National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for animal populations inhabited

  1. Social barriers to pathogen transmission in wild animal populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loehle, C.

    1995-03-01

    Diseases and pathogens are receiving increasing recognition as sources of mortality in animal populations. Immune system strength is clearly important in fending off pathogen attack. Physical barriers to pathogen entry are also important. Various individual behaviors are efficacious in reducing contact with diseases and pests. This paper focuses on a fourth mode of defense: social barriers to transmission. Various social behaviors have pathogen transmission consequences. Selective pressures on these social behaviors may therefore exist. Effects on pathogen transmission of mating strategies, social avoidance, group size, group isolation, and other behaviors are explored. It is concluded that many of these behaviors may have been affected by selection pressures to reduce transmission of pathogens. 84 refs., 1 tab.

  2. The Nature of Inhabited Planets and their Inhabitants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Fergus

    2015-01-01

    Earth-like planets are expected to provide the greatest opportunity for the detection of life beyond the Solar System. This notion stems from an assumption that the Earth constitutes a simple random sample amongst inhabited planets. However, in the event that other intelligent species exist, our planet should not be considered a fair sample. Just as a person's country of origin is a biased sample among countries, so too their planet of origin is a biased sample among planets. The strength of this effect can be substantial: over 98% of the world's population live in a country larger than the median. Any variable which influences either the population size or birth rate is susceptible to selection bias. In the context of a simple model where the mean population density is invariant to planet size, we infer that an inhabited planet selected at random (such as our nearest neighbour) has a radius rEarth (95% confidence bound). If the range of habitable radii is sufficiently broad, most inhabited planets ...

  3. Impact of entrainment and impingement on fish populations in the Hudson River estuary. Volume I. Entrainment-impact estimates for six fish populations inhabiting the Hudson River estuary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boreman, J.; Barnthouse, L.W.; Vaughn, D.S.; Goodyear, C.P.; Christensen, S.W.; Kumar, K.D.; Kirk, B.L.; Van Winkle, W.

    1982-01-01

    This volume is concerned with the estimation of the direct (or annual) entrainment impact of power plants on populations of striped bass, white perch, Alosa spp. (blueback herring and alewife), American shad, Atlantic tomcod, and bay anchovy in the Hudson River estuary. Entrainment impact results from the killing of fish eggs, larvae, and young juveniles that are contained in the cooling water cycled through a power plant. An Empirical Transport Model (ETM) is presented as the means of estimating a conditional entrainment mortality rate (defined as the fraction of a year class which would be killed due to entrainment in the absence of any other source of mortality). Most of this volume is concerned with the estimation of several parameters required by the ETM: physical input parameters (e.g., power-plant withdrawal flow rates); the longitudinal distribution of ichthyoplankton in time and space; the duration of susceptibility of the vulnerable organisms; the W-factors, which express the ratios of densities of organisms in power plant intakes to densities of organisms in the river; and the entrainment mortality factors (f-factors), which express the probability that an organism will be killed if it is entrained. Once these values are obtained, the ETM is used to estimate entrainment impact for both historical and projected conditions.

  4. Bayesian Inference of Multiple-Traits in a House Sparrow Population using the Animal Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinsland, Ingelin

    Bayesian Inference of Multiple-Traits in a House Sparrow Population using the Animal Model Ingelin- sidered in the further analysis. Hestmannøy (one of the study islands) Data ·Most house sparrows of six island are known. The Animal Model For bird i (i = 1, . . . , 1004): observed traits =fixed +genetic

  5. The distribution and abundance of animal populations in a climate of uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The distribution and abundance of animal populations in a climate of uncertainty A° sa Berggren-term patterns. To better understand and predict the effects of climate change on the distribution of species provide: (1) a formal mathematical definition of distribution limits that is both operational

  6. Animations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The animations shown on this page are designed and meant to help understand basic geothermal concepts, and are not meant as exhaustive and detailed depictions of technical principles. Rather, they...

  7. Social and behavioral barriers to pathogen transmission in wild animal populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loehle, C.S.

    1988-12-31

    Disease and pathogens have been studied as regulators of animal populations but not really as selective forces. The authors propose that pathogens can be major selective forces influencing social behaviors when these are successful at reducing disease transmission. The behaviors whose evolution could have been influenced by pathogen effects include group size, group isolation, mixed species flocking, migration, seasonal sociality, social avoidance, and dominance behaviors. Mate choice, mating system, and sexual selection are put in a new light when examined in terms of disease transmission. It is concluded that pathogen avoidance is a more powerful selective force than has heretofore been recognized.

  8. Respiratory and Reproductive Characteristics of Eastern Mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki) Inhabiting a Coal Ash Settling Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, William A.

    ) Inhabiting a Coal Ash Settling Basin B. P. Staub, W. A. Hopkins, J. Novak, J. D. Congdon Savannah River 2002/Accepted: 29 March 2002 Abstract. Coal fly ash and effluent from coal ash settling basins viable populations in areas contaminated by coal ash. While eastern mosquitofish are present

  9. Sulfur determination in blood from inhabitants of Brazil using neutron activation analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oliveira, Laura C.; Zamboni, Cibele B.

    2013-05-06

    In this study the NAA technique was applied to analyze sulfur in blood from inhabitants of Brazil for the proposition of an indicative interval. The measurements were performed considering lifestyle factors (non-smokers, non-drinkers and no history of toxicological exposure) of Brazilian inhabitants. The influence of gender was also investigated considering several age ranges (18-29, 30-39, 40-49, >50 years). These data are useful in clinical investigations, to identify or prevent diseases caused by inadequate sulfur ingestion and for nutritional evaluation of Brazilian population.

  10. INTRODUCTION Many fishes inhabit complex underwater environments and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flammang, Brooke

    3084 INTRODUCTION Many fishes inhabit complex underwater environments and navigating through detection for fishes inhabiting complex littoral environments (Coombs and Van Netten, 2005; Stewart et al (Vinyard and O'Brien, 1976). In low-light or dark conditions, fish may rely more heavily on sensory input

  11. Embracing the shadows : inhabitation of an infrastructural landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luther, Rebecca M. (Rebecca Marie), 1976-

    2004-01-01

    This thesis embraces the slots of space left behind by regional transportation infrastructure: It proposes an inhabitation of the places over, under and within existing enclaves and impasses, through an engagement of the ...

  12. A Shared Population of Epidemic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus 15 Circulates in Humans and Companion Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Ewan M.; Weinert, Lucy A.; Holden, Matthew T. G.

    2014-05-13

    .org/misc/reprints.xhtmlInformation about commercial reprint orders: m bio.asm .org o n July 15, 2014 - Published by m bio.asm .org D ow nloaded from m bio.asm .org o n July 15, 2014 - Published by m bio.asm .org D ow nloaded from A Shared Population of Epidemic Methicillin... 00985-13 ® mbio.asm.org 1 m bio.asm .org o n July 15, 2014 - Published by m bio.asm .org D ow nloaded from alence of MRSA colonization of cats appears to be lower than that for dogs, with reported carriage rates of 0 to 4% (18), including 1...

  13. Animation Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Animations include dynamic elements such as interactive images and games. For developing animations, follow these design and coding requirements.

  14. Perceptual Modeling for Behavioral Animation of Fishes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toronto, University of

    Perceptual Modeling for Behavioral Animation of Fishes Xiaoyuan Tu Demetri Terzopoulos Department worlds. We have created a virtual marine world inhabited by artificial fishes which can swim hydrody­ namically in simulated water through the motor control of internal muscles. Artificial fishes exploit

  15. Bioaccumulation of cesium-137 in yellow bullhead catfish (Ameiurus natalis) inhabiting an abandoned nuclear reactor reservoir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCreedy, C.D.; Glickman, L.T.; Jagoe, C.H.; Brisbin, I.L. Jr.

    1997-02-01

    Bioaccumulation of {sup 137}Cs was investigated in yellow bullhead catfish (Ameiurus natalis) inhabiting an abandoned reactor reservoir, Pond B, Savannah River Site, Barnwell Co., South Carolina. The authors collected fish by trap-netting, and determined ages from pectoral spines. Muscle and other tissues were assayed for {sup 137}Cs by NaI-scintillation. Music {sup 137}Cs was unrelated to sex or mass of fish, but was related to age. Examination of least-squares means suggested that {sup 137}Cs in muscle increased up to about age 3, but did not increase with greater age. A modified Richards model showed equilibrium {sup 137}Cs concentration in muscle was acquired in approximately 2.4 years. Growth differed between sexes and the time to asymptotic body mass was longer than the time to attain equilibrium {sup 137}Cs concentration. Males attained an asymptotic mass of 577 g in approximately 6.3 years; females attained an asymptotic mass of 438 g in approximately 5.9 years. The cumulative {sup 137}Cs burden of the population was 4.9 {times} 10{sup 6} Bq, representing <0.001% of the {sup 137}Cs inventory of the reservoir. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs varied among tissues with gill and muscle the lowest and highest. Concentration of {sup 137}Cs in ovaries declined with increasing ovary mass. Until equilibrium is attained in these fish, {sup 137}Cs concentration is directly related to increasing age rather than size.

  16. A comparison of genetic variation between Black-Crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) populations from contaminated and reference sites 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Danielle Summer

    2007-04-25

    I examined genetic variation for two populations of Black-crowned Night Herons using a 467 base pair region of the mitochondrial DNA. One population inhabits an environment highly impacted by industrial waste, heavy metals, and urbanization; while...

  17. Screen Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMahon, Laura

    2015-03-01

    into the space of human fiction the particular charge of the real.11 These overt and visible links between animal death and film aesthetics mask a still more material yet less visible sacrificial economy at work. Pointing to the use of gelatin in the production...

  18. Hide / Show Animal Ethics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    . Administration B. Requested Modification C. Animal Use & Numbers D. Animal Housing E. Animal Location F. Administration B. Requested Modification C. Animal Use & Numbers D. Animal Housing E. Animal Location FHide / Show Animal Ethics Modification for Approved Application You are here: Animal Ethics

  19. Global Atmospheric Change and Animal Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contaminants. In the mid 1800s, with the advent of the industrial revolution, greenhouse gas levels started unabated since the beginning of the industrial age. (Courtesy of Hannes Grobe) Key Greenhouse Gasses Carbon

  20. Identifying Inhabitants of an Intelligent Environment Using a GraphBased Data Mining System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    of the MavHome smart home project is to build an intelligent home environment that is aware of its­class learning version of Subdue and show some preliminary results on synthetic smart home activity data and application motivate us to construct a smart home that provides maximum comfort to its inhabitants. One use

  1. Exploring The Responsibilities Of Single-Inhabitant Smart Homes With Use Cases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsland, Stephen

    Exploring The Responsibilities Of Single- Inhabitant Smart Homes With Use Cases Paul Lyons1 to the field of requirements analysis for Smart Homes. It introduces Use Cases as a tool for exploring the responsibilities of Smart Homes and it proposes a modification of the conventional Use Case structure to suit

  2. A RAPID IDENTIFICATION GUIDE FOR LARVAE OF THE MOST COMMON NORTH AMERICAN CONTAINER-INHABITING AEDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as chikungunya (CHIK), dengue (DEN), La Crosse (LAC), West Nile (WN), and yellow fever (YF). Multivoltine Aedes-INHABITING AEDES SPECIES OF MEDICAL IMPORTANCE ARY FARAJOLLAHI1,2 AND DANA C. PRICE1 ABSTRACT. Mosquitoes. japonicus). KEY WORDS Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes japonicus, container mosquitoes, identification

  3. early 800 native fish species in 36 families inhabit the freshwater rivers, streams, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    N early 800 native fish species in 36 families inhabit the freshwater rivers, streams, and lakes of the United States and Canada. North America has the most diverse temperate freshwater fish fauna in the world. Only about 5 percent of these are the familiar sport or game fishes like trout and bass. The remaining

  4. DNA extraction techniques for DNA barcoding of minute gall-inhabiting wasps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    extraction methods were compared to determine their efficacy in isolating DNA. Success of each methodDNA extraction techniques for DNA barcoding of minute gall-inhabiting wasps GUDRUN DITTRICH, South Africa Abstract DNA extraction from minute hymenopterans and their larvae is difficult

  5. Animal Testing Medical Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    Arondsen Marit Gystøl #12;ZO-8091 Forsøksdyrlære Animal experiments in medical research NTNU ­ Norges ..................................................................................................................................................... 14 #12;ZO-8091 Forsøksdyrlære Animal experiments in medical research NTNU ­ Norges Teknisk have come from animal research. Animal research is defined as the use of non-human animals

  6. Department of ANIMAL SCIENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Department of Animal science contributes to research-based knowledge on livestock, environment, bioenergy

  7. DMBC: Animated Gifs Demo: Animated .Gifs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stowell, Michael

    Opacity o Effects · Save for Web o GIF o Looping Options Video-Based Gifs · Video Capture · Video as an animated .gif file through the Save for Web menu option, upload it to the server, and link to it from your the file as an animated .gif file through the Save for Web menu option, upload it to the server, and link

  8. Producing computer facial animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehlert, Erik Wulf

    1998-01-01

    animation. A description of current state of the art provides current achievements by academic and industrial labs as well as individual artists. A tutorial focusing on modeling, texturing, and setting up animation controls for a facial model offers step...

  9. Serologic survey for disease in endangered San Joaquin kit fox, Vulpes macrotis mutica, inhabiting the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve, Kern County, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCue, P.M.; O'Farrell, T.P.

    1986-07-01

    Serum from endangered San Joaquin kit foxes, Vulpes macrotis mutica, and sympatric wildlife inhabiting the Elk Hills Petroleum Reserve, Kern County, and Elkhorn Plain, San Luis Obispo County, California, was collected in 1981 to 1982 and 1984, and tested for antibodies against 10 infectious disease pathogens. Proportions of kit fox sera containing antibodies against diseases were: canine parvovirus, 100% in 1981 to 1982 and 67% in 1984; infectious canine hepatitis, 6% in 1981 to 1982 and 21% in 1984; canine distemper, 0 in 1981 to 1982 and 14% in 1984; tularemia, 8% in 1981 to 1982 and 31% in 1984; Brucella abortus, 8% in 1981 to 1982 and 3% in 1984; Brucella canis, 14% in 1981 to 1982 and 0 in 1984; toxoplasmosis, 6% in 1981 to 1982; coccidioidomycosis, 3% in 1981 to 1982; and plague and leptospirosis, 0 in 1981 to 1982. High population density, overlapping home ranges, ability to disperse great distances, and infestation by ectoparasites were cited as possible factors in the transmission and maintenance of these diseases in kit fox populations.

  10. The blue crab Callinectes sapidus inhabits estuarine environments that range in salinity from full-strength sea water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinsey, Stephen

    The blue crab Callinectes sapidus inhabits estuarine environments that range in salinity from full euryhaline organisms, blue crabs have evolved compensatory mechanisms to minimize perturbations to the intracellular environment during osmotic stress. While the hemolymph of blue crabs fluctuates iso- osmotically

  11. Identification of Lifestyle Behavior Patterns with Prediction of the Happiness of an Inhabitant in a Smart Home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    in a Smart Home Vikramaditya R. Jakkula, G. Michael Youngblood and Diane J. Cook Department of Computer to monitor an inhabitant's in-home activity. We examine how smart homes can be used to detect behavioral their independent living styles and the increase in healthcare costs, the need for, smart and cost effective, in-home

  12. A Heterogeneous Animated Platform for Educational Participatory Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomlinson, Bill

    by populations of 3D animated virtual creatures. When a human participant brings one of the mobile devices (a as an educational tool. Keywords: Human-Computer Interaction, Handheld/Mobile Devices, Virtual/3D EnvironmentsA Heterogeneous Animated Platform for Educational Participatory Simulations Bill Tomlinson ACE

  13. CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    i CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS Jan M. Allbeck A DISSERTATION in Computer, and a scholar. #12;iv ABSTRACT CREATING 3D ANIMATED HUMAN BEHAVIORS FOR VIRTUAL WORLDS Jan M. Allbeck Norman I. Badler Creating virtual scenarios that simulate a substantial human population with typical and varied

  14. Animal representations and animal remains at Çatalhöyük

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Nerissa; Meece, Stephanie

    2006-01-01

    (Level VII). Volcano above town plan, leopard skin above geometric design, or other representations? Level VI paintings lack fully convinc­ ing animal depictions. A patch of painting on the east wall of building VIA.66 includes a number of geomet­ ric... the centrepieces of the north walls of two rather similar buildings. In a sense they parallel the situation in the faunal assemblage, where cattle are not terribly common, but figure prominently in cer­ emonial consumption (see Russell & Martin, Volume 4...

  15. Environmentally friendly animal litter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chett, Boxley; McKelvie, Jessica

    2013-08-20

    A method of making an animal litter that includes geopolymerized ash, wherein, the animal litter is made from a quantity of a pozzolanic ash mixed with a sufficient quantity of water and an alkaline activator to initiate a geopolymerization reaction that forms geopolymerized ash. After the geopolymerized ash is formed, it is dried, broken into particulates, and sieved to a desired size. These geopolymerized ash particulates are used to make a non-clumping or clumping animal litter. Odor control may be accomplished with the addition of a urease inhibitor, pH buffer, an odor eliminating agent, and/or fragrance.

  16. The role of plants and animals in isolation barriers at Hanford, Washington

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Link, S.O.; Cadwell, L.L.; Petersen, K.L.; Sackschewsky, M.R.; Landeen, D.S.

    1995-09-01

    The Hanford Site Surface Barrier Development Program was organized in 1985 to test the effectiveness of various barrier designs in minimizing the effects of water infiltration; plant, animal, and human intrusion; and wind and water erosion on buried wastes, and in minimizing the emanation of noxious gases. Plants will serve to minimize drainage and erosion, but present,the potential for growing roots into wastes. Animals burrow holes into the soil, and the burrow holes could allow water to preferentially drain into the waste. They also bring soil to the surface which, if wastes are incorporated, could present a risk for the dispersion of wastes into the environment. This report reviews work done to assess the role of plants and animals in isolation barriers at Hanford. It also reviews work done to understand the potential effects from climate change on the plants and animals that may inhabit barriers in the future.

  17. Animal Industries - 10 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2006-06-02

    Concentrated animal feeding operations such as cattle feedlots and dairies produce a large amount of manure, cattle biomass (CB), which may lead to land, water, and air pollution if waste handling systems and storage and ...

  18. Spatial and temporal distribution patterns of nectar-inhabiting yeasts: how different floral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    investigations have further shown that yeast metabolism alters nectar properties by decreasing its total sugar across six populations located along an altitudinal gradient. Variance partitioning techni- ques were it has become gradually more apparent that yeast metabolism alters the physicochemical properties

  19. Animation Requirements for the Web

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Animations include dynamic elements such as interactive images and games. For developing animations, follow the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE's) design and coding requirements.

  20. Rituals Related to Animal Cults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dodson, Aidan

    2009-01-01

    house votive cat mummies (Photo courtesy of Aidan Dodson). Rituals Related to AnimalGolden House Publications. Rituals Related to Animal Cults,

  1. Composting Large Animal Carcasses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auvermann, Brent W.; Mukhtar, Saqib; Heflin, Kevin

    2006-10-31

    and Kevin Heflin* Livestock producers and large-animal veterinar- ians face a growing problem in rural Texas?what to do with dead animals. Rendering services are getting more expensive and harder to come by, and just leav- ing carcasses to predators... set up a polyethylene tank to hold water and rig it with a float valve so that it stays ?topped off? and ready. If one of your stock tanks stays wet year-round, you can simply lay a suction line with a foot valve into the middle of the pond...

  2. Plants & Animals Insects (and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reece, Sarah

    . However, what looks like a team effort is in fact each animal jostling to get to the middle of the group model citizens, too. Unlike herds of bison or shoals of fish -- where individuals may appear to be team involved are united in a common purpose. Dr Andy Gardner, from the School of Biological Sciences

  3. Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Animal Handlers WARNING! Exposure to animals or animal products in the workplace can cause asthma cause asthma and allergies. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) requestsALERT Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers January 1998 DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97

  4. Diachonic DNA Analyses of Animal Breeds and Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campana, Michael Gray

    2011-04-30

    parchment manufacture. Journal of Archaeological Science. 37: 1317–1325. CAMPANA, M.G., C.M. WHITTEN, C.J. EDWARDS, F. STOCK, A.M. MURPHY, M.M. BINNS, G.W.W. BARKER & M.A. BOWER. Accepted 2010. Accurate determination of phenotypic information from... …………………………………National Institute for Agricultural Botany (Cambridge) nuDNA………………………………………………………..Nuclear Deoxyribonucleic Acid numt………………………………………………...Nuclear-inserted Mitochondrial Sequence PCR………………………………………………………………..Polymerase Chain Reaction PTB……………………………………………………………N...

  5. SERVICE ANIMAL PROTOCOL Service animals are animals trained to assist people with disabilities in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    that house equipment that may be harmful to animals. Areas where protective clothing is necessary- Will be in accordance with The City of Bozeman. Health- The animal must be in good health. Animals to be housed in University Housing must have a clean bill of health from a licensed veterinarian. Leash- The animal must

  6. Anim. Behav., 1995, 49, 12591267 Sustained vigilance and animal performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dukas, Reuven

    Anim. Behav., 1995, 49, 1259­1267 Sustained vigilance and animal performance REUVEN DUKAS & COLIN W the importance of sustained vigilance for animal performance, we present here a set of simple models cannot sustain vigilance for an extended period of time. The consequent vigilance decrement implies

  7. Emergency Animal Management during Disasters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dement, Angela

    2006-10-23

    This publication explains how communities and counties can incorporate animal issues into their emergency management plans. It explains what local plans should include, what role county Extension agents can play, and how animal management plans can...

  8. A Computational Theory of Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Kenneth M.

    A system is proposed capable of generating narrative computer animation in response to a simple script. The major problem addressed is how to imbed into the system some of the knowledge that animators use when creating ...

  9. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    survival surgery of USDA-covered animals include: BEB 311, BEB 313, and BRB 369 (sheep only). a. Note

  10. Journal of Animal Ecology 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2004 73, 342­352 © 2004 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, reproductive value, sex allocation, sex-dependent mortality, varia- ble environment. Journal of Animal Ecology manipulation in kestrels © 2004 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 342­352 van

  11. RESEARCH OR TEACHING INVOLVING ANIMALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victoria, University of

    Page 1 RESEARCH OR TEACHING INVOLVING ANIMALS University Policy No: RH8110 Classification: Research Approving Authority: Vice-President Research Effective date: June, 2014 Supersedes: December, 2010 Last for Conducting Research or Teaching Involving Animals Animal Care Committee Terms of Reference PURPOSE 1

  12. Pathology waste includes: Transgenic animals.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    -takes" in the production of transgenic animals, and off-spring of transgenic animals. · Recognizable human anatomical parts specimens. · Human tissues that have been fixed in formaldehyde or other fixatives*. · Animal carcasses or tissues that have been fixed in formaldehyde or other fixatives*. * All tissues or carcasses that have

  13. Journal of Animal Ecology 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotelli, Nicholas J.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2003 72, 1015­1026 © 2003 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, positive interactions, rarefaction. Journal of Animal Ecology (2003) 72, 1015­1026 Introduction After Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 1015­1026 available to other colonizing species (Gallagher et al

  14. Journal of Animal Ecology 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trexler, Joel C.

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2005 © 2005 British Ecological Society Blackwell Publishing, Ltd Everglades, Moran effect, spatial synchrony. Journal of Animal Ecology (2005) doi: 10.1111/j.1365-mail: cruetz@sigmaxi.org #12;2 C. R. Ruetz et al. © 2005 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology

  15. Preventing Asthma in Animal Handlers Exposure to animals or animal products in the workplace can cause asthma and allergies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the workplace can cause asthma and allergies. Animal handlers should take steps to protect themselves fromPreventing Asthma in Animal Handlers WARNING! Exposure to animals or animal products

  16. Taxonomy and phylogeny of new wood-and soil-inhabiting Sporothrix species in the Ophiostoma stenoceras-Sporothrix schenckii complex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taxonomy and phylogeny of new wood- and soil-inhabiting Sporothrix species in the Ophiostoma pathogen S. schenckii and various fungi associated with insects and sap stain of wood. A survey of fungi from wood utility poles in South Africa yielded two distinct groups of Sporothrix isolates from

  17. Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic between the continents of Europe, America, and the Arctic.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    Iceland is a small democratic state of nearly 300,000 inhabitants that sits in the North Atlantic for innovation of global significance, the small island nation of Iceland has assumed near iconic status in one entrepreneurial vision, Iceland's genomic innovations have helped transform med- ical and genealogical information

  18. This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier, and the attached copy is provided by Elsevier for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pinter-Wollman, Noa

    This article was originally published in the Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior published by Elsevier.) Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior, volume 3, pp. 308-314 Oxford: Academic Press. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights bridges the fields of animal behavior, population ecology, and conservation biology. For example, animal

  19. Journal of Animal Ecology 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2002 71, 23­31 © 2002 British Ecological Society Blackwell Science Ltd, cyclic variation in food abundance, differential mortality, reproductive effort, senescence. Journal@utu.fi #12;© 2002 British Ecological Society, Journal of Animal Ecology, 71, 23­31 24 T. Laaksonen, E

  20. Journal of Animal Ecology 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laaksonen, Toni

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2007 76, 1045­1052 © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British-words: density effect, Ficedula hypoleuca, long-term trend, Parus major, timing of breeding. Journal of Animal@utu.fi #12;1046 M. P. Ahola et al. © 2007 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2007 British Ecological Society

  1. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Fangliang

    and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK between species of different colonization status. Indeed, virtually all variation about the bivariate distribution, spatial variance, Taylor's power law. Journal of Animal Ecology (2006) 75, 646­656 doi: 10.1111/j

  2. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aberdeen, University of

    Journal of Animal Ecology 2006 75, 456­465 © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2006 British-words: correlated random walk, first-passage time, search paths, spatial scale. Journal of Animal Ecology (2006) 75-mail: h.bailey@abdn.ac.uk #12;457 Movementpatterns and foraging © 2006 The Authors. Journal compilation

  3. Enclosure for small animals during awake animal imaging

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goddard, Jr., James S

    2013-11-26

    An enclosure or burrow restrains an awake animal during an imaging procedure. A tubular body, made from a radiolucent material that does not attenuate x-rays or gamma rays, accepts an awake animal. A proximal end of the body includes an attachment surface that corresponds to an attachment surface of an optically transparent and optically uniform window. An anti-reflective coating may be applied to an inner surface, an outer surface, or both surfaces of the window. Since the window is a separate element of the enclosure and it is not integrally formed as part of the body, it can be made with optically uniform thickness properties for improved motion tracking of markers on the animal with a camera during the imaging procedure. The motion tracking information is then used to compensate for animal movement in the image.

  4. Environmentally-friendly animal litter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boxley, Chett; McKelvie, Jessica

    2012-08-28

    An animal litter composition including geopolymerized ash particulates having a network of repeating aluminum-silicon units is described herein. Generally, the animal litter is made from a quantity of a pozzolanic ash mixed with a sufficient quantity of water and an alkaline activator to initiate a geopolymerization reaction that forms geopolymerized ash. After the geopolymerized ash is formed, it is dried, broken into particulates, and sieved to a desired size. These geopolymerized ash particulates are used to make a non-clumping or clumping animal litter. Odor control is accomplished with the addition of a urease inhibitor, pH buffer, an odor eliminating agent, and/or fragrance.

  5. Environmentally-friendly animal litter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Boxley, Chett; McKelvie, Jessica

    2013-09-03

    An animal litter composition that includes geopolymerized ash particulates having a network of repeating aluminum-silicon units is described herein. Generally, the animal litter is made from a quantity of a pozzolanic ash mixed with an alkaline activator to initiate a geopolymerization reaction that forms geopolymerized ash. This geopolymerization reaction may occur within a pelletizer. After the geopolymerized ash is formed, it may be dried and sieved to a desired size. These geopolymerized ash particulates may be used to make a non-clumping or clumping animal litter or other absorbing material. Aluminum sulfate, clinoptilolite, silica gel, sodium alginate and mineral oil may be added as additional ingredients.

  6. 2nd Edition Institutional Animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    2nd Edition 2002 Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee Guidebook #12;2nd Edition 2002 ....................................................................... 83 C.1. Fundamental Issues .............................................................. 85 C.2. Agricultural Research............................................... 121 C.3.b. Antibody Production

  7. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    IN ANIMAL BIOSAFETY SUITE ROOM 305 BEB 1.0 Purpose: The Biosafety suite is designed as a Bio and principal investigator personnel entering Suite 305 BEB. 3.0 Procedure: 3.1. Procedures within 305 suite. A

  8. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    , ENTRY, AND EXIT PROCEDURES FOR THE ANIMAL BIOSAFETY SUITE ROOM 305 BEB 1.0 Purpose: The Biosafety suite and principal investigator personnel entering Suite 305 BEB. 3.0 Procedure: 3.1 Access Requirements: A. The ABSL

  9. Population Analysis, Fall 2005 1 Population Analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, William R.

    Population Analysis, Fall 2005 1 Population Analyses EEOB/AEcl 611 Fall Semester 2005 Scheduled's, including MARK, SAS, DISTANCE, and others. We'll often use the "recitation session" to get you started Cooch and Gary White #12;Population Analysis, Fall 2005 2 2001) that can also be downloaded from Evan

  10. Journal of Animal Ecology 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, John D.

    of distribution due to thermal stratification during the summer. However, plaice from the northern North Sea did, spatial dynamics, thermal stratification. Journal of Animal Ecology (2004) 73, 377­385 Introduction Long non-breeding season. Two clusters were in warm, thermally mixed water in the eastern and western North

  11. Population and habitat on the feudal domain iria at the beginning of the XVIth century Eugen Ghita Populaie i habitat pe domeniul cetii iria la nceputul secolului al XVI lea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Population and habitat on the feudal domain iria at the beginning of the XVIth century Eugen Ghita and habitat on the feudal domain iria at the beginning of the XVIth century" is based on a statistical feudal domain in Transylvania in the middle Ages. The 8152 inhabitants, where nearly 90% for them

  12. Interactive crayon rendering for animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halstead, Howard John IV

    2006-04-12

    graphics community: non-photorealistic ren- dering. But what exactly is non-photorealistic rendering (NPR)? Confusion arises due to the fact that NPR is defined in terms of what it is not: photorealistic rendering. The goal of non-photorealistic rendering...-photorealistic rendering in terms of the images it pro- duces. Research in non-photorealism has produced images that emulate watercolor, oil paints, pen-and-ink illustrations, pencil renderings, technical illustration, and cel animation among others. Many NPR systems...

  13. Journal of Animal Ecology 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillingham, Michael

    British Columbia, 3333 University Way, Prince George, BC, Canada, V2N 4Z9; and *Ministry of Environment, 4051 18th Avenue, Prince George, BC, Canada, V2N 1B3 Summary 1. Johnson et al. (Journal of Animal, Prince George, BC, V2N 4Z9, Canada. E-mail: johnsoch@unbc.ca #12;304 C. J. Johnson et al. © 2006

  14. The use of vasectomy in stray cat population control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahlow, Jane Caryl

    1995-01-01

    : Margaret R. Slater (Chair of committee) Harry . Soothe (Member) Leon H. Russell (Member) Gerald Bratton (Head of Department) May 1995 Major Subject: Veterinary public Health ABSTRACT The Use of Vasectomy in Stray Cat Population Control. (May... 1995) Jane Caryl Mahlow, B. S. , College of St. Francis; D. V. M. , University of Illinois Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Margaret R. Slater Despite concerted efforts by animal control agencies and animal welfare advocates, stray cats continue...

  15. Animal madness : a natural history of disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Braitman, Laurel

    2013-01-01

    Beginning in the late 19 th century, changing conceptions of relatedness between people and other animals -- and animals' assumed capacities for, or susceptibilities to, mental or emotional distress-- were influenced by ...

  16. Speed-line for 3D animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Won Chan

    2007-04-25

    My thesis describes a tool which creates speed-lines automatically in 3D computer animations. Speed-lines are usually used in comic books to express fast motions in a still image. They are also used in 2D animations. Although animations don't need...

  17. Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Animations, & Audio Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio Web Requirements Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio Web...

  18. Cadherin evolution and the origin of animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abedin, Monika

    2010-01-01

    of Opisthokonta and the evolution of multicellularity and2000). Origin and evolution of the colonial volvocales (King, N. , (2006). Early evolution of animal cell signaling

  19. For more information: Department of Animal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    , and pharmaceutical research. ¾¾ Companion/laboratory animal management. Our academic program offers a degree production supervisor · Farm manager · K-12 teacher · USDA inspector · Pharmaceutical representative #12;

  20. Fuel Cell Animation- Chemical Process (Text Version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This text version of the fuel cell animation demonstrates how a fuel cell uses hydrogen to produce electricity, with only water and heat as byproducts.

  1. The Skin Microbiome in Healthy and Allergic Dogs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Aline Rodrigues; Patterson, Adam P.; Diesel, Alison; Lawhon, Sara D.; Ly, Hoai Jaclyn; Stephenson, Christine Elkins; Mansell, Joanne; Steiner, Jö rg M.; Dowd, Scot E.; Olivry, Thierry; Suchodolski, Jan S.

    2014-01-08

    Changes in the microbial populations on the skin of animals have traditionally been evaluated using conventional microbiology techniques. The sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes has revealed that the human skin is inhabited by a highly diverse...

  2. Animal rights organisations in Norway and their work against

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    Animal rights organisations in Norway and their work against animal experiments Dyreforsøkslære ZO............................................................................................................................ 4 2. Organisations against animal experiments in Norway ........................................................................................ 7 2.4 Animal Liberation Front In Norway

  3. An Architecture for Motion Capture Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    An Architecture for Motion Capture Animation Fernando Wagner da Silva Luiz Velho Jonas Gomes Paulo System's Architecture q Conclusions q Future work / Work in progress General Outline #12;q Motion systems Our Motivation #12;q MoCap as main animation tool q Modular architecture (Input, Processing

  4. Animating Sand as a Fluid Yongning Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fournier, John J.F.

    Animating Sand as a Fluid by Yongning Zhu B.Sc., Peking University, 2003 A THESIS SUBMITTED;Abstract My thesis presents a physics-based simulation method for animating sand. To allow for efficiently scaling up to large volumes of sand, we abstract away the individual grains and think of the sand

  5. Animating Sand as a Fluid Yongning Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschner, Matthias

    Animating Sand as a Fluid Yongning Zhu University of British Columbia Robert Bridson University of British Columbia Figure 1: The Stanford bunny is simulated as water and as sand. Abstract We present a physics-based simulation method for animating sand. To allow for efficiently scaling up to large volumes

  6. Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Güdükbay, Ugur

    7 Modeling, Animation, and Rendering of Human Figures Ugur G¨ud¨ukbay, B¨ulent ¨Ozg¨u¸c, Aydemir, Ankara, Turkey Human body modeling and animation has long been an important and challenging area virtual humans in action: video games, films, television, virtual reality, ergonomics, medicine

  7. Category Description Study of animals and animal life, including the study of the structure,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, Robin L.

    and economical machines and systems. Energy and Transportation The study of renewable energy sources, energy of the structure, physiology, development, and classification of animals. Animal ecology, physiology, animal Science Fair Project Categories ­ 2008 High School (9th -12th ) #12;2 Category Description Engineering

  8. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2002, 63, 11431151 doi:10.1006/anbe.2002.3011, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beecher, Michael

    ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 2002, 63, 1143­1151 doi:10.1006/anbe.2002.3011, available online at http in populations with low song type sharing. 2002 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published & Young 1986; Shackleton et al. 1991; Horn et al. 1992). Most studies of song matching to date have been

  9. A Reality Emulator Featuring Autonomous Virtual Pedestrians and its Application to Distributed Visual Surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    station populated by self-animating virtual humans. Abstract A Reality Emulator--i.e., a computer simulated world that ap- proaches the complexity and realism of the real world, inhabited by virtual humans- proaches the complexity and realism of the real world, inhabited by virtual humans that look, move

  10. Parallel grid population

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wald, Ingo; Ize, Santiago

    2015-07-28

    Parallel population of a grid with a plurality of objects using a plurality of processors. One example embodiment is a method for parallel population of a grid with a plurality of objects using a plurality of processors. The method includes a first act of dividing a grid into n distinct grid portions, where n is the number of processors available for populating the grid. The method also includes acts of dividing a plurality of objects into n distinct sets of objects, assigning a distinct set of objects to each processor such that each processor determines by which distinct grid portion(s) each object in its distinct set of objects is at least partially bounded, and assigning a distinct grid portion to each processor such that each processor populates its distinct grid portion with any objects that were previously determined to be at least partially bounded by its distinct grid portion.

  11. Visualizing Diurnal Population Change in Urban Areas for Emergency Management

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobayashi, Tetsuo; Medina, Richard M; Cova, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    There is an increasing need for a quick, simple method to represent diurnal population change in metropolitan areas for effective emergency management and risk analysis. Many geographic studies rely on decennial U.S. Census data that assume that urban populations are static in space and time. This has obvious limitations in the context of dynamic geographic problems. The U.S. Department of Transportation publishes population data at the transportation analysis zone level in fifteen-minute increments. This level of spatial and temporal detail allows for improved dynamic population modeling. This article presents a methodology for visualizing and analyzing diurnal population change for metropolitan areas based on this readily available data. Areal interpolation within a geographic information system is used to create twenty-four (one per hour) population surfaces for the larger metropolitan area of Salt Lake County, Utah. The resulting surfaces represent diurnal population change for an average workday and are easily combined to produce an animation that illustrates population dynamics throughout the day. A case study of using the method to visualize population distributions in an emergency management context is provided using two scenarios: a chemical release and a dirty bomb in Salt Lake County. This methodology can be used to address a wide variety of problems in emergency management.

  12. 9.20 Animal Behavior, Fall 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Gerald E.

    Most of the major categories of adaptive behavior can be seen in all animals. This course begins with the evolution of behavior, the driver of nervous system evolution, reviewed using concepts developed in ethology, ...

  13. Evolutionary analysis of animal microRNAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerra Martins dos Santos Assunção, José Afonso

    2013-01-08

    In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been recognised as important genetic regulators of gene expression in Animals and Plants. They can potentially target a large fraction of the cellular transcriptome, having been shown to be important...

  14. Perception Based Character Modeling and Animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higa, Mitsutoshi

    1999-01-01

    This thesis explores how humans identify sex (male or female) and judge gender (masculine or feminine) and attractiveness of a computer animated walker. Hip and shoulder movements during the walk cycle and waist-to-hip ...

  15. Animals on Campus Responsible Administrative Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    areas housing hazardous materials or machinery. 3.3 Except for trained service animals1 and fish: March 5, 2013 Page 2 of 2 3.4 Aquariums no larger than 30 gallons containing fish or turtles

  16. Creation of Computer Animation from Story Descriptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Kenneth Michael

    1979-08-01

    This report describes a computer system that creates simple computer animation in response to high-level, vague, and incomplete descriptions of films. It makes its films by collecting and evaluating suggestions from ...

  17. Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795 A course in the Program in Population Health Fall 2012 University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health The lecture in medicine and public health, inequities in health persist. Understanding health on a population level

  18. Object oriented framework for character animation and design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devoy, Erin

    2013-02-22

    Three-dimensional computer character animation is becoming more and more prevalent in the entertainment industry. As the demand grows, so does the need for tools that allow animators to create animations quickly. In this thesis, we present a...

  19. International Conference on Computer Animation and Social Agents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    , Facial Animation; Social Agents: Social Agents and Avatars, Emotion and Personality, Virtual Humans Humans/Environments, Animation Analysis and Structuring, Anthropometric Virtual Human Models, Acquisition; Other Related Topics: Animation Compression and Transmission, Semantics and Ontologies for Virtual

  20. Population, Consumption & the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    consumes the 77 trillion barrels of oil energy equivalent per year ­ Fossil fuel consumption (oil, coal12/11/2009 1 Population, Consumption & the Environment Alex de Sherbinin Center for International of carbon in 2001 · The ecological footprint, a composite measure of consumption measured in hectares

  1. Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility For accessibility, Section 508 requires text...

  2. Polices for Controlling Groundwater Pollution from Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Jingjing

    2012-01-01

    1.3 Animal Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . .Animal Waste Management Strategies . . . . . . . . . . .3.2.2 Economic Submodel for Waste Management Crop Model 4.1

  3. Minutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team: Southern Regional Water Quality Project Animal Waste Management Topic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the Symposium on the State of the Science: Animal Manure and Waste Management Attended by: M. Risse (UGA), T. Doug Hamilton agreed to organize the workshop on "Management of Lagoons and liquid waste storage: Southern Animal and Waste Management Quarterly 2. Format & length: Electronic, pdf and MSWord (by request

  4. COMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2006; 17: 127140

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have been downloaded from the servers that host the virtual world, in order to start navigating a new 3D model in the world) or small but sent very frequently (such as the events relatedCOMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2006; 17: 127­140 Published online

  5. Languages and interfaces for facial animation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magnenat-Thalmann, N.

    1995-05-01

    This paper describes high-level tools for specifying, controlling, and synchronizing temporal and spatial characteristics for 3D animation of facial expressions. The proposed approach consists of hierarchical levels of controls. Specification of expressions, phonemes, emotions, sentences, and head movements by means of a high-level language is shown. The various aspects of synchronization are also emphasized. Then, association of the control different interactive devices and media which allows the animator greater flexibility and freedom, is discussed. Experiments with input accessories such as the keyboard of a music synthesizer and gestures from the DataGlove are illustrated.

  6. MSc WILD ANIMAL HEALTH / BIOLOGY CURRICULUM MANAGERS LIST Course Directors Mr Michael Waters / Dr Tony Sainsbury (ZSL)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daley, Monica A.

    MSc WILD ANIMAL HEALTH / BIOLOGY CURRICULUM MANAGERS LIST Course Directors Mr Michael Waters / Dr Tony Sainsbury (ZSL) Module Leader Module Dr Tony Sainsbury / Mr Michael Waters Conservation Biology Dr Tony Sainsbury / Mr Michael Waters The Impact of Disease on Populations Dr Tony Sainsbury / Mr Michael

  7. Bacterial Population Genetics in a Forensic Context

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velsko, S P

    2009-11-02

    This report addresses the recent Department of Homeland Security (DHS) call for a Phase I study to (1) assess gaps in the forensically relevant knowledge about the population genetics of eight bacterial agents of concern, (2) formulate a technical roadmap to address those gaps, and (3) identify new bioinformatics tools that would be necessary to analyze and interpret population genetic data in a forensic context. The eight organisms that were studied are B. anthracis, Y. pestis, F. tularensis, Brucella spp., E. coli O157/H7, Burkholderia mallei, Burkholderia pseudomallei, and C. botulinum. Our study focused on the use of bacterial population genetics by forensic investigators to test hypotheses about the possible provenance of an agent that was used in a crime or act of terrorism. Just as human population genetics underpins the calculations of match probabilities for human DNA evidence, bacterial population genetics determines the level of support that microbial DNA evidence provides for or against certain well-defined hypotheses about the origins of an infecting strain. Our key findings are: (1) Bacterial population genetics is critical for answering certain types of questions in a probabilistic manner, akin (but not identical) to 'match probabilities' in DNA forensics. (2) A basic theoretical framework for calculating likelihood ratios or posterior probabilities for forensic hypotheses based on microbial genetic comparisons has been formulated. This 'inference-on-networks' framework has deep but simple connections to the population genetics of mtDNA and Y-STRs in human DNA forensics. (3) The 'phylogeographic' approach to identifying microbial sources is not an adequate basis for understanding bacterial population genetics in a forensic context, and has limited utility, even for generating 'leads' with respect to strain origin. (4) A collection of genotyped isolates obtained opportunistically from international locations augmented by phylogenetic representations of relatedness will not and enzootic outbreaks noted through international outbreak surveillance systems, and 'representative' genetic sequences from each outbreak. (5) Interpretation of genetic comparisons between an attack strain and reference strains requires a model for the network structure of maintenance foci, enzootic outbreaks, and human outbreaks of that disease, coupled with estimates of mutational rate constants. Validation of the model requires a set of sequences from exemplary outbreaks and laboratory data on mutation rates during animal passage. The necessary number of isolates in each validation set is determined by disease transmission network theory, and is based on the 'network diameter' of the outbreak. (6) The 8 bacteria in this study can be classified into 4 categories based on the complexity of the transmission network structure of their natural maintenance foci and their outbreaks, both enzootic and zoonotic. (7) For B. anthracis, Y. pestis, E. coli O157, and Brucella melitensis, and their primary natural animal hosts, most of the fundamental parameters needed for modeling genetic change within natural host or human transmission networks have been determined or can be estimated from existing field and laboratory studies. (8) For Burkholderia mallei, plausible approaches to transmission network models exist, but much of the fundamental parameterization does not. In addition, a validated high-resolution typing system for characterizing genetic change within outbreaks or foci has not yet been demonstrated, although a candidate system exists. (9) For Francisella tularensis, the increased complexity of the transmission network and unresolved questions about maintenance and transmission suggest that it will be more complex and difficult to develop useful models based on currently available data. (10) For Burkholderia pseudomallei and Clostridium botulinum, the transmission and maintenance networks involve complex soil communities and metapopulations about which very little is known. It is not clear that these pathogens can be brought into the in

  8. Traces of natural radionuclides in animal food

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merli, Isabella Desan; Guazzelli da Silveira, Marcilei A.; Medina, Nilberto H.

    2014-11-11

    Naturally occurring radioactive materials are present everywhere, e.g., in soil, air, housing materials, food, etc. Therefore, human beings and animals receive internal exposure from radioactive elements inside their bodies through breathing and alimentation. Gamma radiation has enough energy to remove an electron from the atom and compromise the rearrangement of electrons in the search for a more stable configuration which can disturb molecule chemical bonding. Food ingestion is one of the most common forms of radioisotopes absorption. The goal of this work is the measurement of natural gamma radiation rates from natural radioisotopes present in animal food. To determine the concentration of natural radionuclides present in animal food gamma-ray spectrometry was applied. We have prepared animal food samples for poultry, fish, dogs, cats and cattle. The two highest total ingestion effective doses observed refers to a sample of mineral salt cattle, 95.3(15) ?Sv/year, rabbit chow, with a value of 48(5) ?Sv/year, and cattle mineral salt, with a value of 69(7) ?Sv/year, while the annual total dose value from terrestrial intake radionuclide is of the order of 290 ?Sv/year.

  9. Animal Care and Biosafety STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Animal Care and Biosafety Committee 1 STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES BUACBC-SOP-01 Fish technique for fish species. 1. Materials 1. Water, MS222TM A. Considerations 1. Tricane methanesulphonate (MS222TM) is one of the few anaesthetic registered for veterinary use on fish in Canada and has

  10. LOGISTIC POPULATION MODEL In the logistic population model ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-08-26

    In the logistic population model, the population growth rate obeys. dP dt. = r(1 ?. P c. )P, P(0) = P0. To solve this equation, we proceed as follow. dP dt. = r(1 ?. P.

  11. University Housing Service and Emotional Support Animals Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    1 University Housing Service and Emotional Support Animals Policy Syracuse University is committed, such as animal research laboratories and areas housing research or teaching animals, it may be necessary to ban animals. However, the University is also mindful of the health and safety concerns of the campus community

  12. Record Keeping and Care for Animals in Study Areas Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    to house animals full time and is registered with NIH and/or USDA Study area ­ an area where animals are housed outside an animal facility for more than 12 hours The IACUC is tasked with: 1. Having a policy. a. Those that are housed in an Animal Facility are tracked by Veterinary Services daily. Those

  13. How are mortality rates affected by population density?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lei; Di, Zengru; Roehner, Bertrand M

    2013-01-01

    Biologists have found that the death rate of cells in culture depends upon their spatial density. Permanent "Stay alive" signals from their neighbours seem to prevent them from dying. In a previous paper (Wang et al. 2013) we gave evidence for a density effect for ants. In this paper we examine whether there is a similar effect in human demography. We find that although there is no observable relationship between population density and overall death rates, there is a clear relationship between density and the death rates of young age-groups. Basically their death rates decrease with increasing density. However, this relationship breaks down around 300 inhabitants per square kilometre. Above this threshold the death rates remains fairly constant. The same density effect is observed in Canada, France, Japan and the United States. We also observe a striking parallel between the density effect and the so-called marital status effect in the sense that they both lead to higher suicide rates and are both enhanced fo...

  14. Assessment of plutonium exposure in the Enewetak population by urinalysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, L.C.; Meinhold, C.B.; Moorthy, A.R.

    1997-07-01

    Since 1980, the inhabitants of Enewetak Atoll have been monitored periodically by scientists from Brookhaven National Laboratory for internally deposited radioactive material. In 1989, the establishment of fission track analysis and of a protocol for shipboard collection of 24-h urine samples significantly improved our ability to assess the internal uptake of plutonium. The purpose of this report is to show the distribution of plutonium concentrations in urine collected in 1989 and 1991, and to assess the associated committed effective doses for the Enewetak population based on a long-term chronic uptake of low-level plutonium. To estimate dose, we derived the plutonium dose-per-unit-uptake coefficients based on the dosimetric system of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Assuming a continuous uptake, an integrated Jones`s plutonium urine excretion function was developed to interpret the Enewetak urine data. The Appendix shows how these values were derived. The committed effective doses were 0.2 mSv, calculated from the 1991 average plutonium content in 69 urine samples. 29 refs., 3 tabs.

  15. Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    1 Principles of Population Health Science Population Health 795 A course in the Program in Population Health Fall 2011 University of Wisconsin-Madison, School of Medicine and Public Health OVERVIEW Despite significant advances in medicine and public health, inequities in health persist. Understanding

  16. Population and Climate Change:Population and Climate Change: Coupling Population Models withCoupling Population Models with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Coupling Population Models with Earth System ModelsEarth System Models Eugenia Kalnay, Safa Motesharrei, Jorge Rivas Change: Fully Coupling Population and Earth System Models" My research at the U. of Maryland #12

  17. Population Density by County, 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2009-01-18

    Map showing a United States profile including race, population by sex and age, housing tenure, and more.

  18. POPULATION III HYPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smidt, Joseph; Whalen, Daniel J. [T-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Wiggins, Brandon K. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602 (United States); Even, Wesley; Fryer, Chris L. [CCS-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Johnson, Jarrett L., E-mail: dwhalen1999@gmail.com [XTD-PRI, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2014-12-20

    Population III supernovae have been of growing interest of late for their potential to directly probe the properties of the first stars, particularly the most energetic events that are visible near the edge of the observable universe. Until now, hypernovae, the unusually energetic Type Ib/c supernovae that are sometimes associated with gamma-ray bursts, have been overlooked as cosmic beacons at the highest redshifts. In this, the latest of a series of studies on Population III supernovae, we present numerical simulations of 25-50 M {sub ?} hypernovae and their light curves done with the Los Alamos RAGE and SPECTRUM codes. We find that they will be visible at z = 10-15 to the James Webb Space Telescope and z = 4-5 to the Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope, tracing star formation rates in the first galaxies and at the end of cosmological reionization. If, however, the hypernova crashes into a dense shell ejected by its progenitor, it is expected that a superluminous event will occur that may be seen at z ? 20 in the first generation of stars.

  19. Alien Species and Evolution: The Evolutionary Ecology of Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes and Interacting Native Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehrbass, Nana

    2005-01-01

    of Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes and Interacting Nativeof Exotic Plants, Animals, Microbes, and Interacting Native

  20. Is there a risk from not using GE animals?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, James D.; Maga, Elizabeth A.

    2010-01-01

    Is there a risk from not using GE animals? James D. Murray •rst genetically engi- neered (GE) plants and animals forthe debate often focuses on GE as a technique that is used

  1. Incorporating cinematic camera practice into the production of computer animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, Michael Patrick

    1998-01-01

    fundamentals of cinematic camerawork such as depth of held, camera movements, continuity, composition, etc. the computer animator is able to create a body of work that is not hindered by its method of creation. Computer animation is a technical process...

  2. Method and apparatus for animal positioning in imaging systems

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hadjioannou, Arion-Xenofon; Stout, David B.; Silverman, Robert W.

    2013-01-01

    An apparatus for imaging an animal includes a first mounting surface, a bed sized to support the animal and releasably secured to or integral with the first mounting surface. The apparatus also includes a plurality of straps, each having a first end in a fixed position relative to the bed and a second end for tightening around a limb of the animal. A method for in-vivo imaging of an animal includes providing an animal that has limbs, providing a first mounting surface, and providing a bed removably secured to or integral with the mounting surface and sized to support the animal as well as being coupled to a plurality of straps. The method also includes placing the animal on the bed between the plurality of straps and tightening at least two of the plurality of straps around at least two of the limbs such that the animal is substantially secured in place relative to the bed.

  3. Developmental genomics of the most dangerous animal Matthew P. Scott*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    Developmental genomics of the most dangerous animal Matthew P. Scott* Departments of Developmental as far and away the most dangerous animal to humans. Mos- quitoes also transmit numerous other infections

  4. Animating a cost effective character for an educational production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carnevale, Luke Anthony

    2004-11-15

    Animation is a powerful teaching tool. Ideas can be expressed through animation using only a fraction of the time needed with conventional teaching methods [John Halas 1987]. In short, a picture is worth a thousand words. ...

  5. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasperbauer, Tyler

    2014-04-17

    There are currently very few discussions of moral psychology in the animal ethics literature. This dissertation aims to fill this void. My main contention is that many theories in animal ethics hold mistaken views about ...

  6. A physically based approach to modeling and animating a sailboat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miniati, Maria Pia

    2000-01-01

    This thesis describes a method for modeling and animating a sailboat, by means of physically based techniques. Sailboats are excellent candidates for modeling and animating. Their dynamics have been well studied by nautical ...

  7. Fuel Cell Animation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy Services » ProgramPolicySenateFlyer, TitleGrantCell Animation Fuel

  8. THE STRUCTURE OF MARINE PHAGE POPULATIONS Karl Heinz Hoffmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salamon, Peter

    the world oceans. The MMWF controls the transfer of nutrients and energy to higher trophic levels (MMFW) is the consortium of heterotrophic and autotrophic prokaryotes and their predators which inhabit

  9. Removal of Animal Antibiotics for Potable Water Reclamation: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rita

    2015-01-01

    cattle (Colorado State University, 2004). This difference will affect the type of animal antibiotics found in the environment.

  10. Stable leader election in population protocols requires linear time David Doty David Soloveichik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, David

    case of Petri nets/vector addition systems [15,16], which were intro- duced in the 1960s as a model such as mobile sensor networks, they are a useful abstraction of "fast-mixing" physical systems such as animal populations [18], chemical reaction networks, and gene regulatory networks [7]. A PP is defined by a finite

  11. Catastrophic Animal Mortality Management (Burial Method) Technical Guidance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    , and protect air and water quality. TNRCC Rules require disposal of dead animals within 72 hours in a manner Conservation Service Texas State Soil and Water Conservation Board October 26, 2005 General Information of diseased animal carcasses. Texas law has separate requirements for disposal of animal carcasses when death

  12. Human Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Human Factors Aspects of Power System Flow Animation Douglas A. Wiegmann, Gavin R. Essenberg experimental results associated with human factors aspects of using animation to display electric power system. Index Terms--Power System Operations and Planning, Power System Visualization, Animation, Human Factors

  13. Learning to Gesture: Applying Appropriate Animations to Spoken Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    professional animators to choose appropriate animations for their virtual actors to perform as they act outLearning to Gesture: Applying Appropriate Animations to Spoken Text Nathan Nichols, Jiahui Liu learning system that learns to choose human gestures to accompany novel text. The system is trained

  14. Jacob -An Animated Instruction Agent in Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nijholt, Anton

    of a 3D virtual environment where an animated human- like agent called Jacob gives instructionJacob - An Animated Instruction Agent in Virtual Reality Marc Evers1, Anton Nijholt1 1 University of virtual reality techniques and in- volves the design and construction of an animated agent in a 3

  15. Composable Controllers for Physics-Based Character Animation Petros Faloutsos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terzopoulos, Demetri

    virtual hu- mans [3, 7], physics-based animated characters with a large reper- toire of motor skills have in coping with the enormous variety of controlled motions that humans and other animals may perform, littleComposable Controllers for Physics-Based Character Animation Petros Faloutsos½ Michiel van de Panne

  16. Related Work 2.1 Realism in Computer Animation Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, Inmaculada

    Chapter 2 Related Work 2.1 Realism in Computer Animation Techniques Realistic animation of human the motion are directly applied to the virtual human. Motion capture is typically used in video game. Amaya et al. designed a model to generate "emotional" animation from "neutral" human motion [Ama96

  17. Edinburgh Research Explorer Novel GM Animal Technologies and their Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Novel GM Animal Technologies and their Governance Citation for published version: Bruce, A, Castle, D, Gibbs, C, Tait, J & Whitelaw, B 2013, 'Novel GM Animal Technologies Statement: Bruce, A., Castle, D., Gibbs, C., Tait, J., & Whitelaw, B. (2013). Novel GM Animal Technologies

  18. Lighted display devices for producing static or animated visual displays, including animated facial features

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Heilbron, Valerie J; Clem, Paul G; Cook, Adam Wade

    2014-02-11

    An illuminated display device with a base member with a plurality of cavities therein. Illumination devices illuminate the cavities and emit light through an opening of the cavities in a pattern, and a speaker can emit sounds in synchronization with the pattern. A panel with translucent portions can overly the base member and the cavities. An animated talking character can have an animated mouth cavity complex with multiple predetermined mouth lighting configurations simulative of human utterances. The cavities can be open, or optical waveguide material or positive members can be disposed therein. Reflective material can enhance internal reflectance and light emission.

  19. Estimated population near uranium tailings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomster, C.H.; Brown, D.R.; Bruno, G.A.; Craig, S.N.; Dirks, J.A.; Griffin, E.A.; Reis, J.W.; Young, J.K.

    1984-01-01

    Population studies, which took place during the months of April, May, and June 1983, were performed for 27 active and 25 inactive mill sites. For each mill site, a table showing population by radius (1/2, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 km) in 16 compass directions was generated. 22 references, 6 tables.

  20. MICROBIAL POPULATIONS FECAL PELLETS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luther, Douglas S.

    MICROBIAL POPULATIONS FECAL PELLETS AND AND BIOLU}IINESCENCEOF OCEANIC SEDII,IENTTRAP PARTICLES activities of microbial populations associated with fecal pellets col-Lecteo from oceanic zooplankton were (indicators of microbial growth and reproduction rates, respectively) were monitored in fecal pellets at time

  1. POPULATION GEOGRAPHY Instructor: Dr. Carr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    to Mexico's! Why? + net migration of 3 migrants/1000 vs. Mexico ­ net migration of 4/1000 #12;Why do we care: · Spatial patterns and processes · Geographers tend to study migration more than fertility and mortality: #12;HOW DOES POPULATION CHANGE? #12;Population Change = Fertility ­ Mortality +/- Migration #12;Crude

  2. Population Ecology Philip M. Dixon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of populations include the mallard ducks in the Central flyway of the United States, the Daphnia laevis(t) - e(t), (2) where b(t), d(t), i(t), and e(t) are the instantaneous rates of birth, death, immigrationPopulation Ecology Philip M. Dixon Department of Statistics Iowa State University 20 December 2001

  3. COMPUTER ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL WORLDS Comp. Anim. Virtual Worlds 2013; 24:155164

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    present a crowd model informed by common ground theory to accommodate high-level socially aware behavioral PAPER Simulating and animating social dynamics: embedding small pedestrian groups in crowds Seung theory *Correspondence Seung In Park, Computer Science, Virginia Tech, 220 Kraft Dr., Blacksburg, VA

  4. Energy demand and population changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, E.L.; Edmonds, J.A.

    1980-12-01

    Since World War II, US energy demand has grown more rapidly than population, so that per capita consumption of energy was about 60% higher in 1978 than in 1947. Population growth and the expansion of per capita real incomes have led to a greater use of energy. The aging of the US population is expected to increase per capita energy consumption, despite the increase in the proportion of persons over 65, who consume less energy than employed persons. The sharp decline in the population under 18 has led to an expansion in the relative proportion of population in the prime-labor-force age groups. Employed persons are heavy users of energy. The growth of the work force and GNP is largely attributable to the growing participation of females. Another important consequence of female employment is the growth in ownership of personal automobiles. A third factor pushing up labor-force growth is the steady influx of illegal aliens.

  5. Population Characteristics and Seasonal Movement Patterns of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd - Status Report 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiller, B.L.; Zufelt, R.K.; Turner, S.; Cadwell, L.L.; Bender, L.; Turner, G.K.

    2000-10-10

    Population characteristics of the Rattlesnake Hills elk herd indicate reduced herd growth rates from the 1980s compared to the 1990s (McCorquodale 1988; Eberhardt 1996). However, the population continued to grow approximately 25% annually through the 1990s, reaching a high of 838 animals in summer 1999. Calf recruitment rates appear to be cyclic and are likely related to reduced calf survival during the first weeks of life; however, late-term abortions may also have occurred. The cause(s) could be predator-related and/or a function of shifts in nutritional condition (age-class distributions, assuming older-age cows are less likely to recruit calves, major climate shifts) or changes in the human-related disturbances during gestation, and/or calf rearing periods. In fall 1999 and spring 2000, the population was reduced from 838 individuals to 660 individuals. The primary controlling factors were modified hunting seasons on private and state lands and the large-scale roundup conducted in spring 2000. Continued removal of animals (particularly females) within the population will be pivotal to maintain the population at a level that minimizes land damage complaints, animal-vehicle collisions, use of central Hanford areas, and deterioration of natural resources.

  6. Compact conscious animal positron emission tomography scanner

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schyler, David J. (Bellport, NY); O'Connor, Paul (Bellport, NY); Woody, Craig (Setauket, NY); Junnarkar, Sachin Shrirang (Sound Beach, NY); Radeka, Veljko (Bellport, NY); Vaska, Paul (Sound Beach, NY); Pratte, Jean-Francois (Stony Brook, NY); Volkow, Nora (Chevy Chase, MD)

    2006-10-24

    A method of serially transferring annihilation information in a compact positron emission tomography (PET) scanner includes generating a time signal for an event, generating an address signal representing a detecting channel, generating a detector channel signal including the time and address signals, and generating a composite signal including the channel signal and similarly generated signals. The composite signal includes events from detectors in a block and is serially output. An apparatus that serially transfers annihilation information from a block includes time signal generators for detectors in a block and an address and channel signal generator. The PET scanner includes a ring tomograph that mounts onto a portion of an animal, which includes opposing block pairs. Each of the blocks in a block pair includes a scintillator layer, detection array, front-end array, and a serial encoder. The serial encoder includes time signal generators and an address signal and channel signal generator.

  7. Motion Capture Based Animation for Virtual Human Demonstrators: Modeling, Parameterization and Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yazhou

    2012-01-01

    sive gaze animation for virtual humans. ” In Proceedings ofCapture Based Animation for Virtual Human Demonstrators:Capture Based Animation for Virtual Human Demonstrators:

  8. Inferring population history from genealogies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohse, Konrad R.

    2010-01-01

    This thesis investigates a range of genealogical approaches to making quantitative inferences about the spatial and demographic history of populations with application to two insect systems: A local radiation of high ...

  9. Adverse Outcome Pathways and Ecological Risk Assessment: Bridging to Population-Level Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, Vincent J.; Etterson, Matthew A.; Hecker, Markus; Murphy, Cheryl A.; Roesijadi, Guritno; Spade, Daniel J.; Spromberg, Julann A.; Wang, Magnus; Ankley, Gerald T.

    2010-11-24

    The viability of populations of plants and animals is a key focus for environmental regulation. Population-level responses integrate the cumulative effects of chemical stressors on individuals as those individuals interact with and are affected by their con-specifics, competitors, predators, prey, habitat and other biotic and abiotic factors. Models of population-level effects of contaminants can integrate information from lower levels of biological organization and feed that information into higher-level community and ecosystem models. As individual-level endpoints are utilized to predict population responses, this requires that biological responses at lower levels of organization be translated into a form that is useable by the population modeler. In this paper we describe how mechanistic data, as captured in adverse outcome pathways, can be translated into modeling focused on population-level risk assessments. First, we present a succinct overview of different approaches to population modeling, and discuss the types of data needed for these models. Then we discuss how toxicity data are used currently for population modeling, and provide recommendations as to how testing might be modified to better generate information to support modeling. From this we describe how different key processes measured at the level of the individual serve as the bridge between mechanistic toxicology data and predictions of population status, and provide case examples of how this linkage has been/can be achieved.

  10. Design and implementation of a marine animal alert system to support Marine Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.; Fu, Tao; Ren, Huiying; Martinez, Jayson J.; Myers, Joshua R.; Matzner, Shari; Choi, Eric Y.; Copping, Andrea E.

    2013-08-08

    Power extracted from fast moving tidal currents has been identified as a potential commercial-scale source of renewable energy. Device developers and utilities are pursuing deployment of prototype tidal turbines to assess technology viability, site feasibility, and environmental interactions. Deployment of prototype turbines requires permits from a range of regulatory authorities. Ensuring the safety of marine animals, particularly those under protection of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 has emerged as a key regulatory challenge for initial MHK deployments. The greatest perceived risk to marine animals is from strike by the rotating blades of tidal turbines. Development of the marine mammal alert system (MAAS) was undertaken to support monitoring and mitigation requirements for tidal turbine deployments. The prototype system development focused on Southern Resident killer whales (SRKW), an endangered population of killer whales that frequents Puget Sound and is intermittently present in the part of the sound where deployment of prototype tidal turbines is being considered. Passive acoustics were selected as the primary means because of the vocal nature of these animals. The MAAS passive acoustic system consists of two-stage process involving the use of an energy detector and a spectrogram-based classifier to distinguish between SKRW’s calls and noise. A prototype consisting of two 2D symmetrical star arrays separated by 20 m center to center was built and evaluated in the waters of Sequim Bay using whale call playback.

  11. Method of detoxifying animal suffering from overdose

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mehlhorn, Rolf J. (Richmond, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A method for accumulating drugs or other chemicals within synthetic, lipid-like vesicles by means of a pH gradient imposed on the vesicles just prior to use is described. The method is suited for accumulating molecules with basic or acid moieties which are permeable to the vesicles membranes in their uncharged form and for molecules that contain charge moieties that are hydrophobic ions and can therefore cross the vesicle membranes in their charged form. The method is advantageous over prior art methods for encapsulating biologically active materials within vesicles in that it achieves very high degrees of loading with simple procedures that are economical and require little technical expertise, furthermore kits which can be stored for prolonged periods prior to use without impairment of the capacity to achieve drug accumulation are described. A related application of the method consists of using this technology to detoxify animals that have been exposed to poisons with basic, weak acid or hydrophobic charge groups within their molecular structure.

  12. Radio controlled release apparatus for animal data acquisition devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stamps, James Frederick (5252 Norma Way, Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550)

    2000-01-01

    A novel apparatus for reliably and selectively releasing a data acquisition package from an animal for recovery. The data package comprises two parts: 1) an animal data acquisition device and 2) a co-located release apparatus. One embodiment, which is useful for land animals, the release apparatus includes two major components: 1) an electronics package, comprising a receiver; a decoder comparator, having at plurality of individually selectable codes; and an actuator circuit and 2) a release device, which can be a mechanical device, which acts to release the data package from the animal. To release a data package from a particular animal, a radio transmitter sends a coded signal which is decoded to determine if the code is valid for that animal data package. Having received a valid code, the release device is activated to release the data package from the animal for subsequent recovery. A second embodiment includes floatation means and is useful for releasing animal data acquisition devices attached to sea animals. This embodiment further provides for releasing a data package underwater by employing an acoustic signal.

  13. Solid-Liquid Separation of Animal Manure and Wastewater 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Sweeten, John M.; Auvermann, Brent W.

    1999-10-19

    Solid-liquid separation is an alternative treatment for animal manure and process-generated wastewater. This publication explains the techniques, equipment, performance and economics of separators....

  14. Quality Assurance Checklists for Video, Animations, and Audio Web Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Use these quality assurance (QA) checklists to ensure your audio files, flash animations, podcasts, and videos meet all Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) standards.

  15. Dynamic Material Properties of Human and Animal Livers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Basdogan, Cagatay

    Dynamic Material Properties of Human and Animal Livers Cagatay Basdogan Abstract Accurate livers have focused on the investigation of static (strain-dependent) material properties. The number of studies investi- gating the dynamic material properties (time and frequency-dependent) of animal and human

  16. Stakeholder position paper: Epidemiological perspectives on antibiotic use in animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Randall

    resistance in bacteria affecting human health. From an epidemiologic perspective, the major issues related, and in the role that animal antimicrobial use plays in the levels of resistance in bacteria affecting human in animals and antimicrobial resistance in bacteria affecting human health. 2. How might an epidemiologist

  17. Emergency Preparation 1. If possible, never leave your animals behind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Nutrition 1. Water 2. Energy 3. Protein 4. Vitamins 5. Major/Minor Minerals 6. Forage 1. Water is the single water for 5 days. 2. Energy- Carbohydrates supplied by forage and grain are the primary sourcesEmergency Preparation 1. If possible, never leave your animals behind during an evacuation. Animals

  18. ANIMAL TRACING: BENEFITS IN CATTLE INDUSTRY AND PRIVATE INCENTIVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    ANIMAL TRACING: BENEFITS IN CATTLE INDUSTRY AND PRIVATE INCENTIVES LEVAN ELBAKIDZE Assistant are those of the author and not necessarily the sponsor." #12;ANIMAL TRACING: BENEFITS IN CATTLE INDUSTRY major economic damages in the cattle industry. One of the strategies to mitigate potential outbreak

  19. Neuroinflammation in Parkinson's Disease Animal Models: A Cell Stress Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sulzer, David

    in a wide range of toxin-based, inflammatory and genetic Parkinson's disease animal models. KeywordsNeuroinflammation in Parkinson's Disease Animal Models: A Cell Stress Response or a Step neuroin- flammatory processes are exacerbated in Parkinson's disease, including glial- mediated reactions

  20. Economic Consideration of Mitigation of Foreign Animal Disease Introduction *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Economic Consideration of Mitigation of Foreign Animal Disease Introduction * Levan Elbakidze, Bruce A. McCarl Department of Agricultural Economics National Center for Foreign Animal and Zoonotic Disease Defense (FAZDD), Texas A&M University, College Station TX, USA The economic implications

  1. Conservation of Salmonella Infection Mechanisms in Plants and Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirt, Heribert

    Conservation of Salmonella Infection Mechanisms in Plants and Animals Adam Schikora1 *¤a , Isabelle Salmonella virulence in animals depends on effectors injected by Type III Secretion Systems (T3SSs). In this report we demonstrate that Salmonella mutants that are unable to deliver effectors are also compromised

  2. Web-Based Interactive Analysis and Animation of Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Harry H.

    a mechanism in a Web browser and then click a button for kinematic and dynamic analysis, graphical plottingWeb-Based Interactive Analysis and Animation of Mechanisms Harry H. Cheng Professor Member of ASME A Web-based mechanism analysis and animation system is pre- sented in this article. The system

  3. Computer Animation of Human Walking: a Survey Franck Multon1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Animation of human walking is a crucial problem in Computer Graphics: Many synthetic scenes involve virtualComputer Animation of Human Walking: a Survey Franck Multon1 , Laure France2 , Marie-Paule Cani humans, from special e ects in the lm industry to virtual reality and video games. Synthesizing realistic

  4. Designing a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - of available new scientific techniques to animate Virtual Humans, in a new control scheme that better answersDesigning a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping. Antoine Rennuit1, 2, and analyse human behaviour in the product's environment (for maintenance, ergonomics...), thanks to Virtual

  5. Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Interactive Animation of Cloth-like Objects in Virtual Reality Mark Meyer Caltech Gilles Debunne iMAGIS/IMAG Mathieu Desbrun USC/Caltech Alan H. Barr Caltech Abstract Modeling and animation of cloth has experienced to realistically drape objects or human characters in a fairly efficient way. However, real-time realistic

  6. The Communicative Functions of Animation in User Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Novick, David G.

    The Communicative Functions of Animation in User Interfaces David Novick The University of Texas, we surveyed existing user interfaces that use animation, analyzed these uses with respect to type to graphical user interfaces and to assess the model's plausibility, we used the model to develop two versions

  7. SUB-POPULATION BRAIN ATLASES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Paul

    SUB-POPULATION BRAIN ATLASES Paul Thompson PhD, Michael S. Mega MD PhD, and Arthur W. Toga PhD Laboratory of Neuro Imaging, Brain Mapping Division and Alzheimer's Disease Center Dept. of Neurology, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1769 A Chapter in: Brain Mapping: The Methods (2nd Edition

  8. Population Growth February 6, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mead, Jodi L.

    for all values of M and k. 3. Generate the direction fields of the logistic equation with harvesting: dy that the population of a species of fish in a certain lake is growing according to a logistic model with k = 0.3 and M intial value problem. (b) Plot the direction field and a few informative solution curves. (c) Describe

  9. Robust excitons inhabit soft supramolecular nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebentrost, Frank Patrick

    Nature's highly efficient light-harvesting antennae, such as those found in green sulfur bacteria, consist of supramolecular building blocks that self-assemble into a hierarchy of close-packed structures. In an effort to ...

  10. Inhabiting Indianness : US colonialism and indigenous geographies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnd, Natchee Blu

    2008-01-01

    women and men experience distinctly sexed realities within each racial identity matrix (and vice versa).

  11. EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations EO 12898: Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations To focus Federal...

  12. Corn fiber hulls as a food additive or animal feed

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abbas, Charles (Champaign, IL); Beery, Kyle E. (Decatur, IN); Cecava, Michael J. (Decatur, IN); Doane, Perry H. (Decatur, IN)

    2010-12-21

    The present invention provides a novel animal feed or food additive that may be made from thermochemically hydrolyzed, solvent-extracted corn fiber hulls. The animal feed or food additive may be made, for instance, by thermochemically treating corn fiber hulls to hydrolyze and solubilize the hemicellulose and starch present in the corn fiber hulls to oligosaccharides. The residue may be extracted with a solvent to separate the oil from the corn fiber, leaving a solid residue that may be prepared, for instance by aggolmerating, and sold as a food additive or an animal feed.

  13. The Relation Between the Number of Species and the Number of Individuals in a Random Sample of an Animal Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, David A.

    's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp. JSTOR the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support),A. STEVENCORBET (British Museum,Natural History) AND C. B. WILLIAMS (RothamstedExperimental Station) (With 8

  14. Consumers' Perceptions of Animal-Based Food Products and Advertisements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Froebel, Lindy

    2015-05-12

    Grocery sales circulars influence consumers’ purchasing decision, but limited research has been conducted on them. The purpose of this study was to discover current advertisement trends for animal-based food products then ...

  15. A Fire Model for 2-D Computer Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, J-H.; Patterson, J.W.

    Yu,J-H. Patterson,J.W. Proceedings of the EUROGRAPHICS Workshop on Computer Animation '96, Poitiers, France. Published in Eurographics Series, (Boulic R. and Hegron, G., Eds.). pp 49-60 Springer

  16. Muscle-based facial animation using blendshapes in superposition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Andrew Patrick

    2007-04-25

    The blendshape is an effective tool in computer facial animation, enabling represention of muscle actions. Limitations exist, however, in the level of realism attainable under conventional use of blendshapes as non-intersecting deformations. Using...

  17. A computational approach to the quantification of animal camouflage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akkaynak, Derya

    2014-01-01

    Evolutionary pressures have led to some astonishing camouflage strategies in the animal kingdom. Cephalopods like cuttlefish and octopus mastered a rather unique skill: they can rapidly adapt the way their skin looks in ...

  18. Creating Automated Interactive Video Playback for Studies of Animal Communications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butkowski, Trisha

    2010-01-16

    -time animations with video tracking software. This method may be used to conduct interactive playback experiments. To demonstrate this method, a prototype was created and used to conduct automated mating choice trials on female swordtail fish. The results...

  19. The Amphimedon queenslandica genome and the evolution of animal complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srivastava, Mansi; Simakov, Oleg; Chapman, Jarrod; Fahey, Bryony; Gauthier, Marie E.A.; Mitros, Therese; Richards, Gemma S.; Conaco, Cecilia; Dacre, Michael; Hellsten, Uffe; Larroux, Claire; Putnam, Nicholas H.; Stanke, Mario; Adamska, Maja; Darling, Aaron; Degnan, Sandie M.; Oakley, Todd H.; Plachetzki, David C.; Zhai, Yufeng; Adamski, Marcin; Calcino, Andrew; Cummins, Scott F.; Goodstein, David M.; Harris, Christina; Jackson, Daniel J.; Leys, Sally P.; Shu, Shengqiang; Woodcroft, Ben J.; Vervoort, Michel; Kosik, Kenneth S.; Manning, Gerard; Degnan, Bernard M.; Rokhsar, Daniel S.

    2010-07-01

    Sponges are an ancient group of animals that diverged from other metazoans over 600 million years ago. Here we present the draft genome sequence of Amphimedon queenslandica, a demosponge from the Great Barrier Reef, and show that it is remarkably similar to other animal genomes in content, structure and organization. Comparative analysis enabled by the sponge sequence reveals genomic events linked to the origin and early evolution of animals, including the appearance, expansion, and diversification of pan-metazoan transcription factor, signaling pathway, and structural genes. This diverse 'toolkit' of genes correlates with critical aspects of all metazoan body plans, and comprises cell cycle control and growth, development, somatic and germ cell specification, cell adhesion, innate immunity, and allorecognition. Notably, many of the genes associated with the emergence of animals are also implicated in cancer, which arises from defects in basic processes associated with metazoan multicellularity.

  20. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY ANIMAL CARE AND USE COMMITTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weston, Ken

    in scheduling training. 2. USE OF HAZARDOUS AGENTS IN ANIMALS: (place an `X' in appropriate areas) YES NO REQUIREMENTS If use of a hazardous agent (radioactive isotopes, hazardous chemicals, biologic agents

  1. World Veterinary Year 2011: 250 Years of Improving Animal and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay, Mark A.

    under and over nutrition, poverty, climate change, ecosystem health, animal welfare Use of antibiotics Livestock/Poultry Reduce Poverty Health, Development, and Poverty #12;Millenium Development Goals Goal 8

  2. Revised January 2012 Appendix I Animals (including insects and fish)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    conducted) 2. Will you be generating any genetically modified organisms? If yes, what animals and how? N/A 3 derivative) RG1 Farq / 123A *PHAC- Public Health Agency of Canada **CFIA- Canadian Food Inspection Agency

  3. Using Parasitoids to Control House Flies in Confined Animal Facilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-11-30

    House flies are a common problem in confined animal facilities. One way to control them biologically is with parasitoid wasps. This publication explains how to use these wasps for fly control....

  4. HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Table of Contents 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2014 Table of Contents 3 1 Regulations and Basic Information How to Use of Water ..................................................................... 1-26 Table 1.6 - Equivalent Quantities of Liquid Materials (Emulsifiable Concentrates, etc.) for Various Quantities of Water

  5. Scaling and biomechanics of surface attachment in climbing animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labonte, David; Federle, Walter

    2014-01-01

    -Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Review Cite this article: Labonte D, Federle W. 2015 Scaling and biomechanics of surface attach- ment in climbing animals. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 370: 20140027. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2014.0027 One contribution... of 19 to a discussion meeting issue ‘Cell adhesion century: culture breakthrough’. Subject Areas: biomaterials, biomechanics, biophysics Scaling and biomechanics of surface attachment in climbing animals on July 15, 2015http...

  6. Animating "Croc tale": a study of the process and problems of a three-dimensional computer animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Squire, Janice Lynne

    1992-01-01

    Several stages are involved in the production of a computer-generated character animation. First, a concept that satisfies any previously defined design constraint (e.g., resource limitations and/or client specifications) ...

  7. Journey to the East : the re(make) of Chinese animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, He, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    This thesis attempts to look at how Chinese animation cinema has evolved over the years and how the Chinese nation is being constructed and contested through animation filmic texts and animation filmmaking practices as ...

  8. Interpreting the visual and cinematic style of Japanese anime using three-dimensional computer graphics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mistry, Pradeep Champaklal

    2002-01-01

    Due to the international popularity of Japanese anime and its recognition as a cinematic art form, creative professionals in the animation industry are impressed with not only the complexity and artistic fluidity of the animation style but also...

  9. HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 Nuisance Insects of the House and Yard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 Nuisance Insects of the House and Yard Table of Contents Insects .............................................................................................................................. 6-15 #12;HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 #12;HOME GROUNDS & ANIMALS 2015 Nuisance Insects of the House

  10. Anime Creativity: Characters and Premises in the Quest for Cool Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condry, Ian

    This article examines ethnographically the production of anime (Japanese animated films and TV shows) by focusing on how professional animators use characters and dramatic premises to organize their collaborative creativity. ...

  11. Feedback between Population and Evolutionary Dynamics Determines the Fate of Social Microbial Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Alvaro

    The evolutionary spread of cheater strategies can destabilize populations engaging in social cooperative behaviors, thus demonstrating that evolutionary changes can have profound implications for population dynamics. At ...

  12. Arthropod population and community dynamics in turfgrass 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yong

    1998-01-01

    Non-target arthropod and nematode populations in ographics. fungal and nematode treated bermudagrass were contrasted with populations in a chlorpyrifos and an untreated control treatment. Fifty-five arthropod families or suborder, herein referred...

  13. International radiobiology archives of long-term animal studies. I. Descriptions of participating institutions and studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerber, G.B.; Watson, C.R.; Sugahara, T.; Okada, S.

    1996-07-01

    This document describes archived radiobiology animal studies. Information is presented on experimental details, pathology, radioactivity, results, dosimetry, status, and animal type employed.

  14. Scientific documentary animation: How much accuracy is enough

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Max, N.L.

    1992-02-06

    Scientific documentary animation presents final results, and thus has a somewhat different purpose than the scientific visualization used in their discovery. For an audience of non-specialists, production quality in the graphics, pacing, narration, music, and story-telling are important. However, the animation need only be qualitatively correct in order to communicate the desired information. When physical simulations are used to produce animated movement, the laws of motion can be adjusted to give a nicer appearance, to allow for easier programming, to compensate for incompatible time or size scales, or to artifically push things in a desired direction. Graphic tricks may even be used to disguise inadequacies in the simulation. Biological structures which are not yet completely understood may be given an arbitrary or approximate form in order to show their function. But in illustrating mathematics, it is often easy to be completely accurate.

  15. Scientific documentary animation: How much accuracy is enough?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Max, N.L.

    1992-02-06

    Scientific documentary animation presents final results, and thus has a somewhat different purpose than the scientific visualization used in their discovery. For an audience of non-specialists, production quality in the graphics, pacing, narration, music, and story-telling are important. However, the animation need only be qualitatively correct in order to communicate the desired information. When physical simulations are used to produce animated movement, the laws of motion can be adjusted to give a nicer appearance, to allow for easier programming, to compensate for incompatible time or size scales, or to artifically push things in a desired direction. Graphic tricks may even be used to disguise inadequacies in the simulation. Biological structures which are not yet completely understood may be given an arbitrary or approximate form in order to show their function. But in illustrating mathematics, it is often easy to be completely accurate.

  16. Designing a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennuit, Antoine; Andriot, Claude; Guillaume, François; Chevassus, Nicolas; Chablat, Damien; Chedmail, Patrick

    2007-01-01

    In the industry, numerous commercial packages provide tools to introduce, and analyse human behaviour in the product's environment (for maintenance, ergonomics...), thanks to Virtual Humans. We will focus on control. Thanks to algorithms newly introduced in recent research papers, we think we can provide an implementation, which even widens, and simplifies the animation capacities of virtual manikins. In order to do so, we are going to express the industrial expectations as for Virtual Humans, without considering feasibility (not to bias the issue). The second part will show that no commercial application provides the tools that perfectly meet the needs. Thus we propose a new animation framework that better answers the problem. Our contribution is the integration - driven by need ~ of available new scientific techniques to animate Virtual Humans, in a new control scheme that better answers industrial expectations.

  17. A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gobas, Frank

    A Bioenergetic Biomagnification Model for the Animal Kingdom A D R I A N M . H . D E B R U Y N they accumulate dietary contaminants. Bioenergetic processes play a key role in chemical uptake and elimination derived bioenergetic parameters for a diverse suite of species, including herbivores and carnivores

  18. Introduction Animals exploit numerous sources of information while

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lohmann, Kenneth J.

    geographic position. For human navigators, this need is now usually met by a global positioning system (GPS3697 Introduction Animals exploit numerous sources of information while migrating, homing with two potential types of information. The simplest of these is directional or compass information, which

  19. Copyright 1999 Psychonomic Society, Inc. 316 Animal Learning & Behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galef Jr., Bennett G.

    Copyright 1999 Psychonomic Society, Inc. 316 Animal Learning & Behavior 1999, 27 (3), 316-322 After with a particular challenge use informa- tion extracted from conspecifics to direct their subsequent foraging (Galef Sciences and En- gineering Research Council of Canada. Correspondence should be ad- dressed to B. G. Galef

  20. AUTOMATED ROBOTIC TRACKING OF GELATINOUS ANIMALS IN THE A DISSERTATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    AUTOMATED ROBOTIC TRACKING OF GELATINOUS ANIMALS IN THE DEEP OCEAN A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED and challenge of accessing the deep ocean continue to limit long-duration observa- tions of gelatinous marine impractical in the deep ocean with current technology. Behaviors of gelatinous species, collectively referred

  1. animals --produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hays, Graeme

    animals -- produce characteristic, heritable incubation times and patterns of brain damage, the animalslivedalong,TSE-freelife,andmostly did not accumulate PrPSc in their brains (B. Chesebro, Rocky Mountain Labs, Hamilton, Montana). The injection of PrPSc -negative brain extracts from these mice into further

  2. A shading pipeline for 2D animation techniques HEDLENA BEZERRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    A shading pipeline for 2D animation techniques HEDLENA BEZERRA 1 , LUIZ VELHO 2 , BRUNO FEIJÓ 1 1 Pura e Aplicada Figure 1: Pipeline - [D] Digitization; [T] Skeletonization; [C] Curve Extraction; [N is unknown, and the position information lacks depth. This work describes a pipeline to process 2D images

  3. Grain Sorghum By-Product Feeds for Farm Animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1951-01-01

    . GRAIN SORGHUM BY-PRODUCT FEEDS FOR FARM ANIMALS 15 SORGHUJI GLUTEN FEED Sorghum gluten feed was used in three different combi- nations in experimental rations for fattening steers. In the first ration, it was fed as the only concentrate received... .................................................................................................. 18 Sorghum gluten meal .................................................................................. 18 experimental ration ............................................................................. 18...

  4. Virtual Lung Project Animated Film Series The Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitton, Mary C.

    Virtual Lung Project Animated Film Series The Challenge This film series seeks to educate lung. Each video describes a process the lung undergoes to function properly. Through integration of 3D of the lung's functions and purposes. Because mucus flow and ciliary movement are groundbreaking research

  5. Actors vs. Animation for Adult Learning ? Debbie Richards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Debbie

    Actors vs. Animation for Adult Learning ? Debbie Richards Human Centred Systems Group Computing computer based training has been around for decades, the marriage of games and education is not so old, the marriage is destined to last. What is not so clear is whether playing games is suited to adult learning

  6. From Robots to Animals: Virtual Fences for Controlling Cattle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rus, Daniela

    From Robots to Animals: Virtual Fences for Controlling Cattle Zack Butler Peter Corke Ron Peterson the centuries. Cattle and other livestock forage over large paddocks whose perimeters are usually bounded. Nevertheless herding remains a labor intensive activity when cattle and sheep graze over large paddocks

  7. Perception of Body and Hand Animations for Realistic Virtual Characters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Perception of Body and Hand Animations for Realistic Virtual Characters Sophie J¨org Dissertation human is still a big challenge. The motions of a virtual character in a movie or in a game have a large. However, despite great improvements in recent years, creating a persua- sive and highly realistic virtual

  8. Drawing Outside the Lines Animation Workshop: Paint On Glass Assignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drawing Outside the Lines Animation Workshop: Paint On Glass Assignment Due Thursday, Nov.19 th , 9 on this in the 2D Lab in the Com Bldg, or in the DV Linear Paint-On- Glass Suite in the Library. Prepare your

  9. A Web-based Animation Authoring Application for Quadrupedal Characters 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murphy, Krista Lea

    2014-12-03

    AUTHORING APPLICATION FOR QUADRUPEDAL CHARACTERS A Thesis by KRISTA LEA MURPHY Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Chair... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 Contributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2. BACKGROUND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1 Methods for Authoring Animation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2...

  10. Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation Norman Badler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    Virtual Humans for Animation, Ergonomics, and Simulation Norman Badler Center for Human Modeling speed and control methods needed to portray 3D virtual humans suitable for real interactive applications of Pennsylvania with the Jack system. Various aspects of real­time virtual humans are considered

  11. Analysis of Percussion Grip for Physically Based Character Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Firstly, it provides realistic exam- ples of the human motion under study for driving the virtualAnalysis of Percussion Grip for Physically Based Character Animation Alexandre Bou¨enard* Marcelo This paper presents the analysis of percussion tech- nique for the simulation of virtual timpani playing sit

  12. 36 african birdlife he Animal Demography Unit (ADU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Villiers, Marienne

    2423 · e-mail adu-info@uct.ac.za · www.adu.org.za CitiZen SCienCe WeeK The Animal Demography Unit is celebrating a Citizen Science Week from Saturday, 20 September to Sunday, 28 September 2014.We encourage bird citizen scientists. The Cape Town ADU Citizen Science Day will be held on Saturday, 20 Septem- ber

  13. Nitrite in feed: From Animal health to human health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cockburn, Andrew; Brambilla, Gianfranco; Fernández, Maria-Luisa; Arcella, Davide; Peteghem, Carlos van; Dorne, Jean-Lou

    2013-08-01

    Nitrite is widely consumed from the diet by animals and humans. However the largest contribution to exposure results from the in vivo conversion of exogenously derived nitrate to nitrite. Because of its potential to cause to methaemoglobin (MetHb) formation at excessive levels of intake, nitrite is regulated in feed and water as an undesirable substance. Forages and contaminated water have been shown to contain high levels of nitrate and represent the largest contributor to nitrite exposure for food-producing animals. Interspecies differences in sensitivity to nitrite intoxication principally result from physiological and anatomical differences in nitrite handling. In the case of livestock both pigs and cattle are relatively susceptible. With pigs this is due to a combination of low levels of bacterial nitrite reductase and hence potential to reduce nitrite to ammonia as well as reduced capacity to detoxify MetHb back to haemoglobin (Hb) due to intrinsically low levels of MetHb reductase. In cattle the sensitivity is due to the potential for high dietary intake and high levels of rumen conversion of nitrate to nitrite, and an adaptable gut flora which at normal loadings shunts nitrite to ammonia for biosynthesis. However when this escape mechanism gets overloaded, nitrite builds up and can enter the blood stream resulting in methemoglobinemia. Looking at livestock case histories reported in the literature no-observed-effect levels of 3.3 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) per day for nitrite in pigs and cattle were estimated and related to the total daily nitrite intake that would result from complete feed at the EU maximum permissible level. This resulted in margins of safety of 9-fold and 5-fold for pigs and cattle, respectively. Recognising that the bulkiness of animal feed limits their consumption, these margins in conjunction with good agricultural practise were considered satisfactory for the protection of livestock health. A human health risk assessment was also carried out taking into account all direct and indirect sources of nitrite from the human diet, including carry-over of nitrite in animal-based products such as milk, eggs and meat products. Human exposure was then compared with the acceptable daily intake (ADI) for nitrite of 0-0.07 mg/kg b.w. per day. Overall, the low levels of nitrite in fresh animal products represented only 2.9% of the total daily dietary exposure and thus were not considered to raise concerns for human health. It is concluded that the potential health risk to animals from the consumption of feed or to man from eating fresh animal products containing nitrite, is very low.

  14. A Cognitive Analysis of the Perception of Shape and Motion Cooperation in Virtual Animations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Cognitive Analysis of the Perception of Shape and Motion Cooperation in Virtual Animations Amel]: Animation; J.5 [Arts and humanities]: Arts, fine and performing. Keywords: Computer animation, cognitive of animations. All the interviews are recorded on audiovisual support. 4) Focusing the discourses of the human

  15. BAP Sparsing: A Novel Approach to MPEG-4 Body Animation Parameter Compression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

    , such as virtual humans [1] [2]. A virtual human body model is animated using a stream of body animation parameters virtual bodies and their animation to be compressed using a standard compression pipeline comprisingBAP Sparsing: A Novel Approach to MPEG-4 Body Animation Parameter Compression Siddhartha

  16. Virtual Human Animation Based on Movement Observation and Cognitive Behavior Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    Virtual Human Animation Based on Movement Observation and Cognitive Behavior Models Norman I Philadelphia, PA 19104­6389 Abstract Automatically animating virtual humans with actions that reflect real for the future of real­time virtual human animation. 1 Introduction Automatically animating virtual humans

  17. My Hudson River A short film animation by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkowitz, Alan R.

    's called an estuary. Sunday, May 31, 15 #12;Data Sets Used Fish Populations Salt Levels Historic Pollution. This is called salinity. Data was collected from 6 cities and heights along the river, as you can see

  18. MPEG-4 Body Animation Parameters (BAPs) are used for animation of MPEG-4 compliant virtual human-like characters. Distributed virtual reality applications and networked games on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Kang

    Power Aware Compression Algorithms for MPEG-4 Virtual Human Animation in Mobile Computers Siddhartha virtual human (avatar) animation is used in many applications that depict human models interacting decompression, is needed. MPEG-4 has proposed H-Anim standards to represent virtual human-like characters [7] [8

  19. The chimaera project: an online database of animal motions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gele, Julie Katherine

    2009-05-15

    links to favorite tutorials and a variety of resources. Currently, few websites exist that contain free, albeit limited, content for rigging. Websites, such as Rigging101 (http://www.rigging101.com/), hosted by two Vancouver Film School students..., features five unique rigs. These rigs are well documented with well developed instructions, but they feature no associated animations. Only one of the rigs is a quadruped. The website also houses a variety of scripts and visual tutorials, a great...

  20. Toxicity studies with Sesbania spp. in domestic and laboratory animals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whall, Jeffrey DePass

    1982-01-01

    were all recorded simultaneously by the physiograph. The animal was anesthetized with sodium penotobarbitol, intubated, and allowed to stabilize, then baseline readings were taken. Intravenous injections of the extract were then made at time... were evaluated for Packed Cell Volume (PCV), total serum protein (TSP), serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (SGOT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), Serum Potassium (k) and Sodium (Na), levels. PCV, TSPs, and SGOT's were run within two days after...

  1. Video, Audio, and Animation Text Versions for Web Accessibility |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobsAdvancedVeteran Leadership StrongVideo, Animation,

  2. Fish Population and Behavior Revealed by Instantaneous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish Population and Behavior Revealed by Instantaneous Continental Shelf­Scale Imaging Nicholas C-transect methods from slow-moving research vessels. These methods significantly undersample fish populations in time and space, leaving an incomplete and ambiguous record of abundance and behavior. We show that fish

  3. Life history, longevity and aging Population ecology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilkinson, Gerald S.

    = intrinsic rate of population growth dN/dt = (b-d)N = rN "r-selected" #12;Logistic population growth Addition of a density dependent term results in logistic growth K = carrying capacity dN/dt = rN (K-N)/K "K to allocation of resources between maintenance and reproduction #12;Reproductive value · Age

  4. Populations of Galaxies Building a Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crenshaw, Michael

    hydrogen fusion), M > 100M! (star's radiation pressure exceeds gravity) (M) M Salpeter (1955) = 2.35 Total-Luminosity Relations · Initial Mass Function · Star Formation Rates · Heavy Element Enrichment · Evolution spectrum and determine predicted colors for a population of stars? · Start a population with an initial

  5. Population density of San Joaquin kit fox

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCue, P.; O'Farrell, T.P.; Kato, T.; Evans, B.G.

    1982-01-01

    Populations of the endangered San Joaquin kit fox, vulpes macrotis mutica, are known to occur on the Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1. This study assess the impact of intensified petroleum exploration and production and associated human activities on kit fox population density. (ACR)

  6. Population Characteristics and Seasonal Movement Patterns of the Rattlesnake Hills Elk Herd - Status Report 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiller, Brett L; Cadwell, Larry L; Zufelt, Rhett K; Turner, Scott D; Turner, Gerald K

    2000-10-10

    Wildlife biologists documented an isolated elk population in 1972 on the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site. Since then the herd has grown, exceeding 800 animals in 1999. Limited harvests on adjacent private lands have occurred since 1986. The large herd size coupled with limited annual harvest have increased concerns about private land crop damages, vehicle collisions, degradation of the native environment, and the herd's use of radiologically controlled areas on the Hanford Site. As a result, in 1999, a decision was made by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) (animal management), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) (land management), and DOE (landowner) to conduct a large-scale animal roundup to remove elk from the DOE-owned lands and relocate them to distant areas within Washington State. The interagency roundup and relocation occurred in spring 2000. This report presents the current status of the herd size and composition, annual removal estimates, and some limited seasonal area-use patterns by several radio-collared elk subsequent to the large-scale elk roundup. The elk herd maintained an approximate 25% annual increase until 2000. A large harvest offsite in 1999 coupled with the large-scale roundup in spring 2000 reduced herd size to the current estimate of 660 animals. As of August 2000, the herd consisted of 287 (43%) males, 282 (42%) females, and 91 (13%) calves. There has been a notable cycling of calf recruitment rates throughout the 1990s and in 2000. Elk home-range estimates revealed a substantial decrease in summer home ranges in 2000, presumably, in part, as a result of the summer 2000 Hanford Site wildfire. Movement analysis also determined that, as population size increased, so has the frequency and extent of the animals' offsite movements, particularly on private lands adjacent to the Hanford Site in both spring and summer seasons. The frequency and duration of movements by male elk onto the central portions of the Hanford Site has increased substantially as the population increased.

  7. Population genomics20-02-2009 Antnio Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Population Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldschmidt, Christina

    Population genomics20-02-2009 António Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Population Genomics 1 António Rodrigues (PDBC 2008) Bruno Santos (PDBC 2008) #12;Population genomics20-02-2009 António Rodrigues; Bruno Santos / 59 Contents 2 2 1000 genome project 1 Motivation and Introduction New generation sequencing

  8. Assessment of Technologies Used to Characterize Wildlife Populations in the Offshore Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duberstein, Corey A.; Tagestad, Jerry D.; Larson, Kyle B.

    2011-12-09

    Wind energy development in the offshore environment can have both direct and indirect effects on wildlife, yet little is known about most species that use near-shore and offshore waters due in part to the difficulty involved in studying animals in remote, challenging environments. Traditional methods to characterize offshore wildlife populations include shipboard observations. Technological advances have provided researches with an array of technologies to gather information about fauna from afar. This report describes the use and application of radar, thermal and optical imagery, and acoustic detection technologies for monitoring birds, bats, and marine mammals in offshore environments.

  9. Energy Systems and Population Health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezzati, Majid; Bailis, Rob; Kammen, Daniel M.; Holloway, Tracey; Price, Lynn; Cifuentes, Luis A.; Barnes, Brendon; Chaurey, Akanksha; Dhanapala, Kiran N.

    2004-04-12

    It is well-documented that energy and energy systems have a central role in social and economic development and human welfare at all scales, from household and community to regional and national (41). Among its various welfare effects, energy is closely linked with people s health. Some of the effects of energy on health and welfare are direct. With abundant energy, more food or more frequent meals can be prepared; food can be refrigerated, increasing the types of food items that are consumed and reducing food contamination; water pumps can provide more water and eliminate the need for water storage leading to contamination or increased exposure to disease vectors such as mosquitoes or snails; water can be disinfected by boiling or using other technologies such as radiation. Other effects of energy on public health are mediated through more proximal determinants of health and disease. Abundant energy can lead to increased irrigation, agricultural productivity, and access to food and nutrition; access to energy can also increase small-scale income generation such as processing of agricultural commodities (e.g., producing refined oil from oil seeds, roasting coffee, drying and preserving fruits and meats) and production of crafts; ability to control lighting and heating allows education or economic activities to be shielded from daily or seasonal environmental constraints such as light, temperature, rainfall, or wind; time and other economic resources spent on collecting and/or transporting fuels can be used for other household needs if access to energy is facilitated; energy availability for transportation increases access to health and education facilities and allow increased economic activity by facilitating the transportation of goods and services to and from markets; energy for telecommunication technology (radio, television, telephone, or internet) provides increased access to information useful for health, education, or economic purposes; provision of energy to rural and urban health facilities allows increased delivery and coverage of 3 various health services and interventions such as tests and treatments, better storage of medicine and vaccines, disinfection of medical equipment by boiling or radiation, and more frequent and efficient health system encounters through mobile clinics or longer working hours; and so on. In fact, while the dominant view of development-energy-health linkages has been that improvements in energy and health are outcomes of the socioeconomic development process (e.g., the ''energy ladder'' framework discussed below), it has even been argued that access to higher quality energy sources and technologies can initiate a chain of demographic, health, and development outcomes by changing the household structure and socioeconomic relationships. For example, in addition to increased opportunities for food and income production, reduced infant mortality as a result of transition to cleaner fuels or increased coverage of vaccination with availability of refrigerators in rural clinics may initiate a process of ''demographic transition'' to low-mortality and low-fertility populations (14). Such a transition has historically been followed with further improvements in maternal and child health and increased female participation in the labor markets and other economic activities.

  10. Estimating Traveler Populations at Airport and Cruise Terminals for Population Distribution and Dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jochem, Warren C; Sims, Kelly M; Bright, Eddie A; Urban, Marie L; Rose, Amy N; Coleman, Phil R; Bhaduri, Budhendra L

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, uses of high-resolution population distribution databases are increasing steadily for environmental, socioeconomic, public health, and disaster-related research and operations. With the development of daytime population distribution, temporal resolution of such databases has been improved. However, the lack of incorporation of transitional population, namely business and leisure travelers, leaves a significant population unaccounted for within the critical infrastructure networks, such as at transportation hubs. This paper presents two general methodologies for estimating passenger populations in airport and cruise port terminals at a high temporal resolution which can be incorporated into existing population distribution models. The methodologies are geographically scalable and are based on, and demonstrate how, two different transportation hubs with disparate temporal population dynamics can be modeled utilizing publicly available databases including novel data sources of flight activity from the Internet which are updated in near-real time. The airport population estimation model shows great potential for rapid implementation for a large collection of airports on a national scale, and the results suggest reasonable accuracy in the estimated passenger traffic. By incorporating population dynamics at high temporal resolutions into population distribution models, we hope to improve the estimates of populations exposed to or at risk to disasters, thereby improving emergency planning and response, and leading to more informed policy decisions.

  11. A Decade of Population Change in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1963-01-01

    .4 36.4 27.8 19.7 24.9 10.1 20.2 24.2 Source: U.S. Bureau of Census, PC (1) 45A-Texas, Table 1. only three states, California, Florida and New York. The state had 5.1 percent of the nation's people in 1950 and 5.3 percent in 1960. Texas ranks... sixth in comparison with other states in total population, the same position it held in 1950. States having larger population in 1960 were New York, California, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Ohio. Population Density Although Texas ranks sixth in total...

  12. Accounting for population variation in targeted proteomics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujimoto, Grant M.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Rodriguez, Larissa M.; Wu, Chaochao; MacLean, Brendan; Smith, Richard D.; MacCoss, Michael; Payne, Samuel H.

    2014-01-03

    Individual proteomes typically differ from the reference human proteome at ~10,000 single amino acid variants. When viewed at the population scale, this individual variation results in a wide variety of protein sequences. In targeted proteomics experiments, such variability would confound accurate protein quantification. To facilitate researchers in identifying target peptides with high variability within the human population we have created the Population Variation plug-in for Skyline, which provides easy access to the polymorphisms stored in dbSNP. Given a set of peptides, the tool reports minor allele frequency for common polymorphisms. We highlight the importance of considering genetic variation by applying the tool to public datasets.

  13. Hanford Site Regional Population - 2010 Census

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, Erin L.; Snyder, Sandra F.

    2011-08-12

    The U.S. Department of Energy conducts radiological operations in south-central Washington State. Population dose estimates must be performed to provide a measure of the impact from site radiological releases. Results of the U.S. 2010 Census were used to determine counts and distributions for the residential population located within 50-miles of several operating areas of the Hanford Site. Year 2010 was the first census year that a 50-mile population of a Hanford Site operational area exceeded the half-million mark.

  14. Putting the Dog Back in the Park: Animal and Human Mind-in-Action 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurier, Eric; Maze, Ramia; Lundin, Johan

    2006-01-01

    In this article we use actual instances of human conduct with animals to reflect on the debates about animal agency in human activities. Where much of psychology, philosophy, and sociology begin with a fundamental ...

  15. Reduction of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Present in Food Animal Manures by Composting and Anaerobic Digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    Reduction of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Present in Food Animal Manures by Composting digestion and composting at mesophilic or moderate temperature significantly reduced the antimicrobial resistance in animal manure. The most effective treatment was composting at thermophilic or high temperature

  16. Decoding Plant and Animal Genome Plasticity from Differential Paleo-Evolutionary Patterns and Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, Universiteit

    Decoding Plant and Animal Genome Plasticity from Differential Paleo-Evolutionary Patterns Continuing advances in genome sequencing technologies and computational methods for comparative genomics currently allow inferring the evolutionary history of entire plant and animal genomes. Based

  17. COMPARATIVE MEDICINE LABORATORY ANIMAL FACILITIES CONTROLLED/NON-CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES REQUEST FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    and inventory sheets must be returned to the Laboratory Animal Facilities at 204 BEB (technician's office to the Laboratory Animal Facilities at 204 BEB (technician's office). Approved by: Date: Issued By: Date: Comments

  18. Perceptions of beef cattle producers preparedness when dealing with animal activist events 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergin, Lauren Marie

    2013-05-03

    The purpose of the study is to identify beef cattle producers’ current knowledge level of animal activism and measure the perceived level of an animal activism risk to the operation. This convenience sample consisted of beef cattle producers...

  19. 2004 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare The Old School, Brewhouse Hill, Wheathampstead,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    S115 © 2004 Universities Federation for Animal Welfare The Old School, Brewhouse Hill by animals in choice tests and improvements in welfare is not straightfor- ward. A range of different

  20. Methane recovery from animal manures: A current opportunities casebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This Casebook examines some of the current opportunities for the recovery of methane from the anaerobic digestion of animal manures US livestock operations currently employ four types of anaerobic digester technology: Slurry, plug flow, complete mix, and covered lagoon. An introduction to the engineering economies of these technologies is provided, and possible end-use applications for the methane gas generated by the digestion process are discussed. The economic evaluations are based on engineering studies of digesters that generate electricity from the recovered methane. Regression models, which can be used to estimate digester cost and internal rate of return, are developed from the evaluations.

  1. Energy Supply- Production of Fuel from Agricultural and Animal Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gabriel Miller

    2009-03-25

    The Society for Energy and Environmental Research (SEER) was funded in March 2004 by the Department of Energy, under grant DE-FG-36-04GO14268, to produce a study, and oversee construction and implementation, for the thermo-chemical production of fuel from agricultural and animal waste. The grant focuses on the Changing World Technologies (CWT) of West Hempstead, NY, thermal conversion process (TCP), which converts animal residues and industrial food processing biproducts into fuels, and as an additional product, fertilizers. A commercial plant was designed and built by CWT, partially using grant funds, in Carthage, Missouri, to process animal residues from a nearby turkey processing plant. The DOE sponsored program consisted of four tasks. These were: Task 1 Optimization of the CWT Plant in Carthage - This task focused on advancing and optimizing the process plant operated by CWT that converts organic waste to fuel and energy. Task 2 Characterize and Validate Fuels Produced by CWT - This task focused on testing of bio-derived hydrocarbon fuels from the Carthage plant in power generating equipment to determine the regulatory compliance of emissions and overall performance of the fuel. Task 3 Characterize Mixed Waste Streams - This task focused on studies performed at Princeton University to better characterize mixed waste incoming streams from animal and vegetable residues. Task 4 Fundamental Research in Waste Processing Technologies - This task focused on studies performed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) on the chemical reformation reaction of agricultural biomass compounds in a hydrothermal medium. Many of the challenges to optimize, improve and perfect the technology, equipment and processes in order to provide an economically viable means of creating sustainable energy were identified in the DOE Stage Gate Review, whose summary report was issued on July 30, 2004. This summary report appears herein as Appendix 1, and the findings of the report formed the basis for much of the subsequent work under the grant. An explanation of the process is presented as well as the completed work on the four tasks.

  2. Automated Vehicle Articulation and Animation: A Maxscript Approach 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Christopher Corey

    2011-02-22

    stream_source_info GRIFFIN-THESIS.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 68093 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name GRIFFIN-THESIS.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 AUTOMATED VEHICLE... Subject: Visualization Sciences AUTOMATED VEHICLE ARTICULATION AND ANIMATION: A MAXSCRIPT APPROACH A Thesis by CHRISTOPHER GRIFFIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements...

  3. Introduction: The University of Connecticut Health Center is actively involved in working with animals. In

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an allergic reaction to animals. If you are experiencing hives, a runny nose or eyes, coughing or shortness

  4. Conditions when hybridization might predispose populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMENTARY Conditions when hybridization might predispose populations for adaptive radiation O (Sch- warzer et al., 2012), perhaps just as a consequence of many young species in geographical et al., 2011; Genner & Turner, 2012). Whether these species radiations happen despite hybridization

  5. The Population Structure of Ten Newfoundland Outports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, L. J.; Crawford, Michael H.; Koertvelyessy, T. A.; Keeping, D.; Collins, M.; Huntsman, R.

    2000-12-01

    mean per-locus heterozygosity on genetic distance from the gene frequency centroid to identify the most isolated populations. On the basis of this information, the three outports of Seal Cove, Island Harbor, and Tilting were found to be genetically...

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Morphological differentiation among populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    vertebral column). We investigated inter-population variation in survival rate, abundance of predators presacral vertebral column, and narrower head in sites with increased abundance of spiders and snakes

  7. Neoclassical formulations of optimum population theory 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Glenn Anthony

    1971-01-01

    population concept and concludes wi. th an analysis of its modern-day version. There is widespread belief that this concept msy have originated from the so-called ulawu of secular diminishing returns as formulated by Ricardo and West. However... on the other, would be inadequate. D. P. Mukerji has noted that the development of economic thought contained within itself a motive power for the drive towards the optimum [25, 155]. Rudiments of the ides of optimum population have been detected...

  8. A Simple Framework for Natural Animation of Digitized Models Edilson de Aguiar, Rhaleb Zayer, Christian Theobalt, Hans-Peter Seidel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnor, Marcus

    - erate animations of scanned human characters from input optical motion capture data. Our method- proach to animate virtual characters. It uses a purely mesh- based animation paradigm that integrates into the traditional animation workflow. It can be used to realistically animate static meshes of arbitrary humans

  9. Carnival: a modular framework for automated facial animation Michael Berger, Gregor Hofer, Hiroshi Shimodaira

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    any facial model created in standard animation packages. Solution Software framework called "CarnivalCarnival: a modular framework for automated facial animation Michael Berger, Gregor Hofer, Hiroshi.a.berger@sms.ed.ac.uk Problem Facial animation is difficult to do convincingly, particularly when synchronizing with speech

  10. SnakeToonz : A Semi-Automatic Approach to Creating Cel Animation Aseem Agarwala1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    . The ability to create cartoons has tradi- tionally been limited to professional animation houses and trained-film cartoons are hand-drawn by animation houses with large teams of highly-trained artists at a very high 1SnakeToonz : A Semi-Automatic Approach to Creating Cel Animation from Video Aseem Agarwala1 Starlab

  11. How animals glide: from trajectory to morphology1 John J. Sochaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Socha, Jake

    for the kinetic energy of movement. Gliding requires only that the animal is denser than the surrounding medium powered by muscle. A large range of animals can glide in air or water, but no analogue to an aerial gliderHow animals glide: from trajectory to morphology1 John J. Sochaa , Farid Jafaria , Yonatan Munkb

  12. OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR THE ANIMAL GENOMICS FOCUS GROUP (as of Sept 12 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernest, Holly

    OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR THE ANIMAL GENOMICS FOCUS GROUP (as of Sept 12 2008) OBJECTIVES The Animal Genomics (AG) focus group within the Genetics Graduate Group (GGG) will bring together faculty who are active in this area of research to enhance the training opportunities in this area. Animal Genomics

  13. Morphology of the Small-Animal Lung Using Magnetic Resonance Microscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morphology of the Small-Animal Lung Using Magnetic Resonance Microscopy Laurence W. Hedlund and G motion control and animal support, the lungs of the live, small animal can be imaged. Although in vivo He, it is possible to image the tissue and gas compartments of the lung. This capability

  14. Getting to Know You Kyle Chu, DVM, is a small animal medicine and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getting to Know You Kyle Chu, DVM, is a small animal medicine and surgery rotating intern, he became a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Large Animal). He Medicine. #12;Cynthia Hopf, DVM, is a small animal medicine and surgery rotating intern. Originally from

  15. Industrialized Animal Production--A Major Source of Nutrient and Microbial Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallin, Michael

    and regionally. Individual concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) now house hundreds to thousandsIndustrialized Animal Production--A Major Source of Nutrient and Microbial Pollution to Aquatic, and cattle are raised and fed in concen- trated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) owned by large, vertically

  16. Anim. Behav.,1986,34, 1601-1616 The making of ethology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    Anim. Behav.,1986,34, 1601-1616 The making of ethology: The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour, 1936-1986 JOHN R. DURANT Department Jor External Studies, University of Oxford, Rewley House, 1 for the Study of Animal Behaviour in its 50th anniversary year. Having discussed the founding of the Institute

  17. Animated characters can play the role of teachers or guides, teammates or com-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brogan, David

    state of the user and other characters in the virtual environment. Keyframing requires that the animator Environments 0272-1716/98/$10.00 © 1998 IEEE Animating Humans 2 September/October 1998 Border colAnimated characters can play the role of teachers or guides, teammates or com- petitors, or just

  18. In the next millennium, computer animation will be both the same as now and also very

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Badler, Norman I.

    between animators and the virtual beings they create. Natural movements By studying actual human movementsIn the next millennium, computer animation will be both the same as now and also very different. Animators will always have tools that allow specifying and controlling--through manual interac- tive

  19. A multiagent framework to animate socially intelligent Francisco Grimaldo, Miguel Lozano, Fernando Barber

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimaldo, Francisco

    , as it is the responsible for the actions that will be finally animated. Virtual humans normally play a role (e.g. a virtual framework designed to animate groups of synthetic humans that properly balance task oriented and social be to the design of an adequate framework to produce good quality animations for groups of virtual hu- mans. When

  20. Relating to Things that Think Animated Toys, Artificial Creatures, V-Avatars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    music boxes to wind-up toys, from Tamaguchi to virtual Petz and Babyz, animated toys occupy a special, 1979). Humans also relate differently to objects that they animate in their imagination (personify1 Relating to Things that Think Animated Toys, Artificial Creatures, V-Avatars Edith Ackermann From

  1. Making H-Anim bodies Won-Sook Lee, Taro Goto, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, WonSook

    virtual human and H- Anim compatible bodies are able to be visualized in any VRML97 compliant browser, to make an H-Anim compatible virtual humans is very important now. There are various approaches to make Humanoid H-Anim bodies. In addition, it treats not only an animatable virtual bodies but also photo

  2. PHOTOREALISTIC ATTENTION-BASED GAZE ANIMATION Laurent Itti, Nitin Dhavale and Frederic Pighin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Itti, Laurent

    - trol to the automatic animation of a photorealistic virtual human head. The attention model simulates autonomous virtual human animation is of photorealistic quality. 1. INTRODUCTION This study addresses. The model's output animates a photorealistic 3D human face model, posing more stringent criteria

  3. Guidelines for Using Animal Manures and Manure-Based Composts in the Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Guidelines for Using Animal Manures and Manure-Based Composts in the Garden Animal manures and animal manure-based composts are rich in plant nutrients such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous (P amendments for the home gardener, it is important to use them effectively and safely. Manure or Compost

  4. Minutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team October 6, 2005, Raleigh, NC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and large animal composting. Sanjay has established a schedule for articles to appear and will contactMinutes of Southern Region Animal Waste Team October 6, 2005, Raleigh, NC Attendance: John Worley Facilitation project funded by CSREES called the National Animal Agriculture Learning Center. Rick Koelsch

  5. Small animal electric and magnetic field exposure systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patterson, R.C.; Dietrich, F.M.

    1993-10-01

    Laboratory evaluation of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) and cancer in animals requires exposure of relatively large numbers of animals, usually rats or mice, to 60-Hz fields under very well controlled conditions for periods of up to two years. This report describes two exposure systems, the first of which is based on modifications of an existing electric field exposure system to include magnetic field exposure capability. In this system, each module houses 576--768 mice, which can be exposed to electric field levels of up to 100 kV/m and magnetic field levels of up to 10 Gauss. When a module was operated at 10 Gauss, measured levels of noise and vibration fell substantially below the detection threshold for humans. Moreover, temperature rise in the coils did not exceed 12{degrees}C at the 10 Gauss level. Specifications and test results for the second system, which provides magnetic field exposure capability only, are similar, except that each module houses 624--780 mice. After installation of the second system at the West Los Angeles Veterans Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, additional results were obtained. This report provides a complete description of the engineering design, specifications, and test results for the completed systems.

  6. Policy on Presence of Service Animals on Campus January 6, 2010 University of Windsor -Employment Equity Office 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy on Presence of Service Animals on Campus January 6, 2010 University of Windsor - Employment Equity Office 1 POLICY ON PRESENCE OF SERVICE ANIMALS ON CAMPUS #12;Policy on Presence of Service Animals of Contents.............................................................................. 2 Policy Title

  7. Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population Biology of Greater Prairie-Chickens Environmental Impacts of Wind Power Development on the Population Biology of...

  8. Fact #661: February 7, 2011 Population Density | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    states, the population is generally less dense, with the exceptions being California, Hawaii, and Washington. Every state except Michigan experienced increased population density...

  9. How should environmental stress affect the population dynamics of disease?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Robert D.

    in pollution (Khan 1990), malnutrition (Beck & Levander 2000) and thermal stress from climate change (Harvell and disease in natural populations. Keywords Disease, dynamics, host, infectious, model, pollution, population

  10. Methane recovery from animal manures: A current opportunities casebook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lusk, P.

    1994-12-01

    One manure management system provides not only pollution prevention but also converts a manure management problem into a new profit center. Economic evaluations and case studies of operating systems indicate that the anaerobic digestion of livestock manures is a commercially-available bioconversion technology with considerable potential for providing profitable co-products including a cost-effective renewable fuel for livestock production operations. This Casebook examines some of the current opportunities for the recovery of methane from the anaerobic digestion of animal manures. The economic evaluations are based on engineering studies of digesters that generate electricity from the recovered methane. Regression models, which can be used to estimate digester cost and internal rate of return, are developed from the evaluations. Finally, anaerobic digestion has considerable potential beyond agribusiness. Examples of digesters currently employed by other industries are provided.

  11. Potato Nematodes A Farm Guide to Nematode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    .....................................13 Compost..........................................14 Chemical Nematodes are roundworms classified in the Phylum Nematoda of the Animal Kingdom. Because they inhabit soil

  12. Population dynamics of the Concho water snake 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, James Michael

    1990-01-01

    Recruitment B. SE Capture Probability SE 15 Sep 1987 8 Oct 1987 23 Apr 1988 13 Aug 1988 22 May 1989 19 Jul 1989 14-16 Sep 6-19 Oct 13 Apr-4 May 31 Aug. 27 Sep 17 May-15 Jun 29 Jun-9 Aug 21. 0 15. 7 54. 7 48. 1 15 0 e*** 2/ 0 **** **** ee*e... **a*** Table 12. Jolly-Saber estimates and standard errors for the 1988 sge class of e Concho water snake population st Egan Dairy on the Colorado River, Texas. Population Size Survival Probability Recruitment Capture Probability 31 Aug 1988...

  13. The physical and emotional benefits of companion animals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tietjen, Holli Marie

    2006-10-30

    in the U.K., U.S.A., Australia, and Canada [21]. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to measure depression and was chosen for its reliability and validity in screening for depression in a hepatitis C population, a... am very happy? to ?I am incredibly happy?. Higher scores indicate greater levels of happiness and total scores range from 29 to 116. The CES-D is a self-reported measure of depressive symptoms. It is composed of 20 items based on a four point...

  14. Contributed Paper Population Consequences of Environmental Sex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cotton, Sam

    population sizes considerably. This may limit any evolutionary response to the deleterious effects of ESR sexuales y el crecimiento y persistencia de la poblaci´on despu´es de la exposici´on a fuerzas ambientales feminizaci´on moderada fue ben´efica para el crecimiento poblacional en la ausencia de efectos notables sobre

  15. Competitive niche: Way of population regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meszéna, Géza

    1 / 27 Competitive niche: Way of population regulation G´eza Mesz´ena1, Andr´as Szil´agyi1, Kalle of coexistence Theory Regulating loop Results Examples Spatial segregation Functional & spatial segregation Regulating loop y Results Examples Conclusions 7 / 27 #12;Regulating loop Introduction Theory y Regulating

  16. Population genetic analyses suggest that the Eucalyptus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Population genetic analyses suggest that the Eucalyptus fungal pathogen Ceratocystis fimbriata has , Brenda D. Wingfield a , Gilbert N. Kamgan b and Michael J. Wingfield a Introduction Eucalyptus species, with Eucalyptus comprising about 40% of the total area.3 This is an important crop that sustains large pulp, sawn

  17. Stoichiometry and population dynamics Tom Andersen,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elser, Jim

    development, theoretical population biology has built on variants of the Lotka­Volterra equations stable states under stoichiometric constraints, for negative effects of solar radiation on herbivores via), dealing with the balance of energy and chemical elements in ecological interactions and especially

  18. Population Composition of an Exploited Hawaiian Fishery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockett, Patricia Malamalama

    2015-05-26

    the islands of Nihoa, Kaua‘i, Maui, O‘ahu, and Hawai‘i to test for relationships between genetic diversity, population size, island age, and harvest pressure. Global estimates of genetic differentiation among islands are greater than those estimated with mt...

  19. Body Animation Parameters (BAPs) are used to animate MPEG-4 compliant virtual human-like characters. In order to stream BAPs in real time interactive environments, the BAPs are compressed for low bitrate representation using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhandarkar, Suchendra "Suchi" M.

    ABSTRACT Body Animation Parameters (BAPs) are used to animate MPEG-4 compliant virtual human network environment. Keywords Human Motion, Virtual Human Animation, MPEG-4 BAP compression 1. INTRODUCTION Animation of human-like virtual characters has potential applications in the design of human

  20. Energetics of Yellow-Bellied Marmot Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgore, Delbert L.; Armitage, Kenneth

    1978-01-01

    . Neither the energy value of marmot tissue nor the net efficiency of growth was determined; instead, values from other rodents were used: energy value of live-weight tissue of neonates (K,), 4.31 kJ/g (Gorecki 1965), of weanling animals (K2), 6.0 k... sunrise to near dark, the location and activity of each marmot was recorded at 10-min intervals. Laboratory studies Food consumption measurements, from which esti- mates of energy intake, digested energy, and digestive efficiency were obtained, were...

  1. $?$-Ray Pulsars: Emission Zones and Viewing Geometries, A Computer Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. -A. Yadigaroglu; Roger W. Romani

    1994-06-08

    The computer animation illustrates the geometries described in a paper by the same authors. The preprint is available as number 9401045. The opening scene shows dipole field lines emanating from the polar caps of a rotating neutron star. The dipole axis is inclined along the green rods. The field lines shown are defined from the condition that they be tangent to the light cylinder (the cylindrical radius at which the tangential velocity of rotation reaches the speed of light). The static dipole field lines are smoothly morphed into the correct retarted-potential vacuum solutions. A red surface spanning these field lines is painted. In the next scene the blue surfaces represent the outer gaps above the surface of last closed field lines. High energy emission (blue) is produced in these outer gaps, and is beamed tangentially along the field lines. The radio emission (green) originates close to the surface of the star and is beamed along the dipole axes. The inclination angle $\\alpha$ of the dipole and the viewing angle $\\zeta$ are chosen to match the Crab parameters; $\\alpha$ = 70, $\\zeta$ = 65. The corresponding light curve is computed and shown for these angles, and the red dot traces rotation phase. The next scene shows the situation for angles appropriate to PSR1706-44; $\\alpha$ = 45, $\\zeta$ = 65. The final scene is a possibility for Geminga; $\\alpha$ = 20, $\\zeta$ = 75. These angles are poorly constrained as there is no radio emission.

  2. Anatomic and functional imaging of tagged molecules in animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weisenberger, Andrew G. (Yorktown, VA); Majewski, Stanislaw (Grafton, VA); Paulus, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN); Gleason, Shaun S. (Knoxville, VA)

    2007-04-24

    A novel functional imaging system for use in the imaging of unrestrained and non-anesthetized small animals or other subjects and a method for acquiring such images and further registering them with anatomical X-ray images previously or subsequently acquired. The apparatus comprises a combination of an IR laser profilometry system and gamma, PET and/or SPECT, imaging system, all mounted on a rotating gantry, that permits simultaneous acquisition of positional and orientational information and functional images of an unrestrained subject that are registered, i.e. integrated, using image processing software to produce a functional image of the subject without the use of restraints or anesthesia. The functional image thus obtained can be registered with a previously or subsequently obtained X-ray CT image of the subject. The use of the system described herein permits functional imaging of a subject in an unrestrained/non-anesthetized condition thereby reducing the stress on the subject and eliminating any potential interference with the functional testing that such stress might induce.

  3. The role of hair in swimming of laboratory mice: implications for behavioural studies in animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalueff, Allan V.

    of Clinical Chemistry, University Hospital, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland Summary Animal Hospital, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland. Email: avkalueff@inbox.ru #12;significant area

  4. Eurographics/ ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation (2014) Vladlen Koltun and Eftychios Sifakis (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    2014-01-01

    Eurographics/ ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation (2014) Vladlen Koltun and Eftychios Descriptors (according to ACM CCS): I.3.7 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modeling

  5. Awake Animal Imaging at BNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Awake Animal Imaging at BNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Applications of Nuclear Science Applications of Nuclear Science...

  6. K-Sketch: A "Kinetic" Sketch Pad for Novice Animators Richard C. Davis Brien Colwell, James A. Landay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    -Sketch. Field studies investigating the needs of animators and would-be animators helped us collect a library quickly, we have developed a general-purpose, informal, 2D animation sketching system called K-Sketch to a more formal animation tool (PowerPoint), participants worked three times faster, needed half

  7. Animating the Evolution of a Field John B. Schneider, Patrick J. Flynn \\Lambda , and Kurt L. Shlager y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, John B.

    software was required to produce such animations. Here we present a relatively simple scheme to animate. Public­domain software is used to view the frames as an animated sequence or to gen­ erate an MPEG file of ``in­house'' animation capabilities has historically been beyond the reach of smaller research

  8. How do SNP ascertainment schemes and population demographics affect inferences about population history?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McTavish, Emily Jane; Hills, David M.

    2015-03-17

    of population genetic parameters using empirical and simulated data representing the three major continental groups of cattle: European, African, and Indian. We simulated data under three demographic models. Each simulated data set was subjected to three...

  9. HLA Genes in the Chuvashian Population from European Russia: Admixture of Central European and Mediterranean Populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Martinez-Laso, Jorge; Moscoso, Juan; Livshits, Gregory; Zamora, Jorge; Gomez-Casado, Eduardo; Silvera-Redondo, Carlos; Melvin, Kristin L.; Crawford, Michael H.

    2003-06-01

    HLA alleles have been determined for the first time in individuals from the Chuvashian population by DNA typing and sequencing. HLA-A, -B, -DR, and -DQ allele frequencies and extended haplotypes have also been determined, ...

  10. The Genetic Structure of the Kuwaiti Population: mtDNA Inter- and Intra-population Variation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theyab, Jasem; Al-Bustan, Suzanne; Crawford, Michael H.

    2012-08-01

    it to their neighboring populations. These subpopulations were tested for genetic homogeneity and shown to be heterogeneous. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and mtDNA sequencing analyses of HVRI were used to reconstruct the genetic structure of Kuwait...

  11. Emergent vortices in populations of colloidal rollers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine Bricard; Jean-Baptiste-Caussin; Debasish Das; Charles Savoie; Vijayakumar Chikkadi; Kyohei Shitara; Oleksandr Chepizhko; Fernando Peruani; David Saintillan; Denis Bartolo

    2015-06-26

    Coherent vortical motion has been reported in a wide variety of populations including living organisms (bacteria, fishes, human crowds) and synthetic active matter (shaken grains, mixtures of biopolymers), yet a unified description of the formation and structure of this pattern remains lacking. Here we report the self-organization of motile colloids into a macroscopic steadily rotating vortex. Combining physical experiments and numerical simulations, we elucidate this collective behavior. We demonstrate that the emergent-vortex structure lives on the verge of a phase separation, and single out the very constituents responsible for this state of polar active matter. Building on this observation, we establish a continuum theory and lay out a strong foundation for the description of vortical collective motion in a broad class of motile populations constrained by geometrical boundaries.

  12. Obstacle to populating the string theory landscape

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Matthew C; Larfors, Magdalena

    2008-12-15

    We construct domain walls and instantons in a class of models with coupled scalar fields, determining, in agreement with previous studies, that many such solutions contain naked timelike singularities. Vacuum bubble solutions of this type do not contain a region of true vacuum, obstructing the ability of eternal inflation to populate other vacua. We determine a criterion that potentials must satisfy to avoid the existence of such singularities and show that many domain wall solutions in type IIB string theory are singular.

  13. Presented by LandScan Population Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Bhaduri_LandScan_SC10 Kosovo Refugee Crisis 1998 May 25 of Energy Bhaduri_LandScan_SC10 What is LandScan? Population distribution model, database, and tool people are located #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Bhaduri_LandScan_SC10

  14. Comparing Two Population Proportions March 4, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    Comparing Two Population Proportions March 4, 2010 In this worksheet, we will test whether or not the proportions of blue M&M's and red M&M's in a random package are the same. Before beginning, do you think&M's, this is n1. Count the total number of red M&M's and compute the proportion. This is p1. n1 = p1 = 3. Open

  15. Stellar populations in the Phoenix dwarf galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrico V. Held; Ivo Saviane; Yazan Momany

    1999-03-01

    We have obtained deep BVI CCD photometry of Phoenix, a galaxy considered a transition case between dwarf spheroidal and dwarf irregular galaxies. A comparison of our data with the RGBs of Galactic globular clusters gives a mean metal abundance [Fe/H] = -1.81+/-0.10 dex. The presence of an intrinsic color dispersion in the upper red RGB suggests an abundance range of about 0.5 dex, although a range in age may also affect the RGB width. For the first time, a HB has been revealed at V~23.8. The HB is predominantly red yet moderately extended to the blue, which indicates the presence of a significant population with age comparable to that of old halo GGCs. This HB morphology in a metal-poor system indicates a mild "second parameter" effect. From the mean level of the HB we derived a true distance modulus 23.21+/-0.08, in good agreement with the distance modulus 23.04+/-0.07 estimated from the cutoff of the RGB at I~23.1. We find a radial gradient in the HB morphology, and our CMDs show a small number of stars above the RGB tip, that most likely are AGB stars of an intermediate age population. Their number indicates that the fraction of intermediate age population in Phoenix is approximately 30-40%. A young stellar population is definitely present in Phoenix, consistent with a star formation episode started at least 0.6 Gyr ago, up to 1x10^{8} yr ago. Both young stars and AGB stars are centrally concentrated, which indicates that recent star formation preferentially occurred in the inner galaxy regions. In many respects, Phoenix appears not dissimilar from dwarf spheroidal galaxies in the Local Group.

  16. New insights from animal models of colon cancer: inflammation control as a new facet on the tumor suppressor APC gem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeineldin, Maged; Neufeld, Kristi L.

    2015-01-30

    and gut microbiome Colon epithelial cells are exposed to a unique external environment. The colon lumen contains hard fecal matter, posing a potential threat of mechanical injury.70 In addition, the colon is inhabited by over one hundred trillion... bacterial cells (almost ten times the number of cells in an adult human). These gut microbes consume organic materials and secrete various secondary metabolites.71,72 Intestinal epithelial cells have several lines of defense that prevent bacterial...

  17. Observations on the measurement of total antimony and antimony species in algae, plant and animal tissuesw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canberra, University of

    Observations on the measurement of total antimony and antimony species in algae, plant and animal of total antimony and antimony speciation in algae, plant and animal tissues. Digestion with nitric acid.g. some plants and algae, the addition of tetrafluorboric acid is required to dissolve silica as some

  18. Trends in animal behaviour research (19682002): ethoinformatics and the mining of library databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ord, Terry

    Trends in animal behaviour research (1968­2002): ethoinformatics and the mining of library publications contained in an electronic library database to examine trends in animal behaviour research. We Department, Indiana University zSchool of Library and Information Science, Indiana University (Received 8

  19. An Architecture for Motion Capture Based Animation Fernando Wagner Serpa Vieira da Silva 1;2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    An Architecture for Motion Capture Based Animation Fernando Wagner Serpa Vieira da Silva 1;2 Luiz, Brazil, Caixa Postal 68511 Abstract. This paper proposes an architecture for motion capture based­generated choreogra­ phies. In this work 1 , we propose an architecture for motion capture based animation systems

  20. Defining the Origins of the NOD-Like Receptor System at the Base of Animal Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Defining the Origins of the NOD-Like Receptor System at the Base of Animal Evolution Christina mechanisms at the base of animal evolution. Key words: Hydra, innate immunity, epithelial defense, NOD and oligomerisation domain-like receptors (NLRs) or NODs. Vertebrate NLR genes encode regulatory cytosolic proteins

  1. Energy, quiescence and the cellular basis of animal life spans Jeffrey A. Stuart , Melanie F. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Jeffrey A.

    Review Energy, quiescence and the cellular basis of animal life spans Jeffrey A. Stuart , Melanie F insufficient energy is available to grow and reproduce. Many animals adapt to this challenge by entering in energy sensing that are sensitive to aspects of mitochondrial energy transduction and can be modulated

  2. Animal carcasses must be handled properly to prevent harm to people, herds, flocks,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    : · Your full name and address · The type of animal(s) to be buried · A short description of the locations include a map showing the general location of the burial area. Mail the letter to the Industrial and Hazardous Waste Permits Section, MC-130, TCEQ, P.O. Box 13087, Austin, TX 78711-3087; Phone: 512

  3. Introduction Free-living animals need to forage for food and they may

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saltzman, Wendy

    ), but when food availability is low for extended periods animals must reallocate energy to systems that need adjustments. Key words: mouse, daily energy expenditure, doubly labeled water technique, ene2013 Introduction Free-living animals need to forage for food and they may face energetic

  4. Studies on the significance of antibiotics and related substances in large animal nutrition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bridges, Jimmie Harris

    1955-01-01

    nutrition 3 Effect of antibiotics in swine nutrition ............ 5 Mode of action of a n t i b i o t i c s ..................... 9 Arsenicals in animal nutrition ? ? .............. .................. . . . 13 Antibiotics in ruminant nutrition... t i c s ..................... 9 Arsenicals in animal nutrition ? ? .............. .. ...................... 13 Antibiotics in ruminant nutrition ................... ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 15 Effects of antibiotics on the activity of rumen...

  5. The two most common complaints the public has about animal feeding operations (AFOs) are

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    to evaluate a community's exposure to odor and dust from existing swine production facilities. The model also organic compounds emitted by animals and by the decomposition of manure. Depending on the animal species, type of housing, and ma- nure management method, manure may contain urine, feces, feathers, waste feed

  6. Glass Sponges and Bilaterian Animals Share Derived Mitochondrial Genomic Features: A Common Ancestry or Parallel Evolution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavrov, Dennis V.

    Glass Sponges and Bilaterian Animals Share Derived Mitochondrial Genomic Features: A Common Oceanographic Institution, Fort Pierce, Florida Glass sponges (Hexactinellida) are a group of deep-water benthic glass sponges and bilaterian animals, including an Arg / Ser change in the genetic code

  7. The permissibility of using somatic cell nuclear transfer techniques on nonhuman animals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatliff, Jason R

    2000-01-01

    Somatic cell nuclear transfer is the process of cloning that produced Dolly. In order to clone an animal using somatic cell nuclear transfer, a donor cell is collected from an animal that one wants to clone and placed in a culture with a very low...

  8. 114 Animal and Sciences PhD Major Code Major College Bachelor's Master's Doctor's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    114 Animal and Sciences PhD Major Code Major College Bachelor's Master's Doctor MAgEd 106 Biosystems Engineering CAFLS BS MS PhD 107 Agricultural Mechanization and Business CAFLS BS 110 Policy Studies PhD 112 Animal and Veterinary Sciences CAFLS BS

  9. Animation and Visualization of Spot Prices via Quadratized Power Flow Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Animation and Visualization of Spot Prices via Quadratized Power Flow Analysis A. P. Sakis@attbi.com Abstract This paper presents a new model for efficient calculation of spot prices and animation and visualization of spot price evolution as the system operating point is changing. The computational method

  10. Eurographics/ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation (2005) K. Anjyo, P. Faloutsos (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezzat, Tony

    2005-01-01

    -based videorealistic speech animation [BCS97, CG00,EGP02] has drawn wide attention due to its supreme visual realism is required as the database for creating novel speech animation by re-arrangement [BCS97], concatenation [CG00 algorithm to refine the MMM phoneme model by incorporating a linear regression adaptation con- cept

  11. EUROGRAPHICS 2002 / N.N. Short Presentations Real Time Animated Grass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidrich, Wolfgang

    in the wind, in real time. The technique employs vertex shaders to render displacement maps with Russian doll style transparent shells. Animation is achieved by translating the surface according to a local wind of the animation di- rection, in response to a simulated wind field, is maintained at the vertex level. At each

  12. A bio-inspired limb controller for avatar animation AL. Cruz Ruiza,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the limb position with the objective to enhance virtual avatar animation. 2. Methods Let us considerA bio-inspired limb controller for avatar animation AL. Cruz Ruiza,b *, C. Pontonniera,c and G-Cyr Coëtquidan, Guer, France Keywords: motor control; musculoskeletal modeling; human motion synthesis

  13. Eurographics/ ACM SIGGRAPH Symposium on Computer Animation (2007) D. Metaxas and J. Popovic (Editors)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terzopoulos, Demetri

    2007-01-01

    (Editors) A Decision Network Framework for the Behavioral Animation of Virtual Humans Qinxin Yu1 behavioral animation in virtual humans, which addresses the challeng- ing open problem of simulating social is to develop advanced be- havioral systems for virtual humans. In particular, we ad- dress the level

  14. BAAP: A Behavioral Animation Authoring Platform for Emotion Driven 3D Virtual Characters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BAAP: A Behavioral Animation Authoring Platform for Emotion Driven 3D Virtual Characters Ling Li1 and practical in generating intelligent and emotional behavioral animations. Keywords: virtual character edwin.song@intel.com Abstract. Emotion, as an important aspect of human intelligence, has been playing

  15. An Example-based Approach to Text-driven Speech Animation with Emotional Expressions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Henry

    .1 Motivation Visual speech animations of virtual characters have been playing increasingly im- portant roles in human-computer interaction. For example, virtual characters with talking faces are now widely used. In general, the visual speech animation of a virtual character is required to be synchronized with a given

  16. Influence of Dynamic Wrinkles on the Perceived Realism of Real-Time Character Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . It is thus necessary to study the impact of secondary animations on realism by including human perceptionInfluence of Dynamic Wrinkles on the Perceived Realism of Real-Time Character Animation Javier Alcon Universidad Rey Juan Carlos Modeling and Virtual Reality Group c/ Tulipàn, s/n 28933, Mòstoles

  17. The SignCom System for Data-Driven Animation of Interactive Virtual Signers: Methodology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The SignCom System for Data-Driven Animation of Interactive Virtual Signers: Methodology and Real- ism--Animation; J.5 [Arts and Humanities]: --Linguistics General Terms: Algorithms,Design,Experimentation,Human by the human user signing towards a camera by which the system recognizes his/her signs, and by the virtual

  18. Hierarchical Agent Interface for Animation Armin Bruderlin and Sidney Fels and Silvio Esser and Kenji Mase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    British Columbia, University of

    the domain of animating human- like agents in a virtual world. Keywords: intelligent agents, creative processHierarchical Agent Interface for Animation Armin Bruderlin and Sidney Fels and Silvio Esser hierarchy. In this paper, we argue that this multilevel hierarchy is a convenient way to create a human

  19. Abstract--Researchers have hypothesized that animal locomotory patterns seen are consistent with the resonant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    -645-3875). showed that humans, and by extension all animals, maintain resonance during walking and running [1, 2Abstract-- Researchers have hypothesized that animal locomotory patterns seen are consistent employed virtual prototyping with a capable musculoskeletal simulation model to study the same hypothesis

  20. VERY LOW BITRATE CODING OF VIRTUAL HUMAN ANIMATION IN MPEG-4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenberg, Albert

    VERY LOW BITRATE CODING OF VIRTUAL HUMAN ANIMATION IN MPEG-4 Tolga K. Capin1 , Eric Petajan2 describe the geometrical modeling of virtual human models. 1. INTRODUCTION The MPEG-4 Version 2 standard defines a Face and Body Animation object, with the goal to define synthetic human face and body models

  1. The natural history of telomeres: tools for aging animals and exploring the aging process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vleck, Carol

    The natural history of telomeres: tools for aging animals and exploring the aging process Carol M, IA 50014, USA Abstract We have been exploring the use of telomere length as a technique to age animals. If telomere restriction fragments (TRFs) shorten predictably with age in a particular tissue

  2. A unifying model for the structure of animal groups on the move

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cristiani, Emiliano

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we present an agent-based model for the simulation of animal groups on the move in two and three dimensions. The model takes into account only two forces: a long-range cohesion and a short-range repulsion. We also consider the visual field of the animals and the different zones where cohesion and repulsion are active. Interactions between animals are both metric and topological. Unlike most of the existing models, we do not take into account the alignment of the velocities. The main result is that, despite the simplicity of the model, we can obtain almost all known patterns commonly seen in nature for animal groups (globular, extended and front clusters, columns, Vees, Jays, echelons) without adding extra animal-specific features, disclosing the basic causes of pattern formation.

  3. Improving Healthcare for Populations: Building Smart and Integrated Remote Health Monitoring Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alshurafa, Nabil

    2015-01-01

    for Populations: Building Smart and Integrated Remote Healthfor Populations: Building Smart and Integrated Remote Health

  4. Genetic diversity and population structure of disjunct Newfoundland and central Ontario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Innes, David J.

    Genetic diversity and population structure of disjunct Newfoundland and central Ontario populations geographical range in Newfoundland for comparison with three populations from its central range in Ontario populations examined. The Newfoundland populations were as genetically variable as those from Ontario

  5. Linking Dynamical and Population Genetic Models of Persistent Viral Infection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, John K.; Williamson, Scott; Orive, Maria E.; Smith, Marilyn S.; Holt, Robert D.

    2003-07-01

    This article develops a theoretical framework to link dynamical and population genetic models of persistent viral infection. This linkage is useful because, while the dynamical and population genetic theories have developed ...

  6. Tailored Marketing for Under-represented Population Segments...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tailored Marketing for Under-represented Population Segments (201) Tailored Marketing for Under-represented Population Segments (201) August 13, 2015 3:00PM to 4:3...

  7. Population dynamics and management of free-roaming cats 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Paige McGee

    2006-08-16

    (Felis catus) populations. Thus, some information is repeated among chapters (i.e., problem definition, study area description). 3 CHAPTER II POPULATION DYNAMICS OF FREE-ROAMING CATS SYNOPSIS Free-roaming cats impact wildlife worldwide through...

  8. Size Dependent Population Dynamics of Microtus Ochrogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sauer, John R.; Slade, Norman A.

    1986-06-01

    stream_size 20190 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name slade_american_naturalist.pdf.txt stream_source_info slade_american_naturalist.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Vol. 127... therefore could make no direct comparison of age- and mass-based methods (such as the analysis in Werner and Caswell 1977 of a population of teasel, Dipsacus sylvestris Huds.). Subsequent to our analysis of voles, we com­ pared age- and mass...

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE Population structure, dispersal and colonization history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the population structure of the bumblebee Bombus hortorum in a model island system, the Western Isles of Scotland

  10. The reionization of galactic satellite populations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ocvirk, P.; Gillet, N.; Aubert, D.; Chardin, J. [Observatoire Astronomique de Strasbourg, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7550, 11 rue de l'Université, F-67000 Strasbourg (France); Knebe, A.; Yepes, G. [Grupo de Astrofísica, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Modulo C-8, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco E-280049 (Spain); Libeskind, N.; Gottlöber, S. [Leibniz-Institute für Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP), An der Sternwarte 16, D-14482 Potsdam (Germany); Hoffman, Y. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

    2014-10-10

    We use high-resolution simulations of the formation of the local group, post-processed by a radiative transfer code for UV photons, to investigate the reionization of the satellite populations of an isolated Milky Way-M31 galaxy pair in a variety of scenarios. We use an improved version of ATON which includes a simple recipe for radiative feedback. In our baseline models, reionization is initiated by low-mass, radiatively regulated halos at high redshift, until more massive halos appear, which then dominate and complete the reionization process. We investigate the relation between reionization history and present-day positions of the satellite population. We find that the average reionization redshift (z {sub r}) of satellites is higher near galaxy centers (MW and M31). This is due to the inside out reionization patterns imprinted by massive halos within the progenitor during the epoch of reionization, which end up forming the center of the galaxy. Due to incomplete dynamical mixing during galaxy assembly, these early patterns survive to present day, resulting in a clear radial gradient in the average satellite reionization redshift, up to the virial radius of MW and M31 and beyond. In the lowest emissivity scenario, the outer satellites are reionized about 180 Myr later than the inner satellites. This delay decreases with increasing source model emissivity, or in the case of external reionization by Virgo or M31, because reionization occurs faster overall and becomes spatially quasi-uniform at the highest emissivity.

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER Molecular identification of Bacteria and Eukarya inhabiting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christner, Brent C.

    . Cryoconite holes may serve as biological refuges that, on glacial melting, can repopulate the local and from the melted glacial ice. During the polar sum- mer, photosynthesis by algae and cyanobacteria environments. Keywords Antarctica Æ Cryoconite hole Æ Frozen ecosystem Æ Glacial ice Æ McMurdo Dry Valley Æ

  12. Distribution and Abundance Patterns of Spiders Inhabiting Cotton in Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, D.A.; Sterling, W.L.

    1987-01-01

    : Williamson. Southeast Texas: Fort Bend and Wharton. South Texas: Frio, Hidalgo, Nueces, and San Patricio. Collections from East Texas are from Walker County and cover the years 1978-81 using only D-Vac sampling for comparative purposes. The different... (Agnew et al. 1985) in Texas; alfalfa in Virginia (Howell and Pienkowski 1971); soybean in South Carolina (Roach 1980) and Iowa (Bechinski and Pedigo 1981); and sorghum in Oklahoma (Bailey and Chada 1968). It is found throughout the eastern half...

  13. Toward a shifting inhabitation, Kaho'olawe, Hawaii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gillmar, Emily S. T., 1978-

    2005-01-01

    The island of Kaho'olawe is a desert island in the Romantic sense: it is unapproachable and unsettleable, yet always an object of desire. Waterless, used for military target practice, cleaned up, and being replanted, the ...

  14. Inhabitant Guidance of Smart Environments Parisa Rashidi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Diane J.

    . In this paper, we describe a simulation tool that can be used to visualize activity data in a smart home, play in the context of the MavHome smart home. 1 Introduction Since the beginning, people have lived in places in the context of the MavHome smart home environment. 2 The MavHome Smart Home Environment Fig. 1. The Mav

  15. Introduction The marine environment inhabited by the American lobster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grosell, Martin

    change on the acid­base status of the lobster hemolymph. Total CO2, pH, PCO2 and HCO3 ­ were measured varies in temperature from 0 to 25°C depending on the seasons, the winds and the tides (Lawton and Lavalli, 1995). The breadth of this temperature range poses an interesting physiological challenge

  16. Inhabiting the square; a geometry for path and space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joslin, Alan Royal

    1982-01-01

    Geometries and geometric systems are not architecture, though architecture is geometric. Geometries and geometric systems, because of their autonomous nature, are generally understandable and can serve as the basis of ...

  17. Loggerhead sea turtles are circum-global, inhabiting temperate, sub-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. In the Pacific, loggerhead sea turtles have been in the North Pacific Ocean occurs in Japan; there is no known nesting in the east- ern North Pacific (Márquez in the oceanic realm of the central North Pacific Ocean are of Japanese stock (Dutton et al., 1998). Tagging

  18. Protecting Lab land and the creatures that inhabit it

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgramExemptions |(Conference)ProjectProposedAmerica's Future The

  19. Evidence for a mechanism of phenotypic integration of behaviour and innate immunity in a wild rodent: implications for animal personality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mateo, Jill M.

    Evidence for a mechanism of phenotypic integration of behaviour and innate immunity in a wild rodent: implications for animal personality and ecological immunology Andy Dosmann* , Katherine C. Brooks: animal personality bacteria-killing ability behavioural syndrome ecological immunology glucocorticoid

  20. Epidemiology of Bacterial Food-borne Pathogens: Linking Intermittent Pathogen Shedding and Transmission in Their Animal Hosts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam, Raju

    2013-04-30

    Most bacterial foodborne pathogens are shed intermittently from their animal hosts and are able to grow and persist in the environment. Cattle and pigs constitute the major animal reservoirs for these pathogens. The overall ...

  1. A Population Model for the Academic Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yan; Chiu, Dah Ming

    2015-01-01

    In recent times, the academic ecosystem has seen a tremendous growth in number of authors and publications. While most temporal studies in this area focus on evolution of co-author and citation network structure, this systemic inflation has received very little attention. In this paper, we address this issue by proposing a population model for academia, derived from publication records in the Computer Science domain. We use a generalized branching process as an overarching framework, which enables us to describe the evolution and composition of the research community in a systematic manner. Further, the observed patterns allow us to shed light on researchers' lifecycle encompassing arrival, academic life expectancy, activity, productivity and offspring distribution in the ecosystem. We believe such a study will help develop better bibliometric indices which account for the inflation, and also provide insights into sustainable and efficient resource management for academia.

  2. Old stellar populations in distant radio galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Dunlop

    1998-01-13

    I describe the current status of our attempts to determine the age of the oldest known stellar populations at high redshift, in the red mJy radio galaxies 53W091 ($z = 1.55$) and 53W069 ($z = 1.43$). During the past year the original conclusion of Dunlop et al. (1996) - that 53W091 is $>3$ Gyr old - has been questioned from two, basically orthogonal directions. First, reports that the near-infrared light from 53W091 is highly polarized have cast some doubt on whether its red colour is genuinely due to an old population of stars. Second, assuming that all the light is indeed due to stars, it has been claimed that 53W091 is in fact only 1-2 Gyr old. Here I present a preliminary analysis of new infrared polarimetric observations of 53W091 which show that the first of these criticisms can be rejected with very high confidence. I then explore why different modellers have derived different ages for 53W091, and present new model fits to the spectrum of 53W069 which demonstrate that different spectral synthesis codes are certainly in good agreement that this galaxy is 3-4 Gyr old. Finally I present a preliminary analysis of the morphologies and scale-lengths of 53W091 and 53W069 as derived from new I-band WFPC2 HST images, and compare the results with those for 3CR galaxies at comparable redshifts. I conclude that the scalelengths and luminosities of radio galaxies at $z \\simeq 1.5$ appear to scale together as would be predicted from the Kormendy relation for low-redshift elliptical galaxies.

  3. Using cuticular wax alkanes to estimate herbage intake in animals fed supplements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Using cuticular wax alkanes to estimate herbage intake in animals fed supplements H Dove RW Mayes M) of plant cuticular wax, in combination with orally-dosed, even-chain alkanes of adjacent chain length, can

  4. Multimodality imaging of reporter gene expression using a novel fusion vector in living cells and animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gambhir; Sanjiv (Portola Valley, CA), Pritha; Ray (Mountain View, CA)

    2009-04-28

    Novel double and triple fusion reporter gene constructs harboring distinct imageable reporter genes are provided, as well as applications for the use of such double and triple fusion constructs in living cells and in living animals using distinct imaging technologies.

  5. Risk assessment involving the land disposal of animal waste on Central Texas dairies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Thomas Chadwick

    1999-01-01

    Land disposal of animal waste is an increasing problem for dairies in central Texas Once isolated, many producers now and themselves surrounded by towns and subdivisions. Many of these new neighbors are showing an increasing concern about potential...

  6. Dynamically Sequencing an Animated Pedagogical Agent Brian A. Stone and James C. Lester

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, R. Michael

    for botanical anatomy and physiology. For- mative evaluations of the agent with middle school students teams of animators to rapidly create life- like characters. This development raises an intriguing

  7. Anim. Behav., 1995, 50, 1375-1389 An improvedtest of linearity in dominancehierarchiescontainingunknownor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Vries, Han

    Anim. Behav., 1995, 50, 1375-1389 An improvedtest of linearity January 1995; initial acceptance 15 February 1995; Jinal acceptance 22 March 1995; MS. number: 4816 Landau's linearity index, but takes the unknown and tied relationships into account. 0 1995

  8. Anim Cogn (2008) 11:2142 DOI 10.1007/s10071-007-0082-7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Indiana University

    2008-01-01

    tasks (Smith et al. 1995, 1997; Shields at al. 1997; see also Smith et al. 2003a, b for review to use the C. Suda-King (&) Think Tank at the Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Animal Programs OYce

  9. Disentangling Genetic Variation for Resistance and Tolerance to Infectious Diseases in Animals 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Råberg, Lars; Sim, Derek; Read, Andrew F

    Hosts can in principle employ two different strategies to defend themselves against parasites: resistance and tolerance. Animals typically exhibit considerable genetic variation for resistance (the ability to limit parasite ...

  10. Resolution independent curved seams in clothing animation using a regular particle grid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foshee, Jacob Wesley

    2004-11-15

    We present a method for representing seams in clothing animation, and its application in simulation level of detail. Specifically we consider cloth represented as a regular grid of particles connected by spring-dampers, ...

  11. Creating Procedural Animation for the Terrestrial Locomotion of Tentacled Digital Creatures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Seth A

    2015-05-04

    This thesis presents a prototype system to develop procedural animation for the goal-directed terrestrial locomotion of tentacled digital creatures. Creating locomotion for characters with multiple highly deformable limbs ...

  12. An economic exploration of prevention versus response in animal related bioterrorism decision making 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elbakidze, Levan

    2006-04-12

    Animal disease outbreaks either through deliberate terroristic act or accidental introductions present a serious economic problem. This work concentrates on the economics of choosing strategies to mitigate possible agricultural terrorism...

  13. Home Grounds & Animals 2015 Control of Ornamental Diseases...................................................................................... 4-3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    ......................................................................................... 4-3 Determine the Nature of a Disease Problem by Using the Index of Ornamental Plants..................................................... 4-35 Plant Injury-37 continued #12;Home Grounds & Animals 2015 Table 4.6 - List of Common Insecticide Mixtures

  14. An animal-to-human scaling law for blast-induced traumatic brain injury risk assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean, Aurelie H.

    Despite recent efforts to understand blast effects on the human brain, there are still no widely accepted injury criteria for humans. Recent animal studies have resulted in important advances in the understanding of brain ...

  15. Methods and technologies for high-throughput and high-content small animal screening

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohde, Christopher, 1979-

    2012-01-01

    High-throughput and high-content screening (HTS and HCS) of whole animals requires their immobilization for high-resolution imaging and manipulation. Here we present methods to enable HTS and HCS of the nematode Caenorhabditis ...

  16. Multimodality imaging of reporter gene expression using a novel fusion vector in living cells and animals

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gambhir, Sanjiv (Portola Valley, CA); Pritha, Ray (Mountain View, CA)

    2011-06-07

    Novel double and triple fusion reporter gene constructs harboring distinct imagable reporter genes are provided, as well as applications for the use of such double and triple fusion constructs in living cells and in living animals using distinct imaging technologies.

  17. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF PRE-SERVICE TRAINING METHODS FOR ANIMAL SHELTER VOLUNTEERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Veronica J.

    2013-08-31

    The current studies aim to develop a cost-effective pre-service training package for animal shelter volunteers. Study 1 compared the cost and effectiveness of three training package variations on student volunteer integrity ...

  18. Animal sentinel surveillance: evaluating domestic dogs as sentinels for zoonotic pathogen surveillance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halliday, J.E.B.

    2010-01-01

    The capacity of zoonotic pathogens to infect multiple hosts creates surveillance challenges but also provides opportunities to gather data from animal species that can be used to understand risks to human health. This ...

  19. AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION MAKING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE IN ANIMAL RELATED BIOTERRORISM DECISION Major Subject: Agricultural Economics #12;AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION OF PREVENTION VERSUS RESPONSE of Department) December 2004 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics #12;iii ABSTRACT An Economic Exploration

  20. A basin redox transect at the dawn of animal life Erik A. Sperling a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that captures the inferred origin and early evolution of animals. Iron-based redox proxies, redox-sensitive trace elements, organic carbon percentages and pyrite sulfur isotopes were analyzed in seven

  1. BIM Principles to Practice: Using BIM to Create a New Model for Producing Animation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naugle, Nicholas D.

    2012-02-14

    Computer animation projects, specifically feature film productions, require large teams of artists to manage and coordinate the use of enormous amounts of data containing both aesthetic and technical information within a specific time frame...

  2. Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability Using Biomass from Dairy and Beef Animal Production Facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability Using Biomass from Dairy and Beef Animal­ value inventories of bovine livestock biomass into renewable energy. The new enabling technologies livestock. Funding Agency: US Department of Energy #12;

  3. Developing a visual style for computer animations based on film directing techniques 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singler, Sandra

    2000-01-01

    The average Texas A&M Visualization Sciences student's process of creating a computer animation is generally a lengthy, industrious, and refining process of trial and error. This creative process is fueled through knowledge ...

  4. Six3 demarcates the anterior-most developing brain region in bilaterian animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinmetz, Patrick R H; Urbach, Rolf; Posnien, Nico; Eriksson, Joakim; Kostyuchenko, Roman P; Brena, Carlo; Guy, Keren; Akam, Michael; Bucher, Gregor; Arendt, Detlev

    2010-12-29

    remote animal phyla. Results We find that in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii, expression of the homeobox gene six3 defines the apical region of the larval body, peripherally overlapping the equatorial otx+ expression. The six3+ and otx+ regions...

  5. Electrical signal analysis to assess the physical condition of a human or animal

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cox, Daryl F.; Hochanadel, Charles D.; Haynes, Howard D.

    2010-06-15

    The invention is a human and animal performance data acquisition, analysis, and diagnostic system for fitness and therapy devices having an interface box removably disposed on incoming power wiring to a fitness and therapy device, at least one current transducer removably disposed on said interface box for sensing current signals to said fitness and therapy device, and a means for analyzing, displaying, and reporting said current signals to determine human and animal performance on said device using measurable parameters.

  6. Anim. Behav., 1998, 55, 473483 Sexual selection and the fitness consequences of male body size in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Savalli, Udo M.

    for the Study of Animal Behaviour Sexual size dimorphism is common and wide- spread among animals, but there is considerable variation in the nature and degree of dimorphism (Andersson 1994). In birds and mammals, malesAnim. Behav., 1998, 55, 473­483 Sexual selection and the fitness consequences of male body size

  7. A FRAMEWORK FOR H-ANIM SUPPORT IN NVES Research Academic Computer Technology Institute (CTI), Greece and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bouras, Christos

    is an architecture that integrates the kinematic, physical and behavioral aspects to control H-Anim virtual humans/VRML worlds with interactive H-Anim virtual humans whose behavior is based on the Sense-Decide- Act paradigm Computer Technology Institute (CTI), Greece tsiatsos@csd.auth.gr Keywords: Virtual reality, H-Anim

  8. To appear in Proc. Computer Animation '98 Conference, Philadelphia, PA, June, 1998. Synthetic Motion Capture for Interactive Virtual Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terzopoulos, Demetri

    's snakes and worms [11], the virtual humans of Hodgins et al. [8], and other realistically self­animating artificial animals in virtual worlds. Unfortunately, even on high­end graphics workstations fishes [15]. Seen in pre­recorded action, these lifelike virtual animals beckon ac­ tive involvement. One

  9. Special population planner, version 4.0.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuiper, J.; Tanzman, E.; Metz, W.

    2007-03-26

    Emergencies happen every day. Many are caused by storms or auto accidents and can be planned for, if not predicted. Emergencies resulting from natural hazards often affect a large number of people, and planning for them can be difficult, since knowledge of the needs of the people involved is generally unavailable. Emergencies resulting from accidents at industrial and military facilities can also be large scale in nature if people must be evacuated or sheltered in place. Federal planning for large scale emergencies is the responsibility of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which provides assistance to various emergency management agencies at the national, state and local level. More information about FEMA is available at http://www.fema.gov/. The purpose of the Special Population Planner (SPP) is to help emergency planners address the needs of persons with special needs. The exact definition of 'special population' is a policy decision. Policymakers have included a variety of groups in this term, such as persons with disabilities, those who do not have vehicles with which to evacuate, children who are unattended at times (latchkey children), and many others. The SPP was developed initially for the Alabama Emergency Management Agency as part of its Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP), which aids emergency planning and preparedness in communities surrounding military installations across the United States where chemical weapons are stored pending their destruction under federal law. Like that specialized application, this open-source version contains a set of specialized Geographic Information System (GIS) tools to facilitate emergency planning on behalf of persons with special needs, regardless of how the term is defined. While the original SPP system was developed for emergency planning relating to chemical hazards, it can be applied to other threats as well. It is apparent from Hurricane Katrina and other natural and man-made disasters that many of the problems posed by emergency planning for a chemical weapons agent release are shared by other hazards as well. The notion that emergency planning shares common functions underlies the decision by FEMA to include the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program (CSEPP) in its 'all-hazards' planning approach. The CSEPP's official planning guidance operationalizes this approach by suggesting that state and local CSEPP emergency plans 'should be appended to the existing all-hazards emergency plan.' The SPP is programmed as a set of tools within an ESRI ArcMap 9.1 project. ArcMap is a component of both ESRI ArcGIS 9.1 and ESRI ArcView 9.1, and it provides a rich GIS user interface for viewing spatial and tabular data, analyzing it, and producing output reports and maps. This GIS interface has been augmented with the SPP tools for a user interface that provides custom functionality for emergency planning. The system as released also includes some hypothetical example records for special needs populations, facilities, resources, control points and sirens sufficient for showing how the system would work with real information. A GIS database is included with some publicly available example layers. The SPP is designed to support emergency planners as they address emergency management issues, and includes capabilities that support the collection and importing of data, the review of data in a spatial context, and GIS tools for emergency planning. The SPP system allows for the identification and categorization of response zones to allow for multiple levels of preparedness. An Immediate Response Zone (IRZ) might be designated as the area 0 to 10 miles from a facility where the response would be the most urgent. SPP can support more than one set of planning zones to accommodate different types of emergencies or the different jurisdictions of emergency response organizations. These areas can be delineated by any number of criteria that make sense for the area. An area like New Orleans might designate response zones based on the depth above/below s

  10. The Stellar Populations of NGC 3109: Another Dwarf Irregular Galaxy with a Population II Stellar Halo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dante Minniti; Albert Zijlstra; M. Victoria Alonso

    1998-10-29

    We have obtained V and I-band photometry for about 17500 stars in the field of the dwarf irregular galaxy NGC3109, located in the outskirts of the Local Group. The photometry allows us to study the stellar populations present inside and outside the disk of this galaxy. From the VI color-magnitude diagram we infer metallicities and ages for the stellar populations in the main body and in the halo of NGC3109. The stars in the disk of this galaxy have a wide variety of ages, including very young stars with approximately 10^7 yr. Our main result is to establish the presence of a halo consisting of population II stars, extending out to about 4.5 arcmin (or 1.8 kpc) above and below the plane of this galaxy. For these old stars we derive an age of > 10 Gyr and a metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.8 +/- 0.2. We construct a deep luminosity function, obtaining an accurate distance modulus (m-M)_0 = 25.62 +/- 0.1 for this galaxy based on the I-magnitude of the red giant branch (RGB) tip and adopting E(V-I) = 0.05.

  11. Simulated population responses of common carp to commercial exploitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weber, Michael J.; Hennen, Matthew J.; Brown, Michael L.

    2011-12-01

    Common carp Cyprinus carpio is a widespread invasive species that can become highly abundant and impose deleterious ecosystem effects. Thus, aquatic resource managers are interested in controlling common carp populations. Control of invasive common carp populations is difficult, due in part to the inherent uncertainty of how populations respond to exploitation. To understand how common carp populations respond to exploitation, we evaluated common carp population dynamics (recruitment, growth, and mortality) in three natural lakes in eastern South Dakota. Common carp exhibited similar population dynamics across these three systems that were characterized by consistent recruitment (ages 3 to 15 years present), fast growth (K = 0.37 to 0.59), and low mortality (A = 1 to 7%). We then modeled the effects of commercial exploitation on size structure, abundance, and egg production to determine its utility as a management tool to control populations. All three populations responded similarly to exploitation simulations with a 575-mm length restriction, representing commercial gear selectivity. Simulated common carp size structure modestly declined (9 to 37%) in all simulations. Abundance of common carp declined dramatically (28 to 56%) at low levels of exploitation (0 to 20%) but exploitation >40% had little additive effect and populations were only reduced by 49 to 79% despite high exploitation (>90%). Maximum lifetime egg production was reduced from 77 to 89% at a moderate level of exploitation (40%), indicating the potential for recruitment overfishing. Exploitation further reduced common carp size structure, abundance, and egg production when simulations were not size selective. Our results provide insights to how common carp populations may respond to exploitation. Although commercial exploitation may be able to partially control populations, an integrated removal approach that removes all sizes of common carp has a greater chance of controlling population abundance and reducing perturbations induced by this invasive species.

  12. Magnetic Fields in Population III Star Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turk, Matthew J.; Oishi, Jeffrey S.; Abel, Tom; Bryan, Greg

    2012-02-22

    We study the buildup of magnetic fields during the formation of Population III star-forming regions, by conducting cosmological simulations from realistic initial conditions and varying the Jeans resolution. To investigate this in detail, we start simulations from identical initial conditions, mandating 16, 32 and 64 zones per Jeans length, and studied the variation in their magnetic field amplification. We find that, while compression results in some amplification, turbulent velocity fluctuations driven by the collapse can further amplify an initially weak seed field via dynamo action, provided there is sufficient numerical resolution to capture vortical motions (we find this requirement to be 64 zones per Jeans length, slightly larger than, but consistent with previous work run with more idealized collapse scenarios). We explore saturation of amplification of the magnetic field, which could potentially become dynamically important in subsequent, fully-resolved calculations. We have also identified a relatively surprising phenomena that is purely hydrodynamic: the higher-resolved simulations possess substantially different characteristics, including higher infall-velocity, increased temperatures inside 1000 AU, and decreased molecular hydrogen content in the innermost region. Furthermore, we find that disk formation is suppressed in higher-resolution calculations, at least at the times that we can follow the calculation. We discuss the effect this may have on the buildup of disks over the accretion history of the first clump to form as well as the potential for gravitational instabilities to develop and induce fragmentation.

  13. The Other 15%: Expanding Energy Efficiency to Rural Populations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Populations September 10, 2015 Call Slides and Discussion Summary Agenda Call Logistics and Opening Poll Residential Network and Peer Exchange Call Overview ...

  14. Population estimates for Phase 1: Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, D.M.; Erickson, A.R.; Harkreader, S.A.

    1992-03-01

    This report summarizes the population estimates of Phase I of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project. These estimates were used to develop preliminary dose estimates.

  15. FITNESS AND DENSITY-DEPENDENT POPULATION GROWTH IN DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Laurence D.

    viability (DOBZHANSKY,SPASSKYand TIDWELL1963), fecundity (MARINKOVIC1967), virility (BRITTNACHER1979), developmental rate (MARINKOVIC1967) and sperm displacement (PRQUTand BUNDGAARD1977). Population ecologists have

  16. Radiocesium Concentration Change in Game Animals: Use of Food Monitoring Data - 13168

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tagami, Keiko; Uchida, Shigeo [Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4-9-1, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)] [Office of Biospheric Assessment for Waste Disposal, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Anagawa 4-9-1, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)

    2013-07-01

    Radionuclides were released into the environment in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. Radiocesium (Cs-134+137) concentrations in most agricultural products became lower than the detection limit (?10 Bq kg{sup -1}) from June 2011, and the concentrations have remained low. However, some wild food materials such as meat of game animals (e.g., bear and wild boar) caught in Fukushima and surrounding areas some times showed higher values than the detection limits. In this study, monitoring data on game animal meat were summarized to understand the amount of activities found in wild animals and the activity distribution in the contaminated areas. Concentration data are available from monthly reports issued by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. Data were collected on wild boar (Sus scrofa), deer (Cervus nippon), Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus), Japanese pheasant (Phasianus versicolor), and duck (e.g. Anas poecilorhynch). There is a tendency that the concentration decreases with distance from the FDNPP; in order to compare the Cs-137 concentrations among animals, one collection site was selected. The results showed that the concentration was in the following order within one year: Asian black bear>wild boar> deer >duck and Japanese pheasant. Bear and boar are omnivorous animals and their feeding pattern would affect the concentrations in their meats. (authors)

  17. Genomic signatures of human and animal disease in the zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinert, Lucy A.; Chaudhuri, Roy R.; Wang, Jinhong; Peters, Sarah E.; Corander, Jukka; Jombart, Thibaut; Baig, Abiyad; Howell, Kate J.; Vehkala, Minna; Välimäki, Niko; Harris, David; Chieu, Tran Thi Bich; Chau, Nguyen Van Vinh; Campbell, James; Schultsz, Constance; Parkhill, Julian; Bentley, Stephen D.; Langford, Paul R.; Rycroft, Andrew N.; Wren, Brendan W.; Farrar, Jeremy; Baker, Stephen; Hoa, Ngo Thi; Holden, Matthew T. G.; Tucker, Alexander W.; Maskell, Duncan J.; BRaDP1T Consortium

    2015-03-31

    Carbohydrate transport and metabolism Amino-acid transport and metabolism Translation, ribosomal structure and biogenesis Defense mechanisms Inorganic ion transport and metabolism Energy production and conversion Post-translational modification, protein... populations. Finally, this study highlights the value of undertaking microbial genome analysis studies across broader populations that encompass different hosts, geography and, importantly, defined clinical phenotypes. Methods Sampling of isolates...

  18. Modelling climate-related variability of tuna populations from a coupled ocean-biogeochemical-populations dynamics model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiu, Peng

    pelamis) and yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) had higher recruitments during El Niño events, the sub of skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis) population (Lehodey, 1997). However, the run represented a short time

  19. RESEARCH ARTICLE The importance of reproductive strategies in population genetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    .V. 2007 Abstract Knowledge of the levels of genetic diversity maintained in natural populations can play of the last century. A test for heterozygote excess at five nuclear microsatellite loci did not suggest of between-population diversity suggest that all subpopulations can be treated as a single management unit

  20. HLA Genes in Populations of the Aleutian Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rey, Diego; Areces, Cristina; Parga-Lozano, Carlos; Gó mez-Prieto, Pablo; Crawford, Michael H.; Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio

    2010-10-01

    We typed a subset of the Aleut population for HLA loci (HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-DRB1, HLA-DQB1) to obtain an HLA profile, which was compared to other Eurasian and Amerindian populations for studying Aleut origin and its significance ...

  1. Molecular population genetics and epidemiology of Ceratocystis fagacearum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivors, Kelly Lynn

    1995-01-01

    and the other population represented a sexually active disease center. Three polymorphic RFLP loci were found. Only one population, Willow Springs, had more than 1 allele present at the RFLP loci. Very low levels of variation (G = 1, 1, and 11.69) were detected...

  2. A Mesoscale Diffusion Model in Population Genetics with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Leary, Michael

    ' & $ % A Mesoscale Diffusion Model in Population Genetics with Dynamic Fitness Mike O'Leary Towson University Judith R. Miller Georgetown University 1 #12;A mesoscale diffusion model in population genetics that dominance and epistasis are absent. April 28, 2005 Mike O'Leary and Judith Miller Slide 2 #12;A mesoscale

  3. RESEARCH Open Access Genetic variation and population structure of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakobsson, Mattias

    representing different ethnic and linguistic groups. The combined power of exclusion (PE) was 0 was combined with previously published genotype data from Egypt, Somalia and the Karamoja population from populations. Individuals from northern Sudan clustered together with those from Egypt, and individuals from

  4. Fast population transfer engineering of three-level systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xi Chen; J. G. Muga

    2012-07-12

    We design, by invariant-based inverse engineering, resonant laser pulses to perform fast population transfers in three-level systems. The efficiency and laser intensities are examined for different protocols. The energy cost to improve the fidelity is quantified. The laser intensities can be reduced by populating the intermediate state and by multi-mode driving.

  5. Mutualisms and Population Regulation: Mechanism Shalene Jha1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutualisms and Population Regulation: Mechanism Matters Shalene Jha1 *, David Allen2 , Heidi Liere3 honeydew. Despite decades of research and the potential importance in pest control, the precise mechanism of a hemipteran population model, we show that the mechanism of the mutualism is direct, via improved hemipteran

  6. Sex-based population structure of ectoparasites from Neotropical bats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Willig, Michael

    Sex-based population structure of ectoparasites from Neotropical bats STEVEN J. PRESLEY* Center by multiple evolutionary and ecological mechanisms, with natural selection affecting sex ratios as well as the distributions of each sex throughout the environment. To address sex-based aspects of population structure, I

  7. Public Health Principles and Practice Population Health Sciences 780

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Public Health Principles and Practice Population Health Sciences 780 Fall 2011 This course examines population-based approaches to improve the health of the public. The focus will be on learning methods for community health improvement--from assessment to finding and implementing evidence based public health

  8. Public Health Genomics Population Health Sciences 650 Section 023

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    Public Health Genomics Population Health Sciences 650 Section 023 Summer 2009, 07/20/09 ­ 07: Public health genomics is a new discipline that uses knowledge gained from genetic and molecular research and improve the health of the population often by enacting health services, programs, and policies

  9. CONFIDENCE LIMITS FOR POPULATION PROJECTIONS WHEN VITAL RATES VARY RANDOMLY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONFIDENCE LIMITS FOR POPULATION PROJECTIONS WHEN VITAL RATES VARY RANDOMLY TIM GERRODE, age distribution, and vital rates are known (e.g., Leslie 1945; Keyfitz 1968). Such population rates are available. However, there is uncertainty in such projections. First, we rarely know vital

  10. Overshoot during phenotypic switching of cancer cell populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sellerio, Alessandro L; Ben-Moshe, Noa Bossel; Coco, Stefania; Piccinini, Andrea; Myers, Christopher R; Sethna, James P; Giampietro, Costanza; Zapperi, Stefano; La Porta, Caterina A M

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics of tumor cell populations is hotly debated: do populations derive hierarchically from a subpopulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs), or are stochastic transitions that mutate differentiated cancer cells to CSCs important? Here we argue that regulation must also be important. We sort human melanoma cells using three distinct cancer stem cell (CSC) markers - CXCR6, CD271 and ABCG2 - and observe that the fraction of non-CSC-marked cells first overshoots to a higher level and then returns to the level of unsorted cells. This clearly indicates that the CSC population is homeostatically regulated. Combining experimental measurements with theoretical modeling and numerical simulations, we show that the population dynamics of cancer cells is associated with a complex miRNA network regulating the Wnt and PI3K pathways. Hence phenotypic switching is not stochastic, but is tightly regulated by the balance between positive and negative cells in the population. Reducing the fraction of CSCs below a threshold tr...

  11. Using blocks to construct 3D shapes and create transformation animations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Lu

    2007-04-25

    .?????????????. 5 2 The pipeline of my methodology ??????????...................... 6 3 How to judge whether a voxel is inside the shape or not ????.......... 7 4 Dividing each shape into two corresponding groups ??????...?. 8 5 Scaling the shapes to get enough.... The transformation of a school of fish. Images by PIXAR Animation Studios. 6 CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY Figure 2 shows the pipeline of my methodology. I use both MAYA and two programs I developed to get the animation results. Fig. 2. The pipeline of my methodology. III...

  12. Digestibility of Human Foods and Animal Feeds as Measured by Experiments with Rats. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1945-01-01

    AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS GIBB GILCHRIST, President [Blank Page in Original Bulletin] As part of the comprehensive investigation of the energy values of animal feeds and human foods, digestion experiments were made with white rats. Results of 508 tests... This publication is part of a comprehensive investigation of the energy values of animal feeds and human foods. Previous work has shown that the 1 differences in energy values of food and feeds as measured by experiments with chickens are due to a large extent...

  13. The blue plume population in dwarf spheroidal galaxies: genuine blue stragglers or young stellar population?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Momany; E. V. Held; I. Saviane; S. Zaggia; L. Rizzi; M. Gullieuszik

    2007-04-11

    Abridged... Blue stragglers (BSS) are thought to be the product of either primordial or collisional binary systems. In the context of dwarf spheroidal galaxies it is hard to firmly disentangle a genuine BSS population from young main sequence (MS) stars tracing a ~1-2 Gyr old star forming episode. Assuming that their blue plume populations are made of BSS, we estimate the BSS frequency for 8 Local Group non star-forming dwarf galaxies, using a compilation of ground and space based photometry. Our results can be summarized as follows: (i) The BSS frequency in dwarf galaxies, at any given Mv, is always higher than that in globular clusters of similar luminosities; (ii) the BSS frequency for the lowest luminosity dwarf galaxies is in excellent agreement with that observed in the Milky Way halo; and most interestingly (iii) derive a statistically significant anti-correlation between the BSS frequency and the galaxy Mv. The low density, almost collision-less, environments of our dwarf galaxy sample allow us to infer (i) their very low dynamical evolution; (ii) a negligible production of collisional BSS; and consequently (iii) that their blue plumes are mainly made of primordial binaries. The dwarf galaxies anti-correlation can be used as a discriminator: galaxies obeying the anti-correlation are more likely to possess genuine primordial BSS rather than young main sequence stars.

  14. Theoretical Population Biology 69 (2006) 409418 The frequency of the perfect genotype in a population subject to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waxman, David

    2006-01-01

    contain a singular spike--a Dirac delta function-- corresponding to a non-zero proportion of the population, and the proportion of the population that have the optimal genotype. This is achieved for two is that the equilibrium distribution of genotypic effects is smooth and continuous. However, recent theoretical studies

  15. Genomics Populations for Characterization of Economically Important Traits Structured populations of beef cattle with extensive phenotypic records for economical-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genomics Populations for Characterization of Economically Important Traits Structured populations efficiency and carcass merit, are a critical need in the post-genome sequencing era. Coupled with the availability of the 7.5x assembly of the bovine genome sequence and the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP

  16. Plants & Animals

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    performed to determine whether Laboratory operations are impacting human health via the food chain. February 2, 2015 A rabbit on LANL land. A rabbit on LANL land. Contact...

  17. Electricity Demand Evolution Driven by Storm Motivated Population Movement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allen, Melissa R; Fernandez, Steven J; Fu, Joshua S; Walker, Kimberly A

    2014-01-01

    Managing the risks posed by climate change to energy production and delivery is a challenge for communities worldwide. Sea Level rise and increased frequency and intensity of natural disasters due to sea surface temperature rise force populations to move locations, resulting in changing patterns of demand for infrastructure services. Thus, Infrastructures will evolve to accommodate new load centers while some parts of the network are underused, and these changes will create emerging vulnerabilities. Combining climate predictions and agent based population movement models shows promise for exploring the universe of these future population distributions and changes in coastal infrastructure configurations. In this work, we created a prototype agent based population distribution model and developed a methodology to establish utility functions that provide insight about new infrastructure vulnerabilities that might result from these patterns. Combining climate and weather data, engineering algorithms and social theory, we use the new Department of Energy (DOE) Connected Infrastructure Dynamics Models (CIDM) to examine electricity demand response to increased temperatures, population relocation in response to extreme cyclonic events, consequent net population changes and new regional patterns in electricity demand. This work suggests that the importance of established evacuation routes that move large populations repeatedly through convergence points as an indicator may be under recognized.

  18. SECPOP90: Sector population, land fraction, and economic estimation program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humphreys, S.L.; Rollstin, J.A.; Ridgely, J.N.

    1997-09-01

    In 1973 Mr. W. Athey of the Environmental Protection Agency wrote a computer program called SECPOP which calculated population estimates. Since that time, two things have changed which suggested the need for updating the original program - more recent population censuses and the widespread use of personal computers (PCs). The revised computer program uses the 1990 and 1992 Population Census information and runs on current PCs as {open_quotes}SECPOP90.{close_quotes} SECPOP90 consists of two parts: site and regional. The site provides population and economic data estimates for any location within the continental United States. Siting analysis is relatively fast running. The regional portion assesses site availability for different siting policy decisions; i.e., the impact of available sites given specific population density criteria within the continental United States. Regional analysis is slow. This report compares the SECPOP90 population estimates and the nuclear power reactor licensee-provided information. Although the source, and therefore the accuracy, of the licensee information is unknown, this comparison suggests SECPOP90 makes reasonable estimates. Given the total uncertainty in any current calculation of severe accidents, including the potential offsite consequences, the uncertainty within SECPOP90 population estimates is expected to be insignificant. 12 refs., 55 figs., 7 tabs.

  19. Animation de mod`eles UML -Application dans le contexte des Smartgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Animation de mod`eles UML - Application dans le contexte des Smartgrids Rachida Seghiri T'arriv´ee des Smartgrids dans le domaine ´electrique apporte de profonds changements au sein des Syst`emes d, nous ´etayons cet ´etat de l'art par la simulation d'un cas m´etier illustratif des Smartgrids en

  20. Volume Rendering with Animation of Gulf Stream Currents David Ehrens Ramprasad Balasubramanian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, Jürgen P.

    Volume Rendering with Animation of Gulf Stream Currents David Ehrens Ramprasad Balasubramanian data is required. High or low density objects, corresponding to heat-laden currents, can be en- hanced. Introduction Understanding the ocean through computer models is im- portant and numerous models exist. Several

  1. Robotic Animals Might Aid in the Social Development of Children with Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahn, Peter H.

    Robotic Animals Might Aid in the Social Development of Children with Autism Cady M. Stanton1 with autism. Eleven children diagnosed with autism (ages 5-8) interacted with the robotic dog AIBO and, during with AIBO typical of children without autism: verbal engagement, reciprocal interaction, and authentic

  2. Editing Noise Noise is used to create realistic animations that look

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, In-Kwon

    Editing Noise Abstract Noise is used to create realistic animations that look like natural. In this paper, we suggest a method to edit noise values to satisfy the constraints that reflect the user's demands while maintaining the inherent statistical features of the noise function. Noise editing uses

  3. Large-Scale Trends in the Evolution of Gene Structures within 11 Animal Genomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yandell, Mark

    Large-Scale Trends in the Evolution of Gene Structures within 11 Animal Genomes Mark Yandell1,2,3¤a-source software library called CGL (for ``Comparative Genomics Library''). Our results demonstrate that change. Citation: Yandell M, Mungall CJ, Smith C, Prochnik S, Kaminker J, et al (2006) Large-scale trends

  4. Estimates of the Southern Ocean general circulation improved by animal-borne instruments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Carl

    of the Southern Ocean have become available through the use of instrumented seals. ConductivityEstimates of the Southern Ocean general circulation improved by animal-borne instruments Fabien collection of seal-derived hydrographic data is now available, consisting of more than 165,000 profiles

  5. Modeling Animal-Vehicle Collisions Using Diagonal Inflated Bivariate Poisson Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    1 Modeling Animal-Vehicle Collisions Using Diagonal Inflated Bivariate Poisson Regression of highway AVCs, this study adopts a diagonal inflated bivariate Poisson regression method, an inflated version of bivariate Poisson regression model, to fit the reported AVC and carcass removal data sets

  6. Interaction between temperature and ammonia in mesophilic digesters for animal waste treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    Interaction between temperature and ammonia in mesophilic digesters for animal waste treatment February 2009 Accepted 20 February 2009 Published online 6 March 2009 Keywords: Ammonia Anaerobic digesters­378), the methane yield was 0.31 L CH4/g volatile solids (VS) for all digesters (with no statistical differences

  7. When animals are not quite what they eat: diet digestibility influences 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    When animals are not quite what they eat: diet digestibility influences 13 C-incorporation rates represents the weighted sum of the variety of food sour- ces eaten. If sources differ in digestibility, tissues may overrepresent intake of more digestible items and faeces may over- represent less digestible

  8. Signatures of Ecological Resource Availability in the Animal and Plant Proteomes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elser, Jim

    ,* William F. Fagan, Sankar Subramanian,*à and Sudhir Kumar*à *School of Life Sciences, Arizona State sites, suggesting relaxation of selective constraints for N usage in the animal lineage to energy and nutrient element costs (Baudouin-Cornu et al. 2001; Akashi and Gojobori 2002). For example

  9. Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aluwihare, Lihini

    of biohazardous and chemical or radioactive waste), call Environment, Health & Safety: (858) 534Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Human Pathological Waste Description Biohazard symbol Address: UCSD 200 West Arbor Dr. San Diego, CA 92103 (858

  10. Biohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aluwihare, Lihini

    Mixed Waste Before generating mixed waste (i.e, mixture of biohazardous and chemical or radioactive waste), call Environment, Health & Safety: (858) 534-2753. * Disinfectants other than bleach mustBiohazardous Waste Disposal Guidelines Sharps Waste Solid Lab Waste Liquid Waste Animals Human

  11. OIL IN THE OPEN WATER microscopic plants and animals that form the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIL IN THE OPEN WATER microscopic plants and animals that form the basis of the oceanic food web the surface, corals and other deepwater OIL AND HUMAN USE Wellhead CORALS · Coral surveys · Tissue collections · Transect surveys to detect submerged oil · Oil plume modeling · Sediment sampling AQUATIC VEGETATION

  12. Title of dissertation: MOTION RECONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL GROUPS: FROM SCHOOLING FISH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Benjamin

    ABSTRACT Title of dissertation: MOTION RECONSTRUCTION OF ANIMAL GROUPS: FROM SCHOOLING FISH aequipinnatus, a common species of schooling fish, and Anopheles gambiae, the most important vector of malaria, density, and movement. For tracking fish, we automatically initialize, predict, and reconstruct shape

  13. Note: Animals not to scale Childhood Experience and the Development of Reproductive Strategies: An

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishida, Yuko

    in Rhesus Macaques Becki Brunelli, UC Davis May 18 ABGG Exit Seminar - The Development of Antipredator Welfare: Basing Management on Empirical Research Daniel Gottlieb, UC Davis June 1 ABGG Exit SeminarNote: Animals not to scale ABGG Apr 6 Childhood Experience and the Development of Reproductive

  14. Bacterial resistance to antibiotics continues to pose a serious threat to human and animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Randall

    of resistance15 . In addition to exposure to naturally produced antibiotics, bacteria at a given site canBacterial resistance to antibiotics continues to pose a serious threat to human and animal health. The relationship between antibiotic use and the development of resistance has been studied extensively, with some

  15. The potential for behavioral thermoregulation to buffer ``cold-blooded'' animals against

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Monica G.

    extensive discussion, but methods to trans- late broad-scale shifts in climate into direct impacts on living is the buffering influence of behavioral thermoregulation. Here, we show how behavioral and mass/energy balance of global biodiversity). We show that for most ``cold-blooded'' terrestrial animals, the primary thermal

  16. MANAGEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF INTER-DOG AGGRESSION IN ANIMAL SHELTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Anthony P.

    MANAGEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF INTER-DOG AGGRESSION IN ANIMAL SHELTERS by Jane S. Orihel B dogs in shelters and explored the feasibility of implementing rehabilitation for inter-dog aggression, and 2) an experimental study of the effectiveness of a rehabilitation program for reducing inter

  17. Simulating and Animating Social Dynamics: Embedding Small Pedestrian Groups in Crowds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Yong

    Abstract We present a crowd model derives from Common Ground theory to accommodate high-level socially, crowd simu- lation, common ground theory 1 Introduction Incorporating the sense of social intelligenceSimulating and Animating Social Dynamics: Embedding Small Pedestrian Groups in Crowds paper id: 37

  18. THE JOURNAL OF VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER ANIMATION J. Visual. Comput. Animat. 10, 5778 (1999)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    1999-01-01

    in many areas, such as ergonomics, medical engineering, biomechanical engineering, computer graphics (CG of the legs is used for the calculation. Using our algorithm, it is possible to evaluate whether a given capability of the human body, important in ergonomics and human animation. Since our model is muscle

  19. Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    Vertebrates are animals with a backbone and include mammals, birds and fishes. Considering roughly three quarters of the earth is covered in water it should be no surprise that fish are the most numerous vertebrates in the world. According to the Florida Museum of Natural History there are about 28,000 known fish

  20. About the Psychology Major Psychology is the study of human and animal behavior,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kachroo, Pushkin

    About the Psychology Major Psychology is the study of human and animal behavior, including human emotions, thoughts, and motives. The B.A. degree in Psychology at UNLV provides essential experiences and collecting evidence on which to base important decisions. Job opportunities for psychology majors include

  1. Anim. Behav., 1997, 54, 13091315 Cooperative signalling between opponents in fish fights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurd, Peter L.

    Anim. Behav., 1997, 54, 1309­1315 Cooperative signalling between opponents in fish fights PETER L of the species Nannacara anomala employ several colour displays during fights which do not seem to signal either fighting ability or motivation. How should these colour displays be interpreted when winning is reliably

  2. An inexpensive passive acoustic system for recording and localizing wild animal sounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    An inexpensive passive acoustic system for recording and localizing wild animal sounds Sean A. Hayes Biology Department, A316 Earth and Marine Science Building, University of California, Santa Cruz and Institute of Marine Science, A316 Earth and Marine Science Building, University of California, Santa Cruz

  3. INTRODUCTION Many group-living animals communicate about the location of food

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolis, Stamatios C.

    2337 INTRODUCTION Many group-living animals communicate about the location of food sources. Such communication is especially beneficial when food sources are ephemeral or hard to find (Sherman and Visscher and Deneubourg, 2002). Recruitment towards food sources also provides a species with the opportunity to quickly

  4. The avian influenza virus H5N1 -possible concequences for the NTNU animal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bech, Claus

    The avian influenza virus H5N1 - possible concequences for the NTNU animal facilities Bi8091 Autumn The avian influenza virus H5N1 _______________________________________________ 5 Virology of H5N1_________________________________________________________ 5 How does the virus infect? _________________________________________________ 7 Characteristics

  5. Image-guided surgical techniques for cartilage repair an animal trial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, James

    guided method Template guided method and the Conventional method #12;Computer planning for CAMA 1. Scan-guided CAMA Separate templates are used for harvesting, drilling, and delivery. #12;Animal Study 15 sheep randomized into three groups: conventional, image-guided, and template-guided At 0 months: Take a CT

  6. Modeling Economic Resilience and Animal Disease Outbreaks in the Texas High Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Hen-I

    2012-02-14

    to utilize a combined epidemic and economic modeling framework to evaluate animal disease management strategies which can be used to reduce the potential losses in an unusual event such as FMD outbreaks. In this study, we compare the welfare changes among...

  7. ABE Agricultural and Biological Engineering F9 ADDL Animal Disease Diagnostic Lab G10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerospace Science Laboratory C11 AGAD Agricultural Administration Building G8 AHF Animal Holding Facility G Pete Dye Clubhouse C1 EE Electrical Engineering Building H6 EEL Entomology Environmental Laboratory G8 F9 FOPN Flight Operations Building B11 FORS Forestry Building G8 FPRD Forest Products Building G8

  8. Research and Management of Animals in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems: A Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research and Management of Animals in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems: A Summary and Synthesis1 of ideas bringing together researchers from all five parts of the world having Mediterranean-type Ronald D. Quinn2 1 Prepared for the Symposium on Dynamics and Management of Mediterranean-type Ecosystems

  9. Optimum usage and economic feasibility of animal manure-based biomass in combustion systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlin, Nicholas T.

    2010-07-14

    Manure-based biomass (MBB) has the potential to be a source of green energy at large coal-fired power plants and on smaller-scale combustion systems at or near confined animal feeding operations. Although MBB is a low quality fuel with an inferior...

  10. Anim. Behav., 1995, 50, 527535 Testing models of non-kin cooperation: mutualism and the Prisoner's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, David W.

    Anim. Behav., 1995, 50, 527­535 Testing models of non-kin cooperation: mutualism and the Prisoner, the iterated Prisoner's Dilemma has dominated studies of non-kin cooperation. Alternative models have received controlled iterated mutualism and Prisoner's Dilemma games. Although the jays readily cooperated

  11. MAPP 7.10 -Procedures for Standardized Training in Animal Care & Use I Training Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    MAPP 7.10 - Procedures for Standardized Training in Animal Care & Use I Training Program 1. On behalf of the AUS, the ACVS Research Education Team will: 1.1 Develop appropriate training programs with reference to CCAC requirements; 1.2 Assess the training requirements of all personnel at the University

  12. USA National Phenology Network: Plant and Animal Life-Cycle Data Related to Climate Change

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Phenology refers to recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, such as leafing and flowering, maturation of agricultural plants, emergence of insects, and migration of birds. It is also the study of these recurring plant and animal life cycle stages, especially their timing and relationships with weather and climate. Phenology affects nearly all aspects of the environment, including the abundance and diversity of organisms, their interactions with one another, their functions in food webs, and their seasonable behavior, and global-scale cycles of water, carbon, and other chemical elements. Phenology records can help us understand plant and animal responses to climate change; it is a key indicator. The USA-NPN brings together citizen scientists, government agencies, non-profit groups, educators, and students of all ages to monitor the impacts of climate change on plants and animals in the United States. The network harnesses the power of people and the Internet to collect and share information, providing researchers with far more data than they could collect alone.[Extracts copied from the USA-NPN home page and from http://www.usanpn.org/about].

  13. Animating Sand, Mud, and Snow Robert W. Sumner James F. O'Brien Jessica K. Hodgins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    Animating Sand, Mud, and Snow Robert W. Sumner James F. O'Brien Jessica K. Hodgins College footprints made by a runner in sand, mud, and snow as well as bicycle tire tracks, a bicycle crash- sulting motion, we compare the simulated footprints to video footage of human footprints in sand. Keywords

  14. Investigation of exposure to Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) magnetic and electric fields: Ongoing animal studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, L.E.

    1994-03-01

    There is now convincing evidence from a large number of laboratories, that exposure to extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic and electric fields produces biological responses in animals. Many of the observed effects appear to be directly or indirectly associated with the neural or neuroendocrine systems. Such effects include increased neuronal excitability, chemical and hormonal changes in the nervous system, altered behavioral responses, some of which are related to sensing the presence of the field, and changes in endogenous biological rhythms. Additional indices of general physiological status appear relatively unaffected by exposure, although effects have occasionally been described in bone growth and fracture repair, reproduction and development, and immune system function. A major current emphasis in laboratory research is to determine whether or not the reported epidemiological studies that suggest an association between EMF exposure and risk of cancer are supported in studies using animal models. Three major challenges exist for ongoing research: (1) knowledge about the mechanisms underlying observed bioeffects is incomplete, (2) researchers do not as yet understand what physical aspects of exposure produce biological responses, and (3) health consequences resulting from ELF exposure are unknown. Although no animal studies clearly demonstrate deleterious effects of ELF fields, several are suggestive of potential health impacts. From the perspective of laboratory animal studies, this paper will discuss biological responses to ELF magnetic and/or electric field exposures.

  15. What Darwin Didn't Know: Evo-Devo and the Origins of Animal Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    What Darwin Didn't Know: Evo-Devo and the Origins of Animal Diversity Daniel Medeiros Department; evidence for the unity of life · Very brief history of developmental genetics and EvoDevo · Three Evo for the unity of life · Very brief history of developmental genetics and EvoDevo · Three EvoDevo case studies

  16. Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Shiller, Robert J [Yale University

    2010-09-01

    In his lecture, Shiller discusses the premise of his 2009 book, coauthored with the Nobel Prize-winning economist George A. Akerlof. The book discusses how ?animal spirits,? or human emotions such as confidence, fear, and a concern for fairness, drive financial events, including today?s global financial crisis.

  17. LABORATORY ANIMAL SCIENCES PROGRAM -SAIC-FREDERICK SOP NUMBER : 2.002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wlodawer, Alexander

    specifying what they would like done with animals (for example ­ blood sampling, take tissues, freeze carcass initials. Place the watch card on the cage. #12;Note: Transport gel can be given in addition to "wet feed". Transport gel has no nutritive value and so should not be used in place of wet feed. Step 4 Immediately

  18. SYNTHESIS How and why environmental noise impacts animals: an integrative, mechanistic review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swaddle, John

    of noise, including wind, water and other animals, one increasingly influential source is anthropogenic growth and urban development (Slabbekoorn & Ripmeester 2008). Anthropo- genic noises are often louder. 2010). These papers have focused mainly on the relatively small (although steadily increasing) body

  19. Render me Real? Investigating the Effect of Render Style on the Perception of Animated Virtual Humans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Render me Real? Investigating the Effect of Render Style on the Perception of Animated Virtual of lifelike virtual humans has been the goal of many movie makers in the last decade. Recently, films of psychophysical experiments to determine whether render style affects how virtual humans are perceived. Motion

  20. An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1 Bruno Feij´o1 Luiz Velho2 1 PUC-based shading pipeline to give a 3D ap- pearance to a 2D character by inspecting the hand-drawn image directly interven- tion. The resulting shading pipeline can be easily applied to photorealistic and non

  1. Book: Aging and Oxidants in Animals and Plants Aging and oxidants in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gems, David

    Book: Aging and Oxidants in Animals and Plants Aging and oxidants in the nematode Caenorhabditis;1.1 Testing the oxidative damage theory of aging in C. elegans The biology of aging remains poorly understood. For example, it remains unclear what sort of biological processes are the primary determinants of aging

  2. Computer Graphics Proceedings, Annual Conference Series, 2002 Graphical Modeling and Animation of Ductile Fracture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, James F.

    of Ductile Fracture James F. O'Brien University of California, Berkeley Adam W. Bargteil University a method for realistically animating duc- tile fracture in common solid materials such as plastics and metals. The effects that characterize ductile fracture occur due to interac- tion between plastic

  3. TREE ANIMATION FOR A 3D INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION SYSTEM FOR HURRICANE IMPACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Ching

    TREE ANIMATION FOR A 3D INTERACTIVE VISUALIZATION SYSTEM FOR HURRICANE IMPACTS Peter A. Singh1 , Na of Computer Science Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA 2 International Hurricane Research in an interactive system that visualizes the effects caused by a hurricane's impact on a virtual city. The system

  4. Diversity waves in collapse-driven population dynamics

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Maslov, Sergei; Sneppen, Kim

    2015-09-14

    Populations of species in ecosystems are often constrained by availability of resources within their environment. In effect this means that a growth of one population, needs to be balanced by comparable reduction in populations of others. In neutral models of biodiversity all populations are assumed to change incrementally due to stochastic births and deaths of individuals. Here we propose and model another redistribution mechanism driven by abrupt and severe collapses of the entire population of a single species freeing up resources for the remaining ones. This mechanism may be relevant e.g. for communities of bacteria, with strain-specific collapses caused e.g.more »by invading bacteriophages, or for other ecosystems where infectious diseases play an important role. The emergent dynamics of our system is cyclic ‘‘diversity waves’’ triggered by collapses of globally dominating populations. The population diversity peaks at the beginning of each wave and exponentially decreases afterwards. Species abundances are characterized by a bimodal time-aggregated distribution with the lower peak formed by populations of recently collapsed or newly introduced species while the upper peak - species that has not yet collapsed in the current wave. In most waves both upper and lower peaks are composed of several smaller peaks. This self-organized hierarchical peak structure has a long-term memory transmitted across several waves. It gives rise to a scale-free tail of the time-aggregated population distribution with a universal exponent of 1.7. We show that diversity wave dynamics is robust with respect to variations in the rules of our model such as diffusion between multiple environments, species-specific growth and extinction rates, and bet-hedging strategies.« less

  5. Performance of photovoltaic arrays in-vivo and characteristics of prosthetic vision in animals with retinal degeneration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palanker, Daniel

    Performance of photovoltaic arrays in-vivo and characteristics of prosthetic vision in animals neurons. Subretinal photovoltaic arrays convert pulsed illumination into pulsed electric current

  6. Departmental Learning Goals for Psychology 330: Laboratory in Animal Behavior By the end of this course, students will be able to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and support the descriptions of behavioral observations. 3) Write about the primary literature in animal

  7. Long-term projections of national, regional, and state population

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonald, J.F.; South, D.W.

    1986-07-01

    The projections prepared by the US Bureau of the Census are the best available projections of total US population. The DRI projections of population at the regional and state level to the year 2008 are the best available and are consistent with the US Bureau of the Census projections of total US population. The DRI regional and state projections can be extended from 2008 to 2030 with a simple model based on economic opportunity, although an even simpler model - constant shares - is used for the 1985 test runs. The US Bureau of the Census prepares the best available projections of the US age-sex distribution.

  8. Sensing animal group behavior and bio-clutter in the ocean over continental shelf scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Jagannathan

    2011-01-01

    Fish populations often comprise the largest biomass in a productive marine ecosystem. They typically play an essential role in inter-trophic energy transport, and serve as a mainstay for human consumption comprising roughly ...

  9. Interactive animation of cities over time Paul C. DiLorenzo Victor B. Zordan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zordan, Victor

    buildings, yards, streets, and more - matching the real world. With this model of the city, we cast the expected growth (or shrinkage) based on the changes in population or land area use, as in- putted

  10. Recent advances in the risk assessment of melamine and cyanuric acid in animal feed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorne, Jean Lou; Vandenbroeck, Marc; Mennes, Wim; Knutsen, Helle K.; Vernazza, Francesco; Edler, Lutz; Benford, Diane

    2013-08-01

    Melamine can be present at low levels in food and feed mostly from its legal use as a food contact material in laminates and plastics, as a trace contaminant in nitrogen supplements used in animal feeds, and as a metabolite of the pesticide cyromazine. The mechanism of toxicity of melamine involves dose-dependent formation of crystals with either endogenous uric acid or a structural analogue of melamine, cyanuric acid, in renal tubules resulting in potential acute kidney failure. Co-exposure to melamine and cyanuric acid in livestock, fish, pets and laboratory animals shows higher toxicity compared with melamine or cyanuric acid alone. Evidence for crystal formation between melamine and other structural analogs i.e. ammelide and ammeline is limited. Illegal pet food adulterations with melamine and cyanuric acid and adulteration of milk with melamine resulted in melamine–cyanuric acid crystals, kidney damage and deaths of cats and dogs and melamine–uric acid stones, hospitalisation and deaths of children in China respectively. Following these incidents, the tolerable daily intake for melamine was re-evaluated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the World Health Organisation, and the Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This review provides an overview of toxicology, the adulteration incidents and risk assessments for melamine and its structural analogues. Particular focus is given to the recent EFSA risk assessment addressing impacts on animal and human health of background levels of melamine and structural analogues in animal feed. Recent research and future directions are discussed. - Highlights: ? Melamine in food and feed. ? Forms crystals in kidney with uric acid or cyanuric acid. ? Toxicity higher with cyanuric acid. ? Recent EFSA risk assessment. ? Animal and human health.

  11. 18-324 Warfare Chapter 18. WARFARE AND POPULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richerson, Peter J.

    human kinds of behavior. Other animals often fight, but very few of them fight in large, organized a scientific point of view. Why do people fight at all? In this chapter, we will examine the theories proposed conflict have the pattern it does in humans? Given that they do fight, why do they so often fight in groups

  12. Population dynamics, production, and prey consumption of fathead minnows (Pimephales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) in prairie wetlands: a bioenergetics approach W.G. Duffy Abstract: I assessed the population dynamics of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) in prairie wetlands and developed a bioenergetics model to estimate

  13. Optimal Urban Population Size: National vs Local Economic Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nam, Kyung-min

    This paper explores whether the population size of the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) in Korea is efficient in terms of the national economy. To undertake this analysis, a recursively dynamic interregional computable general ...

  14. Population SAMC, ChIP-chip Data Analysis and Beyond 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingqi

    2011-02-22

    This dissertation research consists of two topics, population stochastics approximation Monte Carlo (Pop-SAMC) for Baysian model selection problems and ChIP-chip data analysis. The following two paragraphs give a brief introduction to each...

  15. Environmental influences on largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides populations in shallow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Vegetation coverage of lakes plays a vital role in the population dynamics of largemouth bass (Aggus & Elliot), and too little coverage apparently is linked to low recruitment in some waters (Aggus & Elliot 1975

  16. Sandia Energy - CFD-Populated Empirical Turbine Wake Model

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    parameters that effect tidal turbine wakes, such as yaw angle to incident flow and vertical blockage ratio, may be incorporated as part of future revisions of the CFD populated...

  17. Distance sampling and the challenge of monitoring butterfly populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shuker, David

    Distance sampling and the challenge of monitoring butterfly populations Nick J. B. Isaac110 5DD, UK; 5 Institute for Environment, Sustainability and Regeneration, Mellor Building Monitoring Scheme (UKBMS) have been influential in informing our understanding of environmental change

  18. Ecology and population structure of vibrionaceae in the coastal ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preheim, Sarah Pacocha

    2010-01-01

    Extensive genetic diversity has been discovered in the microbial world, yet mechanisms that shape and maintain this diversity remain poorly understood. This thesis investigates to what extent populations of the ...

  19. Disease resistance and performance of blended populations of creepi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abernathy, Scott David

    1999-01-01

    Plant diseases are a major problem on creeping bentgrass greens and can significantly decrease putting quality. Blended populations comprised of two or more cultivars within the same species have been utilized to decrease disease development...

  20. Optimal control of population transfer in Markovian open quantum systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei Cui; Zairong Xi; Yu Pan

    2010-04-27

    There has long been interest to control the transfer of population between specified quantum states. Recent work has optimized the control law for closed system population transfer by using a gradient ascent pulse engineer- ing algorithm [1]. Here, a spin-boson model consisting of two-level atoms which interact with the dissipative environment, is investigated. With opti- mal control, the quantum system can invert the populations of the quantum logic states. The temperature plays an important role in controlling popula- tion transfer. At low temperatures the control has active performance, while at high temperatures it has less erect. We also analyze the decoherence be- havior of open quantum systems with optimal population transfer control, and we find that these controls can prolong the coherence time. We hope that active optimal control can help quantum solid-state-based engineering.

  1. Export-Oriented Populism: Commodities and Coalitions in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, Neal P.

    2009-01-01

    experience: Natural resource export structures and the255 DOI 10.1007/s12116-008-9037-5 Export-Oriented Populism:benefits for urban workers with export promotion, emerged in

  2. Causes and consequences of sexual selection in a wild population 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stopher, Katie Vivienne

    2011-11-24

    heterogeneity on selection. Further, important questions remain about the consequences of sexual selection for genetic structuring and genetic variation within populations. In this thesis, I investigate the causes and consequences of sexual selection in a...

  3. POPULATION ECOLOGY Dispersal of the Eucalyptus Longhorned Borer (Coleoptera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanks, Lawrence M.

    POPULATION ECOLOGY Dispersal of the Eucalyptus Longhorned Borer (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Urban behavior of the eucalyptus longhorned borer, Phoracantha semipunctata (F.), a crepuscular beetle whose distributed in time and space. KEY WORDS Phoracantha semipunctata, Cerambycidae, eucalyptus, wood boring

  4. Extinction dynamics of a discrete population in an oasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berti, Stefano; Vergni, Davide; Vulpiani, Angelo

    2015-01-01

    Understanding the conditions ensuring the persistence of a population is an issue of primary importance in population biology. The first theoretical approach to the problem dates back to the 50's with the KiSS (after Kierstead, Slobodkin and Skellam) model, namely a continuous reaction-diffusion equation for a population growing on a patch of finite size $L$ surrounded by a deadly environment with infinite mortality -- i.e. an oasis in a desert. The main outcome of the model is that only patches above a critical size allow for population persistence. Here, we introduce an individual-based analogue of the KiSS model to investigate the effects of discreteness and demographic stochasticity. In particular, we study the average time to extinction both above and below the critical patch size of the continuous model and investigate the quasi-stationary distribution of the number of individuals for patch sizes above the critical threshold.

  5. Tephrochronology, landscape and population: impacts of plague on medieval Iceland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Streeter, Richard Thomas

    2012-06-25

    This thesis examines the extent to which geomorphological change in sub-arctic landscapes may be driven by rapid declines in population over timescales of decades to centuries. Demographic decline driven by disease in ...

  6. Analysis of high-density SNP data from complex populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floyd, James A.B.

    2011-06-27

    Data from a Croatian isolate population are analysed in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for a variety of disease-related quantitative traits. A novel genomewide approach to analysing pedigree-based association ...

  7. Egypt's population policies and family planning program: a critical examination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carr, Aline B.

    1996-01-01

    Egypt's national family planning program, in existence since 1965, has been fairly successful in increasing the use of family planning methods and lowering the population growth rate in Egypt. However, the fact that as few as 10 percent of women...

  8. Genetic Evidence for Recent Population Mixture in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorjani, Priya

    Most Indian groups descend from a mixture of two genetically divergent populations: Ancestral North Indians (ANI) related to Central Asians, Middle Easterners, Caucasians, and Europeans; and Ancestral South Indians (ASI) ...

  9. GIS Training Program for Population Scientists—NICHD Proposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Stephen A.; Population Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, and the Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science, UC Santa Barbara

    2004-01-01

    NICHD R-25 proposal 2004 GIS Training for PopulationSara L. McLafferty. 2002. GIS and Public Health. New York:1994. Spatial Analysis and GIS. Bristol, PA: Taylor and

  10. Tool investigates population, climate impacts on global water...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    climate and popu-lation data sources and develop prelimi-nary per capita water availability projec-tions at a global scale," said Esther Parish of the Oak Ridge National...

  11. Reading out population codes with a matched filter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Rossum, Mark; Renart, Alfonso; Nelson, Sacha; Wang, X.-J.; Turrigiano, Gina G.

    2001-01-01

    We study the optimal way to decode information present in a population code. Using a matched filter, the performance in Gaussian additive noise is as good as the theoretical maximum. The scheme can be applied when ...

  12. Predicting Agent Strategy Mix of Evolving Populations Sabyasachi Saha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sen, Sandip

    Predicting Agent Strategy Mix of Evolving Populations Sabyasachi Saha Department of Math & Computer Science The University of Tulsa sabyasachi-saha@utulsa.edu Sandip Sen Department of Math & Computer

  13. Characteristics and Changes in the Texas Farm Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skrabanek, R. L.

    1955-01-01

    in the same direction as in the nation and the West South Central division, comprising Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas. Before 1937, the State's farm population did not decline as rapidly as in the nation or West South Central division. Since 1945... is more important numerically than the city population. In 30 counties, more than 50 percent of the people were classified as rural farm residents in 1950. In 85 counties, more than 40 percent of the people were similarly classified. Nonwhites comprised...

  14. Genetic analysis in the Collaborative Cross breeding population

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Philip, Vivek [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Sokoloff, Greta [ORNL; Ackert-Bicknell, Cheryl [Jackson Laboratory, The, Bar Harbor, ME; Striz, Martin [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Branstetter, Lisa R [ORNL; Beckmann, Melissa [ORNL; Spence, Jason S [ORNL; Jackson, Barbara L [ORNL; Galloway, Leslie D [ORNL; Barker, Gene [ORNL; Wymore, Ann M [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Hunsicker, Patricia R [ORNL; Durtschi, David W [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Shaw, Ginger S [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Shinpock, Sarah G [ORNL; Manly, Kenneth F [University of Kentucky, Lexington; Miller, Darla R [ORNL; Donahue, Kevin [University at Buffalo, NY; Culiat, Cymbeline T [ORNL; Churchill, Gary A [Jackson Laboratory, The, Bar Harbor, ME; Lariviere, William R [University of Pittsburgh; Palmer, Abraham [University of Chicago; O'Hara, Bruce [University of Kentucky; Voy, Brynn H [ORNL; Chesler, Elissa J [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Genetic reference populations in model organisms are critical resources for systems genetic analysis of disease related phenotypes. The breeding history of these inbred panels may influence detectable allelic and phenotypic diversity. The existing panel of common inbred strains reflects historical selection biases, and existing recombinant inbred panels have low allelic diversity. All such populations may be subject to consequences of inbreeding depression. The Collaborative Cross (CC) is a mouse reference population with high allelic diversity that is being constructed using a randomized breeding design that systematically outcrosses eight founder strains, followed by inbreeding to obtain new recombinant inbred strains. Five of the eight founders are common laboratory strains, and three are wild-derived. Since its inception, the partially inbred CC has been characterized for physiological, morphological, and behavioral traits. The construction of this population provided a unique opportunity to observe phenotypic variation as new allelic combinations arose through intercrossing and inbreeding to create new stable genetic combinations. Processes including inbreeding depression and its impact on allelic and phenotypic diversity were assessed. Phenotypic variation in the CC breeding population exceeds that of existing mouse genetic reference populations due to both high founder genetic diversity and novel epistatic combinations. However, some focal evidence of allele purging was detected including a suggestive QTL for litter size in a location of changing allele frequency. Despite these inescapable pressures, high diversity and precision for genetic mapping remain. These results demonstrate the potential of the CC population once completed and highlight implications for development of related populations. Supplementary material consists of Supplementary Table 1 Phenotypic means, variances, ranges and heritabilities for all traits and generations, Supplementary Table 2, all phenotypic values, Supplementary Table 3, multiple QTL mapping.

  15. Assessment and Corrective Management for Fish Populations in Small Impoundments. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anonymous,

    1985-01-01

    to the pondowner for correcting unbalanced or undesirable fish populations. These include renovation, harvest manipu lation and supplemental stocking. However, if unsatisfactory fish populations are a result of poor water quality, improper pond design or an over...-abundance of aquatic vegetation, the suggested corrective techniques alone may not be successful. Renovation Total renovation using rotenone should be considered for a farm pond if species such as gar, bowfin, flathead catfish, chain pickerel, black bullheads...

  16. Stellar Populations and Surface Brightness Fluctuations: New Observations and Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John P. Blakeslee; Alexandre Vazdekis; Edward A. Ajhar

    2000-08-15

    We examine the use of surface brightness fluctuations (SBF) for both stellar population and distance studies. New V-band SBF data are reported for five Fornax cluster galaxies and combined with literature data to define a new V-band SBF distance indicator. We use new stellar population models, based on the latest Padua isochrones transformed empirically to the observational plane, to predict SBF magnitudes and integrated colours for a wide range of population ages and metallicities. We examine the sensitivity of the predictions to changes in the isochrones, transformations, and IMF. The new models reproduce the SBF data for globular clusters fairly well, especially if higher metallicity globulars are younger. The models also give a good match to the "fluctuation colors" of elliptical galaxies. In order to obtain theoretical calibrations of the SBF distance indicators, we combine our single-burst models into composite population models. These models reproduce the observed behavior of the SBF magnitudes as a function of stellar population parameters, including the steep colour dependence found for HST/WFPC2 F814W SBF data. Because the theoretical SBF calibrations are fairly sensitive to uncertain details of stellar evolution, the empirical calibrations are more secure. However, the sensitivity of SBF to these finer details potentially makes it a powerful constraint for stellar evolution and population synthesis. [abbridged

  17. In conjunction with the Animated Painting exhibition, the San Diego Museum of Art, University of Southern California, University of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulze, Jürgen P.

    & Digital Arts, School of Cinematic Arts, University of Southern California, Los Angeles Presentations Introduction: Kathy Smith, Chair, John C. Hench Division of Animation & Digital Arts, School of Cinematic Arts Animation & Digital Arts, School of Cinematic Arts, University of Southern California, Los Angeles one two

  18. Abstract One way for animals to decrease energy ex-penditures is to minimize the cost of movement. For ani-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chadwick, Oliver A.

    Abstract One way for animals to decrease energy ex- penditures is to minimize the cost of movement. For ani- mals dwelling on slopes, gravity can impart a large ener- getic cost to movement. For this reason (specifically hillslope angle) so as to minimize their energetic costs. Subterra- nean animals should also

  19. Hyperosmotic environments create osmotic pressure, favoring the movement of water out of the animal. This, in turn, can cause

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Hyperosmotic environments create osmotic pressure, favoring the movement of water out of the animal and blood (or hemolymph) concentrations, even against large osmotic gradients. Hyporegulating animals for the osmotic loss of water by drinking the external medium. Excess salts are then excreted through the gills

  20. Adaptive Plasticity and Plasticity as an Adaptation: A Selective Review of Plasticity in Animal Morphology and Life History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gotthard, Karl

    Adaptive Plasticity and Plasticity as an Adaptation: A Selective Review of Plasticity in Animal wide-ranging. All key REVIEW references should be cited. A summary is required. Adaptive plasticity and plasticity as an adaptation: a selective review of plasticity in animal morphology and life history Karl

  1. ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 1999, 58, 921931 Article No. anbe.1999.1242, available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Candy

    ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR, 1999, 58, 921­931 Article No. anbe.1999.1242, available online at http Research Group, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford (Received 12 March 1999; initial acceptance 19 April 1999; final acceptance 22 July 1999; MS. number: RV-11) Many animals produce and respond

  2. Meshless Animation of Fracturing Solids Mark Pauly Richard Keiser Bart Adams Philip Dutre Markus Gross Leonidas J. Guibas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guibas, Leonidas J.

    Meshless Animation of Fracturing Solids Mark Pauly Richard Keiser Bart Adams Philip Dutr´e Markus University Figure 1: Brittle fracture of a hollow stone sculpture. Forces acting on the interior create stresses that cause the model to fracture and explode. Abstract We present a new meshless animation

  3. A Follow-up of Animal Science Graduates at Texas A&M University, 1950-2010 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Robert

    2012-10-19

    Graduates from 1950 to 2010 with a B.S. degree in animal science from the Department of Animal Science of Texas A&M University were sent questionnaires by e-mail to collect information on how graduates of the department were being influenced...

  4. Talk to the Virtual Hands: Self-Animated Avatars Improve Communication in Head-Mounted Display Virtual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talk to the Virtual Hands: Self-Animated Avatars Improve Communication in Head-Mounted Display Virtual Environments Trevor J. Dodds1 *, Betty J. Mohler1 , Heinrich H. Bu¨ lthoff1,2 1 Human Perception¨lthoff HH (2011) Talk to the Virtual Hands: Self-Animated Avatars Improve Communication in Head

  5. A Procedural Approach to Animate Interactive Natural Sceneries Sylvain Guerraz, Frank Perbet, David Raulo, Francois Faure, Marie-Paule Cani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    are illustrated by the real-time animation of autonomous virtual humans interacting with this natural scenery ani- mation of a group of virtual humans wandering a natural play-ground. 2. Previous work The firstA Procedural Approach to Animate Interactive Natural Sceneries Sylvain Guerraz, Frank Perbet, David

  6. From Single-Cell Genetic Architecture to Cell Population Dynamics: Quantitatively Decomposing the Effects of Different Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernard, Samuel

    From Single-Cell Genetic Architecture to Cell Population Dynamics: Quantitatively Decomposing Architecture Nikos V. Mantzaris Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, Houston with positive feedback architecture. The framework consists of three vastly different mathematical formulations

  7. Ultra-spatial synchrotron radiation for imaging molecular chemical structure: Applications in plant and animal studies

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Yu, Peiqiang

    2007-01-01

    Synchrotron-based Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy (S-FTIR) has been developed as a rapid, direct, non-destructive, bioanalytical technique. This technique takes advantage of synchrotron light brightness and small effective source size and is capable of exploring the molecular chemical features and make-up within microstructures of a biological tissue without destruction of inherent structures at ultra-spatial resolutions within cellular dimension. To date there has been very little application of this advanced synchrotron technique to the study of plant and animal tissues' inherent structure at a cellular or subcellular level. In this article, a novel approach was introduced to show the potential of themore »newly developed, advanced synchrotron-based analytical technology, which can be used to reveal molecular structural-chemical features of various plant and animal tissues.« less

  8. The Machinate Literary Animal: Butlerian Science for the Twenty-first Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neill, Anna

    2014-12-01

    , and Extension Utopian as this all may sound, Butler’s theories anticipate not only current investigation into the heritability of culturally acquired traits, but also an approach in contemporary cognitive science that does not limit thought and memory to what... a time when they could feel, think, and communicate independently and therefore dispense neill?/?the Machinate Literary animal 67 15. Sue Zemka, “Erewhon and the End of Utopian Humanism,” ELH 69:2 (2002): 439– 472, esp. p. 469. entirely...

  9. More soft-bodied animals and algae from the Middle Cambrian of Utah and British Columbia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway Morris, S.; Robison, Richard A.

    1988-12-29

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS December 29, 1988 Paper 122 MORE SOFT-BODIED ANIMALS AND ALGAE FROM THE MIDDLE CAMBRIAN OF UTAH AND BRITISH COLUMBIA' Simon Conway Morris and R. A. Robison Department of Earth Sciences..., University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EQ, and Department of Geology, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 Abstract—Remains of noncalcareous algae and soft-bodied metazoans from Middle Cambrian strata of Utah (Spence, Wheeler...

  10. Physical Security and Systems ACCESS REQUEST FORM: CNS and Animal Labs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boonstra, Rudy

    -8pm 6th Floor - Rear 7th Floor - 24 hours 7th Floor - 7am-8pm CNS: SW227 SW227B SW234 SW235 SW235B SW235C SW235D SW235E SW236 SW236A SW624 Andy Gristock : Signature Required for Animal Facilities Rudy Boonstra : Signature Required for CNS All lab areas include Elevator #3 access Erb/Ito Lab: SW625 SW628 Erb

  11. Video, Animation, and Audio Requirements for the Web | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics And Statistics » USAJobs Search USAJobsAdvancedVeteran Leadership StrongVideo, Animation, and

  12. Population genomics: Whole-genome analysis of polymorphism and divergence in Drosophila simulans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    PLoS BIOLOGY Population Genomics: Whole-Genome Analysis ofwww.plosbiology.org Population Genomics of D. simulans Table11 | e310 Population Genomics of D. simulans Table S15. GO

  13. Comparisons of Access to, Cost of, and Quality of Health Care Between Rural and Urban Populations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wei-Chen

    2013-12-06

    There are 46.2 million Americans (15% of total population) living in rural counties. Rural populations disproportionately suffer from inadequate access to, high cost of, and poor quality of health services compared to urban populations. Furthermore...

  14. Effects of Supplemental Food on Population Dynamics of Cotton Rats, Sigmodon Hispidus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doonan, Terry J.; Slade, Norman A.

    1995-04-01

    Variation in resource abundance affects population dynamics by altering demographic processes and interactions among individuals in the population. For small mammals, food is likely to be a critical resource. Population ...

  15. Literature Review and Assessment of Plant and Animal Transfer Factors Used in Performance Assessment Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, David E.; Cataldo, Dominic A.; Napier, Bruce A.; Krupka, Kenneth M.; Sasser, Lyle B.

    2003-07-20

    A literature review and assessment was conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to update information on plant and animal radionuclide transfer factors used in performance-assessment modeling. A group of 15 radionuclides was included in this review and assessment. The review is composed of four main sections, not including the Introduction. Section 2.0 provides a review of the critically important issue of physicochemical speciation and geochemistry of the radionuclides in natural soil-water systems as it relates to the bioavailability of the radionuclides. Section 3.0 provides an updated review of the parameters of importance in the uptake of radionuclides by plants, including root uptake via the soil-groundwater system and foliar uptake due to overhead irrigation. Section 3.0 also provides a compilation of concentration ratios (CRs) for soil-to-plant uptake for the 15 selected radionuclides. Section 4.0 provides an updated review on radionuclide uptake data for animal products related to absorption, homeostatic control, approach to equilibration, chemical and physical form, diet, and age. Compiled transfer coefficients are provided for cow’s milk, sheep’s milk, goat’s milk, beef, goat meat, pork, poultry, and eggs. Section 5.0 discusses the use of transfer coefficients in soil, plant, and animal modeling using regulatory models for evaluating radioactive waste disposal or decommissioned sites. Each section makes specific suggestions for future research in its area.

  16. The Magellanic Bridge: The Nearest Purely Tidal Stellar Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason Harris

    2006-12-04

    We report on observations of the stellar populations in twelve fields spanning the region between the Magellanic Clouds, made with the Mosaic-II camera on the 4-meter telescope at the Cerro-Tololo Inter-American Observatory. The two main goals of the observations are to characterize the young stellar population (which presumably formed in situ in the Bridge and therefore represents the nearest stellar population formed from tidal debris), and to search for an older stellar component (which would have been stripped from either Cloud as stars, by the same tidal forces which formed the gaseous Bridge). We determine the star-formation history of the young inter-Cloud population, which provides a constraint on the timing of the gravitational interaction which formed the Bridge. We do not detect an older stellar population belonging to the Bridge in any of our fields, implying that the material that was stripped from the Clouds to form the Magellanic Bridge was very nearly a pure gas.

  17. Genetic Differentiation and Estimation of Effective Population Size and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolán-Alvarez, Emilio

    ´REZ-FIGUEROA, A. CABALLERO, AND E. ROLA´ N-ALVAREZ Departamento de Bioqui´mica, Gene´tica e Inmunologi´a, Facultad´rez-Figueroa, Caballero, Rola´n-Alvarez); and Departamento de Mejora Gene´tica Animal, Instituto Nacional de Investigacio to Emilio Rola´n-Alvarez, Departamento de Bioqui´mica, Gene´tica e Inmunologi´a, Facultad de Ciencias

  18. Table HC1-7a. Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Housing Unit Characteristics by Four Most Populated States, Million U.S. Households, 2001 Housing Unit Characteristics RSE Column Factor: Total U.S. Four Most Populated States...

  19. BUILDING A UNITED STATES DATA BASE: POPULATIONS AT RISK TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sacks, Susan T.

    2014-01-01

    BUILDING A UNITED STATES DATA BASE: POPULATIONS AT RISK TOBUILDING A UNITED STATES DATA BASE: POPULATIONS AT RISK TOof an demographic integrated data base characteristics, air

  20. Human and animal health risk assessments of chemicals in the food chain: Comparative aspects and future perspectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorne, J.L.C.M.; Fink-Gremmels, J.

    2013-08-01

    Chemicals from anthropogenic and natural origins enter animal feed, human food and water either as undesirable contaminants or as part of the components of a diet. Over the last five decades, considerable efforts and progress to develop methodologies to protect humans and animals against potential risks associated with exposure to such potentially toxic chemicals have been made. This special issue presents relevant methodological developments and examples of risk assessments of undesirable substances in the food chain integrating the animal health and the human health perspective and refers to recent Opinions of the Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). This introductory review aims to give a comparative account of the risk assessment steps used in human health and animal health risk assessments for chemicals in the food chain and provides a critical view of the data gaps and future perspectives for this cross-disciplinary field. - Highlights: ? Principles of human and animal health risk assessment. ? Data gaps for each step of animal health risk assessment. ? Implications of animal risk assessment on human risk assessment. ? Future perspectives on chemical risk assessment.