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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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1

RECOVERY OF LACTIC ACID FROM AMERICAN CRYSTAL SUGAR COMPANY WASTEWATER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project has shown that the recovery of several valuable lactic acid products is both technically feasible and economically viable. One of the original objectives of this project was to recover lactic acid. However, the presence of a variety of indigenous bacteria in the wastewater stream and technical issues related to recovery and purification have resulted in the production of lactic acid esters. These esters could by hydrolyzed to lactic acid, but only with unacceptable product losses that would be economically prohibitive. The developed process is projected to produce approximately 200,000 lb per day of lactate esters from wastewater at a single factory at costs that compete with conventional solvents. The lactate esters are good solvents for polymers and resins and could replace acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, MIBK, and other polar solvents used in the polymer industry. Because of their low volatility and viscosity-lowering properties, they will be especially useful for inks for jet printers, alkyl resins, and high-solid paints. Owing to their efficiency in dissolving salts and flux as well as oils and sealants, lactate esters can be used in cleaning circuit boards and machine and engine parts. Unlike conventional solvents, lactate esters exhibit low toxicity, are biodegradable, and are not hazardous air pollutants. Another application for lactate esters is in the production of plasticizers. Severe health problems have been attributed to widely used phthalate ester plasticizers. The U.S. Department of Agriculture showed that replacement of these with inexpensive lactate esters is feasible, owing to their superior polymer compatibility properties. A very large market is projected for polymers prepared from lactic acid. These are called polylactides and are a type of polyester. Thermoplastics of this type have a variety of uses, including moldings, fibers, films, and packaging of both manufactured goods and food products. Polylactides form tough, orientable, self-supporting thin films and have, therefore, been used for adhesives, safety glass, and finishes. If the bacterial culture produces the L-lactic acid enanatiomer form exclusively, the L-lactide prepared from this form can be used for making polymers with good fiber-forming properties. We have not currently achieved the exclusive production of L-lactate in our efforts. However, markets in films and structural shapes are available for polymers and copolymers prepared from the mixed D,L-lactide forms that result from processing the D,L-lactic acid obtained from fermentation such as that occurring naturally in sugar beet wastewater. These materials are slowly biodegraded to harmless compounds in the environment, and they burn with a clean blue flame when incinerated. These materials represent excellent opportunities for utilization of the D,L-lactic mixture produced from natural fermentation of the ACS flume water. Esters can be converted into a lactide, and the alcohol released from the ester can be recycled with no net consumption of the alcohol. Lactide intermediates could be produced locally and shipped to polymer producers elsewhere. The polymer and copolymer markets are extremely large, and the role of lactides in these markets is continuously expanding. The overall process can be readily integrated into existing factory wastewater operations. There are several environmental benefits that would be realized at the factories with incorporation of the lactate recovery process. The process reduces the organic loading to the existing wastewater treatment system that should result in enhanced operability with respect to both solids handling and treated-water quality. A higher-quality treated water will also help reduce odor levels from holding ponds. Several water reuse opportunities are probable, depending on the quality of treated water from the FT process.

Daniel J. Stepan; Edwin S. Olson; Richard E. Shockey; Bradley G. Stevens; John R. Gallagher

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

2

Nucleic Acid Standards - Sugar and Phosphate Constituents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sugar and Phosphate Constituents Sugar and Phosphate Constituents The following tables contain the complete references for the structures used in a statistical survey of well-refined mononucleoside, mononucleotide, dinucleoside monophosphate, and trinucleoside diphosphate crystal structures found in the Cambridge Structural Database and the Nucleic Acid Database that appeared in The Journal of the American Chemical Society (Anke Gelbin, Bohdan Schneider, Lester Clowney, Shu-Hsin Hsieh, Wilma K. Olson, and Helen M. Berman. "Geometric Parameters in Nucleic Acids: Sugar Phosphate Constituents" (1996) 118, 519-529.) Table 1: References for Mononucleoside and Mononucleotide Structures Table 2: References for Dinucleoside Monophosphate and Trinucleoside Diphosphate Structures The following tables are summaries of the bond lengths, angles, and torsion

3

Sugar Production  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sugar Production Sugar Production Name: Lauren Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: This is the experiment I did: our class took 6 sugars, placed them in test tubes and put three drops of yeast in each test tube. we then placed them in the incubator for one day and the next day looked at our results. the purpose was to find out with sugar would produce the most carbon dioxide. two of the sugars that we tested were LACTOSE and STARCH. my question is, why are lactose and starch the only sugars who didn't produce any, or very very little, carbon dioxide? and how is this process related to glycolysis? Replies: Bacteria and yeast are very efficient with their enzyme systems. They don't make enzymes they can't use. Yeast don't have the enzymes necessary to metabolize lactose. Starch is a complex sugar and yeast needs certain enzymes to break starch down into sugar. Every chemical reaction needs its own enzyme.

4

Sugar Bush  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sugar Bush Sugar Bush Nature Bulletin No. 220-A Msrch 5, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation SUGAR BUSH About this time of year in our northern states, when a cold clear night is followed by a warm sunny day, you know that spring is just around the corner and that, as they say in New England, "Sap's a-startin"'. Then you see squirrels in the maple trees, nibbling at little icicles of sap from broken twigs or wounds in the bark. For the farmer who owns a "sugar bush" -- a grove of sugar maple trees -- this means perhaps a month of hard tedious work for himself and his family and his hired help: tapping the trees, collecting the sap, and "boiling it down" into maple sugar and maple syrup. There will also be at least one "sugaring-off" party, at night, with hot buttered soda biscuits dunked in thin hot maple syrup, and maple candy pulled into taffy by the young folks.

5

pubs.acs.org/crystalPublished on Web 05/07/2010r 2010 American Chemical Society DOI: 10.1021/cg900830y  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pubs.acs.org/crystalPublished on Web 05/07/2010r 2010 American Chemical Society DOI: 10.1021/cg. Kenis, Charles F. Zukoski, III, and Richard D. Braatz* Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering in an evaporation- based high-throughput crystallization platform, which give low prediction errors when

Kenis, Paul J. A.

6

CSP Cream Sugar Copris CSP Cream Sugar Copris  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CSP Cream Sugar Copris : 2011 6 6 2011 8 22 2012 6 24 2014 5 19 : #12;CSP Cream Sugar Copris 1 2 3 Cream Java OpenOffice.org Calc 4 Sugar SAT Scala : #12;CSP Cream Sugar Copris : #12;CSP Cream Sugar Copris (CSP) (CSP; Constraint Satisfaction Problem) (X, D, C) X: (variable) D: x X (domain) ( : D

Banbara, Mutsunori

7

Iraq Produces Date Sugar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iraq will soon begin manufacture of sugar from dates as a result of experiments carried out under a UNESCO program by a Swiss scientist. Development of this industry will save the country some $16 million annually formerly spent for imported sugar.Dates ...

1955-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

8

Why is sugar sweet?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Why is sugar sweet? Why is sugar sweet? Name: Jonathan J Hoch Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: How do taste receptors work? To be more specific, what is the chemical reaction involved in tasting sugar? Replies: Sugar is sweet because when our tongue detects a sugar molecule the nervous impulse it sends says "sweet". Our tongue detects the sugar molecule by its shape. The shape fits into a little groove or pit in the tongues surface, and when this pit is filled it causes the nerve to fire and send a message to the brain that says "sweet". A lot of money has been spent developing new molecules that will cause fit in the little pits and thus tastes sweet, but not be igestible and so have no calories. Nutrasweet, for instance. However, scientists have been studying the reasons why the nerve impulse means "sweet" instead of "salty" or "Yucky" , and I am not sure that they have a definitive answer, and if they did, whether we would understand it!

9

Efficient Sugar Release  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sugar Sugar Release by the Cellulose Solvent-Based Lignocellulose Fractionation Technology and Enzymatic Cellulose Hydrolysis GEOFFREY MOXLEY, † ZHIGUANG ZHU, † AND Y.-H. PERCIVAL ZHANG* ,†,‡,§ Biological Systems Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 210-A Seitz Hall, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS), Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia 24061, and Department of Energy (DOE) BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Efficient liberation of fermentable soluble sugars from lignocellulosic biomass waste not only decreases solid waste handling but also produces value-added biofuels and biobased products. Industrial hemp, a special economic crop, is cultivated for its high-quality fibers and high-value seed oil, but its hollow

10

Waste heat recovery systems in the sugar industry: An Indian perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article identifies the key role of the sugar industry in the rural development of developing countries. The Indian sugar industry, already second largest among the country`s processing industries, shows even greater potential, according to the Plan Documents (shown in a table). The potential of waste heat in sugar processing plants, which produce white crystal sugar using the double sulphitation clarification process, is estimated at 5757.9 KJ/kg of sugar. Efficient waste heat recovery (WHR) systems could help arrest the trend of increasing production costs. This would help the sugar industry not only in India, but in many other countries as well. The innovative methods suggested and discussed briefly in this article include dehydration of prepared cane, bagasse drying, and juice heating using waste heat. These methods can reduce the cost of energy in sugar production by at least 10% and improve efficiency and productivity.

Madnaik, S.D.; Jadhav, M.G. [Walchand Inst. of Tech., Maharashtra (India)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols (Presentation)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working Group Meeting Working Group Meeting 11/06/2007 Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Renewable Hydrogen Production Using Sugars and Sugar Alcohols Sugars and Sugar Alcohols * * Problem: Problem: Need Need to develop renewable to develop renewable hydrogen production technologies using hydrogen production technologies using diverse diverse feedstocks feedstocks 10 15 20 CH 4 : C 6 H 14 ln(P) * * Description: Description: The BioForming The BioForming TM TM process uses process uses aqueous phase reforming to cost effectively aqueous phase reforming to cost effectively produce hydrogen from a range of feedstocks, produce hydrogen from a range of feedstocks, including glycerol and sugars. The key including glycerol and sugars. The key breakthrough is a proprietary catalyst that breakthrough is a proprietary catalyst that

12

Sugar Esters: Fact or Fantasy?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sugar Research Foundation gets broad process patent, but cost, process problems slow commercialization ... Many are plagued by scaleup and other process snags. ...

1959-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

13

Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and Sugar Alcohols to Reduce Costs Exploring Hydrogen Generation from Biomass-Derived Sugar and Sugar Alcohols to Reduce...

14

Plant Nucleotide Sugar Formation, Interconversion, and Salvage by Sugar Recycling*  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant Plant Nucleotide Sugar Formation, Interconversion, and Salvage by Sugar Recycling ∗ Maor Bar-Peled 1,2 and Malcolm A. O'Neill 2 1 Department of Plant Biology and 2 Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602; email: peled@ccrc.uga.edu, mao@ccrc.uga.edu Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2011. 62:127-55 First published online as a Review in Advance on March 1, 2011 The Annual Review of Plant Biology is online at plant.annualreviews.org This article's doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103918 Copyright c 2011 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved 1543-5008/11/0602-0127$20.00 ∗ Dedicated to Peter Albersheim for his inspiration and his pioneering studies in determining the structure and biological functions of complex carbohydrates. Keywords nucleotide sugar biosynthesis, nucleotide sugar interconversion, nucleotide sugar

15

Maple Syrup and Maple Sugar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Syrup and Maple Sugar Syrup and Maple Sugar Nature Bulletin No. 419-A May 15, 1971 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation MAPLE SYRUP AND MAPLE SUGAR When we old-timers were youngsters, a favorite breakfast in winter -- one that stuck to our ribs -- featured buckwheat pancakes or "flapjacks" with plenty of butter and maple syrup. Our great- grandfathers who settled here in the Middle West soon learned from the Indians how to tap sugar maple trees in early spring and, from the sap, make syrup and sugar. For the Indians inhabiting New England and the country on both sides of the Great Lakes, maple syrup and maple sugar were very important foods. Upper Michigan and adjacent Canada were occupied mostly by the Chippewa or Ojibway when visited in the 1760's by two explorers who lived among them and wrote accounts of how these "Canoe People" obtained and used the sugar and syrup so essential to them.

16

Methods for dehydration of sugars and sugar alcohols  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention includes a method of dehydration of a sugar using a dehydration catalyst and a co-catalyst within a reactor. A sugar is introduced and H.sub.2 is flowed through the reactor at a pressure of less than or equal to about 300 psig to convert at least some of the sugar into an anhydrosugar product. The invention includes a process for producing isosorbide. A starting material comprising sorbitol is flowed into a reactor. H.sub.2 is counter flowed through the reactor. The starting material is exposed to a catalyst in the presence of a co-catalyst which comprises at least one metal. The exposing is conducted at a hydrogen pressure of less than or equal to 300 psig within the reactor and the hydrogen removes at least some of any water present during the exposing and inhibits formation of colored byproducts.

Holladay, Johnathan E [Kennewick, WA; Hu, Jianli [Kennewick, WA; Zhang, Xinjie [Burlington, MA; Wang, Yong [Richland, WA

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

17

Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage Months Polish - American Heritage, Italian - American Heritage, German - American Heritage...

18

SAT Sugar Scala SAT ( ) SAT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Domain-Specific Language) Scala Sugar 1 (CSP; Constraint Satisfaction Prob- lem) (COP; Constraint Optmization Problem) [3][7] CSP (constraint programming) CSP CSP (constraint mod- eling language) CSP, Kobe University. Mutsunori Banbara, , In- formation Science and Technology Center, Kobe University. CSP

Banbara, Mutsunori

19

Designing the Sugar Cane Charcoal Extruder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Sugar Cane Charcoal Extruder compresses carbonized sugar cane into charcoal briquettes. that are environmentally-friendly and comparable to wood charcoal in burn performance, cost, and durability. Originally developed ...

Ang, Dexter W

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The Auk 117(3):709717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

709 The Auk 117(3):709­717, 2000 SEASONAL FRUIT PREFERENCES FOR LIPIDS AND SUGARS BY AMERICAN AND TIMOTHY WORK4 Department of Biology, Hope College, Holland, Michigan 49423, USA ABSTRACT.--Fruit preference by birds is a complex process based upon the morphology and spatial arrangement of fruits

Radeloff, Volker C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Sugar Competition Results Discussion Future Sugar: A SAT-based CSP Solver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sugar Competition Results Discussion Future . . . .. . . Sugar: A SAT-based CSP Solver --Results summary of the 3rd intertional CSP solver competition-- Naoyuki Tamura, Tomoya Tanjo, Mutsunori Banbara-based CSP Solver --Results summary of #12;Sugar Competition Results Discussion Future Outline .. Sugar CSP

Banbara, Mutsunori

22

New proposal for integrated production of sugar and biofuels from sugar beet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problems related to the traditional technology of sugar-beet processing have became so important that the beet sector in Europe, and particularly in Italy, has been shocked. If we want to produce sugar beet i...

Giuseppe Vaccari; Gianluigi Marchetti

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

12 Maple Syrup Digest SUGAR PROFILES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5+/-0.7 2006. 18A(4) #12;December 2006 13 similar amounts of fructose, glucose, sucrose and total invert sugars and Mark Isselhardt Proctor Maple Research Center The University of Vermont Underhill Ctr., VT 05490

Hayden, Nancy J.

24

Treatment of biomass to obtain fermentable sugars  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Biomass is pretreated using a low concentration of aqueous ammonia at high biomass concentration. Pretreated biomass is further hydrolyzed with a saccharification enzyme consortium. Fermentable sugars released by saccharification may be utilized for the production of target chemicals by fermentation.

Dunson, Jr., James B. (Newark, DE); Tucker, Melvin (Lakewood, CO); Elander, Richard (Evergreen, CO); Hennessey, Susan M. (Avondale, PA)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

25

Weed Control Research in Sugar Beets.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

producers. Weed control methods that have been improved as average temperature imm&. PpJramin satisfactoiy for other sections of the country have not and Tillam gave little weed control in March when been consistend y effectite in West Texas. sugar...

Wiese, A. F.; Scott, P. R.; Lavake, D. E.; Winter, S. R.; Owen, D. F.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Fermentable sugars by chemical hydrolysis of biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fermentable sugars by chemical hydrolysis of biomass Joseph B. Binder and Ronald T. Raines1 19, 2009) Abundant plant biomass has the potential to become a sustainable source of fuels of biomass into monosaccharides. Add- ing water gradually to a chloride ionic liquid-containing catalytic

Raines, Ronald T.

27

New Enzyme Speeds Up Biomass-to-Sugar Conversion | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

New Enzyme Speeds Up Biomass-to-Sugar Conversion New Enzyme Speeds Up Biomass-to-Sugar Conversion January 28, 2015 - 1:32pm Addthis Scientists at the Energy Department's National...

28

Sulfated Mesoporous Niobium Oxide Catalyzed 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Formation from Sugars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sulfated Mesoporous Niobium Oxide Catalyzed 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural Formation from Sugars ... The effectiveness of sulfated mesoporous niobium oxide (MNO-S) as a catalyst for the production of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) from sugar was studied and is reported herein. ...

Ernest Lau Sze Ngee; Yongjun Gao; Xi Chen; Timothy Misso Lee; Zhigang Hu; Dan Zhao; Ning Yan

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

Solubility of Sugars and Sugar Alcohols in Ionic Liquids: Measurement and PC-SAFT Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solubility of Sugars and Sugar Alcohols in Ionic Liquids: Measurement and PC-SAFT Modeling ... The measured data as well as previously published solubility data of glucose and fructose in these ILs were modeled by means of PC-SAFT using a molecular-based associative approach for ILs. ... PC-SAFT was used in this work as it has shown to be applicable to model the solubility of xylitol and sorbitol in ILs (Paduszy?ski; et al. ...

Aristides P. Carneiro; Christoph Held; Oscar Rodrguez; Gabriele Sadowski; Eugnia A. Macedo

2013-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd SKSAPL | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd SKSAPL Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd SKSAPL Jump to: navigation, search Name Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd. (SKSAPL) Place Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India Sector Biomass Product Kolhapur based biomass project developers. References Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd. (SKSAPL)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd. (SKSAPL) is a company located in Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India . References ↑ "[ Shree Kedarnath Sugar and Agro Products Ltd. (SKSAPL)]" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Shree_Kedarnath_Sugar_and_Agro_Products_Ltd_SKSAPL&oldid=350995

31

Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STAT10 N BULLETIN NO. 195 AUGUST, 1916 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY JAPANESE SUGAR CANE AS A FORAGE CROP BY A. H. LEIDIGH, B. S., Agronomist, IN CONSULTATION WITH G. T. McNESS, Superintendent, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, and H. H.... LAUDE, B. S., Superintendenr, Substation No. 4, Beaumont I POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS 1916 AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, A. hq.. D. C. L...

Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Graphene from Sugar and its Application in Water Purification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene from Sugar and its Application in Water Purification ... A table presents test results on the purified water and design criteria are discussed. ...

Soujit Sen Gupta; Theruvakkattil Sreenivasan Sreeprasad; Shihabudheen Mundampra Maliyekkal; Sarit Kumar Das; Thalappil Pradeep

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

33

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

case investigates the biological conversion of biomass-derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with...

34

Proceedings of The South African Sugar Technologists ' Association- June 1995 IMPROVING OLDER SUGAR MILL BOILERS IL BOSHOFF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvements which can be made to sugar mill boilers when they are being moved or in situ, are listed. Examples of such improvements are given.

unknown authors

35

Novel Ethanol Fermentations from Sugar Cane and Straw  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...30 April 1987 research-article Novel Ethanol Fermentations from Sugar Cane and Straw...desirable to produce bulk chemicals such as ethanol from renewable resources; the questions...and the resulting sugars would increase ethanol yields. A high-temperature fermentation...

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Supported metal catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite extensive studies on hydrogen production via steam reforming of alcohols and sugar alcohols, catalysts typically suffer a variety of issues from poor hydrogen selectivity to rapid deactivation. Here, we summarize recent advances in fundamental understanding of functionality and structure of catalysts for alcohol/sugar alcohol steam reforming, and provide perspectives on further development required to design highly efficient steam reforming catalysts.

Davidson, Stephen; Zhang, He; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

37

Acid-catalyzed conversion of mono- and poly-sugars into platform chemicals: Effects of molecular structure of sugar substrate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hydrolysis/pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass always produces a mixture of sugars with distinct structures as intermediates or products. This study tried to elucidate the effects of molecular structure of sugars on their acid-catalyzed conversions in ethanol/water. Location of carbonyl group in sugars (fructose versus glucose) and steric configuration of hydroxyl groups (glucose versus galactose) significantly affected yields of levulinic acid/ester (fructose>glucose>galactose). The dehydration of fructose to 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural produces much less soluble polymer than that from glucose and galactose, which results in high yields of levulinic acid/ester from fructose. Anhydrate sugar such as levoglucosan tends to undergo the undesirable decomposition to form less levulinic acid/ester. Catalytic behaviors of the poly-sugars (sucrose, maltose, raffinose, ?-cyclodextrins) were determined much by their basic units. However, their big molecular sizes create the steric hindrance that significantly affects their followed conversion over solid acid catalyst.

Xun Hu; Liping Wu; Yi Wang; Yao Song; Daniel Mourant; Richard Gunawan; Mortaza Gholizadeh; Chun-Zhu Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

RAW MATERIALS EVALUATION AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT STUDIES FOR CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO SUGARS AND ETHANOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT STUDIES FOR CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO SUGARS ANDDEVELOPMENT STUDIES FOR CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO SUGARS ANDof the biomass, (2) the extent of conversion to glucose, (3)

Wilke, C.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

American Goldfinch  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American Goldfinch American Goldfinch Name: Mary-Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I happened on an American Goldfinch in my yard last week who could not fly. I captured it and now have it living in a large box. I have been feeding it commericial wild finch seed, niger seed and some sunflower seed. I have also provided a small cup of fine sand and a dish of water. Am I missing anything in it's diet? I had hoped to find someone to take it and care for it until it could fly again but have been unsuccessful so I may end up caring for it. It's wing is not visibly injured, however it can only flutter. I have been caring for it for 6 days now and it appears OK. Have also provided it with a small perch (branch) which it seems to use most of the time. Any other suggestions?

40

Bryant Sugar House Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bryant Sugar House Biomass Facility Bryant Sugar House Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Bryant Sugar House Biomass Facility Facility Bryant Sugar House Sector Biomass Location Palm Beach County, Florida Coordinates 26.6514503°, -80.2767327° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.6514503,"lon":-80.2767327,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Sri Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL Chamundeswari Sugars Limited SCSL Jump to: navigation, search Name Sri Chamundeswari Sugars Limited (SCSL) Place Bangalore, Karnataka, India Zip 560042 Sector Biomass Product Karnataka-based producer of sugar that has also developed biomass plants including a biogas plant. Coordinates 12.97092°, 77.60482° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":12.97092,"lon":77.60482,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

42

Seed Setting of Sugar Cane in South Africa  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... true sugar cane seedlings raised from seed set on the African continent. Although seedlings from Amu ...Darya which, like Glagah, is a variety of Saccharum spontaneum, had previously been obtained ...

P. G. C. BRETT

1946-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

43

Preparation of thio and seleno sugar esters of dimethylantimonous acid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

arsenic in the periodic table and an extension of the work done with arsenic and phosphorus to include the antimony analogues presents a logical extension of this effort. 12 Sagan, et al. , have prepared eaters of dialkyl- arsinous acids using... in the preparation of the phosphorus analogues of the sugar arsenites. The synthesis of dialkylphosphinous acid eaters of the thio and seleno sugars was effected via the reaction of symmetrical tetraalkyldiphosphines with bis(2, 3, 4, 6 ? tetra-0-acetyl...

Baimbridge, Charles Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

44

Density Calculation of Sugar Solutions with the SAFT Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density Calculation of Sugar Solutions with the SAFT Model ... The density calculation has been carried out by applying statistical associating fluid theory (SAFT) equations of state. ... This new method made use of critical temperature, pressure, and volume as well as normal boiling temperature to determine the SAFT parameters for sugars and is now extended to determine the SAFT parameters for d-xylose, sucrose, and sorbitol. ...

Peijun Ji; Wei Feng; Tianwei Tan

2006-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

45

Composition of sugar cane, energy cane, and sweet sorghum suitable for ethanol production at Louisiana sugar mills  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A challenge facing the biofuel industry is to develop an economically viable and sustainable biorefinery. The existing potential biorefineries in Louisiana, raw sugar mills, operate only 3months of the year. For...

Misook Kim; Donal F. Day

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

American Process - Alpena Biorefinery  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Economy - "Sugar is the new crude" Paper products Silk Fabrics Natural Rubber Bio Nano Materials Bio Based Chemicals & Fuels 200 nm 2000 * Most of the world's history is...

47

American Journal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American American Journal of Science JUNE 2007 GENERALIZATION OF GAS HYDRATE DISTRIBUTION AND SATURATION IN MARINE SEDIMENTS BY SCALING OF THERMODYNAMIC AND TRANSPORT PROCESSES GAURAV BHATNAGAR*, WALTER G. CHAPMAN*, GERALD R. DICKENS**, BRANDON DUGAN**, and GEORGE J. HIRASAKI* † ABSTRACT. Gas hydrates dominated by methane naturally occur in deep marine sediment along continental margins. These compounds form in pore space between the seafloor and a sub-bottom depth where appropriate stability conditions prevail. However, the amount and distribution of gas hydrate within this zone, and free gas below, can vary significantly at different locations. To understand this variability, we develop a one-dimensional numerical model that simulates the accumulation of gas hydrates in marine sediments due to upward and downward fluxes of methane over time. The model contains rigorous

48

Albert Macrander named American Physical Society Fellow  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Michael Borland named American Physical Society Fellow Michael Borland named American Physical Society Fellow Grad student is officially a GEMS NIU physicist Susan Mini lands NSF grant for APS beamline upgrades Argonne's Campuzano Honored by Hispanic Engineering Bugs in the News APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Albert Macrander named American Physical Society Fellow DECEMBER 10, 2007 Bookmark and Share Albert Macrander Albert Macrander of the Argonne X-ray Science Division (XSD) has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society. The Fellowship citation is for "advancement of x-ray science, x-ray optics, and x-ray measurements on crystals and for his leadership as Editor of the Review of Scientific Instruments."

49

Sugar Sensing and Signaling in Plants: Conserved and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu, sheen@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu Annu. Rev. Plant Biol. 2006. 57:675­709 The Annual Review of Plant Biology by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved 1543-5008/06/0602- 0675$20.00 Key Words glucose, sucrose, trehalose, Arabidopsis, hexokinase, Snf1-related protein kinase Abstract Sugars not only fuel cellular carbon and energy

Sheen, Jen

50

The Growth of Beet-Sugar in England  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... LORD DENBIGFI'S motion in the House of Lords on Monday night, asking for a rebate on the present excise duty on any sugar made in this country from beets during ... practically asks the State for a little assistance to get these points settled; with a rebate of the excise duty, equivalent to a bonus of 2S. 6d. per cwt. ...

1906-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

51

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This technology pathway case investigates the biological conversion of biomass-derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with recent pilot-scale demonstrations at NREL. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the pathway to become competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Davis, R.; Biddy, M.; Tan, E.; Tao, L.; Jones, S.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This technology pathway case investigates the biological conversion of biomass-derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with recent pilot-scale demonstrations at NREL. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the pathway to become competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

53

Exergy Analysis and Parametric Improvement of the Combined Production of Sugar, Ethanol, and Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the last 500years, the Brazilian sugarcane industry has evolved from a single product supplier (sugar producer) to an energy enterprise (sugar, alcohol and electricity). Different technological paths were d...

Silvio de Oliveira Jr.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Simple Method To Demonstrate the Enzymatic Production of Hydrogen from Sugar  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Simple Method To Demonstrate the Enzymatic Production of Hydrogen from Sugar ... In the experimental protocol described here, it has been demonstrated that the common sugar glucose can be used to produce hydrogen using two enzymes, glucose dehydrogenase and hydrogenase. ...

Ian Hurley; Natalie Hershlag; Jonathan Woodward

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Metalloenzyme-like Catalyzed Isomerizations of Sugars by Lewis Acid Zeolites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isomerization of sugars is used in a variety of industrially relevant processes and in glycolysis. Here, we show that hydrophobic zeolite beta with framework tin or titanium Lewis acid centers isomerizes sugars, e.g., ...

Bermejo-Deval, Ricardo

56

Smithsonian American Art Museum 1 Smithsonian American Art Museum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smithsonian American Art Museum 1 Smithsonian American Art Museum INVENTORY OF AMERICAN PAINTINGS): ___________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ EXECUTION DATE (if approximate, precede with circa): _____________________________ MEDIA oil pastel for contributing information to the national Inventory of American Paintings. Address completed reports

Mathis, Wayne N.

57

Sugar Grove, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sugar Grove, Illinois: Energy Resources Sugar Grove, Illinois: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.7614181°, -88.443686° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7614181,"lon":-88.443686,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

58

Digestibility of Sugar, Starches, and Pentosans of Roughages.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

gms. No. 3649-50. ..................... Eaten ........................................ Excreted 1491 gms. No. 3700.. .................. Sugars Mono. 55.8 2.6 53.2 1.5 51.7 97.2 97.5 F8.0 28.0 Starch. 212.4 10.0 202.4 6.7 195.7 96.6... 95.9 35.2 35.2 Di. 54.0 .3 -- 53.7 .7 53.5 99.6 99.7 12.8 12.8 .1 99.2 99.2 33.6 0 33.6 1.1 32.5 96.7 1.2 ................................. Digested. Reduc- ing sugar from hemi- cellulose. 111.2 5.2 106.0 48.8 57...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Recovery and Reinvestment Act Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Information Services American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

60

SugarJ: Library-based Syntactic Language Extensibility Sebastian Erdweg, Tillmann Rendel, Christian Kastner, and Klaus Ostermann  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SugarJ: Library-based Syntactic Language Extensibility Sebastian Erdweg, Tillmann Rendel, Christian of sugar libraries, we have developed SugarJ, a language on top of Java, SDF and Stratego, which supports syntactic extensibility. SugarJ employs a novel incremental parsing technique, which allows changing

Kaestner, Christian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Ambit Energy American Airlines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ACT Dallas Amazon Ambit Energy American Airlines American Eagle ARGO Armor Wealth Management Army Energy Future Holdings Enterprise Rent-A-Car FactSet Research Systems Fidelity Investments First

O'Toole, Alice J.

62

Buy American Program Guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Guidance on the Buy American provision as applied to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Projects funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Office of EERE Guidance effective December 17, 2009.

63

Use of a Urinary Sugars Biomarker to Assess Measurement Error in Self-Reported Sugars Intake in the Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...were collected along with sugars and energy dietary biomarkers. Results: Using the...and 4DFR (AF = 0.32), in studies of energy-adjusted sugars and disease risk. In...10) compared FFQ, 24HRs, and 4DFR energy and protein intake in NPAAS against respective...

Natasha Tasevska; Douglas Midthune; Lesley F. Tinker; Nancy Potischman; Johanna W. Lampe; Marian L. Neuhouser; Jeannette M. Beasley; Linda Van Horn; Ross L. Prentice; Victor Kipnis

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Use of a Urinary Sugars Biomarker to Assess Measurement Error in Self-Reported Sugars Intake in the Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment Study (NPAAS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dietary recalls (24HRs) were collected along with sugars and energy dietary biomarkers. Results: Using the biomarker, we found...FFQ (AF = 0.48) and 4DFR (AF = 0.32), in studies of energy-adjusted sugars and disease risk. In calibration models...

Natasha Tasevska; Douglas Midthune; Lesley F. Tinker; Nancy Potischman; Johanna W. Lampe; Marian L. Neuhouser; Jeannette M. Beasley; Linda Van Horn; Ross L. Prentice; Victor Kipnis

65

Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

SSRL's Monochromator Crystal Glitch Library allows users to view glitch spectra online, list specific crystal orientations, and download PDF files of the glitch spectra. (Specialized Interface)

66

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability...

67

American Reinvestment Recovery Act | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

American Reinvestment Recovery Act American Reinvestment Recovery Act Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Loan Program American Reinvestment Recovery Act More Documents &...

68

High pressure water jet cutting of sugar cane  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance was uniform before cutting. A liquid filled bourdon tube gauge was used to deter- mine the prescribed operating pressures. The gauge measured the oil pressure of the intensifier which had a 20 to 1 ratio (Figure 4 ) ~ The gauge pressure...HIGH PRESSURE WATER JET CUTTING OF SUGAR CANE A Thesis by THOMAS DONALD VALCO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject...

Valco, Thomas Donald

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Maple Sugar Bush Management and Biodiversity Conservation in Eastern Ontario, Canada .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the extent to which sugar bush management in Eastern Ontario might contribute to biodiversity maintenance and conservation and therefore be promoted as (more)

Clark, Kristin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Sugars Can Actually Be Good For Your Health (LBNL Science at the Theater)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Like peanut M&Ms, all cells are coated with sugars but the functions of these sugar coatings were a mystery until very recently. This presentation will highlight recent fascinating discoveries regarding why cells are coated with sugars, as well as new tools for cancer detection that take advantage of the cells sugar coating. Professor Bertozzis lab focuses on profiling changes in cell surface glycosylation associated with cancer, inflammation and bacterial infection, and exploiting this information for development of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. In addition, her group develops nanoscience-based technologies for probing cell function and for medical diagnostics.

Bertozzi, Carolyn

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

71

E-Print Network 3.0 - amino sugars Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

seed... of sugar, amino acid, and phosphate release from the seed coat and developing seeds of Viciafaba and Pisum... with a turgor-sensitive efflux control mechanism....

72

Improved method of analysis of biomass sugars using high-performance liquid chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The precise quantitative analysis of biomass derived sugars is a very important step in the conversion of biomass feedstocks to fuels and chemicals. However, the...

F.A. Agblevor; A. Murden; B.R. Hames

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Spatially resolved lasers using a glassy cholesteric liquid crystal film with lateral pitch gradient  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatially resolved lasers using a glassy cholesteric liquid crystal film with lateral pitch crystal CLC lasers, a lateral pitch gradient was introduced by thermally activated diffusion across efficiencies, 0.2%­1.5%, are superior to those reported to date for gradient-pitch CLC lasers. © 2011 American

Chen, Shaw H.

74

Crystallography of Quasiperiodic Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A unified description is given of modulated crystals and quasicrystals based on higher-dimensional crystallography.

Yamamoto, A.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Mixed crystal organic scintillators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mixed organic crystal according to one embodiment includes a single mixed crystal having two compounds with different bandgap energies, the organic crystal having a physical property of exhibiting a signal response signature for neutrons from a radioactive source, wherein the signal response signature does not include a significantly-delayed luminescence characteristic of neutrons interacting with the organic crystal relative to a luminescence characteristic of gamma rays interacting with the organic crystal. According to one embodiment, an organic crystal includes bibenzyl and stilbene or a stilbene derivative, the organic crystal having a physical property of exhibiting a signal response signature for neutrons from a radioactive source.

Zaitseva, Natalia P; Carman, M Leslie; Glenn, Andrew M; Hamel, Sebastien; Hatarik, Robert; Payne, Stephen A; Stoeffl, Wolfgang

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

76

Sugar++: A SAT-Based MAX-CSP/COP Solver Tomoya Tanjo1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sugar++: A SAT-Based MAX-CSP/COP Solver Tomoya Tanjo1 , Naoyuki Tamura2 , and Mutsunori Banbara2 1 describes some features of Sugar++, a SAT-based MAX- CSP/COP solver entering the Third International CSP Solver Competition. In our approach, a MAX-CSP is translated into a Constraint Optimization Problem (COP

Banbara, Mutsunori

77

Estimated length: 17.4 pages Running title (32 characters): Sugar metabolism in tomato fruit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Estimated length: 17.4 pages Running title (32 characters): Sugar metabolism in tomato fruit Full Title (150 characters): Model-assisted analysis of sugar metabolism throughout tomato fruit development Biologie du Fruit et Pathology, F33883 Villenave dOrnon Cedex, France b Univ. Bordeaux, 146 rue Léo

78

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bioconversion of dairy manure by black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) for biodiesel and sugar, a State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, National Engineering Research Centre of Microbial (BSFL) are consid- ered as a new biotechnology to convert dairy manure into biodiesel and sugar. BSFL

Tomberlin, Jeff

79

American Chemical Society Award Winners, Chicago, III.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Chemical Society Award Winners, Chicago, III. ... Copyright 1970 American Chemical Society ...

1970-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are undertaking studies of biomass conversion technologies to identify barriers and target research toward reducing conversion costs. Process designs and preliminary economic estimates for each of these pathway cases were developed using rigorous modeling tools (Aspen Plus and Chemcad). These analyses incorporated the best information available at the time of development, including data from recent pilot and bench-scale demonstrations, collaborative industrial and academic partners, and published literature and patents. This technology pathway case investigates the biological conversion of biomass derived sugars to hydrocarbon biofuels, utilizing data from recent literature references and information consistent with recent pilot scale demonstrations at NREL. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the pathway to become competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline, diesel and jet range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Davis, Ryan; Biddy, Mary J.; Tan, Eric; Tao, Ling; Jones, Susanne B.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CRYSTALLIZATION IN MULTICOMPONENT GLASSES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In glass processing situations involving glass crystallization, various crystalline forms nucleate, grow, and dissolve, typically in a nonuniform temperature field of molten glass subjected to convection. Nuclear waste glasses are remarkable examples of multicomponent vitrified mixtures involving partial crystallization. In the glass melter, crystals form and dissolve during batch-to-glass conversion, melter processing, and product cooling. Crystals often agglomerate and sink, and they may settle at the melter bottom. Within the body of cooling glass, multiple phases crystallize in a non-uniform time-dependent temperature field. Self-organizing periodic distribution (the Liesegnang effect) is common. Various crystallization phenomena that occur in glass making are reviewed.

KRUGER AA; HRMA PR

2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

82

Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass: Volume I--Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Sugars and Synthesis Gas  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report identifies twelve building block chemicals that can be produced from sugars via biological or chemical conversions.

83

Phasing tiny crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For tiny crystals, their diffraction intensities at and between the Bragg peaks become measurable due to the limited number of the unit cells, which can in principle be used to directly phase the crystal structures.

Miao, J.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

Growing Giant Crystals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

kids Growing Giant Crystals A new process similar to making rock candy was developed at NIF to rapidly grow very large crystals that are about 2 cubic feet in size and weigh up to...

85

Automation in biological crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automation is the response to overcoming the crystallization bottleneck in biological crystallography. This review provides a summary of the current methods and technologies applied in automated platforms for the setup of initial and follow-up crystallization experiments.

Shaw Stewart, P.

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

86

In-microbe formation of nucleotide sugars in engineered Escherichia coli  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

microbe microbe formation of nucleotide sugars in engineered Escherichia coli Ting Yang a , Yael Bar-Peled a , James Amor Smith a , John Glushka a , Maor Bar-Peled a,b,⇑ a Complex Carbohydrate Research Center (CCRC), University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA b Department of Plant Biology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 29 September 2011 Received in revised form 9 December 2011 Accepted 14 December 2011 Available online 20 December 2011 Keywords: Nucleotide sugar metabolism UDP-GalA UDP-Gal UDP-GlcNAcA UDP-XylNAc UDP-Glc 13 C-labeled nucleotide sugar 15 N-labeled nucleotide sugar E. coli In-microbe a b s t r a c t Numerous different nucleotide sugars are used as sugar donors for the biosynthesis of glycans by bacte- ria, humans, fungi, and plants. However, many of these nucleotide sugars are not available either in their native form

87

North American Energy Ministers Meeting  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Washington The North American Energy Ministers met today, in response to the call of the North American Leaders, to advance an energy agenda that expands the continents leadership in energy, strengthens North American energy security, supports shared economic prosperity and environmental performance. This meeting builds upon a long, productive and successful history of trilateral North American collaboration on energy issues.

88

The American Association  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the American Association for the Advancement of Science was held at St. Louis on December 26, 1903, to January 1. The address delivered by the president of the association, ...

1904-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

89

The great American garage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

How does one explore the suburban home? Go in through the garage, of course. Sales, bands, suicides, and business startups: The suburban garage is the most culturally flexible space in the entire American domestic environment. ...

Miller, B. Alex (Brian Alex), 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

American Samoa- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA), a government-owned electric utility, is the only power provider in this U.S. territory of almost 70,000 people. ASPA's "Interconnection and Net Energy...

91

Afterschool Alliance American College Marketing, LLC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Afterschool Alliance American College Marketing, LLC American Express PAC Match American Heart Lehigh Valley Dental Society MEPAC National Collegiate Inventors & Innovators Alliance New York Life

Napier, Terrence

92

RAW MATERIALS EVALUATION AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT STUDIES FOR CONVERSION OF BIOMASS TO SUGARS AND ETHANOL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF BIOMASS TO SUGARS AND ETHANOL C. R. Wilke, R. D. Yang,of Cellulose Conversion on Ethanol Cost. References Wilke,of Hydrolyzate to Ethanol and Single Cell Protein,"

Wilke, C.R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Accelerated Publications Three-Dimensional Structure of DesVI from Streptomyces Venezuelae: A Sugar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerated Publications Three-Dimensional Structure of DesVI from Streptomyces Venezuelae: A Sugar for the biosynthesis of dTDP-desosamine in Streptomyces Venezuelae, with the last step catalyzed by DesVI, an N

Holden, Hazel

94

Metal Chlorides in Ionic Liquid Solvents Convert Sugars to 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sugars were converted to hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) at high yield in ionic liquids without the addition of Bronsted acids. Very small amount of certain metal halides significantly reduced the fructose dehydration barrier in ionic liquids producing HMF at high yields. Most remarkably, glucose, a common sugar molecule, was selectively converted to HMF in good yield in ionic liquids containing a small amount of CrCl2. Thus CrCl2 is unique among metal chlorides tested for its effectiveness in both isomerizing glucose as well as dehydrating fructose. Only negligble amount of levulinic acid was formed in the reactions. The catalytic activity of metal chlorides for sugar conversion in ionic liquids is perhaps related to hydroxyl group of the sugar forming metal complexes with the unsaturated metal center.

Zhao, Haibo; Holladay, John E.; Brown, Heather M.; Zhang, Z. Conrad

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

95

Measurement of moisture and total reducing sugars using Near Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industrial applications. In this project, the accuracy and feasibility of measuring moisture and total reducing sugar content in a vegetable medium using a Near Infrared Spectroscopy technique was investigated as an alternative to slow and tedious classical...

Mehrubeoglu, Mehrube

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Activities of the Inter-Ministerial Council on Sugar and Ethanol During the Deregulation Process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Between 1997 and 1998, the Conselho Interministerial do Acar e do lcool...(CIMA, Inter-Ministerial Council on Sugar and Ethanol) took a number of measures relating to inventory purchases of ethanol by the gove...

Mrcia Azanha Ferraz Dias de Moraes

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Promotion of Biomass Cogeneration With Power Export in the Indian Sugar  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Promotion of Biomass Cogeneration With Power Export in the Indian Sugar Industry Promotion of Biomass Cogeneration With Power Export in the Indian Sugar Industry India Helping Reduce the Risk of Global Warming Greenhouse Gas Pollution Prevention (GEP) Project in India India is the world’s fifth largest, and second fastest growing, source of greenhouse gas emissions. The GEP Project, conducted under an agreement with USAID-India and NETL, has helped to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from coal- and biomass-fired power plants. The Project has directly contributed to reducing emissions of CO2 by 6 to 10 million tons per year. India is the largest producer of sugar and also contains vast reserves of coal. Under the Project’s Advanced Bagasse Cogeneration Component, cogeneration (production of electricity and steam) using biomass fuels year-round in high efficiency boilers in sugar mills is promoted. Experts feel that, using the concept of sugar mill cogeneration, that as much as 5,000 megawatts of electricity can be generated through efficient combustion of bagasse in Indian sugar mills.

98

Gout in African Americans  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose African Americans have a substantially higher prevalence of risk factors for gout than Caucasians. The aim of the present study was to compare the risk for incident gout among African Americans and Caucasians. Methods Incidence rates of physician-diagnosed gout among 11,559 Caucasian men and 931 African American men aged 35 to 57 years and at high cardiovascular risk, observed for 7 years as a part of the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, were analyzed. Cox regression models were used to account for potential confounding by age, body mass index, diuretic use, hypertension and diabetes status, aspirin and alcohol consumption, and kidney disease. Results At baseline, after accounting for risk factors, African Americans had a 14% lower prevalence of hyperuricemia than Caucasians. Incidence of gout increased with increasing prevalence of risk factors in both Caucasians and African Americans. Ethnic disparities in incidence rates were most apparent among those without other risk factors for gout. In separate Cox regression models, after accounting for risk factors, African American ethnicity was associated with a hazard ratio of 0.78 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-0.93) for physician-diagnosed gout and 0.88 (95% CI, 0.85-0.90) for incident hyperuricemia. Significant interactions were observed; the association was the strongest (hazard ratio 0.47; 0.37-0.60). These associations were unaffected by addition of serum urate as a covariate or by using alternate case definitions for gout. Conclusions After accounting for the higher prevalence of risk factors, African American ethnicity is associated with a significantly lower risk for gout and hyperuricemia compared with Caucasian ethnicity.

Eswar Krishnan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Phononic crystal devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Phononic crystals that have the ability to modify and control the thermal black body phonon distribution and the phonon component of heat transport in a solid. In particular, the thermal conductivity and heat capacity can be modified by altering the phonon density of states in a phononic crystal. The present invention is directed to phononic crystal devices and materials such as radio frequency (RF) tags powered from ambient heat, dielectrics with extremely low thermal conductivity, thermoelectric materials with a higher ratio of electrical-to-thermal conductivity, materials with phononically engineered heat capacity, phononic crystal waveguides that enable accelerated cooling, and a variety of low temperature application devices.

El-Kady, Ihab F. (Albuquerque, NM); Olsson, Roy H. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Interconnections North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnections Map of the North American Electric Reliability Corporation Interconnection showing the Eastern,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information...

102

Channeling through Bent Crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bent crystals have demonstrated potential for use in beam collimation. A process called channeling is when accelerated particle beams are trapped by the nuclear potentials in the atomic planes within a crystal lattice. If the crystal is bent then the particles can follow the bending angle of the crystal. There are several different effects that are observed when particles travel through a bent crystal including dechanneling, volume capture, volume reflection and channeling. With a crystal placed at the edge of a particle beam, part of the fringe of the beam can be deflected away towards a detector or beam dump, thus helping collimate the beam. There is currently FORTRAN code by Igor Yazynin that has been used to model the passage of particles through a bent crystal. Using this code, the effects mentioned were explored for beam energy that would be seen at the Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests (FACET) at a range of crystal orientations with respect to the incoming beam. After propagating 5 meters in vacuum space past the crystal the channeled particles were observed to separate from most of the beam with some noise due to dechanneled particles. Progressively smaller bending radii, with corresponding shorter crystal lengths, were compared and it was seen that multiple scattering decreases with the length of the crystal therefore allowing for cleaner detection of the channeled particles. The input beam was then modified and only a portion of the beam sent through the crystal. With the majority of the beam not affected by the crystal, most particles were not deflected and after propagation the channeled particles were seen to be deflected approximately 5mm. After a portion of the beam travels through the crystal, the entire beam was then sent through a quadrupole magnet, which increased the separation of the channeled particles from the remainder of the beam to a distance of around 20mm. A different code, which was developed at SLAC, was used to create an angular profile plot which was compared to what was produced by Yazynin's code for a beam with no multiple scattering. The results were comparable, with volume reflection and channeling effects observed and the range of crystal orientations at which volume reflection is seen was about 1 mrad in both simulations.

Mack, Stephanie; /Ottawa U. /SLAC

2012-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

103

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA) AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION (ASA) MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY STATISTICS WITH THE ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION (EIA) Washington, D.C. Friday, April 29, 2005 COMMITTEE MEMBERS: NICOLAS HENGARTNER, Chair Los Alamos National Laboratory MARK BERNSTEIN RAND Corporation CUTLER CLEVELAND Center for Energy and Environmental Studies JAE EDMONDS Pacific Northwest National Laboratory MOSHE FEDER Research Triangle Institute BARBARA FORSYTH Westat WALTER HILL St. Mary's College of Maryland NEHA KHANNA Binghamton University NAGARAJ K. NEERCHAL University of Maryland Baltimore County SUSAN M. SEREIKA University of Pittsburgh DARIUS SINGPURWALLA LECG RANDY R. SITTER Simon Fraser University ALSO PRESENT: MARGOT ANDERSON Energy Information Administration ALSO PRESENT (CONT'D):

104

Central American electrical interconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technical cooperation grant of $2.25 million, designed to strengthen the capacity of Central American countries to operate their regional interconnected electrical system, was announced by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). The grant, extended from the banks Fund for Special Operations, will help improve the capacity of the regions electric power companies to achieve economical, safe operation of the interconnected electric power systems. The funds will also be used to finance regional studies of the accords, procedures, regulations, and supervisory mechanisms for the system, as well as program development and data bases.

Not Available

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION AMERICAN STATISTICAL ASSOCIATION + + + + + COMMITTEE ON ENERGY STATISTICS + + + + + FALL MEETING + + + + + FRIDAY OCTOBER 17, 2003 + + + + + The Committee met in Room 8E089 in the Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C., at 8:30 a.m., Jay Breidt, Chair, presiding. PRESENT F. JAY BREIDT Chair NICOLAS HENGARTNER Vice Chair JOHNNY BLAIR Committee Member MARK BURTON Committee Member JAE EDMONDS Committee Member MOSHE FEDER Committee Member JAMES K. HAMMITT Committee Member NEHA KHANA Committee Member NAGARAJ K. NEERCHAL Committee Member

106

THE CRYSTAL CLOCK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...crystal are connected between the grid and filament of the oscillator tube, a grid leak being connected across the crystal to provide the proper grid bias. A parallel resonant circuit...cycles, and a mercury damped flywheel used to reduce hunting. As...

W. A. Marrison

1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Roughening transition and helium crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crystal shapes or crystal growth mechanisms depend drastically on whether the crystal surface is smooth or rough, i.e. whether the temperature is lower or higher than its roughening temperature. Helium appeared r...

S. Balibar; F. Gallet; E. Rolley; P. E. Wolf

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Pilot scale study on steam explosion and mass balance for higher sugar recovery from rice straw  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pretreatment of rice straw on pilot scale steam explosion has been attempted to achieve maximum sugar recovery. Three different reaction media viz. water, sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid (0.5%, w/w) were explored for pretreatment by varying operating temperature (160, 180 and 200C) and reaction time (5 and 10min). Using water and 0.5% SA showed almost similar sugar recovery (?87%) at 200 and 180C respectively. However, detailed studies showed that the former caused higher production of oligomeric sugars (13.56g/L) than the later (3.34g/L). Monomeric sugar, followed the reverse trend (7.83 and 11.62g/L respectively). Higher oligomers have a pronounced effect in reducing enzymatic sugar yield as observed in case of water. Mass balance studies for water and SA assisted SE gave total saccharification yield as 81.8% and 77.1% respectively. However, techno-economical viability will have a trade-off between these advantages and disadvantages offered by the pretreatment medium.

Sandeep Sharma; Ravindra Kumar; Ruchi Gaur; Ruchi Agrawal; Ravi P. Gupta; Deepak K. Tuli; Biswapriya Das

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Value addition to lignocellulosics and biomass-derived sugars: An insight into solid acid-based catalytic methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For the synthesis of important platform chemicals such as sugars (xylose and arabinose) and furans (furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)) from carbohydrates (hemicellulose and fructose) ... (SAPO) catalysts...

PRASENJIT BHAUMIK; A K DEEPA; TANUSHREE KANE

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The First Americans  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Americans Americans Nature Bulletin No. 360-A November 29, 1969 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE FIRST AMERICANS When the Norsemen and then Columbus "discovered" America they found people here -- people with bronze skins and straight black hair. Because he thought he had sailed across the world and found a sea passage to India. Columbus called these people "Indios". He was wrong but we still call them Indians. It is now generally accepted by scientists that the first humans arrived on this American continent some thirty or forty thousand years ago. It is believed that they came from Asia, across what we call Bering Strait. The distance from the islands at the westernmost tip of Alaska to the easternmost tip of Siberia is only 59 miles. In clear weather you can see from land to land. In ancient times there may have been a bridge of solid ice between the two shores, or there might have been an actual land connection between the two continents. But even if there were a 5-mile gap of water it could have been crossed in primitive canoes by hungry people hunting for game. Hunger has been the mainspring of civilization.

111

Association of American Geographers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE thirtieth annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers was held on December 2628, at North-western University, Evanston, Illinois. In the three day session fifty ... six in urban geography. The remainder represented a diversity of subjects. The afternoon of December 26 was devoted to the general subject of Conventionalizing Geographic Investigation and Presentation. The ...

1934-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

112

Computational analysis of crystallization trials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A system for the automatic classification of images from crystallization trials for use in conjunction with a high-throughput robotic crystallization platform is described.

Spraggon, G.

2002-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

113

How Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel How Sweet It Is: Agrivida's Next-Gen Sugar Biofuel December 8, 2011 - 3:03pm Addthis Agrivida's President and co-founder Mike Raab. His company is using ARPA-E funding to develop a new method for converting plant biomass into useful feedstock for the production of biofuels. | Photo courtesy of ARPA-E. Agrivida's President and co-founder Mike Raab. His company is using ARPA-E funding to develop a new method for converting plant biomass into useful feedstock for the production of biofuels. | Photo courtesy of ARPA-E. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Innovative projects sponsored by ARPA-E are changing the way we produce and use energy.

114

Energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emission reduction potentials in sugar production processes in Thailand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sugarcane is one of the most promising sources of green energy for a major sugar producing country like Thailand. Any efforts to improve energy efficiency in sugar industry would result for green energy production and more avoided GHG emissions. This paper assesses the potentials for energy saving and GHG emission reduction in sugar production in Thailand. It is found that there is a wide gap between the most efficient mills and the less efficient ones among the countrys 47mills, with specific steam consumption ranging from 400 to 646kg steam/ton cane. Thus significant potential exists for energy saving and GHG emission reduction in many mills, using some of the 17 commonly common technologies/measures identified. For the nine mills studied, which could have resulted in a combined saving savings of 2332% of the total mill energy consumption, further savings of 514% could be achieved.

Sumate Sathitbun-anan; Bundit Fungtammasan; Mirko Barz; Boonrod Sajjakulnukit; Suthum Pathumsawad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Organic solvent-free water-developable sugar resist material derived from biomass in green lithography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We have demonstrated an organic solvent-free water-developable branched sugar resist material derived from biomass for its use in green electron beam lithography. This emphasizes the use of plant products instead of conventionally used tetramethylammonium hydroxide and organic solvents. The rationally designed water-developable branched sugar resist material developed in this study can be patterned with an excellent sensitivity of 7?C/cm2 and a resolution of 50200nm lines. In addition, it indicated sufficient thermal stability at ?180C, acceptable CF4 etch selectivity with a hardmask material, 4253% rate of chemical reaction of acryloyl groups affected by the tacticity of branched sugar chain polymers, and developable in pure water at 23C for 60s.

Satoshi Takei; Akihiro Oshima; Takumi Ichikawa; Atsushi Sekiguchi; Miki Kashiwakura; Takahiro Kozawa; Seiichi Tagawa; Tomoko G. Oyama; Syoji Ito; Hiroshi Miyasaka

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Raman scattering in crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tutorial presentation is given of Raman scattering in crystals. The physical concepts are emphasized rather than the detailed mathematical formalism. Starting with an introduction to the concepts of phonons and conservation laws, the effects of photon-phonon interactions are presented. This interaction concept is shown for a simple cubic crystal and is extended to a uniaxial crystal. The correlation table method is used for determining the number and symmetry of the Raman active modes. Finally, examples are given to illustrate the relative ease of using this group theoretical method and the predictions are compared with measured Raman spectra. 37 refs., 17 figs., 6 tabs.

Edwards, D.F.

1988-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

15 - Chemical production from lignocellulosic biomass: thermochemical, sugar and carboxylate platforms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Lignocellulose is abundant, inexpensive, and renewable. Further, it can replace fossil fuels as our primary source for chemicals and energy. To transition from fossil fuels to lignocellulose-based chemicals and fuels, an economically viable commercial biorefinery must be developed. This chapter reviews three major chemical platforms for a biorefinery. The thermochemical platform thermally degrades biomass into gaseous, liquid, and solid components. The sugar platform utilizes enzymes and/or chemicals to create sugars. The carboxylate platform ferments biomass into carboxylic acids/salts. The intermediate products of these three platforms serve as a biocrude for the production of chemicals and fuels from lignocellulose.

A.D.Smith; M. Landoll; M. Falls; M.T. Holtzapple

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Process for whole cell saccharification of lignocelluloses to sugars using a dual bioreactor system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention describes a process for saccharification of lignocelluloses to sugars using whole microbial cells, which are enriched from cultures inoculated with paper mill waste water, wood processing waste and soil. A three-member bacterial consortium is selected as a potent microbial inocula and immobilized on inedible plant fibers for biomass saccharification. The present invention further relates the design of a dual bioreactor system, with various biocarriers for enzyme immobilization and repeated use. Sugars are continuously removed eliminating end-product inhibition and consumption by cell.

Lu, Jue (Okemos, MI); Okeke, Benedict (Montgomery, AL)

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

119

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, S.K.; Hames, B.R.; Myers, M.D.

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

120

Method of separating lignocellulosic material into lignin, cellulose and dissolved sugars  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for separating lignocellulosic material into (a) lignin, (b) cellulose, and (c) hemicellulose and dissolved sugars. Wood or herbaceous biomass is digested at elevated temperature in a single-phase mixture of alcohol, water and a water-immiscible organic solvent (e.g., a ketone). After digestion, the amount of water or organic solvent is adjusted so that there is phase separation. The lignin is present in the organic solvent, the cellulose is present in a solid pulp phase, and the aqueous phase includes hemicellulose and any dissolved sugars.

Black, Stuart K. (Denver, CO); Hames, Bonnie R. (Westminster, CO); Myers, Michele D. (Dacono, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Physical properties of BeAl{sub 6}O{sub 10} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single crystals of BeAl{sub 6}O{sub 10}, beryllium hexaaluminate, were grown by the Czochralski method. The optical, acousto-optical, elastic, and a number of thermo-mechanical properties of bulk crystals of BeAl{sub 6}O{sub 10} were investigated in comparison with crystal of BeAl{sub 2}O{sub 4}, chrysoberyl. It has been demonstrated that this material is the promising host for active media of tunable solid state lasers. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Pestryakov, E.V.; Petrov, V.V.; Zubrinov, I.I.; Semenov, V.I.; Trunov, V.I.; Kirpichnikov, A.V. [Department of Quantum Electronics, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russia)] [Department of Quantum Electronics, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, Novosibirsk 630090 (Russia); Alimpiev, A.I. [Design and Technological Institute of Monocrystals, Novosibirsk 630058 (Russia)] [Design and Technological Institute of Monocrystals, Novosibirsk 630058 (Russia)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Crystals and Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Crystals and Plants Crystals and Plants Name: Diab Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: What will the likely effects of crystallized filaments in plant cells be? I had noticed that moth balls (para dichlorbenzene) tends within a very short temperature range to transform from a solid to gas and back to solid in the form of crystal filaments. I been wondering about the likely effects of an experiment in which a plant is placed in a chamber saturated with the fumes of a substance that had the same transformation properties of its state but none of the toxic effects be on the plants and will such filaments form inside the cell and rearrange its DNA strands or kill it outright? Replies: The following might be helpful: http://biowww.clemson.edu/biolab/mitosis.html http://koning.ecsu.ctstateu.edu/Plant_Physiology/osmosis.html

123

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing August 16, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Saving Energy and Resources 1 of 4 Saving Energy and Resources Thanks to additive manufacturing technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was able to fabricate a robotic hand with less energy use and material waste. The novel, lightweight, low-cost fluid powered hand was selected for a 2012 R&D 100 award. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Partnering with Industry 2 of 4 Partnering with Industry The Energy Department's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory includes an array of state-of-the-art additive manufacturing capabilities, allowing researchers and industry to develop

124

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing Building an American Economy to Last: American Competiveness in Manufacturing August 16, 2012 - 9:20am Addthis Saving Energy and Resources 1 of 4 Saving Energy and Resources Thanks to additive manufacturing technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was able to fabricate a robotic hand with less energy use and material waste. The novel, lightweight, low-cost fluid powered hand was selected for a 2012 R&D 100 award. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Partnering with Industry 2 of 4 Partnering with Industry The Energy Department's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory includes an array of state-of-the-art additive manufacturing capabilities, allowing researchers and industry to develop

125

The American Elm  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Elm Elm Nature Bulletin No. 279-A October 21, 1967 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Richard B. Ogilvie, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation THE AMERICAN ELM For three centuries, the stately graceful American Elm -- "the tree that like a fountain rises" -- has been our favorite shade tree, and around it have grown some of our finest traditions. The early colonists found huge patriarchs, which reminded them of the magnificent English Elms, and they planted seedlings to shade their homes and village commons. Today, innumerable New England roadways are lined with giant elms, their great arching limbs forming canopies like a cathedral roof. When the pioneers moved westward, they found this tree everywhere in the bottomlands and on low fertile hills. NOW, throughout the Middle West -- even in prosaic prairie towns -- streets and public buildings are shaded and given character by beautiful elms.

126

NORTH AMERICAN WATER OFFICE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN WATER OFFICE NORTH AMERICAN WATER OFFICE P.O. Box 174 Lake Elmo, MN 55042 Phone: (612) 770-3861 Fax: (612) 770-3976 January 30, 1998 US Department of Energy Office of General Council GC-52 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington DC 20585 RE: Preparation of Report to Congress on Price-Anderson Act Dear Office of General Council: The Price Anderson Act should be eliminated. The Price Anderson Act assumes that the encouragement and growth of the commercial nuclear industry is in the public interest. It is not. Rational evaluation of the commercial nuclear industry forces the conclusion that the Price Anderson Act simply shields the commercial nuclear industry from costs that it would otherwise, in a fair market setting, be forced to internalize and pay. Price Anderson amounts to

127

AMERICAN HERITAGE OF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AMERICAN HERITAGE OF AMERICAN HERITAGE OF raven 10~ SUMMER 1995 $d.OU VOLUME 11/NU~IBH;R 1 i Y .rt: r "~ ~:rih a ~~ to Invent * Tf~e~'' ~ °of _._.. , _._~.__ ~y~,: ..~_, ec no o~ r HE TOM OMB FIFTY YEARS AGO THIS SUNI~fER, THE WORLD WAS changed forever when the first nuclear bomb ex- ploded above the New Mexico desert and then bombs were dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The moral, psychological, and geopolitical ramifications of this most powerful and revolution- ary of all technologies and its use have been matters of universal con- cern ever since. They will undoubtedly be the subject of particularly intense discussion this summer. Invention ~ Technology's contribution is a look at the anniversary from the magazine's unique perspective, examining the making of the

128

SINGLE CRYSTAL NEUTRON DIFFRACTION.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-crystal neutron diffraction measures the elastic Bragg reflection intensities from crystals of a material, the structure of which is the subject of investigation. A single crystal is placed in a beam of neutrons produced at a nuclear reactor or at a proton accelerator-based spallation source. Single-crystal diffraction measurements are commonly made at thermal neutron beam energies, which correspond to neutron wavelengths in the neighborhood of 1 Angstrom. For high-resolution studies requiring shorter wavelengths (ca. 0.3-0.8 Angstroms), a pulsed spallation source or a high-temperature moderator (a ''hot source'') at a reactor may be used. When complex structures with large unit-cell repeats are under investigation, as is the case in structural biology, a cryogenic-temperature moderator (a ''cold source'') may be employed to obtain longer neutron wavelengths (ca. 4-10 Angstroms). A single-crystal neutron diffraction analysis will determine the crystal structure of the material, typically including its unit cell and space group, the positions of the atomic nuclei and their mean-square displacements, and relevant site occupancies. Because the neutron possesses a magnetic moment, the magnetic structure of the material can be determined as well, from the magnetic contribution to the Bragg intensities. This latter aspect falls beyond the scope of the present unit; for information on magnetic scattering of neutrons see Unit 14.3. Instruments for single-crystal diffraction (single-crystal diffractometers or SCDs) are generally available at the major neutron scattering center facilities. Beam time on many of these instruments is available through a proposal mechanism. A listing of neutron SCD instruments and their corresponding facility contacts is included in an appendix accompanying this unit.

KOETZLE,T.F.

2001-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

129

Solar energy trapping with modulated silicon nanowire photonic crystals Guillaume Demsy and Sajeev John  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar energy trapping with modulated silicon nanowire photonic crystals Guillaume Demésy and Sajeev by the American Institute of Physics. Related Articles Solar power conversion efficiency in modulated silicon utilizing multiple carrier generation via singlet exciton fission Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153507 (2012) Light

John, Sajeev

130

The play of light in crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

And God said: 'Let there be light', and there was light. Genesis 1 3 When trapped in a crystal, light interacts with electrons, phonons (crystal lattice vibrations) and defects, generating many effects which are important not only for pure physics, by broadening our comprehension of nature, but also for practical applications. These include: photo-galvanic effects; discrete light scattering on lattice vibrations; laser radiation, first observed in ruby crystals; nonlinear effects resulting in generation of harmonics, so that under incidence of an intense coherent light beam onto a crystal it emits (or reflects) light of different wavelengths; transformation of the electron avalanche in semiconductors and semiconductor microstructures into the flow of coherent 'laser' light; and the capability of polarized light to magnetize electrons and nuclei in a crystal. This is far from being a complete list of the remarkable optical effects that scientists have observed and studied in crystals. Countless scientific papers and monographs have been devoted to these investigations, with quite a number of them leading to the award of Nobel Prizes. Here I'm going to speak very briefly, simplifying the problem as best I can, about a remarkable optical phenomenon in crystals: the generation by light of a quasiparticle called an 'exciton'. Why is it a 'quasiparticle', i.e. 'as if' a particle, and not a true particle? Because it exists in a crystal and not in vacuum and moves in a periodically changing field created by the atoms (ions) of the crystal lattice. In this respect, an electron in a crystal is also a quasiparticle. The idea of the exciton dawned upon Yakov Ilyich Frenkel, the well-known physicist of the Physico-Technical Institute (PhysTech), in 1931. Omitting the details that would require knowledge not only of quantum physics, but also of the history of its development, I'll say only that the Frenkel exciton is the excited state of the crystal, which is created, for instance, by light and which, arising in one of the crystal cells, spreads over the whole crystal, because the cells differ absolutely in no way from one another. Physicists call such a situation translation symmetry. Without going into the mechanism of the energy transfer from cell to cell, note only that the whole crystal, like a gigantic molecule, assumes in the excited exciton state. The word 'exciton' was coined by Frenkel himself, who had formed it from old Greek exito, meaning 'I excite'. Yakov Ilyich liked to give names to newly-discovered particles, and it was he who invented the name 'phonon' for the vibrational quantum of the crystal lattice. Few physicists know that the godfather of this term, forever established in physics, was Frenkel. When Frenkel reported his study on the exciton at PhysTech, one of his young colleagues couldn't help joking: 'Yasha, why didn't you name this particle in Russian---vozbudon'? (From the Russian vozbudit, meaning 'to excite'.) In contrast to the electron, which can also be excited by light in a crystal, the exciton is electrically neutral. Moving in the crystal it transfers energy, but not a charge. A neutral exciton is very much like an atom. But this 'atom' is generated by light within a crystal. The model of such a quasi-atom is particularly obvious in semiconductor crystals, where it can be conceived as an electron and a positively charged hole bound by Coulomb interaction. It is very much like the Dirac electron--positron pair, whose existence ensues from the well-known Dirac equation taking into account relativistic invariance---the same equation that has revealed to mankind the existence of antimatter. I think that it was under the influence of Dirac's ideas that the Englishman Mott and the American Wannier suggested an exciton model analogous to the positronium atom (an electron and a positron bound to each other by Coulomb interaction). It should be noted that both Mott and Wannier worked at Bristol University where Dirac had worked. Usually, the Wannier--Mott exciton is called hydrogen-like, bearing in mind its s

Boris Petrovitch Zakharchenya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

-APTKA E AMERICAN O  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

APTKA E AMERICAN O APTKA E AMERICAN O w ~%~'~ PUBCIC TRANSPORTATION fa ASSOCIATION 2001-006487 3/9 P 4:06 Wash March 7, 2001 Eal , The Honorable Spencer Abraham al Secretary iodadbpOa U.S. Department of Energy wr dL b, Forrestal Building 6dJS 1 * 1000 Independence Avenue, N.W. BaA roB Washington, DC 20585-1000 GWE KtsO mg Dear Mr. Secretary: hidcI ABd ramnU I Ssb 6idL fian I write on behalf of the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) to SWais express support for the development of a national energy policy. As President Bush Ei;. LtrW highlighted in his February 27 address to a joint session of Congress, regional energy e, &mw^, u* shortages have become serious concerns and have brought attention to this major issue GhaI facing our country. iBtdL Wd _r.nwabtis As the trade association representing the public transportation industry, we would

132

BachelorofArts NativeAmericanStudies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0 credit hours) with a grade point average of at least 2.00. Major Requirements (13 courses) _____ Native Indian Art History and Theory ___ Native American Studies 2350 - North American Indian Art Studio American Studies 2000 - Native American Philosophy ___ Native American Studies 2500 - Canadian Indian

Morris, Joy

133

Thermophilic and thermoacidophilic sugar transporter genes and enzymes from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and related organisms, methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences encoding polypeptides from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius are provided. Further provided are methods for transporting sugars across cell membranes using isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius.

Thompson, David N; Apel, William A; Thompson, Vicki S; Reed, David W; Lacey, Jeffrey A

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

134

Thermophilic and thermoacidophilic sugar transporter genes and enzymes from alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and related organisms, methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences encoding polypeptides from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius are provided. Further provided are methods for transporting sugars across cell membranes using isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius.

Thompson, David N. (Idaho Falls, ID); Apel, William A. (Jackson, WY); Thompson, Vicki S. (Idaho Falls, ID); Reed, David W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lacey, Jeffrey A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

UVA-visible photo-excitation of guanine radical cations produces sugar radicals in DNA and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UVA-visible photo-excitation of guanine radical cations produces sugar radicals in DNA and model, 2005; Revised and Accepted September 6, 2005 ABSTRACT This work presents evidence that photo- nucleosides and deoxyribonucleotides. In dsDNA at low temperatures, formation of C10 is observed from photo

Simons, Jack

136

A study of methods for the determination of sugars in cotton plant tissue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the same strength as the plant entreat. Sinew an sleotrio oone hsatex oen be depended cm to give a more oonstant heat, 1t is to be px"eferred to gas. Bl kg lgh 4 NIIO *1k Ct1 I tF 5 9. I 9 SS. lf sugar wsx'e in the solution the duplicates showed little...

Marek, Jerry William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

137

Deconstruction of Lignocellulose into Soluble Sugars by Native and Designer Cellulosomes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...processes. Sugar production rates must therefore be increased...cost-competitive with fossil fuels. MATERIALS AND METHODS...provided by Designer Energy (Rehovot, Israel...min as the elution flow rate). Arabinose, xylose...Pleurotus ostreatus Florida strain F6 (ATCC 58053...

Sarah Moras; Ely Morag; Yoav Barak; Dan Goldman; Yitzhak Hadar; Raphael Lamed; Yuval Shoham; David B. Wilson; Edward A. Bayer

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

An Analysis of the Wood Sugar Assay Using HPLC: A Comparison with Paper Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......and M. Desrochers. Simplified analysis of wood sugars. Tappi 65(7): 103-06 (1982). 3. J.F.. Saeman, W.E...of pulp constituents by quantitative paper chromatography. Tappi 37(8): 336-43 (1954). 4. W.J. Youden. Statistical......

Roger C. Pettersen; Virgil H. Schwandt; Marilyn J. Effland

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Thermophilic and thermoacidophilic sugar transporter genes and enzymes from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and related organisms, methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences encoding polypeptides from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius are provided. Further provided are methods for transporting sugars across cell membranes using isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius.

Thompson, David N.; Apel, William A.; Thompson, Vicki S.; Reed, David W.; Lacey, Jeffrey A.

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Thermophilic and thermoacidophilic sugar transporter genes and enzymes from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius and related organisms, methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences encoding polypeptides from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius are provided. Further provided are methods for transporting sugars across cell membranes using isolated and/or purified polypeptides and nucleic acid sequences from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius.

Thompson, David N.; Apel, William A.; Thompson, Vicki S.; Reed, David W.; Lacey, Jeffrey A.

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Young Americans | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Young Americans Young Americans Young Americans Competitions 2013 EcoCar2 Challenge Primary Ed DOE 2013 National Science Bowl Primary Ed DOE Challenge Home Student Design University EERE 2013 National Clean Energy Business Plan University EERE 2013 Solar Decathlon University EERE/DOE 2013 National Collegiate Wind University DOE Better Buildings University DOE Energy Challenge University DOE Georgetown University Energy Prize University Georgetown Univ. P3: People, Prosperitym and the Planet University EPA National Clean Energy Business Plan University DOE National Geothermal Student University ORISE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Competitions University NREL H2U Student Contest University HEF American Solar Challenge University ASC

142

New American Home 2009 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This brochure details the New American Home 2009, which demonstrates the use of innovative building materials, cutting-edge design, and the latest construction techniques.

Not Available

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Central American resource studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Central American update  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

Hodgson, S.F.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Americans as Survivors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and Vietnam: both are seen as unwinnable counterinsurgencies with unclear goals carried out in alien, hostile environments against enemies who are invisible and highly dangerous. A small but growing group of veterans of Iraq who embrace these alternative meanings have modeled themselves on the antiwar... Physicians have always been concerned with how people survive trauma, writes Dr. Robert Jay Lifton. Less noted has been the experience of Americans as survivors of violent collective trauma. However, responses can be both painful and a potential source of ...

Lifton R.J.

2005-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

146

American Electric Vehicles Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: American Electric Vehicles Inc Place: Palmer Lake, Colorado Zip: 80133 Sector: Vehicles Product: American Electric Vehicles (AEV) builds high...

147

American Battery Charging Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Battery Charging Inc Place: Smithfield, Rhode Island Zip: 2917 Product: Manufacturer of industrial and railroad battery chargers. References: American Battery Charging...

148

American Way Solar AWS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name: American Way Solar (AWS) Place: Plzen, Czech Republic Sector: Solar Product: Czech subsidiary of US PV panel manufacturer, American Way Solar (AWS)....

149

MagLab Audio Dictionary: Crystals  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What are Crystals? Now Playing: What are Crystals? Enable Javascript and Flash to stream the Magnet Minute Chris Wiebe Associated Links Quantum Materials Group New Crystal Growth...

150

Demazure Crystals, Kirillov-Reshetikhin Crystals, and the Energy Function  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has previously been shown that, at least for non-exceptional Kac-Moody Lie algebras, there is a close connection between Demazure crystals and tensor products of Kirillov-Reshetikhin crystals. In particular, certain ...

Schilling, Anne

151

Crystallization of Congo Red  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... It has been confirmed that the potassium salt of Congo Red will crystallize as needles from various ethyl alcohol-water mixtures, but only with ... observation during a trial of various salting-out procedures, however, the potassium salt of Congo Red has been found to be precipitated in crystalline form by salting out with potassium ...

PETER MITCHELL

1950-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

152

Crystals of Platinum and Palladium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... will be found partially fused. The ribbon upon which crystals have been formed presents a roughened appearance.

J. JOLY

1891-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

153

Photonic crystal heterostructures and interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photonic crystal heterostructures, like their semiconductor quantum electronic counterparts, generate complex function from simple, well-understood building blocks. They have led to compact photonic crystal-based waveguides and record-quality-factor resonant cavities. Here the progress on the experimental realization of photonic crystal heterostructure devices, and on the development of convenient, intuitive, and computationally efficient models of devices that unite multiple finite-sized photonic crystal media to engineer photon localization and guidance is summarized.

Emanuel Istrate and Edward H. Sargent

2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

154

"American manufacturers are a cornerstone of the American economy and embody the best in American values. They enhance U.S. competitiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"American manufacturers are a cornerstone of the American economy and embody the best in American...................................................................... 27 Phase Four: Testing and Refinement ........................................................ 27

155

Ultraslow growth rates of giant gypsum crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in mineral...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in...geological timescale. age anhydrite Chihuahua Mexico cooling crystal growth crystallization...

A. E. S. Van Driessche; J. M. Garca-Ruz; K. Tsukamoto; L. D. Patio-Lopez; H. Satoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Quantum ferroelectrics of mixed crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The inverse dielectric susceptibility for quantum ferroelectrics in mixed crystals is computed. As in the perfect crystals we find a logarithmic correction to the quantum mean-field theory. For mixed crystals the correction increases faster in the vicinity of the critical point.

D. Schmeltzer

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Hybridization of sugar alcohols into brucite interlayers via a melt intercalation process  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the preparation of organic-brucite (BR) hybrids using harmless sugar alcohols (xylitol, XYL, and sorbitol, SOR). Since XYL and SOR are solid materials at room temperature, the hybridization was investigated by comparing two separate methods, hydrothermal treatment and melt mixing. BR-sugar alcohol hybrids were successfully prepared by a melt intercalation method at 175C. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses indicated that organic molecules were intercalated into the brucite layers, overcoming the barrier of hydroxyl bonds between the BR layers. Moreover, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and thermal analyses showed that the intercalated materials at 175C resulted in the formation of covalent MgOC bond linkages on the interlayer surface of BR.

Kazuya Morimoto; Kenji Tamura; Tamao Hatta; Seiko Nemoto; Takuya Echigo; Jinhua Ye; Hirohisa Yamada

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Expanding the Nucleotide and Sugar 1-Phosphate Promiscuity of Nucleotidyltransferase RmlA via Directed Evolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Directed evolution is a valuable technique to improve enzyme activity in the absence of a priori structural knowledge, which can be typically enhanced via structure-guided strategies. In this study, a combination of both whole-gene error-prone polymerase chain reaction and site-saturation mutagenesis enabled the rapid identification of mutations that improved RmlA activity toward non-native substrates. These mutations have been shown to improve activities over 10-fold for several targeted substrates, including non-native pyrimidine- and purine-based NTPs as well as non-native d- and l-sugars (both a- and b-isomers). This study highlights the first broadly applicable high throughput sugar-1-phosphate nucleotidyltransferase screen and the first proof of concept for the directed evolution of this enzyme class toward the identification of uniquely permissive RmlA variants.

Moretti, Rocco; Chang, Aram; Peltier-Pain, Pauline; Bingman, Craig A.; Phillips, Jr., George N.; Thorson, Jon S. (UW)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

159

Silicon crystal growing by oscillating crucible technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for growing silicon crystals from a molten melt comprising oscillating the container during crystal growth is disclosed.

Schwuttke, G.H.; Kim, K.M.; Smetana, P.

1983-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

160

Neutral Sugar Contents of Corn Gluten Meal and Corn Gluten Feed  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Neutral Sugar Contents of Corn Gluten Meal and Corn Gluten Feed ... Corn gluten meal and corn gluten feed were supplied by Pekin Energy Company (Pekin, IL). ... It is not practical to determine the neutral carbohydrate composition of corn gluten feed that contains a changing percentage of defatted corn germ, so we used corn gluten feed that does not contain defatted corn germ from Pekin Energy. ...

Y. Victor Wu

1996-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Bagasse-fired steam boiler station for Kenana Sugar in Sudan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The equipment and operation of the bagasse fired steam boiler station of the Kenana Sugar factory in Sudan are described. The station consists of six bagasse-fired, steam boilers with individual capacities of 113 tonnes per hour which provide steam for a 40 MN power station. During the off-season it serves as a regional power station which also operates irrigation facilities to the cane fields. The bagasse handling and feeding system is also described.

Not Available

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

BachelorofArts NativeAmericanStudies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.0 credit hours) with a grade point average of at least 2.00. Major Requirements (13 courses) _____ Native - North American Indian Art History and Theory _____ Native American Studies 2350 - North American Indian Indian History _____ Native American Studies 2550 - U.S. Indian History One of (Law and Politics

Seldin, Jonathan P.

163

Experimental investigation of the melting transition of the plasma crystal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements of the melting transition of a Coulomb crystal consisting of dust particles immersed in an rf parallel plate discharge in helium were performed. The dust crystal is shown to be solid at higher gas pressure (120 Pa) and low discharge power (1020 W). Reducing the gas pressure or increasing the discharge power leads to fluid states of the dust ensemble. Even gaslike states are observed at low pressures of about 40 Pa. The transition is attributed to an increasing effective particle temperature. The phase transition is compared with one-component-plasma and Yukawa models, and with basic predictions of theories for two-dimensional melting. 1996 The American Physical Society.

A. Melzer; A. Homann; A. Piel

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

E-Print Network 3.0 - american ophthalmolgical society Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of Graphic Arts American Psychological Association American Research Center in Egypt American Society... of Mammalogists American Society of Media Photographers American...

165

E-Print Network 3.0 - association american society Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: of Graphic Arts American Psychological Association American Research Center in Egypt American Society... of Mammalogists American Society of Media Photographers American...

166

E-Print Network 3.0 - african-american men major Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search. American Indian Asian Asian American Black African American Chicano Latino Hispanic White... to interview. American Indian Asian Asian American Black African...

167

American Association Meeting at Boston  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science was held at Boston on December 2630. Several of the addresses delivered by presidents of sections have appeared in recent ...

1923-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Geothermal energy for American Samoa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The geothermal commercialization potential in American Samoa was investigated. With geothermal energy harnessed in American Samoa, a myriad of possibilities would arise. Existing residential and business consumers would benefit from reduced electricity costs. The tuna canneries, demanding about 76% of the island's process heat requirements, may be able to use process heat from a geothermal source. Potential new industries include health spas, aquaculture, wood products, large domestic and transhipment refrigerated warehouses, electric cars, ocean nodule processing, and a hydrogen economy. There are no territorial statutory laws of American Samoa claiming or reserving any special rights (including mineral rights) to the territorial government, or other interests adverse to a land owner, for subsurface content of real property. Technically, an investigation has revealed that American Samoa does possess a geological environment conducive to geothermal energy development. Further studies and test holes are warranted.

Not Available

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

American Association of Petroleum Geologists  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hyatt Regency, Crystal City Arlington, Virginia ON THE EDGE OF A NEW ENERGY FRONTIER #12;MEETING HOSTS .....................................................................................................26-54 Registration Booth Hours: The Registration Booth is located in the foyer on the Independence Level of the Hyatt Regency -Crystal City (our host hotel). Sunday, September 25, 11:30 am ­ 7:30 pm

Kaufman, Alan Jay

170

The Ethics of American Realism: 1860-1910  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE The Ethics of American Realism: 1860-OF THE DISSERTATION The Ethics of American Realism: 1860-offered. This project, The Ethics of American Realism: 1860-

Weeks Stogner, Elissa

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

EA-200 American Electric Power Service Corporation | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Electric Power Service Corporation EA-200 American Electric Power Service Corporation Order authorizing American Electric Power Service Corporation to export electric...

172

Y-12 receives American Heart Association award | Y-12 National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American ... Y-12 receives American Heart Association award Posted: November 22, 2012 - 9:00am Kathy Jetton, senior regional director of the American Heart Association, presents...

173

32 - Fundamentals of Industrial Crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Industrial crystallization processes aim at the large-scale production of crystalline products through the formation of involving a suspension of growing particles in a solution. The product quality is defined by the kind of crystalline phase produced, the crystal size distribution, the crystal morphology, and the product purity. These product quality aspects are determined by the subprocesses of crystallization of which crystal nucleation and growth are usually of main importance. The driving force for these subprocesses is usually established either by evaporating solvent to increase the concentration or cooling the solution to decrease the solubility. The recent pharmaceutical research interest in continuous crystallization processes is fortified by claims of improved product quality, efficient use of materials and energy resources, and waste stream reductions.

Joop H. ter Horst; Christiane Schmidt; Joachim Ulrich

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Florida Nuclear Profile - Crystal River  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Crystal River1" "Unit","Summer capacity (mw)","Net generation (thousand mwh)","Summer capacity factor (percent)","Type","Commercial operation date","License expiration date"...

175

Aperiodic crystals and superspace concepts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aperiodic crystals may conveniently be described in a higher dimensional `superspace'. An overview of the method and applications to various families is given.

Janssen, T.

2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

Invisible defects in complex crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that invisible localized defects, i.e. defects that can not be detected by an outside observer, can be realized in a crystal with an engineered imaginary potential at the defect site. The invisible defects are synthesized by means of supersymmetric (Darboux) transformations of an ordinary crystal using band-edge wave functions to construct the superpotential. The complex crystal has an entire real-valued energy spectrum and Bragg scattering is not influenced by the defects. An example of complex crystal synthesis is presented for the Mathieu potential.

S. Longhi; G. Della Valle

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

177

Challenges of and Insights into Acid-Catalyzed Transformations of Sugars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stavros Caratzoulas received his Ph.D. in Chemical Physics in 1993 from Columbia University and is currently the Associate Director of Computational Chemistry at CCEI. ... Our focus is on the hydrolytic breakdown of lignocellulose into its building blocks and the subsequent upgrade of the sugars into intermediate versatile platforms, such as furfural and HMF, which can be converted to fuels and chemicals. ... Wang, T.; Nolte, M. W.; Shanks, B. H.Catalytic Dehydration of C6 Carbohydrates for the Production of Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) as a Versatile Platform Chemical Green Chem. ...

Stavros Caratzoulas; Mark E. Davis; Raymond J. Gorte; Rajamani Gounder; Raul F. Lobo; Vladimiros Nikolakis; Stanley I. Sandler; Mark A. Snyder; Michael Tsapatsis; Dionisios G. Vlachos

2014-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

178

An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

BY SILICON CRYSTALS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

c October 29, 1942 a 1 1 _MIGH aECTgFXCATIOH - BY SILICON CRYSTALS . . c .. I n. The excellent pesformmce of Brftieh "red dot" c r y s t a l s f e explained R R due t o the kgife edge contact i n a t A polfehod ~ X ' f l i C B o H i g h frequency m c t l f f c n t f o n 8ependre c r i t i c a l l y on the ape%e;y of the rectifytnc boundary layer o f the crystal, C, For hl#$ comvere~on e f f i c i e n c y , the product c d t h i ~ capacity m a o f ' t h e @forward" (bulk) re-. sistance Rb o f the crystnl must b@ sm%P, depende primarily on the breadth of tha b f f e edge i t s lbngth. The contact am &harefore ~ E L V Q a rather large area wMQh prevents burn-out, thh3 t h e breadth of &h@ knife edge should be bdt8~1 than E~$O$B% % f I - ' amo For a knife edge, this produet very 14ttle upom For a wavsIL~n+3tih of PO emo the eowp,o%a%8sne 4

180

Spontaneous polarization-vector-reorientation photorefractive effect in ferroelectric liquid crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photorefractive effect of a ferroelectric liquid crystal doped with a photoconductive compound was investigated. The photorefractive effect appeared only at the temperature at which the sample exhibits ferroelectricity. The refractive index grating formation time was measured to be {similar_to}30ms. In the ferroelectric phase, reorientation of the spontaneous polarization vector was found to be induced by the internal space-charge field. {copyright} 2001 American Institute of Physics.

Sasaki, Takeo; Kino, Yuji; Shibata, Minoru; Mizusaki, Naoko; Katsuragi, Atsushi; Ishikawa, Yuichi; Yoshimi, Takeshi

2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Sandia National Laboratories: American Chemical SocietyInternational...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials LaboratoryAmerican Chemical Society International-Domestic Student Summit American Chemical Society International-Domestic Student Summit...

182

Fuel Cell Manufacturing: American Energy and Manufacturing Competitive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel Cell Manufacturing: American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit Fuel Cell Manufacturing: American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit Presentation on...

183

American Photovoltaics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Photovoltaics American Photovoltaics Name American Photovoltaics Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Solar Product Will manufacture thin-film solar modules Website http://apv-us.com/ Coordinates 29.752554°, -95.3704009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.752554,"lon":-95.3704009,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heart Healthy Home Cooking African American Style With Every Heartbeat Is Life #12;#12;Heart Recipe Substitutions for Heart Healthy Cooking at the heart of African American family life and special celebrations. This recipe book brings together many

Bandettini, Peter A.

185

American Range: Order (2014-CE-23006)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered American Range Corporation to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

186

American Valve: Order (2010-CW-1411)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered American Valve, Inc. to pay a $5,000 civil penalty after finding American Valve had failed to certify that certain showerhead models comply with the applicable water conservation standards.

187

Sugar-mediated semidian oscillation of gene expression in the cassava storage root regulates starch synthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Starch branching enzyme (SBE) activity in the cassava storage root exhibited a diurnal fluctuation, dictated by a transcriptional oscillation of the corresponding SBE genes. The peak of SBE activity coincided with the onset of sucrose accumulation in the storage, and we conclude that the oscillatory mechanism keeps the starch synthetic apparatus in the storage root sink in tune with the flux of sucrose from the photosynthetic source. When storage roots were uncoupled from the source, SBE expression could be effectively induced by exogenous sucrose. Turanose, a sucrose isomer that cannot be metabolized by plants, mimicked the effect of sucrose, demonstrating that downstream metabolism of sucrose was not necessary for signal transmission. Also glucose and glucose-1-P induced SBE expression. Interestingly, induction by sucrose, turanose and glucose but not glucose-1-P sustained an overt semidian (12-h) oscillation in SBE expression and was sensitive to the hexokinase (HXK) inhibitor glucosamine. These results suggest a pivotal regulatory role for HXK during starch synthesis. Abscisic acid (ABA) was another potent inducer of SBE expression. Induction by ABA was similar to that of glucose-1-P in that it bypassed the semidian oscillator. Both the sugar and ABA signaling cascades were disrupted by okadaic acid, a protein phosphatase inhibitor. Based on these findings, we propose a model for sugar signaling in regulation of starch synthesis in the cassava storage root.

Jansson, Christer; Baguma, Yona; Sun, Chuanxin; Boren, Mats; Olsson, Helena; Rosenqvist, Sara; Mutisya, Joel; Rubaihayo, Patrick R.; Jansson, Christer

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Facilities From October, 2008 Honda: North American Manufacturing Facilities More Documents & Publications Johnson Controls: EISA Presentation MEMA: Comments AZ Automotive...

189

Ultraslow growth rates of giant gypsum crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject in mineral...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject...gypsum crystals of Naica ore mines in Chihuahua, Mexico, a challenging subject...

A. E. S. Van Driessche; J. M. Garca-Ruz; K. Tsukamoto; L. D. Patio-Lopez; H. Satoh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Effects of Nitrogen and Sulfur Fertilization on Free Amino Acids, Sugars, and Acrylamide-Forming Potential in Potato  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, 13 varieties of potato were grown in a field trial in 2010 and treated with different combinations of N and S. Potatoes were analyzed immediately after harvest to show the effect of N and S fertilization on concentrations of free asparagine, other free amino acids, sugars, and acrylamide-forming potential. ... (4-7) With respect to potato, De Wilde et al. showed that concentrations of sugars in tubers rose in response to N deprivation by up to 100% compared with adequately fertilized potatoes,(8) and Kumar et al. similarly reported that plants adequately fertilized with N had lower reducing sugar concentration at harvest. ... To examine how sulfur deprivation may affect acrylamide formation in cooked potatoes, three varieties of potato were grown under conditions of either severe sulfur deprivation or an adequate supply of sulfur. ...

Nira Muttucumaru; Stephen J. Powers; J. Stephen Elmore; Donald S. Mottram; Nigel G. Halford

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

American Studies Graduate Program Advisor Form  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Studies Graduate Program Advisor Form Thank you for your interest in the American Studies must first secure an advisor in order to be considered for admission. The first-year advisor can, American Studies is not in a position to assign faculty to serve as advisors. It is, therefore

Dyer, Bill

192

Laser Crystallization of Phase Change Material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geoffrey Campbell is the Principal Investigator for Laser Crystallization of Phase Change Material LLNL BES Programs Highlight Laser Crystallization of Phase Change Material False...

193

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD MEASUREMENT MICROPHONES --  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of America 120 Wall Street, 32nd Floor New York, New York 10005-3993 ANSI S1.15-1997/Part 1 ANSIS1/15/11, 08:47:38 Reaffirmed by ANSI July 10, 2001 Reaffirmed by ANSI March 21, 2006 Reaffirmed by ANSI April 8, 2011 #12;The American National Standards Institute, Inc. (ANSI) is the na- tional coordinator

Allen, Jont

194

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Information Summary of the Transmission Reliability program's North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) activity area. NASPI supports industry adoption of next-generation monitoring equipment to increase reliability and reduce costs for consumers through the development of secure, highspeed, time-synchronized data about bulk power system conditions. North American Synchrophasor Initiative (NASPI) Program Factsheet.pdf More Documents & Publications Synchrophasor Technologies and their Deployment in the Recovery Act Smart Grid Programs (August 2013) 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations

195

PHOTOCATALYTIC AND PHOTOELECTROCHEMICAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION ON STRONTIUM TITANATE SINGLE CRYSTALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYDROGEN PRODUCTION ON STRONTIUM TITANATE SINGLE CRYSTALS F.HYDROGEN PRODUCTION ON STRONTIUM TITANATE SINGLE CRYSTALS

Wagner, F.T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol in Picardy region, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol.bessou@cirad.fr Key words: Biofuel, Ethanol, Sugar Beet, Local LCA, Greenhouse Gases, Agricultural Practices, Process inventory data. Here, we suggest that the best option to maximize the accuracy of biofuel LCA is to produce

197

Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol in Picardy region, France  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Using a Crop Model to Account for the Effects of Local Factors on the LCA of Sugar Beet Ethanol.bessou@cirad.fr Key words: Biofuel, Ethanol, Sugar Beet, Local LCA, Greenhouse Gases, Agricultural Practices, Process. Here, we suggest that the best option to maximize the accuracy of biofuel LCA is to produce local

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

IDENTIFYING SUGARS P.Du, A.Glazyrina, O.Gutirrez-Navarro, A.Howse, A.Moorthy, I.Vukievi, Mentor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IDENTIFYING SUGARS By P.Du, A.Glazyrina, O.Gutiérrez-Navarro, A.Howse, A.Moorthy, I.Vukievi, Mentor-624-6066 Fax: 612-626-7370 URL: http://www.ima.umn.edu #12;Team 4: Identifying Sugars P.Du , A.Glazyrina , O.Gutiérrez-Navarro

199

X-Ray Crystallography What do you need? A crystal. But not just any crystal a well ordered crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-Ray Crystallography What do you need? A crystal. But not just any crystal­ a well ordered crystal that will diffract x-rays strongly. A crystal handedness. This reduces number to 6- 12. #12;#12;Generally X-ray beam

Cavanagh, John

200

Rapid determination of sugar content in biomass hydrolysates using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Biofuels and Environmental Biotechnology Biotechnology and Bioengineering Biofuels and Environmental Biotechnology Biotechnology and Bioengineering DOI 10.1002/bit.24741 Rapid determination of sugar content in biomass hydrolysates using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy † Erica Gjersing*, Renee M. Happs, Robert W. Sykes, Crissa Doeppke, and Mark F. Davis National Bioenergy Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 1617 Cole Blvd., Golden, CO 80401 *Address correspondence to: Erica.Gjersing@nrel.gov; phone: 303-384-7984; fax: 303-384- 6363 Key Words: hydrolysate, Partial Least Squares, 1H NMR, PLS regression † This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process, which may lead to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Heat transport through ion crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermodynamical properties of crystals of trapped ions which are laser cooled to two different temperatures in two separate regions. We show that these properties strongly depend on the structure of the ion crystal. Such structure can be changed by varying the trap parameters and undergoes a series of phase transitions from linear to zig-zag or helicoidal configurations. Thus, we show that these systems are ideal candidates to observe and control the transition from anomalous to normal heat transport. All structures behave as `heat superconductors', with a thermal conductivity increasing linearly with system size and a vanishing thermal gradient inside the system. However, zig-zag and helicoidal crystals turn out to be hyper sensitive to disorder having a linear temperature profile and a length independent conductivity. Interestingly, disordered 2D ion crystals are heat insulators. Sensitivity to disorder is much smaller in the 1D case.

Nahuel Freitas; Esteban Martinez; Juan Pablo Paz

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

202

Crystal-Like geometric modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

faces, symmetry, and fractal geometry. The techniques have also been implemented in software, as a proof of concept. They are used in an interactive geometric modeling system, in which users can use these techniques to create crystal-like shapes...

Landreneau, Eric Benjamin

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

203

Albany, OR Anchorage, AK Morgantown, WV Pittsburgh, PA Sugar Land, TX Website: www.netl.doe.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Albany, OR · Anchorage, AK · Morgantown, WV · Pittsburgh, PA · Sugar Land, TX Website: www.netl-285-5437 briggs.white@netl.doe.gov Neil Nofziger Principal Investigator seM-coM company, Inc. 1040 North Westwood 304-285-4717 daniel.driscoll@netl.doe.gov PARTNERS University of Toledo Ceramatec, Inc. PROJECT

Azad, Abdul-Majeed

204

Comparative data on effects of leading pretreatments and enzyme loadings and formulations on sugar yields from different switchgrass sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water (LHW), soaking in aqueous ammonia (SAA), ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX), and lime pretreatments eased comparisons. All pretreatments enhanced sugar recovery from pretreatment and subsequent enzymatic production. The high world con- sumption of fossil energy also drives up accumulation of carbon dioxide

California at Riverside, University of

205

Sugars and Circadian Regulation Make Major Contributions to the Global Regulation of Diurnal Gene Expression in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene metabolism and sensing, specific...decrease after sugar addition (Price et al., 2004; see also below...glucose-responsive genes extracted from Price et al. (2004), the sucrose-responsive...synthesis. Planta 207, 27-41. Price, J., Laxmi, A., St Martin...

Oliver E. Bläsing; Yves Gibon; Manuela Günther; Melanie Höhne; Rosa Morcuende; Daniel Osuna; Oliver Thimm; Björn Usadel; Wolf-Rüdiger Scheible; Mark Stitt

2005-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

206

Crystal Growth of Oxide and Sulphide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......film. The hexagonal shaped crystal was often formed on a needle crystals. One of the electron diffraction...the diffraction patterns of bent crystals, the unit cell of this crystal...was often observed that the spherical particles like dew drops......

Hatsujiro HASHIMOTO

1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Graphene-based polaritonic crystal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that monolayer graphene deposited on a spatially periodic gate behaves as a polaritonic crystal. Its band structure depending on the applied gate voltage is studied. The scattering of electromagnetic radiation from such a crystal is presented calculated and its spectral dependence is analyzed in terms of Fano-type resonances between the reflected continuum and plasmon-polariton modes forming narrow bands.

Yu. V. Bludov; N. M. R. Peres; M. I. Vasilevskiy

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

208

The Effect of Cellulose Crystal Structure and Solid-State Morphology on the Activity of Cellulases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Consistent with the US-DOE and USDA Roadmap objective of producing ethanol and chemicals from cellulosic feedstocks more efficiently, a three year research project entitled The Effect of Cellulose Crystal Structure and Solid-State Morphology on the Activity of Cellulases was initiated in early 2003 under DOE sponsorship (Project Number DE-FG02-02ER15356). A three year continuation was awarded in June 2005 for the period September 15, 2005 through September 14, 2008. The original goal of this project was to determine the effect of cellulose crystal structure, including allomorphic crystalline form (Cellulose I, II, III, IV and sub-allomorphs), relative degree of crystallinity and crystallite size, on the activity of different types of genetically engineered cellulase enzymes to provide insight into the mechanism and kinetics of cellulose digestion by pure enzymes rather than complex mixtures. We expected that such information would ultimately help enhance the accessibility of cellulose to enzymatic conversion processes thereby creating a more cost-effective commercial process yielding sugars for fermentation into ethanol and other chemical products. Perhaps the most significant finding of the initial project phase was that conversion of native bacterial cellulose (Cellulose I; BC-I) to the Cellulose II (BC-II) crystal form by aqueous NaOH pretreatment provided an increase in cellulase conversion rate approaching 2-4 fold depending on enzyme concentration and temperature, even when initial % crystallinity values were similar for both allomorphs.

Stipanovic, Arthur J [SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

209

Neutron diffraction by perfect crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamical theory of neutron diffraction has been formulated to include the reflected waves from the boundaries of a crystal. This formulation allows a unified treatment of the neutron optical and diffraction phenomena in crystals. It is shown that the neutron propagation in the crystal is determined by two structure factors characterizing the lattice: the total structure factor and the structure factor of the neutron-spin-neutron-orbit interaction. Diffraction by a parallel crystal plate has been studied in considerable detail. It has been found that for a definite neutron-spin orientation, the diffracted and transmitted beams are modulated by six terms periodic in the thickness of the crystal. The period of the dominant term, in this Pendellsung fringe structure, has been calculated in several cases of experimental importance. If the glancing angle of incidence substantially exceeds the critical angle for total reflection, the results are identical with those obtained by a simple extension, to the neutron case, of the x-ray dynamical theory. The diffraction by a magnetized crystal has been examined in some detail and it is shown that measurement of the Pendellsung periods for the two neutron-spin orientations may be used to determine both the nuclear and magnetic neutron scattering amplitude.

C. Stassis and J. A. Oberteuffer

1974-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

American Physical Society Honors Decker  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

APS Lights the Way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel APS Lights the Way to 2012 Chemistry Nobel APS X-rays Reveal Picasso's Secret DCS and APS Sign MOU The APS and the 2012 Argonne Energy Showcase Argonne Acoustic Levitation Video Goes Viral APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed American Physical Society Honors Decker NOVEMBER 19, 2012 Bookmark and Share Glenn Decker Senior Scientist Glenn Decker (APS) has been named a fellow of the American Physical Society, an honor limited to no more than one-half of one percent of the society's membership of more than 50,000. Decker's fellowship recognizes his "outstanding contributions to the design, commissioning, and enhancement of synchrotron light sources, and for innovative developments in the field of particle beam diagnostics. In

211

Central American geologic map project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

Dengo, G.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The American Jobs Act | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The American Jobs Act The American Jobs Act The American Jobs Act September 9, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Auto industry workers retrain on wind installation in Elyria, Ohio | Energy Department Image | Photo by Quentin Kruger (Contractor) Auto industry workers retrain on wind installation in Elyria, Ohio | Energy Department Image | Photo by Quentin Kruger (Contractor) Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy Last night the President laid out the American Jobs Act, a specific, tangible, bi-partisan strategy for putting Americans back to work. This plan will cut taxes for small businesses and put more money into the pockets of hard working Americans, without adding a dime to the Federal deficit. As part of his jobs proposal, President Obama called on Congress to pass the bi-partisan Kerry-Hutchison BUILD Act, which would establish a national

213

American Alternative Energy Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternative Energy Systems Alternative Energy Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name American Alternative Energy Systems Place Denton, Texas Zip 76209 Product An American company involved in project development through the provision of technology and engineering. References American Alternative Energy Systems[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. American Alternative Energy Systems is a company located in Denton, Texas . References ↑ "American Alternative Energy Systems" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=American_Alternative_Energy_Systems&oldid=342107" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here

214

American Electric Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Technologies Inc Electric Technologies Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name American Electric Technologies Inc Place Houston, Texas Zip TX 77087 Sector Services Product American Electric Technologies (formerly M&I Electric Industries) is a global supplier of power delivery products and services to the traditional and alternative energy industries. References American Electric Technologies Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. American Electric Technologies Inc is a company located in Houston, Texas . References ↑ "American Electric Technologies Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=American_Electric_Technologies_Inc&oldid=342113"

215

American racism and African diplomats: race and American Cold War policy in West Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American society. The interconnectedness between Cold War ideology and civil rights increased during the 1960s. Cold War tensions escalated and the American government became increasingly concerned about the effect of racial strife on the country's image...

Oriabure, Stephannie Ebhota

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

The African-American house as a vehicle of discovery for an African-American architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The purpose of this research is three-fold: (1) This thesis seeks to uncover evidence of a distinctly African-American architectural form. The primary building type observed will be the house, or the housing of African-Americans ...

Clarke, Charles E. (Charles Edward)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Blood Sugar and Brothers' Voices: An Exploratory Study Of The Self-Care Management Experiences of African-American Men Living With Type 2 Diabetes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diabetes SCM were kept in the pool. Third, additional articles were identified by purling, or the performance of a thorough review of the references/citations of retrieved articles for publications that might have been missed through the database search.... Purling is often performed to ensure that all relevant articles are retrieved (Garrard, 2004). Instrumentation A coding protocol spreadsheet (CPS) was used to standardize data extraction methods applied to reviewed studies. The CPS was designed...

Sherman, Ledric D

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

218

Toward photonic-crystal metamaterials: Creating magnetic emitters in photonic crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Toward photonic-crystal metamaterials: Creating magnetic emitters in photonic crystals M. L Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge explore the possibility of designing photonic crystals to act as magnetic metamaterials: structures

219

Manufacturing Spotlight: Boosting American Competitiveness | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Manufacturing Spotlight: Boosting American Competitiveness Manufacturing Spotlight: Boosting American Competitiveness Manufacturing Spotlight: Boosting American Competitiveness January 6, 2014 - 1:06pm Addthis Libby Wayman Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative Director Advancing the nation's clean energy manufacturing industry helps to capture the value of U.S. innovation in clean energy technologies, fosters further innovation right here in America, and makes U.S. manufacturers more competitive by reducing their energy costs - all while creating jobs and building a more sustainable planet for future generations. Industry and government are working together to expand American leadership in this sector by bringing new clean energy technologies to the marketplace and making manufacturing processes more energy efficient.

220

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The Smithsonian American Art Museum GATEWAY Demonstration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

View the video about using LEDs in a GATEWAY demonstration at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, DC, including an interview with lighting designer Scott Rosenfeld.

222

Outlook for North American Natural Gas  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

North American Natural Gas For LDC Natural Gas Forum November 11, 2014 | Toronto, Ontario, Canada By Adam Sieminski, Administrator U.S. Energy Information Administration The...

223

American Lithium Energy Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lithium Energy Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name: American Lithium Energy Corp Place: San Marcos, California Zip: 92069 Product: California-based developer of lithium ion...

224

Native American Concerns | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Concerns Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleNativeAmericanConcerns&oldid612161" Category: NEPA Resources...

225

American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit will bring together leaders and perspectives from industry, government, academia, national laboratories, labor, and policy organizations...

226

2014 American Energy & Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit in...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Council on Competitiveness 9 of 10 Advanced Manufacturing Office Director Mark Johnson delivers the lunch keynote during the American Energy & Manufacturing Competitiveness...

227

Energy and American Society : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Society: A Reference Handbook By E. Willard MillerSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK (Contemporary World IssuesSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK is an important reference work

Li, Haipeng

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Weatherization Formula Grants - American Recovery and Reinvestment...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Act of 2009 waprecoveryactfoa.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - nDE-FOA-0000051.rtf Weatherization Formula Grants - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act...

229

American Gas Association | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Association American Gas Association Memorandum Summarizing Ex Parte Communication 111011ExParte.pdf More Documents & Publications Ex Parte Memorandum - Natural Resources Defense...

230

Comments of the American Public Gas Association on the Smart...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the American Public Gas Association on the Smart Grid RFI Comments of the American Public Gas Association on the Smart Grid RFI Comments from The American Public Gas Association on...

231

Molecular dynamics simulation of elevated temperature interfacial behavior between silica glass and a model crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Elevated temperature atomistic behavior was investigated using classical molecular dynamics simulations of solid state interfaces. Initially, observations on a Lennard-Jones (LJ) crystal surface interfaced with an ideal vacuum were made. Assignment of temperatures associated with specific amounts of crystal surface disorder was possible. A temperature was observed at and above which disorder propagated through all planes of mobile atoms, making it possible to establish an approximate transition temperature for surface nucleated melting of the LJ crystal. Similar high temperature simulations were then performed on silica glass/LJ crystal interfaces at two system stress levels. No significant dependence of interface behavior on the stress states which were studied was observed. The presence of the glass surface resulted in a depression of the temperature needed for the surface most planes of crystal atoms to roughen. This allowed LJ atoms to sample and occupy sites in the glass surface. Additional data presented shows this behavior was at least partly a function of the open structure inherent in glassy oxide surfaces. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Webb, E.B. III; Garofalini, S.H. [Department of Ceramics, Interfacial Molecular Science Laboratory, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08855 (United States)] [Department of Ceramics, Interfacial Molecular Science Laboratory, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey 08855 (United States)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbons: Dilute-Acid and Enzymatic Deconstruction of Biomass to Sugars and Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Process Design and Economics Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbons: Dilute-Acid and Enzymatic Deconstruction of Biomass to Sugars and Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons R. Davis, L. Tao, E.C.D. Tan, M.J. Biddy, G.T. Beckham, and C. Scarlata National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. Jacobson and K. Cafferty Idaho National Laboratory J. Ross, J. Lukas, D. Knorr, and P. Schoen Harris Group Inc. Technical Report NREL/TP-5100-60223 October 2013 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications.

233

Crystal Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crystal Systems Crystal Systems Name Crystal Systems Address 27 Congress Street Place Salem, Massachusetts Zip 01970 Sector Solar Product Silicon producer Year founded 1971 Website http://www.crystalsystems.com/ Coordinates 42.5190384°, -70.8896271° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5190384,"lon":-70.8896271,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

234

Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbons: Dilute-Acid and Enzymatic Deconstruction of Biomass to Sugars and Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report describes one potential conversion process to hydrocarbon products by way of biological conversion of lingnocellulosic-dervied sugars. The process design converts biomass to a hydrocarbon intermediate, a free fatty acid, using dilute-acid pretreatement, enzymatic saccharification, and bioconversion. Ancillary areas--feed handling, hydrolysate conditioning, product recovery and upgrading (hydrotreating) to a final blendstock material, wastewater treatment, lignin combusion, and utilities--are also included in the design.

235

Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Lignocellulosic Biomass to Hydrocarbons: Dilute-Acid and Enzymatic Deconstruction of Biomass to Sugars and Biological Conversion of Sugars to Hydrocarbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes one potential conversion process to hydrocarbon products by way of biological conversion of lingnocellulosic-dervied sugars. The process design converts biomass to a hydrocarbon intermediate, a free fatty acid, using dilute-acid pretreatement, enzymatic saccharification, and bioconversion. Ancillary areas--feed handling, hydrolysate conditioning, product recovery and upgrading (hydrotreating) to a final blendstock material, wastewater treatment, lignin combusion, and utilities--are also included in the design.

Davis, R.; Tao, L.; Tan, E. C. D.; Biddy, M. J.; Beckham, G. T.; Scarlata, C.; Jacobson, J.; Cafferty, K.; Ross, J.; Lukas, J.; Knorr, D.; Schoen, P.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Calibrating Curved Crystals Used for Plasma Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The throughput and resolving power of an X-ray spectrometer that uses a curved crystal as the diffraction element is determined primarily by the crystal X-ray reflectivity properties. This poster presents a measurement technique for these crystal parameters using a simple diode source to produce a narrow spectral band. The results from measurements on concave elliptical polyethylene terephthalate (PET) crystals and convex potassium acid phthalate (KAP) crystals show large variations in the key parameters compared to those from the flat crystal.

Haugh, M. J., Jacoby, K. D., Ross, P. W., Rochau, G. Wu, M., Regan, S. P., Barrios, M. A.

2012-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

237

Precision Crystal Calorimeters in High Energy Physics  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Precision crystal calorimeters traditionally play an important role in high energy physics experiments. In the last two decades, it faces a challenge to maintain its precision in a hostile radiation environment. This paper reviews the performance of crystal calorimeters constructed for high energy physics experiments and the progress achieved in understanding crystal?s radiation damage as well as in developing high quality scintillating crystals for particle physics. Potential applications of new generation scintillating crystals of high density and high light yield, such as LSO and LYSO, in particle physics experiments is also discussed.

Ren-Yuan Zhu

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

238

154th National American Chemical Society Meeting Chicago, III. Sept. 10 to 15, 1967  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

154th National American Chemical Society Meeting Chicago, III. ... Copyright 1967 American Chemical Society ...

1967-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS African-American Career World, http://www.eop.com/mags-AACW.php, is the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS African-American Career World, http://www.eop.com/mags-AACW.php in the workplace. ASIAN STUDENTS Asian American: Career Center- http://goldsea.com/Text/index.php

Arnold, Jonathan

240

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines North American Market Challenges for Diesel Engines 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentation: Gale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

National German - American Heritage Month | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

German - American Heritage Month National German - American Heritage Month September 1, 2013 7:45PM EDT to September 30, 2013 7:45PM...

242

Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light Duty Market Opportunity Assessment Clean Diesels in the North American Light Duty Market Presentation given at the...

243

Energy Secretary Moniz Will Host North American Energy Ministers...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

three key areas, including: 1) North American data collaboration, 2) Mexico's energy reform and its implications for the North American energy sector, and 3) creating a resilient...

244

Biomass 2013: How the Advanced Bioindustry is Reshaping American...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3: How the Advanced Bioindustry is Reshaping American Energy Biomass 2013: How the Advanced Bioindustry is Reshaping American Energy Biomass 2013 July 31-August 1, 2013 Washington,...

245

Sandia National Laboratories: AIAA SciTech/American Society of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AIAA SciTechAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers Wind Energy Symposium National Rotor Testbed Functional Scaling Presented at American Institute of Aeronautics and...

246

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

one compliance agreement for EM's American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Program on accelerated milestones for the Recovery Act program. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act...

247

Report to the President on Ensuring American Leadership in Advanced...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Report to the President on Ensuring American Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Report to the President on Ensuring American Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing...

248

American Institute of Architects 2030 Commitment Enabled by Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

American Institute of Architects 2030 Commitment Enabled by Energy IQ - 2014 BTO Peer Review American Institute of Architects 2030 Commitment Enabled by Energy IQ - 2014 BTO Peer...

249

Energy Department Launches Second Contest of the American Energy...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Energy Department Launches Second Contest of the American Energy Data Challenge Energy Department Launches Second Contest of the American Energy Data Challenge January 16, 2014 -...

250

North American SynchroPhasor Initiative (NASPI) Technical Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

technical report was developed by the North American SynchroPhasor Initiative, a collaboration between the North American electric industry (utilities, grid operators, vendors...

251

Changes in composition and sugar release across the annual rings of Populus wood and implications on recalcitrance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

composition composition and sugar release across the annual rings of Populus wood and implications on recalcitrance Jaclyn D. DeMartini, Charles E. Wyman ⇑ Center for Environmental Research and Technology, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California Riverside, 1084 Columbia Avenue, Riverside, CA 92507, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 9 July 2010 Received in revised form 30 August 2010 Accepted 31 August 2010 Available online xxxx Keywords: Pretreatment Enzymatic hydrolysis Biomass recalcitrance Age effects Populus wood a b s t r a c t Understanding structural characteristics that are responsible for biomass recalcitrance by identifying why it is more difficult for some plants, or portions of plants, to release their sugars would be extremely valuable in overcoming this barrier. With this in mind, this study investigated the recalcitrance of wood

252

Cellulose solvent- and organic solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation enabled efficient sugar release from a variety of lignocellulosic feedstocks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cellulose solvent- and organic solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation ena- Cellulose solvent- and organic solvent-based lignocellulose fractionation ena- bled efficient sugar release from a variety of lignocellulosic feedstocks Noppadon Sathitsuksanoh, Zhiguang Zhu, Y.-H. Percival Zhang PII: S0960-8524(12)00712-2 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.04.088 Reference: BITE 9966 To appear in: Bioresource Technology Received Date: 29 February 2012 Revised Date: 21 April 2012 Accepted Date: 21 April 2012 Please cite this article as: Sathitsuksanoh, N., Zhu, Z., Percival Zhang, Y.-H., Cellulose solvent- and organic solvent- based lignocellulose fractionation enabled efficient sugar release from a variety of lignocellulosic feedstocks, Bioresource Technology (2012), doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.04.088 This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers

253

Top Value Added Chemicals From Biomass: I. Results of Screening for Potential Candidates from Sugars and Synthesis Gas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report identifies twelve building block chemicals that can be produced from sugars via biological or chemical conversions. The twelve building blocks can be subsequently converted to a number of high-value bio-based chemicals or materials. Building block chemicals, as considered for this analysis, are molecules with multiple functional groups that possess the potential to be transformed into new families of useful molecules. The twelve sugar-based building blocks are 1,4-diacids (succinic, fumaric and malic), 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid, 3-hydroxy propionic acid, aspartic acid, glucaric acid, glutamic acid, itaconic acid, levulinic acid, 3-hydroxybutyrolactone, glycerol, sorbitol, and xylitol/arabinitol. In addition to building blocks, the report outlines the central technical barriers that are preventing the widespread use of biomass for products and chemicals.

Werpy, Todd A.; Holladay, John E.; White, James F.

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Filtration to Improve Single Filtration to Improve Single Crystal Casting Yield-Mikro Systems Background Single crystal (SX) nickel superalloys are a primary material choice for gas turbine hot gas path component castings because of their high resistance to deformation at elevated temperatures. However, the casting yields of these components need to be improved in order to reduce costs and encourage more widespread use within the gas turbine industry. Low yields have been associated with a number of process-related defects common to the conventional casting of SX components. One innovative improvement, advanced casting filter designs, has been identified as a potential path toward increasing the yield rates of SX castings for high-temperature gas turbine applications. Mikro Systems, Inc. (Mikro) proposes to increase SX casting yields by developing

255

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Single-Crystal Sapphire Optical Fiber Single-Crystal Sapphire Optical Fiber Sensor Instrumentation for Coal Gasifiers Background Accurate temperature measurement inside a coal gasifier is essential for safe, efficient, and cost-effective operation. However, current sensors are prone to inaccurate readings and premature failure due to harsh operating conditions including high temperatures (1,200-1,600 degrees Celsius [°C]), high pressures (up to 1000 pounds per square inch gauge [psig]), chemical corrosiveness, and high flow rates, all of which lead to corrosion, erosion, embrittlement, and cracking of gasifier components as well as sensor failure. Temperature measurement is a critical gasifier control parameter because temperature is a critical factor influencing the gasification and it leads to impacts in efficiency and

256

AMERICAN FRONTIERS: CRITICAL HISTORIES WINTER 2006 SYLLABUS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

since the late 19th century; the social transformation of the American West in the 20th century; and images of the frontier and the West in American culture since the early 20th century. We will also Publisher: W. W. Norton; Reprint edition (January 30, 1987) Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California

257

American Cooler Technologies: Order (2013-CE-5305)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered American Cooler Technologies to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Cooler Technologies had failed to certify that certain models of walk-in coolers or freezers (WICF) components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

258

North American trade alliance gains support  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

North American trade alliance gains support ... A broad trade alliance among the U.S., Canada, and Mexico isn't likely yet, but pacts for specific industrial sectors may be possible; one candidate for agreement is petrochemicals and the effects would be profound ... The idea, now gaining wide and influential support, is the formation of some sort of North American trade alliance. ...

EARL V. ANDERSON

1980-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

259

Effects of sugars in batter formula and baking conditions on 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural formation in sponge cake models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and furfural (F) could be formed in sugar-rich foods during baking. The effects of batter formula and baking conditions on the formation of HMF and F and the kinetics of HMF formation during baking were studied in 15 sponge cake models. A fixed amount of sucrose (40%) was included as minimum in sponge cake models to improve the batter consistency and texture of sponge cakes. The results showed that increase of the sugar and citric acid amount in the batter formula increased HMF and F formation during baking at 205C for 11min. With increasing of the baking temperature and time, the concentrations of HMF and F were also increased in the sponge cake models, and the maximum concentrations of HMF and F attained were 410011mgkg?1 and 591mgkg?1, respectively. Formation of HMF in the sponge cake models (Models 1115) followed a first-order kinetics. By applying the Arrhenius equation, the activation energy (Ea) of sponge cake models was found to a span range between 15.4kJmol?1 and 25.8kJmol?1. The results showed that sugar type, pH and baking temperature and time strongly affected HMF and F formation in sponge cake models.

Yu-Yu Zhang; Yi Song; Xiao-Song Hu; Xiao-Jun Liao; Yuan-Ying Ni; Quan-Hong Li

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Native American Resources  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Resources Resources This page lists resources and tools specifically for Native Americans. Read personal interviews with Native Americans who have experience installing wind power on Native American lands, find wind resource maps that have Indian Reservation boundaries, and watch a video about installing wind power on Native American lands. Search the Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach initiative's Database Choose a Type of Information All News Publications Web Resource Videos Choose # of Records per Page Default (10 per page) 5 25 50 To search the titles, enter a word or phrase. Start Search Clear Contents Total of 42 records found. Page 1 of 9, Sorted by descending date Filtered by: Native Americans 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Next Page >> Date sort by ascending date sort by descending date State sort by ascending state sort by descending state Type of Information Program Area Title sort by ascending title sort by descending title

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

American Municipal Power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Municipal Power Municipal Power Jump to: navigation, search Name American Municipal Power Place Columbus, Ohio Zip 43219 Product AMP is a non-profit corporation that owns and operates electric facilities. AMP purchases wholesale electric power and energy, and develops alternate power resources for its members. References American Municipal Power[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. American Municipal Power is a company located in Columbus, Ohio . References ↑ "American Municipal Power" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=American_Municipal_Power&oldid=342122" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs

262

American Hydrogen Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name American Hydrogen Corporation Address OU Innovation Center, 340 W State St. Unit 40 Place Athens, Ohio Zip 45701 Sector Renewable Energy, Services Product String representation "a Houston-based ... nd efficiently." is too long. Website http://www.americanhydrogencor References American Hydrogen Corporation[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. American Hydrogen Corporation is a company based in Athens, Ohio. References ↑ "American Hydrogen Corporation" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=American_Hydrogen_Corporation&oldid=365845" Categories: Companies

263

American Municipal Power (Public Electric Utilities) - Residential  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Municipal Power (Public Electric Utilities) - Residential American Municipal Power (Public Electric Utilities) - Residential Efficiency Smart Program (Ohio) American Municipal Power (Public Electric Utilities) - Residential Efficiency Smart Program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Program Info Funding Source American Municipal Power Start Date 01/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Ohio Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Ceiling Fan with Lights: $15 Dehumidifier: $25 Select Clothes Washer: $50 ENERGY STAR Refrigerator: $50 Refrigerator/Freezer Recycling: $50 Furnace Fan with ECM: $100 Heat Pump Water Heaters: $250 CFLs: up to 85% of cost Efficiency Smart (tm) provides energy efficiency incentives to the American

264

American Ag Fuels LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ag Fuels LLC Ag Fuels LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name American Ag Fuels LLC Place Defiance, Ohio Zip 43512 Product Biodiesel producer in Defiance, Ohio. References American Ag Fuels LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. American Ag Fuels LLC is a company located in Defiance, Ohio . References ↑ "American Ag Fuels LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=American_Ag_Fuels_LLC&oldid=342105" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

265

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Phase III Xlerator Program: Rapid Phase III Xlerator Program: Rapid Commercialization of Advanced Turbine Blades for IGCC Power Plants-Mikro Systems Background Mikro Systems, Inc. is developing their proprietary TOMO SM manufacturing technology to produce turbine blades with significantly improved internal cooling geometries that are beyond current manufacturing state-of-the-art, thus enabling higher operating temperatures. Funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase III Xlerator Program will be directed towards accelerating commercial adoption of TOMO SM technology by leading turbine manufacturers through the demonstration of superior manufacturability, cost, and performance. Ultimately, this technology will lead to improved efficiency

266

An analysis of the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency measures and factors affecting their implementation: a case study of Thai sugar industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use bottom-up conservation supply curves (CSC) to analyze the cost-effectiveness of various energy efficiency measures for the Thai sugar industry. ... study was conducted in two parts. First, energy efficienc...

Sumate Sathitbun-anan; Bundit Fungtammasan; Mirko Barz

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

ARM - Field Campaign - CRYSTAL-FACE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govCampaignsCRYSTAL-FACE govCampaignsCRYSTAL-FACE Campaign Links CRYSTAL-FACE Website Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : CRYSTAL-FACE 2002.06.26 - 2002.08.01 Lead Scientist : James Mather Data Availability Data is available to the general public at the ARM Archive. Questions regarding CRYSTAL-FACE or the PARSL data set may be directed to Jim Mather at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (Jim.Mather@pnl.gov) or visit the CRYSTAL-FACE web site at http://cloud1.arc.nasa.gov/crystalface/ For data sets, see below. Description From July 3-29, 2002 ARM took part in CRYSTAL-FACE (The Cirrus Regional Study of Tropical Anvils and Cirrus Layers -Florida Area Cirrus Experiment). CRYSTAL-FACE was organized by NASA but many agencies and

268

IR laser-induced protein crystal transformation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel method and the associated instrumentation for improving crystalline order (higher resolution of X-ray diffraction and reduced mosaicity) of protein crystals by precisely controlled heating is demonstrated. Crystal transformation is optically controlled by a video system.

Kiefersauer, R.

2014-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

Photon tunnelling microscopy of polyethylene single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photon tunnelling microscopy of polyethylene single crystals Mohan Srinivasarao* and Richard S:photon tunnellingmicroscopy;single crystals; polyethylene) INTRODUCTION The study of morphology of polymers is an area

Srinivasarao, Mohan

270

Fluid Inclusions in Hydrothermally Synthesized Brucite Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Brucite crystals were grown hydrothermally from Mg(OH)2 powder in 7.5 and 15 mol% NaOH solutions. It is established from the observation of the surface microtopographs that the crystals grew by the spiral mechani...

Kazuo Nakamura; Shin-Ichi Hirano

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Crystallization of the crenarchaeal SRP core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The conserved ribonucleoprotein core of the signal recognition particle (SRP) has been crystallized. Both crystal forms are highly twinned and an explanation for the possible tetartohedral twinning is presented.

Rosendal, K.R.

2003-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

272

Nanopatterned anchoring layers for liquid crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the theory and fabrication of inhomogeneous Liquid Crystal anchoring layers. While chemical anchoring techniques have proved useful for many applications, especially Liquid Crystal Displays, they have ...

Gear, Christopher S. (Christopher Stanwood)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Crystal structure of guggulsterone Z  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the title compound (4,17(20)-trans-pregnadiene-3,16-dione, C{sub 21}H{sub 28}O{sub 2}) has been determined by direct methods using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The compound crystallizes into the orthorhombic space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1} with the unit cell parameters a = 7.908(2) A, b = 13.611(3) A, c = 16.309(4) A, and Z = 4. The structure has been refined to R = 0.058 for 3667 observed reflections. The bond distances and angles are in good agreement with guggulsterone E and other related steroid molecules. Ring A exists in the distorted sofa conformation, while rings B and C adopt the distorted chair conformation. Five-membered ring D is intermediate between the half-chair and envelope conformations. The A/B ring junction is quasi-trans, while ring systems B/C and C/D are trans fused about the C(8)-C(9) and C(13)-C(14) bonds, respectively. The steroid nucleus has a small twist, as shown by the C(19)-C(10)...C(13)-C(18) pseudo-torsion angle of 7.2{sup o}. The crystal structure is stabilized by intra-and intermolecular C-H...O hydrogen bonds.

Gupta, V. K., E-mail: vivek_gupta2k2@hotmail.com; Bandhoria, P. [University of Jammu, Post Graduate Department of Physics (India); Gupta, B. D.; Gupta, K. K. [Regional Research Laboratory (India)

2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Crystal Engineering: Strategies and Architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This review takes a look at some of the strategies that have been devised for research in crystal engineering, in particular, those based around hydrogen-bonded architectures. In addition, some of the history and possibilites of the field itself are alluded to.

Aakery, C.B.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Gas Mileage of 1984 Vehicles by American Motors Corporation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles 4 American Motors Corporation Vehicles EPA MPG MODEL City Comb Hwy 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 20 Combined 22 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 4 cyl, 2.5 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 19 City 21 Combined 23 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Automatic 3-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 15 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 4-spd, Regular Gasoline Compare 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 16 City 17 Combined 20 Highway 1984 American Motors Corporation Eagle 4WD 6 cyl, 4.2 L, Manual 5-spd, Regular Gasoline

276

Laser Assisted Crystallization of Ferromagnetic Amorphous Ribbons...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ferromagnetic Amorphous Ribbons: A Multimodal Characterization and Thermal Model Study. Laser Assisted Crystallization of Ferromagnetic Amorphous Ribbons: A Multimodal...

277

Ames Lab 101: Growing Crystals in Space  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rohit Trivedi, distinguished professor of materials science and engineering, discusses his research with NASA to grow crystals in space.

Trivedi, Rohit

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Crystal of GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to a novel, bacterial GTP Cyclohydrolase Type IB enzyme, and the crystal structure thereof.

Swairjo, Manal A.; Iwata-Reuyl, Dirk; de Crecy-Lagard, Valerie

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

279

Robotic CCD microscope for enhanced crystal recognition  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A robotic CCD microscope and procedures to automate crystal recognition. The robotic CCD microscope and procedures enables more accurate crystal recognition, leading to fewer false negative and fewer false positives, and enable detection of smaller crystals compared to other methods available today.

Segelke, Brent W. (San Ramon, CA); Toppani, Dominique (Livermore, CA)

2007-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

280

Nanoscale Calorimetry of Isolated Polyethylene Single Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscale Calorimetry of Isolated Polyethylene Single Crystals A. T. KWAN, M. YU. EFREMOV, E. A-film differential scanning calorimetry to investigate the melt- ing of isolated polyethylene single crystals of lamellar single crystals of polyethylene (PE). We obtain thickness, diffraction, and calorimetry data

Allen, Leslie H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Transition from Irradiation-Induced Amorphization to Crystallization...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

from Irradiation-Induced Amorphization to Crystallization in Nanocrystalline Silicon Carbide. Transition from Irradiation-Induced Amorphization to Crystallization in...

282

A new subunit of thermoelectric generator using single crystal-like elements of laminated type  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compact subunit of thermoelectric generator is designed using single crystal-like 288 elements of (Bi,Sb){sub 2} (Te,Se){sub 3} compounds of laminated type. It is expected that the maximum power amounts to 17.3 (W) with 11.1 (A) and 1.56 (V) at the temperature difference of 50 {degree}C. The elements are prepared by the Bridgman method using a new type of crucible. Thermoelectric properties of these elements are measured using a simple Peltier technique. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Tanji, Y. [R& D Division, Tokin Corporation, Sendai, 982 (Japan); Nakagawa, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, Tohoku Institute of Technology, Sendai, 982 (Japan); Kaneko, T. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980 (Japan); Ido, H.; Kuboki, M. [Faculty of Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, Tagajyo, 985 (Japan); Kogo, M. [R& D Division, Tokin Corporation, Sendai, 982 (Japan); Masumoto, T. [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980 (Japan); Sato, R. [Faculty of Engineering, Tohoku Gakuin University, Tagajyo, 985 (Japan)

1994-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

283

Design and analysis of a high heat load pin-post monochromator crystal with an integral water manifold  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional minichannel water cooling geometry will not perform satisfactorily for x-radiation from a wiggler source at the Advanced Photon Source. For closed-gap wiggler operation, cryogenic silicon appears to be the only option for crystals in Bragg-Bragg geometry. For operation of the wiggler at more modest critical energies ({lt}17 keV), the first crystal can be cooled by a pin-post cooling scheme, using water at room temperature as a coolant. In order to limit the water consumption to 4 gpm and hence the risk of introducing vibrations to the crystal, the intensely cooled area of the crystal was matched to the footprint of the beam, leaving a less cooled area of the crystal subject to survival in a missteered beam but not to perform as a monochromator. The manifold design avoids large areas of high water pressure that would bow the crystal. We present here the design of a pin-post monochromator consisting of a four-layer silicon manifold system and an integrally bonded 39{percent} nickel-iron alloy base plate. A transparent prototype of the design will be exhibited. Fabrication techniques and design advantages will be discussed. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}

Schildkamp, W. [Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)] [Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, 5640 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Tonnessen, T. [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, 2511 C. Broadbent Parkway, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107 (United States)] [Rocketdyne Albuquerque Operations, 2511 C. Broadbent Parkway, N.E., Albuquerque, NM 87107 (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 American Physical Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Levine Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Michael Lubell American Physical Society & The City College

Kammen, Daniel M.

285

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Corporation (NERC): Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid. NERC develops and enforces Reliability Standards; assesses adequacy annually via a ten-year forcast and winter and summer forecasts; monitors the bulk power systems; and educates, trains, and certifies industry personnel. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC): Reliability Considerations from the Integration of Smart Grid More Documents & Publications Re: DOE Request for Information - Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to

286

Recovery Act State Memos American Samoa  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American American Samoa For questions about DOE's Recovery Act activities, please contact the DOE Recovery Act Clearinghouse: 1-888-DOE-RCVY (888-363-7289), Monday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m. Eastern Time https://recoveryclearinghouse.energy.gov/contactUs.htm. All numbers and projects listed as of June 1, 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT................................................................................... 1 FUNDING ALLOCATION TABLE.............................................................................. 2 ENERGY EFFICIENCY ................................................................................................ 1 For total Recovery Act jobs numbers in American Samoa go to www.recovery.gov

287

Phosphoenolpyruvate and 2-phosphoglycerate: endogenous energy source(s) for sugar accumulation by starved cells of Streptococcus lactis.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Press Inc., New York. 10. Harold...transformation of energy by bacterial...Press Inc., New York. 31. Roseman...Fitzsimons (ed.), Energy transformation...Symposium 31 (new series). American Elsevier, New York. 32. Sanwal...

J Thompson; T D Thomas

1977-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Invisibility in PT-symmetric complex crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bragg scattering in sinusoidal PT-symmetric complex crystals of finite thickness is theoretically investigated by the derivation of exact analytical expressions for reflection and transmission coefficients in terms of modified Bessel functions of first kind. The analytical results indicate that unidirectional invisibility, recently predicted for such crystals by coupled-mode theory [Z. Lin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 213901 (2011)], breaks down for crystals containing a large number of unit cells. In particular, for a given modulation depth in a shallow sinusoidal potential, three regimes are encountered as the crystal thickness is increased. At short lengths the crystal is reflectionless and invisible when probed from one side (unidirectional invisibility), whereas at intermediate lengths the crystal remains reflectionless but not invisible; for longer crystals both unidirectional reflectionless and invisibility properties are broken.

Stefano Longhi

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS Date: May 22, 2012 African-American Affinity Group AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION - 2 - Revised and accepted May 22, 2012 ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION ARTICLE I - NAME SECTION 1 The name of the Organization is the "African -American Affinity Group" (AAAG). ARTICLE II - MISSION SECTION 1 The African-American Affinity Group (AAAG) exists to provide a forum where employees and guests can promote awareness of the Black, African, African-American and Caribbean cultures, share professional insights, acquire information and provide leadership on their careers and work

290

Photonic crystals with controlled disorder  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photonic crystals are extremely sensitive to structural disorder even to the point of completely losing their functionalities. While, on one side, this can be detrimental for applications in traditional optical devices, on the other side, it gives also rise to very interesting new physics and maybe even new applications. We propose a route to introduce disorder in photonic crystals in a controlled way by creating a certain percentage of vacancies in the lattice. We show how the method works and what type of materials can be obtained this way. Also, we use this system to probe the role of disorder on the resulting transport properties from various points of view, including measurements of the transport and scattering mean free path and the diffusion constant.

Garcia, P. D.; Sapienza, R.; Lopez, C. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (CSIC) and Unidad Asociada CSIC-UVigo, Cantoblanco E-28049, Madrid (Spain); Toninelli, C.; Wiersma, D. S. [European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy and CNR-INO, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence (Italy)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

291

American Samoa Recovery Act State Memo | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Samoa Recovery Act State Memo American Samoa Recovery Act State Memo American Samoa Recovery Act State Memo The American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) is making a meaningful down payment on the nation's energy and environmental future. The Recovery Act investments in American Samoa are supporting a broad range of clean energy projects, from energy efficiency and the smart grid to solar power and biofuels. Through these investments, American Samoa's businesses, universities, non-profits, and local governments are creating quality jobs today and positioning American Samoa to play an important role in the new energy economy of the future. American Samoa Recovery Act State Memo More Documents & Publications AMERICAN SAMOA RECOVERY ACT SNAPSHOT Guam Recovery Act State Memo State Energy Efficient Appliance Rebate Program (SEEARP) American Recovery

292

Submit a Buy American Complaint | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Action Center » Submit a Buy American Complaint Action Center » Submit a Buy American Complaint Submit a Buy American Complaint Buy American Resources Section 1605 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 sets forth the Buy American requirements for recipients of Recovery Act financial assistance, including EECBG recipients. If you have reason to believe that a vendor or grant recipient is violating the Buy American Requirements of the Recovery Act, which apply to iron, steel, or manufactured goods in a public works project funded by DOE, please provide the information that you have in support of that belief to BuyAmericanComplaints@hq.doe.gov. EERE Buy American Guidance Report an Appliance Regulation Violation Report Fraud to the IG Submit a Buy American Complaint FAQs Related to the Recovery Act

293

Celebrating National Native American Heritage Month at the Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Native American Heritage Month at the National Native American Heritage Month at the Department of Energy Celebrating National Native American Heritage Month at the Department of Energy November 16, 2011 - 2:39pm Addthis A display for Native American Heritage Month in the Forrestal headquarters lobby. A display for Native American Heritage Month in the Forrestal headquarters lobby. We celebrate Native American Heritage Month to honor Native Americans, their rich heritage, and their present accomplishments. Native Americans are innovators, entrepreneurs, leaders, and scholars, and our debt to them is immense. Yesterday we kicked off a three-part film series for Native American Heritage Month, co-presented by the Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian. Employees and contractors from the Department of Energy

294

Abstract crystals Department of Mathematics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a normal crystal define a bijection si : B B by sib = ~f wti(b) i b, if wti(b) 0, ~e -wti(b) i b, if wti, b2 B2} with wti(b1 b2) = wti(b1) + wti(b2), i(b1 b2) = max{i(b1), i(b2) - wt(b1), i }, i(b1 b2

Ram, Arun

295

Chasing the illusive American dream: an historical analysis of Mexican-American education, employment, and culture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the triple oppression of gender, race, and ethnicity, Chicanas have led strikes, held the Mexican-American family together, maintained binational networks, encouraged their childrens' education, and contributed to American culture. The average Mexican.... The 1940s began another stage of immigration during which Mexicans crossed the border as a result of American war labor shortages and the Bracero Program. Legislation in the second half of the century led to a sharp decline in Mexican immigration...

Ham, Arwen Eugene

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

296

Differences in Mexican-American and Anglo-American Women's Response to a Modified Clothing TAT.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

precise conclusions in the statistical sense, could be drawn. For the Mexican-American women studied, there was a direct relationship between cloth- ing awareness and social status scores (P. = 75-90 per- ' cent), occupational rating (no statistical....5 percent). Area of ma jnr socialization did not affect Mexican-American ~z-omen'( cognizance of clothing. Anglo-Americans were more likely to have Iliqher clothing awareness scores (P. = 95 percent) than werr the Mexico-born women. Although...

Bathke, Carol Sander

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Siemens Energy Siemens Energy Background Siemens Energy, along with numerous partners, has an ongoing U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program to develop hydrogen turbines for coal-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power generation that will improve efficiency, reduce emissions, lower costs, and allow for carbon capture and storage (CCS). Siemens Energy is expanding this program for industrial applications such as cement, chemical, steel, and aluminum plants, refineries, manufacturing facilities, etc., under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). ARRA funding will be utilized to facilitate a set of gas turbine technology advancements that will improve the efficiency, emissions, and cost performance of turbines for industrial CCS. ARRA industrial technology acceleration,

298

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Traci Rodosta Traci Rodosta Carbon Storage Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road PO Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-1345 traci.rodosta@netl.doe.gov Joshua Hull Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-0906 joshua.hull@netl.doe.gov Erik Westman Principal Investigator Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 100 Holden Hall Blacksburg, VA 24061 540-0231-7510 Fax: 540-231-4070 ewestman@vt.edu PROJECT DURATION Start Date End Date 12/01/2009 12/31/2012 COST Total Project Value $257,818 DOE/Non-DOE Share $248,441 / $9,377 Government funding for this project is provided in whole or in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. P R OJ E C T FAC T

299

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Andrea Dunn Andrea Dunn Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-7594 andrea.dunn@netl.doe.gov Marte Gutierrez Principal Investigator Colorado School of Mines 1600 Illinois Street Golden, CO 80401 303-273-3468 Fax: 303-273-3602 mgutierr@mines.edu PROJECT DURATION Start Date 12/01/2009 End Date 5/31/2013 COST Total Project Value $297,505 DOE/Non-DOE Share $297,505 / $0 Government funding for this project is provided in whole or in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Training and Research on Probabilistic Hydro-Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of Carbon Dioxide Geological Sequestration in Fractured Porous Rocks Background Fundamental and applied research on carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS)

300

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Phase III Xlerator Program: Electro-deposited Phase III Xlerator Program: Electro-deposited Mn-Co Alloy Coating for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Interconnects-Faraday Technology Background Based on preliminary cost analysis estimates, Faraday Technology has shown that its FARADAYIC TM electrodeposition process for coating interconnects is cost competitive. Funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase III Xlerator Program will be directed toward developing, optimizing, and validating the FARADAYIC process as an effective and economical manufacturing method for coating interconnect materials with a manganese-cobalt (Mn-Co) alloy for use in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks. This project is managed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Electric General Electric Background GE Power & Water, along with GE Global Research Center, has an ongoing U.S. Depart- ment of Energy (DOE) program to develop gas turbine technology for coal-based integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power generation that will improve efficiency, reduce emissions, lower costs, and allow for carbon capture and storage (CCS). GE is broadening this development effort, along with expanding applicability to industrial applications such as refineries and steel mills under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). ARRA funding will be utilized to facilitate a set of gas turbine technology advancements that will improve the efficiency, emissions, and cost performance of turbines with industrial CCS. ARRA industrial technology acceleration,

302

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oxy-Fuel Turbo Machinery Oxy-Fuel Turbo Machinery Development for Energy Intensive Industrial Applications-Clean Energy Systems Background Clean Energy Systems (CES), with support from Siemens Energy and Florida Turbine Technologies (FTT), has an ongoing U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program to develop an oxy-fuel combustor for highly efficient near zero emission power plants. CES is expanding this development for an industrial-scale, oxy-fuel reheat combustor- equipped intermediate-pressure oxy-fuel turbine (IP-OFT) under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Through the design, analysis, and testing of a modified Siemens SGT-900 gas turbine, the team will demonstrate a simple-cycle oxy-fuel system. ARRA funding is accelerating advancement in OFT technology for

303

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Energy California Project Hydrogen Energy California Project Background A need exists to further develop carbon management technologies that capture and store or beneficially reuse carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) that would otherwise be emitted into the atmosphere from coal-based electric power generating facilities. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies offer great potential for reducing CO 2 emissions and mitigating global climate change, while minimizing the economic impacts of the solution. Under the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) Round 3 program, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is providing financial assistance, including funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009, to industry to demonstrate the commercial viability of technologies that will capture CO

304

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI 3) Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI 3) NRG Energy: W.A. Parish Post-Combustion CO2 Capture and Sequestration Project Background Additional development and demonstration is needed to improve the cost and efficiency of carbon management technologies that capture and store carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) that would otherwise be emitted from coal-based electric power generating facilities. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies offer great potential for reducing CO 2 emissions and mitigating global climate change, while minimizing the economic impacts of the solution. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is providing financial assistance through the Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) Round 3, which includes funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), to demonstrate the commercial viability

305

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Traci Rodosta Traci Rodosta Carbon Storage Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road PO Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-1345 traci.rodosta@netl.doe.gov Karen Kluger Project Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 412-386-6667 karen.kluger@netl.doe.gov Gary Mavko Principal Investigator Stanford University 397 Panama Mall Stanford, CA 94305-2215 650-723-9438 Fax: 650-723-1188 mavko@stanford.edu PROJECT DURATION Start Date 12/01/2009 End Date 06/30/2013 COST Total Project Value $385,276 DOE/Non-DOE Share $295,777/ $89,499 Government funding for this project is provided in whole or in part through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Rock Physics of Geologic Carbon Sequestration/Storage

306

2010 American Conference on Neutron Scattering (ACNS 2010)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ACNS provides a focal point for the national neutron user community to strengthen ties within this diverse group, while at the same time promoting neutron research among colleagues in related disciplines identified as would-be neutron users. The American Conference on Neutron Scattering thus serves a dual role as a national user meeting and a scientific meeting. As a venue for scientific exchange, the ACNS showcases recent results and provides forums for scientific discussion of neutron research in diverse fields such as hard and soft condensed matter, liquids, biology, magnetism, engineering materials, chemical spectroscopy, crystal structure, and elementary excitations, fundamental physics and development of neutron instrumentation through a combination of invited talks, contributed talks and poster sessions. As a super-user meeting, the ACNS fulfills the main objectives of users' meetings previously held periodically at individual national neutron facilities, with the advantage of a larger and more diverse audience. To this end, each of the major national neutron facilities (NIST, LANSCE, HFIR and SNS) have an opportunity to exchange information and update users, and potential users, of their facility. This is also an appropriate forum for users to raise issues that relate to the facilities. For many of the national facilities, this super-user meeting should obviate the need for separate user meetings that tax the time, energy and budgets of facility staff and the users alike, at least in years when the ACNS is held. We rely upon strong participation from the national facilities. The NSSA intends that the American Conference on Neutron Scattering (ACNS) will occur approximately every two years, but not in years that coincide with the International or European Conferences on Neutron Scattering. The ACNS is to be held in association with one of the national neutron centers in a rotating sequence, with the host facility providing local organization and planning assistance. Additional logistical support is being provided this year through a partnership with the conferencing office of the Materials Research Society (MRS). The ACNS, targeting the entire potential neutron North American user community, complements the annual NIST, ANL and LANSCE neutron and scattering schools which give hands-on experience primarily to graduate students who anticipate using neutron scattering in their thesis research. The summer schools are promoted at the ACNS and represent a natural path for students to take after being inspired by the activities of the ACNS.

Professor Simon Billinge

2011-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

American Exceptionalism: Public Opinion on Liberty as a Core American Value.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The core American values of liberty, egalitarianism, and individualism have been shown to be in constant tension with one another. This project sought to (more)

Jenks, Catherine Adcock

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Recovery and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions related to the the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD September 14, 2011 CX-006764: Categorical Exclusion Determination Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program CX(s) Applied: A1, A7, B5.1 Date: 09/14/2011 Location(s): Haltom City, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory September 14, 2011 CX-006763: Categorical Exclusion Determination Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program CX(s) Applied: A1, A7, B5.1 Date: 09/14/2011 Location(s): Friendswood, Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy

309

British American Business | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

British American Business British American Business British American Business November 20, 2007 - 4:45pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you. It's a pleasure to be back speaking to the members of British-American Business. I want to thank Peter Hunt for convening this event and for inviting me to be a part of it. I'm winding up a trip that began in Rome at the World Energy Conference where I and six of my fellow Energy Ministers from around the world shared our views on how to increase the world's energy security. Then I traveled to Turkmenistan to meet the new President and senior leaders in his government. As you may know, Turkmenistan has vast oil and gas resources and has the potential to be a significant new supplier for Europe if new export routes can be constructed and new investment made.

310

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions related to the the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD November 23, 2010 CX-004590: Categorical Exclusion Determination Re-Utilization of Industrial Carbon Dioxide for Algae Production Using a Phase Change Material CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B3.6 Date: 11/23/2010 Location(s): Dexter, Michigan Office(s): Fossil Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory November 23, 2010 CX-004556: Categorical Exclusion Determination Kentucky-County-Hardin CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 11/23/2010 Location(s): Hardin County, Kentucky

311

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions related to the the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 5, 2010 CX-001438: Categorical Exclusion Determination Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Project CX(s) Applied: A7 Date: 04/05/2010 Location(s): Utah Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 5, 2010 CX-001437: Categorical Exclusion Determination Market Title: Clean Energy Grant Program CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 04/05/2010 Location(s): Florida Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy

312

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions related to the the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD November 2, 2009 CX-000026: Categorical Exclusion Determination Ivanoff Bay Village Energy Efficiency and Conservation Strategy CX(s) Applied: A1, A9, A11 Date: 11/02/2009 Location(s): Ivanoff Bay, Alaska Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy November 2, 2009 CX-000025: Categorical Exclusion Determination Cortina Rancheria of Wintun Indians Renewable Energy Technologies (Wind) on Government Buildings CX(s) Applied: B5.1, B3.6, A1

313

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions related to the the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD January 19, 2011 CX-005047: Categorical Exclusion Determination Chicago Area Alternative Fuels Deployment Project CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/19/2011 Location(s): Chicago, Illinois Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory January 19, 2011 CX-005039: Categorical Exclusion Determination Development and Validation of a Gas-Fired Residential Heat Pump Water Heater CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 01/19/2011

314

Davis-Bacon / Buy American Relationship  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

February 4, 2010 1 February 4, 2010 1 Davis-Bacon / Buy American Relationship Davis-Bacon / Buy American Relationship Question: Since the Davis Bacon Act uses same or similar language about "construction, alteration, maintenance or repair", does a determination that the project is (or is not) subject to the Davis Bacon Act also mean that the project is (or is not) subject to the Buy American provisions of 1605 of the Recovery Act? Answer: No. A finding that the Davis Bacon Act (and Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act) does not apply (or applies) to a project does not necessarily mean that the Buy American provisions of 1605 of the Recovery Act do not apply (or apply). These two statutes contain some similar language, but are not the same, have different implementing regulatory frameworks, and are construed in the context

315

EMSL: Capabilities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Recovery Act Logo EMSL researchers are benefitting from a recent $60 million investment in innovation through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. These Recovery Act funds were employed to further develop and deploy transformational capabilities that deliver scientific discoveries in support of DOE's mission. Today, they are helping EMSL accomplish the following: Establish leadership in in situ chemical imaging and procure ultrahigh-resolution microscopy tools Additional Information Investing in Innovation: EMSL and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Recovery Act and Systems Biology at EMSL Recovery Act Instruments coming to EMSL In the News EMSL ARRA Capability Features News: Recovery Act and PNNL Recovery Act in the Tri-City Herald

316

American Capital Energy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Product: Full-service PV installation company, which provides advisory services on PV plants and O&M services. References: American Capital Energy Inc1 This article is a...

317

The Cold War and American Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American historians who have studied the Cold War have usually focused upon either the events on the international scene which gave rise to tensions or on the policies and rhetoric of national political leaders such as ...

Marden, David L.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

American Wind Energy Association Offshore WINDPOWER Conference...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Offshore WINDPOWER Conference & Exhibition American Wind Energy Association Offshore WINDPOWER Conference & Exhibition October 7, 2014 9:00AM EDT to October 8, 2014 5:00PM EDT AWEA...

319

New Central American Cinema (2001-2010)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation explores New Central American Cinema, a film movement that emerged in Central America during the 2000s. It examines feature-length fictional films produced and released in Central America between 2001-2010. ...

Duró n, Hispano

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

320

American Samoa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":"" Country Profile Name American Samoa Population 55,519 GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption 0.01 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code AS 3-letter ISO...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The American ballpark : a structural perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent boom in ballpark construction in the last decade has brought great attention to the design of these stadiums. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the history of the American ballpark through the 20th century, ...

Sweeney, Raymond W. (Raymond Winfield)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Transforming the American Economy Through Innovation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Secretary Chu joins Vice President Joe Biden as he details the role the Recovery Act has played in funding innovation that will help build a foundation for a more robust and competitive American...

323

British American Business | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

British American Business British American Business British American Business November 20, 2007 - 4:45pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you. It's a pleasure to be back speaking to the members of British-American Business. I want to thank Peter Hunt for convening this event and for inviting me to be a part of it. I'm winding up a trip that began in Rome at the World Energy Conference where I and six of my fellow Energy Ministers from around the world shared our views on how to increase the world's energy security. Then I traveled to Turkmenistan to meet the new President and senior leaders in his government. As you may know, Turkmenistan has vast oil and gas resources and has the potential to be a significant new supplier for Europe if new export routes can be constructed and new investment made.

324

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Related Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions related to the the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD June 28, 2010 CX-002841: Categorical Exclusion Determination Texas Propane Fleet Pilot Program (Summary Categorical Exclusion) CX(s) Applied: A7, B5.1 Date: 06/28/2010 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory June 25, 2010 CX-003086: Categorical Exclusion Determination Improvement of Access Roads on the Cougar-Thurston Number 1 115-Kilovolt and the Thurston-McKenzie Number 1 115-Kilovolt Transmission Lines

325

American ProcessAlpena Biorefinery Lessons  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Breakout Session 1DBuilding Market Confidence and Understanding I: Integrated Biorefinery (Lessons Learned and Best Practices) American ProcessAlpena Biorefinery Lessons Theodora Retsina, Chief Executive Officer, America Process Inc.

326

E-Print Network 3.0 - american technology initiative Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Illinois Institute of Technology. Male Female Birthdate State... . American Indian or Alaskan Native Asian American Black or African American ... Source: Heller,...

327

E-Print Network 3.0 - african americans Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

interview. American Indian Asian Asian American Black African American Chicano Latino Hispanic White Source: California at Davis, University of - Department of Computer...

328

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown, WV * Pittsburgh, PA * Sugar Land, TX  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computational Materials Design of Computational Materials Design of Castable SX Ni-based Superalloys for IGT Blade Components-QuesTek Innovations Background Higher inlet gas temperatures in industrial gas turbines (IGTs) enable improved thermal efficiencies, but creep-the tendency of materials to deform gradually under stress-becomes more pronounced with increasing temperature. In order to raise inlet temperatures of IGTs, turbine blade materials are required to have superior creep rupture resistance. Nickel (Ni)-based single crystal (SX) blades have higher creep strength in comparison with directionally solidified blades and are widely used in aerospace engines. However, their use in IGTs, which require larger-size castings (two to three times the size needed in aerospace applications), is limited

329

Flowing Liquid Crystal Simulating the Schwarzschild Metric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how to simulate the equatorial section of the Schwarzschild metric through a flowing liquid crystal in its nematic phase. Inside a liquid crystal in the nematic phase, a traveling light ray feels an effective metric, whose properties are linked to perpendicular and parallel refractive indexes, $n_o$ e $n_e$ respectively, of the rod-like molecule of the liquid crystal. As these indexes depend on the scalar order parameter of the liquid crystal, the Beris-Edwards hydrodynamic theory is used to connect the order parameter with the velocity of a liquid crystal flow at each point. This way we calculate a radial velocity profile that simulates the equatorial section of the Schwarzschild metric, in the region outside of Schwarzschild's radius, in the nematic phase of the liquid crystal. In our model, the higher flow velocity can be of the order of some meters per second.

Erms R. Pereira; Fernando Moraes

2010-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

330

Phonon manipulation with phononic crystals.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, we demonstrated engineered modification of propagation of thermal phonons, i.e. at THz frequencies, using phononic crystals. This work combined theoretical work at Sandia National Laboratories, the University of New Mexico, the University of Colorado Boulder, and Carnegie Mellon University; the MESA fabrication facilities at Sandia; and the microfabrication facilities at UNM to produce world-leading control of phonon propagation in silicon at frequencies up to 3 THz. These efforts culminated in a dramatic reduction in the thermal conductivity of silicon using phononic crystals by a factor of almost 30 as compared with the bulk value, and about 6 as compared with an unpatterned slab of the same thickness. This work represents a revolutionary advance in the engineering of thermoelectric materials for optimal, high-ZT performance. We have demonstrated the significant reduction of the thermal conductivity of silicon using phononic crystal structuring using MEMS-compatible fabrication techniques and in a planar platform that is amenable to integration with typical microelectronic systems. The measured reduction in thermal conductivity as compared to bulk silicon was about a factor of 20 in the cross-plane direction [26], and a factor of 6 in the in-plane direction. Since the electrical conductivity was only reduced by a corresponding factor of about 3 due to the removal of conductive material (i.e., porosity), and the Seebeck coefficient should remain constant as an intrinsic material property, this corresponds to an effective enhancement in ZT by a factor of 2. Given the number of papers in literature devoted to only a small, incremental change in ZT, the ability to boost the ZT of a material by a factor of 2 simply by reducing thermal conductivity is groundbreaking. The results in this work were obtained using silicon, a material that has benefitted from enormous interest in the microelectronics industry and that has a fairly large thermoelectric power factor. In addition, the techniques and scientific understanding developed in the research can be applied to a wide range of materials, with the caveat that the thermal conductivity of such a material be dominated by phonon, rather than electron, transport. In particular, this includes several thermoelectric materials with attractive properties at elevated temperatures (i.e., greater than room temperature), such as silicon germanium and silicon carbide. It is reasonable that phononic crystal patterning could be used for high-temperature thermoelectric devices using such materials, with applications in energy scavenging via waste-heat recovery and thermoelectric cooling for high-performance microelectronic circuits. The only part of the ZT picture missing in this work was the experimental measurement of the Seebeck coefficient of our phononic crystal devices. While a first-order approximation indicates that the Seebeck coefficient should not change significantly from that of bulk silicon, we were not able to actually verify this assumption within the timeframe of the project. Additionally, with regards to future high-temperature applications of this technology, we plan to measure the thermal conductivity reduction factor of our phononic crystals as elevated temperatures to confirm that it does not diminish, given that the nominal thermal conductivity of most semiconductors, including silicon, decreases with temperature above room temperature. We hope to have the opportunity to address these concerns and further advance the state-of-the-art of thermoelectric materials in future projects.

Kim Bongsang; Hopkins, Patrick Edward; Leseman, Zayd C.; Goettler, Drew F.; Su, Mehmet F. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); El-Kady, Ihab Fathy; Reinke, Charles M.; Olsson, Roy H., III

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) October 5, 2010 DOE issued an Order and entered into a Compromise Agreement with American Power Solutions, Inc. American Power had not certified compliance with the energy conservation standards for a general service flurorescent lamp it advertised on its website as manufactured by American Power. American Power notified DOE that it does not manufacture, import, or private label this model, but instead purchases it from GE and MaxLite. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement terms between DOE and American Power. American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) More Documents & Publications Westinghouse Lighting: Order (2010-CE-09/1001) Maxlite: Order (2010-CE-2701)

332

Crystallization of niobium germanosilicate glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Niobium germanosilicate glasses are potential candidates for the fabrication of transparent glass ceramics with interesting non-linear optical properties. A series of glasses in the (Ge,Si)O{sub 2}-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-K{sub 2}O system were prepared by melting and casting and their characteristic temperatures were determined by differential thermal analysis. Progressive replacement of GeO{sub 2} by SiO{sub 2} improved the thermal stability of the glasses. Depending on the composition and the crystallization heat-treatment, different nanocrystalline phases-KNbSi{sub 2}O{sub 7}, K{sub 3}Nb{sub 3}Si{sub 2}O{sub 13} and K{sub 3.8}Nb{sub 5}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 20.4} could be obtained. The identification and characterization of these phases were performed by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The 40 GeO{sub 2}-10 SiO{sub 2}-25 Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-25 K{sub 2}O (mol%) composition presented the higher ability for volume crystallization and its nucleation temperature was determined by the Marotta's method. An activation energy for crystal growth of {approx}529 kJ/mol and a nucleation rate of 9.7x10{sup 18} m{sup -3} s{sup -1} was obtained, for this composition. Transparent glass ceramics with a crystalline volume fraction of {approx}57% were obtained after a 2 h heat-treatment at the nucleation temperature, with crystallite sizes of {approx}20 nm as determined by transmission electron microscopy. - Abstract: TEM image and XRD pattern of the glass ceramic produced (circles indicate nanocrystals).

Santos, Rodrigo [Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais/ICEMS, Instituto Superior Tecnico/TU Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Santos, Luis F., E-mail: luis.santos@ist.utl.p [Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais/ICEMS, Instituto Superior Tecnico/TU Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Almeida, Rui M. [Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais/ICEMS, Instituto Superior Tecnico/TU Lisbon, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Deubener, Joachim [Institute of Non-Metallic Materials, Clausthal University of Technology, Clausthal-Zellerfeld (Germany); Wondraczek, Lothar [Department of Materials Science, Glass and Ceramics, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

http://www.sil.si.edu/SILpublications/AfricanAmericanIndiansBibliography.pdf1 AFRICAN AMERICAN INDIANS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Tarcher/Putnam, 2002. Halliburton, R. Jr. Red Over Black: Black Slavery among the Cherokee Indians: Greenwood Press, 1977. May, Katja. African Americans and the Native Americans in the Creek and Cherokee of Cherokee Society, 1540-1866. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1979. Porter, Kenneth

Mathis, Wayne N.

334

Journal of Crystal Growth 250 (2003) 499515 Induction time in crystallization of gas hydrates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for revealing how additives in the solution that act as kinetic inhibitors of hydrate crystallization can affect to prevent hydrate crystallization. These options include heating, insulation, water removal, and the use

Firoozabadi, Abbas

335

Using textons to rank crystallization droplets by the likely presence of crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A robust and transferable algorithm is presented to objectively describe and rank robotically captured images of crystallization droplets according to their likelihood of crystalline behaviour for the efficient and accurate identification of successful crystallization.

Ng, J.T.

2014-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

336

Crystal structure and interaction dependence of the crystal-melt interfacial free energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine via molecular simulation the dependence of the crystal-melt interfacial free energy gamma on molecular interaction and crystal structure (fcc vs bcc) for systems interacting with inverse-power repulsive potentials, ...

Davidchack, R. L.; Laird, Brian Bostian

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Antimony Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Silicon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Antimony induced crystallization of PVD (physics vapor deposition) amorphous silicon can be observed on sapphire substrates. Very large crystalline regions up to several tens of micrometers can be formed. The Si diffraction patterns of the area of crystallization can be observed with TEM (transmission electron microscopy). Only a few and much smaller crystals of the order of 1?m were formed when the antimony layer was deposited by MBE (molecular beam epitaxy) compared with a layer formed by thermal evaporation. The use of high vacuum is essential in order to observe any Sb induced crystallization at all. In addition it is necessary to take measures to limit the evaporation of the antimony.

Y. Wang; H.Z. Li; C.N. Yu; G.M. Wu; I. Gordon; P. Schattschneider; O. Van Der Biest

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Stability vs. Activity: Characterizing Strontium Ruthenate Crystals...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

| Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Stability vs. Activity: Characterizing Strontium Ruthenate Crystals for Electrochemical Applications August 29, 2014 Bookmark and...

339

Book Reviews Solidification and Crystallization. Dieter M.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, grain refine- ment by inoculation, ultrasound Doppler velocimetry, laser welding, arc melting, laser cladding using a powder jet, and crystallization of a thin amorphous film. Theoretical treatments included

Regel, Liya L.

340

Automated macromolecular crystal detection system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An automated macromolecular method and system for detecting crystals in two-dimensional images, such as light microscopy images obtained from an array of crystallization screens. Edges are detected from the images by identifying local maxima of a phase congruency-based function associated with each image. The detected edges are segmented into discrete line segments, which are subsequently geometrically evaluated with respect to each other to identify any crystal-like qualities such as, for example, parallel lines, facing each other, similarity in length, and relative proximity. And from the evaluation a determination is made as to whether crystals are present in each image.

Christian, Allen T. (Tracy, CA); Segelke, Brent (San Ramon, CA); Rupp, Bernard (Livermore, CA); Toppani, Dominique (Fontainebleau, FR)

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Integrated evaluation of energy use, greenhouse gas emissions and global warming potential for sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) agroecosystems in Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The main aim of this study was to determine and discuss the aggregate of energy use and greenhouse gas emission (CO2, N2O, and CH4) for sugar beet agroecosystems in western of Iran. For this propose data was collected by using questionnaires and face to face interview with 50 farmers. Results showed that total inputs and output energy were 49517.2 and 1095360.0MJha?1, respectively. Energy use efficiency was 22.12. Total CO2, N2O and CH4 emissions due to chemical inputs were 2668.35, 22.92 and 3.49kg, respectively. In sugar beet farms total global warming potential (GWPs) was 9847.77kgCO2eqha?1. In terms of CO2 equivalents, 27% of the \\{GWPs\\} come from CO2, 72% from N2O, and 1% from CH4. In this research input and output carbon were 29340.0 and 2678.6kgCha?1, respectively. Hence, carbon efficiency ratio was 10.95.

Mohammad Yousefi; Mahmud Khoramivafa; Farzad Mondani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Biological Production of a Hydrocarbon Fuel Intermediate Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from a Process Relevant Lignocellulosic Derived Sugar (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PHAs are synthesized by many microorganisms to serve as intracellular carbon storage molecules. In some bacterial strains, PHB can account for up to 80% of cell mass. In addition to its application in the packaging sector, PHB also has great potential as an intermediate in the production of hydrocarbon fuels. PHB can be thermally depolymerized and decarboxylated to propene which can be upgraded to hydrocarbon fuels via commercial oligomerization technologies. Cupriavidus necator is the microorganism that has been most extensively studied and used for PHB production on an industrial scale; However the substrates used for producing PHB are mainly fructose, glucose, sucrose, fatty acids, glycerol, etc., which are expensive. In this study, we demonstrate production of PHB from a process relevant lignocellulosic derived sugar stream, i.e., saccharified slurry from pretreated corn stover. The strain was first investigated in shake flasks for its ability to utilize glucose, xylose and acetate. In addition, the strain was also grown on pretreated lignocellulose hydrolyzate slurry and evaluated in terms of cell growth, sugar utilization, PHB accumulation, etc. The mechanism of inhibition in the toxic hydrolysate generated by the pretreatment and saccharification process of biomass, was also studied.

Wang, W.; Mittal, A.; Mohagheghi, A.; Johnson, D. K.

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement U.S. - Canada Power System Outage Task Force: Final Report on the

344

Inelastic neutron scattering from single crystal Zn under high pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inelastic neutron-scattering experiments have been performed for single crystals of Zn under pressures up to 8.8 GPa at 300 K. The phonon modes q/qmax=?=0.075 and ?=0.10 were measured in the transverse acoustic branch ?3, where q=0 corresponds with the elastic constant C44. The phonon energy showed a substantial hardening with increasing pressure. The experimental data below 6.8 GPa for ?=0.075 yield a constant Grneisen mode ?i=-ln?i/lnV of 2.25 in good agreement with a previous calculation [H. Ledbetter, Phys. Status Solidi B 181, 81 (1994)]. Above 6.8 GPa, there is a very rapid increase of ?i which is indicative of the presence of a giant Kohn anomaly. This rapid divergence at high pressure indicates that a phonon softening may occur at pressures higher than 8.8 GPa caused by the collapse of the giant Kohn anomaly via an electronic topological transition (ETT). In an earlier Mssbauer Zn study at 4 K [W. Potzel et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1139 (1994)], a drastic drop of the Lamb-Mssbauer factor was observed at 6.6 GPa, which was interpreted as being due to phonon softening, indicating this ETT had occurred. This paper also compares the compressibility data for single crystal Zn and Zn powder using neutron scattering. The results were found to be similar to an earlier x-ray Zn powder experiment [O. Schulte et al., High Pressure Res. 6, 169 (1991)]. 1996 The American Physical Society.

J. G. Morgan; R. B. Von Dreele; P. Wochner; S. M. Shapiro

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Biofuel contribution to mitigate fossil fuel CO 2 emissions: Comparing sugar cane ethanol in Brazil with corn ethanol and discussing land use for food production and deforestation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper compares the use of sugar cane and corn for the production of ethanol with a focus on global warming and the current international debate about land use competition for food and biofuel production. The indicators used to compare the products are CO 2 emissions energy consumption sugar cane coproducts and deforestation. The life cycle emission inventory as a methodological tool is taken into account. The sustainability of socioeconomic development and the developing countries need to overcome barriers form the background against which the Brazilian government energy plans are analyzed.

Luiz Pinguelli Rosa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Refinement of the crystal structure of hydroboracite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1978) ABSTRACT The crystal structure of caysichite was determined and refined to R=0.06, using 959 independentreflec-iions; the space group is CcmZy with a 13,27(L), b 13.91(1),c 9.73G)4,. The crystal chemical formula is Ye(CagREJ...

C. Sabelli; A. Stoppioni

347

NASA's Protein Crystal Work Gets Mixed Reviews  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NASA's Protein Crystal Work Gets Mixed Reviews ... In a just released report, a National Research Council (NRC) task group agrees with NASA's critics that efforts to grow higher quality protein crystals in space have been incremental at best. ... Still, the task group offers NASA solace. ...

LOIS EMBER

2000-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

348

Communications Counterion Effects in Liquid Crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nanostructured CdS templated directly with ion-doped liquid crystals.13,14 In both cases the mesoporous solidCommunications Counterion Effects in Liquid Crystal Templating of Nanostructured CdS V. Tohver, P system, nanostructured particles consisting of alternat- ing sheets of CdS and oligomeric vinyl alcohol

Braun, Paul

349

Growth Of Oriented Crystals At Polymerized Membranes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to methods and compositions for the growth and alignment of crystals at biopolymeric films. The methods and compositions of the present invention provide means to generate a variety of dense crystalline ceramic films, with totally aligned crystals, at low temperatures and pressures, suitable for use with polymer and plastic substrates.

Charych, Deborah H. (Albany, CA), Berman, Amir (Ben-Shiva, IL)

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

350

Ames Lab 101: Single Crystal Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ames Laboratory scientist Deborah Schlagel talks about the Lab's research in growing single crystals of various metals and alloys. The single crystal samples are vital to researchers' understanding of the characteristics of a materials and what gives these materials their particular properties.

Schlagel, Deborah

2013-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

351

Supramolecular chemistry and crystal engineering ASHWINI NANGIA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Supramolecular chemistry and crystal engineering ASHWINI NANGIA School of Chemistry, University. This article traces the evolution of supramolecular chemistry and crystal engineering starting from the early of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500 046, India. e-mail: ashwini.nangia@gmail.com Advances in supramolecular chemistry

Joshi, Yogesh Moreshwar

352

Cholesteric Pitch of Lyotropic Polymer Liquid Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cholesteric Pitch of Lyotropic Polymer Liquid Crystals ... The cholesteric pitch P of semiflexible helical polymer solutions was formulated using a threaded equivalent freely jointed chain model. ... The structure of cholesteric liquid crystals is characterized by the cholesteric pitch P or the cholesteric wavenumber qc (?2?/P). ...

Takahiro Sato; Jun Nakamura; Akio Teramoto; Mark M. Green

1998-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

353

Move Over, 'American Idol'... | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Over, 'American Idol'... Over, 'American Idol'... Move Over, 'American Idol'... May 26, 2011 - 11:24am Addthis Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs The votes have been counted. America has spoken. 
The five finalists were so outstanding that no one cared Simon Cowell wasn't part of the action. 
 No, I'm not talking about Scotty McCreery, though we congratulate him as well. I'm talking about yesterday's "People's Choice Award" winner of the Department of Energy's Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research Video Contest. 

 The winning entry, "Heart of the Solution," focused on the compelling work being done by scientists at the Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) at the University of Michigan. They are fabricating new

354

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9, 2010 9, 2010 CX-003355: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act- Phase 2 - Wind Turbine for Guthrie Waste Water Treatment Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/09/2010 Location(s): Guthrie, Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 9, 2010 CX-003354: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning and Window Replacement in Administration Building CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/09/2010 Location(s): Shawnee, Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 9, 2010 CX-003353: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -

355

American Nuclear Society recognizes Roger W. Tilbrook  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American Nuclear Society recognizes Roger W. Tilbrook Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library About Nuclear Energy Nuclear Reactors Designed by Argonne Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Opportunities within NE Division Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Highlights Bookmark and Share American Nuclear Society recognizes Roger W. Tilbrook Roger W. Tilbrook, Argonne National Laboratory Nuclear Engineer Roger W. Tilbrook has been recognized for his decades of dedicated service to the American Nuclear Society.

356

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

30, 2010 30, 2010 CX-003509: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Energy Innovations Expansion of Solar Module Production Lines CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/30/2010 Location(s): Poway, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 30, 2010 CX-003506: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Quantum Solar Photovoltaic Module Manufacturing Plant CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/30/2010 Location(s): Irvine, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 30, 2010 CX-003505: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Calisolar's

357

American Samoa Power Authority | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Samoa Power Authority Samoa Power Authority Jump to: navigation, search Name American Samoa Power Authority Place American Samoa Utility Id 40429 Utility Location Yes Ownership S NERC Location AS Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=American_Samoa_Power_Authority&oldid=408977"

358

American Superconductor Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Superconductor Corporation American Superconductor Corporation Jump to: navigation, search Name American Superconductor Corporation Address 64 Jackson Road Place Devens, Massachusetts Zip 01434 Sector Efficiency Product Smart grid applications, electric infrastrucure Website http://www.amsc.com/ Coordinates 42.5296175°, -71.6294418° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.5296175,"lon":-71.6294418,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

359

American Samoa | Building Energy Codes Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American Samoa American Samoa Last updated on 2012-08-21 Commercial Residential Code Change Current Code None Statewide DOE Determination ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007: No ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010: No Current Code None Statewide DOE Determination 2009 IECC: No 2012 IECC: No Code Change Process Legislative Code Change Cycle None Timeline of Cycle None Adoption Process Standards are adopted through legislation. Background The Uniform Building Code is administered and enforced by the government public works department. Popular Links Status of State Energy Codes Status of State Energy Codes Select a state Alabama Alaska American Samoa Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Guam Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana

360

Revitalizing American Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Revitalizing American Manufacturing Revitalizing American Manufacturing Revitalizing American Manufacturing September 13, 2010 - 5:30pm Addthis A123 Systems' President David Vieau speaks with Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm at the opening of their Livonia, MI plant. The plant will develop and manufacture advanced batteries systems for electric vehicles. | Department of Energy Photo | A123 Systems' President David Vieau speaks with Energy Secretary Steven Chu and Michigan Governor Jennifer Granholm at the opening of their Livonia, MI plant. The plant will develop and manufacture advanced batteries systems for electric vehicles. | Department of Energy Photo | Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy "The Department of Energy has long been charged with accelerating energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1, 2010 1, 2010 CX-001067: Categorical Exclusion Determination Delaware State American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (T) CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 02/11/2010 Location(s): Delaware, Delaware Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 11, 2010 CX-001953: Categorical Exclusion Determination Texas State Energy Program (SEP) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) - Alternative Fuels and Technology Program - SEP CX(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 Date: 02/11/2010 Location(s): Texas Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 11, 2010 CX-001974: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program (SEP) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)

362

American Capital Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Capital Energy American Capital Energy Name American Capital Energy Address 15 Tyngsboro Rd. Suite 4A Place North Chelmsford, Massachusetts Zip 01863 Sector Solar Product solar electric systems Phone number (866) 307-5370 Website http://www.americancapitalener Coordinates 42.640998°, -71.3857514° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.640998,"lon":-71.3857514,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

363

American Wind Manufacturing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Wind Manufacturing American Wind Manufacturing American Wind Manufacturing Addthis 1 of 9 Nordex USA -- a global manufacturer of wind turbines -- delivered and installed turbine components for the Power County Wind Farm, shown here, in Idaho. Image: Nordex USA, Inc. Date taken: 2012-03-05 14:38 2 of 9 Power County Wind Farm - Power County, Idaho. Image: Nordex USA, Inc. Date taken: 2012-03-07 16:16 3 of 9 Power County Wind Farm - Power County, Idaho. Image: Nordex USA, Inc. Date taken: 2012-03-05 17:14 4 of 9 Nordex USA manufacturing facility - Jonesboro, Arkansas. Image: Nordex USA, Inc. Date taken: 2011-05-02 13:55 5 of 9 Nordex USA flagship manufacturing facility in Jonesboro, Arkansas. Image: Nordex USA, Inc. Date taken: 2011-05-02 14:11 6 of 9 Nordex USA flagship manufacturing facility in Jonesboro, Arkansas.

364

Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the American Home to someone by E-mail for the American Home to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American Home on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American Home on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American Home on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American Home on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American Home on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Building America Research for the American Home on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner With DOE Activities Solar Decathlon Building America Research Innovations Research Tools

365

Racial Narratives, Group Identity, and African-American Political Behavior  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

My dissertation seeks to advance the racial politics and political behavior literatures in American politics by focusing on the role of "racial narratives" in explaining historical changes in African-American political ...

Delehanty, William

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

366

B&W and USEC form American Centrifuge Manufacturing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group Inc (B&W TSG) and USEC Inc have formed American Centrifuge Manufacturing LLC (ACM) to provide integrated manufacturing and assembly of centrifuge machines for USEC's American Centrifuge Plant in Piketon, Ohio.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp LED Traffic Lights Get Buy American Stamp November 30, 2010 - 10:19am Addthis Red. Yellow. Green. What LED traffic signals don't say: Made...

368

Grant Guidance to Administer the American Recovery and Reinvestment...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grant Guidance to Administer the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Funding Grant Guidance to Administer the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Funding U.S....

369

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Machine and Foundry...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

the former American Machine & Foundry Co. site; January 6, 1995 VA.06-3 - AEC Letter; Johnson to American Machine & Foundry Company; concerning Source Material License No. C-3635;...

370

The Persian Gulf War's impact on Americans' political information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Does war increase Americans' normally low levels of political information? Data from the Center for Political Studies' Political Consequences of War Study, which plumbed Americans' information about the Persian Gulf

Stephen Earl Bennett

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato germplasm Hamilton et al;RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Single nucleotide polymorphism discovery in elite north american potato breeding approaches in potato rely almost entirely on phenotypic evaluations; molecular markers

Douches, David S.

372

Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

American Recovery and American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

373

American Chemical Society-Chinese Chemical Society Alliance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Chemical Society-Chinese Chemical Society Alliance ... The American Chemical Society and the Chinese Chemical Society (CCS) formed a three-year collaborative alliance in 2010 to address shared global concerns. ...

MARINDA LI WU; YAO JIANNIAN

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

374

Nucleation of solid solutions crystallizing from aqueous solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...001) with atomic force microscopy. Chem...studied with atomic force microscopy. Colloids...Sarig, S. 1993 Fundamentals of crystal growth. In Handbook of crystal growth...planetary science. In Handbook of crystal growth...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Transverse acoustic actuation of Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two methods for the transverse acoustic actuation of {110}-cut Ni-Mn-Ga single crystals are discussed. In this actuation mode, crystals are used that have the {110}- type twinning planes parallel to the base of the crystal. ...

Simon, Jesse Matthew

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Crack propagation driven by crystal growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystals that grow in confinement may exert a force on their surroundings and thereby drive crack propagation in rocks and other materials. We describe a model of crystal growth in an idealized crack geometry in which the crystal growth and crack propagation are coupled through the stress in the surrounding bulk solid. Subcritical crack propagation takes place during a transient period, which may be very long, during which the crack velocity is limited by the kinetics of crack propagation. When the crack is sufficiently large, the crack velocity becomes limited by the kinetics of crystal growth. The duration of the subcritical regime is determined by two non-dimensional parameters, which relate the kinetics of crack propagation and crystal growth to the supersaturation of the fluid and the elastic properties of the surrounding material.

A. Royne; Paul Meaking; A. Malthe-Sorenssen; B. Jamtveit; D. K. Dysthe

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

THE TWO STAGE CRYSTAL COLLIMATOR FOR RHIC.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of a two stage crystal collimation system in the RHIC yellow ring is examined. The system includes a copper beam scraper and a bent silicon crystal. While scrapers were installed in both of the RHIC rings before the year 2000 run, the crystal is installed for the 2001 run in one ring only, forming a two stage collimation system there. We present simulations of the expected channeling through the bent silicon crystal for both protons and gold ions with various beam parameters. This gives a picture of the particle losses around the ring, and the expected channeling efficiency. These results are then used to optimize the beam parameters in the area of the crystal to obtain maximum channeling efficiency, minimize out-scattering in the secondary collimator, and reduce beam halo.

FLILLER, R.P. III; DREES, A.; GASSNER, D.; HAMMONS, L.; MCINTYRE, G.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; BIRYUKOV, V.; CHESNOKOV, Y.; TEREKHOV, V.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

378

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4, 2009 financial assistance 4, 2009 financial assistance Special provisions relating to work funded under American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Mar 2009) [Prescription: This clause must be included in all grants, cooperative agreements and TIAs (new or amended) when funds appropriated under the Recovery Act are obligated to the agreement.] Preamble The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111-5, (Recovery Act) was enacted to preserve and create jobs and promote economic recovery, assist those most impacted by the recession, provide investments needed to increase economic efficiency by spurring technological advances in science and health, invest in transportation, environmental protection, and other infrastructure that will provide long-

379

Mexican American city officials in Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science MEXICAN AMERICAN CITY OFFICIALS IN TEXAS A Thesis by ADRIAN ARON ARRIAGA Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of Committee Mem r Member August 1973 ABSTRACT Nex1can Amer1can City Offic1als 1n Texas. (August 1973) Adrian Aron...MEXICAN AMERICAN CITY OFFICIALS IN TEXAS A Thesis ADRIAN ARON ARRIAGA Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the reoui rement for the degree of MASTER OF APTS August 1973 Major Subject: Political...

Arriaga, Adrian Aron

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

380

American Samoa Initial Technical Assessment Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is an initial energy assessment for American Samoa, the first of many steps in developing a comprehensive energy strategy. On March 1, 2010, Assistant Secretary of the Interior Tony Babauta invited governors and their staff from the Interior Insular Areas to meet with senior principals at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Meeting discussions focused on ways to improve energy efficiency and increase the deployment of renewable energy technologies in the U.S. Pacific Territories. In attendance were Governors Felix Camacho (Guam), Benigno Fitial (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands), and Togiola Tulafono, (American Samoa). This meeting brought together major stakeholders to learn and understand the importance of developing a comprehensive strategic plan for implementing energy efficiency measures and renewable energy technologies. For several decades, dependence on fossil fuels and the burden of high oil prices have been a major concern but never more at the forefront as today. With unstable oil prices, the volatility of fuel supply and the economic instability in American Samoa, energy issues are a high priority. In short, energy security is critical to American Samoa's future economic development and sustainability. Under an interagency agreement, funded by the Department of Interior's Office of Insular Affairs, NREL was tasked to deliver technical assistance to the islands of American Samoa. Technical assistance included conducting an initial technical assessment to define energy consumption and production data, establish an energy consumption baseline, and assist with the development of a strategic plan. The assessment and strategic plan will be used to assist with the transition to a cleaner energy economy. NREL provided an interdisciplinary team to cover each relevant technical area for the initial energy assessments. Experts in the following disciplines traveled to American Samoa for on-island site assessments: (1) Energy Efficiency and Building Technologies; (2) Integrated Wind-Diesel Generation; (3) Transmission and Distribution; (4) Solar Technologies; and (5) Biomass and Waste-to-Energy. In addition to these core disciplines, team capabilities also included expertise in program analysis, project financing, energy policy and energy planning. The intent of the technical assessment was to provide American Samoa with a baseline energy assessment. From the baseline, various scenarios and approaches for deploying cost effective energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies could be created to meet American Samoa's objectives. The information provided in this energy assessment will be used as input in the development of a draft strategic plan and the development of scenarios and strategies for deploying cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable products.

Busche, S.; Conrad, M.; Funk, K.; Kandt, A.; McNutt, P.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Factors Associated with Hepatitis B Testing Among Vietnamese Americans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Virginia, and Seattle/King County, WA. 17 This articleVietnamese Americans in King County, WA, three counties in

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Fuel Cell Manufacturing: American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation on fuel cell manufacturing by Sunita Satyapal at the American Energy and Manufacturing Competitiveness Summit on December 12, 2013.

383

American Red Cross VOLUNTEER SERVICE AGREEMENT FOR DISASTER OPERATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

American Red Cross VOLUNTEER SERVICE AGREEMENT FOR DISASTER OPERATIONS I and maintenance costs will be reimbursed by the American Red Cross, pursuant to Staff Reimbursement Procedures the American Red Cross while I am performing disaster relief work. Furthermore, I understand and accept that

Wu, Shin-Tson

384

AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

! ! ! AN EXAMINATION OF WOOD RECYCLING PROVISIONS IN NORTH AMERICAN GREEN BUILDING PROGRAMS DR. JIM in North American Green Building Programs Introduction Recycled content is a prominent aspect of many North American green building standards, with use of such materials awarded or specified. Construction

385

TruLifesaver American Heart Association Basic Life Support Course  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TruLifesaver American Heart Association Basic Life Support Course The Truman Institute P: 660 concepts of high-quality CPR · The American Heart Association Chain of Survival · Differences between Cost includes all instruction, materials and two year certification with the American Heart Association

Gering, Jon C.

386

OPTICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF CERAMIC CRYSTAL LASER MATERIALS.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Historically ceramic crystal laser material has had disadvantages compared to single crystal laser material. However, progress has been made in the last decade and a (more)

Simmons, Jed

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Water structure associated with proteins and its role in crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water molecules occupy well determined sites inside or at the surface of biological macromolecules. On crystallization some of these waters are either desolvated or involved in crystal packing.

Frey, M.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Crystallization screening: the influence of history on current practice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rich history of crystallization and how that history influences current practices is described. The tremendous impact of crystallization screens on the field is discussed.

Luft, J.R.

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

389

Effect of pressure on the crystal structure of ettringite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K.L. Scrivener, Delayed ettringite formation, Cement andCrystal Structure of Ettringite, Nature 218 (1968) 1048-in crystal structure of ettringite on dehydration 2. Cement

Clark, Simon M.; Colas, Bruno; Kunz, Martin; Speziale, Sergio; Monteiro, Paulo J.M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Engineering of a high-throughput screening system to identify cellulosic biomass, pretreatments, and enzyme formulations that enhance sugar release  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Engineering Engineering of a High-Throughput Screening System to Identify Cellulosic Biomass, Pretreatments, and Enzyme Formulations That Enhance Sugar Release Michael H. Studer, Jaclyn D. DeMartini, Simone Brethauer, Heather L. McKenzie, Charles E. Wyman Chemical and Environmental Engineering Department, Center for Environmental Research and Technology, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California Riverside, 1084 Columbia Avenue, Riverside, California 92507; telephone: þ951-781-5791; fax: þ951-781-5790; e-mail: charles.wyman@ucr.edu Received 7 April 2009; revision received 21 August 2009; accepted 31 August 2009 Published online 3 September 2009 in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/bit.22527 ABSTRACT: The recalcitrance of cellulosic biomass, the only abundant, sustainable feedstock for making liquid fuels, is a primary

391

The synthesis and origin of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II … insights from nucleotide sugar formation and diversity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARTICLE ARTICLE published: 11 May 2012 doi: 10.3389/fpls.2012.00092 The synthesis and origin of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan II - insights from nucleotide sugar formation and diversity Maor Bar-Peled 1 *, Breeanna R. Urbanowicz 2 and Malcolm A. O'Neill 2 1 Department of Plant Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA 2 Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA Edited by: Seth DeBolt, University of Kentucky, USA Reviewed by: Henrik Scheller, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA Jesper Harholt, University of Copenhagen, Denmark *Correspondence: Maor Bar-Peled , Department of Plant Biology, Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA. e-mail: peled@ccrc.uga.edu There is compelling evidence showing that the structurally

392

PAFC fed by biogas produced by the anaerobic fermentation of the waste waters of a beet-sugar refinery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beet-washing waters of a beet-sugar refinery carry a high COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand), and their conditioning to meet legal constraints before disposal considerably contributes to the operation costs of the refinery. Their fermentation in an anaerobic digestor could instead produce readily disposable non-polluting waters, fertilizers and biogas, useful to feed a phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) heat and power generator system. A real refinery case is considered in this work, where the electrical characteristics V = V(I) of a laboratory PAFC stack, fueled with a dry simulated reforming gas (having the same H{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} content as the biogas obtainable by the above said anaerobic digestion), are determined. The encouraging results show that a possible market niche for fuel cells, in the food-industry waste partial recovery and residual disposal, deserves attention.

Ascoli, A.; Elias, G. [Univ. Diegli Studi di Milano (Italy); Bigoni, L. [CISE Tecnologie Innovative S.p.A., Segrate (Italy); Giachero, R. [Du Pont Pharma Italia, Firenze (Italy)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

American Indians, American Imperialism, and Defying Empire at Home and Abroad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the expression of an Indian point of view. 10 One of the keyof Eddleman?s points about Indian Territory by writing, raised this point to indicate that American Indians did not

Miller, Robert

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

E-Print Network 3.0 - american raptor american Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science,Vol. 76 (1997) 113 EFFECTS OF WIND TURBINES ON NESTING Summary: -tailed hawks, northern harri- ers, and American kestrels...

395

Greenhouse gasses emissions and energy balances of a non-vertically integrated sugar and ethanol supply chain: A case study in Argentina  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to address society's concerns regarding the sustainability of sugar and ethanol production and use, this paper calculates the energy and greenhouse gasses (GHG) emissions' balances of a non-vertically integrated sugarcane industry in Tucumn-Argentina. The essential operations involved in the sugar/ethanol production cycle were taken into account. Results show that this industry generated an energy balance of 3.4:1. GHG emissions during sugarcane production were 1824 and 2231kg CO2eq. ha?1 year?1 for low and middle to high farms' technological levels, respectively. The mill process emitted 1187kg CO2eq. ha?1 year?1. The main factors influencing these balances were gas-oil and nitrogen fertilizers used in the agricultural stage, natural gas consumed by the sugar mill, and sugarcane burning (only for GHG balance). The impact of ethanol use in reducing GHG emissions under the current production scheme (6.8Mgha?1 of sugar+380.9kgha?1 of ethanol), in final blends of 95% gasoline and 5% ethanol in vehicles, is negligible. A sensitivity analysis indicates that switching to 100% bagasse used as fuel in mill's boilers, ethanol being produced directly from sugarcane juice, and a final blend of 90% gasoline and 10% ethanol, an amount of 1746kg CO2eq. ha?1 year?1 of GHG emissions could be avoided.

Martn M. Acreche; Alejandro H. Valeiro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Arg-52 in the Melibiose Carrier ofEscherichia coli Is Important for Cation-Coupled Sugar Transport and Participates in an Intrahelical Salt Bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Evidence for a salt bridge has been presented...channel (), the H ATPase of Saccharomyces...intrahelical salt bridge in UhpT, the sugar...Escherichia coli. . H. Hama T. H. Wilson...Hwang C. Hansen T. H. Wilson Possible salt bridges between transmembrane...

Peter J. Franco; T. Hastings Wilson

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

American Public Opinion on Global Warming in the American States: An In-Depth Study of Florida, Maine, and Massachusetts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 American Public Opinion on Global Warming in the American States: An In-Depth Study of Florida Public Opinion on Global Warming in the American States: An In-Depth Study of Florida, Maine warming has been happening � What might have caused global warming � Whether global warming

Ford, Andrew

398

Proceedings of the 2005 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright 2005, American Society for Engineering Education  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the 2005 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition the temperature range 300 ­ 1500 K. The libraries include fuel matrix, cladding, #12;Proceedings of the 2005 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition Copyright © 2005, American

Deinert, Mark

399

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 themes were: 1. softwood market developments, and 2. wood energy and wood mobilization. The main

400

The Population Status The American Alligator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carolina by Thomas M. Murphy A Publication of the Savannah River Plant National Environmental Research Park'S SAVANNAH RIVER PLANT NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH PARK Copies may be obtained from Savannah River Ecology Laboratory #12;- The Population Status of the American Alligator on the Savannah River Plant, South Carolina

Georgia, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yangtze Patrol: American Naval Forces in China A Selected, Partially-Annotated Bibliography literature of the United States Navy in China. mvh #12;"Like Chimneys in Summer" The thousands of men who served on the China Station before World War II have been all but forgotten, except in the mythology

402

NREL North American Solar Radiation Atlas (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation is about NREL's North American Solar Radiation Atlas, which currently includes 48 states (Alaska and Hawaii to be added in the future). It discusses the goals of the Atlas which are to: deliver basic solar performance estimates to general users, deliver a wide variety of additional information to more advanced users, be easy to use, full featured, and extensible.

George, R; Gray-Hann, P.

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

California Native American Day9th Celebration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Resource Management and Planning, Office of the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs, Student Educational:30­8pm Cross-Cultural Center, Comunidad Room Native American Graduate School Information Workshop & Dinner Hosted by Office of Graduate Studies (OGS) Thursday, November 6 · 5­7pm Cross-Cultural Center

Buckingham, Michael

404

American Heart Month National High Blood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEBRUARY American Heart Month MAY National High Blood Pressure Education Month SEPTEMBER National Cholesterol Education Month Texas AgriLife Extension Service Texas A&M University System Eat Smart for Heart-1 Eat Smart for Heart Health - Cholesterol/Saturated Fat # P3-2 Cardiovascular Disease Statistics # P3

405

American Heart Month National High Blood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEBRUARY American Heart Month MAY National High Blood Pressure Education Month SEPTEMBER National Cholesterol Education Month Texas AgriLife Extension Service Texas A&M University System Eat Smart for Heart for Heart Health # P2-2 Risk Factors - High Blood Pressure # P2-3 Sodium is needed to. . . # P2-4 Sources

406

American Heart Month National High Blood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FEBRUARY American Heart Month MAY National High Blood Pressure Education Month SEPTEMBER National Cholesterol Education Month Texas AgriLife Extension Service Texas A&M University System Eat Smart for Heart Health Heart Health - Lesson 1 Contents: Lesson - Heart Health Power Point # P1-1 Eat Smart for Heart

407

ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN POTATO CULTIVARSl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1991) 767 ELECTROPHORETIC CHARACTERIZATION OF NORTH AMERICAN POTATO CULTIVARSl D. S. Douches identify potato cultivars. Both leafand tuber tissue were sampled in thirteen enzyme systems. Two buffer means to discriminate sexually-derived potato cultivars. Compendio Se analizaron un total de 112

Douches, David S.

408

INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION Retrospective View of North American Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Breeding in the 20, Madison, Wisconsin, 53706 ABSTRACT Cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum L.), a vegetatively propagated explore the effects of potato breeding at the genome level, we used 8303 single-nucleotide polymorphism

Douches, David S.

409

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...population. In. the United States there were 33,878 reported...commercial relationis of the United States with Spain and her colonies...all over the Spanish territory of the American cereals...products required in the United States. Mr. George F. Kunz...

1884-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

410

METEOROLOGICAL Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Foundation.36 37 #12;2 Capsule Summary1 The Community Earth System Model provides the research for earth system15 studies, making it a true community tool. Here we describe this earth system model, its16 at the above DOI once it is available. © 2013 American Meteorological Society #12;1 The Community Earth System

411

Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Comments of North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to DOE Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges Response to the Department of Energy's ("DOE") Request for Information (RFI) regarding the "Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges." The North American Electric Reliability Corporation's ("NERC") Reliability Assessment and Performance Analysis Group ("RAPA") is currently developing a report, entitled "Reliability Consideration from Integration of Smart Grid" that will address many of the issues raised in the DOE RFI. North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)

412

Executive Order 13592: Improving American Indian and Alaska Native  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

592: Improving American Indian and Alaska Native 592: Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities (2011) Executive Order 13592: Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities (2011) Superseded EO 13021 to ensure that all American Indian students, regardless of which institution they attend, receive support from the federal government at elementary through college levels. This EO also creates an Interagency Working Group on AI/AN Education to establish educational goals across the government. Executive Order 13592: Improving American Indian and Alaska Native Educational Opportunities and Strengthening Tribal Colleges and Universities (2011) More Documents & Publications

413

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report The following information represents a partial sequence of events based upon Reliability Coordinator information available to NERC. It is not clear if these events caused the event or were a consequence of other events. NERC is establishing teams to study the event and will coordinate with FERC, DOE, the industry and others. NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRIC RELIABILITY COUNCIL: Preliminary Disturbance Report More Documents & Publications North American Electric Reliability Council Power Outage Update Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations

414

NMR and NQR parameters of ethanol crystal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric field gradients and chemical shielding tensors of the stable monoclinic crystal phase of ethanol are computed. The projector-augmented wave (PAW) and gauge-including projector-augmented wave (GIPAW) models in the periodic plane-wave density functional theory are used. The crystal data from X-ray measurements, as well as the structures where either all atomic, or only hydrogen atom positions are optimized in the density functional theory are analyzed. These structural models are also studied by including the semi-empirical Van der Waals correction to the density functional theory. Infrared spectra of these five crystal models are calculated.

Milinkovic, M

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Novel photonic crystal cavities and related structures.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key accomplishment of this project is to achieve a much more in-depth understanding of the thermal emission physics of metallic photonic crystal through theoretical modeling and experimental measurements. An improved transfer matrix technique was developed to enable incorporation of complex dielectric function. Together with microscopic theory describing emitter radiative and non-radiative relaxation dynamics, a non-equilibrium thermal emission model is developed. Finally, experimental methodology was developed to measure absolute emissivity of photonic crystal at high temperatures with accuracy of +/-2%. Accurate emissivity measurements allow us to validate the procedure to treat the effect of the photonic crystal substrate.

Luk, Ting Shan

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Cold neutron scattering in imperfect deuterium crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The differential cross sections for cold neutron scattering in mosaic deuterium crystals have been calculated for various target temperatures. The theoretical results are compared with the recent experimental data for the neutron wavelengths $\\lambda\\approx$~1--9~\\AA. It is shown that the structures of observed Bragg peaks can be explained by the mosaic spread of about $3^{\\circ}$ and contributions from a~limited number of crystal orientations. Such a~crystal structure should be also taken into account in ultracold neutron upscattering due to the coherent phonon annihilation in solid deuterium.

Andrzej Adamczak

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

417

Absence of Wigner crystallization in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene, a single sheet of graphite, has attracted tremendous attention due to recent experiments which demonstrate that carriers in it are described by massless fermions with linear dispersion. In this Brief Report, we consider the possibility of Wigner crystallization in graphene in the absence of an external magnetic field. We show that the ratio of potential and kinetic energy is independent of the carrier density, the tuning parameter that usually drives Wigner crystallization, and find that for given material parameters (dielectric constant and Fermi velocity), Wigner crystallization is not possible. We comment on how these results change in the presence of a strong external magnetic field.

Hari P. Dahal; Yogesh N. Joglekar; Kevin S. Bedell; Alexander V. Balatsky

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

418

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables August 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Energy and climate change will be an important element of the trilateral discussions at the North American Leaders Summit, to be held in Guadalajara, Mexico, on August 9-10, 2009. Building on the work of the North American Energy Working Group, established in 2001 by the Energy Secretaries and Minister of the United States, Mexico and Canada, deliverables to announce at the Leaders Summit will include: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) North American Carbon Capture and Storage Partnership: The three nations have committed to produce a North American Carbon Atlas that will result in uniform mapping methodology and data sharing in the

419

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales September 10, 2010 - 4:56pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy formally closed its investigation into whether sales to recipients of the Department's Energy Efficiency Community Block Grants by two California companies, US Lighting Tech and American Induction Technologies, Inc., complied with the Buy American provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). As part of its investigation, the Department engaged a lighting industry expert who reviewed data submitted by the two companies and made site visits to inspect the companies' manufacturing processes. The Department has concluded that the sales were consistent with ARRA's Buy American

420

American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) October 5, 2010 DOE issued an Order and entered into a Compromise Agreement with American Power Solutions, Inc. American Power had not certified compliance with the energy conservation standards for a general service flurorescent lamp it advertised on its website as manufactured by American Power. American Power notified DOE that it does not manufacture, import, or private label this model, but instead purchases it from GE and MaxLite. The Order adopted a Compromise Agreement, which reflected settlement terms between DOE and American Power. American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) More Documents & Publications Westinghouse Lighting: Order (2010-CE-09/1001) Philips: Order (2012-SE-2605) Simkar: Order (2012-SE-5408)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month May 1, 2013 - 9:25am Addthis A Presidential Proclamation - Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA A PROCLAMATION Each May, our Nation comes together to recount the ways Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) helped forge our country. We remember a time 170 years ago, when Japanese immigrants first set foot on American shores and opened a path for millions more. We remember 1869, when Chinese workers laid the final ties of the transcontinental railroad after years of backbreaking labor. And we remember Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders

422

Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Financial Opportunities Financial Opportunities Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Project Awards on AddThis.com... Current Opportunities Related Opportunities Funded Projects

423

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Native American Wind Interest Group  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind Interest Group Newsletter Wind Interest Group Newsletter Wind Powering America initiated a quarterly Native American Wind Interest Group (NAWIG) Newsletter that was published from 2003 to 2009 as part of its Native American outreach plan. It presented Native American wind information, including projects, interviews with pioneers, issues, Wind Powering America activities, and related events. It was Wind Powering America's hope that this newsletter would both inform and elicit comments and input on wind development in Indian Country. Due to funding cutbacks, the newsletter is no longer in production. Native American Wind Interest Group Newsletter, Fall 2009. Native American Wind Interest Group Newsletter Fall 2009 Native American Wind Interest Group Newsletter, Spring 2009. Native American Wind Interest Group Newsletter

424

Launching the American Indian Research and Education Initiative |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Launching the American Indian Research and Education Initiative Launching the American Indian Research and Education Initiative Launching the American Indian Research and Education Initiative July 27, 2011 - 5:22pm Addthis Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director What are the key facts? The Energy Department has began a unique partnership between the American Indian Higher Education Consortium and the American Indian Science and Engineering Society to bring science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) research and education funding to American Indian students at our Nation's Tribal Colleges and Universities and other universities. American Indian communities are uniquely situated in the matrix of energy production and energy use. Tribal lands are often repositories of coal, oil and uranium, and have tremendous untapped energy potential in wind,

425

American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island American Samoa's Rebate Program Brings ENERGY STAR to Island August 13, 2010 - 12:00pm Addthis American Samoa is located in the South Pacific Ocean, with temperature around 80 degrees year round. | Photo courtesy of Maleleg American Samoa is located in the South Pacific Ocean, with temperature around 80 degrees year round. | Photo courtesy of Maleleg Lindsay Gsell American Samoa, a small island of 66,000 residents in the Pacific Ocean, is a warm 80 degrees almost year round, but during the summer, the humidity can make it feel downright hot. Because of its remote location, appliances and electricity are costly - and until recently, home air conditioning units were fairly rare. Now thanks to a $100,000 grant through the American Recovery and

426

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables North American Leaders Summit: Energy Deliverables August 10, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Energy and climate change will be an important element of the trilateral discussions at the North American Leaders Summit, to be held in Guadalajara, Mexico, on August 9-10, 2009. Building on the work of the North American Energy Working Group, established in 2001 by the Energy Secretaries and Minister of the United States, Mexico and Canada, deliverables to announce at the Leaders Summit will include: CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) North American Carbon Capture and Storage Partnership: The three nations have committed to produce a North American Carbon Atlas that will result in uniform mapping methodology and data sharing in the

427

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales Energy Department Closes Buy American Investigation into Lighting Sales September 10, 2010 - 4:56pm Addthis Today, the Department of Energy formally closed its investigation into whether sales to recipients of the Department's Energy Efficiency Community Block Grants by two California companies, US Lighting Tech and American Induction Technologies, Inc., complied with the Buy American provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). As part of its investigation, the Department engaged a lighting industry expert who reviewed data submitted by the two companies and made site visits to inspect the companies' manufacturing processes. The Department has concluded that the sales were consistent with ARRA's Buy American

428

U.S. Department of Energy Tribal Summit with American Indian and Alaska Native Leaders  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tribal Summit with Tribal Summit with American Indian and Alaska Native Leaders Winning Our Energy Future Crystal Gateway Marriott * 1700 Jefferson Davis Highway* Arlington, Virginia May 4-5, 2011 May 4, 2011 Pre-Summit Programmatic Roundtables with Tribal Elected Leadership (Closed to Press) 8:30 - 9:30 Registration and Continental Breakfast (Outside the Grand Ballroom) 9:30 - 10:00 Invocation, Welcome, and Remarks from DOE Salons V & VI * Arun Majumdar, ARPA-E Director and Senior Advisor to the Secretary Neile Miller, Principal Deputy Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration Tracey LeBeau, Director, Office of Indian Energy 10:00 - 12:00 Concurrent Roundtable Discussions with Tribal Elected Leadership and DOE

429

CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY OF HYDROUS MINERALS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen has long been appreciated for its role in geological processes of the Earth's crust. However, its role in Earth's deep interior has been neglected in most geophysical thinking. Yet it is now believed that most of our planet's hydrogen may be locked up in high pressure phases of hydrous silicate minerals within the Earth's mantle. This rocky interior (approximately 7/8 of Earth's volume) is conjectured to contain 1-2 orders of magnitude more water than the more obvious oceans (the ''hydrosphere'') and atmosphere. This project is aimed at using the capability of neutron scattering from hydrogen to study the crystal chemistry and stability of hydrogen-bearing minerals at high pressures and temperatures. At the most basic level this is a study of the atomic position and hydrogen bond itself. We have conducted experimental runs on hydrous minerals under high pressure and high temperature conditions. The crystallographic structure of hydrous minerals at extreme conditions and its structural stability, and hydrogen bond at high P-T conditions are the fundamental questions to be addressed. The behavior of the hydrous minerals in the deep interior of the Earth has been discussed.

Y. ZHAO; ET AL

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

JX Crystals Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

JX Crystals Inc JX Crystals Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name JX Crystals Inc Place Issaquah, Washington State Zip 98027 Sector Solar Product JX Crystals designs and manufactures thermophotovoltaic gallium-antimonide cells for solar applications. Coordinates 47.530095°, -122.033799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.530095,"lon":-122.033799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

431

Styrene Purification and Recovery Using Freeze Crystallization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lab tests have demonstrated the ability to separate styrene from ABS and SAN plastics wastes by cooling the waste until the styrene begins to crystallize. The same process that recovers styrene from these wastes can be used to purify styrene...

Heist, J. A.; Wrobel, P. J.

432

The Crystal Method: Asteroseismology of BPM 37093  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

More than 40 years have passed since Ed Salpeter and others predicted that the carbon/oxygen cores of the coolest white dwarf stars in our Galaxy will theoretically crystallize. This effect has a dramatic impact on the calculated ages of cool white dwarfs, but until recently we have had no way of testing the theory. In 1992, pulsations were discovered in the massive potentially crystallized white dwarf BPM 37093, and in 1999 the theoretical effects of crystallization on the pulsation modes were determined. Observations from two Whole Earth Telescope campaigns in 1998 and 1999, combined with a new model-fitting method using a genetic algorithm, are now giving us the first glimpse inside of a crystallized star.

T. S. Metcalfe; M. H. Montgomery; A. Kanaan

2004-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

433

Squeezed state generation in photonic crystal microcavities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Squeezed state generation in photonic crystal microcavities M. G. Banaee, Jeff F. Young Department, G. C. Aers, R. L. Williams, "Resonant scattering and second-harmonic spectroscopy of planar

Young, Jeff

434

Photo-responsive liquid crystal block copolymers/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photo-responsive liquid crystal polymers (LCP) which contain azobenzene moieties have gained interest for their ability to change properties by merely irradiating them with the correct wavelength of light in the appropriate ...

Petr, Michael Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Neutron detection with single crystal organic scintillators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detection of high-energy neutrons in the presence of gamma radiation background utilizes pulse-shape discrimination (PSD) phenomena in organics studied previously only with limited number of materials, mostly liquid scintillators and single crystal stilbene. The current paper presents the results obtained with broader varieties of luminescent organic single crystals. The studies involve experimental tools of crystal growth and material characterization in combination with the advanced computer modeling, with the final goal of better understanding the relevance between the nature of the organic materials and their PSD properties. Special consideration is given to the factors that may diminish or even completely obscure the PSD properties in scintillating crystals. Among such factors are molecular and crystallographic structures that determine exchange coupling and exciton mobility in organic materials and the impurity effect discussed on the examples of trans-stilbene, bibenzyl, 9,10-diphenylanthracene and diphenylacetylene.

Zaitseva, N; Newby, J; Hamel, S; Carman, L; Faust, M; Lordi, V; Cherepy, N; Stoeffl, W; Payne, S

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

436

Nanoparticle-chiral nematic liquid crystal composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advancement of the fabrication of a one-dimensional photonic crystal without time-reversal and space-inversion symmetries was pursued. Theoretical studies predict that such a system would exhibit unusual optical ...

Payne, Jeffrey C. (Jeffrey Christopher), 1981-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Photonic crystals : from theory to practice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, we explore the design, computation, and analysis of photonic crystals, with a special emphasis on structures and devices that make a connection with practically realizable systems. First, we analyze the ...

Johnson, Steven G., 1973-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Goethite liquid crystals and magnetic field effects.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this thesis the liquid crystal phase behavior of colloidal, boardlike, goethite (alpha-FeOOH) particles is described. Apart from the nematic phase, a smectic A phase (more)

Pol, E. van den

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Illusory spirals and loops in crystal growth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...spirals and loops in crystal growth 10.1073/pnas.1311637110 Alexander G. Shtukenberg Zina Zhu Zhihua An Misha Bhandari Pengcheng Song Bart Kahr Michael D. Ward Molecular Design Institute and Department of Chemistry, New York University, New York...

Alexander G. Shtukenberg; Zina Zhu; Zhihua An; Misha Bhandari; Pengcheng Song; Bart Kahr; Michael D. Ward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Crystallization of carbon tetrachloride in confined geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Crystallization of carbon tetrachloride in confined geometries Adil Meziane1 , Jean-Pierre E 40 71 08 #12;2 Abstract The thermal behaviour of carbon tetrachloride confined in silica gels

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Chapter 6 - Electronic Properties of Selected Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter we give a brief survey of the electronic structure of some crystals of particular interest from a fundamental or technological point of view; the focus is not on the properties of single specific crystals, but rather on the trends in similar compounds. We begin with the description of rare-gas solids, which are large gap insulators formed by weakly interacting closed-shell neutral atoms. We then describe ionic crystals, constituted by strongly interacting closed-shell ions. In the discussion of crystals made up by open-shell units, we consider typical examples of covalent semiconductors and of the metallic bond. We also describe some electronic features of carbon allotropes, with particular attention to Dirac points in the band structure of graphene.

Giuseppe Grosso; Giuseppe Pastori Parravicini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Model of the Kinetics of Polymorphous Crystallization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose a phase-field model for the kinetics of isothermal crystallization of an amorphous solid at a concentration nearly equal to the equilibrium crystal stochiometry. The model utilizes two coupled fields: a nonconserved ordering vector field which describes the local lattice structure and a conserved nonordering scalar field describing the local atomic composition. Results of large-scale computer simulations are reported which can be compared with experiments.

B. Morin; K. R. Elder; M. Sutton; Martin Grant

1995-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

443

Skyrme and Wigner crystals in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At low energy, the band structure of graphene can be approximated by two degenerate valleys (K,K?) about which the electronic spectra of the valence and conduction bands have linear dispersion relations. An electronic state in this band spectrum is a linear superposition of states from the A and B sublattices of the honeycomb lattice of graphene. In a quantizing magnetic field, the band spectrum is split into Landau levels with level N=0 having zero weight on the B(A) sublattice for the K(K?) valley. Treating the valley index as a pseudospin and assuming the real spins to be fully polarized, we compute the energy of Wigner and Skyrme crystals in the Hartree-Fock approximation. We show that Skyrme crystals have lower energy than Wigner crystals (WCs), i.e., crystals with no pseudospin texture in some range of filling factor ? around integer fillings. The collective mode spectrum of the valley-skyrmion crystal has three linearly dispersing Goldstone modes in addition to the usual phonon mode, while a WC has only one extra Goldstone mode with a quadratic dispersion. We comment on how these modes should be affected by disorder and how, in principle, a microwave absorption experiment could distinguish between Wigner and Skyrme crystals.

R. Ct; J.-F. Jobidon; H. A. Fertig

2008-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

444

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6, 2011 6, 2011 CX-005433: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority Large System Application Request N CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 03/16/2011 Location(s): Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office March 16, 2011 CX-005429: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -Solid Waste Authority of Central Ohio CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 03/16/2011 Location(s): Grove City, Ohio Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office March 16, 2011 CX-005425: Categorical Exclusion Determination Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant - Brookhaven New York: Henrietta Acampora Recreation Center

445

2003 American Solar Challenge Official Starting Lineup  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Solar Challenge Official Starting Lineup American Solar Challenge Official Starting Lineup Starting Team Car # Time 9:00 Kansas State University 28 9:01 University of Minnesota 35 9:02 University of Missouri - Rolla 42 9:03 University of Missouri - Columbia 43 9:04 University of Toronto 11 9:05 University of Waterloo 24 9:06 North Dakota State University 22 9:07 Auburn University 7 9:08 CalSol 254 9:09 Principia College 32 9:10 Queen's University 100 9:11 Western Michigan University 786 9:12 Purdue University 314 9:13 University of Pennsylvania 76 9:14 Iowa State University 9 9:15 Texas A&M University 12 9:16 McGill University 66 9:17 University of Arizona 8 9:18 Stanford University 16 9:19 California Polytechnic State University - SLO 5

446

Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Frequency Instability Problems in Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections May 1, 2011 DOE/NETL-2011/1473 Frequency Instability Problems in North American Interconnections Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

447

American Renewables LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Renewables LLC American Renewables LLC Place Boston, Massachusetts Sector Biomass Product US developer of biomass-fueled power generating facilities. Coordinates 42.358635°, -71.056699° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.358635,"lon":-71.056699,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

448

American River Ventures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American River Ventures American River Ventures Place Roseville, California Sector Efficiency Product Early-stage venture capital firm, ARV invests in new technologies which provide a platform for a sustainable future, specifically, energy efficiency, energy intelligence and advanced materials. Coordinates 41.865599°, -76.958585° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.865599,"lon":-76.958585,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

449

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9, 2010 9, 2010 CX-001081: Categorical Exclusion Determination State of Montana Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (T) CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 02/09/2010 Location(s): Montana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 9, 2010 CX-001082: Categorical Exclusion Determination State of New Hampshire Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (T) CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B5.1 Date: 02/09/2010 Location(s): New Hampshire, New Hampshire Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office February 9, 2010 CX-001088: Categorical Exclusion Determination City of New York American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (S)

450

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7, 2010 7, 2010 CX-002885: Categorical Exclusion Determination Abandonment and Closure of Domestic Wells 905-89G and 905-56G CX(s) Applied: B1.27 Date: 05/27/2010 Location(s): Aiken, South Carolina Office(s): Environmental Management, Savannah River Operations Office May 27, 2010 CX-002536: Categorical Exclusion Determination American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Green Industry Business Development Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05/27/2010 Location(s): Chicago, Illinois Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office May 27, 2010 CX-002538: Categorical Exclusion Determination Tangent Grant Application for American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Business Development Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 05/27/2010 Location(s): Aurora, Illinois Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

451

EMSL: Capabilities: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

EMSL Procurements under Recovery Act EMSL Procurements under Recovery Act Additional Information Investing in Innovation: EMSL and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Recovery Act and Systems Biology at EMSL Recovery Act Instruments coming to EMSL In the News EMSL ARRA Capability Features News: Recovery Act and PNNL Recovery Act in the Tri-City Herald Related Links Recovery.gov DOE and the Recovery Act Message from Energy Secretary Chu Recovery Act at PNNL EMSL evolves with the needs of its scientific users, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has helped to accelerate this evolution. Thirty-one instruments were acquired and installed at EMSL. These instruments are listed below, and each listing is accompanied by a brief overview. Each of these new and leading-edge instruments was chosen by design to

452

American Solar Energy Society | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: American Solar Energy Society Name American Solar Energy Society Address 2400 Central Ave Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80301 Region Rockies Area Website http://www.ases.org/ Notes Nonprofit organization dedicated to increasing the use of solar energy, energy efficiency, and other sustainable technologies in the U.S Coordinates 40.023354°, -105.217421° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.023354,"lon":-105.217421,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

453

Michael Borland named American Physical Society Fellow  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Grad student is officially a GEMS Grad student is officially a GEMS NIU physicist Susan Mini lands NSF grant for APS beamline upgrades Argonne's Campuzano Honored by Hispanic Engineering Bugs in the News An R&D-100 Award for a New Mammography System APS News Archives: 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Michael Borland named American Physical Society Fellow DECEMBER 4, 2007 Bookmark and Share Michael Borland Michael Borland of the Argonne Accelerator Systems Division has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society. The honor recognizes his "outstanding contributions to fourth-generation light sources, particularly for development and support of the program ELEGANT, the first integrated accelerator code to realistically model coherent synchrotron radiation

454

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7, 2010 7, 2010 CX-003486: Categorical Exclusion Determination Recovery Act - State Energy Program CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Kenner, Louisiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003482: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act EE-0000169 CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Bloomington, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office August 17, 2010 CX-003480: Categorical Exclusion Determination State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act EE-0000169 CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 08/17/2010 Location(s): Lafayette, Indiana Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

455

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

, 2009 3pm Contracts , 2009 3pm Contracts [Use as an H clause or include under the Laws, Regulations and Directives clause.] H.999 Special provisions relating to work funded under American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Feb 2009) Preamble: Work performed under this contract will be funded, in whole or in part, with funds appropriated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111-5, (Recovery Act or Act). The Recovery Act's purposes are to stimulate the economy and to create and retain jobs. The Act gives preference to activities that can be started and completed expeditiously, including a goal of using at least 50 percent of the funds made available by it for activities that can be initiated not later than June 17, 2009. Contractors should begin planning activities for their first tier subcontractors, including

456

American Renewable Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Renewable Fuels American Renewable Fuels Place Dallas, Texas Zip TX 75201 Sector Renewable Energy Product Developer of commercial scale renewable fuels production plants and subsidiary of Australian Renewable Fuels Pty Ltd (ARF). Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

457

North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Council Outage Announcement Council Outage Announcement North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement Starting at about 4:11 p.m. EDT, major losses of electric load occurred in the northeastern United States and Canada in the Eastern Interconnection. Although the exact cause is not known at present, the outages are not the result of a terrorist attack. The areas most affected center around the Great Lakes: Michigan, Ohio, New York City, Ontario, Quebec, northern New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. North American Electric Reliability Council Outage Announcement More Documents & Publications Blackout 2003: Final Report on the August 14, 2003 Blackout in the United States and Canada: Causes and Recommendations Blackout 2003: Blackout Final Implementation Report

458

American Environmental Products | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: American Environmental Products / Sunwave Lighting Name American Environmental Products / Sunwave Lighting Address Box 18432 Place Boulder, Colorado Zip 80308 Sector Efficiency Product Spectrally Enhanced Energy Efficient Lighting Phone number 303-581-9296 Website http://www.sunwavelighting.net Coordinates 40.0153°, -105.2702° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0153,"lon":-105.2702,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

459

American Solar Electric Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Solar Electric Inc American Solar Electric Inc Place Scottsdale, Arizona Zip 85251 Product US installer of residential, commercial and industrial PV systems. Coordinates 33.494°, -111.920694° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.494,"lon":-111.920694,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

460

Comments of the American Wind Energy Associ  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of the American Wind Energy Association in response to the Department of Energy's of the American Wind Energy Association in response to the Department of Energy's solicitation for comments on the upcoming National Electric Transmission Congestion Study I. AWEA strongly believes that the Department of Energy (DOE) should permit transmission developers to propose "project-specific" corridors, which would allow DOE to designate corridors upon request at any time anywhere in the Lower 48 states if a developer can demonstrate that its proposed corridor meets the criteria for such a designation. This would be an additional improvement beyond the process that has been publicly discussed as DOE's plan, in which DOE would take the lead in identifying any areas where power flows are

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

American Coal Council 2004 Spring Coal Forum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American Coal Council American Coal Council 2004 Spring Coal Forum Dallas, Texas May 17-19, 2004 Thomas J. Feeley, III Technology Manager National Energy Technology Laboratory ACC Spring Coal Forum, 2004 Presentation Outline * Background * Power plant-water issues * DOE/NETL R&D program * Conclusion/future plans ACC Spring Coal Forum, 2004 Global Water Availability Ocean 97% Fresh Water 2.5% 0 20 40 60 80 100 Ice Groundwater Lakes and Rivers ACC Spring Coal Forum, 2004 Three Things Power Plants Require 1) Access to transmission lines 2) Available fuel, e.g., coal or natural gas 3) Water ACC Spring Coal Forum, 2004 Freshwater Withdrawals and Consumption Mgal / Day Irrigation 81,300 Irrigation 81,300 Thermoelectric 3,310 Consumption Sources: "Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 1995," USGS Circular 1200, 1998

462

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

43: Categorical Exclusion Determination 43: Categorical Exclusion Determination American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Local Energy Assurance Planning (LEAP) - (Chicago, Illlinois) CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 04/01/2010 Location(s): Chicago, Illinois Office(s): Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, National Energy Technology Laboratory April 1, 2010 CX-001633: Categorical Exclusion Determination Port Townsend Paper Company CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04/01/2010 Location(s): Washington Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office April 1, 2010 CX-001682: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program (SEP) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) - Phase 1 - Wind Turbine for Guthrie Waste Water Treatment Plant CX(s) Applied: A9, A11 Date: 04/01/2010

463

American Solar Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Solar Technology American Solar Technology Address 5265 Turquoise Drive Place Colorado Springs, Colorado Zip 80918 Sector Solar Product Solar installer Coordinates 38.908071°, -104.742645° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.908071,"lon":-104.742645,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

464

American Fusion News | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

American Fusion News American Fusion News General Atomics (GA) December 4, 2012 The Scorpion's Strategy: "Catch and Subdue" December 4, 2012 Frozen Bullets Tame Unruly Edge Plasmas in Fusion Experiment February 15, 2012 General Atomics (GA) Fusion News: A New Spin on Understanding Plasma Confinement See All Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) April 5, 2013 Applying physics, teamwork to fusion energy science February 22, 2013 A Tour of Plasma Physics in Downtown Cambridge December 4, 2012 Placing Fusion Power on a Pedestal September 21, 2012 MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTUE OF TECHNOLOGY See All National Ignition Facility February 22, 2013 Summary of Assessment of Prospects for Inertial Fusion Energy February 16, 2012 National Ignition Facility (NIF): Under Pressure: Ramp-Compression Smashes

465

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1, 2009 Contracts 1, 2009 Contracts [Use as an H clause or include under the Laws, Regulations and Directives clause.] H.999 Special provisions relating to work funded under American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Feb 2009) Preamble: Work performed under this contract will be funded, in whole or in part, with funds appropriated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111-5, (Recovery Act or Act). The Recovery Act's purposes are to stimulate the economy and to create and retain jobs. The Act gives preference to activities that can be started and completed expeditiously, including a goal of using at least 50 percent of the funds made available by it for activities that can be initiated not later than June 17, 2009. Contractors should begin planning activities for their first tier subcontractors, including

466

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: American Recovery and Reinvestment  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2469: Categorical Exclusion Determination 2469: Categorical Exclusion Determination Oklahoma State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - City of Owasso - Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Fueling Infrastructure and CNG Vehicles CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 06/02/2010 Location(s): Owasso, Oklahoma Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office June 2, 2010 CX-002460: Categorical Exclusion Determination State of New Mexico American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Solar Projects CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 06/02/2010 Location(s): New Mexico Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office June 2, 2010 CX-003079: Categorical Exclusion Determination Applied Materials - Novel High Energy Density Lithium Ion Cell Designs CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06/02/2010

467

Energizing American Competitiveness in Solar Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This PowerPoint slide deck was originally presented at the 2012 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and Technology Forum during a plenary session. Entitled "Energizing American Competitiveness in Solar Technologies," this presentation explains why grand challenges are needed and summarizes the goals of the SunShot program. It also identifies manufacturing as playing a key role in the attainment of a clean energy vision.

468

North American Coating Laboratories | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Coating Laboratories American Coating Laboratories Jump to: navigation, search Name North American Coating Laboratories Address 9450 Pineneedle Drive Place Mentor, Ohio Zip 44060 Sector Services, Solar Product Consulting; Engineering/architectural/design; Manufacturing; Research and development;Retail product sales and distribution Phone number 440-357-7000 Website http://www.nacl.com Coordinates 41.70303°, -81.302082° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.70303,"lon":-81.302082,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

469

Cars af Tomorrow and the American Community  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cars of Tomorrow and the American Community High School Curriculum Created by Northeast Sustainable Energy Association (NESEA) Click on the links below to take you to the Chapter heading: Cover Page and Orientation Availability and Distribution of Alternative Fuels Health, Pollution, and Safety Operation, Maintenance, and Refueling Fuel Fact Sheets H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y H I G H S C H O O L C U R R I C U L U M O N A L T E R N A T I V E F U E L S CARS OF TOMORROW AND THE AMERICAN COMMUNITY 50 Miles Street, Suite 3, Greenfield, MA 01301 www.nesea.org June, 2002 L E A D I N G T H E W A Y T O S U S T A I N A B L E E N E R G Y © Copyright 2001 Northeast Sustainable Energy Association

470

Development of single crystal filaments. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program just completed addresses a route to a more efficient longer-lasting electric light bulb filament. All current filaments for light bulbs are metallic in nature. They are subject to embrittlement with age (large grain growth) and relatively high vapor pressures which limits their operating temperature. There is evidence which suggests advantages to using high temperature refractory single crystal fibers as a filament for a light bulb. These refractory materials may include materials such as hafnium or tantalum carbide which have melting points about 500{degrees}C higher than tungsten. Another advantage is that single crystal fibers have a very high degree of crystalline perfection with very few voids and dislocations. Without these imperfections, the atomic mobility at high temperatures is highly restricted. Thus single crystal fibers are very stable at high temperature and will last longer. The efficiencies result from running these single crystal ceramic fiber filaments at higher temperatures and the higher emissivity of the carbide filaments compared to tungsten. The amount of visible light is proportional to the 4the power of the temperature thus a 500{degrees}C higher operating give about a 3-fold increase in radiation in the visible range. The program accomplishments can be summarized as follows: (1) Single crystal fibers of JfC sufficient crystal quality for light bulb filament applications were made. (2) The HfC fiber furnace growth chamber, power control and data collection system was developed for the laboratory scale plant. (3) method for mounting and apparatuses for testing the single crystal fiber filaments were developed and built.

Milewski, J.V.; Shoultz, R.A.; Bourque-McConnell, M.M.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Surface Energy,Surface Energy, Surface Tension & Shape of CrystalsSurface Tension & Shape of Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surface Energy,Surface Energy, Surface Tension & Shape of CrystalsSurface Tension & Shape of shapes of crystals are important: (i) growth shape and (ii) equilibrium shape Surface/interface energy surfaces. The joining of two phases creates an interface. (Two orientations of the same crystalline phase

Subramaniam, Anandh

472

CRYSTAL Simulation Code and New Coherent Effects in Bent Crystal at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The LHC crystal-based collimation system is mainly addressed. A CRYSTAL simulation code for particle tracking in crystals is introduced. Its essence consists in both adequate and fast sampling of proton trajectories in crystals which is crucial for both correct description of experiments and quantitative prediction of new effects. The H8 single-pass experiment at the CERN SPS as well as 7 TeV proton deflection by a bent crystal at the LHC are simulated. We predict the existence of dechanneling peaks corresponding to the planar channeling oscillations as well as describe the possibility of their observation at high energies, specifically in the LHC crystal-assisted collimation experiment planned on 2015. An effect of excess over the amorphous level of ionization losses in the channeling mode was also found for the LHC energy. In addition, the LHC crystal-based collimation system is simulated as well as its possible improved layouts with application of a crystal with the cut and multiple volume reflection in on...

Sytov, Alexei I

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Integrating Two Worlds: A Supportive Pathway for Native American Students |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Integrating Two Worlds: A Supportive Pathway for Native American Integrating Two Worlds: A Supportive Pathway for Native American Students Integrating Two Worlds: A Supportive Pathway for Native American Students November 18, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis Native American student interns at LLNL meet with Navajo Tribal President Ben Shelly this summer. Native American student interns at LLNL meet with Navajo Tribal President Ben Shelly this summer. Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director When the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) looked for an institution to get a strong engineering base to recruit from, they turned to Northern Arizona University (NAU), the top recruiter of Native American engineering students in their area. Since 2010, NNSA has funded a 12-week summer internship program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

474

DOE American Indian and Alaska Natives Tribal Government Policy |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Indian and Alaska Natives Tribal Government Policy American Indian and Alaska Natives Tribal Government Policy DOE American Indian and Alaska Natives Tribal Government Policy This Policy sets forth the principles to be followed by the Department of Energy (DOE) to ensure an effective implementation of a government to government relationship with American Indian and Alaska Native tribal governements. This Policy is based on the United States Constitution, treaties, Supreme Court decisions, Executive Orders, statutes, existing federal policies, tribla laws, and the dynamic political relationship between Indian nations and the Federal government. DOE American Indian and Alaska Natives Tribal Government Policy More Documents & Publications U.S. Department of Energy Amerian Indian Policy DOE Order 144.1: Department of Energy American Indian Tribal Government

475

Event:Latin American Carbon Forum 2013 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3 3 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Latin American Carbon Forum 2013: on 2013/03/25 The Seventh Latin American and Caribbean Carbon Forum (LACF) will discuss prospects for carbon projects in Latin America. The Forum is co-organized by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Latin American Development Bank (CAF), the World Bank, the International Emissions Trading Association (IETA), the Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE), the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Risø Centre and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Event Details Name Latin American Carbon Forum 2013 Date 2013/03/25 Location Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Tags LEDS, Training, CLEAN Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like.

476

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, January 3 2012, Volume 3 No. 1 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, January 3 2012, Volume 3 No. 1 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin provides information on energy assurance planning resources, upcoming events, training opportunities, and important grant deliverable dates. VOLUME 3, NUMBER 1. January 2012 Energy Assurance Planning Bulletin Volume 3 No 1.pdf More Documents & Publications The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, July 1 2010, Volume 1 No. 3 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning

477

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs MidAmerican Energy (Electric) - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Heat Pumps Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 Expiration Date 12/31/2012 State Illinois Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Room Air Conditioners: $25 Central Air Conditioners: $100-$200 Heat Pumps: $100-$400 Ground-source Heat Pumps: $1000-$2000 Desuperheaters: $100 Programmable Thermostat: $20 Provider MidAmerican Energy Company MidAmerican Energy offers a variety of incentives for residential customers to improve the energy efficiency of participating homes. Electric customers of MidAmerican Energy qualify for rebates on programmable thermostats, air

478

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, April 1 2010, Volume 1 No. 2 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, April 1 2010, Volume 1 No. 2 The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin provides information on energy assurance planning resources, upcoming events, training opportunities, and important grant deliverable dates. VOLUME 1, NUMBER 2. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, April 1 2010, Volume 1 No. 2 More Documents & Publications The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Energy Assurance Planning (EAP) Bulletin, July 1 2010, Volume 1 No. 3

479

President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation November 5, 2013 - 2:25pm Addthis BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA A PROCLAMATION From Alaskan mountain peaks to the Argentinian pampas to the rocky shores of Newfoundland, Native Americans were the first to carve out cities, domesticate crops, and establish great civilizations. When the Framers gathered to write the United States Constitution, they drew inspiration from the Iroquois Confederacy, and in the centuries since, American Indians and Alaska Natives from hundreds of tribes have shaped our national life. During Native American Heritage Month, we honor their vibrant cultures and strengthen the government-to-government relationship between the United

480

Join the American Energy Data Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the American Energy Data Challenge the American Energy Data Challenge Join the American Energy Data Challenge November 6, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis Secretary Moniz announces the launch of the American Energy Data Challenge. | Video courtesy of the Energy Department. Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Bob Brese Bob Brese Chief Information Officer We are a nation built on American ingenuity. With that in mind, the Department of Energy -- in collaboration with the Presidential Innovation Fellows -- is launching the American Energy Data Challenge, inviting the public to use energy data to do amazing things in support of the White House's open data policy. The goals for this four-part challenge are to introduce the public to the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "american crystal sugar" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Wind Power for Native Americans  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Wind Power for Native Americans Wind Power for Native Americans Wind Power for Native Americans poster with five happy Native American children and a wind turbine. Click on the image to view a larger version. Wind Power for Native Americans poster There are more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaskan villages and corporations located on 96 million acres in the United States. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. Changing national utility policy, a keen interest in economic development, environmental concerns, and availability of low-cost financing have kindled a strong interest in tribal wind development opportunities. However, several key issues need to be addressed, including lack of wind resource

482

Join the American Energy Data Challenge | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Join the American Energy Data Challenge Join the American Energy Data Challenge Join the American Energy Data Challenge November 6, 2013 - 1:00pm Addthis Secretary Moniz announces the launch of the American Energy Data Challenge. | Video courtesy of the Energy Department. Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Bob Brese Bob Brese Chief Information Officer We are a nation built on American ingenuity. With that in mind, the Department of Energy -- in collaboration with the Presidential Innovation Fellows -- is launching the American Energy Data Challenge, inviting the public to use energy data to do amazing things in support of the White House's open data policy. The goals for this four-part challenge are to introduce the public to the

483

American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) September 8, 2010 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that American Valve, Inc. failed to certify a variety of showerheads as compliant with the applicable water conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable water conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. American Valve: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-1411) More Documents & Publications American Valve: Order (2010-CW-1411) Afeel: Proposed Penalty (2010-CW-07/1414)

484

Executive Order 13096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

96: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) 96: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) Executive Order 13096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) Executive Order 13096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998). Affirms the Federal government's special and historic responsibility for the education of American Indian and Alaska native students. Directs federal agencies to improve the academic performance of American Indian and Alaska Native students via six goals: (1) improving reading and mathematics (2) increasing high school completion and postsecondary attendance rates (3) reducing the influence of long-standing factors that impede educational performance, such as poverty and substance abuse (4) creating strong, safe, and drug-free school environments (5) improving science education (6)

485

President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation President Obama's Native American Heritage Month Proclamation November 5, 2013 - 2:25pm Addthis BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA A PROCLAMATION From Alaskan mountain peaks to the Argentinian pampas to the rocky shores of Newfoundland, Native Americans were the first to carve out cities, domesticate crops, and establish great civilizations. When the Framers gathered to write the United States Constitution, they drew inspiration from the Iroquois Confederacy, and in the centuries since, American Indians and Alaska Natives from hundreds of tribes have shaped our national life. During Native American Heritage Month, we honor their vibrant cultures and strengthen the government-to-government relationship between the United

486

President Obama Proclaims November National Native American Heritage Month  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President Obama Proclaims November National Native American President Obama Proclaims November National Native American Heritage Month President Obama Proclaims November National Native American Heritage Month October 31, 2013 - 12:23pm Addthis From Alaskan mountain peaks to the Argentinian pampas to the rocky shores of Newfoundland, Native Americans were the first to carve out cities, domesticate crops, and establish great civilizations. When the Framers gathered to write the United States Constitution, they drew inspiration from the Iroquois Confederacy, and in the centuries since, American Indians and Alaska Natives from hundreds of tribes have shaped our national life. During Native American Heritage Month, we honor their vibrant cultures and strengthen the government-to-government relationship between the United

487

President Obama Proclaims November National Native American Heritage Month  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President Obama Proclaims November National Native American President Obama Proclaims November National Native American Heritage Month President Obama Proclaims November National Native American Heritage Month October 31, 2013 - 12:23pm Addthis From Alaskan mountain peaks to the Argentinian pampas to the rocky shores of Newfoundland, Native Americans were the first to carve out cities, domesticate crops, and establish great civilizations. When the Framers gathered to write the United States Constitution, they drew inspiration from the Iroquois Confederacy, and in the centuries since, American Indians and Alaska Natives from hundreds of tribes have shaped our national life. During Native American Heritage Month, we honor their vibrant cultures and strengthen the government-to-government relationship between the United

488

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month 2013 May 21, 2013 11:00AM EDT Forrestal Main Auditorium, Washington DC Building Leadership: Embracing Cultural Values and Inclusion FORS Large Auditorium/Simulcast to Germantown RM A-410 All employees are invited to honor the remarkable contributions Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have made to this Nation and DOE. President Obama stated, "Each May, our Nation comes together to recount the ways Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) helped forge our country. We remember a time 170 years ago, when Japanese immigrants first set foot on American shores and opened a path for millions more. We remember 1869, when Chinese workers laid the final ties of the

489

First Round of American Energy Data Challenge Winners Announced |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

First Round of American Energy Data Challenge Winners Announced First Round of American Energy Data Challenge Winners Announced First Round of American Energy Data Challenge Winners Announced December 19, 2013 - 12:20pm Addthis EIA Administrator Adam Sieminski announces the winners of the first round of the American Energy Data Challenge. Adam Sieminski Administrator of the U.S. Energy Information Administration How can I participate? Learn more about the first round of American Energy Data Challenge winners by following the links to the right. Visit energychallenge.energy.gov to learn how you can participate in the next phase of the Challenge. The American Energy Data Challenge is a year-long effort to amplify open data and citizen data using public innovation, but we're already able to announce our first round of winners.

490

Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month Asian American Pacific Islander Heritage Month May 1, 2013 11:45AM EDT to May 31, 2013 5:45PM EDT nationwide Generations of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) have helped make America what it is today. Their histories recall bitter hardships and proud accomplishments -- from the laborers who connected our coasts one-and-a-half centuries ago, to the patriots who fought overseas while their families were interned at home, from those who endured the harsh conditions of Angel Island, to the innovators and entrepreneurs who are driving our Nation's economic growth in Silicon Valley and beyond. Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month offers us an opportunity to celebrate the vast contributions Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders have

491

Executive Order 13096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) 096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) Executive Order 13096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998) Executive Order 13096: American Indian and Alaska Education (1998). Affirms the Federal government's special and historic responsibility for the education of American Indian and Alaska native students. Directs federal agencies to improve the academic performance of American Indian and Alaska Native students via six goals: (1) improving reading and mathematics (2) increasing high school completion and postsecondary attendance rates (3) reducing the influence of long-standing factors that impede educational performance, such as poverty and substance abuse (4) creating strong, safe, and drug-free school environments (5) improving science education (6)

492

An assessment of energy balance from sugar-based ethanol for fuel-saving and climate policy - the case of an island economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study assesses the efficiency of sugar-based ethanol production in Mauritius using the net energy balance and energy ratio. The findings indicate a positive net energy balance. For every one unit of fossil fuel used, the system returns more than six times in terms of renewable energy from ethanol. The fuel savings and other economic benefits which may be accrued to Mauritius are discussed. The sensitivity analysis shows that the fossil energy consumed in the production of fertilisers and in the transportation of feedstock to factory represents the main components which influence efficiency indicators. Greening the supply chain may enhance the efficiency and sustainability of bio-ethanol production systems. Green strategies may include the use of organic fertilisers, clean technology, and sustainable transportation and land use. The efficiency indicators can also be used to guide the CDM for sugar-based ethanol project.

Riad Sultan; Abdel Khoodaruth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Addressing the lack of Baseball Consumption amongst African Americans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This is particularly relevant to African American sport consumption, as Armstrong (2002b) suggests African Americans require a particular set of motivational factors to be present in a sport if they are to consider consumption. The current study will therefore..., it is also important to understand racial identity; for scholars suggest ?racial identification? to be an important factor influencing African American sport consumption (Armstrong 2002a; Armstrong, 2002b; Hanssen, 2001; Liu, Huand, & Minghua, 2007...

Brown, Brandon Leigh

2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

494

Wind Power on Native American Lands: Process and Progress (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The United States is home to more than 700 American Indian tribes and Native Alaska villages and corporations located on 96 million acres. Many of these tribes and villages have excellent wind resources that could be commercially developed to meet their electricity needs or for electricity export. The Wind Powering America program engages Native Americans in wind energy development. This poster describes the process and progress of Wind Powering America's involvement with Native American wind energy projects.

Jimenez, A.; Flowers, L.; Gough, R.; Taylor, R.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Expression of cell wall invertase and several other genes of sugar metabolism in relation to seed development in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary We report expression profiles of several genes of carbohydrate metabolism, cell wall invertase (CWI) in particular, to better understand sugar transport and its utilization in developing caryopses of grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Gene expression analyses for CWI using RNA gel blot and real-time quantitative PCR approaches on developing caryopses, including the glumes (maternal tissue appended to the seeds), showed expression of SbIncw (ZmIncw2 ortholog) primarily in the basal sugar unloading zone of endosperm. The expression of ZmIncw1 ortholog was significantly less abundant and restricted to the glumes. The protein and enzyme activity data corroborated the temporal transcript expression profile that showed maximal CWI protein (INCW) expression preceding the starch-filling phase of endosperm development, i.e. 612d-after-pollination (DAP). Protein gel blot analysis using polyclonal maize INCW1 antibodies showed a single polypeptide of 72kDa. The highest level of enzyme activity was unique to the basal part of the endosperm, in particular the basal endosperm transfer cell (BETC) layer and the maternal pedicel region that were highly enriched for the INCW protein, as seen by immunolocalization. High hexose-to-sucrose ratio in 612 DAP seeds, and negligible starch deposition in glumes corroborated the CWI activity data. Additionally, we report transcription profiles of several other genes related to sugar-to-starch metabolism in developing sorghum endosperm. As in maize, the INCW-mediated apoplastic cleavage of sucrose in the BETC and pedicel during the early developmental stages of caryopses is essential for the normal development of filial tissues. The unique cell-specificity of the INCW protein to both proximal and distal ends of placental sac shown here for the first time is likely to greatly increase uptakes of both hexose sugars and water through turgor sensing into developing seed. This trait is unique to sorghum among cereals and may facilitate its survival in drought environment.

Mukesh Jain; Prem S. Chourey; Qin-Bao Li; Daryl R. Pring

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comments of the American Petroleum Institute | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the American Petroleum Institute the American Petroleum Institute Comments of the American Petroleum Institute Similar to the electric utility industry's implementation of smart grid, oil and natural gas companies are in the midst of transitioning to next generation communications technology that will provide significant benefits in terms of safety, incident response, effectiveness and efficiency that are critical to United States energy independence. At the same time, however, API's members find themselves increasingly constrained by the lack of exclusive, licensed spectrum available for higher-speed applications. Comments of the American Petroleum Institute More Documents & Publications NBP RFI: Communications Requirements NBP RFI: Communications Requirements - Reply Comments of Utilities Telecom

497

Making American: Constitutive Rhetoric in the Cold War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, claiming that his behavior was directly opposed to everything America stood for. At the heart of so much of the rhetorical bullying was this idea of ?American.? Nobody could decide what it meant or who had the most of it. Was it more American... Rhetoric Reconsidered: Constitutive Paradoxes in G.W. Bush?s Iraq War Speeches.? Zagacki focuses on the idea of ?prophetic dualism? that he claims guided Bush?s rhetoric to the American people in an attempt to create identification between Americans...

Thorpe, Martha

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

498

Argonne's African American Black Club awards scholarships to...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

students July 30, 2014 Tweet EmailPrint The African American Black Club (AABC) at Argonne has awarded four scholarships to promising local Illinois high school students to...

499

Modeling cascading failures in the North American power grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The North American power grid is one of the most complex technological ... the propagation of disturbances. We model the power grid using its actual topology and plausible assumptions... ...

R. Kinney; P. Crucitti; R. Albert; V. Latora

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative: Increasing American Competitiveness Through Innovation  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Find out how the Energy Department's Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative is helping to boost American competitiveness, grow the economy and protect the environment.