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Sample records for amoco amoco canada

  1. Mr. R. M. Zielinski, Plant Manager Amoco Chemical Company

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    D .C. 20545 Mr. R. M. Zielinski, Plant Manager Amoco Chemical Company P.O. Box 568 Texas City, Texas 77590 Dear Mr. Zielinski: The Department of Energy is evaluating the ...

  2. AMOCO Liuhua Triton{trademark} ROV(s)/AROWs -- Pre-planned remote intervention for subsea production systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stroud-Perry, D.

    1995-12-31

    This paper discusses the development and design of two (2) Advanced Remotely Operated Heavy Work (AROW) systems which have been designed specifically to support the AMOCO Liuhua FPSO and Subsea Production system remote intervention tasks in the South China Sea. The two ROV systems (Portable and Permanent) incorporate features and tools which have been pre-planned and designed to perform all aspects of the remote intervention requirements of the Liuhua project. This paper will address the design, coordination and planning performed to ensure that all phases of the subsea intervention were achievable in a cost effective, reliable and innovative manner. The emphasis is on the design solutions selected in relation to the project application requirements. The importance of early coordination between the client(s), operator and manufacturer to optimize the required system is also addressed.

  3. Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    This report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten, the Proctor Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites, for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A separate Appendix provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. 26 figs., 121 tabs.

  4. Screening study for waste biomass to ethanol production facility using the Amoco process in New York State. Appendices to the final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-01

    The final report evaluates the economic feasibility of locating biomass-to-ethanol waste conversion facilities in New York State. Part 1 of the study evaluates 74 potential sites in New York City and identifies two preferred sites on Staten Island, the Proctor and Gamble and the Arthur Kill sites for further consideration. Part 2 evaluates upstate New York and determines that four regions surrounding the urban centers of Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse provide suitable areas from which to select specific sites for further consideration. A conceptual design and economic viability evaluation were developed for a minimum-size facility capable of processing 500 tons per day (tpd) of biomass consisting of wood or paper, or a combination of the two for upstate regions. The facility would use Amoco`s biomass conversion technology and produce 49,000 gallons per day of ethanol and approximately 300 tpd of lignin solid by-product. For New York City, a 1,000-tpd processing facility was also evaluated to examine effects of economies of scale. The reports evaluate the feasibility of building a biomass conversion facility in terms of city and state economic, environmental, and community factors. Given the data obtained to date, including changing costs for feedstock and ethanol, the project is marginally attractive. A facility should be as large as possible and located in a New York State Economic Development Zone to take advantage of economic incentives. The facility should have on-site oxidation capabilities, which will make it more financially viable given the high cost of energy. This appendix to the final report provides supplemental material supporting the evaluations.

  5. Sweet Lake Geopressured-geothermal Project, Magma Gulf-Technadril/DOE Amoco Fee. Volume II. Surface installations reservoir testing. Annual report, February 28, 1981-February 10, 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, K.S.

    1984-01-01

    The Magma Gulf-Technadril/Department of Energy Amoco Fee No. 1 (production) and salt water disposal wells were drilled in the period from August, 1980 to February 1981. Surface facilities were designed and constructed during March-June 1981. Flow testing began in June 1981 and continued until February, 1982. The Miogypsinoides interval contains seven discrete sands in the test well. These sands have been numbered 1 to 7, beginning at the top of the sequence. Data from wireline logs and core samples suggested that the first zone to be perforated should be Sand 5. Because of its high porosity and permeability, Sand 5 was thought to contain almost 50% of the total hydraulic capacity of the well. Flow testing of Sand 5 was performed in three stages, each of which is fully described in this report. Phase I was designed as an initial clean-up flow and a reservoir confirmation test. Phase II consisted of the reservoir limit determination test and lasted 17 days. Boundaries were confirmed which suggest that the Sweet Lake reservoir is fairly narrow, with boundaries on three sides, but is open in one direction with no closure for at least 4-1/4 miles. These boundaries approximate the shape of the graben in which the test well was drilled, but may or may not be directly related to the major faults forming the graben. Phase III testing was planned to be a long-term test at commercial design rates. Although Sand 5 alone would not support such rates, long-term production was demonstrated. Additional research not supported by DOE funding was also performed during the period covered by this report. This research, consisting of mud logging, micropaleontology, organic geochemistry, core analysis, and rock mechanics, is summarized in this report.

  6. EIA-782B EXCLUSIONARY LIST INSTRUCTIONS

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Age Refining Air BP Alon USA Amerada Hess (Hess Corporation) American Refining Group Amoco Amoco Canada Marketing Andrews Petroleum (Plains Marketing) Apex Oil Company Arco ...

  7. --No Title--

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Age Refining Air BP Alon USA American Refining Group Amoco Amoco Canada Marketing Anadarko ... Atlantic Richfield Atlantic Trading & Marketing Atofina Petro Axeon Specialty Products ...

  8. EIA-782A Exclusionary list instructions

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    CHS (Cenex Harvest States) Amoco Canada Marketing Citgo Petroleum Anadarko Energy Services ... Corp (Petro Star) Coastal Refining & Marketing Ashland Oil (MAP) Coastal States Trading ...

  9. Canada | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Canada

  10. Geopressured-geothermal drilling and testing plan: Magma Gulf/Technadril-Dept. of Energy MGT-DOE AMOCO Fee No. 1 well, Cameron Parish, Lousiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-07-01

    The following topics are covered: generalized site activities, occupational health and safety, drilling operations, production testing, environmental assessment and monitoring plan, permits, program management, reporting, and schedule. (MHR)

  11. Sweet Lake geopressured-geothermal project, Magma Gulf-Technadril/DOE Amoco fee. Volume III. Final report. Annual report, February 1982-March 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durham, C.O. Jr.; O'Brien, F.D.; Rodgers, R.W.

    1985-01-01

    This report presents the results of the testing of Sand 3 (15,245 to 15,280 feet in depth) which occurred from November 1983 to March 1984 and evaluates these new data in comparison to results from the testing of Sand 5 (15,385 to 15,415 feet in depth) which occurred from June 1981 to February 1982. It also describes the reworking of the production and salt water disposal wells preparatory to the Sand 3 testing as well as the plug and abandon procedures requested to terminate the project. The volume contains two parts: Part 1 includes the text and accompanying plates, figures and tables; Part 2 consists of the appendixes including auxiliary reports and tabulations.

  12. Use of look-ahead modeling in pipeline operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wray, B.; O`Leary, C.

    1995-12-31

    Amoco Canada Petroleum Company, Ltd. operates the Cochin pipeline system. Cochin pumps batched liquid ethane, propane, ethylene, butane, and NGL. Operating and scheduling this pipeline is very complex. There are safety considerations, especially for ethylene, which cannot be allowed to drop below vapor pressure. Amoco Canada needs to know where batches are in the line, what pressure profiles will look like into the future, and when batches arrive at various locations along the line. In addition to traditional instrumentation and SCADA, Amoco Canada uses modeling software to help monitor and operate the Cochin pipeline. Two important components of the modeling system are the Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) and Predictive Model (PM) modules. These modules perform look ahead modeling to assist in operating the Cochin pipeline. The modeling software was first installed for the Cochin system in February of 1994, and was commissioned on August 1, 1994. This paper will discuss how the look ahead modules are used for the Cochin pipeline.

  13. Sweet lake geopressured-geothermal project, Magma Gulf-Technadril/DOE Amoco Fee. Annual report, December 1, 1979-February 27, 1981. Volume I. Drilling and completion test well and disposal well

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodgers, R.W.

    1982-06-01

    The Sweet lake site is located approximately 15 miles southeast of Lake Charles in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. A geological study showed that the major structure in this area is a graben. The dip of the beds is northwesterly into the basin. A well drilled into the deep basin would find the target sand below 18,000', at high pressures and temperatures. However, since there is no well control in the basin, the specific site was chosen on the 15,000' contour of the target sand in the eastern, more narrow part of the garben. Those key control wells are present within one mile of the test well. The information acquired by drilling the test well confirmed the earlier geologic study. The target sand was reached at 15,065', had a porosity of over 20% and a permeability to water of 300 md. The original reservoir pressure was 12,060 psi and the bottom hole temperature 299{sup 0}F. There are approximately 250 net feet of sand available for the perforation. The disposal well was drilled to a total depth of 7440'.

  14. Preparation for commercial demonstration of biomass-to-ethanol conversion technology. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-07-01

    The objective of this program was to complete the development of a commercially viable process to produce fuel ethanol from renewable cellulosic biomass. The program focused on pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis, and fermentation technologies where Amoco has a unique proprietary position. Assured access to low-cost feedstock is a cornerstone of attractive economics for cellulose to ethanol conversion in the 1990s. Most of Amoco`s efforts in converting cellulosic feedstocks to ethanol before 1994 focused on using paper from municipal solid waste as the feed. However, while many municipalities and MSW haulers expressed interest in Amoco`s technology, none were willing to commit funding to process development. In May, 1994 several large agricultural products companies showed interest in Amoco`s technology, particularly for application to corn fiber. Amoco`s initial work with corn fiber was encouraging. The project work plan was designed to provide sufficient data on corn fiber conversion to convince a major agriculture products company to participate in the construction of a commercial demonstration facility.

  15. Coiled tubing enables rapid CO{sub 2} completions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Payton, R.; Baker, R.; Turner, D.; Bertrand, B.

    1996-08-01

    In the Bravo Dome field of northeastern New Mexico, Amoco has doubled their expected carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) production and reduced completion costs by 7.5% using coiled tubing in conjunction with other technologies. Amoco initially expected to produce an average 2.6 MMcfd per well. Instead, six months after completing the 31-well package, the company is producing an average 5.1 MMcfd. Important elements contributing cost and time savings on the project were: Log analysis to select perforations and help prevent water production, and lost circulation; the mobility and flexibility of coiled tubing; using cement for low-cost lost circulation control; using thermoplastic film to prevent proppant flowback; fracture designs optimized for each well; and forming an alliance between Amoco and vendors and developing of mutual trust. Amoco and other producing companies use about 95% of the CO{sub 2} produced at Amoco`s Bravo Dome field for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) projects in the Permian Basin area. Amoco sells 5% of the purest product to companies in the US food industry. While the low price of CO{sub 2}, about one-fourth that of methane, furnished part of the impetus for Amoco to implement the cost-cutting methods at Bravo Dome, the methods can be applied in many completion applications and are discussed in this paper.

  16. Alberta, Canada

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Price includes  Round trip airfare from Pasco to Calgary, Alberta, Canada  4 nights at the famous Fairmont Banff Springs Hotel  3-day tri-area adult lift ticket (Banff, Sun- shine and Lake Louise ski area)  Daily hot breakfast  Private transfers and MORE! Contact Dianne Whitten at 943-4076 for more infor- mation and to sign up! $500 per person deposit due Sept 8, 2016 PASSPORTS ARE REQUIRED FOR THIS TRIP SKI BANFF WITH HERO January 19-23, 2017 CHECK THIS OFF YOUR BUCKET LIST. THIS

  17. Conergy Canada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada Jump to: navigation, search Name: Conergy Canada Place: Edmonton, Alberta, Canada Zip: T5S 2X3 Sector: Solar Product: Canada-based manufacturer of solar products....

  18. Managing nontechnical risks associated with seismic operations in the tropical rain forests of Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, G.; Smith, G.R.; Vacas, F.J.; Swingholm, E.K.; Yuill, R.M.; Aleman, M.A.

    1997-04-21

    Companies operating in sensitive areas are being challenged to address the environmental and social issues while preserving these areas for future generations. This increased international attention on environmental and sociocultural issues has led Amoco to focus efforts on developing new ideas and strategies to facilitate environmental and cultural management. In Ecuador, the major oil producing region is the Ecuadorian portion of the Amazon Basin, referred to locally as the Oriente. Amoco Ecuador BV recently completed a seismic acquisition program in the Oriente with minimum impact to the environment and the communities within the project area. The goal of this article is to describe Amoco`s experience in managing environmental, social, and public perception issues associated with seismic operations in the rain forests of Ecuador.

  19. 1989.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    363 70278.FE 121889 89-19-NG Wisconsin Power and Light 362 70276.FE 121589 89-57-NG Enron Gas Marketing 360-A 70277.FE 121289 89-65-NG Amoco Energy Trading Corp. 361 70275.FE...

  20. Pangaea Ventures Ltd (Canada) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Pangaea Ventures Ltd (Canada) Name: Pangaea Ventures Ltd (Canada) Address: 1500 West Georgia Street, Suite 1580 Place: Vancouver, Canada...

  1. An evaluation of pending energy and environmental policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eck, T.

    1995-12-31

    A very brief summary of the restructuring of the Amoco Corporation is provided. Also included in the paper are a number of graphs depicting historical data on energy supply and demand. The Amoco restructuring included elimination of middle management and staff to improve profitability, cost leadership, long-term growth, and customer focus. Data provided concern U.S. oil and natural gas consumption, gas prices, and emissions. 15 refs.

  2. EA-326 Citigroup Energy Canada ULC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Citigroup Energy Canada ULC EA-326 Citigroup Energy Canada ULC Order authorizing Citigroup Energy Canada ULC to export electric energy to Canada EA-326 Citigroup Energy Canada ULC ...

  3. EA-297 SESCO Enterprises Canada | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SESCO Enterprises Canada EA-297 SESCO Enterprises Canada Order authorizing SESCO Enterprises Canada to export electric energy to Canada. EA-297 SESCO Enterprises Canada (1.57 MB) ...

  4. EA-297-B SESCO Enterprises Canada | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -B SESCO Enterprises Canada EA-297-B SESCO Enterprises Canada Order authorizing SESCO Enterprises Canada to export electric energy to Canada. EA-297-B SESCO Enterprises Canada ...

  5. Free Energy International Canada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    International Canada Jump to: navigation, search Name: Free Energy International (Canada) Place: Richmond, British Columbia, Canada Sector: Geothermal energy, Solar Product:...

  6. Vancouver, Canada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Vancouver, Canada 4 References Registered Research Institutions in Vancouver, Canada NRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation Registered Energy Companies in Vancouver, Canada...

  7. The Canada connection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bright, D.; Salaff, S.

    1995-03-01

    A big boost for wholesale electricity wheeling between Canada and the United States could be the consolidation and final approval of the Western Regional Transmission Association (WRTA), expected later this year, and the Northwest Regional Transmission Association (NWRTA). WRTA culd become the first US regional transmission group (RTG) approved by the ederal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Several US utilities and independent energy players would be joined in this pioneering RTG by western Canadian firms - a major advance for Canada-US electricity cooperation and competition. Curently, British Columbia and Alberta are leading Canada toward open transmission access and wholesale electricity wheeling. WRTA and other RTGs may even become vehicles for greater inter-utility coopertion and open access within Canada. The opportunities for participation in Canada/US transmission groups seem likely, but there are still issues to resolve - including the unknown shape of the US electric industry as it changes. As these uncertainties are worked through both Canadian and US companies may find new opportunities in cross border power sales.

  8. Good Energies (Canada) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Good Energies (Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Good Energies (Canada) Name: Good Energies (Canada) Address: 586 Argus Road, Suite 200 Place: Oakville, Canada Zip: L6J 3J3...

  9. EA-297-A SESCO Enterprises Canada Ltd. | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -A SESCO Enterprises Canada Ltd. EA-297-A SESCO Enterprises Canada Ltd. Order authorizing SESCO Enterprises Canada Ltd to export electric energy to Canada EA-297-A SESCO ...

  10. Natural Resources Canada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Natural Resources Canada Name: Natural Resources Canada Address: 580 Booth Place: Ottawa, Ontario Zip: K1A 0E4 Number of Employees:...

  11. Canadian oilsands, heavy oil adjusting to tough economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-11

    Canadian oilsands and heavy oil operators are using operational upgrades and substantial research outlays as key weapons against an economic squeeze brought about largely by volatile oil prices. The Canadian Oilsands Network for Research and Development (Conrad) was formed late last year to coordinate nonproprietary research on oilsands technology among industry, government, and academic centers. The Alberta Oilsands Technology and Research Authority (Aostra), now part of Alberta's energy department, also is active with a number of industry partners in oilsands and heavy oil research. Aostra has made significant gains in demonstration projects. The paper discusses upgrader problems, key ingredients to improving operations and development of new technology, syncrude operations, cost, environmental upgrading, Imperials' heavy oil operation at Cold Lake, Shell's operation at Peace River and Amoco operations in Canada.

  12. Tavrima Canada Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Tavrima Canada builds a range of active carbon ultracapacitors used mainly in automotive applications. References: Tavrima Canada Inc.1 This article is a stub. You can...

  13. US-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    US-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue US-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue US Canada Clean Energy Dialogue PDF icon US-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue More Documents & Publications U.S.-Canada...

  14. EA-253-A Coral Canada US Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3-A Coral Canada US Inc EA-253-A Coral Canada US Inc Order authorizing Coral Canada US Inc to export electric energy to Canada. EA-253-A Coral Canada US Inc (1.63 MB) More ...

  15. EA-342 Royal Bank of Canada | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Royal Bank of Canada EA-342 Royal Bank of Canada Order authorizing Royal Bank of Canada to export electric energy to Canada EA-342 Royal Bank of Canada (3.17 MB) More Documents & ...

  16. Two petroleum additives deals stall on the consolidation trail

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiesche, E.S.

    1992-04-22

    The consolidation of the lubricant and fuel additives market is turning out to be anything but a slick transition. Two deals have fallen through since the beginning of April. Ethyl Corp. (Richmond, VA) has discontinued negotiations for the acquisition of BP Chemicals` (London) Adibis petroleum additives business and Lubrizol`s (Wickliffe, OH) proposed purchase of Amoco Chemical`s petroleum additives business is stalled, and may be completely derailed by antitrust concerns. Meanwhile, a third petroleum additives business, the European joint venture between Amoco and Finzis being liquidated.

  17. Research identifies designs for lowering subsea production cost

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothberg, R.H.; Hall, J.E. ); Douglas, L.D. ); Manuel, W.S. ); Kirkland, K.G.

    1993-03-08

    To reduce costs and simplify installation operations for subsea hardware, Amoco Production Co. in 1986 began the development of a diverless subsea production system (DSPS). At present, Amoco has completed the testing phase for selected prototype components and has completed a deepwater system design that incorporates many of these ideas. This program has yielded several configurations suitable for full-field development; however, the emphasis of the research and development program has been to identify, design, and test components of key subsystems. This first of a three-part series describes the design considerations, equipment configuration, and subsea trees.

  18. United States, Canada Announce Next Phase of U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Environment Canada released the U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II.

  19. Vantage Point Venture Partners (Canada) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Vantage Point Venture Partners (Canada) Name: Vantage Point Venture Partners (Canada) Address: 1200 McGill College, Suite 1240 Place:...

  20. Phoenix Canada Oil Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada Oil Company Place: Toronto, Ontario, Canada Zip: M5J 1S9 Sector: Hydro, Hydrogen, Solar Product: Oil and gas exploration company, with a US division, Phoenix...

  1. CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar: Proposed Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards January 12, 2015 Natural Resources Ressources naturelles Canada Canada Key Contacts in U.S. and Canada NRCan * Debbie Scharf, Director of Equipment Division * Katherine Delves, Chief of Standards Development * Jamie Hulan, Team leader for Standards Development * Andrés Drew, RCC lead DOE * John Cymbalsky, Program Manager for Appliance Standards * Ashley Armstrong, Supervisory

  2. Fuel Additives: Canada bans MMT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sissell, K.

    1997-04-16

    The Canadian Senate voted late last week to ban use of the manganese-based fuel additive MMT, produced only in the US by Ethyl. MMT, which has been sold in Canada for the past 20 years and accounts for about half of Ethyl`s Canadian sales, has been criticized by environmentalists, who have raised public health concerns, and automakers, who say it harms emission control systems. {open_quotes}Canada`s vote is a great victory for public health and the environment,{close_quotes} says Environmental Defense Fund executive director Fred Krupp. {open_quotes}The US should move swiftly to follow suit and suspend sales of MMT until adequate toxicity testing on the additive is completed.{close_quotes} EPA had refused to approve MMT for sale because of health concerns but was compelled to do so by a December 1995 court ruling. Ethyl asserts the ban violates Canada`s obligations under Nafta and says it will file a damage claim with the Nafta arbitration panel.

  3. Recent developments in two-stage coal liquefaction at Wilsonville

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, J.M.; Nalitham, R.V.; Lamb, C.W.

    1986-04-01

    This paper presents results from the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R and D Facility at Wilsonville, Alabama. The primary sponsors are the US Department of Energy (DOE) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). Amoco Corporation became a sponsor in 1984 through an agreement with EPRI. The facility is operated by Catalytic, Inc., under the management of Southern Company Services, Inc.

  4. BASELINE DESIGN/ECONOMICS FOR ADVANCED FISCHER-TROPSCH TECHNOLOGY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-04-01

    Bechtel, along with Amoco as the main subcontractor, developed a Baseline design, two alternative designs, and computer process simulation models for indirect coal liquefaction based on advanced Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology for the U. S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC).

  5. Rural Living Canada Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentrural-living-canada-website Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Regulations" is not in the list of possible...

  6. Canada: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and promoting the use of renewable energy. 1 Recent News Development of flexible solar panel External Links EIA Report: Canada Energy Data, Statistics, and Alaysis EIA:...

  7. Canada-US Clean Energy Dialogue:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    First Report to the Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the United States of America September 16, 2009 The Honorable Steven Chu Secretary of Energy United States of America The Honourable Jim Prentice Minister of the Environment Canada U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue First Report to the Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the United States of America President Obama and Prime Minister Harper: When you met in Ottawa in February 2009, you set out an ambitious plan for our

  8. EA-326-A Citigroup Energy Canada ULC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -A Citigroup Energy Canada ULC EA-326-A Citigroup Energy Canada ULC Order authorizing Citigroup to export electric energy to Canada. EA-326-A CECU.pdf (854.79 KB) More Documents & ...

  9. EA-346 Credit Suisse Energy LLC - Canada | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canada EA-346 Credit Suisse Energy LLC - Canada Order authorizing Credit Suisse Energy LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA-346 Credit Suisse Energy LLC (2.93 MB) More ...

  10. EA-356 J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation EA-356 J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation Order authorizing J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation to export electric energy ...

  11. Price of Compressed Houlton ME Natural Gas Imports from Canada...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Houlton ME Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Compressed Houlton ME Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year ...

  12. Ontario Renewable Energy Atlas (Canada) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Atlas (Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Ontario Renewable Energy Atlas (Canada) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Potentials &...

  13. Price of Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada ...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

  14. Demonstrating Electric Vehicles in Canada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Demonstrating Electric Vehicles in Canada Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Demonstrating Electric Vehicles in Canada AgencyCompany Organization: Natural...

  15. Price of Crosby, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada ...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Crosby, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Crosby, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

  16. Category:Canada Provinces and Territories | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada Provinces and Territories Jump to: navigation, search Canadian Provinces and Territories Pages in category "Canada Provinces and Territories" The following 10 pages are in...

  17. Zongshen PEM Canada Chongqing Hydrogen Energy Ltd | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zongshen PEM Canada Chongqing Hydrogen Energy Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Zongshen PEM (Canada) Chongqing Hydrogen Energy Ltd Place: Chongqing Municipality, China...

  18. Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed ...

  19. Natural Resources Canada and DOE Announce Enhanced Energy Collaboratio...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Natural Resources Canada and DOE Announce Enhanced Energy Collaboration Natural Resources Canada and DOE Announce Enhanced Energy Collaboration September 19, 2014 - 3:32pm Addthis ...

  20. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet ... Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","42016" ,"Release ...

  1. CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar:...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar: Work Plan Development - 201617; April 12, 2016 CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar: Work Plan ...

  2. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet ... Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","42016" ,"Release ...

  3. Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Insolation Maps (Canada) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Photovoltaic Potential and Insolation Maps (Canada) Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics:...

  4. Fact #691: September 5, 2011 Mexico Surpassed Canada in Vehicle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1: September 5, 2011 Mexico Surpassed Canada in Vehicle Production Fact 691: September 5, 2011 Mexico Surpassed Canada in Vehicle Production In 2008, Mexico produced more vehicles ...

  5. EA-262 TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262 TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262 TransCanada ...

  6. Energy Management Programs at 3M Canada

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 July 2014 . All Rights Reserved. 3M Energy Management at 3M Canada OVERVIEW An Introduction to 3M 3M Sustainability Energy Management Initiatives Results Insight 1 July 2014 . ...

  7. Secretary Bodman Visits Alberta, Canada | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Secretary Bodman Visits Alberta, Canada July 14, 2006 - 3:09pm Addthis Tour of Oil Sands ... Yesterday, Secretary Bodman toured the oil sands in Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada with ...

  8. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0NUS-NCAIMLMMCF" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)" 41090,0 41455,555 ...

  9. Compressed Houlton, ME Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Houlton, ME Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Compressed Houlton, ME Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug ...

  10. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9102CN2" "Date","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)" 26845,1027883 27210,959063 ...

  11. EA-262-B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-B TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262-B ...

  12. EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262-A ...

  13. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Order authorizing TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. EA-262-C ...

  14. Natural Resources Canada and DOE Announce Enhanced Energy Collaboration |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Natural Resources Canada and DOE Announce Enhanced Energy Collaboration Natural Resources Canada and DOE Announce Enhanced Energy Collaboration September 19, 2014 - 3:32pm Addthis Canada's Minister of Natural Resources Greg Rickford and Secretary Moniz sign a Memorandum of Understanding launching an agreement on enhanced energy collaboration between NRCan and DOE. Photo courtesy of NRCan. Canada's Minister of Natural Resources Greg Rickford and Secretary Moniz sign a

  15. EA-342-A Royal Bank of Canada | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -A Royal Bank of Canada EA-342-A Royal Bank of Canada Order authorizing Royal Bank of Canada to export electric energy to Canada. EA-342-A RBC (CN).pdf (1.03 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-328-A RBC Energy Services LP Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-328-A RBC Energy Services LP EA-97-D Portland General Electric Company

  16. Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards | Department of Energy Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards This is a presentation from the January 12, 2015 Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council webinar for Natural Resources Canada and the US Department of Energy regarding a proposed approach for energy

  17. New features on ROVs and control systems add flexibility and cut costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rothberg, R.H.; Hall, J.E. ); Douglas, L.D. ); Kirkland, K.G. ); Manuel, W.S. )

    1993-04-05

    Subsea maintenance with remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) has a substantial role in defining diverless subsea operations. System complexity, and hence also cost and reliability, are affected by the types of maintenance interfaces available. This concluding part of a three-part series covers Amoco's development of ROV tooling that incorporates variable buoyancy, a vertical running tool, and an electrohydraulic power package that includes a horizontal torque tool. In the development of a diverless subsea production system (DSPS), Amoco also has concentrated on designing new control systems and ROVs that can remain subsea for extended periods of time. The paper describes ROVs in general; maintenance ROVs; resident ROVs for monitoring and operation of remote seafloor installations; control systems; umbilical terminations; instrument packages; hydraulic control; local shutdown; and on-going development efforts.

  18. Compaction measurements on the Sweet Lake test well

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jogi, P.N.; Kalra, S.; Gray, K.E.; Thompson, T.W.; Bebout, D.G.; Bachman, A.L.

    1981-01-01

    Measurements of compressibilities, moduli, compaction coefficients, porosities, and permeabilities have been conducted on cores from Magma Gulf-Technadril/Department of Energy Amoco Fee No. 1 in the Sweet Lake Field in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. All rock parameters show nonlinear behavior with changing reservoir pressure. Compressibilities and uniaxial compaction coefficients decline rapidly with pore pressure reduction. Porosity reduction was generally less than 10%; permeability reduction was 30 to 40%. Additional tests are in progress.

  19. CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar: Work Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development - 2016/17; April 12, 2016 | Department of Energy CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar: Work Plan Development - 2016/17; April 12, 2016 CANADA-UNITED STATES REGULATORY COOPERATION COUNCIL Webinar: Work Plan Development - 2016/17; April 12, 2016 Work Plan and Development 2016-04-12 (207.15 KB) More Documents & Publications Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council Webinar: Proposed Approach for Energy Efficiency Standards North America Energy

  20. Floating oil production unit slated in small field off Gabon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-14

    This paper reports on the first U.S. tanker converted to a floating production, storage, and offloading (FPSO) unit which takes up station in Gombe-Beta field off Gabon by Dec. 1. FPSO Ocean Producer will work under a 3 year, day rate contract let late in 1990 by Amoco-Gabon Bombe Marin co., a unit of Amoco Production Co. (OGJ, Dec. 24, 1990, p. 27). Gombe-Beta field is in the Atlantic Ocean about 70 miles south of Port Gentil, Gabon. Ocean Producer will be moored in 50 ft of water 3.7 miles off Gabon, with Bombe-Beta's unmanned production platform about 820 ft astern. The vessel will be held in position by a disconnectable, asymmetric, six point, spread mooring system, It is owned and operated by Oceaneering International Services Ltd. (OISL). Affiliate Oceaneering Production Systems (OPS) converted the 78,061 dwt oil tanker MT Baltimore Sea at a capital cost of $25 million at Gulf Copper Manufacturing Corp.'s Port Arthur, Tex., shipyard. Both companies are units of Oceaneering International Inc., Houston. OPS the Ocean Producer's use in Gombe-Beta field is the shallowest water FPSO application in the world. Amoco-Gabon chose an FPSO production system for Gombe-Beta because it expects the remote field to have a short economic life, and the oil requires extensive processing.

  1. Large-diameter coiled tubing completions decrease risk of formation damage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, V. ); Edens, F. ); Coker, G. ); King, G. )

    1992-07-20

    Amoco Production Co. has used large-diameter coiled tubing strings to avoid damaging gas wells with kill fluids. The coiled tubing is stripped in the gas well under pressure. In Amoco's case, the gas flows up the tubing/casing annulus. The coiled tubing string provides a way to blow down the well whenever the well loads up with liquids from completion, workover, or naturally produced fluids. This paper reports that to date, Amoco has installed coiled tubing in four wells. The oldest has 18 months of service. Although some turbine longevity questions must be answered, the first four completions have proven fast and trouble free. The basic equipment for handling coil tubing is shown. The transport trailer and tubing injector head are similar to standard servicing equipment and not considered experimental. The production tubing reel is capable of carrying 14,000 ft of 2-in tubing or 18,000 ft of 1 3/4-in. tubing. For shallower wells, multiple tubing strings can be would on the same spool. Because of handling difficulties of large tubing, spools must be wound at the factory. Most of the largest sizes are made to order, making lead time a necessary consideration.

  2. Canada-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (ICPET) Sector Energy Focus Area Biomass Country Canada Northern America References NREL International Activities Website 1 Abstract NREL is working with the National Research...

  3. 2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    10 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada: Third Edition Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: 2010 Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the...

  4. Climate, Conservation, and Community in Alaska and Northwest Canada

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Climate, Conservation, and Community in Alaska and Northwest Canada is a joint Landscape Conservation Cooperative (LCC) and Alaska Climate Science Center (AK CSC) conference scheduled for November...

  5. ,"Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2014 ,"Release...

  6. Canada de los Alamos, New Mexico: Energy Resources | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada de los Alamos, New Mexico: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 35.5930896, -105.8611303 Show Map Loading map......

  7. NAFTA and gasoline: Canada, U. S. , Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-31

    The North American Free Trade Agreement has become a hotly debated topic all over the world, but especially in the countries involved: Mexico, United States, and Canada. Comments made by high ranking officials imply there are differences to reconcile before the agreement is passed. Toward seeing these countries in trio, this issue compares gasoline markets and some energy perspectives. The purpose of this article is to contribute to understanding of the three countries through their petroleum industry structure. Gasoline consumption and retail delivery infrastructure are compared and contrasted to illustrate the differences among the NAFTA countries.

  8. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) North Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.00 2.96 2.75 2.27 2000's NA NA NA - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Thousand Cubic

  9. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan First Report of the U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Working Groups PDF icon...

  10. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Report | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Report U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Report PDF icon CEDReporttoLeaders.pdf More Documents & Publications U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue...

  11. ENG-Canada-USA Government Procurement (clean 11 Feb 2010 printed...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ENG-Canada-USA Government Procurement (clean 11 Feb 2010 printed) ENG-Canada-USA Government Procurement (clean 11 Feb 2010 printed) ENG-Canada-USA Government Procurement (clean 11 ...

  12. BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada The number of British Columbia, Canada, households ...

  13. EA-356-A J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    -A J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation EA-356-A J.P. Morgan Commodities Canada Corporation Order authorizing JPMCCC to export electric energy to Canada. EA-356-A J.P. Morgan ...

  14. U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the Implementation of Task Force Recommendations U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the ...

  15. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for ... U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic ...

  16. ,"Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for ... of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic ...

  17. Bitumen and heavy oil upgrading in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrones, J. ); Germain, R.R. )

    1989-01-01

    A review is presented of the heavy oil upgrading industry in Canada. Up to now it has been based on the processing of bitumen extracted from oil sands mining operations at two sites, to produce a residue-free, low sulphur, synthetic crude. Carbon rejection has been the prime process technology with delayed coking being used by Suncor and FLUID COKING at Syncrude. Alternative processes for recovering greater amounts of synthetic crude are examined. These include a variety of hydrogen addition processes and combinations which produce pipelineable materials requiring further processing in downstream refineries with expanded capabilities. The Newgrade Energy Inc. upgrader now under construction in Regina, will use fixed-bed, catalytic, atmospheric-residue, hydrogen processing. Two additional projects, also based on hydrogenation, will use ebullated bed catalyst systems; the expansion of Syncrude, now underway, is using the LC Fining Process whereas the announced Husky Bi-Provincial upgrader is based on H-Oil.

  18. Bitumen and heavy oil upgrading in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chrones, J.

    1988-06-01

    A review is presented of the heavy oil upgrading industry in Canada. Up to now it has been based on the processing of bitumen extracted from oil sands mining operations at two sites, to produce a residue-free, low sulfur, synthetic crude. Carbon rejection has been the prime process technology with delayed coking being used by Suncor and FLUID COKING at Syncrude. Alternative processes for recovering greater amounts of synthetic crude are examined. These include a variety of hydrogen addition processes and combinations which produce pipelineable materials requiring further processing in downstream refineries with expanded capabilities. The Newgrade Energy Inc. upgrader, now under construction in Regina, will use fixed-bed, catalytic, atmospheric-residue, hydrogen processing. Two additional products, also based on hydrogenation, will use ebullated bed catalyst systems: the expansion of Syncrude, now underway, is using the LC Fining Process whereas the announced Husky Bi-Provincial upgrader is based on H-Oil.

  19. Heavy oil development in Canada - The need for upgrading

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quinn, P.C.

    1987-01-01

    The author first reviews Canada's petroleum reserves, then summarizes the problem facing Canada regarding dwindling supplies of conventional light and medium crude oils and briefly describes Canada's refining capability. With that background, he attempts to analyze the problems that face heavy oil producers in attempting to market their product and propose a potential solution to these problems as illustrated by Husky Oil's approach - the construction of a heavy oil upgrader. He closes by sharing his views on the future of heavy oil development and the policy issues facing our governments.

  20. Canada's heavy oil, bitumen upgrading activity is growing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corbett, R.A.

    1989-06-26

    Heavy oil and bitumen upgrading activity in Canada is surging with the recent start-up of two new upgraders and with plans to build others. These new upgraders make use of modern hydrocracking technology. Articles in this special report on upgrading focus on Canada's oil and bitumen reserves, the promising technologies that upgrade them, and present details of some of the current upgrader projects. This article covers the following areas: Canada's heavy oils; Upgrading expands; Upgrading technologies; Test results; Regional upgraders; High-quality light product.

  1. Portal, ND Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

  2. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Connecticut Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 Website: www.transcanada.compowermarke Twitter: @TransCanada Outage Hotline: 1-800-447-8066 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

  3. TransCanada Energy Marketing ULC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marketing ULC Jump to: navigation, search Name: TransCanada Energy Marketing ULC Place: California References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861...

  4. Portal, ND Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Portal, ND Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 ...

  5. Portal, ND Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Portal, ND Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 0 2 - No Data Reported; -- ...

  6. Calais, ME Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Calais, ME Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 ...

  7. Calais, ME Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Calais, ME Compressed Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 1 24 19 15 3 8 23 22 2014 32 ...

  8. An Embarrassment Of Riches- Canada'S Energy Supply Resources...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    fuel-mix in Canada from 1870 to 1984, and the current provincial breakdown of energy production and use, we provide a source-by-source review of energy supply resources,...

  9. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 0 - No Data Reported; -- Not Applicable; ...

  10. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Price) Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA - No Data Reported; -- ...

  11. Canada Mexico Figure 11. Flow of natural gas exports, 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    8 Canada Mexico Figure 11. Flow of natural gas exports, 2014 (billion cubic feet) Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. ...

  12. North Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) North Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's ...

  13. North Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) North Troy, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 ...

  14. Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Power Marketing Ltd | Department of Energy docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd Application from TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. Application to export electric energy OE docket No. EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd (1.02 MB) More Documents & Publications EA-262-C TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd EA-262-A TransCanada Power Marketing Ltd

  15. MASTER Atomic Energy of Canada Limited

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Canada Limited ENERGY DISTRIBUTIONS OF NEUTRONS SCATTERED FROM GRAPHITE, LIGHT AND HEAVY WATER,ICE,ZIRCONIUM HY0RI0E,1ITHIUM HYORIOE,SOOIUM HYDRIDE AND CHLORIDE BY THE BERYLLIUM DETECTOR METHOD C R N P 9 4 8 b y A . D . B . W O O D S , B . N . B R O C K H O U S E , M. S A K A M O T O A N D R . N . S I N C L A I R P a p e r f o r P r e s e n t a t i o n a t t h e I A E A S y m p o s i u m on I n e l a s t i c S c a t t e r i n g o f N e u t r o n s i n S o l i d s a n d L i q u i d s , V i e n n

  16. PP-85-2 Boliden Westmin (Canada) Limited | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    5-2 Boliden Westmin (Canada) Limited PP-85-2 Boliden Westmin (Canada) Limited Presidential Permit authorizing Boliden Westmin (Canada) Limited to construct, operate and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada Border. PP-85-2 Boliden Westmin (Canada) Limited (744.86 KB) More Documents & Publications PP-85-3 Boliden Power Limited PP-85-A Westmin Mines, Inc. PP-85 Westmin Resources

  17. The role and future of nuclear power in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Runnalls, O.J.C.

    1989-01-01

    Canada is rich in energy. Hydraulic power is the main source of electricity in Canada. The availability of natural resources and energy has guided the economic development of all the provinces. The Canadian Nuclear Association sponsored a survey of public attitudes in May of 1988. There appears to be less understanding of the actual supply of electricity and of the future natural resource availability. One out of five Canadians strongly opposes the use of nuclear energy. The CANDU type reactor proven to be a very economical and reliable choice in Canada. With the attention now being focused on the greenhouse effect and acid rain in Canada, opinion leaders, even in the traditionally antinuclear environmental community, are reconsidering the nuclear option. A significant hurdle has to be cleared in the relatively near future: a public review of the deep geologic high-level waste disposal concept. Groundwork has been laid to prepare for significant participation in a nuclear renaissance, across Canada and around the world.

  18. U.S.-CANADA CLEAN ENERGY DIALOGUE (CED) THIRD REPORT TO LEADERS |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy U.S.-CANADA CLEAN ENERGY DIALOGUE (CED) THIRD REPORT TO LEADERS U.S.-CANADA CLEAN ENERGY DIALOGUE (CED) THIRD REPORT TO LEADERS The Third Report to the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Canada. Third Report to Leaders (537.32 KB) More Documents & Publications U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Report to Leaders

  19. 9000 wells planned for heavy oil field. [Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-05-01

    Beginning in 1983, Esso Resources Canada Ltd. will begin drilling the first of an estimated 9000 directional crude bitumen wells in the tar sands at Cold Lake, Alberta, Canada, the final wells being drilled in the year 2008. The area, covering 50 sq miles of extreme E. Alberta along the Saskatchewan border, contains one of the richest deposits of heavy oil sands in Canada. The company and future partners will drill the bitumen wells directionally into the shallow clearwater formation, which can be reached at approx. 100 m (330 ft). The formation contains an estimated 80 billion bbl of crude bitumen at a rate of 60,000 bpd for 25 yr. This volume of crude will be refined in an upgrading plant to 140,000 bpd of synthetic crude oil. When completed, the Cold Lake project will be one of the largest facilities for producing crude bitumen from wells in the world.

  20. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Champlain, NY Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 63 2015 1 2 1 2 20 2016 56 76 20 20 3 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Ga

  1. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-06

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

  2. Sweetgrass, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Sweetgrass, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2012 2 2013 3 5 4 6 9 8 5 8 7 5 7 5 2014 8 11 10 8 8 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 2015 5 4 5 5 5 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied

  3. Blackout 2003: U.S. - Canada Task Force Presents Final Report...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    U.S. Secretary of Energy, and the Honorable R. John Efford, Minister of Natural Resources Canada, released the Final Report of the U.S. -Canada Power System Outage Task Force. ...

  4. ,"Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","N9102CN3" "Date","Price of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand ...

  5. ,"Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0INCNUS-NCAMMCF" "Date","Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)" ...

  6. ,"Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0ENCNUS-NCAMMCF" "Date","Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)" ...

  7. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0NUS-NCAPMLDMCF" "Date","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (Dollars per ...

  8. EA-344 Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Order authorizing Twin Cities Power-Canada, LLC to export electric energy to Canada EA- ... EA-344-A Twin Cities Power EA-358 Twin Cities Energy, LLC EA-324 Emera Energy Services ...

  9. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Second Report to Leaders...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Report to the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Canada U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Second Report to Leaders More Documents & Publications...

  10. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Report to Leaders | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Report to Leaders U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Report to Leaders First Report to the Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the United States of America PDF icon...

  11. Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Truck to Canada...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Truck to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep...

  12. Price of Babb, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Babb, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Babb, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year...

  13. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Truck to Canada (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Truck to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 2 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0...

  14. Price of Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

  15. Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of the Last Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production Reactors in Russia Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of ...

  16. SEP and ISO 50001 at 3M Canada's Brockville Plant | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and ISO 50001 at 3M Canada's Brockville Plant SEP and ISO 50001 at 3M Canada's Brockville Plant Superior Energy Performance logo This presentation by 3M Canada discusses their successes implementing an ISO 50001 Energy Management System and participating in the Superior Energy Performance® (SEP(tm)) program at their Brockville, Ontario Tape Manufacturing facility. SEP and ISO 50001 at 3M Canada's Brockville Plant, 2014 (2.54 MB) More Documents & Publications Energy Efficiency: A Competitive

  17. U.S. and Canada Sign Statement of Intent on Nuclear Cleanup

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE and the Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) signed a Statement of Intent (SOI) at the Waste Management Conference.

  18. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-297-B SESCO Enterprises, Canada Ltd: Federal Register Notice Volume 76, No. 41- Mar. 2, 2011

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Application from SESCO Enterprises, Canada Ltd to export electric energy to Canada. Federal Register Notice Vol 76 No 41

  19. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Environment Canada released the U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II, outlining the next phase of activities the two countries will undertake to jointly advance clean energy technologies. CED Action Plan II_June 12 2012.pdf (618.5 KB) More Documents & Publications U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan

  20. Electricity transactions across international borders, 1985. [With Mexico, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-10-01

    This report summarizes the electricity exchange between the United States and Mexico and Canada during Calendar Year 1985. The construction, opration and maintenance of any electric transmission facility which crosses an international border of the United States requires a Presidential permit which has been granted by DOE. During 1985, the US imported 45,900,563 MWh of electric energy at a cost of $1,041,908,785. Of this total, 45,659,944 MWh were imported from Canada and the remainder (240,619 MWh) were received from Mexico. During this same period, US exports of electric energy totaled 4,964,930 MWh with gross revenues of $25,215,549. Of this, 4,812,537 MWh representing $22,068,665 in revenues were delivered to Canada, and 152,393 MWh representing $3,146,884 in revenues were delivered to Mexico. On a net basis, the US was an importer of 40,935,633 MWh of electric energy. These 1985 values constitute an increase of 8.1% in gross imports and an increase of 94.1% in gross exports compared to 1984 levels.

  1. Computer simulation of production from geothermal-geopressured aquifers. Final report, October 1, 1978 through January 31, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doherty, M.G.; Poonawala, N.A.

    1983-07-01

    The effort utilized a computer to interpret the results of well tests and compile data on gas solubility in brine and the viscosity of brine. A detailed computer reservoir study of a geopressured test well that had been abandoned as a dry hole but became a commercial producer of hydrocarbons is presented. A number of special topical reports pertaining to test activities performed on Department of Energy test wells (MG-T/DOE Amoco Fee No. 1 Well, Leroy Sweezy No. 1 Well, and Pleasant Bayou No. 2 Well) are appended. A referenced article written under this study that appeared in the Journal of Petroleum Technology is also reproduced.

  2. New sources of debt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, J.

    1996-04-01

    Financing of power projects in Latin America is discussed in this article. Financial arrangements for a cogeneration project in Chile and a generating plant in Argentina are outlined. The Chilean project, Petropower Energia Limitada, is a subsidiary of Foster Wheeler Corporation and Chile`s state owned oil company. The Central Termica Patagonia generating plant in Argentina will be built by Amoco Power Resources Corporation in partnership with Camuzzi Argentina. Very brief descriptions of funding for projects in Bolivia, Colombia, Brazil, and Ecuador are also provided.

  3. Ras Al Khaimah (RAK): World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01

    This paper reports on Ras Al Khalmah (RAK) that had no drilling activity in 1990. In 1991, International Petroleum Ltd., (IPL), which holds a 1,100 sq mi concession onshore, may spud their West Jiri prospect. Amoco holds an offshore concession and was to have completed seismic last year. the RAK Gas Commission was reported to be operating the offshore Saleh gas field in 1990, which a former foreign concessionaire relinquished in mid-1989 since it had reached its economic limit. Production from Saleh last year is estimated at 1,000 bcpd and about 9 MMcfgd.

  4. Firms still chasing C. I. S. deals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    More fields to open

    1992-06-01

    Foreign companies' pursuit of oil and gas ventures in the Commonwealth of Independent States continues unabated. This paper reports that Total has signed its third cooperation agreement with Russian partners, this one with Komineft to act as operator in development of Khariaga oil field in the Timan Pechora basin near the Arctic Circle west of the Urals. Amoco Eurasia Petroleum Co. officials have made progress in negotiations with the Azerbaijan republic on contracts to develop the Caspian Sea's giant Azeri oil field. Meanwhile, the Turkmenistan government has outlined plans to open more of the former Soviet republic's oil and gas fields to bids for joint development.

  5. BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada BC Hydro Brings Energy Savings to Low-Income Families in Canada The number of British Columbia, Canada, households eligible for Better Buildings Residential Network member BC Hydro's Energy Conservation Assistance Program (ECAP) just doubled. British Columbia Energy Minister Bill Bennett recently announced an increase in the low-income qualification cutoff for BC Hydro's free home energy-saving kits and

  6. Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mexico and the United States | Department of Energy Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States A Publication of The North American Energy Working Group on January 2005 Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States (155.3 KB) More Documents & Publications North America: Regulation of

  7. U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    , Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations Jonathan Male, PNNL, presentation at the December 5, 2012, Biomass Program-hosted International webinar on U.S., Canada, and Finland pyrolysis collaborations. male_2012_webinar.pdf (837.26 KB) More Documents & Publications Conversion Technologies for Advanced Biofuels - Bio-Oil Upgrading 2013 Peer Review Presentations-Bio-oil Bioenergy Technologies Office R&D Pathways: Fast Pyrolysis and

  8. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Photo by White House/Pete Souza. Photo by White House/Pete Souza. President Obama and Prime Minister Harper launched the U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) in February 2009 to encourage the development of clean energy technologies to reduce greenhouse gases and combat climate change in both countries. The CED is charged with: expanding clean energy research and development; developing and deploying clean energy

  9. Canada, Mexico and the United States Show Progress on North American Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Collaboration | Department of Energy Canada, Mexico and the United States Show Progress on North American Energy Collaboration Canada, Mexico and the United States Show Progress on North American Energy Collaboration June 3, 2016 - 3:48pm Addthis Canada, Mexico and the United States Show Progress on North American Energy Collaboration News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 DOENews@hq.doe.gov SAN FRANCISCO, Calif. - In support of the objectives of the 7th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) and

  10. Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 2 2016 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas to Canada

  11. How the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together How the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together March 10, 2016 - 4:57pm Addthis President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House in Washington. | Photo courtesy of the Government of Canada. President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House in Washington. | Photo courtesy of the Government of Canada. Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of

  12. International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 1.71 2.03 2.00 2.33 2000's 2.77 4.85 3.01 -- -- 11.20 -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages:

  13. International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Million Cubic Feet) International Falls, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 6,373 6,544 6,103 4,857 2000's 3,022 617 602 0 0 22 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  14. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Barbados Total To Brazil Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Canada Eastport, ID Calais, ME Detroit, MI Marysville, MI Port Huron, MI Crosby, ND Portal, ND Sault St. Marie, MI St. Clair, MI Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Buffalo, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Egypt Freeport, TX Total to India

  15. Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool for Canada

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2011-11-29

    The Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool for Canada uses chemical stoichiometry to estimate Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Carbon atom availability from waste water and carbon dioxide emissions streams, and requirements for those same elements to produce a unit of algae. This information is then combined to find limiting nutrient information and estimate potential productivity associated with waste water and carbon dioxide sources. Output is visualized in terms of distributions or spatial locations. Distances are calculated betweenmore » points of interest in the model using the great circle distance equation, and the smallest distances found by an exhaustive search and sort algorithm.« less

  16. Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool for Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-11-29

    The Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool for Canada uses chemical stoichiometry to estimate Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Carbon atom availability from waste water and carbon dioxide emissions streams, and requirements for those same elements to produce a unit of algae. This information is then combined to find limiting nutrient information and estimate potential productivity associated with waste water and carbon dioxide sources. Output is visualized in terms of distributions or spatial locations. Distances are calculated between points of interest in the model using the great circle distance equation, and the smallest distances found by an exhaustive search and sort algorithm.

  17. EVG USAIX, Svergreen chalk River Liaison Office Ontario, Canada

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    and Special Nuc.lear ?kk?rials kcc+ntabilitg EVG USAIX, Svergreen chalk River Liaison Office Ontario, Canada iulff USAEC, Washington Office See Div. of Rak Materials c~!:KRGO O?ER.i~TIONS ---.-- :ri:i!k USAZC, Ctricago Opnrations Office AGT General Electric Company AN? Project A.J,I Argonne Nat'1 Lab. AYL Al-tonne Nat'1 Lab. B XI Battelle Xfemorial Inst. CKX Vi.l;ro Carp, of America Em USAEC, East Hartford Area a TSC Ioxa State College ITS General Electric Company ANP Jk!pt, -%IAO IJSAK;,

  18. Twenty Years of Underground Research at Canada's URL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, N. A.

    2003-02-27

    Construction of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL's) Underground Research Laboratory (URL) began in 1982. The URL was designed to address the needs of the Canadian nuclear fuel waste management program. Over the years, a comprehensive program of geologic characterization and underground hydrogeologic, geotechnical and geomechanical projects have been performed, many of which are ongoing. The scientific work at the URL has evolved through a number of different phases to meet the changing needs of Canada's waste management program. The various phases of the URL have included siting, site evaluation, construction and operation. Collaboration with international organizations is encouraged at the URL, with the facility being a centre of excellence in an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) network of underground facilities. One of AECL's major achievements of the past 20 year program has been the preparation and public defense of a ten-volume Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for a conceptual deep geologic repository. Completion of this dissertation on the characterization, construction and performance modeling of a conceptual repository in the granite rock of the Canadian Shield was largely based on work conducted at the URL. Work conducted over the seven years since public defense of the EIS has been directed towards developing those engineering and performance assessment tools that would be required for implementation of a deep geologic repository. The URL continues to be a very active facility with ongoing experiments and demonstrations performed for a variety of Canadian and international radioactive waste management organizations.

  19. Tritium handling experience at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suppiah, S.; McCrimmon, K.; Lalonde, S.; Ryland, D.; Boniface, H.; Muirhead, C.; Castillo, I.

    2015-03-15

    Canada has been a leader in tritium handling technologies as a result of the successful CANDU reactor technology used for power production. Over the last 50 to 60 years, capabilities have been established in tritium handling and tritium management in CANDU stations, tritium removal processes for heavy and light water, tritium measurement and monitoring, and understanding the effects of tritium on the environment. This paper outlines details of tritium-related work currently being carried out at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). It concerns the CECE (Combined Electrolysis and Catalytic Exchange) process for detritiation, tritium-compatible electrolysers, tritium permeation studies, and tritium powered batteries. It is worth noting that AECL offers a Tritium Safe-Handling Course to national and international participants, the course is a mixture of classroom sessions and hands-on practical exercises. The expertise and facilities available at AECL is ready to address technological needs of nuclear fusion and next-generation nuclear fission reactors related to tritium handling and related issues.

  20. Implementing Arrangement Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Department of Natural Resources of Canada and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited For Collaboration in the Area of Nuclear Research

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Implementing Arrangement Between the U.S. Department of Energy and the Department of Natural Resources of Canada and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited For Collaboration in the Area of Nuclear Research

  1. An update of a national database of low-level radioactive waste in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De, P.L.; Barker, R.C.

    1993-03-01

    This paper gives an overview and update of a national database of low-level radioactive waste in Canada. To provide a relevant perspective, Canadian data are compared with US data on annual waste arisings and with disposal initiatives of the US compacts and states. Presented also is an assessment of the data and its implications for disposal solutions in Canada.

  2. U.S., Canada pipeline work shows gain in 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, J.

    1994-01-01

    Pipeline construction activity in the US and Canada is expected to be down slightly during 1994 from 1993 mileage, even though natural gas pipeline work remains steady on both sides of the border. Pipeline and Gas Journal and Pipeline and Utilities Construction estimate that a total of 3.638 miles of new gas, crude oil and refined products pipeline will be installed during 1994 in the US, down from a total of 4.278 miles built in 1993. Canadian 1994 work remains essentially unchanged in 1994, with 1,094 new miles compared to 1,091 miles in 1993. This paper reviews the proposed construction by region and company. It includes information on mileage, type pipeline, and estimated completion date.

  3. New noncatalytic heavy-oil process developed in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, I.P.; Souhrada, F.; Woods, H.J.

    1982-11-22

    Describes Gulf Canada's hydrogen addition upgrading process, named Donor Refined Bitumen (DRB), which involves the pyrolysis of the residuum portion of the bitumen or heavy oil in the presence of an efficient hydrogen donor that stabilizes the intermediates from the pyrolyzing bitumen. Advantages are high operability and reliability, low capital and operating costs, high yields and good product quality, feedstock and independence, the use of conventional refinery equipment, and ready availability of high quality donor. Presents a schematic flow sheet of the DRB process showing how bitumen is upgraded sufficiently to allow easy pipelining to a central major upgrading plant. Tables give comparative compositional data on middle distillates; naptha compositions and qualities; and operating costs.

  4. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited LIQUID DYNAMICS FROM NEUTRON SPECTROMETRY

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Atomic Energy of Canada Limited LIQUID DYNAMICS FROM NEUTRON SPECTROMETRY CRNP-1121 by B.N. BRO CKHOUSE, J. BERGSMA, B.A. D A S A N N A C H A R Y A a n d N.K. POPE C h a l k River, O n t a r i o O c t o b e r , 1962 AECL-1576 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. L E G A L N O T I C E T h i s r e p o r t h a s b e e n r e l e a s e d t o t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s A t o m i c E n e r g

  5. Canada Geese at the Hanford Site Trends in Reproductive Success, Migration Patterns, and Contaminant Concentrations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, Mary Ann; Poston, Ted M.; Tiller, Brett L.; Stegen, Amanda; Hand, Kristine D.; Brandenberger, Jill M.

    2010-05-25

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has conducted several studies for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to evaluate the status and condition of Canada geese on the Hanford Reach of the Columbia River. This report summarizes results of studies of Canada geese (Branta canadensis moffitti) at the Hanford Site dating back to the 1950s. Results include information on the nesting (reproductive) success of Canada geese using the Hanford Reach, review of the local and regional migration of this species using data from bird banding studies, and summary data describing monitoring and investigations of the accumulation of Hanford-derived and environmental contaminants by resident goose populations.

  6. Canada is putting teeth into its price fixing and rigging laws

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McWilliams, H.

    1991-12-01

    This paper reports that attendees at the 24th annual Transportation Symposium sponsored by the Propane Gas Association of Canada (PGAC) and held in Calgary, Alberta Oct. 23-24 heard some straight talk about renewed interest in enforcing Canada's Competition Act. Three years ago, a senior official of the Bureau of Competition Policy called certain price-related offenses under the Competition Act the most serious of economic crimes and declared that their enforcement is the cornerstone of Canada's competition laws. With this in mind, the Bureau intends to deal firmly with both business and individuals who engage in such practices.

  7. Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 1 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Buffalo, NY Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada

  8. Crosby, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Crosby, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Crosby, ND Liquefied Natural Gas to Canada

  9. U.S. Partners with Canada to Renew Funding for World's Largest

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    International CO2 Storage Project in Depleted Oil Fields | Department of Energy U.S. Partners with Canada to Renew Funding for World's Largest International CO2 Storage Project in Depleted Oil Fields U.S. Partners with Canada to Renew Funding for World's Largest International CO2 Storage Project in Depleted Oil Fields July 20, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Natural Resources Canada announced today a total of $5.2 million has been committed by

  10. Sumas, WA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Sumas, WA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 5 2015 4 4 2 1 2016 1 2 1 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Sumas, WA LNG Imports from Canada

  11. LPG emergency response training

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dix, R.B.; Newton, B.

    1995-12-31

    ROVER (Roll Over Vehicle for Emergency Response) is a specially designed and constructed unit built to allow emergency response personnel and LPG industry employees to get ``up close and personal`` with the type of equipment used for the highway transportation of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). This trailer was constructed to simulate an MC 331 LPG trailer. It has all the valves, piping and emergency fittings found on highway tankers. What makes this unit different is that it rolls over and opens up to allow program attendees to climb inside the trailer and see it in a way they have never seen one before. The half-day training session is composed of a classroom portion during which attendees will participate in a discussion of hazardous material safety, cargo tank identification and construction. The specific properties of LPG, and the correct procedures for dealing with an LPG emergency. Attendees will then move outside to ROVER, where they will participate in a walkaround inspection of the rolled over unit. All fittings and piping will be representative of both modern and older equipment. Participants will also be able to climb inside the unit through a specially constructed hatch to view cutaway valves and interior construction. While the possibility of an LPG emergency remains remote, ROVER represents Amoco`s continuing commitment to community, education, and safety.

  12. DME: The next market breakthrough or a methanol-related fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gradassi, M.J.; Basu, A.; Fleisch, T.H.; Masin, J.G.

    1995-12-31

    Amoco has been involved for several years in the development of technology for the synthesis of liquid fuels from remote natural gas. In a recent collaborative work with Haldor Topsoe S/A, AVL LIST GmbH and Navistar, Amoco identified Dimethyl Ether (DME) as a new, ultraclean alternative fuel for diesel engines. DME can be handled like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), itself an important alternative transportation fuel. However, unlike most other fuels, the raw exhaust of diesel engines fueled with DME satisfies California 1998 ULEV (Ultra Low Emission Vehicle) standards, now. DME`s greenhouse gas emissions, measured from cradle-to-grave, are lowest among all transportation fuel alternatives. Today, DME is manufactured from methanol and is used primarily as an aerosol propellant because of its attractive physical properties and its environmentally benign characteristics. Haldor Topsoe S/A developed a process for the direct production of DME from natural gas. The process can be used for the large scale manufacture of DME using predominantly single-train process units. When manufactured at large scale, DME can be produced and marketed at a cost comparable to conventional transportation fuels. The market driven demand for DME as a transportation fuel is envisioned to grow in three stages. Initially, DME is envisioned to be produced via methanol dehydration, followed by retrofits, and lastly by large scale dedicated plants. DME fuel demonstration fleet tests are scheduled to commence during 1996. Today`s methanol producer likely also will be tomorrow`s DME producer.

  13. FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF A MEMBRANE PROCESS TO RECOVER HEAVY HYDROCARBONS AND TO REMOVE WATER FROM NATURAL GAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Baker; T. Hofmann; J. Kaschemekat; K.A. Lokhandwala; Membrane Group; Module Group; Systems Group

    2001-01-11

    The objective of this project is to design, construct and field demonstrate a 3-MMscfd membrane system to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) and remove water from raw natural gas. An extended field test to demonstrate system performance under real-world conditions is required to convince industry users of the efficiency and reliability of the process. The system will be designed and fabricated by Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. (MTR) and then installed and operated at British Petroleum (BP)-Amoco's Pascagoula, MS plant. The Gas Research Institute will partially support the field demonstration and BP-Amoco will help install the unit and provide onsite operators and utilities. The gas processed by the membrane system will meet pipeline specifications for dewpoint and Btu value and can be delivered without further treatment to the pipeline. Based on data from prior membrane module tests, the process is likely to be significantly less expensive than glycol dehydration followed by propane refrigeration, the principal competitive technology. At the end of this demonstration project the process will be ready for commercialization. The route to commercialization will be developed during this project and may involve collaboration with other companies already servicing the natural gas processing industry.

  14. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Second Report to Leaders

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    President Obama and Prime Minister Harper: As the delegated co-leads for the U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue, we are pleased to take this opportunity to update you on the ...

  15. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd (New Hampshire) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: New Hampshire Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 Website: www.transcanada.comindex.html Twitter: @TransCanada Outage Hotline: 1-800-447-8066 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  16. Department of Energy, Shell Canada to Collaborate on CO2 Storage Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) and Shell Canada announced today they intend to collaborate in field tests to validate advanced monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) technologies for underground storage of carbon dioxide (CO2).

  17. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (CED) Action Plan II

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Action Plan II describes initiatives that the U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Working Groups plan to implement under Phase II of the CED to further progress toward a low-carbon economy that...

  18. EXC-13-0004- In the Matter of Liebherr Canada Ltd.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On November 6, 2013, OHA issued a decision granting an Application for Exception filed by Liebherr Canada Ltd. (Liebherr).  In its Application, Liebherr sought relief from the provisions of 10 C.F...

  19. U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Implementation of Task Force Recommendations | Department of Energy - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the Implementation of Task Force Recommendations U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the Implementation of Task Force Recommendations On August 14, 2003, the largest power blackout in North American history affected an area with an estimated 50 million people and 61,800 megawatts (MW) of electric load in the states of Ohio, Michigan,

  20. Guidance on Implementing the Agreement Between Canada and the United States of America on Government Procurement

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    RECOVERY ACT BUY AMERICAN GUIDANCE ON IMPLEMENTING THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ON GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT EFFECTIVE DATE: May 24, 2010 SUBJECT: IMPLICATIONS OF THE AGREEMENT BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ON GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT FOR EERE RECOVERY ACT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE RECIPIENTS IMPLEMENTING THE BUY AMERICAN PROVISION PURPOSE: Section 1605 (the Buy American provision) of the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) will

  1. Babb, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Babb, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 5 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas

  2. The Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Office: Thirty Years of Experience in Canada - 13308

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benitez, Liliana; Gardiner, Mark J.; Zelmer, Robert L.; Gardiner, Mark J.; Zelmer, Robert L.

    2013-07-01

    This paper reviews thirty years of progress by the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Office (LLRWMO) in developing and implementing low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) remediation projects and environmentally safe co-existence strategies. It reports on the present status and the future of the national historic waste program in Canada. There are over two million cubic metres of historic LLRW in Canada. Historic LLRW is broadly defined as LLRW that was managed in the past in a manner that is no longer considered acceptable and for which the original owner cannot reasonably be held accountable. In many cases, the original owner can not be identified or no longer exists. The LLRWMO was established in 1982 as Canada's agent to carry out the responsibilities of the federal government for the management of historic LLRW. The LLRWMO is operated by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) through a cost-recovery agreement with Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), the federal department that provides the funding and establishes national policy for radioactive waste management in Canada. The LLRWMO expertise includes project managers, environmental remediation specialists, radiation surveyors, communications staff and administrative support staff. The LLRWMO in providing all aspects of project oversight and implementation contracts additional resources supplementing core staff capacity as project/program demands require. (authors)

  3. Overview of the Government of Canada Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program - 13551

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalfe, D.; McCauley, D.; Miller, J.; Brooks, S.

    2013-07-01

    Nuclear legacy liabilities have resulted from more than 60 years of nuclear research and development carried out on behalf of Canada. The liabilities are located at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL) Chalk River Laboratories in Ontario and Whiteshell Laboratories in Manitoba, as well as three shutdown prototype reactors in Ontario and Quebec that are being maintained in a safe storage state. Estimated at about $7.4 billion (current day dollars), these liabilities consist of disused nuclear facilities and associated infrastructure, a wide variety of buried and stored waste, and contaminated lands. In 2006, the Government of Canada adopted a long-term strategy to deal with the nuclear legacy liabilities and initiated a five-year, $520 million start-up phase, thereby creating the Nuclear Legacy Liabilities Program (NLLP). The Government of Canada renewed the NLLP in 2011 with a $439-million three-year second phase that ends March 31, 2014. The projects and activities carried out under the Program focus on infrastructure decommissioning, environmental restoration, improving the management of legacy radioactive waste, and advancing the long-term strategy. The NLLP is being implemented through a Memorandum of Understanding between Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) and AECL whereby NRCan is responsible for policy direction and oversight, including control of funding, and AECL is responsible for implementing the program of work and holding and administering all licences, facilities and lands. (authors)

  4. United States, Canada and Mexico Release the "North American Natural Gas

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vision" | Department of Energy and Mexico Release the "North American Natural Gas Vision" United States, Canada and Mexico Release the "North American Natural Gas Vision" February 25, 2005 - 10:29am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -- The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG), a group of senior energy officials from Canada, Mexico and the United States, today released the "North American Natural Gas Vision," a trilateral report by the three governments that

  5. ,"Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","6/2016" ,"Release Date:","08/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","09/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  6. ,"Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","6/2016" ,"Release Date:","08/31/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","09/30/2016" ,"Excel File

  7. Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 88 139 139 79 109 2014 41 23 2015 46 39 34 41 41 39 40 41 43 37 2016 41 38 43 55 110 112 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date:

  8. Port Huron, MI Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Port Huron, MI Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 1 2014 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2015 1 1 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Port Huron, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canad

  9. Third Report to the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Canada on

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Third Report to the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of Canada Submitted by: The Honorable Ernest J. Moniz The Honourable Leona Aglukkaq Secretary of Energy Minister of Environment United States of America Canada 1 CONTENTS Collaboration on Clean Energy Technology and Climate Change ................................................................. 1 Reporting on Results

  10. Blackout 2003: The August 14, 2003 Blackout One Year Later: Actions Taken in the United States and Canada To Reduce Blackout Risk

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A report to the US-Canada Power System Outage Task Force on steps taken in the United States and Canada to reduce blackout risk one year after the August 14, 2003 blackout.

  11. Blackout 2003: Energy Secretary Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Lunn Release the 2003 Power Outage Final Report, October 3, 2006

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Secretary Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Lunn Release the 2003 Power Outage Final Report. In accordance with the mandate of the U.S.-Canada Power Outage Task Force, the...

  12. [Ship-Source Oil Pollution Fund (Canada)]. Annual report, 1997--1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-31

    This paper is the annual report of the Fund, established by amendment to the Canada Shipping Act in April 1989. This report presents information on new legislation, contributions to the International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund, and summaries of oil spill incidents.

  13. Unique Regulatory Approach for Licensing the Port Hope Remediation Project in Canada - 13315

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kostova, M.; Howard, D.; Elder, P.

    2013-07-01

    The Port Hope remediation project is a part of a larger initiative of the Canadian Federal Government the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI) which is based upon a community proposal. The Government of Canada, through Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is investing $1.28 billion over 10 years to clean up historic low-level radioactive waste in the Port Hope Area and to provide long-term safe management of the low-level radioactive wastes in the Port Hope Area. These wastes arose from the activities of a former Federal Crown Corporation (Eldorado Nuclear) and its private sector predecessors. In Canada, historic waste are defined as low-level radioactive waste that was managed in a manner no longer considered acceptable, but for which the original producer cannot reasonably be held responsible or no longer exists and for which the Federal Government has accepted responsibility. In Canada, under the current regulatory framework, the environmental remediation is not considered as a distinct phase of the nuclear cycle. The regulatory approach for dealing with existing sites contaminated with radioactive residues is defined on the basis of risk and application of existing regulations. A unique regulatory approach was taken by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) to address the various licensing issues and to set out the requirements for licensing of the Port Hope Project within the current regulatory framework. (authors)

  14. Revenue surge to sustain drilling in U.S. and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.; Petzet, G.A.

    1997-01-27

    Drilling activity in the US and Canada will remain strong in 1997 after increasing in 1996. Oil and Gas Journal figures indicate that rising oil and gas prices provided operators during 1996 with their highest wellhead revenues since 1985. This portends robust capital and exploration spending as long as operators follow through with plans revealed in recent weeks. Also encouraging operators to boost drilling programs are economically juicy plays in the Gulf of Mexico, Gulf Coast, and several other onshore areas. A group of major oil companies indicated plans to increase US exploratory drilling this year against a slight dip in total US drilling. And Canada is matching or exceeding forecasters` expectations, with no letup in view from its last few years` pace of 11,000--12,000 wells/year. The paper discusses US economics, year to year performance, activities of the major oil companies, and Canadian activities.

  15. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 2 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 2 2013 3 5 4 6 9 8 5 8 7 5 2014 8 12 11 9 9 7 7 7 6 7 7 8 2015 6 4 6 6 6 6 5 0 2 0 1 0 2016 2 0 0 0 0 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company

  16. Nafta due to end most barriers to trade among U. S. , Mexico, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-24

    This paper reports that energy companies in the U.S. will benefit --- but not as much as they had hoped --- from the recently drafted North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta) among the U.S., Mexico, and Canada. Nafta would remove most of the trade barriers between Mexico and the other two countries and supplement the U.S. - Canada Free Trade Agreement to create an open market in North America totaling $6 trillion/year in products and serving more than 360 million persons. Nafta was negotiated under a law that allows Congress to consider the pact for only 90 days, then vote on it without amendments. The pact marks the first time the U.S. has covered environmental concerns in a trade treaty, mainly pollution along the U.S.-Mexico border. The pact also is consistent with the international General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).

  17. Blackout 2003: U.S.- Canada Task Force Presents Final Report onBlackout of August 2003

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    August 14, 2003, saw the worst blackout in North American history. Today, Spencer Abraham, U.S. Secretary of Energy, and the Honorable R. John Efford, Minister of Natural Resources Canada, released...

  18. U.S. and Canada Sign Agreement to Enhance Collaboration in Civilian Nuclear Energy Research and Development

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Ernest Moniz and Natural Resources of Canada Minister Greg Rickford today signed an Implementing Arrangement among the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Department of Natural Resources of Canada (NRCan) and Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) to increase collaboration in the area of civilian nuclear energy research and development (R&D). Through the International Nuclear Energy Research Initiative (INERI), the Implementing Arrangement establishes a framework for R&D collaboration between the United States and Canada aimed at improving the cost, safety, efficiency and proliferation resistance of nuclear energy systems in the civilian sector. The Implementing Arrangement signed today provides for technical areas of collaboration in nuclear safety, reactor lifetime management, advanced reactor technologies, nuclear materials and fuels, modeling and simulation, and used fuel recycling and disposition technologies.

  19. Energy Secretary Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Lunn Release the 2003 Power Outage Final Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Gary Lunn, today released the final report on the power outage that affected 50...

  20. Energy Secretary Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Lunn Release the 2003 Power Outage Final Report

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Gary Lunn, today released the final report on the power outage that affected 50 million North Americans in August 2003.

  1. "Changing Natural Gas Pipeline Throughputs in Canada"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Changing Natural Gas Pipeline Throughputs in Canada" Presented at 2015 EIA Energy Conference June 15, 2015 Margaret Skwara, National Energy Board Abha Bhargava, National Energy Board * National Energy Board Act * LNG Export and Import Licence Applications (summary and links to LNG export licence applications) * Market Snapshots (energy information updates; weekly updates) * Energy Futures Report (long term projections of supply and demand; Nov 2015 new release) * Regulatory Document Index

  2. Expander-gas processing plant converted to boost C3 recovery at Canada's Judy Creek

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, S.A.

    1985-06-03

    This article discusses Esso Resources Canada Ltd's conversion of its Judy Creek cryogenic expander gas plant in Alberta to a process which can boost recovery of propane and heavier hydrocarbons. After conversion, propane recovery at the plant increased from 72% to 95%. At constant plant feed rates, 100% propane recovery has been recorded. The total investment for the conversion, less than $750,000, was paid out in under 6 months.

  3. Havre, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Million Cubic Feet) Havre, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's 1,309 NA NA 0 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  4. Port Huron, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Million Cubic Feet) Port Huron, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2016 262 278 16 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S.

  5. The influence of coyotes on an urban Canada goose population in the Chicago metropolitan area

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Justin L.; /Ohio State U.

    2007-01-01

    Canada geese (Branta canadensis) have become common in many urban areas, often creating nuisance problems for human residents. The presence of urban geese has raised concerns about the spread of disease, increased erosion, excessive noise, eutrophication of waterways, and general nuisance problems. Goose populations have grown due to an increase in urbanization resulting in an abundance of high quality food (urban grass) and suitable nesting sites, as well as a decrease in some predators. I monitored nest predation in the Chicago suburbs during the 2004 and 2005 nesting seasons using 3 nest monitoring techniques to identify predators: video cameras, plasticine eggs, and sign from nest using a classification tree analysis. Of 58 nests monitored in 2004 and 286 in 2005, only raccoons (Procyon lotor) and coyotes (Canis latrans) were identified as nest predators. Raccoons were responsible for 22-25% of depredated nests, but were rarely capable of depredating nests that were actively defended by a goose. Coyotes were responsible for 75-78% of all Canada goose nest depredation and were documented killing one adult goose and feeding on several others. The coyote is a top-level predator that had increased in many metropolitan areas in recent years. To determine if coyotes were actively hunting geese or eggs during the nesting season, I analyzed coyote habitat selection between nesting and pre-nesting or post-nesting seasons. Coyote home ranges (95% Minimum Convex Polygon) were calculated for 19 coyotes to examine third order habitat selection related to goose nest abundance. A 100 m buffer (buffer habitat) was created and centered on each waterway edge and contained 90% of all nests. Coyotes showed selection for habitats during all seasons. Buffer habitat was the top ranked habitat in both pre-nesting and nesting seasons, but dropped to third ranked in post-nesting season. Habitat selection across seasons was compared using a repeated measures MANOVA. Habitat selection

  6. Computer simulation of production from geothermal-geopressured aquifers. Final report, October 1, 1978-January 31, 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doherty, M.G.; Poonawala, N.A.

    1983-07-01

    This is the final report on research conducted to improve the technical and scientific understanding of geopressured and geothermal resources. The effort utilized a computer to interpret the results of well tests and compile data on gas solubility in brine and the viscosity of brine. A detailed computer reservoir study of a geopressured test well that had been abandoned as a dry hole but became a commercial producer of hydrocarbons is presented. A number of special topical reports pertaining to test activities performed on Department of Energy test wells (MG-T/DOE Amoco Fee No. 1 Well, Leroy Sweezy No. 1 Well, and Pleasant Bayou No. 2 Well) are appended to the report. A referenced article written under this study that appeared in the Journal of Petroleum Technology is also reproduced.

  7. THE KFIB EXPERIMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Youngblood, Gerald E.; Senor, David J.; Jones, Russell H.; Kowbel, W.; Kohyama, A.

    2000-06-30

    Several rod-shaped specimens with uniaxially packed fibers (Hi-Nicalon™, Hi-Nicalon™ Type S, Tyranno™ SA and Amoco K1100™ types) in a pre-ceramic polymer matrix were fabricated. By using appropriate analytic models, the bare fiber thermal conductivity (Kf) will be determined as a function of temperature up to 1000°C before and after irradiation for samples cut from these rods. Preliminary thermal conductivity data for unirradiated fibers (Hi-Nicalon™ and Tyranno™ SA-B SiC and K1100™ graphite) and for three types of unirradiated composites made from these fibers (2D-Nicalon S/SiC multilayer/CVI-SiC, 3D-Nicalon S/PIP-SiC, and 2D-8HS Tyrannohex™ HP) are presented.

  8. Big ones needed to 'sweeten the pot'

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rountree, R.

    1983-09-01

    Up to the present, there has been little encouragement outside the 20-mile-wide, 60-mile-long producing western in Northeastern Utah and south-trend Wyoming. There is, however, a lot of real estate left to explore and a number of companies remain aggressive in the search. Within the Utah-Wyoming Fairway there still is a considerable amount of work to do in and around established field areas. The emphasis is on exploration and development drilling from Pineview Field in Summit County, Utah to the Glasscock Hollow area in Uinta County, Wyoming. In early August, there were eleven drillings rigs at work in Anschutz Ranch East Field, including two drilling for The Anschutz Corp. in the east lobe of the field, one drilling for Champlin Petroleum in the southern portion of the west lobe, and eight rigs were drilling for Amoco Production Co.

  9. Ethanol from biomass: A status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, R.

    1996-12-31

    Programmatic and technical activities of SWAN Biomass, a company formed by Amoco Corporation and Stone & Webster, to convert non-grain biomass material to ethanol, are highlighted in this presentation. The potential ethanol markets identified are: (1) fuel oxygenate and octane additive, and (2) waste reduction in the agricultural and forestry industries and in municipal waste streams. Differences in the SWAN process from that used in corn-based ethanol facilities include more intense pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass, different enzymes, hydrolysis and fermentation of sugar polymers is performed in the same vessel, and a typical solid residue of lignin. The major market and technical risks have been assessed as being manageable. 8 figs., 8 tabs.

  10. Materials performance at the Wilsonville Coal Liquefaction Facility, 1989--1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keiser, J.R. ); Patko, A.J. . Southern Clean Fuels Div.)

    1991-01-01

    The Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama, is funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and Amoco Corporation. On behalf of these organizations, Southern Company Services manages and Southern Clean Fuels Division of Southern Electric International operates the Wilsonville facility. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) receives funding from DOE to provide materials technical support to the Wilsonville operators. For the period July 1987 through November 1990 the plant was operated with two reactors a thermal reactor and a catalytic reactor in a close-coupled integrated two-stage liquefaction mode. Coal processed was obtained from several seams including Ohio No. 6, Illinois No. 6, and Pittsburgh No. 8, as well as Texas lignite and several subbituminous coals. Corrosion samples which were removed for examination at the end of this period were exposed in the vacuum distillation tower, the atmospheric distillation tower, the high pressure separator, and first stage reactor.

  11. Rocky Mountain Basins Produced Water Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Historical records for produced water data were collected from multiple sources, including Amoco, British Petroleum, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, United States Geological Survey (USGS), Wyoming Oil and Gas Commission (WOGC), Denver Earth Resources Library (DERL), Bill Barrett Corporation, Stone Energy, and other operators. In addition, 86 new samples were collected during the summers of 2003 and 2004 from the following areas: Waltman-Cave Gulch, Pinedale, Tablerock and Wild Rose. Samples were tested for standard seven component "Stiff analyses", and strontium and oxygen isotopes. 16,035 analyses were winnowed to 8028 unique records for 3276 wells after a data screening process was completed. [Copied from the Readme document in the zipped file available at http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil-gas/Software/database.html] Save the Zipped file to your PC. When opened, it will contain four versions of the database: ACCESS, EXCEL, DBF, and CSV formats. The information consists of detailed water analyses from basins in the Rocky Mountain region.

  12. Presentation title: This can be up to 2 lines

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Genealogy of major U.S. refiners 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Amoco SOHIO BP ARCO Mapco Williams Clark Refining 1/89 12/98 4/00 3/98 Orion Diamond Shamrock Ultramar k 12/96 7/03 Ultramar Diamond Shamrock (UDS) Total North America UDS 9/97 Valero Salomon (Basis) Valero Williams BP BP b BP-Husky Refining LLC (jv) Husky Huntway 5/97 6/01 9/05 Valero Premcor g Valero Valero Valero 12/01 7/94 e 12/98 f Carlyle Group y Coastal 3/03 d 12/88 a 6/01 o Sun Company

  13. 275px-Lap_1%2C_Turn_1_Canada_2008_0.jpg | OSTI, US Dept of Energy Office of

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Scientific and Technical Information 275px-Lap_1%2C_Turn_1_Canada_2008_0

  14. Fact #832: August 4, 2014 Over Half of the Refueling Stations in the U.S. and Canada Sell Diesel Fuel- Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #832: Over Half of the Refueling Stations in the U.S. and Canada Sell Diesel Fuel

  15. Proposals in for Czech firms; cooperation likely with eastern Germany

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alperowicz, N.

    1993-02-10

    Two Western groups - Shell and a consortium made up of Agip, Conoco, and Total - have offered to buy the refining operations of Chemopetrol Litvinov and Kaucuk Kralupy, both in the Czech republic. Meanwhile, Amoco, Neste, and PCD are looking at the possibility of acquiring some of the plastics plants at Litvinov. Amoco is interested in the polypropylene operations, Neste in polyethylene, and PCD in both. The two Czech firms are included in the second wave of privatization, which will begin in midyear. So far, there have been no offers for the 80,000-m.t./year polystyrene and 60,000-m.t./year styrene butadiene rubber operations belonging to Kralupy, although Atochem representatives recently visited the plants. Litvinov is carrying out revamping operations at its core unit, a 12-year-old, 450,000-m.t./year ethylene plant. The plant, currently running at 400,000 m.t./year, supplies downstream plants, Neratovice, and sells on the export markets. An existing ethylene pipeline between Litvinov and Bohlen in eastern Germany, which used to supply an average 100,000 m.t./year of ethylene to Bohen in exchange for naphtha, is virtually unused. One proposal involves reactivating this exchange to secure ethylene feedstock for plants in eastern Germany. According to some sources, a preliminary decision has been made to shut down the 100,000-m.t./year ethylene plant at Leuna and possibly to expand the Bohlen cracker by 100,000 m.t./year, to 400,000 m.t./year by the late 1990s.

  16. Port of Del Bonita, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Port Huron, MI Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 1 2014 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2015 1 1 1 1 1 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Port Huron, MI LNG Exports to All Countries

    to Canada (Million

  17. Annual bulletin of coal statistics for Europe-1983. [Europe, Canada, USA, USSR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is a series of statistical tables documenting the production, trade, and consumption of coal in Europe, Canada, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Balance sheets of solid forms of energy are provided for hard coal, patent fuel, and coke; and for brown coal, brown coal briquettes, and brown coal coke. Data are provided on hard coal mines and on brown coal mines for production, employment and productivity of labor. Other tables list imports of solid fuels by country, exports of solid fuels by country, and world production of solid fuels.

  18. Havre, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Havre, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's 3.66 NA NA -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of

  19. Port Huron, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Port Huron, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2016 2.07 2.06 2.21 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of

  20. Integrated Canada-U.S. Power Sector Modeling with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, A.; Eurek, K.; Mai, T.; Perry, A.

    2013-02-01

    The electric power system in North America is linked between the United States and Canada. Canada has historically been a net exporter of electricity to the United States. The extent to which this remains true will depend on the future evolution of power markets, technology deployment, and policies. To evaluate these and related questions, we modify the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to include an explicit representation of the grid-connected power system in Canada to the continental United States. ReEDS is unique among long-term capacity expansion models for its high spatial resolution and statistical treatment of the impact of variable renewable generation on capacity planning and dispatch. These unique traits are extended to new Canadian regions. We present example scenario results using the fully integrated Canada-U.S. version of ReEDS to demonstrate model capabilities. The newly developed, integrated Canada-U.S. ReEDS model can be used to analyze the dynamics of electricity transfers and other grid services between the two countries under different scenarios.

  1. Port Radium Canada's Original Radium/Uranium Mine, The Complete Story of Canada's Historic Radium/Uranium Mine, 1932 to 2012 - 13159

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chambers, Doug; Wiatzka, Gerd; Brown, Steve

    2013-07-01

    This paper provides the life story of Canada's original radium/uranium mine. In addition to the history of operations, it discusses the unique and successful approach used to identify the key issues and concerns associated with the former radium, uranium and silver mining property and the activities undertaken to define the remedial actions and subsequent remedial plan. The Port Radium Mine site, situated approximately 275 km north of Yellowknife on the east shore of Great Bear Lake, Northwest Territories, was discovered in 1930 and underground mining began in 1932. The mine operated almost continuously from 1932 to 1982, initially for recovery of radium, then uranium and finally, for recovery of silver. Tailings production totaled an estimated 900,000 tons and 800,000 tons from uranium and silver processing operations respectively. In the early days of mining, Port Radium miners were exposed to radon and associated decay product levels (in Working Level Months of exposure - WLM) hundreds of times greater than modern standards. The experience of the Port Radium miners provides important contribution to understanding the risks from radon. While the uranium mine was originally decommissioned in the early 1960's, to the standards of the day, the community of Deline (formerly Fort Franklin) had concerns about residual contamination at the mine site and the potential effects arising from use of traditional lands. The Deline people were also concerned about the possible risks to Deline Dene arising from their work as ore carriers. In the late 1990's, the community of Deline brought these concerns to national attention and consequently, the Government of Canada and the community of Deline agreed to move forward in a collaborative manner to address these concerns. The approach agreed to was to establish the Canada-Deline Uranium Table (CDUT) to provide a joint process by which the people of Deline could have their concerns expressed and addressed. A great deal of work was

  2. United States-Canada air services: The role of alliances in a future bilateral agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, I.

    1995-12-01

    Transborder air services between the U.S. and Canada represent a mixing of two dynamic domestic markets whose relationships with each other is governed by a diplomatically negotiated agreement between governments. Trying to divide up the pie between the carriers of both nations while promoting economic growth is proving to be very difficult; four years of negotiations have yet to reach fruition. The Canadian government and carriers see the pie as fixed; there is only so much transborder traffic and Canadian airlines need their share. In contrast, U.S. carriers, airport operators, and government negotiators see the airline industry as a major instrument of economic growth. In this view, they are joined by many Canadian communities who believe that increased service can be of considerable benefit. More competition and better service can only lead to higher demand and passenger volume, from which Canadian airlines will benefit. Alliances between U.S. and Canadian carriers can help break the deadlock. The two governments need to recognize that their domestic airline industries are not distinct, and that they will share in any liberalization. Alliances need formal recognition, encouragement, and may be one of the few viable instruments available that will promote a greatly needed bilateral air services agreement between the U.S. and Canada.

  3. Canada's Deep Geological Repository for Used Nuclear Fuel - Geo-scientific Site Evaluation Process - 13117

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blyth, Alec; Ben Belfadhel, Mahrez; Hirschorn, Sarah; Hamilton, Duncan; McKelvie, Jennifer

    2013-07-01

    The Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) is responsible for implementing Adaptive Phased Management (APM), the approach selected by the Government of Canada for long-term management of used nuclear fuel generated by Canadian nuclear reactors. The ultimate objective of APM is the centralized containment and isolation of Canada's used nuclear fuel in a Deep Geological Repository in a suitable rock formation at a depth of approximately 500 meters (m) (1,640 feet [ft]). In May 2010, the NWMO published a nine-step site selection process that serves as the road map to decision-making on the location for the deep geological repository. The safety and appropriateness of any potential site will be assessed against a number of factors, both technical and social in nature. The selected site will be one that can be demonstrated to be able to safely contain and isolate used nuclear fuel, protecting humans and the environment over the very long term. The geo-scientific suitability of potential candidate sites will be assessed in a stepwise manner following a progressive and thorough site evaluation process that addresses a series of geo-scientific factors revolving around five safety functions. The geo-scientific site evaluation process includes: Initial Screenings; Preliminary Assessments; and Detailed Site Evaluations. As of November 2012, 22 communities have entered the site selection process (three in northern Saskatchewan and 18 in northwestern and southwestern Ontario). (authors)

  4. Sci—Thur PM: Imaging — 06: Canada's National Computed Tomography (CT) Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wardlaw, GM; Martel, N; Blackler, W; Asselin, J-F

    2014-08-15

    The value of computed tomography (CT) in medical imaging is reflected in its' increased use and availability since the early 1990's; however, given CT's relatively larger exposures (vs. planar x-ray) greater care must be taken to ensure that CT procedures are optimised in terms of providing the smallest dose possible while maintaining sufficient diagnostic image quality. The development of CT Diagnostic Reference Levels (DRLs) supports this process. DRLs have been suggested/supported by international/national bodies since the early 1990's and widely adopted elsewhere, but not on a national basis in Canada. Essentially, CT DRLs provide guidance on what is considered good practice for common CT exams, but require a representative sample of CT examination data to make any recommendations. Canada's National CT Survey project, in collaboration with provincial/territorial authorities, has collected a large national sample of CT practice data for 7 common examinations (with associated clinical indications) of both adult and pediatric patients. Following completion of data entry into a common database, a survey summary report and recommendations will be made on CT DRLs from this data. It is hoped that these can then be used by local regions to promote CT practice optimisation and support any dose reduction initiatives.

  5. From Pushing Paper to Pushing Dirt - Canada's Largest LLRW Cleanup Gets Underway - 13111

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veen, Walter van; Lawrence, Dave

    2013-07-01

    The Port Hope Project is the larger of the two projects in the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI), Canada's largest low level radioactive waste (LLRW) cleanup. With a budget of approximately $1 billion, the Port Hope Project includes a broad and complex range of remedial elements from a state of the art water treatment plant, an engineered waste management facility, municipal solid waste removal, remediation of 18 major sites within the Municipality of Port Hope (MPH), sediment dredging and dewatering, an investigation of 4,800 properties (many of these homes) to identify LLRW and remediation of approximately 450 of these properties. This paper discusses the status of the Port Hope Project in terms of designs completed and regulatory approvals received, and sets out the scope and schedule for the remaining studies, engineering designs and remediation contracts. (authors)

  6. Analysis of Biomass Feedstock Availability and Variability for the Peace River Region of Alberta, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen, Jamie; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine; Bi, X.T.; Sowlati, T.; Kloeck, T.; Townley-Smith, Lawrence; Stumborg, Mark

    2009-11-01

    Biorefineries or other biomass-dependent facilities require a predictable, dependable feedstock supplied over many years to justify capital investments. Determining inter-year variability in biomass availability is essential to quantifying the feedstock supply risk. Using a geographic information system (GIS) and historic crop yield data, average production was estimated for 10 sites in the Peace River region of Alberta, Canada. Four high-yielding potential sites were investigated for variability over a 20 year time-frame (1980 2000). The range of availability was large, from double the average in maximum years to nothing in minimum years. Biomass availability is a function of grain yield, the biomass to grain ratio, the cropping frequency, and residue retention rate to ensure future crop productivity. Storage strategies must be implemented and alternate feedstock sources identified to supply biomass processing facilities in low-yield years.

  7. Survey of nine surface mines in North America. [Nine different mines in USA and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, L.G.; Brackett, R.D.; Floyd, F.D.

    1981-01-01

    This report presents the information gathered by three mining engineers in a 1980 survey of nine surface mines in the United States and Canada. The mines visited included seven coal mines, one copper mine, and one tar sands mine selected as representative of present state of the art in open pit, strip, and terrace pit mining. The purpose of the survey was to investigate mining methods, equipment requirements, operating costs, reclamation procedures and costs, and other aspects of current surface mining practices in order to acquire basic data for a study comparing conventional and terrace pit mining methods, particularly in deeper overburdens. The survey was conducted as part of a project under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-79ET10023 titled The Development of Optimal Terrace Pit Coal Mining Systems.

  8. Gas reservoir potential of the Lower Ordovician Beekmantown Group, Quebec Lowlands, Canada discussion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friedman, G.M.

    1996-10-01

    Dykstra and Longman (1995), in an interesting paper, discussed the gas-reservoir potential of the Lower Ordovician Beekmantown Group of Quebec, Canada. They pointed out that the dolomites of this group provide an important exploration target in both the autochthon and the overlying thrust sheets. They then compare their rocks with those of correlative units in Oklahoma. Nowhere in their paper do they relate their study to the extensive work on these same rocks in the contiguous parts of the same basin in neighboring New York state. The purpose of this discussion is to fill in this lack and provide information on prospective Cambrian-Ordovician reservoirs in New York state, for which the Oil and Gas Investor (Anonymous, 1995a) has predicted counties of western New York are the next frontier for the Cambrian-Ordovician play. Dykstra and Longman (1995) compare their Quebec rocks with those of correlative rocks in faraway Oklahoma and completely overlook those in the same basin in nearby New York. At least one of the boreholes that we have studied in the St. Lawrence Valley is only tens of miles from their boreholes (Harris and Friedman, 1982). During the past 31 yr our team alone has published at least 50 papers and abstracts on the surface and subsurface geology of the Beekmantown Group in New York state. Dykstra and Longman`s (1995) paper provides data identical to those we have obtained for the contiguous New York Beekmantown (for a partial reference list see Friedman, 1993, 1994a, b, 1995). Because no reference to New York state is included in their reference section, I want to quote from an abstract titled {open_quotes}Gas Potential of the Eastern Overthrust...New York{close_quotes}(Friedman, s1992), which compares with their title {open_quotes}Gas Reservoir Potential...of Quebec, Canada{close_quotes} (Dykstra and Longman, 1995).

  9. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-01-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling system has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.

  10. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-08-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling system has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.

  11. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-08-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling systemmore » has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.« less

  12. Summer outdoor temperature and occupational heat-related illnesses in Quebec (Canada)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam-Poupart, Ariane; Smargiassi, Audrey; Busque, Marc-Antoine; Duguay, Patrice; Fournier, Michel; Zayed, Joseph; Labrèche, France

    2014-10-15

    Background: Predicted rise in global mean temperature and intensification of heat waves associated with climate change present an increasing challenge for occupational health and safety. Although important scientific knowledge has been gathered on the health effects of heat, very few studies have focused on quantifying the association between outdoor heat and mortality or morbidity among workers. Objective: To quantify the association between occupational heat-related illnesses and exposure to summer outdoor temperatures. Methods: We modeled 259 heat-related illnesses compensated by the Workers' Compensation Board of Quebec between May and September, from 1998 to 2010, with maximum daily summer outdoor temperatures in 16 health regions of Quebec (Canada) using generalized linear models with negative binomial distributions, and estimated the pooled effect sizes for all regions combined, by sex and age groups, and for different time lags with random-effect models for meta-analyses. Results: The mean daily compensation count was 0.13 for all regions of Quebec combined. The relationship between daily counts of compensations and maximum daily temperatures was log-linear; the pooled incidence rate ratio (IRR) of daily heat-related compensations per 1 °C increase in daily maximum temperatures was 1.419 (95% CI 1.326 to 1.520). Associations were similar for men and women and by age groups. Increases in daily maximum temperatures at lags 1 and 2 and for two and three-day lag averages were also associated with increases in daily counts of compensations (IRRs of 1.206 to 1.471 for every 1 °C increase in temperature). Conclusion: This study is the first to quantify the association between occupational heat-related illnesses and exposure to summer temperatures in Canada. The model (risk function) developed in this study could be useful to improve the assessment of future impacts of predicted summer outdoor temperatures on workers and vulnerable groups, particularly in colder

  13. Fact #832: August 4, 2014 Over Half of the Refueling Stations in the U.S. and Canada Sell Diesel Fuel

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A 2014 survey of over 110,000 refueling stations in the U.S. and Canada shows that over half of all refueling stations sell diesel fuel. The survey results are shown for five different regions of...

  14. Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States - English Version

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    GUIDE TO FEDERAL REGULATION OF SALES OF IMPORTED ELECTRICITY IN CANADA, MEXICO, AND THE UNITED STATES A Publication of The North American Energy Working Group January 2005 1 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The NAEWG is led by officials from Natural

  15. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  16. The development of the ''Sleeping Giant'' deep basin natural gas, Alberta Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowman, D.L.

    1984-02-01

    During the past seven years attention has been focused on ''mega'' projects and the frontier areas for continental energy self sufficiency. However, a giant conventional resource project has been developing without fanfare. This project has potential impact on the well being of Canada and the North American energy scene. This ''Sleeping Giant'', which delivered its initial sales gas on November 1, 1979 is the Alberta (Elmworth) Deep Basin. The project area covers 67,400 square km (26,000 square miles) and contains potentially hydrocarbon bearing sediments over a thickness of 4,572 meters (15,000 feet). This basin is best equated in terms of size and reserves to the famous San Juan Basin. Since its discovery in 1976 approximately 1,000 multi-zoned gas wells have been drilled and reserves in the order of 140,000 10/sup 6/m/sup 3/ (5 trillion cubic feet) have been recognized by gas purchasers. Ten gas plants have been constructed with capacity of roughly 28,174 10/sup 3/m/sup 3/ (1 billion cubic feet) per day. This paper documents the development of these reserves and the stages in the construction of field facilities.

  17. U.S., Canada continue dominance of world`s gas processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1997-06-02

    Gas plants in the US and Canada continued to lead the rest of the world in processing capacity, throughput, and NGL production in 1996. The consolidation of gas-processing assets that has been rolling through US companies in recent years continued to limit growth in new capacity. Canadian liquids producers, on the other hand, will likely benefit from increased gas production and export sales to the US when a clutch of pipeline expansions in the next 18--30 months eases the capacity constraints on gas movements southward. And, markets and suppliers around the world continue to become more closely dependent on each other, stimulating new capacity and production. US capacity stood at slightly more than 678 bcfd as of January 1, 1997; throughput for 1996 averaged 48.8 bcfd; and NGL production exceeded 76,000 gpd. Canadian gas-processing capacity last year approached 40 bcfd. Gas-processing throughput there averaged more than 30.8 bcfd; NGL production fell to slightly more than 42,000 gpd. Oil and Gas Journal`s most recent exclusive, plant-by-plant, worldwide gas-processing survey and its international survey of petroleum-derived sulfur recovery reflect these trends. This report supplements operator-supplied capacity and production data for Alberta with figures from the (1) Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (AEUB), formerly the Energy Resources Conservation Board (ERBC), (2) British Columbia Ministry of Employment and Investment`s Engineering and Operations Branch, and (3) Saskatchewan Ministry of Energy and Mines.

  18. Assessment of mercury emissions from the Afton copper smelter, British Columbia, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robertson, J.D.; Price, C.J.

    1986-07-01

    The afton Copper Smelter adjacent to Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada commenced operation in 1978 and employed a mercury scrubbing system. Two years of preproduction studies, which included monitoring for mercury in ambient air, water, soil, and vegetation were performed. The results from similar studies conducted during four full years (1978-81) and two partial years (1982-83) of production are presented in the data analysis. These programs illustrated that the most frequent ground impingement occurred within a 1.6-3.2-km radius of the source, and that the levels decreased with increasing distance from the source to a maximum radius of 8 km. The results of a comprehensive source monitoring program illustrated that the average mercury emission levels ranged from 3.2 to 6.8 kg/calendar day during 1979-81, and that the majority of the emissions were in a vapor form. The ambient monitoring data acquired when smelter operations were significantly reduced indicate a quick recovery to preproduction levels in virtually all monitored parameters and at most monitored sites. The integrated results from all mercury monitoring programs illustrate the environmental impact from mercury emissions which were two to four times the permit standard of 1.8 kg/day.

  19. FAINT TIDAL FEATURES IN GALAXIES WITHIN THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY WIDE FIELDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atkinson, Adam M.; Abraham, Roberto G.; Ferguson, Annette M. N.

    2013-03-01

    We present an analysis of the detectability of faint tidal features in galaxies from the wide-field component of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey. Our sample consists of 1781 luminous (M{sub r{sup '}}<-19.3 mag) galaxies in the magnitude range 15.5 mag < r' < 17 mag and in the redshift range 0.04 < z < 0.2. Although we have classified tidal features according to their morphology (e.g., streams, shells, and tails), we do not attempt to interpret them in terms of their physical origin (e.g., major versus minor merger debris). Instead, we provide a catalog that is intended to provide raw material for future investigations which will probe the nature of low surface brightness substructure around galaxies. We find that around 12% of the galaxies in our sample show clear tidal features at the highest confidence level. This fraction rises to about 18% if we include systems with convincing, albeit weaker tidal features, and to 26% if we include systems with more marginal features that may or may not be tidal in origin. These proportions are a strong function of rest-frame color and of stellar mass. Linear features, shells, and fans are much more likely to occur in massive galaxies with stellar masses >10{sup 10.5} M {sub Sun }, and red galaxies are twice as likely to show tidal features than are blue galaxies.

  20. Examining the potential for voluntary fuel economy standards in the United States and Canada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S.; Greene, D.; Duleep, K.

    2003-03-19

    This report is designed to assist the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. government in general, and Natural Resources Canada with understanding the potential for voluntary fuel economy standards designed to increase the fuel economy of the North American fleet of light-duty vehicles (LDVs-passenger cars and light trucks) within a 10-15-year timeframe. The approach of this study has been: First, to examine and evaluate recent fuel economy initiatives taken in Japan and Europe; Second, to review the technologies available to improve fuel economy in the U.S. (and Canadian) fleets, focusing on their costs and fuel economy improvement potential; Third, to identify and broadly evaluate some alternatives to the current U.S. and Canadian Corporate Average Fuel Economy system of specifying uniform fuel economy targets (27.5 mpg for cars, 20.7 mpg for light trucks) for individual companies; and Fourth, to try to determine an approximate level of fuel economy increase and form of company agreements that would be conducive to a voluntary agreement, based on the assumption that an acceptable voluntary standard would impose an equitable burden on each manufacturer and would be approximately cost-effective from consumers' private perspectives.

  1. Waste Management Improvement Initiatives at Atomic Energy of Canada Limited - 13091

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Nicholas; Adams, Lynne; Wong, Pierre

    2013-07-01

    Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL) Chalk River Laboratories (CRL) has been in operation for over 60 years. Radioactive, mixed, hazardous and non-hazardous wastes have been and continue to be generated at CRL as a result of research and development, radioisotope production, reactor operation and facility decommissioning activities. AECL has implemented several improvement initiatives at CRL to simplify the interface between waste generators and waste receivers: - Introduction of trained Waste Officers representing their facilities or activities at CRL; - Establishment of a Waste Management Customer Support Service as a Single-Point of Contact to provide guidance to waste generators for all waste management processes; and - Implementation of a streamlined approach for waste identification with emphasis on early identification of waste types and potential disposition paths. As a result of implementing these improvement initiatives, improvements in waste management and waste transfer efficiencies have been realized at CRL. These included: 1) waste generators contacting the Customer Support Service for information or guidance instead of various waste receivers; 2) more clear and consistent guidance provided to waste generators for waste management through the Customer Support Service; 3) more consistent and correct waste information provided to waste receivers through Waste Officers, resulting in reduced time and resources required for waste management (i.e., overall cost); 4) improved waste minimization and segregation approaches, as identified by in-house Waste Officers; and 5) enhanced communication between waste generators and waste management groups. (authors)

  2. Regulatory Oversight of the Legacy Gunner Uranium Mine and Mill Site in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada - 13434

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenson, Ron; Howard, Don

    2013-07-01

    As Canada's nuclear regulator, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is responsible for licensing all aspects of uranium mining, including remediation activities at legacy sites. Since these sites already existed when the current legislation came into force in 2000, and the previous legislation did not apply, they present a special case. The Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA), was written with cradle-to- grave oversight in mind. Applying the NSCA at the end of a 'facilities' life-cycle poses some challenges to both the regulator and the proponent. When the proponent is the public sector, even more challenges can present themselves. Although the licensing process for legacy sites is no different than for any other CNSC license, assuring regulatory compliance can be more complicated. To demonstrate how the CNSC has approached the oversight of legacy sites the history of the Commission's involvement with the Gunnar uranium mine and mill site provides a good case study. The lessons learned from the CNSC's experience regulating the Gunnar site will benefit those in the future who will need to regulate legacy sites under existing or new legislation. (authors)

  3. Hybrid eolian dunes of William River Dune field, northern Saskatchewan, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carson, M.A.; MacLean, P.A.

    1985-02-01

    A series of northwest-southeast aligned, large-scale (up to 30 m high) eolian dunes, occurring in a confined (600 km/sup 2/) desert area in northern Saskatchewan, Canada, was examined in the field. Observations were made of dune morphology and internal structure, and patterns of sand movement on the dunes were analyzed in relation to wind events during the summer of 1981. Present cross-sectional profiles exhibit steeper northeast slopes, the lower segment of which are intermittently covered by psammophilous grasses. Dune structure is dominated by northeast-dipping accretion laminae. Three /sup 14/C dates from organic material cropping out on the lower southwest slopes reveal that the dunes have migrated as transverse bed forms at rates of roughly 0.5 m/yr during the last few hundred years. However, a progressive increase in height, bulk, and symmetry along the dune axis from northwest to southeast, suggests an along-dune component of sand transport. This view is supported by (1) field measurements of airflow and along-dune sand transport patterns on 2 dunes, and (2) the present-day wind regime (1963-78). Dominated by north-northeast to northeast winds from January to June and by west-southwest winds from July to December, the resultant potential sand transport vector is toward the southeast, virtually identical to the dune axis.

  4. Friedreich ataxia in Acadian families from eastern Canada: Clinical diversity with conserved haplotypes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richter, A.; Poirier, J.; Mercier, J.

    1996-09-06

    The gene for Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), an autosomal-recessive neurodegenerative disease, remains elusive. The current candidate region of about 150 kb lies between loci FR2 and F8101 near the D9S15/D9S5 linkage group at 9q13-21.1. Linkage homogeneity between classical FRDA and a milder, slowly progressive Acadian variant (FRDA-Acad) has been demonstrated. An extended D9S15-D9S5 haplotype (C6) predominates in FRDA-Acad chromosomes from Louisiana. We studied 10 Acadian families from New Brunswick, Canada. In eight families, affected individuals conformed to the clinical description of FRDA-Acad; in one, 2 sibs presented with spastic ataxia (SPA-Acad). In the last family, 2 sibs had FRDA-Acad, and one had SPA-Acad. We found that SPA-Acad is linked to the FRDA gene region. The C6 haplotype and a second major haplotype (137) were identified. The same ataxia-linked haplotypes segregated with both FRDA-Acad and SPA-Acad in two unrelated families. The parental origins of these haplotypes were different. Our observation of different phenotypes associated with the same combination of haplotypes may point to the influence of the parent of origin on gene expression, indicate the effect of modifier genes, or reflect the presence of different mutations on the same haplotype. Our findings underline the need to investigate families with autosomal-recessive ataxias for linkage to the FRDA region, despite lack of key diagnostic manifestations such as cardiomyopathy or absent deep-tendon reflexes. 28 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Multicenter Collaborative Quality Assurance Program for the Province of Ontario, Canada: First-Year Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ltourneau, Daniel; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; McNiven, Andrea; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Jaffray, David A.; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

    2013-05-01

    Purpose: The objective of this work was to develop a collaborative quality assurance (CQA) program to assess the performance of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning and delivery across the province of Ontario, Canada. Methods and Materials: The CQA program was designed to be a comprehensive end-to-end test that can be completed on multiple planning and delivery platforms. The first year of the program included a head-and-neck (H and N) planning exercise and on-site visit to acquire dosimetric measurements to assess planning and delivery performance. A single dosimeter was used at each institution, and the planned to measured dose agreement was evaluated for both the H and N plan and a standard plan (linear-accelerator specific) that was created to enable a direct comparison between centers with similar infrastructure. Results: CQA program feasibility was demonstrated through participation of all 13 radiation therapy centers in the province. Planning and delivery was completed on a variety of infrastructure (treatment planning systems and linear accelerators). The planning exercise was completed using both static gantry and rotational IMRT, and planned-to-delivered dose agreement (pass rates) for 3%/3-mm gamma evaluation were greater than 90% (92.6%-99.6%). Conclusions: All centers had acceptable results, but variation in planned to delivered dose agreement for the same planning and delivery platform was noted. The upper end of the range will provide an achievable target for other centers through continued quality improvement, aided by feedback provided by the program through the use of standard plans and simple test fields.

  6. Leakage Risk Assessment for a Potential CO2 Storage Project in Saskatchewan, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Houseworth, J.E.; Oldenburg, C.M.; Mazzoldi, A.; Gupta, A.K.; Nicot, J.-P.; Bryant, S.L.

    2011-05-01

    A CO{sub 2} sequestration project is being considered to (1) capture CO{sub 2} emissions from the Consumers Cooperative Refineries Limited at Regina, Saskatchewan and (2) geologically sequester the captured CO{sub 2} locally in a deep saline aquifer. This project is a collaboration of several industrial and governmental organizations, including the Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC), Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC), SaskEnvironment Go Green Fund, SaskPower, CCRL, Schlumberger Carbon Services, and Enbridge. The project objective is to sequester 600 tonnes CO{sub 2}/day. Injection is planned to start in 2012 or 2013 for a period of 25 years for a total storage of approximately 5.5 million tonnes CO{sub 2}. This report presents an assessment of the leakage risk of the proposed project using a methodology known as the Certification Framework (CF). The CF is used for evaluating CO{sub 2} leakage risk associated with geologic carbon sequestration (GCS), as well as brine leakage risk owing to displacement and pressurization of brine by the injected CO{sub 2}. We follow the CF methodology by defining the entities (so-called Compartments) that could be impacted by CO{sub 2} leakage, the CO{sub 2} storage region, the potential for leakage along well and fault pathways, and the consequences of such leakage. An understanding of the likelihood and consequences of leakage forms the basis for understanding CO{sub 2} leakage risk, and forms the basis for recommendations of additional data collection and analysis to increase confidence in the risk assessment.

  7. Some environmental and social impacts of the James Bay hydroelectric project, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berkes, F.

    1981-03-01

    The construction of the James Bay hydroelectric power project in subarctic Canada started in 1972, but environmental information that would permit mitigation measures did not become available until about 1975. It is suggested that this pattern may be characteristic of large-scale development projects in remote areas where the time lags involved in obtaining environmental data, beyond the simply descriptive information, are such that engineering plans would proceed, for economic reasons, without such environmental data as a planning input. Some environmental and social impact case studies are presented in this paper with regard to the LaGrande Complex phase of the James Bay development. The environmental impact case study involves the subsystem of estuarine fisheries and the effect on it of changes in the flow regime of the LaGrande River, the relocation of the first dam (LG-1) on the LaGrande, saltwater encroachment up the river during the filling of the second dam (LG-2), and the changes in the thermal regime of the river. The social impact case study examines the effect of the road network associated with the hydro development, on the land tenure system of the native Cree Indians of the area. The behavior of developers, as they optimize their engineering plans over the years to develop as much power as is feasible, is contrasted with the behavior of the organizations representing the native peopleof the area, first opposing the project but later giving up the aboriginal title to the land in exchange for some legally recognized rights, and subsequently making additional concessions from their established rights in exchange for various community benefits. It is argued that this process has been resulting in an incremental erosion of the land and resource base of the Cree Indian people.

  8. igure 1. Map of N. Alaska and NW Canada Showing the Locations of the NPR-A,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ANWR, 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and TAPS 1. Map of Northern Alaska and Northwestern Canada Showing the Locations of the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska (NPR-A), Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), 1002 Area, Current Productive Area, and Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) fig1.jpg (122614 bytes) Source: Edited from U.S. Geological Survey, "The Oil and Gas Resource Potential of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 Area, Alaska," Open File Report 98-34, 1999.

  9. Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities Between the United States and Canada

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities document presents a series of side-by-side tables that describe the U.S. and Canadian regulatory and statutory requirements necessary to site, permit, and construct transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border. It is intended to function as a reference document that can be used by government officials, potential developers, and other stakeholders as a means to understand the permitting requirements in both countries.

  10. Limitations Influencing Interventional Radiology in Canada: Results of a National Survey by the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Brien, Jeremy; Baerlocher, Mark Otto Asch, Murray R.; Hayeems, Eran; Kachura, John R.; Collingwood, Peter

    2007-09-15

    Purpose. To describe the current state and limitations to interventional radiology (IR) in Canada through a large, national survey of Canadian interventional radiologists. Methods. An anonymous online survey was offered to members of the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA). Only staff radiologists were invited to participate. Results. Seventy-five (75) responses were received from a total of 247, giving a response rate of 30%. Respondents were split approximately equally between academic centers (47%) and community practice (53%), and the majority of interventional radiologists worked in hospitals with either 200-500 (49%) or 500-1,000 (39%) beds. Procedures listed by respondents as most commonly performed in their practice included PICC line insertion (83%), angiography and stenting (65%), and percutaneous biopsy (37%). Procedures listed as not currently performed but which interventional radiologists believed would benefit their patient population included radiofrequency ablation (36%), carotid stenting (34%), and aortic stenting (21%); the majority of respondents noted that a lack of support from referring services was the main reason for not performing these procedures (56%). Impediments to increasing scope and volume of practice in Canadian IR were most commonly related to room or equipment shortage (35%), radiologist shortage (33%), and a lack of funding or administrative support (28%). Conclusion. Interventional radiology in Canada is limited by a number of factors including funding, manpower, and referral support. A concerted effort should be undertaken by individual interventional radiologists and IR organizations to increase training capacity, funding, remuneration, and public exposure to IR in order to help advance the subspecialty.

  11. Gender and snow crab occupational asthma in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howse, Dana; Gautrin, Denyse; Neis, Barbara . E-mail: bneis@mun.ca; Cartier, Andre; Horth-Susin, Lise; Jong, Michael; Swanson, Mark C.

    2006-06-15

    Fish and shellfish processing employs many thousands of people globally, with shellfish processing becoming more important in recent years. Shellfish processing is associated with multiple occupational health and safety (OHS) risks. Snow crab occupational asthma (OA) is work-related asthma associated with processing snow crab. We present a gender analysis of findings from a 3-year multifaceted study of snow crab OA in Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The study was carried out in four snow crab processing communities between 2001 and 2004. An anonymous survey questionnaire on knowledge, beliefs, and concerns related to processing snow crab administered to 158 workers attending community meetings at the start of the research found that women were significantly more likely than men to associate certain health problems, especially chest tightness, difficulty breathing, and cough, with crab processing (P<0.001). Worker health assessments carried out with 215 processing workers (187 current/28 former; 120 female/95 male) found that female participants were more likely to be diagnosed as almost certain/highly probable snow crab OA and allergy (P=0.001) and to be sensitized to snow crab (P=0.01) than male participants. Work histories from the health assessments were used to classify processing jobs as male or female. Allergen sampling (211 allergen samples: 115 area, 96 personal breathing zone) indicated that the plant areas where these male jobs were concentrated were associated with lower levels of aerosolized crab allergens (the agents responsible for OA to snow crab) than areas associated with female jobs. This difference was statistically significant in the two plants with poor ventilation (p<0.001 and P=0.017 for these plants). A gender analysis of work history data showed that female health assessment participants were likely to have worked longer processing snow crab than males (5 years versus 3.5 years, respectively). Cross-referencing of work history results

  12. Lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium, and arsenic levels in eggs, feathers, and tissues of Canada geese of the New Jersey Meadowlands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsipoura, Nellie; Burger, Joanna; Newhouse, Michael; Jeitner, Christian; Gochfeld, Michael; Mizrahi, David

    2011-08-15

    The New Jersey Meadowlands are located within the heavily urbanized New York/New Jersey Harbor Estuary and have been subject to contamination due to effluent and runoff from industry, traffic, and homes along the Hackensack River and nearby waterways. These extensive wetlands, though heavily impacted by development and pollution, support a wide array of bird and other wildlife species. Persistent contaminants may pose threats to birds in these habitats, affecting reproduction, egg hatchability, nestling survival, and neurobehavioral development. Metals of concern in the Meadowlands include arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead, and mercury. These metals were analyzed in eggs, feathers, muscle, and liver of Canada geese (Branta canadensis) breeding in four wetland sites. We sampled geese collected during control culling (n=26) and collected eggs from goose nests (n=34). Levels of arsenic were below the minimum quantification level (MQL) in most samples, and cadmium and mercury were low in all tissues sampled. Chromium levels were high in feather samples. Mercury levels in eggs of Canada geese, an almost exclusively herbivorous species, were lower (mean {+-}SE 4.29{+-}0.30 {mu}g/g wet weight) than in eggs of omnivorous mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), and insectivorous red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) and marsh wrens (Cistothorus palustris) from the Meadowlands, consistent with trophic level differences. However, lead levels were higher in the goose eggs (161{+-}36.7 ng/g) than in the other species. Geese also had higher levels of lead in feathers (1910{+-}386 ng/g) than those seen in Meadowlands passerines. By contrast, muscle and liver lead levels were within the range reported in waterfowl elsewhere, possibly a reflection of metal sequestration in eggs and feathers. Elevated lead levels may be the result of sediment ingestion or ingestion of lead shot and sinkers. Finally, lead levels in goose liver (249{+-}44.7 ng/g) and eggs (161{+-}36.7 ng/g) may pose a

  13. EIS-0032: 500 kV International Transmission Line NSP-TR-1, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada, Northern States Power Company

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Regulatory Administration developed this EIS to evaluate the environmental impacts of a 500-kilovolt transmission line proposed by the Northern States Power Company to provide a transmission facility for the exchange of electrical energy between Canada and the United States.

  14. Third Carbon Sequestration Atlas Estimates Up to 5,700 Years of CO2 Storage Potential in U.S. and Portions of Canada

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There could be as much as 5,700 years of carbon dioxide storage potential available in geologic formations in the United States and portions of Canada, according to the latest edition of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Carbon Sequestration Atlas (Atlas III).

  15. Canada-USA Salmon Shelf Survival Study, 2007-2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudel, Marc; Tucker, Strahan; Morris, John

    2009-03-09

    Historically, salmon stocks from the Columbia River and Snake River formed one of the most valuable fisheries on the west coast of North America. However, salmon and steelhead returns sharply declined during the 1980s and 1990s to reach nearly 1 million fish. Although several factors may be responsible for the decline of Columbia River salmon and steelhead, there is increasing evidence that these drastic declines were primarily attributable to persistently unfavorable ocean conditions. Hence, an understanding of the effects of ocean conditions on salmon production is required to forecast the return of salmon to the Columbia River basin and to assess the efficacy of mitigation measures such as flow regulation on salmon resources in this system. The Canadian Program on High Seas Salmon has been collecting juvenile salmon and oceanographic data off the west coast of British Columbia and Southeast Alaska since 1998 to assess the effects of ocean conditions on the distribution, migration, growth, and survival of Pacific salmon. Here, we present a summary of the work conducted as part of the Canada-USA Salmon Shelf Survival Study during the 2008 fiscal year and compare these results with those obtained from previous years. The working hypothesis of this research is that fast growth enhances the marine survival of salmon, either because fast growing fish quickly reach a size that is sufficient to successfully avoid predators, or because they accumulate enough energy reserves to better survive their first winter at sea, a period generally considered critical in the life cycle of salmon. Sea surface temperature decreased from FY05 to FY08, whereas, the summer biomass of phytoplankton increased steadily off the west coast of Vancouver Island from FY05 to FY08. As in FY07, zooplankton biomass was generally above average off the west coast of Vancouver Island in FY08. Interestingly, phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass were higher in FY08 than was expected from the observed

  16. SYNTHESIS OF METHYL METHACRYLATE FROM COAL-DERIVED SYNGAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarand R. Gogate; James J. Spivey; Joseph R. Zoeller; Richard D. Colberg; Gerald N. Choi

    1999-07-19

    Research Triangle Institute (RTI), Eastman Chemical Company, and Bechtel collectively are developing a novel three-step process for the synthesis of methyl methacrylate (MMA) from coal-derived syngas that consists of the steps of synthesis of a propionate, its condensation with formaldehyde to form methacrylic acid (MAA), and esterification of MAA with methanol to produce MMA. The research team has completed the research on the three-step methanol-based route to MMA. Under an extension to the original contract, we are currently evaluating a new DME-based process for MMA. The key research need for DME route is to develop catalysts for DME partial oxidation reactions and DME condensation reactions. During the April-June quarter(04-06/99) the first in-situ formaldehyde generation from DME and condensation with methyl propionate is demonstrated and the results are summarized. The supported niobium catalyst shows better condensation activity, but supported tungsten catalyst has higher formaldehyde selectivity. The project team has also completed a 200-hour long term test of PA-HCHO condensation over 30% Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2}. Three activity cycles and two regeneration cycles were carried out. 30% Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2} showed similar MAA yields as 10% Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2} at 300 C. However, the deactivation appears to be slower with 30% Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2} than 10% Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}/SiO{sub 2}. An detailed economic analysis of PA-HCHO condensation process for a 250 million lb/yr MMA plant is currently studied by Bechtel. Using the Amoco data-based azeotropic distillation model as the basis, an ASPEN flow sheet model was constructed to simulate the formaldehyde and propionic acid condensation processing section based on RTI's design data. The RTI MAA effluent azeotropic distillation column was found to be much more difficult to converge. The presence of non-condensible gases along with the byproduct DEK (both of which were not presented in

  17. Advancing strategic environmental assessment in the offshore oil and gas sector: Lessons from Norway, Canada, and the United Kingdom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fidler, Courtney; Noble, Bram

    2012-04-15

    Abstract: Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) for offshore oil and gas planning and development is utilized in select international jurisdictions, but the sector has received limited attention in the SEA literature. While the potential benefits of and rationale for SEA are well argued, there have been few empirical studies of SEA processes for the offshore sector. Hence, little is known about the efficacy of SEA offshore, in particular its influence on planning and development decisions. This paper examines SEA practice and influence in three international offshore systems: Norway, Atlantic Canada and the United Kingdom, with the intent to identify the challenges, lessons and opportunities for advancing SEA in offshore planning and impact assessment. Results demonstrate that SEA can help inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project-based assessment in the offshore sector, however weak coordination between higher and lower tiers limit SEA's ability to influence planning and development decisions in a broad regional environmental and socioeconomic context. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SEA can inform and improve the efficacy and efficiency of project EA offshore Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Scope and deliverables of SEA offshore often differ from stakeholder expectations Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Considerable variability in influence of SEA output beyond licensing decisions Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sector-based SEA offshore is often too restrictive to generate expected benefits.

  18. THE DISTRIBUTION OF FAINT SATELLITES AROUND CENTRAL GALAXIES IN THE CANADA-FRANCE-HAWAII TELESCOPE LEGACY SURVEY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jiang, C. Y.; Jing, Y. P.; Li, Cheng

    2012-11-20

    We investigate the radial number density profile and the abundance distribution of faint satellites around central galaxies in the low-redshift universe using the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) Legacy Survey. We consider three samples of central galaxies with magnitudes of M {sub r} = -21, -22, and -23 selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey group catalog of Yang et al. The satellite distribution around these central galaxies is obtained by cross-correlating these galaxies with the photometric catalog of the CFHT Legacy Survey. The projected radial number density of the satellites obeys a power-law form with the best-fit logarithmic slope of -1.05, independent of both the central galaxy luminosity and the satellite luminosity. The projected cross-correlation function between central and satellite galaxies exhibits a non-monotonic trend with satellite luminosity. It is most pronounced for central galaxies with M {sub r} = -21, where the decreasing trend of clustering amplitude with satellite luminosity is reversed when satellites are fainter than central galaxies by more than 2 mag. A comparison with the satellite luminosity functions in the Milky Way (MW) and M31 shows that the MW/M31 system has about twice as many satellites as around a typical central galaxy of similar luminosity. The implications for theoretical models are briefly discussed.

  19. Meteorological and air quality impacts of increased urban albedo and vegetative cover in the Greater Toronto Area, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taha, Haider; Hammer, Hillel; Akbari, Hashem

    2002-04-30

    The study described in this report is part of a project sponsored by the Toronto Atmospheric Fund, performed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, to assess the potential role of surface property modifications on energy, meteorology, and air quality in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), Canada. Numerical models were used to establish the possible meteorological and ozone air-quality impacts of increased urban albedo and vegetative fraction, i.e., ''cool-city'' strategies that can mitigate the urban heat island (UHI), significantly reduce urban energy consumption, and improve thermal comfort, particularly during periods of hot weather in summer. Mitigation is even more important during critical heat wave periods with possible increased heat-related hospitalization and mortality. The evidence suggests that on an annual basis cool-city strategies are beneficial, and the implementation of such measures is currently being investigated in the U.S. and Canada. We simulated possible scenari os for urban heat-island mitigation in the GTA and investigated consequent meteorological changes, and also performed limited air-quality analysis to assess related impacts. The study was based on a combination of mesoscale meteorological modeling, Lagrangian (trajectory), and photochemical trajectory modeling to assess the potential meteorological and ozone air-quality impacts of cool-city strategies. As available air-quality and emissions data are incompatible with models currently in use at LBNL, our air-quality analysis was based on photochemical trajectory modeling. Because of questions as to the accuracy and appropriateness of this approach, in our opinion this aspect of the study can be improved in the future, and the air-quality results discussed in this report should be viewed as relatively qualitative. The MM5 meteorological model predicts a UHI in the order of 2 to 3 degrees C in locations of maxima, and about 1 degree C as a typical value over most of the urban area

  20. Energy Efficiency as a Preferred Resource: Evidence from Utility Resource Plans in the Western United States and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopper, Nichole; Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Schlegel, Jeff

    2008-09-15

    This article examines the future role of energy efficiency as a resource in the Western United States and Canada, as envisioned in the most recent resource plans issued by 16 utilities, representing about 60percent of the region's load. Utility and third-party administered energy efficiency programs proposed by 15 utilities over a ten-year horizon would save almost 19,000 GWh annually, about 5.2percent of forecast load. There are clear regional trends in the aggressiveness of proposed energy savings. California's investor-owned utilities (IOUs) had the most aggressive savings targets, followed by IOUs in the Pacific Northwest, and the lowest savings were proposed by utilities in Inland West states and by two public utilities on the West coast. The adoption of multiple, aggressive policies targeting energy efficiency and climate change appear to produce sizeable energy efficiency commitments. Certain specific policies, such as mandated energy savings goals for California's IOUs and energy efficiency provisions in Nevada's Renewable Portfolio Standard had a direct impact on the level of energy savings included in the resource plans. Other policies, such as revenue decoupling and shareholder incentives, and voluntary or legislatively mandated greenhouse gas emission reduction policies, may have also impacted utilities' energy efficiency commitments, though the effects of these policies are not easily measured. Despite progress among the utilities in our sample, more aggressive energy efficiency strategies that include high-efficiency standards for additional appliances and equipment, tighter building codes for new construction and renovation, as well as more comprehensive ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs are likely to be necessary to achieve a region-wide goal of meeting 20percent of electricity demand with efficiency in 2020.

  1. Effects of prenatal exposure to organochlorines on thyroid hormone status in newborns from two remote coastal regions in Quebec, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dallaire, Renee; Dewailly, Eric Ayotte, Pierre; Muckle, Gina; Laliberte, Claire; Bruneau, Suzanne

    2008-11-15

    Background: Several prospective studies have revealed that prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other organochlorine compounds (OCs) affect neurodevelopment during infancy. One of the mechanisms by which PCBs might interfere with neurodevelopment is a deficit in thyroid hormone (TH) concentrations. Objectives: We investigated the potential impact of transplacental exposure to PCBs and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) on TH concentrations in neonates from two remote coastal populations exposed to OCs through the consumption of seafood products. Methods: Blood samples were collected at birth from the umbilical cord of neonates from Nunavik (n=410) and the Lower North Shore of the St. Lawrence River (n=260) (Quebec, Canada) for thyroid parameters [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free T{sub 4} (fT{sub 4}), total T{sub 3} (tT{sub 3}), and thyroxine-binding globuline (TBG)] and contaminants analyses. Results: In multivariate models, umbilical cord plasma concentrations of PCB 153, the predominant PCB congener, were not associated with TH and TSH levels in both populations. Prenatal exposure to HCB was positively associated with fT{sub 4} levels at birth in both populations (Nunavik, {beta}=0.12, p=0.04; St. Lawrence, {beta}=0.19, p<0.01), whereas TBG concentrations were negatively associated with PCB 153 concentrations ({beta}=-0.13, p=0.05) in the St. Lawrence cohort. Conclusion: OCs levels were not associated to a reduction in THs in neonates from our two populations. Essential nutrients derived from seafood such as iodine may have prevented the negative effects of OCs on the thyroid economy during fetal development.

  2. Rio Grande pipeline introduces LPG to Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-06-01

    Rio Grande Pipeline, a joint venture between Mid-America Pipeline Co., Amoco Pipeline Co. and Navajo Pipeline Co., has broken new ground in the energy industry as the first LPG pipeline to cross the US-Mexico border. Plans for the project were announced in November 1995 and first deliveries started three months ago on March 21, 1997. The 8-inch, 265-mile pipeline originates near Odessa, TX, where it receives an 85-15 propane-butane mix via a connection to Mid-America Pipeline. From Odessa, product moves west through the Texas desert and crosses the Rio Grande River about 15 miles south of El Paso near Clint, TX and extends 20 miles into Mexico. Capacity of the line is 24,000 bpd and it has been averaging about 22,000 bpd since line-fill. All in all, it sounded like a reasonably feasible, routine project. But perceptions can be deceiving, or at least misleading. In other words, the project can be summarized as follows: one river, two cultures and a world of difference. The official border crossing for pipeline construction took place on Dec. 2, 1996, with a directional drill under the Rio Grande River, but in actuality, the joint venture partners were continually bridging differences in language, laws, customs and norms with Pemex and contracted workers from Mexico.

  3. Development of high energy density fuels from mild gasification of coal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-10-01

    The overall objective of the program is the determination of the minimal processing requirements to produce High Energy Density Fuels (HEDF), meeting a minimal energy density of 130,000 Btu/gal (conventional jet fuels have energy densities in the vicinity of 115,000--120,000 Btu/gal) and having acceptable advanced fuel specifications in accordance with the three defined categories of HEDF. The program encompasses assessing current technology capability; selecting acceptable processing and refining schemes; and generating samples of advanced test fuels. A task breakdown structure was developed containing eight key tasks. This report summarizes the work that Amoco Oil Company (AOC), as key subcontractor, performed in the execution of Task 4, Proposed Upgrading Schemes for Advanced Fuel. The intent of the Task 4 study was to represent all the candidate processing options, that were either studied in the experimental efforts of Task 3 or were available from the prior art in the open literature, in a linear program (LP) model. The LP model would allow scaling of the bench-scale Task 3 results to commercial scale and would perform economic evaluations on any combination of the processes which might be used to make HEDF. Section 2.0 of this report summarizes the process and economic bases used. Sections 3.0 and 4.0 details the economics and processing sensitivities for HEDF production. 1 ref., 15 figs., 9 tabs.

  4. New basins invigorate U.S. gas shales play

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reeves, S.R.; Kuuskraa, V.A.; Hill, D.G.

    1996-01-22

    While actually the first and oldest of unconventional gas plays, gas shales have lagged the other main unconventional gas resources--tight gas and coalbed methane--in production and proved reserves. Recently, however, with active drilling of the Antrim shales in Michigan and promising results from the Barnett shales of North Texas, this gas play is growing in importance. While once thought of as only an Appalachian basin Devonian-age Ohio shales play and the exclusive domain of regional independents, development of gas shales has expanded to new basins and has began to attract larger E and P firms. Companies such as Amoco, Chevron, and Shell in the Michigan basin and Mitchell Energy and Development and Anadarko Petroleum Corporation in the Fort Worth basin are aggressively pursuing this gas resource. This report, the third of a four part series assessing unconventional gas development in the US, examines the state of the gas shales industry following the 1992 expiration of the Sec. 29 Nonconventional Fuels Tax Credit. The main questions being addressed are first, to what extent are these gas sources viable without the tax credit, and second, what advances in understanding of these reservoirs and what progress in extraction technologies have changed the outlook for this large but complex gas resource?

  5. Oxidation of hydrogen sulfide by an enrichment from sour water coproduced with petroleum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cho, J.G.; Sublette, K.L.; Raterman, K.

    1995-12-31

    We have previously demonstrated that the chemoautotroph and facultative anaerobe Thiobacillus denitrificans may be readily cultured aerobically or anoxically in batch and continuous reactors on hydrogen sulfide under sulfide-limiting conditions. A sulfide-tolerant strain of T. denitrificans (strain F) was isolated by enrichment and recently used in a successful field test of a microbial process for the treatment of sour water coproduced with petroleum at an Amoco Production Co. site in Wyoming. Prior to the initiation of this field test, it was determined that the sour water at this site contained low concentrations of indigenous autotrophs, which could grow on thiosulfate as an energy source. Samples of this sour water have now been used to produce an enrichment culture for sulfide oxidizers. This enrichment has been characterized with respect to hydrogen sulfide oxidation, response to oxygen, pH and temperature optima, and sulfide tolerance. The enrichment was shown to be strictly aerobic and to grow on sulfide as an energy source with complete oxidation of sulfide to sulfate. The enrichment has a tolerance of sulfide comparable to that of T. denitrificans strain F. However, the enrichment has a higher optimum temperature (35{degrees}C) than strain F and was shown to oxidize sulfides over a much broader range of pH values.

  6. Aspen Process Flowsheet Simulation Model of a Battelle Biomass-Based Gasification, Fischer-Tropsch Liquefaction and Combined-Cycle Power Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-30

    This study was done to support the research and development program of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in the thermochemical conversion of biomass to liquid transportation fuels using current state-of-the-art technology. The Mitretek study investigated the use of two biomass gasifiers; the RENUGAS gasifier being developed by the Institute of Gas Technology, and the indirectly heated gasifier being developed by Battelle Columbus. The Battelle Memorial Institute of Columbus, Ohio indirectly heated biomass gasifier was selected for this model development because the syngas produced by it is better suited for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis with an iron-based catalyst for which a large amount of experimental data are available. Bechtel with Amoco as a subcontractor developed a conceptual baseline design and several alternative designs for indirect coal liquefaction facilities. In addition, ASPEN Plus process flowsheet simulation models were developed for each of designs. These models were used to perform several parametric studies to investigate various alternatives for improving the economics of indirect coal liquefaction.

  7. Baseline design/economics for advanced Fischer-Tropsch technology. Quarterly report, January--March 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-09-01

    The objectives of the study are to: Develop a baseline design for indirect liquefaction using advanced Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology. Prepare the capital and operating costs for the baseline design. Develop a process flow sheet simulation (PFS) model. This report summarizes the activities completed during the period December 23, 1992 through March 15, 1992. In Task 1, Baseline Design and Alternates, the following activities related to the tradeoff studies were completed: approach and basis; oxygen purity; F-T reactor pressure; wax yield; autothermal reformer; hydrocarbons (C{sub 3}/C{sub 4}s) recovery; and hydrogenrecovery. In Task 3, Engineering Design Criteria, activities were initiated to support the process tradeoff studies in Task I and to develop the environmental strategy for the Illinois site. The work completed to date consists of the development of the F-T reactor yield correlation from the Mobil dam and a brief review of the environmental strategy prepared for the same site in the direct liquefaction baseline study.Some work has also been done in establishing site-related criteria, in establishing the maximum vessel diameter for train sizing and in coping with the low H{sub 2}/CO ratio from the Shell gasifier. In Task 7, Project Management and Administration, the following activities were completed: the subcontract agreement between Amoco and Bechtel was negotiated; a first technical progress meeting was held at the Bechtel office in February; and the final Project Management Plan was approved by PETC and issued in March 1992.

  8. Baseline design/economics for advanced Fischer-Tropsch technology. Quarterly report, October--December 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    Bechtel, with Amoco as the main subcontractor, initiated a study on September 26, 1991, for the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) to develop a computer model and baseline design for advanced Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology. This 24-month study, with an approved budget of $2.3 million, is being performed under DOE Contract Number AC22-91PC90027. (1) Develop a baseline design and two alternative designs for indirect liquefaction using advanced F-T technology. The baseline design uses Illinois No. 6 Eastern Coal and conventional refining. There is an alternative refining case using ZSM-5 treatment of the vapor stream from the slurry F-T reactor and an alternative coal case using Western coal from the Powder River Basin. (2) Prepare the capital and operating costs for the baseline design and the alternatives. Individual plant costs for the alternative cases will be prorated on capacity, wherever possible, from the baseline case. (3) Develop a process flowsheet simulation (PFS) model. The baseline design, the economic analysis and computer model will be major research planning tools that PETC will use to plan, guide and evaluate its ongoing and future research and commercialization programs relating to indirect coal liquefaction for the manufacture of synthetic liquid fuels from coal.

  9. Gulf Coast geopressured-geothermal program summary report compilation. Volume 2-B: Resource description, program history, wells tested, university and company based research, site restoration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John, C.J.; Maciasz, G.; Harder, B.J.

    1998-06-01

    The US Department of Energy established a geopressured-geothermal energy program in the mid 1970`s as one response to America`s need to develop alternate energy resources in view of the increasing dependence on imported fossil fuel energy. This program continued for 17 years and approximately two hundred million dollars were expended for various types of research and well testing to thoroughly investigate this alternative energy source. This volume describes the following studies: Design well program; LaFourche Crossing; MG-T/DOE Amoco Fee No. 1 (Sweet Lake); Environmental monitoring at Sweet Lake; Air quality; Water quality; Microseismic monitoring; Subsidence; Dow/DOE L.R. Sweezy No. 1 well; Reservoir testing; Environmental monitoring at Parcperdue; Air monitoring; Water runoff; Groundwater; Microseismic events; Subsidence; Environmental consideration at site; Gladys McCall No. 1 well; Test results of Gladys McCall; Hydrocarbons in production gas and brine; Environmental monitoring at the Gladys McCall site; Pleasant Bayou No. 2 well; Pleasant Bayou hybrid power system; Environmental monitoring at Pleasant Bayou; and Plug abandonment and well site restoration of three geopressured-geothermal test sites. 197 figs., 64 tabs.

  10. Catalyst activity maintenance study for the liquid phase dimethyl ether process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, X.D.; Toseland, B.A.; Underwood, R.P.

    1995-12-31

    The co-production of dimethyl ether (DME) and methanol from syngas is a process of considerable commercial attractiveness. DME coproduction can double the productivity of a LPMEOH process when using coal-derived syngas. This in itself may offer chemical producers and power companies increased flexibility and more profitable operation. DME is also known as a clean burning liquid fuel; Amoco and Haldor-Topsoe have recently announced the use of DME as an alternative diesel fuel. Moreover, DME can be an interesting intermediate in the production of chemicals such as olefins and vinyl acetate. The current APCl liquid phase dimethyl ether (LPDME) process utilizes a physical mixture of a commercial methanol synthesis catalyst and a dehydration catalyst (e.g., {gamma}-alumina). While this arrangement provides a synergy that results in much higher syngas conversion per pass compared to the methanol-only process, the stability of the catalyst system suffers. The present project is aimed at reducing catalyst deactivation both by understanding the cause(s) of catalyst deactivation and by developing modified catalyst systems. This paper describes the current understanding of the deactivation mechanism.

  11. Proposed premium diesel fuel spec elicits calls for tougher, better defined parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peckham, J.

    1998-01-01

    The debate over the definition of premium diesel fuel - what it is and what it should be - is heating up in industry circles. A number of automotive associations, additive makers and standards-setting organizations have jumped into the fray, and the fight is likely to turn volcanic when it comes down to deciding exactly what will constitute a premium diesel and how its properties will be measured. This story details some recent developments in and responses to the ongoing conflict. The Engine Manufacturers Association (EMA), representing 33 international diesel engine makers, recently launched a survey of U.S. diesel fuel marketers to see which ones will offer a fuel meeting EMA`s revised {open_quotes}FQP-1A{close_quotes} premium diesel fuel recommendations. Following the survey, EMA intends to publicize which companies offer such a fuel. The EMA premium fuel specifications are much tougher than the US standard ASTM D 975 fuel and tougher than the newly proposed {open_quotes}premium{close_quotes} diesel fuel from the National Conference of Weights & Measures (NCWM) task force. Earlier this year, Amoco became the first (and so far only) US refiner to offer a fuel meeting all the FQP specifications, but only in certain Midwest markets.

  12. Refining and end use study of coal liquids. Quarterly report, October--December 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    Bechtel, with Southwest Research Institute, Amoco Oil R&D, and the M.W. Kellog Co. as subcontractors, initiated a study on November 1, 1993 for the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) to determine the most cost effective and suitable combination of existing petroleum refinery processes needed to make specification transportation fuels or blending stocks, from direct and indirect coal liquefaction product liquids. The work has been divided into two parts, the Basic Program and Option 1. The objectives of the Basic Program are to characterize the coal liquids, develop an optimized refinery configuration for processing indirect and direct coal liquids, and develop a LP refinery model with the Process Industry Modeling System (PIMS) software. The objectives of Option 1 are to confirm the validity of the optimization work of the Basic Program, produce large quantities of liquid transportation fuel blending stocks, conduct engine emission tests, and determine the value and the processing costs of the coal liquids. The major efforts during the reporting period, October through December 1996, were in the areas of Option 1 blending and Option 1 FCC production run.

  13. Upper Pleistocene-to-Holocene depositional sequences in the north-central Gulf of Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowland, C. ); Wood, L.J. )

    1991-03-01

    Upper Quaternary depositional sequences and their systems tracts can be delineated in the Main Pass area using minisparker seismic data. Core collected by the Gulf of Mexico Outer Shelf/Slope Research Consortium (Amoco, ARCO, BP, Chevron, Elf-Aquitaine, Exxon, Marathon, Mobil, and Texaco) sampled these systems tracts on one site in Main Pass 303. At the shelfbreak, a distinct change in depositional style occurs across the latest Wisconsinan sequence boundary. Widespread progradational systems (late highstand systems tract) below become focused into discrete depocenters with predominantly aggradational deposits (lowstand systems tract) above. Focusing was probably a result of localized high subsidence rates due to salt movement, progradation into rapidly deepening water, and, possibly, stabilization of sediment transport paths on the exposed shelf. No age-equivalent submarine canyons are present in this area. The oldest mappable systems tract is a highstand systems tract deposited during stage 3 interstadial and the early-to-middle stage 2 glacial. The overlying transgressive systems tract was deposited coeval with the stage 2-stage 1 transition. It thins in a land-ward direction, except where an updip depocenter was present. At the corehole site, the transgressive systems tract consists of fining-upward deposits ranging from medium-grained sands to clays. The transgressive systems tract includes small slope-front-fill lenses deposited on the uppermost slope above and adjacent to lowstand deltaic depocenters. These lenses likely comprise silt and clay derived from either reworking of lowstand deltas or sediment bypassing the outer shelf.

  14. PDU Run 10

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-09-01

    PDU Run 10, a 46-day H-Coal syncrude mode operation using Wyodak coal, successfully met all targeted objectives, and was the longest PDU operation to date in this program. Targeted coal conversion of 90 W % was exceeded with a C/sub 4/-975/sup 0/F distillate yield of 43 to 48 W %. Amocat 1A catalyst was qualified for Pilot Plant operation based on improved operation and superior performance. PDU 10 achieved improved yields and lower hydrogen consumption compared to PDU 6, a similar operation. High hydroclone efficiency and high solids content in the vacuum still were maintained throughout the run. Steady operations at lower oil/solids ratios were demonstrated. Microautoclave testing was introduced as an operational aid. Four additional studies were successfully completed during PDU 10. These included a catalyst tracer study in conjunction with Sandia Laboratories; tests on letdown valve trims for Battelle; a fluid dynamics study with Amoco; and special high-pressure liquid sampling.

  15. A case study of the intrinsic bioremediation of petroleum hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, G.W.; Raterman, K.T.; Fisher, J.B.; Corgan, J.M.

    1995-12-31

    Condensate liquids have been found to contaminate soil and groundwater at two gas production sites in the Denver Basin operated by Amoco Production Co. These sites have been closely monitored since July 1993 to determine whether intrinsic aerobic or anaerobic bioremediation of hydrocarbons occurs at a sufficient rate and to an adequate endpoint to support a no-intervention decision. Groundwater monitoring and analysis of soil cores suggest that intrinsic bioremediation is occurring at these sites by multiple pathways including aerobic oxidation, Fe{sup 3+} reduction, and sulfate reduction. In laboratory experiments the addition of gas condensate hydrocarbons to saturated soil from the gas production site stimulated sulfate reduction under anaerobic and oxygen-limiting conditions, and nitrate and Fe{sup 3+} reduction under oxygen-limiting conditions, compared to biotic controls that lacked hydrocarbon and sterile controls. The sulfate reduction corresponded to a reduction in the amount of toluene relative to other hydrocarbons. These results confirmed that subsurface soils at the gas production site have the potential for intrinsic bioremediation of hydrocarbons.

  16. Saga of coal bed methane, Ignacio Blanco gas field, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyce, B.C.; Harr, C.L.; Burch, L.C. )

    1989-09-01

    Prior to the 1977 discovery of the Cedar Hill Basal Fruitland pool (the first officially designated coal-bed methane field in the western US) 28.5 bcf of gas had been produced from Fruitland Formation coal seams in the Ignacio Blanco Fruitland-Pictured Cliffs field, Northern San Juan basin, Colorado. The discovery well for the field, Southern Ute D-1, was drilled and completed in 1951 on the Ignacio anticline, La Plata County, Colorado. Initial completion was attempted in the Pictured Cliffs Sandstone. The well was plugged back after making water from the Pictured Cliffs and was completed in the lower coal-bearing section of the Fruitland Formation. The well produced 487,333 mcf of gas in nine years and was abandoned in 1959 due to water encroachment. Additionally, 52 similarly completed Ignacio anticline Fruitland wells were abandoned by the early 1970s due to the nemesis of If it's starting to kick water, you're through. Under today's coal-bed methane technology and economics, Amoco has twinned 12 of the abandoned wells, drilled five additional wells, and is successfully dewatering and producing adsorbed methane from previously depleted coal sections of the Ignacio structure. Field-wide drilling activity in 1988 exceeded all previous annual levels, with coal-seam degasification projects leading the resurgence. Drilling and completion forecasts for 1989 surpass 1988 levels by 50%.

  17. Baseline design/economics for advanced Fischer-Tropsch technology. Quarterly report, April--June 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    Effective September 26, 1991, Bechtel, with Amoco as the main subcontractor, initiated a study to develop a computer model and baseline design for advanced Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology for the US Department of Energy`s Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC). The objectives of the study are to: Develop a baseline design for indirect liquefaction using advanced F-T technology; prepare the capital and operating costs for the baseline design; and develop a process flow sheet simulation (PI-S) model. The baseline design, the economic analysis, and the computer model win be the major research planning tools that PETC will use to plan, guide, and evaluate its ongoing and future research and commercialization programs relating to indirect coal liquefaction. for the manufacture of synthetic liquid fuels from coal. This report is Bechtel`s third quarterly technical progress report covering the period from March 16, 1992 through June 21, 1992. This report consists of seven sections: Section 1 - introduction; Section 2 - summary; Section 3 - carbon dioxide removal tradeoff study; Section 4 - preliminary plant designs for coal preparation; Section 5 - preliminary design for syngas production; Section 6 - Task 3 - engineering design criteria; and Section 7 - project management.

  18. Fuel from wastewater : harnessing a potential energy source in Canada through the co-location of algae biofuel production to sources of effluent, heat and CO2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passell, Howard David; Whalen, Jake; Pienkos, Philip P.; O'Leary, Stephen J.; Roach, Jesse Dillon; Moreland, Barbara D.; Klise, Geoffrey Taylor

    2010-12-01

    Sandia National Laboratories is collaborating with the National Research Council (NRC) Canada and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a decision-support model that will evaluate the tradeoffs associated with high-latitude algae biofuel production co-located with wastewater, CO2, and waste heat. This project helps Canada meet its goal of diversifying fuel sources with algae-based biofuels. The biofuel production will provide a wide range of benefits including wastewater treatment, CO2 reuse and reduction of demand for fossil-based fuels. The higher energy density in algae-based fuels gives them an advantage over crop-based biofuels as the 'production' footprint required is much less, resulting in less water consumed and little, if any conversion of agricultural land from food to fuel production. Besides being a potential source for liquid fuel, algae have the potential to be used to generate electricity through the burning of dried biomass, or anaerobically digested to generate methane for electricity production. Co-locating algae production with waste streams may be crucial for making algae an economically valuable fuel source, and will certainly improve its overall ecological sustainability. The modeling process will address these questions, and others that are important to the use of water for energy production: What are the locations where all resources are co-located, and what volumes of algal biomass and oil can be produced there? In locations where co-location does not occur, what resources should be transported, and how far, while maintaining economic viability? This work is being funded through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Biomass Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, and is part of a larger collaborative effort that includes sampling, strain isolation, strain characterization and cultivation being performed by the NREL and Canada's NRC. Results from the NREL / NRC collaboration including specific

  19. Analysis of palladium coatings to remove hydrogen isotopes from zirconium fuel rods in Canada deuterium uranium-pressurized heavy water reactors; Thermal and neutron diffusion effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stokes, C.L.; Buxbaum, R.E. )

    1992-05-01

    This paper reports that, in pressurized heavy water nuclear reactors of the type standardly used in Canada (Canada deuterium uranium-pressurized heavy water reactors), the zirconium alloy pressure tubes of the core absorb deuterium produced by corrosion reactions. This deuterium weakens the tubes through hydrogen embrittlement. Thin palladium coatings on the outside of the zirconium are analyzed as a method for deuterium removal. This coating is expected to catalyze the reaction D{sub 2} + 1/2O{sub 2} {r reversible} D{sub 2}O when O{sub 2} is added to the annular (insulating) gas in the tubes. Major reductions in the deuterium concentration and, hence, hydrogen embrittlement are predicted. Potential problems such as plating the tube geometry, neutron absorption, catalyst deactivation, radioactive waste production, and oxygen corrosion are shown to be manageable. Also, a simple set of equations are derived to calculate the effect on diffusion caused by neutron interactions. Based on calculations of ordinary and neutron flux induced diffusion, a palladium coating of 1 {times} 10{sup {minus}6} m is recommended. This would cost approximately $60,000 per reactor unit and should more than double reactor lifetime. Similar coatings and similar interdiffusion calculations might have broad applications.

  20. Solarnorth '81 by Tymura Solardesigns: diverse residential, commercial and industrial projects at and above the 48th parallel in Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tymura, E.J.

    1981-01-01

    Solar Energy Heating Applications are On the Rise in and above the Northwestern City of Thunder Bay, on the northern shore of Lake Superior. Unique in their diversifications, the architectural commissions range from pure passive residential design thru hybrid systems; residential Greenhouse-Solarium active swimming pool and commercial hotel pool to inexpensive hybrid system for Canada's First Commercial Solar Lumber Drying Kiln; as well as combined earth sheltered with solar system design for a dormitory complex and shopping center. By May 1981, 7 buildings designed by Tymura Solardesigns in the Thunder Bay area will have been subjected to the Extreme Canadian climate (10,500/sup 0/F degree days, yearly temperature maximums from -41/sup 0/F to 90/sup 0/F, and solar fractions vary from 50% to 75%, with economic payback periods ranging between 7 and 10 years.

  1. Proposed amendment to presidential permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada. [Forbes Substation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company's (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP's original amendment request remain valid.

  2. The Impact of Biomass Feedstock Supply Variability on the Delivered Price to a Biorefinery in the Peace River Region of Alberta, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stephen, Jamie; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine; Bi, X.T.; Sowlati, T.; Kloeck, T.; Townley-Smith, Lawrence; Stumborg, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Agricultural residue feedstock availability in a given region can vary significantly over the 20 25 year lifetime of a biorefinery. Since delivered price of biomass feedstock to a biorefinery is related to the distance travelled and equipment optimization, and transportation distance increases as productivity decreases, productivity is a primary determinant of feedstock price. Using the Integrated Biomass Supply Analysis and Logistics (IBSAL) modeling environment and a standard round bale harvest and delivery scenario, harvest and delivery price were modelled for minimum, average, and maximum yields at four potential biorefinery sites in the Peace River region of Alberta, Canada. Biorefinery capacities ranged from 50,000 to 500,000 tonnes per year. Delivery cost is a linear function of transportation distance and can be combined with a polynomial harvest function to create a generalized delivered cost function for agricultural residues. The range in delivered cost is substantial and is an important consideration for the operating costs of a biorefinery.

  3. Impacts of Water Levels on Breeding Canada Geese and Methods for Mitigation and Management in the Southern Flathead Valley, Montana, 1983-1987 Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, Dennis L.; Gregory, Shari K.; Matthews, William C. Jr.; Claar, James J.; Ball, I. Joseph

    1987-11-01

    Kerr Hydroelectric Dam is located at the south end of Flathead Lake, controls water levels on the lake and the Flathead River below the dam, and is currently operated as a load control facility. Current operation of Kerr Dam creates the greatest yearly water level fluctuations on both the lake and river during the Canada goose (Branta canadensis moffitti) brood and nesting period. Data collected from 1980-1982 indicated that goose nest numbers on the river were lower than during the 1950's, and that brood habitat on the lake may be limiting the goose population there. Our study was conducted from 1983-1987 to determine the effects of Kerr Dam operation on Canada goose populations and habitat on the south half of Flathead Lake and the Flathead River, and to formulate management and mitigation recommendations. Nesting geese on the river appeared to be negatively affected by a lack of nest sites free from predators, and responded to available artificial nest structures with an increase in nest numbers and nesting success. Under current dam operation, river channel depths and widths do not discourage access to nesting islands by mammalian predators during some years and high predation on ground nests occurs. Intensively used brood areas on the lake and river were identified and described. Brood habitat on the lake was lower in quality and quantity than on the river due to dam operations. Gosling mortality on the lake was high, almost 2 times higher than on the river. Lake broods expended more energy obtaining food than river broods. Losses of brood habitat in the form of wet meadow marshes were documented and mitigation options developed. Management/mitigation alternatives and monitoring methods for nesting and brooding geese were identified.

  4. Chlorinated hydrocarbons in early life stages of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina serpentina) from a coastal wetland on Lake Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, C.A.; Lean, D.R.S.; Carey, J.H.; Brooks, R.J.; Ng, P.

    1995-03-01

    To assess intra-clutch variation in contaminant concentrations in eggs, and to investigate the dynamics of chlorinated hydrocarbon accumulation in embryos of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina), concentrations of p,p{prime}-DDE, hexachlorobenzene, trans-nonachlor, cis-chlordane, and six PCB congeners were measured in eggs, embryos, and hatchlings. Samples were collected from Cootes Paradise, a wetland at the western end of Lake Ontario, Ontario, Canada. The intra-clutch variation in chlorinated hydrocarbon concentrations within four snapping turtle clutches was determined by analyzing the first, last, and middle five eggs oviposited in the nest. The first five eggs had the highest mean concentrations of all chlorinated hydrocarbons, wet weight, and egg diameter. On a lipid weight basis, the first five eggs contained the highest concentration of all compounds except total PCBs and cis-chlordane. The concentration of cis-chlordane was the only parameter measured that was significantly different among the three sets of eggs. At hatching, snapping turtles without yolk sacs contained from 55.2 to 90.5% of the absolute amount of organochlorine compounds measured in the egg at oviposition. Eighteen days after hatching, the body burden of PCBs and pesticides decreased to 45.3 to 62.2% of that in the fresh egg. The accumulation of organochlorine chemicals in embryonic turtles peaked at or just before hatching and then declined thereafter, which is consistent with trends reported in developing sea turtles, fish, and birds.

  5. Preservation of high primary porosity in Paleozoic crinoidal and bioclastic grainstones: Mississippian and Permian subsurface examples from western Canada and Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eby, D.E. ); Kirkby, K.C. )

    1991-03-01

    Limestone reservoirs with anomalously high porosity and permeability exist in several Paleozoic basinal settings in western North America. They are commonly either crinoidal or bioclastic grainstones that escaped the varied diagenetic environments that most carbonate shelves and slopes experience during sea-level fluctuations. Thus, these diagenetically 'conservative' settings can preserve most of the primary depositional porosity in calcarenites because of sedimentation and burial within normal marine basinal waters. These excellent reservoirs are often encased in deep marine, highly organic shales which may serve as both source rock and seal. Several subsurface examples of remarkable primary porosity occur within Mississippian Waulsortian buildups of western Canada and north-center Texas. Buildups within the Pekisko Formation of Alberta, for instance, contain abundant flanking crinoidal/bryozoan grainstones with up to 25% primary porosity and 10 d permeability. Muddy core facies with productive flank and capping calcarenites are up to 300 ft (90 m) thick and 600-1,200 ft (182-364 m) in diameter. The Bowar 'reef complex' in the Chappel Formation of Stephens County, Texas (2.6 MMBO to date) is similar in many respects to the Canadian buildups. Diagenetic 'conservatism' has also promoted excellent reservoir quality within the outer slope to basinal lower Permian bioclastic grain-flow deposit ('Wolfcamp detrital') plays of the eastern Midland basin where significant diagenesis was arrested after basinal deposition. Interpretations of these examples based upon core and outcrop control provide analogs for future exploration and exploitation in highly porous basinal carbonate reservoirs.

  6. An Investigation into the Transportation of Irradiated Uranium/Aluminum Targets from a Foreign Nuclear Reactor to the Chalk River Laboratories Site in Ontario, Canada - 12249

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clough, Malcolm; Jackson, Austin

    2012-07-01

    This investigation required the selection of a suitable cask and development of a device to hold and transport irradiated targets from a foreign nuclear reactor to the Chalk River Laboratories in Ontario, Canada. The main challenge was to design and validate a target holder to protect the irradiated HEU-Al target pencils during transit. Each of the targets was estimated to have an initial decay heat of 118 W prior to transit. As the targets have little thermal mass the potential for high temperature damage and possibly melting was high. Thus, the primary design objective was to conceive a target holder to dissipate heat from the targets. Other design requirements included securing the targets during transportation and providing a simple means to load and unload the targets while submerged five metres under water. A unique target holder (patent pending) was designed and manufactured together with special purpose experimental apparatus including a representative cask. Aluminum dummy targets were fabricated to accept cartridge heaters, to simulate decay heat. Thermocouples were used to measure the temperature of the test targets and selected areas within the target holder and test cask. After obtaining test results, calculations were performed to compensate for differences between experimental and real life conditions. Taking compensation into consideration the maximum target temperature reached was 231 deg. C which was below the designated maximum of 250 deg. C. The design of the aluminum target holder also allowed generous clearance to insert and unload the targets. This clearance was designed to close up as the target holder is placed into the cavity of the transport cask. Springs served to retain and restrain the targets from movement during transportation as well as to facilitate conductive heat transfer. The target holder met the design requirements and as such provided data supporting the feasibility of transporting targets over a relatively long period of time

  7. Concentrations of metals in tissues of lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) near a copper-nickel smelter at Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: A factor analytic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagatto, G.; Shorthouse, J.D. ); Crowder, A.A. )

    1993-10-01

    Ecosystems damaged by emissions from the copper-nickel smelters of Inco and Falconbridge Ltd. near Sudbury, Ontario, Canada have provided a unique opportunity to study the effects of metal particulates and sulphur dioxide fumigations on plant and animal communities. The most infamous terrain in the Sudbury region is nearest the smelters (two active and one closed), where nearly all vegetation has been destroyed and soils eroded and contaminated. However, over all the past twenty years, some species of plants have developed a tolerance to polluted soils and some denuded lands have been naturally and artificially revegetated. Furthermore, a series of unique anthropogenic forests have developed away from the smelters. Several studies on the accumulation of metals in plant tissues indicate the levels of metals are usually highest closest to the smelters. Consequently, several studies have reported high correlations between plant concentrations of certain metals with distance from the source of pollution. However, tissue metal burdens are not always correlated with distance from the emission source, suggesting that other biological and physico-chemical factors may influence tissue metal burdens in the Sudbury habitat. The present study provides information on the metal burdens in another plant, lowbush blueberry, growing both near and away from the smelters. This study assesses the apparent influence of the Sudbury smelting operations on plant tissue burdens of five additional elements, along with copper and nickel, by using a factor analytic approach. This approach will allow determination of underlying factors which govern tissue metal burdens in a polluted environment and helps to refine the future direction of research in the Sudbury ecosystem. 12 refs., 2 tabs.

  8. The case for a cause-effect linkage between environmental contamination and development in eggs of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra S. serpentina) from Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, C.A.; Brooks, R.J.; Carey, J.H.; Ng, P.; Norstrom, R.J.; Lean, D.R. )

    1991-08-01

    Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dibenzo-p-dioxins, and dibenzofurans, organochlorine pesticides, and their metabolites were measured in eggs of the common snapping turtle (Chelydra s.serpentina) collected from four wetlands on the shorelines of Lakes Ontario, and Erie, and one control location in central Ontario, Canada. Snapping turtle eggs from these sites were also artificially incubated to determine hatching success, and incidence of deformities in embryo and hatchling turtles. The hypothesis that elevated incidences of egg death and/or deformities of hatchling turtles would occur in populations with high concentrations of organochlorine contaminants in eggs was tested. The results were elevated using epidemiological criteria. Unhatched eggs and deformities occurred at significantly higher rates in eggs from Lake Ontario wetlands. Two of three sites from Lake Ontario had substantially higher levels of PCBs, dioxins, and furans compared to eggs from Lake Erie and the control site. It could not be shown that contamination of eggs preceded the occurrence of poor development of eggs, although excellent hatching success and low numbers of deformities in eggs from the control site were considered representative of development in healthy eggs. The statistical association between contaminant levels in eggs and poor development of these eggs supported the hypothesis that eggs from sites with the greatest contamination had the highest rates of abnormalities. PCBs were the most strongly associated chemicals, although possible effects due to the presence of other chemicals in eggs was a confounding factor. The deformities and rates of unhatched eggs were similar to those occurring in other vertebrates collected from highly contaminated areas of the Great Lakes. 54 references.

  9. Sequence stratigraphic analysis of individual depositional successions: Effects of marine/nonmarine sediment partitioning and longitudinal sediment transport, Mannville Group, Alberta Foreland Basin, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cant, D.J.

    1995-05-01

    In the Falher Member of the Mannville Group (Aptian-Albian) of western Canada, two shoreline successions contain the reservoir conglomerates for the giant Elmworth gas field. The Falher B succession has basal sheetlike shoreface unit of hummocky cross-stratified sandstone that thins seaward and terminates about 30km north (seaward) of the landward limit of the transgression. Another 25 km farther basinward, the succession shows a 20-30-m-thick sandstone, unattached to the prograding shoreface, and an overlying coarsening-upward shoreface succession with thin muds and coals, interpreted as back-barrier deposits. In the upper (Falher A) succession, immediately landward (south) of the barriers, fluvial valleys were incised into nonmarine mudstones and coals during the base-level fall. As relative sea level subsequently rose, in nonmarine areas the valleys were filled by estuarine and fluvial sands, then a widespread sheet of fine-grained nonmarine sediment was deposited. At the same time, the shoreline migrated back across the shelf. As it reached the original shorezone (structurally controlled), reworking of underlying deposits successively generated three gravelly barrier islands superimposed on the sandy shoreface succession. The conglomeratic reservoirs all rest above the unconformities, in the transgressive depositional system. Westward (alongshore) toward the thrust belt, no falling or lowstand sea level succession developed. Instead, a wide regressive shoreface sandstone with a transgressive cap occurs. Subsidence rates were higher in this area, and relative sea level appears always to have risen, but at varying rates. Any two-dimensional sequence stratigraphic model, therefore, is inadequate to describe the lateral variation of the sequence and distribution of shoreface sandstones, because the subsidence gradient was not parallel to the direction of shoreface progradation.

  10. Statistical and systematic errors in the measurement of weak-lensing Minkowski functionals: Application to the Canada-France-Hawaii Lensing Survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shirasaki, Masato; Yoshida, Naoki

    2014-05-01

    The measurement of cosmic shear using weak gravitational lensing is a challenging task that involves a number of complicated procedures. We study in detail the systematic errors in the measurement of weak-lensing Minkowski Functionals (MFs). Specifically, we focus on systematics associated with galaxy shape measurements, photometric redshift errors, and shear calibration correction. We first generate mock weak-lensing catalogs that directly incorporate the actual observational characteristics of the Canada-France-Hawaii Lensing Survey (CFHTLenS). We then perform a Fisher analysis using the large set of mock catalogs for various cosmological models. We find that the statistical error associated with the observational effects degrades the cosmological parameter constraints by a factor of a few. The Subaru Hyper Suprime-Cam (HSC) survey with a sky coverage of ?1400 deg{sup 2} will constrain the dark energy equation of the state parameter with an error of ?w {sub 0} ? 0.25 by the lensing MFs alone, but biases induced by the systematics can be comparable to the 1? error. We conclude that the lensing MFs are powerful statistics beyond the two-point statistics only if well-calibrated measurement of both the redshifts and the shapes of source galaxies is performed. Finally, we analyze the CFHTLenS data to explore the ability of the MFs to break degeneracies between a few cosmological parameters. Using a combined analysis of the MFs and the shear correlation function, we derive the matter density ?{sub m0}=0.256{sub 0.046}{sup 0.054}.

  11. Development of a hydraulic borehole seismic source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cutler, R.P.

    1998-04-01

    This report describes a 5 year, $10 million Sandia/Industry project to develop an advanced borehole seismic source for use in oil and gas exploration and production. The development Team included Sandia, Chevron, Amoco, Conoco, Exxon, Raytheon, Pelton, and GRI. The seismic source that was developed is a vertically oriented, axial point force, swept frequency, clamped, reaction-mass vibrator design. It was based on an early Chevron prototype, but the new tool incorporates a number of improvements which make it far superior to the original prototype. The system consists of surface control electronics, a special heavy duty fiber optic wireline and draw works, a cablehead, hydraulic motor/pump module, electronics module, clamp, and axial vibrator module. The tool has a peak output of 7,000 lbs force and a useful frequency range of 5 to 800 Hz. It can operate in fluid filled wells with 5.5-inch or larger casing to depths of 20,000 ft and operating temperatures of 170 C. The tool includes fiber optic telemetry, force and phase control, provisions to add seismic receiver arrays below the source for single well imaging, and provisions for adding other vibrator modules to the tool in the future. The project yielded four important deliverables: a complete advanced borehole seismic source system with all associated field equipment; field demonstration surveys funded by industry showing the utility of the system; industrial sources for all of the hardware; and a new service company set up by their industrial partner to provide commercial surveys.

  12. Product evaluation of Fischer-Tropsch derived fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marano, J.J.; Rogers, S.; Choi, G.N.; Kramer, S.J.

    1994-12-31

    The Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of 1990 have placed stringent requirements on the quality of transportation fuels. Most petroleum refiners are scrambling to meet provisions of the Amendments to be implemented between 1995 and 2000. These requirements will also have significant implications for the production of alternative fuels. These have been examined for Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) derived fuels. This analysis was conducted in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) sponsored project, Baseline Design/Economics for Advanced Fischer-Tropsch Technology, conducted by Bechtel and Amoco. The goal of this study was to develop a baseline design for indirect liquefaction of Illinois No. 6 coal using gasification, syngas conversion in slurry reactors with iron catalysts, and conventional refinery upgrading of the F-T derived hydrocarbon liquids. One alternative case using ZSM-5 upgrading technology was also considered. This study included complete capital and operating cost estimates for the processes. To perform economic analyses for the different design cases, the products from the liquefaction plant had to be valued relative to conventional transportation fuels. This task was accomplished by developing a Linear Programming (LP) model for a typical midwest refinery, and then feeding the F-T liquids to the refinery. In this way, the breakeven value determined for these materials is indicative of the price they could command if available in the marketplace. Inputs to the LP model include: refinery size, configuration, feedstocks, products, specifications, prices, and operating and capital recovery costs. The model was set up to be representative of conditions anticipated for the turn of the century. This required inclusion of fuel specifications from the CAAA of 1990 which have or will come into force by the year 2000.

  13. Synthesis of oxygenate products for high volume fuels applications. Quarterly technical progress report, November 1, 1994--January 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-03-08

    The objective of this project is to develop high yield syntheses of oxygenate products that are liquid at room temperature using as starting materials dimethy ether (DME) or methanol. The identified products include: Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC), 1,1-Dimethoxyethane (DMOE), C{sub 2}{sup +} Alcohols/Ethers (C{sub 2}AE). The technical strategy is outlined below: (A) Synthesis of DMC via oxidative carbonylation of DME instead of methanol. Since this synthesis would not co-produce water as a byproduct, there is a potential for very high DME conversions in contrast to the low (ca 20%) conversions obtained in conventional plants. Technical emphasis will be placed on development of a supported copper catalyst with a capability for cleavage of DME into its chemisorbed organic moieties. (B) Synthesis of 1,1-dimethoxymethane (DMOE) from acetylene/CO/H{sub 2} process streams obtained from commercial methane oxidative pyrolysis processes. In the overall processing scheme the syngas would be converted to DME. The wet acetylene stream would be partially condensed to retain an equivalent of water and then condensed with DME to produce EMOE. (C) Direct conversion of DME or DME/methanol to ethanol/propanol or their methyl ethers. Under the influence of functionalized alcohol condensation catalysts developed exclusively at Amoco it should be possible to achieve direct conversion of dimethyl ether (or methanol) to ethanol/propanol and/or the methyl ethers of these alcohols. Although this reaction is not currently known, a combination of key catalyst components from identified systems should result in a DME conversion catalyst to C{sub 2}+ oxygenates. (D) Reaction of DME or acetylene with synthesis gas (CO/H{sub 2}) or methanol. A variety of catalysts will be tested for conversion of acetylene/CO/H{sub 2} or acetylene/methanol to propylene and conversion of DME/CO/H{sub 2} or DME/methanol to dimenthyoxymethane (DMM) and/or other oxygenates.

  14. Integrated seismic study of naturally fractured tight gas reservoirs. Final report, September 1991--January 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mavko, G.; Nur, A.

    1995-01-01

    The approach in this project has been to integrate the principles of rock physics into a quantitative processing and interpretation scheme that exploits, where possible, the broader spectrum of fracture zone signatures: (1) anomalous compressional and shear wave velocity; (2) Q and velocity dispersion; (3) increased velocity anisotropy; (4) amplitude vs. offset (AVO) response, and (5) variations in frequency content. As part of this the authors have attempted to refine some of the theoretical rock physics tools that should be applied in any field study to link the observed seismic signatures to the physical/geologic description of the fractured rock. The project had 3 key elements: (1) rock physics studies of the anisotropic viscoelastic signatures of fractured rocks, (2) acquisition and processing of seismic reflection field data, and (3) interpretation of seismic and well log data. The study site is in a producing field operated by Amoco and Arco at the southern boundary of the Powder River basin in Wyoming. During the winter of 1992--1993 the authors collected about 50 km of 9-component reflection seismic data and obtained existing log data from several wells in the vicinity. The paper gives background information on laboratory studies, seismic field studies of fracture anisotropy, and the problem of upscaling from the laboratory to the field. It discusses fluid effects on seismic anisotropy and a method for predicting stress-induced seismic anisotropy. Then results from the field experiment are presented and discussed: regional geologic framework and site description; seismic data acquisition; shear wave data and validation; and P-wave data analysis. 106 refs., 52 figs.

  15. Liuhua 11-1 development -- Design and fabrication considerations for the FPSO Nanhai Sheng Li

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frantz, J.P.; Koster, T.E.; Yu, L.; Haire, W.M.; Shimamura, Yoshihide

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes the development, design, and fabrication of the crude oil process facilities, and the conversion of an existing tanker for use at the Liuhua 11-1 Field. Over a 16-month period spanning 1994 and 1995, Amoco Orient Petroleum Company, and partners, China Offshore Oil Nanhai East Corporation (CONHE), and Kerr-McGee China Petroleum Ltd., converted a crude oil tanker originally built in 1975 to the Nanhai Sheng Li, the floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) facility for the Liuhua 11-1 Field. The FPSO will process up to 65,000 BOPD produced from 20 subsea wells located 1.7 miles away. In addition to the processing facilities for produced oil and water, the FPSO has a processed crude oil storage capacity of 715,000 bbls. The ship`s propulsion system was removed during the conversion, because the FPSO is permanently moored at site by means of a 10-point, ``soft`` mooring. The mooring system was designed to survive the 100-year-return-period typhoon. Several unique aspects of the ship`s conversion, process facility, and mooring system design are discussed. Process design aspects include the flexibility to accommodate wide variations in produced water-oil ratio and total volume, the design considerations of the large water and crude processing equipment, vessel motions during operation, and equipment survival during storms.The FPSO design discussion focuses on global hull strength for surviving a 100-year typhoon. Special design requirements for the mooring turret structural integration to the converted tanker are also discussed.

  16. Completion practices in deep sour Tuscaloosa wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huntoon, G.G.

    1984-01-01

    Successful development of the Tuscaloosa trend in Louisiana has required unique completion practices to produce the trend's deep sour formations. Amoco's operations in the Tuscaloosa formation are between 16,000 and 21,000 ft (4877 and 6400 m), and a range of pressure environments, high temperatures, and corrosive elements is encountered. Application of proved completion practices and equipment has resulted in several techniques that enhance the safety, longevity, and production capacity of these wells. The design of deep Tuscaloosa completions is assisted by a series of correlations developed to project bottomhole and surface shut-in tubing pressures, temperature gradients, and flow capacities for deep sour wells. This paper discusses material selection, completion practices, completion fluids, wellhead equipment, packer designs, corrosion-inhibition systems, and safety and monitoring equipment used in the Tuscaloosa trend. The design of a wellhead surface installation used to detect equipment failure, to pump kill fluids, and to circulate corrosion inhibitors is reviewed. A case study illustrates the methods used in completing a Tuscaloosa well with surface pressures exceeding 16,000 psi (110.3 MPa). Deep high-pressure sour-gas wells can be completed safely if all the elements of the environment that will affect the mechanical integrity of the wellbore are considered in the completion designs. The development of higher-strength material capable of withstanding SSC is needed if wells are completed in formations deeper than 22,000 ft (6700 m). Further research is necessary on the use of alloy steels and nonferrous metals for sour service. Effective high-temperature corrosion inhibitors for heavy zinc bromide completion fluids must be developed before these brines can be used in the Tuscaloosa. The testing of new inhibitors for use in highpressure sour-gas completions should be continued.

  17. Egypt`s first remotely controlled subsea completion -- A Gulf of Suez case history

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    El Hawary, A.; Hoffman, J.G.

    1995-11-01

    A case history of the Gulf of Suez Petroleum Company`s (GUPCO) first remotely controlled subsea completion is provided. The first completion was for well GS 373-2, a previously drilled and tested exploration well located in the south portion of the Gulf of Suez. Subsea technology was utilized to economically justify development of this one well marginal field which was discovered in 1978. Traditional methods proved to be too costly for development, therefore application of a low cost subsea tree was utilized to capture the resources. In the Gulf of Suez many fields have been discovered by have not been developed due to low reserves. These marginal projects can have a profound impact on the revenue and shareholder value if any economic method is used to exploit these opportunities. Platform installation was not feasible due to reserve size, hence the well has remained abandoned until recently. Capturing the experience of Amoco in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Dutch North Sea, GUPCO was able to build a low cost subsea system which would allow for the economic development of the marginal fields discovered in the past. This paper presents a summarized look at subsea completion technology. The cost comparison of traditional development methods will be made, given the local cost structure in Egypt. The application of this technology has some limitations and constraints which will be discussed in the paper. Furthermore the actual field installation of Egypt`s first remotely controlled subsea tree will be summarized. Also included is a discussion on simple remote controls,and offshore installation operations.

  18. FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF A MEMBRANE PROCESS TO RECOVER HEAVY HYDROCARBONS AND TO REMOVE WATER FROM NATURAL GAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unknown

    2002-04-10

    The objective of this project is to design, construct and field demonstrate a 3-MMscfd membrane system to recover natural gas liquids (NGL) and remove water from raw natural gas. The gas processed by the membrane system will meet pipeline specifications for dew point and Btu value, and the process is likely to be significantly less expensive than glycol dehydration followed by propane refrigeration, the principal competitive technology. The BP-Amoco gas processing plant in Pascagoula, MS was finalized as the location for the field demonstration. Detailed drawings of the MTR membrane skid (already constructed) were submitted to the plant in February, 2000. However, problems in reaching an agreement on the specifications of the system compressor delayed the project significantly, so MTR requested (and was subsequently granted) a no-cost extension to the project. Following resolution of the compressor issues, the goal is to order the compressor during the first quarter of 2002, and to start field tests in mid-2002. Information from potential users of the membrane separation process in the natural gas processing industry suggests that applications such as fuel gas conditioning and wellhead gas processing are the most promising initial targets. Therefore, most of our commercialization effort is focused on promoting these applications. Requests for stream evaluations and for design and price quotations have been received through MTR's web site, from direct contact with potential users, and through announcements in industry publications. To date, about 90 commercial quotes have been supplied, and orders totaling about $1.13 million for equipment or rental of membrane units have been received.

  19. Refining and end use study of coal liquids. Quarterly report, October--December 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-31

    Bechtel, with South west research Institute, Amoco Oil R&D, and the M. W. Kellogg Co. as subcontractors, initiated a study on November 1, 1993, for the US Department of Energy`s Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center to determine the most cost effective and suitable combination of existing petroleum refinery processes needed to make specification transportation fuels or blending stocks, from direct and indirect coal liquefaction product liquids. A key objective is to determine the most desirable ways of integrating coal liquefaction liquids into existing petroleum refineries to produce transportation fuels meeting current and future, e.g. year 2000, Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) standards. An integral part of the above objectives is to test the fuels or blends produced and compare them with established ASTM fuels. The comparison will include engine tests to ascertain compliance of the fuels produced with CAAA and other applicable fuel quality and performance standards. To enhance management of the study, the work has been divided into two parts, the Basic Program and Option 1. The objectives of the Basic Program are to: characterize the coal liquids; develop an optimized refinery configuration for processing indirect and direct coal liquids; and develop a LP refinery model with Process Industry Modeling System software. The objective of Option 1 are to: confirm the validity of the optimization work of the Basic Program; produce large quantities of liquid transportation fuel blending stocks; conduct engine emission tests; and determine the value and the processing costs of the coal liquids. The major effort conducted during the fourth quarter of 1995 were in the areas of: IL catalytic cracking--microactivity tests were conducted on various wax blends; IL wax hydrocracking--a pilot plant run was conducted on a wax/petroleum blend; and DL2 characterization and fractionation.

  20. Refining and end use study of coal liquids. Quarterly report, July - September 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    Bechtel, with Southwest Research Institute, Amoco Oil R&D, and the M. W. Kellogg Co. as subcontractors, initiated a study on November 1, 1993, for the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) to determine the most cost effective and suitable combination of existing petroleum refinery processes needed to make specification transportation fuels or blending stocks, from direct and indirect coal liquefaction product liquids. This 47-month study, with an approved budget of $4.4 million dollars, is being performed under DOE Contract Number DE-AC22-93PC91029. A key objective is to determine the most desirable ways of integrating coal liquefaction liquids into existing petroleum refineries to produce transportation fuels meeting current and future, e.g. year 2000, Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) standards. An integral part of the above objectives is to test the fuels or blends produced and compare them with established ASTM fuels. The comparison will include engine tests to ascertain compliance of the fuels produced with CAAA and other applicable fuel quality and performance standards. The final part of the project includes a detailed economic evaluation of the cost of processing the coal liquids to their optimum products. The cost analyses is for the incremental processing cost; in other words, the feed is priced at zero dollars. The study reflects costs for operations using state of the art refinery technology; no capital costs for building new refineries is considered. Some modifications to the existing refinery may be required. Economy of scale dictates the minimum amount of feedstock that should be processed. The major efforts conducted during the third quarter of 1996 were in the areas of hydrotreating production runs and FCC production run. 3 figs., 8 tabs.

  1. CFD code development for performance evaluation of a pilot-scale FCC riser reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, S.L.; Lottes, S.A.; Zhou, C.Q.; Golchert, B.; Petrick, M.

    1997-09-01

    Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) is an important conversion process for the refining industry. The improvement of FCC technology could have a great impact on the public in general by lowering the cost of transportation fuel. A recent review of the FCC technology development by Bienstock et al. of Exxon indicated that the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation can be very effective in the advancement of the technology. Theologos and Markatos used a commercial CFD code to model an FCC riser reactor. National Laboratories of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) have accumulated immense CFD expertise over the years for various engineering applications. A recent DOE survey showed that National Laboratories are using their CFD expertise to help the refinery industry improve the FCC technology under DOE`s Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA). Among them are Los Alamos National Laboratory with Exxon and Amoco and Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) with Chevron and UOP. This abstract briefly describes the current status of ANL`s work. The objectives of the ANL CRADA work are (1) to use a CFD code to simulate FCC riser reactor flow and (2) to evaluate the impacts of operating conditions and design parameters on the product yields. The CFD code used in this work was originally developed for spray combustion simulation in early 1980 at Argonne. It has been successfully applied to diagnosing a number of multi-phase reacting flow problems in a magneto-hydrodynamic power train. A new version of the CFD code developed for the simulation of the FCC riser flow is called Integral CRacKing FLOw (ICRKFLO). The CFD code solves conservation equations of general flow properties for three phases: gaseous species, liquid droplets, and solid particles. General conservation laws are used in conjunction with rate equations governing the mass, momentum, enthalpy, and species for a multi-phase flow with gas species, liquid droplets, and solid particles.

  2. Refining and end use study of coal liquids. Quarterly report, January--March 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-09-01

    Bechtel, with Southwest Research Institute, Amoco Oil R&D, and the M. W. Kellogg Co. as subcontractors, initiated a study on November 1, 1993, for the US Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC) to determine the most cost effective and suitable combination of existing petroleum refinery processes needed to make specification transportation fuels or blending stocks, from direct and indirect coal liquefaction product liquids. A key objective is to determine the most desirable ways of integrating coal liquefaction liquids into existing petroleum refineries to produce transportation fuels meeting current and future, e.g. year 2000, Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) standards. An integral part of the above objectives is to test the fuels or blends produced and compare them with established ASTM fuels. The comparison will include engine tests to ascertain compliance of the fuels produced with CAAA and other applicable fuel quality and performance standards. The final part of the project includes a detailed economic evaluation of the cost of processing the coal liquids to their optimum products. The cost analyses is for the incremental processing cost; in other words, the feed is priced at zero dollars. The study reflects costs for operations using state of the art refinery technology; no capital costs for building new refineries is considered. Some modifications to the existing refinery may be required. Economy of scale dictates the minimum amount of feedstock that should be processed. The major efforts conducted during the first quarter of 1996 were in the areas of: DL2 light distillate hydrotreating; and DL2 heave distillate catalytic cracking.

  3. Report on DOE - industry workshop on Computer-Aided Catalyst Design (CACD)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hay, P.J.

    1994-07-01

    Representatives from industry, national laboratories, and the DOE met to review the status of the DOE-sponsored Computer-Aided Catalyst Design (CACD) program and to assess current industrial needs in CACD. Of the 40 participants at the workshop, nearly half were from industry representing 12 companies--Arco Chemical, Amoco Chemical, Biosym, Dow, DuPont, Exxon, Ford, General Motors, Mobil, Monsanto, W.R. Grace and Union Carbide--that included nine of the largest chemical producers in the U.S. representing $61 billion in chemical sales in 1993. An overview of developments in catalyst modeling at the national laboratories was presented, and current CACD-related activities at each of the companies were described by the industrial participants. The CACD program is addressing important industry needs and is having a significant impact despite the current limited scope and budget. The industrial participants urged the program to continue to target specific areas and to encourage collaborative work among the national labs. Industrial participants expressed strong interest in increased interactions with CACD activities at the national labs, where competencies in theory, modeling, and simulation complement the traditional strengths of catalysis expertise in industry. The chemical, refining and automotive industries face continual economic and environmental pressures for now or improved catalytic processes that are more efficient and produce fewer undesirable byproducts. CACD is viewed as an effective means to enhance experimental catalysis research. The industrial participants attested to the importance of developing and applying catalysis modeling capabilities. The companies represented at the meeting had varying degrees of activity in this area, and many already had significant interactions with national labs. As potential users of this technology, they strongly endorsed the work in the CACD program in the development of modeling capabilities.

  4. Views on world markets - Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passmore, J.

    1996-12-31

    If {open_quotes}market{close_quotes} is defined by hardware in the ground (as it should be), then the Canadian wind power market has been virtually non-existent (only 23 MW to date). The potential on the other hand is enormous (6400 MW likely to be developed). This potential has not been pursued because of unregulated electric utility monopolies, lack of political knowledge and interest, and punitive tax treatment for renewables. Recent initiatives including utility restructuring, federal plans for green power procurement, and proposed tax measures suggest that situation has potential for change. Interested parties should start familiarizing themselves with the Canadian players / market now, in order to be ready to move when the time comes (likely in the next three years). 3 tabs.

  5. Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500-kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada, Northern States Power Company. Addendum to the final Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company`s (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP`s original amendment request remain valid.

  6. Proposed amendment to presidential permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada. Addendum to the final environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    This Addendum to the Final Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Amendment to Presidential Permit PP-63 and Associated Modifications to 500 kV International Transmission Line: Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada (DOE/EA-587) addresses Northern States Power Company`s (NSP) proposed expansion of the Forbes Substation. The applicant has requested that the expansion take place on the west side of the substation, within the existing property line, instead of on the north side as originally proposed. All of the proposed construction would take place on property already owned by NSP. DOE has reviewed the environmental impacts associated with this minor modification and has determined that the conclusions reached in the environmental assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact prepared in connection with NSP`s original amendment request remain valid.

  7. Proposed amendment for Presidential Permit PP-63 and associated modifications to 500 kV international transmission line, Forbes, Minnesota to Manitoba, Canada Northern States Power Company. Final Environmental Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-02-01

    Northern States Power Company, (NSP), a Minnesota investor owned utility has applied to the Office of Fossil Energy, United States Department of Energy, to amend Presidential Permit PP-63 to allow for alterations to the 500 kV transmission line and as sedated facilities currently regulated by this permit. The alterations proposed for the 500 kV line owned by NSP are part of a long term effort sponsored by NSP to upgrade the existing NSP transmission system to allow for increased exchange of electricity with the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board. Presidential Permit PP-63 authorized NSP to construct, connect, operate and maintain a 500 kV line at the United States/Canadian border approximately seven-and-a-half miles west of Warroad in Roseau County, Minnesota. This line connects with a 500 kV line owned and operated by the Manitoba Hydro-Electric Board (MHEB), which extends from Dorsey, Manitoba, Canada to the United States/Canadian border. NSP proposes to increase the electricity transfer capability of this transmission facility by constructing a new 80-acre substation on the existing 500 kV line in Roseau County, Minnesota, and upgrading the existing substation at Forbes, Minnesota. The proposed Roseau substation would contain two 41.5 ohm series capacitor banks. In addition, static VAR compensators are to be installed at the existing Forbes Substation. Approximately 5 acres would be added to the 30-acre Forbes site to house the additional equipment. No new lines would enter or exit the facility. NSP proposes to place the new Roseau Substation in service in May 1993 and to complete the upgrading of the Forbes Substation in March 1994. The primary, initial purpose of these modifications is to enable NSP to import 400 megawatts of electric power from MHEB during the summer months to meet peak electrical demand in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. It is expected that this power transfer would begin in 1993.

  8. Exceptions to the rules of oil-spill behavior: Case studies of major oil spills of the past twenty years

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, M.O.

    1994-11-01

    Studies of major oil spills over the past 20 yr have allowed an evolution of our understanding of how to respond to and remediate the environmental impacts from such spills. There have been a number of spills for which follow-up research has provided major turning points that allowed the development of certain rules of oil-spill behavior. For example, the spill of over 100,000 tons of crude oil by the tanker Urquiola on the coast of Spain in May 1976 demonstrated the importance of hydrodynamic energy level in natural cleanup processes. Research on the spill of over 200,000 tons of crude oil along the coast of France by the tanker Amoco Cadiz in March 1978 allowed a better understanding of the long-term effects of spilled oil on exposed tidal flats and salt marshes. The oil spilled by the tanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound, Alaska, in March 1989 impacted many miles of gravel beaches, which were treated by a number of methods, including some innovative berm-relocation techniques. A thorough understanding of the coastal geomorphology and processes of the spill site was essential for the development of meaningful contingency and response plans. Research on the impacts of intertidal habitats of the coast of Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War spill of 1991 indicates that some previously held concepts on oil behavior and fate on shorelines must be revised. One of the best established rules of oil-spill behavior was that the depth of oil penetration on sand beaches and tidal flats increases with increasing sediment grain size. However, no such correlation was found on the Saudi Arabian coast, primarily due to the presence of secondary porosity (e.g., bubble sand, extensive burrows, and gypsum crystals). The oil penetrated to depths of tens of centimeters, even in fine sand, which has significantly slowed natural removal processes and weathering rates. These sediments remained heavily oiled with incipient asphalt pavements forming two years after the spill.

  9. A field demonstration of the microbial treatment of sour produced water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sublette, K.L.; Morse, D.; Raterman, K.

    1995-12-31

    The potential for detoxification and deodorization of sulfide-laden water (sour water) by microbial treatment was evaluated at a petroleum production site under field conditions. A sulfide-tolerant strain of the chemautotroph and facultative anaerobe, Thiobacillus denitrificans, was introduced into an oil-skimming pit of the Amoco Production Company LACT 10 Unit of the Salt Creek Field, Wyoming. Field-produced water enters this pit from the oil/water separation treatment train at an average flowrate of 5,000 bbl/D (795 m{sup 3}/D) with a potential maximum of 98,000 bbl/D (15,580 m{sup 3}/D). Water conditions at the pit inlet are 4,800 mg/l TDS, 100 mg/l sulfide, pH 7.8, and 107{degrees}F. To this water an aqueous solution of ammonium nitrate and diphosphorous pentoxide was added to provide required nutrients for the bacteria. The first 20% of the pit was aerated to a maximum depth of 5 ft (1.5 m) to facilitate the aerobic oxidation of sulfide. No provisions for pH control or biomass recovery and recycle were made. Pilot operations were initiated in October 1992 with the inoculation of the 19,000 bbl (3,020 m{sup 3}) pit with 40 lb (18.1 kg) of dry weight biomass. After a brief acclimation period, a nearly constant mass flux of 175 lb/D (80 kg/D) sulfide was established to the pit. Bio-oxidation of sulfide to elemental sulfur and sulfate was immediate and complete. Subsequent pilot operations focused upon process optimization and process sensitivity to system upsets. The process appeared most sensitive to large variations in sulfide loading due to maximum water discharge events. However, recoveries from such events could be accomplished within hours. This paper details all pertinent aspects of pilot operation, performance, and economics. Based on this body of evidence, it is suggested that the oxidation of inorganic sulfides by T denitrificans represents a viable concept for the treatment of sour water coproduced with oil and gas.

  10. Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    from the LEDS Global Partnership. When to Use This Tool While building a low emission strategy for your country's transportation system, this tool is most useful during these...

  11. U.S. LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA...

  12. U.S. LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Kenai, AK Port...

  13. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Price (Percent) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 79.6 82.7 80.7 80.8 80.3 80.1 81.1 64.7 80.5 70.5 2000's 81.4 82.5 80.5 81.8 82.1 80.5 80.2 79.8 80.2 78.8 2010's 79.3 78.9 76.2 76.6 78.4 77.6 Price (Percent)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 79.9 63.4 54.5 49.6 55.4 2000's 59.3 60.5 60.0 59.1 55.5 51.2 56.3 76.0 74.9 85.3 2010's 87.7 88.6 94.9 94.5 94.5

  14. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 11 1999-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 14.71 1999-2014

  15. Sumas, WA LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Alabama Alabama total electric power industry, summer capacity and net generation, by energy source, 2010 Nuclear 5,043 15.6 37,941 24.9 Coal 11,441 35.3 63,050 41.4 Hydro and Pumped Storage 3,272 10.1 8,704 5.7 Natural Gas 11,936 36.8 39,235 25.8 Other 1 100 0.3 643 0.4 Other Renewable 1 583 1.8 2,377 1.6 Petroleum 43 0.1 200 0.1 Total 32,417 100.0 152,151 100.0 Other Renewable: Wood, black liquor, other wood waste, biogenic municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, agriculture

  16. U.S. LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Jan-16 Feb-16 Mar-16 Apr-16 May-16 Jun-16 View History Delivered to Consumers 1,038 1,038 1,037 1,037 1,034 1,034 2012-2016 (BTU per Cubic Foot)

    Electric Power Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) U.S. Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Electric Power Consumers (BTU per Cubic Foot) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,025 1,027 1,028 1,028 1,027 1,027 1,025 2010's 1,022 1,021 1,022 1,025 1,029 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA

  17. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    WINTER Table 5j . Winter (FRCC) Historical and Projected Demand and Capacity, Calendar Year 2007 Region FRCC Subregion Country U WINTER Actual Line# DESCRIPTION 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 1 Unrestricted Non-coincident Peak Demand (Starting Point) = 2+1a+1b-1c-1d 41,701 49,601 50,463 51,606 1a New Conservation (Energy Efficiency) - - - 1b Estimated Diversity - - - - 1c Additions for non-member load (load served by non-registered LSE's in a region) - - - - 1d Stand-by Load Under

  18. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 4.71 3.42 5.16 5.77 3.58 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.73 6.52 5.03 4.85 4.94 5.07 5.04 4.58 4.38 3.99 4.09 4.11 2012 4.13 3.39 2.83 2.48 2.67 2.78 3.36 3.31 3.20 3.82 5.22 4.65 2013 6.75 7.39 5.25 5.00 4.66 4.28 4.37 3.99 4.00 3.98 4.28 7.05 2014 20.09 17.10 11.65 4.88 4.55 4.59 4.06 3.63 3.62 3.42 5.20 3.86

  19. Low prices harpoon Canada's mini-boom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maciej, H. )

    1989-02-01

    The authors present an analysis of the year 1988 in the Canadian oil and gas industry. With budgets underpinned by price expectations of $17/bbl to $18/bbl for WTI crude, optimism pervaded industry at the beginning of the year. Budget plans called for total spending of some C$7.6 billion, an increase of 25% over the C$6.1 invested in 1987. Drilling plans would have made 1988 the fourth best year on record with total well completions close to the 9,000-well mark. The year started strongly, as prices performed close to expectations. When prices began to soften and no reversal was apparent, corporate expenditures began to be adjusted in the second half.

  20. EA-297_SESCO_Canada_Transfer.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  1. EA-306_MAG_Canada.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  2. Coal mine directory: United States and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-07-01

    The directory gives a state-by-state listing of all US and Canadian coal producers. It contains contact information as well as the type of mine, production statistics, coal composition, transportation methods etc. A statistical section provides general information about the US coal industry, preparation plants, and longwall mining operations.

  3. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 View...

  4. Eastport, ID Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    693,892 708,806 606,099 634,194 686,449 608,147 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.86 4.19 3.90 2.59 3.34 4.14...

  5. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    349,980 267,227 231,831 241,506 214,671 187,219 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.60 5.44 4.99 3.87 5.58 8.54...

  6. Babb, MT Natural Gas Export to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,702 6,671 12,807 15,525 17,235 17,421 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.26 3.86 3.98 2.47 3.13 4.05 1996...

  7. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    479,741 476,855 448,967 433,713 432,497 433,227 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.92 4.41 4.04 2.72 3.59 5.00 1998...

  8. Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013...

  9. Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 21 79 19 0 165 188 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.53 8.37 5.17 -- 4.44 5.26 1996...

  10. Calais, ME Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    14,081 131,035 149,736 76,540 55,248 79,590 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.48 4.94 4.40 3.44 4.86 9.70 1998...

  11. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013...

  12. Champlain, NY LNG Imports from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    3,986 9,173 8,293 6,766 7,228 4,922 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 5.21 6.02 6.11 4.50 7.22 13.60 1996-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 0 63 2013-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices --...

  13. Sumas, WA LNG Imports from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    12,530 7,769 9,768 6,016 10,409 3,547 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 5.55 4.81 4.47 3.87 4.02 5.05 1996...

  14. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    478,368 447,079 544,135 401,717 238,970 324,613 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.21 4.49 4.15 2.86 3.87 5.59...

  15. Havre, MT Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 View History Pipeline Volumes NA NA 1,309 NA NA 0 1998-2003 Pipeline Prices NA NA 3.66 NA NA -- 1998-2003...

  16. Sumas, WA LNG Imports from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    309,516 332,358 313,922 312,236 333,050 359,343 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.99 4.22 3.96 2.72 3.62 4.32 1996-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 0 5 2013-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas...

  17. Babb, MT Natural Gas Export to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    96 9.53 10.72 10.55 12.56 15.35 1989-2016 Florida 16.78 16.00 17.06 17.83 20.52 22.40 1989-2016 Georgia 10.79 10.94 13.01 16.48 20.53 24.74 1989-2016 Maryland 9.95 9.46 11.04 NA 12.66 16.06 1989-2016 Michigan 7.25 7.58 7.80 7.71 9.56 12.33 1989-2016 New Jersey 6.55 6.86 8.24 8.99 9.49 10.78 1989-2016 New York 10.31 9.45 9.65 9.90 10.91 14.77 1989-2016 Ohio 6.48 6.44 7.16 8.01 11.73 19.29 1989-2016 Pennsylvania 8.75 8.64 9.51 9.91 11.30 15.62 1989-2016 Virginia 9.45 8.76 10.20 10.63 12.69 15.51

  18. Calais, ME Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    452 1,028 6,952 13,425 2,694 14,030 2007-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.53 4.46 4.30 8.45 6.22 3.23 2007-2015 Compressed Natural Gas Volumes 0 115 217 212 2012-2015 Compressed Natural Gas Prices -- 6.20 12.40 5.69 2012

  19. Champlain, NY LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Dry Production (Million Cubic Feet) California--State Offshore Natural Gas Dry Production (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 5,051 5,952 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: Natural Gas Dry Production Feet)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6

  20. Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    275 43,690 50,347 50,439 46,981 37,528 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.69 4.26 3.10 4.04 5.36 2.91

  1. Eastport, ID Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) East Producing Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) East Producing Region Natural Gas in Underground Storage - Change in Working Gas from Same Month Previous Year (Percent) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 18.20 24.60 42.70 44.60 29.20 20.70 13.20 10.60 6.30 2.60 9.50 14.90 2016 18.10 42.70 82.40 49.90 23.20 14.30 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not

  2. Havre, MT Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    9,437 6,806 4,331 2,160 680 3 1998-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.05 3.82 2.40 3.09 4.22 2.30 1998

  3. Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cubic Feet) Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Hidalgo, TX Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.26 2.31 2.03 2.09 2000's 5.85 4.61 2.26 -- -- 8.10 5.53 6.23 5.55 4.40 2010's 4.21 -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016

  4. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2,198 41,964 42,866 35,273 24,583 7,208 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.87 4.48 3.18 3.98 5.45 3.55 1996

  5. Massena, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 472 0 0 2011-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 2.96 -- -- 2011-2014

  6. ea-282_NSP_Canada.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  7. EA-182-B_HQUS__Canada.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  8. EA-253-A_Coral_Canada.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  9. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    26,767 18,297 19,826 47,451 63,446 52,160 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices 5.04 5.48 5.45 4.08 6.63 10.55 1998...

  10. Canada-US Clean Energy Dialogue:

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Contents Transitioning to a Low-Carbon Economy ...................................................................................... 1 Progress to Date .............................................................................................................................. 1 Priority Areas for Bilateral Collaboration under Phase II .............................................................. 4 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

  11. U.S. LNG Imports from Canada

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Pipeline Volumes 260,709 241,243 231,341 235,818 243,017 233,420 1973-2016 Pipeline Prices 2.42 2.12 1.54 1.51 1.44 1.76 1989-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 97 116 65 74 113 118 2013-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 8.21 8.58 8.74 7.88 7.72 7.80 2013-2016 Compressed Natural Gas Volumes 30 29 33 28 29 19 2014-2016 Compressed Natural Gas Prices 5.41 3.27 1.54 1.05 1.10 0.63 2014

  12. Canada's Fuel Consumption Guide Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentcanadas-fuel-consumption-guide-websit Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Fuel Efficiency Standards This website...

  13. Canada-Sustainable Communities Leadership Academy (SCLA) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    resource efficiency, reduce climate pollution and bolster community preparedness and resilience in ways that advance social equity and economic prosperity. Solutions-oriented: We...

  14. U.S., Canada, and Finland Pyrolysis Collaborations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    more than 1,197M each day on crude oil imports* * Cellulosic ethanol displaces light ... catechol Lignin monomers Uncommon peaks Methanol, acetal group Extractives PC1: 66% of ...

  15. Open government map data initiatives in the USA or Canada? |...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    administrative boundaries, addresses and cadastral boundaries. OpenStreetMap has grown big in Europe and Open Gov Data is on the rise with many national geodata agencies...

  16. MHK Projects/Ucluelet BC Canada | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has been granted an Investigative Use Permit for the purposes on determining the feasibility of a wave energy project off the coast of Ucluelet, British Columbia. Project...

  17. Zero-tillage and corn production in eastern Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raghavan, G.S.V.; Taylor, F.; Negi, S.; Douglas, E.; McKyes, E.; Tessier, S.; Burrows, J.

    1981-01-01

    During the summer of 1979, a zero-tillage experiment was conducted in which corn (maize) was grown on 68 different plots representing different soil structural status. Sixty-four of the plots had been subjected to 16 different compaction and tillage treatments and corn grown on them. No machinery traffic had been introduced to these plots since the spring of 1978. Four new plots were established which had been subjected to conventional tillage methods, those being plowing in the fall of 1978 and disc harrowing in the spring of 1979. Corn was hand seeded into all the plots and the growth, development and yield of the crop measured. Several times over the growing season, soil dry bulk density, soil moisture content and soil temperature were measured. Observation of days to emerge, tassel and silk showed that the zero-till plots performed much better than the control plots.

  18. Report of Official Foreign Travel to Montreal, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mason, J. D.

    2010-08-28

    How can DOE, NNSA, and Y-12 best handle the integration of information from diverse sources, and what will best ensure that legacy data will survive changes in computing systems for the future? Although there is no simple answer, it is becoming increasingly clear throughout the information-management industry that a key component of both preservation and integration of information is the adoption of standardized data formats. The most notable standardized format is XML, to which almost all data is now migrating. XML is derived from SGML, as is HTML, the common language of the World Wide Web. XML is becoming increasingly important as part of the Y-12 data infrastructure. Y-12 is implementing a new generation of XML-based publishing systems. Y-12 already has been supporting projects at DOE Headquarters, such as the Guidance Streamlining Initiative (GSI) that will result in the storage of classification guidance in XML. Y-12 collects some test data in XML as the result of Electronic Data Capture (EDC), and XML data is also used in Engineering Releases. I am participating in a series of projects sponsored by the PRIDE initiative that include the capture of dimensional certification and other similar records in XML, the creation of XML formats for Electronic Data Capture, and the creation of Quality Evaluation Reports in XML. In support of DOE's use of SGML, XML, HTML, Topic Maps, and related standards, I served 1985-2007 as chairman of the international committee responsible for SGML and standards derived from it, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC34 (SC34) and its predecessor organizations; I continue to belong to the committee. During the August 2010 trip, I co-chaired the conference Balisage 2010.

  19. E One Moli Energy Canada Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    they are a developer of commercially viable batteries using technology from the lithium research program at the University of British Columbia. References: E-One Moli Energy...

  20. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.48 2.17 2.06 2000's NA NA 3.95 -- 7.80 -- 7.07 7.59 8.59 3.80 2010's 4.44 4.42 2.99 4.15 6.86 2.73

  1. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.85 4.76 4.36 4.62 4.73 4.70 4.74 4.75 4.21 3.83 3.85 3.79 2012 3.29 3.05 2.61 2.35 2.68 2.64 3.07 3.16 3.14 3.60 3.93 4.22 2013 3.63 3.65 4.57 4.70 4.22 4.17 3.79 4.78 2014 5.52 23.30 24.73 4.80 4.99 4.06 4.09 3.92 4.51 4.03 2015 3.74 2.89 3.07 2.86 2.94 3.05 3.11 2.63 2.29 2.03 2016 2.61 1.92 1.91 1.90 2.52

  2. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 10 1,827 135 2000's NA NA 74 0 303 0 24 876 2,252 5,651 2010's 5,694 9,946 8,099 2,337 4,650 1,961

  3. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 1,408 2,674 212 579 179 606 34 642 270 1,367 826 1,150 2012 326 264 147 899 1,654 1,086 217 801 1,053 1,472 121 61 2013 693 176 1,080 14 21 194 114 19 2014 247 117 453 994 5 653 569 574 791 246 2015 23 136 223 142 151 484 57 61 501 182 2016 321 147 159 381 525

  4. PP-366_Twin_Rivers_Canada(1).pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  5. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    18,297 19,826 47,451 63,446 52,160 77,866 1998-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.48 5.45 4.08 6.63 10.55 5.18 1998

  6. Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 123 0 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 3.14 -- 1998-2014

  7. Portal, ND Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 10.18

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 10.18 2016 7.41

    Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Portal, ND Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2015 2 2016 2 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date:

  8. Sault St. Marie, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,011 9,555 24,913 16,288 4,457 6,188 1999-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.27 4.23 3.20 4.04 6.01 3.47 1999

  9. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    476,855 448,967 433,713 432,497 433,227 419,749 1998-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.41 4.04 2.72 3.59 5.00 2.39 1998

  10. St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5,591 5,228 3,531 6,019 16,409 9,024 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.97 4.29 2.64 3.96 8.80 2.91 1996

  11. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Sweetgrass, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 7 5 2014 8 11 10 8 8 5 6 6 6 6 6 7 2015 5 4 5 5 5 4 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Cubic Feet)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's

  12. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    267,227 231,831 241,506 214,671 187,219 175,194 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.44 4.99 3.87 5.58 8.54 5.0

  13. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    4,325 4,551 4,610 4,835 3,997 3,968 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.69 4.17 3.06 3.94 5.95 3.32

  14. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's -23,206 -28,616 82,844 18,423 -49,929 20,650 2000's 87,535 -108,544 6,061 16,905 -33,411 -6,052 -9,935 -2,132 -3,731 -65,419 2010's -19,131 -8,535 -74,234 119,255 -40,011

    7,707 7,062 6,571 5,387 5,128 4,651 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 3.88 3.65 2.35 3.07 4.04 2.13

  15. Crosby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 10 14 2 2 2015 3 4 5 3 6 9 10 13 6 7 10 9 2016 1

    1) Distribution Category UC-950 Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants 2001 March 2004 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels U.S. Department of Energy Washington DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The

  16. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    142,244 106,454 75,641 59,266 15,575 7,155 1999-2014 Import Price 3.73 4.39 4.20 2.78 3.36 4.33 per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.90 5.36 -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not

  17. International Falls, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    103,836 97,724 92,441 90,746 90,218 93,116 1990-2016 Base Gas 77,198 77,171 77,164 77,161 77,161 77,159 1990-2016 Working Gas 26,638 20,553 15,277 13,584 13,057 15,957 1990-2016 Net Withdrawals 1,569 6,106 5,259 1,694 527 -2,905 1990-2016 Injections 213 166 119 201 439 2,997 1990-2016 Withdrawals 1,783 6,272 5,378 1,894 966 92 1990-2016 Change in Working Gas from Same Period Previous Year Volume 3,981 3,736 3,953 4,911 4,051 4,056 1990-2016 Percent 17.6 22.2 34.9 56.6 45.0 34.1

    114,274

  18. Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    161,486 164,984 135,278 86,609 63,987 28,825 1982-2014 Import Price 5.90 4.86 4.77 3.69 5.49 8.00 198

    2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 472 0 0 2011-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 2.96 -- -- 2011-2014

    5,595 3,965 3,992 4,147 3,819 3,049 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 6.48 6.55 5.75 6.04 7.34 5.65

  19. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    640,119 434,526 324,474 278,422 233,453 200,394 1982-2014 Import Price 4.67 5.43 4.96 3.83 5.59 8.60 1989-2014 Export Volume 0 0 38,783 68,843 184,071 201,691 1982-2014 Export Price -- -- 4.69 3.61 4.29 5.56 199

    223,532 202,549 188,208 183,548 185,119 196,365 1990-2016 Base Gas 114,992 114,956 114,913 114,853 114,603 114,779 1990-2016 Working Gas 108,540 87,594 73,296 68,695 70,516 81,586 1990-2016 Net Withdrawals 2,020 21,931 14,573 4,660 -1,571 -11,246 1990-2016 Injections 4,390 351 2,066

  20. North Troy, VT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Lease Separation 73 98 82 179 192 1979-2014 Adjustments -15 33 33 -2 2 25 1979-2014 Revision Increases 6 10 12 11 87 60 1979-2014 Revision Decreases 9 6 5 13 8 65 1979-2014 Sales 2 6 51 1 0 2 2000-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 51 0 31 12 2000-2014 Extensions 0 0 0 2 1 1 1979-2014 New Field Discoveries 0 0 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 New Reservoir Discoveries in Old Fields 2 1 0 0 0 0 1979-2014 Estimated Production 7 12 15 13 16 18 Production

    8 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014 Acquisitions 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009-2014

  1. Portal, ND Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    2 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 123 0 1998-2014 Pipeline Prices -- 3.14 -- 1998-2014 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA NA 3.47 -- -- -- -- 2010's -- 3.14 --

    Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 1.65 3.35

    Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 15 108

    Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Decade Year-0 Year-1

  2. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.81 2.80 NA 2000's NA 4.44 2.59 4.27 4.16 8.01 6.58 6.14 7.99 5.55 2010's 4.81 4.47 3.87 4.02 5.05 2.34 Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.32 4.62 4.61 4.49 4.38 4.83 5.16 3.89 3.86 5.95 4.50 4.05 2012 4.09 3.35 4.87 5.20 2.25 4.65 2.86 4.45 3.57 4.20 3.57 2013 3.68 3.56 3.87 4.22 4.25 3.65 3.56 3.93 3.99 5.47 2014 4.54 6.51 4.89 4.76 4.75 4.69 4.35

  3. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Pipeline Volumes 221,550 260,709 241,243 231,341 235,818 243,017 1973-2016 Pipeline Prices 2.13 2.42 2.12 1.54 1.51 1.44 1989-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 59 97 116 65 74 113 2013-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 8.12 8.21 8.58 8.74 7.88 7.72 2013-2016 Compressed Natural Gas Volumes 26 30 29 33 28 29 2014-2016 Compressed Natural Gas Prices 3.78 5.41 3.27 1.54 1.05 1.10 2014

  4. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's -23,206 -28,616 82,844 18,423 -49,929 20,650 2000's 87,535 -108,544 6,061 16,905 -33,411 -6,052 -9,935 -2,132 -3,731 -65,419 2010's -19,131 -8,535 -74,234 119,255 -40,011

    7,707 7,062 6,571 5,387 5,128 4,651 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 3.88 3.65 2.35 3.07 4.04 2.13

  5. U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue Report Released

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The report provides an overview of the twenty joint projects and progress made by three working groups under the CED's Action Plan in the areas of carbon capture and storage (CCS), electricity grid, and clean energy research and development.

  6. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 580 1,310 2,522 3,252 3,026 2,668 2,170 2,445 2,379 2,066 5,121 3,191 2012 898 4,000 6,745 4,975 2,721 1,978 1,202 2,306 ...

  7. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 0 30,731 38,791 25,121 39,196 8,775

  8. EA-297-B_SESCO_Canada_CN.pdf

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

  9. Gulf Canada donor refined bitumen heavy oil upgrading process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, I.P.; Souhrada, F.; Woods, H.J.

    1982-09-01

    The method is a moderate-pressure, noncatalytic alternative which has been shown to be applicable to a wide range of bitumens and heavy oils. It offers the potential of efficiency and reliability at a low capitalized investment and operating cost. The raw distillates are separated from the bitumen or heavy oil and the vacuum residuum is blended with an efficient hydrogen donor stream containing a high proportion of substituted tetralins, and is thermally cracking in the liquid phase. The exhausted donor is recovered from the middle distillate reactor product, reactivated by fixed bed hydrogenation before being recycled to the reactor. The process can be self-sufficient in donor and is independent of the metal content of the feed. The products are blanded with the raw distillates and further hydrogenated to high quality petroleum products. While the primary hydrogen consumption is low, the reconstituted naphtha, distillate and gas oil fractions require less hydrogen than the coker liquids to achieve acceptable refinery feed quality. 1 figure, 9 tables.

  10. Contaminated groundwater characterization at the Chalk River Laboratories, Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schilk, A.J.; Robertson, D.E.; Thomas, C.W.; Lepel, E.A.; Champ, D.R.; Killey, R.W.D.; Young, J.L.; Cooper, E.L.

    1993-03-01

    The licensing requirements for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste (10 CFR 61) specify the performance objectives and technical requisites for federal and commercial land disposal facilities, the ultimate goal of which is to contain the buried wastes so that the general population is adequately protected from harmful exposure to any released radioactive materials. A major concern in the operation of existing and projected waste disposal sites is subterranean radionuclide transport by saturated or unsaturated flow, which could lead to the contamination of groundwater systems as well as uptake by the surrounding biosphere, thereby directly exposing the general public to such materials. Radionuclide transport in groundwater has been observed at numerous commercial and federal waste disposal sites [including several locations within the waste management area of Chalk River Laboratories (CRL)], yet the physico-chemical processes that lead to such migration are still not completely understood. In an attempt to assist in the characterization of these processes, an intensive study was initiated at CRL to identify and quantify the mobile radionuclide species originating from three separate disposal sites: (a) the Chemical Pit, which has received aqueous wastes containing various radioisotopes, acids, alkalis, complexing agents and salts since 1956, (b) the Reactor Pit, which has received low-level aqueous wastes from a reactor rod storage bay since 1956, and (c) the Waste Management Area C, a thirty-year-old series of trenches that contains contaminated solid wastes from CRL and various regional medical facilities. Water samples were drawn downgradient from each of the above sites and passed through a series of filters and ion-exchange resins to retain any particulate and dissolved or colloidal radionuclide species, which were subsequently identified and quantified via radiochemical separations and gamma spectroscopy. These groundwaters were also analyzed for anions, trace metals, Eh, pH, alkalinity and dissolved oxygen.

  11. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 41,218 37,266 41,184 37,154 38,101 33,817 36,210 36,997 34,805 36,331 36,354 39,530 2012 37,581 35,865 38,744 33,148...

  12. St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    612,369 650,590 781,058 754,494 582,509 478,645 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.62 4.86 4.45 3.11 4.07 6.39 1996...

  13. St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 123 237 33 91 238 1,469 571 38 1,605 552 270 2012 51 42 2,029 475 370 52 45 69 221 177 2013 884 1,562 1,422 2 26 151 211...

  14. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 586 518 591 564 622 539 612 629 604 606 591 599 2012 598 571 600 542 575 525 550 549 530 526 493 512 2013 511 452 475 485...

  15. Portal, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2012 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2013 2 2 2 0 0 0 0 5...

  16. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 71 62 68 68 70 68 68 67 64 57 53 64 2012 57 60 63 62 65 61 68 60 55 57 52 55 2013 52 46 46 25 991...

  17. Sumas, WA Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 26,022 22,492 28,014 23,553 25,587 24,980 27,852 24,780 27,293 27,092 26,911 29,345 2012 28,563 24,961 23,685 21,957...

  18. St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    6,544 5,591 5,228 3,531 6,019 16,409 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 5.10 4.97 4.29 2.64 3.96 8.80 1996...

  19. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 35,222 28,023 21,841 13,715 12,079 14,620 21,184 14,405 12,504 15,162 18,131 24,944 2012 30,005 25,448 20,375 12,699...

  20. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 523 453 478 390 267 292 275 281 291 358 428 515 2012 506 516 388 379 286 272 286 284 405 366 420 501 2013 599 549 511 452...

  1. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 0 1,517 6,194 848 174...

  2. Sumas, WA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 879 2,890 1,051 756 356 296 30 3 15 189 1,194 2,110 2012 2,140 1,464 436 76 7 54 42 4 303 495 996 2013 3,740 801 1,520 122...

  3. Babb, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    6,671 12,807 15,525 17,235 17,421 20,708 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 3.86 3.98 2.47 3.13 4.05 2.34 1996

  4. Calais, ME Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    131,035 149,736 76,540 55,248 79,590 43,070 1998-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.94 4.40 3.44 4.86 9.70 11.22 1998

  5. Crosby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    (Million Cubic Feet) Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 2,362 2013 2,590 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from

  6. Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Pipeline Volumes 21 79 19 0 165 188 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 4.53 8.37 5.17 -- 4.44 5.26 1996-2014

  7. Eastport, ID Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    708,806 606,099 634,194 686,449 608,147 673,531 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.19 3.90 2.59 3.34 4.14 2.34

  8. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Golden Pass, TX Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (price) (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.90 5.36 -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016

  9. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    63,548 47,616 23,000 5,758 1,413 4,940 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.20 4.68 3.01 3.92 9.80 4.23

  10. Havre, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 View History Pipeline Volumes NA NA 1,309 NA NA 0 1998-2003 Pipeline Prices NA NA 3.66 NA NA -- 1998-2003

  11. Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cubic Feet) (Million Cubic Feet) Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 109 2014 41 23 2015 46 39 34 41 41 39 40 41 43 37 2016 41 38 43 55 110 112 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 08/31/2016 Next Release Date: 09/30/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of

  12. International Falls, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    10 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History U.S. 6,826,192 6,994,120 7,226,215 7,425,452 7,623,826 7,488,814 1997-2015 Alabama 144,938 153,358 171,729 179,511 187,661 186,213 1997-2015 Alaska 6,408 6,769 6,357 4,065 4,847 4,863 1997-2015 Arizona 19,245 21,724 22,657 22,153 22,489 19,991 1997-2015 Arkansas 83,061 85,437 81,597 87,077 88,797 84,464 1997-2015 California 703,536 706,350 735,925 775,969 788,817 780,616 1997-2015 Colorado 114,295 74,407 73,028 78,280 78,323 78,174 1997-2015 Connecticut

  13. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 View History Pipeline Volumes 5,694 9,946 8,099 2,337 4,650 1,961 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.44 4.42 2.99 4.15 6.86 2.73 1996-2015

  14. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.48 2.17 2.06 2000's NA NA 3.95 -- 7.80 -- 7.07 7.59 8.59 3.80 2010's 4.44 4.42 2.99 4.15 6.86 2.73 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.85 4.76 4.36 4.62 4.73 4.70 4.74 4.75 4.21 3.83 3.85 3.79 2012 3.29 3.05 2.61 2.35 2.68 2.64 3.07 3.16 3.14 3.60 3.93 4.22 2013 3.63 3.65 4.57 4.70 4.22 4.17 3.79 4.78 2014 5.52 23.30 24.73 4.80 4.99

  15. Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    5,595 3,965 3,992 4,147 3,819 3,049 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 6.48 6.55 5.75 6.04 7.34 5.65

  16. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3a . January Monthly Peak Hour Demand, Actual by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, 2005 through 2009 (Megawatts) Texas Power Grid Western Power Grid Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) Peak Hour Demand (MW) 2005 613,416 41,247 32,236 47,041 154,200 166,190 29,072 40,966 102,464 2006 563,711 34,464 37,056 43,661 149,252 134,239 26,864

  17. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    88,983 32,770 3,159 1,650 2,957 2,539 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 5.43 4.68 3.22 4.04 5.08 3.2

  18. North Troy, VT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    17,273 26,136 27,411 18,467 17,112 19,837 1979-2014 Natural Gas Nonassociated, Wet After Lease Separation 17,220 26,063 27,313 18,385 16,933 19,645 1979-2014 Natural Gas Associated-Dissolved, Wet After Lease Separation 53 73 98 82 179 192 1979-2014 Dry Natural Gas 17,143 26,030 27,337 18,418 17,044 19,722 Separation

    17,220 26,063 27,313 18,385 16,933 19,645 1979-2014 Adjustments 154 -484 144 124 224 177 1979-2014 Revision Increases 1,168 2,594 3,093 2,913 2,527 2,378 1979-2014 Revision

  19. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    447,079 544,135 401,717 238,970 324,613 229,043 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.49 4.15 2.86 3.87 5.59 2.88

  20. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.14 2.22 1.71 2.06 2000's 3.95 4.52 3.16 5.63 6.15 8.28 7.94 6.75 8.50 4.24 2010's 4.69 4.17 ...

  1. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 523 453 478 390 267 292 275 281 291 358 428 515 2012 506 516 388 379 286 272 286 284 405 366 420 501 2013 599 549 511 452 ...

  2. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.92 2.82 2.38 2.54 2000's 4.24 4.81 3.60 5.81 6.51 9.38 7.62 7.57 9.42 4.60 2010's 5.44 4.99 ...

  3. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 685 512 473 412 2000's 4,576 5,318 5,374 4,925 4,793 4,982 3,563 4,813 4,800 4,380 2010's 4,325 ...

  4. Warroad, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.43 4.38 3.98 4.41 4.60 4.56 4.54 4.50 4.06 3.88 3.71 3.57 2012 3.23 2.86 2.57 2.21 2.23 2.51 3.12 3.07 2.85 3.29 3.95 ...

  5. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 1.14 1.61 1.57 2.05 2000's 3.09 2.71 2.42 4.86 5.06 7.40 5.59 6.00 7.63 3.45 2010's 3.88 3.65 ...

  6. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 586 518 591 564 622 539 612 629 604 606 591 599 2012 598 571 600 542 575 525 550 549 530 526 493 512 2013 511 452 475 485 ...

  7. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 288,807 295,568 293,234 324,400 2000's 337,989 290,981 285,188 296,989 331,234 349,230 406,033 ...

  8. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.32 5.46 5.14 5.14 5.20 5.22 5.22 5.00 4.71 4.55 4.32 4.20 2012 4.31 3.57 3.26 2.86 2.76 3.03 3.43 3.52 3.46 3.77 5.25 ...

  9. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 6,820 6,420 6,533 12,767 2000's 13,733 11,428 12,558 14,475 20,069 11,157 9,120 8,945 9,834 ...

  10. Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3.57 3.80 3.68 3.81 3.94 4.01 3.95 3.73 3.65 3.37 3.20 3.10 2012 2.71 2.37 1.93 1.71 1.79 1.90 2.07 2.29 2.22 2.71 3.29 ...

  11. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 35,222 28,023 21,841 13,715 12,079 14,620 21,184 14,405 12,504 15,162 18,131 24,944 2012 30,005 25,448 20,375 12,699 ...

  12. Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 586 931 2012 1,802 1,578 824 304 116 261 526 386 159 111 17 109 2013 314 277 161 47 20 10 10 11 2014 132 1 14 8 19 2015 ...

  13. NNSA Partners with Canada, Russia to Build Counterterrorism Training...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Established by Congress in 2000, NNSA is a semi-autonomous agency within the U.S. Department of Energy responsible for enhancing national security through the military application ...

  14. Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    485,026 690,466 658,934 730,988 695,152 518,386 1996-2014 Pipeline Prices 3.90 4.14 3.75 2.45 3.23 4.41...

  15. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5,804 3,798 865 295 2,790 248 792 242 144 126 655 4,066 2012 6,044 5,109 1,927 2,629 2,692 3,438 3,976 3,786 4,614 3,630...

  16. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 336 2012 0 138 55 5 2013 21 75 2014 185 76 64 25 23 2015 214 146 92 48 50 181 2...

  17. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.29 3.40 3.53 3.68 2000's 3.86 4.03 4.17 4.34 4.53 4.81 5.04 5.23 5.63 5.21 2010's 6.02 6.11 4.50 7.22 13.60 5.57

  18. Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.34 6.56 5.91 5.40 5.47 5.45 5.64 5.26 4.94 4.57 4.49 4.78 2012 5.18 4.34 3.70 2.84 3.04 3.46 4.07 3.84 3.85 4.32 6.07 5.49 2013 10.24 10.66 6.06 5.47 5.00 4.48 4.63 4.16 4.27 4.18 4.43 7.72 2014 21.06 20.80 14.47 5.49 5.28 5.53 4.98 4.44 4.28 4.15 5.48 5.05 2015 5.91 11.77 4.62 3.39 3.64 3.57 3.80 3.61 3.68 3.26 2.84 2.85 2016 3.20 2.69 2.19 2.32 2.43 2.99

  19. Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 7,711 8,136 7,680 8,141 2000's 9,980 7,815 8,421 8,272 8,761 8,392 8,404 8,021 8,106 9,319 2010's 8,895 10,319 8,247 9,769 10,557 12,445

  20. Highgate Springs, VT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 1,477 1,317 1,172 1,059 690 503 462 433 520 894 706 1,086 2012 1,322 1,116 858 681 409 309 319 323 357 509 914 1,130 2013 1,385 1,223 1,070 752 457 386 401 426 467 663 1,078 1,461 2014 1,588 1,335 1,441 872 574 431 433 435 476 616 995 1,360 2015 1,882 1,615 1,501 874 501 575 581 547 572 1,056 1,299 1,441 2016 1,866 1,651 1,493 1,440 1,156 577

  1. U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Egypt ... LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total ...

  2. Secretary Bodman Hosts Energy Ministers from Canada and Mexico...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of Natural Resources Gary Lunn and Mexican Secretary of Energy Fernando Canales Clariond to discuss further integration ... research, enhanced natural gas markets, and the expanded ...

  3. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2.61 2000's 4.07 4.01 3.37 6.08 6.44 10.88 7.26 7.52 9.72 5.04 2010's 5.48 5.45 4.08 6.63 10.55 5.18

  4. Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.06 5.95 6.14 5.56 4.91 5.14 5.66 4.76 4.54 4.33 4.49 4.58 2012 4.22 3.79 3.14 2.55 2.72 3.49 3.75 3.52 3.30 3.80 5.65 6.66 2013 6.80 10.16 6.41 5.43 5.13 5.13 4.70 4.12 4.26 3.98 5.55 11.73 2014 19.82 25.10 12.88 5.74 5.10 5.68 4.55 3.74 3.29 3.53 5.53 9.52 2015 8.36 11.64 7.49 3.23 3.00 3.12 3.03 3.18 3.59 4.12 3.87 3.72 2016 5.50 4.15 2.46 2.74 2.25 2.32

  5. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 5.05 -- -- -- 2010's -- 14.71

  6. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 15.03 4.76

  7. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA 1.94 NA 5.09 5.12 7.37 5.81 6.12 8.02 3.52 2010's 3.98 3.77 2.41 3.67 --

  8. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.08 3.79 3.87 3.96 4.08 4.18 3.94 3.78 3.71 3.37 3.24 2.96 2012 2.51 2.19 1.86 1.71 2.08 1.95 2.37 2.27 2.42 3.20 3.44 3.26 2013 3.14 3.12 3.42 3.69 3.73

  9. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA 121 NA 347 2,728 2,043 2,012 1,539 1,373 1,109 2010's 932 781 716 1,160 0

  10. Sweetgrass, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 71 62 68 68 70 68 68 67 64 57 53 64 2012 57 60 63 62 65 61 68 60 55 57 52 55 2013 52 46 46 25 991

  11. U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    69,629 62,192 81,403 63,422 62,768 50,715 1973-2016 Pipeline Prices 2.66 2.35 1.99 2.07 1.98 2.23 1989-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 2 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 7.41 -- -- -- -- -- 200

  12. Saskatchewan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada) SaskPower Small Power Producers Program (Saskatchewan, Canada) Saskatchewan Petroleum Research Incentive (Saskatchewan, Canada) Saskatchewan Renewable Diesel Program...

  13. Secretary Chu Opens U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue | Department...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Headquarters in Washington, DC. The public-private meeting, which will be held June 29-30, is bringing together leaders from private industry to meet with U.S. and Canadian ...

  14. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA 2.49 5.04 6.77 6.99 -- -- -- -- -- 2010's -- 4.76 4.09 4.15 5.51 3.0

  15. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.04 5.23 4.96 4.84 4.94 5.04 4.94 4.56 4.39 3.96 4.54 4.07 2012 3.71 3.32 2.93 2.33 4.18 4.09 2013 4.13 3.91 4.34 4.47 4.42 4.24 4.03 3.76 3.85 3.87 4.08 4.67 2014 6.87 10.13 9.18 5.08 4.70 4.57 4.07 3.69 3.69 3.92 5.09 4.80 2015 4.29 5.02 4.48 2.93 2.70 2.63 2.55 2.64 2.67 2.59 2.72 2.42 2016 2.97 2.69 2.33 2.11 1.91 2.2

  16. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA 594 39 2,215 3 0 0 0 0 0 2010's 0 6,535 23,386 158,102 162,321 172,59

  17. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 734 660 860 860 194 307 295 1,107 376 151 415 576 2012 583 468 175 58 8,823 13,281 2013 12,716 11,162 12,737 13,738 13,789 13,174 13,904 13,939 13,022 13,267 12,940 13,715 2014 14,211 13,161 14,549 13,012 13,641 13,234 13,634 13,645 13,274 13,071 13,092 13,797 2015 13,470 10,576 13,577 13,247 14,219 13,657 14,297 14,009 14,476 14,578 17,873 18,617 2016 18,408 16,645 18,791 18,312 19,004 18,80

  18. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.90 2.87 2.62 2.58 2000's 4.10 4.94 3.55 5.71 6.41 9.06 7.43 7.36 9.58 4.63 2010's 5.43 4.68 3.22 4.04 5.08 3.20

  19. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 5.02 4.80 4.46 4.75 4.72 5.03 4.80 4.49 4.24 3.98 4.05 3.87 2012 3.46 3.13 2.81 2.38 2.97 3.26 2.43 3.22 3.66 4.18 3.85 2013 3.89 3.75 4.21 4.46 4.38 3.86 3.57 3.33 4.12 3.91 3.24 4.26 2014 4.28 5.86 5.38 21.67 22.33 21.67 22.33 22.33 3.24 2.68 2015 3.45 4.36 3.65 2.08 3.14 2.85 2.73 2.31 1.97 2016 2.78 2.63 1.92 2.21 2.06 2.45

  20. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 291,193 288,865 303,599 372,515 2000's 421,016 308,102 367,448 369,052 363,350 390,272 354,703 356,529 298,911 188,525 2010's 88,983 32,770 3,159 1,650 2,957 2,539

  1. Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 9,497 6,894 4,421 2,459 935 1,060 1,452 979 644 1,443 1,404 1,583 2012 1,411 720 681 93 7 56 31 6 12 35 105 2013 299 291 49 103 12 0 0 6 281 97 41 471 2014 1,092 908 893 0 0 0 0 0 57 6 2015 168 796 162 23 6 356 351 333 346 2016 618 462 347 277 298 358

  2. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA NA 1.99 5.43 5.77 -- -- -- -- -- 2010's -- 3.90 3.46 3.83 11.05 3.34

  3. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.54 4.21 4.89 4.12 4.30 4.58 4.46 4.09 4.00 3.56 3.57 3.37 2012 2.93 2.80 2.20 2.15 2.34 2.55 3.03 2.90 2.94 3.59 4.03 3.77 2013 3.77 3.63 4.04 4.38 4.27 4.17 3.91 3.61 3.88 3.74 4.04 4.59 2014 5.98 17.87 6.88 4.86 4.56 4.62 4.09 3.85 4.71 3.15 2015 3.29 4.03 3.93 2.81 2.95 3.87 3.43 4.03 4.02 3.08 2.06 2.19 2016 2.42 2.14 1.90 1.68 1.76 2.09

  4. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA NA 71 172 2,193 0 0 0 0 0 2010's 0 3,975 11,768 16,209 5,474 5,245

  5. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 30 721 666 32 13 31 23 39 41 494 1,069 818 2012 1,273 1,377 647 277 236 107 168 105 54 342 3,941 3,242 2013 6,162 4,355 1,720 76 171 316 1,331 449 445 44 374 767 2014 1,648 2,476 282 245 205 0 84 410 6 118 2015 1,060 598 544 121 422 294 319 274 262 669 325 356 2016 616 546 422 330 344 614

  6. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.40 2.46 2.07 2.29 2000's 3.75 4.19 3.09 5.04 5.77 8.01 6.82 6.72 8.48 4.21 2010's 4.49 4.15 2.86 3.87 5.59 2.88

  7. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.58 4.37 4.22 4.21 4.36 4.47 4.33 4.09 3.92 3.65 3.64 3.50 2012 3.18 2.88 2.50 2.16 2.40 2.51 2.98 2.95 2.90 3.48 3.95 3.73 2013 3.74 3.65 3.98 4.12 4.08 3.84 3.79 3.44 3.54 3.62 3.77 4.45 2014 5.97 11.88 10.97 4.77 4.55 4.61 4.16 3.90 3.95 3.86 4.40 3.97 2015 3.34 4.03 3.35 2.75 2.79 2.75 2.76 2.86 2.75 2.62 2.39 2.29 2016 2.58 2.29 1.93 1.91 1.83 2.06

  8. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 394,415 395,650 468,576 506,866 2000's 469,361 448,898 402,621 359,801 399,298 467,595 419,284 499,863 476,948 478,368 2010's 447,079 544,135 401,717 238,970 324,613 229,043

  9. Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 51,290 42,870 51,863 44,224 45,529 52,162 52,689 50,964 45,400 51,659 27,118 28,368 2012 22,036 21,459 23,879 43,604 44,578 41,943 43,823 44,416 41,802 41,662 14,057 18,459 2013 15,693 13,380 14,460 20,624 33,889 31,352 11,189 13,944 20,155 24,353 17,445 22,486 2014 26,877 24,032 29,979 30,354 32,653 31,697 29,370 28,374 26,447 24,326 20,140 20,363 2015 21,353 18,703 14,104 16,080 18,999 19,502 20,535 21,111 21,232 19,202 20,100 18,124

  10. Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 1 24 19 15 3 0 8 23 22 2014 32 29 25 26 22 19 12 0 0 9 20 22 2015 27 17 20 21 28 23 23 5 0 4 20 27 2016 25 22 21 28 0 0

  11. Compressed U.S. Natural Gas Imports from Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 33 27 30 29 9 26 20 19 22 27 28 32 2015 30 32 38 28 19 19 21 21 15 21 23 26 2016 30 29 33 28 29 19

  12. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 88 139 139 79 109 0 2014 0 41 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 63 0 28 2015 0 0 46 39 34 41 41 44 45 43 45 59 2016 97 116 65 74 113 118

  13. U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1973 60 384 1,167 931 1,670 1,598 1,758 1,829 1,022 1,465 1,483 1,456 1974 34 362 1,059 749 1,424 1,689 1,532 1,455 1,004 1,269 1,349 1,336 1975 26 317 968 657 1,350 1,393 1,422 1,117 896 864 139 1,071 1976 41 275 868 600 1,059 1,223 964 613 630 1,066 162 4 1977 5 3 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 5 1978 6 11 4 3 2 1 1 1 1 3 14 18 1979 14 22 10 6 3 1 1 1 1 2 9 7 1980 11 15 16 7 4 3 3 2 4 8 14 24 1981 17 16 13 9 6 3 1 1 1 7 12 22 1982 34 22 19 14 9 5 4 4 6 9

  14. U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1973 92,519 83,616 91,230 88,107 85,712 78,993 79,428 84,360 81,086 89,881 84,677 88,274 1974 85,729 78,845 85,165 83,341 79,757 74,245 73,247 76,037 70,511 82,625 83,107 86,454 1975 80,824 74,496 83,380 82,132 79,818 76,307 77,972 74,263 72,849 80,468 80,761 84,845 1976 83,363 78,024 83,887 83,882 81,650 75,785 72,502 75,174 73,110 83,226 79,901 83,110 1977 86,944 89,195 97,764 82,672 84,659 75,191 71,444 75,397 75,446 83,780 85,266 89,536

  15. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) to Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 4.71 3.42 5.16 5.77 3.58

  16. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports (Price) to Canada (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.73 6.52 5.03 4.85 4.94 5.07 5.04 4.58 4.38 3.99 4.09 4.11 2012 4.13 3.39 2.83 2.48 2.67 2.78 3.36 3.31 3.20 3.82 5.22 4.65 2013 6.75 7.39 5.25 5.00 4.66 4.28 4.37 3.99 4.00 3.98 4.28 7.05 2014 20.09 17.10 11.65 4.88 4.55 4.59 4.06 3.63 3.62 3.42 5.20 3.86 2015 6.61 12.26 4.43 2.81 2.82 2.54 2.64 2.32 2.98 2.79 2.31 1.81 2016 2.84 2.48 1.89 2.23 1.96 2.17

  17. Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Truck to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 2 0 0 2010's 0 0 2 71 99 41

  18. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.97 2.36 2.17 2.47 2000's 2.91 3.92 NA 5.06 6.83 7.92 7.36 7.77 7.48 4.85 2010's 4.87 4.48 3.18 3.98 5.45 3.55

  19. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.71 4.55 4.42 4.87 4.86 4.93 4.77 4.76 4.38 4.25 3.90 3.76 2012 3.32 2.95 2.71 2.49 2.42 2.74 3.14 3.24 3.03 3.42 3.93 4.03 2013 3.69 3.62 3.91 4.48 4.58 4.35 3.93 3.65 3.88 3.85 3.84 4.44 2014 5.50 8.11 11.25 4.99 4.79 4.90 4.31 4.06 4.08 3.93 4.63 3.77 2015 3.15 4.22 3.68 2.87 2.87 2.96 3.05 3.10 2.67 2.27 2.09 2016 2.45 2.05 1.84 2.08 2.04 2.51

  20. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 638 5,286 3,377 691 2000's 5,320 3,651 NA 811 4,455 5,222 3,483 9,158 8,756 14,925 2010's 22,198 41,964 42,866 35,273 24,583 7,208

  1. Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4,338 5,323 4,952 3,361 3,295 2,761 2,838 2,182 2,061 2,644 3,085 5,122 2012 6,067 6,721 3,354 3,404 2,923 1,986 2,475 2,217 2,574 1,273 4,365 5,506 2013 4,648 4,807 5,273 2,983 1,470 995 1,856 1,524 1,400 2,511 2,980 4,827 2014 5,707 3,266 1,088 1,030 1,210 2,186 3,940 2,133 1,526 1,272 798 427 2015 998 2,425 2,055 93 8 11 411 96 722 315 77 2016 450 368 782 699 512 406

  2. Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2010's 0 472 0 0

  3. Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2012 472

  4. Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2.92 3.04 2.78 2.81 2000's 4.25 4.96 4.08 6.08 7.06 9.34 8.95 7.78 9.69 6.85 2010's 6.48 6.55 5.75 6.04 7.34 5.65

  5. Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.63 6.67 7.13 6.84 6.97 5.92 5.48 6.42 5.84 4.29 4.30 5.81 2012 6.07 5.83 5.26 5.21 5.09 5.16 5.01 5.21 5.29 6.03 6.64 6.31 2013 6.56 6.42 6.58 6.32 5.57 5.92 4.59 4.50 4.79 5.11 5.89 6.41 2014 9.00 8.27 8.64 6.68 6.09 6.12 5.78 5.19 5.38 5.22 6.43 6.83 2015 6.31 6.35 6.21 5.40 3.80 3.68 3.60 3.64 3.71 5.32 4.85 5.84 2016 5.37 5.68 5.06 5.45 4.32 3.12

  6. Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 13,642 12,927 9,184 7,258 2000's 7,309 6,931 7,662 6,817 7,357 6,989 6,588 6,887 6,588 5,730 2010's 5,595 3,965 3,992 4,147 3,819 3,049

  7. Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 873 767 704 412 240 192 197 188 135 37 53 167 2012 573 505 424 324 197 201 211 179 174 224 418 562 2013 588 581 537 346 91 159 184 164 191 265 430 612 2014 666 575 574 283 176 152 169 165 163 172 331 394 2015 589 609 486 216 84 80 89 76 79 217 273 252 2016 480 492 363 261 133 80

  8. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd (New York) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    York Phone Number: 1.800.661.3805 or 1.403.920.2000 Website: www.transcanada.com4779.html Outage Hotline: 1.800.661.3805 or 1.403.920.2000 References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

  9. Port of Del Bonita, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 1.04 1.04 1.37 2.66 2000's 4.52 4.64 2.66 4.68 -- 9.18 -- 6.86 9.43 3.39 2010's 4.19 4.21 2.85 3.46 4.39 2.16 per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.48 4.22 4.48 4.63 4.77 4.39 4.51 4.22 4.23 3.76 3.74 3.29 2012 3.00 2.70 2.42 2.48 2.47 2.08 2.60 2.64 2.80 3.54 3.74 3.60 2013 3.45 3.45 3.77 3.93 3.85 3.43 2.97 2.73 2.50 3.66 3.72

  10. Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    690,466 658,934 730,988 695,152 518,386 509,242 1996-2015 Pipeline Prices 4.14 3.75 2.45 3.23 4.41 2.40 1996

  11. Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA NA 2000's NA NA 3.47 -- -- -- -- 2010's -- 3.14 -- Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 1.65 3.35

    Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2013 15 108

  12. Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 1.91 2.18 1.83 2.03 2000's 3.73 4.01 3.02 5.22 5.73 7.77 6.78 6.67 8.23 3.90 2010's 4.14 3.75 2.45 3.23 4.41 2.40 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3.97 3.89 3.73 4.04 4.06 4.14 4.05 3.87 3.70 3.41 3.23 3.02 2012 2.70 2.31 1.89 1.75 1.89 2.10 2.29 2.50 2.37 2.82 3.34 3.42 2013 3.20 3.10 3.23 3.62 3.69 3.50 3.06 2.72 2.58 3.10 3.38 3.62

  13. Sault St Marie, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 4.94 6.38 8.13 8.11 7.13 8.75 5.04 2010's 5.27 4.23 3.20 4.04 6.01 3.47 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.73 4.36 4.18 4.50 4.50 4.60 4.76 4.53 4.13 4.00 3.96 3.76 2012 3.32 3.11 2.69 2.41 2.48 2.70 3.14 3.24 3.10 3.57 4.11 3.92 2013 3.74 3.68 4.20 4.46 4.51 4.36 4.09 3.98 4.05 3.96 3.83 4.49 2014 5.47 11.53 10.62

  14. Sherwood, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's NA NA NA 5.05 -- -- -- 2010's -- 14.71 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 15.03 4.76

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2014 10 0

  15. St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 3.13 2.51 2.23 2.51 2000's 3.73 3.82 3.42 6.13 6.56 7.77 7.39 7.24 8.96 4.62 2010's 4.86 4.45 3.11 4.07 6.39 3.2 Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 4.84 4.64 4.44 4.67 4.73 4.83 4.72 4.60 4.26 4.03 3.93 3.70 2012 3.34 3.00 2.64 2.30 2.54 2.67 3.11 3.18 3.09 3.55 4.06 3.90 2013 3.71 3.65 4.00 4.49 4.46 4.31 4.05 3.86 3.97 3.97 3.93 4.51 2014 6.09 11.64

  16. Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 4.71 3.42 5.16 5.77 3.58 Thousand Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.73 6.52 5.03 4.85 4.94 5.07 5.04 4.58 4.38 3.99 4.09 4.11 2012 4.13 3.39 2.83 2.48 2.67 2.78 3.36 3.31 3.20 3.82 5.22 4.65 2013 6.75 7.39 5.25 5.00 4.66 4.28 4.37 3.99 4.00 3.98 4.28 7.05 2014 20.09 17.10 11.65 4.88 4.55 4.59 4.06 3.63 3.62 3.42 5.20 3.86

  17. Port of Del Bonita, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- 7.61 -- 2010's -- 7.54 2.62 6.65 4.06 2.96 Cubic Feet)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.54 2012 2.20 2.65 2.46 3.48 2013 14.87 4.39 2014 4.06 4.09 4.01 5.00 3.08 2015 2.81 3.05 2.90 2.95 3.03 3.09 2.09

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 336 2012 0 138 55 5 2013 21 75 2014 185 76 64 25 23 2015 214 146 92 48 50 181 2

    Thousand

  18. Lake sediment records of industrialization in the Sudbury area of Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huhn, F.J.

    1985-01-01

    The smelting of nickel and copper sulfide ores has drastically modified the original landscape around Sudbury, Ontario. A record of this impact exists in the sediments of local lakes. Changes in the annual fallout of heavy metals, identifiable smoke particulates, and pollen grains reflect the changes that occurred in the sedimentation rate and the vegetation. A year by year chronology for the last 300 years was provided by meromictic lake sediments containing countable seasonal laminations, obtained by a freezing technique that kept the sediments and sediment/water interface undisturbed. Results indicate that: correspondences of vegetation changes, and sedimentation rates with metal residues and smoke particulates in the sediments, and with published smelter records are good; annual laminations in meromictic lakes provided an excellent chronology, as checked against known dates for settlement and the onset of smelting; identifiable smoke particulates provided a good record of smelter activity, and were also a check on metal residue mobility in the sediments.

  19. Team Canada Returns to the Solar Decathlon with First Nation Values in Mind

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Team Canada’s 2011 Solar Decathlon house -- which is known as TRTL (Technological Residence that respects Traditional Living) -- addresses critical housing issues in Alberta, Canada’s Aboriginal communities.

  20. Secretary Chu Opens U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    efficiency improvements; carbon capture and sequestration; and more efficient, clean, "smart" electrical grids. This week's roundtable will solicit private sector input on the...