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1

High concentration low wattage solar arrays and their applications  

SciTech Connect

Midway Labs currently produces a 335x concentrator module that has reached as high as 19{percent} active area efficiency in production. The current production module uses the single crystal silicon back contact SunPower cell. The National Renewable Energy Lab has developed a multi junction cell using GalnP/GaAs technologies. The high efficiency ({gt}30{percent}) and high cell voltage offer an opportunity for Midway Labs to develop a tracking concentrator module that will provide 24 volts in the 140 to 160 watt range. This voltage and wattage range is applicable to a range of small scale water pumping applications that make up the bulk of water pumping solar panel sales. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Hoffmann, R. [Midway Labs, Inc., 350 N. Ogden Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60607 (United States); OGallagher, J.; Winston, R. [University of Chicago (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted arguments in the USELASTCOMMITTED session environment option in a SQL SET ENVIRONMENT statement

3

RECYCLING PROGRAM TYPE LOCATION ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECYCLING PROGRAM TYPE LOCATION ALLOWED NOT ALLOWED Batteries, toner, ink cartridges & cell phones and recycling is an important part of that effort. Below is a guide to on-campus recycling at RSMAS: Visit http://www.rsmas.miami.edu/msgso/ for map of recycling bin locations. NOTE: This is not an exhaustive list. If unauthorized items are found

Miami, University of

4

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste  

SciTech Connect

This document provides instructions for assembling the following CH packaging payload: Drum payload assembly Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP)

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

5

Cleanroom Design Bases and Allowable Components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Early cleanrooms were constructed by modifying building space in existing factory areas. Some of the 1930s factory areas were located in New England and had been used for fabric or furniture manufacturing. The cl...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Regulatory treatment of allowances and compliance costs  

SciTech Connect

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) established a national emission allowance trading system, a market-based form of environmental regulation designed to reduce and limit sulfur dioxide emissions. However, the allowance trading system is being applied primarily to an economically regulated electric utility industry. The combining of the new form of environmental regulation and economic regulation of electric utilities has raised a number of questions including what the role should be of the federal and state utility regulating commissions and how those actions will affect the decision making process of the utilities and the allowance market. There are several dimensions to the regulatory problems that commissions face. Allowances and utility compliance expenditures have implications for least-cost/IPR (integrated resource planning), prudence review procedures, holding company and multistate utility regulation and ratemaking treatment. The focus of this paper is on the ratemaking treatment. The following topics are covered: ratemaking treatment of allowances and compliance costs; Traditional cost-recovery mechanisms; limitations to the traditional approach; traditional approach and the allowance trading market; market-based cost recovery mechanisms; methods of determining the benchmark; determining the split between ratepayers and the utility; other regulatory approaches; limitations of incentive mechanisms.

Rose, K. [National Regulatory Research Institute, Columbus, OH (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following CH packaging payload: Drum payload assembly Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP).

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

8

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following CH packaging payload: Drum payload assembly Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP).

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

9

Furman University Cell Phone Allowance Request Form  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Furman University Cell Phone Allowance Request Form Date Payment: $___________ All cell phone allowance payments are departmental responsibility and considered other compensation charged to object code ________. The cell phone allowance will start at the next

10

AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Place New York, New York Zip 10170 Product AirShares is a commodity pool for exchange-traded futures contracts for EUAs. References AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AirShares_EU_Carbon_Allowances_Fund&oldid=341942" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

11

Sanyo: Notice of Allowance (2013-SE-1428)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Sanyo E & E Corporation, allowing Sanyo to resume distribution of refrigerator model SBC-500 after Sanyo provided documentation showing that it had modified the model to be in compliance with the applicable energy conservation standard.

12

Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) October 8, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Resume Distribution, authorizing Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company, Ltd. to resume distribution of one model of lamp. DOE had previously found certain Fuzhou products did not comport with the applicable energy conservation standards based on Fuzhou's testing. After determining that the original testing was not performed in accordance with DOE procedures, Fuzhou Sunlight provided new test data to DOE demonstrating that one model meets the applicable energy conservation standard when tested in accordance with DOE test procedures. Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402)

13

Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) August 10, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Resume Distribution, authorizing Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company, Ltd. to resume distribution of eleven models of lamps. DOE had previously found certain Fuzhou products did not comport with the applicable energy conservation standards based on Fuzhou's testing. After determining that the original testing was not performed in accordance with DOE procedures, Fuzhou Sunlight provided new test data to DOE demonstrating that eleven models meet the applicable energy conservation standard when tested in accordance with DOE test procedures. Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402)

14

Cell Phone Allowance Responsible Administrative Units  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cell Phone Allowance Policy Responsible Administrative Units: Office of Finance & Administration 1 of 3 1.0 BACKGROUND It is essential for certain employees in some circumstances to use cell phones of Colorado policy that dictates use of a state-provided cell phone or smartphone. Additionally, the Internal

15

Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) September 13, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Resume Distribution to Leader Electronics Inc., authorizing Leader Electronics to resume distribution of the external power supply model "MU03-F050040-A1(MU03-F1050-AKOS)". DOE had previously issued a Notice of Non-Compliance Determination based on test results submitted by Leader Electronics showing that certain models were noncompliant. After an internal review, Leader Electronics determined that the original test results reported to DOE were incorrect. Leader has submitted complete test data, which DOE has reviewed closely, and DOE has determined that the model complies with the applicable energy conservation

16

Service Capacity Design Problems for Mobility Allowance Shuttle Transit Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and utilizes a non-backtracking nearest-insertion algorithm, we derive closed-form approximate solutions for the service capacity design problem. We show that setting the length of the service area to half the travel service has a fixed base route that covers a specific geographic zone. Shuttles are allowed to deviate

Dessouky, Maged

17

Mobile Communication Device Allowance Authorization Form Revised: April 2011 MOBILE COMMUNICATION DEVICE ALLOWANCE AUTHORIZATION FORM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Communication Device Allowance Authorization Form Revised: April 2011 MOBILE COMMUNICATION list your CURRENT PLAN features: Mobile service provider Name: ________ Monthly Charge: $ Device.edu/policy/itc/FINAL%20Policy%20on%20Mobile%20Comm%20Devices.htm I have read the Mobile Communication Devices Policy

Dyer, Bill

18

Systems analysis of multiple regulator perturbations allows discoveryo...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems analysis of multiple regulator perturbations allows discoveryof virulence factors in Salmonella. Systems analysis of multiple regulator perturbations allows discoveryof...

19

Zoe Industries - 150043 - Notice of Allowance.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DC 20585 DC 20585 ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2011-SW-2912 NOTICE OF ALLOWANCE TO RESUME DISTRIBUTION Issued: January 25, 2012 In the event that the Department of Energy ("DOE") determines that a basic model is not compliant with the applicable conservation standards, a manufacturer of the basic model may be allowed to resume distribution if the manufacturer modifies the basic model in such a manner as to make it comply with the applicable standards. See 10 C.P.R.§ 429.114(d). On September 28, 2011, DOE issued a Notice ofNoncompliance Determination to Zoe Industries, Inc. ("Zoe") based on DOE testing, which had demonstrated that a Giessdorf eight-jet basic model showerhead, SKU 150043 ("model150043''), manufactured by GiessdorfPlumbing,

20

T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks September 7,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

California: Alden Fish Friendly Turbine Allows for Safe Fish...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alden Fish Friendly Turbine Allows for Safe Fish Passage California: Alden Fish Friendly Turbine Allows for Safe Fish Passage March 6, 2014 - 10:01am Addthis The Electric Power...

22

Grazing resistance allows bloom formation and may explain ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grazing resistance allows bloom formation and may explain invasion success of Gonyostomum semen. Karen Lebret, Mara Fernndez Fernndez, Camilla...

23

Allocating Allowances to Renewable Energy: Overview and Alternatives  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Allocating Allowances to Renewable Allocating Allowances to Renewable Energy: Overview and Alternatives Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. January 12, 2006 Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. 2 Overview Structure and operation of emission trading programs Why allocate to renewables Allowance allocation options Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. 3 Command and Control Programs Specific emission limit set for each plant. - Emission rate or technology requirement Each plant must meet specific limit. Total emissions can increase as new plants are built. Implementation and enforcement can be complicated. Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. 4 Allowance Trading Programs Establish emissions tonnage cap for group of affected sources. Distribute emission allowances equal to

24

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

25

CELL PHONE ALLOWANCE POLICY All Cell Phone Allowance Policies and Procedures must be conducted in accordance with all  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CELL PHONE ALLOWANCE POLICY All Cell Phone Allowance Policies and Procedures must be conducted%2029%2013.pdf Option 2 of University Policy 4-009.2 http://www.fa.ucf.edu/Forms/PCard/41-980.pdf Cell Phone Payroll FAQs (for Policy 4-900.2) http://hr.ucf.edu/files/CellPhonePayrollFAQ.pdf Cell Phone Allowance

Wu, Shin-Tson

26

Long-Run Equilibrium Modeling of Alternative Emissions Allowance Allocation Systems in Electric Power Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and multiple generation technologies. Existence of equilibria is shown under mild conditions. Solutions show that allocating allowances to new capacity based on fuel use or generator type can distort generation mixes, invert the operating order of power plants...

Schulkin, Jinye Z; Hobbs, Benjamin F; Pang, Jong-Shi

27

Graphical language for identification of control strategies allowing Demand Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphical language for identification of control strategies allowing Demand Response David DA SILVA. This will allow the identification of the electric appliance availability for demand response control strategies to be implemented in terms of demand response for electrical appliances. Introduction An important part

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

28

Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector Karen Palmer Resources for the Future of Earthweek #12;Allocation and Electricity · Prior cap-and-trade programs grandfather (GF) allowances on electricity markets depends on CO2 emissions rates · Different regional effect of GF on electricity markets

29

Design of Corrosion Allowances on Structures from Weathering Steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The corrosion rate of the weathering steel is considerably lower than that of the standard carbon steel. In spite of this, possible effects of corrosion losses on reliable service of the structure throughout the designed service life should be considered when designing the structures. In practice, the effects of the expected corrosion losses are typically eliminated by corrosion allowances which are added to the thickness of the element calculated in static analyses.This paper introduces a new method used for calculation of corrosion allowances. The application of the procedure for calculation of corrosion allowances is explained using example of a bridge structure.

V. K?iv

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation April 25, 2005 - 12:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Bush administration's ongoing efforts to secure vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Latvian Ministry of Environment signed an agreement today that will allow collaboration in nonproliferation and threat reduction areas. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Latvian Minister of Environment Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of Soviet/Russian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at Salaspils; security enhancement of the reactor site

31

T-578: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure 8: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure T-578: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure March 15, 2011 - 3:05pm Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft Windows is prone to a vulnerability that may allow attackers to inject arbitrary script code into the current browser session. PLATFORM: Windows 2003 SP2, Vista SP2, 2008 SP2, XP SP3, 7; and prior service packs ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft MHTML. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. reference LINKS: Microsoft Security Advisory (2501696) CVE-2011-0096 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025003 Bugtraq ID: 46055 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Moderate Discussion: The vulnerability exists due to the way MHTML interprets MIME-formatted requests for content blocks within a document. It is possible under certain

32

Novel Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Production Technologies Novel Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Production Technologies June 19, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A new energy production technology analysis tool that could lead to cost-effective improvements for energy generation and lower costs for consumers is now available on the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) website. Available at no cost, the Power Systems Life Cycle Analysis Tool (Power LCAT) compares seven energy-production technologies: natural gas combined cycle, integrated gasification combined cycle, existing and supercritical pulverized coal, existing and new nuclear, and onshore wind. An option for capturing and sequestering carbon dioxide emissions is also included for

33

T-565: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

65: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could 65: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow Elevation of PrivilegeVulnerability T-565: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow Elevation of PrivilegeVulnerability February 25, 2011 - 7:40am Addthis PROBLEM: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow Elevation of PrivilegeVulnerability. PLATFORM: Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Last version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine affected by this vulnerability: Version 1.1.6502.0 This version is the last version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine that is affected by the vulnerability. First version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine with this vulnerability addressed:Version 1.1.6603.0 If the version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine is equal to or

34

Draft policy on advertising allowed on campus at DCU Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Draft policy on advertising allowed on campus at DCU Introduction This document aims to set out the basic principles for the advertising of goods or services on the campus at DCU, where such advertising is being undertaken for commercial reasons as part of DCU's commercialisation

Humphrys, Mark

35

Novel transparent electrodes allow sustainable production of electronic devices  

SciTech Connect

A novel technique for fabricating inexpensive, transparent electrodes from common metals has been developed by engineers and scientists at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory. They exhibit very high transparency and are very good electrical conductors. This is a combination of properties that is difficult to achieve with common materials. The most frequently used transparent electrode in today's high-technology devices (such as LCD screens) is indium tin oxide (ITO). While ITO performs well in these applications, the supply of indium is very limited. In addition, it is rapidly decreasing as consumer demand for flat-panel electronics is skyrocketing. According to a 2004 US Geological Survey report, as little as 14 years exploitation of known indium reserves remains. In addition to increasing prices, the dwindling supply of indium suggests its use is not sustainable for future generations of electronics enthusiasts. Solar cells represent another application where transparent electrodes are used. To make solar-energy collection economically feasible, all parts of solar photovoltaics must be made more efficient and cost-effective. Our novel transparent electrodes have the potential to do both. In addition, there is much interest in developing more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly lighting. Incandescent light bulbs are very inefficient, because most of their energy consumption is wasted as heat. Fluorescent lighting is much more efficient but still uses mercury, an environmental toxin. An attractive alternative is offered by LEDs, which have very high efficiencies and long lifetimes, and do not contain mercury. If made bright enough, LED use for general lighting could provide a viable alternative. We have fabricated electrodes from more commonly available materials, using a technique that is cost effective and environmentally friendly. Most of today's electronic devices are made in specialized facilities equipped with low-particle-count clean-room facilities and multimillion-dollar equipment. On the other hand, the novel process we developed uses a method that makes use of polymer molds and standard deposition techniques in an ambient laboratory environment. The final structure consists of tall ribbons of metal (standing on edge) that are so thin that they do not block light but are very good conductors. The advantage of this design is that it avoids the competition between conductivity and transparency inherent in transparent oxide electrodes. By making the structure taller, conductivity can be increased without impacting transparency. We have measured both electrical conductivity and transparency for these structures. We performed two-wire electrical measurements to quantify the structures resistance using metal contacts deposited on each end. The total sample area was 4 x 4mm{sup 2}. We measured a resistance of structures with 40nm gold sidewalls of 7.3{Omega}, which is lower than that of ITO glass (which has a sheet resistance around 10O/square). We investigated the structures optical properties based on both specular- and total-transmission measurements. Specular transmission is measured by collecting the transmitted light at normal incidence, while total transmission is obtained by collecting transmitted light at normal incidence and diffracted light using an integrating sphere. Figure 3 shows the total transmission of a grating with 40nm gold or silver sidewalls on a glass substrate compared to that of ITO. Additionally, the transparency changes very little within 30{sup o} off normal incidence. This high visible-light transmission of our metal-patterned structures is very promising for their application as transparent electrodes, because most visible light was allowed to propagate through the patterned metallic/polymeric structures. Researchers in our group continue to refine the fabrication methods and are investigating methods to make large-scale structures for use in a variety of applications that require both transparency and high electrical conductivity. We are also applying these fab

Constant, Kristen

2010-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

36

A two-period model of emission abatement and allowance banking under uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with the effects of uncertainty and risk aversion on market outcomes for SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices and on electric utility compliance choices. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) provide about twice as many SO{sub 2} allowances to be issued per year in Phase I (1995--1999) than in Phase II. Also, considering the scrubber incentives in Phase I, there is likely to be substantial emission banking for use in Phase II. Allowance prices may increase over time at a rate less than the return on alternative investments with allowances being banked only by risk averse electric utilities. Speculators are likely to be willing to set allowances in forward markets, which will lower current market prices of allowances relative to a situation with only risk averse utilities in the market. The Argonne Utility Simulation Model (ARGUS2) is being revised to incorporate the provisions of the CAAA acid rain title and to simulate SO{sub 2} allowance prices, compliance choices, capacity expansion, system dispatch, fuel use, and emissions using a unit level data base and alternative scenario assumptions.

Hanson, D.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Exascale Computing Allows Scientists to Approach New Class of Problems |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exascale Computing Allows Scientists to Approach New Class of Problems Exascale Computing Allows Scientists to Approach New Class of Problems By Gale Scott March 19, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One From left are Venkatramani Balaji, Jeroen Tromp, and Bill Tang at the Visualization Laboratory, created by the Princeton Institute for Computational Science and Engineering (PICSciE), in the Lewis Library on main campus. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) From left are Venkatramani Balaji, Jeroen Tromp, and Bill Tang at the Visualization Laboratory, created by the Princeton Institute for Computational Science and Engineering (PICSciE), in the Lewis Library on main campus. Gallery: PPPL's Bill Tang with a computer simulation of plasma turbulence. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications)

38

Isolated Palladium Atoms Allow Highly-Selective Catalysis of...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

or alloys based on platinum, palladium (Pd), rhodium, andor ruthenium. To reduce the cost and potentially increase reactivity, BES-funded researchers at Tufts University coated...

39

Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

propane verifications are required to verify PM measurementsverification process for its PM mass sensitivity measurementtheir PM measurement system. The PEMS3 verification is based

Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Allowing abstentions in ranking methods with generalised ballots  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There are many situations wherein a group of individuals (e.g., voters) must produce an ordered list of 'best' alternatives selected from a given group of alternatives (e.g., candidates). Standard approaches include ranked voting methods (RVMs) and methods of paired comparisons (MPCs). Typical 'ballots' for these approaches are distinctly different. Indeed, RVM ballots are simple rankings, with all unranked alternatives being considered inferior to all ranked alternatives. By comparison, MPC ballots are matrices whose off diagonal entries reflect the voter's opinion concerning only the row and column alternatives for that entry. Such methods generally do not require a voter to express an opinion concerning every pair of alternatives. In this paper we propose a straightforward methodology to allow voters to submit generalised ballots that can reflect the voter's opinions as precisely as those of MPC ballots, yet with the simplicity of traditional RVM ballots.

James E. Falk; Lowell Bruce Anderson; Susan Palocsay

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ABC Allowable Biological Catch AFSC Alaska Fisheries Science Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Industrial Re- search Organization (Australia) DAS ­ Days At Sea EBM ­ Ecosystem-Based Management EBS GLOBEC ­ GLOBal ocean ECosystem dynamics GOA ­ Gulf of Alaska GOM ­ Gulf of Mexico HMS ­ Highly Migratory NMFS ­ National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA ­ National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC

42

Theory of Allowed and Forbidden Transitions in Muon Capture Reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A general formula for the transition rate of the muon capture reaction, ?-+(A,Z)??+(A,Z-1), where the final nuclear state has definite spin and parity, is given in terms of the total and orbital angular momenta of the emitted neutrino and of the spins of the initial and final nuclear states. The induced pseudoscalar interaction and the interaction due to the assumption of conserved vector current are taken into account, together with the vector and axial vector interactions. The forbiddenness of the muon capture reaction is defined in a manner analogous to the theory of the beta decay. The spin and parity changes can assume the values (0+, 1+), (0-, 1-, 2-), [n(-)n,n+1(-)n] for the allowed, first forbidden, and nth (n?2) forbidden transitions, respectively. (+ and - mean the parity change "no" and "yes".) For these transitions, the number of reduced nuclear matrix elements involved is nine, sixteen, and fourteen, respectively. The transition rate of muon capture reaction is reduced by a factor of 103, approximately, for a two-unit increase of the forbiddenness, if the atomic number and the energy of neutrino are constant. The contribution from the higher order transition to the lower one is less than 0.1% in the medium and light nuclei. Explicit formulas for the transition rate are given for the allowed, first forbidden and nth forbidden transitions. They are related to the corresponding formulas of beta decay. Our formalism was applied to the calculation of the partial muon capture rate by C12 ending in the ground state of B12. The numerical analysis indicates that measurement of this capture rate can determine whether the conserved vector current interaction term exists in nature only if the coupling constant of the induced pseudoscalar interaction and the nuclear wave functions are well known. The transition rates are given in Table V and Fig. 1, for the j-j coupling shell model and harmonic oscillator wave functions. They are 9-13% smaller than those given by Fujii and Primakoff.

Masato Morita and Akihiko Fujii

1960-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

43

GLOSSARY OF TERMS Balance Billing Out-of-network reimbursements are based on a maximum allowable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Northern Colorado and Western State Colorado University. CHEIBA Trust Committee ­ The Trust Committee ­ The Colorado Higher Education Insurance Benefits Alliance Trust (CHEIBA Trust) is a benefit purchasing consortium and trust made up of Adams State University, Auraria Higher Education Center, Colorado School

44

DRACO: Bringing Life to Illustrations Draco [4] is a sketch-based interface that allows artists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1145/2559206.2574769 Rubaiat Habib Kazi Autodesk Research Toronto, Canada rubaiat.habib@gmail.com Fanny Chevalier University of Toronto Toronto, Canada fanny@dgp.toronto.edu Tovi Grossman Autodesk Research Toronto, Canada tovi.grossman@autodesk.com Shengdong Zhao National University of Singapore Singapore zhaosd@comp.nus.edu.sg George Fitzmaurice Autodesk

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

45

Character-based DNA barcoding allows discrimination of genera, species and populations in Odonata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...primer and 0.5 U Taq DNA polymerase (Invitrogen). The PCR thermal regime for amplification was: 2min at 95C, followed by 30...Insecta, Odonata) from the Red-Sea hills and the main Nile in Sudan. Hydrobiologia. 110, 181-190. doi:10.1007/BF00025790...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Catalysts allow CO and CO/sub 2/ comethanation  

SciTech Connect

Kyoto University researchers have developed a series of composite catalysts that permit simultaneous methanation of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in mixtures with hydrogen at temperatures as low as 270/sup 0/C. The procedure may provide considerable simplifications for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis; offer a long-sought route for the direct use of carbon dioxide as a recyclable material in industrial processes; and replace some synthetic procedures based on carbon monoxide which are hindered by the presence of carbon dioxide. The best comethanation catalysts are small amounts of lanthanide oxides on iron group substrates with platinum group metals as promoters, e.g., 5% Ni, 2.7% La/sub 2/O/sub 3/, and 0.6% Ru supported on 3 mm dia spherical silica pellets which have pores having a bimodal size distribution between 5 and 600 nm. Test reactions at 160/sup 0/-400/sup 0/C showed considerable variation with temperature and a very complex adsorption sequence. Carbon dioxide apparently enhances carbon monoxide methanation at higher temperatures. The mechanism is not understood but does not involve a water/carbon monoxide shift effect.

Not Available

1980-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

47

Structural Plasticity of Malaria Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase Allows Selective Binding of Diverse Chemical Scaffolds  

SciTech Connect

Malaria remains a major global health burden and current drug therapies are compromised by resistance. Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH) was validated as a new drug target through the identification of potent and selective triazolopyrimidine-based DHODH inhibitors with anti-malarial activity in vivo. Here we report x-ray structure determination of PfDHODH bound to three inhibitors from this series, representing the first of the enzyme bound to malaria specific inhibitors. We demonstrate that conformational flexibility results in an unexpected binding mode identifying a new hydrophobic pocket on the enzyme. Importantly this plasticity allows PfDHODH to bind inhibitors from different chemical classes and to accommodate inhibitor modifications during lead optimization, increasing the value of PfDHODH as a drug target. A second discovery, based on small molecule crystallography, is that the triazolopyrimidines populate a resonance form that promotes charge separation. These intrinsic dipoles allow formation of energetically favorable H-bond interactions with the enzyme. The importance of delocalization to binding affinity was supported by site-directed mutagenesis and the demonstration that triazolopyrimidine analogs that lack this intrinsic dipole are inactive. Finally, the PfDHODH-triazolopyrimidine bound structures provide considerable new insight into species-selective inhibitor binding in this enzyme family. Together, these studies will directly impact efforts to exploit PfDHODH for the development of anti-malarial chemotherapy.

Deng, Xiaoyi; Gujjar, Ramesh; El Mazouni, Farah; Kaminsky, Werner; Malmquist, Nicholas A.; Goldsmith, Elizabeth J.; Rathod, Pradipsinh K.; Phillips, Margaret A.; (UWASH); (UTSMC)

2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

48

A novel Ebola virus expressing luciferase allows for rapid and quantitative testing of antivirals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ebola virus (EBOV) causes a severe hemorrhagic fever with case fatality rates of up to 90%, for which no antiviral therapies are available. Antiviral screening is hampered by the fact that development of cytopathic effect, the easiest means to detect infection with wild-type EBOV, is relatively slow. To overcome this problem we generated a recombinant EBOV carrying a luciferase reporter. Using this virus we show that EBOV entry is rapid, with viral protein expression detectable within 2h after infection. Further, luminescence-based assays were developed to allow highly sensitive titer determination within 48h. As a proof-of-concept for its utility in antiviral screening we used this virus to assess neutralizing antibodies and siRNAs, with significantly faster screening times than currently available wild-type or recombinant viruses. The availability of this recombinant virus will allow for more rapid and quantitative evaluation of antivirals against EBOV, as well as the study of details of the EBOV life cycle.

Thomas Hoenen; Allison Groseth; Julie Callison; Ayato Takada; Heinz Feldmann

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Policy Flash 2014-13 AL 2014-03: Allowability of Contractor Litigation...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

13 AL 2014-03: Allowability of Contractor Litigation Defense and Settlement Costs Policy Flash 2014-13 AL 2014-03: Allowability of Contractor Litigation Defense and Settlement...

50

Allowable Residual Contamination Levels in soil for decommissioning the Shippingport Atomic Power Station site  

SciTech Connect

As part of decommissioning the Shippingport Atomic Power Station, a fundamental concern is the determination of Allowable Residual Contamination Levels (ARCL) for radionuclides in the soil at the site. The ARCL method described in this report is based on a scenario/exposure-pathway analysis and compliance with an annual dose limit for unrestricted use of the land after decommissioning. In addition to naturally occurring radionuclides and fallout from weapons testing, soil contamination could potentially come from five other sources. These include operation of the Shippingport Station as a pressurized water reactor, operations of the Shippingport Station as a light-water breeder, operation of the nearby Beaver Valley reactors, releases during decommissioning, and operation of other nearby industries, including the Bruce-Mansfield coal-fired power plants. ARCL values are presented for 29 individual radionculides and a worksheet is provided so that ARCL values can be determined for any mixture of the individual radionuclides for any annual dose limit selected. In addition, a worksheet is provided for calculating present time soil concentration value that will decay to the ARCL values after any selected period of time, such as would occur during a period of restricted access. The ARCL results are presented for both unconfined (surface) and confined (subsurface) soil contamination. The ARCL method and results described in this report provide a flexible means of determining unrestricted-use site release conditions after decommissioning the Shippingport Atomic Power Station.

Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Napier, B.A.; Soldat, J.K.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: February 13, 1: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411:

52

Project Profile: A Novel Storage Method for CSP Plants Allowing Operation at High Temperature  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

City College of New York (CCNY), under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing and testing a novel thermal storage method that allows operation at very high temperatures.

53

E-Print Network 3.0 - allowing normal bone Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulation Environment for Craniofacial Surgical Procedures Dan Morris1 Summary: the completion of the first loop. An additional bone modification tool allows the introduction...

54

T-554: Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9.0.597.84 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors related to audio. reference LINKS: The Chromium Projects - Chromium Security Security Database -...

55

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Meghan R-zettelmeyer@kellogg.northwestern.edu #12;Did "Cash for Clunkers" Deliver? The Consumer Effects of the Car Allowance Rebate System Abstract investigate how much of the rebate benefited consumers as opposed to dealers, whether the rebate crowded out

Rothman, Daniel

56

Long-Run Equilibrium Modeling of Emissions Allowance Allocation Systems in Electric Power Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide allowance trading systems for electricity generators are in place in the European Union and in several U.S. states. An important question in the design of such systems is how allowances are to be initially allocated: by auction, by giving ... Keywords: Equilibrium programming, economics, electricity and emissions markets, model properties and applications

Jinye Zhao; Benjamin F. Hobbs; Jong-Shi Pang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RWQCB decide to allow discharge RWQCB decide to allow discharge < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge Once the RWQCB and EPA deem the application complete, the RWQCB makes an initial determination whether the application is appropriate for consideration or if it should be denied outright. If the discharge is denied outright, the process ends. If RWQCB decides to consider the application, the public process is triggered. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6_-_Does_RWQCB_decide_to_allow_discharge&oldid=482583

58

T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow 711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks September 7, 2011 - 9:30am Addthis PROBLEM: A fraudulent Google.com digital certificate was issued by a certificate authority. This certificate could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive user data via a man-in-the-middle attack. PLATFORM: Most Microsoft Windows operating systems, DigiNotar is a CA in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities certificate store. Multiple browsers, including Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, and Mozilla Firefox could also be configured with the compromised CA as one of their trusted issuers. ABSTRACT: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle

59

Allowable residual-contamination levels for decommissioning facilities in the 100 areas of the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of a study sponsored by UNC Nuclear Industries to determine Allowable Residual Contamination Levels (ARCL) for five generic categories of facilities in the 100 Areas of the Hanford Site. The purpose of this study is to provide ARCL data useful to UNC engineers in conducting safety and cost comparisons for decommissioning alternatives. The ARCL results are based on a scenario/exposure-pathway analysis and compliance with an annual dose limit for three specific modes of future use of the land and facilities. These modes of use are restricted, controlled, and unrestricted. The information on ARCL values for restricted and controlled use provided by this report is intended to permit a full consideration of decommissioning alternatives. ARCL results are presented both for surface contamination remaining in facilities (in dpm/100 cm/sup 2/), and for unconfined surface and confined subsurface soil conditions (in pCi/g). Two confined soil conditions are considered: contamination at depths between 1 and 4 m, and contamination at depths greater than or equal to 5 m. A set of worksheets are presented in an appendix for modifying the ARCL values to accommodate changes in the radionuclide mixture or concentrations, to consider the impacts of radioactive decay, and to predict instrument responses. Finally, a comparison is made between the unrestricted release ARCL values for the 100 Area facilities and existing decommissioning and land disposal regulations. For surface contamination, the comparison shows good agreement. For soil contamination, the comparison shows good agreement if reasonable modification factors are applied to account for the differences in modeling soil contamination and licensed low-level waste.

Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Napier, B.A.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

T-702: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack 2: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack T-702: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack August 25, 2011 - 8:00pm Addthis PROBLEM: A denial of service vulnerability has been found in the way the multiple overlapping ranges are handled by apache PLATFORM: Apache 1.3 all versions, Apache 2 all versions ABSTRACT: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack. reference LINKS: Apache Advisory Apache Archives CVE-2011-3192 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Vulnerability commonly manifests itself when static content is made available with compression on the fly through mod_deflate - but other modules which buffer and/or generate content in-memory are likely to be affected as well. Impact: The attack can be done remotely and with a modest number of requests leads

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A Review & Assessment of Current Operating Conditions Allowable Stresses in ASME Section III Subsection NH  

SciTech Connect

The current operating condition allowable stresses provided in ASME Section III, Subsection NH were reviewed for consistency with the criteria used to establish the stress allowables and with the allowable stresses provided in ASME Section II, Part D. It was found that the S{sub o} values in ASME III-NH were consistent with the S values in ASME IID for the five materials of interest. However, it was found that 0.80 S{sub r} was less than S{sub o} for some temperatures for four of the materials. Only values for alloy 800H appeared to be consistent with the criteria on which S{sub o} values are established. With the intent of undertaking a more detailed evaluation of issues related to the allowable stresses in ASME III-NH, the availabilities of databases for the five materials were reviewed and augmented databases were assembled.

R. W. Swindeman

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

62

Feed-In Tariff Personal Carbon Allowance: A Case Study of Psychological Change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The scheme of Personal Carbon Allowance (PCA) system which has been under discussion in United Kingdom is one of the innovative policies which have the potential to solve energy and climate issues. The authors ha...

Takayoshi Kitamura; Asao Takamatsu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

E-Print Network 3.0 - allowing intralimb kinematic Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and generalization Summary: model to allow for the estimation of multiple sources of error. The source estimation model adapts... cm 5 cm5 cm 5 cm 5 cm5 cm a b c Intralimb...

64

An intein-based genetic selection allows the construction of a high-quality library of binary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@princeton.edu Combinatorial libraries of synthetic DNA are increasingly being used to identify and evolve proteins with novel on the assembly of large genes from smaller fragments of synthetic DNA.To optimize library assembly and screening, it is desirable to remove from the synthetic libraries any sequences that contain unintended frameshifts or stop

Hecht, Michael H.

65

Trade & Cap: A customer-managed, market-based system for trading bandwidth allowances at a shared link  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We propose Trade & Cap (T&C), an economics-inspired mechanism that incentivizes users to voluntarily coordinate their consumption of the bandwidth of a shared resource (e.g., a DSLAM link) so as to converge on what they perceive to be an equitable allocation, ... Keywords: Bandwidth management, Incentive mechanisms, Selfish users

Jorge Londoo; Azer Bestavros; Nikolaos Laoutaris

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

V-223: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make 3: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make Unlimited Login Attempts V-223: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make Unlimited Login Attempts August 21, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in RSA Authentication Agent for PAM PLATFORM: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM 7.0.2 and prior ABSTRACT: A remote user can make unlimited login attempts REFERENCE LINKS: Security Tracker Alert ID 1028930 CVE-2013-3271 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The system does not restrict the number of login attempts made via the agent IMPACT: System Access SOLUTION: Vendor has issued a fix Addthis Related Articles U-267: RSA® Authentication Agent 7.1 for Microsoft Windows® and RSA® Authentication Client 3.5 Access Control Vulnerability

67

DOE Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Board  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Board of Contract Appeals to Resolve Disputes DOE Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Board of Contract Appeals to Resolve Disputes December 17, 2010 - 5:24pm Addthis The Department of Energy announced today that it has entered into a Memorandum of Agreement with the United States Civilian Board of Contract Appeals (CBCA) to enable the Department's lab and facility management and operation (M&O) contractors to employ the CBCA for mediation, arbitration, and other alternative dispute resolution services. Earlier this year, the Department clarified that M&O contractors are permitted to include binding arbitration clauses in their contracts with others, and, indeed, that

68

Student Recreation Center Reservation Request Form (PLEASE ALLOW UP TO THREE (3) BUSINESS DAYS FOR PROCESSING)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Student Recreation Center Reservation Request Form (PLEASE ALLOW UP TO THREE (3) BUSINESS DAYS. This form MUST be completed and approved by the Student Recreation Center THREE BUSINESS DAYS prior written confirmation from the Student Recreation Center OFFICE USE ONLY Date Received Meeting Required

de Lijser, Peter

69

echnological advances in the area of miniaturization now allow us to produce extremely  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

echnological advances in the area of miniaturization now allow us to produce extremely small limited computing, storage, and communication resources available in the microsensor nodes. Extremely low battery power and a limited amount of nonvolatile memory lead to a requirement for very low

Haas, Zygmunt J.

70

Integrated packaging allows for improvement in switching characteristics of silicon carbide devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated packaging allows for improvement in switching characteristics of silicon carbide devices will be available after the conference. Abstract Silicon Carbide devices can achieve very high switching speed-mode filtering). The consequences on the switching speed are discussed. 1. Introduction Silicon carbide (Si

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

71

Updated July24, 2012 OIP Guidelines on Allowable Costs for Faculty Program Leaders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Updated July24, 2012 OIP Guidelines on Allowable Costs for Faculty Program Leaders with a high cost will be harder to recruit for and risks not making enrollment. Flights: Faculty can decide of students. OIP and the department/college will confirm all financial arrangements. Early recruitment

Fernandez, Eduardo

72

Directional Stability Analysis of a Ship Allowing for Time History Effects of the Flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Directional Stability Analysis of a Ship Allowing for Time History Effects of the Flow R. E. D. Bishop R. K. Burcher W...determine the directional stability and control of a ship. A method of analysis is presented which indicates...

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

A. Advertising and Signs Exterior signage is allowed for students sponsored activities, clubs and events to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A. Advertising and Signs Exterior signage is allowed for students sponsored activities, clubs and events to promote student participation. 1. Student organizations may use exterior signs to advertise. A maximum of three wood signs may be posted for advertising an activity, club or event. 4. All signs must

Wu, Shin-Tson

74

Risk-Neutral Models for Emission Allowance Prices and Option Valuation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The existence of mandatory emission trading schemes in Europe and the United States, and the increased liquidity of trading on futures contracts on CO2 emissions allowances, led naturally to the next step in the development of these markets: ... Keywords: cap-and-trade schemes, emission derivatives, emissions markets, environmental finance

Ren Carmona; Juri Hinz

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Special and general relativity extended to allow for a variable light speed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There have been a number of papers proposing that the light speed of a homogeneous and isotropic universe is variable. This paper outlines a simple way that the vectors and tensors of special relativity can be extended to allow such a variable light speed and show how the field equation of general relativity can also be extended with particular application to such a universe.

Robert C. Fletcher

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

76

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments seeking to develop their own siting rules for wind turbines. While it was developed as part of a cooperative effort involving several state agencies, the model itself has no legal or regulatory authority. In 2007, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the

77

Final Report-- A Novel Storage Method for Concentrating Solar Power Plants Allowing Storage at High Temperature  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of the proposed work was the development and testing of a storage method that has the potential to fundamentally change the solar thermal industry. The development of a mathematical model that describes the phenomena involved in the heat storage and recovery was also a main objective of this work. Therefore, the goal was to prepare a design package allowing reliable scale-up and optimization of design.

Morris, Jeffrey F.

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Bridges Allowed to Uplift During Multi-Directional Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abghari, A. (1999). Seismic Soil-Pile Structure InteractionNo. 9. Caltrans (2004). Seismic Design Criteria, Versionand Mander, J. (1994). Seismic energy-based fatigue damage

Espinoza, Andres Oscar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Contact method to allow benign failure in ceramic capacitor having self-clearing feature  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capacitor exhibiting a benign failure mode has a first electrode layer, a first ceramic dielectric layer deposited on a surface of the first electrode, and a second electrode layer disposed on the ceramic dielectric layer, wherein selected areas of the ceramic dielectric layer have additional dielectric material of sufficient thickness to exhibit a higher dielectric breakdown voltage than the remaining majority of the dielectric layer. The added thickness of the dielectric layer in selected areas allows lead connections to be made at the selected areas of greater dielectric thickness while substantially eliminating a risk of dielectric breakdown and failure at the lead connections, whereby the benign failure mode is preserved.

Myers, John D.; Taylor, Ralph S.

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

80

Modeling sequence-specific polymers using anisotropic coarse-grained sites allows quantitative comparison with experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Certain sequences of peptoid polymers (synthetic analogs of peptides) assemble into bilayer nanosheets via a nonequilibrium assembly pathway of adsorption, compression, and collapse at an air-water interface. As with other large-scale dynamic processes in biology and materials science, understanding the details of this supramolecular assembly process requires a modeling approach that captures behavior on a wide range of length and time scales, from those on which individual sidechains fluctuate to those on which assemblies of polymers evolve. Here we demonstrate that a new coarse-grained modeling approach is accurate and computationally efficient enough to do so. Our approach uses only a minimal number of coarse-grained sites, but retains independently fluctuating orientational degrees of freedom for each site. These orientational degrees of freedom allow us to accurately parameterize both bonded and nonbonded interactions, and to generate all-atom configurations with sufficient accuracy to perform atomic sca...

Haxton, Thomas K; Zuckermann, Ronald N; Whitelam, Stephen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Short mechanical biological treatment of municipal solid waste allows landfill impact reduction saving waste energy content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of full scale MBT process (28 d) in removing inhibition condition for successive biogas (ABP) production in landfill and in reducing total waste impact. For this purpose the organic fraction of MSW was treated in a full-scale MBT plant and successively incubated vs. untreated waste, in simulated landfills for one year. Results showed that untreated landfilled-waste gave a total ABP reduction that was null. On the contrary MBT process reduced ABP of 44%, but successive incubation for one year in landfill gave a total ABP reduction of 86%. This ABP reduction corresponded to a MBT process of 22weeks length, according to the predictive regression developed for ABP reduction vs. MBT-time. Therefore short MBT allowed reducing landfill impact, preserving energy content (ABP) to be produced successively by bioreactor technology since pre-treatment avoided process inhibition because of partial waste biostabilization.

Barbara Scaglia; Silvia Salati; Alessandra Di Gregorio; Alberto Carrera; Fulvia Tambone; Fabrizio Adani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Real-time quantum trajectories for classically allowed dynamics in strong laser fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Both the physical picture of the dynamics of atoms and molecules in intense infrared fields and its theoretical description use the concept of electron trajectories. Here we address a key question which arises in this context: Are distinctly quantum features of these trajectories, such as the complex-valued coordinates, physically relevant in the classically allowed region of phase space, and what is their origin? First, we argue that solutions of classical equations of motion can account for quantum effects. To this end, we construct an exact solution to the classical Hamilton-Jacobi equation which accounts for dynamics of the wave packet, and show that this solution is physically correct in the limit $\\hbar \\to 0$. Second, we show that imaginary components of classical trajectories are directly linked to the finite size of the initial wavepacket in momentum space. This way, if the electronic wavepacket produced by optical tunneling in strong infrared fiels is localised both in coordinate and momentum, its m...

Plimak, L I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Undetected Sources Allow Transmission of the Lyman-alpha Line From Galaxies Prior to Reionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of Lyman-alpha emission from galaxies at redshifts beyond z~6.5 should not be naively interpreted as implying that the intergalactic medium (IGM) had been reionized at higher redsifts. We show that a cluster of faint undetected sources around each observed galaxy generates an HII region sufficiently large to allow transmission of the galaxy's Lyman-alpha line prior to reionization. We also show that quasars may contribute a significant fraction of the ionizing photons to HII regions around galaxies with a velocity dispersion larger than ~100km/s. These contributing quasars are not usually seen due to the small fraction of time they spend in a luminous phase.

Stuart Wyithe; Abraham Loeb

2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

84

Low-cost method for fabricating palladium and palladium-allow thin films on porous supports  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for forming a palladium or palladium alloy membrane on a ceramic surface by forming a pre-colloid mixture comprising a powder palladium source, carrier fluid, dispersant and a pore former and a binder. Ultrasonically agitating the precolloid mixture and applying to a substrate with an ultrasonic nozzle and heat curing the coating form a palladium-based membrane.

Lee, Tae H; Park, Chan Young; Lu, Yunxiang; Dorris, Stephen E; Balachandran, Uthamalingham

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

85

Abstract-The development of functional activity monitors (FAMs) will allow rehabilitation researchers and clinicians to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

durations and step frequency between measurement instruments. I. INTRODUCTION Functional decline with aging and community based setting [5]. As a result of limitations of these measurement instruments, there is a strong accelerometers attached to ankle and/or wrist (e.g., pedometers). The limitation of this configuration i

Vaina, Lucia M.

86

structure. Integrating sustainable energy sys-tems into the infrastructure would allow rapid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

needed for hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles, we will assume a vehicle fuel economy of 60 miles per kg N T Hybrid Cars Now, Fuel Cell Cars L adoption of electrolysis-based hydrogen pro- duction, whenever these future transportation systems become

Deutch, John

87

Lifetime Approximation Schemes Allow Multicast Algorithm with Linear Message Complexity in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residual battery energy based on the observation that long-lived multicast / broadcast trees should consume information in order to construct an energy efficient multicast tree. Sometimes, this centralized approach Sensor Networks Mianxiong Dong, Song Guo and Minyi Guo School of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Guo, Minyi

88

Modeling sequence-specific polymers using anisotropic coarse-grained sites allows quantitative comparison with experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Certain sequences of peptoid polymers (synthetic analogs of peptides) assemble into bilayer nanosheets via a nonequilibrium assembly pathway of adsorption, compression, and collapse at an air-water interface. As with other large-scale dynamic processes in biology and materials science, understanding the details of this supramolecular assembly process requires a modeling approach that captures behavior on a wide range of length and time scales, from those on which individual sidechains fluctuate to those on which assemblies of polymers evolve. Here we demonstrate that a new coarse-grained modeling approach is accurate and computationally efficient enough to do so. Our approach uses only a minimal number of coarse-grained sites, but retains independently fluctuating orientational degrees of freedom for each site. These orientational degrees of freedom allow us to accurately parameterize both bonded and nonbonded interactions, and to generate all-atom configurations with sufficient accuracy to perform atomic scattering calculations and to interface with all-atom simulations. We have used this approach to reproduce all available experimental X-ray scattering spectra (for stacked nanosheets, and for peptoids adsorbed at air-water interfaces and in solution), in order to resolve the microscopic, real-space structures responsible for these Fourier-space features. By interfacing with all-atom simulations, we have also laid the foundations for future multiscale simulations of sequence-specific polymers that communicate in both directions across scales.

Thomas K. Haxton; Ranjan V. Mannige; Ronald N. Zuckermann; Stephen Whitelam

2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

89

Neutrino-electron scattering in a magnetic field with allowance for polarizations of electrons  

SciTech Connect

We present an analytic formula for differential cross section (DCS) of neutrino-electron scattering (NES) in a magnetic field (MF) with allowance for longitudinal polarizations of initial and final electrons (IAFE). The DCS of NES in a MF is sensitive to the spin variable of the IAFE and to the direction of the incident and scattered neutrinos (IASN) momenta. Spin asymmetries and field effects in NES in a MF enable us to use initial electrons having a left-hand circular polarization (LHCP) as polarized electron targets in detectors for detection of low-energy neutrinos or relic neutrinos and for distinguishing neutrino flavor (NF). In general, gas consisting of only electrons having a LHCP and gas consisting of only electrons having a right-hand circular polarization (RHCP) are heated by neutrinos asymmetrically. The asymmetry of heating (AH) is sensitive to NF, MF strength, energies (Landau quantum numbers and third components of the momenta) of IAFE, final electron chemical potential, the final temperature of gas consisting of only electrons having a LHCP (RHCP), polar angles of IASN momenta, the difference between the azimuthal angles of IASN momenta, the angle {phi}, and IASN energies. In the heating process of electrons by neutrinos the dominant role belongs to electron neutrinos compared with the contribution of muon (tauon) neutrinos. Electrons having a LHCP in NES in a MF are heated by {nu}{sub e} and {nu}{sub {mu}}({nu}{sub {tau}}) unequally when both the IASN fly along or against the MF direction. For magnetars and neutrinos of 1 MeV energy, within the considered kinematics, the AH in an electron neutrino-electron scattering is 2.23 times that in a muon neutrino-electron scattering or in a tauon neutrino-electron scattering.

Guseinov, V. A. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Laboratory of Physical Research, Nakhchivan Division of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Jafarov, I. G. [Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University, Baku (Azerbaijan); Gasimova, R. E. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan)

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

CO{sub 2} allowance allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the effect on electricity investors  

SciTech Connect

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm's portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. 16 refs., 4 figs.

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmerook

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

A manual for applying the allowable residual contamination level method for decommissioning facilities on the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the modifications that have been made to enhance the original Allowable Residual Contamination Level (ARCL) method to make it more applicable to site-specific analyses. This version considers the mixture of radionuclides present at the time of site characterization, the elapsed time after decommissioning when exposure to people could occur, and includes a calculation of the upper confidence limit of the potential dose based on sampling statistics that are developed during the site characterization efforts. The upper confidence limit of potential exposure can now be used for comparison against applicable radiation dose limits (i.e., 25 mrem/yr at Hanford). The level of confidence can be selected by the user. A wide range of exposure scenarios were evaluated; the rationale used to select the most limiting scenarios is explained. The radiation dose factors used for the inhalation and ingestion pathways were also updated to correspond with the radiation dosimetry methods utilized in the International Commission of Radiological Protection Publications 26 and 30 (ICRP 1977; 1979a,b, 1980, 1981, 1982a,b). This simplifies the calculations, since ''effective whole body'' doses are now calculated, and also brings the dosimetry methods used in the ARCL method in conformance with the rationale used by DOE in developing the 25 mrem/yr limit at Hanford. 46 refs., 21 figs., 15 tabs.

Napier, B.A.; Piepel, G.F.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Schreckhise, R.G.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Allowable residual contamination levels for decommissioning the 115-F and 117-F facilities at the Hanford Site  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the results of a study sponsored by UNC Nuclear Industries to determine Allowable Residual Contamination Levels (ARCL) for the 115-F and 117-F facilities at the Hanford Site. The purpose of this study is to provide data useful to UNC engineers in conducting safety and cost comparisons for decommissioning alternatives. The ARCL results are based on a scenario/exposure-pathway analysis and compliance with an annual dose limit for three specific modes of future use of the land and facilities. These modes of use are restricted, controlled, and unrestricted. Information on restricted and controlled use is provided to permit a full consideration of decommissioning alternatives. Procedures are presented for modifying the ARCL values to accommodate changes in the radionuclide mixture or concentrations and to determine instrument responses for various mixtures of radionuclides. Finally, a comparison is made between existing decommissioning guidance and the ARCL values calculated for unrestricted release of the 115-F and 117-F facilities. The comparison shows a good agreement.

Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Napier, B.A.

1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

T-554: Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors related to audio.

94

CX-007916: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

916: Categorical Exclusion Determination 916: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007916: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all products listed in Table 1.1 of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form

95

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) Program or Fjeld Office: EERE- Buildings Technology Program Location(s) (City/CQunty/Statel: Nationwide Proposed Action Description: DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to aU products listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. Categorical ExclusiQn(s) Applied: 85.1 - Actions to conserve energy or waler For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical eXClusions, including the full text of

96

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to renewable energy is carbon cap-and-trade. This marketrenewable energy will receive allowances under cap-and-tradethe cap-and-trade program rules and whether renewable energy

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Rotational spectrum of HD perturbed by He or Ar gases: The effects of rotationally inelastic collisions on the interference between allowed and collisionally induced components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spectral line shapes for the HD rotational spectra perturbed by He and Ar gases, which show interference between allowed and collisionally induced dipole transitions, are calculated including the effects of inelastic rotational collisions. The general parametrization of the line shape, including inelastic collisions, requires six independent real parameters as opposed to four in the theory of Herman, Tipping, and Poll [Phys. Rev. A 20, 2006 (1979)]. Semiclassical calculations based on classical trajectories indicate the importance of the inelastic effects and show qualitative agreement with the experimental parameters. However, it is clear that a full explanation of experimental data will eventually require a full quantum treatment.

Bo Gao; J. Cooper; G. C. Tabisz

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

25.99.09.M0.01 Communication Allowances Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

22, 2009 Revised July 27, 2012 Next Schedule Review: July 27, 2015 Standard Administrative Procedure25.99.09.M0.01 Communication Allowances Page 1 of 3 STANDARD ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE 25.99.09.M0 for equipment and activation fees, and b) Monthly Cellular Communication Plan Allocations, which provide salary

99

Introduction to MATLAB Matlab is a program that allows you to carry out computations in a straightforward manner,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to MATLAB Matlab is a program that allows you to carry out computations started You start Matlab by simply clicking on the icon in the desktop. This will open a command window a prompt, which is where it is waiting for you to type a command. The Matlab prompt looks like this

Bishop, Sonia

100

X-ray fluorescence microscopy allows geochemists to map the distributions of many different elements simultaneously in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

molecular and atomic orbitals. Clorg compounds display discrete absorption maxima corresponding to 1s-ray absorption spectroscopy is highly sensitive to the bonding state of Cl, allowing distinctions to be drawn procedures. The dramatic increase in X-ray absorption around 2,822 eV (Cl K-absorption edge

Duffy, Thomas S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Princeton's undergraduate exchange agreement with ETH Zurich allows Princeton undergraduates to spend the semester at ETH engaging in a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Overview Princeton's undergraduate exchange agreement with ETH Zurich allows Princeton. Although the principal language of instruction at ETH Zurich is German, an increasing number of upper is free of charge for exchange students. ETH Zurich ETH Zurich, or The Swiss Federal Institute

Singh, Jaswinder Pal

102

A Reliable Steam Generator That Will Allow the Elimination of the Secondary Sodium Circuit in an LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

A particular weakness of the commercial liquid-metal fast breeder reactor is the design of the steam generator (SG). Any small leak in the SG allows the hot sodium (Na) to come into contact with the water/steam, and this results in a violent reaction and SG damage. A secondary circuit is normally used to prevent such reactions causing damage to the reactor core and primary vessel.NNC Ltd. has developed a copper (Cu)-bonded SG system, the objective of which is to provide three separate solid boundaries (two steel and one Cu) between the primary sodium coolant and the water/steam and hence eliminate the possibility of contact between Na and water/steam. The design uses a hot isostatic pressure method of construction to bond all three barriers to aid heat transfer. This highly reliable system allows the elimination of the secondary circuit, greatly reducing the cost of the reactor system and increasing availability.

Sherwood, D.V.; Chikazawa, Y

2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Specification of CuCrZr Alloy Properties after Various Thermo-Mechanical Treatments and Design Allowables including Neutron Irradiation Effects  

SciTech Connect

Precipitation hardened CuCrZr alloy is a promising heat sink and functional material for various applica- tions in ITER, for example the first wall, blanket electrical attachment, divertor, and heating systems. Three types of thermo-mechanical treatment were identified as most promising for the various applica- tions in ITER: solution annealing, cold working and ageing; solution annealing and ageing; solution annealing and ageing at non-optimal condition due to specific manufacturing processes for engineer- ing-scale components. The available data for these three types of treatments were assessed and mini- mum tensile properties were determined based on recommendation of Structural Design Criteria for the ITER In-vessel Components. The available data for these heat treatments were analyzed for assess- ment of neutron irradiation effect. Using the definitions of the ITER Structural Design Criteria the design allowable stress intensity values are proposed for CuCrZr alloy after various heat treatments.

Barabash, Vladimir [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France] [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France; Kalinin, G. M. [RDIPE, P.O. Box 788, 101000 Moscow, Russia] [RDIPE, P.O. Box 788, 101000 Moscow, Russia; Fabritsiev, Sergei A. [D.V. Efremov Scientific Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia] [D.V. Efremov Scientific Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia; Zinkle, Steven J [ORNL] [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

ELECTRON-IMPACT EXCITATION OF Cr II: A THEORETICAL CALCULATION OF EFFECTIVE COLLISION STRENGTHS FOR OPTICALLY ALLOWED TRANSITIONS  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, we present electron-impact excitation collision strengths and Maxwellian averaged effective collision strengths for the complicated iron-peak ion Cr II. We consider specifically the allowed lines for transitions from the 3d {sup 5} and 3d {sup 4}4s even parity configuration states to the 3d {sup 4}4p odd parity configuration levels. The parallel suite of R-Matrix packages, RMATRX II, which have recently been extended to allow for the inclusion of relativistic effects, were used to compute the collision cross sections. A total of 108 LS{pi}/280 J{pi} levels from the basis configurations 3d {sup 5}, 3d {sup 4}4s, and 3d {sup 4}4p were included in the wavefunction representation of the target including all doublet, quartet, and sextet terms. Configuration interaction and correlation effects were carefully considered by the inclusion of seven more configurations and a pseudo-corrector 4d-bar type orbital. The 10 configurations incorporated into the Cr II model thus listed are 3d {sup 5}, 3d {sup 4}4s, 3d {sup 4}4p, 3d {sup 3}4s {sup 2}, 3d {sup 3}4p {sup 2}, 3d {sup 3}4s4p, 3d{sup 4}4d-bar, 3d{sup 3}4s4d-bar, 3d{sup 3}4p4d-bar, and 3d{sup 3}4d-bar{sup 2}, constituting the largest Cr II target model considered to date in a scattering calculation. The Maxwellian averaged effective collision strengths are computed for a wide range of electron temperatures 2000-100,000 K which are astrophysically significant. Care has been taken to ensure that the partial wave contributions to the collision strengths for these allowed lines have converged with 'top-up' from the Burgess-Tully sum rule incorporated. Comparisons are made with the results of Bautista et al. and significant differences are found for some of the optically allowed lines considered.

Wasson, I. R.; Ramsbottom, C. A.; Scott, M. P., E-mail: iwasson01@qub.ac.uk [Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Queen's University, Belfast (United Kingdom)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Estimate of the allowable dimensions of diagnosed defects in category III and IV welded pipeline joints{sup 1}  

SciTech Connect

An approach for estimating the permissible dimensions of technological defects in butt welded joints in category III and IV pipelines is described. The allowable size of a welding defect is determined from the condition of compliance with the specifications on strength for a reference cross section (damaged joint) of the pipeline taking into account its weakening by a given defect.With regard to the fairly widespread discovery of technological defects in butt welded joints during diagnostics of auxiliary pipelines for thermal electric power plants, the proposed approach can be used in practice by repair and consulting organizations.

Grin', E. A.; Bochkarev, V. I. [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, EmissionsAllowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables PortfolioStandards  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia have adopted mandatory renewables portfolio standards (RPS) over the last ten years. Renewable energy attributes-such as the energy source, conversion technology, plant location and vintage, and emissions-are usually required to verify compliance with these policies, sometimes through attributes bundled with electricity, and sometimes with the attributes unbundled from electricity and traded separately as renewable energy certificates (RECs). This report summarizes the treatment of renewable energy attributes in state RPS rules. Its purpose is to provide a source of information for states considering RPS policies, and also to draw attention to certain policy issues that arise when renewable attributes and RECs are used for RPS compliance. Three specific issues are addressed: (1) the degree to which unbundled RECs are allowed under existing state RPS programs and the status of systems to track RECs and renewable energy attributes; (2) definitions of the renewable energy attributes that must be included in order to meet state RPS obligations, including the treatment of available emissions allowances; and (3) state policies on whether renewable energy or RECs sold through voluntary green power transactions may count towards RPS obligations.

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Fracturing alliance allows massive diatomite oil reserves to be economically produced at Lost Hills, California: A case study  

SciTech Connect

As North American oilfield operations mature, there is a perceptible loosening of the autocratic ties between oil companies and contractors. They are being replaced by alliances or partnerships designed to minimize cost while improving profitability of the companies involved. Many papers have been written concerning alliance theory, but little documentation exists detailing actual performance. This paper evaluates a mature alliance, its implementation, structure and results. In Lost Hills, California, the diatomite formation requires hydraulic fracturing to allow oil recovery at profitable production rates. Because hydraulic fracturing is approximately two-thirds of the total well cost, it is imperative that fracturing investments be optimized to allow field development to proceed at optimum levels. Therefore, in 1990, a fracturing alliance (the first of its kind) was initiated between Chevron and Schlumberger Dowell. Over 1 billion lbm of sand has been successfully placed during approximately 2,000 fracture stimulation jobs. Through this prototype fracturing alliance, many major accomplishments are being achieved. The most notable are the hydraulic fracturing costs that have been reduced by 40% while improving the profitability of both companies. This paper illustrates the benefits of an alliance and justifies the change in management style from a low-bid operating strategy to a win-win customer/supplier attitude.

Klins, M.A.; Stewart, D.W.; Pferdehirt, D.J.; Stewart, M.E.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

108

Multi-vehicle Mobility Allowance Shuttle Transit (MAST) System - An Analytical Model to Select the Fleet Size and a Scheduling Heuristic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mobility allowance shuttle transit (MAST) system is a hybrid transit system in which vehicles are allowed to deviate from a fixed route to serve flexible demand. A mixed integer programming (MIP) formulation for the static scheduling problem...

Lu, Wei

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

109

Isospin analysis of Theta+ production forbids gamma p ---> Theta+ K(s) and allows gamma n ---> Theta+ K-.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ar X iv :h ep -p h/ 05 06 08 4v 3 1 6 Ju n 20 05 Cavendish-HEP-05/09 TAUP 2807/05 ANL-HEP-PR-05-47 Isospin Analysis of ?+ production forbids ?p ? ?+ Ks and allows ?n ? ?+ K? Marek Karliner a,b? and Harry J. Lipkin b,c a Cavendish Laboratory... .g. comparing ?p ? pK+K? with the analogous reaction with neutral kaons in the final state. One can also do an analogous comparison in ?d. The relevant data might in principle be available in the CLAS g11 and LEPS experiments. We also note that the ?KoKo vertex...

Karliner, Marek; Lipkin, Harry J

110

SPACE SHUTTLEPROGRAMPETITION FOR HCFC 141b Exemption Allowance Appendix A. Shuttle Applications of HCFC 141b Blown Foams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and attachments. The aft dome TPS requirement is primarily driven by propellant quality requirements (temperature Insulation Installation I:I' lnsiiliitioii 1.1 I: t Ali Skirt TPS Installation CloscoLlt CloscoLlt t Aft components of the ET has its own TPS requirement based on environments and mission conditions 1) The main

Christian, Eric

111

2006 Status Report Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) Voluntary Labeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology. August. AHAM. 2002. Excel Spreadsheet: "development process through AHAM. Energy Star wattages are

Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Sanchez, Marla; Homan, Gregory K.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

2007 Status Report: Savings Estimates for the ENERGY STAR(R) VoluntaryLabeling Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology. August. AHAM. 2002. Excel Spreadsheet: "development process through AHAM. Energy Star wattages are

Sanchez, Marla; Webber, Carrie A.; Brown, Richard E.; Homan, Gregory K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The impact of carbon taxes or allowances on the electric generation market in the Ohio and ECAR region  

SciTech Connect

The North American electricity grid is separated into 11 regional reliability councils, collectively called the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC). The East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR) is the reliability council that covers Ohio and Indiana, along with parts of Kentucky, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Ohio and the rest of the ECAR region rely more heavily on coal-fired generation than any other US region. The purpose of this report is to study the effect of carbon reduction policies on the cost and price of generation in the ECAR region, with an emphasis on Ohio. In order to do that, the author modeled the possible electric generation system for the ECAR and Ohio region for the year 2010 using a model developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory called the Oak Ridge Competitive Electric Dispatch model (ORCED). He let the model optimize the system based on various factors and carbon reduction policies to understand their impact. He then used the electricity prices and assumed demand elasticities to change the demands while also requiring all power plants to be profitable. The author discusses the different potential policies for carbon reduction and issues involving a restructured market; describes the model used for this analysis, the ECAR electricity sector, and the establishment of a base case; and describes the results of applying various carbon emission reduction approaches to the region. 14 figs., 5 tabs.

Hadley, S.W.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Changes Made on a 2.7-m Long Superconducting Solenoid Magnet Cryogenic System that allowed the Magnet to be kept Cold using 4 K Pulse Tube Cooler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Cooler, Advances in Cryogenic Engineering 57, pp 581 -Solenoid Magnet Cryogenic System that allowed the Magnet toof the International Cryogenic Engineering Conference 22,

Green, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

PILOT TESTING: PRETREATMENT OPTIONS TO ALLOW RE-USE OF FRAC FLOWBACK AND PRODUCED BRINE FOR GAS SHALE RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the A&M DOE NETL Project No. DE-FE0000847 was to develop a mobile, multifunctional water treatment capability designed specifically for pre-treatment of field waste brine. The project consisted of constructing s mobile field laboratory incorporating new technology for treating high salinity produced water and using the lab to conduct a side-by-side comparison between this new technology and that already existing in field operations. A series of four field trials were performed utilizing the mobile unit to demonstrate the effectiveness of different technology suitable for use with high salinity flow back brines and produced water. The design of the mobile unit was based on previous and current work at the Texas A&M Separation Sciences Pilot Plant. The several treatment techniques which have been found to be successful in both pilot plant and field tests had been tested to incorporate into a single multifunctional process train. Eight different components were evaluated during the trials, two types of oil and grease removal, one BTEX removal step, three micro-filters, and two different nanofilters. The performance of each technique was measured by its separation efficiency, power consumption, and ability to withstand fouling. The field trials were a success. Four different field brines were evaluated in the first trial in New York. Over 16,000 gallons of brine were processed. Using a power cost of $.10 per kWh, media pretreatment power use averaged $0.004 per barrel, solids removal $.04 per barrel and brine softening $.84 per barrel. Total power cost was approximately $1.00 per barrel of fluid treated. In Pennsylvania, brines collected from frac ponds were tested in two additional trials. Each of the brines was converted to an oil-free, solids-free brine with no biological activity. Brines were stable over time and would be good candidates for use as a make-up fluid in a subsequent fracturing fluid design. Reports on all of the field trials and subcontractor research have been summarized in this Final Report. Individual field trial reports and research reports are contained in the companion volume titled Appendices

Burnett, David

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

116

Abstract 642: Transcend, a protein vector for brain delivery, allows trastuzumab to reach the brain at effective concentration after incorporation to form BT2111  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Abstract 642: Transcend, a protein vector for brain delivery, allows trastuzumab to reach the brain at effective concentration after incorporation...patients eventually succumb to metastases of the brain because the endothelial tight junctions of...

Reinhard Gabathuler; Timothy Z. Vitalis; Mohamed I. Nounou; Chris E. Adkins; Paul R. Lockman; Wilfred A. Jefferies

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

"Education for Sustainable Development allows every human being to acquire the knowl-edge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to shape a sustainable future"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AGENDA SCHEDULE E S D "Education for Sustainable Development allows every human being to acquire Urbanisation UNESCO World Conference on Education for Sustainable Development http the knowl- edge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to shape a sustainable future" Biodiversity

Tanaka, Jiro

118

Nonoperating * Net of scholarship allowances.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Debt (36.135m) Extension and Public Service (36.44m) Scholarship and Fellowships (43.537m) Other 150 15 Kentucky 281 32 South Dakota 227 49 Colorado 134 16 Oklahoma 278 33 Idaho 219 50 New Hampshire Michigan 5.49 49 Colorado 3.20 16 Louisiana 7.73 33 Connecticut 5.47 50 New Hampshire 2.39 17 Tennessee 7

119

Nonoperating * Net of scholarship allowances.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Capital Asset Related Debt (41.575m) Extension and Public Service (39.286m) Scholarship and Fellowships Wisconsin 5.06 49 Colorado 2.88 16 Indiana 6.70 33 Florida 4.81 50 New Hampshire 1.39 16 Oklahoma 6.70 34.0 Percentage of Total Revenues Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey 77 FINANCES #12;Rutgers, The State

Garfunkel, Eric

120

Village of Silver Springs, New York (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Springs Silver Springs Place New York Utility Id 17186 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Demand Metered Commercial General Non-Demand Commercial Private Outdoor Lighting (1000 Wattage) Lighting Private Outdoor Lighting (175 Wattage) Lighting Residential Residential Street Lighting Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.0691/kWh Commercial: $0.0587/kWh Industrial: $0.0449/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Permeable pavement is a system that allows rainwater and runoff to move through the pavement's porous surface to a storage layer below.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permeable pavement is a system that allows rainwater and runoff to move through the pavement. Research has also shown that the stormwater that flows through the layers of a permeable pavement system festivals and green fairs to teach people about stormwater management. Her cur rent work includes aiding

Goodman, Robert M.

122

The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for Android devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses in the palm of your hands.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Blackboard Mobile Learn app for Android devices allows you to access your Blackboard courses. To download and install the app, go to the Play Store and search for Blackboard Mobile Learn 2. Once you have in to CUNY Portal. Blackboard Mobile Learn for Android 3 4 Revised: 3.27.2014 Bb9: Blackboard Mobile

Qiu, Weigang

123

PURPOSE: This product provides simulation capabilities to allow water resource managers to meet operational and water quality objectives in a basin wide approach under the System-Wide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the spring to conserve cooler water temperatures in the fall). Coupling ResSim and CE-QUAL-W2 (W2) provides- tives for in-pool and riverine locations for real-time water management and in planning studiesPURPOSE: This product provides simulation capabilities to allow water resource managers to meet

US Army Corps of Engineers

124

The suite is equipped with a high pressure homogenizer (Aves-tin) which will allow the disruption of dissimilar samples with a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and rotameters, which provide user-friendly setup and automated control/recording of temperature, pH, dissolved automated control/ recording of temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen (dO2) during the fermentation process supply (100 psi) which will allow to pro- cess different samples: liposomes (70 psi), E. coli (70 psi

Strynadka, Natalie

125

Determining erodibility, critical shear stress, and allowable discharge estimates for cohesive channels: case study in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

The continuous discharge of coalbed natural gas-produced (CBNG-produced) water within ephemeral, cohesive channels in the Powder River Basin (PRB) of Wyoming can result in significant erosion. A study was completed to investigate channel stability in an attempt to correlate cohesive soil properties to critical shear stress. An in situ jet device was used to determine critical shear stress (tau{sub c}) and erodibility (k{sub d}); cohesive soil properties were determined following ASTM procedures for 25 reaches. The study sites were comprised of erodible to moderately resistant clays with tau{sub c} ranging from 0.11 to 15.35 Pa and k{sub d} ranging from 0.27 to 2.38 cm{sup 3}/N s. A relationship between five cohesive soil characteristics and tau{sub c} was developed and presented for use in deriving tau{sub c} for similar sites. Allowable discharges for CBNG-produced water were also derived using tau{sub c} and the tractive force method. An increase in the allowable discharge was found for channels in which vegetation was maintained. The information from this case study is critical to the development of a conservative methodology to establish allowable discharges while minimizing flow-induced instability.

Thoman, R.W.; Niezgoda, S.L. [Lowham Engineering LLC, Lander, WY (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

126

Genetic-Algorithm Discovery of a Direct-Gap and Optically Allowed Superstructure from Indirect-Gap Si and Ge Semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

Combining two indirect-gap materials - with different electronic and optical gaps - to create a direct gap material represents an ongoing theoretical challenge with potentially rewarding practical implications, such as optoelectronics integration on a single wafer. We provide an unexpected solution to this classic problem, by spatially melding two indirect-gap materials (Si and Ge) into one strongly dipole-allowed direct-gap material. We leverage a combination of genetic algorithms with a pseudopotential Hamiltonian to search through the astronomic number of variants of Si{sub n}/Ge{sub m}/.../Si{sub p}/Ge{sub q} superstructures grown on (001) Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x}. The search reveals a robust configurational motif - SiGe{sub 2}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}SiGe{sub n} on (001) Si{sub x}Ge{sub 1-x} substrate (x {le} 0.4) presenting a direct and dipole-allowed gap resulting from an enhanced {Gamma}-X coupling at the band edges.

d'Avezac, M.; Luo, J. W.; Chanier, T.; Zunger, A.

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

127

Determination of the load-carrying ability of reinforced plastic laminates with allowance for the degradation of mechanical parameters of individual layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A procedure for the prediction of the load-carrying ability of unidirectional-fiber reinforced composite laminates is presented, which is based on a structural-phenomenological model developed of the degradati...

N. K. Kucher; M. N. Zarazovskii

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Environmental Assessment for Authorizing the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to allow Public Access to the Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) Reactor Building, Ricon, Puerto Rico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

394: Public Access to the BONUS Facility January 2003 394: Public Access to the BONUS Facility January 2003 i DOE/EA-1394 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR AUTHORIZING THE PUERTO RICO ELECTRIC POWER AUTHORITY (PREPA) TO ALLOW PUBLIC ACCESS TO THE BOILING NUCLEAR SUPERHEAT (BONUS) REACTOR BUILDING, RINCÓN, PUERTO RICO January 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations Office Oak Ridge, Tennessee DOE/EA-1394: Public Access to the BONUS Facility January 2003 ii TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES V LIST OF TABLES V ACRONYMS VI UNIT ABBREVIATIONS VII SUMMARY VIII 1. INTRODUCTION 10 1.1 Purpose and Need for Action 10 1.2 Operational and Decommissioning History 15 1.3 Summary of Radiological Conditions at the BONUS Facility 19 2. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES 25

129
130

EPICS BASE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002230MLTPL00 Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System BASE http://www.aps.anl.gov/epics

131

Nonoverlapping Common Substrings Allowing H.L. Chan, T.W. Lam, W.K. Sung, Prudence Wong and S.M. Yiu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the conserved genes of two genomes (i.e., the entire DNA of two species). The input is a collection of n maximal common substrings of the two genomes. The problem is to find, based on di#erent criteria, a subset selected have the same ordering in the two genomes and they do not overlap among themselves in either

Wong, Prudence W.H.

132

Energy Data Sourcebook for the U.S. Residential Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Compact Fluorescent Bulbs Style Lamp Wattage Approximatebulbs is 112 TWh. If the PG&E survey's estimate of fluorescent (

Wenzel, T.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Printer-friendly format E-mail this story  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, requires as little as one-half the wattage of a standard fluorescent bulb. Return to top The newly designed

Ruina, Andy L.

134

SCDFinder, a Web-based tool for the identification of putative novel ATM and ATR targets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......APPLICATIONS NOTES SEQUENCE ANALYSIS SCDFinder, a Web-based tool for the identification of putative...The aim of this work was to develop a web-based tool to allow for easy identification...process, we have created SCDFinder, a web-based tool that allows a user to easily......

Lukas Cara; Medina Baitemirova; Franklin Duong; Maia Larios-Sanz; Albert Ribes-Zamora

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

ROM-based computation: quantum versus classical  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a model of computation based on read only memory (ROM), which allows us to compare the space-efficiency of reversible, error-free classical computation with reversible, error-free quantum computation. We show that a ROM-based quantum computer with one writable qubit is universal, whilst two writable bits are required for a universal classical ROM-based computer. We also comment on the time-efficiency advantages of quantum computation within this model.

B. C. Travaglione; M. A. Nielsen; H. M. Wiseman; A. Ambainis

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity advice based Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publishers, Boston. Manufactured in The Netherlands. Summary: augment this with a process that allows an observer to watch the learner and suggest advice based... ; rather,...

137

Directory Enabled Policy Based Networking  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a discussion of directory-enabled policy-based networking with an emphasis on its role as the foundation for securely scalable enterprise networks. A directory service provides the object-oriented logical environment for interactive cyber-policy implementation. Cyber-policy implementation includes security, network management, operational process and quality of service policies. The leading network-technology vendors have invested in these technologies for secure universal connectivity that transverses Internet, extranet and intranet boundaries. Industry standards are established that provide the fundamental guidelines for directory deployment scalable to global networks. The integration of policy-based networking with directory-service technologies provides for intelligent management of the enterprise network environment as an end-to-end system of related clients, services and resources. This architecture allows logical policies to protect data, manage security and provision critical network services permitting a proactive defense-in-depth cyber-security posture. Enterprise networking imposes the consideration of supporting multiple computing platforms, sites and business-operation models. An industry-standards based approach combined with principled systems engineering in the deployment of these technologies allows these issues to be successfully addressed. This discussion is focused on a directory-based policy architecture for the heterogeneous enterprise network-computing environment and does not propose specific vendor solutions. This document is written to present practical design methodology and provide an understanding of the risks, complexities and most important, the benefits of directory-enabled policy-based networking.

KELIIAA, CURTIS M.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

XFlow: an XML-Based document-centric workflow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims at investigating on an appropriate framework that allows the definition of workflows for collaborative document procedures. In this framework, called XFlow and largely based on XSLT Processing Model, the workflows are described by means ...

Andrea Marchetti; Maurizio Tesconi; Salvatore Minutoli

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Cell-based array for deep sub-micron technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis I explore transistor topologies for high density cell-based arrays that allows for dense computation blocks, small memory cells, and strong signal drivers. This involves simulating different circuit types ...

Oey, James Boe-Kian, 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Facette : using facets to improve tag-based bookmarking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facette is a web service that uses facets to enhance the organizational capabilities of tag-based bookmarking systems. As with other bookmarking services, Facette allows users to associate tags with bookmarks to assist the ...

Lai, Peter (Peter J.)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Credit Based; Beginning Swimming Credit/Hour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the pool. To be able to swim at least 50 yards with one of the learned strokes. Required Materials: Swim. Make-Ups: Only two make-ups allowed by swimming laps during open swim/lap swim at MSU pool. Lap swimCredit Based; Beginning Swimming Credit/Hour s Class Title Lead Instructo r Phone Email Office

Maxwell, Bruce D.

142

VAMPIRE microarray suite: a web-based platform for the interpretation of gene expression data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

density. We pre- sent here a publicly available, web-based platform that allows users to easily load data the analysis of large data sets, this interface allows users to quickly load data and characterize experimentalVAMPIRE microarray suite: a web-based platform for the interpretation of gene expression data

143

Funding is allowing Physics professor Matt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on fibre quality and moisture content. Bioenergy System UNBC is working with the Wood Pellet Association. The pilot project is part of a feasibility study on using the campus as a showpiece for bioenergy. Future, hosted community reps, marketing experts, and industry leaders in September for a workshop that explored

Northern British Columbia, University of

144

Minimum rank of graphs that allow loops.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The traditional "minimum rank problem" for simple graphs associates a set of symmetric matrices, the zero-nonzero pattern of whose off-diagonal entries are described by the (more)

Mikkelson, Rana C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Intertemporal pricing of sulfur dioxide allowances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 initiated the first large-scale use of the tradable permit approach to pollution control. The theoretical case for this approach rests on the assumption of an efficient market for ...

Bailey, Elizabeth M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Structured Video: A Data Type with ContentBased Access  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structured Video: A Data Type with Content­Based Access Andrzej Duda y Ron Weiss September 1993 MIT: video indexing and searching, video databases, content­ based retrieval, video algebra #12; Abstract We describe structured video, a general video data model allowing free form annotation, composition

Gifford, David K.

147

Workshop-based Security Safeguard Selection with AURUM Thomas Neubauer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Workshop-based Security Safeguard Selection with AURUM Thomas Neubauer Vienna University functionality by introducing the AURUM Workshop, which allows the selection of efficient safeguards based approach is used for selecting safeguards. This paper extends the functionality of AURUM by introducing

148

XML ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS: A COMPONENT-BASED APPROACH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the characteristics of XML documents, allowing the definition of access control policies that operate with a fine to the integration of the access control system with Web based systems. #12;The analysis contained in this paperCHAPTER 4 XML ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS: A COMPONENT-BASED APPROACH E. Damiani1 S. De Capitani di

Samarati, Pierangela

149

Nesting-based Relational-to-XML Schema Translation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nesting-based Relational-to- XML Schema Translation Dongwon Lee Murali Mani Frank Chiu Wesley W Proposed Techniques Flat Translation (FT) Nesting-based Translation (NeT) Translation using InclusionDB'01 Nesting Nested relational model: allows non-1NF Nest operator: nesting on column X collects all

Lee, Dongwon

150

UML-based specification and generation of executable web services  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents an approach for the development of executable Web services based on model transformation techniques. The approach is based on a new Web service profile for the Unified Modeling Language (UML), which allows an efficient definition ... Keywords: M2T, MDSD, SOA, SoaML, UML, Xpand, code generation, model transformation, web services

Wafi Dahman; Jens Grabowski

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

CR@B, or `cancer research at Bath', is a network that facilitates interaction between departments and institutes to allow multi-disciplinary activities in the field of cancer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CR@B, or `cancer research at Bath', is a network that facilitates interaction between departments and institutes to allow multi-disciplinary activities in the field of cancer research. The network provides groups, promoting opportunities for interdisciplinary research and raising awareness of cancer research

Burton, Geoffrey R.

152

Video Note is a new tool that we released for use by both Instructors and Students in Avenue to Learn. This tool allows anyone with permission to create a video captured from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Video Note Video Note is a new tool that we released for use by both Instructors and Students in Avenue to Learn. This tool allows anyone with permission to create a video captured from your webcam up to 3 minutes in duration. Video Note is available anywhere you can Insert Stuff using the text

Hitchcock, Adam P.

153

Home for the Holidays allows students the opportunity to join an American family at their home during one of our scheduled holiday breaks. The stay will be for up to 4 days. You could be traveling to a different state  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home for the Holidays allows students the opportunity to join an American family at their home Nashville, TN 37240 Phone: 615-322-2753Fax: 615-343-7799 E-mail: isss@vanderbilt.edu Home for the Holidays is coordinated by ISSS, an Office of the Dean of Students and Parents and Family Program Email: Phone: Home

Bordenstein, Seth

154

Advanced chemistry-transport modeling and observing systems allow daily air quality observations, short-term forecasts, and real-time analyses of air quality at the global and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced chemistry-transport modeling and observing systems allow daily air quality observations, short-term forecasts, and real-time analyses of air quality at the global and European scales control measures that could be taken for managing such episodes, European-scale air quality forecasting

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

155

Robust Solution to Difficult Hydrogen Issues When Shipping Transuranic Waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

SciTech Connect

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has been open, receiving, and disposing of transuranic (TRU) waste since March 26, 1999. The majority of the waste has a path forward for shipment to and disposal at the WIPP, but there are about two percent (2%) or approximately 3,020 cubic meters (m{sup 3}) of the volume of TRU waste (high wattage TRU waste) that is not shippable because of gas generation limits set by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This waste includes plutonium-238 waste, solidified organic waste, and other high plutonium-239 wastes. Flammable gases are potentially generated during transport of TRU waste by the radiolysis of hydrogenous materials and therefore, the concentration at the end of the shipping period must be predicted. Two options are currently available to TRU waste sites for solving this problem: (1) gas generation testing on each drum, and (2) waste form modification by repackaging and/or treatment. Repackaging some of the high wattage waste may require up to 20:1 drum increase to meet the gas generation limits of less than five percent (5%) hydrogen in the inner most layer of confinement (the layer closest to the waste). (This is the limit set by the NRC.) These options increase waste handling and transportation risks and there are high costs and potential worker exposure associated with repackaging this high-wattage TRU waste. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) is pursuing a twofold approach to develop a shipping path for these wastes. They are: regulatory change and technology development. For the regulatory change, a more detailed knowledge of the high wattage waste (e.g., void volumes, gas generation potential of specific chemical constituents) may allow refinement of the current assumptions in the gas generation model for Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging for Contact-Handled (CH) TRU waste. For technology development, one of the options being pursued is the use of a robust container, the ARROW-PAK{trademark} System. (1) The ARROW-PAK{trademark} is a macroencapsulation treatment technology, developed by Boh Environmental, LLC, New Orleans, Louisiana. This technology has been designed to withstand any unexpected hydrogen deflagration (i.e. no consequence) and other benefits such as criticality control.

Countiss, S. S.; Basabilvazo, G. T.; Moody, D. C. III; Lott, S. A.; Pickerell, M.; Baca, T.; CH2M Hill; Tujague, S.; Svetlik, H.; Hannah, T.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

156

T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix 9: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution February 17, 2011 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution. PLATFORM: IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 ABSTRACT: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted arguments in the USELASTCOMMITTED session environment option in a SQL SET ENVIRONMENT statement. reference LINKS: Security Database - Reference - CVE-2011-1033 CVE Details - Reference - CVE-2011-1033

157

An icon-based software design tool  

SciTech Connect

The authors have developed a Windows-based iconic detailed design tool named BACCII++, which allows the user to design a program with icons representing all the major procedural and object-oriented programming constructs and data structures within a syntax-directed environment. The user can then generate syntactically correct code for any one of several text-based languages. This tool has been used successfully for several years in an academic environment; current research is focused on developing a BACCII-like tool which will be even more useful in a commercial setting.

Bagert, D.J.; Calloni, B.A. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

158

Celloidosomes via glass-based microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report a glass-based microfluidic route for the generation of a particular class of celloidosomes consisting of an assembly of yeast cells at the outskirts of liquid drops inside an also liquid continuous phase. This is the first demonstration of the encapsulation of cells into shells of alginate surrounding a liquid core. The microfluidic method based on double emulsion technology allows precise control on the size of the celloidosomes, thickness of the outer shell, and the cell density. In addition, this surface encapsulation technique can potentially overcome cell viability issues usually associated with bulk cell encapsulation techniques.

V R Gundabala; S Martinez-Escobar; S M Marquez; M Marquez; A Fernandez-Nieves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Satellite-Based Quantum Communications  

SciTech Connect

Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers the attractive feature of 'future proof', forward security rooted in the laws of quantum physics. Ground based quantum key distribution (QKD) experiments in optical fiber have attained transmission ranges in excess of 200km, but for larger distances we proposed a methodology for satellite-based QC. Over the past decade we have devised solutions to the technical challenges to satellite-to-ground QC, and we now have a clear concept for how space-based QC could be performed and potentially utilized within a trusted QKD network architecture. Functioning as a trusted QKD node, a QC satellite ('QC-sat') could deliver secret keys to the key stores of ground-based trusted QKD network nodes, to each of which multiple users are connected by optical fiber or free-space QC. A QC-sat could thereby extend quantum-secured connectivity to geographically disjoint domains, separated by continental or inter-continental distances. In this paper we describe our system concept that makes QC feasible with low-earth orbit (LEO) QC-sats (200-km-2,000-km altitude orbits), and the results of link modeling of expected performance. Using the architecture that we have developed, LEO satellite-to-ground QKD will be feasible with secret bit yields of several hundred 256-bit AES keys per contact. With multiple ground sites separated by {approx} 100km, mitigation of cloudiness over any single ground site would be possible, potentially allowing multiple contact opportunities each day. The essential next step is an experimental QC-sat. A number of LEO-platforms would be suitable, ranging from a dedicated, three-axis stabilized small satellite, to a secondary experiment on an imaging satellite. to the ISS. With one or more QC-sats, low-latency quantum-secured communications could then be provided to ground-based users on a global scale. Air-to-ground QC would also be possible.

Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McCabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Raymond T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

160

Bisimulation and public announcements in logics of evidence-based knowledge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bisimulation and public announcements in logics of evidence-based knowledge Bryan Renne Computer for Artemov's logics of evidence-based knowledge. Bisimulation allows us to study the effect of dynamic epistemic operation, add expressivity to the language of evidenced-based knowledge. It is also shown

Renne, Bryan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50...

162

Routing Approach in IPv6 Ubiquitous Internet-Based Home Automation Network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Internet-based home automation system allows home owners to monitor and control connected devices in the home using any Internet enabled device. The homes low power and low data rate, ... needs are catered for u...

Ardiansyah Musa Efendi; Oh Seung Kyo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Case{based Meta Learning: Sustained Learning supported by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Case{based Meta Learning: Sustained Learning supported by a Dynamically Biased Version Space Jacky{recognized that in practical in- ductive learning systems the search for a concept must be heavily biased. In addi- tion is sustained learn- ing, allowing transfer from known tasks to new ones. Previous work on dynamic bias has

Baltes, Jacky

164

Developing and Executing Goal-Based, Adjustably Autonomous Procedures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing and Executing Goal-Based, Adjustably Autonomous Procedures David Kortenkamp, R. Peter@jsc.nasa.gov This paper describes an approach to representing, authoring and executing procedures during human spaceflight missions. The approach allows for the explicit incorporation of goals into procedures. The approach also

Kortenkamp, David

165

Analysis of WebBased Simulation Data Andrew F. Seila  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

simulation, all output data depend upon the initial state of the system. The objective of running a transient simulation is to estimate a system parameter that is conditioned on the starting state. A steady and systems. The use of beans in Web­based simulation allows many independently developed components to work

Miller, John A.

166

Designing inner hood panels through a shape grammar based framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A framework for a design tool based on shape grammars is presented as an effective means for supporting the early stages of design. The framework uses a shape grammar interpreter to implement parametric shape grammars, allowing the grammar to be used ... Keywords: Design Tool, Engineering, Shape Grammars

Jay P. McCormack; Jonathan Cagan

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Nested Queries in Object Bases Sophie Cluet Guido Moerkotte  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nested Queries in Object Bases Sophie Cluet Guido Moerkotte INRIA Lehrstuhl f¨ur Informatik III BP for object­oriented (oo) databases allow nested subqueries. This paper contains (1) the first algebra which is capable of handling arbitrary nested queries and (2) the first complete classification of oo nested

Mannheim, Universität

168

Subject-based Semantic Document Clustering for Digital Forensic Investigations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Subject-based Semantic Document Clustering for Digital Forensic Investigations Gaby G. Dagher computers has created a demand for special forensic tools that allow investigators to look for evidence by the forensic process at S^uret´e du Qu´ebec (SQ), the Qu´ebec provincial police, we propose a new subject

Fung, Benjamin C. M.

169

Interactions of Multiple Market-Based Energy and Environmental Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and integration of a smart grid that allows for demand response. These challenges need to be met while maintaining-Based Energy and Environmental Policies in a Transmission- Constrained Competitive National Electricity Market provided by PSERC's industry members, by the Department of Energy CERTS program and by the National Science

170

E-Print Network 3.0 - af nye typer Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

omfatter en rkke nye typer diodelyskilder samt nye faciliteter... Classic A FR60). LED-lyskilden vil derfor kunne erstatte visse typer af gldeprer med en wattage op...

171

Energy Cost Calculator for Compact Fluorescent Lamps | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

project. Modify the default values to suit your project requirements. Existing incandescent lamp wattage Watts Incandescent lamp cost dollars Incandescent lamp life 1000 hours...

172

Estimate of Technical Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for typical wattage of incandescent bulbs and hours of usagefor which we assume that incandescent bulbs gradually getsimilar to that of incandescent or fluorescent bulbs. These

Letschert, Virginie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Status and Opportunities for Improving the Consistency of Technical Reference Manuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than an equivalent incandescent). More recent TRMs tend torequiring standard incandescent bulbs to be 30% morea ratio of average incandescent wattage removed to average

Jayaweera, Tina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Architecture for a TCP/IP Based Robotic Protocol JOSHUA D. JACKSON, DALE W. CALLAHAN, DONALD S. APPLEBY,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scripts [3]. The PUMA paint robot allowed the remote user to be an artist from afar [1]. Many otherArchitecture for a TCP/IP Based Robotic Protocol JOSHUA D. JACKSON, DALE W. CALLAHAN, DONALD S@askdrcallahan.com www.uab.edu Abstract: Robotic Systems will soon be prevalent parts of the Internet and will allow

Callahan, Dale W.

175

A ROBUST AUDIO FINGERPRINT'S BASED IDENTIFICATION METHOD An audio fingerprint is a small digest of an audio file  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A ROBUST AUDIO FINGERPRINT'S BASED IDENTIFICATION METHOD ABSTRACT An audio fingerprint is a small digest of an audio file computed from its main perceptual properties. Like human fingerprints, audio fingerprints allow to identify an audio file among a set of candidates but does not allow to re­ trieve any

Brun, Chez Luc

176

Activity Based Costing  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

Activity Based Costing (ABC) is method for developing cost estimates in which the project is subdivided into discrete, quantifiable activities or a work unit. This chapter outlines the Activity Based Costing method and discusses applicable uses of ABC.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

177

Hickam Air Force Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hickam Air Force Base spans 2,850 acres in Honolulu, Hawaii. The military base is home to the 15th Airlift Wing, the Hawaii Air National Guard, and the Pacific Air Forces headquarters.

178

Mobile Conductance and Gossip-based Information Spreading in Mobile Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Conductance and Gossip-based Information Spreading in Mobile Networks Huazi Zhang, Zhaoyang framework for information spreading in mobile networks based on a new performance metric, mobile conductance, which allows us to separate the details of mobility models from the study of mobile spreading time. We

Dai, Huaiyu

179

Hybrid Face Recognition Based on Real-Time Multi-camera Stereo-Matching  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multi-camera systems and GPU-based stereo-matching methods allow for a real-time 3d reconstruction of faces. We use the data generated by such a 3d reconstruction for a hybrid face recognition system based on ...

J. Hensler; K. Denker; M. Franz; G. Umlauf

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Designing a space-based galaxy redshift survey to probe dark energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......space-based galaxy redshift survey to probe dark energy Yun Wang 1 * Will Percival...conventional FoM for comparing dark energy surveys proposed by the DETF (Albrecht...dramatic over ground-based surveys when dark energy density is allowed to be......

Yun Wang; Will Percival; Andrea Cimatti; Pia Mukherjee; Luigi Guzzo; Carlton M. Baugh; Carmelita Carbone; Paolo Franzetti; Bianca Garilli; James E. Geach; Cedric G. Lacey; Elisabetta Majerotto; Alvaro Orsi; Piero Rosati; Lado Samushia; Giovanni Zamorani

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Content-based Audio Classification using Collective Network of Binary Classifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Content-based Audio Classification using Collective Network of Binary Classifiers Toni Mäkinen) framework is presented for content-based audio classification. The topic has been studied in several and the number of classes, as well as to create a scalable network design, which allows introducing new audio

Gabbouj, Moncef

182

Extending the limits of Weatherlings: a ubiquitous, educational, multiplayer, web-based game for mobile and desktop platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UbiqGames is a project that aims to create ubiquitous, educational, multi-player games. Built under UbiqGames framework, Weatherlings is a web-based educational game, which allows players to collaborate in a networked ...

Sasmaz, Yunus

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

A compact transport and charge model for GaN-based high electron mobility transistors for RF applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gallium Nitride (GaN)-based high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) are rapidly emerging as front-runners in high-power mm-wave circuit applications. For circuit design with current devices and to allow sensible future ...

Radhakrishna, Ujwal

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Over-allocation or abatement? : a preliminary analysis of the EU ETS based on the 2005 emission data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an initial analysis of the EU ETS based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, released on May 15, 2006, and subsequent ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A margin-based approach to vehicle threat assessment in a homotopy framework for semi-autonomous highway navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis describes the design of an unified framework for threat assessment and the shared control between a human driver and the onboard controller, based on the notion of fields of safe travel. It allows to perform ...

Constantin, Alexandre, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Glossary | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R-value R-value A measure (h ft2 °F/Btu) of thermal resistance, or how well a material or series of materials resists the flow of heat. The R-value is the reciprocal of the U-factor. Radiant Heating System A heating system that transfers heat to objects and surfaces within the heated space primarily (greater than 50%) by infrared radiation. Raised Truss Raised truss refers to any roof/ceiling construction that allows the insulation to achieve its full thickness over the plate line of exterior walls. Several constructions allow for this, including elevating the heel (sometimes referred to as an energy truss, raised-heel truss, or Arkansas truss), use of cantilevered or oversized trusses, lowering the ceiling joists, or framing with a raised rafter plate. Rated Lamp Wattage

187

The Specter of Fuel-Based Light  

SciTech Connect

Contemporary questions about sustainable energy and development converge in unexpected ways around a technology that is at once an echo of the past and yet very much a part of the present: fuel-based lighting in the developing world. An emerging opportunity for reducing the global costs and greenhouse-gas emissions associated with this highly inefficient form of lighting energy use is to replace fuel-based lamps with white solid-state (''LED'') lighting, described in this Policy Forum, which can be affordably solar-powered. Doing so would allow those without access to electricity in developing world to affordably leapfrog over the prevailing incandescent and fluorescent lighting technologies in use today through the electrified world.

Mills, Evan

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

188

Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICH Detector Prototype  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

\\v{C}erenkov technology is one of the first choices when it comes to particle identification in high energy particle collision applications. Particularly challenging is the deployment in the high pseudorapidity\\footnote{Spatial coordinate describing the angle of a particle relative to the beam axis: $\\eta\\equiv -ln\\left[\\tan\\left(\\frac{\\theta}{2}\\right)\\right]$} (forward) direction where particle identification must allow for high lab momenta, up to about 50 GeV/c. In this region \\v{C}erenkov Ring-Imaging is among the most viable solutions and will provide the desired performance if the radiator has a low index of refraction, high yield of photoelectrons, and allows precise measurement of the position of each photoelectron. A RICH detector prototype based on a novel concept that allows the use of a significantly shorter radiator length compared to conventional RICH detectors has been constructed and tested. The setup and the results obtained are described.

Blatnik, M; Deshpande, A; Dixit, D; Feege, N; Hemmick, T K; Lewis, B; Purschke, M L; Roh, W; Torales-Acosta, F; Videbaek, T; Zajac, S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

MATLAB-Based VHDL Development Environment  

SciTech Connect

The Reconfigurable Computing program at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) required synthesizable VHDL Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) designs that could be quickly implemented into FPGA-based high speed Digital Signal Processing architectures. Several different FFTs were needed for the different systems. As a result, the MATLAB-Based VHDL Development Environment was developed so that with a small amount of work and forethought, arbitrarily sized FFTs with different bit-width parameters could be produced quickly from one VHDL generating algorithm. The result is highly readable VHDL that can be modified quickly via the generating function to adapt to new algorithmic requirements. Several additional capabilities are integrated into the development environment. These capabilities include a bit-true parameterized mathematical model, fixed-point design validation, test vector generation, VHDL design verification, and chip resource use estimation. LANL needed the flexibility to build a wide variety of FFTs with a quick turn around time. It was important to have an effective way of trading off size, speed and precision. The FFTs also needed to be efficiently implemented into our existing FPGA-based architecture. Reconfigurable computing systems at LANL have been designed to accept two or four inputs on each clock. This allows the data processing rate to be reduced to a more manageable speed. This approach, however, limits us from using existing FFT cores. A MATLAB-Based VHDL Development Environment (MBVDE) was created in response to our FFT needs. MBVDE provides more flexibility than is available with VHDL. The technique allows new designs to be implemented and verified quickly. In addition, analysis tools are incorporated to evaluate trade-offs. MBVDE incorporates the performance of VHDL, the fast design time of core generation, and the benefit of not having to know VHDL available with C-tools into one environment. The MBVDE approach is not a comprehensive solution, but is a powerful method for algorithms that involve the cascading of fundamental building blocks.

Katko, K. K. (Kimberly K.); Robinson, S. H. (Scott H.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Droplet-based microfluidics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, the background of both microfluidics and droplet-based microfluidics are first introduced and presented. Next, the objectives and scopes are defined to give (more)

Tan, Say Hwa.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

TF Web Based Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TF-Web-Based-Training Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects & Initiatives Finance...

192

Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofiber Based Biosensor Platform for Glucose Sensor  

SciTech Connect

Vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (VACNFs) have recently become an important tool for biosensor design. Carbon nanofibers (CNF) have excellent conductive and structural properties with many irregularities and defect sites in addition to exposed carboxyl groups throughout their surfaces. These properties allow a better immobilization matrix compared to carbon nanotubes and offer better resolution when compared with the FET-based biosensors. VACNFs can be deterministically grown on silicon substrates allowing optimization of the structures for various biosensor applications. Two VACNF electrode architectures have been employed in this study and a comparison of their performances has been made in terms of sensitivity, sensing limitations, dynamic range, and response time. The usage of VACNF platform as a glucose sensor has been verified in this study by selecting an optimum architecture based on the VACNF forest density. Read More: http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0129156414500062

Mamun, Khandaker Abdullah Al [ORNL] [ORNL; Tulip, Fahmida S [ORNL] [ORNL; Macarthur, Kimberly C [ORNL] [ORNL; McFarlane, Nicole M [ORNL] [ORNL; Islam, Syed K [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

MARKET BASED APPROACHES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BASED BASED APPROACHES K.G. DULEEP MANAGING DIRECTOR EEA BACKGROUND * Introduction of fuel-cell vehicles and jump- starting the market will require significant government actions in the near term * Widespread understanding that command- and-control regulations can work for only very low sales volume. * Increased public sales and acceptance will need development of market based policies. ANALYSIS OBJECTIVES * EEA currently evaluating a number of market based approaches to enhancing fuel economy of conventional and hybrid vehicles. * Primary objective of effort is to evaluate a range of market based approaches that can be implemented when FCV models are market ready, and identify ones that could make a difference. * Effort is in the context of modifying existing approaches to special needs of FCVs

194

Development of a World Wide Web based quiz management system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and tested three Web-based evaluation systems: Mklesson, Eval, and Tutorial Gateway. Mklesson was developed by David Wheeler at the Institute for Defense Analyses. This is a public domain generating program. The program allows an instructor to create a... file which includes standard HTML coding, text, and extended HTML statements that produce a tutorial. The extended HTML statements break up the file into a group of 14 HTML files. The program then processes the files, the tutorial will consist of a...

Taylor, Shannon Carol

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Nano-pore based characterization of branched polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a novel characterization method of randomly branched polymers based on the geometrical property of such objects in confined spaces. The central idea is that randomly branched polymers exhibit passing/clogging transition across the nano-channel as a function of the channel size. This critical channel size depends on the degree of the branching, whereby allowing the extraction of the branching information of the molecule.

Takahiro Sakaue; Franoise Brochard-Wyart

2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Microfluidic-Based Robotic Sampling System for Radioactive Solutions  

SciTech Connect

A novel microfluidic based robotic sampling system has been developed for sampling and analysis of liquid solutions in nuclear processes. This system couples the use of a microfluidic sample chip with a robotic system designed to allow remote, automated sampling of process solutions in-cell and facilitates direct coupling of the microfluidic sample chip with analytical instrumentation. This system provides the capability for near real time analysis, reduces analytical waste, and minimizes the potential for personnel exposure associated with traditional sampling methods. A prototype sampling system was designed, built and tested. System testing demonstrated operability of the microfluidic based sample system and identified system modifications to optimize performance.

Jack D. Law; Julia L. Tripp; Tara E. Smith; Veronica J. Rutledge; Troy G. Garn; John Svoboda; Larry Macaluso

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Hydrogen Based Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Based Bacteria Hydrogen Based Bacteria Name: Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: i was in my Biology class and a very respectable someone mentioned something about the discovery of a hydrogen based bacteria. my teacher wasnt aware of this study, and assigned me to find out about it. so i thought i would Email you and see if you people knew anything about it. Awaiting your repsonse Replies: I'm not quite sure what you mean by hydrogen based bacteria but I will take a stab that you mean bacteria that use hydrogen for energy. Some bacteria are chemolithotrophs which mean that they are autrophs but don't use the sun as their energy source; they get their energy from chemical sources. There are bacteria that use hydrogen as their energy source. They are diverse as a group and are all facultative. The overall chemical reaction looks like this:

198

Space-based detectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The parallel session C5 on Space-Based Detectors gave a broad overview over the planned space missions related to gravitational wave detection. Overviews of the revolutionary science to be expected from LISA was ...

A. Sesana; W. J. Weber; C. J. Killow

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Acoustic Based Sketch Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigate this new area, which we call acoustic based sketch recognition, and evaluate the possibilities of using it as a new interaction technique. We focus specifically on building a recognition engine for acoustic sketch recognition. We first propose a...

Li, Wenzhe

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

200

Service based logistics optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the use of a service based logistics optimization (SBLO) methodology for an inbound reverse logistics network. Currently, Quest Diagnostics solves the vehicle routing problem with time windows (VRPTW) ...

Price, Gregory D., Jr

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Attenuation Based Remedies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The mission of the Attenuation Based Remedies in the Subsurface Applied Field Research Initiative is to seek holistic solutions to DOEs groundwater contamination problems that consider not only...

202

Performance-based Contracting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-based Contracting Performance-based Contracting [Reference: FAR 37.6; DEAR 970.1001] Overview This section provides guidance and instruction for the development and administration of Performance-Based Contracting concepts for the Department's management and operating contracts, and other major operating contracts, as appropriate. Background In 1997, the Department published a final rule (62 FR 34842) which implemented a number of recommendations principally in areas relating to the acquisition processes of its management and operating contracts. One of these recommendations involved the adoption of performance-based contracting concepts. Since the beginning of its contract reform initiatives, the Department has tested a number of approaches to conform its use of fee to such concepts. A core consideration in the application of

203

Layered nickel based superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We review the properties of Ni-based superconductors which contain Ni{sub 2}X{sub 2} (X=As, P, Bi, Si, Ge, B) planes, a common structural element to the recently discovered FeAs superconductors. We also compare the properties ofthe Ni-and Fe-based systems from a perspective ofelectronic structure as well as structure-property relations.

Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Tuson [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kurita, Nobuyuki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Klimczuk, T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Movshovich, R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, J D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sefat, A S [ORNL; Mandrus, D [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Novel silica-based ion exchange resin  

SciTech Connect

Eichrom`s highly successful Diphonixo resin resembles a conventional ion exchange resin in its use of sulfonic acid ligands on a styrene- divinylbenzene matrix. Diphonix resin exhibits rapid exchange kinetics that allow economical operation of ion exchange systems. Unlike conventional resins, Diphonix resin contains chelating ligands that are diphosphonic acid groups that recognize and remove the targeted metals and reject the more common elements such as sodium, calcium and magnesium. This latter property makes Diphonix ideal for many industrial scale applications, including those involving waste treatment. For treatment of low-level, transuranic (TRU) and high- level radioactive wastes, Diphonix`s polystyrene backbone hinders its application due to radiolytic stability of the carbon-hydrogen bonds and lack of compatibility with expected vitrification schemes. Polystyrene-based Diphonix is approximately 60% carbon- hydrogen. In response to an identified need within the Department of Energy for a resin with the positive attributes of Diphonix that also exhibits greater radiolytic stability and final waste form compatibility, Eichrom has successfully developed a new, silica-based resin version of Diphonix. Target application for this new resin is for use in environmental restoration and waste management situations involving the processing of low-level, transuranic and high-level radioactive wastes. The resin can also be used for processing liquid mixed waste (waste that contains low level radioactivity and hazardous constituents) including mixed wastes contaminated with organic compounds. Silica-based Diphonix is only 10% carbon-hydrogen, with the bulk of the matrix silica.

NONE

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GFD-R-P.206 GFD-R-P.206 NML-WG nml-wg@ogf.org Jeroen van der Ham, UvA (editor) Freek Dijkstra, SURFsara Roman Łapacz, PSNC Jason Zurawski, Internet2 May 2013 Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1 Status of This Document Grid Final Draft (GFD), Proposed Recommendation (R-P). Copyright Notice Copyright c Open Grid Forum (2008-2013). Some Rights Reserved. Distribution is unlim- ited. Abstract This document describes a set of normative schemas which allow the description of computer network topologies. Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1 Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

206

Nanowire-based All Oxide Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect

We present an all-oxide solar cell fabricated from vertically oriented zinc oxide nanowires and cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solar cell consists of vertically oriented n-type zinc oxide nanowires, surrounded by a film constructed from p-type cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solution-based synthesis of inexpensive and environmentally benign oxide materials in a solar cell would allow for the facile production of large-scale photovoltaic devices. We found that the solar cell performance is enhanced with the addition of an intermediate oxide insulating layer between the nanowires and the nanoparticles. This observation of the important dependence of the shunt resistance on the photovoltaic performance is widely applicable to any nanowire solar cell constructed with the nanowire array in direct contact with one electrode.

Yang*, Benjamin D. Yuhas and Peidong; Yang, Peidong

2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

207

Stretchable polymer-based electronic device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stretchable electronic circuit or electronic device and a polymer-based process to produce a circuit or electronic device containing a stretchable conducting circuit. The stretchable electronic apparatus has a central longitudinal axis and the apparatus is stretchable in a longitudinal direction generally aligned with the central longitudinal axis. The apparatus comprises a stretchable polymer body and at least one circuit line operatively connected to the stretchable polymer body. The circuit line extends in the longitudinal direction and has a longitudinal component that extends in the longitudinal direction and has an offset component that is at an angle to the longitudinal direction. The longitudinal component and the offset component allow the apparatus to stretch in the longitudinal direction while maintaining the integrity of the circuit line.

Maghribi, Mariam N. (Livermore, CA); Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Davidson, James Courtney (Livermore, CA); Wilson, Thomas S. (Castro Valley, CA); Hamilton, Julie K. (Tracy, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA); Tovar, Armando R. (San Antonio, TX)

2008-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

208

Chapter 2 - Genomics-Based Cancer Theranostics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cancer cells have advantages over normal cells of selective growth and survival, and genetic mutations are the root of those advantages. Over the past decade, especially since the advent of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, also known as second generation, in the mid-2000s, genomic landscapes for the most common forms of human cancer have been revealed, and such discoveries are benefiting early tumor diagnosis, prognosis, and treatments. Today, third generation sequencing platforms are entering the markets and bringing a new wave of discoveries as they allow a much longer sequencing read than the second generation platforms. This chapter reviews the advanced biotechnology and computational biology efforts necessary to make sense of the astronomical amount of cancer genomics data to identify novel biomarkers for developing targeted imaging probes and therapeutics, and clarify the achievements, opportunities, and challenges for genomics-based cancer theranostics.

Zheng Yin; James J. Mancuso; Fuhai Li; Stephen T.C. Wong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

MATLAB-BASED LOCO  

SciTech Connect

The storage ring linear optics debugging code LOCO (Linear Optics from Closed Orbits)[1] has been rewritten in MATLAB and linked to the accelerator modeling code AT [2]. LOCO uses the measured orbit response matrix to determine normal and skew quadrupole gradients. A MATLAB GUI provides a greatly improved user interface with graphical display of the fitting results. The option of including the shift in orbit with rf-frequency in the orbit response matrix has been added so that the model is adjusted to match the measured dispersion. This facilitates control of the horizontal dispersion, which is important for achieving small horizontal emittance. Also included are error bar calculation, outlier data rejection, accommodation of single-view BPMs (beam position monitors), and the option of including coupling in the fit. The code was written to allow the flexibility of linking it to other accelerator modeling codes.

Safranek, James

2002-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

210

2002 IEEE/ASEE Frontiers in Education Meeting, Boston MA The Creation of Web-Based Interactive Virtual Experiments on Microelectronics and Nanoscience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Virtual Experiments on Microelectronics and Nanoscience for Early Engineering Students John C. Bean and nanoscience though the use of web-based "Virtual Experiments." The website allows students to explore

Bean, John C.

211

H. R. 1652: A Bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend for 5 years the energy investment credit for solar energy and geothermal property and to allow such credit against the entire regular tax and the alternative minimum tax, introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, March 22, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The amount of the allowable energy tax credit shall not exceed the net chapter 1 tax for any year. The net chapter 1 tax is defined as the sum of the regular tax liability and the tax imposed by section 55 of the Tax Code reduced by the sum of the credits allowable under this new section. The tax credit would apply until December 31, 1996.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Beam-Based Alignment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One: One: Single-Bunch Comparative Study of Three Algorithms Peter Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0013 17-February-1999 Abstract We describe the results of a series of simulation studies of beam-based alignment of the NLC main linacs using the program LIAR. Three algorithms for alignment of quadrupoles and girders are consid- ered: the algorithm used in the ZDR, the ZDR algorithm combined with a post-alignment MICADO operation, and an algorithm which requires no steering dipoles but requires twice as many alignment segments per linac as the ZDR algorithm. The third algorithm appears to be the most robust, based on convergence time, required quad mover step sizes, and variation in extracted beam emittance as a function of BNS profile. We also study the effect of structure BPM resolution and ATL misalignments during the alignment process. 1 Introduction Beam-based alignment and steering of the

213

Isotope - based Quantum Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is brief review of three aspects of the isotope - based quantum information: computation, teleportation and cryptography. Our results demonstrate not only that entanglement exists in elementary excitation of isotope - mixed solids but also it can be used for quantum information processing.

Vladimir G. Plekhanov

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

214

Point-Based Graphics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The polygon-mesh approach to 3D modeling was a huge advance, but today its limitations are clear. Longer render times for increasingly complex images effectively cap image complexity, or else stretch budgets and schedules to the breaking point. Point-based ... Keywords: Computer Graphics, Computers

Markus Gross; Hanspeter Pfister

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Grid-based Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid-based Production Grid-based Production Grid-based Production PDSF is a Tier 2 site for ALICE and as such has the infrastructure in place to run automated grid-based ALICE production jobs. The main components of this infrastructure are listed below. Grid-Enabled Storage Elements There are currently a set of 10 servers running XRootD with a total capacity of 720TB. Included in XRootD are the data transfer tools used to transfer the input and output files for the production jobs running at PDSF. In addition to the 10 servers there is also the XRootD redirector which is currently running on pc1801.nersc.gov (pdsf5.nersc.gov). VO Box A VO (Virtual Organization) box is a dedicated node (palicevo1.nersc.gov) that coordinates the production. It runs the grid-monitoring tool MonALISA, the AliEn grid framework software, a Condor-G client and does job

216

Salt River Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Salt River Electric Coop Corp Salt River Electric Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 16587 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 (Decorative Underground) HPS 48 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 100 Watt HPS 48 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 175 Watt MV 75 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 175 Wattage (Underground) MV 75 kWh (without pole) Lighting 250 Watt HPS 104 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 400 Watt HPS 165 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting Cogeneration and small power production power purchase rate schedule less

217

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! May 17, 2012 - 2:21pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy For years, I bought light bulbs based on watts, or energy use. Like many light bulb consumers, I looked for a traditional 40, 60, 75, or 100 watt incandescent bulb. Now that stores today carry more and more energy efficient lighting choices, I wanted to replace my old incandescents with new bulbs to save energy and money on my electricity bill. But in shopping for the right bulb, I came across a challenge in looking for bulbs based on watts. Since these newer bulbs use less energy, I found bulbs that use 8, 15, or 26 watts. The wattages are pretty close to each other, but the

218

Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

directly off of 12 VDC batteries and did not need AC powerwas installed to keep the batteries charged. All compressed

Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

California: Alden Fish Friendly Turbine Allows for Safe Fish Passage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Alden hydroelectric will provide a more sustainable option for producing electricity at more than 1,000 estimated environmentally sensitive hydropower facilities and enable hydropower development at thousands of new sites.

220

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of SovietRussian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Sanden Vendo America: Notice of Allowance (2014-SE-52002) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

to resume distribution of Class A refrigerated bottled or canned beverage vending machine model Vue30 (with 1128127 cassette refrigeration deck) after Sanden Vendo America...

222

COMPLETING THE FORM W-4, Employees Withholding Allowance Certificate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

citizens and Resident Aliens. Special withholding rules apply for Non-resident Aliens so those individuals

223

Calculations allow program to design pipelines for waxy crude--  

SciTech Connect

This article reports that calculations have been derived which will permit writing of a computer program for design of a pipeline handling Newtonian, pseudoplastic, or yield-pseudoplastic crudes. Statistical analysis was used to find out the variation of rheological behavior with operating temperatures and wax content in various Saudi oils. The evaluation was carried out at a statistical confidence level of 95%. Experimental data were correlated with respect to power-law and Herschel-Bulkey law. The pipeline design calculations were carried out through a computer program. The friction factor was determined from Torrance's correlation and Dodge and Metzner correlation for yield-pseudoplastic and pseudoplastic fluids, respectively. The frictional pressure drop was calculated from Darcy-Weisbach equation.

Al-Fariss, T.F.; Desouky, S.E.M. (King Saud Univ., Riyadh, (SA))

1990-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

224

Allowable Expenses on the UNC Charlotte Purchasing Card  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or Independent Contractor Services) Food Purchases (restaurant, catering, bakery, grocery store) Gift/Space Rental Express Mail Service and Freight Magazine and Journal Subscriptions Promotional Items Computer gasoline purchases o Tax (including tip) Hotel Expenses o Room and Tax o Business-related internet service

Xie,Jiang (Linda)

225

Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

good correlation between engine fuel consumption and the MELa good correlation between engine fuel consumption and the3-15 Method2 name plate max fuel consumption from engine

Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Report Title: PILOT TESTING: PRETREATMENT OPTIONS TO ALLOW RE...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new technology for treating high salinity produced water and using the lab to conduct a side-by-side comparison between this new technology and that already existing in...

227

Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

13 Table 2-10 UCR primary and secondary propane recoveryand secondary dilution tunnel propane recover tests werePM filter temperature CVS propane check PM filter sample

Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Parallel Composition Communication and Allow Hiding Parallel Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parallel Composition Challenge (Dish1+Dish2) || Coke ? = (Dish1 || Coke)+(Dish2 || Coke) Mousavi: Parallel Composition Challenge (Dish1+Dish2) || Coke ? = (Dish1 || Coke)+(Dish2 || Coke) Faron Moller's Result Parallel Parallel Composition and |: Raisons d'^etre (Dish1 + Dish2) Coke (Dish1 Coke) + (Dish2 Coke) (Dish1 + Dish

Mousavi, Mohammad

229

Alden Fish Friendly Turbine Allows for Safe Fish Passage  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Alden hydroelectric will provide a more sustainable option for producing electricity at more than 1,000 estimated environmentally sensitive hydropower facilities and enable hydropower development at thousands of new sites.

230

Assessment of Audit Coverage of Cost Allowability for Bechtel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Corporation during October 1, 2011 through September 30, 2012 under Department of Energy Contract No. DE-NR0000031 (OAS-V-14-08, March 2014). Specifically, BMPC developed...

231

Allowing Atomic Objects to Coexist with Sequentially Consistent Objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) sequential consistency orders all write operations, while causal consistency does not require to order the operations on all the concurrent objects be totally ordered in such a way that each read operation obtains the last value written into the corresponding object. They differ in the meaning of the word "last

Roy, Matthieu

232

Commodity Price Interaction: CO2 Allowances, Fuel Sources and Electricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work anlyses the relationship between the returns for carbon, electricity and fossil fuel price (coal, oil and natural gas), ... in carbon are not strongly reflected in electricity prices. Also, market power...

Mara Madaleno; Carlos Pinho; Cludia Ribeiro

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

New results in rare allowed muon and pion decays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple dynamics, few available decay channels, and highly controlled radiative and loop corrections, make pion and muon decays a sensitive means of exploring details of the underlying symmetries. We review the current status of the rare decays: pi+ -> e+ nu, pi+ -> e+ nu gamma, pi+ -> pi0 e+ nu, and mu+ -> e+ nu nu-bar gamma. For the latter we report new preliminary values for the branching ratio B(E_gamma >10 MeV, theta_(e-gamma) > 30deg) = 4.365 (9)_stat (42)_syst x 10^{-3}, and the decay parameter eta-bar = 0.006 (17)_stat (18)_syst, both in excellent agreement with standard model predictions. We review recent measurements, particularly by the PIBETA and PEN experiments, and near-term prospects for improvement. These and other similar precise low energy studies complement modern collider results materially.

D. Pocanic; E. Munyangabe; M. Bychkov; V. A. Baranov; W. Bertl; Yu. M. Bystritsky; E. Frlez; V. A. Kalinnikov; N. V. Khomutov; A. S. Korenchenko; S. M. Korenchenko; M. Korolija; T. Kozlowski; N. P. Kravchuk; N. A. Kuchinsky; M. C. Lehman; D. Mekterovic; D. Mzhavia; A. Palladino; P. Robmann; A. M. Rozhdestvensky; I. Supek; P. Truoel; Z. Tsamalaidze; A. van der Schaaf; B. Vandevender; E. P. Velicheva; V. P. Volnykh

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

234

U-034: Fraudulent Digital Certificates Could Allow Spoofing ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

T-706: Microsoft Fraudulent Digital Certificate Issued by DigiNotar U-033: Microsoft Security Bulletin Summary for November 2011 V-133: Microsoft pulls Patch Tuesday security fix...

235

NRC allows TVA to resume construction on unit 1  

SciTech Connect

The article very briefly describes the construction status of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) Watts Bar Nuclear Plant unit 1. The project was halted by TVA for two years due to quality assurance issues. The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission approved resumption of work, noting that corrective actions were adequate. The status of other TVA reactors is also noted.

NONE

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Advantages of PDS Products Extreme flexibility that allows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polysilicon doping o Solar cell #12;At diffusion temperature, the active component decomposes to form P2O5 and silicon wafers are edge-stacked perpendicular to the tube axis in cross-slotted furnace carriers. Gases°-1000°C for eight hours PH-1025: 1000°-1025 °C for four hours * See Technical Bulletin "Furnace Carriers

237

Behavior Based Energy Efficiency (BBEE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Behavior Based Energy Efficiency Program Profiles 2011 Introduction Behavior based energy efficiency (BBEE) programs focus on energy savings resulting from changes in individual or...

238

Developing Grid-based Systems for Microbial Genome Comparisons: The Microbase Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing Grid-based Systems for Microbial Genome Comparisons: The Microbase Project Anil Wipat, University of Newcastle upon Tyne Abstract Comparative analysis of genomes allows the rich source of biological genome sequence data to be most efficiently exploited. However, the rate at which microbial

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

239

Uncertainty-based Sensor Fusion of Range Data for Real-time Digital Elevation Mapping (RTDEM)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the environment that allows fusion of sensory range data of various types and fidelities while explicitly takingUncertainty-based Sensor Fusion of Range Data for Real-time Digital Elevation Mapping (RTDEM) Lars classes of environment modeling. Index Terms-- Terrain estimation, sensor fusion, 2.5D ele- vation mapping

Murray, Richard M.

240

A polarization based FFT iterative scheme for computing the effective properties of elastic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Author manuscript, published in "International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering 89, 11 (2012 of visco-elasto-plastic composites (see for instance [2,3,13,11,14]). The FFT based method [20] allows. An interesting modification of the results provided in [17] is given in t

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

XAL: A Web Oriented Programming Language Based on Timed-Automata  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed XAL, a framework that, in our opinion, allows to build web-oriented applications and services in a more productive way. The core of the framework is a programming language based upon timed-automata. We believe this formalism reflects the ... Keywords: timed-automata, visual programming, software engineering, programming languages

Salvatore Campana; Luca Spalazzi; Francesco Spegni

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Performance of Dimension Estimation-based Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Bassem Zayen-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use suggests that radio spectrum shortage could be overcome by allowing immediate local spectrum availability. A new class of radios that is able to reliably sense the spectral

Gesbert, David

243

A Performance Study of Kullback-Leibler Distance-based Spectrum Sensing Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-day spectrum allocation and spectrum use suggests that radio spectrum shortage could be overcome by allowing immediate local spectrum availability. A new class of radios that is able to reliably sense the spectral1 A Performance Study of Kullback-Leibler Distance-based Spectrum Sensing Algorithm Bassem Zayen

Gesbert, David

244

Video Fingerprinting: Features for Duplicate and Similar Video Detection and Query-based Video Retrieval  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Video Fingerprinting: Features for Duplicate and Similar Video Detection and Query-based Video and Computer Engineering University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 ABSTRACT A video "fingerprint" is a feature extracted from the video that should represent the video compactly, allowing faster search without

California at Santa Barbara, University of

245

Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 11 Basic MATLAB Programming MATLAB is a matrix-based language. Since operations may. As a consequence, MATLAB programs are often much shorter and easier to read than programs written for instance in C or Fortran. Below, we mention basic MATLAB commands, which will allow a novice to start using this software

Lega, Joceline

246

Tie-set Based Fault Tolerance for Autonomous Recovery of Double-Link Failures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Computer Science, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-3425, USA Email: kiyoshi physical phenomena such as natural disasters (e.g. earthquakes), cosmic events (e.g. solar storms]. These techniques allow fast recovery and do not require significant capacity redundancy. Some mechanisms based on p

Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

247

Assessing blood-pressure measurement in tablet-based mHealth apps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessing blood-pressure measurement in tablet-based mHealth apps Rima Murthy Department, remained supported. Together, these two methods can allow mHealth applications to guide untrained patients with personal medical sensors have proven particularly effective for community health-data collection [3]. Any mHealth

248

An Android-based body area network gateway for mobile health applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a Body Area Network (BAN) gateway to Android mobile phones for mobile health applications. The proposed approach is based on a Secure Digital Input Output (SDIO) interface, which allows for long-term monitoring since the mobile phone ... Keywords: Android, SDIO, body area networks, mHealth

Marco Altini; Julien Penders; Herman Roebbers

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A green function-based parasitic extraction method for inhomogeneous substrate layers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a new Green function-based approach for substrate parasitic extraction in substrates with inhomogeneous layers. This new formulation allows analysis of noise coupling with sinkers, trenches and wells, - a limitation in prior Green ... Keywords: green function, parasitic extraction, substrate noise

Chenggang Xu; Ranjit Gharpurey; Terri S. Fiez; Kartikeya Mayaram

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

AUDIO-VISUAL CONTENT-BASED MULTIMEDIA INDEXING AND RETRIEVAL THE MUVIS FRAMEWORK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUDIO-VISUAL CONTENT-BASED MULTIMEDIA INDEXING AND RETRIEVAL ­ THE MUVIS FRAMEWORK Moncef Gabbouj multimedia types such as audio, video, audio/video interlaced in several formats. It allows real-time audio supports several audio/video file format such as AVI, MP4, MP3 and AAC. MUVIS achieves a global and unified

Gabbouj, Moncef

251

Stroke-Based Rendering Stroke-Based Rendering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stroke-Based Rendering Stroke-Based Rendering Aaron Hertzmann University of Washington 1 Introduction This chapter describes stroke-based rendering (SBR), an automatic approach to creating non-photorealistic imagery by placing discrete elements called strokes, such as paint strokes or stipples. Many stroke- based

Toronto, University of

252

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Wednesday, 28 October 2009 00:00 Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

253

SES Performance-Based Pay Increase | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-Based Pay Increase Performance-Based Pay Increase SES Performance-Based Pay Increase An agency may provide a pay increase to allow a senior executive to advance his or her relative position with the SES rate range only upon a determination by the authorized agency official that the executive's individual performance and/or contribution to agency performance so warrant. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of Outstanding or equivalent may be considered for an annual pay increase. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of less than Fully Successful or equivalent may not receive an increase in pay for the current appraisal period. The expectation is that executives who are paid consistent with their current level of responsibilities and who receive an

254

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.0 Knowledge Base 6.0 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:09/11/13 11:42 AM INSTALLATION Installation Problems Report Feature Does Not Work License Agreement Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password PROGRAM CHANGES Results PROGRAM FEATURES WINDOW 6.3 Window Libraries SI and IP Units Multi-Calc TIPS User Defined Windows RELEASE NOTES WEATHER DATA Cannot Find Weather File, Simulation Cancelled Converting Energy Plus EPW files to RESFEN Weather Files Weather Data Files United States Location Statistics Canada China Chile Japan ENERGY CALCULATIONS Whole House Total Energy Calculations COST CALCULATIONS How to Convert $/cubic foot to $/therm for Natural Gas HVAC MODELING How to Model Electric Resistance Heating KNOWN BUGS Below is a list of RESFEN modeling issues that have been discovered by

255

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.0 Knowledge Base 5.0 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:09/11/13 11:41 AM INSTALLATION Installation Problems Hour Glass Cursor Does Not Go Away Weather File Installation Options Report Feature Does Not Work License Agreement Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password NEW FEATURES IN 5.0 Results WINDOW 5.2 Window Libraries WINDOW 5.2 DOE2 DAT files Database format is Different from Previous RESFEN Beta 1 and 2 SI and IP Units "All Windows the Same" Feature Changing Costs Doesn’t Cause Resimulation Multi-Calc Feature Window Library U-factor and SHGC Results (Algorithm Changes between WINDOW 4.1 and 5.0) WEATHER DATA Cannot Find Weather File, Simulation Cancelled Converting Energy Plus EPW files to RESFEN Weather Files

256

BASE - Rad Effects - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects Effects About the BASE Facility The BASE Facility operates in conjunction with the 88-inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide beams of protons and heavy ions for radiation effects testing. When running, the facility is manned 24-hours a day with additional support on call. Assistance is available for shipping and receiving. Contact us for current hourly rates. Bragg curve plots, published papers, and other useful information are available here on our website. For information on the experiment approval process, beam time scheduling, or technical details on beamline setup and operation, contact Mike Johnson at (510) 486-4389 or MBJohnson@lbl.gov. More information is available here: Protons (Cave 4A) Heavy Ions (Cave 4B) Neutrons (Cave 0)

257

Fast Beam-Based BPM Calibration  

SciTech Connect

The Alignment Diagnostic System (ADS) of the LCLS undulator system indicates that the 33 undulator quadrupoles have extremely high position stability over many weeks. However, beam trajectory straightness and lasing efficiency degrade more quickly than this. A lengthy Beam Based Alignment (BBA) procedure must be executed every two to four weeks to re-optimize the X-ray beam parameters. The undulator system includes RF cavity Beam Position Monitors (RFBPMs), several of which are utilized by an automatic feedback system to align the incoming electron-beam trajectory to the undulator axis. The beam trajectory straightness degradation has been traced to electronic drifts of the gain and offset of the BPMs used in the beam feedback system. To quickly recover the trajectory straightness, we have developed a fast beam-based procedure to recalibrate the BPMs. This procedure takes advantage of the high-precision monitoring capability of the ADS, which allows highly repeatable positioning of undulator quadrupoles. This report describes the ADS, the position stability of the LCLS undulator quadrupoles, and some results of the new recovery procedure.

Bertsche, K.; Loos, H.; Nuhn, H.-D.; Peters, F.; /SLAC

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Image-based Vehicle Classification System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electronic toll collection (ETC) system has been a common trend used for toll collection on toll road nowadays. The implementation of electronic toll collection allows vehicles to travel at low or full speed during the toll payment, which help to avoid the traffic delay at toll road. One of the major components of an electronic toll collection is the automatic vehicle detection and classification (AVDC) system which is important to classify the vehicle so that the toll is charged according to the vehicle classes. Vision-based vehicle classification system is one type of vehicle classification system which adopt camera as the input sensing device for the system. This type of system has advantage over the rest for it is cost efficient as low cost camera is used. The implementation of vision-based vehicle classification system requires lower initial investment cost and very suitable for the toll collection trend migration in Malaysia from single ETC system to full-scale multi-lane free flow (MLFF). This project ...

Ng, Jun Yee

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Howell, R.A., 2012 Living with a carbon allowance 1 Living with a carbon allowance: the experiences of Carbon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emissions Trading Scheme operating in the industrial sector. The Sustainable Development Commission has

260

Comparison of gold- and graphene-based resonant nanostructures for terahertz metamaterials and an ultrathin graphene-based modulator  

SciTech Connect

Graphene exhibits unique material properties, and in electromagnetic wave technology it raises the prospect of devices miniaturized down to the atomic length scale. Here we study split-ring resonator metamaterials made from graphene and we compare them to gold-based metamaterials. We find that graphene's huge reactive response derived from its large kinetic inductance allows for deeply subwavelength resonances, although its resonance strength is reduced due to higher dissipative loss damping and smaller dipole coupling. Nevertheless, tightly stacked graphene rings may provide for negative permeability and the electric dipole resonance of graphene meta-atoms turns out to be surprisingly strong. Based on these findings, we present a terahertz modulator based on a metamaterial with a multilayer stack of alternating patterned graphene sheets separated by dielectric spacers. Neighboring graphene flakes are biased against each other, resulting in modulation depths of over 75% at a transmission level of around 90%.

Shen, Nian-Hai [Ames Laboratory; Tassin, Philippe [Ames Laboratory; Koschny, Thomas [Ames Laboratory; Soukoulis, Costas M [Ames Laboratory

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Characteristics Data Base  

SciTech Connect

The LWR Serial Numbers Database System (SNDB) contains detailed data about individual, historically discharged LWR spent fuel assemblies. This data includes the reactor where used, the year the assemblies were discharged, the pool where they are currently stored, assembly type, burnup, weight, enrichment, and an estimate of their radiological properties. This information is distributed on floppy disks to users in the nuclear industry to assist in planning for the permanent nuclear waste repository. This document describes the design and development of the SNDB. It provides a complete description of the file structures and an outline of the major code modules. It serves as a reference for a programmer maintaining the system, or for others interested in the technical detail of this database. This is the initial version of the SNDB. It contains historical data through December 31, 1987, obtained from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). EIA obtains the data from the utility companies via the RW-859 Survey Form. It evaluates and standardizes the data and distributes the resulting batch level database as a large file on magnetic tape. The Characteristics Data Base obtains this database for use in the LWR Quantities Data Base. Additionally, the CDB obtains the individual assembly level detail from EIA for use in the SNDB. While the Quantities Data Base retains only the level of detail necessary for its reporting, the SNDB does retain and use the batch level data to assist in the identification of a particular assembly serial number. We expect to update the SNDB on an annual basis, as new historical data becomes available.

Lewis, E.D.; Moore, R.S. (Automated Sciences Group, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs July 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last month, the Federal Trade Commission announced that light bulbs will have a brand new style of packaging, starting in 2011. This is super exciting news! Well, all right, maybe "exciting" is a bit of a stretch, but it's certainly useful if you're thinking in terms of saving money and energy. Which is, I hope, one of the reasons people come to this blog. Example of the Lighting Facts label. The new form is based on a simple idea: There's an absolute ton of different kinds of lighting out there, but for most lights, the only information on the package is the wattage-the amount of power it draws.

263

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs July 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last month, the Federal Trade Commission announced that light bulbs will have a brand new style of packaging, starting in 2011. This is super exciting news! Well, all right, maybe "exciting" is a bit of a stretch, but it's certainly useful if you're thinking in terms of saving money and energy. Which is, I hope, one of the reasons people come to this blog. Example of the Lighting Facts label. The new form is based on a simple idea: There's an absolute ton of different kinds of lighting out there, but for most lights, the only information on the package is the wattage-the amount of power it draws.

264

SPACE BASED INTERCEPTOR SCALING  

SciTech Connect

Space Based Interceptor (SBI) have ranges that are adequate to address rogue ICBMs. They are not overly sensitive to 30-60 s delay times. Current technologies would support boost phase intercept with about 150 interceptors. Higher acceleration and velocity could reduce than number by about a factor of 3 at the cost of heavier and more expensive Kinetic Kill Vehicles (KKVs). 6g SBI would reduce optimal constellation costs by about 35%; 8g SBI would reduce them another 20%. Interceptor ranges fall rapidly with theater missile range. Constellations increase significantly for ranges under 3,000 km, even with advanced interceptor technology. For distributed launches, these estimates recover earlier strategic scalings, which demonstrate the improved absentee ratio for larger or multiple launch areas. Constellations increase with the number of missiles and the number of interceptors launched at each. The economic estimates above suggest that two SBI per missile with a modest midcourse underlay is appropriate. The SBI KKV technology would appear to be common for space- and surface-based boost phase systems, and could have synergisms with improved midcourse intercept and discrimination systems. While advanced technology could be helpful in reducing costs, particularly for short range theater missiles, current technology appears adequate for pressing rogue ICBM, accidental, and unauthorized launches.

G. CANAVAN

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

DVD Based Electronic Pulser  

SciTech Connect

This article describes the design, construction, and testing of a digital versatile disc (DVD) based electronic pulser system (DVDEPS). Such a device is used to generate pulse streams for simulation of both gamma and neutron detector systems. The DVDEPS reproduces a random pulse stream of a full high purity germanium (HPGe) spectrum as well as a digital pulse stream representing the output of a neutron multiplicity detector. The exchangeable DVD media contains over an hour of data for both detector systems and can contain an arbitrary gamma spectrum and neutron pulse stream. The data is written to the DVD using a desktop computer program from either real or simulated spectra. The targeted use of the DVDEPS is authentication or validation of monitoring equipment for non-proliferation purposes, but it is also of general use in a variety of sitiuations. The DVD based pulser combines the storage capacity and simplicity of DVD technology with commonly available electronic components to build a relatively inexpensive yet highly capable testing instrument.

Morris, Scott J.; Pratt, Rick M.; Hughes, Michael A.; Kouzes, Richard T.; Pitts, W. K.; Robinson, Eric

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Efficient exploration of chemical space by fragment-based screening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Screening methods seek to sample a vast chemical space in order to identify starting points for further chemical optimisation. Fragment based drug discovery exploits the superior sampling of chemical space that can be achieved when the molecular weight is restricted. Here we show that commercially available fragment space is still relatively poorly sampled and argue for highly sensitive screening methods to allow the detection of smaller fragments. We analyse the properties of our fragment library versus the properties of X-ray hits derived from the library. We particularly consider properties related to the degree of planarity of the fragments.

Richard J. Hall; Paul N. Mortenson; Christopher W. Murray

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

A Geant4 based engineering tool for Fresnel lenses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geant4 is a Monte Carlo radiation transport toolkit that is becoming a tool of generalized application in areas such as high-energy physics, nuclear physics, astroparticle physics, or medical physics. Geant4 provides an optical physics process category, allowing the simulation of the production and propagation of light. Its capabilities are well tailored for the simulation of optics systems namely in cosmic-rays experiments based in the detection of Cherenkov and fluorescence light. The use of Geant4 as an engineering tool for the optics design and simulation of Fresnel lens systems is discussed through a specific example.

Joo Costa; Mrio Pimenta; Bernardo Tom

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

268

Lossless droplet transfer of droplet-based microfluidic analysis  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A transfer structure for droplet-based microfluidic analysis is characterized by a first conduit containing a first stream having at least one immiscible droplet of aqueous material and a second conduit containing a second stream comprising an aqueous fluid. The interface between the first conduit and the second conduit can define a plurality of apertures, wherein the apertures are sized to prevent exchange of the first and second streams between conduits while allowing lossless transfer of droplets from the first conduit to the second conduit through contact between the first and second streams.

Kelly, Ryan T (West Richland, WA); Tang, Keqi (Richland, WA); Page, Jason S (Kennewick, WA); Smith, Richard D (Richland, WA)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

269

Virtual reality 3D headset based on DMD light modulators  

SciTech Connect

We present the design of an immersion-type 3D headset suitable for virtual reality applications based upon digital micro-mirror devices (DMD). Our approach leverages silicon micro mirrors offering 720p resolution displays in a small form-factor. Supporting chip sets allow rapid integration of these devices into wearable displays with high resolution and low power consumption. Applications include night driving, piloting of UAVs, fusion of multiple sensors for pilots, training, vision diagnostics and consumer gaming. Our design is described in which light from the DMD is imaged to infinity and the users own eye lens forms a real image on the users retina.

Bernacki, Bruce E.; Evans, Allan; Tang, Edward

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

270

Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF...

Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

271

Science-Based Strategy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, Third Quarter, 2012 7, Third Quarter, 2012 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 Science-Based Strategy A Column from the Director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory 3 DOE Supports Energy Education Helps Crow Tribe Promote Energy Independence 5 Educational Research Projects Selected 13 Projects on Coal Research Selected at Universities Across the Nation 6 SPR Well Under Construction The U.S. Oil Reserves Develops First New Well in 27 Years 8 Safe Drilling Demonstrated DOE-Supported Project Produces Innovative Technology to Improve Oil Recovery The U.S. Department of Energy joined with partners from Canada and Mexico to release the first-ever atlas mapping the potential carbon dioxide storage capacity in North America.

272

Based Technology for CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of a Novel Gas Pressurized Stripping (GPS)- Development of a Novel Gas Pressurized Stripping (GPS)- Based Technology for CO 2 Capture from Post-Combustion Flue Gases DE-FE0007567 Carbon Capture Scientific, LLC. CONSOL Energy Inc. Nexant Inc. Western Kentucky University HiGee USA Inc. Presented by Shiaoguo (Scott) Chen DOE Carbon Capture Technology Meeting, July 8-11, 2013, Pittsburgh, PA 2 Acknowledgements Funded by U.S. Department of Energy/ National Energy Technology Laboratory under Agreement No. DE-FE0007657 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

273

GROUND-BASED AND SPACE-BASED RADIO OBSERVATIONS OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discharge/flash consists of many consecutive strokes) [e.g. Gibbard et al., 1997] LightningGROUND-BASED AND SPACE-BASED RADIO OBSERVATIONS OF PLANETARY LIGHTNING P. Zarka1 , W. Farrell2 , G; Lightning's radio signature Space-based radio observations of planetary lightning Lightning

Demoulin, Pascal

274

Base Research Program  

SciTech Connect

In June 2009, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) completed 11 years of research under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Base Cooperative Agreement No. DE-FC26-98FT40320 funded through the Office of Fossil Energy (OFE) and administered at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). A wide range of diverse research activities were performed under annual program plans approved by NETL in seven major task areas: (1) resource characterization and waste management, (2) air quality assessment and control, (3) advanced power systems, (4) advanced fuel forms, (5) value-added coproducts, (6) advanced materials, and (7) strategic studies. This report summarizes results of the 67 research subtasks and an additional 50 strategic studies. Selected highlights in the executive summary illustrate the contribution of the research to the energy industry in areas not adequately addressed by the private sector alone. During the period of performance of the agreement, concerns have mounted over the impact of carbon emissions on climate change, and new programs have been initiated by DOE to ensure that fossil fuel resources along with renewable resources can continue to supply the nation's transportation fuel and electric power. The agreement has addressed DOE goals for reductions in CO{sub 2} emissions through efficiency, capture, and sequestration while expanding the supply and use of domestic energy resources for energy security. It has further contributed to goals for near-zero emissions from highly efficient coal-fired power plants; environmental control capabilities for SO{sub 2}, NO{sub x}, fine respirable particulate (PM{sub 2.5}), and mercury; alternative transportation fuels including liquid synfuels and hydrogen; and synergistic integration of fossil and renewable resources (e.g., wind-, biomass-, and coal-based electrical generation).

Everett Sondreal; John Hendrikson

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

275

A Computational Approach to Homogenizing Nickel-Based Single Crystal Alloys  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Approach to Homogenizing Nickel-Based Computational Approach to Homogenizing Nickel-Based Single Crystal Alloys Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2013 Significance * Provides significantly diminished processing costs, including reduced energy consumption and throughput times, and increased availability of capital equipment such as furnaces, due to shorter heat treatments * Generates superior Ni-based superalloys with improved performance in downstream applications * Provides extreme flexibility, allowing for modification to meet the differing constraints of individual production facilities and the level of homogenization desired

276

Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production Praxair Praxair SNL TIAX · Integrated Ceramic Membrane System for H2

277

A Graphical Interface for Speech-Based Retrieval Laura Slaughter, Douglas W. Oard, Vernon L. Warnick, Julie L. Harding and Galen J. Wilkerson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

selection interface for speech-based retrieval [5]. Search controls in the upper left allow specificationA Graphical Interface for Speech-Based Retrieval Laura Slaughter, Douglas W. Oard, Vernon L}@glue.umd.edu ABSTRACT This paper describes preliminary usability testing for a graphical interface designed

Oard, Doug

278

Connectivity-based garbage collection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a new family of connectivity-based garbage collectors (Cbgc) that are based on potential object-connectivity properties. The key feature of these collectors is that the placement of objects into partitions is determined by performing ... Keywords: connectivity based garbage collection

Martin Hirzel; Amer Diwan; Matthew Hertz

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Architecture-Based Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scenarios 6 2.2.2 Quality-Specific Scenarios 7 2.3 Validation 7 3 Design the Architecture 9 3.1 Architectural Structures and Views 10 3.2 A Development Process 11 3.3 Validation 13 4 Document the Architecture 15 5 Analyze the Architecture 19 5.1 Architectural Reviews 19 5.1.1 Participants 20 5.1.2 Review Techniques 20 5.2 Architecture Tradeoff Analysis Method (ATAM) 21 5.3 The Steps of the ATAM 22 5.3.1 Day 1 Activities 23 5.3.2 Day 2 Activities 25 5.3.3 Day 3 Activities 27 6 Realize the Architecture 29 7 Maintain the Architecture 31 8 Conclusions 33 References 35 ii CMU/SEI-99-TR-007 CMU/SEI-99-TR-007 iii List of Figures Figure 1-1 Steps of the Architecture-Based Development Process 2 Figure 2-1 Eliciting the Architectural Requirements 3 Figure 2-2 A Scenario-Elicitation Matrix 5 Figure 3-1 Architecture Design 9 Figure 4-1 Architecture Documentation 15 Figure 5-1 Architecture Analysis 19 Figure 5-2 The Activities of ATAM and Their Relative Importance Over Time 22 Figure 5-3 Dep...

Len Bass; Rick Kazman; Rick Kazman; Product Line Systems; Mario Moya

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Nanowire-based detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems, articles, and methods are provided related to nanowire-based detectors, which can be used for light detection in, for example, single-photon detectors. In one aspect, a variety of detectors are provided, for example one including an electrically superconductive nanowire or nanowires constructed and arranged to interact with photons to produce a detectable signal. In another aspect, fabrication methods are provided, including techniques to precisely reproduce patterns in subsequently formed layers of material using a relatively small number of fabrication steps. By precisely reproducing patterns in multiple material layers, one can form electrically insulating materials and electrically conductive materials in shapes such that incoming photons are redirected toward a nearby electrically superconductive materials (e.g., electrically superconductive nanowire(s)). For example, one or more resonance structures (e.g., comprising an electrically insulating material), which can trap electromagnetic radiation within its boundaries, can be positioned proximate the nanowire(s). The resonance structure can include, at its boundaries, electrically conductive material positioned proximate the electrically superconductive nanowire such that light that would otherwise be transmitted through the sensor is redirected toward the nanowire(s) and detected. In addition, electrically conductive material can be positioned proximate the electrically superconductive nanowire (e.g. at the aperture of the resonant structure), such that light is directed by scattering from this structure into the nanowire.

Berggren, Karl K; Hu, Xiaolong; Masciarelli, Daniele

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

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281

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

282

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

283

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

284

Spectrum Management for Cognitive Radio based on Genetics Algorithm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spectrum scarceness is one of the major challenges that the present world is facing. The efficient use of existing licensed spectrum is becoming most critical as growing demand of the radio spectrum. Different researches show that the use of licensed are not utilized inefficiently. It has been also shown that primary user does not use more than 70% of the licensed frequency band most of the time. Many researchers are trying to found the techniques that efficiently utilize the under-utilized licensed spectrum. One of the approaches is the use of "Cognitive Radio". This allows the radio to learn from its environment, changing certain parameters. Based on this knowledge the radio can dynamically exploit the spectrum holes in the licensed band of the spectrum. This paper w i l l focus on the performance of spectrum allocation technique, based on popular meta-heuristics Genetics Algorithm and analyzing the performance of this technique using Mat Lab.

Singh, Santosh Kumar; Pathak, Vibhakar; Roy, Dr Krishna Chandra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

GLAST and Ground-Based Gamma-Ray Astronomy  

SciTech Connect

The launch of the Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) in 2007 will open the possibility of combined studies of astrophysical sources with existing ground-based VHE {gamma}-ray experiments such as H.E.S.S., VERITAS and MAGIC. Ground-based {gamma}-ray observatories provide complementary capabilities for spectral, temporal, spatial and population studies of high-energy {gamma}-ray sources. Joint observations cover a huge energy range, from 20 MeV to over 50 TeV. The LAT will survey the entire sky every three hours, allowing us to perform long-term monitoring of variable sources under uniform observation conditions and to detect flaring sources promptly. Imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) will complement these observations with high-sensitivity pointed observations on regions of interest.

Funk, S.; Carson, J.E.; Giebels, B.; Longo, F.; McEnery, J.E.; Paneque, D.; Reimer, O.; Reyes, L.C.

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

286

Silicon-based sleeve devices for chemical reactions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silicon-based sleeve type chemical reaction chamber that combines heaters, such as doped polysilicon for heating, and bulk silicon for convection cooling. The reaction chamber combines a critical ratio of silicon and silicon nitride to the volume of material to be heated (e.g., a liquid) in order to provide uniform heating, yet low power requirements. The reaction chamber will also allow the introduction of a secondary tube (e.g., plastic) into the reaction sleeve that contains the reaction mixture thereby alleviating any potential materials incompatibility issues. The reaction chamber may be utilized in any chemical reaction system for synthesis or processing of organic, inorganic, or biochemical reactions, such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and/or other DNA reactions, such as the ligase chain reaction, which are examples of a synthetic, thermal-cycling-based reaction. The reaction chamber may also be used in synthesis instruments, particularly those for DNA amplification and synthesis.

Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Mariella, Jr., Raymond P. (Danville, CA); Carrano, Anthony V. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Waste Segregation Based on Derived Clearance Levels  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the methodology and results of a radiological modeling in support of an application to release very low level radiologically contaminated waste from regulatory control and allow its haulage and disposal in a hazardous waste landfill. The Canadian regulatory body responsible for licensing operations involving nuclear materials (the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission), has not yet formally defined clearance levels for free release of low level radiologically contaminated waste. The IAEA clearance levels have been derived for certain situations and receptor characteristics, which might be too conservative for an actual case. A site-specific pathways analysis was therefore completed to define conditional clearance levels using the concept of de minimis dose limit. Derived Conditional Clearance Levels were calculated for each radionuclide based on the maximally exposed hypothetical individuals to determine whether each waste stream can be 'cleared' from regulatory controls. The results showed that haulage of the waste from the station to the haulage/processing facility and transportation of waste or sludge from the haulage/processing facility to the disposal facility, handling of the waste or sludge at the haulage/processing facility, and incineration and/or disposal of waste or sludge at the disposal facility would not expose the workers to doses above 0.1 {mu}Sv/yr., which is less than the de minimis dose limit of 10 {mu}Sv/yr. (authors)

Garisto, N.C.; Parhizgari, Z. [SENES Consultants Limited, Richmond Hill, ON (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

ACCEPTABILITY ENVELOPE FOR METAL HYDRIDE-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

The design and evaluation of media based hydrogen storage systems requires the use of detailed numerical models and experimental studies, with significant amount of time and monetary investment. Thus a scoping tool, referred to as the Acceptability Envelope, was developed to screen preliminary candidate media and storage vessel designs, identifying the range of chemical, physical and geometrical parameters for the coupled media and storage vessel system that allow it to meet performance targets. The model which underpins the analysis allows simplifying the storage system, thus resulting in one input-one output scheme, by grouping of selected quantities. Two cases have been analyzed and results are presented here. In the first application the DOE technical targets (Year 2010, Year 2015 and Ultimate) are used to determine the range of parameters required for the metal hydride media and storage vessel. In the second case the most promising metal hydrides available are compared, highlighting the potential of storage systems, utilizing them, to achieve 40% of the 2010 DOE technical target. Results show that systems based on Li-Mg media have the best potential to attain these performance targets.

Hardy, B.; Corgnale, C.; Tamburello, D.; Garrison, S.; Anton, D.

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

289

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 "The header lists the general field of experience, Commercial Nuclear Power or Navy Nuclear Power Program, with all other categories under these two areas. The subheader lists the position title of the military or job category within that industry. The next level lists the qualification standard subject with the competencies associated with it listed below. To locate the equivalencies that you may claim, locate the position title of your prior military or job category, then find the qualification standards and listed competencies that apply to your current position. The competencies listed below the qualification standards are those you

290

Vision-based obstacle avoidance  

SciTech Connect

A method for allowing a robot to avoid objects along a programmed path: first, a field of view for an electronic imager of the robot is established along a path where the electronic imager obtains the object location information within the field of view; second, a population coded control signal is then derived from the object location information and is transmitted to the robot; finally, the robot then responds to the control signal and avoids the detected object.

Galbraith, John (Los Alamos, NM)

2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

291

A fuzzy behaviorist approach to sensor-based robot control  

SciTech Connect

Sensor-based operation of autonomous robots in unstructured and/or outdoor environments has revealed to be an extremely challenging problem, mainly because of the difficulties encountered when attempting to represent the many uncertainties which are always present in the real world. These uncertainties are primarily due to sensor imprecisions and unpredictability of the environment, i.e., lack of full knowledge of the environment characteristics and dynamics. An approach. which we have named the {open_quotes}Fuzzy Behaviorist Approach{close_quotes} (FBA) is proposed in an attempt to remedy some of these difficulties. This approach is based on the representation of the system`s uncertainties using Fuzzy Set Theory-based approximations and on the representation of the reasoning and control schemes as sets of elemental behaviors. Using the FBA, a formalism for rule base development and an automated generator of fuzzy rules have been developed. This automated system can automatically construct the set of membership functions corresponding to fuzzy behaviors. Once these have been expressed in qualitative terms by the user. The system also checks for completeness of the rule base and for non-redundancy of the rules (which has traditionally been a major hurdle in rule base development). Two major conceptual features, the suppression and inhibition mechanisms which allow to express a dominance between behaviors are discussed in detail. Some experimental results obtained with the automated fuzzy, rule generator applied to the domain of sensor-based navigation in aprion unknown environments. using one of our autonomous test-bed robots as well as a real car in outdoor environments, are then reviewed and discussed to illustrate the feasibility of large-scale automatic fuzzy rule generation using the {open_quotes}Fuzzy Behaviorist{close_quotes} concepts.

Pin, F.G.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Selective Hydrogenation of Biomass Based 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural over Catalyst of Palladium Immobilized on Amine-Functionalized MetalOrganic Frameworks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selective Hydrogenation of Biomass Based 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural over Catalyst of Palladium Immobilized on Amine-Functionalized MetalOrganic Frameworks ... A catalyst of palladium [Pd/MIL-101(Al)-NH2] supported on amine-functionalized MetalOrganic Frameworks (MOFs) allows selective hydrogenation of biomass-based 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) to 2,5-dihydroxymethyl-tetrahydrofuran (DHMTHF) with 2,5-dihydroxymethylfuran (DHMF) as an observed intermediate. ...

Jinzhu Chen; Ruliang Liu; Yuanyuan Guo; Limin Chen; Hui Gao

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

293

On the performance of the base-stock inventory system under a compound Erlang demand distribution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper, we propose a new method for determining the optimal base-stock level in a single echelon inventory system where the demand is a compound Erlang process and the lead-time is constant. The demand inter-arrival follows an Erlang distribution and the demand size follows a Gamma distribution. The stock is controlled according to a continuous review base-stock policy where unfilled demands are backordered. The optimal base-stock level is derived based on a minimization of the total expected inventory cost. A numerical investigation is conducted to analyze the performance of the inventory system with respect to the different system parameters and also to show the outperformance of the approach that is based on the compound Erlang demand assumption as compared to the classical Newsboy approach. This work allows insights to be gained on stock control related issues for both slow and fast moving stock keeping units.

S. Saidane; M.Z. Babai; M.S. Aguir; O. Korbaa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Principles of models based engineering  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a Models Based Engineering (MBE) philosophy and implementation strategy that has been developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Center for Advanced Engineering Technology. A major theme in this discussion is that models based engineering is an information management technology enabling the development of information driven engineering. Unlike other information management technologies, models based engineering encompasses the breadth of engineering information, from design intent through product definition to consumer application.

Dolin, R.M.; Hefele, J.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Market-Based Mechanism for Providing Demand-Side Regulation Service Ioannis Ch. Paschalidis, Binbin Li, Michael C. Caramanis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

obligation of fast response to commands issued by the wholesale market Independent System Operator (ISO) who provides energy and purchases reserves. The proposed market-based mechanism allows the SMO to control, and command market clearing prices comparable to the price of energy, an increase in RS requirements without

Caramanis, Michael

296

To BDI, or not to BDI: design choices in an agent-based traffic flow management simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Belief-Desire-Intention (BDI) is a powerful agent paradigm that allows for the development of so-called intelligent agents - agents that can reason and act based on their beliefs and intentions. However, this power often comes at the cost of increased ... Keywords: air traffic control, belief-desire-intent, efficiency

Shawn R. Wolfe; Maarten Sierhuis; Peter A. Jarvis

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Sensitivity of diabetic retinopathy associated vision loss to screening interval in an agent-based/discrete event simulation model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: To examine the effect of changes to screening interval on the incidence of vision loss in a simulated cohort of Veterans with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This simulation allows us to examine potential interventions without putting patients ... Keywords: Agent based modeling, Diabetic eye screen, Diabetic retinopathy, Discrete event simulation

T. Eugene Day, Nathan Ravi, Hong Xian, Ann Brugh

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Multiscale Approach to Mesh-based Surface Tension Flows Nils Thurey Chris Wojtan Markus Gross Greg Turk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Multiscale Approach to Mesh-based Surface Tension Flows Nils Th¨urey Chris Wojtan Markus Gross 1: Our method allows us to efficiently simulate complex surface tension phenomena such as this crown surface tension forces that is free from typical strict time step constraints. The second simulation layer

Frey, Pascal

299

SugarJ: Library-based Syntactic Language Extensibility Sebastian Erdweg, Tillmann Rendel, Christian Kastner, and Klaus Ostermann  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SugarJ: Library-based Syntactic Language Extensibility Sebastian Erdweg, Tillmann Rendel, Christian of sugar libraries, we have developed SugarJ, a language on top of Java, SDF and Stratego, which supports syntactic extensibility. SugarJ employs a novel incremental parsing technique, which allows changing

Kaestner, Christian

300

VLSI ARCHITECTURE OF AN INVISIBLE WATERMARKING UNIT FOR A BIOMETRIC-BASED SECURITY SYSTEM IN A DIGITAL CAMERA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VLSI ARCHITECTURE OF AN INVISIBLE WATERMARKING UNIT FOR A BIOMETRIC-BASED SECURITY SYSTEM is performed using an invisible watermarking algorithm that allows for verification of the image as well implementing the invisible watermarking algorithm towards the development of the camera. I. INTRODUCTION

Mohanty, Saraju P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

GIS-based multiple scale study of Rio Grande wild turkey habitat in the Edwards Plateau of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

characteristics of stable and declining study sites in the Edwards Plateau, and the development and evaluation of a GIS-based habitat-suitability model for female RGWTs during the breeding season that will allow the assessment of the spatial distribution...

Perotto Baldiviezo, Humberto Lauro

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

302

Laser-Based Nondestructive Testing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser-Based Nondestructive Testing High speed, non-contact NDT for bridging the gap between traditional nondestructive testing and embedded structural health monitoring. Contact...

303

Lithium-based electrochromic mirrors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson*with pure antimony films. Electrochromic cycling speed andand silver. INTRODUCTION Electrochromic devices that exhibit

Richardson, Thomas J.; Slack, Jonathan L.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Technology-Based Economic Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technology-Based Economic Development Idaho National Laboratory (INL), on behalf of corporate funds provided by Battelle Energy Alliance, funds philanthropic projects aimed at...

305

Heat Kernel Based Community Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Kernel Based. Community Detection. Kyle Kloster. Purdue University. Joint with. David F. Gleich,. (Purdue), supported by. NSF CAREER. 1149756-CCF...

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation on Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis given by Keith Parks of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory during the DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop on January 26, 2006.

307

Testing of complex IEC 61850 based substation automation systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integration of multifunctional intelligent substation devices (ISDs), in complex substation or power plant automation systems, requires the development of methods and tools for their testing that will ensure the correct operation of protection, control, monitoring, recording and metering functions, under normal and abnormal system conditions. The new IEC 61850 standard for communication networks and systems in substations allows the development of high-speed peer-to-peer communications based distributed applications, based on multicast of status changes or sampled analogue values. This paper details the requirements for the testing of complex substation automation systems. The testing methods need to correspond to the functional hierarchy of the substation automation system. Functional element testing, integration and system testing are discussed. Systems with Substation Bus only, and with both Process Bus and Substation Bus, are considered. A method for the testing of both types of system is proposed, based on a specific order of system components testing. Solutions for the testing of the individual components of the IEC 61850 based system, as well as for the testing of distributed applications, are described at the end of the paper.

Alexander Apostolov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Hidden identity-based signatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces Hidden Identity-based Signatures (Hidden-IBS), a type of digital signatures that provide mediated signer-anonymity on top of Shamir's Identity-based signatures. The motivation of our new signature primitive is to resolve an important ...

Aggelos Kiayias; Hong-Sheng Zhou

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Derivation Tree Based Genetic Programming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Derivation Tree Based Genetic Programming Summary of the Ph.D. Thesis by R´obert V´anyi supervisor presented in the Ph.D. thesis enti- tled Derivation Tree Based Genetic Programming. The thesis describes of the generated candidates. [6] 1.2 Proposed method The method presented in the thesis uses derivation trees

Fernandez, Thomas

310

MARKET BASED APPROACHES | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MARKET BASED APPROACHES MARKET BASED APPROACHES Presentation on Market Based Approaches given by K. G. Duleep of Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. during the DOE Hydrogen...

311

Betatron radiation based measurement of the electron-beam size in a wakefield accelerator  

SciTech Connect

We present a spatial and spectral characterization of a laser-plasma based betatron source which allows us to determine the betatron oscillation amplitude of the electrons which decreases with increasing electron energies. Due to the observed oscillation amplitude and the independently measured x-ray source size of (1.8{+-}0.3){mu}m we are able to estimate the electron bunch diameter to be (1.6{+-}0.3){mu}m.

Schnell, Michael; Saevert, Alexander; Reuter, Maria [Institut fuer Optik und Quantenelektronik, Friedrich- Schiller- Universitaet, Jena (Germany); and others

2012-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

312

Next-Generation Liquid-Scintillator-Based Detectors: Quantums Dots and Picosecond Timing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid-scintillator-based detectors are a robust technology that scales well to large volumes. For this reason, they are attractive for experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay. A combination of improved photo-detection technology and novel liquid scintillators may allow for the extraction of particle direction in addition to the total energy of the particle. Such an advance would find applications beyond searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Lindley Winslow

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

313

Performance benefits of telerobotics and teleoperation - enhancements for an arm-based tank waste retrieval system  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates telerobotic and teleoperational arm-based retrieval systems that require advanced robotic controls. These systems will be deployed in waste retrieval activities in Hanford`s Single Shell Tanks (SSTs). The report assumes that arm-based, retrieval systems will combine a teleoperational arm and control system enhanced by a number of advanced and telerobotic controls. The report describes many possible enhancements, spanning the full range of the control spectrum with the potential for technical maturation. The enhancements considered present a variety of choices and factors including: the enhancements to be included in the actual control system, safety, detailed task analyses, human factors, cost-benefit ratios, and availability and maturity of technology. Because the actual system will be designed by an offsite vendor, the procurement specifications must have the flexibility to allow bidders to propose a broad range of ideas, yet build in enough restrictions to filter out infeasible and undesirable approaches. At the same time they must allow selection of a technically promising proposal. Based on a preliminary analysis of the waste retrieval task, and considering factors such as operator limitations and the current state of robotics technology, the authors recommend a set of enhancements that will (1) allow the system to complete its waste retrieval mission, and (2) enable future upgrades in response to changing mission needs and technological advances.

Horschel, D.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gibbons, P.W. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Draper, J.V. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

LSB Based Audio Steganography Based On Text Compression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Compression algorithm is what reduces the redundancy of data representation and decreases the data storage capacity. Data compression plays a vital role in reducing the communication cost making use of available bandwidth. The compressed data from the security aspect is transmitted through internet. It is, however very much vulnerable to a multitude of attacks. To propose a new dictionary based text compression technique for ASCII texts for the purpose of obtaining good performance on various document sizes. Dictionary based compression bits are hidden into the Lsb bit of audio signals and to calculate the signal to noise ratio (SNR). This audio Steganography is conducted for various compression algorithms with dictionary based compression. Audio Steganography based dictionary compression achieves better value of signal to noise ratio (SNR).

M. Baritha Begum; Y. Venkataramani

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Construction and characterization of ultraviolet acousto-optic based femtosecond pulse shapers  

SciTech Connect

We present all the information necessary for construction and characterization of acousto optic pulse shapers, with a focus on ultraviolet wavelengths, Various radio-frequency drive configurations are presented to allow optimization via knowledgeable trade-off of design features. Detailed performance characteristics of a 267 nm acousto-optic modulator (AOM) based pulse shaper are presented, Practical considerations for AOM based pulse shaping of ultra-broad bandwidth (sub-10 fs) amplified femtosecond pulse shaping are described, with particular attention paid to the effects of the RF frequency bandwidth and optical frequency bandwidth on the spatial dispersion of the output laser pulses.

Mcgrane, Shawn D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moore, David S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Greenfield, Margo T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

System and method for knowledge based matching of users in a network  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A knowledge-based system and methods to matchmaking and social network extension are disclosed. The system is configured to allow users to specify knowledge profiles, which are collections of concepts that indicate a certain topic or area of interest selected from an. The system utilizes the knowledge model as the semantic space within which to compare similarities in user interests. The knowledge model is hierarchical so that indications of interest in specific concepts automatically imply interest in more general concept. Similarity measures between profiles may then be calculated based on suitable distance formulas within this space.

Verspoor, Cornelia Maria (Santa Fe, NM); Sims, Benjamin Hayden (Los Alamos, NM); Ambrosiano, John Joseph (Los Alamos, NM); Cleland, Timothy James (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

317

Lignite-based nitrogenous fertilizers  

SciTech Connect

A sample of lignite from Elbistan was oxidized by nitric acid in two stages, using relatively dilute acid in the first stage and concentrated acid in the second stage, and then the oxidized product was ammoniated so that a coal-based fertilizer could be produced. The experiments of all the stages were designed by a 1/2 X full factorial design. It was observed that base exchange capacity and nitrogen content of coal-based fertilizers produced in this work were as good as or better than those obtained by other investigators.

Baris, H.; Dincer, S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Mirror-based hybrids of recent design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Early application of the simple axisymmetric mirror requiring intermediate performance between a neutron source for materials testing Q=Pfusion/Pinput ?0.05 and pure fusion Q>10 are the hybrid applications. The Axisymmetric Mirror has attractive features as a driver for a fusion-fission hybrid system: geometrical simplicity as well as the typical mirror features of inherently steady-state operation and natural divertors in the form of end tanks. Operation at Q?0.7 allows for relatively low electron temperatures in the range of 3 keV for the DT injection energy ? 80 keV from existing positive ion neutral beams designed for steady state. This level of physics performance has the virtue of being low risk with only modest R&D needed; and its simplicity promises economy advantages. A simple mirror with the plasma diameter of 1 m and mirror-to-mirror 2.5 T solenoid length of 40 m is discussed. Simple circular steady state superconducting coils at each end are based on 15 T technology development of the ITER central solenoid. Hybrids obtain important revenues from the sale of both electricity and fuel production or waste burning. Burning fission reactor wastes by fissioning transuranics in the hybrid will multiply fusion's neutron energy by a factor of ?10 or more and diminish the Q needed to overcome the cost of recirculating power for good economics to less than 2 and for minor actinides with multiplication over 50 to Q?0.2. Hybrids that produce fissile fuel with fissioning blankets might need Q4.

Dimitri Ryutov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Falsifying Field-based Dark Energy Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We survey the application of specific tools to distinguish amongst the wide variety of dark energy models that are nowadays under investigation. The first class of tools is more mathematical in character: the application of the theory of dynamical systems to select the better behaved models, with appropriate attractors in the past and future. The second class of tools is rather physical: the use of astrophysical observations to crack the degeneracy of classes of dark energy models. In this last case the observations related with structure formation are emphasized both in the linear and non-linear regimes. We exemplify several studies based on our research, such as quintom and quinstant dark energy ones. Quintom dark energy paradigm is a hybrid construction of quintessence and phantom fields, which does not suffer from fine-tuning problems associated to phantom field and additionally it preserves the scaling behavior of quintessence. Quintom dark energy is motivated on theoretical grounds as an explanation for the crossing of the phantom divide, i.e. the smooth crossing of the dark energy state equation parameter below the value -1. On the other hand, quinstant dark energy is considered to be formed by quintessence and a negative cosmological constant, the inclusion of this later component allows for a viable mechanism to halt acceleration. We comment that the quinstant dark energy scenario gives good predictions for structure formation in the linear regime, but fails to do that in the non-linear one, for redshifts larger than one. We comment that there might still be some degree of arbitrariness in the selection of the best dark energy models.

Genly Leon; Yoelsy Leyva; Emmanuel N. Saridakis; Osmel Martin; Rolando Cardenas

2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

320

Education Toolbox Search | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and, ultimately, our energy needs as a nation. Students will use a photovoltaic (PV) cell to measure the energy from the sun. Using a light bulb with a known wattage, the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

New Energy Efficient Torchieres Ready For Hot Torchiere Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 300 to 500 W halogen torchiere (halogen uplighter) is ubiquitous in many countries in residential lighting applications. The high wattage of these systems has contributed to a very significant increase in res...

Erik Page; Evan Mills; Michael Siminovitch

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Energy conversion by an electric space heater  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By means of measuring the temperature of the air blown by an electric space heater one can show students that the air is heated at a rate approximately equal to the rated wattage of the heater.

Willem H. van den Berg

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CERTIFICATE OF COMPLIANCE AND FIELD INSPECTION CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Watts: 1. Type of luminaire (i.e.: post top, wall pack, surface, shoe box); for non-incandescent luminaires, indicate nominal lamp wattage and lamp type ( i.e.: fluorescent, incandescent, HID); ballast type. For incandescent luminaires, the lum

324

Nomadic and domestic: dwelling on the edge of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a four meter square solar panel, which he deemed ofJapanese engineered solar panel would last five hundredsufficiency of wattage a solar panel might His neighbor he

Miller, Joel Eric

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Review of Strategies and Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

low-power heat storage cookers for mini-grids withHolland et al. 2002). These cookers run at a low power forlow wattage rice cookers. Despite their functionality, these

Harper, Meg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical Exposures . Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical Exposures . Abstract:...

327

Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Procurement and Acquisition Guidance Contracting for Support Services Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit...

328

Disposable Electrochemical Immunosensor Diagnosis Device Based...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disposable Electrochemical Immunosensor Diagnosis Device Based on Nanoparticle Probe and Immunochromatographic Strip. Disposable Electrochemical Immunosensor Diagnosis Device Based...

329

Study of base isolation systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective of this investigation is to outline the relevant issues concerning the conceptual design of base isolated structures. A 90 feet high, 6 stories tall, moment steel frame structure with tension cross ...

Manarbek, Saruar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Sampling based on local bandwidth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sampling of continuous-time signals based on local bandwidth is considered in this thesis. In an intuitive sense, local bandwidth refers to the rate at which a signal varies locally. One would expect that signals should ...

Wei, Dennis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Bravo Araby Navy Base Holtville  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plaster City No Man's Land Imperial Valley East Mesa No. 3 East Mesa No. 2 East Mesa No. 1 Dixieland Mesquite Loveland Imperial Highline Descanso Calexico Sand Hill Navy Base Holtville Glencliff Foothills

332

Image-based building modeling.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Image-based modeling is the process of converting 2D images of the real world into digital 3D models in computer. Among myriad kinds of objects in (more)

Xiao, Jianxiong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Pitch based foam with particulate  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermally conductive, pitch based foam composite having a particulate content. The particulate alters the mechanical characteristics of the foam without severely degrading the foam thermal conductivity. The composite is formed by mixing the particulate with pitch prior to foaming.

Klett, James W. (Knoxville, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

An Overview of Coal based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Overview of Coal based Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technology September 2005. LFEE 2005-002 WP #12;#12;Table of Contents 1 Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC

335

Decision-Based Design Framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With methods for modeling designer preference and customer preference presented in Chaps. 2 and 3, respectively, the decision-based design (DBD) framework and taxonomy is fully developed in this chapter. DBD i...

Wei Chen; Christopher Hoyle; Henk Jan Wassenaar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Chip-based droplet sorting  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A non-contact system for sorting monodisperse water-in-oil emulsion droplets in a microfluidic device based on the droplet's contents and their interaction with an applied electromagnetic field or by identification and sorting.

Beer, Neil Reginald; Lee, Abraham; Hatch, Andrew

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Pervasive Restart In MOOSE-based Applications  

SciTech Connect

Multiphysics applications are inherently complicated. Solving for multiple, interacting physical phenomena involves the solution of multiple equations, and each equation has its own data dependencies. Feeding the correct data to these equations at exactly the right time requires extensive effort in software design. In an ideal world, multiphysics applications always run to completion and produce correct answers. Unfortunately, in reality, there can be many reasons why a simulation might fail: power outage, system failure, exceeding a runtime allotment on a supercomputer, failure of the solver to converge, etc. A failure after many hours spent computing can be a significant setback for a project. Therefore, the ability to continue a solve from the point of failure, rather than starting again from scratch, is an essential component of any high-quality simulation tool. This process of continuation is commonly termed restart in the computational community. While the concept of restarting an application sounds ideal, the aforementioned complexities and data dependencies present in multiphysics applications make its implementation decidedly non-trivial. A running multiphysics calculation accumulates an enormous amount of state: current time, solution history, material properties, status of mechanical contact, etc. This state data comes in many different forms, including scalar, tensor, vector, and arbitrary, application-specific data types. To be able to restart an application, you must be able to both store and retrieve this data, effectively recreating the state of the application before the failure. When utilizing the Multiphysics Object Oriented Simulation Environment (MOOSE) framework developed at Idaho National Laboratory, this state data is stored both internally within the framework itself (such as solution vectors and the current time) and within the applications that use the framework. In order to implement restart in MOOSE-based applications, the total state of the system (both within the framework and without) must be stored and retrieved. To this end, the MOOSE team has implemented a pervasive restart capability which allows any object within MOOSE (or within a MOOSE-based application) to be declared as state data, and handles the storage and retrieval of said data.

Derek Gaston; Cody Permann; David Andrs; John Peterson; Andrew Slaughter; Jason Miller

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Geophysical And Drilling Data Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Geophysical And Drilling Data Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: an updated picture of the Travale field is given, based on geophysical and drilling data acquired since 1978. In deriving the model, extensive use is made of the geophysical data produced in the course of the EEC test site programme (1980-1983), particularly from seismic and time domain EM methods which allowed for penetrating thick and conductive cover formations and to match deep tectonic and hydrothermal alteration trends thought to indirectly characterize the geothermal reservoir. It is

339

Proton Conductor based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Ceramatec, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT 84119  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Ceramatec, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT 84119 S. (Elango) Elangovan, Joseph Hartvigsen, Insoo Bay, and Feng Zhao High efficiency operation is one of the primary attractions to use solid oxide fuel cells as the energy conversion device. High efficiency requires maximizing of the product of operating voltage and fuel utilization. The maximum possible operating voltage however is limited by the Nernst potential near the fuel exhaust. In oxygen conducting electrolyte based fuel cells (O-SOFC) as the fuel utilization increases, the Nernst potential continues to decrease with the dilution of fuel by the reaction products. In contrast, in a proton conducting electrolyte based fuel cell (P-SOFC) the reaction product is formed on the cathode side allowing for high operating voltage at high fuel

340

Comparison of gold- and graphene-based resonant nano-structures for terahertz metamaterials and an ultra-thin graphene-based modulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene exhibits unique material properties and in electromagnetic wave technology, it raises the prospect of devices miniaturized down to the atomic length scale. Here we study split-ring resonator metamaterials made from graphene and we compare them to gold-based metamaterials. We find that graphene's huge reactive response derived from its large kinetic inductance allows for deeply subwavelength resonances, although its resonance strength is reduced due to higher dissipative loss damping and smaller dipole coupling. Nevertheless, tightly stacked graphene rings may provide for negative permeability and the electric dipole resonance of graphene meta-atoms turns out to be surprisingly strong. Based on these findings, we present a terahertz modulator based on a metamaterial with a multi-layer stack of alternating patterned graphene sheets separated by dielectric spacers. Neighbouring graphene flakes are biased against each other, resulting in modulation depths of over 75% at a transmission level of around 90%...

Shen, Nian-Hai; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Advances in LIGA-Based Post-Mold Fabrication  

SciTech Connect

The establishment of a process to allow planarization of deep x-ray lithography based microfabncated metal components via diamond lapping has enabled examination of three additional microfabrication issues. The areas of improvement that are discussed include materials, microassembly and packaging, and multilevel fabrication. New materials work has centered on magnetic materials including precision micromagnets and surface treatments of electrodeposited materials. Assembly and packaging has been aided by deep silicon etch processing and the use of conventional precision milling equipment combined with press-tit assembly. Diffhsion bonding is shown to be a particularly important approach to achieving multilevel metal mechanisms and furthermore shows promise for achieving batch assembled and packaged high aspect-ratio metal micromechanics,

Christenson, T.R.

1998-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

342

Rotational actuator of motor based on carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotational actuator/motor based on rotation of a carbon nanotube is disclosed. The carbon nanotube is provided with a rotor plate attached to an outer wall, which moves relative to an inner wall of the nanotube. After deposit of a nanotube on a silicon chip substrate, the entire structure may be fabricated by lithography using selected techniques adapted from silicon manufacturing technology. The structures to be fabricated may comprise a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT), two in plane stators S1, S2 and a gate stator S3 buried beneath the substrate surface. The MWNT is suspended between two anchor pads and comprises a rotator attached to an outer wall and arranged to move in response to electromagnetic inputs. The substrate is etched away to allow the rotor to freely rotate. Rotation may be either in a reciprocal or fully rotatable manner.

Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA); Fennimore, Adam M. (Berkeley, CA); Yuzvinsky, Thomas D. (Berkeley, CA)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

343

Gold-based electrical interconnections for microelectronic devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of making an electrical interconnection from a microelectronic device to a package, comprising ball or wedge compression bonding a gold-based conductor directly to a silicon surface, such as a polysilicon bonding pad in a MEMS or IMEMS device, without using layers of aluminum or titanium disposed in-between the conductor and the silicon surface. After compression bonding, optional heating of the bond above 363 C. allows formation of a liquid gold-silicon eutectic phase containing approximately 3% (by weight) silicon, which significantly improves the bond strength by reforming and enhancing the initial compression bond. The same process can be used for improving the bond strength of Au--Ge bonds by forming a liquid Au-12Ge eutectic phase.

Peterson, Kenneth A. (Albuquerque, NM); Garrett, Stephen E. (Albuquerque, NM); Reber, Cathleen A. (Corrales, NM); Watson, Robert D. (Tijeras, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

A High Temperature Electrochemical Energy Storage System Based on Sodium Beta-Alumina Solid Electrolyte (Base)  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work done during the period September 1, 2005 and March 31, 2008. Work was conducted in the following areas: (1) Fabrication of sodium beta{double_prime} alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) using a vapor phase process. (2) Mechanistic studies on the conversion of {alpha}-alumina + zirconia into beta{double_prime}-alumina + zirconia by the vapor phase process. (3) Characterization of BASE by X-ray diffraction, SEM, and conductivity measurements. (4) Design, construction and electrochemical testing of a symmetric cell containing BASE as the electrolyte and NaCl + ZnCl{sub 2} as the electrodes. (5) Design, construction, and electrochemical evaluation of Na/BASE/ZnCl{sub 2} electrochemical cells. (6) Stability studies in ZnCl{sub 2}, SnCl{sub 2}, and SnI{sub 4} (7) Design, assembly and testing of planar stacks. (8) Investigation of the effect of porous surface layers on BASE on cell resistance. The conventional process for the fabrication of sodium ion conducting beta{double_prime}-alumina involves calcination of {alpha}-alumina + Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} + LiNO{sub 3} at 1250 C, followed by sintering powder compacts in sealed containers (platinum or MgO) at {approx}1600 C. The novel vapor phase process involves first sintering a mixture of {alpha}-alumina + yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) into a dense ceramic followed by exposure to soda vapor at {approx}1450 C to convert {alpha}-alumina into beta{double_prime}-alumina. The vapor phase process leads to a high strength BASE, which is also resistant to moisture attack, unlike BASE made by the conventional process. The PI is the lead inventor of the process. Discs and tubes of BASE were fabricated in the present work. In the conventional process, sintering of BASE is accomplished by a transient liquid phase mechanism wherein the liquid phase contains NaAlO{sub 2}. Some NaAlO{sub 2} continues to remain at grain boundaries; and is the root cause of its water sensitivity. In the vapor phase process, NaAlO{sub 2} is never formed. Conversion occurs by a coupled transport of Na{sup +} through BASE formed and of O{sup 2-} through YSZ to the reaction front. Transport to the reaction front is described in terms of a chemical diffusion coefficient of Na{sub 2}O. The conversion kinetics as a function of microstructure is under investigation. The mechanism of conversion is described in this report. A number of discs and tubes of BASE have been fabricated by the vapor phase process. The material was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), before and after conversion. Conductivity (which is almost exclusively due to sodium ion transport at the temperatures of interest) was measured. Conductivity was measured using sodium-sodium tests as well as by impedance spectroscopy. Various types of both planar and tubular electrochemical cells were assembled and tested. In some cases the objective was to determine if there was any interaction between the salt and BASE. The interaction of interest was mainly ion exchange (possible replacement of sodium ion by the salt cation). It was noted that Zn{sup 2+} did not replace Na+ over the conditions of interest. For this reason much of the work was conducted with ZnCl{sub 2} as the cathode salt. In the case of Sn-based, Sn{sup 2+} did ion exchange, but Sn{sup 4+} did not. This suggests that Sn{sup 4+} salts are viable candidates. These results and implications are discussed in the report. Cells made with Na as the anode and ZnCl{sub 2} as the cathode were successfully charged/discharged numerous times. The key advantages of the batteries under investigation here over the Na-S batteries are: (1) Steel wool can be used in the cathode compartment unlike Na-S batteries which require expensive graphite. (2) Planar cells can be constructed in addition to tubular, allowing for greater design flexibility and integration with other devices such as planar SOFC. (3) Comparable or higher open circuit voltage (OCV) than the Na-S battery. (4) Wider operating temperature range and higher temper

Anil Virkar

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

345

Computational phase imaging based on intensity transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Light is a wave, having both an amplitude and a phase. However, optical frequencies are too high to allow direct detection of phase; thus, our eyes and cameras see only real values - intensity. Phase carries important ...

Waller, Laura A. (Laura Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Interactive physically-based cloud simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

computational fluid solver. This allows us to simulate the complex air motion that contributes to cloud formation in our atmosphere. Among the natural processes that we simulate are buoyancy, relative humidity, and condensation. Because we have built...

Overby, Derek Robert

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

347

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

348

Measurement-based quantum repeaters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce measurement-based quantum repeaters, where small-scale measurement-based quantum processors are used to perform entanglement purification and entanglement swapping in a long-range quantum communication protocol. In the scheme, pre-prepared entangled states stored at intermediate repeater stations are coupled with incoming photons by simple Bell-measurements, without the need of performing additional quantum gates or measurements. We show how to construct the required resource states, and how to minimize their size. We analyze the performance of the scheme under noise and imperfections, with focus on small-scale implementations involving entangled states of few qubits. We find measurement-based purification protocols with significantly improved noise thresholds. Furthermore we show that already resource states of small size suffice to significantly increase the maximal communication distance. We also discuss possible advantages of our scheme for different set-ups.

Zwerger, M; Briegel, H J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Analysis Margo Melendez & Keith Parks January 26, 2006 Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis (GIA) Utilizes GIS, geographically segregated data, and transition expertise to add the spatial component to infrastructure analysis NREL Core Competencies * Geographic data, tools, and expertise * Flexibility to address a wide array of transition issues NREL Capability Diagram Geographically-based Infrastructure Analysis GIS Transportation Technologies & Systems Electric & Hydrogen Technologies Energy Analysis Office GIA Activities Previous and Ongoing * HYDS ME - Evaluates best infrastructure options * Interstate Infrastructure Analysis - Minimal infrastructure to facilitate interstate travel during transition New Analyses * Quantifying transitional hydrogen demand

350

Laser-based coatings removal  

SciTech Connect

Over the years as building and equipment surfaces became contaminated with low levels of uranium or plutonium dust, coats of paint were applied to stabilize the contaminants in place. Most of the earlier paint used was lead-based paint. More recently, various non-lead-based paints, such as two-part epoxy, are used. For D & D (decontamination and decommissioning), it is desirable to remove the paints or other coatings rather than having to tear down and dispose of the entire building.

Freiwald, J.G.; Freiwald, D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Graphite-based photovoltaic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention uses lithographically patterned graphite stacks as the basic building elements of an efficient and economical photovoltaic cell. The basic design of the graphite-based photovoltaic cells includes a plurality of spatially separated graphite stacks, each comprising a plurality of vertically stacked, semiconducting graphene sheets (carbon nanoribbons) bridging electrically conductive contacts.

Lagally, Max (Madison, WI); Liu, Feng (Salt Lake City, UT)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

352

Towards Evidence-Based Sustainable  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, and the Urban Institute's Center for Metropolitan HousingTowards Evidence- Based Sustainable Communities Report on Survey of Urban Sustainability Centers. Hilda Blanco and Genevieve Giuliano at the Center for Sustainable Communities, the School of Policy

Wang, Hai

353

DATA BASE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, integrity constraints, A brief history of database applications When not to use database Fundamentals8/26/2010 1 1 ITCS 3160 DATA BASE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION JING YANG 2010 FALL Class 2: Database System Concepts and Architecture Review of Class 1 2 Database MDatabase management systems (DBMS) Concept

Yang, Jing

354

DATA BASE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approach A Brief History of Database Applications When Not to Use a DBMS Fundamentals of Database Systems8/24/2010 1 ITCS 3160 DATA BASE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION JING YANG 2010 FALL Class 1 Database and database users Outline Introduction A 2 An Example Characteristics of the Database Approach Actors

Yang, Jing

355

C3Bio.org - Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(.jpg, .jpeg, .jpe, .bmp, .tif, .tiff, .png, .gif) Submit You are here: Home Knowledge Base Knowledge Base Community Help Can't find something in the Knowledge Base? Try...

356

Role-Based delegation with negative authorization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Role-based delegation model (RBDM) based on role-based access control (RBAC) has proven to be a flexible and useful access control model for information sharing on distributed collaborative environment. Authorization is an important functionality ...

Hua Wang; Jinli Cao; David Ross

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System for Concentrating Solar Power Project Profile: Regenerative Carbonate-Based Thermochemical Energy Storage System...

358

Bioassay Labels Based on Apoferritin Nanovehicles. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioassay Labels Based on Apoferritin Nanovehicles. Abstract: Here we report a nanoparticle label based on apoferritin nanovehicle loaded internally with markers for sensitive...

359

Electrochemical Immunoassay of Carcinoembryonic Antigen Based...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carcinoembryonic Antigen Based on A Lead Sulfide Nanoparticle Label. Electrochemical Immunoassay of Carcinoembryonic Antigen Based on A Lead Sulfide Nanoparticle Label. Abstract:...

360

Market-Based Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Market-Based Programs Market-Based Programs To facilitate successful market introduction of high-quality, energy-efficient SSL products for general illumination, DOE has developed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Method and apparatus for digitally based high speed x-ray spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed, digitally based, signal processing system which accepts input data from a detector-preamplifier and produces a spectral analysis of the x-rays illuminating the detector. The system achieves high throughputs at low cost by dividing the required digital processing steps between a ``hardwired`` processor implemented in combinatorial digital logic, which detects the presence of the x-ray signals in the digitized data stream and extracts filtered estimates of their amplitudes, and a programmable digital signal processing computer, which refines the filtered amplitude estimates and bins them to produce the desired spectral analysis. One set of algorithms allow this hybrid system to match the resolution of analog systems while operating at much higher data rates. A second set of algorithms implemented in the processor allow the system to be self calibrating as well. The same processor also handles the interface to an external control computer. 19 figs.

Warburton, W.K.; Hubbard, B.

1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

362

Method and apparatus for digitally based high speed x-ray spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed, digitally based, signal processing system which accepts input data from a detector-preamplifier and produces a spectral analysis of the x-rays illuminating the detector. The system achieves high throughputs at low cost by dividing the required digital processing steps between a "hardwired" processor implemented in combinatorial digital logic, which detects the presence of the x-ray signals in the digitized data stream and extracts filtered estimates of their amplitudes, and a programmable digital signal processing computer, which refines the filtered amplitude estimates and bins them to produce the desired spectral analysis. One set of algorithms allow this hybrid system to match the resolution of analog systems while operating at much higher data rates. A second set of algorithms implemented in the processor allow the system to be self calibrating as well. The same processor also handles the interface to an external control computer.

Warburton, William K. (1300 Mills St., Menlo Park, CA 94025); Hubbard, Bradley (Santa Cruz, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Betatron squeeze optimisation at the Large Hadron Collider based on first year of operation data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to achieve the high luminosity expected from the Large Hadron Collider, the beta function at the interaction points must be minimised. As the aperture in the surroundings of the interaction points become smaller and smaller with decreasing beta function at the interaction point, the latter is kept higher during injection and energy ramp and reduced before the production of collision, by the means of the betatron squeeze. This operation as shown to be very critical in previous colliders, however, good performances were achieved early during the commissioning of the machine allowing to optimise this operation along the year. Firstly, a systematic fill by fill analysis of the beam parameters is performed in order to point out, understand and solve potential issues, allowing, in particular, to minimise the beam losses during the operation. Secondly, simulations of beam parameters based on the strength of the magnets extracted from the control system are introduced and validated with measurements. The sim...

Buffat, Xavier; Redaelli, Stefano

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

A physically-based heat pump model was connected to an optimization program to form a computer code for use in the design of high-efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;ABSTRACT A physically-based heat pump model was connected to an optimization program to form a computer code for use in the design of high-efficiency heat pumps. The method used allows efficiency of conventional heat pumps, ten variables were optimized while heating capacity was fixed

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

365

ExpTreeDB: Web-based query and visualization of manually annotated gene expression profiling experiments of human and mouse from GEO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......PAPERS DATABASES AND ONTOLOGIES ExpTreeDB: Web-based query and visualization of manually...biotech.bmi.ac.cn/ExpTreeDB . Web site is implemented in Perl, PHP, R...allows keywords and signature search. Other Web servers for analysis and annotation of GEO......

Ming Ni; Fuqiang Ye; Juanjuan Zhu; Zongwei Li; Shuai Yang; Bite Yang; Lu Han; Yongge Wu; Ying Chen; Fei Li; Shengqi Wang; Xiaochen Bo

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE, VOL. 19, NO. 3, MARCH 1997 247 Patch-Based Stereo in a General  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Patch-Based Stereo in a General Binocular Viewing Geometry Boaz J. Super, Member, IEEE, and William N surface patches directly from matching image patch intensity information. The method allows an arbitrary-baseline, or vergent geometries. The key to the approach is to match image patches that have positions, shapes, sizes

Super, Boaz J.

367

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Deep drilling has allowed for the first time an examination of most of the shield stage of a Hawaiian volcano when it is centered over the hotspot and most of its volume is produced. We determined the lithologies, ages, geochemical characteristics and accumulation rates of rocks from the continuously cored, ~1.7 km deep Scientific Observation Hole (SOH) 1, which was drilled into Kilauea's East Rift Zone. The uppermost ~750 m of this hole contain relatively unaltered subaerially quenched lavas; the lower

368

Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building research, design and operation Speaker(s): Brian Coffey Date: June 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Model-based control approaches the problem of optimal supervisory control for complex building systems by using discrete timesteps and searching for an optimal control configuration at each timestep, using a detailed building model and an optimization algorithm. Although the approach itself is not new (it was proposed at least as early as 1988), it is only during the past five to ten years that readily-available computation power has allowed researchers to consider this approach with complex system models. Recent research has developed and tested this approach for active solar

369

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

870 870 rd Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J. Richardson and Jonathan L. Slack Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 2003 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Research and Standards of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan L. Slack Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720, USA

370

Ant-Based Cyber Security  

SciTech Connect

We describe a swarming-agent-based, mixed-initiative approach to infrastructure defense where teams of humans and software agents defend cooperating organizations in tandem by sharing insights and solutions without violating proprietary boundaries. The system places human administrators at the appropriate level where they provide system guidance while lower-level agents carry out tasks humans are unable to perform quickly enough to mitigate todays security threats. Cooperative Infrastructure Defense (CID) uses our ant-based approach to enable dialogue between humans and agents to foster a collaborative problem-solving environment, increase human situational awareness and influence using visualization and shared control. We discuss theoretical implementation characteristics along with results from recent proof-of-concept implementations.

Haack, Jereme N.; Fink, Glenn A.; Maiden, Wendy M.; McKinnon, Archibald D.; Templeton, Steven J.; Fulp, Errin W.

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

371

Physically-based demand modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for d1fferent values of insulation or control tempera- ture. Also, the results of var1ous load management. scenarios may be evaluated. 26 REFERENCES LZ] D. P. Lijesen and J. Rosing, MAdaptive Forecasting of Hourly Loads Based on Load Measurement...) Terry Marshall Calloway, B. S, , Northeast Louisiana University B. S. , Louisiana Tech University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. C. W. Brice, III This thesis proposes a new methodology for modeling short-term (one hour to one day) air...

Calloway, Terry Marshall

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Model-based safety assessments  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories performs systems analysis of high risk, high consequence systems. In particular, Sandia is responsible for the engineering of nuclear weapons, exclusive of the explosive physics package. In meeting this responsibility, Sandia has developed fundamental approaches to safety and a process for evaluating safety based on modeling and simulation. These approaches provide confidence in the safety of our nuclear weapons. Similar concepts may be applied to improve the safety of other high consequence systems.

Carlson, D.D.; Jones, T.R.

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hydrogen Storage Based on Physisorption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermochemistry analysis was conducted at the same temperatures and pressures as those used experimentally to determine the wt % of hydrogen stored based on the physisorption process. ... A clear difference obsd. in gas evolution from SWNTs and peapods shows that the storage site for the hydrogen mol. is an inter-tube space and that 'sub-nanometer' sized spaces are indispensable for storing hydrogen mols. in this system. ...

L. G. Scanlon; W. A. Feld; P. B. Balbuena; G. Sandi; X. Duan; K. A. Underwood; N. Hunter; J. Mack; M. A. Rottmayer; M. Tsao

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

374

A graph-based system for network-vulnerability analysis  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a graph-based approach to network vulnerability analysis. The method is flexible, allowing analysis of attacks from both outside and inside the network. It can analyze risks to a specific network asset, or examine the universe of possible consequences following a successful attack. The graph-based tool can identify the set of attack paths that have a high probability of success (or a low effort cost) for the attacker. The system could be used to test the effectiveness of making configuration changes, implementing an intrusion detection system, etc. The analysis system requires as input a database of common attacks, broken into atomic steps, specific network configuration and topology information, and an attacker profile. The attack information is matched with the network configuration information and an attacker profile to create a superset attack graph. Nodes identify a stage of attack, for example the class of machines the attacker has accessed and the user privilege level he or she has compromised. The arcs in the attack graph represent attacks or stages of attacks. By assigning probabilities of success on the arcs or costs representing level-of-effort for the attacker, various graph algorithms such as shortest-path algorithms can identify the attack paths with the highest probability of success.

Swiler, L.P.; Phillips, C.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Weather-based forecasts of California crop yields  

SciTech Connect

Crop yield forecasts provide useful information to a range of users. Yields for several crops in California are currently forecast based on field surveys and farmer interviews, while for many crops official forecasts do not exist. As broad-scale crop yields are largely dependent on weather, measurements from existing meteorological stations have the potential to provide a reliable, timely, and cost-effective means to anticipate crop yields. We developed weather-based models of state-wide yields for 12 major California crops (wine grapes, lettuce, almonds, strawberries, table grapes, hay, oranges, cotton, tomatoes, walnuts, avocados, and pistachios), and tested their accuracy using cross-validation over the 1980-2003 period. Many crops were forecast with high accuracy, as judged by the percent of yield variation explained by the forecast, the number of yields with correctly predicted direction of yield change, or the number of yields with correctly predicted extreme yields. The most successfully modeled crop was almonds, with 81% of yield variance captured by the forecast. Predictions for most crops relied on weather measurements well before harvest time, allowing for lead times that were longer than existing procedures in many cases.

Lobell, D B; Cahill, K N; Field, C B

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

376

A cooperative control algorithm for camera based observational systems.  

SciTech Connect

Over the last several years, there has been considerable growth in camera based observation systems for a variety of safety, scientific, and recreational applications. In order to improve the effectiveness of these systems, we frequently desire the ability to increase the number of observed objects, but solving this problem is not as simple as adding more cameras. Quite often, there are economic or physical restrictions that prevent us from adding additional cameras to the system. As a result, we require methods that coordinate the tracking of objects between multiple cameras in an optimal way. In order to accomplish this goal, we present a new cooperative control algorithm for a camera based observational system. Specifically, we present a receding horizon control where we model the underlying optimal control problem as a mixed integer linear program. The benefit of this design is that we can coordinate the actions between each camera while simultaneously respecting its kinematics. In addition, we further improve the quality of our solution by coupling our algorithm with a Kalman filter. Through this integration, we not only add a predictive component to our control, but we use the uncertainty estimates provided by the filter to encourage the system to periodically observe any outliers in the observed area. This combined approach allows us to intelligently observe the entire region of interest in an effective and thorough manner.

Young, Joseph G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Cloud-Based Model Calibration Using OpenStudio: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

OpenStudio is a free, open source Software Development Kit (SDK) and application suite for performing building energy modeling and analysis. The OpenStudio Parametric Analysis Tool has been extended to allow cloud-based simulation of multiple OpenStudio models parametrically related to a baseline model. This paper describes the new cloud-based simulation functionality and presents a model cali-bration case study. Calibration is initiated by entering actual monthly utility bill data into the baseline model. Multiple parameters are then varied over multiple iterations to reduce the difference between actual energy consumption and model simulation results, as calculated and visualized by billing period and by fuel type. Simulations are per-formed in parallel using the Amazon Elastic Cloud service. This paper highlights model parameterizations (measures) used for calibration, but the same multi-nodal computing architecture is available for other purposes, for example, recommending combinations of retrofit energy saving measures using the calibrated model as the new baseline.

Hale, E.; Lisell, L.; Goldwasser, D.; Macumber, D.; Dean, J.; Metzger, I.; Parker, A.; Long, N.; Ball, B.; Schott, M.; Weaver, E.; Brackney, L.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Satellite-based laser windsounder  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project`s primary objective is to determine the technical feasibility of using satellite-based laser wind sensing systems for detailed study of winds, aerosols, and particulates around and downstream of suspected proliferation facilities. Extensive interactions with the relevant operational organization resulted in enthusiastic support and useful guidance with respect to measurement requirements and priorities. Four candidate wind sensing techniques were evaluated, and the incoherent Doppler technique was selected. A small satellite concept design study was completed to identify the technical issues inherent in a proof-of-concept small satellite mission. Use of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer instead of a Fabry-Perot would significantly simplify the optical train and could reduce weight, and possibly power, requirements with no loss of performance. A breadboard Mach-Zehnder interferometer-based system has been built to verify these predictions. Detailed plans were made for resolving other issues through construction and testing of a ground-based lidar system in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin, and through numerical lidar wind data assimilation studies.

Schultz, J.F.; Czuchlewski, S.J.; Quick, C.R. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Evolving the Web-Based Distributed SI/PDO Architecture for High-Performance Visualization  

SciTech Connect

The Simulation Intranet/Product Database Operator (SI/PDO) project has developed a Web-based distributed object architecture for high performance scientific simulation. A Web-based Java interface guides designers through the design and analysis cycle via solid and analytical modeling, meshing, finite element simulation, and various forms of visualization. The SI/PDO architecture has evolved in steps towards satisfying Sandia's long-term goal of providing an end-to-end set of services for high fidelity full physics simulations in a high-performance, distributed, and distance computing environment. This paper describes the continuing evolution of the architecture to provide high-performance visualization services. Extensions to the SI/PDO architecture allow web access to visualization tools that run on MP systems. This architecture makes these tools more easily accessible by providing web-based interfaces and by shielding the user from the details of these computing environments. The design is a multi-tier architecture, where the Java-based GUI tier runs on a web browser and provides image display and control functions. The computation tier runs on MP machines. The middle tiers provide custom communication with MP machines, remote file selection, remote launching of services, load balancing, and machine selection. The architecture allows middleware of various types (CORBA, COM, RMI, sockets, etc.) to connect the tiers depending upon the situation. Testing of constantly developing visualization tools can be done in an environment where there are only two tiers which both run on desktop machines. This allows fast testing turnaround and does not use compute cycles on high-performance machines. Once the code and interfaces are tested, they are moved to high-performance machines, and new tiers are added to handle the problems of using these machines. Uniform interfaces are used throughout the tiers to allow this flexibility. Experiments test the appropriate level of interface: either a large set of specific function calls or a small set of generic function calls. This architecture is based on the goals and constraints of the environment: huge data volumes (that cannot be easily moved), use of multiple middleware protocols, MP platform portability, rapid development of the visualization tools, distributed resource management (of MP resources), and the use of existing visualization tools.

HOLMES,VICTOR P.; LINEBARGER,JOHN M.; MILLER,DAVID J.; VANDEWART,RUTHE LYNN; CROWLEY,CHARLES P.

2000-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

380

Size-Expanded yDNA bases: An Ab Initio Study  

SciTech Connect

xDNA and yDNA are new classes of synthetic nucleic acids characterized by having base-pairs with one of the bases larger than the natural congeners. Here these larger bases are called x- and y-bases. We recently investigated and reported the structural and electronic properties of the x-bases (Fuentes-Cabrera et al. J. Phys. Chem. B 2005, 109, 21135-21139). Here we extend this study by investigating the structure and electronic properties of the y-bases. These studies are framed within our interest that xDNA and yDNA could function as nanowires, for they could have smaller HOMO-LUMO gaps than natural DNA. The limited amount of experimental structural data in these synthetic duplexes makes it necessary to first understand smaller models and, subsequently, to use that information to build larger models. In this paper, we report the results on the chemical and electronic structure of the y-bases. In particular, we predict that the y-bases have smaller HOMO-LUMO gaps than their natural congeners, which is an encouraging result for it indicates that yDNA could have a smaller HOMO-LUMO gap than natural DNA. Also, we predict that the y-bases are less planar than the natural ones. Particularly interesting are our results corresponding to yG. Our studies show that yG is unstable because it is less aromatic and has a Coulombic repulsion that involves the amino group, as compared with a more stable tautomer. However, yG has a very small HOMO-LUMO gap, the smallest of all the size-expanded bases we have considered. The results of this study provide useful information that may allow the synthesis of an yG-mimic that is stable and has a small HOMO-LUMO gap.

Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Lipkowski, Pawel [Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland; Wells, Jack C [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Cobalt(II/III) Redox Electrolyte in ZnO Nanowire-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thus the present study opens new opportunities to improve energy conversion efficiency in ZnO-based DSCs. ... This allows the rational design and development of hierarchical ZnO nanostructures able to simultaneously optimize charge carrier path and dye loading. ... Finally, a series of Co(II)/Co(III) complexes are systematically investigated to gauge the impact of ligand substitution and of metal coordination (tris-bidentate vs. bis-tridentate) on the HS/LS energy difference and reorganization energies. ...

Jiandong Fan; Yan Hao; Andreu Cabot; Erik M. J. Johansson; Gerrit Boschloo; Anders Hagfeldt

2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

382

Integrated windows-based control system for an electron microscope  

SciTech Connect

A Windows application has been developed for management and operation of beam instruments such as electron or ion microscopes. It provides a facility that allows an operator to manage a complicated instrument with minimal effort, primarily under mouse control. The hardware control components used on similar instruments (e.g., the scanning transmission electron microscopes in our lab), such as toggles, buttons, and potentiometers for adjustments on various scales, are all replaced by the controls of the Windows application and are addressable on a single screen. The new controls in this program (via adjustable software settings) offer speed of response and smooth operation providing tailored control of various instrument parameters. Along with the controls offering single parameter adjustment, a two-dimensional control was developed that allows two parameters to be coupled and addressed simultaneously. This capability provides convenience for such tasks as finding the beam'' and directing it to a location of interest on the specimen. Using an icon-based display, this Windows application provides better integrated and more robust information for monitoring instrument status than the indicators and meters of the traditional instrument controls. As a Windows application, this program is naturally able to share the resources of the Windows system and is thus able to link to many other applications such as our image acquisition and processing programs. Computer control provides automatic protection and instant diagnostics for the experimental instrument. This Windows application is fully functional and is in daily use to control a new type of electron microscope developed in our lab.

Ruan, S. (The Enrico Fermi Institute, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)); Kapp, O.H. (The Department of Radiology and The Enrico Fermi Institute, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States))

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Economic aspects of black bases in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Crack length ratios for District 5. . . . . . . 5cI Crack length ratios for District 25. . . . . . 60 Aggregate gradation for laboratory molded black base mixtures. . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 5 Asphalt properties. Determination of optimum...)5 Section identification of District 5 'black base projects. . 255 Structural characteristics of District & black base projects. 254 Section identification of District 5 flexible base projects 255 Structural characteristics of District 5 flexible base...

Schoen, Wayne Ayron

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

384

Physics Based on Physical Monism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

Seong-Dong Kim

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

385

Method and apparatus for combinatorial logic signal processor in a digitally based high speed x-ray spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed, digitally based, signal processing system which accepts a digitized input signal and detects the presence of step-like pulses in the this data stream, extracts filtered estimates of their amplitudes, inspects for pulse pileup, and records input pulse rates and system livetime. The system has two parallel processing channels: a slow channel, which filters the data stream with a long time constant trapezoidal filter for good energy resolution; and a fast channel which filters the data stream with a short time constant trapezoidal filter, detects pulses, inspects for pileups, and captures peak values from the slow channel for good events. The presence of a simple digital interface allows the system to be easily integrated with a digital processor to produce accurate spectra at high count rates and allow all spectrometer functions to be fully automated. Because the method is digitally based, it allows pulses to be binned based on time related values, as well as on their amplitudes, if desired.

Warburton, William K. (1300 Mills St., Menlo Park, CA 94025); Zhou, Zhiquing (Carl) (Fremont, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Method and apparatus for combinatorial logic signal processor in a digitally based high speed x-ray spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed, digitally based, signal processing system is disclosed which accepts a digitized input signal and detects the presence of step-like pulses in the this data stream, extracts filtered estimates of their amplitudes, inspects for pulse pileup, and records input pulse rates and system lifetime. The system has two parallel processing channels: a slow channel, which filters the data stream with a long time constant trapezoidal filter for good energy resolution; and a fast channel which filters the data stream with a short time constant trapezoidal filter, detects pulses, inspects for pileups, and captures peak values from the slow channel for good events. The presence of a simple digital interface allows the system to be easily integrated with a digital processor to produce accurate spectra at high count rates and allow all spectrometer functions to be fully automated. Because the method is digitally based, it allows pulses to be binned based on time related values, as well as on their amplitudes, if desired. 31 figs.

Warburton, W.K.

1999-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

387

SIGNUM: A Matlab, TIN-based landscape evolution model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several numerical landscape evolution models (LEMs) have been developed to date, and many are available as open source codes. Most are written in efficient programming languages such as Fortran or C, but often require additional code efforts to plug in to more user-friendly data analysis and/or visualization tools to ease interpretation and scientific insight. In this paper, we present an effort to port a common core of accepted physical principles governing landscape evolution directly into a high-level language and data analysis environment such as Matlab. SIGNUM (acronym for Simple Integrated Geomorphological Numerical Model) is an independent and self-contained Matlab, TIN-based landscape evolution model, built to simulate topography development at various space and time scales. SIGNUM is presently capable of simulating hillslope processes such as linear and nonlinear diffusion, fluvial incision into bedrock, spatially varying surface uplift which can be used to simulate changes in base level, thrust and faulting, as well as effects of climate changes. Although based on accepted and well-known processes and algorithms in its present version, it is built with a modular structure, which allows to easily modify and upgrade the simulated physical processes to suite virtually any user needs. The code is conceived as an open-source project, and is thus an ideal tool for both research and didactic purposes, thanks to the high-level nature of the Matlab environment and its popularity among the scientific community. In this paper the simulation code is presented together with some simple examples of surface evolution, and guidelines for development of new modules and algorithms are proposed.

A. Refice; E. Giachetta; D. Capolongo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Metal-based reactive nanomaterials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent developments in materials processing and characterization resulted in the discovery of a new type of reactive materials containing nanoscaled metal components. The well-known high oxidation energies of metallic fuels can now be released very rapidly because of the very high reactive interface areas in such metal-based reactive nanomaterials. Consequently, these materials are currently being examined for an entire range of applications in energetic formulations inappropriate for conventional, micron-sized metal fuels having relatively low reaction rates. New application areas, such as reactive structural materials, are also being explored. Research remains active in manufacturing and characterization of metal-based reactive nanomaterials including elemental metal nanopowders and various nanocomposite material systems. Because of the nanometer scale of the individual particles, or phase domains, and because of the very high enthalpy of reaction between components of the nanocomposite materials, the final phase compositions, morphology, and thermodynamic properties of the reactive nanocomposite materials may be different from those of their micron-scaled counterparts. Ignition mechanisms in such materials can be governed by heterogeneous reactions that are insignificant for materials with less developed reactive interface areas. New combustion regimes are being observed that are affected by very short ignition delays combined with very high metal combustion temperatures. Current progress in this rapidly growing research area is reviewed and some potential directions for the future research are discussed.

Edward L. Dreizin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Technology-based design and scaling for \\{RTGs\\} for space exploration in the 100W range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study on design considerations for a 100W radioisotope thermo-electric generator (RTG). Special emphasis has been put on designing a modular, multi-purpose system with high overall TRL levels and making full use of the extensive Russian heritage in the design of radioisotope power systems. The modular approach allowed insight into the scaling of such \\{RTGs\\} covering the electric power range from 50 to 200We (EoL). The retained concept is based on a modular thermal block structure, a radiative inner-RTG heat transfer and using a two-stage thermo-electric conversion system.

Leopold Summerer; Jean Pierre Roux; Alexey Pustovalov; Viacheslav Gusev; Nikolai Rybkin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

A Model-Based Signal Processing Approach to Nuclear Explosion Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This report describes research performed under Laboratory Research and Development Project 05-ERD-019, entitled ''A New Capability for Regional High-Frequency Seismic Wave Simulation in Realistic Three-Dimensional Earth Models to Improve Nuclear Explosion Monitoring''. A more appropriate title for this project is ''A Model-Based Signal Processing Approach to Nuclear Explosion Monitoring''. This project supported research for a radically new approach to nuclear explosion monitoring as well as allowed the development new capabilities in computational seismology that can contribute to NNSA/NA-22 Programs.

Rodgers, A; Harris, D; Pasyanos, M

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

391

Solar Reserve Methodology for Renewable Energy Integration Studies Based on Sub-Hourly Variability Analysis: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Increasing penetrations of wind a solar energy are raising concerns among electric system operators because of the variability and uncertainty associated with power sources. Previous work focused on the quantification of reserves for systems with wind power. This paper presents a new methodology that allows the determination of necessary reserves for high penetrations of photovoltaic (PV) power and compares it to the wind-based methodology. The solar reserve methodology is applied to Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study. A summary of the results is included.

Ibanez, E.; Brinkman, G.; Hummon, M.; Lew, D.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Simple Template-Based Method to Produce Bradbury-Nielsen Gates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Bradbury-Nielsen gate (BNG) consists of two interleaved and electrically isolated sets of wires and can transmit or deflect charged particles by applying a varying voltage difference across the two wire sets. We present a simple template-based method to fabricate \\{BNGs\\} with wire spacings as small as 50 ?m with minimal use of a microscope. The small wire spacing allows modulation rates at tens of megahertz. Using this method, we have fabricated four \\{BNGs\\} with wire spacings of 500, 200, 100, and 50 ?m using 10 ?m gold-coated tungsten wires. The performance of the four \\{BNGs\\} is characterized using an imaging detector and compared with theoretical predictions.

Oh Kyu Yoon; Ignacio A. Zuleta; Matthew D. Robbins; Griffin K. Barbula; Richard N. Zare

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Conditions for a carrier multiplication in amorphous-selenium based photodetector  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous selenium is a promising candidate for high sensitivity photodetector due to its unique carrier multiplication phenomenon. More than 10 carriers can be generated per incident photon, which leads to high photo-conversion efficiency of 1000% that allows real-time imaging in dark ambient. However, application of this effect has been limited to specific devices due to the lack in material characterization. In this article, mechanism of carrier multiplication has been clarified using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. A prototype photodetector achieved photo conversion efficiency of 4000%, which explains the signal enhancement mechanism in a-Se based photodetector.

Masuzawa, Tomoaki; Kuniyoshi, Shingo; Onishi, Masanori; Kato, Richika; Saito, Ichitaro; Okano, Ken [Department of Material Science, International Christian University, S102 Science Hall, ICU, 3-10-2 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8585 (Japan)] [Department of Material Science, International Christian University, S102 Science Hall, ICU, 3-10-2 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8585 (Japan); Yamada, Takatoshi [Nanotube Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)] [Nanotube Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Koh, Angel T. T.; Chua, Daniel H. C. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, 7 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117574 (Singapore)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National University of Singapore, 7 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117574 (Singapore); Shimosawa, Tatsuo [Department of Clinical Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113-8655 (Japan)] [Department of Clinical Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyoku, Tokyo 113-8655 (Japan)

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

394

Performance-Based Incentive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Performance-Based Incentive Performance-Based Incentive Jump to: navigation, search Performance-based incentives (PBIs), also known as production incentives, provide cash payments based on the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) or BTUs generated by a renewable energy system. A "feed-in tariff" is an example of a PBI. To ensure project quality, payments based on a system's actual performance are generally more effective than payments based on a system's rated capacity. (Note that tax incentives based on the amount of energy produced by an eligible commercial facility are categorized as "Corporate Tax Incentives" in DSIRE.) [1] Contents 1 Performance-Based Incentive Incentives 2 References Performance-Based Incentive Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 194) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

395

PROBABILITY BASED CORROSION CONTROL FOR WASTE TANKS - PART II  

SciTech Connect

As part of an ongoing study to evaluate the discontinuity in the corrosion controls at the SRS tank farm, a study was conducted this year to assess the minimum concentrations below 1 molar nitrate, see Figure 1. Current controls on the tank farm solution chemistry are in place to prevent the initiation and propagation of pitting and stress corrosion cracking in the primary steel waste tanks. The controls are based upon a series of experiments performed with simulated solutions on materials used for construction of the tanks, namely ASTM A537 carbon steel (A537). During FY09, an experimental program was undertaken to investigate the risk associated with reducing the minimum molar nitrite concentration required to confidently inhibit pitting in dilute solutions (i.e., less than 1 molar nitrate). The experimental results and conclusions herein provide a statistical basis to quantify the probability of pitting for the tank wall exposed to various solutions with dilute concentrations of nitrate and nitrite. Understanding the probability for pitting will allow the facility to make tank-specific risk-based decisions for chemistry control. Based on previous electrochemical testing, a statistical test matrix was developed to refine and solidify the application of the statistical mixture/amount model to corrosion of A537 steel. A mixture/amount model was identified based on statistical analysis of recent and historically collected electrochemical data. This model provides a more complex relationship between the nitrate and nitrite concentrations and the probability of pitting than is represented by the model underlying the current chemistry control program, and its use may provide a technical basis for the utilization of less nitrite to inhibit pitting at concentrations below 1 molar nitrate. FY09 results fit within the mixture/amount model, and further refine the nitrate regime in which the model is applicable. The combination of visual observations and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans indicates a potential for significant inhibitor reductions at nitrate concentrations near 1.0 M without a significant increase in corrosion risk. The complete data sets from FY08 and FY09 testing have determined the statistical basis to confidently inhibit against pitting using nitrite inhibition with the current pH controls. Future testing will complete the spectrum of nitrate concentrations around 1 molar. These results will be combined to provide a complete spectrum for corrosion controls with a risk based component.

Hoffman, E.; Edwards, T.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

396

Superiority of Equivalent Uniform Dose (EUD)-Based Optimization for Breast and Chest Wall  

SciTech Connect

We investigate whether IMRT optimization based on generalized equivalent uniform dose (gEUD) objectives for organs at risk (OAR) results in superior dosimetric outcomes when compared with multiple dose-volume (DV)-based objectives plans for patients with intact breast and postmastectomy chest wall (CW) cancer. Four separate IMRT plans were prepared for each of the breast and CW cases (10 patients). The first three plans used our standard in-house, physician-selected, DV objectives (phys-plan); gEUD-based objectives for the OARs (gEUD-plan); and multiple, 'very stringent,' DV objectives for each OAR and PTV (DV-plan), respectively. The fourth plan was only beam-fluence optimized (FO-plan), without segmentation, which used the same objectives as in the DV-plan. The latter plan was to be used as an 'optimum' benchmark without the effects of the segmentation for deliverability. Dosimetric quantities, such as V{sub 20Gy} for the ipsilateral lung and mean dose (D{sub mean}) for heart, contralateral breast, and contralateral lung were used to evaluate the results. For all patients in this study, we have seen that the gEUD-based plans allow greater sparing of the OARs while maintaining equivalent target coverage. The average ipsilateral lung V{sub 20Gy} reduced from 22 {+-} 4.4% for the FO-plan to 18 {+-} 3% for the gEUD-plan. All other dosimetric quantities shifted towards lower doses for the gEUD-plan. gEUD-based optimization can be used to search for plans of different DVHs with the same gEUDs. The use of gEUD allows selective optimization and reduction of the dose for each OAR and results in a truly individualized treatment plan.

Mihailidis, Dimitris N. [Charleston Radiation Therapy Consultants, Charleston, WV (United States)], E-mail: Dimitris@charlestonradiation.com; Plants, Brian; Farinash, Lloyd; Harmon, Michael; Whaley, Lewis; Raja, Prem; Tomara, Pelagia [Charleston Radiation Therapy Consultants, Charleston, WV (United States)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Efficient Graph Based Assembly of Short-Read Sequences on Hybrid Core Architecture  

SciTech Connect

Advanced architectures can deliver dramatically increased throughput for genomics and proteomics applications, reducing time-to-completion in some cases from days to minutes. One such architecture, hybrid-core computing, marries a traditional x86 environment with a reconfigurable coprocessor, based on field programmable gate array (FPGA) technology. In addition to higher throughput, increased performance can fundamentally improve research quality by allowing more accurate, previously impractical approaches. We will discuss the approach used by Convey?s de Bruijn graph constructor for short-read, de-novo assembly. Bioinformatics applications that have random access patterns to large memory spaces, such as graph-based algorithms, experience memory performance limitations on cache-based x86 servers. Convey?s highly parallel memory subsystem allows application-specific logic to simultaneously access 8192 individual words in memory, significantly increasing effective memory bandwidth over cache-based memory systems. Many algorithms, such as Velvet and other de Bruijn graph based, short-read, de-novo assemblers, can greatly benefit from this type of memory architecture. Furthermore, small data type operations (four nucleotides can be represented in two bits) make more efficient use of logic gates than the data types dictated by conventional programming models.JGI is comparing the performance of Convey?s graph constructor and Velvet on both synthetic and real data. We will present preliminary results on memory usage and run time metrics for various data sets with different sizes, from small microbial and fungal genomes to very large cow rumen metagenome. For genomes with references we will also present assembly quality comparisons between the two assemblers.

Sczyrba, Alex; Pratap, Abhishek; Canon, Shane; Han, James; Copeland, Alex; Wang, Zhong; Brewer, Tony; Soper, David; D'Jamoos, Mike; Collins, Kirby; Vacek, George

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

398

Calix[4]arene Based Single-Molecule Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been the subject of much interest in recent years because their molecular nature and inherent physical properties allow the crossover between classical and quantum physics to be observed. The macroscopic observation of quantum phenomena - tunneling between different spin states, quantum interference between tunnel paths - not only allows scientists to study quantum mechanical laws in great detail, but also provides model systems with which to investigate the possible implementation of spin-based solid state qubits and molecular spintronics. The isolation of small, simple SMMs is therefore an exciting prospect. To date almost all SMMs have been made via the self-assembly of 3d metal ions in the presence of bridging/chelating organic ligands. However, very recently an exciting new class of SMMs, based on 3d metal clusters (or single lanthanide ions) housed within polyoxometalates, has appeared. These types of molecule, in which the SMM is completely encapsulated within (or shrouded by) a 'protective' organic or inorganic sheath have much potential for design and manipulation: for example, for the removal of unwanted dipolar interactions, the introduction of redox activity, or to simply aid functionalization for surface grafting. Calix[4]arenes are cyclic (typically bowl-shaped) polyphenols that have been used extensively in the formation of versatile self-assembled supramolecular structures. Although many have been reported, p-{sup t}But-calix[4]arene and calix[4]arene (TBC4 and C4 respectively, Figure 1A) are frequently encountered due to (a) synthetic accessibility, and (b) vast potential for alteration at either the upper or lower rim of the macrocyclic framework. Within the field of supramolecular chemistry, TBC4 is well known for interesting polymorphic behavior and phase transformations within anti-parallel bi-layer arrays, while C4 often forms self-included trimers. The polyphenolic nature of calix[n]arenes (where n = 4-8) also suggests they should be excellent candidates as ligands for the isolation of molecular magnets, but to date their use in the isolation of paramagnetic cluster compounds is rather limited. Herein we present the first Mn cluster and the first SMM to be isolated using any methylene bridged calix[n]arene - a ferromagnetically coupled mixed-valence [Mn{sub 2}{sup III}Mn{sub 2}{sup II}] complex housed between either two TBC4s or two C4s.

Karotsis, Georgios; Teat, Simon J.; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Piligkos, Stergios; Dalgarno, Scott J.; Brechin, Euan K.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

399

Alumina forming iron base superalloy  

SciTech Connect

An austenitic stainless steel alloy, consists essentially of, in weight percent 2.5 to 4 Al; 25 to 35 Ni; 12 to 19 Cr; at least 1, up to 4 total of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Nb and Ta; 0.5 to 3 Ti; less than 0.5 V; 0.1 to 1 of at least on element selected from the group consisting of Zr and Hf; 0.03 to 0.2 C; 0.005 to 0.1 B; and base Fe. The weight percent Fe is greater than the weight percent Ni. The alloy forms an external continuous scale including alumina, and contains coherent precipitates of .gamma.'-Ni.sub.3Al, and a stable essentially single phase FCC austenitic matrix microstructure. The austenitic matrix is essentially delta-ferrite-free and essentially BCC-phase-free.

Yamamoto, Yukinori; Muralidharan, Govindarajan; Brady, Michael P.

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

400

Geothermal resource data base: Arizona  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a compilation of geothermal well and spring information in Arizona up to 1993. This report and data base are a part of a larger congressionally-funded national effort to encourage and assist geothermal direct-use. In 1991, the US Department of Energy, Geothermal Division (DOE/GD) began a Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources and Technology Transfer Program. Phase 1 of this program includes updating the inventory of wells and springs of ten western states and placing these data into a digital format that is universally accessible to the PC. The Oregon Institute of Technology GeoHeat Center (OIT) administers the program and the University of Utah Earth Sciences and Resources Institute (ESRI) provides technical direction. In recent years, the primary growth in geothermal use in Arizona has occurred in aquaculture. Other uses include minor space heating and supply of warm mineral waters for health spas.

Witcher, J.C. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Automated GIS-based derivation of urban ecological indicators using hyperspectral remote sensing and height information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Urban ecological indicators allow the objective and quantitative characterisation of ecological conditions in a spatially continuous way by evaluating the influence of urban surface types with respect to ecological functions and ecosystem services. Although the concept had already been developed in the 1980s, the variety of existing indicators had not been widely applied yet in urban planning practice, because of the high manual mapping effort that is required for spatially differentiated urban surface mapping. This paper presents a new automated remote sensing and GIS-based system for the flexible and user-defined derivation of urban ecological indicators. The system is based on automated surface material mapping using airborne hyperspectral image data and height information. Because the material classes obtained from remote sensing analysis differ in part from the surface types needed for the calculation of urban ecological indicators, they have been transformed into so-called linking categories representing the basis for the automated GIS-based derivation of urban ecological indicators. For this purpose, a computer-based system for flexible indicator derivation has been developed, allowing the user-defined integration of indicators based on the variable determination of mapping units, linking categories and respective weighting factors. Based on a comprehensive review of existing ecological indicators, 14 indicators have been selected and implemented in the system. To demonstrate the potential of the new system, a variety of indicators has been derived for two test sites situated in the German cities of Dresden and Potsdam, using city blocks defined by the municipal authorities as spatial mapping units. The initial mapping of surface materials was automatically performed on the basis of airborne hyperspectral image data acquired by the HyMAP system. The results of subsequent GIS-based indicator calculation were validated using results from field-based reference mapping that had been carried out for selected city blocks situated in both cities. An accuracy assessment for these reference city blocks has revealed mean errors of approximately 4%, confirming the suitability of the developed automated GIS-based system for flexible and efficient indicator calculation.

Robert Behling; Mathias Bochow; Saskia Foerster; Sigrid Roessner; Hermann Kaufmann

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

A Robust MEMS Based Multi-Component Sensor for 3D Borehole Seismic Arrays  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to develop, prototype and test a robust multi-component sensor that combines both Fiber Optic and MEMS technology for use in a borehole seismic array. The use such FOMEMS based sensors allows a dramatic increase in the number of sensors that can be deployed simultaneously in a borehole seismic array. Therefore, denser sampling of the seismic wave field can be afforded, which in turn allows us to efficiently and adequately sample P-wave as well as S-wave for high-resolution imaging purposes. Design, packaging and integration of the multi-component sensors and deployment system will target maximum operating temperature of 350-400 F and a maximum pressure of 15000-25000 psi, thus allowing operation under conditions encountered in deep gas reservoirs. This project aimed at using existing pieces of deployment technology as well as MEMS and fiber-optic technology. A sensor design and analysis study has been carried out and a laboratory prototype of an interrogator for a robust borehole seismic array system has been assembled and validated.

Paulsson Geophysical Services

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

Named entity disambiguation based on explicit semantics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our work we present an approach to the Named Entity Disambiguation based on semantic similarity measure. We employ existing explicit semantics present in datasets such as Wikipedia to construct a disambiguation dictionary and vector---based word model. ...

Martin Ja?ala; Jozef Tvaroek

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

oil-base(d) (rotary) drilling fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

oil-base(d) (rotary) drilling fluid, oil-base(d) fluid [Used primarily for drilling-in or recomputing wells in formations subject ... with low formation pressures. See remark under drilling fluid] ...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

SEE Action Webinar Community Based Social Marketing  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

This webinar will describe community-based social marketing as a behavior-based approach for developing energy-efficiency programs. The webinar will begin with an overview of the five steps...

406

NURBS interpolation based on exponential smoothing forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To meet the requirement of exploring a new generation of CNC systems based on STEP-NC, NURBS interpolation has been studied. In contrast to existing NURBS interpolation based on the Taylors expansion, this paper...

Zhou Kai; Wang Guanjun; Jin Houzhong

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Scenario-Based design of ambient intelligence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper scenario-based design approach for development of Ambient Intelligence (AmI) is described. Design of any concept is based on communication between different stakeholders. Furthermore design of these concepts should be grounded heavily to ...

Veikko Ikonen; Marketta Niemel; Eija Kaasinen

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHER ENERGY-RELATED DATA BASES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

n c i s c o , CA, DOE'S ENERGY DATA BASE (EDB) VERSUS OTHERData Baae: History The Energy Data Base it produced by thethe aim of the Energy Data Base i s to be a comprehensive

Robinson, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

sim based engineering | netl.doe.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulation-based Engineering High Performance Materials University Training and Research Carbon Capture Simulation Initiative National Risk Assessment Partnership Innovative...

410

Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in Voltammetric Analysis. Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in Voltammetric...

411

The knowledge base of the oculomotor system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Discussion Meeting Issue Knowledge-based vision in man and machine organized...B. Barlow and R. L. Gregory The knowledge base of the oculomotor system Michael...involved in more than one task. The knowledge base of the oculomotor system. | In...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

GaAsbased quantum cascade lasers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N. Murdin GaAs-based quantum cascade lasers Sirtori H. Page C. Becker...state-of-the-art of GaAs-based quantum cascade lasers. These new light sources...2000.0739 GaAs-based quantum cascade lasers By C. Sirtori, H. Page...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ordered Weighted Average Based Fuzzy Rough Sets Chris Cornelis 1 , Nele Verbiest1 , and Richard rough set model, which is based on a similar rationale, our proposal has the ad- vantage a feature selection application confirm the potential of the OWA-based model. Keywords: fuzzy rough sets

Gent, Universiteit

414

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RELIABILITY-BASED CASTING PROCESS DESIGN OPTIMIZATION Richard Hardin1 , K.K. Choi1 , and Christoph 52242-1527 Keywords: Casting Process Design, Optimization, Reliability-Based Design Optimization purpose reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) software tool previously developed at the University

Beckermann, Christoph

415

Vibrationbased structural damage identification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...N. A. J. Lieven and D. J. Ewins Vibration-based structural damage identification...identification based upon changes in vibration characteristics is one of the few methods...last thirty years is first presented. Vibration-based damage detection is a primary...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Accelerator-based neutron brachytherapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development and evaluation of a new approach to neutronbrachytherapy is described. This approach accelerator-based fast neutronbrachytherapy involves the interstitial or intracavity insertion of a narrow evacuated accelerator beam tube such that its tip containing the neutron-producing target is placed in or near the tumor.Tumorirradiation via brachytherapy should result in a reduction in the healthy tissue complication rate observed when poorly collimated and/or low energy external neutron beam are used for treatment. Use of a variable energy accelerator provides an advantage over isotopesources for neutronbrachytherapy in that the neutron beam can be turned on and off and the neutronenergy spectrum varied for different treatment applications. A prototype accelerator-based fast neutronbrachytherapy device 10 cm long and 6 mm outer diameter has been constructed and evaluated in terms of its dosimetric output treatment time and practical feasibility. The prototype device is a tube-in-tube design with cooling water running between the inner and outer tubes to cool a beryllium target located at the tip of the inner tube. Cooling experiments were performed and coupled with Monte Carlo simulations to determine treatment times as a function of heat load for various neutron-producing reactions. Using the 9 Be (d n) 10 B reaction at E d =1.5 MeV 66 RBE-Gy (12 Gy physical dose) can be delivered to the boundary of a 4.5-cm-diam treatment volume in 8 min at a heat load of 130 W. Other reactions offer similar treatment times at somewhat higher bombarding energies and also show higher potential for dose enhancement with the boron-10 neutron capture reaction due to their softer neutron spectra. Dose distributions in a water phantom were measured with the prototype brachytherapy tube using the dual-ion chamber technique for the 9 Be (d n) 10 B reaction at E d =1.5 MeV. The measurements and simulations agree within uncertainties and demonstrate that fast neutrons contribute more than 90% of the dose to the target volume.

Haijun Song; Jacquelyn C. Yanch; Robert E. Klinkowstein

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Sensor-based interior modeling  

SciTech Connect

Robots and remote systems will play crucial roles in future decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) of nuclear facilities. Many of these facilities, such as uranium enrichment plants, weapons assembly plants, research and production reactors, and fuel recycling facilities, are dormant; there is also an increasing number of commercial reactors whose useful lifetime is nearly over. To reduce worker exposure to radiation, occupational and other hazards associated with D&D tasks, robots will execute much of the work agenda. Traditional teleoperated systems rely on human understanding (based on information gathered by remote viewing cameras) of the work environment to safely control the remote equipment. However, removing the operator from the work site substantially reduces his efficiency and effectiveness. To approach the productivity of a human worker, tasks will be performed telerobotically, in which many aspects of task execution are delegated to robot controllers and other software. This paper describes a system that semi-automatically builds a virtual world for remote D&D operations by constructing 3-D models of a robot`s work environment. Planar and quadric surface representations of objects typically found in nuclear facilities are generated from laser rangefinder data with a minimum of human interaction. The surface representations are then incorporated into a task space model that can be viewed and analyzed by the operator, accessed by motion planning and robot safeguarding algorithms, and ultimately used by the operator to instruct the robot at a level much higher than teleoperation.

Herbert, M.; Hoffman, R.; Johnson, A.; Osborn, J.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Free resolutions via Grbner bases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For associative algebras in many different categories, it is possible to develop the machinery of Grbner bases. A Grbner basis of defining relations for an algebra of such a category provides a "monomial replacement" of this algebra. The main goal of this article is to demonstrate how this machinery can be used for the purposes of homological algebra. More precisely, our approach goes in three steps. First, we define a combinatorial resolution for the monomial replacement of an object. Second, we extract from those resolutions explicit representatives for homological classes. Finally, we explain how to "deform" the differential to handle the general case. For associative algebras, we recover a well known construction due to Anick. The other case we discuss in detail is that of operads, where we discover resolutions that haven't been known previously. We present various applications, including a proofs of Hoffbeck's PBW criterion, a proof of Koszulness for a class of operads coming from commutative algebras, and a homology computation for the operads of Batalin--Vilkovisky algebras and of Rota--Baxter algebras.

Vladimir Dotsenko; Anton Khoroshkin

419

Carbon-based Fuel Cell  

SciTech Connect

The direct use of coal in the solid oxide fuel cell to generate electricity is an innovative concept for power generation. The C-fuel cell (carbon-based fuel cell) could offer significant advantages: (1) minimization of NOx emissions due to its operating temperature range of 700-1000 C, (2) high overall efficiency because of the direct conversion of coal to CO{sub 2}, and (3) the production of a nearly pure CO{sub 2} exhaust stream for the direct CO{sub 2} sequestration. The objective of this project is to determine the technical feasibility of using a highly active anode catalyst in a solid oxide fuel for the direct electrochemical oxidation of coal to produce electricity. Results of this study showed that the electric power generation from Ohio No 5 coal (Lower Kittanning) Seam, Mahoning County, is higher than those of coal gas and pure methane on a solid oxide fuel cell assembly with a promoted metal anode catalyst at 950 C. Further study is needed to test the long term activity, selectivity, and stability of anode catalysts.

Steven S. C. Chuang

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

420

Transformative Higher Education Teaching and Learning: Using Social Media in a Team-based Learning Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study aims to assess the effectiveness of social media to enhance teaching and learning in a team-based learning environment involving large classes. The use of digital technology via Facebook, enhanced team-based learning outside the classroom, complementing face-to-face lessons. Students were also exposed to several student-centered learning mechanisms including poster presentations and expert forums in an effort to provide them with a more holistic learning experience. The theoretical framework of the study is based on the educational theories of constructivism and social learning. The students learning experience and motivation was assessed through content analysis of their reflective portfolios and their Facebook postings. The results clearly showed the positive impact that team-based strategy had on the students learning experience and motivation. Facebook was indeed perceived as an innovative and effective tool in a student-centered learning environment that enriched students educational experiences, increasing the relevance of the subject matter and encouraging students to collaborate effectively with their peers and faculty. From the perspective of the educator, the use of Facebook in a team-based pedagogy setting significantly enhanced the teaching and learning process as it allowed the educator to tap into the digital learning styles of the students and provided innovative ways of involving and motivating students in the learning process.

R. Ratneswary V.Rasiah

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A New Framework for a Model-Based Data Science Computational Platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Astronomy produces extremely large data sets from ground-based telescopes, space missions, and simulation. The volume and complexity of these rich data sets require new approaches and advanced tools to understand the information contained therein. No one can load this data on their own computer, most cannot even keep it at their institution, and worse, no platform exists that allows one to evaluate their models across the whole of the data. Simply having an extremely large volume of data available in one place is not sufficient; one must be able to make valid, rigorous, scientific comparisons across very different data sets from very different instrumentation. We propose a framework to directly address this which has the following components: a model-based computational platform, streamlined access to large volumes of data, and an educational and social platform for both researchers and the public.

Muna, Demitri

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Options for improving hazardous waste cleanups using risk-based criteria  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores how risk- and technology-based criteria are currently used in the RCRA and CERCLA cleanup programs. It identifies ways in which risk could be further incorporated into RCRA and CERCLA cleanup requirements and the implications of risk-based approaches. The more universal use of risk assessment as embodied in the risk communication and risk improvement bills before Congress is not addressed. Incorporating risk into the laws and regulations governing hazardous waste cleanup, will allow the use of the best scientific information available to further the goal of environmental protection in the United States while containing costs. and may help set an example for other countries that may be developing cleanup programs, thereby contributing to enhanced global environmental management.

Elcock, D.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A pipeline-based approach for long transaction processing in web service environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In web service environments, long transactions need to lock resources often database services for a long time during their long execution duration. This would bring down the performance of transaction processing systems. The transaction compensation is a feasible solution through allowing sub-transactions to independently commit, however, it is not able to speed up the transaction processing. This paper proposes a novel pipeline-based transaction processing (PLbTP) model for Serial Long Transactions (SLTs), which parallelises the transaction processing to reduce the transaction execution duration. Furthermore, we design a time-stamp-based deadlock prevention mechanism for the control of multiple concurrent transactions. The simulation results demonstrate that our approach can significantly improve performance of SLTs without the aid of compensating transactions.

Feilong Tang; Ilsun You; Li Li; Cho-Li Wang; Zixue Cheng; Song Guo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Modeling morphology evolution during solvent-based fabrication of organic solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solvent-based techniques usually involve preparing dilute blends of electron-donor and electron-acceptor materials dissolved in a volatile solvent. After some form of coating onto a substrate, the solvent evaporates. An initially homogeneous mixture separates into electron-acceptor rich and electron-donor rich regions as the solvent evaporates. Depending on the specifics of the blend and processing conditions different morphologies are typically formed. Experimental evidence consistently confirms that the morphology critically affects device performance. A computational framework that can predict morphology evolution can significantly augment experimental analysis. Such a framework will also allow high throughput analysis of the large phase space of processing parameters, thus yielding insight into the process-structure-property relationships. In this paper, we formulate a computational framework to predict evolution of morphology during solvent-based fabrication of organic thin films. This is accomplished by...

Wodo, Olga

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Using a DFIG-based wind farm for grid node reactive power compensation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grid nodes voltages are not allowed to deviate excessively from nominal value. Appropriate measures should be taken to prevent such a deviation. The voltage difference between two nodes is strongly affected by reactive power flow. In contrast to frequency control, node voltage control must be achieved locally. This article investigates the use of a wind farm based on a doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) for reactive power compensation of a grid node. A wind speed variation sample is applied to the model of a wind power unit. The power flow between the stator of the DFIG-based wind power unit and the grid is controlled by using the decoupled active and reactive power vector control method. The limits or capacity of the stator and power converters to consume or provide reactive power are discussed. SIMULINK software has been used for the simulation of the system.

Mohamed Kesraoui; Ahmed Chaib; Abdullah Madri; Bilal Hammani

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Approach to proliferation risk assessment based on multiple objective analysis framework  

SciTech Connect

The approach to the assessment of proliferation risk using the methods of multi-criteria decision making and multi-objective optimization is presented. The approach allows the taking into account of the specifics features of the national nuclear infrastructure, and possible proliferation strategies (motivations, intentions, and capabilities). 3 examples of applying the approach are shown. First, the approach has been used to evaluate the attractiveness of HEU (high enriched uranium)production scenarios at a clandestine enrichment facility using centrifuge enrichment technology. Secondly, the approach has been applied to assess the attractiveness of scenarios for undeclared production of plutonium or HEU by theft of materials circulating in nuclear fuel cycle facilities and thermal reactors. Thirdly, the approach has been used to perform a comparative analysis of the structures of developing nuclear power systems based on different types of nuclear fuel cycles, the analysis being based on indicators of proliferation risk.

Andrianov, A.; Kuptsov, I. [Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering of NNRU MEPhI (Russian Federation); Studgorodok 1, Obninsk, Kaluga region, 249030 (Russian Federation)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Evaluating case-based decision theory: Predicting empirical patterns of human classification learning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We introduce a computer program which calculates an agent?s optimal behavior according to case-based decision theory (Gilboa and Schmeidler, 1995) and use it to test CBDT against a benchmark set of problems from the psychological literature on human classification learning (Shepard et al., 1961). This allows us to evaluate the efficacy of CBDT as an account of human decision-making on this set of problems. We find: (1) The choice behavior of this program (and therefore case-based decision theory) correctly predicts the empirically observed relative difficulty of problems and speed of learning in human data. (2) Similarity (how CBDT decision makers extrapolate from memory) is decreasing in vector distance, consistent with evidence in psychology (Shepard, 1987). (3) The best-fitting parameters suggest humans aspire to an 80 85 % success rate, and humans may increase their aspiration level during the experiment. (4) Average similarity is rejected in favor of additive similarity.

Andreas Duus Pape; Kenneth J. Kurtz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Image-based characterization of cement pore structure using Wood`s metal intrusion  

SciTech Connect

Mercury intrusion porosimetry is a widely used technique for characterization of the pore size distribution of cement-based materials. However, the technique has several limitations, among which are the ink bottle effect and a cylindrical pore geometry assumption that lead to inaccurate pore size distribution curves. By substituting Wood`s metal for mercury as the intruding liquid, scanning electron microscopy and imaging techniques can be applied to the sample after intrusion. The molten Wood`s metal solidifies within the pore structure of the sample, which allows it to be sectioned and observed in the scanning electron microscopy. From here, the sample can be analyzed both qualitatively, by observing the changes in the appearance of the sample as the intrusion process progresses, and quantitatively, by applying image analysis techniques. This study provides insight for better interpretation of mercury intrusion porosimetry results and the possibility for quantitative characterization of the spatial geometry of pores in cement-based materials.

Willis, K.L.; Abell, A.B.; Lange, D.A. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering] [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Civil Engineering

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Optimization of a photovoltaic pumping system based on the optimal control theory  

SciTech Connect

This paper suggests how an optimal operation of a photovoltaic pumping system based on an induction motor driving a centrifugal pump can be realized. The optimization problem consists in maximizing the daily pumped water quantity via the optimization of the motor efficiency for every operation point. The proposed structure allows at the same time the minimization the machine losses, the field oriented control and the maximum power tracking of the photovoltaic array. This will be attained based on multi-input and multi-output optimal regulator theory. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is described by simulation and the obtained results are compared to those of a system working with a constant air gap flux. (author)

Betka, A.; Attali, A. [Laboratoire de Genie Electrique de Biskra (LGEB), Electrical Engineering Department, University of Biskra (Algeria)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Microalgae-based biodiesel: A multicriteria analysis of the production process using realistic scenarios  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Microalgae-based biodiesel has several benefits over other resources such as less land use, potential cultivation in non-fertile locations, faster growth and especially a high lipid-to-biodiesel yield. Nevertheless, the environmental and economic behavior for high scale production depends on several variables that must be addressed in the scale-up procedure. In this sense, rigorous modeling and multicriteria evaluation are performed in order to achieve optimal topology for third generation biodiesel production. Different scenarios and the most promising technologies tested at pilot scale are assessed. Besides, the sensitivity analysis allows the detection of key operating variables and assumptions that have a direct effect on the lipid content. The deviation of these variables may lead to an erroneous estimation of the scale-up performance of the technology reviewed in the microalgae-based biodiesel process. The modeling and evaluation of different scenarios of the harvesting, oil extraction and transesterification help to identify greener and cheaper alternatives.

Carmen M. Torres; Sergio D. Ros; Carles Torras; Joan Salvad; Josep M. Mateo-Sanz; Laureano Jimnez

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Risk-based inspection in ASME Section XI  

SciTech Connect

By 1970 the first edition of the ASME Code Section XI, Inservice Inspection of Nuclear Reactor Coolant Systems was published. From its inception, the Section XI inservice inspection scope was based on a fundamental risk-based selection process. In other words the inservice inspection scope included components where the consequences of a pressure boundary failure were high. Once the consequence significant system boundaries were established, inspections would then be performed at locations believed to be most susceptible service induced failure. Current Section XI requirements require that inspection locations be selected on the basis of peak stress and fatigue usage values contained in the Design Reports. These original stress calculations were designed to qualify a design and assure that the plant would provide reliable service throughout its design life. For the most part, the fatigue usage values in these reports do not provide an accurate measure of service life. As service history has demonstrated, the use of Design Report stresses and fatigue usage values can be misleading. The Section XI ISI inspection requirements have always been intended to focus inspections at those locations in the plant that pose the greater risk to reactor safety. This fundamental principle behind the Section XI inspection requirements has guided Section XI since its inception. However, today Utility resources are limited. The move in many states to deregulate utilities and growing competition from independent power producers is challenging Owners to reduce operating and maintenance cost without sacrificing safety. These programs should allow plants to focus limited resources on those locations where damage mechanisms are active and consequences are high. This will provide for efficient use of plants resources and improve safety.

Lance, J.J.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

2004 Power Marketing Plan - Base Resource Overview  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contract Overview Contract Overview 08/16/00 1 of 3 2004 Power Marketing Plan Base Resource Contract Overview The following summarizes the main provisions of the Base Resource Contract: Section 4 (Termination of amendment for right to purchase after 2004): * Terminates the existing contract amendments that provide for a customer's right to purchase power from Western after 2004. Execution of the Base Resource contract sustains a customer's right to purchase after 2004. Section 5 (Effective date and term of contract): Provides for: * Base Resource contracts to be effective upon execution by Western. * Base Resource contracts to remain in effect until December 31, 2024, subject to prior termination. * Service to begin under the Base Resource contract on January 1, 2005. Section 7 (Base Resource estimates and availability forecast):

433

Plasma heating and hot ion sustaining in mirror based hybrids  

SciTech Connect

Possibilities of plasma heating and sloshing ion sustaining in mirror based hybrids are briefly reviewed. Sloshing ions, i.e. energetic ions with a velocity distribution concentrated to a certain pitch-angle, play an important role in plasma confinement and generation of fusion neutrons in mirror machines. Neutral beam injection (NBI) is first discussed as a method to generate sloshing ions. Numerical results of NBI modeling for a stellarator-mirror hybrid are analyzed. The sloshing ions could alternatively be sustained by RF heating. Fast wave heating schemes, i.e. magnetic beach, minority and second harmonic heating, are addressed and their similarities and differences are described. Characteristic features of wave propagation in mirror hybrid devices including both fundamental harmonic minority and second harmonic heating are examined. Minority heating is efficient for a wide range of minority concentration and plasma densities; it allows one to place the antenna aside from the hot ion location. A simple-design strap antenna suitable for this has good performance. However, this scenario is appropriate only for light minority ions. The second harmonic heating can be applied for the heavy ion component. Arrangements are similar for minority and second harmonic heating. The efficiency of second harmonic heating is influenced by a weaker wave damping than for minority heating. Numerical calculations show that in a hybrid reactor scaled mirror machine the deuterium sloshing ions could be heated within the minority heating scheme, while the tritium ions could be sustained by second harmonic heating.

Moiseenko, V. E.; Agren, O. [Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center 'Kharkiv Institute of Physics and Technology', Akademichna St. 1, 61108 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Uppsala University, Angstroem Laboratory, Division of Electricity, Box 534, SE-75121 Uppsala (Sweden)

2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

434

A graph-based network-vulnerability analysis system  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a graph-based approach to network vulnerability analysis. The method is flexible, allowing analysis of attacks from both outside and inside the network. It can analyze risks to a specific network asset, or examine the universe of possible consequences following a successful attack. The analysis system requires as input a database of common attacks, broken into atomic steps, specific network configuration and topology information, and an attacker profile. The attack information is matched with the network configuration information and an attacker profile to create a superset attack graph. Nodes identify a stage of attack, for example the class of machines the attacker has accessed and the user privilege level he or she has compromised. The arcs in the attack graph represent attacks or stages of attacks. By assigning probabilities of success on the arcs or costs representing level-of-effort for the attacker, various graph algorithms such as shortest-path algorithms can identify the attack paths with the highest probability of success.

Swiler, L.P.; Phillips, C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gaylor, T. [3M, Austin, TX (United States). Visual Systems Div.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

A graph-based network-vulnerability analysis system  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a graph based approach to network vulnerability analysis. The method is flexible, allowing analysis of attacks from both outside and inside the network. It can analyze risks to a specific network asset, or examine the universe of possible consequences following a successful attack. The analysis system requires as input a database of common attacks, broken into atomic steps, specific network configuration and topology information, and an attacker profile. The attack information is matched with the network configuration information and an attacker profile to create a superset attack graph. Nodes identify a stage of attack, for example the class of machines the attacker has accessed and the user privilege level he or she has compromised. The arcs in the attack graph represent attacks or stages of attacks. By assigning probabilities of success on the arcs or costs representing level of effort for the attacker, various graph algorithms such as shortest path algorithms can identify the attack paths with the highest probability of success.

Swiler, L.P.; Phillips, C.; Gaylor, T.

1998-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

436

Cooperative UAV-Based Communications Backbone for Sensor Networks  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to investigate the use of unmanned air vehicles (UAVs) as mobile, adaptive communications backbones for ground-based sensor networks. In this type of network, the UAVs provide communication connectivity to sensors that cannot communicate with each other because of terrain, distance, or other geographical constraints. In these situations, UAVs provide a vertical communication path for the sensors, thereby mitigating geographic obstacles often imposed on networks. With the proper use of UAVs, connectivity to a widely disbursed sensor network in rugged terrain is readily achieved. Our investigation has focused on networks where multiple cooperating UAVs are used to form a network backbone. The advantage of using multiple UAVs to form the network backbone is parallelization of sensor connectivity. Many widely spaced or isolated sensors can be connected to the network at once using this approach. In these networks, the UAVs logically partition the sensor network into sub-networks (subnets), with one UAV assigned per subnet. Partitioning the network into subnets allows the UAVs to service sensors in parallel thereby decreasing the sensor-to-network connectivity. A UAV services sensors in its subnet by flying a route (path) through the subnet, uplinking data collected by the sensors, and forwarding the data to a ground station. An additional advantage of using multiple UAVs in the network is that they provide redundancy in the communications backbone, so that the failure of a single UAV does not necessarily imply the loss of the network.

Roberts, R S

2001-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

437

Ultrasonic wave-based structural health monitoring embedded instrument  

SciTech Connect

Piezoelectric sensors and actuators are the bridge between electronic and mechanical systems in structures. This type of sensor is a key element in the integrity monitoring of aeronautic structures, bridges, pressure vessels, wind turbine blades, and gas pipelines. In this paper, an all-in-one system for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) based on ultrasonic waves is presented, called Phased Array Monitoring for Enhanced Life Assessment. This integrated instrument is able to generate excitation signals that are sent through piezoelectric actuators, acquire the received signals in the piezoelectric sensors, and carry out signal processing to check the health of structures. To accomplish this task, the instrument uses a piezoelectric phased-array transducer that performs the actuation and sensing of the signals. The flexibility and strength of the instrument allow the user to develop and implement a substantial part of the SHM technique using Lamb waves. The entire system is controlled using configuration software and has been validated through functional, electrical loading, mechanical loading, and thermal loading resistance tests.

Aranguren, G.; Monje, P. M., E-mail: pedromaria.monje@ehu.es [Electronic Design Group, Faculty of Engineering of Bilbao, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao (Spain); Cokonaj, Valerijan [AERnnova Engineering Solutions Ibrica S.A., Madrid (Spain)] [AERnnova Engineering Solutions Ibrica S.A., Madrid (Spain); Barrera, Eduardo; Ruiz, Mariano [Instrumentation and Applied Acoustic Research Group of the Technical University of Madrid, Madrid (Spain)] [Instrumentation and Applied Acoustic Research Group of the Technical University of Madrid, Madrid (Spain)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

A neural network based model for urban noise prediction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Noise is a global problem. In 1972 the World Health Organization (WHO) classified noise as a pollutant. Since then most industrialized countries have enacted laws and local regulations to prevent and reduce acoustic environmental pollution. A further aim is to alert people to the dangers of this type of pollution. In this context urban planners need to have tools that allow them to evaluate the degree of acoustic pollution. Scientists in many countries have modeled urban noise using a wide range of approaches but their results have not been as good as expected. This paper describes a model developed for the prediction of environmental urban noise using Soft Computing techniques namely Artificial Neural Networks (ANN). The model is based on the analysis of variables regarded as influential by experts in the field and was applied to data collected on different types of streets. The results were compared to those obtained with other models. The study found that the ANN system was able to predict urban noise with greater accuracy and thus was an improvement over those models. The principal component analysis (PCA) was also used to try to simplify the model. Although there was a slight decline in the accuracy of the results the values obtained were also quite acceptable.

N. Genaro; A. Torija; A. Ramos-Ridao; I. Requena; D. P. Ruiz; M. Zamorano

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Molecular architectures based on pi-conjugated block copolymers for global quantum computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a molecular setup for the physical implementation of a barrier global quantum computation scheme based on the electron-doped pi-conjugated copolymer architecture of nine blocks PPP-PDA-PPP-PA-(CCH-acene)-PA-PPP-PDA-PPP (where each block is an oligomer). The physical carriers of information are electrons coupled through the Coulomb interaction, and the building block of the computing architecture is composed by three adjacent qubit systems in a quasi-linear arrangement, each of them allowing qubit storage, but with the central qubit exhibiting a third accessible state of electronic energy far away from that of the qubits' transition energy. The third state is reached from one of the computational states by means of an on-resonance coherent laser field, and acts as a barrier mechanism for the direct control of qubit entanglement. Initial estimations of the spontaneous emission decay rates associated to the energy level structure allow us to compute a damping rate of order 10^{-7} s, which suggest a not so strong coupling to the environment. Our results offer an all-optical, scalable, proposal for global quantum computing based on semiconducting pi-conjugated polymers.

Cesar A. Mujica Martinez; Julio C. Arce; John H. Reina; Michael Thorwart

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

AN ONTOLOGY-BASED METHOD FOR QUALITY ASSESMENT OF SPATIAL DATA BASES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AN ONTOLOGY-BASED METHOD FOR QUALITY ASSESMENT OF SPATIAL DATA BASES Mir Abolfazl Mostafavi1 for the quality assessment of spatial data bases in both ontological and data levels. Key Words Logical consistency, quality, ontology, spatial data bases, Prolog, AI. #12;1. Introduction The widespread use

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Experiences in Building an Object-Based Storage System based on the OSD T-10 Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiences in Building an Object-Based Storage System based on the OSD T-10 Standard David Du and management costs, object based storage is on the verge of becoming the next standard storage interface. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) ratified the object based stor- age interface standard (also

Minnesota, University of

442

Experiences Building an Object-Based Storage System based on the OSD T-10 Standard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experiences Building an Object-Based Storage System based on the OSD T-10 Standard David Du costs, object based storage is on the verge of becoming the next standard storage interface. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) ratified the object based stor- age interface standard (also

Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

443

Agent-based health care management An Agent-based Approach to Health Care Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agent-based health care management 1 An Agent-based Approach to Health Care Management Jun Huang1, London WC2A 3PX, UK. Abbreviated title: Agent-based health care management Complete Mailing Address. London E1 4NS UK #12;Agent-based health care management 2 Abstract The provision of medical care

Mascardi, Viviana

444

Data base dictionary for the Oak Ridge Reservation Hydrology and Geology Study Groundwater Data Base  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge Reservation Hydrology and Geology Study (ORRHAGS) Groundwater Data Base has been compiled to consolidate groundwater data from the three US Department of Energy facilities located on the Oak Ridge Reservation: the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. Each of these facilities maintains its own groundwater and well construction data bases. Data were extracted from the existing data bases, converted to a consistent format, and integrated into the ORRHAGS Groundwater Data Base structures. This data base dictionary describes the data contained in the ORRHAGS Groundwater Data Base and contains information on data base structure, conventions, contents, and use.

Thompson, B.K.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Amorphous Silicon Based Neutron Detector  

SciTech Connect

Various large-scale neutron sources already build or to be constructed, are important for materials research and life science research. For all these neutron sources, neutron detectors are very important aspect. However, there is a lack of a high-performance and low-cost neutron beam monitor that provides time and temporal resolution. The objective of this SBIR Phase I research, collaboratively performed by Midwest Optoelectronics, LLC (MWOE), the University of Toledo (UT) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), is to demonstrate the feasibility for amorphous silicon based neutron beam monitors that are pixilated, reliable, durable, fully packaged, and fabricated with high yield using low-cost method. During the Phase I effort, work as been focused in the following areas: 1) Deposition of high quality, low-defect-density, low-stress a-Si films using very high frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (VHF PECVD) at high deposition rate and with low device shunting; 2) Fabrication of Si/SiO2/metal/p/i/n/metal/n/i/p/metal/SiO2/ device for the detection of alpha particles which are daughter particles of neutrons through appropriate nuclear reactions; and 3) Testing of various devices fabricated for alpha and neutron detection; As the main results: High quality, low-defect-density, low-stress a-Si films have been successfully deposited using VHF PECVD on various low-cost substrates; Various single-junction and double junction detector devices have been fabricated; The detector devices fabricated have been systematically tested and analyzed. Some of the fabricated devices are found to successfully detect alpha particles. Further research is required to bring this Phase I work beyond the feasibility demonstration toward the final prototype devices. The success of this project will lead to a high-performance, low-cost, X-Y pixilated neutron beam monitor that could be used in all of the neutron facilities worldwide. In addition, the technologies developed here could be used to develop X-ray and neutron monitors that could be used in the future for security checks at the airports and other critical facilities. The project would lead to devices that could significantly enhance the performance of multi-billion dollar neutron source facilities in the US and bring our nation to the forefront of neutron beam sciences and technologies which have enormous impact to materials, life science and military research and applications.

Xu, Liwei

2004-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

446

Method for rapid base sequencing in DNA and RNA with two base labeling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method for rapid-base sequencing in DNA and RNA with two-base labeling and employing fluorescent detection of single molecules at two wavelengths. Bases modified to accept fluorescent labels are used to replicate a single DNA or RNA strand to be sequenced. The bases are then sequentially cleaved from the replicated strand, excited with a chosen spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, and the fluorescence from individual, tagged bases detected in the order of cleavage from the strand.

Jett, James H. (Los Alamos, NM); Keller, Richard A. (Los Alamos, NM); Martin, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Posner, Richard G. (Los Alamos, NM); Marrone, Babetta L. (Los Alamos, NM); Hammond, Mark L. (Los Alamos, NM); Simpson, Daniel J. (Los Alamos, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Method for rapid base sequencing in DNA and RNA with two base labeling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for rapid-base sequencing in DNA and RNA with two-base labeling and employing fluorescent detection of single molecules at two wavelengths. Bases modified to accept fluorescent labels are used to replicate a single DNA or RNA strand to be sequenced. The bases are then sequentially cleaved from the replicated strand, excited with a chosen spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, and the fluorescence from individual, tagged bases detected in the order of cleavage from the strand. 4 figures.

Jett, J.H.; Keller, R.A.; Martin, J.C.; Posner, R.G.; Marrone, B.L.; Hammond, M.L.; Simpson, D.J.

1995-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

448

Performance-Based Culture | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-Based Culture Performance-Based Culture Performance-Based Culture Performance-Based Culture In the Spring of 2012, DOE launched and initiative to improve our Performance-Based Culture. A key element of this effort is the Department's participation in the government wide performance management initiative focused on Goals-Engagement-Accountability-Results (GEAR). According to GEAR the five recommendations to create high-performing organizations that are aligned, accountable, and focused on results are: Articulate a high performance culture Align employee performance management with organizational performance management Implement accountability at all levels Create a culture of engagement Improve the assessment, selection, development and training of supervisors To find out how our organization is supporting Performance-Based Culture

449

A Nanomembrane-Based Bandgap-Tunable Germanium Microdisk Using Lithographically-Customizable Biaxial Strain for Silicon-Compatible Optoelectronics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strain engineering has proven to be vital for germanium-based photonics, in particular light emission. However, applying a large permanent biaxial strain to germanium has been a challenge. We present a simple, CMOS-compatible technique to conveniently induce a large, spatially homogenous strain in microdisks patterned within ultrathin germanium nanomembranes. Our technique works by concentrating and amplifying a pre-existing small strain into the microdisk region. Biaxial strains as large as 1.11% are observed by Raman spectroscopy and are further confirmed by photoluminescence measurements, which show enhanced and redshifted light emission from the strained microdisks. Our technique allows the amount of biaxial strain to be customized lithographically, allowing the bandgaps of different microdisks to be independently tuned in a single mask process. Our theoretical calculations show that this platform can deliver substantial performance improvements, including a >200x reduction in the lasing threshold, to bia...

Sukhdeo, David S; Kang, Ju-Hyung; Brongersma, Mark L; Saraswat, Krishna C

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Trace analysis of atmospheric organic bases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

analysis of atmospheric organic bases were investigated; the study included (1) the analysis of submarine charcoal filter bed samples for nitrogen bases and (2) the use of metallic tetraphenylporphines (TPP) as specific adsorbents for atmospheric... gas chromatography (GC) and GC-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The isolation procedure provided acceptable reproducibi lity in the determination of trace amounts of nitrogen bases in the submarine environment. Several metallic TPP adsorbents were...

Clark, Dwayne C.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Stationary phase deposition based on onium salts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Onium salt chemistry can be used to deposit very uniform thickness stationary phases on the wall of a gas chromatography column. In particular, the stationary phase can be bonded to non-silicon based columns, especially microfabricated metal columns. Non-silicon microfabricated columns may be manufactured and processed at a fraction of the cost of silicon-based columns. In addition, the method can be used to phase-coat conventional capillary columns or silicon-based microfabricated columns.

Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Lewis, Patrick R. (Albuquerque, NM); Dirk, Shawn M. (Albuquerque, NM); Trudell, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A Robot-Based Platform to Measure Multiple Enzyme Activities in Arabidopsis Using a Set of Cycling Assays: Comparison of Changes of Enzyme Activities and Transcript Levels during Diurnal Cycles and in Prolonged Darkness  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Biologists RESEARCH ARTICLE RESEARCH ARTICLES A Robot-Based Platform to Measure Multiple Enzyme...existing protocols to microplates and using robots (Ashour et al., 1987; Kiianitsa et...increased fivefold by a four-tip pipetting robot, allowing, for example, three to four...

Yves Gibon; Oliver E. Blaesing; Jan Hannemann; Petronia Carillo; Melanie Höhne; Janneke H.M. Hendriks; Natalia Palacios; Joanna Cross; Joachim Selbig; Mark Stitt

2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

453

Property:BasedNear | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BasedNear BasedNear Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Page. It is equivalent to the well-known foaf:based_near property. Pages using the property "BasedNear" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Aaronbeach + Denver, Colorado + Andrruban + Ukraine + Arondobos + Denver, Colorado + B Bbush + Boulder, Colorado + C Calpak + Athens, Greece + Cjauzenne + Golden, Colorado + Cwebber + Golden, Colorado + D DWC Bot + Chicago, Illinois + Dbowers + Denver, Colorado + Dbrodt + Golden, Colorado + Dmulcahy + Chapel Hill, North Carolina + E Elainethale + Golden, Colorado + Enaname + San Diego County, California + Enitz + Erie, Colorado + Enviroenergy2005 + New Delhi, India + Ewilson + Golden, Colorado + G Graham7781 + Denver, Colorado +

454

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL Brad Zigler (PI) with Robb Barnitt, Greg Bogin, Wendy Clark, John Ireland, Doug Lawson, Jon Luecke, Dan Pedersen, Matt Ratcliff, and Matt...

455

Colorado's Hydrothermal Resource Base - An Assessment | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrothermal Resource Base - An Assessment Author Richard Howard Pearl Published Colorado Geological Survey in Cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy, 1979 Report...

456

Thermoelectric Fabrics? based on carbon nanotube composites...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

based on carbon nanotube composites Composite films of multi-walled carbon nanotubespolyvinylidene fluoride layered into multiple element modules, results in...

457

A cell nanoinjector based on carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on carbon nanotubes Xing Chen *|| , Andras Kis || ,that uses carbon nanotubes to deliver cargo into cells. Astrength (2, 3), carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are ideal nanoscale

Chen, Xing; Kis, Andras; Zettl, Alex; Bertozzi, Carolyn R.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

FAQS Reference Guide General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

459

Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation covers the Ellsworth Air Force Base Advanced Metering project and is given at the Spring 2010 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting in Providence, Rhode Island.

460

Enzyme Nanoparticles-Based Electronic Biosensor. | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

method for fabricating electronic biosensors based on coupling enzyme nanoparticles and self assembly technology is illustrated. Redox horseradish peroxidase nanoparticles were...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

AN AUGMENTED LAGRANGIAN BASED ALGORITHM FOR ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Let the functions fi and hi be twice continuously differentiable with the fis being strictly convex and the his being convex. If Algorithm 2 is based on constraint...

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

462

Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Rollout...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Rollout Scenario Analysis Geographically Based Hydrogen Demand and Infrastructure Rollout Scenario Analysis Presentation by Margo Melendez at the 2010-2025 Scenario Analysis for...

463

Paper-based Prototypes for EPR.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? With the development of information technology, Electronic Patient Record (EPR) is becoming more and more common in the healthcare area, comparing to traditional paper-based (more)

Jiang, Fan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Semidefinite Programming Based Algorithms for Sensor Network ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dept of Management Science and Engineering and by courtesy, Electrical Engineering,. Stanford University, yinyu-ye@stanford.edu. An SDP relaxation based...

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

465

Reviewing PSA-based analyses to modify technical specifications at nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

Changes to Technical Specifications (TSs) at nuclear power plants (NPPs) require review and approval by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC). Currently, many requests for changes to TSs use analyses that are based on a plant`s probabilistic safety assessment (PSA). This report presents an approach to reviewing such PSA-based submittals for changes to TSs. We discuss the basic objectives of reviewing a PSA-based submittal to modify NPP TSs; the methodology of reviewing a TS submittal, and the differing roles of a PSA review, a PSA Computer Code review, and a review of a TS submittal. To illustrate this approach, we discuss our review of changes to allowed outage time (AOT) and surveillance test interval (STI) in the TS for the South Texas Project Nuclear Generating Station. Based on this experience gained, a check-list of items is given for future reviewers; it can be used to verify that the submittal contains sufficient information, and also that the review has addressed the relevant issues. Finally, recommended steps in the review process and the expected findings of each step are discussed.

Samanta, P.K.; Martinez-Guridi, G. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Vesely, W.E. [Science Applications International Corporation, Dublin, OH (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Estimating Part Tolerance Bounds Based on Adaptive Cloud-Based Grasp Planning with Slip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-slip push grasps, which can be rapidly evaluated without simulation. In [21], we restricted the class-grasps allowing slip that can enhance part alignment for parts that can be modeled as extruded polygons. The grasp. INTRODUCTION One of the primary focuses of automation is ensuring qual- ity and reliability through structured

Goldberg, Ken

467

WEB-BASED AFFILIATION MATCHING (Research Paper)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEB-BASED AFFILIATION MATCHING (Research Paper) David Aumueller, Erhard Rahm University of Leipzig or not they match. For affiliation matching we investigate web based similarity measures utilizing the cognitive in the result sets of affiliation web searches overlap. We evaluate the effectiveness of affiliation matching

Schüler, Axel

468

Sketch-based pipeline for mass customization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a novel application workflow to physically produce personalized objects by relying on the sketch-based input metaphor. This is achieved by combining different sketch-based retrieval and modeling aspects and optimizing the output for 3D printing ...

Kristian Hildebrand; Marc Alexa

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Mobile Device Guide Google Android based devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobile Device Guide ­ Google Android based devices CSUF Date Last Revised: 1/20/11 Page 1 of 3;Mobile Device Guide ­ Google Android based devices CSUF Date Last Revised: 1/20/11 Page 2 of 3 2. Under' with your campus username and enter your password (case sensitive). 4. Tap `next'. #12;Mobile Device Guide

de Lijser, Peter

470

Using Web-Based Technology in Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Web-Based Technology in Laboratory Instruction to Reduce Costs RITA M. POWELL,1 HELEN curriculum while reducing their costs through the application of web-based teaching tools. The project.interscience. wiley.com.); DOI 10.1002/cae.10029 Keywords: engineering education; laboratory materials; World Wide Web

Plotkin, Joshua B.

471

TEMPLATE-BASED HIRE QUICK REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

above, contact the HR Help Desk at 220-5932. Other Job Aids and Quick Reference Guides (QRG) Refer to the following job aids and QRGs on the HR website under Administrators --> Tools and Resources for extra help the Template-Based Hire for approval. If you need help with editing your Template-Based Hire or with the steps

Calgary, University of

472

Procedure Based Help Desk System Akira Takano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tools for help desk systems have become available [1]. When a help desk system is developed by usingProcedure Based Help Desk System Akira Takano Information Technology R&D Center Mitsubishi Electric kanae@isl.melco.co.jp ABSTRACT In this paper, we describe an outline of "Procedure based help desk

473

Policy-Based Authorization William R. Cook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Page 1 Policy-Based Authorization William R. Cook Department of Computer Sciences University of Texas at Austin Abstract This paper discusses policy-based authorization, an effective intermediate point between MAC and DAC that promises to combine the best features of both models. Policy

Cook, William R.

474

Matlab-based Optimization Basic Capabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matlab-based Optimization Basic Capabilities Gene Cliff (AOE/ICAM - ecliff@vt.edu ) 3:00pm - 4:45pm: Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics 1 / 28 #12;Matlab-based Optimization Introduction & function functions fminbnd fminsearch lsqnonneg fzero 2 / 28 #12;INTRO: Basic Matlab provides several functions

Crawford, T. Daniel

475

Standardization in Technology-Based Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standardization in Technology-Based Markets Gregory Tassey Senior Economist National Institute of Standards and Technology (gtassey@nist.gov) June 1999 [Forthcoming in Research Policy] #12;Standardization in Technology-Based Markets Gregory Tassey1 Senior Economist, National Institute of Standards and Technology

476

ELECTROPLATING-BASED APPROACHES TO VOLUMETRIC NANOMANUFACTURING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-surface-area MEMS-based electrolytic capacitors [2]; and high-current zinc-air micro-batteries [3], demonstrating-based volumetric nanomanufacturing to create highly-structured multilayer metallic materials, with precisely. The fabrication relies on automated and repeated multilayer electrodepositions of multiple metallic materials

477

Lifetime-based TCP service differentiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a lifetime-based differentiation framework for TCP flows. The separation into two classes is based on a threshold technique. We introduce a scheme, FairShare, that handles the long-lived flows and achieves global max-min fairness. The short-lived ... Keywords: Active queue management, Bandwidth allocation, Fairness, TCP

I. Nikolaidis; X. Wu

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Point-based multiscale surface representation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this article we present a new multiscale surface representation based on point samples. Given an unstructured point cloud as input, our method first computes a series of point-based surface approximations at successively higher levels of smoothness, ... Keywords: Surface representations, geometric modeling, morphing, scale space, shape modeling, spectral filtering

Mark Pauly; Leif P. Kobbelt; Markus Gross

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

LIRMM UM II Component based Software Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 LIRMM UM II Component based Software Architecture of Robot Controllers R. Passama, D. Andreu, C component approaches and robot control architectures. This methodology defines a process that guides architecture, useful for analysis and integration, and a dedicated component-based language, focusing

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

480

Synthesis Method for Hierarchical Interface-based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthesis Method for Hierarchical Interface-based Supervisory Control Version 1.01 By Pengcheng DaiMaster University c Copyright by Pengcheng Dai, April 2006 #12;MASTER OF APPLIED SCIENCE(2006) McMaster University-based Supervisory Control AUTHOR: Pengcheng Dai, B.Eng.(Tianjin University) SUPERVISOR: Dr. Ryan J. Leduc NUMBER

Leduc, Ryan

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Alcohol-based fuels from syngases  

SciTech Connect

Development of catalysts and reactor systems for producing alcohol-based fuels from coal-derived synthesis gases is outlined. Also, utilization of alcohol-based fuels either as gasoline blending stocks at 10-20% addition rates or as straight-run fuels is discussed. (Refs. 4).

Greene, M.I.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Genomics-based drug discovery venture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Genomics-based drug discovery venture ... The Cambridge, Mass.-based company calls its DiscoverEase program "functional genomics"designed to isolate and rapidly determine not only genes but also the related functions of critical proteins. ... Other genomics programs sequence vast amounts of human genetic information. ...

ANN THAYER

1996-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

483

Time-of-Flight camera based 3D point cloud reconstruction of a car  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modern car wash systems are generally controlled by light barriers and power measurement sensors. These sensors are directly mounted on the movable parts of the system which result in a slow regulation, leading to non-optimal performance, e.g. in terms of energy, water and detergent consumption or regarding the quality of the result. This paper presents an alternative approach, based on online automatic acquisition of 3D vehicle models, thus allowing for an a priori optimization of the washing process in order to achieve a better overall performance of the car wash system. Technically, the approach uses merged and synchronized data acquired by a multiple Time-of-Flight (ToF) camera setup. The proposed processing concept handles the range data sets acquired online, and performs data preprocessing, registration and fusion, as well as geometry extraction. The realized system is based on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) in order to achieve a sufficient temporal processing performance. Furthermore, details are given showing how to solve the main challenges related to point cloud data processing, especially due to low image resolution, the influences of specific environment conditions, e.g. variations in coating and material reflectivity. The data registration is twofold, on the one hand the multiple ToF images are registered using the pre-calibrated camera system (extrinsic parameters), whereas the inter-frame registration is performed using a point-to-plane based iterative closest point (ICP) on the other hand. Finally, the merged data is integrated in a GPU data structure to allow a fast and efficient 3D point cloud reconstruction.

Thomas Hoegg; Damien Lefloch; Andreas Kolb

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers  

SciTech Connect

China has had an active program on energy efficiency standards for household appliances since the mid-1990s. Rice cooker is among the first to be subject to such mandatory regulation, since it is one of the most prevalent electric appliances in Chinese households. Since first introduced in 1989, the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers has not been revised. Therefore, the potential for energy saving is considerable. Initial analysis from CNIS indicates that potential carbon savings is likely to reach 7.6 million tons of CO2 by the 10th year of the standard implementation. Since September 2007, CNIS has been working with various groups to develop the new standard for rice cookers. With The Energy Foundation's support, LBNL has assisted CNIS in the revision of the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers that is expected to be effective in 2009. Specifically, work has been in the following areas: assistance in developing consumer survey on usage pattern of rice cookers, review of international standards, review of international test procedures, comparison of the international standards and test procedures, and assessment of technical options of reducing energy use. This report particularly summarizes the findings of reviewing international standards and technical options of reducing energy consumption. The report consists of an overview of rice cooker standards and labeling programs and testing procedures in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, and Japan's case study in developing energy efficiency rice cooker technologies and rice cooker efficiency programs. The results from the analysis can be summarized as the follows: Hong Kong has a Voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling scheme for electric rice cookers initiated in 2001, with revision implemented in 2007; South Korea has both MEPS and Mandatory Energy Efficiency Label targeting the same category of rice cookers as Hong Kong; Thailand's voluntary endorsement labeling program is similar to Hong Kong in program design but has 5 efficiency grades; Japan's program is distinct in its adoption of the 'Top Runner' approach, in which, the future efficiency standards is set based on the efficiency levels of the most efficient product in the current domestic market. Although the standards are voluntary, penalties can still be evoked if the average efficiency target is not met. Both Hong Kong and South Korea's tests involve pouring water into the inner pot equal to 80% of its rated volume; however, white rice is used as a load for its tests in Hong Kong whereas no rice is used for tests in South Korea. In Japan's case, water level specified by the manufactures is used and milled rice is used as a load only partially in the tests. Moreover, Japan does not conduct heat efficiency test but its energy consumption measurements tests are much more complex, with 4 different tests are conducted to determine the annual average energy consumption. Hong Kong and Thailand both set Minimum Allowable Heat Efficiency for different rated wattages. The energy efficiency requirements are identical except that the minimum heat efficiency in Thailand is 1 percentage point higher for all rated power categories. In South Korea, MEPS and label's energy efficiency grades are determined by the rice cooker's Rated Energy Efficiency for induction, non-induction, pressure, nonpressure rice cookers. Japan's target standard values are set for electromagnetic induction heating products and non-electromagnetic induction heating products by different size of rice cookers. Specific formulas are used by type and size depending on the mass of water evaporation of the rice cookers. Japan has been the leading country in technology development of various types of rice cookers, and developed concrete energy efficiency standards for rice cookers. However, as consumers in Japan emphasize the deliciousness of cooked rice over other factors, many types of models were developed to improve the taste of cooked rice. Nonetheless, the efficiency of electromagnetic induction heating (IH) rice cook

Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED GAMMA GAMMA COLLIDERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LASER-PLASMA-ACCELERATOR-BASED ?? COLLIDERS ? C. B.linear col- lider based on laser-plasma-accelerators arediscussed, and a laser-plasma-accelerator-based gamma-

Schroeder, C. B.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Stipend-based Internships | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stipend-based Stipend-based Internships Stipend-based Internships In addition to our Federal intern programs, The Department of Energy also offers several fellowships and stipend-based internship opportunities. These stipend-based programs are temporary positions and do not lead to a permanent Federal position. They offer insight into how the agency works and an opportunity to be part of innovation and technology, as well as gain hands-on experience while networking with other professionals. Only here, at Energy, can you learn about other professional opportunities and continue your career in science and innovation. DOE Scholars Program Location: Nationwide The DOE Scholars Program provides opportunities for college students and recent graduates to gain first-hand experience and training in the fields

487

A Soil-Based Methodology for Locating Buried Early Prehistoric Cultural Deposits in Draws on the High Plains of Eastern Colorado and Western Kansas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through this long and sometimes difficult process. I would like to add additional thanks to Dr. Goodwin for allowing me to continue my career in Cultural Resource Management during my time at KU. My wife would like to thank him for that, too. My..., slope, aspect, and distance from fresh water. These archaeological predictive models are most effective when they are based on a large number of archaeological sites; the more examples used to build the model, the stronger the predictive capability...

West, Kristopher R.

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

488

Bench-scale Development of an Advanced Solid sorbent-based CO2 Capture Process for Coal-fired Power Plalnts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

scale Development of an scale Development of an Advanced Solid Sorbent-based CO 2 Capture Process for Coal-fired Power Plants Background The mission of the U.S. Department of Energy/National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL) Existing Plants, Emissions, & Capture (EPEC) Research & Development (R&D) Program is to develop innovative environmental control technologies to enable full use of the nation's vast coal reserves, while at the same time allowing the current

489

Web Services-Based Digital Library as a CSCL Space Using Case-Based Reasoning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study proposes a Web Services-based Digital Libraries (DLs) using Case-based Reasoning as a space for collaborative learning. In the Digital Library environment, cases were designed on the basis ... a role a...

Soo-Jin Jun; Sun-Gwan Han; Hae-Young Kim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Dielectrophoresis-Based Discrimination of Bacteria at the Strain Level Based on Their Surface Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insulator-based dielectrophoresis can be used to manipulate biological particles, but has thus far found limited practical applications due to low sensitivity. We present linear sweep three-dimensional insulator-based ...

Willner, Dana

491

Evaluation of an Interactive Case-based Online Network (ICON) in a Problem Based Learning Environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose...: This study sought to assess the introduction of a web-based innovation in medical education that complements traditional problem-based learning curricula. Utilizing the case method as...

Arif N. Nathoo; Patricia Goldhoff

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

SHM BASED SYSTEM DESIGN OFA WIND TURBINE TOWER USING A MODAL SENSITIVITY BASED BAYES DETECTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SHM BASED SYSTEM DESIGN OFA WIND TURBINE TOWER USING A MODAL SENSITIVITY BASED BAYES DETECTOR Mads of the NREL 5MW wind turbine tower subjected to bending fatigue and horizontal circumferential cracking

Boyer, Edmond

493

Selection of Polynomial Chaos Bases via Bayesian Model Uncertainty Methods with Applications to Sparse Approximation of PDEs with Stochastic Inputs  

SciTech Connect

Generalized polynomial chaos (gPC) expansions allow the representation of the solution of a stochastic system as a series of polynomial terms. The number of gPC terms increases dramatically with the dimension of the random input variables. When the number of the gPC terms is larger than that of the available samples, a scenario that often occurs if the evaluations of the system are expensive, the evaluation of the gPC expansion can be inaccurate due to over-fitting. We propose a fully Bayesian approach that allows for global recovery of the stochastic solution, both in spacial and random domains, by coupling Bayesian model uncertainty and regularization regression methods. It allows the evaluation of the PC coefficients on a grid of spacial points via (1) Bayesian model average or (2) medial probability model, and their construction as functions on the spacial domain via spline interpolation. The former accounts the model uncertainty and provides Bayes-optimal predictions; while the latter, additionally, provides a sparse representation of the solution by evaluating the expansion on a subset of dominating gPC bases when represented as a gPC expansion. Moreover, the method quantifies the importance of the gPC bases through inclusion probabilities. We design an MCMC sampler that evaluates all the unknown quantities without the need of ad-hoc techniques. The proposed method is suitable for, but not restricted to, problems whose stochastic solution is sparse at the stochastic level with respect to the gPC bases while the deterministic solver involved is expensive. We demonstrate the good performance of the proposed method and make comparisons with others on 1D, 14D and 40D in random space elliptic stochastic partial differential equations.

Karagiannis, Georgios; Lin, Guang

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Selection of polynomial chaos bases via Bayesian model uncertainty methods with applications to sparse approximation of PDEs with stochastic inputs  

SciTech Connect

Generalized polynomial chaos (gPC) expansions allow us to represent the solution of a stochastic system using a series of polynomial chaos basis functions. The number of gPC terms increases dramatically as the dimension of the random input variables increases. When the number of the gPC terms is larger than that of the available samples, a scenario that often occurs when the corresponding deterministic solver is computationally expensive, evaluation of the gPC expansion can be inaccurate due to over-fitting. We propose a fully Bayesian approach that allows for global recovery of the stochastic solutions, in both spatial and random domains, by coupling Bayesian model uncertainty and regularization regression methods. It allows the evaluation of the PC coefficients on a grid of spatial points, via (1) the Bayesian model average (BMA) or (2) the median probability model, and their construction as spatial functions on the spatial domain via spline interpolation. The former accounts for the model uncertainty and provides Bayes-optimal predictions; while the latter provides a sparse representation of the stochastic solutions by evaluating the expansion on a subset of dominating gPC bases. Moreover, the proposed methods quantify the importance of the gPC bases in the probabilistic sense through inclusion probabilities. We design a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampler that evaluates all the unknown quantities without the need of ad-hoc techniques. The proposed methods are suitable for, but not restricted to, problems whose stochastic solutions are sparse in the stochastic space with respect to the gPC bases while the deterministic solver involved is expensive. We demonstrate the accuracy and performance of the proposed methods and make comparisons with other approaches on solving elliptic SPDEs with 1-, 14- and 40-random dimensions.

Karagiannis, Georgios, E-mail: georgios.karagiannis@pnnl.gov; Lin, Guang, E-mail: guang.lin@pnnl.gov

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Environmental Analysis of the Coal-based Power Production with Amine-based Carbon Capture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Environmental Analysis of the Coal-based Power Production with Amine-based Carbon Capture J. To capture carbon dioxide from fossil fuel power plants and to store it in geological formations (CCS at the beginning. From an electricity generator's perspective the amine based carbon capture offers some advantages

496

WEB-BASED PPS 9.3 WEB-BASED PAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WEB-BASED PPS 9.3 WEB-BASED PAN 9.3--1 Payroll/Personnel System Web-Based PAN January 2010, University of California, Santa Cruz PPS User Manual Post Authorization Notification Functions (Web PAN) Note: This section covers web PAN features, but not general background or information about PAN. For detailed

Lee, Herbie

497

Hilbert Transform-Based Bearing Failure Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hilbert Transform-Based Bearing Failure Detection in DFIG-Based Wind Turbines Yassine Amirat1 and proactive maintenance of wind turbines assumes more importance with the increasing number of installed wind current sensors installed within the wind turbine generator. This paper describes then an approach based

Boyer, Edmond

498

An Ad-Hoc Workflow System Architecture Based on Mobile Agents and Rule-Based Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Ad-Hoc Workflow System Architecture Based on Mobile Agents and Rule-Based Processing Jie Meng opportunity (an e-business process). In this position paper, we argue that the ad-hoc workflow and mobile the architecture and implementation of a simple mobile-agent-based ad-hoc workflow system. Keywords: Ad-hoc

Helal, Abdelsalam

499

APPROXIMATE REASONING TO UNIFY NORM-BASED AND IMPLICATION-BASED FUZZY CONTROL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-based fuzzy control can be represented by a suitable fuzzy theory in fuzzy logic. This is achieved1 APPROXIMATE REASONING TO UNIFY NORM-BASED AND IMPLICATION-BASED FUZZY CONTROL by Giangiacomo. Abstract. In Gerla [2000] a fuzzy logic in narrow sense is proposed as a theoretical framework

Gerla, Giangiacomo

500

Knowledge Base Modelling Based on Linguistics and Founded R.P. van de Riet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Knowledge Base Modelling Based on Linguistics and Founded in Logic F.Dignum+ R.P. van de Riet Free University, Amsterdam ABSTRACT Knowledge Base Systems should in principle be able to store and manipulate any sort of knowledge, including vague (indefinite) knowledge, knowledge about events and obligations

Dignum, Frank