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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Home Organizations DLR - Deutsches Zentrum fr ... Solar: monthly and annual ... Dataset Activity Stream Solar: monthly and annual average...

2

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

East Asia from NREL East Asia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

3

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Africa from NREL Africa from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

4

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

South America from NREL South America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

5

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI), global horizontal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America and the Carribean from NREL Central America and the Carribean from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal and tilted flat-plates, and 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to solar collectors. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

6

Solar: annual and seasonal average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data global horizontal (GHI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

7

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22 22 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is

8

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to

9

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

10

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

11

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

12

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from NREL Ghana from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ghana. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

13

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

14

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GIS data at 10km resolution for GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

15

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Brazil from NREL Brazil from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Brazil. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

16

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

km for km for Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

17

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

18

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from NREL Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

19

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from NREL Kenya from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Kenya. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

20

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from NREL Sri Lanka from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Sri Lanka (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

22

Activity Stream - Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASASSE 4 days ago Jay Huggins added the extra "catalog" to the dataset Solar: monthly and...

23

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49031 49031 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to

24

Solar: annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Cuba from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Cuba (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This model uses information on hourly satellite observed visible irradiance, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total of the normal or beam insolation falling on a tracking concentrator pointed

25

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate influences. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

26

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from NREL China from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for China. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations

27

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the model. The local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell as a result of terrain effects and other microclimate

28

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from NREL Ethiopia from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Ethiopia. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data where possible. The modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell due to the uncertainties associated with meteorological input to the

29

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

601 601 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142256601 Varnish cache server Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country.

30

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

irradiance GIS data at irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Global Horizontal IrradianceNASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Insolation Incident On A Horizontal Surface (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of

31

Solar: monthly and annual average latitude tilt irradiance GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

irradiance GIS data at irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Latitude Tilt Irradiance NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Latitude Tilt Radiation (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are regional averages; not point data.

32

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal irradiance GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

irradiance GIS data at irradiance GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Direct Normal Irradiance (kWh/m^2/day)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Jan 2008)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005) Parameter: Direct Normal Radiation (kWh/m^2/day) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Note 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are

33

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS Kenya solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB)

34

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI Ghana solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 519.6 KiB)

35

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West China from DLR West China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.9 MiB)

36

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ghana from DLR Ghana from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ghana for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ghana GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 504 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1 MiB)

37

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 600.4 KiB)

38

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ethiopia from DLR Ethiopia from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Ethiopia for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR Ethiopia GEF GHI GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.8 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 5.6 MiB)

39

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal from DLR Nepal from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Nepal for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Nepal solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 593.8 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 1.2 MiB)

40

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GHI GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 296.1 KiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 153.7 KiB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China from DLR China from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for China for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords China CRED CREIA DLR DNI GEF GIS solar SWERA UNEP Data text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 8.8 MiB) application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 4.4 MiB)

42

Solar: monthly and annual average direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sri Lanka from DLR Sri Lanka from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Direct Normal Irradiance (DNI) for Sri Lanka for the years 2000, 2002 and 2003. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the country report for additional background information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR DNI GEF GIS solar Sri Lanka SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 155.1 KiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 295.7 KiB)

43

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya from DLR Kenya from DLR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Data of high resolution (10kmx10km) Global Horizontal Irradiance (GHI) for Kenya for the years 2000, 2001 and 2002. The data are available for monthly and annual sums stored in a ESRI-Shapefile. Please read the documentation file for additional information. (Purpose): The data are helpful for the assessment of the solar potential of the country and can give project developer a first impression of the solar resource of the country. Source DLR - Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt Date Released October 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 01st, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DLR GEF GHI GIS Kenya NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 1.3 MiB) text/csv icon Download Data (csv, 2.5 MiB)

44

Solar: annual and seasonal average latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for latitude tilt GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Latitude Tilt Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images

45

Solar: annual and seasonal average direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) direct normal (DNI) GIS data (contours) for Brazil from INPE and LABSOLAR Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Annual and seasonal mean of Direct Normal Solar Radiation in kWh/m2/day based on data from 1995 to 2002 (Purpose): To provide a set of consistent, reliable, verifiable, and accessible global data sets for international and in-country investors and other stakeholders (Supplemental Information): The cross-calibration process worked with data from 3 ground stations: Caicó (located in the Northeast of Brazil), Florianópolis (located in the South) and Balbina (located in Amazonia). These data have been used for validation and comparison of radiation transfer models operated in SWERA to estimate the incidence of solar radiation on the surface of the country from satellite images obtained from 1995 to 2002

46

Solar: annual average direct normal (DNI) map at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

map at 40km resolution for map at 40km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): A map depicting model estimates of monthly average daily total radiation using inputs derived from satellite and surface observations of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, albedo, atmospheric pressure and ozone sampled at a 40km resolution. (Purpose): A visual depiction of solar energy resource for concentrating solar power systems. Source NREL Date Released December 11th, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America direct normal DNI map NREL solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Map (pdf, 67.1 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency

47

annual average heating degree days | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average heating degree days average heating degree days Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords annual average heating degree days climate GIS NASA SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 2.7 MiB)

48

Fact #835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

5: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 Fact 835: August 25, Average Historical Annual Gasoline Pump Price, 1929-2013 When adjusted for inflation,...

49

Climate: monthly and annual average relative humidity GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

relative humidity GIS data at relative humidity GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Relative Humidity at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (%)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of

50

Wind: monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of monthly and annual average wind GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m/s)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 5 Data Set (Jan. 2005)10-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 1993) Parameter: Wind Speed At 50 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (m/s) Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ Note: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections online Created: October 4, 2005 See the NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) web site at http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/. The source data was downloaded from the SSE website at Data Retrieval: Meteorology and Solar Energy > Global data sets as text files. The tabular data was then converted to the shapefile format.

51

Climate: monthly and annual average atmospheric pressure GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

atmospheric pressure GIS data at atmospheric pressure GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract):Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Atmospheric Pressure (kPa)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are

52

Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chlorofluorocarbons » Chlorofluorocarbons » Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations Globally Averaged Atmospheric CFC-11 Concentrations: Monthly and Annual Data for the Period 1975-1992 DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1010 data Data (DB1010) Investigator M. A. K. Khalil and R. A. Rasmussen Description This data set presents globally averaged atmospheric concentrations of chlorofluorocarbon 11, known also as CFC-11 or F-11 (chemical name: trichlorofluoromethane; formula: CCl3F). The monthly global average data are derived from flask air samples collected at eight sites in six locations over the period August 1980-July 1992. The sites are Barrow (Alaska), Cape Meares (Oregon), Cape Kumukahi and Mauna Loa (Hawaii), Cape Matatula (American Samoa), Cape Grim (Tasmania), Palmer Station, and the

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual average daily traffic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks ......

54

PROCEEDINGS OF THE 1998 AMERICAN SOLAR ENERGY SOCIETY ANNUAL CONFERENCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1998 1998 AMERICANSOLARENERGYSOClliTY ANNUAL CONFERENCE Albuquerque, NM June 14 - 17, 1998 Editors: R. Campbell-Howe T. Cortez B. Wilkins-Crowder American Solar Energy Society 2400 Central Aven ue, Suite G-l Boulder, Colorado 80301 Printed on recycled paper A CLIMATOLOGICAL SOLAR RADIATION MODEL Eugene L. Maxwell, Consultant 5520 Fossil Creek Dr. Fort Collins, CO 80526 e-mail: elm@net-plus.com ABSTRACT In 1995 the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) initiated the Data Grid Task under the U.S. Department of Energy Resource Assessment Program. The primary objective of the Data Grid Task is to estimate climatological averages of daily-total solar radiation at each point (cell) on a high-resolution (e.g., 40-km) uniform grid, using climatological parameters as input to a solar

55

Solar: monthly and annual latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km latitude tilt horizontal GIS data at 40km resolution for Nepal from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Nepal. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

56

Idealized annually averaged Macroturbulent Hadley 3 Circulation in a Shallow Water Model 4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1 2 Idealized annually averaged Macroturbulent Hadley 3 Circulation driven Hadley 25 circulation is studied using an idealized shallow water model, is predicted by an effective macroturbulent Hadley circulation 32 Prandtl number, Pr

Harnik, Nili

57

A spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1). Solar radiation, averaged over ten minute intervals, was recorded at each site for two yearsA spatiotemporal auto-regressive moving average model for solar radiation C.A. Glasbey and D, is important in many hydrological, agricultural and energy contexts. To assess solar energy potential, data

Stone, J. V.

58

E-Print Network 3.0 - average solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: average solar-cosmic-ray fluxes Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Annales...

59

Climate: monthly and annual average cooling degree days above 10° C GIS  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cooling degree days above 10° C GIS cooling degree days above 10° C GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Cooling Degree Days above 10° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is above 10° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Cooling Degree Days Above 10 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180,

60

Climate: monthly and annual average air temperature at 10 m GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

air temperature at 10 m GIS data at air temperature at 10 m GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Climate: monthly and annual average heating degree days below 18° C GIS  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

heating degree days below 18° C GIS heating degree days below 18° C GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Heating Degree Days below 18° C (degree days)The monthly accumulation of degrees when the daily mean temperature is below 18° C.NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly Average & Annual Sum (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Heating Degree Days Below 18 degrees C (degree days)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180,

62

Climate: monthly and annual average Earth skin temperature GIS data at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Earth skin temperature GIS data at Earth skin temperature GIS data at one-degree resolution of the World from NASA/SSE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Earth Skin Temperature (° C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Earth Skin Temperature (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; positive values are north and east. Boundaries of the -90/-180 region are -90 to -89 (south) and -180 to -179 (west). The last region, 89/180, is bounded by 89 to 90 (north) and 179 to 180 (east). The mid-point of the region is +0.5 added to the the Lat/Lon value. These data are

63

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shapefile Download Download Shapefile URL: http:en.openei.orgdatasetsdatasetbf630417-0a0e-49c1-96a5-7770efffca8bresource86c37148-e1e7-43bf-8889-22a52f687382download...

64

Solar: monthly and annual average global horizontal irradiance...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Data Download Download Data URL: http:en.openei.orgdatasetsdatasetbf630417-0a0e-49c1-96a5-7770efffca8bresource4a857687-4cf9-43bb-b5d8-07dea9ae96bcdownloadghinasalow.csv...

65

A new method to estimate annual solar wind parameters and contributions of different solar wind structures to geomagnetic activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we study two sets of local geomagnetic indices from 26 stations using the principal component (PC) and the independent component (IC) analysis methods. We demonstrate that the annually averaged indices can be accurately represented as linear combinations of two first components with weights systematically depending on latitude. We show that the annual contributions of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and high speed streams (HSSs) to geomagnetic activity are highly correlated with the first and second IC. The first and second ICs are also found to be very highly correlated with the strength of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and the solar wind speed, respectively, because solar wind speed is the most important parameter driving geomagnetic activity during HSSs while IMF strength dominates during CMEs. These results help in better understanding the long-term driving of geomagnetic activity and in gaining information about the long-term evolution of solar wind parameters and the different sol...

Holappa, Lauri; Asikainen, Timo

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Solar 2014: The 52 Annual Conference of the Australian Solar Council  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar 2014: The 52 nd Annual Conference of the Australian Solar Council A Modified Extended Kalman.zapata@anu.edu.au Keywords: Concentrating Solar Power, Direct steam generation, Parabolic dishes, Continuous from sensors or dynamic mathematical models of the heat transfer process taking place at the receiver

67

On characterization and measurement of average solar field mirror reflectance in utility-scale concentrating solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Due to the emerging need for the development of acceptance test codes for commercial concentrating solar power (CSP) plants, an effort is made here to develop a mirror reflectance model suitable for CSP applications as well as a general procedure to measure the average mirror reflectance of a solar field. Typically, a utility-scale solar field includes hundreds of thousands of mirror panels (if not more), and their reflectance is subject to many factors, such as weather and planned washing schedule. The newly developed mirror reflectance model can be used to characterize different types of mirror materials and can be directly used to perform optical performance evaluation of solar collectors. The newly proposed procedure for average solar field reflectance measurements includes a baseline comprehensive measurement and an individual factor measurement: the former allows a comprehensive survey of mirror reflectance across the whole solar field, and the latter can provide correcting factors for selected individual factors to further improve the accuracy of the baseline measurements. A detailed test case implementing the general procedure is applied to a state-of-the-art commercial parabolic trough plant and validates the proposed mirror reflectance model and average reflectance measurement procedure. In the test case, the plant-wide reflectance measurements at a commercial utility-scale solar plant were conducted and can shed light on relevant analysis of CSP applications. The work can also be naturally applied to other types of solar plants, such as power towers and linear Fresnel plants.

Guangdong Zhu; David Kearney; Mark Mehos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979 October 1980 TWO-WEEK LOAN

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Bonnyrigg solar village: An analysis of annual energy use and comfort  

SciTech Connect

In 1981, 12 solar-efficient houses and 3 standard houses were designed and built for the New South Wales Housing commission near Sydney, Australia. Recently, a pilot study was done to evaluate the energy use and comfort levels in these 15 houses over a two-year period. Heavyweight, well insulated houses, as a group, used the least energy annually, averaging 19,235 MJ in 1983-1984. They are least likely to require winter space heating, which typically contributes 31% of the total energy bill. A trade-off of a well insulated house is less comfort in the summer unless active measures are taken by the residents to open windows in the evenings and close shades in the day for effective cooling. Even so, the four houses with heavyweight wall construction remained in the daytime comfort zone an average of 76% of the time in 1983. The annual energy use in the houses was compared to other studies done in Australia. The average energy consumption of the 12 passive solar homes was 22,687 MJ/year in the two-year period 1983-1984. Bartels (1985) found the average household consumption in New South Wales to be 28,000 MJ. The three control houses used 30,059 MJ/year on average, though the sample size was considerably smaller, and thus more likely to be affected by atypical user behavior. This study provides clear evidence of the effectiveness of solar efficient design in significantly reducing winter heating loads.

Ballinger, J.A.; Di Franco, T.L.; Prasad, D.K. (Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney (Australia))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT-TERM IRRADIANCE VARIABILITY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT, as hypothesized in Hoff and Perez's optimum point. #12;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual is the factor that determines whether the combined relative fluctuations of two solar systems add up when

Perez, Richard R.

71

American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, EVALUATION OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, EVALUATION;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, irradiance forecasts over OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION SOLAR IRRADIANCE FORECASTS IN THE US Richard Perez ASRC, Albany, NY, Perez

Perez, Richard R.

72

Solar Energy With an average of over 300 sunny days a year, Israel is an ideal labo-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 Solar Energy With an average of over 300 sunny days a year, Israel is an ideal labo- ratory for testing one particularly promising alternative to fossil fuels: solar energy. In contrast to fossil fuels as much energy strikes the earth in the form of solar radiation as is used in a whole year throughout

Maoz, Shahar

73

Annual measured performance of building-integrated solar energy systems in demonstration low-energy solar house  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the details of the output and efficiency of the annual performance of building-integrated solar energy systems for a solar water heating system and solar photovoltaic (PV) modules of a demonstration near-zero-energy solar house that was constructed on the campus of the Korea Institute of Energy Research. The thermal systems installed in the house were a solar water heating system with building-integrated solar collectors for water heating and for part of the space heating and a ground-coupled heat pump for space cooling and part of the space heating. Solar PV modules were installed on the roof of the house. The performance of these systems was monitored for more than 1 yr. The annual efficiencies of the building's integrated solar collectors and solar PV were 22.8% and 10.9% respectively. The total annual solar fraction of the solar heating system was 69.7% with an annual solar heat production of 248?kW h/m2. This paper also focuses on the efficiency of the house's solar storage based upon intentionally varied drainage of hot water from the storage tank. It was found that the thermal loss from the solar storage tank has a strong functional relationship with the thermal demand of the solar storage tank per unit volume. For example when the hot water consumption was reduced by half during September the thermal loss increased to more than 70% which would otherwise have been around 30%.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Evaluation of annual efficiencies of high temperature central receiver concentrated solar power plants with thermal energy storage.  

SciTech Connect

The current study has examined four cases of a central receiver concentrated solar power plant with thermal energy storage using the DELSOL and SOLERGY computer codes. The current state-of-the-art base case was compared with a theoretical high temperature case which was based on the scaling of some input parameters and the estimation of other parameters based on performance targets from the Department of Energy SunShot Initiative. This comparison was done for both current and high temperature cases in two configurations: a surround field with an external cylindrical receiver and a north field with a single cavity receiver. There is a fairly dramatic difference between the design point and annual average performance, especially in the solar field and receiver subsystems, and also in energy losses due to the thermal energy storage being full to capacity. Additionally, there are relatively small differences (<2%) in annual average efficiencies between the Base and High Temperature cases, despite an increase in thermal to electric conversion efficiency of over 8%. This is due the increased thermal losses at higher temperature and operational losses due to subsystem start-up and shut-down. Thermal energy storage can mitigate some of these losses by utilizing larger thermal energy storage to ensure that the electric power production system does not need to stop and re-start as often, but solar energy is inherently transient. Economic and cost considerations were not considered here, but will have a significant impact on solar thermal electric power production strategy and sizing.

Ehrhart, Brian David; Gill, David Dennis

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Long-term-average, solar cycle, and seasonal response of magnetospheric energetic electrons to the solar wind speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the solar wind speed D. Vassiliadis,1 A. J. Klimas,2 S. G. Kanekal,3 D. N. Baker,3 and R. S. Weigel4. [1] Among the interplanetary activity parameters the solar wind speed is the one best correlated, and seasonal response of magnetospheric energetic electrons to the solar wind speed, J. Geophys. Res., 107(A11

Vassiliadis, Dimitrios

76

Solar Generator Performance with Load Matching to Water Electrolysis Longterm Averages and Range of Instantaneous Efficiencies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficiency of producing hydrogen by solar energy conversion via solar cells and water electrolysis is determined by the performance of the ... wired to an electronic simulation of an advanced water electrolys...

K. Freudenberg

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Annual performance prediction for off-axis aligned Lugo heliostats at Solar Two  

SciTech Connect

The DELSOL computer code was used to model the annual Performance for numerous off-axis alignments of the Lugo heliostats located at the Solar Two site in Dagget, California. Recommended canting times are presented for the Lugo heliostats based upon their location in the field. Predicted annual performance of an off-axis alignment was actually higher than for on-axis alignment in some cases, and approximately equal if the recommended times are used. The annual performances of Solar One heliostats located nearby were also calculated, and illustrated the poorer performance expected of the Lugo heliostats.

Jones, S.A.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Solar Heating with Annual Heat Storage Modelling and Practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Central solar heating systems with seasonal heat storage are recognized as one of the most potential forms of solar energy utilization at northern latitudes. Because of ... and energy flows of a full-scale distri...

P. D. Lund; S. S. Peltola

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Evaluation of Annual Efficiencies of High Temperature Central Receiver Concentrated Solar Power Plants with Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The current study has examined four cases of a central receiver concentrated solar power plant with thermal energy storage using the DELSOL3 and SOLERGY computer codes. The current state-of-the-art base case was compared with a theoretical high temperature case, which was based on the scaling of some input parameters and the estimation of other parameters based on performance targets from the Department of Energy SunShot Initiative. This comparison was done for both current and high temperature cases in two configurations: a surround field with an external cylindrical receiver and a north field with a single cavity receiver. The optical designs for all four cases were done using the DELSOL3 computer code; the results were then passed to the SOLERGY computer code, which uses historical typical meteorological year (TMY) data to estimate the plant performance over the course of one year of operation. Each of the four cases was sized to produce 100 \\{MWe\\} of gross electric power, have sensible liquid thermal storage capacity to generate electric power at full rated production level for 6hours, and have a solar multiple of 1.8. There is a fairly dramatic difference between the design point and annual average performance. The largest differences are in the solar field and receiver subsystems, and also in energy losses due to the thermal energy storage being full to capacity. Another notable finding in the current study is the relatively small difference in annual average efficiencies between the Base and High Temperature cases. For both the Surround Field and North Field cases, the increase in annual solar to electric efficiency is <2%, despite an increase in thermal to electric conversion efficiency of over 8%. The reasons for this include the increased thermal losses due to higher temperature operation and operational losses due to start-up and shut-down of plant sub-systems. Thermal energy storage can mitigate some of these losses by utilizing larger thermal energy storage to ensure that the electric power production system does not need to stop and re-start as often, but solar energy is inherently transient. Economic and cost considerations were not considered here, but will have a significant impact on solar thermal electric power production strategy and sizing.

B. Ehrhart; D. Gill

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Proceedings of the 1998 American Solar Energy Society annual conference  

SciTech Connect

The 91 papers in these proceedings are arranged under the following topical sections: Renewable energy in Latin America; PV research and development; PV systems and applications; PV array performance; Wind energy; Grid connection and net metering; PV utility issues; Rural and remote electrification; Concentrators and thermal power; Solar water heating systems; Solar water heating programs and evaluation; New concepts in collectors; Water treatment and distillation; Cooling and refrigeration; Cooking and drying; Solar chemistry and alternative fuels; Transportation; Measurement of solar radiation; Government and institutional programs; and Government issues of policy and finance. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

Campbell-Howe, R.; Cortez, T.; Wilkins-Crowder, B. (eds.)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Although both the Arctic and Antarctic are subject to a similar annual cycle of solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although both the Arctic and Antarctic are subject to a similar annual cycle of solar radiation influence is emerging. Model simulations provided to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC. In the Antarctic, the attribution story is different. A poleward contraction and increase in circumpolar westerly

Francis, Jennifer

82

Although both the Arctic and Antarctic are subject to a similar annual cycle of solar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

177 Although both the Arctic and Antarctic are subject to a similar annual cycle of solar radiation influence is emerging. Model sim- ulations provided to the Intergovernmen- tal Panel on Climate Change (IPCC. In the Antarctic, the attribution story is different. A poleward contraction and increase in circumpolar westerly

83

Bi-Annual Scientific Report Jan. 2002 -Dec. 2003 Department of Solar Energy & Environmental Physics: highlight of research projects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, quantitative assessment of aging and deterioration of solar panels and the development of novel techniquesBi-Annual Scientific Report Jan. 2002 - Dec. 2003 Department of Solar Energy & Environmental by the researchers of the Department of Solar Energy & Environmental Physics during the reported years provides

Prigozhin, Leonid

84

Fifth parabolic dish solar thermal power program annual review: proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the Review was to present the results of activities within the Parabolic Dish Technology and Module/Systems Development element of the Department of Energy's Solar Thermal Energy Systems Program. The Review consisted of nine technical sessions covering overall Project and Program aspects, Stirling and Brayton module development, concentrator and engine/receiver development, and associated hardware and test results to date; distributed systems operating experience; international dish development activities; and non-DOE-sponsored domestic dish activities. A panel discussion concerning business views of solar electric generation was held. These Proceedings contain the texts of presentations made at the Review, as submitted by their authors at the beginning of the Review; therefore, they may vary slightly from the actual presentations in the technical sessions.

None

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Technical and economical system comparison of photovoltaic and concentrating solar thermal power systems depending on annual global irradiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Concentrating solar thermal power and photovoltaics are two major technologies for converting sunlight to electricity. Variations of the annual solar irradiation depending on the site influence their annual efficiency, specific output and electricity generation cost. Detailed technical and economical analyses performed with computer simulations point out differences of solar thermal parabolic trough power plants, non-tracked and two-axis-tracked PV systems. Therefore, 61 sites in Europe and North Africa covering a global annual irradiation range from 923 to 2438 kWh/m2a have been examined. Simulation results are usable irradiation by the systems, specific annual system output and levelled electricity cost. Cost assumptions are made for today's cost and expected cost in 10 years considering different progress ratios. This will lead to a cost reduction by 50% for PV systems and by 40% for solar thermal power plants. The simulation results show where are optimal regions for installing solar thermal trough and tracked PV systems in comparison to non-tracked PV. For low irradiation values the annual output of solar thermal systems is much lower than of PV systems. On the other hand, for high irradiations solar thermal systems provide the best-cost solution even when considering higher cost reduction factors for PV in the next decade. Electricity generation cost much below 10 Eurocents per kWh for solar thermal systems and about 12 Eurocents/kWh for PV can be expected in 10 years in North Africa.

Volker Quaschning

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Annual performance analysis of the solar chimney power plant in Sinkiang, China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract To obtain more accurate prediction of the annual performance of solar chimney power plants (SCPPs), a comprehensive theoretical model is developed by taking into account the hourly variation of solar radiation. The effects of the collector and chimney radii on the power output of the SCPP are analyzed, and the results reveal that a limitation on the maximum collector radius exists for the maximum attainable power output of the SCPP. Then four designs of 100MW \\{SCPPs\\} with different combinations of collector and chimney radii are proposed and the most cost effective one is chosen from among the four SCPPs. The annual power output of the chosen SCPP in the Hami region is estimated at an interval of 1h for a whole year. The results indicate that the power generation of SCPP presents obvious seasonal variation. Furthermore, the use of 14% of the unused land in the Hami region for the installation of \\{SCPPs\\} would satisfy the annual power requirement for the whole of the Sinkiang region.

Peng-hua Guo; Jing-yin Li; Yuan Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Become One In A Million: Partnership Updates. Million Solar Roofs and Interstate Renewable Energy Council Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., October 2005  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Million Solar Roofs Initiative (MSR) is a unique public-private partnership aimed at overcoming market barriers for photovoltaics (PV), solar water heating, transpired solar collectors, solar space heating and cooling, and pool heating. This report contains annual progress reports from 866 partners across the United States.

Tombari, C.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Trade-off between collector area, storage volume, and building conservation in annual-storage solar-heating systems  

SciTech Connect

Annual storage is used with active solar heating systems to permit storage of summertime solar heat for winter use. The results of a comprehensive computer simulation study of the performance of active solar heating systems with long-term hot water storage are presented. A unique feature of this study is the investigation of systems used to supply backup heat to passive solar and energy-conserving buildings, as well as to meet standard heating and hot water loads. Findings show that system output increases linearly as storage volume increases, up to the point where the storage tank is large enough to store all heat collected in summer. This point, the point of unconstrained operation, is the likely economic optimum. Unlike diurnal storage systems, annual storage systems show only slightly diminished efficiency as system size increases. Annual storage systems providing nearly 100% solar space heat may cost the same or less per unit heat delivered as a 50% diurnal solar system. Also in contrast to diurnal systems, annual storage systems perform efficiently in meeting the load of a passive or energy-efficient building.

Sillman, S.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

average air temperature | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average air temperature average air temperature Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Release 6.0 Data Set (Nov 2007)22-year Monthly & Annual Average (July 1983 - June 2005)Parameter: Air Temperature at 10 m Above The Surface Of The Earth (deg C)Internet: http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/Note 1: SSE Methodology & Accuracy sections onlineNote 2: Lat/Lon values indicate the lower left corner of a 1x1 degree region. Negative values are south and west; Source U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Surface meteorology and Solar Energy (SSE) Date Released March 31st, 2009 (5 years ago) Date Updated April 01st, 2009 (5 years ago) Keywords average air temperature

90

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Berkeley, California 94720 SOLAR ENERGY Introductionutiliza- tion of solar energy in northern California. Shouldindividual solar stations currently in northern California

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demonstratin\\:J existing solar technology. Technical supportand Storage Systems (Central Solar Technology-Solar Thermaland Distributed Solar Technology-Photovolaics Branch). A

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

average | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

average average Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

93

Oecologia (Berl.) 44, 159-163 (1980) Oecologia9 by Springer-Verlag 1980 Solar Tracking Response to Drought in a Desert Annual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on possible adaptive benefits that might be conferred by solar tracking movements. Two species have beenOecologia (Berl.) 44, 159-163 (1980) Oecologia9 by Springer-Verlag 1980 Solar Tracking Response Lake City, UT, 84112, USA Summary. The responses to drought of the solar tracking winter annual Lupinus

Ehleringer, Jim

94

solar | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

solar solar Dataset Summary Description No description given. Source NCDC Date Released November 01st, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords dataset NSRDB solar Data application/pdf icon NSRDB User Manual (pdf, 8.1 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments If you rate this dataset, your published comment will include your rating. Dataset Summary Description Abstract: Monthly and annual average solar resource potential for the lower 48 states of the United States of America.

95

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suspensions for Solar Energy Collection A. Hunt . . .Strategies for Active Solar Energy Systems M. Warren, S.of Selective Surfaces," Solar Energy A. Addeo et aI. , "

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Division of Distributed Solar Technology Contractors' Pro-Division of Distributed Solar Technology Insolation Assess-demonstrating existing solar technology. DOE's San Francisco

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hunt . . . Sensible Heat Storage for a Solar Thermal Powerthrough Solar Geothermal, Electric, and Storage Systems (A. Foss, "Sensible heat storage for a solar thermal power

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through Solar, Geothermal, Electric, and Storage Systems (with either direct solar gain or mass storage wall elements.Economical energy storage is essential if solar power plants

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Particle Suspensions for Solar Energy Collection A.Sensible Heat Storage for a Solar Thermal Power Plant T.and A. Pfeiffhofer . Solar Heated Gas Turbine Process

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flowers, "Comparison of Solar Radiation Sensors from Variousquality sensors and will be moved to locations where solarThis sensor has been carefully tested by the Solar Radiation

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar Energy Program: Chapter from the Energy and Environmental Division Annual Report 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM PERSONNEL Small Particle SuspensionsStrategies for Active Solar Energy Systems M. Warren, S.ENVIRONMENT DIVISION I SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM Chapter from t h

Energy and Environment Division

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suspensions for Solar Energy Collection A. Hunt . . .Strategies for Active Solar Energy Systems M. Warren, S.Warren, and A. Heitz Solar Energy Staff . . INTRODUCTION

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Solar Activity during Two Millennia as Estimated from Annual Tree Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The relationship between solar activity and the global climate is not only an academically interesting issue, but also an important problem for human beings. Lean and Rind have analyzed a considerable amount of climate data from around the world from 1889 to 2006. According to their analysis, the global effect was estimated to be 0.17 plus-minus 0.01K between the solar maximum and minimum. However, they noticed that the effect strongly appeared in the zones between 70N and 30N, and between 25S and 50S. At its peak latitude (near 40), the effect was estimated to be 0.5 K. Therefore, we analyzed a tree that survived at the Murooji temple in Nara prefecture (34d32mN, 136d2mE) Japan, for 391 years. Quite surprisingly, Fourier analysis of the annual growth rate identified two cycles with periodicities of 12 and 25 years during the Maunder minimum. We have continued the analysis, using different samples from the Nagusa shrine in Hyogo Prefecture, Itayanagi City, Aomori Prefecture, Japan, and from Yaku Island in Kyu...

Muraki, Y; Kuramata, S; Masuda, K; Nagaya, K; Shibata, S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Economic analysis of community solar heating systems that use annual cycle thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

The economics of community-scale solar systems that incorporate a centralized annual cycle thermal energy storage (ACTES) coupled to a distribution system is examined. Systems were sized for three housing configurations: single-unit dwellings, 10-unit, and 200-unit apartment complexes in 50-, 200-, 400-, and 1000-unit communities in 10 geographic locations in the United States. Thermal energy is stored in large, constructed, underground tanks. Costs were assigned to each component of every system in order to allow calculation of total costs. Results are presented as normalized system costs per unit of heat delivered per building unit. These methods allow: (1) identification of the relative importance of each system component in the overall cost; and (2) identification of the key variables that determine the optimum sizing of a district solar heating system. In more northerly locations, collectors are a larger component of cost. In southern locations, distribution networks are a larger proportion of total cost. Larger, more compact buildings are, in general, less expensive to heat. For the two smaller-scale building configurations, a broad minima in total costs versus system size is often observed.

Baylin, F.; Monte, R.; Sillman, S.; Hooper, F.C.; McClenahan, J.D.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Influence of the 11year solar cycle on annual streamflow maxima in Southern Canada  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary The re-occurrence pattern of major extremes in hydrology, such as the timing and intensity of river floods, is related to a variety of natural and anthropogenic factors. In this study, the particular temporal regional influence of ?11year solar radiation cyclicities on the maximum annual streamflow (MAS) records from six stations from four eco-zones in Southern Canada were investigated. Wavelet analysis decomposition and re-composition techniques were applied to extract the ?11year signals in the hydrological records. An ?11year cyclicity is evident in all eco-zones but it is superimposed by non-periodic variability in the 2 to 18year wavebands that are due to El Nino/Southern Oscillation and North Atlantic Oscillation related precipitation variability or random components in the records. The ?11year MAS cyclicity is strong in the Mountain ecozone (Rocky Mountains) and less strong in the Boreal Shield. In these eco-zones, it was found that years that experienced major floods were most likely to occur during low sunspot number years, in the spring time approximately 67years after the last solar maximum. The results of the wavelet analysis demonstrate that major floods are more likely to occur during sunspot cycles with relatively low sunspot numbers after the last maximum.

Andreas Prokoph; Jan Adamowski; Kaz Adamowski

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U,S,/ Israel and U.S. /Mexico solar programs. The SOLERASMexico," Proceedings of the International Conference on Solar

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Open cycle liquid desiccant dehumidifier and hybrid solar/electric absorption refrigeration system. Annual report, January 1993--December 1993. Calendar year 1993  

SciTech Connect

This annual report presents work performed during calendar year 1993 by the Florida Solar Energy Center under contract to the US Department of Energy. Two distinctively different solar powered indoor climate control systems were analyzed: the open cycle liquid desiccant dehumidifier, and an improved efficiency absorption system which may be fired by flat plate solar collectors. Both tasks represent new directions relative to prior FSEC research in Solar Cooling and Dehumidification.

Nimmo, B.G.; Thornbloom, M.D.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Insignificant solar-terrestrial triggering of earthquakes Jeffrey J. Love1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insignificant solar-terrestrial triggering of earthquakes Jeffrey J. Love1 and Jeremy N. Thomas2 that solar-terrestrial interaction, as measured by sunspots, solar wind velocity, and geomagnetic activity by the corresponding rank of annual, monthly, and daily averages of the solar-terrestrial variables. We measure

Thomas, Jeremy N.

109

OpenEI - solar radiation  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

monthly and monthly and annual average latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands from NREL http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/500 (Abstract):  Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America,
and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose):  Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the

110

Solar Energy Program: Chapter from the Energy and Environmental Division Annual Report 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM PERSONNEL Small Particle SuspensionsStrategies for Active Solar Energy Systems M. Warren, S.R a d i a t i o n , " Solar Energy, v o l . 4, no. 3 , 1960,

Energy and Environment Division

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I (t II ! I Solar Energy Michael A. Wahlig GroupWorkshop on the Control of Solar Energy Systems for Heatingin the utiliza- tion of solar energy in northern California.

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PG&E/LBL Solar Data Network D. Anson . . . . The RoleWahlig Development of Solar-Driven Ammonia-Water AbsorptionSupport Activities for DOE Solar Heating and Cooling

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. Pfeiffhofer . Solar Heated Gas Turbine Process UsingLynn, and A. Foss, "A solar heated gas-turbine process usingLynn, and A. Foss, "A solar-heated gas-turbine process using

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual cycle solar Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is clouds... Ch.2 Solar Energy to Earth and the Seasons The Solar System, Sun, and Earth Solar Energy: From... s 1 light-year (ly) 9.5 trillion km Light year is a unit of...

115

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I (t II ! I Solar Energy Michael A. Wahlig GroupCalifornia 94720 SOLAR ENERGY Introduction Measurement ofWorkshop on the Control of Solar Energy Systems for Heating

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM. CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1978  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the solar collector tempera- ture sensor and is based onsensors used to generate input signals for the solardeveloped Solar Controller. The inputs from 8 sensors are

authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Solar2011, the 49th AuSES Annual Conference 1 November -2 December 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to investigate the advantages of solar cooling and to provide guidelines for the design of solar cooling plants in practice. The most significant program in the solar cooling context is the International Energy Agency (IEA (International Energy Agency Solar Heating and Cooling Project (IEA-SHC) 2011a). As a result of this project

118

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual solar erythemal Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

. 2.2 Diffuse and global erythemal UV Two erythemal UV meters (UV-Biometer Model 501, Solar Light Co... , for example, age, skin type, latitude, solar zenith angle. Current...

119

Annual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19 19 th Annual Triple "E" Seminar Presented by U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory and Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh Thursday, January 20, 2011 8:00 a.m. Registration & Breakfast 8:30 a.m. Opening Remarks/Welcome Michael Nowak, Senior Management & Technical Advisor National Energy Technology Laboratory 8:35 a.m. Overview of Energy Issues Michael Nowak, Senior Management & Technical Advisor National Energy Technology Laboratory 8:45 a.m. Introduction of Presenters McMahan Gray National Energy Technology Laboratory 8:50 a.m. Jane Konrad, Pgh Regional Center for Science Teachers "Green - What Does it Mean" 9:45 a.m. Break 10:00 a.m. John Varine, Spectroscopy Society of Pittsburgh

120

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 10km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from SUNY Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for horizontal flat-plate solar collectors for Central America (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a horizontal flat-plate solar collector, such as a Photovoltaic (PV) solar panel. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Solar Thermal Energy Use in EU-27 Countries: Evolution and Promotion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Growth in the use of renewable energies in the 27 European Union (EU-27 ... past decade has been remarkable. Among these energies is solar thermal energy (STE). The average annual growth rate ... has reached almo...

Mara P. del Pablo-Romero; Antonio Snchez-Braza; Enrique Lerma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Annual Operating Characteristics of Solar Central Water Heater System Assisted by Heat Pump  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solar central water heater (SCWH) could supply ... massive users effectively and reliably. A SCWH assisted by heat pump (SCWHP) was proposed...

Wei Hu; Zhaolin Gu; Shiyu Feng; Xiufeng Gao

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Urban Options Solar Greenhouse Project. Semi-annual technical progress report  

SciTech Connect

The design changes and construction of the Urban Options Solar Greenhouse are described. The greenhouse performance and horticultural and educational activities are discussed. (MHR)

Cipparone, L.

1980-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

124

PROCEEDINGS OF THE SOLAR 99 CONFERENCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SOLAR 99 CONFERENCE SOLAR 99 CONFERENCE Including Proceedings of ASES Annual Conference Proceedings of 24 th National Passive Solar Conference Portland, Maine June 12 -16, 1999 Editors: R. Campbell-Howe B. Wilkins-Crowder American Solar Energy Society American Institute of Architects Committee on the Environment Printed on recycled paper HIGH-RESOLUTION MAPS OF SOLAR COLLECTOR PERFORMANCE USING A CLIMATOLOGICAL SOLAR RADIATION MODEL Raymond L. George National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 e-mail: ray george@nrel.gov ABSTRACT This paper will present a new methodology for producing estimates of the monthly and annual average performance of different types of flat-plate and concentrating solar collectors. The estimates are made on a uniform spatial grid

125

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Heated Gas Turbine Process Using Sulfur Oxides for Power Production and Energy Storagesolar heated gas-turbine process using sulfur oxides for power production and energy storage,"solar-heated gas-turbine process using sulfur oxides for pOHer production and energy storage,"

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Solar Energy Program: Chapter from the Energy and EnvironmentalDivision Annual Report 1980  

SciTech Connect

Solar energy has become a major alternative for supplying a substantial fraction of the nation's future energy needs. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports activities ranging from the demonstration of existing technology to research on future possibilities. At Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL), projects are in progress that span a wide range of activities, with the emphasis on research to extend the scientific basis for solar energy applications, and on preliminary development of new approaches to solar energy conversion. To assess various solar applications, it is important to quantify the solar resource. Special instruments have been developed and are now in use to measure both direct solar radiation and circum-solar radiation, i.e., the radiation from near the sun resulting from the scattering of sunlight by small particles in the atmosphere. These measurements serve to predict the performance of solar designs that use focusing collectors employing mirrors or lenses to concentrate the sunlight. Efforts have continued at a low level to assist DOE in demonstrating existing solar technology by providing the San Francisco Operations Office (SAN) with technical support for its management of commercial-building solar demonstration projects. Also, a hot water and space-heating system has been installed on an LBL building as part of the DOE facilities Solar Demonstration Program. LBL continues to provide support for the DOE Appropriate Energy Technology grants program. Evaluations are made of the program's effectiveness by, for example, estimating the resulting potential energy savings. LBL also documents innovative features and improvements in economic feasibility as compared to existing conventional systems or applications. In the near future, we expect that LBL research will have a substantial impact in the areas of solar heating and cooling. Conventional and new types of high-performance absorption air conditioners are being developed that are air-cooled and suitable for use with flat plate or higher-temperature collectors. Operation of the controls test facility and computer modeling of collector loop and building load dynamics are yielding quantitative evaluations of the performance of different control strategies for active solar-heating systems. Research is continuing on ''passive'' approaches to solar heating and cooling, where careful considerations of architectural design, construction materials, and the environment are used to moderate a building's interior climate. Computer models of passive concepts are being developed and incorporated into building energy analysis computer programs which are in the public domain. The resulting passive analysis capabilities are used in systems studies leading to design tools and in the design of commercial buildings on a case study basis. The investigation of specific passive cooling methods is an ongoing project; for example, a process is being studied in which heat-storage material would be cooled by radiation to the night sky, and would then provide ''coolness'' to the building. Laboratory personnel involved in the solar cooling, controls, and passive projects are also providing technical support to the Active Heating and Cooling Division and the Passive and Hybrid Division of DOE in developing program plans, evaluating proposals, and making technical reviews of projects at other institutions and in industry. Low-grade heat is a widespread energy resource that could make a significant contribution to energy needs if economical methods can be developed for converting it to useful work. Investigations continued this year on the feasibility of using the ''shape-memory'' alloy, Nitinol, as a basis for constructing heat engines that could operate from energy sources, such as solar-heated water, industrial waste heat, geothermal brines, and ocean thermal gradients. Several projects are investigating longer-term possibilities for utilizing solar energy. One project involves the development of a new type of solar thermal receiver that would be placed at the focus of a central

Energy and Environment Division

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Annual Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Optimization of a Solar-Assisted Heating Swimming Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is concerned with the energy efficiency calculations and optimization for an indoor solar-assisted heating swimming pool in GuangZhou. The heating energy requirements for maintaining the pool constant temperature were investigated, which...

Zuo, Z.; Hu, W.; Meng, O.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Solar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With sharp drop in costs for photovoltaic and solar thermal processes, solar energy has become more attractive alternative ... Almost half the total was earmarked for PV and solar thermal projects. ...

WARD WORTHY

1991-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

129

Lefvre M., Cros S., Albuisson M., Wald L., 2003. Developing a database using Meteosat data for the de-livery of solar radiation assessments at ground level. In Proceedings of the 23rd EARSeL Annual Symposium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, oceanogra- phy and limnology applications, urban air quality studies, sizing of space borne sensors, solar for the de- livery of solar radiation assessments at ground level. In Proceedings of the 23rd EARSeL Annual, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp. 485-489. Developing a database using METEOSAT data for the delivery of solar

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

130

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: July 12, 2004 8: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles on AddThis.com... Fact #328: July 12, 2004 Expected Average Annual Miles Twenty-five percent of the respondents to a nationwide survey said that

131

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Heated Gas Turbine Process Using Sulfur Oxides for Power Production and Energysolar heated gas-turbine process using sulfur oxides for power production and energysolar-heated gas-turbine process using sulfur oxides for pOHer production and energy

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systems. Incident radiation Heliostat field Heat-transfersunlight hours by a field of heliostats focused on a central69% is for the tower and heliostat field. Average cost of

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Investigation of test methods, material properties, and processes for solar cell encapsulants. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this program is to identify, evaluate, and recommend encapsulant materials and processes for the production of cost-effective, long-life solar cell modules. Technical activities during the past year have covered a number of topics and have emphasized the development of solar module encapsulation technology that employs ethylene/vinyl acetate, copolymer (EVA) as the pottant. These activities have included: (1) continued production of encapsulation grade EVA in sheet form to meet the needs of the photovoltaic industry; (2) investigations of three non-blocking techniques for EVA sheet; (3) performed an economic analysis of the high volume production of each pottant in order to estimate the large volume selling price (EVA, EPDM, aliphatic urethane, PVC plastisol, and butyl acrylate); (4) initiated an experimental corrosion protection program to determine if metal components could be successfully protected by encapsulation; (5) began an investigation to determine the maximum temperature which can be tolerated by the candidate pottant material in the event of hot spot heating or other temperature override; (6) continuation of surveys of potentially useful outer cover materials; and (7) continued with the accelerated artificial weathering of candidate encapsulation materials. Study results are presented. (WHK)

Willis, P. B.; Baum, B.; Schnitzer, H. S.

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Better Steam Engine: Designing a Distributed Concentrating Solar Combined Heat and Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Rankine thermodynamics matches Californiaconsidered, using average California solar insolation dataelectricity. Solar Rankine thermodynamics matches California

Norwood, Zachary Mills

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 10km resolution for Central  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

for Central for Central America from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Central America. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 10 km by 10 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as kilowatt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from the State University of New York's (SUNY) GOES satellite solar model. This

136

Solar: monthly direct normal (DNI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for 2-axis tracking concentrating collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector, such as a dish collector, which tracks the sun continuously. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

137

Solar: monthly global horizontal (GHI) GIS data at 40km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

40km resolution for 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly average solar resource for horizontal flat-plate collectors for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented horizontally. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The data were developed from NREL's Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. This model uses information on cloud cover, atmospheric water

138

Polycrystalline thin-film cadmium telluride solar cells fabricated by electrodeposition. Annual technical report  

SciTech Connect

During the past year, Colorado School of Mines (CSM) researchers performed systematic studies of the growth and properties of electrodeposition CdS and back-contact formation using Cu-doped ZnTe, with an emphasis on low Cu concentrations. CSM also started to explore the stability of its ZnTe-Cu contacted CdTe solar cells. Researchers investigated the electrodeposition of CdS and its application in fabricating CdTe/CdS solar cells. The experimental conditions they explored in this study were pH from 2.0 to 3.0; temperatures of 80 and 90 C; CdCl{sub 2} concentration of 0.2 M; deposition potential from {minus}550 to {minus}600 mV vs. Ag/AgCl electrode; [Na{sub 2}S{sub 2}O{sub 4}] concentration between 0.005 and 0.05 M. The deposition rate increases with increase of the thiosulfate concentration and decrease of solution pH. Researchers also extended their previous research of ZnTe:Cu films by investigating films doped with low Cu concentrations (< 5 at. %). The low Cu concentration enabled them to increase the ZnTe:Cu post-annealing temperature without causing excessive Cu diffusion into CdTe or formation of secondary phases. The effects of Cu doping concentration and post-deposition annealing temperature on the structural, compositional, and electrical properties of ZnTe were studied systematically using X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy, electron microprobe, Hall effect, and conductivity measurements.

Trefny, J.U.; Mao, D. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Physics

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Solar photocatalytic hydrogen production from water using a dual bed photosystem. Task 2 report; Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This work is an investigation into the use of photocatalytic particles in a dual bed configuration, so as to effect the solar-driven decomposition of water to its constituent elements, particularly hydrogen. The system envisioned would consist of two modules, each consisting of a shallow, flat, sealed container, in which micron-sized photocatalytic particles are immobilized. An aqueous solution containing a redox mediator is pumped between the two chambers. Different photoparticles and catalysts are chosen for their respective modules so as to effect oxidative water-splitting in one vessel to evolve oxygen gas, and reductive water-splitting in the other to evolve hydrogen. This is a direct photoconversion scheme that breaks down the energetic requirement for water decomposition into a 2-photon process, and enables separate production of hydrogen and oxygen. Titanium dioxide, TiO{sub 2}, and indium phosphide, InP, were employed as photoparticles in the O{sub 2}- and H{sub 2}-evolving beds, respectively. Platinum catalysts were evaluated to prompt H{sub 2}-evolution. Calculations on the energy band structure of free and immobilized particles provided guidance as to how the microstructure of the particles should be configured. A series of redox mediators, spanning a range of redox potentials, were tested. While many electron donors facilitated H{sub 2}-evolution, only the most oxidizing ones enabled O{sub 2}-evolution. A single redox couple, capable of charge exchange in both modules, is desirable to avoid system design complexity.

Linkous, C.A.; McKaige, G.T.; Slattery, D.K.; Ouellette, A.J.A.; Austin, B.C.N.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Performance model and annual yield comparison of parabolic-trough solar thermal power plants with either nitrogen or synthetic oil as heat transfer fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The majority of commercial parabolic-trough plants in the world operate with synthetic oil as heat transfer fluid in the solar field. However, the synthetic oils that are available at affordable cost present some challenges such as their flammability, environmental toxicity and a temperature limitation of around 400C. As alternative, this work proposes the use of pressurized nitrogen as heat transfer fluid. In order to analyze the feasibility of this technology, a comparison between a plant with nitrogen and a conventional plant with synthetic oil has been carried out. In both cases, 50MWe parabolic-trough plants with 6h of thermal storage are used as reference. A performance model including the solar field, the thermal storage system and the power block has been developed for each plant in the TRNSYS simulation software. This paper also describes the specifications, design and sizing of the solar field and explains the basic operation strategy applied in each model. Both annual simulations have been performed considering the same location, Almera (Spain), and meteorological data. In summary, the results show that similar net annual electricity productions can be attained for parabolic-trough plants with the same collection area using either nitrogen or synthetic oil as heat transfer fluid.

Mario Biencinto; Lourdes Gonzlez; Eduardo Zarza; Luis E. Dez; Javier Muoz-Antn

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Solar: monthly latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh latitude tilt GIS data at 40km resolution for Bangladesh from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude for Bangladesh. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. (Supplemental Information): These data provide monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. The solar resource value is represented as watt-hours per square meter per day for each month. The

142

PERFORMANCE OF AN EXPERIMENTAL SOLAR-DRIVEN ABSORPTION AIR CONDITIONER--ANNUAL REPORT JULY 1975-SEPT. 1976  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar collectors almost certainly reqld res evaporat 1ve coo 1 i ng towers,tower for water- cooling the condenser was an overriding concern in development of a practical solar

Dao, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Solar2010, the 48th AuSES Annual Conference 1-3 December 2010, Canberra, ACT, Australia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The projects involve the storage of the heat produced by concentrating solar energy and the conversion. The thermal storage project Cost-effective thermal storage systems are required for solar thermal energy Solar Thermal Storage and Steam Programs at the CSIRO and ANU R. McNaughton 1 , R. Benito 1 , G Burgess

144

Energy from the Biological Conversion of Solar Energy [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The average efficiency of solar energy conversion on a global scale is estimated as about 0.15%. The energy content of the annual biomass residues in...about one-quarter of the primary energy use in those countries, but only...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A limited assessment and characterization of the solar radiation energy resources in the Caribbean region  

SciTech Connect

The objective of our work was to produce a preliminary assessment and characterization of the Caribbean region (Barbados, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Jamaica, and Panama) solar radiation energy resources. Such information will be used to estimate the performance of, and identify the most promising applications of, solar heat technologies in the Caribbean region. We expect the solar radiation resources in the Caribbean region to be very location specific. Sunny areas will have an annual direct-beam resource of about 3,000 kWhm/sup /minus 2// and a global solar radiation resource of about 2,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2//. Cloud-covered areas will have annual solar radiation resources of about 1,500 kWhm/sup /minus 2/ for both the direct-beam and the global solar radiation. Monthly levels of solar radiaion will vary markedly, ranging from an average of 9 to 3 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the direct-beam and from an average of 7 to 4 kWhm/sup /minus 2//day/sup /minus 1// for the global solar radiation. The Caribbean region is comparable to the Great Plains region of the US, in terms of annual solar radiation resources; however, thorough ''prospecting'' is required to avoid areas having very low amounts of solar radiation.

Hulstrom, R.L.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Data Series: Average Residential Price Residential Price - Local Distribution Companies Residential Price - Marketers Residential % Sold by Local Distribution Companies Average...

147

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 38. Average Consumption and Annual Cost of Natural Gas per Consumer by State, 1967-1989 Table State Residential Commercial...

148

Solar radiation on variously oriented sloping surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Monthly average daily irradiation on surfaces tilted towards the equator and also inclined at various azimuth angles are estimated for two locations in Lesotho and the results are presented. The isotropic model suggested by Liu and Jordan (Trans. of Ashrae, 526, 1962) along with the modified equation of Klein (Solar Energy, 19, 4, 1977) are employed for the estimation purposes. Surface orientations are selected at three inclinations for six different azimuth angles. Conclusions are reached for optimum tilt and orientation for summer, winter and annual collection. Total annual radiation values are computed for all the slopes and orientations.

Gopinathan, K.K. (National Univ. of Lesotho, Roma (South Africa))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

E-Print Network 3.0 - average daily traffic Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Systems 2000. Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic on the California State... Lockout and Non-Lockout Weekdays Average Daily Traffic Volume (vehday) All Cars Trucks...

150

Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development project: Solar radiation research annual report, 1 October 1990--30 September 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the year 1991 research activities and results under the Solar Radiation Research task of the Photovoltaic (PV) Advanced Research and Development project at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This task directly supports the characterization, testing, and design of PV cells modules, and systems. The development of a scientific and engineering understanding of incident (i.e., available to PV devices) solar irradiance and the appropriate instrumentation systems and measurement methods are the activities and results of this project. Activities described in this report include the completion of the Atmospheric Optical Calibration Systems (AOCS) and the comparison of instrumentation systems that collect site-specific measurements of solar irradiance for the purpose of PV system feasibility studies and/or design.

Hulstrom, R.; Cannon, T.; Stoffel, T.; Riordan, C.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Wide-band-gap solar cells with high stabilized performance. Annual subcontract report, July 15, 1994--July 14, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report describes work performed by Pennsylvania State University in collaboration with the NREL Wide-Band-Gap Team. The goal of this team is to develop a single-junction, wide-gap solar cell with good stabilized parameters. The objectives of the subcontract are to (1) develop a cost-effective amorphous silicon PV technology to foster a viable amorphous silicon PV industry in the US, ensuring that this industry remains a world leader in the a-Si technology; (2) help the US a-Si PV industry achieve the US DOE PV Program FY 1995 milestone of 10% stable efficiency commercial thin-film modules; (3) help the US a-Si PV industry achieve 12% stable efficiency multi-junction a-Si:H modules for large-scale utility use by the year 2005. Issues covered in this report include (1) improved understanding of stability in materials and solar cells, (2) intrinsic materials optimization, (3) solar cells optimized for intrinsic layer performance, (4) p-type layer optimization, (5) top cell interfaces, and (6) solar cell grading.

Wronski, C.R.; Collins, R.W.; Fonash, S.J. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Unimodular Gravity and Averaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The question of the averaging of inhomogeneous spacetimes in cosmology is important for the correct interpretation of cosmological data. In this paper we suggest a conceptually simpler approach to averaging in cosmology based on the averaging of scalars within unimodular gravity. As an illustration, we consider the example of an exact spherically symmetric dust model, and show that within this approach averaging introduces correlations (corrections) to the effective dynamical evolution equation in the form of a spatial curvature term.

A. Coley; J. Brannlund; J. Latta

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

153

HFAG Charm Mixing Averages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently the first evidence for charm mixing has been reported by several experiments. To provide averages of these mixing results and other charm results, a new subgroup of the Heavy Flavor Averaging Group has been formed. We here report on the method and results of averaging the charm mixing results.

B. Aa. Petersen

2007-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

154

Latitude Based Model for Tilt Angle Optimization for Solar Collectors in the Mediterranean Region  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper inspects the different parameters that intervene in the determination of the optimal tilt angle for maximum solar energy collection. It proposes a method for calculating the optimal tilt angle based upon the values of the daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface. A computer program using the mathematical model to calculate the solar radiation incident on an inclined surface as a function of the tilt angle is implemented. Four years data of daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface in 35 sites in different countries of the Mediterranean region is used. The program assumes a due south orientation of the collectors and it determines the optimal tilt angle for maximum solar radiation collection for sites in the Mediterranean region. A regression analysis using the results of the computer simulation is conducted to develop a latitude based tilt angle optimization mathematical model for maximum solar radiation collection for the sites. We tested both a linear and a quadratic model (of the form ax2+bx) for representing the relationship between the annual optimal tilt angle and the site's latitude. The quadratic model is better; it provides very high prediction accuracy. 99.87% of the variation in the annual optimal tilt angle is explained by the variability in site's latitude with an average residual angle of only 0.96 for all 35 sites studied. It also gives an average percentage decrease in the annual solar radiation of only 0.016% when compared with actual optimal tilt angles.

Hassane Darhmaoui; Driss Lahjouji

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Wind energy as a solar?driven heat engine: A thermodynamic approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An upper bound on annual average energy in the Earths winds is calculated via the formalism of finite?time thermodynamics. The Earths atmosphere is viewed as the working fluid of a heat engine where the heat input is solar radiation the heat rejection is to the surrounding universe and the work output is the energy in the Earths winds. The upper bound for the annual average power in the Earths winds is found to be 17 W/m2 which can be contrasted with the actual estimated annual average wind power of 7 W/m2. Our thermodynamic model also predicts the average extreme temperatures of the Earths atmosphere and can be applied to wind systems on other planets.

J. M. Gordon; Y. Zarmi

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Potential for Development of Solar and Wind Resource in Bhutan  

SciTech Connect

With support from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) produced maps and data of the wind and solar resources in Bhutan. The solar resource data show that Bhutan has an adequate resource for flat-plate collectors, with annual average values of global horizontal solar radiation ranging from 4.0 to 5.5 kWh/m2-day (4.0 to 5.5 peak sun hours per day). The information provided in this report may be of use to energy planners in Bhutan involved in developing energy policy or planning wind and solar projects, and to energy analysts around the world interested in gaining an understanding of Bhutan's wind and solar energy potential.

Gilman, P.; Cowlin, S.; Heimiller, D.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Arizona) noted results achieved with the Puerto Penasco Solar Desalination Plant, Sonora, Mexico. This plant, operated in cooperation...State Univ., Jniversity Park) 22-25. American Home Economics As-oc., 56th annual, Atlantic City, N.J. (Mrs...

Peter E. Glaser

1965-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

158

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSP Mid-Year FY12 AOP Review On September 10, 2012, in Concentrating Solar Power, Energy, News, Renewable Energy, Solar Sandia held its mid-year FY12 Annual Operating Plan (AOP)...

159

Annual Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Occupational Radiation Exposure Occupational Radiation Exposure Home Welcome What's New Register Dose History Request Data File Submittal REMS Data Selection HSS Logo Annual Reports User Survey on the Annual Report Please take the time to complete a survey on the Annual Report. Your input is important to us! The 2012 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2011 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2010 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2009 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2008 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2007 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2006 Annual Report View or print the annual report in PDF format The 2005 Annual Report

160

Solar Power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Power Solar Power Project Opportunities Abound in the Region The WIPP site is receives abundant solar energy with 6-7 kWh/sq meter power production potential As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the WIPP site enjoys abundant year-round sunshine. With an average solar power production potential of 6-7 kWh/sq meter per day, one exciting project being studied for location at WIPP is a 30-50 MW Solar Power Tower: The American Solar Energy Society (ASES) is is a national trade association promoting solar energy as a clean source of electricity, and provides a comprehensive resource for additional information. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is also a comprehensive resource for more information on renewable energy.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A key review on present status and future directions of solar energy studies and applications in Saudi Arabia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Renewable energy is accepted as a key source for the future, not only for Saudi Arabia, but also for the world. Saudi Arabia has abundant potential for exploiting solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. The average annual solar radiation falling on the Arabian Peninsula is about 2200kWh/m2. Applications of solar energy in Saudi Arabia have been growing since 1960. Solar hydrogen production plant situated at the Solar Village, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, could have been considered as the world's first 350kW solar-powered hydrogen-generation plant at the time of its inception. The development of solar energy, however, has been relatively low due to several obstacles although utilization of solar energy in its various aspects is very attractive for the country. The main objectives of this study are to address current applications and future aspects of solar energy along with studies conducted in this field and to assess them in the light of available sustainable energy technologies towards establishing energy policies. The solar energy-related topics reviewed include various types of solar radiation correlations, exergetic solar radiation, solar collectors, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar stills, solar-powered irrigation, solar energy-related greenhouses, solar hydrogen, solar water desalination and solar energy education. Some barriers, scenarios and constraints are also covered. The utilization of solar energy could cover a significant part of the energy demand in the country. If a major breakthrough is achieved in the field of solar-energy conversion, Saudi Arabia can be a leading producer and exporter of solar energy in the form of electricity. The geographical location of the country, its widespread unused desert land, and year-round clear skies, all make it an excellent candidate for this.

Arif Hepbasli; Zeyad Alsuhaibani

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Annual Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual Reports science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Annual Reports x Strategic Plan Annual Report - 2011 (pdf) Advancing Science for National Security See more Los...

163

E-Print Network 3.0 - annual Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual Report 2008 ... Source: Australian National University, Department of Engineering, Solar Energy Program Collection: Renewable Energy ; Engineering 2 CANCER PROGRAM ANNUAL...

164

,"Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" Selected National Average Natural Gas Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Monthly","11/2013","1/15/1973" ,"Data 2","Annual Average Natural Gas Prices",11,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1922" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","ngm03vmall.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/natural_gas_monthly/ngm.html"

165

Processing and modeling issues for thin-film solar cell devices. Annual subcontract report, January 16, 1994--January 15, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report describes results achieved during the second phase of a four year subcontract to develop and understand thin film solar cell technology related to a-Si and its alloys, CuIn{sub 1{minus}x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2}, and CdTe. Accomplishments during this phase include, development of equations and reaction rates for the formation of CuIn{sub 1{minus}x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} films by selenization, fabrication of a 15% efficient CuIn{sub 1{minus}x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} cell, development of a reproducible, reliable Cu-diffused contact to CdTe, investigation of the role of CdTe-CdS interdiffusion on device operation, investigation of the substitution of HCl for CdCl{sub 2} in the post-deposition heat treatment of CdTe/CdS, demonstration of an improved reactor design for deposition of a-Si films, demonstration of improved process control in the fabrication of a ten set series of runs producing {approximately}8% efficient a-Si devices, demonstration of the utility of a simplified optical model for determining quantity and effect of current generation in each layer of a triple stacked a-Si cell, presentation of analytical and modeling procedures adapted to devices produced with each material system, presentation of baseline parameters for devices produced with each material system, and various investigations of the roles played by other layers in thin film devices including the Mo underlayer, CdS and ZnO in CuIn{sub 1{minus}x}Ga{sub x}Se{sub 2} devices, the CdS in CdTe devices, and the ZnO as window layer and as part of the back surface reflector in a-Si devices. In addition, collaborations with over ten research groups are briefly described. 73 refs., 54 figs., 34 tabs.

Birkmire, R.W.; Phillips, J.E.; Buchanan, W.A.; Hegedus, S.S.; McCandless, B.E.; Shafarman, W.N. [Delaware Univ., Newark, DE (United States). Inst. of Energy Conversion

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Average Commercial Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

167

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

168

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

169

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Gas in Underground Storage Base Gas in Underground Storage Working Gas in Underground Storage Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

170

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History District of Columbia 13.69 13.90 12.99 12.26 12.24 11.19 1980-2012 Florida 13.07 14.45 11.09 10.60 11.14 10.41 1967-2012 Georgia 13.21 14.30 11.70 10.95 10.51 9.74 1967-2012 Maryland 12.30 13.12 10.87 9.87 10.29 10.00 1967-2012 Michigan 10.02 10.66 9.38 8.95 9.14 8.35 1967-2012 New Jersey 12.10 13.38 10.20 10.11 9.51 8.50 1967-2012 New York 11.82 12.86 10.72 10.88 9.32 7.84 1967-2012 Ohio 11.74 12.77 10.42 9.25 8.55 7.11 1967-2012 Pennsylvania 12.77 14.29 11.83 10.47 10.42 10.24 1967-2012 Virginia

171

Average Residential Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

172

Average Residential Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

173

Average Commercial Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Pipeline and Distribution Use Price Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Vehicle Fuel Price Electric Power Price Proved Reserves as of 12/31 Reserves Adjustments Reserves Revision Increases Reserves Revision Decreases Reserves Sales Reserves Acquisitions Reserves Extensions Reserves New Field Discoveries New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields Estimated Production Number of Producing Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross Withdrawals From Shale Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Coalbed Wells Repressuring Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Natural Gas Processed NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent Dry Production Imports By Pipeline LNG Imports Exports Exports By Pipeline LNG Exports Underground Storage Capacity Underground Storage Injections Underground Storage Withdrawals Underground Storage Net Withdrawals LNG Storage Additions LNG Storage Withdrawals LNG Storage Net Withdrawals Total Consumption Lease and Plant Fuel Consumption Lease Fuel Plant Fuel Pipeline & Distribution Use Delivered to Consumers Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power Period: Monthly Annual

174

Evaluation of solar energy resources by establishing empirical models for diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface and analysis for optimum tilt angle for a prospective location in southern region of Sindh, Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Diffuse solar radiation data is very important and is required for solar energy system implementations. The main purpose of the present study is to evaluate solar energy resources by establishing diffuse solar radiation models and obtaining optimum tilt angle fora prospective location is southern region of Sindh, Pakistan. Due to the unavailability of measured diffuse solar radiation data, nine new models, based on available data from local agency and values obtain from existing models, to predict diffuse solar radiation on tilted surface has been established. The best model was chosen based on test results from statistical indicators. The optimum tilt angle for monthly, seasonally, half-yearly and yearly adjustment was determined. The optimum tilt angle varies from 0 in May, June and July to 49 in December. The yearly optimum tilt angle was found as 23, which is close to latitude of investigated location (2507?N). The monthly average total, beam and diffuse solar radiations were calculated for optimum and vertical tilted surfaces and were compared with those obtain for horizontal surfaces. The half-yearly adjustment of optimum tilt angle is recommended for the investigated location because very small difference in annual solar energy gains in comparison with monthly or seasonal adjustment. The total annual energy for completer year and for four seasons of the year was calculated and found that maximum total annual energy is obtained at optimum tilt angle.

Shahnawaz Farhan Khahro; Kavita Tabbassum; Shahnawaz Talpur; Mohammad Bux Alvi; Xiaozhong Liao; Lei Dong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar to someone EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar to someone by E-mail Share EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Facebook Tweet about EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Twitter Bookmark EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Google Bookmark EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Delicious Rank EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on Digg Find More places to share EERE Postdoctoral Research Awards: Solar on AddThis.com... Home Award Information Research Topics Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Solar Water Power How to Apply For Research Mentors Annual Meetings Frequently Asked Questions Contacts Solar Photo of an array of bright blue solar panels. The Solar Program (SP) focuses on developing cost-effective solar energy technologies that have the greatest potential to benefit the nation and the

176

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

177

Insolation data manual and direct normal solar radiation data manual  

SciTech Connect

The Insolation Data Manual presents monthly averaged data which describes the availability of solar radiation at 248 National Weather Service (NWS) stations, principally in the United States. Monthly and annual average daily insolation and temperature values have been computed from a base of 24--25 years of data, generally from 1952--1975, and listed for each location. Insolation values represent monthly average daily totals of global radiation on a horizontal surface and are depicted using the three units of measurement: kJ/m{sup 2} per day, Btu/ft{sup 2} per day and langleys per day. Average daily maximum, minimum and monthly temperatures are provided for most locations in both Celsius and Fahrenheit. Heating and cooling degree-days were computed relative to a base of 18.3 C (65 F). For each station, global {bar K}{sub T} (cloudiness index) values were calculated on a monthly and annual basis. Global {bar K}{sub T} is an index of cloudiness and indicates fractional transmittance of horizontal radiation, from the top of the atmosphere to the earth's surface. The second section of this volume presents long-term monthly and annual averages of direct normal solar radiation for 235 NWS stations, including a discussion of the basic derivation process. This effort is in response to a generally recognized need for reliable direct normal data and the recent availability of 23 years of hourly averages for 235 stations. The relative inaccessibility of these data on microfiche further justifies reproducing at least the long-term averages in a useful format. In addition to a definition of terms and an overview of the ADIPA model, a discussion of model validation results is presented.

none,

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Solar Space Heating with Air and Liquid Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...several thousand solar space heating systems...can be supplied by solar energy delivered from flat-plate...liquid collection and storage systems, demand...Annual costs of solar heating equipment...current values of energy savings, but fuel...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Very Large Array observations of coronal loops and related observations of solar-type stars. Annual scientific report, 1 January-31 December 1984  

SciTech Connect

Observations of solar-active regions with the Very Large Array (V.L.A.) led to a new understanding of the origin and prediction of the solar bursts that disrupt communication systems and interfere with high-flying aircraft. The V.L.A. was used to delineate the temperature and magnetic structure at different heights in coronal loops, and the magnetic field strength was also determined. Much of the visible solar disk was resolved at 20-cm wavelength with 2.6-in. angular resolution. Snapshot maps at intervals of 3 seconds were used to specify changes in the temperature and the magnetic field before and during solar bursts. These snapshot maps were used to investigate the flow of plasma within coronal loops during solar bursts. Postflare loop systems were similarly investigated. These V.L.A. observations provided new information on coronal heating and emerging magnetic loops that may trigger the emission of solar bursts.

Lang, K.R.

1984-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

180

Americans' Average Radiation Exposure  

SciTech Connect

We live with radiation every day. We receive radiation exposures from cosmic rays, from outer space, from radon gas, and from other naturally radioactive elements in the earth. This is called natural background radiation. It includes the radiation we get from plants, animals, and from our own bodies. We also are exposed to man-made sources of radiation, including medical and dental treatments, television sets and emission from coal-fired power plants. Generally, radiation exposures from man-made sources are only a fraction of those received from natural sources. One exception is high exposures used by doctors to treat cancer patients. Each year in the United States, the average dose to people from natural and man-made radiation sources is about 360 millirem. A millirem is an extremely tiny amount of energy absorbed by tissues in the body.

NA

2000-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

NREL GIS Data: Alaska Low Resolution Concentrating Solar Power Resource |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alaska Low Resolution Concentrating Solar Power Resource Alaska Low Resolution Concentrating Solar Power Resource Dataset Summary Description Abstract: Monthly and annual average solar resource potential for Alaska. Purpose: Provide information on the solar resource potential for Alaska. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. Supplemental_Information: This data provides monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximatley 40 km by 40 km in size. This data was developed from the Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. The CSR model was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy. Specific information about this model can be found in Maxwell, George and Wilcox (1998) and George and Maxwell (1999). This model uses information on cloud cover, atmostpheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. The cloud cover data used as input to the CSR model are an 7-year histogram (1985-1991) of monthly average cloud fraction provided for grid cells of approximately 40km x 40km in size. Thus, the spatial resolution of the CSR model output is defined by this database. The data are obtained from the National Climatic Data Center in Ashville, North Carolina, and were developed from the U.S. Air Force Real Time Nephanalysis (RTNEPH) program. Atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and aerosols are derived from a variety of sources. The procedures for converting the collector at latitude tilt are described in Marion and Wilcox (1994). Where possible, existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data. Nevertheless, there is uncertainty associated with the meterological input to the model, since some of the input parameters are not avalible at a 40km resolution. As a result, it is believed that the modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell. Due to terrain effects and other micoclimate influences, the local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain. Units are in watt hours.

182

NREL GIS Data: Hawaii Low Resolution Concentrating Solar Power Resource |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low Resolution Concentrating Solar Power Resource Low Resolution Concentrating Solar Power Resource Dataset Summary Description Abstract: Monthly and annual average solar resource potential for Hawaii. Purpose: Provide information on the solar resource potential for Hawaii. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. Supplemental_Information: This data provides monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximately 40 km by 40 km in size. This data was developed from the Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. The CSR model was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy. Specific information about this model can be found in Maxwell, George and Wilcox (1998) and George and Maxwell (1999). This model uses information on cloud cover, atmostpheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. The cloud cover data used as input to the CSR model are an 7-year histogram (1985-1991) of monthly average cloud fraction provided for grid cells of approximately 40km x 40km in size. Thus, the spatial resolution of the CSR model output is defined by this database. The data are obtained from the National Climatic Data Center in Ashville, North Carolina, and were developed from the U.S. Air Force Real Time Nephanalysis (RTNEPH) program. Atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and aerosols are derived from a variety of sources. The procedures for converting the collector at latitude tilt are described in Marion and Wilcox (1994). Where possible, existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data. Nevertheless, there is uncertainty associated with the meterological input to the model, since some of the input parameters are not avalible at a 40km resolution. As a result, it is believed that the modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell. Due to terrain effects and other micoclimate influences, the local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

183

Solar Radiation Estimated Through Mesoscale Atmospheric Modeling over Northeast Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of renewable energy sources like solar wind and biomass is rapidly increasing in recent years with solar radiation as a particularly abundant energy source over Northeast Brazil. A proper quantitative knowledge of the incoming solar radiation is of great importance for energy planning in Brazil serving as basis for developing future projects of photovoltaic power plants and solar energy exploitation. This work presents a methodology for mapping the incoming solar radiation at ground level for Northeast Brazil using a mesoscale atmospheric model (Regional Atmospheric Modeling SystemRAMS) calibrated and validated using data from the network of automatic surface stations from the State Foundation for Meteorology and Water Resources from Cear (Fundao Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hdricos? FUNCEME). The results showed that the model exhibits systematic errors overestimating surface radiation but that after the proper statistical corrections using a relationship between the model?predicted cloud fraction the ground?level observed solar radiation and the incoming solar radiation estimated at the top of the atmosphere a correlation of 0.92 with a confidence interval of 13.5? W / m 2 is found for monthly data. Using this methodology we found an estimate for annual average incoming solar radiation over Cear of 215? W / m 2 (maximum in October: 260? W / m 2 ).

Otacilio Leandro de Menezes Neto; Alexandre Arajo Costa; Fernando Pinto Ramalho; Paulo Henrique Santiago de Maria

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

The optimum tilt angle for flat-plate solar collectors in Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims at determining the optimum tilt angle for south facing flat-plate solar collectors in Iran. Solar radiation on a horizontal surface was estimated by applying an empirical method and employing meteorological data from 80 selected cities. A mathematical model was used for estimating the solar radiation at different tilt angles. Daily monthly seasonally bi-annually and yearly optimum tilt angles and solar radiations were determined for 80 selected cities. Recommendations were made on the optimum tilt angle adjustment for different places in the country in order to benefit the best solar radiation available. The averaged benefits of annual solar radiation for 80 cities were 21.3% for daily 21% for monthly 19.6% for seasonal 19.3% for bi-annual and 13.3% for yearly adjustments compared with the radiation on the horizontal collector. Based on these results adjusting tilt angles at least twice a year is recommended. Optimum tilt angles for cloudy sky cities with a low clearness index are lower than those for cities at the same latitude angle having a higher clearness index. In addition to latitude angle the climate conditions are also important for determining the optimum tilt angle.

Farzad Jafarkazemi; S. Ali Saadabadi; Hadi Pasdarshahri

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Occurrence of high-speed solar wind streams over the Grand Modern Maximum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the declining phase of the solar cycle, when the new-polarity fields of the solar poles are strengthened by the transport of same-signed magnetic flux from lower latitudes, the polar coronal holes expand and form non-axisymmetric extensions toward the solar equator. These extensions enhance the occurrence of high-speed solar wind streams (HSS) and related co-rotating interaction regions in the low-latitude heliosphere, and cause moderate, recurrent geomagnetic activity in the near-Earth space. Here, using a novel definition of geomagnetic activity at high (polar cap) latitudes and the longest record of magnetic observations at a polar cap station, we calculate the annually averaged solar wind speeds as proxies for the effective annual occurrence of HSS over the whole Grand Modern Maximum (GMM) from 1920s onwards. We find that a period of high annual speeds (frequent occurrence of HSS) occurs in the declining phase of each solar cycle 16-23. For most cycles the HSS activity clearly maximizes during one year...

Mursula, Kalevi; Holappa, Lauri

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Postdoctoral Research Awards Annual Research Meeting: Sarah Cowan...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Postdoctoral Research Awards Annual Meeting Posters Development of a Low Cost Ultra Specular Advanced Polymer Film Solar Reflector Nano-structures Thermoelectric Materals - Part 2...

187

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Energy Information Administration Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 2 1. Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-2000...

188

LI, W. K. W. Annual average abundance of heterotrophic bacteria ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ern Indian Ocean: The southwest and northeast monsoon, .... Data for Synechococcus in the Indian ... ly for 6 yr over the deepest point of the basin (Li et al.

189

United States Wind Resource Map: Annual Average Wind Speed at...  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

5.5 5.0 4.5 4.0 < 4.0 Source: Wind resource estimates developed by AWS Truepower, LLC. Web: http:www.awstruepower.com. Map developed by NREL. Spatial resolution of wind...

190

United States Wind Resource Map: Annual Average Wind Speed at...  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

4.0 Source: Wind resource estimates developed by AWS Truepower, LLC for windNavigator . Web: http:www.windnavigator.com | http:www.awstruepower.com. Spatial resolution of wind...

191

Renewable energy annual 1996  

SciTech Connect

This report presents summary data on renewable energy consumption, the status of each of the primary renewable technologies, a profile of each of the associated industries, an analysis of topical issues related to renewable energy, and information on renewable energy projects worldwide. It is the second in a series of annual reports on renewable energy. The renewable energy resources included in the report are biomass (wood and ethanol); municipal solid waste, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas; geothermal; wind; and solar energy, including solar thermal and photovoltaic. The report also includes various appendices and a glossary.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Promise of Solar: Variables to Consider When Evaluating the Use of Solar (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation on solar technologies and sustainability was given at the 17th Annual Rocky Mountain Land-Use Institute (RMLUI) Land-Use Conference.

Carlisle, N.

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film amorphous silicon solar cells: Annual subcontract report, May 1985 - Jul 1986  

SciTech Connect

A study was undertaken of the optoelectronic properties of amorphous silicon-hydrogen thin films deposited from disilane at high deposition rates. The information derived from this study was used to fabricate amorphous silicon solar cells with efficiencies exceeding 7%. The intrinsic layer of these solar cells was deposited at 15 angstroms/second. Material properties investigated included dark conductivity, photoconductivity, minority carrier diffusion length, and density of states. The solar cells properties characterized were absolute quantum yield and simulated global AM 1.5 efficiencies. Investigations were undertaken utilizing optical and infrared spectroscopy to optimize the microstructures of the intrinsic amorphous silicon. That work was sponsored by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. The information was used to optimize the intrinsic layer of amorphous silicon solar cells, resulting in AM 1.5 efficiencies exceeding 7%.

Wiesmann, H.; Dolan, J.; Fricano, G.; Danginis, V.

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Solar Hydrogen Production with a Metal Oxide-Based Thermochemical Cycle - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Anthony McDaniel (Primary Contact), Ivan Ermanoski Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) MS9052 PO Box 969 Livermore, CA 94550 Phone: (925) 294-1440 Email: amcdani@sandia.gov DOE Manager HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Subcontractors: * Nathan Siegel, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA. * Alan Weimer, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO. Project Start Date: October 1, 2008 Project End Date: Project continuation and direction determined annually by DOE Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Discover and characterize suitable materials for two- *

195

Solar energy resource assessment in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The development of renewable energy has increased over the past few years due to the high cost of fossil fuels and our great dependence on them. Solar energy has been evaluated in the majority of developed countries. Mexico is known to possess large quantities of renewable energy resources, for example, approximately 6000MW of wind energy resources. Nevertheless, solar energy is not sufficiently developed in Mexico. In this work, the global solar resources in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico were assessed. The data used in the analysis were obtained from the Automatic Meteorological Stations (AMEs) of the National Meteorological Service of Mexico (NMS) every 10min over a period of 10 years, as well as from the Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy (SMSE) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) every month over 22 years. \\{AMEs\\} and SMSE validation data were compared to calculate their determination coefficient, R2, which was above 90%. A total of 13 maps generated by a Geographic Information System (GIS), one per month, and annually averaged global solar resources were used to determine the areas and the periods of the year with the greatest global solar energy resources. According to the results obtained in this study, the highest amount of solar energy, i.e., greater than 6.22kWh/m2/day, was registered on July in the state of Tamaulipas. Based on the average annual energy map, the southern region of Veracruz State registered the largest resource, i.e., greater than 5.03kWh/m2/day. From the foregoing analysis, the primary conclusion arrived at in the present work is that solar energy has significant potential for complementing energetic requirements in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico. It is recommended that the government adopt policies supporting and promoting the utilization of solar energy to maintain fossil fuel reserves and to reduce greenhouse gases.

Q. Hernndez-Escobedo; E. Rodrguez-Garca; R. Saldaa-Flores; A. Fernndez-Garca; F. Manzano-Agugliaro

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Seattle, Washington: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

planning-a fact proven by the successful deployment and integration of solar energy in Germany (which receives less sun, on average, than Seattle). To tackle these barriers,...

197

Viscosity-average molecular weight  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

n .... An averaged molecular weight for high polymers that relates most closely to measurements of dilute-solution viscosities ...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Solar-Thermal ALD Ferrite-Based Water Splitting Cycle - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Alan W. Weimer (Primary Contact), Darwin Arifin, Xinhua Liang, Victoria Aston and Paul Lichty University of Colorado Campus Box 596 Boulder, CO 80309-0596 Phone: (303) 492-3759 Email: alan.weimer@colorado.edu DOE Manager HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FC36-05GO15044 Project Start Date: March 31, 2005 Project End Date: Project continuation and direction determined annually by DOE Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Demonstrate the "hercynite cycle" feasibility for * carrying out redox. Initiate design, synthesis and testing of a nanostructured * active material for fast kinetics and transport.

199

Development of a low-cost black-liquid solar collector, Phase II. Second semi-annual report, March 1, 1980-August 31, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Battelle's Columbus Laboratories (BCL) is continuing its research effort to develop an efficient, low-temperature, low-cost, flat-plate black-liquid solar collector. The research efforts during this second 6-month period of Phase II have been directed toward (1) evaluating the long-term durability of various plastic materials and solar collector designs, (2) obtaining sufficient outdoor performance data to design a full-scale demonstration of a black-liquid solar collector for a commercial application, (3) working closely with a company willing to commercialize black liquid plastic collectors, and (4) incorporating improved black liquids with the identified plastic collector designs. Besides conducting indoor weathering tests of various plastic materials, two outdoor automated test facilities have been operated. One unit has been in use since February 1980 at Battelle in Columbus, Ohio, and the other unit began operation in May 1980 at Ramada Energy Systems, Inc., a collector manufacturing company near Phoenix, Arizona. Since Ramada Energy Systems has been working with extruded polycarbonate panels, Battelle has been working to date with extruded acrylic panel designs. Other potential plastics for solar collectors are being evaluated by exposure testing.

Landstrom, D.K.; Talbert, S.G.; McGinniss, V.D.

1980-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

200

Incident Invasive Breast Cancer, Geographic Location of Residence, and Reported Average Time Spent Outside  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...areas of low versus high solar irradiance measured in...residence and geographic solar irradiance are not consistently...total average sunlight energy striking the ground...foods and supplements (energy adjusted IU/d). Some...low compared with high solar irradiance (comparing...

Amy E. Millen; Mary Pettinger; Jo L. Freudenheim; Robert D. Langer; Carol A. Rosenberg; Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani; Christine M. Duffy; Dorothy S. Lane; Anne McTiernan; Lewis H. Kuller; Ana Maria Lopez; and Jean Wactawski-Wende

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Investigation of the basic physics of high efficiency semiconductor hot carrier solar cell. Annual status report, 31 May 1994-30 May 1995  

SciTech Connect

The main purpose of this research program is to investigate potential semiconductor materials and their multi-band-gap MQW (multiple quantum wells) structures for high efficiency solar cells for aerospace and commercial applications. The absorption and PL (photoluminescence) spectra, the carrier dynamics, and band structures have been investigated for semiconductors of InP, GaP, GaInP, and InGaAsP/InP MQW structures, and for semiconductors of GaAs and AlGaAs by previous measurements. The barrier potential design criteria for achieving maximum energy conversion efficiency, and the resonant tunneling time as a function of barrier width in high efficiency MQW solar cell structures have also been investigated in the first two years. Based on previous carrier dynamics measurements and the time-dependent short circuit current density calculations, an InAs/InGaAs - InGaAs/GaAs - GaAs/AlGaAs MQW solar cell structure with 15 bandgaps has been designed. The absorption and PL spectra in InGaAsP/InP bulk and MQW structures were measured at room temperature and 77 K with different pump wavelength and intensity, to search for resonant states that may affect the solar cell activities. Time-resolved IR absorption for InGaAsP/InP bulk and MQW structures has been measured by femtosecond visible-pump and IR-probe absorption spectroscopy. This, with the absorption and PL measurements, will be helpful to understand the basic physics and device performance in multi-bandgap InAs/InGaAs - InGaAs/InP - InP/InGaP MQW solar cells. In particular, the lifetime of the photoexcited hot electrons is an important parameter for the device operation of InGaAsP/InP MQW solar cells working in the resonant tunneling conditions. Lastly, time evolution of the hot electron relaxation in GaAs has been measured in the temperature range of 4 K through 288 K using femtosecond pump-IR-probe absorption technique.

Alfano, R.R.; Wang, W.B.; Mohaidat, J.M.; Cavicchia, M.A.; Raisky, O.Y.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Linda M. Abriola Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the top 10 emerging technologies by MIT Technology Review. #12;1 School of Engineering 2010 Annual of the Engineering Board of Overseers, will enable the SOE to significantly strengthen efforts to prepare national Solar Decathlon competition. It was another record year for admissions, with undergraduate

Tufts University

203

Solar Circuitry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Circuitry" with the Solar Powered Energy Kit Curriculum: Solar Power- (lightelectromagnetic radiation, electricity, circuitry, efficiency, energy transformation, subatomic...

204

Passive solar heating and analysis  

SciTech Connect

Passive solar heating experience and analysis techniques are reviewed with emphasis on annual auxiliary heat requirement. The role of analysis in the design of passive solar buildings is discussed. Selected results for existing systems are presented for locations in Saudi Arabia and climatically similar locations in the US. Advanced systems in the research stage are described.

Jones, R.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Preparation and properties of high-deposition-rate a-Si:H films and solar cells using disilane: Annual subcontract report, 1 May 1987--30 April 1988  

SciTech Connect

This report contains results of the first year of research on producing p-i-n amorphous silicon solar cells with the intrinsic layer deposited from higher order silanes at deposition rates of 1 nm/s or more. The research was divided into three major areas: diagnostic studies of monosilane and disilane RF discharges using optical emission spectroscopy and mass spectrometry to assist in optimizing discharge conditions and gas-phase processes; parametric studies of material properties of 1-layers prepared form disilane as a function of deposition rate and other process parameters; and parametric studies of p-i-n devices with the i-layer prepared from disilane at various deposition rates. The focus during the first year was to fabricate a p-i-n solar cell with 9/percent/ AM1.5 efficiency over an area greater than 0.08 cm/sup 2/ with the i-layer deposited at 1 nm/s or more. Material properties such as the dark and AM1.5 light conductivities, optical band gap, and conductivity activation energy showed a weak dependence on deposition rate. The performance characteristics of unoptimized p-i-n solar cells with i-layers prepared from disilane were independent of the deposition rate of the i-layer. A p-i-n device was prepared at a rate close to 1 nm/s with an AM1.5 efficiency of 9/percent/. 20 refs, 26 figs, 2 tabs.

Bhat, P.K.; Chatham, H.; Madan, A.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Averaging Hypotheses in Newtonian Cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Average properties of general inhomogeneous cosmological models are discussed in the Newtonian framework. It is shown under which circumstances the average flow reduces to a member of the standard Friedmann--Lema\\^\\i tre cosmologies. Possible choices of global boundary conditions of inhomogeneous cosmologies as well as consequences for the interpretation of cosmological parameters are put into perspective.

T. Buchert

1995-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

207

Solar energy: Radiation nation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Australia receives more solar radiation per square metre, on average, than any other continent. Although turning this ... to make use of its heat. We spoke to Australian proponents of two very different solar-thermal systems, both rather confusingly known as ...

Carina Dennis

2006-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

208

Annual Meeting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...WH): The Sun's energy, solar magnetic fields, magnetic...WH): Fission, fusion, solar, the transition. Frank J...Gujerat, Uttar Pradesh, Tanzania. Irene Tinker, Norman L...resource management, Somalia, -Tanzania, industrialization and rural...

Richard Berendzen

1981-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

209

Energy collection efficiency of holographic planar solar concentrators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the energy collection properties of holographic planar concentrator systems. The effects of solar variation on daily and annual energy collection are evaluated. Hologram...

Castro, Jose M; Zhang, Deming; Myer, Brian; Kostuk, Raymond K

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Why did the solar power sector develop quickly in Japan? .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The solar power sector grew quickly in Japan during the decade 1994 to 2003. During this period, annual installations increased 32-fold from 7MW in 1994 (more)

Rogol, Michael G

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Solar High-Temperature Water Splitting Cycle with Quantum Boost - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Robin Taylor (Primary Contact), Roger Davenport, David Genders 1 , Peter Symons 1 , Lloyd Brown 2 , Jan Talbot 3 , Richard Herz 3 Science Applications International, Corp. (SAIC) 10210 Campus Point Drive San Diego, CA 92121 Phone: (858) 826-9124 Email: taylorro@saic.com 1 Electrosynthesis Co., Inc. (ESC) 2 Thermochemical Engineering Solutions (TCHEME) 3 University of California, San Diego (UCSD) DOE Managers HQ: Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-7925 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov GO: Katie Randolph Phone: (720) 356-1759 Email: Katie.Randolph@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FG36-07GO17002 Subcontractors: * Electrosynthesis Co., Inc., Lancaster, NY * Thermochemical Engineering Solutions, San Diego, CA

212

High-resolution maps of solar collector performance using a climatological solar radiation model  

SciTech Connect

This paper will present a new methodology for producing estimates of the monthly and annual average performance of different types of flat-plate and concentrating solar collectors. The estimates are made on a uniform spatial grid with 40 km resolution. These estimates should be highly useful both to create maps to facilitate visualization of the solar resource, and as the basic data behind analytical studies of solar resources, deployment scenarios, CO{sub 2} mitigation strategies, and economic assessments. Their initial use of this methodology will be in the continental United States, where supporting data is available to evaluate the model outputs. In future years the authors hope to utilize this technique world-wide, especially in areas where the surface data are lacking. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL, Golden, CO) has developed the Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) model to estimate climatological averages of daily-total solar radiation at a 40 km spatial resolution. The CSR model is operational and has been usefully applied to the US as well as several international areas. The model uses, as input, monthly climatological mean values of cloud cover, precipitable water vapor, aerosol optical depth, surface albedo, and total column ozone. These input parameters are available from various sources such as NASA and NCDC (National Climatic Data Center). The outputs from the original version of CSR are monthly mean daily total values of Global Horizontal, Direct Normal, and Diffuse radiation. Their latest revision of the model allows them to calculate the monthly mean output for the various collector types such as tilted flat-plate surfaces, one- and two-axis flat-plate collectors, and concentrating collectors.

George, R.L.; Maxwell, E.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Transpired Solar Collector at NREL's Waste Handling Facility Uses Solar Energy to Heat Ventilation Air (Fact Sheet) (Revised), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights Highlights System Size 300 ft 2 transpired solar collector Energy Production About 125 Btu/hr/ft 2 (400 W/m 2 ) of heat delivery under ideal conditions (full sun) Installation Date 1990 Motivation Provide solar-heated ventilation air to offset some of the heating with conventional electric resistance heaters Annual Savings 14,310 kWh (49 million Btu/yr) or about 26% of the energy required to heat the facility's ventilation air System Details Components Black, 300 ft 2 corrugated aluminum transpired solar collector with a porosity of 2%; bypass damper; two-speed 3000 CFM vane axial supply fan; electric duct heater; thermostat controller Storage None Loads 188 million Btu/year (55,038 kWh/year) winter average to heat 1,300 ft 2 Waste Handling Facility

214

Transpired Solar Collector at NREL's Waste Handling Facility Uses Solar Energy to Heat Ventilation Air (Fact Sheet) (Revised), Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Highlights Highlights System Size 300 ft 2 transpired solar collector Energy Production About 125 Btu/hr/ft 2 (400 W/m 2 ) of heat delivery under ideal conditions (full sun) Installation Date 1990 Motivation Provide solar-heated ventilation air to offset some of the heating with conventional electric resistance heaters Annual Savings 14,310 kWh (49 million Btu/yr) or about 26% of the energy required to heat the facility's ventilation air System Details Components Black, 300 ft 2 corrugated aluminum transpired solar collector with a porosity of 2%; bypass damper; two-speed 3000 CFM vane axial supply fan; electric duct heater; thermostat controller Storage None Loads 188 million Btu/year (55,038 kWh/year) winter average to heat 1,300 ft 2 Waste Handling Facility

215

Annual Energy Outlook | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Annual Energy Outlook Annual Energy Outlook Dataset Summary Description Supplemental Table 147 of EIA AEO 2011 Early Release Source EIA Date Released December 08th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords AEO Annual Energy Outlook barrel btu conversion EIA energy Energy Information Administration kWh TEF transportation Transportation Energy Futures Data text/csv icon Conversion_Factors.csv (csv, 153.2 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote

216

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Sales Price of U.S. Coal by State and Disposition, 2012 (dollars per short ton) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Table 33. Average Sales...

217

Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Esmeralda Sánchez The Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting has produced an annual evaluation of the accuracy of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) since 1996. Each year, the forecast evaluation expands on the prior year by adding the projections from the most recent AEO and the most recent historical year of data. The Forecast Evaluation examines the accuracy of AEO forecasts dating back to AEO82 by calculating the average absolute forecast errors for each of the major variables for AEO82 through AEO2003. The average absolute forecast error, which for the purpose of this report will also be referred to simply as "average error" or "forecast error", is computed as the simple mean, or average, of all the absolute values of the percent errors,

218

Optimal design of a hybrid solarwind-battery system using the minimization of the annualized cost system and the minimization of the loss of power supply probability (LPSP)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potou is an isolated site, located in the northern coast of Senegal. The populations living in this area have no easy access to electricity supply. The use of renewable energies can contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of these populations. The methodology used in this paper consists in Sizing a hybrid solarwind-battery system optimized through multi-objective genetic algorithm for this site and the influence of the load profiles on the optimal configuration. The two principal aims are: the minimization of the annualized cost system and the minimization of the loss of power supply probability (LPSP). To study the load profile influence, three load profiles with the same energy (94kWh/day) have been used. The achieved results show that the cost of the optimal configuration strongly depends on the load profile. For example, the cost of the optimal configuration decreases by 7% and 5% going from profile 1 to 2 and for those ones going from 1 to 3.

B. Ould Bilal; V. Sambou; P.A. Ndiaye; C.M.F. Kb; M. Ndongo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Development of an In-Line Minority-Carrier Lifetime Monitoring Tool for Process Control during Fabrication of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells: Annual Subcontract Report, June 2003 (Revised)  

SciTech Connect

Under the PV Manufacturing R&D subcontract''Development of an In-Line, Minority-Carrier Lifetime Monitoring Tool for Process Control during Fabrication of Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells'', Sinton Consulting developed prototypes for several new instruments for use in the manufacture of silicon solar cells. These instruments are based on two families of R&D instruments that were previously available, an illumination vs. open-circuit-voltage technique and the quasi-steady state RF photoconductance technique for measuring minority-carrier lifetime. Compared to the previous instruments, the new prototypes are about 20 times faster per measurement, and have automated data analysis that does not require user intervention even when confronted by challenging cases. For example, un-passivated multi-crystalline wafers with large variations in lifetime and trapping behavior can be measured sequentially without error. Five instruments have been prototyped in this project to date, including a block tester for evaluating cast or HEM silicon blocks, a CZ ingot tester, an FZ boule tester for use with long-lifetime silicon, and an in-line sample head for measuring wafers. The CZ ingot tester and the FZ boule tester are already being used within industry and there is interest in the other prototypes. For each instrument, substantial R&D work was required in developing the device physics and analysis as well as for the hardware. This work has been documented in a series of application notes and conference publications, and will result in significant improvements for both the R&D and the industrial types of instruments.

Sinton, R. A.

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

NREL GIS Data: Alaska Low Resolution Photovoltaic Solar Resource | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8 8 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278078 Varnish cache server NREL GIS Data: Alaska Low Resolution Photovoltaic Solar Resource Dataset Summary Description Abstract: Monthly and annual average solar resource potential for Alaska. Purpose: Provide information on the solar resource potential for Alaska. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. Supplemental_Information: This data provides monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of approximatley 40 km by 40 km in size. This data was developed from the Climatological Solar Radiation (CSR) Model. The CSR model was developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy. Specific information about this model can be found in Maxwell, George and Wilcox (1998) and George and Maxwell (1999). This model uses information on cloud cover, atmostpheric water vapor and trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the monthly average daily total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. The cloud cover data used as input to the CSR model are an 7-year histogram (1985-1991) of monthly average cloud fraction provided for grid cells of approximately 40km x 40km in size. Thus, the spatial resolution of the CSR model output is defined by this database. The data are obtained from the National Climatic Data Center in Ashville, North Carolina, and were developed from the U.S. Air Force Real Time Nephanalysis (RTNEPH) program. Atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and aerosols are derived from a variety of sources. The procedures for converting the collector at latitude tilt are described in Marion and Wilcox (1994). Where possible, existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data. Nevertheless, there is uncertainty associated with the meterological input to the model, since some of the input parameters are not avalible at a 40km resolution. As a result, it is believed that the modeled values are accurate to approximately 10% of a true measured value within the grid cell. Due to terrain effects and other micoclimate influences, the local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

222

Some Recent Research on Solar Energy Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mexico is located in the Earths sunbelt, where solar energy is plentiful for potential applications of solar energy conversion systems. According to several estimations (Renn et al. 2000...), the average insola...

Camilo A Arancibia-Bulnes; Antonio E Jimnez; Oscar A Jaramillo

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Shared Solar Projects Powering Households Throughout America...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

with enough rooftop space, the proper roof tilt, and just the right orientation to the Sun had the option to power their homes with solar. The average cost of solar panels has...

224

West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) Crude Oil (dollars per barrel) West Texas Intermediate Spot Average ............................ 102.88 93.42 92.24 87.96 94.34 94.10 105.84 96.30 95.67 95.33 95.67 93.33 94.12 97.64 95.00 Brent Spot Average ........................................................... 118.49 108.42 109.61 110.09 112.49 102.58 110.27 108.29 106.33 105.00 103.00 102.00 111.65 108.41 104.08 Imported Average .............................................................. 108.14 101.18 97.18 97.64 98.71 97.39 103.07 100.03 99.64 99.33 99.69 97.35 101.09 99.85 99.04 Refiner Average Acquisition Cost ...................................... 107.61 101.44 97.38 97.27 101.14 99.45 105.24 100.44 100.15 99.82 100.18 97.83 100.83 101.61 99.50 Liquid Fuels (cents per gallon) Refiner Prices for Resale Gasoline .........................................................................

225

Research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film amorphous silicon solar cells: Phase II annual subcontract report, 1 January 1985--31 January 1986  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of the second phase of research on high-efficiency, single-junction, monolithic, thin-film a-Si solar cells. Five glow-discharge deposition systems, including a new in-line, multichamber system, were used to grow both doped and undoped a-Si:H. A large number of silane and disilane gas cylinders were analyzed with a gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy system. Strong correlations were found between the breakdown voltage, the deposition rate, the diffusion length, and the conversion efficiency for varying cathode-anode separations in a DC glow-discharge deposition mode. Tin oxide films were grown by chemical vapor deposition with either tetramethyl tin (TMT) or tin tetrachloride (TTC). The best were grown with TMT, but TTC films had a more controlled texture for light trapping and provided a better contact to the p-layer. The best results were obtained with 7059 glass substrates. Efficiencies as high as 10.86% were obtained in p-i-n cells with superlattice p-layers and as high as 10.74% in cells with both superlattice p- and n-layers. Measurements showed that the boron-doping level in the p-layer can strongly affect transport in the i-layer, which can be minimized by reactive flushing before i-layer deposition. Stability of a-Si:H cells is improved by light doping. 51 refs., 64 figs., 21 tabs.

Carlson, D.E.; Ayra, R.R.; Bennett, M.S.; Catalano, A.; D'Aiello, R.V.; Dickson, C.R.; McVeigh, J.; Newton, J.; O'Dowd, J.; Oswald, R.S.; Rajan, K.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Solar Chemical Peculiarities?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several investigations of FGK stars in the solar neighborhood have suggested that thin-disk stars with an iron abundance similar to the Sun appear to show higher abundances of other elements, such as silicon, titanium, or nickel. Offsets could arise if the samples contain stars with ages, mean galactocentric distances, or kinematics, that differ on average from the solar values. They could also arise due to systematic errors in the abundance determinations, if the samples contain stars that are different from the Sun regarding their atmospheric parameters. We re-examine this issue by studying a sample of 80 nearby stars with solar-like colors and luminosities. Among these solar "analogs", the objects with solar iron abundances exhibit solar abundances of carbon, silicon, calcium, titanium and nickel.

Carlos Allende Prieto

2006-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

227

The Added Economic and Environmental Value of Solar Thermal Systems in Microgrids with Combined Heat and Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar thermal and heat storage on CO 2 emissions and annual energyenergy costs, heat storage does not directly support solar thermal /energy costs. This paper focuses on analysis of the optimal interaction of solar thermal

Marnay, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters May 29, 2012 - 6:03pm Addthis An example of a solar pool heater. An example of a solar pool heater. You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by installing a solar pool heater. They're cost competitive with both gas and heat pump pool heaters, and they have very low annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is the most cost-effective use of solar energy in many climates. How They Work Most solar pool heating systems include the following: A solar collector -- the device through which pool water is circulated to be heated by the sun A filter -- removes debris before water is pumped through the collector A pump -- circulates water through the filter and collector and back to the pool

229

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

230

NREL GIS Data: Hawaii High Resolution Concentrating Solar Power | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar Power Dataset Summary Description Abstract - Monthly and annual average solar resource potential for the state of Hawaii. Purpose - Provide information on the solar resource potential for the state of Hawaii. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a concentrating collector on a 2-axis tracker, such as a dish or a power tower. Supplemental Info - This data provides monthly average and annual average daily total solar resource averaged over surface cells of 0.1 degrees in both latitude and longitude, or about 10 km in size. This data was developed using the State University of New York/Albany satellite radiation model. This model was developed by Dr. Richard Perez and collaborators at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and other universities for the U.S. Department of Energy. Specific information about this model can be found in Perez, et al. (2002). This model uses hourly radiance images from geostationary weather satellites, daily snow cover data, and monthly averages of atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere to calculate the hourly total insolation (sun and sky) falling on a horizontal surface. Atmospheric water vapor, trace gases, and aerosols are derived from a variety of sources. A modified Bird model is used to calculate clear sky direct normal (DNI). This is then adjusted as a function of the ratio of clear sky global horizontal (GHI) and the model predicted GHI. Where possible, existing ground measurement stations are used to validate the data. Nevertheless, there is uncertainty associated with the meterological input to the model, since some of the input parameters are not avalable at a 10km resolution. As a result, it is believed that the modeled values are accurate to approximately 15% of a true measured value within the grid cell. Due to terrain effects and other microclimate influences, the local cloud cover can vary significantly even within a single grid cell. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the modeled estimates increase with distance from reliable measurement sources and with the complexity of the terrain.

231

Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

by Esmeralda Sanchez by Esmeralda Sanchez Errata -(7/14/04) The Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting has produced an annual evaluation of the accuracy of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) since 1996. Each year, the forecast evaluation expands on the prior year by adding the projections from the most recent AEO and the most recent historical year of data. The Forecast Evaluation examines the accuracy of AEO forecasts dating back to AEO82 by calculating the average absolute forecast errors for each of the major variables for AEO82 through AEO2003. The average absolute forecast error, which for the purpose of this report will also be referred to simply as "average error" or "forecast error", is computed as the simple mean, or average, of all the absolute values of the percent errors, expressed as the percentage difference between the Reference Case projection and actual historic value, shown for every AEO and for each year in the forecast horizon (for a given variable). The historical data are typically taken from the Annual Energy Review (AER). The last column of Table 1 provides a summary of the most recent average absolute forecast errors. The calculation of the forecast error is shown in more detail in Tables 2 through 18. Because data for coal prices to electric generating plants were not available from the AER, data from the Monthly Energy Review (MER), July 2003 were used.

232

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

4 Energy Information Administration Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 27. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers by State, 1995-2000...

233

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1 Energy Information Administration Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 26. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers by State, 1967-1994...

234

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 31. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Industrial Consumers by State, 1967-1992 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

235

C:\\ANNUAL\\Vol2chps.v8\\ANNUAL2.VP  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Annual 1930 Through 2000 35. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities by State, 1967-2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Alabama...

236

Annual Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09 09 THROUGH 09/30/2010 The following Annual Freedom of Information Act report covers the Period 10/01/2009, through 09/30/2010, as required by 5 U.S.C. 552. I. BASIC INFORMATION REGARDING REPORT 1. Kevin T. Hagerty, Director Office of Information Resources, MA-90 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 202-586-5955 Alexander Morris, FOIA Officer Sheila Jeter, FOIA/Privacy Act Specialist FOIA Office, MA-90 Office of Information Resources U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 202-586-5955 2. An electronic copy of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) report can be obtained at http://management.energy.gov/documents/annual_reports.htm. The report can then be accessed by clicking FOIA Annual Reports.

237

Impact of a solar domestic hot water demand-side management program on an electric utility and its customers  

SciTech Connect

A methodology to assess the economic and environmental impacts of a large scale implementation of solar domestic hot water (SDHW) systems is developed. Energy, emission and demand reductions and their respective savings are quantified. It is shown that, on average, an SDHW system provides an energy reduction of about 3200 kWH, avoided emissions of about 2 tons and a capacity contribution of 0.7 kW to a typical Wisconsin utility that installs 5000 SDHW system. The annual savings from these reductions to utility is {dollar_sign}385,000, providing a return on an investment of over 20{percent}. It is shown that, on average, a consumer will save {dollar_sign}211 annually in hot water heating bills. 8 refs., 7 figs.

Trzeniewski, J.; Mitchell, J.W.; Klein, S.A.; Beckman, W.A.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Variable Variable Average Absolute Percent Differences Percent of Projections Over- Estimated Gross Domestic Product Real Gross Domestic Product (Average Cumulative Growth)* (Table 2) 1.0 42.6 Petroleum Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Constant $) (Table 3a) 35.2 18.6 Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil (Nominal $) (Table 3b) 34.7 19.7 Total Petroleum Consumption (Table 4) 6.2 66.5 Crude Oil Production (Table 5) 6.0 59.6 Petroleum Net Imports (Table 6) 13.3 67.0 Natural Gas Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Constant $) (Table 7a) 30.7 26.1 Natural Gas Wellhead Prices (Nominal $) (Table 7b) 30.0 27.1 Total Natural Gas Consumption (Table 8) 7.8 70.2 Natural Gas Production (Table 9) 7.1 66.0 Natural Gas Net Imports (Table 10) 29.3 69.7 Coal Coal Prices to Electric Generating Plants (Constant $)** (Table 11a)

239

Annual Training Plan Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Annual Training Plan Template is used by an organization's training POC to draft their organization's annual training plan.

240

Feed-in tariff for solar photovoltaic: The rise of Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Japan started implementing a national Feed-In Tariff (FiT) mechanism on the 1st July 2012, which included specific payment tariffs for solar photovoltaic (PV) installations. This marks a new era in the renewable energy landscape in Japan. This paper aims at analysing the solar PV prospect in Japan, particularly in both residential and non-residential sectors. The paper presents, first, an overview of energy trends in Japan prior to the Fukushima event. This is followed by a short review of solar PV progress in the country, highlighting the major policies and programmes that have been implemented as well as the installations that have been carried out over the past two decades. Next, the financial impact of the new FiT scheme on consumers is evaluated. The financial analysis investigates the total profit, the average annual return on investment and the payback period. For a comparison purposes, a similar financial analysis is also conducted with selected countries around the world namely Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom. The results from this analysis indicate that the new Japanese FiT rate generates a good profit, a moderate annual return on investment and an acceptable payback period, suggesting an increasing trend of solar PV uptake over the next years.

Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki; Siti Hawa Abu-Bakar; Abu Bakar Munir; Siti Hajar Mohd Yasin; Roberto Ramirez-Iniguez; Scott G. McMeekin; Brian G. Stewart; Nabin Sarmah; Tapas Kumar Mallick; Ruzairi Abdul Rahim; Md Ershadul Karim; Salman Ahmad; Razman Mat Tahar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

53119782000 Solar Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; · · 1100019000 1300 #12; · · 93 #12; · 1880 · · 1989 · #12;-1 · · #12;Solar Energy: 3 trillion barrels, 1.7 x 1022 joules = energy of the Sun supplied to Earth in 1.5 days The amount of energy humans use annually: 4.6 x 1020 joules = energy of the Sun supplied to Earth in 1 hour #12;How

Chen, Yang-Yuan

242

Solar in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October Solar in the Real World: Tour of Solar Homes Begins in October September 28, 2009 - 12:26pm Addthis John Lippert The National Solar Tour takes place annually during the first Saturday in October in conjunction with National Energy Awareness Month. Last year close to 140,000 attendees visited some 5,000 solar buildings in 3,000 participating communities. Find the tour nearest you. Initially, the tour began about 20 years ago when a solar retailer and installer in California organized some of its customers and got them to agree to open up their homes once a year to the general public. The owners enjoyed showing off their solar homes to the public, the public was eager to learn about solar technologies, and the solar company drummed up

243

Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

delivered costs of coal, by year and primary transport mode Year Average Transportation Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton) Average Delivered Cost of Coal (Dollars per Ton)...

244

Technical and economic evaluation of the utilization of solar energy at South Africa's SANAE IV base in Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The technical and economic feasibility of utilizing solar energy at South Africa's SANAE IV station in Antarctica was evaluated in order to estimate potential financial and external savings, and to alleviate the programme's dependence on the special blend of diesel shipped annually from Cape Town. The average global horizontal and tilted insolation rates at the base were studied, energy consumption data of the station was investigated, technical performance characteristics of devices for harnessing solar energy were assessed and an economic analysis was completed. It was shown that at SANAE IV flat-plate solar thermal collectors could potentially be used in conjunction with the snow smelter (a device that meets the station's fresh water demand) and that photovoltaic modules could feasibly be used to reduce the station's electrical demand. Flat-plate solar thermal collectors could collect solar energy at an average of 3.13R/kWh (viz. 0.49US$/kWh) from a suggested 143m2 array, while comparatively a 40kWp photovoltaic system would be less economically sound and only able to pay back costs at the end of the system's expected 25-year lifetime, generating electricity at an estimated 3.20R/kWh (annual electrical consumption at SANAE IV amounts to more than 1062MWh). The total diesel savings of the solar thermal and photovoltaic systems were estimated at approximately 12245 and 9958l, respectively, which represent savings in externalities of R67338 and R55879 each.

Jrgen R. Olivier; Thomas M. Harms; Danil J. Esterhuyse

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

ANNUAL ENERGY  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(93) (93) ANNUAL ENERGY OUTLOOK 1993 With Projections to 2010 EIk Energy Information Administration January 1993 For Further Information ... The Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) is prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, under the direction of Mary J. Hutzler (202/586-2222). General questions concerning energy demand or energy markets may be addressed to Mark E. Rodekohr (202/586-1130), Director of the Energy Demand and Integration Division. General questions regarding energy supply and conversion activities may be addressed to Mary J. Hutzler (202/586-2222), Acting Director of the Energy Supply and Conversion Division. Detailed questions may be addressed to the following EIA analysts: Framing the 1993 Energy Outlook ............. Susan H. Shaw (202/586-4838)

246

Annual Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 2011 Annual Report to the Oak Ridge Community Annual Report to the Oak Ridge Community DOE/ORO/2399 Progress Cleanup P Progress Cleanup P 2 This report was produced by URS | CH2M Oak Ridge LLC, DOE's Environmental Management contractor for the Oak Ridge Reservation. About the Cover After recontouring and revegetation, the P1 Pond at East Tennessee Technology Park is flourishing. The contaminated pond was drained, recontoured, and restocked with fish that would not disturb the pond sediment. 1 Message from the Acting Manager Department of Energy Oak Ridge Office To the Oak Ridge Community: Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 marked many accomplishments in Oak Ridge. Our Environmental Management (EM) program completed a majority of its American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)-funded projects,

247

Annual Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

11) | April 2011 11) | April 2011 with Projections to 2035 Annual Energy Outlook 2011 For further information . . . The Annual Energy Outlook 2011 was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), under the direction of John J. Conti (john.conti@eia.gov, 202-586-2222), Assistant Administrator of Energy Analysis; Paul D. Holtberg (paul.holtberg@eia.gov, 202/586-1284), Co-Acting Director, Office of Integrated and International Energy Analysis, and Team Leader, Analysis Integration Team; Joseph A. Beamon (joseph.beamon@eia.gov, 202/586-2025), Director, Office of Electricity, Coal, Nuclear, and Renewables Analysis; A. Michael Schaal (michael.schaal@eia.gov, 202/586-5590), Director, Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuel Analysis;

248

Variations in the Solar Neutrino Flux  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Observations are reported from the chlorine solar neutrino detector in the Homestake Gold Mine, South Dakota, USA. They extend from 1970 to 1985 and yield an average neutrino capture rate of 2.1 +- 0.3 SNU. The results from 1977 to 1985 show an anti-correlation with the solar activity cycle, and an apparent increased rate during large solar flares.

Davis, R. Jr.; Cleveland, B. T.; Rowley, J. K.

1987-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

249

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 With Data for 2012 | Release Date: September 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: August 28, 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 Go Re-release of the Petroleum Supply Annual with data for 2011 Volume 1 - Final annual data for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. Volume 1 Tables All Tables All Tables Detailed Statistics Tables National Statistics 1 U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV 2 U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products 3 PAD District 1 PDF CSV 4 Daily Average PAD District 1 PDF CSV

250

annual generation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

generation generation Dataset Summary Description Estimates for each of the 50 states and the entire United States show Source Wind Powering America Date Released February 04th, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated April 13th, 2011 (3 years ago) Keywords annual generation installed capacity usa wind Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon Wind potential data (xls, 102.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Work of the U.S. Federal Government. Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset Average vote Your vote Ease of access Average vote Your vote Overall rating Average vote Your vote Comments Login or register to post comments

251

LNG Annual Report - 2005 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 LNG Annual Report - 2005 LNG Annual Report - 2005 LNG Annual Report - 2005 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2004 LNG Annual Report - 2006 LNG Annual Report -...

252

LNG Annual Report - 2006 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 LNG Annual Report - 2006 LNG Annual Report - 2006 LNG Annual Report - 2006 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2007 LNG Annual Report - 2005 LNG Annual Report -...

253

LNG Annual Report - 2004 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 LNG Annual Report - 2004 LNG Annual Report - 2004 LNG Annual Report - 2004 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2005 LNG Annual Report - 2007 LNG Annual Report -...

254

2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT RESEARCH REPORT2010ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT2010ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT RESEARCH REPORT2010ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT2010ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2010 ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT RESEARCH REPORT2010ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT2010ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT

Jawitz, James W.

255

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

New Jersey law provides for the creation of solar easements to ensure that proper sunlight is available to those who operate solar-energy systems. The term "solar energy device" is not defined by...

256

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Virginia's solar easement law is similar to those in effect in other states. The Virginia Solar Easements Act of 1978 allows property owners to create binding solar easements for the purpose of...

257

Solar Swimming Pool Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Swimming Pool Heaters Swimming Pool Heaters Solar Swimming Pool Heaters May 29, 2012 - 6:03pm Addthis An example of a solar pool heater. An example of a solar pool heater. You can significantly reduce swimming pool heating costs by installing a solar pool heater. They're cost competitive with both gas and heat pump pool heaters, and they have very low annual operating costs. Actually, solar pool heating is the most cost-effective use of solar energy in many climates. How They Work Most solar pool heating systems include the following: A solar collector -- the device through which pool water is circulated to be heated by the sun A filter -- removes debris before water is pumped through the collector A pump -- circulates water through the filter and collector and back to the pool A flow control valve -- automatic or manual device that diverts pool

258

44. Annual Reed rig census  

SciTech Connect

Reed Tool Company`s 44th annual rotary rig census found a spirit of increased optimism in the US oil and gas drilling industry. Rig utilization rose to 77% this year, the highest since the boom times of 15 years ago. A combination of a higher number of active rigs and another decline in available units to a historical low, led to this higher-than-average utilization rate. The paper discusses results from the survey.

Stokes, T.A.; Rodriguez, M.R. [Reed Tool Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Optimization of an atmospheric air volumetric central receiver system: Impact of solar multiple, storage capacity and control strategy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Portugal has a high potential for concentrated solar power and namely for atmospheric air volumetric central receiver systems (CRS). The solar multiple and storage capacity have a significant impact on the power plant levelized electricity cost (LEC) and their optimization and adequate control strategy can save significant capital for the investors. The optimized proposed volumetric central receiver system showed good performance and economical indicators. For Faro conditions, the best 4MWe power plant configuration was obtained for a 1.25 solar multiple and a 2h storage. Applying control strategy #1 (CS#1) the power plant LEC is 0.234/kWh with a capital investment (CAPEX) of 22.3million. The capital invested has an internal rate of return (IRR) of 9.8%, with a payback time of 14 years and a net present value (NPV) of 7.9million (considering an average annual inflation of 4%). In the case of better economical indicators, the power plant investment can have positive contours, with an NPV close to 13million (annual average inflation of 2%) and the payback shortened to 13 years.

Bruno Coelho; Szabolcs Varga; Armando Oliveira; Adlio Mendes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Summary World Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Solar Energy Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world solar energy. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This solar energy dataset includes the following: World solar PV production (1975 - 2009); Annual solar PV production by country (1995 - 2009); Solar PV production in the US (1976 - 2009); World cumulative solar PV installations (1998 - 2009); Annual solar PV installations in selected countries and the world (1998 - 2009); Cumulative solar PV installations in the US (1998 - 2009) and EU (1998 - 2009); World installed concentrating solar thermal power capacity (1980 - 2009); solar water and space heating area in selected countries (2008) and top ten countries (2008).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

OHA 2010 ANNUAL REPORT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 ANNUAL REPORT 0 ANNUAL REPORT OHA 2010 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2010 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). Here are highlights for the past year: Personnel security hearings. Under DOE's personnel security program, OHA conducts administrative hearings concerning individuals' eligibility for access to classified information or special nuclear material. In FY 2010, our average time for processing a case reached a 10 year low, 25 percent below the averages of the last five and ten fiscal years. For the second year in a row, we had no cases older than 180 days in our end-of-year inventory. By the end of FY 2010, our average time for issuing a decision after the receipt of the hearing transcript stood at less than 30 days. Whistleblower cases. Under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection

262

OHA 2012 ANNUAL REPORT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 ANNUAL REPORT 2 ANNUAL REPORT OHA 2012 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2011 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). Here are highlights for the past year: Personnel security hearings. Under DOE's personnel security program, OHA conducts administrative hearings concerning individuals' eligibility for access to classified information or special nuclear material. By the end of FY 2012, our average time for issuing a decision after the receipt of the hearing transcript stood at 24 days, its lowest level in any of the last ten years, over 36 percent below our average over the last five years, and over 57 percent below our average for FY 2003-2012. For the fourth year in a row, we had no cases older than 180 days in our end-of-year inventory. Whistleblower cases. Under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program,

263

Annual Reports | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Documents Documents » Annual Reports Annual Reports Note: Some of the following documents are in PDF and will require Adobe Reader for viewing. Freedom of Information Act Annual Reports Annual Report for 2012 Annual Report for 2011 Annual Report for 2010 Annual Report for 2009 Annual Report for 2008 (pdf) Annual Report for 2007 (pdf) Annual Report for 2006 (pdf) Annual Report for 2005 (pdf) Annual Report for 2004 (pdf) Annual Report for 2003 (pdf) Annual Report for 2002 (pdf) (Revised 11/03/03) Annual Report for 2001 (pdf) Annual Report for 2000 (pdf) Annual Report for 1999 (pdf) Annual Report for 1998 (pdf) Annual Report for 1997 (pdf) Annual Report for 1996 (pdf) Annual Report for 1995 (pdf) Annual Report for 1994 (pdf) Chief FOIA Officers Reports Aviation Management Green Leases

264

Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Table 16. Recoverable Coal Reserves and Average Recovery Percentage at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method, 2012 (million short tons) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Coal Report 2012 Continuous 1 Conventional and Other 2 Longwall 3 Total Coal-Producing State Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines Average Recovery Percentage

265

solar radiation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

radiation radiation Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Monthly Average Solar Resource for flat-plate collectors tilted at latitude, for Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. (Purpose): Provide information on the solar resource potential for the data domain. The insolation values represent the average solar energy available to a flat plate collector, such as a photovoltaic panel, oriented due south at an angle from horizontal equal to the latitude of the collector location. Source NREL Date Released January 31st, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords atmospheric water vapor Carribean Central America GEF. latitude tilt GIS Mexico NREL solar solar radiation SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Shapefile (zip, 241.3 KiB)

266

Community Shared Solar with Solarize  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

An overview of the concept behind The Solarize Guidebook, which offers neighborhoods a plan for getting volume discounts when making group purchases of rooftop solar energy systems.

267

ARM - Annual Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Annual Reports Program Fact Sheets Campaign Backgrounders Education and Outreach Posters Brochures Research Highlights Summaries Annual Reports For proper viewing, the ARM...

268

LNG Annual Report - 2009 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 LNG Annual Report - 2009 LNG Annual Report - 2009 LNG Annual Report - 2009 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2008...

269

Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ES2 Figure ES2. Annual Indices of Real Disposable Income, Vehicle-Miles Traveled, Consumer Price Index (CPI-U), and Real Average Retail Gasoline Price, 1978-2004, 1985100...

270

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Boston Massachusetts: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency &...

271

Solar Keymark Testing of Solar Thermal Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Solar Keymark is the official CEN certification scheme for thermal solar collectors and factory made thermal solar systems. The Solar Keymark requires that the products fulfil the...

Harald Drck; Stephan Fischer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

NREL: Concentrating Solar Power Research - News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Below are news stories related to NREL Concentrating Solar Power research. Subscribe to the RSS feed RSS . Learn about RSS. November 5, 2013 Solar Working Group Releases Standard Contracts A working group representing solar industry stakeholders has developed standard contracts that should help lower transaction costs and make it easier to access low-cost financing for residential and commercial solar power projects. October 24, 2013 NREL Researcher Honored with Hispanic STEM Award A national organization devoted to getting more Hispanics into the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), has honored a scientist at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with its annual Outstanding Technical Achievement Award.

273

PRI Annual Report 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Annual Report highlights the activities and people that make PRI a multidisciplinary research center.

Maynard-Moody, Steven

2004-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Brazilian Atlas for Solar Energy Resource: Swera Results  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solar energy assessment in SWERA project was prepared by using BRASIL-SR radiative transfer model and satellite database acquired from 1995 till 2005 a full decade dataset. The annual and seasonal maps p...

Fernando Ramos Martins; Enio Bueno Pereira

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A data mining approach: Analyzing wind speed and insolation period data in Turkey for installations of wind and solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wind and solar power plant installations have been recently increased rapidly with respect to the depletion of fossil-based fuels all over the world. Due to stochastic nature of meteorological conditions, wind and solar energies have a non-schedulable nature and they require several installation analyses to determine the location and the capacities of wind and solar power to be produced. This paper focuses on the similarity, feasibility and numerical analyses of 75 cities in Turkey based on the monthly average wind speed and insolation period data. The nearest and the farest neighbor algorithms are used as agglomerative hierarchical clustering methods with Euclidean, Manhattan and Minkowski distance metrics in the stage of making the similarity and feasibility analyses. The maximum cophenetic correlation coefficient is achieved by the nearest neighbor algorithm with the Minkowski distance metric in the similarity and feasibility analyses. On the other hand, graphical representations of the monthly average wind speed and insolation period data are utilized for making the numerical analysis. The highest annual average wind speed and insolation period are obtained as 3.88m/s and 8.45h/day, respectively. Overall, many inferences were achieved in acceptable and efficient limits for wind and solar energy.

Ilhami Colak; Seref Sagiroglu; Mehmet Demirtas; Mehmet Yesilbudak

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Texas school district enlightens students with solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Texas school district enlightens students with solar Texas school district enlightens students with solar Texas school district enlightens students with solar July 21, 2010 - 11:33am Addthis Sam Rayburn High School in Pasadena, Texas is installing solar panels which will be used incorporated into the school's curriculum. | Photo courtesy of Sam Rayburn High School Sam Rayburn High School in Pasadena, Texas is installing solar panels which will be used incorporated into the school's curriculum. | Photo courtesy of Sam Rayburn High School Solar energy systems at two Houston high schools to save $15,000 annually Generate an estimated 172,000 kilowatt hours annually Avoid green house gas emissions equivalent to 14,000 gallons of gas consumed School-based solar isn't just for math and science students. At two Houston-area high schools students in core courses - ranging from

277

Texas school district enlightens students with solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Texas school district enlightens students with solar Texas school district enlightens students with solar Texas school district enlightens students with solar July 21, 2010 - 11:33am Addthis Sam Rayburn High School in Pasadena, Texas is installing solar panels which will be used incorporated into the school's curriculum. | Photo courtesy of Sam Rayburn High School Sam Rayburn High School in Pasadena, Texas is installing solar panels which will be used incorporated into the school's curriculum. | Photo courtesy of Sam Rayburn High School Solar energy systems at two Houston high schools to save $15,000 annually Generate an estimated 172,000 kilowatt hours annually Avoid green house gas emissions equivalent to 14,000 gallons of gas consumed School-based solar isn't just for math and science students. At two Houston-area high schools students in core courses - ranging from

278

Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation 2004  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2004 2004 * The Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has produced annual evaluations of the accuracy of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) since 1996. Each year, the forecast evaluation expands on the prior year by adding the projections from the most recent AEO and replacing the historical year of data with the most recent. The forecast evaluation examines the accuracy of AEO forecasts dating back to AEO82 by calculating the average absolute percent errors for several of the major variables for AEO82 through AEO2004. (There is no report titled Annual Energy Outlook 1988 due to a change in the naming convention of the AEOs.) The average absolute percent error is the simple mean of the absolute values of the percentage difference between the Reference Case projection and the

279

Uranium Marketing Annual Report - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Uranium Marketing Annual Report Uranium Marketing Annual Report With Data for 2012 | Release Date: May 16, 2013 | Next Release Date: May 2014 | full report Previous uranium marketing annual reports Year: 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 Go Uranium purchases and prices Owners and operators of U.S. civilian nuclear power reactors ("civilian owner/operators" or "COOs") purchased a total of 58 million pounds U3O8e (equivalent1) of deliveries from U.S. suppliers and foreign suppliers during 2012, at a weighted-average price of $54.99 per pound U3O8e. The 2012 total of 58 million pounds U3O8e increased 5 percent compared with the 2011 total of 55 million pounds U3O8e. The 2012 weighted-average price of

280

LNG Annual Report - 2011 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 LNG Annual Report - 2011 LNG Annual Report - 2011 (Revised 3152012) LNG Annual Report 2011 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2012 LNG Annual Report - 2013 LNG...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

LNG Annual Report - 2007 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 LNG Annual Report - 2007 LNG Annual Report - 2007 (Revised 10102008) LNG Annual Report - 2007 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2008 LNG Annual Report - 2006...

282

LNG Annual Report - 2010 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 LNG Annual Report - 2010 LNG Annual Report - 2010 LNG Annual Report - 2010 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2009 LNG Annual Report - 2008...

283

LNG Annual Report - 2012 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 LNG Annual Report - 2012 LNG Annual Report - 2012 (Revised 3212013) LNG Annual Report - 2012 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2013 LNG Annual Report - 2011 LNG...

284

Draft 2014 Annual Plan | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Draft 2014 Annual Plan Draft 2014 Annual Plan Section 999: Draft 2014 Annual Plan Section 999 - Draft 2014 Annual Plan More Documents & Publications 2011 Annual Plan 2013...

285

Annual Energy Outlook 2005-Acronyms  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AD AD Associated-dissolved (natural gas) AEO2004 Annual Energy Outlook 2004 AEO2005 Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Altos Altos Partners AMT Alternative Minimum Tax ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Btu British thermal unit CAFE Corporate average fuel economy CAMR Clean Air Mercury Rule CARB California Air Resources Board CBECS Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (EIA) CBO Congressional Budget Office CCCC Climate Change Credit Corporation CH 4 Methane CHP Combined heat and power CO 2 Carbon dioxide CTL Coal-to-liquids DB Deutsche Bank, A.G. E85 Fuel containing a blend of 70 to 85 percent ethanol and 30 to 15 percent gasoline by volume EEA Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. EIA Energy Information Administration EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPACT Energy Policy Act of 1992 ETBE Ethyl tertiary butyl ether EVA Energy Ventures Analysis, Incorporated FERC

286

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are major advantages to using solar energy for a variety of energy needs including electrical generation and space heating. The availability of solar radiation is extremely high in some localities of the...

Charles E. Brown Ph.D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Idahos solar easement provisions allow for the access rights to sunlight for a solar energy device. The easement is transferred with the property title. Only a few Idaho communities have passed...

288

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alaska's solar easement provisions are similar to those in many other states. They do not create an automatic right to sunlight. Rather, they allow parties to voluntarily enter into solar...

289

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Rhode Island allows property owners to establish solar easements in the same manner and with the same effect as a conveyance of an interest in real property. Solar easements must be created in...

290

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Ohio's solar-easement provisions are similar to those in effect in other states. Ohio law allows property owners to create binding solar easements for the purpose of protecting and maintaining...

291

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In determining that the use of solar energy "can help reduce the nation's reliance upon imported fuels," Georgia encourages the development of solar-energy systems. Accordingly, under Georgia's...

292

Solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... good book and certainly can be recommended as an introductory text for a course on solar ...solarenergy ...

D.O. Hall

1980-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

293

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Overhang Annual Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overhang Annual Analysis Overhang Annual Analysis Screen shot of Overhang Annual Analysis Lets users visualize the shading performance of a window overhang for an entire year. Overhang Annual Analysis tool accepts a location and the dimensions of the window and overhang as inputs, and produces a chart depicting the amount that the overhang shades the window for each hour of the day, for each month of the year. Screen Shots Keywords window, overhang, shading, solar Validation/Testing Outputs verified against an overhang shadow calculator with an independent methodology, also produced by the author. Expertise Required None. Users Unknown, new tool, released August 2007. Audience Architects, builders, homeowners, passive solar designers, energy analysts Input Location, window dimensions, overhang dimensions.

294

Energy Programs | Solar Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy Solar Energy Harnessing the Sun's Power for Fuel and Electricity Page 1 of 2 Solar Panels Featured Publication: Artificial Photosynthesis The average power need of the world's energy economy is 13 terawatts - a thousand trillion watts of power - and by 2050, that amount is expected to double. Fossil fuels and other nonrenewable sources are not the answer to the world's ever-expanding need for energy. Also, burning oil, coal or natural gas pollutes the atmosphere and contributes to global warming, which threatens the long-term viability of the earth and its inhabitants. Efficient utilization of energy from the sun may provide a solution to this important problem. The amount of clean, renewable energy derived from the sun in just one hour would meet the world's energy needs for a year. If

295

Property:SalinityAverage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SalinityAverage SalinityAverage Jump to: navigation, search Property Name SalinityAverage Property Type Number Description Mean average of the low and high end measurements of the salinity [ppm] of the fluid. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: C Coso Geothermal Area Pages using the property "SalinityAverage" Showing 19 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + 975 + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 700 + Blue Mountain Geothermal Area + 4300 + Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area + 3500 + C Chena Geothermal Area + 325 + D Desert Peak Geothermal Area + 6700 + Dixie Valley Geothermal Area + 2295 + E East Mesa Geothermal Area + 3750 + G Geysers Geothermal Area + 217 + K Kilauea East Rift Geothermal Area + 18750 +

296

concentrating solar power | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

concentrating solar power concentrating solar power Dataset Summary Description This dataset is part of a larger internal dataset at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that explores various characteristics of large solar electric (both PV and CSP) facilities around the United States. This dataset focuses on the land use characteristics for solar facilities that are either under construction or currently in operation. Source Land-Use Requirements for Solar Power Plants in the United States Date Released June 25th, 2013 (7 months ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords acres area average concentrating solar power csp Density electric hectares km2 land land requirements land use land-use mean photovoltaic photovoltaics PV solar statistics Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon Master Solar Land Use Spreadsheet (xlsx, 1.5 MiB)

297

Solar Power Potential in SE New Mexico  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Power Potential in Southeast New Mexico Solar Power Potential in Southeast New Mexico Solar Power Project Opportunities Abound in the Region The WIPP site is receives abundant solar energy with 6-7 kWh/sq meter power production potential As the accompanying map of New Mexico shows, the WIPP site enjoys abundant year-round sunshine. With an average solar power production potential of 6-7 kWh/sq meter per day, one exciting project being studied for location at WIPP is a 30-50 MW Solar Power Tower: The American Solar Energy Society (ASES) is is a national trade association promoting solar energy as a clean source of electricity, and provides a comprehensive resource for additional information. DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is also a comprehensive resource for more information on renewable energy.

298

Solar for St. Paul | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar for St. Paul Solar for St. Paul Solar for St. Paul October 24, 2011 - 4:00pm Addthis A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist What does this project do? The completed project will have 348 American-made solar photovoltaic panels that will generate 100,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually - enough to power nine homes for a year.

299

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic growth Economic growth Recovery from the 2008-2009 recession is expected to show the slowest growth of any recovery since 1960. Table 2 compares average annual growth rates over a five-year period following U.S. recessions that have occurred since 1960. For the most recent recession, the expected five-year average annual growth rate in real GDP from 2009 to 2014 is 1.3 percentage points below the corresponding average for the three past recessions, with consumption and non-farm employment recovering even more slowly. The slower growth in the early years of the projection has implications for the long term, with a lower economic growth rate leading to a slower recovery in employment and higher unemployment rates. Real GDP in 2035 is 4 percent lower in the AEO2012 Reference case than was projected in the AEO2011

300

Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd Place New Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, India Zip 110044 Sector Solar Product Vertically integrated PV manufacturer with annual production of 2.5MW, under expansion to 10.0MW, also makes solar passive products. References Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd is a company located in New Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, India . References ↑ "Maharishi Solar Technology Pvt Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Maharishi_Solar_Technology_Pvt_Ltd&oldid=348592

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Regional averaging and scaling in relativistic cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Averaged inhomogeneous cosmologies lie at the forefront of interest, since cosmological parameters like the rate of expansion or the mass density are to be considered as volume-averaged quantities and only these can be compared with observations. For this reason the relevant parameters are intrinsically scale-dependent and one wishes to control this dependence without restricting the cosmological model by unphysical assumptions. In the latter respect we contrast our way to approach the averaging problem in relativistic cosmology with shortcomings of averaged Newtonian models. Explicitly, we investigate the scale-dependence of Eulerian volume averages of scalar functions on Riemannian three-manifolds. We propose a complementary view of a Lagrangian smoothing of (tensorial) variables as opposed to their Eulerian averaging on spatial domains. This program is realized with the help of a global Ricci deformation flow for the metric. We explain rigorously the origin of the Ricci flow which, on heuristic grounds, has already been suggested as a possible candidate for smoothing the initial data set for cosmological spacetimes. The smoothing of geometry implies a renormalization of averaged spatial variables. We discuss the results in terms of effective cosmological parameters that would be assigned to the smoothed cosmological spacetime.

Thomas Buchert; Mauro Carfora

2002-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

302

Power spectrum analysis of the annual rainfall series for Massachusetts (NE, U.S.A.)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Maximum Entropy Spectral Analysis of the annual rainfall series for 18871976 (90 years) for Massachusetts (northeastern USA.) shows T...= 17.8 (very near the 18.6 year luni-solar signal) as the most prominent pe...

R. P. Kane; N. R. Teixeira

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect

Grid-connected photovoltaic installations grew by 40% in 2009 compared with installations in 2008. California and New Jersey have the largest markets. Growth occurred in the residential and utility markets, but non-residential customer-sited installations did not change compared with the installations in 2008. Two small solar thermal electric plants were connected to the grid in 2009 with a combined capacity of 7 MW. The future prospects for solar thermal electric plants look bright, although developers are not expected to complete any new large plants until at least 2011. Solar water heating and solar space heating annual installations grew by 40% in 2008 compared with 2007. Hawaii, California, Puerto Rico, and Florida dominate this market. Solar pool heating annual installation capacity fell by 1% in 2008 following a dramatic decline of 15% in solar pool heating capacity in 2007 compared with 2006. Florida and California are the largest markets for solar pool heating. The economic decline in the real estate markets in Florida and California likely led to the decrease in pool installations and thus the dramatic decline in capacity installed of solar pool systems in 2007.

Larry Sherwood

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" Average Data for Each Choke Setting (before 24-May 2010 06:00), 6-hour average (after 24-May 2010 06:00):" ,,"Choke","Average","Average","Fluid","Methanol","Water","Oil","Gas","Hyd. Eq.","Gas" ,"Choke","Setting","Upstream","Upstream","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery","Recovery" "Date and Time","Setting","Duration","Pressure","Temp.","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Rate","Portion" "dd-mmm-yy","(64ths)","(hours)","(psia)","(degF)","(bfpd)","(bfpd)","(bwpd)","(bopd)","(mmcfpd)","(boepd)","(%)"

305

2006 TEPP Annual Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Emergency Preparedness Program 2006 Annual Report US Department of Energy - Offi ce of Environmental Management Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program 2006 Annual Report 2 2 Table of Contents Executive Summary.......................................................................................................................4 I. Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program Purpose.......................................6

306

Solar-collector manufacturing activity, July through December, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Solar thermal collector and solar cell manufacturing activity is both summarized and tabulated. Data are compared for three survey periods (July through December, 1981; January through June, 1981; and July through December, 1980). Annual totals are also provided for the years 1979 through 1981. Data include total producer shipments, end use, market sector, imports and exports. (LEW)

None

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Library Annual Report Library Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Library Annual Report 2007 Library Annual Report 2007 #12;www.library.uwa.edu.au Our mission: By delivering excellent information resources and services the Library is integral to the University's mission of advancing, transmitting and sustaining knowledge. Our vision: The Library will continue to be at the heart

Tobar, Michael

308

Abengoa Solar, Inc. (Mojave Solar) | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Solar, Inc. (Mojave Solar) Abengoa Solar, Inc. (Mojave Solar) Abengoa Solar, Inc. (Mojave Solar) Location: San Bernardino County, CA Eligibility: 1705 Snapshot In September 2011,...

309

STEO January 2013 - average gasoline prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

gasoline prices are expected to decline over the next two years. The average pump price for regular unleaded gasoline was 3.63 a gallon during 2012. That is expected to fall...

310

Annual Report 2008.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cold War FY08 Annual Summary Report Cold War FY08 Annual Summary Report Page 1 of 14 Savannah River Site (SRS) Cold War Built Environment Historic Preservation Annual Summary Report Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 October 2008 Prepared by: The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Savannah River Operations Office (SR) SRS Cold War FY08 Annual Summary Report Page 2 of 14 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page BASIS.............................................................................................3

311

ANNUAL REVIEW FACTSHEET WORKFLOW  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the PhD has updated his T&SP (15. Second annual review). The PhD and the Promotor have to plan a date for the second annual review and the PhD has to enter that date in ProDoc (20 Date second annual review plannedANNUAL REVIEW FACTSHEET WORKFLOW PhD Candidate / Promotor / Dean / TGS / Doctorate Board / Pro

Twente, Universiteit

312

Annual Energy Review 2002  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2002 125 a Unfinished oils, motor gasoline blending components, aviation gasoline blending components, and other...

313

Annual World Oil Demand Growth  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Following relatively small increases of 1.3 million barrels per day in 1999 and 0.9 million barrels per day in 2000, EIA is estimating world demand may grow by 1.6 million barrels per day in 2001. Of this increase, about 3/5 comes from non-OECD countries, while U.S. oil demand growth represents more than half of the growth projected in OECD countries. Demand in Asia grew steadily during most of the 1990s, with 1991-1997 average growth per year at just above 0.8 million barrels per day. However, in 1998, demand dropped by 0.3 million barrels per day as a result of the Asian economic crisis that year. Since 1998, annual growth in oil demand has rebounded, but has not yet reached the average growth seen during 1991-1997. In the Former Soviet Union, oil demand plummeted during most of the

314

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimating Unmeasured Solar Radiation Quantities . . . . . .Weather Data . . . . . , . , . . . . . . . . . .Solar DataB. l'he Solar Constant. . . . . . C. Solar Time and Standard

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Residential Solar Water Heating Rebates | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Solar Water Heating Rebates Residential Solar Water Heating Rebates Residential Solar Water Heating Rebates < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Solar Heating Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,900 Program Info Funding Source New Hampshire Renewable Energy Fund (REF) Start Date 04/21/2010 Expiration Date When funding is exhausted State New Hampshire Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount $1,500, $1,700 or $1,900, depending on annual estimated system output Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire offers a rebate for residential solar water-heating systems and solar space-heating systems. The rebate is equal to $1,500 for systems with an annual estimated output of 5.5 MMBTU to 19.9 MMBTU; $1,700 for

316

Annual Report and Accounts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report and Accounts 2013�2014 The Research Agency of the Forestry CommissionHC 2 #12;Forest Research Annual Report and Accounts 2013�2014 Presented to the House of Commons pursuant to Section 7 Annual Report and Accounts 2013�2014 Forest Research 1 #12;� Crown Copyright 2014 You may re

317

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Tower  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Thermal Test Facility * NSTTF * Renewable Energy * SAND2012-8086W * solar * Solar Energy * solar power * Solar Research * Solar Tower Comments are closed. Renewable...

318

Solar Energy Research at the Australian National University A.W. Blakers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Energy Research at the Australian National University A.W. Blakers Centre for Sustainable in the areas of photovoltaics and solar thermal energy. 1. INTRODUCTION The Centre for Sustainable Energy in photovoltaics and solar thermal energy. The Centre currently has 33 staff and 8 PhD students and an annual

319

1 in 78 New Jobs in America is a Solar Job  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Today marks an important day for Americas clean energy economy with the release of The Solar Foundations annual National Solar Jobs Census, which shows the solar industrys explosive growth is creating thousands of new, highly skilled jobs throughout the country. Find out how the SunShot Initiative is supporting this rapidly expanding workforce.

320

Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Analysis Papers > Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation Analysis Papers > Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation Release Date: February 2005 Next Release Date: February 2006 Printer-friendly version Annual Energy Outlook Forecast Evaluation* Table 1.Comparison of Absolute Percent Errors for Present and Current AEO Forecast Evaluations Printer Friendly Version Average Absolute Percent Error Variable AEO82 to AEO99 AEO82 to AEO2000 AEO82 to AEO2001 AEO82 to AEO2002 AEO82 to AEO2003 AEO82 to AEO2004 Consumption Total Energy Consumption 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 Total Petroleum Consumption 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 Total Natural Gas Consumption 7.3 7.1 7.1 6.7 6.4 6.5 Total Coal Consumption 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Total Electricity Sales 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 Production Crude Oil Production 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.7

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

An Overview of Solar Cell Technology Mike McGehee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Overview of Solar Cell Technology Mike McGehee Materials Science and Engineering Global ClimateWatt and Evergreen Solar went bankrupt Jon Stewart, The Daily Show Solyndra, SpectraWatt and Evergreen Solar went provide 20 % of that. It takes a panel rated at 5 W, to average 1 W of power through the day and year, sog

McGehee, Michael

322

Solar Physics A Journal for Solar and Solar-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. With society's increased dependence on space-based technology, much of which is at risk due to solar activity1 23 Solar Physics A Journal for Solar and Solar- Stellar Research and the Study of Solar-010-9653- x Solar Polar Fields During Cycles 21??? 23: Correlation with Meridional Flows #12;1 23 Your article

Padmanabhan, Janardhan

323

Solar abundances as derived from solar energetic particles  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies have shown that there are well defined average abundances of heavy ({ital Z}{gt}2) solar energetic particles (SEPs), with variations in the acceleration and propagation producing a systematic flare-to-flare fractionation that depends on the charge per unit mass of the ion. Correcting the average SEP abundances for the fractionation yields SEP-derived coronal abundances for 20 elements. Higher resolution SEP studies have also provided isotopic abundances for 5 elements. SEP-derived abundances indicate that elements with high first ionization potentials ({gt}10 eV) are depleted in the corona relative to the photosphere and provide new information on the solar abundance of C and {sup 22}Ne. Future SEP observations offer the prospect of a significant reduction of the uncertainties in solar elemental and isotopic abundances.

Stone, E.C. (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA (USA))

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Solar Decathlon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon Sara Farrar-Nagy National Renewable Energy Laboratory sara.farrar-nagy@nrel.gov, 303-384-7514 April 3, 2013 Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon 2013 & XPO Washington, D.C. Washington, D.C. Irvine, California 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: How to provide workforce training, improve building science instruction, foster innovation in whole-building design, and

325

Solar Energy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about Photovoltaic (PV) cells and its stresses in various directions by calculating the power generated using solar cells under different conditions to (more)

Bafana, Ramzi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Solar Mapper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Interactive, online mapping tool providing access to spatial data related to siting utility-scale solar facilities in the southwestern United States.

327

Solar News  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable news Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 en Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energy-department-announces-19-million-drive-down-solar-soft-costs-increase-hardware solar-soft-costs-increase-hardware" class="title-link">Energy Department Announces $19 Million to Drive Down Solar Soft Costs, Increase Hardware Efficiency

328

Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program Tampa Electric - Solar Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Heating & Cooling Water Heating Maximum Rebate PV: $20,000 Solar water heating: $1,000 per system Program Info Start Date 4/18/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2015 State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount PV: $2.00 per watt Solar water heating: $1,000 per system Provider Tampa Electric '''''Note: Of the $1.5 million budgeted for this program annually, $500,000 is reserved for solar water heating, and $1 million is reserved for PV systems. All funds have been committed for Solar PV systems at this time. Tampa Electric is scheduled to reopen the rebate program to new application

329

SMUD - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Water Heater Rebate Program Solar Water Heater Rebate Program SMUD - Solar Water Heater Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount 500 - 1,500 per system, depending on energy savings Provider Sacramento Municipal Utility District The Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) Solar Domestic Hot Water Program provides rebates and/or loan financing to customers who install solar water heating systems. The amount of the rebate depends on how much electricity the system will offset annually: * 800 - 1,399 kWh: $500 * 1,400 - 2,199 kWh: $1,000 * 2,200 kWh or greater: $1,500 . All solar water-heating units must meet standards set by the Solar Rating

330

Are You Attending Solar Decathlon This Year? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Attending Solar Decathlon This Year? Attending Solar Decathlon This Year? Are You Attending Solar Decathlon This Year? September 22, 2011 - 6:45am Addthis Amanda Crosby, right, and Belinda Dods of New Zealand celebrate placing the final screw on the deck of their house at Solar Decathlon 2011. Amanda Crosby, right, and Belinda Dods of New Zealand celebrate placing the final screw on the deck of their house at Solar Decathlon 2011. This Friday marks the first day of Solar Decathlon 2011, an annual event that challenges collegiate teams-from the United States and around the world-to design, build, and operate solar-powered houses that are cost-effective, energy-efficient, and attractive. This week we've been highlighting the launch date of Solar Decathlon: Chris introduced us to the event and posted a video, and we re-posted a

331

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of today's CEBAF polarized source operating at ~ 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, Matthew [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

DOE Solar Decathlon: Solar Decathlon Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Consumer Workshops Consumer Workshops Building Industry Workshops Technical Resources Sponsors Where Are the Houses Now? Quick Links Solar Decathlon Home Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon 2009 Solar Decathlon 2007 Solar Decathlon 2005 Solar Decathlon 2002 Solar Decathlon 2011 Solar Decathlon Videos For video of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011, see the collections listed below or visit the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon YouTube Channel. General Solar Decathlon Videos Watch these videos to learn about the Solar Decathlon competition and event. Solar Decathlon House Video Tours Learn about each of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon teams and their houses in these video tours. Solar Decathlon Team-Produced Videos Watch videos produced by the teams themselves for the Solar Decathlon

333

A solar module fabrication process for HALE solar electric UAVs  

SciTech Connect

We describe a fabrication process used to manufacture high power-to-weight-ratio flexible solar array modules for use on high-altitude-long-endurance (HALE) solar-electric unmanned air vehicles (UAVs). These modules have achieved power-to-weight ratios of 315 and 396 W/kg for 150{mu}m-thick monofacial and 110{mu}m-thick bifacial silicon solar cells, respectively. These calculations reflect average module efficiencies of 15.3% (150{mu}m) and 14.7% (110{mu}m) obtained from electrical tests performed by Spectrolab, Inc. under AMO global conditions at 25{degrees}C, and include weight contributions from all module components (solar cells, lamination material, bypass diodes, interconnect wires, and adhesive tape used to attach the modules to the wing). The fabrication, testing, and performance of 32 m{sup 2} of these modules will be described.

Carey, P.G.; Aceves, R.C.; Colella, N.J.; Williams, K.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sinton, R.A. [Private Consultant, San Jose, CA (United States); Glenn, G.S. [Spectrolab, Inc., Sylmar, CA (United States)

1994-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

334

Historical Natural Gas Annual - 1930 Through 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2000 2000 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at selected points in the flow of gas from the wellhead to the burner-tip. Data include production, transmission within the United States, imports and exports of natural gas, underground storage activities, and deliveries to consumers. The publication presents historical data at the national level for 1930-2000 and detailed annual historical information by State for 1967-2000. Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.5 MB Front Matter . Historical Natural Gas Annual Cover Page, Preface, Common Abbreviations Used, and Table of Contents PDF . . Tables . 1 Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1998 PDF

335

OHA 2009 ANNUAL REPORT | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 ANNUAL REPORT 9 ANNUAL REPORT OHA 2009 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2009 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). Here are highlights for the past year: Personnel security hearings. Under DOE's personnel security program, OHA conducts administrative hearings concerning individuals' eligibility for access to classified information or special nuclear material. In FY 2009, we lowered the average time for processing a case by 16 percent (from 151 days to 126 days), and eliminated all older cases (those over 180 days old) from our end-of-year inventory. Whistleblower cases. Under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program, OHA conducts investigations and hearings, and considers appeals concerning whistleblower claims filed by DOE contractor employees. In FY

336

annual energy consumption | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

energy consumption energy consumption Dataset Summary Description Provides annual renewable energy consumption by source and end use between 1989 and 2008. This data was published and compiled by the Energy Information Administration. Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Keywords annual energy consumption consumption EIA renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon historical_renewable_energy_consumption_by_sector_and_energy_source_1989-2008.xls (xls, 41 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 1989-2008 License License Creative Commons CCZero Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

337

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

April 2012 April 2012 | Report Number: DOE/EIA-0383ER(2012) Acronyms List of Acronyms AB 32 Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 LDVs Light-duty vehicles AEO Annual Energy Outlook LFMM Liquid Fuel Market Module AEO20011 Annual Energy Outlook 2011 LNG Liquefied natural gas AEO2012 Annual Energy Outlook 2012 MACT Maximum achievable control technology bpd barrels per day MATS Mercury and Air Toxics Standards Btu British thermal units mpg miles per gallon CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy NGL National gas liquids CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration CHP Combined heat and power NOx Nitrogen oxides CO2 Carbon dioxide OCS Outer Continental Shelf CTL Coal-to-liquids OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

338

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Acronyms Acronyms List of Acronyms AEO Annual Energy Outlook LDV Light-duty vehicle AEO2013 Annual Energy Outlook 2013 LED Light emitting diode AEO20014 Annual Energy Outlook 2014 LNG Liquefied natural gas ATRA American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 LPG Liquefied petroleum gases bbl Barrels LRG Liquefied refinery gases Btu British thermal units MATS Mercury and Air Toxics Standards CAFE Corporate Average Fuel Economy MECS Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule MMbbl/d Million barrels per day CO2 Carbon dioxide MMBtu Million Btu CTL Coal-to-liquids MMst Million short tons DOE U.S. Department of Energy NEMS National Energy Modeling System E85 Motor fuel containing up to 85% ethanol NGL Natural gas liquids

339

Solar Power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of desert solar energy farm with 30 percent conversion...85 percent of the solar farm energy now reflected back...Washington, D.C. 20550. Wind Power Martin Wolf (19...counting the cost of the offshore platforms, would thus...15 billion. If these wind generators were placed...

Paul E. Damon

1974-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

340

DOE Solar Decathlon: Carnegie Mellon University: Passing the Torch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carnegie Mellon solar-powered house at Solar Decathlon 2002. Carnegie Mellon solar-powered house at Solar Decathlon 2002. Enlarge image The Carnegie Mellon house consumed only 10% of the energy used by an average house with the help of solar electric and solar thermal systems, a water-source heat pump, and a tightly constructed building envelope made of prefabricated panels. (Credit: Chris Gunn/U.S. Department of Energy) Who: Carnegie Mellon What: Solar House Where: No longer available Solar Decathlon 2002 Carnegie Mellon University: Passing the Torch Carnegie Mellon's U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2002 team analyzed every part of its solar-powered house during the two years it spent preparing for the competition. This forethought allowed the students to strategically place as many components as possible when they dismantled

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Laser Fusion Energy The High Average Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Laser Fusion Energy and The High Average Power Program John Sethian Naval Research Laboratory Dec for Inertial Fusion Energy with lasers, direct drive targets and solid wall chambers Lasers DPPSL (LLNL) Kr posters Snead Payne #12;Laser(s) Goals 1. Develop technologies that can meet the fusion energy

342

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelis 1 , Nele Verbiest1 , and Richard rough set model, which is based on a similar rationale, our proposal has the ad- vantage a feature selection application confirm the potential of the OWA-based model. Keywords: fuzzy rough sets

Gent, Universiteit

343

HIGH AVERAGE POWER OPTICAL FEL AMPLIFIERS.  

SciTech Connect

Historically, the first demonstration of the optical FEL was in an amplifier configuration at Stanford University [l]. There were other notable instances of amplifying a seed laser, such as the LLNL PALADIN amplifier [2] and the BNL ATF High-Gain Harmonic Generation FEL [3]. However, for the most part FELs are operated as oscillators or self amplified spontaneous emission devices. Yet, in wavelength regimes where a conventional laser seed can be used, the FEL can be used as an amplifier. One promising application is for very high average power generation, for instance FEL's with average power of 100 kW or more. The high electron beam power, high brightness and high efficiency that can be achieved with photoinjectors and superconducting Energy Recovery Linacs (ERL) combine well with the high-gain FEL amplifier to produce unprecedented average power FELs. This combination has a number of advantages. In particular, we show that for a given FEL power, an FEL amplifier can introduce lower energy spread in the beam as compared to a traditional oscillator. This properly gives the ERL based FEL amplifier a great wall-plug to optical power efficiency advantage. The optics for an amplifier is simple and compact. In addition to the general features of the high average power FEL amplifier, we will look at a 100 kW class FEL amplifier is being designed to operate on the 0.5 ampere Energy Recovery Linac which is under construction at Brookhaven National Laboratory's Collider-Accelerator Department.

BEN-ZVI, ILAN, DAYRAN, D.; LITVINENKO, V.

2005-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Institute for Water & Watersheds (IWW) Annual Technical Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

timber and salmon to solar panels and semiconductors. But water supply and demand in the state also hosts strong graduate degree programs in Water Resources and is located near state & Watersheds (IWW) Annual Technical Report FY 2010 1 #12;Introduction At Oregon State University, over 125

345

Solar Thermal/PV | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal/PV Thermal/PV Dataset Summary Description Provides annual consumption (in quadrillion Btu) of renewable energy by energy use sector (residential, commercial, industrial, transportation and electricity) and by energy source (e.g. solar, biofuel) for 2004 through 2008. Original sources for data are cited on spreadsheet. Also available from: www.eia.gov/cneaf/solar.renewables/page/trends/table1_2.xls Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption biodiesel Biofuels biomass energy use by sector ethanol geothermal Hydroelectric Conventional Landfill Gas MSW Biogenic Other Biomass renewable energy Solar Thermal/PV Waste wind Wood and Derived Fuels Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon RE Consumption by Energy Use Sector, Excel file (xls, 32.8 KiB)

346

LNG Annual Report - 2013 | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Annual Report - 2013 LNG Annual Report - 2013 LNG Annual Report - 2013 LNG 2013.pdf More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2012 LNG Monthly Report - August 2014...

347

LNG Annual Report - 2008 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 LNG Annual Report - 2008 LNG Annual Report - 2008 (Revised 10142009) LNG Annual Report - 2008 More Documents & Publications LNG Annual Report - 2009...

348

LM Annual Post Competition Accountability Reports | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LM Annual Post Competition Accountability Reports LM Annual Post Competition Accountability Reports Third Annual Post Competition Accountability Report Second Annual Post...

349

Annual Energy Outlook with Projections to 2025 - Market Trends- Electricity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand and Supply Electricity Demand and Supply Annual Energy Outlook 2005 Market Trends - Electricity Demand and Supply Continued Growth in Electricity Use Is Expected in All Sectors Figure 66. Annual electricity sales by sector, 1970-2025 (billion kilowatthours). Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. Figure data Total electricity sales are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 1.9 percent in the AEO2005 reference case, from 3,481 billion kilowatthours in 2003 to 5,220 billion kilowatthours in 2025 (Figure 66). From 2003 to 2025, annual growth in electricity sales is projected to average 1.6 percent in the residential sector, 2.5 percent in the commercial sector, and 1.3 percent in the industrial sector.

350

FOCI Prediction -1997 -Average The Fisheries-Oceanography Coordinated Investigations (FOCI) program annually makes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. observed Kodiak rainfall, 2. wind mixing energy at [57N, 156W] computed from sea-level pressure gradient of calm. 1997 wind mixing statistics Wind mixing was weighted at 0.15 this year because a new source analysis of recruitment data, and four qualitative sources of information. FOCI predicted the 1995 and 1996

351

United States- Land Based and Offshore Annual Average Wind Speed at 100 Meters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Full-size, high resolution version of the 100-meter land-based and offshore wind speed resource map.

352

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Table G1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

the AEO2001 cases the AEO2001 cases Case name Description Integration mode Reference in text Reference in Appendix G Reference Baseline economic growth, world oil price, and technology assumptions Fully integrated — — Low Economic Growth Gross domestic product grows at an average annual rate of 2.5 percent, compared to the reference case growth of 3.0 percent. Fully integrated p. 57 — High Economic Growth Gross domestic product grows at an average annual rate of 3.5 percent, compared to the reference case growth of 3.0 percent. Fully integrated p. 57 — Low World Oil Price World oil prices are $15.10 per barrel in 2020, compared to $22.41 per barrel in the reference case. Fully integrated p. 58 — High World Oil Price World oil prices are $28.42 per barrel in 2020, compared to $22.41 per barrel in the reference case.

353

Dynamic performance estimation of small-scale solar cogeneration with an organic Rankine cycle using a scroll expander  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Small-scale solar thermal cogeneration shows promise as an effective way to get increased benefit out of a given solar availability, since it does not waste potential during summer after the water capacity is heated. In this paper a scroll expander is tested in a small organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and used to calibrate a static expander model. Validation of the scroll expander model shows agreement generally within 10% for the shaft power, 5% for the rotational speed and 6K for the exhaust temperature, with some outliers at very low pressure ratios. This calibrated model is then incorporated into a larger dynamic model of a solar thermal cogeneration system, designed for some larger dwelling unit or small commercial establishment that requires a larger volume of hot water. An annual simulation is conducted using a collector area of 50m2, and the scroll expander shows a maximum isentropic efficiency of 59% while the ORC efficiency is 3.47%. The total energy produced is 1710kWh and the hot water available is on average 2540L/day. The maximum instantaneous power that can be produced by the system is 676W, and it is possible to shift the time period that the system is producing power to match the peak demand period by adjusting the solar store volume.

B. Twomey; P.A. Jacobs; H. Gurgenci

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Solar energy potential in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In view of the growing needs of energy in Pakistan the efficient use and development of renewable energy sources has become a major issue in the country. This has brought the intention of several national and multinational companies to design and implement a major work plan for energy conservation and construction of renewable energy sources like wind mills and solar panels. Fortunately Pakistan is among those countries in which sun warms the surface throughout the year and therefore has a strong potential for solar power generation. This study was conducted to explore those areas which are most suitable for solar energy potential using fifty eight meteorological stations covering the whole country. Angstrom equation and Hargreaves formula was used to calculate monthly solar energy potential by utilizing monthly climatical data of bright sunshine hours mean maximum and minimum temperatures. The lowest solar radiation intensity 76.49?W/m2 observed at Cherat during December and highest 339.25?W/m2 at Gilgit. The average monthly solar radiation intensity remains 136.05 to 287.36?W/m2 in the country. The results indicate that the values of solar radiation intensity greater than 200?W/m2 were observed in the months: February to October in Sindh March to October in almost all regions of Balochistan April to September in NWFP Northern Areas and Kashmir regions while March to October in Punjab. For 10?h a day average solar radiation intensity ranges from 1500?W/m2/day to 2750?W/m2/day in Pakistan especially in southern Punjab Sindh and Balochistan regions throughout the year. In an area of 100 m2 45?MW to 83?MW power per month may be generated in the above mentioned regions.

Shahzada Adnan; Azmat Hayat Khan; Sajjad Haider; Rashed Mahmood

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options Expected annual electricity bill savings for various PPA price options Jump to: navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Bill savings tables (main section): When evaluating PV systems under a PPA, it is important to look at the net effect on the building's annual electricity expense. If the solar value is greater than the PPA price, then the building will realize a net savings on annual energy expenses. If the solar value is less than the PPA price, then the building will realize a net loss. It is useful to understand how annual electricity expenses will be impacted at various PPA price levels. Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.04/kWhr Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.08/kWhr Bill Savings at PPA price of $0.12/kWhr Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Expected_annual_electricity_bill_savings_for_various_PPA_price_options&oldid=515464"

356

Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters Solar Hot Water Creates Savings for Homeless Shelters July 15, 2010 - 12:10pm Addthis Kevin Craft What are the key facts? Recovery Act funds are being used to install solar hot water systems at 5 Phoenix shelters. The systems will save Phoenox 33,452 kWh of energy -- about $4,000 -- annually. The systems will reduce about 40,000 pounds of carbon emissions annually. "This project will save us a huge amount of money," says Paul Williams, House of Refuge Sunnyslope's Executive Director. Williams is referring to a recent partnership between the state of Arizona and House of Refuge Sunnyslope to install solar hot water systems at five Phoenix-area housing sites for homeless men, which will make an immediate difference at the

357

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity Figure 32. Average annual growth rates fo real GDP, labor force, and productivity, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 33. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates, 2006-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data AEO2008 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth AEO2008 presents three views of economic growth for the 2006-2030 projection period. Economic growth depends mainly on growth in the labor force and productivity. In the reference case, the labor force grows by an average of 0.7 percent per year; labor productivity in the nonfarm business

358

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 - Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Drivers Market Drivers Annual Energy Outlook 2007 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity Figure 24. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor force, and productivity, 2005-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 25. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates, 2005-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energyi Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Strong Economic Growth Is Expected To Continue Through 2030 AEO2007 presents three views of economic growth for the projection period from 2005 through 2030. In the reference case, the Nation’s economic growth, measured in terms of real GDP, is projected to average 2.9 percent

359

An assessment of solar-powered organic Rankine cycle systems for combined heating and power in UK domestic applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Performance calculations are presented for a small-scale combined solar heat and power (CSHP) system based on an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), in order to investigate the potential of this technology for the combined provision of heating and power for domestic use in the UK. The system consists of a solar collector array of total area equivalent to that available on the roof of a typical UK home, an ORC engine featuring a generalised positive-displacement expander and a water-cooled condenser, and a hot water storage cylinder. Preheated water from the condenser is sent to the domestic hot water cylinder, which can also receive an indirect heating contribution from the solar collector. Annual simulations of the system are performed. The electrical power output from concentrating parabolic-trough (PTC) and non-concentrating evacuated-tube (ETC) collectors of the same total array area are compared. A parametric analysis and a life-cycle cost analysis are also performed, and the annual performance of the system is evaluated according to the total electrical power output and cost per unit generating capacity. A best-case average electrical power output of 89W (total of 776kWh/year) plus a hot water provision capacity equivalent to ?80% of the total demand are demonstrated, for a whole system capital cost of 27003900. Tracking \\{PTCs\\} are found to be very similar in performance to non-tracking \\{ETCs\\} with an average power output of 89W (776kWh/year) vs. 80W (701kWh/year).

James Freeman; Klaus Hellgardt; Christos N. Markides

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Sources Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Of Average Individual Radiation Exposure Natural background Medical Consumer products Industrial, security, educational and research Occupational 0.311 rem 0.300 rem 0.013 rem 0.0003 rem 0.0005 rem Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, provides radiological protection services and oversight at the Savannah River Site (SRS). These services include radiation dose measurements for persons who enter areas where they may be exposed to radiation or radioactive material. The results are periodically reported to monitored individuals. The results listed are based on a radiation dose system developed by the International Commission on Radiation Protection. The system uses the terms "effective dose," "equivalent dose" and units of rem. You may be more familiar with the term "millirem" (mrem), which is 1/1000 of a rem.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Fat turnover in obese slower than average  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9-04 9-04 For immediate release: 09/23/2011 | NR-11-09-04 Fat turnover in obese slower than average Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly This scanning electron micrograph image shows part of a lobule of adipose tissue (body fat). Adipose tissue is specialized connective tissue that functions as the major storage site for fat. Photo courtesy of David Gregory & Debbie Marshall/Wellcome Images LIVERMORE, Calif. -- It may be more difficult for obese people to lose fat because the "turnover" rate is much slower for those overweight than average weight individuals. New research in the Sept. 25 online edition of the journal Nature shows that the turnover (storage and loss rate) of fat in the human body is about 1 1/2 years compared to fat cells, which turnover about every 10 years,

362

Natural Gas Prices: Well Above Recent Averages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: The recent surge in spot prices at the Henry Hub are well above a typical range for 1998-1999 (in this context, defined as the average, +/- 2 standard deviations). Past price surges have been of short duration. The possibility of a downward price adjustment before the end of next winter is a source of considerable risk for storage operators who acquire gas at recent elevated prices. Storage levels in the Lower 48 States were 7.5 percent below the 5-year average (1995-1999) by mid-August (August 11), although the differential is only 6.4 percent in the East, which depends most heavily on storage to meet peak demand. Low storage levels are attributable, at least in part, to poor price incentives: high current prices combined with only small price

363

Indirect CP violation results and HFAG averages  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The current status of the search for indirect CP violation in the neutral D meson system at the B-factories and at LHCb is reported. The indirect CP asymmetry search is performed by the measurement of the proper-time asymmetry ($A_{\\Gamma}$) in decays of $D^0-\\bar{D^0}$ mesons to CP eigenstates, $K^-K^+$ and $\\pi^- \\pi^+$, and by $y_{CP}$, the ratio between the effective lifetime measured in decay to a CP eigenstate and that to the mixed eigenstate $K \\pi$. All results are consistent with the no CP violation hypothesis. The latest world averages for mixing and CP asymmetry in the charm sector evaluated by the Heavy Flavour Averaging Group are presented. The no mixing hypothesis is excluded at more than 12 standard deviations. The search for direct and indirect CP violation in the charm sector is consistent with no CP violation at 2.0% confident level.

Silvia Borghi

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

364

Polarized electron beams at milliampere average current  

SciTech Connect

This contribution describes some of the challenges associated with developing a polarized electron source capable of uninterrupted days-long operation at milliAmpere average beam current with polarization greater than 80%. Challenges will be presented in the context of assessing the required level of extrapolation beyond the performance of todays CEBAF polarized source operating at ? 200 uA average current. Estimates of performance at higher current will be based on hours-long demonstrations at 1 and 4 mA. Particular attention will be paid to beam-related lifetime-limiting mechanisms, and strategies to construct a photogun that operate reliably at bias voltage > 350kV.

Poelker, M. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

365

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual . 1996 Published October 1997 1997 Published October 1998 1998 Published October 1999 1999 Published October 2000 2000 Published December 2001...

366

Annual Report Generator.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This report analyzes the needs to build an annual report generator which has the properties of Modularity, Simplicity in use and Maintainability based on (more)

Lin, Yingwei

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

368

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

369

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at...

370

BPA 2002 Annual Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STATEMENTS 2002 Annual Report of the Bonneville Power Administration Cover photo BPA fish biologist Andy Thoms (upper right) works with students from H.B. Lee Middle School...

371

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

and may differ slightly from official EIA data reports. Sources: 2010 data based on: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 28 and Annual (Oak...

372

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics 2009 (Washington, DC, April 2011); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 30 and Annual (Oak...

373

2007 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

This annual report includes: a brief overview of Western; FY 2007 highlights; FY 2007 Integrated Resource Planning, or IRP, survey; and financial data.

none,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Annual Performance Report  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

left blank U.S. Department of Energy Annual Performance Report, Shiprock, New Mexico October 2014 Doc. No. S12021 Page i Contents Abbreviations ......

375

NLC Annual Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The National League of Cities (NLC) is hosting its annual Congressional City Conference in Washington, D.C., from March 7-11, 2015.

376

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 Regional maps Figure F3. Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts 216 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Figure F3. Petroleum...

377

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

36 Reference case Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Outlook 2012 6 Table A3. Energy prices by sector and source (2010 dollars per million Btu, unless otherwise...

378

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Table G1. Heat rates Fuel Units Approximate heat content Coal 1 Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

379

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

-- -- -- -- not reported. See notes at end of table. (continued on next page) U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2012 116 Comparison with other...

380

SFU LIBRARY ANNUAL REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SFU LIBRARY ANNUAL REPORT 2006/07 #12;22 TABLE OF CONTENTS Message from the University Librarian................................................... ....................................... 7 WAC Bennett Library.................................................................. ....................................... 8 Samuel and Frances Belzberg Library

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Annual Coal Distribution Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Distribution Report Release Date: December 19, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 12, 2014 | full report | RevisionCorrection Revision to the Annual Coal Distribution Report...

382

EMSL 2009 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The EMSL 2009 Annual Report describes the science conducted at EMSL during 2009 as well as outreach activities and awards and honors received by users and staff.

Showalter, Mary Ann; Kathmann, Loel E.; Manke, Kristin L.; Wiley, Julie G.; Reed, Jennifer R.

2010-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

383

SPEER Third Annual Summit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The South-Central Partnership for Energy Efficiency as a Resource (SPEER) is hosting their 3rd Annual Summit in Dallas, Texas.

384

OPSI Annual Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Organization of PJM States, Inc. (OPSI) is hosting its annual meeting in Chicago, IL, on October 13-14, 2014.

385

Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Records Annual Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa Because dust can block incoming solar energy, and because solar energy drives weather and climate, scientists around the world are looking for ways to better understand these natural phenomena. In 2006, scientists sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility conducted a year-long field campaign in Niamey, Niger, to provide key information for the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses, or AMMA, project. During the 12-month experiment at the airport in Niamey, researchers used a portable atmospheric laboratory, airplanes, and satellites to collect information about clouds, aerosols, and solar and terrestrial energy in the skies above the site. Measurements obtained

386

Different Models for Determination of Thermal Stratification in A Solar Storage Tank  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work two different models are shown for describing the thermal stratification in the solar storage tank of the solar water heating system. The first model was ... hour from the average hourly data of the

P. Gczy-Vg; I. Farkas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Solar pond technology for large-scale heat processing in a Chilean mine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coppermining is the largest industrial activity in Northern Chile a region that relies mostly on imported energy resources thus making the mining sector vulnerable to the rising cost of fuel oil and electricity. The extraction of copper is mostly accomplished by hydrometallurgy a three-step low energy process consisting of heap leaching concentration by solvent extraction and metal recovery by electro-winning. Since the content of copper in its ore tends to degrade as the mining operation proceeds higher leaching temperatures would be needed along with increasing energy requirements. In order to address this demand and considering that the region has one of the highest levels of solar radiation and clear skies the authors assessed the solar pond technology for rising the temperature of the leaching stream. The working principle of such technology is presented as well as its mathematical formulation restrictions and assumptions aiming to simulate the performance of a solar pond and to size a suitable setup. The results indicate that this technology can provide sufficient heat to raise the temperature to a range of 50 to 70?C throughout the year with an annual gross thermal supply of 626?GWh. In order to minimize the loss of water and salt from the pond a closed salt cycle is suggested. Savings of up to 59 000 tons of diesel oil per year and the avoidance of 164 000 tons of CO2 per year could be achieved with a solar pond effective area of 1.43 km2 reaching an average efficiency of 19.4%. Thus solar pond technology is suitable for attaining the goal of increasing the leaching temperature while diminishing fuel costs and greenhouse emissions.

F. Garrido; R. Soto; J. Vergara; M. Walczak; P. Kanehl; R. Nel; J. Garca

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Annual Report School of Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Annual Report 1999-2000 School of Engineering University of Connecticut #12;#12;University of Connecticut School of Engineering Annual Report 1999-2000 Table of Contents School of Engineering Annual Report Summary................................................................................... 3

Alpay, S. Pamir

389

University of Lethbridge Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Lethbridge Annual Report 2011/12 #12; i University of Lethbridge 2011/12 Annual Report ACCOUNTABILITY STATEMENT The University of Lethbridge Annual Report for the year ended March 31, 2012 was prepared

Seldin, Jonathan P.

390

Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The sun is the main source of all alternative energies on the earths surface. Wind energy, bioenergy, ocean energy, and hydro energy are derived from the sun. However,...solar energy refers to the energy that is...

Tushar K. Ghosh; Mark A. Prelas

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Solar collector  

SciTech Connect

A solar collector is disclosed which is tiltable about a horizontal axis so as to vary the angle at which solar radiation is received by the collector. The solar collector, which uses air as the heat transfer medium, has connected to it a pair of fixed, well-insulated air transfer passages which penetrate through into the interior of the collector at the lateral sides thereof aligned with the horizontal axis about which the collector is pivoted. The air transfer passages are insulated and are gasketed to the sides of the collector so as to improve the efficiency of the solar energy system by avoiding losses of heat from the heat transfer fluid during transfer of the fluid from the collector to the space being heated.

Stevenson, S.

1981-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

392

Solar Blog  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

field-type-text-with-summary field-label-hidden">

Using solar energy at home can help you save...

393

Solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Even in European latitudes, solar energy can contribute towards the saving of a considerable amount of energy steming fron exhaustible sources. In the domestic sector (heating and cooling) there is even some p...

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Maine allows for the creation of easements to ensure access to direct sunlight. Instruments creating a solar easement may include, but are not limited to, a description of the space affected by the...

395

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Tennessee law allows for the creation of easements for the purpose of ensuring access to direct sunlight for solar energy systems. This statute also states that the "encouragement and protection of...

396

Solar Easements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In Kentucky, solar easements may be obtained for the purpose of ensuring access to direct sunlight. Easements must be expressed in writing and will become an interest in real property that may be...

397

SJ Solar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SJ Solar Jump to: navigation, search Name: SJ Solar Place: San Jose, California Zip: 95131 Sector: Solar Product: Cell design firm for concentrated solar References: SJ Solar1...

398

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy On February 3, 2011, in Solar Programs Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Sunshine to Petrol Solar Publications Recent Solar Highlights Photovoltaics (PV)...

399

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar Furnace  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Test Facility * NSTTF * Parabolic Dish * Renewable Energy * SAND 2011-4654W * solar * Solar Energy * Solar Furnace * solar power * Solar Research Comments are closed. Renewable...

400

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio Growth in Solar Means Growth in Ohio October 6, 2010 - 2:26pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Editor's Note: Yesterday Secretary Chu announced that solar panels and a solar hot water heater will be added to the White House by the end of next spring. This entry is cross-posted from the Energy Empowers blog and deals with how the continued growth of solar power is not only a boon for industry, but for local economies as well. The solar industry saw growth in 2010. Market research company Solarbuzz reports that global demand soared by 54 percent in the second quarter of 2010. The research firm reports that in the United States, the annual number of total watts installed moved from 485 MW in all of 2009 to 2.3 GW

402

Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon September 8, 2011 - 12:15pm Addthis Models of the homes that this year's competitors have designed, built, and will operate at the Solar Decathlon. Models of the homes that this year's competitors have designed, built, and will operate at the Solar Decathlon. Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director It's an honor and a privilege to be selected for grueling hours of hard work, including planning, modeling, energy research, and construction - at least, it is when it comes to the Department of Energy's annual Solar Decathlon challenge. Only 20 university-led student teams are invited each year to create an all-solar-powered house from scratch, designing and building a house that will be reassembled amidst the memorials in

403

Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon Supporting Diversity at the Solar Decathlon September 8, 2011 - 12:15pm Addthis Models of the homes that this year's competitors have designed, built, and will operate at the Solar Decathlon. Models of the homes that this year's competitors have designed, built, and will operate at the Solar Decathlon. Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director It's an honor and a privilege to be selected for grueling hours of hard work, including planning, modeling, energy research, and construction - at least, it is when it comes to the Department of Energy's annual Solar Decathlon challenge. Only 20 university-led student teams are invited each year to create an all-solar-powered house from scratch, designing and building a house that will be reassembled amidst the memorials in

404

NASA-Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NASA-Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy NASA-Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: NASA-Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy Agency/Company /Organization: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Solar Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Dataset, Maps Website: eosweb.larc.nasa.gov/sse/ NASA-Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy Screenshot References: Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy[1] Main Points Over 200 satellite-derived meteorology and solar energy parameters Monthly averaged from 22 years of data Data tables for a particular location Color plots on both global and regional scales Global solar energy data for 1195 ground sites References ↑ "Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy"

405

2005 TEPP Annual Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Emergency Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program 2005 Annual Report Special thanks to participants in the Haralson County, Georgia and Leigh Valley International Airport, Pennsylvania exercises who are featured on the front cover of this report. Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program 2005 Annual Report Table of Contents Executive Summary ..................................................................................................1 I. Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program Purpose ......................3 II. Training ............................................................................................................3 III. TEPP Central Operations .................................................................................5

406

2004 TEPP Annual Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Transportation Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program 2004 Annual Report United States Department of Energy Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) 2004 Annual Report Table of Contents Executive Summary..................................................................................... 1 I. Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program Purpose ...... 3 II. Training.............................................................................................. 3 III. Outreach and Conferences ............................................................... 5 IV. Go-Kits ............................................................................................... 5 V. TEPP Exercise and Tabletop Activities ..........................................

407

Annual Fire Safety Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2010 Annual Fire Safety Report University of California, Irvine HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY to the Fire Safety in Student Housing Buildings of current or perspective students and employees be reported publish an annual fire safety report, keep a fire log, and report fire statistics to the Secretary

Loudon, Catherine

408

Information Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information Technology Services 2012­13 Annual Report #12;#12;Contents Administrative Information ______117 Telecommunications and Networking Services __151 #12;#12;5 ITS 2012-13 Administrative Information Services INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES Administrative Information Services 2012­13 Annual Report

Maroncelli, Mark

409

Annual Energy Review, 2008  

SciTech Connect

The Annual Energy Review (AER) is the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) primary report of annual historical energy statistics. For many series, data begin with the year 1949. Included are statistics on total energy production, consumption, trade, and energy prices; overviews of petroleum, natural gas, coal, electricity, nuclear energy, renewable energy, and international energy; financial and environment indicators; and data unit conversions.

None

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Average resonance capture study of Te124  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An average resonance capture study of Te124 was carried out by bombarding samples of Te123 with 2- and 24-keV neutron beams. The complete set of 0+, 1+, 2+ states disclosed by the experiment is consistent with the data of Robinson, Hamilton, and Snelling, demonstrating that there are no undetected states of these spins (especially 0+ states) below about 2500 keV. In particular, proposed 0+ levels at 1156 and 1290 keV are ruled out. This impacts various attempted interpretations in terms of intruder states, U(5), and O(6) symmetries.

R. F. Casten; J.-Y. Zhang; B.-C. Liao

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

ANNUAL SECURITY FIRE SAFETY REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ANNUAL SECURITY AND FIRE SAFETY REPORT OCTOBER 1, 2013 DARTMOUTH COLLEGE http................................................................................................................................................................... 7 ANNUAL SECURITY REPORT........................................................................................................................9 PREPARATION OF THE REPORT AND DISCLOSURE OF CRIME STATISTICS

412

2013 Uranium Marketing Annual Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry Annual, Tables 10, 11 and 16. 2003-2013-Form EIA-858, "Uranium Marketing Annual Survey". million pounds U 3 O 8 equivalent 1 Includes purchases between...

413

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at selected points in the flow of gas from the wellhead to the burner-tip. Data include production, transmission within the United States, imports and exports of natural gas, underground storage activities, and deliveries to consumers. The publication presents historical data at the national level for 1930-1996 and detailed annual historical information by State for 1967-1996. The Historical Natural Gas Annual tables are available as self-extracting executable files in ASCII TXT or CDF file formats. Tables 1-3 present annual historical data at the national level for 1930-1996. The remaining tables contain detailed annual historical information, by State, for 1967-1996. Please read the file entitled READMEV2 for a description and documentation of information included in this file.

414

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at selected points in the flow of gas from the wellhead to the burner-tip. Data include production, transmission within the United States, imports and exports of natural gas, underground storage activities, and deliveries to consumers. The publication presents historical data at the national level for 1930-1997 and detailed annual historical information by State for 1967-1997. The Historical Natural Gas Annual tables are available as self-extracting executable files in ASCII TXT or CDF file formats. Tables 1-3 present annual historical data at the national level for 1930-1997. The remaining tables contain detailed annual historical information, by State, for 1967-1997. Please read the file entitled READMEV2 for a description and documentation of information included in this file.

415

Historical Natural Gas Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 The Historical Natural Gas Annual contains historical information on supply and disposition of natural gas at the national, regional, and State level as well as prices at selected points in the flow of gas from the wellhead to the burner-tip. Data include production, transmission within the United States, imports and exports of natural gas, underground storage activities, and deliveries to consumers. The publication presents historical data at the national level for 1930-1998 and detailed annual historical information by State for 1967-1998. The Historical Natural Gas Annual tables are available as self-extracting executable files in ASCII TXT or CDF file formats. Tables 1-3 present annual historical data at the national level for 1930-1998. The remaining tables contain detailed annual historical information, by State, for 1967-1998. Please read the file entitled READMEV2 for a description and documentation of information included in this file.

416

NREL: Innovation Impact - Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Energy Menu Home Home Solar Solar Wind Wind Analysis Analysis Bioenergy Bioenergy Buildings Buildings Transportation Transportation Manufacturing Manufacturing Energy Systems...

417

SOLAR MARKET POWERS SILICON  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SOLAR MARKET POWERS SILICON ... Polysilicon shortages are boon to manufacturers, bane of solar energy industry ... Solar energy is a relatively new market for polysilicon manufacturers. ...

JEAN-FRA&CCEDIL;NOIS TREMBLAY

2006-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

418

Solar forecasting review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2.1.2 European Solar Radiation Atlas (ESRA)2.4 Evaluation of Solar Forecasting . . . . . . . . .2.4.1 Solar Variability . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Inman, Richard Headen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Residential Solar Valuation Rates  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Residential Solar Valuation Rates Karl R. Rbago Rbago Energy LLC 1 The Ideal Residential Solar Tariff Fair to the utility and non-solar customers Fair compensation to...

420

Solar Deployment and Policy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Solar Deployment and Policy Justin Baca Director of Research Solar Energy Industries Association About SEIA * Founded in 1974 * U.S. National Trade Association for Solar Energy *...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Sandia National Laboratories: solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Thermal Testing Facility Beam Profiling On November 2, 2012, in Concentrating Solar Power, News, Renewable Energy, Solar On Thursday, June 7, we began beam profiling...

422

Sandia National Laboratories: solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heat can also be efficiently and cheaply stored to produce electricity when the sun ... Solar Energy On February 3, 2011, in Solar Programs Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar...

423

Sandia National Laboratories: solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Concentrating Solar Power, Customers & Partners, Energy, News, Partnership, Renewable Energy, Solar Areva Solar is collaborating with Sandia National Laboratories on a new...

424

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cycle air conditioning. Solar assisted heat pumps. Systemsheat source. COP for solar assisted heat pump (heat pumpcycle air conditioners, solar-assisted heat pumps, and some

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conditioning. Solar assisted heat pumps. Systems with someheat source. COP for solar assisted heat pump (heat pumpconditioners, solar-assisted heat pumps, and some passive

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

room )I I( I I ,i I CALIFORNIA SOLAR DATA MANUAL I. ! I ienergy resource. The California Solar Data Manual describestowards fulfilling California's solar data needs is the

Berdahl, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Sandia National Laboratories: Solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Download On March 13, 2014, in Energy, News, News & Events, Photovoltaic, Renewable Energy, Solar, Solar Newsletter Sandia developed the Solar Glare Hazard Analysis Tool...

428

Solar powered desalination system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a clean energy source, solar power is inexhaustible,renewables for energy sources, including solar power. Also,Requirements Energy Source Natural Gas Nuclear Solar Wind

Mateo, Tiffany Alisa

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Solar Census - Perfecting the Art of Automated, Remote Solar Shading Assessments (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

To validate the work completed by Solar Census as part of the Department of Energy SunShot Incubator 8 award, NREL validated the performanec of the Solar Census Surveyor tool against the industry standard Solmetric SunEye measurements for 4 residential sites in California who experienced light to heavy shading. Using the a two one-sided test (TOST) of statistical equivalence, NREL found that the mean differences between the Solar Census and SunEye mean solar access values for Annual, Summer, and Winter readings fall within the 95% confidence intervals and the confidence intervals themselves fall within the tolerances of +/- 5 SAVs, the Solar Census calculations are statistically equivalent to the SunEye measurements.

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Average Price of Natural Gas Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

. . Quantity and Average Price of Natural Gas Production in the United States, 1930-1996 (Volumes in Million Cubic Feet, Prices in Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Table Year Gross Withdrawals Used for Repressuring Nonhydro- carbon Gases Removed Vented and Flared Marketed Production Extraction Loss Dry Production Average Wellhead Price of Marketed Production 1930 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,978,911 75,140 1,903,771 0.08 1931 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,721,902 62,288 1,659,614 0.07 1932 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,593,798 51,816 1,541,982 0.06 1933 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,596,673 48,280 1,548,393 0.06 1934 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,815,796 52,190 1,763,606 0.06 1935 ....................... NA NA NA NA 1,968,963 55,488 1,913,475 0.06 1936 ....................... 2,691,512 73,507 NA 392,528 2,225,477

431

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Average values and dispersion (in parentheses) Base-pair Parameters --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Shear Stretch Stagger Buckle Propeller Opening 3DNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.77) -11.79(4.14) 0.57(2.80) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.74) -11.35(5.26) 0.63(3.05) CEHS A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.75) -11.82(4.14) 0.56(2.78) B 0.00(0.21) -0.14(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.73) -11.37(5.27) 0.62(3.03) CompDNA A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.12(7.70) -11.81(4.14) 0.56(2.79) B 0.00(0.21) -0.15(0.12) 0.09(0.19) 0.53(6.70) -11.37(5.26) 0.62(3.03) Curves A 0.01(0.23) -0.18(0.10) 0.02(0.25) -0.13(7.85) -11.76(4.12) 0.57(2.80)

432

One Optimal Sizing Method for Designing Hybrid Solar-Wind-Diesel Power Generation Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper recommended an optimal design model for designing stand-alone hybrid solar-wind-diesel systems. The optimum configuration ensures that the annualized cost of the systems is minimized while satisfying t...

Zhou Wei; Yang Hongxing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Probabilistic modelling of hybrid solar/wind power system with solar tracking system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a probabilistic model applied to a hybrid solar-wind power system (HSWPS), which is equipped with either a one-axis or a two-axis solar tracking system. Within the framework of a case study, the potential of the developed probabilistic approach is presented, and the effect of the solar tracking systems on the annual energy gain is discussed. Specifically, the impact of a tracking system on the probability density function (PDF) of the power produced by a photovoltaic system (PVS) is evaluated through the first four moments (mean, variance, skewness and kurtosis) of a PDF. Finally, to estimate the impact of a tracking system on HSWPS energy performance, a reliability analysis is performed using the energy index of reliability (EIR), which is directly related to energy expected not supplied (EENS), given different annual load scenarios.

Giuseppe Marco Tina; Salvina Gagliano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

C:\ANNUAL\Vol2chps.v8\ANNUAL2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Energy Information Administration / Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 Energy Information Administration / Historical Natural Gas Annual 1930 Through 2000 38. Average Consumption and Annual Cost of Natural Gas per Consumer by State, 1967-1989 Table State Residential Commercial Industrial Consumption (thousand cubic feet) Cost (dollars) Consumption (thousand cubic feet) Cost (dollars) Consumption (thousand cubic feet) Cost (dollars) 1967 Alabama ...................... 91 103 844 475 NA NA Alaska.......................... 218 329 1,361 1,348 NA NA Arizona ........................ 69 67 667 338 NA NA Arkansas ..................... 152 108 751 374 NA NA California ..................... 98 91 548 372 NA NA Colorado...................... 159 106 701 389 NA NA Connecticut ................. 73 134 312 476 NA NA DC............................... a a a

435

DOE Solar Decathlon: News Blog » Awards  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awards Awards Below you will find Solar Decathlon news from the Awards archive, sorted by date. Solar Decathlon Europe Wins Sustainable Energy Europe Award Thursday, April 21, 2011 By Amy Vaughn Photo of a group of men standing in a spotlight beneath a projected sign that reads "EU Sustainable Energy Week Awards Ceremony 2011." Solar Decathlon Europe organizers accept the Sustainable Energy Europe Award for Communicating. (Courtesy of the European Union Sustainable Energy Week) Solar Decathlon Europe was honored last week by the European Commission with a Sustainable Energy Europe Award in the Communicating category. The annual awards reward best-in-class initiatives that promote renewable energy and energy efficiency in the European Union. More than 300

436

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect

2010 marked the emergence of the utility sector photovoltaic market. Utility sector photovoltaic installations quadrupled over 2009 installations. The share of utility sector installations of all U.S. grid-connected PV installations grew from virtually none in 2006 to 15 percent in 2009 and 32 percent in 2010. In addition, 2010 saw installation of a 75 MWAC concentrating solar power plant, the largest installed in the U.S. since 1991. In 2010, annual distributed grid-connected PV installations in the United States grew by 62 percent, to 606 MWDC. Photovoltaic arrays were installed at more than 50,000 sites in 2010, a 45 percent increase over the number of installations in 2009. Solar water heating installations increased by 6 percent in 2010, compared with 2009. Solar water heating has shown only two years of higher growth in the last 10 years. Solar pool heating installations increased by 13 percent in 2010, the largest growth in five years.

Larry Sherwood

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Solar for St. Paul | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for St. Paul for St. Paul Solar for St. Paul October 24, 2011 - 4:00pm Addthis A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy A new 82 kilowatt solar photovoltaic installation at the RiverCentre convention complex is unveiled in the heart of downtown St. Paul. | Photo courtesy of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist Henry Kelly Chief Scientist What does this project do? The completed project will have 348 American-made solar photovoltaic panels that will generate 100,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually - enough to power nine homes for a year. On Monday afternoon in St. Paul, Minnesota, I had the opportunity to see

438

Heliostat-adjusting solar sight  

SciTech Connect

A solar sight having a scale calibrated in terms of solar declination angle and reflector angle is provided with diffraction pattern forming means comprising a movable sighting tube which, when directed at the sun, provides a fresnel pattern on a viewing surface, which pattern indicates when said sighting tube is in proper alignment such that its axis is parallel to that of the incoming rays of the sun. The solar sight is portable and may be moved about on a heliostat so as to adjust the operation of the heliostat clock drive to agree with local sun time and to adjust the heliostat reflector tilt angle so that the sun's rays are reflected along or parallel to the polar axis. Movement of the sighting tube causes the movement of a vernier plate bearing an index which permits readout of the solar declination in degrees north or south declination. The vernier scale permits the reading of solar declination angles to 0.1/sup 0/ and the establishment of reflector angles to 0.2/sup 0/. No optical elements (lenses) are employed within the diffraction tube. Use of the solar sight herein disclosed makes practical the use of a heliostat by persons of average economic means.

Rhodes, W.A.

1982-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

439

HumanWildlife Interactions 4(2):283292, Fall 2010 Estimating annual vertebrate mortality on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Human­Wildlife Interactions 4(2):283­292, Fall 2010 Estimating annual vertebrate mortality on roads are a conspicuous effect of roads on animals, particularly in natural preserves where wildlife is protected at wind turbines to estimate the average annual number of vertebrates killed by cars on roads within

440

Average deployments versus missile and defender parameters  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates the average number of reentry vehicles (RVs) that could be deployed successfully as a function of missile burn time, RV deployment times, and the number of space-based interceptors (SBIs) in defensive constellations. Leakage estimates of boost-phase kinetic-energy defenses as functions of launch parameters and defensive constellation size agree with integral predictions of near-exact calculations for constellation sizing. The calculations discussed here test more detailed aspects of the interaction. They indicate that SBIs can efficiently remove about 50% of the RVs from a heavy missile attack. The next 30% can removed with two-fold less effectiveness. The next 10% could double constellation sizes. 5 refs., 7 figs.

Canavan, G.H.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Natural Gas Annual 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Released: October 31, 2007 The Natural Gas Annual 2006 Summary Highlights provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2006 and is intended as a supplement to the Natural Gas Annual 2006. The Natural Gas Annual 2006 Summary Highlights provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2006 and is intended as a supplement to the Natural Gas Annual 2006. Natural Gas Annual --- Full report in PDF (5 MB) Special Files --- All CSV files contained in a self-extracting executable file. Respondent/Company Level Natural Gas Data Files Annual Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition Company level data (1996 to 2007) as reported on Form EIA-176 are provided in the EIA-176 Query System and selected data files. EIA-191A Field Level Underground Natural Gas Storage Data: Detailed annual data (2006 and 2007) of storage field capacity, field type, and maximum deliverability as of December 31st of the report year, as reported by operators of all U.S. underground natural gas storage fields.

442

Solar Neutrinos  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The prospect of studying the solar energy generation process directly by observing the solar neutrino radiation has been discussed for many years. The main difficulty with this approach is that the sun emits predominantly low energy neutrinos, and detectors for observing low fluxes of low energy neutrinos have not been developed. However, experimental techniques have been developed for observing neutrinos, and one can foresee that in the near future these techniques will be improved sufficiently in sensitivity to observe solar neutrinos. At the present several experiments are being designed and hopefully will be operating in the next year or so. We will discuss an experiment based upon a neutrino capture reaction that is the inverse of the electron-capture radioactive decay of argon-37. The method depends upon exposing a large volume of a chlorine compound, removing the radioactive argon-37 and observing the characteristic decay in a small low-level counter.

Davis, R. Jr.; Harmer, D. S.

1964-12-00T23:59:59.000Z

443

Solar ADEPT: Efficient Solar Energy Systems  

SciTech Connect

Solar ADEPT Project: The 7 projects that make up ARPA-E's Solar ADEPT program, short for 'Solar Agile Delivery of Electrical Power Technology,' aim to improve the performance of photovoltaic (PV) solar energy systems, which convert the sun's rays into electricity. Solar ADEPT projects are integrating advanced electrical components into PV systems to make the process of converting solar energy to electricity more efficient.

None

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Solar system  

SciTech Connect

An improved solar heat collecting system is described comprising: a collecting means having upper and lower end caps; means for supporting the collecting means in a position generally perpendicular to ambit solar radiation and to permit periodic adjustment thereof; the support means including a base, a first support bar pivotally secured to the base and extending parallel to the ground, and a first support member extending perpendicular from the first support bar to the lower end cap. The support means also includes a second support bar pivotally secured to the base and extending generally parallel to the first support bar, a support leg having a lower portion that extends perpendicularly from the second support bar, an intermediate leg portion slidingly mounted on the lower leg portion and an upper leg portion pivotally secured to the intermediate leg portion, and a second support member extending perpendicularly from the upper leg portion to the upper end cap; lens means disposed above the collecting means for concentrating solar radiation on the collecting means; a pair of reflector means mounted below and on opposite sides of the radiation shadow of the lens means for concentrating solar radiation on the collecting means; mounting means for mounting the lens means and the reflector means. The mounting means includes first and second bracket means rotatively mounted respectively to the first and second support members. A pair of radially extending U-shaped reflector mounts have opposite ends secured to respective bracket means, and a pair of radially extending lens supports secured to respective bracket means; and means for rotating the mounting means and associated lens mean and reflector means to track the source of solar radiation whereby an improved, highly efficient solar heat collecting system is provided.

Gregory, S.T.

1987-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

445

An Explanation of Uncertainties in Point Cloudiness/Solar Energy Relationships  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The uncertainties in average relationships between paint cloudiness and solar energy flux density can largely be accounted for through scatter in the overestimation of cloud shades by point cloudiness. This is demonstrated using monthly averaged ...

C. J. Stigter

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Calorimetry and solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Calorimetry and solar energy ... An experiment is described that helps students relate concepts of calorimetry to solar energy. ...

R. B. Shiflett

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

School of Engineering Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

School of Engineering 1 9 9 9 Annual Report #12;University of ConnecticutUniversity of Connecticut School of EngineeringSchool of Engineering Annual ReportAnnual Report 1998-19991998-1999 TTable of Contentsable of Contents SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING Annual Report Summary

Alpay, S. Pamir

448

Solar Energy Technologies Program: Solar Multimedia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy EERE Home Programs & Offices Consumer Information Solar Multimedia search Home EERE » SunShot Initiative » Solar Multimedia Printable Version Bookmark and Share Feature Photo of 3 solar dishes, which have reflective, square-shaped material that creates a mirror image of the sky and clouds. Each dish is anchored to the ground by a vertical pole. Solar Dish - Albuquerque, New Mexico Credit: Sandia National Laboratories/Randy Montoya Solar Technologies Photovoltaics Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power Concentrating Solar Power Solar Applications Residential Residential Commercial Commercial Large Installations Large Installations City and County City and County Federal Federal Manufacturing Manufacturing Development and Testing

449

Fuel Economy Standards, New Vehicle Sales, and Average Fuel Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The average fuel efficiency of new automobiles sold in the ... trend stagnated in 1981, however, and average fuel efficiency has actually fallen since 1987. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standardsthe maj...

Steven G. Thorpe

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Fact #744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

4: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster than Average Used Light Vehicle Price Fact 744: September 10, 2012 Average New Light Vehicle Price Grows Faster...

451

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AREA WEIGHTED AVERAGE CALCULATION WORKSHEET: RESIDENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be used to calculate weight-averaged U-factors or averaged SHGC values for prescriptive envelope of window (the SHGC values of skylights cannot be averaged per §151(f)4A). a. "Area" can be replaced

452

Annual Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Annual Reports Services » Annual Reports Annual Reports Annual Reports December 28, 2012 Southeastern Power Administration 2012 Annual Report This report reflects our agency's programs,accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2011, and ending September 30, 2012. December 31, 2011 Southeastern Power Administration 2011 Annual Report This report reflects our agency's programs, accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2010, and ending September 31, 2011. December 27, 2010 Southeastern Power Administration 2010 Annual Report This report reflects our agency's programs, accomplishments, operational, and financial activities for the 12-month period beginning October 1, 2009,

453

Excitonic Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excitonic Solar Cells ... Existing types of solar cells may be divided into two distinct classes:? conventional solar cells, such as silicon p?n junctions, and excitonic solar cells, XSCs. ... Most organic-based solar cells, including dye-sensitized solar cells, DSSCs, fall into the category of XSCs. ...

Brian A. Gregg

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CUTTING SOLAR RED TAPECUTTING SOLAR RED TAPE Evergreen State Solar PartnershipEvergreen State Solar Partnership Rooftop Solar Challenge 1 Sunshot #12;WASHINGTON PV CONTEXTWASHINGTON PV CONTEXT 285 cities, 39 Installations happen where process is easier #12;EVERGREEN STATE SOLAR PARTNERSHIP Commerce NWSEEDEdmonds

455

Annual Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Annual Reports Annual Reports Annual Reports OHA Annual Reports Available for Download January 1, 2013 OHA 2012 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2011 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA). Here are highlights for the past year: September 30, 2011 OHA 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2011 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) September 30, 2010 OHA 2010 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2010 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) September 8, 2009 OHA 2009 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2009 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) September 30, 2008 OHA 2008 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2008 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) September 30, 2007 OHA 2007 ANNUAL REPORT Report on the FY 2007 operations of the Office of Hearings and Appeals

456

EIA - Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Renewable Fuels  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Renewable Fuels Module Renewable Fuels Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2009 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources, biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind1. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve the production or consumption of a fuel. Renewable technologies cover the gamut of commercial market penetration, from hydroelectric power, which was one of the first electric generation technologies, to newer power systems using biomass, geothermal, LFG, solar, and wind energy.

457

Electric power annual 1996. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1--with a focus on US electric utilities--contains final 1996 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1996 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA. Data published in the Electric Power Annual Volume 1 are compiled from three statistical forms filed monthly and two forms filed annually by electric utilities. These forms are described in detail in the Technical Notes. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Natural Gas Annual, 2004  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 EIA Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Data Publications Natural Gas Annual, 2004 Natural Gas Annual 2004 Release date: December 19, 2005 Next release date: January 2007 The Natural Gas Annual, 2004 provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas in the United States. Production, transmission, storage, deliveries, and price data are published by State for 2004. Summary data are presented for each State for 2000 to 2004. The data that appear in the tables of the Natural Gas Annual, 2004 is available as self-extracting executable file or CSV file format. This volume emphasizes information for 2004, although some tables show a five-year history. Please read the file entitled README.V1 for a description and documentation of information included in this file.

459

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights ....

460

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2007  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Released: August 29, 2008 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum...

462

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights ....

463

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Released: August 27, 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner...

464

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights ....

465

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum...

466

2009 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

This annual report includes: a brief overview of Western; some of our major achievements in FY 2009; FY 2009 customer Integrated Resource Planning, or IRP, survey; and financial data.

none,

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

2010 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

This annual report includes: an overview of Western; approaches for future hydropower and transmission service; major achievements in FY 2010; FY 2010 customer Integrated Resource Planning, or IRP, survey; and financial data.

none,

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

RAS ANNUAL REPORT 2002:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......ESO; the PPARC Science Committee funding...replacement. 11. Education Committee The Mary...video tapes, posters or optical equipment...Association for Science Education's annual meeting...good support. Science Year 2001. The......

The RAS Annual General Meeting

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Annual Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Mayer Brown Annual Global Energy Conference May 15, 2014 | Houston, TX By Adam Sieminski, EIA Administrator The U.S. has experienced a rapid increase in natural gas and oil...

470

Annual Report Directory2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

09 Annual Report #12;Directory2009 Chancellor Rex Williams, BE(Hons) Pro-Chancellor L John Wood-Chancellor Ian Town, MBChB(Otago), DM(Soton) University Registrar Jeff Field, JP, MA, DipJ, Dip

Hickman, Mark

471

Annual Reports - Hanford Site  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the 200 East Area April 2014 0 SGW-54165 2012 Groundwater Annual Report August 2013 0 DOERL-2013-22 The Regulatory Basis and Implementation of a Graded Approach to Evaluation...

472

NARUC Annual Meeting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioneers (NARUC) is hosting its annual meeting in San Fransisco, CA, from Nov. 16-19, 2014. Registration and housing begins Aug. 27.

473

Fact #849: December 1, 2014 Midsize Hybrid Cars Averaged 51%...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

average is the production-weighted harmonic mean. 2014 data are preliminary. Fact 849 Dataset Supporting Information Average Fuel Economy of New Midsize Cars - Hybrid vs....

474

Natural gas annual 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1994 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1990 to 1994 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level.

NONE

1995-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

475

Natural gas annual 1995  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1995 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1991 to 1995 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level.

NONE

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2009 - Trends in Economic Activity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Trends in Economic Activity Trends in Economic Activity Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030 Trends in Economic Activity AEO2009 Presents Three Views of Economic Growth Figure 27. Average annual growth rates of real GDP, labor force, and productivity in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 28. Average annual inflation, interest, and unemployment rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 29. Sectoral composition of industrial output growth rates in three cases, 2007-2030 (percent per year). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

477

Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035-Graphic Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 - Graphic Data Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 - Graphic Data Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 Graphic Data Figure 1. U.S. primary energy consumption, 1980-2035 Figure 1 Data Figure 2. U.S. liquid fuels supply, 1970-2035 Figure 2 Data Figure 3. U.S. natural gas supply, 1990-2035 Figure 3 Data Figure 4. U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, 2008 and 2035 Figure 4 Data Figure 5. Projected average fleet-wide fuel economy and CO2-equivalent emissions compliance levels for passenger cars, model year 2016 Figure 5 Data Figure 6. Projected average fleet-wide fuel economy and CO2-equivalent emissions compliance levels for light trucks, model year 2016 Figure 6 Data Figure 7. Total energy consumption in three cases, 2005-2035 Figure 7 Data

478

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 - Coal  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Coal Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 Market Share of Western Coal Continues To Increase U.S. coal production has remained near 1,100 million tons annually since 1996. In the AEO2006 reference case, increasing coal use for electricity generation at existing plants and construction of a few new coal-fired plants lead to annual production increases that average 1.1 percent per year from 2004 to 2015, when total production is 1,272 million tons. The growth in coal production is even stronger thereafter, averaging 2.0 percent per year from 2015 to 2030, as substantial amounts of new coal-fired generating capacity are added, and several CTL plants are brought on line. Figure 97. Coal production by region, 1970-2030 (million short tons). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help.

479

SOLAR ENERGY FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS Solar Suitability Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ENERGY FOR ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS Solar Suitability Assessment of Dalhousie University.................................................................................................. 2 2.2 Solar Radiation Data for Calculating Solar Energy Resource .................... 3 3 Campus.1 Evaluation of Suitability for Solar Energy Generation................................ 12 4.2 Solar

Brownstone, Rob

480

Natural Gas Annual 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Released: January 28, 2009 The Natural Gas Annual 2007 provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas in the United States. Production, transmission, storage, deliveries, and price data are published by State for 2007. Summary data are presented for each State for 2003 to 2007. The Natural Gas Annual 2007 Summary Highlights provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2007 and is intended as a supplement to the Natural Gas Annual 2007. Natural Gas Annual --- Full report in PDF (5 MB) Special Files --- All CSV files contained in a self-extracting executable file. Respondent/Company Level Natural Gas Data Files Annual Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition Company level data (1996 to 2007) as reported on Form EIA-176 are provided in the EIA-176 Query System and selected data files. EIA-191A Field Level Underground Natural Gas Storage Data: Detailed annual data (2005 to 2007) of storage field capacity, field type, and maximum deliverability as of December 31st of the report year, as reported by operators of all U.S. underground natural gas storage fields.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "annual average solar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Natural Gas Annual 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Released: December 28, 2010 The Natural Gas Annual 2009 provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas in the United States. Production, transmission, storage, deliveries, and price data are published by State for 2009. Summary data are presented for each State for 2005 to 2009. The Natural Gas Annual 2009 Summary Highlights provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2009 and is intended as a supplement to the Natural Gas Annual 2009. Natural Gas Annual --- Full report in PDF (5 MB) Special Files --- All CSV files contained in a self-extracting executable file. Respondent/Company Level Natural Gas Data Files Annual Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition Company level data (1996 to 2009) as reported on Form EIA-176 are provided in the EIA-176 Query System and selected data files. EIA-191A Field Level Underground Natural Gas Storage Data: Detailed annual data (2005 to 2009) of storage field capacity, field type, and maximum deliverability as of December 31st of the report year, as reported by operators of all U.S. underground natural gas storage fields.

482

Natural Gas Annual 2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Released: March 2, 2010 The Natural Gas Annual 2008 provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas in the United States. Production, transmission, storage, deliveries, and price data are published by State for 2008. Summary data are presented for each State for 2004 to 2008. The Natural Gas Annual 2008 Summary Highlights provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2008 and is intended as a supplement to the Natural Gas Annual 2008. Natural Gas Annual --- Full report in PDF (5 MB) Special Files --- All CSV files contained in a self-extracting executable file. Respondent/Company Level Natural Gas Data Files Annual Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition Company level data (1996 to 2008) as reported on Form EIA-176 are provided in the EIA-176 Query System and selected data files. EIA-191A Field Level Underground Natural Gas Storage Data: Detailed annual data (2005 to 2008) of storage field capacity, field type, and maximum deliverability as of December 31st of the report year, as reported by operators of all U.S. underground natural gas storage fields.

483

Renewable Energy Annual  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presents five chapters covering various aspects of the renewable energy marketplace, along with detailed data tables and graphics. Particular focus is given to renewable energy trends in consumption and electricity; manufacturing activities of solar thermal collectors, solar photovoltaic cells/modules, and geothermal heat pumps; and green pricing and net metering programs. The Department of Energy provides detailed offshore

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) EWEB - Solar Electric Program (Performance-Based Incentive) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info Start Date 1/25/2008 State Oregon Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount $0.0856/kWh for 10 years (subject to annual review) Provider Eugene Water and Electric Board The Eugene Water and Electric Board's (EWEB) Solar Electric Program offers financial incentives for residential and commercial customers who generate electricity using solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. [dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=OR101F&re=0&ee=0

485

Ohio Transit System Saves With Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio Transit System Saves With Solar Ohio Transit System Saves With Solar Ohio Transit System Saves With Solar July 23, 2010 - 3:42pm Addthis METRO Regional Transit Authority of Akron, OH is installing a solar energy system such as this on the central bus barn's roof. | Energy Department Photo | METRO Regional Transit Authority of Akron, OH is installing a solar energy system such as this on the central bus barn's roof. | Energy Department Photo | Joshua DeLung What does this project do? The new PV solar energy system being installed by the METRO Regional Transit Authority of Akron, Ohio on their central bus barn roof is expected to meet 15 percent of the transit system's bus barn energy needs. Akron, OH anticipates $40,000 in annual energy savings once the project is complete. Updated Oct. 13, 2010.

486

annual maximum extent: Topics by E-print Network  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Report 2010Annual Report Engineering Websites Summary: 2010Annual Report 2010Annual Report 2010Annual Report 2010 Annual Report Technology Transfer Office Assistant Vice...

487

Potential of Securitization in Solar PV Finance  

SciTech Connect

This report aims to demonstrate, hypothetically and at a high level, what volumes of solar deployment could be supported given solar industry access to the capital markets in the form of security issuance. Securitization is not anticipated to replace tax equity in the near- to mid-term, but it could provide an additional source of funds that would be comparatively inexpensive and could reduce the weighted average cost of capital for a given solar project or portfolio. Thus, the potential to securitize solar assets and seek financing in the capital markets could help to sustain the solar industry when the investment tax credit (ITC) -- one of the federal incentives that has leveraged billions of dollars of private capital in the solar industry -- drops from 30% to 10% at the close of 2016. The report offers analysis on the size of the U.S. third-party financed solar market, as well as on the volumes (in MW) of solar asset origination possible through a $100 million securitization fund (assuming no overcollateralization). It also provides data on the size of the relevant securities markets and how the solar asset class may fit into these markets.

Lowder, T.; Mendelsohn, M.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater May 30, 2012 - 3:09pm Addthis Solar water heaters are more efficient the gas or electric heaters. | Chart credit ENERGY STAR Solar water heaters are more efficient the gas or electric heaters. | Chart credit ENERGY STAR What does this mean for me? Solar water heaters cost more to purchase and install but may save you money in the long run. Estimate the annual operating costs and compare several solar water heaters to determine whether it is worth investing in a more efficient system. Solar water heating systems usually cost more to purchase and install than conventional water heating systems. However, a solar water heater can

489

Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater Estimating the Cost and Energy Efficiency of a Solar Water Heater May 30, 2012 - 3:09pm Addthis Solar water heaters are more efficient the gas or electric heaters. | Chart credit ENERGY STAR Solar water heaters are more efficient the gas or electric heaters. | Chart credit ENERGY STAR What does this mean for me? Solar water heaters cost more to purchase and install but may save you money in the long run. Estimate the annual operating costs and compare several solar water heaters to determine whether it is worth investing in a more efficient system. Solar water heating systems usually cost more to purchase and install than conventional water heating systems. However, a solar water heater can

490

Solar electric systems  

SciTech Connect

Electricity from solar sources is the subject. The state-of-the-art of photovoltaics, wind energy and solar thermal electric systems is presented and also a broad range of solar energy activities throughout the Arab world is covered. Contents, abridged: Solar radiation fundamentals. Basic theory solar cells. Solar thermal power plants. Solar energy activities at the scientific research council in Iraq. Solar energy program at Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research. Prospects of solar energy for Egypt. Non-conventional energy in Syria. Wind and solar energies in Sudan. Index.

Warfield, G.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Coal Production  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Coal Production Coal Production Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Coal Production Figure 93. Coal production by region, 1970-2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 94. U.S. coal production, 2006, 2015, and 2030 (quadrillion Btu). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Western Coal Production Continues To Increase Through 2030 In the AEO2008 reference case, increasing coal use for electricity generation at existing plants and construction of a few new coal-fired plants lead to annual production increases that average 0.3 percent per year from 2006 to 2015, when total production is 24.5 quadrillion Btu. In the absence of restrictions on CO2 emissions, the growth in coal production

492

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Early Release  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Economic growth Economic growth Macroeconomic projections in the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) are trend projections, with no major shocks assumed and with potential growth determined by the economyâ€(tm)s supply capability. Growth in aggregate supply depends on increases in the labor force, growth of capital stocks, and improvements in productivity. Long-term demand growth depends on labor force growth,income growth, and population growth. AEO2014 uses the U.S. Census Bureauâ€(tm)s December 2012 middle population projection. The U.S. Census Bureau revised its population projections primarily to reflect lower assumptions regarding international net migration. In AEO2014, U.S. population is expected to grow at an annual rate of 0.7% from 2012 to 2040, or 0.2 percentage points lower than the 0.9% average

493

EIA - Annual Energy Outlook 2008 - Electricity Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Demand Electricity Demand Annual Energy Outlook 2008 with Projections to 2030 Electricity Demand Figure 60. Annual electricity sales by sector, 1980-2030 (billion kilowatthours). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Figure 61. Electricity generation by fuel, 2006 and 2030 (billion kilowatthours). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. figure data Residential and Commercial Sectors Dominate Electricity Demand Growth Total electricity sales increase by 29 percent in the AEO2008 reference case, from 3,659 billion kilowatthours in 2006 to 4,705 billion in 2030, at an average rate of 1.1 percent per year. The relatively slow growth follows the historical trend, with the growth rate slowing in each succeeding

494

Annual Energy Outlook-List of Acronyms  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ABWR ABWR Advanced Boiling Water Reactor AD Associated-dissolved (natural gas) AECL Atomic Energy Canada Limited AEO2003 Annual Energy Outlook 2003 AEO2004 Annual Energy Outlook 2004 ALAPCO Association of Local Air Pollution Control Officials AMT Alternative Minimum Tax ANWR Arctic National Wildlife Refuge AP1000 Advanced Pressurized Water Reactor ARI Advanced Resources International AT-PZEV Advanced technology partial zero-emission vehicle BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics BNFL British Nuclear Fuels Limited plc Btu British thermal unit CAAA90 Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 CAFE Corporate average fuel economy CARB California Air Resources Board CBO Congressional Budget Office CCAP Climate Change Action Plan CGES Centre for Global Energy Studies CHP Combined heat and power CO 2 Carbon dioxide DB Deutsche Bank A.G. DES Department of Environmental Services (New Hampshire)

495

Electric power annual 1997. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1 -- with a focus on US electric utilities -- contains final 1997 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1997 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on a monthly sample: Form EIA-826, ``Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions``). Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA.

NONE

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

RDI's Wisdom Way Solar Village Final Report: Includes Utility Bill Analysis of Occupied Homes  

SciTech Connect

In 2010, Rural Development, Inc. (RDI) completed construction of Wisdom Way Solar Village (WWSV), a community of ten duplexes (20 homes) in Greenfield, MA. RDI was committed to very low energy use from the beginning of the design process throughout construction. Key features include: 1. Careful site plan so that all homes have solar access (for active and passive); 2. Cellulose insulation providing R-40 walls, R-50 ceiling, and R-40 floors; 3. Triple-pane windows; 4. Airtight construction (~0.1 CFM50/ft2 enclosure area); 5. Solar water heating systems with tankless, gas, auxiliary heaters; 6. PV systems (2.8 or 3.4kWSTC); 7. 2-4 bedrooms, 1,100-1,700 ft2. The design heating loads in the homes were so small that each home is heated with a single, sealed-combustion, natural gas room heater. The cost savings from the simple HVAC systems made possible the tremendous investments in the homes' envelopes. The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) monitored temperatures and comfort in several homes during the winter of 2009-2010. In the Spring of 2011, CARB obtained utility bill information from 13 occupied homes. Because of efficient lights, appliances, and conscientious home occupants, the energy generated by the solar electric systems exceeded the electric energy used in most homes. Most homes, in fact, had a net credit from the electric utility over the course of a year. On the natural gas side, total gas costs averaged $377 per year (for heating, water heating, cooking, and clothes drying). Total energy costs were even less - $337 per year, including all utility fees. The highest annual energy bill for any home evaluated was $458; the lowest was $171.

Robb Aldrich, Steven Winter Associates

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

U.S. Solar Market Trends  

SciTech Connect

U.S. solar installations by technology are detailed for 1998???¢????????2005. The growth and state distribution of installations are different for the three primary solar sectors: ???¢???????¢ photovoltaics, ???¢???????¢ solar water heating and space heating, and ???¢???????¢ solar pool heating. Photovoltaic installations have grown steadily. Since 2001, grid-connected installations grew at an average rate of 52%. California has 79% of the installations, with Arizona, New Jersey, New York, Illinois, Massachusetts, and Oregon accounting for most of the remaining installations. The offgrid growth has been steady, but significantly lower. Solar water heating and solar space heating installations have shown little growth since 1997. Hawaii dominates, with 41% of the market. Other states with a large number of installations include Puerto Rico, California, Florida, and Arizona. Solar pool heating accounts for the largest number of installations and has grown at an average rate of 13% since 1997. Installations in California and Florida are 75% of the pool heating market.

Larry Sherwood

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

San Diego, California: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Diego, California: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) San Diego, California: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar...

499

Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America...

500

Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Denver, Colorado: Solar in Action (Brochure), Solar America Cities,...