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1

Methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of two alternating current (AC) machines  

SciTech Connect

A system is provided for controlling two alternating current (AC) machines via a five-phase PWM inverter module. The system comprises a first control loop, a second control loop, and a current command adjustment module. The current command adjustment module operates in conjunction with the first control loop and the second control loop to continuously adjust current command signals that control the first AC machine and the second AC machine such that they share the input voltage available to them without compromising the target mechanical output power of either machine. This way, even when the phase voltage available to either one of the machines decreases, that machine outputs its target mechanical output power.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Nagashima, James M. (Cerritos, CA); Perisic, Milun (Torrance, CA); Hiti, Silva (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

2

Hardware model of a shipboard zonal electrical distribution system (ZEDS) : alternating current/direct current (AC/DC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hardware model of a shipboard electrical distribution system based on aspects of the DDG 51 Flight IIA, Arleigh Burke class, 60Hz Alternating Current (AC) and the future direct current (DC), zonal electrical distribution ...

Tidd, Chad N. (Chad Norman)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Methods, systems and apparatus for controlling operation of two alternating current (AC) machines  

SciTech Connect

A system is provided for controlling two AC machines. The system comprises a DC input voltage source that provides a DC input voltage, a voltage boost command control module (VBCCM), a five-phase PWM inverter module coupled to the two AC machines, and a boost converter coupled to the inverter module and the DC input voltage source. The boost converter is designed to supply a new DC input voltage to the inverter module having a value that is greater than or equal to a value of the DC input voltage. The VBCCM generates a boost command signal (BCS) based on modulation indexes from the two AC machines. The BCS controls the boost converter such that the boost converter generates the new DC input voltage in response to the BCS. When the two AC machines require additional voltage that exceeds the DC input voltage required to meet a combined target mechanical power required by the two AC machines, the BCS controls the boost converter to drive the new DC input voltage generated by the boost converter to a value greater than the DC input voltage.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel (Torrance, CA); Nagashima, James M. (Cerritos, CA); Perisic, Milun (Torrance, CA); Hiti, Silva (Redondo Beach, CA)

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

4

Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System Application Guidelines and Operating Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goals of this project are twofold: to develop flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) application guidelines and operating strategies and to provide a technology roadmap for the renewed value proposition of FACTS devices with increased penetration of renewable energy resources, the need for power flow control over existing transmission lines, and tighter voltage regulation at transmission buses. This project focuses on developing technical and economic guidelines for ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

5

Alternating Current Photovoltaic Building Block  

This technology provides a fully integrated and self-containing alternating current (AC) photovoltaic (PV) Building Block device and method that allows photovoltaic applications to become true plug-and-play devices. The Building Block combines, ...

6

Alternating Current Photovoltaic Building Block - Energy ...  

This technology provides a fully integrated and self-containing alternating current (AC) photovoltaic (PV) Building Block device and method that allows photovoltaic ...

7

Definition: Alternating current | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternating current Alternating current Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Alternating current An electric current that reverses its direction at regularly recurring intervals. In the United States, the standard is 120 reversals or 60 cycles per second. Electricity transmission networks use AC.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In alternating current (AC, also ac), the flow of electric charge periodically reverses direction. In direct current (DC, also dc), the flow of electric charge is only in one direction. The abbreviations AC and DC are often used to mean simply alternating and direct, as when they modify current or voltage. AC is the form in which electric power is delivered to businesses and residences. The usual waveform of an AC power circuit is a

8

Analysis of operations and cyber security policies for a system of cooperating Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices.  

SciTech Connect

Flexible Alternating Current Transmission Systems (FACTS) devices are installed on electric power transmission lines to stabilize and regulate power flow. Power lines protected by FACTS devices can increase power flow and better respond to contingencies. The University of Missouri Rolla (UMR) is currently working on a multi-year project to examine the potential use of multiple FACTS devices distributed over a large power system region in a cooperative arrangement in which the FACTS devices work together to optimize and stabilize the regional power system. The report describes operational and security challenges that need to be addressed to employ FACTS devices in this way and recommends references, processes, technologies, and policies to address these challenges.

Phillips, Laurence R.; Tejani, Bankim; Margulies, Jonathan; Hills, Jason L.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Baca, Micheal J.; Weiland, Laura

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Alternating current long range alpha particle detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An alpha particle detector, utilizing alternating currents, which is capable of detecting alpha particles from distinct sources. The use of alternating currents allows use of simpler ac circuits which, in turn, are not susceptible to dc error components. It also allows the benefit of gas gain, if desired. In the invention, a voltage source creates an electric field between two conductive grids, and between the grids and a conductive enclosure. Air containing air ions created by collision with alpha particles is drawn into the enclosure and detected. In some embodiments, the air flow into the enclosure is interrupted, creating an alternating flow of ions. In another embodiment, a modulated voltage is applied to the grid, also modulating the detection of ions.

MacArthur, D.W.; McAtee, J.L.

1993-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

10

Simultaneous distribution of AC and DC power - Energy ...  

... Alternating Current) as well as the elimination of equipment normally used to reconvert AC back to DC for components of HVAC systems, ...

11

Precision electronic speed controller for an alternating-current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high precision controller for an alternating-current multi-phase electrical motor that is subject to a large inertial load. The controller was developed for and is particularly suitable for controlling, in a neutron chopper system, a heavy spinning rotor that must be rotated in phase-locked synchronism with a reference pulse train that is representative of an ac power supply signal having a meandering line frequency. The controller includes a shaft revolution sensor which provides a feedback pulse train representative of the actual speed of the motor. An internal digital timing signal generator provides a reference signal which is compared with the feedback signal in a computing unit to provide a motor control signal. In the preferred embodiment, the motor control signal is a weighted linear sum of a speed error voltage, a phase error voltage, and a drift error voltage, each of which is computed anew with each revolution of the motor shaft. The stator windings of the motor are driven by two amplifiers which are provided with input signals having the proper quadrature relationship by an exciter unit consisting of a voltage controlled oscillator, a binary counter, a pair of readonly memories, and a pair of digital-to-analog converters.

Bolie, Victor W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

AC distribution system for TFTR pulsed loads  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper outlines the AC distribution system associated with the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor and discusses the significant areas related to design, protection, and equipment selection, particularly where there is a departure from normal utility and industrial applications.

Carroll, R.F.; Ramakrishnan, S.; Lemmon, G.N.; Moo, W.I.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Study of power transfer capability of dc systems incorporating ac loads and a parallel ac line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concepts of maximum power transfer of dc systems and associated ac voltage variations, particularly at inverter stations having low short-circuit ratios, have been extended to include various ac load models and an ac line in parallel with the dc line. The operating capabilities are shown to vary from those predicted from either a Thevenin ac source model or the corresponding short-circuit ratio. The study used an ac/dc load flow program.

Reeve, J.; Uzunovic, E. [Univ. of Waterloo, Ontario (Canada)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Integration and system tests of the Ford/General Electric ac electric drive system  

SciTech Connect

An advanced alternating current electric drive system is being developed by the General Electric Company for Ford Motor Company's ''Advanced Electric Vehicle Powertrain Effort,'' which is a major element of DOE's Single Shaft Electric Propulsion System Program. The integrated transaxle consists of an oil-cooled 50 hp ac induction motor mounted within a 2-speed transaxle. Direct current from the nominal 204 V battery pack is converted to variable frequency, variable voltage 3-phase ac current by a liquid-cooled transistor inverter. A custom-designed inverter motor controller, containing two 8751 microcomputers plus analog and digital circuitry, translates torque commands from the controller to the inverter transistor base drivers that turn on/off power Darlington transistors at appropriate times. After a review of the electric drive system ratings, details of the transistor inverter are presented. Control strategy and controller design are summarized. Electric drive integration and system test results are given.

King, R.D.; Park, J.N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Thin-film alternating current nanocalorimeter for low temperatures and high magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect

Thin-film nanocalorimeter for low temperatures and high magnetic fields is described. The calorimeter is based on a commercial microchip module (thermal conductivity vacuum gauge TCG 3880 from Xensor Integration, NL). The gauge consists of submicron silicon nitride membrane with a film-thermopile and a resistive film-heater with dimensions of 50x100 {mu}m{sup 2} located at the center of the membrane. The gauge is mounted in a thermostat filled with helium exchange gas. The method of alternating current (ac) calorimetry is applied for heat capacity measurements. The noise-floor sensitivity of the calorimeter is better than 1 nJ/K below 100 K and about 3 nJ/K at 300 K. This allows for reliable measurements to be performed on sub-microgram samples. It is proved that the method is applicable for heat capacity measurements at temperatures in the range of 5-300 K and in high magnetic fields up to 8 T. We present a theoretical analysis of the thermal processes in the gauge-sample-surrounding gas system. On this basis a calibration method has been developed. We demonstrate that the technique yields correct heat capacity for test samples and that in special cases the thermal conductivity and the magnetostriction of the sample can be measured simultaneously with the heat capacity.

Minakov, A.A.; Roy, S.B.; Bugoslavsky, Y.V.; Cohen, L.F. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time.

Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Fault current limiter and alternating current circuit breaker  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter are disclosed for a load served by an alternating current source having a source impedance, the solid-state circuit breaker and current limiter comprising a thyristor bridge interposed between the alternating current source and the load, the thyristor bridge having four thyristor legs and four nodes, with a first node connected to the alternating current source, and a second node connected to the load. A coil is connected from a third node to a fourth node, the coil having an impedance of a value calculated to limit the current flowing therethrough to a predetermined value. Control means are connected to the thyristor legs for limiting the alternating current flow to the load under fault conditions to a predetermined level, and for gating the thyristor bridge under fault conditions to quickly reduce alternating current flowing therethrough to zero and thereafter to maintain the thyristor bridge in an electrically open condition preventing the alternating current from flowing therethrough for a predetermined period of time. 9 figs.

Boenig, H.J.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

18

Method for sputtering with low frequency alternating current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Low frequency alternating current sputtering is provided by connecting a low frequency alternating current source to a high voltage transformer having outer taps and a center tap for stepping up the voltage of the alternating current. The center tap of the transformer is connected to a vacuum vessel containing argon or helium gas. Target electrodes, in close proximity to each other, and containing material with which the substrates will be coated, are connected to the outer taps of the transformer. With an applied potential, the gas will ionize and sputtering from the target electrodes onto the substrate will then result. The target electrodes can be copper or boron, and the substrate can be stainless steel, aluminum, or titanium. Copper coatings produced are used in place of nickel and/or copper striking. 6 figs.

Timberlake, J.R.

1996-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

19

Method for sputtering with low frequency alternating current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Low frequency alternating current sputtering is provided by connecting a low frequency alternating current source to a high voltage transformer having outer taps and a center tap for stepping up the voltage of the alternating current. The center tap of the transformer is connected to a vacuum vessel containing argon or helium gas. Target electrodes, in close proximity to each other, and containing material with which the substrates will be coated, are connected to the outer taps of the transformer. With an applied potential, the gas will ionize and sputtering from the target electrodes onto the substrate will then result. The target electrodes can be copper or boron, and the substrate can be stainless steel, aluminum, or titanium. Copper coatings produced are used in place of nickel and/or copper striking.

Timberlake, John R. (Allentown, NJ)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

A method for sputtering with low frequency alternating current  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Low frequency alternating current sputtering is provided by connecting a low frequency alternating current to a high voltage transformer having outer taps and a center tap for stepping up the voltage of the alternating currentThe center tap of the tmsformer is connected to a vacuum vessel containing argon or helium gas. Target electrodes, in close proximity to each other, and containing material with which the substrates will be coated, are connected to the outer taps of the ftwsformer. With an applied potential, the gas will ionize and sputtering from the target electrodes onto the substrate will then result. The target electrodes can be copper or boron, and the substrate can be stainless steel, aluminum, or titanium. Copper coatings produced are used in place of nickel and/or copper striking.

Timberlake, J.R.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Application of alternating current impedance to fuel cell modeling  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

AC impedance has provided a useful diagnostic tool in the Los Alamos polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) program. The author reviews the techniques he has used in ac impedance modeling. These techniques include equation implementation, model simplification and verification, least squares fitting, application of two-dimensional Laplace equation solvers handling complex interfacial boundary conditions, and interpretation of impedance features. The separate features of the complete electrode model are explained by analytic examples.

Springer, T.E.

1999-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

22

M2ACS: Multifaceted Mathematics for Complex Energy Systems Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

M2ACS: Multifaceted Mathematics for Complex Energy Systems Project Enables efficient and safe incorporation of renewable energy in the U.S. energy system; shown here is the...

23

AC versus DC distribution systems- Did we get it right?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We presently enjoy a predominantly ac electrical distribution system, the engineering basis for which was designed over 100 years ago. While ac distribution systems have served us well, we should periodically pause to assess what opportunities we have accepted or been denied by the overwhelming predominance of ac electrical power distribution systems. What opportunities could be obtained by engineering dc distribution into at least portions of our present system? What advantages of the present ac distribution system should be recognized and protected? This paper will focus on distribution within premise and low-voltage distribution systems. Specifically, we will address the conversion efficiency costs of adopting various premise ac and dc distribution system topologies. According to a simple predictive model formulated in this paper, premise residential dc distribution will incur unfavorable total conversion efficiency compared with existing ac premise distribution. However, if a residence is supplied by a fuel cell or another dc generator, the total conversion efficiency within a residential dc distribution system could be similar to, or even better than, that for ac distribution.

Hammerstrom, Donald J.

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

24

Electrostatic coalescence system with independent AC and DC hydrophilic electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved electrostatic coalescence system is provided in which independent AC and DC hydrophilic electrodes are employed to provide more complete dehydration of an oil emulsion. The AC field is produced between an AC electrode array and the water-oil interface wherein the AC electrode array is positioned parallel to the interface which acts as a grounded electrode. The emulsion is introduced into the AC field in an evenly distributed manner at the interface. The AC field promotes drop-drop and drop-interface coalescence of the water phase in the entering emulsion. The continuous oil phase passes upward through the perforated AC electrode array and enters a strong DC field produced between closely spaced DC electrodes in which small dispersed droplets of water entrained in the continuous phase are removed primarily by collection at hydrophilic DC electrodes. Large droplets of water collected by the electrodes migrate downward through the AC electrode array to the interface. All phase separation mechanisms are utilized to accomplish more complete phase separation.

Hovarongkura, A. David (Arlington, VA); Henry, Jr., Joseph D. (Morgantown, WV)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Development of an AC Module System: Final Technical Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The GreenRay Inc. program focused on simplifying solar electricity and making it affordable and accessible to the mainstream population. This was accomplished by integrating a solar module, micro-inverter, mounting and monitoring into a reliable, 'plug and play' AC system for residential rooftops, offering the following advantages: (1) Reduced Cost: Reduction in installation labor with fewer components, faster mounting, faster wiring. (2) Maximized Energy Production: Each AC Module operates at its maximum, reducing overall losses from shading, mismatch, or module downtime. (3) Increased Safety. Electrical and fire safety experts agree that AC Modules have significant benefits, with no energized wiring or live connections during installation, maintenance or emergency conditions. (4) Simplified PV for a Broader Group of Installers. Dramatic simplification of design and installation of a solar power system, enabling faster and more efficient delivery of the product into the market through well-established, mainstream channels. This makes solar more accessible to the public. (5) Broadened the Rooftop Market: AC Modules enable solar for many homes that have shading, split roofs, or obstructions. In addition, due to the smaller building block size of 200W vs. 1000W, homeowners with budget limitations can start small and add to their systems over time. Through this DOE program GreenRay developed the all-in-one AC Module system with an integrated PV Module and microinverter, custom residential mounting and performance monitoring. Development efforts took the product from its initial concept, through prototypes, to a commercial product sold and deployed in the residential market. This pilot deployment has demonstrated the technical effectiveness of the AC Module system in meeting the needs and solving the problems of the residential market. While more expensive than the traditional central inverter systems at the pilot scale, the economics of AC Modules become more and more favorable as the product matures and is made in high volumes. GreenRay's early customers have been highly enthusiastic about the AC Module system benefits.

Suparna Kadam; Miles Russell

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor using motor drives  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for determining the stator winding resistance of AC motors is provided. The system includes an AC motor drive having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor, a pulse width modulation (PWM) converter having switches therein to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor, and a control system connected to the PWM converter. The control system generates a command signal to cause the PWM converter to control an output of the AC motor drive corresponding to an input to the AC motor, selectively generates a modified command signal to cause the PWM converter to inject a DC signal into the output of the AC motor drive, and determines a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the DC signal of at least one of the voltage and current.

Lu, Bin; Habetler, Thomas G; Zhang, Pinjia

2013-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

27

VOLTAGE COLLAPSE AND TRANSIENT ENERGY FUNCTION ANALYSES OF AC/DC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VOLTAGE COLLAPSE AND TRANSIENT ENERGY FUNCTION ANALYSES OF AC/DC SYSTEMS by Claudio A. Ca AND TRANSIENT ENERGY FUNCTION ANALYSES OF AC/DC SYSTEMS by Claudio A. Ca~nizares A dissertation submitted . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3.2 AC/DC Transient Energy Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2 System Modelling 8 2

Cañizares, Claudio A.

28

Control of the LHC 400 MHz RF System (ACS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The LHC ACS RF system is composed of 16 superconducting cavities, eight per ring. Each ring has two cryomodules, each containing four cavities. Each cavity is powered by a 300 kW klystron. The klystrons are grouped in fours, the klystrons in each group sharing a common 58 kV power converter and HV equipment bunker. The ACS RF control system is based on modern industrial programmable controllers (PLCs). A new fast interlock and alarm system with inbuilt diagnostics has been developed. Extensive use of the FIPIO Fieldbus drastically decreases the cabling complexity and brings improved signal quality, increased reliability and easier maintenance. Features of the implementation, such as system layout, communication and the high-level software interface are described. Operational facilities such as the automatic switch on procedure are described, as well as the necessary specialist tools and interfaces. A complete RF chain, including high voltage, cryomodule and klystron is presently being assembled in order to ch...

Arnaudon, L; Maesen, P; Prax, M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

System and Battery Charge Control for PV-Powered AC Lighting Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report reviews a number of issues specific to stand-alone AC lighting systems. A review of AC lighting technology is presented, which discusses the advantages and disadvantages of various lamps. The best lamps for small lighting systems are compact fluorescent. The best lamps for intermediate-size systems are high- or low-pressure sodium. Specifications for battery charging and load control are provided with the goal of achieving lamp lifetimes on the order of 16,000 to 24,000 hours and battery lifetimes of 4 to 5 years. A rough estimate of the potential domestic and global markets for stand-alone AC lighting systems is presented. DC current injection tests were performed on high-pressure sodium lamps and the test results are presented. Finally, a prototype system was designed and a prototype system controller (with battery charger and DC/AC inverter) was developed and built.

Kern, G.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Nonlinear modal interaction in HVDC/AC power systems with dc power modulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper investigation of nonlinear modal interaction using the normal form of vector fields technique is extended to HVDC/AC power systems with dc power modulation. The ac-dc interface equations are solved to form a state space model with second order approximation. Using the normal form technique, the system`s nonlinear dynamic characteristics are obtained. The proposed approach is applied to a 4-generator HVDC/AC test power system, and compare with the time domain solution.

Ni, Y.X. [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Vittal, V.; Kliemann, W.; Fouad, A.A. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

dc-to-ac power converter for fuel cell system  

SciTech Connect

As the interface between fuel cells and the utility line, a self-commutated inverter is preferred to a line-commutated inverter because of its easy controllability. Using the gate turn off (GTO) thyristors, this inverter can have high efficiency and simple circuit configurations. This paper describes the design features and test results of the dc-to-ac power converter, which is principally composed of four-phase transistor chopper and 12-pulse GTO inverter, for a 50kW experimental fuel cell power system. Furthermore, new GTO inverter which improves the circuit efficiency is presented. Special emphasis is placed on a detailed analysis and evaluation of this GTO inverter.

Kawabata, T.; Asaeda, T.; Hamasaki, Y.; Yutani, T.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

System and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system and method for determining stator winding resistance in an AC motor is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of an AC motor. The circuit includes at least one contactor and at least one switch to control current flow and terminal voltages in the AC motor. The system also includes a controller connected to the circuit and configured to modify a switching time of the at least one switch to create a DC component in an output of the system corresponding to an input to the AC motor and determine a stator winding resistance of the AC motor based on the injected DC component of the voltage and current.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Habetler, Thomas G. (Snellville, GA); Zhang, Pinjia (Atlanta, GA); Theisen, Peter J. (West Bend, WI)

2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

33

Estimating the State of AC Power Systems using Semidefinite Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important monitoring task for power networks is to estimate accurately the underlying grid state, which is useful for security-constrained dispatch and power system control. For nonlinear AC power systems, the state estimation (SE) problem is inherently nonconvex giving rise to many local optima. As a result, existing estimators used extensively in practice rely on iterative optimization methods, which are destined to return only locally optimal solutions. A semidefinite programming (SDP) based approach is introduced in this paper, which relies on convex relaxation of the original SE problem and thereby renders it efficiently solvable. A sufficient condition also becomes available to guarantee that the dual SDP problem attains zero duality gap, and thus ensure that the globally optimal SE solution is achievable in polynomial time. The novel scheme's ability to markedly outperform existing iterative alternatives is corroborated through numerical tests on the standard IEEE 14-bus benchmark system.

Zhu, Hao

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Complex-demand knapsack problems and incentives in AC power systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider AC electrical systems where each electrical device has a power demand expressed as a complex number, and there is a limit on the magnitude of total power supply. Motivated by this scenario, we introduce the complex-demand knapsack problem ... Keywords: ac electrical system, approximation algorithm, fptas, incentive compatibility, knapsack problem, smart grid, truthfulness

Lan Yu, Chi-Kin Chau

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Lift-and-project relaxations of AC microgrid distribution system planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We apply relaxation procedures to polynomial optimization problems that originate in transmission system planning, and obtain new convex formulations for the AC case. The approach is novel because the optimization is efficient but also addresses the ... Keywords: AC power flow, lift-and-project relaxation, linear programming, transmission system planning

Joshua A. Taylor; Franz S. Hover

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Enhancement of AC/DC system performance by modulation of a proposed multiterminal DC system in the Southwestern U. S  

SciTech Connect

Modulation of power transmitted over a proposed multiterminal dc system to provide effective stability enhancement of a large ac system in the Southwestern U.S. is demonstrated in this paper. This proposed multiterminal dc system connecting the Phoenix, Mead and Los Angeles areas could be in parallel with an Extra High-Voltage (EHV) ac transmission network which could be operating at heavy loading conditions. Studies indicated that the utilization of large power and reactive power modulation on the dc system can provide transient stability enhancements and ac system damping. The resultant system damping can be significantly improved when compared to the performance of the ac system prior to the addition of the dc system. The application of modulation permits the release of converter station vars to support the ac system voltage and thus reduces the required capability of voltage support devices.

Lee, R.L.; Zollman, D.; Tang, J.F.; Hsu, J.C.; Hunt, J.R.; Burton, R.S.; Fletcher, D.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Method and apparatus for reducing the harmonic currents in alternating-current distribution networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method reduce the harmonic content of AC line and neutral line currents in polyphase AC source distribution networks. The apparatus and method employ a polyphase Zig-Zag transformer connected between the AC source distribution network and a load. The apparatus and method also employs a mechanism for increasing the source neutral impedance of the AC source distribution network. This mechanism can consist of a choke installed in the neutral line between the AC source and the Zig-Zag transformer.

Beverly, Leon H. (Lockport, IL); Hance, Richard D. (Elburn, IL); Kristalinski, Alexandr L. (Naperville, IL); Visser, Age T. (Geneva, IL)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Method and apparatus for reducing the harmonic currents in alternating-current distribution networks  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved apparatus and method reduce the harmonic content of AC line and neutral line currents in polyphase AC source distribution networks. The apparatus and method employ a polyphase Zig-Zag transformer connected between the AC source distribution network and a load. The apparatus and method also employs a mechanism for increasing the source neutral impedance of the AC source distribution network. This mechanism can consist of a choke installed in the neutral line between the AC source and the Zig-Zag transformer. 23 figs.

Beverly, L.H.; Hance, R.D.; Kristalinski, A.L.; Visser, A.T.

1996-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

39

Breathing HRV by the Concept of AC Ventilation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Breathing HRV by the Concept of AC Ventilation Breathing HRV by the Concept of AC Ventilation Speaker(s): Hwataik Han Date: July 10, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas McKone Heat recovery ventilators are frequently used to save heating/cooling loads of buildings for ventilation. There are several types of HRV's, including a parallel plate type, a rotary type, a capillary type, and a heat pipe type. The breathing HRV is a heat recovery ventilator of a new kind using the concept of alternating-current ventilation. The AC ventilation is the ventilation with the airflow directions reversed periodically. It has an advantage of using a single duct system, for both supply and exhaust purposes. In order to develop a breathing HRV system, the thermal recovery performance should be investigated depending on many parameters, such as

40

Impact of inverter station on torsional dynamics of parallel HVdc-ac power system  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the impact of an inverter station on the torsional dynamics of a turbine-generator set which is located at the rectifier side of a parallel HVdc-ac power system. The studies show that depending on the stiffness of the inverter ac bus and electrical coupling between the inverter and rectifier ac buses, the inverter closed loop control can have noticeable contribution to the instability of torsional dynamics. This adverse torsional impact is observed in the study results even when the inverter ac bus is fairly strong (ESCR larger than 5.0).

Iravani, M.R.; Zhao, Z.; Hamouda, R.M. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

POINT OF COLLAPSE METHODS APPLIED TO AC/DC POWER SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an extension of the Point of Collapse method developed for ac systems studies to the determination of saddle-node bifurcations in power systems including high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission. Bus voltage profiles are illustrated for an ac/dc test system, which significantly differ from the profiles of pure ac systems for typical system models. In particular, voltage dependent current order limits (VD-COLs) are shown to affect the voltage profiles ("nose" curves) and the loadability margin of the system. It is also shown that Hopf bifurcations, which are not possible in purely ac lossless systems with second-order generator models, become plausible when the dynamics for the HVDC system are included.

Claudio A. Caizares; Fernando L. Alvarado; et al.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Comparison of the Unique Mobility and DOE-developed ac electric drive systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comparison was made between the most recent DOE-developed AC electric vehicle drive systems and that which is independently under development by Unique Mobility of Golden, Colorado. The DOE-developed AC systems compared in this study are the Single-Shaft Electric Propulsion System (ETX-II) developed by Ford Motor Company and the General Electric Company under contract number DE-AC07-85NV10418, the Dual-Shaft Electric Propulsion (DSEP) System developed by Eaton Corporation under contract number DOE-AC08-84NV-10366, and the anticipated results of the Modular Electric Vehicle (MEV) system currently being developed by Ford and General Electric under contract number DE-AC07-90ID13019. The Unique Mobility brushless DC electric vehicle drive system represents their latest electric drive technology and is being developed in cooperation with BMW Technik Gmbh of Germany. Comparisons of specific volume, specific weight, efficiency and expected vehicle performance are made of the different systems based upon measured system performance data where available. One conclusion presented is that the Unique Mobility drive system under development with BMW appears to provide comparable performance to the AC systems studied.

Cole, G.H.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Dynamic performance of a STATCON at an HVDC inverter feeding a very weak AC system  

SciTech Connect

This paper investigates the dynamic performance of the advanced static var compensator or STATCON at a high voltage direct current (HVDC) converter terminal where the ac system has a very low short circuit ratio (SCR). The STATCON is based on a nine-level GTO thyristor inverter. The studies include operating characteristics of the STATCON under various ac and dc disturbances. The simulation results are compared with other types of reactive power compensation options available for such applications. It is shown that the STATCON has clear advantages over the other compensators, in areas such as; fault response time, voltage support ability, and dc recovery, while operating with very weak ac systems.

Zhuang, Y.; Menzies, R.W. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Nayak, O.B. [HVDC Research Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Turanli, H.M. [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

MIT Electric Vehicle Team Porsche designing a cooling system for the AC24 electric motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I worked on the design and analysis of a cooling system for the electric motor of the MIT Electric Vehicle Team's Porsche 914 Battery Electric Vehicle. The vehicle's Azure Dynamics AC24 motor tended to ...

Meenen, Jordan N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Lift-and-Project Relaxations of AC Microgrid Distribution System Planning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply relaxation procedures to polynomial optimization problems that originate in transmission system planning, and obtain new convex formulations for the AC case. The approach is novel because the optimization is ...

Taylor, Joshua A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

A High Frequency Isolated Current-fed Bidirectional DC/AC Converter For Grid-Tied Energy Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC Converter for Grid-tied Energy Storage System Xiaolei Hu,resources, grid-tied energy storage systems voltage to abe increasingly incorporated. Energy storage devices allows

King Jet, Tseng

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A VECTOR ENERGY FUNCTION APPROACH FOR SECURITY ANALYSIS OF AC/DC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines dynamic behavior in system models that reflect reasonably detailed (third order) HVDC dynamics along with ac system models that include reactive flows, and frequency and voltage dependent load models. A vector Lyapunov function approach is employed to define a system wide energy function that can be used for general security analysis. The paper describes the derivation of individual component Lyapunov functions for simplified models of HVDC links connected to "infinitely strong" ac systems, along with a standard ac only system Lyapunov function. A novel method of obtaining weighting coefficients to sum these components for the overall system energy function is proposed. Use of the new energy function for transient stability and security analysis is illustrated in a test system.

Christopher L. DeMarco; Claudio A. Caizares

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Depinning of flux lines and AC losses in magnet-superconductor levitation system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The AC loss characteristics of a magnet-superconductor system were studied with the magnet fixed to the free end of an oscillating cantilever located near a stationary melt-textured YBCO pellet. Below a threshold AC field amplitude {approx}2Oe, the dissipation of the oscillator is amplitude-independent, characteristic of a linear, non-hysteretic regime. Above threshold,dissipation increases with amplitude, reflecting the depinning and hysteretic motion of flux lines. The threshold AC field is an order of magnitude higher than that measured for the same YBCO material via AC susceptometry in a uniform DC magnetic field, A partial lock-in of flux lines between YBCO ab planes is proposed as the mechanism for the substantial increase of the depinning threshold.

Terentiev, A. N.; Hull, J. R.; De Long, L. E.

1999-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

49

Guide for Economic Evaluation of Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) in Open Access Environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The onset of deregulation in the electric power industry may have a chilling effect on a utility's willingness to upgrade its power delivery system because of perceived economic or environmental risks. This report provides a guide for utilities when undertaking evaluation and planning for the use of Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) technology as cost-effective devices for power delivery system enhancements.

1997-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

50

VOLTAGE COLLAPSE AND TRANSIENT ENERGY FUNCTION ANALYSES OF AC/DC SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a thorough analysis of saddle-node bifurcations for power system dynamic models, including a third order representation of high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission, classic ac generator dynamics with reactive flows, and voltage and frequency dependent load models. Extensions of the Point of Collapse and Continuation methods, initially used in ac system voltage stability studies, are applied to the determination of these bifurcation points. These methods are compared and used for calculating bus voltage profiles (nose curves) and collapse points on ac/dc systems of up to 2158 buses, considering a variety of operational limits and controls, namely, ac/dc regulating transformer tap limits, voltage and reactive power limits, and area interchange control. AC generator reactive power limits, HVDC firing angle limits and voltage dependent current order limits (VDCOL) are shown to affect the stability and loadability of these systems. A vector Lyapunov function approach is employed to define a system wide energy function that can be used for stability analysis. This thesis describes the derivation

Claudio A. Caizares

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Systems and methods for deactivating a matrix converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and methods are provided for deactivating a matrix conversion module. An electrical system comprises an alternating current (AC) interface, a matrix conversion module coupled to the AC interface, an inductive element coupled between the AC interface and the matrix conversion module, and a control module. The control module is coupled to the matrix conversion module, and in response to a shutdown condition, the control module is configured to operate the matrix conversion module to deactivate the first conversion module when a magnitude of a current through the inductive element is less than a threshold value.

Ransom, Ray M.

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

52

Reliability of the emergency ac power system at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

This paper contains an evaluation of the onsite ac power system reliability. The approach to determine the onsite system reliability is to gather from the operating nuclear plants detailed data that have not been available to the NRC, to select typical but detailed design features, and to combine the two to determine ac power system reliability for different designs. Fault trees were constructed from the specific designs, and the categorized data will be used to calculate a spectrum of the expected frequency of station blackout.

Battle, R.E.; Campbell, D.J.; Baranowsky, P.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements.

Konrad, Charles E. (Roanoke, VA); Boothe, Richard W. (Roanoke, VA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements. 6 figures.

Konrad, C.E.; Boothe, R.W.

1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Method and apparatus for improved efficiency in a pulse-width-modulated alternating current motor drive  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A scheme for optimizing the efficiency of an AC motor drive operated in a pulse-width-modulated mode provides that the modulation frequency of the power furnished to the motor is a function of commanded motor torque and is higher at lower torque requirements than at higher torque requirements. 6 figs.

Konrad, C.E.; Boothe, R.W.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

57

Available Transfer Capability Calculation for AC/DC Systems with VSC-HVDC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the voltage source converter is equivalently represented by voltage source model, thus the model of voltage source converter--high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) system suitable for optimal power flow is established. Each control mode ... Keywords: available transfer capability, voltage source converter, AC/DC systems, sequential quadratic programming method

Guoqing Li; Jian Zhang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

H? robust control of DC-AC interfaced microsource in microgrids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the direct current -- alternating current (DC-AC) interfaced microsource based H robust control strategies in microgrids. It presents detail of a DC-AC interfaced microsource model which is connected to the ... Keywords: DC-AC interfaced microsource, H? robust control, Microgrid, f-v droop characteristic, smooth switching

Chun-Xia Dou; Fang Zhao; Xing-Bei Jia; Dong-Le Liu

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

System and method for monitoring and controlling stator winding temperature in a de-energized AC motor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system and method for measuring and controlling stator winding temperature in an AC motor while idling is disclosed. The system includes a circuit having an input connectable to an AC source and an output connectable to an input terminal of a multi-phase AC motor. The circuit further includes a plurality of switching devices to control current flow and terminal voltages in the multi-phase AC motor and a controller connected to the circuit. The controller is configured to activate the plurality of switching devices to create a DC signal in an output of the motor control device corresponding to an input to the multi-phase AC motor, determine or estimate a stator winding resistance of the multi-phase AC motor based on the DC signal, and estimate a stator temperature from the stator winding resistance. Temperature can then be controlled and regulated by DC injection into the stator windings.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Luebke, Charles John (Sussex, WI); Habetler, Thomas G. (Snellville, GA); Zhang, Pinjia (Atlanta, GA); Becker, Scott K. (Oak Creek, WI)

2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

60

System for transmitting low frequency analog signals over AC power lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for transmitting low frequency analog signals over AC power lines using FM modulation. A low frequency analog signal to be transmitted is first applied to a voltage-to-frequency converter where it is converted to a signal whose frequency varies in proportion to the analog signal amplitude. This signal is then used to modulate the carrier frequency of an FM transmitter coupled to an AC power line. The modulation signal frequency range in selected to be within the response band of the FM transmitter. The FM modulated carrier signal is received by an FM receiver coupled to the AC power line, demodulated and the demodulated signal frequency is converted by a frequency-to-voltage converter back to the form of the original low frequency analog input signal.

Baker, Steven P. (Powell, TN); Durall, Robert L. (Lenoir City, TN); Haynes, Howard D. (Knoxville, TN)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A system for tranmitting low frequency analog signals over ac power lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for transmitting low frequency analog signals over ac power lines using FM modulation. A low frequency analog signal to be transmitted is first applied to a voltage-to-frequency converter where it is converted to a signal whose frequency varies in proportion to the analog signal amplitude. This signal is then used to modulate the carrier frequency of an FM transmitter coupled to an ac power line. The modulation signal frequency range is selected to be within the response band of the FM transmitter. The FM modulated carrier signal is received by an FM receiver coupled to the ac power line, demodulated and the demodulated signal frequency is converted by a frequency-to-voltage converter back to the form of the original low frequency analog input signal. 4 figs.

Baker, S.P.; Durall, R.L.; Haynes, H.D.

1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

The influence of utility - interactive PV system characteristics to AC power network  

SciTech Connect

Two experimental PV systems are constructed and operated. One is a system with a line-commutated inverter and another uses a self-commutated inverter and is operated alone as an independent power source when the power network is in trouble. Operating and generating characteristics have been measured for the line-commutated inverter system and for the self-commutated inverter system connected to the Ac simulated network which simulates the actual power distribution system. For the system voltage fluctuation, amplitude of variation in AC voltage was measured at the joining point of the simulated distribution network connected to the PV system by changing the system short circuit current ration. For the harmonics characteristics, the line-commutated inverter system is a harmonic current power source and the self-commutated inverter system is a harmonic voltage power source. The protective sequence for failures in the power system or PV system is also studied. An optimum protection control method with an emphasis on safety is proposed for the self-commutated inverter system. This paper also describes examples of failures in solar cell arrays during the operation of these PV systems and proposes data for improving the reliability of solar cell arrays.

Takeda, Y.; Kaminosono, H.; Takigawa, K.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Protecting a HVDC link against accidental isolation from its receiving AC system  

SciTech Connect

When an HVdc scheme is isolated from its receiving ac system, the inverter may continue to operate, generating its own ac bus voltages; this is defined here as islanding. If islanding is allowed to continue unrestricted, then main circuit components may in some conditions be damaged and it is therefore necessary to provide a suitable protection system. This paper outlines the protection scheme developed for the McNeill Back-to-Back HVdc link in Alberta, Canada, to prevent damage due to islanding while still permitting the link to automatically restart on reclosure of the isolating breaker. Oscillograms showing the protection in operation on both the GEC ALSTHOM HVdc simulator and during tests carried out as part of the commissioning of the McNeill HV dc link are included.

Whitehouse, R.S. (GEC Alsthom Transmission and Distribution Projects Ltd., Stafford (United Kingdom))

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Proceedings: EPRI 2009 HVDC and Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2009 EPRI HVDC and FACTS Conference was held November 5-6, 2009, at the headquarters of Tri-State Generation and Transmission Association, Inc. in Westminster, Colorado. The conference brought together utilities, researchers, and equipment suppliers to discuss the current state of research and development in high-voltage direct current (HVDC) and flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) technologies. The presentations and session discussions covered a broad range of initiatives under way in North Ame...

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

65

AC transmission system planning choosing lines from a discrete set  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission system planning (TSP) is a difficult nonlinear optimization problem involving non-convex quadratic terms, as well as discrete variables. We extend prior results for linear relaxations, drawing on a preliminary ...

Gilbertson, Eric W.

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

66

Stabilizing control of parallel AC-DC power transmission systems by approximate switching curve  

SciTech Connect

A method to improve the transient stability of bulk power transmission system is presented. The method stabilizes the control of parallel ac-dc transmission systems using an approximate switching curve. The optimal switching curve is approximated by a power series and the resulting switching curve is determined independent of type and duration of faults that occur to the system. In addition, coefficients of the switching curve can be calculated on a off-line basis which allows use of simple on-line algebraic calculations in emergency conditions.

Ichiyanagi, K.; Kobayashi, H.; Kakehu, H.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Underground home A/C system. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the project was to transfer the heat of house air into the earth through an underground piping system, return the cooler to the house and disperse it throughout the house. The principle of the idea has been achieved, but not to the extent desired. It was originally hoped that the system would allow temperatures in the house to reach a maximum of 80/sup 0/ even during days where outside temperatures reached high 90/sup 0/. So far, a differential of 6/sup 0/ to 8/sup 0/ has been achieved.

Outland, B.W.

1981-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

68

Utility-Interconnected Photovoltaic Systems: Evaluating the Rationale for the Utility-Accessible External Disconnect Switch  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The utility-accessible alternating current (AC) external disconnect switch (EDS) for distributed generators, including photovoltaic (PV) systems, is a hardware feature that allows a utility?s employees to manually disconnect a customer-owned generator from the electricity grid. This paper examines the utility-accessible EDS debate in the context of utility-interactive PV systems for residential and small commercial installations. It also evaluates the rationale for EDS requirements.

Coddington, M.; Margolis, R.M.; Aabakken, J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Dynamical energy transfer in ac driven quantum systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the time-dependent energy and heat flows in a resonant level coupled to a fermionic continuum. The level is periodically forced with an external power source that supplies energy into the system. Based on the tunneling Hamiltonian approach and scattering theory, we discuss the different contributions to the total energy flux. We then derive the appropriate expression for the dynamical dissipation, in accordance with the fundamental principles of thermodynamics. Remarkably, we find that the dissipated heat can be expressed as a Joule law with a universal resistance that is constant at all times.

Maria Florencia Ludovico; Jong Soo Lim; Michael Moskalets; Liliana Arrachea; David Sanchez

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

70

Method and system for an on-chip AC self-test controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and system for performing AC self-test on an integrated circuit that includes a system clock for use during normal operation are provided. The method includes applying a long data capture pulse to a first test register in response to the system clock, applying an at speed data launch pulse to the first test register in response to the system clock, inputting the data from the first register to a logic path in response to applying the at speed data launch pulse to the first test register, applying an at speed data capture pulse to a second test register in response to the system clock, inputting the logic path output to the second test register in response to applying the at speed data capture pulse to the second test register, and applying a long data launch pulse to the second test register in response to the system clock.

Flanagan, John D. (Rhinebeck, NY); Herring, Jay R. (Poughkeepsie, NY); Lo, Tin-Chee (Fishkill, NY)

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

71

Charging and Transport of Aerosols near AC Transmission Lines: A Literature Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been hypothesized that the charging of airborne pollutant particles by alternating current (AC) transmission lines results in enhanced deposition and retention of these particles in the respiratory tract. This report provides an overview of the effect of AC transmission line corona on ion formation and the transfer of charge to aerosols. A literature review identified gaps in the information required to model the charging of aerosols by AC transmission lines and their dispersal downwind, so that e...

2003-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

72

A Stabilization of Frequency Oscillations in a Parallel AC-DC Interconnected Power System via an HVDC Link  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new application of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) link to stabilization of frequency oscillations in a parallel AC-DC interconnected power system. When an interconnected AC power system is subjected to a large load with rapid change, system frequency may be considerably disturbed and becomes oscillatory. By utilizing the system interconnections as the control channels of HVDC link, the tie-line power modulation of HVDC link through interconnections is applicable for stabilizing the frequency oscillations of AC systems. In the design of power modulation controller, the technique of overlapping decompositions and the eigenvalue assignment are applied to establish the state feedback control scheme. To evaluate control effects, a linearized model of a parallel AC-DC interconnected system, including a power modulation controller of HVDC link, is investigated by simulation study. Simulation results show that the proposed controller is not only effective in damping out frequency oscillations, but also capable of alleviating the transient frequency swing caused by a large load disturbance.

Issarachai Ngamroo

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Point of Collapse and Continuation Methods for Large AC/DC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the implementation of both Point of Collapse (PoC) methods and continuation methods for the computation of voltage collapse points (saddle-node bifurcations) in large ac/dc systems. A comparison of the performance of these methods is presented for real systems of up to 2158 buses. The paper discusses computational details of the implementation of the PoC and continuation methods, and the unique challenges encountered due to the presence of high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission, area interchange power control, regulating transformers, and voltage and reactive power limits. The characteristics of a robust PoC power ow program are presented, and its application to detection and solution of voltage stability problems is demonstrated.

Claudio A. Caizares; Fernando L. Alvarado

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

System and method for motor speed estimation of an electric motor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for a motor management system includes a computer readable storage medium and a processing unit. The processing unit configured to determine a voltage value of a voltage input to an alternating current (AC) motor, determine a frequency value of at least one of a voltage input and a current input to the AC motor, determine a load value from the AC motor, and access a set of motor nameplate data, where the set of motor nameplate data includes a rated power, a rated speed, a rated frequency, and a rated voltage of the AC motor. The processing unit is also configured to estimate a motor speed based on the voltage value, the frequency value, the load value, and the set of nameplate data and also store the motor speed on the computer readable storage medium.

Lu, Bin (Kenosha, WI); Yan, Ting (Brookfield, WI); Luebke, Charles John (Sussex, WI); Sharma, Santosh Kumar (Viman Nagar, IN)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

75

AC Propulsion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

founded in 1992 to develop, manufacture, and license system and component technology for electric vehicle drive systems. References AC Propulsion1 LinkedIn Connections...

76

Bang-bang-type optimal constant current control of parallel ac-dc power transmission systems  

SciTech Connect

The transient stability of an ac-dc hybrid system can be improved greatly by controlling the power flow of the dc transmission line. In this study the optimal changeover curve of dc current setting value on the phase plane with a quadratic curve are approximated. The coefficients of this curve are calculated in advance taking into account the loading condition of the power system and hence the proposed control scheme can be used for emergency control of the power system. The main conclusions from this study were that: to facilitate transient stability analysis, the dc transmission line is represented by equivalent load admittances, which vary every second with the operating condition of the transmission line; the action of the speed governor increases the damping coefficient of the power system and reduces the control time which means that the admissible range of the dc current setting value can be reduced by increasing the governor gain; and the optimal change-over curve of the dc current setting value is approximated by a quadratic curve, whose coefficients can be calculated in advance taking into account the loading condition of the power system. The suboptimal changeover curve thus obtained makes it possible to change the setting value of dc current without time delay in emergency condition. While the case of three-phase short-circuit fault was specifically discussed, it is possible to extend the results obtained to the case of successful or unsuccessful reclosing. The proposed method could also be applied to multimachine systems by using equivalent network reduction methods.

Kobayashi, H.; Ichiyanagi, K.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Development of standardized, low-cost AC PV systems. Phase I annual report, 7 September 1995--7 November 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objectives of this two-year program are to improve the reliability and safety and reduce the cost of installed grid-connected PV systems by creating standardized, pre-engineered components and an enhanced, low-cost, 250-Watt micro inverter. These advances will be combined with the new, large area Solarex MSX-240 PV module resulting in standard, modular AC PV {open_quotes}building blocks{close_quotes} used to create utility-interactive PV systems as small as one module to many thousands of modules to suit virtually any application. AC PV building blocks will be developed to meet the requirements of the U.S., Japanese and European markets.

Strong, S.J.; Wohlgemuth, J.H.; Kaelin, M.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Princeton Plasma Physics Lab - AC power  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ac-power The electricity that runs the ac-power The electricity that runs the Laboratory's experiments and facilities. "AC" stands for the alternating current that comes from large power stations. The term compares with "DC," for "direct current," which comes from sources like batteries. en Offshore Wind and Vehicle to Grid Power http://www.pppl.gov/events/offshore-wind-and-vehicle-grid-power

Professor Willett Kempton, of the University of Delaware, presents "Offshore Wind and Vehicle to Grid Power" as part of the Andlinger Center's 2013-2014 Highlight Seminar Series.

79

A function based fuzzy controller for VSC-HVDC system to enhance transient stability of AC/DC power system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a robust function based optimized fuzzy controller for VSC-HVDC transmission link operating in parallel with an AC transmission line connecting a synchronous generator to infinite bus. A two input one output methodology based optimized ...

Niranjan Nayak; Sangram Kesari Routray; Pravat Kumar Rout

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Partitioning Approach for Parallel Simulation of AC-Radial Shipboard Power Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An approach to parallelize the simulation of AC-Radial Shipboard Power Systems (SPSs) using multicore computers is presented. Time domain simulations of SPSs are notoriously slow, due principally to the number of components, and the time-variance of the component models. A common approach to reduce the simulation run-time of power systems is to formulate the electrical network equations using modified nodal analysis, use Bergeron's travelling-wave transmission line model to create subsystems, and to parallelize the simulation using a distributed computer. In this work, an SPS was formulated using loop analysis, defining the subsystems using a diakoptics-based approach, and the simulation parallelized using a multicore computer. A program was developed in C# to conduct multithreaded parallel-sequential simulations of an SPS. The program first represents an SPS as a graph, and then partitions the graph. Each graph partition represents a SPS subsystem and is computationally balanced using iterative refinement heuristics. Once balanced subsystems are obtained, each SPS subsystem's electrical network equations are formulated using loop analysis. Each SPS subsystem is solved using a unique thread, and each thread is manually assigned to a core of a multicore computer. To validate the partitioning approach, performance metrics were created to assess the speed gain and accuracy of the partitioned SPS simulations. The simulation parameters swept for the performance metrics were the number of partitions, the number of cores used, and the time step increment. The results of the performance metrics showed adequate speed gains with negligible error. An increasing simulation speed gain was observed when the number of partitions and cores were augmented, obtaining maximum speed gains of <30x when using a quadcore computer. Results show that the speed gain is more sensitive to the number partitions than is to the number of cores. While multicore computers are suitable for parallel-sequential SPS simulations, increasing the number of cores does not contribute to the gain in speed as much as does partitioning. The simulation error increased with the simulation time step but did not influence the partitioned simulation results. The number of operations caused by protective devices was used to determine whether the simulation error introduced by partitioning SPS simulations produced a inconsistent system behavior. It is shown, for the time step sizes uses, that protective devices did not operate inadvertently, which indicates that the errors did not alter RMS measurement and, hence, were non-influential.

Uriarte, Fabian Marcel

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

AC Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standards Laboratory Metrology Program AC Electrical Fact Sheet SAND2008-5221P Unlimited Release. Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed...

82

Measured Savings of DC to AC Drive Retrofit in Plastic Extrusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the potential electrical energy efficiency improvements for utilizing alternating current (AC) motors controlled by variable frequency drives (VFD) in place of direct current (DC) motors to drive plastic extrusion machines. A brief background on the extrusion process is presented along with typical extrusion machine electrical drive performance requirements. Motor performance characteristics and control strategies are described for both AC and DC machines. A case study is presented, where detailed electrical measurements were performed on two similar extrusion machines driven by a DC motor and an AC motor respectively. Electrical energy, demand, and cost savings are analyzed

Sfeir, R. A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Alternative Fuels at AC Transit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alternative Fuels at AC Transit Alternative Fuels at AC Transit Speaker(s): Jaimie Levin Date: November 1, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Eve Edelson Mr. Levin will discuss AC Transit's range of environmental technology initiatives, including: zero emission fuel cell transit buses; state-of-the-art, high-capacity, hydrogen fueling stations; solar energy systems; and stationary solid oxide fuel cell power generators. AC Transit has the largest fleet of fuel cell buses in the United States, featuring fuel cell systems with more than 10,000 hours of continuous operation without any failures or power degradation. Their fuel cell fleet has logged more than 400,000 miles of service and carried in excess of one million passengers. Come hear what AC Transit has learned, where they're headed,

84

Ac traction gets on track  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article describes inverter-based ac traction systems which give freight locomotives greater adhesion, pulling power, and braking capacity. In the 1940s, dc traction replaced the steam engine as a source of train propulsion, and it has ruled the freight transportation industry ever since. But now, high-performance ac-traction systems, with their unprecedented levels of pulling power and adhesion, are becoming increasingly common on America`s freight railroads. In thousands of miles of demonstration tests, today`s ac-traction systems have outperformed traditional dc-motor driven systems. Major railroad companies are convinced enough of the benefits of ac traction to have integrated it into their freight locomotives.

O`Connor, L.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Data:A865370d-061c-4ac0-bad4-a28ee66d26ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-061c-4ac0-bad4-a28ee66d26ac d-061c-4ac0-bad4-a28ee66d26ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of St Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2001/06/10 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial General Service Distribution Rate 128 Sector: Commercial Description: *This rate schedule is available for lighting and power for those customers establishing a minimum demand of 1,000 KW and who enter into a Service Agreement with the City for the purchase from the City of St. Marys for its electric energy requirements. Character of service:Service will be Three (3) Phase, Alternating Current, 60 Hertz, 12,470 Volts unregulated.

86

Fuzzy Logic Controller for Enhancement of Transient Stability in Multi Machine AC-DC Power Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the impact of HVDC on Power System Stability and proposes a new type of control mechanism based on Fuzzy set theory to augment dynamic performance of a multi-machine power system. To have good damping characteristics over a wide ... Keywords: HVDC, Power System Stability, Multi-Machine Stability, Fuzzy Logic Controller

M. Uma Vani; P. V. Ramana Rao

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

AC/DC Smart Control and Power Sharing of DC Distribution Systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this research is to develop a grid connected DC distribution system to ensure efficient integration of different alternate sources to the (more)

Elshaer, Mohamed A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Data:68557bde-eb2e-453a-b902-fa674068ac46 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7bde-eb2e-453a-b902-fa674068ac46 7bde-eb2e-453a-b902-fa674068ac46 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Bountiful, Utah (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Large with Demand Greater than 30 kW Sector: Commercial Description: At any point on BCLP's interconnected system where there are facilities of appropriate voltage and adequate capacity. This schedule is for alternating current, single phase or three-phase electric service, supplied at BCLP's available voltage, but not more than 12,470 volts, through a kilowatt-hour meter at a single point of delivery for each electric service required on the premises for non-residential purposes as determined by BCLP. Service under this Schedule is also available for common areas associated with residential complexes.

89

Aalborg Universitet An active damper for stabilizing power-electronics-based AC systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

impedance profile seen from the point of common coupling of the converters, such that the potential for connecting renewable energy systems and at the load side as electric drives [1], [2]. The mutual interactions

Chen, Zhe

90

AC Solar Cells: An Embedded All in One PV Power System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Grid-tied power converters in a photovoltaic (PV) system constructed from discrete components are difficult to mass produce, and the installation involves a significant labor cost to have the proper interconnection among the panel, the inverter, and the grid. Several critical applications such as portable power stations in a battlefield or any scientific expedition will require several key attributes from a PV-based power system, such as modularity, high reliability, and quick setup time. Therefore, a ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

91

Summary Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement Background In April 1988, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) published the Intertie Development and Use Environmental Impact Statement (IDU eis). This eis studied the environmental and economic effects of the use of the Pacific Northwest-Southwest Intertie (Intertie), including the proposed Third Alternating Current (Third AC) Intertie addition. The Third AC project is part of the Intertie, authorized by Congress to accomplish three major objectives: (1) to provide an additional market for surplus BPA power to enable BPA to increase its revenues and thereby help BPA repay the U.S. Treasury in a timely manner; (2) to serve loads in the Pacific Northwest

92

mat.univie.ac  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neumaier@univie.ac.at. Abstract. Results are ...... http://www.mat.univie.ac.at/ neum/glopt/coconut/tests/figures/ ... [11] GAMS World, WWW-document, 2002.

93

AC-DC Difference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The NIST ac-dc Difference Project provides US industry with the essential link between ac ... Facilities/Tools Used: ... NIST CNST Nanofabrication facility. ...

2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

94

Using Genetic Algorithms to Optimize ACS-TSP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose the addition of Genetic Algorithms to Ant Colony System (ACS) applied to improve performance. Two modifications are proposed and tested. The first algorithm is a hybrid between ACS-TSP and a Genetic Algorithm that encodes experimental variables ...

Marcin L. Pilat; Tony White

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Optimization of AC Dipole Parameters for the Mu2e Extinction System  

SciTech Connect

The Mu2e experiment is being planned at Fermilab to measure the rate for muons to convert to electrons in the field of an atomic nucleus with unprecedented precision. This experiment uses an 8 GeV primary proton beam consisting of short ({approx}200 nsec FW) bunches, separated by 1.7 {mu}sec. It is vital that out-of-bunch beam be suppressed at the level of 10{sup -10} or less. This poster describes the parametric analysis which was done to determine the optimum harmonics and magnet specifications for this system, as well as the implications for the beam line optics.

Prebys, E.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Plasma generators, reactor systems and related methods  

SciTech Connect

A plasma generator, reactor and associated systems and methods are provided in accordance with the present invention. A plasma reactor may include multiple sections or modules which are removably coupled together to form a chamber. Associated with each section is an electrode set including three electrodes with each electrode being coupled to a single phase of a three-phase alternating current (AC) power supply. The electrodes are disposed about a longitudinal centerline of the chamber and are arranged to provide and extended arc and generate an extended body of plasma. The electrodes are displaceable relative to the longitudinal centerline of the chamber. A control system may be utilized so as to automatically displace the electrodes and define an electrode gap responsive to measure voltage or current levels of the associated power supply.

Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Pink, Robert J. (Pocatello, ID); Lee, James E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

97

Data:Bc30ed1d-f296-42fc-8958-2f1e62ac388d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bc30ed1d-f296-42fc-8958-2f1e62ac388d Bc30ed1d-f296-42fc-8958-2f1e62ac388d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jay County Rural E M C Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE OP- OFF PEAK HEATING RATE Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available to residents that heat with an add-on heat pump and have a supplemental heating system that is fueled by a source other than electricity. Available to residents heating with an approved heat storage unit set by timer. Available for residential home use only, not available to houses that have farm or other equipment attached to same meter as the house. This heating system must be approved by the REMC. CHARACTER OF SERVICE Type of service rendered under this Schedule shall be alternating current, sixty-cycle, single-phase at a voltage of 120 volts, two-wire, 120/240, three-wire or other voltage that might be mutually agreed on.

98

State Laboratory Contacts AC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State Laboratory Contact Information AC. Alabama. Mailing Address, ... PDF. Alaska. Mailing Address, Contact Information. Alaska ...

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers, Screw Type Ac Air ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Screw Type Ac Air Compressor, Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Manufacturers & Suppliers Directory - Find here Screw Type Ac Air Compressor Traders, ...

100

Development of a low-cost integrated 20-kW-AC solar tracking subarray for grid-connected PV power system applications. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report chronicles Utility Power Group's (UPG) successful two-year Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) Phase 4A1 work effort which began in July, 1995. During this period, UPG completed design, fabrication, testing and demonstration of a modular and fully integrated 15-kW-ac, solar tracking PV power system sub-array. The two key and innovative components which were developed are a Modular Panel which optimizes factory assembly of PV modules into a large area, field-deployable, structurally-integrated PV panel, and an Integrated Power Processing Unit which combines all dc and ac power collection, conversion and control functions within a single, field-deployable structurally-integrated electrical enclosure. These two key sub-array elements, when combined with a number of other electrical, mechanical, and structural components, create a low-cost and high-performance PV power system. This system, or sub-array, can be deployed in individual units, or paralleled with any number of other sub-arrays, to construct multi-megawatt P fields. 21 figs.

Stern, M.; Duran, G.; Fourer, G.; Mackamul, K.; Whalen, W.; Loo, M. van; West, R. [Utility Power Group, Chatsworth, CA (US)

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Data:A36c4073-55fc-46de-ae37-38ac1b8674b6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c4073-55fc-46de-ae37-38ac1b8674b6 c4073-55fc-46de-ae37-38ac1b8674b6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Maine Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: A-LM Load Management Service Fixed Price Two-Year Short Term Sector: Description: AVAILABILITY This rate is available only to residential customers and to non-residential customers with monthly demands below 20 kW who have thermal energy storage devices and/or thermal storage heating systems integrated with resistance electric heating units (Eligible Devices). Devices that do not store thermal energy and thus would be adversely affected by periodic interruption will not be served under this rate. Service will be available under this rate for the time period between 8 p.m. on a given day and 7 a.m. on the following day. CHARACTER OF SERVICE End use service will be single phase, alternating current, 60 hertz, at one standard secondary distribution voltage as described in the Company's Handbook of Requirements for Electric Service and Meter Installations and through one point of delivery. SHORT-TERM SERVICE CHARGE

102

Data:B38ccddf-a536-40bc-ac35-0cd2af6decb3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ccddf-a536-40bc-ac35-0cd2af6decb3 ccddf-a536-40bc-ac35-0cd2af6decb3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Maine Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: A-LM Load Management Service Fixed Price Two-Year Sector: Description: AVAILABILITY This rate is available only to residential customers and to non-residential customers with monthly demands below 20 kW who have thermal energy storage devices and/or thermal storage heating systems integrated with resistance electric heating units (Eligible Devices). Devices that do not store thermal energy and thus would be adversely affected by periodic interruption will not be served under this rate. Service will be available under this rate for the time period between 8 p.m. on a given day and 7 a.m. on the following day. CHARACTER OF SERVICE End use service will be single phase, alternating current, 60 hertz, at one standard secondary distribution voltage as described in the Company's Handbook of Requirements for Electric Service and Meter Installations and through one point of delivery.

103

Modeling and control coordination of power systems with FACTS devices in steady-state operating mode.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is devoted to the development of new models for a recently-implemented FACTS (flexible alternating current transmission system) device, the unified power flow controller (more)

Nguyen, Van Liem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

ACS_RRA_2001.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qualitative and Semi-quantitative Qualitative and Semi-quantitative Analysis Of Semi-volatile Organics from Ambient Air Fine-particulate Matter, PM 2.5 Richard Anderson, Don Martello, Brian R. Strazisar and Curt M. White richard.anderson@netl.doe.gov ACS-222 / RRA' / ST-10 / 8-28-2001 Different Missions * EPA - Protect the public health * DOE - Assist the private sector in supplying clean, abundant, and affordable energy ACS-222 / RRA' / ST-10 / 8-28-2001 PM 2.5 Regulatory Process * 1997 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for PM 2.5 based on "health effects" - Mean annual concentration < 15 µg/m 3 - Maximum concentration < 65µg/ m 3 ACS-222 / RRA' / ST-10 / 8-28-2001 Why Is DOE Concerned About PM 2.5 ? * Coal-based power systems contribute to PM 2.5 - Primary particles * Ultra-fine fly-ash (Spherical Alumino-silicates,SAS), carbon soot

105

Development of a low cost integrated 15 kW A.C. solar tracking sub-array for grid connected PV power system applications  

SciTech Connect

Utility Power Group has achieved a significant reduction in the installed cost of grid-connected PV systems. The two part technical approach focused on (1) The utilization of a large area factory assembled PV panel, and (2) The integration and packaging of all sub-array power conversion and control functions within a single factory produced enclosure. Eight engineering prototype 15kW ac single axis solar tracking sub-arrays were designed, fabricated, and installed at the Sacramento Municipal Utility District{close_quote}s Hedge Substation site in 1996 and are being evaluated for performance and reliability. A number of design enhancements will be implemented in 1997 and demonstrated by the field deployment and operation of over twenty advanced sub-array PV power systems. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Stern, M.; West, R.; Fourer, G.; Whalen, W.; Van Loo, M.; Duran, G. [Utility Power Group, 9410 G De Soto Avenue, Chatsworth, California 91311 (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

M2ACS | M2ACS Web Space  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Welcome to the Multifaceted Mathematics for Complex Energy Systems (M2ACS) Welcome to the Multifaceted Mathematics for Complex Energy Systems (M2ACS) project webspace We are a multi-institution project whose aim is to fully explore the opportunities in applied mathematics brought about by multi-disciplinary focus - involving optimization, dynamical systems, stochastic analysis, discrete mathematics, scalable algorithms - on the DOE Grand Challenge of energy systems. The central research concept is the one of multi-faceted mathematics - whereby new mathematics is discovered by sustained investigation of the multiple facets presented by the grand challenge subproblems, such as nonconvexity, stochasticity, integrality, spatio-temporal variability - from the perspective of all the mathematics discipline area involved. Our project involves 22 principal investigators from 3 national

107

The Development of a Charge Protocol to Take Advantage of Off...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

... 9 iv ACRONYMS AC alternating current APS Arizona Public Service DC direct current EV electric vehicle ESS energy storage system PHEV plug-in electric...

108

A study of power electronic building block (PEBB)-based integrated shipboard power systems during reconfiguration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Navy has developed in their ships, and is continually improving, electric propulsion, ship service power, and electric loads. The latest topology under design is the integrated power system (IPS). The IPS entails the all electric ship concept with electric propulsion, direct current (DC) distribution, and modular technology. In the all electric ship concept, ship propulsion and ship service loads are powered by alternating current (AC) generation. For the IPS, power electronics conversion is to be utilized to convert alternating current (AC) generation to direct current (DC) distribution. As state-of-the-art power electronics, the Navy plans to use power electronic building blocks (PEBB) technology in its IPS. A U.S. naval shipboard power system is required to be a highly reconfigurable system to enhance its survivability and reliability. Reconfiguration is a change in the shipboard power system state for various reasons such as new topology, changing missions and emergencies. It was decided to study the behavior of a PEBB-based integrated shipboard power system during reconfiguration. Since no real time operation data was available, the problem was studied through the simulation of reconfiguration scenarios on a scaled-down computer model of an IPS in MATLAB. Reconfiguration scenarios were determined and staged, and an AC/DC power system stability assessment methodology was applied by decoupling the IPS test system around an intrazonal bus. The coupled system of the test IPS, consisted of two dynamic 4160 VAC generators, two rectifiers, two DC-DC converters between the rectifiers' output looped bus and the downstream intrazonal 775V busses, inverters, buck converters, AC loads and DC loads. There was modeling of excitation perturbations which introduced errors in the assessment of the stability requiring an approximation analysis. The study found that the DC bus of interest was stable for all nine reconfiguration scenarios staged, but it found that other busses were not stable for two of the scenarios. The study further found that lower stability margins occurred at lower frequencies of about 1Hz for stable scenarios. It concluded that there were tangible benefits to advancing the shipboard power system architecture to the IPS topology because of the good stability results.

Adediran, Adeoti Taiwo

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

T-ACS/RoboCrane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. T-ACS/RoboCrane ... T-ACS (Tactical Auxiliary Crane Ships) T-ACS photo's and drawing courtesy US Navy and/or August Design, Inc. ...

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

110

ACS Symposium Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Divisions of Biological Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry, Chemical Education, Geochemistry, and Inorganic Chemistry as part of the ACS Division of Analytical Chemistry...

111

Design and analysis of modern three-phase AC/AC power converters for AC drives and utility interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Significant advances in modern ac/ac power converter technologies and demands of industries have reached beyond standard ac/ac power converters with voltage-source inverters fed from diode rectifiers. Power electronics converters have been matured to stages toward compact realization, increased high-power handling capability, and improving utility interface. Modern ac/ac power converter topologies with various control strategies have been introduced for the further improvements, such as matrix converters, current-fed converters, PWM rectifiers, and active power filters. In this dissertation, several new converter topologies are proposed in conjunction with developed control schemes based on the modern ac/ac converters which enhance performance and solve the drawbacks of conventional converters. In this study, a new fault-tolerant PWM strategy is first proposed for matrix converters. The added fault-tolerant scheme would strengthen the matrix converter technology for aerospace and military applications. A modulation strategy is developed to reshape output currents for continuous operation, against fault occurrence in matrix converter drives. This study designs a hybrid, high-performance ac/ac power converter for high power applications, based on a high-power load commutated inverter and a mediumpower voltage source inverter. Natural commutation of the load commutated inverter is actively controlled by the voltage source inverter. In addition, the developed hybrid system ensures sinusoidal output current/voltage waveforms and fast dynamic response in high power areas. A new topology and control scheme for a six-step current source inverter is proposed. The proposed topology utilizes a small voltage source inverter, to turn off main thyristor switches, transfer reactive load energy, and limit peak voltages across loads. The proposed topology maximizes benefits of the constituent converters: highpower handling capability of large thyristor-based current source inverters as well as fast and easy control of small voltage source inverters. This study analyzes, compares, and evaluates two topologies for unity power factor and multiple ac/ac power conversions. Theoretical analyses and comparisons of the two topologies, grounded on mathematical approaches, are presented from the standpoint of converter kVA ratings, dc-link voltage requirements, switch ratings, semiconductor losses, and reactive component sizes. Analysis, simulation, and experimental results are detailed for each proposed topology.

Kwak, Sangshin

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

AC-to-DC Power Transmission Line Conversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

System planners have grown more interest in the prospect of converting ac transmission lines to dc as transfer constraints become more severe and they increasingly recognize dc as a means to improve ac system performance. Two factors have influenced the economic case for conversion. The first is development of a new (tripole) dc configuration that allows dc to make full use of all three ac phase positions without the need for earth return. The second is the realization that converting an ac line to dc ma...

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

113

Construction of AC Motor Controllers for NOvA Experiment Upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I have been constructing Alternating Current (AC) motor controllers for manipulation of particle beam detectors. The capability and reliability of these motor controllers are essential to the Laboratory's mission of accurate analysis of the particle beam's position. The device is moved in and out of the beam's path by the motor controller followed by the Neutrinos at the Main Injector Off-Axis {nu}{sub e} Appearance (NOvA) Experiment further down the beam pipe. In total, I built and tested ten ac motor controllers for new beam operations in the NOvA experiment. These units will prove to be durable and provide extremely accurate beam placement for NOvA Experiment far into the future.

Cooley, Patrick; /Fermilab

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

114

A Generalized Class of Stationary Frame-Current Controllers for Grid-Connected ACDC Converters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within power systems, high-power pulsewidth-modulated ac-dc converters are used in flexible ac transmission systems controllers and for interfacing renewable energy sources to the grid. These converters traditionally ...

Hwang, J. George

115

High intensity discharge lamp self-adjusting ballast system sensitive to the radiant energy or heat of the lamp  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a self-adjusting ballast system for mercury vapor, high intensity discharge lamps having outputs of 100 watts or greater, comprising: a direct current source; a lamp circuit containing a high intensity discharge lamp; sensing means for sensing the radiant energy output of the lamp; a pulse width modulator which, in response to the output of the sensing means, varies the width of the pulses that power the lamp during warm-up of the lamp; a high frequency oscillator; a DC to AC converter that converts current from the direct source to pulses of alternating current for powering the lamp, the converter comprising: at least one switch for gating current to the lamp; a switch control means, responsive to the high frequency oscillator, for controlling the switch and controlling the frequency of the alternating current pulses that power the lamp; current sensing means for sensing the current being supplied to the lamp; and current control means for limiting the current through the lamp to a predetermined safe level when the current sensed by the current sensing means exceeds a reference value.

Kuhnel, D.S.; Ottenstein, S.A.

1987-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

116

Software | M2ACS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software Algorithm design, high-performance computing and advanced numerical simulations are at the core M2ACS mission. Below is a list of software packages developed or supported...

117

6110AC.DOT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center RESIDUAL INVENTORY OF MATERIAL OR EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY OR ACQUIRED FOR SANDIA Contractor: SF 6110-AC (10-96) Supersedes (6-87) issue Contractor No.: Item Description...

118

Superconductor with Improved Flux Pinning and Reduced AC ...  

Superconductor with Improved Flux ... involve ramped magnetic or oscillating magnetic fields or require that the HTS wire carry alternating current ...

119

436 IEEE/ASME TRANSACTIONS ON MECHATRONICS, VOL. 9, NO. 2, JUNE 2004 Torque and Velocity Ripple Elimination of AC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elimination of AC Permanent Magnet Motor Control Systems Using the Internal Model Principle Wai-Chuen Gan and velocity ripple elimination in AC permanent magnet (PM) motor control systems. The torque ripples caused-free output response. Index Terms--AC permanent magnet motor, gain scheduled (GS) speed regulators, internal

Qiu, Li

120

Data:08648ff9-d4c8-4187-ac74-9367450ddd88 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ff9-d4c8-4187-ac74-9367450ddd88 ff9-d4c8-4187-ac74-9367450ddd88 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of St Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2001/06/10 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial General Service Transmission Rate-Metering Discount Sector: Industrial Description: *This rate is available for lighting and power for those customers establishing a minimum of 3,000 KW demand. character of service:Standard transmission service voltages as provided in rules and regulations, Alternating Current 60 Hertz (cycles per second). minimum monthly charge:The minimum monthly charge will be based upon a billing demand of no less than 3,000 KW demand.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Data:12161c8c-37ac-4aef-9801-dfbb928dd419 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c8c-37ac-4aef-9801-dfbb928dd419 c8c-37ac-4aef-9801-dfbb928dd419 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of St Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2001/06/10 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial General Service Transmission Rate-Off Peak Sector: Commercial Description: *This rate is available for lighting and power for those consumers establishing a minimum of 1,000 KW demand. character of service:Standard transmission service voltages as provided in rules and regulations, Alternating Current 60 Hertz (cycles per second). Distribution and ancillary charges:All kilowatts of billing demand per month - $0.98/KW. Added to demand charge.

122

ACS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ACS ACS Jump to: navigation, search Name ACS Place Madrid, Spain Zip 28036 Sector Solar Product Madrid based construction company involved in the development of solar thermal projects. Coordinates 40.4203°, -3.705774° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4203,"lon":-3.705774,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

123

AC | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AC AC Dataset Summary Description The following data-set is for a benchmark residential home for all TMY3 locations across all utilities in the US. The data is indexed by utility service provider which is described by its "unique" EIA ID ( Source National Renewable Energy Laboratory Date Released April 05th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated April 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords AC apartment CFL coffeemaker Computer cooling cost demand Dishwasher Dryer Furnace gas HVAC Incandescent Laptop load Microwave model NREL Residential television tmy3 URDB Data text/csv icon Residential Cost Data for Common Household Items (csv, 14.5 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)

124

Designing AC power grids using integer linear programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments have drawn focus towards the efficient calculation of flows in AC power grids, which are difficult to solve systems of nonlinear equations. The common linearization approach leads to the well known and often used DC formulation, which ...

Arie M. C. A. Koster; Stephan Lemkens

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

ETA-AC002  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Revision 2 Effective March 1, 1997 "Control of Test Conduct" Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Jude M. Clark Approved by: _________________________________________________ Date: _______________ Donald B. Karner Procedure ETA-AC002 Revision 2 2 ©1997 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Objectives 3 2.0 Purpose 3 3.0 Documentation 3 4.0 Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 4 5.0 Personnel Qualifications 5 6.0 Activity Requirements 6 7.0 Supplemental Activity Requirements 8 8.0 Glossary 9 9.0 References 10 Procedure ETA-AC002 Revision 2 3 ©1997

126

ETA-AC006  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Revision 2 Effective: March 1, 1997 Vehicle Verification Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: _______________________________ Date:__________ Jude M. Clark Approved by: _________________________________________________ Date: ______________ Donald B. Karner ETA-AC006 Revision 2 2 ©1997 Electric Transportation Applications All Rights Reserved TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Objectives 3 2.0 Purpose 3 3.0 Documentation 3 4.0 Initial Conditions and Prerequisites 4 5.0 Verification Requirements 5 6.0 Glossary 11 7.0 References 12 Appendices Appendix A - Manufacturer's Proposal Review Check List 13 Appendix B - Vehicle Receipt Check List 18 ETA-AC006 Revision 2 3

127

Table AC1. Total Households Using Air-Conditioning Equipment, 2005 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table AC1. Total Households Using Air-Conditioning Equipment, 2005 Million U.S. Households Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment (millions) Central System

128

Table AC6. Average Consumption for Air-Conditioning by Equipment ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Central System 5 Table AC6. Average Consumption for Air-Conditioning by Equipment Type, 2005 Million British Thermal Units (Btu) per Household

129

Table AC7. Average Expenditures for Air-Conditioning by Equipment ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Central System 5 Table AC7. Average Expenditures for Air-Conditioning by Equipment Type, 2005 Dollars per Household Type of Air-Conditioning Equipment

130

Power upgrading of transmission line by combining AC-DC transmission  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long extra high voltage (EHV) ac lines cannot be loaded to their thermal limits in order to keep sufficient margin against transient instability. With the scheme proposed in this project, it is possible to load these lines very close to their thermal ... Keywords: extra high voltage (EHV)transmission, flexible ac transmission system (FACTS), power system computer-aided design(PSCAD), simultaneous ac-dc power transmission

Jarupula Somlal

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Diagnostics of the Fermilab Tevatron using an AC dipole  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Fermilab Tevatron is currently the world's highest energy colliding beam facility. Its counter-rotating proton and antiproton beams collide at 2 TeV center-of-mass. Delivery of such intense beam fluxes to experiments has required improved knowledge of the Tevatron's beam optical lattice. An oscillating dipole magnet, referred to as an AC dipole, is one of such a tool to non-destructively assess the optical properties of the synchrotron. We discusses development of an AC dipole system for the Tevatron, a fast-oscillating (f {approx} 20 kHz) dipole magnet which can be adiabatically turned on and off to establish sustained coherent oscillations of the beam particles without affecting the transverse emittance. By utilizing an existing magnet and a higher power audio amplifier, the cost of the Tevatron AC dipole system became relatively inexpensive. We discuss corrections which must be applied to the driven oscillation measurements to obtain the proper interpretation of beam optical parameters from AC dipole studies. After successful operations of the Tevatron AC dipole system, AC dipole systems, similar to that in the Tevatron, will be build for the CERN LHC. We present several measurements of linear optical parameters (beta function and phase advance) for the Tevatron, as well as studies of non-linear perturbations from sextupole and octupole elements.

Miyamoto, Ryoichi; /Texas U.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Small-Signal Analysis of Hybrid Distributed Generation System with HVDC-Link and Energy Storage Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A small-signal analysis of isolated autonomous hybrid system with high voltage direct current link (HVDC) or high voltage alternating current (HVAC) line for different energy storage combinations is proposed in this paper. The hybrid systems supplying ...

P. K. Ray; S. R. Mohanty; Nand Kishor; A. Mohanty

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

SERF photovoltaic systems. Technical report on system performance for the period, August 1, 1994--July 31, 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents an analysis of performance data on the two identical, 6 kW{sub ac}, grid-connected photovoltaic systems located on the roof of the Solar Energy Research Facility building at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado. The data cover the monitoring period August 1, 1994, to July 31, 1995, and the performance parameters analyzed include direct current and alternating current power, aperture-area efficiency, energy, capacity factor, and performance index. These parameters are compared to plane-of-array irradiance, ambient temperature, and back-of-module temperature as a function of time, either daily or monthly. We also obtained power ratings of the systems for data corresponding to different test conditions. This study has shown, in addition to expected seasonal trends, that system monitoring is a valuable tool in assessing performance and detecting faulty equipment. Furthermore, methods applied for this analysis may be used to evaluate and compare systems using cells of different technologies. The systems were both found to be operating at approximately 7% below their estimated rating, which was based on Photovoltaics for Utility-Scale Applications test conditions. This may be attributed to the design inverter efficiency being estimated at 95% compared to measured values of approximately 88%, as well as the fact that aperture-area efficiency that was overestimated at 12.8% compared to a measured value of 11.0%. The continuous monitoring also revealed faulty peak-power point tracking equipment.

Dyk, E.E. van; Strand, T.R.; Hansen, R.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

May, Locascio Honored as ACS Fellows  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May, Locascio Honored as ACS Fellows. ... May and Locascio will be inducted as fellows during the ACS National Meeting in Denver, Colo., on Aug. ...

2011-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

135

Improvements in power quality and efficiency with a new AC/DC high current converter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A very flexible AC/DC converter featuring high-output current, reduced voltage ripple and highly adjustable current control is described. The whole system consists of four stages and uses a proper switching technique in conjunction with a feedback control ... Keywords: AC/DC converter, FFT, electrical distribution systems, high direct-current, power quality

Francesco Muzi; Luigi Passacantando

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Data:B4671c18-8c9d-4671-ac83-5396add6541a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

71c18-8c9d-4671-ac83-5396add6541a 71c18-8c9d-4671-ac83-5396add6541a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Blanchester, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: This rate is available to all single family residential units, apartment units, and churches at 120-240 volts, single phase, alternating current at 60 cycles. Source or reference: Binder #5B (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

137

Magnetic and electric field testing of the Amtrak Northeast Corridor and New Jersey transit/North Jersey coast line rail systems. Volume 2. Appendices. Final report, May 1993-March 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The safety of magnetically levitated (maglev) and high speed rail (HSR) trains proposed for application in the United States is the responsibility of the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The characterization of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by both steady (dc) and alternating currents (ac) at power frequency (50 Hz in Europe and 60 Hz in the U.S.) and above, in the Extreme Low Frequency (ELF) range (3-3000 Hz), is of interest with respect to any potential health effects these fields may have on the public and on transportation workers. An EMF survey of National Rail Passengers Corporation trains operating on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) was performed, as part of a comprehensive comparative safety assessment of the German Transrapid (TR-07) maglev system and of existing (NEC and transit trains) and advanced rail systems (the French TGV). The report is Volume 2 of two volumes. A portable magnetic field monitoring system (augmented to include an electric fields probe) was used to sample, record and store three-axis static and ac magnetic fields waveforms simultaneously, at multiple locations. A real time Digital Audio Tape (DAT) recorder able to capture EMF transients, and two personal power-frequency magnetic field monitors were used to collect complementary data.

Dietrich, F.M.; Robertson, D.C.; Steiner, G.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Magnetic and electric field testing of the Amtrak Northeast Corridor and New Jersey Transit/North Jersey coast line rail systems. Volume 1. Analysis. Final report, May 1992-March 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The safety of magnetically levitated (maglev) and high speed rail (HSR) trains proposed for application in the United States is the responsibility of the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA). The characterization of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by both steady (dc) and alternating currents (ac) at power frequency (50 Hz in Europe and 60 Hz in the U.S.) and above, in the Extreme Low Frequency (ELF) range (3-3000 Hz), is of interest with respect to any potential health effects these fields may have on the public and on transportation workers. An EMF survey of National Rail Passengers Corporation trains operating on the Northeast Corridor (NEC) was performed, as part of a comprehensive comparative safety assessment of the German Transrapid (TR-07) maglev system, and of existing (NEC and transit trains) and advanced rail systems (the French TGV). The report is Volume 1 of two volumes. A portable magnetic field monitoring system (augmented to include an electric fields probe) was used to sample, record and store three-axis static and ac magnetic fields waveforms simultaneously, at multiple locations. A real time Digital Audio Tape (DAT) recorder able to capture EMF transients, and two personal power-frequency magnetic field monitors were used to collect complementary data.

Dietrich, F.M.; Feero, W.E.; Papas, P.N.; Steiner, G.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

New codes and standards for utility - interconnection of AC PV modules  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) modules that provide only ac power give new dimensions to the use of, and utility interface of, PV systems because all of the dc issues are virtually eliminated. These AC PV modules offer the important advantage that customers may now purchase a PV system without hiring a design engineer. A qualified electrician will be able to install a complete PV system that performs as expected and meets local electrical codes. Simple installations of additional AC PV modules will be possible once the proper branch circuit wiring and protection have been installed. Codes and standards are currently being written to address the utility-interconnect issues for AC PV modules and other interactive inverters. An industry-supported Task Group has recently written and submitted proposals for changes to bring Article 690 of the 1999 National Electrical Code{reg_sign} (NEC{reg_sign}) up to the state-of-the-art for PV devices such as AC PV modules. This paper summarizes the proposed code changes and standards related to the evolving AC PV module technology in the United States. Topics such as the need for dedicated branch circuits for AC PV modules in residential applications are discussed and analyzed. Requirements for limiting the number of AC modules on a branch circuit and the listing requirements that make safe installations are discussed. Coordination of all standards activities for AC module installations, the building-integrated perspectives, and utility-interface issues is discussed.

Bower, W.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Fuzzy gain scheduling technique for power flow control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An application of fuzzy logic based control for power systems governing multiple Flexible Alternating Current Transmission System (FACTS) devices is described here. Sufficiently accurate relations have been derived to determine setpoints of FACTS ... Keywords: AC transmission, FACTS devices, Switzerland, flexible alternating current transmission system, fuzzy control, fuzzy gain scheduling, fuzzy logic, power flow control, power systems, sensitivity analysis

Alexandre Oudalov; Petr Korba; Rachid Cherkaoui; Alain J. Germond

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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141

A Multi-Level Grid Interactive Bi-directional AC/DC-DC/AC Converter and a Hybrid Battery/Ultra-capacitor Energy Storage System with Integrated Magnetics for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study presents a bi-directional multi-level power electronic interface for the grid interactions of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as well as a novel bi-directional power electronic converter for the combined operation of battery/ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage systems (ESS). The grid interface converter enables beneficial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) interactions in a high power quality and grid friendly manner; i.e, the grid interface converter ensures that all power delivered to/from grid has unity power factor and almost zero current harmonics. The power electronic converter that provides the combined operation of battery/ultra-capacitor system reduces the size and cost of the conventional ESS hybridization topologies while reducing the stress on the battery, prolonging the battery lifetime, and increasing the overall vehicle performance and efficiency. The combination of hybrid ESS is provided through an integrated magnetic structure that reduces the size and cost of the inductors of the ESS converters. Simulation and experimental results are included as prove of the concept presenting the different operation modes of the proposed converters.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems Title Catalog of DC Appliances and Power Systems Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5364E Year of Publication 2011 Authors Garbesi, Karina, Vagelis Vossos, and Hongxia Shen Document Number LBNL-5364E Date Published October Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract This document catalogs the characteristics of current and potential future direct current (DC) products and power systems. It is part of a larger U.S. Department of Energy-funded project, "Direct-DC Power Systems for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Integration with a Residential and Small Commercial Focus". That project is investigating the energy-savings potential, benefits, and barriers of using DC generated by on-site renewable energy systems directly in its DC form, rather than converting it first to alternating current (AC) for distribution to loads. Two related reports resulted from this work: this Catalog and a companion report that addresses direct-DC energy savings in U.S. residential buildings.Interest in 'direct-DC' is motivated by a combination of factors: the very rapid increase in residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) power systems in the United States; the rapid expansion in the current and expected future use of energy efficient products that utilize DC power internally; the demonstrated energy savings of direct-DC in commercial data centers; and the current emergence of direct-DC power standards and products designed for grid-connected residential and commercial products. Based on an in-depth study of DC appliances and power systems, we assessed off-grid markets for DC appliances, the DC compatibility of mainstream electricity end-uses, and the emerging mainstream market for direct-DC appliances and power systems.

143

AC resistance measuring instrument  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An auto-ranging AC resistance measuring instrument for remote measurement of the resistance of an electrical device or circuit connected to the instrument includes a signal generator which generates an AC excitation signal for application to a load, including the device and the transmission line, a monitoring circuit which provides a digitally encoded signal representing the voltage across the load, and a microprocessor which operates under program control to provide an auto-ranging function by which range resistance is connected in circuit with the load to limit the load voltage to an acceptable range for the instrument, and an auto-compensating function by which compensating capacitance is connected in shunt with the range resistance to compensate for the effects of line capacitance. After the auto-ranging and auto-compensation functions are complete, the microprocessor calculates the resistance of the load from the selected range resistance, the excitation signal, and the load voltage signal, and displays of the measured resistance on a digital display of the instrument. 8 figs.

Hof, P.J.

1983-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

144

Weights and Measures State Directors AC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State Directors AC. Alaska. Mailing Address, Contact Information. Alaska Division of Measurement Standards/CVE 11900 ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

145

A new arrangement of AC/DC converters for high direct-current applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel AC/DC converter designed for high-output direct currents and tight output voltage regulations is introduced. The proposed converter exhibits good efficiency and very low output voltage ripple. In order to verify the performances of the four-stage ... Keywords: AC/DC converter, FFT, electrical distribution systems, high direct-current

Francesco Muzi; Luigi Passacantando

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Study on the operation of a low-voltage AC microgrid with multiple distributed generations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to study the operation of a grid-connected low-voltage AC microgrid with multiple distributed generations (DGs). First of all, a 400 V low-voltage AC microgrid integrated with a 30 kW microturbine generator, a 13 kW photovoltaic generation ... Keywords: distributed generators, distribution systems, microgrids, steady-state analysis, three-phase power flow

Wei-Tzer Huang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Control of Parallel-Connected Bidirectional AC-DC Converters in Stationary Frame for Microgrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control of Parallel-Connected Bidirectional AC-DC Converters in Stationary Frame for Microgrid-- With the penetration of renewable energy in modern power system, microgrid has become a popular application worldwide. In this paper, parallel-connected bidirectional converters for AC and DC hybrid microgrid application

Teodorescu, Remus

148

Stabilizing technique for AC-DC boost PFC converter based on time delay feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that the ac-dc power factor correction (PFC) boost preregulator can present instability at the line frequency. This nonlinear phenomenon can jeopardize the system performances by increasing the total harmonic distortion and decreasing ... Keywords: ac-dc converters, line frequency instability, power factor correction (PFC), time delay feedback (TDF)

Abdelali El Aroudi; Mohamed Orabi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Safety of high speed guided ground transportation systems: Comparison of magnetic and electric fields of conventional and advanced electrified transportation systems. Final report, September 1992-March 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concerns exist regarding the potential safety, environmental and health effects on the public and on transportation workers due to electrification along new or existing rail corridors, and to proposed maglev and high speed rail operations. Therefore, the characterization of electric and magnetic fields (EMF) produced by both steady (dc) and alternating currents (ac) at power frequency (50 Hz in Europe and 60 Hz in the U.S.) and above, in the Extreme Low Frequency (ELF) range (3-3000 Hz) is of interest. The report summarizes and compares the results of a survey of EMF characteristics (spatial, temporal and frequency bands) for representative conventional railroad and transit and advanced high-speed systems including: the German TR-07 maglev system; the Amtrak Northeast Corridor (NEC) and North Jersey Transit (NJT) trains; the Washington, DC Metrorail (WMATA) and the Boston, MA (MBTA) transit systems; and the French TGV-A high speed rail system. This comprehensive comparative EMF survey produced both detailed data and statistical summaries of EMF profiles, and their variability in time and space. EMF ELF levels for WMATA are also compared to those produced by common environmental sources at home, work, and under power lines, but have specific frequency signatures.

Dietrich, F.M.; Feero, W.E.; Jacobs, W.L.

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

An Annotated Bibliography of High-Voltage Direct-Current Transmission and Flexible AC Transmission (FACTS) Devices, 1991-1993.  

SciTech Connect

References are contained for HVDC systems, converter stations and components, overhead transmission lines, cable transmission, system design and operations, simulation of high voltage direct current systems, high-voltage direct current installations, and flexible AC transmission system (FACTS).

Litzenberger, Wayne; Lava, Val

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

ODOD - Advanced Energy Program Grants - Non-Residential Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

system must generate a minimum of 3,000 kWh Alternative Current (AC) per year at the average wind speed for the site. The maximum incentive is 40% of the eligible system costs or...

152

AC Loss Measurements on a 2G YBCO Coil  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is collaborating with Waukesha Electric Systems (WES) to continue development of HTS power transformers. For compatibility with the existing power grid, a commercially viable HTS transformer will have to operate at high voltages in the range of 138 kV and above, and will have to withstand 550-kV impulse voltages as well. Second-generation (2G) YBCO coated conductors will be required for an economically-competitive design. In order to adequately size the refrigeration system for these transformers, the ac loss of these HTS coils must be characterized. Electrical AC loss measurements were conducted on a prototype high voltage (HV) coil with co-wound stainless steel at 60 Hz in a liquid nitrogen bath using a lock-in amplifier technique. The prototype HV coil consisted of 26 continuous (without splice) single pancake coils concentrically centered on a stainless steel former. For ac loss measurement purposes, voltage tap pairs were soldered across each set of two single pancake coils so that a total of 13 separate voltage measurements could be made across the entire length of the coil. AC loss measurements were taken as a function of ac excitation current. Results show that the loss is primarily concentrated at the ends of the coil where the operating fraction of critical current is the highest and show a distinct difference in current scaling of the losses between low current and high current regimes.

Rey, Christopher M [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Schwenterly, S W [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

DE-AC05-06OR23100 Section H  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DE-AC05-06OR23100 DE-AC05-06OR23100 Section H - Page 1 of 29 PART I - SCHEDULE SECTION H SPECIAL CONTRACT REQUIREMENTS H.1 CONSECUTIVE NUMBERING (MAY 1997)......................................................................... 4 H.2 MODIFICATION AUTHORITY (MAY 1997) ....................................................................... 4 H.3 OVERSIGHT OF CONTRACTOR (OCT 2004)..................................................................... 4 H.4 SMALL BUSINESS SUBCONTRACTING PLAN (SEPT 1999)............................................ 5 H.5 SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY AWARENESS PROGRAM (MAY 1997)........................ 5 H.6 QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM ALTERNATE I (JUL 2004).......................................... 5 H.7 CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION (MAY 1997)...................................................... 6 H.8 INDIRECT

154

Alternating two-way AC-tree automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore the notion of alternating two-way tree automata modulo the theory of finitely many associative-commutative (AC) symbols. This was prompted by questions arising in cryptographic protocol verification, in particular in modeling group key agreement ... Keywords: Alternating tree automata, Associative-commutative, Branching vector addition systems with states, Cryptographic protocols, Resolution, Tree automata, Two-way tree automata

Kumar Neeraj Verma; Jean Goubault-Larrecq

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Microsoft Word - HgAcBr  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(AC-Br) (DARCO Hg- LH, Norit Americas Inc.) and brominated activated carbon fibers (ACF-Br) (Illinois State Geological Survey and University of Illinois). The AC-Br sorbents...

156

Smartgrid EV Communication module (SpEC) SAE DC Charging Digital Communication Controller  

One of the major drawbacks of electric vehicles (EVs) is the long period of time required to recharge EV batteries. While regular Alternating Current (AC) charging systems are sufficient for overnight charging of these vehicles at home or at the ...

157

Data:D0f4ac6d-44e2-4291-93ac-7bad270f8d9b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac6d-44e2-4291-93ac-7bad270f8d9b ac6d-44e2-4291-93ac-7bad270f8d9b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cooperative L&P Assn Lake Cnty Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Heat Pumps Sector: Residential Description: Both Air-source and Ground-source heat pumps use either the dual fuel or general service rate, depending on if you install a back-up heating system. Note: General service rates apply until back up fuel system is installed and operational. Contact your local heating contractor for any equipment information. Source or reference: http://www.clpower.com/?p=14

158

Fundamentals of Electric Power Conversion: Volume 1: Operating Characteristics and Testing of AC Induction Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prominence of ac motor-driven systems in the energy consumption field has made them the target of numerous efficiency improvements. This report describes how induction motors work, explains their characteristics, and discusses induction motor testing.

1999-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

159

On-Chip AC self-test controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for performing AC self-test on an integrated circuit that includes a system clock for normal operation is provided. The system includes the system clock, self-test circuitry, a first and second test register to capture and launch test data in response to a sequence of data pulses, and a logic circuit to be tested. The self-test circuitry includes an AC self-test controller and a clock splitter. The clock splitter generates the sequence of data pulses including a long data capture pulse followed by an at speed data launch pulse and an at speed data capture pulse followed by a long data launch pulse. The at speed data launch pulse and the at speed data capture pulse are generated for a common cycle of the system clock.

Flanagan, John D. (Rhinebeck, NY); Herring, Jay R. (Poughkeepsie, NY); Lo, Tin-Chee (Fishkill, NY)

2009-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

160

A Modular Access Control Architecture for the Earth System Grid Philip Kershaw (philip.kershaw@stfc.ac.uk) (1), Rachana Ananthakrishnan (ranantha@mcs.anl.gov) (2), Luca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Corporation for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, USA For submission to GCA 2011 Keywords: CMIP5, ESGF, OPe for the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF), including a standard mechanism for securing OPeNDAP (OpenCDF (Network Common Data Form) software libraries to support this paradigm. ESGF is an international

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Plant Support Engineering: Aging Management Program Development Guidance for AC and DC Low-Voltage Power Cable Systems for Nuclear P ower Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regulatory and management concern regarding the reliability of low-voltage power cable systems at nuclear plants has been increasing for the past 510 years. The staff of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission are concerned that wetted (up to and including submergence) low-voltage power cable circuits may be degrading to the point at which multiple cable circuits may fail when called on to perform functions affecting safety. Utility managers are concerned that cables may fail, causing adverse sa...

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

162

Data:8a9dc1ac-bcfe-4c09-b853-c0934cbcbcdd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dc1ac-bcfe-4c09-b853-c0934cbcbcdd dc1ac-bcfe-4c09-b853-c0934cbcbcdd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jay County Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE A-RESIDENTIAL, FARM AND SMALL COMMERCIAL Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available to any member of the REMC, located on its lines for general residential, farm, and small commercial use up to a metered demand of fifty kilovoltamp (50 KVA). CHARACTER OF SERVICE The type of service rendered under this schedule shall be alternating current, sixty (60) Hertz, single phase at a voltage of approximately 120/240 volts, three wire, or other voltage that might be mutually agreed upon.

163

Assessment of US electric vehicle programs with ac powertrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AC powertrain technology is a promising approach to improving the performance of electric vehicles. Four major programs are now under way in the United States to develop ac powertrains: the Ford/General Electric single-shaft electric propulsion system (ETX-II), the Eaton dual-shaft electric propulsion system (DSEP), the Jet Propulsion Laboratories (JPL) integrated ac motor drive and recharge system, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) variable reluctance motor (VRM) drive. The JPL program is sponsored by EPRI; the other three programs are funded by the US Department of Energy. This preliminary assessment of the four powertrain programs focuses on potential performance, costs, safety, and commercial feasibility. Interviews with program personnel were supplemented by computer simulations of electric vehicle performance using the four systems. Each of the four powertrains appears superior to standard dc powertrain technology in terms of performance and weight. The powertrain technologies studied in this assessment are at varying degrees of technological maturity. One or more of the systems may be ready for incorporation into an advanced electric vehicle during the early 1990s. Each individual report will have a separate abstract. 5 refs., 37 figs., 29 tabs.

Kevala, R.J. (Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Bethesda, MD (USA). Transportation Consulting Div.)

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

AC 95 - selected readings  

SciTech Connect

Reports are presented on energy efficiency and conservation in residential buildings. Topics include housing and energy linkages; the people factor; low-income initiatives; green visions; utility programs; affordable comfort; housing as a system; and pressures and air flow in buildings.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

AOCS Official Method Ac 1-45  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sampling AOCS Official Method Ac 1-45 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION SCOPE Applicable to soybeans. 7BEE304BFEC99451

166

Radionuclide calorimeter system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A circuit for measuring temperature differentials in a calorimeter is disclosed. The temperature differential between the reference element and sample element containing a radioactive material is measured via a Wheatstone bridge arrangement of thermistors. The bridge is driven with an alternating current on a pulsed basis to maintain the thermal floor of the calorimeter at a low reference value. A lock-in amplifier connected to the bridge phase locks a signal from the bridge to the input pulsed AC signal to provide a DC voltage. The DC voltage is sampled over time and provided to a digital computer. The digital computer, using curve fitting algorithms, will derive a function for the sample data. From the function, an equilibrium value for the temperature may be calculated. 7 figures.

Donohoue, T.P.; Oertel, C.P.; Tyree, W.H.; Valdez, J.L.

1991-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

167

Radionuclide calorimeter system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A circuit for measuring temperature differentials in a calorimeter is disclosed. The temperature differential between the reference element and sample element containing a radioactive material is measured via a wheatstone bridge arrangement of thermistors. The bridge is driven with an alternating current on a pulsed basis to maintain the thermal floor of the calorimeter at a low reference value. A lock-in amplifier connected to the bridge phase locks a signal from the bridge to the input pulsed AC signal to provide a DC voltage. The DC voltage is sampled over time and provided to a digital computer. The digital computer, using curve fitting algorithms, will derive a function for the sample data. From the function, an equilibrium value for the temperature may be calculated.

Donohoue, Thomas P. (Denver, CO); Oertel, Christopher P. (Arvada, CO); Tyree, William H. (Boulder, CO); Valdez, Joe L. (Denver, CO)

1991-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

168

Enhanced distributed energy resource system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A power transmission system including a direct current power source electrically connected to a conversion device for converting direct current into alternating current, a conversion device connected to a power distribution system through a junction, an energy storage device capable of producing direct current connected to a converter, where the converter, such as an insulated gate bipolar transistor, converts direct current from an energy storage device into alternating current and supplies the current to the junction and subsequently to the power distribution system. A microprocessor controller, connected to a sampling and feedback module and the converter, determines when the current load is higher than a set threshold value, requiring triggering of the converter to supply supplemental current to the power transmission system.

Atcitty, Stanley (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, Nancy H. (Corrales, NM); Boyes, John D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ranade, Satishkumar J. (Las Cruces, NM)

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

169

Superconducting magnetic energy storage for asynchronous electrical systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting magnetic energy storage coil connected in parallel between converters of two or more ac power systems provides load leveling and stability improvement to any or all of the ac systems. Control is provided to direct the charging and independently the discharging of the superconducting coil to at least a selected one of the ac power systems.

Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Offshore Wind Park Connection to an HVDC Platform, without using an AC Collector Platform.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis investigates the comparison between two different alternating current topologies of an offshore wind farms connection to an offshore high voltage direct current (more)

Ahmad, Haseeb

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

WIND ENERGY POWER CONVERSION SYSTEM REDUCING GEARBOX STRESS ...  

A wind energy power conversion system includes a gearbox, a generator, an AC to DC power converter, a DC link, and a DC to AC power converter, and at least one ...

172

AC Loss Measurements with a Cryocooled Sample  

SciTech Connect

A new cryostat cooled by a closed-cycle Cryomech GB-37 cryocooler for superconductor measurements at temperatures down to 20 K is described. The sample is conductively coupled to the cold stage so as to minimize vibration and thermal stresses. AC losses have been measured calorimetrically in several HTSC coils that have been wound to simulate sub-scale transformer winding pairs. Stable temperatures down to 20 K were reached on these coils, allowing measurements at practical levels of ac current and I{sub c}. By using short ac current pulses, losses on individual turns could be resolved. Results are reported mainly to showcase the apparatus, measurement procedure and analytical approach.

Schwenterly, S.W.

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

CX-004129: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4129: Categorical Exclusion Determination 4129: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-004129: Categorical Exclusion Determination Distributed Generation Transformer for Megawatt-Scale Wind Turbines using Alternating Current-Link CX(s) Applied: B3.6, B5.1 Date: 09/17/2010 Location(s): Princeton, New Jersey Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Using commercially available switches, Princeton Power Systems, Inc., proposes to develop a 1.5 megawatt alternating current (AC) converter that transforms ?wild AC? from the generator at 700 volts alternating current (Vac) into conditioned AC power at 13.8 kilovolts alternating current, in a package with power density of 2.5 megawatts per meters cubed and peak efficiency of 97.5%. The technology provides conditioning and voltage transformation in one step and an integrated terminal for connecting energy

174

Definition: Inverter | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inverter Inverter Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Inverter A device that converts direct current electricity to alternating current either for stand-alone systems or to supply power to an electricity grid.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A power inverter, or inverter, is an electrical power converter that changes direct current (DC) to alternating current (AC). The input voltage, output voltage, and frequency are dependent on design. Static inverters do not use moving parts in the conversion process. Some applications for inverters include converting high-voltage direct current electric utility line power to AC, and deriving AC from DC power sources such as batteries. Related Terms Direct current, Alternating current, Electric grid, Distributed generation, alternating current, electricity generation, power, fuel

175

Measurements of AC Losses and Current Distribution in Superconducting Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents our new experimental facility and techniques to measure ac loss and current distribution between the layers for High Temperature Superconducting (HTS) cables. The facility is powered with a 45 kVA three-phase power supply which can provide three-phase currents up to 5 kA per phase via high current transformers. The system is suitable for measurements at any frequency between 20 and 500 Hz to better understand the ac loss mechanisms in HTS cables. In this paper, we will report techniques and results for ac loss measurements carried out on several HTS cables with and without an HTS shielding layer. For cables without a shielding layer, care must be taken to control the effect of the magnetic fields from return currents on loss measurements. The waveform of the axial magnetic field was also measured by a small pick-up coil placed inside a two-layer cable. The temporal current distribution between the layers can be calculated from the waveform of the axial field.

Nguyen, Doan A [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Ashworth, Stephen P [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Carter, Bill [AMSC; Fleshler, Steven [AMER Superconductor Corp, Devens, MA 01434

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Data:55078b90-77aa-45e5-9897-745ed4ac476b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-77aa-45e5-9897-745ed4ac476b -77aa-45e5-9897-745ed4ac476b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Whitewater Valley Rural EMC Effective date: 2010/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SP - Small Power Service (Multi Phase) Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available to members of the REMC whose maximum load requirements do not exceed 100 KVA transformer capacity for single-phase. Transformer capacity maximum is not applicable to three-phase; however, regardless of service provided, customers whose 12-month average demand exceeds 100 kW will automatically be transferred to the appropriate rate. The minimum monthly demand is 10kW. TYPE OF SERVICE Alternating current, 60-hertz, single phase, 120/240 volts; or three-phase, 240 volts or other standard voltage values mutually agreeable to the member and the REMC. Standard voltage values mutually agreeable to the member and the REMC. Standby or resale service is not permitted under this rate schedule.

177

Data:88a88b2d-fbc8-45ea-a9f5-d235ac61d267 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d-fbc8-45ea-a9f5-d235ac61d267 d-fbc8-45ea-a9f5-d235ac61d267 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule GS: General Service Non-Demand Electric Rate Schedule Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY: This schedule is available to any member of the REMC located within the territory served by Kankakee Valley Rural Electric Membership Corporation that utilizes power on a year-round basis. Customers that use power less than nine months out of the year are served under rate schedules SP, SR, CSP, or SPTOU. APPLICATION: This schedule is applicable to all single phase farm and small commercial electric service required for lighting, power and any other purpose for which no other specific rate is applicable. CHARACTER OF SERVICE: Service under this schedule shall be single phase, 60 Hertz, alternating current at the REMC's available standard voltages. All electric service required on the premises by the customer will be supplied through one meter. Standby or resale service is not permitted hereunder.

178

Data:6124d288-13ac-494e-97ff-4d5b4c6bd67f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d288-13ac-494e-97ff-4d5b4c6bd67f d288-13ac-494e-97ff-4d5b4c6bd67f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Upper Peninsula Power Co Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Dusk To Dawn Outdoor Security Lighting Z-3 MH 400 W Sector: Lighting Description: Any customer for dusk to dawn outdoor security lighting where customer takes service at the same premises under a standard rate schedule. Additions to mercury vapor lighting services are closed to new customers. Daily from dusk to dawn. Single-phase, alternating current, 60 hertz, nominally at 120 volts. Type of Facility Monthly Charge Additional Wood Pole $3.80/pole Span of Conductor (200 feet) $2.74/span

179

Data:207c7a63-587d-4998-ac93-d427f10beaf5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

587d-4998-ac93-d427f10beaf5 587d-4998-ac93-d427f10beaf5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kankakee Valley Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule LPTOU: Large Power Time of Use Sector: Industrial Description: AVAILABILITY: This schedule is available to any member of the REMC located within the territory served by Kankakee Valley Rural Electric Membership Corporation that utilizes power on a year-round basis. Customers that use power less than nine months out of the year are served under rate schedules SP, SR, CSP, or SPTOU. APPLICATION: This schedule is applicable to all electric service required for lighting, power, and any other purpose requiring less than 1,000 kVA installed transformer capacity for which no other specific rate schedule is applicable. CHARACTER OF SERVICE: Service under this schedule shall be single phase or three phase, 60 Hertz, alternating current at the REMC's available standard voltages. All service required on the premises by the customer will be supplied through one meter. Standby or resale service is not permitted hereunder.

180

Data:F467d55e-7674-458a-ac46-4bcc4b5eccc9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5e-7674-458a-ac46-4bcc4b5eccc9 5e-7674-458a-ac46-4bcc4b5eccc9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of St Marys, Ohio (Utility Company) Effective date: 2001/06/10 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial General Service Rate 127-Primary-Rural Sector: Industrial Description: *Available to all customers within and outside the corporate limits of the City of St. Marys for lighting, heating, cooking and power. Character of service:120/240, 120/208, 208, 240, 480 Volt Alternating Current, 60 Hertz, Single or Three Phase as agreed to. Energy maximum charges: Under demand, energy & transmission, and distribution & ancillary charge provisions of this rate schedule, the first 600 kilowatt hours/month: $0.14/KWH. All over 600 kilowatt hours/month: $0.10/KWH

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

Data:B5ec11eb-ac00-4562-bc0a-73ae02bb23b9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec11eb-ac00-4562-bc0a-73ae02bb23b9 ec11eb-ac00-4562-bc0a-73ae02bb23b9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy New Orleans Inc Effective date: 2009/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Smal elctric service SE-23 Sector: Commercial Description: The rate is applicable to the alternating current electrical requirements of any customer at one location. Service hereunder is for the exclusive use of customer and shall not be resold, shared with or furnished to other except that customer may furnish service to its tenants if no specific charge is made therefor. Customer's electrical requirements at one location shall be served from a single metering installation except as follows: 1) any customer previously eligible for service under this rate, 2) any customer requiring separate service or services for exit lighting or other emergency purposes, x-ray or other special technical equipment or having electrical separated location in a building. Customer shall receive individual billing for each such installation.

182

Data:F96430e3-20fd-472c-9d8a-c0fac0d8ae78 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

430e3-20fd-472c-9d8a-c0fac0d8ae78 430e3-20fd-472c-9d8a-c0fac0d8ae78 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Richland, Washington (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 10: General Residential - Single Phase Sector: Residential Description: A. Availability: In all territory serviced by the City's electrical utility. B. Applicability: To domestic uses of electric energy by all residential customers not eligible under other rate schedules. C. Character of Service: Sixty (60) hertz alternating current of such phase and voltage as the electric utility may have available. D. Delivery Point: The following rates are based upon the supply of service to the entire premises through a single delivery and metering point. Separate supply for the same customer at other points of consumption shall be separately metered and billed.

183

Data:Ea266ab1-d223-4ac0-9d07-2230acd11bdc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ab1-d223-4ac0-9d07-2230acd11bdc ab1-d223-4ac0-9d07-2230acd11bdc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kerrville Public Utility Board Effective date: 2000/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial-for Energy less or equal to 2500 kWh Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable throughout the service area to all electric service required for lighting, power and any other purpose, other than residential service as defined in Rate Schedule - RS, and where the maximum demand in any month is less than 400 kW. Not applicable to standby, shared, or resale service. Service under this rate schedule shall be alternating current, 60 Hertz, single or three phase,at the customer's option of standard available secondary voltages.

184

Data:21866443-09a8-4ccc-a91b-a1ac16afd688 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

443-09a8-4ccc-a91b-a1ac16afd688 443-09a8-4ccc-a91b-a1ac16afd688 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Kosciusko County Rural E M C Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Large Power - Time of Use - Schedule LP-TOU Sector: Industrial Description: AVAILABILITY Available to any member of Kosciusko Rural Electric Membership Corporation(KREMC) meeting qualifications for service under Schedule LP. This schedule is not available for standby service or for use in conjunction with alternative power supply resources. CHARACTER OF SERVICE Service rendered under this schedule shall be alternating current, 60 hertz, at 120/240 volts or such other voltage as might be mutually agreed upon.

185

Poloidal Field Power Supply Systems for the HT-7U Steady-State Superconducting Tokamak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper gives a description of the poloidal field power supplies and the control system of the HT-7U superconducting tokamak required to energize the magnetic field coils for plasma excitation and confinement. An original configuration of alternating-current/direct-current (dc) converter, thyristor dc circuit breaker, and power supply control system are introduced in detail.

Fu, P.; Liu, Z.Z.; Xu, J.Z.; Gao, G.; Wen, J.L.; Cao, Y.; Song, Z.Q.; Tang, L.J.; Wang, L.S.; Liang, X.Y. [Institute of Plasma Physics (China)

2002-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

Winans of XSD Elected to ACS Fellowship  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Winans of XSD Elected to ACS Fellowship JULY 8, 2009 Bookmark and Share Randy Winans Randall E. Winans, Chemical and...

187

AOCS Official Method Ac 4-91  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Catalyst AOCS Official Method Ac 4-91 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines total nitrogen content and protein as 6.25 times the nitrogen content o

188

AOCS Official Method Ac 3-44  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil AOCS Official Method Ac 3-44 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the substances extracted from ground soybean seeds by petroleum ether under

189

AOCS Official Method Ac 5-41  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free Fatty Acids AOCS Official Method Ac 5-41 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the free fatty acids in oil removed from the seed by petroleum

190

AOCS Official Method Ac 2-41  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter AOCS Official Method Ac 2-41 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the moisture and any material that is volatile unde

191

Optimal Filtering of AC Output Anemometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The output of pulsed and AC output anemometers suffer from discretization noise when such anemometers are sampled at fast rates (>1 Hz). This paper describes the construction of an optimal filter designed to reduce this noise. By comparing the ...

J. C. Barnard; L. L. Wendell; V. R. Morris

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Single-shaft electric propulsion system technology development program -- ETX-II. Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1981, discussions between Ford and General Electric (GE) evolved a concept for an advanced electric vehicle powertrain, which was subsequently presented to the US Department of Energy (DOE) as an unsolicited proposal. The concept involved a combination of technology from Ford and GE that would result in a unique powertrain based on a motor and transmission concentric with the drive wheel axis. Initial work suggested that the entire motor/transaxle combination could be expected to be smaller and lighter than the direct current (dc) motors that were in use in electric vehicles at that time and that the powertrain could be expected to be more efficient than other available powertrains. This program (ETX-I) was awarded to Ford Motor Company and it was established that the most likely first introduction of an electric vehicle would be in the form of a fleet of small commercial vans. The ETX-II propulsion system concept was aimed at advancing the technology through improving the size, weight, efficiency, reliability, and cost characteristics of the ETX-I powertrain and by integrating advanced battery technologies compatible with the powertrain to form a complete propulsion system. Unique developments for the ETX-II program included the transaxle, a two-speed automatic transmission and three-phase interior permanent magnet alternating current (ac) motor on a common axis integrated with the rear axle of the test bed van; The traction battery selected for this propulsion system was the sodium-sulfur battery. This was the only advanced technology that had been developed to a point that would allow the test vehicle to have a range of over 160 kilometers (100 miles) without the battery exceeding 25% of the vehicle`s gross weight.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Single-shaft electric propulsion system technology development program -- ETX-II  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1981, discussions between Ford and General Electric (GE) evolved a concept for an advanced electric vehicle powertrain, which was subsequently presented to the US Department of Energy (DOE) as an unsolicited proposal. The concept involved a combination of technology from Ford and GE that would result in a unique powertrain based on a motor and transmission concentric with the drive wheel axis. Initial work suggested that the entire motor/transaxle combination could be expected to be smaller and lighter than the direct current (dc) motors that were in use in electric vehicles at that time and that the powertrain could be expected to be more efficient than other available powertrains. This program (ETX-I) was awarded to Ford Motor Company and it was established that the most likely first introduction of an electric vehicle would be in the form of a fleet of small commercial vans. The ETX-II propulsion system concept was aimed at advancing the technology through improving the size, weight, efficiency, reliability, and cost characteristics of the ETX-I powertrain and by integrating advanced battery technologies compatible with the powertrain to form a complete propulsion system. Unique developments for the ETX-II program included the transaxle, a two-speed automatic transmission and three-phase interior permanent magnet alternating current (ac) motor on a common axis integrated with the rear axle of the test bed van; The traction battery selected for this propulsion system was the sodium-sulfur battery. This was the only advanced technology that had been developed to a point that would allow the test vehicle to have a range of over 160 kilometers (100 miles) without the battery exceeding 25% of the vehicle's gross weight.

Not Available

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Data:E1267bc9-5bda-401f-bced-ac62531987b9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

67bc9-5bda-401f-bced-ac62531987b9 67bc9-5bda-401f-bced-ac62531987b9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Maine Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: A-TOU Residential Time of Use Short Term Bundled Standard Offer Sector: Residential Description: AVAILABILITY This rate is available for Residential Service taken on a continuous year-round basis at one point of delivery, except that service may be taken for a shorter period subject to the provisions of the short-term service charge. CHARACTER OF SERVICE End use service will be single phase, alternating current, 60 hertz, furnished at one standard secondary distribution voltage as described in the Company's Handbook of Requirements for Electric Service and Meter Installations. SHORT-TERM SERVICE CHARGE Customers who take short-term service will be billed for the first three months, or fraction thereof, $21.69 per month in addition to the regular monthly electric service rate (including the monthly minimum charge). A credit equal to one-ninth of the amount of short-term service charges billed during the first three months of short-term service will be applied to a short-term customer's bill for each month, or fraction thereof, that the short-term customer's term of service exceeds three months. In no case will the total amount of such credits exceed the total amount of short-term service charges billed. When seasonal service customers take service for less than twelve consecutive months, they will be considered to be short-term customers and their final bills will be adjusted to include any unbilled short-term service charges and credits.

195

Performance and economic comparison between point-to-point HVDC transmission and hybrid back-to-back HVDC/AC transmissions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two alternative schemes to interconnect asynchronous or independent ac systems by a limited capacity link are presented. The first alternative is a conventional point-to-point HVDC transmission system; the second alternative comprises an ac line terminated by an HVDC back- to-back link. Technical and operational properties of both schemes are illustrated with emphasis on var regulation capability and control flexibility to improve the overall performance of the interconnected ac systems. Cost comparisons for the principal components of the two alternatives are made. A brief description of two existing HVDC installations is given to demonstrate the practical implementation of the considered schemes.

Hammad, A.E. (ABB, Asea Brown Boveri Ltd., Baden (CH)); Long, W.F. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO283082010 Manufacturing Readiness Assessment Update to the 2008 Report for Fuel Cell Stacks and Systems for the Backup Power and Material Handling Equipment Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States government or any agency thereof. Available electronically at

Doug Wheeler; Michael Ulsh; Doug Wheeler; Michael Ulsh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

198

A complete electrical hazard classification system and its application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace, NFPA 70E, and relevant OSHA electrical safety standards evolved to address the hazards of 60-Hz power that are faced primarily by electricians, linemen, and others performing facility and utility work. This leaves a substantial gap in the management of electrical hazards in Research and Development (R&D) and specialized high voltage and high power equipment. Examples include lasers, accelerators, capacitor banks, electroplating systems, induction and dielectric heating systems, etc. Although all such systems are fed by 50/60 Hz alternating current (ac) power, we find substantial use of direct current (dc) electrical energy, and the use of capacitors, inductors, batteries, and radiofrequency (RF) power. The electrical hazards of these forms of electricity and their systems are different than for 50160 Hz power. Over the past 10 years there has been an effort to develop a method of classifying all of the electrical hazards found in all types of R&D and utilization equipment. Examples of the variation of these hazards from NFPA 70E include (a) high voltage can be harmless, if the available current is sufficiently low, (b) low voltage can be harmful if the available current/power is high, (c) high voltage capacitor hazards are unique and include severe reflex action, affects on the heart, and tissue damage, and (d) arc flash hazard analysis for dc and capacitor systems are not provided in existing standards. This work has led to a comprehensive electrical hazard classification system that is based on various research conducted over the past 100 years, on analysis of such systems in R&D, and on decades of experience. Initially, national electrical safety codes required the qualified worker only to know the source voltage to determine the shock hazard. Later, as arc flash hazards were understood, the fault current and clearing time were needed. These items are still insufficient to fully characterize all types of electrical hazards. The new comprehensive electrical hazard classification system uses a combination of voltage, shock current available, fault current available, power, energy, and waveform to classify all forms of electrical hazards. Based on this electrical hazard classification system, many new tools have been developed, including (a) work controls for these hazards, (b) better selection of PPE for R&D work, (c) improved training, and (d) a new Severity Ranking Tool that is used to rank electrical accidents and incidents with various forms of electrical energy.

Gordon, Lloyd B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cartelli, Laura [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY SPALLATION NEUTRON SOURCE ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS AVAILABILITY AND IMPROVEMENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SNS electrical systems have been operational for 4 years. System availability statistics and improvements are presented for AC electrical systems, DC and pulsed power supplies and klystron modulators.

Cutler, Roy I [ORNL; Peplov, Vladimir V [ORNL; Wezensky, Mark W [ORNL; Norris, Kevin Paul [ORNL; Barnett, William E [ORNL; Hicks, Jim [ORNL; Weaver, Joey T [ORNL; Moss, John [ORNL; Rust, Kenneth R [ORNL; Mize, Jeffery J [ORNL; Anderson, David E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

7AC Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC 7AC Technologies, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 498 likes 7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Air conditioning is a very large contributor to U.S. and world energy consumption. Heating and cooling costs for commercial and industrial buildings exceed 25 percent of U.S. primary energy consumption (cooling alone accounts for 4.5 Quads out of 40 Quads) and typically accounts for almost half of a building's operating costs. Air conditioning is also a significant cause of grid instability with cycling compressor motors turning on and off, and causing load issues on hot summer days. Conventional air conditioners improve efficiency only marginally every year and retrofitting older rooftop units does not result in significant energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

7AC Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC 7AC Technologies, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 498 likes 7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Air conditioning is a very large contributor to U.S. and world energy consumption. Heating and cooling costs for commercial and industrial buildings exceed 25 percent of U.S. primary energy consumption (cooling alone accounts for 4.5 Quads out of 40 Quads) and typically accounts for almost half of a building's operating costs. Air conditioning is also a significant cause of grid instability with cycling compressor motors turning on and off, and causing load issues on hot summer days. Conventional air conditioners improve efficiency only marginally every year and retrofitting older rooftop units does not result in significant energy

202

7AC Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7AC 7AC Technologies, Inc. America's Next Top Energy Innovator Challenge 498 likes 7AC Technologies, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Air conditioning is a very large contributor to U.S. and world energy consumption. Heating and cooling costs for commercial and industrial buildings exceed 25 percent of U.S. primary energy consumption (cooling alone accounts for 4.5 Quads out of 40 Quads) and typically accounts for almost half of a building's operating costs. Air conditioning is also a significant cause of grid instability with cycling compressor motors turning on and off, and causing load issues on hot summer days. Conventional air conditioners improve efficiency only marginally every year and retrofitting older rooftop units does not result in significant energy

203

EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 20: Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

into the grid 2 Application Areas 3 Photovoltaic System Basics · Photovoltaic Systems ­ Cell Panel Array1 EELE408 Photovoltaics Lecture 20: Photovoltaic Systems Dr. Todd J. Kaiser tjkaiser Panel 4 · DC · AC / = ACDC Charge Regulator Inverter Battery DC Load AC Load Modularity: Solar Cell

Kaiser, Todd J.

204

AC H I E V I NG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AC AC H I E V I NG The Department's strategic plan flow is highlighted in the cascade below beginning with the mission statement which flows to the strategic themes. The strategic themes connect to the broader strategic goals and are linked to the annual performance goals in the performance budget through the multi-year program plans. The multi-year program plans allow DOE to strategize over a five-year period how each program will implement the strategic goals of the Department. Annual performance goals and assessment of performance against prior-year

205

Data:C5af686d-a974-4eb7-934f-c7e57ac42e6a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

af686d-a974-4eb7-934f-c7e57ac42e6a af686d-a974-4eb7-934f-c7e57ac42e6a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jay County Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE B- FARM AND SMALL COMMERCIAL, THREE PHASE Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available to any member of the REMC, located on its lines for general farm and small commercial use up to a metered demand of fifty kilovoltamp. (50 KVA) CHARACTER OF SERVICE The type of service rendered under this schedule shall be alternating current, sixty (60) Hertz, three-phase, four-wire at approximately 120/240 volts overhead or other voltage that might be mutually agreed upon.

206

The Development of HVDC Transmission System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever increasing process of high-voltage high-power fully controlled semiconductor technology has promoted the flexible ac transmission systems ahead significantly. Developments advance both the HVDC power transmission and the flexible ac transmission ... Keywords: converters station, HVDC transmission systems, power electronics

Yang Zhou; Dao Zhuojiang; Yu Fenwang

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Remediation strategies of shaft and common mode voltages in adjustable speed drive systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??AC motors are largely used in a wide range of modern systems, from household appliances to automated industry applications such as: ventilations systems, fans, pumps, (more)

Adabi Firouzjaee, Jafar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Integrated Hydrogen and Intelligent Transportation Systems Evaluation for the California Department of Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electric drive systems for vehicles, demonstrated its V2G system with the companys Gen-2 AC150 drivetrain at the Electric Transportation Industry

Lipman, Timothy; Shaheen, Susan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Latest AC-DC News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... over the course of a week, using several different protocols. The agreement between the two systems was excellent:-0.1 nV at 10 V, with an ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

210

ACS_RRA_2001.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RRA' ST-10 8-28-2001 Common Thermal Desorption Steps * Hewlett Packard (HP) 5890 Series II gas chromatograph equipped with a sequential GERSTEL Thermo-desorption System (TDS...

211

Development of a low-cost integrated 20-kW ac solar tracking sub- array for grid-connected PV power system applications. Phase 1, Annual technical report, 11 July 1995--31 July 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall goal of this effort is to reduce the installed cost of utility scale grid connected photovoltaic power systems. The focus of the effort is on ``BOS`` (Balance-Of-System) component manufacturing technology, which essentially involves all PV power system engineering, manufacturing, assembly and construction tasks from the receipt of a PV module to the deliver of grid connected electricity.

Stern, M.; West, R.; Fourer, G.; Whalen, W.; Van Loo, M.; Duran, G. [Utility Power Group, Chatsworth, CA (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

AC Solar Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: AC Solar Inc Name AC Solar Inc Address P.O. Box 128 Place Florence, Colorado Zip 81226 Sector Solar Product Solar and wind sales for residential Website http://www.acsolar.com/ Coordinates 38.381551°, -105.112265° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.381551,"lon":-105.112265,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

213

ac-driven atomic quantum motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We invent an ac-driven quantum motor consisting of two different, interacting ultracold atoms placed into a ring-shaped optical lattice and submerged in a pulsating magnetic field. While the first atom carries a current, the second one serves as a quantum starter. For fixed zero-momentum initial conditions the asymptotic carrier velocity converges to a unique non-zero value. We also demonstrate that this quantum motor performs work against a constant load.

A. V. Ponomarev; S. Denisov; P. Hanggi

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

214

ac-driven atomic quantum motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We invent an ac-driven quantum motor consisting of two different, interacting ultracold atoms placed into a ring-shaped optical lattice and submerged in a pulsating magnetic field. While the first atom carries a current, the second one serves as a quantum starter. For fixed zero-momentum initial conditions the asymptotic carrier velocity converges to a unique non-zero value. We also demonstrate that this quantum motor performs work against a constant load.

Ponomarev, A V; Hnggi, P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Integration of Xantrex HY-100 Hybrid Inverter with an AC Induction Wind Turbine  

SciTech Connect

Several issues must be addressed before solid-state inverters can be used in wind-diesel systems with larger wind turbines. This project addresses those issues by using a commercial hybrid inverter designed for PV-diesel systems and modifying the inverter for use with an AC induction wind turbine. Another approach would have entailed building an inverter specifically for use with an AC induction wind turbine, but that was beyond the scope of this project. The inverter chosen for this project was a Xantrex HY-100, an inverter designed for PV systems. The unit consists of an inverter/rectifier bridge, a generator interface contactor, a battery charge controller, a hybrid controller, and the associated control electronics. Details of the inverter may be found in Appendix A. A twofold approach was taken to integrating the existing inverter for use with an AC induction wind turbine: 1) development of a detailed model to model both steady-state and transient behavior of the system, and 2) modification and testing of the inverter with an induction wind turbine based on the modeling results. This report describes these two tasks.

Corbus, D.; Newcomb, C.; Friedly, S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Surge Protection in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surge Protection in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits: An 8-part Anthology ... converting old and yellowing papers into 21st Century electronic files, and ...

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

AC vs DC Wizard Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AC vs DC Wizard compares the use of HVDC to HVAC in both new and existing overhead lines and in new underground cable ...

2012-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

218

Road to AC Voltage Standard Leads to Important Junction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Road to AC Voltage Standard Leads to Important Junction. ... Grumman in the mid-1990s.*** A number of innovations since then have led to the first ...

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

Mainstream Engineering Develops a Low-Cost Energy-Saving Device for A/C  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mainstream Engineering Develops a Low-Cost Energy-Saving Device Mainstream Engineering Develops a Low-Cost Energy-Saving Device for A/C Systems Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) SBIR/STTR Home About Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Applicant and Awardee Resources Commercialization Assistance Other Resources Awards SBIR/STTR Highlights Reporting Fraud Contact Information Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer U.S. Department of Energy SC-29/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-5707 F: (301) 903-5488 E: sbir-sttr@science.doe.gov More Information » January 2013 Mainstream Engineering Develops a Low-Cost Energy-Saving Device for A/C Systems Mainstream is achieving its goal to commercialize practical and

220

Host Utility Study of System Operating Impacts of FACTS Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexible AC Transmission system (FACTS) devices can enhance power system control via added economic transfers and increased security and reliability. This report assesses FACTS system impacts and identifies ways of improving system performance through centralized FACTS coordination and control.

1995-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

STYRIAN AcADEmY FoR SUSTAINABlE ENERGIES INTERNATIoNAl WINTER School 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STYRIAN AcADEmY FoR SUSTAINABlE ENERGIES INTERNATIoNAl WINTER School 2011 "SUSTAINABlE SmART cITIES climate, hazardous nuclear technologies, high investment costs for modernizing the energy system ­ are facing a pressure to change which will alter the image of the city. As a consequence, the compatibility

222

Data:9d390ac8-e291-4feb-a7cf-ac92814a88b4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

90ac8-e291-4feb-a7cf-ac92814a88b4 90ac8-e291-4feb-a7cf-ac92814a88b4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: CONTROLLED PRIVATE AREA LIGHTING: MV 1000W Flood Sector: Lighting Description: To any customer for lighting of outdoor areas on a dusk to dawn, photo-controlled, unmetered basis from Cooperative's existing distribution system. No additional lamps will be installed under this schedule after the effective date of September 26, 1994. Annual Rate/Unit= $436.56 1) For each additional standard distribution pole, not longer than thirty-five (35) feet, required for such area lighting supply is $1.42 per month. 2) For each one hundred (100) feet of overhead secondary circuit required is $ .53 per month. 3) Steel standards with maximum mounting height of thirty (30) feet and of the same type as used in street lighting will be furnished upon request provided the customer will be responsible for the placement of the concrete base and anchor bolts at the time of the installation and also for their removal upon termination of the leased lighting agreement. Monthly rental charge for each standard is $6.73. 4) Customer will be responsible for any underground circuits or special wiring.

223

The Risk Assessment Information System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-84OR21400. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Pyrene, also referred to as benzo(def)phenanthrene and...

224

AC impedance analysis of Au/porous silicon contacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present the AC impedance analysis of Au/porous silicon contacts in order to investigate their conduction mechanisms. The porous silicon layer was obtained by electrochemical etching of the p-Si wafer. The measurements were made between ... Keywords: AC electrical conductivity, Electrical equivalent circuit, Porous silicon

F. Fonthal; T. Trifonov; A. Rodriguez; L. F. Marsal; J. Pallars

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

www.mmu.ac.uk/careers Careers & Employability Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;www.mmu.ac.uk/careers Identifying courses · www.prospects.ac.uk/search_courses.htm · www: Courses to allow you to enter certain professions Courses that build your skills in a new area Examples · MRes (taught prep for further research) These usually involve lectures for the first two terms

226

Measurement of coupling resonance driving terms with the AC dipole  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Resonance driving terms for linear coupled betatron motion in a synchrotron ring can be determined from corresponding spectral lines of an excited coherent beam motion. An AC dipole is one of instruments to excite such a motion. When a coherent motion is excited with an AC dipole, measured Courant-Snyder parameters and betatron phase advance have apparent modulations, as if there is an additional quadrupole field at the location of the AC dipole. Hence, measurements of these parameters using the AC dipole require a proper interpretation of observed quantities. The situation is similar in measurements of resonance driving terms using the AC dipole. In this note, we derive an expression of coupled betatron motion excited with two AC dipoles in presence of skew quadrupole fields, discuss an impact of this quadrupole like effect of the AC dipole on a measurement of coupling resonance driving terms, and present an analytical method to determine the coupling resonance driving terms from quantities observed using the AC dipole.

Miyamoto, R.

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

AC Losses in the New High-Temperature Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses the properties of high-temperature ceramic oxide superconductors in low magnetic fields. It discusses ac losses in the superconducting and normal states, the influence of anisotropy, and a database for monitoring advances in superconductivity. The ac losses of the oxide superconductors were found to be excessive.

1989-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

228

Transmission Requirements for Off-Shore Wind Integration: A study of the merits of AC and HVDC transmission connection options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a study of two transmission technologies, AC and HVDC, that could be employed to connect a distant wind farm to the Great Britain (GB) electricity transmission system. A review of the GB electricity transmission system industry codes makes it clear that particular consideration must be given in the design stage to the power factor and voltage control requirements at the interface between the wind farm and the transmission system. The ability of the transmission link and the wind ...

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

229

Direct current distribution systems for residential areas powered by distributed generation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Power system began its journey with DC power as pioneered by Edison. However, this was soon rivalled by AC power and ultimately DC paradigm found (more)

Dastgeer, Faizan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Unique design features of the SMUDPV1 1MW /SUB AC/ photovoltaic central station powerplant  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the unique and innovative balance of system design features incorporated into the SMUDPV1 1MW /SUB ac/ photovoltaic central station powerplant design. These include: single-axis flat-plate tracking arrays, resistance grounded dc neutral, dc fault detection and location systems and other features designed to maximize the value of the plant to the utility, while complying with standard utility design practices and standards. The paper presents the design criteria and selection rationale, design description and expected cost and performance implications to PV1 and future large-scale photovoltaic powerplants.

Daniels, R.E.; Dilts, B.; Rosen, D.J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Evaluating the Rationale for the Utility-Accessible External Disconnect Switch: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the utility-accessible alternating current (AC) external disconnect switch (EDS) for distributed generators, including photovoltaic (PV) systems, which is a hardware feature that allows a utility's employees to manually disconnect a customer-owned generator from the electricity grid.

Coddington, M. H.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Fermilab | FRA Contractor Assurance System (CAS) | Home  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FRA Contractor Assurance System (CAS) FRA Contractor Assurance System (CAS) photo The FRA CAS is governed by Section H.13 of the FNAL prime contract, executed by the FRA Board of Directors and implemented throughout the FNAL organization. This system provides reasonable assurance that the objectives of the contractor management systems below are being accomplished in accordance with the requirements of the contract. The Fermilab Assurance Council (AC) is a key element of the CAS. The members of the AC are Management System owners and/or major process owners. A major function of the AC is to identify and track issues that arise though an awareness of changes in the laboratory's operating environment, applicable laws and regulations, self-assessments and the various review processes of the laboratory. The AC executes this function through the FRA

233

acs_JY_jp-2011-008094 1..7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C 2011, 115, 10245-10251 ARTICLE pubs.acs.orgJPCC Fast Proton Hopping Detection in Ice I h by Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering Itay Presiado, Jyotsana Lal, Eugene...

234

Permanent-magnet-less synchronous reluctance system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic revolving field when sourced by an alternating current. An uncluttered rotor is disposed within the magnetic revolving field and spaced apart from the stator to form an air gap relative to an axis of rotation. The rotor includes a plurality of rotor pole stacks having an inner periphery biased by single polarity of a north-pole field and a south-pole field, respectively. The outer periphery of each of the rotor pole stacks are biased by an alternating polarity.

Hsu, John S

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

235

Steady state modelling and analysis of flexible AC transmission systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??As electric utilities move into more competitive generation supply regimes, with limited scope to expand transmission facilities, the optimisation of existing transmission corridors for power (more)

Fuerte Esquivel, Claudio Rubn

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Bond graph models of electromechanical systems. The AC generator case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abascal 1 Shape optimization with topological derivative and its application to noise barrier for railway piezoelectric patches I Benedetti, Z S Khodaei, M H Aliabadi 418 On the displacement derivatives of the three for dynamic crack analysis in piezoelectric solids using non-linear crack-face boundary conditions M Wünsche

Batlle, Carles

237

tutimura@mist.i.u-tokyo.ac.jp kaneko@ipl.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.misojiro.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~tutimura/sem5/ 2004 6 9 ­ p.1/20 · · · · ­ p.2/20 · · · ­ p.3/20 · Java AWT/Swing (Java2D) · Tcl/Tk, Perl Graphics public void paint(Graphics g){ Graphics2D g2 = (Graphics2D)g; .... } ­ p.5/20 Tcl/Tk, Perl/Tk, Ruby/Tk · Tk GUI · Tcl, Perl, Ruby · Tcl/Tk John Ousterhout · Windows, X11, Mac · ­ p.6/20 OpenGL · 3

Murota, Kazuo

238

Probability-Enhanced Predictions in the Anticipatory Classifier System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Anticipatory Classifier System (ACS) recently showed many capabilities new to the Learning Classifier System field. Due to its enhanced rule structure with an effect part, it forms an internal environmental representation, learns latently besides ...

Martin Butz; David E. Goldberg; Wolfgang Stolzmann

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Power System and Railroad Electromagnetic Compatibility Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is a source of technology and data for preventing and mitigating ac electrical interference problems on railroads. All aspects of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) where railroad systems are the receptors are examined. This includes well-understood areas such as magnetic induction from transmission lines as well as less understood areas such as conducted interference from distribution systems and effects of harmonics. Chapters examine all known effects of ac interference, including personnel ...

2006-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

DC systems with transformerless converters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technical and economic feasibility study of HVDC systems without converter transformers is presented. The presentation includes proposed solutions to the drawback related to the absence of galvanic separation between the ac and dc systems, if the converter transformers are eliminated. The results show that HVDC systems without converter transformers are both technically and economically feasible. The cost savings can be substantial.

Vithayathil, J.J.; Mittlestadt, W. [Bonneville Power Administration, Portland, OR (United States); Bjoerklund, P.E. [ABB Power Systems AB, Ludvika (Sweden)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Comparison of iterative methods for AC analysis in PISCES-IIB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The implementation of an improved small-signal AC simulation capability in the general-purpose device simulator PISCES-IIB is described. The preconditioned generalized conjugate residual (GCR) algorithm has been implemented, which allows AC simulations ...

D. R. Apte; M. E. Law

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Prime Contract DE-AC36-99GO10337 Modification M075 SF30 Page...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes to contract DE-AC36-99GO10337: A. Section J, ATTACHMENT 5 "APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES (List B)" of Contract DE-AC36- 99GO10377 is deleted and replaced in its entirety to...

243

DOE 10 CFR Part 431 EERE-2010-BT-TP-0036 RIN 1904-AC-38 Submission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 CFR Part 431 EERE-2010-BT-TP-0036 RIN 1904-AC-38 Submission of Comments by Howe Corporation DOE 10 CFR Part 431 EERE-2010-BT-TP-0036 RIN 1904-AC-38 Submission of Comments by Howe...

244

Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-NOA-0067 and RIN Number 1904-AC52 Ex...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-BT-NOA-0067 and RIN Number 1904-AC52 Ex parte Communication Docket No. EERE-2011-BT-NOA-0067 and RIN Number 1904-AC52 Ex parte Communication This memorandum for the record...

245

Data:B08ac973-4c3e-4733-896d-9b08f0a82366 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac973-4c3e-4733-896d-9b08f0a82366 ac973-4c3e-4733-896d-9b08f0a82366 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Maine Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: A-TOU Residential Time of Use Short Term Sector: Residential Description: AVAILABILITY This rate is available for Residential Service taken on a continuous year-round basis at one point of delivery, except that service may be taken for a shorter period subject to the provisions of the short-term service charge. CHARACTER OF SERVICE End use service will be single phase, alternating current, 60 hertz, furnished at one standard secondary distribution voltage as described in the Company's Handbook of Requirements for Electric Service and Meter Installations. SHORT-TERM SERVICE CHARGE Customers who take short-term service will be billed for the first three months, or fraction thereof, $21.69 per month in addition to the regular monthly electric service rate (including the monthly minimum charge). A credit equal to one-ninth of the amount of short-term service charges billed during the first three months of short-term service will be applied to a short-term customer's bill for each month, or fraction thereof, that the short-term customer's term of service exceeds three months. In no case will the total amount of such credits exceed the total amount of short-term service charges billed. When seasonal service customers take service for less than twelve consecutive months, they will be considered to be short-term customers and their final bills will be adjusted to include any unbilled short-term service charges and credits.

246

Development of a New Class of Low Cost, High Frequency Link Direct DC to AC Converters for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC)  

SciTech Connect

This project proposes to design and develop a new class of power converters (direct DC to AC) to drastically improve performance and optimize the cost, size, weight and volume of the DC to AC converter in SOFC systems. The proposed topologies employ a high frequency link; direct DC to AC conversion approach. The direct DC to AC conversion approach is more efficient and operates without an intermediate dc-link stage. The absence of the dc-link, results in the elimination of bulky, aluminum electrolytic capacitors, which in turn leads to a reduction in the cost, volume, size and weight of the power electronic converter. The feasibility of two direct DC to AC converter topologies and their suitability to meet SECA objectives will be investigated. Laboratory proto-type converters (3-5kW) will be designed and tested in Phase-1. A detailed design trade-off study along with the test results will be available in the form of a report for the evaluation of SECA Industrial partners. This project proposes to develop a new and innovative power converter technology suitable for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power systems in accordance with SECA objectives. The proposed fuel cell inverter (FCI) employs state of the art power electronic devices configured in two unique topologies to achieve direct conversion of DC power (24-48V) available from a SOFC to AC power (120/240V, 60Hz) suitable for utility interface and powering stand alone loads. The primary objective is to realize cost effective fuel cell converter, which operates under a wide input voltage range, and output load swings with high efficiency and improved reliability.

Prasad Enjeti; J.W. Howze

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Power control of a wind farm with active stall wind turbines and AC grid connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

turbines with AC connection. The control of other wind farm concepts such as wind farms with DFIG wind

248

Optimal management of batteries in electric systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electric system including at least a pair of battery strings and an AC source minimizes the use and maximizes the efficiency of the AC source by using the AC source only to charge all battery strings at the same time. Then one or more battery strings is used to power the load while management, such as application of a finish charge, is provided to one battery string. After another charge cycle, the roles of the battery strings are reversed so that each battery string receives regular management.

Atcitty, Stanley (Albuquerque, NM); Butler, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Corey, Garth P. (Albuquerque, NM); Symons, Philip C. (Morgan Hill, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

SunSine300 AC module. Annual report, July 25, 1995--December 31, 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under Photovoltaic Manufacturing Technology (PVMaT) 4A1, Ascension Technology (AT) is developing the SunSine300 AC PV module. AT`s goals in this project are to meet Underwriters Laboratory (UL) 1741 requirements, obtain Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Class B verification, complete the AC module system design and development, advance the inverter design, design for manufacture, design for reliability, design for serviceability, and demonstrate commercialization through production and sale of about 100 units. To meet these goals, AT corrected a number of deficiencies identified by UL`s preliminary investigation before proceeding to the full UL investigation; a SunSine300 prototype was tested and found to comply with FCC Class B requirements; AT designed a complete line of balance-of-systems hardware for the SunSine 300; AT`s design and performance advancements include accomplishing a total harmonic distortion drop from 5% to 2%, devising a method to eliminate false detection of zero crossings that could damage the inverter, improving the anti-islanding with the addition of AT`s proprietary ZEBRA technique, and redesigning the enclosure for thermal performance, manufacturability, and UL and FCC approval; performing extensive testing in Phase 2 to discover failure modes and susceptibility to aging; and designing the SunSine300 to be easily and safely serviced. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Russell, M.C.; Handleman, C.K.P. [Ascension Technology, Inc., Waltham, MA (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Data:7874a2dc-72f9-4955-8ac8-6749031372ba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dc-72f9-4955-8ac8-6749031372ba dc-72f9-4955-8ac8-6749031372ba No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 57 - South System General Power Rate Sector: Commercial Description: This rate shall apply to the firm power requirements for electric service to commercial, industrial, and governmental customers and institutional customers whose monthly read demand is greater than 5000 KW. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

251

Data:330170f8-bfe2-4835-af2a-c8832115cfdd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

70f8-bfe2-4835-af2a-c8832115cfdd 70f8-bfe2-4835-af2a-c8832115cfdd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Omaha Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 236 DUSK TO DAWN LIGHTING 100 Watt Sector: Lighting Description: 100 watt, 7,200 lumen high pressure sodium To all Consumers, for private outdoor lighting service, when such lighting facilities are operated as an extension of the District's distribution system, except for (1) installations on public or semi-public thoroughfares including public parks, where such installations would conflict with a legally constituted public authority having jurisdiction, and (2) athletic fields covered by other rate schedules.

252

Data:59ecc3fb-5aba-4306-bc41-d7291ac7a061 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fb-5aba-4306-bc41-d7291ac7a061 fb-5aba-4306-bc41-d7291ac7a061 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Columbus Southern Power Co Effective date: 2012/03/09 End date if known: Rate name: Cogeneration and/or Small Power Production -T.O.D-Polyphase Sector: Commercial Description: This schedule is available to customers with cogeneration and/or small power production (COGEN/SPP) facilities which qualify under Section 210 of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978, and which have a total design capacity of 100 KW or less. Such facilities shall be designed to operate properly in parallel with the Company's system without adversely affecting the operation of

253

Data:1049cb48-7ce9-4326-ac15-425fbb555156 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-7ce9-4326-ac15-425fbb555156 8-7ce9-4326-ac15-425fbb555156 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 82 - South System General Power Time-Of-Use - Oil Pumping Sector: Commercial Description: This rate shall apply to the firm power requirements for electric service to commercial oil pumping load customers whose monthly read demand is greater than 0 and less than or equal to 50 KW. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

254

Data:799912ef-cdaa-4889-ac46-9b26517ae68c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

12ef-cdaa-4889-ac46-9b26517ae68c 12ef-cdaa-4889-ac46-9b26517ae68c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tillamook Peoples Utility Dist Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: AREA LIGHTING SPECIAL RATE FOR LIGHTS - Area Lights 400w Sector: Lighting Description: "SPECIAL RATE FOR LIGHTS CONNECTED BEHIND CUSTOMER'S METER" Available to all customers for dusk to dawn outdoor area lighting not served under street lighting contract. Service under this schedule is also available for television amplifiers for cable systems, and other flat rate services. Special Poles $ 1.00 per month

255

Battery management system  

SciTech Connect

A battery management system is described, comprising: a main battery; main battery charging system means coupled to the main battery for charging the main battery during operation of the main battery charging system means; at least one auxiliary battery; primary switching means for coupling the auxiliary battery to a parallel configuration with the main battery charging system means and with the main battery, where upon both the main battery and the auxiliary battery are charged by the main battery charging system means, the primary switching means also being operable to decouple the auxiliary battery from the parallel configuration; and sensing means coupled to the primary switching means and operable to sense presence or absence of charging current from the main battery charging system means to the main battery, the sensing means being operable to activate the switching means for coupling the auxiliary battery into the parallel configuration during presence of the charging current, wherein the main battery charging system provides a charging signal to the main battery having an alternating current component, and wherein the sensing means includes transformer means coupled to the charging signal for inducing a voltage, the voltage being applied to a switching circuit of the switching means.

Albright, C.D.

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

256

Allianz Climate Solutions ACS GmbH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Allianz Climate Solutions ACS GmbH Allianz Climate Solutions ACS GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name Allianz Climate Solutions (ACS) GmbH Place Munich, Germany Zip 80802 Product Munich-based subsidiary of insurance and asset management provider Allianz SE. ACS acts as investment manager, service provider and advisor of climate solutions for Allianz Group and external customers. Coordinates 48.136415°, 11.577531° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":48.136415,"lon":11.577531,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

257

Ac loss calorimeter for three-phase cable  

SciTech Connect

A calorimeter for measuring ac losses in meter-long lengths of HTS superconducting power transmission line cables is described. The calorimeter, which is based on a temperature difference technique, has a precision of 1 mW and measures single, two-phase (coupling), and three-phase losses. The measurements show significant coupling losses between phases.

Daney, D.E.; Boenig, H.J.; Maley, M.P.; McMurry, D.E.; DeBlanc, B.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Superconductivity Technology Center

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quarter of the EU's natural gas consumption, or 6.5% of the bloc's primary energy supply (Nol, 2008; Nol supply function has been applied in natural gas market modelling (e.g., Egging and Gabriel (2006), Eggingwww.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER Abstract Strategic Eurasian Natural Gas Model for Energy

Aickelin, Uwe

259

$a-c$ test of holography vs quantum renormalization group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a "constructive derivation" of the AdS/CFT correspondence based on the quantum local renormalization group in large N quantum field theories consistently provides the a-c holographic Weyl anomaly in d=4 at the curvature squared order in the bulk action. The consistency of the construction further predicts the form of the metric beta function.

Yu Nakayama

2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

260

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in forward markets, due to the high associated storage costs of natural gas and hard coal. Furthermore are self-hedged to the extent that power, natural gas and carbon prices naturally co-move. In particular hard coal and natural #12;www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY gas

Kraft, Markus

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPERNON-TECHNICALSUMMARY Nuclear Energy in the Enlarged Russia and Ukraine. Interrrupted heating in European cities on cold winter nights adds a new dimension in central and eastern Europe for nuclear power. This working paper notes that with the addition of 12 new

Aickelin, Uwe

262

Carbon Management Plan www.nottingham.ac.uk/sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Management Plan 2010-2020 www.nottingham.ac.uk/sustainability #12;1 Carbon Management Plan 2010-2020 Contents Introduction 2 UK Carbon Policy 3 University Carbon Baselines 4 Recent Performance Trends and KPIs 5 University Targets 8 Strategic Themes 9 Carbon Saving Projects 12 2010-2012 Projects 13

Li, Jingpeng

263

Thermal Unit Commitment Including Optimal AC Power Flow Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Unit Commitment Including Optimal AC Power Flow Constraints Carlos Murillo{Sanchez Robert J algorithm for unit commitment that employs a Lagrange relaxation technique with a new augmentation. This framework allows the possibility of committing units that are required for the VArs that they can produce

264

www.abdn.ac.uk/energy Energy Institute in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Student energy Summit As the oil and gas industry gathers in Aberdeen for this year's offshore europe and regulatory frameworks of energy supply. It will also address the political, environmental, socialwww.abdn.ac.uk/energy RED Revolution Energy Institute in the Energy Capital Pioneering

Pym, David J.

265

http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja 22 22  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en Integrated Human Studies Integrated Human Studies Letters Letters Education Educational Sciences Law Economics Economics and Management Science Science Medicine Medical Science (6) Human Health Sciences Pharmaceutical Sciences Pharmaceutical Sciences Pharmacy (6) Engineering Global Engineering, Architecture

Takada, Shoji

266

http://www.soken.ac.jp/ School of Physical Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://www.soken.ac.jp/ 2012 2013 School of Physical Sciences Department of Structural Molecular Science Department of Functional Molecular Science Department of Astronomical Science Department of Fusion Science Department of Space and Astronautical Science School of High Energy Accelerator Science Department

Kinosita Jr., Kazuhiko

267

http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja 22 22  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en Integrated Human Studies Integrated Human Studies Letters Letters Education Educational Sciences Law Economics Economics and Management Science Science Medicine Medical Science (6) Human Health Sciences Pharmaceutical Sciences Sciences for Drug Discovery Pharmacy (6) Engineering Global Engineering, Architecture

Takada, Shoji

268

http://www.soken.ac.jp/ School of Physical Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

20132013 20142014 & http://www.soken.ac.jp/ School of Physical Sciences Department of Structural Molecular Science Department of Functional Molecular Science Department of Astronomical Science Department of Fusion Science Department of Space and Astronautical Science School of High Energy Accelerator Science

Kinosita Jr., Kazuhiko

269

Study of a Family of Buck-Boost Converter with Tapped Inductor for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Among the photovoltaic (PV) systems, the ones interconnected to the electric system have presented a greater growth in the developed countries. In order to transform the generated DC energy in AC energy ready to be delivered to a grid, the concept of ... Keywords: Buck boost converter, ac module, tapped inductor

Juan C. Yris; Jorge H. Calleja; Abraham C. Sanchez; Leobardo H. Gonzalez

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Math at a Glance | M2ACS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the grand challenges of analysis, design, planning, maintenance, and operation of electrical energy systems and related infrastructure in the presence of rapidly increasingly...

271

7AC Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of dynamics in material systems that play an important role in a wide range of energy technologies, including battery electrodes, petroleum catalysts, solar cell materials, and...

272

Residential Air-Conditioning System with Smart-Grid Functionality.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis sets forth a novel intelligent residential air-conditioning (A/C) system controller that provides optimal thermal comfort and electricity cost trade-offs for a household resident (more)

Thomas, Auswin George

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Hybrid Cooling Systems for Low-Temperature Geothermal Power Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Hybrid Cooling Systems for Low-Temperature Geothermal Power Production Andrea Ashwood and Desikan Bharathan Technical Report NREL...

274

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY UNITED SOLAR SYSTEMS CORPORATIO...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UNDER DOE CONTRACT NO: DE-AC36-83CH10093; W(A)-95-004; CH-0848 The Petitioner, United Solar Systems Corporation, has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights...

275

Vehicle Transient Air Conditioning Analysis: Model Development& System Optimization Investigations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has developed a transient air conditioning (A/C) system model using SINDA/FLUINT analysis software. It captures all the relevant physics of transient A/C system performance, including two-phase flow effects in the evaporator and condenser, system mass effects, air side heat transfer on the condenser/evaporator, vehicle speed effects, temperature-dependent properties, and integration with a simplified cabin thermal model. It has demonstrated robust and powerful system design optimization capabilities. Single-variable and multiple variable design optimizations have been performed and are presented. Various system performance parameters can be optimized, including system COP, cabin cool-down time, and system heat load capacity. This work presents this new transient A/C system analysis and optimization tool and shows some high-level system design conclusions reached to date. The work focuses on R-134a A/C systems, but future efforts will modify the model to investigate the transient performance of alternative refrigerant systems such as carbon dioxide systems. NREL is integrating its transient air conditioning model into NRELs ADVISOR vehicle system analysis software, with the objective of simultaneously optimizing A/C system designs within the overall vehicle design optimization.

Hendricks, T. J.

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

What are the best venues for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

data on approximately 5,000 non-residential alternating current (AC) Level 2 Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) units. While some are deployed in workplace or fleet...

277

Scaling self-timed systems powered by mechanical vibration energy harvesting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive energy harvesting from mechanical vibration has wide application in wearable devices and wireless sensors to complement or replace batteries. Energy harvesting efficiency can be increased by eliminating AC/DC conversion. A test chip demonstrating ... Keywords: AC power supply, DRAM, energy harvesting, energy-aware systems, integrated circuits, low-power design, power-on reset, scaling, self-timed

Justin Wenck; Jamie Collier; Jeff Siebert; Rajeevan Amirtharajah

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Optimal Design of PID Controller Using Modified Ant Colony System Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel intelligent design method for PID controller with optimal self-tuning parameters is proposed based on the modified Ant Colony System (ACS) algorithm. By testing four different control systems with the typical characteristic such as high order, ...

Qingdong Zeng; Guanzheng Tan

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Developing usable and robust mixed reality systems requires unique humancomputer interaction techniques and customized hardware systems. The design of the hardware is directed by the requirements of the rich 3D interactions that can be performed using immersive mobile MR systems. Geometry modeling and capture, navigational annotations, visualizations, and training simulations are all enhanced using augmented computer graphics. We present the design guidelines that have led us through 10 years of evolving mobile outdoor MR hardware systems.

Benjamin Avery; Ross T. Smith; Wayne Piekarski; Bruce H. Thomas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

DE-AC05-06OR23100  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Section B - Page 1 of 10 Section B - Page 1 of 10 PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B SUPPLIES OR SERVICES AND PRICES/COSTS B.1 ITEMS BEING ACQUIRED (ALTERNATE I) (OCT 2004) ................................... 3 B.2 ESTIMATED COST, BASE FEE, AND AWARD FEE (NOV 2004) ...................... 3 B.3 OPTION TO EXTEND THE CONTRACT (NOV 2004) .......................................... 6 B.4 OBLIGATION OF FUNDS (CPAF) (NOV 2004) ...................................................... 8 B.5 DETERMINATION OF AWARD FEE EARNED (NOV 2004) .............................. 9 DE-AC05-06OR23100 Section B - Page 2 of 10 Blank Page DE-AC05-06OR23100 Section B - Page 3 of 10 PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B SUPPLIES OR SERVICES AND PRICES/COSTS B.1 ITEMS BEING ACQUIRED (ALTERNATE I) (OCT 2004)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

SNL software manual for the ACS Data Analytics Project.  

SciTech Connect

In the ACS Data Analytics Project (also known as 'YumYum'), a supercomputer is modeled as a graph of components and dependencies, jobs and faults are simulated, and component fault rates are estimated using the graph structure and job pass/fail outcomes. This report documents the successful completion of all SNL deliverables and tasks, describes the software written by SNL for the project, and presents the data it generates. Readers should understand what the software tools are, how they fit together, and how to use them to reproduce the presented data and additional experiments as desired. The SNL YumYum tools provide the novel simulation and inference capabilities desired by ACS. SNL also developed and implemented a new algorithm, which provides faster estimates, at finer component granularity, on arbitrary directed acyclic graphs.

Stearley, Jon R.; McLendon, William Clarence, III; Rodrigues, Arun F.; Williams, Aaron S.; Hooper, Russell Warren; Robinson, David Gerald; Stickland, Michael G.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

AC/AB Stacking Boundaries in Bilayer Graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boundaries, including phase boundaries, grain boundaries, and domain boundaries, are known to have an important influence on material properties. Here, dark-field (DF) transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) imaging are combined to provide a full view of boundaries between AB and AC stacking domains in bilayer graphene across length scales from discrete atoms to the macroscopic continuum. Combining the images with results obtained by density functional theory (DFT) and classical molecular dynamics calculations, we demonstrate that the AB/AC stacking boundaries in bilayer graphene are nanometer-wide strained channels, mostly in the form of ripples, producing smooth low-energy transitions between the two different stackings. Our results provide a new understanding of the novel stacking boundaries in bilayer graphene, which may be applied to other layered two-dimensional materials as well.

Lin, Junhao [ORNL; Fang, Wenjing [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Zhou, Wu [ORNL; Lupini, Andrew R [ORNL; Idrobo Tapia, Juan C [ORNL; Kong, Jing [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Pennycook, Stephen J [ORNL; Pantelides, Sokrates T [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Transmission Expansion Planning Using an AC Model ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy funded project denominated ... market process, electric utilities have gradually realized that a well-planned ..... close and provides key information about the original problem. For TEP ..... In steady state power system analysis, it is usually assumed that,. 0.95.

284

Performance testing of the AC propulsion ELX electric vehicle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Performance testing of the AC Propulsion ELX electric vehicle is described. Test data are presented and analyzed. The ELX vehicle is the first of a series of electric vehicles of interest to the California Air Resources Board. The test series is being conducted under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between the US Department of energy and the California Air Resources Board. The tests which were conducted showed that the AC Propulsion ELX electric vehicle has exceptional acceleration and range performance. when the vehicle`s battery was fully charged, the vehicle can accelerate from 0 to 96 km/h in about 10 seconds. Energy consumption and range tests using consecutive FUDS and HWFET Driving cycles (the all-electric cycle) indicate that the energy economy of the AC Propulsion ELX electric vehicle with regenerative braking is 97 W{center_dot}h/km, with a range of 153 km (95 miles). Computer simulations performed using the SIMPLEV Program indicate that the vehicle would have a range of 327 km (203 miles) on the all-electric cycle if the lead acid batteries were replaced with NiMH batteries having an energy density of 67 W{center_dot}h/kg. Comparisons of FUDS test data with and without regenerative braking indicated that regenerative braking reduced the energy consumption of the ELX vehicle by approximately 25%.

Kramer, W.E.; MacDowall, R.D.; Burke, A.F.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

SERVOMOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Control systems for automatic positioning of an electric motor operated vapor valve are described which is operable under the severe conditions existing in apparatus for electro-magnetlcally separating isotopes. In general, the system includes a rotor for turning the valve comprising two colls mounted mutually perpendicular to each other and also perpendicular to the magnetic field of the isotope separating apparatus. The coils are furnished with both a-c and d- c current by assoclate control circuitry and a position control is provided for varying the ratlo of the a-c currents in the coils and at the same time, but in an inverse manner, the ratio between the d-c currents in the coils is varied. With the present system the magnitude of the motor torque is constant for all valves of the rotor orientatlon angle.

MacNeille, S.M.

1958-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume2:Appendices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume2:Appendices Bonneville DOE/eis- 0145 POWER ADMINISTRATION January 1994 Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Draft Environmental Impact Statement Table of Contents Appendix A Life-of-Facilities Capacity Ownership Proposal A1 Appendix B Long-Term Intertie Access Policy B1 Appendix C Glossary C1 Appendix D Biological Assessment ad Supporting Materials

287

UNIXUNIXUNIXUNIX((((OpenSSHOpenSSHOpenSSHOpenSSH)))) (gw.ps.nifs.ac.jp) RSA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pdf SSH SSH SSH UNIXUNIXUNIXUNIX((((OpenSSHOpenSSHOpenSSHOpenSSH)))) ssh (gw.ps.nifsTerm: New connection TCP/IP gw.ps.nifs.ac.jp %ssh (-i ) (-l ) gw.ps.nifs.ac.jp The authenticity of host 'gw.ps.nifs.ps.nifs.ac.jp,133.75.37.11' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. Enter passphrase for key '/home

Ito, Atsushi

288

AC to DC Line Conversion: DConvert Program Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The past several years have seen renewed interest in the prospect of converting ac lines to dc operation interest spurred both by the ongoing need to make greater use of existing transmission assets and advances in HVDC converter technology. EPRI has sponsored two major studies dealing with the conversion prospect. The first, 8220Tools for Assessing Conversion of AC Power Transmission Lines to DC,(Product ID # 1020651) and the second, 8220Dc Capability of AC Transmission Lines,(Product ID #1013979). Cont...

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

289

Data:5a64568c-7501-48ac-9408-488ffaf3515b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

568c-7501-48ac-9408-488ffaf3515b 568c-7501-48ac-9408-488ffaf3515b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Brunswick Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Renewable Generation Rider RGR - Up to 25 kW - 5 Year Fixed Sector: Commercial Description: Service under this schedule is available to customers who have an Eligible Qualifying Facility interconnected directly with the Cooperative's system and who have contracted to sell generating capacity and energy to the Cooperative. The maximum size of a generator interconnected to the Cooperative's system will be limited by the impact the generator will have on the Cooperative's system based upon its location on the system and the results of an Engineering Study commissioned by the Cooperative and paid for by the customer. In order to be considered an Eligible Qualifying Facility the generator must be hydroelectric or fueled by trash or methane derived from landfills, hog waste, poultry waste, non-animal biomass, solar, or wind and meet the definition of a Qualifying Facility as defined by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's (FERC) Order No. 70 under Docket RM79-54.

290

ACCELERATED AGING STUDY OF MACHINE WINDING INSULATION UNDER AC AND HIGH FREQUENCY PULSE VOLTAGE APPLICATION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? It is common practice to perform accelerated aging with 60 Hz ac to determine the lifetime characteristics of insulation used in the machine. Comparable (more)

Chalise, Sajal Raj

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Non-Federal Participation In Ac Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Non-Federal Participation In Ac Intertie Non-Federal Participation In Ac Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement Volume 1: Environmental Analysis Bonneville DOE/eis-0145 POWER ADMINISTRATION January 1994 Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement (DOE/EIS - 0145) Responsible Agency: U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Title of Proposed Action: Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie States and Other Areas Involved: Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, California, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Wyoming, British Columbia Abstract: BPA is considering action in two areas: (1) non-Federal access to

292

Data:360311ac-6ca0-4146-89ac-db323120f125 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

11ac-6ca0-4146-89ac-db323120f125 11ac-6ca0-4146-89ac-db323120f125 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: LIMITED OFF PEAK SERVICE Transmission Transformed (Commercial & Industrial) Sector: Commercial Description: Available to any customers for controlled loads that will be energized only for the time period between 10:00 p.m. to 6:30 a.m. daily. DETERMINATION OF CUSTOMER BILLS Customer bills shall reflect energy charges (if applicable) based on customer's kWh usage, plus a customer charge (if applicable), plus demand charges (if applicable) based on customer's kW billing demand as defined. INTERIM RATE ADJUSTMENT A 4.49% Interim Rate Surcharge will be applied to rate components specified in the "Interim Rate Surcharge Rider." In addition, customer bills under this rate are subject to the following adjustments and/or charges. FUEL CLAUSE Bills are subject to the adjustments provided for in the Fuel Clause Rider. RESOURCE ADJUSTMENT Bills are subject to the adjustments provided for in the Conservation Improvement Program Adjustment Rider, the State Energy Policy Rate Rider, the Renewable Development Fund Rider, the Transmission Cost Recovery Rider, the Renewable Energy Standard Rider and the Mercury Cost Recovery Rider.

293

System specification for the plutonium stabilization and packaging system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes functional design requirements for the Plutonium Stabilization and Packaging System (Pu SPS), as required by DOE contract DE-AC03-96SF20948 through contract modification 9 for equipment in Building 707 at Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS).

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Data:22c7486e-ac0e-4de6-85cc-8b215d49c4a3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac0e-4de6-85cc-8b215d49c4a3 ac0e-4de6-85cc-8b215d49c4a3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Klickitat County Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Schedule 6 HPS 100w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to service for street lighting systems, including street lighting, signal systems and roadway and park lighting for a term of not less than ten years. Source or reference: http://www.klickitatpud.com/ratesAndPolicies/electricRates/rateSchedule6.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

295

Data:800db00a-d01d-4d61-a9ee-29f21aec61ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a-d01d-4d61-a9ee-29f21aec61ac a-d01d-4d61-a9ee-29f21aec61ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Paris, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Rate- LS- Part A Sector: Lighting Description: Available for service to street and park lighting systems, traffic signal systems, athletic lighting installations, and outdoor lighting for individual customers. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Rate Binder Ted #11 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh)

296

Data:D089a720-e8b0-4ac8-8bb1-68b155be525f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9a720-e8b0-4ac8-8bb1-68b155be525f 9a720-e8b0-4ac8-8bb1-68b155be525f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Foley Board of Utilities Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Public Street and Highway Lighting- Utility-Owned Fixtures- 7,000 Lumen Mercury Vapor - Installed between 1974 and 1989 Sector: Lighting Description: This rate is available to any municipality in which the Utility operates the local electric distribution system or to Baldwin County or to the State of Alabama for service along any highway adjacent to an electric distribution system of the Utility.

297

Data:7e822ac8-cdf1-4fca-81c5-63426a4fc983 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac8-cdf1-4fca-81c5-63426a4fc983 ac8-cdf1-4fca-81c5-63426a4fc983 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Groton Dept of Utilities Effective date: 2008/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street and Area Lighting Service(250 W Floodlight-HPS)-Overhead Sector: Commercial Description: pplicable to public or private customers for standard street and area lighting installations provided and maintained by the Department to render 4,000 annual hours of lighting. Overhead installation is a light fixture attached to an existing overhead distribution system pole. Underground installation is a light fixture attached to a new pole served from an existing underground distribution system.

298

Data:4520c8cd-b4db-4249-ac43-8bc0df855911 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c8cd-b4db-4249-ac43-8bc0df855911 c8cd-b4db-4249-ac43-8bc0df855911 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Foley Board of Utilities Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: Traffic Signal Sector: Commercial Description: This rate is available to any municipality or county in which the Utility operates the local distribution system or to the State of Alabama for service at a location adjacent to an electric distribution system of the Utility. Source or reference: http://www.rivierautilities.com/pdf/rates/rate_620_2012_03.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

299

Data:835ac221-8bae-412e-b2cf-cb31dc0188f0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac221-8bae-412e-b2cf-cb31dc0188f0 ac221-8bae-412e-b2cf-cb31dc0188f0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Indiana Michigan Power Co (Michigan) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: ECLS - 1000 Watt MV - Open Access Sector: Lighting Description: Energy Conversation Lighting Service Available for streetlighting service to municipalities, counties, and other governmental subdivisions. This rate is applicable for service that is supplied through new or rebuilt streetlight systems, including extension of streetlighting systems to additional locations where service is requested by customer.

300

Data:8b6e2a59-e512-40a8-a6bf-0166ba6ac8c0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e512-40a8-a6bf-0166ba6ac8c0 e512-40a8-a6bf-0166ba6ac8c0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Schuyler, Nebraska (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting (150 W HPS non-metered) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to any Department of Utilities customer to light an area of an existing service location agreeable to the Schuyler Department of Utilities, for which system lamps with photocell dusk-to-dawn control will be installed on system poles. Source or reference: http://schuylerdevelopment.net/storage/Electric_Rates_2013.pdf

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Data:687f06fe-0b86-4036-9ac7-536e52e96aa5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fe-0b86-4036-9ac7-536e52e96aa5 fe-0b86-4036-9ac7-536e52e96aa5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Indiana Michigan Power Co (Michigan) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: ECLS - Metallic Pole - 1000 Watt MV - Open Access Sector: Lighting Description: Energy Conversation Lighting Service Available for streetlighting service to municipalities, counties, and other governmental subdivisions. This rate is applicable for service that is supplied through new or rebuilt streetlight systems, including extension of streetlighting systems to additional locations where service is requested by customer.

302

Data:E3840fa3-77a1-4616-ac5b-7b7f6b0c9fbf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fa3-77a1-4616-ac5b-7b7f6b0c9fbf fa3-77a1-4616-ac5b-7b7f6b0c9fbf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Joe Wheeler Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Rate--Schedule LS High Pressure Sodium (1000w) Sector: Lighting Description: Available for service to street and park lighting systems, traffic signal systems, athletic field lighting installations, and outdoor lighting for individual customers. Service under this schedule is for a term of not less than 1 year. Source or reference: http://www.jwemc.org/rateforms.aspx Source Parent:

303

Data:1ef2541e-0df2-4038-a02f-68480fa58ac2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ef2541e-0df2-4038-a02f-68480fa58ac2 ef2541e-0df2-4038-a02f-68480fa58ac2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Klickitat County Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Schedule 6 Wide Lights 250w Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to service for street lighting systems, including street lighting, signal systems and roadway and park lighting for a term of not less than ten years. Source or reference: http://www.klickitatpud.com/ratesAndPolicies/electricRates/rateSchedule6.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW):

304

New Automotive Air Conditioning System Simulation Tool Developed in MATLAB/Simulink  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Further improvements in vehicle fuel efficiency require accurate evaluation of the vehicle's transient total power requirement. When operated, the air conditioning (A/C) system is the largest auxiliary load on a vehicle; therefore, accurate evaluation of the load it places on the vehicle's engine and/or energy storage system is especially important. Vehicle simulation software, such as 'Autonomie,' has been used by OEMs to evaluate vehicles' energy performance. A transient A/C simulation tool incorporated into vehicle simulation models would also provide a tool for developing more efficient A/C systems through a thorough consideration of the transient A/C system performance. The dynamic system simulation software Matlab/Simulink was used to develop new and more efficient vehicle energy system controls. The various modeling methods used for the new simulation tool are described in detail. Comparison with measured data is provided to demonstrate the validity of the model.

Kiss, T.; Chaney, L.; Meyer, J.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Abstract--The use of doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) in large wind energy conversion systems (WECS) has  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract--The use of doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) in large wind energy conversion systems (WECS) has significantly increased during the last few years. The DFIG is interfaced to the AC to the AC grid during disturbances. The sensitivity of DFIGs to external faults has motivated researchers

Pota, Himanshu Roy

306

How ready is `capture ready'? May 2008 SCCS for WWF -1(44) -www.geos.ed.ac.uk/sccs Nils.Markusson@ed.ac.uk S.Haszeldine@ed.ac.uk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@mines.edu. § Division of Economics, University of Stirling. i.a.lange@stir.ac.uk. ¶ Dyson School of Applied Economics. Such a correlation may be explained in part through engineering aspects of plant operations. For instance, increasing

Haszeldine, Stuart

307

Performance improvement of permanent magnet ac motors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-phase motors have several advantages over the traditional three-phase motors. In this study, the additional degrees of freedom available in five-phase permanent magnet motors have been used for three purposes: 1) enhancing the torque producing capability of the motor, 2) improving the reliability of the system, and 3) better adjusting of the torque and flux linkages of the five-phase direct torque controlled system. 1) Due to the fact that space and time harmonics of the same orders will contribute positively to output torque, a five-phase permanent magnet motor with quasi-rectangular back-EMF waveform is supplied with combined fundamental and third harmonic of currents. For modeling and analysis of the motor a 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference is defined where 1 1q d rotates at the synchronous speed and 3 3q d rotates at the three times synchronous speed. Based on the mathematical model in the 0 3 3 1 1 q d q d frame of reference, it is shown that this system while having a higher torque density with respect to a conventional permanent magnet synchronous machine, is also compatible with vector control algorithm. 2) A resilient current control of the five-phase permanent motor with both sinusoidal and trapezoidal back-EMF waveforms under asymmetrical fault condition is proposed. In this scheme, the stator MMF is kept unchanged during healthy and faulty condition. Therefore, the five-phase permanent magnet motor operates continuously and steadily without additional hardware and just by modifying the control algorithm in case of loss of up to two phases. The feature is of major importance in some specific applications where high reliability is required. 3) High torque and flux ripple are the major drawbacks of a three-phase direct torque controlled system. The number of space voltage vectors directly influences the performance of DTC system. A five-phase drive, while benefiting from other advantages of high order phase drives, has inherently 32 space voltage vectors which permits better flexibility in selecting the switching states and finer adjustment of flux and torque. A sensorless direct torque control of five-phase permanent magnet motor is implemented. Speed information is obtained based on the position of stator flux linkages and load angle. Experiments have been conducted on a 5kW five-phase surface mount permanent magnet motor and a 3kW five-phase interior permanent magnet motor by using TMS320C32 DSP. The results obtained are consistent with theoretical studies and simulation analysis, which further demonstrate the feasibility and practical significance of the five-phase permanent magnet motor drives.

Parsa, Leila

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

7AC Technologies, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Element One, Inc. Element One, Inc. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 191524 likes Element One, based in Boulder, Colorado, has created the only available coatings that change color when detecting hydrogen and other hazardous gas leaks, either reversibly or non-reversibly, to provide both current and historical information about leaks. Element One's patented gas indicators and sensors use catalyzed thin films or nanoparticles of a transition metal oxide to create very low cost sensors for use in industrial and consumer environments, greatly reducing the potential for undetected leaks and their cost and safety implications. This technology is also being integrated for use in refineries, industry gas and fuel cells systems and was developed using technology from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory.

309

Alternate Water Supply System  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Alternate Water Supply Alternate Water Supply System Flushing Report Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site January 2008 Office of Legacy Management DOE M/1570 2008 - -L Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management U.S. Department of Energy This page intentionally left blank DOE-LM/1570-2008 Alternate Water Supply System Flushing Report Riverton, Wyoming, Processing Site January 2008 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado This page intentionally left blank

310

Online Fault Detection and Tolerance for Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Online Fault Detection and Tolerance for Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting Systems Xue Lin 1 , Yanzhi, yanzhiwa, dizhu, pedram}@usc.edu, 2 naehyuck@elpl.snu.ac.kr ABSTRACT Photovoltaic energy harvesting systems (PV systems) are subject to PV cell faults, which decrease the efficiency of PV systems and even

Pedram, Massoud

311

Time-Resolved Magnetic Flux and AC-Current Distributions in Superconducting YBCO Thin Films and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time-Resolved Magnetic Flux and AC-Current Distributions in Superconducting YBCO Thin Films magnetic field. We study the interaction behavior of YBCO thin films in an ac transport current and a dc the calibrated field profiles. The current density evolution in YBCO thin films is studied by TRMOI as a function

Lewis, Robert Michael

312

EQUALITY PLAN Please contact equalopportunities@swansea.ac.uk for alternative formats of this  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.swan.ac.uk/media/EOC%20Annual%20Report%202009- 2010.pdf The University Fee Plan Details of the University Fee Plan 2012-2013 http://www.swan.ac.uk/media/EOC%20Annual%20Report%202010-2011.pdf Other university data University Fee partnership (where appropriate). These groups all report to the University Equal Opportunities Committee (EOC

Martin, Ralph R.

313

Constructive and destructive interferences of Stark resonances induced by an ac field in atomic hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

We study theoretically the problem of a hydrogen atom exposed both to a static dc field and to a monochromatic ac field. We show that, in the presence of an ac field, a constructive (or destructive) interference occurs between the excited (Rydberg) Stark resonance states and the hydrogenic ground state. This mechanism is responsible for dramatic enhancement (or suppression) of the corresponding photoionization rates.

Pawlak, Mariusz; Bylicki, Miroslaw; Moiseyev, Nimrod; Sindelka, Milan [Instytut Fizyki, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, ul. GrudziaPdzka 5, PL-87-100 Torun (Poland); Schulich Faculty of Chemistry, Department of Physics and Minerva Center of Nonlinear Physics of Complex Systems, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, IL-32000 (Israel)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Data:537e7901-a057-48d1-ac7a-c08908a00772 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-a057-48d1-ac7a-c08908a00772 -a057-48d1-ac7a-c08908a00772 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Jasper, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal Street Light (400 W Mercury Vapor) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for street, alley and park lighting and traffic signals of the City of Jasper. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

315

Data:1f029483-379f-4568-ac06-8bd5cb1ac7b0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-379f-4568-ac06-8bd5cb1ac7b0 3-379f-4568-ac06-8bd5cb1ac7b0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Holy Cross Electric Assn, Inc Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET, HIGHWAY AND AREA LIGHTING: 100 Watt HPS Sector: Lighting Description: This rate applies when all fixtures are mounted on Holy Cross wood poles, either primary or secondary. Source or reference: http://www.holycross.com/about-us/rates-charges Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

316

Data:304c7bdb-9ac5-4bea-ab51-af99e3f22ac3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bdb-9ac5-4bea-ab51-af99e3f22ac3 bdb-9ac5-4bea-ab51-af99e3f22ac3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cuming County Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2011/12/14 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lighting Unmetered Lights 400W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

317

Data:E710dbca-01f1-41b8-a2ac-9680233ac368 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dbca-01f1-41b8-a2ac-9680233ac368 dbca-01f1-41b8-a2ac-9680233ac368 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Stafford, Kansas (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: E6 - 155 Horsepower Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Rates%20Collected/Attachments/627/rate%20information%20for%20Stafford.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

318

Data:Cd66912f-ac4c-4a5f-ac64-750948dd9b7f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2f-ac4c-4a5f-ac64-750948dd9b7f 2f-ac4c-4a5f-ac64-750948dd9b7f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Farmers' Electric Coop, Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 2010/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Small Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#8 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

319

Transport AC loss in high temperature superconducting coils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the worlds population continues to grow, our existing methods for energy supply and usage are clearly unsustainable. In developed industrialised nations, such as the UK and the US, the industrial sector uses about one third of all energy consumed [2... superconducting coil is found to be significantly large, and this will reduce the efficiency of the device in which it is utilised, par- ticularly when the loss is reflected back to room temperature by including the refrigeration cost. Many existing AC loss...

Ainslie, Mark

2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

320

Systems and methods for commutating inductor current using a matrix converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and methods are provided for delivering current using a matrix converter in a vehicle. An electrical system comprises an AC interface, a first conversion module coupled to the AC interface, an inductive element coupled between the AC interface and the first conversion module, and a control module coupled to the first conversion module. The control module is configured to operate the first conversion module in a bidirectional operating mode to commutate current bidirectionally. When a magnitude of the current through the inductive element is greater than a first threshold value, the control module operates the conversion module in a unidirectional operating mode, wherein current is commutated unidirectionally.

Ransom, Ray M; Kajouke, Lateef A; Perisic, Milun

2012-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Data:28903acc-68c8-44d1-bb0f-9ac5361c9620 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

acc-68c8-44d1-bb0f-9ac5361c9620 acc-68c8-44d1-bb0f-9ac5361c9620 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Mississippi Elec Pwr Assn Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 22 - South System Non-All Electric Residential Rate Sector: Residential Description: This rate shall apply only to electric service to a single-family dwelling (including its appurtenances if served through the same meter), where the major use of electricity is for domestic purposes such as lighting, household appliances, and the personal comfort and convenience of those residing therein.

322

Data:226d2d77-ac3f-4abb-843d-0161b7e36a62 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d2d77-ac3f-4abb-843d-0161b7e36a62 d2d77-ac3f-4abb-843d-0161b7e36a62 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tillamook Peoples Utility Dist Effective date: 2000/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: AREA LIGHTING 400 watt wide angle high pressure sodium Sector: Lighting Description: Available to all customers for dusk to dawn outdoor area lighting not served under street lighting contract. Service under this schedule is also available for television amplifiers for cable systems, and other flat rate services. Special Poles $1.00 per month Source or reference: http://www.tpud.org/servicesAndBilling/rateSchedules/rateSchedules_Light.aspx

323

Data:C2ce0819-d6c4-41a9-8836-2ac0c7dfae14 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

819-d6c4-41a9-8836-2ac0c7dfae14 819-d6c4-41a9-8836-2ac0c7dfae14 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Potomac Electric Power Co Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Residential All - Electric Service - Schedule AE Sector: Description: there are multiple monthly charges, which cannot be entered into out system. Source or reference: http://www.pepco.com/_res/documents/DCRates_AE.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

324

Data:9bf5b01e-3f36-490c-b491-c8ac75436f38 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-3f36-490c-b491-c8ac75436f38 e-3f36-490c-b491-c8ac75436f38 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Benton County Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting 100w HPS District-Owen ed-metered. Sector: Lighting Description: Schedule 51 - Street Lighting Applicable: To governmental agencies and municipal corporations upon receipt of an authorized application for the supply of lighting facilities or energy and maintenance of lighting systems for public streets, alleys, throughfares, grounds and parks. Source or reference: http://www.bentonpud.org/images/site/flipbooks/BentonPUDPolicyRates%20%282%29/#/16/

325

Data:2731ff0d-cbb5-4722-a493-f28da375d7ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ff0d-cbb5-4722-a493-f28da375d7ac ff0d-cbb5-4722-a493-f28da375d7ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Provo City Corp (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Highway Lighting and Traffic Signal Sector: Lighting Description: This schedule is available at any point on the Energy Department electric system where facilities of adequate capacity and standard lighting voltage levels are available. Source or reference: http://secure.provocitypower.com/Schedule%208.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

326

Data:C783d1b8-dd6a-4416-881c-cf73c0ac1530 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd6a-4416-881c-cf73c0ac1530 dd6a-4416-881c-cf73c0ac1530 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Omaha Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 236 DUSK TO DAWN LIGHTING 200 watt Sector: Lighting Description: To all Consumers, for private outdoor lighting service, when such lighting facilities are operated as an extension of the District's distribution system, except for (1) installations on public or semi-public thoroughfares including public parks, where such installations would conflict with a legally constituted public authority having jurisdiction, and (2) athletic fields covered by other rate schedules.

327

Data:07f78f8f-a33a-4414-add9-cd8d2c7ac364 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f8f-a33a-4414-add9-cd8d2c7ac364 f8f-a33a-4414-add9-cd8d2c7ac364 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Randolph Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: L23 - 40 FT CLASS 5 Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY This schedule is available to individual members located on the Cooperative's distribution system. Mercury vapor lights are only available at existing locations. RATE - MONTHLY All night outdoor lighting service using overhead conductors and the Cooperative's standard lighting package equipment mounted on 30-foot Class 6, treated pine poles.

328

Data:166f961b-ac92-4f2f-a50a-e10cfb2631d5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

61b-ac92-4f2f-a50a-e10cfb2631d5 61b-ac92-4f2f-a50a-e10cfb2631d5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Platte-Clay Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SL - 35 watt HPS Yard Light Sector: Lighting Description: Available for lighting streets, walkways, or outdoor lighting of public or private areas when such facilities are operated and maintained as an extension of the Cooperative's distribution system. Electric usage will be unmetered. Source or reference: Rate Binder Kelly 11 ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW)

329

Data:48e80bed-ac05-4cce-a27d-9776f64644f8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bed-ac05-4cce-a27d-9776f64644f8 bed-ac05-4cce-a27d-9776f64644f8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lea County Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2009/08/30 End date if known: Rate name: Small Irrigation Service Sector: Residential Description: Available system-wide to irrigation service accounts with below 50 kW demand. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

330

Data:E2d14267-b03f-4ac5-8148-d99da04578a1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-b03f-4ac5-8148-d99da04578a1 -b03f-4ac5-8148-d99da04578a1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Eugene, Oregon (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: J-4 (Customer-Owned Street Lighting Service) 50 Watt High Pressure Sodium Sector: Lighting Description: To governmental agency, lighting district, and water district-owned daily, dusk-to-dawn lighting systems which illuminate streets, alleys, and thoroughfares used primarily for motorized vehicular traffic and which meet EWEB's specifications. Source or reference: http://www.eweb.org/public/documents/policies/electric5.pdf

331

Data:Fb354812-1c9c-4ac1-9b59-f904acbea6b3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4812-1c9c-4ac1-9b59-f904acbea6b3 4812-1c9c-4ac1-9b59-f904acbea6b3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Idaho Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 7 - Small General Service Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Service under this schedule is available at points on the Company's interconnected system within the State of Idaho where existing facilities of adequate capacity and desired phase and voltage are adjacent to the Premises to be served, and additional investment by the Company for transmission, substation, or terminal facilities is not necessary to supply the desired service.

332

Data:447cc91d-90ac-458d-923e-de90af470cf8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0ac-458d-923e-de90af470cf8 0ac-458d-923e-de90af470cf8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wells Rural Electric Co Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Municipal Street Light Sector: Lighting Description: This schedule is for service required for the lighting of public streets, through fares, alleys and public grounds where service is supplied from the Company owned electrical distribution system. Available to City governments, Nevada Department of Transportation and the Wells Indian Colony who are served by the Company, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Seller. Power Cost Adjustment: Determined by Seller per KWh

333

Data:9b7e3ffc-f95e-43b3-a9c3-e990ac62c383 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ffc-f95e-43b3-a9c3-e990ac62c383 ffc-f95e-43b3-a9c3-e990ac62c383 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mid-Kansas Electric Company, LLC (MKEC) Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: Local Access Delivery Service Sector: Commercial Description: Entire Service Area. For delivery to wholesale (sales for resale) customers over MKEC's 34.5 Kv (or other available lower primary voltage) subtransmission/distribution system. Source or reference: Rate Binder #6 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months):

334

Data:5e440c32-ac22-40a1-8531-521af965bbf7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

-ac22-40a1-8531-521af965bbf7 -ac22-40a1-8531-521af965bbf7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/10/14 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-1 Residential Service Single Phase with Customer-Owned Generation Systems(Greater than 20 kW) Sector: Residential Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales).

335

ac/dc power converter for batteries and fuel cells. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of the EPRI RP841-1 program is the design of an advanced power converter for use in both battery energy storage and fuel cell generation systems in the 1980's. This goal will be accomplished by expansion of United's existing FCG-1 fuel cell power conditioning inverter into a high-efficiency inverter--rectifier system employing improved commutation circuits and advanced (1980's) semiconductor devices capable of operating over wider dc voltage ranges. A separate but concurrent program for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) -- E(49-18)2122 -- is examining augmentation of the present FCG-1 inverter for operation as an inverter--rectifier with battery systems; feasibility and operating characteristics have been demonstrated. United's activities and accomplishments in the EPRI RP841-1 program include revision of the preliminary specification for ac/dc conversion equipment contained in the Statement of Work, survey of seven semiconductor manufacturers to project characteristics of 1980's thyristors, screening of fifteen commutation concepts and selection of the two most promising options for experimental evaluation, and modifications of existing experimental power pole hardware to evaluate the selected advanced commutation circuits. 34 figures, 3 tables.

Rosati, R.W. (ed.)

1978-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Development of an FPGA-based System for Real-Time Simulation of  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) simulators are indispensable for the laboratory operational evaluation of PV energy production system components (e.g. battery chargers, DC/AC inverters etc.), in order to avoid the time-consuming and expensive field-testing process. ...

Eftichios Koutroulis; Kostas Kalaitzakis; Vasileios Tzitzilonis

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Photovoltaic power plant as FACTS devices in multi-feeder systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper illustrates possible configurations for a large-scale photovoltaic power plant (PV), to operate as a FACTS (flexible AC transmission system) device in addition to operating as a source of renewable power generation. ...

Moawwad, Ahmed

338

Forward and reverse control system for induction motors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A control system for controlling the direction of rotation of a rotor of an induction motor includes an array of five triacs with one of the triacs applying a current of fixed phase to the windings of the rotor and four of the triacs being switchable to apply either hot ac current or return ac current to the stator windings so as to reverse the phase of current in the stator relative to that of the rotor and thereby reverse the direction of rotation of the rotor. Switching current phase in the stator is accomplished by operating the gates of pairs of the triacs so as to connect either hot ac current or return ac current to the input winding of the stator. 1 fig.

Wright, J.T.

1987-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Methods, systems and apparatus for synchronous current regulation of a five-phase machine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods, systems and apparatus are provided for controlling operation of and regulating current provided to a five-phase machine when one or more phases has experienced a fault or has failed. In one implementation, the disclosed embodiments can be used to synchronously regulate current in a vector controlled motor drive system that includes a five-phase AC machine, a five-phase inverter module coupled to the five-phase AC machine, and a synchronous current regulator.

Gallegos-Lopez, Gabriel; Perisic, Milun

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

340

AC Loss Reduction in Filamentized YBCO Coated Conductors with Virtual Transverse Cross-cuts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While the performance of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} (YBCO)-based coated conductors under dc currents has improved significantly in recent years, filamentization is being investigated as a technique to reduce ac loss so that the 2nd generation (2G) high temperature superconducting (HTS) wires can also be utilized in various ac power applications such as cables, transformers and fault current limiters. Experimental studies have shown that simply filamentizing the superconducting layer is not effective enough to reduce ac loss because of incomplete flux penetration in between the filaments as the length of the tape increases. To introduce flux penetration in between the filaments more uniformly and further reduce the ac loss, virtual transverse cross-cuts were made in superconducting filaments of the coated conductors fabricated using the metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) method. The virtual transverse cross-cuts were formed by making cross-cuts (17 - 120 {micro}m wide) on the IBAD (ion beam assisted deposition)-MgO templates using laser scribing followed by depositing the superconducting layer ({approx} 0.6 {micro}m thick). AC losses were measured and compared for filamentized conductors with and without the cross-cuts under applied peak ac fields up to 100 mT. The results were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy of filament decoupling and the feasibility of using this method to achieve ac loss reduction.

Zhang, Yifei [ORNL; Duckworth, Robert C [ORNL; Ha, Tam T [ORNL; List III, Frederick Alyious [ORNL; Gouge, Michael J [ORNL; Chen, Y [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; X, Xiong, [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York; Selvamanickam, V. [SuperPower Incorporated, Schenectady, New York

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Retrofitting Air Conditioning and Duct Systems in Hot, Dry Climates  

SciTech Connect

This technical report describes CARB's work with Clark County Community Resources Division in Las Vegas, Nevada, to optimize procedures for upgrading cooling systems on existing homes in the area to implement health, safety, and energy improvements. Detailed monitoring of five AC systems showed that three of the five systems met or exceeded air flow rate goals.

Shapiro, C.; Aldrich, R.; Arena, L.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Data:4770a302-d3d1-4378-9445-ac80dc81aa30 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a302-d3d1-4378-9445-ac80dc81aa30 a302-d3d1-4378-9445-ac80dc81aa30 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Chelan County Effective date: 2008/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: OVERHEAD SERVICE USING A NEW POLE (Schedule 8) Street Light Sector: Lighting Description: To overhead street and/or area lighting systems with all facilities supplied, installed, owned and maintained by the District, including a pole dedicated to the lighting service. Customers paying a $4.90 per month pole charge have the option to convert to the new rate, which includes the pole charge. The with-pole charge is a permanent rate with no expiration date.

343

Data:93248299-1678-4cce-ac76-62cafc6dfb3b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

48299-1678-4cce-ac76-62cafc6dfb3b 48299-1678-4cce-ac76-62cafc6dfb3b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc Effective date: 2000/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE IS-2 - INDUSTRIAL SERVICE Sector: Industrial Description: AVAILABILITY: Available for Consumers who take service directly from the Association's 4,160 volt, 12,500 volt or 24,900 volt substation bus. Subject to the established rules and regulations of the Association. CONDITIONS FOR SERVICE: All conductors, pole lines, and other electrical equipment beyond the substation bus on Consumer side of meter shall be considered the distribution system of the Consumer, and shall be furnished and maintained by the Consumer. MINIMUM MONTHLY CHARGE: $2,198.00 plus any increase required under the Line Extension Policy. POWER FACTOR ADJUSTMENT: Demand charges will be adjusted for Consumers with an average monthly power factor less than 90% lagging. Such adjustments will be made by increasing the billing demand 1% for each 1% by which the average power factor is less than 90% lagging.

344

DC-AC Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Boost Inverter With No Inductors for Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter for electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid EV (HEV) applications implemented without the use of inductors. Currently available power inverter systems for HEVs use a dc-dc boost converter to boost the battery voltage for a traditional three-phase inverter. The present HEV traction drive inverters have low power density, are expensive, and have low efficiency because they need a bulky inductor. A cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter design for EV and HEV applications implemented without the use of inductors is proposed in this paper. Traditionally, each H-bridge needs a dc power supply. The proposed design uses a standard three-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series with each inverter leg which uses a capacitor as the dc power source. A fundamental switching scheme is used to do modulation control and to produce a five-level phase voltage. Experiments show that the proposed dc-ac cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter can output a boosted ac voltage without the use of inductors.

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Du, Zhong [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

A Model for Developing Component-Based and Aspect-Oriented Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP) and Component-Based Software Engineering (CBSE) offer solutions to improve the separation of concerns and to enhance a program structure. If the integration of AOP into CBSE has already been proposed, none of these solutions focus on the application of CBSE principles to AOP. In this paper we propose a twofold integration of AOP and CBSE. We introduce a general model for components and aspects, named Fractal Aspect Component (FAC). FAC decomposes a software system into regular components and aspect components (ACs), where an AC is a regular component that embodies a crosscutting concern. We reify the aspect domain of an AC and the relationship between an AC and a component, called an aspect binding, as first-class runtime entities. This clarifies the architecture of a system where components and aspects coexist. The system can evolve from the design to the execution by adding or removing components, aspects or bindings. 1

Nicolas Pessemier; Lionel Seinturier; Thierry Coupaye; Laurence Duchien

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Microsoft Word - AC Report Final LBNL format-2.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Cooling the Planet: Opportunities for Deployment of Superefficient Room Air Conditioners Nihar Shah 1 , Paul Waide 2 , Amol Phadke 1 LBNL-XXXX 1 Environmental Energy Technologies Division, International Energy Studies Group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 2 Navigant Consulting, Inc. This work was funded by the Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, U.S. Department of State, and administered by the U.S. Department of Energy in support of the Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiative through the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 i Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government in

347

DE-AC05-06OR23100  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NOT SPECIFIED /OTHER NOT SPECIFIED /OTHER ___________ (x) x DE-AC05-06OR23100 copies of the amendment; (b) By acknowledging receipt of this amendment on each copy of the offer submitted; or (c) By separate letter or telegram which includes a reference to the solicitation and amendment numbers. FAILURE OF YOUR ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TO BE RECEIVED AT THE PLACE DESIGNATED FOR THE RECEIPT OF OFFERS PRIOR TO THE HOUR AND DATE SPECIFIED MAY RESULT IN REJECTION OF YOUR OFFER. If by virtue of this amendment you desire to change an offer already submitted, such change may be made by telegram or letter, provided each telegram or letter makes reference to the solicitation and this amendment, and is received prior to the opening hour and date specified. 041152224 OAK RIDGE ASSOCIATED UNIVERSITIES, INC.

348

Integrated Numerical Modeling Process for Evaluating Automobile Climate Control Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FCC-70 FCC-70 Integrated Numerical Modeling Process for Evaluating Automobile Climate Control Systems John Rugh National Renewable Energy Laboratory Copyright © 2002 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. ABSTRACT The air-conditioning (A/C) system compressor load can significantly impact the fuel economy and tailpipe emissions of conventional and hybrid electric automobiles. With the increasing emphasis on fuel economy, it is clear that the A/C compressor load needs to be reduced. In order to accomplish this goal, more efficient climate control delivery systems and reduced peak soak temperatures will be necessary to reduce the impact of vehicle A/C systems on fuel economy and tailpipe emissions. Good analytical techniques are important in identifying promising concepts. The goal at

349

Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item July 1, 2010 - 5:11pm Addthis Greener Commercial A/C Units Becoming a Cool Item Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE A new federal tax credit is helping McQuay International expand its line of energy-efficient HVAC products at two of its plants and bring back furloughed workers. With the help of a 48C manufacturing tax credit worth $2 million under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, McQuay's Minnesota and Virginia plants have been or will be upgraded and expanded to produce new lines of energy efficient products. The tax credit is playing a role, but offering a bigger-and more efficient-selection of HVAC products also came down to basic economics:

350

AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up AEP (Central and SWEPCO) - Coolsaver A/C Tune Up < Back Eligibility Commercial Installer/Contractor Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Program Info Funding Source AEP Texas (Central and SWEPCO) Companies State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $75 coupon/customer; contractor incentives Provider CLEAResult Consulting, Inc. Participating customers are eligible to receive a $75 coupon for use toward A/C and heat pump efficiency services performed as a result of the program's tune-up analysis. Residential and small commercial HVAC contractors that service customers served by SWEPCO may apply to

351

ac and dc current-induced motion of a 360 degrees domain wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he response of 360 [360 degrees]domain walls in narrow magnetic stripes to applied dc and ac currents, investigated by micromagnetic simulation, differs qualitatively from the response of 180 [180 degrees] domain walls. ...

Mascaro, Mark D.

352

www.exeter.ac.uk/inspiring-science Cellulose: sustainable and renewable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.exeter.ac.uk/inspiring-science Cellulose: sustainable and renewable material for many The talk will cover the use of cellulose as a sustainable and renewable source for use in composites

Mumby, Peter J.

353

Prime Contract Modification DE-AC36-99GO10337 Modification M070...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J "List of Documents, Exhibits, and Other Attachments" Attachment 5 "applicable directives, List B" of Contract DE-AC36-99GO10377 is deleted and replaced in its entirety to...

354

www.swan.ac.uk/artsandhumanities/ Arbenigeddau Diddordebau Ymchwil a Goruchwylio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

llenyddiaeth ddiweddar, theori beirniadol, golygu testunau o'r cyfnod diweddar ac o'r cyfnod canol. Yma y Canol a'r cyfnod modern cynnar, Cyfraith Hywel, llenyddiaeth cymoedd de-ddwyrain Cymru. Dr. Rhys Jones

Martin, Ralph R.

355

Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046; RIN 1904-AC52 | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046; RIN 1904-AC52 This memorandum for the record provides a summary of a visit by Mr. Roland Risser, Program Manager, Building Technologies Program,...

356

Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046; RIN 1904-AC52 Ex partecommunication...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ex parte communication Meeting of May 16, 2013 Docket No. EERE-2012-BT-TP-0046; RIN 1904-AC52 Ex parte communication Meeting of May 16, 2013 This memorandum for the record...

357

Carbon nanostructures production by AC arc discharge plasma process at atmospheric pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanostructures have received much attention for a wide range of applications. In this paper, we produced carbon nanostructures by decomposition of benzene using AC arc discharge plasma process at atmospheric pressure. Discharge was carried out ...

Shenqiang Zhao; Ruoyu Hong; Zhi Luo; Haifeng Lu; Biao Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) Fuel Cell Transit Buses: Preliminary Evaluation Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides an evaluation of three prototype fuel cell-powered transit buses operating at AC Transit in Oakland, California, and six baseline diesel buses similar in design to the fuel cell buses.

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

ICSI'S 2005 SPEAKER RECOGNITION SYSTEM Nikki Mirghafori, Andrew O. Hatch, Steven Stafford, Kofi Boakye, Daniel Gillick, and Barbara Peskin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ICSI'S 2005 SPEAKER RECOGNITION SYSTEM Nikki Mirghafori, Andrew O. Hatch, Steven Stafford, Kofi://htk.eng.cam.ac.uk/. [6] D. Gillick, S. Stafford, and B. Peskin. Speaker detection without models. In ICASSP, pages I­757

Mirghafori, N. Nikki

360

To appeared in "Securing Transportation Systems, Protecting Critical Infrastructures Series (Book)", 2012 On the Rationality and Optimality of Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To appeared in "Securing Transportation Systems, Protecting Critical Infrastructures Series (Book)", 2012 On the Rationality and Optimality of Transportation Networks Defense -- a Network Centrality Eng., Ben-Gurion University {puzis,elovici}@bgu.ac.il 3 Transportation Research Institute, Technion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Methods for comparative assessment of active and passive safety systems with respect to reliability, uncertainty, economy, and flexibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Passive cooling systems sometimes use natural circulation, and they are not dependent on emergency AC power or offsite power, which can make designs simpler through the reduction of emergency power supplying infrastructure. ...

Oh, Jiyong

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Household type load's effects on photovoltaic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar energy is one of the most important energy sources available because, besides the fact that it is not polluting the environment and it helps to the reduction of green house effect, it is free of charge and it can be easily converted to other ... Keywords: A.C. loads, D.C. loads, compact fluorescent lamp, photovoltaic system, power LED

Nazmi Ekren; Nevzat Onat; Safak Saglam

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Calorimetric method of ac loss measurement in a rotating magnetic field  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is described for calorimetric ac-loss measurements of high-T{sub c} superconductors (HTS) at 80 K. It is based on a technique used at 4.2 K for conventional superconducting wires that allows an easy loss measurement in parallel or perpendicular external field orientation. This paper focuses on ac loss measurement setup and calibration in a rotating magnetic field. This experimental setup is to demonstrate measuring loss using a temperature rise method under the influence of a rotating magnetic field. The slight temperature increase of the sample in an ac-field is used as a measure of losses. The aim is to simulate the loss in rotating machines using HTS. This is a unique technique to measure total ac loss in HTS at power frequencies. The sample is mounted on to a cold finger extended from a liquid nitrogen heat exchanger (HEX). The thermal insulation between the HEX and sample is provided by a material of low thermal conductivity, and low eddy current heating sample holder in vacuum vessel. A temperature sensor and noninductive heater have been incorporated in the sample holder allowing a rapid sample change. The main part of the data is obtained in the calorimetric measurement is used for calibration. The focus is on the accuracy and calibrations required to predict the actual ac losses in HTS. This setup has the advantage of being able to measure the total ac loss under the influence of a continuous moving field as experienced by any rotating machines.

Ghoshal, P. K. [Oxford Instruments NanoScience, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX13 5QX (United Kingdom); Coombs, T. A.; Campbell, A. M. [Department of Engineering, Electrical Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 0FA (United Kingdom)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Attachment to Modification M125 BWXT Pantex, LLC Contract No. DE-AC04-00AL66620  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

M125 M125 BWXT Pantex, LLC Contract No. DE-AC04-00AL66620 PX-SEC-J (01/16/07) J-App. E-1 PART III - LIST OF DOCUMENTS, EXHIBITS, AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS SECTION J - LIST OF ATTACHMENTS APPENDIX E - LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES January 16, 2007 Pursuant to the contract clause entitled "Laws, Regulations, and DOE Directives," the following list of directives is applicable to this contract. Environmental, Safety, and Health (ES&H) requirements for work conducted under this contract have been incorporated into this Appendix using a DOE-approved tailored process, Contractor-prepared document entitled "Management Integration & Controls Document" (MIC), which is BWXT's Integrated Safety Management System Description Requirements.

365

Attachment to Modification M067 BWXT Pantex, LLC Contract No. DE-AC04-00AL66620  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

M067 M067 BWXT Pantex, LLC Contract No. DE-AC04-00AL66620 PX-SEC-J (6-24-04).doc J-App. E-1 PART III - LIST OF DOCUMENTS, EXHIBITS, AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS SECTION J - LIST OF ATTACHMENTS APPENDIX E - LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES June 24, 2004 Pursuant to the contract clause entitled "Laws, Regulations, and DOE Directives," the following list of Directives is applicable to this contract. Environmental, Safety, and Health (ES&H) requirements for work conducted under this contract have been incorporated into this Appendix using a DOE-approved tailored process, Contractor-prepared document entitled "Management Integration & Controls Document" (MIC), which is BWXT's Integrated Safety Management System Description.

366

Data System Sciences & Engineering Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Advanced Computing Solutions Team Advanced Computing Solutions (ACS) Team is engaged in multifaceted research. ACS is accomplished at bringing leading-edge, custom-developed...

367

Superconducting magnetic energy storage for asynchronous electrical systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

It is an object of the present invention to provide superconducting magnetic energy storage for a plurality of asynchronous electrical systems. It is a further object of the present invention to provide load leveling and stability improvement in a plurality of independent ac systems using a single superconducting magnetic energy storage coil.

Boenig, H.J.

1984-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

368

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum key distribution system clocked at 2 GHz Karen J. Gordon, Veronica Fernandez, Gerald S, Ireland http://www.phy.hw.ac.uk/resrev/photoncounting/index.html Abstract: An improved quantum key-based quantum key distribution test system performance in terms of transmission distance and quantum bit error

Buller, Gerald S.

369

Energy management/dimming system and control  

SciTech Connect

A method is described for operating a dimming system connected to a fluorescent lighting system. The fluorescent lighting system includes a ballast, fluorescent lamps and an AC source. The dimming system includes a switch connected in series with the ballast and a dimming control circuit for controlling the switch, the dimming control circuit adapted to turn on and off the switch at a high frequency during a notch period within each half-cycle of current supplied to the ballast by the AC source. It adapts to turn on the switch during the portions of each half-cycle outside of the notch period, the location and duration of the notch period being controlled by the dimming control circuit to provide a variable light output from the lighting system in response to a level command.

Alley, R.P.; Bicknell, W.H.; Routh, K.C.

1987-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

370

A Study On High Voltage AC Power Transmission Line Electric And Magnetic Field Coupling With Nearby Metallic Pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the recent years, there has been a trend to run metallic pipelines carrying petroleum products and high voltage AC power lines parallel to each (more)

Gupta, Abhishek

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

PAMPA II Advanced Charting System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Management is the primary key to successful software development. In 1995 Caper Jones stated that the failure or cancellation rate of large software systems was over 20% in his article on patterns of large software systems. More than two thirds of the projects fail due to improper management of skills, activities, and personnel. One main reason is that software is not a tangible entity and is hard to visualize and hence to monitor. A manager has to be skilled in different CASE tools and technologies to track and manage a software development process successfully. The volume of results produced by these CASE tools is so huge that a high level manager cannot look into all the details. He has to get a high level picture of the project, to know where the project is heading, and if needed, then look into the finer level details by drilling down to locate and correct problems. The objective of this thesis is to build an Advanced Charting System (ACS), which would act as a companion to PAMPA 2 (Project Attribute Monitoring and Prediction Associate) and help a manager visualize the state of a software project over a standard World Wide Web browser. The PAMPA 2 ACS will be responsible for visualizing and tracking of resources, tasks, schedules and milestones of a software project described in the plan. PAMPA 2 ACS will have the ability to depict the status of the project through a variety of graphs and charts. PAMPA 2 ACS implements a novel charting technique called as DOT Chart to track the processes and activities of a software project. PAMPA 2 ACS provides a multilevel view of the project status. PAMPA 2 ACS will be able to track any arbitrary plan starting from a collapsed / concise view of a whole project. This can be further drilled down to the lowest level of detail. The status can be viewed at the project version level, plan and workbreakdown levels, process, sub process, and activity level. Among all the process models, the DOT charts can be applied effectively to spiral process model where each spiral represents a project version.

Inbarajan, Prabhu Anand

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Data:0035917e-2145-402d-ac20-617ac6c62e50 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e-2145-402d-ac20-617ac6c62e50 e-2145-402d-ac20-617ac6c62e50 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: CenterPoint Energy Effective date: 2013/01/25 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting - HPS 250 Watt SB - Existing Pole Mounts Sector: Lighting Description: Electric, LLC (CEHE or Company) where facilities of adequate capacity and suitable voltage are adjacent to the street lighting fixtures and ornamental standards (if any) to be served. The standard street lighting service provided by the Company is installed along public streets, roadways or other public access areas in accordance with Section 6.1.2.2, Construction Services, in this Tariff. Company will only provide for the delivery of electric power and energy, the street lighting fixtures and ornamental standards (if any), and maintenance. Retail Customer's electric power and energy must be provided by the Retail Customer's REP in accordance with Applicable Legal Authorities and the Company's Tariff.

373

Data:Da10b869-2522-4b0f-b7b6-3127ac40ac6b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Da10b869-2522-4b0f-b7b6-3127ac40ac6b Da10b869-2522-4b0f-b7b6-3127ac40ac6b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Southwestern Electric Coop Inc (New Mexico) Effective date: 2007/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial Lighting Service >500 HP Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.swec-coop.org/rates-602-IRR.cfm Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

374

Data:5799bbde-f3a9-4d53-96ac-552ac0d3bad4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bbde-f3a9-4d53-96ac-552ac0d3bad4 bbde-f3a9-4d53-96ac-552ac0d3bad4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: CenterPoint Energy Effective date: 2013/01/25 End date if known: Rate name: Secondary Service - Greater than 10 kVa, Non-IDR Metered, less than 400 kVa (TC-MGS) - Muni Discount Rate Sector: Commercial Description: Delivery Service will be single-phase, 60 hertz, at a standard secondary voltage. Delivery Service will be metered using Company's standard watt-hour Meter provided for this type of Delivery Service. Any other metering option(s) will be provided at an additional charge and/or will be provided by a Meter Owner other than the Company pursuant to Applicable Legal Authorities. Where Delivery Service of the type desired is not available at the Point of Delivery, additional charges and special contract arrangements may be required prior to Delivery Service being furnished, pursuant to Section 6.1.2.2, Construction Services, in this Tariff.

375

Low Cost Fabrication of 2G Wires for AC Applications  

SciTech Connect

Ink-jet printing has been demonstrated as an adaptable technology for printing YBCO filaments using a Metal Organic (MO) YBCO precursor. The technology was demonstrated using AMSC's proprietary metal organic TFA-based YBCO precursor and a commercial piezoelectric print-head on RABiTS templates. Filaments with a width of 100 um and spacing of 200 um were successfully printed, decomposed and processed to YBCO. Critical currents of {approx} 200 A/cm-w were achieved in a series of filaments with a 2 mm width. The single nozzle laboratory printer used in the Phase 1 program is capable of printing {approx} 100 um wide single filaments at a rate of 8-10 cm/sec. The electrical stabilization of filaments with a Ag ink was also evaluated using ink-jet printing. The overall objective of the Phase 1 Project was the evaluation and demonstration of inkjet-printing for depositing YBCO filaments on textured templates (RABiTS, IBAD, ISD, etc. substrates) with properties appropriate for low loss ac conductors. Goals of the Phase 1 program included development of an appropriate precursor ink, demonstration of the printing process, processing and characterization of printed YBCO filaments and evaluation of the process for further development.

Kodenkandath, T.; List, F.A., III

2005-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Magnetostrictive materials and method for improving AC characteristics in same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention provides Terfenol-D alloys ("doped" Terfenol) having optimized performances under the condition of time-dependent magnetic fields. In one embodiment, performance is optimized by lowering the conductivity of Terfenol, thereby improving the frequency response. This can be achieved through addition of Group III or IV elements, such as Si and Al. Addition of these types of elements provides scattering sites for conduction electrons, thereby increasing resistivity by 125% which leads to an average increase in penetration depth of 80% at 1 kHz and an increase in energy conversion efficiency of 55%. The permeability of doped Terfenol remains constant over a wider frequency range as compared with undoped Terfenol. These results demonstrate that adding impurities, such as Si and Al, are effective in improving the ac characteristics of Terfenol. A magnetoelastic Gruneisen parameter, .gamma..sub.me, has also been derived from the thermodynamic equations of state, and provides another means by which to characterize the coupling efficiency in magnetostrictive materials on a more fundamental basis.

Pulvirenti, Patricia P. (Chicago, IL); Jiles, David C. (Ames, IA)

2001-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

377

Large hydrofoil transmission system study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a study to determine the performance and physical characteristics of an ac electrical system intended for use as the propulsion system of large hydrofoils. Section I provides a technical description of the system in terms of performance, weight and component characteristics. Section II describes anticipated problems associated with development of the system and its components, and includes activities through design and fabrication, and qualification of an integrated system. Two system configurations are considereed in this study. Configuration I which is the preferred one, consists of two direct-turbine-driven ac generators supplying electrical power to either foilborne or hullborne propeller induction drive motors. Conventional switchgear is used for connecting the generator to either the foil or hull drive motors. Each induction motor supplies power to a fixed pitch propeller via a planetary type gearbox. Speed and power output of each induction motor is controlled by fuel to the turbine. Configuration II consists of independent foilborne and hullborne propulsion systems. For takeoff and foilborne operation, two direct LM2500 turbine-drive ac generators supply electrical power to the foil propeller induction motors. Operation in this mode is identical to Configuration I. Configuration II provides a trade off between greater system weight, against a lower hullborne fuel consumption rate obtained by operating smaller turbines in hullborne mode. This provides, potentially, a greater hullborne range.

1977-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

378

UTask-Web URL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/kyomu/info/zenki/zenki-top/framepage7.htm URL https://zkyomu-m.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp/UTask-m/mobile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UTask-Web 1 UTask-Web UTask-Web 12 ID UTask-Web UTask-Web URL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/kyomu/info/zenki/zenki-top/framepage7.htm URL https://zkyomu-m.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp/UTask-m/mobile 2011 10 #12;UTask-Web 2 UTask-WebWeb................................................... 3 UTask-Web

Katsumoto, Shingo

379

Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PNNL-18896 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Hanford for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and rapidly since 1970. Figure 2 illustrates that, when indexed relative to the U.S. Consumer Price Index (DOL

380

Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 PNNL-20955 Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Energy MR Brambley December 2011 Prepared for U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Laboratory, with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Technologies Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage, Petrobras 2008 1 University of Edinburgh (est 1583)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

volumes Reservoir engineering, Risk, Public acceptance #12;s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Scottish Centres.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Scottish Centre for Carbon Storage, Petrobras 2008 1 University of Edinburgh (est 1583) · Top 5 UK research · Top 30 - 35 in world · 24,000 students · 4,000 research students · 1

Haszeldine, Stuart

382

New Power Electronics Converter Interfacing a Hybrid Dc/Ac Microgrid M. Alibeik, E. C. dos Santos Jr.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Power Electronics Converter Interfacing a Hybrid Dc/Ac Microgrid M. Alibeik, E. C. dos Santos possible to combine ac and dc subgrids to form the hybrid microgrid. The main advantage of the hybrid microgrid is that it has higher efficiency and lesser power conversion. In this work is proposed a new

Zhou, Yaoqi

383

Why Sequence freshwater Actinobacteria belonging to the acI lineage?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sequence freshwater Actinobacteria Sequence freshwater Actinobacteria belonging to the acI lineage? The most abundant freshwater bacterioplankton is one that researchers have been unable to grow for study in the lab, away from its natural habitat. The acI Actinobacteria make up as much as 50 percent of the plankton in freshwater lakes and rivers all over the world but researchers don't know exactly what ecological role the bacteria play and how they influence the carbon cycle. Researchers have also noticed that the bacterial population seems to increase when algal blooms or leaf little are present in the water, so they think that bacteria might have enzymes that can break down plant cell walls. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) image of acI Actinobacteria in water from Lake Geirneggsee, Austria

384

The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power The War of the Currents: AC vs. DC Power November 20, 2013 - 3:52pm Addthis Electrical transmission lines cross a snow-covered field in Dallas Dam, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department Flickr page. Electrical transmission lines cross a snow-covered field in Dallas Dam, Oregon. | Photo courtesy of the Energy Department Flickr page. Allison Lantero Allison Lantero Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Tesla vs. Edison Are you on #TeamTesla or #TeamEdison? Vote now on our website for your favorite inventor! Submit questions for Tesla and Edison experts to answer during our live Google+ Hangout on Thursday, Nov. 21, at 12:30 p.m. EST. Read our lists of top facts about Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla.

385

Magnetometry of random AC magnetic fields using a single Nitrogen-Vacancy center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the use of a single NV center to probe fluctuating AC magnetic fields. Using engineered currents to induce random changes in the field amplitude and phase, we show that stochastic fluctuations reduce the NV center sensitivity and, in general, make the NV response field-dependent. We also introduce two modalities to determine the field spectral composition, unknown a priori in a practical application. One strategy capitalizes on the generation of AC-field-induced coherence 'revivals', while the other approach uses the time-tagged fluorescence intensity record from successive NV observations to reconstruct the AC field spectral density. These studies are relevant for magnetic sensing in scenarios where the field of interest has a non-trivial, stochastic behavior, such as sensing unpolarized nuclear spin ensembles at low static magnetic fields.

Abdelghani Laraoui; Jonathan S. Hodges; Carlos A. Meriles

2010-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

386

Feasibility study of AC- and DC-side active filters for HVDC converter terminals  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates the technical and economic feasibility for active filtering of dc-side voltage harmonics and the ac-side current harmonics produced by a HVDC converter. The following designs for the active filter concepts are compared with the existing ac-side and dc-side passive filters used at the Dickinson terminal of the CU HVDC transmission line project: the dc-side active filter consisting of a capacitor coupled current injection source to actively neutralize the 12th, 24th and the 36th harmonics, and the ac-side active filter designed to provide the same fundamental frequency reactive VARs as the existing passive filters. Controlled currents are injected to actively filter the 11th and 13th harmonic currents. A cost comparison is made between these active filter designs and the cost of the existing passive filters supplied by the United Power Association (UPA).

Wong, C.; Mohan, N. (Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (USA). Dept. of Electrical Engineering); Wright, S.E. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (USA)); Mortenson, K.N. (United Power Association, Elk River, MN (USA))

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Low AC Loss YBCO Coated Conductor Geometry by Direct Inkjet Printing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The second generation (2G) high temperature superconductors (HTS) wire offers potential benefits for many electric power applications, including ones requiring filamentized conductors with low ac loss, such as transformers and fault current limiters. However, the use of 2G wire in these applications requires the development of both novel multi-filamentary conductor designs with lower ac losses and the development of advanced manufacturing technologies that enable the low-cost manufacturing of these filamentized architectures. This Phase I SBIR project focused on testing inkjet printing as a potential low-cost, roll-to-roll manufacturing technique to fabricate potential low ac loss filamentized architectures directly on the 2G template strips.

Rupich, Martin, Dr. [American Superconductor Corporation; Duckworth, Robert, Dr. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Method And Apparatus For Production Of Bi-213 From The Activity Ac-225 Source  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for isolating and purifying a .sup.213 Bi radioactive isotope from an .sup.225 Ac source using a primary column and a primary sorbent which preferentially retains .sup.225 Ac over .sup.213 Bi when exposed to a compatible solvent in combination with a secondary column having a secondary sorbent which retains .sup.213 Bi when exposed to a mixture of the compatible solvent and .sup.213 Bi. A "compatible solvent" is a solvent which will preferentially remove .sup.213 Bi radioactive isotopes from a primary sorbent without removing .sup.225 Ac radioactive isotopes, and then allow .sup.213 Bi radioactive isotopes removed from the primary sorbent to be retained on a secondary sorbent, without having to dilute or otherwise chemically or physically modify the compatible solvent in between exposure to the primary and secondary sorbents.

Egorov, Oleg B. (West Richland, WA); O' Hara, Matthew J. (Richland, WA)

2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

389

The ACS LCID Project: Variable Stars in Tucana and LGS3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results concerning the search for short-period variable stars in Tucana and LGS3 based on very deep HST/ACS imaging. In the one chip per galaxy we studied so far, a total of 230 and 80 candidates variables were found, respectively. For Tucana, we identified 134 of them as RR Lyrae stars (RRL) pulsating in the fundamental mode (RRab), 51 in the first-overtone mode (RRc), and 37 in both modes simultaneoulsy (RRd), as well as four candidate anomalous Cepheids (AC). In the case of LGS3, we found 45 RRab and 5 RRc, plus three candidates RRd and five candidate AC. The metallicities obtained from the mean period of the RRab are [Fe/H]_{Tuc}=-1.7 and [Fe/H]_{LGS3}=-1.8.

Bernard, Edouard J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The ACS LCID Project: Variable Stars in Tucana and LGS3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present preliminary results concerning the search for short-period variable stars in Tucana and LGS3 based on very deep HST/ACS imaging. In the one chip per galaxy we studied so far, a total of 230 and 80 candidates variables were found, respectively. For Tucana, we identified 134 of them as RR Lyrae stars (RRL) pulsating in the fundamental mode (RRab), 51 in the first-overtone mode (RRc), and 37 in both modes simultaneoulsy (RRd), as well as four candidate anomalous Cepheids (AC). In the case of LGS3, we found 45 RRab and 5 RRc, plus three candidates RRd and five candidate AC. The metallicities obtained from the mean period of the RRab are [Fe/H]_{Tuc}=-1.7 and [Fe/H]_{LGS3}=-1.8.

Edouard J. Bernard

2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Magnetometry of random AC magnetic fields using a single Nitrogen-Vacancy center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the use of a single NV center to probe fluctuating AC magnetic fields. Using engineered currents to induce random changes in the field amplitude and phase, we show that stochastic fluctuations reduce the NV center sensitivity and, in general, make the NV response field-dependent. We also introduce two modalities to determine the field spectral composition, unknown a priori in a practical application. One strategy capitalizes on the generation of AC-field-induced coherence 'revivals', while the other approach uses the time-tagged fluorescence intensity record from successive NV observations to reconstruct the AC field spectral density. These studies are relevant for magnetic sensing in scenarios where the field of interest has a non-trivial, stochastic behavior, such as sensing unpolarized nuclear spin ensembles at low static magnetic fields.

Laraoui, Abdelghani; Meriles, Carlos A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Measurements of Voltage and Current Surges on the AC ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Environments R. Odenberg Transtector Systems. Inc. Hayden Lake, Idaho 83835 Abstract - Speci a1 computerized instrumentation ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

393

Development of an FPGA-based system for real-time simulation of photovoltaic modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Photovoltaic (PV) simulators are indispensable for the operational evaluation of PV energy production system components (e.g. battery chargers, DC/AC inverters, etc.), in order to avoid the time-consuming and expensive field-testing process. In this ... Keywords: DC/DC converter, Field programmable gate array, Photovoltaic system, Rapid system prototyping, Simulator

Eftichios Koutroulis; Kostas Kalaitzakis; Vasileios Tzitzilonis

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Transient Behavior of Systems Containing FACTS Devices: Modeling of the Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power planners need more sophisticated analytical tools to assess the full potential of flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices and evaluate possible applications. This report investigates the performance of FACTS devices in power systems using a comprehensive digital simulator that permits accurate analysis of complex system interactions.

1997-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

395

Analysis of the Energy Consumption of VAV System in Different Supply Air Control Strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variable air volume (VAV) system has been widely applied due to its characteristics of eminent energy saving and thermal comfort. Because of its above characteristics, sophisticated automatic control systems are required to support its operation. While ... Keywords: VAV A/C system, supply air control strategy, energy consumption analysis

Junjie Guo, Xiangxin Cheng

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Analysis of Control Interactions on FACTS-Assisted Power Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of comprehensive analyses of the dynamic behavior for power systems controlled by multiple Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) Controllers. Using a representative "benchmark" power system throughout the analyses and studies, an approach identifying the most effective FACTS Controllers, location, type, and ratings was developed. The control and coordination among the implemented FACTS Controllers in the studied power system were extensively investigated.

1998-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

397

Systems and methods for creation of conducting networks of magnetic particles through dynamic self-assembly process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Self-assembly of magnetic microparticles in AC magnetic fields. Excitation of the system by an AC magnetic field provides a variety of patterns that can be controlled by adjusting the frequency and the amplitude of the field. At low particle densities the low-frequency magnetic excitation favors cluster phase formation, while high frequency excitation favors chains and netlike structures. For denser configurations, an abrupt transition to the network phase was obtained.

Snezhko, Oleksiy (Woodridge, IL); Aronson, Igor (Darien, IL); Kwok, Wai-Kwong (Downers Grove, IL)

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

398

Google Yahoo! Web http://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/etclibs.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 5 1 478 5 6000 2 3 4 PC 5 Google Yahoo! Web 1 http://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/etclibs.html 2 3 4 5 65 #12;4 4.1 4.1.1 6 WINE 11,709 7 Web Wikipedia WINE Web Google 8 Web Web PDF Word Excel blog Consumer://www.wul.waseda.ac.jp/CLIB/ref-j.html 9 1 10http://ja.wikipedia.org/ 66 #12;4.1. 11 Google Scholar12 Google Books13 Web 3 4.1.2 1 4

Kasahara, Hironori

399

Data:34a8b7fa-422b-4dc6-ac92-07f697f0bc22 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fa-422b-4dc6-ac92-07f697f0bc22 fa-422b-4dc6-ac92-07f697f0bc22 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: El Paso Electric Co Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: DELETE Sector: Commercial Description: This rider is closed to all new service applications. For domestic electric water heating service (swimming pool, commercial dishwasher water heating and water heating utilized for space heating excluded). The service shall be metered on a circuit which shall include only water heating elements and exclude all other services. Periods of electric supply service may be scheduled to conform to off-peak conditions of the Company's system. The Company reserves the right to change the off-peak periods of supply to meet the changing off-peak conditions of its system. The Company, at its option, will furnish and connect to the Customer's wiring and retain ownership of a time switch or suitable device to regulate the hours of use.

400

Data:C33d18ac-ec9a-44b1-b242-c482b98c2bab | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d18ac-ec9a-44b1-b242-c482b98c2bab d18ac-ec9a-44b1-b242-c482b98c2bab No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Minnesota Power Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL DUAL FUEL INTERRUPTIBLE ELECTRIC SERVICE HIGH V Sector: Commercial Description: To the interruptible electric service requirements of Commercial/Industrial Customers where an alternative source of energy is available to satisfy these requirements during periods of interruption. Service shall be delivered at one point from facilities of adequate type and capacity and shall be metered at (or compensated to) the voltage of delivery. Service is subject to Company's Electric Service Regulations and any applicable Riders. TYPE OF SERVICE Single phase, three phase, or single and three phase, 60 hertz, at low voltage (voltage level lower than that available from Company's 13,000 volt system) or high voltage (voltage level equal to or greater than that available from Company's 13,000 volt system).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

Data:Fbe8ac6d-b14a-4115-887a-c083d118bb18 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b14a-4115-887a-c083d118bb18 b14a-4115-887a-c083d118bb18 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jackson Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Commercial General Service All Electric Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.jacksonemc.com/business-manage-my-account-commercial-rates-options/schedules/general-service-all-electric Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

402

Investigation of Multi-Frequency Power Transmission and System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation presents a new power system transmission concept based on frequency selectivity named Multi-Frequency Power System (MFPS). This system allows for selective power transmission among terminals in an interconnected system, and is enabled by power electronic technology. The dissertation starts with a presentation of some of the challenges faced by modern power systems, and includes a description of various power system technologies developed in an attempt to solve them. Then, our proposed solution is presented as an alternative to electric power transmission, and the fundamental concepts are explained. A version of the MFPS is developed, which has relevance to the problem of renewable sources integration. This AC DC Power System is further explored, and the topology of the system and the converters is presented, as well as the control techniques used in its operation. The dissertation also presents a performance study of the AC DC system, which was done in Simulink, and it demonstrates the robustness of the system under various dynamic and fault conditions. Finally, a summary of the work is given in the last section of the dissertation. The contributions of our research to the state of technology are discussed. These contributions include: the demonstration of power selectivity based on frequency identification, the development of a novel transmission system and a AC DC integrated implementation of it, and the development of a control and converter that enables selective power transmission. Also, some of the most relevant future research initiatives related to this topic are presented.

Barazarte Conte, Ronald

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Bulk Electricity System Impacts of Distributed and Transmission System Connected Solar PV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes research examining how increased levels of photovoltaic (PV) can impact the bulk electricity system. Previous modeling of both bulk and distributed systems was extended to include more realistic assumptions, further sensitivities, and greater explanation of results. It was shown that high penetrations of distributed PV without low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) will increase voltage recovery time after a fault. The impact is exacerbated when the potential for residential ac ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

404

A Comparison of the AC and DC Power Flow Models for LMP Calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

shifting transformers is often dependent upon the transformer's tap value. Last, the power flow modelsA Comparison of the AC and DC Power Flow Models for LMP Calculations Thomas J. Overbye, Xu Cheng power flow model for LMP-based market calculations. The paper first provides a general discussion

405

Thin superconducting disk with field-dependent critical current: Magnetization and ac susceptibilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin superconducting disk with field-dependent critical current: Magnetization and ac of a superconducting thin disk are calculated in the critical-state model assuming a field-dependent critical current for the flux and current distributions Phys. Rev. B 60, 13 112 1999 for a disk placed in a perpendicular

Johansen, Tom Henning

406

An Assessment of High Performance AC Motor Drives Versus DC Motor Drives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In today's rapidly changing market place, drive users are applying AC and DC drives in applications that require more demanding speed and torque performance. Properly matching a drive's rating and unit characteristics to an application are two very effective ways of managing unit cost and cost reduction.

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

407

Refrigeration load calculation of a HTSC current lead under AC conditions  

SciTech Connect

A 5 kA{sub rms}/50kV HTSC hybrid AC current lead is developed within a BRITE/EURAM cooperation between Alcatel Alsthom, Hoechst and Siemens. For the optimization of the conductor geometry computer codes have been realized. For the evaluation of AC losses in the superconducting melt cast processed Bi-2212 part, the Bean model has not turned out to be practicable especially when the current exceeds the I{sub c}(T) curve. This is of course related to the low n-value (n {le} 10) of the superconducting transition curve in this material. A new calculation based on experimental E(J,B,T) curves allows the evaluation of AC losses in the temperature range of interest. These results are used for the calculation of the maximum stable length and the low temperature heat load which is more than three times smaller than in an all metal DC lead. Together with the 77 K heat load of the normal part of the AC lead, the overall 300 K refrigeration load is calculated.

Herrmann, P.F.; Cottevieille, C.; Leriche, A. [Alcatel Alsthom Recherche, Marcoussis (France); Elschner, S. [Hoechst AG, Frankfurt (Germany)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

AC conductivity of nanoporous metal-oxide photoanodes for solar energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AC conductivity of nanoporous metal-oxide photoanodes for solar energy conversion Steven J. Konezny and SnO2 play a central role in solar energy conversion applications.1­7 In fact, the discovery of low-cost high-efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) (i.e., exceeding 10% solar-to-electric energy

409

Synthesis Gas Production from Partial Oxidation of Methane with Air in AC Electric Gas Discharge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

depending on the ratio of hydrogen to carbon monoxide. Most synthesis gas is produced by the steam reform reaction. Industrially, steam reforming is performed over a Ni/ Al2O3 catalyst.9 The typical problemSynthesis Gas Production from Partial Oxidation of Methane with Air in AC Electric Gas Discharge K

Mallinson, Richard

410

Nano-diamonds in the Universe A.C. Andersen,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano-diamonds in the Universe A.C. Andersen,1 H. Mutschke,2 L. Binette3 , S. Höfner4 1 NORDITA, SE-75120 Uppsala Sweden The first direct evidence for nano-diamonds in space came from meteorites. Laboratory analyses on fine-grained diamond residues from primitive meteorites have shown that nano- diamonds

Andersen, Anja C.

411

EPRI Comments on Swedish Study of PCB Accumulation Beneath AC Power Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A paper entitled, "Increased deposition of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) under an AC high-voltage power line," was recently published in Atmospheric Environment (2009;43:6168-6174). These EPRI Comments evaluate the strengths and limitations of the study and provide perspective in the context of results from previous studies.

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

412

www.tyndall.ac.uk Shale gas: an updated assessment of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, such as oil derived from tar sands. Nevertheless, there are several routes by which shale gas extraction maywww.tyndall.ac.uk Shale gas: an updated assessment of environmental and climate change impacts Summary This report, commissioned by The Co-operative, is an update on our January report, Shale gas

Matthews, Adrian

413

ePOWER Seminar AC solar cells: A new breed of PV power generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ePOWER Seminar AC solar cells: A new breed of PV power generation Professor Faisal Khan Assistant will provide a guideline for solar cell designers to fabricate various discrete components in a power converter-junction solar cells. Prof. Khan is the founder of the Power Engineering and Automation Research Lab (PEARL

Ellis, Randy

414

Lurching towards markets for power: China's electricity policy 19852007 Xiaoli Zhao a,c,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

network. China's coal mines are concentrated in West re- gions, while electric power load center improvement, and electricity demand forecasting. Econ Res J 2003;5:57­65 [in Chinese]. [14] Thomson ElspethLurching towards markets for power: China's electricity policy 1985­2007 Xiaoli Zhao a,c, , Thomas

Lyon, Thomas P.

415

http:// discovery.ucl.ac.uk How to deposit in simple steps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.ucl.ac.uk/silva/isd/staff/adminsystems/documentation#rps for more details. Where fields have a blue and white cross, details should be added and the cross clicked Composition Conference presentation Dataset Design Digital resource Discussion paper Exhibition Journal (full/ special) Lecture Pamphlet Patent Performance Poster Proceeding paper Report Scholarly edition Software

Guillas, Serge

416

Contract Number: DE-AC05-76RL01830 Modification M881  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that in consideration of the extension of Contract No. DE- AC05-76RL01830 (hereinafter referred to as "the PNNL Prime, Appendix H of the PNNL Prime Contract (hereinafter referred to as "the Facilities") and the right of the Facilities shall include any use authorized under the PNNL Prime Contract, or as otherwise agreed

417

AC Losses in the MICE Channel Magnets -- Is This a Curse or a Blessing?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the focusing magnet; Q ACF = Q ACC j caF ?B F d fF V F t?B C d fC V C t chF where Q ACF is the average AC loss for

Green, M.A.; Wu, H.; Wang, L.; Kai, L.L.; Jia, L.X.; Yang, S.Q.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

AIRBORNE RESEARCH & SURVEY FACILITY (ARSF) http://arsf.nerc.ac.uk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

instruments can be made available for special applications: Large-format RC-10 aerial survey cameraAIRBORNE RESEARCH & SURVEY FACILITY (ARSF) http://arsf.nerc.ac.uk ANNOUNCEMENT OF OPPORTUNITY 2009 OCTOBER 2008 The Airborne Research & Survey Facility (ARSF) invites direct access applications for UK

419

NERC AIRBORNE RESEARCH & SURVEY FACILITY (ARSF) http://www.nerc.ac.uk/arsf/home.htm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-12 microns, 320 spatial pixels) Large-format RC-10 aerial survey camera, with images being suppliedNERC AIRBORNE RESEARCH & SURVEY FACILITY (ARSF) http://www.nerc.ac.uk/arsf/home.htm SPECIAL OF PROPOSALS: FRIDAY 9 OCTOBER 2009 The Airborne Research & Survey Facility (ARSF) invites applications

420

AC Electrokinetic separation and detection of nanoparticles and DNA nanoparticulates under high conductance conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to 10,000Hz range and 10 volts peak-to-peak, the separation1000Hz to 10,000Hz, at 10 volts peak to peak (pk- pk). Theperformed at 10 kHz AC at 10 volts peak to peak (pk-pk). The

Krishnan, Rajaram

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie : Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 1: Environmental Analysis.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is considering action in two areas: (1) non-Federal access to the AC Intertie, and, (2) BPA Intertie marketing. BPA`s preferred alternative for non-Federal access is the Capacity Ownership alternative combined with the Increased Assured Delivery -- Access for Non-Scheduling Utilities alternative; the preferred alternative for BPA Intertie marketing is the Federal Marketing and Joint Ventures alternative. BPA considered these two areas previously in its Intertie Development and Use EIS of April 1988. The EIS resulted in BPA decisions to participate in the construction of the Third AC Intertie, to allow non-Federal access to BPA`s share of the Pacific Northwest-Pacific Southwest (PNW-PSW) Intertie (AC and DC lines) pursuant to a Long-Term Intertie Access Policy (LTIAP), and to pursue BPA`s export marketing alternative. The decision on allowing direct financial non-Federal participation in the Third AC line was deferred to a later, separate process, examined here. Also, BPA`s export marketing objectives must now be examined in view of changed operations of Columbia River hydro facilities for improved fish survival.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

In-situ remediation system for groundwater and soils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a system for in-situ remediation of contaminated groundwater and soil. In particular the present invention relates to stabilizing toxic metals in groundwater and soil. The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC09-89SR18035 between the US Department of Energy and Westinghouse Savannah River Company.

Corey, J.C.; Kaback, D.S.; Looney, B.B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Electricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration Distributed Energy Publications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consulting Services, LLC; Brett Oakleaf, Xcel Energy; Kenneth Wolf, Minnesota Public Utilities CommissionElectricity, Resources, & Building Systems Integration Center Distributed Energy Publications 2005 for a single phase high frequency AC microgrid, S. Chakraborty, M.D. Weiss and M.G. Simoes, IEEE Transaction

424

Flow monitoring and control system for injection wells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a system for monitoring and controlling the rate of fluid flow from an injection well used for in-situ remediation of contaminated groundwater. The United States Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC09-89SR18035 between the US Department of Energy and Westinghouse Savannah River Company.

Corey, J.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

IR System Evaluation Why do we perform evaluation?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fallout = b / (b+d) = F Generality = (a+c) / (a+ b + c +d) = G GR/[GR+(1-G)F] = [(a+c)/(a+ b + c +d precision after having retrieved v ranks Fv fallout after having retrieved v ranks Commonly used measure .167 R .5 .75 1 Rnorm Interpretation: How much better is the system compared to worst case (Fallout

Raghavan, Vijay

426

MERCURY HANDLING FOR THE TARGET SYSTEM FOR A MUON COLLIDER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cryostat 1. Remote handling The high radiation levels and presence of hazardous, ac- tivated mercury vaporsMERCURY HANDLING FOR THE TARGET SYSTEM FOR A MUON COLLIDER Van Graves , ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 placement within the Shielding Module in a remote environment. · Providing double containment of the mercury

McDonald, Kirk

427

EBR-II argon cooling system restricted fuel handling I and C upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The instrumentation and control of the Argon Cooling System (ACS) restricted fuel handling control system at Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) is being upgraded from a system comprised of many discrete components and controllers to a computerized system with a graphical user interface (GUI). This paper describes the aspects of the upgrade including reasons for the upgrade, the old control system, upgrade goals, design decisions, philosophies and rationale, and the new control system hardware and software.

Start, S.E.; Carlson, R.B.; Gehrman, R.L. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Engineering Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to study the effect of incorporating HVDC's into monitoring and power system analysis. Power system analysis, including load flow and stability studies, and monitoring defines a complete cycle of the impact of HVDC in a power system network. Load flow calculates the bus voltage magnitude, phase angle, active and reactive power flows based on loads and generations that are already specified. In this regard, our work presents a better way of solving AC - DC load flow equations. In our work, the active and reactive power consumptions of the HVDC link are treated as a function of AC bus voltages and some specified DC parameters. It is then easier to combine the DC part with the AC system. Traditional methods in this regard may encounter convergence problems. We expect that the method used in our work does not encounter convergence problems and is easier to implement. Whereas load flow gives us the solution for bus voltage magnitudes and angles based on certain specified loads and generations, state estimation obtains an estimate of the bus voltage magnitudes and angles based on actual measurements. A state estimator also checks consistency of instrumentation data. In our work with the state estimation, we have presented a new method to design the measurement set of an AC - DC system and explained the choice of the state variables used. The state variables and the measurement set chosen are then used to estimate the state of an AC - DC system. To complete the cycle of the effects of inclusion of a HVDC line in an AC system, we study the impact of HVDC on power system stability in the case of a fault. It should be noted that the power flow through a HVDC link is highly controllable. Accordingly, we can expect the HVDC to improve system stability if it is controlled intelligently. However, if the control measure is not properly designed, HVDC can be detrimental to the system stability. A case has been studied where the HVDC tends to make the system unstable if the setting of the line is not changed during and after a fault. We then propose a control mechanism to strengthen the system stability. Two types of controllers, namely proportional control and proportional - integral control have been studied and compared. Also we have shown their effects on the system stability.

Krishnaswamy, Vikram

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Data:3fe79d8a-48c0-4a44-ae8b-d9963379a9ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9d8a-48c0-4a44-ae8b-d9963379a9ac 9d8a-48c0-4a44-ae8b-d9963379a9ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: STANDBY SERVICE RIDER RIDER SS-Schedule F Sector: Description: APPLICABILITY: This experimental rider is applicable to the first five members in conjunction with the Cooperative's General Service and Large Power rate schedules for members having another source of electrical power, not held solely for emergency use or peak-shaving purposes, and are requiring the Cooperative to provide standby service. The Cooperative, based upon the capacity of the electrical system in the area, shall determine if standby service is available. Members requesting service under this rider must contract with the Cooperative for the maximum kW that the Cooperative is to supply, not to exceed 1,000 kW. Standby service for greater than 1,000 kW will be handled on an individual basis.

430

Data:Ec554b62-3b1a-4913-a7a0-16e580478ac6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

54b62-3b1a-4913-a7a0-16e580478ac6 54b62-3b1a-4913-a7a0-16e580478ac6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Omaha Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CONSUMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING Metal Halide 250 Sector: Lighting Description: CONSUMER OWNED SYSTEM OPERATED BY DISTRICT Source or reference: http://ww3.oppd.com/rates/OppdRateManual.pdf#nameddest=110 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

431

Data:13c73c0d-d4db-487b-9feb-894ac0577de6 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c0d-d4db-487b-9feb-894ac0577de6 c0d-d4db-487b-9feb-894ac0577de6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Wisconsin Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CUSTOMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING 250 W SV Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Available for year-round illumination of public streets, parkways, and highways by electric lamps mounted on standards where the customer owns and maintains an Ornamental Street Lighting system complete with standards, luminaires with refractors, lamps and other appurtenances, together with all necessary cables extending between standards and to points of connection to Company's facilities as designated by Company. Mercury Vapor street lighting service under this schedule is limited to the luminaires being served as of December 31, 1987.

432

Data:A2ff941d-4678-4908-992b-bbf59574ac4b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ff941d-4678-4908-992b-bbf59574ac4b ff941d-4678-4908-992b-bbf59574ac4b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Idaho Power Co Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 45 - Standby Service (Transmission) Sector: Industrial Description: Standby Service under this schedule is available at points on the Company's interconnected system within the State of Idaho where existing facilities of adequate capacity and desired phase and voltage are available. If additional distribution facilities are required to supply the desired service, those facilities provided for under Rule H will be provided under the terms and conditions of that rule. To the extent that additional facilities not provided for under Rule H, including transmission and/or substation facilities, are required to provide the requested service, special arrangements will be made in a separate agreement between the Customer and the Company.

433

Data:27456286-5f58-46ac-a92c-fb0afbd2295e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

286-5f58-46ac-a92c-fb0afbd2295e 286-5f58-46ac-a92c-fb0afbd2295e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Seville Board of Public Affairs Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Rate 03 Sector: Commercial Description: This rate shall be available for all customers of the Village. No individual motors larger than 5 HP shall be served through this service without special permission of the Utility and may require reduced voltage starting. All electrical equipment installed and/or operated under this electric service rate shall be of an approved design, operated and controlled so as to not cause electrical disturbances on the utility's system or to be detrimental to the service furnished other consumers of the utility. If the above requirements are not complied with, service will be subject to disconnection.

434

Data:166ef4ac-a95b-4b0a-a9cc-a84d89909599 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ef4ac-a95b-4b0a-a9cc-a84d89909599 ef4ac-a95b-4b0a-a9cc-a84d89909599 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Entergy Louisiana Inc Effective date: 2006/01/31 End date if known: Rate name: Business Schedule GS - 1W (Rider UMS-5) (transmission < 230kV voltage) Sector: Commercial Description: This rider is applicable to electric service required by Customers who contract for unmetered electric service under Schedule GS to billboards, unmetered telephone services, telephone booths, railroad signals, cathodic units, traffic cameras or for community antenna systems' pole mounted power supplies, amplifiers, and related incidental equipment, hereinafter referred to as equipment, or other such equipment where metering is not feasible or economical.

435

Data:Ddb84f72-e1ac-4a6e-9042-f1c8b15d31d8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ddb84f72-e1ac-4a6e-9042-f1c8b15d31d8 Ddb84f72-e1ac-4a6e-9042-f1c8b15d31d8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: MidAmerican Energy Co Effective date: 2010/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service, Electric Heat - Energy Only Metering - Price Schedule GEN Sector: Commercial Description: Available In the Company's Iowa electric service area (North System only). Source or reference: http://www.midamericanenergy.com/include/pdf/rates/elecrates/iaelectric/ia-elec.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh):

436

Data:0d7472b7-002f-42c7-a135-0ac234680698 | Open Energy Information  

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002f-42c7-a135-0ac234680698 002f-42c7-a135-0ac234680698 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: AL - 250 watt MH - Cutoff Sector: Commercial Description: Availability This rate schedule is no longer available after September 1, 2004. Potential lighting customers wanting a lighting system installed and maintained by Company can do so via the Outdoor Lighting Equipment agreement (OLE). Potential customers should contact a Company account representative for further information concerning OLE options. This rate schedule terminates May 1, 2014. Customers currently being provided service under this rate schedule can continue being provided service under this rate schedule until their contract expires or this rate schedule terminates, whichever occurs first.

437

Data:C36ae48c-0a4b-4438-9ac3-06a8bdac2654 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8c-0a4b-4438-9ac3-06a8bdac2654 8c-0a4b-4438-9ac3-06a8bdac2654 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mississippi Power Co Effective date: 2007/12/04 End date if known: Rate name: RATE SCHEDULE "CSPP-3" (SP) Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable for any customer who has installed an electric generating facility of 100 kW capacity or less solely for his own use and desires a permanent electrical connection with the Company's system in order to sell electrical energy to the Company and to secure supplementary service from the Company. The electric generating facility must be a qualified facility (QF) under provisions of Sections 201 and 210 of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978, or as amended.

438

Data:394b5310-5f1a-4088-a7cd-2e9c0cc428ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b5310-5f1a-4088-a7cd-2e9c0cc428ac b5310-5f1a-4088-a7cd-2e9c0cc428ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Louisville Electric System Effective date: 2012/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: Seasonal Demand up to 25,000 kW Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

439

Data:02f0ca7a-c02a-4a9c-b287-aa0df29bcd6c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ca7a-c02a-4a9c-b287-aa0df29bcd6c ca7a-c02a-4a9c-b287-aa0df29bcd6c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: AL - 250 watt HPS - Post Top Sector: Lighting Description: Availability This rate schedule is no longer available after September 1, 2004. Potential lighting customers wanting a lighting system installed and maintained by Company can do so via the Outdoor Lighting Equipment agreement (OLE). Potential customers should contact a Company account representative for further information concerning OLE options. This rate schedule terminates May 1, 2014. Customers currently being provided service under this rate schedule can continue being provided service under this rate schedule until their contract expires or this rate schedule terminates, whichever occurs first.

440

Data:190527ac-ba62-45a3-b73c-18e3af3e103a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac-ba62-45a3-b73c-18e3af3e103a ac-ba62-45a3-b73c-18e3af3e103a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Co of NM Effective date: 2011/08/21 End date if known: Rate name: 20 Streetlights and Floodlights 9500 Lumen 100 Watt High Pressure Sodium Streetlight Company Owned Underground Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable to street lighting and floodlighting systems and under contract with any municipal corporation or other political subdivision within the State of New Mexico. Available within the incorporated limits of cities and towns and adjacent territory served by the Company in its Albuquerque, Valencia, Sandoval, Clayton, Deming, Las Vegas, East Mountain, and Santa Fe Divisions and territory contiguous thereto.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Data:2b44c914-9d66-462f-ac10-eca6644f9c6a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4c914-9d66-462f-ac10-eca6644f9c6a 4c914-9d66-462f-ac10-eca6644f9c6a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wheat Belt Public Power Dist Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street and Security lights 175w Sector: Lighting Description: Qualifying Service Municipalities: For lighting service to public, town and/or city facilities, pursuant to the terms set forth in the Franchise Agreement. Customers: For lighting service to customer facilities where such services can be provided directly from the 12.5/7.2 or 24.9/14.4 kV distribution system. Production Cost Adjustments In the event that adjustments are made to the District's wholesale cost of power, charges or credits shall be made to this rate accordingly. Such charges or credits shall be billed separately as "Production Cost Adjustments." If changes are made to the wholesale supplier's power rate for the District, the District reserves the right to change this rate to reflect the wholesale supplier changes.

442

Data:37cb0e9c-9bea-4c15-a61f-a75290ac3f46 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e9c-9bea-4c15-a61f-a75290ac3f46 e9c-9bea-4c15-a61f-a75290ac3f46 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Indiana Michigan Power Co (Indiana) Effective date: 2012/04/30 End date if known: Rate name: Cogeneration and/or Small Power Production - TOD Sector: Industrial Description: Availability of Service. This schedule is available to customers with cogeneration and/or small power production (COGEN/SPP) facilities which qualify under Section 210 of the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 and have a total design capacity of 100 kW or less. Such facilities shall be designed to operate properly in parallel with the Company's system without adversely affecting the operation of equipment and services of the Company and its customers and without presenting safety hazards to the Company and customer personnel.

443

Data:A232a1be-8db0-4442-ac8d-8e5dfb776b52 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A232a1be-8db0-4442-ac8d-8e5dfb776b52 A232a1be-8db0-4442-ac8d-8e5dfb776b52 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Licking Rural Electric Inc Effective date: 2011/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: RESIDENTIAL SERVICE - TIME OF USE Sector: Residential Description: Available in territory served by the Cooperative where the AMI system is operational, in accordance with the Cooperative's Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY Applicable only for residential and farm use requiring 50 kVA or less transformer capacity, and for uses incidental thereto, supplied through one meter to each individual dwelling unit. The capacity of individual motors served under this schedule shall not exceed ten (10) horsepower, without the consent of the Cooperative. TYPE OF SERVICE Single-phase, 60 hertz, at available secondary voltages.

444

Data:F63123dd-1ac1-41a7-83c0-13fdfd2dc3f0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

123dd-1ac1-41a7-83c0-13fdfd2dc3f0 123dd-1ac1-41a7-83c0-13fdfd2dc3f0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Omaha Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CONSUMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING Metal Halide 100 Sector: Lighting Description: CONSUMER OWNED SYSTEM OPERATED BY DISTRICT Source or reference: http://ww3.oppd.com/rates/OppdRateManual.pdf#nameddest=110 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

445

Data:9e641af2-ec81-4833-a929-0480f63ec0ac | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

af2-ec81-4833-a929-0480f63ec0ac af2-ec81-4833-a929-0480f63ec0ac No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: AL - 400 watt MH - Cone Sector: Commercial Description: Availability This rate schedule is no longer available after September 1, 2004. Potential lighting customers wanting a lighting system installed and maintained by Company can do so via the Outdoor Lighting Equipment agreement (OLE). Potential customers should contact a Company account representative for further information concerning OLE options. This rate schedule terminates May 1, 2014. Customers currently being provided service under this rate schedule can continue being provided service under this rate schedule until their contract expires or this rate schedule terminates, whichever occurs first.

446

Data:0a4718ec-d36d-4135-90ac-89a8af83b8c4 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec-d36d-4135-90ac-89a8af83b8c4 ec-d36d-4135-90ac-89a8af83b8c4 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Duke Energy Indiana Inc Effective date: 2009/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: AL - 150 watt HPS - Cobra Sector: Lighting Description: Availability This rate schedule is no longer available after September 1, 2004. Potential lighting customers wanting a lighting system installed and maintained by Company can do so via the Outdoor Lighting Equipment agreement (OLE). Potential customers should contact a Company account representative for further information concerning OLE options. This rate schedule terminates May 1, 2014. Customers currently being provided service under this rate schedule can continue being provided service under this rate schedule until their contract expires or this rate schedule terminates, whichever occurs first.

447

Data:839426ec-1ac5-46a5-ae76-0a20c3057f9f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6ec-1ac5-46a5-ae76-0a20c3057f9f 6ec-1ac5-46a5-ae76-0a20c3057f9f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Turlock Irrigation District Effective date: 2009/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule NM Flat Rate Service-501 - 800 watts(Winter) Sector: Commercial Description: Applicability Applicable to small, constant, non-metered incidental loads for utilities, state agencies, and applicable special districts where the customer owns and maintains the equipment. Such loads would include:  Cathodic Protection Stations  Motor Radial Gates  Pressure Point Automatic Watering Systems  Traffic Counters  Flashing Beacons  Sign Illumination Winter(Dec-May): $ 37.56 per month Summer(Jun-Nov): $ 48.85 per month

448

Data:Cb2f25e4-0981-4599-a471-ac7e9a4f833c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f25e4-0981-4599-a471-ac7e9a4f833c f25e4-0981-4599-a471-ac7e9a4f833c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Austin Energy Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Large Primary Service - Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: * This rate is applicable to electric service required by any customer who receives service at 12,500 volts (nominal) or higher and whose demand for power meets or exceeds 3,000 kilowatts for any two months within the previous twelve months or as determined by the City of Austin. This rate is also available for buildings, parks, and other establishments owned and operated by the City of Austin that implement conservation and peak shaving technologies, such as thermal energy storage systems.

449

A Novel Inductor-less DC-AC Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel Boost Inverter for Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an inductorless cascaded H- bridge multilevel boost inverter for EV and HEV applications. Currently available power inverter systems for HEVs use a DC- DC boost converter to boost the battery voltage for a traditional 3-phase inverter. The present HEV traction drive inverters have low power density, are expensive, and have low efficiency because they need a bulky inductor. An inductorless cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter for EV and HEV applications is proposed in this paper. Traditionally, each H-bridge needs a DC power supply. The proposed inductorless cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter uses a standard 3-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series with each inverter leg which uses a capacitor as the DC power source. Fundamental switching scheme is used to do modulation control and to produce a 5-level phase voltage. Experiments show that the proposed inductorless DC-AC cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter can output a boosted AC voltage.

Du, Zhong [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Data:C50f8809-82ac-4c06-9b39-817db7c817ea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09-82ac-4c06-9b39-817db7c817ea 09-82ac-4c06-9b39-817db7c817ea No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Chelan County Effective date: 2008/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Underground Service (Schedules 10) Decorative Street Light Sector: Lighting Description: To underground service street lighting systems with all facilities supplied, installed, owned and maintained by the District. All underground service lighting is paid for by the customer at the time of installation. The amount of any tax levied by any city or town in accordance with R.C.W. 54.28.070, of the laws of the State of Washington, will be added to the above charges for electricity sold within the limits of any such city or town.

451

Data:018673f0-093a-4a53-869d-3ac77d260efb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3f0-093a-4a53-869d-3ac77d260efb 3f0-093a-4a53-869d-3ac77d260efb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: KEM Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Irrigation Controlled Service-2 Sector: Commercial Description: Available to all members who require single or multi-phase electric service and are using irrigation systems or water pumps to be used to irrigate agricultural crops. Service shall be to a single point of service. Type of Service Single or Three-phase, 60 cycles, at secondary voltages. The Cooperative will provide meter, meter socket, C.T. equipment, and load management necessary to measure and interrupt electric usage. Facility Charge Explanation

452

Data:De7ac964-95f6-4e95-8dba-d55a0f741872 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ac964-95f6-4e95-8dba-d55a0f741872 ac964-95f6-4e95-8dba-d55a0f741872 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Modesto Irrigation District Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule FL Flat Rate Service-In Excess of 50% Load Factor 601 - 800 Watt Sector: Commercial Description: Applicability This Schedule is applicable to small, constant, non-metered incidental loads for utilities, communication agencies, state agencies, and applicable special districts where the customer owns and maintains the equipment. The customer must supply equipment wattage to the District. Such loads would include: Cathodic Protection Stations Motor Radial Gates Pressure Point Automatic Watering Systems Flashing Beacons Sign Illumination Communication Power Booster Devices Monthly Usage: 460kWh

453

Distributed Energy Storage Systems Testing and Evaluation 2010 Interim Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed Energy Storage Systems (DESS) are fully integrated AC storage devices which can be located within the distribution system, at substation locations, off distribution feeders, near end-of-line pad mounted transformers, or on customer side of the meter locations. Many new and emerging storage systems are being developed for grid support, outage mitigation, power quality and peak load energy management. However there is limited operational data on performance, grid comparability, durability, reli...

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

Optimal design of mixed AC-DC distribution systems for commercial buildings.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With the advent of inexpensive computing and efficient power electronics, the load mix in commercial buildings has experienced a fundamental shift away from almost exclusively (more)

Frank, Stephen M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Application Research of AC Frequency Conversion Technique in Transmission Control System of Oil Rig  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper mainly introduced the basic structure and work principle of transmission agent on electric drilling rig, meanwhile the frequency control and parallel operation of motors used in the transmission agent were analyzed and designed. Using parallel ... Keywords: Rig, Transmission, Frequency control, Parallel Operation Control

Ruifan Yang; Yong Peng

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Demodulation circuit for AC motor current spectral analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A motor current analysis method for the remote, noninvasive inspection of electric motor-operated systems. Synchronous amplitude demodulation and phase demodulation circuits are used singly and in combination along with a frequency analyzer to produce improved spectral analysis of load-induced frequencies present in the electric current flowing in a motor-driven system.

Hendrix, Donald E. (Oak Ridge, TN); Smith, Stephen F. (Knoxville, TN)

1990-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

457

Technology Transfer Office University of Reading, Blandford Lodge, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AH Tel: +44 (0)118 935 7100 Email: techtransfer@reading.ac.uk www.reading.ac.uk/working-with-business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tel: +44 (0)118 935 7100 Email: techtransfer@reading.ac.uk www of Reading, Blandford Lodge, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AH Tel: +44 (0)118 935 7100 Email: techtransfer

Reading, University of

458

Using Energy Information Systems (EIS): A Guidebook for the U.S. Postal Service  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-54862 Using Energy Information Systems (EIS): A Guidebook for the U.S. Postal Service Dale, Federal Energy Management Program, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098 Energy Information Systems (EIS): A Guidebook for the U.S. Postal Service Prepared for United States

459

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System in Hybrid Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Reconfiguration of Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting System in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Yanzhi, xuelin, pedram}@usc.edu, 2 {naehyuck}@elpl.snu.ac.kr ABSTRACT Photovoltaic (PV) energy harvesting system is a promising energy source for battery replenishment in hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs.) The PV cell array

Pedram, Massoud

460

1999 Toyota RAV 4 EV NiMH Charging Systems Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The testing discussed in this report seeks to provide information needed for evaluating energy consumption and charging impacts of various types of Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) EV charging systems. The report addresses these questions by studying the AC power quality and demand impact of three charging systems. All there were used with the Toyota RAV4 EV inductive and conductive versions.

1999-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "alternating-current ac system" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Environments for Remote Teaching in Embedded Systems Courses Christian Trodhandl Thomas Handl Markus Proske Bettina Weiss  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environments for Remote Teaching in Embedded Systems Courses Christian Tr¨odhandl Thomas Handl points for discussion at the workshop: How to handle remote access? In a distance lab with a limited/2, 1040 Vienna, Austria {troedhandl,handl,proske,bw}@ecs.tuwien.ac.at 1 Introduction Embedded systems lab

462

Stability boundary analysis of the dynamic voltage restorer in weak systems with dynamic loads  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this contribution, a stability analysis for a dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) connected to a weak ac system containing a dynamic load is presented using continuation techniques and bifurcation theory. The system dynamics are explored through the continuation ... Keywords: DVR, Floquet multiplier, active filter, continuation techniques, iterative map, point common coupling, power converter, stability regions, switching process

Juan Segundo-Ramrez; Aurelio Medina; Arindam Ghosh; Gerard Ledwich

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Intelligent Residential Air-Conditioning System with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Intelligent Residential Air-Conditioning System with Smart-Grid Functionality Auswin George residential air-conditioning (A/C) system controller that has smart grid functionality. The qualifier, conditional on anticipated retail energy prices. The term "smart- grid functionality" means that retail energy

Tesfatsion, Leigh

464

Comparative Study Between Air-Cooled and Water-Cooled Condensers of the Air-Conditioning Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The weather in Kuwait is very dry where the dry-bulb temperature exceeds the wet-bulb temperature more than 20oC in most of the summer months. Thus, the air-conditioning (A/C) system with the water-cooled (WC) condensers is expected to perform more efficiently than with the air-cooled (AC) condensers. This fact was behind the idea of a field study conducted in one of the major hospital in Kuwait during a summer season to investigate the performance of WC and AC systems in terms of peak power and energy consumptions. The cooling capacities for WC and AC systems were 373 and 278 tons-of- refrigeration, respectively. It was found that for the same cooling production, the peak power demand and the daily energy consumption of the WC system were 45 and 32% less than that of the AC system, respectively. The maximum reduction in the power demand coincided with the peak power demand period of the utilities i.e. between 14:00 and 17:00 hr, thereby offering a maximum advantage of peak power saving.

Maheshwari, G. P.; Mulla Ali, A. A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

BWXT/B&W Pantex Contract No. DE-AC04-00AL66620 FY BUDGET  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

BWXTB&W Pantex Contract No. DE-AC04-00AL66620 FY BUDGET (LAB TABLE) ESTIMATED COST AWARD FEE AVAILABLE WFO FEE AVAILABLE (Estimated) AVAILABLE FEE FROM OTHER REIMBURSABLE WORK...

466

1 ??e ?ommittee on !#ect)onic 2n4o)mation an9 ?ommAC ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

helped emphasize that we are a small part of a much larger world. In particular ... See http : //www . maths . qmw . ac . uk/ wilfrid/copyrightdoc . pdf . 3. The CEIC...

467

A test platform for measuring the energy efficiency of AC induction motors under various loading conditions and control schemes/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A test platform was developed to measure and compare the energy efficiency of an AC induction motor under steady-state and cyclical loading conditions while operating in both a constant speed mode and while performing speed ...

Granata, John A. (John Anthony)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

National Fuel Cell Bus Program: Accelerated Testing Evaluation Report and Appendices, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is an evaluation of hydrogen fuel cell transit buses operating at AC Transit in revenue service since March 20, 2006 compared to similar diesel buses operating from the same depot. This evaluation report includes results from November 2007 through October 2008. Evaluation results include implementation experience, fueling station operation, fuel cell bus operations at Golden Gate Transit, and evaluation results at AC Transit (bus usage, availability, fuel economy, maintenance costs, and roadcalls).

Chandler, K.; Eudy, L.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Systems and methods for reducing transient voltage spikes in matrix converters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems and methods are provided for delivering energy using an energy conversion module that includes one or more switching elements. An exemplary electrical system comprises a DC interface, an AC interface, an isolation module, a first conversion module between the DC interface and the isolation module, and a second conversion module between the AC interface and the isolation module. A control module is configured to operate the first conversion module to provide an injection current to the second conversion module to reduce a magnitude of a current through a switching element of the second conversion module before opening the switching element.

Kajouke, Lateef A.; Perisic, Milun; Ransom, Ray M.

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

470

Verification/acceptance test plan/procedure for Acromag calibration system  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to describe and document the test of the Acromag calibration system software. The purpose of this test is to verify that the Acromag Calibration System (ACS) will reliably test the Acromag thermocouple (TC) type input modules and provide a file showing the temperatures at which the modules are tested, the response rom the Acromag station, instrument data, technician data, and date and time of the test. The ACS consists of a thermocouple calibration unit (TCU), a DOS based computer, a hand held resistance temperature detector (RTD) surface probe and connects to a field installed or a bench Acromag unit.

Fordham, C.R.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Data:C19e6de5-22ac-44c3-a62f-1e08e5070be5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e6de5-22ac-44c3-a62f-1e08e5070be5 e6de5-22ac-44c3-a62f-1e08e5070be5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Tipmont Rural Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2010/01/22 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL: 175W Mercury Vapor Flood Overhead service(metered) Sector: Lighting Description: 1. AVAILABILITY Available for overhead street lighting in the towns of Battle Ground, Linden, New Richmond, Wingate, and Romney, in accordance with contracts which may be signed by each municipality or by the sponsoring organization. 2. CHARACTER OF SERVICE Tipmont Rural Electric Membership Corporation (REMC) will furnish all necessary equipment to operate and maintain an overhead street lighting system in conjunction with and as a part of its general overhead electric distribution system, and the REMC will furnish all electric power required for the purpose of furnishing overhead street lighting service to the member. The municipalities shall pay all installation, labor and material of additional poles and conductor required to extend existing lines to the proposed street light locations. The lighting hours for the said overhead street lighting system shall be on a "dusk to dawn" schedule, which provides that lamps are to be lighted approximately one-half hour after sunset until approximately one-half hour before sunrise each day in the year.

472

Power Systems Integration Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the purpose, lab specifications, applications scenarios, and information on how to partner with NREL's Power Systems Integration Laboratory at the Energy Systems Integration Facility. At NREL's Power Systems Integration Laboratory in the Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF), research focuses on developing and testing large-scale distributed energy systems for grid-connected, stand-alone, and microgrid applications. The laboratory can accommodate large power system components such as inverters for photovoltaic (PV) and wind systems, diesel and natural gas generators, battery packs, microgrid interconnection switchgear, and vehicles. Closely coupled with the research electrical distribution bus at the ESIF, the Power Systems Integration Laboratory will offer power testing capability of megawatt-scale DC and AC power systems, as well as advanced hardware-in-the-loop and model-in-the-loop simulation capabilities. Thermal heating and cooling loops and fuel also allow testing of combined heating/cooling and power systems (CHP).

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

DOE-HDBK-1011/2-92 | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-92 DOE-HDBK-10112-92 January 29, 1996 DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Electrical Science, Volume 2 of 4 Reaffirmed 1999 The handbook includes information on alternating current (AC)...

474

Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP) Contract No. DE-AC05-810R20722  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

'^ l '"17 '^ l '"17 ^' ~/t~ >7~ 6~'1 ~DOE/OR/20722-18 Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP) Contract No. DE-AC05-810R20722 NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT Calendar Year 1983 July 1984 Bechtel National, Inc. Advanced Technology Division DOE/OR/20722-18 NIAGARA FALLS STORAGE SITE ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT CALENDAR YEAR 1983 July 1984 Prepared for U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OAK RIDGE OPERATIONS OFFICE Under Contract No. DE-AC05-810R20722 By Bechtel National, Inc. Advanced Technology Division Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 Bechtel Job No. 14501 *4:F~~~~ ^ABSTRACT During 1983, an environmental monitoring program was continued at the Niagara Falls Storage Site, a United States Department of Energy (DOE) surplus facility located in Niagara County, New York presently

475

Data:82669655-9455-4500-a883-ac345410ec12 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9455-4500-a883-ac345410ec12 9455-4500-a883-ac345410ec12 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delmarva Power Effective date: 2013/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: OL "HPS" 50 Watt (Enclosed) (Existing) 21 kW Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.delmarva.com/_res/documents/DEMasterTariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

476

Data:B2147800-fbad-4023-ac70-a3191135d085 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7800-fbad-4023-ac70-a3191135d085 7800-fbad-4023-ac70-a3191135d085 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Stafford, Kansas (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: E9 - 9 Horsepower Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Rates%20Collected/Attachments/627/rate%20information%20for%20Stafford.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

477

acs_cm_cm-2009-03769q 1..3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pubs.acs.org/cm pubs.acs.org/cm Published on Web 02/16/2010 r 2010 American Chemical Society Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 1943-1945 1943 DOI:10.1021/cm903769q Universal and Solution-Processable Precursor to Bismuth Chalcogenide Thermoelectrics Robert Y. Wang, † Joseph P. Feser, ‡ Xun Gu, § Kin Man Yu, † Rachel A. Segalman, †,§ Arun Majumdar, †,‡ Delia J. Milliron,* ,† and Jeffrey J. Urban* ,† † Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720, ‡ Department of Mechanical Engineering, and § Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 Received December 15, 2009 Revised Manuscript Received February 7, 2010 Thermoelectric materials convert thermal power into electrical power and vice versa. In practice, thermoelectric coolers and power generators are made by alternately

478

ac electric-field-induced resonant energy transfer between cold Rydberg atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An oscillating electric field at 1.356 GHz was used to promote the resonant energy transfer process: $43d_{5/2}+43d_{5/2} \\to 45p_{3/2}+41f$ between translationally cold $^{85}$Rb Rydberg atoms. The ac Stark shifts due to this dressing field created degeneracies between the initial and final two-atom states of this process. The ac field strength was scanned to collect spectra which are analogous to dc electric-field-induced resonant energy transfer spectra. Different resonances were observed for different magnetic sublevels involved in the process. Compared to earlier work performed at higher frequencies, the choice of dressing frequency and structure of the spectra may be intuitively understood, by analogy with the dc field case.

Petrus, J A; Martin, J D D; 10.1088/0953-4075/41/24/245001

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Dirty, Skewed, and Backwards: The Smectic $A$-$C$ Phase Transition in Aerogel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the smectic AC transition in anisotropic and uniaxial disordered environments, e.g., aerogel with an external field. We find very strange behavior of translational correlations: the low-temperature, lower-symmetry Smectic C phase is itless translationally ordered than the it high-temperature, higher-symmetry Smectic A phase, with short-ranged and algebraic translational correlations, respectively. Specifically, the A and C phase belong to the quasi-long-ranged translationally ordered " XY Bragg glass '' and short-ranged translationally ordered " m=1 Bragg glass '' phase, respectively. The AC phase transition itself belongs to a new universality class, whose fixed points and exponents we find in a d=5-epsilon expansion.

Leiming Chen; John Toner

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

480

Preliminary study of AC power feeders for AGS booster  

SciTech Connect

It has been proposed that the AGS Heavy Ion/Proton Booster be excited directly from the electric power distribution system without intervening an energy storage buffer such as an MG set or a magnetic energy buffer. The average power requirement of the AGS Booster is less than many single-loads presently housed on the lab site. However, the power swing will be the largest single pulsating load on the lab site. The large power swings will impact on the power grid producing utility-line disturbances such as voltage fluctuations and harmonic generation. Thus, it is necessary to carefully evaluate the quality of the electric power system resulting from the interconnection, such that the utility system is not degraded either on the lab site or at LILCO's substation.

Meth, M.

1992-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

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481

Preliminary study of AC power feeders for AGS booster  

SciTech Connect

It has been proposed that the AGS Heavy Ion/Proton Booster be excited directly from the electric power distribution system without intervening an energy storage buffer such as an MG set or a magnetic energy buffer. The average power requirement of the AGS Booster is less than many single-loads presently housed on the lab site. However, the power swing will be the largest single pulsating load on the lab site. The large power swings will impact on the power grid producing utility-line disturbances such as voltage fluctuations and harmonic generation. Thus, it is necessary to carefully evaluate the quality of the electric power system resulting from the interconnection, such that the utility system is not degraded either on the lab site or at LILCO`s substation.

Meth, M.

1992-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Future of Fusion Jiangang Li (j_li@ipp.ac.cn)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: 5,2kW JP: 6.3kW China:1.5kW (growing 10% /y) India: 0.7kW Bangladesh: 210 Watts RenewableThe Future of Fusion Jiangang Li (j_li@ipp.ac.cn) Institute of Plasma Physics, CAS, Hefei, China 38MillionTCE Coal Oil Gas Nuclear Renewable 16.13 Billion TCE 29.01 Billion TCE 2005--2050average annual

483

Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie : Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 2: Appendices.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document contains the appendices for the Non-Federal Participation in AC Intertie Final Environmental Impact Statement. It contains all the supporting materials, documents and data for the EIS in nine appendices: A. Life-of-facilities capacity ownership proposal; B. Long-term Intertie access policy; C. Glossary; D. Biological assessment and supporting materials; E. Environmental impacts of generic resource types; F. Technical information on analysis methods and results; G. Affected environment supporting documentation; H. Public involvement activities; and I. Bibliography.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRGWORKINGPAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and develop a fleet of CANDU-6 natural uranium fuelled heavy water cooled and moderated reactors at Cernavoda in the south-east of the country roughly 50km from the Black Sea port of Constana. The choice of CANDU-6 that the CANDU-6 nuclear power system does not require enriched fuel and so enrichment activities do not form

Aickelin, Uwe

485

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C September 20, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Part of my research led me to understand how ceiling fans are considered the most effective fans compared among table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls because they effectively circulate the air in a room to create a draft throughout the room.

486

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C Turning on the Fan and Turning off the A/C September 20, 2010 - 3:00pm Addthis As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Chris Stewart Senior Communicator at DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory As part of some recent money- and energy-savings improvements I've been making to my home, a couple of weeks ago I installed a ceiling fan in my main living room. Part of my research led me to understand how ceiling fans are considered the most effective fans compared among table fans, floor fans, and fans mounted to poles or walls because they effectively circulate the air in a room to create a draft throughout the room.

487

Single and three-phase AC losses in HTS superconducting power transmission line prototype cables  

SciTech Connect

AC losses in two, one-meter-long lengths of HTS prototype multi-strand conductors (PMC`s) are measured with a temperature-difference calorimeter. Both single-phase and three-phase losses are examined with ac currents up to 1,000 A rms. The calorimeter, designed specifically for these measurements, has a precision of 1 mW. PMC {number_sign}1 has two helically-wound, non-insulated layers of HTS tape (19 tapes per layer), each layer wrapped with opposite pitch. PMC {number_sign}2 is identical except for insulation between the layers. The measured ac losses show no significant effect of interlayer insulation and depend on about the third power of the current--a result in agreement with the Bean-Norr