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1

ICP analysis of water slurries of ashes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The direct injection of solids-water slurries into the torch of an inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer offers a rapid and easy method for the analysis of major and minor elements in various solids. In this project aqueous slurries of solids were prepared by milling with a stirred-ball slurry attritor mill and analyzed. Slurries of standard reference materials, prepared in the same manner, were used to calibrate the spectrometer. The best results were obtained with solids having a small particle size (2-5 {mu}m) and a close distribution of particle sizes. The average percent relative error for slurry-ICP analysis of most major and minor elements was generally less than 5% for the materials studied.

Riley, J.T.; Renfrow, M.B.; Riley, J.M. Jr.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Elemental fractionation during LA-ICP-MS analysis of silicate glasses: implications for matrix-independent standardization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elemental fractionation during LA-ICP-MS analysis of silicate glasses: implications for matrix-element solution and from the laser ablation of a range of silicate reference materials (SRM 61X series, MPI-independent standardization of LA- ICP-MS analysis of non-transparent silicates and ceramics, then, is an accurate and viable

Weston, Ken

3

Analysis of synthetic motor oils for additive elements by ICP-AES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard motor oils are made by blending paraffinic or naphthenic mineral oil base stocks with additive packages containing anti-wear agents, dispersants, corrosion inhibitors, and viscosity index improvers. The blender can monitor the correct addition of the additives by determining the additive elements in samples dissolved in a solvent by ICP-AES. Internal standardization is required to control sample transport interferences due to differences in viscosity between samples and standards. Synthetic motor oils, made with poly-alpha-olefins and trimethylol propane esters, instead of mineral oils, pose an additional challenge since these compounds affect the plasma as well as having sample transport interference considerations. The synthetic lubricant base stocks add significant oxygen to the sample matrix, which makes the samples behave differently than standards prepared in mineral oil. Determination of additive elements in synthetic motor oils will be discussed.

Williams, M.C.; Salmon, S.G. [Texaco Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

4

Fast Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of Distributed Networks using Longitudinal Partitioning Based Waveform Relaxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of Distributed Networks using Longitudinal Partitioning -- In this paper, a waveform relaxation algorithm for the fast electromagnetic interference analysis of distributed is provided to demonstrate the validity of the proposed algorithm. Index Terms -- Electromagnetic interference

Roy, Sourajeet

5

Precise ruthenium fission product isotopic analysis using dynamic reaction cell inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (DRC-ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

99Tc is a subsurface contaminant of interest at numerous federal, industrial, and international facilities. However, as a mono-isotopic fission product, 99Tc lacks the ability to be used as a signature to differentiate between the different waste disposal pathways that could have contributed to subsurface contamination at these facilities. Ruthenium fission-product isotopes are attractive analogues for the characterization of 99Tc sources because of their direct similarity to technetium with regard to subsurface mobility, and their large fission yields and low natural background concentrations. We developed an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method capable of measuring ruthenium isotopes in groundwater samples and extracts of vadose zone sediments. Samples were analyzed directly on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after a single pass through a 1-ml bed volume of Dowex AG 50W-X8 100-200 mesh cation exchange resin. Precise ruthenium isotopic ratio measurements were achieved using a low-flow Meinhard-type nebulizer and long sample acquisition times (150,000 ms). Relative standard deviations of triplicate replicates were maintained at less than 0.5% when the total ruthenium solution concentration was 0.1 ng/ml or higher. Further work was performed to minimize the impact caused by mass interferences using the dynamic reaction cell (DRC) with O2 as the reaction gas. The aqueous concentrations of 96Mo and 96Zr were reduced by more than 99.7% in the reaction cell prior to injection of the sample into the mass analyzer quadrupole. The DRC was used in combination with stable-mass correction to quantitatively analyze samples containing up to 2-orders of magnitude more zirconium and molybdenum than ruthenium. The analytical approach documented herein provides an efficient and cost-effective way to precisely measure ruthenium isotopes and quantitate total ruthenium (natural vs. fission-product) in aqueous matrixes.

Brown, Christopher F.; Dresel, P. Evan; Geiszler, Keith N.; Farmer, Orville T.

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

6

Uncertainty Measurement for Trace Element Analysis of Uranium and Plutonium Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measurement uncertainty estimatino associated with trace element analysis of impurities in U and Pu was evaluated using the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty Measurement (GUM). I this evalution the uncertainty sources were identified and standard uncertainties for the components were categorized as either Type A or B. The combined standard uncertainty was calculated and a coverage factor k = 2 was applied to obtain the expanded uncertainty, U. The ICP-AES and ICP-MS methods used were deveoped for the multi-element analysis of U and Pu samples. A typical analytical run consists of standards, process blanks, samples, matrix spiked samples, post digestion spiked samples and independent calibration verification standards. The uncertainty estimation was performed on U and Pu samples that have been analyzed previously as part of the U and Pu Sample Exchange Programs. Control chart results and data from the U and Pu metal exchange programs were combined with the GUM into a concentration dependent estimate of the expanded uncertainty. Comparison of trace element uncertainties obtained using this model was compared to those obtained for trace element results as part of the Exchange programs. This process was completed for all trace elements that were determined to be above the detection limit for the U and Pu samples.

Gallimore, David L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

7

Interference microscopy and Fourier fringe analysis applied to measuring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Fig. 1. It forms an image of the experimental cell that interferes with a plane wave, the two being (Peltier) coolers; 5,

Ribak, Erez

8

ASSEMBLY ANALYSIS OF INTERFERENCE FITS IN ELASTIC Kannan Subramanian Edward P. Morse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this approach, an ideal press-fit type interference assembly is considered initially and solution methodology components, it may be desirable to have a small, but non-zero, interference between the components. Press-fit of the press-fit assemblies. A commercially available finite element analysis package, ANSYS 11.0 [2], has been

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

9

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 55, NO. 2, APRIL 2013 395 Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to electromagnetic interference (EMI) is becoming a critical aspect of signal integrity analysis. For mod- eling in high-speed packages [2]. As a result, effi- cient and accurate electromagnetic interference (EMIIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 55, NO. 2, APRIL 2013 395 Electromagnetic

Roy, Sourajeet

10

Analysis of interference in attosecond transient absorption in adiabatic condition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We simulate the transient absorption of attosecond pulses of infrared laser-dressed atoms by considering a three-level system with the adiabatic approximation. We study the delay-dependent interference features in the transient absorption spectra of helium atoms from the perspective of the coherent interaction processes between the attosecond pulse and the quasi-harmonics, and find that many features of the interference fringes in the absorption spectra of the attosecond pulse can be attributed to the coherence phase difference. And the modulation signals of laser-induced sidebands of the dark state is found related to the dark state with population modulated by the dressing field.

Dong, Wenpu; Wang, Xiaowei; Zhao, Zengxiu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Analysis and Modelling of the EM Interferences Produced above a Train associated to the Contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Modelling of the EM Interferences Produced above a Train associated to the Contact-- This paper deals with the analysis of the transient disturbances produced above of a train by the pantograph- catenary power supply system. The goal is to study the contribution of the different elements of the train

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

12

Functional Interference Clusters in Cancer Patients With Bone Metastases: A Secondary Analysis of RTOG 9714  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To explore the relationships (clusters) among the functional interference items in the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) in patients with bone metastases. Methods: Patients enrolled in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9714 bone metastases study were eligible. Patients were assessed at baseline and 4, 8, and 12 weeks after randomization for the palliative radiotherapy with the BPI, which consists of seven functional items: general activity, mood, walking ability, normal work, relations with others, sleep, and enjoyment of life. Principal component analysis with varimax rotation was used to determine the clusters between the functional items at baseline and the follow-up. Cronbach's alpha was used to determine the consistency and reliability of each cluster at baseline and follow-up. Results: There were 448 male and 461 female patients, with a median age of 67 years. There were two functional interference clusters at baseline, which accounted for 71% of the total variance. The first cluster (physical interference) included normal work and walking ability, which accounted for 58% of the total variance. The second cluster (psychosocial interference) included relations with others and sleep, which accounted for 13% of the total variance. The Cronbach's alpha statistics were 0.83 and 0.80, respectively. The functional clusters changed at week 12 in responders but persisted through week 12 in nonresponders. Conclusion: Palliative radiotherapy is effective in reducing bone pain. Functional interference component clusters exist in patients treated for bone metastases. These clusters changed over time in this study, possibly attributable to treatment. Further research is needed to examine these effects.

Chow, Edward, E-mail: Edward.Chow@sunnybrook.c [Odette Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON (Canada); James, Jennifer [RTOG Statistical Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Barsevick, Andrea [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Cheltenham, PA (United States); Hartsell, William [Good Samaritan Cancer Center, Downers Grove, IL (United States); Ratcliffe, Sarah [University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Scarantino, Charles [Rex Healthcare Cancer Center, Raleigh, NC (United States); Ivker, Robert [Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ (Israel); Roach, Mack [UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, CA (United States); Suh, John [Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH (United States); Petersen, Ivy [Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Konski, Andre [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Cheltenham, PA (United States); Demas, William [Akron City Hospital Cancer Care Center, Inc., Akron, OH (United States); Bruner, Deborah [Abramson Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

Design and analysis of a scanning beam interference lithography system for patterning gratings with nanometer-level distortions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the design and analysis of a system for patterning large-area gratings with nanometer level phase distortions. The novel patterning method, termed scanning beam interference lithography (SBIL), uses ...

Konkola, Paul Thomas, 1973-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

ICP-MS (Quadrupole) | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr FlickrGuidedCH2MLLCBasics HydropowerI/OICP-MS (Quadrupole) ICP-MS

15

Performance Analysis of Passive UHF RFID Systems under Cascaded Fading Channels and Interference Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and interference environments. A. Ideal Environment In the case of free space scenario, the path loss model is given by: L(d) = ( ? 4pid )2 (32) Substituting Eq.32 into Eq.27 and Eq.31, we have : dmaxf = ? 4pi ? ?LPTxGTG f R ST (33) and dmaxb = ? 4pi ? ?µ...

Bekkali, Abdelmoula; Zou, Sicheng; Kadri, Abdullah; Penty, Richard

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

EF: Interference in communication (I) Numerical Simulation of Nonlinear Interference in Radio Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of inter- and intra-system electromagnetic interference (EMI). Using appropriate analysis and simulation Inter. Confer. on Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility (INCEMIC'97), Dec. 3-5, Hyderabad

Loyka, Sergey

17

CHAPTER 7. BERYLLIUM ANALYSIS BY NON-PLASMA BASED METHODS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most common method of analysis for beryllium is inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). This method, along with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), is discussed in Chapter 6. However, other methods exist and have been used for different applications. These methods include spectroscopic, chromatographic, colorimetric, and electrochemical. This chapter provides an overview of beryllium analysis methods other than plasma spectrometry (inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry or mass spectrometry). The basic methods, detection limits and interferences are described. Specific applications from the literature are also presented.

Ekechukwu, A

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

2011 Interference -1 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2011 Interference - 1 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES The objectives of this experiment are: · To measure the wavelength, frequency, and propagation speed of ultrasonic sound waves. · To observe interference phenomena with ultrasonic sound waves. APPARATUS: Oscilloscope, function generator, ultrasonic

Glashausser, Charles

19

The Analysis of Interference Effects in the Sum Frequency Spectra of Water Interfaces Mac G. Brown, Elizabeth A. Raymond, Heather C. Allen, Lawrence F. Scatena, and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Analysis of Interference Effects in the Sum Frequency Spectra of Water Interfaces Mac G. Brown, Elizabeth A. Raymond, Heather C. Allen, Lawrence F. Scatena, and Geraldine L. Richmond* Department involve the surface of liquid water. Unfortunately, obtaining spectral fits to vibrational spectra

Richmond, Geraldine L.

20

{sup 99}Tc bioassay by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A means of analyzing {sup 99}Tc in urine by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has been developed. Historically, {sup 99}Tc analysis was based on the radiometric detection of the 293 keV E{sub Max} beta decay product by liquid scintillation or gas flow proportional counting. In a urine matrix, the analysis of{sup 99}Tc is plagued with many difficulties using conventional radiometric methods. Difficulties originate during chemical separation due to the volatile nature of Tc{sub 2}O{sub 7} or during radiation detection due to color or chemical quenching. A separation scheme for {sup 99}Tc detection by ICP-MS is given and is proven to be a sensitive and robust analytical alternative. A comparison of methods using radiometric and mass quantitation of {sup 99}Tc has been conducted in water, artificial urine, and real urine matrices at activity levels between 700 and 2,200 dpm/L. Liquid scintillation results based on an external standard quench correction and a quench curve correction method are compared to results obtained by ICP-MS. Each method produced accurate results, however the precision of the ICP-MS results is superior to that of liquid scintillation results. Limits of detection (LOD) for ICP-MS and liquid scintillation detection are 14.67 and 203.4 dpm/L, respectively, in a real urine matrix. In order to determine the basis for the increased precision of the ICP-MS results, the detection sensitivity for each method is derived and measured. The detection sensitivity for the {sup 99}Tc isotope by ICP-MS is 2.175 x 10{sup {minus}7} {+-} 8.990 x 10{sup {minus}9} and by liquid scintillation is 7.434 x 10{sup {minus}14} {+-} 7.461 x 10{sup {minus}15}. A difference by seven orders of magnitude between the two detection systems allows ICP-MS samples to be analyzed for a period of 15 s compared to 3,600 s by liquid scintillation counting with a lower LOD.

Lewis, L.A.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Applications of high resolution ICP-AES in the nuclear industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of high resolution ICP-AES to selected problems of importance in the nuclear industry is a growing field. The advantages in sample preparation time, waste minimization and equipment cost are considerable. Two examples of these advantages are presented in this paper, burnup analysis of spent fuel and analysis of major uranium isotopes. The determination of burnup, an indicator of fuel cycle efficiency, has been accomplished by the determination of {sup 139}La by high resolution inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (HR-ICP-AES). Solutions of digested samples of reactor fuel rods were introduced into a shielded glovebox housing an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and the resulting atomic emission transmitted to a high resolution spectrometer by a 31 meter fiber optic bundle. Total and isotopic U determination by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) is presented to allow for the calculation of burnup for the samples. This method of burnup determination reduces the time, material, sample handling and waste generated associated with typical burnup determinations which require separation of lanthanum from the other fission products with high specific activities. Work concerning an alternative burnup indicator, {sup 236}U, is also presented for comparison. The determination of {sup 235}U:{sup 238}U isotope ratios in U-Zr fuel alloys is also presented to demonstrate the versatility of HR-ICP-AES.

Johnson, S.G.; Giglio, J.J.; Goodall, P.S.; Cummings, D.G.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

The low-frequency environment of the Murchison Widefield Array: radio-frequency interference analysis and mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) is a new low-frequency interferometric radio telescope built in Western Australia at one of the locations of the future Square Kilometre Array (SKA). We describe the automated radio-frequency interference (RFI) detection strategy implemented for the MWA, which is based on the AOFlagger platform, and present 72-231-MHz RFI statistics from 10 observing nights. RFI detection removes 1.1% of the data. RFI from digital TV (DTV) is observed 3% of the time due to occasional ionospheric or atmospheric propagation. After RFI detection and excision, almost all data can be calibrated and imaged without further RFI mitigation efforts, including observations within the FM and DTV bands. The results are compared to a previously published Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) RFI survey. The remote location of the MWA results in a substantially cleaner RFI environment compared to LOFAR's radio environment, but adequate detection of RFI is still required before data can be analysed. We include speci...

Offringa, A R; Hurley-Walker, N; Kaplan, D L; Barry, N; Beardsley, A P; Bell, M E; Bernardi, G; Bowman, J D; Briggs, F; Callingham, J R; Cappallo, R J; Carroll, P; Deshpande, A A; Dillon, J S; Dwarakanath, K S; Ewall-Wice, A; Feng, L; For, B -Q; Gaensler, B M; Greenhill, L J; Hancock, P; Hazelton, B J; Hewitt, J N; Hindson, L; Jacobs, D C; Johnston-Hollitt, M; Kapi?ska, A D; Kim, H -S; Kittiwisit, P; Lenc, E; Line, J; Loeb, A; Lonsdale, C J; McKinley, B; McWhirter, S R; Mitchell, D A; Morales, M F; Morgan, E; Morgan, J; Neben, A R; Oberoi, D; Ord, S M; Paul, S; Pindor, B; Pober, J C; Prabu, T; Procopio, P; Riding, J; Shankar, N Udaya; Sethi, S; Srivani, K S; Staveley-Smith, L; Subrahmanyan, R; Sullivan, I S; Tegmark, M; Thyagarajan, N; Tingay, S J; Trott, C M; Webster, R L; Williams, A; Williams, C L; Wu, C; Wyithe, J S; Zheng, Q

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Harnessing Interference Bobak Nazer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as Noise · Decode Interference #12;Coding Strategies w1 w2 ^u u = a1w1 a2w2 · Orthogonalize · Treat

Nazer, Bobak

24

{sup 99}Tc bioassay: A direct comparison of liquid scintillation radiation detection and ICP-MS mass detection of the {sup 99}Tc isotope  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A means of analyzing {sup 99}Tc in urine by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has been developed. Historically, {sup 99}Tc analysis was based on the radiometric detection of the 293 keV E{sub Max.} beta decay product by liquid scintillation or gas flow proportional counting. A separation scheme for {sup 99}Tc detection by ICP-MS is given and is proven to be a sensitive and robust analytical alternative. A comparison of methods using radiometric and mass quantitation of {sup 99}Tc has been conducted in water, artificial urine, and real urine matrices at activity levels between 700 and 2,200 dpm/L. Liquid scintillation results based on an external standard manual quench correction and an automatic quench curve correction method are compared with results obtained by ICP-MS. Each method produced accurate results; however, the precision of the ICP-MS results is superior to that of liquid scintillation results.

Lewis, L.A. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Analytical Services Organization; Schweitzer, G.K. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

Evaluation of ultra-low background materials for uranium and thorium using ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An increasing number of physics experiments require low background materials for their construction. The presence of Uranium and Thorium and their progeny in these materials present a variety of unwanted background sources for these experiments. The sensitivity of the experiments continues to drive the necessary levels of detection ever lower as well. This requirement for greater sensitivity has rendered direct radioassay impractical in many cases requiring large quantities of material, frequently many kilograms, and prolonged counting times, often months. Other assay techniques have been employed such as Neutron Activation Analysis but this requires access to expensive facilities and instrumentation and can be further complicated and delayed by the formation of unwanted radionuclides. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a useful tool and recent advancements have increased the sensitivity particularly in the elemental high mass range of U and Th. Unlike direct radioassay, ICP-MS is a destructive technique since it requires the sample to be in liquid form which is aspirated into a high temperature plasma. But it benefits in that it usually requires a very small sample, typically about a gram. This paper discusses how a variety of low background materials such as copper, polymers, and fused silica are made amenable to ICP-MS assay and how the arduous task of maintaining low backgrounds of U and Th is achieved.

Hoppe, E. W.; Overman, N. R.; LaFerriere, B. D. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354 (United States)

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

26

Evaluation of Ultra-Low Background Materials for Uranium and Thorium Using ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An increasing number of physics experiments require low background materials for their construction. The presence of Uranium and Thorium and their progeny in these materials present a variety of unwanted background sources for these experiments. The sensitivity of the experiments continues to drive the necessary levels of detection ever lower as well. This requirement for greater sensitivity has rendered direct radioassay impractical in many cases requiring large quantities of material, frequently many kilograms, and prolonged counting times, often months. Other assay techniques have been employed such as Neutron Activation Analysis but this requires access to expensive facilities and instrumentation and can be further complicated and delayed by the formation of unwanted radionuclides. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a useful tool and recent advancements have increased the sensitivity particularly in the elemental high mass range of U and Th. Unlike direct radioassay, ICP-MS is a destructive technique since it requires the sample to be in liquid form which is aspirated into a high temperature plasma. But it benefits in that it usually requires a very small sample, typically about a gram. Here we will discuss how a variety of low background materials such as copper, polymers, and fused silica are made amenable to ICP-MS assay and how the arduous task of maintaining low backgrounds of U and Th is achieved.

Hoppe, Eric W.; Overman, Nicole R.; LaFerriere, Brian D.

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

27

Televisions, Video Privacy, and Powerline Electromagnetic Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv Safe Use Guidelines, Electromagnetic Interference, and FCC Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . .v

Matsuoka, Yoky

28

Interference Effects in the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference effects are the most spectacular manifestation of the wave nature of phenomena. This note proposes a systematic search for such effects in the brain.

Jerzy Szwed

2008-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

29

Transient electromagnetic interference in substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference levels on sensitive electronic equipment are quantified experimentally and theoretically in air and gas insulated substations of different voltages. Measurement techniques for recording interference voltages and currents and electric and magnetic fields are reviewed and actual interference data are summarized. Conducted and radiated interference coupling mechanisms and levels in substation control wiring are described using both measurement results and electromagnetic models validated against measurements. The nominal maximum field and control wire interference levels expected in the switchyard and inside the control house from switching operations, faults, and an average lightning strike are estimated using high frequency transient coupling models. Comparisons with standards are made and recommendations given concerning equipment shielding and surge protection.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Nickel, F.S.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Wright, S.E. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Embracing interference in wireless systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The wireless medium is a shared resource. If nearby devices transmit at the same time, their signals interfere, resulting in a collision. In traditional networks, collisions cause the loss of the transmitted information. ...

Gollakota, Shyamnath (Shyamnath Venkata Satyasrisai)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Interference Tests at Kawerau, New Zealand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of interference tests at the Kawerau geothermal field in New Zealand has indicated that the reservoir may be viewed on a coarse scale as a two-layer structure. While these layers have high permeabilities, they are in poor hydrological communication with each other. The shallower layer is modelled as a finite cylindrical reservoir. The deeper layer is modelled as a larger cylindrical reservoir with recharge from the sides. The fitted permeabilities and storativities suggest the importance of flow in fractures at Kawerau. 2 tabs., 14 figs., 8 refs.

Burnell, John G.; McGuinness, Mark J.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

32

Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.

Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

33

Unruh radiation and Interference effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A uniformly accelerated charged particle feels the vacuum as thermally excited and fluctuates around the classical trajectory. Then we may expect additional radiation besides the Larmor radiation. It is called Unruh radiation. In this report, we review the calculation of the Unruh radiation with an emphasis on the interference effect between the vacuum fluctuation and the radiation from the fluctuating motion. Our calculation is based on a stochastic treatment of the particle under a uniform acceleration. The basics of the stochastic equation are reviewed in another report in the same proceeding. In this report, we mainly discuss the radiation and the interference effect.

Satoshi Iso; Yasuhiro Yamamoto; Sen Zhang

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

34

Threshold detection of radar signals off the sea surface in non-Gaussian clutter and deterministic interference: II - statistical analysis of ROI surface data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to motivate and outline a program of data analysis, for data obtained from radar returns from ocean surfaces perturbed by internal waves and wind-wave interactions. The ultimate aims of this analysis are to provide the appropriate statistics of the signals returned from these ocean surfaces for: (1) use in implementing and evaluating optimum and near-optimum signal processing procedures for detecting and evaluating (i.e., measuring) these internal wave effects and, (2) to provide quantitative physical insight into both the surface scatter and subsurface mechanisms which determine the received radar signals. Here the focus is initially on the needed statistics of the radar returns. These are primarily: (i) the (instantaneous) amplitude and envelope probability densities, (pdf`s) and distributions (PDFS) of the returns and, (ii) analogous statistics for the intensities (associated with the pixel data). Also required are: (iii) space-time covariance data of the returns, for further improvement of detection capabilities. Preliminary evidence and earlier experiments suggest that these data [(i), (ii)] are nongaussian and strongly so at times. This in turn, if not properly taken into account, can greatly degrade signal detection in the usual weak-signal regimes [1],[2].

Middleton, D.

1996-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

35

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT FOR CROSSTALK INTERFERENCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPEECH ENHANCEMENT FOR CROSS­TALK INTERFERENCE by Levent M. Arslan and John H.L. Hansen Robust. Based on this noise esti­ mate, a new speech enhancement technique is proposed. The enhancement method EDICS Code: SPL.SA.1.5 Speech Enhancement submitted Jan. 19, 1996 to IEEE Signal Processing Letters

36

Formation of iron complexs from trifluoroacetic acid based liquid chromatography mobile phases as interference ions in liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two unexpected singly charged ions at m/z 1103 and 944 have been observed in mass spectra obtained from electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric analysis of liquid chromatography effluents with mobile phases containing trifluoroacetic acid. Accurate mass measurement and tandem mass spectrometry studies revealed that these two ions are not due to any contamination from solvents and chemicals used for mobile and stationary phases or from the laboratory atmospheric environment. Instead these ions are clusters of trifluoroacetic acid formed in association with acetonitrile, water and iron from the stainless steel union used to connect the column with the electrospray tip and to apply high voltage; the molecular formulae are Fe+((OH)(H2O)2)9(CF3COOH)5 and Fe+((OH)(H2O)2)6 (CF3COOH)5.

Shukla, Anil K.; Zhang, Rui; Orton, Daniel J.; Zhao, Rui; Clauss, Therese RW; Moore, Ronald J.; Smith, Richard D.

2011-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

37

Measuring Interference Between Live Datacenter Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring Interference Between Live Datacenter Applications Melanie Kambadur Columbia University in datacenters due to contention over shared hardware resources. Unfortunately, understanding interference in live datacenters is more difficult than in controlled environments or on simpler architectures. Most

Tomkins, Andrew

38

N-Terminal Phosphorylation Sites of Herpes Simplex Virus 1 ICP0 Differentially Regulate Its Activities and Enhance Viral Replication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in region I indicates the boundary between the second and third exons of ICP0. HSV-1 ICP0 Phosphorylation February 2013 Volume 87 Number 4 jvi.asm.org 2111 o n June 30, 2014 by University of Kansas http://jvi.asm.org/ D ow nloaded from sient... samples. HSV-1 ICP0 Phosphorylation February 2013 Volume 87 Number 4 jvi.asm.org 2113 o n June 30, 2014 by University of Kansas http://jvi.asm.org/ D ow nloaded from wild-type ICP0 (Fig. 7). Consequently, these data do not sup- port the hypothesis...

Mostafa, Heba H.; Thompson, Thornton W.; Davido, David J.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Non-monotonic quantum to classical transition in multiparticle interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We experimentally demonstrate the non-monotonic dependence of genuine many-particle interference signals on the particles' mutual distinguishability. Our theoretical analysis shows that such non-monotonicity is a generic feature of the quantum to classical transition in multiparticle correlation functions of more than two particles.

Young-Sik Ra; Malte C. Tichy; Hyang-Tag Lim; Osung Kwon; Florian Mintert; Andreas Buchleitner; Yoon-Ho Kim

2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

40

Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

angled solar cells, and an Arduino microprocessor to trackphotovoltaic cell, and an Arduino microprocessor, the amount

Harding, Jesse Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control in Working Memory: Effects of Interference Expectancy and Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control in Working Memory: Effects of Interference Expectancy and FluidNeural Mechanisms of Interference Control in Working Memory: Effects of Interference Expectancy and Fluid Intelligence Gregory C. Burgess1 *, Todd S. Braver2 1 Institute of Cognitive Science, University

42

Detectability of Radio Frequency Interference due to Spread Spectrum Communication Signals using the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detectability of Radio Frequency Interference due to Spread Spectrum Communication Signals using-- Analysis of detectability of the kurtosis algorithm for pulsed-sinusoidal Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has already been performed in detail. The detectability for wide- band spread-spectrum RFI

Ruf, Christopher

43

Long working distance interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a long working distance interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. The long working distance of 10-30 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-D height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer. A well-matched pair of reference/sample objectives is not required, significantly reducing the cost of this microscope, as compared to a Linnik microinterferometer.

Sinclair, Michael B.; DeBoer, Maarten P.; Smith, Norman F.

2004-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

44

Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS: application to seawater and natural carbonates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS: application to seawater and natural method for lithium isotope ratio (7 Li/6 Li) determinations with low total lithium consumption ( lithium from all matrix elements using small volume resin (2 ml/3.4 meq AG 50W-X8) and low volume elution

Weston, Ken

45

Improving Alpha Spectrometry Energy Resolution by Ion Implantation with ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report results of a novel technique using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) as a method of source preparation for alpha spectrometry. This method produced thin, contaminant free 241Am samples which yielded extraordinary energy resolution which appear to be at the lower limit of the detection technology used in this research.

Dion, Michael P.; Liezers, Martin; Farmer, Orville T.; Miller, Brian W.; Morley, Shannon M.; Barinaga, Charles J.; Eiden, Gregory C.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Feedback and Interference Alignment in Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Feedback in the Gaussian Interference Channel 2.1Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5 Feedback Capacity2.6 Role of Feedback . . . . . . . .

Suh, Changho

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Bargaining and the MISO Interference Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the pareto boundary for the MISO interference channel,” IEEEinterference in the Gaussian MISO broadcast channel,” inOn maximizing the sum network MISO broadcast capacity,” in

Nokleby, Matthew; Swindlehurst, A. Lee

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

S10-Sound-Interference -1 -Page 1 of 8 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S10-Sound-Interference - 1 - Page 1 of 8 INTERFERENCE OF SOUND WAVES PURPOSE: To measure the wavelength, frequency, and propagation speed of ultrasonic sound waves and to observe interference phenomena with ultrasonic sound waves. APPARATUS: Oscilloscope, function generator, transducers, meter stick, angle board

Glashausser, Charles

49

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi- input, single-output (MISO) wireless links. The objective generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Sec- tion II. Such an algorithm was previously presented in [3

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

50

Shielding effectiveness against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of metal-filled and metal-coated plastics and other modified dielectric materials to replace metals for enclosures has created a need to test these materials for their electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE). Shielding effectiveness involves a variety of electromagnetic environments, and useful data can be obtained from tests that carefully limit the environment to that of a plane wave. Such an environment can be created in a circular or rectangular transmission line. Two such transmission line test fixtures, which hold samples of the material to be tested, have been developed. The fixtures described in this report are the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) coaxial transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell, and a dual TEM cell constructed at ORNL from a design suggested by the NBS. The NBS coaxial fixture is an improved version of the device recommended by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The problems associated with measuring SE are well described in the literature. The two methods described here are the result of years of work to establish procedures and instrumentation that will produce acceptable data.

Googe, J.M.; Hess, R.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Institute on Climate and Planets http://icp.giss.nasa.gov/ The Role of the Atmosphere and Greenhouse Effect in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://icp.giss.nasa.gov/ The Role of the Atmosphere and Greenhouse Effect in Determining the Surface. This process is the natural greenhouse effect. The earths surface receives solar energy and energy reradiated

52

IEEE I&CPS Conf., May 7-11, San Antonio, Texas, pp. 147-152 Reliability of Lightning Resistant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE I&CPS Conf., May 7-11, San Antonio, Texas, pp. 147-152 Reliability of Lightning Resistant essentially remained unchanged in the last 32 years which allows a meaningful comparison of reliability trends

Tolbert, Leon M.

53

Degrees of Freedom of Rank-Deficient MIMO Interference Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X Kc | Y 1 ) + K 2 Figure rank interference n Outer n bound:the degrees of freedom of rank deficient interference chan-of 2-user and 3-user rank-deficient mimo interference

Krishnamurthy, Sundar Rajan; Ramakrishnan, Abinesh; Jafar, Syed Ali

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Composites Ning (SWNT)-polymer composites have been fabricated to evaluate the electromagnetic interference (EMI

Gao, Hongjun

55

Electromagnetic Interference in Wireless Communications: Behavioral-Level Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference in Wireless Communications: Behavioral-Level Simulation Approach in electromagnetic interference (EMI) modeling and simulation for modern and future wireless communication systems

Loyka, Sergey

56

anomalous quantum interference: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

superconducting quantum interference device SQUID-temperature RT sample scanning superconduct- ing quantum interference device SQUID microscopy SSM is a very Weiss, Benjamin P....

57

Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary of the achievable rate region is considered over multiple-input single-output(MISO)interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility...

Qiu, Jiaming

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

58

BIOSIGNAL 2004, extended abstract Complex Analysis of Intracranial Hypertension in Traumatic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIOSIGNAL 2004, extended abstract Complex Analysis of Intracranial Hypertension in Traumatic Brain from a stable state of normal ICP (hypertension (ICH; ICP > 25 mm of intracranial hypertension: (1) the difference between the minimum value in the ICH region and the maximum value

59

Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback: Algorithms precoding algorithms for multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where each trans- mitter- antenna wireless interference channels [5]-[7]. For multiple- input single-output (MISO) interference

Ulukus, Sennur

60

Non-classical paths in interference experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In a double slit interference experiment, the wave function at the screen with both slits open is not exactly equal to the sum of the wave functions with the slits individually open one at a time. The three scenarios represent three different boundary conditions and as such, the superposition principle should not be applicable. However, most well known text books in quantum mechanics implicitly and/or explicitly use this assumption which is only approximately true. In our present study, we have used the Feynman path integral formalism to quantify contributions from non-classical paths in quantum interference experiments which provide a measurable deviation from a naive application of the superposition principle. A direct experimental demonstration for the existence of these non-classical paths is hard. We find that contributions from such paths can be significant and we propose simple three-slit interference experiments to directly confirm their existence.

Rahul Sawant; Joseph Samuel; Aninda Sinha; Supurna Sinha; Urbasi Sinha

2014-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Interference between electronic lighting and other appliances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents empirical data from the laboratory and the field to provide an overview of electromagnetic interference between high-efficiency electronic lighting and certain other electronic devices, such as power-line carrier systems, security systems, and remote controls for televisions and VCRs. Reported cases involving both electronic lighting emissions and immunity in building power systems are summarized according to basic interference mechanisms. To illustrate the potential complexities of this problem, the paper describes a case where high-efficiency lighting interfered with a hearing aid. The hearing aid case includes a field survey, laboratory investigations, and recommended solutions to the problem.

Schwabe, R.J.; Zelingher, S. [New York Power Authority, New York, NY (United States); Key, T.; Phipps, K. [EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

62

Fundamental and methodological investigations for the improvement of elemental analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass soectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation describes a variety of studies meant to improve the analytical performance of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS. The emission behavior of individual droplets and LA generated particles in an ICP is studied using a high-speed, high frame rate digital camera. Phenomena are observed during the ablation of silicate glass that would cause elemental fractionation during analysis by ICP-MS. Preliminary work for ICP torch developments specifically tailored for the improvement of LA sample introduction are presented. An abnormal scarcity of metal-argon polyatomic ions (MAr{sup +}) is observed during ICP-MS analysis. Evidence shows that MAr{sup +} ions are dissociated by collisions with background gas in a shockwave near the tip of the skimmer cone. Method development towards the improvement of LA-ICP-MS for environmental monitoring is described. A method is developed to trap small particles in a collodion matrix and analyze each particle individually by LA-ICP-MS.

Ebert, Christopher Hysjulien [Ames Laboratory

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

63

Ancestral Polynesian Pottery Production and Exchange Analysis Using LA-ICP-MS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Samoa .......................................................... 3 2.1 Upland sites in relation to basalt quarries and volcanic provinces .................. 19 2.2 Potsherds containing various types of temper inclusions... of lithics recovered from Aganoa. Results of this study provide evidence that Aganoa did not act as a lithic workshop and that separate quarries were utilized at different stages across a temporal time span. The ceramic sequence Green?s (1974) ceramic...

Bartek, Christopher

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

64

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION Ananya Sen Gupta, Andrew C that maximizes the asymp- totic conditional efficiency at each stage of successive de- tection is also derived Urbana, IL 61801, USA ABSTRACT Conditional asymptotic multi-user efficiency is introduced

Singer, Andrew C

65

Wireless Link Scheduling under Physical Interference Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approximation algorithms for link scheduling with or without power control. Index Terms--Link schedulingWireless Link Scheduling under Physical Interference Model Peng-Jun Wan, Ophir Frieder, Xiaohua Jia: jia@cs.cityu.edu.hk, csfyao@cityu.edu.hk Abstract--Link scheduling is a fundamental problem in multi

Jia, Xiaohua

66

ICP-PECVD PRODUCTION TOOL FOR INDUSTRIAL AlOX AND Si-BASED PASSIVATION LAYERS B.F.P. Roos1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of different materials on silicon solar wafers using inductively coupled plasma (ICP). One of the major features of the ICP technology is the high plasma density at low kinetic ion energy. These plasma on the SINGULAR production tool platform is discussed. A special focus will be placed on a-SiOxNy/SiNx and Al

67

Studies on the content of heavy metals in Aries River using ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the industrial branches, the mining industry has always been an important source of environmental pollution, both aesthetically and chemically. Through this paper results of ICP-MS characterization of Aries River Basin are reported. Mining activities from this area has resulted in contamination of environment and its surrounding biota. This is clearly evidenced in analyzed water samples, especially from Baia de Aries site where increased amount of trace elements as Cr, Zn, As, Se, Cd, Pb and U were founded. Also in this site greater amount of rare earth elements was evidenced also. Through monitoring of Aries River from other non-mining area it was observed that the quantitative content of heavy metals was below the maximum permissible levels which made us to conclude that the water table wasn't seriously affected (which possibly might be attributed to the cessation of mining activities in this area from a few years ago)

Voica, Cezara, E-mail: Cezara.Voica@itim-cj.ro; Kovacs, Melinda, E-mail: Cezara.Voica@itim-cj.ro; Feher, Ioana, E-mail: Cezara.Voica@itim-cj.ro [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath Str., 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath Str., 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

68

Light Vector Meson Photoproduction off of H at Jefferson Lab and rho-omega Interference in the Leptonic Decay Channel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent studies of light vector meson production in heavy nuclear targets has generated interest in {rho}-{omega} interference in the leptonic e{sup +}e{sup -} decay channel. An experimental study of the elementary process provides valuable input for theoretical models and calculations. In experiment E04-005 (g12), high statistics photoproduction data has been taken in Jefferson Lab's Hall B with the Cebaf Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). The invariant mass spectrum is fitted with two interfering relativistic Breit-Wigner functions to determine the interference phase. Preliminary analysis indicate a measurable {rho}-{omega} interference.

Chaden Djalali

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Interference of Cooper Pairs Emitted from Independent Superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the interference in the two-particle distribution of the electrons emitted from two independent superconductors. It is clarified that, while the interference appearing in the antibunching correlation is due to the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect, that in the positive correlation due to superconductivity is intrinsically different and is nothing but the first-order interference of Cooper pairs emitted from different sources. This is the equivalent of the interference of two independent Bose-Einstein condensates.

Mauro Iazzi; Kazuya Yuasa

2010-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

70

3. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY Abstract --The electromagnetic interference between the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

walls and tubes) and with strong EMI (Electromagnetic Interference). So it is ideal to use the power

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

Quantum interference in an electron-hole graphene ring system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum interference is observed in a graphene ring system via the Aharonov Bohm effect. As graphene is a gapless semiconductor, this geometry allows to study the unique situation of quantum interference between electrons and holes in addition to the unipolar quantum interference. The period and amplitude of the observed Aharonov-Bohm oscillations are independent of the sign of the applied gate voltage showing the equivalence between unipolar and dipolar interference.

Smirnov, D.; Schmidt, H.; Haug, R. J. [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Appelstr. 2 30167 Hannover (Germany)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Mitigating the Hospital Area Communication's Interference using Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, their communications could greatly increase electromagnetic interference with other critical medical equip- ments. There is therefore a need to mitigate potential risks of electromagnetic interference between the patients wireless should be devel- oped to ensure efficient communications while minimizing electromagnetic interference

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

Conditions for two-photon interference with coherent pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the conditions for two-photon classical interference with coherent pulses. We find that the temporal overlap between optical pulses is not required for interference However, coherence within the same inputs is found to be essential for the interference.

Yong-Su Kim; Oliver Slattery; Paulina S. Kuo; Xiao Tang

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

74

Immunizing digital systems against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant`s electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Secondly, a test and evaluation program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate test limits to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. Test and evaluation should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation problems associated with EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Immunizing digital systems against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant's electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Secondly, a test and evaluation program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate test limits to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. Test and evaluation should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation problems associated with EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Antonescu, C. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer-matrix composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding material with shielding effectiveness 124 dB, low surface impedance interference shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding is receiv- ing increasing

Chung, Deborah D.L.

77

Response of radio frequency superconducting quantum interference devices to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of applications of high-temperature superconductor radio frequency superconducting quantum interference devices (rf SQUIDs) require a certain immunity of these sensors against electromagnetic interference (EMI). We have investigated effects of electromagnetic radiation in the high-frequency and ultrahigh-frequency range on various types of rf SQUIDs. It has been found that EMI of sufficient field strength reduces the voltage versus flux transfer function, and thus increases the flux noise of the SQUIDs. SQUIDs with a wire wound tank circuit coil have been found to be more sensitive to EMI than SQUIDs integrated into a superconducting microstrip resonator. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Mueck, M.; Dechert, J.; Gail, J.; Kreutzbruck, M.; Schoene, S.; Weidl, R. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany)] [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Generalized Terminal Modeling of Electromagnetic Interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terminal models have been used for various applications. In this paper, a three-terminal model is proposed for electromagnetic-interference (EMI) characterization. The model starts with a power electronic system at a particular operating condition and creates a unique linearized equivalent circuit. Impedances and current/voltage sources define the noise throughout the entire EMI frequency spectrum. All parameters needed to create the model are clearly defined to ensure convergence and maximize accuracy. In addition, the accuracy of the model is confirmed up to 100 MHz for a dc-dc boost converter using both simulation and experimental validation.

Baisden, Andrew Carson [IEEE Industrial Applications Society; Boroyevich, Dushan [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Wang, Fei [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary in the achievable rate region over multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility problems after certain transformations. The feasibility problem is solved by two new distributed optimal beamforming algorithms, where the first one is to parallelize the computation based on the method of alternating projections, and the second one is to localize the computation based on the method of cyclic projections. Convergence proofs are established for both algorithms.

Qiu, Jiaming; Luo, Zhi-Quan; Cui, Shuguang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Campaign-style titanite UPb dating by laser-ablation ICP: Implications for crustal flow, phase transformations and titanite closure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campaign-style titanite U­Pb dating by laser-ablation ICP: Implications for crustal flow, phase transformations and titanite closure K.J. Spencer a , B.R. Hacker a, , A.R.C. Kylander-Clark a , T.B. Andersen b Editor: K. Mezger Keywords: Titanite Ultrahigh-pressure U­Pb Norway U­Pb dates of titanite from >150

Hacker, Bradley R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Validation of Electrochemically Modulated Separations Performed On-Line with MC-ICP-MS for Uranium and Plutonium Isotopic Analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most time consuming process in uranium or plutonium isotopic analyses is performing the requisite chromatographic separation of the actinides. Filament preparation for thermal ionization (TIMS) adds further delays, but is generally accepted due to the unmatched performance in trace isotopic analyses. Advances in Multi-Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) are beginning to rival the performance of TIMS. Methods, such as Electrochemically Modulated Separations (EMS) can efficiently pre-concentrate U or Pu quite selectively from small solution volumes in a matrix of 0.5 M nitric acid. When performed in-line with ICP-MS, the rapid analyte release from the electrode is fast, and large transient analyte signal enhancements of >100 fold can be achieved as compared to more conventional continuous nebulization of the original starting solution. This makes the approach ideal for very low level isotope ratio measurements. In this paper, some aspects of EMS performance are described. These include low level Pu isotope ratio behavior versus concentration by MC-ICP-MS and uranium rejection characteristics that are also important for reliable low level Pu isotope ratio determinations.

Liezers, Martin; Olsen, Khris B.; Mitroshkov, Alexandre V.; Duckworth, Douglas C.

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

82

Measurement of elemental speciation by liquid chromatography -- inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS) with the direct injection nebulizer (DIN)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis is divided into 4 parts: elemental speciation, speciation of mercury and lead compounds by microbore column LC-ICP-MS with direct injection nebulization, spatially resolved measurements of size and velocity distributions of aerosol droplets from a direct injection nebulizer, and elemental speciation by anion exchange and size exclusion chromatography with detection by ICP-MS with direct injection nebulization. Tabs, figs, refs.

Shum, S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Sandia National Laboratories: Siting: Wind Turbine/Radar Interference...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and MIT Lincoln Laboratory). The goal is to overcome interference caused by wind turbines on civilian and military radar systems by developing site planning tools,...

84

Software and Hardware Techniques for Mitigating the Multicore Interference Problem /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resource sharing on datacenter applications. In ISCA,interference between live datacenter applications. In SC,data obtained from live datacenter applications using Google

Gupta, Anshuman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Surface Cleaning Techniques: Ultra-Trace ICP-MS Sample Preparation and Assay of HDPE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The world’s most sensitive radiation detection and assay systems depend upon ultra-low background (ULB) materials to reduce unwanted radiological backgrounds. Herein, we evaluate methods to clean HDPE, a material of interest to ULB systems and the means to provide rapid assay of surface and bulk contamination. ULB level material and ultra-trace level detection of actinide elements is difficult to attain, due to the introduction of contamination from sample preparation equipment such as pipette tips, sample vials, forceps, etc. and airborne particulate. To date, literature available on the cleaning of such polymeric materials and equipment for ULB applications and ultra-trace analyses is limited. For these reasons, a study has been performed to identify an effective way to remove surface contamination from polymers in an effort to provide improved instrumental detection limits. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS) was utilized to assess the effectiveness of a variety of leachate solutions for removal of inorganic uranium and thorium surface contamination from polymers, specifically high density polyethylene (HDPE). HDPE leaching procedures were tested to optimize contaminant removal of thorium and uranium. Calibration curves for thorium and uranium ranged from 15 ppq (fg/mL) to 1 ppt (pg/mL). Detection limits were calculated at 6 ppq for uranium and 7 ppq for thorium. Results showed the most effective leaching reagent to be clean 6 M nitric acid for 72 hour exposures. Contamination levels for uranium and thorium found in the leachate solutions were significant for ultralow level radiation detection applications.

Overman, Nicole R.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Addleman, Raymond S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

87

On the superposition principle in interference experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The superposition principle is usually incorrectly applied in interference experiments. This has recently been investigated through numerics based on Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) methods as well as the Feynman path integral formalism. In the current work, we have derived an analytic formula for the Sorkin parameter which can be used to determine the deviation from the application of the principle. We have found excellent agreement between the analytic distribution and those that have been earlier estimated by numerical integration as well as resource intensive FDTD simulations. The analytic handle would be useful for comparing theory with future experiments. It is applicable both to physics based on classical wave equations as well as the non-relativistic Schrodinger equation.

Aninda Sinha; Aravind H. Vijay; Urbasi Sinha

2014-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

88

Aerodynamic interference between two Darrieus wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of aerodynamic interference on the performance of two curved bladed Darrieus-type vertical axis wind turbines has been calculated using a vortex/lifting line aerodynamic model. The turbines have a tower-to-tower separation distance of 1.5 turbine diameters, with the line of turbine centers varying with respect to the ambient wind direction. The effects of freestream turbulence were neglected. For the cases examined, the calculations showed that the downwind turbine power decrement (1) was significant only when the line of turbine centers was coincident with the ambient wind direction, (2) increased with increasing tipspeed ratio, and (3) is due more to induced flow angularities downstream than to speed deficits near the downstream turbine.

Schatzle, P.R.; Klimas, P.C.; Spahr, H.R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Time varying ISI model for nonlinear interference noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the effect of nonlinear interference in WDM systems is equivalent to slowly varying inter-symbol-interference (ISI), and hence its cancellation can be carried out by means of adaptive linear filtering. We characterize the ISI coefficients and discuss the potential gain following from their cancellation.

Dar, Ronen; Mecozzi, Antonio; Shtaif, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Testimony of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Testimony of James E. Hansen;2 Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Contents 1. Rationale of Presentation 2. My by NASA Office of Public Affairs C. Executive Control of Purse Strings 3. Practical Impact of Political

Hansen, James E.

91

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Resisting Analog Integrated Circuit Design Tutorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) RESISTING ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN TUTORIAL A Thesis by JINGJING YU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2012 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) RESISTING ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN TUTORIAL A Thesis by JINGJING YU Submitted to the Office...

Yu, Jingjing

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

92

Sagnac Interference in Carbon Nanotube Loops Gil Refael,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sagnac Interference in Carbon Nanotube Loops Gil Refael,1 Jinseong Heo,2 and Marc Bockrath2 1 loops. The conductance as a function of the applied voltage is shown to oscillate due to interference between electron beams traversing the loop in two opposite directions, with slightly different velocities

Bockrath, Marc

93

SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Martina Cardone.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--In this paper a K user multi-input single-output (MISO) interference noise contribution (Noisy IFC). We address the MISO downlink (DL) beamformer design and power allocation

Gesbert, David

94

Optimal Energy-Bandwidth Allocation for Energy Harvesting Interference Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Energy-Bandwidth Allocation for Energy Harvesting Interference Networks Zhe Wang, Vaneet@research.att.com Abstract--We develop optimal energy-bandwidth allocation algorithm for the energy harvesting transmitters in interference networks. We assume that both the channel gain and the harvested energy are known for K slots

Fisher, Kathleen

95

Grid Cells and Theta as Oscillatory Interference: Theory and Predictions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid Cells and Theta as Oscillatory Interference: Theory and Predictions Neil Burgess* ABSTRACT: The oscillatory interference model [Burgess et al. (2007) Hippocampus 17:801­802] of grid cell firing is reviewed as an algorith- mic level description of path integration and as an implementation level description of grid

Burgess, Neil

96

The Green Bank Interference Protection Group: Policies for RFI Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

possible access to the spectrum for Observers at Green Bank. Our general philosophy regarding this task has delegated to members of the IPG. The general philosophy for interference mitigation in Zone1 it if it happens to cause interference. At risk of stating the obvious, we note here that the equipment of visiting

Groppi, Christopher

97

Dynamical features of interference phenomena in the presence of entanglement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A strongly interacting, and entangling, heavy nonrecoiling external particle effects a significant change of the environment. Described locally, the corresponding entanglement event is a generalized electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, which differs from the original one in a crucial way. We propose a gedanken interference experiment. The predicted shift of the interference pattern is due to a self-induced or ''private'' potential difference experienced while the particle is in vacuum. We show that all nontrivial Born-Oppenheimer potentials are ''private'' potentials. We apply the Born-Oppenheimer approximation to interference states. Using our approach, we calculate the relative phase of the external heavy particle as well as its uncertainty throughout an interference experiment or entanglement event. We thus complement the Born-Oppenheimer approximation for interference states.

Kaufherr, T. [Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Physics Department, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Aharonov, Y. [Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Chapman University, Schmid College of Sciences, Orange, California 92866 (United States); Nussinov, S. [Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Popescu, S. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TK (United Kingdom); Tollaksen, J. [Chapman University, Schmid College of Sciences, Orange, California 92866 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Power line carrier interference from HVDC converter terminals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power line carrier (PLC) equipment typically operates in the frequency range from 25 kHz to 300 kHz. Interference studies for HVDC converters usually concentrate on interference from noise sources within this frequency range. However, operating experience at the Sandy Pond converter terminal has indicated that PLC equipment is also susceptible to interference from sources of power system harmonics below the PLC frequency range. Extensive field testing and analytical studies have shown that each PLC circuit has a resonant frequency below the operating frequency. If excited at this resonant frequency, high voltages may exist within the PLC circuit. The resulting saturation of PLC components leads to local generation of radio frequency (RF) noise that interferes with proper operation of PLC circuits. Sources of power system harmonics in the 3-10 kHz range, such as line commutated dc converters, are potential sources of this type of interference.

Tatro, P.J.; Adamson, K.A. (New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States)); Eitzmann, M.A.; Smead, M. (GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by standard Induced Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS), using ICP emission and atomic absorption methods for cations and ICP emission for anions. The hottest sampled...

100

Performance analysis of interference suppression techniques for multiple antenna systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pre-BLAST-DFE Technique for MISO Channels with DecentralizedPrecoding Operating over MISO Frequency Selec- tive Fadingon a Nonlinear Precoder for MISO Channels with Decentralized

Amihood, Patrick

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Role of electron-electron interference in ultrafast time-resolved imaging of electronic wavepackets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrafast time-resolved x-ray scattering is an emerging approach to image the dynamical evolution of the electronic charge distribution during complex chemical and biological processes in real-space and real-time. Recently, the differences between semiclassical and quantum-electrodynamical (QED) theory of light-matter interaction for scattering of ultrashort x-ray pulses from the electronic wavepacket were formally demonstrated and visually illustrated by scattering patterns calculated for an electronic wavepacket in atomic hydrogen [G. Dixit, O. Vendrell, and R. Santra, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 109, 11636 (2012)]. In this work, we present a detailed analysis of time-resolved x-ray scattering from a sample containing a mixture of non-stationary and stationary electrons within both the theories. In a many-electron system, the role of scattering interference between a non-stationary and several stationary electrons to the total scattering signal is investigated. In general, QED and semiclassical theory provide different results for the contribution from the scattering interference, which depends on the energy resolution of the detector and the x-ray pulse duration. The present findings are demonstrated by means of a numerical example of x-ray time-resolved imaging for an electronic wavepacket in helium. It is shown that the time-dependent scattering interference vanishes within semiclassical theory and the corresponding patterns are dominated by the scattering contribution from the time-independent interference, whereas the time-dependent scattering interference contribution do not vanish in the QED theory and the patterns are dominated by the scattering contribution from the non-stationary electron scattering.

Dixit, Gopal [Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Santra, Robin [Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestrasse 85, D-22607 Hamburg (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, D-20355 Hamburg (Germany)

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

102

Electromagnetic Interference from the ILC Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference is an emerging problem of the future. This investigation analyzed the data collected from airborne radiation waves that caused electronic devices to fail. This investigation was set up at SLAC in End Station A and the data collected from the electromagnetic waves were received from antennas. In order to calibrate the antennas it required a signal generator to transmit the signals to the antenna and a digital oscilloscope to receive the radiation waves from the other antenna. The signal generator that was used was only able to generate signals between 1 and 1.45 GHz; therefore, the calibrations were not able to be completed. Instead, excel was used to create a curve fitting for the attenuation factors that were already factory calibrated. The function from the curve fitting was then used to extend the calibrations on the biconical and yagi antennas. A fast Fourier Transform was then ran in Matlab on the radiation waves received by the oscilloscope; in addition, the attenuation factors were calculated into the program to show the actual amplitudes of these radiation waves. For future research, the antennas will be manually calibrated and the results will be reanalyzed.

Brown, LaVonda N.; /Norfolk State U. /SLAC

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

Simulation and Modeling Techniques for Signal Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High Frequency Electronic Systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation and Modeling Techniques for Signal Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High and Modeling Techniques for Signal Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High Frequency Electronic Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High Frequency Electronic Systems. by Luca Daniel Doctor

Daniel, Luca

104

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 279285 Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 279­285 Review Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness materials for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding are reviewed. They include composite materials-structural and structural composites, colloi- dal graphite, as well as EMI gasket materials. Electromagnetic interference

Chung, Deborah D.L.

105

Interference-induced splitting of resonances in spontaneous emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the resonance fluorescence from a coherently driven four-level atom in the Y-type configuration. The effects of quantum interference induced by spontaneous emission on the fluorescence properties of the atom are investigated. It is found that the quantum interference resulting from cascade emission decays of the atom leads to a splitting of resonances in the excited level populations calculated as a function of light detuning. For some parameters, interference assisted enhancement of inner sidebands and narrowing of central peaks may also occur in the fluorescence spectrum. We present a physical understandingof our numerical results using the dressed state description of the atom-light interaction.

R. Arun

2007-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

106

Witnessing Entanglement of EPR States With Second-Order Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The separability of the continuous-variable EPR state can be tested with Hanbury-Brown and Twiss type interference. The second-order visibility of such interference can provide an experimental test of entanglement. It is shown that time-resolved interference leads to the Hong, Ou and Mandel deep, that provides a signature of quantum non-separability for pure and mixed EPR states. A Hanbury-Brown and Twiss type witness operator can be constructed to test the quantum nature of the EPR entanglement.

Magdalena Stobi?ska; Krzysztof Wódkiewicz

2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

107

Interference suppression in spread-spectrum networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. Proakis, “Analysis of a MISO pre- BLAST-DFE technique forpre-BLAST-DFE technique for MISO channels with decentralized

Sui, Haichang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel interference on a silicon quantum photonic circuit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel quantum interference is observed in silicon nanophotonic directional couplers with raw visibilities on-chip at 90.5%. Spectrally-bright 1557-nm two-photon states are generated in a periodically-poled KTiOPO4 waveguide chip, serving as the entangled photon source and pumped with a self-injection locked laser, for the photon statistical measurements. Efficient four-port coupling in the communications C-band and in the high-index-contrast silicon photonics platform is demonstrated, with matching theoretical predictions of the quantum interference visibility. Constituents for the residual quantum visibility imperfection are examined, supported with theoretical analysis of the sequentially-triggered multipair biphoton contribution and techniques for visibility compensation, towards scalable high-bitrate quantum information processing and communications.

Xinan Xu; Zhenda Xie; Jiangjun Zheng; Junlin Liang; Tian Zhong; Mingbin Yu; Serdar Kocaman; Guo-Qiang Lo; Dim-Lee Kwong; Dirk R. Englund; Franco N. C. Wong; Chee Wei Wong

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - active electromagnetic interference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electromagnetic interference Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: active electromagnetic interference Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

110

Medium Voltage Overhead Power-line Broadband Communications; Transmission Capacity and Electromagnetic Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Electromagnetic Interference P. Amirshahi and M. Kavehrad (FIEEE) The Pennsylvania State University, Department distribution networks for broadband power-line communications applications. Electromagnetic interference

Kavehrad, Mohsen

111

1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting wireless devices around the globe, there  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting electromagnetic interference (EMI) across the airwaves. These communication networks are ubiquitous and dynamic

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

112

Quantum interference within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum interference is investigated within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. As shown in a previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 (2009) 250401], complex quantum trajectories display helical wrapping around stagnation tubes and hyperbolic deflection near vortical tubes, these structures being prominent features of quantum caves in space-time Argand plots. Here, we further analyze the divergence and vorticity of the quantum momentum function along streamlines near poles, showing the intricacy of the complex dynamics. Nevertheless, despite this behavior, we show that the appearance of the well-known interference features (on the real axis) can be easily understood in terms of the rotation of the nodal line in the complex plane. This offers a unified description of interference as well as an elegant and practical method to compute the lifetime for interference features, defined in terms of the average wrapping time, i.e., considering such features as a resonant process.

Chou, Chia-Chun, E-mail: chiachun@mail.utexas.ed [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Sanz, Angel S., E-mail: asanz@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Miret-Artes, Salvador, E-mail: s.miret@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Wyatt, Robert E., E-mail: wyattre@mail.utexas.ed [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Interference-Aware Geometric Modeling David Harmon1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference-Aware Geometric Modeling David Harmon1 Daniele Panozzo1,2 Olga Sorkine1,3 Denis Zorin1 as glaring artifacts, and eliminate the ability to use the final model further down many software pipelines

Grinspun, Eitan

114

Discovery and biochemical characterization of RNA interference in budding yeast  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RNA interference (RNAi) is a eukaryotic pathway for the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. In the simplest form of RNAi, a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) trigger is converted into small-RNA duplexes by the ...

Weinberg, David E. (David Eric)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Single antenna interference cancellation in asynchronous GSM/GPRS networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this project, we have proposed a decorrelator-based single antenna interference cancellation algorithm for the asynchronous GSM/GPRS network. The algorithm is tested according to the current SAIC/DARP performance ...

Chan, Chung, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Determining coal permeabilities through constant pressure production interference testing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DETERMINING COAL PERMEABILITIES THROUGH CONSTANT PRESSURE PRODUCTION INTERFERENCE TESTING A Thesis by STEPHEN KURT SCHUBARTH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University fn Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1983 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering DETERMINING COAL PERMEABILITIES THROUGH CONSTANT PRESSURE PRODUCTION INTERFERENCE TESTING A Thesis by STEPHEN KURT SCHUBARTH Approved as to style and content by: tephen A. Hold...

Schubarth, Stephen Kurt

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Quantitative 3-D Elemental Mapping by LA-ICP-MS of a Basaltic Clast from the Hanford 300 Area, Washington, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantitative 3-D Elemental Mapping by LA-ICP-MS of a Basaltic Clast from the Hanford 300 Area collected from the Hanford 300 Area in south-central Washington State, United States. A calibration method and riparian quality in many locations, most notably at the Hanford, Savannah River, Oak Ridge, and Nevada Test

Hu, Qinhong "Max"

118

INTERFERENCE FRINGES OF SOLAR ACOUSTIC WAVES AROUND SUNSPOTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar acoustic waves are scattered by a sunspot due to the interaction between the acoustic waves and the sunspot. The sunspot, excited by the incident wave, generates the scattered wave. The scattered wave is added to the incident wave to form the total wave around the sunspot. The interference fringes between the scattered wave and the incident wave are visible in the intensity of the total wave because the coherent time of the incident wave is of the order of a wave period. The strength of the interference fringes anti-correlates with the width of temporal spectra of the incident wave. The separation between neighboring fringes increases with the incident wavelength and the sunspot size. The strength of the fringes increases with the radial order n of the incident wave from n = 0 to n = 2, and then decreases from n = 2 to n = 5. The interference fringes play a role analogous to holograms in optics. This study suggests the feasibility of using the interference fringes to reconstruct the scattered wavefields of the sunspot, although the quality of the reconstructed wavefields is sensitive to the noise and errors in the interference fringes.

Chou, Dean-Yi; Zhao Hui; Yang, Ming-Hsu; Liang, Zhi-Chao, E-mail: chou@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Physics Department, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

119

Evaluation of pneumatic nebulization and ns-laser ablation ICP-MS for bulk elemental analysis and 2-dimensional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ID: JA-ART-12-2013-050387 Article Type: Paper Date Submitted by the Author: 12-Dec-2013 Complete List Brussels, Belgium.25 Electronic Supplementary Information (ESI) available Introduction The continuously

Claeys, Philippe

120

On-shell interference effects in Higgs final states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Top quark loops in Higgs production via gluon fusion at large invariant final state masses can induce important interference effects in searches for additional Higgs bosons as predicted in, e.g., Higgs portal scenarios and the MSSM when the heavy scalar is broad or the final state resolution is poor. Currently, the limit setting as performed by both ATLAS and CMS is based on injecting a heavy Higgs-like signal neglecting interference effects. In this paper, we perform a study of such "on-shell" interference effects in $pp\\to ZZ$ and find that they lead to a $\\lesssim{\\cal{O}}(30%)$ width scheme-dependent modification of the signal strength. Including the continuum contributions to obtain e.g. the full $pp\\to ZZ \\to 4\\ell$ final state, this modification is reduced to the 10% level in the considered intermediate mass range.

Christoph Englert; Ian Low; Michael Spannowsky

2015-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Reduction of interference on substation low voltage wiring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes test results and mitigation methods of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on control and low voltage circuits in substations caused by air disconnect switch operation. The tests are focused on a comparison between unshielded and shielded circuits from capacitively coupled voltage transformers (CCVT) and other equipment circuits in the vicinity. New test data are presented comparing unshielded and shielded cables and transient currents on all connections to the CCVT including the pedestal and ground strap. The paper gives a practical and understandable explanation of the causes of EMI in substations and how shielded cable and parallel ground conductors reduce interference. Design guidelines are listed in the Conclusion.

Gavazza, R.J. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)] [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States); Wiggins, C.M. [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)] [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Determination of 235U/238U Ratio on Urine by ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LLNL Internal Dosimetry Program - The new procedure satisfies the requirement to determine {sup 235}U/{sup 238}U ratio in bioassay urine samples. MDA - The L{sub C} and MDA{sub 95} for {sup 235}U are well below the required detection limit of 0.00035 {mu}g/L. Turn around time - Analysis of 10 samples plus 2 QCs can be completed in one work day (8 hours).

Collins, L; Gobaleza, A; Langston, R; Radev, R; Than, C; Wong, C; Wood-Zika, A

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

123

Interference evaluation between manifold and wet Christmas tree CP systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Offshore production wells are controlled by valves installed in the marine soil, called wet Christmas trees (WCTs). A manifold receives the production of several wells and transports it to the platform. The manifold is cathodically protected by Al anodes and the WCT by Zn anodes. A computer simulation was carried out to evaluate the interference between the equipment cathodic protection systems.

Brasil, S.L.D.C.; Baptista, W.

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Distinguishing between interference and exploitation competition for shelter in a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distinguishing between interference and exploitation competition for shelter in a mobile fish) as a model system of mobile fish to investigate the effect of intraspecific competition on shelter use and population density. For each experiment the location of each individual fish was observed over a period of 10

Jones, Owen

125

SUBMITTED TO JSAC, FEB. 2005 1 Distributed Interference Compensation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBMITTED TO JSAC, FEB. 2005 1 Distributed Interference Compensation for Wireless Networks Jianwei Huang, Randall Berry, Michael L. Honig Abstract We consider a distributed power control scheme for wireless ad hoc networks, in which each user announces a price that reflects compensation paid by other

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

126

Radiation interference from sources rotating around Schwarzschild black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the influence of the spacetime curvature on the interference of the radiation emitted by an ensemble of scalar sources in circular motion around a Schwarzschild black hole. We pay particular attention to the transition from the radiating to the non-radiating regime as the number of sources increases.

Raissa F. P. Mendes; George E. A. Matsas

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

127

Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dominant and in balanced bilinguals tested only in English. Experiment 3 conducted with bilinguals tested in both languages, showed that the metaphor interference effect was not obtained in either language in English-dominant bilinguals and was obtained in Spanish only...

Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

128

RESEARCH Open Access Helicobacter pylori interferes with an embryonic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESEARCH Open Access Helicobacter pylori interferes with an embryonic stem cell micro RNA cluster. In this work we report that Helicobacter pylori, a human stomach-colonizing bacterium responsible for severe defense mechanism against bacterial infections. Keywords: microRNAs, cell cycle, Helicobacter pylori

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

Competitive Interference-aware Spectrum Access in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Competitive Interference-aware Spectrum Access in Cognitive Radio Networks Jocelyne Elias, Fabio studies the spectrum access problem in cognitive radio networks from a game theoretical perspective. Finally, we provide numerical results of the proposed spectrum access game in several cognitive radio

Boyer, Edmond

130

SPECTRUM OPPORTUNITY AND INTERFERENCE CONSTRAINT IN OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the radio spec- trum? Actual spectrum usage measurements obtained by the FCC's Spectrum Policy Task Force [1SPECTRUM OPPORTUNITY AND INTERFERENCE CONSTRAINT IN OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS Qing Zhao@ece.ucdavis.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we study two important concepts in opportunis- tic spectrum access: spectrum

Islam, M. Saif

131

Electromagnetic interference impact of the proposed emitters for the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP). Interim report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed HAARP emitters at the Gakona (Alaska) preferred site and at the Clear AFS (Alaska) alternative site are the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI), the Incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR), and the Vertical Incidence Sounder(VIS). The electromagnetic interference (EMI) impact of those emitters on receiving systems in the vicinity of the sites is estimated in this study. The results are intended for use as an input to the Air Force Environmental Impact Statement as part of the Environmental Impact Analysis Process.

Robertshaw, G.A.; Snyder, A.L.; Weiner, M.M.

1993-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Chemical and Radiochemical Analysis of Consolidated Sludge Samples from the K East Basin  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consolidated sludge samples described in this report were collected from the Hanford K East Basin fuel storage pool in March and April 1999. Material for the samples was collected from both the basin floor and fuel canisters within the basin. Analyses persented include weight percent solids determination, uranium analysis by kinetic phosphorescence (KPA), plutonium isotope analysis by alpha energy analysis (AEA), gross beta analysis, gamma energy analysis (GEA), and metals analysis by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES).

Elmore, Monte R.; Schmidt, Andrew J.; Silvers, Kurt L.; Thornton, Brenda M.; Gano, Susan R.

2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

133

Accurate determination of Curium and Californium isotopic ratios by inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) in 248Cm samples for transmutation studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The French Atomic Energy Commission has carried out several experiments including the mini-INCA (INcineration of Actinides) project for the study of minor-actinide transmutation processes in high intensity thermal neutron fluxes, in view of proposing solutions to reduce the radiotoxicity of long-lived nuclear wastes. In this context, a Cm sample enriched in {sup 248}Cm ({approx}97 %) was irradiated in thermal neutron flux at the High Flux Reactor (HFR) of the Laue-Langevin Institute (ILL). This work describes a quadrupole ICP-MS (ICP-QMS) analytical procedure for precise and accurate isotopic composition determination of Cm before sample irradiation and of Cm and Cf after sample irradiation. The factors that affect the accuracy and reproducibility of isotopic ratio measurements by ICP-QMS, such as peak centre correction, detector dead time, mass bias, abundance sensitivity and hydrides formation, instrumental background, and memory blank were carefully evaluated and corrected. Uncertainties of the isotopic ratios, taking into account internal precision of isotope ratio measurements, peak tailing, and hydrides formations ranged from 0.3% to 1.3%. This uncertainties range is quite acceptable for the nuclear data to be used in transmutation studies.

Gourgiotis, A.; Isnard, H.; Aubert, M.; Dupont, E.; AlMahamid, I.; Cassette, P.; Panebianco, S.; Letourneau, A.; Chartier, F.; Tian, G.; Rao, L.; Lukens, W.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers the multiple-input-single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) with interference decoding capability (IDC), so that the interference signal can be decoded and subtracted from the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are classically designed to reach a compromise between mitigating the generated interference (zero forcing of the interference) or maximizing the energy at the desired user. The particularly intriguing problem arising in the multi-antenna IC with IDC is that transmitters may now have the incentive to amplify the interference generated at the non-intended receivers, in the hope that Rxs have a better chance of decoding the interference and removing it. This notion completely changes the previous paradigm of balancing between maximizing the desired energy and reducing the generated interference, thus opening up a new dimension for the beamforming design strategy. Our contributions proceed by proving that the optimal rank of the...

Ho, Z K M; Jorswieck, E; Mochaourab, R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

An analog approach to interference suppression in ultra-wideband receivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Because of the huge bandwidth of Ultra-Wideband (UWB) systems, in-band narrowband interference may hinder receiver performance. In this dissertation, sources of potential narrowband interference that lie within the IEEE 802.15.3a UWB bandwidth...

Fischer, Timothy W.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

136

Constrained gamma-Z interference corrections to parity-violating electron scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive analysis of gamma-Z interference corrections to the weak charge of the proton measured in parity-violating electron scattering, including a survey of existing models and a critical analysis of their uncertainties. Constraints from parton distributions in the deep-inelastic region, together with new data on parity-violating electron scattering in the resonance region, result in significantly smaller uncertainties on the corrections compared to previous estimates. At the kinematics of the Qweak experiment, we determine the gamma-Z box correction to be Re\\box_{gamma-Z}^V = (5.61 +- 0.36) x 10^{-3}. The new constraints also allow precise predictions to be made for parity-violating deep-inelastic asymmetries on the deuteron.

Hall, Nathan Luke [Adelaide U.; Blunden, Peter Gwithian [Manitoba U.; Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB; Thomas, Anthony W. [Adelaide U.; Young, Ross D. [Adelaide U.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric reproductive interference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security 6. Operational Environment 7. Cryptographic Key Management 8. Electromagnetic Interference... 08282003 Asymmetric Key Establishment Techniques Clarification of...

138

Quantum Interference in Cognition: Structural Aspects of the Brain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We identify the presence of typically quantum effects, namely 'superposition' and 'interference', in what happens when human concepts are combined, and provide a quantum model in complex Hilbert space that represents faithfully experimental data measuring the situation of combining concepts. Our model shows how 'interference of concepts' explains the effects of underextension and overextension when two concepts combine to the disjunction of these two concepts. This result supports our earlier hypothesis that human thought has a superposed two-layered structure, one layer consisting of 'classical logical thought' and a superposed layer consisting of 'quantum conceptual thought'. Possible connections with recent findings of a 'grid-structure' for the brain are analyzed, and influences on the mind/brain relation, and consequences on applied disciplines, such as artificial intelligence and quantum computation, are considered.

Diederik Aerts; Sandro Sozzo

2012-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

139

Combined Use of Magnetic and Electrically Conductive Fillers in a Polymer Matrix for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding JUNHUA WU1,2 and D.D.L. CHUNG1,3 1.--Composite Materials Research for electromagnetic interference shielding than the use of a highly magnetic filler alone or the use of a highly, magnetic, electrical resistivity, nickel, mumetal, graphite INTRODUCTION Electromagnetic interference (EMI

Chung, Deborah D.L.

140

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube structure on the electromagnetic interference shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube structure on the electromagnetic interference.01­15%) have been evaluated for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE) in the X and aerospace sectors with uses such as electrostatic dissipation, electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding

Gao, Hongjun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Simulating the tail of the interference in a Poisson network model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols and more advanced transmission schemes that better exploit of the cumulative distribution function of the interference. However, when the tail of the interference is small be inverted to obtain the law of the interference. This is possible, for instance, if = 4 and the system

142

Stray current interference control for HVDC earth currents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines exist around the world, with several in the US. When one conductor must be taken out of operation (in case of emergency), the earth may be used as an alternate conductor. The earth current may be accumulated on and discharged from underground metallic structures that cross the voltage gradient created by the current. Test results on two lines showed that stray current interference is not a major problem if mitigated properly.

Fitzgerald, J.H. III [PSG Corrosion Engineering/Corrpro Cos., Detroit, MI (United States); Kroon, D.H. [Corrpro Companies Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Addressing the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant`s electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Second, a verification and validation (V&V) program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate acceptance criteria to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. V&V should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation susceptibility attributable to EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (US). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Addressing the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant's electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Second, a verification and validation (V V) program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate acceptance criteria to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. V V should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation susceptibility attributable to EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Antonescu, C. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Interference effects in isolated Josephson junction arrays with geometric symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the size of a Josephson junction is reduced, charging effects become important and the superconducting phase across the link turns into a periodic quantum variable. Isolated Josephson junction arrays are described in terms of such periodic quantum variables and thus exhibit pronounced quantum interference effects arising from paths with different winding numbers (Aharonov-Casher effects). These interference effects have strong implications for the excitation spectrum of the array which are relevant in applications of superconducting junction arrays for quantum computing. The interference effects are most pronounced in arrays composed of identical junctions and possessing geometric symmetries; they may be controlled by either external gate potentials or by adding/removing charge to/from the array. Here we consider a loop of N identical junctions encircling one half superconducting quantum of magnetic flux. In this system, the ground state is found to be non-degenerate if the total number of Cooper pairs on the array is divisible by N, and doubly degenerate otherwise (after the stray charges are compensated by the gate voltages).

D. A. Ivanov; L. B. Ioffe; V. B. Geshkenbein; G. Blatter

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

146

ICP Contract Modifications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching. | EMSL Bubblesstructure theby J.H.

147

Controlling the Interference of Multiple Molecular Orbitals in High-Harmonic Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new method to investigate the origin of spectral structures in high-harmonic generation. We report detailed measurements of high-harmonic spectra in aligned nitrogen and carbon dioxide molecules. Varying the wavelength and intensity of the generating laser field, we show that the minimum in aligned N{sub 2} molecules is nearly unaffected, whereas the minimum in aligned CO{sub 2} molecules shifts over more than 15 eV. Our quantitative analysis shows that both the interference of multiple orbitals and their structural characteristics affect the position of the minimum. Our method provides a simple approach to the investigation of the high-harmonic generation process in more complex molecules.

Woerner, H. J.; Bertrand, J. B.; Hockett, P.; Corkum, P. B.; Villeneuve, D. M. [Joint Laboratory for Attosecond Science, National Research Council of Canada and University of Ottawa, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

148

S-P wave interference in the K+K- photoproduction on hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the partial wave interference effects to obtain a new information about the contribution of the S-wave to the cross section of the K+K- photoproduction on hydrogen. The K+K- photoproduction channel for the effective masses around 1 GeV is dominated by the phi(1020) resonance with only a small fraction of events coming from decays of scalar resonances f0(980) and a0(980). However, a careful analysis of angular distributions of the outgoing kaons shows that the S-wave adds an asymmetry to the angular distribution of kaons. A fairly precise estimation of the K+K- photoproduction cross section in the S-wave has been obtained.

L. Bibrzycki; L. Lesniak; A. P. Szczepaniak

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

149

Characteristics of electromagnetic interference generated during discharge of Mylar samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the measurements of the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated during discharges of Mylar samples. The two components of EMI, the conducted emission and the radiated emission, are characterized by the replacement current and the radiated RF spectrum respectively. The measured radiated RF spectra reveal important information on the source of the electromagnetic radiation. The possible sources are the replacement current pulse and the discharged generated plasma. The scaling of the amplitudes of the EMI, as a function of the area of the test sample, is also discussed.

Leung, P.L.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Study of continuous tone interference in TCM systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a Iici tiii'bcd Ye!sion of v. The n&a?in&un& lil&elihoo&l decodei foi, i 9!3&I(, ' sclccfs v ?s IIi&7 code u'ord iYI!i& 1& misiniiaes th& log-Iil&elihoocl luncLion log P(i f v) iuhei'c. /, + 7? ? I P('I )= II P(. , Iv)= Il P(*I '*) 7=0 i=0..., South Gujarat University Chair of Advisory Comrrdttee: Dr. Jay Livingston In certain applications of digital communications, continuous tone interference is observed to deteriorate the system performance greatly. In this research trellis-coded...

Akkihal, Shivanand

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Quantum interference in thermoelectric molecular junctions: A toy model perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum interference (QI) phenomena between electronic states in molecular circuits offer a new opportunity to design new types of molecular devices such as molecular sensors, interferometers, and thermoelectric devices. Controlling the QI effect is a key challenge for such applications. For the development of single molecular devices employing QI effects, a systematic study of the relationship between electronic structure and the quantum interference is needed. In order to uncover the essential topological requirements for the appearance of QI effects and the relationship between the QI-affected line shape of the transmission spectra and the electronic structures, we consider a homogeneous toy model where all on-site energies are identical and model four types of molecular junctions due to their topological connectivities. We systematically analyze their transmission spectra, density of states, and thermoelectric properties. Even without the degree of freedom for on-site energies an asymmetric Fano peak could be realized in the homogeneous systems with the cyclic configuration. We also calculate the thermoelectric properties of the model systems with and without fluctuation of on-site energies. Even under the fluctuation of the on-site energies, the finite thermoelectrics are preserved for the Fano resonance, thus cyclic configuration is promising for thermoelectric applications. This result also suggests the possibility to detect the cyclic configuration in the homogeneous systems and the presence of the QI features from thermoelectric measurements.

Nozaki, Daijiro, E-mail: daijiro.nozaki@gmail.com, E-mail: research@nano.tu-dresden.de [Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, TU Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Avdoshenko, Stas M. [Department of Chemistry and Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, 100 E. 24th St. A1590, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Sevinçli, Hâldun [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Izmir Institute of Technology, Gulbahce Kampusu 35430 Urla, Izmir (Turkey); Cuniberti, Gianaurelio [Institute for Materials Science and Max Bergmann Center of Biomaterials, TU Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Dresden Center for Computational Materials Science (DCCMS), TU Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany); Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfAED), TU Dresden, 01062 Dresden (Germany)

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

152

Conventional Wet Chemistry ICP-AES Development for RPP-WTP AY-102/C-106 Melter Feed Slurry Simulants - A Statistical Review of the Results from the Phase I Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The River Protection Project (RPP)--Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) is to prepare and process High Level Waste (HLW) streams into glass waste forms that will meet HLW disposal requirements. Samples of HLW sludge and samples of this sludge mixed with glass-forming chemicals are to be taken and analyzed for process control. Glass characterization from the melter is not included in the scope. The development of viable analytical protocols to provide the required elemental analyses of these samples with rapid turnaround times (before and after addition of the glass-forming chemicals) has been defined as an RPP statement of work for the Analytical Development Section (ADS) of the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). Wet chemistry is serving as the baseline comparison to laser ablation for method development. One of the simulants used in this study by ADS was AY-102/C-106 melter feed slurry simulant, a simulant used to represent HLW samples after the addition of glass-forming chemicals. Several different dissolution methods were used by ADS in preparing samples of this simulant for elemental analyses by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). The measurements generated by this process were provided to SRNL's Statistical Consulting Section (SCS) for analysis. The measurement data generated for samples of the RPP-WTP AY-102/C-106 melter feed slurry simulant are presented in this report and the different approaches used to prepare the samples are statistically compared. Comparisons among three of the dissolution methods are highlighted in this analysis. The methods are: sodium peroxide fusion in nickel crucibles, acidification with HNO{sub 3}/HCL at room temperature, and cesium carbonate fusion in zirconium crucibles. A summary table of the measurement averages generated by the three methods is presented. The cesium carbonate fusion method yielded measurements with significantly different mean values from the other two preparation methods for several of the elements.

Edwards, Thomas B.

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

153

Stimulated emission of two photons in parametric amplification and its interpretation as multi-photon interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stimulated emission of two photons is observed experimentally in the parametric amplification process and is compared to a three-photon interference scheme. We find that the underlying physics of stimulated emission is simply the constructive interference due to photon indistinguishability. So the observed signal enhancement upon the input of photons is a result of multi-photon interference of the input photons and the otherwise spontaneously emitted photon from the amplifier.

F. W. Sun; B. H. Liu; Y. X. Gong; Y. F. Huang; Z. Y. Ou; G. C. Guo

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

154

E-Print Network 3.0 - angle fluorescence interference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

both the excitation and fluorescence detection bands of WIBS. Interference filters were avoided... A low-cost multi-channel aerosol fluorescence sensor for networked deployment...

155

Feedback improves the generalized degrees of freedom of the strong interference channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the mimo interference channel with feedback,” 2008. Preprintthe impact of relays, feedback, co- operation and full-Feedback improves the generalized degrees of freedom of the

Cadambe, Viveck R; Jafar, Syed A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nano-superconducting quantum interference devices with suspended junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nano-Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices (nano-SQUIDs) are usually fabricated from a single layer of either Nb or Al. We describe here a simple method for fabricating suspended nano-bridges in Nb/Al thin-film bilayers. We use these suspended bridges, which act as Josephson weak links, to fabricate nano-SQUIDs which show critical current oscillations at temperatures up to 1.5?K and magnetic flux densities up to over 20?mT. These nano-SQUIDs exhibit flux modulation depths intermediate between all-Al and all-Nb devices, with some of the desirable characteristics of both. The suspended geometry is attractive for magnetic single nanoparticle measurements.

Hazra, D.; Hasselbach, K. [Institut Néel, CNRS and Université Joseph Fourier, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble (France); Kirtley, J. R. [Center for Probing the Nanoscale, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94305-4045 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

157

Tuneable quantum interference in a 3D integrated circuit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Integrated photonics promises solutions to questions of stability, complexity, and size in quantum optics. Advances in tunable and non-planar integrated platforms, such laser-inscribed photonics, continue to bring the realisation of quantum advantages in computation and metrology ever closer, perhaps most easily seen in multi-path interferometry. Here we demonstrate control of two-photon interference in a chip-scale 3D multi-path interferometer, showing a reduced periodicity and enhanced visibility compared to single photon measurements. Observed non-classical visibilities are widely tunable, and explained well by theoretical predictions based on classical measurements. With these predictions we extract a Fisher information approaching a theoretical maximum, demonstrating the capability of the device for quantum enhanced phase measurements.

Zachary Chaboyer; Thomas Meany; L. G. Helt; Michael J. Withford; M. J. Steel

2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electron Matter Wave Interferences at High Vacuum Pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to trap and guide coherent electrons is gaining importance in fundamental as well as in applied physics. In this regard novel quantum devices are currently developed that may operate under low vacuum conditions. Here we study the loss of electron coherence with increasing background gas pressure. Thereby optionally helium, hydrogen or nitrogen is introduced in a biprism interferometer where the interference contrast is a measure for the coherence of the electrons. The results indicate a constant contrast that is not decreasing in the examined pressure range between $10^{-9}$ mbar and $10^{-4}$ mbar. Therefore no decoherence was observed even under poor vacuum conditions. Due to scattering of the electron beam with background H$_2$-molecules a signal loss of 94 % was determined. The results may lower the vacuum requirements for novel quantum devices with free coherent electrons.

Schütz, Georg; Pooch, Andreas; Stibor, Alexander

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Radiofrequency amplifier based on a dc superconducting quantum interference device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low noise radiofrequency amplifier (10), using a dc SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) as the input amplifying element. The dc SQUID (11) and an input coil (12) are maintained at superconductivity temperatures in a superconducting shield (13), with the input coil (12) inductively coupled to the superconducting ring (17) of the dc SQUID (11). A radiofrequency signal from outside the shield (13) is applied to the input coil (12), and an amplified radiofrequency signal is developed across the dc SQUID ring (17) and transmitted to exteriorly of the shield (13). A power gain of 19.5.+-.0.5 dB has been achieved with a noise temperature of 1.0.+-.0.4 K. at a frequency of 100 MHz.

Hilbert, Claude (Berkeley, CA); Martinis, John M. (Berkeley, CA); Clarke, John (Berkeley, CA)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Radiofrequency amplifier based on a dc superconducting quantum interference device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A low noise radiofrequency amplifer, using a dc SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device) as the input amplifying element. The dc SQUID and an input coil are maintained at superconductivity temperatures in a superconducting shield, with the input coil inductively coupled to the superconducting ring of the dc SQUID. A radiofrequency signal from outside the shield is applied to the input coil, and an amplified radiofrequency signal is developed across the dc SQUID ring and transmitted to exteriorly of the shield. A power gain of 19.5 +- 0.5 dB has been achieved with a noise temperature of 1.0 +- 0.4 K at a frequency of 100 MHz.

Hilbert, C.; Martinis, J.M.; Clarke, J.

1984-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Development of high through-put Sr isotope analysis for monitoring reservoir integrity for CO{sub 2} storage.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent innovations in multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) have allowed for rapid and precise measurements of isotope ratios in geological samples. Naturally occurring Sr isotopes has the potential for use in Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) associated with geologic CO2 storage. Sr isotopes can be useful for: Sensitive tracking of brine migration; Determining seal rock leakage; Studying fluid/rock reactions. We have optimized separation chemistry procedures that will allow operators to prepare samples for Sr isotope analysis off site using rapid, low cost methods.

Wall, Andy; Jain, Jinesh; Stewart, Brian; Capo, Rosemary; Hakala, Alexandra J.; Hammack, Richard; Guthrie, George

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Author's personal copy Numerical study of interference between simple-shape bodies in hypersonic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Numerical study of interference between simple-shape bodies in hypersonic 2008 Available online 3 December 2008 Keywords: Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows Direct simulation Monte-Carlo method Flow interference Simple-shape bodies Toroidal balloon a b s t r a c t Hypersonic rarefied

Riabov, Vladimir V.

163

A method for calculating wide band electromagnetic interference from power line corona  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An algorithm for calculating electromagnetic interference from power line corona for a range of frequencies from 100 kHz to 30 MHz is demonstrated. It can be used for calculations at any distance or direction from the line. The algorithm incorporates an existing generation function which has been optimized by comparison to long term electromagnetic interference measurements.

Olsen, R.G. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science] [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Schennum, S.D. [Gonzaga Univ., Spokane, WA (United States)] [Gonzaga Univ., Spokane, WA (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung; Silica fume; Shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding [1­4] is in critical, NY 14260-4400, USA Received 9 January 2002; accepted 14 August 2003 Abstract An electromagnetic

Chung, Deborah D.L.

165

Finding Source of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) to GPS Using a Network Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finding Source of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) to GPS Using a Network Sensors Shau-Shiun Jan, Per Enge Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics Stanford University ABSTRACT Any electromagnetic interference (EMI) to GPS must invoke a fast location and removal response, because of the high military

Stanford University

166

Probabilistic quantum gates between remote atoms through interference of optical frequency qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probabilistic quantum gates between remote atoms through interference of optical frequency qubits L gates on remote trapped atom qubits through interference of optical frequency qubits. The method does be localized well under the Lamb-Dicke limit through laser cooling in a strong trap, the elimination

Madsen, Martin John

167

Energy-Limited vs. Interference-Limited Ad Hoc Network Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, signal and interference power increase proportionally while thermal noise power remains constant. Thus are thermal noise and multi- user interference. If the power of each simultaneous trans- mission is increased-limited, and any further increase in transmission power provides essentially no benefit. On the other hand, thermal

Jindal, Nihar

168

An Experimental Investigation on the Wake Interference of Wind Turbines Sited Over Complex Terrains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Experimental Investigation on the Wake Interference of Wind Turbines Sited Over Complex, 50011 An experimental study was conducted to investigate the interferences of wind turbines sited over conducted in a large wind tunnel with of wind turbine models sited over a flat terrain (baseline case

Hu, Hui

169

Heavy Higgs signal-background interference in gg --> VV in the Standard Model plus real singlet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the Standard Model extended with a real scalar singlet field, the modification of the heavy Higgs signal due to interference with the continuum background and the off-shell light Higgs contribution is studied for gg --> ZZ, WW --> 4 lepton processes at the Large Hadron Collider. A public program that allows to simulate the full interference is presented.

Kauer, Nikolas

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks M. C. Valenti 1 D. Torrieri 2 S, 2013 Salvatore Talarico (shortinst)Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks June 11, 2013 1 / 23 #12;Outline 1 Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks 2 Outage Probability with Adjacent

Valenti, Matthew C.

171

The Impact of Interference on Optimal Multi-path Routing in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Interference on Optimal Multi-path Routing in Ad Hoc Networks Roland de Haan, Richard-to-end performance measures such as through- put in ad hoc networks, emphasizing the performance trade-off between-destination pairs and different radio ranges are analyzed. Keywords: Ad hoc networks, Interference, Capacity, Multi

Boucherie, Richard J.

172

Turbo Equalization of Non-Linear Satellite Channels using Soft Interference Cancellation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbo Equalization of Non-Linear Satellite Channels using Soft Interference Cancellation D by such channels is considered, by employing a soft interference canceller operating in a turbo equalization framework. I. INTRODUCTION Inspired by the advent of turbo codes [1], turbo equal- ization (TE) [2] has

Rontogiannis, Athanasios A.

173

BLIND MULTIUSER DETECTION AND INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION IN DSCDMA MOBILE RADIO SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLIND MULTIUSER DETECTION AND INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION IN DS­CDMA MOBILE RADIO SYSTEMS Samir USA ABSTRACT This paper deals with blind adaptive multiuser detection and interference cancellation presents a two­stage blind adaptive receiver architecture which car­ ries out multiuser detection using

Huang, Yih-Fang

174

On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock Infineon in a multi-input single- output (MISO) interference channel (IFC) and its dual SIMO with linear transmit (Tx for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

Gesbert, David

175

Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI,erik.larsson}@isy.liu.se Abstract--We consider the two-user multiple-input single- output (MISO) interference channel and the rate of the IFC is called a multiple-input single-output (MISO) This work was supported in part by the Swedish

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

176

Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability K. M. Ho , D,mochaourab}@ifn.et.tu-dresden.de Abstract-- This paper considers the multiple-input- single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) in which the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are designed

Gesbert, David

177

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L. Honig  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi-input, single- output (MISO) wireless links. The objective] can be directly generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Section II. Such an algorithm

Honig, Michael L.

178

Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel Laurent Gallo) maximization for a K-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) cognitive Interference Channel (IFC) with linear studied in a non-cognitive scenario for the MISO inter- ference channel (IFC) in [3], where a distributed

Gesbert, David

179

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE"?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE on the global warming that can be tolerated without risking dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. I" mainly as a metaphor for the danger posed by global warming. So I changed "Hell" to "disaster." What

Hansen, James E.

180

Grid Cells and Theta as Oscillatory Interference: Electrophysiological Data From Freely Moving Rats  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grid Cells and Theta as Oscillatory Interference: Electrophysiological Data From Freely Moving Rats, regular firing patterns by medial entorhinal cortical (mEC) grid cells in terms of the interference specific relationships between the intrinsic firing frequency and spa- tial scale of grid cell firing

Burgess, Neil

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ccsd00001592, Interference of an array of independent Bose-Einstein condensates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Einstein condensates Zoran Hadzibabic, Sabine Stock, Baptiste Battelier, Vincent Bretin, and Jean Dalibard Laboratoire-contrast matter wave interference between 30 Bose-Einstein condensates with uncorrelated phases. Interference patterns were observed after independent condensates were released from a one-dimensional optical lattice

182

Electrochemical control of quantum interference in anthraquinone-based molecular switches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrochemical control of quantum interference in anthraquinone-based molecular switches Troels properties of a recently proposed anthraquinone-based electrochemical switch. Robust conductance on in the anthraquinone but absent in the hydroquinone molecular bridge. A simple explanation of the interference effect

Thygesen, Kristian

183

Mechanisms of electromagnetic interference between electrical networks and neighboring metallic utilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the mechanisms of electromagnetic interference between a power line and a neighboring pipeline. An electromagnetic field theory approach is used to carry out the study. First, the field theory approach is used to model the complete conductor network under consideration as is. The inductive, capacitive and conductive interference effects between all the elements in the network are simultaneously taken into account in one single step. The computed results are then used to develop a network model whereby the inductive, capacitive and conductive interference effects can be separated. This approach allows one to better understand the effects of each individual component and compare the field-theory (inductive) based results with those obtained from a circuit model approach. The effects of a typical mitigation system on the interference levels are also studied. The results presented in this paper clearly illustrate the mechanisms of electromagnetic interference and mitigation between electrical networks and neighboring metallic utilities.

Dawalibi, F.P.; Ma, J.; Li, Y. [Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Television interference measurements near the MOD-2 WT array at Goodnoe Hills, Washington  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference to television reception caused by the MOD-2 wind turbine (WT) array at Goodnoe Hills, Washington, was studied by means of detailed measurements at a number of test sites in the vicinity of the WT array. The commercial television signals available in the area were used as the radio frequency sources during the measurements. The dynamic measurements indicated that varying amounts of TVI were produced at all sites and on some or all of the available TV channels; with the directional antenna in use, most of the backward region interference produced video distortion that was judged to be acceptable; at one test location about 1-1/2 miles from the WT array site, forward region interference was observed; when the blades of the WTs rotate in synchronism, they tend to increase the amplitude of the interference pulses, thereby producing more TVI effects; and when the blades do not rotate in synchronism, each WT produces interference effects individually.

Sengupta, D L; Senior, T B.A.; Ferris, J E

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Tailoring double Fano profiles with plasmon-assisted quantum interference in hybrid exciton-plasmon system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose tailoring of the double Fano profiles via plasmon-assisted quantum interference in a hybrid exciton-plasmon system. Tailoring is performed by the interference between two exciton channels interacting with a common localized surface plasmon. Using an applied field of low intensity, the absorption spectrum of the hybrid system reveals a double Fano lineshape with four peaks. For relatively large field intensity, a broad flat window in the absorption spectrum appears which results from the destructive interference between excitons. Because of strong constructive interference, this window vanishes as intensity is further increased. We have designed a nanometer bandpass optical filter for visible light based on tailoring of the optical spectrum. This study provides a platform for quantum interference that may have potential applications in ultracompact tunable quantum devices.

Zhao, Dongxing; Wu, Jiarui [State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Gu, Ying, E-mail: ygu@pku.edu.cn; Gong, Qihuang [State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Probing the antisymmetric Fano interference assisted by a Majorana fermion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As the Fano effect is an interference phenomenon where tunneling paths compete for the electronic transport, it becomes a probe to catch fingerprints of Majorana fermions lying on condensed matter systems. In this work, we benefit of this mechanism by proposing as a route for that an Aharonov-Bohm-like interferometer composed by two quantum dots, being one of them coupled to a Majorana bound state, which is attached to one of the edges of a semi-infinite Kitaev wire within the topological phase. By changing the Fermi energy of the leads and the symmetric detuning of the levels for the dots, we show that opposing Fano regimes result in a transmittance characterized by distinct conducting and insulating regions, which are fingerprints of an isolated Majorana quasiparticle. Furthermore, we show that the maximum fluctuation of the transmittance as a function of the detuning is half for a semi-infinite wire, while it corresponds to the unity for a finite system. The setup proposed here constitutes an alternative experimental tool to detect Majorana excitations.

Dessotti, F. A.; Ricco, L. S. [Departamento de Física e Química, Unesp - Univ Estadual Paulista, 15385-000 Ilha Solteira, São Paulo (Brazil); Souza, M. de [Departamento de Física, IGCE, Unesp - Univ Estadual Paulista, 13506-900 Rio Claro, São Paulo (Brazil); Souza, F. M. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, 38400-902 Uberlândia, Minas Gerais (Brazil); Seridonio, A. C. [Departamento de Física e Química, Unesp - Univ Estadual Paulista, 15385-000 Ilha Solteira, São Paulo (Brazil); Departamento de Física, IGCE, Unesp - Univ Estadual Paulista, 13506-900 Rio Claro, São Paulo (Brazil)

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

187

Aharonov-Bohm interferences from local deformations in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One of the most interesting aspects of graphene is the tied relation between structural and electronic properties. The observation of ripples in the graphene samples both free standing and on a substrate has given rise to a very active investigation around the membrane-like properties of graphene and the origin of the ripples remains as one of the most interesting open problems in the system. The interplay of structural and electronic properties is successfully described by the modelling of curvature and elastic deformations by fictitious gauge fields that have become an ex- perimental reality after the suggestion that Landau levels can form associated to strain in graphene and the subsequent experimental confirmation. Here we propose a device to detect microstresses in graphene based on a scanning-tunneling-microscopy setup able to measure Aharonov-Bohm inter- ferences at the nanometer scale. The interferences to be observed in the local density of states are created by the fictitious magnetic field associated to elastic deformations of the sample.

Fernando de Juan; Alberto Cortijo; María A. H. Vozmediano; Andrés Cano

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

188

SPACE TIME INTERFERENCE ALIGNMENT SCHEME FOR THE MIMO BC AND IC WITH DELAYED CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Heath, space-time interference align- ment (STIA), proves that in the underdetermined (overloaded) multi in [11] proposed a scheme, hereafter referred to as space-time interference alignment (STIA

Gesbert, David

189

Method of managing interference during delay recovery on a train system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention provides methods for preventing low train voltages and managing interference, thereby improving the efficiency, reliability, and passenger comfort associated with commuter trains. An algorithm implementing neural network technology is used to predict low voltages before they occur. Once voltages are predicted, then multiple trains can be controlled to prevent low voltage events. Further, algorithms for managing inference are presented in the present invention. Different types of interference problems are addressed in the present invention such as "Interference During Acceleration", "Interference Near Station Stops", and "Interference During Delay Recovery." Managing such interference avoids unnecessary brake/acceleration cycles during acceleration, immediately before station stops, and after substantial delays. Algorithms are demonstrated to avoid oscillatory brake/acceleration cycles due to interference and to smooth the trajectories of closely following trains. This is achieved by maintaining sufficient following distances to avoid unnecessary braking/accelerating. These methods generate smooth train trajectories, making for a more comfortable ride, and improve train motor reliability by avoiding unnecessary mode-changes between propulsion and braking. These algorithms can also have a favorable impact on traction power system requirements and energy consumption.

Gordon, Susanna P.; Evans, John A.

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

190

Characterization of the coherent noise, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference of the ATLAS EM calorimeter Front End Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of the coherent noise, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference of the ATLAS EM calorimeter Front End Board

Chase, B E; Lanni, F; Makowiecki, D S; Radeka, V; Rescia, S; Takai, H; Bán, J; Parsons, J; Sippach, W

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Use of fly ash as an admixture for electromagnetic interference shielding Jingyao Cao, D.D.L. Chung*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of fly ash as an admixture for electromagnetic interference shielding Jingyao Cao, D.D.L. Chung The use of fly ash as an admixture results in enhancement of the electromagnetic interference (EMI of fly ash as an admixture for enhancing the electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. EMI shielding

Chung, Deborah D.L.

192

Ratchet propagation of a magnetic domain wall in a single magnetic wire with quantum interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum interference incorporating spatially asymmetric potential profiles is realized experimentally to manipulate a magnetic domain wall (DW) into a single multilayered wire whose spacer has a thickness gradient for generating asymmetrical interlayer exchange coupling from side to side. We demonstrate experimentally how to guide a DW in a micron-scale ferromagnetic wire without reflection symmetry of the interlayer exchange coupling. This is the ratcheting of a DW in a form of ratchet potential using quantum interference. The experimental results can be described well by numerical simulations considering spatially asymmetric potential profiles due to quantum interference.

Yamaguchi, Akinobu; Miyajima, Hideki

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Ratchet propagation of a magnetic domain wall in a single magnetic wire with quantum interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum interference incorporating spatially asymmetric potential profiles is realized experimentally to manipulate a magnetic domain wall (DW) into a single multilayered wire whose spacer has a thickness gradient for generating asymmetrical interlayer exchange coupling from side to side. We demonstrate experimentally how to guide a DW in a micron-scale ferromagnetic wire without reflection symmetry of the interlayer exchange coupling. This is the ratcheting of a DW in a form of ratchet potential using quantum interference. The experimental results can be described well by numerical simulations considering spatially asymmetric potential profiles due to quantum interference.

Akinobu Yamaguchi; Tomoaki Kishimoto; Hideki Miyajima

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

194

OPTI 577-Advanced Optical Interference Coatings Course Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to current market design, optical characterization and post-process analysis software. Prerequisite: OPTI 575, inhomogeneity. Electrochromic Coatings. Introduction to Chemical Vapor Deposition and Coater #4. Refinement

Arizona, University of

195

EMI (electromagnetic interference) potential of proposed 115KV line near B-691  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Laser Operated Diamond Turning Machine (LODTM) is housed in Building 691. This facility contains electronic measurement and control systems which could be susceptible to interfering electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by sources external to B-691. In particular, concern has been expressed that such harmful EMI signals could be produced by the proposed WAPA 115KV feeder line which would be routed approximately 30 feet from the East side of the facility. Also, there has been some concern expressed about the effects of the resulting electromagnetic (EM) fields on personnel in the proximity of the power line. Since it is necessary to measure the EM fields to ascertain if a hazard does indeed exist, and since we in ERD have been performing such field measurements for many years, we were contacted to determine the field levels from the line that might be expected inside and close to B-691. This report describes our approach, equipment and calibration procedures, analysis techniques used, results, and suggestions for future work in related areas. 9 refs., 41 figs.

Latorre, V.R.; Wythe, D.M.

1989-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

196

Vertical interference pressure testing across a low-permeability zone with unsteady crossflow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Existing analytical models for interpreting vertical interference pressure tests across the low permeability zone in a three-layered reservoir usually assume transient radial flow in the high permeability layers and pseudo-steady vertical crossflow in the intervening tight zone. The neglect of vertical flow in the high permeability layers, and the neglect of radial flow in the tight layer, requires the permeability contrast between these layers to be large. However, when this assumption is satisfied, it is also very likely that the pressure diffusivity in the tight layer is much smaller than that in the high permeability layers. Thus, to be consistent, the flow across the tight layer must be treated as an unsteady diffusive process driven by the transient pressure changes occurring in the high permeability layers. In this paper, the authors extend the analysis by replacing their pseudo-steady crossflow assumption with unsteady crossflow and interpret the crossflow response in terms of near- and far-boundary flow response functions for the tight zone. The inclusion of unsteady crossflow requires one additional dimensionless parameter and results in a set of governing equations that are different from, but are similar to, the equations of the dual-porosity dual-permeability model with unsteady interporosity flow.

Wijesinghe, A.M.; Kececioglu, I.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Nanoscale transport of phonons: Dimensionality, subdiffusion, molecular damping, and interference effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine heat transport carried by acoustic phonons in the systems composed of nanoscale chains of masses coupled to two thermal baths of different temperatures. Thermal conductance is obtained by using linearized Landauer-type formula for heat flux with phonon transmission probability calculated within atomistic Green's functions (AGF) method. AGF formalism is extended onto dissipative chains of masses with harmonic coupling beyond nearest-neighbor approximation, while atomistic description of heat reservoirs is also included into computational scheme. In particular, the phonon lifetimes and the phonon frequency shifts are discussed for harmonic lattices of different dimensions. Further, resonant structure of phonon transmission spectrum is analyzed with respect to reservoir-induced effects, molecular damping, and mass-to-mass harmonic coupling. Analysis of transmission zeros (antiresonances) and their accompanied Fano-shape resonances are discussed as a result of interference effects between different vibrational modes. Finally, we also predict subdiffusive transport regime for low-frequency ballistic phonons propagated along a linear chain of harmonically coupled masses.

Walczak, Kamil; Yerkes, Kirk L. [Aerospace Systems Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

Sequence estimation in the presence of interference via the expectation-maximization algorithm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we developed a method for obtaining near-optimal sequence estimates in the presence of interference for direct sequence spread spectrum communication using the Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm. We assume binary phase shift...

Zhang, Quan G

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) optimized by exploiting optical interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this work is to study the interference between the coherent nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background and the Raman-resonant signal in the coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The nonresonant background is usually...

Wang, Xi

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

ATP-binding cassette transporters are required for efficient RNA interference in Caenorhabditis elegans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RNA interference (RNAi) is a conserved gene-silencing phenomenon that can be triggered by delivery of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) to cells and is a widely exploited technology in analyses of gene function. Although a number ...

Timmons, Lisa; Hull, Dawn; Han, Wang; Echalier, B.; Sundaram, P.

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Adaptive filtering to reduce global interference in evoked brain activity detection: a human subject case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following previous Monte Carlo simulations, we describe in detail an example of detecting evoked visual hemodynamic responses in a human subject as a preliminary demonstration of the novel global interference cancellation ...

Zhang, Quan

202

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

203

Three path interference using nuclear magnetic resonance: a test of the consistency of Born's rule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Born rule is at the foundation of quantum mechanics and transforms our classical way of understanding probabilities by predicting that interference occurs between pairs of independent paths of a single object. One consequence of the Born rule is that three way (or three paths) quantum interference does not exist. In order to test the consistency of the Born rule, we examine detection probabilities in three path intereference using an ensemble of spin-1/2 quantum registers in liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance (LSNMR). As a measure of the consistency, we evaluate the ratio of three way interference to two way interference. Our experiment bounded the ratio to the order of $10^{-3} \\pm 10^{-3}$, and hence it is consistent with Born's rule.

Daniel K. Park; Osama Moussa; Raymond Laflamme

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains beamforming for a multiple input single output (MISO) ad hoc network to increase the density of successful

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

Common-path interference and oscillatory Zener tunneling in bilayer graphene p-n junctions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference and tunneling are two signature quantum effects that are often perceived as the yin and yang of quantum mechanics: a particle simultaneously propagating along several distinct classical paths versus a particle ...

Nandkishore, Rahul Mahajan

206

RNA Interference-Based Approach to Combat Viral Infections: Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Group Prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. RNA interference (RNAi)-based therapeutics are promising alternatives to control viral infections. Lentiviral vector systems deliver artificial short hairpin RNA (shRNA) into the genome of cells to activate the RNAi pathway. In this study, an RNAi...

Ramirez Carvajal, Lisbeth

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

207

An Updated Procedure for Tare and Interference Wind Tunnel Testing of Strut-Mounted Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the presence of wind tunnel walls. The standard correction procedure adjusts for the presence of these boundaries using approximations based on linear potential flow theory. Separately,tare and interference removal involves the linear subtraction of mounting...

Kutz, Douglas M

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

208

Constitutive model effects on finite element modeling of elastomer behavior in radial interference seal configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTITUTIVE MODEL EFFECTS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF ELASTOMER BEHAVIOR IN RADIAL INTERFERENCE SEAL CONFIGURATIONS A Thesis by JASON R. JACKSON Subnutted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1996 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CONSTITUTIVE MODEL EFFECTS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF ELASTOMER BEHAVIOR IN RADIAL INTERFERENCE SEAL CONFIGURATIONS A Thesis by JASON R. JACKSON...

Jackson, Jason R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Interference effects of neutral MSSM Higgs bosons with a generalised narrow-width approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixing effects in the MSSM Higgs sector can give rise to a sizeable interference between the neutral Higgs bosons. On the other hand, factorising a more complicated process into production and decay parts by means of the narrow-width approximation (NWA) simplifies the calculation. The standard NWA, however, does not account for interference terms. Therefore, we introduce a generalisation of the NWA (gNWA) which allows for a consistent treatment of interference effects between nearly mass-degenerate particles. Furthermore, we apply the gNWA at the tree and 1-loop level to an example process where the neutral Higgs bosons $h$ and $H$ are produced in the decay of a heavy neutralino and subsequently decay into a fermion pair. The $h-H$ propagator mixing is found to agree well with the approximation of Breit-Wigner propagators times finite wave-function normalisation factors, both leading to a significant interference contribution. The factorisation of the interference term based on on-shell matrix elements reproduces the full interference result within a precision of better than 1% for the considered process. The gNWA also enables the inclusion of contributions beyond the 1-loop order into the most precise prediction.

Elina Fuchs

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

210

Anisotropic Energy Gaps of Iron-Based Superconductivity from Intraband Quasiparticle Interference in LiFeAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If strong electron-electron interactions between neighboring Fe atoms mediate the Cooper pairing in iron-pnictide superconductors, then specific and distinct anisotropic superconducting energy gaps {Delta}{sub i}(k) should appear on the different electronic bands i. Here, we introduce intraband Bogoliubov quasiparticle scattering interference (QPI) techniques for determination of {Delta}{sub i}(k) in such materials, focusing on lithium iron arsenide (LiFeAs). We identify the three hole-like bands assigned previously as {gamma}, {alpha}{sub 2}, and {alpha}{sub 1}, and we determine the anisotropy, magnitude, and relative orientations of their {Delta}{sub i}(k). These measurements will advance quantitative theoretical analysis of the mechanism of Cooper pairing in iron-based superconductivity.

Davis J. C.; Allan, M.P.; Rost, A.W.; Mackenzie, A.P.; Xie, Y.; Kihou, K.; Lee, C.H.; Iyo, A.; Eisaki, H.; Chuang, T.-M.

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

211

Scheme for directly observing the non-commutativity of the position and the momentum operators with interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although non-commutativity of a certain set of quantum operators (e.g., creation/annihilation operators and Pauli spin operators) has been shown experimentally in recent years, the commu- tation relation for the position and the momentum operators has not been directly demonstrated to date. In this paper, we propose and analyze an experimental scheme for directly observing the non-commutativity of the position and the momentum operators using single-photon quantum in- terference. While the scheme is studied for the single-photon state as the input quantum state, the analysis applies equally to matter-wave interference, allowing a direct test of the position-momentum commutation relation with a massive particle.

Jong-Chan Lee; Yong-Su Kim; Young-Sik Ra; Hyang-Tag Lim; Yoon-Ho Kim

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

212

K-BAND RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE SURVEY OF SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

antenna followed by the calibration switch, which alternates from the antenna to the warm load or the cold an overview of the RISE radiometer hardware, followed by a description of the execution of the RISE flight campaign in Section III. A discussion of the RISE measurements and analysis will follow in Section IV

Ruf, Christopher

213

Interference Avoidance in Optical CDMA Networks Purushotham Kamath  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Optical CDMA is a multiplexing technology that allows the utilization of the large transmission capacity to interfer- ence at high loads. It is based on two mechanisms: state estimation and transmission scheduling. Algorithms for state estimation and transmission scheduling are proposed and evaluated. Analysis

Touch, Joe

214

Analysis, Optimization, and Implementation of Low-Interference Wireless Multicarrier Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

25/389, A-1040 Vienna, Austria b BMW Group Research and Technology, D-80992 Munich, Germany c Institute of Biomathematics and Biometry, GSF--National Research Center for Environment and Health D-85764

Feichtinger, Hans Georg

215

Current facts on pacemaker electromagnetic interference and their application to clinical care  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of the sensing demand cardiac pacemaker brought with it the problem of interference as a result of extraneous electric current and electromagnetic fields. This problem still deserves consideration, not only because harmful disruption of pacemaker function, while infrequent, can occur but also because myths and misunderstandings have flourished on the subject. Misinformation has often led to needless patient anxiety and unnecessary restrictions in activities of daily living. Similarly, when health care practitioners are misinformed about pacemaker interference, potentially hazardous situations can occur in the clinical environment. This article is a review of current information on the sources and effects of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on pacemakers and includes a discussion of their application to patient care.

Sager, D.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Biophysical and Bioanalytical Analysis of the Iron-ome in Mitochondria Isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and bioanalytical approach to studying the Fe distribution in isolated mitochondria was developed. This procedure involved large-scale growths, the inclusion of a chelator in isolation buffers and an anaerobic isolation protocol. Electron microscopy confirmed... that mitochondrial membranes were intact and that samples were largely devoid of contaminants. The Fe-ome?the sum of all Fe species in mitochondria--was studied using a combination of EPR, M?ssbauer Spectroscopy, Electron Absorption, ICP-MS and Protein analysis...

Garber Morales, Jessica H.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

217

Interference of wedge-shaped protrusions on the faces of a Griffith crack in biaxial stress. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An initial investigation of the influence of protrusion interference on the fracture toughness required to prevent unstable propagation of a Griffith crack in a brittle material is described. The interference is caused by relative shear displacement of the crack faces when subjected to remote biaxial stress with neither principal stress parallel to the crack. It is shown that for room temperature cracks smaller than about one centimeter in silicon carbide, or about one millimeter in silicon nitride, the presence of interference changes the fracture stress. A mathematical model based on linear elasticity solutions and including multiple interference sites at arbitrarily specified positions on the crack is presented. Computations of the change in required fracture toughness and its dependence on wedge geometry (size and vertex angle), applied stresses (orientation and magnitude), and location of the interference site are discussed. Results indicate that a single interference site has only a slight effect on required toughness. However, the influence of interference increases monotonically with the number of interference sites. The two-dimensional model described herein is not accurate when the interference sites are closely spaced.

Boulet, J.A.M. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Quantum interference in exciton-Mn spin interactions in a CdTe semiconductor quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically and experimentally the existence of a new quantum interference(QI) effect between the electron-hole interactions and the scattering by a single Mn impurity. Theoretical model, including electron-valence hole correlations, the short and long range exchange interaction of Mn ion with the heavy hole and with electron and anisotropy of the quantum dot, is compared with photoluminescence spectroscopy of CdTe dots with single magnetic ions. We show how design of the electronic levels of a quantum dot enable the design of an exciton, control of the quantum interference and hence engineering of light-Mn interaction.

Trojnar, A; Kadantsev, E; Hawrylak, P; Goryca, M; Kazimierczuk, T; Kossacki, P; Wojnar, P; Potemski, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Quantum interference in exciton-Mn spin interactions in a CdTe semiconductor quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically and experimentally the existence of a new quantum interference(QI) effect between the electron-hole interactions and the scattering by a single Mn impurity. Theoretical model, including electron-valence hole correlations, the short and long range exchange interaction of Mn ion with the heavy hole and with electron and anisotropy of the quantum dot, is compared with photoluminescence spectroscopy of CdTe dots with single magnetic ions. We show how design of the electronic levels of a quantum dot enable the design of an exciton, control of the quantum interference and hence engineering of light-Mn interaction.

A. Trojnar; M. Korkusinski; E. Kadantsev; P. Hawrylak; M. Goryca; T. Kazimierczuk; P. Kossacki; P. Wojnar; M. Potemski

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

220

Interference pattern of Bose-condensed gas in a 2D optical lattice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For the Bose-condensed gas confined in a magnetic trap and in a two-dimensional optical lattice, the non-uniform distribution of atoms in different lattice sites is considered based on Gross-Pitaevskii equation. A propagator method is used to investigate the time evolution of 2D interference patterns after (i)only the optical lattice is swithed off, and (ii)both the optical lattice and the magnetic trap are swithed off. An analytical description on the motion of side peaks in the interference patterns is presented by using the density distribution in a momentum space.

Shujuan Liu; Hongwei Xiong; Zhijun Xu; Guoxiang Huang

2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Two-photon interference with continuous-wave multi-mode coherent light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report two-photon interference with continuous-wave multi-mode coherent light. We show that the two-photon interference, in terms of the detection time difference, reveals two-photon beating fringes with the visibility $V = 0.5$. While scanning the optical delay of the interferometer, Hong-Ou-Mandel dips or peaks are measured depending on the chosen detection time difference. The HOM dips/peaks are repeated when the optical delay and the first-order coherence revival period of the multi-mode coherent light are the same.

Yong-Su Kim; Oliver Slattery; Paulina S. Kuo; Xiao Tang

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

222

ICP, January 2005ICP, January 2005 NetworksofSexualInteractions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of allMore than 60% of all contacts reported bycontacts reported by men are unaccounted for!men are unaccounted for! Sam ple bias?Sam ple bias? 60% m en with wom en under 1860% m en with wom en under 18 Each

Harting, Jens

223

An examination of interference in waste solidification through measurement of heat signature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydration of cementing materials is accompanied by heat evolution which is closely related to their structure development. The presence of wastes usually interferes with the hydration of cementing materials. This study examined their interference in waste stabilization/solidification processes through the measurement of adiabatic heat evolution using a computerized Quadrel{trademark} system. Two cementitious materials, an alkali-activated blast furnace slag binder and an ASTM Type 1 Portland cement were used to solidify an electric arc furnace (EAF) dust, which has high concentrations of B, Cr, Hg, Pb, Ni and Zn. The EAF dust contents were 0, 30 and 60% by mass. Different mixing conditions were also examined. The interference of EAF dust with the hydration of cementing materials was described using several parameters derived from the heat evolution curves: equivalent initial time of setting (equivalent time at 20 C); total heat evolution at initial time of setting; equivalent final time of setting, total heat evolution at final time of setting and total heat evolution at equivalent time of 28 and 90 days. Experimental results indicated that the Quadrel{trademark} system was a useful tool to examine the interference in waste stabilization/solidification and to assist with the selection of cementing materials.

Shi, C.; Stegemann, J.; Caldwell, R. [Water Technology International Corp., Burlington, Ontario (Canada)] [Water Technology International Corp., Burlington, Ontario (Canada)

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Secretes Compounds That Mimic Bacterial Signals and Interfere with Quorum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Secretes Compounds That Mimic Bacterial Signals and Interfere with Quorum reinhardtii was found to secrete substances that mimic the activity of the N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone (AHL's own AHL signals, providing evidence that the algal mimic affected quorum sensing-regulated functions

Meier, Iris

225

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near of simple shape bodies have provided valuable information related to physics of hypersonic flows about

Riabov, Vladimir V.

226

Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy Elimination of Zero-Quantum Interference in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sample is large enough, the net result will be cancelation of the zero-quantum coherence. A simpleTwo-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy Elimination of Zero-Quantum Interference in Two-Dimensional NMR and homonuclear zero-quantum coherence, which is invariably present. The zero-quantum coherence gives rise to anti

Keeler, James

227

Interference of a short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide with allergic airways responses to allergenic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference of a short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide with allergic airways responses, 4 (2002) 251-260" DOI : 10.1080/096293502900000113 #12;Abstract Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a common and may depend to concentration of pollutant. Keywords: Mouse model of asthma; nitrogen dioxide; air

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

228

Aggregation Modulators Interfere with Membrane Interactions of b2-Microglobulin Fibrils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aggregation Modulators Interfere with Membrane Interactions of b2-Microglobulin Fibrils Tania of the impact of fibrillation modulators upon membrane interactions of b2-microglobulin (b2m) fibrils ABSTRACT Amyloid fibril accumulation is a pathological hallmark of several devastating disorders, including

Jelinek, Raz

229

Posting type Advisory Subject S interference in XRF determination of Si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Posting type Advisory Subject S interference in XRF determination of Si Module/Species A/ Si Sites information The primary XRF peak for sulfur has a shoulder that overlaps the primary XRF peak for silicon. XRF spectra for two samples with differing S/Si ratios. Accurate determination of Si is difficult when

Fischer, Emily V.

230

Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control Underlie the Relationship Between Fluid Intelligence and Working Memory Span  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neural Mechanisms of Interference Control Underlie the Relationship Between Fluid Intelligence Andrew R. A. Conway Princeton University Todd S. Braver Washington University in St. Louis Fluid studies show that much of the variance in gF and WM span is shared, suggesting common neural mechanisms

231

Electric Fields and Interference Effects inside Noncentrosymmetric Multilayer Films at Electrode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Fields and Interference Effects inside Noncentrosymmetric Multilayer Films at Electrode, Wisconsin 53706 The electric field profile inside a self-assembled noncen- trosymmetric zirconium n to changes in the electric field strength (E) inside the film. The noncentrosymmetric ZP films

232

Intraspecific interference in forage crops. Biolo-gical density and its implication in the predic-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Italy SUMMARY From a series of experiments on intraspecific interference in such forage crops as lucerne inter- ference in such forage crops as lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) (ROTIL1, 1975, 1979 ; ROTILI plant, as well as for a population of plants, the optimal growing conditions correspond to biological

Boyer, Edmond

233

Novel Atomic Coherence and Interference Effects in Quantum Optics and Atomic Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is well known that the optical properties of multi-level atomic and molecular system can be controlled and manipulated efficiently using quantum coherence and interference, which has led to many new effects in quantum optics for e.g. lasing...

Jha, Pankaj

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

234

Superconducting quantum interference device as a near-quantum-limited amplifier at 0.5 GHz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconducting quantum interference device as a near-quantum-limited amplifier at 0.5 GHz Michael 94720 Received 10 October 2000; accepted for publication 14 December 2000 A dc superconducting quantum, for example, superconducting transition-edge sensors for infrared, optical, and ultraviolet wavelengths,2

Le Roy, Robert J.

235

Turbo-BLAST with Semi-Blind Co-Channel Interference Cancellation in Multicell MIMO Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Turbo-BLAST with Semi-Blind Co-Channel Interference Cancellation in Multicell MIMO Systems Vivek to obtain in practice. In this paper we first exploit the turbo principle to enhance an effective blind detection method based on multiuser kurtosis (MUK) maximization, thus coined as turbo-MUK. In turbo

Dai, Huaiyu

236

Water Power Technologies The most widespread environmental constraints to the development of hydropower are interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the development of hydropower are interference with fish passage, provision of adequate environmental flows to address these issues and to help ensure environmentally sound hydropower development in the following through hydropower turbines, remains a serious problem at many sites. The fish passage task focuses

237

Using Multiple Beams to Distinguish Radio Frequency Interference from SETI Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Multiple Beams to Distinguish Radio Frequency Interference from SETI Signals G. R. Harp Allen for extra-terrestrial intelligence) observations. It is a multi-beam instrument, with 16 independently steerable dual- polarization beams at 4 different tunings. Given 4 beams at one tuning, it is possible

Ellingson, Steven W.

238

NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS M. Rossi, A. M- imization [1] or SINR balancing for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) BC [2], and thus solvable, MISO BC and IC WSRM with general convex power constraint. The proposed BB approach is based

Simeone, Osvaldo

239

COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR Randa Zakhour and David Gesbert  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR FRAMEWORK Randa Zakhour antenna users, this corresponds to the so-called MISO IC considered among oth- ers in [1, 2). Assuming each transmitter has multiple antennas and each receiver a single antenna, the setting is the MISO

Gesbert, David

240

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia , Andrea J. Goldsmith case of a MISO chan- nel is considered, where exact expressions for the ergodic capac- ity of the capacity of a MISO broadcast channel with a random beamformer is derived. However, the impact

Gesbert, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework Randa Zakhour David;Outline Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Virtual SINR

Gesbert, David

242

Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality Francesco Negro.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--SINR duality is shown in a multi-input single- output (MISO) downlink for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

Gesbert, David

243

An Auction Framework for Spectrum Allocation with Interference Constraint in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Auction Framework for Spectrum Allocation with Interference Constraint in Cognitive Radio for cognitive radio networks to allow unlicensed secondary users (SUs) to share the available spectrum problem of designing efficient spectrum allocation mechanism for cogni- tive radio networks. We consider

Coupechoux, Marceau

244

Spectrum auction with interference constraint for cognitive radio networks with multiple primary and secondary users  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectrum auction with interference constraint for cognitive radio networks with multiple primary shown the benefits of cognitive radio technologies to improve the flexibility and efficiency of spectrum (SUs) to share the available spectrum of licensed primary users (PUs) fairly and efficiently, subject

Coupechoux, Marceau

245

ICP-MS (Quadrupole) | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

371-6375 wietsma@pnnl.gov Publications Deposition of Platinum Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes by Supercritical Fluid Method. Carbon nanotube-supported platinum nanoparticles with...

246

Documents Related to the ICP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesDataTranslocationDiurnal Cycle ofDo New55SubmissionNEWSvN4CLEANUP

247

Electromagnetic analysis of nanostructure dispersion in polymer matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. R. , “Enhanced electromagnetic interference shielding40] Chung D. D. L. “Electromagnetic Interference Shieldingreinforcement, electromagnetic interference shielding, etc.

Pfeifer, Steven Charles; Pfeifer, Steven Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION OF INDUCTANCE IN CLOCK DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Systems and Electromagnetic Interference. John Wiley & Sons,A.1 On-chip Electromagnetic Interference EMI generated by

Hu, Xuchu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Hydraulic interference testbetween several doublets in the Dogger aquifer in Ile-de-France region (Val-de-Marne)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydraulic interference testbetween several doublets in the Dogger aquifer in Ile-de-France region of the "thermal breakthrough".One uncertainty of these models is the hydraulic interference between the different of the hydraulic test whichwas carried out in September 2013.The test included 5 geothermal doublets (Cachan 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

250

3484 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 12, NO. 7, JULY 2013 Joint Back-Pressure Power Control and Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gopalakrishnan and Nicholas D. Sidiropoulos, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Back-Pressure Power Control (BPPC) is a cross control and interference cancellation are tightly coupled. This leads to a joint Back- Pressure Power, back- pressure, power control, interference cancellation, NP-hard, con- vex approximation. I

Sidiropoulos, Nikolaos D.

251

The Role of Test Expectancy in the Build-Up of Proactive Interference in Long-Term Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Role of Test Expectancy in the Build-Up of Proactive Interference in Long-Term Memory Yana the hypothesis that interpolated testing in a multiple list paradigm protects against proactive interference by sustaining test expectancy during encoding. In both experiments, recall on the last of 5 word lists

Szpunar, Karl K.

252

Observation of interference between two Bose condensates The spatial coherence of a Bose condensate was demonstrated by observing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observation of interference between two Bose condensates The spatial coherence of a Bose condensate was demonstrated by observing interference between two Bose condensates [1]. They were created by cooling atoms the condensates expand for 40 milliseconds and overlap (see figure). This demonstrates that Bose condensed atoms

253

THz generation from InN films due to destructive interference between optical rectification and photocurrent surge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THz generation from InN films due to destructive interference between optical rectification.1088/0268-1242/25/1/015004 THz generation from InN films due to destructive interference between optical rectification investigated the characteristics of THz generation including the dependence of the output power

Gilchrist, James F.

254

Exploring the in vitro formation of trimethylarsine sulfide from dimethylthioarsinic acid in anaerobic microflora of mouse cecum using HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although metabolism of arsenicals to form methylated oxoarsenical species has been extensively studied, less is known about the formation of thiolated arsenical species that have recently been detected as urinary metabolites. Indeed, their presence suggests that the metabolism of ingested arsenic is more complex than previously thought. Recent reports have shown that thiolated arsenicals can be produced by the anaerobic microflora of the mouse cecum, suggesting that metabolism prior to systemic absorption may be a significant determinant of the pattern and extent of exposure to various arsenic-containing species. Here, we examined the metabolism of {sup 34}S labeled dimethylthioarsinic acid ({sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V}) by the anaerobic microflora of the mouse cecum using HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS to monitor for the presence of various oxo- and thioarsenicals. The use of isotopically enriched {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} made it possible to differentiate among potential metabolic pathways for production of the trimethylarsine sulfide (TMAS{sup V}). Upon in vitro incubation in an assay containing anaerobic microflora of mouse cecum, {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} underwent several transformations. Labile {sup 34}S was exchanged with more abundant {sup 32}S to produce {sup 32}S-DMTA{sup V}, a thiol group was added to yield DMDTA{sup V}, and a methyl group was added to yield {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V}. Because incubation of {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} resulted in the formation of {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V}, the pathway for its formation must preserve the arsenic-sulfur bond. The alternative metabolic pathway postulated for formation of TMAS{sup V} from dimethylarsinic acid (DMA{sup V}) would proceed via a dimethylarsinous acid (DMA{sup III}) intermediate and would necessitate the loss of {sup 34}S label. Structural confirmation of the metabolic product was achieved using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. The data presented support the direct methylation of DMTA{sup V} to TMAS{sup V}. Additionally, the detection of isotopically pure {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V} raises questions about the sulfur exchange properties of TMAS{sup V} in the cecum material. Therefore, {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V} was incubated and the exchange was monitored with respect to time. The data suggest that the As-S bond associated with TMAS{sup V} is less labile than the As-S bond associated with DMTA{sup V}.

Kubachka, Kevin M. [US EPA, ORD, NERL, Microbiological and Chemical Exposure, Assessment Research Division, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States); Kohan, Michael C. [US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Herbin-Davis, Karen [US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, Experimental Toxicology Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Creed, John T. [US EPA, ORD, NERL, Microbiological and Chemical Exposure, Assessment Research Division, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States)], E-mail: creed.jack@epa.gov; Thomas, David J. [US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, Experimental Toxicology Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Comparative analysis of methods for determination of arsenic in coal and coal ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the comparative analysis of different methods for the preparation and analysis of arsenic content in coal and coal ash have been presented. The suggested method is coal digestion method, i.e., coal ash digestion using the mixture of acids: nitric and sulphuric in presence of vanadium-pentoxide as catalyzer. The comparative analysis of different recording techniques (AAS-GH, AAS-GF and ICP-AES) has also been presented. For arsenic recording the suggested technique is AAS-GF technique. The obtained results show that the method of high precision, high sensitivity and high reproductivity has been obtained.

Vukasinovic-Pesic, V.L.; Blagojevic, N.Z.; Rajakovic, L.V. [University of Montenegro, Podgorica (Montenegro)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

LPM Interference and Cherenkov-like Gluon Bremsstrahlung in DenseMatter  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gluon bremsstrahlung induced by multiple parton scattering in a finite dense medium has a unique angular distribution with respect to the initial parton direction. A dead-cone structure with an opening angle; theta2{sub 0}; approx 2(1-z)/(zLE) for gluons with fractional energy z arises from the Landau-Pomeran chuck-Migdal (LPM) interference. In a medium where the gluon's dielectric constant is; epsilon>1, the LPM interference pattern is shown to become Cherenkov-like with an increased opening angle determined by the dielectric constant$/cos2/theta{sub c}=z+(1-z)//epsilon$. For a large dielectric constant/epsilon; gg 1+2/z2LE, the corresponding total radiative parton energy loss is about twice that from normal gluon bremsstrahlung. Implications of this Cherenkov-like gluon bremsstrahlung to the jet correlation pattern in high-energy heavy-ion collisions is discussed.

Majumder, Abhijit; Wang, Xin-Nian

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

257

Quantum-interference-initiated superradiant and subradiant emission from entangled atoms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculate the radiative characteristics of emission from a system of entangled atoms which can have a relative distance larger than the emission wavelength. We develop a quantum multipath interference approach which explains both super- and subradiance though the entangled states have zero dipole moment. We derive a formula for the radiated intensity in terms of different interfering pathways. We further show how the interferences lead to directional emission from atoms prepared in symmetric W states. As a byproduct of our work we show how Dicke's classic result can be understood in terms of interfering pathways. In contrast to the previous works on ensembles of atoms, we focus on finite numbers of atoms prepared in well characterized states.

Wiegner, R. [Institut fuer Optik, Information und Photonik, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany); Zanthier, J. von [Institut fuer Optik, Information und Photonik, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany); Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT), Friedrich-Alexander Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany); Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Sum-Rate Optimal Power Policies for Energy Harvesting Transmitters in an Interference Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers a two-user Gaussian interference channel with energy harvesting transmitters. Different than conventional battery powered wireless nodes, energy harvesting transmitters have to adapt transmission to availability of energy at a particular instant. In this setting, the optimal power allocation problem to maximize sum throughput within a given deadline is formulated. The convergence of the proposed iterative coordinate descent method for the problem is proved and the short-term throughput maximizing offline power allocation policy is found. Examples for interference regions with known sum capacities are given with directional water-filling interpretations when possible. Next, stochastic data arrivals are addressed. Finally online and/or distributed near-optimal policies are proposed. Performance of the proposed algorithms are demonstrated through simulations.

Tutuncuoglu, Kaya

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Outage Rate Regions for the MISO Interference Channel: Definitions and Interpretations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the slow-fading two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel (IC), where the receivers treat the interference as additive Gaussian noise. We study the rate points that can be achieved, allowing a non-zero outage probability. The points which meet the outage probability specification constitute a so-called outage rate region. There exist several definitions of the outage rate regions for the IC, as for the broadcast and the multiple-access channels. We give four definitions for the outage region of the MISO IC. The definitions differ on whether the rates are declared in outage jointly or individually and whether there is instantaneous or statistical channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. For the statistical CSI scenario, we discuss how to find the outage probabilities in closed form. We provide interpretations of the definitions and compare the corresponding regions via analytical and numerical results.

Lindblom, Johannes; Larsson, Erik G

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Non-Convex Utility Maximization in Gaussian MISO Broadcast and Interference Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utility (e.g., sum-rate) maximization for multiantenna broadcast and interference channels (with one antenna at the receivers) is known to be in general a non-convex problem, if one limits the scope to linear (beamforming) strategies at transmitter and receivers. In this paper, it is shown that, under some standard assumptions, most notably that the utility function is decreasing with the interference levels at the receivers, a global optimal solution can be found with reduced complexity via a suitably designed Branch-and-Bound method. Although infeasible for real-time implementation, this procedure enables a non-heuristic and systematic assessment of suboptimal techniques. A suboptimal strategy is then proposed that, when applied to sum-rate maximization, reduces to the well-known distributed pricing techniques. Finally, numerical results are provided that compare global optimal solutions with suboptimal (pricing) techniques for sum-rate maximization problems, leading to insight into issues such as the robus...

Rossi, M; Simeone, O; Haimovich, A M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

An EM Interference-Aware Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks in Clinical Environments Gowdemy Rajalingham, Thanh-Ngon Tran, Quang-Dung Ho, and Tho Le-Ngoc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protocol that attempts to reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI) introduced., "Electromagnetic Interference aware Adaptive Routing for Wireless Communication Networks in electromagnetic- interference-sensitive medical environments," Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di

Barthelat, Francois

262

Interference and k-point sampling in the supercell approach to phase-coherent transport K. S. Thygesen and K. W. Jacobsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tight-binding model to show that interference be- tween the repeated images is a small effect compared the re- peated images. As the transverse dimensions of the supercell are increased the interference of k-point sam- pling and interference on the transmission function by means of two examples. The first

Thygesen, Kristian

263

Submicron carbon filament cement-matrix composites for electromagnetic interference shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon filaments of diameter 0.1 mm were found to be a much more effective additive than conventional carbon fibers of diameter 10 mm in providing cement pastes capable of electromagnetic interference shielding. With 0.54 vol. % filaments and a shield thickness of 4 mm, a shielding effectiveness of 30 dB was attained at 1--2 GHz. However, the filaments were less effective than the fibers for reinforcing and for providing strain sensing cement-matrix composites.

Fu, X.; Chung, D.D.L. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Composite Materials Research Lab.] [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Composite Materials Research Lab.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

IFT&E Industry Report Wind Turbine-Radar Interference Test Summary.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines have grown in size and capacity with today's average turbine having a power capacity of around 1.9 MW, reaching to heights of over 495 feet from ground to blade tip, and operating with speeds at the tip of the blade up to 200 knots. When these machines are installed within the line-of-sight of a radar system, they can cause significant clutter and interference, detrimentally impacting the primary surveillance radar (PSR) performance. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratory (MIT LL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) were co-funded to conduct field tests and evaluations over two years in order to: I. Characterize the impact of wind turbines on existing Program-of-Record (POR) air surveillance radars; II. Assess near-term technologies proposed by industry that have the potential to mitigate the interference from wind turbines on radar systems; and III. Collect data and increase technical understanding of interference issues to advance development of long-term mitigation strategies. MIT LL and SNL managed the tests and evaluated resulting data from three flight campaigns to test eight mitigation technologies on terminal (short) and long-range (60 nmi and 250 nmi) radar systems. Combined across the three flight campaigns, more than 460 of hours of flight time were logged. This paper summarizes the Interagency Field Test & Evaluation (IFT&E) program and publicly- available results from the tests. It will also discuss the current wind turbine-radar interference evaluation process within the government and a proposed process to deploy mitigation technologies.

Karlson, Benjamin; LeBlanc, Bruce Philip; Minster, David G; Estill, Milford; Miller, Bryan Edward; Busse, Franz (MIT LL); Keck, Chris (MIT LL); Sullivan, Jonathan (MIT LL); Brigada, David (MIT LL); Parker, Lorri (MIT LL); Younger, Richard (MIT LL); Biddle, Jason (MIT LL)

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Possible Role of Interference and Sink Effects in Nonphotochemical Quenching in Photosynthetic Complexes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a simple and consistent quantum mathematical model that simulates the possible role of quantum interference and sink effects in the nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) in light-harvesting complexes (LHCs). Our model consists of a network of five interconnected sites (excitonic states) responsible for the NPQ mechanism: (i) Two excited states of chlorophyll molecules, $ChlA^*$ and $ChlB^*$, forming an LHC dimer, which is initially populated; (ii) A "damaging" site which is responsible for production of singlet oxygen and other destructive outcomes; (iii) The $(ChlA-Zea)^*$ heterodimer excited state (Zea indicates zeaxanthin); and (iv) The charge transfer state of this heterodimer, $(ChlA^{-}-Zea^{+})^*$. In our model, both damaging and charge transfer states are described by discrete electron energy levels attached to their sinks, that mimic the continuum part of electron energy spectrum, as at these sites the electron participates in quasi-irreversible chemical reactions. All five excitonic sites interact with the protein environment that is modeled using a stochastic approach. As an example, we apply our model to demonstrate possible contributions of quantum interference and sink effects in the NPQ mechanism in the CP29 minor LHC. Our numerical results on the quantum dynamics of the reduced density matrix, demonstrate a possible way to significantly suppress, under some conditions, the damaging channel using quantum interference effects and sinks. The results demonstrate the possible role of interference and sink effects for modeling, engineering, and optimizing the performance of the NPQ processes in both natural and artificial light-harvesting complexes.

Gennady P. Berman; Alexander I. Nesterov; Shmuel Gurvitz; Richard T. Sayre

2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

266

Form factor in K+ --> pi+ pi0 gamma: interference versus direct emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the effect of a form factor in the magnetic contribution to K+ --> pi+ pi0 gamma. We emphasize how this can show up experimentally: in particular we try to explore the difference between a possible interference contribution and a form factor in the magnetic part. The form factor used for K+ --> pi+ pi0 gamma is analogous to the one for KL --> pi+ pi- gamma, experimentally well established.

Luigi Cappiello; Giancarlo D'Ambrosio

2007-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

267

Availabilty of corona cage for predicting radio interference generated from HVDC transmission line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a prospect that a corona cage is available for predicting radio interference (RI) generated from HVDC transmission lines. This is based on the assumption that the generation quantity of RI is determined by Fmax (the true maximum conductor surface gradient in the presence of space charge), regardless of surrounding electrode arrangement. This assumption has been verified by tests using corona cages and a test line.

Nakano, Y.; Sunaga, Y. (Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Large scale two-dimensional arrays of magnesium diboride superconducting quantum interference devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic field sensors based on two-dimensional arrays of superconducting quantum interference devices were constructed from magnesium diboride thin films. Each array contained over 30?000 Josephson junctions fabricated by ion damage of 30?nm weak links through an implant mask defined by nano-lithography. Current-biased devices exhibited very large voltage modulation as a function of magnetic field, with amplitudes as high as 8?mV.

Cybart, Shane A., E-mail: scybart@ucsd.edu; Dynes, R. C. [Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Wong, T. J.; Cho, E. Y. [Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Beeman, J. W. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Yung, C. S.; Moeckly, B. H. [Superconductor Technologies Inc., Santa Barbara, California 93111 (United States)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

269

Evidence for interference effects in both slow and fast electron emission from D{sub 2} by energetic electron impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interference patterns due to the coherent electron emission from the atomic centers of a D{sub 2} molecule by fast electron impact are experimentally observed in doubly differential cross sections. This behavior is supported by theoretical predictions. Measurements are given for the impact of 2.4 keV electrons. The emitted electrons are detected in the energy range from 2 to 2000 eV, at observation angles between 30 deg. and 130 deg. In addition to the interference phenomenon in electron emission following soft collisions, it is shown that interference effects appear for ejected electron energies corresponding to the binary-encounter mechanism.

Kamalou, O.; Chesnel, J.-Y.; Martina, D.; Fremont, F. [Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche Ions Lasers, Unite Mixte CEA-CNRS-EnsiCaen-Universite de Caen Basse Normandie, 6 Boulevard du Mal Juin, F-14050, Caen Cedex 4 (France); Hanssen, J. [Institut de Physique, Laboratoire de Physique Moleculaire et des Collisions, Universite de Metz, Technopo circumflex le 2000, 1 Boulevard Arago, 57078 Metz Cedex 3 (France); Stia, C.R. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Aenidav. Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Fojon, O.A.; Rivarola, R.D. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Aenidav. Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario (Argentina)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

On the Optimality of Beamforming for Multi-User MISO Interference Channels with Single-User Detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a multi-user interference channel with multi-antenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers, by restricting each receiver to a single-user detector, computing the largest achievable rate region amounts to solving a family of non-convex optimization problems. Recognizing the intrinsic connection between the signal power at the intended receiver and the interference power at the unintended receiver, the original family of non-convex optimization problems is converted into a new family of convex optimization problems. It is shown that, for such interference channels with each receiver implementing single-user detection, transmitter beamforming can achieve all boundary points of the achievable rate region.

Shang, Xiaohu; Poor, H Vincent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Interference of small and of large quantum particles behind an asymmetric grating  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum theory of interference phenomena does not take the diameter of the particle into account, since particles were much smaller than the width of the slits before the rise of molecular interferometry. In the experiments with large molecules, the diameter of the particle has approached the width of the slits. Therefore, an analytical description of these cases should include a finite particle size. An asymmetric double-slit grating seems to be very suitable for the study of the influence of a particle's size on the interference pattern. We identify three characteristic cases for the ratio of slit widths {delta}{sub 1} and {delta}{sub 2} and the particle diameter D: D{delta}{sub 1} and D{delta}{sub 2}, {delta}{sub 1}>D>{delta}{sub 2}, and D>{delta}{sub 1}>{delta}{sub 2}. Taking into account the influence of both slits on the particle wave function, regardless of through which slit the particle passed, we treat the particle-wall interaction in a simple fashion, such that if the particle size is greater than the slit opening there is no transmission. The transverse momentum distribution is independent of the distance from the slits and the particle size, while the space distribution strongly depends on this distance and the particle size. We found that the interference is absent only when the particle's diameter is larger than both slit widths, D>{delta}{sub 1}>{delta}{sub 2}.

Bozic, Mirjana; Arsenovic, Dusan [Institute of Physics, P.O. Box 57, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro); Vuskovic, Leposava [Old Dominion University, Department of Physics, 4600 Elkhorn Avenue, Norfolk, Virginia 23529 (United States)

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Technical basis for acceptance criteria on the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for establishing acceptance criteria on the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference (EMI). The effort is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed with the application of digital instrumentation and controls systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic voltage levels, thereby leading to the risk of susceptibility when spurious interference is misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant`s electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Then, a test and evaluation program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate test limits to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. Test and evaluation should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related problems associated with EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (US). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

No Interference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andDataNationalNewport NewsWayne Hurlbert!M-22UJeffersonLaboratory

274

Floquet formulation for the investigation of multiphoton quantum interference in a superconducting qubit driven by a strong ac field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a Floquet treatment of multiphoton quantum interference in a strongly driven superconducting flux qubit. The periodically time-dependent Schrödinger equation can be reduced to an equivalent time-independent infinite-dimensional Floquet...

Son, Sang-Kil; Han, Siyuan; Chu, Shih-I

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

275

Self-pollen interference is absent in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum, Brassicaceae), a species with sporophytic self-incompatibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plants with a self-incompatibility system. We investigated the effect of self-pollen interference for wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum, which has sporophytic self-incompatibility. We performed pollinations and determined seed set for plants grown...

Koelling, Vanessa A.

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

276

2D and 3D periodic templates through holographic interference lithography : photonic and phononic crystals and biomimetic microlens arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis a simple technique for controlling structure via holographic interference lithography was established and implemented. Access to various space groups including such important structures as the level set ...

Ullal, Chaitanya K. (Chaitanya Kishore)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

hal-00133055,version1-29Mar2007 Nuclear spin interferences in bulk water at room temperature.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hal-00133055,version1-29Mar2007 Nuclear spin interferences in bulk water at room temperature. J in NMR pacs 03.67.-a: Quantum information pacs 67.57.Lm: Spin dynamics Abstract Nuclear spin interference in a static mag- netic field B0 4.7 T. For a homogeneity of B0 of the order of B0/B0 = 2 · 10-8 , the nuclear

Boyer, Edmond

278

Fluidic Microvalve Digital Processors for Automated Biochemical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are immune to electromagnetic interference. 2.2 Introductionor pulsed electromagnetic interference. 84 Such computing

Jensen, Erik Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Standard practice for the determination of 237Np, 232Th, 235U and 238U in urine by inductively coupled plasma-Mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and gamma ray spectrometry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This practice covers the separation and preconcentration of neptunium-237 (237Np), thorium-232 (232Th), uranium-235 (235U) and uranium-238 (238U) from urine followed by quantitation using ICP-MS. 1.2 This practice can be used to support routine bioassay programs. The minimum detectable concentrations (MDC) for this method, taking the preconcentration factor into account, are approximately 1E-2Bq for 237Np (0.38ng), 2E-6Bq for 232Th (0.50ng), 4E-5Bq for 235U (0.50ng) and 6E-6Bq for 238U (0.48ng). 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Quantum-ring spin interference device tuned by quantum point contacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce a spin-interference device that comprises a quantum ring (QR) with three embedded quantum point contacts (QPCs) and study theoretically its spin transport properties in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction. Two of the QPCs conform the lead-to-ring junctions while a third one is placed symmetrically in the upper arm of the QR. Using an appropriate scattering model for the QPCs and the S-matrix scattering approach, we analyze the role of the QPCs on the Aharonov-Bohm (AB) and Aharonov-Casher (AC) conductance oscillations of the QR-device. Exact formulas are obtained for the spin-resolved conductances of the QR-device as a function of the confinement of the QPCs and the AB/AC phases. Conditions for the appearance of resonances and anti-resonances in the spin-conductance are derived and discussed. We predict very distinctive variations of the QR-conductance oscillations not seen in previous QR proposals. In particular, we find that the interference pattern in the QR can be manipulated to a large extend by varying electrically the lead-to-ring topological parameters. The latter can be used to modulate the AB and AC phases by applying gate voltage only. We have shown also that the conductance oscillations exhibits a crossover to well-defined resonances as the lateral QPC confinement strength is increased, mapping the eigenenergies of the QR. In addition, unique features of the conductance arise by varying the aperture of the upper-arm QPC and the Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Our results may be of relevance for promising spin-orbitronics devices based on quantum interference mechanisms.

Diago-Cisneros, Leo [Facultad de Física, Universidad de La Habana, C.P.10400, La Habana (Cuba); Mireles, Francisco [Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, C.P. 22800 Ensenada, Baja California, México (Mexico)

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

Interference Peak in the Spectrum of Bremsstrahlung on Two Amorphous Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the interference pattern in the spectrum of non-dipole bremsstrahlung on two amorphous foils. Apart from suppression at lowest $\\omega$, the spectrum exhibits an enhancement adjacent to it. In classical electrodynamics, the net effect of suppression and enhancement proves to be zero. We study the location and the origin of the spectral features, comparing predictions of full Moli\\`ere averaging with those of the Gaussian averaging with Coulomb corrections to the rms multiple scattering angle. Comparison with experimental data, and with previous theoretical predictions is presented.

M. V. Bondarenco; N. F. Shul'ga

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

282

Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing of Power Plant Equipment: Revision 3 to TR-102323  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. One issue that has been problematic for new plant equipment and especially for digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in recent years is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). The EMC issue usually involves testing to show that critical equipment will not be adversely affected by electromagnetic interference (EMI) in the plant environment. This guide will help nuclear plant engineers address EMC issues and qualification testing in a consistent, comprehensive manner.

J. Cunningham and J. Shank

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

First measurement of interference fragmentation on a transversely polarized hydrogen target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The HERMES experiment has measured for the first time single target-spin asymmetries in semi-inclusive two-pion production using a transversely polarized hydrogen target. These asymmetries are related to the product of two unknowns, the transversity distribution function and the interference fragmentation function. In the invariant mass range 0.51 GeV < M_inv < 0.97 GeV the measured asymmetry deviates significantly from zero, indicating that two-pion semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering can be used to probe transversity.

P. B. van der Nat; for the HERMES collaboration

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

284

Quantum Interference as a Process of Accumulation of Single-Particle Arrivals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-particle interference experiments brought new arguments supporting objective reality of matter and photon waves, compatibility of particle and wave properties of quantons, the evidence of existence of particles trajectories during the accumulation of an interference pattern, and the necessity of completing quantum mechanics by the description of single events. By integrating the probability density of transverse momenta multiplied by the probability density of particle distribution at the slits over all transverse momenta and over all slit points, we have derived the expression for the probability density for the particle's arrival at time t to a point behind a grating. The agreement with usual probability density given by the modulus square of the wave function in coordinate representation is very good in the far field. In the near field the agreement is poor. This was demonstrated previously for gratings with a small number of slits, and is demonstrated in our paper for a many-slits grating, where the Talbot Laue effect exists. Further study of the form of particles' trajectories in the near field is necessary. In addition to obtaining agreement with the distribution after many events have been accumulated in the far field, with this approach one might also obtain a distribution of a smaller number of events. For that we do not integrate over all momenta and slit points at the grating, but over randomly chosen ones.

Bozic, Mirjana; Arsenovic, Dusan [Institute of Physics, Belgrade (Serbia and Montenegro)

2005-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

285

Nuclear interference in dissociating of HD{sup +} in ultrashort laser fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dissociation dynamics of HD{sup +} molecules is studied theoretically by numerically solving the time-dependent Schroedinger equation in which the molecular vibrational and rotational degrees of freedom are included. Based on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, the ground 1s{sigma}{sub g} state and the excited 2p{sigma}{sub u} state are taken into account, corresponding to two dissociative channels HD{sup +}{yields}D + H{sup +} and HD{sup +}{yields}H + D{sup +}, respectively. Two dissociative nuclear wave packets overlap and interfere after excited by two ultrashort laser pulses. The interference patterns can be controlled by varying the laser parameters and the dissociation probabilities are demonstrated for different laser fields. The kinetic energy-dependent distributions of the fragments are calculated using an asymptotic-flow expression in the momentum space. The branching ratio D{sup +}/(H{sup +} + D{sup +}), as a function of the delay time and the relative phase between two laser pulses, is also discussed.

Yang Di [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Cong Shulin [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Susceptibility of digital instrumentation and control systems to disruption by electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for disruption of safety-related digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems by electromagnetic interference/radio-frequency interference (EMI/RFI) bears directly on the safe operation of advanced reactors. It is anticipated that the use of digital I&C equipment for safety and control functions will be substantially greater for advanced reactor designs than for current-generation nuclear reactors, which primarily use analog I&C equipment. In the absence of significant operational experience, the best available indication of the potential vulnerability of advanced digital safety systems to EMI/RFI comes from environmental testing of an experimental digital safety channel (EDSC) by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The EDSC is a prototypical system representative of advanced reactor safety system designs with regard to architecture, functionality and communication protocols, and board and component fabrication technologies. An understanding of the electromagnetic environment to be expected for advanced reactors can be drawn from ORNL`s survey of ambient EMI/RFI conditions in the current Generation of nuclear power plants. A summary of the results from these research efforts is reported in this paper. The lessons learned from the EMI/RFI survey and the EDSC tests contribute significantly to determining the best approach to assuring electromagnetic compatibility for the safety-related I&C systems of advanced reactors. 16 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Kercel, S.W.; Korsah, K.; Wood, R.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Event-based simulation of neutron experiments: interference, entanglement and uncertainty relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a discrete-event simulation approach, which has been shown to give a unified cause-and-effect description of many quantum optics and single-neutron interferometry experiments. The event-based simulation algorithm does not require the knowledge of the solution of a wave equation of the whole system, yet reproduces the corresponding statistical distributions by generating detection events one-by-one. It is showm that single-particle interference and entanglement, two important quantum phenomena, emerge via information exchange between individual particles and devices such as beam splitters, polarizers and detectors. We demonstrate this by reproducing the results of several single-neutron interferometry experiments, including one that demonstrates interference and one that demonstrates the violation of a Bell-type inequality. We also present event-based simulation results of a single neutron experiment designed to test the validity of Ozawa's universally valid error-disturbance relation, an uncertainty relation derived using the theory of general quantum measurements.

Kristel Michielsen; Hans De Raedt

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

288

Multi-User MISO Interference Channels with Single-User Detection: Optimality of Beamforming and the Achievable Rate Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For a multi-user interference channel with multi-antenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers, by restricting each transmitter to Gaussian input and each receiver to a single-user detector, computing the largest achievable rate region amounts to solving a family of non-convex optimization problems. Recognizing the intrinsic connection between the signal power at the intended receiver and the interference power at the unintended receiver, the original family of non-convex optimization problems is converted into a new family of convex optimization problems. It is shown that, for such interference channels with each receiver implementing single-user detection, transmitter beamforming can achieve all boundary points of the achievable rate region.

Shang, Xiaohu; Poor, H Vincent

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Interference effects and the use of Higgs boson pair production to study the Higgs trilinear self coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the dominant channel proposed for the determination of the Higgs boson trilinear coupling, $pp\\to HH+X$ via gluon fusion, exhibits an interference structure that is independent of the collider energy for collider energies in the range $8\\,{\\rm TeV}\\leq \\sqrt{s}\\leq 100\\,{\\rm TeV}$ and is almost maximally destructive. This insensitivity to the collider energy remains approximately true for a variety of other two Higgs production mechanisms although the magnitude of the interference varies widely.

Dicus, Duane A; Repko, Wayne W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Status of NRC approval of EPRI electromagnetic interference susceptibility testing guidelines for digital equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historically, nuclear power plants installing digital equipment have been required to conduct expensive, site-specific electromagnetic interference (EMI) surveys to demonstrate that EMI will not affect the operation of sensitive electronic equipment. Consequently, EPRI formed a Utility Working Group which developed a set of generic EMI susceptibility testing guidelines, which were published as an EPRI report in September 1994. These guidelines are based upon EMI survey data obtained from several different plants and include criteria for determining their applicability. The Working Group interacted with NRC staff to obtain NRC approval. In April 1996, the NRC issued a Safety Evaluation Report (SER) endorsing the guidelines as a valid means of demonstrating EMI compatibility. The issuance of this SER was conditional on issuing a revision to the EPRI EMI Guidelines. This paper summarizes the guidelines, the NRC SER, and the current status of Revision 1 to the report.

James, R.W. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Shank, J.W. [Public Service Electric & Gas Company, Hancock`s Bridge, NJ (United States); Yoder, C. [Baltimore Gas & Electric, Lusby, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

Assessment and Mitigation of Diagnostic-Generated Electromagnetic Interference at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is an ever-present challenge at laser facilities such as the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The major source of EMI at such facilities is laser-target interaction that can generate intense electromagnetic fields within, and outside of, the laser target chamber. In addition, the diagnostics themselves can be a source of EMI, even interfering with themselves. In this paper we describe EMI generated by ARIANE and DIXI, present measurements, and discuss effects of the diagnostic-generated EMI on ARIANE's CCD and on a PMT nearby DIXI. Finally we present some of the efforts we have made to mitigate the effects of diagnostic-generated EMI on NIF diagnostics.

Brown, C G; Ayers, M J; Felker, B; Ferguson, W; Holder, J P; Nagel, S R; Piston, K W; Simanovskaia, N; Throop, A L; Chung, M; Hilsabeck, T

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

292

Optical transmission modules for multi-channel superconducting quantum interference device readouts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We developed an optical transmission module consisting of 16-channel analog-to-digital converter (ADC), digital-noise filter, and one-line serial transmitter, which transferred Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) readout data to a computer by a single optical cable. A 16-channel ADC sent out SQUID readouts data with 32-bit serial data of 8-bit channel and 24-bit voltage data at a sample rate of 1.5 kSample/s. A digital-noise filter suppressed digital noises generated by digital clocks to obtain SQUID modulation as large as possible. One-line serial transmitter reformed 32-bit serial data to the modulated data that contained data and clock, and sent them through a single optical cable. When the optical transmission modules were applied to 152-channel SQUID magnetoencephalography system, this system maintained a field noise level of 3 fT/?Hz @ 100 Hz.

Kim, Jin-Mok, E-mail: jmkim@kriss.re.kr; Kwon, Hyukchan; Yu, Kwon-kyu; Lee, Yong-Ho; Kim, Kiwoong [Brain Cognition Measurement Center, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)] [Brain Cognition Measurement Center, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, Daejeon 305-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Interference effects in proton scattering on {sup 15}N nuclei at intermediate energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The differential cross section for proton scattering on {sup 15}N nuclei is calculated within Glauber diffraction theory at energies of 0.2, 0.6, and 1.0 GeV. Use is made of the shell-model wave function for the {sup 15}N nucleus. The contribution of single and double collisions to the Glauber operator {Omega} is taken into account. The sensitivity of the differential cross sections to the contributions of scattering on nucleons from different shells, to the parameters of the elementary pN amplitude, and to the energy of projectile protons is investigated. It is shown that the interference between amplitudes corresponding to different collision multiplicities, as well as between the amplitudes for scattering on nucleons from different shells, determines special features of the cross section.

Ibraeva, E. T., E-mail: ibr@inp.k [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M.A.; Imambekov, O. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Kazakhstan); Krassovitskiy, P. M. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

294

Preliminary analyses of scenarios for potential human interference for repositories in three salt formations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Preliminary analyses of scenarios for human interference with the performance of a radioactive waste repository in a deep salt formation are presented. The following scenarios are analyzed: (1) the U-Tube Connection Scenario involving multiple connections between the repository and the overlying aquifer system; (2) the Single Borehole Intrusion Scenario involving penetration of the repository by an exploratory borehole that simultaneously connects the repository with overlying and underlying aquifers; and (3) the Pressure Release Scenario involving inflow of water to saturate any void space in the repository prior to creep closure with subsequent release under near lithostatic pressures following creep closure. The methodology to evaluate repository performance in these scenarios is described and this methodology is applied to reference systems in three candidate formations: bedded salt in the Palo Duro Basin, Texas; bedded salt in the Paradox Basin, Utah; and the Richton Salt Dome, Mississippi, of the Gulf Coast Salt Dome Basin.

Not Available

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Decentralized Delay Optimal Control for Interference Networks with Limited Renewable Energy Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we consider delay minimization for interference networks with renewable energy source, where the transmission power of a node comes from both the conventional utility power (AC power) and the renewable energy source. We assume the transmission power of each node is a function of the local channel state, local data queue state and local energy queue state only. In turn, we consider two delay optimization formulations, namely the decentralized partially observable Markov decision process (DEC-POMDP) and Non-cooperative partially observable stochastic game (POSG). In DEC-POMDP formulation, we derive a decentralized online learning algorithm to determine the control actions and Lagrangian multipliers (LMs) simultaneously, based on the policy gradient approach. Under some mild technical conditions, the proposed decentralized policy gradient algorithm converges almost surely to a local optimal solution. On the other hand, in the non-cooperative POSG formulation, the transmitter nodes are non-cooperat...

Huang, Huang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Miniaturized hand held microwave interference scanning system for NDE of dielectric armor and armor systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inspection of ceramic-based armor has advanced through development of a microwave-based, portable, non-contact NDE system. Recently, this system was miniaturized and made wireless for maximum utility in field applications. The electronic components and functionality of the laboratory system are retained, with alternative means of position input for creation of scan images. Validation of the detection capability was recently demonstrated using specially fabricated surrogates and ballistic impact-damaged specimens. The microwave data results have been compared to data from laboratory-based microwave interferometry systems and digital x-ray imaging. The microwave interference scanning has been shown to reliably detect cracks, laminar features and material property variations. The authors present details of the system operation, descriptions of the test samples used and recent results obtained.

Schmidt, Karl F.; Little, Jack R. [Evisive, Inc., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Ellingson, William A. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL(United States); Meitzler, Thomas J. [US Army Research and Development Command Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center, Warren, MI (United States); Green, William [US Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD (United States)

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

297

Coordinated Beamforming for Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under Rate Outage Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the coordinated beamforming design problem for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel, assuming only channel distribution information (CDI) at the transmitters. For a given requirement on the rate outage probability for receivers, we aim to maximize the system utility (e.g., the weighted sum rate, weighted proportional fairness rate, and the weighed harmonic mean rate) subject to the rate outage constraints and individual power constraints. The outage constraints, however, lead to a complicated, nonconvex structure for the considered beamforming design problem and make the optimization problem difficult to handle. While this nonconvex optimization problem can be solved in an exhaustive search manner, this brute-force approach is only feasible when the number of transmitter-receiver pairs is small. For a system with a large number of transmitter-receiver pairs, computationally efficient alternatives are necessary. The focus of this paper is hence on the design of such e...

Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Note: Increasing dynamic range of digital-to-analog converter using a superconducting quantum interference device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Responses of a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) are periodically dependent on magnetic flux coupling to its superconducting ring and the period is a flux quantum (?{sub o} = h/2e, where h and e, respectively, express Planck's constant and elementary charge). Using this periodicity, we had proposed a digital to analog converter using a SQUID (SQUID DAC) of first generation with linear current output, interval of which corresponded to ?{sub o}. Modification for increasing dynamic range by interpolating within each interval is reported. Linearity of the interpolation was also based on the quantum periodicity. A SQUID DAC with dynamic range of about 1.4 × 10{sup 7} was created as a demonstration.

Nakanishi, Masakazu, E-mail: m.nakanishi@aist.go.jp [Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, AIST Central-3, 1-1, Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8563 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

299

Experimental verification of the commutation relation for Pauli spin operators using single-photon quantum interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report experimental verification of the commutation relation for Pauli spin operators using quantum interference of the single-photon polarization state. By superposing the quantum operations $\\sigma_z \\sigma_x$ and $\\sigma_x \\sigma_z$ on a single-photon polarization state, we have experimentally implemented the commutator, $[\\sigma_{z}, \\sigma_{x}]$, and the anticommutator, $\\{\\sigma_{z}, \\sigma_{x}\\}$, and have demonstrated the relative phase factor of $\\pi$ between $\\sigma_z \\sigma_x$ and $\\sigma_x \\sigma_z$ operations. The experimental quantum operation corresponding to the commutator, $[\\sigma_{z}, \\sigma_{x}]=k\\sigma_y$, showed process fidelity of 0.94 compared to the ideal $\\sigma_y$ operation and $|k|$ is determined to be $2.12\\pm0.18$.

Yong-Su Kim; Hyang-Tag Lim; Young-Sik Ra; Yoon-Ho Kim

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Superconducting quantum interference device microsusceptometer balanced over a wide bandwidth for nuclear magnetic resonance applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID) microsusceptometers have been widely used to study magnetic properties of materials at microscale. As intrinsically balanced devices, they could also be exploited for direct SQUID-detection of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) from micron sized samples, or for SQUID readout of mechanically detected NMR from submicron sized samples. Here, we demonstrate a double balancing technique that enables achievement of very low residual imbalance of a SQUID microsusceptometer over a wide bandwidth. In particular, we can generate ac magnetic fields within the SQUID loop as large as 1 mT, for frequencies ranging from dc up to a few MHz. As an application, we demonstrate direct detection of NMR from {sup 1}H spins in a glycerol droplet placed directly on top of the 20 ?m SQUID loops.

Vinante, A., E-mail: anvinante@fbk.eu; Falferi, P. [Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, CNR - Fondazione Bruno Kessler, I-38123 Povo, Trento (Italy); Mezzena, R. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Trento, I-38123 Povo, Trento (Italy)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Interference effects in photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance spectra of CdTe films grown on Si substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference effects in photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance spectra of CdTe films and contactless electroreflectance CER spectra of CdTe films grown on Si substrate, at energies below the band gap of CdTe. The simultaneous observation of OF in the reflectance (R) spectrum having the same period

Ghosh, Sandip

302

Dual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control: Interference Effects on Working Memory are Modulated by Expectancy and Fluid Intelligence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), proactive control mechanisms preferred · Fluid Intelligence (gF) · Fluid intelligence possibly relatedDual Mechanisms of Cognitive Control: Interference Effects on Working Memory are Modulated by Expectancy and Fluid Intelligence Gregory C. Burgess and Todd S. Braver Department of Psychology , Washington

Burgess, Greg

303

Photon interference effect in x-ray absorption spectra over a wide energy range Y. Nishino and T. Ishikawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Therefore the atomic absorption coeffi- cient a is given by a a PI a ES a Incoh , 1 where a PI , a ESPhoton interference effect in x-ray absorption spectra over a wide energy range Y. Nishino and T Received 3 July 2002; published 12 September 2002 We consider fundamental structures in x-ray absorption

Korecki, Pawe³

304

Heterogeneous Chemistry of Individual Mineral Dust Particles with Nitric Acid. A Combined CCSEM/EDX, ESEM AND ICP-MS Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The heterogeneous chemistry of individual dust particles from four authentic dust samples with gas-phase nitric acid was investigated in this study. Morphology and compositional changes of individual particles as they react with nitric acid were observed using conventional scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (SEM/EDX) and computer controlled SEM/EDX. Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) was utilized to investigate the hygroscopic behavior of mineral dust particles reacted with nitric acid. Differences in the reactivity of mineral dust particles from these four different dust source regions with nitric acid were observed. Mineral dust from source regions containing high levels of calcium, namely China loess dust and Saudi coastal dust, were found to react to the greatest extent.

Laskin, Alexander; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Krueger, Brenda J.; Grassian, Vicki H.

2005-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

305

A convenient approach to $10^{-12}~g/g$ ICP-MS limits for Th and U in Aurubis electrolytic NA-ESN brand copper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy is a powerful technique for measuring trace levels of radioactive contaminants, specifically Th and U, in materials for use in construction of low-background rare-event detectors such as double beta decay and dark matter detectors. I describe here a technique for measuring Th and U contamination in copper using direct acid digestion and dilution, without further chemical processing, achieving results comparable to previous work which utilized more complex chemical pre-concentration techniques. A convenient research-oriented analysis environment is described as well. Results are presented for measurements of three samples from the production line of electrolytically-purified, LME (London Metal Exchange) grade A, NA-ESN Aurubis copper. Purified samples showed levels consistent with zero contamination for both elements, while weak but inconclusive indications of contamination were present for the un-purified anode copper. The best limits achieved are near $1\\cdot 10^{-12}$~g/g (95% CL) for both Th and U measured for copper from the cathode of the purification process.

D. S. Leonard

2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

306

GraduateCouncilMeetingMinutes 204AEvansLibrary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Education Research f. FINC 641 Valuation g. FINC 646 Technical Analysis of Financial Markets h. FINC 648 k. ICPE 602 Reservoir Characterization and Modeling l. ICPE 603 Bioenergy m. ICPE 604 Energy Systems

Behmer, Spencer T.

307

Research Project on CO2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources: Water Quality Effects Caused by CO2 Intrusion into Shallow Groundwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICP-MS Hg LBNL NAA NASCENT NURE MCL MSW NGS NWIS Pb Sb SDWRAbundance ICP Part. AA NAA NURE ICP See notes See Notes HostNeutron activation analysis NURE: National Uranium Resource

Birkholzer, Jens

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Erasing the traces of classical mechanics in ionization of H{sub 2} by quantum interferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The single ionization of hydrogen molecules by fast electron impact is studied theoretically for transitions from the ground (gerade) state to final ground (gerade) and first-excited (ungerade) states of H{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that under definite conditions and for particular orientations of the molecule, the main physical features of the ionization reaction, which are the binary and recoil peaks usually associated with classical mechanisms, are completely erased by quantum interference effects that resemble the ones predicted previously for photoionization reactions. However, these new effects cannot be derived from photoionization results, as the electromagnetic field cannot transfer momentum. In addition, it is found that the emission spectra of transitions leading to the final gerade and ungerade states of the H{sub 2}{sup +} residual target are analogous in certain cases to the patterns of two sources emitting waves in phase or antiphase, respectively. Finally, we show how an average of the emission from randomly oriented molecules produces a binary peak at the classical expected position, in agreement with experiments.

Fojon, O. A.; Stia, C. R.; Rivarola, R. D. [Laboratorio de Colisiones Atomicas and Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-UNR, Avenida Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Susceptibility of digital instrumentation and control systems to disruption by electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for disruption of safety-related digital instrumentation and control (I and C) systems by electromagnetic interference/radio-frequency interface (EMI/RFI) bears directly on the safe operation of advanced reactors. It is anticipated that the use of digital I and C equipment for safety and control functions will be substantially greater for advanced reactor designs than for current-generation nuclear reactors, which primarily use analog I and C equipment. In the absence of significant operational experience, the best available indication of the potential vulnerability of advanced digital safety systems to EMI/RFI comes from environmental testing of an experimental digital safety channel (EDSC) by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The EDSC is a prototypical system representative of advanced reactor safety system designs with regard to architecture, functionality and communication protocols, and board and component fabrication technologies. An understanding of the electromagnetic environment to be expected for advanced reactors can be drawn from ORNL`s survey of ambient EMI/RFI conditions in the current generation of nuclear power plants. A summary of the results from these research efforts is reported in this paper. The lessons learned from the EMI/RFI survey and the EDSC tests contribute significantly to determining the best approach to assuring electromagnetic compatibility for the safety-related I and C systems of advanced reactors.

Kercel, S.W.; Korsah, K.; Wood, R.T.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Arrays of nanoscale magnetic dots: Fabrication by x-ray interference lithography and characterization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray interference lithography (XIL) was employed in combination with electrodeposition to fabricate arrays of nanoscale nickel dots which are uniform over 40 {mu}m and have periods down to 71 nm. Using extreme-ultraviolet light, XIL has the potential to produce magnetic dot arrays over large areas with periods well below 50 nm, and down to a theoretical limit of 6.5 nm for a 13 nm x-ray wavelength. In the nickel dot arrays, we observed the effect of interdot magnetic stray field interactions. Measuring the hysteresis loops using the magneto-optical Kerr effect, a double switching via the vortex state was observed in the nickel dots with diameters down to 44 nm and large dot separations. As the dot separations are reduced to below around 50 nm a single switching, occurring by collective rotation of the magnetic spins, is favored due to interdot magnetic stray field interactions. This results in magnetic flux closure through several dots which could be visualized with micromagnetic simulations. Further evidence of the stray field interactions was seen in photoemission electron microscopy images, where bands of contrast corresponding to chains of coupled dots were observed.

Heyderman, L.J.; Solak, H.H.; David, C.; Atkinson, D.; Cowburn, R.P.; Nolting, F. [Laboratory for Micro- and Nanotechnology, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland); Nanomagnetism Group, Department of Physics, University of Durham, Rochester Building, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Swiss Light Source, Paul Scherrer Institut, CH-5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2004-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

313

Soft holographic interference lithography microlens for enhanced organic light emitting diode light extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Very uniform 2 {micro}m-pitch square microlens arrays ({micro}LAs), embossed on the blank glass side of an indium-tin-oxide (ITO)-coated 1.1 mm-thick glass, are used to enhance light extraction from organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by {approx}100%, significantly higher than enhancements reported previously. The array design and size relative to the OLED pixel size appear to be responsible for this enhancement. The arrays are fabricated by very economical soft lithography imprinting of a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mold (itself obtained from a Ni master stamp that is generated from holographic interference lithography of a photoresist) on a UV-curable polyurethane drop placed on the glass. Green and blue OLEDs are then fabricated on the ITO to complete the device. When the {mu}LA is {approx}15 x 15 mm{sup 2}, i.e., much larger than the {approx}3 x 3 mm{sup 2} OLED pixel, the electroluminescence (EL) in the forward direction is enhanced by {approx}100%. Similarly, a 19 x 25 mm{sup 2} {mu}LA enhances the EL extracted from a 3 x 3 array of 2 x 2 mm{sup 2} OLED pixels by 96%. Simulations that include the effects of absorption in the organic and ITO layers are in accordance with the experimental results and indicate that a thinner 0.7 mm thick glass would yield a {approx}140% enhancement.

Park, Joong-Mok; Gan, Zhengqing; Leung, Wai Y.; Liu, Rui; Ye, Zhuo; Constant, Kristen; Shinar, Joseph; Shinar, Ruth; Ho, Kai-Ming

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

314

A method for direct, semi-quantitative analysis of gas phase samples using gas chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new and complete GC–ICP-MS method is described for direct analysis of trace metals in a gas phase process stream. The proposed method is derived from standard analytical procedures developed for ICP-MS, which are regularly exercised in standard ICP-MS laboratories. In order to implement the method, a series of empirical factors were generated to calibrate detector response with respect to a known concentration of an internal standard analyte. Calibrated responses are ultimately used to determine the concentration of metal analytes in a gas stream using a semi-quantitative algorithm. The method was verified using a traditional gas injection from a GC sampling valve and a standard gas mixture containing either a 1 ppm Xe + Kr mix with helium balance or 100 ppm Xe with helium balance. Data collected for Xe and Kr gas analytes revealed that agreement of 6–20% with the actual concentration can be expected for various experimental conditions. To demonstrate the method using a relevant “unknown” gas mixture, experiments were performed for continuous 4 and 7 hour periods using a Hg-containing sample gas that was co-introduced into the GC sample loop with the xenon gas standard. System performance and detector response to the dilute concentration of the internal standard were pre-determined, which allowed semi-quantitative evaluation of the analyte. The calculated analyte concentrations varied during the course of the 4 hour experiment, particularly during the first hour of the analysis where the actual Hg concentration was under predicted by up to 72%. Calculated concentration improved to within 30–60% for data collected after the first hour of the experiment. Similar results were seen during the 7 hour test with the deviation from the actual concentration being 11–81% during the first hour and then decreasing for the remaining period. The method detection limit (MDL) was determined for the mercury by injecting the sample gas into the system following a period of equilibration. The MDL for Hg was calculated as 6.8 ?g · m{sup ? 3}. This work describes the first complete GC–ICP-MS method to directly analyze gas phase samples, and detailed sample calculations and comparisons to conventional ICP-MS methods are provided.

Carter, Kimberly E.; Gerdes, Kirk

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Radiochemical method development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors have developed methods for chemical characterization of the environment under a multitask project that focuses on improvement of radioanalytical methods with an emphasis on faster and cheaper routine methods. The authors have developed improved methods for separation of environmental levels of technetium-99, radium, and actinides from soil and water; separation of actinides from soil and water matrix interferences; and isolation of strontium. They are also developing methods for simultaneous detection of multiple isotopes (including nonradionuclides) by using a new instrumental technique, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The new ICP-MS methods have greater sensitivity and efficiency and could replace many radiometric techniques. They are using flow injection analysis to integrate and automate the separation methods with the ICP-MS methodology. The final product of all activities will be methods that are available (published in the U.S. Department of Energy`s analytical methods compendium) and acceptable for use in regulatory situations.

Erickson, M.D.; Aldstadt, J.H.; Alvarado, J.S.; Crain, J.S.; Orlandini, K.A.; Smith, L.L.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Direct periodic patterning of GaN-based light-emitting diodes by three-beam interference laser ablation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the direct patterning of two-dimensional periodic structures in GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) through laser interference ablation for the fast and reliable fabrication of periodic micro- and nano-structures aimed at enhancing light output. Holes arranged in a two-dimensional hexagonal lattice array having an opening size of 500?nm, depth of 50?nm, and a periodicity of 1??m were directly formed by three-beam laser interference without photolithography or electron-beam lithography processes. The laser-patterned LEDs exhibit an enhancement in light output power of 20% compared to conventional LEDs having a flat top surface without degradation of electrical and optical properties of the top p-GaN layer and the active region, respectively.

Kim, Jeomoh; Ji, Mi-Hee; Detchprohm, Theeradetch [Center for Compound Semiconductors and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 777 Atlantic Dr. NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0250 (United States); Yuan, Dajun; Guo, Rui [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0405 (United States); Liu, Jianping [Suzhou Institute of Nano-tech and Nano-bionics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215125 (China); Asadirad, Mojtaba [Materials Engineering Program, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-4005 (United States); Kwon, Min-Ki [Department of Photonic Engineering, Chosun University, Seosuk-dong, Gwangju 501-759 (Korea, Republic of); Dupuis, Russell D. [Center for Compound Semiconductors and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 777 Atlantic Dr. NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0250 (United States); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0245 (United States); Das, Suman [Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0405 (United States); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0245 (United States); Ryou, Jae-Hyun, E-mail: jryou@uh.edu [Materials Engineering Program, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-4005 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering and Texas Center for Superconductivity at the University of Houston (TcSUH), University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77204-4006 (United States)

2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

317

Interferences of real trajectories and the emergence of quantum features in electron-atom scattering in a strong laser field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the example of electron-atom scattering in a strong laser field, it is shown that the oscillatory structure of the scattered electron spectrum can be explained as a consequence of the interference of the real electron trajectories in terms of Feynman's path integral. While in previous work on quantum-orbit theory the complex solutions of the saddle-point equations were considered, we show here that for the electron-atom scattering with much simpler real solutions a satisfactory agreement with the strong-field-approximation results can be achieved. Real solutions are applicable both for the direct (low-energy) and the rescattering (high-energy) plateau in the scattered electron spectrum. In between the plateaus and beyond the rescattering cutoff good results can be obtained using the complex (quantum) solutions and the uniform approximation. The interference of real solutions is related to the recent attosecond double-slit experiment in time.

Cerkic, A. [Federal Meteorological Institute, Bardakcije 12, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 35, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

The design, implementation and testing of data gathering instrumentation for measurement of electromagnetic interference in electric power substations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING OF DATA GATHERING INSTRUMENTATION FOR MEASUREMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University... IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Approved as to style and content by: B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee) A. K. A IM Sallie She p rd (Member) August 1983 ABSTRACT The Design, Implementation and Testing of Data...

Gerloff, Gary Wayne

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

A novel method to determine the elastic modulus of thin films using a travelling interference pattern  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently picosecond techniques have been used to generate surface acoustic waves (SAW) with wavelengths of a few microns. Previously generation of short SAW wavelengths required a laser pulse duration shorter than the transit time of the acoustic wave as it traverses the spatial pattern produced by the laser and a thermal relaxation time much faster than the acoustic time constant. In this paper we wish to report an investigation using spatially and temporally modulated light beams using long lasers pulses as a means to generate short acoustic wavelengths. Such a method may be useful in measuring the elastic modulus of thin films. The experiment that is being conducted utilizes two laser beams, one at frequency, vo, and the other at a shifted frequency, vo-v{prime}, to form a traveling interference pattern. The method of generating these frequencies will be described. By adjusting the angle between the two laser beams, the surface wave speed of an arbitrary material used for a thin film can be selectively matched. Using a YAG laser at 1064 rim to create the moving gratings, surface acoustic wavelengths of 1-3 microns may be generated in a variety of materials. The penetration depth of the acoustic wave is approximately the wavelength itself, thus, this method is well suited for characterizing thin films. For multiple thin film layers of different materials, SAW can be selectively produced in any layer of interest provided the top layers are transparent enough to allow the laser energy to be deposited on the intended layer. The presence of these modulated surface waves is detected by a He-Ne laser using light scattering. From the measured surface acoustic wave velocity, Poisson`s ratio, and the specimen density, the elastic modulus may be calculated. Measurements in progress will be reported for a variety of materials.

Amimoto, S.T.; Chang, D.J. [Aerospace Corporation, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

Scanning angle Raman spectroscopy: Investigation of Raman scatter enhancement techniques for chemical analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis outlines advancements in Raman scatter enhancement techniques by applying evanescent fields, standing-waves (waveguides) and surface enhancements to increase the generated mean square electric field, which is directly related to the intensity of Raman scattering. These techniques are accomplished by employing scanning angle Raman spectroscopy and surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. A 1064 nm multichannel Raman spectrometer is discussed for chemical analysis of lignin. Extending dispersive multichannel Raman spectroscopy to 1064 nm reduces the fluorescence interference that can mask the weaker Raman scattering. Overall, these techniques help address the major obstacles in Raman spectroscopy for chemical analysis, which include the inherently weak Raman cross section and susceptibility to fluorescence interference.

Meyer, Matthew W. [Ames Laboratory

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

An energy relaxation tolerant approach to quantum entanglement, information transfer, and gates with superconducting-quantum-interference-device qubits in cavity QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A scheme is proposed for realizing quantum entanglement, information transfer, CNOT gates, and SWAP gates with supercoiiducting-quantum-interference-device (SQUID) qubits in cavity QED. In the scheme, the two logical states ...

Yang, Chuiping; Chu, Shih-I; Han, Siyuan

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

322

Light Vector Meson Photoproduction off of 1H at Jefferson Lab and p-w Interference in the Leptonic Decay Channel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the phenomena of r – w interference has been studied at great length in pionic decay channel over the past 50 years, a study of the interference in a purely electromagnetic production and decay channel has never been performed on an elementary proton target until now. The only published photo-production data of the r - w leptonic decay channel was obtained in the early seventies on C and Be. An investigation of the r - w interference on a Hydrogen was recently completed at Jefferson Lab with the CLAS detector. The di-lepton spectra was fit with two inter- fering relativistic Breit-Wigner functions, and the interference phase was extracted. Preliminary results will be compared to the previous experimental studies in nuclei.

Djalali, Chaden [University of Iowa; Paolone, Michael [Temple University, JLAB; Weygand, Dennis; Wood, Mike H. [USC LA, JLAB

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Possible realization of entanglement, logical gates, and quantum-information transfer with superconducting-quantum-interference-device qubits in cavity QED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a scheme to achieve maximally entangled states, controlled phase-shift gate, and SWAP gate for two superconducting-quantum-interference-device (SQUID) qubits, by placing SQUIDs in a microwave cavity. We also ...

Yang, Chui-Ping; Chu, Shih-I; Han, Siyuan

2003-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

324

Interference with histidyl-tRNA synthetase by a CRISPR spacer sequence as a factor in the evolution of Pelobacter carbinolicus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carbinolicus, a bacterium of the family Geobacteraceae, cannot reduce Fe(III) directly or produce electricity for interference with hisS. Spacer #1 inhibited growth of a transgenic strain of Geobacter sulfurreducens in which

Lovley, Derek

325

Potential Applications of Microtesla Magnetic Resonance ImagingDetected Using a Superconducting Quantum Interference Device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation describes magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of protons performed in a precession field of 132 {micro}T. In order to increase the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), a pulsed 40-300 mT magnetic field prepolarizes the sample spins and an untuned second-order superconducting gradiometer coupled to a low transition temperature superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) detects the subsequent 5.6-kHz spin precession. Imaging sequences including multiple echoes and partial Fourier reconstruction are developed. Calculating the SNR of prepolarized SQUID-detected MRI shows that three-dimensional Fourier imaging yields higher SNR than slice-selection imaging. An experimentally demonstrated field-cycling pulse sequence and post-processing algorithm mitigate image artifacts caused by concomitant gradients in low-field MRI. The magnetic field noise of SQUID untuned detection is compared to the noise of SQUID tuned detection, conventional Faraday detection, and the Nyquist noise generated by conducting biological samples. A second-generation microtesla MRI system employing a low-noise SQUID is constructed to increase SNR. A 2.4-m cubic, eddy-current shield with 6-mm thick aluminum walls encloses the experiment to attenuate external noise. The measured noise is 0.75 fT Hz{sup -1/2} referred to the bottom gradiometer loop. Solenoids wound from 30-strand braided wire to decrease Nyquist noise and cooled by either liquid nitrogen or water polarize the spins. Copper wire coils wound on wooden supports produce the imaging magnetic fields and field gradients. Water phantom images with 0.8 x 0.8 x 10 mm{sup 3} resolution have a SNR of 6. Three-dimensional 1.6 x 1.9 x 14 mm{sup 3} images of bell peppers and 3 x 3 x 26 mm{sup 3} in vivo images of the human arm are presented. Since contrast based on the transverse spin relaxation rate (T{sub 1}) is enhanced at low magnetic fields, microtesla MRI could potentially be used for tumor imaging. The measured T{sub 1} of ex vivo normal and cancerous prostate tissue differ significantly at 132 {micro}T. A single-sided MRI system designed for prostate imaging could achieve 3 x 3 x 5 mm{sup 3} resolution in 8 minutes. Existing SQUID-based magnetoencephalography (MEG) systems could be used as microtesla MRI detectors. A commercial 275-channel MEG system could acquire 6-minute brain images with (4 mm){sup 3} resolution and SNR 16.

Myers, Whittier R.

2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

326

CORAL Name: STS 2 Model Number: ICP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. During the subsequent etch cycle, the passivating film is preferentially removed from the bottom the Transfer window located on the lower right of the screen: Click on the Unload button under the Lock heading and shut and latch the loadlock lid. Using a Sequence: Load the desired sequence using the Sequencer window

Reif, Rafael

327

Oberseminar -ICP Temperature Calculation for Tribological  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and passing to third parties. 0 #12;Overview Where to calculate the heat: diesel injection pump First focus: journal bearings DS/ETI2 Vortrag 24.01.05.tex 24.01.05 c Robert Bosch GmbH reserves all rights even;Approach Some assessments: Heat diffuses 30µm in diesel in the time of one rotation of the shaft

Harting, Jens

328

Microsoft Word - ICP CX determinaton.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

be achieved by removal andor decontaminating or treating waste residues in the SPF tanks systems and the SSS pipingcomponents. The system and associated piping and components...

329

Microsoft Word - ICP CX determinaton.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Tank Waste System Plan Rev212-001

330

ICP Solar Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Ohio:GreerHiCalifornia: Energythe SecondInformation 3 -2ICE SolarICMICP

331

Synthesis of zinc oxide particles coated multiwalled carbon nanotubes: Dielectric properties, electromagnetic interference shielding and microwave absorption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: A resistor–capacitor model could well describe the relationships between the structure and the dielectric properties, electromagnetic interference shielding and microwave-absorption of the composites in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz. The resonant behavior associated with the multiwalled carbon nanotubes/zinc oxide (MWCNTs/ZnO) interface greatly broadens the absorption band. Highlights: ? ZnO-immobilized on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs/ZnO) have resonant behavior. ? A resistor–capacitor model describes the relation between the structure and properties. ? The composite with 40 wt% MWCNTs/ZnO has good electromagnetic interference shielding. ? Two different types of absorption peaks are found in the MWCNTs/ZnO composites. ? The existence of MWCNTs/ZnO interface broadens the absorption band. -- Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were coated on the surfaces of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). High resolution transmission electron microscopy images show that the wurtzite ZnO immobilized on the MWCNTs is single-crystalline with a preferential [0 0 0 2] growth direction. A capacitor was generated by the interface of ZnO and MWCNTs, and a resistor–capacitor model could well describe the relationships between the structure and the dielectric properties, electromagnetic interference shielding and microwave-absorption of the composites in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz. The network built by ZnO-immobilized MWCNTs could contribute to the improvement of electrical properties. Resonant peaks associated with the capacitor formed by the interface were observed in the microwave absorption spectra, which suggest that reflection–loss peaks greatly broadens the absorption bandwidth.

Song, Wei-Li [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Cao, Mao-Sheng, E-mail: caomaosheng@bit.edu.cn [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Wen, Bo; Hou, Zhi-Ling; Cheng, Jin [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Yuan, Jie, E-mail: yuanjie4000@sina.com [School of Information Engineering, Central University for Nationality, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Information Engineering, Central University for Nationality, Beijing 100081 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

332

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COHERENT NOISE, ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE OF THE ATLAS EM CALORIMETER FRONT END BOARD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ATLAS Electromagnetic (EM) calorimeter (EMCAL) Front End Board (FEB) will be located in custom-designed enclosures solidly connected to the feedtroughs. It is a complex mixed signal board which includes the preamplifier, shaper, switched capacitor array analog memory unit (SCA), analog to digital conversion, serialization of the data and related control logic. It will be described in detail elsewhere in these proceedings. The electromagnetic interference (either pick-up from the on board digital activity, from power supply ripple or from external sources) which affects coherently large groups of channels (coherent noise) is of particular concern in calorimetry and it has been studied in detail.

CHASE,B.CITTERIO,M.LANNI,F.MAKOWIECKI,D.RADEKA,S.RESCIA,S.TAKAI,H.ET AL.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

333

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COHERENT NOISE, ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE OF THE ATLAS EM CALORIMETER FRONT END BOARD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ATLAS Electromagnetic (EM) calorimeter (EMCAL) Front End Board (FEB) will be located in custom-designed enclosures solidly connected to the feedtroughs. It is a complex mixed signal board which includes the preamplifier, shaper, switched capacitor array analog memory unit (SCA), analog to digital conversion, serialization of the data and related control logic. It will be described in detail elsewhere in these proceedings. The electromagnetic interference (either pick-up from the on board digital activity, from power supply ripple or from external sources) which affects coherently large groups of channels (coherent noise) is of particular concern in calorimetry and it has been studied in detail.

CHASE,R.L.; CITTERIO,M.; LANNI,F.; MAKOWIECKI,D.; RADEKA,V.; RESCIA,S.; TAKAI,H.; BAN,J.; PARSONS,J.; SIPPACH,W.

2000-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

334

Observation of a narrow structure in 1H(?,KS0)X via interference with phi-meson production  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report observation of a narrow peak structure at ?1.54 GeV with a Gaussian width ? = 6 MeV in the missing mass of KS in the reaction ? + p ? pKSKL. The observed structure may be due to the interference between a strange (or antistrange) baryon resonance in the pKL system and the ?(KSKL) photoproduction leading to the same final state. The statistical significance of the observed excess of events estimated as the log-likelihood ratio of the resonant signal + background hypothesis and the ?-production-based background-only hypothesis corresponds to 5.3?.

Amaryan, M J; Nepali, C; Polyakov, M V; Azimov, Ya; Briscoe, W J; Dodge, G E; Hyde, C E; Klein, F; Kuznetsov, V; Strakovsky, I

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

335

Journal of Neuroscience Methods 159 (2007) 170180 A tool for synthesizing spike trains with realistic interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

acquired using MEAs, this information could be provided through voltage sensitive dye-based imaging at the bottom of a cell culture dish). We present an analysis of the transmission of intracellular signals from dye based imaging is difficult since it implies very high frame rates. Concurrent intracellular

Smith, Leslie S.

336

Observation of Two-source Interference in the Photoproduction Reaction AuAu --> AuAu rho 0  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In ultra-peripheral relativistic heavy-ion collisions, a photon from the electromagnetic field of one nucleus can fluctuate to a quark-antiquark pair and scatter from the other nucleus, emerging as a {rho}{sup 0}. The {rho}{sup 0} production occurs in two well-separated (median impact parameters of 20 and 40 fermi for the cases considered here) nuclei, so the system forms a 2-source interferometer. At low transverse momenta, the two amplitudes interfere destructively, suppressing {rho}{sup 0} production. Since the {rho}{sup 0} decays before the production amplitudes from the two sources can overlap, the two-pion system can only be described with an entangled non-local wave function, and is thus an example of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox. We observe this suppression in 200 GeV per nucleon-pair gold-gold collisions. The interference is 87% {+-} 5%(stat.) {+-} 8% (syst.) of the expected level. This translates into a limit on decoherence due to wave function collapse or other factors, of 23% at the 90% confidence level.

STAR Coll

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

337

Blue-detuned evanescent field surface traps for neutral atoms based on mode interference in ultra-thin optical fibres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present and analyze a novel concept for blue-detuned evanescent field surface traps for cold neutral atoms based on two-mode interference in ultra-thin optical fibres. When two or more transverse modes with the same frequency co-propagate in the fibre, their different phase velocities cause a stationary interference pattern to establish. Intensity minima of the evanescent field at any distance from the fibre surface can be created and an array of optical microtraps can thus be obtained in the evanescent field. We discuss three possible combinations of the lowest order modes, yielding traps at one to two hundred nanometres from the fibre surface which, using a few ten milliwatts of trapping laser power, have a depth on the order of 1 mK for caesium atoms and a trapping lifetime exceeding 100 seconds. The resulting trapping geometry is of particular interest because atoms in such microtrap arrays will be coupled to any additional field propagating in the fibre via the evanescent field, thereby realising ensembles of fibre-coupled atoms.

G. Sague; A. Baade; A. Rauschenbeutel

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

338

Voltammetric analysis apparatus and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method is described for electrochemical analysis of elements in solution. An auxiliary electrode, a reference electrode, and five working electrodes are positioned in a container containing a sample solution. The working electrodes are spaced apart evenly from each other and the auxiliary electrode to minimize any inter-electrode interference that may occur during analysis. An electric potential is applied between the auxiliary electrode and each of the working electrodes. Simultaneous measurements taken of the current flow through each of the working electrodes for each given potential in a potential range are used for identifying chemical elements present in the sample solution and their respective concentrations. Multiple working electrodes enable a more positive identification to be made by providing unique data characteristic of chemical elements present in the sample solution.

Almon, A.C.

1993-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

339

Interferogram Analysis using Active Instance-Based Olac Fuentes and Thamar Solorio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accurate predic- tions. To further reduce the running time, we use a principal component analysis experiments show very accurate results using both noiseless and noisy interferograms. Key Words: active, are combined an made to interfere, which results in a pattern, called interfero- gram, that characterizes

Fuentes, Olac

340

A Scalable Soft Spot Analysis Methodology for Compound Noise Effects in Nano-meter Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scalable Soft Spot Analysis Methodology for Compound Noise Effects in Nano-meter Circuits Chong@ece.ucsd.edu ABSTRACT Circuits using nano-meter technologies are becoming increasingly vulnerable to signal interference methodology to study the vulnerability of digital ICs exposed to nano-meter noise and transient soft errors

California at San Diego, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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341

New Insights into the Stochastic Geometry Analysis of Dense CSMA Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

campuses) and private premises (residential homes, corporate buildings). Today, WiFi-enabled home routers of interference among APs employing the same channel. The complex behavior of dense networks of interfering APs Real Energy-efficient Network Design). analysis by exploiting the independent sets method originally

342

Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalisation in Coded SC-FDMA Systems: EXIT Chart Analysis and Performance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Frequency-Domain Turbo Equalisation in Coded SC-FDMA Systems: EXIT Chart Analysis and Performance) turbo equalisers are considered. The first one is the turbo FD linear equaliser (LE). The second one is a parallel interference cancellation (PIC)-assisted turbo FD decision-feedback equaliser (DFE). The final one

Quartly, Graham

343

EXIT Chart Analysis of Turbo-BLAST Receivers in Rayleigh Fading Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EXIT Chart Analysis of Turbo-BLAST Receivers in Rayleigh Fading Channels Wenjun Li and Huaiyu Dai: Wli5@ncsu.edu, Huaiyu Dai@ncsu.edu Abstract-- Turbo-BLAST is an advanced space-time layered with Turbo-BLAST to combat the co-channel interference (CCI) and significantly improve the performance

Dai, Huaiyu

344

Two-Source Double-Slit Interference in Angle-Resolved High-Energy Above-Threshold Ionization Spectra of Diatoms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When an electron from a diatomic molecule undergoes tunneling-rescattering ionization, a novel form of destructive interference can be realized that involves all four geometric orbits that are available to the electron when it is freed, because both ionization and rescattering may take place at the same or at different centers. We find experimentally and confirm theoretically that in orientation-averaged angle-resolved high-order above-threshold ionization spectra the corresponding destructive interference is visible for O{sub 2} but not for N{sub 2}. This effect is different from the suppression of ionization that is well known to occur for O{sub 2}.

Okunishi, M.; Itaya, R.; Shimada, K.; Pruemper, G.; Ueda, K. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Busuladzic, M. [Medical Faculty, Cekalusa 90, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Gazibegovic-Busuladzic, A. [Faculty of Science, Zmaja od Bosne 35, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Milosevic, D. B. [Faculty of Science, Zmaja od Bosne 35, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Becker, W. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Max-Born-Institut, Max-Born-Strasse 2a, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

345

Interference-induced enhancement of intensity and energy of a multimode quantum optical field by a subwavelength array of coherent light sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, we have showed a mechanism that could provide a great transmission enhancement of the light waves passed through subwavelength aperture arrays in thin metal films not by the plasmon-polariton waves, but by the constructive interference of diffracted waves (beams generated by the apertures) at the detector placed in the far-field zone. We now present a quantum reformulation of the model. The Hamiltonian describing the interference-induced enhancement of the intensity and energy of a multimode quantum optical field is derived. Such a field can be produced, for instance, by a subwavelength array of coherent light sources.

S. V. Kukhlevsky

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

346

Opto-electronic device for frequency standard generation and terahertz-range optical demodulation based on quantum interference  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An opto-electronic system and technique for comparing laser frequencies with large frequency separations, establishing new frequency standards, and achieving phase-sensitive detection at ultra high frequencies are disclosed. Light responsive materials with multiple energy levels suitable for multi-photon excitation are preferably used for nonlinear mixing via quantum interference of different excitation paths affecting a common energy level. Demodulation of a carrier with a demodulation frequency up to 100`s THZ can be achieved for frequency comparison and phase-sensitive detection. A large number of materials can be used to cover a wide spectral range including the ultra violet, visible and near infrared regions. In particular, absolute frequency measurement in a spectrum from 1.25 {micro}m to 1.66 {micro}m for fiber optics can be accomplished with a nearly continuous frequency coverage. 7 figs.

Georgiades, N.P.; Polzik, E.S.; Kimble, H.J.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

347

Characterization and Suppression of the Electromagnetic Interference Induced Phase Shift in the JLab FEL Photo - Injector Advanced Drive Laser System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The drive laser for the photo-cathode gun used in the JLab Free Electron Laser (FEL) facility had been experiencing various phase shifts on the order of tens of degrees (>20{sup o} at 1497 MHz or >40ps) when changing the Advanced Drive Laser (ADL) [2][3][4] micro-pulse frequencies. These phase shifts introduced multiple complications when trying to setup the accelerator for operation, ultimately inhibiting the robustness and overall performance of the FEL. Through rigorous phase measurements and systematic characterizations, we determined that the phase shifts could be attributed to electromagnetic interference (EMI) coupling into the ADL phase control loop, and subsequently resolved the issue of phase shift to within tenths of a degree (<0.5{sup o} at 1497 MHz or <1ps). The diagnostic method developed and the knowledge gained through the entire process will prove to be invaluable for future designs of similar systems.

F. G. Wilson, D. Sexton, S. Zhang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Opto-electronic device for frequency standard generation and terahertz-range optical demodulation based on quantum interference  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An opto-electronic system and technique for comparing laser frequencies with large frequency separations, establishing new frequency standards, and achieving phase-sensitive detection at ultra high frequencies. Light responsive materials with multiple energy levels suitable for multi-photon excitation are preferably used for nonlinear mixing via quantum interference of different excitation paths affecting a common energy level. Demodulation of a carrier with a demodulation frequency up to 100's THZ can be achieved for frequency comparison and phase-sensitive detection. A large number of materials can be used to cover a wide spectral range including the ultra violet, visible and near infrared regions. In particular, absolute frequency measurement in a spectrum from 1.25 .mu.m to 1.66 .mu.m for fiber optics can be accomplished with a nearly continuous frequency coverage.

Georgiades, Nikos P. (Pasadena, CA); Polzik, Eugene S. (H.o slashed.jbjerg, DK); Kimble, H. Jeff (LaCanada, CA)

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

349

A convex approximation approach to Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under outage constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers weighted sum rate maximization of multiuser multiple-input single-output interference channel (MISO-IFC) under outage constraints. The outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem is a nonconvex optimization problem and is difficult to solve. While it is possible to optimally deal with this problem in an exhaustive search manner by finding all the Pareto-optimal rate tuples in the (discretized) outage-constrained achievable rate region, this approach, however, suffers from a prohibitive computational complexity and is feasible only when the number of transmitter-receive pairs is small. In this paper, we propose a convex optimization based approximation method for efficiently handling the outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem. The proposed approximation method consists of solving a sequence of convex optimization problems, and thus can be efficiently implemented by interior-point methods. Simulation results show that the proposed method can yield near-optim...

Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Nonlinear optical spectra having characteristics of Fano interferences in coherently coupled lowest exciton biexciton states in semiconductor quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical nonlinear effects are examined using a two-color micro-photoluminescence (micro-PL) method in a coherently coupled exciton-biexciton system in a single quantum dot (QD). PL and photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy (PLE) are employed to measure the absorption spectra of the exciton and biexciton states. PLE for Stokes and anti-Stokes PL enables us to clarify the nonlinear optical absorption properties in the lowest exciton and biexciton states. The nonlinear absorption spectra for excitons exhibit asymmetric shapes with peak and dip structures, and provide a distinct contrast to the symmetric dip structures of conventional nonlinear spectra. Theoretical analyses with a density matrix method indicate that the nonlinear spectra are caused not by a simple coherent interaction between the exciton and biexciton states but by coupling effects among exciton, biexciton and continuum states. These results indicate that Fano quantum interference effects appear in exciton-biexciton systems at QDs and offer important insights into their physics.

Gotoh, Hideki, E-mail: gotoh.hideki@lab.ntt.co.jp; Sanada, Haruki; Yamaguchi, Hiroshi; Sogawa, Tetsuomi [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

The determination of interference levels of temperature and humidity on continuous monitoring of diisocyanate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to standard conditions of 25 C and 760 mm Hg: Vs VX P X 760 T + 273 where: Vs V P T volume of air(L) 9 25 C and 760 mm Hg volume of air(L) as measured barometric pressure in mm Hg temperature of air in degree centrigrade Appendix p Equipment... of Analysis 28 Experimental Procedure . . . . . . . . . 29 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 1 x1 Qmyz, IS rqw SPIC, 0 0 Qs PL 0-- T QX S CQQ l' t D g %70% S, Qg DD jJ D ~vSwg D( , ZS 2 4a 46 ~PP:"NDIX e ":xperimen+al Condi+ions fo" &umidity...

Ryan, Donald Arden

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

352

Method of photon spectral analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spectroscopic method to rapidly measure the presence of plutonium in soils, filters, smears, and glass waste forms by measuring the uranium L-shell x-ray emissions associated with the decay of plutonium. In addition, the technique can simultaneously acquire spectra of samples and automatically analyze them for the amount of americium and [gamma]-ray emitting activation and fission products present. The samples are counted with a large area, thin-window, n-type germanium spectrometer which is equally efficient for the detection of low-energy x-rays (10-2,000 keV), as well as high-energy [gamma] rays (>1 MeV). A 8,192- or 16,384 channel analyzer is used to acquire the entire photon spectrum at one time. A dual-energy, time-tagged pulser, that is injected into the test input of the preamplifier to monitor the energy scale, and detector resolution. The L x-ray portion of each spectrum is analyzed by a linear-least-squares spectral fitting technique. The [gamma]-ray portion of each spectrum is analyzed by a standard Ge [gamma]-ray analysis program. This method can be applied to any analysis involving x- and [gamma]-ray analysis in one spectrum and is especially useful when interferences in the x-ray region can be identified from the [gamma]-ray analysis and accommodated during the x-ray analysis.

Gehrke, R.J.; Putnam, M.H.; Killian, E.W.; Helmer, R.G.; Kynaston, R.L.; Goodwin, S.G.; Johnson, L.O.

1993-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

353

Method of photon spectral analysis  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spectroscopic method to rapidly measure the presence of plutonium in soils, filters, smears, and glass waste forms by measuring the uranium L-shell x-ray emissions associated with the decay of plutonium. In addition, the technique can simultaneously acquire spectra of samples and automatically analyze them for the amount of americium and .gamma.-ray emitting activation and fission products present. The samples are counted with a large area, thin-window, n-type germanium spectrometer which is equally efficient for the detection of low-energy x-rays (10-2000 keV), as well as high-energy .gamma. rays (>1 MeV). A 8192- or 16,384 channel analyzer is used to acquire the entire photon spectrum at one time. A dual-energy, time-tagged pulser, that is injected into the test input of the preamplifier to monitor the energy scale, and detector resolution. The L x-ray portion of each spectrum is analyzed by a linear-least-squares spectral fitting technique. The .gamma.-ray portion of each spectrum is analyzed by a standard Ge .gamma.-ray analysis program. This method can be applied to any analysis involving x- and .gamma.-ray analysis in one spectrum and is especially useful when interferences in the x-ray region can be identified from the .gamma.-ray analysis and accommodated during the x-ray analysis.

Gehrke, Robert J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Putnam, Marie H. (Idaho Falls, ID); Killian, E. Wayne (Idaho Falls, ID); Helmer, Richard G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kynaston, Ronnie L. (Blackfoot, ID); Goodwin, Scott G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Johnson, Larry O. (Pocatello, ID)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

GISS ICP at Columbia University ICP Student and Teacher Research Interns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Bronx High School of Science* DeWitt Clinton High School Fieldston School John F. Kennedy High School. Sharun Paroxy Web Development Telcordia Walrus Internet Education Jacobs Ladder Art Education Outreach

355

Improvements to ICP Torches for Monitoring Trace Radionuclides by ICP-MS |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinementEtching.348 270 300 219 255RetrievalsVehiclesLaboratory

356

Measurement of Analyzing Power for Proton-Carbon Elastic Scattering in the Coulomb-Nuclear Interference Region with a 22-GeV/c Polarized Proton Beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The analyzing power for proton-carbon elastic scattering in the coulomb-nuclear interference region of momentum transfer, $9.0\\times10^{-3}power to be $\\text{Re} r_5=0.088\\pm 0.058$ and $\\text{Im} r_5=-0.161\\pm 0.226$.

J. Tojo; I. Alekseev; M. Bai; B. Bassalleck; G. Bunce; A. Deshpande; J. Doskow; S. Eilerts; D. E. Fields; Y. Goto; H. Huang; V. Hughes; K. Imai; M. Ishihara; V. Kanavets; K. Kurita; K. Kwiatkowski; B. Lewis; W. Lozowski; Y. Makdisi; H. -O. Meyer; B. V. Morozov; M. Nakamura; B. Przewoski; T. Rinckel; T. Roser; A. Rusek; N. Saito; B. Smith; D. Svirida; M. Syphers; A. Taketani; T. L. Thomas; D. Underwood; D. Wolfe; K. Yamamoto; L. Zhu

2002-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

357

Zhang/Unlicensed Mobile Access Technology AU5537_C012 Page Proof Page 229 18.4.2008 06:32pm #3 Interference Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................................231 12.2.2 Cognitive Radio and Spectrum Sharing .................................................232 into two types: licensed spectrum and licensed- exempt spectrum. The licensed spectrum is tightly be called an interference-free spectrum. However, this is not the case for license-exempt spectrum, which

358

Standard test methods for chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders and pellets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, and spectrochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium dioxide powders and pellets to determine compliance with specifications. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: Sections Plutonium Sample Handling 8 to 10 Plutonium by Controlled-Potential Coulometry Plutonium by Ceric Sulfate Titration Plutonium by Amperometric Titration with Iron(II) Plutonium by Diode Array Spectrophotometry Nitrogen by Distillation Spectrophotometry Using Nessler Reagent 11 to 18 Carbon (Total) by Direct Combustion–Thermal Conductivity 19 to 30 Total Chlorine and Fluorine by Pyrohydrolysis 31 to 38 Sulfur by Distillation Spectrophotometry 39 to 47 Plutonium Isotopic Analysis by Mass Spectrometry Rare Earth Elements by Spectroscopy 48 to 55 Trace Elements by Carrier–Distillation Spectroscopy 56 to 63 Impurities by ICP-AES Impurity Elements by Spark-Source Mass Spectrography 64 to 70 Moisture by the Coulomet...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

High temperature superconductor micro-superconducting-quantum-interference-device magnetometer for magnetization measurement of a microscale magnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a high temperature superconductor (HTS) micrometer-sized dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer for high field and high temperature operation. It was fabricated from YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-{delta}} of 92 nm in thickness with photolithography techniques to have a hole of 4x9 {mu}m{sup 2} and 2 {mu}m wide grain boundary Josephson junctions. Combined with a three dimensional magnetic field coil system, the modulation patterns of critical current I{sub c} were observed for three different field directions. They were successfully used to measure the magnetic properties of a molecular ferrimagnetic microcrystal (23x17x13 {mu}m{sup 3}), [Mn{sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(CH{sub 3}COO)][W(CN){sub 8}]{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O. The magnetization curve was obtained in magnetic field up to 0.12 T between 30 and 70 K. This is the first to measure the anisotropy of hysteresis curve in the field above 0.1 T with an accuracy of 10{sup -12} J T{sup -1} (10{sup -9} emu) with a HTS micro-SQUID magnetometer.

Takeda, Keiji [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Department of Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); CREST, JST, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Mori, Hatsumi [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); CREST, JST, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Yamaguchi, Akira; Ishimoto, Hidehiko [Institute for Solid State Physics, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba 277-8581 (Japan); Nakamura, Takayoshi [CREST, JST, Kawaguchi-shi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Kita 12 Nishi 6, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 060-0812 (Japan); Kuriki, Shinya [Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, Kita 12 Nishi 6, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 060-0812 (Japan); Hozumi, Toshiya; Ohkoshi, Shin-ichi [Department of Chemistry, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(ICP) for Al, As, Ba, Ca, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Si, Sr, and Zn; Fire AssayAtomic Absorption (AA) spectroscopy using a graphite furnace for Ag, Al3+, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Retrospective Interference Alignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the degrees of freedom of miso broadcast channels withthe X channel [17, 16] and the MISO BC [5], the interferencea DoF perspective. While the 2 user MISO BC setting easily

Maleki, Hamed; Jafar, Syed A; Shamai, Shlomo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Performance analysis and enhancement of OFDM-based WLAN systems in the presence of nonlinear HPAs and narrowband interference for single and multiple transmit antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A. T. Koc, and S. Koc, “Solid State Power Ampli?er (SSPA)for Linearization of Solid State Power Ampli?er in Mobiletwo models is the Solid State Power Ampli?er (SSPA) model

Chi, David Wei-Ting

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Hydrogen Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on Hydrogen Analysis to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

364

Standard test methods for chemical, mass spectrometric, spectrochemical, nuclear, and radiochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium nitrate solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, spectrochemical, nuclear, and radiochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium nitrate solutions to determine compliance with specifications. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: Sections Plutonium by Controlled-Potential Coulometry Plutonium by Amperometric Titration with Iron(II) Plutonium by Diode Array Spectrophotometry Free Acid by Titration in an Oxalate Solution 8 to 15 Free Acid by Iodate Precipitation-Potentiometric Titration Test Method 16 to 22 Uranium by Arsenazo I Spectrophotometric Test Method 23 to 33 Thorium by Thorin Spectrophotometric Test Method 34 to 42 Iron by 1,10-Phenanthroline Spectrophotometric Test Method 43 to 50 Impurities by ICP-AES Chloride by Thiocyanate Spectrophotometric Test Method 51 to 58 Fluoride by Distillation-Spectrophotometric Test Method 59 to 66 Sulfate by Barium Sulfate Turbidimetric Test Method 67 to 74 Isotopic Composition by Mass Spectrom...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

The computerized identification of reactor-produced isotopes in an activation analysis environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ability of a complete, positive identification appears small. How- ever, with the addition of a least squares method of resolving interferences and the application of a figure indicating the value (figure-of-merit) placed on each elimination test...THE COMPUTERIZED IDENTIFICATION OF REACTOR-PRODUCED ISOTOP ' S IN AN ACTIVATION ANALYSIS ENVIRON&vIENT A Thesi. s by DANIEI. aOIIN SCHLUETER Submitted to the Grec'u&ate College of Texas ARM University in pa. tial fulfillment o...

Schlueter, Daniel John

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

A method for estimating common cause failure probability and model parameters : the inverse stress-strength interference (ISSI) technique  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this study, an alternative for the analysis of common cause failures (CCFs) is investigated. The method studied consists of using the Licensee Event Report (LER) data to get single component failure probability and using ...

Guey, Ching Ning

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF RADIOXENON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monitoring changes in atmospheric radioxenon concentrations is a major tool in the detection of an underground nuclear explosion. Ground based systems like the Automated Radioxenon Sampler /Analyzer (ARSA), the Swedish Unattended Noble gas Analyzer (SAUNA) and the Automatic portable radiometer of isotopes Xe (ARIX), can collect and detect several radioxenon isotopes by processing and transferring samples into a high efficiency beta-gamma coincidence detector. The high efficiency beta-gamma coincidence detector makes these systems highly sensitive to the radioxenon isotopes 133Xe, 131mXe, 133mXe and 135Xe. The standard analysis uses regions of interest (ROI) to determine the amount of a particular radioxenon isotope present. The ROI method relies on the peaks of interest falling within energy limits of the ROI. Some potential problems inherent in this method are the reliance on stable detector gains and a fixed resolution for each energy peak. In addition, when a high activity sample is measured there will be more interference among the ROI, in particular within the 133Xe, 133mXe, and 131mXe regions. A solution to some of these problems can be obtained through spectral fitting of the data. Spectral fitting is simply the fitting of the peaks using known functions to determine the number and relative peak positions and widths. By knowing this information it is possible to determine which isotopes are present. Area under each peak can then be used to determine an overall concentration for each isotope. Using the areas of the peaks several key detector characteristics can be determined: efficiency, energy calibration, energy resolution and ratios between interfering isotopes (Radon daughters).

Cooper, Matthew W.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; Heimbigner, Tom R.; Hubbard, Charles W.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Schrom, Brian T.

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

368

Separation of contributions from deeply virtual Compton scattering and its interference with the Bethe--Heitler process in measurements on a hydrogen target  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hard exclusive leptoproduction of real photons from an unpolarized proton target is studied in an effort to elucidate generalized parton distributions. The data accumulated during the years 1996--2005 with the HERMES spectrometer are analyzed to yield asymmetries with respect to the combined dependence of the cross section on beam helicity and charge, thereby revealing previously unseparated contributions from deeply virtual Compton scattering and its interference with the Bethe--Heitler process. The integrated luminosity is sufficient to show correlated dependences on two kinematic variables, and provides the most precise determination of the dependence on only the beam charge.

The HERMES collaboration; A. Airapetian

2009-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

369

Application of neutron activation analysis and high resolution x-ray spectrometry for the determination of trace quantities of elements with short-lived activation products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion Interferences and Errors 3, PROCEDURES AND EXPERIMENTAL SETUP Sample Preparation Pneumatic Sample Transfer System Sample Irradiation X-ray Spectrometry Data Reduction 4. DISCUSSION AND RESULTS System Analysis Analysis Problems.... C. Roentgen made the classic observation that a highly penatrative radiation, unknown at that time, was produced when fast electrons impinged on matter. This radiation, which h called x-rays, was being studied in all parts of the world less than...

Marshall, John Richard

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oscillatory correlates of proactive interference in a recognition memory task 568.23 Marieke K. van Vugt1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) Monsell (1978): recent nega- tives paradigm Sternberg recognition memory task well-defined stimulus space chan 14 Task PLS SS Results - within-subject analysis · differences between univariate and multivariate)) Stimulus space structural vs. temporal similarity: - accuracy RT proactive inter- fer- ence (PI) summed

van Vugt, Marieke

371

Ultrasonic Phased Array Assessment of the Interference Fit and Leak Path of the North Anna Unit 2 Control Rod Drive Mechanism Nozzle 63 with Destructive Validation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonic testing (UT) for primary water leak path assessments of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) upper head penetrations. Operating reactors have experienced leakage when stress corrosion cracking of nickel-based alloy penetrations allowed primary water into the annulus of the interference fit between the penetration and the low-alloy steel RPV head. In this investigation, UT leak path data were acquired for an Alloy 600 control rod drive mechanism nozzle penetration, referred to as Nozzle 63, which was removed from the North Anna Unit 2 reactor when the RPV head was replaced in 2002. In-service inspection prior to the head replacement indicated that Nozzle 63 had a probable leakage path through the interference fit region. Nozzle 63 was examined using a phased-array UT probe with a 5.0-MHz, eight-element annular array. Immersion data were acquired from the nozzle inner diameter surface. The UT data were interpreted by comparing to responses measured on a mockup penetration with known features. Following acquisition of the UT data, Nozzle 63 was destructively examined to determine if the features identified in the UT examination, including leakage paths and crystalline boric acid deposits, could be visually confirmed. Additional measurements of boric acid deposit thickness and low-alloy steel wastage were made to assess how these factors affect the UT response. The implications of these findings for interpreting UT leak path data are described.

Crawford, Susan L.; Cinson, Anthony D.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Hanson, Brady D.; Mathews, Royce

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Selective spectroscopic methods for water analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation explores in large part the development of a few types of spectroscopic methods in the analysis of water. Methods for the determination of some of the most important properties of water like pH, metal ion content, and chemical oxygen demand are investigated in detail. This report contains a general introduction to the subject and the conclusions. Four chapters and an appendix have been processed separately. They are: chromogenic and fluorogenic crown ether compounds for the selective extraction and determination of Hg(II); selective determination of cadmium in water using a chromogenic crown ether in a mixed micellar solution; reduction of chloride interference in chemical oxygen demand determination without using mercury salts; structural orientation patterns for a series of anthraquinone sulfonates adsorbed at an aminophenol thiolate monolayer chemisorbed at gold; and the role of chemically modified surfaces in the construction of miniaturized analytical instrumentation.

Vaidya, B.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

373

Supplement Analysis for the Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In October 2002, DOE issued the Idaho High-Level Waste and Facilities Disposition Final Environmental Impact Statement (Final EIS) (DOE 2002) that provided an analysis of the potential environmental consequences of alternatives/options for the management and disposition of Sodium Bearing Waste (SBW), High-Level Waste (HL W) calcine, and HLW facilities at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) located at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL), now known as the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and referred to hereafter as the Idaho Site. Subsequent to the issuance of the Final EIS, DOE included the requirement for treatment of SBW in the Request for Proposals for Environmental Management activities on the Idaho Site. The new Idaho Cleanup Project (ICP) Contractor identified Steam Reforming as their proposed method to treat SBW; a method analyzed in the Final EIS as an option to treat SBW. The proposed Steam Reforming process for SBW is the same as in the Final EIS for retrieval, treatment process, waste form and transportation for disposal. In addition, DOE has updated the characterization data for both the HLW Calcine (BBWI 2005a) and SBW (BBWI 2004 and BBWI 2005b) and identified two areas where new calculation methods are being used to determine health and safety impacts. Because of those changes, DOE has prepared this supplement analysis to determine whether there are ''substantial changes in the proposed action that are relevant to environmental concerns'' or ''significant new circumstances or information'' within the meaning of the Council of Environmental Quality and DOE National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Regulations (40 CFR 1502.9 (c) and 10 CFR 1021.314) that would require preparation of a Supplemental EIS. Specifically, this analysis is intended to determine if: (1) the Steam Reforming Option identified in the Final EIS adequately bounds impacts from the Steam Reforming Process proposed by the new ICP Contractor using the new characterization data, (2) the new characterization data is significantly different than the data presented in the Final EIS, (3) the new calculation methods present a significant change to the impacts described in the Final EIS, and (4) would the updated characterization data cause significant changes in the environmental impacts for the action alternatives/options presented in the Final EIS. There are no other aspects of the Final EIS that require additional review because DOE has not identified any additional new significant circumstances or information that would warrant such a review.

N /A

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

374

Analysis of 129I in Groundwater Samples: Direct and Quantitative Results below the Drinking Water Standard  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to its long half-life (15.7 million years) and relatively unencumbered migration in subsurface environments, 129I has been recognized as a contaminant of concern at numerous federal, private, and international facilities. In order to understand the long-term risk associated with 129I at these locations, quantitative analysis of groundwater samples must be performed. However, the ability to quantitatively assess the 129I content in groundwater samples requires specialized extraction and sophisticated analytical techniques, which are complicated and not always available to the general scientific community. This paper highlights an analytical method capable of directly quantifying 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the MCL without the need for sample pre-concentration. Samples were analyzed on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after minimal dilution using O2 as the reaction gas. Analysis of continuing calibration verification standards indicated that the DRC mode could be used for quantitative analysis of 129I in samples below the drinking water standard (0.0057 ng/ml or 1 pCi/L). The low analytical detection limit of 129I analysis in the DRC mode coupled with minimal sample dilution (1.02x) resulted in a final sample limit of quantification of 0.0051 ng/ml. Subsequent analysis of three groundwater samples containing 129I resulted in fully quantitative results in the DRC mode, and spike recovery analyses performed on all three samples confirmed that the groundwater matrix did not adversely impact the analysis of 129I in the DRC mode. This analytical approach has been proven to be a cost-effective, high-throughput technique for the direct, quantitative analysis of 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the current MCL.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Lindberg, Michael J.

2007-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

375

Chemical analysis of thin films at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characterization of thin films produced by chemical and physical vapor deposition requires special analytical techniques. When the average compositions of the films are required, dissolution of the thin films and measurement of the concentrations of the solubilized species is the appropriate analytical approach. In this report techniques for the wet chemical analysis of thin films of Si:Al, P/sub 2/O/sub 5/:SiO/sub 2/, B/sub 2/O/sub 3/:SiO/sub 2/, TiB/sub x/ and TaB/sub x/ are described. The analyses are complicated by the small total quantities of these analytes present in the films, the refractory characters of these analytes, and the possibility of interferences from the substrates on which the films are deposited. Etching conditions are described which dissolve the thin films without introducing interferences from the substrates. A chemical amplification technique and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry are shown to provide the sensitivity required to measure the small total quantities (micrograms to milligrams) of analytes present. Also the chemical analysis data has been used to calibrate normal infrared absorption spectroscopy to give fast estimates of the phosphorus and/or boron dopant levels in thin SiO/sub 2/ films.

Tallant, D.R.; Taylor, E.L.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Image Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Recognition Image Analysis and Recognition Snapshot1498121slicesqResedison Fibers permeating imaged material (Courtesy: Bale, Loring, Perciano and Ushizima) Imagery coming from...

377

Influence of Young-type interference on the forward-backward asymmetry in electron emission from H{sub 2} in collisions with 80-MeV bare C ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use the forward-backward angular asymmetry in the electron emission cross sections in fast ion impact ionization of H{sub 2} as a probe of the inversion symmetric coherence in homonuclear diatomic molecules. The electron energy dependence of the asymmetry parameter for H{sub 2} exhibits oscillatory structure due to Young-type interference in contrast to atomic targets such as He. The asymmetry parameter technique provides a self-normalized method to reveal the interference oscillation independent of theoretical models and complementary measurements on atomic H target.

Misra, Deepankar; Kelkar, A.; Kadhane, U.; Kumar, Ajay; Tribedi, Lokesh C.; Fainstein, P. D. [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Centro Atomico Bariloche, Av. E. Bustillo 9500, 8400 San Carlos De Bariloche (Argentina)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Topography, complex refractive index, and conductivity of graphene layers measured by correlation of optical interference contrast, atomic force, and back scattered electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical phase shift by reflection on graphene is measured by interference contrast microscopy. The height profile across graphene layers on 300?nm thick SiO{sub 2} on silicon is derived from the phase profile. The complex refractive index and conductivity of graphene layers on silicon with 2?nm thin SiO{sub 2} are evaluated from a phase profile, while the height profile of the layers is measured by atomic force microscopy. It is observed that the conductivity measured on thin SiO{sub 2} is significantly greater than on thick SiO{sub 2}. Back scattered electron contrast of graphene layers is correlated to the height of graphene layers.

Vaupel, Matthias, E-mail: Matthias.vaupel@zeiss.com; Dutschke, Anke [Training Application Support Center, Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH, Königsallee 9-21, 37081 Göttingen (Germany); Wurstbauer, Ulrich; Pasupathy, Abhay [Department of Physics, Columbia University New York, 538 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Hitzel, Frank [DME Nanotechnologie GmbH, Geysostr. 13, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

379

Phase-space interference of states optically truncated by quantum scissors: Generation of distinct superpositions of qudit coherent states by displacement of vacuum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conventional Glauber coherent states (CS) can be defined in several equivalent ways, e.g., by displacing the vacuum or, explicitly, by their infinite Poissonian expansion in Fock states. It is well known that these definitions become inequivalent if applied to finite $d$-level systems (qudits). We present a comparative Wigner-function description of the qudit CS defined (i) by the action of the truncated displacement operator on the vacuum and (ii) by the Poissonian expansion in Fock states of the Glauber CS truncated at $(d-1)$-photon Fock state. These states can be generated from a classical light by its optical truncation using nonlinear and linear quantum scissors devices, respectively. We show a surprising effect that a macroscopically distinguishable superposition of two qudit CS (according to both definitions) can be generated with high fidelity by displacing the vacuum in the qudit Hilbert space. If the qudit dimension $d$ is even (odd) then the superposition state contains Fock states with only odd (even) photon numbers, which can be referred to as the odd (even) qudit CS or the female (male) Schr\\"odinger cat state. This phenomenon can be interpreted as an interference of a single CS with its reflection from the highest-energy Fock state of the Hilbert space, as clearly seen via phase-space interference of the Wigner function. We also analyze nonclassical properties of the qudit CS including their photon-number statistics and nonclassical volume of the Wigner function, which is a quantitative parameter of nonclassicality (quantumness) of states. Finally, we study optical tomograms, which can be directly measured in the homodyne detection of the analyzed qudit cat states and enable the complete reconstructions of their Wigner functions.

Adam Miranowicz; Malgorzata Paprzycka; Anirban Pathak; Franco Nori

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

380

Quantitative analysis of phosphosilicate glass films: Sandia segment of round robin study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following our previous work on the analysis of phosphosilicate glass films and preparation of calibration standards, we were asked by Division 2141 to participate in an interlaboratory study to develop thin film calibration standards for use by the microcircuits industry. Sandia, Rockwell, Signetics, Balazs Laboratories and Kevex are the initial participants in this study; Bell Labs, Western Electric, NBS, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Intel have also expressed interest in joining the study. We analyzed two sets of 4-inch silicon wafers, which were coated with phosphosilicate glass film using an atmospheric chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process. These samples were analyzed by chemically dissolving the film and determining the P and Si content of the resultant solution using inductively coupled plasma (ICP) atomic emission spectroscopy. As part of the experimental work, we conducted a complete analysis of all errors in the measurement process. The average weight percent phosphorus (+- 1 standard deviation) was 3.78 +- 0.15 for set 1 and 10.3 +- 0.73 for set 2. The average relative error was 6.32% and 5.54% for sets 1 and 2, respectively.

Weissman, S.H.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Microsoft Word - icp11001CXPostForm.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

as municipal landfills, hazardous waste dumps, irrigation discharge, soil sludge and sediment, and bulk material; (d) collection of solid, liquid, or air samples from closed...

382

Operating Procedures for the SAMCO ICP RIE System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

flows, RF power supplies He back side cooling system and active recipe. In the figure above, the various high- density plasma that is created through the use of two RF power supplies. In addition, the system.................................................................................................................. 9 3. RF Power Supplies

Reif, Rafael

383

Microsoft Word - ICP-10-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of 64 drums of unirradiated fabricated single rods consisting of U0 2 ThO 2 fuel pellets in zirconium rods and one drum with two short rods and miscellaneous bagged pellets....

384

Microsoft Word - ICP-12-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Inspection actions include verifying there are no WIPP-prohibited items, collecting radiation dose and contamination information and repacking waste in an appropriate...

385

Mass Spectrometer: Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-MS), Multi...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was completed in February 2011. Although no research has been performed beyond an initial exploration of the Neptune's capabilities, potential users have been contacted in both the...

386

Improving ICP with Easy Implementation for Free Form Surface Matching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the information bridging points in different images. But these kinds of information cannot guarantee

Liu, Yonghuai

387

Monitoring Trace Radionuclides by ICP Mass Spectrometry with Femtosecond  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment SurfacesResource ProgramModification andinterface of water.OrganicNov 4 5 6Laser

388

Mass Spectrometer: Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-MS), High Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fund LasDubey selected asMaratMary Louise(Element XR) |

389

Microsoft Word - ICP-10-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Tank Waste System Plan Rev212-00110

390

Microsoft Word - ICP-11-005webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Tank Waste System Plan Rev212-001105

391

Microsoft Word - ICP-11-007webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Tank Waste System Plan Rev212-0011057

392

Microsoft Word - ICP-12-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Tank Waste System Plan

393

Microsoft Word - ICP-13-004webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: Tank Waste System Plan4 CX Posting

394

Microsoft Word - icp11001CXPostForm.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challenge fundProject8 -3 Subject: TridentSummary:23: Segregated

395

OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS This test method is a good routine test for the overall condition of the oil, the cleanliness, and can indicate the presence of wear metals that could be coming of magnetic metal particles within the oil. This may represent metals being worn from components (i

396

Financial Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The first step in financing a street lighting retrofit is a detailed financial analysis. Because street lighting systems are designed to last ten or twenty years, or even longer, all aspects of first costs, ongoing expenses, and long-term savings are important. While a preliminary or first-level analysis can be used to determine such things as simple payback, rate of return, and cost of light, the results may neglect a number of important economic considerations, such as the time value of money, additional savings and expenses and their relative timing, and future energy price escalations. Hence a first-level analysis does not typically provide the end user with sufficient details to make a fully informed decision. For this reason, the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) recommends a full life cycle cost/benefit analysis (LCCBA).

397

Supply Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supply Chain Analysis Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, TN experience in supply chain analysis and automated support for supply chain systems. ORNL's Capabilities Optimization modeling for supply chain systems, including: Facility number and location analysis

398

Interference of fission amplitudes of neutron resonances and T-odd asymmetry for various prescission third particles in the ternary fission of nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for reactions of the true ternary fission of nuclei that was induced by cold polarized neutrons were constructed with allowance of the effect that Coriolis interaction and the interference between fission amplitudes of neutron resonances excited in fissile nuclei upon incidentneutron capture by target nuclei exerted on angular distributions of prescission third particles (alpha particles, neutrons, or photons). It is shown that T -odd TRI- and ROT-type asymmetries for prescission alpha particles are associated with, respectively, the odd and even components of the Coriolis interaction-perturbed amplitude of angular distributions of particles belonging to the types indicated above. These asymmetries have angular distributions differing from each other and stemming from a nontrivial dependence of these components on the neutron-resonance spins J{sub s} and their projections K{sub s} onto the symmetry axis of the nucleus involved. It is shown that angular distributions of prescission photons and neutrons from reactions of the ternary fission of nuclei that is induced by cold polarized neutrons are determined by the effect of Coriolis forces exclusively. Therefore, the emerging T-odd asymmetries have a character of a ROT-type asymmetry and are universal for all target nuclei.

Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation); Bunakov, V. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Kadmensky, S. S. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

399

Performance Study of Hybrid DS/FFH Spread-Spectrum Systems in the Presence of Frequency-Selective Fading and Multiple-Access Interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid spread-spectrum (HSS) systems have recently received considerable interest in commercial, Smart Grid, and military communication systems because they accommodate high data rates with high link integrity, even in the presence of significant multipath effects and interfering signals. A highly useful form of this modulation scheme is the specific code-related combination of standard direct-sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) with fast frequency-hopping (FFH) spread spectrum, denoted hybrid DS/FFH, wherein multiple frequency hops occur within a single data-bit time. In this paper we perform a simulation-based study of the DS/FFH performance as compared to the existing standard DSSS and FHSS wireless networks. The performance metrics are bit-error probability and multiple-access capability. The parameter space of DS/FFH, including the DS spreading rate, frequency hopping rate, carrier frequencies, and numbers of users, is explored to show its performance under frequency-selective Rayleigh fading environments and multiuser interference. Direct digital synthesizers to achieve fast hopping speeds are also considered in our study.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Smith, Stephen Fulton [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Ma, Xiao [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Laser Doppler sensor employing a single fan-shaped interference fringe system for distance and shape measurement of laterally moving objects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For monitoring the position and shape of fast moving and, especially, rotating objects such as turbo machine rotors, contactless and compact sensors with a high measurement rate as well as high precision are required. We present for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, a novel laser Doppler sensor employing a single fan-shaped interference fringe system, which allows measuring for the position and shape of fast moving solid bodies with known tangential velocity. It is shown theoretically as well as experimentally that this sensor offers concurrently high position resolution and high temporal resolution in contrast to conventional measurement techniques, since its measurement uncertainty is, in principle, independent of the object velocity. Moreover, it can be built very compact, because it features low complexity. To prove its operational capability and its potential for practical applications, radial and axial shape measurements of rotating bodies are demonstrated in comparison with triangulation. An average position resolution of about 2 {mu}m could be achieved.

Pfister, Thorsten; Buettner, Lars; Czarske, Juergen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A Measurement of the Interference Structure Function, R_LT, for the 12C(e,e'p) reaction in the Quasielastic Region  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The coincidence cross-section and the interference structure function, R_LT, were measured for the 12C(e,e'p) 11B reaction at quasielastic kinematics and central momentum transfer of q=400 MeV/c. The measurement was at an opening angle of theta_pq=11 degrees, covering a range in missing energy of E_m = 0 to 65 MeV. The R_LT structure function is found to be consistent with zero for E_m > 50 MeV, confirming an earlier study which indicated that R_L vanishes in this region. The integrated strengths of the p- and s-shell are compared with a Distorted Wave Impulse Approximation calculation. The s-shell strength and shape are compared with a Hartree Fock-Random Phase Approximation calculation. The DWIA calculation overestimates the cross sections for p- and s-shell proton knockout as expected, but surprisingly agrees with the extracted R_LT value for both shells. The HF-RPA calculation describes the data more consistently, which may be due to the inclusion of 2-body currents in this calculation.

M. Holtrop; D. Jordan; T. McIlvain; R. Alarcon; R. Beck; W. Bertozzi; V. Bhushan; W. Boeglin; J. P. Chen; D. Dale; G. Dodson; S. Dolfini; K. Dow; J. Dzengeleski; M. B. Epstein; M. Farkhondeh; S. Gilad; J. Gorgen; K. Joo; J. Kelsey; W. Kim; R. Laszewski; R. Lourie; J. Mandeville; D. Margaziotis; D. Martinez; R. Miskimen; C. Papanicolas; S. Penn; W. Sapp; A. J. Sarty; D. Tieger; C. Tschalaer; W. Turchinetz; G. Warren; L. Weinstein; S. Williamson

1998-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

402

Intrinsic Chirality and Prochirality at Air/R-(+)- and S-(-)-Limonene Interfaces: Spectral Signatures with Interference Chiral Sum-Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report in this work detailed measurements on the chiral and achiral sum-frequency vibrational spectra in the C-H stretching vibration region (2800-3050cm-1) of the air/liquid interfaces of R-limonene and S-limonene, using the recently developed high-resolution broadband sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (HR-BB-SFG-VS). The achiral SFG spectra of R-limonene and S-limonene, as well as the equal amount (50/50) racemic mixture show that the enantiomers are with the same interfacial orientations. The interference chiral SFG spectra of the limonene enantiomers exhibit spectral signature from chiral response of the C?-H stretching mode, and spectral signature from prochiral response of the CH2 asymmetric stretching mode, respectively. The chiral spectral feature of the C?-H stretching mode changes sign from R-limonene to S-limonene, and disappears for the 50/50 racemic mixture. While the prochiral spectral feature of the CH2 asymmetric stretching mode is the same for R-limonene and S-limonene, and also surprisingly remains the same for the 50/50 racemic mixture. These results provided detail information in understanding the structure and chirality of molecular interfaces, and demonstrated the sensitivity and potential of SFG-VS as unique spectroscopic tool for chirality characterization and chiral recognition at the molecular interface.

Fu, Li; Zhang, Yun; Wei, Zhehao; Wang, Hongfei

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

403

Relative yields of U-235 fission products measured in a high level radioactive sludge at Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents measurements of the concentrations of 42 of the long-lived U-235 fission products in a high-level radioactive waste sludge stored at Savannah River Site. The 42 fision products make up 98% of the waste sludge. We used inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy for the analysis. The relative yields for most of the fission products are in complete agreement with the known relative yields for the beta decay chains of the two asymmetric branches of the slow neutron fission of U-235. Disagreements can be reconciled based on the chemistry of the fission products in the caustic waste sludges, the neutron fluences in SRS reactors, or interferences in the ICP-MS analyses. This paper presents measurements of the concentrations of 42 (98%) of the long-lived U-235 fission products in a high-level radioactive waste sludge stored at the Savannah River Site. We analyzed the sludge with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy. The relative yields for most of the fission products agree completely with the known relative vields for the beta decay chains of the two asymmetric: branches of the slow neutron fission of U-235. The chemistry of the fission products in the caustic waste sludges, the neutron fluences in SRS reactors, or interferences in the ICP-MS analyses explain the differences in the measured and calculated results.

Bibler, N.E.; Coleman, C.J. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Kinard, W.F. [Charleston Coll., SC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Relative yields of U-235 fission products measured in a high level radioactive sludge at Savannah River Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents measurements of the concentrations of 42 of the long-lived U-235 fission products in a high-level radioactive waste sludge stored at Savannah River Site. The 42 fision products make up 98% of the waste sludge. We used inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy for the analysis. The relative yields for most of the fission products are in complete agreement with the known relative yields for the beta decay chains of the two asymmetric branches of the slow neutron fission of U-235. Disagreements can be reconciled based on the chemistry of the fission products in the caustic waste sludges, the neutron fluences in SRS reactors, or interferences in the ICP-MS analyses. This paper presents measurements of the concentrations of 42 (98%) of the long-lived U-235 fission products in a high-level radioactive waste sludge stored at the Savannah River Site. We analyzed the sludge with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectroscopy. The relative yields for most of the fission products agree completely with the known relative vields for the beta decay chains of the two asymmetric: branches of the slow neutron fission of U-235. The chemistry of the fission products in the caustic waste sludges, the neutron fluences in SRS reactors, or interferences in the ICP-MS analyses explain the differences in the measured and calculated results.

Bibler, N.E.; Coleman, C.J. (Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States)); Kinard, W.F. (Charleston Coll., SC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Methods for preparing comparative standards and field samples for neutron activation analysis of soil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the more difficult problems associated with comparative neutron activation analysis (CNAA) is the preparation of standards which are tailor-made to the desired irradiation and counting conditions. Frequently, there simply is not a suitable standard available commercially, or the resulting gamma spectrum is convoluted with interferences. In a recent soil analysis project, the need arose for standards which contained about 35 elements. In response, a computer spreadsheet was developed to calculate the appropriate amount of each element so that the resulting gamma spectrum is relatively free of interferences. Incorporated in the program are options for calculating all of the irradiation and counting parameters including activity produced, necessary flux/bombardment time, counting time, and appropriate source-to-detector distance. The result is multi-element standards for CNAA which have optimal concentrations. The program retains ease of use without sacrificing capability. In addition to optimized standard production, a novel soil homogenization technique was developed which is a low cost, highly efficient alternative to commercially available homogenization systems. Comparative neutron activation analysis for large scale projects has been made easier through these advancements. This paper contains details of the design and function of the NAA spreadsheet and innovative sample handling techniques.

Glasgow, D.C.; Dyer, F.F.; Robinson, L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Development of a flow injection analysis method for the determination of acrylamide copolymers in oilfield brines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An automated method for the determination of acrylamide polymers by flow injection analysis (FIA) has been developed and optimized for routine use. The method has been extensively tested for interferences common in oilfield brines. Potential interferences were examined from Na{sup +}, Ca{sup 2+}, Cr{sup 3+}, Al{sup 3+}, Zr{sup 3+}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, Cl{sup {minus}}, OH{sup {minus}}, CO{sub 3}{sup 2{minus}}, sample coloration, and commonly used surfactants. The analysis is specific for amides, and the sensitivity to concentration of amide groups in the polymer was shown to be constant as the degree of polymer hydrolysis was varied. The range of the method is 0.1 to 100 mg/L. Sample throughput is 30 samples/h with triplicate analysis. Relative standard deviations of 0.2% are readily obtained from standard solutions and 0.5% from complex samples (at 50 mg/L). The method is applicable to the determination of aqueous, acrylamide-based polymers in process streams, surface waters and oilfield brines.

Taylor, K.C.; Burke, R.A.; Schramm, L.L. [Petroleum Recovery Inst., Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Nasr-El-Din, H.A. [Saudi Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Economic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Performance and Stability Analysis of a Shrouded-Fan UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper deals with the estimation of the performance and stability for a shrouded-fan unmanned rotorcraft whose mission profile also prescribes the flight in ground effect. The not so simple estimation of the aerodynamic coefficients and of the thrust in the various situations makes the performance calculation and the stability analysis difficult tasks. This is due to the strong interaction between the fan flow and shroud that causes quite different flow structures about the airframe depending on flight conditions. A further difficulty is related to the ground effect which produces substantial modifications in the rotor thrust and aerodynamic coefficients. To evaluate performance and stability, two models have been developed. One determines the aerodynamic coefficients of the shroud, whereas the other one calculates thrust and moment of the rotors system. Both models take into account the mutual interference between fan flow and fuselage and ground effect. Performance and stability are then discussed with ...

de Divitiis, Nicola

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Interference Channel with State Information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

get through the difficult times, and for all the emotional support, camaraderie, entertainment, and caring that they provided. Lastly, but most importantly, this dissertation is dedicated to my parents, Qin Zhang and Xiufeng Li, and my sister...

Zhang, Lili

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Supplement Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security AdministrationcontrollerNanocrystalline Gallium OxideSuminDeposition ofSupplement Analysis

411

Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. A self-appraisal helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. The material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) fault tree was developed to depict the failure of the MPC&A system as a result of poor practices and random failures in the MC&A system. It can also be employed as a basis for assessing deliberate threats against a facility. MSET uses fault tree analysis, which is a top-down approach to examining system failure. The analysis starts with identifying a potential undesirable event called a 'top event' and then determining the ways it can occur (e.g., 'Fail To Maintain Nuclear Materials Under The Purview Of The MC&A System'). The analysis proceeds by determining how the top event can be caused by individual or combined lower level faults or failures. These faults, which are the causes of the top event, are 'connected' through logic gates. The MSET model uses AND-gates and OR-gates and propagates the effect of event failure using Boolean algebra. To enable the fault tree analysis calculations, the basic events in the fault tree are populated with probability risk values derived by conversion of questionnaire data to numeric values. The basic events are treated as independent variables. This assumption affects the Boolean algebraic calculations used to calculate results. All the necessary calculations are built into the fault tree codes, but it is often useful to estimate the probabilities manually as a check on code functioning. The probability of failure of a given basic event is the probability that the basic event primary question fails to meet the performance metric for that question. The failure probability is related to how well the facility performs the task identified in that basic event over time (not just one performance or exercise). Fault tree calculations provide a failure probability for the top event in the fault tree. The basic fault tree calculations establish a baseline relative risk value for the system. This probability depicts relative risk, not absolute risk. Subsequent calculations are made to evaluate the change in relative risk that would occur if system performance is improved or degraded. During the development effort of MSET, the fault tree analysis program used was SAPHIRE. SAPHIRE is an acronym for 'Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations.' Version 1 of the SAPHIRE code was sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1987 as an innovative way to draw, edit, and analyze graphical fault trees primarily for safe operation of nuclear power reactors. When the fault tree calculations are performed, the fault tree analysis program will produce several reports that can be used to analyze the MPC&A system. SAPHIRE produces reports showing risk importance factors for all basic events in the operational MC&A system. The risk importance information is used to examine the potential impacts when performance of certain basic events increases or decreases. The initial results produced by the SAPHIRE program are considered relative risk values. None of the results can be interpreted as absolute risk values since the basic event probability values represent estimates of risk associated with the performance of MPC&A tasks throughout the material balance area (MBA). The RRR for a basic event represents the decrease in total system risk that would result from improvement of that one event to a perfect performance level. Improvement of the basic event with the greatest RRR value produces a greater decrease in total system risk than improvement of any other basic event. Basic events with the greatest potential for system risk reduction are assigned performance improvement values, and new fault tree calculations show the improvement in total system risk. The ope

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Strategic Analysis and Modeling  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

analysis Conceptual Process Design Material and Energy Balance Capital and Project Cost Estimates Environmental Sustainability Analysis R&D DOE Goals Economic Analysis...

413

Economic Analysis of Policy Effects Analysis Platform  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Economic Analysis of Policy Effects Analysis Platform March 24, 2015 Jason Hansen, PhD Idaho National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential,...

414

NREL: Energy Analysis - Market Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions and Achievements ofLiz Torres Photo of Liz Torres LizMarket Analysis

415

Laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry: Examinations of the origins of polyatomic ions and advances in the sampling of particulates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation provides a general introduction to Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation (LA) sampling, with an examination of analytical challenges in the employment of this technique. It discusses the origin of metal oxide ions (MO+) in LA-ICP-MS, as well as the effect of introducing helium and nitrogen to the aerosol gas flow on the formation of these polyatomic interferences. It extends the study of polyatomic ions in LA-ICP-MS to metal argide (MAr+) species, an additional source of possible significant interferences in the spectrum. It describes the application of fs-LA-ICP-MS to the determination of uranium isotope ratios in particulate samples.

Witte, Travis

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

416

Hazard Analysis Database report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes and defines the Hazard Analysis Database for the Tank Waste Remediation System Final Safety Analysis Report.

Niemi, B.J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

Hazard analysis results report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes and defines the Hazard Analysis Results for the Tank Waste Remediation System Final Safety Analysis Report.

Niemi, B.J., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

418

E-Print Network 3.0 - actively forming gypsum Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for formation of gypsum) for the reference solution... by ICP-mass spectroscopy analysis for calcium. 4. Results and discussion Gypsum scale can form due... of...

419

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analytical Development Leeman Prodigy and Perkin Elmer Optima 3000 Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometers (ICPES) perform elemental analysis on liquid samples. B3.6 -...

420

Uncertainty analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An evaluation is made of the suitability of analytical and statistical sampling methods for making uncertainty analyses. The adjoint method is found to be well-suited for obtaining sensitivity coefficients for computer programs involving large numbers of equations and input parameters. For this purpose the Latin Hypercube Sampling method is found to be inferior to conventional experimental designs. The Latin hypercube method can be used to estimate output probability density functions, but requires supplementary rank transformations followed by stepwise regression to obtain uncertainty information on individual input parameters. A simple Cork and Bottle problem is used to illustrate the efficiency of the adjoint method relative to certain statistical sampling methods. For linear models of the form Ax=b it is shown that a complete adjoint sensitivity analysis can be made without formulating and solving the adjoint problem. This can be done either by using a special type of statistical sampling or by reformulating the primal problem and using suitable linear programming software.

Thomas, R.E.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

On traffic analysis attacks and countermeasures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To detect the connectivity of a flow, an adversary may embed a recognizable pattern of marks into traffic flows by interference. We have proposed new countermeasures based on the digital filtering technology. Experimental results have demonstrated...

Fu, Xinwen

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

422

Design and analysis of FIR filters based on Matlab.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In digital control system, interference, which is mixed in the input signal, has a great influence on the performance of the system. Therefore, processing… (more)

Peng, Su

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

relationship between the sensor orientation and the received artificial electromagnetic interference, influence of weather conditions on the data quality and so on. The results...

424

analysis methodology volume: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coexistence in order to evaluate the impact interference may have on network peformance Eaton Corporation InnovationCenter. complimentary wireless solutions for connectivity....

425

analysis methodology acram: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coexistence in order to evaluate the impact interference may have on network peformance Eaton Corporation InnovationCenter. complimentary wireless solutions for connectivity....

426

Collection and Analysis of Reservoir Data from Testing and Operation...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and during testing of the plant itself, data can be collected and used to calibrate computer models, refine predicted drawdowns and interference effects, monitor changing...

427

Fish scale deformation analysis using scanning electron microscope: New potential biomarker in aquatic environmental monitoring of aluminum and iron contamination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fish scale has the potential to be a rapid biomarker due to its structure and high possibility to come into contact with any pollutant in the aquatic environment. The scale structure consists of osteoblastic cells and other bone materials such as collagen where it is possible to form a molecular complex with heavy metals such as aluminum and iron. Hence, aluminum and iron in water could possibly destroy the scale material and marked as a scale deformation that quantitatively could be analyzed by comparing it to the normal scale structure. Water sampling and fish cage experiment were performed between June and July 2011 in Porong river which represented the water body that has high aluminum and iron contamination. The filtered water samples were preserved and extracted using the acid-mixture procedure prior to measurement of the aluminum and iron concentrations using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES), while samples for total suspended solid (TSS) analysis were kept at 4 °C in cool-boxes. The scales were cleaned with sterile water, then dehydrated in 30, 50, 70, and 90% ethanol and dried on filter papers. They were then mounted on an aluminum stub and coated with gold in a sputter coater prior to Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) observation. According to the SEM analysis, it was found that there were several deformations on the scale samples taken from sites that have high concentrations of aluminum and iron i.e. the increasing number of pits, deformation and decreasing number of spherules and ridges while the control scale exhibited the normal features. However, the site with higher TSS and pH indicated lower aluminum effect. A moderate correlation was found between the number of pits with aluminum (r=0.43) and iron (r=0.41) concentrations. Fish scale deformation using SEM analysis can potentially be a rapid biomarker in aquatic monitoring of aluminum and iron contamination. However, the measurement must be accompanied by pH and TSS observations.

Hidayati, Dewi; Sulaiman, Norela; Othman, Shuhaimi; Ismail, B. S. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

428

Utilization Analysis Page 1 UTILIZATION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilization Analysis Page 1 UTILIZATION ANALYSIS Section 46a-68-40 and HIRING/PROMOTION GOALS utilized in the Health Center's workforce, the numbers of protected classes in the workforce must conducted for each occupational category and position classification. The Utilization Analysis was performed

Oliver, Douglas L.

429

Robustness Analysis Michael Weisberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Robustness Analysis Michael Weisberg University of Pennsylvania September 14, 2005 Abstract Modelers often rely on robustness analysis, the search for predic- tions common to several independent models. Robustness analysis has been characterized and championed by Richard Levins and William Wimsatt

Weisberg, Michael

430

chemical analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

chemical analysis chemical analysis Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

431

Laser Desorption Analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Desorption Analysis Laser Desorption Analysis EMSL offers a suite of instrumentation dedicated to understanding photoreactivity in the condensed phase, on surfaces, and at...

432

Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of Potential Clean...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of Potential Clean Energy Policy Options for the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative Clean Energy Policy Analysis: Impact Analysis of...

433

Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells The Fuel Cell Technologies Office's...

434

Texas LoanSTAR Monitoring and Analysis Program Draft Plan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mechanism to fund energy-conserving retrofits of state, public school and local government buildings. Retrofit projects will be identified by energy audits conducted according to the guidelines of the Texas State Energy Conservation Program (SECP). Each... energy savings projected from the retrofit projects. Public schools and local governments are targeted for Phase II of LoanSTAR. Previous engineering audits of these facilities conducted under the Institutional Conservation Program (ICP) revealed...

Claridge, D. E.; Haberl, J. S.; Heffington, W. M.; O'Neal, D. L.; Turner, W. D.; Etheredge, R.; Glass, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Enhanced reaction rates in NDP analysis with neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron depth profiling (NDP) makes accessible quantitative information on a few isotopic concentration profiles ranging from the surface into the sample a few micrometers. Because the candidate analytes for NDP are few, there is little interference encountered. Furthermore, neutrons have no charge so mixed chemical states in the sample are of no direct concern. There are a few nuclides that exhibit large probabilities for neutron scattering. The effect of neutron scattering on NDP measurements has not previously been evaluated as a basis for either enhancing the reaction rates or as a source of measurement error. Hydrogen is a common element exhibiting large neutron scattering probability found in or around sample volumes being analyzed by NDP. A systematic study was conducted to determine the degree of signal change when neutron scattering occurs during analysis. The relative signal perturbation was evaluated for materials of varied neutron scattering probability, concentration, total mass, and geometry. Signal enhancements up to 50% are observed when the hydrogen density is high and in close proximity to the region of analysis with neutron beams of sub thermal energies. Greater signal enhancements for the same neutron number density are reported for thermal neutron beams. Even adhesive tape used to position the sample produces a measureable signal enhancement. Because of the shallow volume, negligible distortion of the NDP measured profile shape is encountered from neutron scattering.

Downing, R. Gregory, E-mail: gregory.downing@nist.gov [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Chemical Sciences Division, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

K Basins Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062, Rev.4). This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

WEBB, R.H.

1999-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

437

K Basin Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Final Safety Analysis Report. This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report.

PECH, S.H.

2000-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

438

Standard test method for analysis of isotopic composition of uranium in nuclear-grade fuel material by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of the isotopic composition of uranium (U) in nuclear-grade fuel material. The following isotopic weight percentages are determined using a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (Q-ICP-MS): 233U, 234U, 235U, 236U, and 238U. The analysis can be performed on various material matrices after acid dissolution and sample dilution into water or dilute nitric (HNO3) acid. These materials include: fuel product, uranium oxide, uranium oxide alloys, uranyl nitrate (UNH) crystals, and solutions. The sample preparation discussed in this test method focuses on fuel product material but may be used for uranium oxide or a uranium oxide alloy. Other preparation techniques may be used and some references are given. Purification of the uranium by anion-exchange extraction is not required for this test method, as it is required by other test methods such as radiochemistry and thermal ionization mass spectroscopy (TIMS). This test method is also described i...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Elemental analysis by microwave-assisted laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: Evaluation on ceramics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,2 These sources are usually flames or plasmas: arcs, sparks, plasma jets, inductively coupled plasma (ICP), high demonstrated the signal enhancement ability of their LAMPS (Laser-Assisted Microwave Plasma Spectroscopy utilizing interaction between microwave radiation and laser-induced plasma has been evaluated. Experimental

Richardson, Martin C.

440

Quantitative analysis of phosphosilicate glass films on silicon wafers for calibration of x-ray fluorescence spectrometry standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phosphorus and silicon contents of phosphosilicate glass films deposited by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on silicon wafers were determined. These films were prepared for use as x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry standards. The thin films were removed from the wafer by etching with dilute hydrofluoric acid, and the P and Si concentrations in solution were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP). The calculated phosphorus concentration ranged from 2.2 to 12 wt %, with an uncertainty of 2.73 to 10.1 relative percent. Variation between the calculated weight loss (summation of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ and SiO/sub 2/ amounts as determined by ICP) and the measured weight loss (determined gravimetrically) averaged 4.9%. Results from the ICP method, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), dispersive infrared spectroscopy, electron microprobe, and x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy for the same samples are compared.

Weissman, S.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Transition of Iodine Analysis to Accelerator Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NA 22 funded research project investigated the transition of iodine isotopic analyses from thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) to an accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) system. Previous work (Fiscal Year 2010) had demonstrated comparable data from TIMS and AMS. With AMS providing comparable data with improved background levels and vastly superior sample throughput, improvement in the sample extraction from environmental sample matrices was needed to bring sample preparation throughput closer to the operation level of the instrument. Previous research used an extraction chemistry that was not optimized for yield or refined for reduced labor to prove the principle. This research was done to find an extraction with better yield using less labor per sample to produce a sample ready for the AMS instrument. An extraction method using tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAH) was developed for removal of iodine species from high volume air filters. The TMAH with gentle heating was superior to the following three extraction methods: ammonium hydroxide aided by sonication, acidic and basic extraction aided by microwave, and ethanol mixed with sodium hydroxide. Taking the iodine from the extraction solvent to being ready for AMS analysis was accomplished by a direct precipitation, as well as, using silver wool to harvest the iodine from the TMAH. Portions of the same filters processed in FY 2010 were processed again with the improved extraction scheme followed by successful analysis by AMS at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. The data favorably matched the data obtained in 2010. The time required for analysis has been reduced over the aqueous extraction/AMS approach developed in FY 2010. For a hypothetical batch of 30 samples, the AMS methodology is about 10 times faster than the traditional gas phase chemistry and TIMS analysis. As an additional benefit, background levels for the AMS method are about 1000 times lower than TIMS. This results from the fundamental mechanisms of ionization in the AMS system and which produces a beneficial cleanup of molecular interferences. Continued clean operation of the extraction process was demonstrated through blank analysis included with all sample sets analyzed. INL work showed improvement on the first year’s demonstration of AMS vs. TIMS. An improved extraction of high volume air filters followed by isotopic analysis by AMS, can be used successfully to make iodine measurements with results comparable to those obtained by filter combustion and TIMS analysis. More progress on the conversion from an extract solution to an AMS sample ready for analysis is still needed. Although the preparation scheme through AMS is already at a higher performing thoughput than TIMS, the chemical preparation cannot match the instrument capability for number of samples per day without further development.

M. L. Adamic; J. E. Olson; D. D. Jenson; J. G. Eisenmenger; M. G. Watrous

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

FY12 Final Report for PL10-Mod Separations-PD12: Electrochemically Modulated Separation of Plutonium from Dilute and Concentrated Dissolver Solutions for Analysis by Gamma Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate and timely analysis of plutonium in spent nuclear fuel is critical in nuclear safeguards for detection of both protracted and rapid plutonium diversions. Gamma spectroscopy is a viable method for accurate and timely measurements of plutonium provided that the plutonium is well separated from the interfering fission and activation products present in spent nuclear fuel. Electrochemically modulated separation (EMS) is a method that has been used successfully to isolate picogram amounts of Pu from nitric acid matrices. With EMS, Pu adsorption may be turned “on” and “off” depending on the applied voltage, allowing for collection and stripping of Pu without the addition of chemical reagents. In this work, we have scaled up the EMS process to isolate microgram quantities of Pu from matrices encountered in spent nuclear fuel during reprocessing. Several challenges have been addressed including surface area limitations, radiolysis effects, electrochemical cell performance stability, and chemical interferences. After these challenges were resolved, 6 µg Pu was deposited in the electrochemical cell with approximately an 800-fold reduction of fission and activation product levels from a spent nuclear fuel sample. Modeling showed that these levels of Pu collection and interference reduction may not be sufficient for Pu detection by gamma spectroscopy. The main remaining challenges are to achieve a more complete Pu isolation and to deposit larger quantities of Pu for successful gamma analysis of Pu. If gamma analyses of Pu are successful, EMS will allow for accurate and timely on-site analysis for enhanced Pu safeguards.

Pratt, Sandra H.; Arrigo, Leah M.; Duckworth, Douglas C.; Cloutier, Janet M.; Breshears, Andrew T.; Schwantes, Jon M.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Tree Fertilization Soil Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, increase root density, maintain tree health #12;#12;pH ­ effects nutrient availability · Symptoms of high pHTree Fertilization #12;Soil Analysis vs. Foliar Analysis #12;Macronutrients N P K Mg S Ca

444

Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Photovoltaics Life Cycle Analysis Vasilis Fthenakis Center of Life Cycle Analysis Earth & Environmental Engineering Department Columbia University and National Photovoltaic (PV) EHS Research Center (air, water, solid) M, Q E PV array Photovoltaic modules Balance of System (BOS) (Inverters

445

Hydrogen Analysis Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL factsheet that describes the general activites of the Hydrogen Analysis Group within NREL's Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

Not Available

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Draft regulatory analysis: notice of proposed rulemaking motor gasoline allocation revisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Draft Regulatory Analysis is prepared for those proposed regulations which either may have a major impact on the general economy, individual industries, or geographic regions and levels of government, or may be significant in that they affect important DOE policy concerns and are the object of public interest. The problems and proposed solutions for the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Public Hearings on the Motor Gasoline Allocation Program are examined. The ERA's mandate for this program is set out in the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act of 1973. Under this Act, the President is empowered to enforce, at his discretion, price and allocation controls on petroleum and petroleum products, including gasoline, through September 30, 1981. The Act sets the following allocation goals: protect public health; maintain public services and agricultural operations; foster competition in the petroleum industry; distribute petroleum among industry sectors and US regions equitably; and minimize economic disruption and unnecessary interference wth market mechanisms.

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

RAPID FUSION METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES IN LARGE RICE SAMPLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new rapid fusion method for the determination of plutonium in large rice samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (Aiken, SC, USA) that can be used to determine very low levels of plutonium isotopes in rice. The recent accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March, 2011 reinforces the need to have rapid, reliable radiochemical analyses for radionuclides in environmental and food samples. Public concern regarding foods, particularly foods such as rice in Japan, highlights the need for analytical techniques that will allow very large sample aliquots of rice to be used for analysis so that very low levels of plutonium isotopes may be detected. The new method to determine plutonium isotopes in large rice samples utilizes a furnace ashing step, a rapid sodium hydroxide fusion method, a lanthanum fluoride matrix removal step, and a column separation process with TEVA Resin? cartridges. The method can be applied to rice sample aliquots as large as 5 kg. Plutonium isotopes can be determined using alpha spectrometry or inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The method showed high chemical recoveries and effective removal of interferences. The rapid fusion technique is a rugged sample digestion method that ensures that any refractory plutonium particles are effectively digested. The MDA for a 5 kg rice sample using alpha spectrometry is 7E-5 mBq g{sup -1}. The method can easily be adapted for use by ICP-MS to allow detection of plutonium isotopic ratios.

Maxwell, S.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

REAL ANALYSIS: DRIPPED VERSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

i ELEMENTARY REAL ANALYSIS: DRIPPED VERSION -------------------------- thomson·bruckner2 -------------------------- Brian S. Thomson Judith B. Bruckner Andrew M. Bruckner www.classicalrealanalysis.com (2008) ClassicalRealAnalysis.com [TBB-Dripped] Elementary Real Analysis - Dripped Version Thomson*Bruckner*Bruckner #12;ii D

California at Santa Cruz, University of

449

The Tariff Analysis Project: A Database and Analysis Platform...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tariff Analysis Project: A Database and Analysis Platform for Electricity Tariffs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Tariff Analysis Project: A Database...

450

Transportation Analysis | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Analysis SHARE Transportation Analysis Transportation Analysis efforts at Oak Ridge National Laboratory contribute to the efficient, safe, and free movement of...

451

Fusion neutronics experiments and analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses the following topics: Tritium breeding measurements and analysis; induced radioactivity measurements and analysis; and nuclear heating measurements and analysis. (LSP)

Abdou, M.A.

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

LULU analysis program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our analysis program LULU has proven very useful in all stages of experiment analysis, from prerun detector debugging through final data reduction. It has solved our problem of having arbitrary word length events and is easy enough to use that many separate experimenters are now analyzing with LULU. The ability to use the same software for all stages of experiment analysis greatly eases the programming burden. We may even get around to making the graphics elegant someday.

Crawford, H.J.; Lindstrom, P.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

PROCESS ANALYSIS What is it?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROCESS ANALYSIS What is it? Process analysis answers the question: "How?" Process analysis of events occurred. There are two kinds of process analysis: directional and informational. Directional, or prescriptive, process analysis asks: How do you do it? This kind of analysis examines how to do something

Boonstra, Rudy

454

Hazard Analysis Database Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hazard Analysis Database was developed in conjunction with the hazard analysis activities conducted in accordance with DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U S . Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports, for HNF-SD-WM-SAR-067, Tank Farms Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR). The FSAR is part of the approved Authorization Basis (AB) for the River Protection Project (RPP). This document describes, identifies, and defines the contents and structure of the Tank Farms FSAR Hazard Analysis Database and documents the configuration control changes made to the database. The Hazard Analysis Database contains the collection of information generated during the initial hazard evaluations and the subsequent hazard and accident analysis activities. The Hazard Analysis Database supports the preparation of Chapters 3 ,4 , and 5 of the Tank Farms FSAR and the Unreviewed Safety Question (USQ) process and consists of two major, interrelated data sets: (1) Hazard Analysis Database: Data from the results of the hazard evaluations, and (2) Hazard Topography Database: Data from the system familiarization and hazard identification.

GRAMS, W.H.

2000-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

455

Asset Protection Analysis Guide  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide provides examples of the application of as set protection analysis to several common problems. Canceled by DOE N 251.80.

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

456

Data Collection and Analysis  

Energy Savers [EERE]

DataCollecGon&Analysis MarloweKulley PortlandBureauofPlanning&Sustainability DOEConference|May20,2011|Arlington,VA 2...

457

EMSL - chemical analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

chemical-analysis en Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. http:www.emsl.pnl.govemslwebpublicationsmagnesium-behavior-and-structural-...

458

harmonic analysis and geometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faculty listing for "harmonic analysis and geometry". vCard of Nicola Garofalo Garofalo, Nicola [bio] [homepage] Adjunct Professor of Mathematics

459

Modeling and Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE modeling and analysis activities focus on reducing uncertainties and improving transparency in photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) performance modeling. The overall goal of...

460

Role of multilayer-like interference effects on the transient optical response of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} films pumped with free-electron laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray/optical cross-correlation methods are attracting increasing interest for exploring transient states of matter using ultrashort free-electron laser (FEL) pulses. Our paper shows that in such studies the difference in the penetration depth of the FEL-pump and the infrared (IR) probe pulses become important, in particular, when exploring the changes in the optical properties of solid targets. We discuss the role of interference effects, using a phenomenological model with excited and unperturbed slabs. The reliability of this model was experimentally verified by measuring the transient optical response of free-standing and silicon (Si) supported silicon nitride (Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) films, simultaneously in reflection and transmission, using s- and p-polarized IR light. The changes in the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} optical refractive index, induced by the FEL pulses, have fully been described in the frame of the proposed model. The experimental results confirm that the differences, observed in the FEL-induced transient reflectance and transmittance of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} targets with different thicknesses, arise from multilayer-like interferometric phenomena.

Casolari, F.; Giangrisostomi, E. [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 - km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Trieste, via A. Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bencivenga, F.; Capotondi, F.; Manfredda, M.; Pedersoli, E.; Principi, E.; Masciovecchio, C.; Kiskinova, M. [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 - km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Mincigrucci, R. [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 - km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

K Basin safety analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this accident safety analysis is to document in detail, analyses whose results were reported in summary form in the K Basins Safety Analysis Report WHC-SD-SNF-SAR-001. The safety analysis addressed the potential for release of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous material located in the K Basins and their supporting facilities. The safety analysis covers the hazards associated with normal K Basin fuel storage and handling operations, fuel encapsulation, sludge encapsulation, and canister clean-up and disposal. After a review of the Criticality Safety Evaluation of the K Basin activities, the following postulated events were evaluated: Crane failure and casks dropped into loadout pit; Design basis earthquake; Hypothetical loss of basin water accident analysis; Combustion of uranium fuel following dryout; Crane failure and cask dropped onto floor of transfer area; Spent ion exchange shipment for burial; Hydrogen deflagration in ion exchange modules and filters; Release of Chlorine; Power availability and reliability; and Ashfall.

Porten, D.R.; Crowe, R.D.

1994-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

462

Decision Support:Decision Support: Decision AnalysisDecision Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Making under Risk · Expected Value · Sensitivity Analysis Decision Analysis Decision Analysis: Applied Decision Decision-Making Process Source: Decision Analysis ­ A Tool to Deal with Uncertainty, http Succeed Fail Decision Trees OR/MS · Multi-Criteria Optimisation · Risk Analysis and Simulation · Bayesian

Bohanec, Marko

463

analysis methodology agape-et: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coexistence in order to evaluate the impact interference may have on network peformance Eaton Corporation InnovationCenter. complimentary wireless solutions for connectivity....

464

Spectrum usage models for the analysis, design and simulation of cognitive radio networks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The owned spectrum allocation policy, in use since the early days of modern radio communications, has been proven to effectively control interference among radio communication… (more)

López Benítez, Miguel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Tank 241-AX-104 upper vadose zone cone penetrometer demonstration sampling and analysis plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This sampling and analysis plan (SAP) is the primary document describing field and laboratory activities and requirements for the tank 241-AX-104 upper vadose zone cone penetrometer (CP) demonstration. It is written in accordance with Hanford Tank Initiative Tank 241-AX-104 Upper Vadose Zone Demonstration Data Quality Objective (Banning 1999). This technology demonstration, to be conducted at tank 241-AX-104, is being performed by the Hanford Tanks Initiative (HTI) Project as a part of Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Retrieval Program (EM-30) and the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50) Tanks Focus Area. Sample results obtained as part of this demonstration will provide additional information for subsequent revisions to the Retrieval Performance Evaluation (RPE) report (Jacobs 1998). The RPE Report is the result of an evaluation of a single tank farm (AX Tank Farm) used as the basis for demonstrating a methodology for developing the data and analyses necessary to support making tank waste retrieval decisions within the context of tank farm closure requirements. The RPE includes a study of vadose zone contaminant transport mechanisms, including analysis of projected tank leak characteristics, hydrogeologic characteristics of tank farm soils, and the observed distribution of contaminants in the vadose zone in the tank farms. With limited characterization information available, large uncertainties exist as to the nature and extent of contaminants that may exist in the upper vadose zone in the AX Tank Farm. Traditionally, data has been collected from soils in the vadose zone through the installation of boreholes and wells. Soil samples are collected as the bore hole is advanced and samples are screened on site and/or sent to a laboratory for analysis. Some in-situ geophysical methods of contaminant analysis can be used to evaluate radionuclide levels in the soils adjacent to an existing borehole. However, geophysical methods require compensation for well casing interference and soil moisture content and may not be successful in some conditions. In some cases the level of interference must be estimated due to uncertainties regarding the materials used in well construction and soil conditions, Well casing deployment used for many in-situ geophysical methods is relatively expensive and geophysical methods do not generally provide real time values for contaminants. In addition, some of these methods are not practical within the boundaries of the tank farm due to physical constraints, such as underground piping and other hardware. The CP technologies could facilitate future characterization of vadose zone soils by providing vadose zone data in near real-time, reducing the number of soil samples and boreholes required, and reducing characterization costs.

FIELD, J.G.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

466

Attached sunspace design analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An introduction to new design analysis information for attached sunspaces is presented. The 28 sunspace reference designs are described. Note is taken of those designs (the semi-enclosed geometries) analyzed more recently than the previously published reports. The role of sensitivity studies is discussed, and some sample plots of sunspace performance sensitivity to key design parameters are presented. The monthly solar load ratio (SLR) correlations are reviewed with emphasis on the modified SLR used in the sunspace analysis. The application of the sunspace SLR correlations to monthly design analysis is outlined.

Jones, R.W.; McFarland, R.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Quarrying Evidence at the Quispisisa Obsidian Source, Ayacucho, Peru  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LA-ICP-MS, and Portable XRF. In The Dating and Provenance ofRb from x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis of samples fromellipse show the results of our XRF analysis (n = 34) on the

Tripcevich, Nicholas; Contreras, Daniel A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

The distribution of selenium and other trace elements in Texas waters and soils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Instrumental and chemical conditions for selenium analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 . . . 40 10 Summary of method detection limits (MDL), SRM recoveries, spike recoveries, RPD between duplicates and samples in the ICP analysis for 22...

Jiang, Desheng

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Energy Sector Market Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of energy market analysis sponsored by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization and International Program (WIP) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The analysis was conducted by a team of DOE laboratory experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with additional input from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The analysis was structured to identify those markets and niches where government can create the biggest impact by informing management decisions in the private and public sectors. The analysis identifies those markets and niches where opportunities exist for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

Arent, D.; Benioff, R.; Mosey, G.; Bird, L.; Brown, J.; Brown, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Aabakken, J.; Parks, K.; Lapsa, M.; Davis, S.; Olszewski, M.; Cox, D.; McElhaney, K.; Hadley, S.; Hostick, D.; Nicholls, A.; McDonald, S.; Holloman, B.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

On Field Constraint Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce field constraint analysis, a new technique for verifying data structure invariants. A field constraint for a field is a formula specifying a set of objects to which the field can point. Field constraints ...

Wies, Thomas

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

471

Fluid Inclusion Gas Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluid inclusion gas analysis for wells in various geothermal areas. Analyses used in developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy for wells and defining fluids across the geothermal fields. Each sample has mass spectrum counts for 180 chemical species.

Dilley, Lorie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Uncertainty Analysis Economic Evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uncertainties in typical oil and gas projects: 1. The oil price, 2. The investments (capex) and operating 4.1 Oil Prices...............................................................................................14 4.1.1 Analysis of historical oil prices........................................................15

Bhulai, Sandjai

473

Fluid Inclusion Gas Analysis  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

Fluid inclusion gas analysis for wells in various geothermal areas. Analyses used in developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy for wells and defining fluids across the geothermal fields. Each sample has mass spectrum counts for 180 chemical species.

Dilley, Lorie

474

K Basin Hazard Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The K East (KE)/K West (KW) Basins in the 100 K Area of the Hanford Site have been used for storage of irradiated N Reactor and single-pass reactor fuel. Remaining spent fuel is continuing to be stored underwater in racks and canisters in the basins while fuel retrieval activities proceed to remove the fuel from the basins. The Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project is adding equipment to the facility in preparation for removing the fuel and sludge from the basins In preparing this hazard analysis, a variety of hazard analysis techniques were used by the K Basins hazard analysis team, including hazard and operability studies, preliminary hazard analyses, and ''what if'' analyses (WHC-SD-SNF-PHA-001, HNF-2032, HNF-2456, and HNF-SD-SNF-SAD-002). This document summarizes the hazard analyses performed as part of the safety evaluations for the various modification projects and combines them with the original hazard analyses to create a living hazard analysis document. As additional operational activities and modifications are developed, this document will be updated as needed to ensure it covers all the hazards at the K Basins in a summary form and to ensure the subsequent safety analysis is bounding. This hazard analysis also identifies the preliminary set of design features and controls that the facility could rely on to prevent or reduce the frequency or mitigate consequences of identified accident conditions based on their importance and significance to safety. The operational controls and institutional programs relied on for prevention or mitigation of an uncontrolled release are identified as potential technical safety requirements. All operational activities and energy sources at the K Basins are evaluated in this hazard analysis. Using a systematic approach, this document identifies hazards created by abnormal operating conditions and external events (e.g., earthquakes) that have the potential for causing undesirable consequences to the facility worker, the onsite individual, or the public. This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Final Safety Analysis Report. This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U.S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and complies with the requirements of 10 CFR 830.

SEMMENS, L.S.

2001-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

475

Environmental Cost Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Cost Analysis David Edge Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission 131 ESL-IE-00-04-21 Proceedings from the Twenty-second National Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 5-6, 2000 Tuas Natural... Resource Conservation CorDDliuion Environmental Cost Analysis Presented By David Edge Determine the Costs c> Input co Output c> Hidden c> Capital (non recurring) Envirormenlal Cost Analy.;is "There has to be a measurable result...

Edge, D.

476

Distributed analysis in ATLAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ATLAS experiment accumulated more than 140 PB of data during the first run of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The analysis of such an amount of data for the distributed physics community is a challenging task. The Distributed Analysis (DA) system of the ATLAS experiment is an established and stable component of the ATLAS distributed computing operations. About half a million user jobs are daily running on DA resources, submitted by more than 1500 ATLAS physicists. The reliability of the DA system during the first run of the LHC and the following shutdown period has been high thanks to the continuous automatic validation of the distributed analysis sites and the user support provided by a dedicated team of expert shifters. During the LHC shutdown, the ATLAS computing model has undergone several changes to improve the analysis workflows, including the re-design of the production system, a new analysis data format and event model, and the development of common reduction and analysis frameworks. We r...

Dewhurst, Alastair; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Chernobyl Deconstruction ALARA Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an ALARA analysis was performed for deconstruction of the major, unstable elements of the Shelter Object over the destroyed Unit 4 of the reactor complex. The major elements addressed in the analysis included the current roof sections and the major beams supporting the roof sections. The analysis was based on the existing configuration of the Shelter Object, the developing conceptual design of the NSC arch structure, the developing conceptual design of the facilities within and associated with the NSC (including handling and processing of deconstructed elements, and waste management), and existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium) is a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium and performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that ALARA could be achieved with appropriate implementation of existing Ukrainian regulations and procedures, and developing conceptual design criteria and features.

Shipler, Dillard B.; Batiy, Valeriy; Povlovsky, Leonid; Schmidt, John P.; Schmieman, Eric A.

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

478

Passive millimeter wave differential interference contrast polarimetry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Differential polarization imaging systems include an axicon configured to provide a displacement of ray bundles associated with different image patches. The displaced ray bundles are directed to antenna horns and orthomode transducers so as to provide outputs correspond to orthogonal linear states of polarization (SOPs). The outputs are directed to a differential radiometer so that Stokes parameter differences between image patches can be obtained. The ray bundle displacements can be selected to correspond to a mechanical spacing of antenna horns. In some examples, ray bundle displacement corresponds to a displacement less than the diffraction limit.

Bernacki, Bruce E; Kelly, James F; Sheen, David M; Tedeschi, Jonathan R; Hall, Thomas E; Hatchell, Brian K; Valdez, Patrick; McMakin, Douglas L

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

479

Strategyproof Wireless Spectrum Auctions with Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by tailoring a payment scheme based on the idea of minimum bids. A naive method to compute such a payment to ensure bidders refrain from misreporting their true valuation for winning the auction. An auction.e. discrete channels. Each ISP has a privately known valuation, which indicates how much the ISP is willing

Li, Zongpeng

480

Tobacco Industry Interference with Tobacco Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005, 365:1354–1359. 51. Szilagyi T, Chapman S. TobaccoHealth, 2004, 12:190–196. 52. Szilagyi T, Chapman S. Tobacco

World Health Organization

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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481

Electromagnetic interference filter for automotive electrical systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A filter for an automotive electrical system includes a substrate having first and second conductive members. First and second input terminals are mounted to the substrate. The first input terminal is electrically connected to the first conductive member, and the second input terminal is electrically connected to the second conductive member. A plurality of capacitors are mounted to the substrate. Each of the capacitors is electrically connected to at least one of the first and second conductive members. First and second power connectors are mounted to the substrate. The first power connector is electrically connected to the first conductive member, and the second power connector is electrically connected to the second conductive member. A common mode choke is coupled to the substrate and arranged such that the common mode choke extends around at least a portion of the substrate and the first and second conductive members.

Herron, Nicholas Hayden; Carlson, Douglas S; Tang, David; Korich, Mark D

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

482

Stray currents -- Generation, interference effects and control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stray currents, mostly known for their detrimental corrosion affects on the underground structures, can be effectively controlled by the implementation of specific measures at both the source of generation and at the affected structure(s). This paper discusses the most serious sources of stray current generation, the resulting problems and the numerous control methods that can be utilized to minimize corrosion and safety problems. Safety concerns associated with dc power systems are also discussed.

Nikolakakos, S. [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, Inc., Lyndhurst, NJ (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

Protecting bipartite entanglement by quantum interferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that vacuum-induced coherence in three-level atomic systems can lead to preservation of bipartite entanglement when two such atoms are prepared as two initially entangled qubits, each independently interacting with their respective vacuum reservoirs. We explicitly calculate the time evolution of concurrence for two different Bell states and show that a large amount of entanglement can survive in the long time limit. The amount of entanglement left between the two qubits depends strongly on the ratio of the nonorthogonal transitions in each qubit and can be more than 50%. Moreover, we find that as a consequence of vacuum-induced coherence, sudden death of entanglement is prevented for an initial mixed entangled state of the qubits.

Das, Sumanta [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Institute for Quantum Science and Engineering and Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Spin interference of holes in silicon nanosandwiches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin-dependent transport of holes is studied in silicon nanosandwiches on an n-Si (100) surface which are represented by ultranarrow p-Si quantum wells confined by {delta}-barriers heavily doped with boron. The measurement data of the longitudinal and Hall voltages as functions of the top gate voltage without an external magnetic field show the presence of edge conduction channels in the silicon nanosandwiches. An increase in the stabilized source-drain current within the range 0.25-5 nA subsequently exhibits the longitudinal conductance value 4e{sup 2}/h, caused by the contribution of the multiple Andreev reflection, the value 0.7(2e{sup 2}/h) corresponding to the known quantum conductance staircase feature, and displays Aharonov-Casher oscillations, which are indicative of the spin polarization of holes in the edge channels. In addition, at a low stabilized source-drain current, due to spin polarization, a nonzero Hall voltage is detected which is dependent on the top gate voltage; i. e., the quantum spin Hall effect is observed. The measured longitudinal I-V characteristics demonstrate Fiske steps and a negative differential resistance caused by the generation of electromagnetic radiation as a result of the Josephson effect. The results obtained are explained within a model of topological edge states which are a system of superconducting channels containing quantum point contacts transformable to single Josephson junctions at an increasing stabilized source-drain current.

Bagraev, N. T., E-mail: Bagraev@mail.ioffe.ru; Danilovskii, E. Yu.; Klyachkin, L. E.; Malyarenko, A. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Mashkov, V. A. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University (Russian Federation)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

485

Suppression of automotive radio frequency interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'TBATIONS Pag~ 1. Thc Au tomo Li. ve Igni t ion Syst: em 2. Iquivalent Circuit for SLate Variable Analys. i. s 3. Osci. lloscope Presentation of Spar)c P) ug Gap Curron c 77ave form 15 4. k'atbcmat'c. , l Representation of Spark plug ' ap Current t7... ) ? dl. st. r& 0 t * (CD+1) ) & ond. ? d i s tr i. b uior corsducting n==7, 8, . . . 21 ))/?0 n=-7, . . . 2G spark plug not conducCing spar!c plug cor, ducting A suitable computer integration technique may be applied Lo these equati. ons to u...

McLaughlin, Cleon Crosby

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Minimum Mean Squared Error Interference Alignment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

maximize sum utility, due to the associated loss in degrees of freedom. One approach to distributed¨unchen, 80290 Munich, Germany Email: {dschmidt,utschick}@tum.de Department of Electrical Engineering utility, where the utility depends on rate or SINR, a weighted sum MSE objective is used to compute

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

487

Partner(s): Diffraction and Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as a microscope, or eyeglasses, or a telescope works. It is also used to probe the nature of very small things

Spalding, Gabriel Cooper

488

Topological Interference Management through Index Coding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Degrees of freedom of the MISO BC with mixed CSIT,” IEEEof freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel withof alternating CSIT for the MISO BC,” IEEE Transactions on

Jafar, Syed A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Population dynamic interference among childhood diseases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is predicted and cannot be dismissed in the limited case-study data available for measles and whooping cough in England before the vaccination era. Keywords: measles; whooping cough; population dynamics; epidemiology

Rohani, Pejman

490

Interference management in wireless cellular networks   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In wireless networks, there is an ever-increasing demand for higher system throughputs, along with growing expectation for all users to be available to multimedia and Internet services. This is especially difficult to ...

Burchardt, Harald Peter

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Inception report and Gap analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inception report and Gap analysis Boiler inspection Riga, June 2004 #12;Inception report and gap analysis ­ boiler inspection Table of Content 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 3 2 BOILER INSTALLATIONS ­ GAP ANALYSIS

492

Production, Storage, and FC Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on Production, Storage, and FC Analysis to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

493

Standard practices for dissolving glass containing radioactive and mixed waste for chemical and radiochemical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These practices cover techniques suitable for dissolving glass samples that may contain nuclear wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides. 1.2 One of the fusion practices and the microwave practice can be used in hot cells and shielded hoods after modification to meet local operational requirements. 1.3 The user of these practices must follow radiation protection guidelines in place for their specific laboratories. 1.4 Additional information relating to safety is included in the text. 1.5 The dissolution techniques described in these practices can be used for quality control of the feed materials and the product of plants vitrifying nuclear waste materials in glass. 1.6 These pr...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Calculation of Conducted EMI Generated by Single-Ended Primary Inductance Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electromagnetic interference (EMI) to measurement results. Copyright © 2012 Praise Worthy Prize S.r.l. - All rights reserved Keywords: electromagnetic interference (EMI), emission, frequency domain analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

495

Sandia National Laboratories: Modeling & Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sandia Study Shows Large LNG Fires Hotter but Smaller Than Expected On December 6, 2011, in Analysis, Energy Assurance, Infrastructure Security, Modeling, Modeling & Analysis,...

496

PORTFOLIO ANALYSIS AND ITS POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vidaver Electricity Analysis Office Electricity Supply Analysis Division California Energy Commission ............................................................................................................................. 5 Gas Price Risk.................................................................................................................................. 9 Discount Rates ­ The Present Cost of Future Gas Prices

497

Requirements Identification, Analysis and Measurement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis, and Management adds detail and rigor to the Mission Analysis output by: Refining the initial customer input into formal Customer Requirements Identifying any...

498

ORISE: Media Analysis and Monitoring  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Media Analysis and Monitoring The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) uses comprehensive media analysis and monitoring tools to define media interest and the...

499

Figure 2 Analysis Tool Interface Level-1 / PBBT Analysis Tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Figure 2 ­ Analysis Tool Interface Level-1 / PBBT Analysis Tool Introduction The Level-1/PBBT Analysis Tool (LPAT) was designed to assist in the analysis of North American Standard Level-1 Inspection. The data incorporated into the tool includes the results of Level-1 inspections with accompanying PBBT test

500

Statistical Analysis of CCD Data: Error Analysis/Noise Theorem  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Analysis of CCD Data: Error Analysis/Noise Theorem Why Statistical Approach? Systematic Errors Random Errors (= Statistical Errors) Accuracy and Precision Best Estimator: Mean, Median Distribution Statistical CCD Data Analysis #12;Why do we need statistical analysis? (= Why do we need to worry

Peletier, Reynier