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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Reduction of polyatomic interferences in ICP-MS by collision/reaction cell (CRC-ICP-MS) techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polyatomic and other spectral interferences in plasma source mass spectrometry (PSMS) can be dramatically reduced using collision and reaction cells (CRC). These devices have been used for decades in fundamental studies of ion-molecule chemistry, but have only recently been applied to PSMS. Benefits of this approach as applied in inductively coupled plasma MS (ICP-MS) include interference reduction, isobar separation, and thermalization/focusing of ions. Novel ion-molecule chemistry schemes are now routinely designed and empirically evaluated with relative ease. These “chemical resolution” techniques can avert interferences requiring mass spectral resolutions of >600,000 (m/?m). Purely physical ion beam processes, including collisional dampening and collisional dissociation, are also employed to provide improved sensitivity, resolution, and spectral simplicity. CRC techniques are now firmly entrenched in current-day ICP-MS technology, enabling unprecedented flexibility and freedom from many spectral interferences. A significant body of applications has now been reported in the literature. CRC techniques are found to be most useful for specialized or difficult analytical needs and situations, and are employed in both single- and multi-element determination modes.

Eiden, Greg C.; Barinaga, Charles J.; Koppenaal, David W.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Ionization interferences under various operating conditions in a 9, 27 and 50 \\{MHz\\} ICP, and a study of shifts in level populations of calcium through simultaneous absorption-emission measurements in a 9 \\{MHz\\} ICP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Radially resolved absorption and emission measurements were employed for a better understanding of the excitation mechanism of nebulized species operating under conditions favourable for the occurrence of ionization interferences in an atmospheric pressure 9 \\{MHz\\} ICP. Three monitored spectral lines of calcium were used to observe changes in ground and excited level populations of atoms and ions, in ion excitation temperatures using the two-line method. Observations were made at a fixed height, namely 25 mm above the rf coil and varying carrier gasflows from 2 to 51 min?1 and were correlated with the position of the “initial radiation zone” (IRZ) in the plasma. Ionization interferences occurring only inside the IRZ indicate an excitation mechanism depleting ion ground level population and populating excited atom and ion levels. No changes in atom absorbances or excitation temperatures were observed ruling out ionization suppression as dominating mechanism. Indications are that increased collisional excitation for Ca ions and ambipolar diffusion may be the dominant excitation mechanism operating in the analyte channel. Recombination reactions (three body or radiative) or charge transfer reactions may be responsible for an increase of excited atom level populations. It is obvious that non-thermal processes are operating under conditions favourable for ionization interferences occurring in the ICP.

W. Gunter; K. Visser; P.B. Zeeman

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Analysis of synthetic motor oils for additive elements by ICP-AES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Standard motor oils are made by blending paraffinic or naphthenic mineral oil base stocks with additive packages containing anti-wear agents, dispersants, corrosion inhibitors, and viscosity index improvers. The blender can monitor the correct addition of the additives by determining the additive elements in samples dissolved in a solvent by ICP-AES. Internal standardization is required to control sample transport interferences due to differences in viscosity between samples and standards. Synthetic motor oils, made with poly-alpha-olefins and trimethylol propane esters, instead of mineral oils, pose an additional challenge since these compounds affect the plasma as well as having sample transport interference considerations. The synthetic lubricant base stocks add significant oxygen to the sample matrix, which makes the samples behave differently than standards prepared in mineral oil. Determination of additive elements in synthetic motor oils will be discussed.

Williams, M.C.; Salmon, S.G. [Texaco Inc., Beacon, NY (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

4

ICP Emission Spectra III: The Spectra of the Group IIIA Elements and Spectral Interferences Due to Group IIA and IIIA Elements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectra of the group IIIA elements observed in an ICP have been tabulated in the wavelength range from 1995 to 6005 Å. These spectra have been compared to a list of those...

Anderson, T A; Parsons, M L

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Fast Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of Distributed Networks using Longitudinal Partitioning Based Waveform Relaxation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fast Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of Distributed Networks using Longitudinal Partitioning -- In this paper, a waveform relaxation algorithm for the fast electromagnetic interference analysis of distributed is provided to demonstrate the validity of the proposed algorithm. Index Terms -- Electromagnetic interference

Roy, Sourajeet

6

Multielement analysis of coal by ICP techniques using solution nebulization and laser ablation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The combination of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry and high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of 70 elements in coal were studied. Four microwave-assisted digestion procedures with different dissolution mixtures (nitric and hydrofluoric acids, aqua regia and hydrogen peroxide), lithium metaborate fusion with and without previous sample ashing as well as direct sampling by laser ablation (LA) have been tested. Examples of spectral interferences are given and different correction procedures are discussed. Detection limits in the low ng g?1 range were obtained for most of the elements investigated by using high-purity reagents and by taking special care to prevent sample contamination during preparation. The precision was assessed from replicate analysis (including sample preparation) of coal samples and was found to be, as average values far all elements, 4–5% RSD and 10–15% RSD for procedures including sample digestion and LA sampling, respectively. The accuracy of the overall analytical procedures was estimated by analysis of certified reference materials and of a coal sample obtained from the Interlab Trace round robin test. Among the dissolution mixtures tested, the combination of nitric and hydrofluoric acids with hydrogen peroxide provide the best agreement with certified, recommended, literature-compiled or consensus values, though fusion is necessary to obtain quantitative recoveries for Si, Cr, Hf, W, Zr, Y. In general, results obtained by LA fall within ±20% of those obtained after digestion.

Ilia Rodushkin; Mikael D Axelsson; Erik Burman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Precise ruthenium fission product isotopic analysis using dynamic reaction cell inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (DRC-ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

99Tc is a subsurface contaminant of interest at numerous federal, industrial, and international facilities. However, as a mono-isotopic fission product, 99Tc lacks the ability to be used as a signature to differentiate between the different waste disposal pathways that could have contributed to subsurface contamination at these facilities. Ruthenium fission-product isotopes are attractive analogues for the characterization of 99Tc sources because of their direct similarity to technetium with regard to subsurface mobility, and their large fission yields and low natural background concentrations. We developed an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) method capable of measuring ruthenium isotopes in groundwater samples and extracts of vadose zone sediments. Samples were analyzed directly on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after a single pass through a 1-ml bed volume of Dowex AG 50W-X8 100-200 mesh cation exchange resin. Precise ruthenium isotopic ratio measurements were achieved using a low-flow Meinhard-type nebulizer and long sample acquisition times (150,000 ms). Relative standard deviations of triplicate replicates were maintained at less than 0.5% when the total ruthenium solution concentration was 0.1 ng/ml or higher. Further work was performed to minimize the impact caused by mass interferences using the dynamic reaction cell (DRC) with O2 as the reaction gas. The aqueous concentrations of 96Mo and 96Zr were reduced by more than 99.7% in the reaction cell prior to injection of the sample into the mass analyzer quadrupole. The DRC was used in combination with stable-mass correction to quantitatively analyze samples containing up to 2-orders of magnitude more zirconium and molybdenum than ruthenium. The analytical approach documented herein provides an efficient and cost-effective way to precisely measure ruthenium isotopes and quantitate total ruthenium (natural vs. fission-product) in aqueous matrixes.

Brown, Christopher F.; Dresel, P. Evan; Geiszler, Keith N.; Farmer, Orville T.

2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

8

Online YPA4 Resin Microcolumn Separation/Preconcentration Coupled with Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) for the Speciation Analysis of Mercury in Seafood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Online YPA4 Resin Microcolumn Separation/Preconcentration Coupled with Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) for the Speciation Analysis of Mercury in Seafood ... The developed method was applied to the determination of mercury species in real seafoods with satisfactory results. ...

Chaomei Xiong; Bin Hu

2007-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

9

Uncertainty Measurement for Trace Element Analysis of Uranium and Plutonium Samples by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The measurement uncertainty estimatino associated with trace element analysis of impurities in U and Pu was evaluated using the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty Measurement (GUM). I this evalution the uncertainty sources were identified and standard uncertainties for the components were categorized as either Type A or B. The combined standard uncertainty was calculated and a coverage factor k = 2 was applied to obtain the expanded uncertainty, U. The ICP-AES and ICP-MS methods used were deveoped for the multi-element analysis of U and Pu samples. A typical analytical run consists of standards, process blanks, samples, matrix spiked samples, post digestion spiked samples and independent calibration verification standards. The uncertainty estimation was performed on U and Pu samples that have been analyzed previously as part of the U and Pu Sample Exchange Programs. Control chart results and data from the U and Pu metal exchange programs were combined with the GUM into a concentration dependent estimate of the expanded uncertainty. Comparison of trace element uncertainties obtained using this model was compared to those obtained for trace element results as part of the Exchange programs. This process was completed for all trace elements that were determined to be above the detection limit for the U and Pu samples.

Gallimore, David L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

10

Analysis of IAEA environmental samples for plutonium and uranium by ICP/MS in support of international safeguards  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method for the separation and determination of total and isotopic uranium and plutonium by ICP/MS was developed for IAEA samples on cellulose-based media. Preparation of the IAEA samples involved a series of...

O. T. Farmer III; K. B. Olsen; M. L. Thomas…

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 55, NO. 2, APRIL 2013 395 Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to electromagnetic interference (EMI) is becoming a critical aspect of signal integrity analysis. For mod- eling in high-speed packages [2]. As a result, effi- cient and accurate electromagnetic interference (EMIIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY, VOL. 55, NO. 2, APRIL 2013 395 Electromagnetic

Roy, Sourajeet

12

Boston University User Fee Structure for ICP-ES, ICP-MS and Laser Labs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boston University User Fee Structure for ICP-ES, ICP-MS and Laser Labs The Department of Earth for digestions protocols include flux fusions, microwave digestions, and open vial digestions. Standardization come to BU and digest their samples in our labs with sufficient training. Laser-ICP-MS cost per sample

Hutyra, Lucy R.

13

Evaluation of Wet Chemical ICP-AES Elemental Analysis Methods usingSimulated Hanford Waste Samples-Phase I Interim Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The wet chemistry digestion method development for providing process control elemental analyses of the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Melter Feed Preparation Vessel (MFPV) samples is divided into two phases: Phase I consists of: (1) optimizing digestion methods as a precursor to elemental analyses by ICP-AES techniques; (2) selecting methods with the desired analytical reliability and speed to support the nine-hour or less turnaround time requirement of the WTP; and (3) providing baseline comparison to the laser ablation (LA) sample introduction technique for ICP-AES elemental analyses that is being developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). Phase II consists of: (1) Time-and-Motion study of the selected methods from Phase I with actual Hanford waste or waste simulants in shielded cell facilities to ensure that the methods can be performed remotely and maintain the desired characteristics; and (2) digestion of glass samples prepared from actual Hanford Waste tank sludge for providing comparative results to the LA Phase II study. Based on the Phase I testing discussed in this report, a tandem digestion approach consisting of sodium peroxide fusion digestions carried out in nickel crucibles and warm mixed-acid digestions carried out in plastic bottles has been selected for Time-and-Motion study in Phase II. SRNL experience with performing this analytical approach in laboratory hoods indicates that well-trained cell operator teams will be able to perform the tandem digestions in five hours or less. The selected approach will produce two sets of solutions for analysis by ICP-AES techniques. Four hours would then be allocated for performing the ICP-AES analyses and reporting results to meet the nine-hour or less turnaround time requirement. The tandem digestion approach will need to be performed in two separate shielded analytical cells by two separate cell operator teams in order to achieve the nine-hour or less turnaround time. Because of the simplicity of the warm mixed-acid method, a well-trained cell operator team may in time be able to perform both sets of digestions. However, having separate shielded cells for each of the methods is prudent to avoid overcrowding problems that would impede a minimal turnaround time.

Coleman, Charles J.; Edwards, Thomas B.

2005-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

14

Analysis and Modelling of the EM Interferences Produced above a Train associated to the Contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Modelling of the EM Interferences Produced above a Train associated to the Contact-- This paper deals with the analysis of the transient disturbances produced above of a train by the pantograph- catenary power supply system. The goal is to study the contribution of the different elements of the train

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

15

THAM for Control of ICP  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our goal was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of tromethamine (THAM) and its effects on intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with neurological illness. All articles from MEDLINE, ...

F. A. Zeiler; J. Teitelbaum; L. M. Gillman; M. West

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Analysis of Devonian shale multiwell interference tests in Meigs County, Ohio. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Offset Well Test Program completed in 1981 was undertaken in order to investigate the production characteristics of Devonian shale reservoirs. The investigation involved a study of gas flow through natural fractures, the orientation and distribution of these fractures, and the gas storage/release mechanism and its effect on production. An experiment was designed to test the reservoir under strictly controlled conditions. Interference tests were conducted in Meigs County, Ohio on two wells drilled in the expected maximum and minimum permeability directions from a producing well with known completion and production history. Analysis of the test results indicate that the Devonian shale formation in the Meigs County, Ohio, area is an anisotropic, layered reservoir system. Flow characteristics indicate that the Meigs County reservoir is naturally fractured, may be represented as a dual porosity system, and may be modeled using pseudo-steady-state gas transfer from the matrix to the fracture system. The orientation of the natural fracture system was established through core observation and well test analysis as S65/sup 0/W. The maximum to minimum permeability ratio in the direction of the natural fracture system was calculated to be 8.3. Three distinct zones with independent flow characteristics were identified. The bottom zone, with permeability values significantly higher than the upper two zones, is highly fractured and is a major contributor to the gas production of Well 10056. The pressure profiles of the bottom zones relative to the upper zones were significantly different, indicating minimal communication between the layers. The knowledge of these parameters should have a significant impact on future development of shale reservoirs, through optimization of well spacing and choice of stimulation treatment to enhance gas production.

Alam, J.; Horan, K.; Lee, B.; Sawyer, W.

1982-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

17

Energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis of the bone mineral content in human trabecular bone: A comparison with ICPES and neutron activation analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate the accuracy of bone mineral composition determination by electron microprobe analysis (EDX) the measurements have been compared to instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and chemical anal...

K. Åkesson; M. D. Grynpas; R. G. V. Hancock; R. Odselius…

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

EF: Interference in communication (I) Numerical Simulation of Nonlinear Interference in Radio Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of inter- and intra-system electromagnetic interference (EMI). Using appropriate analysis and simulation Inter. Confer. on Electromagnetic Interference and Compatibility (INCEMIC'97), Dec. 3-5, Hyderabad

Loyka, Sergey

19

No Interference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratory Laboratory Interference Double Beta Decay Dark Matter Biology Repository Science Renewable Energy No interference from radioactive waste at WIPP All waste disposal operations are conducted in the southern reaches of the WIPP underground in specially mined disposal panels. The nearest of these disposal panels is about a kilometer from the experiment gallery to the north. With no "line of sight" for streaming radiation between waste and experimental areas, and with solid rock walls separating them, there is no interference to sensitive nuclear particle detectors from the waste in the experiment gallery. This even includes neutrinos from waste components decaying by beta emission. Additionally, the careful monitoring to ensure clean operations guarantees no airborne radioactivity contributes to

20

ICP Solar Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ICP Solar Technologies Inc ICP Solar Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name ICP Solar Technologies Inc Place Montreal, Quebec, Canada Zip H3N 1W5 Sector Solar Product Manufactures amorphous silicon solar PV cells, and battery chargers using these cells. Coordinates 45.512293°, -73.554407° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.512293,"lon":-73.554407,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Microsoft Word - icp11001CXPostForm.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1-001 1-001 SECTION A. Project Title: Idaho Completion Project Environmental and Regulatory Service Activities SECTION B. Project Description The proposed action addresses the site-wide sampling and monitoring and waste characterization sampling programs that support the Idaho Completion Project (ICP) operations. Actions include: ï‚· groundwater monitoring, ï‚· day-to-day monitoring activities (i.e., measurement of liquid or gaseous effluents for purposes of characterizing and quantifying contaminants, collection and analysis of samples, direct measurement of air, soil, water, biota and other media etc.), ï‚· characterization of sites, systems and containers suspected of being contaminated with hazardous, radioactive, and mixed wastes, and

22

Applications of high resolution ICP-AES in the nuclear industry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Application of high resolution ICP-AES to selected problems of importance in the nuclear industry is a growing field. The advantages in sample preparation time, waste minimization and equipment cost are considerable. Two examples of these advantages are presented in this paper, burnup analysis of spent fuel and analysis of major uranium isotopes. The determination of burnup, an indicator of fuel cycle efficiency, has been accomplished by the determination of {sup 139}La by high resolution inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (HR-ICP-AES). Solutions of digested samples of reactor fuel rods were introduced into a shielded glovebox housing an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and the resulting atomic emission transmitted to a high resolution spectrometer by a 31 meter fiber optic bundle. Total and isotopic U determination by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) is presented to allow for the calculation of burnup for the samples. This method of burnup determination reduces the time, material, sample handling and waste generated associated with typical burnup determinations which require separation of lanthanum from the other fission products with high specific activities. Work concerning an alternative burnup indicator, {sup 236}U, is also presented for comparison. The determination of {sup 235}U:{sup 238}U isotope ratios in U-Zr fuel alloys is also presented to demonstrate the versatility of HR-ICP-AES.

Johnson, S.G.; Giglio, J.J.; Goodall, P.S.; Cummings, D.G.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Ketamine Effect on ICP in Traumatic Brain Injury  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our goal was to perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of ketamine in traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its effects on intracranial pressure (ICP). All articles from MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, G...

F. A. Zeiler; J. Teitelbaum; M. West; L. M. Gillman

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

ARSENIC INCORPORATION IN COLEMANITE FROM BORATE DEPOSITS: DATA FROM ICP–MS, ?-SXRF, XAFS AND EPR ANALYSES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...calculated A(75As)/h constant of ~2240 MHz along the b axis (Fig. 9) is significantly...scorodite from sulfate solutions under atmosphericpressure conditions. Metall. Mater. Trans...on sulfarsenides. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis...

Jinru Lin; Yuanming Pan; Ning Chen; Mao Mao; Rong Li; Renfei Feng

25

Arsenic species separation by IELC-ICP/OES: Arsenocholine behavior  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the literature an increasing interest is observed in developing methods to determine arsenobetaine, arsenocholine and related compounds in sea food and in reference materials. The separation conditions and quantification of As(III), As(V), monomethylarsenate (MMA), dimethylarsinate (DMA), arsenobetaine (AsBet) and arsenocholine (AsChol) are studied by Liquid Chromatography (LC) coupled directly to an Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP/OES) system. The separation conditions are optimized to improve the resolution of the six arsenic species. Arsenocholine shows a particular pattern of behavior when phosphate is used as eluent: two peaks are observed in the chromatogram, thus a systematic study assaying different pH and concentration of phosphate is carried out to improve resolution and analysis time when the six arsenic compounds are analyzed in a mixture. Boric acid as mobile phase avoids the splitting of the arsenocholine peak and leads to a good separation of the six arsenic compounds. Detection limits are established for the six arsenic species.

Rubio, R.; Peralta, I.; Alberti, J.; Rauret, G. (Univ. de Barcelona (Spain))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Elimination of Amino Acid Interferences in the Chiral Ligand-Exchange Chromatographic Analysis of Lactic Acid Enantiomers in Wine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......analysis Penicillamine Quality Control Silicon Dioxide Stereoisomerism Wine analysis Chiral ligand-exchange...MLF (as in most red wines) or discourage it (as in many white wines) by carefully choosing...decrease with 10 C increase in temperature) from......

Alan J. Buglass; Suk Hean Lee

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Evaluation of Ultra-Low Background Materials for Uranium and Thorium Using ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An increasing number of physics experiments require low background materials for their construction. The presence of Uranium and Thorium and their progeny in these materials present a variety of unwanted background sources for these experiments. The sensitivity of the experiments continues to drive the necessary levels of detection ever lower as well. This requirement for greater sensitivity has rendered direct radioassay impractical in many cases requiring large quantities of material, frequently many kilograms, and prolonged counting times, often months. Other assay techniques have been employed such as Neutron Activation Analysis but this requires access to expensive facilities and instrumentation and can be further complicated and delayed by the formation of unwanted radionuclides. Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) is a useful tool and recent advancements have increased the sensitivity particularly in the elemental high mass range of U and Th. Unlike direct radioassay, ICP-MS is a destructive technique since it requires the sample to be in liquid form which is aspirated into a high temperature plasma. But it benefits in that it usually requires a very small sample, typically about a gram. Here we will discuss how a variety of low background materials such as copper, polymers, and fused silica are made amenable to ICP-MS assay and how the arduous task of maintaining low backgrounds of U and Th is achieved.

Hoppe, Eric W.; Overman, Nicole R.; LaFerriere, Brian D.

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

28

Biaxial Interference Figures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biaxial interference figures are similar to uniaxial figures but show more variety in the shape and movement of isogyres. Biaxial figures often contain only a single isogyre, which is not always parallel to a ...

Richard E. Stoiber; Stearns A. Morse

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

EPOD Solar Wales Ltd formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wales Ltd formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd Wales Ltd formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name EPOD Solar (Wales) Ltd (formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd) Place Mid Glamorgan, United Kingdom Zip CF31 3YN Sector Solar Product Research, development, manufacturing,marketing and sales of leading-edge solar energy products. References EPOD Solar (Wales) Ltd (formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. EPOD Solar (Wales) Ltd (formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd) is a company located in Mid Glamorgan, United Kingdom . References ↑ "EPOD Solar (Wales) Ltd (formerly ICP Solar Technologies Ltd)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=EPOD_Solar_Wales_Ltd_formerly_ICP_Solar_Technologies_Ltd&oldid=34508

30

Submarine Cable Interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE description given by E. T. Burton1 of his measurements of audio frequency interference is of great interest, and would be more so if quantitative values ... , and hence to the permissible amplification, both at low frequencies for telegraphy and at audio frequencies for telephony. The recent suggestions for a loaded trans-Atlantic telephone cable 2 ...

A. L. MEYERS

1930-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

31

Televisions, Video Privacy, and Powerline Electromagnetic Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iv Safe Use Guidelines, Electromagnetic Interference, and FCC Warning . . . . . . . . . . . . .v

Matsuoka, Yoky

32

Comparison of Time-of-flight and Multicollector ICP Mass Spectrometers for Measuring Actinides in Small Samples using single shot Laser Ablations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of these experiments is to evaluate the performance of two types of ICP-MS device for measurement of actinide isotopes by laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS. The key advantage of ICP-MS compared to monitoring of radioactive decay is that the element need not decay during the measurement time. Hence ICP-MS is much faster for long-lived radionuclides. The LA process yields a transient signal. When spatially resolved analysis is required for small samples, the laser ablation sample pulse lasts only {approx}10 seconds. It is difficult to measure signals at several isotopes with analyzers that are scanned for such a short sample transient. In this work, a time-of-flight (TOF) ICP-MS device, the GBC Optimass 8000 (Figure 1) is one instrument used. Strictly speaking, ions at different m/z values are not measured simultaneously in TOF. However, they are measured in very rapid sequence with little or no compromise between the number of m/z values monitored and the performance. Ions can be measured throughout the m/z range in single sample transients by TOF. The other ICP-MS instrument used is a magnetic sector multicollector MS, the NU Plasma 1700 (Figure 2). Up to 8 adjacent m/z values can be monitored at one setting of the magnetic field and accelerating voltage. Three of these m/z values can be measured with an electron multiplier. This device is usually used for high precision isotope ratio measurements with the Faraday cup detectors. The electron multipliers have much higher sensitivity. In our experience with the scanning magnetic sector instrument in Ames, these devices have the highest sensitivity and lowest background of any ICP-MS device. The ability to monitor several ions simultaneously, or nearly so, should make these devices valuable for the intended application: measurement of actinide isotopes at low concentrations in very small samples for nonproliferation purposes. The primary sample analyzed was an urban dust pellet reference material, NIST 1648. The ability to provide good detection limits for single laser shots is critical.

R.S. Houk; D.B. Aeschliman; S.J. Bajic; D. Baldwin

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Sagnac interference in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Sagnac interference mode arises when two interfering counterpropogating beams traverse a loop, but with their velocities detuned by a small amount 2u, with vR/L=vF±u. In this paper we perform a perturbative nonequilibrium calculation of Sagnac interference in single-channel wires as well as armchair nanotube loops. We study the dependence of the Sagnac conductance oscillations on temperature and interactions. We find that the Sagnac interference is not destroyed by strong interactions, but becomes weakly dependent on the velocity detuning u. In armchairs nanotubes with typical interaction strength, 0.25?g?0.5, we find that the necessary temperature for observing the interference effect, TSAG is also only weakly dependent on the interaction, and is enhanced by a factor of 8 relative to the temperature necessary for observing Fabry-Pérot interference in the same system, TFP.

Waheb Bishara; Gil Refael; Marc Bockrath

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

34

Transient electromagnetic interference in substations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference levels on sensitive electronic equipment are quantified experimentally and theoretically in air and gas insulated substations of different voltages. Measurement techniques for recording interference voltages and currents and electric and magnetic fields are reviewed and actual interference data are summarized. Conducted and radiated interference coupling mechanisms and levels in substation control wiring are described using both measurement results and electromagnetic models validated against measurements. The nominal maximum field and control wire interference levels expected in the switchyard and inside the control house from switching operations, faults, and an average lightning strike are estimated using high frequency transient coupling models. Comparisons with standards are made and recommendations given concerning equipment shielding and surge protection.

Wiggins, C.M.; Thomas, D.E.; Nickel, F.S.; Salas, T.M. (BDM International, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Wright, S.E. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Glass particles produced by laser ablation for ICP-MS measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Glass particles produced by laser ablation for ICP-MS266nm) was used to generate glass particles from two sets ofWhen the current data on glass were compared with the metal

Gonzalez, J.; Liu, C.; Wen, S.; Mao, X.; Russo, R.E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 regulates herpes simplex virus replication through ICP27 RGG-box methylation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Protein arginine methylation is involved in viral infection and replication through the modulation of diverse cellular processes including RNA metabolism, cytokine signaling, and subcellular localization. It has been suggested previously that the protein arginine methylation of the RGG-box of ICP27 is required for herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) viral replication and gene expression in vivo. However, a cellular mediator for this process has not yet been identified. In our current study, we show that the protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) is a cellular mediator of the arginine methylation of ICP27 RGG-box. We generated arginine substitution mutants in this domain and examined which arginine residues are required for methylation by PRMT1. R138, R148 and R150 were found to be the major sites of this methylation but additional arginine residues serving as minor methylation sites are still required to sustain the fully methylated form of ICP27 RGG. We also demonstrate that the nuclear foci-like structure formation, SRPK interactions, and RNA-binding activity of ICP27 are modulated by the arginine methylation of the ICP27 RGG-box. Furthermore, HSV-1 replication is inhibited by hypomethylation of this domain resulting from the use of general PRMT inhibitors or arginine mutations. Our data thus suggest that the PRMT1 plays a key role as a cellular regulator of HSV-1 replication through ICP27 RGG-box methylation.

Yu, Jungeun; Shin, Bongjin; Park, Eui-Soon; Yang, Sujeong; Choi, Seunga [Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); BK21 Bio Brain Center, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Misun [Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Rho, Jaerang, E-mail: jrrho@cnu.ac.kr [Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Microbiology, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); BK21 Bio Brain Center, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); GRAST, Chungnam National University, 220 Gung-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A model of virtual interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We set up an experiment with two independent laser beams that cross at a small angle, spatially separate, and end at detectors in front of each beam. The setup allows us to obtain maximum path or which-way information, K=1. However, when we scan a thin wire across the beam intersection the which-way information drops to K=0.985. The thin wire serves to verify the presence of an interference pattern with visibility, V=0.833, at the beam intersection. Our results appear to be in conflict with the complementarity inequality, V^2+K^2 smaller or equal to 1. We introduce a model that describes a virtual interference pattern. We resolve our paradoxical findings by proposing that the complementarity inequality does not apply to virtual interference patterns but only to physically real ones. We find that the interference pattern in our setup is virtual.

Flores, Eduardo V; Scaturro, Jeffrey

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Interference Effects in Leptonic Decays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is proven that in any leptonic decay experiment in which the lepton masses and charges may be neglected, and in which no pseudoscalar correlations are measured, all V·A interference terms will be antisymmetric under exchange of the two leptons, while the pure V and A terms will be symmetric. If the experiment measures a pseudoscalar correlation, these conclusions are reversed. Even if the lepton masses cannot be ignored (e.g., for ?0??-+?¯+p, or low-energy ? decay) it is still true that no V·A interference may appear when scalars are measured, and only V·A interference may contribute when pseudoscalars are measured, providing that the lepton spins and momenta are not directly observed. Thus experiments can be devised that involve no interference effects, or only interference effects. This theorem holds independently of the strangeness change, spin change, energy transfer, or of any particular assumptions about the form of the V and A currents. It proves most useful when it is difficult or tedious to calculate transition rates directly. Applications are discussed, including possible tests of the Feynman-Gell-Mann theory in nonunique forbidden ? decay, of the nature of the leptonic ?0 and K0 decay interaction, and of the charge symmetry properties of weak interactions.

Steven Weinberg

1959-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Interference Tests at Kawerau, New Zealand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of interference tests at the Kawerau geothermal field in New Zealand has indicated that the reservoir may be viewed on a coarse scale as a two-layer structure. While these layers have high permeabilities, they are in poor hydrological communication with each other. The shallower layer is modelled as a finite cylindrical reservoir. The deeper layer is modelled as a larger cylindrical reservoir with recharge from the sides. The fitted permeabilities and storativities suggest the importance of flow in fractures at Kawerau. 2 tabs., 14 figs., 8 refs.

Burnell, John G.; McGuinness, Mark J.

1987-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

40

Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.

Juan Carlos Garcia-Escartin

2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Improving Alpha Spectrometry Energy Resolution by Ion Implantation with ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report results of a novel technique using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS) as a method of source preparation for alpha spectrometry. This method produced thin, contaminant free 241Am samples which yielded extraordinary energy resolution which appear to be at the lower limit of the detection technology used in this research.

Dion, Michael P.; Liezers, Martin; Farmer, Orville T.; Miller, Brian W.; Morley, Shannon M.; Barinaga, Charles J.; Eiden, Gregory C.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

What we doWhat we do GISS ICP at Columbia University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems. Current ICP research topics are: Alternative Energy Scenarios for the 21st Century; Storms, energy, ga Research and Education Conference At this daylong annual conference, more than 100 students, teachers and scientists on earth and space g-Diaz, New York Hayden Summer Institute Research Internships We

43

Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS: application to seawater and natural carbonates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS: application to seawater and natural method for lithium isotope ratio (7 Li/6 Li) determinations with low total lithium consumption ( lithium from all matrix elements using small volume resin (2 ml/3.4 meq AG 50W-X8) and low volume elution

Weston, Ken

44

Detectability of Radio Frequency Interference due to Spread Spectrum Communication Signals using the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Detectability of Radio Frequency Interference due to Spread Spectrum Communication Signals using-- Analysis of detectability of the kurtosis algorithm for pulsed-sinusoidal Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) has already been performed in detail. The detectability for wide- band spread-spectrum RFI

Ruf, Christopher

45

Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

angled solar cells, and an Arduino microprocessor to trackphotovoltaic cell, and an Arduino microprocessor, the amount

Harding, Jesse Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Development of an on-line isotope dilution laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP-MS) method for determination of boron in silicon wafers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A method has been developed based on an on-line isotope dilution technique couple with laser ablation/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA–ICP-MS), for the determination of boron in p-type silicon wafers. The laser-ablated sample aerosol was mixed on-line with an enriched boron aerosol supplied continuously using a conventional nebulization system. Upon mixing the two aerosol streams, the isotope ratio of boron changed rapidly and was then recorded by the ICP-MS system for subsequent quantification based on the isotope dilution principle. As an on-line solid analysis method, this system accurately quantifies boron concentrations in silicon wafers without the need for an internal or external solid reference standard material. Using this on-line isotope dilution technique, the limit of detection for boron in silicon wafers is 2.8 × 1015 atoms cm?3. The analytical results obtained using this on-line methodology agree well with those obtained using wet chemical digestion methods for the analysis of p-type silicon wafers containing boron concentrations ranging from 1.0 × 1016 to 9.6 × 1018 atoms cm?3.

Chao-Kai Yang; Po-Hsiang Chi; Yong-Chine Lin; Yuh-Chang Sun; Mo-Hsiung Yang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Institute on Climate and Planets http://icp.giss.nasa.gov/ The Role of the Atmosphere and Greenhouse Effect in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

http://icp.giss.nasa.gov/ The Role of the Atmosphere and Greenhouse Effect in Determining the Surface. This process is the natural greenhouse effect. The earths surface receives solar energy and energy reradiated

48

Study on Conducted Interference and Radiated Interference of Buck-Boost Converter in Electric Automobile  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Buck-boost converter is an important component of electric automobile, it is an important interference source in electric automobile, the study of the interference source is ... of buck-boost converter is simplif...

Jian Wang; Youqun Zhao; Liguo Zang; Wei Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Analysis of solar neutrino problem by means of Nötzold and Nakagawa's approach including the interference term- Hyperbolic-tangent profile for electron density in the sun and exact solution -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using an exact solution with the hyperbolic-tangent profile for the electron density in the sun, which is developed by N\\"{o}tzold and later modified by Nakagawa, we have analyzed the solar neutrino problem. An interference term in their approach is correctly taken into account. Combining the hyperbolic-tangent profile with the BP2000, we obtain a phenomenological fitting in the analytic form. Combining recent observed results for survival probability $P(\

Masahiro Kaneyama; Minoru Biyajima

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

50

Shielding effectiveness against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of metal-filled and metal-coated plastics and other modified dielectric materials to replace metals for enclosures has created a need to test these materials for their electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE). Shielding effectiveness involves a variety of electromagnetic environments, and useful data can be obtained from tests that carefully limit the environment to that of a plane wave. Such an environment can be created in a circular or rectangular transmission line. Two such transmission line test fixtures, which hold samples of the material to be tested, have been developed. The fixtures described in this report are the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) coaxial transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell, and a dual TEM cell constructed at ORNL from a design suggested by the NBS. The NBS coaxial fixture is an improved version of the device recommended by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The problems associated with measuring SE are well described in the literature. The two methods described here are the result of years of work to establish procedures and instrumentation that will produce acceptable data.

Googe, J.M.; Hess, R.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Degrees of Freedom of Rank-Deficient MIMO Interference Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X Kc | Y 1 ) + K 2 Figure rank interference n Outer n bound:the degrees of freedom of rank deficient interference chan-of 2-user and 3-user rank-deficient mimo interference

Krishnamurthy, Sundar Rajan; Ramakrishnan, Abinesh; Jafar, Syed Ali

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Composites Ning (SWNT)-polymer composites have been fabricated to evaluate the electromagnetic interference (EMI

Gao, Hongjun

53

Electromagnetic Interference in Wireless Communications: Behavioral-Level Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference in Wireless Communications: Behavioral-Level Simulation Approach in electromagnetic interference (EMI) modeling and simulation for modern and future wireless communication systems

Loyka, Sergey

54

Easy and inexpensive demonstration of light interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interference of scattered light is easy and inexpensive to observe using a flashlight mirror and talcum powder. Using this phenomenon the thickness of plastic wrap was measured using a light emitting diode point source.

Charles A. Sawicki

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Decision Theory with Prospect Interference and Entanglement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel variant of decision making based on the mathematical theory of separable Hilbert spaces. This mathematical structure captures the effect of superposition of composite prospects, including many incorporated intentions, which allows us to describe a variety of interesting fallacies and anomalies that have been reported to particularize the decision making of real human beings. The theory characterizes entangled decision making, non-commutativity of subsequent decisions, and intention interference. We demonstrate how the violation of the Savage's sure-thing principle, known as the disjunction effect, can be explained quantitatively as a result of the interference of intentions, when making decisions under uncertainty. The disjunction effects, observed in experiments, are accurately predicted using a theorem on interference alternation that we derive, which connects aversion-to-uncertainty to the appearance of negative interference terms suppressing the probability of actions. The conjunction fallacy is also explained by the presence of the interference terms. A series of experiments are analysed and shown to be in excellent agreement with a priori evaluation of interference effects. The conjunction fallacy is also shown to be a sufficient condition for the disjunction effect and novel experiments testing the combined interplay between the two effects are suggested.

V. I. Yukalov; D. Sornette

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

56

Fundamental and methodological investigations for the improvement of elemental analysis by inductively coupled plasma mass soectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation describes a variety of studies meant to improve the analytical performance of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and laser ablation (LA) ICP-MS. The emission behavior of individual droplets and LA generated particles in an ICP is studied using a high-speed, high frame rate digital camera. Phenomena are observed during the ablation of silicate glass that would cause elemental fractionation during analysis by ICP-MS. Preliminary work for ICP torch developments specifically tailored for the improvement of LA sample introduction are presented. An abnormal scarcity of metal-argon polyatomic ions (MAr{sup +}) is observed during ICP-MS analysis. Evidence shows that MAr{sup +} ions are dissociated by collisions with background gas in a shockwave near the tip of the skimmer cone. Method development towards the improvement of LA-ICP-MS for environmental monitoring is described. A method is developed to trap small particles in a collodion matrix and analyze each particle individually by LA-ICP-MS.

Ebert, Christopher Hysjulien [Ames Laboratory

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

57

Ancestral Polynesian Pottery Production and Exchange Analysis Using LA-ICP-MS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Clark 1989). Within the last 400 years, Tula underwent shoreline progradation by approximately 0.4 kilometers, while shoreline progradation has occurred in Maloata as well, leaving behind 1500 year old cultural deposits (Ayres and Eisler 1987...). Studies in site formation processes at To?aga, Ofu resulted in a morphodynamic model for the development of the coastal plain at To?aga (Kirch 1993). This model demonstrates Holocene sea levels rose at range of 1 to 2 meters from 4000 to 2000 years B...

Bartek, Christopher

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

58

An automated hydride generation-cryogenic trapping-ICP-MS system for measuring inorganic and methylated Ge, Sb and As species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An automated hydride generation-cryogenic trapping-ICP-MS system for measuring inorganic of both flow injection and batch hydride generation and couples it to an automated cryogenic trapping unit with detection by ICP-MS. The Teflon cryogenic trap was packed with 10 cm of SE-30 5% Chromosorb W-HP 80­100 mesh

Canberra, University of

59

Receiver Autonomous Interference Detection Awele Ndili, Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for on-board interference detection and monitoring. Types of interference considered include CW interference, which occurs naturally in the operating environment of a GPS receiver, can surreptitiously monitoring. However in certain scenarios, interference to on-board receivers may be unobservable from

Stanford University

60

W-Z interference in ?-nucleus scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The creation of muon pairs by (anti)neutrinos in the Coulomb field of the nucleus provides a direct test of the interference between the intermediate-vector-boson amplitudes, as predicted by the weak-interaction theory. This paper summarizes the main features of the above process and discusses the feasibility of measuring the W-Z interference by searching for recoilless dimuon events using fine-grained counter neutrino detectors. The result from an earlier experiment which searched for this process is discussed in the context of the present calculation.

R. Belusevic and J. Smith

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Interference between electronic lighting and other appliances  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents empirical data from the laboratory and the field to provide an overview of electromagnetic interference between high-efficiency electronic lighting and certain other electronic devices, such as power-line carrier systems, security systems, and remote controls for televisions and VCRs. Reported cases involving both electronic lighting emissions and immunity in building power systems are summarized according to basic interference mechanisms. To illustrate the potential complexities of this problem, the paper describes a case where high-efficiency lighting interfered with a hearing aid. The hearing aid case includes a field survey, laboratory investigations, and recommended solutions to the problem.

Schwabe, R.J.; Zelingher, S. [New York Power Authority, New York, NY (United States); Key, T.; Phipps, K. [EPRI Power Electronics Applications Center, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

62

Wireless Link Scheduling under Physical Interference Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

approximation algorithms for link scheduling with or without power control. Index Terms--Link schedulingWireless Link Scheduling under Physical Interference Model Peng-Jun Wan, Ophir Frieder, Xiaohua Jia: jia@cs.cityu.edu.hk, csfyao@cityu.edu.hk Abstract--Link scheduling is a fundamental problem in multi

Jia, Xiaohua

63

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MAXIMAL CONDITIONAL EFFICIENCY SUCCESSIVE INTERFERENCE CANCELLATION Ananya Sen Gupta, Andrew C that maximizes the asymp- totic conditional efficiency at each stage of successive de- tection is also derived Urbana, IL 61801, USA ABSTRACT Conditional asymptotic multi-user efficiency is introduced

Singer, Andrew C

64

Steam Reforming Application for Treatment of DOE Sodium Bearing Tank Wastes at INL for ICP  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The patented THOR® steam reforming waste treatment technology has been selected as the technology of choice for treatment of Sodium Bearing Waste (SBW) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) for the Idaho Cleanup Project (ICP). SBW is an acidic tank waste at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC) at INL. It consists primarily of waste from decontamination activities and laboratory wastes. SBW contains high concentrations of nitric acid, alkali and aluminum nitrates, with minor amounts of many inorganic compounds including radionuclides, mainly cesium and strontium. The THOR® steam reforming process will convert the SBW tank waste feed into a dry, solid, granular product. The THOR® technology was selected to treat SBW, in part, because it can provide flexible disposal options to accommodate the final disposition path selected for SBW. THOR® can produce a final end-product that will meet anticipated requirements for disposal as Remote-Handled TRU (RH-TRU) waste; and, with modifications, THOR® can also produce a final endproduct that could be qualified for disposal as High Level Waste (HLW). SBW treatment will be take place within the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit (IWTU), a new facility that will be located at the INTEC. This paper provides an overview of the THOR® process chemistry and process equipment being designed for the IWTU.

J. Bradley Mason; Kevin Ryan; Scott Roesener; Michael Cowen; Duane Schmoker; Pat Bacala; Bill Landman

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Interference of Cooper pairs emitted from independent superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the interference in the two-particle distribution of the electrons emitted from two independent superconductors. It is clarified that, while the interference appearing in the antibunching correlation is due to the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect, that in the positive correlation due to superconductivity is intrinsically different and is nothing but the first-order interference of Cooper pairs emitted from different sources. This is the equivalent of the interference of two independent Bose-Einstein condensates.

Iazzi, Mauro [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), via Beirut 2-4, I-34014 Trieste (Italy); Yuasa, Kazuya [Waseda Institute for Advanced Study, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8050 (Japan)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Interference of Cooper pairs emitted from independent superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the interference in the two-particle distribution of the electrons emitted from two independent superconductors. It is clarified that, while the interference appearing in the antibunching correlation is due to the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect, that in the positive correlation due to superconductivity is intrinsically different and is nothing but the first-order interference of Cooper pairs emitted from different sources. This is the equivalent of the interference of two independent Bose-Einstein condensates.

Mauro Iazzi and Kazuya Yuasa

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

67

Quantum interference in an electron-hole graphene ring system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum interference is observed in a graphene ring system via the Aharonov Bohm effect. As graphene is a gapless semiconductor, this geometry allows to study the unique situation of quantum interference between electrons and holes in addition to the unipolar quantum interference. The period and amplitude of the observed Aharonov-Bohm oscillations are independent of the sign of the applied gate voltage showing the equivalence between unipolar and dipolar interference.

Smirnov, D.; Schmidt, H.; Haug, R. J. [Institut für Festkörperphysik, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Appelstr. 2 30167 Hannover (Germany)

2013-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

68

3. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY Abstract --The electromagnetic interference between the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

walls and tubes) and with strong EMI (Electromagnetic Interference). So it is ideal to use the power

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

69

Analyses spectroscopiques d'un plasma CO2-N2 (97%-3%), de type atmosphre martienne, par torche ICP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analyses spectroscopiques d'un plasma CO2-N2 (97%-3%), de type atmosphère martienne, par torche ICP couplage inductif, fonctionnant à la pression atmosphérique, est utilisée pour créer un plasma à partir d Electrique et Plasmas Thermiques, CNRS, 24 Av. des Landais, F63177 Aubière cedex,France, (2) Laboratoire d

Boyer, Edmond

70

Campaign-style titanite UPb dating by laser-ablation ICP: Implications for crustal flow, phase transformations and titanite closure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Campaign-style titanite U­Pb dating by laser-ablation ICP: Implications for crustal flow, phase transformations and titanite closure K.J. Spencer a , B.R. Hacker a, , A.R.C. Kylander-Clark a , T.B. Andersen b Editor: K. Mezger Keywords: Titanite Ultrahigh-pressure U­Pb Norway U­Pb dates of titanite from >150

Hacker, Bradley R.

71

Mitigating the Hospital Area Communication's Interference using Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, their communications could greatly increase electromagnetic interference with other critical medical equip- ments. There is therefore a need to mitigate potential risks of electromagnetic interference between the patients wireless should be devel- oped to ensure efficient communications while minimizing electromagnetic interference

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

72

What is the Right Model for Wireless Channel Interference?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the Right Model for Wireless Channel Interference? Aravind Iyer, Catherine Rosenberg, and the links do not interfere with one another. In contrast, in a wireless network, signal transmissions are intrinsically broadcast, and suffer from mutual interference. In several physical layer technologies, a wireless

Rosenberg, Catherine P.

73

GPS Receiver Autonomous Interference Detection Awele Ndili, Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-board interference detection and monitoring. Types of interference considered include coherent CW and broadband in the operating environment of a GPS receiver, can surreptitiously degrade accuracy, and thereby compromise early detection of the presence of RF interference. Previous approaches to GPS integrity monitoring

Stanford University

74

Validation of Electrochemically Modulated Separations Performed On-Line with MC-ICP-MS for Uranium and Plutonium Isotopic Analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The most time consuming process in uranium or plutonium isotopic analyses is performing the requisite chromatographic separation of the actinides. Filament preparation for thermal ionization (TIMS) adds further delays, but is generally accepted due to the unmatched performance in trace isotopic analyses. Advances in Multi-Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) are beginning to rival the performance of TIMS. Methods, such as Electrochemically Modulated Separations (EMS) can efficiently pre-concentrate U or Pu quite selectively from small solution volumes in a matrix of 0.5 M nitric acid. When performed in-line with ICP-MS, the rapid analyte release from the electrode is fast, and large transient analyte signal enhancements of >100 fold can be achieved as compared to more conventional continuous nebulization of the original starting solution. This makes the approach ideal for very low level isotope ratio measurements. In this paper, some aspects of EMS performance are described. These include low level Pu isotope ratio behavior versus concentration by MC-ICP-MS and uranium rejection characteristics that are also important for reliable low level Pu isotope ratio determinations.

Liezers, Martin; Olsen, Khris B.; Mitroshkov, Alexandre V.; Duckworth, Douglas C.

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

75

Relevance of Bose-Einstein condensation to the interference of two independent Bose gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interference of two independently prepared ideal Bose gases is discussed, on the basis of the idea of measurement-induced interference. It is known that, even if the number of atoms in each gas is individually fixed finite and the symmetry of the system is not broken, an interference pattern is observed on each single snapshot. The key role is played by the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect, which leads to an oscillating pattern of the cloud of identical atoms. Then, how essential is the Bose-Einstein condensation to the interference? In this work, we describe two ideal Bose gases trapped in two separate three-dimensional harmonic traps at a finite temperature T, using the canonical ensembles (with fixed numbers of atoms). We compute the full statistics of the snapshot profiles of the expanding and overlapping gases released from the traps. We obtain a simple formula valid for finite T, which shows that the average fringe spectrum (average fringe contrast) is given by the purity of each gas. The purity is known to be a good measure of condensation, and the formula clarifies the relevance of the condensation to the interference. The results for T=0, previously known in the literature, can be recovered from our analysis. The fluctuation of the interference spectrum is also studied, and it is shown that the fluctuation is vanishingly small only below the critical temperature T{sub c}, meaning that interference pattern is certainly observed on every snapshot below T{sub c}. The fact that the number of atoms is fixed in the canonical ensemble is crucial to this vanishing fluctuation.

Iazzi, Mauro [International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), via Beirut 2-4, I-34014 Trieste (Italy); Yuasa, Kazuya [Waseda Institute for Advanced Study, Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8050 (Japan)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

76

Relevance of Bose-Einstein condensation to the interference of two independent Bose gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interference of two independently prepared ideal Bose gases is discussed, on the basis of the idea of measurement-induced interference. It is known that, even if the number of atoms in each gas is individually fixed finite and the symmetry of the system is not broken, an interference pattern is observed on each single snapshot. The key role is played by the Hanbury Brown and Twiss effect, which leads to an oscillating pattern of the cloud of identical atoms. Then, how essential is the Bose-Einstein condensation to the interference? In this work, we describe two ideal Bose gases trapped in two separate three-dimensional harmonic traps at a finite temperature T, using the canonical ensembles (with fixed numbers of atoms). We compute the full statistics of the snapshot profiles of the expanding and overlapping gases released from the traps. We obtain a simple formula valid for finite T, which shows that the average fringe spectrum (average fringe contrast) is given by the purity of each gas. The purity is known to be a good measure of condensation, and the formula clarifies the relevance of the condensation to the interference. The results for T=0, previously known in the literature, can be recovered from our analysis. The fluctuation of the interference spectrum is also studied, and it is shown that the fluctuation is vanishingly small only below the critical temperature Tc, meaning that interference pattern is certainly observed on every snapshot below Tc. The fact that the number of atoms is fixed in the canonical ensemble is crucial to this vanishing fluctuation.

Mauro Iazzi and Kazuya Yuasa

2011-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

77

Immunizing digital systems against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant`s electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Secondly, a test and evaluation program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate test limits to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. Test and evaluation should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation problems associated with EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Immunizing digital systems against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant's electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Secondly, a test and evaluation program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate test limits to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. Test and evaluation should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation problems associated with EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Antonescu, C. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Measurement of elemental speciation by liquid chromatography -- inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS) with the direct injection nebulizer (DIN)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This thesis is divided into 4 parts: elemental speciation, speciation of mercury and lead compounds by microbore column LC-ICP-MS with direct injection nebulization, spatially resolved measurements of size and velocity distributions of aerosol droplets from a direct injection nebulizer, and elemental speciation by anion exchange and size exclusion chromatography with detection by ICP-MS with direct injection nebulization. Tabs, figs, refs.

Shum, S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer-matrix composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding material with shielding effectiveness 124 dB, low surface impedance interference shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding is receiv- ing increasing

Chung, Deborah D.L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Response of radio frequency superconducting quantum interference devices to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of applications of high-temperature superconductor radio frequency superconducting quantum interference devices (rf SQUIDs) require a certain immunity of these sensors against electromagnetic interference (EMI). We have investigated effects of electromagnetic radiation in the high-frequency and ultrahigh-frequency range on various types of rf SQUIDs. It has been found that EMI of sufficient field strength reduces the voltage versus flux transfer function, and thus increases the flux noise of the SQUIDs. SQUIDs with a wire wound tank circuit coil have been found to be more sensitive to EMI than SQUIDs integrated into a superconducting microstrip resonator. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Mueck, M.; Dechert, J.; Gail, J.; Kreutzbruck, M.; Schoene, S.; Weidl, R. [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany)] [Institut fuer Angewandte Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Generalized Terminal Modeling of Electromagnetic Interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Terminal models have been used for various applications. In this paper, a three-terminal model is proposed for electromagnetic-interference (EMI) characterization. The model starts with a power electronic system at a particular operating condition and creates a unique linearized equivalent circuit. Impedances and current/voltage sources define the noise throughout the entire EMI frequency spectrum. All parameters needed to create the model are clearly defined to ensure convergence and maximize accuracy. In addition, the accuracy of the model is confirmed up to 100 MHz for a dc-dc boost converter using both simulation and experimental validation.

Baisden, Andrew Carson [IEEE Industrial Applications Society; Boroyevich, Dushan [Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech); Wang, Fei [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Salt Wells Area (Coolbaugh...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

by standard Induced Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS), using ICP emission and atomic absorption methods for cations and ICP emission for anions. The hottest sampled...

84

Mitigating Wind-Radar Interference | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

mitigating radar interference caused by the physical and electromagnetic effects of wind turbines. These new mitigation technologies are expected to open up new areas to wind...

85

Sandia National Laboratories: Siting: Wind Turbine/Radar Interference...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and MIT Lincoln Laboratory). The goal is to overcome interference caused by wind turbines on civilian and military radar systems by developing site planning tools,...

86

Long working distance incoherent interference microscope  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A full-field imaging, long working distance, incoherent interference microscope suitable for three-dimensional imaging and metrology of MEMS devices and test structures on a standard microelectronics probe station. A long working distance greater than 10 mm allows standard probes or probe cards to be used. This enables nanometer-scale 3-dimensional height profiles of MEMS test structures to be acquired across an entire wafer while being actively probed, and, optionally, through a transparent window. An optically identical pair of sample and reference arm objectives is not required, which reduces the overall system cost, and also the cost and time required to change sample magnifications. Using a LED source, high magnification (e.g., 50.times.) can be obtained having excellent image quality, straight fringes, and high fringe contrast.

Sinclair, Michael B. (Albuquerque, NM); De Boer, Maarten P. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

87

A Graphical Demonstration of White Light Interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A teaching device is described which can be used in lectures on the interference of white light. The wave forms of four selected components of white light in the violet green yellow and red regions are shown one above the other on a cardboard chart inked in their respective colors. A sheet of clear plastic with an identical set of waves drawn on it is placed over the chart so that the two sets are in register. The combination represents a beam of white light as it arrives at the retina. A retardation of part of the beam is illustrated by displacing the plastic sheet laterally. Since the sine waves differ among themselves in wavelength the various phase changes which result among the four components are shown quite clearly.

Alan C. Traub

1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Aerodynamic interference between two Darrieus wind turbines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of aerodynamic interference on the performance of two curved bladed Darrieus-type vertical axis wind turbines has been calculated using a vortex/lifting line aerodynamic model. The turbines have a tower-to-tower separation distance of 1.5 turbine diameters, with the line of turbine centers varying with respect to the ambient wind direction. The effects of freestream turbulence were neglected. For the cases examined, the calculations showed that the downwind turbine power decrement (1) was significant only when the line of turbine centers was coincident with the ambient wind direction, (2) increased with increasing tipspeed ratio, and (3) is due more to induced flow angularities downstream than to speed deficits near the downstream turbine.

Schatzle, P.R.; Klimas, P.C.; Spahr, H.R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Determination of Boron in Coal Using Closed-Vessel Microwave Digestion and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous studies indicate that boron in coal has been mostly determined by atomic emission spectroscopy (AES) or inductively coupled plasma–atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). ... The results (Figure 1) indicated that a 2% ammonia solution can effectively eliminate the boron memory effect and reduce boron signals to blank levels (within 120 s), similar to analytical results obtained by Al-Ammar et al.(54) and Huang et al.(55) The boron memory effect is not attributed to the skimmer, sampler, or other mass spectrometer components, but originates from the tendency of boron to volatilize as boric acid from the sample solution that covers the inside surface of the ICP-MS spray chamber. ... Using different online additions of internal standard solutions, the observed boron concentrations based on the 10B and 11B spectral lines are close to each other, indicating that the observed boron concentrations based on the two isotope spectral lines are both suitable for determination of boron in coal. ...

Shifeng Dai; Weijiao Song; Lei Zhao; Xiao Li; James C. Hower; Colin R. Ward; Peipei Wang; Tian Li; Xin Zheng; Vladimir V. Seredin; Panpan Xie; Qingqian Li

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

90

Direct solid sample analysis with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry—A fast and reliable screening procedure for the determination of inorganic arsenic in fish and seafood  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Direct solid sample analysis with graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (SS-GF AAS) was investigated initially with the intention of developing a method for the determination of total As in fish and other seafood. A mixture of 0.1% Pd+0.06% Mg+0.06% Triton X-100 was used as the chemical modifier, added in solution over the solid samples, making possible the use of pyrolysis and atomization temperatures of 1200 °C and 2400 °C, respectively. The sample mass had to be limited to 0.25 mg, as the integrated absorbance did not increase further with increasing sample mass. Nevertheless, the recovery of As from several certified reference materials was of the order of 50% lower than the certified value. Strong molecular absorption due to the phosphorus monoxide molecule (PO) was observed with high-resolution continuum source AAS (HR CS AAS), which, however, did not cause any spectral interference. A microwave-assisted digestion with HNO3/H2O2 was also investigated to solve the problem; however, the results obtained for several certified reference materials were statistically not different from those found with direct SS-GF AAS. Accurate values were obtained using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) to analyze the digested samples, which suggested that organic As compounds are responsible for the low recoveries. HPLC–ICP-MS was used to determine the arsenobetaine (AB) concentration. Accurate results that were not different from the certified values were obtained when the AB concentration was added to the As concentration found by SS-GF AAS for most certified reference materials (CRM) and samples, suggesting that SS-GF AAS could be used as a fast screening procedure for inorganic As determination in fish and seafood.

Ariane V. Zmozinski; Toni Llorente-Mirandes; Isabel C.F. Damin; José F. López-Sánchez; Maria Goreti R. Vale; Bernhard Welz; Márcia M. Silva

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Rotational-level mixing and intracollisional interference in the pure rotational spectrum of HD gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rotational-level mixing by anisotropic intermolecular forces is found to be important to the mechanism which produces intracollisional interference effects in the pure rotational spectrum of HD and HD–inert-gas mixtures. The major contribution involves the anisotropic repulsive term in the potential and the anisotropic overlap-induced dipole moment. Improved agreement between calculation and experiment results when the mixing is included in the analysis.

G. C. Tabisz and J. Bradley Nelson

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Testimony of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Testimony of James E. Hansen;2 Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Contents 1. Rationale of Presentation 2. My by NASA Office of Public Affairs C. Executive Control of Purse Strings 3. Practical Impact of Political

Hansen, James E.

93

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Resisting Analog Integrated Circuit Design Tutorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) RESISTING ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN TUTORIAL A Thesis by JINGJING YU Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 2012 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (EMI) RESISTING ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN TUTORIAL A Thesis by JINGJING YU Submitted to the Office...

Yu, Jingjing

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

94

Optimal Energy-Bandwidth Allocation for Energy Harvesting Interference Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimal Energy-Bandwidth Allocation for Energy Harvesting Interference Networks Zhe Wang, Vaneet@research.att.com Abstract--We develop optimal energy-bandwidth allocation algorithm for the energy harvesting transmitters in interference networks. We assume that both the channel gain and the harvested energy are known for K slots

Fisher, Kathleen

95

Interference Analysis for Spatial Reused Cooperative Multihop Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency and energy efficiency of the system, we propose a cooperative multihop communication with spatial spectral and energy efficiencies. To further increase of multiplexing gain and energy efficiency-sur-Yvette, France ECE Department, University of Houston, USA Email: bmaham@ut.ac

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

96

Power line carrier interference from HVDC converter terminals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Power line carrier (PLC) equipment typically operates in the frequency range from 25 kHz to 300 kHz. Interference studies for HVDC converters usually concentrate on interference from noise sources within this frequency range. However, operating experience at the Sandy Pond converter terminal has indicated that PLC equipment is also susceptible to interference from sources of power system harmonics below the PLC frequency range. Extensive field testing and analytical studies have shown that each PLC circuit has a resonant frequency below the operating frequency. If excited at this resonant frequency, high voltages may exist within the PLC circuit. The resulting saturation of PLC components leads to local generation of radio frequency (RF) noise that interferes with proper operation of PLC circuits. Sources of power system harmonics in the 3-10 kHz range, such as line commutated dc converters, are potential sources of this type of interference.

Tatro, P.J.; Adamson, K.A. (New England Power Service Co., Westborough, MA (United States)); Eitzmann, M.A.; Smead, M. (GE Industrial and Power Systems, Schenectady, NY (United States). Power Systems Engineering Dept.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Dynamical features of interference phenomena in the presence of entanglement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A strongly interacting, and entangling, heavy nonrecoiling external particle effects a significant change of the environment. Described locally, the corresponding entanglement event is a generalized electric Aharonov-Bohm effect, which differs from the original one in a crucial way. We propose a gedanken interference experiment. The predicted shift of the interference pattern is due to a self-induced or ''private'' potential difference experienced while the particle is in vacuum. We show that all nontrivial Born-Oppenheimer potentials are ''private'' potentials. We apply the Born-Oppenheimer approximation to interference states. Using our approach, we calculate the relative phase of the external heavy particle as well as its uncertainty throughout an interference experiment or entanglement event. We thus complement the Born-Oppenheimer approximation for interference states.

Kaufherr, T. [Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Physics Department, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000 (Israel); Aharonov, Y. [Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Chapman University, Schmid College of Sciences, Orange, California 92866 (United States); Nussinov, S. [Tel Aviv University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Popescu, S. [H.H. Wills Physics Laboratory, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TK (United Kingdom); Tollaksen, J. [Chapman University, Schmid College of Sciences, Orange, California 92866 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

Electromagnetic Interference from the ILC Beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference is an emerging problem of the future. This investigation analyzed the data collected from airborne radiation waves that caused electronic devices to fail. This investigation was set up at SLAC in End Station A and the data collected from the electromagnetic waves were received from antennas. In order to calibrate the antennas it required a signal generator to transmit the signals to the antenna and a digital oscilloscope to receive the radiation waves from the other antenna. The signal generator that was used was only able to generate signals between 1 and 1.45 GHz; therefore, the calibrations were not able to be completed. Instead, excel was used to create a curve fitting for the attenuation factors that were already factory calibrated. The function from the curve fitting was then used to extend the calibrations on the biconical and yagi antennas. A fast Fourier Transform was then ran in Matlab on the radiation waves received by the oscilloscope; in addition, the attenuation factors were calculated into the program to show the actual amplitudes of these radiation waves. For future research, the antennas will be manually calibrated and the results will be reanalyzed.

Brown, LaVonda N.; /Norfolk State U. /SLAC

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

99

Simulation and Modeling Techniques for Signal Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High Frequency Electronic Systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation and Modeling Techniques for Signal Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High and Modeling Techniques for Signal Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High Frequency Electronic Integrity and Electromagnetic Interference on High Frequency Electronic Systems. by Luca Daniel Doctor

Daniel, Luca

100

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 279285 Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 279­285 Review Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness materials for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding are reviewed. They include composite materials-structural and structural composites, colloi- dal graphite, as well as EMI gasket materials. Electromagnetic interference

Chung, Deborah D.L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Quantitative 3-D Elemental Mapping by LA-ICP-MS of a Basaltic Clast from the Hanford 300 Area, Washington, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantitative 3-D Elemental Mapping by LA-ICP-MS of a Basaltic Clast from the Hanford 300 Area collected from the Hanford 300 Area in south-central Washington State, United States. A calibration method and riparian quality in many locations, most notably at the Hanford, Savannah River, Oak Ridge, and Nevada Test

Hu, Qinhong "Max"

102

Interference-induced splitting of resonances in spontaneous emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the resonance fluorescence from a coherently driven four-level atom in the Y-type configuration. The effects of quantum interference induced by spontaneous emission on the fluorescence properties of the atom are investigated. It is found that the quantum interference resulting from cascade emission decays of the atom leads to a splitting of resonances in the excited level populations calculated as a function of light detuning. For some parameters, interference assisted enhancement of inner sidebands and narrowing of central peaks may also occur in the fluorescence spectrum. We present a physical understandingof our numerical results using the dressed state description of the atom-light interaction.

R. Arun

2007-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

Witnessing Entanglement of EPR States With Second-Order Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The separability of the continuous-variable EPR state can be tested with Hanbury-Brown and Twiss type interference. The second-order visibility of such interference can provide an experimental test of entanglement. It is shown that time-resolved interference leads to the Hong, Ou and Mandel deep, that provides a signature of quantum non-separability for pure and mixed EPR states. A Hanbury-Brown and Twiss type witness operator can be constructed to test the quantum nature of the EPR entanglement.

Magdalena Stobi?ska; Krzysztof Wódkiewicz

2005-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

104

GSI Oscillations as Interference of Neutrino Flavour Mass--Eigenstates and Measuring Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is addressed to the proof of the important role of measuring apparatus, i.e. the measuring process, in the formation of necessary and sufficient conditions for the explanation of a time modulation of K-shell electron capture (EC) decay rates of hydrogen-like (H-like) heavy ions (or the GSI oscillations) as the interference of neutrino mass-eigenstates of the electron neutrino constituents. For our analysis we use a toy-model, which has been recently proposed by Peshkin arXiv: 1403.4292 [nucl-th] for a verification of the mechanism of the GSI oscillations as the interference of neutrino mass-eigenstates by Ivanov and Kienle Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 062502 (2009).

Ivanov, A N

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

GSI Oscillations as Interference of Neutrino Flavour Mass--Eigenstates and Measuring Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is addressed to the proof of the important role of measuring apparatus, i.e. the measuring process, in the formation of necessary and sufficient conditions for the explanation of a time modulation of K-shell electron capture (EC) decay rates of hydrogen-like (H-like) heavy ions (or the GSI oscillations) as the interference of neutrino mass-eigenstates of the electron neutrino constituents. For our analysis we use a toy-model, which has been recently proposed by Peshkin arXiv: 1403.4292 [nucl-th] for a verification of the mechanism of the GSI oscillations as the interference of neutrino mass-eigenstates by Ivanov and Kienle Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 062502 (2009).

A. N. Ivanov; P. Kienle

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

106

Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel interference on a silicon quantum photonic circuit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel quantum interference is observed in silicon nanophotonic directional couplers with raw visibilities on-chip at 90.5%. Spectrally-bright 1557-nm two-photon states are generated in a periodically-poled KTiOPO4 waveguide chip, serving as the entangled photon source and pumped with a self-injection locked laser, for the photon statistical measurements. Efficient four-port coupling in the communications C-band and in the high-index-contrast silicon photonics platform is demonstrated, with matching theoretical predictions of the quantum interference visibility. Constituents for the residual quantum visibility imperfection are examined, supported with theoretical analysis of the sequentially-triggered multipair biphoton contribution and techniques for visibility compensation, towards scalable high-bitrate quantum information processing and communications.

Xinan Xu; Zhenda Xie; Jiangjun Zheng; Junlin Liang; Tian Zhong; Mingbin Yu; Serdar Kocaman; Guo-Qiang Lo; Dim-Lee Kwong; Dirk R. Englund; Franco N. C. Wong; Chee Wei Wong

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

107

Continuum flow sampling mass spectrometer for elemental analysis with an inductively coupled plasma ion source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sampling of ions from an atmospheric pressure inductively coupled plasma for mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) with a supersonic nozzle and skimmer is shown to follow similar behavior found for neutral beam studies and for ion extraction from other plasmas and flames. In particular, highest ion beam intensity is found if the skimmer tip is close to the Mach disk and at a calculated skimming Knudsen number close to the recommended value of 1. Our ICP-MS instrument with an off-axis detector and conventional cylindrical electrostatic ion focusing in the transition flow regime gives intense count rates of 1 to 5 MHz per mg L/sup -1/ of analyte superimposed on a background of 1 to 10 kHz. The dependence of count rates for metal oxide and doubly charged ions on ICP operating parameters, and sampling interface configuration are discussed for this instrument. A simple method is described for the approximate measurement of the ion energy distribution in ICP-MS. The average ion kinetic energy, kinetic energy spread, and maximum kinetic energy are evaluated from a plot of ion signal as a function of retarding voltage applied to the quadrupole mass analyzer. The effects of plasma operating parameters on ion signals and energies are described. In particular, kinetic energy is a sensitive function of aerosol gas flow rate. This behavior is attributed to a non-thermal, possibly electrical, interaction between the plasma and the sampling interface, which is induced by the presence of the axial channel in the ICP. The interference on the ionization of cobalt by five salts, NaCl, MgCl/sub 2/, NH/sub 4/I, NH/sub 4/Br and NH/sub 4/Cl, in an ICP is first considered theoretically and subsequently the theoretical trends are established experimentally by ICP-MS. The interference trends are found to be in the order of the most easily ionized element in the matrix salt, i.e., Na > Mg > I > Br > Cl.

Olivares, J.A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

On-Line Boron-10 Determination from Blood Samples by ICP-MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accurate and fast boron analysis is essential in BNC-treatment of glioma patients. Standard boron analytical assay from biological samples are direct current plasma atomic emission spectrometry,1 inductively coup...

M. Kulvik; J. Laakso; J. Vähätalo; R. Zilliacus

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

E-Print Network 3.0 - active electromagnetic interference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electromagnetic interference Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: active electromagnetic interference Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

110

Medium Voltage Overhead Power-line Broadband Communications; Transmission Capacity and Electromagnetic Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Electromagnetic Interference P. Amirshahi and M. Kavehrad (FIEEE) The Pennsylvania State University, Department distribution networks for broadband power-line communications applications. Electromagnetic interference

Kavehrad, Mohsen

111

1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting wireless devices around the globe, there  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting electromagnetic interference (EMI) across the airwaves. These communication networks are ubiquitous and dynamic

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

112

Evaluation of pneumatic nebulization and ns-laser ablation ICP-MS for bulk elemental analysis and 2-dimensional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ID: JA-ART-12-2013-050387 Article Type: Paper Date Submitted by the Author: 12-Dec-2013 Complete List Brussels, Belgium.25 Electronic Supplementary Information (ESI) available Introduction The continuously

Claeys, Philippe

113

Elemental fractionation during LA-ICP-MS analysis of silicate glasses: implications for matrix-independent standardization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-independent standardization Mabry Gaboardi and Munir Humayun* Received 16th January 2009, Accepted 11th June 2009 First-independent standardization of refractory elements is possible if the internal normalizing element is approximately the same uniform ESRs in transparent samples and matrix-independent standardization of volatiles in transparent

Weston, Ken

114

Reusable plasmonic substrates fabricated by interference lithography: a platform for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reusable plasmonic substrates fabricated by interference lithography: a platform for systematic between electromagnetic and chemical enhancement, the development of standardized and recyclable SERS open a powerful platform within an analytical tool and in particular for systematic SERS studies

Dalang, Robert C.

115

Quantum interference within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum interference is investigated within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. As shown in a previous work [Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 (2009) 250401], complex quantum trajectories display helical wrapping around stagnation tubes and hyperbolic deflection near vortical tubes, these structures being prominent features of quantum caves in space-time Argand plots. Here, we further analyze the divergence and vorticity of the quantum momentum function along streamlines near poles, showing the intricacy of the complex dynamics. Nevertheless, despite this behavior, we show that the appearance of the well-known interference features (on the real axis) can be easily understood in terms of the rotation of the nodal line in the complex plane. This offers a unified description of interference as well as an elegant and practical method to compute the lifetime for interference features, defined in terms of the average wrapping time, i.e., considering such features as a resonant process.

Chou, Chia-Chun, E-mail: chiachun@mail.utexas.ed [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Sanz, Angel S., E-mail: asanz@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Miret-Artes, Salvador, E-mail: s.miret@imaff.cfmac.csic.e [Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 123, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Wyatt, Robert E., E-mail: wyattre@mail.utexas.ed [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry and Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Student's difficulties with the theory of double-slit interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

developed abstract thinking abilities [3, 4]. The remainder are unable to learn physics by listening arrangement for theoretical treatment of double-slit interference. Figure 2. The mechanical device

Planin�iè, Gorazd

117

Malachite Green Interferes with Postantibiotic Recovery of Mycobacteria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Analytical Procedures Malachite Green Interferes with Postantibiotic Recovery...contain the arylmethane compound malachite green, which has broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Malachite green has no impact on the plating efficiency...

Ekaterina Gelman; John D. McKinney; Neeraj Dhar

2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

Young’s double-slit interference experiment with electrons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this short Note we report a method for producing samples containing two nano-sized slits suitable for demonstrating to undergraduate and graduate students the double-slit electron interference experiment in a conventional transmission electron microscope.

S. Frabboni; G. C. Gazzadi; G. Pozzi

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

An interference removal technique for radio pulsar searches  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......interference (RFI) originates in unshielded electrical equipment which produces discharges, such as automobile ignition systems, electric motors, and fluorescent lighting, as well as discharge from high-voltage power transmission lines......

R. P. Eatough; E. F. Keane; A. G. Lyne

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

An interference solving methodology for form feature modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN INTERFERENCE SOLVING METHODOLOGY FOR FORM FEATURE MODELING A Thesis by TIEN-LUNG SUN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AgtM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May... 1992 Major Subject: Industrial Engineering AN INTERFERENCE SOLVING METHODOLOGY FOR FORM FEATURE MODELING A Thesis by TIEN-LUNG SUN Approved as to style and content by; Richar . Mayer (Chairman f Committee) Richard A. Wys (Member) C -Jnn Su...

Sun, Tien-Lung

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Interference in above-threshold-ionization electron distributions from molecules  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present quantum-mechanical studies on above-threshold ionization of molecular ions in two and three dimensions. The momentum distributions show signatures of interfering emissions from the molecular centers. These structures deviate from a simple double-slit model that ignores the electron-ion interaction, but they are reproduced by an eikonal model. Such distortions of the interference pattern are partly responsible for the absence of clear interference patterns in the angle-integrated electron energy spectra.

Henkel, Jost [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universitaet Wuerzburg, and Roentgen Research Center for Complex Material Systems, Am Hubland, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik and Centre for Quantum Engineering and Space-Time Research (QUEST), Leibniz Universitaet Hannover Appelstrasse 2, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Lein, Manfred [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik and Centre for Quantum Engineering and Space-Time Research (QUEST), Leibniz Universitaet Hannover Appelstrasse 2, D-30167 Hannover (Germany); Engel, Volker [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universitaet Wuerzburg, and Roentgen Research Center for Complex Material Systems, Am Hubland, D-97074 Wuerzburg (Germany)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Well interference tests at the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two well interference tests were carried out by the LBL at the Cerro Prieto geothermal field located in Baja California, Mexico, during 1978. The first test incorporated five wells located about 1 km south of the power plant. Standard analyses of the well interference test data yielded permeability estimates that are much higher than the values obtained from two-rate tests performed by the CFE during the development of production wells. 4 refs.

Schroeder, R.C.; Goranson, C.B.; Benson, S.M.; Lippmann, M.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Temperature dependence of the pure rotational band of HD: Interference, widths, and shifts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The far-infrared pure rotational absorption spectra of gaseous HD and HD-X (X=H2, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and N2) were measured at 195 and 296 K. Values of the allowed dipole-moment matrix elements, the absolute frequencies, the spectral-line-shape parameters (broadening and frequency-shift coefficients), and the interference parameters, for the first four rotational lines, were deduced from the spectra. Theoretical calculations of the interference parameter a and the linewidths were performed, based, respectively, on the theory developed by Herman, Tipping, and Poll [Phys. Rev. A 20, 2006 (1979)] and a semiclassical theory developed by Robert and Bonamy [D. Robert and J. Bonamy, J. Phys. 40, 923 (1979)]. The induced dipole moments for HD-Ne and HD-N2 were estimated. The analysis includes the present experimental results, together with previous determinations at 77 and 296 K [L. Ulivi, Z. Lu, and G. C. Tabisz, Phys. Rev. A 40, 642 (1989); P. Drakopoulos and G. C. Tabisz, ibid. $bold 36 —, 5556 (1987)]. The behavior of the temperature dependence of the collisional interference in the pure rotational band for HD and its mixtures is confirmed to be more complicated than predictions of the intracollisional theory.

Z. Lu; G. C. Tabisz; L. Ulivi

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Determination of 235U/238U Ratio on Urine by ICP-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LLNL Internal Dosimetry Program - The new procedure satisfies the requirement to determine {sup 235}U/{sup 238}U ratio in bioassay urine samples. MDA - The L{sub C} and MDA{sub 95} for {sup 235}U are well below the required detection limit of 0.00035 {mu}g/L. Turn around time - Analysis of 10 samples plus 2 QCs can be completed in one work day (8 hours).

Collins, L; Gobaleza, A; Langston, R; Radev, R; Than, C; Wong, C; Wood-Zika, A

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

125

Development of a combined interference microscope objective and scanning probe microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A compact sensor head combining optical interference and scanning probe microscopy in a single instrument has been developed. This instrument is able to perform complementary quantitative measurements combining fast nondestructive three-dimensional surface analysis with high lateral resolution imaging. A custom interference microscopesensor head has been designed as the optical microscope objective and integrated within the architecture of a commercial interference microscope. The combined instrument makes available both the acquisition software and the hardware interface of the commercial microscope. The latter is able to function as a phase-shift interferometer or white light interferometer. Furthermore the use of an optical fiber to transmit light from an external laser: (i) removes a major heat source from the measurement environment and (ii) makes aperture correction unnecessary. The lateral resolution of the instrument has been extended by the addition of a previously developed compact scanning probe microscope(SPM) module to the custom interference microscope objective. This SPM unit is based upon piezoresistive cantilever technology. The “piezolevers” are self-sensing and therefore require no additional systems such as optical beam deflection or fiber interferometry to monitor their displacement. The mechanical simplicity of the piezolever SPM unit allows for a small physical size and can thus be added to the custom optical sensor head without violating constraints on the working distance defined by the optics. A major benefit of the system in terms of a quantitative nanometrology is the possibility to perform a traceable and direct calibration of the SPM module. This calibration is achieved practically by measuring an appropriate sample at a common location using both techniques. Results are presented here for the measurement of two calibration standards and a test sample to demonstrate the increased lateral resolution of the instrument.

James W. G. Tyrrell; Claudio Dal Savio; Rolf Krüger-Sehm; Hans-Ulrich Danzebrink

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

INTERFERENCE FRINGES OF SOLAR ACOUSTIC WAVES AROUND SUNSPOTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar acoustic waves are scattered by a sunspot due to the interaction between the acoustic waves and the sunspot. The sunspot, excited by the incident wave, generates the scattered wave. The scattered wave is added to the incident wave to form the total wave around the sunspot. The interference fringes between the scattered wave and the incident wave are visible in the intensity of the total wave because the coherent time of the incident wave is of the order of a wave period. The strength of the interference fringes anti-correlates with the width of temporal spectra of the incident wave. The separation between neighboring fringes increases with the incident wavelength and the sunspot size. The strength of the fringes increases with the radial order n of the incident wave from n = 0 to n = 2, and then decreases from n = 2 to n = 5. The interference fringes play a role analogous to holograms in optics. This study suggests the feasibility of using the interference fringes to reconstruct the scattered wavefields of the sunspot, although the quality of the reconstructed wavefields is sensitive to the noise and errors in the interference fringes.

Chou, Dean-Yi; Zhao Hui; Yang, Ming-Hsu; Liang, Zhi-Chao, E-mail: chou@phys.nthu.edu.tw [Physics Department, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)

2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

127

Interference Effects on (e, 2e) Electron Momentum Profiles of CF4  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interference effects on electron momentum profiles have been studied using binary (e, 2e) spectroscopy for the three outermost molecular orbitals of CF4, which are composed of the F 2p nonbonding atomic orbitals. An analysis of the measured spherically averaged electron momentum densities has clearly shown the presence of oscillatory structures having direct information about the internuclear distance between the F atoms. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the phase of the oscillatory structures depends upon the orientation in space of the constituent atomic orbitals.

Noboru Watanabe; XiangJun Chen; Masahiko Takahashi

2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

128

Probing photoelectron multiple interferences via Fourier spectroscopy in energetic photoionization of Xe-C{sub 60}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering the photoionization of the Xe-C{sub 60} endohedral compound, we study in detail the ionization cross sections of various levels of the system at energies higher than the plasmon resonance region. Five classes of single-electron levels are identified depending on their spectral character. Each class engenders distinct oscillations in the cross section, emerging from the interference between active ionization modes specific to that class. Analysis of the cross sections based on their Fourier transforms unravels oscillation frequencies that carry unique fingerprints of the emitting level.

Potter, Andrea; McCune, Matthew A.; De, Ruma; Chakraborty, Himadri S. [Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Department of Chemistry and Physics, Northwest Missouri State University, Maryville, Missouri 64468 (United States); Madjet, Mohamed E. [Institute of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Free University, Fabeckstrasse 36a, D-14195 Berlin (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

Accurate determination of Curium and Californium isotopic ratios by inductively coupled plasma quadrupole mass spectrometry (ICP-QMS) in 248Cm samples for transmutation studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The French Atomic Energy Commission has carried out several experiments including the mini-INCA (INcineration of Actinides) project for the study of minor-actinide transmutation processes in high intensity thermal neutron fluxes, in view of proposing solutions to reduce the radiotoxicity of long-lived nuclear wastes. In this context, a Cm sample enriched in {sup 248}Cm ({approx}97 %) was irradiated in thermal neutron flux at the High Flux Reactor (HFR) of the Laue-Langevin Institute (ILL). This work describes a quadrupole ICP-MS (ICP-QMS) analytical procedure for precise and accurate isotopic composition determination of Cm before sample irradiation and of Cm and Cf after sample irradiation. The factors that affect the accuracy and reproducibility of isotopic ratio measurements by ICP-QMS, such as peak centre correction, detector dead time, mass bias, abundance sensitivity and hydrides formation, instrumental background, and memory blank were carefully evaluated and corrected. Uncertainties of the isotopic ratios, taking into account internal precision of isotope ratio measurements, peak tailing, and hydrides formations ranged from 0.3% to 1.3%. This uncertainties range is quite acceptable for the nuclear data to be used in transmutation studies.

Gourgiotis, A.; Isnard, H.; Aubert, M.; Dupont, E.; AlMahamid, I.; Cassette, P.; Panebianco, S.; Letourneau, A.; Chartier, F.; Tian, G.; Rao, L.; Lukens, W.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Debye-Waller Factor in Mössbauer Interference Experiments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple calculation is presented of the effects of lattice dynamics on interference between Mössbauer processes and corresponding atomic processes, i.e., between Mössbauer and Rayleigh scattering, or between internal conversion of Mössbauer radiation and the photoelectric effect. When the energy of the emitted ? ray or electron is not measured, it is necessary to sum over all possible final states of the lattice. The interference contribution is found to be attenuated by the same "Debye-Waller" factor as the ordinary Mössbauer contribution, depending only upon the momentum of the incident ? ray. If the energy of the emitted ? ray is measured (e.g., by a Bragg scattering experiment), the atomic contribution is attenuated by the usual x-ray Debye-Waller factor, depending upon the momentum transfer, the Mössbauer contribution by the square of the usual Mössbauer factor, and the interference term by the geometric mean of the atomic and Mössbauer factors.

H. J. Lipkin

1961-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Reduction of interference on substation low voltage wiring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes test results and mitigation methods of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on control and low voltage circuits in substations caused by air disconnect switch operation. The tests are focused on a comparison between unshielded and shielded circuits from capacitively coupled voltage transformers (CCVT) and other equipment circuits in the vicinity. New test data are presented comparing unshielded and shielded cables and transient currents on all connections to the CCVT including the pedestal and ground strap. The paper gives a practical and understandable explanation of the causes of EMI in substations and how shielded cable and parallel ground conductors reduce interference. Design guidelines are listed in the Conclusion.

Gavazza, R.J. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States)] [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States); Wiggins, C.M. [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)] [Carl M. Wiggins and Associates, Friendswood, TX (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Interference effects in IR photon echo spectroscopy of liquid water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterodyne-detected transient grating experiments on the OH-stretch mode of HDO dissolved in D{sub 2}O resolve two distinctly different contributions originating from the initially excited OH stretch and the OD stretch which is thermally activated during the OH population relaxation. It is demonstrated that interference of both contributions greatly affects the outcome of IR photon echo experiments.

Yeremenko, Sergey; Pshenichnikov, Maxim S.; Wiersma, Douwe A. [Ultrafast Laser and Spectroscopy Laboratory, Materials Science Centre, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Competitive Interference-aware Spectrum Access in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Competitive Interference-aware Spectrum Access in Cognitive Radio Networks Jocelyne Elias, Fabio studies the spectrum access problem in cognitive radio networks from a game theoretical perspective. Finally, we provide numerical results of the proposed spectrum access game in several cognitive radio

Boyer, Edmond

134

SPECTRUM OPPORTUNITY AND INTERFERENCE CONSTRAINT IN OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the radio spec- trum? Actual spectrum usage measurements obtained by the FCC's Spectrum Policy Task Force [1SPECTRUM OPPORTUNITY AND INTERFERENCE CONSTRAINT IN OPPORTUNISTIC SPECTRUM ACCESS Qing Zhao@ece.ucdavis.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we study two important concepts in opportunis- tic spectrum access: spectrum

Islam, M. Saif

135

The Measurement of Double-Stars by Interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... AN interesting form of micrometer is described by Herr Karl Schwarzschild in Astronomischen Nachrichten, No. 3335. The idea is gathered from the instrument which ... and an observation consisted in noting simply the disappearance and reappearance of the interference bands. Schwarzschild's disc, or more accurately oblong framework, on the other hand, contains several ...

D.

1896-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

136

Stonehenge-like auditory illusion evoked by interference pattern  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Blindfolded participants hearing an interference pattern attributed the dead zones to the presence of acoustic obstructions in an arrangement reminiscent of Stonehenge. Without prior mention of interference or Stonehenge participants were brought blindfolded to an open field with two English flutes atop thin 1?m tall wooden stands 2?m apart connected via tubing to an air pump giving a sustained pitch of C#5 (1?100 Hz). One by one participants were led blindfolded in a 7.6?m radius circle around the pair of flutes. Afterward faced away from the setup they were instructed to remove blindfolds and independently “draw and describe what you thought was between you and the noise.” Although there actually were no physical obstacles the resulting drawings from all three participants represented arrangements of objects having many characteristics in common with Stonehenge; verbal descriptions included “pillars ” “solid objects ” “openings ” “tall vertical slats.” These pilot results demonstrate regions of low sound intensity due to destructive interference of sound waves from musical instruments can be misperceived as an auditory illusion of acoustic shadows cast by a ring of large obstructions. Measurements of acoustic shadows radiating out from Stonehenge are consistent with the hypothesis that interference patterns served as blueprints for the design.

Steven J. Waller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

SUBMITTED TO JSAC, FEB. 2005 1 Distributed Interference Compensation for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBMITTED TO JSAC, FEB. 2005 1 Distributed Interference Compensation for Wireless Networks Jianwei Huang, Randall Berry, Michael L. Honig Abstract We consider a distributed power control scheme for wireless ad hoc networks, in which each user announces a price that reflects compensation paid by other

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

138

Testing During Study Insulates Against the Buildup of Proactive Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing During Study Insulates Against the Buildup of Proactive Interference Karl K. Szpunar in the benefits of retrieval practice on long-term retention--the testing effect--has spawned a considerable. Taking a test may benefit retention through both direct means (engaging appropriate retrieval processes

McDermott, Kathleen

139

POSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Combinatorial RNA interference as a gene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and HIV-1 tat/rev and vif sequences were inserted into a lentiviral vector under the control of eitherPOSTER PRESENTATION Open Access Combinatorial RNA interference as a gene therapy strategy for HIV-1 in treating HIV-1 infection, as single short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) are rapidly rendered ineffective

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

140

Cell Host & Microbe HIV Evades RNA Interference Directed at TAR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a sequence-specific manner using shRNAs targeting the viral genome. HIV gag, pol, tat, rev, env, vif, and nefCell Host & Microbe Article HIV Evades RNA Interference Directed at TAR by an Indirect Compensatory@berkeley.edu DOI 10.1016/j.chom.2008.09.008 SUMMARY HIV can rapidly evolve when placed under selective pressure

Schaffer, David V.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

The Relation between Structure and Quantum Interference in Single Molecule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Relation between Structure and Quantum Interference in Single Molecule Junctions Troels pathways has recently attracted increased interest as an enabling tool for single- molecule electronic) to control the current flow through single-molecule devices has recently intensified.1-14 The idea

Thygesen, Kristian

142

Interference between two indistinguishable electrons from independent sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTERS Interference between two indistinguishable electrons from independent sources I. Neder1 , N of the electrons (`wave packet width' or `spatial size') is determined by the source voltage (at low temperature), a very small source voltage ensures the presence of a single electron at a time in the interferometer

Heiblum, Mordehai "Moty"

143

Electromagnetic interference impact of the proposed emitters for the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP). Interim report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The proposed HAARP emitters at the Gakona (Alaska) preferred site and at the Clear AFS (Alaska) alternative site are the Ionospheric Research Instrument (IRI), the Incoherent Scatter Radar (ISR), and the Vertical Incidence Sounder(VIS). The electromagnetic interference (EMI) impact of those emitters on receiving systems in the vicinity of the sites is estimated in this study. The results are intended for use as an input to the Air Force Environmental Impact Statement as part of the Environmental Impact Analysis Process.

Robertshaw, G.A.; Snyder, A.L.; Weiner, M.M.

1993-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

144

Constrained gamma-Z interference corrections to parity-violating electron scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a comprehensive analysis of gamma-Z interference corrections to the weak charge of the proton measured in parity-violating electron scattering, including a survey of existing models and a critical analysis of their uncertainties. Constraints from parton distributions in the deep-inelastic region, together with new data on parity-violating electron scattering in the resonance region, result in significantly smaller uncertainties on the corrections compared to previous estimates. At the kinematics of the Qweak experiment, we determine the gamma-Z box correction to be Re\\box_{gamma-Z}^V = (5.61 +- 0.36) x 10^{-3}. The new constraints also allow precise predictions to be made for parity-violating deep-inelastic asymmetries on the deuteron.

Hall, Nathan Luke [Adelaide U.; Blunden, Peter Gwithian [Manitoba U.; Melnitchouk, Wally [JLAB; Thomas, Anthony W. [Adelaide U.; Young, Ross D. [Adelaide U.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

An analog approach to interference suppression in ultra-wideband receivers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Because of the huge bandwidth of Ultra-Wideband (UWB) systems, in-band narrowband interference may hinder receiver performance. In this dissertation, sources of potential narrowband interference that lie within the IEEE 802.15.3a UWB bandwidth...

Fischer, Timothy W.

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

146

Intracollisional Interference in the Spectrum of HD Mixed with Rare Gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present the first observation and interpretation of an interference effect in the infrared absorption spectrum of HD-rare-gas mixtures. This effect, due to constructive or destructive interference between allowed and collision-induced dipoles during a collision, is referred to as "intracollisional interference." Is is manifested by the appearance of a narrow line at the R1(1) position which increases with rare-gas density. This interference has relevance to the determination of HD abundance in planetary atmospheres.

J. D. Poll; R. H. Tipping; R. D. G. Prasad; S. Paddi Reddy

1976-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

147

E-Print Network 3.0 - asymmetric reproductive interference Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security 6. Operational Environment 7. Cryptographic Key Management 8. Electromagnetic Interference... 08282003 Asymmetric Key Establishment Techniques Clarification of...

148

Combined Use of Magnetic and Electrically Conductive Fillers in a Polymer Matrix for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding JUNHUA WU1,2 and D.D.L. CHUNG1,3 1.--Composite Materials Research for electromagnetic interference shielding than the use of a highly magnetic filler alone or the use of a highly, magnetic, electrical resistivity, nickel, mumetal, graphite INTRODUCTION Electromagnetic interference (EMI

Chung, Deborah D.L.

149

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube structure on the electromagnetic interference shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube structure on the electromagnetic interference.01­15%) have been evaluated for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE) in the X and aerospace sectors with uses such as electrostatic dissipation, electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding

Gao, Hongjun

150

A Robust Synchronization for 230 MHz Electricity System in the Presence of Narrowband Interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a robust timing and frequency synchronization method in the presence of narrowband interference is proposed for 230MHz electricity communication system. A narrowband interference detection module and an adaptive filter are applied in the ... Keywords: Synchronization, 230MHz Electricity System, Narrowband interference, OFDM

Hongjian Gao, Jianqi Li, Tao Zhao, Yong Zhao

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Other-Cell-Interference Factor Distribution Model in Downlink WCDMA Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interference performance is among the most important issues especially in WCDMA cellular networks planning coverage and capacity. F-factor has been introduced in previous works to model the interference in WCDMA downlink ... Keywords: F-factor, WCDMA, design methodology, distribution function, f-parameter, interference, interfering tiers, log-normal correlated shadow, uniform and non-uniform traffic-load cells

Anis Masmoudi; Sami Tabbane

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Stray current interference control for HVDC earth currents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission lines exist around the world, with several in the US. When one conductor must be taken out of operation (in case of emergency), the earth may be used as an alternate conductor. The earth current may be accumulated on and discharged from underground metallic structures that cross the voltage gradient created by the current. Test results on two lines showed that stray current interference is not a major problem if mitigated properly.

Fitzgerald, J.H. III [PSG Corrosion Engineering/Corrpro Cos., Detroit, MI (United States); Kroon, D.H. [Corrpro Companies Inc., Spring, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Interference effects in isolated Josephson junction arrays with geometric symmetries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the size of a Josephson junction is reduced, charging effects become important and the superconducting phase across the link turns into a periodic quantum variable. Isolated Josephson junction arrays are described in terms of such periodic quantum variables and thus exhibit pronounced quantum interference effects arising from paths with different winding numbers (Aharonov-Casher effects). These interference effects have strong implications for the excitation spectrum of the array which are relevant in applications of superconducting junction arrays for quantum computing. The interference effects are most pronounced in arrays composed of identical junctions and possessing geometric symmetries; they may be controlled by either external gate potentials or by adding/removing charge to/from the array. Here we consider a loop of N identical junctions encircling one half superconducting quantum of magnetic flux. In this system, the ground state is found to be non-degenerate if the total number of Cooper pairs on the array is divisible by N, and doubly degenerate otherwise (after the stray charges are compensated by the gate voltages).

D. A. Ivanov; L. B. Ioffe; V. B. Geshkenbein; G. Blatter

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

154

Addressing the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant`s electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Second, a verification and validation (V&V) program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate acceptance criteria to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. V&V should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation susceptibility attributable to EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (US). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Addressing the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria applicable to the immunization of digital systems against electromagnetic interference (EMI). The work is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed as a result of the application of digital instrumentation and control systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic level voltages, thereby leading to potentially greater susceptibility of spurious interference being misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria to apply to these digital systems centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant's electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and thereby their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Second, a verification and validation (V V) program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate acceptance criteria to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. V V should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related instrumentation susceptibility attributable to EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Antonescu, C. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (United States). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Controlling the Interference of Multiple Molecular Orbitals in High-Harmonic Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a new method to investigate the origin of spectral structures in high-harmonic generation. We report detailed measurements of high-harmonic spectra in aligned nitrogen and carbon dioxide molecules. Varying the wavelength and intensity of the generating laser field, we show that the minimum in aligned N{sub 2} molecules is nearly unaffected, whereas the minimum in aligned CO{sub 2} molecules shifts over more than 15 eV. Our quantitative analysis shows that both the interference of multiple orbitals and their structural characteristics affect the position of the minimum. Our method provides a simple approach to the investigation of the high-harmonic generation process in more complex molecules.

Woerner, H. J.; Bertrand, J. B.; Hockett, P.; Corkum, P. B.; Villeneuve, D. M. [Joint Laboratory for Attosecond Science, National Research Council of Canada and University of Ottawa, 100 Sussex Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

157

S-P wave interference in the K+K- photoproduction on hydrogen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have studied the partial wave interference effects to obtain a new information about the contribution of the S-wave to the cross section of the K+K- photoproduction on hydrogen. The K+K- photoproduction channel for the effective masses around 1 GeV is dominated by the phi(1020) resonance with only a small fraction of events coming from decays of scalar resonances f0(980) and a0(980). However, a careful analysis of angular distributions of the outgoing kaons shows that the S-wave adds an asymmetry to the angular distribution of kaons. A fairly precise estimation of the K+K- photoproduction cross section in the S-wave has been obtained.

L. Bibrzycki; L. Lesniak; A. P. Szczepaniak

2005-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

158

Development of high through-put Sr isotope analysis for monitoring reservoir integrity for CO{sub 2} storage.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent innovations in multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) have allowed for rapid and precise measurements of isotope ratios in geological samples. Naturally occurring Sr isotopes has the potential for use in Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting (MVA) associated with geologic CO2 storage. Sr isotopes can be useful for: Sensitive tracking of brine migration; Determining seal rock leakage; Studying fluid/rock reactions. We have optimized separation chemistry procedures that will allow operators to prepare samples for Sr isotope analysis off site using rapid, low cost methods.

Wall, Andy; Jain, Jinesh; Stewart, Brian; Capo, Rosemary; Hakala, Alexandra J.; Hammack, Richard; Guthrie, George

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Characteristics of electromagnetic interference generated during discharge of Mylar samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the measurements of the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated during discharges of Mylar samples. The two components of EMI, the conducted emission and the radiated emission, are characterized by the replacement current and the radiated RF spectrum respectively. The measured radiated RF spectra reveal important information on the source of the electromagnetic radiation. The possible sources are the replacement current pulse and the discharged generated plasma. The scaling of the amplitudes of the EMI, as a function of the area of the test sample, is also discussed.

Leung, P.L.

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Experimental and theoretical study of propeller spinner/shank interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, quick to point out that his results were due to differences in root conditions between the two runs. This fact proved to be an important discovery in itself. That is, small irregularities of form at the junction of propeller blades and spinners, e. g... of interference drag and resolved into propeller thrust and torque components. These quantities have been examined with attention to engineering parameters such as two spinner finess ratios, three blade shank i'orms, and two/three/four/six/eight blades...

Cornell, Carl Clayton

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Signal enhancement and background suppression using interference and entanglement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe two-photon absorption processes excited by entangled pairs but not by nonentangled pairs of the same energy and polarization. Photon states are selected for destructive interference in the nonentangled process between different sequences of absorption via multiple intermediate states. A nonzero entangled absorption cross section is obtained by varying the entanglement time and pair delay parameters. Detailed energy and polarization requirements are derived for Rb 5S{sub 1/2}-5D{sub 3/2} transitions. Applications to quantum steganography, quantum illumination, and quantum key distribution are discussed.

Kastella, Keith [SRI International, 2100 Commonwealth Boulevard, Suite 210, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105 (United States); Conti, Ralph S. [General Dynamics Advanced Information Systems, MRDC, 1200 Joe Hall Drive, Ypsilanti, Michigan 48197, USA, and Physics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

162

Temporal Coherence and Indistinguishability in Two-Photon Interference Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that temporal two-photon interference effects involving the signal and idler photons created by parametric down-conversion can be fully characterized in terms of the variations of two length parameters--called the biphoton path-length difference and the biphoton path-asymmetry- length difference--which we construct using the six different length parameters that a general two-photon interference experiment involves. We perform an experiment in which the effects of the variations of these two parameters can be independently controlled and studied. In our experimental setup, which does not involve mixing of signal and idler photons at a beam splitter, we further report observations of Hong-Ou-Mandel- (HOM-)like effects both in coincidence and in one-photon count rates. As an important consequence, we argue that the HOM and the HOM-like effects are best described as observations of how two-photon coherence changes as a function of the biphoton path- asymmetry-length difference.

Anand Kumar Jha; Malcolm N. O'Sullivan; Kam Wai Clifford Chan; Robert W. Boyd

2007-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

163

Stimulated emission of two photons in parametric amplification and its interpretation as multi-photon interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stimulated emission of two photons is observed experimentally in the parametric amplification process and is compared to a three-photon interference scheme. We find that the underlying physics of stimulated emission is simply the constructive interference due to photon indistinguishability. So the observed signal enhancement upon the input of photons is a result of multi-photon interference of the input photons and the otherwise spontaneously emitted photon from the amplifier.

F. W. Sun; B. H. Liu; Y. X. Gong; Y. F. Huang; Z. Y. Ou; G. C. Guo

2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

164

Low-Cost and Low-Electromagnetic-Interference Packaging of Optical Transceiver Modules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The low-cost and low-electromagnetic-interference (EMI) packaging of optical transceiver modules employing housings of plastic composites are developed and fabricated. Optical...

Cheng, Wood-Hi; Hung, Wen-Chi; Lee, Chien-Hui; Hwang, Gan-Lin; Jou, Wern-Shiang; Wu, Tzong-Lin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Self-mixing interference in fiber ring laser and its application for vibration measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new approach for self-mixing interference in fiber ring laser and its application to vibration measurement is presented. Fourier transform method is proposed to improve the...

Dai, Xiajuan; Wang, Ming; Zhao, Yi; Zhou, Junping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalous quantum interference Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

interference device J... . Sadovskyy I. A., Lesovik G. B., Blatter G. Continuously tunable charge in Andreev quantum ... Source: Fominov, Yakov - Landau Institute for...

167

Nano-superconducting quantum interference devices with suspended junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nano-Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices (nano-SQUIDs) are usually fabricated from a single layer of either Nb or Al. We describe here a simple method for fabricating suspended nano-bridges in Nb/Al thin-film bilayers. We use these suspended bridges, which act as Josephson weak links, to fabricate nano-SQUIDs which show critical current oscillations at temperatures up to 1.5?K and magnetic flux densities up to over 20?mT. These nano-SQUIDs exhibit flux modulation depths intermediate between all-Al and all-Nb devices, with some of the desirable characteristics of both. The suspended geometry is attractive for magnetic single nanoparticle measurements.

Hazra, D.; Hasselbach, K. [Institut Néel, CNRS and Université Joseph Fourier, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, Grenoble (France); Kirtley, J. R. [Center for Probing the Nanoscale, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94305-4045 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

168

Level broadening and quantum interference effects in insulators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study quantum interference effects in the context of the Nguyen-Spivak-Shklovskii (NSS) model including level broadening due to inelastic events. Improving on a recent mean-field approach, we incorporate path correlations and study both the log-conductance and its fluctuations. In contrast with mean field, we find that all changes in the conductance, due to broadening, imply corrections to the localization length. Furthermore, the change in the magnetoconductance sign, predicted by mean field, is not borne out by direct solution of the NSS model within reasonable broadening parameters. We compute a phase diagram for the magnetoconductance in the broadening parameter space and propose a replica theory for weak inelastic events.

Ernesto Medina and Horacio Pastawski

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Electron Matter Wave Interferences at High Vacuum Pressures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ability to trap and guide coherent electrons is gaining importance in fundamental as well as in applied physics. In this regard novel quantum devices are currently developed that may operate under low vacuum conditions. Here we study the loss of electron coherence with increasing background gas pressure. Thereby optionally helium, hydrogen or nitrogen is introduced in a biprism interferometer where the interference contrast is a measure for the coherence of the electrons. The results indicate a constant contrast that is not decreasing in the examined pressure range between $10^{-9}$ mbar and $10^{-4}$ mbar. Therefore no decoherence was observed even under poor vacuum conditions. Due to scattering of the electron beam with background H$_2$-molecules a signal loss of 94 % was determined. The results may lower the vacuum requirements for novel quantum devices with free coherent electrons.

Schütz, Georg; Pooch, Andreas; Stibor, Alexander

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

An Experimental Investigation on the Wake Interference of Wind Turbines Sited Over Complex Terrains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Experimental Investigation on the Wake Interference of Wind Turbines Sited Over Complex, 50011 An experimental study was conducted to investigate the interferences of wind turbines sited over conducted in a large wind tunnel with of wind turbine models sited over a flat terrain (baseline case

Hu, Hui

171

Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks M. C. Valenti 1 D. Torrieri 2 S, 2013 Salvatore Talarico (shortinst)Adjacent-Channel Interference in Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks June 11, 2013 1 / 23 #12;Outline 1 Frequency-Hopping Ad Hoc Networks 2 Outage Probability with Adjacent

Valenti, Matthew C.

172

The Impact of Interference on Optimal Multi-path Routing in Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Interference on Optimal Multi-path Routing in Ad Hoc Networks Roland de Haan, Richard-to-end performance measures such as through- put in ad hoc networks, emphasizing the performance trade-off between-destination pairs and different radio ranges are analyzed. Keywords: Ad hoc networks, Interference, Capacity, Multi

Boucherie, Richard J.

173

Effects of optical interference and energy transfer on exciton diffusion length measurements in organic semiconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

believe that device efficiencies must ex- ceed 10% to enter the market as a viable source of energy.6Effects of optical interference and energy transfer on exciton diffusion length measurements of optical interference and of energy transfer to the quencher. When there is modest contrast

McGehee, Michael

174

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE"?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE on the global warming that can be tolerated without risking dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. I" mainly as a metaphor for the danger posed by global warming. So I changed "Hell" to "disaster." What

Hansen, James E.

175

Author's personal copy Numerical study of interference between simple-shape bodies in hypersonic flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Numerical study of interference between simple-shape bodies in hypersonic 2008 Available online 3 December 2008 Keywords: Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows Direct simulation Monte-Carlo method Flow interference Simple-shape bodies Toroidal balloon a b s t r a c t Hypersonic rarefied

Riabov, Vladimir V.

176

A method for calculating wide band electromagnetic interference from power line corona  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An algorithm for calculating electromagnetic interference from power line corona for a range of frequencies from 100 kHz to 30 MHz is demonstrated. It can be used for calculations at any distance or direction from the line. The algorithm incorporates an existing generation function which has been optimized by comparison to long term electromagnetic interference measurements.

Olsen, R.G. [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science] [Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Schennum, S.D. [Gonzaga Univ., Spokane, WA (United States)] [Gonzaga Univ., Spokane, WA (United States)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung; Silica fume; Shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding [1­4] is in critical, NY 14260-4400, USA Received 9 January 2002; accepted 14 August 2003 Abstract An electromagnetic

Chung, Deborah D.L.

178

Finding Source of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) to GPS Using a Network Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finding Source of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) to GPS Using a Network Sensors Shau-Shiun Jan, Per Enge Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics Stanford University ABSTRACT Any electromagnetic interference (EMI) to GPS must invoke a fast location and removal response, because of the high military

Stanford University

179

Strong quantum interferences in frequency up-conversion towards short vacuum-ultraviolet radiation pulses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present experimental data on quantum interferences in resonantly enhanced frequency up-conversion towards the vacuum-ultraviolet spectral regime. The process is driven in xenon atoms by ultrashort (picosecond) laser pulses. We use two simultaneous frequency conversion pathways via an excited intermediate state, i.e., fifth harmonic generation of the fundamental wavelength and four-wave mixing of the fundamental and two photons of its second harmonic wavelength. Both conversion pathways yield radiation at 102 nm. The two pathways interfere, depending on the relative phase of the fundamental and second harmonic. By appropriate choice of the phase we get constructive interference (resulting in increased conversion efficiency) or destructive interference (resulting in reduced conversion efficiency). The total conversion yield shows very pronounced constructive and destructive quantum interference with a visibility of roughly 90%. A stable and highly accurate phase control setup enables such strong quantum interferences for more than 260 oscillation cycles. In an extension of the experiment, simultaneously to frequency conversion we also monitor laser-induced fluorescence as a measure for the excitation probability to the excited intermediate state. Also, in the excitation probability we observe strong quantum interferences. As an interesting feature, a small phase lag occurs between the quantum interference patterns of frequency conversion and population transfer. This is due to an additional atomic phase acquired during frequency conversion.

Patric Ackermann; Alexander Scharf; Thomas Halfmann

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

180

Mechanisms of electromagnetic interference between electrical networks and neighboring metallic utilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines the mechanisms of electromagnetic interference between a power line and a neighboring pipeline. An electromagnetic field theory approach is used to carry out the study. First, the field theory approach is used to model the complete conductor network under consideration as is. The inductive, capacitive and conductive interference effects between all the elements in the network are simultaneously taken into account in one single step. The computed results are then used to develop a network model whereby the inductive, capacitive and conductive interference effects can be separated. This approach allows one to better understand the effects of each individual component and compare the field-theory (inductive) based results with those obtained from a circuit model approach. The effects of a typical mitigation system on the interference levels are also studied. The results presented in this paper clearly illustrate the mechanisms of electromagnetic interference and mitigation between electrical networks and neighboring metallic utilities.

Dawalibi, F.P.; Ma, J.; Li, Y. [Safe Engineering Services and Technologies Ltd., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

In situ LA–MC–ICP–MS boron isotope and zircon U–Pb age determinations of Paleoproterozoic borate deposits in Liaoning Province, northeastern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A large number of Paleoproterozoic borate deposits are hosted by the lower units of a volcanic-sedimentary sequence in Liaoning Province, northeastern China, and are a major source of boron in China. The ore-bearing wall rocks in the deposits are serpentinized ultrabasic rocks and carbonates, with layered leptynites, leptites, amphibolites, and migmatites adjacent to the ore. Both the borate ores and country rocks contain tourmaline, although the country rocks have much lower abundances of the mineral. Based on in situ boron isotope measurements using laser ablation–multi-collector–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA–MC–ICP–MS), boron isotope data show that: (1) ?11B values of borate ores range from + 6.8‰ to + 13.9‰ (mean + 10.8‰); (2) tourmalines from the borate ores have ?11B values from + 9.5‰ to + 12.7‰; and (3) the wall rocks within the borate ores yield slightly lower ?11B values ranging from + 5.7‰ to + 7.6‰, and those outside the deposits from ? 9.9‰ to ? 5.9‰. Positive ?11B values in borates as well as in tourmalines inside the mining area indicate that boron in these Paleoproterozoic borate deposits was derived from marine evaporites. ?34SV-CDT (where V-CDT is Vienna Canyon Diablo Troilite) values of borate ores, serpentinized marbles, and anhydrites range from + 16.1‰ to + 24.7‰, whereas ?13CV-PDB (where V-PDB is Vienna Pee Dee Belemnite) values of marbles range from + 3.2‰ to + 5.9‰. These isotopic characteristics are interpreted to reflect formation in a marine evaporative environment. LA–MC–ICP–MS zircon weighted207Pb/206Pb ages of leptite and serpentinized olivine basalt from the hanging wall of the borate deposits are 2139 ± 13 Ma and 2130 ± 19 Ma, respectively. Therefore, the (~ 2.2 Ga) borate deposits may have originated from marine evaporative boron-bearing sediments, which were interbedded within bimodal volcanic rocks during the early stages of development of the Liaoji rift.

Guyue Hu; Yanhe Li; Changfu Fan; Kejun Hou; Yue Zhao; Lingsen Zeng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis of Short-Bunch Production with the APS Booster and a Bunch Compressor Michael Borland, AOD/OAG ∗ August 8, 2003 1 Abstract There is significant interest among x-ray scientists in short-pulse x-rays. The x-rays from the APS ring, although very bright, are produced by an electron bunch with an rms length of more than 30 ps. Typically, it is only a linear accelerator that can produce a very short bunch. An idea was brought to my attention by Glenn Decker that might allow us to produce a short bunch using the APS booster. This idea involves extracting the beam from the booster at 3 to 4 GeV, while it is still relatively short, then compressing it with a magnetic bunch compressor. In this note, we present a preliminary analysis of this idea, along with the related idea of using a nonequilibrium beam from the APS photoinjector. 2 Background We will begin with an examination of the ideal result

183

Low-energy fusion caused by an interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fusion of two deuterons of room temperature energy is studied. The nuclei are in vacuum with no connection to any external source (electric or magnetic field, illumination, surrounding matter, traps, etc.) which may accelerate them. The energy of the two nuclei is conserved and remains small during the motion through the Coulomb barrier. The penetration through this barrier, which is the main obstacle for low-energy fusion, strongly depends on a form of the incident flux on the Coulomb center at large distances from it. In contrast to the usual scattering, the incident wave is not a single plane wave but the certain superposition of plane waves of the same energy and various directions, for example, a convergent conical wave. As a result of interference, the wave function close to the Coulomb center is determined by a cusp caustic which is probed by de Broglie waves. The particle flux gets away from the cusp and moves to the Coulomb center providing a not small probability of fusion (cusp driven tunneling). Getting away from a caustic cusp also occurs in optics and acoustics.

B. Ivlev

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

184

Interference well testing—variable fluid flow rate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At present when conducting an interference well test a constant flow rate (at the 'active' well) is utilized and the type-curve matching technique (where only 2–3 values of pressure drops are matched) is used to estimate the porosity–total compressibility product and formation permeability. For oil and geothermal reservoirs with low formation permeability the duration of the test may require a long period of time and it can be difficult to maintain a constant flow rate. The qualitative term 'long' period of time means that (at a given distance between the 'active' and 'observational' well) more test time (for low permeability formations) is needed to obtain tangible pressure drops in the 'observational' well. In this study we present working equations which will allow us to process field data when the flow rate at the 'active' well is a function of time. The shut-in period is also considered. A new method of field data processing, where all measured pressure drops are utilized, is proposed. The suggested method allows us to make use of the statistical theory to obtain error estimates on the regression parameters. It is also shown that when high precision (resolution) pressure gauges are employed the pressure time derivative equations can be used for the determination of formation hydraulic diffusivity. An example is presented to demonstrate the data processing procedure.

I M Kutasov; L V Eppelbaum; M Kagan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Detecting Plasmon Resonance Energy Transfer with Differential Interference Contrast Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gold nanoparticles are ideal probes for studying intracellular environments and energy transfer mechanisms due to their plasmonic properties. Plasmon resonance energy transfer (PRET) relies on a plasmonic nanoparticle to donate energy to a nearby resonant acceptor molecule, a process which can be observed due to the plasmonic quenching of the donor nanoparticle. In this study, a gold nanosphere was used as the plasmonic donor, while the metalloprotein cytochrome c was used as the acceptor molecule. Differential interference contrast (DIC) microscopy allows for simultaneous monitoring of complex environments and noble metal nanoparticles in real time. Using DIC and specially designed microfluidic channels, we were able to monitor PRET at the single gold particle level and observe the reversibility of PRET upon the introduction of phosphate-buffered saline to the channel. In an additional experiment, single gold particles were internalized by HeLa cells and were subsequently observed undergoing PRET as the cell hosts underwent morphological changes brought about by ethanol-induced apoptosis.

Augspurger, Ashley E. [Ames Laboratory; Stender, Anthony S. [Ames Laboratory; Han, Rui [Ames Laboratory; Fang, Ning [Ames Laboratory

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

186

Far?Infrared Interference Technique for Determining Epitaxial Silicon Thickness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interference technique in the frequency range 30–200 cm?1 has been used for the first time to determine the thickness of low?conductivity epitaxialfilms deposited on a highly conducting silicon substrate. It is shown that for thick epitaxialfilms (d?4 ?m) the frequency at which half?order minimum occurs is highly sensitive to the epilayer?substrate interface carrier concentration profile. In general the far ir thickness is close to that obtained by angle?stain technique. A combination of ir and far?ir measurements therefore yields valuable information regarding the interface carrier concentration profile. The far?ir technique can replace the costly and destructive methods presently used such as angle stain and capacitance?voltage measurements made on specially fabricated diodes. The paper also discusses the optical constants of silicon in the far ir. The calculations show that it is necessary to use the energy?dependent anisotropicscattering time to correctly evaluate the optical constant in the far ir.

M. A. Saifi; R. H. Stolen

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

SPACE TIME INTERFERENCE ALIGNMENT SCHEME FOR THE MIMO BC AND IC WITH DELAYED CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Heath, space-time interference align- ment (STIA), proves that in the underdetermined (overloaded) multi in [11] proposed a scheme, hereafter referred to as space-time interference alignment (STIA

Gesbert, David

188

Characterization of the coherent noise, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference of the ATLAS EM calorimeter Front End Board  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterization of the coherent noise, electromagnetic compatibility and electromagnetic interference of the ATLAS EM calorimeter Front End Board

Chase, B E; Lanni, F; Makowiecki, D S; Radeka, V; Rescia, S; Takai, H; Bán, J; Parsons, J; Sippach, W

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Precise and accurate determination of boron isotope ratios by multiple collector ICP-MS: origin of boron in the Ngawha geothermal system, New Zealand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new technique has been developed for the measurement of boron isotope ratios in fluids using a double focusing multiple collector inductively coupled plasma (ICP) mass spectrometer. Sample introduction using a direct injection nebuliser was found to eliminate memory problems that are common where spray chambers are involved. The 4–9% mass bias can be corrected for by bracketing sample measurements with standards. As matrices were found to affect the mass bias all samples must be purified and that sample and standard solutions must be similar. A new purification technique was developed that yields adequately purified samples. Using this technique, it is possible to make rapid measurements (4 min) from samples containing 250 ng B to a precision of ±0.2‰. This analytical technique has been applied to the Ngawha geothermal system in New Zealand in an attempt to determine the source of B in geothermal fluids where the B concentrations can exceed 100 mmol/l. The ?11B values range between ?3.1‰ and ?3.9‰ indicating that no seawater sources are involved and that the elevated B concentrations can only be accounted for by low water/rock ratios with the B being derived from basement greywacke/argillite. The similarity of B isotope ratios for hydrothermal fluids that have been diluted and cooled with groundwaters indicates that isotope fractionation due to adsorption is unlikely to occur in cool geothermal fluids (<40 °C).

J.K. Aggarwal; D. Sheppard; K. Mezger; E. Pernicka

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Use of fly ash as an admixture for electromagnetic interference shielding Jingyao Cao, D.D.L. Chung*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of fly ash as an admixture for electromagnetic interference shielding Jingyao Cao, D.D.L. Chung The use of fly ash as an admixture results in enhancement of the electromagnetic interference (EMI of fly ash as an admixture for enhancing the electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. EMI shielding

Chung, Deborah D.L.

191

Measurement of interference between W and Z exchange in electron-neutrino electron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of the reaction ?e+e-??e+e- was performed using a beam-stop source of ?e. Based upon 234±35 events, we obtain a cross section of ?(?ee)=[9.9±1.5(stat)±1.0(syst)]×10-42 cm2 ×[E? (GeV)]. This reaction is mediated by the exchange of W and Z bosons and is thus sensitive to the interference between them. This interference is measured to be -1.07±0.17(stat)±0.11(syst), consistent with the destructive interference (-1.08) predicted by the standard model.

R. C. Allen; H. H. Chen; P. J. Doe; R. Hausammann; W. P. Lee; H. J. Mahler; M. E. Potter; X. Q. Lu; K. C. Wang; T. J. Bowles; R. L. Burman; R. D. Carlini; D. R. F. Cochran; J. S. Frank; E. Piasetzky; V. D. Sandberg; D. A. Krakauer; R. L. Talaga

1990-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

192

EMI (electromagnetic interference) potential of proposed 115KV line near B-691  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Laser Operated Diamond Turning Machine (LODTM) is housed in Building 691. This facility contains electronic measurement and control systems which could be susceptible to interfering electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by sources external to B-691. In particular, concern has been expressed that such harmful EMI signals could be produced by the proposed WAPA 115KV feeder line which would be routed approximately 30 feet from the East side of the facility. Also, there has been some concern expressed about the effects of the resulting electromagnetic (EM) fields on personnel in the proximity of the power line. Since it is necessary to measure the EM fields to ascertain if a hazard does indeed exist, and since we in ERD have been performing such field measurements for many years, we were contacted to determine the field levels from the line that might be expected inside and close to B-691. This report describes our approach, equipment and calibration procedures, analysis techniques used, results, and suggestions for future work in related areas. 9 refs., 41 figs.

Latorre, V.R.; Wythe, D.M.

1989-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

193

Vertical interference pressure testing across a low-permeability zone with unsteady crossflow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Existing analytical models for interpreting vertical interference pressure tests across the low permeability zone in a three-layered reservoir usually assume transient radial flow in the high permeability layers and pseudo-steady vertical crossflow in the intervening tight zone. The neglect of vertical flow in the high permeability layers, and the neglect of radial flow in the tight layer, requires the permeability contrast between these layers to be large. However, when this assumption is satisfied, it is also very likely that the pressure diffusivity in the tight layer is much smaller than that in the high permeability layers. Thus, to be consistent, the flow across the tight layer must be treated as an unsteady diffusive process driven by the transient pressure changes occurring in the high permeability layers. In this paper, the authors extend the analysis by replacing their pseudo-steady crossflow assumption with unsteady crossflow and interpret the crossflow response in terms of near- and far-boundary flow response functions for the tight zone. The inclusion of unsteady crossflow requires one additional dimensionless parameter and results in a set of governing equations that are different from, but are similar to, the equations of the dual-porosity dual-permeability model with unsteady interporosity flow.

Wijesinghe, A.M.; Kececioglu, I.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Nanoscale transport of phonons: Dimensionality, subdiffusion, molecular damping, and interference effects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine heat transport carried by acoustic phonons in the systems composed of nanoscale chains of masses coupled to two thermal baths of different temperatures. Thermal conductance is obtained by using linearized Landauer-type formula for heat flux with phonon transmission probability calculated within atomistic Green's functions (AGF) method. AGF formalism is extended onto dissipative chains of masses with harmonic coupling beyond nearest-neighbor approximation, while atomistic description of heat reservoirs is also included into computational scheme. In particular, the phonon lifetimes and the phonon frequency shifts are discussed for harmonic lattices of different dimensions. Further, resonant structure of phonon transmission spectrum is analyzed with respect to reservoir-induced effects, molecular damping, and mass-to-mass harmonic coupling. Analysis of transmission zeros (antiresonances) and their accompanied Fano-shape resonances are discussed as a result of interference effects between different vibrational modes. Finally, we also predict subdiffusive transport regime for low-frequency ballistic phonons propagated along a linear chain of harmonically coupled masses.

Walczak, Kamil; Yerkes, Kirk L. [Aerospace Systems Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio 45433 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

195

OPTI 577-Advanced Optical Interference Coatings Course Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to current market design, optical characterization and post-process analysis software. Prerequisite: OPTI 575, inhomogeneity. Electrochromic Coatings. Introduction to Chemical Vapor Deposition and Coater #4. Refinement

Arizona, University of

196

Functional reliability evaluation of an MTR-pool type research reactor core using the load–capacity interference model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents the functional reliability evaluation of Tehran Research Reactor (TRR) core in normal operation. The concept of functional reliability, borrowed from reliability physics, uses the well-known resistance–stress or load–capacity interference model that is used in the structural reliability framework. To use the load–capacity interference model, uncertainties of significant parameters in system performance are propagated into system dynamics modeled with RELAP5/Mod 3.2 using Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) method and exceedance probability (EP) model is used as quantification method. The proposed method in this paper solves a common problem in reliability analysis, i.e., lack of sufficient failure data in specific operating conditions. Although defining failure criteria in normal operation are difficult, this paper focuses on the application of multiple states criteria to determine the status of a system. The status of the reactor core in normal operation is considered multiple states regarding to a performance representative parameter that is temperature in this work. Outlet temperatures of fuel hot and average channels were selected to be performance indicators in normal operation. Consulting with TRR engineers and operators as well as safety analysis report, two failure states were considered exceeding 65.1 °C and 58.9 °C for the hot channel and 50.4 °C and 45.6 °C for the average channel as upper and lower limits respectively. The calculated reliability was 9.1e?01 with 95% of confidence interval, which is in good agreement with experimental results. Using sensitivity analysis in input parameters, it was concluded that the value of the heat transfer coefficient parameter in fuel has the most significant effect on the results.

Ramin Barati; Saeed Setayeshi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

198

Interspecific RNA Interference of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS-Like Disrupts Cuscuta pentagona Plant Parasitism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...independent biological replicate pools. Tissue harvested included...2007). Assessing the efficiency of RNA interference for maize...Non-scientific Interests: Swimming, camping and watching soccer...motivator for refocussing our energies on understanding Striga haustorium...

Amos Alakonya; Ravi Kumar; Daniel Koenig; Seisuke Kimura; Brad Townsley; Steven Runo; Helena M. Garces; Julie Kang; Andrea Yanez; Rakefet David-Schwartz; Jesse Machuka; Neelima Sinha

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

199

A Fast, Robust Algorithm for Power Line Interference Cancellation in Neural Recording  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power line interference may severely corrupt neural recordings at 50/60 Hz and harmonic frequencies. In this paper, we present a robust and computationally efficient algorithm for removing power line interference from neural recordings. The algorithm includes four steps. First, an adaptive notch filter is used to estimate the fundamental frequency of the interference. Subsequently, based on the estimated frequency, harmonics are generated by using discrete-time oscillators, and then the amplitude and phase of each harmonic are estimated through using a modified recursive least squares algorithm. Finally, the estimated interference is subtracted from the recorded data. The algorithm does not require any reference signal, and can track the frequency, phase, and amplitude of each harmonic. When benchmarked with other popular approaches, our algorithm performs better in terms of noise immunity, convergence speed, and output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). While minimally affecting the signal bands of interest, the a...

Keshtkaran, Mohammad Reza

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Adaptive filtering to reduce global interference in evoked brain activity detection: a human subject case study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following previous Monte Carlo simulations, we describe in detail an example of detecting evoked visual hemodynamic responses in a human subject as a preliminary demonstration of the novel global interference cancellation ...

Zhang, Quan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Three path interference using nuclear magnetic resonance: a test of the consistency of Born's rule  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Born rule is at the foundation of quantum mechanics and transforms our classical way of understanding probabilities by predicting that interference occurs between pairs of independent paths of a single object. One consequence of the Born rule is that three way (or three paths) quantum interference does not exist. In order to test the consistency of the Born rule, we examine detection probabilities in three path intereference using an ensemble of spin-1/2 quantum registers in liquid state nuclear magnetic resonance (LSNMR). As a measure of the consistency, we evaluate the ratio of three way interference to two way interference. Our experiment bounded the ratio to the order of $10^{-3} \\pm 10^{-3}$, and hence it is consistent with Born's rule.

Daniel K. Park; Osama Moussa; Raymond Laflamme

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

202

Modeling of multiple-optical-axis pattern-integrated interference lithography systems.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The image quality and collimation in a multiple-optical-axis pattern-integrated interference lithography system are evaluated for an elementary optical system composed of single-element lenses. Image quality… (more)

Sedivy, Donald E.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Constitutive model effects on finite element modeling of elastomer behavior in radial interference seal configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTITUTIVE MODEL EFFECTS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF ELASTOMER BEHAVIOR IN RADIAL INTERFERENCE SEAL CONFIGURATIONS A Thesis by JASON R. JACKSON Subnutted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1996 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CONSTITUTIVE MODEL EFFECTS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF ELASTOMER BEHAVIOR IN RADIAL INTERFERENCE SEAL CONFIGURATIONS A Thesis by JASON R. JACKSON...

Jackson, Jason R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Gas chromatographic identification of interferences and their elimination in measuring total reduced sulfur gases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on a selective filter that is capable of eliminating positive interference in the coulometric measurement of ambient concentrations of total reduced sulfur gases which has been successfully developed and field tested. Most of the interference was found to be caused by terpenes, which react with bromine, the active reagent in the coulometric titrators. Terpenes are given off by conifer trees in the natural environment as well as emitted in pulping and other wood-handling and lumber manufacturing operations.

de Souza, T.L.C. (Pulp and Paper Research Inst. of Canada, Pointe Claire, PQ (Canada))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Interference effects of neutral MSSM Higgs bosons with a generalised narrow-width approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixing effects in the MSSM Higgs sector can give rise to a sizeable interference between the neutral Higgs bosons. On the other hand, factorising a more complicated process into production and decay parts by means of the narrow-width approximation (NWA) simplifies the calculation. The standard NWA, however, does not account for interference terms. Therefore, we introduce a generalisation of the NWA (gNWA) which allows for a consistent treatment of interference effects between nearly mass-degenerate particles. Furthermore, we apply the gNWA at the tree and 1-loop level to an example process where the neutral Higgs bosons $h$ and $H$ are produced in the decay of a heavy neutralino and subsequently decay into a fermion pair. The $h-H$ propagator mixing is found to agree well with the approximation of Breit-Wigner propagators times finite wave-function normalisation factors, both leading to a significant interference contribution. The factorisation of the interference term based on on-shell matrix elements reproduces the full interference result within a precision of better than 1% for the considered process. The gNWA also enables the inclusion of contributions beyond the 1-loop order into the most precise prediction.

Elina Fuchs

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

206

A photochemical side reaction that interferes with the ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Jan 3, 1975 ... tion of Fe( CN) 50H3- does not directly in- ... IC does not require hypochlorite; however, .... A practical handbook of seawater analysis,. 2nd ed.

2000-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

207

K-BAND RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE SURVEY OF SOUTHEASTERN MICHIGAN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

antenna followed by the calibration switch, which alternates from the antenna to the warm load or the cold an overview of the RISE radiometer hardware, followed by a description of the execution of the RISE flight campaign in Section III. A discussion of the RISE measurements and analysis will follow in Section IV

Ruf, Christopher

208

Interference Avoidance in Optical CDMA Networks Purushotham Kamath  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Optical CDMA is a multiplexing technology that allows the utilization of the large transmission capacity to interfer- ence at high loads. It is based on two mechanisms: state estimation and transmission scheduling. Algorithms for state estimation and transmission scheduling are proposed and evaluated. Analysis

Touch, Joe

209

Cooperative Energy Efficiency Modeling and Performance Analysis in Co-Channel Interference Cellular Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Communications Cooperative Energy Efficiency Modeling and Performance...cooperative communications, energy efficiency is becoming increasingly...but also the green-house gas emission and carbon...most cases, high energy efficiency performance should......

Jing Zhang; Xi Yang; Qi Yao; Xiaohu Ge; Minho Jo; Guoqiang Mao

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Cooperative Energy Efficiency Modeling and Performance Analysis in Co-Channel Interference Cellular Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......is envis- aged that new energy-efficient system design...network in Fig. 1, a new cooperative energy efficiency model with...Products. Academic Press, New York. The Computer Journal...8, 2013 Cooperative Energy Efficiency Modeling and......

Jing Zhang; Xi Yang; Qi Yao; Xiaohu Ge; Minho Jo; Guoqiang Mao

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Interference Prevention in Size-Exclusion Chromatographic Analysis of Debranched Starch Glucans by Aqueous System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The barium acetate reacts with ammonium sulfate and produces barium sulfate, the latter having very low solubility (0.00115 g/L at 18 °C) and can be easily removed by filtration (Figure 9). ... In some cases, a weak anionic water-soluble polymer, dextran (Mw = 2 kg/mol), could be excluded from the pores of silica gel upon elution with water,(39) but a mixture of pullulans was eluted without a good correlation with molecular size when a silica gel packed column was eluted with water (data not show). ... (43, 44) In the present system, the laser detector with a vertically polarized 30 mW gallium-arsenide laser operating at ? = 690 nm gave less noise upon the elution with sodium nitrate (Figure 5). ...

Amy Hui-Mei Lin; Yung-Ho Chang; Wen-Bin Chou; Ting-Jang Lu

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

212

ICP-MS (Quadrupole) | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

371-6375 wietsma@pnnl.gov Publications Deposition of Platinum Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes by Supercritical Fluid Method. Carbon nanotube-supported platinum nanoparticles with...

213

Determination of boron isotope compositions of geological materials by laser ablation MC-ICP-MS using newly designed high sensitivity skimmer and sample cones  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The effects of addition of nitrogen gas with use of three different combinations of sample and skimmer cones on the performance of LA-MC-ICP-MS for in situ B isotope ratio measurements were investigated in detail. Compared to the standard arrangement (H skimmer cone + standard sample cone), sensitivities of B isotopes were improved by a factor of 2.4 and 3.8 with use of X skimmer cone + standard sampler cone and the X skimmer cone + Jet sample cone, respectively. The best within-run precision (2 s) of 11B/10B was approximately 50 ppm for B4 reference material (B content = 31,400 ?g/g) with use of X skimmer cone + Jet sample cone. It was found that different cone combinations had significant effects on the instrument mass bias, but had little effect on the precisions of B isotope ratios. Addition of nitrogen (2–4 ml/min) in the central channel gas did not improve the sensitivity of B. However, significant wider ion axial distribution profile and more stable mass-bias for B isotope ratios were evident. Under selected optimum conditions, good agreements between the measured ?11B values and the reference values were obtained for the international reference minerals (B4, Dravite, Elbaite, IMMRB1 and Schorl), the NIST SRM 610–612 synthetic soda-lime glasses and the MPI-DING glasses (GOR-128-G, GOR-132-G, and StHs6/80). It was found that for low-B containing (11 ppm and 31 ppm) materials, the precisions (2 s) of 11B/10B can be improved by a factor of 2–10 by using the newly designed X-skimmer cone and Jet sample cone, compared to that of using the standard cones. The international reference mineral Danburite (?11B of ? 14.92 ± 6.77 2SD, n = 32) showed a significant non-uniformity of B isotope ratio distribution. Our first boron isotopic results from standards GSD-1G (?11B: 11.92 ± 1.03, n = 30), GSE-1G (?11B: 1.63 ± 0.32, n = 30), GP-4 (?11B: ? 5.85 ± 1.01, n = 40) and DD-1 (?11B: ? 13.21 ± 0.56, n = 35) showed these materials were fairly homogeneous in boron isotope ratios, making them as good candidates as reference materials. The proposed LA-MC-ICPMS method is suitable for the direct determination of B isotope ratio in a variety of geological materials.

Lin Lin; Zhaochu Hu; Lu Yang; Wen Zhang; Yongsheng Liu; Shan Gao; Shenghong Hu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Exploring the in vitro formation of trimethylarsine sulfide from dimethylthioarsinic acid in anaerobic microflora of mouse cecum using HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although metabolism of arsenicals to form methylated oxoarsenical species has been extensively studied, less is known about the formation of thiolated arsenical species that have recently been detected as urinary metabolites. Indeed, their presence suggests that the metabolism of ingested arsenic is more complex than previously thought. Recent reports have shown that thiolated arsenicals can be produced by the anaerobic microflora of the mouse cecum, suggesting that metabolism prior to systemic absorption may be a significant determinant of the pattern and extent of exposure to various arsenic-containing species. Here, we examined the metabolism of {sup 34}S labeled dimethylthioarsinic acid ({sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V}) by the anaerobic microflora of the mouse cecum using HPLC-ICP-MS and HPLC-ESI-MS/MS to monitor for the presence of various oxo- and thioarsenicals. The use of isotopically enriched {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} made it possible to differentiate among potential metabolic pathways for production of the trimethylarsine sulfide (TMAS{sup V}). Upon in vitro incubation in an assay containing anaerobic microflora of mouse cecum, {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} underwent several transformations. Labile {sup 34}S was exchanged with more abundant {sup 32}S to produce {sup 32}S-DMTA{sup V}, a thiol group was added to yield DMDTA{sup V}, and a methyl group was added to yield {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V}. Because incubation of {sup 34}S-DMTA{sup V} resulted in the formation of {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V}, the pathway for its formation must preserve the arsenic-sulfur bond. The alternative metabolic pathway postulated for formation of TMAS{sup V} from dimethylarsinic acid (DMA{sup V}) would proceed via a dimethylarsinous acid (DMA{sup III}) intermediate and would necessitate the loss of {sup 34}S label. Structural confirmation of the metabolic product was achieved using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. The data presented support the direct methylation of DMTA{sup V} to TMAS{sup V}. Additionally, the detection of isotopically pure {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V} raises questions about the sulfur exchange properties of TMAS{sup V} in the cecum material. Therefore, {sup 34}S-TMAS{sup V} was incubated and the exchange was monitored with respect to time. The data suggest that the As-S bond associated with TMAS{sup V} is less labile than the As-S bond associated with DMTA{sup V}.

Kubachka, Kevin M. [US EPA, ORD, NERL, Microbiological and Chemical Exposure, Assessment Research Division, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States); Kohan, Michael C. [US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Herbin-Davis, Karen [US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, Experimental Toxicology Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States); Creed, John T. [US EPA, ORD, NERL, Microbiological and Chemical Exposure, Assessment Research Division, Cincinnati, OH 45268 (United States)], E-mail: creed.jack@epa.gov; Thomas, David J. [US EPA, ORD, NHEERL, Experimental Toxicology Division, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 (United States)

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Calibration of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using dried solution aerosols for the quantitative analysis of solid samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) has become the method of choice for elemental and isotopic analysis. Several factors contribute to its success. Modern instruments are capable of routine analysis at part per trillion levels with relative detection limits in part per quadrillion levels. Sensitivities in these instruments can be as high as 200 million counts per second per part per million with linear dynamic ranges up to eight orders of magnitude. With standards for only a few elements, rapid semiquantitative analysis of over 70 elements in an individual sample can be performed. Less than 20 years after its inception ICP-MS has shown to be applicable to several areas of science. These include geochemistry, the nuclear industry, environmental chemistry, clinical chemistry, the semiconductor industry, and forensic chemistry. In this introduction, the general attributes of ICP-MS will be discussed in terms of instrumentation and sample introduction. The advantages and disadvantages of current systems are presented. A detailed description of one method of sample introduction, laser ablation, is given. The paper also gives conclusions and suggestions for future work. Chapter 2, Quantitative analysis of solids by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using dried solution aerosols for calibration, has been removed for separate processing.

Leach, J.

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

216

Current facts on pacemaker electromagnetic interference and their application to clinical care  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of the sensing demand cardiac pacemaker brought with it the problem of interference as a result of extraneous electric current and electromagnetic fields. This problem still deserves consideration, not only because harmful disruption of pacemaker function, while infrequent, can occur but also because myths and misunderstandings have flourished on the subject. Misinformation has often led to needless patient anxiety and unnecessary restrictions in activities of daily living. Similarly, when health care practitioners are misinformed about pacemaker interference, potentially hazardous situations can occur in the clinical environment. This article is a review of current information on the sources and effects of electromagnetic interference (EMI) on pacemakers and includes a discussion of their application to patient care.

Sager, D.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Quantum interference in exciton-Mn spin interactions in a CdTe semiconductor quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically and experimentally the existence of a new quantum interference(QI) effect between the electron-hole interactions and the scattering by a single Mn impurity. Theoretical model, including electron-valence hole correlations, the short and long range exchange interaction of Mn ion with the heavy hole and with electron and anisotropy of the quantum dot, is compared with photoluminescence spectroscopy of CdTe dots with single magnetic ions. We show how design of the electronic levels of a quantum dot enable the design of an exciton, control of the quantum interference and hence engineering of light-Mn interaction.

Trojnar, A; Kadantsev, E; Hawrylak, P; Goryca, M; Kazimierczuk, T; Kossacki, P; Wojnar, P; Potemski, M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Quantum interference in exciton-Mn spin interactions in a CdTe semiconductor quantum dot  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show theoretically and experimentally the existence of a new quantum interference(QI) effect between the electron-hole interactions and the scattering by a single Mn impurity. Theoretical model, including electron-valence hole correlations, the short and long range exchange interaction of Mn ion with the heavy hole and with electron and anisotropy of the quantum dot, is compared with photoluminescence spectroscopy of CdTe dots with single magnetic ions. We show how design of the electronic levels of a quantum dot enable the design of an exciton, control of the quantum interference and hence engineering of light-Mn interaction.

A. Trojnar; M. Korkusinski; E. Kadantsev; P. Hawrylak; M. Goryca; T. Kazimierczuk; P. Kossacki; P. Wojnar; M. Potemski

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

219

Quantum interference controlled resonance profiles: From lasing without inversion to photo-detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we report a quantum interference mediated control of the resonance profiles in a generic three-level system and investigate its effect on key quantum interference (QI) phenomena. Namely in a three level configuration with doublets in the ground or excited states, we show control over enhancement and suppression of the emission (absorption) profiles. This is achieved by manipulation of the strength of QI and the energy spacing of the doublets. We analyze the application of such QI induced control of the resonance profile in the framework of two limiting cases of lasing without inversion and photo-detection.

Konstantin E. Dorfman; Pankaj K. Jha; Sumanta Das

2011-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

220

Fully differential study of interference effects in the ionization of H2 by proton impact  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have measured fully differential cross sections for ionization of H2 by 75-keV proton impact. The coherence length of the projectile beam was varied by changing the distance between a collimating slit and the target. By comparing the cross sections measured for large and small coherence lengths pronounced interference effects could be identified in the data. A surprising result is that the phase angle in the interference term is primarily determined by the momentum transfer and only to a lesser extent by the recoil-ion momentum.

S. Sharma; T. P. Arthanayaka; A. Hasan; B. R. Lamichhane; J. Remolina; A. Smith; M. Schulz

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electromagnetic analysis of nanostructure dispersion in polymer matrices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. R. , “Enhanced electromagnetic interference shielding40] Chung D. D. L. “Electromagnetic Interference Shieldingreinforcement, electromagnetic interference shielding, etc.

Pfeifer, Steven Charles; Pfeifer, Steven Charles

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

ANALYSIS AND APPLICATION OF INDUCTANCE IN CLOCK DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Systems and Electromagnetic Interference. John Wiley & Sons,A.1 On-chip Electromagnetic Interference EMI generated by

Hu, Xuchu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Comparative analysis of methods for determination of arsenic in coal and coal ash  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper the comparative analysis of different methods for the preparation and analysis of arsenic content in coal and coal ash have been presented. The suggested method is coal digestion method, i.e., coal ash digestion using the mixture of acids: nitric and sulphuric in presence of vanadium-pentoxide as catalyzer. The comparative analysis of different recording techniques (AAS-GH, AAS-GF and ICP-AES) has also been presented. For arsenic recording the suggested technique is AAS-GF technique. The obtained results show that the method of high precision, high sensitivity and high reproductivity has been obtained.

Vukasinovic-Pesic, V.L.; Blagojevic, N.Z.; Rajakovic, L.V. [University of Montenegro, Podgorica (Montenegro)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

An Auction Framework for Spectrum Allocation with Interference Constraint in Cognitive Radio Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Auction Framework for Spectrum Allocation with Interference Constraint in Cognitive Radio for cognitive radio networks to allow unlicensed secondary users (SUs) to share the available spectrum problem of designing efficient spectrum allocation mechanism for cogni- tive radio networks. We consider

Coupechoux, Marceau

225

Spectrum auction with interference constraint for cognitive radio networks with multiple primary and secondary users  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectrum auction with interference constraint for cognitive radio networks with multiple primary shown the benefits of cognitive radio technologies to improve the flexibility and efficiency of spectrum (SUs) to share the available spectrum of licensed primary users (PUs) fairly and efficiently, subject

Coupechoux, Marceau

226

INTERAGENCY FIELD TEST & EVALUATION OF WIND TURBINE – RADAR INTERFERENCE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These documents include a final report on the Interagency Field Test & Evaluation (IFT&E) program and summaries of three field tests designed to measure the impact of wind turbines on current air surveillance radars and the effectiveness of private sector technologies in mitigating that interference.

227

Electric Fields and Interference Effects inside Noncentrosymmetric Multilayer Films at Electrode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Fields and Interference Effects inside Noncentrosymmetric Multilayer Films at Electrode, Wisconsin 53706 The electric field profile inside a self-assembled noncen- trosymmetric zirconium n to changes in the electric field strength (E) inside the film. The noncentrosymmetric ZP films

228

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Secretes Compounds That Mimic Bacterial Signals and Interfere with Quorum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Secretes Compounds That Mimic Bacterial Signals and Interfere with Quorum reinhardtii was found to secrete substances that mimic the activity of the N-acyl-l-homoserine lactone (AHL's own AHL signals, providing evidence that the algal mimic affected quorum sensing-regulated functions

Meier, Iris

229

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near of simple shape bodies have provided valuable information related to physics of hypersonic flows about

Riabov, Vladimir V.

230

Two-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy Elimination of Zero-Quantum Interference in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the sample is large enough, the net result will be cancelation of the zero-quantum coherence. A simpleTwo-Dimensional NMR Spectroscopy Elimination of Zero-Quantum Interference in Two-Dimensional NMR and homonuclear zero-quantum coherence, which is invariably present. The zero-quantum coherence gives rise to anti

Keeler, James

231

Interference of a short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide with allergic airways responses to allergenic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference of a short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide with allergic airways responses, 4 (2002) 251-260" DOI : 10.1080/096293502900000113 #12;Abstract Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a common and may depend to concentration of pollutant. Keywords: Mouse model of asthma; nitrogen dioxide; air

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

232

Effect of Nanoparticle Conjugation on Gene Silencing by RNA Interference Neetu Singh,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of Nanoparticle Conjugation on Gene Silencing by RNA Interference Neetu Singh, Amit Agrawal) and nanoparticles (e.g., magnetic, quantum dots, gold and carbohydrate nanoparticles) have been shown to deliver siRNAs and covalent coupling of siRNAs with polymers or nanoparticles have been shown to be effective in delivering si

Bhatia, Sangeeta

233

Using Multiple Beams to Distinguish Radio Frequency Interference from SETI Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Multiple Beams to Distinguish Radio Frequency Interference from SETI Signals G. R. Harp Allen for extra-terrestrial intelligence) observations. It is a multi-beam instrument, with 16 independently steerable dual- polarization beams at 4 different tunings. Given 4 beams at one tuning, it is possible

Ellingson, Steven W.

234

Determining Full Three-Dimensional Orientation of Single Anisotropic Nanoparticles by Differential Interference Contrast Microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Keeping track: By combining differential interference contrast (DIC) image pattern recognition with DIC polarization anisotropy, the exact full three-dimensional angular information of individual tilted gold nanorods positioned in the focal plane of the objective lens can be readily determined. The angular rotational modes and kinetics of individual in-focus gold nanorods can thus be resolved dynamically.

Xiao, Lehu; Ha, Ji Won; Wei, Lin; Wang, Gufeng; Fang, Ning

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

235

3484 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 12, NO. 7, JULY 2013 Joint Back-Pressure Power Control and Interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gopalakrishnan and Nicholas D. Sidiropoulos, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Back-Pressure Power Control (BPPC) is a cross control and interference cancellation are tightly coupled. This leads to a joint Back- Pressure Power, back- pressure, power control, interference cancellation, NP-hard, con- vex approximation. I

Sidiropoulos, Nikolaos D.

236

THz generation from InN films due to destructive interference between optical rectification and photocurrent surge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THz generation from InN films due to destructive interference between optical rectification.1088/0268-1242/25/1/015004 THz generation from InN films due to destructive interference between optical rectification investigated the characteristics of THz generation including the dependence of the output power

Gilchrist, James F.

237

An EM Interference-Aware Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks in Clinical Environments Gowdemy Rajalingham, Thanh-Ngon Tran, Quang-Dung Ho, and Tho Le-Ngoc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

protocol that attempts to reduce electromagnetic interference (EMI) introduced., "Electromagnetic Interference aware Adaptive Routing for Wireless Communication Networks in electromagnetic- interference-sensitive medical environments," Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di

Barthelat, Francois

238

On the feasibility of colored glazed thermal solar collectors based on thin film interference filters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Glazed thermal solar collectors, typically equipped with black, optical selective absorber sheets, exhibit good energy conversion efficiency. However, the black color, and sometimes the visibility of tubes and corrugations of the metal sheets, limit the architectural integration into buildings. In order to overcome this drawback, interference filters are considered as a promising approach. Multilayered thin film stacks deposited on the cover glass can produce a colored reflection hiding the black absorber without a great loss of energy. These interference filters are designed and optimized by numerical simulation. Such coatings are deposited by vacuum processes (e.g. magnetron sputtering) and also via the SolGel method. Optical measurements, such as real-time laser-reflectometry and spectrophotometry, are suitable to determine film thicknesses and optical constants of individual layers, and to measure color coordinates and solar transmittance for the multilayer stacks. Advantages and disadvantages of the different coating processes are discussed.

A. Schüler; C. Roecker; J.-L. Scartezzini; J. Boudaden; I.R. Videnovic; R.S.-C. Ho; P. Oelhafen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Quantum-interference-initiated superradiant and subradiant emission from entangled atoms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculate the radiative characteristics of emission from a system of entangled atoms which can have a relative distance larger than the emission wavelength. We develop a quantum multipath interference approach which explains both super- and subradiance though the entangled states have zero dipole moment. We derive a formula for the radiated intensity in terms of different interfering pathways. We further show how the interferences lead to directional emission from atoms prepared in symmetric W states. As a byproduct of our work we show how Dicke's classic result can be understood in terms of interfering pathways. In contrast to the previous works on ensembles of atoms, we focus on finite numbers of atoms prepared in well characterized states.

Wiegner, R. [Institut fuer Optik, Information und Photonik, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany); Zanthier, J. von [Institut fuer Optik, Information und Photonik, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen (Germany); Erlangen Graduate School in Advanced Optical Technologies (SAOT), Friedrich-Alexander Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany); Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Far-infrared rotational spectrum of HD: Line shape, dipole moment, and collisional interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rotational transitions R(0) to R(3) in pure HD gas have been studied in absorption with 0.06-cm-1 resolution at densities from 2 to 68 amagat at 295 K. The permanent dipole moment of HD was found to be 8.83(28), 7.94(2), 7.88(3), and 8.43(10) for R(0) to R(3), respectively, in units of 10-4 D. These are in general agreement with ab initio calculations except for an unpredicted strong rotational state dependence. Collisional interference was observed and the interference parameter, proportional to the ratio of the average induced dipole moment to the allowed moment, is negative for R(0) and R(1), positive for R(2) and R(3), and of a magnitude consistent with calculation. Comparisons are made with earlier work, particularly that of McKellar [Can. J. Phys. 64, 227 (1986)].

P. G. Drakopoulos and G. C. Tabisz

1987-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Full counting statistics of the interference contrast from independent Bose-Einstein condensates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We show that the visibility in interference experiments with Bose-Einstein condensates is directly related to the condensate fraction. The probability distribution of the contrast over many runs of an interference experiment thus gives the full counting statistics of the condensed atom number. For two-dimensional Bose gases, we discuss the universal behavior of the probability distribution in the superfluid regime and provide analytical expressions for the distributions for both homogeneous and harmonically trapped samples. They are non-Gaussian and unimodal with a variance that is directly related to the superfluid density. In general, the visibility is a self-averaging observable only in the presence of long-range phase coherence. Close to the transition temperature, the visibility distribution reflects the universal order-parameter distribution in the vicinity of the critical point.

Steffen Patrick Rath and Wilhelm Zwerger

2010-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

242

Multiphoton state engineering by heralded interference between single photons and coherent states  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We develop a technique for generating multiphoton nonclassical states via interference between coherent and Fock states using quantum catalysis. By modulating the coherent field strength, the number of catalyst photons, and the ratio of the beam splitter upon which they interfere, a wide range of nonclassical phenomena can be created, including squeezing of up to 1.25 dB, antibunched and superbunched photon statistics, and states exhibiting over 90% fidelity to displaced coherent superposition states. We perform quantum catalysis experimentally, showing tunability into the nonclassical regime. Our protocol is not limited by weak nonlinearities that underlie most known strategies of preparing multiphoton nonclassical states. Successive iterations of this protocol can lead to direct control over the weights of higher-order terms in the Fock basis, paving the way towards conditional preparation of “designer” multiphoton states for applications in quantum computation, communication, and metrology.

Tim J. Bartley, Gaia Donati, Justin B. Spring, Xian-Min Jin, Marco Barbieri, Animesh Datta, Brian J. Smith, and Ian A. Walmsley

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Evidence for interference effects in both slow and fast electron emission from D{sub 2} by energetic electron impact  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interference patterns due to the coherent electron emission from the atomic centers of a D{sub 2} molecule by fast electron impact are experimentally observed in doubly differential cross sections. This behavior is supported by theoretical predictions. Measurements are given for the impact of 2.4 keV electrons. The emitted electrons are detected in the energy range from 2 to 2000 eV, at observation angles between 30 deg. and 130 deg. In addition to the interference phenomenon in electron emission following soft collisions, it is shown that interference effects appear for ejected electron energies corresponding to the binary-encounter mechanism.

Kamalou, O.; Chesnel, J.-Y.; Martina, D.; Fremont, F. [Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche Ions Lasers, Unite Mixte CEA-CNRS-EnsiCaen-Universite de Caen Basse Normandie, 6 Boulevard du Mal Juin, F-14050, Caen Cedex 4 (France); Hanssen, J. [Institut de Physique, Laboratoire de Physique Moleculaire et des Collisions, Universite de Metz, Technopo circumflex le 2000, 1 Boulevard Arago, 57078 Metz Cedex 3 (France); Stia, C.R. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Aenidav. Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Fojon, O.A.; Rivarola, R.D. [Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Aenidav. Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina); Escuela de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Rosario (Argentina)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Large scale two-dimensional arrays of magnesium diboride superconducting quantum interference devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic field sensors based on two-dimensional arrays of superconducting quantum interference devices were constructed from magnesium diboride thin films. Each array contained over 30?000 Josephson junctions fabricated by ion damage of 30?nm weak links through an implant mask defined by nano-lithography. Current-biased devices exhibited very large voltage modulation as a function of magnetic field, with amplitudes as high as 8?mV.

Cybart, Shane A., E-mail: scybart@ucsd.edu; Dynes, R. C. [Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Wong, T. J.; Cho, E. Y. [Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Beeman, J. W. [Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Yung, C. S.; Moeckly, B. H. [Superconductor Technologies Inc., Santa Barbara, California 93111 (United States)

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

Submicron carbon filament cement-matrix composites for electromagnetic interference shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon filaments of diameter 0.1 mm were found to be a much more effective additive than conventional carbon fibers of diameter 10 mm in providing cement pastes capable of electromagnetic interference shielding. With 0.54 vol. % filaments and a shield thickness of 4 mm, a shielding effectiveness of 30 dB was attained at 1--2 GHz. However, the filaments were less effective than the fibers for reinforcing and for providing strain sensing cement-matrix composites.

Fu, X.; Chung, D.D.L. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Composite Materials Research Lab.] [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Composite Materials Research Lab.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

IFT&E Industry Report Wind Turbine-Radar Interference Test Summary.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wind turbines have grown in size and capacity with today's average turbine having a power capacity of around 1.9 MW, reaching to heights of over 495 feet from ground to blade tip, and operating with speeds at the tip of the blade up to 200 knots. When these machines are installed within the line-of-sight of a radar system, they can cause significant clutter and interference, detrimentally impacting the primary surveillance radar (PSR) performance. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Lincoln Laboratory (MIT LL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) were co-funded to conduct field tests and evaluations over two years in order to: I. Characterize the impact of wind turbines on existing Program-of-Record (POR) air surveillance radars; II. Assess near-term technologies proposed by industry that have the potential to mitigate the interference from wind turbines on radar systems; and III. Collect data and increase technical understanding of interference issues to advance development of long-term mitigation strategies. MIT LL and SNL managed the tests and evaluated resulting data from three flight campaigns to test eight mitigation technologies on terminal (short) and long-range (60 nmi and 250 nmi) radar systems. Combined across the three flight campaigns, more than 460 of hours of flight time were logged. This paper summarizes the Interagency Field Test & Evaluation (IFT&E) program and publicly- available results from the tests. It will also discuss the current wind turbine-radar interference evaluation process within the government and a proposed process to deploy mitigation technologies.

Karlson, Benjamin; LeBlanc, Bruce Philip; Minster, David G; Estill, Milford; Miller, Bryan Edward; Busse, Franz (MIT LL); Keck, Chris (MIT LL); Sullivan, Jonathan (MIT LL); Brigada, David (MIT LL); Parker, Lorri (MIT LL); Younger, Richard (MIT LL); Biddle, Jason (MIT LL)

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Availabilty of corona cage for predicting radio interference generated from HVDC transmission line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a prospect that a corona cage is available for predicting radio interference (RI) generated from HVDC transmission lines. This is based on the assumption that the generation quantity of RI is determined by Fmax (the true maximum conductor surface gradient in the presence of space charge), regardless of surrounding electrode arrangement. This assumption has been verified by tests using corona cages and a test line.

Nakano, Y.; Sunaga, Y. (Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan))

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Collisional interference in the foreign-gas-perturbed far-infrared rotational spectrum of HD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rotational transitions R(1), R(2), and R(3) of HD have been studied in absorption with 0.06-cm-1 resolution in mixtures of HD with He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, H2, and N2 at 295 K and at densities between 3 and 62 amagat. Collisional interference was observed and the interference parameter, proportional to the ratio of the average induced moment to the allowed moment, showed a dependence on system size and ranged from +10×10-3 amagat-1 for light perturbers to -24×10-3 amagat-1 for the heavier ones. These interference effects in the pure rotational band are an order of magnitude smaller than those of the fundamental vibrational band and show a strong J dependence not predicted within current theory. The sign of the isotropic overlap component of the induced moment was determined experimentally in an unambiguous way and its trend was found to be within theoretical expectation; specifically, the sign changes as the mass increases. The line shapes were mostly symmetrical and Lorentzian; asymmetry was observed mainly for the R(1) transition with the low-frequency side of the lines super-Lorentzian and the high-frequency side sub-Lorentzian. Investigation of the effect of collision duration on the autocorrelation function of the allowed moment showed it was not important to the integrated allowed absorption.

P. G. Drakopoulos and G. C. Tabisz

1987-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

249

Technical basis for acceptance criteria on the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the development of the technical basis for establishing acceptance criteria on the susceptibility of digital systems to electromagnetic interference (EMI). The effort is sponsored by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and stems from the safety-related issues that need to be addressed with the application of digital instrumentation and controls systems in nuclear power plants. Designers of digital circuits are incorporating increasingly higher clock frequencies and lower logic voltage levels, thereby leading to the risk of susceptibility when spurious interference is misinterpreted as legitimate logic. Development of the technical basis for acceptance criteria centers around establishing good engineering practices to ensure that sufficient levels of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) are maintained between the nuclear power plant`s electronic and electromechanical systems. First, good EMC design and installation practices are needed to control the emissions from interference sources and their impact on other nearby circuits and systems. Then, a test and evaluation program is needed to outline the EMI tests to be performed, the associated test methods to be followed, and adequate test limits to ensure that the circuit or system under test meets the recommended guidelines. Test and evaluation should be followed by periodic maintenance to assess whether the recommended EMI control practices continue to be adhered to as part of the routine operation of the nuclear power plant. By following these steps, the probability of encountering safety-related problems associated with EMI will be greatly reduced.

Ewing, P.D.; Korsah, K. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US); Antonescu, C. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Rockville, MD (US). Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

250

Fluidic Microvalve Digital Processors for Automated Biochemical Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are immune to electromagnetic interference. 2.2 Introductionor pulsed electromagnetic interference. 84 Such computing

Jensen, Erik Christian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Interference mechanisms of acoustic/convective disturbances in a swirl-stabilized lean-premixed combustor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interference mechanisms of acoustic/convective disturbances were experimentally investigated in a swirl-stabilized lean-premixed gas turbine combustor operated with natural gas fuel and air at atmospheric pressure and elevated temperature. Interference between azimuthal and acoustic velocity disturbances at high-amplitude limit cycle oscillations is characterized in detail as a function of axial swirler location, oscillation frequency, and mean nozzle velocity. We show that both the frequency and the intensity of self-excited instabilities in a model gas turbine combustor are correlated with axial swirler position, which indicates that a vorticity wave generated at the swirl vanes is a primary source of convective disturbances in the absence of equivalence ratio nonuniformities. Flame transfer function measurements confirm that the linear/nonlinear heat release response is a strong function of axial swirler location, even when unforced flame structures remain unchanged. The key parameter controlling this phenomenon is the phase difference between the azimuthal and acoustic velocity perturbations at the combustor dump plane; the phase difference is affected by swirler location, frequency, mean velocity, and the speed of sound. It was found that out-of-phase interference between azimuthal and acoustic velocity disturbances at the combustor inlet yields large flame angle fluctuations in relation to swirl number fluctuations, and therefore the formation of a coherent structure is hindered due to high kinematic viscosity within the vortex formation region. In-phase interference mechanisms, on the other hand, lead to high-amplitude limit cycle oscillations. This interference mechanism is then explored in the presence of temporal equivalence ratio nonuniformities, in which two different sources of convective mechanisms should be considered simultaneously in connection with acoustic velocity perturbations and the vortex dynamics. Results reveal that equivalence ratio oscillation has a significant effect on the strength of combustion-acoustic interactions. Strong self-excited instabilities of partially premixed flames are produced by in-phase interactions between acoustic velocity and equivalence ratio oscillations, which are governed by fuel injection location, frequency, mean nozzle velocity, and fuel injector impedance. At this phase condition, unburned reactants with high equivalence ratio impinge on the flame front with high inlet velocity, potentially causing large fluctuations of heat release rate.

Kyu Tae Kim; Dom A. Santavicca

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Rapid analysis of cyanuric acid in swimming pool waters by high performance liquid chromatography using porous graphitic carbon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An approach is presented for reducing analysis times of cyanuric acid in swimming pool waters by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC ... ) to fully resolve cyanuric acid from other pool interferences wit...

R. Cantú; O. Evans; M. L. Magnuson

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Self-pollen interference is absent in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum, Brassicaceae), a species with sporophytic self-incompatibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plants with a self-incompatibility system. We investigated the effect of self-pollen interference for wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum, which has sporophytic self-incompatibility. We performed pollinations and determined seed set for plants grown...

Koelling, Vanessa A.

2007-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

254

2D and 3D periodic templates through holographic interference lithography : photonic and phononic crystals and biomimetic microlens arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis a simple technique for controlling structure via holographic interference lithography was established and implemented. Access to various space groups including such important structures as the level set ...

Ullal, Chaitanya K. (Chaitanya Kishore)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Fast Determination of Arsenic Species and Total Arsenic in Urine by HPLC-ICP-MS: Concentration Ranges for Unexposed German Inhabitants and Clinical Case Studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......also recommended low temperatures for storage of the urine samples prior to analysis...wolffish (Anarhichas lupus), which is a seawater fish living in the Northern Atlantic...Microstomus kitt), which is a bottom-living seawater fish from the North Sea and Atlantic......

Peter Heitland; Helmut D. Köster

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

 

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sodium and lithium are present in most environmental samples. In seawater and some fresh water samples, the sodium concentration can cause Sodium and lithium are present in most environmental samples. In seawater and some fresh water samples, the sodium concentration can cause interferences for lithium measurements by ICP-MS analysis. A lithium separation method that greatly reduced the amount of sodium would be advantageous for ICP-MS analysis. Brown and Reedy proposed a lithium separation approach in 1930 with acetone as an extractant since lithium chloride is very soluble in acetone and sodium chloride is insoluble in acetone. NTS would like to try this lithium separation approach with environmental samples for ICP-MS analysis. Environmental samples will be dried down in vials placed in a graphite block and then the vials will be added water and concentrated hydrochloric acid and dried down. These vials will be added water and concentrated hydrochloric acid and dried down a

257

 

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sodium and lithium are present in most environmental samples. In seawater and some fresh water samples, the sodium concentration can cause Sodium and lithium are present in most environmental samples. In seawater and some fresh water samples, the sodium concentration can cause interferences for lithium measurements by ICP-MS analysis. A lithium separation method that greatly reduced the amount of sodium would be advantageous for ICP-MS analysis. Brown and Reedy proposed a lithium separation approach in 1930 with acetone as an extractant since lithium chloride is very soluble in acetone and sodium chloride is insoluble in acetone. NTS would like to try this lithium separation approach with environmental samples for ICP-MS analysis. Environmental samples will be dried down in vials placed in a graphite block and then the vials will be added water and concentrated hydrochloric acid and dried down. These vials will be added water and concentrated hydrochloric acid and dried down

258

THE IMPACT OF QUANTUM INTERFERENCE BETWEEN DIFFERENT J-LEVELS ON SCATTERING POLARIZATION IN SPECTRAL LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spectral line polarization produced by optically pumped atoms contains a wealth of information on the thermal and magnetic structure of a variety of astrophysical plasmas, including that of the solar atmosphere. A correct decoding of such information from the observed Stokes profiles requires a clear understanding of the effects that radiatively induced quantum interference (or coherence) between pairs of magnetic sublevels produces on these observables, in the absence of and in the presence of magnetic fields of arbitrary strength. Here we present a detailed theoretical investigation of the role of coherence between pairs of sublevels pertaining to different fine-structure J-levels, clarifying when it can be neglected for facilitating the modeling of the linear polarization produced by scattering processes in spectral lines. To this end, we apply the quantum theory of spectral line polarization and calculate the linear polarization patterns of the radiation scattered at 90 Degree-Sign by a slab of stellar atmospheric plasma, both taking into account and neglecting the above-mentioned quantum interference. Particular attention is given to the {sup 2}S - {sup 2}P, {sup 5}S - {sup 5}P, and {sup 3}P - {sup 3}S multiplets. We point out the observational signatures of this kind of interference and analyze its sensitivity to the energy separation between the interfering levels, to the amount of emissivity in the background continuum radiation, to lower-level polarization, and to the presence of a magnetic field. Some interesting applications to the following spectral lines are also presented: Ca II H and K, Mg II h and k, Na I D{sub 1} and D{sub 2}, the Ba II 4554 #Angstrom# and 4934 #Angstrom# resonance lines, the Cr I triplet at 5207 #Angstrom#, the O I triplet at 7773 #Angstrom#, the Mg I b-lines, and the H{alpha} and Ly{alpha} lines of H I.

Belluzzi, Luca; Bueno, Javier Trujillo [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

Broadband calibrated scattering parameters characterization of a superconducting quantum interference device amplifier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we characterize the 2-port scattering parameters of a superconducting quantum interference device amplifier at {approx}20 mK over several gigahertz of bandwidth. The measurement reference plane is positioned on a 6.25 {Omega} microstrip line situated directly at the input and output of the device by means of a thru-reflect-line cryogenic calibration procedure. From the scattering parameters, we derive the device available power gain, isolation, and input impedance over the 2-8 GHz range. This measurement methodology provides a path towards designing wide-band matching circuits for low impedance superconducting amplifiers operating at dilution refrigerator temperatures.

Ranzani, Leonardo [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (United States); Spietz, Lafe; Aumentado, Jose [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

260

Proximity effect bilayer nano superconducting quantum interference devices for millikelvin magnetometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) incorporating thin film nanobridges as weak links have sensitivities approaching that required for single spin detection at 4.2?K. However, due to thermal hysteresis they are difficult to operate at much lower temperatures which hinder their application to many quantum measurements. To overcome this, we have developed nanoscale SQUIDs made from titanium-gold proximity bilayers. We show that their electrical properties are consistent with a theoretical model developed for heat flow in bilayers and demonstrate that they enable magnetic measurements to be made on a sample at system temperatures down to 60 mK.

Blois, A., E-mail: a.blois@ucl.ac.uk; Rozhko, S.; Romans, E. J. [London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London (UCL), 17-19 Gordon Street, London WC1H 0AH (United Kingdom); Hao, L.; Gallop, J. C. [National Physical Laboratory, Hampton Road, Teddington, Middlesex TW11 0LW (United Kingdom)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Intracollisional interference in the pure rotational spectrum of HD: Determination of the permanent electric dipole moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The intensity of the pure rotational absorption spectrum of gaseous HD is measured as a function of density for pure HD and HD-He and HD-Ar mixtures. The decrease in the absorption coefficient with increasing density is consistent with a destructive intracollisional interference between the transitions involving the permanent and collision-induced dipole moments. The permanent dipole moment of the molecule in its ground vibrational state is found to be J dependent and in the range (8-10)×10-4 D.

J. Bradley Nelson and G. C. Tabisz

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Interference Peak in the Spectrum of Bremsstrahlung on Two Amorphous Targets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the interference pattern in the spectrum of non-dipole bremsstrahlung on two amorphous foils. Apart from suppression at lowest $\\omega$, the spectrum exhibits an enhancement adjacent to it. In classical electrodynamics, the net effect of suppression and enhancement proves to be zero. We study the location and the origin of the spectral features, comparing predictions of full Moli\\`ere averaging with those of the Gaussian averaging with Coulomb corrections to the rms multiple scattering angle. Comparison with experimental data, and with previous theoretical predictions is presented.

M. V. Bondarenco; N. F. Shul'ga

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

263

Guidelines for Electromagnetic Interference Testing of Power Plant Equipment: Revision 3 to TR-102323  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. One issue that has been problematic for new plant equipment and especially for digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems in recent years is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). The EMC issue usually involves testing to show that critical equipment will not be adversely affected by electromagnetic interference (EMI) in the plant environment. This guide will help nuclear plant engineers address EMC issues and qualification testing in a consistent, comprehensive manner.

J. Cunningham and J. Shank

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Asymmetric profiles observed in the recombination of Bi79+: A benchmark for relativistic theories involving interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Asymmetric profiles have been observed in the recombination cross section of Be-like Bi obtained by measuring the electron energy dependence of the ion abundance ratio in an electron-beam ion trap. In contrast to the previous x-ray measurements, the present measurement gives the integrated recombination cross section with higher statistical quality, which provides a benchmark to test the relativistic theory involving the interference between the resonant and continuum states. The comparison with our theoretical study shows that the Breit interaction plays an important role in this case.

Nobuyuki Nakamura; Anthony P. Kavanagh; Hirofumi Watanabe; Hiroyuki A. Sakaue; Yueming Li; Daiji Kato; Fred J. Currell; Xiao-Min Tong; Tsutomu Watanabe; Shunsuke Ohtani

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

265

Event-based simulation of neutron experiments: interference, entanglement and uncertainty relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss a discrete-event simulation approach, which has been shown to give a unified cause-and-effect description of many quantum optics and single-neutron interferometry experiments. The event-based simulation algorithm does not require the knowledge of the solution of a wave equation of the whole system, yet reproduces the corresponding statistical distributions by generating detection events one-by-one. It is showm that single-particle interference and entanglement, two important quantum phenomena, emerge via information exchange between individual particles and devices such as beam splitters, polarizers and detectors. We demonstrate this by reproducing the results of several single-neutron interferometry experiments, including one that demonstrates interference and one that demonstrates the violation of a Bell-type inequality. We also present event-based simulation results of a single neutron experiment designed to test the validity of Ozawa's universally valid error-disturbance relation, an uncertainty relation derived using the theory of general quantum measurements.

Kristel Michielsen; Hans De Raedt

2014-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

266

Nuclear interference in dissociating of HD{sup +} in ultrashort laser fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dissociation dynamics of HD{sup +} molecules is studied theoretically by numerically solving the time-dependent Schroedinger equation in which the molecular vibrational and rotational degrees of freedom are included. Based on the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, the ground 1s{sigma}{sub g} state and the excited 2p{sigma}{sub u} state are taken into account, corresponding to two dissociative channels HD{sup +}{yields}D + H{sup +} and HD{sup +}{yields}H + D{sup +}, respectively. Two dissociative nuclear wave packets overlap and interfere after excited by two ultrashort laser pulses. The interference patterns can be controlled by varying the laser parameters and the dissociation probabilities are demonstrated for different laser fields. The kinetic energy-dependent distributions of the fragments are calculated using an asymptotic-flow expression in the momentum space. The branching ratio D{sup +}/(H{sup +} + D{sup +}), as a function of the delay time and the relative phase between two laser pulses, is also discussed.

Yang Di [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Cong Shulin [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Susceptibility of digital instrumentation and control systems to disruption by electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for disruption of safety-related digital instrumentation and control (I&C) systems by electromagnetic interference/radio-frequency interference (EMI/RFI) bears directly on the safe operation of advanced reactors. It is anticipated that the use of digital I&C equipment for safety and control functions will be substantially greater for advanced reactor designs than for current-generation nuclear reactors, which primarily use analog I&C equipment. In the absence of significant operational experience, the best available indication of the potential vulnerability of advanced digital safety systems to EMI/RFI comes from environmental testing of an experimental digital safety channel (EDSC) by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The EDSC is a prototypical system representative of advanced reactor safety system designs with regard to architecture, functionality and communication protocols, and board and component fabrication technologies. An understanding of the electromagnetic environment to be expected for advanced reactors can be drawn from ORNL`s survey of ambient EMI/RFI conditions in the current Generation of nuclear power plants. A summary of the results from these research efforts is reported in this paper. The lessons learned from the EMI/RFI survey and the EDSC tests contribute significantly to determining the best approach to assuring electromagnetic compatibility for the safety-related I&C systems of advanced reactors. 16 refs., 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Kercel, S.W.; Korsah, K.; Wood, R.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

On performance of multi hop CDMA wireless sensor networks with correlated interferers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multi-hop communication in wireless sensor networks helps in attaining broader coverage and distributes the use of power throughout the hops. This paper evaluates the end-to-end performance of a CDMA-based static multi-hop wireless sensor network (WSN) with layered architecture in shadowed environment. End-to-end probability of outage, bit error rate (BER), average energy consumption, and the associated delay for successful delivery of a packet from a source to a sink, separated by a fixed distance, are evaluated for different number of hops. An interference model for multi-hop is presented considering correlation amongst shadow faded interferers. Two different information delivery mechanisms are investigated using regenerative relays with and without error correction capability. Energy requirement, and delay for successful delivery of a data packet from a source to sink is evaluated for each packet transmission scheme considering a suitable energy model and compared under several conditions of node density, packet length, and number of hops between source and sink. Optimal hop count is estimated on the basis of energy requirement and delay for successful delivery of data from a source to sink. Analytical results are supported by simulation.

Uma Datta; Pradyumna Kumar Sahu; Sumit Kundu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Propagation of an optical discharge through optical fibres upon interference of modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of an optical discharge (OD) through optical fibres upon interference of LP{sub 01} and LP{sub 02} modes is studied. Under these conditions after the OD propagation through the fibre, the formation of an axially-symmetric group sequence of voids with a spatial period equal to that of mode interference (200-500 {mu}m depending on the parameters of the fibre) is observed. The groups of voids are formed near the sections of the fibre with a minimal diameter of the intensity distribution of laser radiation. Large spaces between voids in the fibre have allowed us to measure accurately the difference {Delta}n of refractive indices of the fibre core and cladding and distribution of dopants in different cross sections of the fibre after the OD propagation. A substantial increase in {Delta}n (up to ten times) is observed. Approximately half this increase is caused by compression and densification of the fibre material after the propagation of the optical discharge. (interaction of laser radiation with matter. laser plasma)

Bufetov, I A; Frolov, A A; Shubin, A V; Likhachev, M E; Lavrishchev, S V; Dianov, E M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

GraduateCouncilMeetingMinutes 204AEvansLibrary  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Education Research f. FINC 641 Valuation g. FINC 646 Technical Analysis of Financial Markets h. FINC 648 k. ICPE 602 Reservoir Characterization and Modeling l. ICPE 603 Bioenergy m. ICPE 604 Energy Systems

Behmer, Spencer T.

271

Research Project on CO2 Geological Storage and Groundwater Resources: Water Quality Effects Caused by CO2 Intrusion into Shallow Groundwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ICP-MS Hg LBNL NAA NASCENT NURE MCL MSW NGS NWIS Pb Sb SDWRAbundance ICP Part. AA NAA NURE ICP See notes See Notes HostNeutron activation analysis NURE: National Uranium Resource

Birkholzer, Jens

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Optical and structural characterization of silicon microstructures fabricated by laser interference crystallization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Uniform gratings of sharply defined polycrystalline silicon lines with micrometer-sized periods were created by laser interference crystallization of amorphous silicon. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveals that lines fabricated with high pulse energies (380 mJ/cm{sup 2}) contain large grains (dimensions up to 1.5 {micro}m), growing in a direction perpendicular to the lines. The authors assign this strong lateral growth to the melting of the material in the center of the lines combined with the presence of small grains, which act as nuclei, at the interfaces with the amorphous regions. Spatially resolved Raman spectroscopy shows that size effects dominate the Raman line shape at the edge of the line, confirming the AFM results, while stress increases towards the center of the line. The spectra measured in the middle of lines created with high energies show doping effects caused by the diffusion of boron atoms from the substrate upon exposure.

Toet, D.; Aichmayr, G.; Mulato, M.; Santos, P.V.; Spangenberg, A.; Bergmann, R.B.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Cosmic Structure as the Quantum Interference of a Coherent Dark Wave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conventional cold, particle interpretation of dark matter (CDM) still lacks laboratory support and struggles with the basic properties of common dwarf galaxies, which have surprisingly uniform central masses and shallow density profiles. In contrast, galaxies predicted by CDM extend to much lower masses, with steeper, singular profiles. This tension motivates cold, wavelike dark matter ($\\psi$DM) composed of a non-relativistic Bose-Einstein condensate, so the uncertainty principle counters gravity below a Jeans scale. Here we achieve the first cosmological simulations of this quantum state at unprecedentedly high resolution capable of resolving dwarf galaxies, with only one free parameter, $\\bf{m_B}$, the boson mass. We demonstrate the large scale structure of this $\\psi$DM simulation is indistinguishable from CDM, as desired, but differs radically inside galaxies. Connected filaments and collapsed haloes form a large interference network, with gravitationally self-bound solitonic cores inside every galax...

Schive, Hsi-Yu; Broadhurst, Tom

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Temperature dependence of the collisional interference in the pure rotational far-infrared spectrum of HD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The far-infrared pure rotational absorption spectrum of HD and HD-X mixtures was measured at 77 and 195 K. Specifically, the rotational lines R(0)–R(2) were observed for HD-HD, HD-He, HD-Ne, and HD-H2 at 77 K and R(0)–R(3) for HD-HD, HD-He, and HD-Ar at 195 K. Refined values of the permanent dipole moment of HD are deduced. Collisional interference in the spectrum is characterized by a parameter proportional to the ratio of the average-induced dipole moment to the permanent dipole moment. Its variation with temperature, particularly a change in sign, is not explainable by current theory. The spectral line-shape parameters of width, frequency shift, and asymmetry are determined and their density and temperature behavior discussed with reference to the impact theory of line broadening.

Lorenzo Ulivi; Z. Lu; G. C. Tabisz

1989-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Status of NRC approval of EPRI electromagnetic interference susceptibility testing guidelines for digital equipment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Historically, nuclear power plants installing digital equipment have been required to conduct expensive, site-specific electromagnetic interference (EMI) surveys to demonstrate that EMI will not affect the operation of sensitive electronic equipment. Consequently, EPRI formed a Utility Working Group which developed a set of generic EMI susceptibility testing guidelines, which were published as an EPRI report in September 1994. These guidelines are based upon EMI survey data obtained from several different plants and include criteria for determining their applicability. The Working Group interacted with NRC staff to obtain NRC approval. In April 1996, the NRC issued a Safety Evaluation Report (SER) endorsing the guidelines as a valid means of demonstrating EMI compatibility. The issuance of this SER was conditional on issuing a revision to the EPRI EMI Guidelines. This paper summarizes the guidelines, the NRC SER, and the current status of Revision 1 to the report.

James, R.W. [Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA (United States); Shank, J.W. [Public Service Electric & Gas Company, Hancock`s Bridge, NJ (United States); Yoder, C. [Baltimore Gas & Electric, Lusby, MD (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

276

Assessment and Mitigation of Diagnostic-Generated Electromagnetic Interference at the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is an ever-present challenge at laser facilities such as the National Ignition Facility (NIF). The major source of EMI at such facilities is laser-target interaction that can generate intense electromagnetic fields within, and outside of, the laser target chamber. In addition, the diagnostics themselves can be a source of EMI, even interfering with themselves. In this paper we describe EMI generated by ARIANE and DIXI, present measurements, and discuss effects of the diagnostic-generated EMI on ARIANE's CCD and on a PMT nearby DIXI. Finally we present some of the efforts we have made to mitigate the effects of diagnostic-generated EMI on NIF diagnostics.

Brown, C G; Ayers, M J; Felker, B; Ferguson, W; Holder, J P; Nagel, S R; Piston, K W; Simanovskaia, N; Throop, A L; Chung, M; Hilsabeck, T

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

277

Interference of thermal photons from quark and hadronic phases in relativistic collisions of heavy nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We explore intensity correlations for thermal photons having K{sub T}{<=}2 GeV/c for central collisions of heavy nuclei at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and Large Hadron Collider energies. These photons get competing contributions from the quark and hadronic phases. This competition gives rise to a unique structure, especially in the outward correlation function, owing to the interference between the photons from the two sources. The temporal separation of the two sources provides the lifetime of the system and their strengths provide the relative contribution of the two phases. The results are found to be quite sensitive to the quark-hadron phase transition temperature and the formation time of the plasma.

Srivastava, Dinesh Kumar; Chatterjee, Rupa [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

278

Do Collaborators' Annotations Help or Hurt Asynchronous Analysis?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/predators/ro bert_pickton/1.html), and of the mysterious origin of e coli bacteria in spinach all relied on the work Experimentation, Human Factors INTRODUCTION The discovery of Osama bin Laden, of a serial killer (www, they may interfere with effective analysis. The purpose of our research was to investigate the effects

Mankoff, Jennifer

279

Vibration Analysis of Wiresaw Manufacturing Processes and Wafer Surface Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vibration Analysis of Wiresaw Manufacturing Processes and Wafer Surface Measurements I. Kao (PI), S the yield per crystal and to reduce the cost. In this paper, the vibration model of wiresaw system of vibration indicate the interference of excitation and natural frequencies in the vibration patterns

Kao, Imin

280

A method for direct, semi-quantitative analysis of gas phase samples using gas chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new and complete GC–ICP-MS method is described for direct analysis of trace metals in a gas phase process stream. The proposed method is derived from standard analytical procedures developed for ICP-MS, which are regularly exercised in standard ICP-MS laboratories. In order to implement the method, a series of empirical factors were generated to calibrate detector response with respect to a known concentration of an internal standard analyte. Calibrated responses are ultimately used to determine the concentration of metal analytes in a gas stream using a semi-quantitative algorithm. The method was verified using a traditional gas injection from a GC sampling valve and a standard gas mixture containing either a 1 ppm Xe + Kr mix with helium balance or 100 ppm Xe with helium balance. Data collected for Xe and Kr gas analytes revealed that agreement of 6–20% with the actual concentration can be expected for various experimental conditions. To demonstrate the method using a relevant “unknown” gas mixture, experiments were performed for continuous 4 and 7 hour periods using a Hg-containing sample gas that was co-introduced into the GC sample loop with the xenon gas standard. System performance and detector response to the dilute concentration of the internal standard were pre-determined, which allowed semi-quantitative evaluation of the analyte. The calculated analyte concentrations varied during the course of the 4 hour experiment, particularly during the first hour of the analysis where the actual Hg concentration was under predicted by up to 72%. Calculated concentration improved to within 30–60% for data collected after the first hour of the experiment. Similar results were seen during the 7 hour test with the deviation from the actual concentration being 11–81% during the first hour and then decreasing for the remaining period. The method detection limit (MDL) was determined for the mercury by injecting the sample gas into the system following a period of equilibration. The MDL for Hg was calculated as 6.8 ?g · m{sup ? 3}. This work describes the first complete GC–ICP-MS method to directly analyze gas phase samples, and detailed sample calculations and comparisons to conventional ICP-MS methods are provided.

Carter, Kimberly E.; Gerdes, Kirk

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DOE/EA-1633: Environmental Assessment for Green Mountain Reservoir Substitution and Power Interference Agreements (December 2008)  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Green Mountain Reservoir Green Mountain Reservoir Substitution and Power Interference Agreements Final EA i Table of Contents Acronyms ...................................................................................................................................... vi 1.0 Purpose and Need .......................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 Introduction.......................................................................................................... 1-1 1.2 Project Purpose and Need .................................................................................... 1-1 1.3 Study Area ........................................................................................................... 1-2 1.4 Background

282

978-1-4577-0103-0/11/$26.00 c 2011 IEEE Mitigating Interference in a Network Measurement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

978-1-4577-0103-0/11/$26.00 c 2011 IEEE Mitigating Interference in a Network Measurement Service@cs.purdue.edu Abstract--Shared measurement services offer key advantages over conventional ad-hoc techniques for network monitoring. A measurement service may receive measurement requests concur- rently from different applications

Fahmy, Sonia

283

Electromagnetically-induced-transparency plasmonics: Quantum-interference-assisted tunable surface-plasmon-polariton resonance and excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimentally feasible configuration of a prism coupler with an electromagnetically-induced-transparency (EIT) medium layer, e.g., a semiconductor-quantum-dot (SQD) medium, deposited upon its prism base is suggested for generating tunable surface-plasmon-polariton resonance. Such surface-plasmon-polariton resonance and optical excitation of a surface plasmon wave can be manipulated by switchable quantum interference among SQD multilevel transitions driven by two external control fields. When an incident probe field is coupled into a surface plasmon wave excitation mode, the surface-plasmon-polariton (SPP) resonance at the interface between the SQD medium layer and the substrate will arise, and the quantum-coherently controllable reflection spectrum of the probe field on the prism base can be achieved. In this process, destructive and constructive quantum interference (determined by the intensity ratio of the two external control fields) in the SQD multilevel system plays a key role for achieving the tunable reflection spectrum. The EIT-based surface-plasmon-polariton resonance presented here will have three characteristics (some of them would be attractive): (i) switchable quantum interference exhibited by surface plasmon wave excitation, (ii) quantum-coherently controllable surface plasmon polaritons by external optical fields, (iii) surface wave sensitive to dispersion of the SQD quantum coherent medium. Such an effect of controllable optical response based on the quantum-interference switchable surface-plasmon-polariton resonance in the EIT-prism coupler may find some potential applications in design of new photonic and quantum optical devices.

Jian Qi Shen

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

284

Interference effects in photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance spectra of CdTe films grown on Si substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interference effects in photoreflectance and contactless electroreflectance spectra of CdTe films and contactless electroreflectance CER spectra of CdTe films grown on Si substrate, at energies below the band gap of CdTe. The simultaneous observation of OF in the reflectance (R) spectrum having the same period

Ghosh, Sandip

285

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 10, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 3943 Energy Conservation and Interference Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 10, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 3943 Energy Conservation and Interference Mitigation: From Decoupling Property to Win-Win Strategy Liqun Fu, Member, IEEE, and Mung Chiang, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper studies the problem of energy con- servation

Huang, Jianwei

286

RNA Interference of Signal Peptide-binding Protein SRP54 Elicits Deleterious Effects and Protein Sorting Defects in Trypanosomes*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RNA Interference of Signal Peptide-binding Protein SRP54 Elicits Deleterious Effects and Protein recognition particle (SRP) has a unique composition compared with all known SRP complexes, because it contains the essentiality of the SRP pathway and its role in protein translocation in Trypanosoma brucei. The production

Unger, Ron

287

Photon interference effect in x-ray absorption spectra over a wide energy range Y. Nishino and T. Ishikawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Therefore the atomic absorption coeffi- cient a is given by a a PI a ES a Incoh , 1 where a PI , a ESPhoton interference effect in x-ray absorption spectra over a wide energy range Y. Nishino and T Received 3 July 2002; published 12 September 2002 We consider fundamental structures in x-ray absorption

Korecki, Pawe³

288

Lack of Interference in Long-Term Memory for Socially Learned Food Preferences in Rats (Rattus norvegicus)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lack of Interference in Long-Term Memory for Socially Learned Food Preferences in Rats (Rattus had no measurable effect on rats' socially learned food preferences. The stability of socially-identifying cues that either come from particles of recently eaten food clinging to the fur of a rat or escape from

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

289

Precise and accurate determination of boron concentration in silicate rocks by direct isotope dilution ICP-MS: Insights into the B budget of the mantle and B behavior in magmatic systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We determine the bulk boron concentration of silicate rocks using a new method that does not require sample evaporation. After spiking (10B enriched NIST SRM 952) and HF attack, the rock solution is directly aspirated into the ICP-MS, and B concentration is determined by isotopic dilution. This technique is applied to samples with B contents in the range of 0.1–30 ppm. The very low blank (boron during mantle melting and enrichment processes (i.e. metasomatism), and to estimate the primitive mantle B content (0.26 ± 0.04 ppm), while the lava data allows us to quantify B loss due to magmatic degassing (between 10 and 30%), using the composition of a primitive melt inclusion as the reference for an initial magma composition. Our knowledge of the degassing history of the samples allows us to quantify loss during lava emplacement and cooling (4–10%), continuous open-system degassing (10%) and shallow closed-system degassing (5–8%). Our results indicate that 1) B abundances of ocean island basalts are ca. 60–75% less than estimates based on elements with similar incompatibility (e.g., Nb and Ta), 2) this deficiency could reflect source depletion and/or magmatic degassing, and 3) magma degassing accounts for less than half of the inferred boron anomaly seen on primitive mantle-normalized patterns, implying that the mantle sources of ocean island basalts must be depleted in boron. The robust technique presented in this study could provide useful constraints on boron distribution within the Earth's mantle as well as on its behavior in magmatic systems.

G. Menard; I. Vlastélic; D.A. Ionov; E.F. Rose-Koga; J.-L. Piro; C. Pin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

THE COMPOSITION AND ORIGIN OF HYDROTHERMAL FLUIDS IN A NYF-TYPE GRANITIC PEGMATITE, SOUTH PLATTE DISTRICT, COLORADO: EVIDENCE FROM LA–ICP–MS ANALYSIS OF FLUORITE-AND QUARTZ-HOSTED FLUID INCLUSIONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...a F3) et dans la fluorite hydrothermale violette, blanche et incolore (fluides F2 et F4...Windsor Canada 1331 1355 PACROFI VIII Kontak Daniel J. editor Anderson A. J. editor Marshall Daniel D. editor University of Windsor Canada CAMIA6...

Joel E. Gagnon; Iain M. Samson; Brian J. Fryer; Anthony E. Williams-Jones

291

Intracollisional interference of R lines of HD in mixtures of deuterium hydride and helium gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Line shapes of the R0(0) and R0(1) lines in the pure rotational band, and of the R1(0) and R1(1) lines in the fundamental band of HD are computed from first principles for HD molecules that interact collisionally with He atoms. Interference of the permanent dipole of the HD molecule and the interaction-induced dipole of HD–He supermolecular complex shapes these profiles. We use the close-coupling scheme for the scattering calculations which take into account the anisotropy of the HD–He interaction potential. Thus rotational level mixing is accounted for in a non-perturbative manner. The treatment is fully quantum mechanical and takes into account single binary collisions between HD and He. Spectral absorption profiles and line shape parameters of the R-lines are computed for comparison with existing measurements at 77 K. Agreement between theory and measurements is observed in the low-helium-density limit of the measured absorption as expected.

Magnus Gustafsson and Lothar Frommhold

2001-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

292

Erasing the traces of classical mechanics in ionization of H{sub 2} by quantum interferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The single ionization of hydrogen molecules by fast electron impact is studied theoretically for transitions from the ground (gerade) state to final ground (gerade) and first-excited (ungerade) states of H{sub 2}{sup +}. It is shown that under definite conditions and for particular orientations of the molecule, the main physical features of the ionization reaction, which are the binary and recoil peaks usually associated with classical mechanisms, are completely erased by quantum interference effects that resemble the ones predicted previously for photoionization reactions. However, these new effects cannot be derived from photoionization results, as the electromagnetic field cannot transfer momentum. In addition, it is found that the emission spectra of transitions leading to the final gerade and ungerade states of the H{sub 2}{sup +} residual target are analogous in certain cases to the patterns of two sources emitting waves in phase or antiphase, respectively. Finally, we show how an average of the emission from randomly oriented molecules produces a binary peak at the classical expected position, in agreement with experiments.

Fojon, O. A.; Stia, C. R.; Rivarola, R. D. [Laboratorio de Colisiones Atomicas and Instituto de Fisica Rosario, CONICET-UNR, Avenida Pellegrini 250, 2000 Rosario (Argentina)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Susceptibility of digital instrumentation and control systems to disruption by electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The potential for disruption of safety-related digital instrumentation and control (I and C) systems by electromagnetic interference/radio-frequency interface (EMI/RFI) bears directly on the safe operation of advanced reactors. It is anticipated that the use of digital I and C equipment for safety and control functions will be substantially greater for advanced reactor designs than for current-generation nuclear reactors, which primarily use analog I and C equipment. In the absence of significant operational experience, the best available indication of the potential vulnerability of advanced digital safety systems to EMI/RFI comes from environmental testing of an experimental digital safety channel (EDSC) by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The EDSC is a prototypical system representative of advanced reactor safety system designs with regard to architecture, functionality and communication protocols, and board and component fabrication technologies. An understanding of the electromagnetic environment to be expected for advanced reactors can be drawn from ORNL`s survey of ambient EMI/RFI conditions in the current generation of nuclear power plants. A summary of the results from these research efforts is reported in this paper. The lessons learned from the EMI/RFI survey and the EDSC tests contribute significantly to determining the best approach to assuring electromagnetic compatibility for the safety-related I and C systems of advanced reactors.

Kercel, S.W.; Korsah, K.; Wood, R.T.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Microsoft Word - ICP CX determinaton.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2-001 2-001 SECTION A. Project Title: MFC - Sodium Processing Facility Tank System Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Closure SECTION B. Project Description The Sodium Process Facility tank systems and associated piping and components will be closed in compliance with the Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (HWMA/RCRA) SPF/SSS Permit. The clean-closure action levels will be achieved by removal and/or decontaminating or treating waste residues in the SPF tanks systems and the SSS piping/components. The system and associated piping and components are located in the MFC- 799 and MFC-799A Facilities. The closure will ensure the HWMA units will not require further maintenance and controls after closure, minimize or eliminate any threats to human health and the environment, and post closure release of

297

CORAL Name: STS 1 Model Number: ICP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

etching and deep/through wafer anisotropic etching capabilities. The tool uses two independent 13.56MHz to the plasma. The efficient inductive power coupling of the coil to the plasma allows high density plasmas will run a purge cycle three times before venting to atmosphere. When the loadlock is at atmosphere, a blue

Reif, Rafael

298

Microsoft Word - ICP CX determinaton.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

be achieved by removal andor decontaminating or treating waste residues in the SPF tanks systems and the SSS pipingcomponents. The system and associated piping and components...

299

CORAL Name: STS 2 Model Number: ICP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. During the subsequent etch cycle, the passivating film is preferentially removed from the bottom the Transfer window located on the lower right of the screen: Click on the Unload button under the Lock heading and shut and latch the loadlock lid. Using a Sequence: Load the desired sequence using the Sequencer window

Reif, Rafael

300

FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Methodologies to Analysis Methodologies to someone by E-mail Share FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Facebook Tweet about FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Twitter Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Google Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Delicious Rank FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on Digg Find More places to share FCT Systems Analysis: Analysis Methodologies on AddThis.com... Home Analysis Methodologies Resource Analysis Technological Feasibility & Cost Analysis Environmental Analysis Delivery Analysis Infrastructure Development & Financial Analysis Energy Market Analysis DOE H2A Analysis Scenario Analysis Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The design, implementation and testing of data gathering instrumentation for measurement of electromagnetic interference in electric power substations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DESIGN, IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING OF DATA GATHERING INSTRUMENTATION FOR MEASUREMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University... IN ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS A Thesis by GARY WAYNE GERLOFF Approved as to style and content by: B. Don Russell (Chairman of Committee) A. K. A IM Sallie She p rd (Member) August 1983 ABSTRACT The Design, Implementation and Testing of Data...

Gerloff, Gary Wayne

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

302

Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by influenza B virus nucleoprotein: An insight into interference between influenza A and B viruses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Given that co-infection of cells with equivalent titers of influenza A and B viruses (FluA and FluB) has been shown to result in suppression of FluA growth, it is possible that FluB-specific proteins might hinder FluA polymerase activity and replication. We addressed this possibility by individually determining the effect of each gene of FluB on the FluA polymerase assay and found that the nucleoprotein of FluB (NP{sub FluB}) inhibits polymerase activity of FluA in a dose-dependent manner. Mutational analyses of NP{sub FluB} suggest that functional NP{sub FluB} is necessary for this inhibition. Slower growth of FluA was also observed in MDCK cells stably expressing NP{sub FluB}. Further analysis of NP{sub FluB} indicated that it does not affect nuclear import of NP{sub FluA}. Taken together, these findings suggest a novel role of NP{sub FluB} in inhibiting replication of FluA, providing more insights into the mechanism of interference between FluA and FluB and the lack of reassortants between them.

Wanitchang, Asawin; Narkpuk, Jaraspim; Jaru-ampornpan, Peera; Jengarn, Juggagarn [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)] [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand); Jongkaewwattana, Anan, E-mail: anan.jon@biotec.or.th [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)] [Virology and Cell Technology Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Pathumthani 12120 (Thailand)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

303

Role of the induced dipole moment in the collisional interference in the pure rotational spectrum of HD-He and HD-Ar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The parameters describing the interference between allowed and collision-induced transitions in the far-infrared spectrum of HD-He and HD-Ar are computed following the formalism of Gao et al. [Phys. Rev. A 44, 7379 (1991)] and the calculational procedure of Gao et al. [Phys. Rev. A 46, 5781 (1992)]. The contribution from each component of the induced-dipole moment is identified. The interference between the induced-dipole component having the same symmetry as the allowed moment and the allowed moment itself has the largest single contribution to the intensity interference effect. The mixing of rotational levels by an anisotropic intermolecular interaction introduces other components into the interference mechanism. The overall effect is usually to decrease the magnitude of the interference and to permit line broadening and asymmetry to occur. This interaction is most effective in causing the anisotropic overlap-induced pair dipole moment B2(21) to play a role in the interference mechanism. The effect of the isotropic overlap-induced dipole moment is usually negligible.

B. McQuarrie; G. C. Tabisz; B. Gao; J. Cooper

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Synthesis of zinc oxide particles coated multiwalled carbon nanotubes: Dielectric properties, electromagnetic interference shielding and microwave absorption  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: A resistor–capacitor model could well describe the relationships between the structure and the dielectric properties, electromagnetic interference shielding and microwave-absorption of the composites in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz. The resonant behavior associated with the multiwalled carbon nanotubes/zinc oxide (MWCNTs/ZnO) interface greatly broadens the absorption band. Highlights: ? ZnO-immobilized on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs/ZnO) have resonant behavior. ? A resistor–capacitor model describes the relation between the structure and properties. ? The composite with 40 wt% MWCNTs/ZnO has good electromagnetic interference shielding. ? Two different types of absorption peaks are found in the MWCNTs/ZnO composites. ? The existence of MWCNTs/ZnO interface broadens the absorption band. -- Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were coated on the surfaces of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). High resolution transmission electron microscopy images show that the wurtzite ZnO immobilized on the MWCNTs is single-crystalline with a preferential [0 0 0 2] growth direction. A capacitor was generated by the interface of ZnO and MWCNTs, and a resistor–capacitor model could well describe the relationships between the structure and the dielectric properties, electromagnetic interference shielding and microwave-absorption of the composites in the frequency range of 2–18 GHz. The network built by ZnO-immobilized MWCNTs could contribute to the improvement of electrical properties. Resonant peaks associated with the capacitor formed by the interface were observed in the microwave absorption spectra, which suggest that reflection–loss peaks greatly broadens the absorption bandwidth.

Song, Wei-Li [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Cao, Mao-Sheng, E-mail: caomaosheng@bit.edu.cn [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Wen, Bo; Hou, Zhi-Ling; Cheng, Jin [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Material Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Yuan, Jie, E-mail: yuanjie4000@sina.com [School of Information Engineering, Central University for Nationality, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Information Engineering, Central University for Nationality, Beijing 100081 (China)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Nonlinear interference noise in 100-Gbit s{sup -1} communication lines with the DP-QPSK modulation format  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nonlinear interference noise power was measured experimentally as a function of the signal power and the length of the fibre coherent 100-Gbit s{sup -1} communication line, in which chromatic dispersion is not optically compensated. An expression was derived for the optimal signal power corresponding to a maximal excess of the measured optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) over the OSNR required for conditionally error-free operation. The dependence of signal optimal power measured experimentally well agrees with the theoretical formula derived. (optical information transmission)

Gurkin, N V; Nanii, Oleg E; Novikov, A G; Plaksin, S O; Treshchikov, V N; Ubaydullaev, Rustam R

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

306

Observation of a narrow structure in 1H(?,KS0)X via interference with phi-meson production  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report observation of a narrow peak structure at ?1.54 GeV with a Gaussian width ? = 6 MeV in the missing mass of KS in the reaction ? + p ? pKSKL. The observed structure may be due to the interference between a strange (or antistrange) baryon resonance in the pKL system and the ?(KSKL) photoproduction leading to the same final state. The statistical significance of the observed excess of events estimated as the log-likelihood ratio of the resonant signal + background hypothesis and the ?-production-based background-only hypothesis corresponds to 5.3?.

Amaryan, M J; Nepali, C; Polyakov, M V; Azimov, Ya; Briscoe, W J; Dodge, G E; Hyde, C E; Klein, F; Kuznetsov, V; Strakovsky, I

2012-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

307

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COHERENT NOISE, ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE OF THE ATLAS EM CALORIMETER FRONT END BOARD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ATLAS Electromagnetic (EM) calorimeter (EMCAL) Front End Board (FEB) will be located in custom-designed enclosures solidly connected to the feedtroughs. It is a complex mixed signal board which includes the preamplifier, shaper, switched capacitor array analog memory unit (SCA), analog to digital conversion, serialization of the data and related control logic. It will be described in detail elsewhere in these proceedings. The electromagnetic interference (either pick-up from the on board digital activity, from power supply ripple or from external sources) which affects coherently large groups of channels (coherent noise) is of particular concern in calorimetry and it has been studied in detail.

CHASE,B.CITTERIO,M.LANNI,F.MAKOWIECKI,D.RADEKA,S.RESCIA,S.TAKAI,H.ET AL.

1999-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

308

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COHERENT NOISE, ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE OF THE ATLAS EM CALORIMETER FRONT END BOARD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ATLAS Electromagnetic (EM) calorimeter (EMCAL) Front End Board (FEB) will be located in custom-designed enclosures solidly connected to the feedtroughs. It is a complex mixed signal board which includes the preamplifier, shaper, switched capacitor array analog memory unit (SCA), analog to digital conversion, serialization of the data and related control logic. It will be described in detail elsewhere in these proceedings. The electromagnetic interference (either pick-up from the on board digital activity, from power supply ripple or from external sources) which affects coherently large groups of channels (coherent noise) is of particular concern in calorimetry and it has been studied in detail.

CHASE,R.L.; CITTERIO,M.; LANNI,F.; MAKOWIECKI,D.; RADEKA,V.; RESCIA,S.; TAKAI,H.; BAN,J.; PARSONS,J.; SIPPACH,W.

2000-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

309

A Scalable Soft Spot Analysis Methodology for Compound Noise Effects in Nano-meter Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scalable Soft Spot Analysis Methodology for Compound Noise Effects in Nano-meter Circuits Chong@ece.ucsd.edu ABSTRACT Circuits using nano-meter technologies are becoming increasingly vulnerable to signal interference methodology to study the vulnerability of digital ICs exposed to nano-meter noise and transient soft errors

California at San Diego, University of

310

Reduction of plyatomic ion interferences in indictively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with cryogenic desolvation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A desolvation scheme for introducing aqueous and organic samples into an argon inductively coupled plasma is described; the aerosol generated by nebulizer is heated (+140 C) and cooled ({minus}80 C) repeatedly, and the dried aerosol is then injected into the mass spectrometer. Polyatomic ions are greatly suppressed. This scheme was validated with analysis of seawater and urine reference samples. Finally, the removal of organic solvents by cryogenic desolvation was studied.

Alves, L.C.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Lead Speciation by HPLC—ICP—AES and HPLC—ICP—MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......detection. | Department of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati...Caruso Department of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati...Smelting operations and the combustion of coal have also con tributed...National Forensic Chemistry Center, U.S. Food......

Amel Al-Rashdan; Douglas Heitkemper; Joseph A. Caruso

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Lead Speciation by HPLC—ICP—AES and HPLC—ICP—MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) (5...electrothermal atom- ization atomic absorption spectrometry (EAAAS) (6...gas chromatog raphy atomic absorption spectrometry (GC-AAS...9 C with a refrigerated chiller (Neslab Instruments). The......

Amel Al-Rashdan; Douglas Heitkemper; Joseph A. Caruso

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Lead Speciation by HPLC—ICP—AES and HPLC—ICP—MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......ronment is cause for great concern. Health authorities around the world are...even trace levels pose long term health risks (1). Young children are...in the home are a particularly dangerous health * This work w a s presented in......

Amel Al-Rashdan; Douglas Heitkemper; Joseph A. Caruso

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Lead Speciation by HPLC—ICP—AES and HPLC—ICP—MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Industries) that allowed real-time display as well as data storage on magnetic disc. The concentric nebulizer was used with a...stripping voltametric determination of trimethyl- lead in seawater by polarography and mercury-199 and lead-207 nuclear magnetic......

Amel Al-Rashdan; Douglas Heitkemper; Joseph A. Caruso

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Interference-induced enhancement of intensity and energy of a multimode quantum optical field by a subwavelength array of coherent light sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, we have showed a mechanism that could provide a great transmission enhancement of the light waves passed through subwavelength aperture arrays in thin metal films not by the plasmon-polariton waves, but by the constructive interference of diffracted waves (beams generated by the apertures) at the detector placed in the far-field zone. We now present a quantum reformulation of the model. The Hamiltonian describing the interference-induced enhancement of the intensity and energy of a multimode quantum optical field is derived. Such a field can be produced, for instance, by a subwavelength array of coherent light sources.

S. V. Kukhlevsky

2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

316

Sampling Rate and Ozone Interference for Passive Deployment of Waters Sep-Pak XPoSure Samplers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Investigation of Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde Investigation of Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde Sampling Rate and Ozone Interference for Passive Deployment of Waters Sep-Pak XPoSure Samplers Nasim A. Mullen, Marion L. Russell, Melissa M. Lunden, Brett C. Singer Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California, USA August 2013 Funding was provided by the California Energy Commission through Contract 500-09-042, by the U.S. Dept. of Energy Building America Program under Contract DE-AC02-05CH11231; by the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control through Agreement I-PHI-01070; and by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Indoor Environments Division through

317

Opto-electronic device for frequency standard generation and terahertz-range optical demodulation based on quantum interference  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An opto-electronic system and technique for comparing laser frequencies with large frequency separations, establishing new frequency standards, and achieving phase-sensitive detection at ultra high frequencies are disclosed. Light responsive materials with multiple energy levels suitable for multi-photon excitation are preferably used for nonlinear mixing via quantum interference of different excitation paths affecting a common energy level. Demodulation of a carrier with a demodulation frequency up to 100`s THZ can be achieved for frequency comparison and phase-sensitive detection. A large number of materials can be used to cover a wide spectral range including the ultra violet, visible and near infrared regions. In particular, absolute frequency measurement in a spectrum from 1.25 {micro}m to 1.66 {micro}m for fiber optics can be accomplished with a nearly continuous frequency coverage. 7 figs.

Georgiades, N.P.; Polzik, E.S.; Kimble, H.J.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

318

Characterization and Suppression of the Electromagnetic Interference Induced Phase Shift in the JLab FEL Photo - Injector Advanced Drive Laser System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The drive laser for the photo-cathode gun used in the JLab Free Electron Laser (FEL) facility had been experiencing various phase shifts on the order of tens of degrees (>20{sup o} at 1497 MHz or >40ps) when changing the Advanced Drive Laser (ADL) [2][3][4] micro-pulse frequencies. These phase shifts introduced multiple complications when trying to setup the accelerator for operation, ultimately inhibiting the robustness and overall performance of the FEL. Through rigorous phase measurements and systematic characterizations, we determined that the phase shifts could be attributed to electromagnetic interference (EMI) coupling into the ADL phase control loop, and subsequently resolved the issue of phase shift to within tenths of a degree (<0.5{sup o} at 1497 MHz or <1ps). The diagnostic method developed and the knowledge gained through the entire process will prove to be invaluable for future designs of similar systems.

F. G. Wilson, D. Sexton, S. Zhang

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Nonlinear optical spectra having characteristics of Fano interferences in coherently coupled lowest exciton biexciton states in semiconductor quantum dots  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optical nonlinear effects are examined using a two-color micro-photoluminescence (micro-PL) method in a coherently coupled exciton-biexciton system in a single quantum dot (QD). PL and photoluminescence excitation spectroscopy (PLE) are employed to measure the absorption spectra of the exciton and biexciton states. PLE for Stokes and anti-Stokes PL enables us to clarify the nonlinear optical absorption properties in the lowest exciton and biexciton states. The nonlinear absorption spectra for excitons exhibit asymmetric shapes with peak and dip structures, and provide a distinct contrast to the symmetric dip structures of conventional nonlinear spectra. Theoretical analyses with a density matrix method indicate that the nonlinear spectra are caused not by a simple coherent interaction between the exciton and biexciton states but by coupling effects among exciton, biexciton and continuum states. These results indicate that Fano quantum interference effects appear in exciton-biexciton systems at QDs and offer important insights into their physics.

Gotoh, Hideki, E-mail: gotoh.hideki@lab.ntt.co.jp; Sanada, Haruki; Yamaguchi, Hiroshi; Sogawa, Tetsuomi [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1 Morinosato-Wakamiya, Atsugi-shi, Kanagawa 243-0198 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

Experiments performed in order to reveal fundamental differences between the diffraction and interference of waves and electrons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffraction patterns of electrons are believed to resemble those of electromagnetic waves (EMW). I performed a series of experiments invoked to show that the periodicity of peaks in the diffraction diagram of electrons is concerned with the periodicity of the arrangement of scattering centers in the diffraction grating in combination with the supposed character of the spatial structure of the electron as a system of regularly spaced concentric shells of elasticity. I started from the experiment on the diffraction of electrons and EMWs at the sharp edge of the opaque half-plane. This simple scattering configuration enabled me to discriminate between the re-radiation mechanism of the wave diffraction and ricochet scattering of electrons on the edge of the half-plane. Then I made experiments with scattering on composite objects proceeding step by step from a single straight edge to a couple of edges (one slit) and then to four edges (two slits). Thus I succeeded in interpretation of the double-slit diffraction (four straight edges) in terms of the scattering on a single edge. I managed also to observe the electron's trajectory. Equipping the slit's edge with a semiconductor sensors I registered the passing of the electron through the slit detecting simultaneously a weaker signal at another slit. This technique appeared not to destroy or disturb the "interference" pattern. Closing one slit by inserting therein a transparent for EMWs piece of dielectric I have found that the scattering pattern beneath this slit vanishes while the scattering pattern under the open slit remains as before when both slits were open. This experiment indicates that the electron "interferes" with its electromagnetic component passed via the slit plugged by the transparent for it dielectric.

Victor V. Demjanov

2010-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Systematic binding analysis of the insulin gene transcription control region: insulin and immunoglobulin enhancers utilize similar transactivators.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...IgHjElb ........ 358 GGCCAT CTTG IgHp.E2b ........ 39OTGCCAGCTGC IgHp.E3b ........ 409TGCCACATGA AMLP-USEC .. ...... -63GGCCACGTGA -104 -230 349 381 400 -54 . ~~ _ FIG. 4. Methylation interference analysis of NF-1-InsEl...

L G Moss; J B Moss; W J Rutter

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

The determination of interference levels of temperature and humidity on continuous monitoring of diisocyanate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to standard conditions of 25 C and 760 mm Hg: Vs VX P X 760 T + 273 where: Vs V P T volume of air(L) 9 25 C and 760 mm Hg volume of air(L) as measured barometric pressure in mm Hg temperature of air in degree centrigrade Appendix p Equipment... of Analysis 28 Experimental Procedure . . . . . . . . . 29 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION ~ ~ ~ ~ 5 1 x1 Qmyz, IS rqw SPIC, 0 0 Qs PL 0-- T QX S CQQ l' t D g %70% S, Qg DD jJ D ~vSwg D( , ZS 2 4a 46 ~PP:"NDIX e ":xperimen+al Condi+ions fo" &umidity...

Ryan, Donald Arden

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

323

Zhang/Unlicensed Mobile Access Technology AU5537_C012 Page Proof Page 229 18.4.2008 06:32pm #3 Interference Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..................................................................................................231 12.2.2 Cognitive Radio and Spectrum Sharing .................................................232 into two types: licensed spectrum and licensed- exempt spectrum. The licensed spectrum is tightly be called an interference-free spectrum. However, this is not the case for license-exempt spectrum, which

324

Implementing an ancilla-free 1?M economical phase-covariant quantum cloning machine with superconducting quantum-interference devices in cavity QED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a simple scheme to realize 1?M economical phase-covariant quantum cloning machine (EPQCM) with superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) qubits. In our scheme, multi-SQUIDs are fixed into a microwave cavity by adiabatic passage for their manipulation. Based on this model, we can realize the EPQCM with high fidelity via adiabatic quantum computation.

Long-Bao Yu; Wen-Hai Zhang; Liu Ye

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

325

Compound and Elemental Analysis At Valles Caldera - Redondo Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(ICP) for Al, As, Ba, Ca, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Si, Sr, and Zn; Fire AssayAtomic Absorption (AA) spectroscopy using a graphite furnace for Ag, Al3+, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu,...

326

Analysis of spent ion exchange media: Superlig 639 and Superlig 644  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current BNFL Inc. flowsheet for the pretreatment of the Hanford High-Level tank wastes includes the use of Superlig{reg_sign} materials for the removal of {sup 137}Cs and {sup 99}Tc from the aqueous fraction of the waste. The cesium-selective Superlig{reg_sign} 644 (SL-644) and the technetium-selective Superlig{reg_sign} 639 (SL-639) have been evaluated in tests with actual waste samples. These materials have a finite processing lifetime in the plant and will need to be disposed of. The composition and level of residual radionuclide contamination is important for assessing various disposal pathways for the Superlig{reg_sign} materials. This report contains the results of analyses of subsamples of the SL-639 and SL 644 materials that have been used in small column testing of actual waste samples at the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory. The wastes that have been tested include samples from Tanks 241-AW-101 and 241-AN-107. The analyses of the spent resins include inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) for metals, cold vapor atomic absorption (CVAA) spectroscopy for mercury, gamma energy analysis (GEA) for radionuclides and inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) for selected metals and radionuclides. While these results provide an indication of the analyte concentrations that may be left on the spent resin, they do not fully represent the concentrations that may be found after extended plant processing with additional load/elute cycles and different waste compositions. BNFL estimates that the SL-644 may last for 100 load/elute cycles with Envelope A and C wastes and 20 cycles with Envelope B wastes. The number of useable load/elute cycles for the SL-639 is not well defined, but is likely on the order of hundreds.

DE Kurath; JJ Wagner

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Unitary limit and quantum interference effect in disordered two-dimensional crystals with nearly half-filled bands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based on the self-consistent T-matrix approximation, the quantum interference (QI) effects are studied with the diagrammatic technique in weakly disordered two-dimensional crystals with nearly half-filled bands. In addition to the usual 0-mode cooperon and diffuson, there exists ?-mode cooperon and diffuson in the unitary limit due to the particle-hole symmetry. The diffusive ? modes are gapped by the deviation from the exactly nested Fermi surface. The conductivity diagrams with the gapped ?-mode cooperon or diffuson are found to give rise to unconventional features of the QI effects. Besides inelastic scattering, thermal fluctuation is also shown to be an important dephasing mechanism in the QI processes related to the diffusive ? modes. In the proximity of the nesting case, a power-law antilocalization effect appears due to the ?-mode diffuson. For large deviation from the nested Fermi surface, this antilocalization effect is suppressed, and the conductivity remains to have the usual logarithmic weak-localization correction contributed by the 0-mode cooperon. As a result, the dc conductivity in the unitary limit becomes a nonmonotonic function of the temperature or the sample size, which is quite different from the prediction of the usual weak-localization theory.

Y. H. Yang; Y. G. Wang; M. Liu; D. Y. Xing

2003-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

328

Standard test methods for chemical, mass spectrometric, spectrochemical, nuclear, and radiochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium nitrate solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These test methods cover procedures for the chemical, mass spectrometric, spectrochemical, nuclear, and radiochemical analysis of nuclear-grade plutonium nitrate solutions to determine compliance with specifications. 1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following order: Sections Plutonium by Controlled-Potential Coulometry Plutonium by Amperometric Titration with Iron(II) Plutonium by Diode Array Spectrophotometry Free Acid by Titration in an Oxalate Solution 8 to 15 Free Acid by Iodate Precipitation-Potentiometric Titration Test Method 16 to 22 Uranium by Arsenazo I Spectrophotometric Test Method 23 to 33 Thorium by Thorin Spectrophotometric Test Method 34 to 42 Iron by 1,10-Phenanthroline Spectrophotometric Test Method 43 to 50 Impurities by ICP-AES Chloride by Thiocyanate Spectrophotometric Test Method 51 to 58 Fluoride by Distillation-Spectrophotometric Test Method 59 to 66 Sulfate by Barium Sulfate Turbidimetric Test Method 67 to 74 Isotopic Composition by Mass Spectrom...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Hydrogen Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on Hydrogen Analysis to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

330

Resource Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Resource Analysis determines the quantity and location of resources needed to produce hydrogen. Additionally, resource analysis quantifies the cost of the resources, as a function of the amount...

331

Compression and acceleration of electron bunches to high energies in the interference field of intense laser pulses with tilted amplitude fronts: concept and modelling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new concept of accelerating electrons by laser radiation is proposed, namely, direct acceleration by a laser field under the conditions of interference of several relativistic-intensity laser pulses with amplitude fronts tilted by the angle 45 Degree-Sign with respect to the phase fronts. Due to such interference the traps moving with the speed of light arise that capture the electrons, produced in the process of ionisation of low-density gas by the same laser radiation. The modelling on the basis of solving the relativistic Newton equation with the appropriate Lorenz force shows that these traps, moving in space, successively collect electrons from the target, compress the resulting electron ensemble in all directions up to the dimensions smaller than the wavelength of the laser radiation and accelerate it up to the energies of the order of a few GeV per electron. (extreme light fields and their applications)

Korobkin, V V; Romanovsky, Mikhail Yu; Trofimov, V A; Shiryaev, O B [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

332

THE SCATTERING POLARIZATION OF THE Ly{alpha} LINES OF H I AND He II TAKING INTO ACCOUNT PARTIAL FREQUENCY REDISTRIBUTION AND J-STATE INTERFERENCE EFFECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent theoretical investigations have pointed out that the cores of the Ly{alpha} lines of H I and He II should show measurable scattering polarization signals when observing the solar disk, and that the magnetic sensitivity, through the Hanle effect, of such linear polarization signals is suitable for exploring the magnetism of the solar transition region. Such investigations were carried out in the limit of complete frequency redistribution (CRD) and neglecting quantum interference between the two upper J-levels of each line. Here we relax both approximations and show that the joint action of partial frequency redistribution and J-state interference produces much more complex fractional linear polarization (Q/I) profiles, with large amplitudes in their wings. Such wing polarization signals turn out to be very sensitive to the temperature structure of the atmospheric model, so that they can be exploited for constraining the thermal properties of the solar chromosphere. Finally, we show that the approximation of CRD without J-state interference is however suitable for estimating the amplitude of the linear polarization signals in the core of the lines, where the Hanle effect operates.

Belluzzi, Luca; Trujillo Bueno, Javier [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Stepan, Jiri [Astronomical Institute ASCR, Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

333

NREL: Energy Analysis - Sustainability Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sustainability Analysis Sustainability Analysis The laboratory's Sustainability Analysis looks at the environmental, life-cycle, climate, and other impacts of renewable energy technologies. Our energy choices have global implications that affect greenhouse gas emissions, water resource distribution, mineral consumption, and equipment manufacturing and transportation. The school of thought is that renewable energy technologies are more sustainable than many current sources of energy. However, we need to verify that this is true before we miss some important opportunities. NREL's capabilities in this analysis area include: resource-use optimization techno-economic feasibility and cost analysis life cycle assessment environmental externalities analysis cobenefits analysis manufacturing cost analysis

334

NREL: Energy Analysis - Market Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Market Analysis The laboratory's market analysis helps increase the use of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) technologies in the marketplace by providing strategic...

335

Operational modal identification of offshore wind turbine structure based on modified stochastic subspace identification method considering harmonic interference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The structural modal parameter information can be generally obtained from different vibration responses triggered by unknown excitations using the classic modal identification methods which are based on the assumption that the input to the structure is exactly the same or close to the stationary random white noise. For the actual projects such as the offshore wind turbine structure however the imposed loads cannot be considered as the pure white noise excitation because the harmonic components emerge obviously in vibration responses due to periodic rotation excitations of the rotor. When the created harmonic components have greater energy and their frequencies are close to any natural modal frequency of the structure the classic methods can no longer separate harmonic modes from actual structural operational modes under this strong harmonic disturbance thus false modes may be generated and the identification accuracy may be badly affected. To identify the actual structural operational modes accurately under strong harmonic excitation a modified stochastic subspace identification (SSI) method considering harmonic interference called the harmonic modification SSI (HM-SSI) method was proposed in this paper assuming the input harmonic frequencies are known and time-invariant. Then the effectiveness and accuracy of the HM-SSI method were verified through a simple numerical model of cantilever beam excited by various harmonic inputs superimposed on random loads. Besides the superior robustness and better accuracy of identification results affected by the level of noise and the proportion of harmonic energy were reflected. Finally the modal parameter information under different operational conditions was obtained and the safety assessment of an operational wind turbine was made based on the measured data from one offshore wind turbine test prototype at high running speed.

Jijian Lian

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

The computerized identification of reactor-produced isotopes in an activation analysis environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- ability of a complete, positive identification appears small. How- ever, with the addition of a least squares method of resolving interferences and the application of a figure indicating the value (figure-of-merit) placed on each elimination test...THE COMPUTERIZED IDENTIFICATION OF REACTOR-PRODUCED ISOTOP ' S IN AN ACTIVATION ANALYSIS ENVIRON&vIENT A Thesi. s by DANIEI. aOIIN SCHLUETER Submitted to the Grec'u&ate College of Texas ARM University in pa. tial fulfillment o...

Schlueter, Daniel John

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF RADIOXENON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monitoring changes in atmospheric radioxenon concentrations is a major tool in the detection of an underground nuclear explosion. Ground based systems like the Automated Radioxenon Sampler /Analyzer (ARSA), the Swedish Unattended Noble gas Analyzer (SAUNA) and the Automatic portable radiometer of isotopes Xe (ARIX), can collect and detect several radioxenon isotopes by processing and transferring samples into a high efficiency beta-gamma coincidence detector. The high efficiency beta-gamma coincidence detector makes these systems highly sensitive to the radioxenon isotopes 133Xe, 131mXe, 133mXe and 135Xe. The standard analysis uses regions of interest (ROI) to determine the amount of a particular radioxenon isotope present. The ROI method relies on the peaks of interest falling within energy limits of the ROI. Some potential problems inherent in this method are the reliance on stable detector gains and a fixed resolution for each energy peak. In addition, when a high activity sample is measured there will be more interference among the ROI, in particular within the 133Xe, 133mXe, and 131mXe regions. A solution to some of these problems can be obtained through spectral fitting of the data. Spectral fitting is simply the fitting of the peaks using known functions to determine the number and relative peak positions and widths. By knowing this information it is possible to determine which isotopes are present. Area under each peak can then be used to determine an overall concentration for each isotope. Using the areas of the peaks several key detector characteristics can be determined: efficiency, energy calibration, energy resolution and ratios between interfering isotopes (Radon daughters).

Cooper, Matthew W.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hayes, James C.; Heimbigner, Tom R.; Hubbard, Charles W.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Schrom, Brian T.

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

338

Application of neutron activation analysis and high resolution x-ray spectrometry for the determination of trace quantities of elements with short-lived activation products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conversion Interferences and Errors 3, PROCEDURES AND EXPERIMENTAL SETUP Sample Preparation Pneumatic Sample Transfer System Sample Irradiation X-ray Spectrometry Data Reduction 4. DISCUSSION AND RESULTS System Analysis Analysis Problems.... C. Roentgen made the classic observation that a highly penatrative radiation, unknown at that time, was produced when fast electrons impinged on matter. This radiation, which h called x-rays, was being studied in all parts of the world less than...

Marshall, John Richard

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Hydrogen Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A A H2A: Hydrogen Analysis Margaret K. Mann DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program Systems Analysis Workshop July 28-29, 2004 Washington, D.C. H2A Charter * H2A mission: Improve the transparency and consistency of approach to analysis, improve the understanding of the differences among analyses, and seek better validation from industry. * H2A was supported by the HFCIT Program H2A History * First H2A meeting February 2003 * Primary goal: bring consistency & transparency to hydrogen analysis * Current effort is not designed to pick winners - R&D portfolio analysis - Tool for providing R&D direction * Current stage: production & delivery analysis - consistent cost methodology & critical cost analyses * Possible subsequent stages: transition analysis, end-point

340

Rotational spectrum of HD perturbed by He or Ar gases: The effects of rotationally inelastic collisions on the interference between allowed and collisionally induced components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectral line shapes for the HD rotational spectra perturbed by He and Ar gases, which show interference between allowed and collisionally induced dipole transitions, are calculated including the effects of inelastic rotational collisions. The general parametrization of the line shape, including inelastic collisions, requires six independent real parameters as opposed to four in the theory of Herman, Tipping, and Poll [Phys. Rev. A 20, 2006 (1979)]. Semiclassical calculations based on classical trajectories indicate the importance of the inelastic effects and show qualitative agreement with the experimental parameters. However, it is clear that a full explanation of experimental data will eventually require a full quantum treatment.

Bo Gao; J. Cooper; G. C. Tabisz

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Reply to ‘‘Comment on ‘Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen state for space-time variables in a two-photon interference experiment’ ’’  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The assertion of Kwait, Steinberg, and Chiao [preceding Comment, Phys. Rev. A 48, 3999 (1993)] that alignment problems and the size of the beam-defining irises explain the decrease in the visibility in two-photon interference experiments is examined. We argue that these effects can explain the reason that the visibility does not attain its maximum theoretical value, but that it fails to explain the decrease in the visibility with the path differences in the interferometers. We conclude that one explanation of this effect is the breakdown of perfect frequency phase matching in parametric down-conversion.

Y. H. Shih; A. V. Sergeinko; Morton H. Rubin

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Analysis of 129I in Groundwater Samples: Direct and Quantitative Results below the Drinking Water Standard  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to its long half-life (15.7 million years) and relatively unencumbered migration in subsurface environments, 129I has been recognized as a contaminant of concern at numerous federal, private, and international facilities. In order to understand the long-term risk associated with 129I at these locations, quantitative analysis of groundwater samples must be performed. However, the ability to quantitatively assess the 129I content in groundwater samples requires specialized extraction and sophisticated analytical techniques, which are complicated and not always available to the general scientific community. This paper highlights an analytical method capable of directly quantifying 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the MCL without the need for sample pre-concentration. Samples were analyzed on a Perkin Elmer ELAN DRC II ICP-MS after minimal dilution using O2 as the reaction gas. Analysis of continuing calibration verification standards indicated that the DRC mode could be used for quantitative analysis of 129I in samples below the drinking water standard (0.0057 ng/ml or 1 pCi/L). The low analytical detection limit of 129I analysis in the DRC mode coupled with minimal sample dilution (1.02x) resulted in a final sample limit of quantification of 0.0051 ng/ml. Subsequent analysis of three groundwater samples containing 129I resulted in fully quantitative results in the DRC mode, and spike recovery analyses performed on all three samples confirmed that the groundwater matrix did not adversely impact the analysis of 129I in the DRC mode. This analytical approach has been proven to be a cost-effective, high-throughput technique for the direct, quantitative analysis of 129I in groundwater samples at concentrations below the current MCL.

Brown, Christopher F.; Geiszler, Keith N.; Lindberg, Michael J.

2007-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

343

Environmental Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Environmental Analysis is used by the Program to quantify the environmental impacts of hydrogen technologies. Specifically, life cycle assessment is used to identify and evaluate the emissions,...

344

Chemical analysis of thin films at Sandia National Laboratories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characterization of thin films produced by chemical and physical vapor deposition requires special analytical techniques. When the average compositions of the films are required, dissolution of the thin films and measurement of the concentrations of the solubilized species is the appropriate analytical approach. In this report techniques for the wet chemical analysis of thin films of Si:Al, P/sub 2/O/sub 5/:SiO/sub 2/, B/sub 2/O/sub 3/:SiO/sub 2/, TiB/sub x/ and TaB/sub x/ are described. The analyses are complicated by the small total quantities of these analytes present in the films, the refractory characters of these analytes, and the possibility of interferences from the substrates on which the films are deposited. Etching conditions are described which dissolve the thin films without introducing interferences from the substrates. A chemical amplification technique and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry are shown to provide the sensitivity required to measure the small total quantities (micrograms to milligrams) of analytes present. Also the chemical analysis data has been used to calibrate normal infrared absorption spectroscopy to give fast estimates of the phosphorus and/or boron dopant levels in thin SiO/sub 2/ films.

Tallant, D.R.; Taylor, E.L.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Quantitative analysis of phosphosilicate glass films: Sandia segment of round robin study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Following our previous work on the analysis of phosphosilicate glass films and preparation of calibration standards, we were asked by Division 2141 to participate in an interlaboratory study to develop thin film calibration standards for use by the microcircuits industry. Sandia, Rockwell, Signetics, Balazs Laboratories and Kevex are the initial participants in this study; Bell Labs, Western Electric, NBS, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Intel have also expressed interest in joining the study. We analyzed two sets of 4-inch silicon wafers, which were coated with phosphosilicate glass film using an atmospheric chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process. These samples were analyzed by chemically dissolving the film and determining the P and Si content of the resultant solution using inductively coupled plasma (ICP) atomic emission spectroscopy. As part of the experimental work, we conducted a complete analysis of all errors in the measurement process. The average weight percent phosphorus (+- 1 standard deviation) was 3.78 +- 0.15 for set 1 and 10.3 +- 0.73 for set 2. The average relative error was 6.32% and 5.54% for sets 1 and 2, respectively.

Weissman, S.H.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

NREL: Energy Analysis: Geospatial Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Enlarge image Highlights of Recent Studies U.S. Renewable Energy Technical Potentials: A GIS-Based Analysis This study summarizes the achievable energy generation, or technical...

347

Microsoft Word - ICP-12-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2-004 2-004 SECTION A. Project Title: INTEC - Suspect RH-TRU (AMWTP) SECTION B. Project Description The proposed action involves transferring suspect remote-handled transuranic (RH-TRU) waste containers from the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) to the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC). The suspect containers will be opened and inspected for RH-TRU. All non-RH-TRU (i.e. low level waste, Contact Handled (CH)-TRU, secondary waste, etc.) materials will be returned to AMWTP. The identified RH-TRU waste will be repackaged as necessary and made ready for characterization and shipment to Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The specific steps are: ï‚· Transfer suspect RH-TRU waste containers from Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC) to INTEC for

348

Microsoft Word - ICP-11-007webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 SECTION A. Project Title: TRA-632 Hot Cell Drain Piping Clean Closure SECTION B. Project Description The proposed action will perform clean-closure of TRA-632 Hot Cell Drain Piping, which has been determined to be contaminated with transuranic (TRU) isotopes and RCRA hazardous waste (Hazardous Waste Numbers D006, D007, D008, and D009). The HWMA/RCRA Closure Plan for the TRA-632 Hot Cell Drain Piping - Voluntary Consent Order Action Plan VCO-5.8.d (DOE/ID-11434) was approved by the State of Idaho Department of Environmental Quality and defines the clean-closure activities. The TRA-632 Hot Cell Drain Piping clean-closure involves stabilizing, cutting, and disposing of the piping and ancillary equipment; as well as removing contaminated soil and collecting soil samples for use in a risk assessment to ensure the closure performance standards have been

349

Microsoft Word - ICP-11-005webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 SECTION A. Project Title: INTEC - Tank Farm Closure Project SECTION B. Project Description The proposed action will continue to clean and close underground storage tanks located in the Tank Farm Facility (TFF) within the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC). The closure actions are part of approved Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (HWMA/RCRA) Closure Plans. The TFF has been closed in phases based on available funding. The final phase is addressed in this document and is scheduled to be completed in October of 2015. The remaining scope includes decontaminating and grouting tanks, vaults, and some piping including the remaining cooling coils. The remaining four 300,000-gallon tanks (VES-WM-187, -188, -189, and -190) will be decontaminated and grouted. The tanks will be

350

Microsoft Word - ICP-10-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

10 10 SECTION A. Project Title: INTEC - Light Water Breeder Reactor Fuel Rods Loading for Disposal SECTION B. Project Description The proposed action will transfer drums of low-level waste to a transportation cask in the Weather/Decon Enclosure at the Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility (ICDF). The U233 waste in this waste stream consists of 64 drums of unirradiated fabricated single rods consisting of U0 2 /ThO 2 fuel pellets in zirconium rods and one drum with two short rods and miscellaneous bagged pellets. The waste was generated during the development of the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) during the 1970's. The waste was received from the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory from late 1980 to early 1981. The drums will be loaded into the 10-160B Cask for disposal at the

351

Mass Spectrometer: Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP-MS), Multi...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

was completed in February 2011. Although no research has been performed beyond an initial exploration of the Neptune's capabilities, potential users have been contacted in both the...

352

Improving ICP with Easy Implementation for Free Form Surface Matching  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the information bridging points in different images. But these kinds of information cannot guarantee

Liu, Yonghuai

353

Operating Procedures for the SAMCO ICP RIE System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the following SOP. IMPORTANT: You should include an hour of time in your reservation to perform a pre-etch clean........................................................................................................ 10 4. Gas Delivery System........................................................................................................... 13 Pressure Conversion Chart

Reif, Rafael

354

Microsoft Word - icp11001CXPostForm.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

rules and regulations, carried out within a Waste Area Group (WAG), will support the remedial investigation feasibility studies (RIFS) under CERCLA and appropriate RCRA...

355

Microsoft Word - ICP-10-010webpost.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10 10 SECTION A. Project Title: INTEC - Light Water Breeder Reactor Fuel Rods Loading for Disposal SECTION B. Project Description The proposed action will transfer drums of low-level waste to a transportation cask in the Weather/Decon Enclosure at the Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility (ICDF). The U233 waste in this waste stream consists of 64 drums of unirradiated fabricated single rods consisting of U0 2 /ThO 2 fuel pellets in zirconium rods and one drum with two short rods and miscellaneous bagged pellets. The waste was generated during the development of the Light Water Breeder Reactor (LWBR) during the 1970's. The waste was received from the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory from late 1980 to early 1981. The drums will be loaded into the 10-160B Cask for disposal at the

356

SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

812 Supplement Analysis 1 October 2013 812 Supplement Analysis 1 October 2013 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS for the FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT for NECO (FORMERLY HAXTUN) WIND ENERGY PROJECT LOGAN AND PHILLIPS COUNTIES, COLORADO U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office and U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Customer Service Region OCTOBER 2013 DOE/EA-1812/SA-1 DOE/EA-1812 Supplement Analysis 2 October 2013 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS for the FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT for NECO (FORMERLY HAXTUN) WIND ENERGY PROJECT LOGAN AND PHILLIPS COUNTIES, COLORADO U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office and U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration

357

SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Supplement Analysis 1 October 2013 Supplement Analysis 1 October 2013 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS for the FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT for NECO (FORMERLY HAXTUN) WIND ENERGY PROJECT LOGAN AND PHILLIPS COUNTIES, COLORADO U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office and U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration Rocky Mountain Customer Service Region OCTOBER 2013 DOE/EA-1812/SA-1 DOE/EA-1812 Supplement Analysis 2 October 2013 SUPPLEMENT ANALYSIS for the FINAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT for NECO (FORMERLY HAXTUN) WIND ENERGY PROJECT LOGAN AND PHILLIPS COUNTIES, COLORADO U. S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office and U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration

358

OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS This test method is a good routine test for the overall condition of the oil, the cleanliness, and can indicate the presence of wear metals that could be coming of magnetic metal particles within the oil. This may represent metals being worn from components (i

359

Petroleum Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive review of fluorescence techniques used for the analysis of crude petroleum oils encompasses both industrial and research applications of optical techniques routinely applied to oil applications. ... fractions of heavy petroleums were examd. ...

Ryan P. Rodgers; Amy M. McKenna

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

360

Isotope Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Naturally occurring oxygen includes three stable isotopes,16O,17O, and18O, with the relative abundances of 99.763%, 0.0375%, and 0.1995%, respectively. Isotopic analysis does not consider the absolute abundances ...

Tandong Yao; Wusheng Yu; Huabiao Zhao…

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Financial Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The first step in financing a street lighting retrofit is a detailed financial analysis. Because street lighting systems are designed to last ten or twenty years, or even longer, all aspects of first costs, ongoing expenses, and long-term savings are important. While a preliminary or first-level analysis can be used to determine such things as simple payback, rate of return, and cost of light, the results may neglect a number of important economic considerations, such as the time value of money, additional savings and expenses and their relative timing, and future energy price escalations. Hence a first-level analysis does not typically provide the end user with sufficient details to make a fully informed decision. For this reason, the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) recommends a full life cycle cost/benefit analysis (LCCBA).

362

EIS-0285-SA-451: Supplement Analysis | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Supplement Analysis for the Transmission System Vegetation Management Program FEIS (DOE/EIS-0285/SA-451 Carlton-Tillamook Transmission Line Corridor, PP&A-2068) BPA proposes to remove tall growing and noxious vegetation from the ROW, structure sites and access roads that can potentially interfere with the operation, maintenance, and reliability of the transmission line. All vegetation management activities will be performed in accordance with the BPA Master Agreement Statement of Work for Vegetation Control on Bonneville Power Administration Transmission Line Rights-of-Way and in accordance with the specific details identified in the vegetation management checklist and detail/prescription sheet. EIS-0285-SA-451-2011.pdf More Documents & Publications

363

Topography, complex refractive index, and conductivity of graphene layers measured by correlation of optical interference contrast, atomic force, and back scattered electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical phase shift by reflection on graphene is measured by interference contrast microscopy. The height profile across graphene layers on 300?nm thick SiO{sub 2} on silicon is derived from the phase profile. The complex refractive index and conductivity of graphene layers on silicon with 2?nm thin SiO{sub 2} are evaluated from a phase profile, while the height profile of the layers is measured by atomic force microscopy. It is observed that the conductivity measured on thin SiO{sub 2} is significantly greater than on thick SiO{sub 2}. Back scattered electron contrast of graphene layers is correlated to the height of graphene layers.

Vaupel, Matthias, E-mail: Matthias.vaupel@zeiss.com; Dutschke, Anke [Training Application Support Center, Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH, Königsallee 9-21, 37081 Göttingen (Germany); Wurstbauer, Ulrich; Pasupathy, Abhay [Department of Physics, Columbia University New York, 538 West 120th Street, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Hitzel, Frank [DME Nanotechnologie GmbH, Geysostr. 13, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

364

NREL: Innovation Impact - Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Menu Home Home Solar Solar Wind Wind Analysis Analysis Bioenergy Bioenergy Buildings Buildings Transportation Transportation Manufacturing Manufacturing Energy Systems...

365

Technology Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

* Heavy Vehicle Technologies * Heavy Vehicle Technologies * Multi-Path Transportation Futures * Idling Studies * EDrive Vehicle Monthly Sales Transportation Research and Analysis Computing Center Working With Argonne Contact TTRDC Technology Analysis truck Heavy vehicle techologies are one subject of study. Research Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Transportation Heavy Vehicle Technologies Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study Idling Studies Light Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Updates Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling and Life Cycle Analysis Reports Propane Vehicles: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities (pdf; 525 kB) Natural Gas Vehicles: Status, Barriers, and Opportunities (pdf; 696 kB) Regulatory Influences That Will Likely Affect Success of Plug-in Hybrid and Battery Electric Vehicles (pdf; 1.02 MB)

366

Neutron activation analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron activation analysis ... Describes the science and techniques of neutron activation analysis. ...

H. R. Lukens

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Economic analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

None

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Performance Study of Hybrid DS/FFH Spread-Spectrum Systems in the Presence of Frequency-Selective Fading and Multiple-Access Interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hybrid spread-spectrum (HSS) systems have recently received considerable interest in commercial, Smart Grid, and military communication systems because they accommodate high data rates with high link integrity, even in the presence of significant multipath effects and interfering signals. A highly useful form of this modulation scheme is the specific code-related combination of standard direct-sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) with fast frequency-hopping (FFH) spread spectrum, denoted hybrid DS/FFH, wherein multiple frequency hops occur within a single data-bit time. In this paper we perform a simulation-based study of the DS/FFH performance as compared to the existing standard DSSS and FHSS wireless networks. The performance metrics are bit-error probability and multiple-access capability. The parameter space of DS/FFH, including the DS spreading rate, frequency hopping rate, carrier frequencies, and numbers of users, is explored to show its performance under frequency-selective Rayleigh fading environments and multiuser interference. Direct digital synthesizers to achieve fast hopping speeds are also considered in our study.

Olama, Mohammed M [ORNL; Smith, Stephen Fulton [ORNL; Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL; Ma, Xiao [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Intrinsic Chirality and Prochirality at Air/R-(+)- and S-(-)-Limonene Interfaces: Spectral Signatures with Interference Chiral Sum-Frequency Generation Vibrational Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report in this work detailed measurements on the chiral and achiral sum-frequency vibrational spectra in the C-H stretching vibration region (2800-3050cm-1) of the air/liquid interfaces of R-limonene and S-limonene, using the recently developed high-resolution broadband sum-frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (HR-BB-SFG-VS). The achiral SFG spectra of R-limonene and S-limonene, as well as the equal amount (50/50) racemic mixture show that the enantiomers are with the same interfacial orientations. The interference chiral SFG spectra of the limonene enantiomers exhibit spectral signature from chiral response of the C?-H stretching mode, and spectral signature from prochiral response of the CH2 asymmetric stretching mode, respectively. The chiral spectral feature of the C?-H stretching mode changes sign from R-limonene to S-limonene, and disappears for the 50/50 racemic mixture. While the prochiral spectral feature of the CH2 asymmetric stretching mode is the same for R-limonene and S-limonene, and also surprisingly remains the same for the 50/50 racemic mixture. These results provided detail information in understanding the structure and chirality of molecular interfaces, and demonstrated the sensitivity and potential of SFG-VS as unique spectroscopic tool for chirality characterization and chiral recognition at the molecular interface.

Fu, Li; Zhang, Yun; Wei, Zhehao; Wang, Hongfei

2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

370

Performance and Stability Analysis of a Shrouded-Fan UAV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper deals with the estimation of the performance and stability for a shrouded-fan unmanned rotorcraft whose mission profile also prescribes the flight in ground effect. The not so simple estimation of the aerodynamic coefficients and of the thrust in the various situations makes the performance calculation and the stability analysis difficult tasks. This is due to the strong interaction between the fan flow and shroud that causes quite different flow structures about the airframe depending on flight conditions. A further difficulty is related to the ground effect which produces substantial modifications in the rotor thrust and aerodynamic coefficients. To evaluate performance and stability, two models have been developed. One determines the aerodynamic coefficients of the shroud, whereas the other one calculates thrust and moment of the rotors system. Both models take into account the mutual interference between fan flow and fuselage and ground effect. Performance and stability are then discussed with ...

de Divitiis, Nicola

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysis of the material protection, control, and accountability (MPC&A) system is necessary to understand the limits and vulnerabilities of the system to internal threats. A self-appraisal helps the facility be prepared to respond to internal threats and reduce the risk of theft or diversion of nuclear material. The material control and accountability (MC&A) system effectiveness tool (MSET) fault tree was developed to depict the failure of the MPC&A system as a result of poor practices and random failures in the MC&A system. It can also be employed as a basis for assessing deliberate threats against a facility. MSET uses fault tree analysis, which is a top-down approach to examining system failure. The analysis starts with identifying a potential undesirable event called a 'top event' and then determining the ways it can occur (e.g., 'Fail To Maintain Nuclear Materials Under The Purview Of The MC&A System'). The analysis proceeds by determining how the top event can be caused by individual or combined lower level faults or failures. These faults, which are the causes of the top event, are 'connected' through logic gates. The MSET model uses AND-gates and OR-gates and propagates the effect of event failure using Boolean algebra. To enable the fault tree analysis calculations, the basic events in the fault tree are populated with probability risk values derived by conversion of questionnaire data to numeric values. The basic events are treated as independent variables. This assumption affects the Boolean algebraic calculations used to calculate results. All the necessary calculations are built into the fault tree codes, but it is often useful to estimate the probabilities manually as a check on code functioning. The probability of failure of a given basic event is the probability that the basic event primary question fails to meet the performance metric for that question. The failure probability is related to how well the facility performs the task identified in that basic event over time (not just one performance or exercise). Fault tree calculations provide a failure probability for the top event in the fault tree. The basic fault tree calculations establish a baseline relative risk value for the system. This probability depicts relative risk, not absolute risk. Subsequent calculations are made to evaluate the change in relative risk that would occur if system performance is improved or degraded. During the development effort of MSET, the fault tree analysis program used was SAPHIRE. SAPHIRE is an acronym for 'Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations.' Version 1 of the SAPHIRE code was sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1987 as an innovative way to draw, edit, and analyze graphical fault trees primarily for safe operation of nuclear power reactors. When the fault tree calculations are performed, the fault tree analysis program will produce several reports that can be used to analyze the MPC&A system. SAPHIRE produces reports showing risk importance factors for all basic events in the operational MC&A system. The risk importance information is used to examine the potential impacts when performance of certain basic events increases or decreases. The initial results produced by the SAPHIRE program are considered relative risk values. None of the results can be interpreted as absolute risk values since the basic event probability values represent estimates of risk associated with the performance of MPC&A tasks throughout the material balance area (MBA). The RRR for a basic event represents the decrease in total system risk that would result from improvement of that one event to a perfect performance level. Improvement of the basic event with the greatest RRR value produces a greater decrease in total system risk than improvement of any other basic event. Basic events with the greatest potential for system risk reduction are assigned performance improvement values, and new fault tree calculations show the improvement in total system risk. The ope

Powell, Danny H [ORNL] [ORNL; Elwood Jr, Robert H [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Collection and Analysis of Reservoir Data from Testing and Operation of the  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Collection and Analysis of Reservoir Data from Testing and Operation of the Collection and Analysis of Reservoir Data from Testing and Operation of the Raft River 5 MW Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Collection and Analysis of Reservoir Data from Testing and Operation of the Raft River 5 MW Power Plant Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Raft River 5 MW power plant will be on-line some time this spring. During testing of the supply and injection system prior to plant start-up and during testing of the plant itself, data can be collected and used to calibrate computer models, refine predicted drawdowns and interference effects, monitor changing temperatures, and recalculate reservoir parameters. Analytic methods have been used during reservoir testing at Raft River to calculate reservoir coefficients. However,

373

Supplement Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis Decommissioning of Eight Surplus Production Reactors at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington U. S. Department of Energy Richland Operations Office Richland, Washington 99352 July 20 10 This page intentionally left blank. SUMMARY In December 1992, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) issued the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) on Decommissioning of Eight Surplus Production Reactors at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington (DOEIEIS-O119F). The Final EIS analyzed alternatives for decommissioning eight water-cooled, graphite-moderated plutonium-production reactors, located along the Columbia River in Washington State. The eight reactors (B, C, D, DR, F, H, KE and KW), operated between the years 1944 and 197 1, and have been retired from service. The alternatives analyzed in the EIS included the no-

374

Hazard Analysis Database report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes and defines the Hazard Analysis Database for the Tank Waste Remediation System Final Safety Analysis Report.

Niemi, B.J.

1997-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

375

E-Print Network 3.0 - actively forming gypsum Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for formation of gypsum) for the reference solution... by ICP-mass spectroscopy analysis for calcium. 4. Results and discussion Gypsum scale can form due... of...

376

Advanced numerical methods for analysis and design in aircraft aerodynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review is presented of developments in recent years in computational methods for aerodynamic design and analysis. The discussion is mainly influenced by the industrial requirements and developments at Dornier. The need and use of computational aerodynamics in the design of aircraft and missile configurations is explored through several examples. These include synthesis-programs and predesign and evaluation work of aircraft and missile weapon systems, airfoil and high lift analysis and deign methodologies, three-dimensional transport- and fighter aircraft wing-body analysis methods for the complete speed range from subsonic to supersonic speed even including leading edge vortex flows, engine-inlet flows and interference problems. Besides the importance of advanced numerical schemes and fast large computers the cost-limiting factor of complex geometry handling and data pre- and post-processing is discussed. The use of these numerical methods has proved to substantially increase aircraft performance capabilities while reducing risk, flow time, and testing requirements and thus total costs. At the same time such methods are in use to analyse and improve current and future wind tunnel limitations like wall effects, flow angularity, and Reynolds number.

W. Schmidt

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Technical Analysis: Alternatives to Chart Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical analysis uses past price information to project future trends. This publication can help crop and livestock marketers learn how to use technical analysis in their risk management programs....

Purcell, Wayne D.

1999-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

378

Design and analysis of FIR filters based on Matlab.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In digital control system, interference, which is mixed in the input signal, has a great influence on the performance of the system. Therefore, processing… (more)

Peng, Su

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Analysis Of Factors Affecting Natural Source Slf Electromagnetic...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

relationship between the sensor orientation and the received artificial electromagnetic interference, influence of weather conditions on the data quality and so on. The results...

380

Fish scale deformation analysis using scanning electron microscope: New potential biomarker in aquatic environmental monitoring of aluminum and iron contamination  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fish scale has the potential to be a rapid biomarker due to its structure and high possibility to come into contact with any pollutant in the aquatic environment. The scale structure consists of osteoblastic cells and other bone materials such as collagen where it is possible to form a molecular complex with heavy metals such as aluminum and iron. Hence, aluminum and iron in water could possibly destroy the scale material and marked as a scale deformation that quantitatively could be analyzed by comparing it to the normal scale structure. Water sampling and fish cage experiment were performed between June and July 2011 in Porong river which represented the water body that has high aluminum and iron contamination. The filtered water samples were preserved and extracted using the acid-mixture procedure prior to measurement of the aluminum and iron concentrations using Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES), while samples for total suspended solid (TSS) analysis were kept at 4 °C in cool-boxes. The scales were cleaned with sterile water, then dehydrated in 30, 50, 70, and 90% ethanol and dried on filter papers. They were then mounted on an aluminum stub and coated with gold in a sputter coater prior to Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) observation. According to the SEM analysis, it was found that there were several deformations on the scale samples taken from sites that have high concentrations of aluminum and iron i.e. the increasing number of pits, deformation and decreasing number of spherules and ridges while the control scale exhibited the normal features. However, the site with higher TSS and pH indicated lower aluminum effect. A moderate correlation was found between the number of pits with aluminum (r=0.43) and iron (r=0.41) concentrations. Fish scale deformation using SEM analysis can potentially be a rapid biomarker in aquatic monitoring of aluminum and iron contamination. However, the measurement must be accompanied by pH and TSS observations.

Hidayati, Dewi; Sulaiman, Norela; Othman, Shuhaimi; Ismail, B. S. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Utilization Analysis Page 1 UTILIZATION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Utilization Analysis Page 1 UTILIZATION ANALYSIS Section 46a-68-40 and HIRING/PROMOTION GOALS utilized in the Health Center's workforce, the numbers of protected classes in the workforce must conducted for each occupational category and position classification. The Utilization Analysis was performed

Oliver, Douglas L.

382

Cost Analysis Rate Settin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cost Analysis and Rate Settin for Animal Research Facilities #12;#12;Cost Analysis and Rate ... .. . ...................... . . . ................................. . .... 7 Chapter 2 Preparation for Cost Analysis ......................................................... 9 Chapter 3 Assignment of Costs to Animal Research Facility Cost Centers

Baker, Chris I.

383

Laser Desorption Analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser Desorption Analysis Laser Desorption Analysis EMSL offers a suite of instrumentation dedicated to understanding photoreactivity in the condensed phase, on surfaces, and at...

384

NETL: SOFC Systems Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

systems analysis: Assessment of the Distributed Generation Market Potential for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell PDF Analysis of Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell Plant Configurations...

385

chemical analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

chemical analysis chemical analysis Leads No leads are available at this time. Magnesium behavior and structural defects in Mg+ ion implanted silicon carbide. Abstract: As a...

386

Planning, Budget, and Analysis  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Analysis (Revised) Philip Patterson (Economist) and Jeff Dowd (Economist) DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program Systems Analysis Workshop July 28-29,...

387

Fundamentals of Failure Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Optical microscopes are fundamental to any failure analysis laboratory being easy ... to use and understand. However, most professional electronic component failure analysis laboratories employ more specialised ....

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Analysis Models and Tools: Systems Analysis of Hydrogen and Fuel Cells The Fuel Cell Technologies Office's...

389

Determination of heavy metal pollution in Zonguldak (Turkey) by moss analysis (hypnum cupressiforme)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper explores the first attempt at determining the levels of atmospheric heavy metal contamination in the Zonguldak province through the analysis of moss (Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw.). Sampling was performed at 24 sites after a wet period to avoid contamination from soil compounds in the province. Dried samples, which were unwashed but cleaned of soil particles and other extraneous material, were digested with HNO{sub 3}/HClO{sub 4}. Concentrations of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, Pb, Cr, Co, Ni, and As) were analyzed by ICP-OES to estimate the geographic distribution of the atmospheric heavy metal depositions. The general order of the concentrations of the heavy metal content in Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw. was observed to be Fe > Pb > Cu > Ni > Cr > As > Co. Mean levels of the measured elements were higher when compared to European levels. Arsenic, iron, and chromium were the most elevated elements when compared with European data. The mean concentrations of these elements in the studied area were 8.3 (Co), 6.7 (Fe), 5.2 (Cr), 4.6 (As), and 2.7 (Ni) times the background levels of the reference site (C3). Among the studied heavy metals, only lead showed little variation in measured values due to traffic in the area. Main sources of increased heavy metal content of the moss samples were found to be: I) the Catalagzi Power Plant (CATES); ii) the Eregli Iron-Steel Plant (ERDEMIR); iii) space heating; and iv) traffic-related emissions. Results are presented in the form of color-scaled contour maps using a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based mapping technique.

Uyar, G.; Avcil, E.; Oren, M.; Karaca, F.; Oncel, M.S. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Science & Arts

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Decision Analysis for EGS  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Decision Analysis for EGS presentation at the April 2013 peer review meeting held in Denver, Colorado.

391

NREL: Energy Analysis - Wind Technology Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wind and Hydropower Technology Analysis Wind and Hydropower Technology Analysis Wind and hydropower analysis supports advanced technologies that convert more of the nation's wind into electricity. Grid Operational Impact Analysis The wind program will address the variable, normally uncontrollable nature of wind power plant output, and the additional needs that its operation imposes on the overall grid. At present, the generation and transmission operational impacts that occur due to wind variability are not well quantified. This research will include efforts to quantify and fairly allocate impacts in both an engineering and cost sense. Methods of analysis are at an early stage of development. Without realistic analysis and cost allocation, utilities tend to overestimate imposed operational costs,

392

Standard test method for analysis of isotopic composition of uranium in nuclear-grade fuel material by quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 This test method is applicable to the determination of the isotopic composition of uranium (U) in nuclear-grade fuel material. The following isotopic weight percentages are determined using a quadrupole inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer (Q-ICP-MS): 233U, 234U, 235U, 236U, and 238U. The analysis can be performed on various material matrices after acid dissolution and sample dilution into water or dilute nitric (HNO3) acid. These materials include: fuel product, uranium oxide, uranium oxide alloys, uranyl nitrate (UNH) crystals, and solutions. The sample preparation discussed in this test method focuses on fuel product material but may be used for uranium oxide or a uranium oxide alloy. Other preparation techniques may be used and some references are given. Purification of the uranium by anion-exchange extraction is not required for this test method, as it is required by other test methods such as radiochemistry and thermal ionization mass spectroscopy (TIMS). This test method is also described i...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Enhanced reaction rates in NDP analysis with neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron depth profiling (NDP) makes accessible quantitative information on a few isotopic concentration profiles ranging from the surface into the sample a few micrometers. Because the candidate analytes for NDP are few, there is little interference encountered. Furthermore, neutrons have no charge so mixed chemical states in the sample are of no direct concern. There are a few nuclides that exhibit large probabilities for neutron scattering. The effect of neutron scattering on NDP measurements has not previously been evaluated as a basis for either enhancing the reaction rates or as a source of measurement error. Hydrogen is a common element exhibiting large neutron scattering probability found in or around sample volumes being analyzed by NDP. A systematic study was conducted to determine the degree of signal change when neutron scattering occurs during analysis. The relative signal perturbation was evaluated for materials of varied neutron scattering probability, concentration, total mass, and geometry. Signal enhancements up to 50% are observed when the hydrogen density is high and in close proximity to the region of analysis with neutron beams of sub thermal energies. Greater signal enhancements for the same neutron number density are reported for thermal neutron beams. Even adhesive tape used to position the sample produces a measureable signal enhancement. Because of the shallow volume, negligible distortion of the NDP measured profile shape is encountered from neutron scattering.

Downing, R. Gregory, E-mail: gregory.downing@nist.gov [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Chemical Sciences Division, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Elemental analysis by microwave-assisted laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: Evaluation on ceramics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,2 These sources are usually flames or plasmas: arcs, sparks, plasma jets, inductively coupled plasma (ICP), high demonstrated the signal enhancement ability of their LAMPS (Laser-Assisted Microwave Plasma Spectroscopy utilizing interaction between microwave radiation and laser-induced plasma has been evaluated. Experimental

Richardson, Martin C.

395

Quantitative analysis of phosphosilicate glass films on silicon wafers for calibration of x-ray fluorescence spectrometry standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phosphorus and silicon contents of phosphosilicate glass films deposited by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on silicon wafers were determined. These films were prepared for use as x-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry standards. The thin films were removed from the wafer by etching with dilute hydrofluoric acid, and the P and Si concentrations in solution were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP). The calculated phosphorus concentration ranged from 2.2 to 12 wt %, with an uncertainty of 2.73 to 10.1 relative percent. Variation between the calculated weight loss (summation of P/sub 2/O/sub 5/ and SiO/sub 2/ amounts as determined by ICP) and the measured weight loss (determined gravimetrically) averaged 4.9%. Results from the ICP method, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), dispersive infrared spectroscopy, electron microprobe, and x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy for the same samples are compared.

Weissman, S.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Role of Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Systems Analysis Workshop Systems Analysis Workshop Steve Chalk July 28, 2004 Systems Analysis * Why Systems Analysis is important to the DOE Hydrogen Program * Impact of the NRC Report * New positions and concepts - Technology Analyst - Systems Integration - Also, Chief Engineer) Analysis Roles & Responsibilities * Develop Analysis Agenda (including technical and time pathways) * Develop, maintain, resolve consistent data sets/info and standard analysis assumptions and guidelines * Provide independent analysis (policy-related issues, Go/No-Go recommendations, H2 in the context of larger energy markets, etc.) * Ensure tools/models are developed, maintained, available, validated * Provide independent review of analysis results * User and/or requestor of info generated by TA (especially from other parts of DOE)

397

NREL: Energy Analysis - Solar Technology Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Solar Technology Analysis Solar Technology Analysis NREL conducts analysis to support research and development done by the Solar Energy Technologies Program in three major technology areas: concentrating solar power; solar electricity, also known as photovoltaics or PV; and solar heating and lighting. For example, in the area of photovoltaics, EERE's systems modeling and analysis activity rigorously assesses the performance, reliability, installed costs, and levelized energy costs (LECs) of a wide variety of flat-plate PV system configurations and applications. R&D goals, which are supported by solar technology analysis, include: Investigating the steps needed to improve the impact of PV technologies in the marketplace through technical R&D, market analyses, and value and policy analyses

398

NREL: Energy Analysis: Analysis of Project Finance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis of Project Finance Analysis of Project Finance NREL analysis helps potential renewable energy developers and investors gain insights into the complex world of project finance. Renewable energy project finance is complex, requiring knowledge of federal tax credits, state-level incentives, renewable attribute markets, renewable technology installation and operation costs, and many other site-specific considerations. NREL conducts research, performs analysis, and produces reports and analysis tools on: Project-level finance (terms, structures, and innovations) Renewable energy financial policies such as feed-in tariffs, clean renewable energy bonds, and power purchase agreements State-of-the-market for renewable technologies High renewable penetration scenarios A map showing the dollar (millions) amount of Federal Section 1603 awards.

399

FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

H2A Analysis to someone by H2A Analysis to someone by E-mail Share FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis on Facebook Tweet about FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis on Twitter Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis on Google Bookmark FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis on Delicious Rank FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis on Digg Find More places to share FCT Systems Analysis: DOE H2A Analysis on AddThis.com... Home Analysis Methodologies DOE H2A Analysis Scenario Analysis Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing Codes & Standards Education Contacts DOE H2A Analysis Realistic assumptions, both market- and technology-based, are critical to an accurate analytical study. DOE's H2A Analysis Group develops the

400

Systems Analysis Workshop Purpose  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory DOE Hydrogen Program DOE Hydrogen Program Systems Analysis Workshop Systems Analysis Workshop Systems Integration Production Delivery Conversion Application Education Codes & Standards Safety Tech Validation Storage Systems Integration Production Delivery Conversion Application Education Codes & Standards Safety Tech Validation Storage Washington D.C. 28-29 Jul 04 Dale Gardner Systems Integration Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle 2 Systems Analysis Workshop Topics * Meeting Goals * Systems Integration * Roles/Responsibilities of Analysis Participants * Systems Analysis * From this Workshop * Capability Presentations 3 Systems Analysis Workshop Meeting Goals 1) Understand the roles and activities of the DOE Technology Analyst,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

TRIFID (TRansuranic Isotopic Fraction Interrogation Device): A second generation plutonium isotopic analysis system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The TRIFID (Transuranic Isotopic Fraction Interrogation Device) system is a second generation plutonium isotopic analysis system which incorporates many new and unique features in the area of isotopic data acquisition and isotopic analysis instrument consisting of a Canberra Series 95-MCA interfaced to a Compaq 386 computer. The entire TRIFID software package, including MCA communications and isotopic analysis routines, was developed using the C programming language. Extensive use has been made of user friendly screens and menus for ease of operation and training and to facilitate use by technical level operators. Automated TRIFID features provide for MCA/ADC setup and acquisition, spectral storage, isotopic analysis, and report generation. One unique feature of the TRIFID system design allows it to be pre-programed for an entire day's counting. The isotopic analysis module (EPICS) contains an expert system formalism which is used to detect and assay for spectral interferences, and to automatically adjust peak fitting constraints based on spectral intensity variations. A TRIFID system has been in operation in a production laboratory at the Rocky Flats Plant since September 1988. Marked decreases in training and hands-on operation time have been achieved in comparison to the older, preceding isotopic systems. 2 refs., 3 figs.

Fleissner, J G; Coressel, T W; Freier, D A; Macklin, L L

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Transition of Iodine Analysis to Accelerator Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This NA 22 funded research project investigated the transition of iodine isotopic analyses from thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) to an accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) system. Previous work (Fiscal Year 2010) had demonstrated comparable data from TIMS and AMS. With AMS providing comparable data with improved background levels and vastly superior sample throughput, improvement in the sample extraction from environmental sample matrices was needed to bring sample preparation throughput closer to the operation level of the instrument. Previous research used an extraction chemistry that was not optimized for yield or refined for reduced labor to prove the principle. This research was done to find an extraction with better yield using less labor per sample to produce a sample ready for the AMS instrument. An extraction method using tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide (TMAH) was developed for removal of iodine species from high volume air filters. The TMAH with gentle heating was superior to the following three extraction methods: ammonium hydroxide aided by sonication, acidic and basic extraction aided by microwave, and ethanol mixed with sodium hydroxide. Taking the iodine from the extraction solvent to being ready for AMS analysis was accomplished by a direct precipitation, as well as, using silver wool to harvest the iodine from the TMAH. Portions of the same filters processed in FY 2010 were processed again with the improved extraction scheme followed by successful analysis by AMS at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. The data favorably matched the data obtained in 2010. The time required for analysis has been reduced over the aqueous extraction/AMS approach developed in FY 2010. For a hypothetical batch of 30 samples, the AMS methodology is about 10 times faster than the traditional gas phase chemistry and TIMS analysis. As an additional benefit, background levels for the AMS method are about 1000 times lower than TIMS. This results from the fundamental mechanisms of ionization in the AMS system and which produces a beneficial cleanup of molecular interferences. Continued clean operation of the extraction process was demonstrated through blank analysis included with all sample sets analyzed. INL work showed improvement on the first year’s demonstration of AMS vs. TIMS. An improved extraction of high volume air filters followed by isotopic analysis by AMS, can be used successfully to make iodine measurements with results comparable to those obtained by filter combustion and TIMS analysis. More progress on the conversion from an extract solution to an AMS sample ready for analysis is still needed. Although the preparation scheme through AMS is already at a higher performing thoughput than TIMS, the chemical preparation cannot match the instrument capability for number of samples per day without further development.

M. L. Adamic; J. E. Olson; D. D. Jenson; J. G. Eisenmenger; M. G. Watrous

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

FY12 Final Report for PL10-Mod Separations-PD12: Electrochemically Modulated Separation of Plutonium from Dilute and Concentrated Dissolver Solutions for Analysis by Gamma Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate and timely analysis of plutonium in spent nuclear fuel is critical in nuclear safeguards for detection of both protracted and rapid plutonium diversions. Gamma spectroscopy is a viable method for accurate and timely measurements of plutonium provided that the plutonium is well separated from the interfering fission and activation products present in spent nuclear fuel. Electrochemically modulated separation (EMS) is a method that has been used successfully to isolate picogram amounts of Pu from nitric acid matrices. With EMS, Pu adsorption may be turned “on” and “off” depending on the applied voltage, allowing for collection and stripping of Pu without the addition of chemical reagents. In this work, we have scaled up the EMS process to isolate microgram quantities of Pu from matrices encountered in spent nuclear fuel during reprocessing. Several challenges have been addressed including surface area limitations, radiolysis effects, electrochemical cell performance stability, and chemical interferences. After these challenges were resolved, 6 µg Pu was deposited in the electrochemical cell with approximately an 800-fold reduction of fission and activation product levels from a spent nuclear fuel sample. Modeling showed that these levels of Pu collection and interference reduction may not be sufficient for Pu detection by gamma spectroscopy. The main remaining challenges are to achieve a more complete Pu isolation and to deposit larger quantities of Pu for successful gamma analysis of Pu. If gamma analyses of Pu are successful, EMS will allow for accurate and timely on-site analysis for enhanced Pu safeguards.

Pratt, Sandra H.; Arrigo, Leah M.; Duckworth, Douglas C.; Cloutier, Janet M.; Breshears, Andrew T.; Schwantes, Jon M.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Tree Fertilization Soil Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, increase root density, maintain tree health #12;#12;pH ­ effects nutrient availability · Symptoms of high pHTree Fertilization #12;Soil Analysis vs. Foliar Analysis #12;Macronutrients N P K Mg S Ca

405

Systems Analysis Workshop Agenda  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Agenda from DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

406

Geologic spatial analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the development of geologic spatial analysis research which focuses on conducting comprehensive three-dimensional analysis of regions using geologic data sets that can be referenced by latitude, longitude, and elevation/depth. (CBS)

Thiessen, R.L.; Eliason, J.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Hydrogen Analysis Group  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NREL factsheet that describes the general activites of the Hydrogen Analysis Group within NREL's Hydrogen Technologies and Systems Center.

Not Available

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Sandia National Laboratories: Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Standard On June 12, 2014, in Analysis, Distribution Grid Integration, Energy, Grid Integration, Infrastructure Security, News, News & Events, Partnership, Renewable...

409

RAPID FUSION METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES IN LARGE RICE SAMPLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new rapid fusion method for the determination of plutonium in large rice samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (Aiken, SC, USA) that can be used to determine very low levels of plutonium isotopes in rice. The recent accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March, 2011 reinforces the need to have rapid, reliable radiochemical analyses for radionuclides in environmental and food samples. Public concern regarding foods, particularly foods such as rice in Japan, highlights the need for analytical techniques that will allow very large sample aliquots of rice to be used for analysis so that very low levels of plutonium isotopes may be detected. The new method to determine plutonium isotopes in large rice samples utilizes a furnace ashing step, a rapid sodium hydroxide fusion method, a lanthanum fluoride matrix removal step, and a column separation process with TEVA Resin? cartridges. The method can be applied to rice sample aliquots as large as 5 kg. Plutonium isotopes can be determined using alpha spectrometry or inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The method showed high chemical recoveries and effective removal of interferences. The rapid fusion technique is a rugged sample digestion method that ensures that any refractory plutonium particles are effectively digested. The MDA for a 5 kg rice sample using alpha spectrometry is 7E-5 mBq g{sup -1}. The method can easily be adapted for use by ICP-MS to allow detection of plutonium isotopic ratios.

Maxwell, S.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

NREL: Energy Analysis - About the Strategic Energy Analysis Center  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy Analysis Printable Version About the Strategic Energy Analysis Center (SEAC) Examples of NREL Analysis Impacts Resource Assessment Electric Sector Integration Jobs and...

411

The Tariff Analysis Project: A Database and Analysis Platform...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tariff Analysis Project: A Database and Analysis Platform for Electricity Tariffs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: The Tariff Analysis Project: A Database...

412

NREL: Energy Analysis - Financial Policy Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Financial Policy Analysis Financial Policy Analysis NREL's financial policy analysis team examines the effects that policy has on renewable energy project financing and development. They look at how policies such as feed-in tariffs, clean renewable energy bonds, and power purchase agreements can shape the pace and structure of financing. For more on NREL's analysis of these policies, access the information below. Key Analyses for 2010 Cover of the A Policymaker's Guide to Feed-in Tariff Policy Design report. Feed-in Tariff Policy Design SEAC analysts Karlynn Cory and Claire Kreycik, along with Toby Couture of E3 Analytics and Emily Williams of the U.S. Department of State, recently published the report "A Policymaker's Guide to Feed-in Tariff Policy Design." Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most widely used renewable energy

413

Market Analysis - Center for Transportation Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Market Analysis Market Analysis Annual market reports; market data resource center; supply chain, financial, and life cycle analyses; pilot studies for renewables and efficiency at scale. Primary Contact: David Greene Previous and Ongoing Analyses : Market Analysis for Energy Technologies and Fuels Greene, D.L., Leiby, P.N., Bowman, D. (2007). "Integrated Analysis of Market Transformation Scenarios with HyTrans" ORNL/TM-2007/094, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, June. (David Greene, Paul Leiby) Impact of advanced vehicle technologies (e.g. PHEV, EV and FCV) on petroleum use and carbon emissions depends on many technological, behavior, market and policy factors. A consumer choice model with 1458 market segments for the period 2005-2050 has been developed to investigate the

414

Transportation Analysis | Clean Energy | ORNL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transportation Analysis SHARE Transportation Analysis Transportation Analysis efforts at Oak Ridge National Laboratory contribute to the efficient, safe, and free movement of...

415

Tools for Surface Analysis | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

surface analysis methods. Guides to surface analysis methods (see below) - (XPS, AES, SIMS, etc.) Data useful for surface analysis (see below) - (binding energies, sputter rates...

416

Coupled dynamic analysis of multiple wind turbines on a large single floater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present study has developed a numerical simulation tool for the coupled dynamic analysis of multiple turbines on a single floater (or Multiple Unit Floating Offshore Wind Turbine (MUFOWT)) in the time domain including multiple-turbine aero-blade-tower dynamics and control, mooring dynamics, and platform motions. The numerical tool developed in this study was designed based on and extended from the single-turbine analysis tool FAST to be suitable for multiple turbines. For hydrodynamic loadings of floating platform and mooring-line dynamics, the CHARM3D program developed by the authors was incorporated. Thus, the coupled dynamic behavior of a floating base with multiple turbines and mooring lines can be simulated in the time domain. The developed MUFOWT analysis tool can compute any type of floating platform with multiple horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT). To investigate the dynamic coupling effect between platform and each turbine, one turbine failure case with a fully broken blade was simulated and checked. The aerodynamic interference between adjacent turbines, including wake effect, was not considered in this study to more clearly demonstrate only the dynamic coupling. The analysis shows that some damage-induced excitations from one turbine in MUFOWT may induce appreciable changes in the performance of other turbines or the floating platform.

Y.H. Bae; M.H. Kim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

NREL: Energy Analysis - Biomass Technology Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biomass Technology Analysis Biomass Technology Analysis Conducting full life-cycle assessments for biomass products, including electricity, biodiesel, and ethanol, is important for determining environmental benefits. NREL analysts use a life-cycle inventory modeling package and supporting databases to conduct life-cycle assessments. These tools can be applied on a global, regional, local, or project basis. Integrated system analyses, technoeconomic analyses, life-cycle assessments (LCAs), and other analysis tools are essential to our research and development efforts. They provide an understanding of the economic, technical, and even global impacts of renewable technologies. These analyses also provide direction, focus, and support to the development and commercialization of various biomass conversion technologies. The economic

418

NREL: Energy Analysis - Philipp Beiter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Regulatory policy Data analysis and statistical modeling Primary research interests Electricity markets Utility business models for distributed generation Regulatory analysis...

419

Automation of organic elemental analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automation of organic elemental analysis ... Describes the development and design of an apparatus for automated organic elemental analysis. ...

Velmer B. Fish

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

LULU analysis program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our analysis program LULU has proven very useful in all stages of experiment analysis, from prerun detector debugging through final data reduction. It has solved our problem of having arbitrary word length events and is easy enough to use that many separate experimenters are now analyzing with LULU. The ability to use the same software for all stages of experiment analysis greatly eases the programming burden. We may even get around to making the graphics elegant someday.

Crawford, H.J.; Lindstrom, P.J.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

NREL: Energy Analysis - Staff  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Staff Staff National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) analysts have capabilities that span a wide range of renewable energy technologies. This site will help you learn more about the crosscutting analysis capabilities, energy-modeling background, and technology expertise of analysts in our Strategic Energy Analysis Center (SEAC). Strategic Planning and Direction Center Director (acting): Doug Arent Business Development: Dan Bilello Synthesis and Integration: Debra Sandor Lead Administrative Assistant: Melissa Hudman Project Management Support: Dani Salyer Data Analysis and Visualization The following staff are SEAC's experts in analysis relating to geospatial analytics and integrated resource assessment; our energy efficiency and renewable energy data warehouse; and advanced visualization.

422

Modeling and Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE modeling and analysis activities focus on reducing uncertainties and improving transparency in photovoltaics (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) performance modeling. The overall goal of...

423

Wind energy analysis system .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??One of the most important steps to be taken before a site is to be selected for the extraction of wind energy is the analysis… (more)

Koegelenberg, Johan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Scenario Analysis Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation by Sigmund Gronich at the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles and Infrastructure meeting on January 31, 2007.

425

Asset Protection Analysis Guide  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide provides examples of the application of as set protection analysis to several common problems. Canceled by DOE N 251.80.

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

426

EGR Cooler Deposit Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Analysis of fouling and performance of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) coolers as a function of EGR flow rate, inlet gas and coolant temperatures, soot level, and hydrocarbon concentration

427

Handbook of coal analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Handbook deals with the various aspects of coal analysis and provides a detailed explanation of the necessary standard tests and procedures that are applicable to coal in order to help define usage and behavior relative to environmental issues. It provides details of the meaning of various test results and how they might be applied to predict coal behavior during use. Emphasis is on ASTM standards and test methods but ISO and BSI standards methods are included. Chapter headings are: Coal analysis; Sampling and sample preparation; Proximate analysis; Ultimate analysis; Mineral matter; Physical and electrical properties; Thermal properties; Mechanical properties; Spectroscopic properties; Solvent properties; and Glossary.

James G. Speight

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Management's Discussion & Analysis Profile  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7-26-2013. Management's Discussion & Analysis Profile The Bonneville Power Administration is a federal agency under the Department of Energy. BPA markets wholesale electrical power...

429

Energy Market Analysis | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Market Analysis Energy Market Analysis Energy Market Analysis synthesizes all analysis efforts in the analysis spectrum. Scenario analyses, in the context of market...

430

Energy Analysis Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis > Product List Analysis > Product List HeaderLine Energy Analysis Publications Products BRIEFS: Showing Results 1 to 5 of 23 Role of Alternative Energy Sources: Nuclear Technology Assessment Brief (Aug 2012) Role of Alternative Energy Sources: Hydropower Technology Assessment Brief (Aug 2012) Role of Alternative Energy Sources: Geothermal Technology Assessment Brief (Aug 2012) Role of Alternative Energy Sources: Solar Thermal Technology Assessment Brief (Aug 2012) Role of Alternative Energy Sources: Wind Technology Assessment Brief (Aug 2012) View All MODELS/TOOLS: Showing Results 1 to 5 of 23 Power Plant Flexible Model (Nov 2013) NETL Upstream Dashboard Tool (Aug 2012) Power Systems Life Cycle Analysis Tool (Power LCAT) (Jun 2012) Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis of Advanced Jet Propulsion Fuels: Fischer-Tropsch Based SPK-1 Case Study - Model (Dec 2011)

431

Spectrum usage models for the analysis, design and simulation of cognitive radio networks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The owned spectrum allocation policy, in use since the early days of modern radio communications, has been proven to effectively control interference among radio communication… (more)

López Benítez, Miguel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Driving and analysis of micro-objects by digital holographic microscope in microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose an optical configuration in which floating particles in a microfluidic chamber can be characterized by an interference microscopy configuration to obtain quantitative...

Merola, F; Miccio, L; Paturzo, M; Finizio, A; Grilli, S; Ferraro, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Role of multilayer-like interference effects on the transient optical response of Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} films pumped with free-electron laser pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

X-ray/optical cross-correlation methods are attracting increasing interest for exploring transient states of matter using ultrashort free-electron laser (FEL) pulses. Our paper shows that in such studies the difference in the penetration depth of the FEL-pump and the infrared (IR) probe pulses become important, in particular, when exploring the changes in the optical properties of solid targets. We discuss the role of interference effects, using a phenomenological model with excited and unperturbed slabs. The reliability of this model was experimentally verified by measuring the transient optical response of free-standing and silicon (Si) supported silicon nitride (Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}) films, simultaneously in reflection and transmission, using s- and p-polarized IR light. The changes in the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} optical refractive index, induced by the FEL pulses, have fully been described in the frame of the proposed model. The experimental results confirm that the differences, observed in the FEL-induced transient reflectance and transmittance of the Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} targets with different thicknesses, arise from multilayer-like interferometric phenomena.

Casolari, F.; Giangrisostomi, E. [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 - km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Trieste, via A. Valerio 2, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); Bencivenga, F.; Capotondi, F.; Manfredda, M.; Pedersoli, E.; Principi, E.; Masciovecchio, C.; Kiskinova, M. [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 - km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Mincigrucci, R. [Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste, SS 14 - km 163.5, I-34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Perugia, via A. Pascoli, I-06123 Perugia (Italy)

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

434

Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 6 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process Document Number: P-006 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): P-008 Corrective-Preventive Action Process, P-004 Business System Management Review and REG-003 Records Register P-006 Measurement, Analysis, and Improvement Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0416 Changed verbiage in Step 6 to, "CAR/PAR/IO using P-008, Corrective-Preventive Action & Improvement Opportunity"

435

Cross Cutting Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cross Cutting Analysis Cross Cutting Analysis June 3, 2003 Hydrogen Coordination Meeting Ed Schmetz Portfolio Manager Office of Coal Fuels and Industrial Systems Natural Gas and Coal Derived Hydrogen FCV System Analysis * Two scenarios were developed to estimate the impact of natural gas and coal-derived hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) * Case 1 evaluated the impact of 50 million vehicles * Case 2 evaluated the impact of 100 million vehicles * Purpose was to evaluate the impact on: * Fossil fuel demand * CO 2 emissions * Criteria pollutants * Energy consumption/security * Number and cost of hydrogen plants needed Hydrogen FCV System Analysis Fleet Assumptions 27.5 12.5 10 55 25 20 0 25 50 75 100 Case 1- 50 MM LDVs Case 2- 100 MM LDVs Light Duty Vehicles, By Type in Millions LDT2 LDT1 PC * Case 1 -

436

Energy Analysis Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis Life Cycle Analysis Energy Analysis Publications NEW RELEASES Perspective on the U.S. Coal Industry Perspective on the U.S. Coal Industry [PPSX - 3.09MB] (Dec 2013) Novel CO2 Utilization Concepts: Working Paper Novel CO2 Utilization Concepts: Working Paper [ZIP - 4MB] (Nov 2013) Contact: Gavin Pickenpaugh Contact: Robert James This presentation provides an overview of the coal industry, focusing on the United States, but within a global context.... Read More Working Report on CO2 Utilization Concepts, detailing screening and detailed studies of concepts using CO2 for product g... Read More Power Plant Flexible Model Power Plant Flexible Model [2.04 - PDF] (Nov 2013) LCA XIII: The Carbon Footprint of Carbon Dioxide LCA XIII: The Carbon Footprint of Carbon Dioxide

437

DOE Retro Analysis Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Retro Analysis Plan Retro Analysis Plan August 2, 2011 Page 1 August 2, 2011 Daniel Cohen, Esq. Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Re: Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis Dear Mr. Cohen: These comments are submitted by the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) notice appearing in the July 11, 2011 Federal Register requesting comments on the Preliminary Plan for Retrospective Analysis of Existing Rules. We are encouraged by DOE's efforts to implement Executive Order 13563. We appreciate the actions already taken by DOE to address our concerns regarding the Final Rule on Certification, Compliance, and Enforcement Regulations for Consumer Products and Commercial and

438

Cost-Benefit Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A cost-benefit analysis is an analytical procedure for determining the economic efficiency of intervention, expressed as the relationship between costs and outcomes, usually measured in monetary terms. In othe...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Uncertainty Analysis Economic Evaluations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

uncertainties in typical oil and gas projects: 1. The oil price, 2. The investments (capex) and operating 4.1 Oil Prices...............................................................................................14 4.1.1 Analysis of historical oil prices........................................................15

Bhulai, Sandjai

440

Fluid Inclusion Gas Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluid inclusion gas analysis for wells in various geothermal areas. Analyses used in developing fluid inclusion stratigraphy for wells and defining fluids across the geothermal fields. Each sample has mass spectrum counts for 180 chemical species.

Dilley, Lorie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Neutron activation analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutron activation analysis (NAA) is an that relies on the measurement of ?-rays emitted from a sample that was irradiated by neutrons. The rate at which ?-rays are emitted from an element in a sample is dir...

James R. Budahn

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Energy Sector Market Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of energy market analysis sponsored by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Weatherization and International Program (WIP) within the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE). The analysis was conducted by a team of DOE laboratory experts from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with additional input from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The analysis was structured to identify those markets and niches where government can create the biggest impact by informing management decisions in the private and public sectors. The analysis identifies those markets and niches where opportunities exist for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

Arent, D.; Benioff, R.; Mosey, G.; Bird, L.; Brown, J.; Brown, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Aabakken, J.; Parks, K.; Lapsa, M.; Davis, S.; Olszewski, M.; Cox, D.; McElhaney, K.; Hadley, S.; Hostick, D.; Nicholls, A.; McDonald, S.; Holloman, B.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Independent Statistics & Analysis  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

& Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Quarterly Coal Distribution Report April - June 2014 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy...

444

Analysis of Insecticide Synergists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......10. Assoc. Offic. Agr. Chemistry, Official Methods of Analysis, 10th ed., 77 (1965). 11. Chazin, J. D., Tappi 52, 414 (1969). 12. Bevenue, A., Kawano, Y. and Delano, F., J. Chro- matog. 50, 49 (1970). 13. Barrett......

Lawrence Fishbein

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Claims Data Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One important methodological approach in health economics is the analysis of large routine datasets. Claims data are collected by sickness funds, public health ... United Kingdom, or private insurance compa...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Ultrasound Analysis of Slurries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ultrasound Analysis of Slurries Ultrasound Analysis of Slurries Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory is seeking licensing partners interested in implementing United States Patent Number 6,959,589 entitled "Ultrasound Analysis of Slurries." Disclosed in this patent is an apparatus that facilitates the ultrasonic analysis of materials in slurry form. The apparatus focuses on an autoclave arrange- ment to determine the concentration and/or particle size distribution of the slurry under elevated temperature and pressure conditions. During the process, the temperature- and pressure-sensitive ultrasonic transducers are maintained under ambient conditions. The transducers are positioned outside of the temperature-pressure environment of the material to be analyzed,

447

Standard practices for dissolving glass containing radioactive and mixed waste for chemical and radiochemical analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.1 These practices cover techniques suitable for dissolving glass samples that may contain nuclear wastes. These techniques used together or independently will produce solutions that can be analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES), inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), radiochemical methods and wet chemical techniques for major components, minor components and radionuclides. 1.2 One of the fusion practices and the microwave practice can be used in hot cells and shielded hoods after modification to meet local operational requirements. 1.3 The user of these practices must follow radiation protection guidelines in place for their specific laboratories. 1.4 Additional information relating to safety is included in the text. 1.5 The dissolution techniques described in these practices can be used for quality control of the feed materials and the product of plants vitrifying nuclear waste materials in glass. 1.6 These pr...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Chernobyl Deconstruction ALARA Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium has recently completed the conceptual design for the Chernobyl New Safe Confinement (NSC). Battelle has the scope of work related to environment and safety of the design. As part of the safety analysis, an ALARA analysis was performed for deconstruction of the major, unstable elements of the Shelter Object over the destroyed Unit 4 of the reactor complex. The major elements addressed in the analysis included the current roof sections and the major beams supporting the roof sections. The analysis was based on the existing configuration of the Shelter Object, the developing conceptual design of the NSC arch structure, the developing conceptual design of the facilities within and associated with the NSC (including handling and processing of deconstructed elements, and waste management), and existing Ukranian regulations and working processes and procedures. KSK (a Ukranian Consortium) is a subcontractor to the Bechtel/EDF/Battelle Consortium and performed much of the dose analysis. The analysis concluded that ALARA could be achieved with appropriate implementation of existing Ukrainian regulations and procedures, and developing conceptual design criteria and features.

Shipler, Dillard B.; Batiy, Valeriy; Povlovsky, Leonid; Schmidt, John P.; Schmieman, Eric A.

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Production, Storage, and FC Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on Production, Storage, and FC Analysis to the DOE Systems Analysis Workshop held in Washington, D.C. July 28-29, 2004 to discuss and define role of systems analysis in DOE Hydrogen Program.

450

NREL: Energy Analysis - Parthiv Kurup  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. CSP Cost Analyst and Engineer On staff since January 5, 2015 Phone number: 303-275-4013...

451

NREL: Energy Analysis - Aaron Levine  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Levine Photo of Aaron Levine Aaron Levine is a member of the Technology Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. Legal and Regulatory...

452

Analysis Methodologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to provide a sound understanding of hydrogen and fuel cell systems and developing markets, as follows: Resource Analysis Technological Feasibility and Cost Analysis...

453

NREL: Energy Analysis - Stuart Cohen  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of expertise Electricity system analysis Optimization and data analysis in GAMS and MATLAB Carbon capture and sequestration Primary research interests Multi-scale electricity...

454

Energy Analysis | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

decision-making by delivering analytical products in four main areas: Data Resources, Market Intelligence, Energy Systems Analysis, and Portfolio Impacts Analysis. The Energy...

455

Power network analysis and optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marek-Sadowska, “On-chip power supply network optimizationtechniques for full-chip power supply noise analysis” IEEEFull-chip vectorless dynamic power integrity analysis and

Zhang, Wanping

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

NREL: Energy Analysis - Scott Jenne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Systems and Sustainability Analysis Group in the Strategic Energy Analysis Center. Geothermal Energy Analyst On staff since 2011 Phone number: 303-384-7248 E-mail:...

457

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis given by Keith Parks of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory during the DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

458

Program Analysis | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program Analysis Program Analysis 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Vehicle Technologies Plenary...

459

NREL: Energy Analysis - Jenny Heeter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Policy analysis Utility regulation and analysis Primary research interests Voluntary green power market Renewable energy certificate markets and pricing Solar renewable energy...

460

In situ boron isotope measurements of natural geological materials by LA-MC-ICP-MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are two main methods to determine boron isotopic composition. One is the solution method, in which boron is purified after the samples are dissolved in solution and the boron isotope ratios are determined b...

KeJun Hou; YanHe Li; YingKai Xiao; Feng Liu; YouRong Tian

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

E-Print Network 3.0 - atomic source icp-rims Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lecture in the 66th Arthur H. Compton Series Some of the greatest... other quantities; cold atoms have succeeded in producing the most accurate atomic clocks to date Source:...

462

REPORT OF THE INDUCTIVELY COUPLED PLASMA -MASS SPECTROMETRY (ICP-MS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) to be conducted. All fumes are neutralized via a water-based scrubber before being vented to the atmosphere Hydride Generator (Fig. 7) 1 IBM Computer with 17" Monitor 1 Eletrothermal Vaporization Unit (Mark IIIa at a cost of $27,225. Ultrapure water is supplied by a Barnstead-Thermolyne Nanopure water system which

463

GISS ICP at Columbia University SSttuuddyyiinngg GGlloobbaall CChhaannggee aanndd tthhee EEnnvviirroonnmmeenntt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

large quantities of fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal and natural gas. Burning fossil fuels release additional greenhouse gases, such as nitrous oxide, methane and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere storage in the trees. We can study this forest carbon as well, with land-use variations (fire) as we began

464

Trace Elemental Variation in Dosidicus Gigas Statoliths Using LA-ICP-MS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

classified as distinct group for the first time using these methods. Elemental fingerprint signatures were found to be significantly different at multiple ontogenic growth regions of the statolith. Seattle and California paralarvae exhibited similar...

Arbuckle, Nancy 1980-

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

465

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha spectrometry icp-ms Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 11 Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 591 (2008) 490509 Systematic study of trace radioactive...

466

Chapter 7.42 Oxford Plasmalab 100 ICP (Compound III-V)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

purging steps in the load lock vent. Do not breathe in vapor from the loadlock on vent. Never abort a vent degree 7.2.5 Known possible problems: 7.2.5.1 Overpassivation: The CH3+Cl2+H2 chemistry is a very use the "stop" button. This is equivalent to aborting your process and will leave the wafer

Healy, Kevin Edward

467

Occurrence Reporting Causal Analysis  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. TS DOE-STD-1197-2011 SEPTEMBER 2011 DOE STANDARD OCCURRENCE REPORTING CAUSAL ANALYSIS U.S. Department Of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE This page is intentionally left blank. DOE-STD-1197-2011 iii FOREWORD This Department of Energy Standard is for use by all DOE elements. Beneficial comments (recommendations, additions, and deletions) and any pertinent data that may improve this document should be mailed to the U.S. Department of Energy; Office of Health, Safety, and Security; Office of Environmental Protection, Sustainability Support & Corporate Safety Analysis, Office of Analysis, GTN/HS-24; 1000 Independence Ave., SW; Washington, DC 20585-1290.

468

NREL: Energy Analysis - News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bookmark and Share Bookmark and Share News The Energy Analysis at NREL newsletter highlights the lab's analysts and analysis activities in renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies are having an impact on U.S. energy goals. The newsletter features recent publications and websites, updates to our models and tools, and staff activities. You can subscribe to receive the newsletter monthly by email. December 2013 NREL Analysis: Making an Impact A graphic showing the cover design for the Realizing a Clean Energy Future brochure. In Hawaiian mythology, Maui set out to lasso the sun in order to capture its energy. He succeeded. That may have been the most dramatic leap forward in clean energy systems that the world has known. Until now. Today, profound energy system transformation is underway. A combination of forces

469

Colorado Gap Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Colorado Gap Analysis Colorado Gap Analysis 2 The Building Codes Assistance Project (BCAP) BCAP is a non-profit advocacy organization established in 1994 as a joint initiative of the Alliance to Save Energy, the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, and the Natural Resources Defense Council. BCAP focuses on providing state and local governments in the U.S., as well as stakeholder organizations, with support on code adoption and implementation through direct assistance, research, data analysis, and coordination with other activities and allies. With over sixteen years of experience supporting numerous state energy offices and city building departments, along with tracking code activities across the country, BCAP is well-positioned to assist in local and statewide activity to advance

470

Chapter 17 - Sustainability Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sustainability analysis plays a key strategic role in industry, and most chemical companies consider nowadays that sustainability is a strategic business success factor, realizing that what is good for the environment and society can be also good for the financial performance of the company. This chapter provides an overview of the available methods that can translate sustainability requirements into working targets. The most used interpretation of sustainable development is the three pillars dividing sustainability into economic growth, ecological balance, and social progress. Although there is no universal approach, there are several methods that can be used in the move towards a more sustainable development and design of chemical products and processes. In this context, several valuable tools are presented: the life cycle assessment, eco-costs value ratio, eco-efficiency analysis, socio-eco-efficiency analysis, and the \\{AIChE\\} sustainability index. The last section presents a procedure for incorporating sustainability metrics in a process design project.

Alexandre C. Dimian; Costin S. Bildea; Anton A. Kiss

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Proximate analysis of coal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This lab experiment illustrates the use of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) to perform proximate analysis on a series of coal samples of different rank. Peat and coke are also examined. A total of four exercises are described. These are dry exercises as students interpret previously recorded scans. The weight percent moisture, volatile matter, fixed carbon, and ash content are determined for each sample and comparisons are made. Proximate analysis is performed on a coal sample from a local electric utility. From the weight percent sulfur found in the coal (determined by a separate procedure the Eschka method) and the ash content, students calculate the quantity of sulfur dioxide emissions and ash produced annually by a large coal-fired electric power plant.

Donahue, C.J.; Rais, E.A. [University of Michigan, Dearborn, MI (USA)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

472

Contamination analysis unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantifies of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surface by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings.

Gregg, Hugh R. (Livermore, CA); Meltzer, Michael P. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Contamination analysis unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The portable Contamination Analysis Unit (CAU) measures trace quantities of surface contamination in real time. The detector head of the portable contamination analysis unit has an opening with an O-ring seal, one or more vacuum valves and a small mass spectrometer. With the valve closed, the mass spectrometer is evacuated with one or more pumps. The O-ring seal is placed against a surface to be tested and the vacuum valve is opened. Data is collected from the mass spectrometer and a portable computer provides contamination analysis. The CAU can be used to decontaminate and decommission hazardous and radioactive surfaces by measuring residual hazardous surface contamination, such as tritium and trace organics. It provides surface contamination data for research and development applications as well as real-time process control feedback for industrial cleaning operations and can be used to determine the readiness of a surface to accept bonding or coatings. 1 fig.

Gregg, H.R.; Meltzer, M.P.

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

474

Power electronics reliability analysis.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides the DOE and industry with a general process for analyzing power electronics reliability. The analysis can help with understanding the main causes of failures, downtime, and cost and how to reduce them. One approach is to collect field maintenance data and use it directly to calculate reliability metrics related to each cause. Another approach is to model the functional structure of the equipment using a fault tree to derive system reliability from component reliability. Analysis of a fictitious device demonstrates the latter process. Optimization can use the resulting baseline model to decide how to improve reliability and/or lower costs. It is recommended that both electric utilities and equipment manufacturers make provisions to collect and share data in order to lay the groundwork for improving reliability into the future. Reliability analysis helps guide reliability improvements in hardware and software technology including condition monitoring and prognostics and health management.

Smith, Mark A.; Atcitty, Stanley

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Calculation of Conducted EMI Generated by Single-Ended Primary Inductance Converter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electromagnetic interference (EMI) to measurement results. Copyright © 2012 Praise Worthy Prize S.r.l. - All rights reserved Keywords: electromagnetic interference (EMI), emission, frequency domain analysis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

476

Cost analysis guidelines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first phase of the Depleted Uranium Hexafluoride Management Program (Program)--management strategy selection--consists of several program elements: Technology Assessment, Engineering Analysis, Cost Analysis, and preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Cost Analysis will estimate the life-cycle costs associated with each of the long-term management strategy alternatives for depleted uranium hexafluoride (UF6). The scope of Cost Analysis will include all major expenditures, from the planning and design stages through decontamination and decommissioning. The costs will be estimated at a scoping or preconceptual design level and are intended to assist decision makers in comparing alternatives for further consideration. They will not be absolute costs or bid-document costs. The purpose of the Cost Analysis Guidelines is to establish a consistent approach to analyzing of cost alternatives for managing Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) stocks of depleted uranium hexafluoride (DUF6). The component modules that make up the DUF6 management program differ substantially in operational maintenance, process-options, requirements for R and D, equipment, facilities, regulatory compliance, (O and M), and operations risk. To facilitate a consistent and equitable comparison of costs, the guidelines offer common definitions, assumptions or basis, and limitations integrated with a standard approach to the analysis. Further, the goal is to evaluate total net life-cycle costs and display them in a way that gives DOE the capability to evaluate a variety of overall DUF6 management strategies, including commercial potential. The cost estimates reflect the preconceptual level of the designs. They will be appropriate for distinguishing among management strategies.

Strait, R.S.

1996-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

477

Technological Feasibility and Cost Analysis | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Analysis Analysis Methodologies Technological Feasibility and Cost Analysis Technological Feasibility and Cost Analysis Technology Feasibility and Cost Analysis is performed...

478

Analysis Driven Field Testing  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ANALYSIS DRIVEN FIELD TESTING ANALYSIS DRIVEN FIELD TESTING Greg Barker, MEP Paul Norton, NERD C.E. Hancock, MEP Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 MODELING DRIVEN FIELD TESTING Greg Barker, MEP Paul Norton, NERD C.E. Hancock, MEP Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 MODELING DRIVEN MEASUREMENTS Greg Barker, MEP Paul Norton, NERD C.E. Hancock, MEP Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 Building America Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin, TX March 2, 2012 "Modeling without measuring lacks credibility. Measuring without modeling lacks generality." Ed Hancock

479

Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool was developed by a partnership of the DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium, the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI)/C40, and the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), for the financial analysis of retrofitting street and parking facility lighting with more efficient alternatives. Property owners, city and other government agencies, utilities, and energy efficiency organizations can use this tool to compute annualized energy and energy-cost savings, maintenance savings, greenhouse gas reductions, net present value, and simple payback associated with potential lighting upgrades.

480

Analysis, Data Systems, and Education  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below are the project presentations and respective peer review results for Analysis, Data Systems, and Education.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "analysis icp interference" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Play Fairway Analysis FOA Selections  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department's Geothermal Technologies Office awarded $4 million to eleven projects in play fairway analysis.

482

Full Reviews: Analysis and Education  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Below are the project presentations and respective peer reviewer comments for Analysis and Education.

483

Image texture analysis of elastograms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generated elastograms to obtain effective texture features. Four image analysis techniques, co-occurrence statistics, wavelet decomposition, fractal analysis and granulomeay are used to extract a number of features from each image. The inclusions...-RESOLUTION FRACTAL ANALYSIS . . . . . . E. GRANULOMETRIC FEATURES . . F. DATA NORMALIZATION . G. SEPARABILITY MEASURE 13 13 . . . . . 14 . . . . . 20 . . . . . 29 33 36 36 IV TEXTURE ANALYSIS OF SIMULATED ELASTOGRAMS. . . . . . . . . . . 38 A. SIMULATION...

Hussain, Fasahat

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

484

Toward Models for Forensic Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward Models for Forensic Analysis Sean Peisert (UC San Diego) Matt Bishop (UC Davis) Sid Karin is Forensic Analysis? Forensic analysis is the process of answering the questions: How did an event take place? What was the nature of the event? What were the effects of the event? Forensic analysis applies

Peisert, Sean

485

NREL: Energy Analysis Home Page  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Examples of NREL Analysis Impacts Examples of NREL Analysis Impacts Resource Assessment Electric Sector Integration Jobs and Economic Competitiveness Geospatial Analysis Life Cycle Assessment Harmonization Analysis of Project Finance Analysis at NREL aims to increase the understanding of the current and future interactions and roles of energy policies, markets, resources, technologies, environmental impacts, and infrastructure. NREL analysis, data, and tools inform decisions as energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies advance from concept to commercial application. Learn more about NREL's analysis by downloading Realizing a Clean Energy Future: Highlights of NREL Analysis . Featured Analysis Realizing a Clean Energy Future: Highlights of NREL Analysis (Brochure) Status and Trends in the Green Power Market (2012 Data)

486

Electromagnetic interference filter for automotive electrical systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A filter for an automotive electrical system includes a substrate having first and second conductive members. First and second input terminals are mounted to the substrate. The first input terminal is electrically connected to the first conductive member, and the second input terminal is electrically connected to the second conductive member. A plurality of capacitors are mounted to the substrate. Each of the capacitors is electrically connected to at least one of the first and second conductive members. First and second power connectors are mounted to the substrate. The first power connector is electrically connected to the first conductive member, and the second power connector is electrically connected to the second conductive member. A common mode choke is coupled to the substrate and arranged such that the common mode choke extends around at least a portion of the substrate and the first and second conductive members.

Herron, Nicholas Hayden; Carlson, Douglas S; Tang, David; Korich, Mark D

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

487

Protecting bipartite entanglement by quantum interferences  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that vacuum-induced coherence in three-level atomic systems can lead to preservation of bipartite entanglement when two such atoms are prepared as two initially entangled qubits, each independently interacting with their respective vacuum reservoirs. We explicitly calculate the time evolution of concurrence for two different Bell states and show that a large amount of entanglement can survive in the long time limit. The amount of entanglement left between the two qubits depends strongly on the ratio of the nonorthogonal transitions in each qubit and can be more than 50%. Moreover, we find that as a consequence of vacuum-induced coherence, sudden death of entanglement is prevented for an initial mixed entangled state of the qubits.

Das, Sumanta [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Institute for Quantum Science and Engineering and Department of Physics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Agarwal, G. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Suppression of automotive radio frequency interference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'TBATIONS Pag~ 1. Thc Au tomo Li. ve Igni t ion Syst: em 2. Iquivalent Circuit for SLate Variable Analys. i. s 3. Osci. lloscope Presentation of Spar)c P) ug Gap Curron c 77ave form 15 4. k'atbcmat'c. , l Representation of Spark plug ' ap Current t7... ) ? dl. st. r& 0 t * (CD+1) ) & ond. ? d i s tr i. b uior corsducting n==7, 8, . . . 21 ))/?0 n=-7, . . . 2G spark plug not conducCing spar!c plug cor, ducting A suitable computer integration technique may be applied Lo these equati. ons to u...

McLaughlin, Cleon Crosby

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Passive millimeter wave differential interference contrast polarimetry  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Differential polarization imaging systems include an axicon configured to provide a displacement of ray bundles associated with different image patches. The displaced ray bundles are directed to antenna horns and orthomode transducers so as to provide outputs correspond to orthogonal linear states of polarization (SOPs). The outputs are directed to a differential radiometer so that Stokes parameter differences between image patches can be obtained. The ray bundle displacements can be selected to correspond to a mechanical spacing of antenna horns. In some examples, ray bundle displacement corresponds to a displacement less than the diffraction limit.

Bernacki, Bruce E; Kelly, James F; Sheen, David M; Tedeschi, Jonathan R; Hall, Thomas E; Hatchell, Brian K; Valdez, Patrick; McMakin, Douglas L

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

490

Interference effects and phase sensitivity in hearing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...case was too short to allow selective listening in the dips. Probably, in this case...across-channel comparator. (4) A decision device. It was assumed that performance depended...1989 Headphone simulation of free field listening. I. Stimulus synthesis. J. Acoust...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Interference and inequality in quantum decision theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum decision theory is examined in its simplest form of two-condition two-choice setting. A set of inequalities to be satisfied by any quantum conditional probability describing the decision process is derived. Experimental data indicating the breakdown of classical explanations are critically examined with quantum theory using the full set of quantum phases.

Taksu Cheon; Taiki Takahashi

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

492

Semiconductor devices incorporating multilayer interference regions  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A semiconductor high reflector comprising a number of thin alternating layers of semiconductor materials is electrically tunable and may be used as a temperature insensitive semiconductor laser in a Fabry-Perot configuration. 8 figs.

Biefeld, R.M.; Drummond, T.J.; Gourley, P.L.; Zipperian, T.E.

1987-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

Environmental analysis & Re-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental analysis & Re- sources Manage- ment includes a range of careers. Environmental, and managers of land, water, and atmos- pheric resources. Their job titles include those listed in the bulleted to make you an attractive and competitive environmental management professional. The package is based

de Doncker, Elise

494

Electronic Mail Analysis Capability  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes the pilot program to test the Department of Energy (DOE) Electronic Mail Analysis Capability (EMAC), which will be used to monitor and analyze outgoing and incoming electronic mail (e-mail) from the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and DOE laboratories that are engaged in nuclear weapons design or work involving special nuclear material. No cancellation.

2001-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

495

Regional Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Regional Analysis Briefs (RABs) provide an overview of specific regions that play an important role in world energy markets, either directly or indirectly. These briefs cover areas that are currently major producers (Caspian Sea), have geopolitical importance (South China Sea), or may have future potential as producers or transit areas (East Africa, Eastern Mediterranean).

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Country Analysis Briefs  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Analysis of Insecticide Synergists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Analysis, 10th ed., 77 (1965). 11. Chazin, J. D., Tappi 52, 414 (1969). 12. Bevenue, A., Kawano, Y. and Delano...Fishbein, L. and Corbett, B. J., J. Chromatog. 45, 437 (1969). JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHIC SCIENCE VOL. 13 MAY 1975......

Lawrence Fishbein

1975-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Integrated analysis and design optimization of germanium purification process using zone-refining technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Germanium (Ge) is a preferred material in the fabrication of high-performance gamma radiation detector for spectroscopy in nuclear physics. To maintain an intrinsic region in which electrons and holes reach the contacts to produce a spectroscopic signal, germanium crystals are usually doped with lithium (Li) ions. Consequently, hyperpure germanium (HPGe) should be prepared before the doping process to eliminate the interference of unexpected impurities in the Li dopant. Zone-refining technique, widely used in purification of ultra-pure materials, is chosen as one of the purification steps during detector-grade germanium production. In the paper, numerical analysis has been conducted to analyze heat transfer, melt flow and impurity segregation during a multi-pass zone-refining process of germanium in a Cyberstar mirror furnace. By modifying the effective redistribution coefficients, axial segregations of various impurities are investigated. Marangoni convection is found dominant in the melt. It affects the purification process through modifying the boundary layer thickness. Impurity distributions along the ingot are obtained with different conditions, such as pass number, zone travel rate, initial impurity concentration, segregation coefficient, and hot-zone length. Based on the analysis, optimization of the purification process design is proposed.

Sen Wang; H.S. Fang; Z.L. Jin; C.J. Zhao; L.L. Zheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

A mathematical model for drainage and desorption area analysis during shale gas production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract For shale gas production, more attention is paid to production decline analysis, pressure transient analysis, and flow mechanism in nano-scale matrix. A few studies were carried out to analyze the depth of drainage and desorption in shale gas reservoir. When simulating shale gas production performance, especially in the case of multi-stage fractured horizontal wells (MFHW), the understanding of depth of drainage can analyze the critical time of interference and its intensity, and the desorption area is also a key factor to calculate production contributed from adsorbed gas. In these regards, this study presents a semi-analytical solution with dynamic gas compressibility to predict drainage and desorption area for long term. An analytical simplification solution is obtained to predict for early production, which is accurate enough. Using the method of continuous succession of steady states, the approximation solution is in good agreement with the results of Fast-Matching Method (FMM). The results show that the seepage area of each fracture expands much faster in stimulated reservoir volume (SRV) than that in unstimulated area with an elliptic shape. Desorption area also expands fast in SRV but is limited in SRV due to ultra-tight properties in unstimulated area. It is also proved that critical desorption pressure (CDP) delays desorption which plays a significant role in area expansion. This approach turns out to be simple and efficient when applied to practical projects.

Jin Zhang; Shijun Huang; Linsong Cheng; Shuang Ai; Bailu Teng; Yuting Guan; Yongchao Xue

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Analysis Margo Melendez & Keith Parks January 26, 2006 Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis (GIA) Utilizes GIS, geographically segregated data, and transition expertise to add the spatial component to infrastructure analysis NREL Core Competencies * Geographic data, tools, and expertise * Flexibility to address a wide array of transition issues NREL Capability Diagram Geographically-based Infrastructure Analysis GIS Transportation Technologies & Systems Electric & Hydrogen Technologies Energy Analysis Office GIA Activities Previous and Ongoing * HYDS ME - Evaluates best infrastructure options * Interstate Infrastructure Analysis - Minimal infrastructure to facilitate interstate travel during transition New Analyses * Quantifying transitional hydrogen demand