National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for alpha excluding radon

  1. Automatically processed alpha-track radon monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Langner, G.H. Jr.

    1993-01-12

    An automatically processed alpha-track radon monitor is provided which includes a housing having an aperture allowing radon entry, and a filter that excludes the entry of radon daughters into the housing. A flexible track registration material is located within the housing that records alpha-particle emissions from the decay of radon and radon daughters inside the housing. The flexible track registration material is capable of being spliced such that the registration material from a plurality of monitors can be spliced into a single strip to facilitate automatic processing of the registration material from the plurality of monitors. A process for the automatic counting of radon registered by a radon monitor is also provided.

  2. Automatically processed alpha-track radon monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Langner, Jr., G. Harold (Mack, CO)

    1993-01-01

    An automatically processed alpha-track radon monitor is provided which includes a housing having an aperture allowing radon entry, and a filter that excludes the entry of radon daughters into the housing. A flexible track registration material is located within the housing that records alpha-particle emissions from the decay of radon and radon daughters inside the housing. The flexible track registration material is capable of being spliced such that the registration material from a plurality of monitors can be spliced into a single strip to facilitate automatic processing of the registration material from the plurality of monitors. A process for the automatic counting of radon registered by a radon monitor is also provided.

  3. A RESIDENTIAL RADON DAUGHTER MONITOR BASED ON ALPHA SPECTROSCOPY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazaroff, William W.

    2010-01-01

    Measurine Working Lev­ els of Radon Daughters in Residences,D.A. Holaday, of "Occurrence Radon and of Its Mixturesof the Tsivoglou Method for Radon Daughters in Air," Health

  4. ALPHA SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES FOR FIELD MEASUREMENT OF RADON DAUGHTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazaroff, M.W.

    2010-01-01

    ventilation with heat recovery for controlling radonand radon-daughter concentrations in residences, Lawrencealpha energy concentration of radon decay products, Lawrence

  5. MEASURING RADON SOURCE MAGNITUDE IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazaroff, W.W.

    2010-01-01

    Alpha Scintillation for Radon," Rev. Scl Instrum. 28, 680-H.F. , "Alpha Scintillation Radon Counting," in Workshop on1981, Study of Residential Radon A Survey Levels, Geomet

  6. A RAPID SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUE FOR DETERMINING THE POTENTIAL ALPHA ENERGY CONCENTRATION OF RADON DECAY PRODUCTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revzan, K.L.

    2013-01-01

    Comparison of the Attachment the Decay Products of Radon-220and Radon-222 to Monodispersed Aerosols,". :! _. Aerosol.Kusnetz H.L. , 1956, "Radon Daughters in Mine Atmosphers.

  7. Radon detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacArthur, D.W.; Allander, K.S.; Bounds, J.A.

    1994-01-25

    A detector for atmospheric radon using a long range alpha detector as its sensing element is described. An electrostatic filter removes ions from ambient air, while allowing radon atoms to pass into a decay cavity. Here, radon atoms are allowed to decay, creating air ions. These air ions are drawn by a fan through a second electrostatic filter which can be activated or deactivated, and into the long range alpha detector. With the second electrostatic filter activated, no air ions are allowed to pass, and the signal output from the long range alpha detector consists of only the electronic background. With the second electrostatic filter deactivated, air ions and cosmic rays will be detected. The cosmic ray contribution can be minimized by shielding. 3 figures.

  8. Radon detection

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacArthur, Duncan W. (Los Alamos, NM); Allander, Krag S. (Ojo Caliente, NM); Bounds, John A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1994-01-01

    A detector for atmospheric radon using a long range alpha detector as its sensing element. An electrostatic filter removes ions from ambient air, while allowing radon atoms to pass into a decay cavity. Here, radon atoms are allowed to decay, creating air ions. These air ions are drawn by a fan through a second electrostatic filter which can be activated or deactivated, and into the long range alpha detector. With the second electrostatic filter activated, no air ions are allowed to pass, and the signal output from the long range alpha detector consists of only the electronic background. With the second electrostatic filter deactivated, air ions and cosmic rays will be detected. The cosmic ray contribution can be minimized by shielding.

  9. I. Excluded Volume Effects in Ising Cluster Distributions and Nuclear Multifragmentation II. Multiple-Chance Effects in Alpha-Particle Evaporation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breus, Dimitry E.

    2005-05-16

    In Part 1, geometric clusters of the Ising model are studied as possible model clusters for nuclear multifragmentation. These clusters may not be considered as non-interacting (ideal gas) due to excluded volume effect which predominantly is the artifact of the cluster's finite size. Interaction significantly complicates the use of clusters in the analysis of thermodynamic systems. Stillinger's theory is used as a basis for the analysis, which within the RFL (Reiss, Frisch, Lebowitz) fluid-of-spheres approximation produces a prediction for cluster concentrations well obeyed by geometric clusters of the Ising model. If thermodynamic condition of phase coexistence is met, these concentrations can be incorporated into a differential equation procedure of moderate complexity to elucidate the liquid-vapor phase diagram of the system with cluster interaction included. The drawback of increased complexity is outweighted by the reward of greater accuracy of the phase diagram, as it is demonstrated by the Ising model. A novel nuclear-cluster analysis procedure is developed by modifying Fisher's model to contain cluster interaction and employing the differential equation procedure to obtain thermodynamic variables. With this procedure applied to geometric clusters, the guidelines are developed to look for excluded volume effect in nuclear multifragmentation. In part 2, an explanation is offered for the recently observed oscillations in the energy spectra of {alpha}-particles emitted from hot compound nuclei. Contrary to what was previously expected, the oscillations are assumed to be caused by the multiple-chance nature of {alpha}-evaporation. In a semi-empirical fashion this assumption is successfully confirmed by a technique of two-spectra decomposition which treats experimental {alpha}-spectra has having contributions from at least two independent emitters. Building upon the success of the multiple-chance explanation of the oscillations, Moretto's single-chance evaporation theory is augmented to include multiple-chance emission and tested on experimental data to yield positive results.

  10. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    Franklin. J. C. Uramuift mine radon control research, TRANS.technique for monitoring radon-222 and daughter products. Hintegrating environmental radon daughter monitor. HEALTH

  11. Improvement in understanding the deposition of ambient dust particles on ECAM (environmental continuous air monitor) filters, reduction of the alpha-particle interference of radon progeny and other radioactive aerosols in different particle size ranges on filters, and development of ECAMs with increased sensitivity under dusty outdoor conditions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schery, Stephen D., Wasiolek, Piotr; Rodgers, John

    1999-06-01

    Improvement in understanding the deposition of ambient dust particles on ECAM (environmental continuous air monitor) filters, reduction of the alpha-particle interference of radon progeny and other radioactive aerosols in different particle size ranges on filters, and development of ECAMs with increased sensitivity under dusty outdoor conditions.

  12. The relation of seismic activity and radon concentration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kulali, Feride E-mail: iskender@fef.sdu.edu.tr; Akkurt, ?skender E-mail: iskender@fef.sdu.edu.tr; Vogiannis, Efstratios

    2014-10-06

    Radon, which is the largest source of natural ionizing radiation, reaches to surface as gas or dissolved form in the ground water. Emanation of radon can has a profile is disposed to increasing or decreasing depending on the effects of meteorological events or crust movements. In this work, the radon concentration in soil gas, which is transported from soil to AlphaGUARD, is continuously measured in Mytilene (Greece). A graph of radon concentration is prepared for comparison with simultaneous earthquake data. As a consequence of comparison, we determined that the radon concentration indicates anomalies before the earthquakes.

  13. Absorbed dose in target cell nuclei and dose conversion coefficient of radon progeny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Absorbed dose in target cell nuclei and dose conversion coefficient of radon progeny in the human Abstract To calculate the absorbed dose in the human lung due to inhaled radon progeny, ICRP focussed and secretory cells). The absorbed energy for alpha particles emitted by radon progeny in the human respiratory

  14. The diffusion of Radon shape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panaretos, Victor M

    2006-01-01

    Helgason, S. (1980). The Radon transform. Birkh¨ user. a [7]V.M. (2006). Representation of Radon shape di?usions viainversion of stochastic Radon transforms. Unpublished

  15. Event counting alpha detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bolton, R.D.; MacArthur, D.W.

    1996-08-27

    An electrostatic detector is disclosed for atmospheric radon or other weak sources of alpha radiation. In one embodiment, nested enclosures are insulated from one another, open at the top, and have a high voltage pin inside and insulated from the inside enclosure. An electric field is produced between the pin and the inside enclosure. Air ions produced by collision with alpha particles inside the decay volume defined by the inside enclosure are attracted to the pin and the inner enclosure. With low alpha concentrations, individual alpha events can be measured to indicate the presence of radon or other alpha radiation. In another embodiment, an electrical field is produced between parallel plates which are insulated from a single decay cavity enclosure. 6 figs.

  16. Event counting alpha detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bolton, Richard D. (Los Alamos, NM); MacArthur, Duncan W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1996-01-01

    An electrostatic detector for atmospheric radon or other weak sources of alpha radiation. In one embodiment, nested enclosures are insulated from one another, open at the top, and have a high voltage pin inside and insulated from the inside enclosure. An electric field is produced between the pin and the inside enclosure. Air ions produced by collision with alpha particles inside the decay volume defined by the inside enclosure are attracted to the pin and the inner enclosure. With low alpha concentrations, individual alpha events can be measured to indicate the presence of radon or other alpha radiation. In another embodiment, an electrical field is produced between parallel plates which are insulated from a single decay cavity enclosure.

  17. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    radon progeny personnel dosimeter. HEALTH PHYS. 21(1): 126-study of the use of TSEE dosimeters in radon iwnit&rins. H AR. T. A working level dosimeter for uraniun miners. EH. -3S3

  18. Study of alpha background in a dark matter detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yegoryan, Hayk

    2010-01-01

    Alpha background, specifically from radon and its progeny in the uranium and thorium chains, has been a major issue in dark matter detectors. This work focuses on alpha background presence in the DMTPC experiment by examining ...

  19. Radon measurements at the FEMP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tomczak, L.M.; Daniels, R.D.; Dennis, C.; Glassey, H.G.; Lohner, W.G.; Ray, E.C.; Selasky, J.A.; Spitz, H.B.; Roush, K.

    1993-08-01

    Environmental radon monitoring activities at the DOE Fernald Environmental Management Project (FEMP) have been conducted extensively since the early 1980`s. Monitoring has been conducted at ambient concentration levels (< 1 pCi/L Rn-222), inside buildings, and at significantly elevated levels (hundreds of thousands pCi/L Rn-222) within the K-65 silo that store concentrated radium bearing wastes. The purpose of this paper/presentation is to present and discuss some of the difficulties encountered/solutions (e.g. reliability, detection limits, affects of environmental factors, data transfer, etc.) that have been discovered while taking measurements using both alpha track-etch passive integrating detectors and alpha scintillation real-time detectors. A short summary and conclusion section is provided following each topic presented.

  20. Home Safety: Radon Gas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Bryan W.; Denny, Monica L.

    1999-11-12

    Every home should be tested for radon, an invisible, odorless, radioactive gas that occurs naturally. This publication explains the health risks, testing methods, and mitigation and reduction techniques....

  1. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    NEPA National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorically Excluded Actions Categorical Exclusions (CX)...

  2. Studies on the Reduction of Radon Plate-Out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruemmer, M; Calkins, R; Cooley, J; Sekula, S

    2015-01-01

    The decay of common radioactive gases, such as radon, produces stable isotopes by a sequence of daughter particles with varied half-lives. These daughter particles are a significant source of gamma, neutron, and alpha particle backgrounds that can mimic desired signals in dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. In the LUMINA Laboratory at Southern Methodist University (SMU), studies of radon plate-out onto copper samples are conducted using one of XIA's first five UltraLo 1800 alpha counters. We present results from investigations into various mitigation approaches. A custom-built copper holder (in either plastic or metal) has been designed and produced to maximize the copper's exposure to 220Rn. The 220Rn source is a collection of camping lantern mantles. We present the current status of control and experimental methods for addressing radon exposure levels.

  3. Studies on the Reduction of Radon Plate-Out

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Bruemmer; M. Nakib; R. Calkins; J. Cooley; S. Sekula

    2015-06-12

    The decay of common radioactive gases, such as radon, produces stable isotopes by a sequence of daughter particles with varied half-lives. These daughter particles are a significant source of gamma, neutron, and alpha particle backgrounds that can mimic desired signals in dark matter and neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. In the LUMINA Laboratory at Southern Methodist University (SMU), studies of radon plate-out onto copper samples are conducted using one of XIA's first five UltraLo 1800 alpha counters. We present results from investigations into various mitigation approaches. A custom-built copper holder (in either plastic or metal) has been designed and produced to maximize the copper's exposure to 220Rn. The 220Rn source is a collection of camping lantern mantles. We present the current status of control and experimental methods for addressing radon exposure levels.

  4. Radon reduction and radon monitoring in the NEMO experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nachab, A. [Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, BP 120, Le Haut Vigneau, 33175 Gradignan Cedex (France)

    2007-03-28

    The first data of the NEMO 3 neutrinoless double beta decay experiment have shown that the radon can be a non negligible component of the background. In order to reduce the radon level in the gas mixture, it has been necessary first to cover the NEMO 3 detector with an airtight tent and then to install a radon-free air factory. With the use of sensitive radon detectors, the level of radon at the exit of the factory and inside the tent is continuously controlled. These radon levels are discussed within the NEMO 3 context.

  5. Residential radon and lung cancer incidence in a Danish cohort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braeuner, Elvira V., E-mail: ole@cancer.dk [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark); Danish Building Research Institute, Aalborg University (Denmark); Andersen, Claus E. [Center for Nuclear Technologies, Radiation Research Division, Riso National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde (Denmark)] [Center for Nuclear Technologies, Radiation Research Division, Riso National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde (Denmark); Sorensen, Mette [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark); Jovanovic Andersen, Zorana [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark) [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark); Center for Epidemiology Screening, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Gravesen, Peter [Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Copenhagen (Denmark); Ulbak, Kaare [National Institute of Radiation Protection, Herlev (Denmark)] [National Institute of Radiation Protection, Herlev (Denmark); Hertel, Ole [Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus (Denmark)] [Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Aarhus (Denmark); Pedersen, Camilla [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark); Overvad, Kim [Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus (Denmark)] [Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus (Denmark); Tjonneland, Anne; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark)] [Diet, Genes and Environment, Danish Cancer Society Research Centre, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2012-10-15

    High-level occupational radon exposure is an established risk factor for lung cancer. We assessed the long-term association between residential radon and lung cancer risk using a prospective Danish cohort using 57,053 persons recruited during 1993-1997. We followed each cohort member for cancer occurrence until 27 June 2006, identifying 589 lung cancer cases. We traced residential addresses from 1 January 1971 until 27 June 2006 and calculated radon at each of these addresses using information from central databases regarding geology and house construction. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for lung cancer risk associated with residential radon exposure with and without adjustment for sex, smoking variables, education, socio-economic status, occupation, body mass index, air pollution and consumption of fruit and alcohol. Potential effect modification by sex, traffic-related air pollution and environmental tobacco smoke was assessed. Median estimated radon was 35.8 Bq/m{sup 3}. The adjusted IRR for lung cancer was 1.04 (95% CI: 0.69-1.56) in association with a 100 Bq/m{sup 3} higher radon concentration and 1.67 (95% CI: 0.69-4.04) among non-smokers. We found no evidence of effect modification. We find a positive association between radon and lung cancer risk consistent with previous studies but the role of chance cannot be excluded as these associations were not statistically significant. Our results provide valuable information at the low-level radon dose range.

  6. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    of radon of the order of 1-5 pCi/Uter appears to te aof concentrations over 1 pCi/l. The monitor draus airusually low (approximately 0.1 pCi/liter) the experimental

  7. Radon in multi-story residential buildings. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mardis, H.M.; MacWaters, J.; Oswald, J.

    1991-12-01

    In September 1989, HUD signed an Interagency Agreement with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requesting EPA to measure radon levels and distribution patterns in several multi-story residential buildings. This study was conducted in two phases. The Phase 1 included walk-through investigations of each of the four test buildings. These preliminary investigations were focused on identifying site-specific characteristics that might influence radon entry and distribution. The results of these investigations were used to design and implement short-term screening measurements (diffusion barrier charcoal canisters) of each building's radon potential. Phase 2 consisted of long-term radon measurements with alpha track detectors (approximately 6 months) and investigations of the characteristics of each building. These measurements were made to address the possibility that long-term radon levels might be higher on upper floors than indicated by the short-term basement and ground-level screening tests. The report describes the investigations that were conducted, the data that were gathered for each building, and general observations and discussions about patterns of radon distribution in these specific buildings.

  8. Beta/alpha continuous air monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, Gregory K. (Idaho Falls, ID); Martz, Dowell E. (Grand Junction, CO)

    1989-01-01

    A single deep layer silicon detector in combination with a microcomputer, recording both alpha and beta activity and the energy of each pulse, distinguishing energy peaks using a novel curve fitting technique to reduce the natural alpha counts in the energy region where plutonium and other transuranic alpha emitters are present, and using a novel algorithm to strip out radon daughter contribution to actual beta counts.

  9. Beta/alpha continuous air monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becker, G.K.; Martz, D.E.

    1988-06-27

    A single deep layer silicon detector in combination with a microcomputer, recording both alpha and beta activity and the energy of each pulse, distinquishing energy peaks using a novel curve fitting technique to reduce the natural alpha counts in the energy region where plutonium and other transuranic alpha emitters are present, and using a novel algorithm to strip out radon daughter contribution to actual beta counts. 7 figs.

  10. COMPUTING EXCLUDED MINORS Isolde Adler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Isolde

    , · linklessly/knotlessly embeddable graphs · C, D minor ideals C D, C D minor ideals · C minor ideal Capex minor ideal Capex := {G | v V(G) such that G \\ v C} ISOLDE ADLER COMPUTING EXCLUDED MINORS 5/18 #12 graphs · C, D minor ideals C D, C D minor ideals · C minor ideal Capex minor ideal Capex := {G | v

  11. Radon: a bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lepman, S.R.; Boegel, M.L.; Hollowell, C.D.

    1981-01-01

    The Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, with the support of the Department of Energy, has developed a computerized database to manage research information in the area of building ventilation and indoor air quality. This literature survey contains references pertaining to the physical properties of radon and its daughters, instrumentation for their measurement, health effects, surveys and measurements, and regulatory information. The references in the bibliography are sequenced in alphabetical order and abstracts are included when supplied by the author. The objective of this report is to disseminate the bibliographic references compiled at the laboratory relating to radon research portion of the program. Interested database users are encouraged to contact the laboratory to receive instructions for direct database acess. A flyer describing the database is supplied at the end of the bibliography and a brief overview of the Radon Research porgram is given.

  12. Indoor Radon and Its Decay Products: Concentrations, Causes, and Control Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nero, A.V.

    2008-01-01

    strategies for identifying high-radon homes· . . . . . . . .C. Behavior of radon indoors: generalgeographic radon modeling •••••••••••. •••••. •..•••. ••• D.

  13. Construction and measurements of a vacuum-swing-adsorption radon-mitigation system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnee, R. W.; Bunker, R.; Ghulam, G.; Jardin, D.; Kos, M.; Tenney, A. S. [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244 (United States)

    2013-08-08

    Long-lived alpha and beta emitters in the {sup 222}Rn decay chain on (and near) detector surfaces may be the limiting background in many experiments attempting to detect dark matter or neutrinoless double beta decay, and in screening detectors. In order to reduce backgrounds from radon-daughter plate-out onto the wires of the Beta Cage during its assembly, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom is being commissioned at Syracuse University using a vacuum-swing-adsorption radon-mitigation system. The radon filter shows ?20× reduction at its output, from 7.47±0.56 to 0.37±0.12 Bq/m{sup 3}, and the cleanroom radon activity meets project requirements, with a lowest achieved value consistent with that of the filter, and levels consistently < 2 Bq/m{sup 3}.

  14. RADON DAUGHTER EXPOSURES IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nero, A.V.

    2010-01-01

    heat exchanger. Both the radon-2? 2 concentration (a) andMeeting on the Assessrm of Radon and Daughter Exposure andItaly, March 3-7, 1980 RADON-DAUGHTER EXPOSURES IN ENERGY-

  15. New Methods of Energy Efficient Radon Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisk, W.J.

    2011-01-01

    survey of residential radon levels in the U.S." RadiationSoil as a source of indoor radon: generation, migration,and entry", In Radon and its decay products in indoor air.

  16. Models of Radon Entry: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01

    J. L. , and Philips, F. M. Radon Transport in Dry CrackedPressure Variation on Radon Entry into B- uildings, ReportA. Monitoring and Modeling of Radon Entry into Basements: A

  17. The Dual Horospherical Radon Transform as a Limit of Spherical Radon Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasquale, Angela

    The Dual Horospherical Radon Transform as a Limit of Spherical Radon Transforms J. Hilgert, A of G. The horospherical Radon transform maps functions on X to functions on HorX by integrating over the dual horospherical Radon transform as a limit of dual spherical Radon transforms. 1. Introduction

  18. INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING LBL PASSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RADON NOMITOR (PERM)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boegel, M.L.

    2010-01-01

    LBL PASSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RADON MONITOR (PERM) HASTH M. L.LBL PASSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RADON MONITOR (PERM) M.L. Boegel,LBL PASSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RADON MONITOR (PERM) CONTENTS:

  19. Various factors affecting the calibration of alpha track detectors: a Monte Carlo study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullough, Steven Patrick

    1995-01-01

    Low levels of indoor radon are frequently monitored using alpha track detectors (ATD). A common detector configuration consists of cellulose nitrate film (Kodak LR-115 II(TM)) enclosed in a cylindrical metallic canister. The ATD system must...

  20. Guidelines Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Establishing Criteria for Excluding Buildings from the Energy Performance Requirements of Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act as Amended by the Energy Policy...

  1. Excluding a countable clique Reinhard Diestel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Reinhard

    Kn minor theorem of Robertson and Seymour to infinite graphs, and deduce a structural characterization of Robertson, Seymour and the second author. 2 #12;1. Introduction In both finite and infinite, Robertson and Seymour [ 7 ] found an excluded minor theorem for excluding Kn (n fixed). In a sense

  2. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 55 (2001) 707713 Bronchial dosimeter for radon progeny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    2001-01-01

    Applied Radiation and Isotopes 55 (2001) 707­713 Bronchial dosimeter for radon progeny T June 2001 Abstract A true bronchial dosimeter has been designed, consisting of four 400-mesh wire. In this way, the bronchial dosimeter directly gives bronchial dose from the alpha counts recorded on the wire

  3. The Radon-Nikodym Theorem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-07-12

    Theorem 1 (Johann Radon-Otton Nikodym). Let (X, B,µ) be a ?-finite measure space and let ? be a measure defined on B such that ? ? µ. Then there is a unique ...

  4. Radon - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cold and Flu Prevention Hand Washing Healthy Sleep Heat Stress Radon Signs of a Heart Attack Signs of a Stroke Coping with Stress & Change Skin Cancer Awareness Choose My...

  5. THE ATTENUATED RADON TRANSFORM: THEORY AND APPLICATION IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gullberg, Grant Theodore

    2011-01-01

    The Attenuated Radon Transform . . . . . . . .The Modified Attenuated Radon Transform. . . . .ProjectionProjections Radon's Inversion Formula Back-Projection Back-

  6. INVARIANT RADON MEASURES ON MEASURED LAMINATION SPACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamenstädt, Ursula

    INVARIANT RADON MEASURES ON MEASURED LAMINATION SPACE URSULA HAMENST¨ADT Abstract. Let S be an oriented surface of genus g 0 with m 0 punctures and 3g - 3 + m 2. We classify all Radon measures class group MCG(S) naturally acts on ML as a group of homeomorphisms preserving a Radon measure

  7. Inversion of the attenuated Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

    Inversion of the attenuated Radon transform F. Natterer Institut fur Numerische und instrumentelle@math.uni-muenster.de Abstract We derive an exact inversion formula for the attenuated Radon transform. The formula is closely for x 2 IR2, #12; 2 S1 Dax; #12; = 1Z 0 ax + t#12;dt : 1.1 The attenuated Radon transform Ra is de ned

  8. Convex Corson compacta and Radon measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plebanek, Grzegorz

    Convex Corson compacta and Radon measures Grzegorz Plebanek Abstract Assuming the continuum hypothesis, we show that (i) there is a compact convex subset L of \\Sigma(R ! 1 ), and a proba­ bility Radon \\Lambda -- compact set M of probability Radon measures on K, which has no G ffi --points. 1 Introduction

  9. Radon Transform Inversion using the Shearlet Representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labate, Demetrio

    Radon Transform Inversion using the Shearlet Representation Flavia Colonna Department The inversion of the Radon transform is a classical ill-posed inverse problem where some method-optimal rate of convergence in estimating a large class of images from noisy Radon data. This is achieved

  10. RADON TRANSFORMINVERSIONVIA WIENER FILTERINGOVER THE EUCLIDEAN MOTIONGROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazici, Birsen

    RADON TRANSFORMINVERSIONVIA WIENER FILTERINGOVER THE EUCLIDEAN MOTIONGROUP Can Evren Yarman Drexel formulatethe Radon transform asa wn- volution integral over the Euclidean motion group (SE(2)) and provideaminimummeansquare error(MMSE) stochas- tic deconvolution method for the Radon transform inver- sion. Proposed

  11. Nonlinear Radon and Fourier Transforms Franois Rouvire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallette, Bruno

    Nonlinear Radon and Fourier Transforms François Rouvière Université de Nice Laboratoire Dieudonné, of the clas- sical Radon transform on hyperplanes. A function f on Rn can be reconstructed from nonlinear Radon transforms, obtained by integrating f and a ...nite num- ber of multiples x f over a family

  12. RESTRICTED RADON TRANSFORMS AND UNIONS OF HYPERPLANES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESTRICTED RADON TRANSFORMS AND UNIONS OF HYPERPLANES Daniel M. Oberlin Department of Mathematics, Florida State University October 2004 x1 Introduction If #6; (n 1) is the unit sphere in R n , the Radon in a ball. The following theorem, which we regard as an estimate for a restricted Radon transform

  13. Injectivity of Rotation Invariant Windowed Radon Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biermé, Hermine

    Injectivity of Rotation Invariant Windowed Radon Transforms Hermine Bierm´e MAPMO-UMR 6628, D rotation invariant windowed Radon transforms that integrate a func- tion over hyperplanes by using a radial with positive real part , the windowed Radon transform is not injective on functions with a Gaussian decay

  14. ON RADON TRANSFORMS AND THE KAPPA OPERATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallette, Bruno

    ON RADON TRANSFORMS AND THE KAPPA OPERATOR François Rouvière (Université de Nice) Bruxelles, November 24, 2006 1. Introduction In 1917 Johann Radon solved the following problem : ...nd a function f called the Radon transform. Apart from an important contribution by Fritz John (1938) the problem fell

  15. Large families of mutually singular Radon measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plebanek, Grzegorz

    Large families of mutually singular Radon measures David H. Fremlin & Grzegorz Plebanek \\Lambda mutually singular Radon probability measures. 1. Introduction. We present here a partial answer with a family (¯ s ) s2S of mu­ tually singular Radon measures on X such that #(S) ? #(X)? In section 2 we

  16. Multilinear generalized Radon transforms and point configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grafakos, Loukas

    Multilinear generalized Radon transforms and point configurations Loukas Grafakos, Allan Greenleaf, Alex Iosevich and Eyvindur Palsson Abstract. We study multilinear generalized Radon transforms using for the results in [7]. 1. Introduction Linear generalized Radon transforms are operators of the form (1.1) Rf

  17. RESTRICTED RADON TRANSFORMS AND UNIONS OF HYPERPLANES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RESTRICTED RADON TRANSFORMS AND UNIONS OF HYPERPLANES Daniel M. Oberlin Department of Mathematics, Florida State University October 2004 §1 Introduction If (n-1) is the unit sphere in Rn , the Radon, which we regard as an estimate for a restricted Radon transform, is typical of our results here: Theorem

  18. Involvement of growth factors and their receptors in radon-induced rat lung tumors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leung, F.C.; Dagle, G.E.; Cross, F.T. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1992-12-31

    In this paper we examine the role of growth factors (GF) and their receptors (GFR) in radon-induced rat lung tumors. Inhalation exposure of radon and its daughters induced lung tumors in rats, but the molecule/cellular mechanisms are not known. Recent evidence suggests that GF/GFR play a critical role in the growth and development of lung cancer in humans and animals. We have developed immunocytochemical methods for identifying sites of production and action of GF/GFR at the cellular level; for example, the avidin-biotin horseradish peroxidase technique. In radon-induced rat epidermoid carcinomas, epidermal growth factor (EGF), EGF-receptors (EGF-R), transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-{alpha}), and bombesin were found to be abnormally expressed. These abnormal expressions, mainly associated with epidermoid carcinomas of the lung, were not found in any other lung tumor types. Our data suggest that EGF, EGF-R, TGF-{alpha}, and bombesin are involved in radon oncogenesis in rat lungs, especially in epidermoid carcinomas, possibly through the autocrine/paracrine pathway.

  19. A Radon Progeny Deposition Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. E. Guiseppe; S. R. Elliott; A. Hime; K. Rielage; S. Westerdale

    2010-12-30

    The next generation low-background detectors operating underground aim for unprecedented low levels of radioactive backgrounds. Although the radioactive decays of airborne radon (particularly Rn-222) and its subsequent progeny present in an experiment are potential backgrounds, also problematic is the deposition of radon progeny on detector materials. Exposure to radon at any stage of assembly of an experiment can result in surface contamination by progeny supported by the long half life (22 y) of Pb-210 on sensitive locations of a detector. An understanding of the potential surface contamination from deposition will enable requirements of radon-reduced air and clean room environments for the assembly of low background experiments. It is known that there are a number of environmental factors that govern the deposition of progeny onto surfaces. However, existing models have not explored the impact of some environmental factors important for low background experiments. A test stand has been constructed to deposit radon progeny on various surfaces under a controlled environment in order to develop a deposition model. Results from this test stand and the resulting deposition model are presented.

  20. Radon reduction and radon monitoring in the NEMO experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ) Abstract: The first data of the NEMO 3 neutrinoless double beta decay experiment have shown that the radon in the LSM (Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane, depth of 4800 m w.e.), investigates the neutrinoless double beta decay (20) of various nuclei [1]. The observation of such a process will give us fundamental

  1. MOTIVATION INCLUDED OR EXCLUDED FROM Mihaela Cocea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cocea, Mihaela

    MOTIVATION ­ INCLUDED OR EXCLUDED FROM E-LEARNING Mihaela Cocea National College of Ireland Mayor, Dublin 1, Ireland sweibelzahl@ncirl.ie ABSTRACT The learners' motivation has an impact on the quality-Learning, motivation has been mainly considered in terms of instructional design. Research in this direction suggests

  2. Radon-related backgrounds in the LUX dark matter search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, A. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Akerib, D. S. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Araújo, H. M. [Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom); Bai, X. [South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, SD (United States); Bailey, A. J. [Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom); Balajthy, J. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Bernard, E. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Bernstein, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Byram, D. [Univ. of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD (United States); Cahn, S. B. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Carmona-Benitez, M. C. [Univ. of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Chan, C. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Chapman, J. J. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Chiller, A. A. [Univ. of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD (United States); Chiller, C. [Univ. of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD (United States); Coffey, T. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Currie, A. [Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom); de Viveiros, L. [Univ. of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Dobi, A. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Dobson, J. [Univ. of Edingburg, Edinburg (United Kingdom); Druszkiewicz, E. [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Edwards, B. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Faham, C. H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Fiorucci, S. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Flores, C. [Univ. of California, Davis, Davis, CA (United States); Gaitskell, R. J. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Gehman, V. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Ghag, C. [Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom); Gibson, K. R. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Gilchriese, M. G.D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Hall, C. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Hertel, S. A. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Horn, M. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Huang, D. Q. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Ihm, M. [Univ. of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA (United States); Jacobsen, R. G. [Univ. of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA (United States); Kazkaz, K. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Knoche, R. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Larsen, N. A. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Lee, C. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Lindote, A. [Univ. of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Lopes, M. I. [Univ. of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Malling, D. C. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Mannino, R. [Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); McKinsey, D. N. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Mei, D. -M. [Univ. of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD (United States); Mock, J. [Univ. of California, Davis, Davis, CA (United States); Moongweluwan, M. [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Morad, J. [Univ. of California, Davis, Davis, CA (United States); Murphy, A. St.J. [Univ. of Edingburg, Edinburg (United Kingdom); Nehrkorn, C. [Univ. of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Nelson, H. [Univ. of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Neves, F. [Univ. of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal); Ott, R. A. [Univ. of California, Davis, Davis, CA (United States); Pangilinan, M. [Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States); Parker, P. D. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Pease, E. K. [Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States); Pech, K. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Phelps, P. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Reichhart, L. [Univ. College London, London (United Kingdom); Shutt, T. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States); Silva, C. [Univ. of Coimbra, Coimbra (Portugal)

    2015-01-01

    The LUX detector is currently in operation at the Davis Campus at the 4850’ level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, SD to directly search for WIMP dark matter. Knowing the type and rate of backgrounds is critical in a rare, low energy event search, and LUX was designed, constructed, and deployed to mitigate backgrounds, both internal and external. An important internal background are decays of radon and its daughters. These consist of alpha decays, which are easily tagged and are a tracer of certain backgrounds, and beta decays, some of which are not as readily tagged and present a background for the WIMP search. We report on studies of alpha decay and discuss implications for the WIMP search.

  3. Radon-related backgrounds in the LUX dark matter search

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Bradley, A.; Akerib, D. S.; Araújo, H. M.; Bai, X.; Bailey, A. J.; Balajthy, J.; Bernard, E.; Bernstein, A.; Byram, D.; Cahn, S. B.; et al

    2015-01-01

    The LUX detector is currently in operation at the Davis Campus at the 4850’ level of the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in Lead, SD to directly search for WIMP dark matter. Knowing the type and rate of backgrounds is critical in a rare, low energy event search, and LUX was designed, constructed, and deployed to mitigate backgrounds, both internal and external. An important internal background are decays of radon and its daughters. These consist of alpha decays, which are easily tagged and are a tracer of certain backgrounds, and beta decays, some of which are not as readily taggedmore »and present a background for the WIMP search. We report on studies of alpha decay and discuss implications for the WIMP search.« less

  4. RADON AND ALDEHYDE CONCENTRATIONS IN THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moschandreas, D.J.

    2010-01-01

    ENVIRONMENT DIVISION RADON AND ALDEHYDE CONCENTRATIONS INLBL-12590 EEB-Vent 81-12 RADON AND ALDEHYDE CONCENTRATIONS2.1 Monitoring History of Radon Table 2.1. Integrated (PERM)

  5. RADON PROGENY AS AN EXPERIMENTAL TOOL FOR DOSIMETRY OF NANOAEROSOLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruzer, Lev S.

    2008-01-01

    Measurement of Unattached Radon Progeny Deposited in theRuzer, L.S. and Apte, M.G. 2005 Radon progeny as a potentialof unaatached fraction of radon progeny, Journal of

  6. Radon Monitoring and Data Collection in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radon Monitoring and Data Collection in the United States Environmental Public Health Tracking Network Radon Task Force Norman Anderson, Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention Mike Brennan......................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 The Radon Task Force

  7. RADON AND ITS DAUGHTERS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nero, A.V.

    2010-01-01

    of Radionu­ clide Contents and Radon Emanation Rates inD.L. Krinkel, and W.W. Nazaroff, Radon in Energy-EfficientStitt, and G.II. Zapalac, Radon Measurements and Emanation

  8. Radon induced background processes in the KATRIN pre-spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fränkle, F M; Drexlin, G; Glück, F; Görhardt, S; Käfer, W; Mertens, S; Wandkowsky, N; Wolf, J

    2011-01-01

    The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is a next generation, model independent, large scale tritium beta-decay experiment to determine the effective electron anti-neutrino mass by investigating the kinematics of tritium beta-decay with a sensitivity of 200 meV/c2 using the MAC-E filter technique. In order to reach this sensitivity, a low background level of 0.01 counts per second (cps) is required. This paper describes how the decay of radon in a MAC-E filter generates background events, based on measurements performed at the KATRIN pre-spectrometer test setup. Radon (Rn) atoms, which emanate from materials inside the vacuum region of the KATRIN spectrometers, are able to penetrate deep into the magnetic flux tube so that the alpha-decay of Rn contributes to the background. Of particular importance are electrons emitted in processes accompanying the Rn alpha-decay, such as shake-off, internal conversion of excited levels in the Rn daughter atoms and Auger electrons. While low-energy electrons (<...

  9. A RESIDENTIAL RADON DAUGHTER MONITOR BASED ON ALPHA SPECTROSCOPY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazaroff, William W.

    2010-01-01

    Associated with Uranium Mining and Processing, sored spon­tion Hazards in Radia­ Uranium Mining," Report FRC No. B ( R

  10. Variation of calibration constant of alpha track detectors with respect to altitude 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasudevan, Latha

    1991-01-01

    . Cellulose nitrate LR 115 II alpha track detectors were exposed in two different configurations (open and closed) in a known radon atmosphere to obtain an appropriate calibration constant (tracks cm '/kBq-h-m') for the LR 115 II film. The establishment... detector film and its corresponding integrated radon exposure. The fundamental limitation on the accuracy and precision of ATD measurements is dependent on the Poisson counting statistics associated with the total number of tracks counted (Alter...

  11. Injectivity and stability for a generic class of generalized Radon ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-12-15

    prove a microlocal regularity theorem for generalized Radon transforms ... for example, the Euclidean Radon transform is defined over the set of affine.

  12. Overcomplete Radon Bases for Target Property Management in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guibas, Leonidas J.

    Overcomplete Radon Bases for Target Property Management in Sensor Networks Xiaoye Jiang Stanford, exploiting an overcomplete Radon basis dictionary to model property uncertainty in such cir- cumstances

  13. Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-15

    This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

  14. Use of MCNPX for Alpha Spectrometry Simulations of a Continuous Air Monitor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Hayes, Craig Marianno

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if the alpha energy spectrum in a Passive Implanted Planar Silicon (PIPS) detector, as modeled by MCNPX [1], can be used to design a radon stripping algorithm for a continuous air monitor (CAM). This stripping algorithm would be employed to discriminate naturally occurring radioisotopes from the anthropogenic for nuclear safety -related applications. It is hoped that using an algorithm based on MCNPX simulations, the CAM will not be prone to false alarms when radon levels are dynamic as identified in other CAM systems [2,3]. This work is focused on the design of the next generation air particulate detector (NGAPD) for the United States Navy. The primary isotope of interest is Co-60. This radionuclide emits a beta with an average energy of 96 keV. Therefore, once deposited on the CAM filter, it will produce a beta continuum seen by the PIPS detector. In addition, as radon progeny is deposited on the air filter, these will give rise to characteristic alpha peaks and a beta continuum. This is primarily an issue in port-or land-based applications. Ultimately, measurement of a radon alpha spectrum is desired to predict the amount of beta activity which would be measured from the radon progeny decay chains. All excess beta activity could then be attributed to anthropogenic sources once the radon progeny contributions have been stripped out.

  15. ARE RADON GAS MEASUREMENTS ADEQUATE FOR EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES AND CASE CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    ARE RADON GAS MEASUREMENTS ADEQUATE FOR EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES AND CASE CONTROL STUDIES OF RADON 2004 The lung dose derived from radon is not attributed to the radon gas itself, but instead to its of the radon risk, the excess number of cancers are related to the radon gas exposure, and not to the radon

  16. Predicting New Hampshire Indoor Radon Concentrations from geologic information and other covariates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apte, M.G.

    2011-01-01

    38961 Predicting New Hampshire Indoor Radon ConcentrationsRadon Potential Assessment of New Hampshire, Geologic Radoncollected in the New Hampshire Radon Survey. Fig. 2. The

  17. Radon monitoring and early low background counting at the Sanford Underground Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, K.J.

    2012-01-01

    Radon Monitoring and Early Low Background Counting at theCA 94720, USA Abstract. Radon detectors have been deployedin Lead, SD. Currently, no radon mitigation measures are in

  18. Monitoring and Modeling of Radon Entry into Basements: A Status Reportfor Small Structures Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisk, W.J.

    2008-01-01

    Interpretation of the response of continuous radon monitorsto transient radon concentrations," Health Physics, 37 pp.steady-state transport of radon from soil into houses with

  19. Modeling Radon Entry into Houses with Basements: Model Description and Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revzan, K.L.

    2008-01-01

    in the Proceedings Modeling Radon Entry into Houses withIndoor Air LBL-27742 MODELING RADON ENTRY INTO HOUSES WITHDriven Flow Equation for Radon Ingress through Cracks in

  20. When tensor products of AC charges and Radon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buczolich, Zoltán

    When tensor products of AC #3; charges and Radon measures are AC #3; charges Zolt#19;an Buczolich and Radon measures. We show that if F is a charge in R m which is AC#3; in a locally BV set E and #22; is an absolutely continuous Radon measure on R n with locally bounded Radon-Nikodym derivative then the charge F

  1. RADON TRANSFORM ON THE TORUS AHMED ABOUELAZ AND FRANOIS ROUVIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallette, Bruno

    RADON TRANSFORM ON THE TORUS AHMED ABOUELAZ AND FRANÇOIS ROUVIÈRE Abstract. We consider the Radon-Ricci spaces etc. We consider here the n-dimensional (at) torus Tn = Rn=Zn and the Radon transform de will thus enter the picture, as in the case of Radon transforms on Zn already studied by the ...rst author

  2. Modeled atmospheric radon concentrations from uranium mines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Droppo, J.G.

    1985-04-01

    Uranium mining and milling operations result in the release of radon from numerous sources of various types and strengths. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the Clean Air Act, is assessing the health impact of air emissions of radon from underground uranium mines. In this case, the radon emissions may impact workers and residents in the mine vicinity. To aid in this assessment, the EPA needs to know how mine releases can affect the radon concentrations at populated locations. To obtain this type of information, Pacific Northwest Laboratory used the radon emissions, release characteristics and local meterological conditions for a number of mines to model incremental radon concentrations. Long-term, average, incremental radon concentrations were computed based on the best available information on release rates, plume rise parameters, number and locations of vents, and local dispersion climatology. Calculations are made for a model mine, individual mines, and multiple mines. Our approach was to start with a general case and then consider specific cases for comparison. A model underground uranium mine was used to provide definition of the order of magnitude of typical impacts. Then computations were made for specific mines using the best mine-specific information available for each mine. These case study results are expressed as predicted incremental radon concentration contours plotted on maps with local population data from a previous study. Finally, the effect of possible overlap of radon releases from nearby mines was studied by calculating cumulative radon concentrations for multiple mines in a region with many mines. The dispersion model, modeling assumptions, data sources, computational procedures, and results are documented in this report. 7 refs., 27 figs., 18 tabs.

  3. Radon Concern in the Hickory Aquifer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, Amanda

    2005-01-01

    stream_source_info Radon concern in the hickory aquifer.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5403 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Radon concern in the hickory aquifer.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset...=ISO-8859-1 Radon ConcernStory by Amanda Crawford tx H2O | pg. 20 As the primary water source for Mason,Concho, McCulloch, San Saba, Menard, Kimble, and Gillespie counties in Central Texas, the threat of elevated radionuclide concentra- tions...

  4. Radiological risk assessment of environmental radon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalid, Norafatin; Majid, Amran Ab; Yahaya, Redzuwan; Yasir, Muhammad Samudi

    2013-11-27

    Measurements of radon gas ({sup 222}Rn) in the environmental are important to assess indoor air quality and to study the potential risk to human health. Generally known that exposure to radon is considered the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. The environmental radon concentration depends on the {sup 226}Ra concentration, indoor atmosphere, cracking on rocks and building materials. This study was carried out to determine the indoor radon concentration from selected samples of tin tailings (amang) and building materials in an airtight sealed homemade radon chamber. The radiological risk assessment for radon gas was also calculated based on the annual exposure dose, effective dose equivalent, radon exhalation rates and fatal cancer risk. The continuous radon monitor Sun Nuclear model 1029 was used to measure the radon concentration emanates from selected samples for 96 hours. Five types of tin tailings collected from Kampar, Perak and four samples of building materials commonly used in Malaysia dwellings or building constructions were analysed for radon concentration. The indoor radon concentration determined in ilmenite, monazite, struverite, xenotime and zircon samples varies from 219.6 ± 76.8 Bq m{sup ?3} to 571.1 ± 251.4 Bq m{sup ?3}, 101.0 ± 41.0 Bq m{sup ?3} to 245.3 ± 100.2 Bq m{sup ?3}, 53.1 ± 7.5 Bq m{sup ?3} to 181.8 ± 9.7 Bq m{sup ?3}, 256.1 ± 59.3 Bq m{sup ?3} to 652.2 ± 222.2 Bq m{sup ?3} and 164.5 ± 75.9 Bq m{sup ?3} to 653.3 ± 240.0 Bq m{sup ?3}, respectively. Whereas, in the building materials, the radon concentration from cement brick, red-clay brick, gravel aggregate and cement showed 396.3 ± 194.3 Bq m{sup ?3}, 192.1 ± 75.4 Bq m{sup ?3}, 176.1 ± 85.9 Bq m{sup ?3} and 28.4 ± 5.7 Bq m{sup ?3}, respectively. The radon concentration in tin tailings and building materials were found to be much higher in xenotime and cement brick samples than others. All samples in tin tailings were exceeded the action level for radon gas of 148 Bq m{sup ?3} proposed by EPA except monazite 0.15 kg, struverite 0.15 kg and 0.25 kg. Whereas, all building material samples have exceeded the radon concentration in concrete and building materials of 3 to 7 Bq m{sup ?3} estimated by ICRP. The annual effective dose, effective dose equivalent, and radon exhalation rates in tin tailings were calculated to be in the range of 2.47 to 11.46 mSv, 5.94 to 1090.56 mSv y{sup ?1}, and 0.23 to 1.18 mBq kg{sup ?1} h{sup ?1}. For building materials, the calculated risk assessment of the annual effective dose, effective dose equivalent, radon exhalation rates and fatal cancer risk were 0.72 to 10.00 mSv, 1.73 to 24.00 mSv y{sup ?1}, 0.010 to 0.06 mBq kg{sup ?1} h{sup ?1} and 40 to 550 chances of persons will suffer the cancer per million (1 × 10{sup 6}), respectively.

  5. A fast butterfly algorithm for generalized Radon transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jingwei

    Generalized Radon transforms, such as the hyperbolic Radon transform, cannot be implemented as efficiently in the frequency domain as convolutions, thus limiting their use in seismic data processing. We have devised a fast ...

  6. Reconstruction from Radon projections and orthogonal expansion on a ball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuan Xu

    2007-05-14

    The relation between Radon transform and orthogonal expansions of a function on the unit ball in $\\RR^d$ is exploited. A compact formula for the partial sums of the expansion is given in terms of the Radon transform, which leads to algorithms for image reconstruction from Radon data. The relation between orthogonal expansion and the singular value decomposition of the Radon transform is also exploited.

  7. Environmental Protection Agency 195.2 PART 195--RADON PROFICIENCY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    59 Environmental Protection Agency § 195.2 PART 195--RADON PROFICIENCY PROGRAMS Subpart A: The National Radon Meas- urement Proficiency (RMP) Program, the individual proficiency component of the RMP Program, and the National Radon Contractor Proficiency (RCP) Program. (b) Applicability. This part applies

  8. Metrics and Smoothing of TranslationInvariant Radon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenblatt, Michael

    Metrics and Smoothing of Translation­Invariant Radon Transforms Along Curves Michael Greenblatt 1: (617) 253­4358 Running head: Radon Transforms 1 This research was supported in part by NSF grant DMS­invariant Radon transforms along curves for # # # and p

  9. The Generalised Radon Transform: Sampling and Memory Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    The Generalised Radon Transform: Sampling and Memory Considerations C.L. Luengo Hendriks, M. van. The generalised Radon transform is a well-known tool for detecting parameterised shapes in an image. Applying the Radon trans- form to an image results in a parameter response function (PRF). Curves in the image become

  10. GEODESIC RADON TRANSFORMS ON SYMMETRIC SPACES FRANOIS ROUVIRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallette, Bruno

    GEODESIC RADON TRANSFORMS ON SYMMETRIC SPACES FRANÇOIS ROUVIÈRE à la mémoire d'André Cerezo of the non-compact type, by means of shifted dual Radon transforms. One of these formulas is extended to a large class of totally geodesic Radon transforms on these spaces. 1. Introduction 1.1. Inverting the X

  11. Contemporary Mathematics Local Non-injectivity for Weighted Radon Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boman, Jan

    Contemporary Mathematics Local Non-injectivity for Weighted Radon Transforms Jan Boman Abstract. A weighted plane Radon transform R is considered, where (x, L) is a smooth positive function. It is proved of smooth positive weight functions. 1. Introduction We shall consider a weighted plane Radon transform (1

  12. Letter to the Editor Rutherford, the Curies, and Radon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    Letter to the Editor Rutherford, the Curies, and Radon Received 3 January 2000; accepted,2 it is interesting to note that the Curies were also responsible for the discovery of radon-222, the naturally oc of about one minute.''6 In modern terminology, Rutherford and Owens had discovered radon in the form

  13. Une interpretation cohomologique de la condition de Radon-Cavalieri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Agnolo, Andrea

    Une interpr´etation cohomologique de la condition de Radon-Cavalieri Andrea D'Agnolo R les D-modules `a l'´etude de la transform´ee de Radon affine r´eelle. Classiquement, on obtient la est diff´erente, et montre comment cette condition, li´ee `a la transform´ee de Radon projective

  14. Approximating Radon measures on first--countable compact spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plebanek, Grzegorz

    Approximating Radon measures on first--countable compact spaces Grzegorz Plebanek (Wroc/law) Abstract The assertion every Radon measure defined on a first--countable compact space is uniformly regular under CH. In this note we consider some properties of finite Radon measures defined on compact spaces

  15. Radon space and Adaboost for Pose Estimation Patrick Etyngier1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Audibert, Jean-Yves

    Radon space and Adaboost for Pose Estimation Patrick Etyngier1 Nikos Paragios2 Renaud Keriven1 in the radon space consist of our feature space. Such features are associ- ated with [AdaBoost] learners spaces and methods exist for fast line extraction and manipulation (Hough[5, 10], Radon [10]). Our method

  16. RADON-NIKODYM THEOREMS D. CANDELORO and A. VOLCIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Candeloro, Domenico

    RADON-NIKOD´YM THEOREMS D. CANDELORO and A. VOLCIC 1 Introduction Suppose is the Lebesgue measure and , that is the integral measure of some function f L1 (µ) : such function is called Radon- Nikod´ym derivative a Radon-Nikod´ym derivative d dµ , i.e. a µ- integrable function f such that (E) = E f dµ holds, for any

  17. Silica Fume as a Radon Retardant from Concrete

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Silica Fume as a Radon Retardant from Concrete K . N . Y U , * , R . V . B A L E N D R A N of Building and Construction, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong Radon, and tracheobronchial deposition of radon progeny can lead to lung cancers. Aggregates (granite) are known

  18. RADON TRANSFORM ON SYMMETRIC MATRIX DOMAINS GENKAI ZHANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Genkai

    RADON TRANSFORM ON SYMMETRIC MATRIX DOMAINS GENKAI ZHANG Abstract. Let K = R; C ; H be the #12;eld space. We consider the Radon transform Rf(y) for functions f 2 C 1 0 (X) de#12;ned by integration of f 0 Radon transform, namely MR t Rf = cf . This generalizes

  19. Radon-based Structure from Motion Without Correspondences Ameesh Makadia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    Radon-based Structure from Motion Without Correspondences Ameesh Makadia Christopher Geyer Shankar present a novel approach for the estimation of 3D- motion directly from two images using the Radon trans is in the realization that the Radon transform is a filtering operator: If we assume that im- ages are defined

  20. Radon Transform and Cavalieri Condition: a Cohomological Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Agnolo, Andrea

    Radon Transform and Cavalieri Condition: a Cohomological Approach Andrea D'Agnolo Abstract We apply the theory of integral transforms for sheaves and D-modules to the study of the real Radon transform. J. 93 (1998), no. 3, 597­632. #12;Radon Transform and Cavalieri Condition: a Cohomological Approach

  1. INVERTING RADON TRANSFORMS : THE GROUP-THEORETIC Franois Rouvire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallette, Bruno

    INVERTING RADON TRANSFORMS : THE GROUP-THEORETIC APPROACH François Rouvière Abstract of various inversion formulas from the literature on Radon transforms, obtained by group-theoretic tools such as invariant di¤erential operators and harmonic analysis. We introduce a general concept of shifted Radon

  2. INVARIANT RADON MEASURES FOR HOROCYCLE FLOWS ON ABELIAN COVERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarig, Omri

    INVARIANT RADON MEASURES FOR HOROCYCLE FLOWS ON ABELIAN COVERS OMRI SARIG Dedicated to the memory of M. Babillot Abstract. We classify the ergodic invariant Radon measures for horocycle flows on Zd those supported on periodic orbits. There are however invariant Radon measures. Burger [Bu] classified

  3. Alpha Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TA I N P A T TSorbentsAllosteric ModulationAlphaBasics

  4. THE ATTENUATED RADON TRANSFORM: APPLICATION TO SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN THE PRESENCE OF A VARIABLE ATTENUATING MEDIUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gullberg, Grant T.

    2013-01-01

    ·" 10276 vii THE ATTENUATED RADON TRANSFORM: APPLICATION TOOn the inversion of sampled Radon transforms, to appear as aMathematics THE ATTENUATED RADON TRANSFORM: APPLICATION TO

  5. Thermodynamics of the low density excluded volume hadron gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalewski, Kacper

    2015-01-01

    We discuss the influence of the excluded volume of hadrons on macroscopic variables and thermal parameters of the hadron gas at finite temperature and chemical potential in the low density approximation. Based solely on elementary thermodynamics we show that when the excluded volume grows at constant temperature, pressure, and number of particles, the overall volume increases just as much as the excluded volume, while the entropy and energy remain unchanged. The growth of the chemical potentials is equal to the work needed to create the respective excluded volumes. Consequently, the bulk density functions of a gas with excluded volume are expressed by the corresponding variables in a system of point particles with the shifted chemical potentials. Our results are fully consistent with the previous findings obtained upon applications of more advanced methods of statistical physics. A validity limit for the low density approximation is derived and discussed in the context of the hadron gas created in heavy ion c...

  6. Thermodynamics of the low density excluded volume hadron gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kacper Zalewski; Krzysztof Redlich

    2015-07-20

    We discuss the influence of the excluded volume of hadrons on macroscopic variables and thermal parameters of the hadron gas at finite temperature and chemical potential in the low density approximation. Based solely on elementary thermodynamics we show that when the excluded volume grows at constant temperature, pressure, and number of particles, the overall volume increases just as much as the excluded volume, while the entropy and energy remain unchanged. The growth of the chemical potentials is equal to the work needed to create the respective excluded volumes. Consequently, the bulk density functions of a gas with excluded volume are expressed by the corresponding variables in a system of point particles with the shifted chemical potentials. Our results are fully consistent with the previous findings obtained upon applications of more advanced methods of statistical physics. A validity limit for the low density approximation is derived and discussed in the context of the hadron gas created in heavy ion collisions.

  7. Indoor radon and decay products: Concentrations, causes, and control strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nero, A.V.; Gadgil, A.J.; Nazaroff, W.W.; Revzan, K.L.

    1990-11-01

    This report is another in the on going technical report series that addresses various aspects of the DOE Radon Research Program. It provides an overview of what is known about the behavior of radon and its decay products in the indoor environment and examines the manner in which several important classes of factors -- structural, geological, and meteorological -- affect indoor radon concentrations. Information on US indoor radon concentrations, currently available monitoring methods and novel radon control strategies are also explored. 238 refs., 22 figs., 9 tabs.

  8. Radon free storage container and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Langner, Jr., G. Harold (Mack, CO); Rangel, Mark J. (Austin, CO)

    1991-01-01

    A radon free containment environment for either short or long term storage of radon gas detectors can be provided as active, passive, or combined active and passive embodiments. A passive embodiment includes a resealable vessel containing a basket capable of holding and storing detectors and an activated charcoal adsorbing liner between the basket and the containment vessel wall. An active embodiment includes the resealable vessel of the passive embodiment, and also includes an external activated charcoal filter that circulates the gas inside the vessel through the activated charcoal filter. An embodiment combining the active and passive embodiments is also provided.

  9. Systematic grid-wise radon concentration measurements and first radon map in Cyprus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theodoulou, G; Parpottas, Y; 10.1016/j.radmeas.2012.03.019

    2012-01-01

    A systematic study of the indoor airborne radon concentration in the central part of the Nicosia district was conducted, using high-sensitivity active radon portable detectors of the type "RADIM3A". From a total of 108 measurements in 54 grids of 1 km^2 area each, the overall mean value is 20.6 \\pm 13.2 Bq m^-3 (A.M.\\pm S.D.). That is almost twice less than the corresponding average worldwide value. The radon concentration levels in drinking water were also measured in 24 sites of the residential district, using the high-sensitivity radon detector of the type "RADIM3W". The mean value obtained from these measurements is 243.8 \\pm 224.8 mBq L^-1, which is relatively low compared to the corresponding internationally accepted level. The associated annual effective dose rates to each measurement were also calculated and compared to the corresponding worldwide values. From the geographical coordinates of the measuring sites and the corresponding radon concentration values, the digital radon map of the central part...

  10. Systematic grid-wise radon concentration measurements and first radon map in Cyprus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Theodoulou; H. Tsertos; Y. Parpottas

    2012-06-26

    A systematic study of the indoor airborne radon concentration in the central part of the Nicosia district was conducted, using high-sensitivity active radon portable detectors of the type "RADIM3A". From a total of 108 measurements in 54 grids of 1 km^2 area each, the overall mean value is 20.6 \\pm 13.2 Bq m^-3 (A.M.\\pm S.D.). That is almost twice less than the corresponding average worldwide value. The radon concentration levels in drinking water were also measured in 24 sites of the residential district, using the high-sensitivity radon detector of the type "RADIM3W". The mean value obtained from these measurements is 243.8 \\pm 224.8 mBq L^-1, which is relatively low compared to the corresponding internationally accepted level. The associated annual effective dose rates to each measurement were also calculated and compared to the corresponding worldwide values. From the geographical coordinates of the measuring sites and the corresponding radon concentration values, the digital radon map of the central part of the Nicosia district was constructed for the first time, by means of the ArcMap software package.

  11. Urine Test Strips to Exclude Cerebral Spinal Fluid Blood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Robin A; Hejamanowski, Chris

    2011-01-01

    two Pearson Chi-Square tests. The first compared samplesO riginal R esearch Urine Test Strips to Exclude CerebralBayer Multistix ® urine test strips are designed to test

  12. Excluding induced subgraphs Maria Chudnovsky and Paul Seymour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chudnovsky, Maria

    Excluding induced subgraphs Maria Chudnovsky and Paul Seymour Abstract In this paper we survey some´ejols, and Vuskovi´c [23], respectively). 1 #12;2 M. Chudnovsky & P. Seymour One might then ask whether a structural

  13. MEASURING RADON SOURCE MAGNITUDE IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nazaroff, W.W.

    2010-01-01

    19P0 No. of Houses Radon pCi/l) GSDh Air-Exchange Rate (GSD -i a b Source Magnitude (pCi l" h ) GM GSD a b l.i Sanand a range of 0.01 to 6.0 pCi i" sive measurements in six

  14. URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADON FLUX CALCULATIONS PIÑON RIDGE PROJECT MONTROSE COUNTY, COLORADO (EFRC) proposes to license, construct, and operate a conventional acid leach uranium and vanadium mill storage pad, and access roads. The mill is designed to process ore containing uranium and vanadium

  15. Adsorption of radon and water vapor on commercial activated carbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hassan, N.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Ghosh, T.K.; Hines, A.L.; Loyalka, S.K. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)

    1995-02-01

    Equilibrium adsorption isotherms are reported for radon and water vapor on two commercial activated carbons: coconut shell Type PCB and hardwood Type BD. The isotherms of the water vapor were measured gravimetrically at 298 K. The isotherms of radon from dry nitrogen were obtained at 293, 298, and 308 K while the data for the mixture of radon and water vapor were measured at 298 K. The concentrations of radon in the gas and solid phases were measured simultaneously, once the adsorption equilibrium and the radioactive equilibrium between the radon and its daughter products were established. The shape of the isotherms was of Type III for the radon and Type V for the water vapor, according to Brunauer`s classification. The adsorption mechanism was similar for both the radon and the water vapor, being physical adsorption on the macropore surface area in the low pressure region and micropore filling near saturation pressure. The uptake capacity of radon decreased both with increasing temperature and relative humidity. The heat of adsorption data indicated that the PCB- and the BD-activated carbons provided a heterogeneous surface for radon adsorption. The equilibrium data for radon were correlated with a modified Freundlich equation.

  16. AVERAGES ALONG POLYNOMIAL SEQUENCES IN DISCRETE NILPOTENT GROUPS: SINGULAR RADON TRANSFORMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magyar, Akos

    AVERAGES ALONG POLYNOMIAL SEQUENCES IN DISCRETE NILPOTENT GROUPS: SINGULAR RADON TRANSFORMS can consider discrete maximal Radon transforms, which have applications to pointwise ergodic theo- rems, and discrete singular Radon transforms. In this paper we prove L2 boundedness of discrete

  17. VARIATIONS IN RADON-222 IN SOIL AND GROUND WATER AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wollenberg, H.

    2010-01-01

    1962, Final Report, on-site radon studies in surface soils,110. King, Chi-Yu, 1975, Radon emanation along an act- ive1975, In- vestigation of Radon-222 in subsurface waters as

  18. A TIME-DEPENDENT METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING THE DIFFUSION OF RADON-222 IN CONCRETE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zapalac, Geordie H.

    2013-01-01

    Emanometrische Jo78 and Radon Exhalation Rates from BuildingStiller s. ' Messungen von Radon und Thoron in Bodenluft",Measuring 1981, A Fast Radon-222 Building Materials and

  19. HUMAN DISEASE FROM RADON EXPOSURES: THE IMPACT OF ENERGY CONSERVATION IN RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budnitz, R.J.

    2011-01-01

    Buildings H M N DISEASE FROM RADON EXPOSURES: U A THE IMPACTVent 78-6 HUMAN DISEASE FROM RADON EXPOSURES: THE IMPACT OFof conservation measures on radon levels, and the disease

  20. HUMAN DISEASE FROM RADON EXPOSURES: THE IMPACT OF ENERGY CONSERVATION IN BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budnitz, R.J.

    2011-01-01

    Snihs, "The Significance of Radon and Its Progeny as NaturalDivision Human Disease from Radon Exposures: The I P ImpactVent 78-5 HUMAN DISEASE FROM RADON EXPOSURES: THE IMPACT OF

  1. An Experiment with Depressurization Tests as Indicators of Radon Availability in Six New Jersey Houses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gadgil, A.J.

    2008-01-01

    as Indicators of Radon Availability in 6 New Jersey HousesAS INDICATORS OF RADON AVAILABILITY IN 6 NEW JERSEY HOUSESas Indicators of Radon Availability in 6 New Jersey Houses

  2. This sheet is posted on the web at http://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf Super-Kamiokande Dome Radon-Free Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    This sheet is posted on the web at http://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf Super-Kamiokande Dome Radon-Free Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT' Rev.: J.Griskevich / H.S. home = 949-940-0015 The Radon Hut manual (latest version) is posted on the web at: https://www-sk.icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON

  3. This sheet is posted on the web at http://wwwsk.icrr.utokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf SuperKamiokande Dome RadonFree Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    This sheet is posted on the web at http://www­sk.icrr.u­tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON/radonhutcheck.pdf Super­Kamiokande Dome Radon­Free Air System Shift Checklist for the `RADON HUT' Rev.: HGB, 20 Nov 2007@phys.washington.edu The Radon Hut manual (latest version) is posted on the web at: https://www­sk.icrr.u­tokyo.ac.jp/~berns/SUPERK/RADON

  4. Non-linear relationship of cell hit and transformation probabilities in low dose of inhaled radon progenies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balásházy, Imre; Madas, Balázs Gergely; Hofmann, Werner

    2013-01-01

    Cellular hit probabilities of alpha particles emitted by inhaled radon progenies in sensitive bronchial epithelial cell nuclei were simulated at low exposure levels to obtain useful data for the rejection or in support of the linear-non-threshold (LNT) hypothesis. In this study, local distributions of deposited inhaled radon progenies in airway bifurcation models were computed at exposure conditions, which are characteristic of homes and uranium mines. Then, maximum local deposition enhancement factors at bronchial airway bifurcations, expressed as the ratio of local to average deposition densities, were determined to characterize the inhomogeneity of deposition and to elucidate their effect on resulting hit probabilities. The results obtained suggest that in the vicinity of the carinal regions of the central airways the probability of multiple hits can be quite high even at low average doses. Assuming a uniform distribution of activity there are practically no multiple hits and the hit probability as a funct...

  5. Study of the atmospheric chemistry of radon progeny in laboratory and real indoor atmospheres. Final project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hopke, P.K.

    1996-09-01

    This report completes Clarkson University`s study of the chemical and physical behavior of the {sup 218}Po atom immediately following its formation by the alpha decay of radon. Because small changes in size for activity in the sub-10 nm size range result in large changes in the delivered dose per unit exposure, this behavior must be understood if the exposure to radon progeny and it dose to the cells in the respiratory tract are to be fully assessed. In order to pursue this general goal, two areas of radon progeny behavior are being pursued; laboratory studies under controlled conditions to better understand the fundamental physical and chemical processes that affect the progeny`s atmospheric behavior and studies in actual indoor environments to develop a better assessment of the exposure of the occupants of that space to the size and concentration of the indoor radioactive aerosol. Thus, two sets of specific goals have been established for this project. The specific tasks of the controlled laboratory studies are (1) Determine the formation rates of {circ}OH radicals formed by the radiolysis of air following radon decay; (2) Examine the formation of particles by the radiolytic oxidation of substances like SO{sub 2}, ethylene, and H{sub 2}S to lower vapor pressure compounds and determine the role of gas phase additives such as H{sub 2}O and NH{sub 3} in determining the particle size; (3) Measure the rate of ion-induced nucleation using a thermal diffusion cloud chamber, and (4) Measure the neutralization rate of {sup 218}PoO{sub x}{sup +} in O{sub 2} at low radon concentrations.

  6. The Generalized Mader's Inversion Formulas for the Radon Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri A. Antipov; Boris Rubin

    2011-03-11

    In 1927 Philomena Mader derived elegant inversion formulas for the hyperplane Radon transform on $\\bbr^n$. These formulas differ from the original ones by Radon and seem to be forgotten. We generalize Mader's formulas to totally geodesic Radon transforms in any dimension on arbitrary constant curvature space. Another new interesting inversion formula for the $k$-plane transform was presented in the recent book "Integral geometry and Radon transform" by S. Helgason. We extend this formula to arbitrary constant curvature space. The paper combines tools of integral geometry and complex analysis.

  7. Scattering from Star Polymers including Excluded Volume Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Xin [ORNL; Do, Changwoo [ORNL; Liu, Yun [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Sanchez-Diaz, Luis E [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Smith, Greg [ORNL; Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    In this work we present a new model for the form factor of a star polymer consisting of self-avoiding branches. This new model incorporates excluded volume effects and is derived from the two point correlation function for a star polymer.. We compare this model to small angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements from polystyrene (PS) stars immersed in a good solvent, tetrahydrofuran (THF). It is shown that this model provides a good description of the scattering signature originating from the excluded volume effect and it explicitly elucidates the connection between the global conformation of a star polymer and the local stiffness of its constituent branch.

  8. Finite Geometry and the Radon Transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Revzen

    2011-11-20

    Finite Geometry is used to underpin operators acting in finite, d, dimensional Hilbert space. Quasi distribution and Radon transform underpinned with finite dual affine plane geometry (DAPG) are defined in analogy with the continuous ($d \\rightarrow \\infty$) Hilbert space case. An essntial role in these definitions play the projectors of states of mutual unbiased bases (MUB) and their Wigner function-like mapping onto the generalized phase space that lines and points of DAPG constitutes.

  9. Ab initio alpha-alpha scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serdar Elhatisari; Dean Lee; Gautam Rupak; Evgeny Epelbaum; Hermann Krebs; Timo A. Lähde; Thomas Luu; Ulf-G. Meißner

    2015-06-11

    Processes involving alpha particles and alpha-like nuclei comprise a major part of stellar nucleosynthesis and hypothesized mechanisms for thermonuclear supernovae. In an effort towards understanding alpha processes from first principles, we describe in this letter the first ab initio calculation of alpha-alpha scattering. We use lattice effective field theory to describe the low-energy interactions of nucleons and apply a technique called the adiabatic projection method to reduce the eight-body system to an effective two-cluster system. We find good agreement between lattice results and experimental phase shifts for S-wave and D-wave scattering. The computational scaling with particle number suggests that alpha processes involving heavier nuclei are also within reach in the near future.

  10. Ab initio alpha-alpha scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elhatisari, Serdar; Rupak, Gautam; Epelbaum, Evgeny; Krebs, Hermann; Lähde, Timo A; Luu, Thomas; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2015-01-01

    Processes involving alpha particles and alpha-like nuclei comprise a major part of stellar nucleosynthesis and hypothesized mechanisms for thermonuclear supernovae. In an effort towards understanding alpha processes from first principles, we describe in this letter the first ab initio calculation of alpha-alpha scattering. We use lattice effective field theory to describe the low-energy interactions of nucleons and apply a technique called the adiabatic projection method to reduce the eight-body system to an effective two-cluster system. We find good agreement between lattice results and experimental phase shifts for S-wave and D-wave scattering. The computational scaling with particle number suggests that alpha processes involving heavier nuclei are also within reach in the near future.

  11. Real-time measurement of radon activity and mixed radiation fields characterization with silicon pixel detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Severino, Clizia Tecla; Silari, Marco

    Real-time measurement of radon activity and mixed radiation fields characterization with silicon pixel detector

  12. RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazici, Birsen

    RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP Can Evren Yarman of the projection slice theorem using harmonic analysis of the Euclidean motion group (M(N)). The Radon transform to new algo- rithms for the inversion of the Radon transform. 1. INTRODUCTION The Radon transform forms

  13. 162 IEEE TRANSACTIONSONACOUSTICS, SPEECH, ANDSIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. ASSP-35, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 1987 Discrete Radon Transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beylkin, Gregory

    Discrete Radon Transform GREGORY BEYLKIN Abstract-This paper describes the discrete Radon transform (DRT showthattheDRTcan beused tocomputevariousgen- eralizations of the classical Radon transform (RT) and. An interesting observation is that the exact inversion algorithm cannot be obtained directly from Radon

  14. Mapping the geogenic radon potential: methodology and spatial analysis for central Hungary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, Ákos

    Mapping the geogenic radon potential: methodology and spatial analysis for central Hungary Katalin 2013 Available online Keywords: Hungarian geogenic radon potential Soil gas radon Soil gas permeability Spatial modeling a b s t r a c t A detailed geogenic radon potential (GRP) mapping based on field soil gas

  15. Experimental, statistical, and biological models of radon carcinogenesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cross, F.T.

    1991-09-01

    Risk models developed for underground miners have not been consistently validated in studies of populations exposed to indoor radon. Imprecision in risk estimates results principally from differences between exposures in mines as compared to domestic environments and from uncertainties about the interaction between cigarette-smoking and exposure to radon decay products. Uncertainties in extrapolating miner data to domestic exposures can be reduced by means of a broad-based health effects research program that addresses the interrelated issues of exposure, respiratory tract dose, carcinogenesis (molecular/cellular and animal studies, plus developing biological and statistical models), and the relationship of radon to smoking and other copollutant exposures. This article reviews experimental animal data on radon carcinogenesis observed primarily in rats at Pacific Northwest Laboratory. Recent experimental and mechanistic carcinogenesis models of exposures to radon, uranium ore dust, and cigarette smoke are presented with statistical analyses of animal data. 20 refs., 1 fig.

  16. Design and performance of an ionisation chamber for the measurement of low alpha-activities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Hartmann; Jochen Hutsch; Felix Krüger; Manfred Sobiella; Heinrich Wilsenach; Kai Zuber

    2015-11-04

    A new ionisation chamber for alpha-spectroscopy has been built from radio-pure materials for the purpose of investigating long lived alpha-decays. The measurement makes use of pulse shape analysis to discriminate between signal and background events. The design and performance of the chamber is described in this paper. A background rate of ($10.9 \\pm 0.6$) counts per day in the energy region of 1 MeV to 9 MeV was achieved with a run period of 30.8 days. The background is dominantly produced by radon daughters.

  17. Long term performance of different radon remedial methods in Sweden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clavensjoe, B

    2002-01-01

    The object of this project was to investigate the long time effectiveness of different radon remedial methods. The ten years project started 1991. From start the investigation comprised of 105 dwellings (91 single-family houses and 14 flats in multi-family buildings). In all of the dwellings remedial measures were carried out in the eighties. Before and immediately after the reduction the local measured the radon concentrations. New measurements of the radon concentrations have been made every third year; in 1991, 1994, 1997 and in 2000. Twelve different radon remedial methods and method combinations were used. The radon sources were building materials as well as sub-soils. In all of the dwellings the radon concentrations were measured by nuclear track films during 3 months (January-March) measurements and in half of them the air change rates by passive tracer gas methods. The results of the 2000 and the 1991 (within brackets) studies showed that the radon concentration was up to 200 Bq/m sup 3 in 54 (54) sin...

  18. Measurement and reduction of low-level radon background in the KATRIN experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fränkle, F. M. [F.M. Fränkle Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)] [F.M. Fränkle Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    2013-08-08

    The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is a next generation, model independent, large scale experiment to determine the mass of the electron anti-neutrino by investigating the kinematics of tritium beta decay with a sensitivity of 200 meV/c{sup 2}. The measurement setup consists of a high luminosity windowless gaseous molecular tritium source (WGTS), a differential and cryogenic pumped electron transport and tritium retention section, a tandem spectrometer section (pre-spectrometer and main spectrometer) for energy analysis, followed by a detector system for counting transmitted beta decay electrons. Measurements performed at the KATRIN pre-spectrometer test setup showed that the decay of radon (Rn) atoms in the volume of the KATRIN spectrometers is a major background source. Rn atoms from low-level radon emanation of materials inside the vacuum region of the KATRIN spectrometers are able to penetrate deep into the magnetic flux tube so that the alpha decay of Rn contributes to the background. Of particular importance are electrons emitted in processes accompanying the Rn alpha decay, such as shake-off, internal conversion of excited levels in the Rn daughter atoms and Auger electrons. Lowenergy electrons (< 100 eV) directly contribute to the background in the signal region. High-energy electrons can be stored magnetically inside the volume of the spectrometer and are able to create thousands of secondary electrons via subsequent ionization processes with residual gas molecules. In order to reduce the Rn induced background different active and passive counter measures were developed and tested. This proceeding will give an overview on Rn sources within the KATRIN spectrometer, describes how Rn decays inside the spectrometer produce background events at the detector and presents different counter measures to reduce the Rn induced background.

  19. A fast butterfly algorithm for the hyperbolic Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jingwei

    2012-01-01

    We introduce a fast butterfly algorithm for the hyperbolic Radon transform commonly used in seismic data processing. For two-dimensional data, the algorithm runs in complexity O(N[superscript 2] logN), where N is representative ...

  20. RADON AND ITS DAUGHTERS IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nero, A.V.

    2010-01-01

    AMD ITS DAUCHTERS IN ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINCS A.V. Nero,W.W. Nazaroff, Radon in Energy-Efficient Houses, LawrenceStudies, pp. 18- 23 in Energy Efficient Buildings Program,

  1. Radon in energy-efficient earth-sheltered structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nero, A.V.

    1983-05-01

    Exposure o the radioactive-decay products of radon 222 that are present in indoor air constitutes the most-significant radiation dose received by the general population in most countries. Indoor concentrations vary from one building to another, ranging from insignificant to very high levels that cause radiation doses higher than those experienced by uranium miners. This wide range of concentrations is attributable to variability in the rate at which radon enters buildings, and differences in the ventilation rate. Earth-sheltered dwellings, because they are more completely surrounded by earth material than other structures, have an as yet unquantified potential for having radon entry rates that are higher than typical for other houses in the region. Moreover, measures that save energy by reducing ventilation rates (for example by reducing infiltration) can also raise indoor radon concentrations. For these reasons a significant effort is needed to determine the potential for ventilation-reducing measures and earth sheltering to increase radon concentrations, especially in regions where they are already high. Where necessary, proper attention to specific design features that affect radon entry rates or residence time indoors should be adequate to avoid undue risk to the public.

  2. Radon Transform in Finite Dimensional Hilbert Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Revzen

    2012-02-06

    Novel analysis of ?nite dimensional Hilbert space is outlined. The approach bypasses general, inherent, di?culties present in handling angular variables in ?nite dimensional problems: The ?nite dimensional, d, Hilbert space operators are underpinned with ?nite geometry which provide intuitive perspective to the physical operators. The analysis emphasizes a central role for projectors of mutual unbiased bases (MUB) states, extending thereby their use in ?nite dimensional quantum mechanics studies. Interrelation among the Hilbert space operators revealed via their (?nite) dual a?ne plane geometry (DAPG) underpinning are displayed and utilized in formulating the ?nite dimensional ubiquitous Radon transformation and its inverse illustrating phase space-like physics encoded in lines and points of the geometry. The ?nite geometry required for our study is outlined.

  3. Relationships of radon diffusion coefficient with saturated hydraulic conductivity, fines content and moisture saturation of radon/infiltration barriers for the UMTRA Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, P.Y.; Chen, P.K. [Morrison-Knudsen Co., Inc., Boise, ID (United States)

    1994-01-24

    The release of {sup 222}Radon to the atmosphere is controlled by the rate of its gas transport through earthen materials. Of the many soil-related parameters, radon diffusion coefficient is the key parameter that characterizes this transport. We compared the radon diffusion coefficients measured at the laboratories for the UMTRA Project with simple empirical correlations developed by others. The empirical correlations predict the radon diffusion coefficient based on the fraction of moisture saturation and porosity. One of the more recent correlations agrees reasonably well with the measurements. In addition, by using a series of correlation curves, we studied the empirical relationships of the. radon diffusion coefficient with the saturated hydraulic conductivity, the fines content, and the moisture saturation in soil. The results reveal that a reliable determination of the long-term moisture and porosity is essential in the design of an adequate radon barrier with respect to the radon diffusion coefficient.

  4. Scattering from Colloid-Polymer Conjugates with Excluded Volume Effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Xin [ORNL; Sanchez-Diaz, Luis E [ORNL; Smith, Gregory Scott [ORNL; Chen, Wei-Ren [ORNL

    2015-01-01

    This work presents scattering functions of conjugates consisting of a colloid particle and a self-avoiding polymer chain as a model for protein-polymer conjugates and nanoparticle-polymer conjugates in solution. The model is directly derived from the two-point correlation function with the inclusion of excluded volume effects. The dependence of the calculated scattering function on the geometric shape of the colloid and polymer stiffness is investigated. The model is able to describe the experimental scattering signature of the solutions of suspending hard particle-polymer conjugates and provide additional conformational information. This model explicitly elucidates the link between the global conformation of a conjugate and the microstructure of its constituent components.

  5. Radon spectroscopy of packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc claffy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Radon spectroscopy of packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc claffy CAIDA, SDSC techniques, specifically the Radon transform previously applied in geophysics [6] and computer tomography [7

  6. Radon spectroscopy of packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc cla#y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Radon spectroscopy of packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc cla#y CAIDA, SDSC techniques, specifically the Radon transform previously applied in geophysics [6] and computer tomography [7

  7. The Radon Transform on SO(3): A Fourier Slice Theorem and Numerical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestin, Jürgen

    The Radon Transform on SO(3): A Fourier Slice Theorem and Numerical Inversion Ralf Hielscher­dimensional Radon transform on the rotation group SO(3) is an ill posed inverse problem which applies to X inversion of the one­dimensional Radon transform on SO(3). Based on a Fourier slice theorem the discrete

  8. Imaging of structure at and near the core mantle boundary using a generalized radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hilst, Robert Dirk

    Imaging of structure at and near the core mantle boundary using a generalized radon transform: 1 of selected waveforms. Here we construct a generalized radon transform (for heterogeneous, anisotropic elastic radon transform: 1. Construction of image gathers, J. Geophys. Res., 111, B12304, doi:10.1029/2005JB

  9. Radon and Fourier transforms for D-modules Andrea D'Agnolo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Agnolo, Andrea

    Radon and Fourier transforms for D-modules Andrea D'Agnolo and Michael Eastwood Version: July 17, 2002 Contents 1 Radon and Fourier transforms for D-modules 3 1.1 Review on algebraic D-modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.2 Review on the Fourier-Laplace transform . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.3 Review on the Radon

  10. Circular Harmonic Decomposition Approach for Numerical Inversion of Circular Radon Transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louis, Alfred K.

    Circular Harmonic Decomposition Approach for Numerical Inversion of Circular Radon Transforms Gaël@num.uni-sb.de ABSTRACT Numerical inversions via circular harmonic decomposition for two classes of circular Radon transforms are established. The first class deals with the Radon transform (RT) de- fined on circular arcs

  11. Real forms of the Radon-Penrose transform Andrea D'Agnolo Corrado Marastoni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Agnolo, Andrea

    Real forms of the Radon-Penrose transform Andrea D'Agnolo Corrado Marastoni Abstract The complex Radon correspondence relates an n-dimensional projective space with the Grassmann manifold of its p-dimensional planes. This is the geometric background of the Radon-Penrose transform, which intertwines co- homology

  12. DOMESTIC RADON RISKS MAY BE DOMINATED BY BYSTANDER EFFECTS--BUT THE RISKS ARE UNLIKELY TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenner, David Jonathan

    Paper DOMESTIC RADON RISKS MAY BE DOMINATED BY BYSTANDER EFFECTS--BUT THE RISKS ARE UNLIKELY TO BE GREATER THAN WE THOUGHT D. J. Brenner* and R. K. Sachs Abstract--Radon risks derive from exposure are manifestations of the same basic phenomenon. The model was fitted to dose- and dose-rate dependent radon- exposed

  13. EXPONENTIAL RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yazici, Birsen

    EXPONENTIAL RADON TRANSFORM INVERSION BASED ON HARMONIC ANALYSIS OF THE EUCLIDEAN MOTION GROUP Can Engineering Troy, NY ABSTRACT This paper presents a new method for the exponential Radon trans- form inversion based on harmonic analysis of the Euclidean mo- tion group (M(2)). The exponential Radon transform

  14. Radon emanation from brittle fracturing in granites under upper crustal conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Radon emanation from brittle fracturing in granites under upper crustal conditions Aurélien Nicolas CEA, DAM, DIF, Arpajon, France Abstract Radon-222, a radioactive gas naturally produced in the Earth precursor. Here we investigate the effects of mechanical and thermal damage on the radon emanation from

  15. Inversion of the noisy Radon transform on SO(3) by Gabor frames and sparse recovery principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teschke, Gerd

    Inversion of the noisy Radon transform on SO(3) by Gabor frames and sparse recovery principles-dimensional Radon transform on the rotation group SO(3) is an ill-posed inverse problem that can be applied to X to stably approximate the inverse of the noisy Radon transform on SO(3). The proposed approach is composed

  16. Radon-Nikodym theorems for multimeasures in non-separable spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodríguez, José

    Radon-Nikod´ym theorems for multimeasures in non-separable spaces B. Cascales, V. Kadets and J. Rodr´iguez § Dedicated to the memory of Mikhail Kadets Abstract We prove two Radon-Nikod´ym theorems of the Radon-Nikod´ym derivative as well). The main advantage of our results is the absence of any separability

  17. RADON/RIDGELET SIGNATURE FOR IMAGE AUTHENTICATION Zhen Yao Nasir Rajpoot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajpoot, Nasir

    RADON/RIDGELET SIGNATURE FOR IMAGE AUTHENTICATION Zhen Yao Nasir Rajpoot Dept. of Computer Science transform. The signature is extracted from the Radon domain and entropy coded after a 1D wavelet transform- derlying Radon transform plays an essential role in provid- ing such non-separable, directional properties

  18. Sensitivity of LR 115 detectors in hemispherical chambers for radon measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Sensitivity of LR 115 detectors in hemispherical chambers for radon measurements D. Nikezic 1 , F, if the radius is larger than 3 cm, the effects of the deposition fraction of radon progeny will come into effect, which will again introduce uncertainties in radon measurements. For the hemispherical chamber

  19. Numerical simulations of radon as an in situ partitioning tracer for quantifying NAPL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semprini, Lewis

    Numerical simulations of radon as an in situ partitioning tracer for quantifying NAPL contamination­pull partitioning tracer tests using radon-222 to quantify non- aqueous phase liquid contamination. J. Contam. Hydrol. 58, 129­146] of push­pull tests using radon as a naturally occurring partitioning tracer

  20. THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    f i c a t i o n de la Presence de Radon-222 dans les FluidsReport No. 30 THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATERDE82 012616 THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN G O N W T R

  1. Measuring radon flux across active faults: Relevance of excavating and possibility of satellite discharges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klinger, Yann

    Measuring radon flux across active faults: Relevance of excavating and possibility of satellite January 2010 Keywords: Exhalation flux Radon-222 Carbon dioxide Faults Earthquake Trench a b s t r a c on the Xidatan segment of the Kunlun Fault, Qinghai Province, China, using measurement of the radon- 222

  2. Radon-Penrose transform for D-modules Andrea D'Agnolo Pierre Schapira

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schapira, Pierre

    Radon-Penrose transform for D-modules Andrea D'Agnolo Pierre Schapira@ccr.jussieu.fr 1 #12; Radon-Penrose transform for D-modules ffl Proposed running head: Radon-Penrose transform for D-modules ffl Proofs should be sent to: Andrea D

  3. The Radon-Nikodym theorem Article written for the International Encyclopedia for Statistical Sciences (Springer)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantopoulos, Takis

    The Radon-Nikod´ym theorem Article written for the International Encyclopedia for Statistical A F then (A) = 0. The Radon- Nikod´ym theorem states that these exists a µ-integrable function f : R then the µ-measure of the points such that f() = f() equals zero. The function f is called Radon

  4. Journal of Hazardous Materials 132 (2006) 98110 Assessment of environmental radon hazard using human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    2006-01-01

    Journal of Hazardous Materials 132 (2006) 98­110 Assessment of environmental radon hazard using Abstract Radon is a natural radioactive gas derived from geological materials. It has been estimated to assess the health hazard from environmental radon is reviewed. A short history of dosimetric models

  5. Rapid determination of particle velocity from space-time images using the Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cauwenberghs, Gert

    Rapid determination of particle velocity from space-time images using the Radon transform Patrick J an alternative method that makes use of the Radon transform to calculate the velocity of streaming particles. We the velocity that makes use of the Radon transform (Deans 1983; Averbuch et al. 2001), which takes a set

  6. THE RADON TRANSFORM ON Zk MICHELLE R. DEDEO AND ELINOR VELASQUEZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeDeo, Michelle R.

    THE RADON TRANSFORM ON Zk n MICHELLE R. DEDEO AND ELINOR VELASQUEZ SIAM J. DISCRETE MATH. c 2004 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 472­478 Abstract. The Radon transform algorithms. We expect the results to be of use in directional and toroidal time series. Key words. Radon

  7. Inversion of weighted Radon transforms via finite Fourier series weight approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillement, Jean-Pol

    Inversion of weighted Radon transforms via finite Fourier series weight approximations J Moscow, Russia e-mail: novikov@cmap.polytechnique.fr Abstract. We consider weighted Radon transforms approach by numerical examples for the case of the attenuated Radon transforms in the framework

  8. Improved Radon Based Imaging using the Shearlet Transform Glenn R. Easleya, Flavia Colonnab, Demetrio Labatec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labate, Demetrio

    Improved Radon Based Imaging using the Shearlet Transform Glenn R. Easleya, Flavia Colonnab, such as Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), can be described mathematically as col- lecting data in a Radon transform domain. The process of inverting the Radon transform to form an image can be unstable when the data

  9. Radon spectroscopy of inter-packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc claffy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at San Diego, University of

    Radon spectroscopy of inter-packet delay Andre Broido, Ryan King, Evi Nemeth, kc claffy CAIDA, San is then converted by a coarse- grained Radon transform to a family of 1D marginals. Each marginal has semantics it closest to a delta function. As an application of Radon transform technique, we de- termine the target

  10. Retrospective radon progeny measurements through measurements of 210 activities on glass objects using stacked LR 115 detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    Retrospective radon progeny measurements through measurements of 210 Po activities on glass objects 2 September 2008 PACS: 29.40 23.60 Keywords: Radon Radon progeny 210 Po Implantation Retrospective for determining 210 Po activity in glass surfaces after deposition of short-lived radon progeny. The sensitivities

  11. Multi-parametric approach towards the assessment of radon and thoron progeny exposures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Rosaline E-mail: rosaline.mishra@gmail.com; Sapra, B. K.; Mayya, Y. S.

    2014-02-15

    Conventionally, the dosimetry is carried out using radon and thoron gas concentration measurements and doses have been assigned using assumed equilibrium factors for the progeny species, which is inadequate pertaining to the variations in equilibrium factors and possibly due to significant thoron. In fact, since the true exposures depend upon the intricate mechanisms of progeny deposition in the lung, therefore an integrated approach for the assessment of progeny is essential. In this context, the recently developed deposition based progeny concentration measurement techniques (DTPS: Direct Thoron progeny sensors and DRPS: Direct Radon progeny sensors) appear to be best suited for radiological risk assessments both among occupational workers and general study populations. DTPS and DRPS consist of aluminized mylar mounted LR115 type passive detectors, which essentially detects the alpha particles emitted from the deposited progeny atoms on the detector surface. It gives direct measure of progeny activity concentrations in air. DTPS has a lower limit of detection limit of 0.1?Bq/m{sup 3} whereas that for DRPS is 1 Bq/m{sup 3}, hence are perfectly suitable for indoor environments. These DTPS and DRPS can be capped with 200-mesh type wire-screen to measure the coarse fraction of the progeny concentration and the corresponding coarse fraction deposition velocities as well as the time integrated fine fraction. DTPS and DRPS can also be lodged in an integrated sampler wherein the wire-mesh and filter-paper are arranged in an array in flow-mode, to measure the fine and coarse fraction concentration separately and simultaneously. The details are further discussed in the paper.

  12. Simulation of background from low-level tritium and radon emanation in the KATRIN spectrometers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leiber, B. [Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)] [Institute for Nuclear Physics (IKP), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Collaboration: KATRIN Collaboration

    2013-08-08

    The KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment is a large-scale experiment for the model independent determination of the mass of electron anti-neutrinos with a sensitivity of 200 meV/c{sup 2}. It investigates the kinematics of electrons from tritium beta decay close to the endpoint of the energy spectrum at 18.6 keV. To achieve a good signal to background ratio at the endpoint, a low background rate below 10{sup ?2} counts per second is required. The KATRIN setup thus consists of a high luminosity windowless gaseous tritium source (WGTS), a magnetic electron transport system with differential and cryogenic pumping for tritium retention, and electro-static retarding spectrometers (pre-spectrometer and main spectrometer) for energy analysis, followed by a segmented detector system for counting transmitted beta-electrons. A major source of background comes from magnetically trapped electrons in the main spectrometer (vacuum vessel: 1240 m{sup 3}, 10{sup ?11} mbar) produced by nuclear decays in the magnetic flux tube of the spectrometer. Major contributions are expected from short-lived radon isotopes and tritium. Primary electrons, originating from these decays, can be trapped for hours, until having lost almost all their energy through inelastic scattering on residual gas particles. Depending on the initial energy of the primary electron, up to hundreds of low energetic secondary electrons can be produced. Leaving the spectrometer, these electrons will contribute to the background rate. This contribution describes results from simulations for the various background sources. Decays of {sup 219}Rn, emanating from the main vacuum pump, and tritium from the WGTS that reaches the spectrometers are expected to account for most of the background. As a result of the radon alpha decay, electrons are emitted through various processes, such as shake-off, internal conversion and the Auger deexcitations. The corresponding simulations were done using the KASSIOPEIA framework, which has been developed for the KATRIN experiment for low-energy electron tracking, field calculation and detector simulation. The results of the simulations have been used to optimize the design parameters of the vacuum system with regard to radon emanation and tritium pumping, in order to reach the stringent requirements of the neutrino mass measurement.

  13. Alpha Particle Diagnostic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, Ray, K.

    2009-05-13

    The study of burning plasmas is the next frontier in fusion energy research, and will be a major objective of the U.S. fusion program through U.S. collaboration with our international partners on the ITER Project. For DT magnetic fusion to be useful for energy production, it is essential that the energetic alpha particles produced by the fusion reactions be confined long enough to deposit a significant fraction of their initial ~3.5 MeV energy in the plasma before they are lost. Development of diagnostics to study the behavior of energetic confined alpha particles is a very important if not essential part of burning plasma research. Despite the clear need for these measurements, development of diagnostics to study confined the fast confined alphas to date has proven extremely difficult, and the available techniques remain for the most part unproven and with significant uncertainties. Research under this grant had the goal of developing diagnostics of fast confined alphas, primarily based on measurements of the neutron and ion tails resulting from alpha particle knock-on collisions with the plasma deuterium and tritium fuel ions. One of the strengths of this approach is the ability to measure the alphas in the hot plasma core where the interesting ignition physics will occur.

  14. Multilinear generalized Radon transforms and point configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grafakos, Loukas; Iosevich, Alex; Palsson, Eyvindur

    2012-01-01

    We study multilinear generalized Radon transforms using a graph-theoretic paradigm that includes the widely studied linear case. These provide a general mechanism to study Falconer-type problems involving $(k+1)$-point configurations in geometric measure theory, with $k \\ge 2$, including the distribution of simplices, volumes and angles determined by the points of fractal subsets $E \\subset {\\Bbb R}^d$, $d \\ge 2$. If $T_k(E)$ denotes the set of noncongruent $(k+1)$-point configurations determined by $E$, we show that if the Hausdorff dimension of $E$ is greater than $d-\\frac{d-1}{2k}$, then the ${k+1 \\choose 2}$-dimensional Lebesgue measure of $T_k(E)$ is positive. This compliments previous work on the Falconer conjecture (\\cite{Erd05} and the references there), as well as work on finite point configurations \\cite{EHI11,GI10}. We also give applications to Erd\\"os-type problems in discrete geometry and a fractal regular value theorem, providing a multilinear framework for the results in \\cite{EIT11}.

  15. Modeling surface backgrounds from radon progeny plate-out

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perumpilly, G.; Guiseppe, V. E.; Snyder, N. [University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 (United States)] [University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069 (United States)

    2013-08-08

    The next generation low-background detectors operating deep underground aim for unprecedented low levels of radioactive backgrounds. The surface deposition and subsequent implantation of radon progeny in detector materials will be a source of energetic background events. We investigate Monte Carlo and model-based simulations to understand the surface implantation profile of radon progeny. Depending on the material and region of interest of a rare event search, these partial energy depositions can be problematic. Motivated by the use of Ge crystals for the detection of neutrinoless double-beta decay, we wish to understand the detector response of surface backgrounds from radon progeny. We look at the simulation of surface decays using a validated implantation distribution based on nuclear recoils and a realistic surface texture. Results of the simulations and measured ? spectra are presented.

  16. Portable apparatus for the measurement of environmental radon and thoron

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Negro, Vincent C. (New Hyde Park, NY)

    2001-01-01

    The radometer is a portable instrument for the measurement of the concentration of atmospheric radon/thoron in a test area. A constant velocity pump pulls the air from the outside at a constant flow rate. If the air is too moist, some or all of the sample is passed through a desiccant filter prior to encountering an electrostatic filter. The electrostatic filter prevents any charged particles from entering the sampling chamber. Once the sample has entered the chamber, the progeny of the decay of radon/thoron are collected on a detector and measured. The measured data is compiled by a computer and displayed.

  17. Dennis, Eberhart, Dulikravich & Radons FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION OF COOLING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennis, Brian

    1 Dennis, Eberhart, Dulikravich & Radons FINITE ELEMENT SIMULATION OF COOLING OF REALISTIC 3-D Rapid cooling of the brain in the first minutes following the onset of cerebral ischemia is a potentially attractive preservation method. This computer modeling study was undertaken to examine brain-cooling

  18. REGULARIZATION FOR INVERTING THE RADON TRANSFORM WITH WEDGE CONSIDERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as missing wedge. We show that a regularization that penalizes non-uniformly in the orientation space produces re- constructions with less artifacts, thereby improving the recov- ery of the "invisible" edges distribution of an object from its (noisy) projections, and it is mathemati- cally related to the Radon

  19. Radon transform and kinetic equations in tomographic representation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. N. Chernega; V. I. Man'ko; B. I. Sadovnikov

    2009-11-01

    Statistical properties of classical random process are considered in tomographic representation. The Radon integral transform is used to construct the tomographic form of kinetic equations. Relation of probability density on phase space for classical systems with tomographic probability distributions is elucidated. Examples of simple kinetic equations like Liouville equations for one and many particles are studied in detail.

  20. Small Sample Radon Testing of Homes in East Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, J. G.

    1990-01-01

    This paper covers the results of small sample radon testing of homes in East Texas. The program was voluntary and participation was offered to a group of technical personnel involved in thc HVAC industry. Response was smaller than expected. The only...

  1. Discovery of the astatine, radon, francium, and radium isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Fry; M. Thoennessen

    2012-05-26

    Currently, thirty-nine astatine, thirty-nine radon, thirty-five francium, and thirty-four radium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  2. Construction and Measurements of an Improved Vacuum-Swing-Adsorption Radon-Mitigation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Street, J; Dunagan, C; Loose, X; Schnee, R W; Stark, M; Sundarnath, K; Tronstad, D

    2015-01-01

    In order to reduce backgrounds from radon-daughter plate-out onto detector surfaces, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom is being commissioned at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. An improved vacuum-swing-adsorption radon mitigation system and cleanroom build upon a previous design implemented at Syracuse University that achieved radon levels of $\\sim$0.2$\\,$Bq$\\,$m$^{-3}$. This improved system will employ a better pump and larger carbon beds feeding a redesigned cleanroom with an internal HVAC unit and aged water for humidification. With the rebuilt (original) radon mitigation system, the new low-radon cleanroom has already achieved a $>$$\\,$300$\\times$ reduction from an input activity of $58.6\\pm0.7$$\\,$Bq$\\,$m$^{-3}$ to a cleanroom activity of $0.13\\pm0.06$$\\,$Bq$\\,$m$^{-3}$.

  3. Construction and Measurements of an Improved Vacuum-Swing-Adsorption Radon-Mitigation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Street; R. Bunker; C. Dunagan; X. Loose; R. W. Schnee; M. Stark; K. Sundarnath; D. Tronstad

    2015-06-02

    In order to reduce backgrounds from radon-daughter plate-out onto detector surfaces, an ultra-low-radon cleanroom is being commissioned at the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology. An improved vacuum-swing-adsorption radon mitigation system and cleanroom build upon a previous design implemented at Syracuse University that achieved radon levels of $\\sim$0.2$\\,$Bq$\\,$m$^{-3}$. This improved system will employ a better pump and larger carbon beds feeding a redesigned cleanroom with an internal HVAC unit and aged water for humidification. With the rebuilt (original) radon mitigation system, the new low-radon cleanroom has already achieved a $>$$\\,$300$\\times$ reduction from an input activity of $58.6\\pm0.7$$\\,$Bq$\\,$m$^{-3}$ to a cleanroom activity of $0.13\\pm0.06$$\\,$Bq$\\,$m$^{-3}$.

  4. Recommended Procedures for Measuring Radon Fluxes from Disposal Sites of Residual Radioactive Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young,, J. A.; Thomas, V. W.; Jackson, P. 0.

    1983-03-01

    This report recornmenrls instrumentation and methods suitable for measuring radon fluxes emanating from covered disposal sites of residual radioactive materials such as uranium mill tailings. Problems of spatial and temporal variations in radon flux are discussed and the advantages and disadvantages of several instruments are examined. A year-long measurement program and a two rnonth measurement rnethodology are then presented based on the inherent difficulties of measuring average radon flux over a cover using the recommended instrumentation.

  5. Radon and Fourier transforms for Dmodules Andrea D'Agnolo and Michael Eastwood

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radon and Fourier transforms for D­modules Andrea D'Agnolo and Michael Eastwood Contents Introduction 2 Acknowledgements 2 1. Radon and Fourier transforms for D­modules 3 1.1. Review on algebraic D­modules 3 1.2. Review on the Fourier­Laplace transform 5 1.3. Review on the Radon transform(s) 6 1.4. Review

  6. 3.3. Radon's and Helly's Theorems 67 with > 0. Thus, we have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallier, Jean

    3.3. Radon's and Helly's Theorems 67 with µ > 0. Thus, we have iI µi µ Oxi = jJ - µj µ Oxj, with i is nonempty. Proof . The proof is by induction on n m+1 and uses Radon's theorem in the induction step. For n, we can pick a set X = {a1, . . . , an+1} such that ai Ci, for every i L. By Radon's Theorem

  7. On the injectivity of the circular Radon transform arising in thermoacoustic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the injectivity of the circular Radon transform arising in thermoacoustic tomography Gaik, thermoacoustic tomogra­ phy (TAT or TCT) and its sibling photoacoustic tomography (PAT) have already made

  8. Analysis of volatile phase transport in soils using natural radon gas as a tracer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.; Thomas, D.M.

    1992-12-31

    We have conducted a field study of soil gas transport processes using radon gas as a naturally occurring tracer. The .experiment monitored soil gas radon activity, soil moisture, and soil temperature at three depths in the shallow soil column; barometric pressure, rainfall and wind speed were monitored at the soil surface. Linear and multiple regression analysis of the data sets has shown that the gas phase radon activities under natural environmental conditions are influenced by soil moisture content, barometric pressure variations, soil temperature and soil structure. The effect of wind speed on subsurface radon activities under our field conditions has not been demonstrated.

  9. Analysis of volatile phase transport in soils using natural radon gas as a tracer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, C.; Thomas, D.M.

    1992-01-01

    We have conducted a field study of soil gas transport processes using radon gas as a naturally occurring tracer. The .experiment monitored soil gas radon activity, soil moisture, and soil temperature at three depths in the shallow soil column; barometric pressure, rainfall and wind speed were monitored at the soil surface. Linear and multiple regression analysis of the data sets has shown that the gas phase radon activities under natural environmental conditions are influenced by soil moisture content, barometric pressure variations, soil temperature and soil structure. The effect of wind speed on subsurface radon activities under our field conditions has not been demonstrated.

  10. End point estimates for Radon transform of radial functions on Non-Euclidean spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ashisha

    2012-01-01

    We prove end point estimate for Radon transform of radial functions on affine Grasamannian and real hyperbolic space. We also discuss analogs of these results on the sphere.

  11. Radon induced surface contaminations in low background experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pattavina, L. [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, I-67010 Assergi (AQ) (Italy)] [INFN - Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, I-67010 Assergi (AQ) (Italy)

    2013-08-08

    In neutrinoless double-beta decay and dark matter searches, one of the main issues is to increase the experimental sensitivity through careful material selection and production, minimizing the background contributions. In order to achieve the required, extremely low, counting rates, very stringent requirements must be fulfilled in terms of bulk material radiopurity. As the experimental sensitivity increases, the bulk impurities in the detector components decrease, and surface contaminations start to play an increasingly significant role In fully active detectors, like cryogenic particle detectors, surface contaminations are a critical issue (as shown by the CUORICINO experiment). {sup 222}Rn is by far the most intense source of airborne radioactivity, and if a radio-pure material is exposed to environment where the Radon concentration is not minimized, {sup 210}Pb and {sup 210}Po contaminations can occur. The mechanisms and the dynamics of Radon-induced surface contaminations are reviewed, and specific solutions to prevent and to reject the induced background are presented.

  12. Experiments to Find or Exclude a Long-Lived, Light Gluino

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glennys R. Farrar

    1994-10-28

    Gluinos in the mass range ~1 1/2 - 3 1/2 GeV are absolutely excluded. Lighter gluinos are allowed, except for certain ranges of lifetime. Only small parts of the mass-lifetime parameter space are excluded for larger masses unless the lifetime is shorter than ~ 2 10^{-11} (m_{gluino}/ GeV) sec. Refined mass and lifetime estimates for R-hadrons are given, present direct and indirect experimental constraints are reviewed, and experiments to find or definitively exclude these possibilities are suggested.

  13. Abstract--In this work, we first introduced a reorganized form of the Novikov's inversion formula for the attenuated Radon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the attenuated Radon transform with parallel-beam geometry which utilizes the conventional filters (such the attenuated Radon transform (AtRT). A closed- form inversion formula for parallel-beam (PB) geometry

  14. Comparison of Ambient Radon Concentrations in Air in the Northern Mojave Desert from Continuous and Integrating Instruments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David S. Shafer; David McGraw; Lynn H. Karr; Greg McCurdy; Tammy L. Kluesner; Karen J. Gray; Jeffrey Tappen

    2010-05-18

    As part of a program to characterize and baseline environmental parameters, ambient radon-222 (Rn) monitoring was conducted in the rural community of Amargosa Valley, NV, the closest community to Yucca Mountain. Passive integrating and continuous Rn monitoring instruments were deployed adjacent to the Community Environmental Monitoring Program (CEMP) station in Amargosa Valley. The CEMP station provided real-time ambient gamma exposure and meteorological data used to correct the integrated Rn measurements, verified the meteorological data collected by the continuous Rn monitoring instrument, and for provided instrumentation for evaluating the relationships between meteorological conditions and Rn concentrations. Hourly Rn concentrations in air measured by the continuous Rn monitoring instrument (AlphaGUARD®) were compared to the average hourly values for the integrating Rn measurements (E-PERM®) by dividing the total Rn measurements by the number of hours the instruments were deployed. The results of the comparison indicated that average hourly ambient Rn concentrations as measured by both methods ranged from 0.2 to 0.4 pico-curies per liter of air. Ambient Rn values for the AlphaGUARD exhibited diurnal variations. When Rn concentrations were compared with measurements of temperature (T), barometric pressure, and relative humidity, the correlation (inversely) was highest with T, albeit weakly.

  15. UMBC's Non-exempt Excluded Staff Senate (NESS) 2013-2014 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suri, Manil

    UMBC's Non-exempt Excluded Staff Senate (NESS) 2013-2014 SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION UMBC students are eligible to apply for a UMBC Bookstore scholarship in the amount of $500 from NESS. To qualify, applicants

  16. Surface alpha clustering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rotter, I.

    1983-05-01

    The problem of alpha decay is discussed on the basis of a theory which describes discrete and continuous states in a unified manner. A formula for numerical calculations is given in which configurational mixing as well as channel coupling is taken into account. The R-matrix approximation is shown to be justified if the width is spread over a small number of decay channels. Generally, renormalization of the wave function is necessary if a factorization of the width is assumed. The importance of channel coupling for the case of a small reduced width is discussed.

  17. Alpha track density using a semiconductor detector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Ian Scott

    1993-01-01

    of factors including variation in the initial dielectric thickness, and other undefined parameters. In addition, the resultant radon concentration reading is dependent upon the calibration factor used to interpret the track density reading. Obtaining...

  18. 2 Imaging of structure at and near the core-mantle 3 boundary using a generalized radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hilst, Robert Dirk

    2 Imaging of structure at and near the core-mantle 3 boundary using a generalized radon transform. The first part describes the generalized radon transform 11 (GRT) of broadband ScS data (comprising main Hilst (2007), Imaging of structure at and near the core- 34 mantle boundary using a generalized radon

  19. Discrete Radon transform has an exact, fast inverse and generalizes to operations other than sums along lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Press, William H.

    Discrete Radon transform has an exact, fast inverse and generalizes to operations other than sums¨otz, Druckm¨uller, and independently Brady have defined a discrete Radon transform (DRT) that sums an image-to-noise in the presence of pointlike clutter features of arbitrarily large amplitude. Radon transform | computerized

  20. MEJORAMIENTO DE ONDAS INTERNAS EN IMGENES SAR USANDO, EN FORMA COMBINADA, LAS TRANSFORMADAS RADON Y WAVELETS (1-D)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernández-Walls, Rafael

    MEJORAMIENTO DE ONDAS INTERNAS EN IMÁGENES SAR USANDO, EN FORMA COMBINADA, LAS TRANSFORMADAS RADON este trabajo estamos proponiendo el uso combinado de las transformadas RADON y WAVELETS (1-D) para contengan islas o parte de la costa. Palabras clave--Imagen de radar, Ondas internas, Transformada Radon

  1. RaDON --Repair and Diagnosis in Ontology Networks Qiu Ji, Peter Haase, Guilin Qi, Pascal Hitzler, Steffen Stadtmuller

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hitzler, Pascal

    RaDON -- Repair and Diagnosis in Ontology Networks Qiu Ji, Peter Haase, Guilin Qi, Pascal Hitzler by integrating multiple distributed ontologies. Our RaDON system pro- vides functionalities to repair ontologies. To meet the above mentioned needs, we develop the RaDON system to repair and diagnose not only

  2. A study of the polyethylene membrane used in diffusion chambers for radon gas concentration measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    A study of the polyethylene membrane used in diffusion chambers for radon gas concentration. Thoron can also be deterred from entering the diffusion chamber by using a polyethylene (PE) membrane rights reserved. PACS: 29.40; 23.60 Keywords: Diffusion chamber; Polyethylene membrane; Radon and thoron

  3. KILLING OF TARGET CELLS DUE TO RADON PROGENY IN THE HUMAN LUNG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    KILLING OF TARGET CELLS DUE TO RADON PROGENY IN THE HUMAN LUNG B. M. F. Lau1 , D. Nikezic1,2 and K to inhaled radon progeny in the human lung. The present work uses the microdosimetric approach and determines/alleviate this discrepancy, including those based on different lung morpho- metry models(4) , different ethnic groups(5

  4. Tensor products of AC charges and AC Radon measures are not always AC charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buczolich, Zoltán

    Tensor products of AC #3; charges and AC Radon measures are not always AC #3; charges Zolt#19;an and an absolutely continuous Radon measure #22; on R such that F #22; is not an AC#3; charge on R 2 . 1 Introduction In [1] the tensor problem was stated for the tensor product of AC #3; charges and the Lebesgue

  5. Seismic imaging with the generalized Radon transform: A curvelet transform perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhlmann, Gunther

    Seismic imaging with the generalized Radon transform: A curvelet transform perspective M V de Hoop1@purdue.edu Abstract. A key challenge in the seismic imaging of reflectors using surface reflection data Endowed Professorship. #12;Generalized Radon Transform and Curvelets 2 1. Introduction 1.1. Seismic

  6. Indoor Radon and Its Decay Products: Concentrations, Causes, and Control Strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nero, A.V.; Gadgil, A.J.; Nazaroff, W.W.; Revzan, K.L.

    1990-01-01

    This report is an introduction to the behavior of radon 222 and its decay products in indoor air. This includes review of basic characteristics of radon and its decay products and of features of the indoor environment itself, all of which factors affect behavior in indoor air. The experimental and theoretical evidence on behavior of radon and its decay products is examined, providing a basis for understanding the influence of geological, structural, and meteorological factors on indoor concentrations, as well as the effectiveness of control techniques. We go on to examine three important issues concerning indoor radon. We thus include (1) an appraisal of the concentration distribution in homes, (2) an examination of the utility and limitations of popular monitoring techniques and protocols, and (3) an assessment of the key elements of strategies for controlling radon levels in homes.

  7. Study on radon and radium concentrations in drinking water in west region of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forozani, Ghasem

    2011-01-01

    One of the most important characterizations of social health is existence the availability of safe drinking water. Since one of the sources of water contamination is nuclear contamination from radon gas, so in this research radon 222 concentration levels in water supplies in the Toyserkan (a region located in the west of Iran) is investigated. For measuring radon gas in water wells and springs Lucas chamber method is used. Review the results of these measurements that taken from 15th place show that, only five sites have radon concentrations above the limit dose. To reduce radon concentration, it is better to keep water in open pools in contact with air before the water is delivered to users.

  8. Characterization of the radon source in North-Central Florida. Final report part 1 -- Final project report; Final report part 2 -- Technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    This report contains two separate parts: Characterization of the Radon Source in North-Central Florida (final report part 1 -- final project report); and Characterization of the Radon Source in North-Central Florida (technical report). The objectives were to characterize the radon 222 source in a region having a demonstrated elevated indoor radon potential and having geology, lithology, and climate that are different from those in other regions of the U.S. where radon is being studied. Radon availability and transport in this region were described. Approaches for predicting the radon potential of lands in this region were developed.

  9. RADON PROGENY AS AN EXPERIMENTAL TOOL FOR DOSIMETRY OF NANOAEROSOLS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruzer, Lev; Ruzer, Lev S.; Apte, Michael G.

    2008-02-25

    The study of aerosol exposure and dosimetry measurements and related quantitation of health effects are important to the understanding of the consequences of air pollution, and are discussed widely in the scientific literature. During the last 10 years the need to correlate aerosol exposure and biological effects has become especially important due to rapid development of a new, revolutionary industry ?-- nanotechnology. Nanoproduct commerce is predicted to top $1 trillion by 2015. Quantitative assessment of aerosol particle behavior in air and in lung deposition, and dosimetry in different parts of the lung, particularly for nanoaerosols, remains poor despite several decades of study. Direct measurements on humans are still needed in order to validate the hollow cast, animal studies, and lung deposition modeling. We discuss here the use of nanoscale radon decay products as an experimental tool in the study of local deposition and lung dosimetry for nanoaerosols. The issue of the safe use of radon progeny in such measurements is discussed based on a comparison of measured exposure in 3 settings: general population, miners, and in a human experiment conducted at the Paul Scherer Institute (PSI) in Switzerland. One of the properties of radon progeny is that they consist partly of 1 nm radioactive particles called unattached activity; having extremely small size and high diffusion coefficients, these particles can be potentially useful as radioactive tracers in the study of nanometer-sized aerosols. We present a theoretical and experimental study of the correlation between the unattached activity and aerosol particle surface area, together with a description of its calibration and method for measurement of the unattached fraction.

  10. Inversion formulas for the broken-ray Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucia Florescu; Vadim A. Markel; John C. Schotland

    2010-07-23

    We consider the inverse problem of the broken ray transform (sometimes also referred to as the V-line transform). Explicit image reconstruction formulas are derived and tested numerically. The obtained formulas are generalizations of the filtered backprojection formula of the conventional Radon transform. The advantages of the broken ray transform include the possibility to reconstruct the absorption and the scattering coefficients of the medium simultaneously and the possibility to utilize scattered radiation which, in the case of the conventional X-ray tomography, is typically discarded.

  11. Range descriptions for the spherical mean Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Agranovsky; P. Kuchment; E. T. Quinto

    2006-09-02

    The transform considered in the paper averages a function supported in a ball in $\\RR^n$ over all spheres centered at the boundary of the ball. This Radon type transform arises in several contemporary applications, e.g. in thermoacoustic tomography and sonar and radar imaging. Range descriptions for such transforms are important in all these areas, for instance when dealing with incomplete data, error correction, and other issues. Four different types of complete range descriptions are provided, some of which also suggest inversion procedures. Necessity of three of these (appropriately formulated) conditions holds also in general domains, while the complete discussion of the case of general domains would require another publication.

  12. ARM - Field Campaign - Radon Measurements of Atmospheric Mixing (RAMIX

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach HomeA Better Anode Design togovCampaignsMASRAD: Pt.CampaignSTations2008) govCampaignsRadon

  13. A generic biokinetic model for noble gases with application to radon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leggett, Richard Wayne; Marsh, James; Gregoratto, Demetrio; Blanchardon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    The International Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP) currently uses a dose conversion coefficient to calculate effective dose per unit exposure to radon and its progeny. The coefficient is derived by dividing the detriment associated with unit exposure to radon, as estimated from epidemiological studies, by the detriment per unit effective dose, as estimated mainly from atomic bomb survivor data and animal studies. In a recent statement the ICRP indicated that future guidance on exposure to radon and its progeny will be developed in the same way as guidance for any other radionuclide. That is, intake of radon and progeny will be limited on the basis of effective dose coefficients derived from biokinetic and dosimetric models. This paper proposes a biokinetic model for systemic (absorbed) radon for use in the calculation of dose coefficients for inhaled or ingested radon. The model is based largely on physical laws governing transfer of a non-reactive and soluble gas between materials. Model predictions are shown to be consistent with results of controlled studies of the fate of internally deposited radon in human subjects.

  14. MINI FACT BOOK FACULTY (Excluding UMMC), 2012-2013FIVE YEAR NEW TRANSFER TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchumper, Gregory S.

    2012-2013 MINI FACT BOOK FACULTY (Excluding UMMC), 2012-2013FIVE YEAR NEW TRANSFER TRENDS Total Engineering Journalism Liberal Arts Pharmacy Law Other Library* Full-Time 798 (91.2%) 336 (88.0%) 462 (93 na 25 582 87 na 48 na ENROLLMENT, FALL 2012-2013 FIVE YEAR ENROLLMENT TRENDS RETENTION AND GRADUATION

  15. Using Outage History to Exclude High-Risk Satellites from GBAS Corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Using Outage History to Exclude High-Risk Satellites from GBAS Corrections Sam Pullen and Per Enge this assumption. A study of unscheduled GPS satellite outages from 1999 to present shows that, as expected, older experienced unscheduled outages are more likely to suffer additional unscheduled outages. Combining these two

  16. Using Outage History to Exclude High-Risk Satellites from GBAS Corrections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    Using Outage History to Exclude High-Risk Satellites from GBAS Corrections SAM PULLEN and PER ENGE constellation are not expected to violate this assumption. A study of unscheduled GPS satellite outages from. In addition, satellites that have recently experienced unscheduled outages are more likely to suffer

  17. Should genes with missing data be excluded from phylogenetic Wei Jiang a,b,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiens, John J.

    their studies to maximize the number of genes included but minimize the overall amount of missing data. However genes). Detailed analyses suggest that adding incom- plete genes is especially helpful for resolving taxa and genes are deliberately excluded in order to avoid them. For example, the issue of missing data

  18. PATIENT REGISTRATION ONTO A CLINICAL TRIAL AND PROCEDURE FOR CHARGING PIC SERVICES (EXCLUDES CRC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    PATIENT REGISTRATION ONTO A CLINICAL TRIAL AND PROCEDURE FOR CHARGING PIC SERVICES (EXCLUDES CRC to OCTR Patient visit that produces Protocol Induced Costs PIC 1. Coordinator will complete voucher, including research label "" and case number, documenting PIC associated with the visit 2. Voucher containing

  19. ALPHA-PARTICLE RADIOBIOLOGICAL EXPERIMENTS USING THIN CR-39 DETECTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    sterilisation. For alpha-particle radiobiological experiments, it is easier to quantify the alpha energies

  20. Generalized splines for Radon transform on compact Lie groups with applications to crystallography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanhild Bernstein; Svend Ebert; Isaac Z. Pesenson

    2012-04-27

    The Radon transform Rf of functions f on SO(3) has recently been applied extensively in texture analysis, i.e. the analysis of preferred crystallographic orientation. In practice one has to determine the orientation probability density function f \\in L2(SO(3)) from Rf \\in L2(S2\\times S2) which is known only on a discrete set of points. Since one has only partial information about Rf the inversion of the Radon transform becomes an ill-posed inverse problem. Motivated by this problem we define a new notion of the Radon transform Rf of functions f on general compact Lie groups and introduce two approximate inversion algorithms which utilize our previously developed generalized variational splines on manifolds. Our new algorithms fit very well to the application of Radon transform on SO(3) to texture analysis.

  1. Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Novikov

    2011-01-17

    We describe all weighted Radon transforms on the plane for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise. Some subsequent results, including the Cormack type inversion for these transforms, are also given.

  2. Imaging of structure at and near the core mantle boundary using a generalized radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Ping, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    In this thesis, concepts from inverse scattering and modem statistics are combined into a powerful tool for imaging interfaces in Earth's deep interior. Specially, a generalized Radon transform (GRT) approach is developed ...

  3. A METHOD FOR MEASURING THE EXHALATION OF RADON FROM BUILDING MATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingersoll, J.G.

    2010-01-01

    per minute emitted by 1 pCi of radon and its daughters inat start of collection (pCi) This equation assumes thatof calibrating ing 20.7 pCi of radium. approximately 20

  4. Development and application of the scintillation flask technique for the measurement of indoor radon-222 concentrations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Gerard Michael

    1986-01-01

    Collection . Sample Counting . Data Reduction Flask Storage . Inadequacies of the Scintillation Flask Technique RESULTS Results of Flask Calibrations Suessary of Campus Results Location of Higher Radon Levels DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS Calibration...-222 Concentration versus Time . 32 INTRODUCTION The potential health effects of Rn-222 and its daughters have been a major concern for several years. Radon-222, a daughter of Ra-226, is a naturally occurring, radioactive, noble gas with a 3. 8 day...

  5. Variation in the annual average radon concentration measured in homes in Mesa County, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rood, A.S.; George, J.L.; Langner, G.H. Jr.

    1990-04-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the variability in the annual average indoor radon concentration. The TMC has been collecting annual average radon data for the past 5 years in 33 residential structures in Mesa County, Colorado. This report is an interim report that presents the data collected up to the present. Currently, the plans are to continue this study in the future. 62 refs., 3 figs., 12 tabs.

  6. Study of temporal variation of radon concentrations in public drinking water supplies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    York, E.L. [Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States). Dept. of Environmental Sciences and Engineering

    1995-12-31

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has proposed a Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) for radon-222 in public drinking water supplies of 300 pCi/L. Proposed monitoring requirements include collecting quarterly grab samples for the first year, then annual samples for the remainder of the compliance cycle provided first year quarterly samples average below the MCL. The focus of this research was to study the temporal variation of groundwater radon concentrations to investigate how reliably one can predict an annual average radon concentration based on the results of grab samples. Using a {open_quotes}slow-flow{close_quotes} collection method and liquid scintillation analysis, biweekly water samples were taken from ten public water supply wells in North Carolina (6 month - 11 month sampling periods). Based on study results, temporal variations exist in groundwater radon concentrations. Statistical analysis performed on the data indicates that grab samples taken from each of the ten wells during the study period would exhibit groundwater radon concentrations within 30% of their average radon concentration.

  7. Industrial Technology of Decontamination of Liquid Radioactive Waste in SUE MosSIA 'Radon' - 12371

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adamovich, Dmitry V.; Neveykin, Petr P.; Karlin, Yuri V.; Savkin, Alexander E. [SUE MosSIA 'Radon', 7th Rostovsky lane 2/14, Moscow 119121 (Russian Federation)

    2012-07-01

    SUE MosSIA 'RADON' - this enterprise was created more than 50 years ago, which deals with the recycling of radioactive waste and conditioning of spent sources of radiation in stationary and mobile systems in the own factory and operating organizations. Here is represented the experience SUE MosSIA 'Radon' in the field of the management with liquid radioactive waste. It's shown, that the activity of SUE MosSIA 'RADON' is developing in three directions - improvement of technical facilities for treatment of radioactive waters into SUE MosSIA 'RADON' development of mobile equipment for the decontamination of radioactive waters in other organizations, development of new technologies for decontamination of liquid radioactive wastes as part of various domestic Russian and international projects including those related to the operation of nuclear power and nuclear submarines. SUE MosSIA 'RADON' has processed more than 270 thousand m{sup 3} of radioactive water, at that more than 7000 m{sup 3} in other organizations for more than 50 years. It is shown that a number of directions, particularly, the development of mobile modular units for decontamination of liquid radioactive waste, SUE MosSIA 'RADON' is a leader in the world. (authors)

  8. The ORNL Indoor Air Quality Study: Re-cap, Context, and Assessment on Radon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward; Rose, Erin M.; Ternes, Mark P.

    2015-10-01

    As part of the retrospective evaluation of the U.S. Department of Energy s low-income Weatherization Assistance Program that was led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), an assessment of the impacts of weatherization on indoor air quality (IAQ) was conducted. This assessment included nearly 500 treatment and control homes across the country. Homes were monitored for carbon monoxide, radon, formaldehyde, temperature and humidity pre- and post-weatherization. This report focuses on the topic of radon and addresses issues not thoroughly discussed in the original IAQ report. The size, scope and rigor of the radon component of the IAQ study are compared to previous studies that assessed the impacts of weatherization on indoor radon levels. It is found that the ORNL study is by far the most extensive study conducted to date, though the ORNL results are consistent with the findings of the other studies. However, the study does have limitations related to its reliance on short-term measurements of radon and inability to attribute changes in radon levels in homes post-weatherization to specific weatherization measures individually or in combination.

  9. Radon in the DRIFT-II directional dark matter TPC: emanation, detection and mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battat, J B R; Daw, E; Dorofeev, A; Ezeribe, A C; Fox, J R; Gauvreau, J -L; Gold, M; Harmon, L J; Harton, J L; Landers, J M; Lee, E R; Loomba, D; Matthews, J A J; Miller, E H; Monte, A; Murphy, A StJ; Paling, S M; Phan, N; Pipe, M; Robinson, M; Sadler, S W; Scarff, A; Snowden-Ifft, D P; Spooner, N J C; Telfer, S; Walker, D; Warner, D; Yuriev, L

    2014-01-01

    Radon gas emanating from materials is of interest in environmental science and also a major concern in rare event non-accelerator particle physics experiments such as dark matter and double beta decay searches, where it is a major source of background. Notable for dark matter experiments is the production of radon progeny recoils (RPRs), the low energy (~100 keV) recoils of radon daughter isotopes, which can mimic the signal expected from WIMP interactions. Presented here are results of measurements of radon emanation from detector materials in the 1 metre cubed DRIFT-II directional dark matter gas time projection chamber experiment. Construction and operation of a radon emanation facility for this work is described, along with an analysis to continuously monitor DRIFT data for the presence of internal 222Rn and 218Po. Applying this analysis to historical DRIFT data, we show how systematic substitution of detector materials for alternatives, selected by this device for low radon emanation, has resulted in a f...

  10. First detection of tracks of radon progeny recoils by MIMAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riffard, Q; Bosson, G; Bourrion, O; Descombes, T; Fourel, C; Guillaudin, O; Muraz, J -F; Colas, P; Ferrer-Ribas, E; Giomataris, I; Busto, J; Fouchez, D; Tao, C; Lebreton, L; Maire, D

    2015-01-01

    The MIMAC experiment is a $\\mu$-TPC matrix project for directional dark matter search. Directional detection is a strategy based on the measurement of the WIMP flux anisotropy due to the solar system motion with respect to the dark matter halo. The main purpose of MIMAC project is the measurement of the energy and the direction of nuclear recoils in 3D produced by elastic scattering of WIMPs. Since June 2012 a bi-chamber prototype is operating at the Modane underground laboratory. In this paper, we report the first ionization energy and 3D track observations of nuclear recoils produced by the radon progeny. This measurement shows the capability of the MIMAC detector and opens the possibility to explore the low energy recoil directionality signature.

  11. First detection of tracks of radon progeny recoils by MIMAC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Q. Riffard; D. Santos; G. Bosson; O. Bourrion; T. Descombes; C. Fourel; O. Guillaudin; J. -F. Muraz; P. Colas; E. Ferrer-Ribas; I. Giomataris; J. Busto; D. Fouchez; C. Tao; L. Lebreton; D. Maire

    2015-04-22

    The MIMAC experiment is a $\\mu$-TPC matrix project for directional dark matter search. Directional detection is a strategy based on the measurement of the WIMP flux anisotropy due to the solar system motion with respect to the dark matter halo. The main purpose of MIMAC project is the measurement of the energy and the direction of nuclear recoils in 3D produced by elastic scattering of WIMPs. Since June 2012 a bi-chamber prototype is operating at the Modane underground laboratory. In this paper, we report the first ionization energy and 3D track observations of nuclear recoils produced by the radon progeny. This measurement shows the capability of the MIMAC detector and opens the possibility to explore the low energy recoil directionality signature.

  12. Radon fluxes in tropical forest ecosystems of Brazilian Amazonia: night-time CO2 net ecosystem exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saleska, Scott

    Radon fluxes in tropical forest ecosystems of Brazilian Amazonia: night-time CO2 net ecosystem exchange derived from radon and eddy covariance methods C H R I S T O P H E R S . M A R T E N S *, T H O M 97119.900, Brazil Abstract Radon-222 (Rn-222) is used as a transport tracer of forest canopy

  13. 1. Programmes without a standard entry point are excluded from the Key Principles (eg multi-format MBA and independent distance learning programmes). Partnership programmes (incl. West London College) and research degrees are likewise excluded.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    1. Programmes without a standard entry point are excluded from the Key Principles (eg multi) and research degrees are likewise excluded. ADDITIONAL ENTRY POINTS IN THE ACADEMIC YEAR: KEY PRINCIPLES and templates. Additional Entry Points in the Academic Year: Key Principles for Campus-based Programmes Heriot

  14. Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404). Environmental guidance program reference book: Revision 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-15

    This Reference Book contains a current copy of the Clean Water Act (excluding Section 404) and those regulations that implement the statutes and appear to be most relevant to US Department of Energy (DOE) activities. The document is provided to DOE and contractor staff for informational purposes only and should not be interpreted as legal guidance. Updates that include important new requirements will be provided periodically. Questions concerning this Reference Book may be directed to Mark Petts, EH-231 (202/586-2609).

  15. Coil--globule transition of a polymer involved in excluded-volume interactions with macromolecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenta Odagiri; Kazuhiko Seki

    2015-09-21

    Polymers adopt extended coil and compact globule states according to the balance between entropy and interaction energies. The transition of a polymer between an extended coil state and compact globule state can be induced by changing thermodynamic force such as temperature to alter the energy/entropy balance. Previously, this transition was theoretically studied by taking into account the excluded-volume interaction between monomers of a polymer chain using the partition function. For binary mixtures of a long polymer and short polymers, the coil-globule transition can be induced by changing the concentration of the shorter polymers. Here we investigate the transition caused by short polymers by generalizing the partition function of the long polymer to include the excluded-volume effect of short polymers. The coil-globule transition is studied as a function of the concentration of mixed polymers by systematically varying Flory's chi-parameters. We show that the transition is caused by the interplay between the excluded-volume interaction and the dispersion state of short polymers in the solvent. We also reveal that the same results can be obtained by combining the mixing entropy and elastic energy if the volume of a long polymer is properly defined.

  16. Alpha-nucleus potential for alpha-decay and sub-barrier fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Yu. Denisov; H. Ikezoe

    2005-10-27

    The set of parameters for alpha-nucleus potential is derived by using the data for both the alpha-decay half-lives and the fusion cross-sections around the barrier for reactions alpha+40Ca, alpha+59Co, alpha+208Pb. The alpha-decay half-lives are obtained in the framework of a cluster model using the WKB approximation. The evaluated alpha-decay half-lives and the fusion cross-sections agreed well with the data. Fusion reactions between alpha-particle and heavy nuclei can be used for both the formation of very heavy nuclei and spectroscopic studies of the formed compound nuclei.

  17. Effects of finite sampling and additive noise on image reconstruction from Radon transform

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsujimoto, E.M. (California Univ., Davis, CA (USA))

    1988-12-01

    The Radon transform arises naturally in the problem of reconstructing an image or cross section from line integral measurements through a specified object. Each line integral or ray is a sample of the Radon transform of the object and the set of all samples at a particular angle is called a projection or view. Consequently, the set of all possible samples at all possible projections in a particular plane constitutes the two-dimensional Radon transform. Of course, it is impossible to acquire an infinite number of data points for the purpose of image reconstruction. However, with a sufficient set of Radon transform samples, an images can be determined through various Radon transform inversion techniques. From this statement, however, arises the question of just what constitutes a sufficient set of Radon transform samples. Acquiring an insufficient number of samples results in various artifacts in the reconstructed image. On the other hand, taking too many samples utilizes the data inefficiently. Thus, the problem of interest is to determine the optimum number of projections and the optimum number of samples per projection required to adequately represent the Radon transform such that the image can be accurately reconstructed. The problem of image reconstruction is further complicated if noise is introduced in the projection domain. Noise may be caused by round-off error in the sampled projection data or by various other factors inherent in data acquisition processes. However, several filtering techniques can be implemented to suppress the effects of noise. Therefore, a second problem of interest is to study the effectiveness of different filtering techniques in noise suppression.

  18. Ly{alpha} ESCAPE FROM z {approx} 0.03 STAR-FORMING GALAXIES: THE DOMINANT ROLE OF OUTFLOWS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wofford, Aida; Leitherer, Claus [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Salzer, John, E-mail: wofford@stsci.edu [Astronomy Department, Indiana University, Swain West 408, 727 East Third Street, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States)

    2013-03-10

    The usefulness of H I Ly{alpha} photons for characterizing star formation in the distant universe is limited by our understanding of the astrophysical processes that regulate their escape from galaxies. These processes can only be observed in detail out to a few Multiplication-Sign 100 Mpc. Past nearby (z < 0.3) spectroscopic studies are based on small samples and/or kinematically unresolved data. Taking advantage of the high sensitivity of Hubble Space Telescope's Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS), we observed the Ly{alpha} lines of 20 H{alpha}-selected galaxies located at =0.03. The galaxies cover a broad range of luminosity, oxygen abundance, and reddening. In this paper, we characterize the observed Ly{alpha} lines and establish correlations with fundamental galaxy properties. We find seven emitters. These host young ({<=}10 Myr) stellar populations have rest-frame equivalent widths in the range 1-12 A, and have Ly{alpha} escape fractions within the COS aperture in the range 1%-12%. One emitter has a double-peaked Ly{alpha} with peaks 370 km s{sup -1} apart and a stronger blue peak. Excluding this object, the emitters have Ly{alpha} and O I {lambda}1302 offsets from H{alpha} in agreement with expanding-shell models and Lyman break galaxies observations. The absorbers have offsets that are almost consistent with a static medium. We find no one-to-one correspondence between Ly{alpha} emission and age, metallicity, or reddening. Thus, we confirm that Ly{alpha} is enhanced by outflows and is regulated by the dust and H I column density surrounding the hot stars.

  19. Viene descritto un metodo analitico per la determinazione dei flussi di radon dal suolo partendo da misure di concentrazione del gas nello strato limite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curci, Gabriele

    possono modulare l'emissione di radon. A volte anche l'attività sismica può influenzare la concentrazione

  20. Alpha Gamma Hot Cell Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    . These operations can result in elevated radiological risks to the facility and workers. ARG-US -- meaning and should be developed for and deployed in nuclear and radiological facilities to aid operation and reduceAlpha Gamma Hot Cell Facility Argonne National Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory

  1. Radon transforms on generalized Cormack's curves and a new Compton scatter tomography This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Verger, Maï K.

    Radon transforms on generalized Cormack's curves and a new Compton scatter tomography modality:10.1088/0266-5611/27/12/125001 Radon transforms on generalized Cormack's curves and a new Compton/125001 Abstract In his seminal work of 1981, Cormack established that Radon transforms defined on two remarkable

  2. On new -line Radon transforms in and their inversion This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Verger, Maï K.

    On new -line Radon transforms in and their inversion This article has been downloaded from) doi:10.1088/1751-8113/44/7/075206 On new V-line Radon transforms in R2 and their inversion T T Truong1 December 2010 Published 28 January 2011 Online at stacks.iop.org/JPhysA/44/075206 Abstract Radon transforms

  3. Study on the influence of CR-39 detector size on radon progeny detection in indoor environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pereira, L. A.; Hadler, J. C.; Lixandrão F, A. L.; Guedes, S.; Takizawa, R. H.

    2014-11-11

    It is well known that radon daughters up to {sup 214}Po are the real contaminants to be considered in case of indoor radon contamination. Assemblies consisting of 6 circular bare sheets of CR-39, a nuclear track detector, with radius varying from 0.15 to 1.2 cm were exposed far from any material surface for periods of approximately 6 months in 13 different indoor rooms (7 workplaces and 6 dwellings), where ventilation was moderate or poor. It was observed that track density was as greater as smaller was the detector radius. Track density data were fitted using an equation deduced based on the assumption that the behavior of radon and its progeny in the air was described by Fick's Law, i.e., when the main mechanism of transport of radon progeny in the air is diffusion. As many people spend great part of their time in closed or poorly ventilated environments, the confirmation they present equilibrium between radon and its progeny is an interesting start for dosimetric calculations concerning this contamination.

  4. An investigation of the geology and geochemistry of radon in shear zones

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schumann, R.R.; Stanton, M.R.; Gundersen, L.C.S. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States); Gates, A.E. [Rutgers--the State Univ., Newark, NJ (United States). Dept. of Geology; Schultz, A.P. [Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States); Speer, J.A. [North Carolina Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

    1991-12-31

    In this study we will characterize the four principal geologic terrains that cause the highest and most extensive indoor radon problems in the United States, we will predict their national distribution, and we will define the climatic and chemical processes that affect uranium and radium siting in rocks and soils, and ultimately their emanation and radon potential. We have chosen nine sheared granite plutons from different climatic areas across the United States, two faulted carbonate terrains from an and area and a humid area, and three sites within the fractured Pierre shale and the glacial deposits derived from it in the northern Great Plains. The results of our studies for the last four years have established that in order to understand and accurately predict radon transport and availability in rocks, soils, and ground water, the factors affecting radon emanation must be quantitatively described and basic models developed to understand the processes involved. Three phases of the project were worked on this (1) Preliminary assessment of the Alleghenian granites and compilation of data for establishing the relation between heat flow and radon production and availability, (2) development of a field emanation protocol, and (3) ongoing geochemical examination of shear zone processes.

  5. Method for excluding salt and other soluble materials from produced water

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phelps, Tommy J. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Tsouris, Costas (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Palumbo, Anthony V. (Oak Ridge, TN) [Oak Ridge, TN; Riestenberg, David E. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; McCallum, Scott D. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN

    2009-08-04

    A method for reducing the salinity, as well as the hydrocarbon concentration of produced water to levels sufficient to meet surface water discharge standards. Pressure vessel and coflow injection technology developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is used to mix produced water and a gas hydrate forming fluid to form a solid or semi-solid gas hydrate mixture. Salts and solids are excluded from the water that becomes a part of the hydrate cage. A three-step process of dissociation of the hydrate results in purified water suitable for irrigation.

  6. Excluded volume causes integer and fractional plateaus in colloidal ratchet currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pietro Tierno; Thomas M. Fischer

    2015-07-06

    We study the collective transport of paramagnetic colloids driven above a magnetic bubble lattice by an external rotating magnetic ?eld. We measure a direct ratchet current which rises in integer and fractional steps with the ?eld amplitude. The stepwise increase is caused by excluded volume interactions between the particles, which form composite clusters above the bubbles with mobile and immobile occupation sites. Transient energy minima located at the interstitials between the bubbles cause the colloids to hop from one composite cluster to the next with synchronous and period doubled modes of transport. The colloidal current may be polarized to make selective use of type up or type down interstitials.

  7. Measurement of radon concentrations at SuperKamiokande Y.Takeuchi a , K.Okumura a , T.Kajita a , S.Tasaka g , M.Nemoto t , Y.Fukuda a , H.Okazawa o;\\Lambda ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    Measurement of radon concentrations at Super­Kamiokande Y.Takeuchi a , K.Okumura a , T.Kajita a , S; Abstract Radioactivity from radon is a major background for observing solar neutrinos at Super­ Kamiokande. In this paper, we describe the measurement of radon concentrations at Super­ Kamiokande, the method of radon

  8. Radon-222 progeny surface deposition and resuspension - residential materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leonard, B.E.

    1994-12-31

    In evaluating the hazards from indoor {sup 222}Rn, it is imperative that the behavior of the four short-lived particulate progeny are fully understood since they are the radioisotopes that deliver most of the radiobiological damage to occupants. One known characteristic of these radon progeny is that they deposit (plate out) onto macroscopic surfaces. Some of these plated-out atoms become resuspended when they disintegrate and decay to the next progeny, in particular, {sup 218}Po. Both of these mechanisms, plateout and resuspension, affect the airborne population of the individual daughters and their impact on the radiation energy delivered to the human respiratory system. There are two specific and separate areas of concern, One is that monitoring {sup 222} Rn levels alone, such as with charcoal canisters, is obviously not sufficient to determine the radiation dose since the daughters are never in absolute equilibrium with {sup 222}Rn. Further, from an internal dose standpoint, the {open_quotes}unattached{close_quotes} fraction (free ions) of the daughters are believed, by virtue of their deeper tissue depositions in the tracheo-bronchial tract, to deliver the greatest dose in the body. Currently, there are virtually no data on the measurements of both plateout rates and resuspension factors for specific individual residential material surfaces. This report presents experimental data of plateout rates in an indoor house for typical indoor materials. Results of measurements of resuspension factors for some of the materials are provided.

  9. Upgrading of Sergiev Posad department of Moscow NPO Radon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debieve, Pierre [BELGATOM, Avenue Ariane 4, B 1200 Brussels (Belgium); Delecaut, Gregory; Vanleeuw, Daniel [Institut National des Radioelements - IRE, 6220 Fleurus (Belgium)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: BELGATOM and IRE Consortium has been awarded by the European Commission end of 2005 to conduct a project entitled 'Upgrading of Sergiev Posad Department of Moscow NPO Radon and the assessment of the radiological impact in the area nearby'. The main aims to achieve in the frame of this Europe-aid Project are: - Improvement of the performance and the safety level of the present radwaste management system, taking into account the additional waste expected from the Kurchatov Institute rehabilitation and from the forecast decommissioning of Research Reactors on the territory of Moscow. - Basic design and assistance for the procurement of upgrading equipment related to: - radwaste sorting and pretreatment - replacement of the hydraulic system of the existing super-compactor - characterisation system for radwaste 'Support for preparing the PSAR and PEIAR for new licensing' Assessment of the radiological impact in an area of 50 km radius around Sergiev Posad Department. - The initial duration of this Project is 3 years, starting beginning of 2006. This paper describes the difficulties encountered to start and implement the Project and its status at the half of the planned time schedule. (authors)

  10. How to confirm and exclude different models of material properties in the Casimir effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. M. Mostepanenko

    2014-11-17

    We formulate a method allowing to confirm or exclude the alternative models of material properties at some definite confidence level in experiments on measuring the Casimir force. The method is based on the consideration of differences between the theoretical and mean measured quantities and the confidence intervals for these differences found at sufficiently high or low confidence probabilities. The developed method is applied to the data of four recent experiments on measuring the gradient of the Casimir force by means of a dynamic atomic force microscope. It is shown that in experiments with Au-Au and Ni-Ni test bodies, where the Drude model approach is excluded at a 95% confidence level, the plasma model approach agrees with the data at higher than 90% confidence. In experiments using an Au sphere interacting with either a Ni plate or a graphene-coated substrate the measurement data agree with the common prediction of the Drude and plasma model approaches and theory using the polarization tensor at 90% and 80% confidence levels, respectively.

  11. Radon in HUD assisted multifamily housing: Policy recommendations to the Congress

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-04-01

    The report complies with Section 1091 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments Act of 1988 which requires that the HUD Secretary report to the Congress on a recommended policy for addressing radon contamination in specified housing. The housing specified in the Act is virtually all rental housing predominantly for low-income and moderate-income households. Almost all of it is multifamily housing: row houses, walk-up apartment buildings, or high-rise buildings. There is inadequate information on the extent to which excessive concentrations of radon occur above the first floor of multistory buildings and on the variation in radon concentrations in attached houses in the same row. HUD's recommended policy is in the four topic areas specified in the Act: research, education, testing, and mitigation.

  12. Asphalt emulsion radon barrier systems for uranium mill tailings: an overview of the technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, E.G.; Hartley, J.N.; Freeman, H.D.; Gates, T.E.; Nelson, D.A.; Dunning, R.L.

    1984-03-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), under contract to the US Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project (UMTRAP) office, has developed an asphalt emulsion cover system to reduce the release of radon from uranium mill tailings. The system has been field tested at Grand Junction, Colorado. Results from laboratory and field tests indicate that this system is effective in reducing radon release to near-background levels (<2.5 pCi m/sup -2/s/sup -1/) and has the properties required for long-term effectiveness and stability. Engineering specifications have been developed, and analysis indicates that asphalt emulsion covers are cost-competitive with other cover systems. This report summarizes the technology for asphalt emulsion radon barrier systems. 59 references, 45 figures, 36 tables.

  13. The application of a scintillation flask technique for the measurement of radon emanation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Martha

    1984-01-01

    after the specifications recommended by the Health and Safety Laboratory (HASL), which initially bor- rowed the design from the Ar entinian Comision Nacional de ~E' . EA A t' ' Co ' ' t d ty plastic block and fitted the cell with a single stop... are fitted on the flask to allow flow- through sample collection when desired. Sensitivities of the small and large radon flasks are reported to be 0. 7 cpm/pci/1 to 2 cpm/pci/1 after the daughters have grown to equilibrium 11 with radon (Ge76). The HASL...

  14. Release of radon contaminants from Yucca Mountain: The role of buoyancy driven flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, T.M.; Pescatore, C.

    1994-02-01

    The potential for the repository heat source to promote buoyancy driven flow and thereby cause release of radon gas out of Yucca Mountain has been examined through a critical review of the theoretical and experimental studies of this process. The review indicates that steady-state buoyancy enhanced release of natural radon and other contaminant gases should not be a major concern at Yucca Mountain. Barometric pumping and wind pumping are identified as two processes that will have a potentially greater effect on surface releases of gases.

  15. Development of a method for determination of radon emanation from small soil samples 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madonia, Michael Vincent

    1990-01-01

    the optimization of statistical considerations was discussed and implemented into a computer code developed at the Technical University of Denmark. The evaluated system and computer code were used to measure radon emanation from a variety of Danish soil types... in the closed loop system is determined and the radon emanation power calculated. 'n 11 n 11 n n ' n The Rn-222 concentration in the Lucas cell during each measurement is calculated by counting the rate of light flashes enutted in the cell over a...

  16. Alpha

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D B L O O D S TA I N P A T TSorbentsAllosteric Modulation ofOeffect

  17. Unexpected Complication with the New C3 Excluder: Cause and Treatment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katsargyris, Athanasios; Oikonomou, Kyriakos; Bracale, Umberto M.; Verhoeven, Eric L. G.

    2013-04-15

    The new C3 Gore Excluder delivery system enables both up/downward and rotational repositioning of the device before complete deployment. This contributes to more precise proximal landing and permits facilitation of the contralateral gate cannulation. During separate deployment, the position of the ipsilateral limb can also be readjusted. We have used the modified C3 delivery system in more than 50 patients, and in most cases, we were able to utilize the repositioning options of the device to achieve optimal fixation and sealing. However, we present a case where our attempt to readjust the position of the ipsilateral limb led to upward migration of the main body with coverage of the left renal artery origin. The latter was secured with a bare stent implantation.

  18. Cost of radon-barrier systems for uranium mill tailings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, E.G.; Hartley, J.N.

    1982-08-01

    This report deals specifically with the cost of three types of radon barrier systems, earthen covers, asphalt emulsion covers, and multilayer covers, which could meet standards proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency to stabilize uranium mill tailings located primarily in the western US. In addition, the report includes a sensitivity analysis of various factors which significantly effect the overall cost of the three systems. These analyses were based on a generic disposal site. Four different 3m thick earthen covers were tested and cost an average of $27/m/sup 2/. The least expensive earthen cover cost was about $21/m/sup 2/. The asphalt cover system (6 to 7 cm of asphalt topped with 0.6m of overburden) cost about $28/m/sup 2/. The four multilayer covers averaged $57/m/sup 2/, but materials handling problems encountered during the test inflated this cost above what was anticipated and significant cost reductions should be possible. The least expensive multilayer cover cost $43/m/sup 2/. Based on the results of the Grand Junction field test we estimated the cost of covering the tailings from three high priority sites, Durango, Shiprock, and Salt Lake City (Vitro). The cost of a 3m earthen cover ranged from $18 to 33/m/sup 2/ for the seven disposal sites (two or three at each location) studied. The cost of asphalt cover systems were $23 to 28/m/sup 2/ and the multilayer cover costs were between $31 to 36/m/sup 2/. The earthen cover costs are less than the Grand Junction field test cost primarily because cover material is available at or near most of the disposal sites selected. Earthen material was imported from 6 to 10 miles for the field test. Assuming more efficienct utilization of materials significantly reduced the cost of the multilayer covers.

  19. Relation between Fresnel transform of input light field and Radon transform of Wigner function of the field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong-yi Fan; Li-yun Hu

    2008-08-21

    We prove a new theorem about the relationship between optical field Wigner function's Radon transform and optical Fresnel transform of the field, i.e., when an input field Phi(x') propagates through an optical [D(-B)(-C)A] system, the energy density of the output field is equal to the Radon transform of the Wigner function of the input field, where the Radon transform parameters are D,B. We prove this theorem in both spatial-domain and frequency-domain.

  20. LONG-TERM DETERMINATION OF AIRBORNE RADON PROGENY CONCENTRATIONS USING LR 115 DETECTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong 2 Environmental Radiation Effects Research interesting observation of a low equilibrium factors for 220 dose in the lung is mainly due to short-lived radon progeny, i.e. 218 Po, 214 Pb, 214 Bi and 214 Po

  1. Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Weighted Radon transforms for which the Chang approximate inversion formula is precise R.G. Novikov formula is precise. Some subsequent results, including the Cormack type inversion for these transforms, are also given. 1.Introduction We consider the weighted ray transformation PW defined by the formula PW f

  2. Four Years of Practical Arrangements between IAEA and Moscow SIA 'Radon': Preliminary Results - 13061

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batyukhnova, O.G.; Karlina, O.K.; Neveikin, P.P. [SUE SIA 'Radon', The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)] [SUE SIA 'Radon', The 7-th Rostovsky Lane 2/14, Moscow, 119121 (Russian Federation)

    2013-07-01

    The International Education Training Centre (IETC) at Moscow State Unitary Enterprise Scientific and Industrial Association 'Radon' (SIA 'Radon'), in co-operation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), has developed expertise and provided training to waste management personnel for the last 15 years. Since 1997, the educational system of the enterprise with the support of the IAEA has acquired an international character: more than 470 experts from 35 countries- IAEA Member States completed the professional development. Training is conducted at various thematic courses or fellowships for individual programs and seminars on IAEA technical projects. In June 2008 a direct agreement (Practical Arrangements) was signed between SIA 'Radon' and the IAEA on cooperation in the field of development of new technologies, expert's advice to IAEA Member States, and, in particular, the training of personnel in the field of radioactive waste management (RWM), which opens up new perspectives for fruitful cooperation of industry professionals. The paper summarizes the current experience of the SIA 'Radon' in the organization and implementation of the IAEA sponsored training and others events and outlines some of strategic educational elements, which IETC will continue to pursue in the coming years. (authors)

  3. Averages along polynomial sequences in discrete nilpotent groups: singular Radon transforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ionescu, Alexandru D; Wainger, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    We consider a class of operators defined by taking averages along polynomial sequences in discrete nilpotent groups. In this paper we prove $L^2$ boundedness of discrete singular Radon transforms along general polynomial sequences in discrete nilpotent groups of step 2.

  4. Filter for on-line air monitor unaffected by radon progeny and method of using same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Phillips, Terrance D. (Aiken, SC); Edwards, Howard D. (Augusta, GA)

    1999-01-01

    An apparatus for testing air having contaminants and radon progeny therein. The apparatus includes a sampling box having an inlet for receiving the air and an outlet for discharging the air. The sampling box includes a filter made of a plate of sintered stainless steel. The filter traps the contaminants, yet allows at least a portion of the radon progeny to pass therethrough. A method of testing air having contaminants and radon progeny therein. The method includes providing a testing apparatus that has a sampling box with an inlet for receiving the air and an outlet for discharging the air, and has a sintered stainless steel filter disposed within said sampling box; drawing air from a source into the sampling box using a vacuum pump; passing the air through the filter; monitoring the contaminants trapped by the filter; and providing an alarm when a selected level of contaminants is reached. The filter traps the contaminants, yet allows at least a portion of the radon progeny to pass therethrough.

  5. THE EFFECT OF RADON TRANSPORT IN GROUNDWATER UPON GAMMA-RAY BOREHOLE LOGS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    Radon-222 (uci/1) Radium-226 (pCi/D Location 16(AT) 16(UB)in the M3 water was about 1 pCi per l i t e r (Fritz et aaverage value of Ey is 1.57 pCi/gm, equivalent to: E = 1.57

  6. 395NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.37 NO.4, AUGUST 2005 CONSTRUCTION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL RADON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    395NUCLEAR ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, VOL.37 NO.4, AUGUST 2005 CONSTRUCTION OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL RADON MONITORING SYSTEM USING CR-39 NUCLEAR TRACK DETECTORS GIL HOON AHN* and JAI-KI LEE1 National Nuclear Management & Control Agency 305-600, POX 114 Yuseong, Daejeon, Korea 1 Dept. of Nuclear

  7. Effect of radon dose on cleanup criteria and using RESRAD for chemical risk assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, C.; Cheng, J.-J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Wallo, A. III (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01

    The US Department of Energy has used RESRAD, a pathway analysis program developed at Argonne National Laboratory, in conjunction with the as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) principle to develop site-specific residual radioactive material guidelines (cleanup criteria) for many sites. This study examines the effects of the radon pathway, recently added to the RESRAD program, on the calculation of uranium, radium, and thorium cleanup criteria. The results show that the derived uranium guidelines will not be affected by the radon ingrowth considerations. The effect of radon on radium and thorium generic guidelines is more significant, but the model does indicate that at the generic soil limits used for radium and thorium the indoor radon decay product concentrations would be below the 0.02 working level standard. This study also examines the feasibility of applying RESRAD to chemical risk assessment. The results show that RESRAD can perform risk assessment of toxic chemicals after simple modifications. Expansion of the RESRAD database to include chemical compounds will increase its capability to handle chemical risk assessments. 11 refs., 3 tabs.

  8. AIR AND RADON PATHWAY MODELING FOR THE F AREA TANK FARM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dixon, K.; Phifer, M.

    2010-07-30

    An air and radon pathways analysis was conducted for the F-Area Tank Farm (FTF) to estimate the flux of volatile radionuclides and radon at the ground surface due to residual waste remaining in the tanks following closure. This analysis was used as the basis to estimate the dose to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) for the air pathway per Curie (Ci) of each radionuclide remaining in the combined FTF waste tanks. For the air pathway analysis, several gaseous radionuclides were considered. These included carbon-14 (C-14), chlorine-36 (Cl-36), iodine-129 (I-129), selenium-79 (Se-79), antimony-125 (Sb-125), tin-126 (Sn-126), tritium (H-3), and technetium-99 (Tc-99). The dose to the MEI was estimated at the SRS Boundary during the 100 year institutional control period. For the 10,000 year post closure compliance period, the dose to the MEI was estimated at the 100 m compliance point. Additionally, the dose to the MEI was estimated at a seepage outcrop located 1600 m from the facility. For the radon pathway analysis, five parent radionuclides and their progeny were analyzed. These parent radionuclides included uranium-238 (U-238), plutonium-238 (Pu-238), uranium-234 (U-234), thorium-230 (Th-230), and radium-226 (Ra-226). The peak flux of radon-222 due to each parent radionuclide was estimated for the simulation period of 10,100 years.

  9. Tensor products of AC* charges and AC Radon measures are not always AC* charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buczolich, Zoltán

    Tensor products of AC* charges and AC Radon measures are not always AC* charges] the tensor problem was stated for the tensor product of AC* charges and the Lebesgue measure. Later W: non-absolute integrals, variational measure, tensor product. 1

  10. Seismic imaging with the generalized Radon transform: A curvelet transform perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Hart F.

    Seismic imaging with the generalized Radon transform: A curvelet transform perspective M V de Hoop1@purdue.edu Abstract. A key challenge in the seismic imaging of reflectors using surface reflection data. Introduction 1.1. Seismic Imaging with Arrays ­ Beyond Current Capabilities Much research in modern

  11. Local Varying-Alpha Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John D. Barrow; Joao Magueijo

    2015-01-30

    In a recent paper we demonstrated how the simplest model for varying alpha may be interpreted as the effect of a dielectric material, generalized to be consistent with Lorentz invariance. Unlike normal dielectrics, such a medium cannot change the speed of light, and its dynamics obey a Klein-Gordon equation. This work immediately suggests an extension of the standard theory, even if we require compliance with Lorentz invariance. Instead of a wave equation, the dynamics may satisfy a local algebraic relation involving the permittivity and the properties of the electromagnetic field, in analogy with more conventional dielectric (but still preserving Lorentz invariance). We develop the formalism for such theories and investigate some phenomenological implications. The problem of the divergence of the classical self-energy can be solved, or at least softened, in this framework. Some interesting new cosmological solutions for the very early universe are found, including the possibility of a bounce, inflation and expansion with a loitering phase, all of which are induced by early variations in alpha.

  12. SHOE V.1.5 ALPHA

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    002913MLTPL00 Sandia Higher Order Elements (SHOE) v 0.5 alpha  http://midas3.kitware.com/midas/folder/10328 

  13. alpha(s) Determinations from Jets and Scaling Violations at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Kluge

    2006-10-13

    A review is given on recent alpha(s) determinations from the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations. These are based on measurements of jet cross sections, event shape variables, as well as on the observed scaling violation of the structure function F_2. A HERA average on alpha(s)(m_Z) is presented, in comparison with world mean values.

  14. Evidence for an alpha cluster condensed state in 16O(alpha,alpha') at 400 MeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Wakasa; E. Ihara; K. Fujita; Y. Funaki; K. Hatanaka; H. Horiuchi; M. Itoh; J. Kamiya; G. Ropke; H. Sakaguchi; N. Sakamoto; Y. Sakemi; P. Schuck; Y. Shimizu; M. Takashina; S. Terashima; A. Tohsaki; M. Uchida; H. P. Yoshida; M. Yosoi

    2006-11-13

    Inelastic $\\alpha$ scattering on 16O is studied at 400 MeV by using an ice target. Near the 4-alpha breakup threshold of 14.4 MeV, a broad peak is observed at an excitation energy of 13.6+/-0.2 MeV with a width of 0.6+/-0.2 MeV. The spin-parity is estimated to be 0+ from the momentum-transfer dependence. The observed width is significantly larger than those of the neighboring 0+ states indicating a state with a well-developed alpha cluster structure. The magnitude of the cross section is sensitive to the density distribution of the constituent alpha clusters. The observed cross section is consistent with the theoretical prediction for the alpha cluster condensed state characterized by its dilute density distribution with a large root-mean-square radius of about 4.3 fm.

  15. Excluded-volume interactions and structure formation in thin layers of bent-core systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lech Longa; Pawe? Karbowniczek; Micha? Cie?la; Agnieszka Chrzanowska

    2015-10-14

    Two-dimensional assemblies of bent-core shaped molecules attain at highly orienting surfaces liquid crystalline structures characteristic mostly for lamellar chiral or nonchiral antiferroelectric order [J. Phys. Chem. B {\\bf 109}, 18733 (2005)]. Here, using the Onsager-type of density functional theory we investigate the role of excluded-volume interactions in stabilizing different structures in thin films filled with bent-shaped molecules. We study influence of molecular features, like the apex angle, thickness of the arm and the type of the arm edges on the stability of layered structures. For molecular shapes taken the observed phases are dominated by the lamellar antiferroelectric type as observed experimentally, but a considerable sensitivity of the ordering to details of the molecular shape is also found for high packing fractions. In particular, smectic A, ferroelectric smectic A and ferroelectric nematic phases are foreseen from the bifurcation analysis in this limit. The presented theory models equilibrium properties of bent-core liquid crystals subjected to strong planar anchoring, \\emph{i.e.} in the case when details of the surface are of secondary importance.

  16. Seasonal Variation of Indoor Radon Concentration in the Tropics: Comparative studies between Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Kerala, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahat, R. H.; Amin, Y. M. [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Jojo, P. J. [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); CARPS, Department of Physics, Fatima Mata National College, Kerala (India); Pereira, C. E. [CARPS, Department of Physics, Fatima Mata National College, Kerala (India)

    2011-03-30

    The radiation dose received by man from indoor radon and its progeny is the largest at more than 50% of total dose received. The seasonal variation of indoor radon concentration in Kerala, India and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were studied. The Southwest coast of the Kerala state in India is known to have very high levels of natural background radiation owing to the rare earths rich monazite sand available in large amount. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia used to be a famous tin mining area where it was done using open cast system. One-year measurements of radon concentration in houses were done for these two regions. It was found that there is considerable seasonal variation in the levels of radon in Kerala but the variation in Kuala Lumpur is only less than 10%.

  17. Fine scale imaging of structures at and near the mantle transition zone using a generalized Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamm, Rosalee Alicia

    2006-01-01

    We apply a generalized Radon transform (GRT) to the study of the transition zone discontinuities. The transition zone discontinuities, e.g. the '410' and '660', result from mineral phase changes that occur at depths ...

  18. Three-dimensional passive seismic waveform imaging around the SAFOD site, California, using the generalized Radon transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Hilst, Robert D.

    We apply a three-dimensional (3D) generalized Radon transform (GRT) to scattered P-waves from 575 local earthquakes recorded at 68 temporary network stations for passive-source imaging of (near-vertical) structures close ...

  19. National Weatherization Assistance Program Impact Evaluation: Impact of Exhaust-Only Ventilation on Radon and Indoor Humidity - A Field Investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pigg, Scott

    2014-09-01

    The study described here sought to assess the impact of exhaust-only ventilation on indoor radon and humidity in single-family homes that had been treated by the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP).

  20. High-alpha space trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, L.M. [Ball Aerospace and Technology Corp. 1600 Commerce St. MS CO-9 Boulder, Colorado80301 (United States); Ball, J. [McDonnel Douglas Aerospace 5301 Bolsa Ave. MS 13-3 Huntington Beach, California92647 (United States)

    1997-01-01

    Vertically-landing Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLVs) are the best hope of building a true {open_quotes}Space Truck{close_quotes} with current technology. Because they do not require a low angle-of-attack (AOA, or alpha) horizontal landing, they can be designed to operate exclusively at very high angles-of-attack. This offers savings in vehicle dry weight and complexity, which can be traded for significantly heavier payload, more ascent velocity, or extra design margin. The price for abandoning low angle-of-attack flight is reduced crossrange. To quantify the potential weight reduction, a trade study was performed to determine the relationship between a vehicle{close_quote}s maximum crossrange (angle-of-attack) and it{close_quote}s dry weight (payload margin). At the study conclusion, three vertically-landing (VL) vehicles provided multiple points on a payload weight vs. maximum crossrange curve, showing significant payload increases as crossrange is sacrificed. This is primarily the result of being able to simplify the structure, fly a cooler entry trajectory, and be aerodynamically stable through the entire flight. This reduces subsystem requirements and complexity, enhancing reliability. Further benefits are realized in reduced landing propellant requirements and simplifying or eliminating the {open_quotes}rotation{close_quotes} maneuver. This paper also suggests unique operability solutions that adapt high-alpha vehicles to traditional high-crossrange missions such as the polar {open_quotes}once-around{close_quotes} flight, and proposes a small scale drop-test program to prove the subsonic and landing portion of the flight envelope. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  1. Method for the simultaneous preparation of Radon-211, Xenon-125, Xenon-123, Astatine-211, Iodine-125 and Iodine-123

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mirzadeh, Saed (East Setauket, NY); Lambrecht, Richard M. (Quogue, NY)

    1987-01-01

    A method for simultaneously preparing Radon-211, Astatine-211, Xenon-125, Xenon-123, Iodine-125 and Iodine-123 in a process that includes irradiating a fertile metal material then using a one-step chemical procedure to collect a first mixture of about equal amounts of Radon-211 and Xenon-125, and a separate second mixture of about equal amounts of Iodine-123 and Astatine-211.

  2. Determination of alpha_s from the QCD static energy: an update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexei Bazavov; Nora Brambilla; Xavier Garcia i Tormo; Peter Petreczky; Joan Soto; Antonio Vairo

    2014-11-04

    We present an update of our determination of the strong coupling alpha_s from the quantum chromodynamics static energy. This updated analysis includes new lattice data, at smaller lattice spacings and reaching shorter distances, the use of better suited perturbative expressions to compare with data in a wider distance range, and a comprehensive and detailed estimate of the error sources that contribute to the uncertainty of the final result. Our updated value for alpha_s at the Z-mass scale, M_Z, is alpha_s(M_Z)=0.1166^{+0.0012}_{-0.0008}, which supersedes our previous result.

  3. Alpha1 and Alpha2 Integrins Mediate Invasive Activity of Mouse Mammary Carcinoma Cells through Regulation of Stromelysin-1 Expression

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lochter, Andre; Navre, Marc; Werb, Zena; Bissell, Mina J

    1998-06-29

    Tumor cell invasion relies on cell migration and extracellular matrix proteolysis. We investigated the contribution of different integrins to the invasive activity of mouse mammary carcinoma cells. Antibodies against integrin subunits {alpha}6 and {beta}1, but not against {alpha}1 and {alpha}2, inhibited cell locomotion on a reconstituted basement membrane in two-dimensional cell migration assays, whereas antibodies against {beta}1, but not against a6 or {alpha}2, interfered with cell adhesion to basement membrane constituents. Blocking antibodies against {alpha}1 integrins impaired only cell adhesion to type IV collagen. Antibodies against {alpha}1, {alpha}2, {alpha}6, and {beta}1, but not {alpha}5, integrin subunits reduced invasion of a reconstituted basement membrane. Integrins {alpha}1 and {alpha}2, which contributed only marginally to motility and adhesion, regulated proteinase production. Antibodies against {alpha}1 and {alpha}2, but not {alpha}6 and {beta}1, integrin subunits inhibited both transcription and protein expression of the matrix metalloproteinase stromelysin-1. Inhibition of tumor cell invasion by antibodies against {alpha}1 and {alpha}2 was reversed by addition of recombinant stromelysin-1. In contrast, stromelysin-1 could not rescue invasion inhibited by anti-{alpha}6 antibodies. Our data indicate that {alpha}1 and {alpha}2 integrins confer invasive behavior by regulating stromelysin-1 expression, whereas {alpha}6 integrins regulate cell motility. These results provide new insights into the specific functions of integrins during tumor cell invasion.

  4. Galaxy phase-space density data exclude Bose-Einstein condensate Axion Dark Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. J. de Vega; N. G. Sanchez

    2014-11-18

    Light scalars (as the axion) with mass m ~ 10^{-22} eV forming a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) exhibit a Jeans length in the kpc scale and were therefore proposed as dark matter (DM) candidates. Our treatment here is generic, independent of the particle physics model and applies to all DM BEC, in or out of equilibrium. Two observed quantities crucially constrain DM in an inescapable way: the average DM density rho_{DM} and the phase-space density Q. The observed values of rho_{DM} and Q in galaxies today constrain both the possibility to form a BEC and the DM mass m. These two constraints robustly exclude axion DM that decouples just after the QCD phase transition. Moreover, the value m ~ 10^{-22} eV can only be obtained with a number of ultrarelativistic degrees of freedom at decoupling in the trillions which is impossible for decoupling in the radiation dominated era. In addition, we find for the axion vacuum misalignment scenario that axions are produced strongly out of thermal equilibrium and that the axion mass in such scenario turns to be 17 orders of magnitude too large to reproduce the observed galactic structures. Moreover, we also consider inhomogenous gravitationally bounded BEC's supported by the bosonic quantum pressure independently of any particular particle physics scenario. For a typical size R ~ kpc and compact object masses M ~ 10^7 Msun they remarkably lead to the same particle mass m ~ 10^{-22} eV as the BEC free-streaming length. However, the phase-space density for the gravitationally bounded BEC's turns to be more than sixty orders of magnitude smaller than the galaxy observed values. We conclude that the BEC's and the axion cannot be the DM particle. However, an axion in the mili-eV scale may be a relevant source of dark energy through the zero point cosmological quantum fluctuations.

  5. 172 Experimentation and Scientific Realism 12. But excludingLeibniz, who "knew" there had to be some real, natural dif-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    features of the world that could not, at the time, be observed, debates have erupted over the scientific172 Experimentation and Scientific Realism 12. But excludingLeibniz, who "knew" there had book, The Scientific Image. #12;174 . Explanation and Realism Wherever theorists have postulated

  6. Calibrations of alpha Cen A & B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morel, P; Lebreton, Y; Thévenin, F; Berthomieu, G

    2000-01-01

    Detailed evolutionary models of the visual binary alpha Centauri, including pre main-sequence evolution, have been performed using the masses recently determined by Pourbaix et al. (1999). Models have been constructed using the CEFF equation of state, OPAL opacities, NACRE thermonuclear reaction rates and microscopic diffusion. A chi^2-minimization is performed to derive the most reliable set of modeling parameters wp={t_alpha Cen, Yi, [Fe/H]i, alpha A, alpha B}, where t alpha Cen is the age of the system, Yi the initial helium content, [Fe/H]i the initial metallicity and, alpha A and alpha B the convection parameters of the two components. Using the basic Bohm-Vitense (1958) mixing-length theory of convection, we derive wp BV={2710 Myr, 0.284,0.257, 1.53, 1.57}. We obtain a noticeably smaller age than estimated previously, in agreement with Pourbaix et al. (1999), mainly because of the larger masses. If convective core overshoot is considered we get wp ov={3530 Myr, 0.279,0.264,1.64,1.66}. The use of Canuto ...

  7. Radon backgrounds in the DRIFT-II directional dark matter experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daw, E; Gauvreau, J -L; Gold, M; Harmon, L J; Landers, J M; Lee, E R; Loomba, D; Miller, E H; Murphy, A StJ; Paling, S M; Pipe, M; Robinson, M; Sadler, S; Scarff, A; Snowden-Ifft, D P; Spooner, N J C; Walker, D

    2013-01-01

    Low pressure gas Time Projection Chambers being developed for directional Dark Matter searches offer a technology with high particle identification power, combined with poten- tial to produce a definitive detection of galactic Weakly Interacting Massive Particle (WIMP) Dark Matter. A source of background events in such experiments, able to mimic genuine WIMP in- duced nuclear recoil tracks, arises from potential radon contamination and the recoils that result from associated daughter nuclei, termed Radon Progeny Recoils (RPRs). We present here experi- mental data from a long-term study of this background using the DRIFT-II directional dark matter experiment at the Boulby Underground Laboratory. By detailed examination of event classes in both spatial and time coordinates using 5.5 years of data we show ability to determine the origin of 4 specific background populations and describe development of new technology and mitigation strategies to suppress them.

  8. $\\alpha_s$ from the updated ALEPH data for hadronic $\\tau$ decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boito, Diogo; Maltman, Kim; Osborne, James; Peris, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    We extract the strong coupling $\\alpha_s(m_\\tau^2)$ from the recently updated ALEPH non-strange spectral functions obtained from hadronic $\\tau$ decays. We apply a self-consistent analysis method, first tested in the analysis of OPAL data, to extract $\\alpha_s(m_\\tau^2)$ and non-perturbative contributions. The analysis yields $\\alpha_s^{\\rm FO}(m_\\tau^2)=0.296\\pm0.010 $, using Fixed Order Perturbation Theory (FOPT), and $\\alpha^{\\rm CI}_s(m_\\tau^2)= 0.310\\pm0.014$, using Contour Improved Perturbation Theory (CIPT). The weighted average of these results with those previously obtained from OPAL data give $\\alpha_s^{\\rm FO}(m_\\tau^2)=0.303\\pm 0.009$ and $\\alpha_s^{\\rm CI}(m_\\tau^2)=0.319\\pm 0.012$, which gives, after evolution to the $Z$ boson mass scale, $\\alpha^{\\rm FO}_s(m_Z^2)=0.1165\\pm0.0012 $ and $\\alpha_s^{\\rm CI}(m_Z^2)=0.1185\\pm0.0015 $, respectively. We observe that non-perturbative effects limit the accuracy with which $\\alpha_s$ can be extracted from $\\tau$ decay data.

  9. Initiation, promotion, initiation experiments with radon and cigarette smoke: Lung tumors in rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moolgavkar, S.H.

    1990-02-01

    Much recent attention has focused on the recessive oncogenesis model according to which inactivation of both alleles of a tumor suppressor gene (anti-oncogene) leads to cancer. Over the past decade Dr. Moolgavkar has been involved in the development and testing of a two-mutation model for carcinogenesis, which may be viewed as a mathematical generalization of the recessive oncogenesis model. In a series of papers this model has been shown to be consistent with a large body of epidemiologic and experimental data. Thus, the current project funded under the auspices of DOE, is part of a much larger program. The goals of this larger program are: the mathematical development of the two-mutation model for application to various epidemiologic and experimental data sets; investigation of the statistical properties of the model and development of software for fitting the model to various data sets, including cohort and case-control data in epidemiology. Directly relevant to the radon program, we have completed an analysis of radon-induced lung tumors in rats within the context of the two-mutation model. We found that the model described the data well. The results indicate that fractionation of exposure increased the lifetime probability of tumor. Examination of the parameters of the model suggests that the effect of fractionation can be explained by the relative effects of radon daughters on the mutation rates and on the kinetics of growth of initiated cells. The first mutation rate is very strongly dependent upon the rate of exposure to radon daughters, the second mutation rate much less so, suggesting that the nature of the two mutational events is different.

  10. Radon and material radiopurity assessment for the NEXT double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Cebrián; J. Pérez; I. Bandac; L. Labarga; V. Álvarez; A. I. Barrado; A. Bettini; F. I. G. M. Borges; M. Camargo; S. Cárcel; A. Cervera; C. A. N. Conde; E. Conde; T. Dafni; J. Díaz; R. Esteve; L. M. P. Fernandes; M. Fernández; P. Ferrario; E. D. C. Freitas; L. M. P. Fernandes; V. M. Gehman; A. Goldschmidt; J. J. Gómez-Cadenas; D. González-Díaz; R. M. Gutiérrez; J. Hauptman; J. A. Hernando Morata; D. C. Herrera; I. G. Irastorza; A. Laing; I. Liubarsky; N. López-March; D. Lorca; M. Losada; G. Luzón; A. Marí; J. Martín-Albo; A. Martínez; G. Martínez-Lema; T. Miller; F. Monrabal; M. Monserrate; C. M. B. Monteiro; F. J. Mora; L. M. Moutinho; J. Muñoz Vidal; M. Nebot-Guinot; D. Nygren; C. A. B. Oliveira; A. Ortiz de Solórzano; J. L. Pérez Aparicio; M. Querol; J. Renner; L. Ripoll; J. Rodríguez; F. P. Santos; J. M. F. dos Santos; L. Serra; D. Shuman; A. Simón; C. Sofka; M. Sorel; J. F. Toledo; J. Torrent; Z. Tsamalaidze; J. F. C. A. Veloso; J. A. Villar; R. C. Webb; J. T. White; N. Yahlali

    2015-05-26

    The Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC (NEXT), intended to investigate the neutrinoless double beta decay using a high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with Xe enriched in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in Spain, requires ultra-low background conditions demanding an exhaustive control of material radiopurity and environmental radon levels. An extensive material screening process is underway for several years based mainly on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors in Canfranc but also on mass spectrometry techniques like GDMS and ICPMS. Components from shielding, pressure vessel, electroluminescence and high voltage elements and energy and tracking readout planes have been analyzed, helping in the final design of the experiment and in the construction of the background model. The latest measurements carried out will be presented and the implication on NEXT of their results will be discussed. The commissioning of the NEW detector, as a first step towards NEXT, has started in Canfranc; in-situ measurements of airborne radon levels were taken there to optimize the system for radon mitigation and will be shown too.

  11. U.S. Postal Service radon assessment and mitigation program. Progress report, September 1993--November 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velazquez, L.E.; Petty, J.L. Jr.

    1994-12-31

    In 1992, the US Postal Service (USPS) entered into an Interagency Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) whereby DOE would provide technical assistance in support of the USPS Radon Assessment and Mitigation Program. To aid in this effort, DOE tasked the Hazardous Waste Remedial Actions Program (HAZWRAP), which is managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., for DOE under contract AC05-84OR21400. Since that time, HAZWRAP has developed and finalized the sampling protocol, mitigation diagnostic protocol, and the quality assurance and quality control procedures. These procedures were validated during the Protocol Validation (1992-1993) and Pilot Study (1993-1994) phases of the program. To date, HAZWRAP has performed approximately 16,000 radon measurements in 250 USPS buildings. Mitigation diagnostics have been performed in 27 buildings. Thus far, 13% of the measurements have been above the Environmental Protection Agency action level of 4 pCi/L. This report summarizes the pilot program radon testing data and mitigation diagnostic data for 22 sites and contains recommendations for mitigation diagnostics.

  12. Low Radioactive Techniques in SuperNEMO: Status of the Radon R and D

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perrot, F. [Universite de Bordeaux, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR 5797, Chemin du Solarium, Le Haut-Vigneau, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR 5797, Chemin du Solarium, Le Haut-Vigneau, BP120, F-33175 Gradignan (France)

    2011-04-27

    Radon is a well-known source of background with respect to the search for neutrinoless double beta decay (0{nu}{beta}{beta}), due to the high Q{sub {beta}} value of one of its daughter nucleus {sup 214}Bi. Radon has been observed and reduced down to 6.5 mBq/m{sup 3} in the NEMO-3 experiment which is looking for the 0{nu}{beta}{beta} process in {sup 100}Mo and in six other isotopes. The SuperNEMO project, a next-generation double beta decay experiment which will also use a tracko-calorimeter technique, has been in an R and D phase since 2006. The goal is to reach a sensitivity of T{sub 1/2}(0{nu})>10{sup 26} y corresponding to an effective Majorana neutrino mass of 0.05-0.1 eV with 100 kg of {sup 82}Se. Such a sensitivity requires in particular to improve the radon radiopurity down to 0.1 mBq/m{sup 3} in the tracking chamber.

  13. Activation of oncogenes by radon progeny and x-rays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ling, C.C.

    1990-01-01

    The overall goal of this proposal is to study the carcinogenic effect of both high and low LET radiation at the molecular level, utilizing techniques developed in molecular biology, cancer cell biology and radiation biology. The underlying assumption is that malignant transformation of normal cells is a multistep process requiring two or more molecular events in the genomic DNA. We hypothesize that radiation may induce such events in one or more steps of the multistep process. We will use in vitro models of transformation that reproduce the stepwise progression of normal cells toward the transformed phenotype and ask whether radiation can provide the necessary activating function at discrete steps along this path. Our strategy involves transfecting into normal primary cells a variety of cloned oncogenes that are known to supply only some of the functions necessary for full transformation. These partially transformed'' cells will be the targets for irradiation by x-rays and alpha particles. The results will provide the basis for assessing the ability of ionizing radiation to activate oncogenic functions that complement'' the oncogene already present in the transfected cells and produce the fully transformed phenotype. Progress is described. 121 refs.

  14. NEW APPROACHES TO CONFINED ALPHA DIAGNOSTICS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    FISHER,R.K

    2004-04-01

    Three new approaches to obtain information on the confined fast alphas in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) are proposed. The first technique measures the energetic charge exchange (CX) neutrals that result from the alpha collision-induced knock-on fuel ion tails undergoing electron capture on the MeV D neutral beams planned for heating and current drive. The second technique measures the energetic knock-on neutron tail due to alphas using the lengths of the proton recoil tracks produced by neutron collisions in nuclear emulsions. The range of the 14 to 20 MeV recoil protons increases by {approx}140 microns per MeV. The third approach would measure the CX helium neutrals resulting from confined alphas capturing two electrons in the ablation cloud surrounding a dense gas jet that has been proposed for disruption mitigation in ITER.

  15. Approaches to confined alpha diagnostics on ITER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, R.K. [General Atomics, PO Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States)

    2004-10-01

    Three approaches to obtain information on the confined fast alphas in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) are proposed. The first technique measures the energetic charge exchange (CX) neutrals that result from the alpha collision-induced knock-on fuel ion tails undergoing electron capture on the MeV D neutral beams planned for heating and current drive. The second technique measures the energetic knock-on neutron tail due to alphas using the lengths of the proton recoil tracks produced by neutron collisions in nuclear emulsions. The range of the 14 to 20 MeV recoil protons increases by {approx}140 {mu}m per MeV. The third approach would measure the CX helium neutrals resulting from confined alphas capturing two electrons in the ablation cloud surrounding a dense gas jet that has been proposed for disruption mitigation in ITER.

  16. Nuclear diagnostic for fast alpha particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grisham, L.R.; Post, D.E. Jr.; Dawson, J.M.

    1983-11-23

    This invention relates generally to high energy confined plasmas and more particularly is directed to measuring the velocity distribution of confined energetic alpha particles resulting from deuterium-tritium fusion reactions in a confined energetic plasma.

  17. Transport of Radioactive Material by Alpha Recoil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Icenhour, A.S.

    2005-05-19

    The movement of high-specific-activity radioactive particles (i.e., alpha recoil) has been observed and studied since the early 1900s. These studies have been motivated by concerns about containment of radioactivity and the protection of human health. Additionally, studies have investigated the potential advantage of alpha recoil to effect separations of various isotopes. This report provides a review of the observations and results of a number of the studies.

  18. Alpha particles in effective field theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caniu, C.

    2014-11-11

    Using an effective field theory for alpha (?) particles at non-relativistic energies, we calculate the strong scattering amplitude modified by Coulomb corrections for a system of two ?s. For the strong interaction, we consider a momentum-dependent interaction which, in contrast to an energy dependent interaction alone [1], could be more useful in extending the theory to systems with more than two ? particles. We will present preliminary results of our EFT calculations for systems with two alpha particles.

  19. Calibrations of alpha Cen A & B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Morel; J. Provost; Y. Lebreton; F. Thevenin; G. Berthomieu

    2000-10-10

    Detailed evolutionary models of the visual binary alpha Centauri, including pre main-sequence evolution, have been performed using the masses recently determined by Pourbaix et al. (1999). Models have been constructed using the CEFF equation of state, OPAL opacities, NACRE thermonuclear reaction rates and microscopic diffusion. A chi^2-minimization is performed to derive the most reliable set of modeling parameters wp={t_alpha Cen, Yi, [Fe/H]i, alpha A, alpha B}, where t alpha Cen is the age of the system, Yi the initial helium content, [Fe/H]i the initial metallicity and, alpha A and alpha B the convection parameters of the two components. Using the basic Bohm-Vitense (1958) mixing-length theory of convection, we derive wp BV={2710 Myr, 0.284,0.257, 1.53, 1.57}. We obtain a noticeably smaller age than estimated previously, in agreement with Pourbaix et al. (1999), mainly because of the larger masses. If convective core overshoot is considered we get wp ov={3530 Myr, 0.279,0.264,1.64,1.66}. The use of Canuto & Mazitelli (1991, 1992) convection theory leads to the set wp CM={4086 Myr, 0.271, 0.264, 0.964, 0.986}. Using the observational constraints adopted by Guenther & Demarque (2000), and the basic mixing-length theory, we obtain wp GD={5640 Myr, 0.300, 0.296, 1.86, 1.97} and surface lithium depletions close to their observed values. A seismological analysis of our calibrated models has been performed. The determination of large and small spacings between the frequencies of acoustic oscillations from seismic observations would help to discriminate between the models of alpha Cen computed with different masses and to confirm or rules out the new determination of masses.

  20. Preparation and properties of (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2. 2. 2)oct-3-yl- (R)-(+)-alpha-hydroxy-alpha-(4-( sup 125 I)iodophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate and (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2. 2. 2)oct-3-yl-(S)-(-)-alpha-hydroxy-alpha- (4-( sup 125 I)iodophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate as potential radiopharmaceuticals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, V.I.; Rzeszotarski, W.J.; Gibson, R.E.; Fan, L.H.; Reba, R.C. )

    1989-10-01

    rac-4-Nitrobenzilic acid was synthesized and resolved with quinidine and quinine to give the corresponding (R)- and (S)-salts. The resolved diastereomeric salts were converted to (R)- and (S)-4-nitrobenzilic acids and subsequent esterification gave their corresponding ethyl esters. Transesterification with (R)-(-)-3-quinuclidinol afforded (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl-(R)-(+)-alpha-hydroxy-alpha- (4-nitrophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate and (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl-(S)-(-)-alpha-hydroxy- alpha-(4-nitrophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate. After hydrogenation, the (R,R)- and (R,S)-amines were converted to the respective triazene derivatives. The triazene derivatives reacted with sodium ({sup 125}I)iodide to give (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl-(R)-(+)- alpha-hydroxy-alpha-(4-({sup 125}I)iodophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate and (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl-(S)-(-)-alpha-hydroxy- alpha-(4-(125I)iodophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate. The evaluation of their affinities to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (MAcChR) shows that (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl-(S)-(-)-alpha-hydroxy-alpha-(4- ({sup 125}I)iodophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate exhibits an affinity for the MAcChR from corpus striatum that is approximately threefold lower than that of (R)-(-)-1-azabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-3-yl-(R)-(+)-alpha-hydroxy-alpha-(4- ({sup 125}I)iodophenyl)-alpha-phenyl acetate.

  1. Development of high sensitivity radon detectors Y.Takeuchi a1 , K.Okumura a , T.Kajita a , S.Tasaka b , H.Hori b , M.Nemoto c , H.Okazawa d

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takeuchi, Yasuo

    Development of high sensitivity radon detectors Y.Takeuchi a1 , K.Okumura a , T.Kajita a , S detectors for radon in air and in water have been developed. We use electrostatic collection and a PIN. As a result of the calibration study, the absolute humidity dependence of the radon detector for air

  2. Inversion of a new circular-arc Radon transform for Compton scattering tomography This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen-Verger, Maï K.

    Inversion of a new circular-arc Radon transform for Compton scattering tomography This article has:10.1088/0266-5611/26/6/065005 Inversion of a new circular-arc Radon transform for Compton scattering-arc Radon transform arising from the mathematical modeling of image formation in a new modality of Compton

  3. Methods for the synthesis and polymerization of .alpha.,.alpha.'-dihalo-p-xylenes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ferraris, John P. (Coppell, TX); Neef, Charles J. (Garland, TX)

    2002-07-30

    The present invention describes an improved method for the polymerization of .alpha.,.alpha.-dihalo-p-xylene's such as the .alpha.,.alpha.'-dihalo-2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-xylene's. The procedure for synthesis is based on the specific order of addition of reagents and the use of an anionic initiator that allows control of the molecular weight of the polymer. The molecular weight control allows processability of the polymer which is important for its utility in applications including in light-emitting-diodes, field effect transistors and photovoltaic devices.

  4. Assessment of inhalation and ingestion doses from exposure to radon gas using passive and active detecting techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ismail, A. H.; Jafaar, M. S.

    2011-07-01

    The aim of this study was to assess an environmental hazard of radon exhalation rate from the samples of soil and drinking water in selected locations in Iraqi Kurdistan, passive (CR-39NTDs) and active (RAD7) detecting techniques has been employed. Long and short term measurements of emitted radon concentrations were estimated for 124 houses. High and lower radon concentration in soil samples was in the cities of Hajyawa and Er. Tyrawa, respectively. Moreover, for drinking water, high and low radon concentration was in the cities of Similan and Kelak, respectively. A comparison between our results with that mentioned in international reports had been done. Average annual dose equivalent to the bronchial epithelium, stomach and whole body in the cities of Kelak and Similan are estimated, and it was varied from 0.04{+-}0.01 mSv to 0.547{+-}0.018 mSv, (2.832{+-}0.22)x10{sup -5} to (11.972{+-}2.09)x10{sup -5} mSv, and (0.056 {+-}0.01) x10{sup -5} to (0.239{+-}0.01)x10{sup -5} mSv, respectively. This indicated that the effects of dissolved radon on the bronchial epithelium are much than on the stomach and whole body. (authors)

  5. Dynamics of soil gas radon concentration in a highly permeable soil based on a long-term high temporal resolution observation series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, Ákos

    Dynamics of soil gas radon concentration in a highly permeable soil based on a long-term high University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1/C, 1117 Budapest, Hungary b Institute for Soil Sciences and Agricultural periodicity Time series analysis a b s t r a c t This paper studies the temporal variation of soil gas radon

  6. S. 2844: A Bill to provide for radon testing. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, September 29, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    Bill S. 2844 provides for radon testing and is cited as the Department of Housing and Urban Development Policy Act. The bill provides the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) with a mandate to establish a departmental radon policy and program. The department will be required to use its programs to assist the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) address radon contamination. The bill also requires HUD, in coordination with the EPA, to develop a radon assessment and mitigation program which utilizes EPA recommended guidelines and standards to ensure that occupants of housing covered under this act are not exposed to elevated levels of radon. The entire contents of the bill are presented in eight sections entitled: Short Title, findings, Purpose, Definitions, Program, Information, Cooperation with Environmental Protection Agency, and Authorization. The bill was referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs.

  7. Piper Alpha and Independence Marion King Hubbert (1903 1989) Piper Alpha (6 July 1988)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    be a second Piper Alpha tragedy for Scotland if its historical effect on oil production has not been by the Yes campaign. Following Piper Alpha, oil production was deliberately cut back in order to allow assessment of Scotland's likely remaining oil wealth (including new finds). The Hubbert production forecast

  8. R(s) and hadronic tau-Decays in Order alpha_s^4: technical aspects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Baikov; K. G. Chetyrkin; J. H. Kühn

    2009-06-16

    We report on some technical aspects of our calculation of alpha_s^4 corrections to R(s) and the semi-leptonic tau decay width [1-3]. We discuss the inner structure of the result as well as the issue of its correctness. We demonstrate recently appeared independent evidence positively testing one of two components of the full result.

  9. Determination of radon concentration in water using RAD7 with RAD H{sub 2}O accessories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malik, M. F. I.; Rabaiee, N. A.; Jaafar, M. S.

    2015-04-24

    In the last decade, the radon issue has become one of the major problems of radiation protection. Radon exposure occurs when using water for showering, washing dishes, cooking and drinking water. RAD7 and Rad H20 accessories were used in order to measure radon concentration in water sample. In this study, four types of water were concerns which are reverse osmosis (drinking water), mineral water, tap water and well water. Reverse osmosis (drinking water) and mineral water were bought from the nearest supermarket while tap water and well water were taken from selected areas of Pulau Pinang and Kedah. Total 20 samples were taken with 5 samples for each type of water. The measured radon concentration ranged from 2.9±2.9 to 79.5±17 pCi/L, 2.9±2.9 to 67.8±16 pCi/L, 15.97±7 to 144.25±24 pCi/L and 374.89±37 to 6409.03±130 pCi/L in reverse osmosis (drinking water), mineral water, tap water and well water. Well water has the highest radon compared to others. It was due to their geological element such as granite. Results for all types of water are presented and compared with maximum contamination limit (MCL) recommended by United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) which is 300pCi/L. Reverse osmosis water, mineral water and tap water were fall below MCL. However, well water was exceeded maximum level that was recommended. Thus, these findings were suggested that an action should be taken to reduce radon concentration level in well water as well as reduce a health risk towards the public.

  10. Alternating current long range alpha particle detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacArthur, D.W.; McAtee, J.L.

    1993-02-16

    An alpha particle detector, utilizing alternating currents, which is capable of detecting alpha particles from distinct sources. The use of alternating currents allows use of simpler ac circuits which, in turn, are not susceptible to dc error components. It also allows the benefit of gas gain, if desired. In the invention, a voltage source creates an electric field between two conductive grids, and between the grids and a conductive enclosure. Air containing air ions created by collision with alpha particles is drawn into the enclosure and detected. In some embodiments, the air flow into the enclosure is interrupted, creating an alternating flow of ions. In another embodiment, a modulated voltage is applied to the grid, also modulating the detection of ions.

  11. Synthesis of peptide .alpha.-thioesters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Camarero, Julio A. (Livermore, CA); Mitchell, Alexander R. (Livermore, CA); De Yoreo, James J. (Clayton, CA)

    2008-08-19

    Disclosed herein is a new method for the solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) of C-terminal peptide .alpha. thioesters using Fmoc/t-Bu chemistry. This method is based on the use of an aryl hydrazine linker, which is totally stable to conditions required for Fmoc-SPPS. When the peptide synthesis has been completed, activation of the linker is achieved by mild oxidation. The oxidation step converts the acyl-hydrazine group into a highly reactive acyl-diazene intermediate which reacts with an .alpha.-amino acid alkylthioester (H-AA-SR) to yield the corresponding peptide .alpha.-thioester in good yield. A variety of peptide thioesters, cyclic peptides and a fully functional Src homology 3 (SH3) protein domain have been successfully prepared.

  12. Nuclear diagnostic for fast alpha particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Grisham, Larry R. (Lawrence Township, Mercer County, NJ); Post, Jr., Douglass E. (Belle Mead, NJ); Dawson, John M. (Pacific Palisades, CA)

    1986-01-01

    Measurement of the velocity distribution of confined energetic alpha particles resulting from deuterium-tritium fusion reactions in a magnetically contained plasma is provided. The fusion plasma is seeded with energetic boron neutrals for producing, by means of the reaction .sup.10 B (.alpha.,n) .sup.13 N reaction, radioactive nitrogen nuclei which are then collected by a probe. The radioactivity of the probe is then measured by conventional techniques in determining the energy distribution of the alpha particles in the plasma. In a preferred embodiment, diborane gas (B.sub.2 H.sub.6) is the source of the boron neutrals to produce .sup.13 N which decays almost exclusively by positron emission with a convenient half-life of 10 minutes.

  13. Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Bethke; A. H. Hoang; S. Kluth; J. Schieck; I. W. Stewart; S. Aoki; M. Beneke; J. Blumlein; N. Brambilla; S. Brodsky; S. Descotes-Genon; J. Erler; S. Forte; T. Gehrmann; C. Glasman; M. Golterman; S. Hashimoto; A. Kronfeld; J. Kuhn; P. Lepage; A. Martin; V. Mateu; S. Menke; Y. Nomura; C. Pahl; F. Petriello; A. Pich; K. Rabbertz; G. Salam; H. Schulz; R. Sommer; M. Steinhauser; B. Webber; CP. Yuan; G. Zanderighi

    2011-10-22

    These are the proceedings of the "Workshop on Precision Measurements of alphas" held at the Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich, February 9-11, 2011. The workshop explored in depth the determination of alphas(mZ) in the MS-bar scheme from the key categories where high precision measurements are currently being made, including DIS and global PDF fits, tau-decays, electroweak precision observables and Z-decays, event-shapes, and lattice QCD. These proceedings contain a short summary contribution from the speakers, as well as the lists of authors, conveners, participants, and talks.

  14. Fan-less long range alpha detector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    MacArthur, D.W.; Bounds, J.A.

    1994-05-10

    A fan-less long range alpha detector is disclosed which operates by using an electrical field between a signal plane and the surface or substance to be monitored for air ions created by collisions with alpha radiation. Without a fan, the detector can operate without the possibility of spreading dust and potential contamination into the atmosphere. A guard plane between the signal plane and the electrically conductive enclosure and maintained at the same voltage as the signal plane, reduces leakage currents. The detector can easily monitor soil, or other solid or liquid surfaces. 2 figures.

  15. On the injectivity of the circular Radon transform arising in thermoacoustic tomography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaik Ambartsoumian; Peter Kuchment

    2004-12-25

    The circular Radon transform integrates a function over the set of all spheres with a given set of centers. The problem of injectivity of this transform (as well as inversion formulas, range descriptions, etc.) arises in many fields from approximation theory to integral geometry, to inverse problems for PDEs, and recently to newly developing types of tomography. The article discusses known and provides new results that one can obtain by methods that essentially involve only the finite speed of propagation and domain dependence for the wave equation.

  16. Radon transform on the cylinder and tomography of a particle on the circle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Asorey; P. Facchi; V. I. Man'ko; G. Marmo; S. Pascazio; E. G. C. Sudarshan

    2007-03-28

    The tomographic probability distribution on the phase space (cylinder) related to a circle or an interval is introduced. The explicit relations of the tomographic probability densities and the probability densities on the phase space for the particle motion on a torus are obtained and the relation of the suggested map to the Radon transform on the plane is elucidated. The generalization to the case of a multidimensional torus is elaborated and the geometrical meaning of the tomographic probability densities as marginal distributions on the helix discussed.

  17. AIR AND RADON PATHWAY MODELING FOR THE F-AREA TANK FARM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dixon, K; Mark Phifer, M

    2007-09-17

    The F-Area Tank Farm (FTF) is located within F-Area in the General Separations Area (GSA) of the Savannah River Site (SRS) as seen in Figure 1. The GSA contains the F and H Area Separations Facilities, the S-Area Defense Waste Processing Facility, the Z-Area Saltstone Facility, and the E-Area Low-Level Waste Disposal Facilities. The FTF is a nearly rectangular shaped area and comprises approximately 20 acres, which is bounded by SRS coordinates N 76,604.5 to N 77,560.0 and E 52,435.0 to E 53,369.0. SRS is in the process of preparing a Performance Assessment (PA) to support FTF closure. As part of the PA process, an analysis was conducted to evaluate the potential magnitude of gaseous release of radionuclides from the FTF over the 100-year institutional control period and 10,000-year post-closure compliance period. Specifically, an air and radon pathways analysis has been conducted to estimate the flux of volatile radionuclides and radon at the ground surface due to residual waste remaining in the tanks following closure. This analysis was used as the basis to estimate the dose to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) for the air pathway per Curie (Ci) of each radionuclide remaining in the combined FTF waste tanks. For the air pathway analysis, several gaseous radionuclides were considered. These included carbon-14 (C-14), chlorine-36 (Cl-36), iodine-129 (I-129), selenium-79 (Se-79), antimony-125 (Sb-125), tin-126 (Sn-126), tritium (H-3), and technetium-99 (Tc-99). The dose to the MEI was estimated at the SRS Boundary during the 100 year institutional control period. For the 10,000 year post closure compliance period, the dose to the MEI was estimated at the 100 m compliance point. For the radon pathway analysis, five parent radionuclides and their progeny were analyzed. These parent radionuclides included uranium-238 (U-238), plutonium-238 (Pu-238), uranium-234 (U-234), thorium-230 (Th-230), and radium-226 (Ra-226). The peak flux of radon-222 due to each parent radionuclide was estimated for the simulation period of 10,100 years.

  18. Ground radon survey of a geothermal area in Hawaii | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New PagesInformationEnergyInformation radon survey of a

  19. Transformer Recharging with Alpha Channeling in Tokamaks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N.J. Fisch

    2009-12-21

    Transformer recharging with lower hybrid waves in tokamaks can give low average auxiliary power if the resistivity is kept high enough during the radio frequency (rf) recharging stage. At the same time, operation in the hot ion mode via alpha channeling increases the effective fusion reactivity. This paper will address the extent to which these two large cost saving steps are compatible. __________________________________________________

  20. Control of contamination of radon-daughters in the DEAP-3600 acrylic vessel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jillings, Chris; Collaboration: DEAP Collaboration; and others

    2013-08-08

    DEAP-3600 is a 3600kg single-phase liquid-argon dark matter detector under construction at SNOLAB with a sensitivity of 10{sup ?46}cm{sup 2} for a 100 GeV WIMP. The argon is held an an acrylic vessel coated with wavelength-shifting 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl-1,3-butadiene (TPB). Acrylic was chosen because it is optically transparent at the shifted wavelength of 420 nm; an effective neutron shield; and physically strong. With perfect cleaning of the acrylic surface before data taking the irreducible background is that from bulk {sup 210}Pb activity that is near the surface. To achieve a background rate of 0.01 events in the 1000-kg fiducial volume per year of exposure, the allowed limit of Pb-210 in the bulk acrylic is 31 mBq/tonne (= 1.2 × 10{sup ?20}g/g). We discuss how pure acrylic was procured and manufactured into a complete vessel paying particular attention to exposure to radon during all processes. In particular field work at the acrylic panel manufacturer, RPT Asia, and acrylic monomer supplier, Thai MMA Co. Ltd, in Thailand is described. The increased diffusion of radon during annealing the acrylic at 90C as well as techniques to mitigate against this are described.

  1. A model system to study the effects of beta-carotene on radon-stimulated oncogenesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seifter, E.; Mendecki, J.; Dawson, H.; Goodwin, P.; Friedenthal, E. [Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY (United States)

    1992-12-31

    Work from our laboratory has established that, in mice, the radioprotective action of supplemental beta-carotene provides protection against several insults: low-dose, gamma-irradiation-enhanced mammary tumor appearance and death in C3H mice carrying the mammary tumor virus but not in mouse strains not carrying the virus; low-dose, whole-body, gamma-irradiation-stimulated lung metastasis of Swiss and C57 mice bearing transplants of 10{sup 4} Lewis lung tumor cells injected into the hind limb, but not causing lung tumors in mice inoculated only with a buffer carrier or the same carrier containing 10{sup 2} tumor cells. Similarly, gamma-irradiation or the radiomimetic chemical cyclophosphamide decreased the amount of viral inoculum (Moloney sarcoma virus) required to cause sarcomas at the injection site, i.e., it decreased the TD{sub 50}. We now propose long-term (20- to 30-mo) studies on the effects of exposure to radon in these systems. The second aim of this study (and major thrust of this paper) is to determine how supplemental beta-carotene might modify the effect of exposure to radon in mice subjected to the insults described.

  2. Noise properties of low-dose X-ray CT sinogram data in Radon space , Hongbing Lu2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noise properties of low-dose X-ray CT sinogram data in Radon space Jing Wang1 , Hongbing Lu2 statistical moments will improve low-dose CT image reconstruction for screening applications. Keywords: Low-dose]. However, clinical use of CT frequently exposes the patients to excessive X-ray radiation [4

  3. Radon (Rn-222) and thoron (Rn-220) emanation fractions from three separate formations of oil field pipe scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fruchtnicht, Erich Harold

    2004-11-15

    because of the external radiation exposure but also because of the radon gas emissions, both of which are due to the radioactive minerals contained in the scale. It was believed that the structure of the scale is formed tightly enough to prevent much...

  4. Nuclear isospin asymmetry in $\\alpha$ decays of heavy nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shin, Eunkyoung; Hyun, Chang Ho; Oh, Yongseok

    2015-01-01

    The effects of nuclear isospin asymmetry on $\\alpha$ decay lifetimes of heavy nuclei are investigated within various phenomenological models of nuclear potential for the $\\alpha$ particle. We consider the widely used simple square well potential and Woods-Saxon potential, and modify them by including an isospin asymmetry term. We then suggest a model for the potential of the $\\alpha$ particle motivated by a microscopic phenomenological approach of the Skyrme force model, which naturally introduce the isospin dependent form of the nuclear potential for the $\\alpha$ particle. The empirical $\\alpha$ decay lifetime formula of Viola and Seaborg is also modified to include isospin asymmetry effects. The obtained $\\alpha$ decay half-lives are in good agreement with the experimental data and we find that including the nuclear isospin effects somehow improves the theoretical results for $\\alpha$ decay half-lives. The implications of these results are discussed and the predictions on the $\\alpha$ decay lifetimes of sup...

  5. Antibody-mediated reduction of {alpha}-ketoamides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Schultz, P.G.; Gallop, M.A.

    1998-06-09

    Monoclonal antibodies raised against a 4-nitrophenyl phosphonate hapten catalyze the stereospecific reduction of an {alpha}-ketoamide to the corresponding {alpha}-hydroxyamide in the presence of an appropriate reducing agent.

  6. The effects of alpha particle irradiation on stainless steel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shipp, John Douglas

    1999-01-01

    A Monte Carlo code was developed to calculate the alpha particle emission rate from WGPu. It yielded information pertaining to the alpha particle source strength at the WGPU and stainless steel interface as well as the damage production and He...

  7. A faunal survey and zoogeographic analysis of the Circulionoidea (Coleoptera) (excluding Anthribidae, Platypodinae, and Scolytinae) of the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlow, Tami Anne

    1997-01-01

    An annotated list of the Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) (excluding Anthribidae, Platypodinae, and Scolytinae) is presented for the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) of Texas. The list includes species that occur in Cameron, ...

  8. Alpha Cluster Model of Atomic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosin, Zbigniew; Kallunkathariyil, Jinesh; ?ukasik, Jerzy; Paw?owski, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    The description of the nuclear system in its ground state and at low excitations based on the equation of state (EoS) around the saturation density is presented. In the expansion of the EoS around the saturation point additional spin polarization terms are taken into account. In addition for atomic nuclei a correction of the average nucleonic energy for the surface energy is introduced. The ground state configurations for the N=Z even-even nuclei, obtained with the proposed EoS, exhibit a clear cluster structure. At the nuclear surface these clusters can be identified as alpha particles. Taking into account an additional interaction between clusters the binding energy and sizes of the considered nuclei are very accurately described. From properties of the {\\alpha} particle, 3He and t limits of the EoS parameters are established.

  9. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 450 (2000) 568}572 Uncertainty in radon measurements with CR39 detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Peter K.N.

    2000-01-01

    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 450 (2000) 568}572 Uncertainty in radon onto avail- able inner surfaces before decay. The deposition changes the irradiation geometry

  10. Discovery of the $^{151}$Eu $\\alpha$ decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casali, N; Orio, F; Pattavina, L; Beeman, J W; Bellini, F; Cardani, L; Dafinei, I; Di Domizio, S; Di Vacri, M L; Gironi, L; Kosmyna, M B; Nazarenko, B P; Nisi, S; Pessina, G; Piperno, G; Pirro, S; Rusconi, C; Shekhovtsov, A N; Tomei, C; Vignati, M

    2013-01-01

    We report on the observation of the $^{151}$Eu $\\alpha$ decay to the ground state of $^{147}$Pm. We measured a half-life of T_{1/2}=(4.62$\\pm$0.95(stat.)$\\pm$0.68(syst.))$\\times 10^{18}$ y and a Q-value of 1948.9$\\pm$6.9 keV, using a 6.15 g Li$_6$Eu(BO$_3$)$_3$ crystal operated as scintillating bolometer.

  11. A new seismic analysis of Alpha Centauri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Thoul; R. Scuflaire; A. Noels; B. Vatovez; M. Briquet; M. -A. Dupret; J. Montalban

    2003-03-20

    Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (2002) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge and Magain (1997). The seismological data obtained by Bouchy and Carrier (2001, 2002) do help improve our knowledge of the evolutionary status of the system. All the constraints are satisfied with a model which gives an age of about 6 Gyr for the binary.

  12. A new seismic analysis of Alpha Centauri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thoul, A; Noels, A; Vatovez, B; Briquet, M; Dupret, M A; Montalban, J

    2003-01-01

    Models of alpha Cen A & B have been computed using the masses determined by Pourbaix et al. (2002) and the data derived from the spectroscopic analysis of Neuforge and Magain (1997). The seismological data obtained by Bouchy and Carrier (2001, 2002) do help improve our knowledge of the evolutionary status of the system. All the constraints are satisfied with a model which gives an age of about 6 Gyr for the binary.

  13. Detection of alpha radiation in a beta radiation field

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mohagheghi, Amir H. (Albuquerque, NM); Reese, Robert P. (Edgewood, NM)

    2001-01-01

    An apparatus and method for detecting alpha particles in the presence of high activities of beta particles utilizing an alpha spectrometer. The apparatus of the present invention utilizes a magnetic field applied around the sample in an alpha spectrometer to deflect the beta particles from the sample prior to reaching the detector, thus permitting detection of low concentrations of alpha particles. In the method of the invention, the strength of magnetic field required to adequately deflect the beta particles and permit alpha particle detection is given by an algorithm that controls the field strength as a function of sample beta energy and the distance of the sample to the detector.

  14. Alpha Particle Physics Experiments in the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Budny, R.V.; Darrow, D.S.; Medley, S.S.; Nazikian, R.; Zweben, S.J.; et al.

    1998-12-14

    Alpha particle physics experiments were done on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) during its deuterium-tritium (DT) run from 1993-1997. These experiments utilized several new alpha particle diagnostics and hundreds of DT discharges to characterize the alpha particle confinement and wave-particle interactions. In general, the results from the alpha particle diagnostics agreed with the classical single-particle confinement model in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) quiescent discharges. Also, the observed alpha particle interactions with sawteeth, toroidal Alfvén eigenmodes (TAE), and ion cyclotron resonant frequency (ICRF) waves were roughly consistent with theoretical modeling. This paper reviews what was learned and identifies what remains to be understood.

  15. Probing surface distribution of $\\alpha$-cluster in $^{20}$Ne via $\\alpha$-transfer reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fukui, Tokuro; Suhara, Tadahiro; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko; Ogata, Kazuyuki

    2015-01-01

    Direct evidence of the $\\alpha$-cluster development in bound states has not been obtained yet although a number of experimental studies were carried out to extract the information of the clustering. In particular in conventional analyses of $\\alpha$-transfer reactions, there exist a few significant problems on reaction models, which are insufficient to qualitatively discuss the cluster structure. We aim to verify the development of the $\\alpha$-cluster structure from observables. As the first application, it is argued to extract the spatial information of the cluster structure of the $^{20}$Ne nucleus in its ground state through the cross section of the $\\alpha$-transfer reaction $^{16}$O($^6$Li,~$d$)$^{20}$Ne. For the analysis of the transfer reaction, we work with the coupled-channels Born approximation (CCBA) approach, in which the breakup effect of $^6$Li is explicitly taken into account by means of the continuum-discretized coupled-channels method (CDCC) based on the three-body $\\alpha + d + {}^{16}$O mo...

  16. Radon and material radiopurity assessment for the NEXT double beta decay experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cebrián, S; Bandac, I; Labarga, L; Álvarez, V; Barrado, A I; Bettini, A; Borges, F I G M; Camargo, M; Cárcel, S; Cervera, A; Conde, C A N; Conde, E; Dafni, T; Díaz, J; Esteve, R; Fernandes, L M P; Fernández, M; Ferrario, P; Freitas, E D C; Gehman, V M; Goldschmidt, A; Gómez-Cadenas, J J; González-Díaz, D; Gutiérrez, R M; Hauptman, J; Morata, J A Hernando; Herrera, D C; Irastorza, I G; Laing, A; Liubarsky, I; López-March, N; Lorca, D; Losada, M; Luzón, G; Marí, A; Martín-Albo, J; Martínez, A; Martínez-Lema, G; Miller, T; Monrabal, F; Monserrate, M; Monteiro, C M B; Mora, F J; Moutinho, L M; Vidal, J Muñoz; Nebot-Guinot, M; Nygren, D; Oliveira, C A B; de Solórzano, A Ortiz; Aparicio, J L Pérez; Querol, M; Renner, J; Ripoll, L; Rodríguez, J; Santos, F P; Santos, J M F dos; Serra, L; Shuman, D; Simón, A; Sofka, C; Sorel, M; Toledo, J F; Torrent, J; Tsamalaidze, Z; Veloso, J F C A; Villar, J A; Webb, R C; White, J T; Yahlali, N

    2015-01-01

    The Neutrino Experiment with a Xenon TPC (NEXT), intended to investigate the neutrinoless double beta decay using a high-pressure xenon gas TPC filled with Xe enriched in 136Xe at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory in Spain, requires ultra-low background conditions demanding an exhaustive control of material radiopurity and environmental radon levels. An extensive material screening process is underway for several years based mainly on gamma-ray spectroscopy using ultra-low background germanium detectors in Canfranc but also on mass spectrometry techniques like GDMS and ICPMS. Components from shielding, pressure vessel, electroluminescence and high voltage elements and energy and tracking readout planes have been analyzed, helping in the final design of the experiment and in the construction of the background model. The latest measurements carried out will be presented and the implication on NEXT of their results will be discussed. The commissioning of the NEW detector, as a first step towards NEXT, has star...

  17. Radon backgrounds in the DEAP-1 liquid argon based Dark Matter detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amaudruz, P -A; Beltran, B; Boudjemline, K; Caldwell, M G Boulay B Cai T; Chen, M; Chouinard, R; Cleveland, B T; Contreras, D; Dering, K; Duncan, F; Ford, R; Giuliani, R Gagnon F; Golovko, M Gold V V; Gorel, P; Graham, K; Grant, D R; Hakobyan, R; Hallin, A L; Harvey, P; Hearns, C; Jillings, C J; Ku?niak, M; Lawson, I; Li, O; Lidgard, J; Liimatainen, P; Lippincott, W H; Mathew, R; McDonald, A B; McElroy, T; McFarlane, K; McKinsey, D; Muir, A; Nantais, C; Nicolics, K; Nikkel, J; Noble, T; O'Dwyer, E; Olsen, K S; Ouellet, C; Pasuthip, P; Pollmann, T; Rau, W; Retiere, F; Ronquest, M; Skensved, P; Sonley, T; Vázquez-Jáuregui, E; Veloce, L; Ward, M

    2012-01-01

    The DEAP-1 \\SI{7}{kg} single phase liquid argon scintillation detector was operated underground at SNOLAB in order to test the techniques and measure the backgrounds inherent to single phase detection, in support of the DEAP-3600 Dark Matter detector. Backgrounds in DEAP are controlled through material selection, construction techniques, pulse shape discrimination and event reconstruction. This report details the analysis of background events observed in three iterations of the DEAP-1 detector, and the measures taken to reduce them. The $^{222}$Rn decay rate in the liquid argon was measured to be between 16 and \\SI{26}{\\micro\\becquerel\\per\\kilogram}. We found that the background spectrum near the region of interest for Dark Matter detection in the final DEAP-1 detector generation is well described considering events from three sources: radon daughters decaying on the surface of the active volume, the expected rate of electromagnetic events misidentified as nuclear recoils due to inefficiencies in the pulse sh...

  18. Regularity properties of stationary harmonic functions whose Laplacian is a Radon measure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rémy Rodiac

    2015-04-28

    We study the regularity of Radon measures $\\mu$ which satisfy that there exists a function $h_\\mu$ in $H^1(\\Omega)$, stationary harmonic such that $\\Delta h_\\mu =\\mu$ in $\\Omega$ (here $\\Omega$ is an open set of $\\mathbb{R}^2$). Such conditions appear in physical contexts such as the study of a limiting vorticity measure associated to a family $(u_\\varepsilon)_\\varepsilon$ of solutions of the Ginzburg-Landau system without magnetic field. Under these conditions we prove that locally there exists a harmonic function $H$ such that the support of the measure is contained in the set of zeros of $H$. Using the local structure of the set of zeros of harmonic functions we can thus obtain that locally the support of $\\mu$ is a union of smooth simple

  19. Robust Hydraulic Fracture Monitoring (HFM) of Multiple Time Overlapping Events Using a Generalized Discrete Radon Transform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ely, Gregory

    2013-01-01

    In this work we propose a novel algorithm for multiple-event localization for Hydraulic Fracture Monitoring (HFM) through the exploitation of the sparsity of the observed seismic signal when represented in a basis consisting of space time propagators. We provide explicit construction of these propagators using a forward model for wave propagation which depends non-linearly on the problem parameters - the unknown source location and mechanism of fracture, time and extent of event, and the locations of the receivers. Under fairly general assumptions and an appropriate discretization of these parameters we first build an over-complete dictionary of generalized Radon propagators and assume that the data is well represented as a linear superposition of these propagators. Exploiting this structure we propose sparsity penalized algorithms and workflow for super-resolution extraction of time overlapping multiple seismic events from single well data.

  20. {alpha} decay and shape coexistence in the {alpha}-rotor model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richards, J.D.; Bingham, C.R.; Nazarewicz, W.; Wauters, J.; Berggren, T.; Berggren, T.; Bingham, C.R.; Nazarewicz, W.; Nazarewicz, W.

    1997-09-01

    The particle-plus-rotor model was employed to study the fine structure seen in the {alpha} decay of even-even neutron-deficient nuclei in the Hg-Po region. The configuration mixing resulting from the shape coexistence between well-deformed prolate bands and spherical (or quasirotational oblate) structures in the daughter nuclei was considered. Experimental {alpha}-decay branching ratios are reproduced within one order of magnitude, except for the case of {sup 180}Hg, where the daughter nucleus {sup 176}Pt is expected to be triaxial in its ground state. The effect of configuration mixing on the relative intensities is discussed in detail, together with the sensitivity of results to the choice of the {alpha}-nucleus optical model parameters. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  1. The 106Cd(alpha,alpha)106Cd elastic scattering in a wide energy range for gamma-process studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Ornelas; G. G. Kiss; P. Mohr; D. Galaviz; Zs. Fülöp; Gy. Gyürky; Z. Máté; T. Rauscher; E. Somorjai; K. Sonnabend; A. Zilges

    2015-04-29

    Alpha elastic scattering angular distributions of the 106Cd(alpha,alpha)106Cd reaction were measured at three energies around the Coulomb barrier to provide a sensitive test for the alpha + nucleus optical potential parameter sets. Furthermore, the new high precision angular distributions, together with the data available from the literature were used to study the energy dependence of the locally optimized {\\alpha}+nucleus optical potential in a wide energy region ranging from E_Lab = 27.0 MeV down to 16.1 MeV. The potentials under study are a basic prerequisite for the prediction of alpha-induced reaction cross sections and thus, for the calculation of stellar reaction rates used for the astrophysical gamma process. Therefore, statistical model predictions using as input the optical potentials discussed in the present work are compared to the available 106Cd + alpha cross section data.

  2. Production of A=6,7 Nuclides in the Alpha + Alpha Reaction and Cosmic Ray Nucleosynthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David J. Mercer; Sam M. Austin; J. A. Brown; S. A. Danczyk; S. E. Hirzebruck; J. H. Kelley; T. Suomijarvi; D. A. Roberts; T. P Walker

    2001-04-03

    Cross sections for production of 6He, 6Li, 7Li, and 7Be in the alpha+alpha reaction were measured at bombarding energies of 159.3, 279.6, and 619.8 MeV, and are found to decrease rapidly with increasing energy. These cross sections are essential for the calculation of the rate of nucleosynthesis of the lithium isotopes in the cosmic rays and thereby play a key role in our understanding of the synthesis of Li, Be, and B. The results for 6Li differ significantly from the tabulated values commonly used in cosmic-ray production calculations and lead to lower production of 6Li.

  3. Alpha resonant scattering for astrophysical reaction studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, H.; Kahl, D.; Nakao, T. [Center for Nuclear Study (CNS), University of Tokyo, RIKEN campus, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Wakabayashi, Y.; Kubano, S. [The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Hashimoto, T. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, 10-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Hayakawa, S. [Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare - Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (INFN-LNS), Via S. Sofia 62, 95125 Catania (Italy); Kawabata, T. [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kita-Shirakawa, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Iwasa, N. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Aoba, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan); Teranishi, T. [Department of Physics, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581 (Japan); Kwon, Y. K. [Institute for Basic Science, 70, Yuseong-daero 1689-gil, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-811 (Korea, Republic of); Binh, D. N. [30 MeV Cyclotron Center, Tran Hung Dao Hospital, Hoan Kiem District, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Khiem, L. H.; Duy, N. G. [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hong Quoc Viet, Nghia do, Hanoi (Viet Nam)

    2014-05-02

    Several alpha-induced astrophysical reactions have been studied at CRIB (CNS Radioactive Ion Beam separator), which is a low-energy RI beam separator at Center for Nuclear Study (CNS) of the University of Tokyo. One of the methods to study them is the ? resonant scattering using the thick-target method in inverse kinematics. Among the recent studies at CRIB, the measurement of {sup 7}Be+? resonant scattering is discussed. Based on the result of the experiment, we evaluated the contributions of high-lying resonances for the {sup 7}Be(?,?) reaction, and proposed a new cluster band in {sup 11}C.

  4. Excluding the light dark matter window of a 331 model using LHC and direct dark matter detection data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cogollo, D.; Gonzalez-Morales, Alma X.; Queiroz, Farinaldo S.; Teles, P. Rebello E-mail: alxogonz@ucsc.edu E-mail: patricia.rebello.teles@cern.ch

    2014-11-01

    We sift the impact of the recent Higgs precise measurements, and recent dark matter direct detection results, on the dark sector of an electroweak extension of the Standard Model that has a complex scalar as dark matter. We find that in this model the Higgs decays with a large branching ratio into dark matter particles, and charged scalars when these are kinematically available, for any coupling strength differently from the so called Higgs portal. Moreover, we compute the abundance and spin-independent WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section, which are driven by the Higgs and Z{sup '} boson processes. We decisively exclude the 1–500 GeV dark matter window and find the most stringent lower bound in the literature on the scale of symmetry breaking of the model namely 10 TeV, after applying the LUX-2013 limit. Interestingly, the projected XENON1T constraint will be able to rule out the entire 1 GeV–1000 GeV dark matter mass range. Lastly, for completeness, we compute the charged scalar production cross section at the LHC and comment on the possibility of detection at current and future LHC runnings.

  5. The end-to-end distribution function for a flexible chain with weak excluded-volume interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. D. Drozdov

    2004-06-25

    An explicit expression is derived for the distribution function of end-to-end vectors and for the mean square end-to-end distance of a flexible chain with excluded-volume interactions. The Hamiltonian for a flexible chain with weak intra-chain interactions is determined by two small parameters: the ratio $\\epsilon$ of the energy of interaction between segments (within a sphere whose radius coincides with the cut-off length for the potential) to the thermal energy, and the ratio $\\delta$ of the cut-off length to the radius of gyration for a Gaussian chain. Unlike conventional approaches grounded on the mean-field evaluation of the end-to-end distance, the Green function is found explicitly (in the first approximation with respect to $\\epsilon$). It is demonstrated that (i) the distribution function depends on $\\epsilon$ in a regular way, while its dependence on $\\delta$ is singular, and (ii) the leading term in the expression for the mean square end-to-end distance linearly grows with $\\epsilon$ and remains independent of $\\delta$.

  6. Collaborative Proposal: DUSEL R&D at the Kimballton Underground Facility (ICP-MS Confirmation, Material Assay, and Radon Reduction)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henning O. Back

    2010-11-30

    Experiments measuring rare events, such as neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay, and those searching for, or measuring very weakly interacting particles, such as low energy solar neutrino experiments or direct dark matter searches, require ever lower backgrounds; particularly those from radioactive contamination of detector materials. The underground physics community strives to identify and develop materials with radioactive contamination at permissible levels, and to remove radioactive contaminants from materials, but each such material represents a separate dedicated research and development effort. This project attempted to help these research communities by expanding the capabilities in the United States, for indentifying low levels of radioactive contamination in detector materials through gamma ray spectroscopy. Additionally the project tried to make a cross comparison between well established gamma ray spectroscopy techniques for identifying radioactive contaminations and Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectroscopy, which is a relatively new method for searching for uranium and thorium in materials. The project also studied the removal of radioactive radon gas for laboratory air, which showed that an inexpensive technologically simple radon scrubber can potentially be used for homes or businesses with high radon levels even after the employment of other mitigation techniques.

  7. THE ATTENUATED RADON TRANSFORM: APPLICATION TO SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN THE PRESENCE OF A VARIABLE ATTENUATING MEDIUM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gullberg, Grant T.

    1980-03-01

    The properties of the attenuated Radon transform and its application to single-photon emission computed tomography (ECT) are analyzed in detail. In nuclear medicine and biological research, the objective of ECT is to describe quantitatively the position and strengths of internal sources of injected radiopharmaceuticals and radionuclides where the attenuation between the sources and detector is unknown. The problem is mathematically and practically quite different from well-known methods in transmission computed tomography (TCT) where only the attenuation is unknown. A mathematical structure using function theory and the theory of linear operators on Hilbert spaces is developed to better understand the spectral properties of the attenuated Radon transform. The continuous attenuated Radon transform is reduced to a matrix operator for discrete angular and lateral sampling, and the reconstruction problem reduces to a system of linear equations. For variable attenuation coefficients frequently found in imaging internal organs, the numerical methods developed in this paper involve iterative techniques of performing the generalized inverse. Its application to nuclear medicine is demonstrated by reconstructions of transverse sections of the brain, heart, and liver.

  8. Performance checks with the Alpha Sentry CAM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodgers, J.C.

    1994-08-01

    Before a CAM is put into service, it must be calibrated. The flow meter and detector must be calibrated with an external flow meter to provide accurate flow data, and the detector must be calibrated to produce accurate DPM data. Both flow and DPM data enter into the calculation of the Derived Air Concentration exposure (DAC-hr) by the CAM software. The focus of this report is on methods for checking that the DAC-hr alarm functionality has been properly calibrated and available in installed CAM instruments. The process begins with detector calibration. In order to calibrate the detector, the Alpha Sentry CAM is placed in an off-line calibration mode and detector efficiency calibration is selected. The user is prompted to enter the calibration source DPM and place the source in the CAM head. Upon latching the filter door with the source in place, a count is automatically initiated and completed. From the count data and the user entered DPM data, an efficiency is determined in the Alpha Sentry Manager (ASM) and stored in non-volatile memory in the CAM head electronics. This source is typically a plated {sup 239}Pu or {sup 241}Am source diffused into a stainless steel planchet.

  9. GHRS Observations of the Lyman alpha Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon L. Morris

    1996-10-28

    I review the results obtained using the GHRS on low redshift Lyman alpha absorbers. Until the advent of HST and the GHRS, the existence of such absorbers was doubted. The confirmation of their existence, in one of the first GHRS GTO team results to be published, must rank as one of the HSTs most interesting results. The GHRS resolution allows us to probe equivalent widths well below those detectable with the FOS, and has led to a number of interesting new questions. One example is the apparent disagreement between the GHRS result that there are many Lyman alpha absorbers which are not associated with luminous galaxies, and FOS studies which suggest that all such absorbers have a nearby galaxy causing them. This almost certainly shows that the equivalent width (or column density) range reachable by the GHRS includes gas from a wide range of causes, and not only the halos of luminous galaxies. With these data, we are seeing the debris left over from Galaxy formation, material flung out from galaxy interactions and starbursts, and also diffuse halo material at the outer edges of normal galaxies.

  10. MFTF-. cap alpha. + T progress report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, W.D.

    1985-04-01

    Early in FY 1983, several upgrades of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF-B) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) were proposed to the fusion community. The one most favorably received was designated MFTF-..cap alpha..+T. The engineering design of this device, guided by LLNL, has been a principal activity of the Fusion Engineering Design Center during FY 1983. This interim progress report represents a snapshot of the device design, which was begun in FY 1983 and will continue for several years. The report is organized as a complete design description. Because it is an interim report, some parts are incomplete; they will be supplied as the design study proceeds. As described in this report, MFTF-..cap alpha..+T uses existing facilities, many MFTF-B components, and a number of innovations to improve on the physics parameters of MFTF-B. It burns deuterium-tritium and has a central-cell Q of 2, a wall loading GAMMA/sub n/ of 2 MW/m/sup 2/ (with a central-cell insert module), and an availability of 10%. The machine is fully shielded, allows hands-on maintenance of components outside the vacuum vessel 24 h after shutdown, and has provisions for repair of all operating components.

  11. Lyman alpha Absorption Systems and the Intergalactic Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Efstathiou; Joop Schaye; Tom Theuns

    2000-04-10

    The last few years have seen a dramatic improvement in our understanding of the origin of Lyman alpha absorption systems. Hydrodynamic numerical simulations of cold dark matter dominated universes have shown that the many properties of the Lyman alpha absorption systems can be explained by a photoionized, space-filling, intergalactic medium. Lyman alpha lines offer promising probes of the photoionizing background, the amplitude of the mass fluctuations at high redshift and the evolution of the equation of state of the intergalactic medium.

  12. Scintillation of thin tetraphenyl butadiene films under alpha particle excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollmann, Tina; Ku?niak, Marcin

    2010-01-01

    The alpha induced scintillation of the wavelength shifter 1,1,4,4-tetraphenyl-1,3-butadiene (TPB) was studied to improve the understanding of possible surface alpha backgrounds in the DEAP dark matter search experiment. We found that vacuum deposited thin TPB films emit 882 +/-210 photons per MeV under alpha particle excitation. The scintillation pulse shape consists of a double exponential decay with lifetimes of 11 +/-5 ns and 275 +/-10ns.

  13. Two- and three-alpha systems with nonlocal potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Papp; S. Moszkowski

    2008-03-26

    Two body data alone cannot determine the potential uniquely, one needs three-body data as well. A method is presented here which simultaneously fits local or nonlocal potentials to two-body and three-body observables. The interaction of composite particles, due to the Pauli effect and the indistinguishability of the constituent particles, is genuinely nonlocal. As an example, we use a Pauli-correct nonlocal fish-bone type optical model for the $\\alpha-\\alpha$ potential and derive the fitting parameters such that it reproduces the two-$\\alpha$ and three-$\\alpha$ experimental data.

  14. Penguin pollution estimates relevant for phi_2/alpha extraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jure Zupan

    2007-08-16

    A review of methods to extract the standard CKM unitarity triangle angle alpha is provided. The sizes of related theoretical errors are reviewed.

  15. Alpha-particle optical potential proofs at astrophysically relevant energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Avrigeanu; V. Avrigeanu

    2008-11-01

    $(\\alpha,\\gamma)$ and $(\\alpha$,n) reaction cross sections recently measured close to the reaction thresholds are rather well described by a previously developed regional optical potential. Thus, particular features of the $\\alpha$-particle optical potential at energies below the Coulomb barrier, besides parameters describing $\\alpha$-particle elastic scattering at higher energies are confirmed. Additional limitations of similar statistical model calculations for minor reaction channels are shown to be most likely due to an overlooked process or critical values of statistical model parameters around closed nuclear shells.

  16. Revised application for an exempted fishing permit (EFP) to evaluate the effectiveness of a halibut excluder for the GOA trawl cod fishery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in this summary) provides total estimated catches for the EFP as well as per vessel estimates of catches field test of a halibut excluder designed to reduce halibut bycatch rates for smaller "inshore" catcher vessels that target Pacific cod in the Gulf of Alaska. The performance goal for this project is to reduce

  17. Lyman Alpha Absorption in The Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Richard Bond; James W. Wadsley

    1997-10-10

    We describe large scale structure at high redshift in terms of the Cosmic Web picture for {S,Lambda,O,H}CDM models: how galactic-scale ``peak-patches'', filaments and membranes create an interconnected intergalactic medium. The ideas are applied to our Ly$\\alpha$ forest simulations of ``shear-field patches''. We discuss simulation method and design, resolution dependence, the statistical combination of patches, UV flux scaling, and whether filtered Zel'dovich maps are useful. The response to changes in power spectrum shape and amplitude, and in cosmological parameters, is described. We also show Omega_b h^2 derived from UV rescaling is overestimated if the resolution is not adequate.

  18. Synthesis of alpha-amino acids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Davis, J.W. Jr.

    1983-01-25

    A method is described for synthesizing alpha amino acids proceeding through novel intermediates of the formulas: R[sub 1]R[sub 2]C(OSOCl)CN, R[sub 1]R[sub 2]C(Cl)CN and [R[sub 1]R[sub 2]C(CN)O][sub 2]SO wherein R[sub 1] and R[sub 2] are each selected from hydrogen monovalent substituted and unsubstituted hydrocarbon radicals of 1 to 10 carbon atoms. The use of these intermediates allows the synthesis steps to be exothermic and results in an overall synthesis method which is faster than the synthesis methods of the prior art. No Drawings

  19. Constraining Reionization with Lyman Alpha Emitting Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dijkstra, Mark

    2015-01-01

    Neutral diffuse intergalactic gas that existed during the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) suppresses Lyman Alpha (Lya) flux emitted by background galaxies. In this chapter I summarise the increasing observational support for the claim that Lya photons emitted by galaxies at z>6 are suppressed by intervening HI gas. I describe key physical processes that affect Lya transfer during the EoR. I argue that in spite of the uncertainties associated with this complex multiscale problem, the data on Lya emitting galaxies at z=0-6 strongly suggests that the observed reduction in Lya flux from galaxies at z>6 is due to additional intervening HI gas. The main question is what fraction of this additional HI gas is in the diffuse neutral IGM. I summarise how future surveys on existing and upcoming instruments are expected to reduce existing observational uncertainties enormously. With these improved data we will likely be able to nail down reionization with Lya emitting galaxies.

  20. Signatures of reionization on Lyman alpha emitters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratika Dayal; Andrea Ferrara; Simona Gallerani

    2008-07-23

    We use a semi-analytic model of Lyman alpha emitters (LAEs) to constrain the reionization history. By considering two physically motivated scenarios in which reionization ends either early (ERM, z_i ~ 7) or late (LRM, z_i ~ 6), we fix the global value of the IGM neutral fraction (e.g. chi_{HI}=3 times 10^{-4}, 0.15 at z=6.56 for the ERM and LRM, respectively) leaving only the star formation efficiency and the effective escape fraction of Lya photons as free parameters. The ERM fits the observed LAE luminosity function (LF) at z=5.7 and 6.56 requiring no redshift evolution or mass dependence of the star formation efficiency, and LAE star formation rates (SFR) of 3-103 solar masses/year, contributing approximately 8% of the cosmic SFR density at z=5.7. The LRM requires a physically uncomfortable drop of approximately 4.5 times in the SFR of the emitters from z=6.5 to 5.7. Thus, the data seem to imply that the Universe was already highly ionized at z=6.56. The mass-dependent Lya transmissivity is between 0.36-0.51 (ERM) and less than 0.26 (LRM) at z=6.56. The LF data at z=4.5 imply an extra Lya line damping factor of approximately 0.25 possibly due to dust; the presence of a (clumpy) dust component with E(B-V) ~ 0.28 is also required to reproduce the observed large Lya equivalent widths at the same redshift. Additional useful information can be extracted from the line profile (weighted) skewness, found to be S_W=10-17 Angstrom for the two reionization models, which shows an interesting L_alpha-chi_{HI} anti-correlation, holding under the model assumptions. The shortcomings of the model and strategies to overcome them are discussed.

  1. Automatic alpha-track counting with image analysis systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shymanski, Michael Joseph

    1990-01-01

    concentration. Typical environmental concentrations of uranium and radium in soils are estimated as 40 Bq kg-' or approximately 1000 pCi kg-i (BEIR IV). This concentration typically results in a radon flux at the soil/atmosphere interface of 4. 5x10-~ Bq m-~ s-t... to establish an explanation of why an increased calibration factor, for a track counting system, is observed with increasing photometer readings. Second, TSD measurements were made for films irradiated with a depleted uranium source in order to determine...

  2. Method for using a yeast alpha-amylase promoter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gao, Johnway (Richland, WA); Skeen, Rodney S. (Pendleton, OR); Hooker, Brian S. (Kennewick, WA); Anderson, Daniel B. (Pasco, WA)

    2003-04-22

    The present invention provides the promoter clone discovery of an alpha-amylase gene of a starch utilizing yeast strain Schwanniomyces castellii. The isolated alpha-amylase promoter is an inducible promoter, which can regulate strong gene expression in starch culture medium.

  3. Generating long streams of $1/f^alpha$ noise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Plaszczynski

    2008-07-09

    We review existing methods for generating long streams of 1/f^alpha noise ($0logistic maps, we give hints on how to design generators with $\\alpha>2$. The software is available from http://planck.lal.in2p3.fr/article.php3?id\\_article=8

  4. Environmental factors affecting long-term stabilization of radon suppression covers for uranium mill tailings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, J.K.; Long, L.W.; Reis, J.W.

    1982-04-01

    Pacific Northwest Laboratory is investigating the use of a rock armoring blanket (riprap) to mitigate wind and water erosion of an earthen radon suppression cover applied to uranium mill tailings. To help determine design stresses for the tailings piles, environmental parameters are characterized for the five active uranium-producing regions on a site-specific basis. Only conventional uranium mills that are currently operating or that are scheduled to open in the mid 1980s are considered. Available data indicate that flooding has the most potential for disrupting a tailings pile. The arid regions of the Wyoming Basins and the Colorado Plateau are subject to brief storms of high intensity. The Texas Gulf Coast has the highest potential for extreme precipitation from hurricane-related storms. Wind data indicate average wind speeds from 3 to 6 m/sec for the sites, but extremes of 40 m/sec can be expected. Tornado risks range from low to moderate. The Colorado Plateau has the highest seismic potential, with maximum acceleration caused by earthquakes ranging from 0.2 to 0.4 g. Any direct effect from volcanic eruption is negligible, as all mills are located 90 km or more from an igneous or hydrothermal system.

  5. An investigation of radon release and mobility in the subsurface environment. Final project report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, D.

    1997-06-01

    Processes affecting transport of volatile species in the shallow soil column have recently been recognized as having a substantial impact on a broad array of real world problems. Investigations of volatile transport have ranged from studies of probable health impacts of radon infiltration into homes to pesticide and volatile organic contaminant mobility in the soil column. The objectives of many of these studies has been the development of numerical models of vapor phase (and solute) transport in shallow soils. An early model, LEACHM, developed by Hutson and Wagenent was recently modified enabling it to describe both solute and vapor phase transport of volatile chemicals in the soil. Subsequent tests of the latter model, named LEACHV, showed that use outside of a very restricted range of soil conditions resulted in large mass balance errors and unreasonable values for soil gas concentrations and vapor flux. The present research was undertaken in an effort to identify and correct the subroutines responsible for the problems and to allow the model to describe vapor phase transport in a much broader range of soil conditions.

  6. A series of algebras generalizing the octonions and Hurwitz-Radon identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sophie Morier-Genoud; Valentin Ovsienko

    2011-02-11

    We study non-associative twisted group algebras over $(\\Z_2)^n$ with cubic twisting functions. We construct a series of algebras that extend the classical algebra of octonions in the same way as the Clifford algebras extend the algebra of quaternions. We study their properties, give several equivalent definitions and prove their uniqueness within some natural assumptions. We then prove a simplicity criterion. We present two applications of the constructed algebras and the developed technique. The first application is a simple explicit formula for the following famous square identity: $(a_1^2+...+a_{N}^2)\\,(b_1^2+...+b_{\\rho(N)}^2)= c_1^2+...+c_{N}^2$, where $c_k$ are bilinear functions of the $a_i$ and $b_j$ and where $\\rho(n)$ is the Hurwitz-Radon function. The second application is the relation to Moufang loops and, in particular, to the code loops. To illustrate this relation, we provide an explicit coordinate formula for the factor set of the Parker loop.

  7. Analysis of Gamma Radiation from a Radon Source: Indications of a Solar Influence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter A. Sturrock; Gideon Steinitz; Ephraim Fischbach; Daniel Javorsek, II; Jere H. Jenkins

    2012-05-01

    This article presents an analysis of about 29,000 measurements of gamma radiation associated with the decay of radon in a sealed container at the Geological Survey of Israel (GSI) Laboratory in Jerusalem between 28 January 2007 and 10 May 2010. These measurements exhibit strong variations in time of year and time of day, which may be due in part to environmental influences. However, time-series analysis reveals a number of periodicities, including two at approximately 11.2 year$^{-1}$ and 12.5 year$^{-1}$. We have previously found these oscillations in nuclear-decay data acquired at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), and we have suggested that these oscillations are attributable to some form of solar radiation that has its origin in the deep solar interior. A curious property of the GSI data is that the annual oscillation is much stronger in daytime data than in nighttime data, but the opposite is true for all other oscillations. This may be a systematic effect but, if it is not, this property should help narrow the theoretical options for the mechanism responsible for decay-rate variability.

  8. Elastic alpha scattering experiments and the alpha-nucleus optical potential at low energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Mohr; G. G. Kiss; Zs. Fülöp; D. Galaviz; Gy. Gyürky; E. Somorjai

    2012-12-12

    High precision angular distribution data of ($\\alpha$,$\\alpha$) elastic scattering are presented for the nuclei $^{89}$Y, $^{92}$Mo, $^{106,110,116}$Cd, $^{112,124}$Sn, and $^{144}$Sm at energies around the Coulomb barrier. Such data with small experimental uncertainties over the full angular range (20-170 degrees) are the indispensable prerequisite for the extraction of local optical potentials and for the determination of the total reaction cross section $\\sigma_{\\rm{reac}}$. A systematic fitting procedure was applied to the presented experimental scattering data to obtain comprehensive local potential parameter sets which are composed of a real folding potential and an imaginary potential of Woods-Saxon surface type. The obtained potential parameters were used in turn to construct a new systematic $\\alpha$-nucleus potential with very few parameters. Although this new potential cannot reproduce the angular distributions with the same small deviations as the local potential, the new potential is able to predict the total reaction cross sections for all cases under study.

  9. A simple procedure to prepare spherical {alpha}-alumina powders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu Hongyu [State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012 (China); Ning Guiling [State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012 (China)], E-mail: ninggl@dlut.edu.cn; Gan Zhihong; Lin Yuan [State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116012 (China)

    2009-04-02

    Spherical {alpha}-alumina powders were prepared by the controlled hydrolysis of aluminum isopropoxide in a hydrolysis system consisting of octanol and acetonitrile. Diverse solvents to dissolve reactant formed diverse hydrolysis systems and affected particle shape of {alpha}-alumina powders. The precursors crystallized to {gamma}-alumina at 1000 deg. C and converted to {alpha}-alumina at 1150 deg. C without intermediate phases. The particle morphology of precursor was retained after it crystallized to {alpha}-alumina. The heating rate influenced the particle shape and the state of agglomeration during calcination process. The thermal properties of the precursors were characterized by thermal gravimetric and differential thermal analysis. X-ray diffraction technique was used to confirm the conversion of crystalline phase of alumina powders from amorphous to {alpha}-phase. Transmission electron microscopy was used to investigate the morphologies and size of the precursors and products.

  10. Thalamocortical Mechanisms for the Anteriorization of Alpha Rhythms during Propofol-Induced Unconsciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vijayan, Sujith

    As humans are induced into a state of general anesthesia via propofol, the normal alpha rhythm (8–13 Hz) in the occipital cortex disappears and a frontal alpha rhythm emerges. This spatial shift in alpha activity is called ...

  11. Antihydrogen Trapped in the ALPHA Experiment

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25

    In 2010 the ALPHA collaboration succeeded in trapping antihydrogen atoms for the first time.[i]  Stored antihydrogen promises to be a unique tool for making high precision measurements of the structure of this first anti-atom. Achieving this milestone presented several substantial experimental challenges and this talk will describe how they were overcome.   The unique design features of the ALPHA apparatus will be explained.[ii]  These allow a high intensity positron source and an antiproton imaging detector similar to the one used in the ATHENA[iii] experiment to be combined with an innovative magnet design of the anti-atom trap. This seeks to minimise the perturbations to trapped charged particles which may cause particle loss and heating[iv].   The diagnostic techniques used to measure the diameter, number, density, and temperatures of both plasmas will be presented as will the methods developed to actively compress and cool of both plasma species to sizes and temperatures [v],[vi], [vii] where trapping attempts with a reasonable chance of success can be tried.   The results of the successful trapping experiments will be outlined as well as some subsequent experiments to improve the trapping rate and storage time. [i] 'Trapped antihydrogen' G.B. Andresen et al., Nature 468, 673 (2010) [ii]'A Magnetic Trap for Antihydrogen Confinement' W. Bertsche et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. Phys. Res. A566, 746 (2006) [iii] Production and detection of cold antihydrogen atoms M.Amoretti et al., Nature 419, 456 (2002). [iv]' Antihydrogen formation dynamics in a multipolar neutral anti-atom trap' G.B. Andresen et al., Phys. Lett. B 685, 141 (2010) [v]' Evaporative Cooling of Antiprotons to Cryogenic Temperatures',                                   G.B. Andresen et al. Phys. Rev. Lett 105, 013003 (2010) [vi]'Compression of Antiproton Clouds for Antihydrogen Trapping' G. B. Andresen et al. Phys. Rev. Lett 100, 203401 (2008) [vii]  'Autoresonant Excitation of Antiproton Plasmas' G.B. Andresen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 025002 (2011) Organizer: Ferdinand Hahn PH/DT Detector Seminar webpage  

  12. The improvement of methods used to estimate radon concentration in air using nuclear track film 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jessick, James G.

    1988-01-01

    determined. The methodology of the new SSNTF developing process is discussed in detail. The testing results of the new process are presented. The resultant program greatly reduces the amount of time needed to accurately develop large numbers of SSNTF... of film are alpha particle sensitive without the necessity of moderating material present for degradation of energy or collimators to determine angular incidence of radiation on the film. These films are developed by exposure to a chemical etching...

  13. Thick-Target Neutron Yield from the 19F(alpha,n) Reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. B. Norman; T. E. Chupp; K. T. Lesko; G. L. Woodruff; P. J. Grant

    2015-01-10

    Thick-target neutron yields from the 19F(alpha,n) reaction are reported for E(alpha) = 3.5 - 10.0 MeV.

  14. New experimental limits on the alpha decays of lead isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. W. Beeman; F. Bellini; L. Cardani; N. Casali; S. Di Domizio; E. Fiorini; L. Gironi; S. S. Nagorny; S. Nisi; F. Orio; L. Pattavina; G. Pessina; G. Piperno; S. Pirro; E. Previtali; C. Rusconi; C. Tomei; M. Vignati

    2012-12-12

    For the first time a PbWO4 crystal was grown using ancient Roman lead and it was run as a cryogenic detector. Thanks to the simultaneous and independent read-out of heat and scintillation light, the detector was able to discriminate beta/gamma interactions with respect to alpha particles down to low energies. New more stringent limits on the alpha decays of the lead isotopes are presented. In particular a limit of T_{1/2} > 1.4*10^20 y at a 90% C.L. was evaluated for the alpha decay of 204Pb to 200Hg.

  15. Particle Physics Aspects of Antihydrogen Studies with ALPHA at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ALPHA Collaboration; M. C. Fujiwara; G. B. Andresen; W. Bertsche; P. D. Bowe; C. C. Bray; E. Butler; C. L. Cesar; S. Chapman; M. Charlton; J. Fajans; R. Funakoshi; D. R. Gill; J. S. Hangst; W. N. Hardy; R. S. Hayano; M. E. Hayden; A. J. Humphries; R. Hydomako; M. J. Jenkins; L. V. Jorgensen; L. Kurchaninov; W. Lai; R. Lambo; N. Madsen; P. Nolan; K. Olchanski; A. Olin; A. Povilus; P. Pusa; F. Robicheaux; E. Sarid; S. Seif El Nasr; D. M. Silveira; J. W. Storey; R. I. Thompson; D. P. van der Werf; L. Wasilenko; J. S. Wurtele; Y. Yamazaki

    2008-05-27

    We discuss aspects of antihydrogen studies, that relate to particle physics ideas and techniques, within the context of the ALPHA experiment at CERN's Antiproton Decelerator facility. We review the fundamental physics motivations for antihydrogen studies, and their potential physics reach. We argue that initial spectroscopy measurements, once antihydrogen is trapped, could provide competitive tests of CPT, possibly probing physics at the Planck Scale. We discuss some of the particle detection techniques used in ALPHA. Preliminary results from commissioning studies of a partial system of the ALPHA Si vertex detector are presented, the results of which highlight the power of annihilation vertex detection capability in antihydrogen studies.

  16. Selective flow path alpha particle detector and method of use

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Orr, Christopher Henry (Sellafield, Seascale, Cumbria, GB); Luff, Craig Janson (Sellafield, Seascale, Cumbria, GB); Dockray, Thomas (Sellafield, Seascale, Cumbria, GB); Macarthur, Duncan Whittemore (P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545)

    2002-01-01

    A method and apparatus for monitoring alpha contamination are provided in which ions generated in the air surrounding the item, by the passage of alpha particles, are moved to a distant detector location. The parts of the item from which ions are withdrawn can be controlled by restricting the air flow over different portions of the apparatus. In this way, detection of internal and external surfaces separately, for instance, can be provided. The apparatus and method are particularly suited for use in undertaking alpha contamination measurements during the commissioning operations.

  17. School of Medicine Number of students who has finished (with a degree) and early leavers (excluding transferred students) by AY (As of May 1, 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    School of Medicine Number of students who has finished (with a degree) and early leavers (excluding than 1 year Medicine 95 95 95 84 10 0 94 88% 11% 99% 1 0 0 1% 0 0 Total 95 95 95 84 10 0 94 88% 11% 99% 1 0 0 1% 0 0 Medicine 95 97 97 84 7 5 96 87% 7% 99% 1 0 0 1% 0 0 Total 95 97 97 84 7 5 96 87% 7% 99

  18. School of Medicine Number of students who has finished (with a degree) and early leavers (excluding transferred students) by AY (As of May 1, 2012)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    School of Medicine Number of students who has finished (with a degree) and early leavers (excluding than 1 year Medicine 95 97 97 84 7 5 96 87% 7% 5% 99% 1 0 0 1% 0 0 Total 95 97 97 84 7 5 96 87% 7% 5% 99% 1 0 0 1% 0 0 Medicine 95 94 94 77 13 1 91 82% 14% 1% 97% 0 0 0 0% 3 0 Total 95 94 94 77 13 1 91

  19. Method of and apparatus for measuring the mean concentration of thoron and/or radon in a gas mixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lucas, Henry (P.O. Box 1454, Sedona, AZ 86336)

    1990-01-01

    A method of and an apparatus for detecting and accurately measuring the mean concentrations of .sup.222 Rn and .sup.220 Tn in a gas mixture, such as the ambient atmosphere in a mine, is provided. The apparatus includes an alpha target member which defines at least one operative target surface and which is preferably fabricated from a single piece of an alpha particle sensitive material. At least one portion of the operative target surface is covered with an alpha particle filter. The uncovered and filter covered operative surface is exposed to the gas mixture containing the .sup.222 Rn and .sup.220 Tn. In the radioactive decay series of these isotopes the maximum kinetic energy emitted by the alpha decay of .sup.222 Rn is about 1.1 MeV less than the maximum kinetic energy emitted by the alpha decay of a .sup.220 Tn. The alpha particle filter has a predetermined mass per unit area of the covered portion of the operative target surface that prevents penetration of alpha particles which originate from .sup.222 Rn decay, but which allows passage therethrough of the maximum kinetic energy alpha particles from .sup.220 Tn decay. Thus, a count of the alpha particle tracks in the uncovered portion of the target member is proportional to the mean concentration of sum of .sup.222 Rn and .sup.220 Tn in the gas mixture, while the count of alpha tracks in the target member under the filter is proportional to the concentration of only the .sup.220 Tn in the gas mixture.

  20. Evaluation of probes used to detect alpha radiation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sackett, Gregory Duane

    1995-01-01

    difficult to detect with survey meters. In response to these concerns several probes have been designed with an increased sensitivity to alpha radiation, combining larger sensitive surface areas with very thin windows to increase detector efficiency. Two...

  1. The Gamma Ray Detection Capabilities of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Battiston; M. Biasini; E. Fiandrini; J. Petrakis; M. H. Salamon

    1999-09-30

    The modeled performance of the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) as a high energy (0.3 to 100 GeV) gamma-ray detector is described, and its gamma ray astrophysics objectives are discussed.

  2. Energetics of [alpha]-helix formation in peptides and proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubert, Christian Reinhold

    2009-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the energetics of !-helix formation in peptides and proteins. The [alpha]-helix is the most prevalent type of secondary structure found in proteins, and has arguably dominated our thinking about ...

  3. Standoff alpha radiation detection via excited state absorption of air

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jimmy; Brenizer, Jack; Hui, Rongqing; Yin, Stuart (Shizhuo)

    2013-06-24

    A standoff alpha radiation detection technique based on the physical mechanism of excited state absorption of air molecules was explored and is presented in this paper. Instead of directly detecting the radiation via measuring the intensity...

  4. Asteroseismology and calibration of alpha Cen binary system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thévenin, F; Morel, P; Berthomieu, G; Bouchy, F; Carrier, F

    2002-01-01

    Using the oscillation frequencies of alpha Cen A recently discovered by Bouchy & Carrier, the available astrometric, photometric and spectroscopic data, we tried to improve the calibration of the visual binary system alpha Cen. With the revisited masses of Pourbaix et al. (2002) we do not succeed to obtain a solution satisfying all the seismic observational constraints. Relaxing the constraints on the masses, we have found an age t_alpha Cen=4850+-500 Myr, an initial helium mass fraction Y_i = 0.300+-0.008, and an initial metallicity (Z/X)_i=0.0459+-0.0019, with M_A=1.100+-0.006M_o and M_B=0.907+-0.006M_o for alpha Cen A&B.

  5. Asteroseismology and calibration of alpha Cen binary system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Thevenin; J. Provost; P. Morel; G. Berthomieu; F. Bouchy; F. Carrier

    2002-06-17

    Using the oscillation frequencies of alpha Cen A recently discovered by Bouchy & Carrier, the available astrometric, photometric and spectroscopic data, we tried to improve the calibration of the visual binary system alpha Cen. With the revisited masses of Pourbaix et al. (2002) we do not succeed to obtain a solution satisfying all the seismic observational constraints. Relaxing the constraints on the masses, we have found an age t_alpha Cen=4850+-500 Myr, an initial helium mass fraction Y_i = 0.300+-0.008, and an initial metallicity (Z/X)_i=0.0459+-0.0019, with M_A=1.100+-0.006M_o and M_B=0.907+-0.006M_o for alpha Cen A&B.

  6. {alpha}-cluster states in N{ne}Z nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldberg, V. Z.; Rogachev, G. V.

    2012-10-20

    The importance of studies of {alpha}-Cluster structure in N{ne}Z light nuclei is discussed. Spin-parity assignments for the low-lying levels in {sup 10}C are suggested.

  7. Mapping the Cosmic Web with Ly-alpha Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steven Furlanetto; Joop Schaye; Volker Springel; Lars Hernquist

    2003-10-31

    We use a high-resolution cosmological simulation to predict the distribution of HI Ly-alpha emission from the low-redshift (z10^2 kpc) ``coronae'' of optically thin gas with Ly-alpha surface brightness close to the expected background. Most of these regions contain smaller cores of dense, cool gas. Unless self-shielded gas is able to cool to Tweb.

  8. Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of neutron-alpha scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenneth M. Nollett; Steven C. Pieper; R. B. Wiringa; J. Carlson; G. M. Hale

    2006-12-09

    We describe a new method to treat low-energy scattering problems in few-nucleon systems, and we apply it to the five-body case of neutron-alpha scattering. The method allows precise calculations of low-lying resonances and their widths. We find that a good three-nucleon interaction is crucial to obtain an accurate description of neutron-alpha scattering.

  9. Labeled ALPHA4BETA2 ligands and methods therefor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Jogeshwar; Pichika, Ramaiah; Potkin, Steven; Leslie, Frances; Chattopadhyay, Sankha

    2013-02-19

    Contemplated compositions and methods are employed to bind in vitro and in vivo to an .alpha.4.beta.2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in a highly selective manner. Where such compounds are labeled, compositions and methods employing such compounds can be used for PET and SPECT analysis. Alternatively, and/or additionally contemplated compounds can be used as antagonists, partial agonists or agonists in the treatment of diseases or conditions associated with .alpha.4.beta..beta.2 dysfunction.

  10. Preparation and synthetic application of {alpha}-phenylthioethylsamarium compound

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasuga, Y.; Matsubara, S.; Utimoto, K. [Kyoto Univ. (Japan)

    1995-12-31

    Although samarium(II) iodide-mediated reaction of organohalides with carbonyl compounds has been applied to various organic syntheses, intermediary organosamarium species could be detected only when HMPA exists in the reaction system. The authors now report the detection of {alpha}-phenylthioethylsamarium compound in the absence of HMPA and application to diastereoselective reaction with aldehydes. A treatment of the organosamarium reagent, prepared from 1-chloroethyl phenyl sulfide and samarium(II) iodide, with D{sub 2}O afforded 1-deuterioethyl phenyl sulfide in 53% yield (82% D). The reagent reacted with aldehyde containing a stereogenic center at {alpha}-position to give {beta}-hydroxysulfide with high diastereoselectivity. Reaction using Barbier type procedure afforded the same results. These results suggest that {alpha}-phenylthioethylsamarium species is also generated in the Barbier type reaction. Configurational stability of {alpha}-thiosubstituted alkylmetal compounds seems to depend on the applied metal. Hoffmann Test indicated that the configuration of {alpha}-phenylthloethylsamarium compound is unchanged during the reaction with aldehyde, while that of {alpha}-alkylthioalkyllithium is unstable.

  11. Measurements of radon concentration in geothermal fluids at Cerro Prieto are evaluated with respect to spatial and temporal variations in reservoir thermodynamic conditions and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Semprini, Lewis

    significantly suggesting an increase in the steam saturation in this part of the reservoir due to exploitation to spatial and temporal variations in reservoir thermodynamic conditions and the rock -- fluid mass ratio be attributed to the higher steam fraction in the reservoir fluid. Regression analysis of radon concentration

  12. Rogers, V.C., K.K. Nielson, 1991, "Multiphase Radon Generation and Transport in Porous Minerals," Health Physics Vol. 60, No. 6, 807-813.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radioactivity (TENR) Cause by Non-Uranium Mining, October 16-19, Szczyrk, Poland. Usman, S.S., H.Spitz, and J Limited presented at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Uranium Recovery Licensing Workshop, January 11 to Monitor Radon Emissions from Uranium Tailings," Contract Number EP-D-05-002, Work Assignment No. 4

  13. Determination of alpha_S using hadronic event shape distributions of data taken with the OPAL detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schieck, J

    2011-01-01

    The measurement of the strong coupling alpha_S using hadronic event shape distributions measured with the OPAL detector at center-of-mass energies between 91 and 209 GeV is summarized. For this measurement hadronic event shape distributions are compared to theoretical predictions based on next-to-next-to-leading-calculations (NNLO) and NNLO combined with resummed next-to-leading-logarithm calculations (NLLA). The combined result using NNLO calculations is alpha_S(MZ)=0.1201+-0.0008(stat.)+-0.0013(exp.)+-0.0010(had.)+-0.0024(theo.) and the result using NLLO and NLLA calculations is alpha_S(MZ)=0.1189+-0.0008(stat.)+-0.0016(exp.)=-0.0010(had.)+-0.0036(theo.), with both measurements being in agreement with the world average.

  14. Validation of a model for Radon-induced background processes in electrostatic spectrometers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wandkowsky, N; Fränkle, F M; Glück, F; Groh, S; Mertens, S

    2013-01-01

    The Karlsruhe Tritium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment investigating tritium beta-decay close to the endpoint with unprecedented precision has stringent requirements on the background level of less than 10^(-2) counts per second. Electron emission during the alpha-decay of Rn-219 and Rn-220 atoms in the electrostatic spectrometers of KATRIN is a serious source of background exceeding this limit. In this paper we compare extensive simulations of Rn-induced background to specific measurements with the KATRIN pre-spectrometer to fully characterize the observed Rn-background rates and signatures and determine generic Rn emanation rates from the pre-spectrometer bulk material and its vacuum components.

  15. Radiative-nonrecoil corrections of order {alpha}{sup 2}(Z{alpha}){sup 5} to the Lamb shift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dowling, Matthew; Mondejar, Jorge; Piclum, Jan H.; Czarnecki, Andrzej [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada)

    2010-02-15

    We present results for the corrections of order {alpha}{sup 2}(Z{alpha}){sup 5} to the Lamb shift. We compute all the contributing Feynman diagrams in dimensional regularization and a general covariant gauge using a mixture of analytical and numerical methods. We confirm results obtained by other groups and improve their precision. Values of the 32''master integrals'' for this and similar problems are provided.

  16. Numerical Code for LHCD Simulations with Self-consistent Treatment of Alpha Particles in Tokamak Geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Numerical Code for LHCD Simulations with Self-consistent Treatment of Alpha Particles in Tokamak Geometry

  17. Modelling Neutral Particle Analyzer Measurements of High Energy Fusion Alpha-Particle Distributions in JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modelling Neutral Particle Analyzer Measurements of High Energy Fusion Alpha-Particle Distributions in JET

  18. Complexation of americium with {alpha}-d-iso-saccharinate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allard, S.; Knutsson, A.; Oedegaard-Jensen, A.; Ekberg, C.; Jolsteraa, R.

    2008-07-01

    Under alkaline conditions, cellulose will degrade, with iso-saccharinate being the dominant end-product. One of the formed diastereomers, the {alpha}-D-iso-saccharinate, is a strong complexing agent for tri- and tetravalent actinides and is the dominant conformation at pH > 5, rendering other conformations insignificant at neutral to alkaline conditions. The presence of {alpha}-D-iso-saccharinate increases the amount of metal in solution and also affects the surface interactions. Understanding this complexation is of relevance for long-term repository assessments. This study has investigated the complexation of americium with {alpha}-D-iso-saccharinate using solvent-extraction and radioanalytical techniques at 25 deg. C. The stability constants for the complexation reactions were determined by curve fitting of a distribution-ratio equation to experimental data.

  19. Calibration constant of Alpha track detector-polycarbonate film, CAPFILM PC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Isaac Young

    1995-01-01

    parameters for LR-1 15 11 were found to be with 2.5 N NaOH for 145 minutes at 60 C (Vasudevan 1991). Both LR-1 15 and CAPFILM PC were simultaneously exposed in the radon exposure chamber which was connected to a barrel containing uranium ore. The exposed film...

  20. Uncertainties on $\\alpha_S$ in the MMHT2014 global PDF analysis and implications for SM predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harland-Lang, L A; Motylinski, P; Thorne, R S

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the uncertainty in the value of the strong coupling $\\alpha_S(M_Z^2)$ when allowing it to be a free parameter in the recent MMHT global analyses of deep-inelastic and related hard scattering data that was undertaken to determine the parton distribution functions (PDFs) of the proton. The analysis uses the standard framework of leading twist fixed--order collinear factorisation in the ${\\overline {\\rm MS}}$ scheme. We study the constraints on the value of $\\alpha_S(M_Z^2)$ coming from the individual data sets by repeating the NNLO and NLO global analyses at various fixed values of $\\alpha_S(M_Z^2)$ about its optimum values, spanning the range $\\alpha_S(M_Z^2)=0.108$ to $0.128$ in units of $0.001$, and making all PDFs sets available. The inclusion of the measurements of the cross section for inclusive $t\\bar{t}$ production in the global fit allows us to explore the correlation between the values taken for the mass $m_t$ of the top quark and $\\alpha_S(M_Z^2)$. We find that the best fit values are ...

  1. A modeling study of the effect of depth of burial of depleted uranium and thorium on radon gas flux at a dry desert alluvial soil radioactive waste management site (RWMS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindstrom, F.T.; Cawlfield, D.E.; Emer, D.F.; Shott, G.J.

    1993-08-01

    An integral part of designing low-level waste (LLW) disposal pits and their associated closure covers in very dry desert alluvium is the use of a radon gas transport and fate model. Radon-222 has the potential to be a real heath hazard. The production of radon-222 results from the radioactive decay (a particle emission) of radium-226 in the uranium-235 and 238 Bateman chains. It is also produced in the thorium-230 series. Both long lived radionuclides have been proposed for disposal in the shallow land burial pits in Area 5 RWMS compound of Nevada Test Site (NTS). The constructed physics based model includes diffusion and barometric pressure-induced advection of an M-chain of radionuclides. The usual Bateman decay mechanics are included for each radionuclide. Both linear reversible and linear irreversible first order sorption kinetics are assumed for each radionuclide. This report presents the details of using the noble gas transport model, CASCADR9, in an engineering design study mode. Given data on the low-level waste stream, which constitutes the ultimate source of radon-222 in the RWMS, CASCADR9 is used to generate the surface flux (pCi/cm{sup 2}-sec) of radon-222 under the realistic atmospheric and alluvial soil conditions found in the RWMS at Area 5, of the NTS. Specifically, this study examines the surface flux of radon-222 as a function of the depth of burial below the land surface.

  2. Lyman alpha Transfer in a thick, dusty, and static medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sang-Hyeon Ahn; Hee-Won Lee; Hyung-Mok Lee

    2000-06-13

    We developed a Monte Carlo code that describes the resonant Lyman alpha line transfer in an optically thick, dusty, and static medium. The code was tested against the analytic formula derived by Neufeld (1990). We explain the line transfer mechanism for a wide range of line center optical depths by tracing histories of photons in the medium. We find that photons escape from the medium by a series of wing scatterings, during which polarization may develop. We applied our code to examine the amount of dust extinction around the Lyman alpha in primeval galaxies. Brief discussions on the astrophysical application of our work are presented.

  3. Direct analysis of air filter samples for alpha emitting isotopes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohagheghi, A.H.; Ghanbari, F.; Ebara, S.B.; Enghauser, M.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Bakhtiar, S.N. [Westinghouse WIPP, Carlsbad, NM (United States)

    1997-04-01

    The traditional method for determination of alpha emitting isotopes on air filters has been to process the samples by radiochemical methods. However, this method is too slow for cases of incidents involving radioactive materials where the determination of personnel received dose is urgent. A method is developed to directly analyze the air filters taken from personal and area air monitors. The site knowledge is used in combination with alpha spectral information to identify isotopes. A mathematical function is developed to estimate the activity for each isotope. The strengths and weaknesses of the method are discussed.

  4. {alpha} decay of {sup 180,181}Pb

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.; Saro, S.; Ackermann, D.; Comas, V. F.; Heinz, S.; Heredia, J. A.; Hessberger, F. P.; Khuyagbaatar, J.; Kojouharov, I.; Kindler, B.; Lommel, B.; Mann, R.; Cocolios, T. E.; Elseviers, J.; Huyse, M.; Duppen, P. Van; Venhart, M.; Franchoo, S.; Hofmann, S.

    2009-11-15

    A detailed {alpha}-decay study of the neutron-deficient isotope {sup 181}Pb has been performed in the complete fusion reaction {sup 40}Ca+{sup 144}Sm{yields}{sup 184}Pb* at the velocity filter SHIP (GSI, Darmstadt). In comparison with the literature, more precise data have been deduced for the I{sup {pi}}=(9/2{sup -}) ground state in this nucleus, which is presumably based on the neutron {nu}h{sub 9/2} spherical orbital. Improved {alpha}-decay data were also measured for {sup 180}Pb.

  5. First-principles elastic properties of (alpha)-Pu

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soderlind, P; Klepeis, J E

    2008-11-04

    Density-functional electronic structure calculations have been used to investigate the ambient pressure and low temperature elastic properties of the ground-state {alpha} phase of plutonium metal. The electronic structure and correlation effects are modeled within a fully relativistic anti-ferromagnetic treatment with a generalized gradient approximation for the electron exchange and correlation functionals. The 13 independent elastic constants, for the monoclinic {alpha}-Pu system, are calculated for the observed geometry. A comparison of the results with measured data from resonant ultrasound spectroscopy for a cast sample is made.

  6. THE TWO REGIMES OF PHOTOSPHERIC MOTIONS IN {alpha} HYDRA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gray, David F., E-mail: dfgray@uwo.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2013-02-10

    High-resolution spectroscopic observations of {alpha} Hya were acquired between 2003 and 2010. Analysis of line shifts, differential shifts, line widths, and line bisectors points to two regimes of velocity fields in the photosphere of {alpha} Hya: (1) normal granulation embedded in (2) large convection cells. Variations occur on a wide range of timescales, from several years on down. Radial velocity variations, which are irregular and span 786 m s{sup -1}, have a distribution consistent with a true mean rise velocity of the large cells of {approx}725 m s{sup -1} and a dispersion of {approx}220 m s{sup -1}. The distribution of granulation velocities, as measured from the widths of spectral lines, shows only small variations, consistent with the two regime concepts. On the multi-year timescale, radial velocity changes, small temperature variations ({approx}10 K), and small line-width variations ({approx}<0.8%) track each other, possibly with phase shifts. The granulation velocity gradient for {alpha} Hya is about half as large as the Sun's and no variation with time was seen, implying that any variation in velocity gradient from one large cell to the next must be less than a few percent. The asymmetry in the granulation velocity distribution, as specified in the flux deficit, is smaller than expected for {alpha} Hya's position in the HR diagram and appears to be variable.

  7. CRAD, Management- Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a November 2003 assessment of the Management Program portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project.

  8. CRAD, Training- Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a November 2003 assessment of the Training Program portion of an Operational Readiness Review of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRU ALPHA LLWT Project.

  9. H\\alpha\\ Emission Variability in Active M Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bell, Keaton J; Davenport, James R A; Hawley, Suzanne L; West, Andrew A; Rogel, Allen B

    2011-01-01

    We use ~12,000 spectra of ~3,500 magnetically active M0-M9 dwarfs from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey taken at 10-15 minute intervals, together with ~300 spectra of ~60 M0-M8 stars obtained hourly with the Hydra multi-object spectrometer, to probe H\\alpha\\ variability on timescales of minutes to weeks. With multiple observations for every star examined, we are able to characterize fluctuations in H\\alpha emission as a function of activity strength and spectral type. Stars with greater magnetic activity (as quantified by L_H\\alpha/L_bol) are found to be less variable at all spectral types. We attribute this result to the stronger level of persistent emission in the high activity stars, requiring a larger heating event in order to produce measurable variability. We also construct H\\alpha\\ structure functions to constrain the timescale of variability. The more active objects with lower variability exhibit a characteristic timescale longer than an hour, likely due to larger, longer lasting heating events, while the...

  10. Elementary processes underlying alpha channeling in tokamaks N. J. Fisch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to 198.125.232.144. Redistribution subject to AIP license or copyright; see http of the energy in these alpha particles to waves that then transfer or channel this energy to fuel ions rather make a significant difference in the economical feasibility of controlled fusion energy. It is only

  11. Preparation of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gogate, Makarand Ratnakar (Durham, NC); Spivey, James Jerry (Cary, NC); Zoeller, Joseph Robert (Kingsport, TN)

    1998-01-01

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic acid, ester or anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising an oxide of niobium.

  12. Preparation of {alpha}, {beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spivey, J.J.; Gogate, M.R.; Zoeller, J.R.; Tustin, G.C.

    1998-01-20

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising mixed oxides of vanadium, phosphorus and, optionally, a third component selected from titanium, aluminum or, preferably silicon.

  13. Preparation of .alpha., .beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spivey, James Jerry (Cary, NC); Gogate, Makarand Ratnakav (Durham, NC); Zoeller, Joseph Robert (Kingsport, TN); Tustin, Gerald Charles (Kingsport, TN)

    1998-01-01

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of .alpha.,.beta.-unsaturated carboxylic acids and anhydrides thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising mixed oxides of vanadium, phosphorus and, optionally, a third component selected from titanium, aluminum or, preferably silicon.

  14. Preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gogate, M.R.; Spivey, J.J.; Zoeller, J.R.

    1998-09-15

    Disclosed is a process for the preparation of {alpha},{beta}-unsaturated carboxylic acids and esters thereof which comprises contacting formaldehyde or a source of formaldehyde with a carboxylic acid, ester or anhydride in the presence of a catalyst comprising an oxide of niobium.

  15. On the Lyman-alpha Emission of Starburst Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Valls-Gabaud

    1993-06-13

    Nearby starburst galaxies have consistently shown anomalous Ly-alpha/H-beta ratios. By re-analysing the published IUE/optical observations, we show that most starbursts present a normal Ly-alpha emission, consistent with case B recombination theory, provided extinction laws appropriate to their metallicities are used. This implies that extinction is more important than multiple resonant scattering effects. The anomalous emission and absorption lines present in a few remaining galaxies are simply explained if they are observed in the post-burst phase, between about 10$^7$ and 10$^8$ yrs after the start of the burst. We use updated stellar population synthesis models to show that anomalous ratios are produced by the aging of stellar populations, since the underlying stellar Ly-alpha line is important in the cooler massive stars. The inferred low-duty cycle of massive star formation accounts naturally for the failure to detect large numbers of Ly-alpha--emitting galaxies in deep surveys and at high redshift. Some testable predictions of the proposed scenario are also discussed.

  16. Network Stability under Alpha Fair Bandwidth Allocation with General File Size Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    fair bandwidth allocation, with any positive alpha parameter, a Lyapunov function is constructed1 Network Stability under Alpha Fair Bandwidth Allocation with General File Size Distribution. Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. Swinburne University of Technology, Australia. Abstract--Rate allocation

  17. Estimation of the alpha decay half-lives D. N. Poenaru and M. Ivascu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    semiempirical relationship is derived on the grounds of the fission theory of alpha decay. It takes }, based on the fission theory of alpha decay [16] have been derived and was briefly presented in refe

  18. Collectivity in the light radon nuclei measured directly via Coulomb excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaffney, L P; Jenkins, D G; Andreyev, A N; Bender, M; Blazhev, A; Bree, N; Bruyneel, B; Butler, P A; Cocolios, T E; Davinson, T; Deacon, A N; De Witte, H; DiJulio, D; Diriken, J; Ekström, A; Fransen, Ch; Freeman, S J; Geibel, K; Grahn, T; Hadinia, B; Hass, M; Heenen, P -H; Hess, H; Huyse, M; Jakobsson, U; Kesteloot, N; Konki, J; Kröll, Th; Kumar, V; Ivanov, O; Martin-Haugh, S; Mücher, D; Orlandi, R; Pakarinen, J; Petts, A; Peura, P; Rahkila, P; Reiter, P; Scheck, M; Seidlitz, M; Singh, K; Smith, J F; Van de Walle, J; Van Duppen, P; Voulot, D; Wadsworth, R; Warr, N; Wenander, F; Wimmer, K; Wrzosek-Lipska, K; Zieli?ska, M

    2015-01-01

    Background: Shape coexistence in heavy nuclei poses a strong challenge to state-of-the-art nuclear models, where several competing shape minima are found close to the ground state. A classic region for investigating this phenomenon is in the region around $Z=82$ and the neutron mid-shell at $N=104$. Purpose: Evidence for shape coexistence has been inferred from $\\alpha$-decay measurements, laser spectroscopy and in-beam measurements. While the latter allow the pattern of excited states and rotational band structures to be mapped out, a detailed understanding of shape coexistence can only come from measurements of electromagnetic matrix elements. Method: Secondary, radioactive ion beams of $^{202}$Rn and $^{204}$Rn were studied by means of low-energy Coulomb excitation at the REX-ISOLDE facility in CERN. Results: The electric-quadrupole ($E2$) matrix element connecting the ground state and first-excited $2^{+}_{1}$ state was extracted for both $^{202}$Rn and $^{204}$Rn, corresponding to ${B(E2;2^{+}_{1} \\to 2^...

  19. Comparison of T cell receptor alpha, beta, and gamma gene rearrangement and expression in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hara, Junichi; Benedict, Stephen H.; Champagne, Eric; Mak, Tak W.; Minden, Mark; Gelfand, Erwin W.

    1988-04-01

    We have analyzed the configuration of the T cell receptor (TCR) alpha gene using newly developed genomic joining region (J alpha) probes, which cover approximately 80 kb of the J alpha region upstream from the constant ...

  20. Alpha channeling in rotating plasma with stationary waves Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    particle energy. Alpha channeling uses radiofrequency waves to remove alpha particles collisionlessly at low energy. It is shown that stationary magnetic fields with high n can be used for this purpose, and simulations indicate that a large fraction of the alpha energy can be converted to rotation energy. © 2010

  1. INSTABILITIES DRIVEN BY THE DRIFT AND TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY OF ALPHA PARTICLES IN THE SOLAR WIND

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Verscharen, Daniel; Bourouaine, Sofiane; Chandran, Benjamin D. G. E-mail: s.bourouaine@unh.edu

    2013-08-20

    We investigate the conditions under which parallel-propagating Alfven/ion-cyclotron (A/IC) waves and fast-magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) waves are driven unstable by the differential flow and temperature anisotropy of alpha particles in the solar wind. We focus on the limit in which w{sub Parallel-To {alpha}} {approx}> 0.25v{sub A}, where w{sub Parallel-To {alpha}} is the parallel alpha-particle thermal speed and v{sub A} is the Alfven speed. We derive analytic expressions for the instability thresholds of these waves, which show, e.g., how the minimum unstable alpha-particle beam speed depends upon w{sub Parallel-To {alpha}}/v{sub A}, the degree of alpha-particle temperature anisotropy, and the alpha-to-proton temperature ratio. We validate our analytical results using numerical solutions to the full hot-plasma dispersion relation. Consistent with previous work, we find that temperature anisotropy allows A/IC waves and FM/W waves to become unstable at significantly lower values of the alpha-particle beam speed U{sub {alpha}} than in the isotropic-temperature case. Likewise, differential flow lowers the minimum temperature anisotropy needed to excite A/IC or FM/W waves relative to the case in which U{sub {alpha}} = 0. We discuss the relevance of our results to alpha particles in the solar wind near 1 AU.

  2. The 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference 1 The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    The 28th International Cosmic Ray Conference 1 The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International", I.N.F.N Sez. Roma1, Roma, Italy Abstract The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a particle physics Academy Press, Inc. #12;2 Fig. 1. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station. e

  3. 2786 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2005 The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roma "La Sapienza", Università di

    , superconducting spectrom- eter. I. INTRODUCTION THE Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a high-energy particle2786 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 52, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2005 The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station B. Borgia on behalf of AMS Collaboration Abstract--The Alpha

  4. Collectivity in the light radon nuclei measured directly via Coulomb excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. P. Gaffney; A. P. Robinson; D. G. Jenkins; A. N. Andreyev; M. Bender; A. Blazhev; N. Bree; B. Bruyneel; P. A. Butler; T. E. Cocolios; T. Davinson; A. N. Deacon; H. De Witte; D. DiJulio; J. Diriken; A. Ekström; Ch. Fransen; S. J. Freeman; K. Geibel; T. Grahn; B. Hadinia; M. Hass; P. -H. Heenen; H. Hess; M. Huyse; U. Jakobsson; N. Kesteloot; J. Konki; Th. Kröll; V. Kumar; O. Ivanov; S. Martin-Haugh; D. Mücher; R. Orlandi; J. Pakarinen; A. Petts; P. Peura; P. Rahkila; P. Reiter; M. Scheck; M. Seidlitz; K. Singh; J. F. Smith; J. Van de Walle; P. Van Duppen; D. Voulot; R. Wadsworth; N. Warr; F. Wenander; K. Wimmer; K. Wrzosek-Lipska; M. Zieli?ska

    2015-03-11

    Background: Shape coexistence in heavy nuclei poses a strong challenge to state-of-the-art nuclear models, where several competing shape minima are found close to the ground state. A classic region for investigating this phenomenon is in the region around $Z=82$ and the neutron mid-shell at $N=104$. Purpose: Evidence for shape coexistence has been inferred from $\\alpha$-decay measurements, laser spectroscopy and in-beam measurements. While the latter allow the pattern of excited states and rotational band structures to be mapped out, a detailed understanding of shape coexistence can only come from measurements of electromagnetic matrix elements. Method: Secondary, radioactive ion beams of $^{202}$Rn and $^{204}$Rn were studied by means of low-energy Coulomb excitation at the REX-ISOLDE facility in CERN. Results: The electric-quadrupole ($E2$) matrix element connecting the ground state and first-excited $2^{+}_{1}$ state was extracted for both $^{202}$Rn and $^{204}$Rn, corresponding to ${B(E2;2^{+}_{1} \\to 2^{+}_{1})=29^{+8}_{-8}}$ W.u. and $43^{+17}_{-12}$ W.u., respectively. Additionally, $E2$ matrix elements connecting the $2^{+}_{1}$ state with the $4^{+}_{1}$ and $2^{+}_{2}$ states were determined in $^{202}$Rn. No excited $0^{+}$ states were observed in the current data set, possibly due to a limited population of second-order processes at the currently-available beam energies. Conclusions: The results are discussed in terms of collectivity and the deformation of both nuclei studied is deduced to be weak, as expected from the low-lying level-energy schemes. Comparisons are also made to state-of-the-art beyond-mean-field model calculations and the magnitude of the transitional quadrupole moments are well reproduced.

  5. Simulations of Alpha Wall Load in ITER. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlsson, Johan

    2010-10-20

    The partially DOE funded International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) will produce massive amounts of energetic charged alpha particles, which are imperfectly confined by a strong magnetic field. The wall of the experiment is designed to withstand an estimated wall load from these fusion alpha particles, but the accuracy of this estimate needs to be improved to avoid potentially catastrophic surprises when the experiment becomes operational. We have added a more accurate, gyro-dynamic model of particle motion to the existing drift-dynamic model in the DELTA5D simulation software used for the project. We have also added the ability to load a detailed engineering model of the wall and use it in the simulations.

  6. Alpha Solarco`s Photovoltaic Concentrator Development program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, A.; Bailor, B.; Carroll, D.

    1995-10-01

    This report details the work done under Sandia`s Photovoltaic Concentrator Development contract, funded jointly by Alpha Solarco and the US Department of Energy. It discusses improvements made to the cell assembly and module design of Alpha Solarco`s point-focus, high-concentration photovoltaic module. The goals of this effort were to increase the module efficiency, reduce the manufacturing cost of the cell assembly, and increase product reliability. Redesign of the secondary optical element achieved a 4 percent increase in efficiency due to better cell fill factors and offtrack performance. New, lower cost materials were identified for the secondary optical element, the optical couple between the secondary optical element and the cell, and the cell assembly electrical insulator. Manufacturing process improvements and test equipment are also discussed.

  7. Low Redshift Lyman Alpha absorbers and their Connection with Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon L. Morris; Buell Jannuzi; Ray Weymann

    2001-08-08

    We review the ongoing debate about the relationship between low redshift Lyman Alpha absorbers and luminous galaxies. In particular, we discuss the difficulty of `assigning' a particular absorber to a particular galaxy, and consider methods of circumventing this problem. We also provide a status report on an ongoing project collecting more data to address this issue, and show some results for a close together pair of QSOs providing two adjacent lines of sight through the inter-galactic medium.

  8. A comparative study of DNA polymerase alpha isolation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cernosek, Zina

    1987-01-01

    : Genetics A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DNA POLYMERASE ALPHA ISOLATION A Thesis by ZINA CERNOSEK Approved as to style and content by: David L s ee (Chair of Committee) Jam E. Womack (Memb ) oren C. Skow (Member) Gerald R. Bratton (Head of Department... is dedicated to Patrick R. Kane for keeping a smile on my face throughout the long hours of research and writing. TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION. MATERIALS AND METHODS. RESULTS 17 22 Purification of DNA polymerase isolation: Mechali et al. 22...

  9. M. van Ginkel, L.J. van Vliet, P.W. Verbeek, M.A. Kraaijveld, E.P. Reding and H.J. Lammers, Robust Curve Detection using a Radon Transform in Orientation Space Applied to Fracture Detection in Borehole Images, in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    Curve Detection using a Radon Transform in Orientation Space Applied to Fracture Detection in Borehole Detection using a Radon Transform in Orientation Space Applied to Fracture Detection in Borehole Images M information, thus reducing the amount of false detections. The method is applied to fracture detection

  10. Measurements of the CKM Angle Alpha at BaBar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stracka, Simone; /Milan U. /INFN, Milan

    2012-04-04

    The authors present improved measurements of the branching fractions and CP-asymmetries fin the B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, and B{sup +} {yields} {rho}{sup +}{rho}{sup 0} decays, which impact the determination of {alpha}. The combined branching fractions of B {yields} K{sub 1}(1270){pi} and B {yields} K{sub 1}(1400){pi} decays are measured for the first time and allow a novel determination of {alpha} in the B{sup 0} {yields} {alpha}{sub 1}(1260){sup {+-}}{pi}{sup {-+}} decay channel. These measurements are performed using the final dataset collected by the BaBar detector at the PEP-II B-factory. The primary goal of the experiments based at the B factories is to test the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) picture of CP violation in the standard model of electroweak interactions. This can be achieved by measuring the angles and sides of the Unitarity Triangle in a redundant way.

  11. Nuclear Reactions Important in Alpha-Rich Freezeouts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. C. Jordan IV; S. S. Gupta; B. S. Meyer; L. -S. The

    2002-11-08

    The alpha-rich freezeout from equilibrium occurs during the core-collapse explosion of a massive star when the supernova shock wave passes through the Si-rich shell of the star. The nuclei are heated to high temperature and broken down into nucleons and alpha particles. These subsequently reassemble as the material expands and cools, thereby producing new heavy nuclei, including a number of important supernova observables. In this paper we introduce two web-based applications. The first displays the results of a reaction-rate sensitivity study of alpha-rich freezeout yields. The second allows the interested reader to run paramaterized explosive silicon burning calculations in which the user inputs his own parameters. These tools are intended to aid in the identification of nuclear reaction rates important for experimental study. We then analyze several iron-group isotopes (59Ni, 57Co, 56Co, and 55Fe) in terms of their roles as observables and examine the reaction rates that are important in their production.

  12. State-of-the-Art Predictions for C-parameter and a Determination of alpha_s

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andre H. Hoang; Daniel W. Kolodrubetz; Vicent Mateu; Iain W. Stewart

    2015-01-20

    The C-parameter event-shape distribution for e+e- annihilation into hadrons is computed in the framework of SCET including input from fixed-order perturbation theory. We calculate all missing ingredients for achieving N3LL resummation accuracy in the cross section, which is then matched onto O(alpha_s^3) fixed-order results. Hadronization power corrections are incorporated as a convolution with a nonperturbative shape function. Wide-angle soft radiation effects introduce an O(Lambda_QCD) renormalon ambiguity in the cross section, which we cure by switching to the Rgap short-distance scheme. We also include hadron mass effects, but find their effect is rather small. Performing fits to the tail of the C-parameter distribution for many center of mass energies we find that the strong coupling constant is alpha_s(mZ) = 0.1123 +-0.0015, with chi^2/dof=0.99.

  13. Half-lives of $\\alpha$ decay from natural nuclides and from superheavy elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Yibin

    2014-01-01

    Recently, experimental researches on the $\\alpha$ decay with long lifetime are one of hot topics in the contemporary nuclear physics [e.g. N. Kinoshita {\\sl et al.} (2012) and J. W. Beeman {\\sl et al.} (2012) ]. In this study, we have systematically investigated the extremely long-lived $\\alpha$-decaying nuclei within a generalized density-dependent cluster model involving the experimental nuclear charge radii. In detail, the important density distribution of daughter nuclei is deduced from the corresponding experimental charge radii, leading to an improved $\\alpha$-core potential in the quantum tunneling calculation of $\\alpha$-decay width. Besides the excellent agreement between theory and experiment, predictions on half-lives of possible candidates for natural $\\alpha$ emitters are made for future experimental detections. In addition, the recently confirmed $\\alpha$-decay chain from $^{294}$117 is well described, including the attractive long-lived $\\alpha$-decaying $^{270}$Db, i.e., a positive step toward...

  14. Method for the simultaneous preparation of radon-211, xenon-125, xenon-123, astatine-211, iodine-125 and iodine-123

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mirzadeh, S.; Lambrecht, R.M.

    1985-07-01

    The invention relates to a practical method for commercially producing radiopharmaceutical activities and, more particularly, relates to a method for the preparation of about equal amount of Radon-211 (/sup 211/Rn) and Xenon-125 (/sup 125/Xe) including a one-step chemical procedure following an irradiation procedure in which a selected target of Thorium (/sup 232/Th) or Uranium (/sup 238/U) is irradiated. The disclosed method is also effective for the preparation in a one-step chemical procedure of substantially equal amounts of high purity /sup 123/I and /sup 211/At. In one preferred arrangement of the invention almost equal quantities of /sup 211/Rn and /sup 125/Xe are prepared using a onestep chemical procedure in which a suitably irradiated fertile target material, such as thorium-232 or uranium-238, is treated to extract those radionuclides from it. In the same one-step chemical procedure about equal quantities of /sup 211/At and /sup 123/I are prepared and stored for subsequent use. In a modified arrangement of the method of the invention, it is practiced to separate and store about equal amounts of only /sup 211/Rn and /sup 125/Xe, while preventing the extraction or storage of the radionuclides /sup 211/At and /sup 123/I.

  15. Biophysical modelling of the effects of inhaled radon progeny on the bronchial epithelium for the estimation of the relationships applied in the two stage clonal expansion model of carcinogenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madas, Balázs G

    2013-01-01

    There is a considerable debate between research groups applying the two stage clonal expansion model for lung cancer risk estimation, whether radon exposure affects initiation and transformation or promotion. The objective of the present study is to quantify the effects of radon progeny on these stages with biophysical models. For this purpose, numerical models of mutation induction and clonal growth were applied in order to estimate how initiation, transformation and promotion rates depend on tissue dose rate. It was found that rates of initiation and transformation increase monotonically with dose rate, while effective promotion rate decreases with time, but increases in a supralinear fashion with dose rate. Despite the uncertainty of the results due to the lack of experimental data, present study suggests that effects of radon exposure on both mutational events and clonal growth are significant, and should be considered in epidemiological analyses applying mathematical models of carcinogenesis.

  16. Radiative-nonrecoil corrections of order {alpha}{sup 2}(Z{alpha})E{sub F} to the hyperfine splitting of muonium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mondejar, Jorge; Piclum, Jan H.; Czarnecki, Andrzej [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7 (Canada); Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G7, Canada, and CERN Theory Division, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

    2010-06-15

    We present results for the corrections of order {alpha}{sup 2}(Z{alpha})E{sub F} to the hyperfine splitting of muonium. We compute all the contributing Feynman diagrams in dimensional regularization and a general covariant gauge using a mixture of analytical and numerical methods. We improve the precision of previous results.

  17. PPPL-3145 -Preprint Date: October 1995, UC-420, 426, 427 Alpha-Physics and Measurement Requirements for ITER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and control than existing heating systems such as NBI and ICRH. In addition, alpha particle heating and loss measurements. A comparison is made between alpha heating in ITER and NBI and ICRH heating systems in present in ITER requires about 300 MW of alpha particle heating power. Since the alpha particle creation rate

  18. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carmen Palomares

    2005-05-20

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a particle physics detector designed to operate on the International Space Station (ISS). The aim of AMS is the direct detection of charged particles in the rigidity range from 0.5 GV to few TV to perform high statistics studies of cosmic rays in space and search for antimatter and dark matter. This will be possible because of the large geometrical acceptance, a very accurate energy determination and a very precise particle identification through redundant measurements of its energy, velocity and electric charge. AMS is scheduled to be placed on the ISS at the beginning of 2008 for a 3 year exposure.

  19. Magnetic interaction in oxygenated alpha Fe-phthalocyanines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzmann, Ern?, E-mail: kuzmann@caesar.elte.hu; Homonnay, Zoltán; Horváth, Attila [Institute of Chemistry, Eötvös Loránd University, P.O. Box 32, 1512 Budapest (Hungary); Pechousek, Jiri; Cuda, Jan; Machala, Libor; Zoppellaro, Giorgio; Zboril, Radek [Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Departments of Experimental Physics and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science Palacky University, 17. Listopadu 1192/12, 771 46 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Yin, Houping; Wei, Yen [Department of Chemistry, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Klencsár, Zoltán [Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 1117 (Hungary); Kubuki, Shiro [Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 1-1 Minami-Osawa, Hachi-Oji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan); Nath, Amar [Department of Chemistry, University of North Carolina, Asheville, NC 28804 (United States)

    2014-10-27

    Alpha iron phthalocyanines (?-FePc) oxygenated at low temperatures were investigated with the help of {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, magnetization measurements (SQUID) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). Mössbauer spectroscopy revealed that upon oxygenation of ?-FePc, new species were formed which could be associated with Fe{sup III}Pc oxygen adducts. Unexpectedly, magnetically split spectrum of oxygenated ?-FePc was observed below 20 K. In-field Mössbauer spectra in a 5 T external magnetic field at 5K and magnetization measurements indicate antiferromagnetic coupling in oxygenated ?-FePc.

  20. Strange quark mass and Lambda parameter by the ALPHA collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinkovic, Marina; Sommer, Rainer; Virotta, Francesco

    2011-01-01

    We determine f_K for lattice QCD in the two flavor approximation with non-perturbatively improved Wilson fermions. The result is used to set the scale for dimensionful quantities in CLS/ALPHA simulations. To control its dependence on the light quark mass, two different strategies for the chiral extrapolation are applied. Combining f_K and the bare strange quark mass with non-perturbative renormalization factors and step scaling functions computed in the Schroedinger Functional, we determine the RGI strange quark mass and the Lambda parameter in units of f_K.

  1. Strange quark mass and Lambda parameter by the ALPHA collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marina Marinkovic; Stefan Schaefer; Rainer Sommer; Francesco Virotta

    2011-12-18

    We determine f_K for lattice QCD in the two flavor approximation with non-perturbatively improved Wilson fermions. The result is used to set the scale for dimensionful quantities in CLS/ALPHA simulations. To control its dependence on the light quark mass, two different strategies for the chiral extrapolation are applied. Combining f_K and the bare strange quark mass with non-perturbative renormalization factors and step scaling functions computed in the Schroedinger Functional, we determine the RGI strange quark mass and the Lambda parameter in units of f_K.

  2. Property:Iso3166Alpha2 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLCALLETE Inc d bGeothermalAreaApplDsc JumpAlpha2 Jump

  3. City of Alpha, Minnesota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurch Point, Louisiana:Alpha, Minnesota (Utility Company) Jump

  4. ORNL-5489 Radon and Radon Daughter

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReport for the Weldon Spring,7=cr5rnP 7694 i+lJNewS e T B ~

  5. Elastic {alpha} scattering on {sup 112}Sn and {sup 124}Sn at astrophysically relevant energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Galaviz, D.; Mohr, P.; Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Schlossgartenstrasse 9, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Fueloep, Zs.; Gyuerky, Gy.; Mate, Z.; Somorjai, E. [ATOMKI, P.O. Box 51, H-4001 Debrecen (Hungary); Rauscher, T. [Departement fuer Physik und Astronomie, Universitaet Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

    2005-06-01

    The cross sections for the elastic scattering reactions {sup 112,124}Sn({alpha},{alpha}){sup 112,124}Sn at energies above and below the Coulomb barrier are presented and compared to predictions for global {alpha}-nucleus potentials. The high precision of the new data allows a study of the global {alpha}-nucleus potentials at both the proton- and neutron-rich sides of an isotopic chain. In addition, local {alpha}-nucleus potentials have been extracted for both nuclei and used to reproduce elastic scattering data at higher energies. Predictions from the capture cross section of the reaction {sup 112}Sn({alpha},{gamma}){sup 116}Te at astrophysically relevant energies are presented and compared to experimental data.

  6. Size dependence in the stabilities and electronic properties of \\alpha-graphyne and its BN analogue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Özçelik, V Ongun

    2013-01-01

    We predict the stabilities of \\alpha-graphynes and their boron nitride analogues(\\alpha-BNyne), which are considered as competitors of graphene and two-dimensional hexagonal BN. Based on first-principles plane wave method, we investigated the stability and structural transformations of these materials at different sizes using phonon dispersion calculations and ab-initio finite temperature, molecular dynamics simulations. Depending on the number of additional atoms in the edges between the corner atoms of the hexagons, n, both \\alpha-graphyne(n) and \\alpha-BNyne(n) are stable for even n, but unstable for odd n. \\alpha-graphyne(3) undergoes a structural transformation, where the symmetry of hexagons is broken. We present the structure optimized cohesive energies, electronic, magnetic and mechanical properties of stable structures. Our calculations reveal the existence of Dirac cones in the electronic structures of \\alpha-graphynes of all sizes, where the Fermi velocities decrease with increasing n. The electron...

  7. Alpha-decay Rates of Yb and Gd in Solar Neutrino Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Fujiwara; T. Kawabata; P. Mohr

    2002-03-05

    The $\\alpha$-decay rates for the nuclides $^{168,170,171,172,173,174,176}$Yb and $^{148,150,152,154}$Gd have been estimated from transmission probabilities in a systematic $\\alpha$-nucleus potential and from an improved fit to $\\alpha$-decay rates in the rare-earth mass region. Whereas ${\\alpha}$-decay of $^{152}$Gd in natural gadolinium is a severe obstacle for the use of gadolinium as a low-energy solar-neutrino detector, we show that ${\\alpha}$-decay does not contribute significantly to the background in a ytterbium detector. An extremely long ${\\alpha}$-decay lifetime of $^{168}$Yb is obtained from calculation, which may be close to the sensitivity limit in a low-background solar neutrino detector.

  8. On the nature of H$\\alpha$ emitters at $z \\sim 2$ from the HiZELS survey: physical properties, Ly$\\alpha$ escape fraction, and main sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oteo, I; Ivison, R J; Smail, I; Best, P N; Cepa, J; Pérez-García, A M

    2015-01-01

    We present a detailed multi-wavelength study (from rest-frame UV to far-IR) of narrow-band (NB) selected, star-forming (SF) H$\\alpha$ emitters (HAEs) at $z \\sim 2.23$ taken from the High Redshift(Z) Emission Line Survey (HiZELS). We find that HAEs have similar SED-derived properties and colors to $sBzK$ galaxies and probe a well-defined portion of the SF population at $z \\sim 2$. This is not true for Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs), which are strongly biased towards blue, less massive galaxies (missing a significant percentage of the SF population). Combining our H$\\alpha$ observations with matched, existing Ly$\\alpha$ data we determine that the Ly$\\alpha$ escape fraction ($f_{\\rm esc}$) is low (only $\\sim$ 4.5\\% of HAEs show Ly$\\alpha$ emission) and decreases with increasing dust attenuation, UV continuum slope, stellar mass, and star formation rate (SFR). This suggests that Ly$\\alpha$ preferentially escapes from blue galaxies with low dust attenuation. However, a small population of red and massive LAEs is also ...

  9. The Lyman Alpha Forest within The Cosmic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Richard Bond; James W. Wadsley

    1997-03-20

    Observations indicate galaxies are distributed in a filament-dominated web-like structure; classic examples are the Coma and Perseus-Pisces superclusters. Numerical experiments at high and low redshift of viable structure formation theories also show filament-dominance; in particular, the gasdynamical simulations of Lyman alpha clouds at redshifts 2-6 that we concentrate on here. We understand why this is so in terms of rare events (peak patches) in the medium and the web pattern of filaments that bridge the gaps between the peaks along directions defined by their (oriented) tidal fields. We present an overview of these ideas and their practical application in crafting high resolution well-designed simulations. We show the utility of this by taking a highly filamentary subvolume found in a galactic-scale simulation, compressing its important large scale features onto a handful of numbers defining galactic-scale peak-patch constraints, which are then used to construct constrained initial conditions for a higher resolution simulation appropriate for study of the Lyman alpha forest.

  10. Non-slow-roll dynamics in $\\alpha-$attractors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, K Sravan; Moniz, Paulo Vargas; Das, Suratna

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we consider the $\\alpha-$attractor model and study inflation under a generalization of slow-roll dynamics. We follow the recently proposed Gong \\& Sasaki approach \\cite{Gong:2015ypa} of assuming $N=N\\left(\\phi\\right)$. We relax the requirement of inflaton potential flatness and consider a sufficiently steep one to support 60-efoldings. We find that this type of inflationary scenario predicts an attractor at $n_{s}\\approx0.967$ and $r\\approx5.5\\times10^{-4}$ which are very close to the predictions of the first chaotic inflationary model in supergravity (Goncharov-Linde model) \\cite{Goncharov:1983mw}. We show that even with non-slow-roll dynamics, the $\\alpha-$attractor model is compatible with any value of $r<0.1$. In addition, we emphasize that in this particular inflationary scenario, the standard consistency relation $\\left(r\\simeq-8n_{t}\\right)$ is significantly violated and we find an attractor for tensor tilt at $n_{t}\\approx-0.034$ as $r\\rightarrow0$. Any prominent detection of the ...

  11. The impact of alpha/Fe enhanced stellar evolutionary tracks on the ages of elliptical galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Thomas; Claudia Maraston

    2003-02-04

    We complement our study of alpha/Fe enhanced stellar population models of Lick absorption indices (Thomas et al. 2003) by comparing two sets of alpha/Fe enhanced models. In both models the impact on Lick indices due to alpha/Fe enhancement is accounted for through a modification of the stellar absorption line-strengths using the response functions of Tripicco & Bell (1995). One set of models, however, uses solar-scaled, the other alpha/Fe enhanced stellar evolutionary tracks. Since the alpha/Fe enhanced tracks are hotter than the solar-scaled ones (Salasnich et al. 2000), the correspondent stellar population models have slightly weaker metallic indices (i.e. Mgb, etc.) and stronger Balmer line indices (Hbeta) (Maraston et al 2003). Here we explore quantitatively the impact of this effect on the alpha/Fe ratios, metallicities and ages that are derived for elliptical galaxies. We find that the modest decrease of the metallic indices Mgb and balance each other, such that fully consistent alpha/Fe ratios are derived for stellar systems using alpha/Fe enhanced models with either solar-scaled or alpha/Fe enhanced stellar tracks. The decrease of the metallic indices and the increase of Hbeta conspire in a way that also consistent metallicities are obtained. The derived ages, instead, are significantly different. The inclusion of alpha/Fe enhanced stellar tracks leads to the derivation of ages as high as 30 Gyr for elliptical galaxies. For the same objects, ages not older than 15 Gyr are obtained, if alpha/Fe enhanced models using solar-scaled tracks are adopted. This may indicate that current stellar evolutionary models overestimate the bluing of stellar evolutionary tracks due to alpha/Fe enhanced chemical mixtures at super-solar metallicities.

  12. Quanta of Local Conformational Change: Conformons in alpha-helical proteins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor Atanasov; Yasser Omar

    2010-01-08

    We propose the conformon as a quantum of conformational change for energy transfer in alpha-helical proteins. The underlying mechanism of interaction between the quantum of excitation and the conformational degrees of freedom is nonlinear and leads to solitary wave packets of conformational energy. The phenomenon is specific to alpha-helices and not to beta-sheets in proteins due to the three strands of hydrogen bonds constituting the alpha-helical backbone.

  13. Density-induced suppression of the alpha-particle condensate in nuclear matter and the structure of alpha cluster states in nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Funaki; H. Horiuchi; G. Röpke; P. Schuck; A. Tohsaki; T. Yamada

    2008-01-21

    At low densities, with decreasing temperatures, in symmetric nuclear matter alpha-particles are formed, which eventually give raise to a quantum condensate with four-nucleon alpha-like correlations (quartetting). Starting with a model of alpha-matter, where undistorted alpha particles interact via an effective interaction such as the Ali-Bodmer potential, the suppression of the condensate fraction at zero temperature with increasing density is considered. Using a Jastrow-Feenberg approach, it is found that the condensate fraction vanishes near saturation density. Additionally, the modification of the internal state of the alpha particle due to medium effects will further reduce the condensate. In finite systems, an enhancement of the S state wave function of the c.o.m. orbital of alpha particle motion is considered as the correspondence to the condensate. Wave functions have been constructed for self-conjugate 4n nuclei which describe the condensate state, but are fully antisymmetrized on the nucleonic level. These condensate-like cluster wave functions have been successfully applied to describe properties of low-density states near the n alpha threshold. Comparison with OCM calculations in 12C and 16O shows strong enhancement of the occupation of the S-state c.o.m. orbital of the alpha-particles. This enhancement is decreasing if the baryon density increases, similar to the density-induced suppression of the condensate fraction in alpha matter. The ground states of 12C and 16O show no enhancement at all, thus a quartetting condensate cannot be formed at saturation densities.

  14. Measurement of the Internal Magnetic Field of Plasmas using an Alpha Particle Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.J. Zweben; D.S. Darrow; P.W. Ross; J.L. Lowrance; G. Renda

    2004-05-13

    The internal magnetic fields of plasmas can be measured under certain conditions from the integrated v x B deflection of MeV alpha particles emitted by a small radioactive source. This alpha source and large-area alpha particle detector would be located inside the vacuum vessel but outside the plasma. Alphas with a typical energy of 5.5 MeV (241Am) can reach the center of almost all laboratory plasmas and magnetic fusion devices, so this method can potentially determine the q(r) profile of tokamaks or STs. Orbit calculations, background evaluations, and conceptual designs for such a vxB (or ''AVB'') detector are described.

  15. Does the alpha cluster structure in light nuclei persist through the fusion process?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Vadas; T. K. Steinbach; J. Schmidt; Varinderjit Singh; C. Haycraft; S. Hudan; R. T. deSouza; L. T. Baby; S. A. Kuvin; I. Wiedenhover

    2015-08-31

    [Background] Despite the importance of light-ion fusion in nucleosynthesis, a limited amount of data exists regarding the de-excitation following fusion for such systems. [Purpose] To explore the characteristics of alpha emission associated with the decay of light fused systems at low excitation energy. [Method] Alpha particles were detected in coincidence with evaporation residues (ER) formed by the fusion of 18O and 12C nuclei. Both alpha particles and ERs were identified on the basis of their energy and time-of-flight. ERs were characterized by their energy spectra and angular distributions while the alpha particles were characterized by their energy spectra, angular distributions, and cross-sections. [Results] While the energy spectra and angular distributions for the alpha particles are well reproduced by statistical model codes, the measured cross-section is substantially underpredicted by the models. Comparison with similar systems reveals that the fundamental quantity for the alpha cross-section is Ec.m. and not the excitation energy of the fused system. [Conclusion]The enhancement in the measured alpha cross-section as compared to the statistical model codes and its dependence with Ec.m. suggest that a coupling between pre-existing alpha cluster structure and the collision dynamics is responsible for the observed alpha cross-section.

  16. A single-particle/single-cell microbeam based on an isotopic alpha source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the alpha particles are emitted to 4p and an acceptance of 10 mrad lm for the ion op- tics (see below) we

  17. Alpha channeling with high-field launch of lower hybrid waves...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of a radial alpha particle birth gradient, this interaction can take the form of wave amplification rather than damping. While it is known that this amplification more...

  18. Analysis of alpha-induced reactions on $^{151}$Eu below the Coulomb barrier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Avrigeanu; M. Avrigeanu

    2010-12-05

    Novel measurements of $(\\alpha,\\gamma)$ and $(\\alpha$,n) reaction cross sections on the target nucleus $^{151}$Eu, close to the reaction thresholds, support the setting up of recent parameters of the $\\alpha$-particle optical model potential below the Coulomb barrier. A better understanding of the $\\alpha$-particle optical potential at these energies leads to a statistical model analysis of additional partial cross sections that were formerly measured but not considered within the model analysis. On this basis we have tentatively assigned a modified $J^{\\pi}$=9$^-$ spin and parity to the 22.7-h isomer in $^{154}$Tb.

  19. $\\alpha_s$ determination at NNLO$^\\star$+NNLL accuracy from the energy evolution of jet fragmentation functions at low $z$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Enterria, David

    2015-01-01

    The QCD coupling $\\alpha_s$ is extracted from the energy evolution of the first two moments (multiplicity and mean) of the parton-to-hadron fragmentation functions at low fractional hadron momentum $z$. Comparisons of the experimental $e^+e^-$ and deep-inelastic $e^\\pm$p jet data to our NNLO$^*$+NNLL predictions, allow us to obtain $\\alpha_s(m_{_{\\rm Z}})$ = 0.1205$\\pm$0.0010$^{+0.0022}_{-0.0000}$, in excellent agreement with the current world average determined using other methods at the same level of accuracy.

  20. Formation of Raman Scattering Wings around H alpha, H beta and Pa alpha in Active Galactic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Seok-Jun; Di Mille, Francesco; Angeloni, Rodolfo; Palma, Tali; Lee, Hee-Won

    2015-01-01

    Powered by a supermassive black hole with an accretion disk, the spectra of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are characterized by prominent emission lines including Balmer lines. The unification schemes of AGNs require the existence of a thick molecular torus that may hide the broad emission line region from the view of observers near the equatorial direction. In this configuration, one may expect that the far UV radiation from the central engine can be Raman scattered by neutral hydrogen to reappear around Balmer and Paschen emission lines which can be identified with broad wings. We produce H$\\alpha$, H$\\beta$ and Pa$\\alpha$ wings using a Monte Carlo technique to investigate their properties. The neutral scattering region is assumed to be a cylindrical torus specified by the inner and outer radii and the height. While the covering factor of the scattering region affects the overall strengths of the wings, the wing widths are primarily dependent on the neutral hydrogen column density $N_{\\rm HI}$ being roughly ...

  1. Comparison of MCNP6 and experimental results for neutron counts, Rossi-{alpha}, and Feynman-{alpha} distributions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talamo, A.; Gohar, Y.; Sadovich, S.; Kiyavitskaya, H.; Bournos, V.; Fokov, Y.; Routkovskaya, C.

    2013-07-01

    MCNP6, the general-purpose Monte Carlo N-Particle code, has the capability to perform time-dependent calculations by tracking the time interval between successive events of the neutron random walk. In fixed-source calculations for a subcritical assembly, the zero time value is assigned at the moment the neutron is emitted by the external neutron source. The PTRAC and F8 cards of MCNP allow to tally the time when a neutron is captured by {sup 3}He(n, p) reactions in the neutron detector. From this information, it is possible to build three different time distributions: neutron counts, Rossi-{alpha}, and Feynman-{alpha}. The neutron counts time distribution represents the number of neutrons captured as a function of time. The Rossi-a distribution represents the number of neutron pairs captured as a function of the time interval between two capture events. The Feynman-a distribution represents the variance-to-mean ratio, minus one, of the neutron counts array as a function of a fixed time interval. The MCNP6 results for these three time distributions have been compared with the experimental data of the YALINA Thermal facility and have been found to be in quite good agreement. (authors)

  2. Search for Antimatter in Space with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Battiston

    1999-07-12

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a state of the art particle physics experiment for the extraterrestrial study of antimatter, matter and missing matter. AMS successfully completed the precursor STS91 Discovery flight (June 2nd-12th, 1998), completing 152 orbits at 52 degrees of latitude and about 400 km of height, collecting more than 100 million CR events. In this paper we report on the first flight experience and we present preliminary results on the search for nuclear antimatter. No antimatter nuclei with Z>=2 were detected. We obtain a model dependent upper limit on the anti-He /He flux 2, improving the results of previous published searches performed with stratospheric balloons.

  3. Physics Results From Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer 1998 Shuttle Flight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ming-Huey A. Huang

    2001-04-13

    The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) is a particle detector designed to detect antimatter. During the 10-day test flight on the space shuttle in June 1998, AMS detected $10^8$ events. Upon analysis, no antimatter was found and the antimatter limit was reduced to $1.1\\times10^{-6}$. The proton spectrum shows some differences with the cosmic ray flux used in atmospheric neutrino simulation. A large amount of protons, positrons, and electrons were found below the geomagnetic rigidity cutoff. The energy of these particles are as high as several GeV, one order of magnitude higher than any previously measured energy in radiation belts. These particles also exhibit many interesting features. This paper reviews the results in the four published papers of the AMS collaboration and provides explanation for some features of the albedo particles.

  4. Alpha-2-macroglobulin is acutely sensitive to freezing and lyophilization: Implications for structural and functional studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyatt, Amy R.; Kumita, Janet R.; Farrawell, Natalie E.; Dobson, Christopher M.; Wilson, Mark R.

    2015-01-01

    . Gunnarsson M, Sundstrom P, Stigbrand T, Jensen PE (2003) Native and transformed alpha2-468 macroglobulin in plasma from patients with multiple sclerosis. Acta Neurol Scand 108: 469 16-21. 470 25. Panyutich A, Ganz T (1991) Activated alpha 2-macroglobulin...

  5. Probable new type of reaction mechanism: Double. cap alpha. direct transfer process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu Shu-wei; Wu Guo-hua; Miao Rong-zhi; Han Fei

    1983-10-01

    It is assumed that /sup 8/Be consists of two ..cap alpha.. particles which are close to each other in configuration space. A spectroscopic density of /sup 8/Be cluster in the residue nuclei is then obtained, which is proportional to the square of the preformation probability of ..cap alpha.. particle at nuclear surface. Using the improved method of parametrization of EFR-DWBA overlap integral,/sup 1//sup en-dash//sup 2/ we calculate the double differential energy spectra and angular distributions of ..cap alpha.. particles for the reactions /sup 209/Bi (/sup 12/C, ..cap alpha..) /sup 217/Fr and extract the preformation probability of ..cap alpha.. particle at the surface of /sup 217/Fr nuclei from fitting the experimental data. The agreement within the range of calculation error between the preformation probabilities extracted from transfer reactions and ..cap alpha.. decay suggests that the reaction /sup 209/Bi(/sup 12/C, ..cap alpha..) /sup 217/Fr may be explained as a double ..cap alpha.. direct transfer process.

  6. PPPL-2878 UC-426 February 1993 Tritium Diagnostics by Balmer-alpha Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PPPL-2878 UC-426 February 1993 Tritium Diagnostics by Balmer-alpha Emission C H Skinner, A T Ramsey emission from tritium in a plasma may be distinguished from deuterium emission by a small isotope shift. A diagnostic system to measure tritium Balmer-alpha emission from the plasma edge has been installed on TFTR

  7. Cloning of a yeast alpha-amylase promoter and its regulated heterologous expression

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gao, Johnway [Richland, WA; Skeen, Rodney S [Pendleton, OR; Hooker, Brian S [Kennewick, WA; Anderson, Daniel B [Pasco, WA

    2003-04-01

    The present invention provides the promoter clone discovery of an alpha-amylase gene of a starch utilizing yeast strain Schwanniomyces castellii. The isolated alpha-amylase promoter is an inducible promoter, which can regulate strong gene expression in starch culture medium.

  8. Structural and Biophysical Studies of the Human IL-7/IL-7R[alpha] Complex

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McElroy, Craig A.; Dohm, Julie A.; Walsh, Scott T.R.; (OSU); (UPENN)

    2009-03-06

    IL-7 and IL-7R{alpha} bind the {gamma}{sub c} receptor, forming a complex crucial to several signaling cascades leading to the development and homeostasis of T and B cells. We report that the IL-7R{alpha} ectodomain uses glycosylation to modulate its binding constants to IL-7, unlike the other receptors in the {gamma}{sub c} family. IL-7 binds glycosylated IL-7R{alpha} 300-fold more tightly than unglycosylated IL-7R{alpha}, and the enhanced affinity is attributed primarily to an accelerated on rate. Structural comparison of IL-7 in complex to both forms of IL-7R{alpha} reveals that glycosylation does not participate directly in the binding interface. The SCID mutations of IL-7R{alpha} locate outside the binding interface with IL-7, suggesting that the expressed mutations cause protein folding defects in IL-7R{alpha}. The IL-7/IL-7R{alpha} structures provide a window into the molecular recognition events of the IL-7 signaling cascade and provide sites to target for designing new therapeutics to treat IL-7-related diseases.

  9. Reconciling steady-state Kalman and alpha-beta filter design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, John H.; Kerstetter, D.; Jowers, S.

    1990-01-01

    The deterministic design of the alpha-beta filter and the stochastic design of its Kalman counterpart are placed on a common basis. The first step is to find the continuous-time filter architecture which transforms into the alpha-beta discrete...

  10. Accommodation of prompt alpha-particle loss in a compact stellarator power plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najmabadi, Farrokh

    . This results in a non-negligible fraction of alpha- particles being promptly lost from the plasma and hitting the plasma facing components (PFC) at energies close to their born value of 3.5 MeV. The PFC armor must not only accommodate the heat load from the alpha-particle flux but it must also accommodate the He

  11. Accepted Manuscript Accommodation of prompt alpha-particle loss in a compact stellarator power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    . This results in a non-negligible fraction of alpha particles being promptly lost from the plasma and hitting the plasma facing components (PFC) at energies close to their born value of 3.5 MeV. The PFC armor must not only accommodate the heat load from the alpha-particle flux but it must also accommodate the He

  12. On the Rossi-{alpha} measurement of {beta}{sub eff} in reflected reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doulin, V.A. [Inst. of Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk (Russian Federation); Spriggs, G.D. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1997-03-13

    In unreflected reactors, the probability of detecting chain-related counts is given by the well known Rossi-{alpha} expression. Using this the author derives an expression for the effective delayed neutron fraction, {beta}. He demonstrates that this expression for {beta} is equally applicable for a reflected systems in which two alphas are experimentally observed.

  13. Calculating alpha Eigenvalues in a Continuous-Energy Infinite Medium with Monte Carlo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betzler, Benjamin R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiedrowski, Brian C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brown, Forrest B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martin, William R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-09-04

    The {alpha} eigenvalue has implications for time-dependent problems where the system is sub- or supercritical. We present methods and results from calculating the {alpha}-eigenvalue spectrum for a continuous-energy infinite medium with a simplified Monte Carlo transport code. We formulate the {alpha}-eigenvalue problem, detail the Monte Carlo code physics, and provide verification and results. We have a method for calculating the {alpha}-eigenvalue spectrum in a continuous-energy infinite-medium. The continuous-time Markov process described by the transition rate matrix provides a way of obtaining the {alpha}-eigenvalue spectrum and kinetic modes. These are useful for the approximation of the time dependence of the system.

  14. Aging of {alpha}{prime}{sub a} martensite in U-0.77Ti

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speer, J.G. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering] [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States). Dept. of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering; Edmonds, D.V. [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials] [Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials

    1999-05-28

    A detailed examination of the aging response in a quenched U-077 wt% Ti alloy using transmission electron microscopy is presented. The acicular martensite in this alloy is supersaturated with Ti after quenching, and decomposes via coherent precipitation of U{sub 2}Ti which grows as rods parallel to [100]{sub {alpha}}, followed by coarsening via a cellular discontinuous mechanism. The {alpha}/U{sub 2}Ti orientation relationship for both the continuous and discontinuous precipitates may be described as: (001){sub U{sub 2}Ti}{parallel}(100){sub {alpha}}, (01{bar 1}0){sub U{sub 2}Ti}{parallel}(010){sub {alpha}}, (2{ovr 11}0){sub U{sub 2}Ti}{parallel}(001){sub {alpha}}.

  15. Use of /sup 3/He/sup + +/ ICRF minority heating to simulate alpha particle heating

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, D.E. Jr.; Hwang, D.Q.; Hovey, J.

    1983-11-16

    It is an object of the present invention to provide a better understanding of alpha particle behavior in a magnetically confined, energetic plasma. Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved means and method for studying and measuring the energy distribution of heated alpha particles in a confined plasma. Yet another object of the present invention is to permit detailed analysis of energetic alpha particle behavior in a magnetically confined plasma for use in near term fusion reactor experiments. A still further object of the present invention is to simulate energetic alpha particle behavior in a deuterium-tritium plasma confined in a fusion reactor without producing the neutron activation associated with the thus produced alpha particles.

  16. 4$?$ detector for study of Zeno effect using 220Rn -> 216Po alpha->alpha correlated chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Nadderd; Y. S. Tsyganov; K. Subotic; A. N. Polyakov; Y. V. Lobanov; A. V. Rykhlyuk

    2015-06-08

    First test of the 4pi detector for study of exponential law of radioactive decay and possibility of observation of Zeno effect [1-3], measuring the mean life of 216Po is presented. This detector consists of two surface-barrier n-Si(Au) detectors placed in the close contact ( measured half-live of 216Po of 143.5 (0.6) ms is in agreement with literature sources. It is shown, that for the definite source the random background correlation counts are mostly caused by the 220Rn - 216Po alpha activities and that it is not an easy task to decrease a background level of units of percents in the time region >4T1/2. Both, the data acquisition system and the vacuum chamber design are presented in brief.

  17. The role of HIF-1 alpha in the localization of embryonic stem cells with respect to hypoxia within teratomas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochran, David M., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    In embryonic stem (ES) cell tumors, the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor, HIF- 1[alpha], has been shown to be a tumor suppressor, and HIF-1[alpha]-expressing cells have been shown to localize preferentially in vivo ...

  18. PPPL3145 Preprint Date: October 1995, UC420, 426, 427 AlphaPhysics and Measurement Requirements for ITER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    heating will be more difficult to predict and control than existing heating systems such as NBI and ICRH and their implications for alpha particle measurements. A comparison is made between alpha heating in ITER and NBI and ICRH heating systems in present tokamaks, and alpha particle issues in ITER are discussed in three

  19. LIMITS ON ALPHA PARTICLE TEMPERATURE ANISOTROPY AND DIFFERENTIAL FLOW FROM KINETIC INSTABILITIES: SOLAR WIND OBSERVATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bourouaine, Sofiane; Verscharen, Daniel; Chandran, Benjamin D. G.; Maruca, Bennett A.; Kasper, Justin C.

    2013-11-01

    Previous studies have shown that the observed temperature anisotropies of protons and alpha particles in the solar wind are constrained by theoretical thresholds for pressure and anisotropy driven instabilities such as the Alfvén/ion-cyclotron (A/IC) and fast-magnetosonic/whistler (FM/W) instabilities. In this Letter, we use a long period of in situ measurements provided by the Wind spacecraft's Faraday cups to investigate the combined constraint on the alpha proton differential flow velocity and the alpha particle temperature anisotropy due to A/IC and FM/W instabilities. We show that the majority of the data are constrained to lie within the region of parameter space in which A/IC and FM/W waves are either stable or have extremely low growth rates. In the minority of observed cases in which the growth rate of the A/IC (FM/W) instability is comparatively large, we find relatively higher values of T {sub ?}/T {sub p} (T {sub ??}/T {sub ?p}) when the alpha proton differential flow velocity is small, where T {sub ?} and T {sub p} (T {sub ??} and T {sub ?p}) are the perpendicular (parallel) temperatures of alpha particles and protons. We conjecture that this observed feature might arise from preferential alpha particle heating which can drive the alpha particles beyond the instability thresholds.

  20. Delta/Alpha-Prime Phase Transformations in a Pu-Ga Alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blobaum, K M; Krenn, C R; Wall, M A; Schwartz, A J

    2005-03-07

    In pure plutonium, the monoclinic {alpha} phase is the equilibrium phase at ambient temperature and pressure. The addition of a few percent of gallium, however, allows the fcc {delta} phase to be retained metastablely at ambient conditions. When the metastable {delta} phase is cooled to subambient temperatures, it partially transforms to the monoclinic {alpha}' phase, which has gallium supersaturated in the lattice. The {alpha}' phase reverts to the {delta} phase when the sample is heated above the ambient temperature. The martensite burst (M{sub b}) and reversion start (R{sub s}) temperatures are functions of the composition, heating rate, and prior thermal history. For a Pu-2.0 at% Ga alloy, the transformation hysteresis is approximately 150 C, which is large compared with other solid-solid phase transformations. Both the forward and reverse transformations are martensitic and proceed via a burst mode. Here, we use differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and resistometry to perform fundamental studies of the {alpha}'/{delta} transformations with the goal of understanding how aging may affect {delta} phase stability, particularly the M{sub b} temperature. Because materials properties of the {alpha}' and {delta} phases are considerably different (including a density increase of 25% and an accompanying resistivity increase of 46% upon transformation from {delta} to {alpha}'), unexpected transformation to the {alpha}' phase is of particular interest to the stockpile stewardship community.

  1. AMPK activation regulates apoptosis, adipogenesis, and lipolysis by eIF2{alpha} in adipocytes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dagon, Yossi [Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolism, Braun School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School (Israel); Avraham, Yosefa [Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolism, Braun School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School (Israel); Berry, Elliot M. [Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolism, Braun School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University, Hadassah Medical School (Israel)]. E-mail: Berry@md.huji.ac.il

    2006-02-03

    AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a metabolic master switch regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. Recently, AMPK has been implicated in the control of adipose tissue content. Yet, the nature of this action is controversial. We examined the effect on F442a adipocytes of the AMPK activator-AICAR. Activation of AMPK induced dose-dependent apoptotic cell death, inhibition of lipolysis, and downregulatation key adipogenic genes, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR{gamma}) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBP{alpha}). We have identified the {alpha}-subunit of the eukaryotic initiation factor-2 (eIF2{alpha}) as a target gene which is phosphorylated following AICAR treatment. Such phosphorylation is one of the best-characterized mechanisms for downregulating protein synthesis. 2-Aminopurine (2-AP), an inhibitor of eIF2{alpha} kinases, could overcome the apoptotic effect of AICAR, abolishing the reduction of PPAR{gamma} and C/EBP{alpha} and the lipolytic properties of AMPK. Thus, AMPK may diminish adiposity via reduction of fat cell number through eIF2{alpha}-dependent translation shutdown.

  2. THE SPATIALLY RESOLVED H{alpha}-EMITTING WIND STRUCTURE OF P CYGNI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balan, Aurelian; Tycner, C. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States); Zavala, R. T.; Benson, J. A.; Hutter, D. J. [US Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station, 10391 W. Naval Observatory Rd., Flagstaff, AZ 86001 (United States); Templeton, M., E-mail: abalan@delta.ed, E-mail: c.tycner@cmich.ed, E-mail: bzavala@nofs.navy.mi, E-mail: jbenson@nofs.navy.mi, E-mail: djh@nofs.navy.mi, E-mail: matthewt@aavso.or [American Association of Variable Star Observers, 49 Bay State Road, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

    2010-06-15

    High spatial resolution observations of the H{alpha}-emitting wind structure associated with the luminous blue variable star P Cygni were obtained with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer. These observations represent the most comprehensive interferometric data set on P Cyg to date. We demonstrate how the apparent size of the H{alpha}-emitting region of the wind structure of P Cyg compares between the 2005, 2007, and 2008 observing seasons and how this relates to the H{alpha} line spectroscopy. Using the data sets from 2005, 2007, and 2008 observing seasons, we fit a circularly symmetric Gaussian model to the interferometric signature from the H{alpha}-emitting wind structure of P Cyg. Based on our results, we conclude that the radial extent of the H{alpha}-emitting wind structure around P Cyg is stable at the 10% level. We also show how the radial distribution of the H{alpha} flux from the wind structure deviates from a Gaussian shape, whereas a two-component Gaussian model is sufficient to fully describe the H{alpha}-emitting region around P Cyg.

  3. Time-variability of alpha from realistic models of Oklo reactors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. R. Gould; E. I. Sharapov; S. K. Lamoreaux

    2007-04-30

    We reanalyze Oklo $^{149}$Sm data using realistic models of the natural nuclear reactors. Disagreements among recent Oklo determinations of the time evolution of $\\alpha$, the electromagnetic fine structure constant, are shown to be due to different reactor models, which led to different neutron spectra used in the calculations. We use known Oklo reactor epithermal spectral indices as criteria for selecting realistic reactor models. Two Oklo reactors, RZ2 and RZ10, were modeled with MCNP. The resulting neutron spectra were used to calculate the change in the $^{149}$Sm effective neutron capture cross section as a function of a possible shift in the energy of the 97.3-meV resonance. We independently deduce ancient $^{149}$Sm effective cross sections, and use these values to set limits on the time-variation of $\\alpha$. Our study resolves a contradictory situation with previous Oklo $\\alpha$-results. Our suggested $2 \\sigma$ bound on a possible time variation of $\\alpha$ over two billion years is stringent: $ -0.24 \\times 10^{-7} \\le \\frac{\\Delta \\alpha}{\\alpha} \\le 0.11 \\times 10^{-7}$, but model dependent in that it assumes only $\\alpha$ has varied over time.

  4. Measurement of the cross section of charmed hadrons and the nuclear dependence alpha

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanco-Covarrubias, E.Alejandro; /San Luis Potosi U.

    2009-12-01

    With data from the SELEX experiment we study charm hadro-production. We report the differential production cross sections as function of the longitudinal and transverse momentum, as well as for two different target materials, of 14 charmed hadron and/or their decay modes. This is the most extensive study to date. SELEX is a fixed target experiment at Fermilab with high forward acceptance; it took data during 1996-1997 with 600 GeV/c {Sigma}{sup -} and {pi}{sup -}, and 540 GeV/c proton and {pi}{sup +} beams. It used 5 target foils (two copper and three diamond). We use the results to determine {alpha}, used in parametrizing the production cross section as {infinity} A{sup {alpha}}, where A is the mass number of the target nuclei. We found within our statistics that {alpha} is independent of the longitudinal momentum fraction x{sub F} in the interval 0.1 < x{sub F} < 1.0, with {alpha} = 0.778 {+-} 0.014. The average value of {alpha} for charm production by pion beams is {alpha}{sub meson} = 0.850 {+-} 0.028. This is somewhat larger than the corresponding average {alpha}{sub baryon} = 0.755 {+-} 0.016 for charm production by baryon beams ({Sigma}{sup -} and protons).

  5. Measurement of (alpha,n) reaction cross sections of erbium isotopes for testing astrophysical rate predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. G Kiss; T. Szücs; T. Rauscher; Zs Török; L. Csedreki; Zs Fülöp; Gy Gyürky; Z. Halász

    2015-03-06

    The $\\gamma$-process in core-collapse and/or type Ia supernova explosions is thought to explain the origin of the majority of the so-called $p$ nuclei (the 35 proton-rich isotopes between Se and Hg). Reaction rates for $\\gamma$-process reaction network studies have to be predicted using Hauser-Feshbach statistical model calculations. Recent investigations have shown problems in the prediction of $\\alpha$-widths at astrophysical energies which are an essential input for the statistical model. It has an impact on the reliability of abundance predictions in the upper mass range of the $p$ nuclei. With the measurement of the $^{164,166}$Er($\\alpha$,n)$^{167,169}$Yb reaction cross sections at energies close to the astrophysically relevant energy range we tested the recently suggested low energy modification of the $\\alpha$+nucleus optical potential in a mass region where $\\gamma$-process calculations exhibit an underproduction of the $p$ nuclei. Using the same optical potential for the $\\alpha$-width which was derived from combined $^{162}$Er($\\alpha$,n) and $^{162}$Er($\\alpha$,$\\gamma$) measurement makes it plausible that a low-energy modification of the optical $\\alpha$+nucleus potential is needed.

  6. Measurement of $\\alpha$-particle quenching in LAB based scintillator in independent small-scale experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Krosigk, B; Hans, S; Junghans, A R; Kögler, T; Kraus, C; Kuckert, L; Liu, X; Nolte, R; O'Keeffe, H M; Tseung, H S Wan Chan; Wilson, J R; Wright, A; Yeh, M; Zuber, K

    2015-01-01

    The $\\alpha$-particle light response of liquid scintillators based on linear alkylbenzene (LAB) has been measured with three different experimental approaches. In the first approach, $\\alpha$-particles were produced in the scintillator via $^{12}$C($n$,$\\alpha$)$^9$Be reactions. In the second approach, the scintillator was loaded with 2% of $^{\\mathrm{nat}}$Sm providing an $\\alpha$-emitter, $^{147}$Sm, as an internal source. In the third approach, a scintillator flask was deployed into the water-filled SNO+ detector and the radioactive contaminants $^{222}$Rn, $^{218}$Po and $^{214}$Po provided the $\\alpha$-particle signal. The behavior of the observed $\\alpha$-particle light outputs are in agreement with each case successfully described by Birks' law. The resulting Birks parameter $kB$ ranges from $(0.0071\\pm0.0003)$ cm/MeV to $(0.0076\\pm0.0003)$ cm/MeV. In the first approach, the $\\alpha$-particle light response was measured simultaneously with the light response of recoil protons produced via neutron-proto...

  7. COMPUTING INTRINSIC LY{alpha} FLUXES OF F5 V TO M5 V STARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Linsky, Jeffrey L. [JILA, University of Colorado and NIST, 440UCB Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States)] [JILA, University of Colorado and NIST, 440UCB Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States); France, Kevin; Ayres, Tom, E-mail: jlinsky@jilau1.colorado.edu [CASA, University of Colorado, 593UCB Boulder, CO 80309-0593 (United States)] [CASA, University of Colorado, 593UCB Boulder, CO 80309-0593 (United States)

    2013-04-01

    The Ly{alpha} emission line dominates the far-ultraviolet spectra of late-type stars and is a major source for photodissociation of important molecules including H{sub 2}O, CH{sub 4}, and CO{sub 2} in exoplanet atmospheres. The incident flux in this line illuminating an exoplanet's atmosphere cannot be measured directly as neutral hydrogen in the interstellar medium (ISM) attenuates most of the flux reaching the Earth. Reconstruction of the intrinsic Ly{alpha} line has been accomplished for a limited number of nearby stars, but is not feasible for distant or faint host stars. We identify correlations connecting the intrinsic Ly{alpha} flux with the flux in other emission lines formed in the stellar chromosphere, and find that these correlations depend only gradually on the flux in the other lines. These correlations, which are based on Hubble Space Telescope spectra, reconstructed Ly{alpha} line fluxes, and irradiance spectra of the quiet and active Sun, are required for photochemical models of exoplanet atmospheres when intrinsic Ly{alpha} fluxes are not available. We find a tight correlation of the intrinsic Ly{alpha} flux with stellar X-ray flux for F5 V to K5 V stars, but much larger dispersion for M stars. We also show that knowledge of the stellar effective temperature and rotation rate can provide reasonably accurate estimates of the Ly{alpha} flux for G and K stars, and less accurate estimates for cooler stars.

  8. Broadening of QSO Lyman-alpha forest absorbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Theuns; Joop Schaye; Martin Haehnelt

    2000-06-13

    We investigate the dependence of QSO Lyman-alpha absorption features on the temperature of the absorbing gas and on the amplitude of the underlying dark matter fluctuations. We use high-resolution hydrodynamic simulations in cold dark matter dominated cosmological models. In models with a hotter intergalactic medium (IGM), the increased temperature enhances the pressure gradients between low and high density regions and this changes the spatial distribution and the velocity field of the gas. Combined with more thermal broadening, this leads to significantly wider absorption features in hotter models. Cosmological models with little small scale power also have broader absorption features, because fluctuations on the scale of the Jeans length are still in the linear regime . Consequently, both the amplitude of dark matter fluctuations on small scales and thermal smoothing affect the flux decrement distribution in a similar way. However, the b-parameter distribution of Voigt profile fits, obtained by deblending the absorption features into a sum of thermally broadened lines, is largely independent of the amount of small scale power, but does depend strongly on the IGM temperature. The same is true for the two-point function of the flux and for the flux power spectrum on small scales. These three flux statistics are thus sensitive probes of the temperature of the IGM. We compare them computed for our models and obtained from a HIRES spectrum of the quasar Q1422+231 and conclude that the IGM temperature at z=3.25 is fairly high, T_0>= 15000K.

  9. On the approximations of the distribution function of fusion alpha particles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bilato, R. Brambilla, M.; Poli, E.

    2014-10-15

    The solution of the drift-kinetic equation for fusion-born alpha particles is derived in the limit of dominant parallel streaming, and it is related to the usual slowing-down distribution function. The typical approximations of the fast tail of fusion-born alpha particles are briefly compared and discussed. In particular, approximating the distribution function of fast-alpha particles with an “equivalent” Maxwellian is inaccurate to describe absorption of radio-frequency waves in the ion-cyclotron range of frequencies.

  10. One loop gluon form factor and freezing of alpha_s in the Gribov-Zwanziger QCD Lagrangian

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Gracey

    2006-05-08

    We use the Gribov-Zwanziger Lagrangian in QCD to evaluate the one loop correction to the gluon propagator as a function of the Gribov volume and verify that the propagator vanishes in the infrared limit. Using the corresponding correction to the Faddeev-Popov ghost propagator we construct the renormalization group invariant coupling constant, alpha^eff_S(p^2), from the gluon and ghost form factors and verify, using the Gribov mass gap condition, that it freezes out at zero momentum to a non-zero value. This is qualitatively consistent with other approaches. We also show that there is an enhancement of the propagator of one of the Zwanziger ghosts at two loops similar to that which occurs for the Faddeev-Popov ghosts. From the exact evaluation of the form factors we examine power corrections for the gluon propagator and the effective coupling. We find that both have the same qualitative behaviour in that the leading power correction is O(1/p^2) and not O(1/(p^2)^2).

  11. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    in locating subsurface uranium deposits and are of potentialwas given to the uranium deposit area, hut sole other208/55 EXPLHRATION FOR URANIUM ORE DEPOSITS. ABSTRACT: Rapid

  12. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Mosro-Cupero,per year. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is considering

  13. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    instrumentation in the uranium mining industry. "& r.. 021—reduction through uranium mining" 13) and other radonwith the investment in uranium mining and milling facilities

  14. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    G. W. Combustion-generated indoor air pollution: ] . Fieldcontrol of air pollution from indoor combustion sources.

  15. RADON: A BIBLIOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lepman, S.R.

    2010-01-01

    thoron monitor for earthquake prediction research. NUCL.instrument for earthquake prediction research which monitorsaid in both earthquake prediction and uranium exploration.

  16. ARM - Campaign Instrument - radon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us atgovInstrumentsrad

  17. Attempt to extract the preformation probability of. cap alpha. cluster at the surface of heavy nuclei by means of. cap alpha. -transfer reactions leading to the continuum states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu Shu-wei; Wu Guo-hua; Miao Rong-zhi; Han Fei

    1983-07-01

    The method of parametrization of an EFR-DWBA overlap integral developed by T. Udagawa and T. Tamura et al./sup 1/ is improved. Using the improved method we have fitted the experimental double differential energy spectrum of the /sup 8/Be cluster coming from the reaction /sup 208/Pb(/sup 12/C, /sup 8/Be) /sup 212/Po leading to the continuum states and extracted the preformation probability of the ..cap alpha.. cluster at the surface of the /sup 212/Po nucleus. Within the range of calculation error, the result is in agreement with that extracted from fitting the experimental data of ..cap alpha.. decay.

  18. Accretion of dust grains as a possible origin of metal-poor stars with low alpha/Fe ratios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toshikazu Shigeyama; Takuji Tsujimoto

    2003-10-10

    The origin of low alpha/Fe ratios in some metal-poor stars, so called low-alpha stars, is discussed. It is found that most of low-alpha stars in the Galaxy are on the main-sequence. This strongly suggests that these stars suffered from external pollution. It is also found that the abundance ratios Zn/Fe of low-alpha stars both in the Galaxy and in dwarf spheroidal galaxies are lower than the average value of Galactic halo stars whereas damped Ly alpha absorbers have higher ratios. This implies that some low-alpha stars accreted matter depleted from gas onto dust grains. To explain the features in these low-alpha stars, we have proposed that metal-poor stars harboring planetary systems are the origin of these low-alpha stars. Stars engulfing a small fraction of planetesimals enhance the surface content of Fe to exhibit low alpha/Fe ratios on their surfaces while they are on the main-sequence, because dwarfs have shallow surface convection zones where the engulfed matter is mixed. After the stars leave the main-sequence, the surface convection zones become deeper to reduce the enhancement of Fe. Eventually, when the stars ascend to the tip of the red giant branch, they engulf giant planets to become low-alpha stars again as observed in dwarf spheroidal galaxies. We predict that low-alpha stars with low Mn/Fe ratios harbor planetary systems.

  19. Thalamocortical model for a propofol-induced alpha rhythm associated with loss of consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ching, Shinung

    Recent data reveal that the general anesthetic propofol gives rise to a frontal ?-rhythm [alpha rhythm] at dose levels sufficient to induce loss of consciousness. In this work, a computational model is developed that ...

  20. Special features of the alpha induced d and polarized d breakup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, J.M.; Treado, P.A.; Koike, Y.; Slaus, I.; Correll, F.D.; Brown, R.E.; Hardekopf, R.A.; Jarmie, N.

    1982-01-01

    The alpha induced deuteron breakup reactions have been of interest since the three-nucleon, nucleon induced deuteron breakup, problem was addressed with tractable and predictive codes based on the Faddeev formalism and with appropriate nucleon-nucleon forces. In this paper we discuss a few special features of the alpha induced deuteron breakup reactions. Specifically, we point out the importance of the n-p tensor force in the predictions of the three-body model that fit the tensor analyzing powers better and the concommittent deterioration of the fit to the vector analyzing power caused by the inclusion of the tensor force. We suggest that there exists evidence for the /sup 1/S/sub 0/ n-p interaction, which is isospin forbidden, in both the cross section and spin observables data. Finally, we discuss certain characteristics of the p-..cap alpha.. quasifree-scattering and n-..cap alpha.. final-state-interaction processes.