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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Design and performance of low-wattage electrical heater probe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mound electrical calibration heater (MECH) has been used in several EG and G Mound developed calorimeters as a calibration tool. They are very useful over the wattage range of a few to 500 W. At the lower end of the range, a bias develops between the MECH probe and calibrated heat standards. A low-wattage electrical calibration heater (L WECH) probe is being developed by the Safeguards Science and Technology group (NIS-5) of Los Alamos National Laboratory based upon a concept proposed by EG and G Mound personnel. The probe combines electrical resistive heating and laser-light powered heating. The LWECH probe is being developed for use with power settings up to 2W. The electrical heater will be used at the high end of the range, and laser-light power will be used low end of the wattage range. The system consists of two components: the heater probe and a control unit. The probe is inserted into the measuring cavity through an opening in the insulating baffle, and a sleeve is required to adapt to the measuring chamber. The probe is powered and controlled using electronics modules located separately. This paper will report on the design of the LWECH probe, initial tests, and expected performance.

Biddle, R.; Wetzel, J.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Cech, R. [Global Manufacturing Solutions, Inc., Miamisburg, OH (United States)

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Increasing TRUPACT-II wattage limits: two technical approaches  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

More than one-third of the drums in DOE`s TRU waste inventory cannot be presently shipped to WIPP in the TRUPACT-11 because they exceed the allowed limit of heat generation by virtue of radioactive decay. This limit was imposed to ensure that the amount of hydrogen generated by radiolysis does not achieve the lower explosive limit of hydrogen in air (5 percent v/v). Los Alamos is working to justify increasing these wattage limits: (1) by demonstrating that the phenomenon of matrix depletion greatly reduces the potential for hydrogen generation and (2) by investigating the use hydrogen getters to actively remove hydrogen from the headspace of the waste drums and/or the TRUPACT-11.

Mroz, E.J.; Leibman, C.; Kosiewicz, S.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Probabilistic Forecast Guidance for Severe Thunderstorms Based on the Identification of Extreme Phenomena in Convection-Allowing Model Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advent of convection-allowing NWP models (CAMs) comes the potential for new forms of forecast guidance. While CAMs lack the required resolution to simulate many severe phenomena associated with convection (e.g., large hail, downburst ...

Ryan A. Sobash; John S. Kain; David R. Bright; Andrew R. Dean; Michael C. Coniglio; Steven J. Weiss

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted arguments in the USELASTCOMMITTED session environment option in a SQL SET ENVIRONMENT statement

5

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides instructions for assembling the following CH packaging payload: Drum payload assembly Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP)

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2006-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

6

AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Jump to: navigation, search Name AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund Place New York, New York Zip 10170 Product AirShares is a commodity pool for exchange-traded futures contracts for EUAs. References AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund is a company located in New York, New York . References ↑ "AirShares EU Carbon Allowances Fund" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=AirShares_EU_Carbon_Allowances_Fund&oldid=341942" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes

7

Gas network model allows full reservoir coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The gas-network flow model (Gasnet) developed for and added to an existing Qatar General Petroleum Corp. (OGPC) in-house reservoir simulator, allows improved modeling of the interaction among the reservoir, wells, and pipeline networks. Gasnet is a three-phase model that is modified to handle gas-condensate systems. The numerical solution is based on a control volume scheme that uses the concept of cells and junctions, whereby pressure and phase densities are defined in cells, while phase flows are defined at junction links. The model features common numerical equations for the reservoir, the well, and the pipeline components and an efficient state-variable solution method in which all primary variables including phase flows are solved directly. Both steady-state and transient flow events can be simulated with the same tool. Three test cases show how the model runs. One case simulates flow redistribution in a simple two-branch gas network. The second simulates a horizontal gas well in a waterflooded gas reservoir. The third involves an export gas pipeline coupled to a producing reservoir.

Methnani, M.M. [Qatar General Petroleum Corp., Doha (Qatar)

1998-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

8

Phase II allowances allocations and an assessment of the allowance market in the west  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 establishes a unique {open_quotes}market-based{close_quotes} approach to reduce national electric utility sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) emissions during the next century by about 10 million tons/year below the corresponding level in 1980. This program is designed to provide utility operators with the flexibility to achieve the applicable SO{sub 2} emissions limitations (total tons) using the most cost-effective approach. However, in reality, it is unlikely that many utility operators would have such operational flexibility, especially in the case of plants located in the Western United States. This is due to the fact that these sources may also be subject to other more stringent provisions of the Act, such as to protect public health and visibility, which override the Title IV provisions. This paper examines the Phase II allowance allocations for the utility units located in the 11 western states and assesses the potential impacts of the current federal/state air quality regulatory programs on the allowance market in the West. This analysis shows that, even after accounting for the projected population growth and the accompanying growth in electric power demand during the next decade, the West should have a surplus of allowances, especially if new regulations are initiated to further reduce SO{sub 2} emissions, mainly for the purposes of improving visibility in Western Class I areas. 17 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

Mathai, C.V. [Arizona Public Service Co., Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

The use of the SO[sub 2] allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO[sub 2] emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO[sub 2] for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO[sub x] emission averaging, the utility would average NO[sub x] emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

The use of the SO{sub 2} allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO{sub 2} emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO{sub 2} for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO{sub x} emission averaging, the utility would average NO{sub x} emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) August 10, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Resume Distribution, authorizing Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company, Ltd. to resume distribution of eleven models of lamps. DOE had previously found certain Fuzhou products did not comport with the applicable energy conservation standards based on Fuzhou's testing. After determining that the original testing was not performed in accordance with DOE procedures, Fuzhou Sunlight provided new test data to DOE demonstrating that eleven models meet the applicable energy conservation standard when tested in accordance with DOE test procedures. Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402)

12

Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402) October 8, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Resume Distribution, authorizing Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting Electrical Appliance Company, Ltd. to resume distribution of one model of lamp. DOE had previously found certain Fuzhou products did not comport with the applicable energy conservation standards based on Fuzhou's testing. After determining that the original testing was not performed in accordance with DOE procedures, Fuzhou Sunlight provided new test data to DOE demonstrating that one model meets the applicable energy conservation standard when tested in accordance with DOE test procedures. Fuzhou Sunlight Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-1402)

13

Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) Leader Electronics: Notice of Allowance (2010-SE-2301) September 13, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Resume Distribution to Leader Electronics Inc., authorizing Leader Electronics to resume distribution of the external power supply model "MU03-F050040-A1(MU03-F1050-AKOS)". DOE had previously issued a Notice of Non-Compliance Determination based on test results submitted by Leader Electronics showing that certain models were noncompliant. After an internal review, Leader Electronics determined that the original test results reported to DOE were incorrect. Leader has submitted complete test data, which DOE has reviewed closely, and DOE has determined that the model complies with the applicable energy conservation

14

Expanding the Allowable TRUPACT-II Payload  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The partnership between the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) and the TRU and Mixed Waste Focus Area (TMFA) was rewarded when several long-term projects came to fruition. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) removed some of the conservatism in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) with their approval of Revision 19. The SARP strictly limits the payload constituents to ensure that hydrogen gas and other flammable volatile organic compounds (VOCs) don't build up to flammable/explosive levels while the transuranic (TRU) waste is sealed in the container during shipment. The CBFO/TMFA development program was based on laboratory experiments with surrogate waste materials, real waste experiments, and theoretical modeling that were used to justify payload expansion. Future work to expand the shipping envelope of the TRUPACT-II focuses on increasing the throughput through the waste certification process and reducing the waste operations costs by removing the need for a repackaging and/or treatment capability or reducing the size of the needed repackaging/treatment capability.

St Michel, Whitney Dorothea; Lott, Sheila

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Expanding the Allowable TRUPACT-II Payload  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The partnership between the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) and the TRU and Mixed Waste Focus Area (TMFA) was rewarded when several long-term projects came to fruition. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) removed some of the conservatism in the TRUPACT-II Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP) with their approval of Revision 19. The SARP strictly limits the payload constituents to ensure that hydrogen gas and other flammable volatile organic compounds (VOCs) don't build up to flammable/explosive levels while the transuranic (TRU) waste is sealed in the container during shipment. The CBFO/TMFA development program was based on laboratory experiments with surrogate waste materials, real waste experiments, and theoretical modeling that were used to justify payload expansion. Future work to expand the shipping envelope of the TRUPACT-II focuses on increasing the throughput through the waste certification process and reducing the waste operations costs by removing the need for a repack aging and/or treatment capability or reducing the size of the needed repackaging/treatment capability.

St. Michel, W. (INEEL); Lott, S. (LANL-Carlsbad Operations)

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

16

Westinghouse Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-CE-09/1001)...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Notice of Allowance (2010-CE-091001) Westinghouse Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-CE-091001) October 8, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to Westinghouse Lighting...

17

Westinghouse Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-CE-09/1001)...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Westinghouse Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-CE-091001) Westinghouse Lighting: Notice of Allowance (2010-CE-091001) August 5, 2010 DOE issued a Notice of Allowance to...

18

Zoe Industries - 150043 - Notice of Allowance.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DC 20585 DC 20585 ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2011-SW-2912 NOTICE OF ALLOWANCE TO RESUME DISTRIBUTION Issued: January 25, 2012 In the event that the Department of Energy ("DOE") determines that a basic model is not compliant with the applicable conservation standards, a manufacturer of the basic model may be allowed to resume distribution if the manufacturer modifies the basic model in such a manner as to make it comply with the applicable standards. See 10 C.P.R.§ 429.114(d). On September 28, 2011, DOE issued a Notice ofNoncompliance Determination to Zoe Industries, Inc. ("Zoe") based on DOE testing, which had demonstrated that a Giessdorf eight-jet basic model showerhead, SKU 150043 ("model150043''), manufactured by GiessdorfPlumbing,

19

Allowable pillar to diameter ratio for strategic petroleum reserve caverns.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compiles 3-D finite element analyses performed to evaluate the stability of Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) caverns over multiple leach cycles. When oil is withdrawn from a cavern in salt using freshwater, the cavern enlarges. As a result, the pillar separating caverns in the SPR fields is reduced over time due to usage of the reserve. The enlarged cavern diameters and smaller pillars reduce underground stability. Advances in geomechanics modeling enable the allowable pillar to diameter ratio (P/D) to be defined. Prior to such modeling capabilities, the allowable P/D was established as 1.78 based on some very limited experience in other cavern fields. While appropriate for 1980, the ratio conservatively limits the allowable number of oil drawdowns and hence limits the overall utility and life of the SPR cavern field. Analyses from all four cavern fields are evaluated along with operating experience gained over the past 30 years to define a new P/D for the reserve. A new ratio of 1.0 is recommended. This ratio is applicable only to existing SPR caverns.

Ehgartner, Brian L.; Park, Byoung Yoon

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

How are lighting exemptions and allowances shown in COMcheck...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guides eLearning Model Policies Glossary Related Links ACE Learning Series How are lighting exemptions and allowances shown in COMcheck? Exemptions and allowances for lighting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following CH packaging payload: Drum payload assembly Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP).

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

22

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following CH packaging payload: Drum payload assembly Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP).

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2005-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

23

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following contact-handled (CH) packaging payloads: - Drum payload assembly - Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly - Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP) In addition, this procedure also provides operating instructions for the TRUPACT-II CH waste packaging. This document also provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV preshipment leakage rate tests on the following packaging seals, using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test: - ICV upper main O-ring seal - ICV outer vent port plug O-ring seal - OCV upper main O-ring seal - OCV vent port plug O-ring seal.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2003-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

24

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following contact-handled (CH) packaging payloads: - Drum payload assembly - Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly - Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP) In addition, this procedure also provides operating instructions for the TRUPACT-II CH waste packaging. This document also provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV preshipment leakage rate tests on the following packaging seals, using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test: - ICV upper main O-ring seal - ICV outer vent port plug O-ring seal - OCV upper main O-ring seal - OCV vent port plug O-ring seal.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2002-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

25

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following contact-handled (CH) packaging payloads: - Drum payload assembly - Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly - Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP) In addition, this procedure also provides operating instructions for the TRUPACT-II CH waste packaging. This document also provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV preshipment leakage rate tests on the following packaging seals, using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test: - ICV upper main O-ring seal - ICV outer vent port plug O-ring seal - OCV upper main O-ring seal - OCV vent port plug O-ring seal.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2003-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

26

CH Packaging Operations for High Wattage Waste at LANL  

SciTech Connect

This procedure provides instructions for assembling the following contact-handled (CH) packaging payloads: - Drum payload assembly - Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly - Ten-Drum Overpack (TDOP) In addition, this procedure also provides operating instructions for the TRUPACT-II CH waste packaging. This document also provides instructions for performing ICV and OCV preshipment leakage rate tests on the following packaging seals, using a nondestructive helium (He) leak test: - ICV upper main O-ring seal - ICV outer vent port plug O-ring seal - OCV upper main O-ring seal - OCV vent port plug O-ring seal.

Washington TRU Solutions LLC

2003-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

27

Stadiums and arenas use efficient, high wattage lamps - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Tools; Glossary All Reports ... weather; gasoline; capacity; exports; nuclear; forecast; View All Tags ...

28

Stadiums and arenas use efficient, high wattage lamps - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other lighting types, such as light-emitting diode (LED), incandescent, and halogen lamps, are used in applications like signals, signage, ...

29

T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks September 7,...

30

New Guide Will Allow Electric Utilities to Develop Green ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Guide Will Allow Electric Utilities to Develop Green Button Web Tools. From NIST Tech Beat: February 6, 2013. ...

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

31

Allocating Allowances to Renewable Energy: Overview and Alternatives  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Allocating Allowances to Renewable Allocating Allowances to Renewable Energy: Overview and Alternatives Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. January 12, 2006 Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. 2 Overview Structure and operation of emission trading programs Why allocate to renewables Allowance allocation options Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. 3 Command and Control Programs Specific emission limit set for each plant. - Emission rate or technology requirement Each plant must meet specific limit. Total emissions can increase as new plants are built. Implementation and enforcement can be complicated. Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. 4 Allowance Trading Programs Establish emissions tonnage cap for group of affected sources. Distribute emission allowances equal to

32

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biofuels Production Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biofuels Production Land Use Allowance and Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

33

Temp-Controlled 'Nanopores' May Allow Detailed Blood ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... that flows through the pore, which allows us to measure ... so many similar molecules in the mix, it is ... absorb light and quickly convert its energy to heat ...

2013-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

34

Average prices for spot sulfur dioxide emissions allowances at ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The weighted average spot price for sulfur dioxide (SO 2) emissions allowances awarded to winning bidders at Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) annual auction on ...

35

Proposed Rules Would Allow Metric Only Labeling for Some ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the FPLA to allow manufacturers to label their products with US customary units (inch/pound/pint, etc.) and metric units (centimeter/kilogram/liter, etc ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

36

T-532: Vulnerability in Graphics Rendering Engine Could Allow...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Graphics Rendering Engine Could Allow Remote Code Execution. PLATFORM: Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008 ABSTRACT: Microsoft is...

37

U-034: Fraudulent Digital Certificates Could Allow Spoofing ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Addthis PROBLEM: Fraudulent Digital Certificates Could Allow Spoofing. PLATFORM: Windows XP Service Pack 3 Windows XP Professional x64 Edition Service Pack 2 Windows Server...

38

Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Allowance Allocation and Effects on the Electricity Sector Karen Palmer Resources for the Future of Earthweek #12;Allocation and Electricity · Prior cap-and-trade programs grandfather (GF) allowances on electricity markets depends on CO2 emissions rates · Different regional effect of GF on electricity markets

39

SO2 Compliance and Allowance Trading: Developments and Outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report takes a sharp look at specific questions about SO2 compliance under Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments. With several years of Phase I compliance behind us, what do we know about the allowance market and compliance costs? What factors will be in play between the present with its low allowance prices and the 2000-2005 period when uncertain fossil generation growth, drawdown of the allowance bank, and the prospect of major new environmental legislation could lead to very different fut...

1997-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

40

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Cooperation April 25, 2005 - 12:25pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - As part of the Bush administration's ongoing efforts to secure vulnerable nuclear materials worldwide, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Latvian Ministry of Environment signed an agreement today that will allow collaboration in nonproliferation and threat reduction areas. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Latvian Minister of Environment Raimonds Vejonis signed the agreement, which will provide for repatriation to Russia of Soviet/Russian-origin nuclear fuel from Latvia's shutdown research reactors at Salaspils; security enhancement of the reactor site

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

T-578: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure 8: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure T-578: Vulnerability in MHTML Could Allow Information Disclosure March 15, 2011 - 3:05pm Addthis PROBLEM: Microsoft Windows is prone to a vulnerability that may allow attackers to inject arbitrary script code into the current browser session. PLATFORM: Windows 2003 SP2, Vista SP2, 2008 SP2, XP SP3, 7; and prior service packs ABSTRACT: A vulnerability was reported in Microsoft MHTML. A remote user can conduct cross-site scripting attacks. reference LINKS: Microsoft Security Advisory (2501696) CVE-2011-0096 SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1025003 Bugtraq ID: 46055 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Moderate Discussion: The vulnerability exists due to the way MHTML interprets MIME-formatted requests for content blocks within a document. It is possible under certain

42

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - Rapid Beam-switching Allows...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rapid Beam-switching Allows SLAC X-ray Laser to Multitask By Glenn Roberts Jr. August 9, 2013 A high-energy SLAC laser that creates shock waves and superhot plasmas needs to cool...

43

A virtual corporation tackles SO[sub 2] allowance tracking  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in 1995, electric utilities will manage a new corporate asset, an SO[sub 2] emission allowance. The government's allowance program unleashed an accountability monster. How would utilities track thousands of allowance serial numbers They needed a software tool to oversee the myriad SO[sub 2] allowances they would receive from the EPA; provide decisionmaking information about allowance costs, year of issue, and usage; and generate the requisite reports -- but no computer solution existed. For 10 utilities and one software supplier, the way to tame the monster was to form a [open quotes]virtual corporation.[close quotes] The term describes a group of companies that unite to address a specific problem or opportunity. By forming an alliance, they can react to a problem. Electric Software Products (ESP), a developer of software for electric utilities, saw an opportunity to act as the facilitator and software developer for an alliance of Phase 1-affected utilities. The goal of the virtual corporation as seen by ESP was to develop a virtual product that could handle the nuances of tracking and reporting SO[sub 2] allowances. A virtual product is one that can be produced quickly and customized in response to customer demand. The virtual product resulting from the utility collaboration was named the Allowance Tracking Workstation[trademark] (ATW). Version 1.0 of the ATW is scheduled for release on May 27, 1994. Through the Development Group format, the ATW will be flexible enough to meet the changing needs of its customers, the electric utilities.

Plank, K.; Gloski, D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Novel Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Production Technologies Novel Tool Allows Quicker, More Versatile Analysis of Energy Production Technologies June 19, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A new energy production technology analysis tool that could lead to cost-effective improvements for energy generation and lower costs for consumers is now available on the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) website. Available at no cost, the Power Systems Life Cycle Analysis Tool (Power LCAT) compares seven energy-production technologies: natural gas combined cycle, integrated gasification combined cycle, existing and supercritical pulverized coal, existing and new nuclear, and onshore wind. An option for capturing and sequestering carbon dioxide emissions is also included for

45

T-565: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

65: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could 65: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow Elevation of PrivilegeVulnerability T-565: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow Elevation of PrivilegeVulnerability February 25, 2011 - 7:40am Addthis PROBLEM: Vulnerability in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Could Allow Elevation of PrivilegeVulnerability. PLATFORM: Microsoft Malware Protection Engine Last version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine affected by this vulnerability: Version 1.1.6502.0 This version is the last version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine that is affected by the vulnerability. First version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine with this vulnerability addressed:Version 1.1.6603.0 If the version of the Microsoft Malware Protection Engine is equal to or

46

Pressure vessel reliability as a function of allowable stress  

SciTech Connect

From Winter meeting of American Society of Mechanical Engineers; Detroit, Michigan, USA (11 Nov 1973). The probability of failure corresponding to specified levels of allowable design stress was calculated for pressure vessels designed in accordance with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The analysis was performed for maximum shear stress failure and for cyclic stress failure. The significance of such failure prediction is ddscussed and a rationale for selecting an allowable stress is presented. Examples are presented that demonstrate the estimation of vessel failure probability as a function of load variation, strength variation, and design safety factor. (auth)

Arnold, H.G.

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Can preapproval jump-start the allowance market  

SciTech Connect

With compliance deadlines approaching in three years, utility, environmental and financial planners and their regulators are in the process of grappling with the requirements imposed, and opportunities created, by the acid rain program established under Title 4 of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990. The novel element of the program - emissions or allowance trading through a nationwide allowance market - presents great challenges for utilities and their regulators. Perhaps the foremost challenge is establishing the allowance market. If state utility commissions subject utilities' compliance strategies to traditional after-the-fact prudence reviews, as tradition would impel them to do, the attendant regulatory risks are likely to push utilities toward more conservative compliance schemes that underuse allowance trading (as the exchange at the head of this article demonstrates). If that happens, the market will fail to develop, and its full potential for environmental benefit at least cost will go unrealized. This, in turn, is likely to strengthen the case for non-market regulatory mechanisms - a vicious circle. In this paper, the authors suggest a way out of this.

Dudek, D.J.; Goffman, J.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-62574 The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards Edward A. Holt Ed Holt & Associates, Inc. Ryan H. Wiser of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (Wind & Hydropower Technologies Program) of the U.S. Department

49

Novel transparent electrodes allow sustainable production of electronic devices  

SciTech Connect

A novel technique for fabricating inexpensive, transparent electrodes from common metals has been developed by engineers and scientists at Iowa State University and Ames Laboratory. They exhibit very high transparency and are very good electrical conductors. This is a combination of properties that is difficult to achieve with common materials. The most frequently used transparent electrode in today's high-technology devices (such as LCD screens) is indium tin oxide (ITO). While ITO performs well in these applications, the supply of indium is very limited. In addition, it is rapidly decreasing as consumer demand for flat-panel electronics is skyrocketing. According to a 2004 US Geological Survey report, as little as 14 years exploitation of known indium reserves remains. In addition to increasing prices, the dwindling supply of indium suggests its use is not sustainable for future generations of electronics enthusiasts. Solar cells represent another application where transparent electrodes are used. To make solar-energy collection economically feasible, all parts of solar photovoltaics must be made more efficient and cost-effective. Our novel transparent electrodes have the potential to do both. In addition, there is much interest in developing more efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly lighting. Incandescent light bulbs are very inefficient, because most of their energy consumption is wasted as heat. Fluorescent lighting is much more efficient but still uses mercury, an environmental toxin. An attractive alternative is offered by LEDs, which have very high efficiencies and long lifetimes, and do not contain mercury. If made bright enough, LED use for general lighting could provide a viable alternative. We have fabricated electrodes from more commonly available materials, using a technique that is cost effective and environmentally friendly. Most of today's electronic devices are made in specialized facilities equipped with low-particle-count clean-room facilities and multimillion-dollar equipment. On the other hand, the novel process we developed uses a method that makes use of polymer molds and standard deposition techniques in an ambient laboratory environment. The final structure consists of tall ribbons of metal (standing on edge) that are so thin that they do not block light but are very good conductors. The advantage of this design is that it avoids the competition between conductivity and transparency inherent in transparent oxide electrodes. By making the structure taller, conductivity can be increased without impacting transparency. We have measured both electrical conductivity and transparency for these structures. We performed two-wire electrical measurements to quantify the structures resistance using metal contacts deposited on each end. The total sample area was 4 x 4mm{sup 2}. We measured a resistance of structures with 40nm gold sidewalls of 7.3{Omega}, which is lower than that of ITO glass (which has a sheet resistance around 10O/square). We investigated the structures optical properties based on both specular- and total-transmission measurements. Specular transmission is measured by collecting the transmitted light at normal incidence, while total transmission is obtained by collecting transmitted light at normal incidence and diffracted light using an integrating sphere. Figure 3 shows the total transmission of a grating with 40nm gold or silver sidewalls on a glass substrate compared to that of ITO. Additionally, the transparency changes very little within 30{sup o} off normal incidence. This high visible-light transmission of our metal-patterned structures is very promising for their application as transparent electrodes, because most visible light was allowed to propagate through the patterned metallic/polymeric structures. Researchers in our group continue to refine the fabrication methods and are investigating methods to make large-scale structures for use in a variety of applications that require both transparency and high electrical conductivity. We are also applying these fab

Constant, Kristen

2010-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

50

Exascale Computing Allows Scientists to Approach New Class of Problems |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exascale Computing Allows Scientists to Approach New Class of Problems Exascale Computing Allows Scientists to Approach New Class of Problems By Gale Scott March 19, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One From left are Venkatramani Balaji, Jeroen Tromp, and Bill Tang at the Visualization Laboratory, created by the Princeton Institute for Computational Science and Engineering (PICSciE), in the Lewis Library on main campus. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications) From left are Venkatramani Balaji, Jeroen Tromp, and Bill Tang at the Visualization Laboratory, created by the Princeton Institute for Computational Science and Engineering (PICSciE), in the Lewis Library on main campus. Gallery: PPPL's Bill Tang with a computer simulation of plasma turbulence. (Photo by Elle Starkman, PPPL Office of Communications)

51

Impact of the allowance allocation on prices and efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than CCGTs. In the short-term, electricity prices are set by the marginal unit. The marginal units tend to be those consuming fossil fuels, and as such are always exposed to CO2 allowance prices. Therefore, the price of electricity can be expected... ). Variable costs of both plants are determined mainly by their marginal fuel costs. At present (June 2005), PC plants operate for more hours per year than 4 Even the US SO2 cap offered limited...

Neuhoff, Karsten; Grubb, Michael; Keats, Kim

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

52

Light bulb standards begin taking effect in 2012 - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On January 1, 2012, efficiency standards will start taking effect for brighter, higher-wattage general service bulbs. Based on its light output of ...

53

Closed surface system allows accurate monitoring of drilling returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acquiring production data and monitoring material balance through closed surface systems enhances underbalanced drilling operations by allowing real-time interpretation of the reservoir as it is drilled. One of the most important aspects of an underbalanced drilling operation is to be able to measure surface returns accurately and ensure that the operation remains underbalanced. To that end, the surface returns must be contained and carefully monitored to measure hydrocarbon production and separate all components. In a closed system, containment, separation, and measurement are all part of one process. Computers collect and analyze this information instantaneously to help the drillers maintain the proper underbalanced condition.

Whitehouse, G. [Western Rock Bit Co. Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada); Stefureak, P. [Norward Energy Services Corp., Calgary, Alberta (Canada)

1997-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Forecasting the market for SO sub 2 emission allowances under uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with the effects of uncertainty and risk aversion on market outcomes for SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices and on electric utility compliance choices. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA), which are briefly reviewed here, provide for about twice as many SO{sub 2} allowances to be issued per year in Phase 1 (1995--1999) than in Phase 2. Considering the scrubber incentives in Phase 1, there is likely to be substantial emission banking for use in Phase 2. Allowance prices are expected to increase over time at a rate less than the return on alternative investments, so utilities which are risk neutral, or potential speculators in the allowance market, are not expected to bank allowances. The allowances will be banked by utilities that are risk averse. The Argonne Utility Simulation Model (ARGUS2) is being revised to incorporate the provisions of the CAAA acid rain title and to simulate SO{sub 2} allowance prices, compliance choices, capacity expansion, system dispatch, fuel use, and emissions using a unit level data base and alternative scenario assumptions. 1 fig.

Hanson, D.; Molburg, J.; Fisher, R.; Boyd, G.; Pandola, G.; Lurie, G.; Taxon, T.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A two-period model of emission abatement and allowance banking under uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the effects of uncertainty and risk aversion on market outcomes for SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices and on electric utility compliance choices. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) provide about twice as many SO{sub 2} allowances to be issued per year in Phase I (1995--1999) than in Phase II. Also, considering the scrubber incentives in Phase I, there is likely to be substantial emission banking for use in Phase II. Allowance prices may increase over time at a rate less than the return on alternative investments with allowances being banked only by risk averse electric utilities. Speculators are likely to be willing to set allowances in forward markets, which will lower current market prices of allowances relative to a situation with only risk averse utilities in the market. The Argonne Utility Simulation Model (ARGUS2) is being revised to incorporate the provisions of the CAAA acid rain title and to simulate SO{sub 2} allowance prices, compliance choices, capacity expansion, system dispatch, fuel use, and emissions using a unit level data base and alternative scenario assumptions.

Hanson, D.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

A two-period model of emission abatement and allowance banking under uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the effects of uncertainty and risk aversion on market outcomes for SO{sub 2} emission allowance prices and on electric utility compliance choices. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) provide about twice as many SO{sub 2} allowances to be issued per year in Phase I (1995--1999) than in Phase II. Also, considering the scrubber incentives in Phase I, there is likely to be substantial emission banking for use in Phase II. Allowance prices may increase over time at a rate less than the return on alternative investments with allowances being banked only by risk averse electric utilities. Speculators are likely to be willing to set allowances in forward markets, which will lower current market prices of allowances relative to a situation with only risk averse utilities in the market. The Argonne Utility Simulation Model (ARGUS2) is being revised to incorporate the provisions of the CAAA acid rain title and to simulate SO{sub 2} allowance prices, compliance choices, capacity expansion, system dispatch, fuel use, and emissions using a unit level data base and alternative scenario assumptions.

Hanson, D.A.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

57

Bayesian filter based behavior recognition in workflows allowing for user feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a novel online framework for behavior understanding, in visual workflows, capable of achieving high recognition rates in real-time. To effect online recognition, we propose a methodology that employs a Bayesian filter supported ... Keywords: Bayesian filter, Behavior recognition, Hidden Markov models, User feedback, Workflow

Dimitrios I. Kosmopoulos; Nikolaos D. Doulamis; Athanasios S. Voulodimos

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Object-Based Evaluation of the Impact of Horizontal Grid Spacing on Convection-Allowing Forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forecasts generated by the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms with 1- and 4-km grid spacing using the Advanced Research Weather Research and Forecasting Model (ARW-WRF; ARW1 and ARW4, respectively) for the 200911 NOAA Hazardous Weather ...

Aaron Johnson; Xuguang Wang; Fanyou Kong; Ming Xue

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Structural Plasticity of Malaria Dihydroorotate Dehydrogenase Allows Selective Binding of Diverse Chemical Scaffolds  

SciTech Connect

Malaria remains a major global health burden and current drug therapies are compromised by resistance. Plasmodium falciparum dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (PfDHODH) was validated as a new drug target through the identification of potent and selective triazolopyrimidine-based DHODH inhibitors with anti-malarial activity in vivo. Here we report x-ray structure determination of PfDHODH bound to three inhibitors from this series, representing the first of the enzyme bound to malaria specific inhibitors. We demonstrate that conformational flexibility results in an unexpected binding mode identifying a new hydrophobic pocket on the enzyme. Importantly this plasticity allows PfDHODH to bind inhibitors from different chemical classes and to accommodate inhibitor modifications during lead optimization, increasing the value of PfDHODH as a drug target. A second discovery, based on small molecule crystallography, is that the triazolopyrimidines populate a resonance form that promotes charge separation. These intrinsic dipoles allow formation of energetically favorable H-bond interactions with the enzyme. The importance of delocalization to binding affinity was supported by site-directed mutagenesis and the demonstration that triazolopyrimidine analogs that lack this intrinsic dipole are inactive. Finally, the PfDHODH-triazolopyrimidine bound structures provide considerable new insight into species-selective inhibitor binding in this enzyme family. Together, these studies will directly impact efforts to exploit PfDHODH for the development of anti-malarial chemotherapy.

Deng, Xiaoyi; Gujjar, Ramesh; El Mazouni, Farah; Kaminsky, Werner; Malmquist, Nicholas A.; Goldsmith, Elizabeth J.; Rathod, Pradipsinh K.; Phillips, Margaret A.; (UWASH); (UTSMC)

2010-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

60

Evaluation of allowable stresses for high strength concrete prestressed bridge girders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High strength concrete (HSC) is regularly used for prestressed bridge girders in Texas and other states. The American Concrete Institute (ACI) Committee 363 (1997) defines HSC as concrete with a compressive strength exceeding 6,000 psi (41 MPa) produced without using exotic materials or techniques. The design provisions for the design of prestressed concrete members according to the AASHTO Standard and LRFD Specifications are based on mechanical properties determined for normal strength concrete (NSC). Therefore, there is a need to evaluate these specifications based on the properties of HSC. The main objective of this research is to evaluate the allowable tensile stresses for HSC prestressed bridge girders. The effects of field curing conditions on the compressive strength and the flexural tensile strength of HSC were determined. The HSC mixtures tested in this study are representative of mixtures used in Phase 1 of this research program (Chompreda 2001). The plant-produced samples from the earlier study were lab cured after the first day (approximately 24 hours). Necessary strength adjustment factors are needed to account for the effect of field curing conditions. These factors were determined for representative HSC mixtures and applied to the compressive and flexural strength data from Phase 1 in order to evaluate the potential to increase the limiting allowable stresses. A parametric study was conducted to evaluate the impact of a modified tensile stress limit on the design of typical HSC prestressed girders. The safety of the modified tensile stress limit was evaluated by applying structural reliability theory.

Moutassem, Fayez

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

GRADUATE STUDENT TUITION ON RESEARCH AWARDS Graduate Student salaries and tuition costs are allowable costs on sponsored projects and are  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are allowable costs on sponsored projects and are often a required cost. Policy BACKGROUND In accordance to their research projects must include a line item in the direct cost budget proposal for tuition remission based and budgets for non-competing renewals that include salary costs for a Research Project Assistant must also

Krovi, Venkat

62

Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Bridges Allowed to Uplift During Multi-Directional Excitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

274 Appendix C Tcl Code 3D Shallow Foundations AllowedAppendix C contains the Tcl script for implementation of aResults Appendix C Tcl Code 3D Shallow Foundations Allowed

Espinoza, Andres Oscar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

T-554: Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code T-554: Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows remote...

64

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: February 13, 1: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411: February 13, 2006 States that Allow Longer Combination Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #411:

65

Emissions allowance prices for SO 2 and NO X remained low in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Emissions allowances are a component of policy tools used to reduce emissions of air pollutants such as SO 2 or NO X. Such programs cap the total ...

66

SIPC Advisory -Vulnerability in Windows Graphics Rendering Engine Could Allow Remote Code Execution -RISK: HIGH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIPC Advisory - Vulnerability in Windows Graphics Rendering Engine Could Allow Remote Code/4/2011 SUBJECT: Vulnerability in Windows Graphics Rendering Engine Could Allow Remote Code Execution OVERVIEW: A new vulnerability has been discovered in Microsoft Windows Graphics Rendering Engine, which could

Holliday, Vance T.

67

Long-Run Equilibrium Modeling of Emissions Allowance Allocation Systems in Electric Power Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon dioxide allowance trading systems for electricity generators are in place in the European Union and in several U.S. states. An important question in the design of such systems is how allowances are to be initially allocated: by auction, by giving ... Keywords: Equilibrium programming, economics, electricity and emissions markets, model properties and applications

Jinye Zhao; Benjamin F. Hobbs; Jong-Shi Pang

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RWQCB decide to allow discharge RWQCB decide to allow discharge < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge Once the RWQCB and EPA deem the application complete, the RWQCB makes an initial determination whether the application is appropriate for consideration or if it should be denied outright. If the discharge is denied outright, the process ends. If RWQCB decides to consider the application, the public process is triggered. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6_-_Does_RWQCB_decide_to_allow_discharge&oldid=482583

69

T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow 711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks T-711: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle Attacks September 7, 2011 - 9:30am Addthis PROBLEM: A fraudulent Google.com digital certificate was issued by a certificate authority. This certificate could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to access sensitive user data via a man-in-the-middle attack. PLATFORM: Most Microsoft Windows operating systems, DigiNotar is a CA in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities certificate store. Multiple browsers, including Microsoft Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, and Mozilla Firefox could also be configured with the compromised CA as one of their trusted issuers. ABSTRACT: Fraudulent Google Digital Certificates Could Allow Man-in-the-Middle

70

T-702: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack 2: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack T-702: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack August 25, 2011 - 8:00pm Addthis PROBLEM: A denial of service vulnerability has been found in the way the multiple overlapping ranges are handled by apache PLATFORM: Apache 1.3 all versions, Apache 2 all versions ABSTRACT: Apache web servers that allows a DOS attack. reference LINKS: Apache Advisory Apache Archives CVE-2011-3192 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High Discussion: Vulnerability commonly manifests itself when static content is made available with compression on the fly through mod_deflate - but other modules which buffer and/or generate content in-memory are likely to be affected as well. Impact: The attack can be done remotely and with a modest number of requests leads

71

Verification of Convection-Allowing WRF Model Forecasts of the Planetary Boundary Layer Using Sounding Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study evaluates forecasts of thermodynamic variables from five convection-allowing configurations of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) with the Advanced Research core (WRF-ARW). The forecasts vary only in their planetary ...

Michael C. Coniglio; James Correia Jr.; Patrick T. Marsh; Fanyou Kong

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

250 kilowatts (kW) or more). The model "as-of-right" siting must allow for ground-mounted solar photovoltaic installations 250 kW (DC) or more. An essential part of "as-of-right"...

73

The Impact on Iowa's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

See Iowa Code. 2007. 598. Vermont has recorded 7,800 civilof which 1,234 involved Vermont residents. In this same timeImpact on the State of Vermont of Allowing Same-Sex Couples

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Baumle, Amanda K; Romero, Adam P.; Sears, Brad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Impact on Maine's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact on the State of Vermont of Allowing Same-Sex CouplesCouncil. 2002. Report of the Vermont Domestic partnershipCouncil. 2002. Report of the Vermont Domestic partnership

Ramos, Christopher; Badgett, M.V. Lee; Steinberger, Michael D; Sears, Brad

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

The Impact on Maryland's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact on the State of Vermont of Allowing Same-Sex Couples2002. Report of the Vermont Civil Union Review Commission .of Legislative Council, Vermont, supra note 12. Office of

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Baumle, Amanda K; Kravich, Shawn; Romero, Adam P.; Sears, Brad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The Impact on California's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LaCroix and James Mak). For an analysis of Vermont: M. V.the State of May 2004 Vermont of Allowing Same-sex Coupleson the experience of Vermonts civil union legislation,

Sears, Brad; Badgett, M.V. Lee

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.14 - Allow Public Comment and Hold Hearing...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Hold Hearing DTSC allows for a 45 day public comment period on the Draft Hazardous Waste Facility Permit and holds a public hearing. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

78

"Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","Fee/Allowance Revenue...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 1. CO2 FeeCap and Trade Runs for AEO Supplement" "Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","FeeAllowance Revenue Treatment",,,"Offsets" ,"Start ()","Real Rate of...

79

DATING: A computer code for determining allowable temperatures for dry storage of spent fuel in inert and nitrogen gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DATING (Determining Allowable Temperatures in Inert and Nitrogen Gases) code can be used to calculate allowable initial temperatures for dry storage of light-water-reactor spent fuel. The calculations are based on the life fraction rule using both measured data and mechanistic equations as reported by Chin et al. (1986). The code is written in FORTRAN and utilizes an efficient numerical integration method for rapid calculations on IBM-compatible personal computers. This report documents the technical basis for the DATING calculations, describes the computational method and code statements, and includes a user's guide with examples. The software for the DATING code is available through the National Energy Software Center operated by Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439. 5 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Simonen, E.P.; Gilbert, E.R.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

V-223: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make 3: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make Unlimited Login Attempts V-223: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM Allows Remote Users to Make Unlimited Login Attempts August 21, 2013 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability was reported in RSA Authentication Agent for PAM PLATFORM: RSA Authentication Agent for PAM 7.0.2 and prior ABSTRACT: A remote user can make unlimited login attempts REFERENCE LINKS: Security Tracker Alert ID 1028930 CVE-2013-3271 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: The system does not restrict the number of login attempts made via the agent IMPACT: System Access SOLUTION: Vendor has issued a fix Addthis Related Articles U-267: RSA® Authentication Agent 7.1 for Microsoft Windows® and RSA® Authentication Client 3.5 Access Control Vulnerability

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

DOE Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Board  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Board of Contract Appeals to Resolve Disputes DOE Signs Agreement Allowing National Labs to Use the U.S. Civilian Board of Contract Appeals to Resolve Disputes December 17, 2010 - 5:24pm Addthis The Department of Energy announced today that it has entered into a Memorandum of Agreement with the United States Civilian Board of Contract Appeals (CBCA) to enable the Department's lab and facility management and operation (M&O) contractors to employ the CBCA for mediation, arbitration, and other alternative dispute resolution services. Earlier this year, the Department clarified that M&O contractors are permitted to include binding arbitration clauses in their contracts with others, and, indeed, that

82

Annotating Components to Support Component-Based Static Analyses of Software Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, electrical systems, and plumbing systems. Consider the purchase of a simple light bulb. The interface of most light bulbs is identical; however the choice of which to purchase involves tradeo#11;s related to the voltage, wattage, and price of the light bulb. All of these things are listed on the light bulb

Wolf, Alexander L.

83

Relativistic corrections to the Sellmeier equation allow derivation of Demjanov's formula  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recent paper by V.V. Demjanov in Physics Letters A reported a formula that relates the magnitude of Michelson interferometer fringe shifts to refractive index and absolute velocity. We show here that relativistic corrections to the Sellmeier equation allow an alternative derivation of the formula.

Peter C. Morris

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

84

Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities Model As-of Right Zoning Ordinance or Bylaw: Allowing Use of Wind Energy Facilities < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Wind Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Solar/Wind Permitting Standards Note: This model ordinance was designed to provide guidance to local governments seeking to develop their own siting rules for wind turbines. While it was developed as part of a cooperative effort involving several state agencies, the model itself has no legal or regulatory authority. In 2007, the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources (DOER) and the

85

Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McDermott, K.A. [Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); McDermott, K.A. (Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green PowerEnergy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green PowerIn a green power product with 50% renewable energy, for

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Counting on Couples: Fiscal Savings From Allowing Same-Sex Couple to Marry in Connecticut  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were available. Based on Vermonts experience with offeringto drop considerably. Vermont and California now offer veryrate 57 and the experience of Vermont under its civil union

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Curtis, Patrice; Kukura, Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The SO2 Allowance Trading System: The Ironic History of a Grand Policy Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two decades have passed Two decades have passed since the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 launched a grand experiment in market-based environmental policy: the SO2 cap-and-trade system. That system performed well but ...

Schmalensee, Richard

90

The Impact of Washington's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Act of 2003). 36 In Vermont, 1,933 same-sex coupleswere available. Based on Vermonts experience with same-sexJersey, 5 New Mexico, 6 and Vermont. 7 The full methodology

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Kukura, Elizabeth; Lau, Holning S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate ...

Bailey, Elizabeth M.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Allowance trading activity and state regulatory rulings : evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, applications of a market based approach to pollution control. From the beginning, there has been concern whether utilities would participate ...

Bailey, Elizabeth M.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Membrane-supported nonvolatile acidic electrolytes allow higher temperature operation of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of using nonvolatile molten and solid acidic electrolyte impregnated ion-exchange membranes in higher temperature proton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) to alleviate their water dependence is investigated. Higher temperature PEMFC operation reduces CO poisoning as well as passivation of the Pt electrocatalyst by other condensable species. Further, higher temperature operation could eventually allow direct use of low-temperature reformable fuels such as methanol in the PEMFC. The methodology proposed here involves supporting an appropriate acidic solid, melt, or solution of low volatility within the pores of Nafion{reg_sign} so as to enhance its protonic conductivity at higher temperatures and lower humidity levels. Preliminary experimental results reported here for a PEM fuel cell operating at temperatures of 110 to 120 C based on Nafion supported solutions of heteropolyacid indicate the feasibility of the technique.

Malhotra, S.; Datta, R. [Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Undetected Sources Allow Transmission of the Lyman-alpha Line From Galaxies Prior to Reionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of Lyman-alpha emission from galaxies at redshifts beyond z~6.5 should not be naively interpreted as implying that the intergalactic medium (IGM) had been reionized at higher redsifts. We show that a cluster of faint undetected sources around each observed galaxy generates an HII region sufficiently large to allow transmission of the galaxy's Lyman-alpha line prior to reionization. We also show that quasars may contribute a significant fraction of the ionizing photons to HII regions around galaxies with a velocity dispersion larger than ~100km/s. These contributing quasars are not usually seen due to the small fraction of time they spend in a luminous phase.

Stuart Wyithe; Abraham Loeb

2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

95

Neutrino-electron scattering in a magnetic field with allowance for polarizations of electrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an analytic formula for differential cross section (DCS) of neutrino-electron scattering (NES) in a magnetic field (MF) with allowance for longitudinal polarizations of initial and final electrons (IAFE). The DCS of NES in a MF is sensitive to the spin variable of the IAFE and to the direction of the incident and scattered neutrinos (IASN) momenta. Spin asymmetries and field effects in NES in a MF enable us to use initial electrons having a left-hand circular polarization (LHCP) as polarized electron targets in detectors for detection of low-energy neutrinos or relic neutrinos and for distinguishing neutrino flavor (NF). In general, gas consisting of only electrons having a LHCP and gas consisting of only electrons having a right-hand circular polarization (RHCP) are heated by neutrinos asymmetrically. The asymmetry of heating (AH) is sensitive to NF, MF strength, energies (Landau quantum numbers and third components of the momenta) of IAFE, final electron chemical potential, the final temperature of gas consisting of only electrons having a LHCP (RHCP), polar angles of IASN momenta, the difference between the azimuthal angles of IASN momenta, the angle {phi}, and IASN energies. In the heating process of electrons by neutrinos the dominant role belongs to electron neutrinos compared with the contribution of muon (tauon) neutrinos. Electrons having a LHCP in NES in a MF are heated by {nu}{sub e} and {nu}{sub {mu}}({nu}{sub {tau}}) unequally when both the IASN fly along or against the MF direction. For magnetars and neutrinos of 1 MeV energy, within the considered kinematics, the AH in an electron neutrino-electron scattering is 2.23 times that in a muon neutrino-electron scattering or in a tauon neutrino-electron scattering.

Guseinov, V. A. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Laboratory of Physical Research, Nakhchivan Division of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan); Jafarov, I. G. [Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University, Baku (Azerbaijan); Gasimova, R. E. [Department of General and Theoretical Physics, Nakhchivan State University, AZ 7000, Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan)

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Time Segmentation Approach Allowing QoS and Energy Saving for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless sensor networks are conceived to monitor a certain application or physical phenomena and are supposed to function for several years without any human intervention for maintenance. Thus, the main issue in sensor networks is often to extend the lifetime of the network by reducing energy consumption. On the other hand, some applications have high priority traffic that needs to be transferred within a bounded end-to-end delay while maintaining an energy efficient behavior. We propose MaCARI, a time segmentation protocol that saves energy, improves the overall performance of the network and enables quality of service in terms of guaranteed access to the medium and end-to-end delays. This time segmentation is achieved by synchronizing the activity of nodes using a tree-based beacon propagation and allocating activity periods for each cluster of nodes. The tree-based topology is inspired from the cluster-tree proposed by the ZigBee standard. The efficiency of our protocol is proven analytically, by simulati...

Chalhoub, Gerard; Misson, Michel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

K:\\Web\\WebMirror2\\ospa\\policiesandprocedures\\Allowability of B I start up costs Policy-1-12.doc SPA Procedure for Allowable B&I Clinical Trial Start-Up Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

K:\\Web\\WebMirror2\\ospa\\policiesandprocedures\\Allowability of B I start up costs Policy-1-12.doc SPA

Amin, S. Massoud

98

CO{sub 2} allowance allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the effect on electricity investors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firm's portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. 16 refs., 4 figs.

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmerook

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

T-554: Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Race condition in Google Chrome before 9.0.597.84 allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code via vectors related to audio.

100

First evidence of asymmetric cost pass-through of Eu emissions allowances : examining wholesale electricity prices in Germany  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper applies the literature on asymmetric price transmission to the emerging commodity market for EU emissions allowances (EUA). We utilize an error correction model and an autoregressive distributed lag model to ...

Zachmann, Georg

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Ion Torren Semiconductor Sequencing Allows Rapid, Low Cost Sequencing of the Human Exome ( 7th Annual SFAF Meeting, 2012)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

David Jenkins on "Ion Torrent semiconductor sequencing allows rapid, low-cost sequencing of the human exome" at the 2012 Sequencing, Finishing, Analysis in the Future Meeting held June 5-7, 2012 in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Jenkins, David [EdgeBio

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Next-Day Convection-Allowing WRF Model Guidance: A Second Look at 2-km versus 4-km Grid Spacing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 2007 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed (HWT) Spring Experiment, the Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms (CAPS) at the University of Oklahoma produced convection-allowing forecasts from a single deterministic 2-km model and a 10-...

Craig S. Schwartz; John S. Kain; Steven J. Weiss; Ming Xue; David R. Bright; Fanyou Kong; Kevin W. Thomas; Jason J. Levit; Michael C. Coniglio

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Super-allowed beta-decay rates in 1d5/2 shell in Coriolis coupling model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The expression for super-allowed beta-decay transition rates have been derived within the context of Coriolis coupling model. The derived expressions, valid for the beta-decay between any two mirror nuclei, has been applied to calculate super-allowed beta-decay transition rates of 21Na, 21Mg, 21Al, and 21Si. The calculated rates agree well with the data and the calculations done using the shell model with configuration admixture.

M. Sultan Parvez; F. Bary Malik

2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

104

The use of filtered bags to increase waste payload capacity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For the past few years, the Department of Energy has favored the direct disposal of low plutonium content residue materials from Rocky Flats rather than engage in expensive and time consuming plutonium recovery operations. One impediment to direct disposal has been the wattage limit imposed by the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant on hydrogenous materials such as combustibles and sludges. The issue of concern is the radiolytic generation and accumulation of hydrogen and other explosive gases in waste containers. The wattage limits that existed through 1996 restricted the amount of plutonium bearing hydrogenous materials that could be packaged in a WIPP bound waste drum to only a fraction of the capacity of a drum. Typically, only about one kilogram of combustible residue could be packaged in a waste drum before the wattage limit was exceeded resulting in an excessively large number of drums to be procured, stored, shipped, and interred. The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site has initiated the use of filtered plastic bags (called bag-out bags) used to remove transuranic waste materials from glove box lines. The bags contain small, disk like HEPA filters which are effective in containing radioactively contaminated particulate material but allow for the diffusion of hydrogen gas. Used in conjunction with filtered 55 gallon drums, filtered bag-out bags were pursued as a means to increase the allowable wattage limits for selected residue materials. In February 1997, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission approved the use of filtered bag-out bags for transuranic waste materials destined for WIPP. The concomitant increase in wattage limits now allows for approximately four times the payload per waste drum for wattage limited materials.

Dustin, D.F.; Thorp, D.T. [Safe Sites of Colorado, Golden, CO (United States); Rivera, M.A. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

105

IRM 2.7-33 Afternoon and Night Shift Allowance Part Time Employees District Health Services Employees Award State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To outline shift work allowance entitlements for part-time employees covered by the District Health Services Employees Award State 2003. 2 APPLICATION This policy applies to part time employees who are engaged in shift and continuous shift work arrangements as defined by the District Health Services Employees Award State 2003. 3

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A two-level computable equilibrium model to assess the strategic allocation of emission allowances within the European union  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the modeling of the strategic allocation of greenhouse gases emission allowances in the EU-wide trading market that results from Kyoto agreement implementation. An M-matrix game is formulated where the players are countries or groups ...

Laurent Viguier; Marc Vielle; Alain Haurie; Alain Bernard

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

A Comparison of Precipitation Forecast Skill between Small Convection-Allowing and Large Convection-Parameterizing Ensembles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Comparison of Precipitation Forecast Skill between Small Convection- Allowing and Large Submitted to Weather and Forecasting in October 2008, Accepted in January 2009 * Corresponding author precipitation forecasts from a 5-member, 4-km grid-spacing (ENS4) and a 15-member, 20-km grid-spacing (ENS20

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

108

202-328-5000 www.rff.orgCO2 Allowance Allocation in the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Effect on Electricity Investors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) is an effort by nine Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states to develop a regional, mandatory, market-based cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the electricity sector. The initiative is expected to lead to an increase in the price of electricity in the RGGI region and beyond. The implications of these changes for the value of electricity-generating assets and the market value of the firms that own them depends on the initial allocation of carbon dioxide allowances, the composition of generating assets owned by the firm, and the locations of those assets. Changes in asset values inside the RGGI region may be positive or negative, whereas changes outside of the RGGI region are almost always positive but nonetheless vary greatly. Viewing changes at the firm level aggregates and moderates both positive and negative effects on market value compared with what would be observed by looking at changes at individual facilities. Nonetheless, a particular firms portfolio of assets is unlikely to reflect the overall composition of assets in the industry as a whole, and some firms are likely to do substantially better or worse than the industry average. Key Words: emissions trading, allowance allocations, electricity, air pollution, auction, grandfathering, generation-performance standard, output-based allocation, costeffectiveness,

Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmer; Dallas Burtraw; Danny Kahn; Karen Palmer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Estimate of the allowable dimensions of diagnosed defects in category III and IV welded pipeline joints{sup 1}  

SciTech Connect

An approach for estimating the permissible dimensions of technological defects in butt welded joints in category III and IV pipelines is described. The allowable size of a welding defect is determined from the condition of compliance with the specifications on strength for a reference cross section (damaged joint) of the pipeline taking into account its weakening by a given defect.With regard to the fairly widespread discovery of technological defects in butt welded joints during diagnostics of auxiliary pipelines for thermal electric power plants, the proposed approach can be used in practice by repair and consulting organizations.

Grin', E. A.; Bochkarev, V. I. [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)] [JSC 'All-Russia Thermal Engineering Institute' (JSC 'VTI') (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, EmissionsAllowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables PortfolioStandards  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia have adopted mandatory renewables portfolio standards (RPS) over the last ten years. Renewable energy attributes-such as the energy source, conversion technology, plant location and vintage, and emissions-are usually required to verify compliance with these policies, sometimes through attributes bundled with electricity, and sometimes with the attributes unbundled from electricity and traded separately as renewable energy certificates (RECs). This report summarizes the treatment of renewable energy attributes in state RPS rules. Its purpose is to provide a source of information for states considering RPS policies, and also to draw attention to certain policy issues that arise when renewable attributes and RECs are used for RPS compliance. Three specific issues are addressed: (1) the degree to which unbundled RECs are allowed under existing state RPS programs and the status of systems to track RECs and renewable energy attributes; (2) definitions of the renewable energy attributes that must be included in order to meet state RPS obligations, including the treatment of available emissions allowances; and (3) state policies on whether renewable energy or RECs sold through voluntary green power transactions may count towards RPS obligations.

Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

111

Specification of CuCrZr Alloy Properties after Various Thermo-Mechanical Treatments and Design Allowables including Neutron Irradiation Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation hardened CuCrZr alloy is a promising heat sink and functional material for various applica- tions in ITER, for example the first wall, blanket electrical attachment, divertor, and heating systems. Three types of thermo-mechanical treatment were identified as most promising for the various applica- tions in ITER: solution annealing, cold working and ageing; solution annealing and ageing; solution annealing and ageing at non-optimal condition due to specific manufacturing processes for engineer- ing-scale components. The available data for these three types of treatments were assessed and mini- mum tensile properties were determined based on recommendation of Structural Design Criteria for the ITER In-vessel Components. The available data for these heat treatments were analyzed for assess- ment of neutron irradiation effect. Using the definitions of the ITER Structural Design Criteria the design allowable stress intensity values are proposed for CuCrZr alloy after various heat treatments.

Barabash, Vladimir [ITER Organization, Saint Paul Lez Durance, France; Kalinin, G. M. [RDIPE, P.O. Box 788, 101000 Moscow, Russia; Fabritsiev, Sergei A. [D.V. Efremov Scientific Research Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia; Zinkle, Steven J [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

CX-007916: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

916: Categorical Exclusion Determination 916: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-007916: Categorical Exclusion Determination Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/04/2012 Location(s): Nationwide Offices(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to all products listed in Table 1.1 of the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form

113

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) fO( Energy Conservation Standards for Metal Halide lamp Fixtures (RIN: 1904-ACOO) Program or Fjeld Office: EERE- Buildings Technology Program Location(s) (City/CQunty/Statel: Nationwide Proposed Action Description: DOE proposes amended energy conservation standards for metal halide lamp fixtures. The proposed standards are the minimum allowable ballast efficiency based on fixture location, ballast type. and the rated wattage of the lamp. These proposed standards, if adopted, would apply to aU products listed in Table 1.1 of the NOPR and manufactured in, or imported into, the United States on or after January 1, 2015. Categorical ExclusiQn(s) Applied: 85.1 - Actions to conserve energy or waler For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical eXClusions, including the full text of

114

Masking a CCD camera allows multichord charge exchange spectroscopy measurements at high speed on the DIII-D tokamak  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Charge exchange spectroscopy is one of the standard plasma diagnostic techniques used in tokamak research to determine ion temperature, rotation speed, particle density, and radial electric field. Configuring a charge coupled device (CCD) camera to serve as a detector in such a system requires a trade-off between the competing desires to detect light from as many independent spatial views as possible while still obtaining the best possible time resolution. High time resolution is essential, for example, for studying transient phenomena such as edge localized modes. By installing a mask in front of a camera with a 1024 x 1024 pixel CCD chip, we are able to acquire spectra from eight separate views while still achieving a minimum time resolution of 0.2 ms. The mask separates the light from the eight spectra, preventing spatial and temporal cross talk. A key part of the design was devising a compact translation stage which attaches to the front of the camera and allows adjustment of the position of the mask openings relative to the CCD surface. The stage is thin enough to fit into the restricted space between the CCD camera and the spectrometer endplate.

Meyer, O. [Euratom-CEA Association, DSM-IRFM, Cadarache, 13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Burrell, K. H.; Chavez, J. A.; Kaplan, D. H. [General Atomics, PO Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 (United States); Chrystal, C.; Pablant, N. A. [University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Solomon, W. M. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

In-situ determination of radionuclide levels in facilities to be decommissioned using the allowable residual contamination level method  

SciTech Connect

This feasibility study resulted in verification of a direct and two alternate indirect techniques for making in-situ determinations of {sup 90}Sr and other radionuclide levels in a Hanford facility to be decommissioned that was evaluated using the Allowable Residual Contamination Level (ARCL) method. The ARCL method is used to determine the extent of decontamination that will be required before a facility can be decommissioned. A sump in the 1608F Building was chosen for the feasibility study. Hanford decommissioning personnel had previously taken 79 concrete and surface scale samples from the building to be analyzed by radiochemical analysis. The results of the radiochemical analyses compare favorably with the values derived by the in-situ methods presented in this report. Results obtained using a portable spectrometer and thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were both very close to the radiochemistry results. Surface {sup 90}Sr levels detected on the sump floor were 550 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the spectrometer system and 780 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the TLD data. This compares favorably with the levels determined by radiochemical analyses (i.e., 230 to 730 pCi/cm{sup 2}). Surface {sup 90}Sr levels detected on the sump wall ranged between 10 and 80 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the spectrometer system, compared with a conservative 200 pCi/cm{sup 2} using the TLD data. The radiochemical results ranged between 19 and 77 pCi/cm{sup 2} for the four samples taken from the wall at indeterminate locations. 17 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Arthur, R.J.; Haggard, D.L.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Verification of Allowable Stresses In ASME Section III Subsection NH For Grade 91 Steel & Alloy 800H  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The database for the creep-rupture of 9Cr-1Mo-V (Grade 91) steel was collected and reviewed to determine if it met the needs for recommending time-dependent strength values, S{sub t}, for coverage in ASME Section III Subsection NH (ASME III-NH) to 650 C (1200 F) and 600,000 hours. The accumulated database included over 300 tests for 1% total strain, nearly 400 tests for tertiary creep, and nearly 1700 tests to rupture. Procedures for analyzing creep and rupture data for ASME III-NH were reviewed and compared to the procedures used to develop the current allowable stress values for Gr 91 for ASME II-D. The criteria in ASME III-NH for estimating S{sub t} included the average strength for 1% total strain for times to 600,000 hours, 80% of the minimum strength for tertiary creep for times to 600,000 hours, and 67% of the minimum rupture strength values for times to 600,000 hours. Time-temperature-stress parametric formulations were selected to correlate the data and make predictions of the long-time strength. It was found that the stress corresponding to 1% total strain and the initiation of tertiary creep were not the controlling criteria over the temperature-time range of concern. It was found that small adjustments to the current values in III-NH could be introduced but that the existing values were conservative and could be retained. The existing database was found to be adequate to extend the coverage to 600,000 hours for temperatures below 650 C (1200 F).

R. W. Swindeman; M. J. Swindeman; B. W. Roberts; B. E. Thurgood; D. L. Marriott

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

117

The impact of carbon taxes or allowances on the electric generation market in the Ohio and ECAR region  

SciTech Connect

The North American electricity grid is separated into 11 regional reliability councils, collectively called the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC). The East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR) is the reliability council that covers Ohio and Indiana, along with parts of Kentucky, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Ohio and the rest of the ECAR region rely more heavily on coal-fired generation than any other US region. The purpose of this report is to study the effect of carbon reduction policies on the cost and price of generation in the ECAR region, with an emphasis on Ohio. In order to do that, the author modeled the possible electric generation system for the ECAR and Ohio region for the year 2010 using a model developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory called the Oak Ridge Competitive Electric Dispatch model (ORCED). He let the model optimize the system based on various factors and carbon reduction policies to understand their impact. He then used the electricity prices and assumed demand elasticities to change the demands while also requiring all power plants to be profitable. The author discusses the different potential policies for carbon reduction and issues involving a restructured market; describes the model used for this analysis, the ECAR electricity sector, and the establishment of a base case; and describes the results of applying various carbon emission reduction approaches to the region. 14 figs., 5 tabs.

Hadley, S.W.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Validation Methodology to Allow Simulated Peak Reduction and Energy Performance Analysis of Residential Building Envelope with Phase Change Materials: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Phase change materials (PCM) represent a potential technology to reduce peak loads and HVAC energy consumption in residential buildings. This paper summarizes NREL efforts to obtain accurate energy simulations when PCMs are modeled in residential buildings: the overall methodology to verify and validate Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) and PCM algorithms in EnergyPlus is presented in this study. It also shows preliminary results of three residential building enclosure technologies containing PCM: PCM-enhanced insulation, PCM impregnated drywall and thin PCM layers. The results are compared based on predicted peak reduction and energy savings using two algorithms in EnergyPlus: the PCM and Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) algorithms.

Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Christensen, C.; Bianchi, M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Examination of Convection-Allowing Configurations of the WRF Model for the Prediction of Severe Convective Weather: The SPC/NSSL Spring Program 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convection-allowing configurations of the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model were evaluated during the 2004 Storm Prediction CenterNational Severe Storms Laboratory Spring Program in a simulated severe weather forecasting environment. The ...

John S. Kain; S. J. Weiss; J. J. Levit; M. E. Baldwin; D. R. Bright

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

The University of California is a 501(c)(3) organization. Gifts are tax deductible to the full extent allowed by law. Craig Matthew Childers Fund for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

extent allowed by law. Craig Matthew Childers Fund for Electric Vehicle Technology and Policy Craig have come together to create the Craig Matthew Childers Fund for Electric Vehicle Technology and Policy ("Craig Childers Fund") at UC Davis. In keeping with Craig's own career, his lifelong love of cars

California at Davis, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Irregular term courses (These do not roll to future terms) Irregular term courses are allowed only in fall and spring terms. Irregular term courses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irregular term courses (These do not roll to future terms) · Irregular term courses are allowed only in fall and spring terms. Irregular term courses in spring term cannot roll into summer term(s), no exceptions. · A course ending one day or more beyond the last final exam day for the fall term is considered

Bolding, M. Chad

122

HDL (hardware description language) and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) devices allow designers to quickly develop and simulate a sophisticated digital circuit, realize it  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PREFACE HDL (hardware description language) and FPGA (field-programmable gate array) devices allow device, and verify operation of the physical implementation. As these technologies mature, they have a complex and sophisticated digital system. This book uses a "learning by doing" approach and illustrates

Chu, Pong P.

123

Integrated Analysis of Fuel, Technology and Emission Allowance Markets: Electric Utility Responses to the Clean Air Act Amendments o f 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a detailed analysis of the strategic responses of the electric utility industry to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. The study analyzes the competitive interactions between fuel switching, scrubbing, and emission trading options and provides information on future regional coal demands and prices, the adoption of SO2 control technologies, compliance costs, and the character of SO2 emission allowance markets.

1993-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

124

Replacement of Mushroom Cage Gastrostomy Tube Using a Modified Technique to Allow Percutaneous Replacement with an Endoscopic Tube in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiologic inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is the preferred method in our institution for enteral feeding in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Skin-level primary-placed mushroom cage gastrostomy tubes become tight with weight gain. We describe a minimally invasive radiologic technique for replacing mushroom gastrostomy tubes with endoscopic mushroom cage tubes in ALS. All patients with ALS who underwent replacement of a RIG tube were included. Patients were selected for a modified replacement when the tube length of the primary placed RIG tube was insufficient to allow like-for-like replacement. Replacement was performed under local anesthetic and fluoroscopic guidance according to a preset technique, with modification of an endoscopic mushroom cage gastrostomy tube to allow percutaneous placement. Assessment of the success, safety, and durability of the modified technique was undertaken. Over a 60-month period, 104 primary placement mushroom cage tubes in ALS were performed. A total of 20 (19.2%) of 104 patients had a replacement tube positioned, 10 (9.6%) of 104 with the modified technique (male n = 4, female n = 6, mean age 65.5 years, range 48-85 years). All tubes were successfully replaced using this modified technique, with two minor complications (superficial wound infection and minor hemorrhage). The mean length of time of tube durability was 158.5 days (range 6-471 days), with all but one patient dying with a functional tube in place. We have devised a modification to allow percutaneous replacement of mushroom cage gastrostomy feeding tubes with minimal compromise to ALS patients. This technique allows tube replacement under local anesthetic, without the need for sedation, an important consideration in ALS.

Ammar, Thoraya [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom); Rio, Alan [King's College Hospital, Department of Dietetics (United Kingdom); Ampong, Mary Ann [King's College Hospital, Department of Neurosciences (United Kingdom); Sidhu, Paul S., E-mail: paulsidhu@nhs.ne [King's College Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

125

Environmental Assessment for Authorizing the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to allow Public Access to the Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) Reactor Building, Rincon, Puerto Rico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to consent to a proposal by the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to allow public access to the Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) reactor building located near Rincon, Puerto Rico for use as a museum. PREPA, the owner of the BONUS facility, has determined that the historical significance of this facility, as one of only two reactors of this design ever constructed in the world, warrants preservation in a museum, and that this museum would provide economic benefits to the local community through increased tourism. Therefore, PREPA is proposing development of the BONUS facility as a museum.

N /A

2003-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

126

2p-2p decay of {sup 8}C and isospin-allowed 2p decay of the isobaric-analog state in {sup 8}B  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

{sup 8}C is found to decay to four protons and an {alpha} particle in two 2p emission steps. The correlations between the protons in the first step ({sup 8}C to {sup 6}Be) exhibit a significant enhancement in the region of the decay phase space where the two protons have small relative energy, a region sometimes called the diproton region. The decay of the isobaric analog of {sup 8}C in {sup 8}B is also found to decay by 2p emission. This is the first case of isospin-allowed 2p decay between isobaric analog states.

Charity, R. J.; Elson, J. M. [Department of Chemistry, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Manfredi, J.; Shane, R. [Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Sobotka, L. G. [Department of Chemistry, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Department of Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Chajecki, Z.; Coupland, D.; Iwasaki, H.; Kilburn, M.; Lee, Jenny; Lynch, W. G.; Sanetullaev, A.; Tsang, M. B.; Winkelbauer, J.; Youngs, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Marley, S. T.; Shetty, D. V.; Wuosmaa, A. H. [Department of Physics, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008 (United States); Ghosh, T. K. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India); Howard, M. E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08903 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

(c) 2008-2011. Minh Ha-Duong. Rodica Loisel. CIRED Reproduction allowed. share alike. attribution. Blue cells: Numerical assumptions defining the scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

infrastructure such as injection wells and gathering systems, enabling more accurate assessment of CO2 storage MOUNTAINS PERMIAN BASIN JAF2010_031.XLS Source: Advanced Resources Int'l., based on Oil and Gas Journal

128

Environmental Assessment for Authorizing the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to allow Public Access to the Boiling Nuclear Superheat (BONUS) Reactor Building, Ricon, Puerto Rico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

394: Public Access to the BONUS Facility January 2003 394: Public Access to the BONUS Facility January 2003 i DOE/EA-1394 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR AUTHORIZING THE PUERTO RICO ELECTRIC POWER AUTHORITY (PREPA) TO ALLOW PUBLIC ACCESS TO THE BOILING NUCLEAR SUPERHEAT (BONUS) REACTOR BUILDING, RINCÓN, PUERTO RICO January 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations Office Oak Ridge, Tennessee DOE/EA-1394: Public Access to the BONUS Facility January 2003 ii TABLE OF CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES V LIST OF TABLES V ACRONYMS VI UNIT ABBREVIATIONS VII SUMMARY VIII 1. INTRODUCTION 10 1.1 Purpose and Need for Action 10 1.2 Operational and Decommissioning History 15 1.3 Summary of Radiological Conditions at the BONUS Facility 19 2. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES 25

129

202-328-5000 www.rff.orgAllowance Allocation in a CO2 Emissions Cap-and-Trade Program for the Electricity Sector in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The regulation of greenhouse gas emissions from the electricity sector within a cap-and-trade system poses significant policy questions about how to allocate tradable emission allowances. Allocation conveys tremendous value and can have efficiency consequences. This research uses simulation modeling for the electricity sector to examine different approaches to allocation under a cap-and-trade program in California. The decision affects prices and other aspects of the electricity sector, as well as implications for the overall cost of climate policy. An important issue is the opportunity for emission reductions in California to be offset by emission increases in neighboring regions that supply electricity to the state. The amount of emission leakage (i.e. an increase in CO2 emissions outside of California as a result of the program) varies with the regulatory design of the program.

Karen Palmer Dallas Burtraw; Karen Palmer; Dallas Burtraw; Anthony Paul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Hint-based cooperative caching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents the design, implementation, and measurement of a hint-based cooperative caching file system. Hints allow clients to make decisions based on local state, enabling a loosely coordinated system that is simple to implement. The resulting ... Keywords: cooperative caching, hints

Prasenjit Sarkar; John H. Hartman

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Village of Silver Springs, New York (Utility Company) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Silver Springs Silver Springs Place New York Utility Id 17186 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Demand Metered Commercial General Non-Demand Commercial Private Outdoor Lighting (1000 Wattage) Lighting Private Outdoor Lighting (175 Wattage) Lighting Residential Residential Street Lighting Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.0691/kWh Commercial: $0.0587/kWh Industrial: $0.0449/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

132

Scatter correction in cone-beam CT via a half beam blocker technique allowing simultaneous acquisition of scatter and image information  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: X-ray scatter incurred to detectors degrades the quality of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and represents a problem in volumetric image guided and adaptive radiation therapy. Several methods using a beam blocker for the estimation and subtraction of scatter have been proposed. However, due to missing information resulting from the obstruction of the blocker, such methods require dual scanning or dynamically moving blocker to obtain a complete volumetric image. Here, we propose a half beam blocker-based approach, in conjunction with a total variation (TV) regularized Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) algorithm, to correct scatter-induced artifacts by simultaneously acquiring image and scatter information from a single-rotation CBCT scan. Methods: A half beam blocker, comprising lead strips, is used to simultaneously acquire image data on one side of the projection data and scatter data on the other half side. One-dimensional cubic B-Spline interpolation/extrapolation is applied to derive patient specific scatter information by using the scatter distributions on strips. The estimated scatter is subtracted from the projection image acquired at the opposite view. With scatter-corrected projections where this subtraction is completed, the FDK algorithm based on a cosine weighting function is performed to reconstruct CBCT volume. To suppress the noise in the reconstructed CBCT images produced by geometric errors between two opposed projections and interpolated scatter information, total variation regularization is applied by a minimization using a steepest gradient descent optimization method. The experimental studies using Catphan504 and anthropomorphic phantoms were carried out to evaluate the performance of the proposed scheme. Results: The scatter-induced shading artifacts were markedly suppressed in CBCT using the proposed scheme. Compared with CBCT without a blocker, the nonuniformity value was reduced from 39.3% to 3.1%. The root mean square error relative to values inside the regions of interest selected from a benchmark scatter free image was reduced from 50 to 11.3. The TV regularization also led to a better contrast-to-noise ratio. Conclusions: An asymmetric half beam blocker-based FDK acquisition and reconstruction technique has been established. The proposed scheme enables simultaneous detection of patient specific scatter and complete volumetric CBCT reconstruction without additional requirements such as prior images, dual scans, or moving strips.

Lee, Ho; Xing Lei; Lee, Rena; Fahimian, Benjamin P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5847 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 158-710 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5847 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Piezoelectric based high voltage power simulator for implantation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is based on resonant method that allows the piezoelectric transformer to generate a ... The device is small and with high power density and high efficiency

134

Developing, Integrating, and Sharing Web-Based Resources for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In light of this success, we are exploring ways in which web-based content .... Javascript, and Java allows the production of significantly interactive web pages.

135

Multi-level decision-based system architecting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Decision-based system architecting represents a complex system as a set of interconnected decisions that a .system architect can make about the trade space. Modeling a system using decision-based frameworks allows the ...

Guest, Arthur N. (Arthur Norman)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Amorphous silicon solar cell allowing infrared transmission  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An amorphous silicon solar cell with a layer of high index of refraction material or a series of layers having high and low indices of refraction material deposited upon a transparent substrate to reflect light of energies greater than the bandgap energy of the amorphous silicon back into the solar cell and transmit solar radiation having an energy less than the bandgap energy of the amorphous silicon.

Carlson, David E. (Yardley, PA)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Allowances and Part-time Award  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Massachusetts Amherst College of Engineering Department of Electrical and Computer: The ECE Design Project enables undergraduate students in the Department of Electrical and Computer. The workshop environment inspires the apprentice engineer and provides the tools needed to plan and achieve

138

THE FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY Allowable Unencumbered Disbursements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.vpfa.fsu.edu/policies/bmanual/purchasing.html#sub) · Utilities (water, electric, sewer, gas, refuse disposal) · Vehicle tags for University vehicles. This can outside the Tallahassee area · Hotels' Direct Billings #12;

McQuade, D. Tyler

139

EPICS BASE  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002230MLTPL00 Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System BASE http://www.aps.anl.gov/epics

140

ComEd - Business Instant Lighting Discounts Program (Illinois...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lamps include screw-in CFLs, reduced wattage T8 and T5 linear fluorescents, screw-in LED lamps and LED trim kits and reduced wattage ceramic metal halide lamps. All incentives...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

(SAN DIEGO ASSOCIATION OF GOVERNMENTS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, or Light Emitting Diode. The lamps were also classified by location in the house, wattage, hardwired vs

143

PUTTING KNOWLEDGE TO WORK The University of Georgia and Ft. Valley State College, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and counties of the state cooperating.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

choosing a light bulb, the lumen output should always be considered. A lumen is how much light is produced, while wattage is the amount of power used to produce that light. In general, higher wattage bulbs wattage light bulbs. In some

Navara, Kristen

144

Computer Based Training: Pressure Measurement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ETTM Pressure Measurement is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. The purpose of this training module is to provide an understanding of the engineering principles associated with pressure measurement through the review of: Definitions and laws, Operation of some typical plant pressure instruments and, Installation and correction considerations that will...

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

145

FAST Program Computer Based Training  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FAST CBT is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and interactive features to enhance learning. This computer based training module was created to help instruct users on an existing EPRI engineering computer program Product ID# 1004565 (FAST 1.0 Flow Path Analysis for Steam Turbines, Version 1.0). Users of this training will consist mainly of steam turbine performance engineers and outage managers. A subjec...

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

146

Multiple Example Queries in Content-Based Image Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Content-Based Image Retrieval (cbir) is the practical class of techniques used for information retrieval from large image collections. Many CBIR systems allow users to specify their information need by providing an example image. This query-by-example ...

Seyed M. M. Tahaghoghi; James A. Thom; Hugh E. Williams

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A platform based approach for embedded systems software development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A platform based approach for product development allows companies to eliminate redundancies, efficiently utilize its resources and provide products for a wider market. The basic idea is to develop and share key components ...

Seth, Deepak

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

On Graph Based Interaction for Semantic Query Languages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the last years, several proposals have been presented concerning graphical query languages working on diagrammatic representations of semantic data models. Such proposals are mainly based on two different user interaction modalities, i.e., to allow ...

Giuseppe Santucci

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

ID-based proxy signature scheme with message recovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A proxy signature scheme, introduced by Mambo, Usuda and Okamoto, allows an entity to delegate its signing rights to another entity. Identity based public key cryptosystems are a good alternative for a certificate based public key setting, especially ... Keywords: Bilinear pairing, ID-based signature, Mobile agent, Proxy signature, Signature with message recovery

Harendra Singh; Girraj Kumar Verma

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Base Elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Principal effects of superalloy base elements on alloy characteristics...to γ? or γ? Requires fcc stabilizer Cobalt prices have been known to be volatile in the past. Suitable for creep-resistant applications with low stresses or

151

Evaporative Testing Requirements for Dual-Fuel Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)/Gasoline and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)/Gasoline Vehicles Revision of MAC #99-01 To Allow Subtraction of Methane Emissions from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The attached MAC clarifies the Air Resources Board's procedures regarding evaporative emission testing of dual-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicles. This MAC revises and supersedes MAC #99-01 by allowing manufacturers to determine, report, and subtract methane emissions when a dual-fuel CNG/gasoline vehicle is tested for evaporative emissions. A related revision clarifies that for dual-fuel CNG/gasoline medium-duty vehicles, the applicable LEV I evaporative emission standards, which are dependent on the fuel tank capacity of the medium-duty vehicles, are determined solely on the fuel tank capacity of the gasoline fuel system. If you have any questions or comments, please contact Mr. Steven Hada, Air

Alan C. Lloyd, Ph.D.; Arnold Schwarzenegger; All Heavy-duty Vehicle Manufacturers

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Power shifts in web-based translation memory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Web-based translation memory (TM) is a recent and little-studied development that is changing the way localisation projects are conducted. This article looks at the technology that allows for the sharing of TM databases over the internet to find out ... Keywords: Internationalization, Localization, Machine-aided translation, Translation memory, Web-based translation

Ignacio Garcia

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Context-based distribution of points of interest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Location Based Services are a wide spread service family available at each mobile platform. One occurrence comprise services that allows users to find restaurants, hotels, sights, ATMs, gas stations, etc., i.e. points of interest (POIs). The next generation ... Keywords: authorization management, context-awareness, information sharing, location based services (lbs), points of interest (poi), user empowerment, user managed access

Mario Hoffmann; Alam Mohammad; Suleman Khan

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Oblivious transfer with complex attribute-based access control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present oblivious transfer with complex attribute-based access control policies. The protocol allows a database server to directly enforce "and" and "or" access control policies (c11 ? c12 ... Keywords: access control, attribute-based encryption, oblivious transfer

Lingling Xu; Fangguo Zhang

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Rule-based programming for integrative biological modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Systems biology aims at integrating processes at various time and spatial scales into a single and coherent formal description to allow computer modeling. In this context, we focus on rule-based modeling and its integration in the domain-specific language ... Keywords: Domain-specific languages, Rule-based modeling, Spatial systems biology

Olivier Michel; Antoine Spicher; Jean-Louis Giavitto

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Learning Similarity Matching in Multimedia Content-Based Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AbstractMany multimedia content-based retrieval systems allow query formulation with user setting of relative importance of features (e.g., color, texture, shape, etc) to mimic the user's perception of similarity. However, the systems do not modify ... Keywords: Content-based retrieval, image retrieval, multimedia databases, learning, ranking, similarity matching, relevance feedback.

Joo-Hwee Lim; Jian Kang Wu; Sumeet Singh; Desai Narasimhalu

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Ciphertext policy attribute-based encryption from lattices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sahai and Waters [6] proposed Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE) as a new paradigm of encryption algorithms that allow the sender to set a policy describing who can decrypt a particular ciphertext. In this paper, we first propose a ciphertext policy attribute-based ...

Jiang Zhang; Zhenfeng Zhang; Aijun Ge

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Robust Solution to Difficult Hydrogen Issues When Shipping Transuranic Waste to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) has been open, receiving, and disposing of transuranic (TRU) waste since March 26, 1999. The majority of the waste has a path forward for shipment to and disposal at the WIPP, but there are about two percent (2%) or approximately 3,020 cubic meters (m{sup 3}) of the volume of TRU waste (high wattage TRU waste) that is not shippable because of gas generation limits set by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). This waste includes plutonium-238 waste, solidified organic waste, and other high plutonium-239 wastes. Flammable gases are potentially generated during transport of TRU waste by the radiolysis of hydrogenous materials and therefore, the concentration at the end of the shipping period must be predicted. Two options are currently available to TRU waste sites for solving this problem: (1) gas generation testing on each drum, and (2) waste form modification by repackaging and/or treatment. Repackaging some of the high wattage waste may require up to 20:1 drum increase to meet the gas generation limits of less than five percent (5%) hydrogen in the inner most layer of confinement (the layer closest to the waste). (This is the limit set by the NRC.) These options increase waste handling and transportation risks and there are high costs and potential worker exposure associated with repackaging this high-wattage TRU waste. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) is pursuing a twofold approach to develop a shipping path for these wastes. They are: regulatory change and technology development. For the regulatory change, a more detailed knowledge of the high wattage waste (e.g., void volumes, gas generation potential of specific chemical constituents) may allow refinement of the current assumptions in the gas generation model for Safety Analysis Reports for Packaging for Contact-Handled (CH) TRU waste. For technology development, one of the options being pursued is the use of a robust container, the ARROW-PAK{trademark} System. (1) The ARROW-PAK{trademark} is a macroencapsulation treatment technology, developed by Boh Environmental, LLC, New Orleans, Louisiana. This technology has been designed to withstand any unexpected hydrogen deflagration (i.e. no consequence) and other benefits such as criticality control.

Countiss, S. S.; Basabilvazo, G. T.; Moody, D. C. III; Lott, S. A.; Pickerell, M.; Baca, T.; CH2M Hill; Tujague, S.; Svetlik, H.; Hannah, T.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

159

T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix 9: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution T-559: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution February 17, 2011 - 7:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution. PLATFORM: IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 ABSTRACT: Stack-based buffer overflow in oninit in IBM Informix Dynamic Server (IDS) 11.50 allows remote execution attackers to execute arbitrary code via crafted arguments in the USELASTCOMMITTED session environment option in a SQL SET ENVIRONMENT statement. reference LINKS: Security Database - Reference - CVE-2011-1033 CVE Details - Reference - CVE-2011-1033

160

Agent-Based Modeling of Intracellular Transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop an agent-based model of the motion and pattern formation of vesicles. These intracellular particles can be found in four different modes of (undirected and directed) motion and can fuse with other vesicles. While the size of vesicles follows a log-normal distribution that changes over time due to fusion processes, their spatial distribution gives rise to distinct patterns. Their occurrence depends on the concentration of proteins which are synthesized based on the transcriptional activities of some genes. Hence, differences in these spatio-temporal vesicle patterns allow indirect conclusions about the (unknown) impact of these genes. By means of agent-based computer simulations we are able to reproduce such patterns on real temporal and spatial scales. Our modeling approach is based on Brownian agents with an internal degree of freedom, $\\theta$, that represents the different modes of motion. Conditions inside the cell are modeled by an effective potential that differs for agents dependent on their...

Birbaumer, Mirko; 10.1140/epjb/e2011-20283-x

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Satellite-Based Quantum Communications  

SciTech Connect

Single-photon quantum communications (QC) offers the attractive feature of 'future proof', forward security rooted in the laws of quantum physics. Ground based quantum key distribution (QKD) experiments in optical fiber have attained transmission ranges in excess of 200km, but for larger distances we proposed a methodology for satellite-based QC. Over the past decade we have devised solutions to the technical challenges to satellite-to-ground QC, and we now have a clear concept for how space-based QC could be performed and potentially utilized within a trusted QKD network architecture. Functioning as a trusted QKD node, a QC satellite ('QC-sat') could deliver secret keys to the key stores of ground-based trusted QKD network nodes, to each of which multiple users are connected by optical fiber or free-space QC. A QC-sat could thereby extend quantum-secured connectivity to geographically disjoint domains, separated by continental or inter-continental distances. In this paper we describe our system concept that makes QC feasible with low-earth orbit (LEO) QC-sats (200-km-2,000-km altitude orbits), and the results of link modeling of expected performance. Using the architecture that we have developed, LEO satellite-to-ground QKD will be feasible with secret bit yields of several hundred 256-bit AES keys per contact. With multiple ground sites separated by {approx} 100km, mitigation of cloudiness over any single ground site would be possible, potentially allowing multiple contact opportunities each day. The essential next step is an experimental QC-sat. A number of LEO-platforms would be suitable, ranging from a dedicated, three-axis stabilized small satellite, to a secondary experiment on an imaging satellite. to the ISS. With one or more QC-sats, low-latency quantum-secured communications could then be provided to ground-based users on a global scale. Air-to-ground QC would also be possible.

Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mc Cabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Newell, Raymond T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

162

'Follow me': a web-based, location-sharing architecture for large, indoor environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We leverage the ubiquity of bluetooth-enabled devices and propose a decentralized, web-based architecture that allows users to share their location by following each other in the style of Twitter. We demonstrate a prototype ...

Ypodimatopoulos, Polychronis

163

MRNet: A Software-Based Multicast/Reduction Network for Scalable Tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present MRNet, a software-based multicast/reduction network for building scalable performance and system administration tools. MRNet supports multiple simultaneous, asynchronous collective communication operations. MRNet is flexible, allowing tool ... Keywords: Scalability, tools, multicast, reduction,aggregation

Philip C. Roth; Dorian C. Arnold; Barton P. Miller

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Reliability analysis of component-based systems with multiple failure modes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a novel approach to the reliability modeling and analysis of a component-based system that allows dealing with multiple failure modes and studying the error propagation among components. The proposed model permits to specify the components ...

Antonio Filieri; Carlo Ghezzi; Vincenzo Grassi; Raffaela Mirandola

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Volunteering for market-based environmental regulation : the substitution provision of the SO? emissions trading program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the practical and welfare implications of a system of voluntary compliance within a market-based environmental regulation. The Substitution Provision of the SO2 emissions trading program allows the ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

166

Simulating the performance of a class-based weighted fair queueing system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Class Based Weighted Fair Queueing (CBWFQ) is a very important router discipline that allows different types of Internet Protocol (IP) traffic like voice, video, and best effort data to receive the required quality of service measures they individually ...

Martin J. Fischer; Denise M. Bevilacqua Masi; John F. Shortle

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

The Discrete Event Concept as a Paradigm for the Perception-Based Diagnosis of Sachem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sachem is an extensive large-scale real time knowledge-based system designed to monitor and diagnose blast furnaces. This paper aims at illustrating the way the concept of discrete event allowed the definition of a perception-based diagnosis ... Keywords: artificial intelligence, discrete event systems, fault diagnosis, knowledge-based systems, monitored control systems

Marc Le Goc; Claudia Frydman

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Host Event Based Network Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of INLs research on this project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a host event based network monitoring tool and the effects on host performance. Current host based network monitoring tools work on polling which can miss activity if it occurs between polls. Instead of polling, a tool could be developed that makes use of event APIs in the operating system to receive asynchronous notifications of network activity. Analysis and logging of these events will allow the tool to construct the complete real-time and historical network configuration of the host while the tool is running. This research focused on three major operating systems commonly used by SCADA systems: Linux, WindowsXP, and Windows7. Windows 7 offers two paths that have minimal impact on the system and should be seriously considered. First is the new Windows Event Logging API, and, second, Windows 7 offers the ALE API within WFP. Any future work should focus on these methods.

Jonathan Chugg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

ComEd - Business Instant Lighting Discounts Program (Illinois...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Industrial, Multi-Family Residential, Private Schools Eligible Technologies Lighting, LED Lighting, Reduced Wattage Metal Halide Lamps, LED Trim Kits, Screw-In CFL's Active...

170

BEST Winery Guidebook: Benchmarking and Energy and Water Savings Tool for the Wine Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to effect the system overall. System Changes Trigeneration.In BEST Winery, we show trigeneration in the refrigerationmore information on trigeneration. Reduce wattage lighting/

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst; Radspieler, Anthony; Healy, Patrick; Zechiel, Susanne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Loosely tree-based alignment for machine translation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We augment a model of translation based on re-ordering nodes in syntactic trees in order to allow alignments not conforming to the original tree structure, while keeping computational complexity polynomial in the sentence length. This is done by adding ...

Daniel Gildea

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

A Scalable Topic-Based Open Source Search Engine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Site-based or topic-specific search engines work with mixed success because of the general difficulty of the information retrieval task, and the lack of good link information to allow authorities to be identified. We are advocating an open source approach ...

Wray Buntine; Jaakko Lofstrom; Jukka Perkio; Sami Perttu; Vladimir Poroshin; Tomi Silander; Henry Tirri; Antti Tuominen; Ville Tuulos

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Aerodynamic levitator allows samples to "float on air"  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

something to hold the claret. To scientists, however, glass is a liquid that has lost its mobility, yet keeps its memory of being a liquid. Both liquids and glasses are disordered...

174

Is allowing trading enough? Making secondary markets in spectrum work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The debate on spectrum reforms has mostly focused on the choice between a property rights and a commons regime. This article argues that moving to a property right system requires careful attention to details in order to avoid that ''micro'' rather than ... Keywords: Efficiency, Impediments, Licence variations, Spectrum, Trading

Pietro Crocioni

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modifications to the engine exhaust aftertreatment emissionsfor engine regenerations and emission aftertreatment

Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Second generation sequencing allows for mtDNA mixture ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of additional discrimi- nation power, yet their ... using the NextGENe software package from SoftGenetics, Inc ... 18 savolainen P, Rosen b, Holmberg A ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Natural Gas Allows for...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

its entire diesel refuse-hauler fleet to clean-burning liquefied natural gas (LNG). The fleet worked with Sacramento Clean Cities, the local air district, and other...

178

Abstract VISVIP allows web site developers and usability ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... There is also a control menu, managed by Tcl/Tk, that presents the many non-spatial operationsprovided by VISVIP (see Figure 6). These two ...

179

Oliktok Dock allows quick offloading of oil field modules  

SciTech Connect

A discussion of the design and construction of the Oliktok Dock, which serves the Kuparuk River oil fields of the Alaskan North Slope, was presented. The dockhead construction required 18,000 linear ft of HZ 800-16 Arbed sheetpile walls which extended from an elevation of -40 to +10 ft. The project began in mid-summer and was completed in November and cost $5 million.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Auctioning of EU ETS Phase II allowances: how and why?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

practice,ofcourse,thesefactorsvary considerablybetweensectors,andindeed,companiesandfacilitieswithinsectors.Non? participating sectorswith high electricity consumption (such as aluminium)will face substantiallyhighercostsduetohigherelectricity... auctioned 5% and used the revenue to purchase JI/CDM credits, Hungary auctioned 2.4%, Lithuania auctioned 1.5%, and Ireland auctioned 0.75%, with European?wide eligibility, to cover the administrativecostsofthescheme. 3Intheyear...

Hepburn, Cameron; Grubb, Michael; Neuhoff, Karsten; Matthes, Felix; Tse, Maximilien

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Not-So-Precious: Stripping Gold From AFM Probes Allows ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... AB Churnside, RMA Sullan, DM Nguyen, SO Case, MS Bull, GM King and TT Perkins. Routine and timely sub-piconewton ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

182

United States and Latvian Governments Sign Agreement to Allow...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of HEU in research reactors worldwide. To date, Russia has accepted approximately 105 kilograms of fresh Russian-origin HEU from six countries under GTRI's Russian Research Reactor...

183

Zoe Industries: Notice of Allowance (2011-SW-2912) | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

showing that it had modified the model to be in compliance with the applicable water conservation standard. Zoe had ceased distribution of the model following DOE's...

184

Canada's new gas export pricing policy allows floating price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canada's new gas export pricing policy is discussed. Under the revised natural gas export policy, Canadian exporters will be free to either negotiate the pricing of exports with their US customers or to retain the existing two-tiered pricing system. The new policy is an attempt to stabilize exports in the short term and provide increased sales opportunities over the medium and long terms.

Not Available

1984-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

185

Result, Using Surface Representations Allows the Creation of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gmented by three attachments (appearing in the small windows at the right edge). The primary attachment in this case is one that searches the surface for strings of text. (In this case we have searched first for "architecture" and then for "applications", thereby highlighting two objects.) When the text search attachment finds text it creates a reference to all located instances and gives them to a second bookmarker attachment. The bookmarker remembers references from any number of sources, manipulates them and modifies the application's display to show where they are located. It acts as a general highlighting or pointing device, working by blending selected object with gray and drawing colored boxes around selected objects. (The highlight rectangle to the left is drawn in red, and the one on the right is drawn in blue, matching the colors of the first and second bookmarks respectively.) In the example shown in Figur

Much More Widely; Dan R. Olsen; Scott E. Hudson; Thorn Verratti; Jeremy M. Heiner; Matt Phelps

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Validation Testing for the PM-PEMS Measurement Allowance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Digital Loc1 PEMS3 Digital Loc2 Event Trigger PEMS3 TailpipeDigital Loc1 PEMS3 Digital Loc2 Event Trigger PEMS3 TailpipeEvent Trig THC ppm Event Trigger Sample Time (sec) Figure 4-

Johnson, K; Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Khan, M Y

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Charles County- Agricultural Preservation Districts- Renewable Generation Allowed  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Charles County provides that producing energy "from solar, wind, biomass, and farm waste and residue crops" is a permitted agricultural use in areas zoned as Agricultural Preservation Districts.

188

Shape memorry allow heat engines and energy harvesting systems  

SciTech Connect

A heat engine includes a first rotatable pulley and a second rotatable pulled spaced from the first rotatable pulley. A shape memory alloy (SMA) element is disposed about respective portions of the pulleys at an SMA pulley ratio. The SMA element includes first spring coil and a first fiber core within the first spring coil. A timing cable is disposed about disposed about respective portions of the pulleys at a timing pulley ratio, which is different than the SMA pulley ratio. The SMA element converts a thermal energy gradient between the hot region and the cold region into mechanical energy.

Browne, Alan L; Johnson, Nancy L; Keefe, Andrew C; Alexander, Paul W; Sarosi, Peter Maxwell; Herrera, Guillermo A; Yates, James Ryan

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

189

INTRODUCTION In order to allow intelligent power control and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will complement and draw on the contributions of the SGIP's Smart Grid Architecture Committee (SGAC). #12;Figure 3 components. Each organization must develop a security architecture for each Smart Grid information system Introduction to NISTIR 7628 Guidelines for Smart Grid Cyber Security The Smart Grid

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

190

Base isolation case study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary objective of this thesis is the introduction of the current code, ASCE 7-05 into the base isolation design and the analysis of base isolation response due to seismic forces. An eight story irregular structure ...

Ching, Kenneth A. (Kenneth Apostol)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Glossary | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R-value R-value A measure (h ft2 °F/Btu) of thermal resistance, or how well a material or series of materials resists the flow of heat. The R-value is the reciprocal of the U-factor. Radiant Heating System A heating system that transfers heat to objects and surfaces within the heated space primarily (greater than 50%) by infrared radiation. Raised Truss Raised truss refers to any roof/ceiling construction that allows the insulation to achieve its full thickness over the plate line of exterior walls. Several constructions allow for this, including elevating the heel (sometimes referred to as an energy truss, raised-heel truss, or Arkansas truss), use of cantilevered or oversized trusses, lowering the ceiling joists, or framing with a raised rafter plate. Rated Lamp Wattage

192

Electron Based Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Characterization of Materials through High Resolution Coherent Imaging: Electron Based Techniques Sponsored by: TMS Structural Materials...

193

Lattice-based Cryptography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this chapter we describe some of the recent progress in lattice-based cryptography. Lattice-based cryptographic constructions hold a great promise for post-quantum cryptography, as they enjoy very strong security proofs based on worst-case hardness, relatively efficient implementations, as well as great simplicity. In addition, lattice-based cryptography is believed to be secure against quantum computers. Our focus here

Daniele Micciancio; Oded Regev

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Object-Based Evaluation of a Storm-Scale Ensemble during the 2009 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Object-based verification of deterministic forecasts from a convection-allowing ensemble for the 2009 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment is conducted. The average of object attributes is compared between forecasts and observations ...

Aaron Johnson; Xuguang Wang

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Extending the limits of Weatherlings: a ubiquitous, educational, multiplayer, web-based game for mobile and desktop platforms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UbiqGames is a project that aims to create ubiquitous, educational, multi-player games. Built under UbiqGames framework, Weatherlings is a web-based educational game, which allows players to collaborate in a networked ...

Sasmaz, Yunus

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Over-allocation or abatement? : a preliminary analysis of the EU ETS based on the 2005 emission data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an initial analysis of the EU ETS based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, released on May 15, 2006, and subsequent ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Over-Allocation or Abatement? A Preliminary Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Based on the 2005 Emissions Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an initial analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

198

Information systems continuance intention of web-based applications customers: The case of online banking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The proliferation of the Internet has not only allowed businesses to offer their products and services through web-based applications, but it has also undermined their ability to retain their customers. It has reduced search costs, opened up barriers ... Keywords: Commitment, Commitment-Trust theory, End-user relationship, Relationship marketing, Retention, Trust, Web-based application

Banphot Vatanasombut; Magid Igbaria; Antonis C. Stylianou; Waymond Rodgers

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Rapid Development of Web-Based Query Interfaces for XML Datasets with QURSED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

User Interfaces, XML, Query Interface. 1. INTRODUCTION Web-based query forms and reports (QFRs) allow and reports (QFRs). Each publication element can be classified into one of three types based on its structure, i.e. an article (journal), a book or an inproceedings (conference). While all types of publications

Petropoulos, Michalis

200

A particle-based method for large-scale breaking waves simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address in this paper the problem of particle-based simulation of breaking waves. We present a new set of equations based on oceanographic research which allow us to deal with several types of breaking waves and multiple wave trains with full control ...

Emmanuelle Darles; Benoit Crespin; Djamchid Ghazanfarpour

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Enriching the output of a parser using memory-based learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a method for enriching the output of a parser with information available in a corpus. The method is based on graph rewriting using memory-based learning, applied to dependency structures. This general framework allows us to accurately recover ...

Valentin Jijkoun; Maarten de Rijke

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

XML-based Test Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A test accelerator that provides core reusable components, yet allows input and output formats to be defined by the user, will facilitate building ...

2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

203

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

204

A web-based virtual lighting simulator  

SciTech Connect

This paper is about a web-based ''virtual lighting simulator,'' which is intended to allow architects and lighting designers to quickly assess the effect of key parameters on the daylighting and lighting performance in various space types. The virtual lighting simulator consists of a web-based interface that allows navigation through a large database of images and data, which were generated through parametric lighting simulations. At its current form, the virtual lighting simulator has two main modules, one for daylighting and one for electric lighting. The daylighting module includes images and data for a small office space, varying most key daylighting parameters, such as window size and orientation, glazing type, surface reflectance, sky conditions, time of the year, etc. The electric lighting module includes images and data for five space types (classroom, small office, large open office, warehouse and small retail), varying key lighting parameters, such as the electric lighting system, surface reflectance, dimming/switching, etc. The computed images include perspectives and plans and are displayed in various formats to support qualitative as well as quantitative assessment. The quantitative information is in the form of iso-contour lines superimposed on the images, as well as false color images and statistical information on work plane illuminance. The qualitative information includes images that are adjusted to account for the sensitivity and adaptation of the human eye. The paper also includes a section on the major technical issues and their resolution.

Papamichael, Konstantinos; Lai, Judy; Fuller, Daniel; Tariq, Tara

2002-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

205

Role Based Access Control  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nash and Poland [10] discuss the application of role based access control to cryptographic authentication devices commonly used in the banking ...

206

The model of information retrieval based on the theory of hypercomplex numerical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper provided a description of a new model of information retrieval, which is an extension of vector-space model and is based on the principles of the theory of hypercomplex numerical systems. The model allows to some extent realize the idea of fuzzy search and allows you to apply in practice the model of information retrieval practical developments in the field of hypercomplex numerical systems.

Lande, D V; Boyarinova, Yu E

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Web based portfolio optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The portfolio optimization is implemented as e-service through Internet. Four-tier client-server model of WAN-based information system is designed satisfying the intersection of several domains: financial investments, optimization theory and information ... Keywords: portfolio optimization, system algorithmic architecture of information systems, web based information system

Todor Stoilov; Krasimira Stoilova

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

MARKET BASED APPROACHES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BASED BASED APPROACHES K.G. DULEEP MANAGING DIRECTOR EEA BACKGROUND * Introduction of fuel-cell vehicles and jump- starting the market will require significant government actions in the near term * Widespread understanding that command- and-control regulations can work for only very low sales volume. * Increased public sales and acceptance will need development of market based policies. ANALYSIS OBJECTIVES * EEA currently evaluating a number of market based approaches to enhancing fuel economy of conventional and hybrid vehicles. * Primary objective of effort is to evaluate a range of market based approaches that can be implemented when FCV models are market ready, and identify ones that could make a difference. * Effort is in the context of modifying existing approaches to special needs of FCVs

209

A Reference Based Analysis Framework for Analyzing System Call Traces  

SciTech Connect

Reference based analysis (RBA) is a novel data mining tool for exploring a test data set with respect to a reference data set. The power of RBA lies in it ability to transform any complex data type, such as symbolic sequences and multi-variate categorical data instances, into a multivariate continuous representation. The transformed representation not only allows visualization of the complex data, which cannot be otherwise visualized in its original form, but also allows enhanced anomaly detection in the transformed feature space. We demonstrate the application of the RBA framework in analyzing system call traces and show how the transformation results in improved intrusion detection performance over state of art data mining based intrusion detection methods developed for system call traces.

Chandola, Varun [ORNL; Kumar, Vipin [University of Minnesota; Boriah, Shyam [University of Minnesota

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

JBIG2 Symbol Dictionary Design Based on Minimum Spanning Trees  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The JBIG2 standard is a very flexible bi-level image coding strategy based on pattern matching. The encoder collects a set of symbols in a dictionary and encodes a page by reference to the dictionary symbols. JBIG2 allows the encoder to view all symbols and choose a good set for the dictionary. In this paper, we examine the bit rate trade-off that arises in choosing different dictionary sizes. In particular, we propose a suboptimal dictionary design technique based on minimum spanning trees. This technique gives competitive compression ratios and allows us to specify the dictionary size almost arbitrarily, thus providing a way to study the bit rate trade-off problem in detail. Keywords: JBIG2, Text image compression, Symbol dictionary, Minimum spanning tree 1

Yan Ye; Pamela Cosman

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Location-based communication services  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our demo shows end-user-oriented location-based services based on application-layer, human understandable location descriptions. Keywords: internet telephony, location-based services

Xiaotao Wu; Ron Shacham; Matthew J. Mintz-Habib; Kundan Singh; Henning Schulzrinne

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Evaluation of H2 Getter Materials for Use in the TRUPACT-II  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Savannah River Site (SRS) has many waste drums containing Pu-238 that exceed the currently allowed wattage for transportation in the Transuranic Package Transporter-II (TRUPACT-II). By eliminating layers of confinement in waste drums and using getters to remove hydrogen gas, the TRUPACT-II waste loading can be increased significantly, with the potential of reaching the package''s 40-watt thermal limit. The cost savings associated with increasing the waste loading are enormous, and can be measured by reduced numbers of shipments, required processing facilities, and years of effort. To support the decision-making process and provide a good starting point for future development efforts at SRTC, the design requirements for a getter system to be used in the TRUPACT-II were compiled and are discussed in detail in the Appendix.

Livingston, R.R.

1999-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Hydrogen Based Bacteria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Based Bacteria Hydrogen Based Bacteria Name: Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: i was in my Biology class and a very respectable someone mentioned something about the discovery of a hydrogen based bacteria. my teacher wasnt aware of this study, and assigned me to find out about it. so i thought i would Email you and see if you people knew anything about it. Awaiting your repsonse Replies: I'm not quite sure what you mean by hydrogen based bacteria but I will take a stab that you mean bacteria that use hydrogen for energy. Some bacteria are chemolithotrophs which mean that they are autrophs but don't use the sun as their energy source; they get their energy from chemical sources. There are bacteria that use hydrogen as their energy source. They are diverse as a group and are all facultative. The overall chemical reaction looks like this:

214

Uranium-Based Catalysts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uranium-Based Catalysts S. H. Overbury, Cyrus Riahi-Nezhad, Zongtao Zhang, Sheng Dai, and Jonathan Haire Oak Ridge National Laboratory* P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, Tennessee...

215

Vision based robot navigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we propose a vision-based robot navigation system that constructs a high level topological representation of the world. A robot using this system learns to recognize rooms and spaces by building a hidden ...

Roth, Daniel R. (Daniel Risner), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Attenuation Based Remedies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The mission of the Attenuation Based Remedies in the Subsurface Applied Field Research Initiative is to seek holistic solutions to DOEs groundwater contamination problems that consider not only...

217

Bio-Based Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Almost all of the products we currently make from fossil fuels can also be made from biomass. These bioproducts, or bio-based products, are not only made from renewable sources, but they also often...

218

Evidence-based medicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whether for the generation or application of evidence to guide healthcare decisions, the success of evidence-based medicine is grounded in principles common to engineering. In the Learning Healthcare System envisioned by the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) ...

J. Michael Mcginnis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Performance-based Contracting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-based Contracting Performance-based Contracting [Reference: FAR 37.6; DEAR 970.1001] Overview This section provides guidance and instruction for the development and administration of Performance-Based Contracting concepts for the Department's management and operating contracts, and other major operating contracts, as appropriate. Background In 1997, the Department published a final rule (62 FR 34842) which implemented a number of recommendations principally in areas relating to the acquisition processes of its management and operating contracts. One of these recommendations involved the adoption of performance-based contracting concepts. Since the beginning of its contract reform initiatives, the Department has tested a number of approaches to conform its use of fee to such concepts. A core consideration in the application of

220

Copula Based Hierarchical Bayesian Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main objective of our study is to employ copula methodology to develop Bayesian hierarchical models to study the dependencies exhibited by temporal, spatial and spatio-temporal processes. We develop hierarchical models for both discrete and continuous outcomes. In doing so we expect to address the dearth of copula based Bayesian hierarchical models to study hydro-meteorological events and other physical processes yielding discrete responses. First, we present Bayesian methods of analysis for longitudinal binary outcomes using Generalized Linear Mixed models (GLMM). We allow flexible marginal association among the repeated outcomes from different time-points. An unique property of this copula-based GLMM is that if the marginal link function is integrated over the distribution of the random effects, its form remains same as that of the conditional link function. This unique property enables us to retain the physical interpretation of the fixed effects under conditional and marginal model and yield proper posterior distribution. We illustrate the performance of the posited model using real life AIDS data and demonstrate its superiority over the traditional Gaussian random effects model. We develop a semiparametric extension of our GLMM and re-analyze the data from the AIDS study. Next, we propose a general class of models to handle non-Gaussian spatial data. The proposed model can deal with geostatistical data that can accommodate skewness, tail-heaviness, multimodality. We fix the distribution of the marginal processes and induce dependence via copulas. We illustrate the superior predictive performance of our approach in modeling precipitation data as compared to other kriging variants. Thereafter, we employ mixture kernels as the copula function to accommodate non-stationary data. We demonstrate the adequacy of this non-stationary model by analyzing permeability data. In both cases we perform extensive simulation studies to investigate the performances of the posited models under misspecification. Finally, we take up the important problem of modeling multivariate extreme values with copulas. We describe, in detail, how dependences can be induced in the block maxima approach and peak over threshold approach by an extreme value copula. We prove the ability of the posited model to handle both strong and weak extremal dependence and derive the conditions for posterior propriety. We analyze the extreme precipitation events in the continental United States for the past 98 years and come up with a suite of predictive maps.

Ghosh, Souparno

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Optimization Online - Semidefinite Programming Based ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 8, 2013 ... umons.ac.be) ... We also show how an active-set method allow us to apply the preconditioning on large-scale real-world hyperspectral images.

222

Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GFD-R-P.206 GFD-R-P.206 NML-WG nml-wg@ogf.org Jeroen van der Ham, UvA (editor) Freek Dijkstra, SURFsara Roman Łapacz, PSNC Jason Zurawski, Internet2 May 2013 Network Markup Language Base Schema version 1 Status of This Document Grid Final Draft (GFD), Proposed Recommendation (R-P). Copyright Notice Copyright c Open Grid Forum (2008-2013). Some Rights Reserved. Distribution is unlim- ited. Abstract This document describes a set of normative schemas which allow the description of computer network topologies. Contents Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.1 Context . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.2 Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 1.3 Notational Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

223

Nanowire-based All Oxide Solar Cells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an all-oxide solar cell fabricated from vertically oriented zinc oxide nanowires and cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solar cell consists of vertically oriented n-type zinc oxide nanowires, surrounded by a film constructed from p-type cuprous oxide nanoparticles. Our solution-based synthesis of inexpensive and environmentally benign oxide materials in a solar cell would allow for the facile production of large-scale photovoltaic devices. We found that the solar cell performance is enhanced with the addition of an intermediate oxide insulating layer between the nanowires and the nanoparticles. This observation of the important dependence of the shunt resistance on the photovoltaic performance is widely applicable to any nanowire solar cell constructed with the nanowire array in direct contact with one electrode.

Yang*, Benjamin D. Yuhas and Peidong; Yang, Peidong

2008-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

224

Beam-Based Alignment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One: One: Single-Bunch Comparative Study of Three Algorithms Peter Tenenbaum LCC-Note-0013 17-February-1999 Abstract We describe the results of a series of simulation studies of beam-based alignment of the NLC main linacs using the program LIAR. Three algorithms for alignment of quadrupoles and girders are consid- ered: the algorithm used in the ZDR, the ZDR algorithm combined with a post-alignment MICADO operation, and an algorithm which requires no steering dipoles but requires twice as many alignment segments per linac as the ZDR algorithm. The third algorithm appears to be the most robust, based on convergence time, required quad mover step sizes, and variation in extracted beam emittance as a function of BNS profile. We also study the effect of structure BPM resolution and ATL misalignments during the alignment process. 1 Introduction Beam-based alignment and steering of the

225

Cobalt-Base Alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Nominal compositions of various cobalt-base alloys...Si Mn Others Cobalt-base wear-resistant alloys Stellite 1 bal 31 12.5 1 (max) 2.4 3 (max) 3 (max) 2 (max) 1 (max) ? Stellite 6 bal 28 4.5 1 (max) 1.2 3 (max) 3 (max) 2 (max) 1 (max) ? Stellite 12 bal 30 8.3 1 (max) 1.4 3 (max) 3 (max) 2 (max) 1 (max) ? Stellite 21 bal 28 ? 5.5 0.25 2 (max) 2.5 2 (max) 1...

226

A Web-Based Platform for Experimental Investigation of Electric Power Auctions Ray D. Zimmerman Robert J. Thomas Deqiang Gan Carlos Murillo-Snchez  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 A Web-Based Platform for Experimental Investigation of Electric Power Auctions Ray D. Zimmerman This paper describes the architecture and uses of an Internet based software platform called PowerWeb. PowerWeb a web-based user interface. The PowerWeb environment is meant to be flexible so as to allow

227

Point-Based Graphics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polygon-mesh approach to 3D modeling was a huge advance, but today its limitations are clear. Longer render times for increasingly complex images effectively cap image complexity, or else stretch budgets and schedules to the breaking point. Point-based ... Keywords: Computer Graphics, Computers

Markus Gross; Hanspeter Pfister

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Practical image based lighting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we present a user-friendly and practical method for seamless integration of computer-generated images (CG) with real photographs and video. In general such seamless integration is extremely hard and requires recovery of real world information to simulate the same environment for both CG and real objects. This real world information includes camera positions and parameters, and shapes, material properties, and motion of real objects. Among these one of the most important real world information is lighting. Image based lighting that is developed to recover illumination information of the real world from photographs has recently been popular in computer graphics. In this thesis we present a practical image based lighting method. Our method is based on a simple and easily constructible device: a square plate with a cylindrical stick. We have developed a user-guided system to approximately recover illumination information (i.e. orientations, colors, and intensities of light sources) from a photograph of this device. Our approach also helps to recover surface colors of real objects based on reconstructed lighting information. In addition, we will address our observation on shadows with multi-color lights in a compositing aspect and will present a solution to handle the addressed issue.

Lee, Jaemin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Grid-based Production  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grid-based Production Grid-based Production Grid-based Production PDSF is a Tier 2 site for ALICE and as such has the infrastructure in place to run automated grid-based ALICE production jobs. The main components of this infrastructure are listed below. Grid-Enabled Storage Elements There are currently a set of 10 servers running XRootD with a total capacity of 720TB. Included in XRootD are the data transfer tools used to transfer the input and output files for the production jobs running at PDSF. In addition to the 10 servers there is also the XRootD redirector which is currently running on pc1801.nersc.gov (pdsf5.nersc.gov). VO Box A VO (Virtual Organization) box is a dedicated node (palicevo1.nersc.gov) that coordinates the production. It runs the grid-monitoring tool MonALISA, the AliEn grid framework software, a Condor-G client and does job

230

SUPERCONDUCTING VANADIUM BASE ALLOY  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A new vanadium-base alloy which possesses remarkable superconducting properties is presented. The alloy consists of approximately one atomic percent of palladium, the balance being vanadium. The alloy is stated to be useful in a cryotron in digital computer circuits.

Cleary, H.J.

1958-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

231

Zirconia Based Ceramic Honeycombs for Solar-Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Zirconia Based Ceramic Honeycombs for Solar-Based Thermochemical Generation of Renewable Fuels. Author(s), Luke S. Walker, James E.

232

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! May 17, 2012 - 2:21pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy For years, I bought light bulbs based on watts, or energy use. Like many light bulb consumers, I looked for a traditional 40, 60, 75, or 100 watt incandescent bulb. Now that stores today carry more and more energy efficient lighting choices, I wanted to replace my old incandescents with new bulbs to save energy and money on my electricity bill. But in shopping for the right bulb, I came across a challenge in looking for bulbs based on watts. Since these newer bulbs use less energy, I found bulbs that use 8, 15, or 26 watts. The wattages are pretty close to each other, but the

233

Salt River Electric Coop Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Salt River Electric Coop Corp Salt River Electric Coop Corp Place Kentucky Utility Id 16587 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location RFC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 100 (Decorative Underground) HPS 48 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 100 Watt HPS 48 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 175 Watt MV 75 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 175 Wattage (Underground) MV 75 kWh (without pole) Lighting 250 Watt HPS 104 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting 400 Watt HPS 165 kWh Outdoor Lighting Lighting Cogeneration and small power production power purchase rate schedule less

234

Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) have been chosen as part of Chile's national energy efficiency action plan. As a first MEPS, the Ministry of Energy has decided to focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale of inefficient bulbs, effectively phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following major economies such as the US (EISA, 2007) , the EU (Ecodesign, 2009) and Australia (AS/NZS, 2008) who planned a phase out based on minimum efficacy requirements, the Ministry of Energy has undertaken the impact analysis of a MEPS on the residential lighting sector. Fundacion Chile (FC) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the National Energy Efficiency Program (Programa Pais de Eficiencia Energetica, or PPEE) in order to produce a techno-economic analysis of this future policy measure. LBNL has developed for CLASP (CLASP, 2007) a spreadsheet tool called the Policy Analysis Modeling System (PAMS) that allows for evaluation of costs and benefits at the consumer level but also a wide range of impacts at the national level, such as energy savings, net present value of savings, greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reductions and avoided capacity generation due to a specific policy. Because historically Chile has followed European schemes in energy efficiency programs (test procedures, labelling program definitions), we take the Ecodesign commission regulation No 244/2009 as a starting point when defining our phase out program, which means a tiered phase out based on minimum efficacy per lumen category. The following data were collected in order to perform the techno-economic analysis: (1) Retail prices, efficiency and wattage category in the current market, (2) Usage data (hours of lamp use per day), and (3) Stock data, penetration of efficient lamps in the market. Using these data, PAMS calculates the costs and benefits of efficiency standards from two distinct but related perspectives: (1) The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation examines costs and benefits from the perspective of the individual household; and (2) The National Perspective projects the total national costs and benefits including both financial benefits, and energy savings and environmental benefits. The national perspective calculations are called the National Energy Savings (NES) and the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations. PAMS also calculate total emission mitigation and avoided generation capacity. This paper describes the data and methodology used in PAMS and presents the results of the proposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile.

Letschert, Virginie E.; McNeil, Michael A.; Leiva Ibanez, Francisco Humberto; Ruiz, Ana Maria; Pavon, Mariana; Hall, Stephen

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

BASE - Rad Effects - Cyclotron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects Effects About the BASE Facility The BASE Facility operates in conjunction with the 88-inch Cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide beams of protons and heavy ions for radiation effects testing. When running, the facility is manned 24-hours a day with additional support on call. Assistance is available for shipping and receiving. Contact us for current hourly rates. Bragg curve plots, published papers, and other useful information are available here on our website. For information on the experiment approval process, beam time scheduling, or technical details on beamline setup and operation, contact Mike Johnson at (510) 486-4389 or MBJohnson@lbl.gov. More information is available here: Protons (Cave 4A) Heavy Ions (Cave 4B) Neutrons (Cave 0)

236

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6.0 Knowledge Base 6.0 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:09/11/13 11:42 AM INSTALLATION Installation Problems Report Feature Does Not Work License Agreement Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password PROGRAM CHANGES Results PROGRAM FEATURES WINDOW 6.3 Window Libraries SI and IP Units Multi-Calc TIPS User Defined Windows RELEASE NOTES WEATHER DATA Cannot Find Weather File, Simulation Cancelled Converting Energy Plus EPW files to RESFEN Weather Files Weather Data Files United States Location Statistics Canada China Chile Japan ENERGY CALCULATIONS Whole House Total Energy Calculations COST CALCULATIONS How to Convert $/cubic foot to $/therm for Natural Gas HVAC MODELING How to Model Electric Resistance Heating KNOWN BUGS Below is a list of RESFEN modeling issues that have been discovered by

237

RESFEN -- Knowledge Base  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5.0 Knowledge Base 5.0 Knowledge Base Tip - use the Find function in your browser to search this page Last update:09/11/13 11:41 AM INSTALLATION Installation Problems Hour Glass Cursor Does Not Go Away Weather File Installation Options Report Feature Does Not Work License Agreement Registration Issue: Can't Remember Account Password NEW FEATURES IN 5.0 Results WINDOW 5.2 Window Libraries WINDOW 5.2 DOE2 DAT files Database format is Different from Previous RESFEN Beta 1 and 2 SI and IP Units "All Windows the Same" Feature Changing Costs Doesn’t Cause Resimulation Multi-Calc Feature Window Library U-factor and SHGC Results (Algorithm Changes between WINDOW 4.1 and 5.0) WEATHER DATA Cannot Find Weather File, Simulation Cancelled Converting Energy Plus EPW files to RESFEN Weather Files

238

Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Title Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-52870 Year of Publication 2003 Authors...

239

GIS-Based Infrastructure Modeling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GIS-Based Infrastructure Modeling Hydrogen Scenario Meeting August 9-10, 2006 Keith Parks, NREL GIS-Based Infrastructure Modeling * Station Analysis - Selection Criteria - Los...

240

Incentive-based Cyber Trust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to download Symantec Internet Threat Meter, based on ... computing capacity is based on virtual servers the ... 6, 2005, http://infosecon.net/workshop/pdf ...

2010-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fast Beam-Based BPM Calibration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Alignment Diagnostic System (ADS) of the LCLS undulator system indicates that the 33 undulator quadrupoles have extremely high position stability over many weeks. However, beam trajectory straightness and lasing efficiency degrade more quickly than this. A lengthy Beam Based Alignment (BBA) procedure must be executed every two to four weeks to re-optimize the X-ray beam parameters. The undulator system includes RF cavity Beam Position Monitors (RFBPMs), several of which are utilized by an automatic feedback system to align the incoming electron-beam trajectory to the undulator axis. The beam trajectory straightness degradation has been traced to electronic drifts of the gain and offset of the BPMs used in the beam feedback system. To quickly recover the trajectory straightness, we have developed a fast beam-based procedure to recalibrate the BPMs. This procedure takes advantage of the high-precision monitoring capability of the ADS, which allows highly repeatable positioning of undulator quadrupoles. This report describes the ADS, the position stability of the LCLS undulator quadrupoles, and some results of the new recovery procedure.

Bertsche, K.; Loos, H.; Nuhn, H.-D.; Peters, F.; /SLAC

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

PH2: an hadoop-based framework for mining structural properties from the PDB database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PH2 is an Hadoop and SQL-based tool for extracting information out of the Protein Database (PDB) quickly. The PDB database is stored as a set of Hadoop sequence files in a replicated way on the Hadoop Distributed File System. PH2 then allows a user to ... Keywords: PDB, hadoop, parallel computing, structural information

Scott Hazelhurst

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Low Complexity Video Compression Using Moving Edge Detection Based on DCT Coefficients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we propose a new low complexity video compression method based on detecting blocks containing moving edges using only DCT coefficients. The detection, whilst being very efficient, also allows efficient motion estimation by constraining ... Keywords: DCT, Low complexity video compression, Moving edge

Chanyul Kim; Noel E. O'Connor

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Monitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On "One Wire" Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On "One Wire" Technology Javier Ibáñez Vial Santiago, Chile jdixon@ing.puc.cl Abstract-- A monitoring system for a battery powered electric vehicle (EV of the 24 batteries. Besides, the system will also allow monitoring the energy delivered by a photovoltaic

Rudnick, Hugh

245

MoCha-pi, an exogenous coordination calculus based on mobile channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present MoCha-?, an exogenous coordination calculus that is based on mobile channels. A mobile channel is a coordination primitive that allows anonymous point-to-point communication between processes. Our calculus is an extension ... Keywords: calculus, coordination, distributed mobile channels

Juan Guillen-Scholten; Farhad Arbab; Frank de Boer; Marcello Bonsangue

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Web Based Training (WEB BT) TES employees can get free training on applications within  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Web Based Training (WEB BT) TES employees can get free training on applications within office, and Internet/Intranet skills. WEB BT allows you to conduct self-directed tutorials from any of the above for one tutorial per month. Hours WEB BT is available to temporary employees, in the TES Office, for up

Russell, Lynn

247

A UML-based method for risk analysis of human-robot interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Safety is a major concern for robots that interact physically with humans. We propose a risk analysis method based on deviation analysis of system usage scenarios that allows the identification of major risks. Scenarios are described with the common ... Keywords: HAZOP, UML, risk analysis, safety, scenario

Damien Martin-Guillerez; Jrmie Guiochet; David Powell; Christophe Zanon

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

ANN-based GA for generating the sizing curve of stand-alone photovoltaic systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent advances in artificial intelligence techniques have allowed the application of such technologies in real engineering problems. In this paper, an artificial neural network-based genetic algorithm (ANN-GA) model was developed for generating the ... Keywords: ANN, ANN-GA, GA, Prediction, Sizing curve, Stand-alone PV system

Adel Mellit

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Building a case-based diet recommendation system without a knowledge engineer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a new approach to the effective development of menu construction systems that allow to automatically construct a menu that is strongly tailored to the individual requirements and food preferences of a client. In hospitals and other health ... Keywords: Case-based reasoning, Dietary menu construction, Knowledge acquisition, Ripple-down rules

Abdus Salam Khan; Achim Hoffmann

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Underdetermined blind source separation based on relaxed sparsity condition of sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, Aissa-El-Bey et al, have proposed two subspace-based methods for underdetermined blind source separation (UBSS) in time-frequency (TF) domain. These methods allow multiple active sources at TF points so long as the number of active sources ... Keywords: eigenvalue, eigenvector, time-frequency distribution, underdetermined blind source separation

Dezhong Peng; Yong Xiang

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

IT-Enabled Corporate Governance: The Characteristics and Determinants of Web-based Corporate Governance Disclosures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sophisticated information technologies allow companies to provide stakeholders with more transparency. Web-based disclosures have the advantages of low cost, mass reach, frequency and speed, and yet the extent of Internet disclosure varies across companies ... Keywords: Corporate Governance, Disclosure, Information Technology, Transparency, Web Page Content, Web Page Design

Yabing Jiang; Wullianallur Raghupathi

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

A prediction method for time series based on wavelet neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a prediction method for time series that is based on the multi-resolution analysis of wavelets (MRA). The MRA is better able to decompose the non-stationary time series of nonlinear systems into different components, allowing a ...

Xiaobing Gan; Ying Liu; Francis R. Austin

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Capacitive sensor-based hand gesture recognition in ambient intelligence scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Input devices based on arrays of capacitive proximity sensors allow the tracking of a user's hands in three dimensions. They can be hidden behind materials such as wood, wool or plastics without limiting their functionality, making them ideal for application ... Keywords: ambient intelligence, capacitive proximity sensors, gesture recognition, input devices, smart environments, user interfaces

Andreas Braun, Tim Dutz, Felix Kamieth

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Agent-based control for decentralised demand side management in the smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Central to the vision of the smart grid is the deployment of smart meters that will allow autonomous software agents, representing the consumers, to optimise their use of devices and heating in the smart home while interacting with the grid. However, ... Keywords: agent-based control, agents, demand-side management electricity, energy, multi-agent systems

Sarvapali D. Ramchurn; Perukrishnen Vytelingum; Alex Rogers; Nick Jennings

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Exploring Architecture Options for a Federated, Cloud-based System Biology Knowledgebase  

SciTech Connect

This paper evaluates various cloud computing technologies and resources for building a system biology knowledge base system. This system will host a huge amount of data and contain a flexible sets of workflows to operate on these data. It will enable system biologist to share their data and algorithms to allow research results to be reproduced, shared, and reused across the system biology community.

Gorton, Ian; Liu, Yan; Yin, Jian

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

256

Influence of Water on Diffusion in Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids by NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Influence of Water on Diffusion in Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids by NMR Sergey Vasenkov AMRIS - Chemical Engineering, University of Florida In this work we applied a novel pulsed field gradient (PFG) NMR) NMR and high magnetic field gradients (up to 30 T/m). Application of high field allows for an easy

Weston, Ken

257

Retrievable exploration guide base/completion guide base system  

SciTech Connect

A system is described for converting a subsea exploratory well into a production well. The well includes a temporary guide base located subsea with guide lines extending to the water surface and a central opening through which drilling operations are conducted. A method of converting a subsea exploratory well into a production well is described comprising the steps of: locating a temporary guide base on a subsea mud line, providing a permanent guide base in two parts latched together, providing a wellhead housing with an external latching profile and assembling the two parts of the permanent guide base and the wellhead housing together and lowering the assembly onto the temporary guide base, releasing part of the permanent guide base leaving the second part of the permanent guide base and the wellhead housing subsea, providing a completion guide base with equipment for producing from the well and lowering the completion guide base on to the temporary guide base.

Hed, J.E.; Draper, R.B.

1986-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

258

Computer Based Training: Engineering Technical Training Modules - Valve Actuator v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Valve Actuator ETTM, Version 1.0 is a computer-based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. The purpose of this training module is to provide a basic understanding of the various types of power valve actuators used in nuclear power plants and their characteristics. This module will also provide an understanding of valve actuator applications, selection, accessory requirements, and capabilities. This computer-based training (CBT) module is intend...

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

259

Computer Based Training: Engineering Technical Training Modules - Concrete Anchors v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Concrete Anchors, ETTM, is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. This module provides information about the basics of structural mechanics and the fundamentals of the dynamic response of structural systems. This computer-based training (CBT) module is intended for use by new engineers as well as engineers changing jobs where basic knowledge of this subje...

2010-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

260

SES Performance-Based Pay Increase | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-Based Pay Increase Performance-Based Pay Increase SES Performance-Based Pay Increase An agency may provide a pay increase to allow a senior executive to advance his or her relative position with the SES rate range only upon a determination by the authorized agency official that the executive's individual performance and/or contribution to agency performance so warrant. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of Outstanding or equivalent may be considered for an annual pay increase. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of less than Fully Successful or equivalent may not receive an increase in pay for the current appraisal period. The expectation is that executives who are paid consistent with their current level of responsibilities and who receive an

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Wednesday, 28 October 2009 00:00 Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

262

The data dictionary: A view into the CTBT knowledge base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The data dictionary for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) knowledge base provides a comprehensive, current catalog of the projected contents of the knowledge base. It is written from a data definition view of the knowledge base and therefore organizes information in a fashion that allows logical storage within the computer. The data dictionary introduces two organization categories of data: the datatype, which is a broad, high-level category of data, and the dataset, which is a specific instance of a datatype. The knowledge base, and thus the data dictionary, consist of a fixed, relatively small number of datatypes, but new datasets are expected to be added on a regular basis. The data dictionary is a tangible result of the design effort for the knowledge base and is intended to be used by anyone who accesses the knowledge base for any purpose, such as populating the knowledge base with data, or accessing the data for use with automatic data processing (ADP) routines, or browsing through the data for verification purposes. For these two reasons, it is important to discuss the development of the data dictionary as well as to describe its contents to better understand its usefulness; that is the purpose of this paper.

Shepherd, E.R.; Keyser, R.G.; Armstrong, H.M. [and others

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

TUNGSTEN BASE ALLOYS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-density quaternary tungsten-base alloy having high mechanical strength and good machinability composed of about 2 wt.% Ni, 3 wt.% Cu, 5 wt.% Pb, and 90wt.% W is described. This alloy can be formed by the powder metallurgy technique of hot pressing in a graphite die without causing a reaction between charge and the die and without formation of a carbide case on the final compact, thereby enabling re-use of the graphite die. The alloy is formable at hot- pressing temperatures of from about 1200 to about 1350 deg C. In addition, there is little component shrinkage, thereby eliminating the necessity of subsequent extensive surface machining.

Schell, D.H.; Sheinberg, H.

1959-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Health Physics Positions Data Base: Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

The Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) Data Base of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is a collection of NRC staff positions on a wide range of topics involving radiation protection (health physics). It consists of 328 documents in the form of letters, memoranda, and excerpts from technical reports. The HPPOS Data Base was developed by the NRC Headquarters and Regional Offices to help ensure uniformity in inspections, enforcement, and licensing actions. Staff members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have assisted the NRC staff in summarizing the documents during the preparation of this NUREG report. These summaries are also being made available as a {open_quotes}stand alone{close_quotes} software package for IBM and IBM-compatible personal computers. The software package for this report is called HPPOS Version 2.0. A variety of indexing schemes were used to increase the usefulness of the NUREG report and its associated software. The software package and the summaries in the report are written in the context of the {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} 10 CFR Part 20 ({section}{section}20.1001--20.2401). The purpose of this NUREG report is to allow interested individuals to familiarize themselves with the contents of the HPPOS Data Base and with the basis of many NRC decisions and regulations. The HPPOS summaries and original documents are intended to serve as a source of information for radiation protection programs at nuclear research and power reactors, nuclear medicine, and other industries that either process or use nuclear materials.

Kerr, G.D.; Borges, T.; Stafford, R.S.; Lu, P.Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Carter, D. [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)] [US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs July 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last month, the Federal Trade Commission announced that light bulbs will have a brand new style of packaging, starting in 2011. This is super exciting news! Well, all right, maybe "exciting" is a bit of a stretch, but it's certainly useful if you're thinking in terms of saving money and energy. Which is, I hope, one of the reasons people come to this blog. Example of the Lighting Facts label. The new form is based on a simple idea: There's an absolute ton of different kinds of lighting out there, but for most lights, the only information on the package is the wattage-the amount of power it draws.

266

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs Changing How You Choose Light Bulbs July 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Last month, the Federal Trade Commission announced that light bulbs will have a brand new style of packaging, starting in 2011. This is super exciting news! Well, all right, maybe "exciting" is a bit of a stretch, but it's certainly useful if you're thinking in terms of saving money and energy. Which is, I hope, one of the reasons people come to this blog. Example of the Lighting Facts label. The new form is based on a simple idea: There's an absolute ton of different kinds of lighting out there, but for most lights, the only information on the package is the wattage-the amount of power it draws.

267

ROAuth: recommendation based open authorization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many major online platforms such as Facebook, Google, and Twitter, provide an open Application Programming Interface which allows third party applications to access user resources. The Open Authorization protocol (OAuth) was introduced as a secure and ... Keywords: OAuth, collaborationnetworks, privacy, recommendations, social networks

Mohamed Shehab; Said Marouf; Christopher Hudel

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Based Technology for CO  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of a Novel Gas Pressurized Stripping (GPS)- Development of a Novel Gas Pressurized Stripping (GPS)- Based Technology for CO 2 Capture from Post-Combustion Flue Gases DE-FE0007567 Carbon Capture Scientific, LLC. CONSOL Energy Inc. Nexant Inc. Western Kentucky University HiGee USA Inc. Presented by Shiaoguo (Scott) Chen DOE Carbon Capture Technology Meeting, July 8-11, 2013, Pittsburgh, PA 2 Acknowledgements Funded by U.S. Department of Energy/ National Energy Technology Laboratory under Agreement No. DE-FE0007657 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

269

Science-Based Strategy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7, Third Quarter, 2012 7, Third Quarter, 2012 www.fossil.energy.gov/news/energytoday.html HigHligHts inside 2 Science-Based Strategy A Column from the Director of the National Energy Technology Laboratory 3 DOE Supports Energy Education Helps Crow Tribe Promote Energy Independence 5 Educational Research Projects Selected 13 Projects on Coal Research Selected at Universities Across the Nation 6 SPR Well Under Construction The U.S. Oil Reserves Develops First New Well in 27 Years 8 Safe Drilling Demonstrated DOE-Supported Project Produces Innovative Technology to Improve Oil Recovery The U.S. Department of Energy joined with partners from Canada and Mexico to release the first-ever atlas mapping the potential carbon dioxide storage capacity in North America.

270

Base isolation: Fresh insight  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the research is a further development of the engineering concept of seismic isolation. Neglecting the transient stage of seismic loading results in a widespread misjudgement: The force of resistance associated with velocity is mostly conceived as a source of damping vibrations, though it is an active force at the same time, during an earthquake type excitation. For very pliant systems such as base isolated structures with relatively low bearing stiffness and with artificially added heavy damping mechanism, the so called `damping`` force may occur even the main pushing force at an earthquake. Thus, one of the two basic pillars of the common seismic isolation philosophy, namely, the doctrine of usefulness and necessity of a strong damping mechanism, is turning out to be a self-deception, sometimes even jeopardizing the safety of structures and discrediting the very idea of seismic isolation. There is a way out: breaking with damping dependancy.

Shustov, V.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

Internet voting protocol based on implicit data security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a new protocol for Internet voting based on implicit data security. This protocol allows recasting of votes, which permits a change of mind by voters either during the time window over which polling is open or during a shorter period over which recasting is permitted. The security of votes depends on multiple servers such that each vote is divided into partitions and these partitions are distributed among the servers, all of which need to be brought together to reconstruct the votes. Such a protocol has potential applications in bargaining and electronic commerce.

Parakh, Abhishek

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

AQUIS: A PC-based air inventory and permit manager  

SciTech Connect

The Air Quality Utility Information System (AQUIS) was developed to calculate and track sources, emissions, stacks, permits, and related information. The system runs on IBM-compatible personal computers with dBASE IV and tracks more than 1,200 data items distributed among various source categories. AQUIS is currently operating at nine US Air Force facilities that have up to 1,000 sources. The system provides a flexible reporting capability that permits users who are unfamiliar with database structure to design and prepare reports containing user-specified information. In addition to six criteria pollutants, AQUIS calculates compound-specific emissions and allows users to enter their own emission estimates.

Smith, A.E.; Huber, C.C.; Tschanz, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ryckman, S.J. Jr. [Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Environmental Engineering Division

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

AQUIS: A PC-based air inventory and permit manager  

SciTech Connect

The Air Quality Utility Information System (AQUIS) was developed to calculate and track sources, emissions, stacks, permits, and related information. The system runs on IBM-compatible personal computers with dBASE IV and tracks more than 1,200 data items distributed among various source categories. AQUIS is currently operating at nine US Air Force facilities that have up to 1,000 sources. The system provides a flexible reporting capability that permits users who are unfamiliar with database structure to design and prepare reports containing user-specified information. In addition to six criteria pollutants, AQUIS calculates compound-specific emissions and allows users to enter their own emission estimates.

Smith, A.E.; Huber, C.C.; Tschanz, J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Ryckman, S.J. Jr. (Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Environmental Engineering Division)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Computer Based Training: Check Valves 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ETTM Check Valves is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. The purpose of this module is to provide the user with a basis for selecting and sizing a check valve for nuclear station applications. While more than one valve type can be used for most applications, the intent is to point out the differences between check valve designs and to assist the user i...

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

275

M.: An Ontology-Based Framework for Representing Organizational Knowledge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: This paper describes an ontology-based organizational knowledge representation framework focused on the specification of a two kinds of ontologies: the top level ontology containing concepts characterizing the typical organizational background and COKE ontologies representing so called core organizational knowledge entities. The framework constitutes an abstract representation of organizational knowledge providing a semantic support for designing knowledge management infrastructure able to interoperate with systems already existing in an organization. Moreover, the annotation of COKE w.r.t. the top level ontology allowed by the framework facilitates their semi-automatic handling, retrieval and evolution monitoring.

Andrea Gualtieri; Massimo Ruffolo

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Hydrogen storage based on physisorption.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Physisorption of molecular hydrogen based on neutral and negatively charged aromatic molecular systems has been evaluated using ab initio calculations to estimate the binding energy, {Delta}H, and {Delta}G at 298 ({approx}77 bar) and 77 K (45 bar) in order to compare calculated results with experimental measurements of hydrogen adsorption. The molecular systems used in this study were corannulene (C{sub 20}H{sub 10}), dicyclopenta[def,jkl]triphenylene (C{sub 20}H{sub 10}), 5,8-dioxo-5,8-dihydroindeno[2,1-c]fluorene (C{sub 20}H{sub 10}O{sub 2}), 6-hexyl-5,8-dioxo-5,8-dihydroindeno[2,1-c]fluorene (C{sub 26}H{sub 22}O{sub 2}), coronene (C{sub 24}H{sub 12}), dilithium phthalocyanine (Li{sub 2}Pc, C{sub 32}H{sub 16}Li{sub 2}N{sub 8}), tetrabutylammonium lithium phthalocyanine (TBA-LiPc, C{sub 48}H{sub 52}LiN{sub 9}), and tetramethylammonium lithium phthalocyanine (TMA-LiPc, C{sub 36}H{sub 28}LiN{sub 9}). It was found (a) that the calculated term that corrects 0 K electronic energies to give Gibbs energies (thermal correction to Gibbs energy, TCGE) serves as a good approximation of the adsorbent binding energy required in order for a physisorption process to be thermodynamically allowed and (b) that the binding energy for neutral aromatic molecules varies as a function of curvature (e.g., corannulene versus coronene) or if electron-withdrawing or -donating groups are part of the adsorbent. A negatively charged aromatic ring, the lithium phthalocyanine complex anion, [LiPc]{sup -}, introduces charge-induced dipole interactions into the adsorption process, resulting in a doubling of the binding energy of Li{sub 2}Pc relative to corannulene. Experimental hydrogen adsorption results for Li{sub 2}Pc, which are consistent with MD simulation results using x-Li{sub 2}Pc to simulate the adsorbent, suggest that only one side of the phthalocyanine ring is used in the adsorption process. The introduction of a tetrabutylammonium cation as a replacement for one lithium ion in Li{sub 2}Pc has the effect of increasing the number of hydrogen molecules adsorbed from 10 (3.80 wt %) for Li{sub 2}Pc to 24 (5.93 wt %) at 77 K and 45 bar, suggesting that both sides of the phthalocyanine ring are available for hydrogen adsorption. MD simulations of layered tetramethylammonium lithium phthalocyanine molecular systems illustrate that doubling the wt % H{sub 2} adsorbed is possible via such a system. Ab initio calculations also suggest that layered or sandwich structures can result in significant reductions in the pressure required for hydrogen adsorption.

Scanlon, L. G.; Feld, W. A.; Balbuena, P. B.; Sandi, G.; Duan, F.; Underwood, K. A.; Hunter, N.; Mack, J.; Rottmayer, M. A.; Tsao, M; Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division; Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; Wright State Univ.; Texas A& M Univ.; Univ. of Cincinnati

2009-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

277

Arachne - A web-based event viewer for MINERvA  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino interaction events in the MINERvA detector are visually represented with a web-based tool called Arachne. Data are retrieved from a central server via AJAX, and client-side JavaScript draws images into the user's browser window using the draft HTML 5 standard. These technologies allow neutrino interactions to be viewed by anyone with a web browser, allowing for easy hand-scanning of particle interactions. Arachne has been used in MINERvA to evaluate neutrino data in a prototype detector, to tune reconstruction algorithms, and for public outreach and education.

Tagg, N.; /Otterbein Coll.; Brangham, J.; /Otterbein Coll.; Chvojka, J.; /Rochester U.; Clairemont, M.; /Otterbein Coll.; Day, M.; /Rochester U.; Eberly, B.; /Pittsburgh U.; Felix, J.; /Guanajuato U.; Fields, L.; /Northwestern U.; Gago, A.M.; /Lima, Pont. U. Catolica; Gran, R.; /Maryland U.; Harris, D.A.; /Fermilab /William-Mary Coll.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Pre-physical data base design heuristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Keywords: data base, data base design, data base management, data model, denormalization, design improvement, design refinement, physical design, system design

Narciso Cerpa

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Social impact theory based optimizer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a novel stochastic and population-based binary optimization method inspired by social psychology. It is called Social Impact Theory based Optimization (SITO). The method has been developed with the use of some simple modifications ...

Martin Maca; Lenka Lhotsk

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Optimal refinement of rule bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents a formal analysis of the rule refinement selection problem. There is no satisfactory methodical standard for the optimal refinement of rule bases. Current refinement systems select the best overall rule base refinements out of a ... Keywords: Rule base validation, complex gain calculation, conflicting and alternative rule refinements, evaluation of safety-critical knowledge bases, optimal refinement selection, rule refinement classes, subsumption and synergy

Hans-Werner Kelbassa

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

PHYSIOLOGICALLY BASED MODELING OF HALON ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... fibrillation, never regained consciousness and died ... 5 min) human inhalation exposures to ... chemicals predicted in humans by physiologically based ...

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

A Computational Approach to Homogenizing Nickel-Based Single Crystal Alloys  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Approach to Homogenizing Nickel-Based Computational Approach to Homogenizing Nickel-Based Single Crystal Alloys Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2013 Significance * Provides significantly diminished processing costs, including reduced energy consumption and throughput times, and increased availability of capital equipment such as furnaces, due to shorter heat treatments * Generates superior Ni-based superalloys with improved performance in downstream applications * Provides extreme flexibility, allowing for modification to meet the differing constraints of individual production facilities and the level of homogenization desired

283

Cantilever-based electret energy harvesters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration of structures and functions allowed reducing electric consumptions of sensors, actuators and electronic devices. Therefore, it is now possible to imagine low-consumption devices able to harvest their energy in their surrounding environment. One way to proceed is to develop converters able to turn mechanical energy, such as vibrations, into electricity: this paper focuses on electrostatic converters using electrets. We develop an accurate analytical model of a simple but efficient cantilever-based electret energy harvester. Therefore, we prove that with vibrations of 0.1g (~1m/s^{2}), it is theoretically possible to harvest up to 30\\muW per gram of mobile mass. This power corresponds to the maximum output power of a resonant energy harvester according to the model of William and Yates. Simulations results are validated by experimental measurements but the issues of parasitic capacitances get a large impact. Therefore, we 'only' managed to harvest 10\\muW per gram of mobile mass, but according to our...

Boisseau, S; Ricart, T; Defay, E; Sylvestre, A; 10.1088/0964-1726/20/10/105013

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

285

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

286

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Protein Bridges DNA Base and Nucleotide Excision Repair Pathways Print Alkyltransferase proteins (AGT) protect cells from the biological effects of DNA damage caused by the addition of alkyl groups (alkylation). Alkyltransferase-like proteins (ATLs) can do the same, but they lack the reactive cysteine residue that allows the alkyltransferase function, and the mechanism for cell protection has remained unknown. To address this mystery, a British-American team lead by researchers at the Scripps Research Institute recently applied a combination of x-ray structural, biochemical, and genetic studies to ATLs in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe without and with damaged DNA. By showing how a process called non-enzymatic nucleotide flipping activates ATL-initiated DNA repair, their results may improve our understanding of genomic integrity and responses to DNA damage relevant to pathogens and cancer development.

287

Silicon-based sleeve devices for chemical reactions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silicon-based sleeve type chemical reaction chamber that combines heaters, such as doped polysilicon for heating, and bulk silicon for convection cooling. The reaction chamber combines a critical ratio of silicon and silicon nitride to the volume of material to be heated (e.g., a liquid) in order to provide uniform heating, yet low power requirements. The reaction chamber will also allow the introduction of a secondary tube (e.g., plastic) into the reaction sleeve that contains the reaction mixture thereby alleviating any potential materials incompatibility issues. The reaction chamber may be utilized in any chemical reaction system for synthesis or processing of organic, inorganic, or biochemical reactions, such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and/or other DNA reactions, such as the ligase chain reaction, which are examples of a synthetic, thermal-cycling-based reaction. The reaction chamber may also be used in synthesis instruments, particularly those for DNA amplification and synthesis.

Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Mariella, Jr., Raymond P. (Danville, CA); Carrano, Anthony V. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Agent-based multi-optional model of innovations diffusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a formalism that allows the study of the process of diffusion of several products competing in a common market. It is based on the generalization of the statistics Ising model (Potts model). For the implementation, agent based modeling is used, applied to a problem of three options; to adopt a product A, a product B, or non-adoption. A launching strategy is analyzed for one of the two products, which delays its launching with the objective of competing with improvements. The proportion reached by one and another product is calculated at market saturation. The simulations are produced varying the social network topology, the uncertainty in the decision, and the population's homogeneity.

Laciana, Carlos E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Silicon-based sleeve devices for chemical reactions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A silicon-based sleeve type chemical reaction chamber is described that combines heaters, such as doped polysilicon for heating, and bulk silicon for convection cooling. The reaction chamber combines a critical ratio of silicon and silicon nitride to the volume of material to be heated (e.g., a liquid) in order to provide uniform heating, yet low power requirements. The reaction chamber will also allow the introduction of a secondary tube (e.g., plastic) into the reaction sleeve that contains the reaction mixture thereby alleviating any potential materials incompatibility issues. The reaction chamber may be utilized in any chemical reaction system for synthesis or processing of organic, inorganic, or biochemical reactions, such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and/or other DNA reactions, such as the ligase chain reaction, which are examples of a synthetic, thermal-cycling-based reaction. The reaction chamber may also be used in synthesis instruments, particularly those for DNA amplification and synthesis. 32 figs.

Northrup, M.A.; Mariella, R.P. Jr.; Carrano, A.V.; Balch, J.W.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

290

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 General Technical Base Qualification Equivalencies Based On Previous Experience, 12/12/95 "The header lists the general field of experience, Commercial Nuclear Power or Navy Nuclear Power Program, with all other categories under these two areas. The subheader lists the position title of the military or job category within that industry. The next level lists the qualification standard subject with the competencies associated with it listed below. To locate the equivalencies that you may claim, locate the position title of your prior military or job category, then find the qualification standards and listed competencies that apply to your current position. The competencies listed below the qualification standards are those you

291

Project Based Energy Conservation vs. Management Based Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic American Foods (BAF) is the largest potato dehydrator worldwide. This paper will trace the shift from a Project Based to Management Based energy conservation program. Second only to raw material, energy is one of the highest expenses at BAF. Due to this fact, BAF started a corporation wide energy reduction program in 1999. The program was one full time project engineer focused only on energy reduction projects. This approach, called project based energy conservation, worked well for about 3 years. Total savings from energy reduction projects were equivalent to over 10% of the corporate profit. At that point entropy started to take over and the initial successes were reversing themselves. BAF then re-energized its energy initiative by setting a 5% per year energy reduction goal. The project based program could not achieve this goal. Therefore, the focus switched from project based to a management based energy conservation program.

Judy, K.; O'Brien, S.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

ACCEPTABILITY ENVELOPE FOR METAL HYDRIDE-BASED HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEMS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The design and evaluation of media based hydrogen storage systems requires the use of detailed numerical models and experimental studies, with significant amount of time and monetary investment. Thus a scoping tool, referred to as the Acceptability Envelope, was developed to screen preliminary candidate media and storage vessel designs, identifying the range of chemical, physical and geometrical parameters for the coupled media and storage vessel system that allow it to meet performance targets. The model which underpins the analysis allows simplifying the storage system, thus resulting in one input-one output scheme, by grouping of selected quantities. Two cases have been analyzed and results are presented here. In the first application the DOE technical targets (Year 2010, Year 2015 and Ultimate) are used to determine the range of parameters required for the metal hydride media and storage vessel. In the second case the most promising metal hydrides available are compared, highlighting the potential of storage systems, utilizing them, to achieve 40% of the 2010 DOE technical target. Results show that systems based on Li-Mg media have the best potential to attain these performance targets.

Hardy, B.; Corgnale, C.; Tamburello, D.; Garrison, S.; Anton, D.

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

293

Computer-based and web-based radiation safety training  

SciTech Connect

The traditional approach to delivering radiation safety training has been to provide a stand-up lecture of the topic, with the possible aid of video, and to repeat the same material periodically. New approaches to meeting training requirements are needed to address the advent of flexible work hours and telecommuting, and to better accommodate individuals learning at their own pace. Computer- based and web-based radiation safety training can provide this alternative. Computer-based and web- based training is an interactive form of learning that the student controls, resulting in enhanced and focused learning at a time most often chosen by the student.

Owen, C., LLNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

dBASE IV basics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a user`s manual for dBASE IV. dBASE IV is a popular software application that can be used on your personal computer to help organize and maintain your database files. It is actually a set of tools with which you can create, organize, select and manipulate data in a simple yet effective manner. dBASE IV offers three methods of working with the product: (1) control center: (2) command line; and (3) programming.

O`Connor, P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Irrigation data base for Arizona  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Determining the locations in the U.S. where solar energy might be used for irrigation was proposed. One of the first steps in determining these locations is to establish a data base for the agricultural states that extensively use irrigation. The data base must include information on the crops grown, the irrigation wells, and the irrigation pumps. The results of an effort to establish such a data base for the state of Arizona are presented.

Hall, I.J.; Vandevender, S.G.

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Principles of models based engineering  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a Models Based Engineering (MBE) philosophy and implementation strategy that has been developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Center for Advanced Engineering Technology. A major theme in this discussion is that models based engineering is an information management technology enabling the development of information driven engineering. Unlike other information management technologies, models based engineering encompasses the breadth of engineering information, from design intent through product definition to consumer application.

Dolin, R.M.; Hefele, J.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

DNA-based asymmetric catalysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The goal of the research described in this thesis was to develop the general concept and methodology of DNA-based asymmetric catalysis, with the aim of (more)

Boersma, Arnold Jacob

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Carbon nanotube based electromechanical probes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromechanical probing applications continuously require smaller pitches, faster manufacturing and lower electrical resistance. Conventional techniques, such as MEMS based cantilever probes have their shortcomings in ...

Yaglioglu, Onnik, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Accumulator Based Test Set Embedding.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this paper a test set embedding based on accumulator driven by an odd additive constant is presented. The problem is formulated around finding the (more)

Sudireddy, Samara Simha Reddy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Agent-based computational models and generative social science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article argues that the agent-based computational model permits a distinctive approach to social science for which the term generative is suitable. In defending this terminology, features distinguishing the approach from both inductive and deductive science are given. Then, the following specific contributions to social science are discussed: The agent-based computational model is a new tool for empirical research. It offers a natural environment for the study of connectionist phenomena in social science. Agent-based modeling provides a powerful way to address certain enduringand especially interdisciplinaryquestions. It allows one to subject certain core theoriessuch as neoclassical microeconomicsto important types of stress (e.g., the effect of evolving preferences). It permits one to study how rules of individual behavior give riseor map upto macroscopic regularities and organizations. In turn, one can employ laboratory behavioral research findings to select among competing agent-based (bottom up) models. The agent-based approach may well have the important effect of decoupling individual rationality from macroscopic equilibrium and of separating decision science from social science more generally. Agent-based modeling offers powerful new forms of hybrid theoretical-computational work; these are particularly relevant to the study of non-equilibrium systems. The agentbased approach invites the interpretation of society as a distributed computational device, and in turn the interpretation of social dynamics as a type of computation. This interpretation raises important foundational issues in social sciencesome related to intractability, and some to undecidability proper. Finally, since emergence figures prominently in this literature, I take up the connection between agent-based modeling and classical emergentism, criticizing the latter and arguing that the two are incompatible. ? 1999 John Wiley &

Joshua M. Epstein

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

New security services based on PKI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The basic job of a public key infrastructure (PKI) is to define the mechanisms used both to allow a recipient of a signed message to trust a digital signature and to allow a sender to find the encryption key for a recipient. It is comprised of those ... Keywords: SPKI credential, distributed management, public key infrastructure, security policy, security service

Antonio F. Gmez; Gregorio Martnez; scar Cnovas

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Virtual gaze. a pilot study on the effects of computer simulated gaze in avatar-based conversations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper introduces a novel methodology for the computer simulation of gaze behavior in net-based interactions. 38 female participants interacted using a special avatar platform, allowing for the real-time transmission of nonverbal behavior (head and ... Keywords: computer mediated communication, methodology, nonverbal behavior, person perception, social gaze, social presence

Gary Bente; Felix Eschenburg; Nicole C. Krmer

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Non-linear addressing scheme for a lookup-based transformation function in a reconfigurable noise generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Noise generation is used in several application domains, and each one of them has its own requirements for the statistical properties of the noise signal. This paper presents an approach that allows flexible noise generation based on reconfigurable logic. ... Keywords: LUT, addressing scheme, gauss, lookup-table, noise, noise generator, normal distribution, probability distribution function, transformation function, white noise

Elvio Dutra; Leandro Indrusiak; Manfred Glesner

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

A piezoelectric solid shell element based on a mixed variational formulation for geometrically linear and nonlinear applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is focused on a piezoelectric solid shell finite element formulation. A geometrically nonlinear theory allows large deformations and includes stability problems. The formulation is based on a variational principle of the Hu-Washizu type including ... Keywords: Finite element method, Mixed formulation, Piezoelectricity, Smart structures, Solid shell element

Sven Klinkel; Werner Wagner

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A type-based approach to separating protocol from application logic: a case study in hybrid computer programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerous programming models have been introduced to allow programmers to utilize new accelerator-based architectures. While OpenCL and CUDA provide low-level access to accelerator programming, the task cries out for a higher-level abstraction. Of the ...

Geoffrey C. Hulette; Matthew J. Sottile; Allen D. Malony

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Constraint-based 3D direct manipulations for intuitive and precise solid modelling in a virtual reality environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The absence of constraints when interacting with virtual objects is one of the major limitations in the current Virtual Reality (VR) environments. Without constraints, it is difficult to perform precise interactive manipulations and precise solid modelling ... Keywords: allowable motions, constraint recognition, constraint solving, constraint-based manipulations, solid modelling, virtual reality

Y. Zhong; W. Mller-Wittig

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Computer Based Training (CBT) - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) CBT for Service Water System Engineers v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) requirements for Service Water System Engineers, Version 1.0 is a computer-based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace.This computer-based training (CBT) course's objective is to introduce students to ASME requirements associated with service water systems, and in particular, service water piping systems. The student will first learn about the design criteria used to ...

2013-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

308

Plasma-based accelerator structures  

SciTech Connect

Plasma-based accelerators have the ability to sustain extremely large accelerating gradients, with possible high-energy physics applications. This dissertation further develops the theory of plasma-based accelerators by addressing three topics: the performance of a hollow plasma channel as an accelerating structure, the generation of ultrashort electron bunches, and the propagation of laser pulses is underdense plasmas.

Schroeder, Carl B.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

VIVACE context based search platform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the key challenges of knowledge management is to provide the right knowledge to the right person at the right time. To face this challenge, a context based search platform was developed in the frame of the European Integrated Project VIVACE. This ... Keywords: analogy and case based reasoning, context aware systems and applications, context modelling, knowledge management

Romaric Redon; Andreas Larsson; Richard Leblond; Barthelemy Longueville

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Similarity-based fuzzy limits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the concept of similarity-based fuzzy limits in metric spaces is introduced and it is shown that it is an application of limit maps of topologies on [0,1]-valued sets, introduced by Hohle and Sostak, furthermore it is observed that the ... Keywords: Fuzzy limit, Limit map, Similarity-based fuzzy limit, [0,1]-Valued topology

Gltekin Soylu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Stroke based handwritten character recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work proposes a new stroke based methodology for handwritten character recognition. After the pre-processing, several steps are involved to achieve the recognition. First, the character is segmented into its strokes. Then, we determine the maximum ... Keywords: character recognition, handwritten recognition, inference engine, knowledge base, stroke character representation

D. lvarez; R. Fernndez; L. Snchez

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Alchemi: A .NET-based Enterprise Grid Computing System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational grids that couple geographically distributed resources are becoming the de-facto computing platform for solving large-scale problems in science, engineering, and commerce. Software to enable grid computing has been primarily written for Unix-class operating systems, thus severely limiting the ability to effectively utilize the computing resources of the vast majority of Windows-based desktop computers. Addressing Windows-based grid computing is particularly important from the software industry's viewpoint where interest in grids is emerging rapidly. Microsoft's .NET Framework has become near-ubiquitous for implementing commercial distributed systems for Windows-based platforms, positioning it as the ideal platform for grid computing in this context. In this paper we present Alchemi , a .NETbased framework that provides the runtime machinery and programming environment required to construct enterprise/desktop grids and develop grid applications. It allows flexible application composition by supporting an object-oriented application programming model in addition to a file-based job model. Cross-platform support is provided via a web services interface and a flexible execution model supports dedicated and non-dedicated (voluntary) execution by grid nodes.

Akshay Luther; Rajkumar Buyya; Rajiv Ranjan; Srikumar Venugopal

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Tensor-based formulation and nuclear norm regularization for multi-energy computed tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of energy selective, photon counting X-ray detectors allows for a wide range of new possibilities in the area of computed tomographic image formation. Under the assumption of perfect energy resolution, here we propose a tensor-based iterative algorithm that simultaneously reconstructs the X-ray attenuation distribution for each energy. We use a multi-linear image model rather than a more standard "stacked vector" representation in order to develop novel tensor-based regularizers. Specifically, we model the multi-spectral unknown as a 3-way tensor where the first two dimensions are space and the third dimension is energy. This approach allows for the design of tensor nuclear norm regularizers, which like its two dimensional counterpart, is a convex function of the multi-spectral unknown. The solution to the resulting convex optimization problem is obtained using an alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) approach. Simulation results shows that the generalized tensor nuclear norm can ...

Semerci, Oguz; Kilmer, Misha E; Miller, Eric L

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Next-Generation Liquid-Scintillator-Based Detectors: Quantums Dots and Picosecond Timing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Liquid-scintillator-based detectors are a robust technology that scales well to large volumes. For this reason, they are attractive for experiments searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay. A combination of improved photo-detection technology and novel liquid scintillators may allow for the extraction of particle direction in addition to the total energy of the particle. Such an advance would find applications beyond searches for neutrinoless double-beta decay.

Lindley Winslow

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

315

Computer Based Training: Engineering Technical Training Module (ETTM) Relief and Safety Valves v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Relief and Safety Valves ETTM, Version 1.0 is a computer45based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. This module provides information about the types of valves, requirements surrounding their performance, characteristics and selection of these valves, as well as testing requirements. Additionally, it describes design considerations and system interactions. This training should be used for position specific and/or continuing training for indivi...

2009-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

316

Computer Based Training: Engineering Technical Training Module - Centrifugal Pump Vibration 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Centrifugal Pump Vibration is a computer based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. This module reviews the basic engineering principles used to calculate heat transfer and how to apply these principles to typical nuclear plant applications. The calculation of heat transfer in plant systems is an important element of many engineering calculations. Students should re...

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

317

ETTM: Low Voltage System Protection and Coordination Computer-Based Training Version 1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ETTM Low Voltage System Protection and Coordination is a computer-based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. It provides graphics and limited interactive features to enhance learning. Low voltage power systems are generally classified as AC power systems operating at the 120 600 Volt level. Because they often serve a large number of diverse loads in residences, businesses, and power plants, low voltage power systems present a unique set of cha...

2010-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

318

Nonadiabatic nuclear dynamics of atomic collisions based on branching classical trajectories  

SciTech Connect

The branching classical trajectory method for inelastic atomic collision processes is proposed. The approach is based on two features: (i) branching of a classical trajectory in a nonadiabatic region and (ii) the nonadiabatic transition probability formulas particularly adapted for a classical trajectory treatment. In addition to transition probabilities and inelastic cross sections, the proposed approach allows one to calculate incoming and outgoing currents. The method is applied to inelastic Na + H collisions providing the results in reasonable agreement with full quantum calculations.

Belyaev, Andrey K. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Herzen University, St. Petersburg 191186 (Russian Federation); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, S-75120 Uppsala (Sweden) and LCPQ and LCAR, IRSAMC, Universite Paul Sabatier, F-31062 Toulouse (France); Lebedev, Oleg V. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Herzen University, St. Petersburg 191186 (Russian Federation)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Essentials of the SI: Base & derived units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Table 1. SI base units. SI base unit. Base quantity, Name, Symbol. length, meter, m. ... Table 2. Examples of SI derived units. SI derived unit. ...

320

Role Based Training | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Role Based Training Role Based Training Authorizing Official (AO)Authorizing Official Designated Representative (AODR) Role-Based Training Module. This course is available via...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The INEL battery data base  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Battery Data Base for electric vehicle applications at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The objectives of the Data Base are to collect, store, and make available to the electric vehicle community battery data from the INEL. Argonne National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory, and DOE battery contractors in forms appropriate for evaluating the batteries in electric vehicles. The Data Base currently includes data from over 500 test on 15 batteries of 5 different types. The data (over 120 MB) is stored on a 760 MB harddisk attached to a MicroVax 2. PC-based software to access the data has been developed on the IBM PS/2 using dBASE 4. The initial version of the Data Base to be distributed on a single floppy disk is nearly complete. The first release will include the physical characteristics of the batteries, summary tables showing the test results for each cycle of the battery test programs, and some constant power discharge data for the batteries. Later versions of the Data Base will include second-by-second peak power and SFUDS data, which will require several floppy of Bernoulli disks to store the data. 2 refs., 4 figs.

Burke, A.F.; Hardin, J.E.; Kiser, D.M.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the reason industry started by developing ceramic MH lampsceramic metal halide lamps, which are the focus of industryindustry had invested in the development of very low wattage ceramic

Scholand, Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A Bright Idea: New Efficiency Standards for Incandescent and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

out" of less-efficient bulbs will begin with 100 watt bulbs in 2012; lesser wattage light bulbs will then be gradually removed from distribution, ending with noncompliant 40...

324

Exhibitor Services Kit PDF - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 6, 2008 ... Each Rental Exhibit includes 2 Arm Lights (per 10' unit). ...... for lighting verify the wattage of the bulbs in the lights and multiply by the number of...

325

Photometric assessment of energy efficient torchieres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance of a high-efficiency CFL torchiere in comparisonCFL - Half Halogen - Full Halogen - Half Actual Wattage Lamp Fixture Fixture Lumens Efficiencyefficiency and conservation issues to date. The LBNL-designed energy efficient CFL

Page, Erik; Siminovitch, Michael

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Performance benefits of telerobotics and teleoperation - enhancements for an arm-based tank waste retrieval system  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluates telerobotic and teleoperational arm-based retrieval systems that require advanced robotic controls. These systems will be deployed in waste retrieval activities in Hanford`s Single Shell Tanks (SSTs). The report assumes that arm-based, retrieval systems will combine a teleoperational arm and control system enhanced by a number of advanced and telerobotic controls. The report describes many possible enhancements, spanning the full range of the control spectrum with the potential for technical maturation. The enhancements considered present a variety of choices and factors including: the enhancements to be included in the actual control system, safety, detailed task analyses, human factors, cost-benefit ratios, and availability and maturity of technology. Because the actual system will be designed by an offsite vendor, the procurement specifications must have the flexibility to allow bidders to propose a broad range of ideas, yet build in enough restrictions to filter out infeasible and undesirable approaches. At the same time they must allow selection of a technically promising proposal. Based on a preliminary analysis of the waste retrieval task, and considering factors such as operator limitations and the current state of robotics technology, the authors recommend a set of enhancements that will (1) allow the system to complete its waste retrieval mission, and (2) enable future upgrades in response to changing mission needs and technological advances.

Horschel, D.S. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Gibbons, P.W. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Draper, J.V. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)] [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Applications of agent based simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a survey and analysis of applications of Agent Based Simulation (ABS). A framework for describing and assessing the applications is presented and systematically applied. A general conclusion from the study is that even if ABS seems ...

Paul Davidsson; Johan Holmgren; Hans Kyhlbck; Dawit Mengistu; Marie Persson

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

and nife-based superalloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trans. A, 23A (1992), 2015. s, ed. E.A. Loria, e NIMONIC Alloys and Other Ni- Base High Temperature d Renewables, eds. A. Strang et al., (London: Inst.MMM,.

329

Kalman FilterBased CMORPH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Kalman filter (KF)-based Climate Prediction Center (CPC) morphing technique (CMORPH) algorithm is developed to integrate the passive microwave (PMW) precipitation estimates from low-Earth-orbit (LEO) satellites and infrared (IR) observations ...

Robert J. Joyce; Pingping Xie

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Singular operators in multiwavelet bases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review some recent results on multiwavelet methods for solving integral and partial differential equations and present an efficient representation of operators using discontinuous multiwavelet bases, including the case for singular integral operators. ...

G. Fann; G. Beylkin; R. J. Harrison; K. E. Jordan

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Model-Based Software Reuse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarises the presentations and discussions of the First Workshop on Model-based Software Reuse, held in conjunction with the 16th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP) Malaga, Spain June 10, 2002. This workshop was ...

Andreas Speck; Elke Pulvermller; Ragnhild Van Der Straeten; Ralf Reussner; Matthias Clau

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Normalized information-based divergences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the mathematical study of some divergences based on mutual information which are well suited to categorical random vectors. These divergences are generalizations of the "entropy distance" and "information distance." Their main ...

J. -F. Coeurjolly; R. Drouilhet; J. -F. Robineau

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

ADS-Directory Services for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks Based on an Information Market Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ubiquitous computing based on small mobile devices using wireless communication links is becoming very attractive. The computational power and storage capacities provided allow the execution of sophisticated applications. Due to the fact that sharing of information is a central problem for distributed applications, the development of self organizing middleware services providing high level interfaces for information managing is essential. ADS is a directory service for mobile ad-hoc networks dealing with local and nearby information as well as providing access to distant information. The approach discussed throughout this paper is based upon the concept of information markets.

Hutter, Christian; Rothkugel, Steffen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Lightweight key exchange and stream cipher based solely on tree parity machines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secure key exchange is considered most critical and complex in this context and of major importance with regard to security. Regarding applications in embedded systems, asymmetric (public-key) group-based cryptosystems based on Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC), the generalization to Hyper-Elliptic Curves (see e.g. [6]) and hardware-specific extensions for efficient arithmetic [7] are stateof-the-art. Without a reduction of the security, these representations allow to reduce the size of the numbers to calculate with. Yet, more complex expressions

Markus Volkmer; Sebastian Wallner

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Superconvergence of finite element approximations by a computer-based approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis we present a study of superconvergence which can be applied to practical meshes. We introduce a new definition of superconvergence which extends the classical definition to practical computations. The new definition allows us to determine points of least error for entire classes of local geometries, materials and element types. Based on the new definition we developed a methodology to study superconvergence in practical grids. This methodology is completely computer-based. We give several examples to show the application of this methodology to finite element meshes like the ones employed in engineering computations.

Gangaraj, Srihari Kumar

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Computer Based Training: Engineering Technical Training Modules - Finite Element Analysis v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Finite Element Analysis ETTM, Version 1.0 is a computer45based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace. This module provides information about the basics of finite element analysis and modeling. This training should be used for position specific and/or continuing training for individuals involved with finite element analysis. This computer-based training (CBT) module is intended for use by new engineers as well as engineers changing jobs where bas...

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Spatial process and data models : toward integration of agent-based models and GIS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of object-orientation for both spatial data and spatial process models facilitates their integration, which can allow exploration and explanation of spatial-temporal phenomena. In order to better understand how tight coupling might proceed and to evaluate the possible functional and efficiency gains from such a tight coupling, we identify four key relationships affecting how geographic data (fields and objects) and agent-based process models can interact: identity, causal, temporal and topological. We discuss approaches to implementing tight integration, focusing on a middleware approach that links existing GIS and ABM development platforms, and illustrate the need and approaches with example agent-based models.

Brown, D. G.; North, M. J.; Robinson, D. T.; Riolo, R.; Rand, W.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Michigan

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A Convergent Coordination Chemistry-Based Approach to Dissymmetric Macrocyclic Cofacial Porphyrin Complexes  

SciTech Connect

We report a highly convergent and modular approach for the synthesis of dissymmetric cofacial porphyrin complexes, which is based upon the weak-link approach to supramolecular coordination chemistry. Specifically, we have utilized a halide-induced ligand rearrangement reaction, which is capable of providing heteroligated mixed-metal porphyrin complexes in quantitative yield. Significantly, the adoption of a coordination chemistry based approach for the synthesis of these complexes allows for facile in situ regulation of the porphyrin-porphyrin interactions through the addition of external chemical stimuli.

Oliveri, Christopher G.; Heo, Jungseok; Nguyen, SonBinh T.; Mirkin, Chad A.; Wawrzak, Zdzislaw (NWU)

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

339

System and method for knowledge based matching of users in a network  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A knowledge-based system and methods to matchmaking and social network extension are disclosed. The system is configured to allow users to specify knowledge profiles, which are collections of concepts that indicate a certain topic or area of interest selected from an. The system utilizes the knowledge model as the semantic space within which to compare similarities in user interests. The knowledge model is hierarchical so that indications of interest in specific concepts automatically imply interest in more general concept. Similarity measures between profiles may then be calculated based on suitable distance formulas within this space.

Verspoor, Cornelia Maria (Santa Fe, NM); Sims, Benjamin Hayden (Los Alamos, NM); Ambrosiano, John Joseph (Los Alamos, NM); Cleland, Timothy James (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

340

Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit Performance Based Service Acquisition Toolkit Aviation Management Green Leases Executive Secretariat Energy Reduction at...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Microprocessor based system for roll-down and acceleration tests  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A microprocessor-based, road-test system for measuring and recording roll-down and acceleration data has been designed and built. The system provides for rapid testing of vehicles, can be operated by a single individual, and allows detailed data acquisition when required. Digital data storage and output capability allows direct exchange of data with other computers or calculators for data analysis and reduction. System input is distance from a fith wheel and elapsed time. The microcomputer system records time to the nearest 0.01 second, distance to the nearest foot, and calculates velocity to the nearest 0.1 mile per hour. Data can be stored at specified time, distance, and velocity intervals. Current time, distance, and velocity are displayed on a liquid crystal display panel. A printing calculator prints a summary of the run. Detailed data is stored in RAM and is output to magnetic tape at the end of the run. The tapes are used to obtain plots and as input for data reduction programs that calculate rolling friction and aerodynamic drag. The road-test system has been used to test a number of vehicles. In most of the tests one person drove the vehicle and operated the system.

Lynn, D.K.; Derouin, C.; Lamar, P.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

INVESTING IN NEW BASE LOAD GENERATING CAPACITY  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Depends on - Level of CO 2 prices - How CO 2 prices are allowed to be reflected in retail electricity prices - Cost and availability of large scale CCS technology - Construction...

343

Constraint-based simulation of adhesive contact  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dynamics with contact are often formulated as a constrained optimization problem. This approach allows handling in an integrated manner both non-penetration and frictional constraints. Following developments in the computational mechanics field, we have ...

Jorge Gascn; Javier S. Zurdo; Miguel A. Otaduy

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Provably Safe and Robust Learning-Based Model Predictive Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controller design for systems typically faces a trade-off between robustness and performance, and the reliability of linear controllers has caused many control practitioners to focus on the former. However, there is a renewed interest in improving system performance to deal with growing energy and pollution constraints. This paper describes a learning-based model predictive control (MPC) scheme. The MPC provides deterministic guarantees on robustness and safety, and the learning is used to identify richer models of the system to improve controller performance. Our scheme uses a linear model with bounds on its uncertainty to construct invariant sets which help to provide the guarantees, and it can be generalized to other classes of models and to pseudo-spectral methods. This framework allows us to handle state and input constraints and optimize system performance with respect to a cost function. The learning occurs through the use of an oracle which returns the value and gradient of unmodeled dynamics at discr...

Aswani, Anil; Sastry, S Shankar; Tomlin, Claire

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

An X11 Toolkit Based on the Tcl Language  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a new toolkit for X11 called Tk. The overall functions provided by Tk are similar to those of the standard toolkit Xt. However, Tk is implemented using Tcl, a lightweight interpretive command language. This means that Tk's functions are available not just from C code compiled into the application but also via Tcl commands issued dynamically while the application runs. Tcl commands are used for binding keystrokes and other events to application-specific actions, for creating and configuring widgets, and for dealing with geometry managers and the selection. The use of an interpretive language means that any aspect of the user interface may be changed dynamically while an application executes. It also means that many interesting applications can be created without writing any new C code, simply by writing Tcl scripts for existing applications. Furthermore, Tk provides a special send command that allows any Tk-based application to invoke Tcl commands in any other Tk-b...

John Ousterhout Computer; John K. Ousterhout

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Projection Pursuit Indices Based on the Empirical Distribution Function  

SciTech Connect

Exploratory Projection Pursuit is a technique for finding interesting low-dimensional projections of multivariate data. To reach this goal, one optimizes an index, assigned to every projection, that characterizes the structure present in the projection. Most indices require the estimation of the marginal density of the projected data. Such estimations involve a tuning parameter that greatly influences the behavior of the index. However, the optimization is usually performed with an ad hoc, often fixed value for this parameter. In this paper we propose indices based on the empirical distribution function that do not require to be tuned. This allows users to use Exploratory Projection Pursuit without having to pre-determine an ''esoteric'' tuning parameter.

Perisic, Igor; Posse, Christian

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A new entropy based method for computing software structural complexity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a new methodology for the evaluation of software structural complexity is described. It is based on the entropy evaluation of the random uniform response function associated with the so called software characteristic function SCF. The behavior of the SCF with the different software structures and their relationship with the number of inherent errors is investigated. It is also investigated how the entropy concept can be used to evaluate the complexity of a software structure considering the SCF as a canonical representation of the graph associated with the control flow diagram. The functions, parameters and algorithms that allow to carry out this evaluation are also introduced. After this analytic phase follows the experimental phase, verifying the consistency of the proposed metric and their boundary conditions. The conclusion is that the degree of software structural complexity can be measured as the entropy of the random uniform response function of the SCF. That entropy is in direct relation...

Roca, J L

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Nuggeteer: Automatic NuggetBased Evaluation using Descriptions and Judgements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The TREC Definition and Relationship questions are evaluated on the basis of information nuggets that may be contained in system responses. Human evaluators provide informal descriptions of each nugget, and judgements (assignments of nuggets to responses) for each response submitted by participants. While human evaluation is the most accurate way to compare systems, approximate automatic evaluation becomes critical during system development. We present Nuggeteer, a new automatic evaluation tool for nugget-based tasks. Like the first such tool, Pourpre, Nuggeteer uses words in common between candidate answer and answer key to approximate human judgements. Unlike Pourpre, but like human assessors, Nuggeteer creates a judgement for each candidatenugget pair, and can use existing judgements instead of guessing. This creates a more readily interpretable aggregate score, and allows developers to track individual nuggets through the variants of their system. Nuggeteer is quantitatively comparable in performance to Pourpre, and provides qualitatively better feedback to developers.

Gregory Marton; Alexey Radul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

AQUIS: A PC-based source information manager  

SciTech Connect

The Air Quality Utility Information System (AQUIS) was developed to calculate emissions and track them along with related information about sources, stacks, controls, and permits. The system runs on IBM- compatible personal computers with dBASE IV and tracks more than 1, 200 data items distributed among various source categories. AQUIS is currently operating at 11 US Air Force facilities, which have up to 1, 000 sources, and two headquarters. The system provides a flexible reporting capability that permits users who are unfamiliar with database structure to design and prepare reports containing user- specified information. In addition to the criteria pollutants, AQUIS calculates compound-specific emissions and allows users to enter their own emission estimates.

Smith, A.E.; Huber, C.C.; Tschanz, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.; Ryckman, S.J. Jr. [Headquarters, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Environmental Engineering Div.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

AQUIS: A PC-based source information manager  

SciTech Connect

The Air Quality Utility Information System (AQUIS) was developed to calculate emissions and track them along with related information about sources, stacks, controls, and permits. The system runs on IBM- compatible personal computers with dBASE IV and tracks more than 1, 200 data items distributed among various source categories. AQUIS is currently operating at 11 US Air Force facilities, which have up to 1, 000 sources, and two headquarters. The system provides a flexible reporting capability that permits users who are unfamiliar with database structure to design and prepare reports containing user- specified information. In addition to the criteria pollutants, AQUIS calculates compound-specific emissions and allows users to enter their own emission estimates.

Smith, A.E.; Huber, C.C.; Tschanz, J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Assessment and Information Sciences Div.); Ryckman, S.J. Jr. (Headquarters, Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Environmental Engineering Div.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Rotational actuator of motor based on carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotational actuator/motor based on rotation of a carbon nanotube is disclosed. The carbon nanotube is provided with a rotor plate attached to an outer wall, which moves relative to an inner wall of the nanotube. After deposit of a nanotube on a silicon chip substrate, the entire structure may be fabricated by lithography using selected techniques adapted from silicon manufacturing technology. The structures to be fabricated may comprise a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT), two in plane stators S1, S2 and a gate stator S3 buried beneath the substrate surface. The MWNT is suspended between two anchor pads and comprises a rotator attached to an outer wall and arranged to move in response to electromagnetic inputs. The substrate is etched away to allow the rotor to freely rotate. Rotation may be either in a reciprocal or fully rotatable manner.

Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA); Fennimore, Adam M. (Berkeley, CA); Yuzvinsky, Thomas D. (Berkeley, CA)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

352

Log-based Longitudinal Study Finds Window Thrashing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although large displays are becoming more cost effective, most user interfaces are optimized for a single monitor of modest size even though many traditional workspaces such as desks and workbenches are much larger and some studies have found benefits from large displays. This paper explores whether a single monitor is sufficient for information work using standard software. A log-based longitudinal field study finds that most of the time a single monitor allows skilled information analysts to have a reasonable pattern of window activity. However, a novel visualization of the data shows that windows typically fill the monitor and the pattern is occasionally interrupted by window thrashing, the rapid manipulation of windows caused by limited display resource. Given these findings, we identify some common tasks that justify the development and the expense of wideband visual interfaces that are optimized for larger displays.

Jock Mackinlay And

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

A Case-Based Reasoning View of Automated Collaborative Filtering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From some perspectives Automated Collaborative Filtering (ACF) appears quite similar to Case-Based Reasoning (CBR). It works on data organised around users and assets that might be considered case descriptions. In addition, in some versions of ACF, much of the induction is deferred to run time -- in the lazy learning spirit of CBR. On the other hand, because of its lack of semantic descriptions it seems to be the antithesis of case-based reasoning -- a learning approach based on case representations. This paper analyses the characteristics shared by ACF and CBR, it highlights the differences between the two approaches and attempts to answer the question "When is it useful or valid to consider ACF as CBR?". We argue that a CBR perspective on ACF can only be useful if it offers insights into the ACF process and supports a transfer of techniques. In conclusion we present a case retrieval net model of ACF and show how it allows for enhancements to the basic ACF idea.

Conor Hayes; Padraig Cunningham; Barry Smyth

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hybrid optimization schemes for simulation-based problems.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inclusion of computer simulations in the study and design of complex engineering systems has created a need for efficient approaches to simulation-based optimization. For example, in water resources management problems, optimization problems regularly consist of objective functions and constraints that rely on output from a PDE-based simulator. Various assumptions can be made to simplify either the objective function or the physical system so that gradient-based methods apply, however the incorporation of realistic objection functions can be accomplished given the availability of derivative-free optimization methods. A wide variety of derivative-free methods exist and each method has both advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, to address such problems, we propose a hybrid approach, which allows the combining of beneficial elements of multiple methods in order to more efficiently search the design space. Specifically, in this paper, we illustrate the capabilities of two novel algorithms; one which hybridizes pattern search optimization with Gaussian Process emulation and the other which hybridizes pattern search and a genetic algorithm. We describe the hybrid methods and give some numerical results for a hydrological application which illustrate that the hybrids find an optimal solution under conditions for which traditional optimal search methods fail.

Fowler, Katie (Clarkson University, NY); Gray, Genetha Anne; Griffin, Joshua D. (SAS Institute, NC)

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Proton Conductor based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Ceramatec, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT 84119  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells based Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Ceramatec, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT 84119 S. (Elango) Elangovan, Joseph Hartvigsen, Insoo Bay, and Feng Zhao High efficiency operation is one of the primary attractions to use solid oxide fuel cells as the energy conversion device. High efficiency requires maximizing of the product of operating voltage and fuel utilization. The maximum possible operating voltage however is limited by the Nernst potential near the fuel exhaust. In oxygen conducting electrolyte based fuel cells (O-SOFC) as the fuel utilization increases, the Nernst potential continues to decrease with the dilution of fuel by the reaction products. In contrast, in a proton conducting electrolyte based fuel cell (P-SOFC) the reaction product is formed on the cathode side allowing for high operating voltage at high fuel

356

An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Geophysical And Drilling Data Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Updated Conceptual Model Of The Travale Geothermal Field Based On Recent Geophysical And Drilling Data Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: an updated picture of the Travale field is given, based on geophysical and drilling data acquired since 1978. In deriving the model, extensive use is made of the geophysical data produced in the course of the EEC test site programme (1980-1983), particularly from seismic and time domain EM methods which allowed for penetrating thick and conductive cover formations and to match deep tectonic and hydrothermal alteration trends thought to indirectly characterize the geothermal reservoir. It is

357

Summary of LOGDEX data base  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of LOGDEX, the digitized well log data base maintained by the Center for Energy Studies at The University of Texas at Austin is presented. These well logs were obtained from various oil companies and then converted from paper well logs to numeric information on magnetic computer tapes for input into the well log data base. This data base serves as a resource for application programs in the study of geopressured geothermal energy resources, for well logging research, and for geological research. Currently the location and scope of well log data that may be found within the LOGDEX data base are limited to wells along the Texas-Louisiana Gulf Coast that are known to have a potential as a geopressured geothermal energy resource. Additionally the location of these wells in that area is highly localized into areas that have been defined by Department of Energy researchers as having a high potential for geopressured geothermal energy. The LOGDEX data base currently contains data from more than 350 wells, representing more than 1600 logs and 16,600,000 curve feet of data. For quick reference to a given log, the summary listing has been indexed into seven divisions: well classification, location by county or parish, curve type, log type, operators, location by state, and well names. These indexes are arranged alphabetically and cross-referenced by page number.

Hill, T.; Sepehrnoori, K.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

ARM - Measurement - Cloud base height  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

base height base height ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Cloud base height For a given cloud or cloud layer, the lowest level of the atmosphere where cloud properties are detectable. Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments BLC : Belfort Laser Ceilometer MPL : Micropulse Lidar MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler RL : Raman Lidar VCEIL : Vaisala Ceilometer External Instruments NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC

359

Coal Reserves Data Base report  

SciTech Connect

The Coal Reserves Data Base (CRDB) Program is a cooperative data base development program sponsored by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The objective of the CRDB Program is to involve knowledgeable coal resource authorities from the major coal-bearing regions in EIA's effort to update the Nation's coal reserves data. This report describes one of two prototype studies to update State-level reserve estimates. The CRDB data are intended for use in coal supply analyses and to support analyses of policy and legislative issues. They will be available to both Government and non-Government analysts. The data also will be part of the information used to supply United States energy data for international data bases and for inquiries from private industry and the public. (VC)

Jones, R.W.; Glass, G.B.

1991-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

360

Energy Data Base: Subject Thesaurus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This seventh edition of the subject thesaurus contains the standard vocabulary of indexing terms (descriptors) developed and structured by the technical staff of the Office of Scientific and Technical Information as part of its subject indexing activities for building and maintaining the Energy Data Base (EDB) and other energy information data bases for the Department of Energy (DOE). The purpose of this thesaurus is to enhance the efficiency of information retrieval from these data bases. This structured vocabulary reflects the scope of DOE's research, development, and technological programs and encompasses terminology derived not only from the basic sciences for also from areas of energy resources, conservation, safety, environmental impact, and regulation. There are 21,080 valid descriptors and 5683 forbidden terms in this edition of the Thesaurus. These descriptors are listed alphabetically.

Raridon, M.H. (ed.)

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

A High Temperature Electrochemical Energy Storage System Based on Sodium Beta-Alumina Solid Electrolyte (Base)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work done during the period September 1, 2005 and March 31, 2008. Work was conducted in the following areas: (1) Fabrication of sodium beta{double_prime} alumina solid electrolyte (BASE) using a vapor phase process. (2) Mechanistic studies on the conversion of {alpha}-alumina + zirconia into beta{double_prime}-alumina + zirconia by the vapor phase process. (3) Characterization of BASE by X-ray diffraction, SEM, and conductivity measurements. (4) Design, construction and electrochemical testing of a symmetric cell containing BASE as the electrolyte and NaCl + ZnCl{sub 2} as the electrodes. (5) Design, construction, and electrochemical evaluation of Na/BASE/ZnCl{sub 2} electrochemical cells. (6) Stability studies in ZnCl{sub 2}, SnCl{sub 2}, and SnI{sub 4} (7) Design, assembly and testing of planar stacks. (8) Investigation of the effect of porous surface layers on BASE on cell resistance. The conventional process for the fabrication of sodium ion conducting beta{double_prime}-alumina involves calcination of {alpha}-alumina + Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} + LiNO{sub 3} at 1250 C, followed by sintering powder compacts in sealed containers (platinum or MgO) at {approx}1600 C. The novel vapor phase process involves first sintering a mixture of {alpha}-alumina + yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) into a dense ceramic followed by exposure to soda vapor at {approx}1450 C to convert {alpha}-alumina into beta{double_prime}-alumina. The vapor phase process leads to a high strength BASE, which is also resistant to moisture attack, unlike BASE made by the conventional process. The PI is the lead inventor of the process. Discs and tubes of BASE were fabricated in the present work. In the conventional process, sintering of BASE is accomplished by a transient liquid phase mechanism wherein the liquid phase contains NaAlO{sub 2}. Some NaAlO{sub 2} continues to remain at grain boundaries; and is the root cause of its water sensitivity. In the vapor phase process, NaAlO{sub 2} is never formed. Conversion occurs by a coupled transport of Na{sup +} through BASE formed and of O{sup 2-} through YSZ to the reaction front. Transport to the reaction front is described in terms of a chemical diffusion coefficient of Na{sub 2}O. The conversion kinetics as a function of microstructure is under investigation. The mechanism of conversion is described in this report. A number of discs and tubes of BASE have been fabricated by the vapor phase process. The material was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), before and after conversion. Conductivity (which is almost exclusively due to sodium ion transport at the temperatures of interest) was measured. Conductivity was measured using sodium-sodium tests as well as by impedance spectroscopy. Various types of both planar and tubular electrochemical cells were assembled and tested. In some cases the objective was to determine if there was any interaction between the salt and BASE. The interaction of interest was mainly ion exchange (possible replacement of sodium ion by the salt cation). It was noted that Zn{sup 2+} did not replace Na+ over the conditions of interest. For this reason much of the work was conducted with ZnCl{sub 2} as the cathode salt. In the case of Sn-based, Sn{sup 2+} did ion exchange, but Sn{sup 4+} did not. This suggests that Sn{sup 4+} salts are viable candidates. These results and implications are discussed in the report. Cells made with Na as the anode and ZnCl{sub 2} as the cathode were successfully charged/discharged numerous times. The key advantages of the batteries under investigation here over the Na-S batteries are: (1) Steel wool can be used in the cathode compartment unlike Na-S batteries which require expensive graphite. (2) Planar cells can be constructed in addition to tubular, allowing for greater design flexibility and integration with other devices such as planar SOFC. (3) Comparable or higher open circuit voltage (OCV) than the Na-S battery. (4) Wider operating temperature range and higher temper

Anil Virkar

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

362

Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Infrastructure Infrastructure Analysis Margo Melendez & Keith Parks January 26, 2006 Geographically-Based Infrastructure Analysis (GIA) Utilizes GIS, geographically segregated data, and transition expertise to add the spatial component to infrastructure analysis NREL Core Competencies * Geographic data, tools, and expertise * Flexibility to address a wide array of transition issues NREL Capability Diagram Geographically-based Infrastructure Analysis GIS Transportation Technologies & Systems Electric & Hydrogen Technologies Energy Analysis Office GIA Activities Previous and Ongoing * HYDS ME - Evaluates best infrastructure options * Interstate Infrastructure Analysis - Minimal infrastructure to facilitate interstate travel during transition New Analyses * Quantifying transitional hydrogen demand

363

Base case and perturbation scenarios  

SciTech Connect

This report describes fourteen energy factors that could affect electricity markets in the future (demand, process, source mix, etc.). These fourteen factors are believed to have the most influence on the State? s energy environment. A base case, or most probable, characterization is given for each of these fourteen factors over a twenty year time horizon. The base case characterization is derived from quantitative and qualitative information provided by State of California government agencies, where possible. Federal government databases are nsed where needed to supplement the California data. It is envisioned that a initial selection of issue areas will be based upon an evaluation of them under base case conditions. For most of the fourteen factors, the report identities possible perturbations from base case values or assumptions that may be used to construct additional scenarios. Only those perturbations that are plausible and would have a significant effect on energy markets are included in the table. The fourteen factors and potential perturbations of the factors are listed in Table 1.1. These perturbations can be combined to generate internally consist.ent. combinations of perturbations relative to the base case. For example, a low natural gas price perturbation should be combined with a high natural gas demand perturbation. The factor perturbations are based upon alternative quantitative forecasts provided by other institutions (the Department of Energy - Energy Information Administration in some cases), changes in assumptions that drive the quantitative forecasts, or changes in assumptions about the structure of the California energy markets. The perturbations are intended to be used for a qualitative reexamination of issue areas after an initial evaluation under the base case. The perturbation information would be used as a ?tiebreaker;? to make decisions regarding those issue areas that were marginally accepted or rejected under the base case. Hf a quantitative scoring system for issue areas were applied under the base case, a tractable quantitative decision model incorporating scenarios and their likelihoods could be developed and appli& in the decision process. LLNL has developed four perturbation scenarios that address the following issues: l} low economic growth, 2) high natural gas prices, 3) dysfunctional markets, and 4) a preference for green power. We have proposed a plausible scenario that addresses each issue for discussion and consideration by the CEC. In addition, we have provided an example application of the four perturbation scenarios in a qualitative framework for evaluation of issue areas developed for the PIEPC program. A description of each of the perturbation scenarios and a discussion of how they could effect decisions about today? s R&D funding is included. The scenarios attempt to cover a broad spectrum of plausible outcomes in a deregulated market environment. Nowever, Vhey are not a comprehensive and rigorously defined list of the most probable scenarios, but rather a qualitative inference based upon knowledge and expertise in the energy field.

Edmunds, T

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Grammar-based whitebox fuzzing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Whitebox fuzzing is a form of automatic dynamic test generation, based on symbolic execution and constraint solving, designed for security testing of large applications. Unfortunately, the current effectiveness of whitebox fuzzing is limited when testing ... Keywords: automatic test generation, grammars, program verification, software testing

Patrice Godefroid; Adam Kiezun; Michael Y. Levin

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

ANN - based distribution system reconfiguration  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) - based distribution system reconfiguration scheme to reduce system loss. The ANN is trained for different load levels and different network topologies. The proposed scheme has been tested using a 38 - bus distribution system. The results are very promising.

Momoh, J.A.; Wang, Yanchun [Howard Univ., Washington, DC (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.; Rizy, D.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Pattern-Based Parallel Programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advantages of pattern-based programming have been well-documented in the sequential programming literature. However patterns have yet to make their way into mainstream parallel computing, even though several research tools support them. There are ... Keywords: parallel programming environment, design patterns, frameworks, meta-programming

S. Bromling; S. MacDonald; J. Anvik; J. Schaeffer; D. Szafron; K. Tan

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Lambek Grammars Based on Pregroups  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lambek [14] introduces pregroups as a new framework for syntactic structure. In this paper we prove some new theorems on pre-groups and study grammars based on the calculus of free pregroups. We prove that these grammars are equivalent to context-free ...

Wojciech Buszkowski

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Primeless factoring-based cryptography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Factoring-based public-key cryptosystems have an overall complexity which is dominated by the key-production algorithm, which requires the generation of prime numbers. This is most inconvenient in settings where the key-generation is not an one-off process, ...

Sonia Bogos, Ioana Boureanu, Serge Vaudenay

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Component-based LR parsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A language implementation with proper compositionality enables a compiler developer to divide-and-conquer the complexity of building a large language by constructing a set of smaller languages. Ideally, these small language implementations should be ... Keywords: Component-based software development, LR parsing, Parser generator

Xiaoqing Wu; Barrett R. Bryant; Jeff Gray; Marjan Mernik

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

FM-based indoor localization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major challenge for accurate fingerprint-based indoor localization is the design of robust and discriminative wireless signatures. Even though WiFi RSSI signatures are widely available indoors, they vary significantly over time and are susceptible ... Keywords: fingerprinting, fm, localization, mobile systems, wireless

Yin Chen; Dimitrios Lymberopoulos; Jie Liu; Bodhi Priyantha

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Density-based logistic regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a nonlinear logistic regression model for classification. The main idea is to map the data to a feature space based on kernel density estimation. A discriminative model is then learned to optimize the feature weights as well as ... Keywords: density estimation, logistic regression, medical prediction, nonlinear classification

Wenlin Chen, Yixin Chen, Yi Mao, Baolong Guo

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Belief-based risk analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a method for risk analysis based on the approach used in CRAMM, but instead of using discrete measures for threats and vulnerabilities and look-up tables to derive levels of risk, it uses subjective beliefs about threats and vulnerabilities ... Keywords: belief calculus, risk analysis, security

Audun Jsang; Daniel Bradley; Svein J. Knapskog

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Graphite-based photovoltaic cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention uses lithographically patterned graphite stacks as the basic building elements of an efficient and economical photovoltaic cell. The basic design of the graphite-based photovoltaic cells includes a plurality of spatially separated graphite stacks, each comprising a plurality of vertically stacked, semiconducting graphene sheets (carbon nanoribbons) bridging electrically conductive contacts.

Lagally, Max (Madison, WI); Liu, Feng (Salt Lake City, UT)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

374

Helping based on future expectations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Autonomous agents interacting in an open world can be considered to be primarily driven by self interests. Previous work in this area has prescribed a strategy of reciprocal behavior, based on past interactions, for promoting and sustaining cooperation ... Keywords: adaptation, agents, cooperation, reciprocity

Sabyasachi Saha; Sandip Sen; Partha Sarathi Dutta

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Content-based image retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to retrieve images it is much more sophisticated and usual for human beings to use natural language concepts, e.g. mountainlake, than syntactical features, e.g. red region left up. This leads to a content-based image retrieval. ...

Th. Hermes; Ch. Klauck; J. Krey; J. Zhang

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

HPPOS DATA BASE; Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) Data Base Based On Current 10 CFR 20  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The software contains information found in the publication `Health Physics Positions Data Base` (NUREG/CR-5569); a collection of summaries of the Nuclear Regulatory Commissions (NRC) Health Physics Positions (HPPOS) data base. The HPPOS data base is composed of 247 original documents in the form of letters, memoranda, and excerpts from technical reports that cover a wide range of topics in radiation protection (health physics). It was developed by NRC Headquarters and Regional Offices to help ensure uniformity in inspections, enforcement, and licensing actions. The HPPOS summaries are written in the context of the current Part 20 of Title 10 to the Code of Federal Regulations (10 CFR Part 20 and 20.1 - 20.601) and are intended to serve as a source of information useful in radiation protection programs at nuclear research and power reactors, nuclear medical laboratories, and other industries that process or use nuclear materials.

Borges, H.T.; Stafford, R.S.; Kerr, G.D.; Ly, P.Y. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN, (United States); Carter, D. [Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, D.C., (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Copula Based Stochastic Weather Generator as an Application for Crop Growth Models and Crop Insurance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stochastic Weather Generators (SWG) try to reproduce the stochastic patterns of climatological variables characterized by high dimensionality, non-normal probability density functions and non-linear dependence relationships. However, conventional SWGs usually typify weather variables with unjustified probability distributions assuming linear dependence between variables. This research proposes an alternative SWG that introduces the advantages of the Copula modeling into the reproduction of stochastic weather patterns. The Copula based SWG introduces more flexibility allowing researcher to model non-linear dependence structures independently of the marginals involved, also it is able to model tail dependence, which results in a more accurate reproduction of extreme weather events. Statistical tests on weather series simulated by the Copula based SWG show its capacity to replicate the statistical properties of the observed weather variables, along with a good performance in the reproduction of the extreme weather events. In terms of its use in crop growth models for the ratemaking process of new insurance schemes with no available historical yield data, the Copula based SWG allows one to more accurately evaluate the risk. The use of the Copula based SWG for the simulation of yields results in higher crop insurance premiums from more frequent extreme weather events, while the use of the conventional SWG for the yield estimation could lead to an underestimation of risks.

Juarez Torres, Miriam 77-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Modeling morphology evolution during solvent-based fabrication of organic solar cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solvent-based techniques usually involve preparing dilute blends of electron-donor and electron-acceptor materials dissolved in a volatile solvent. After some form of coating onto a substrate, the solvent evaporates. An initially homogeneous mixture separates into electron-acceptor rich and electron-donor rich regions as the solvent evaporates. Depending on the specifics of the blend and processing conditions different morphologies are typically formed. Experimental evidence consistently confirms that the morphology critically affects device performance. A computational framework that can predict morphology evolution can significantly augment experimental analysis. Such a framework will also allow high throughput analysis of the large phase space of processing parameters, thus yielding insight into the process-structure-property relationships. In this paper, we formulate a computational framework to predict evolution of morphology during solvent-based fabrication of organic thin films. This is accomplished by developing a phase field-based model of evaporation-induced and substrate-induced phase-separation in ternary systems. This formulation allows all the important physical phenomena affecting morphology evolution during fabrication to be naturally incorporated. We discuss the various numerical and computational challenges associated with a three dimensional, finite-element based, massively parallel implementation of this framework. This formulation allows, for the first time, to model 3D morphology evolution over large time spans on device scale domains. We illustrate this framework by investigating and quantifying the effect of various process and system variables on morphology evolution. We explore ways to control the morphology evolution by investigating different evaporation rates, blend ratios and interaction parameters between components.

Olga Wodo; Baskar Ganapathysubramanian

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

870 870 rd Presented at the 203 Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, April 28-30, 2003 in Paris, France and published in the Proceedings. Lithium-Based Electrochromic Mirrors Thomas J. Richardson and Jonathan L. Slack Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 2003 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs, Office of Building Research and Standards of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. LITHIUM-BASED ELECTROCHROMIC MIRRORS Thomas J. Richardson* and Jonathan L. Slack Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, California 94720, USA

380

Scintillator Based Energetic Ion Loss Diagnostic for the National Spherical Torus Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scintillator based energetic ion loss detector has been built and installed on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) to measure the loss of neutral beam ions. The detector is able to resolve the pitch angle and gyroradius of the lost energetic ions. It has a wide acceptance range in pitch angle and energy, and is able to resolve the full, one-half, and one-third energy components of the 80 keV D neutral beams up to the maximum toroidal magnetic field of NSTX. Multiple Faraday cups have been embedded behind the scintillator to allow easy absolute calibration of the diagnostic and to measure the energetic ion loss to several ranges of pitch angle with good time resolution. Several small, vacuum compatible lamps allow simple calibration of the scintillator position within the field of view of the diagnostic's video camera.

D.S. Darrow

2007-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Stress-Based Fatigue Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The FatiguePro software, developed by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and first deployed in 1989, is a fatigue monitoring program that is widely used around the world to assist with aging management of nuclear power plants. The FatiguePro stress-based fatigue (SBF) module has used a single stress term for calculating fatigue usage factors. This simplified approach was chosen not only because of computer limitations at the time, but also because the conventional stress cycle counting algorith...

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

382

Condition-Based Maintenance Guideline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the 1980s, EPRI has published various documents relating to predictive or condition-based maintenance (CBM) programs. These documents have served as a foundation for predictive maintenance programs within our industry. Many of these published documents are now more than 10 years old. As a result, EPRI is reviewing these documents to compare them with current practices and programs. EPRIs initial goal is to revise and update the guidance and create a principal core document on predictive and conditi...

2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

383

Experience Based Seismic Equipment Qualification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidelines that can be used to perform an experience-based seismic equipment qualification for verification of seismic adequacy of active electrical and mechanical equipment consistent with requirements of American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)-7. The report summarizes what requirements are sufficient to ensure that an item of equipment can perform its intended safety function after a design earthquake. The report also provides additional guidance on ensuring that an item of equi...

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

384

Comorphism-based Grothendieck logics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In order to obtain a semantic foundation for heterogeneous specification, we extend Diaconescu's morphism-based Grothendieck institutions to the case of comorphisms. This is not just a dualization, because we obtain more general results, especially concerning amalgamation properties. We also introduce a proof calculus for structured heterogeneous speci cations and study its soundness and completeness (where amalgamation properties play a r^ole for obtaining the latter).

Till Mossakowski

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Normalized information-based divergences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is devoted to the mathematical study of some divergences based on the mutual information well-suited to categorical random vectors. These divergences are generalizations of theentropy distanceandinformation distance. Their main characteristic is that they combine a complexity term and the mutual information. We then introduce the notion of (normalized) informationbased divergence, propose several examples and discuss their mathematical properties.

J. -f. Coeurjolly; R. Drouilhet; J. -f. Robineau

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Better bases for kernel spaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we investigate the feasibility of constructing stable, local bases for computing with kernels. In particular, we are interested in constructing families $(b_{\\xi})_{\\xi\\in\\Xi}$ that function as bases for kernel spaces $S(k,\\Xi)$ so that each basis function is constructed using very few kernels. In other words, each function $b_{\\zeta}(x) = \\sum_{\\xi\\in\\Xi} A_{\\zeta,\\xi} k(x,\\xi)$ is a linear combination of samples of the kernel with few nonzero coefficients $A_{\\zeta,\\xi}$. This is reminiscent of the construction of the B-spline basis from the family of truncated power functions. We demonstrate that for a large class of kernels (the Sobolev kernels as well as many kernels of polyharmonic and related type) such bases exist. In fact, the basis elements can be constructed using a combination of roughly $O(\\log N)^d$ kernels, where $d$ is the local dimension of the manifold and $N$ is the dimension of the kernel space (i.e. $N=#\\Xi$). Viewing this as a preprocessing step -- the construction of the...

Fuselier, E J; Narcowich, F J; Ward, J D; Wright, G B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Energy Basics: Bio-Based Products  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Share this resource Biomass Biofuels Biopower Bio-Based Products Biomass Resources Geothermal Hydrogen Hydropower Ocean Solar Wind Bio-Based Products Almost all of the products...

388

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Electron Correlation in Iron-Based Superconductors Print In 2008, the discovery of iron-based superconductors stimulated a worldwide burst of activity, leading to about two...

389

Image-based Visual Servoing Image-based Visual Servoing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With "standard" cameras Basics x IL IR CL CR xL xR eL eR CR RCL ,CR tCL E Hartley (2003) #12;Image-based VisualR eL eR CR RCL ,CR tCL E Coordinate transformation: CR x =CR RCL CL x +CR tCL Epipolar plane: (oCL , oCR , x) CR x CR tCL ?CR RCL CL x = 0 Projection (in camera coordinates!) Ci x = fi Ci z Ci x with i {L

Moeller, Ralf

390

A three-dimensional laboratory steam injection model allowing in situ saturation measurements  

SciTech Connect

The CT imaging technique together with temperature and pressure measurements were used to follow the steam propagation during steam and steam foam injection experiments in a three dimensional laboratory steam injection model. The advantages and disadvantages of different geometries were examined to find out which could best represent radial and gravity override flows and also fit the dimensions of the scanning field of the CT scanner. During experiments, steam was injected continuously at a constant rate into the water saturated model and CT scans were taken at six different cross sections of the model. Pressure and temperature data were collected with time at three different levels in the model. During steam injection experiments, the saturations obtained by CT matched well with the temperature data. That is, the steam override as observed by temperature data was also clearly seen on the CT pictures. During the runs where foam was present, the saturation distributions obtained from CT pictures showed a piston like displacement. However, the temperature distributions were different depending on the type of steam foam process used. The results clearly show that the pressure/temperature data alone are not sufficient to study steam foam in the presence of non-condensible gas.

Demiral, B.M.R.; Pettit, P.A.; Castanier, L.M.; Brigham, W.E.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

An Extension of a Linguistic Negation Model Allowing Us to Deny Nuanced Property Combinations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we improve the abilities of a previous model of representation of vague information expressed under an affirmative or negative form. The study more especially insists on information referring to linguistic negation. The extended definition ...

Daniel Pacholczyk

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

PM PEMs Pre-Measurement Allowance On-Road Evaluation and Investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This engine was not equipped with an aftertreatment systemThis engine was not equipped with an aftertreatment system

Durbin, T; Jung, H; Cocker III, D R; Johnson, K

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Price discovery and information linkages in the emission allowance and energy markets .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We provide the first evidence on the catalysts for price discovery in the European Union Emissions Trading System. Short-run return dynamics are analysed using a (more)

Swieringa, John Edward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Allocation, incentives and distortions: the impact of EU ETS emissions allowance allocations to the electricity sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NE allocation is used. The allocation results in accelerated construction and operation of combined cycle gas turbines and thus lower CO2 emissions. For our given set of input parameters, the results for uniform-benchmark or fuel-specific benchmark... allocation on activities in Phase I is explicitly prohibited by the EU Directive, some MSs update allocations using fuel-specific benchmarks (FSB) where the benchmark is set higher for coal-fired plants than for gas-fired plants. Here, we assess the impact...

Neuhoff, Karsten; Keats, Kim; Sato, Misato

395

Why are allowance prices so low? : an analysis of the SO2 emissions trading program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of the reduction in SO2 emissions by electric utilities between 1985 and 1993. We find that emissions have been reduced for reasons largely unrelated to the emission reduction mandate ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 46 & 47- CO2 Budget Trading Program & Allowance Distribution (Rhode Island)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For the purposes of these regulations, CO2 budget units are defined as units that serve an electricity generator with nameplate capacity greater than or equal to 25 MWe. The regulations describe...

397

Energy Savings in Buildings Using Air Movement and Allowing Floating Temperature in Rooms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of the research study was to determine if building loads could be reduced by using an intelligent controller rather than a thermostatic controller to operate heating and air conditioning equipment. In order to switch the equipment on and off at the proper times, the intelligent controller calculated temperature limits using a mathematical procedure that determined the percentage of people who would be comfortable in rooms of the building. Simulations showed the annual cost savings from intelligent controllers ranged from 6 to 37 percent for residences and from 6 to 29 percent for the offices. An ancillary study showed that a ceiling fan provided comfort in a 112 square foot floor area to 85 F and in a 200 to 250 square foot area to 82 F.

Spain, S.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

2.2 Optimum Yield and Options for Area-Specific Total Allowable Catches (TACs)..4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document summarizes the options under consideration for the 2005 specifications for the Atlantic herring fishery. It supplements the May 5, 2004 Herring PDT/TC Report and includes additional background information and analyses provided by the PDT/TC. The relative risk assessment presented in this document has been updated and replaces

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Polymeric Nanoparticle PET/MR Imaging Allows Macrophage Detection in Atherosclerotic Plaques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rationale: Myeloid cell content in atherosclerotic plaques associates with rupture and thrombosis. Thus, imaging of lesional monocytes and macrophages could serve as a biomarker of disease progression and therapeutic ...

Majmudar, M. D.

400

On the interplay between allowed Gamow-Teller and Isovector Spin Monopole (IVSM) excitations  

SciTech Connect

The excitation of Gamow-Teller (GT) and Isovector Spin Monopole (IVSM) modes in {sup 116}In by (p,n) and (n,p)) charge-exchange reactions is studied within the framework of the Quasiparticle Random-phase Approximation. It is shown that the admixture of the IVSM and Gamow-Teller (GT) excitations is negligible, and that the contribution to the strength above 20 MeV excitation energy, in {sup 116}In, is, most likely, due to the IVSM ({sigma}r{sup 2}{tau}{sup {+-}}) mode.

Bes, D. R. [Dept of Physics. Lab.Tandar, CAC-CNEA. Avda Gral Paz 1499, 1650 Gral San Martin (Argentina); Civitarese, O. [Dept of Physics, University of La Plata, c.c.67 1900, La Plata (Argentina); Suhonen, J. [Dept of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014, Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2011-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Electrical Usage Profiling The roll out of Smart Meters between now and 2020 will allow  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be the first to be targeted · Black houses are heavier users · Blue houses use less power so probably wouldn generation such as solar power and how it affects the household's behaviours Summer 2012 Possible of the households to target for particular incentives. · Red houses are creatures of habit, show very little

Aickelin, Uwe

402

Interception and modification of network authentication packets with the purpose of allowing alternative authentication modes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and systems in a data/computer network for authenticating identifying data transmitted from a client to a server through use of a gateway interface system which are communicately coupled to each other are disclosed. An authentication packet transmitted from a client to a server of the data network is intercepted by the interface, wherein the authentication packet is encrypted with a one-time password for transmission from the client to the server. The one-time password associated with the authentication packet can be verified utilizing a one-time password token system. The authentication packet can then be modified for acceptance by the server, wherein the response packet generated by the server is thereafter intercepted, verified and modified for transmission back to the client in a similar but reverse process.

Kent, Alexander Dale (Los Alamos, NM)

2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

403

Sewage waste enriches city parks: forced aeration allows sludge cake to be used as compost  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A study of managing sewage wastes in the City of Windsor shows that composting of sludges is practical in most urbanized areas in Canada. Composting is a method to treat waste (or recycling of waste) and at this point is not a signficant moneymaker. By composting sewage sludge cake, the odors are alleviated and a stable humus-like organic material is produced. The exothermic proces generates temperatures within the pile that effectively destroy many of the human pathogens. While composting is more labor intensive than some of the other systems of sludge cake disposal, it is not capital intensive. The composting of sewage sludge is a conserver of energy when compared to other methods of disposal. The end product can be utilized as a soil conditioner safety.

Romano, L.S.; Faust, J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Physical aging studied by a device allowing for rapid thermal equilibration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aging to the equilibrium liquid state of organic glasses is studied. The glasses were prepared by cooling the liquid to temperatures just below the glass transition. Aging following a temperature jump was studied by measuring the dielectric loss at a fixed frequency using a microregulator in which temperature is controlled by means of a Peltier element. Compared to conventional equipment the new device adds almost two orders of magnitude to the span of observable aging times. Data for the following five glass-forming liquids are presented: Dibutyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, 2,3-epoxy propyl-phenyl-ether, 5-polyphenyl-ether, and triphenyl phosphite. The aging data were analyzed using the Tool-Narayanaswamy formalism. The following features are found for all five liquids: 1) Each liquid has an "internal clock", a fact that is established by showing that the aging of the structure is controlled by the same material time that controls the dielectric properties. 2) There are no so-called expansion gaps between the long-time limits of the relaxation rates following up and down jumps to the same temperature. 3) At long times the structural relaxation is not stretched, but a simple exponential decay. 4) For small temperature steps the rate of the long-time exponential structural relaxation is identical to that of the long-time decay of the dipole autocorrelation function.

Tina Hecksher; Niels Boye Olsen; Kristine Niss; Jeppe C. Dyre

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

405

Nuclear Transformation of Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii to Allow for Studies on Circadian Expression of the ?-Tubulin Gene.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Circadian rhythms are rhythms that are capable of free-running in constant conditions with a period of approximately 24 hours, that are able to compensate temperature (more)

Khan, Mohammed

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

and allows a deeper insight into structural rearrangements during the first isomerization step.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Confined Acoustic Vibrations Tzu-Ming Liu, Hung-Pin Chen, Shih-Chia Yeh, Chih-Yu Wu, Chung-Hsiung Wang time of hydrogen bonding of water mol- ecules. If the surface to volume ratio of macromolecules is large, surrounding water molecules will overdamp the vibrations and smear the resonant absorp- tion

Oldenburg, Amy

407

http://biosearch.berkeley.edu/ The BioText Search Engine allows users to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Hearst, Anna Divoli, Harendra Guturu, Alex Ksikes, Preslav Nakov, Michael A. Wooldridge and Jerry Ye

Hearst, Marti

408

PR-A (Progesterone Receptor A) Transgenic Mice Allow Study of ...  

Research Tools; Developing World; Energy. Energy Efficiency; ... Study of the endocrine basis of breast cancer and cancer of the female reproductive ...

409

Long-Run Equilibrium Modeling of Alternative Emissions Allowance Allocation Systems in Electric Power Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

periods: T = 20 periods per year, each Ht = 438 hours in length Demands: dt(pt) = at ? btpt, with at = 500t and bt = t/2 Nonpower emission: eNP (pe) = 0 Generator types: i = 1 (coal steam), 2 (natural gas-fired combined cycle), and 3 (natural gas... -fired combustion turbine) Minimal generation: CAP1 = 0 MW, CAP2 = 0 MW, and CAP3 = 0 MW Marginal costs: MC1 = 20 $/MWh, MC2 = 40 $/MWh, and MC3 = 80 $/MWh Investment costs: F1 = 120, 000 $/MW/yr, F2 = 75, 000 $/MW/yr, and F3 = 50, 000 $/MW/yr Firms...

Schulkin, Jinye Z; Hobbs, Benjamin F; Pang, Jong-Shi

410

Refined scenario of standard Big Bang nucleosynthesis allowing for nonthermal nuclear reactions in the primordial plasma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard scenario of big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) is generalized to take into account nonthermal nuclear reactions in the primordial plasma. These reactions are naturally triggered in the BBN epoch by fast particles generated in various exoergic processes. It is found that, although such particles can appreciably enhance the rates of some individual reactions, their influence on the whole process of element production is not significant. The nonthermal corrections to element abundances are obtained to be 0.1% ({sup 3}H), -0.03% ({sup 7}Li), and 0.34 %-0.63% (CNO group).

Voronchev, Victor T.; Nakao, Yasuyuki; Nakamura, Makoto; Tsukida, Kazuki [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation); Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan); Division of Advanced Plasma Research, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 2-166 Oaza-Obuchi-Aza-Omotedate, Rokkasho, Kamikita, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan); Department of Applied Quantum Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Kyushu University, Motooka, Fukuoka 819-0395 (Japan)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

411

T-532: Vulnerability in Graphics Rendering Engine Could Allow Remote Code Execution  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Microsoft is investigating new public reports of a vulnerability in the Windows Graphics Rendering Engine. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the security context of the logged-on user.

412

Wavenumber Analysis of Azimuthally Distributed Data: Assessing Maximum Allowable Gap Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performing wavenumber decomposition on azimuthally distributed data such as those in tropical cyclones can be challenging when data gaps exist in the signal. In the literature, ad hoc approaches are found to determine maximum gap size beyond which ...

Sylvie Lorsolo; Altu? Aksoy

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

The Impact on New Hampshire's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Council, Report of the Vermont Civil Union ReviewConnecticut, New Jersey and Vermont. The full methodologyoffices in Connecticut and Vermont and by the Comptroller

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Kukura, Elizabeth

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

The Impact on New Mexico's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Coules to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

civil unions may only be dissolved by Vermont residents). E-Office of Vital Records, Vermont Department of Health, to R.3 New Jersey, 4 and Vermont. 5 The full methodology for our

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Homer, Steven K; Curtis, Patrice; Kukura, Elizabeth

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Total allowable catch for managing squat lobster fishery using stochastic nonlinear programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors' work on lobster fishery in Chile is summarized in this paper. The paper presents the formulation and algorithmic resolution of a two-stage stochastic nonlinear programming model with recourse. The proposed model considers a long-term planning ... Keywords: decomposition, fishery management, planning, stochastic programming

Vctor M. Albornoz; Cristian M. Canales

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

SPACESHUTTLEPROGRAMPETITIONFOR HCFC 141b Exemption Allowance Figure 3.2 Cornpleteil ET in Sliruy Cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to be calculated for the foam covered parts it is essential for the foam to be dimensionally stable for all connecting the ET to the Orbiter Cryogenic propellants flow between the tank and Orbiter at this critical will vaporize into gas This vaporized liquid file1 will disrupt critical tlow of propellant from the External

Christian, Eric

417

Climate Change Likely Will Allow Tropical Disease to Thrive in United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is their ability to enter into daily torpor and seasonal hibernation to conserve energy during cool nights. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus...........Desmodus rotundus (vampire bat), Uroderma bilobatum (tent's horseshoe bat), Rhinolophus horsfeldi (possibly Megaderma spasma, lesser false vampire bat) Mojui dos Campos

Rock, Chris

418

Aerodynamic levitator allows samples to float on air | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

processed as liquids at some stage in their life, such as silicon wafers that start as sand and then are converted into silicon by melting and processing. "We look at the liquid...

419

The Impact of Washington's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/CSP/CSP_Main_Page.html (lastavailable at http://www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/CSP/CSP_Main_Page.html. WILLIAMS INSTITUTE / IGLSS STUDY The

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Kukura, Elizabeth; Lau, Holning S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

The Impact on New Mexico's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Coules to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

available at http://www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/CSP/CSP_Main_Page.html (last visited December 7, 2005). 51www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/CSP/CSP_Main_Page.html. The

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Sears, Brad; Homer, Steven K; Curtis, Patrice; Kukura, Elizabeth

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Some Practical Considerations Regarding Horizontal Resolution in the First Generation of Operational Convection-Allowing NWP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the 2005 NOAA Hazardous Weather Testbed Spring Experiment two different high-resolution configurations of the Weather Research and Forecasting-Advanced Research WRF (WRF-ARW) model were used to produce 30-h forecasts 5 days a week for a ...

John S. Kain; Steven J. Weiss; David R. Bright; Michael E. Baldwin; Jason J. Levit; Gregory W. Carbin; Craig S. Schwartz; Morris L. Weisman; Kelvin K. Droegemeier; Daniel B. Weber; Kevin W. Thomas

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

The Impact on Maryland's Budget of Allowing Same-Sex Couples to Marry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Survey of Donors . Internal Revenue Service. Estate Taxaccessed November 2007). Internal Revenue Service. EstateStates is $6,500). Internal Revenue Service. Estate Tax

Badgett, M.V. Lee; Baumle, Amanda K; Kravich, Shawn; Romero, Adam P.; Sears, Brad

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Neutron Polarizers Based on Polarized 3He  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this work, which is a collaborative effort between Indiana University, NIST, and Hamilton College, is to extend the technique of polarized neutron scattering into new domains by the development and application of polarized 3He-based neutron spin filters. After the IPNS experiment which measured Zeeman sp[litting in surface scattered neutrons using a polarized 3He cell as a polarization analyzer transporterd by car from Bloomington to Chicago, the Indiana work focused on technical developments to improve the 3He polarization of the Indiana compression system. The compression system was rebuilt with a new valve system which allows gas trapped in the dead volume of the compressors at the end of the piston stroke to be exhausted and conducted back to the optical pumping cell where it can be repolarized. We also incorporated a new intermediate storage volume made at NIST from 1720 glass which will reduce polarization losses between the compressors. Furthermore, we improved the stability of the 1083 nm laser by cooling the LMA rod. We achieved 60% 3he polarization in the optical pumping cell and 87% preservation of the polarization during compression. In parallel we built a magnetically-shielded transport solenoid for use on neutron scattering instruments such as POSY which achieves a fractional field uniformity of better than 10-3 per cm. The field was mapped using an automated 3D field mapping system for in-situ measurement of magnetic field gradients Diluted magnetic semiconductors offer many exciting opportunities for investigation of spintronic effects in solids and are certain to be one of the most active areas of condensed matter physics over then next several years. These materials can act as efficient spin injectors for devices that make use of spin-dependent transport phenomena. We just (late July 2002) finished a neutron reflectivity experiment at NIST on a GaMnAs trilayer film. This material is a ferromagnetic semiconductor which is of interest for possible applications in spintronics. With the temperature at 12 K and H=235G which saturated both layers' moment to be parallel to the guide field we saw ferromagnetic alignment (FM) of the two outer layers. We also have evidence that the two magnetic layers have different Tc's, and can therefore be used to fabricate a spin-valve. We see a peak at a location in q-space that could correspond to an anti-ferromagnetic state. Finally, we made progress in assembling a spin-exchange optical pumping system which will eventually be relocated to IPNS as an on-site neutron spin filter. As this is written we are preparing for the first effort to optically pump 3He using spin exchange at Indiana. This device will be operational before the end of the present grant. The goal of the work funded by the subcontract to Hamilton College was to support the work of NIST and Indiana in developing 3He-based neutron spin filters for use in polarized neutron scattering applications. Most of the grant period was used by Hamilton to construct the required infrastructure, including 3He cell filling and NMR systems. The main achievement at Hamiltonin is the successful operation of the spin exchange filling system to make a 3He spin exchange cell with a spin relaxation time of 300 hours. This very long relaxation time bodes well for the further development of spin exchange 3He spin filters. Hamilton also constructed a portable NMR device that was used at Indiana to conduct the compression system measurements.

William M. Snow

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A cooperative control algorithm for camera based observational systems.  

SciTech Connect

Over the last several years, there has been considerable growth in camera based observation systems for a variety of safety, scientific, and recreational applications. In order to improve the effectiveness of these systems, we frequently desire the ability to increase the number of observed objects, but solving this problem is not as simple as adding more cameras. Quite often, there are economic or physical restrictions that prevent us from adding additional cameras to the system. As a result, we require methods that coordinate the tracking of objects between multiple cameras in an optimal way. In order to accomplish this goal, we present a new cooperative control algorithm for a camera based observational system. Specifically, we present a receding horizon control where we model the underlying optimal control problem as a mixed integer linear program. The benefit of this design is that we can coordinate the actions between each camera while simultaneously respecting its kinematics. In addition, we further improve the quality of our solution by coupling our algorithm with a Kalman filter. Through this integration, we not only add a predictive component to our control, but we use the uncertainty estimates provided by the filter to encourage the system to periodically observe any outliers in the observed area. This combined approach allows us to intelligently observe the entire region of interest in an effective and thorough manner.

Young, Joseph G.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Data base of the environmental aspects of the transuranics  

SciTech Connect

Indexed and abstracted references to the environmental aspects of the transuranium elements are entered into and are retrievable from a dynamic, computerized information file (or data base) that is easily modified to reflect changing research needs. The information is distilled from the documents with the specific needs of the researcher in mind, such as numeric results, new methods, or instrumentation. The major areas of evaluation are: biological and medical studies on the effects of the transuranics, particularly as these elements relate to health considerations in man; biological and ecological availability, turnover, and food chain dynamics; analysis of environmental materials; environmental transport mechanisms, including resuspension; waste disposal as related to environmental concerns; monitoring; and regulations and standards for environmental levels. Annotated references are indexed to allow easy access for retrieving references to documents of interest to the user. The goal is to furnish the users all the references related to their specific query and few that are unrelated. This is done by liberal use of subject categories and keyterms. The studies on man and animals are divided into the subject categories of medical and biological aspects. Those aspects that are considered important when the document is analyzed are tabulated. These data are sought for in the article, included in the abstracts, and indexed with keyterms. This checklist is one of the ways the Data Base on the Environmental Aspects of the Transuranics strives to give users a reference to every paper in their subject area. (CH)

Pfuderer, H.

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Development of Substrate for RABiTS-based HTS Conductors  

SciTech Connect

During its fifteen years of life, this CRADA has evolved in both scope and purpose. Early efforts to develop high performance bismuth-based powder-in-tube first generation high temperature superconductors (HTS) have shifted toward efforts to understand and develop technologies required to fabricate second generation HTS coated conductors. Since the two original longstanding principal investigators from UT-Battelle and Oxford Superconducting Technology (OST) are not presently employed by their respective organizations, this final report shall focus primarily on results of the more recent past involving research and development of the deformation and annealing processes required to fabricate metallic substrates for RABiTS-based second generation coated conductors. The specific objectives of this recent work involve the development of OST Ni/3%W tape for HTS coated conductors and include: (a) to improve uniformity of cube texture through control of deformation and annealing parameters, (b) to minimize delamination and other buffer deposition problems through understanding and control of key parameters related to the metal substrate, (c) to ensure that the textured metal substrate allows well textured buffers with no delamination, and (d) to prepared a final report.

None

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

427

Die Face Engineering based Springback Compensation Strategy and Implementation  

SciTech Connect

Springback or shape change has been one of the major challenges in sheet metal fabrication, particularly with increase application of high strength steel (HSS) and aluminum alloys in automotive stamping. Springback, an elastic material recovery after the unloading of stamping tools, causes variations and inconsistencies of final part dimensions. Minor or mild springback usually can be corrected in the re-strike process. Excessive springback must be corrected so the part will be produced within the given design tolerance and dimension. The commonly used Spring Forward approaches and shape compensations such as over-crown and over-bending are proven effective to alleviate excessive springback. To enhance these approaches, a new strategy of Die Face Engineering (DFE) based processing is proposed to quickly and easily to achieve the maximum allowable compensation using the under cut (or die lock) as the primary criteria. The implementation of the die face compensation through iterative FEA calculation, automatic surface mapping, projection and manual morphing are crucial to meet production environment requirements in terms of generating NC quality CAD surfaces of the compensated or morphed die face. In this paper, the strategy of the die face compensation with the consideration of the under cut criteria is presented. The implementation of various processes to enable user to perform the die face compensation task in a production environment is also discussed. Finally, two examples are shown to demonstrate the implementation of the proposed springback compensation scheme based on the combined CAE/CAD methodology.

Tang, Arthur; Lee Wing; He, Jeanne; Xu Jinbo; Liu Kesu; Chen Chinchun [Engineering Technology Associates, Inc., Troy, Michigan (United States)

2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

428

Weather-based forecasts of California crop yields  

SciTech Connect

Crop yield forecasts provide useful information to a range of users. Yields for several crops in California are currently forecast based on field surveys and farmer interviews, while for many crops official forecasts do not exist. As broad-scale crop yields are largely dependent on weather, measurements from existing meteorological stations have the potential to provide a reliable, timely, and cost-effective means to anticipate crop yields. We developed weather-based models of state-wide yields for 12 major California crops (wine grapes, lettuce, almonds, strawberries, table grapes, hay, oranges, cotton, tomatoes, walnuts, avocados, and pistachios), and tested their accuracy using cross-validation over the 1980-2003 period. Many crops were forecast with high accuracy, as judged by the percent of yield variation explained by the forecast, the number of yields with correctly predicted direction of yield change, or the number of yields with correctly predicted extreme yields. The most successfully modeled crop was almonds, with 81% of yield variance captured by the forecast. Predictions for most crops relied on weather measurements well before harvest time, allowing for lead times that were longer than existing procedures in many cases.

Lobell, D B; Cahill, K N; Field, C B

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

429

Using a Bayesian framework and global sensitivity analysis to identify strengths and weaknesses of two process-based models differing in representation of autotrophic respiration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Process-based models are powerful tools for sustainable and adaptive forest management. Bayesian statistics and global sensitivity analysis allow to reduce uncertainties in parameters and outputs, and they provide better insight of model behaviour. In ... Keywords: 3-PG, Bayesian calibration, Bayesian model comparison, Carbon cycle, Global sensitivity analysis, Morris screening, Net primary production, Respiration, Uncertainty analysis

F. Minunno; M. Van Oijen; D. R. Cameron; S. Cerasoli; J. S. Pereira; M. Tom

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

PRE-SW Computer Based Training (CBT) - American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) CBT for Service Water System Engineers v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) requirements for Service Water System Engineers, Version 1.0 is a computer-based training module that allows users to access training when desired and review it at their own pace.This computer-based training (CBT) course's objective is to introduce students to ASME requirements associated with service water systems, and in particular, service water piping systems. The student will first learn about the design criteria used to ...

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

431

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Magmatic History Of The East Rift Zone Of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii Based On Drill Core From Soh 1 Details Activities (4) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Deep drilling has allowed for the first time an examination of most of the shield stage of a Hawaiian volcano when it is centered over the hotspot and most of its volume is produced. We determined the lithologies, ages, geochemical characteristics and accumulation rates of rocks from the continuously cored, ~1.7 km deep Scientific Observation Hole (SOH) 1, which was drilled into Kilauea's East Rift Zone. The uppermost ~750 m of this hole contain relatively unaltered subaerially quenched lavas; the lower

432

Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building Model-Based Control: Development of a software tool for responsive building research, design and operation Speaker(s): Brian Coffey Date: June 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-4133 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Peng Xu Model-based control approaches the problem of optimal supervisory control for complex building systems by using discrete timesteps and searching for an optimal control configuration at each timestep, using a detailed building model and an optimization algorithm. Although the approach itself is not new (it was proposed at least as early as 1988), it is only during the past five to ten years that readily-available computation power has allowed researchers to consider this approach with complex system models. Recent research has developed and tested this approach for active solar

433

Statistical properties of agent-based models in markets with continuous double auction mechanism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real world markets display power-law features in variables such as price fluctuations in stocks. To further understand market behavior, we have conducted a series of market experiments on our web-based prediction market platform which allows us to reconstruct transaction networks among traders. From these networks, we are able to record the degree of a trader, the size of a community of traders, the transaction time interval among traders and other variables that are of interest. The distributions of all these variables show power-law behavior. On the other hand, agent-based models have been proposed to study the properties of real financial markets. We here study the statistical properties of these agent-based models and compare them with the results from our web-based market experiments. In this work, three agent-based models are studied, namely, zero-intelligence (ZI), zero-intelligence-plus (ZIP) and Gjerstad-Dickhaut (GD). Computer simulations of variables based on these three agent-based models were car...

Tseng, Jie-Jun; Lin, Chih-Ting; Wang, Sun-Chong; Li, Sai-Ping; 10.1016/j.physa.2009.12.034

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Skew chicane based betatron eigenmode exchange module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A skewed chicane eigenmode exchange module (SCEEM) that combines in a single beamline segment the separate functionalities of a skew quad eigenmode exchange module and a magnetic chicane. This module allows the exchange of independent betatron eigenmodes, alters electron beam orbit geometry, and provides longitudinal parameter control with dispersion management in a single beamline segment with stable betatron behavior. It thus reduces the spatial requirements for multiple beam dynamic functions, reduces required component counts and thus reduces costs, and allows the use of more compact accelerator configurations than prior art design methods.

Douglas, David (Yorktown, VA)

2010-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

435

Embrittlement data base, version 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aging and degradation of light-water-reactor (LWR) pressure vessels is of particular concern because of their relevance to plant integrity and the magnitude of the expected irradiation embrittlement. The radiation embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) materials depends on many different factors such as flux, fluence, fluence spectrum, irradiation temperature, and preirradiation material history and chemical compositions. These factors must be considered to reliably predict pressure vessel embrittlement and to ensure the safe operation of the reactor. Based on embrittlement predictions, decisions must be made concerning operating parameters and issues such as low-leakage-fuel management, possible life extension, and the need for annealing the pressure vessel. Large amounts of data from surveillance capsules and test reactor experiments, comprising many different materials and different irradiation conditions, are needed to develop generally applicable damage prediction models that can be used for industry standards and regulatory guides. Version 1 of the Embrittlement Data Base (EDB) is such a comprehensive collection of data resulting from merging version 2 of the Power Reactor Embrittlement Data Base (PR-EDB). Fracture toughness data were also integrated into Version 1 of the EDB. For power reactor data, the current EDB lists the 1,029 Charpy transition-temperature shift data points, which include 321 from plates, 125 from forgoings, 115 from correlation monitor materials, 246 from welds, and 222 from heat-affected-zone (HAZ) materials that were irradiated in 271 capsules from 101 commercial power reactors. For test reactor data, information is available for 1,308 different irradiated sets (352 from plates, 186 from forgoings, 303 from correlation monitor materials, 396 from welds and 71 from HAZs) and 268 different irradiated plus annealed data sets.

Wang, J.A.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Risk-Based Production Optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the pilot application of a risk-informed approach to production optimization at fossil power plants. In this project, EPRI worked with a U.S. utility to develop risk profiles for plant components at two of the utilitys coal-fired generating units. The information was then used as a basis for identifying timing strategies for performing outage-based maintenance. The primary objective was to apply a risk-informed approach to identifying an optimal sequence of outage intervals and scop...

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

437

Physics Based on Physical Monism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a physical monism, which holds that the matter and space are classified by not a difference of their kind but a difference of magnitude of their density, I derive the most fundamental equation of motion, which is capable of providing a deeper physical understanding than the known physics. For example, this equation answers to the substantive reason of movement, and Newton's second law, which has been regarded as the definition of force, is derived in a substantive level from this equation. Further, the relativistic energy-mass formula is generalized to include the potential energy term, and the Lorentz force and Maxwell equations are newly derived.

Seong-Dong Kim

2005-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

438

Epoxy Based Nanodielectric with Homogeneously Distributed ...  

Electricity Transmission Advanced Materials Epoxy Based Nanodielectric with Homogeneously Distributed Nanoparticles Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Contact ...

439

An Agent Based Classification Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The major function of this model is to access the UCI Wisconsin Breast Can- cer data-set[1] and classify the data items into two categories, which are normal and anomalous. This kind of classifi cation can be referred as anomaly detection, which discriminates anomalous behaviour from normal behaviour in computer systems. One popular solution for anomaly detection is Artifi cial Immune Sys- tems (AIS). AIS are adaptive systems inspired by theoretical immunology and observed immune functions, principles and models which are applied to prob- lem solving. The Dendritic Cell Algorithm (DCA)[2] is an AIS algorithm that is developed specifi cally for anomaly detection. It has been successfully applied to intrusion detection in computer security. It is believed that agent-based mod- elling is an ideal approach for implementing AIS, as intelligent agents could be the perfect representations of immune entities in AIS. This model evaluates the feasibility of re-implementing the DCA in an agent-based simulation environ- ...

Gu, Feng; Greensmith, Julie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

RELIABILITY BASED DESIGN OF FIXED FOUNDATION WIND TURBINES  

SciTech Connect

Recent analysis of offshore wind turbine foundations using both applicable API and IEC standards show that the total load demand from wind and waves is greatest in wave driven storms. Further, analysis of overturning moment loads (OTM) reveal that impact forces exerted by breaking waves are the largest contributor to OTM in big storms at wind speeds above the operating range of 25 m/s. Currently, no codes or standards for offshore wind power generators have been adopted by the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) for use on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). Current design methods based on allowable stress design (ASD) incorporate the uncertainty in the variation of loads transferred to the foundation and geotechnical capacity of the soil and rock to support the loads is incorporated into a factor of safety. Sources of uncertainty include spatial and temporal variation of engineering properties, reliability of property measurements applicability and sufficiency of sampling and testing methods, modeling errors, and variability of estimated load predictions. In ASD these sources of variability are generally given qualitative rather than quantitative consideration. The IEC 61400‐3 design standard for offshore wind turbines is based on ASD methods. Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) methods are being increasingly used in the design of structures. Uncertainties such as those listed above can be included quantitatively into the LRFD process. In LRFD load factors and resistance factors are statistically based. This type of analysis recognizes that there is always some probability of failure and enables the probability of failure to be quantified. This paper presents an integrated approach consisting of field observations and numerical simulation to establish the distribution of loads from breaking waves to support the LRFD of fixed offshore foundations.

Nichols, R.

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

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441

Parity-based formalism for high spin matter fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the recent parity-based construction of a covariant basis for operators acting on the $(j,0)\\oplus(0,j)$ representation of the HLG, we propose a formalism for the description of high spin matter fields, based on the projection over subspaces of well-defined parity. We identify two possibilities for the projection, on-shell and off-shell projection. For all $j$ except for $j=1/2$, we find that the projection does not completely fix the properties of the interacting theory. This freedom is related to the fact that the covariant form of parity can be written in terms of one of the symmetric traceless tensors in the covariant basis and in general allows for a free magnetic dipole term in the lagrangian. We gauge the theory and construct the charge conjugation operator. In the case of bosons, the parity invariant subspaces are also invariant under charge conjugation and time reversal and the formulation of a quantum field theory can be done using only these subspaces. As a first exhaustive example we work out the electrodynamics for $j=1$ matter bosons, rewrite the theory in terms of an antisymmetric tensor field and compare our results with existing formalisms in the literature. We find that there are three essentially different formalisms: i) formalisms equivalent to the on-shell parity projection, ii) formalisms equivalent to the off-shell parity projection and iii) the Poincar\\'e projector formalism which describes a degenerate parity doublet. We perform a chiral decomposition of these theories and show that chiral symmetry can be realized linearly only for the theory based on the on-shell projection. Chiral symmetry forbids mass and anomalous magnetic dipole terms and in general admits six self-interaction terms. We conclude that this is the appropriate framework to attempt the incorporation of spin 1 matter bosons in chiral theories like the standard model.

M. Napsuciale; Selim Gmez-vila

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

442

BASE: Using abstraction to improve fault tolerance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Software errors are a major cause of outages and they are increasingly exploited in malicious attacks. Byzantine fault tolerance allows replicated systems to mask some software errors but it is expensive to deploy. This paper describes a replication ... Keywords: Byzantine fault tolerance, N-version programming, asynchronous systems, proactive recovery, state machine replication

Miguel Castro; Rodrigo Rodrigues; Barbara Liskov

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Method and apparatus for combinatorial logic signal processor in a digitally based high speed x-ray spectrometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high speed, digitally based, signal processing system which accepts a digitized input signal and detects the presence of step-like pulses in the this data stream, extracts filtered estimates of their amplitudes, inspects for pulse pileup, and records input pulse rates and system livetime. The system has two parallel processing channels: a slow channel, which filters the data stream with a long time constant trapezoidal filter for good energy resolution; and a fast channel which filters the data stream with a short time constant trapezoidal filter, detects pulses, inspects for pileups, and captures peak values from the slow channel for good events. The presence of a simple digital interface allows the system to be easily integrated with a digital processor to produce accurate spectra at high count rates and allow all spectrometer functions to be fully automated. Because the method is digitally based, it allows pulses to be binned based on time related values, as well as on their amplitudes, if desired.

Warburton, William K. (1300 Mills St., Menlo Park, CA 94025); Zhou, Zhiquing (Carl) (Fremont, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Conductive polymer-based material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed are polymer-based coatings and materials comprising (i) a polymeric composition including a polymer having side chains along a backbone forming the polymer, at least two of the side chains being substituted with a heteroatom selected from oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and combinations thereof; and (ii) a plurality of metal species distributed within the polymer. At least a portion of the heteroatoms may form part of a chelation complex with some or all of the metal species. In many embodiments, the metal species are present in a sufficient concentration to provide a conductive material, e.g., as a conductive coating on a substrate. The conductive materials may be useful as the thin film conducting or semi-conducting layers in organic electronic devices such as organic electroluminescent devices and organic thin film transistors.

McDonald, William F. (Utica, OH); Koren, Amy B. (Lansing, MI); Dourado, Sunil K. (Ann Arbor, MI); Dulebohn, Joel I. (Lansing, MI); Hanchar, Robert J. (Charlotte, MI)

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

445

Geothermal resource data base: Arizona  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides a compilation of geothermal well and spring information in Arizona up to 1993. This report and data base are a part of a larger congressionally-funded national effort to encourage and assist geothermal direct-use. In 1991, the US Department of Energy, Geothermal Division (DOE/GD) began a Low-Temperature Geothermal Resources and Technology Transfer Program. Phase 1 of this program includes updating the inventory of wells and springs of ten western states and placing these data into a digital format that is universally accessible to the PC. The Oregon Institute of Technology GeoHeat Center (OIT) administers the program and the University of Utah Earth Sciences and Resources Institute (ESRI) provides technical direction. In recent years, the primary growth in geothermal use in Arizona has occurred in aquaculture. Other uses include minor space heating and supply of warm mineral waters for health spas.

Witcher, J.C. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States). Southwest Technology Development Inst.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Sensor-Based Information Appliances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pervasive Computing is the main characteristic of the emerging fourth era of computer evolution. The paper discusses features of a new generation of intelligent sensor-based information appliances for distributed heterogeneous real-time applications. These appliances will be found in the intelligent homes, offices, automobiles and cities of the future. They will also offer higher mobility and convenience to professionals and open new avenues to many industrial and health applications. 1. Introduction Since its emergence, some forty years go, computing industry has passed through a rapid sequence of technological phases: central computing/mainframe (1950s-1980s), personal computer/PC (1980s-...), computer networks (1990s -...). A fourth era is emerging now, when computers become pervasive, i.e. a technology more noticeable by its absence than its presence [1], [6], [11], [14], [17], [22], [25]. The first mass-produced pervasive computing devices are starting to appear. The Clarion Au...

Emil M. Petriu; Nicolas D. Georganas; Dorina C. Petriu; Dimitrios Makrakis; Voicu Z. Groza

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base  

SciTech Connect

This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Performance-Based Incentive | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Performance-Based Incentive Performance-Based Incentive Jump to: navigation, search Performance-based incentives (PBIs), also known as production incentives, provide cash payments based on the number of kilowatt-hours (kWh) or BTUs generated by a renewable energy system. A "feed-in tariff" is an example of a PBI. To ensure project quality, payments based on a system's actual performance are generally more effective than payments based on a system's rated capacity. (Note that tax incentives based on the amount of energy produced by an eligible commercial facility are categorized as "Corporate Tax Incentives" in DSIRE.) [1] Contents 1 Performance-Based Incentive Incentives 2 References Performance-Based Incentive Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 194) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active

449

A Real-Time Simulator for Doubly Fed Induction Generator based Wind Turbine Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract- This paper describes a real-time simulator of wind turbine generator system suitable for controller design and tests. The simulated generator is a grid-connected doubly fed induction machine with back-to-back PWM voltage source vector control of the rotor. The simulator is based on RT-LAB real-time simulation platform that allows for easy model-to-real-time-target design from Simulink models. The paper puts special emphasis on the fixed-step simulation problematic of kHz-range PWM inverter drives and the techniques used in the real-time simulator to accurately simulate those drives.

Christian Dufour; Jean Blanger

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

A new VME based high voltage power supply for large experiments  

SciTech Connect

A new VME based high voltage power supply has been developed for the D{O} experiment at Fermilab. There are three types of supplies delivering up to {plus_minus}5.6 kV at 1.0 mA or +2.0 kV at 3.0 mA with a set accuracy of 1.5 V and extremely low voltage ripples. Complete computer control has allowed many special features to be developed for the supply, including user-defined control land monitor groups, variable ramp rates, and advanced histogram and graphic functions. 3 refs.

Ahn, S.C.; Angstadt, R.D.; Droege, T.F.; Johnson, M.E.; MacKinnon, B.A.; McNulty, S.E.; Shea, M.F.; Thompson, R.N.; Watson, M.M. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Franzini, P. [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Jones, A.A. [Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States); Lopez, M.L. [La Plata Univ. Nacional (Argentina); Wimpenny, S.J.; Yang, M.J. [California Univ., Riverside, CA (United States)

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

A new VME based high voltage power supply for large experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new VME based high voltage power supply has been developed for the D{O} experiment at Fermilab. There are three types of supplies delivering up to {plus minus}5.6 kV at 1.0 mA or +2.0 kV at 3.0 mA with a set accuracy of 1.5 V and extremely low voltage ripples. Complete computer control has allowed many special features to be developed for the supply, including user-defined control land monitor groups, variable ramp rates, and advanced histogram and graphic functions. 3 refs.

Ahn, S.C.; Angstadt, R.D.; Droege, T.F.; Johnson, M.E.; MacKinnon, B.A.; McNulty, S.E.; Shea, M.F.; Thompson, R.N.; Watson, M.M. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States)); Franzini, P. (Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)); Jones, A.A. (Superconducting Super Collider Lab., Dallas, TX (United States)); Lopez, M.L. (La Plata Univ. Nacional (Argentina)); Wimpenny, S.J.; Yang, M.J

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A Symmetric Free Energy Based Multi-Component Lattice Boltzmann Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a lattice Boltzmann algorithm based on an underlying free energy that allows the simulation of the dynamics of a multicomponent system with an arbitrary number of components. The thermodynamic properties, such as the chemical potential of each component and the pressure of the overall system, are incorporated in the model. We derived a symmetrical convection diffusion equation for each component as well as the Navier Stokes equation and continuity equation for the overall system. The algorithm was verified through simulations of binary and ternary systems. The equilibrium concentrations of components of binary and ternary systems simulated with our algorithm agree well with theoretical expectations.

Qun Li; A. J. Wagner

2007-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

453

Solar Reserve Methodology for Renewable Energy Integration Studies Based on Sub-Hourly Variability Analysis: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increasing penetrations of wind a solar energy are raising concerns among electric system operators because of the variability and uncertainty associated with power sources. Previous work focused on the quantification of reserves for systems with wind power. This paper presents a new methodology that allows the determination of necessary reserves for high penetrations of photovoltaic (PV) power and compares it to the wind-based methodology. The solar reserve methodology is applied to Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study. A summary of the results is included.

Ibanez, E.; Brinkman, G.; Hummon, M.; Lew, D.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Model-Based Signal Processing Approach to Nuclear Explosion Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes research performed under Laboratory Research and Development Project 05-ERD-019, entitled ''A New Capability for Regional High-Frequency Seismic Wave Simulation in Realistic Three-Dimensional Earth Models to Improve Nuclear Explosion Monitoring''. A more appropriate title for this project is ''A Model-Based Signal Processing Approach to Nuclear Explosion Monitoring''. This project supported research for a radically new approach to nuclear explosion monitoring as well as allowed the development new capabilities in computational seismology that can contribute to NNSA/NA-22 Programs.

Rodgers, A; Harris, D; Pasyanos, M

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Ultra Fast X-ray Streak Camera for TIM Based Platforms  

SciTech Connect

Ultra fast x-ray streak cameras are a staple for time resolved x-ray measurements. There is a need for a ten inch manipulator (TIM) based streak camera that can be fielded in a newer large scale laser facility. The LLNL ultra fast streak camera's drive electronics have been upgraded and redesigned to fit inside a TIM tube. The camera also has a new user interface that allows for remote control and data acquisition. The system has been outfitted with a new sensor package that gives the user more operational awareness and control.

Marley, E; Shepherd, R; Fulkerson, E S; James, L; Emig, J; Norman, D

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

456

Ultra fast x-ray streak camera for ten inch manipulator based platforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ultra fast x-ray streak cameras are a staple for time resolved x-ray measurements. There is a need for a ten inch manipulator (TIM) based streak camera that can be fielded in a newer large scale laser facility. The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory ultra fast streak camera's drive electronics have been upgraded and redesigned to fit inside a TIM tube. The camera also has a new user interface that allows for remote control and data acquisition. The system has been outfitted with a new sensor package that gives the user more operational awareness and control.

Marley, E. V. [Physics and Life Science, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, M.S. L-490, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); University of California Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616 (United States); Shepherd, R.; Fulkerson, S.; James, L.; Emig, J.; Norman, D. [Physics and Life Science, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, M.S. L-490, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

PROBABILITY BASED CORROSION CONTROL FOR WASTE TANKS - PART II  

SciTech Connect

As part of an ongoing study to evaluate the discontinuity in the corrosion controls at the SRS tank farm, a study was conducted this year to assess the minimum concentrations below 1 molar nitrate, see Figure 1. Current controls on the tank farm solution chemistry are in place to prevent the initiation and propagation of pitting and stress corrosion cracking in the primary steel waste tanks. The controls are based upon a series of experiments performed with simulated solutions on materials used for construction of the tanks, namely ASTM A537 carbon steel (A537). During FY09, an experimental program was undertaken to investigate the risk associated with reducing the minimum molar nitrite concentration required to confidently inhibit pitting in dilute solutions (i.e., less than 1 molar nitrate). The experimental results and conclusions herein provide a statistical basis to quantify the probability of pitting for the tank wall exposed to various solutions with dilute concentrations of nitrate and nitrite. Understanding the probability for pitting will allow the facility to make tank-specific risk-based decisions for chemistry control. Based on previous electrochemical testing, a statistical test matrix was developed to refine and solidify the application of the statistical mixture/amount model to corrosion of A537 steel. A mixture/amount model was identified based on statistical analysis of recent and historically collected electrochemical data. This model provides a more complex relationship between the nitrate and nitrite concentrations and the probability of pitting than is represented by the model underlying the current chemistry control program, and its use may provide a technical basis for the utilization of less nitrite to inhibit pitting at concentrations below 1 molar nitrate. FY09 results fit within the mixture/amount model, and further refine the nitrate regime in which the model is applicable. The combination of visual observations and cyclic potentiodynamic polarization scans indicates a potential for significant inhibitor reductions at nitrate concentrations near 1.0 M without a significant increase in corrosion risk. The complete data sets from FY08 and FY09 testing have determined the statistical basis to confidently inhibit against pitting using nitrite inhibition with the current pH controls. Future testing will complete the spectrum of nitrate concentrations around 1 molar. These results will be combined to provide a complete spectrum for corrosion controls with a risk based component.

Hoffman, E.; Edwards, T.

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

Jacobian-free Newton Krylov discontinuous Galerkin method and physics-based preconditioning for nuclear reactor simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present high-order accurate spatiotemporal discretization of all-speed flow solvers using Jacobian-free Newton Krylov framework. One of the key developments in this work is the physics-based preconditioner for the all-speed flow, which makes use of traditional semi-implicit schemes. The physics-based preconditioner is developed in the primitive variable form, which allows a straightforward separation of physical phenomena. Numerical examples demonstrate that the developed preconditioner effectively reduces the number of the Krylov iterations, and the efficiency is independent of the Mach number and mesh sizes under a fixed CFL condition.

HyeongKae Park; Robert R. Nourgaliev; Richard C. Martineau; Dana A. Knoll

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Analysis of silicon carbide based semiconductor power devices and their application in power factor correction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent technological advances have allowed silicon (Si) semiconductor technology to approach the theoretical limits of the Si material; however, power device requirements for many applications are at a stage that the present Si-based power devices cannot handle. The requirements include higher blocking voltages, switching frequencies, efficiency, and reliability. Material technologies superior to Si are needed for future power device developments. Silicon Carbide (SiC) based semiconductor devices offer one such alternative. SiC based power devices exhibit superior properties such as very low switching losses, fast switching behavior, improved reliability and high temperature operation capabilities. Power factor correction stage of power supplies is identified as an area where application of these devices would prove advantageous. In this thesis a high performance, high efficiency, SiC based power factor correction stage is discussed. The proposed topology takes advantage of the superior properties of SiC semiconductor based devices and the reduced number of devices that the dual boost power factor correction topology requires to achieve high efficiency, small size and better performance at high temperature. In addition to this analysis of SiC based power devices is carried out to study their characteristics and performance.

Durrani, Yamin Qaisar

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Handbook of methods for risk-based analysis of Technical Specification requirements  

SciTech Connect

Technical Specifications (TS) requirements for nuclear power plants define the Limiting Conditions for Operation (LCOs) and Surveillance Requirements (SRs) to assure safety during operation. In general, these requirements were based on deterministic analysis and engineering judgments. Experiences with plant operation indicate that some elements of the requirements are unnecessarily restrictive, while others may not be conducive to safety. Improvements in these requirements are facilitated by the availability of plant specific Probabilistic Safety Assessments (PSAs). The use of risk and reliability-based methods to improve TS requirements has gained wide interest because these methods can: quantitatively evaluate the risk impact and justify changes based on objective risk arguments. Provide a defensible basis for these requirements for regulatory applications. The United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) Office of Research is sponsoring research to develop systematic risk-based methods to improve various aspects of TS requirements. The handbook of methods, which is being prepared, summarizes such risk-based methods. The scope of the handbook includes reliability and risk-based methods for evaluating allowed outage times (AOTs), action statements requiring shutdown where shutdown risk may be substantial, surveillance test intervals (STIs), defenses against common-cause failures, managing plant configurations, and scheduling maintenances. For each topic, the handbook summarizes methods of analysis and data needs, outlines the insights to be gained, lists additional references, and presents examples of evaluations.

Samanta, P.K.; Vesely, W.E.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Calix[4]arene Based Single-Molecule Magnets  

SciTech Connect

Single-molecule magnets (SMMs) have been the subject of much interest in recent years because their molecular nature and inherent physical properties allow the crossover between classical and quantum physics to be observed. The macroscopic observation of quantum phenomena - tunneling between different spin states, quantum interference between tunnel paths - not only allows scientists to study quantum mechanical laws in great detail, but also provides model systems with which to investigate the possible implementation of spin-based solid state qubits and molecular spintronics. The isolation of small, simple SMMs is therefore an exciting prospect. To date almost all SMMs have been made via the self-assembly of 3d metal ions in the presence of bridging/chelating organic ligands. However, very recently an exciting new class of SMMs, based on 3d metal clusters (or single lanthanide ions) housed within polyoxometalates, has appeared. These types of molecule, in which the SMM is completely encapsulated within (or shrouded by) a 'protective' organic or inorganic sheath have much potential for design and manipulation: for example, for the removal of unwanted dipolar interactions, the introduction of redox activity, or to simply aid functionalization for surface grafting. Calix[4]arenes are cyclic (typically bowl-shaped) polyphenols that have been used extensively in the formation of versatile self-assembled supramolecular structures. Although many have been reported, p-{sup t}But-calix[4]arene and calix[4]arene (TBC4 and C4 respectively, Figure 1A) are frequently encountered due to (a) synthetic accessibility, and (b) vast potential for alteration at either the upper or lower rim of the macrocyclic framework. Within the field of supramolecular chemistry, TBC4 is well known for interesting polymorphic behavior and phase transformations within anti-parallel bi-layer arrays, while C4 often forms self-included trimers. The polyphenolic nature of calix[n]arenes (where n = 4-8) also suggests they should be excellent candidates as ligands for the isolation of molecular magnets, but to date their use in the isolation of paramagnetic cluster compounds is rather limited. Herein we present the first Mn cluster and the first SMM to be isolated using any methylene bridged calix[n]arene - a ferromagnetically coupled mixed-valence [Mn{sub 2}{sup III}Mn{sub 2}{sup II}] complex housed between either two TBC4s or two C4s.

Karotsis, Georgios; Teat, Simon J.; Wernsdorfer, Wolfgang; Piligkos, Stergios; Dalgarno, Scott J.; Brechin, Euan K.

2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

462

Articulatory-based Speech Processing Methods for Foreign Accent Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this dissertation is to develop speech processing methods that enable without altering their identity. We envision accent conversion primarily as a tool for pronunciation training, allowing non-native speakers to hear their native-accented selves. With this application in mind, we present two methods of accent conversion. The first assumes that the voice quality/identity of speech resides in the glottal excitation, while the linguistic content is contained in the vocal tract transfer function. Accent conversion is achieved by convolving the glottal excitation of a non-native speaker with the vocal tract transfer function of a native speaker. The result is perceived as 60 percent less accented, but it is no longer identified as the same individual. The second method of accent conversion selects segments of speech from a corpus of non-native speech based on their acoustic or articulatory similarity to segments from a native speaker. We predict that articulatory features provide a more speaker-independent representation of speech and are therefore better gauges of linguistic similarity across speakers. To test this hypothesis, we collected a custom database containing simultaneous recordings of speech and the positions of important articulators (e.g. lips, jaw, tongue) for a native and non-native speaker. Resequencing speech from a non-native speaker based on articulatory similarity with a native speaker achieved a 20 percent reduction in accent. The approach is particularly appealing for applications in pronunciation training because it modifies speech in a way that produces realistically achievable changes in accent (i.e., since the technique uses sounds already produced by the non-native speaker). A second contribution of this dissertation is the development of subjective and objective measures to assess the performance of accent conversion systems. This is a difficult problem because, in most cases, no ground truth exists. Subjective evaluation is further complicated by the interconnected relationship between accent and identity, but modifications of the stimuli (i.e. reverse speech and voice disguises) allow the two components to be separated. Algorithms to measure objectively accent, quality, and identity are shown to correlate well with their subjective counterparts.

Felps, Daniel

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Efficient Graph Based Assembly of Short-Read Sequences on Hybrid Core Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced architectures can deliver dramatically increased throughput for genomics and proteomics applications, reducing time-to-completion in some cases from days to minutes. One such architecture, hybrid-core computing, marries a traditional x86 environment with a reconfigurable coprocessor, based on field programmable gate array (FPGA) technology. In addition to higher throughput, increased performance can fundamentally improve research quality by allowing more accurate, previously impractical approaches. We will discuss the approach used by Convey?s de Bruijn graph constructor for short-read, de-novo assembly. Bioinformatics applications that have random access patterns to large memory spaces, such as graph-based algorithms, experience memory performance limitations on cache-based x86 servers. Convey?s highly parallel memory subsystem allows application-specific logic to simultaneously access 8192 individual words in memory, significantly increasing effective memory bandwidth over cache-based memory systems. Many algorithms, such as Velvet and other de Bruijn graph based, short-read, de-novo assemblers, can greatly benefit from this type of memory architecture. Furthermore, small data type operations (four nucleotides can be represented in two bits) make more efficient use of logic gates than the data types dictated by conventional programming models.JGI is comparing the performance of Convey?s graph constructor and Velvet on both synthetic and real data. We will present preliminary results on memory usage and run time metrics for various data sets with different sizes, from small microbial and fungal genomes to very large cow rumen metagenome. For genomes with references we will also present assembly quality comparisons between the two assemblers.

Sczyrba, Alex; Pratap, Abhishek; Canon, Shane; Han, James; Copeland, Alex; Wang, Zhong; Brewer, Tony; Soper, David; D'Jamoos, Mike; Collins, Kirby; Vacek, George

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

464

Lazy Home-Based Protocol: Combining Homeless and Home-Based Distributed Shared  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lazy Home-Based Protocol: Combining Homeless and Home-Based Distributed Shared Memory Protocols. The protocol com- bines the advantages of homeless and home-based protocols. During lock synchronization a home-based page-based memory update using the invalidation coherence protocol. The protocol is called

Werstein, Paul

465

Bio-Based Products | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from biomass. These bioproducts, or bio-based products, are not only made from renewable sources, but they also often require less energy to produce than petroleum-based ones....

466

A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator Title A Web-Based Virtual Lighting Simulator Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-51065 Year of Publication 2002 Authors...

467

Modified biogeography-based optimisation (MBBO)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modified biogeography-based optimisation (MBBO) technique is modified version of BBO which is a bio-inspired and population-based optimisation technique. Biogeography is the study of distribution of species in nature. In this paper, ...

M. R. Lohokare; S. Devi; S. S. Pattnaik; B. K. Panigrahi; J. G. Joshi

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Carbon-based Fuel Cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The direct use of coal in the solid oxide fuel cell to generate electricity is an innovative concept for power generation. The C-fuel cell (carbon-based fuel cell) could offer significant advantages: (1) minimization of NOx emissions due to its operating temperature range of 700-1000 C, (2) high overall efficiency because of the direct conversion of coal to CO{sub 2}, and (3) the production of a nearly pure CO{sub 2} exhaust stream for the direct CO{sub 2} sequestration. The objective of this project is to determine the technical feasibility of using a highly active anode catalyst in a solid oxide fuel for the direct electrochemical oxidation of coal to produce electricity. Results of this study showed that the electric power generation from Ohio No 5 coal (Lower Kittanning) Seam, Mahoning County, is higher than those of coal gas and pure methane on a solid oxide fuel cell assembly with a promoted metal anode catalyst at 950 C. Further study is needed to test the long term activity, selectivity, and stability of anode catalysts.

Steven S. C. Chuang

2005-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

469

Free resolutions via Grbner bases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For associative algebras in many different categories, it is possible to develop the machinery of Grbner bases. A Grbner basis of defining relations for an algebra of such a category provides a "monomial replacement" of this algebra. The main goal of this article is to demonstrate how this machinery can be used for the purposes of homological algebra. More precisely, our approach goes in three steps. First, we define a combinatorial resolution for the monomial replacement of an object. Second, we extract from those resolutions explicit representatives for homological classes. Finally, we explain how to "deform" the differential to handle the general case. For associative algebras, we recover a well known construction due to Anick. The other case we discuss in detail is that of operads, where we discover resolutions that haven't been known previously. We present various applications, including a proofs of Hoffbeck's PBW criterion, a proof of Koszulness for a class of operads coming from commutative algebras, and a homology computation for the operads of Batalin--Vilkovisky algebras and of Rota--Baxter algebras.

Vladimir Dotsenko; Anton Khoroshkin

470

Standardization in Technology-Based Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and servicing the markets based on ... Their established market positions promote evolutionary as ... of developing, producing, and marketing the core ...

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

471

Assembly of Energy Nanomaterials via Water Based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Assembly of Energy Nanomaterials via Water Based Assembly Paula T. Hammond Department of Chemical Engineering ...

472

UBE's SiC-base Ceramic Fibers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Ceramic Matrix Composites. Presentation Title, UBE's SiC-base Ceramic...

473

Stabilization of Graphene-Polyaniline Based Nanocomposite ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Stabilization of Graphene-Polyaniline Based Nanocomposite Electrodes Using Barium Strontium Titanate for Supercapacitor Application.

474

Phase-based Property Data Informatics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dictionary-based Diffraction Microscopy for Materials Effective Extraction of Both Impurity Diffusion Coefficients and Interdiffusion Coefficients for Diffusivity...

475

Model Based Enterprise / Technical Data Package Summit ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. NIST Technical Note 1753 Model Based Enterprise / Technical Data Package Summit Report Joshua Lubell Kenway ...

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

476

Quantum Conductance Project/Graphene-Based Quantum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum Conductance Project/Graphene-Based Quantum Metrology. Summary: ... Graphene Hall bar developed at NIST by undergraduate students. ...

2011-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

477

Graphene Based Composite Materials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Nanocomposites. Presentation Title, Graphene Based Composite Materials.

478

Risk-Based Sensor Placement Methodology  

Current methods for sensor placement are based on qualitative approaches ranging from best guess to expensive, customized studies.

479

Future risks of satellite-based tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study finds out if in the future, some special risks concerning satellite-based tracking and navigation occur. To find out possible future risks, future research methods such as scenarios were being used. Forecasting the future is impossible, but ... Keywords: future research, risk management, satellite-base tracking, satellite-based navigation, tracking

Miikka Ohisalo; Otto Tiuri; Tatu Urpila; Jyri Rajamki

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Bayesian Image Reconstruction Based on Voronoi Diagrams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a Bayesian Voronoi image reconstruction technique (VIR) for interferometric data. Bayesian analysis applied to the inverse problem allows us to derive the a-posteriori probability of a novel parameterization of interferometric images. We use a variable Voronoi diagram as our model in place of the usual fixed pixel grid. A quantization of the intensity field allows us to calculate the likelihood function and a-priori probabilities. The Voronoi image is optimized including the number of polygons as free parameters. We apply our algorithm to deconvolve simulated interferometric data. Residuals, restored images and chi^2 values are used to compare our reconstructions with fixed grid models. VIR has the advantage of modeling the image with few parameters, obtaining a better image from a Bayesian point of view.

G. F. Cabrera; S. Casassus; N. Hitschfeld

2007-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "allowable wattage based" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Evaluation of Computer-Based Procedure System Prototype  

SciTech Connect

This research effort is a part of the Light-Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) Program, which is a research and development (R&D) program sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE), performed in close collaboration with industry R&D programs, to provide the technical foundations for licensing and managing the long-term, safe, and economical operation of current nuclear power plants. The LWRS program serves to help the U.S. nuclear industry adopt new technologies and engineering solutions that facilitate the continued safe operation of the plants and extension of the current operating licenses. The introduction of advanced technology in existing nuclear power plants may help to manage the effects of aging systems, structures, and components. In addition, the incorporation of advanced technology in the existing LWR fleet may entice the future workforce, who will be familiar with advanced technology, to work for these utilities rather than more newly built nuclear power plants. Advantages are being sought by developing and deploying technologies that will increase safety and efficiency. One significant opportunity for existing plants to increase efficiency is to phase out the paper-based procedures (PBPs) currently used at most nuclear power plants and replace them, where feasible, with computer-based procedures (CBPs). PBPs have ensured safe operation of plants for decades, but limitations in paper-based systems do not allow them to reach the full potential for procedures to prevent human errors. The environment in a nuclear power plant is constantly changing depending on current plant status and operating mode. PBPs, which are static by nature, are being applied to a constantly changing context. This constraint often results in PBPs that are written in a manner that is intended to cover many potential operating scenarios. Hence, the procedure layout forces the operator to search through a large amount of irrelevant information to locate the pieces of information relevant for the task and situation at hand, which has potential consequences of taking up valuable time when operators must be responding to the situation, and potentially leading operators down an incorrect response path. Other challenges related to PBPs are the management of multiple procedures, place-keeping, finding the correct procedure for the task at hand, and relying on other sources of additional information to ensure a functional and accurate understanding of the current plant status (Converse, 1995; Fink, Killian, Hanes, & Naser, 2009; Le Blanc & Oxstrand, 2012). The main focus of this report is to describe the research activities conducted to address the remaining two objectives; Develop a prototype CBP system based on requirements identified and Evaluate the CBP prototype. The emphasis will be on the evaluation of an initial CBP prototype in at a Nuclear Power Plant.

Johanna Oxstrand; Katya Le Blanc; Seth Hays

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Detecting Molecular Properties by Various Laser-Based Techniques  

SciTech Connect

Four different laser-based techniques were applied to study physical and chemical characteristics of biomolecules and dye molecules. These techniques are liole burning spectroscopy, single molecule spectroscopy, time-resolved coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy and laser-induced fluorescence microscopy. Results from hole burning and single molecule spectroscopy suggested that two antenna states (C708 & C714) of photosystem I from cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803 are connected by effective energy transfer and the corresponding energy transfer time is {approx}6 ps. In addition, results from hole burning spectroscopy indicated that the chlorophyll dimer of the C714 state has a large distribution of the dimer geometry. Direct observation of vibrational peaks and evolution of coumarin 153 in the electronic excited state was demonstrated by using the fs/ps CARS, a variation of time-resolved coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy. In three different solvents, methanol, acetonitrile, and butanol, a vibration peak related to the stretch of the carbonyl group exhibits different relaxation dynamics. Laser-induced fluorescence microscopy, along with the biomimetic containers-liposomes, allows the measurement of the enzymatic activity of individual alkaline phosphatase from bovine intestinal mucosa without potential interferences from glass surfaces. The result showed a wide distribution of the enzyme reactivity. Protein structural variation is one of the major reasons that are responsible for this highly heterogeneous behavior.

Tse-Ming Hsin

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

483

Happiness through consumption: towards a theoretical approach based on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

human needs satisfaction Economic welfare is traditionally related to happiness as increases in economic welfare are viewed as increases in utility, which has been a measure of happiness since the marginalist revolution at the beginning of XX century. Consumption is one of the main activities analysed by economic theory that is thought to account for greatest utility. However, the analysis of macroeconomic data do not allow the statement that individual consumption choices do not lead to greatest social welfare or global happiness, as in most capitalist societies deprivation and negative effects from over-consumption are experienced simultaneously. The neoclassical formal approach, which is the main theoretical framework followed by economist, does not intend to contemplate everyday paradoxes of consumption and happiness as it is based upon Utilitarianism. To maintain the link between theory and real economy it is necessary to progress towards a theoretical framework that facilitates the evaluation of consumption and its effects on individual and social welfare or happiness. This normative framework could facilitate the theoretical analysis of the paradoxes found

Monica Guillen Royo

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Role Based Access Control System in the ATLAS Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complexity of the ATLAS experiment motivated the deployment of an integrated Access Control System in order to guarantee safe and optimal access for a large number of users to the various software and hardware resources. Such an integrated system was foreseen since the design of the infrastructure and is now central to the operations model. In order to cope with the ever growing needs of restricting access to all resources used within the experiment, the Roles Based Access Control (RBAC) previously developed has been extended and improved. The paper starts with a short presentation of the RBAC design, implementation and the changes made to the system to allow the management and usage of roles to control access to the vast and diverse set of resources. The paper continues with a detailed description of the integration across all areas of the system: local Linux and Windows nodes in the ATLAS Control Network (ATCN), the Linux application gateways offering remote access inside ATCN, the Windows Terminal Serv...

Valsan, M L; The ATLAS collaboration; Lehmann Miotto, G; Scannicchio, D A; Schlenker, S; Filimonov, V; Khomoutnikov, V; Dumitru, I; Zaytsev, A S; Korol, A A; Bogdantchikov, A; Avolio, G; Caramarcu, C; Ballestrero, S; Darlea, G L; Twomey, M; Bujor, F

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Role Based Access Control system in the ATLAS experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The complexity of the ATLAS experiment motivated the deployment of an integrated Access Control System in order to guarantee safe and optimal access for a large number of users to the various software and hardware resources. Such an integrated system was foreseen since the design of the infrastructure and is now central to the operations model. In order to cope with the ever growing needs of restricting access to all resources used within the experiment, the Roles Based Access Control (RBAC) previously developed has been extended and improved. The paper starts with a short presentation of the RBAC design, implementation and the changes made to the system to allow the management and usage of roles to control access to the vast and diverse set of resources. The paper continues with a detailed description of the integration across all areas of the system: local Linux and Windows nodes in the ATLAS Control Network (ATCN), the Linux application gateways offering remote access inside ATCN, the Windows Terminal Serv...

Valsan, M L; The ATLAS collaboration; Lehmann Miotto, G; Scannicchio, D A; Schlenker, S; Filimonov, V; Khomoutnikov, V; Dumitru, I; Zaytsev, A S; Korol, A A; Bogdantchikov, A; Caramarcu, C; Ballestrero, S; Darlea, G L; Twomey, M; Bujor, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Durability-based design criteria for an automotive structural composite  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Before composite structures can be widely used in automotive applications, their long-term durability must be assured. The Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures Project at Oak Ridge National Laboratory was established by the US Department of Energy to help provide that assurance. The project is closely coordinated with the Automotive Composites Consortium. The experimentally-based, durability-driven design criteria described in this paper are the result of the initial project thrust. The criteria address a single reference composite, which is an SRIM (Structural Reaction Injection Molded) polyurethane, reinforced with continuous strand, swirl-mat E-glass fibers. The durability issues addressed include the effects of cyclic and sustained loadings, temperature, automotive fluid environments, and low-energy impacts (e.g., tool drops and roadway kickups) on strength, stiffness, and deformation. The criteria provide design analysis guidance, a multiaxial strength criterion, time-independent and time-dependent allowable stresses, rules for cyclic loading, and damage tolerance design guidance. Environmental degradation factors and the degrading effects of prior loadings are included. Efforts are currently underway to validate the criteria by application to a second random-glass-fiber composite. Carbon-fiber composites are also being addressed.

Corum, J.M.; Battiste, R.L.; Brinkman, C.R.; Ren, W.; Ruggles, M.B.; Yahr, G.T.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Active and Knowledge-based Process Safety Incident Retrieval System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The sustainability and continued development of the chemical industry is to a large extent dependent on learning from past incidents. The failure to learn from past mistakes is rather not deliberate but due to unawareness of the situation. Incident databases are excellent resources to learn from past mistakes; however, in order to be effective, incident databases need to be functional in disseminating the lessons learned to users. Therefore, this research is dedicated to improving user accessibility of incident databases. The objective of this research is twofold. The first objective is improving accessibility of the database system by allowing the option of word search as well as folder search for the users. This will satisfy research needs of users who are aware of the hazards at hand and need to access the relevant information. The second objective is to activate the database via integration of the database with an operational software. This will benefit research needs of users who are unaware of the existing hazards. Literature review and text mining of Major Accident Reporting System (MARS) database short reports are employed to develop an initial taxonomy, which is then refined and modified by expert review. The incident reports in MARS database is classified to the right folders in the taxonomy and implemented in a database system based on Microsoft Excel, where the users can retrieve information using folder search as well as word search option via a user friendly interface. A program coded in JAVA is prepared for integrating the incident database with a Management of Change (MOC) software prototype. A collection of keywords on hazardous substances and equipment is prepared. If the keywords exist in the MOC interface, they will be highlighted, and with the click of a button, will return up to ten relevant incident reports. Using an active and knowledge-based system, people can learn from incidents and near-misses and will be more active to reduce the frequency of recurring incidents.

Khan, Sara Shammni

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Function-based Biosensor for Hazardous Waste Toxin Detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a need for new types of toxicity sensors in the DOE and other agencies that are based on biological function as the toxins encountered during decontamination or waste remediation may be previously unknown or their effects subtle. Many times the contents of the environmental waste, especially the minor components, have not been fully identified and characterized. New sensors of this type could target unknown toxins that cause death as well as intermediate levels of toxicity that impair function or cause long term impairment that may eventually lead to death. The primary question posed in this grant was to create an electronically coupled neuronal cellular circuit to be used as sensor elements for a hybrid non-biological/biological toxin sensor system. A sensor based on the electrical signals transmitted between two mammalian neurons would allow the marriage of advances in solid state electronics with a functioning biological system to develop a new type of biosensor. Sensors of this type would be a unique addition to the field of sensor technology but would also be complementary to existing sensor technology that depends on knowledge of what is to be detected beforehand. We integrated physics, electronics, surface chemistry, biotechnology, and fundamental neuroscience in the development of this biosensor. Methods were developed to create artificial surfaces that enabled the patterning of discrete cells, and networks of cells, in culture; the networks were then aligned with transducers. The transducers were designed to measure electromagnetic fields (EMF) at low field strength. We have achieved all of the primary goals of the project. We can now pattern neurons routinely in our labs as well as align them with transducers. We have also shown the signals between neurons can be modulated by different biochemicals. In addition, we have made another significant advance where we have repeated the patterning results with adult hippocampal cells. Finally, we demonstrated that patterned cardiac cells on microelectrode arrays could act as sensors as well.

James J Hickman

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

489

Ammonia concentration modeling based on retained gas sampler data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vertical ammonia concentration distributions determined by the retained gas sampler (RGS) apparatus were modeled for double-shell tanks (DSTs) AW-101, AN-103, AN-104, and AN-105 and single-shell tanks (SSTs) A-101, S-106, and U-103. One the vertical transport of ammonia in the tanks were used for the modeling. Transport in the non-convective settled solids and floating solids layers is assumed to occur primarily via some type of diffusion process, while transport in the convective liquid layers is incorporated into the model via mass transfer coefficients based on empirical correlations. Mass transfer between the top of the waste and the tank headspace and the effects of ventilation of the headspace are also included in the models. The resulting models contain a large number of parameters, but many of them can be determined from known properties of the waste configuration or can be estimated within reasonable bounds from data on the waste samples themselves. The models are used to extract effective diffusion coefficients for transport in the nonconvective layers based on the measured values of ammonia from the RGS apparatus. The modeling indicates that the higher concentrations of ammonia seen in bubbles trapped inside the waste relative to the ammonia concentrations in the tank headspace can be explained by a combination of slow transport of ammonia via diffusion in the nonconvective layers and ventilation of the tank headspace by either passive or active means. Slow transport by diffusion causes a higher concentration of ammonia to build up deep within the waste until the concentration gradients between the interior and top of the waste are sufficient to allow ammonia to escape at the same rate at which it is being generated in the waste.

Terrones, G.; Palmer, B.J.; Cuta, J.M.

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

An Innovative Transponder-Based Interferometric Radar for Vibration Measurements  

SciTech Connect

Ground-based radar interferometry has recently emerged as an innovative technology of remote sensing, able to accurately measure the static or dynamic displacement of several points of a structure. This technique in the last couple of years has been applied to different types of structures, such as bridges, towers and chimneys. This paper presents a prototype system developed by IDS, originally aimed at measuring the structural vibrations of helicopter rotor blades, based on an interferometric technique and constituted by combination of a radar sensor and a series of transponders installed on the target structure. The main advantages of this solution with respect to conventional interferometric radars, are related to the increased spatial resolution of the system, provided by the possibility to discriminate different transponders installed within the same resolution cell of the radar sensor, and to the reduction of the ambient noise (e.g. multi-path) on the radar measurement. The first feature allows the use of the microwave technology even on target areas with limited dimensions, such as industrial facilities, while the second aspect may extend the use of radar interferometric systems to complex scenarios, where multi-reflections are expected due to the presence of natural targets with high reflectivity to the radar signal. In the paper, the system and its major characteristics are first described; subsequently, application to the measurement of ambient vibration response of a lab set-up is summarized. Then the data acquired on a rotating mock-up are reported and analyzed to identify natural frequencies and mode shapes of the investigated structure.

Coppi, F.; Cerutti, A.; Farina, P.; De Pasquale, G.; Novembrini, G. [IDS Ingegneria dei Sistemi S.p.A., Via Livornese 1019, Pisa (Italy)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

491

Income Tax Evasion Dynamics: Evidence from an Agent-based Econophysics Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze income tax evasion dynamics in a standard model of statistical mechanics, the Ising model of ferromagnetism. However, in contrast to previous research, we use an inhomogeneous multi-dimensional Ising model where the local degrees of freedom (agents) are subject to a specific social temperature and coupled to external fields which govern their social behavior. This new modeling frame allows for analyzing large societies of four different and interacting agent types. As a second novelty, our model may reproduce results from agent-based models that incorporate standard Allingham and Sandmo tax evasion features as well as results from existing two-dimensional Ising based tax evasion models. We then use our model for analyzing income tax evasion dynamics under different enforcement scenarios and point to some policy implications.

Pickhardt, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Ising-like agent-based technology diffusion model: adoption patterns vs. seeding strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The well-known Ising model used in statistical physics was adapted to a social dynamics context to simulate the adoption of a technological innovation. The model explicitly combines (a) an individual's perception of the advantages of an innovation and (b) social influence from members of the decision-maker's social network. The micro-level adoption dynamics are embedded into an agent-based model that allows exploration of macro-level patterns of technology diffusion throughout systems with different configurations (number and distributions of early adopters, social network topologies). In the present work we carry out many numerical simulations. We find that when the gap between the individual's perception of the options is high, the adoption speed increases if the dispersion of early adopters grows. Another test was based on changing the network topology by means of stochastic connections to a common opinion reference (hub), which resulted in an increment in the adoption speed. Finally, we performed a simula...

Laciana, Carlos E

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Design, implementation, and operation of a class based batch queue scheduler for VAX/VMS  

SciTech Connect

Fermilab found that the standard VMS batch configuration options were inadequate for the job mix that exists on the Fermilab central computer facility VAX cluster. Accordingly, Fermilab designed and implemented a class based batch queue scheduler. This scheduler makes use of the standard VMS job controller and batch system. Users interact with the scheduler at job submission time by specification of CPU time limits and batch job characteristics. This scheduler allows Fermilab to make efficient use of our large heterogeneous VAX cluster which contains machines ranging from a VAX 780 to a VAX 8800. The scheduler was implemented using the VMS system services $GETQUI and $SNDJBC, without changes to the existing VMS job scheduler. As a result, the scheduler should remain compatible with future VMS versions. This session will discuss the design goals, implementation, and operational experience with Fermilab's class based batch queue scheduler.

Chadwick, K.

1988-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

494

Field-based tests of geochemical modeling codes using New Zealand hydrothermal systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrothermal systems in the Taupo Volcanic Zone, North Island, New Zealand are being used as field-based modeling exercises for the EQ3/6 geochemical modeling code package. Comparisons of the observed state and evolution of the hydrothermal systems with predictions of fluid-solid equilibria made using geochemical modeling codes will determine how the codes can be used to predict the chemical and mineralogical response of the environment to nuclear waste emplacement. Field-based exercises allow us to test the models on time scales unattainable in the laboratory. Preliminary predictions of mineral assemblages in equilibrium with fluids sampled from wells in the Wairakei and Kawerau geothermal field suggest that affinity-temperature diagrams must be used in conjunction with EQ6 to minimize the effect of uncertainties in thermodynamic and kinetic data on code predictions.

Bruton, C.J.; Glassley, W.E.; Bourcier, W.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z