length (neutrons). The physics inherent in these anomalous dispersion terms is first discussed before considering how they enter the relevant scattering theory. Two major areas of anomalous scattering research have emerged; macromolecules in solution and unmixing of metallic alloys. Research in each area is reviewed, illustrating both the feasibility and potential of these techniques. All the experimental results reported to date have been obtained with x-rays. However, it is pointed out that the formalism is the same for the analogue experiment with neutrons, and a number of suitable isotopes exist which exhibit resonance in an accessible range of energy. Potential applications of resonance small angle neutron scatterings are discussed. 54 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Epperson, J.E.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Application of Moment Invariants to Automated Microstructure Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On-Site Speaker (Planned), Lily Nguyen. Abstract Scope, Moment invariants are algebraic combinations of the 2-D or 3-D cartesian moments of an object's ...

117

The electric charge and magnetic moment of neutral fundamental particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The article focuses on the issue of the two definitions of charge, mainly the gauge charge and the effective charge of fundamental particles. Most textbooks on classical electromagnetism and quantum field theory only works with the gauge charges while the concept of the induced charge remains unattended. In this article it has been shown that for intrinsically charged particles both of the charges remain the same but there can be situations where an electrically neutral particle picks up some electrical charge from its plasma surrounding. The physical origin and the scope of application of the induced charge concept has been briefly discussed in the article.

Kaushik Bhattacharya

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

118

Table of Nuclear Magnetic Dipole and Electric Quadrupole Moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ma25 ZP A327 157 (87) 4492 295 ps 5- +2.6(5) IPAD 1974He13 PR C10 919 (74) 20 Ca 41 0 1.0x10 5 y 7 Research NP Nuclear Physics NuoC Nuovo Cimento NuoCL Nuovo Cimento Letters OptL Optics Letters ORNL Oak) +0.822567(3) [2H] N ZNat 23a 1202 (68)/PL A25 440 (67)/ ORNL-1775 (54) -0.00083(8) st [7Li] MB,R CPL

119

Anomalous zipping dynamics and forced polymer translocation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate by Monte Carlo simulations the zipping and unzipping dynamics of two polymers connected by one end and subject to an attractive interaction between complementary monomers. In zipping, the polymers are quenched from a high temperature equilibrium configuration to a low temperature state, so that the two strands zip up by closing up a "Y"-fork. In unzipping, the polymers are brought from a low temperature double stranded configuration to high temperatures, so that the two strands separate. Simulations show that the unzipping time, $\\tau_u$, scales as a function of the polymer length as $\\tau_u \\sim L$, while the zipping is characterized by anomalous dynamics $\\tau_z \\sim L^\\alpha$ with $\\alpha = 1.37(2)$. This exponent is in good agreement with simulation results and theoretical predictions for the scaling of the translocation time of a forced polymer passing through a narrow pore. We find that the exponent $\\alpha$ is robust against variations of parameters and temperature, whereas the scaling of $\\tau_z$ as a function of the driving force shows the existence of two different regimes: the weak forcing ($\\tau_z \\sim 1/F$) and strong forcing ($\\tau_z$ independent of $F$) regimes. The crossover region is possibly characterized by a non-trivial scaling in $F$, matching the prediction of recent theories of polymer translocation. Although the geometrical setup is different, zipping and translocation share thus the same type of anomalous dynamics. Systems where this dynamics could be experimentally investigated are DNA (or RNA) hairpins: our results imply an anomalous dynamics for the hairpins closing times, but not for the opening times.

Alessandro Ferrantini; Enrico Carlon

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

120

Anomalous Adsorption of Ultrafast Laser Irradiation in Glass ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Anomalous Adsorption of Ultrafast Laser Irradiation in Glass ... and is driven by the stress induced by absorption of ultrafast light in glass.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Anomalous resistance in high-frequency heating of tokamak plasma  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that induced scattering of electromagnetic waves by ions in a plasma with a longitudinal current can lead to the appearance of an appreciable anomalous resistance.

Parail, V.V.

1976-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

122

Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Coso volcanic field, and are coincident with the epicentral locations of recent earthquake swarms. No anomalous attenuation is seen beneath the Coso volcanic field above about...

123

Fast computation of geometric moments using a symmetric kernel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel set of geometric moments with symmetric kernel (SGM) obtained using an appropriate transformation of image coordinates. By using this image transformation, the computational complexity of geometric moments (GM) is reduced ... Keywords: Computation, Efficient representation, Fast computation, Geometric moments with symmetric kernel (SGM), Invariant properties, Numerical instability, Symmetrical property, Zernike moments

Chong-Yaw Wee; Raveendran Paramesran; R. Mukundan

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Magnetized baryonic matter in holographic QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the properties of the Sakai-Sugimoto model at finite magnetic field and baryon chemical potentials. We show that in a finite magnetic field, there exists a spatially homogeneous configuration carrying finite baryon number density. At low magnetic field and baryon chemical potential the equation of state of the matter coincides with that obtained from the chiral perturbation theory Lagrangian with an anomalous term. We discuss the behavior of the system at larger magnetic fields.

Ethan G. Thompson; Dam T. Son

2008-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

125

$?$ electric dipole moment with polarized beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High luminosity Super B/Flavor factories, near and on top of the $\\Upsilon$ resonances, allow for a detailed investigation of CP-violation in $\\tau$ physics. In particular, bounds on the $\\tau$ electric dipole moment can be obtained from CP-odd observables. We perform an independent analysis from other low and high energy data. For polarized electron beam a CP-odd asymmetry, associated to the normal polarization term, can be used to set stringent bounds on the $\\tau$ electric dipole moment.

G. A. González-Sprinberg; J. Bernabéu; J. Vidal

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

126

Electric dipole moment of light nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the sensitivity of the deuteron Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) to variation in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. In particular, we write the EDM as a sum of two terms, one depends on the target wave function, the second on intermediate multiple scattering states in the {sup 3}P{sub 1} channel. This second contribution is sensitive to off-shell behavior of the {sup 3}P{sub 1} amplitude.

Gibson, Benjamin [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Afnan, I R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Electric dipole moment of light nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We examine the sensitivity of the deuteron Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) to variation in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. In particular, we write the EDM as a sum of two terms, one depends on the target wave function, the second on intermediate multiple scattering states in the {sup 3}P{sub 1} channel. This second contribution is sensitive to off-shell behavior of the {sup 3}P{sub 1} amplitude.

Afnan, Iraj R. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001 (Australia); Gibson, Benjamin F. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

128

New limits on the ordered moments in ?-Pu and Ga-stabilized ?-Pu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first µSR measurements ever performed on elemental Pu, and set the most stringent upper limits to date on the magnitude of the ordered moment µord in ?-Pu and ?-stabilized Pu (alloyed with 4.3 at. % Ga). Assuming a nominal hyperfine coupling field of 1 kOe/µB we find µord ? 10 ?3 µB at T ? = 4 K. Key words: plutonium magnetism, f-electron, µSR 1.

R. H. Heffner A; G. D. Morris A

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Essays on set estimation and inference with moment inequalities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores power and consistency of estimation and inference procedures with moment inequalities, and applications of the moment inequality framework to estimation of frontiers in finance. In the first chapter, ...

Menzel, Konrad, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The NIMA Method for Improved Moment Estimation from Doppler Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NCAR Improved Moments Algorithm (NIMA) for estimating moments from wind measurement devices that measure Doppler spectra as a function of range is described in some detail. Although NIMA's main application has been for real-time processing of ...

Corinne S. Morse; Robert K. Goodrich; Larry B. Cornman

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Detecting compounded anomalous SNMP situations using cooperative unsupervised pattern recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research employs unsupervised pattern recognition to approach the thorny issue of detecting anomalous network behavior. It applies a connectionist model to identify user behavior patterns and successfully demonstrates that such models respond well ...

Emilio Corchado; Álvaro Herrero; José Manuel Sáiz

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Testing and Comparing the Modified Anomalous Diffraction Approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The modified anomalous diffraction approximation (MADA) is used to predict absorption and extinction in water and ice clouds, but it does not predict the scattering phase function or asymmetry parameter g. In conjunction with g parameterizations, ...

David L. Mitchell; Anthony J. Baran; W. P. Arnott; C. Schmitt

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Searching for the fourth family quarks through anomalous decays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flavor democracy hypothesis predicts the existence of the fourth standard model family. Because of the high masses of the fourth family quarks, their anomalous decays could be dominant if certain criteria are met. This will drastically change the search strategy at hadron colliders. We show that the fourth standard model family down quarks with masses up to 400-450 GeV can be observed (or excluded) via anomalous decays by Tevatron.

Sahin, M.; Sultansoy, S.; Turkoz, S. [TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Physics Division, Ankara (Turkey); TOBB University of Economics and Technology, Physics Division, Ankara, Turkey and Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan); Ankara University, Department of Physics, Ankara (Turkey)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

The Electric Dipole Moment of the Nucleons in Holographic QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the strong CP-violation in the framework of AdS/QCD model and calculate the electric dipole moments of nucleons as well as the CP-violating pion-nucleon coupling. Our holographic estimate of the electric dipole moments gives for the neutron d_n=1.08 X 10^{-16} theta (e cm), which is comparable with previous estimates. We also predict that the electric dipole moment of the proton should be precisely the minus of the neutron electric dipole moment, thus leading to a new sum rule on the electric dipole moments of baryons.

Hong, Deog Ki; Siwach, Sanjay; Yee, Ho-Ung

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism studies of Co2FeAl in magnetic tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect

The bulk magnetic moment and the element specific magnetic moment of Co{sub 2}FeAl thin films were examined as a function of annealing temperature by alternating gradient magnetometer (AGM) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS)/X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), respectively. A high magnetic moment can be achieved for all annealing temperatures and the predicted bulk and interface magnetic moment of about 5 {tilde A}{sub B} are reached via heating. We will also present tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) values of up to 153% at room temperature and 260% at 13 K for MgO based magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) with Co{sub 2}FeAl and Co-Fe electrodes.

Ebke, D.; Kugler, Z.; Thomas, P.; Schebaum, O.; Schafers, M.; Nissen, D.; Schmalhorst, J.; Hutten, A.; Arenholz, E.; Thomas, A.

2010-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

136

Optimization under moment, robust, and data-driven models of uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the problem of moments and present two diverse applications that apply both the hierarchy of moment relaxation and the moment duality theory. We then propose a moment-based uncertainty model for stochastic ...

Doan, Xuan Vinh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Nuclear electric dipole moment of 3He  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the no-core shell model (NCSM) framework, we calculate the {sup 3}He electric dipole moment (EDM) generated by parity- and time-reversal violation in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. While the results are somehow sensitive to the interaction model chosen for the strong two- and three-body interactions, we demonstrate the pion-exchange dominance to the EDM of {sup 3}He, if the coupling constants for {pi}, {rho} and {omega}-exchanges are of comparable magnitude, as expected. Finally, our results suggest that a measurement of {sup 3}He EDM would be complementary to the currently planned neutron and deuteron experiments, and would constitute a powerful constraint to the models of the pion P- and T-violating interactions.

Stetcu, Ionel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Friar, J L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hayes, A C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Liu, C P [UNIV WISCONSIN; Navratil, P [LIVERMORE NAT LAB

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Numerical Regularized Moment Method of Arbitrary Order for Boltzmann-BGK Equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a numerical method for solving Grad's moment equations or regularized moment equations for an arbitrary order of moments. In our algorithm, we do not explicitly need the moment equations. Instead, we directly start from the Boltzmann equation ... Keywords: Boltzmann-BGK equation, Grad's moment method, regularized moment-equations

Zhenning Cai; Ruo Li

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

On the moment of inertia of a quantum harmonic oscillator  

SciTech Connect

An original method for calculating the moment of inertia of the collective rotation of a nucleus on the basis of the cranking model with the harmonic-oscillator Hamiltonian at arbitrary frequencies of rotation and finite temperature is proposed. In the adiabatic limit, an oscillating chemical-potential dependence of the moment of inertia is obtained by means of analytic calculations. The oscillations of the moment of inertia become more pronounced as deformations approach the spherical limit and decrease exponentially with increasing temperature.

Khamzin, A. A., E-mail: airat.khamzin@rambler.ru; Sitdikov, A. S. [Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (Russian Federation)] [Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (Russian Federation); Nikitin, A. S. [Kazan State Power-Engineering University (Russian Federation)] [Kazan State Power-Engineering University (Russian Federation); Roganov, D. A. [Open Corporation Joint-Stock Commercial Investment Bank Tatfondbank (Russian Federation)] [Open Corporation Joint-Stock Commercial Investment Bank Tatfondbank (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Geothermal: Sponsored by OSTI -- Full moment tensor and source...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Full moment tensor and source location inversion based on full waveform adjoint inversion: application at the Geysers geothermal field Geothermal Technologies Legacy Collection...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Capturing Those In-Between Moments: NIST Solves Timing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Capturing Those In-Between Moments: NIST Solves Timing Problem in Molecular ... Colorized simulation of what happens to 1100 carbon atoms in a ...

2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

142

Leptonic dipole moments in the left-right supersymmetric ... - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

doscalar Higgs boson can give significant contributions to dipole moments at two loop level, coming from Barr-Zee. Fig. 2. Chargino, neutralino and left-right ...

143

The gravitational cusp anomalous dimension from AdS space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently a new picture has been developed for examining Wilson lines, and the corresponding anomalous dimensions which govern their renormalization properties. By making a particular coordinate transform, the calculation of the cusp anomalous dimension in QED or QCD can be related to the energy of a pair of static charges in Euclidean Anti-de-Sitter (AdS) space. This paper shows how the same picture can be used to describe Wilson lines in quantum gravity. We show how the relevant cusp anomalous dimension (which has recently been shown to be one loop exact) can be obtained using the Newtonian limit of General Relativity. We also show how both the QED and gravity cases emerge as special cases of a general formulation, and that a continuous parameter exists which interpolates between them. The results may be useful in examining the relations between gauge and gravity theories.

Miller, D J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The gravitational cusp anomalous dimension from AdS space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently a new picture has been developed for examining Wilson lines, and the corresponding anomalous dimensions which govern their renormalization properties. By making a particular coordinate transform, the calculation of the cusp anomalous dimension in QED or QCD can be related to the energy of a pair of static charges in Euclidean Anti-de-Sitter (AdS) space. This paper shows how the same picture can be used to describe Wilson lines in quantum gravity. We show how the relevant cusp anomalous dimension (which has recently been shown to be one loop exact) can be obtained using the Newtonian limit of General Relativity. We also show how both the QED and gravity cases emerge as special cases of a general formulation, and that a continuous parameter exists which interpolates between them. The results may be useful in examining the relations between gauge and gravity theories.

D. J. Miller; C. D. White

2012-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

145

Analytical solution of the kinetic equation for a uniform plasma in a magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

The kinetic equation for a single-component uniform plasma in a magnetic field is analytically solved by the moment method. The linear system of ordinary differential equations for the moments is decomposed into subsystems of lower dimensions by a geometric method. The eigensystem of each subsystem shows that parallel moments decay monotonically, but perpendicular lth harmonic moments decay while oscillating with the l,l-2,...,-th harmonics of gyrofrequency. A generalization to a multicomponent plasma is discussed.

Ji, Jeong-Young; Held, Eric D. [Department of Physics, Utah State University, Logan, Utah 84322 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Current-induced switching of magnetic domains to a perpendicular configuration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a ferromagnet{endash}normal-metal{endash}ferromagnet trilayer, a current flowing perpendicularly to the layers creates a torque on the magnetic moments of the ferromagnets. When one of the contacts is superconducting, the torque not only favors parallel or antiparallel alignment of the magnetic moments, as is the case for two normal contacts, but can also favor a configuration where the two moments are perpendicular. In addition, whereas the conductance for parallel and antiparallel magnetic moments is the same, signalling the absence of giant magnetoresistance in the usual sense, the conductance is greater in the perpendicular configuration. Thus, a negative magnetoconductance is predicted, in contrast with the usual giant magnetoresistance.

Waintal, X.; Brouwer, P. W.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

The search for permanent electric dipole moments  

SciTech Connect

Permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of fundamental systems with spin - particles, nuclei, atoms or molecules violate parity and time reversal invariance. Invoking the CPT theorem, time reversal violation implies CP violation. Although CP-violation is implemented in the standard electro-weak theory, EDM generated this way remain undetectably small. However, this CP-violation also appears to fail explaining the observed baryon asymmetry of our universe. Extensions of the standard theory usually include new sources of CP violation and often predict sizeable EDMs. EDM searches in different systems are complementary and various efforts worldwide are underway and no finite value has been established yet. The prototype of an EDM search is the pursuit of the EDM of the neutron. It has the longest history and at the same time is at the forefront of present research. The talk aims at giving an overview of the field with emphasis on our efforts within an international collaboration at PSI, nedm.web.psi.ch.

Kirch, Klaus [PSI-Villigen - ETH Zürich

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

148

Electron Electric Dipole Moment induced by Octet-Colored Scalars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An appended sector of two octet-colored scalars, each an electroweak doublet, is an interesting extension of the simple two Higgs doublet model motivated by the minimal flavor violation. Their rich CP violating interaction gives rise to a sizable electron electric dipole moment, besides the quark electric dipole moment via the two-loop contribution of Barr-Zee mechanism.

Jae Ho Heo; Wai-Yee Keung

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

149

Moment matching approximation of Asian basket option prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we propose some moment matching pricing methods for European-style discrete arithmetic Asian basket options in a Black & Scholes framework. We generalize the approach of [M. Curran, Valuing Asian and portfolio by conditioning on the geometric ... Keywords: 60J65, 91B28, Asian basket option, Log-extended-skew-normal, Moment matching, Sum of non-independent random variables

Griselda Deelstra; Ibrahima Diallo; Michèle Vanmaele

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Electric dipole moments in U(1){sup '} models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study electric dipole moments of electrons and protons in E(6)-inspired supersymmetric models with an extra U(1) invariance. Compared to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, in addition to offering a natural solution to the {mu} problem and predicting a larger mass for the lightest Higgs boson, these models are found to yield suppressed electric dipole moments.

Hayreter, Alper [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, IZTECH, TR35430 (Turkey); Department of Physics, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke West, Montreal, Quebec, H4B 1R6 (Canada); Sabanci, Asli [Department of Physics, Izmir Institute of Technology, IZTECH, TR35430 (Turkey); Solmaz, Levent; Solmaz, Saime [Department of Physics, Balikesir University, Balikesir, TR10145 (Turkey)

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A generalized method of moments for closed queueing networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a new solution technique for closed product-form queueing networks that generalizes the Method of Moments (MoM), a recently proposed exact algorithm that is several orders of magnitude faster and memory efficient than the established Mean ... Keywords: Computational algorithms, Method of moments, Queueing network models

Giuliano Casale

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Greenhouse Warming, Decadal Variability, or El Niño? An Attempt to Understand the Anomalous 1990s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dominant variability modes in the Tropics are investigated and contrasted with the anomalous situation observed during the last few years. The prime quantity analyzed is anomalous sea surface temperature (SST) in the region 30°S–60°N. ...

M. Latif; R. Kleeman; C. Eckert

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Magnetic properties of the nucleon in a uniform background field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results for the magnetic moment and magnetic polarisability of the neutron and the magnetic moment of the proton. These results are calculated using the uniform background field method on 32^3 x 64 dynamical QCD lattices provided by the PACS-CS collaboration as part of the ILDG. We use a uniform background magnetic field quantised by the periodic spatial volume. We investigate ways to improve the effective energy plots used to calculate magnetic polarisabilities, including the use of correlation matrix techniques with various source smearings.

Thomas Primer; Waseem Kamleh; Derek Leinweber; Matthias Burkardt

2013-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

154

ARM - Evaluation Product - Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsCorrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates ProductsCorrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates Site(s) SGP TWP General Description Raw moments from the scanning ARM precipitation radars (SAPRs) are subject to a number of instrumental and atmospheric phenomena that must be retrieved and corrected for. The Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates (CMAC) value-added product contains both raw data and fields that have been processed to: · correct for velocity aliasing · unfold and generate a cross-polarimetric phase difference that is monotonically increasing, removing impulses caused by non-uniform beam filling and phase shift on backscatter · recalculate specific differential phase using a 20-point Sobel filter on

155

Energy Dependence of High Moments for Net-proton Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High moments of multiplicity distributions of conserved quantities are predicted to be sensitive to critical fluctuations. To understand the effect of the non-critical physics backgrounds on the proposed observable, we have studied various moments of net-proton distributions with AMPT, Hijing, Therminator and UrQMD models, in which no QCD critical point physics is implemented. It is found that the centrality evolution of various moments of net-proton distributions can be uniformly described by a superposition of emission sources. In addition, in the absence of critical phenomena, some moment products of net-proton distributions, related to the baryon number susceptibilities in Lattice QCD calculations, are predicted to be constant as a function of the collision centrality. We argue that a non-monotonic dependence of the moment products as a function of the beam energy may be used to locate the QCD critical point.

Luo, Xiaofeng; Mohanty, Bedangadas; Ritter, Hans Georg; Xu, Nu

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

156

Climatology of Anomalous Propagation Radar Echoes in a Coastal Area  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous propagation (AP) of ground-based radar beam results in the detection of ground echoes beyond the horizon. One year of data gathered with an S-band meteorological radar located on the coast in southwest France is used to analyze the ...

Frédéric Mesnard; Henri Sauvageot

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Anomalous Transport Processes in Turbulent non-Abelian Plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Turbulent color fields, which can arise in the early and late stages of relativistic heavy ion collisions, may contribute significantly to the transport processes in the matter created in these collisions. We review the theory of these anomalous transport processes and discuss their possible phenomenology in the glasma and quasistationary expanding quark-gluon plasma.

Masayuki Asakawa; Steffen A. Bass; Berndt Müller

2010-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

158

Scale-dependent mass anomalous dimension from Dirac eigenmodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the eigenmodes of the massless Dirac operator to extract the scale-dependent fermion mass anomalous dimension gamma_m(mu). By combining simulations on multiple lattice volumes, and when possible several gauge couplings, we are able to measure the anomalous dimension across a wide range of energy scales. The method that we present is universal and can be applied to any lattice model of interest, including both conformal or chirally broken systems. We consider SU(3) lattice gauge theories with Nf=4, 8 and 12 light or massless fermions. The 4-flavor model behaves as expected for a QCD-like system and demonstrates that systematic effects are manageable in practical lattice calculations. Our 12-flavor results are consistent with the existence of an infrared fixed point, at which we predict the scheme-independent mass anomalous dimension gamma_m^*=0.32(3). For the 8-flavor model we observe a large anomalous dimension across a wide range of energy scales. Further investigation is required to determine whether Nf=8 is chirally broken and walking, or if it possesses a strongly-coupled conformal fixed point.

Anqi Cheng; Anna Hasenfratz; Gregory Petropoulos; David Schaich

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

159

Astrophysics of the Soft Gamma Repeaters and Anomalous X-Ray Pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I summarize the recent advances in our understanding of the Soft Gamma Repeaters: in particular their spin behavior, persistent emission and hyper-Eddington outbursts. The giant flares on 5 March 1979 and 27 August 1998 provide compelling physical evidence for magnetic fields stronger than 10 B_{QED} = 4.4 x 10^{14} G, consistent with the rapid spindown detected in two of these sources. The persistent X-ray emission and variable spindown of the 6-12 s Anomalous X-ray Pulsars are compared and contrasted with those of the SGRs, and the case made for a close connection between the two types of sources. Their collective properties point to the existence of {\\it magnetars}: neutron stars in which a decaying magnetic field (rather than accretion or rotation) is the dominant source of energy for radiative and particle emissions. Observational tests of the magnetar model are outlined, along with current ideas about the trigger of SGR outbursts, new evidence for the trapped fireball model, and the influence of QED processes on X-ray spectra and lightcurves. A critical examination is made of coherent radio emission from bursting strong-field neutron stars. I conclude with an overview of the genetic connection between neutron star magnetism and the violent fluid motions in a collapsing supernova core.

Christopher Thompson

2000-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

160

Apparatus for Measurement of the Electric Dipole Moment of the Neutron using a Cohabiting Atomic-Mercury Magnetometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A description is presented of apparatus used to carry out an experimental search for an electric dipole moment of the neutron, at the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL), Grenoble. The experiment incorporated a cohabiting atomic-mercury magnetometer in order to reduce spurious signals from magnetic field fluctuations. The result has been published in an earlier letter; here, the methods and equipment used are discussed in detail.

C. A. Baker; Y. Chibane; M. Chouder; P. Geltenbort; K. Green; P. G. Harris; B. R. Heckel; P. Iaydjiev; S. N. Ivanov; I. Kilvington; S. K. Lamoreaux; D. J. May; J. M. Pendlebury; J. D. Richardson; D. B. Shiers; K. F. Smith; M. van der Grinten

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Sixteen-moment approximation for a collisionless space plasma: Waves and instabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study is carried out of waves and instabilities in an anisotropic collisionless plasma. In a strongly magnetized plasma, the velocity distributions along and across the magnetic field lines are different, which results in anisotropy of the total pressure and gives rise to an anisotropic heat flux. The fluid description of the plasma is based on the 16-moment integral transport equations, which are integral equations obtained from the Boltzmann-Vlasov kinetic equation. For small incompressible perturbations in a homogeneous plasma, the general dispersion relation implies that there are not only firehose modes, but also three additional modes, and that all four wave modes interact with each other if a heat flux is present. Heat fluxes do not change the properties of conventional firehose modes. The conditions for the onset of instabilities are investigated as functions of the parameters of the problems. Qualitative estimates for conditions typical of the solar corona are presented.

Kuznetsov, V. D. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation (Russian Federation); Dzhalilov, N. S. [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Shemakha Astrophysical Observatory (Azerbaijan)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Statistical Tools for Drop Size Distributions: Moments and Generalized Gamma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several problems associated with drop size distributions are treated. For rainfall rate R or radar reflectivity Z high powers of the drop diameters must be taken into account. This paper suggests methods to deal with the relevant moments and to ...

A. N. Aufder Maur

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

ARM - Evaluation Product - Mapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsMapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid ProductsMapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Mapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid Site(s) SGP TWP General Description The Scanning ARM precipitation radars produce measurements of raw radar moments in antenna coordinates of range from and the azimuth and elevation of the antenna. Most numerical representations of the atmosphere tend to be in a Cartesian coordinate system using either height above mean sea level (or land surface in sigma coordinates) or pressure levels as a vertical scale. In addition to applying a correction for radar aliasing, correcting cross polarimetric phase difference for second trip returns and folding, recalculating specific differential phase (due to a configuration error on

164

Baroclinic Interleaving Instability: A Second-Moment Closure Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interleaving motions on a wide, baroclinic front are modeled using a second-moment closure to represent unresolved fluxes by turbulence and salt fingering. A linear perturbation analysis reveals two broad classes of unstable modes. First are scale-...

W. D. Smyth; H. Burchard; L. Umlauf

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Anomaly of the moment of inertia of shape transitional nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The change in the structure of the collective levels with spin angular momentum in atomic nuclei is often expressed in terms of the classical concepts of the kinematic and the dynamic moments of inertia varying with spin. For the well deformed even-even nuclei the kinematic moment of inertia increases with spin up to 10%-20%, at say I{sup {pi}} = 12{sup +}. However, for the shape transitional nuclei, or almost spherical nuclei, it increases with spin much faster. The pitfalls of using the rotor model form of kinematic moment of inertia in such cases are pointed out here. Alternative methods of extracting the nuclear structure information are explored. The important role of the ground state deformation is illustrated. The use of the power index formula for evaluating the effective moment of inertia, free from the assumption of the rotor model, is described.

Gupta, J. B. [Ramjas College, University of Delhi, Delhi-110 007 (India); Hamilton, J. H. [Physics Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Third moments of conserved charges in QCD phase diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We point out that the third moments of conserved charges, the baryon and electric charge numbers, and energy, as well as their mixed moments, change their signs around the QCD phase boundary in the temperature and baryon chemical potential plane. These signs can be measured in relativistic heavy ion collisions, and will give clear information on the phase structure of QCD and the state of the system in the early stage of relativistic heavy ion collisions. The behaviors of these moments on the temperature axis and at small quark chemical potential can be analyzed in lattice QCD simulations. We emphasize that the third moments obtained on the lattice, together with the experimental results, will provide a deep understanding about the QCD phase diagram and the location of the state created in heavy ion collisions.

Kitazawa, Masakiyo; Ejiri, Shinji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

SDP vs. LP relaxations for the moment approach in some ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ity moment conditions, yields a sequence of semidefinite programs (or SDP ... of such processes is that their infinitesimal generator maps the polynomials into polynomials. ...... The monitoring statistic Yt based on the likelihood ratio, see [1],

168

On anomalous diffusion in a plasma in velocity space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The problem of anomalous diffusion in momentum space is considered for plasma-like systems on the basis of a new collision integral, which is appropriate for consideration of the probability transition function (PTF) with long tails in momentum space. The generalized Fokker-Planck equation for description of diffusion (in momentum space) of particles (ions, grains etc.) in a stochastic system of light particles (electrons, or electrons and ions, respectively) is applied to the evolution of the momentum particle distribution in a plasma. In a plasma the developed approach is also applicable to the diffusion of particles with an arbitrary mass relation, due to the small characteristic momentum transfer. The cases of an exponentially decreasing in momentum space (including the Boltzmann-like) kernel in the PT-function, as well as the more general kernels, which create the anomalous diffusion in velocity space due to the long tail in the PT-function, are considered. Effective friction and diffusion coefficients f...

Trigger, S A; van Heijst, G J F; Schram, P P J M; Sokolov, I M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Low-magnetic-field magnetars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is now widely accepted that soft gamma repeaters and anomalous X-ray pulsars are the observational manifestations of magnetars, i.e. sources powered by their own magnetic energy. This view was supported by the fact that these `magnetar candidates' exhibited, without exception, a surface dipole magnetic field (as inferred from the spin-down rate) in excess of the electron critical field (~4.4E+13 G). The recent discovery of fully-qualified magnetars, SGR 0418+5729 and Swift J1822.3-1606, with dipole magnetic field well in the range of ordinary radio pulsars posed a challenge to the standard picture, showing that a very strong field is not necessary for the onset of magnetar activity (chiefly bursts and outbursts). Here we summarize the observational status of the low-magnetic-field magnetars and discuss their properties in the context of the mainstream magnetar model and its main alternatives.

Turolla, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Manifestations of nuclear anapole moments in solid state NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We suggest to use insulating garnets doped by rare earth ions for measurements of nuclear anapole moments. A parity violating shift of the NMR frequency arises due to the combined effect of the lattice crystal field and the anapole moment of the rare-earth nucleus. We show that there are two different observable effects related to frequency: 1) A shift of the NMR frequency in an external electric field applied to the solid. The value of the shift is about \\Delta \

T. N. Mukhamedjanov; O. P. Sushkov; J. M. Cadogan

2004-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

171

Using Probability Density Functions to Derive Consistent Closure Relationships among Higher-Order Moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Parameterizations of turbulence often predict several lower-order moments and make closure assumptions for higher-order moments. In principle, the low- and high-order moments share the same probability density function (PDF). One closure ...

Vincent E. Larson; Jean-Christophe Golaz

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Anomalous transport and stabilization of collisionless drift-wave instabilities  

SciTech Connect

Extensive numerical simulations have been carried out to study the enhanced transport processes associated with the collisionless drift wave instabilities. The results indicate that the shear is effective in reducing the anomalous particle diffusion as predicted by theory; however, it is less so for the accompanied electron heat transfer. The quasilinear decay of the density profile is found to be the dominant mechanism for the nonlinear saturation. (auth)

Lee, W.W.; Okuda, H.

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Proposed solid-state Faraday anomalous-dispersion optical filter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter (FADOF) based on a rare-earth ion doped crystal. We present theoretical analyses for the solid-state FADOF transmission. Our theoretical model predicts a maximum transmission efficiency of 71% and a double-peaked transmission spectrum with a bandwidth of 6 GHz under current experimental conditions. Our proposal may have important applications in optical communications.

Lin, Wei-Bin [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, CAS, Hefei 230026 (China); Institute of Laser Technology, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009 (China); Zhou, Zong-Quan; Li, Chuan-Feng; Guo, Guang-Can [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, CAS, Hefei 230026 (China)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

174

On the origin of the anomalous precession of Mercury's perihelion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Action at distance in Newtonian physics is replaced by finite propagation speeds in classical post--Newtonian physics. As a result, the differential equations of motion in Newtonian physics are replaced by functional differential equations, where the delay associated with the finite propagation speed is taken into account. Newtonian equations of motion, with post--Newtonian corrections, are often used to approximate the functional differential equations. In ``On the origin of quantum mechanics'', preprint, physics/0505181, May 2005, a simple atomic model based on a functional differential equation which reproduces the quantized Bohr atomic model was presented. The unique assumption was that the electrodynamic interaction has a finite propagation speed. In ``On the origin of the gravitational quantization: The Titius--Bode Law'', preprint, physics/0507072, Jul 2005, a simple gravitational model based on a functional differential equation which gives a gravitational quantification and an explanation of the modified Titius--Bode law is described. Firstly, in this work, we recall the calculations made by Einstein to arrive at the explanation of the anomalous precession of Mercury's perihelion. Secondly, we recover an ancient work of Gerber in 1898 as a precursor of the retarded theories. In this paper Gerber gave an explanation of the anomalous precession of the Mercury's perihelion in terms of a velocity--dependent potential. In this paper an explanation of the anomalous precession of Mercury's perihelion is given in terms of a simple retarded potential, which, at first order, coincides with Gerber's potential, and which agrees with the author's previous works.

Jaume Giné

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

175

Anomalous Lagrangians and the radiative muon capture in hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The structure of an anomalous Lagrangian of the pi-rho-omega-a_1 system is investigated within the hidden local SU(2)_R x SU(2)_L symmetry approach. The interaction of the external electromagnetic and weak vector and axial-vector fields with the above hadron system is included. The Lagrangian of interest contains the anomalous Wess-Zumino term following from the well known Wess-Zumino-Witten action and six independent homogenous terms. It is characterized by four constants that are to be determined from a fit to the data on various elementary reactions. Present data allows one to extract the constants with a good accuracy. The homogenous part of the Lagrangian has been applied in the study of anomalous processes that could enhance the high energy tail of the spectrum of photons, produced in the radiative muon capture in hydrogen. It should be noted that recently, an intensive search for such enhancement processes has been carried in the literature, in an attempt to resolve the so called "g_P puzzle": an about 50 % difference between the theoretical prediction of the value of the induced pseudoscalar constant g_P and its value extracted from the high energy tail of the photon spectrum, measured in the precision TRIUMF experiment. Here, more details on the studied material are presented and new results, obtained by using the Wess-Zumino term, are provided.

J. Smejkal; E. Truhlik; F. C. Khanna

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

176

Magnetic resonance as a channel of directed transmission of electromagnetic energy in animate nature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of magnetic resonance (either NMR or ESR) is a responce of atomic (molecular) system to the external electromagnetic effect. Electrons and nuclei, which possess magnetic moment, are the "magnetic antennas" in the biosystem "human being". They are able to receive (radiate) electromagnetic energy selectively in coordinates $H$ (magnetic field), $\

E. Ya. Fursa

2002-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

177

Countintg Extra Dimensions: Magnetic Cherenkov Radiation from High Energy Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In theories which require a space of dimension d>4, there is a natural mechanism of suppressing neutrino masses: while Standard Model fields are confined to a 3-brane, right handed neutrinos live in the bulk. Due to Kaluza-Klein excitations, the effective magnetic moments of neutrinos are enhanced. The effective magnetic moment is a monotonically growing function of the energy of the neutrino: consequently, high energy neutrinos can emit observable amounts of magnetic Cherenkov radiation. By observing the energy dependence of the magnetic Cherenkov radiation, one may be able to determine the number of compactified dimensions.

G. Domokos; Andrea Erdas; S. Kovesi-Domokos

2002-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

178

Magnetic response to applied electrostatic field in external magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show, within QED and other possible nonlinear theories, that a static charge localized in a finite domain of space becomes a magnetic dipole, if it is placed in an external (constant and homogeneous) magnetic field in the vacuum. The magnetic moment is quadratic in the charge, depends on its size and is parallel to the external field, provided the charge distribution is at least cylindrically symmetric. This magneto-electric effect is a nonlinear response of the magnetized vacuum to an applied electrostatic field. Referring to a simple example of a spherically-symmetric applied field, the nonlinearly induced current and its magnetic field are found explicitly throughout the space, the pattern of lines of force is depicted, both inside and outside the charge, which resembles that of a standard solenoid of classical magnetostatics.

T. C. Adorno; D. M. Gitman; A. E. Shabad

2013-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

179

Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Coso geothermal area, California, has produced hot water and steam for electricity generation for more than 20 years, during which time there has been a substantial amount of microearthquake activity in the area. Seismicity is monitored by a high-quality permanent network of 16 three-component digital borehole seismometers operated by the US Navy and supplemented by a ~ 14-station portable array of surface three-component digital instruments. The portable stations improve focal sphere coverage, providing seismic-wave polarity and amplitude data sets sufficient for

180

Classifying North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Tracks by Mass Moments*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for classifying tropical cyclones or similar features is introduced. The cyclone track is considered as an open spatial curve, with the wind speed or power information along the curve considered to be a mass attribute. The first and second moments of the resulting object are computed and then used to classify the historical tracks using standard clustering algorithms. Mass moments allow the whole track shape, length, and location to be incorporated into the clustering methodology. Tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic basin are clustered with K-means by mass moments, producing an optimum of six clusters with differing genesis locations, track shapes, intensities, life spans, landfalls, seasonal patterns, and trends. Even variables that are not directly clustered show distinct separation between clusters. A trend analysis confirms recent conclusions of increasing tropical cyclones in the basin over the past two decades. However, the trends vary across clusters. 1.

Yochanan Kushnir; Suzana; J. Camargo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry  

SciTech Connect

We present a measurement of the like-sign dimuon asymmetry in semileptonic b-hadron decays, performed using 6.1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions recorded with the D0 detector at a center-of-mass energy {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. This measured value is A{sub sl}{sup b} = [-0.957 {+-} 0.251 (stat) {+-} 0.146 (syst)] %, which disagrees with the Standard Model prediction at a statistical level of 3.2 {sigma}, and provides the first evidence of anomalous CP violation in the mixing of neutral B mesons.

Williams, M.R.J.; /Lancaster U.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Anomalous Soft Photons Associated with Hadron Production in String Fragmentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The bosonized QCD2+QED2 system for quarks with two flavors contains QCD2 and QED2 bound states, with an isoscalar photon at about 25 MeV and an isovector (I=1 J_{3}=0) photon at about 44 MeV. Consequently, when a quark and antiquark at the two ends of a string pulls apart from each other at high energies, hadrons and soft photons will be produced simultaneously in the fragmentation of the string. The production of the QED2 soft photons in association with hadrons may explain the anomalous soft photon data in hadron-hadron collisions and e^{+}-e^{-} annihilations at high energies.

Wong, Cheuk-Yin [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Measuring moment of inertia based on identification of nonlinear system featuring naught excitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For large ammunitions and spacecrafts, friction moment and air resistance are major error resources in measuring moment of inertia (MOI). The paper proposes a novel measurement method based on compound pendulum, in which the whole measurement is considered ... Keywords: Naught excitation, air resistance, compound pendulum, friction moment, moment of inertia, nonlinear system, system identification

Wen Hou

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Anomalous effects due to the inertial anti-gravitational potential of the sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is introduced inertial anti-gravitational potential into the theory of gravity to stop gravitational collapse at the nuclear density and thus prevent singularities. It is considered effective gravity which includes Newtonian potential and inertial anti-gravitational potential. It is investigated footprints of the effective gravity in the solar system. The inertial anti-gravitational potential of the sun allows to explain the anomalous acceleration of Pioneer 10 and 11, the anomalous increase in the lunar semi-major axis, the residuals of the seasonal variation of the proper angular velocity of the earth, the anomalous increase of the Astronomical Unit, the anomalous shift of the perihelion of mercury.

D. L. Khokhlov

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Anomalous Small-angle Scattering with Soft X-rays at Al and Si K ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous Small-angle Scattering with Soft X-rays at Al and Si K Absorption ... and Cooling Cycles in a High Strength Quenched and Tempered Structural Steel.

186

Evidence of a barrier oxidation dependence on the interfacialmagnetism in co/alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions  

SciTech Connect

Soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism at the Co L{sub 2,3} edge have been applied to explore the near-interfacial magnetism of Co electrodes in Co/alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions. By taking into account the formation of CoO at the FM/barrier interface, the change in the total magnetic moment on metallic Co atoms as a function of barrier oxidation has been determined. The results demonstrate a strong correlation between the Co moments and measured TMR values, and an enhancement in the Co moments for moderate oxidation times.

Telling, N.D.; van der Laan, G.; Ladak, S.; Hicken, R.J.; Arenholz, E.

2005-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

187

Quantized magnetic flux through the orbits of hydrogen-like atoms within the atomic model of Sommerfeld  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the Sommerfeld atomic model the quantization of magnetic flux through the electronic orbits is investigated together with its dependency on additional sources of magnetic fields. These sources alter the magnetic flux through the atomic orbits and in consequence are causing energy shifts. This effect is investigated for the cases, where the source is an external magnetic field, the magnetic moment of the nucleus or the magnetic moment of the electron. The energy shifts due to external magnetic fields, the magnetic dipole contribution of the hyperfine splitting and the spin-orbit coupling can be reproduced very well. The meaning of 'spin', however, changes within this approach drastically. The unusual Land\\'e g-factor of 2 for the electron is a result of the orbital motion and the magnetic moment of the electron rather than it is an intrinsic property of the electron.

W. -D. R. Stein

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

188

Anomalous diffusion and scaling in coupled stochastic processes  

SciTech Connect

Inspired by problems in biochemical kinetics, we study statistical properties of an overdamped Langevin processes with the friction coefficient depending on the state of a similar, unobserved, process. Integrating out the latter, we derive the Pocker-Planck the friction coefficient of the first depends on the state of the second. Integrating out the latter, we derive the Focker-Planck equation for the probability distribution of the former. This has the fonn of diffusion equation with time-dependent diffusion coefficient, resulting in an anomalous diffusion. The diffusion exponent can not be predicted using a simple scaling argument, and anomalous scaling appears as well. The diffusion exponent of the Weiss-Havlin comb model is derived as a special case, and the same exponent holds even for weakly coupled processes. We compare our theoretical predictions with numerical simulations and find an excellent agreement. The findings caution against treating biochemical systems with unobserved dynamical degrees of freedom by means of standandard, diffusive Langevin descritpion.

Bel, Golan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nemenman, Ilya [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental investigation of possible anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube named E-Cat HT is carried out. The reactor tube is charged with a small amount of hydrogen loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils inside the reactor tube. Measurement of the produced heat was performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras, recording data every second from the hot reactor tube. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected in two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively. An anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments. The 116-hour experiment also included a calibration of the experimental set-up without the active charge present in the E-Cat HT. In this case, no extra heat was generated beyond the expected heat from the electric input. Computed volumetric and gravimetric energy densities were found to be far above those of any known chemical source. Even by the most conservative assumptions as to the errors in the measurements, the result is still one order of magnitude greater than conventional energy sources.

Giuseppe Levi; Evelyn Foschi; Torbjörn Hartman; Bo Höistad; Roland Pettersson; Lars Tegnér; Hanno Essén

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

190

Some Aspects of Rotational and Magnetic Energies for a Hierarchy of Celestial Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Celestial objects, from earth like planets to clusters of galaxies, possess angular momentum and magnetic fields. Here we compare the rotational and magnetic energies of a whole range of these celestial objects together with their gravitational self energies and find a number of interesting relationships. The celestial objects, due to their magnetic fields, also posses magnetic moments. The ratio of magnetic moments of these objects with the nuclear magnetic moments also exhibits interesting trends. We also compare their gyromagnetic ratio which appears to fall in a very narrow range for the entire hierarchy of objects. Here we try to understand the physical aspects implied by these observations and the origin of these properties in such a wide range of celestial objects, spanning some twenty orders in mass, magnetic field and other parameters.

Sivaram, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Second moment method for a family of boolean CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The estimation of phase transitions in random boolean Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP) is based on two fundamental tools: the first and second moment methods. While the first moment method on the number of solutions permits to compute upper bounds on any boolean CSP, the second moment method used for computing lower bounds proves to be more tricky and in most cases gives only the trivial lower bound 0. In this paper, we define a subclass of boolean CSP covering the monotone versions of many known NP-Complete boolean CSPs. We give a method for computing non trivial lower bounds for any member of this subclass. This is achieved thanks to an application of the second moment method to some selected solutions called characteristic solutions that depend on the boolean CSP considered. We apply, as an example, this method to establish that the threshold r_{k} of monotone 1-in-k-SAT is \\log k/k\\leq r_{k}\\leq\\log^{2}k/k

Boufkhad, Yacine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

An automatic method for generating affine moment invariants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Affine moment invariants are important if one wants to recognize the surface of a plane in three dimensions when the orientation of the plane is not known beforehand and only two-dimensional information is available. The notion of generating function ... Keywords: Affine invariant, Affine transformation, Generating invariants, Pattern recognition

Jin Liu; Deren Li; Wenbing Tao; Li Yan

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Moment free energies for polydisperse systems Peter Sollich \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Moment free energies for polydisperse systems Peter Sollich \\Lambda Department of Mathematics, King(oe). The free energy depends on all details of ae(oe), making the analysis of phase equilibria in such systems intractable. However, in many (especially mean­field) models the excess free energy only depends on a finite

Sollich, Peter

194

Pion-nucleon bremsstrahlung and. delta. electromagnetic moments  

SciTech Connect

A dynamically consistent, gauge invariant model for ..pi..N bremsstrahlung is developed. The ..pi..N dynamics are described through an isobar model fit to the experimental phase shifts. The charge and current operators are constructed in a gauge invariant fashion and include contributions from interaction currents at the ..pi..N..delta.. vertices and from the bare ..delta.. electromagnetic moments. The meaning of such moments for an unstable particle is discussed in detail. From a fit to the ..pi../sup +/p bremsstrahlung data, we extract a dipole moment for the bare ..delta../sup ++/ in the range ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =//..mu../sub p/approx. =2.5 to 3.5; if the contributions from internal pion and nucleon currents are included, this ratio is somewhat smaller. The ..pi../sup -/p bremsstrahlung data are consistent with a broad range of values for ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =/, including ..mu../sub ..delta..//sub =/ = 0. The ..delta.. quadrupole moment cannot be extracted meaningfully from the data. We discuss the sensitivity of the extracted values of ..mu../sub ..delta../ to the off-shell extension of the ..pi..N scattering amplitude. The polarization asymmetry is found to be sensitive to ..mu../sub ..delta../ while being less sensitive to off-shell scattering.

Heller, L.; Kumano, S.; Martinez, J.C.; Moniz, E.J.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Capturing 'in the moment' creativity through data triangulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a first attempt at capturing 'in the moment' creativity (ITMC) through a triangulation self-report techniques, external judges, and physiological measures. In our study, participants were asked to sketch for 30 minutes while wearing GSR and ... Keywords: creativity, eeg, gsr, physiology, self-report

Erin A. Carroll; Celine Latulipe

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Degenerate flag varieties: moment graphs and Schröder numbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study geometric and combinatorial properties of the degenerate flag varieties of type A. These varieties are acted upon by the automorphism group of a certain representation of a type A quiver, containing a maximal torus T. Using the group ... Keywords: Flag varieties, Moment graphs, Quiver Grassmannians, Schröder numbers

Giovanni Cerulli Irelli; Evgeny Feigin; Markus Reineke

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Dipole Moment Bounds on Scalar Dark Matter Annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a scalar dark matter annihilations to light leptons mediated by charged exotic fermions. The interaction of this model also adds a correction to dipole moments of light leptons. In the simplified model, these processes will depend upon the same coupling constants. The tight experimental bounds on the dipole moments of light leptons will constrain the coupling constants. Consequently, this bound will then limit the annihilations. We will produce this dipole moment bounds on the annihilation. From this analysis, we report that the bound on annihilation to the electrons is $4.0\\times10^{-7}\\pb$ (g-2) + $8.8\\times 10^{-15}\\pb$ (EDM) and the muons is $5.6\\times 10^{-4}\\pb$ (g-2) + $180\\pb$ (EDM), in the limit where the mediator is much heavier than dark matter. The parentheses indicate the dipole moment used to obtain the values. We note that only the annihilation to muons through a CP-violating (EDM) coupling is not excluded from indirect detection experiments.

Keita Fukushima

2013-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Effective equations for the quantum pendulum from momentous quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect

In this work we study the quantum pendulum within the framework of momentous quantum mechanics. This description replaces the Schroedinger equation for the quantum evolution of the system with an infinite set of classical equations for expectation values of configuration variables, and quantum dispersions. We solve numerically the effective equations up to the second order, and describe its evolution.

Hernandez, Hector H.; Chacon-Acosta, Guillermo [Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Ingenieria, Nuevo Campus Universitario, Chihuahua 31125 (Mexico); Departamento de Matematicas Aplicadas y Sistemas, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Cuajimalpa, Artificios 40, Mexico D. F. 01120 (Mexico)

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

199

Numerical calculation of the moments of the population balance equation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The combined CFD-PBM (population balance models) are computationally intensive, so a possibility is to calculate only a few moments of the probability density function (PDF) of the PBM minimizing the computational costs. However, this formulation results ... Keywords: least squares method, population balance equation, quadrature approximation

C. A. Dorao; H. A. Jakobsen

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Anomalous Heat Conduction in One-Dimensional Momentum-Conserving Systems Onuttom Narayan1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalous Heat Conduction in One-Dimensional Momentum-Conserving Systems Onuttom Narayan1 will obey Fourier's law of conduction j ÿrT; (1) where T is the local temperature and is the heat con but not divergent conduc- tivity [3].) Recently, it has been argued [9] that such anomalous heat conduction occurs

California at Santa Cruz, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Anomalous evolution of Ar metastable density with electron density in high density Ar discharge  

SciTech Connect

Recently, an anomalous evolution of argon metastable density with plasma discharge power (electron density) was reported [A. M. Daltrini, S. A. Moshkalev, T. J. Morgan, R. B. Piejak, and W. G. Graham, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061504 (2008)]. Although the importance of the metastable atom and its density has been reported in a lot of literature, however, a basic physics behind the anomalous evolution of metastable density has not been clearly understood yet. In this study, we investigated a simple global model to elucidate the underlying physics of the anomalous evolution of argon metastable density with the electron density. On the basis of the proposed simple model, we reproduced the anomalous evolution of the metastable density and disclosed the detailed physics for the anomalous result. Drastic changes of dominant mechanisms for the population and depopulation processes of Ar metastable atoms with electron density, which take place even in relatively low electron density regime, is the clue to understand the result.

Park, Min; Chang, Hong-Young [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); You, Shin-Jae; Kim, Jung-Hyung [Center for Vacuum Technology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon, 305-306 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Yong-Hyeon

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

203

Fast switching NMR system for measurements of ground-state quadrupole moments of short-lived nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A beta-ray detecting nuclear quadrupole resonance system has been developed at NSCL/MSU to measure ground-state electric quadrupole moments of short-lived nuclei produced as fast rare isotope beams. This system enables quick and sequential application of multiple transition frequencies over a wide range. Fast switching between variable capacitors in resonance circuits ensures sufficient power delivery to the coil in the beta-ray detecting nuclear magnetic resonance technique. The fast switching technique enhances detection efficiency of resonance signals and is especially useful when the polarization and/or production rate of the nucleus of interest are small and when the nuclear spin is large.

K. Minamisono; R. R. Weerasiri; H. L. Crawford; P. F. Mantica; K. Matsuta; T. Minamisono; J. S. Pinter; J. B. Stoker

2008-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

204

Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We measure the charge asymmetry A of like-sign dimuon events in 6.1 fb{sup -1} of pp collisions recorded with the D0 detector at a center-of-mass energy {radical}(s)=1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. From A, we extract the like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry in semileptonic b-hadron decays: A{sub sl}{sup b}=-0.00957{+-}0.00251 (stat){+-}0.00146 (syst). This result differs by 3.2 standard deviations from the standard model prediction A{sub sl}{sup b}(SM)=(-2.3{sub -0.6}{sup +0.5})x10{sup -4} and provides first evidence of anomalous CP violation in the mixing of neutral B mesons.

Abazov, V. M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Golovanov, G.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Malyshev, V. L.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Yatsunenko, Y. A. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Abbott, B.; Gutierrez, P.; Hossain, S.; Severini, H.; Skubic, P.; Strauss, M. [University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Abolins, M.; Benitez, J. A.; Brock, R.; Edmunds, D.; Fisher, W.; Hall, I. [Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry  

SciTech Connect

The D0 Collaboration has recently measured the charge asymmetry of same-sign dimuon events in 6.1 fb{sup -1} of data collected in p{bar p} collisions at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. This allows the extraction of the same-sign dimuon charge asymmetry in semileptonic b-hadron decays, which is predicted to be extremely small in the standard model. The result is found to differ by 3.2 standard deviations from the standard model value, providing the first evidence for anomalous CP-violation in the mixing of neutral B mesons. The analysis, and the method used to extract the result are described in detail.

Brooijmans, Gustaaf; /Columbia U.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

The restaurant at the end of the random walk: recent developments in the description of anomalous transport by fractional dynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The restaurant at the end of the random walk: recent developments in the description of anomalous transport by fractional dynamics.

Metzler, R

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

How to Turn Carbon into A Magnet? X-rays and Protons Give the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the sample using computer software. figure 2 Figure 2: A carbon film is hit by a high-energy proton beam, causing the magnetic moments of the atoms to align around the beam...

208

Simple correlations between electric quadrupole moments of atomic nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Measurements of non-yrast electric quadrupole moments (i.e., diagonal E2 matrix elements) of atomic nuclei are becoming widely available from multiple-step Coulomb excitation. It is shown that, where quadrupole-moment data exist, $\\langle 2_1^+ ||E2|| 2_1^+ \\rangle+\\langle 2_2^+ ||E2|| 2_2^+ \\rangle\\approx 0$ is observed across a wide range of masses and deformations. In addition, $\\langle 4_1^+ ||E2|| 4_1^+ \\rangle+\\langle 4_2^+ ||E2|| 4_2^+ \\rangle+\\langle 4_3^+ ||E2|| 4_3^+ \\rangle\\approx 0$ is observed within two standard deviations for three of the four existing measurements. Rotor models appear to be sufficient in describing these trends.

Allmond, James M [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

End effects on elbows subjected to moment loadings  

SciTech Connect

So-called ''end effects'' for moment loadings on short-radius and long-radius butt welding elbows of various arc lengths are investigated with a view toward providing more accurate design formulas for critical piping systems. Data developed in this study, along with published information, were used to develop relatively simple design equations for elbows attached at both ends to long sections of straight pipe. These formulas are the basis for an alternate ASME Code procedure for evaluating the bending moment stresses in Class 1 nuclear piping (ASME Code Case N-319). The more complicated problems of elbows with other end conditions, e.g., flanges at one or both ends, are also considered. Comparisons of recently published experimental and theoretical studies with current industrial code design rules for these situations indicate that these rules also need to be improved.

Rodabaugh, E.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

End effects on elbows subjected to moment loadings. [PWR; BWR  

SciTech Connect

So-called end effects for moment loadings on short-radius and long-radius butt welding elbows of various arc lengths are investigated with a view toward providing more accurate design formulas for critical piping systems. Data developed in this study, along with published information, were used to develop relatively simple design equations for elbows attached at both ends to long sections of straight pipe. These formulas are the basis for an alternate ASME Code procedure for evaluating the bending moment stresses in Class 1 nuclear piping (ASME Code Case N-319). The more complicated problems of elbows with other end conditions, e.g., flanges at one or both ends, are also considered. Comparisons of recently published experimental and theoretical studies with current industrial code design rules for these situations indicate that these rules also need to be improved.

Rodabaugh, E.C.; Moore, S.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Higher moments of net-proton multiplicity distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Higher moments of event-by-event net-proton multiplicity distributions have been applied to search for the QCD critical point. Model results are used to provide a baseline for this search. The measured moment products, {kappa}{sigma}{sup 2} and S{sigma} of net-proton distributions, which are directly connected to the thermodynamical baryon number susceptibility ratio in Lattice QCD and Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) model, are compared to the transport and thermal model results. We argue that a non-monotonic dependence of {kappa}{sigma}{sup 2} and S{sigma} as a function of beam energy can be used to search for the QCD critical point.

Luo Xiaofeng, E-mail: xfluo@lbl.gov [Central China Normal University, Institute of Particle Physics (China); Mohanty, Bedangadas [Variable Energy Cyclotron Center (India); Ritter, Hans Georg; Xu Nu [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Momentive Performance Materials Inc MPM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Momentive Performance Materials Inc MPM Momentive Performance Materials Inc MPM Jump to: navigation, search Name Momentive Performance Materials Inc (MPM) Place Albany, New York Zip 12211 Product New York-based subsidiary that operates in two segments namely silicones and quartz. These versatile materials help enable new developments across industrial and consumer applications. Coordinates 42.707237°, -89.436378° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.707237,"lon":-89.436378,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

213

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

214

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

215

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

216

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of impaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

217

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

218

Low-temperature magnetization of (Ga,Mn) As semiconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on a comprehensive study of the ferromagnetic moment per Mn atom in (Ga,Mn)As ferromagnetic semiconductors. Theoretical discussion is based on microscopic calculations and on an effective model of Mn local moments antiferromagnetically coupled to valence band hole spins. The validity of the effective model over the range of doping studied is assessed by comparing with microscopic tight-binding/coherent-potential approximation calculations. Using the virtual crystal k center dot p model for hole states, we evaluate the zero-temperature mean-field contributions to the magnetization from the hole kinetic and exchange energies, and magnetization suppression due to quantum fluctuations of Mn moment orientations around their mean-field ground state values. Experimental low-temperature ferromagnetic moments per Mn are obtained by superconducting quantum interference device and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements in a series of (Ga,Mn)As semiconductors with nominal Mn doping ranging from similar to 2 to 8%. Hall measurements in as-grown and annealed samples are used to estimate the number of uncompensated substitutional Mn moments. Based on our comparison between experiment and theory we conclude that all these Mn moments in high quality (Ga,Mn)As materials have nearly parallel ground state alignment.

Jungwirth, T.; Masek, J.; Wang, KY; Edmonds, KW; Sawicki, M.; Polini, M.; Sinova, Jairo; MacDonald, AH; Campion, RP; Zhao, LX; Farley, NRS; Johal, TK; van der Laan, G.; Foxon, CT; Gallagher, BL.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

L-Moment Estimators as Applied to Gamma Drop Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The traditional approach with experimental raindrop size data has been to use the method of moments in the fitting procedure to estimate the parameters for the raindrop size distribution function. However, the moment method is known to be biased ...

Donna V. Kliche; Paul L. Smith; Roger W. Johnson

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Speeding Up the Computation of WRF Double Moment 6-Class Microphysics Scheme with GPU  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Double Moment 6-class (WDM6) microphysics scheme implements a double moment bulk microphysical parameterization of clouds and precipitation and is applicable in mesoscale and general circulation models. WDM6 ...

J. Mielikainen; B. Huang; H.-L. A. Huang; M. D. Goldberg; A. Mehta

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

222

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

223

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

224

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

225

Impact of motion along the field direction on geometric-phase-induced false electric dipole moment signals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geometric-phase-induced false electric dipole moment (EDM) signals, resulting from interference between magnetic field gradients and particle motion in electric fields, have been studied extensively in the literature, especially for neutron EDM experiments utilizing stored ultracold neutrons and co-magnetometer atoms. Previous studies have considered particle motion in the transverse plane perpendicular to the direction of the applied electric and magnetic fields. We show, via Monte Carlo studies, that motion along the field direction can impact the magnitude of this false EDM signal if the wall surfaces are rough such that the wall collisions can be modeled as diffuse, with the results dependent on the size of the storage cell's dimension along the field direction.

H. Yan; B. Plaster

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

226

Disentangling the Mn moments on different sublattices in the half-metallic ferrimagnet Mn3?xCoxGa  

SciTech Connect

Ferrimagnetic Mn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x}Ga compounds have been investigated by magnetic circular dichroism in x-ray absorption (XMCD). Compounds with x > 0.5 crystallize in the CuHg{sub 2}Ti structure. A tetragonal distortion of the cubic structure occurs for x {le} 0.5. For the cubic phase, magnetometry reveals a linearly increasing magnetization of 2x Bohr magnetons per formula unit obeying the generalized Slater-Pauling rule. XMCD confirms the ferrimagnetic character with Mn atoms occupying two different sublattices with antiparallel spin orientation and different degrees of spin localization and identifies the region 0.6 < x {le} 0.8 as most promising for a high spin polarization at the Fermi level. Individual Mn moments on inequivalent sites are compared to theoretical predictions.

Klaer, P.; Jenkins, C.A.; Alijani, V.; Winterlik, J.; Balke, B.; Felser, C.; Elmers, H.J.

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

227

A high order moment method simulating evaporation and advection of a polydisperse liquid spray  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we tackle the modeling and numerical simulation of sprays and aerosols, that is dilute gas-droplet flows for which polydispersity description is of paramount importance. Starting from a kinetic description for point particles experiencing ... Keywords: Aerosols, Canonical moments, Eulerian multi-fluid model, High order moment method, Kinetic finite volume schemes, Maximum entropy reconstruction, Moment space, Polydisperse sprays

D. Kah; F. Laurent; M. Massot; S. Jay

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Experimental comparison of orthogonal moments as feature extraction methods for character recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The selection of a good feature extraction technique is very important in any classification problem. Moments, especially orthogonal moments, seem to be a powerful option in the case of digital image compression, description and recognition. Nowadays, ... Keywords: character recognition, feature extraction, orthogonal moments

Miguel A. Duval; Sandro Vega-Pons; Eduardo Garea

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Magnetic monopoles and dipoles in quantum mechanics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The force on and the energy of a ''di-monopole'', which is the limiting case of a dipole made from two monopoles at zero separation and finite magnetic moment, interacting with an externally fixed magnetic field resulting from an electric current, is considered. A model involving only a monopole is used to illustrate the physical principles involved when magnetic sources move in a solenoidal field whose source is an electric current. The problems encountered in Hamiltonian theory are discussed. 5 refs., 3 figs. (LEW)

Lipkin, H.J.; Peshkin, M.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Quadrupole moments of rotating neutron stars and strange stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results for models of neutron stars and strange stars constructed using the Hartle-Thorne slow-rotation method with a wide range of equations of state, focusing on the values obtained for the angular momentum $J$ and the quadrupole moment $Q$, when the gravitational mass $M$ and the rotational frequency $\\Omega$ are specified. Building on previous work, which showed surprising uniformity in the behaviour of the moment of inertia for neutron-star models constructed with widely-different equations of state, we find similar uniformity for the quadrupole moment. These two quantities, together with the mass, are fundamental for determining the vacuum space-time outside neutron stars. We study particularly the dimensionless combination of parameters $QM/J^2$ (using units for which $c=G=1$). This quantity goes to 1 in the case of a Kerr-metric black hole and deviations away from 1 then characterize the difference between neutron-star and black-hole space-times. It is found that $QM/J^2$ for both neutron stars and strange stars decreases with increasing mass, for a given equation of state, reaching a value of around 2 (or even less) for maximum-mass models, meaning that their external space-time is then rather well approximated by the Kerr metric. If $QM/J^2$ is plotter against compactness $R/2M$ (where $R$ is the radius), it is found that the relationship is nearly unique for neutron-star models, independent of the equation of state, while it is significantly different for strange stars. This gives a new way of possibly distinguishing between them.

Martin Urbanec; John C. Miller; Zdenek Stuchlik

2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

231

Anomalous orebody within the Ambrosia Lake trend at Sandstone Mine  

SciTech Connect

The Sandstone Mine contains an anomalous orebody that lacks the characteristic coloring and high gamma-ray expression typically associated with uranium ore in the Ambrosia Lake district. The orebody occurs at the downdip edge of a tongue of hematitic sand in the basal sand unit of the Westwater Canyon Member of the Morrison Formation. The orebody ranges from white to light gray in color. Preliminary analysis indicates the presence of uranophane (Ca(UO/sub 2/)/sub 2/SiO/sub 3/(OH)/sub 2/.5H/sub 2/O), evidently altered from coffinite, which is the predominant uranium mineral in the district. Equivalent U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ indicates that this orebody is relatively recent. Oxidizing meteoric water, which formed a geochemical cell, remobilized uranium minerals in preexisting trend orebodies and deposited the uranium downdip of the furthest extent of this cell. Post-Dakota deformation influenced the course of the migrating meteoric water and the extent of the redox interface controlling the orebody. As sampling and mining lower grades of uranium becomes increasingly more economical, the potential for unknown reserves adjacent to the redox interface should not be overlooked.

Foster, J.F.; Quintanar, R.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Quantum mechanics in fractional and other anomalous spacetimes  

SciTech Connect

We formulate quantum mechanics in spacetimes with real-order fractional geometry and more general factorizable measures. In spacetimes where coordinates and momenta span the whole real line, Heisenberg's principle is proven and the wave-functions minimizing the uncertainty are found. In spite of the fact that ordinary time and spatial translations are broken and the dynamics is not unitary, the theory is in one-to-one correspondence with a unitary one, thus allowing us to employ standard tools of analysis. These features are illustrated in the examples of the free particle and the harmonic oscillator. While fractional (and the more general anomalous-spacetime) free models are formally indistinguishable from ordinary ones at the classical level, at the quantum level they differ both in the Hilbert space and for a topological term fixing the classical action in the path integral formulation. Thus, all non-unitarity in fractional quantum dynamics is encoded in a contribution depending only on the initial and final states.

Calcagni, Gianluca [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Nardelli, Giuseppe [Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica, Universita Cattolica, via Musei 41, 25121 Brescia (Italy); INFN Gruppo Collegato di Trento, Universita di Trento, 38100 Povo (Trento) (Italy); Scalisi, Marco [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Anomalous North Pacific Atmospheric Circulation and Large Winter Floods in the Southwestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Specific anomalous atmospheric circulation conditions over the North Pacific are conducive to the occurrence of the largest winter floods (?10-yr return period) on rivers in six hydroclimatic subregions of Arizona and southern Utah, Nevada, and ...

Lisa L. Ely; Yehouda Enzel; Daniel R. Cayan

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Regional Weather Patterns during Anomalous Air–Sea Fluxes at the Kuroshio Extension Observatory (KEO)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The weather patterns during periods of anomalous surface fluxes in the Kuroshio recirculation gyre of the western North Pacific are documented. Separate analyses are carried out for the cold season (October– March) when the net surface heat flux ...

Nicholas A. Bond; Meghan F. Cronin

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Nature of the Soft Gamma Repeaters and Anomalous X-ray Pulsars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I summarize recent developments in the magnetar model of the Soft Gamma Repeaters and Anomalous X-ray Pulsars, give a critical inventory of alternative models for the AXPs, and outline the improved diagnostics expected from present observational efforts.

Christopher Thompson

2001-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

236

The Absorption of Solar Radiation by Cloud Droplets: An Application of Anomalous Diffraction Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we demonstrate that the anomalous diffraction theory of van de Hulst with some modifications, provides a reasonable approximation of the volume extinction and absorption coefficients. We also show how the shortwave radiative ...

Steven A. Ackerman; Graeme L. Stephens

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Impact of Anomalous Ocean Heat Transport on the North Atlantic Oscillation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coupled atmosphere–ocean dynamics in the North Atlantic is studied by means of a simple model, featuring a baroclinic three-dimensional atmosphere coupled to a slab ocean. Anomalous oceanic heat transport due to wind-driven circulation is ...

Fabio D’Andrea; Arnaud Czaja; John Marshall

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Objective Identification of Echoes Due to Anomalous Propagation in Weather Radar Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Serious contamination of weather radar data can occur in atmospheric conditions that cause anomalous propagation of the radar beam. Excessive downward refraction of the beam may be sufficient to cause ground returns (“anaprop”), which may be ...

J. A. Pamment; B. J. Conway

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Anomalous Near-Field Heat Transfer between a Cylinder and a Perforated Surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We predict that the near-field radiative heat-transfer rate between a cylinder and a perforated surface depends nonmonotonically on their separation. This anomalous behavior, which arises due to evanescent-wave effects, ...

Rodriguez-Wong, Alejandro

240

Coexistence and efficiency of normal and anomalous transport by molecular motors in living cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent experiments reveal both passive subdiffusion of various nanoparticles and anomalous active transport of such particles by molecular motors in the molecularly crowded environment of living biological cells. Passive and active microrheology reveals that the origin of this anomalous dynamics is due to the viscoelasticity of the intracellular fluid. How do molecular motors perform in such a highly viscous, dissipative environment? Can we explain the observed co-existence of the anomalous transport of relatively large particles of 100 to 500 nm in size by kinesin motors with the normal transport of smaller particles by the same molecular motors? What is the efficiency of molecular motors in the anomalous transport regime? Here we answer these seemingly conflicting questions and consistently explain experimental findings in a generalization of the well-known continuous diffusion model for molecular motors with two conformational states in which viscoelastic effects are included.

Igor Goychuk; Vasyl O. Kharchenko; R. Metzler

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Forward physics with tagged protons at the LHC: QCD and anomalous couplings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present some physics topics that can be studied at the LHC using proton tagging. We distinguish the QCD (Pomeron structure, BFKL analysis...) from the exploratory physics topics (HIggs boson, anomalous couplings between photons and $W/Z$ bosons

Royon, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Physics with tagged protons at the LHC: understanding the Pomeron structure and anomalous coupling studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe different physics topics which can be performed at the LHC using tagged intact protons, namely a better understanding of the Pomeron structure in terms of quarks and gluons, and the serach for quartic anomalous couplings.

Royon, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Deducing Anomalous Wave Source Regions during the Life Cycles of Persistent Flow Anomalies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous wave source regions are identified during the life cycles of persistent flow anomalies occurring over the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans during boreal winter. These cases project strongly upon the Pacific–North American and ...

Robert X. Black

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The Statistics and Horizontal Structure of Anomalous Weather Regimes in the Community Climate Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The statistics, horizontal structure, and linear barotropic dynamics of anomalous weather regimes are evaluated in a 15-winter integration of the NCAR Community Climate Model (CCM2). Statistical and ensemble analyses of simulated regimes are ...

Robert X. Black; Katherine J. Evans

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Application of a Bayesian Classifier of Anomalous Propagation to Single-Polarization Radar Reflectivity Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A naïve Bayes classifier (NBC) was developed to distinguish precipitation echoes from anomalous propagation (anaprop). The NBC is an application of Bayes's theorem, which makes its classification decision based on the class with the maximum a ...

Justin R. Peter; Alan Seed; Peter J. Steinle

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Moments of the transmission eigenvalues, proper delay times and random matrix theory I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a method to compute the moments of the eigenvalue densities of matrices in the Gaussian, Laguerre and Jacobi ensembles for all the symmetry classes beta = 1,2, 4 and finite matrix dimension n. The moments of the Jacobi ensembles have a physical interpretation as the moments of the transmission eigenvalues of an electron through a quantum dot with chaotic dynamics. For the Laguerre ensemble we also evaluate the finite n negative moments. Physically, they correspond to the moments of the proper delay times, which are the eigenvalues of the Wigner-Smith matrix. Our formulae are well suited to an asymptotic analysis as n -> infinity.

F. Mezzadri; N. J. Simm

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

247

Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets - Argonne National Laboratories,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets By Joseph Bernstein * October 11, 2012 The behavior of magnetic moments in metal oxides such as layered iridium is dominated by strong spin-orbit coupling effects. In layered compounds such as Sr3Ir2O7 (shown on the left), the direction of these moments (blue arrows) is controlled at the quantum level by dipolar interactions that are akin to those of classical bar magnets. Another outcome is an unprecedented 'magnon gap' (shown at right), which was measured at the Argonne Advanced Photon Source and reveals that these underlying dipolar magnetic interactions are extremely strong. Current electronic devices depend on manipulating charge. Alternative approaches may rely on not only charge but also the spin of electrons.

248

Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Metal-Doped BN Sheet: A First-Principles Study  

SciTech Connect

Electronic and magnetic properties of BN sheet doped with 3d transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni) have been investigated using ab initio calculations. Our calculations show many interesting physical properties in metal-doped BN sheet. Fe-doped BN sheet is a half-metal with the magnetic moment of 2.0 ?B, and Co-doped BN sheet becomes a narrow-gap semiconductor with the magnetic moment of 1.0 ?B. However, no magnetic moment is induced on Ni-doped BN sheet, which has the same band gap as pristine BN sheet. Furthermore, Fe atom is easy to form isolated particle on BN sheet, while Ni and Co atoms are likely to form sheet-supported metal nanotemplate. These results are useful for spintronics application and could help in the development of magnetic nanotructures and metallic nanotemplate at room temperature.

Zhou, Yungang; Xiao-Dong, J.; Wang, Zhiguo; Xiao, Haiyan Y.; Gao, Fei; Zu, Xiaotao T.

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

magnet technology has allowed physicists to attain higher energies in circular accelerators. One can obtain higher magnetic fields because there is no resistance in a...

250

Nonlinear stability of magnetic islands in a rotating helical plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coexistence of the forced magnetic reconnection by a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) and the curvature-driven tearing mode is investigated in a helical (stellarator) plasma rotated by helical trapped particle-induced neoclassical flows. A set of Rutherford-type equations of rotating magnetic islands and a poloidal flow evolution equation is revisited. Using the model, analytical expressions of criteria of spontaneous shrinkage (self-healing) of magnetic islands and sudden growth of locked magnetic islands (penetration of RMP) are obtained, where nonlinear saturation states of islands show bifurcation structures and hysteresis characteristics. Considering radial profile of poloidal flows across magnetic islands, it is found that the self-healing is driven by neoclassical viscosity even in the absence of micro-turbulence-induced anomalous viscosity. Effects of unfavorable curvature in stellarators are found to modify the critical values. The scalings of criteria are consistent with low-{beta} experiments in the large helical device.

Nishimura, S.; Toda, S.; Narushima, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Yagi, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Rokkasho, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Anomalous X-ray Diffraction Studies for Photovoltaic Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Anomalous X-ray Diffraction (AXRD) has become a useful technique in characterizing bulk and nanomaterials as it provides specific information about the crystal structure of materials. In this project we present the results of AXRD applied to materials for photovoltaic applications: ZnO loaded with Ga and ZnCo{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel. The X-ray diffraction data collected for various energies were plotted in Origin software. The peaks were fitted using different functions including Pseudo Voigt, Gaussian, and Lorentzian. This fitting provided the integrated intensity data (peaks area values), which when plotted as a function of X-ray energies determined the material structure. For the first analyzed sample, Ga was not incorporated into the ZnO crystal structure. For the ZnCo{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel Co was found in one or both tetrahedral and octahedral sites. The use of anomalous X-ray diffraction (AXRD) provides element and site specific information for the crystal structure of a material. This technique lets us correlate the structure to the electronic properties of the materials as it allows us to probe precise locations of cations in the spinel structure. What makes it possible is that in AXRD the diffraction pattern is measured at a number of energies near an X-ray absorption edge of an element of interest. The atomic scattering strength of an element varies near its absorption edge and hence the total intensity of the diffraction peak changes by changing the X-ray energy. Thus AXRD provides element specific structural information. This method can be applied to both crystalline and liquid materials. One of the advantages of AXRD in crystallography experiments is its sensitivity to neighboring elements in the periodic tables. This method is also sensitive to specific crystallographic phases and to a specific site in a phase. The main use of AXRD in this study is for transparent conductors (TCs) analysis. TCs are considered to be important materials because of their efficiency and low risk of environmental pollution. These materials are important to solar cells as a result of their remarkable combination of optical and electrical properties, including high electrical conductivity and high optical transparency in the spectrum of visible light. TCs provide a transparent window, which allows sunlight to pass through while also allowing electricity to conduct out of the cell. Spinel materials have the chemical form AB{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and are made of a face-centered cubic (FCC) lattice of oxygen anions and cations in specific interstitial sites. A normal spinel has all A cations on tetrahedral sites and B cations on octahedral sites. In contrast; an inverse spinel has the A and half of the B cations on octahedral sites and the other half of the B cations on tetrahedral sites; a mixed spinel lies between. In the spinel structure, 8 of 64 possible tetrahedral sites and 16 of 32 possible octahedral sites are filled. Normal spinels have particularly high conduction as the linear octahedral chains of B cations likely serve as conduction paths. In this paper we present how the data obtained with AXRD is used to analyze TCs properties as they apply to photovoltaic applications. One of the materials used for this analysis is zinc oxide. It has been loaded with 5% and 10% of Ga, which has an absorption edge of 10367 eV. The peak (100) was measured for the zinc oxide loaded with 10% Ga. In the case of 5% Ga, we measured peaks (100) and (101). With the information provided by the AXRD we can identify if Ga is being incorporated in the ZnO crystal structure. The analysis of 311 plane in the ZnCo{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel shows if Co is in tetrahedral or octahedral site.

Not Available

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

252

Drift-convective cells in a nonuniform plasma with magnetic shear  

SciTech Connect

The existence of near zero frequency growing modes driven by plasma density and temperature nonuniformities in a sheared magnetic field is demonstrated. These modes are viable candidates for explaining anomalous cross-field transport. It is believed that these modes have been observed in FM-1, when operated in the collisional limit.

Mahajan, S.M.; Guzdar, P.N.; Kaw, P.K.; Oberman, C.

1977-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Investigation of ELM [edge localized mode] Dynamics with the Resonant Magnetic Perturbation Effects  

SciTech Connect

Topics covered are: anomalous transport and E Ã? B flow shear effects in the H-mode pedestal; RMP (resonant magnetic perturbation) effects in NSTX discharges; development of a scaling of H-mode pedestal in tokamak plasmas with type I ELMs (edge localized modes); and divertor heat load studies.

Alexei Y. Pankin; Arnold H. Kritz

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

254

Magnetic and Electronic Properties in Rattling Systems, an Experimental and Theoretical Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for heat regenerators is currently very important due to the amount of wasted heat produced in different human activities. Thermoelectric materials have emerged as a possible solution to the world’s demand and reuse of energy. Recent advances have included the development of materials with tailored phonon properties, including localized "rattling" oscillator modes. In addition a number of interesting physical properties have emerged in rattling systems. This dissertation reports a study of several such systems, experimentally and computationally. Experiments performed include XRD, electron micro-probe, electrical and thermal conductivity, Seebeck coefficient measurements, dc magnetization, dc susceptibility and NMR. In the computational side several ab-initio models have been considered to understand the structural, vibrational and magnetic properties observed in these compounds. Among the studied compounds, the Fe-Al-Zn materials showed interesting magnetic properties combined with anomalous vibrational behavior in a chain geometry. Computational results indicated that the moment is affected by Fe antisites, but also the neighbor configuration contributes to it. Al-V-La is an example of a classical Einstein oscillator material. These properties are related to the existence of loose atoms inside the material. A purely computational study on these materials denoted the existence of two weakly bonded sites. The clathrate structural results from first-principles considerations elucidated the preferred structural configurations in several clathrates. This included Ba-Cu-Ge clathrates, where it was confirmed that the compound follows the Zintl electron counting balance. Also the bonding inside these materials was studied to address the binding of the local-oscillator atoms within the material. For Ba-Ga-Sn clathrates an unusual dimorphism was studied, with both of the two different types of structures investigated. For type-I Ba8Ga16Sn30 the preferred configuration was obtained from NMR lineshape simulations and energy considerations. For the type-VIII Ba8Ga16Sn30 the experimental thermoelectric properties were analyzed in conjunction with computational modeling. Finally in Ba-Al-Ge clathrates the local environments, preferred configuration and vacancy formation were clarified. This included an extensive experimental and computational study on Ba8AlxGe46-x-y2(box)y systems. The different local Al environments were elucidated, with the location of vacancies influencing the surroundings. Also the correlation between the Al substitution and number of vacancies was studied.

Rodriguez Robles, Sergio

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Magnetic Monopoles in Spin Ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrically charged particles, such as the electron, are ubiquitous. By contrast, no elementary particles with a net magnetic charge have ever been observed, despite intensive and prolonged searches. We pursue an alternative strategy, namely that of realising them not as elementary but rather as emergent particles, i.e., as manifestations of the correlations present in a strongly interacting many-body system. The most prominent examples of emergent quasiparticles are the ones with fractional electric charge e/3 in quantum Hall physics. Here we show that magnetic monopoles do emerge in a class of exotic magnets known collectively as spin ice: the dipole moment of the underlying electronic degrees of freedom fractionalises into monopoles. This enables us to account for a mysterious phase transition observed experimentally in spin ice in a magnetic field, which is a liquid-gas transition of the magnetic monopoles. These monopoles can also be detected by other means, e.g., in an experiment modelled after the celebrated Stanford magnetic monopole search.

Claudio Castelnovo; Roderich Moessner; Shivaji L. Sondhi

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

256

Strong dependence of ultracold chemical rates on electric dipole moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the quantum threshold laws combined with a classical capture model to provide an analytical estimate of the chemical quenching cross sections and rate coefficients of two colliding particles at ultralow temperatures. We apply this quantum threshold model (QT model) to indistinguishable fermionic polar molecules in an electric field. At ultracold temperatures and in weak electric fields, the cross sections and rate coefficients depend only weakly on the electric dipole moment d induced by the electric field. In stronger electric fields, the quenching processes scale as d^{4(L+1/2)} where L>0 is the orbital angular momentum quantum number between the two colliding particles. For p-wave collisions (L=1) of indistinguishable fermionic polar molecules at ultracold temperatures, the quenching rate thus scales as d^6. We also apply this model to pure two dimensional collisions and find that chemical rates vanish as d^{-4} for ultracold indistinguishable fermions. This model provides a quick and intuitive way ...

Quéméner, Goulven

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

The power spectrum of the atomic dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper calculates the power spectrum S(omega) of the electric field generated by the atomic dipole moment of a laser-driven two-level system from an open quantum systems perspective. Its shape is similar to the shape of Mollow's resonance fluorescence spectrum but there are some differences. For sufficiently strong laser driving, there are two sidebands but their relative height is reduced. Moreover, the amplitude of this spectrum has a different dependence on the laser Rabi frequency Omega. It does not vanish when Omega tends to zero. The calculation of the spectrum which we present here involves less approximations than the calculation of Mollow's spectrum and constitutes an interesting alternative property.

Adam Stokes; Almut Beige

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

Nuclear electric dipole moment of {sup 3}He  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the no-core shell model (NCSM) framework, we calculate the {sup 3}He electric dipole moment (EDM) generated by parity- and time-reversal violation in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. While the results are somehow sensitive to the interaction model chosen for the strong two- and three-body interactions, we demonstrate the pion-exchange dominance to the EDM of {sup 3}He, if the coupling constants for {pi}, {rho} and {omega}-exchanges are of comparable magnitude, as expected. Finally, our results suggest that a measurement of {sup 3}He EDM would be complementary to the currently planned neutron and deuteron experiments, and would constitute a powerful constraint to the models of the pion P- and T-violating interactions.

Stetcu, I.; Friar, J. L.; Hayes, A. C. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Liu, C.-P. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Navratil, P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, L-414, California 94551 (United States)

2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

259

Integrity bases for covariants of tetrahedral XY4 molecules. Application to the electric dipole moment surface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Techniques of invariant theory such as Molien generating functions and integrity bases offer mathematical tools for the efficient construction of symmetry--adapted polynomials in the symmetrized coordinates of a molecular system. The present article is the prolongation of our previous work [P. Cassam-Chena\\"i and F. Patras, J. Math. Chem., 44(4), 938--966 (2008).] to the case of polynomials that transform as a non--totally symmetric irreducible representation of the symmetry group $G$ of the molecule. Such a covariant representation occurs with electric or magnetic properties, for example with the electric dipole moment surface. The symmetrized coordinates span an initial reducible representation from which polynomials transforming as an irreducible representation are built. The number of linearly independent polynomials of degree $k$ within this final representation is given by the coefficient of degree $k$ in the Taylor expansion of the associated Molien function. This generating function is built from combination of elementary generating functions where both the initial and final representations are irreducible. In parallel, Clebsch--Gordan coefficients of the symmetry group $G$ recursively couples the corresponding elementary integrity bases in order to build the integrity bases for the initial representation associated to symmetrized coordinates. The method is illustrated in detail on XY4 type of molecules for which the explicit integrity bases for the five final irreducible representations are given.

Patrick Cassam-Chenaï; Guillaume Dhont; Frédéric Patras

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

260

Shell model estimate of electric dipole moment in medium and heavy nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear electric dipole moment (EDM) and the nuclear Schiff moment for the lowest 1/2{sup +} state of {sup 129}Xe are investigated in terms of the nuclear shell model. We estimate the upper limit for the EDM of neutral {sup 129}Xe atom using the Schiff moment. We also estimate the upper limit of the nuclear EDM, which may be directly measured through ionic atoms.

Yoshinaga, Naotaka [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama City 338-8570 (Japan); Higashiyama, Koji [Department of Physics, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino, Chiba 275-0023 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Hadronic Vacuum Polarization Contribution to g-2 from the Lattice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We give a short description of the present situation of lattice QCD simulations. We then focus on the computation of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon using lattice techniques. We demonstrate that by employing improved observables for the muon anomalous magnetic moment, a significant reduction of the lattice error can be obtained. This provides a promising scenario that the accuracy of lattice calculations can match the experimental errors.

Dru Renner, Xu Feng, Marcus Petschlies, Karl Jansen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Electron electric dipole moment experiment using electric-field quantized slow cesium atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-51xxx Electron electric dipole momentexperiment using electric-?eld quantized slow cesium atomsA proof-of-principle electron electric dipole moment (e-EDM)

Amini, Jason M.; Munger Jr., Charles T.; Gould, Harvey

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Comment on Pion-nucleon bremsstrahlung and. Delta. electromagnetic moments''  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the definition of the electromagnetic moments of the dressed'' {Delta} introduced by Heller, Kumano, Martinez, and Moniz with respect to gauge invariance.

Weyrauch, M. (Department of Physics and Mathematical Physics, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia 5001 (AU))

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Using moment invariants to quantify the extent of rafting in Ni-based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Lily Nguyen, Rongpei Shi, Yunzhi Wang, Marc De Graef. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Lily Nguyen. Abstract Scope, Moment invariants (MIs) are ...

265

Large eddy simulations of coal jet flame ignition using the direct quadrature method of moments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Direct Quadrature Method of Moments (DQMOM) was implemented in the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) tool ARCHES to model coal particles. LES coupled with DQMOM… (more)

Pedel, Julien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Particle-physics constraints from the globular cluster M5: Neutrino Dipole Moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stellar evolution is modified if energy is lost in a "dark channel" similar to neutrino emission. Comparing modified stellar evolution sequences with observations provides some of the most restrictive limits on axions and other hypothetical low-mass particles and on non-standard neutrino properties. In particular, a putative neutrino magnetic dipole moment mu_nu enhances the plasmon decay process, postpones helium ignition in low-mass stars, and therefore extends the red-giant branch (RGB) in globular clusters (GCs). The brightness of the tip of the RGB (TRGB) remains the most sensitive probe for mu_nu and we revisit this argument from a modern perspective. Based on a large set of archival observations, we provide high-precision photometry for the Galactic GC M5 (NGC5904) and carefully determine its TRGB position. On the theoretical side, we add the extra plasmon decay rate brought about by mu_nu to the Princeton-Goddard-PUC stellar evolution code. Different sources of uncertainty are critically examined. The main source of systematic uncertainty is the bolometric correction and the main statistical uncertainty derives from the distance modulus based on main-sequence fitting. (Other measures of distance, e.g., the brightness of RR Lyrae stars, are influenced by the energy loss that we wish to constrain.) The statistical uncertainty of the TRGB position relative to the brightest RGB star is less important because the RGB is well populated. We infer an absolute I-band brightness of M_I=-4.17+/-0.13 mag for the TRGB compared with the theoretical prediction of -3.99+/-0.07 mag, in reasonable agreement with each other. A significant brightness increase caused by neutrino dipole moments is constrained such that mu_nu<2.6x10^-12mu_B(68% CL), where mu_B is the Bohr magneton, and mu_nu<4.5x10^-12 mu_B(95% CL). In these results, statistical and systematic errors have been combined in quadrature.

Nicolás Viaux; Márcio Catelan; Peter B. Stetson; Georg Raffelt; Javier Redondo; Aldo A. R. Valcarce; Achim Weiss

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

267

Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii- Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii- Evidence For The Distribution Of Magma Below Kilauea'S East Rift Zone Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Anomalously High B-Values In The South Flank Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii- Evidence For The Distribution Of Magma Below Kilauea'S East Rift Zone Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The pattern of b-value of the frequency-magnitude relation, or mean magnitude, varies little in the Kaoiki-Hilea area of Hawaii, and the b-values are normal, with b=0.8 in the top 10 km and somewhat lower values below that depth. We interpret the Kaoiki-Hilea area as relatively stable, normal Hawaiian crust. In contrast, the b-values beneath Kilauea's South

268

Quantum anomalous Hall effect with cold atoms trapped in a square lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an experimental scheme to realize the quantum anomalous Hall effect in an anisotropic square optical lattice which can be generated from available experimental setups of double-well lattices with minor modifications. A periodic gauge potential induced by atom-light interaction is introduced to give a Peierls phase for the nearest-neighbor site hopping. The quantized anomalous Hall conductivity is investigated by calculating the Chern number as well as the chiral gapless edge states of our system. Furthermore, we show in detail the feasability for its experimental detection through light Bragg scattering of the edge and bulk states with which one can determine the topological phase transition from usual insulating phase to quantum anomalous Hall phase.

Liu, Xiong-Jun; Liu, Xin; Wu, Congjun; Sinova, Jairo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso volcanic region, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Anomalous shear wave attenuation in the shallow crust beneath the Coso volcanic region, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We use seismograms of local earthquakes to image relative shear wave attenuation structure in the shallow crust beneath the region containing the Coso volcanic-geothermal area of eastern California. SV and P wave amplitudes were measured from vertical component seismograms of earthquakes that occurred in the Coso-southern Sierra Nevada region from July 1983 to 1985. Seismograms of 16 small earthquakes show SV amplitudes which are greatly diminished at some azimuths and takeoff angles,

270

The Anomalous Nambu-Goldstone Theorem in Relativistic/Nonrelativistic Quantum Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The anomalous Nambu-Goldstone (NG) theorem which is found as a violation of counting law of the number of NG bosons of the normal NG theorem in nonrelativistic and Lorentz-symmetry-violated relativistic theories is studied in detail, with emphasis on its mathematical aspect from Lie algebras, geometry to number theory. The basis of counting law of NG bosons in the anomalous NG theorem is examined by Lie algebras (local) and Lie groups (global). A quasi-Heisenberg algebra is found generically in various symmetry breaking schema of the anomalous NG theorem, and it indicates that it causes a violation/modification of the Heisenberg uncertainty relation in an NG sector which can be experimentally confirmed. The formalism of effective potential is presented for understanding the mechanism of anomalous NG theorem with the aid of our result of Lie algebras. After an investigation on a bosonic kaon condensation model with a finite chemical potential as an explicit Lorentz-symmetry-breaking parameter, a model Lagrangian approach on the anomalous NG theorem is given for our general discussion. Not only the condition of the counting law of true NG bosons, but also the mechanism to generate a mass of massive NG boson is also found by our examination on the kaon condensation model. Furthermore, the generation of a massive mode in the NG sector is understood by the quantum uncertainty relation of the Heisenberg algebra, obtained from a symmetry breaking of a Lie algebra, which realizes in the effective potential of the kaon condensation model. Hence the relation between a symmetry breaking scheme, a Heisenberg algebra, a mode-mode coupling, and the mechanism of mass generation in an NG sector is established. Finally, some relations between the Riemann hypothesis and the anomalous NG theorem are presented.

Tadafumi Ohsaku

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

"Pre-Acceleration of Anomalous Cosmic Ray Ions at Recurrent Solar Wind Shocks" Interstellar pickup ions and solar wind ions are two main sources of anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) ions. An important  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Pre-Acceleration of Anomalous Cosmic Ray Ions at Recurrent Solar Wind Shocks" Interstellar pickup ions and solar wind ions are two main sources of anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) ions. An important unresolved theoretical issue is how such low-energy seed ions are pre-accelerated to energies sufficiently

Christian, Eric

272

Anomalous Roughening of Curvature-Driven Growth With a Variable Interface Window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We studied the curvature-driven roughening of a disk domain pattern with a variable interface window. The relaxation of interface is driven by negative surface tension . When a domain boundary propagates radially at a constant rate, we found that evolution of interface roughness follows scaling dynamic behavior. The local growth exponents are substantially different from the global exponents. Curvature-driven roughening belongs to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics. However, a different surface tension leads to different global exponents. This is different from that of interface evolution with a fixed-size window, which has universal exponent. The variable growth window leads to a new class of anomalous roughening dynamics.

Yong-Jun Chen; Yuko Nagamine; Tomohiko Yamaguchi; Kenichi Yoshikawa

2012-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

273

Magnetic Storms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... magnetic reversal. As there is no predictive science of geomagnetism, we currently lack even simple forecasts. Our scientific ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

274

Magnetic Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... data-storage and permanent magnets with increased energy products, in ... Optimization of future materials, including improved yields, requires an ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

Magnetic Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Since the discovery of high-temperature superconductors in 1986 (Ref 10), the demonstration of magnetic flux exclusion

276

Model dependence of the {sup 2}H electric dipole moment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Background: Direct measurement of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the neutron is in the future; measurement of a nuclear EDM may well come first. The deuteron is one nucleus for which exact model calculations are feasible. Purpose: We explore the model dependence of deuteron EDM calculations. Methods: Using a separable potential formulation of the Hamiltonian, we examine the sensitivity of the deuteron EDM to variation in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. We write the EDM as the sum of two terms, the first depending on the target wave function with plane-wave intermediate states, and the second depending on intermediate multiple scattering in the {sup 3}P{sub 1} channel, the latter being sensitive to the off-shell behavior of the {sup 3}P{sub 1} amplitude. Results: We compare the full calculation with the plane-wave approximation result, examine the tensor force contribution to the model results, and explore the effect of short-range repulsion found in realistic, contemporary potential models of the deuteron. Conclusions: Because one-pion exchange dominates the EDM calculation, separable potential model calculations will provide an adequate description of the {sup 2}H EDM until such time as a measurement better than 10% is obtained.

Afnan, I. R.; Gibson, B. F. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001 (Australia); Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

A New Moments based Skew Estimation Technique using Pixels in the Word for Binary Document Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate skew angle estimation is an essential component in document analysis system to enhance the performance of the optical character recognition (OCR). In this paper, a new and efficient moments based method to estimate skew angle of a pixels in ... Keywords: Connected component, Boundary growing, Moments, Skew detection, Optical character recognition.

P. Shivakumara; G. Hemantha Kumar; H. S. Varsha; S. Rekha; M. R. Rashmi Nayaka

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Pricing American Asian options with higher moments in the underlying distribution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We develop a modified Edgeworth binomial model with higher moment consideration for pricing American Asian options. With lognormal underlying distribution for benchmark comparison, our algorithm is as precise as that of Chalasani et al. [P. Chalasani, ... Keywords: American Asian options, Edgeworth binomial model, Higher moment

Keng-Hsin Lo; Kehluh Wang; Ming-Feng Hsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

P-Moment asymptotic behavior of nonautonomous stochastic differential equation with delay  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we consider p-moment asymptotic behaviors of a nonautonomous delay stochastic differential equation By using L-operator differential inequality techniques, we get some sufficient criterions for p-moment ultimately ... Keywords: L-operator, exponential stability, neural networks, ultimate boundedness

Bing Li; Yafei Zhou; Qiankun Song

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Anchoring and steering gaussian quadrature for positive definite strong moment functionals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Algorithms for the construction of block-formed orthogonal Laurent polynomial sequences and corresponding Gaussian quadratures associated with positive definite strong moment functionals are introduced and compared. Cost estimates and numerical examples ... Keywords: 42C05, Gaussian quadrature, Ordered orthogonal Laurent polynomial sequences, Positive definite strong moment functionals, Primary 65D32; Secondary 41A20

Brian A. Hagler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Second-Order Closure PBL Model with New Third-Order Moments: Comparison with LES Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper contains two parts. In the first part, a new set of diagnostic equations is derived for the third-order moments for a buoyancy-driven flow, by exact inversion of the prognostic equations for the third-order moment equations in the ...

V. M. Canuto; F. Minotti; C. Ronchi; R. M. Ypma; O. Zeman

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A 3-D multiband closure for radiation and neutron transfer moment models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We derive a 3D multi-band moment model and its associated closure for radiation and neutron transfer. The new closure is analytical and nonlinear but very simple. Its derivation is based on the maximum entropy closure and assumes a Wien shape for the ... Keywords: Maximum entropy closure, Moment models, Multi-band models, Multi-bin models, Neutron transfer, ODF, Radiative transfer

J. -F. Ripoll; A. A. Wray

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Tracking Waves and Vortex Nucleation in Excitable Systems with Anomalous Dispersion N. Manz, C.T. Hamik, and O. Steinbock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tracking Waves and Vortex Nucleation in Excitable Systems with Anomalous Dispersion N. Manz, C of the underlying anomalous dispersion relation. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.248301 PACS numbers: 82.40.Ck, 05.45.­a and physicochemical systems [1,2]. Important examples include neuronal and cardiac tissue as well as gas discharge

Steinbock, Oliver

284

Revealing the Degree of Magnetic Frustration by Non-Magnetic Impurities  

SciTech Connect

Imaging the magnetic fields around a non-magnetic impurity can provide a clear benchmark for quantifying the degree of magnetic frustration. Focusing on the strongly frustrated J{sub 1}-J{sub 2} model and the spatially anisotropic J{sub 1a}-J{sub 1b}-J{sub 2} model, very distinct low energy behaviors reflect different levels of magnetic frustration. In the J{sub 1}-J{sub 2} model, bound magnons appear trapped near the impurity in the ground state and strongly reduce the ordered moments for sites proximal to the impurity. In contrast, local moments in the J{sub 1a}-J{sub 1b}-J{sub 2} model are enhanced on the impurity neighboring sites. These theoretical predictions can be probed by experiments such as nuclear magnetic resonance and scanning tunneling microscopy, and the results can elucidate the role of frustration in antiferromagnets and help narrow the possible models to understand magnetism in the iron pnictdies.

Not Available

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

285

2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital 2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital 2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital January 4, 2013 - 1:02pm Q&A What was your favorite energy-saving moment of 2012? Leave a comment! Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Share your favorite 2012 energy-saving moment with us and your comment may be featured on Energy.gov! To participate use our Q&A tool or send a comment via Facebook or Twitter. As a new year begins, it's only natural to reflect on the previous year's highlights. From celebrating the completion of Washington, DC's first passive solar house to flipping the switch on LED lighting for the National Mall -- for our nation's capital, 2012 was a year for advancing

286

The Anapole Moment of the Deuteron with the Argonne v18 Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the deuteron anapole moment with the wave functions obtained from the Argonne $v18$ nucleon-nucleon interaction model. The anapole moment operators are considered at the leading order. To minimize the uncertainty due to a lack of current conservation, we calculate the matrix element of the anapole moment from the original definition. In virtue of accurate wave functions, we can obtain a more precise value of the deuteron anapole moment which contains less uncertainty than the former works. We obtain a result reduced by more than 25% in the magnitude of the deuteron anapole moment. The reduction of individual nuclear contributions is much more important however, varying from a factor 2 for the spin part to a factor 4 for the convection and associated two-body currents.

Chang Ho Hyun; Bertrand Desplanques

2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

287

Magnetic Properties of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu)  

SciTech Connect

We report magnetic susceptibility measurements of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu) boron-rich rare earth containing borides down to 50 mK. The data suggest a spin glass low temperature state for RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er) with the freezing temperatures below 1 K. The magnetic properties appear to be influenced by the anisotropy of the magnetic moments, probably via the crystalline electric field effects.

Kim, Hyunsoo; Budko, Serguei; ATanatar, Makariy; Avdashchenko, D.V.; Matovnikov, A.V.; Mitroshenkov, N.V.; Novikov, V.V.; Prozorov, Ruslan

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

288

Sound beyond the speed of light: destructive interference, anomalous dispersion and nonlocality of near field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimentally fixed sound pulse beyond of light speed in the region of anomalous dispersion [W. M. Robertson, e. a. Appl. Phys. Lett, 90, 014102 (2007)] can be explained, as well as the similar superluminal phenomena, by "the nonlocality in the small" of near electromagnetic field at transferring of relevanted excitations.

Perel'man, M E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Light supersymmetric axion in an anomalous Abelian extension of the standard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a supersymmetric extension of the standard model (USSM-A) with an anomalous U(1) and Stueckelberg axions for anomaly cancellation, generalizing similar nonsupersymmetric constructions. The model, built by a bottom-up approach, is expected to capture the low-energy supersymmetric description of axionic symmetries in theories with gauged anomalous Abelian interactions, previously explored in the nonsupersymmetric case for scenarios with intersecting branes. The choice of a USSM-like superpotential, with one extra singlet superfield and an extra Abelian symmetry, allows a physical axionlike particle in the spectrum. We describe some general features of this construction and, in particular, the modification of the dark-matter sector which involves both the axion and several neutralinos with an axino component. The axion is expected to be very light in the absence of phases in the superpotential but could acquire a mass which can also be in the few GeV range or larger. In particular, the gauging of the anomalous symmetry allows independent mass/coupling interaction to the gauge fields of this particle, a feature which is absent in traditional (invisible) axion models. We comment on the general implications of our study for the signature of moduli from string theory due to the presence of these anomalous symmetries.

Coriano, Claudio; Guzzi, Marco; Mariano, Antonio; Morelli, Simone [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita del Salento Via Arnesano 73100 Lecce (Italy) and INFN Sezione di Lecce, Via Arnesano 73100 Lecce (Italy)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Anomalous subsidence on the rifted volcanic margin of Pakistan: No influence from Deccan plume  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomalous subsidence on the rifted volcanic margin of Pakistan: No influence from Deccan plume, Clifton, Karachi 75600, Pakistan A B S T R A C TA R T I C L E I N F O Article history: Received 28 October

Clift, Peter

291

The Linearity of the Atmospheric Response to Tropical Pacific Anomalous Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors show that the effect of a tropical Pacific anomalous forcing can he primarily linear or nonlinear depending on its sign and longitudinal position. Using a nine-level steady-state model both the linear and nonlinear ...

Qing Liu; Cornelius J. F. Schuurmans

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Apparatus for magnetic and electrostatic confinement of plasma  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus and method for containing plasma and forming a Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) magnetic topology are described in which plasma ions are contained magnetically in stable, non-adiabatic orbits in the FRC. Further, the electrons are contained electrostatically in a deep energy well, created by tuning an externally applied magnetic field. The simultaneous electrostatic confinement of electrons and magnetic confinement of ions avoids anomalous transport and facilitates classical containment of both electrons and ions. In this configuration, ions and electrons may have adequate density and temperature so that upon collisions ions are fused together by nuclear force, thus releasing fusion energy. Moreover, the fusion fuel plasmas that can be used with the present confinement system and method are not limited to neutronic fuels only, but also advantageously include advanced fuels.

Rostoker, Norman; Binderbauer, Michl

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

293

Correcting transport errors during advection of aerosol and cloud moment sequences in eulerian models  

SciTech Connect

Moment methods are finding increasing usage for simulations of particle population balance in box models and in more complex flows including two-phase flows. These highly efficient methods have nevertheless had little impact to date for multi-moment representation of aerosols and clouds in atmospheric models. There are evidently two reasons for this: First, atmospheric models, especially if the goal is to simulate climate, tend to be extremely complex and take many man-years to develop. Thus there is considerable inertia to the implementation of novel approaches. Second, and more fundamental, the nonlinear transport algorithms designed to reduce numerical diffusion during advection of various species (tracers) from cell to cell, in the typically coarse grid arrays of these models, can and occasionally do fail to preserve correlations between the moments. Other correlated tracers such as isotopic abundances, composition of aerosol mixtures, hydrometeor phase, etc., are subject to this same fate. In the case of moments, this loss of correlation can and occasionally does give rise to unphysical moment sets. When this happens the simulation can come to a halt. Following a brief description and review of moment methods, the goal of this paper is to present two new approaches that both test moment sequences for validity and correct them when they fail. The new approaches work on individual grid cells without requiring stored information from previous time-steps or neighboring cells.

McGraw R.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unexpected Angular Dependence of Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Print Wednesday, 29 August 2007 00:00 Using spectroscopic information for magnetometry and magnetic microscopy obviously requires detailed theoretical understanding of spectral shape and magnitude of dichroism signals. A research team at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 has now shown unambiguously that, contrary to common belief, spectral shape and magnitude of x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) are not only determined by the relative orientation of magnetic moments and x-ray polarization, but their orientation relative to the crystallographic axes must be taken into account for accurate interpretation of XMLD data. Magnetism and X Rays

295

Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Extreme magnetic fields (>2 tesla), especially when combined with temperature, are being shown to revolutionize materials processing and ...

296

Makeup and uses of a basic magnet laboratory for characterizing high-temperature permanent magnets  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A set of instrumentation for making basic magnetic measurements was assembled in order to characterize high-intrinsic-coercivity, rare-earth permanent magnets with respect to short-term demagnetization resistance and long-term aging at temperatures up to 300{degrees}C. The major specialized components of this set consist of a 13-T-peak-field, capacitor-discharge pulse magnetizer; a 10-in.-pole-size, variable-gap electromagnet; a temperature-controlled oven equipped with iron-cobalt pole piece extensions and a removable paddle that carries the magnetization and field sensing coils; associated electronic integrators; and standards for field intensity H and magnetic moment M calibration. A 1-cm cubic magnet sample, carried by the paddle, fits snugly between the pole piece extensions within the electrically heated aluminum oven, where fields up to 3.2 T can be applied by the electromagnet at temperatures up to 300{degrees}C. A sample set of demagnetization data for the high-energy Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17} type of magnet is given for temperatures up to 300{degrees}C. These data are reduced to the temperature dependence of the M-H knee field and of the field for a given magnetic induction swing, and they are then interpreted to show the limits of safe magnet operation.

Niedra, J.M. [Sverdrup Technology, Inc., Brook Park, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center Group; Schwarze, G.E. [National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Cleveland, OH (United States). Lewis Research Center

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Direct observation of dynamics of single spinning dust grains in weakly magnetized complex plasma  

SciTech Connect

The rotational dynamics of single dust grains in a weak magnetic field is investigated on a kinetic level. Experiments reveal spin-up of spherical dust grains and alignment of their magnetic moments parallel to the magnetic induction vector. The angular velocity of spinning prolate grains varies as magnetic induction increases to 250 G. Spinning dust grains are found to flip over only when the magnetic field magnitude is changing. The results demonstrate that dusty plasma has paramagnetic properties. Qualitative interpretations are proposed to explain newly discovered phenomena.

Dzlieva, E. S.; Karasev, V. Yu., E-mail: plasmadust@yandex.ru [St. Petersburg State University, Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Petrov, O. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for High Energy Densities, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Spinel ferrite nanocrystals embedded inside ZnO: magnetic, electronic andmagneto-transport properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we show that spinel ferrite nanocrystals (NiFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}, and CoFe{sub 2}O{sub 4}) can be texturally embedded inside a ZnO matrix by ion implantation and post-annealing. The two kinds of ferrites show different magnetic properties, e.g. coercivity and magnetization. Anomalous Hall effect and positive magnetoresistance have been observed. Our study suggests a ferrimagnet/semiconductor hybrid system for potential applications in magneto-electronics. This hybrid system can be tuned by selecting different transition metal ions (from Mn to Zn) to obtain various magnetic and electronic properties.

Zhou, Shengqiang; Potzger, K.; Xu, Qingyu; Kuepper, K.; Talut, G.; Marko, D.; Mucklich, A.; Helm, M.; Fassbender, J.; Arenholz, E.; Schmidt, H.

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

A Fuzzy Logic Method for Improved Moment Estimation from Doppler Spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method for estimating moments from wind measurement devices that measure Doppler spectra as a function of range is presented. Quite often the spectra are contaminated by a wide variety of sources, including (but not limited to) birds, ...

Larry B. Cornman; Robert K. Goodrich; Corinne S. Morse; Warner L. Ecklund

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Comparative Analysis of Four Second-Moment Turbulence Closure Models for the Oceanic Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this comparative study, four different algebraic second-moment turbulence closure models are investigated in detail. These closure schemes differ in the number of terms considered for the closure of the pressure–strain correlations. These four ...

Hans Burchard; Karsten Bolding

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Similarity Scales and Universal Profiles of Statistical Moments in the Convective Boundary Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The parameterization of the mixed layer based on a decomposition of statistical moments into nonpenetrative and residual components and on their local similarity is discussed. The method is examined by using laboratory data for nonpenetrative ...

Zbigniew Sorbjan

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

MOMENT FORMULAE FOR GENERAL POINT PROCESSES L. DECREUSEFOND AND I. FLINT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MOMENT FORMULAE FOR GENERAL POINT PROCESSES L. DECREUSEFOND AND I. FLINT Abstract. The goal, Malliavin calculus. 1 hal-00753801,version1-19Nov2012 #12;2 L. DECREUSEFOND AND I. FLINT also obtain

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

303

Optimal Thresholds for the Estimation of Area Rain-Rate Moments by the Threshold Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization of the threshold method, achieved by determination of the threshold that maximizes the correlation between an area-average rain-rate moment and the area coverage of rain rates exceeding the threshold, is demonstrated empirically and ...

David A. Short; Kunio Shimizu; Benjamin Kedem

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Characterizing the Variability and Extremes of the Stratospheric Polar Vortices Using 2D Moment Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mean state, variability, and extreme variability of the stratospheric polar vortices, with an emphasis on the Northern Hemisphere (NH) vortex, are examined using two-dimensional moment analysis and extreme value theory (EVT). The use of ...

Daniel M. Mitchell; Andrew J. Charlton-Perez; Lesley J. Gray

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

The Bias in Moment Estimators for Parameters of Drop Size Distribution Functions: Sampling from Exponential Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The moment estimators frequently used to estimate parameters for drop size distribution (DSD) functions being “fitted” to observed raindrop size distributions are biased. Consequently, the fitted functions often do not represent well either the ...

Paul L. Smith; Donna V. Kliche

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Regional Precipitation Quantile Values for the Continental United States Computed from L-Moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation quantile values have been computed for 9 probabilities, 8 durations, 12 starting months, and 1 1 1 regions across the United States. L-moment methodology has been used for the calculations. Discussed are the rationale for selecting ...

Nathaniel B. Guttman; J. R. M. Hosking; James R. Wallis

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Ringbeschleunigern höhere Energien erreichen. Weil supraleitende Spulen keinen elektrischen Widerstand aufweisen, können damit stärkere Magnetfelder erzeugt werden. In normal leitenden Elektromagneten wird - wegen des elektrischen Widerstands der Drähte - die Spule aufgeheizt. Auf diese Weise geht sehr viel Energie in Form von Wärme verloren, was die Energiekosten dieser Magnete in die Höhe treibt. Supraleitende Spulen erlauben es, Magnete grosser Feldstärke unter günstigen Bedingungen zu betreiben und damit die Energiekosten zu senken. Durch den Einbau supraleitender Spulen in den Ringbeschleuniger von Fermilab konnte dessen Energie verdoppelt werden.Auch der im Bau befindliche "Large Hadron Collider" am CERN wird supraleitende Magnete

308

Magnetic nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.

Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

309

Atomic structure and magnetic properties of Fe1-xCox alloys  

SciTech Connect

Using genetic algorithm with first-principle calculations, we searched for low-energy crystal structures of Fe1?xCox alloys. We found that Fe1?xCox alloys are highly configurationally degenerate with many additional off-stoichiometric stable structures to the well-known B2 structure. The average magnetic moment of Fe atom increases with concentration of Co in the alloy, while that of Co atom is almost constant, which are consistent with experiments and earlier studies. The magnetic moment of Fe atom is strongly dependent on the number of Co nearest neighbor and it increases with this number.

Nguyen, Manh Cuong; Zhao, Xin; Ji, Min; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Harmon, Bruce; Ho, Kai-Ming

2012-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

310

Non-universal, Non-anomalous U(1)' in a Model with Anomaly Mediated SUSY Breaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct a Minimum Supersymmetry Standard Model expanded by a non-anomalous family (NAF) U(1)'_{NAF} gauge symmetry. All gauge anomalies are cancelled with no additional exotics other than the three right-handed neutrinos. The FI D-terms associated with the U(1)'_{NAF} symmetry lead to additional positive contributions to slepton squared masses. In a RG invariant way, this thus solves the tachyonic slepton mass problem in Anomaly Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking. In addition, the U(1)'_{NAF} symmetry naturally gives rise to the fermion mass hierarchy and mixing angles, and determines the mass spectrum of the sparticles. Our model also provides a counter example to the previous claim that the only U(1)' that can give rise to realistic fermion mass hierarchy and mixing pattern must be anomalous.

Mu-Chun Chen; Jinrui Huang

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

311

Critical Review of Theoretical Models for Anomalous Effects (Cold Fusion) in Deuterated Metals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly summarize the reported anomalous effects in deuterated metals at ambient temperature, commonly known as "Cold Fusion" (CF), with an emphasis on important experiments as well as the theoretical basis for the opposition to interpreting them as cold fusion. Then we critically examine more than 25 theoretical models for CF, including unusual nuclear and exotic chemical hypotheses. We conclude that they do not explain the data.

V. A. Chechin; V. A. Tsarev; M. Rabinowitz; Y. E. Kim

2003-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

312

Mining anomalous events against frequent sequences in surveillance videos from commercial environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the UK alone there are currently over 4.2 million operational CCTV cameras, that is virtually one camera for every 14th person, and this figure is increasing at a fast rate throughout the world (especially after the tragic events of 9/11 and 7/7) ... Keywords: Anomalous events mining, Business intelligence, Data mining, Knowledge discovery, Periodicity mining, Sequential pattern mining, Surveillance videos, Video mining

Fahad Anwar; Ilias Petrounias; Tim Morris; Vassilis Kodogiannis

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

COMMENTS ON ANOMALOUS EFFECTS IN CHARGING OF PD POWDERS WITH HIGH DENSITY HYDROGEN ISOTOPES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In Kitamura, et al, Pd-containing materials are exposed to isotopes of hydrogen and anomalous results obtained. These are claimed to be a replication of another experiment conducted by Arata and Zhang. Erroneous basic assumptions are pointed out herein that alter the derived conclusions significantly. The final conclusion is that the reported results are likely normal chemistry combined with noise. Thus the claim to have proven that cold fusion is occurring in these systems is both premature and unlikely.

Shanahan, K.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Roles of Anomalous Tibetan Plateau Warming on the Severe 2008 Winter Storm in Central-Southern China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous warming occurred over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) before and during the disastrous freezing rain and heavy snow hitting central and southern China in January 2008. The relationship between the TP warming and this extreme event is ...

Qing Bao; Jing Yang; Yimin Liu; Guoxiong Wu; Bin Wang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Anomalous Cloud-to-Ground Lightning in an F5-Tornado-Producing Supercell Thunderstorm on 28 August 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An F5 tornado that devastated Plainfield, Illinois, and environs on 28 August 1990, killing 29 people, is shown to be preduced by a thunderstorm characterized by highly anomalous could-to-ground (CG) lightning activity. Unlike typical summertime ...

Anton Seimon

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Three-dimensional simulations of anomalous absorption of laser radiation by plasma with supercritical density  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-dimensional (3D) model of the interaction of laser radiation with plasma in the framework of Maxwell-Vlasov equations has been used to calculate the anomalous optical absorption in plasma of supercritical density. The results of calculations confirmed the development of anomalous absorption that was previously revealed by 2D models, which were insufficient for comparison to the experiment. Calculations were performed for a system containing about 10{sup 6} macroparticles that allowed the absorption coefficient and other characteristics of anomalous absorption in plasma with an inhomogeneous surface to be determined as functions of various parameters of the incident radiation and plasma target. Results are analyzed and estimations are obtained for the contributions of ionization processes and pair collisions of electrons, which show that these factors were quite reasonably ignored in the model. All quantitative results are obtained for the third harmonic of neodymium laser ({lambda} = 0.351 {mu}m) at a tenfold excess of the substance density over a critical value for this radiation.

Ginzburg, S. L.; Dyachenko, V. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Keldysh Institute for Applied Mathematics (Russian Federation); Imshennik, V. S. [Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Russian Federation); Paleychik, V. V.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Anomalous Behavior of D-Layer Preparation Time of the Ionosphere Due to Earthquakes as observed from Malda (India)  

SciTech Connect

The anomalous behavior of D-layer preparation time of the ionosphere are observed only before, during and after the earthquakes, which took place in the neighbouring region by monitoring the Very Low Frequency (VLF) signal using Gyrator II loop antenna. The anomalies were also observed in the sunrise terminator times during seismically active days. These anomalous behavior may be due to the Lithosphere-Ionosphere coupling. These anomalies may be a precursor of earthquake.

Chatterjee, Achintya K.; Nandy, Nilmadhab; Bari, Md. Washimul; Choudhury, Asit K. [Indian Centre for Space Physics (Malda Branch), Atul Market, Malda, West Bengal, Inda, 732101 (India)

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

318

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Laboratory. ... A 600 MHz Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer. Analytical Data Compilation Reference Materials. ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Electric-Magnetic Duality in Massless QED?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility that QED and recently developed non-Hermitian, or magnetic, versions of QED are equivalent is considered. Under this duality the Hamiltonians and anomalous axial currents of the two theories are identified. A consequence of such a duality is that particles described by QED carry magnetic as well as electric charges. The proposal requires a vanishing zero bare fermion mass in both theories; Dirac mass terms are incompatible with the conservation of magnetic charge much as Majorana masses spoil the conservation of electric charge. The physical spectrum comprises photons and massless spin-1/2 particles carrying equal or opposite electric and magnetic charges. The four particle states described by the Dirac fermion correspond to the four possible charge assignments of elementary dyons. This scale invariant spectrum indicates that the quantum field theory is finite. The Johnson Baker Willey eigenvalue equation for the fine structure constant in finite spinor QED is interpreted as a Dirac-like charge quantisation condition for dyons.

Chris Ford

2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

Distinct local electronic structure and magnetism for Mn in amorphous Si and Ge  

SciTech Connect

Transition metals such as Mn generally have large local moments in covalent semiconductors due to their partially filled d shells. However, Mn magnetization in group-IV semiconductors is more complicated than often recognized. Here we report a striking crossover from a quenched Mn moment (<0.1 {mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Si (a-Si) to a large distinct local Mn moment ({ge}3{mu}{sub B}) in amorphous Ge (a-Ge) over a wide range of Mn concentrations (0.005-0.20). Corresponding differences are observed in d-shell electronic structure and the sign of the Hall effect. Density-functional-theory calculations show distinct local structures, consistent with different atomic density measured for a-Si and a-Ge, respectively, and the Mn coordination number N{sub c} is found to be the key factor. Despite the amorphous structure, Mn in a-Si is in a relatively well-defined high coordination interstitial type site with broadened d bands, low moment, and electron (n-type) carriers, while Mn in a-Ge is in a low coordination substitutional type site with large local moment and holes (p-type) carriers. Moreover, the correlation between N{sub c} and the magnitude of the local moment is essentially independent of the matrix; the local Mn moments approach zero when N{sub c} > 7 for both a-Si and a-Ge.

Zeng, Li; Cao, J. X.; Helgren, E.; Karel, J.; Arenholz, E.; Ouyang, Lu; Smith, David J.; Wu, R. Q.; Hellman, F.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force that can "attract" or "repel" other magnets and magnetic materials, like iron or nickel. What is a Magnet? This bar magnet is a permanent magnet. Permanent magnets can be found in the Earth as rocks and metals. Magnets have

322

Electric dipole moments of Hg, Xe, Rn, Ra, Pu, and TlF induced by the nuclear Schiff moment and limits on time-reversal violating interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have calculated the atomic electric dipole moments (EDMs) induced in ^{199}Hg, ^{129}Xe, ^{223}Rn, ^{225}Ra, and ^{239}Pu by their respective nuclear Schiff moments S. The results are (in units 10^{-17}S(e {fm}^{3})^{-1}e cm): d(^{199}Hg)=-2.8, d(^{129}Xe)=0.38, d(^{223}Rn)=3.3, d(^{225}Ra)=-8.5, d(^{239}Pu)=-11. We have also calculated corrections to the parity- and time-invariance-violating (P,T-odd) spin-axis interaction constant in TlF. These results are important for the interpretation of atomic and molecular experiments on EDMs in terms of fundamental P,T-odd parameters.

V. A. Dzuba; V. V. Flambaum; J. S. M. Ginges; M. G. Kozlov

2002-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

323

Electric and magnetic response to the continuum for A=7 isobars in a dicluster model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mirror isobars $^7$Li and $^7$Be are investigated in a dicluster model. The magnetic dipole moments and the magnetic dipole response to the continuum are calculated in this framework. The magnetic contribution is found to be small with respect to electric dipole and quadrupole excitations even at astrophysical energies, at a variance with the case of deuteron. Energy weighted molecular sum rules are evaluated and a formula for the molecular magnetic dipole sum rule is found which matches the numerical calculations. Cross-sections for photo-dissociation and radiative capture as well as the S-factor for reactions of astrophysical significance are calculated with good agreement with known experimental data.

A. Mason; R. Chatterjee; L. Fortunato; A. Vitturi

2008-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

324

Probing Spin Liquids with a New Pulsed-Magnet System | Advanced Photon  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a Magnetic Moment in a Split Picosecond a Magnetic Moment in a Split Picosecond Unpeeling Atoms and Molecules from the Inside Out Butterfly Wing Yields Clues to Light-Altering Structures Squeezing Information from Materials under Extreme Pressure Quick-Change Molecules Caught in the Act Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Probing Spin Liquids with a New Pulsed-Magnet System AUGUST 26, 2010 Bookmark and Share The (008) intensity color map on a θ vs. 2θ mesh. With increasing magnetic field the peak splits at a critical field of H ~29 T, which is a hallmark of a structural phase transition with a reduction from cubic to tetragonal or orthorhombic symmetry. Above the critical field,

325

Structural and magnetic properties of MBE grown GeMnN2 thin films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epitaxial GeMnN{sub 2} thin films are synthesized by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction measurements confirm that it is the orthorhombic variant, consistent with the predictions of first-principles calculations. The magnetic properties of the films are related to defects, with samples grown under Ge-rich conditions exhibiting a net magnetic moment above room temperature. These results are explained by first-principles calculations, indicating that the preferential substitution of one magnetic sublattice of GeMnN{sub 2} by impurities and/or intrinsic defects such as Ge antisites produces a net magnetic moment in an antiferromagnetic background, and also introduces spin-polarized carriers near the Fermi level.

Liu, Y [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Lazarov, V. K. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Cheung, S.H. [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Keavney, D.J. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Gajdardziska-Josifovska, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Weinert, M [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee; Li, Lian [University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Magnetically active vacancy related defects in irradiated GaN layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the studies of magnetic properties of 2 MeV {sup 4}He{sup +}-irraadiated GaN grown by metal-organic chemical-vapor deposition. Particle irradiation allowed controllable introduction of Ga-vacancy in the samples. The magnetic moments with concentrations changing between 4.3 and 8.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 17}cm{sup -3} showing superparamagnetic blocking at room temperature are observed. The appearance of clear hysteresis curve at T=5K with coercive field of about H{sub C} Almost-Equal-To 270 Oe suggests that the formation of more complex Ga vacancy related defects is promoted with increasing Ga vacancy content. The small concentration of the observed magnetically active defects with respect to the total Ga-vacancy concentration suggests that the presence of the oxygen/hydrogen-related vacancy complexes is the source of the observed magnetic moments.

Kilanski, L.; Tuomisto, F. [Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto Espoo (Finland); Szymczak, R. [Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland); Kruszka, R. [Institute of Electron Technology, Al. Lotnikow 46, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)

2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

327

Probing CP violation with the electric dipole moment of atomic mercury  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric dipole moment of atomic $^{199}$Hg induced by the nuclear Schiff moment and tensor-pseudotensor electron-nucleus interactions has been calculated. For this, we have developed and employed a novel method based on the relativistic coupled-cluster theory. The results of our theoretical calculations combined with the latest experimental result of $^{199}$Hg electric dipole moment, provide new bounds on the T reversal or CP violation parameters $\\theta_{\\rm QCD}$, the tensor-pseudotensor coupling constant $C_T$ and $(\\widetilde{d}_u - \\widetilde{d}_d)$. This is the most accurate calculation of these parameters to date. We highlight the the crucial role of electron correlation effects in their interplay with the P,T violating interactions. Our results demonstrate substantial changes in the results of earlier calculations of these parameters which can be attributed to the more accurate inclusion of important correlation effects in the present work.

K. V. P. Latha; D. Angom; B. P. Das; D. Mukherjee

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

328

Modeling asymmetric beams using higher-order phase-space moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shadwick et al. developed [Commun. Nonlinear. Sci. Numer. Simulat. 17, 2153-2160 (2012)] a self-consistent model of beam transport using a phase-space moment description (up to 2nd order) based on the Vlasov-Maxwell Hamiltonian structure. Tzoufras et al. have shown [Physics of Plasmas 16, 056705 (2009)] that for a laser-wakefield-accelerated electron beam, the spatial profile that minimizes the energy spread is a trapezoidal distribution. This profile is spatially asymmetric and thus cannot be described by only using moments less than order three, and so the moment method developed by Shadwick et al. was expanded upon to account for asymmetry by taking the profile to be a sum of two gaussian 'blobs.' It was found that, as long as the electric field across the beam was close to linear, treating the two blobs as separate species was a good approximation.

Lee, Frank M.; Shadwick, B. A. [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588 (United States)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

329

Study of the influence of a strong magnetic field on the composition of nuclear matter at high densities and zero temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetars are neutron stars with a strong surface magnetic field. Observations of soft gamma-ray and anomalous X-ray pulsars pointed out that the surface magnetic field of magnetars is equal or even greater than 10{sup 15} G. In this work we study the influence of a strong magnetic field on the composition of nuclear matter at high densities and zero temperature. We describe the matter through a relativistic mean-field model with eight light baryons (baryon octet), electrons, muons and with magnetic field. As output of the numerical calculations, we obtain the relative population of each species of particles as function of baryon density.

Coelho, Eduardo L.; Chiapparini, Marcelo [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 20559-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Bracco, Mirian E. [Faculdade de Tecnologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 27537-000, Resende, RJ (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

330

A nuclear magnetic resonance probe of Fe-Al and Al20V2Eu intermetallics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Al-rich Fe-Al systems (FeAl2, Fe2 Al5 and Fe4Al13) and Al20V2Eu have complicated structures with quasicrystal-like features making these materials potentially of interest for magnetic behavior. However, there is not much work on these materials. To study the variety of magnetic properties, we use NMR, magnetic susceptibility, specific heat and other methods in this work. The microscopic electronic and magnetic properties of the Al-rich Fe-Al system and Al20V2Eu have been studied via 27Al NMR at temperatures between 4 and 500 K. The results of spin lattice relaxation rates reveal a pseudogap in Fe4Al13 and Fe2Al5 around the Fermi-level in the density of states. Besides, a square well gap with a width of 2 meV and center at Fermi energy was detected by specific heat measurements in Fe2Al5. Both Fe4 Al13 and Fe2Al5 are non-magnetic systems with dilute magnetic defects, while FeAl2 is a concentrated local magnetic moment system. In Al20V2Eu, a crossover was observed in NMR, magnetization and transport measurements. Above 40 K, Eu(2+) local magnetic moments dominate; below 40 K, a transition to a Kondo regime is observed, where the Kondo effect leads to the reduction of localized moments due to the formation of a spin-compensated Kondo cloud. With increasing magnetic field, f electrons participate more and more in excitations near the Fermi level and a heavy-Fermion state was observed through specific heat measurements at high magnetic field.

Chi, Ji

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

R-parity violating two-loop level rainbowlike contribution to the fermion electric dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the two-loop level R-parity violating supersymmetric contribution to the electric and chromoelectric dipole moments of the fermion with neutrino and gaugino in the intermediate state. It is found that this contribution can be sufficiently enhanced with large tan {\\beta} and that it can have comparable size with the currently known R-parity violating Barr-Zee type process in the TeV scale supersymmetry breaking. We also give new limits on the R-parity violating couplings from the experimental data of the electric dipole moments of the neutron and the electron.

Nodoka Yamanaka

2012-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

332

All-optical Hall effect by the dynamic toroidal moment in a cavity-based metamaterial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic dipolar toroidal response is demonstrated by an optical plasmonic metamaterial composed of double disks. This response with a hotspot of localized E-field concentration is a well-behaved toroidal cavity mode that exhibits a large Purcell factor due to its deep-subwavelength mode volume. All-optical Hall effect (photovoltaic) due to this optical toroidal moment is demonstrated numerically, in mimicking the magnetoelectric effect in multiferroic systems. The result shows a promising avenue to explore various optical phenomena associated with this intriguing dynamic toroidal moment.

Dong, Zheng-Gao; Yin, Xiaobo; Li, Jiaqi; Lu, Changgui; Zhang, Xiang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Consumption Moment Risk Factors and Cross-Section of Long-Run Stock Returns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce the multifactor asset pricing model that includes as risk factors the …ve Chen et al. (1986) macroeconomic variables along with the rates of change in the …rst four cross-sectional consumption moments. The empirical evidence on the pricing of the economic state variables is sensitive to the experimental design, whereas we …nd strong evidence that with the limited participation of households in the capital markets the aggregate consumption risk (measured by the rate of change in average consumption) and the background risk in consumption (measured jointly by the rates of change in the higher-order consumption moments) are both signi…cantly priced. JEL classi…cation: G12

Andrei Semenov

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Verification of the history-score moment equations for weight-window variance reduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The history-score moment equations that describe the moments of a Monte Carlo score distribution have been extended to weight-window variance reduction, The resulting equations have been solved deterministically to calculate the population variance of the Monte Carlo score distribution for a single tally, Results for one- and two-dimensional one-group problems are presented that predict the population variances to less than 1% deviation from the Monte Carlo for one-dimensional problems and between 1- 2% for two-dimensional problems,

Solomon, Clell J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sood, Avneet [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Booth, Thomas E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shultis, J. Kenneth [KANSAS STATE UNIV.

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

335

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEEfor SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", inSuperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant, Advances in

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Magnetization Characterization Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... use of magnetic materials for motors, generators, transformers ... all depend on the specific magnetic characteristics of ... For example, a magnet used in ...

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

337

MAGNETIC GRID  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electronic grid is designed employing magnetic forces for controlling the passage of charged particles. The grid is particularly applicable to use in gas-filled tubes such as ignitrons. thyratrons, etc., since the magnetic grid action is impartial to the polarity of the charged particles and, accordingly. the sheath effects encountered with electrostatic grids are not present. The grid comprises a conductor having sections spaced apart and extending in substantially opposite directions in the same plane, the ends of the conductor being adapted for connection to a current source.

Post, R.F.

1960-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

ANOMALIES IN THE APPLIED MAGNETIC FIELDS ON DIII-D AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR THE UNDERSTANDING OF STABILITY EXPERIMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small non-axisymmetric magnetic fields are known to cause serious loss of stability in tokamaks leading to loss of confinement and abrupt termination of plasma current (disruptions). The best known examples are the locked mode and the resistive wall mode. Understanding of the underlying field anomalies (departures in the hardware-related fields from ideal toroidal and poloidal fields on a single axis) and the interaction of the plasma with them is crucial to tokamak development. Results of both locked mode experiments and resistive wall mode experiments done in DIII-D tokamak plasmas have been interpreted to indicate the presence of a significant anomalous field. New measurements of the magnetic field anomalies of the hardware systems have been made on DIII-D. The measured field anomalies due to the plasma shaping coils in DIII-D are smaller than previously reported. Additional evaluations of systematic errors have been made. New measurements of the anomalous fields of the ohmic heating and toroidal coils have been added. Such detailed in situ measurements of the fields of a tokamak are unique. The anomalous fields from all of the coils are one third of the values indicated from the stability experiments. These results indicate limitations in the understanding of the interaction of the plasma with the external field. They indicate that it may not be possible to deduce the anomalous fields in a tokamak from plasma experiments and that we may not have the basis needed to project the error field requirements of future tokamaks.

LUXON,J.L; SCHAFFER,M.J; JACKSON,G.L; LEUER,J.A; NAGY,A; SCOVILLE,J.T; STRAIT,E.J

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Element-specific study of the temperature dependent magnetization of Co-Mn-Sb thin films  

SciTech Connect

Magnetron sputtered thin Co-Mn-Sb films were investigated with respect to their element-specific magnetic properties. Stoichiometric Co{sub 1}Mn{sub 1}Sb{sub 1} crystallized in the C1{sub b} structure has been predicted to be half-metallic and is therefore of interest for spintronics applications. It should show a characteristic antiferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments and a transition temperature T{sub C} of about 480K. Although the observed transition temperature of our 20nm thick Co{sub 32.4}Mn{sub 33.7}Sb{sub 33.8}, Co{sub 37.7}Mn{sub 34.1}Sb{sub 28.2} and Co{sub 43.2}Mn{sub 32.6}Sb{sub 24.2} films is in quite good agreement with the expected value, we found a ferromagnetic coupling of the Mn and Co magnetic moments which indicates that the films do not crystallize in the C1{sub b} structure and are probably not fully spin-polarized. The ratio of the Co and Mn moments does not change up to the transition temperature and the temperature dependence of the magnetic moments can be well described by the mean field theory.

Schmalhorst, J.; Ebke, D.; Meinert, M.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Arenholz, E.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

340

Electric dipole moments of charged leptons in the split fermion scenario in the two Higgs doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We predict the charged lepton electric dipole moments in the split fermion scenario in the framework of the two Higgs doublet model. We observe that the numerical value of the muon (tau) electric dipole moment is at the order of the magnitude of $10^{-22} (e-cm)$ ($10^{-20} (e-cm)$) and there is an enhancement in the case of two extra dimensions, especially for the tau lepton electric dipole moment.

E. O. Iltan

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

When effective theories predict: the inevitability of Mercury's anomalous perihelion precession  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

If the concepts underlying Effective Theory were appreciated from the earliest days of Newtonian gravity, Le Verrier's announcement in 1845 of the anomalous perihelion precession of Mercury would have been no surprise. Furthermore, the size of the effect could have been anticipated through "naturalness" arguments well before the definitive computation in General Relativity. Thus, we have an illustration of how Effective Theory concepts can guide us in extending our knowledge to "new physics", and not just in how to reduce larger theories to restricted (e.g., lower energy) domains.

James D. Wells

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

342

Exploring anomalous top interactions via the final lepton in ttbar productions/decays at hadron colliders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study momentum distributions of the final-state charged lepton in ppbar/pp --> ttbar --> l^+ X (l=e or mu) at hadron colliders, i.e., Tevatron and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in order to explore possible new-physics effects in the top-quark sector. Assuming general model-independent ttbar g + ttbar gg and tbW interactions beyond the standard model, we first derive analytical formulas for the corresponding parton-parton processes. We then compute the lepton angular, energy and transverse-momentum distributions in ppbar/pp collisions to clarify how they are affected by those anomalous couplings.

Zenro HIOKI; Kazumasa OHKUMA

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

343

Femtosecond laser pulse filamentation under anomalous dispersion in fused silica. Part 1. Numerical investigation  

SciTech Connect

We report the results of investigation of femtosecond laser pulse filamentation in fused silica by varying the wavelength in the range from 800 to 2300 nm. It is shown that in the case of the anomalous group-velocity dispersion, a sequence of 'light bullets' with a high spatial and temporal localisation of the light field is formed along the filament. The relation of the formation and propagation of light bullets with the formation of an isolated anti-Stokes wing of the supercontinuum spectrum is established. (nonlinear optical phenomena)

Smetanina, E O; Kompanets, V O; Chekalin, Sergei V; Kandidov, V P

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

344

Search for Anomalous Production of Events with Two Photons and Additional Energetic Objects at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The authors present results of a search for anomalous production of two photons together with an electron, muon, {tau} lepton, missing transverse energy, or jets using p{bar p} collision data from 1.1-2.0 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). The event yields and kinematic distributions are examined for signs for new physics without favoring a specific model of new physics. The results are consistent with the standard model expectations. The search employs several new analysis techniques that significantly reduce instrumental backgrounds in channels with an electron and missing transverse energy.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Adelman, J.; /Chicago U., EFI; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /Padua U. /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U.; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U. /Kosice, IEF; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Apresyan, A.; /Purdue U.; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U. /Dubna, JINR

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Anomalous heat-kernel decay for random walk among polynomial lower tail random conductances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the nearest-neighbor simple random walk on $\\Z^{d}$, $d\\geq 4$, driven by a field of i.i.d. random nearest-neighbor conductances $\\omega_{xy}\\in[0,1]$. Our aim is to derive estimates of the heat-kernel decay in a case where ellipticity assumption is absent. We consider the case of independant conductances with polynomial tail near 0 and obtain for almost every environment an anomalous lower bound on the heat-kernel.

Boukhadra, Omar

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Horizontal, Anomalous U(1) Symmetry for the More Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct explicit examples with a horizontal, ``anomalous'' $U(1)$ gauge group, which, in a supersymmetric extension of the standard model, reproduce qualitative features of the fermion spectrum and CKM matrix, and suppress FCNC and proton decay rates without the imposition of global symmetries. We review the motivation for such ``more'' minimal supersymmetric standard models and their predictions for the sparticle spectrum. There is a mass hierarchy in the scalar sector which is the inverse of the fermion mass hierarchy. We show in detail why DeltaS = 2 FCNC are suppressed when compared with naive estimates for nondegenerate squarks.

Ann E. Nelson; David Wright

1997-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

Questions about Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

off just the north (or just the south) end of a magnet? Are magnets stronger than gravity? Hold a magnet in the air. Place a nail against it. The magnet holds the nail up...

348

A linear Stark shift in dressed atoms as a signal to measure a nuclear anapole moment with a cold atom fountain or interferometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate theoretically the existence of a linear dc Stark shift of the individual substates of an alkali atom in its ground state, dressed by a circularly polarized laser field. It arises from the electroweak nuclear anapole moment violating P but not T. It is characterized by the pseudoscalar equal to the mixed product formed with the photon angular momentum and static electric and magnetic fields. We derive the relevant left-right asymmetry with its complete signature in a field configuration selected for a precision measurement with cold atom beams. The 3,3 to 4,3 Cs hyperfine-transition frequency shift amounts to 7 $\\mu$Hz for a laser power of about 1 kW at 877 nm, E=100 kV/cm and B larger than 0.5 G.

Bouchiat, M A

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

A linear Stark shift in dressed atoms as a signal to measure a nuclear anapole moment with a cold atom fountain or interferometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate theoretically the existence of a linear dc Stark shift of the individual substates of an alkali atom in its ground state, dressed by a circularly polarized laser field. It arises from the electroweak nuclear anapole moment violating P but not T. It is characterized by the pseudoscalar equal to the mixed product formed with the photon angular momentum and static electric and magnetic fields. We derive the relevant left-right asymmetry with its complete signature in a field configuration selected for a precision measurement with cold atom beams. The 3,3 to 4,3 Cs hyperfine-transition frequency shift amounts to 7 $\\mu$Hz for a laser power of about 1 kW at 877 nm, E=100 kV/cm and B larger than 0.5 G.

Marie-Anne Bouchiat

2006-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

350

A quadrature-based third-order moment method for dilute gas-particle flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dilute gas-particle flows can be described by a kinetic equation containing terms for spatial transport, gravity, fluid drag, and particle-particle collisions. However, the direct numerical solution of the kinetic equation is intractable for most applications ... Keywords: Boltzmann equation, Gas-particle flows, Kinetic equation, Quadrature method of moments, Velocity distribution function

R. O. Fox

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

ccsd00004205, Calculation of accurate permanent dipole moments of the lowest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

inhomogeneous external electric #12;elds [18]. Besides, the "`historical"' approach based on photoassociation of molecules with a permanent electric dipole moment (usually labelled as dipolar molecules) using computed the rates for the photoassociation of mixed alkali pairs, and for the susbsequent formation

352

Improvement of the disc harmonic moments descriptor by an exponentially decaying distance transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors propose an improvement of a recent region-based shape descriptor inspired by the 3D spherical harmonics: the Disk Harmonic Moments Descriptor (DHMD). The binary image is weighted by an exponentially decaying distance transform (EDDT) before ... Keywords: content-based image, distance transform, legendre polynomials, region-based shape descriptor, retrieval, salience distance transform, spherical harmonics

Noureddine Ennahnahi; Mohammed Oumsis; Mohammed Meknassi

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Whitening in Range to Improve Weather Radar Spectral Moment Estimates. Part I: Formulation and Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for estimation of spectral moments on pulsed weather radars is presented. This scheme operates on oversampled echoes in range; that is, samples of in-phase and quadrature-phase components are collected at a rate several times larger than ...

Sebastián M. Torres; Dušan S. Zrni?

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Analysis of hydraulic tomography using temporal moments of drawdown recovery data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Tian-Chyi J. Yeh Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona are discussed subsequently. Citation: Zhu, J., and T.-C. J. Yeh (2006), Analysis of hydraulic tomography using temporal moments of drawdown recovery data, Water Resour. Res., 42, W02403, doi:10.1029/2005WR004309. 1

Daniels, Jeffrey J.

355

Modeling Supersaturation and Subgrid-Scale Mixing with Two-Moment Bulk Warm Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes further developments of a two-moment warm rain bulk microphysics scheme suitable for addressing the indirect impact of atmospheric aerosols on ice-free clouds in large-eddy simulation (LES) models. The emphasis is on the ...

Hugh Morrison; Wojciech W. Grabowski

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Higher-order quadrature-based moment methods for kinetic equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kinetic equations containing terms for spatial transport, body forces, and particle-particle collisions occur in many applications (e.g., rarefied gases, dilute granular gases, fluid-particle flows). The direct numerical solution of the kinetic equation ... Keywords: Boltzmann equation, Dilute particle flows, Kinetic equation, Quadrature method of moments, Rarefied gas flows, Velocity distribution function

R. O. Fox

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

A quadrature-based moment method for dilute fluid-particle flows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gas-particle and other dispersed-phase flows can be described by a kinetic equation containing terms for spatial transport, acceleration, and particle processes (such as evaporation or collisions). In principle, the kinetic description is valid from ... Keywords: Fluid-particle flows, Kinetic equation, Multiphase systems, Number density function, Quadrature method of moments

O. Desjardins; R. O. Fox; P. Villedieu

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

PHYSICAL REVIEW C 72, 045503 (2005) Time-reversal-violating Schiff moment of 199  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the odd-A Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov ground state generated by a Skyrme interaction and a weak P- and T the nuclear "Schiff moment" S 0|Sz | 0 , (1) which is the nuclear ground-state expectation value, in the substate | 0 with angular momentum projection MJ equal to the angular momentum J, of the z

Engel, Jonathan

359

IMPLEMENTATION OF A -NQR SYSTEM AT THE NSCL FOR GROUND STATE QUADRUPOLE MOMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and provides an important test of nuclear structure models. The detected nuclear quadrupole resonance (-NQR The nuclear electric quadrupole moment, Q, is a direct measure of the nuclear charge distribution. An rf leak test performed on the constructed system showed no significant rf leak- age from the high

Mantica, Paul F.

360

A General Method to Estimate Earthquake Moment and Magnitude using Regional Phase Amplitudes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a general method of estimating earthquake magnitude using regional phase amplitudes, called regional M{sub o} or regional M{sub w}. Conceptually, this method uses an earthquake source model along with an attenuation model and geometrical spreading which accounts for the propagation to utilize regional phase amplitudes of any phase and frequency. Amplitudes are corrected to yield a source term from which one can estimate the seismic moment. Moment magnitudes can then be reliably determined with sets of observed phase amplitudes rather than predetermined ones, and afterwards averaged to robustly determine this parameter. We first examine in detail several events to demonstrate the methodology. We then look at various ensembles of phases and frequencies, and compare results to existing regional methods. We find regional M{sub o} to be a stable estimator of earthquake size that has several advantages over other methods. Because of its versatility, it is applicable to many more events, particularly smaller events. We make moment estimates for earthquakes ranging from magnitude 2 to as large as 7. Even with diverse input amplitude sources, we find magnitude estimates to be more robust than typical magnitudes and existing regional methods and might be tuned further to improve upon them. The method yields a more meaningful quantity of seismic moment, which can be recast as M{sub w}. Lastly, it is applied here to the Middle East region using an existing calibration model, but it would be easy to transport to any region with suitable attenuation calibration.

Pasyanos, M E

2009-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Heart stopping moments with zebrafish: imaging inside the living, beating heart  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart stopping moments with zebrafish: imaging inside the living, beating heart Seamless this application, enabling researchers to carry out precision "healing" studies on the moving heart by targeting of development Jonathan M. Taylor, Glasgow University d "Realtime Optical Gating for 3D Heart Imaging", Journal

Greenaway, Alan

362

CONSTRAINTS ON FREE-FREE EMISSION FROM ANOMALOUS MICROWAVE EMISSION SOURCES IN THE PERSEUS MOLECULAR CLOUD  

SciTech Connect

We present observations performed with the Green Bank Telescope at 1.4 and 5 GHz of three strips coincident with the anomalous microwave emission features previously identified in the Perseus molecular cloud at 33 GHz with the Very Small Array. With these observations we determine the level of the low frequency ({approx}1-5 GHz) emission. We do not detect any significant extended emission in these regions and we compute conservative 3{sigma} upper limits on the fraction of free-free emission at 33 GHz of 27%, 12%, and 18% for the three strips, indicating that the level of the emission at 1.4 and 5 GHz cannot account for the emission observed at 33 GHz. Additionally, we find that the low frequency emission is not spatially correlated with the emission observed at 33 GHz. These results indicate that the emission observed in the Perseus molecular cloud at 33 GHz, is indeed in excess over the low frequency emission, hence confirming its anomalous nature.

Tibbs, C. T. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Paladini, R. [NASA Herschel Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Dickinson, C.; Davies, R. D.; Davis, R. J.; Watson, R. A. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Mason, B. S. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Casassus, S. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Cleary, K., E-mail: ctibbs@ipac.caltech.edu [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

363

Search for anomalous ZZ{gamma} and Z{gamma}{gamma} couplings with D0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A direct test of the Standard Model by searching for anomalous ZZ{gamma} and Z{gamma}{gamma} couplings is presented. The authors analyze p{bar p} {yields} ll{gamma} + X, (l = e,{mu}) events at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV with the D0d detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A fit to the transverse energy spectrum of the photon in the signal events, based on the data set corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 13.9 pb{sup {minus}1} (13.3 pb{sup {minus}1}) for the electron (muon) channel, yields the following 95% CL limits on the anomalous CP-conserving ZZ{gamma} couplings: -1.9 < h{sub 30}{sup Z} < 1.8 (h{sub 40}{sup Z} = 0), and -0.5 < h{sub 40}{sup Z} < 0.5 ({sub 30}{sup Z} = 0), for a form-factor scale {Lambda} = 500 GeV. Limits on the Z{gamma}{gamma} couplings and CP-violating couplings are also discussed.

Landsberg, G.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

AN EMPIRICAL EXPLANATION OF THE ANOMALOUS INCREASES IN THE ASTRONOMICAL UNIT AND THE LUNAR ECCENTRICITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The subject of this paper is the empirically determined anomalous secular increases of the astronomical unit, of the order of some cm yr{sup -1}, and of the eccentricity of the lunar orbit, of the order of 10{sup -12} yr{sup -1}. The aim is to find an empirical explanation of both anomalies as far as their orders of magnitude are concerned. The methods employed are working out perturbatively with the Gauss equations the secular effects on the semi-major axis a and the eccentricity e of a test particle orbiting a central body acted upon by a small anomalous radial acceleration A proportional to the radial velocity v{sub r} of the particle-body relative motion. The results show that non-vanishing secular variations and (e) occur. If the magnitude of the coefficient of proportionality of the extra-acceleration is of the same order of magnitude as the Hubble parameter H{sub 0} = 7.47 x 10{sup -11} yr{sup -1} at the present epoch, they are able to explain both astrometric anomalies without contradicting other existing observational determinations for the Moon and the other planets of the solar system. Finally, it is concluded that the extra-acceleration might be of cosmological origin, provided that the relative radial particle-body motion is accounted for in addition to that due to the cosmological expansion only. Further data analyses should confirm or disprove the existence of both astrometric anomalies as genuine physical phenomena.

Iorio, L., E-mail: lorenzo.iorio@libero.it [Viale Unita di Italia 68 70125 Bari (Italy)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

The Astromag Superconducting Magnet Facility Configured for a FreeFlying Satellite  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

ASTROMAG is a particle astrophysics facility that was originally configured for the Space Station. The heart of the ASTROMAG facility is a large superconducting magnet which is cooled using superfluid helium. The task of resizing the facility so that it will fly in a satellite in. a high angle of inclination orbit is driven by the launch weight capability of the launch rocket and the desire to be able to do nearly the same physics as the Space Station version of ASTROMAG. In order to reduce the launch weight, the magnet and its cryogenic system had to be downsized, yet the integrated field generated by the magnet in the particle detectors has to match the Space Station version of the magnet. The use of aluminum matrix superconductor and oriented composite materials in the magnet insulation permits one to achieve this goal. The net magnetic dipole moment from the ASTROMAG magnet must be small to minimize the torque due to interaction with the earth's magnetic field. The ASTROMAG magnet consists of identical two coils 1.67 meters apart. The two coils are connected in series in persistent mode. Each coil is designed to carry 2.34 million ampere turns. Both coils are mounted on the same magnetic axis and they operate at opposite polarity. This reduces the dipole moment by a factor of more than 1000. This is tolerable for the Space Station version of the magnet. A magnet operating on a free flying satellite requires additional compensation. This report presents the magnet parameters of a free flying version of ASTROMAG and the parameters of the space cryogenic system for the magnet.

Green, M.A.; Smoot, George F.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Anomalous zones in Gulf Coast Salt domes with special reference to Big Hill, TX, and Weeks Island, LA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous features in Gulf Coast Salt domes exhibit deviations from normally pure salt and vary widely in form from one dome to the next, ranging considerably in length and width. They have affected both conventional and solution mining in several ways. Gas outbursts, insolubles, and potash (especially carnallite) have led to the breakage of tubing in a number of caverns, and caused irregular shapes of many caverns through preferential leaching. Such anomalous features essentially have limited the lateral extent of conventional mining at several salt mines, and led to accidents and even the closing of several other mines. Such anomalous features, are often aligned in anomalous zones, and appear to be related to diapiric processes of salt dome development. Evidence indicates that anomalous zones are found between salt spines, where the differential salt intrusion accumulates other materials: Anhydrite bands which are relatively strong, and other, weaker impurities. Shear zones and fault displacement detected at Big Hill and Weeks Island domes have not yet had any known adverse impacts on SPR oil storage, but new caverns at these sites conceivably may encounter some potentially adverse conditions. Seismic reflection profiles at Big Hill dome have shown numerous fractures and faults in the caprock, and verified the earlier recognition of a major shear zone transecting the entire salt stock and forming a graben in the overlying caprock. Casing that is placed in such zones can be at risk. Knowledge of these zones should create awareness of possible effects rather than preclude the future emplacement of caverns. To the extent possible, major anomalous zones and salt stock boundaries should be avoided. Shear zones along overhangs may be particularly hazardous, and otherwise unknown valleys in the top of salt may occur along shear zones. These zones often can be mapped geophysically, especially with high-resolution seismic techniques.

Neal, J.T. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Magorian, T.R. [Magorian (Thomas R.), Amherst, NY (United States); Thoms, R.L. [AGM, Inc., College Station, TX (United States); Autin, W.J.; McCulloh, R.P. [Louisiana Geological Survey, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Denzler, S.; Byrne, K.O. [Acres International Corp., Amherst, NY (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Anomalously low thermal conductivity and thermoelectric properties of new cationic clathrates in the Sn-In-As-I system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Single-crystal samples of cationic clathrates in the Sn-In-As-I system with different indium contents have been synthesized. Their crystal structure has been analyzed and their thermoelectric properties have been measured. These compounds are found to be n-type semiconductors with high absolute values of the Seebeck coefficient (S = 400-600 {mu}V/K) and anomalously low thermal conductivity ({kappa} {materials. The reasons for the anomalously low thermal conductivity of these semiconductors are discussed and ways for optimizing their thermoelectric properties are shown.

Shevelkov, A. V.; Kelm, E. A.; Olenev, A. V. [Moscow State University, Faculty of Chemistry (Russian Federation); Kulbachinskii, V. A., E-mail: kulb@mig.phys.msu.ru; Kytin, V. G. [Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

magnets2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II II Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

369

Magnetic Reconnection  

SciTech Connect

We review the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space plasmas, by discussing results from theory, numerical simulations, observations from space satellites, and the recent results from laboratory plasma experiments. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. In the area of local reconnection physics, many significant findings have been made with regard to two- uid physics and are related to the cause of fast reconnection. Profiles of the neutral sheet, Hall currents, and the effects of guide field, collisions, and micro-turbulence are discussed to understand the fundamental processes in a local reconnection layer both in space and laboratory plasmas. While the understanding of the global reconnection dynamics is less developed, notable findings have been made on this issue through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas. Application of magnetic reconnection physics to astrophysical plasmas is also brie y discussed.

Masaaki Yamada, Russell Kulsrud and Hantao Ji

2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

370

Watch it Live at 1pm: Secretary Chu Talks "Sputnik Moment" at Press Club |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Watch it Live at 1pm: Secretary Chu Talks "Sputnik Moment" at Press Watch it Live at 1pm: Secretary Chu Talks "Sputnik Moment" at Press Club Watch it Live at 1pm: Secretary Chu Talks "Sputnik Moment" at Press Club November 29, 2010 - 11:39am Addthis At 1pm ET today, Secretary Chu will deliver a speech at the National Press Club in DC calling on the United States to sharply accelerate innovations in clean energy -- citing China and other countries' recent advances in clean technology as a critical "Sputnik Moment" for the U.S. The event will begin at 12:30, and Chu will deliver his remarks at 1, followed by a question and answer session. You'll be able to watch live online here. UPDATE: Follow along with Secretary Chu's "Energy Race/Sputnik Moment" powerpoint as he talks live at the Press Club right now. (PDF) , (PPT)

371

Electron Fabry-Perot interferometer with two entangled magnetic impurities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a one-dimensional (1D) wire along which single conduction electrons can propagate in the presence of two spin-1/2 magnetic impurities. The electron may be scattered by each impurity via a contact-exchange interaction and thus a spin-flip generally occurs at each scattering event. Adopting a quantum waveguide theory approach, we derive the stationary states of the system at all orders in the electron-impurity exchange coupling constant. This allows us to investigate electron transmission for arbitrary initial states of the two impurity spins. We show that for suitable electron wave vectors, the triplet and singlet maximally entangled spin states of the impurities can respectively largely inhibit the electron transport or make the wire completely transparent for any electron spin state. In the latter case, a resonance condition can always be found, representing an anomalous behaviour compared to typical decoherence induced by magnetic impurities. We provide an explanation for these phenomena in term...

Ciccarello, F; Palma, G M; Vieira, V R; Zarcone, M

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Investigation of Sludge Batch 3 (Macrobatch 4) Glass Sample Anomalous Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) glass samples from Sludge Batch 3 (SB3) (Macrobatch 4) were received by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) on February 23, 2005. One sample, S02244, was designated for the Product Consistency Test (PCT) and elemental and radionuclide analyses. The second sample, S02247, was designated for archival storage. The samples were pulled from the melter pour stream during the feeding of Melter Feed Tank (MFT) Batch 308 and therefore roughly correspond to feed from Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) Batches 306-308. During the course of preparing sample S02244 for PCT and other analyses two observations were made which were characterized as ''unusual'' or anomalous behavior relative to historical observations of glasses prepared for the PCT. These observations ultimately led to a series of scoping tests in order to determine more about the nature of the behavior and possible mechanisms. The first observation was the behavior of the ground glass fraction (-100 +200 mesh) for PCT analysis when contacted with deionized water during the washing phase of the PCT procedure. The behavior was analogous to that of an organic compound in the presence of water: clumping, floating on the water surface, and crawling up the beaker walls. In other words, the glass sample did not ''wet'' normally, displaying a hydrophobic behavior in water. This had never been seen before in 18 years SRNL PCT tests on either radioactive or non-radioactive glasses. Typical glass behavior is largely to settle to the bottom of the water filled beaker, though there may be suspended fines which result in some cloudiness to the wash water. The typical appearance is analogous to wetting sand. The second observation was the presence of faint black rings at the initial and final solution levels in the Teflon vessels used for the mixed acid digestion of S02244 glass conducted for compositional analysis. The digestion is composed of two stages, and at both the intermediate and the final content levels in the digestion vessel the rings were present. The rings had not been seen previously during glass digestions and were not present in the Analytical Reference Glass (ARG) standard samples digested, in separate vessels, along with the DWPF glass. What follows in this report are the results and analyses from various scoping experiments done in order to explain the anomalous behavior observed with DWPF glass S02244, along with a comparison with tests on sample S02247 where the anomalous wetting behavior was not observed.

Bannochie, C. J.; Bibler, N. E.; Peeler, D. K.

2005-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

373

A High-Order Finite-Volume Algorithm for Fokker-Planck Collisions in Magnetized Plasmas  

SciTech Connect

A high-order finite volume algorithm is developed for the Fokker-Planck Operator (FPO) describing Coulomb collisions in strongly magnetized plasmas. The algorithm is based on a general fourth-order reconstruction scheme for an unstructured grid in the velocity space spanned by parallel velocity and magnetic moment. The method provides density conservation and high-order-accurate evaluation of the FPO independent of the choice of the velocity coordinates. As an example, a linearized FPO in constant-of-motion coordinates, i.e. the total energy and the magnetic moment, is developed using the present algorithm combined with a cut-cell merging procedure. Numerical tests include the Spitzer thermalization problem and the return to isotropy for distributions initialized with velocity space loss cones. Utilization of the method for a nonlinear FPO is straightforward but requires evaluation of the Rosenbluth potentials.

Xiong, Z; Cohen, R H; Rognlien, T D; Xu, X Q

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

374

Magnetic and electrostatic confinement of plasma with tuning of electrostatic field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for containing plasma and forming a Field Reversed Configuration (FRC) magnetic topology are described in which plasma ions are contained magnetically in stable, non-adiabatic orbits in the FRC. Further, the electrons are contained electrostatically in a deep energy well, created by tuning an externally applied magnetic field. The simultaneous electrostatic confinement of electrons and magnetic confinement of ions avoids anomalous transport and facilitates classical containment of both electrons and ions. In this configuration, ions and electrons may have adequate density and temperature so that upon collisions they are fused together by nuclear force, thus releasing fusion energy. Moreover, the fusion fuel plasmas that can be used with the present confinement system and method are not limited to neutronic fuels only, but also advantageously include advanced fuels.

Rostoker, Norman (Irvine, CA); Binderbauer, Michl (Irvine, CA); Qerushi, Artan (Irvine, CA); Tahsiri, Hooshang (Irvine, CA)

2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

375

Magneto-electric Effect and Magnetic Charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that both the electric and magnetic dipole moment vectors of hydrogen atom in the excited states with wave function $$ u_n^{(\\pm)} = {1\\over\\sqrt 2} [R_{n,n-1}(r) Y_{n-1,\\pm (n-2)}(\\theta\\phi) \\pm R_{n,n-2}(r) Y_{n-2,\\pm (n-2)}(\\theta\\phi)]$$ align themselves in the direction of an external uniform electric field which is characteristic of magneto-electric effect. These states are found to have magnetic charge $g={3n\\over (n-2)e}$ on account of this effect. This result is confirmed by an independent method. An experiment is suggested to fabricate these states and detect the magnetic charge. It ma be worth noting that inspite of many experimental searchs, magnetic charge, whose existence has been theorized both in electrodynamics and non-abelian gauge theories, none have been found so far, nor there exist any suggstion as to where these are to be found.

T. Pradhan

2003-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

376

Neutrino Propagation in a Strongly Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general expressions at the one-loop level for the coefficients of the covariant structure of the neutrino self-energy in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The neutrino energy spectrum and index of refraction are obtained for neutral and charged media in the strong-field limit ($M_{W}\\gg \\sqrt{B}\\gg m_{e},T,\\mu ,| \\mathbf{p}| $) using the lowest Landau level approximation. The results found within the lowest Landau level approximation are numerically validated, summing in all Landau levels, for strong $B\\gg T^{2}$ and weakly-strong $B \\gtrsim T^{2}$ fields. The neutrino energy in leading order of the Fermi coupling constant is expressed as the sum of three terms: a kinetic-energy term, a term of interaction between the magnetic field and an induced neutrino magnetic moment, and a rest-energy term. The leading radiative correction to the kinetic-energy term depends linearly on the magnetic field strength and is independent of the chemical potential. The other two terms are only present in a charged medium. For strong and weakly-strong fields, it is found that the field-dependent correction to the neutrino energy in a neutral medium is much larger than the thermal one. Possible applications to cosmology and astrophysics are considered.

E. Elizalde; E. J. Ferrer; V. de la Incera

2004-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

377

Neutrino Propagation in a Strongly Magnetized Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive general expressions at the one-loop level for the coefficients of the covariant structure of the neutrino self-energy in the presence of a constant magnetic field. The neutrino energy spectrum and index of refraction are obtained for neutral and charged media in the strong-field limit ($M_{W}\\gg \\sqrt{B}\\gg m_{e},T,\\mu ,| \\mathbf{p}| $) using the lowest Landau level approximation. The results found within the lowest Landau level approximation are numerically validated, summing in all Landau levels, for strong $B\\gg T^{2}$ and weakly-strong $B \\gtrsim T^{2}$ fields. The neutrino energy in leading order of the Fermi coupling constant is expressed as the sum of three terms: a kinetic-energy term, a magnetic-field neutrino-induced-magnetic-moment interaction term, and a rest-energy term. The leading radiative correction to the kinetic-energy term depends linearly on the magnetic field strength and is independent of the chemical potential. The other two terms are only present in a charged medium. For str...

Elizalde, E; De la Incera, V

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

AMI OBSERVATIONS OF THE ANOMALOUS MICROWAVE EMISSION IN THE PERSEUS MOLECULAR CLOUD  

SciTech Connect

We present observations of the known anomalous microwave emission region, G159.6-18.5, in the Perseus molecular cloud at 16 GHz performed with the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager Small Array. These are the highest angular resolution observations of G159.6-18.5 at microwave wavelengths. By combining these microwave data with infrared observations between 5.8 and 160 {mu}m from the Spitzer Space Telescope, we investigate the existence of a microwave-infrared correlation on angular scales of {approx}2'. We find that the overall correlation appears to increase toward shorter infrared wavelengths, which is consistent with the microwave emission being produced by electric dipole radiation from small, spinning dust grains. We also find that the microwave-infrared correlation peaks at 24 {mu}m (6.7{sigma}), suggesting that the microwave emission is originating from a population of stochastically heated small interstellar dust grains rather than polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

Tibbs, C. T. [Spitzer Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Scaife, A. M. M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Highfield, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Dickinson, C.; Davies, R. D.; Davis, R. J.; Watson, R. A. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Paladini, R. [NASA Herschel Science Center, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Grainge, K. J. B., E-mail: ctibbs@ipac.caltech.edu [Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE (United Kingdom)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

379

Search for anomalous production of multiple leptons in association with $W$ and $Z$ bosons at CDF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a search for anomalous production of multiple low-energy leptons in association with a W or Z boson using events collected at the CDF experiment corresponding to 5.1 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. This search is sensitive to a wide range of topologies with low-momentum leptons, including those with the leptons near one another. The observed rates of production of additional electrons and muons are compared with the standard model predictions. No indications of phenomena beyond the standard model are found. A 95% confidence level limit is presented on the production cross section for a benchmark model of supersymmetric hidden-valley Higgs production. Particle identification efficiencies are also provided to enable the calculation of limits on additional models.

Aaltonen, T.; /Helsinki Inst. of Phys.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; /Oviedo U. /Cantabria Inst. of Phys.; Amerio, S.; /INFN, Padua; Amidei, D.; /Michigan U.; Anastassov, A.; /Northwestern U. /Fermilab; Annovi, A.; /Frascati; Antos, J.; /Comenius U.; Apollinari, G.; /Fermilab; Appel, J.A.; /Fermilab; Arisawa, T.; /Waseda U.; Artikov, A.; /Dubna, JINR /Texas A-M

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Lattice dynamics and anomalous softening in the YbFe4Sb12 skutterudite  

SciTech Connect

The lattice dynamics of the filled skutterudite YbFe{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} was studied by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy and an anomalous softening in the temperature dependence of the elastic constants at {approx}50 K was observed. This anomaly can not be explained by the dynamics of the filler, in contrast to other filled skutterudites. We have further investigated the origin of this anomaly using macroscopic and microscopic measurements. A rearrangement of the spectral weight of the Yb phonon states was observed in the temperature dependence of the density of phonon states, obtained by inelastic neutron scattering. We suggest that the anomaly is due to a change of the Yb valence state and that the anomaly and the phonon spectral weight rearrangement have the same origin.

Mochel, A. [Julich Center for Neutron Science, Julich, Germany; Sergueev, I. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF); Wille, H. -C. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF); Voigt, J. [Julich Center for Neutron Science, Julich, Germany; Prager, M. [Julich Center for Neutron Science, Julich, Germany; Stone, Matthew B [ORNL; Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Guguchia, Z. [Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia; Shengelaya, A. [Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia; Keppens, V. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hermann, Raphael P. [Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Anomalous Corrosion Behavior of Stainless Steels under SOFC Interconnect Exposure Conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In low temperature SOFC stacks, oxidation resistant alloys such as ferritic stainless steels have been proposed as candidate materials for the interconnect, which is simultaneously exposed to a fuel on the anode side and an oxidant on the cathode side. The corrosion behavior of ferritic stainless steels under these dual atmosphere exposure conditions was investigated in a specifically designed apparatus. It was discovered that, under the simultaneous exposure, the oxide scale formed on the airside of the sample was significantly different from scales formed when the alloy was exposed to air only. It appeared that the anomalous corrosion behavior during the simultaneous dual exposure was due to hydrogen transport through the bulk alloy from the fuel side to the air side.

Yang, Z Gary; Walker, Matthew S.; Singh, Prabhakar; Stevenson, Jeffry W.

2003-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

382

Structure determination of thin CoFe films by anomalous x-ray diffraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work reports on the investigation of structure-property relationships in thin CoFe films grown on MgO. Because of the very similar scattering factors of Fe and Co, it is not possible to distinguish the random A2 (W-type) structure from the ordered B2 (CsCl-type) structure with commonly used x-ray sources. Synchrotron radiation based anomalous x-ray diffraction overcomes this problem. It is shown that as grown thin films and 300 K post annealed films exhibit the A2 structure with a random distribution of Co and Fe. In contrast, films annealed at 400 K adopt the ordered B2 structure.

Gloskovskii, Andrei; Stryganyuk, Gregory; Ouardi, Siham [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Fecher, Gerhard H.; Felser, Claudia [Institut fuer Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, D-01187 Dresden (Germany); Hamrle, Jaroslav; Pistora, Jaromir [Department of Physics and Nanotechnology Centre, VSB-Technical University of Ostrava, 70833 Ostrava (Czech Republic); Bosu, Subrojati; Saito, Kesami; Sakuraba, Yuya; Takanashi, Koki [Institute for Materials Research (IMR), Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Anomalous electron heating and energy balance in an ion beam generated plasma  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The plasma described in this report is generated by a 15 to 34 kV ion beam, consisting primarily of protons, passing through an H/sub 2/ gas cell neutralizer. Plasma ions (or ion-electron pairs) are produced by electron capture from (or ionization of) gas molecules by beam ions and atoms. An explanation is provided for the observed anomalous behavior of the electron temperature (T/sub e/): a step-lite, nearly two-fold jump in T/sub e/ as the beam current approaches that which minimizes beam angular divergence; insensitivity of T/sub e/ to gas pressure; and the linear relation of T/sub e/ to beam energy.

Guethlein, G.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Entropy of the Nordic electricity market: anomalous scaling, spikes, and mean-reversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electricity market is a very peculiar market due to the large variety of phenomena that can affect the spot price. However, this market still shows many typical features of other speculative (commodity) markets like, for instance, data clustering and mean reversion. We apply the diffusion entropy analysis (DEA) to the Nordic spot electricity market (Nord Pool). We study the waiting time statistics between consecutive spot price spikes and find it to show anomalous scaling characterized by a decaying power-law. The exponent observed in data follows a quite robust relationship with the one implied by the DEA analysis. We also in terms of the DEA revisit topics like clustering, mean-reversion and periodicities. We finally propose a GARCH inspired model but for the price itself. Models in the context of stochastic volatility processes appear under this scope to have a feasible description.

Perello, J; Montero, M; Palatella, L; Simonsen, I; Masoliver, Jaume; Montero, Miquel; Palatella, Luigi; Perello, Josep; Simonsen, Ingve

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Fractal Location and Anomalous Diffusion Dynamics for Oil Wells from the KY Geological Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing data available from the Kentucky Geonet (KYGeonet.ky.gov) the fossil fuel mining locations created by the Kentucky Geological Survey geo-locating oil and gas wells are mapped using ESRI ArcGIS in Kentucky single plain 1602 ft projection. This data was then exported into a spreadsheet showing latitude and longitude for each point to be used for modeling at different scales to determine the fractal dimension of the set. Following the porosity and diffusivity studies of Tarafdar and Roy1 we extract fractal dimensions of the fossil fuel mining locations and search for evidence of scaling laws for the set of deposits. The Levy index is used to determine a match to a statistical mechanically motivated generalized probability function for the wells. This probability distribution corresponds to a solution of a dynamical anomalous diffusion equation of fractional order that describes the Levy paths which can be solved in the diffusion limit by the Fox H function ansatz.

Andrew, Keith; Andrew, Kevin A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Atmospheric Hydrology of the Anomalous 2002 Indian Summer Monsoon Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Atmospheric Hydrology of the Anomalous 2002 Indian Summer Monsoon J. FASULLO Program in Atmospheric, in final form 7 April 2005) ABSTRACT The 2002 Indian summer monsoon season is unique because of its in which ENSO events fail to be associated with significant monsoon anomalies. In this study, atmospheric

Fasullo, John

387

Matrix at slow roll: On the equivalence of the energy spectrum and anomalous dimensions for Yang-Mills models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the low energy limit of the massive version of a BFSS-like matrix model and show that in this limit it is equivalent to the matrix model introduced for description of the spectrum of anomalous dimensions for local gauge invariant composite operators in $\\mathcal{N}=4$ super Yang-Mills

Sochichiu, Corneliu

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

President Obama in North Carolina: "Our Generation's Sputnik Moment is  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in North Carolina: "Our Generation's Sputnik in North Carolina: "Our Generation's Sputnik Moment is Now" President Obama in North Carolina: "Our Generation's Sputnik Moment is Now" December 6, 2010 - 4:53pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Ed. Note cross posted from the White House Blog. As America fights to recover from the economic catastrophe that began almost three years ago, it's important to remember that America had already been falling behind, and that as we rebuild, we have to rebuild even better than we were before. The President talked about his vision and his specific proposals at the Forsyth Technical Community College in Winston-Salem, North Carolina this afternoon: In 1957, just before this college opened, the Soviet Union beat us into

389

THIRD MOMENTS AND THE ROLE OF ANISOTROPY FROM VELOCITY SHEAR IN THE SOLAR WIND  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have extended the recent analyses of magnetohydrodynamic third moments as they relate to the turbulent energy cascade in the solar wind to consider the effects of large-scale shear flows. Moments from a large set of Advanced Composition Explorer data have been taken, and chosen data intervals are characterized by the rate of change in the solar wind speed. Mean dissipation rates are obtained in accordance with the predictions of homogeneous shear-driven turbulence. Agreement with predictions is best made for rarefaction intervals where the solar wind speed is decreasing with time. For decreasing speed intervals, we find that the dissipation rates increase with increasing shear magnitude and that the shear-induced fluctuation anisotropy is consistent with a relatively small amount.

Stawarz, Joshua E.; Vasquez, Bernard J.; Smith, Charles W. [Physics Department, Space Science Center, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Forman, Miriam A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3800 (United States); Klewicki, Joseph, E-mail: jek32@cisunix.unh.edu, E-mail: Bernie.Vasquez@unh.edu, E-mail: Charles.Smith@unh.edu, E-mail: Miriam.Forman@sunysb.edu, E-mail: Joe.Klewicki@unh.edu [Mechanical Engineering Department, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States)

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

390

Binomial moments of the distance distribution and the probability of undetected error  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In [1] K.A.S. Abdel-Ghaffar derives a lower bound on the probability of undetected error for unrestricted codes. The proof relies implicitly on the binomial moments of the distance distribution of the code. The authors use the fact that these moments count the size of subcodes of the code to give a very simple proof of the bound in [1] by showing that it is essentially equivalent to the Singleton bound. They discuss some combinatorial connections revealed by this proof. They also discuss some improvements of this bound. Finally, they analyze asymptotics. They show that an upper bound on the undetected error exponent that corresponds to the bound of [1] improves known bounds on this function.

Barg, A. [Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ (United States). Bell Labs.; Ashikhmin, A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

XMCD experimental station optimized for ultrathin magnetic films at HiSOR-BL14  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have constructed a system for in situ X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements of ultrathin magnetic films at the soft X-ray beamline HiSOR-BL14 at Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center. The XMCD experimental station is directly connected to the beamline, and equipped with a sample fabrication chamber where various types of ultrathin magnetic films can be grown with monatomic layer control. XMCD spectra of the as-grown samples can be measured with adequate precision for the analysis of magnetic moments, under proper control of the light polarization in the beamline optics. This system has enabled the investigation of natural magnetic states in the ultrathin magnetic films without the influence of surface oxidation or any cap-layers.

Sawada, Masahiro; Namatame, Hirofumi [Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University, 2-313 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hirohisma, Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan); Ueno, Tetsuro; Tagashira, Tetsuro [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan); Taniguchi, Masaki [Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center, Hiroshima University, 2-313 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hirohisma, Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan); Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

392

Search of anomalous $Wtb$ couplins in single top quark prodution at D0  

SciTech Connect

The large mass of the top quark, close to the electroweak symmetry-breaking scale, makes it a good candidate for probing physics beyond the Standard Model, including possible anomalous couplings. D0 has made measurements of single top quark production using 5.4 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity. We examine the data to study the Lorentz structure of the Wtb coupling. We find that the data prefer the left-handed vector coupling and set upper limits on the anomalous couplings. In 2009, the electroweak single top quark production was observed by the D0 and CDF collaborations. Electroweak production of top quarks at the Tevatron proceeds mainly via the decay of a time-like virtual W boson accompanied by a bottom quark in the s-channel (tb = t{bar b} + {bar t}b), or via the exchange of a space-like virtual W boson between a light quark and a bottom quark in the t-channel (tqb = tq{bar b} + {bar t}qb, where q refers to the light quark). For a top quark mass of 172.5 GeV, The Standard Model (SM) prediction of single top production rate at next-to-leading order with soft-gluon contributions at next-to-next-to-leading order are 1.04 {+-} 0.04 pb (s-channel) and 2.26 {+-} 0.12 pb (t-channel). The large mass of the top quark implies that it has large couplings to the electroweak symmetry breaking sector of the SM and may have non-standard interactions with the weak gauge bosons. Single top quark production provides a unique probe to study the interactions of the top quark with the W boson.

Joshi, Jyoti; Beri, Suman; /Panjab U.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Approximate Integrals of rf-driven Particle Motion in Magnetic Field  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For a particle moving in nonuniform magnetic field under the action of an rf wave, ponderomotive effects result from rf-driven oscillations nonlinearly coupled with Larmor rotation. Using Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism, we show how, despite this coupling, two independent integrals of the particle motion are approximately conserved. Those are the magnetic moment of free Larmor rotation and the quasi-energy of the guiding center motion parallel to the magnetic field. Under the assumption of non-resonant interaction of the particle with the rf field, these integrals represent adiabatic invariants of the particle motion.

I.Y. Dodin; N.J. Fisch

2004-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

394

The electric dipole moment of the nucleon from simulations at imaginary vacuum angle theta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the electric dipole moment of proton and neutron from lattice QCD simulations with N_f=2 flavors of dynamical quarks at imaginary vacuum angle theta. The calculation proceeds via the CP odd form factor F_3. A novel feature of our calculation is that we use partially twisted boundary conditions to extract F_3 at zero momentum transfer. As a byproduct, we test the QCD vacuum at nonvanishing theta.

R. Horsley; T. Izubuchi; Y. Nakamura; D. Pleiter; P. E. L. Rakow; G. Schierholz; J. Zanotti

2008-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

Ce dernier potentiel d'ionisation peut servir au calcul des moments magntiques nuclaires du plutonium,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plutonium, mais nous avons constaté par la suite, qu'un facteur 2 a été omis dans notre calcul du nombre valeurs probables des moments magnétiques nucléaires sont : y(239Pu) = 0,175 + 0,040 magnétons nucléaires y(241Pu) = 0,62 ± 0,15 » » L'incertitude des résultats provient principalemenl des mesures de la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

396

Measurement of the Moments of the Hadronic Invariant Mass Distribution in Semileptonic Beta Decays  

SciTech Connect

Using 180 pb{sup -1} of data collected with the CDF II detector at the Tevatron, we measure the first two moments of the hadronic invariant mass-squared distribution in charmed semileptonic B decays. From these we determine the non-perturbative Heavy Quark Effective Theory parameters {Lambda} and {lambda}{sub 1} used to relate the B meson semileptonic branching ratio to the CKM matrix element |V{sub cb}|.

Acosta, D.; The CDF Collaboration TITLE=Measuremen

2005-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

397

Homometallic and Heterometallic Antiferromagnetic Rings: Magnetic Properties Studied by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

SciTech Connect

The aim of the present thesis is to investigate the local magnetic properties of homometallic Cr{sub 8} antiferromagnetic (AFM) ring and the changes occurring by replacing one Cr{sup 3+} ion with diamagnetic Cd{sup 2+} (Cr{sub 7}Cd) and with Ni{sup 2+} (Cr{sub 7}Ni). In the heterometallic ring a redistribution of the local magnetic moment is expected in the low temperature ground state. We have investigated those changes by both {sup 53}Cr-NMR and {sup 19}F-NMR. We have determined the order of magnitude of the transferred hyperfine coupling constant {sup 19}F - M{sup +} where M{sup +} = Cr{sup 3+}, Ni{sup 2+} in the different rings. This latter result gives useful information about the overlapping of the electronic wavefunctions involved in the coordinative bond.

Casadei, Cecilia

2012-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

398

Capacity and Character Expansions: Moment generating function and other exact results for MIMO correlated channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a promising new method from the field of representations of Lie groups to calculate integrals over unitary groups, which are important for multi-antenna communications. To demonstrate the power and simplicity of this technique, we first re-derive a number of results that have been used recently in the community of wireless information theory, using only a few simple steps. In particular, we derive the joint probability distribution of eigenvalues of the matrix GG*, with G a semicorrelated Gaussian random matrix or a Gaussian random matrix with a non-zero mean (and G* its hermitian conjugate) . These joint probability distribution functions can then be used to calculate the moment generating function of the mutual information for Gaussian channels with multiple antennas on both ends with this probability distribution of their channel matrices G. We then turn to the previously unsolved problem of calculating the moment generating function of the mutual information of MIMO (multiple input-multiple output) channels, which are correlated at both the receiver and the transmitter. From this moment generating function we obtain the ergodic average of the mutual information and study the outage probability. These methods can be applied to a number of other problems. As a particular example, we examine unitary encoded space-time transmission of MIMO systems and we derive the received signal distribution when the channel matrix is correlated at the transmitter end.

Steven H. Simon; Aris L. Moustakas; Luca Marinelli

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

399

Superconducting magnet  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.

Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Magnet innovations for linacs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is possible to produce large magnetic fields at the aperture of permanent magnet quadrupoles, even when the magnetic aperture is very small. That, combined with their compactness, makes permanent magnet quadrupoles very powerful components of small aperture linacs. Results will be presented about past and present work on both fixed and variable strength permanent magnets suitable for use in and around linacs.

Halbach, K.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism of ferromagnetic Co{sub 4}N epitaxial films on SrTiO{sub 3}(001) substrates grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

5-nm thick Co{sub 4}N layers capped with 3-nm thick Au layers were grown epitaxially on SrTiO{sub 3}(001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy using solid Co and a radio-frequency NH{sub 3} plasma. Spin and orbital magnetic moments of the Co{sub 4}N layers were estimated using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements at 300 K. The site-averaged Co 3d spin magnetic moment is evaluated to be about 1.4 {mu}{sub B}, which is smaller than that predicted theoretically (1.58 {mu}{sub B}). The element-specific XMCD intensities for the Co L{sub 3} edge and N K edge show that the magnetic moment is induced at the N atoms.

Ito, Keita; Harada, Kazunori; Toko, Kaoru; Suemasu, Takashi [Institute of Applied Physics, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Ye, Mao; Kimura, Akio [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Takeda, Yukiharu; Saitoh, Yuji [Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), SPring-8, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Akinaga, Hiro [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Ibaraki 305-8569 (Japan)

2011-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

402

Magnetism in Non-Traditional Materials  

SciTech Connect

We performed a systematic microscopic investigation of two completely dissimilar materials (namely, ZnO and rhombohedral-C{sub 60} polymers) exhibiting ferromagnetism in the presence of defects, and showed that this new phenomena has a common origin and the mechanism responsible can be used as a powerful tool for inducing and tailoring magnetic features in systems which are not magnetic otherwise. Based on our findings we proposed a general recipe for developing ferromagnetism in new materials of great technological interest. Our results support the role of complimentary pairs of defects in inducing magnetism in otherwise non-magnetic materials belonging to two widely differing classes with no apparent correlation between them. In both classes, ferromagnetism is found to be enhanced when the two kinds of defects form structures (pathways) of alternating effective donor and acceptor crystal sites leading to the development of electron charge and spin density like waves. Using ab initio density functional theory calculations we predicted the existence of a new class of carbon cages formed via hybrid connection between planar graphene sheets and carbon nanotubes. The resulting novel structure has the appearance of ?nano-drum? and offers the exciting prospect of integrating useful device properties of both graphene as well as the nanotube into a single unit with tunable electronic properties. Creation of a hexagonal hole in the graphene portion of this structure results in significant magnetic moments for the edge atoms. The structure appears to be capable of sustaining ferrimagnetic state with the assistance of topological defects. The charge and spin distributions obtained in our calculations for the nano-drums are in striking contrast to those in planar graphene nanoribbons with a central hole. In this case, the central hole appears as the complimentary defect to those of the ribbon edges. Similar situation is found in case of the nano-drum in which the complimentary to the hole defects appear to be the pentagons along the curved surface of the drum. Charge oscillations found in the nano-drum are minimized in the nanoribbons. But more importantly, the hole edge atoms in the nano-drums retain significant magnetic moments; almost twice those of the corresponding ones in hydrogenated graphene nanoribbons (H-GNRs). These results suggest that the topological defects in the nano-drums may act like blocks to keep magnetic moments from ?leaking? out from the hole defects. This may have significant implications for the the use of nano-drums in magnetic storage technology where the ratio, magnetic-moment/weight, is of paramount importance in any futuristic device applications. One of the basic problems of the DFT/LSDA+U theory is the efficient evaluation of the U-term. With this in mind we proposed an alternative approach for its calculation which is based on the knowledge of the Hartree-Fock wave functions of the system under consideration. As a result, the proposed approach is closer to the basic definition of the DFT/LSDA+U scheme and its hybrid-DFT nature. According to our approach, the U value is obtained in a consistent and ab-initio way using the self-consistently calculated wave functions of the given system at the level of the HF approximation. Our method is applicable for systems which include more than one type of elements with localized d-orbitals. The method has been applied the case of the doped Zn(Co)O systems successfully. Currently, theories based on conventional superexchange or double-exchange interactions cannot explain long range magnetic order at concentrations below percolation threshold in dilute magnetic semiconductors. On the other hand, the codoping induced magnetism, which can justify magnetic interactions below percolation threshold, has eluded explanation. With this in mind, we proposed that defect-induced magnetism in codoped non-magnetic materials can be viewed within a molecular generalization of the atomic double-exchange and superexchange interactions applied to an arbitrary bipartite lattice host

Menon, Madhu

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

403

Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Print Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Print Using spectroscopic information for magnetometry and magnetic microscopy obviously requires detailed theoretical understanding of spectral shape and magnitude of dichroism signals. A research team at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 has now shown unambiguously that, contrary to common belief, spectral shape and magnitude of x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) are not only determined by the relative orientation of magnetic moments and x-ray polarization, but their orientation relative to the crystallographic axes must be taken into account for accurate interpretation of XMLD data. Magnetism and X Rays The ancient Greeks and also the Chinese knew about strange and rare stones with the power to attract iron. Moreover, when freely suspended these objects pointed north-south. Throughout the past, we have used this phenomenon-magnetism-for navigation and more recently for power production and digital information storage, all while trying to explore and understand its origins. In 1986 researchers at a facility similar to the ALS observed for the first time that the absorption of x rays depends not only on the composition of a material-that is, if it contains iron, nickel, or other elements-but also on its magnetism. The effect is unique in that it allows us to distinguish which atomic species magnetism originates from and provides information about their local atomic environment-for example, whether a magnetic species is surrounded by 4 or 6 oxygen atoms. A research team at the ALS has now shown that the relationship between magnetic order and absorption of x rays is even more complex and exciting than has been assumed for the past 20 years, leading to a reassessment of previous results.

404

Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Print Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Print Using spectroscopic information for magnetometry and magnetic microscopy obviously requires detailed theoretical understanding of spectral shape and magnitude of dichroism signals. A research team at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 has now shown unambiguously that, contrary to common belief, spectral shape and magnitude of x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) are not only determined by the relative orientation of magnetic moments and x-ray polarization, but their orientation relative to the crystallographic axes must be taken into account for accurate interpretation of XMLD data. Magnetism and X Rays The ancient Greeks and also the Chinese knew about strange and rare stones with the power to attract iron. Moreover, when freely suspended these objects pointed north-south. Throughout the past, we have used this phenomenon-magnetism-for navigation and more recently for power production and digital information storage, all while trying to explore and understand its origins. In 1986 researchers at a facility similar to the ALS observed for the first time that the absorption of x rays depends not only on the composition of a material-that is, if it contains iron, nickel, or other elements-but also on its magnetism. The effect is unique in that it allows us to distinguish which atomic species magnetism originates from and provides information about their local atomic environment-for example, whether a magnetic species is surrounded by 4 or 6 oxygen atoms. A research team at the ALS has now shown that the relationship between magnetic order and absorption of x rays is even more complex and exciting than has been assumed for the past 20 years, leading to a reassessment of previous results.

405

Magnetics and the body  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

no magnetic "charges"), such as from electromagnets. Magnetic fields are measured in Tesla (T) or Gauss (G). The Tesla is a very large unit (1 T 10,000 G). Most large magnets...

406

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force...

407

ALS superbend magnet system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALS Superbend Magnet System J. Zbasnik † , S. T. Wang †† ,of a High-Field Magnet for the ALS,” Transactions AppliedRefrigeration options for the ALS Superbend dipole magnets”,

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Isochronal Annealing Studies in Pu and Pu Alloys Using Magnetic Susceptibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The isochronal annealing of the low temperature accumulated damage from the radioactive decay of plutonium in {alpha}-Pu, {delta}-Pu{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x} (x = 0.043) and {delta}-Pu{sub 1-x}Am{sub x} (x = 0.224) was characterized using magnetic susceptibility. In each specimen, thermal annealing, as tracked by magnetic susceptibility, only commenced when T > 33 K and the magnetic susceptibility changes due to defects were fully annealed at T not, vert, similar 300 K. The {alpha}-Pu magnetic susceptibility isochronal annealing data is similar to earlier measurements of resistivity characterized isochronal annealing. However, the {delta}-Pu{sub 1-x}Ga{sub x} (x = 0.043) magnetic susceptibility isochronal annealing data, when compared with similar resistivity data, indicates that for this alloy magnetic susceptibility studies are more sensitive to vacancies than to the interstitials accumulated at low temperatures. The Pu{sub 1-x}Am{sub x} (x = 0.224) alloy shows a remarkable change in properties, over a limited temperature range beginning where interstitial defects are first mobile, and characterized by an induced effective moment of order 1.1 {mu}{sub B}/Pu. This transient behavior may be evidence for a disorder driven low temperature phase transition, perhaps indicative of a compositional and structural proximity to a state possessing significant magnetic moments.

McCall, S. K. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Fluss, M. J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Chung, B. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); McElfresh, M. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Chapline, G.F. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Jackson, D. D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Haire, Richard {Dick} G [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Constraints on electromagnetic properties of sterile neutrinos from MiniBooNE results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among the class of models with small mixing angles between sterile and active neutrinos, we place constraints on the effective muon-to-sterile neutrino magnetic and electric dipole transition moments from the combined MiniBooNE results for the sterile neutrino mass range of $10\\;\\mathrm{MeV}distribution as a function of polar angle. However, good agreement with the anomalous event distribution in reconstructed energy can be achieved for some values of magnetic and electric moments.

Alexander Radionov

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Helical Magnets Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RHIC, the basic construction unit is a superconducting dipole magnet producing a four tesla dipole field that rotates through 360 degrees in a length of 2.4 meters. The magnets...

411

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storage Coil", Proc. 19 80 ASC,Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEE Trans.SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", in Advances

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Magnetization of neutron matter  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we compute magnetization of neutron matter at strong magnetic field using the lowest order constrained variational (LOCV) technique.

Bigdeli, M. [Department of Physics, Zanjan University, P.O. Box 45195-313, Zanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

413

Regenerator for Magnetic Refrigerants  

Ames Laboratory researchers have developed a new magnetic material that can be used at low temperatures (sub liquid hydrogen) for magnetic refrigerators.

414

Magnetic Materials Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and simulation to become the driving force in ... develop a real-time magnetic domain imaging ... data-storage and permanent magnets with increased ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

415

Evolution of Raindrop Spectra. Part I: Solution to the Stochastic Collection/Breakup Equation Using the Method of Moments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a solution to the stochastic collection/breakup equation (SCE/SBE) using our recently developed method of moments and the Low and List fragment distribution function. We prove that the collisional breakup equation conserves overall ...

Graham Feingold; Shalvn Tzivion (Tzitzvashvili)Zev Leviv

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Geographical Patterning of Interannual Rainfall Variability in the Tropics and Near Tropics: An L-Moments Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interannual rainfall variability has important effects for the evolution of biotic and human communities. Historical records of monthly rainfall totals for 1492 stations within 30° of the equator were analyzed using the method of L-moments. The ...

Robert E. Dewar; James R. Wallis

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Full-waveform based complete moment tensor inversion and source parameter estimation from downhole microseismic data for hydrofracture monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Downhole microseismic monitoring is a valuable tool in understanding the efficacy of hydraulic fracturing. Inverting for the moment tensor has gained increasing popularity in recent years as a way to understand the fracturing ...

Song, Fuxian

418

Development of a Nested Grid, Second Moment Turbulence Closure Model and Application to the 1982 ASCOT Brush Creek Data Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improved, second-moment turbulence-closure model and a random particle kernel diffusion model are described and tested with the 1982 ASCOT (Atmospheric Studies in Complex Terrain) data collected in Brush Creek, Colorado. Three improvements of ...

T. Yamada; S. Bunker

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Nucleation Processes in Deep Convection Simulated by a Cloud-System-Resolving Model with Double-Moment Bulk Microphysics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel type of limited double-moment scheme for bulk microphysics is presented here for cloud-system-resolving models (CSRMs). It predicts the average size of cloud droplets and crystals, which is important for representing the radiative impact ...

Vaughan T. J. Philips; Leo J. Donner; Stephen T. Garner

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Mesoscale Modeling of Springtime Arctic Mixed-Phase Stratiform Clouds Using a New Two-Moment Bulk Microphysics Scheme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new two-moment bulk microphysics scheme is implemented into the polar version of the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University–NCAR Mesoscale Model (MM5) to simulate arctic mixed-phase boundary layer stratiform clouds observed during ...

H. Morrison; J. O. Pinto

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Bias and Error in Moment Estimators for Parameters of Drop Size Distribution Functions: Sampling from Gamma Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper complements an earlier one that demonstrated the bias in the method-of-moments (MM) estimators frequently used to estimate parameters for drop size distribution (DSD) functions being “fitted” to observed raindrop size distributions. ...

Paul L. Smith; Donna V. Kliche; Roger W. Johnson

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

A New Double-Moment Microphysics Parameterization for Application in Cloud and Climate Models. Part I: Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new double-moment bulk microphysics scheme predicting the number concentrations and mixing ratios of four hydrometeor species (droplets, cloud ice, rain, snow) is described. New physically based parameterizations are developed for simulating ...

H. Morrison; J. A. Curry; V. I. Khvorostyanov

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Magnetic order and interfacial coupling in oxide thin films and heterostructures probed with soft x-ray dichroism  

SciTech Connect

The combination of novel magnetic properties induced by reduced dimensionality and strong magnetic interactions across interfaces leads to intriguing new properties in magnetic hetero- and nanostructures not observed in the constituent materials in bulk form. It is the careful optimization of the characteristics of the individual layers as well as the magnetic coupling across the interface that allows us to control the magnetic properties and tailor them for devices, e.g., in information storage and processing technology. Soft x-ray magnetic spectroscopies can make unique contributions to improving our understanding of complex magnetic nanostructures since these techniques provide elemental, valence- and site-symmetry specific information with high sensitivity and tunable probing depth. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) is sensitive to (unidirectional) ferromagnetic order, while x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) can also detect (uniaxial) antiferromagnetic order. A crystalline electric field with cubic symmetry induces only a weak angular dependence in XMCD spectra [1] but can cause a very pronounced anisotropy in XMLD spectra [2]. Furthermore, non-magnetic sites with a distorted local cubic symmetry can give rise to an x-ray linear dichroism (XLD). In this presentation, we discuss how to distinguish between the individual contributions to soft x-ray dichroism spectra in order to extract the wealth of information about magnetic thin films, interfaces and hetero- and nanostructures contained in the data [3, 4, 5] We determined the magnetic structure of La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO)/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}FeO{sub 3} (LSFO) superlattices with 6 unit cell thick sublayers using soft x-ray magnetic dichroism [5]. Circular dichroism was employed to study the characteristics of the ferromagnetic LSMO layer indicating a reduced magnetic ordering temperature of 200 K compared to the bulk value of 360 K. Linear dichroism is used to analyze the antiferromagnetic order in the LSFO layers which persists up to the bulk Neel temperature near 400 K. Our experiments clearly show that when the magnetization of the LSMO layer is aligned with a magnetic field, a torque is created on the Fe moments in the LSFO layer through exchange coupling at the interface realigning the Fe moments as well. Through comparison with theoretical calculations we are able to show that independent of the LSMO magnetization direction in the sample surface plane, the Fe moments are always oriented perpendicular to the Mn moments. This perpendicular alignment is due to the frustrated exchange coupling at the interface and the weak anisotropy in the thin LSFO layer. Revisiting previous XMLD studies of the Co/NiO(001) interface taking the impact of the crystal electric field on the XMLD into account for the first time, we show that NiO(001) exhibits a crystallographic and magnetic domain structure near the surface that is identical to that of the bulk. Upon Co deposition perpendicular coupling of Co and Ni moments is observed [2, 3] that persists even in the presence of uncompensated interface moments. We also measured the asphericity and the energy splitting of the 4f states in EuO thin films [4] - a material with fascinating properties and of technological importance for spintronics applications - using XMLD. Our measurements, which are confirmed by multiplet calculations, show that there is significant 4f anisotropy. This suggests that pinning of the f states by the local environment becomes feasible and can be tuned by external conditions, chemical doping, and strain for use in device applications. Moreover, we will discuss the impact of epitaxial strain on the magnetic properties and XMLD spectra of complex oxide thin films.

Arenholz, Elke; van der Laan, G.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Moments of F{sub 2} Structure Functions and Multiparton Correlations in Nuclei  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The inclusive inelastic electron scattering o the proton was measured at five different beam energies 1.5, 2.5, 4.0, 4.2 and 4.4 GeV. The data were taken, during February-March 1999, on a liquid hydrogen target with the CLAS detector installed in Hall-B of the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF). The obtained high statistics and high precision data appear to be in good agreement with previously measured world data and permit to integrate experimental values of F{sub 2} over x at fixed Q{sup 2} , allowing for the first time the evaluation of its experimental moments at low and moderate values of Q{sup 2} . In a combined analysis of CLAS and world data, the Q{sup 2} -evolution of the experimental moments was explored in the range from 0.3 up to 100 GeV{sup 2} . This offered a unique possibility to trace changes of the proton structure function from hard DIS down to the non-perturbative regime through the transition region, which is of particular interest for the TJNAF physics program. The obtained experimental moments allowed to perform a separation between the leading twist, calculable in the framework of the perturbative QCD (pQCD), and higher twists, treated effectively. A comparison with theoretical predictions based either on lattice QCD simulations or obtained within models of the nucleon structure may represent an important test of our understanding of the nucleon structure as observed at large wavelengths.

Mikhail Osipenko

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

An Improved Limit on the Electric Dipole Moment of the Muon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data from the muon g-2 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab has been analyzed to search for a muon electric dipole moment(EDM), which would violate parity and time reversal symmetries. An EDM would cause a tilt in the spin precession plane of the muons, resulting in a vertical oscillation in the position of electrons hitting the detectors. No signal has been observed. Based on this analysis, an improved limit of $2.8 \\times 10^{-19} e-cm(95% CL) is set on the muon EDM.

Ronald McNabb

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Relativistic study of the nuclear anapole moment effects in diatomic molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear-spin-dependent (NSD) parity violating effects are studied for a number of diatomic molecules using relativistic Hartree-Fock and density functional theory and accounting for core polarization effects. Heavy diatomic molecules are good candidates for the successful measurement of the nuclear anapole moment, which is the dominant NSD parity violation term in heavy elements. Improved results for the molecules studied in our previous publication [Borschevsky et al., Phys. Rev. A 85, 052509 (2012)] are presented along with the calculations for a number of new promising candidates for the nuclear anapole measurements.

Borschevsky, A; Dzuba, V A; Flambaum, V V; Schwerdtfeger, P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

New Concept for a Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Search using a Pulsed Beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A concept to search for a neutron electric dipole moment (nEDM) is presented, which employs a pulsed neutron beam instead of the nowadays established use of storable ultracold neutrons (UCN). The technique takes advantage of the high peak flux and the time structure of a next-generation pulsed spallation source like the planned European Spallation Source. It is demonstrated that the sensitivity for a nEDM can be improved by several orders of magnitude compared to the best beam experiments performed in the 1970's and can compete with the sensitivity of UCN experiments.

F. M. Piegsa

2013-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

428

Magnetism in Lithium–Oxygen Discharge Product  

SciTech Connect

Nonaqueous lithium–oxygen batteries have a much superior theoretical gravimetric energy density compared to conventional lithium-ion batteries, and thus could render long-range electric vehicles a reality. A molecular-level understanding of the reversible formation of lithium peroxide in these batteries, the properties of major/minor discharge products, and the stability of the nonaqueous electrolytes is required to achieve successful lithium–oxygen batteries. We demonstrate that the major discharge product formed in the lithium–oxygen cell, lithium peroxide, exhibits a magnetic moment. These results are based on dc-magnetization measurements and a lithium– oxygen cell containing an ether-based electrolyte. The results are unexpected because bulk lithium peroxide has a significant band gap. Density functional calculations predict that superoxide- type surface oxygen groups with unpaired electrons exist on stoichiometric lithium peroxide crystalline surfaces and on nanoparticle surfaces; these computational results are consistent with the magnetic measurement of the discharged lithium peroxide product as well as EPR measurements on commercial lithium peroxide. The presence of superoxide-type surface oxygen groups with spin can play a role in the reversible formation and decomposition of lithium peroxide as well as the reversible formation and decomposition of electrolyte molecules.

Lu, Jun; Jung, Hun-Ji; Lau, Kah Chun; Zhang, Zhengcheng; Schlueter, John A.; Du, Peng; Assary, Rajeev S.; Greeley, Jeffrey P.; Ferguson, Glen A.; Wang, Hsien-Hau; Hassoun, Jusef; Iddir, Hakim; Zhou, Jigang; Zuin, Lucia; Hu, Yongfeng; Sun, Yang-Kook; Scrosati, Bruno; Curtiss, Larry A.; Amine, Khalil

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

429

Magnetic properties of graphite irradiated with MeV ions  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the change in the magnetic properties produced on highly oriented pyrolytic graphite samples by irradiation of H, C, and N ions in the mega-electron-volt energy range. The use of specially made sample holders for the magnetic measurements provided high reproducibility allowing us to obtain directly the irradiation effects without any corrections or subtractions. Our results show that three magnetic phenomena are triggered by the defects produced by the irradiation, namely, Curie-type paramagnetism, ferromagnetism and an anomalous paramagnetic state that appears as precursor of the magnetic ordered state. Using SRIM simulations to estimate the amount of vacancies produced by the irradiation, the Curie-type paramagnetic response indicates an effective Bohr magneton number per nominally produced vacancy p=0.27+-0.02mu{sub B}. Direct measurements of the surface sample temperature during irradiation and the decrease in the (as-received) paramagnetic as well as ferromagnetic contributions after irradiation indicate that self-heating is one of the causes for small yield of ferromagnetism. Taking into account the hydrogen distribution in the virgin samples, the obtained results indicate that the induced ferromagnetism appears when the average vacancy distance is {approx}2 nm in the near surface region.

Ramos, M. A.; Munoz-Martin, A.; Climent-Font, A. [CMAM and Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales 'Nicolas Cabrera', Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Barzola-Quiquia, J.; Esquinazi, P. [Division of Superconductivity and Magnetism, Institut fuer Experimentelle Physik II, Universitaet Leipzig, Linnestrasse 5, D-04103 Leipzig (Germany); Garcia-Hernandez, M. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, CSIC, Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Non-locality of energy separating transformations for Dirac electrons in a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate a non-locality of Moss-Okninski transformation (MOT) used to separate positive and negative energy states in the 3+1 Dirac equation for relativistic electrons in the presence of a magnetic field. Properties of functional kernels generated by the MOT are analyzed and kernel non-localities are characterized by calculating their second moments parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic field. Transformed functions are described and investigated by computing their variances. It is shown that the non-locality of the energy-separating transformation in the direction parallel to the magnetic field is characterized by the Compton wavelength $\\lambda_c=\\hbar/mc$. In the plane transverse to magnetic field the non-locality depends both on magnetic radius $L=(\\hbar/eB)^{1/2}$ and $\\lambda_c$. The non-locality of MO transformation for the 2+1 Dirac equation is also considered.

Tomasz M. Rusin; Wlodek Zawadzki

2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

431

Anomalous kinetic energy of a system of dust particles in a gas discharge plasma  

SciTech Connect

The system of equations of motion of dust particles in a near-electrode layer of a gas discharge has been formulated taking into account fluctuations of the charge of a dust particle and the features of the nearelectrode layer of the discharge. The molecular dynamics simulation of the system of dust particles has been carried out. Performing a theoretical analysis of the simulation results, a mechanism of increasing the average kinetic energy of dust particles in the gas discharge plasma has been proposed. According to this mechanism, the heating of the vertical oscillations of dust particles is initiated by induced oscillations generated by fluctuations of the charge of dust particles, and the energy transfer from vertical to horizontal oscillations can be based on the parametric resonance phenomenon. The combination of the parametric and induced resonances makes it possible to explain an anomalously high kinetic energy of dust particles. The estimate of the frequency, amplitude, and kinetic energy of dust particles are close to the respective experimental values.

Norman, G. E., E-mail: norman@ihed.ras.ru; Stegailov, V. V., E-mail: stegailov@gmail.com; Timofeev, A. V., E-mail: timofeevalvl@gmail.com [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute for High Temperatures (Russian Federation)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Brownian motion and anomalous diffusion revisited via a fractional Langevin equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we revisit the Brownian motion on the basis of {the fractional Langevin equation which turns out to be a particular case of the generalized Langevin equation introduced by Kubo in 1966. The importance of our approach is to model the Brownian motion more realistically than the usual one based on the classical Langevin equation, in that it takes into account also the retarding effects due to hydrodynamic back-flow, i.e. the added mass and the Basset memory drag. We provide the analytical expressions of the correlation functions (both for the random force and the particle velocity) and of the mean squared particle displacement. The random force has been shown to be represented by a superposition of the usual white noise with a "fractional" noise. The velocity correlation function is no longer expressed by a simple exponential but exhibits a slower decay, proportional to t^{-3/2} for long times, which indeed is more realistic. Finally, the mean squared displacement is shown to maintain, for sufficiently long times, the linear behaviour which is typical of normal diffusion, with the same diffusion coefficient of the classical case. However, the Basset history force induces a retarding effect in the establishing of the linear behaviour, which in some cases could appear as a manifestation of anomalous diffusion to be correctly interpreted in experimental measurements.

Francesco Mainardi; Antonio Mura; Francesco Tampieri

2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

433

Brownian Motion in a Speckle Light Field: Tunable Anomalous Diffusion and Deterministic Optical Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The motion of particles in random potentials occurs in several natural phenomena ranging from the mobility of organelles within a biological cell to the diffusion of stars within a galaxy. A Brownian particle moving in the random optical potential associated to a speckle, i.e., a complex interference pattern generated by the scattering of coherent light by a random medium, provides an ideal mesoscopic model system to study such phenomena. Here, we derive a theory for the motion of a Brownian particle in a speckle and, in particular, we identify its universal characteristic timescale levering on the universal properties of speckles. This theoretical insight permits us to identify several interesting unexplored phenomena and applications. As an example of the former, we show the possibility of tuning anomalous diffusion continuously from subdiffusion to superdiffusion. As an example of the latter, we show the possibility of harnessing the speckle memory effect to perform some basic deterministic optical manipulation tasks such as guiding and sorting by employing random speckles, which might broaden the perspectives of optical manipulation for real-life applications by providing a simple and cost-effective technique.

Giorgio Volpe; Giovanni Volpe; Sylvain Gigan

2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

434

Electric/magnetic duality for chiral gauge theories with anomaly cancellation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that 4D gauge theories with Green-Schwarz anomaly cancellation and possible generalized Chern-Simons terms admit a formulation that is manifestly covariant with respect to electric/magnetic duality transformations. This generalizes previous work on the symplectically covariant formulation of anomaly-free gauge theories as they typically occur in extended supergravity, and now also includes general theories with (pseudo-)anomalous gauge interactions as they may occur in global or local N=1 supersymmetry. This generalization is achieved by relaxing the linear constraint on the embedding tensor so as to allow for a symmetric 3-tensor related to electric and/or magnetic quantum anomalies in these theories. Apart from electric and magnetic gauge fields, the resulting Lagrangians also feature two-form fields and can accommodate various unusual duality frames as they often appear, e.g., in string compactifications with background fluxes.

Jan De Rydt; Torsten T. Schmidt; Mario Trigiante; Antoine Van Proeyen; Marco Zagermann

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Relative Contributions of the Indian Ocean and Local SST Anomalies to the Maintenance of the Western North Pacific Anomalous Anticyclone during the El Niño Decaying Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To investigate the relative role of the cold SST anomaly (SSTA) in the western North Pacific (WNP) or Indian Ocean basin mode (IOBM) in maintaining an anomalous anticyclone over the western North Pacific (WNPAC) during the El Niño decaying summer,...

Bo Wu; Tim Li; Tianjun Zhou

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Anomalous Temperature Regimes during the Cool Season: Long-term Trends, Low Frequency Mode Modulation and Representation in CMIP5 Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During boreal winter, anomalous temperature regimes (ATRs), including cold air outbreaks (CAOs) and warm waves (WWs), provide important societal influences upon the US. The current study analyzes reanalysis and model data for the period 1949 to ...

Rebecca M. Westby; Yun-Young Lee; Robert X. Black

437

Comment on the article ``UCN anomalous losses and the UCN capture cross section on material defects'' by A. Serebrov et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present correct solution of the problem about a scattering of the neutron on a point-like defect existing in a medium and show that this mechanism cannot explain anomalous losses of UCN in storage bottles.

A. L. Barabanov; K. V. Protasov

2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

438

On the universality of I-Love-Q relations in magnetized neutron stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, general relations among the quadrupole moment (Q), the moment of inertia (I), and the tidal deformability (Love number) of a neutron star were shown to exist. They are nearly independent of the nuclear matter equation of state and would be of great aid in extracting parameters from observed gravitational-waves and in testing general relativity. These relations, however, do not account for strong magnetic fields. We consider this problem by studying the effect of a strong magnetic field on slowly rotating relativistic neutron stars and show that, for simple magnetic field configurations that are purely poloidal or purely toroidal, the relation between Q and I is again nearly universal. However, different magnetic field geometries lead to different I-Q relations, and, in the case of a more realistic twisted-torus magnetic field configuration, the relation depends significantly on the equation of state, losing its universality. I-Love-Q relations must thus be used with very great care, since universality is lost for stars with long spin periods, i.e. P > 10 s, and strong magnetic fields, i.e. B > 10^12 G.

Brynmor Haskell; Riccardo Ciolfi; Francesco Pannarale; Luciano Rezzolla

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

439

Measurement of the electron electric dipole moment using GdIG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for the detection of the electron edm using a solid is described. The method involves the measurement of a voltage induced across the solid by the alignment of the samples magnetic dipoles in an applied magnetic field, H. A first application of the method to GdIG has resulted in a limit on the electron edm of 5E-24 e-cm, which is a factor of 40 below the limit obtained from the only previous solid-state edm experiment. The result is limited by the imperfect discrimination of an unexpectedly large voltage that is even upon the reversal of the sample magnetization.

B. J. Heidenreich; O. T. Elliott; N. D. Charney; K. A. Virgien; A. W. Bridges; M. A. McKeon; S. K. Peck; D. Krause, Jr.; J. E. Gordon; L. R. Hunter; S. K. Lamoreaux

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

440

Energy Dependence of Moments of Net-proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the beam energy (\\sqrt s_{NN} = 7.7 - 200 GeV) and collision centrality dependence of the mean (M), standard deviation (\\sigma), skewness (S), and kurtosis (\\kappa) of the net-proton multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions. The measurements are carried out by the STAR experiment at midrapidity (|y| < 0.5) and within the transverse momentum range 0.4 < pT < 0.8 GeV/c in the first phase of the Beam Energy Scan program at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. These measurements are important for understanding the Quantum Chromodynamic (QCD) phase diagram. The products of the moments, S\\sigma and \\kappa\\sigma^{2}, are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense medium created in the collisions and are related to the ratios of baryon number susceptibilities of corresponding orders. The products of moments are found to have values significantly below the Skellam expectation and close to expectations based on independent proton and anti-proton production. The measurements are compared to a transport model calculation to understand the effect of acceptance and baryon number conservation, and also to a hadron resonance gas model.

STAR Collaboration; L. Adamczyk; J. K. Adkins; G. Agakishiev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; C. D. Anson; A. Aparin; D. Arkhipkin; E. C. Aschenauer; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; A. Banerjee; Z. Barnovska; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; P. Bhattarai; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; L. C. Bland; I. G. Bordyuzhin; W. Borowski; J. Bouchet; A. V. Brandin; S. G. Brovko; S. Bültmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; J. Butterworth; H. Caines; M. Calderóndela Barca Sánchez; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; P. Chaloupka; Z. Chang; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; L. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; W. Christie; J. Chwastowski; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; X. Cui; S. Das; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; J. Deng; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; S. Dhamija; B. di Ruzza; L. Didenko; C. Dilks; F. Ding; P. Djawotho; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; C. M. Du; L. E. Dunkelberger; J. C. Dunlop; L. G. Efimov; J. Engelage; K. S. Engle; G. Eppley; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; R. Fatemi; S. Fazio; J. Fedorisin; P. Filip; E. Finch; Y. Fisyak; C. E. Flores; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; D. Garand; F. Geurts; A. Gibson; M. Girard; S. Gliske; D. Grosnick; Y. Guo; A. Gupta; S. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; O. Hajkova; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; R. Haque; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; S. Horvat; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; P. Huck; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; W. W. Jacobs; H. Jang; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; D. Kalinkin; K. Kang; K. Kauder; H. W. Ke; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; A. Kesich; Z. H. Khan; D. P. Kikola; I. Kisel; A. Kisiel; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; I. Kulakov; L. Kumar; R. A. Kycia; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; K. D. Landry; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; L. M. Lima; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. M. M. D. Madagodagettige Don; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; M. K. Mustafa; B. K. Nandi; Md. Nasim; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; L. V. Nogach; S. Y. Noh; J. Novak; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; K. Oh; A. Ohlson; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; R. A. N. Oliveira; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. X. Pan; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; B. Pawlik; H. Pei; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; A. Peterson; P. Pile; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; J. Porter; A. M. Poskanzer; N. K. Pruthi; M. Przybycien; P. R. Pujahari; H. Qiu; A. Quintero; S. Ramachandran; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; C. K. Riley; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; J. F. Ross; A. Roy; L. Ruan; J. Rusnak; N. R. Sahoo; P. K. Sahu; I. Sakrejda; S. Salur; A. Sandacz; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; A. Sarkar; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; A. M. Schmah; W. B. Schmidke; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; P. Seyboth; N. Shah; E. Shahaliev; P. V. Shanmuganathan; M. Shao; B. Sharma; W. Q. Shen; S. S. Shi; Q. Y. Shou; E. P. Sichtermann; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; D. Smirnov; N. Smirnov; D. Solanki; P. Sorensen; U. G. deSouza; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. Sumbera; X. Sun; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; J. H. Thomas; A. R. Timmins; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; P. Tribedy; B. A. Trzeciak; O. D. Tsai; J. Turnau; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; R. Vertesi; F. Videbæk; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; A. Vossen; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; Z. Xiao; W. Xie; K. Xin; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; W. Yan; C. Yang; Y. Yang; Y. Yang; Z. Ye; P. Yepes; L. Yi; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; Y. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zha; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; F. Zhao; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; Y. Zoulkarneeva; M. Zyzak

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Macroscopic Approach to Extended Thermodynamics with 14 Moments, Up to Whatever Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extended Thermodynamics is the natural framework in which to study the physics of fluids, because it leads to symmetric hyperbolic systems of field laws, thus assuming important properties such as finite propagation speeds of shock waves and well posedness of the Cauchy problem. The closure of the system of balance equations is obtained by imposing the entropy principle and that of galilean relativity. If we take the components of the mean field as independent variables, these two principles are equivalent to some conditions on the entropy density and its flux. The method until now used to exploit these conditions, with the macroscopic approach, has not been used up to whatever order with respect to thermodynamical equilibrium. This is because it leads to several difficulties in calculations. Now these can be overcome by using a new method proposed recently by Pennisi and Ruggeri. Here we apply it to the 14 moments model. We will also show that the 13 moments case can be obtained from the present one by using the method of subsystems.

Sebastiano Pennisi; Maria Cristina Carrisi

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Spin glass transition in a magnetic field: a renormalization group study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the transition of short range Ising spin glasses in a magnetic field, within a general replica symmetric field theory, which contains three masses and eight cubic couplings, that is defined in terms of the fields representing the replicon, anomalous and longitudinal modes. We discuss the symmetry of the theory in the limit of replica number n ? 0, and consider the regular case where the longitudinal and anomalous masses remain degenerate. The spin glass transitions in zero and non-zero field are analyzed in a common framework. The mean field treatment shows the usual results, that is a transition in zero field, where all the modes become critical, and a transition in nonzero field, at the de Almeida-Thouless (AT) line, with only the replicon mode critical. Renormalization group methods are used to study the critical behavior, to order ? = 6 ? d. In the general theory we find a stable fixed-point associated to the spin glass transition in zero field. This fixed-point becomes unstable in the presence of a small magnetic field, and we calculate crossover exponents, which we relate to zero-field critical exponents. In a finite magnetic field, we find no physical stable fixed-point to describe the AT transition, in agreement with previous results of other authors. PACS numbers: 75.50.Lk, 75.40.Cx 1 I

I. R. Pimentel; T. Temesvári; C. De Dominicis

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

High temperature magnetic ordering in the 4d perovskite SrTcO3  

SciTech Connect

We present evidence for possibly the highest magnetic ordering temperature in any compound without 3d transition elements. Neutron powder diffraction measurements, at both time-of-flight and constant wavelength sources, were performed on two independently prepared SrTcO{sub 3} powders. SrTcO{sub 3} adopts a distorted perovskite structure with G-type antiferromagnetic ordering and has a moment of 1.87(4){mu}{sub B} per Tc cation at room temperature with an extraordinarily high Neel point close to 750 C. Electronic structure calculations reveal extensive mixing between the technetium 4d states and oxygen states proximal to the Fermi level. This hybridization leads to a close relationship between magnetic ordering temperature and moment formation in SrTcO{sub 3}.

Rodriguez, Efrain E. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD; Poineau, Frederic [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Llobet, Anna [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Kennedy, Brendan J. [University of Technology Sydney; Avdeev, Maxim [Bragg Institute, ANSTO; Thorogood, Gordon J. [Bragg Institute, ANSTO; Carter, Melody L. [ANSTO; Seshadri, Ram [University of California, Santa Barbara; Singh, David J [ORNL; Cheetham, Anthony K. [University of Cambridge

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Neutron-Diffraction Evidence for the Ferrimagnetic Ground State of a Molecule-Based Magnet with Weakly Coupled Sublattices  

SciTech Connect

The diruthenium compound [Ru2(O2CMe)4]3[Cr(CN)6] contains two weakly coupled, ferrimag- netically ordered sublattices occupying the same volume. The magnetic field Hc 800 Oe required to align the two sublattice moments is proportional to the antiferromagnetic dipolar interaction Kc B Hc 5 10 3 meV between sublattices. Powder neutron-diffraction measurements on a deuterated sample reveal that the sublattice moments are restricted by the anisotropy of the diruthenium paddle-wheel complexes to the cubic diagonals. Those measurements also suggest that the quantum corrections to the ground state are significant.

Fishman, Randy Scott [ORNL; Campo, Javier [University of Zaragoza, Spain; Vos, Thomas E. [University of Utah; Miller, Joel S. [University of Utah

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

HTS Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HTS Magnet Program HTS Magnet Program High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) have the potential to revolutionize the field of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators, energy storage and medical applications. This is because of the fact that as compared to the conventional Low Temperature Superconductors (LTS), the critical current density (Jc ) of HTS falls slowly both: as a function of increasing field, and as a function of increasing temperature These unique properties can be utilized to design and build: HTS magnets that produce very high fields (20 - 50 T) HTS magnets that operate at elevated temperatures (20 - 77 K) This is a significant step forward over the convention LTS magnets which generally operate at a temperature of ~4 K and with field usually limited

446

Nanocomposite Magnets: Transformational Nanostructured Permanent Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: GE is using nanomaterials technology to develop advanced magnets that contain fewer rare earth materials than their predecessors. Nanomaterials technology involves manipulating matter at the atomic or molecular scale, which can represent a stumbling block for magnets because it is difficult to create a finely grained magnet at that scale. GE is developing bulk magnets with finely tuned structures using iron-based mixtures that contain 80% less rare earth materials than traditional magnets, which will reduce their overall cost. These magnets will enable further commercialization of HEVs, EVs, and wind turbine generators while enhancing U.S. competitiveness in industries that heavily utilize these alternatives to rare earth minerals.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

High-Pressure Thermodynamic Properties of f-electron Metals, Transition Metal Oxides, and Half-Metallic Magnets  

SciTech Connect

This project involves research into the thermodynamic properties of f-electron metals, transition metal oxides, and half-metallic magnets at high pressure. These materials are ones in which the changing importance of electron-electron interactions as the distance between atoms is varied can tune the system through phase transitions from localized to delocalized electrons, from screened to unscreened magnetic moments, and from normal metal to one in which only a single spin specie can conduct. Three main thrusts are being pursued: (1) Mott transitions in transition metal oxides, (2) magnetism in half-metallic compounds, and (3) large volume-collapse transitions in f-band metals.

Scalettar, Richard T.; Pickett, Warren E.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

High-Pressure Thermodynamic Properties of f-electron Metals, Transition Metal Oxides, and Half-Metallic Magnets  

SciTech Connect

This project involves research into the thermodynamic properties of f-electron metals, transition metal oxides, and half-metallic magnets at high pressure. These materials are ones in which the changing importance of electron-electron interactions as the distance between atoms is varied can tune the system through phase transitions from localized to delocalized electrons, from screened to unscreened magnetic moments, and from normal metal to one in which only a single spin specie can conduct. Three main thrusts are being pursued: (i) Mott transitions in transition metal oxides, (ii) magnetism in half-metallic compounds, and (iii) large volume-collapse transitions in f-band metals.

Richard T. Scalettar; Warren E. Pickett

2005-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

449

Combined Effects of Gravity, Bending Moment, Bearing Clearance, and Input Torque on Wind Turbine Planetary Gear Load Sharing: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This computational work investigates planetary gear load sharing of three-mount suspension wind turbine gearboxes. A three dimensional multibody dynamic model is established, including gravity, bending moments, fluctuating mesh stiffness, nonlinear tooth contact, and bearing clearance. A flexible main shaft, planetary carrier, housing, and gear shafts are modeled using reduced degrees-of-freedom through modal compensation. This drivetrain model is validated against the experimental data of Gearbox Reliability Collaborative for gearbox internal loads. Planet load sharing is a combined effect of gravity, bending moment, bearing clearance, and input torque. Influences of each of these parameters and their combined effects on the resulting planet load sharing are investigated. Bending moments and gravity induce fundamental excitations in the rotating carrier frame, which can increase gearbox internal loads and disturb load sharing. Clearance in carrier bearings reduces the bearing load carrying capacity and thus the bending moment from the rotor can be transmitted into gear meshes. With bearing clearance, the bending moment can cause tooth micropitting and can induce planet bearing fatigue, leading to reduced gearbox life. Planet bearings are susceptible to skidding at low input torque.

Guo, Y.; Keller, J.; LaCava, W.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Anomalous critical behaviour in the polymer collapse transition of three-dimensional lattice trails  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trails (bond-avoiding walks) provide an alternative lattice model of polymers to self-avoiding walks, and adding self-interaction at multiply visited sites gives a model of polymer collapse. Recently, a two-dimensional model (triangular lattice) where doubly and triply visited sites are given different weights was shown to display a rich phase diagram with first and second order collapse separated by a multi-critical point. A kinetic growth process of trails (KGT) was conjectured to map precisely to this multi-critical point. Two types of low temperature phases, globule and crystal-like, were encountered. Here, we investigate the collapse properties of a similar extended model of interacting lattice trails on the simple cubic lattice with separate weights for doubly and triply visited sites. Again we find first and second order collapse transitions dependent on the relative sizes of the doubly and triply visited energies. However we find no evidence of a low temperature crystal-like phase with only the globular phase in existence. Intriguingly, when the ratio of the energies is precisely that which separates the first order from the second-order regions anomalous finite-sized scaling appears. At the finite size location of the rounded transition clear evidence exists for a first order transition that persists in the thermodynamic limit. This location moves as the length increases, with its limit apparently at the point that maps to a KGT. However, if one fixes the temperature to sit at exactly this KGT point then only a critical point can be deduced from the data. The resolution of this apparent contradiction lies in the breaking of crossover scaling and the difference in the shift and transition width (crossover) exponents.

Andrea Bedini; Aleksander L Owczarek; Thomas Prellberg

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

451

ANOMALOUS LOW STATES AND LONG-TERM VARIABILITY IN THE BLACK HOLE BINARY LMC X-3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer observations of the black hole binary LMC X-3 reveal an extended very low X-ray state lasting from 2003 December 13 until 2004 March 18, unprecedented both in terms of its low luminosity (>15 times fainter than ever before seen in this source) and long duration ({approx}3 times longer than a typical low/hard state excursion). During this event little to no source variability is observed on timescales of {approx}hours-weeks, and the X-ray spectrum implies an upper limit of 1.2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 35} erg s{sup -1}. Five years later another extended low state occurs, lasting from 2008 December 11 until 2009 June 17. This event lasts nearly twice as long as the first, and while significant variability is observed, the source remains reliably in the low/hard spectral state for the {approx}188 day duration. These episodes share some characteristics with the 'anomalous low states' in the neutron star binary Her X-1. The average period and amplitude of the variability of LMC X-3 have different values between these episodes. We characterize the long-term variability of LMC X-3 before and after the two events using conventional and nonlinear time series analysis methods, and show that, as is the case in Her X-1, the characteristic amplitude of the variability is related to its characteristic timescale. Furthermore, the relation is in the same direction in both systems. This suggests that a similar mechanism gives rise to the long-term variability, which in the case of Her X-1 is reliably modeled with a tilted, warped precessing accretion disk.

Smale, Alan P.; Boyd, Patricia T., E-mail: alan.smale@nasa.gov, E-mail: padi.boyd@nasa.gov [Astrophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

452

Tamper resistant magnetic stripes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a magnetic stripe comprising a medium in which magnetized particles are suspended and in which the encoded information is recorded by actual physical rotation or alignment of the previously magnetized particles within the flux reversals of the stripe which are 180.degree. opposed in their magnetic polarity. The magnetized particles are suspended in a medium which is solid, or physically rigid, at ambient temperatures but which at moderately elevated temperatures, such as 40.degree. C., is thinable to a viscosity permissive of rotation of the particles therein under applications of moderate external magnetic field strengths within acceptable time limits.

Naylor, Richard Brian (Albuquerque, NM); Sharp, Donald J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Lensless Imaging of Magnetic Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Nanostructures Print Magnetism is useful for many devices and techniques, from electric motors and computer hard drives to magnetic resonance imaging used in medicine....

454

Models for Relativistic Coulomb Sum Rules:Expansions in Moments of the Nuclear Momentum Density  

SciTech Connect

Relativistic Coulomb sum rules for quasielastic electron scattering from nuclei are developed using a class of relativistic models for the nuclear ground-state momentum distribution. Approximate sum rules at constant 3- or 4-momentum transfer are expressed as expansions in moments of the momentum distribution. New sum-rule functions are derived which, even for very large values of energy and momentum where relativistic effects become dominant, approach simple asymptotic values; in doing so they approximately retain the flavor of the nonrelativistic Coulomb sum rule which approaches Z. Specific ways of achieving an optimum separation of effects relating to the electromagnetic response of a single nucleon and of a many-body system of structureless particles are discussed, including a study of sensitivities to alternative parameterizations of GEn. Comparisons of results using different momentum distributions for the case of 16O are presented.

Donnelly, T. W.; Kronenberg, E. L.; van Orden, J. W.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Electric Dipole Moments of Nucleons, Nuclei, and Atoms: The Standard Model and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Searches for the permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of molecules, atoms, nucleons and nuclei provide powerful probes of CP violation both within and beyond the Standard Model (BSM). The interpretation of experimental EDM limits requires careful delineation of physics at a wide range of distance scales, from the long-range atomic and molecular scales to the short-distance dynamics of physics at or beyond the Fermi scale. In this review, we provide a framework for disentangling contributions from physics at these disparate scales, building out from the set of dimension four and six effective operators that embody CP violation at the Fermi scale. We survey existing computations of hadronic and nuclear matrix elements associated with Fermi-scale CP violation in systems of experimental interest, and quantify the present level of theoretical uncertainty in these calculations. Using representative BSM scenarios of current interest, we illustrate how the interplay of physics at various scales generates EDMs at a potentially observable level.

Jonathan Engel; Michael J. Ramsey-Musolf; U. van Kolck

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

456

Electric dipole moment of the top quark within an effective theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the effective Lagrangian approach, we develope the trilinear contributions originated in the dimension-six electroweak invariants O-tilde{sub W} = (1/3){epsilon}{sub ijk}W{sup i{mu}}{sub v}W{sup jv}{sub {lambda}}W{sup k{lambda}}{sub {mu}} and O-tilde{sub WB} = (1/2)B-tilde{sub {alpha}}{sub {beta}}W{sup c{alpha}}{sup {beta}}{phi}{sup {dagger}}{tau}{sup c}{phi}, and then we insert the corresponding vertices in a one-loop ttV diagram, with V off-shell, generating the structure of the electric dipole moment. Using a nonlinear gauge, we prove that the results are gauge independent. Finally, we present the analytic expressions for the electric dipole form factors originated in each invariant introduced.

Novales-Sanchez, H. [Facutad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla. Apartado Postal 1152, Puebla, Pue. (Mexico); Toscano, J. J. [Instituto de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Edificio C-3, Ciudad Universitaria, C. P. 58040, Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electric Dipole Moments of Nucleons, Nuclei, and Atoms: The Standard Model and Beyond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Searches for the permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of molecules, atoms, nucleons and nuclei provide powerful probes of CP violation both within and beyond the Standard Model (BSM). The interpretation of experimental EDM limits requires careful delineation of physics at a wide range of distance scales, from the long-range atomic and molecular scales to the short-distance dynamics of physics at or beyond the Fermi scale. In this review, we provide a framework for disentangling contributions from physics at these disparate scales, building out from the set of dimension four and six effective operators that embody CP violation at the Fermi scale. We survey existing computations of hadronic and nuclear matrix elements associated with Fermi-scale CP violation in systems of experimental interest, and quantify the present level of theoretical uncertainty in these calculations. Using representative BSM scenarios of current interest, we illustrate how the interplay of physics at various scales generates EDMs at ...

Engel, Jonathan; van Kolck, U

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

LHC Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnet Program Magnet Program The Superconducting Magnet Division is building a number of dipole magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which is now under construction at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Scheduled to begin operation in 2007, this machine will collide beams of protons with the unprecedented energy of 7 TeV per beam to explore the nature of matter at its most basic level (RHIC can collide beams of protons with energies of 0.25 TeV, but is mostly used to collide heavy ions with energies of 0.1 TeV per nucleon). The magnets are being built as part of the US program, recommended by the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) and approved by Congress, to contribute to the construction and, later, use of that frontier machine by the US high energy physics community. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) and

459

Active magnetic regenerator  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure is directed to an active magnetic regenerator apparatus and method. Brayton, Stirling, Ericsson, and Carnot cycles and the like may be utilized in an active magnetic regenerator to provide efficient refrigeration over relatively large temperature ranges.

Barclay, John A. (Los Alamos, NM); Steyert, William A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

ALS superbend magnet performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ALS Superbend Magnet Performance S. Marks, J. Zbasnik, W.the Advanced Light Source (ALS), with the fourth magnet as ahe Advanced Light Source (ALS) at the Lawrence Berkeley

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "anomalous magnetic moment" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Magnetic Materials Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Magnetic Materials Group Robert Shull, Group Leader. ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

462

Minimum Magnetic Energy Theorem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Thomson's Theorem states that static charge distributions in conductors show up at the conducting surfaces in an equipotential configuration, so that the electrostatic energy is a minimum. In this work we study an analogue statement for magnetic systems: in a given set of conductors, the stored magnetic field energy reaches the minimum value for superficial current distributions so that the magnetic vector potential is tangent to the conductors surfaces. This is the counterpart of Thomson's theorem for the magnetic field.

Fiolhais, M C N

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Superconducting magnet of Aurora  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The AURORAsuperconducting magnet system is composed of a cylindrical single?body magnet and a refrigeration system for superconducting coils. The magnet generates B z =1 T on the central orbit at the 150 MeV electron beam injection energy and B z =4.3 T at the 650 MeV storage energy. The diameter of the central orbit is 1 m. Iron poles and yokes are used for shielding the magnetic field

T. Takayama; SHI Accelerator Research Group

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Irreversible magnetic switch  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of an irreversible magnetic switch containing a ferromagnetic amorphous metal having a predetermined crystallization temperature in its inductor magnetic path. With the incorporation of such material, the magnetic properties after cooling from a high temperature excursion above its crystallization temperature are only a fraction of the original value. The difference is used to provide a safety feature in the magnetic switch.

Karnowsky, M.M.; Yost, F.G.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

465

Magnetic Nanoparticle Metrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... T2 relaxation times, hysteretic energy loss, etc ... Optimization of magnetic nanoparticle synthesis for ... competition between lattice energies and dipolar ...

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

466

Charged lepton electric dipole moments with the localized leptons and the new Higgs doublet in the two Higgs doublet model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the lepton electric dipole moments in the split fermion scenario, in the two Higgs doublet model, where the new Higgs scalars are localized around the origin in the extra dimension, with the help of the localizer field. We observe that the numerical value of the electron (muon, tau) electric dipole moment is at the order of the magnitude of 10^{-31} (10^{-24}, 10^{-22}) (e-cm) and this quantity is sensitive the new Higgs localization in the extra dimension.

Erhan Onur Iltan

2005-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

467

Topological cross sections and multiplicity moments for $pi$$sup -$p interactions at 250 GeV/c  

SciTech Connect

The data are from a 46,000 picture exposure of the 15-foot hydrogen bubble chamber at Fermilab to a 250-GeV/c $pi$$sup -$run. An inelastic cross section of 21.1 +- 0.6 mb was obtained. Topological cross sections and multiplicity moments are presented and compared with results at lower energies. The energy dependence of the mean charged multiplicity, (n), and the second moment, f$sub 2$, are well fit by a polynomial in log's for $pi$$sup -$p experiment from 10 to 250 GeV/c. (auth)

Hagopian, S.; Albright, J.R.; Hays, P.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Low-energy enhancement of magnetic dipole radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic dipole strength functions have been deduced from averages of a large number of $M1$ transition strengths calculated within the shell model for the nuclides $^{90}$Zr, $^{94}$Mo, $^{95}$Mo, and $^{96}$Mo. An enhancement of $M1$ strength toward low transition energy has been found for all nuclides considered. Large $M1$ strengths appear for transitions between close-lying states with configurations including proton as well as neutron high-$j$ orbits that re-couple their spins and add up their magnetic moments coherently. The $M1$ strength function deduced from the calculated $M1$ transition strengths is compatible with the low-energy enhancement found in ($^3$He,$^3$He') and $(d,p)$ experiments. The present work presents for the first time an explanation of the experimental findings.

R. Schwengner; S. Frauendorf; A. C. Larsen

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

469

Magnetic nanohole superlattices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic material is disclosed including a two-dimensional array of carbon atoms and a two-dimensional array of nanoholes patterned in the two-dimensional array of carbon atoms. The magnetic material has long-range magnetic ordering at a temperature below a critical temperature Tc.

Liu, Feng

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

470

Tunable Magnetic Regenerator/Refrigerant  

Magnetic regenerators utilize the magnetocaloric effect--the ability of a magnetic field to reduce the magnetic part of a solid materials entropy, generating heat, and then removing the magnetic field, permitting the reduction of temperature with the ...

471

Control of Hamiltonian chaos as a possible tool to control anomalous transport in fusion plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that a relevant control of Hamiltonian chaos is possible through suitable small perturbations whose form can be explicitly computed. In particular, it is possible to control (reduce) the chaotic diffusion in the phase space of a Hamiltonian system with 1.5 degrees of freedom which models the diffusion of charged test particles in a turbulent electric field across the confining magnetic field in controlled thermonuclear fusion devices. Though still far from practical applications, this result suggests that some strategy to control turbulent transport in magnetized plasmas, in particular tokamaks, is conceivable. The robustness of the control is investigated in terms of a departure from the optimum magnitude, of a varying cut-off at large wave vectors, and of random errors on the phases of the modes. In all three cases, there is a significant region of maximum efficiency in the vicinity of the optimum control term.

G. Ciraolo; F. Briolle; C. Chandre; E. Floriani; R. Lima; M. Vittot; M. Pettini; C. Figarella; P. Ghendrih

2003-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

472

Quantification of Dopant Concentrations in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors using Ion Beam Techniques  

SciTech Connect

It has recently been demonstrated that magnetically doped TiO2 and SnO2 show ferromagnetism at room-temperature and Curie temperatures above room temperature. However, accurate knowledge of dopant concentrations is necessary to quantify magnetic moments in these materials. Rutherford Backscattering spectrometry (RBS) is one of the powerful techniques to quantify magnetic transition metal dopant concentrations in these materials. However, in some cases, the interference of RBS signals for different dopants and substrate elements in these materials makes analysis difficult. In this work, we demonstrate that particle induced x-ray emission (PIXE) can be successfully used to quantify the magnetic transition element dopants in several room temperature ferromagnetic materials synthesized using three different synthesis methods: oxygen plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy, ion implantation and wet chemical methods.

Shutthanandan, V.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Droubay, Timothy; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Punnoose, Alex; Hays, Jason; Chambers, Scott A.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Inhomogeneous magnetism in the doped kagome lattice of LaCuO2.66  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hole-doped kagome lattice of Cu2+ ions in LaCuO2.66 was investigated by nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), electron spin resonance (ESR), electrical resistivity, bulk magnetization and specific heat measurements. For temperatures above 180 K, the spin and charge properties show an activated behavior suggestive of a narrow-gap semiconductor. At lower temperatures, the results indicate an insulating ground state which may or may not be charge ordered. While the frustrated spins in remaining patches of the original kagome lattice might not be directly detected here, the observation of coexisting non-magnetic sites, free spins and frozen moments reveals an intrinsically inhomogeneous magnetism. Numerical simulations of a 1/3-diluted kagome lattice rationalize this magnetic state in terms of a heterogeneous distribution of cluster sizes and morphologies near the site-percolation threshold.

Julien, M.-H. [Laboratoire National des Champs Magn´etiques Intenses; Simonet, V [Institut Neel, CNRS-UJF; Canals, B. [Institut Neel, CNRS-UJF; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Bordet, Pierre [Laboratoire of Cristallographie, Grenoble; Darie, Celine [Laboratoire of Cristallographie, Grenoble

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Lifting Slepton Masses with a Non-universal, Non-anomalous U(1)'_{NAF} in Anomaly Mediated SUSY breaking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We extend the Minimum Supersymmetry Standard Model by a non-anomalous family (NAF) U(1)'_{NAF} gauge symmetry. All gauge anomalies are cancelled with no additional exotics other than the three right-handed neutrinos. The FI D-terms associated with the U(1)'_{NAF} symmetry lead to additional positive contributions to slepton squared masses. In a RG invariant way, this thus solves the tachyonic slepton mass problem in Anomaly Mediated Supersymmetry Breaking. In addition, the U (1)'_{NAF} symmetry naturally gives rise to the fermion mass hierarchy and mixing angles, and determines the mass spectrum of the sparticles.

Mu-Chun Chen; Jinrui Huang

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z